Today in History - November 19

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World Toilet Day. It was created in 2001 to raise global awareness of the daily struggle for proper sanitation.
    (Econ, 11/24/12, p.68)(
http://www.worldtoiletday.org/ )

498        Nov 19, Anastasius II, Pope (496-98), (Dante Inferno XI, 8-9), died.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1493        Nov 19, Christopher Columbus discovered Puerto Rico on his 2nd voyage.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1521        Nov 19, Battle at Milan: Emperor Charles V's Spanish, German, and papal troops beat France and occupied Milan. An eight year war between France and the Holy Roman Emp., Charles V, began after the French supported rebels in Spain.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.12)(MC, 11/19/01)

1530        Nov 19, Augsburg Emperor Karel I demanded the Edict of Worms.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1600        Nov 19, Charles I of England was born. Charles I, ruled Great Britain from 1625-1649. He was executed by Parliament in 1649.
    (WUD, 1994, p.249)(HN, 11/19/98)

1620        Nov 19, The Pilgrims reached Cape Cod.
    (HN, 11/19/98)

1630        Nov 19, Johann Hermann Schein (44), German composer (Opella Nova), died.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1696        Nov 19, Louis Tocque, French painter, was born.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1703        Nov 19, The “Man in the Iron Mask," a prisoner in Bastille prison in Paris, died.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1709        Nov 19, Pierre Leclair, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1752        Nov 19, George Rogers Clark, frontier military leader in Revolutionary War, was born.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1770        Nov 19, Albert Bertel Thorvaldsen, sculptor (Dying Lion), was born in Copenhagen, Denmark.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1793        Nov 19, The Jacobin Club was formed in Paris. Robespierre (1758-1794), Jacobin leader: “Terror is nothing but justice, prompt, severe and inflexible."
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.C5)(MC, 11/19/01)

1794        Nov 19, The United States and Britain signed the Jay Treaty, which resolved some issues left over from the Revolutionary War. This was the 1st US extradition treaty.
    (AP, 11/19/97)(MC, 11/19/01)

1797        Nov 19, Sojourner Truth (d.1883), abolitionist and women's rights advocate, was born. “Religion without humanity is a poor human stuff." [see Nov 18]
    (HN, 11/19/98)(AP, 10/29/00)

1798        Nov 19, Theobald Wolfe Tone, Irish nationalist (United Irishmen), died.
    (MC, 11/19/01)(WSJ, 9/12/02, p.D8)

1805        Nov 19, Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat and engineer (built Suez Canal), was born.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1828        Nov 19, Franz Schubert (b.1797), Austrian composer, died of syphilis in Vienna. His work included the C-Major Symphony, string quartets, 3 piano sonatas, and the C-Major String Quartet. Schubert’s song cycle "Schwanengesang" was published posthumously in 1829. Otto Erich Deutsch catalogued his work [hence the "D" numbers] and wrote a documentary biography. In 1997 Brian Newbould wrote "Schubert: The Music and the Man."
    (SFEC, 2/2/97, DB. p.32)(WSJ, 4/16/97, p.A16)(WSJ, 5/13/97, p.A21)   

1831        Nov 19, James A. Garfield (d.1881) the 20th Pres. of the US, was born in Orange Township, Ohio.
    (WUD, 1994, p.584)(AP, 11/19/08)

1835        Nov 19, Fitzhugh Lee (d.1905), Major General (Confederate Army), was born.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1850        Nov 19, Lord Tennyson became the British poet laureate.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1859        Nov 19, Mikhail Mikhayl Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian musician (Armenian Rhapsody), was born.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1861        Nov 19, Julia Ward Howe wrote "The Battle Hymn of the Republic" while visiting Union troops near Washington. [see Nov 18]
    (HN, 11/19/00)

1863        Nov 19, President Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address as he dedicated a national cemetery at the site of the Civil War battlefield in Pennsylvania. Lincoln had been asked to deliver a few "appropriate remarks" to the crowd at the dedication of the National Cemetery at the site of the Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. His address was almost ignored in the wake of the lengthy oration by main speaker Edwin Everett, the former governor of Massachusetts. In fact, Lincoln's speech was over before many in the crowd were even aware that he was speaking. Lincoln concluded his speech with this vow: "We here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain; that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom; and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."
    (http://condor.stcloudstate.edu/~brixr01/theTIMEMACHINE.html)(AP, 11/19/97)(ON, 8/07, p.1)

1864        Nov 19, Confederate commander Nathan Bedford Forrest joined Gen. Hood at Gunter’s Landing on the Tennessee River in northern Alabama.
    (AH, 10/02, p.41)

1866        Nov 19, The sailing ship Coya, a Welsh coal ship out of Sidney with passengers bound for SF, wrecked near Pigeon Point, Ca. 26 people perished and 3 survived.
    (SFC, 8/10/02, p.A13)

1868        Nov 19, William Sidney Mount (b.1807), American genre painter, died. His work included: “Eel Spearing at Setauket" (1845).
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-9054008/William-Sidney-Mount)

1873        Nov 19, James Reed and two accomplices robbed the Watt Grayson family of $30,000 in the Choctaw Nation.
    (HN, 11/19/98)

1874        Nov 19, Karl Adrian Wohlfart, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/19/01)
1874        Nov 19, William Marcy "Boss" Tweed of Tammany Hall (NYC) was convicted of defrauding city of $6M and sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1885        Nov 19, Bulgarians, led by Stefan Stambolov, repulsed a larger Serbian invasion force at Slivinitza.
    (HN, 11/19/98)

1887        Nov 19, Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Dying Detective."
    (MC, 11/19/01)
1887        Nov 19, Emma Lazarus (38), US poet ("Give us your tired & poor"), died in NYC.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emma_Lazarus)

1895        Nov 19, Frederick E. Blaisdell patented the pencil.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1896        Nov 19, Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Sussex Vampire."
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1897        Nov 19, The Great "City Fire" in London.
    (HN, 11/19/98)

1899        Nov 19, Allen Tate, Southern novelist, poet and critic, was born.
    (HN, 11/19/00)

1900        Nov 19, Anna Seghers, [Netty Radvanyi-Reiling], German author (7th Cross), was born.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1901        Nov 19, Louis Kahn (d.1974), architect, was born in Saarama, Estonia. His designs included the capital building of Bangladesh, completed in 1983.
    (PBS, Internet)

1903        Nov 19, Carrie Nation attempted to address Senate.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1905        Nov 19, Tommy Dorsey, band leader, was born in Shenandoah, Pa.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
1905        Nov 19, 100 people drowned in the English Channel as the steamer Hilda sank.
    (HN, 11/19/98)

1911        Nov 19, New York received the first Marconi wireless transmission from Italy.
    (HN, 11/19/98)

1915        Nov 19, Billy Strayhorn (d.1967), composer, arranger and pianist, was born. He wrote "Take the A Train."
    (HN, 11/19/00)
1915        Nov 19, Joe Hill (b.1879), labor leader and songwriter, was executed for murder. Joe Hill (Joseph Hillstrom) was executed after being convicted of killing two men in a holdup in Salt Lake City in 1914. He claimed the charges against him were trumped up and won worldwide support, including that of President Woodrow Wilson. Nevertheless, Hill was tried, convicted and executed by firing squad. Hill, born Joel Haggelund in Sweden in 1879, went to the United States in 1902 and soon joined the revolutionary Industrial Workers of the World (the Wobblies). In 2011 William Adler authored “The Man Who Never Died: The Life, Times, and Legacy of Joe Hill."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Hill)(SSFC, 1/7/01, p.A21)(Econ, 8/6/11, p.73)
1915        Nov 19, The Allies asked China to join the entente against the Central Powers.
    (HN, 11/19/00)

1917        Nov 19, Indira Gandhi was born in Allahabad. She served as prime minister of India from 1967 to 1977 and 1978 to 1984, when she was assassinated by her own guards.
    (HN, 11/19/00)(AP, 11/19/07)

1919        Nov 19, The US Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles by a vote of 55 in favor to 39 against, short of the two-thirds majority needed for ratification.
    (AP, 11/19/97)
1919        Nov 19, Gillo Pontecorvo (d.2006) was born in Pisa, Italy. He one of 10 children of a wealthy Jewish industrialist and grew up to become a prominent film maker.
    (SFC, 10/14/06, p.B5)

1921        Nov 19, Roy Campanella, baseball star, was born.
    (HN, 11/19/98)

1923        Nov 19, Oklahoma Governor Walton was ousted by state senate for anti-Ku Klux Klan measures.
    (HN, 11/19/98)

1924        Nov 19, Sir Lee Stack, the Sirdar and Governor-General of the Sudan, was assassinated. This and subsequent British demands, which Egypt’s PM Zaghloul felt to be unacceptable, led Zaghloul to resign and to play no further role in government.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saad_Zaghloul)

1926        Nov 19, Trotsky and Zinoviev were expelled from Politburo in the USSR.
    (HN, 11/19/98)

1928        Nov 19, The 1st issue of Time magazine featured Japanese Emperor Hirohito on cover.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1930        Nov 19, Bob Mathias, decathlon athlete (Olympics-gold-48), was born in Tulare, Calif.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1931        Nov 19, Xu Zhimo (34), Chinese poet, was killed in a plane crash while flying from Nanjing to Beijing. He left behind four collections of verse and several volumes of translations from various languages. His poem “On Leaving Cambridge" made famous a willow tree on the ground’s of King’s College.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xu_Zhimo)(Econ, 12/18/10, p.114)

1932        Nov 19, Shaft and Thyssen demanded that Hitler become German chancellor.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1936        Nov 19, Dick Cavett, talk show host, was born Kearney, Neb.
    (MC, 11/19/01)
1936        Nov 19, German Luftwaffe bombed Madrid and continued bombing to Nov 23.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Madrid)

1938        Nov 19, Ted Turner, broadcasting mogul, owner of the Atlanta Braves, America's Cup winner, was born in Cincinnati.
    (www.infoplease.com)

1940        Nov 19, A German air raid on Birmingham failed.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1941        Nov 19, The ship HMAS Sydney was sunk off the west coast of Australia in a battle with the German raider Kormoran, with the loss of all 645 on board. The Kormoran also sank, but 318 of the German vessel's crew of 397 were rescued. The 9,500 ton Kormoran had been disguised as a Dutch merchant ship when it opened fire on the Sydney. The government banned all media from reporting the news for 12 days as it scrambled to explain what happened. In March, 2008, the wrecks of the Kormoran and the Sydney were found. In 2009 a military inquiry said Navy Capt. Joseph Burnett made "errors of judgment" in the tragedy.
    (AFP, 8/10/07)(AP, 3/16/08)(Reuters, 4/8/08)(AP, 11/19/08)(AP, 8/12/09)

1942        Nov 19, Calvin Klein, fashion designer (Calvin Klein Jeans, CK), was born in Bronx, NYC.
    (MC, 11/19/01)
1942        Nov 19, Sharon Olds, poet, was born. Her work included “The Dead and The Living" and “The Gold Cell."
    (HN, 11/19/00)
1942        Nov 19, Bruno Schulz (b.1892), Polish writer and graphic artist, was shot dead by a German officer, a rival of his German protector. In 1992 Theatre de Complicite created their play “The Street of Crocodiles" based on the life and work of Schulz.
    (Econ, 9/1/07, p.76)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruno_Schulz)
1942        Nov 19, During World War II, Russian forces launched their winter offensive against the Germans along the Don front. Soviet forces took the offensive at Stalingrad
    (AP, 11/19/97)(HN, 11/19/98)

1943        Nov 19, U-536 sank in Atlantic Ocean.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1947        Nov 19, A 200" mirror arrived at Mt. Palomar observatory.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1949        Nov 19, Ahmad Rashad, [Bobby Moore], NFL receiver (Minn Vikings) and sportscaster, was born.
    (MC, 11/19/01)
1949        Nov 19, James Ensor (b.1860), Belgian artist, died. His paintings included “"The Scandalized Masks" (1883), "Ensor and General Leman Discussing Painting" (1890), and “Skeletons Fighting Over a Pickled Herring" (1891).
    (WSJ, 6/5/01, p.A23)(Econ, 7/4/09, p.82)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Ensor)
1949        Nov 19, Prince Ranier III was crowned 30th Monarch of Monaco, six months after he succeeded his grandfather, Prince Louis the Second. Rainier III came to power and saw the future in banking, real estate and a more diverse economy with industries such as pharmaceuticals and plastics.
    (SFC, 1/8/97, p.C1)(HN, 11/19/98)(AP, 11/19/00)

1952        Nov 19, Scandinavian Airlines opened a commercial route from Canada to Europe.
    (HN, 11/19/98)

1953        Nov 19, US Supreme Court rules (7-2) that baseball is a sport not a business.
    (MC, 11/19/01)
1953        Nov 19, US VP Richard Nixon visited Hanoi in Vietnam.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1955        Nov 19, William F. Buckley Jr. (1925-2008) published the first issue of the National Review a conservative political journal. In 1995 its circulation reached 250,000. A biography of Buckley titled "William F. Buckley, Jr.: Patron Saint of the Conservatives" was written by John B. Judis in 1995.
    (WSJ, 11/10/95, p.A-14)(SFC, 2/28/08, p.A2)

1959        Nov 19, Ford Motor Co. announced it was halting production of the unpopular Edsel. Ford discontinued the Edsel after selling less than 110,000 cars.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(AP, 11/19/97)

1962        Nov 19, S.N. Behrman's "Lord Pengo," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/19/01)
1962        Nov 19, Fidel Castro accepted the removal of Soviet weapons.
    (MC, 11/19/01)

1967         Nov 19, In Vietnam, the Tiger Force, an elite US Army unit of the 101st Airborne Division, achieved their 327th kill. The unit had killed hundreds of civilians in Hanh Thien, a Central Highland area, over the last seven months. US Army Lt. Col. Gerald Morse had called for 327 kills to match the name of the 327th infantry regiment. In 2006 Michael Sallah and Mitch Weiss authored “Tiger Force: A True Story of Men and War." It was based on secret documents from Henry Tufts (d.2002), former head of the Army’s Criminal Investigations Command (CID).
    (AP, 10/25/03)(SSFC, 5/14/06, p.M1)

1968        Nov 19, In Mali a coup deposed Pres. Modibo Keita (1915-1977), the country’s first president.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modibo_Ke%C3%AFta)

1969        Nov 19, Apollo 12 astronauts Charles Conrad and Alan Bean made man's second landing on the moon and became the 3rd and 4th humans there.
    (AP, 11/19/97)(HN, 11/19/98)
1969        Nov 19, The Benny Hill Show premiered in Britain. It ran on Thames Television (ITV) from 1969-1989.
    (www.tv.com/the-benny-hill-show/show/3329/summary.html)

1972        Nov 19, Willy Brandt's SPD won West German elections. Willy Brandt was the 1st German chancellor to seek early elections via a vote of confidence.
    (http://tinyurl.com/bs7oe)(Econ, 6/11/05, p.49)

1973        Nov 19, Saudi Arabia, Libya and other Arab states proclaimed a total ban on oil exports to the United States. Gasoline prices quadrupled from twenty-five cents per gallon to over one dollar. The New York stock market took its sharpest drop in 19 years.
    (HN, 11/19/98)(www.bullnotbull.com/archive/market-01222006.html)

1975        Nov 19, Elizabeth Taylor (b.1912), English writer, died of cancer. Her work included 12 novels and 5 short story collections.
    (SFC, 7/25/06, p.E3)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0852331/)

1976        Nov 19, Patty Hearst was freed on $1.5 million bail. She returned to her family’s home at 1001 California St.
    (HN, 11/19/98)(SFC, 11/16/01, WB p.G4)
1976        Nov 19, George Harrison (1943-2001) released his album "Thirty Three & 1/3."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thirty_Three_%26_1/3)

1977        Nov 17, The "Elephant Man," by Bernard Pomerance (b.1940), premiered in London.
    (www.answers.com/topic/1977)

1977        Nov 19, The Libyan flag was adopted, after Libya left the Federation of Arabs Republic, which consisted of Libya, Egypt and Syria.
    (www.worldflags101.com/l/libya-flag.aspx)
1977        Nov 19, Egyptian Pres. Anwar Sadat became the first Arab leader to visit Israel. Peace talks began in the Middle East with Sadat going to Israel.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1977)(AP, 11/19/97)
1977        Nov 19, A cyclone and tidal wave hit Andhra Pradesh, India. Entire villages were submerged by tidal waves with an estimated 10-20 thousand people killed.
    (www.emergency-management.net/cyclone.htm)(SFC, 11/1/99, p.A11)(AP, 11/21/02)

1980        Nov 19, The film "Heaven's Gate," directed by Michael Cimino, was released.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0080855/)
1980        Nov 19, The musical “Dunbar" won the Best Musical of the Year at the Audelco Awards ceremony in NYC. It was based on poet Paul Laurence Dunbar.
    (SFC, 11/18/05, p.F2)
1980        Nov 19, CBS TV banned Calvin Klein's jean ad featuring Brooke Shields (b.1965).
    (http://nymag.com/nymetro/news/anniversary/35th/n_8554/)

1981        Nov 19, US Steel agreed to pay $6.3 million for Marathon Oil.
    (HN, 11/19/98)

1982        Nov 19, An antenna tower collapsed during construction in Missouri City, Texas, and 5 riggers were killed.
    (http://ethics.tamu.edu/ethics/tvtower/tv3.htm)

1983        Nov 19, Angela Bugay (5) was abducted in Antioch, Ca., [see Nov 26].
    (SFC, 5/29/02, p.A18)

1984        Nov 19, Near Mexico City, Mexico, 5 million liters of liquefied butane exploded at a storage facility killing some 500 people.
    (HSAB, 1994, p.46)(AP, 11/19/07)

1985        Nov 19, Herb Gardner's "I'm Not Rappaport," premiered in NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I'm_Not_Rappaport)
1985        Nov 19, President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev met for the first time as they began their summit in Geneva.
    (AP, 11/19/97)
1985        Nov 19, Stepin Fetchit (83), born as Lincoln Perry, 1st black film star, died of pneumonia. His films included “Miracle in Harlem" (1948). In 2005 Mel Watkins authored “Stepin Fetchit: The Life and Times of Lincoln Perry."
    (www.nndb.com/people/913/000091640/)

1987        Nov 19, Congressional budget negotiators finished all but the final details of a two-year, $75 billion deficit reduction pact, but not in time to avert spending cuts mandated by the Gramm-Rudman Act.
    (AP, 11/19/97)
1987        Nov 19, Christopher Wilmarth (b.1943), minimalist sculptor, died of suicide in Brooklyn. His work used glass, steel and bronze to explore translucency and the textural effects of the materials.
    (WSJ, 10/23/01, p.A24)(www.bettycuninghamgallery.com/CWexhibition.html)

1988        Nov 19, Michaela Joy Garecht (9) was kidnapped outside a market in Hayward, Ca., and has not been seen since.
    (www.geocities.com/farmgirl1032001/michaela_garecht.html)
1988        Nov 19, Shipping heiress Christina Onassis (37) died in Buenos Aires of pulmonary edema. Her 4th marriage to Thierry Roussel had recently broken up.
    (SFEC, 11/16/97, Par p.2)(AP, 11/19/98)
1988        Nov 19, Benazir Bhutto was elected Prime Minister of Pakistan.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)

1989        Nov 19, Funeral services were held in El Salvador for six Jesuit priests slain by uniformed gunmen.
    (AP, 11/19/99)

1990        Nov 19, The pop duo Milli Vanilli were stripped of their Grammy Award because other singers had lent their voices to the "Girl You Know It's True" album.
    (AP, 11/19/98)
1990        Nov 19, Leaders of 16 NATO members and the remaining six Warsaw Pact nations signed treaties in Paris making sweeping cuts in conventional arms throughout Europe and pledging non-aggression toward one another. The Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) was signed by the United States and 21 other NATO and WTO countries at a CSCE summit in Paris.
    (AP, 11/19/00)(www.fas.org/nuke/control/cfe/chron.htm)

1991        Nov 19, The U.S. House of Representatives sustained President Bush's veto of a bill that would have lifted his ban on federally financed abortion counseling.
    (AP, 11/19/01)

1992        Nov 19, President-elect Clinton paid a call on Congress.
    (AP, 11/19/97)
1992        Nov 19, President Bush's mother, Dorothy, died in Greenwich, Conn., at age 91.
    (AP, 11/19/97)

1993        Nov 19, President Clinton met in Seattle with Chinese President Jiang Zemin.
    (AP, 11/19/98)
1993        Nov 19, The U.S. Senate approved a sweeping $22.3 billion anti-crime measure.
    (AP, 11/19/98)
1993        Nov 19, Kenneth Burke (b.1897), American writer and critic, died. In 2005 David R. Godine/Black Sparrow published “Here & Elsewhere: The Collected Fiction of Kenneth Burke."
    (WSJ, 11/26/05, p.P10)(www.home.duq.edu/~thames/kennethburke/chrono2.htm)

1994        Nov 19, The U.N. Security Council, anxious to stop Serb attacks on the "safe area" of Bihac in northwest Bosnia, authorized NATO to bomb rebel Serb forces striking from neighboring Croatia.
    (AP, 11/19/99)
1994        Nov 19, Julian Symons (b.1912)), British detective writer (Death's Darkest Face), died.
    (http://neptune.spaceports.com/~queen/Whodunit__writers.html)

1995        Nov 19, The Clinton administration and Republican congressional leaders reached a deal to end a six-day budget standoff and resulting partial government shutdown.
    (AP, 11/19/00)
1995        Nov 19, A suicide bomber self-destructed in the Egyptian embassy in Islamabad and killed 15 others. 59 were wounded. Islamic militants opposed to the Cairo regime claimed responsibility.
    (WSJ, 11/20/95, p.A-1)(MC, 11/19/01)
1995        Nov 19, In Poland former Communist Alexander Kwasniewski won the presidency by a narrow margin over Pres. Walesa with 51.7% of the vote.
    (WSJ, 11/7/95, p.A-1)(WSJ, 11/21/95, p.A-1)

1996        Nov 19, The US voted alone against the other 14 members of the UN Security Council against the re-election of Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.C2s)(AP, 11/19/97)
1996        Nov 19, Robert Citron, former treasurer of Orange County, was sentenced to a year in jail and fined $100,000.
    (WSJ, 1/2/97, p.R2)
1996        Nov 19, A federal judge ruled in favor of CSX in its acquisition of Conrail.
    (WSJ, 1/2/97, p.R2)
1996        Nov 19, The space shuttle Columbia lifted off with the oldest crew member to date, 61-year-old Story Musgrave.
    (AP, 11/19/97)
1996        Nov 19, Fourteen people were killed when a commuter plane collided with a private plane at Baldwin Municipal Airport in Quincy, Ill.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.A4)(AP, 11/19/97)
1996        Nov 19, In Bosnia the Muslim-Croat government fired Deputy Defense Minister Hasan Cengic. His ties to Iran interfered with a $100 million US disbursement of arms. He was replaced by an executive order of Kresimir Zubak, president of the Muslim-Croat federation.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.C6)
1996        Nov 19, Two Israeli border policemen were arrested after a videotape showed them beating and kicking Palestinian laborers.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.C2)
1996        Nov 19, In Romania Victor Ciorbea, mayor of Bucharest, was named by the Peasant Party the next prime minister.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.C4)
1996        Nov 19, In Yugoslavia the Zajedno (Together) opposition coalition claimed victory in 44 municipalities across Serbia.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.C2)

1997        Nov 19, In Iowa seamstress Bobbi McCaughey gave birth to 4 boys and three girls, septuplets, the 2nd such birth in the US. She had used the fertility drug Pergonal.
    (SFC, 11/20/97, p.A1)(AP, 11/19/98)
1997        Nov 19, In Denver Oumar Dia, a black man, was gunned down at a bus stop, and a nurse, Jeannie Vanvelkinburgh, who tried to help him, was shot in the back and left paralyzed. One of 2 suspects was arrested and described himself as a skinhead and said that he shot Dia because he was black.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 19, The space shuttle Columbia zoomed into orbit on a two-week science mission.
    (SFC, 11/20/97, p.A8) (AP, 11/19/98)
1997        Nov 19, In Texas Michael Eugene Sharp became the 35th condemned killer to be put to death this year. He used the Internet to distribute his last words. He had abducted a woman and her 2 young daughters, sexually abused them, and fatally stabbed the mother and youngest daughter.
    (SFC, 11/20/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 19, 45,000 Canadian postal workers went on strike after Canada Post ordered staffing levels cut.
    (WSJ, 11/20/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 19, In India a car bomb exploded in Hyderabad at a gala kickoff for a new movie and 23 people were killed. Police suspected rivals of producer Paritala Ravi, who is also a lawmaker in Andhra Pradesh state.
    (SFC, 11/20/97, p.B7)
1997        Nov 19, In Israel a Jewish seminary student was killed and another wounded near the Damascus Gate in the Muslim quarter of Jerusalem’s walled Old City.
    (SFC, 11/20/97, p.B7)
1997        Nov 19, In Mexico members of the elite Zorro police unit protested the arrest of their comrades for the Sep 8 killing of 6 youths. They ended their standoff after 14 hours and allowed the questioning of 14 officers.
    (SFC, 11/20/97, p.B2)(SFC, 11/21/97, p.D6)
1997        Nov 19, Edmundo Tasinnari, head of the Mexico City anti-kidnapping unit, and Humberto Salgado, his deputy, were kidnapped with their driver. The driver was later found beaten and wandering in a daze.
    (SFC, 11/26/97, p.C5)
1997        Nov 19, In Taiwan Chen Chin-hsing surrendered to police after releasing his hostages in Taipei.
    (SFC, 11/20/97, p.B7)

1998        Nov 19, Pres. Clinton began a 5-day trip to Asia and in Japan suggested that current efforts to end an 8-year economic downturn may not be enough.
    (SFC, 11/20/98, p.A16)
1998        Nov 19, The US Air Force tested the Centurion flying wing, a 206-foot battery powered robotic craft. Solar panels were planned to replace the batteries.
    (SFC, 11/20/98, p.A7)
1998        Nov 19, Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr laid out his evidence for the impeachment hearings against Pres. Clinton. He defended his investigation under withering questions from Democrats, during a daylong appearance before the House Judiciary Committee.
    (SFC, 11/20/98, p.A1,3) (AP, 11/19/99)
1998        Nov 19, Alan Pakula (70), film director, was killed in a car crash on Long Island Expressway after a metal bar crashed through his windshield causing him to crash into a fence. He had made 23 movies, 4 as a writer, 18 as a producer, and 16 as a director.
    (SFC, 11/20/98, p.C10)(SFEC, 4/25/99, Par p.18)
1998        Nov 19, A Van Gogh self-portrait sold at auction for $71.5 million.
    (WSJ, 11/20/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 19, In Israel the Cabinet voted 7 to 5 to go ahead with a troop withdrawal from Palestinian land in the West Bank, and to free 250 Palestinian prisoners,
    (SFC, 11/20/98, p.A16)(WSJ, 11/20/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 19, Turkey arrested the head of the main legal Kurdish party.
    (WSJ, 11/20/98, p.A1)

1999        Nov 19, In Greece some 10,000 people demonstrated as Pres. Clinton rode through Athens under tight security and proclaimed a “profound and enduring friendship." The Greek government ran into a storm of opposition and media criticism for failing to prevent a rampage through Athens by leftists hostile to visiting President Clinton.
    (SFC, 11/20/99, p.A1)(Excite, 11/20/99)(AP, 11/19/00)
1999        Nov 19, In Bolivia a 5-day Conference of American Armies ended. Discussions centered on new roles for the Latin armies such as defending democracy, fighting poverty and eradicating drug smuggling.
    (SFC, 11/20/99, p.C1)
1999        Nov 19, In Germany officials announced an amnesty program for some 20,000 foreigners seeking asylum. A cut off date of Jul 1, 1993 was set for eligible families.
    (SFC, 11/20/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 19, In Ramallah, West Bank (Reuters), Israeli security forces fired tear gas and rubber-coated metal bullets at stone-throwing Palestinians demanding the release of Palestinian prisoners from Israel's jails.
    (Excite, 11/20/99)
1999        Nov 19, In Hyderabad, India (Reuters), an outbreak of Japanese encephalitis has killed 133 people, all of them children, in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, health officials said after reporting 10 new deaths.
    (Excite, 11/20/99)
1999        Nov 19, In Lahore, Pakistan (Reuters), an explosion ripped through a market in Lahore, the capital of Punjab province, on Saturday, killing at least three people and injuring 12, rescue workers said.
    (Excite, 11/20/99)
1999        Nov 19, In Turkey the 54-nation summit of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) closed with a treaty that restricted the number of tanks, planes and artillery of every army across Europe.
    (SFC, 11/20/99, p.A10)

2000        Nov 19, Pres. Clinton ended his historic 3-day visit to Vietnam.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/19/01)
2000        Nov 19, US negotiators at the Hague agreed to limit the use of forest projects to reach targets for green house gases at global warming talks aimed writing the fine print for the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A8)
2000        Nov 19, Attorney Charles Ruff, who represented President Clinton during the Monica Lewinsky scandal and his impeachment trial, died in Washington, D.C., at age 61.
    (AP, 11/19/01)
2000        Nov 19, In Austria 4 skiers died in avalanches in the Tyrol.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A10)
2000        Nov 19, In Chechnya 7 Russian soldiers were killed and 10 wounded in some 2 dozen attacks by Chechen rebels.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A10)
2000        Nov 19, In Colombia weekend clashes with leftist rebels left at least 28 dead.
    (WSJ, 11/20/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 19, India announced a 1-month unilateral cease-fire in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A9)
2000        Nov 19, Israeli troops killed a 14-year-old stone thrower in Gaza. One other Palestinian was killed and 9 wounded.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A8)
2000        Nov 19, In Jordan an Israeli envoy was wounded in an apparent assassination attempt.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A8)
2000        Nov 19, In Tokyo Peru’s Pres. Fujimori said he would resign within 48 hours.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A1)

2001        Nov 19, Barry Bonds became the first baseball player to win four Most Valuable Player Awards.
    (AP, 11/19/02)
2001        Nov 19, Pres. Bush signed airport security legislation that required programs for the inspection of air travel checked baggage within 60 days. "Safety comes first." It included a requirement for security screeners to be US citizens within a year.
    (SFC, 11/20/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/20/01, p.A1)(SFC, 1/18/02, p.A16)(SSFC, 12/7/03, p.D6)
2001        Nov 19, The United States accused Iraq and North Korea of developing germ warfare programs.
    (AP, 11/19/02)
2001        Nov 19, 4 foreign journalists and their Afghan guide were killed in an ambush between Jalalabad and Kabul: Harry Burton of Australia (Reuters), Azizullah Haidari, Afghan photographer (Reuters), Julio Fuentes of Spain (El Mundo, Madrid), and Maria Grazia Cutuli of Italy (Corriere della Sera, Milan). In 2004 Afghan judges sentenced Reza Khan to death for his role in the ambush. Khan said he was under orders from militia commander Mohammed Agha.
    (SFC, 11/20/01, p.A3)(SSFC, 11/21/04, p.A10)
2001        Nov 19, It was reported that 400 Afghan Taliban soldiers were killed while trying to defect last week. Gen. Dostum led Northern Alliance troops in the area. Defectors continued to stream out of Kunduz as US war planes continued to bomb Taliban positions.
    (SFC, 11/19/01, p.A1)(SFC, 5/1/02, p.A12)
2001        Nov 19, Some Taliban began secret negotiations for the surrender of Kandahar. They said outside forces had taken over their movement and named: the int’l. drug mafia, int’l. terrorists, the puritanical Wahabi school of Sunni Islam, and Pakistan intelligence.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 19, In Colombia the right-wing AUC militia said that it held 6 mayors hostage in Antioquia state. The mayors were released Nov 20.
    (SFC, 11/20/01, p.A17)
2001        Nov 19, Egypt and Syria confirmed the extradition of Rifai Ahmed Taha, a former aide to Osama bin Laden, from Syria to Egypt.
    (SFC, 11/20/01, p.A12)
2001        Nov 19, In the Philippines Moro rebels attacked the army near Jolo town. 4 soldiers were killed along with 51 rebels in a counterattack.
    (SFC, 11/20/01, p.A17)
2001        Nov 19, A Russian airliner crashed 90 miles north of Moscow and all 24 on board were killed. The Ilyushin-18 was chartered by Israero and was from the Siberian city of Khatanga.
    (WSJ, 11/20/01, p.A1)

2002        Nov 19, It was reported that Ruth Lilly (87), great-grandchild of pharmaceutical magnate Eli Lilly, had given Poetry Magazine, founded in Chicago in 1912, a $100 million endowment.
    (SFC, 11/19/02, p.A3)
2002        Nov 19, The US Senate voted 90-9 to create a Homeland Security Department.
    (AP, 11/19/02)
2002        Nov 19, The US Dept. of Energy awarded IBM a contract to develop a 100 teraflop computer (ASCI Purple), the estimated speed of the human brain. This followed the recent development of a Japanese NEC computer that was clocked at 36.5 teraflops, trillions of floating point operations a second, more than 4 times the fastest US computer. Completion was expected in 2004.
    (WSJ, 11/19/02, p.B1)
2002        Nov 19, It was reported that the Holland America cruise ship Amsterdam was in its 4th week of battling the Norwalk gastrointestinal virus.
    (WSJ, 11/19/02, p.B1)
2002        Nov 19, It was reported that Ken Thomson, billionaire media baron and Canada's richest man, will donate his C$300 million ($190 million) art collection to the Art Gallery of Ontario.
    (AP, 11/19/02)
2002        Nov 19, In Red Bluff, Ca., police officer David Mobilio (31) was shot to death at a gas station. On Nov 25 Andrew Hampton McCrae (23), an ex-soldier and drifter, posted a message on the Internet admitting the murder. On Nov 26 McCrae was arrested in Concord, NH.
    (SFC, 11/27/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 19, Singer Michael Jackson made an appearance outside his Berlin hotel and briefly held his youngest child, Prince Michael II, over a fourth-floor balcony in front of dozens of fans waiting below.
    (AP, 11/19/03)
2002        Nov 19, UN weapons inspectors wrapped up a two-day visit to Iraq.
    (AP, 11/19/03)
2002        Nov 19, Italian newspapers reported that the 'ndrangheta, the Calabrian version of the Sicilian Mafia, received 3 percent of the multimillion dollar contracts for work on stretches of the highway that passed through their "territory."
    (AP, 11/20/02)
2002        Nov 19, In Mozambique Manuel dos Santos Fernandes told Judge Augusto Paulino that he and two of his fellow accused had killed top investigative journalist Carlos Cardoso in return for a promise of $20,000 from President Joaquim Chissano's son Nhimpine.
    (AP, 11/20/02)
2002        Nov 19, Five Palestinians died when Israeli soldiers swept through the West Bank town of Tulkarem, one a leading militant and another a teenager who had climbed on top of an Israeli armored vehicle.
    (AP, 11/19/02)
2002        Nov 19, The Prestige oil tanker, carrying 20 million gallons of fuel oil, broke in two and sank in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Spain. It leaked up to 1.02 million gallons of oil and threatened a spill nearly twice as big as the Exxon Valdez in 1989. Leakage continued at some 33,000 gallons per day and could drain until 2006. Spain later put the estimated cost of the Prestige oil tanker spill at least $1.05 billion. In 2013 a judge acquitted crew members and a top maritime official of causing the massive oil spill. The Greek captain (78) of the Prestige was sentenced to nine months in prison for resisting attempts to tow the wreck away from shore before it spilled its load.
    (AP, 11/19/02)(WSJ, 12/11/02, p.A1)(AP, 1/15/03)(AP, 11/13/13)

2003        Nov 19, Shirley Hazzard won the US National Book Award for her novel "The Great Fire." The non-fiction prize went to Prof. Carlos Eire of Yale for "Waiting for Snow in Havana," a memoir of his family living under Castro in Cuba.
    (SFC, 11/20/03, p.A2)
2003        Nov 19, In London, Pres. Bush urged Europe to put aside bitter war disagreements with the US and work to build democracy in Iraq or risk turning the nation over to terrorists.
    (AP, 11/19/04)
2003        Nov 19, A US-Canadian investigation found that the Aug. 14 blackout should have been contained by operators at Ohio's FirstEnergy Corporation. Investigators also faulted Midwest regional monitors.
    (AP, 11/19/04)
2003        Nov 19, The 2-year-old Transportation Security Administration (TSA) held a banquet at the Grand Hyatt in Washington DC that cost $461,745 for some 600 honorees and as many guests.
    (SFC, 10/15/04, p.A7)
2003        Nov 19, An American guided missile frigate sailed into Ho Chi Minh City flying the US and Vietnamese flags, becoming the first US warship to dock in the communist country since the Vietnam War.
    (AP, 11/19/03)
2003        Nov 19, Rebel holdouts in Burundi clashed with government troops in a capital slum, killing 11 people, mainly noncombatants caught in the crossfire.
    (AP, 11/20/03)
2003        Nov 19, In Canada Justice Minister Martin Cauchon has ordered fugitive banker Rakesh Saxena to surrender to Thailand to face allegations that he looted a Bangkok bank.
    (AP, 11/19/03)
2003        Nov 19, In Ramadi, Iraq, a car bomb exploded late outside the home of a pro-American tribal leader, killing one child.
    (AP, 11/19/03)
2003        Nov 19, A Jordanian truck driver fired on a crowd of tourists crossing into Israel, killing one and wounding four, in an attack near the Red Sea resort of Eilat. The gunman was killed by Israeli security personnel.
    (AP, 11/19/03)
2003        Nov 19, South Africa said it would provide free AIDS drugs.
    (WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R12)
2003        Nov 19, Turkish authorities arrested six people in connection with the suicide bombings of two Istanbul synagogues.
    (AP, 11/19/03)

2004        Nov 19, Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan warned about spiraling deficits and the impact on the declining dollar. The Dow Jones fell 115 to 10456.9.
    (SFC, 11/20/04, p.C1)
2004        Nov 19, In Auburn Hills, Mich., players and fans exchanged punches in one of the worst NBA brawls ever. Indiana Pacers’ Ron Artest and Stephen Jackson charged into the stands and fought with fans and forced an early end to the Pacers' 97-82 win over the Pistons win with 45.9 seconds left.
    (AP, 11/20/04)
2004        Nov 19, Police in Abington, Pennsylvania, arrested Michael Cornelius Burke Jr. (38) for the assault and rape of 2 girls ages 10 & 13. In Apr 2006 Burke pleaded guilty but failed to show up for sentencing. In 2009 Burke was arrested in Mexico’s in central Veracruz state.
    (www.amw.com/fugitives/brief.cfm?id=66637)(AP, 12/9/09)
2004        Nov 19, Intel Corp., the world's largest computer chip maker, said it would spend $40 million to expand in the southern Indian city of Bangalore over the next two years.
    (AP, 11/19/04)
2004        Nov 19, Martin Edward Malia, historian and leading specialist on Russia who taught at the University of California, Berkeley, for more than three decades, died. “History’s Locomotives," his last book, was published posthumously in 2006.
    (www.berkeley.edu/news/media/releases/2004/11/23_malia.shtml)
2004        Nov 19, Terry Melcher (62), record producer and son of Doris Day, died. He co-wrote the Beach Boy song “Kokomo" and produced his mother’s “The Doris Day Show" (1968-1972).
    (SSFC, 11/21/04, p.A25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terry_Melcher)
2004        Nov 19, APEC, the Asia-Pacific Economic cooperation summit, opened in Chile.
    (Econ, 11/20/04, p.40)
2004        Nov 19, Cuba and Panama agreed to restore consular relations, taking a step toward renewal of full diplomatic ties at a meeting on the sidelines of an Ibero-American summit.
    (AP, 11/19/04)
2004        Nov 19, Iraqi forces, backed by US soldiers, stormed one of the major Sunni Muslim mosques in Baghdad after Friday prayers, opening fire and killing at least 3 people. A suicide car bomber rammed into a police patrol in Baghdad, killing one policeman.
    (AP, 11/19/04)
2004        Nov 19, Israel’s Yediot Ahronot newspaper published photos of Israeli soldiers posing with dead Palestinians. Allegations of abuse followed.
    (SFC, 11/20/04, p.A16)
2004        Nov 19, Myanmar's junta freed Student democracy leader Min Ko Naing, the nation's number two political prisoner, as part of a release of 3,937 inmates. After 15 years in jail he became head of the “88 Generation students’ Group."
    (AFP, 11/20/04)(Econ, 8/25/07, p.39)
2004        Nov 19, Rebel officials and the Sudanese government committed themselves to ending the 21-year civil war in southern Sudan before January, signing an agreement at a special meeting of the UN Security Council in Kenya.
    (AP, 11/19/04)
2004        Nov 19, UN Secretary General Kofi Annan urged leaders of Africa's blood-soaked Great Lakes region to implement a peace plan that could herald a "new era" for millions of Africans.
    (AP, 11/19/04)
2004        Nov 19, In Caracas a truck owned by a prosecutor pressing charges against supporters of Venezuela's failed 2002 coup exploded. Prosecutor Danilo Anderson was inside. In 2005 a court convicted 3 men in the murder of Anderson, who had been investigating opponents of Pres. Chavez and sentenced them to up to 30 years in prison. In 2008 Giovanny Vasquez, a star witness, recanted his testimony saying he testified against suspects after receiving $500,000 from a government official.
    (AP, 11/19/04)(AP, 12/21/05)(AP, 4/9/08)

2005        Nov 19, Bush and other Pacific Rim leaders in South Korea urged Europe to show new flexibility on farm subsidies, an issue that has stalled global trade negotiations. The 21 APEC leaders promised to boost cooperation on fighting terrorism and preparing for a possible flu pandemic. They endorsed a roadmap for lifting trade barriers across APEC member countries and launched an initiative to protect intellectual property.
    (AP, 11/19/05)(SFC, 11/19/05, p.A8)
2005        Nov 19, President Bush arrived in Beijing for talks with Chinese leaders following the APEC meeting in South Korea. A US official said China will buy 70 Boeing 737 airliners as President Bush arrived on a visit expected to include discussion of Beijing's surging trade surplus with the US.
    (AP, 11/19/05)(AP, 11/19/06)
2005        Nov 19, Tropical Storm Gamma deluged the coast of Central America.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2005        Nov 19, Thousands of people gathered in a Baku square as Azerbaijan's opposition parties protested against disputed parliamentary elections, the latest rally in a campaign that has made little headway.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 19, Brazil's president ordered the intelligence service to make dictatorship-era documents public by the end of the year.
    (AP, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 19, In Cairo, Egypt, Shiite and Kurdish delegates stormed out of an Iraqi reconciliation conference, halting the effort to patch over ethnic and religious fault lines threatening to drag the country into a full civil war.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 19, India and Pakistan opened their disputed border in Kashmir for the first time in 58 years, a temporary measure to allow divided families to check on each other after the region's devastating earthquake.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 19, A car bomb exploded among shoppers at an outdoor market in a mostly Shiite neighborhood in southeast Baghdad, killing 13 people and wounding about 20 others. A suicide bomber detonated his car in a crowd of Shiite mourners north of Baghdad, killing at least 50 people. 5 US soldiers were killed and 5 others were wounded in a pair of roadside bombings in northern Iraq. An ambush on a joint US-Iraqi patrol northwest of Baghdad left 15 civilians, 8 insurgents and a US Marine dead from a roadside bomb and the firefight that followed. It was later reported that Marines killed 24 civilians including women and children in retaliation for the death of a Marine in a roadside bombing in Haditha. In 2006 four Marines were charged with murder and 4 officers were charged with crimes related to their alleged failure to investigate and report the slayings. The four Marines charged with murder for the Haditha deaths were: Staff Sgt. Frank D. Wuterich; Sgt. Sanick P. Dela Cruz; Lance Cpl. Justin L. Sharratt; and Lance Cpl. Stephen B. Tatum. In 2007 murder charges were dropped against Dela Cruz after he agreed to provide testimony in the case. All charges against Sharratt and Stone were dropped on Aug 9. In 2008 charges of involuntary manslaughter against Tatum were dropped. In 2008 Charges against Lt. Col. Jeffrey Chessani, who was accused of failing to investigate the killings, were also dismissed. In 2012 Wuterich pleaded guilty to dereliction of duty and was sentenced to 3 months confinement. Under the plea deal he was discharged under honorable conditions.
    (AP, 11/20/05)(Econ, 6/3/06, p.27)(SFC, 12/22/06, p.A1)(AP, 1/6/07)(SFC, 4/18/07, p.A9)(SFC, 8/10/07, p.A7)(SFC, 3/29/08, p.A3)(WSJ, 6/18/08, p.A2)(SFC, 1/24/12, p.A4)(SFC, 2/22/12, p.A7)
2005        Nov 19, Iraqi and US forces raided a farmhouse in northern Iraq at dawn, searching for suspected members of al-Qaida in Iraq. Eight insurgents and four Iraqi policemen were killed. In Mosul 2 US soldiers were killed by small-arms fire.
    (AP, 11/19/05)(SFC, 11/23/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 19, Pope Benedict XVI and Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi discussed relations between the Catholic Church and Italy, amid accusations that the church interferes in the country's domestic affairs.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 19, It was reported that the Nipah virus, naturally found in bats, had moved to Malaysian pigs. It killed about 40% of the 265 people it had infected.
    (Econ, 11/19/05, p.85)
2005        Nov 19, Prince Albert II formally ascended to Monaco's throne in ceremonies that mixed royal pomp with an emotional remembrance for his late father, Rainier III.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 19, In Peru Fernando Zevallos, the founder of an airline that was Peru's largest until he landed on Washington's list of "drug kingpins," was arrested on cocaine trafficking and homicide charges.
    (AP, 11/19/05)
2005        Nov 19, Sudanese troops and rebels clashed in the western Darfur region clashed and a rebel group said 14 civilians and eight insurgents had been killed in the past 48 hours.
    (Reuters, 11/20/05)
2005        Nov 19, Pope Benedict XVI curbed the independence of Franciscan friars running the famed St. Francis Basilica in Assisi, decreeing they must now get permission for their activities from the local bishop.
    (AP, 11/20/05)

2006        Nov 19, President Bush in Vietnam sought Chinese President Hu Jintao's help on dual fronts, aiming to rein in North Korea's nuclear ambitions and encourage the Chinese people to buy more US goods. Pacific Rim leaders urged North Korea to take concrete steps to live up to its commitments to stop developing nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, Henry Kissinger, former US Secretary of State, said in a television interview that military victory is no longer possible in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, In Denver, Colorado, tens of thousands of people turned out for a celebration to welcome the city's newest addition to its mass transit system: a train. The new 19-mile-long commuter rail line, projected to carry at least 38,000 passengers each day, officially opened.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, Blackstone Group, a US private-equity firm, bid a record $36-billion, including debt, to buyout Equity Office Properties Trust.
    (www.chicagobusiness.com/cgi-bin/news.pl?id=22934)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.74)
2006        Nov 19, Nintendo's new Wii video game console debuted, the final entrant in the three-way scramble for dominance in the $30 billion global game market.
    (Reuters, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, Jeremy Slate (80), TV and film actor, died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 11/19/07)
2006        Nov 19, In Bolivia 6 governors of 9 departments announced a break with central government. The 2 main opposition parties walked out of the Senate, leaving it inquorate. The governors opposed moves by Pres. Morales to centralize power, a bill to scrutinize governors’ accounts, and details of voting power of a new Constituent Assembly.
    (Econ, 11/25/06, p.38)
2006        Nov 19, Fellow dissidents said Col. Alexander Litvinenko, a former KGB and Federal Security Service (FSB) poisoned in Britain and now gravely ill and under guard in the hospital, may have been targeted for his outspoken criticism of former colleagues in Moscow. He accused his country's secret service agency of staging apartment-house bombings in 1999 that killed more than 300 people in Russia and sparked the second war in Chechnya.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, British PM Tony Blair acknowledged the West had changed strategy in the fight against terrorism, telling Pakistan's president that brokering a broad Mideast peace deal was now as crucial as using force to battle militants.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, India successfully test-fired a medium-range nuclear-capable missile, days after its rival Pakistan launched a similar missile.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, Iran’s official Islamic Republic News Agency reported that President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has demanded more ties with North Korea and urged for nuclear disarmament in Korean peninsula.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, In Iraq Syria's foreign minister called for a timetable for the withdrawal of American forces to help end Iraq's sectarian bloodbath, in a groundbreaking diplomatic mission that came amid increasing calls for the US to seek cooperation from Syria and Iran. A suicide bomber in a minivan lured day laborers to his vehicle with promises of a job then blew it up, killing 22 people and wounding 44 in the mainly Shiite southern city of Hillah. At least 112 people were killed nationwide.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, An Israeli aircraft fired a missile at a car traveling in Gaza City, wounding 6 people, including two Hamas militants. Militants from the ruling Islamic group Hamas fired two rockets from the Gaza Strip at the Israeli town of Sderot. Israel canceled airstrikes on the houses of Gaza militants after Palestinians formed human shields around them.
    (AP, 11/19/06)(WSJ, 11/20/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 19, Japan's PM Shinzo Abe, fresh after his first Asia-Pacific summit, kicked off his official visit to Vietnam as business chiefs unveiled plans to invest more than 700 million dollars.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, In Lebanon Sheik Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah's leader, urged his followers to prepare for mass demonstrations to topple the government if it ignores the militant group's demand to form a national unity coalition.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, Mauritanians voted for a national parliament in the first election since a military junta seized control in 2005.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, In Mexico a public defender died of his injuries after being shot by inmates who took a group of lawyers hostage near the central Mexican city of Morelia, bringing the death toll in the incident to five.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 19, Mexican Gen. Francisco Quiros, imprisoned for drug trafficking and implicated in the disappearance of leftists during Mexico's "dirty war," died from cancer. In 2005 a judge ordered Quiros arrested for the 1974 kidnapping of singer Rosendo Radilla, who disappeared after being seized by soldiers at a roadblock.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 19, In northeastern Nicaragua a giant tree fell on an evangelical church while Rev. Larry Wayne Poll (64), an American pastor, was delivering his sermon, killing 11 people including the clergyman.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 19, In Pakistan the decapitated body of Maulana Hashim Khan (45) was found. Militants had beheaded the Islamic school teacher, accusing him of spying for the US in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, Lima's mayor Luis Castaneda was returned to office in nationwide regional elections expected to give major gains to independents as Peruvians shunned traditional political parties.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 19, Russia and the US signed a key trade agreement, removing the last major obstacle in Moscow's 13-year journey to join the World Trade Organization.
    (AP, 11/19/06)
2006        Nov 19, It was reported that Terracom was building a fiber optic network throughout Rwanda’s 11,000 square miles. An Internet connection in Kigali was now available for $70 per month, down from $1500 5 years ago.
    (SSFC, 11/19/06, p.G6)
2006        Nov 19, In Somalia Islamic fighters used land mines and ambushed an 80-vehicle Ethiopian military convoy headed to Baidoa killing 6 soldiers and injuring 20.
    (SFC, 11/20/06, p.A3)
2006        Nov 19, Darfur rebels said the Sudanese government has launched a major offensive in North Darfur despite an agreement to hold new talks among all parties to the conflict.
    (AP, 11/19/06)\
2006        Nov 19, Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe left on a four-day state visit to Iran to beef up trade and political ties.
    (AP, 11/20/06)

2007        Nov 19, President Bush announced that Fran Townsend, the leading White House-based terrorism adviser, was stepping down.
    (AP, 11/19/08)
2007        Nov 19, The US and Russia announced an agreement on how to safely dispose 34 metric tons of Russian weapons-grade plutonium.
    (SFC, 11/20/07, p.A11)
2007        Nov 19, Researchers said the number of Americans in prison has risen eight-fold since 1970, with little impact on crime but at great cost to taxpayers and society. This was part of a report produced by the JFA Institute, a Washington criminal-justice research group, calling for a major justice-system overhaul.
    (Reuters, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 19, California Sec. of State Debra Bowen sued Election Systems and Software, a Nebraska voting machine company, for allegedly selling nearly 1,000 uncertified machines to San Francisco and 4 other counties. Bowen sought reimbursements of nearly $15 million.
    (SFC, 11/20/07, p.D1)
2007        Nov 19, Amazon.com began selling its Kindle electronic book reader, the size of a paperback, for $399. It was able to hold 200 volumes.
    (WSJ, 11/20/07, p.B1)(Econ, 10/25/08, SR p.11)
2007        Nov 19, The FBI reported hate crime incidents rose nearly 8 percent in 2006.
    (AP, 11/19/08)
2007        Nov 19, Milo Radulovich (81), the Air Force Reserve lieutenant championed by CBS newsman Edward R. Murrow when the military threatened to decommission him during the anti-communist crackdown of the 1950s, died in Vallejo, Calif.
    (AP, 11/19/08)
2007        Nov 19, Actor Dick Wilson (91), who played the fussy, mustachioed grocer who told customers, "Please, don't squeeze the Charmin," died in Woodland Hills, Calif.
    (AP, 11/19/08)
2007        Nov 19, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck outside a governor's residence, killing six policemen and wounding 14 people in southwestern Nimroz province. Gov. Ghulam Dastagir Azad said his son was among those killed.
    (AP, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 19, The death toll from the Nov 15 cyclone in Bangladesh passed 3,100, and officials said that number could reach 10,000 once rescuers get to outlying islands.
    (AP, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 19, In Cambodia a UN-backed tribunal arrested Khieu Samphan (76), the former Khmer Rouge head of state. He was the fifth senior official of the brutal regime to be rounded up ahead of a long-delayed genocide trial. In his book "Reflection on Cambodian History Up to the Era of Democratic Kampuchea," which was released last week, Khieu Samphan says the Khmer Rouge only wanted what was best for Cambodia.
    (AP, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 19, It was reported that Chinese regulators in recent weeks have ordered commercial banks to freeze lending through the end of the year. PM Wen Jiabao acknowledged that vast amounts of currency were flowing out of China through illegal channels. This followed the recent arrest of To Ling (43), a Hong Kong resident, whose black market foreign exchange business handled transactions worth more than $1 million a day.
    (WSJ, 11/19/07, p.A1)(Econ, 11/24/07, p.78)
2007        Nov 19, In France a "large majority" of rail workers voted to keep up the train strike.
    (AP, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 19, In Iraq 3 officers were killed in an ambush on their checkpoint northeast of Baghdad. Ten people, most of them women and children, were wounded when a car bomb exploded in front of a police officer's house farther north in Albu-Jawari village, on the northern outskirts of Beiji. Muntadhar al-Zaidi (28), an Iraqi television reporter who was kidnapped in Baghdad last week, was freed. In Baghdad a convoy belonging to Almco, a US-contracted Dubai firm, was involved in a shooting that left a woman wounded. Iraqi troops detained 43 contract workers.
    (AP, 11/19/07)(SFC, 11/20/07, p.A15)
2007        Nov 19, The Israeli Cabinet approved the release of 441 Palestinian prisoners in a gesture to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, but stopped short of US demands to halt West Bank settlement construction before a crucial Mideast conference.
    (AP, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 19, International Mideast envoy Tony Blair announced four economic projects designed to create thousands of jobs for Palestinians and bolster peace efforts with Israel.
    (AP, 11/20/07)
2007        Nov 19, Pakistan’s Supreme Court, hand-picked by President Gen. Pervez Musharraf, swiftly dismissed legal challenges to his continued rule, opening the way for him to serve another five-year term, this time solely as a civilian president.
    (AP, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 19, Uzbekistan's electoral commission said Pres. Karimov (69) has registered as a candidate in next month's election, even though the constitution bars him from seeking a third consecutive term.
    (AP, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 19, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez made his fourth trip to Iran in two years, as the two countries sought to strengthen ties while their leaders exhort the international community to resist US policies.
    (AP, 11/19/07)
2007        Nov 19, President Robert Mugabe's government published a draft bill forcing mining firms to transfer majority shareholdings to local owners, including giving the Zimbabwe government a free 25 percent stake.
    (AP, 11/19/07)

2008        Nov 19, FBI agent Sam Hicks was shot and killed while serving a warrant at a home near Pittsburgh, during a roundup of drug suspects in the greater Pittsburgh area. Christina Korbe was charged with homicide. Her husband, Robert Korbe, was one of 35 people charged in a 27-count drug-trafficking indictment.
    (AP, 11/19/08)(SFC, 11/20/08, p.A4)
2008        Nov 19, The US DJIA fell to levels not seen since 2003. the DJIA closed down 427.47 at 7,997.28.
    (SFC, 11/20/08, p.C1)
2008        Nov 19, In NYC the Triborough Bridge was renamed the Robert F. Kennedy Bridge.
    (SFC, 11/20/08, p.A4)
2008        Nov 19, The US Coast Guard suspended its search for roughly 90 migrants feared dead after their makeshift boat apparently sank in an often-stormy stretch of water between the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico. The boat left the southeastern Dominican Republic on the night of Nov 12 and a woman whose boyfriend was on the boat alerted authorities that it was missing on Nov 16.
    (AP, 11/19/08)
2008        Nov 19, The New Jersey Office of the Attorney General said online dating service eHarmony has agreed to create a new website for gays and lesbians as part of a settlement with a gay man in New Jersey.
    (Reuters, 11/19/08)
2008        Nov 19, California state and federal officials said they have seized 5.2 million marijuana plants from public and private land during this year’s growing season, half of which were grown in California.
    (SFC, 11/20/08, p.B8)
2008        Nov 19, NASA flight controllers were revamping plans for the remaining spacewalks planned during space shuttle Endeavour's visit to the international space station, after astronaut Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper lost a crucial tool bag floating out to space during a repair trip. NASA put the value of the tools at $100,000.
    (AP, 11/19/08)(SFC, 11/20/08, p.A2)
2008        Nov 19, In Miami, Florida, police arrived to find Abraham Biggs (19) dead in his father's bed 12 hours after the Broward College student first declared on a Web site that he hated himself and planned to die. It was only then that the Web feed stopped. Some users told investigators they did not take him seriously because he had threatened suicide on the site before.
    (AP, 11/22/08)
2008        Nov 19, John Hayes, Hollywood screenwriter, died in New Hampshire. His work included “Peyton Place" (1957) and Alfred Hitchcock’s classic “Rear Window" (1954).
    (SFC, 11/25/08, p.B4)
2008        Nov 19, The British government announced plans to make it illegal to pay for sex with women forced into prostitution and to name men who solicit sex on the streets, measures that prostitutes say will put more women at risk.
    (AP, 11/19/08)
2008        Nov 19, Chinese President Hu Jintao promised Cuba at least $78 million in donations, credit and hurricane relief. Hu also met with a thin-looking Fidel Castro before leaving for the Asia-Pacific economic summit in Peru. China agreed to donate $8 million to Cuba and extend the second, $70 million phase of $350 million in previously agreed-upon credit to renovate Cuban hospitals.
    (AP, 11/19/08)
2008        Nov 19, China and Peru signed a free trade agreement.
    (Econ, 11/29/08, p.42)
2008        Nov 19, In China Huang Guangyu, founder and chairman of GOME Electrical Appliances, was detained for insider trading in shares of Shandong Jintai Group, a pharmaceutical company controlled by his brother. On Feb 12, 2010, authorities announced charges of insider trading and bribery.
    (Econ, 11/29/08, p.69)(Econ, 2/20/10, p.64)
2008        Nov 19, Georgia and Russia held their first major, mediated talks since their August war.
    (WSJ, 11/20/08, p.A1)
2008        Nov 19, Germany extradited to France Rose Kabuye (47), chief of protocol to Rwandan President Paul Kagame, over an assassination triggering the 1994 genocide, amid mass anti-European protests in Kigali. Some European investigators feared that Kabuye deliberately delivered herself to German authorities so her lawyers could gain access to the case files prepared against her and other Kagame allies.
    (AFP, 11/19/08)
2008        Nov 19, Germany chemical company BASF SE said it is temporarily closing 80 plants worldwide due to slumping demand and cutting production at 100 more, including facilities in Texas and Louisiana. Some 20,000 workers are affected.
    (AP, 11/19/08)
2008        Nov 19, In Haiti Max Cosci of Doctors Without Borders said at least 26 children had died over a two-week period in the remote, southeastern area of Baie d'Orange. The UN World Food Program says it is sending medical and food aid to the region.
    (AP, 11/20/08)
2008        Nov 19, The IMF approved a two-year, $2.1 billion support program for Iceland designed to restore confidence and stabilize the country's shattered economy.
    (AP, 11/20/08)
2008        Nov 19, Iran's official news agency said Iranian border guards have killed several Kurdish separatists in a shootout in the western part of the country. The gunmen were said to be part of the Kurdish separatist group, known as the PEJAK, the Iranian wing of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).
    (AP, 11/19/08)
2008        Nov 19, A court in military-ruled Myanmar sentenced a student activist to 6 1/2 years in jail, a week after his father received a 65-year prison term for his own political activities and a decade after his grandfather died in custody. Di Nyein Lin was one of three student activists sentenced by a court in a suburb of Yangon for various offenses, including causing public alarm and insulting religion.
    (AP, 11/20/08)
2008        Nov 19, In Pakistan gunmen shot and killed Ameer Faisal Alvi, a retired Pakistani army general, and his driver on the outskirts of capital, Islamabad. Alvi had led military operations against insurgents in the tribal regions. A suspected American missile bombarded a village in Bannu district, deep inside Pakistani territory, marking what appears to be the first time the US has struck beyond the tribal belt bordering Afghanistan. Six alleged militants were killed including Abdullah Azam al-Saudi, a senior member of Osama bin Laden's terror network.
    (AP, 11/19/08)(AFP, 11/19/08)
2008        Nov 19, Philippine health officials said at least two people have died and more than 1,500 are in hospital following a suspected outbreak of cholera in the southern Philippines.
    (AFP, 11/19/08)
2008        Nov 19, Vladimir Kuznetsov, a former UN diplomat convicted in the US of money laundering and fraud, arrived in Moscow and will serve the last 16 months of his sentence in a Russian prison. Kuznetsov once chaired the UN's powerful budget oversight committee.
    (AP, 11/19/08)
2008        Nov 19, Spanish doctors reported the successful transplant to a woman of a new windpipe with tissue grown from her own stem cells, eliminating the need for anti-rejection drugs.
    (AP, 11/18/08)
2008        Nov 19, The UN asked for $7 billion (5.5 billion euros) to fund its humanitarian work around the world in 2009, almost double last year's appeal as a result of soaring food prices and crises in Africa, among other factors. The UN's food agency will slim down its bureaucracy, work to cut costs and make investments that will improve efficiency as part of a reform plan adopted by member nations.
    (AP, 11/19/08)
2008        Nov 19, The World Food Program said that it has signed a new food aid deal to allow the UN agency to provide 350,000 tons of grain to millions in Zimbabwe.
    (AFP, 11/19/08)

2009        Nov 19, In Las Vegas Manny Pacquiao of the Philippines demolished Puerto Rican Miguel Cotto to become the only man in history to win seven titles in as many weight classes.
    (AFP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 19, A US congressional advisory panel said that Chinese spies are aggressively stealing American secrets to use in building Beijing's military and economic strength.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, US air travelers scrambled to revise their travel plans after an FAA computer glitch caused widespread cancellations and delays for the second time in 15 months.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, California Attorney General Jerry Brown issued an opinion that the salaries of legislators and other elected officials can be cut in the middle of their terms. The decision was expected to save the state $2.8 million next year. UC regents passed a 32% tuition increase despite protests by angry students.
    (SFC, 11/20/09, p.C1)(SFC, 11/20/09, p.C2)
2009        Nov 19, In San Francisco former McKesson Corp. Chairman Charles McCall was convicted by a federal jury of 5 felonies for inflating the revenues of HBO & Co., a medical software company, before McKesson acquired it for $13.9 billion in January 1999.
    (www.nytimes.com/2009/11/20/business/20fraud.html)(SFC, 6/19/12, p.D1)
2009        Nov 19, In Silicon Valley, California, the Tech Awards, a humanitarian program recognizing technological solutions aimed at worldwide challenges, honored 5 winners for their work in the environment, economic development, education, equality and health.
    (SFC, 11/20/09, p.D1)
2009        Nov 19, Google unveiled its new Chrome operating system for an always-connected netbook.
    (SFC, 11/20/09, p.D1)
2009        Nov 19, US bank J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. said it has bought full control of J.P. Morgan Cazenove in a 1 billion pound ($1.67 billion) deal with its joint venture partner, the venerable London financial house Cazenove Group Ltd.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, Tim Lincecum (25) of the San Francisco giants won the Cy Young Award, baseball’s highest honor for pitching, for a 2nd consecutive season. He apologized for his Oct 30 arrest for marijuana possession. He had already agreed to a plea deal and a $250 fine for the 3.3 grams of marijuana found during a stop for speeding just north of the Oregon state line.
    (SFC, 11/20/09, p.A1)
2009        Nov 19, Texas executed Robert Lee Thompson (34), for his role in a fatal store holdup 13 years earlier. Triggerman Sammy Butler had gunned store clerk Mansoor Bhai Rahim but received a life sentence. Thompson was the 23 inmate executed in Texas this year.
    (SFC, 11/20/09, p.A7)
2009        Nov 19, Afghan President Hamid Karzai pledged in his inauguration speech that Afghanistan will prosecute corrupt officials and control its own security within five years. A suicide bomber targeting an Afghan security forces convoy in Uruzgan province killed 10 civilians and wounded another 13. Two US service members were killed in an explosion in Zabul province.
    (AP, 11/19/09)   
2009        Nov 19, Herman Van Rompuy, Belgium's Prime Minister and former economist, was named the European Union's first permanent President. Baroness Catherine Ashton, Britain's European Commissioner, was appointed as the EU’s Foreign Minister-designate, with the unwieldy title of High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, Bolivian police busted five cocaine labs and arrested two people in a remote Indian village after a confrontation in which an officer was shot.
    (AP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 19, The European Commission signed a 677 million euro (one billion dollar) deal in Brussels to help Nigeria tackle challenges in its restive oil-producing region, promoting peace.
    (AFP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 19, An Ethiopian court convicted 26 people who were accused of taking part in an alleged coup plot earlier this year and acquitted five others.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, In France South Korean model Daul Kim (20), a fashion week regular in New York, Milan and Paris, was been found hanged in her Paris apartment.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 19, In India thousands of sugar cane farmers staged a massive demonstration in New Delhi, halting traffic as they demanded higher prices for the crop.
    (AFP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, In eastern India a passenger train derailed after Maoist rebels blew up a key track in Jharkhand state, killing two people and injuring at least 30 others.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 19, Israeli aircraft struck a weapons-manufacturing facility and two smuggling tunnels in the southern Gaza Strip, in response to recent rocket attacks on Israel.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, Four whaling ships left Japan for a five-month hunt in the Southern Ocean, using a loophole in an international moratorium that allows their killing for lethal "research."
    (AFP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 19, From Lebanon the militant Hezbollah group said that Sheik Hassan Nasrallah has been re-elected as the group's leader for a sixth term.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a courthouse in Peshawar, killing 19 people. The bomb explosion occurred hours after missiles fired from a suspected US drone killed three suspected militants in Shana Khuwara village in North Waziristan. 5 Pakistani troops and six militants were killed in a gunbattle at a security outpost to the north in the Bajur tribal region.
    (AP, 11/19/09)(AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 19, Peruvian police said a gang in the Peruvian jungle has been killing people and draining fat from the corpses to sell on the black market for use in cosmetics, although medical experts say they doubt a major market for fat exists.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 19, Russia's Constitutional Court effectively outlawed the death penalty, saying a moratorium on capital punishment should remain in force until the nation fully bans executions.
    (AP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, In Russia a gunman killed Rev. Daniil Sysoyev, a Russian Orthodox priest, in his Moscow church and seriously wounded the reverend's assistant.
    (AP, 11/20/09)
2009        Nov 19, In South Korea President Barack Obama said a US envoy would visit North Korea early next month, as he joined South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak in urging the communist state back to nuclear talks.
    (AFP, 11/19/09)
2009        Nov 19, Venezuelan authorities captured Magally Moreno (39), a former Colombian official, wanted for collaborating with outlawed right-wing paramilitary fighters. Moreno was wanted by Colombian authorities on charges of aggravated homicide and Interpol had called for her arrest.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 19, Zimbabwe’s government said security forces have started withdrawing from the country's eastern diamond fields to meet Kimberley Process reforms over human rights abuses.
    (AFP, 11/19/09)

2010        Nov 19, The opera “Billy Blythe" opened in Little Rock, Arkansas. It was created by Bonnie Montgomery and Britt Barber and focused on one day in the life of teenager and later US Pres. Bill Clinton.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.41)
2010        Nov 19, US President Barack Obama lifted a ban on US aid and government assistance for Sudan to allow computers to be exported into the country ahead of a key referendum.
    (AFP, 11/20/10)
2010        Nov 19, Jack Camp (67), a federal judge in Atlanta, pleaded guilty to two drug related charges. He had been arrested on charges that he bought and used drugs with a stripper.
    (SFC, 11/20/10, p.A5)
2010        Nov 19, In Maryland Corey Ausby (16) was beaten while walking through a Baltimore neighborhood. In 2012 a trial opened for brothers Eliyahu (24) and Avi Werdesheim (21). Charging documents said they pulled up next to the black teenager in a vehicle, then got out and "surrounded him." The passenger threw the teen to the ground and the driver hit him in the head with a hand-held radio and patted him down. On May 3 Eliyahu was convicted of false imprisonment and 2nd degree assault. His brother was acquitted.
    (AP, 4/23/12)(SFC, 5/4/12, p.A7)
2010        Nov 19, NYC officials said over 10,000 workers, exposed to toxic dust following the 9/11 fall of the world Trade Center, have ended a legal fight with the city and joined a settlement worth at least $625 million.
    (SFC, 11/20/10, p.A5)
2010        Nov 19, Texas businessman Samir Mahmoud Itani (51), head of American Grocers ltd., agreed to pay $15 million to settle allegations of defrauding the government by selling old relabeled food to the military to supply soldiers in Iraq.
    (SFC, 11/20/10, p.A5)
2010        Nov 19, In California PG&E announced that it is prepared to buy homes and farms in the Mohave Desert town of Hinkley threatened by chromium 6 laced groundwater.
    (SFC, 11/20/10, p.A1)
2010        Nov 19, The Los Angeles Auto Show opened. Fiat, now associated with Chrysler, introduced its tiny Fiat 500. Fiat sales in America would begin in January, following a 27-year absence.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.69)
2010        Nov 19, In southern Afghanistan a NATO soldier was killed in a bomb attack as leaders met in Portugal to determine the future of the alliance's mission.  ISAF reported the capture of a leader from the hardline, Pakistan-based Haqqani network in eastern Khost province. In Baghlan a joint force targeted a series of compounds and captured another key Haqqani figure, who served as a liaison between the network and Taliban operatives in northern Afghanistan. Six of his associates were taken into custody as well. In Kunar province ISAF troops killed three civilians and wounded four others during fighting with militants.
    (AP, 11/19/10)(AFP, 11/20/10)
2010        Nov 19, China ordered lenders to lock up more of their money at the central bank for the second time in two weeks, stepping up its battle to pull excess cash out of the economy before inflation has a chance to take off.
    (Reuters, 11/19/10)
2010        Nov 19, In Egypt at least 100 members of the opposition Muslim Brotherhood were arrested across the country less than 10 days ahead of legislative elections.
    (AFP, 11/19/10)
2010        Nov 19, French Pres. Sarkozy, infuriated by reports linking him to an investigation into possible kickbacks to French politicians in the 1990s, lashed out “off the record" at a journalist in Lisbon and said he could just as easily accuse him of being a pedophile.
    (AP, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 19, Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said that an inquiry will be launched into a female migrant's suspicious death in Saudi Arabia. Kikim Komalasari, who had worked in Abha city in Saudi Arabia since June 2009, had died from abuse. She was from Cianjur in West Java province.
    (AFP, 11/19/10)
2010        Nov 19, In Iraq 4 Jordanians of Palestinian origin from Zarqa were killed while fighting American troops. The men were all in their 20s and 30s and with the exception of one, had served jail terms in Jordan for plotting anti-American terror attacks.
    (AP, 12/22/10)
2010        Nov 19, Israel's military condemned the publication of names and photographs of 200 Israeli soldiers on a website that called them "war criminals." It was put up earlier this week by anonymous activists in Britain and hosted by a US-based Web service, which took it down by today citing "breach of terms." Militants in Gaza fired rockets at southern Israel, causing no casualties. Retaliatory Israeli air strikes wounded five.
    (AP, 11/19/10)
2010        Nov 19, In Mexico the bodies of two men were found hanging from the Los Alamos bridge in Tijuana.
    (AP, 11/19/10)
2010        Nov 19, NATO leaders began a 2-day meeting in Portugal. A top official said it will start drawing down its troops in Afghanistan next July and its combat role in the war-torn nation will end by 2014 or earlier so security can be turned over to the Afghans. NATO leaders planned to approve a new 10-year vision for NATO.
    (AP, 11/19/10)(Reuters, 11/19/10)
2010        Nov 19, In New Zealand an explosion ripped through the country’s largest coal mine with about 30 people underground. Five workers, dazed and slightly injured, stumbled to the surface, while 29 were missing. Fears over poisonous and combustible gases were preventing rescuers from entering the mine.
    (AP, 11/19/10)(AP, 11/20/10)
2010        Nov 19, The Nigerian army arrested a militant leader and 62 of his followers suspected of involvement in a string of recent kidnappings of oil workers, including foreigners. Gunmen suspected of being members of Boko Haram, an Islamist sect behind a deadly uprising last year, shot dead three worshippers at a mosque in the northern city of Maiduguri.
    (AFP, 11/20/10)
2010        Nov 19, In Pakistan suspected US missiles destroyed a moving vehicle in North Waziristan, killing four alleged militants inside it.
    (AP, 11/19/10)
2010        Nov 19, In the Republic of Congo 8 countries signed a convention to limit the spread of weapons in central Africa, but three countries opted out. The Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Chad, Angola, Sao Tome and Principe, Central African Republic and Cameroon all signed. Burundi, Equatorial Guinea and Rwanda did not sign.
    (AFP, 11/20/10)
2010        Nov 19, Thai police found the remains of almost 1,700 illegally aborted fetuses hidden at a Buddhist temple in Bangkok as the full extent of the grisly discovery emerged. Thousands of anti-government demonstrators took to the streets of Bangkok, peacefully marking the six-month anniversary of the military's crackdown on their protest.
    (AFP, 11/19/10)(AP, 11/19/10)
2010        Nov 19, A UN General Assembly committee passed resolutions condemning human rights violations in Iran, North Korea and Myanmar, provoking a furious reaction from their delegations. The committee passed the resolution by 80 votes to 44, with 57 abstentions.
    (AFP, 11/19/10)
2010        Nov 19, The world's cardinals met at the Vatican to discuss religious freedom, sex abuse by clergy and other issues amid a new dispute with China over an illicit ordination that threatens delicate relations between the two.
    (AP, 11/19/10)

2011        Nov 19, Jose Pimentel (27), a Muslim convert and al-Qaida sympathizer, was arrested for allegedly making bombs in New York City. He was inspired by radical cleric Anwar Awlaki and was allegedly plotting to attack US servicemen and police officers.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 19, Thousands of people gathered at the Wisconsin capitol to demand a recall of Republican Governor Scott Walker, whose controversial and successful drive to limit public unions last winter sparked the biggest protests in the state since the Vietnam War.
    (Reuters, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 19, I. Michael Heyman (81), former chancellor of UC Berkeley (1980-1990) and former head of the Smithsonian Institute (1994-1999), died in Berkeley.
    (SFC, 11/22/11, p.C4)
2011        Nov 19, Robert Champion (26), a Florida A&M drum major, died after he was beaten to death on a bus by fellow students in a hazing ritual. On May 2, 2012, thirteen students were charged with felony and misdemeanor offenses related to his death. On Sep 18, 2015, Florida A&M settled  a wrongful death suit for $1.1 million and an apology.
    (SFC, 5/3/12, p.A6)(SFC, 9/18/15, p.A5)
2011        Nov 19, A traditional Afghan national assembly endorsed President Hamid Karzai's decision to negotiate a long-term security pact with the US but imposed some conditions, including an end to unpopular night raids by military forces searching for insurgents.
    (AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 19, Azeri snipers fired into the disputed breakaway enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh killing one Armenian soldier. A 2nd soldier was killed the next day.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 19, In Bahrain Ali Youssef Bagdar (16) died in the early morning after a police vehicle ran him over during a demonstration in the Juffair area of Manama. Dozens were wounded when security forces attacked a funeral procession for the 16-year-old boy.
    (AP, 11/19/11)(AP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 19, In Benin Pope Benedict XVI called on Africa's leaders to stop depriving their people of hope and to govern responsibly, just hours before he planned to unveil an 87-page pastoral guide for the continent.
    (AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 19, In Bhutan a Climate Summit for a Living Himalayas was held in Bhutan's capital Thimphu. India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan agreed to cooperate on energy, water, food and biodiversity issues.
    (AP, 11/20/11)
2011        Nov 19, China’s Premier Wen Jiabao told US President Barack Obama that China would increase the flexibility of the yuan while stressing that reforms had already had an effect. The spoke on the sidelines of the East Asia Summit in Indonesia.
    (AFP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 19, In eastern China 14 workers were killed in an explosion at a chemical plant.
    (AFP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 19, Egyptian police fired rubber bullets and tear gas in clashes with protesters on as they broke up a sit-in organized by people injured during the Arab Spring, triggering a heated skirmish. Two protesters were killed.
    (AFP, 11/19/11)(SSFC, 11/20/11, p.A6)
2011        Nov 19, Several hundred Ethiopian troops crossed into southern and central Somalia, local elders said, but Addis Ababa dismissed the reports as "absolutely not true."
    (AFP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 19, Israeli researcher Dror Etkes said 375 acres from the Palestinian village of Bardaleh have been annexed to the Israeli Kibbutz Meirav.
    (AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 19, Japan’s the new Institute of Science and Technology was inaugurated as a graduate university in Okinawa.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.91)
2011        Nov 19, In Nepal government monitors began asking 19,000 former rebels whether they will join the army or leave with cash to start new lives, five years after ending their insurgency to join a peace process.
    (AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 18, In the Philippines police arrested former Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on charges of electoral fraud. Police allowed her to remain in hospital for health reasons.
    (SFC, 11/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 19, Syrian troops stormed the town of Shezar in the central province of Hama and the restive Jabal al-Zawiya region near the Turkish border in search of regime opponents. At least 15 people were killed.
    (AP, 11/19/11)(SSFC, 11/20/11, p.A10)
2011        Nov 19, Thailand's Premier Yingluck Shinawatra declared central Bangkok safe from the kingdom's devastating floods, as the death toll passed 600 and President Barack Obama vowed the US will give whatever help it can.
    (AFP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 19, In Tunisia the three parties making up the new ruling coalition divided up the top government jobs between them. Ennahda's Hamadi Jebali will become prime minister. Congress for the Republic party leader Moncef Marzouki will become president. The leader of the left of center Ettakatol, or forum, party will become speaker of the assembly.
    (AP, 11/19/11)
2011        Nov 19, In Turkey delegates at an international conservation meeting agreed on a measure mandating that silky sharks accidentally caught in fishing gear be released back into the sea alive. The 48-member International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) failed to reach consensus on other threatened shark species. To fight illegal fishing, ICCAT members decided that vessels measuring 12 meters or more, instead of the previous 20 meters or more, would be inspected on arrival to port.
    (AP, 11/19/11)

2012        Nov 19, President Barack Obama made a 6-hour stop in Myanmar. In a notable detour from US policy, the president referred to Burma as Myanmar in his talks with President Thein Sein. Obama then became the first US president to set foot in Cambodia, a country once known for its Khmer Rouge "killing fields."
    (AP, 11/19/12)
2012        Nov 19, Hostess Brands Inc agreed in court to enter private mediation with its lenders and leaders of a striking union to try to avert the liquidation of the maker of Twinkies snack cakes and Wonder Bread.
    (Reuters, 11/19/12)
2012        Nov 19, Warren Rudman (1930), former Republican senator from New Hampshire (1980-1992), died in Washington, DC.
    (SFC, 11/21/12, p.A8)
2012        Nov 19, In Rhode Island Charles Moreau, the former mayor of Central Falls. Pleaded guilty to accepting gifts from a supporter who received a lucrative city contract.
    (SFC, 11/20/12, p.A8)
2012        Nov 19, A spokesman for Afghan Pres, Karzai told reporters that more than 70 detainees continue to be held by the Americans despite being ordered released by Afghan courts.
    (AP, 11/19/12)
2012        Nov 19, Colombia's main rebel group announced a unilateral cease-fire as it began much-anticipated peace talks, but the Bogota government responded that it would continue military operations.
    (AP, 11/19/12)
2012        Nov 19, The International Court of Justice ruled that a group of tiny islands in the western Caribbean belongs to Colombia, but also granted Nicaragua control of a large swath of the surrounding sea and seabed that could hold oil reserves.
    (AP, 11/20/12)
2012        Nov 19, In Cuba the rebel former seminarian known as Ivan Marquez and government representative Humberto de la Calle, a sage veteran of Colombian politics, sat down in Havana to negotiate in earnest an end Colombia's stubborn five-decade-old conflict. Their talks were inaugurated in Norway last month.
    (AP, 11/19/12)
2012        Nov 19, French oil firm Total SA said it has sold a stake in an offshore oil field in Nigeria for $2.5 billion to Chinese state oil company Sinopec Corp. The cash deal required approval by Nigerian authorities.
    (AP, 11/19/12)
2012        Nov 19, In India at least 17 people were killed in the eastern state of Bihar. The accident happened when a bamboo bridge collapsed on the banks of Ganges river where Hindu devotees were offering prayers as part of the annual Chhath ritual.
    (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-20405189)
2012        Nov 19, Israeli aircraft struck crowded areas in the Gaza Strip, driving up the Palestinian death toll to 94 and devastating several homes belonging to one clan. Hamas fighters have fired hundreds of rockets into Israel in the current round of fighting, including 75 today. The new airstrikes came as Egypt was trying to broker a cease-fire, with the help of Turkey and Qatar.
    (AP, 11/19/12)
2012        Nov 19, A report issued by New York-based Human Rights Watch accused Ivory Coast's military of undertaking a swift, brutal and illegal campaign of arbitrary arrest and detention in response to some of the most significant violence since last year's election crisis.
    (AP, 11/19/12)
2012        Nov 19, Police in Kenya fired bullets into the air and tear gas into the streets to stop two groups from clashing. 3 Kenyan soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 11/19/12)(AP, 11/20/12)
2012        Nov 19, In northern Mali fighting resumed between Islamist extremists and Tuareg secular rebels.
    (AP, 11/19/12)
2012        Nov 19, In Morocco the 48-member int’l. organization of fishing countries voted to keep strict limits on catching Atlantic blue fin tuna.
    (SFC, 11/20/12, p.A7)
2012        Nov 19, The International Court of Justice ruled that a group of tiny islands in the western Caribbean belongs to Colombia, but also granted Nicaragua control of a large swath of the surrounding sea and seabed that could hold oil reserves. The ICJ awarded Nicaragua fishing and oil rights in waters that Colombians have considered theirs since 1928.
    (AP, 11/20/12)(Econ, 11/9/13, p.43)
2012        Nov 19, In northern Nigeria two road accidents that took place an hour apart claimed 25 lives.
    (AP, 11/20/12)
2012        Nov 19, In northwest Pakistan a female suicide bomber detonated her explosives near the convoy of a former leader of the country's largest Islamist party. Qazi Husain Ahmad, the former chief of Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan, escaped unhurt from the attack in the Mohmand tribal region. Three of his aides were wounded.
    (AP, 11/19/12)
2012        Nov 19, The UN said Sudan has begun a massive vaccination campaign to immunize3 2.4 million people against an outbreak of yellow fever in the Darfur region.
    (SFC, 11/20/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 19, In Tajikistan Inobat Yakubova told the respected Tajik newspaper Asia-Plus that her son (12) was picked up in late August while at the home of his Arabic language tutor, who is suspected of being a member of banned Islamist group Hizb-ut-Tah. She said security services held him for three days and beat him to coerce details on individuals detained on extremism charges.
    (AP, 11/20/12)
2012        Nov 19, A Zimbabwe court ordered breakaway Anglican Bishop Nolbert Kunonga to return church property he seized after his excommunication in 2007.
    (AP, 11/19/12)

2013        Nov 19, JPMorgan Chase reached a $13 billion deal with the US Justice Dept. ending a probe into the bank’s sale of mortgage bonds.
    (SFC, 11/20/13, p.C2)
2013        Nov 19, The US National Rifle Association (NRA) sued San Francisco claiming the city violated the constitutional right to possess guns for self defense with a new ordnance banning possession of magazines that can hold more than 10 rounds.
    (SFC, 11/20/13, p.D3)
2013        Nov 19, Florida Rep. Henry Radel (37) was charged with cocaine possession following a “buy and bust" operation. The next day Radel pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor charge of cocaine possession and was sentenced to a year of probation. He admitted to purchasing 3.5 grams of cocaine from an undercover officer Oct. 29 in Washington. Radel resigned on Jan 27, 2014.
    (SFC, 11/20/13, p.A6)(AP, 1/27/14)
2013        Nov 19, NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg signed legislation banning the sale of tobacco products to anyone under the age of 21.
    (SFC, 11/20/13, p.A6)
2013        Nov 19, Virginia state Sen. Creigh Deeds (55) suffered stab wounds at his home inflicted by his son, Gus Deeds (24), who was found dead from apparently a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
    (SFC, 11/20/13, p.A8)
2013        Nov 19, Orbital Sciences launched a rocket from the Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia carrying 29 small satellites and launched them into a low-Earth orbit. Thirty hours later Kosmotros, a Russian-joint venture, carried 32 satellites into a similar orbit.
    (Econ, 6/7/14, TQ p.18)
2013        Nov 19, Celebrations for Algeria's victory over Burkina Faso that sent the country's soccer team to the 2014 World Cup finals left 12 people dead and some 240 injured.
    (AP, 11/20/13)
2013        Nov 19, Bosnia's state war crimes court said it had freed 10 convicted war criminals and would give them new trials after the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled their legal rights had been violated.
    (Reuters, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 19, Britain’s Oxford Univ. Press declared “selfie," a smart phone self-pportrait, the 2013 word of the year. Use of the word dated back to at least 2002.
    (SFC, 11/20/13, p.A3)
2013        Nov 19, British biochemist Frederick Sanger (b.1918) died. He twice won the Nobel Prize in chemistry (1958 & 1980) and was a pioneer of genome sequencing.
    (AP, 11/20/13)
2013        Nov 19, In the Central African Republic heavy fighting erupted near Bouca between the Muslim Seleka rebels who have carried out attacks and massacres throughout the northwest in recent months and members of Christian self-defense militias that have arisen amid the violence. About 2,000 people have sought refuge in a Catholic mission in the area.
    (AP, 11/20/13)
2013        Nov 19, Hundreds of Egyptians gathered in Cairo's Tahrir Square to commemorate the deaths of protesters killed two years ago and call for the army-backed government to adopt reforms.
    (Reuters, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 19, The European Union's parliament finally approved the first spending cut in the history of the 28-nation group.
    (AP, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 19, France, Germany and other European countries formed a "drone users club" to develop a rival to the US and Israeli pilotless aircraft that dominate the field.
    (AP, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 19, In France a small plane crashed in the central Burgundy region, killing six people.
    (AFP, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 19, Ghanaian authorities impounded the Guyana-registered MV ATIYAH and arrested the five when they discovered it was carrying 400 kilos (880 pounds) of cocaine worth around $50 million. On Nov 22 four citizens of Guyana and one Ghanaian pleaded guilty to charges related to the seizure of a ship.
    (Reuters, 11/22/13)
2013        Nov 19, In northeastern Guinea at least 12 illegal miners were killed and several left missing after a landslide at a goldmine owned by the Ashanti Goldfields Corporation.
    (AFP, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 19, Hundreds of Iranians including university students and members of the country's Jewish community rallied in support of the Islamic Republic's disputed nuclear program on the eve of the resumption of talks with world powers.
    (AP, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 19, Italian declared authorities declared a state of emergency in Sardinia as Cyclone Cleopatra dropped 450mm of rain in an hour and a half overnight. 16 people were reported dead.
    (Reuters, 11/19/13)(AFP, 11/19/13)(Reuters, 11/20/13)
2013        Nov 19, In Lebanon 2 suicide bombers detonated explosions outside the Iranian Embassy in a mainly Shiite district of Beirut, killing 23 people, including the Iranian cultural attaché, apparently in retaliation for the Lebanese group Hezbollah's support of Syrian President Assad.
    (AP, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 19, Libyan protesters again took to the streets of Tripoli, repeating their call for the country's recalcitrant militias to leave the capital after a militia attack on a similar protest killed 47 and wounded more than 500 last week.
    (AP, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 19, Mexican journalist and author Elena Poniatowska won the 2013 Cervantes Prize, the Spanish-speaking world's highest literary honor.
    (AP, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 19, Millions of Nepalis defied low expectations and threats of violence to vote in elections seen as crucial in stabilising the country and breaking its political deadlock seven years after a civil war ended. The Nepali Congress led by Sushil Koirala narrowly won the elections. A bombing in Kathmandu injured three children.
    (AFP, 11/19/13)(Econ, 3/8/14, p.44)
2013        Nov 19, Norway's military intelligence chief said his country carries out surveillance on millions of phone calls in conflict areas around the world and shares that data with allies, including the United States.
    (AP, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 19, In Pakistan a Shi'ite professor at the University of Gujrat and his driver were shot dead in the latest incident in a wave of spiraling sectarian violence in the nuclear-armed country.
    (Reuters, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 19, In Poland 18 people were detained on suspicion of large scale corruption. They included current and former state officials.
    (SFC, 11/20/13, p.A2)
2013        Nov 19, In Somalia al-Qaida-linked Shebab militants detonated a car bomb at the entrance to a police station in Beledweyne near the Somalia-Ethiopia border, then opened fire with assault rifles and rocket-propelled grenades, an attack that left at least 28 people dead.
    (Reuters, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 19, Russian courts granted bail to seven foreign Greenpeace activists detained for an oil drilling protest, bringing to 10 the number released over the last days and raising hopes of a solution to a case which has raised global concern.
    (AFP, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 19, In South Africa a shopping mall under construction partially collapsed, killing one person and injuring 29 in Tongaat, near Durban.
    (AP, 11/20/13)
2013        Nov 19, Spain's National Court said it has issued arrest orders for former Chinese president Jiang Zemin and four other Chinese officials as part of a probe into alleged genocide by China against Tibet.
    (AP, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 19, Syrian government troops captured Qara, a key town near the Lebanese border from rebels, days after launching a broad offensive in the mountainous western region.
    (AP, 11/19/13)
2013        Nov 19, Vietnam officials said the death toll from flooding, due to heavy rains that began Nov 14, has risen to 41.
    (SFC, 11/20/13, p.A4)
2013        Nov 19, In Yemen a suspected US airstrike killed 3 alleged al-Qaida militants in Hadramawt province. Two men from Australia and New Zealand were also killed in the strike.
    (AP, 11/19/13)(AP, 4/15/14)

2014        Nov 19, A US federal judge overturned Montana’s ban on same-sex marriage. The state’s first legal same-sex marriage took place the next day in Helena.
    (SFC, 11/21/14, p.A6)
2014        Nov 19, Mike Nichols (83), American film and stage director and producer, died. He was born in Berlin (1931) as Mikhail Igor Peschkowsky. His 11 films included “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf" (1966), “The Graduate" (1967) and “Catch-22" (1970).  
    (SFC, 11/21/14, p.A1)
2014        Nov 19, In Afghanistan a compound housing foreigners on the outskirts of Kabul came under attack.
    (AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, Argentina’s lower house of Congress approved a measure ruling that all public transportation must display a sign saying “Las Malvina son Argentinas" (The Falklands are Argentine), after getting approval from the Senate.
    (SFC, 11/21/14, p.A2)
2014        Nov 19, The British government banned controversial US-based "pick-up artist" Julien Blanc from entering the country after nearly 160,000 people signed a petition accusing him of encouraging "physical and emotional abuse".
    (AFP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, Several thousand students took to the streets of central London to protest against tuition fee increases and education budget cuts.
    (AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, Burkina Faso's transitional government named Lieutenant Colonel Isaac Zida as prime minister, four days after he restored the country's constitution under pressure from the African Union and the West.
    (Reuters, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, Chinese officials announced limits on growth in energy consumption aimed at making the country less dependent on coal.
    (AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, In eastern China an overloaded makeshift school bus collided with a truck, killing 11 kindergarteners and the bus driver.
    (AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, Hong Kong police arrested at least 6 people after dozens of demonstrators attempted to break into the legislature overnight.
    (SFC, 11/20/14, p.A4)
2014        Nov 19, Northern India police arrested Sant Rampal (63), a controversial religious leader, at his sprawling ashram in Haryana state, ending a days-long standoff in which 6 people died and hundreds were injured. Rampal and 38 others have been charged with murder and other offenses after a violent clash between his supporters and another group killed one person in July 2006.
    (AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, Indonesian authorities said two endangered Sumatran elephants were found dead this week near a palm oil plantation in the Tebo district of Jambi province on Sumatra island. Authorities believed they were killed by poachers.
    (AP, 11/20/14)
2014        Nov 19, In northern Iraq French Rafale jets struck Islamic State targets alongside coalition planes near Kirkuk to help breach the group's frontlines. France said it was sending six fighter jets to Jordan to ramp up its strikes.
    (Reuters, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, In Iraq Radwan Taleb al-Hamdouni, described as the Islamic State leader in Mosul, was killed with his driver when their car was hit by an air strike in a western district of the city.
    (Reuters, 11/20/14)
2014        Nov 19, Iraqi Kurdish forces launched a new offensive targeting Islamic State group extremists as a suicide bomber killed at least five people in Irbil, the Kurds' regional capital.
    (AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, Israel’s Jerusalem municipality said it approved the construction of 78 new homes for Jewish settlers in two neighborhoods of occupied Arab east Jerusalem. The east Jerusalem home of a Palestinian Abdel-Rahman al-Shalloudi, who carried out a deadly attack On Oct 22, was demolished.
    (AFP, 11/19/14)(AP, 11/19/14)(Econ, 11/22/14, p.41)
2014        Nov 19, Italy’s Court of Cassation threw out a conviction against Stephan Schmidheiny, a Swiss businessman, for some 3,000 asbestos-related deaths blamed on contamination from the Swiss Eternit construction company. The statute of limitations started ticking in 1986 when Eternit closed its four Italian plants.
    (AP, 11/20/14)
2014        Nov 19, In Japan millionair Chisako Kakehi (67) was arrested on suspicion of poisoning her husband with cyanide as it emerged six former partners had already died.
    (AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, Kosovo’s Pres. Jahjaga said PM Hashim Thaci’s Democratic Party and Isa Mustafa’s Democratic League have pledged to form a coalition government, ending five months of political fighting.
    (SFC, 11/20/14, p.A2)
2014        Nov 19, In Malawi about 500 schoolchildren broke classroom windows and damaged cars to protest a strike by their teachers in the commercial capital, Blantyre.
    (AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, Myanmar's army launched a new offensive against ethnic Kachin rebels in the steep hills around their headquarters on the Chinese border, killing over 20 people in a mortar attack and skirmishes that lasted the whole day.
    (AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, In Nigeria Boko Haram militants reportedly killed about 45 people in the Azaya Kura village in Borno state as they carted away food and livestock.
    (SFC, 11/21/14, p.A2)
2014        Nov 19, A Pakistani court sentenced four men to death for bludgeoning to death Farzana Parveen (25), a pregnant woman, last May in the center of Lahore for marrying against her family's wishes.
    (AFP, 11/19/14)(SFC, 11/20/14, p.A2)
2014        Nov 19, Russia urged Ukraine's leaders to talk directly to separatists to end the conflict in the east, but Kiev rejected the call and told Moscow to stop "playing games" aimed at legitimizing "terrorists".
    (Reuters, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, Saudi Arabia executed Salih bin Yateem bin Salih al-Qarni. He had donned women's clothing in a bid to escape after shooting dead a soldier and police officer.
    (AFP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, The Solomon Islands held a general election.
    (Econ, 12/13/14, p.43)
2014        Nov 19, A Spanish court ordered popular folk singer Isabel Pantoja (58) to jail after her appeals against a two-year sentence for money laundering were rejected. She was found guilty of laundering money for Julian Munoz, a former boyfriend and one-time mayor of Marbella.
    (AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, In Spain Fitz-James Stuart y Silva (b.1926), the Duchess of Alba, died. Forbes recently estimated her wealth to be in the region of 2.8 billion euros ($3.5 billion). Her more than 40 titles made her the world's most titled noble.
    (AP, 11/20/14)
2014        Nov 19, Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa pardoned five Indian fishermen who were sentenced to death last month for smuggling narcotics. The fishermen denied the charges.
    (AP, 11/19/14)
2014        Nov 19, In Switzerland scientists at CERN, the world's largest smasher, said they have discovered two new subatomic particles never seen before that could widen our understanding of the universe. The new particles, which were predicted to exist, are both baryons made from three quarks bound together by a strong force.
    (AP, 11/19/14)

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