Today in History - November 21

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World Television Day. The UN General Assembly proclaimed 21 November as World Television Day (through resolution 51/205 of 17 December 1996).
    (Econ, 11/24/12, p.68)(
http://www.un.org/en/events/televisionday/ )

496AD    Nov 21, Pope Gelasius, an African by birth or descent, died. He changed the mid-February lottery rules for young Roman men so that they drew names of Catholic Saints to emulate instead of young girls for play. The Lupercalia pagan rite had been revived to bring good luck to the city following a plague. He named Feb 14 as St. Valentine’s Day.
    (PTA, 1980, p.98)(SFEM, 2/9/97, p.11)(SSFC, 2/11/01, DB p.40)

1272        Nov 21, Edward I was proclaimed King of England.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_I_of_England)

1492        Nov 21, Pinta under Martin Pinzon separated from Columbus' fleet.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1555        Nov 21, Georgius Bauer (b.1494), German mineralogist (Agricola), died. His full description of mining, smelting, and chemistry in "De Re Metallica," was published in Basel in 1556. In it he described the hazards of mining, including occupational diseases such as "difficulty in breathing and destruction of the lungs." It was still the major source on the state of technology in the Middle Ages. In 1912 it was translated by Herbert Hoover, mining engineer and future US president.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georg_Agricola)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R25)(WSJ, 7/29/06, p.P8)

1579        Nov 21, Thomas Gresham (b.1519), English merchant and financier, died. He worked for King Edward VI of England and for Edward's half-sister Queen Elizabeth I of England. Gresham’s Law: "Bad money drives out good." Gresham's law is commonly stated as: "When there is a legal tender currency, bad money drives good money out of circulation." Or, more accurately, "Money overvalued by the State will drive money undervalued by the State out of circulation."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Gresham)

1620        Nov 21, Leaders of the Mayflower expedition framed the “Mayflower Compact," designed to bolster unity among the settlers. The Pilgrims reached Provincetown Harbor, Mass.
    (HN, 11/21/98)(MC, 11/21/01)

1654        Nov 21, Richard Johnson, a free black, was granted 550 acres in Virginia.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1692        Nov 21, Carlo Fragoni, Italian poet, was born.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1694        Nov 21, Francois Marie Arouet Voltaire (d.1778), French philosopher, historian, dramatist and essayist, was born. Born to middle class parents, he later attended the Jesuit college of Louis-le-Grand in Paris. The environment exposed him to the world of society and the arts. After the success of his tragedy “Oedipe" in 1718, he was pronounced the successor to the great dramatist Racine. He adopted the pen name Voltaire, though its exact origins and meaning are uncertain. The author of “Candide" (1759) and the “Philosophical Dictionary" (1764), Voltaire's works often attacked injustice and intolerance and epitomized the Age of Enlightenment. He wrote that "Self-love resembles the instrument by which we perpetuate the species. It is necessary, it is dear to us, it gives us pleasure and it has to be concealed." "All styles are good except the tiresome sort." “Love truth, but pardon error." "The great errors of the past are useful in many ways. One cannot remind oneself too often of crimes and disasters. These, no matter what people say, can be forestalled." S.G. Tellentyre said on Voltaire: “I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it."
    (WUD, 1994, p.1600)    (G&M, 2/1/96, p.A-22)(AP, 7/17/97)(SFEC, 1/4/98, Z1p.8)(HNQ, 10/1/98)(SFEC, 10/11/98, Z1 p.8)(HN, 11/21/98)(HNQ, 11/8/00)

1695        Nov 21, Henry Purcell (36), English composer (Indian Queen), died.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1710        Nov 21, Barnardo Pasquini (72), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1783        Nov 21, Jean-Francois Pilatre de Rozier (1754-1785) and the Marquis d’Arlandes made the first free-flight ascent in a balloon, to over 500 feet, in Paris.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Romain)(NPub, 2002, p.2)

1785        Nov 21, William Beaumont, surgeon, was born. He later studied digestion by peering through a natural opening of the stomach wall in a young Indian in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1787        Nov 21, Samuel Cunard (d.1865), founder of the 1st regular Atlantic steamship line, was born in Canada.
    (MC, 11/21/01)(WSJ, 7/1/03, p.D8)

1789        Nov 21, North Carolina became the 12th state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
    (AP, 11/21/97)(HN, 11/21/98)

1794        Nov 21, Honolulu Harbor was discovered.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1806        Nov 21, In the Decree of Berlin Emperor Napoleon banned all trade with England.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1811        Nov 21, Heinrich W. von Kleist (34), German playwright, died.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1817        Nov 21, Richard Brooke Garnett (d1863), Brig General (Confederate Army), was born. He died at Gettysburg.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1818        Nov 21, Frenchman Hipolito Bouchard and Englishman Peter Corney led a 2-ship attack against the presidio at Monterey, Ca. Gov. Pablo de Sola and his soldiers and families fled as some 400 rebels pulled to shore. The presidio was ransacked and burned. Bouchard and Corney days later plundered Mission San Juan Capistrano and the rancho at El Refugio.
    (SFC, 10/10/03, p.B3)
1818        Nov 21, Russia's Czar Alexander I petitioned for a Jewish state in Palestine.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1834        Nov 21, HMS Beagle anchored at Bay of San Carlos, Chile.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1837        Nov 21, Thomas Morris of Australia skipped rope 22,806 times.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1847        Nov 21, Steamer "Phoenix" was lost on Lake Michigan. 200 people were killed.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1848        Nov 21, The John C. Fremont expedition, in search of a railroad route across the Rocky Mountains, reached Pueblo, Colorado. There Fremont hired Bill Williams (61), a mountaineer with 40 years experience.
    (ON, 12/06, p.5)
1848        Nov 21, Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1852        Nov 21, Duke Univ., founded in 1838 as Union Institute in NC, was chartered as Normal College.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1855        Nov 21, Franklin Colman, a pro-slavery Missourian, gunned down Charles Dow, a Free Stater from Ohio, near Lawrence, Kansas.
    (HN, 11/22/02)

1859        Nov 21, Shoin Yoshida (1830), Japanese intellectual who inspired Meiji reformers, died. “Once a man’s will is set, he can triumph through any obstacle."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoshida_Sh%C5%8Din)(Econ, 6/28/14, p.12)

1864        Nov 21, Confederate General John Bell Hood launched the Franklin-Nashville Campaign into Tennessee from northern Alabama. Hood led the Confederate Army of Tennessee in its offensive into Tennessee, which was decisively broken in the battles of Franklin and Nashville. Hood, a graduate of West Point, had been in the U.S. Cavalry until the Civil War broke out. He was seriously wounded attacking Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg and later lost a leg at Chickamauga in September of that year. In 1864, he was appointed a Lieutenant General under Joseph E. Johnston‘s command in defense of Atlanta. In July, Confederate president Jefferson Davis put Hood in command who promptly attacked Sherman‘s Union army and was repulsed. Hood then attempted a long march to the north and west to assault Sherman‘s rear and ran into Union Army of the Cumberland. The November Battle of Franklin and December Battle of Nashville decisively defeated Hood‘s Army which was harassed and almost destroyed in its retreat. Hood‘s own request to end his command was granted the following month. After the war he lived in New Orleans.
    (HNQ, 11/4/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin-Nashville_Campaign)
1864        Nov 21-22, Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1871        Nov 21, Moses F. Gale patented a cigar lighter in NYC.
    (MC, 11/21/01)
1871        Nov 21, The 1st human cannonball, Emilio Onra, was fired from a cannon.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1877        Nov 21, Inventor Thomas A. Edison announced the invention of his phonograph.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.270)(AP, 11/21/97)

1886        Nov 21, Harold G. Nicolson, English diplomat and author (Good Behavior), was born.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1888        Nov 21, Adolph Arthur “Harpo" Marx, American comedian, one of the Marx brothers, was born. The inventive American pantomimist never spoke a line in his many movies, which he starred in alongside his brothers.
    (HN, 11/23/00)

1898        Nov 21, Rene Magritte (d.1967), Belgian surrealist painter, was born. His work includes “Golconda." In 1998 a collection of his work was edited by Giselle Ollinger-Zinque and Frederik Leen. It included his Surrealist paintings as well as his wallpaper designs, illustrated music scores, advertising posters, and photographs from his amateur films.
    (WUD, 1994, p.863)(WSJ, 12/3/98, p.W4)(HN, 11/21/00)

1899        Nov 21, Vice President Garret A. Hobart, serving under President McKinley, died in Paterson, N.J., at age 55.
    (AP, 11/21/99)

1901        Nov 21, Richard Strauss' opera "Feuersnot," premiered in Dresden.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1904        Nov 21, Coleman Hawkins, jazz saxophonist, was born.
    (HN, 11/21/00)
1904        Nov 21, Motorized omnibuses replaced horse-drawn cars in Paris.
    (HN, 11/21/98)

1906        Nov 21, In San Juan, President Theodore Roosevelt pledged citizenship for Puerto Rican people.
    (HN, 11/21/98)
1906        Nov 21, China prohibited opium trade.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1907        Nov 21, Jim Bishop, author (The Day Lincoln was Shot), was born.
    (MC, 11/21/01)
1907        Nov 21, The Cunard liner Mauritania set a new speed record for steamship travel, 624 nautical miles in a one day run.
    (HN, 11/21/02)
1907        Nov 21, Gaetano Braga (78), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1908        Nov 21, Elizabeth G. Speare, writer of historical novels for children, was born.
    (HN, 11/21/00)

1911        Nov 21, Suffragettes stormed Parliament in London. All were arrested and all chose prison terms.
    (HN, 11/21/98)

1915        Nov 21, The HMS Endurance, under Sir Ernest Shackleton and his 27 man crew, sank in the Weddell Sea of Antarctica. The whole crew escaped on 3 lifeboats that included the “James Caird." They drifted for 5 months and when the ice broke rowed to Elephant Island. Shackleton then rowed the Caird for 800 miles with 5 men to South Georgia Island and returned to pick up the 21 men left behind. Frank Hurley captured the sinking on 35-mm movie film. In 1933 F.A. Worsely, the captain of the Endurance, authored “Shackleton’s Boat Journey." In 1999 Caroline Alexander authored “The Endurance."
    (WSJ, 4/2/98, p.B1,15)(SFEC, 1/24/99, BR p.6)(WSJ, 4/16/99, p.W14)(ON, 5/00, p.10)(WSJ, 4/28/07, p.P8)

1916        Nov 21, The HMHS Britannic, the sister ship of the Titanic, sank in the Kea Channel off Greece after being hit by a mine or a torpedo. 30 people in lifeboats died from the suction of the sinking ship. The Britannic, launched in 1914 from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland, included an additional expansion joint due to design update following the sinking of the Titanic in 1912.
    (www.titanic-titanic.com/britannic.shtml)(AH, 10/07, p.14)
1916        Nov 21, Franz Jozef I, King of Austria and Hungary, died.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1917        Nov 21, German ace Rudolf von Eschwege was killed over Macedonia when he attacked a booby-trapped observation balloon packed with explosives.
    (HN, 11/21/99)
1917        Nov 21, Maxim Gorki called Lenin a blind fanatic and unthinking adventurer.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1918        Nov 21, The last German troops left Alsace-Lorraine, France.
    (HN, 11/21/98)
1918        Nov 21, Two German ammunition trains exploded in Hamont, Belgium and 1,750 died.
    (MC, 11/21/01)
1918        Nov 21, Polish soldiers organized a pogrom against Jews of Galicia, Poland.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1920        Nov 21, Stan “The Man" Musial, Hall of Fame baseball player for the St. Louis Cardinals, was born.
    (HN, 11/21/98)
1920        Nov 21, Mussolini's squad began terror and 11 died in Bologna, Italy.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1921        Nov 21, Geza Anda, Hungarian-Swiss pianist, was born.
    (MC, 11/21/01)
1921        Nov 21, The 1st mid-air refueling was done by hand over Long Beach on a Curtiss JN-4.
    (SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)

1922        Nov 21, Rebecca L. Felton of Georgia was sworn in as the first woman to serve in the U.S. Senate.
    (AP, 11/21/97)

1925        Nov 21, Three-time All-American Harold "Red" Grange played his last football game for the University of Illinois and joined the Chicago Bears less than a week later on Thanksgiving Day. Grange was the most glamorous and well-known football player of the 1920s. In one collegiate game against Michigan in 1924, Grange ran for 402 yards and five touchdowns. Known as the "Galloping Ghost" for his spectacular broken-field running, the Wheaton, Illinois, native drew huge crowds during a 17-game barnstorming tour with the Bears in late 1925. He is credited with establishing professional football as a popular spectator sport. Red Grange died at the age of 87 on January 28, 1991.
    (HNPD, 11/21/98)

1927        Nov 21, Picketing strikers at the Columbine Mine in northern Colorado were fired on by state police; six miners were killed.
    (AP, 11/21/07)

1929        Nov 21, Marilyn French, novelist and critic, was born. Her work includes “The Women's Room."
    (HN, 11/21/00)

1930        Nov 21, In Indonesia lava began flowing as the Mount Merapi volcano erupted. 13 villages were destroyed and some 1369 people were killed by pyroclastic flows.
    (http://dogeatdogma.com/merapi.htm)

1934        Nov 21, The Cole Porter musical “Anything Goes," starring Ethel Merman as Reno Sweeney, premiered at New York's Alvin Theatre.
    (HN, 11/21/00)(AP, 11/21/04)
1934        Nov 21, A court ruled Gloria Vanderbilt unfit for custody of her daughter.
    (HN, 11/21/98)

1937        Nov 21, Marlo Thomas, film and TV actress, was born in Detroit, Mich. In 1980 she married Phil Donohue.
    (SSFC, 11/21/04, Par p.28)

1938        Nov 21, Nazi forces occupied western Czechoslovakia and declared its people German citizens. This annexation of Sudetenland was the first major belligerent action by Hitler. The allies chose to sit still for it in return for a promise of "peace in our time," which Hitler later broke.
    (MC, 11/21/01)
1938        Nov 21, Leopold Godowsky (68), pianist and composer, died.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1941        Nov 21, Juliet Mills, actress (Nanny & the Professor, QB VII), was born in London England.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1942        Nov 21, Tweety Bird, cartoon character, was born.
    (MC, 11/21/01)
1942        Nov 21, The Alaska-Canadian Highway across Canada was formally opened.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.42)(AP, 11/21/97)

1945        Nov 21, Goldie Hawn, Takoma Park, Md., actress (Laugh-in, Private Benjamin), was born.
    (MC, 11/21/01)
1945        Nov 21, General Motors workers went on strike.
    (MC, 11/21/01)
1945        Nov 21, The last residents of the US Japanese-American internment left their camps.
    (SFEC, 4/13/97, Z1 p.6)
1945        Nov 21, Robert Benchley (56), US humorist (My 10 Years in a Quandary), died.
    (MC, 11/21/01)
1945        Nov 21, Bummy Davis (b.1920 as Albert Davidoff), former middleweight boxer turned thug, died after taking on 2 hoodlums in Brooklyn, NY. In 1951 W.C. Heinz wrote "Brownsville Bum," an account of the Bummy Davis tragedy for True Magazine. In 2003 Ron Ross authored Bummy Davis vs. Murder, Inc."
    (WSJ, 3/5/08, p.D9)(www.ronross.us/reviews.html)

1949        Nov 21, The UN Assembly decided for the eventual independence of Italy’s former colonies. In the meantime they remained under UN supervision. United Nations granted Libya its independence in the year 1952.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1176)(HN, 11/21/98)

1953        Nov 21, The "Piltdown Man," discovered in 1912, was proved to be a hoax. Paleontologist Kenneth Oakley and anatomists Joseph S. Weiner and Wilfred Le Gros Clark reexamined the bones from the 1912 Piltdown man and found unmistakable signs of forgery.
    (MC, 11/21/01)(PacDisc. Spring/’96, p.16)

1955        Nov 21, Argentina asked Panama for the return of ex-president Peron.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1957        Nov 21, A student strike began at the Central Univ. of Venezuela (UCV) against the electoral fraud of the dictatorship of Marcos Perez Jimenez. This soon led his downfall.
    (WSJ, 11/24/07, p.A12)(www.handsoffvenezuela.org/students_march_referendum.htm)

1958        Nov 21, Mel Ott (49), Baseball Hall-of-Famer, died in New Orleans.
    (AP, 11/21/08)
1958        Nov 21, A Soviet-East German commission met in East Berlin to discuss the transfer to East German control of Soviet functions and end its occupation status in Berlin.
    (AP, 11/21/02)

1959        Nov 21, Jack Benny on violin and Richard Nixon on piano played their famed duet.
    (MC, 11/21/01)

1962        Nov 21, China agreed to a cease-fire on India-China border.
    (AP, 11/21/02)

1963        Nov 21, President Kennedy and his wife, Jacqueline, began a two-day tour of Texas.
    (AP, 11/22/03)
1963        Nov 21, Robert Stroud, "bird man of Alcatraz", died at the federal prison in Springfield, Mo. His canary studies were done at Leavenworth, Kansas, and included the book "Stroud’s Digest of Diseases of Birds." He also worked on a critical history of the US prison system (Looking Outward).
    (AHHT, 10/02, p.22)(SSFC, 9/22/02, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birdman_of_Alcatraz)
1963        Nov 21, Roman Catholic Vatican Council authorized the use of vernacular instead of Latin in the Sacraments.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
1963        Nov 21, India launched its first rocket from Thumba in Kerala state.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thumba_Equatorial_Rocket_Launching_Station)

1964        Nov 21, The upper level of New York's Verrazano Narrows Bridge, which connected Brooklyn and Staten Island, was opened. Designed by Swiss émigré Othmar Ammann, it was the world's longest suspension bridge at the time. It was.
    (AP, 11/21/07)(WSJ, 6/5/03, p.D8)

1967        Nov 21, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Air Quality Act, allotting $428 million for the fight against pollution.
    (HN, 11/21/98)(AP, 11/21/07)

1969        Nov 21, The Senate voted down the nomination of Clement F. Haynsworth to the Supreme Court, the first time since 1930 that a candidate for the nation's highest court was rejected.
    (AP, 11/21/97)

1970        Nov 21, US Army Special Forces raided the Son Tay prison camp in North Vietnam but found no prisoners. It would be later learned that the POWs had been relocated to Dong Hoi, on July 14. The POWs were moved because the well in the compound had dried up and the nearby Song Con River had begun to overflow its banks. This flooding problem, not a security leak, resulted in the prisoners being transported to Dong Hoi to a new prison nicknamed "Camp Faith." US planes conduct widespread bombing raids in North Vietnam.
    (www.psywarrior.com/sontay.html)(HN, 11/21/99)

1973        Nov 21, President Nixon's attorney, J. Fred Buzhardt, revealed the existence of an 18 1/2- minute gap in one of the White House tape recordings related to Watergate.
    (AP, 11/21/97)

1974        Nov 21, The Freedom of Information Act was passed by Congress over Pres. Ford's veto.
    (www.usdoj.gov/oip/1974attachb.htm)

1976        Nov 21, Syrian army completed its final phase of occupation of Lebanon.
    (AP, 11/21/02)

1977        Nov 21, The 1st commercial flight of the Anglo-French Concorde jet was from London to Bahrain.
    (www.britishairways.com/concorde/faq.html#4)

1979        Nov 21, A mob attacked the US Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing two Americans.
    (AP, 11/21/99)

1980        Nov 21, An estimated 83 million TV viewers tuned in to the CBS prime-time soap opera “Dallas" to find out “who shot J.R." It turned out to be Kristin Shephard, played by Mary Crosby.
    (SFC, 9/9/96, p.A26)(SFEC, 12/12/99, p.B10)(AP, 11/21/00)
1980        Nov 21, In California Michael Morganti (20) of Clovis, a partially disabled man, was buried alive to cover up a $500 burglary committed by David Weidert (17). In 1984 a life sentence for Weidert was reduced to 25 years to life. In 2015 Gov. Jerry Brown blocked parole for Weidert.
    (http://law.justia.com/cases/california/supreme-court/3d/39/836.html)(SSFC, 6/28/15, p.A10)
1980        Nov 21, In Las Vegas 87 people died in a fire at the MGM Grand Hotel-Casino.
    (AP, 11/21/97)

1982        Nov 21, In Sri Lanka the first Tiger activist to be killed by security forces was shot and wounded and died a few days later on November 27.
    (AP, 11/3/06)

1983        Nov 21, "Doonesbury" opened at Biltmore Theater in NYC for 104 performances.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0258532/)

1985        Nov 21, Former U.S. Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Jay Pollard was arrested, and accused of spying for Israel. Pollard was sentenced to life in prison in 1987.
    (AP, 11/21/97)(WSJ, 1/28/98, p.A18)(SFC, 3/1/00, p.A23)
1985        Nov 21, Yonkers, NY, was found guilty of intentional discrimination in its housing and schools.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2oegnj)

1986        Nov 21, The US Justice Department began the inquiry into the National Security Council in what became known as the Iran-Contra scandal; Lt. Col. Oliver North shredded important documents. Albert Hakim (d.2003) was the financial person behind the arms-for-hostages deal.
    (HN, 11/21/01)(SFC, 4/29/03, A21)

1987        Nov 21, An eight-day siege began at a detention center in Oakdale, La., as Cuban detainees, alarmed over the possibility of being returned to Cuba, seized the facility and took hostages.
    (AP, 11/21/97)
1987        Nov 21, James E. Folsom (79), former 2-term governor of Alabama (1947-1951 and 1955-59), died.
    (http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/folsom.html)
1987        Nov 21, In South Korea riot police stood guard to prevent violence by rival supporters as presidential candidates traded charges of corruption and cruelty.
    (AP, 11/21/02)

1988        Nov 21, President-elect George Bush announced he was retaining Dick Thornburgh as attorney general and Lauro Cavazos as education secretary, and appointing Richard Darman budget director.
    (AP, 11/21/98)
1988        Nov 21, Canada's Progressive Conservative Party, led by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, won the country's general election.
    (AP, 11/21/98)

1989        Nov 21, A law banning smoking on most domestic flights signed by President Bush.
    (http://tinyurl.com/gf6zq)
1989        Nov 21, The proceedings of Britain's House of Commons were televised live for the first time.
    (AP, 11/21/99)

1990        Nov 21, President Bush arrived in Saudi Arabia, where he conferred with Saudi King Fahd and Kuwait’s exiled emir.
    (AP, 11/21/00)
1990        Nov 21, Junk-bond financier Michael R. Milken, who had pleaded guilty to six felony counts, was sentenced by a federal judge in New York to ten years in prison. He served two.
    (AP, 11/21/00)

1991        Nov 21, President Bush signed a civil rights bill, then sought to calm a storm of controversy by withdrawing a tentative order to end government hiring preferences for blacks and women.
    (AP, 11/21/01)
1991        Nov 21, The U.N. Security Council chose Boutros Boutros-Ghali of Egypt to succeed Javier Perez de Cuellar of Peru as the new Secretary-General.
    (SFC, 6/22/96, p.A13)(AP, 11/21/97)

1992        Nov 21, Sen. Bob Packwood, R-Ore., issued an apology but refused to discuss allegations that he'd made unwelcome sexual advances toward 10 women over the years.
    (AP, 11/21/97)

1993        Nov 21, The U.S. House of Representatives voted against making the District of Columbia the 51st state, 277-153.
    (AP, 11/21/98)
1993        Nov 21, Actor Bill Bixby died in Century City, Calif., at age 59.
    (AP, 11/21/98)
1993        Nov 21, The Neo-fascist MSI won 36% of municipal elections in Rome.
    (www.nationarchive.com/Summaries/v257i0020_07.htm)
1993        Nov 21, Three former Panamanian soldiers were found guilty of involvement in the previously unsolved 1971 murder of Hector Gallego, a Colombian Roman Catholic priest.
    (AP, 11/21/02)

1994        Nov 21, Sen. Jesse Helms, R-N.C., remarked in a newspaper interview that President Clinton "better have a bodyguard" if he were to visit North Carolina; Helms later called his comment a mistake.
    (AP, 11/21/99)
1994        Nov 21, NATO retaliated for repeated Serb attacks on a U.N. safe haven by bombing an airfield in a Serb-controlled section of Croatia.
    (AP, 11/21/02)

1995        Nov 21, The Dow Jones Industrials in the US closed above 5000 for the first time to 5023.55.
    (WSJ, 11/22/95, p.A-1)(AP, 11/21/97)
1995        Nov 21, The Dayton Peace Accord, was initialed by the leaders of Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia. US Sec. of State, Warren Christopher and chief mediator Richard Holbrooke manage to keep the parties talking for over 3 weeks to reach this agreement to end three and a-half years of ethnic fighting in Bosnia-Herzegovina. One year deployment of 20,000 US troops as one-third of a NATO peace keeping force was estimated to cost about $1.5 bil. The US also planned to contribute $600 mil over three years to help rebuild Bosnia.
    (WSJ, 11/22/95, p.A1,3)(SFC, 10/6/00, p.A19)(AP, 11/21/00)
1995        Nov 21, In Mississippi Patty Milliken (38) disappeared after walking out of the Majik Mart convenience store where she worked to have a cigarette with William Mitchell in Biloxi. Mitchell was convicted of murder in 1998 and was executed on March 22, 2012.
    (SFC, 3/23/12, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/7wbfdsx)
1995        Nov 21, Former Nazi Capt. Erich Priebke was extradited from Argentina to Italy to face trial for his role in the Ardeatine Caves massacre. A court found him guilty in 1996 but released him because too much time had elapsed since the crime. There was a major uproar and he was again arrested and a 1997 trial convicted him and co-defendant Major Karl Hass. Priebke was sentenced to 5 years in prison. Hass was convicted but released due to mitigating circumstances.  face charges in the massacre of 335 Italian civilians in Nazi-occupied Rome.
    (AP, 3/23/97)(WSJ, 10/3/95, p.A-21) (WSJ, 11/21/95, p.A-1)(SFC, 7/23/97, p.A9)
    (AP, 11/21/02)
1995        Nov 21, France detonated a fourth underground nuclear blast at its test site in the South Pacific.
    (AP, 11/21/00)
1995        Nov 21, Israel granted citizenship to jailed US spy Jonathan Jay Pollard.
    (www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2501/is_n3_v18/ai_19129729/pg_6)

1996        Nov 21, In the northwest US heavy storms left at least 8 dead.
    (SFC, 11/21/96, p.A7)
1996        Nov 21, Thirty-three people were killed, and more than 100 injured, when an explosion blamed on leaking gas ripped through a six-story building in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
    (AP, 11/21/97)
1996        Nov 21, From Turkey Yasar Kemal, author, sought asylum in Sweden. He had been convicted by a Turkish court of defending Kurd’s rights.
    (SFC, 11/22/96, p.A22)

1997        Nov 21, "The Food and Drug Administration Act of 1997" was signed into law by President Clinton. The new law was designed to enhance the product development and review process; streamline the way the Agency regulates medical devices; simplify enforcement procedures; and move the Agency toward greater use of national and international standards. The law gave the FDA new powers to speed the approval of drugs to combat a host of killer diseases, including cancer and AIDS.
    (PR, NPTH, 6/4/98)(AP, 11/21/98)
1997        Nov 21, It was reported that physicists led by Norman Rostoker (73) had designed a compact, boron-fueled fusion reactor that used high-speed particles to generate electricity.
    (SFC, 11/21/97, p.A26)
1997        Nov 21, In West Virginia a house fire in Weston left 5 children dead. It was later discovered that the fire had been intentionally set for an insurance claim. In 1998 parents Janette Ables and Barbara and Ricky Brown were indicted on 15 counts.
    (SFC, 12/12/97, p.B10)(SFC, 9/18/98, p.A3)
1997        Nov 21, From Brazil it was reported that new legislation would limit public employees to a total compensation of $12,000 per month. Also proposed was the elimination of job protection that could cost 280,000 civil servants their jobs.
    (SFC, 11/21/97, p.A16)
1997        Nov 21, In Bogota, Columbia, suspected right-wing paramilitaries killed at least 14 people. Later near Urrao a suspected death squad killed 7 people including a Communist boss.
    (WSJ, 11/24/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 21, U.N. arms inspectors returned to Iraq after Saddam Hussein's three-week standoff with the United Nations over the presence of Americans on the team.
    (AP, 11/21/98)
1997        Nov 21, In Somalia five UN and European aid workers were kidnapped by fighters of the Wasangeli subclan in apparent retaliation for the seizure of a Palestinian businessman by a rival subclan, the Marjeteen, earlier in the day.
    (SFC, 11/24/97, p.A12)
1997        Nov 21, From South Korea it was reported that 6 people were arrested for spying for North Korea. Separately the government decided to seek $60 billion from the IMF to bail out of its economic crises.
    (SFC, 11/21/97, p.D2,6)

1998        Nov 21, President Clinton, visiting South Korea, warned North Korea to forsake nuclear weapons and urged the North to seize a "historic opportunity" for peace with the South.
    (AP, 11/21/99)
1998        Nov 21, Isao Okawa, chairman of CSK Corp., and Sega Enterprises, donated $27 million to MIT for the creation of a center for children founded on the belief that new digital technology will drive fundamental changes in education.
    (SFC, 11/23/98, p.A5)
1998        Nov 21, Rail workers in southern France extended their strike for the 12th day. A Europe-wide rail strike was planned for Nov 27.
    (SFEC, 11/22/98, p.A26)
1998        Nov 21, In Indonesia Pres. Habibie ordered a new corruption inquiry into former autocrat Suharto.
    (SFEC, 11/22/98, p.A24)
1998        Nov 21, Italian officials released Kurdish separatist leader Abdullah Ocalan, the head of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, the main Kurdish rebel group.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
1998        Nov 21, From Mexico it was reported that hundreds of people had been evacuated from villages near Volcano de Fuego, which threatened to erupt within days.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A6)
1998        Nov 21, In Russia it was reported that an icy storm claimed 13 lives in Moscow over the last week.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A6)

1999        Nov 21, President Clinton, speaking at a conference in Florence, Italy, called on prosperous nations to spread global wealth by helping poor countries with Internet hookups, cell phones, debt relief and small loans.
    (AP, 11/21/00)
1999        Nov 21, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation announced a $26 million donation to UNICEF for the elimination of tetanus.
    (SFEC, 11/21/99, p.A2)
1999        Nov 21, Some 3,000 of 8,000 demonstrators crossed onto the Fort Benning army base in Georgia to protest against the School of the Americas and the 10 year anniversary of Jesuit priests killed in El Salvador by soldiers trained at the school.
    (SFC, 11/22/99, p.A2)
1999        Nov 21, Quentin Crisp (born as Denis Pratt), writer, performer and raconteur, died in Manchester, England, at age 90. His books included "The Naked Civil Servant," "How to Become a Virgin" and "New York Diaries."
    (SFC, 11/22/99, p.C4)
1999        Nov 21, Afghanistan and Iran resumed trade following recently imposed UN restrictions on Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 11/22/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 21, In Chechnya some 5,000 rebels barricaded themselves in Grozny in preparation for a Russian offensive.
    (SFC, 11/22/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 21, In Colombia Jaime Orlando Lara (30) was extradited to the US for smuggling heroine to the US. He was the first drug offender to be extradited since 1990.
    (SFC, 11/22/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 21, In Jordan King Abdullah pardoned 25 Hamas members and expelled 4 of them to Qatar. Jordanian authorities expelled Khalid Mishal, Ibrahim Ghawsha, and two other members to Qatar; released the remaining detainees; and announced that the HAMAS offices would remain closed permanently. Charges against the HAMAS officials included possession of weapons and explosives for use in illegal acts. 
    (SFC, 11/22/99, p.A13)(Econ, 10/10/09, p.50)(www.fas.org/irp/threat/terror_99/mideast.html)
1999        Nov 21, In South Korea thousands of workers gathered in Seoul and demanded a reduction of the workweek from 44 to 40 hours. They also protested government plans to privatize state-run power, gas and financial firms.
    (SFC, 11/22/99, p.A13)

2000        Nov 21, Pres. Clinton agreed not to punish China for exporting missile components to Iran and Pakistan after China promised to end future technological cooperations with countries seeking to develop missile weaponry.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.A20)
2000        Nov 21, In a setback for George W. Bush, the Florida Supreme Court granted Al Gore's request to keep the presidential recounts going; Democrats were jubilant, Republicans bitter and angry. The Florida Supreme Court issued a 42-page unanimous decision that called for the recount in 3 counties to continue and that results be posted no later than 9 a.m. Nov 27.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/21/01)
2000        Nov 21, Research published in a British medical journal showed children who use mobile phones risk suffering memory loss, sleeping disorders and headaches. The study said that those younger than 18 are more vulnerable to cell phone radiation because their immune systems are less robust.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
2000        Nov 21, In Bosnia final election results were released. Hard-line nationalists won support among the Serbs and Croats. Mirko Sarovic was declared the winner of the Bosnian Serb republic over prime minister Milorad Dodik.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.C5)(SFC, 11/24/00, p.D8)
2000        Nov 21, Egypt recalled its envoy from Israel to protest the bombings in Gaza.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.A18)
2000        Nov 21, In Egypt at least 11 people were left dead after robbers escaped with $361,000 from the National Bank of Egypt in Maragha following a gun battle with police.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.C6)
2000        Nov 21, An Israeli motorist was wounded and a Palestinian was killed in the Gaza Strip.
    (WSJ, 11/22/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 21, In Peru the legislature refused to accept the resignation of Pres. Fujimori and ousted him for moral incapacity.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.A18)
2000        Nov 21, In Serbia Slobodan Milosevic was declared the only candidate for head of the Socialist Party.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.A19)
2000        Nov 21, In Spain Ernest Lluch (63), a former government minister, was killed by suspected ETA gunmen in a Barcelona suburb.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.C6)

2001        Nov 21, Tiger Woods won his 4th consecutive PGA Grand Slam with a win at Poipu Bay in Hawaii.
    (SFC, 12/30/01, p.D8)
2001        Nov 21, Florida disbarred F. Lee Bailey (68) for payment in a 1994 drug case that was supposed to go to the government.
    (SFC, 11/22/01, p.A20)
2001        Nov 21, A series of 100 waves broke over Maverick’s Reef in Half Moon Bay, Ca.
    (SFC, 1/31/07, p.A1)
2001        Nov 21, Ottilie W. Lundgren (94) of Oxford, Conn., died of inhalational anthrax in a case that baffled investigators.
    (SFC, 11/21/01, p.A10)(AP, 11/21/02)
2001        Nov 21, Actor-turned-author Gardner McKay died in Honolulu at age 69.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
2001        Nov 21, In Afghanistan the Taliban in Kandahar pledged to continue their fight.
    (SFC, 11/22/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 21, India border forces in Kashmir killed at least 12 suspected Islamic guerrillas trying to cross a cease-fire line with Pakistan.
    (SFC, 11/22/01, p.A21)
2001        Nov 21, Nepal's Maoist rebel leader Prachanda (b.1954), the name means fierce, announced a withdrawal from a 4-month cease-fire agreement. Attacks on police stations and government installations quickly followed.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A12)(Econ, 8/23/08, p.33)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prachanda)

2002        Nov 21, The United States and the Philippines signed a controversial agreement which would allow U.S. forces to use the Asian country as a supply point for military operations.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
2002        Nov 21, A US-led consortium said it is suspending construction of 2 new nuclear reactors in North Korea.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.A3)
2002        Nov 21, The US National Book Awards were presented. Robert A. Caro won the non-fiction award for "Master of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson;" the fiction award went to Julia Glass for "Three Junes;" the poetry award was won by Ruth Stone for "In the Next Galaxy."
    (SFC, 11/21/02, p.A2)
2002        Nov 21, Intensive cleaning began aboard the cruise ship Disney Magic after over 100 passengers fell sick from an unknown stomach virus.
    (SFC, 11/23/02, p.A2)
2002        Nov 21, Merck published a study of vaccine that prevents cervical cancers caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) that could be available by 2006.
    (WSJ, 11/21/02, p.A1)(SFC, 11/21/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 21, The International Monetary Fund agreed to Argentina's request to postpone for a year a $141 million loan payment due the next day.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
2002        Nov 21, In Australia speaker Jonathan Hunt ruled that "knitting is permitted in the house but is not permitted from the minister's chair." Retired lawmaker Marilyn Waring admitted to knitting 32 garments during 9 years in Parliament. She said in her autobiography it was the only productive thing she had accomplished in the debating chamber.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
2002        Nov 21, The 19 NATO leaders demanded that Iraq "fully and immediately" comply with a UN resolution to disarm. It was at the NATO Summit in Prague that the NATO Response Force initiative was announced together with the other major military transformation initiatives, the Prague Capabilities Commitment and the fundamental revision of the NATO military command structure. The NRF concept was approved by Ministers of Defense in June 2003 in Brussels.
    (AP, 11/21/02)(http://www.nato.int/issues/nrf/index.html)
2002        Nov 21, The Baltic nations of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania joined former communist states Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia as the next wave of NATO states.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
2002        Nov 21, Al-Qaida leader Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri, the network's chief of operations in the Persian Gulf, was reported to have been captured earlier in the month. The Saudi of Yemeni descent was captured in Dubai and flown to a CIA prison in Afghanistan and then onto Thailand where he was waterboarded and interrogated. He had allegedly planned the Oct 12, 2000, attack on the US Navy destroyer Cole.
    (AP, 11/21/02)(SFC, 9/29/11, p.A2)
2002        Nov 21, In Indonesia Imam Samudra (35), the suspected mastermind of last month's devastating Bali bombings was arrested near Jakarta.
    (Reuters, 11/21/02)
2002        Nov 21, A Palestinian man wearing a bomb belt blew himself up on a Jerusalem city bus packed with high school students and soldiers, killing 11 passengers and wounding dozens in a morning rush hour attack. Four of the victims were aged 8 to 16.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
2002        Nov 21, Prince Takamado, a member of the Japanese imperial household known for his love of sports, died after collapsing while playing squash.
    (Reuters, 11/21/02)
2002        Nov 21, In Sidon, Lebanon, Bonnie Witherall (31), an American missionary, was shot and killed at a Christian center that provides medical care and aid to Palestinian refugees.
    (AP, 11/21/02)
2002        Nov 21, In Kaduna, Nigeria, protesters set fire to cars and churches in the during demonstrations over a newspaper article suggesting Islam's founding prophet might have chosen a wife from among contestants in the Miss World beauty pageant in Nigeria. Witnesses said at least four people were stabbed and burned to death. Some 200 people died in ensuing riots and the writer of the article was forced to flee to Norway.
    (AP, 11/21/02)(Econ, 4/30/11, p.72)
2002        Nov 21, In Pakistan Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali, a moderate government loyalist, was elected PM.
    (SFC, 11/22/02, p.A11)
2002        Nov 21, In northern Pakistan a 5.5 earthquake hit the Gilgit region and at least 25 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/22/02, p.A18)

2003        Nov 21, Health officials said a deadly outbreak of hepatitis A at a Chi-Chi's Mexican restaurant in suburban Pittsburgh was probably caused by green onions from Mexico.
    (AP, 11/21/04)
2003        Nov 21, The Air Force conducted a 2nd test of the "Mother of All Bombs," officially the Massive Ordnance Air Blast, in Florida. It was 1st tested Mar 11.
    (AP, 11/21/03)
2003        Nov 21, In northern Afghanistan at least 60 suspected Taliban and Taliban sympathizers were released from Shibergan jail in Jawzjan province.
    (AP, 11/22/03)
2003        Nov 21, In Bolivia assailants shot and killed Jessica Nicole Borda (22), the daughter of an American consular official, during a carjacking attempt in the eastern city of Santa Cruz.
    (AP, 11/21/03)
2003        Nov 21, In Brazil Pres. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva pledged to provide homesteads for 400,000 poor farm families by 2006. His Bolsa Familia plan merged 4 income transfer programs into one with payments to the poorest families of up to 95 reais ($33) a month. By 2008 some 11 million families received benefits under the plan.
    (Econ, 10/25/03, p.35)(AP, 11/22/03)(Econ, 2/9/08, p.39)
2003        Nov 21, In Colombia Rev. Jose Rubin Rodriguez, a Catholic priest who was missing for a week, was found shot to death. The army captured a suspected rebel who it says coordinated the kidnapping of eight foreign backpackers two months ago.
    (AP, 11/22/03)
2003        Nov 21, More than a dozen rockets fired from donkey carts slammed into Iraq's Oil Ministry and two downtown Baghdad hotels used by foreign journalists and civilian defense contractors.
    (AP, 11/21/04)
2003        Nov 21, Peru's Pres. Toledo apologized for the 70,000 deaths from the country's 20-year battle with the Shining Path insurgency, and promised to punish officers that a scathing report blamed for many of the worst abuses.
    (AP, 11/22/03)

2004        Nov 21, President Bush, trying to mend relations with Latin America, pledged during an economic summit in Chile to make a fresh push for stalled immigration reforms.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2004        Nov 21, Donald Trump's casino empire filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2004        Nov 21, The NBA suspended Indiana's Ron Artest for the rest of the season following a brawl that broke out at the end of a game against the Detroit Pistons.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2004        Nov 21, A trespassing deer hunter in northern Wisconsin opened fire on other hunters when they asked him to leave, killing 5 and wounding 3. Another hunter died the next day. Police arrested Chai Soua Vang, a Hmong man of St. Paul Minn., for killing 6 hunters. In 2005 Vang (36) was convicted of 1st degree murder and sentenced to 6 life terms.
    (AP, 11/22/04)(WSJ, 11/23/04, p.A1)(SFC, 11/9/05, p.A3)
2004        Nov 21, US led troops mounted overnight raids on suspected al-Qaida compounds in eastern Afghanistan, killing four people and detaining several others.
    (AP, 11/21/04)
2004        Nov 21, Scientists began releasing water from Glen Canyon Dam to flood the Grand Canyon in a 5-day effort to restore the Colorado river ecosystem.
    (SFC, 11/22/04, p.A2)
2004        Nov 21, In Chile Asia-Pacific leaders wrapped up an annual summit dominated by US President George W. Bush's core security agenda.
    (AP, 11/21/04)
2004        Nov 21, In northern China a Bombardier CRJ-200 passenger plane crashed in an ice-covered lake seconds after takeoff, killing all 54 people aboard and one person on the ground after an apparent midair explosion.
    (AP, 11/21/04)(WSJ, 11/22/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 21, Iraq's Electoral Commission set national elections for January 30.
    (AP, 11/21/04)
2004        Nov 21, In southern Israel swarms of locusts devoured lawns and palm trees.
    (AP, 11/21/04)
2004        Nov 21, At least 66 Maoist rebels and 10 government troopers were killed in an overnight clash in Nepal's far-western Pandon village.
    (AP, 11/21/04)
2004        Nov 21, Ukrainians cast ballots in a presidential run-off.
    (AP, 11/21/04)

2005        Nov 21, President Bush, the first US chief executive to visit Mongolia, saluted Mongolia's "fearless warriors" for helping his embattled effort to establish democracy in the heart of the Middle East.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, The US federal Centers for Disease Control said a man from Great Britain has been diagnosed with the human form of mad cow disease, the 2nd documented US case of the illness.
    (AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 21, Camden, NJ, was named the most dangerous city in the USA for the 2nd year in a row by the Morgan Quitno, a Kansa-based publishing and research company.
    (SFC, 11/21/05, p.A2)
2005        Nov 21, In New Mexico, police arrested Monsignor Dale Fushek (53), former vicar gen’l. of the Phoenix Roman Catholic Diocese, on sex charges involving boys and young men. On May 22, 2006, three of the 10 misdemeanor counts were dismissed at the request of the prosecution. On December 5, 2006, the lawsuit filed on January 27, 2005, was settled by the Diocese of Phoenix for $100,000. The settlement does not imply any admission of guilt, according to the Diocesan attorney Mike Haran. The case was dismissed with prejudice, which means it cannot be refiled.
    (SFC, 11/22/05, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dale_Fushek)
2005        Nov 21, General Motors Corp. said it will eliminate 30,000 jobs and close nine North American assembly, stamping and powertrain plants by 2008 as part of an effort to get production in line with demand and position the world's biggest automaker to start making money again after absorbing nearly $4 billion in losses so far this year.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, Intel Corp. and Micron Tech. announced plans to form a joint venture, IM Flash Technologies LLC, to make flash memory for consumer tech gadgets.
    (SFC, 11/22/05, p.C1)
2005        Nov 21, Hugh Sidey (78), Time magazine political columnist, died in Paris.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2005        Nov 21, British authorities said Diepreye Alamieyeseigha (1953), the governor of Nigeria’s oil-rich state Bayelsa, has skipped bail and returned home. He had been arrested and charged in Britain for laundering millions.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, China ordered already strict anti-bird flu measures tightened following two new outbreaks in poultry, while Romania said it would destroy 2,000 farm birds after finding the virus in hens and North Korea tightened border controls.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, In Egypt ballot results showed that the banned Muslim Brotherhood won about a quarter of the parliamentary seats open in the second round of balloting despite widespread violence that marred the voting.
    (Reuters, 11/21/05)(AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 21, In Egypt Iraqi leaders backed a Sunni call for a timetable for the withdrawal of U.S.-led forces and said Iraq's opposition had a "legitimate right" of resistance. The announcement concluded a reconciliation conference backed by the Arab League.
    (AP, 11/22/05)(SFC, 11/22/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 21, Egyptian forces shot dead Salem Khadr al-Shnub, a Bedouin leader in the Sinai peninsula. He was wanted over his suspected involvement in a string of deadly bombings in the area. Two of Shnub's relatives, Sallam Sweilam and Sallam Sallam Sweilam, were also killed in the clashes.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, EU foreign ministers authorized the start of negotiations on an agreement to prepare Bosnia for EU membership a decade after the Balkan nation was ravaged by Europe's worst fighting since World War II. Leaders of Bosnia's three major ethnic groups signed an accord designed to unify the Balkans by remaking the government's constitutional structure.
    (AP, 11/21/05)(AP, 11/22/05)
2005        Nov 21, EU defense ministers adopted a plan to open up their $35 billion arms industry to increased cross-border competition within the 25-nation bloc, a landmark move designed to cut costs for tight military budgets.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, France's PM Villepin pledged to find more jobs for youths from poor suburbs, where unrest continued to simmer and a high school guard suffered a fatal heart attack trying to extinguish blazing cars.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, US forces mistakenly fired on a civilian vehicle outside an American base in a city north of Baghdad, killing 5 people, including 2 children. Gunmen in Tarmiya killed 4 police officers. In Basra gunmen killed a Sunni cleric. A US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb near Habaniya.
    (AP, 11/21/05)(SFC, 11/22/05, p.A13)(SFC, 11/23/05, p.A3)
2005        Nov 21, PM Ariel Sharon asked Israel's president to dissolve parliament, pushing for a quick March election just hours after deciding to leave his hard-line Likud Party and to form a new centrist party.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, Kenya held a referendum on the country’s 1st proper constitution since independence. Voters divided into 2 factions over the referendum: bananas called for a yes vote and oranges said no. Voters rejected the new constitution (57-43%), supported by Pres. Kibaki, the most serious political setback since he was elected nearly 3 years ago.
    (AP, 11/22/05)(Econ, 11/26/05, p.58)
2005        Nov 21, Hezbollah guerrillas in Lebanon fired mortars and rockets at Israeli troops in a disputed border area, the first clash between the two sides in five months. 4 Hezbollah guerrillas were killed in raids meant to capture Israeli troops along the Lebanon border.
    (AP, 11/21/05)(WSJ, 11/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 21, The leaders of Russia and Japan said the settlement of a 60-year-old dispute that kept their nations from formally ending their World War II hostilities requires closer economic cooperation and patient trust-building as Tokyo backed Moscow's bid to join the World Trade Organization.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, Moscow police launched operation “Counterfeit," a citywide sting operations aimed at shutting down producers and sellers of counterfeit music, movies and software, in the latest clampdown on rampant piracy that threatens Russia's bid to join the WTO.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 21, Turkey's prime minister rushed to the overwhelmingly Kurdish southeast and urged calm after weeks of rioting, vowing that his government would investigate charges that security forces, and not Kurdish guerrillas, were behind a recent fatal bombing.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, A UN count of HIV infections around the world topped 40.3 million.
    (SFC, 11/22/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 21, In Venezuela Pres. Chavez pledged to help build a natural gas pipeline stretching from Venezuela to Argentina during talks with Argentine leader Nestor Kirchner.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, In Yemen a tribesman threatened to kill two Swiss tourists he kidnapped if the government uses force to free them. Hasan Ahmed al-Dhamen said that he would kill his two hostages, a man and a woman, if security forces tried to raid his hide-out.
    (AP, 11/21/05)
2005        Nov 21, Zimbabwe's state-owned national airline grounded its entire fleet after running out of fuel as the southern African country's economy continues to crumble.
    (Reuters, 11/22/05)

2006        Nov 21, The US Environmental Protection Agency announced that pesticides can be applied over and near bodies of water without a permit under the federal Clean Water Act.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, In Atlanta, Ga., Kathryn Johnston (92) was shot to death by police after she fired at narcotics investigators as they stormed her house in a no-knock raid. In 2007 2 officers pleaded guilty to killing Johnston. One of the officers had planted marijuana there as part of a cover story. In 2009 a judge sentenced 3 former Atlanta police officers to prison for their role in the botched raid.
    (AP, 11/22/06)(SFC, 4/27/07, p.A4)(SFC, 2/25/09, p.A4)
2006        Nov 21, An Australian government report said Australia should use its uranium to fuel its own nuclear power industry and curb greenhouse gas emissions. Australia held 38% of the world’s low cost uranium reserves.
    (Econ, 11/25/06, p.59)
2006        Nov 21, In Austria diplomats said most of the 35 nations at a key meeting of the UN nuclear watchdog agency have agreed to deny Iran technical aid for a plutonium-producing reactor.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, The UN Security Council voted to extend the EU peacekeeping force in Bosnia for a year, welcoming "tangible signs" of the Balkan nation's progress toward EU membership.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, Cambodian PM Hun Sen, other senior officials and South Korea’s President Roh Moo-Hyun arrived in Siem Reap, the gateway to the famed Angkor temple complex, to kick off the Angkor-Gyeongju Culture Expo, a joint cultural festival that runs through January 2007.
    (AFP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, In northeastern China a bus carrying primary school students plunged off a bridge, killing eight of the children and injuring 39.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, Gunfire and street fights erupted outside Congo's supreme court and a blaze swept through the building as hearings began over fraud allegations in a presidential election meant to bring lasting peace. Bosange Mbaka, a reporter with the Kinshasa-based newspaper Mambenga, was arrested while covering a supreme court hearing in Kinshasa. In May 2007 media rights group Reporters Without Borders (RSF) called for his release.
    (AP, 11/21/06)(AFP, 5/21/07)
2006        Nov 21, In Paris, France, nations representing half the world's population signed a long-awaited, $12.8 billion pact for a nuclear fusion reactor that could revolutionize global energy use for future generations. The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) project by the US, the EU, China, India, Russia, Japan and South Korea will attempt to combat global warming by harnessing the fusion that runs the sun, creating an alternative to polluting fossil fuels. The project under the direction of Kaname Ikeda of Japan will be built in Cadarache in the southern French region of Provence and is expected to create about 10,000 jobs and take about eight years to build. The project was first proposed by Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985.
    (AP, 11/21/06)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.61)
2006        Nov 21, Iraq restored diplomatic relations with Syria as part of a wider regional effort to clamp off violence in Iraq. Iraqi and US forces raided Baghdad's Sadr City and detained seven militia members, including one believed to have information about an American soldier kidnapped last month. A young boy and two other people were killed in the early morning raid. A US soldier died of a non-hostile injuries north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/21/06)(AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 21, Israel's Supreme Court ordered the government to recognize same-sex marriages performed abroad.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, The Israeli military launched a three-pronged offensive in the northern Gaza Strip, killing a top Hamas commander in its latest operation against Palestinian rocket squads. An elderly Palestinian woman died in a gunbattle between troops and militants. Two Italian aid workers were kidnapped in the Gaza Strip. Both were released within 24 hours.
    (AP, 11/21/06)(AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 21, In Lebanon prominent anti-Syrian Christian politician Pierre Gemayel was assassinated in a suburb of Beirut.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, Arab and African leaders in Libya agreed to work together to end the crisis in the Darfur region of Sudan.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 21, Roberto Marcos Garcia (50), chief reporter for the weekly Testimonio crime magazine in Mexico’s port city of Veracruz, was toppled from his motorcycle and run over by unidentified assailants who then shot him at close range.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, Nepal's government and rebels signed a peace deal to end a decade-long insurgency, paving the way for the guerrillas to join the country's interim government.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, In Nicaragua Doris Jimenez (25) was murdered in San Juan. Her boyfriend Eric Volz (27), an American real estate broker working in Managua, was convicted of her murder despite evidence that placed him in Managua at the time her death. In early 2007 Volz began a 30 year sentence as he waited for an appeal.
    (WSJ, 3/17/07, p.A14)
2006        Nov 21, In Quetta, Pakistan, police arrested 39 Afghans suspected of being Taliban fighters. An Islamist group insisted the detainees were only students.
    (AP, 11/21/06)
2006        Nov 21, In southern Poland 23 coal miners were killed in an explosion at the Halemba mine.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 21, Konstantin Meshcheryakov, co-owner of a small Russian private bank, was gunned down in an apparent contract killing in central Moscow. Spetssetstroibank with offices in Moscow and St. Petersburg opened in 1994.
    (AP, 11/22/06)
2006        Nov 21, The UN said an estimated 4.3 million people were infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, in the last 12 months. The UNAIDS report estimated that the total number of people infected with HIV stood between 34-47 million.
    (http://tinyurl.com/tajka)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.84)

2007        Nov 21, Michigan’s Gov. Jennifer Granholm issued an order that bars discrimination against state workers based on their "gender identity or expression," which protects the rights of those who behave, dress or identify as members of the opposite sex.
    (AP, 11/22/07)
2007        Nov 21, New Hampshire set its presidential primary to Jan 8, claiming its traditional spot as the nation’s first primary.
    (SFC, 11/22/07, p.A4)
2007        Nov 21, Officials in the US announced the recall of more than a half-million pieces of Chinese-made children's jewelry contaminated with lead.
    (AP, 11/21/08)
2007        Nov 21, Herbert Saffir (b.1917), an engineer who created the five-category system used to describe hurricane strength, died. Saffir began working on an intensity scale in 1969 as part of a United Nations project. Saffir's scale was expanded by former National Hurricane Center director Robert H. Simpson and became known as the Saffir-Simpson scale in the 1970s.
    (AP, 11/23/07)
2007        Nov 21, Aruba authorities announced they had re-arrested Dutch student Joran van der Sloot and two Surinamese brothers, Satish and Deepak Kalpoe, on suspicion of involvement in voluntary manslaughter and causing serious bodily harm that resulted in the 2005 death of Natalee Holloway.
    (AP, 11/22/07)
2007        Nov 21, The presidents of Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey launched the construction of a railroad that will link ex-Soviet republics in the Caucasus and Central Asia with Europe, bypassing Russia.
    (AP, 11/21/07)
2007        Nov 21, PM Gordon Brown tried to reassure Britons their personal details were safe after the one of the biggest security breaches in the country's history left millions of people exposed to identity theft and bank fraud.
    (AP, 11/21/07)
2007        Nov 21, Canada’s government set aside 25 million acres of wilderness in the Northwest Territories for conservation.
    (SFC, 11/22/07, p.A3)
2007        Nov 21, Chile’s Supreme Court threw out embezzlement indictments against former dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet's widow and four of his children, who had been accused of misuse of state funds related to multimillion-dollar overseas bank accounts.
    (SFC, 11/22/07, p.A3)
2007        Nov 21, Colombia's government said it was canceling Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez's mediation role with leftist rebels in a possible hostage swap, dealing a blow to efforts to free three kidnapped US contractors and a former presidential candidate.
    (AP, 11/22/07)
2007        Nov 21, Costa Rica's president signed into law a free trade agreement (CAFTA) with its Central American neighbors, the United States and the Dominican Republic. Costa Ricans voted for the trade deal in a national referendum, moving it forward. But then it became stalled again as congress squabbled over the enabling legislation dealing with 13 different aspects of the deal. In late 2008 lawmakers overcame the final intellectual-property hurdle by allowing schools and universities to copy some materials and by reducing prison time for those guilty of selling pirated goods.
    (AP, 11/22/07)(AP, 11/11/08)
2007        Nov 21, A French judge filed preliminary charges against former President Jacques Chirac in a probe of suspicions that people were given fake jobs while he was mayor of Paris (1977-1995). Some 10,000 people, mainly tobacco sellers, marched through Paris to protest a smoking ban in cafes as of Jan 1. Coordinated acts of sabotage struck France's high-speed trains, causing further delays to services already widely disrupted by strikes, just as talks were opening to coax unions into ending their walkout.
    (AP, 11/21/07)(AP, 11/22/07)(Econ, 11/24/07, p.56)
2007        Nov 21, Two British teenagers (16) faced up to three years in jail after a Ghanaian court found them guilty of smuggling 6 kg (13 lbs) of cocaine. The teenagers, who pleaded not guilty, had told British TV they were tricked into carrying the bags by male acquaintances in Ghana and Britain and did not know their content. In 2008 the 2 girls were sentenced to one year in jail to include time already served. They were released on July 17, 2008.
    (Reuters, 11/21/07)(AP, 1/23/08)(AFP, 7/17/08)
2007        Nov 21, In Hungary several trade unions and civic groups held a series of strikes and protests against the Socialist-led government's plans to privatize health insurance and close some railway lines.
    (AP, 11/22/07)
2007        Nov 21, India and the International Atomic Energy Agency agreed to start negotiations on putting Indian reactors under IAEA safeguards, clearing a key hurdle to closing a US-Indian nuclear supply pact. Dozens of soldiers marched through Calcutta and police imposed a curfew to try to quell riots that erupted after protesters alleged government brutality.
    (Reuters, 11/21/07)(AP, 11/21/07)
2007        Nov 21, A suicide car bomb exploded at a police checkpoint guarding a courthouse in Ramadi, killing at least six people in the largest attack on Anbar province's capital in months. Iraqi security forces found 40 decomposed bodies, including women and children, north of Ramadi near Lake Tharthar in an area controlled until recently by al-Qaida in Iraq. A police officer was killed in a drive-by shooting in central Kut. The US military said six suspected militants were killed and 10 captured in two days of raids across central and northern Iraq.
    (AP, 11/21/07)(AP, 11/22/07)
2007        Nov 21, Owners of the only salmon farm in Northern Ireland said they have lost their entire population of more than 100,000 fish, worth some $2 million, to a jellyfish attack. Pelagia nocticula, popularly known as the mauve stinger, is noted for its purplish night-time glow and its propensity for terrorizing bathers in the warmer Mediterranean Sea. Until the past decade, the mauve stinger has rarely been spotted so far north in British or Irish waters, and scientists cite this as evidence of global warming.
    (AP, 11/22/07)
2007        Nov 21, Pakistan asked a key international forum comprising Britain and its former colonies to delay a decision on whether to suspend it from the Commonwealth. Law Minister Afzal Hayder said the government had freed 5,634 political activists and anti-government lawyers, including cricketer Imran Kahn. 623 people remained in government custody. The army said security forces attacked mountaintop positions of pro-Taliban militants in the Swat region of northwestern Pakistan, leaving 40 fighters dead.
    (AP, 11/21/07)
2007        Nov 21, In Senegal street vendors protesting an attempt to clear them from the center of Dakar clashed with police, throwing rocks at officers who fired tear gas to disperse the crowd. Last week, Senegal's security forces began clearing the capital's intersections of hawkers and beggars under a presidential decree aimed at bringing some order to Dakar's clogged streets.
    (AP, 11/22/07)
2007        Nov 21, Ishmael Beah (27), a former child soldier and survivor of Sierra Leone's civil war, was appointed UNICEF's first Advocate for Children Affected by War.
    (AP, 11/22/07)
2007        Nov 21, A South African police officer died when a helicopter carrying 14 police officers and five air force officials crashed near the border with Lesotho.
    (AFP, 11/21/07)
2007        Nov 21, In northern Sri Lanka soldiers killed nine Tamil Tiger rebels in several clashes.
    (AP, 11/21/07)
2007        Nov 21, In southern Thailand unidentified gunmen killed four local government employees in the same district where a prominent political party leader was campaigning.
    (AP, 11/21/07)
2007        Nov 21, The UN Security Council extended the EU's peacekeeping force in Bosnia for a year, citing the Balkan nation's "very limited progress" towards EU membership and its failure to implement key reforms.
    (AP, 11/22/07)
2007        Nov 21, The UN Security Council welcomed a deal signed by Congo and Rwanda to forcibly disarm Rwandan Hutu rebels in Congo in an effort to reduce tensions between the central African neighbors.
    (Reuters, 11/21/07)
2007        Nov 21, In Venezuela tens of thousands of President Hugo Chavez's supporters filled the streets to back his proposed constitutional changes, while anti-government student leaders announced a bold plan to march on the presidential palace.
    (AP, 11/21/07)
2007        Nov 21, More than 60 migrants drowned when their boat capsized off Yemen during an attempt to flee their war torn homeland of Somalia.
    (AP, 11/22/07)

2008        Nov 21, The DJIA rose 494.13 to close at 8,046.42 following news that Pres.-elect Obama would likely pick Timothy Geithner, chief of the New York Federal Reserve, as the next Treasury secretary.
    (SFC, 11/22/08, p.C1)
2008        Nov 21, The Nebraska Legislature voted 43-5 to make abandonment of children legal only for infants up to 30 days old. Gov. Dave Heinemen signed the emergency bill effective after midnight.
    (SFC, 11/22/08, p.A2)
2008        Nov 21, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber rammed the gate of an army base in the southern province of Zabul, killing three civilians and seriously wounding four Afghan soldiers. A man was killed after being interrogated by the Taliban leadership. US-led troops shot and killed a civilian in Khost when the vehicle he was in came too close to a patrol. 8 wedding-goers were killed when two or three grenades were thrown into the men's section of the wedding in the northern province of Parwan.
    (AP, 11/21/08)(AFP, 11/22/08)
2008        Nov 21, Mario Ferreyra (63), an ex-Argentine police commander, committed suicide in front of rolling television cameras as he was about to be arrested for alleged human rights violations during the country's dictatorship.
    (AP, 11/22/08)
2008        Nov 21, Canada and Colombia signed a free trade agreement, hoping to boost investment and trade flows at a time of global economic instability.
    (AP, 11/22/08)
2008        Nov 21, Chinese authorities destroyed the home of leading rights activist Ni Yulan in front of her distraught husband who pleaded with the government to release her from jail. Chen Daojun, a writer and journalist who was arrested after protesting against a power plant in southwest China, was sentenced to three years in prison on charges of subverting state power.
    (AFP, 11/21/08)
2008        Nov 21, In eastern Congo armed men shot and killed a 20-year-old woman at the Kibati refugee camp where thousands of displaced people live in constant fear, caught between soldiers and rebels. Armed men also forced families there out of their huts and looted them. Didace Namujimbo, a journalist working for a UN-backed radio station, was shot dead in Bukavu.
    (AP, 11/21/08)(AP, 11/22/08)
2008        Nov 21, Ethiopia’s government said the death toll from floods in southeastern Ethiopia has risen to 17 and more than 100,000 people have been left homeless.
    (AP, 11/21/08)
2008        Nov 21, German security officials said they are dropping the pursuit of a ban on Scientology after finding insufficient evidence of illegal activity.
    (AP, 11/22/08)
2008        Nov 21, Germany banned Hezbollah's Lebanon-based satellite television station on grounds that it violates the country's constitution.
    (AP, 11/23/08)
2008        Nov 21, In Iraq thousands of followers of a radical Shiite cleric protested a proposed US-Iraqi security deal, burning an effigy of President George W. Bush in the same square where Iraqis beat a toppled Saddam Hussein statue five years ago.
    (AP, 11/21/08)
2008        Nov 21, A shootout between Lebanese soldiers and a group of gunmen in the northern port city of Tripoli left one of the gunmen dead and two wounded.
    (AP, 11/21/08)
2008        Nov 21, In Mexico Attorney General Eduardo Medina Mora told reporters that Noe Ramirez, Mexico’s former drug czar, accepted $450,000 from drug traffickers, and that cartel leaders offered to pay him monthly for alerting them to planned police operations. In 2013 the case against Ramirez was dropped due to lack of evidence. In Tijuana 3 gunmen burst into the Bar Utopia, a bar popular with university students and opened fire. 2 men and a woman died instantly and 3 others died the next day.
    (AP, 11/21/08)(AP, 11/22/08)(AP, 4/24/13)
2008        Nov 21, Courts in military-ruled Myanmar handed long prison sentences to a prominent Buddhist monk and Zarganar, a popular comedian active in the country's pro-democracy movement, rounding out two weeks of an intensive judicial crackdown on activists.
    (AP, 11/21/08)
2008        Nov 21, Amsterdam said it will order the closure of dozens of coffee shops that sell cannabis near schools in accordance with new legislation.
    (AP, 11/21/08)
2008        Nov 21, In northwestern Pakistan a bomb killed eight mourners at the funeral of Shiite cleric Allama Nazir Shah Naqvi, who was fatally shot earlier in the day.
    (AP, 11/21/08)(SFC, 11/22/08, p.A3)
2008        Nov 21, Vadim Pokrovsky, Russia's anti-AIDS coordinator, said the number of registered HIV cases is growing 10 percent a year despite increased government funding. He said that the actual number of people with HIV was likely higher than 1 million.
    (AP, 11/21/08)
2008        Nov 21, Somali security forces and Islamic insurgents engaged in one of the fiercest gunbattles in recent weeks in Mogadishu, killing at least 17 people and wounding six.
    (AP, 11/21/08)
2008        Nov 21, Somali pirates released a hijacked Greek-owned tanker with all 19 crew safe and the oil cargo intact. The Liberian-flagged tanker MV Genius had been seized on Sept. 26. The ship's management company said a ransom was paid but did not say how much.
    (AP, 11/22/08)
2008        Nov 21, Zimbabwe refused to let former UN secretary-general Kofi Annan, ex-US President Jimmy Carter and rights advocate Graca Machel to visit the impoverished African country for a humanitarian mission. They came as members of The Elders group, formed by former South African President Nelson Mandela to foster peace and tackle world conflicts.
    (AP, 11/22/08)

2009        Nov 21, Th US Senate voted 60-39 to open debate on the health care bill. The vote was hailed a victory for Pres. Obama, but final passage of the legislation was far from certain.
    (AP, 11/22/09)
2009        Nov 21, In Afghanistan a rocket hit outside the luxury Serena Hotel in Kabul, wounding two people. NATO took command of the training of the Afghan army and police to consolidate efforts on building an effective security force, a vital precondition for the withdrawal of foreign troops.
    (AP, 11/21/09)(Reuters, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, Australia issued "catastrophic" alerts after record-breaking temperatures and wild lightning storms sparked more than 100 fires across the country.
    (AFP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, The University of East Anglia, in eastern England, said computer hackers have broken into a server at a well-respected climate change research center and posted hundreds of private e-mails and documents online, stoking debate over whether some scientists have overstated the case for man-made climate change. More than a decade of correspondence between leading British and US scientists was included in about 1,000 e-mails and 3,000 documents posted on Web sites following the security breach last week.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, In northern China a gas explosion tore through the state-run Xinxing coal mine in Heilongjiang province, killing at least 107 people with 2 missing.
    (AP, 11/21/09)(AP, 11/22/09)(AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 21, Indonesian authorities picked up Abdul Basir Latip, a co-founder of the Al Qaeda-linked Abu Sayyaf extremist group, at Jakarta airport for using a false passport.
    (AFP, 12/16/09)
2009        Nov 21, Italian police arrested a Pakistani father and son accused of helping fund and providing logistical support for last year's terrorist attacks in Mumbai, India. The day before the attacks began on Nov. 26 they allegedly sent money using a stolen identity to a US company to activate Internet phone accounts used by the attackers and their handlers.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, In Northern Ireland a car containing a 400-pound (180kg) device, crashed through barriers outside the Belfast headquarters of the province's policing supervision board and partially exploded. Elsewhere, police exchanged shots with paramilitaries in a border village and 3 people were arrested.
    {Northern Ireland}
    (AFP, 11/22/09)
2009        Nov 21, In Pakistani Kashmir 3 suspected Taliban militants blew themselves up as police chased them.
    (Reuters, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, Hamas announced that it has reached an agreement with other militant groups in Gaza to stop firing rockets at southern Israeli towns to prevent retaliatory attacks.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, Russia’s PM Vladimir Putin pledged to widen the country’s anti-crisis aid package with a car scrappage scheme and mortgage support to jolt the economy out of the worst recession in 15 years. President Dmitry Medvedev sharply criticized officials in the ruling Kremlin-backed party for manipulating recent regional votes, saying it must learn to win fairly.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, Russian spaceship designer Konstantin Feoktistov (83), the only non-Communist space traveler in the history of the Soviet space program, died. In 1964, he traveled aboard the Voskhod spaceship as part of the first group space flight in history.
    (AP, 11/22/09)
2009        Nov 21, Saudi health officials announced the first deaths from swine flu of this year's annual pilgrimage to Mecca, as four pilgrims succumbed to the disease soon after arriving in Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, Sri Lanka said it would grant free movement to the remaining war-displaced civilians held in internment camps, meeting a key demand of the international community. The government reiterated it would complete the resettlement of civilians by the end of January.
    (AFP, 11/21/09)
2009        Nov 21, In Sudan Silva Kashif (16), a girl from south Sudan, was arrested convicted and lashed 50 times after a Khartoum judge ruled her knee-length skirt was indecent. Her mother, Jenty Doro, later said she planned to sue the police who made the arrest and the judge who imposed the sentence, as her daughter was underage and a Christian.
    (Reuters, 11/27/09)(AFP, 11/28/09)

2010        Nov 21, A national US study by CQ Press found St. Louis as the nation's most dangerous city in 2009, overtaking Camden, NJ. Detroit, Flint, Mich., and Oakland, Calif., rounded out the top five. For the second straight year, the safest city with more than 75,000 residents was Colonie, NY.
    (AP, 11/22/10)
2010        Nov 21, In Afghanistan 3 civilians were killed by a roadside bomb in Kandahar province. Small arms fire and a rocket attack killed the police chief of Musa Khel district of Khost province. ISAF said more than 20 militants were killed in air strikes and fighting, mainly in the restive south. The watchdog panel charged with rooting out fraud in the recent parliamentary election disqualified 19 candidates who had been announced as winners in preliminary results. A man working on a stream clearing project in Kandahar province was killed by an unknown gunman in front of his children in Zhari district. 7 were killed, two were wounded and four were captured during a clearing operation that ended in Herat province. In northern Kunduz province, insurgents attacked a checkpoint set up by a local police force, sparking heavy fighting. Two of the local police were killed, along with 17 of the attackers. A NATO service member died in an insurgent attack in southern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 11/21/10)(AP, 11/21/10)(AP, 11/22/10)(AP, 11/25/10)
2010        Nov 21, in Afghanistan US Marine Cpl. William Carpenter took a blow fram a grenade to save a fellow Marine in Helmand province and was severely wounded. In 2014 Pres. Obama awarded him the Medal of Honor.
    (SFC, 6/20/14, p.A6)
2010        Nov 21, Burkina Faso held presidential elections. President Blaise Compaore (59), a former army captain, was expected to win as he faced an opposition so divided it could not mount a unified campaign to fight him effectively at the polls. State media suggested Compaore won at least 80% of the peaceful vote.
    (AP, 11/21/10)(Econ, 11/27/10, p.58)
2010        Nov 21, In China water flooded a small coal mine, trapping 28 people as they did safety work to expand the mine's capacity. 13 workers escaped and rescue work was continuing for the 28 missing at the Batian mine in the southwestern province of Sichuan. 29 miners were rescued on Nov 22.
    (AP, 11/21/10)(Econ, 11/27/10, p.51)
2010        Nov 21, In Indonesia the death toll from the Mount Merapi volcano rose to 304 after more victims succumbed to severe burns and illnesses.
    (SFC, 11/22/10, p.A2)
2010        Nov 21, Iranian newspapers reported that Pres. Ahmadinejad said the best age for girls to get married was between 16 and 18. The Iranian intelligence ministry said its security forces have killed two "terrorists" in clashes in the Kurdish-populated western city of Sanandaj.
    (Reuters, 11/21/10)(AFP, 11/21/10)
2010        Nov 21, Ireland became the second European country to ask for a multibillion euro emergency loan to help stabilize its debt-ridden banks. Finance Minister Brian Lenihan (1959-2011) recommended to a cabinet meeting that the government should apply for a financial bailout program from the EU and the IMF.
    (AP, 11/21/10)(AFP, 11/21/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brian_Lenihan,_Jnr)
2010        Nov 21, In Israel 2 workers were killed and two others were in critical condition in a Haifa hospital after inhaling poisonous material from an accidental leak at the country's oil refinery.
    (AP, 11/24/10)
2010        Nov 21, In Mexico Silverio Cavazos Ceballos (41), the former governor of the Pacific state of Colima (2005-2009), was shot dead by a group of armed men. Police mounting an operation to find the killers came across a doctor in an area near the crime. He was startled by officers and began to run away. They shot him dead when he ignored orders to stop.
    (AP, 11/21/10)(AP, 11/22/10)
2010        Nov 21, In Pakistan 4 suspected US missiles slammed into a house in North Waziristan, killing six people. The dead included 3 militants and 3 local tribesmen harboring them.
    (AP, 11/21/10)
2010        Nov 21, Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas said that he will not return to the negotiating table with Israel without a settlement freeze that includes annexed Arab east Jerusalem. Thousands of young Jewish settlers held a mass demonstration outside Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu's offices in Jerusalem in protest at plans for a new ban on settlement building.
    (AFP, 11/21/10)
2010        Nov 21, Poles voted in local elections expected to reward the government's reluctance to trim the welfare state in the EU's largest new member, the only one in Europe to avoid a recession.
    (AP, 11/21/10)
2010        Nov 21, A global tiger summit meeting in St. Petersburg, Russia, approved a wide-ranging program with the goal of doubling the world's tiger population in the wild by 2022 backed by governments of the 13 countries that still have tiger populations: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam and Russia. Experts said wild tigers could become extinct in 12 years if countries where they still roam fail to take quick action to protect their habitats and step up the fight against poaching.
    (AP, 11/21/10)
2010        Nov 21, In central Somalia at least 13 people were killed in heavy clashes that began a day earlier between armed groups fighting for control of villages.
    (AP, 11/21/10)

2011        Nov 21, The US approved extra curbs on Iran’s banking system and oil industry in an ongoing effort to thwart the country’s nuclear program.
    (SFC, 12/1/11, p.A3)
2011        Nov 21, US Congress' super-committee conceded ignominious defeat in its quest to conquer a government debt that stands at a staggering $15 trillion, unable to overcome deep and enduring political divisions over taxes and spending. Their failure to cut at least $1.2 trillion was set to trigger automatic spending cuts.
    (AP, 11/21/11)(SFC, 11/22/11, p.A6)
2011        Nov 21, Arizona police arrested Jerice Hunter, the mother of missing Jhessye Shockley (5), on child abuse charges "directly related" to the girl, and said they don't believe they'll find the child alive. Jhessye was last seen Oct. 11 after Hunter said she went out for an errand and left the girl in the care of three older siblings.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Robert Burke (43), a former elementary school principal in Dubuque, Iowa, was sentenced to 30 years in prison after pleading guilty to one count of producing child pornography involving students at his school. Burke was also fined $25,000.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 21, An Argentine air force Piper P-28 Dakota collided with a civilian plane being used for flight school training as both were nearing the small airport in the town of Mercedes. 2 people were killed when the civilian plane crashed.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Armenia said it will retaliate for the weekend killings of two ethnic Armenian soldiers by Azeri snipers who fired into a disputed breakaway enclave.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Authorities in Bahrain said prosecutors have charged 20 members of the security forces for alleged abuse of protesters during a Shiite-led uprising against the Gulf kingdom's Sunni rulers.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, The International Monetary Fund urged Bangladesh to tighten monetary policy further to fight runaway inflation and warned that economic growth could undershoot the government's expectations.
    (AFP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Brazil’s Ministry of the Environment, IBAMA, said it will fine Chevron Corp. nearly $28 million for the Nov 7 oil spill off the coast of Rio de Janeiro state. In December an additional $5.6 million was added for poor contingency planning.
    (SSFC, 11/27/11, p.A10)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.23)
2011        Nov 21, Britain’s PM David Cameron and deputy PM Nick Clegg launched a scheme to support first-time home buyers through a scheme enabling them to take out 95% mortgages. They will pledged an extra £50 million on top of the £100 million from this year's budget towards an initiative to refurbish empty homes.
    (AFP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Burundi security forces shot dead 18 "armed bandits" in clashes in the eastern province of Cankuzo, part of a new rebellion based in Ruvubu National Park.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 21, A Canadian judge upheld an order to evict protesters camped in a downtown Toronto park, giving the Occupy Toronto movement until midnight to vacate the park it has held for more than a month.
    (Reuters, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Colombia’s National Police Director Oscar Naranjo said 14 members of a gang led by Daniel Barrera (aka Loco), one of the country's most wanted drug trafficking suspects, were detained over the weekend in Bogota, Barranquilla and Cartagena.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, The World Health Organization said 5,000 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) have already been reported this year in Djibouti compared to 2,000 in 2010. Djibouti reported two deaths since October and 127 new cases this month.
    (AFP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Egyptian security forces fired tear gas and clashed with several thousand protesters in Cairo's Tahrir Square in the third straight day of violence that has turned into the most sustained challenge yet to the rule of Egypt's military. 19 more people were killed over night raising the death toll to 24 since the violence began on Nov 19. Egypt's military-appointed cabinet of civilian officials announced its resignation late in the day, but state television quoted a SCAF source as saying this was rejected by the military. 3 American students (Derrik Sweeney (19) of Georgetown University, Luke Gates (21) of Indiana University student, and Gregory Porter (19) of Drexel University student) accused of throwing firebombs, were among those arrested. They were ordered released on Nov 24.
    (AP, 11/21/11)(AFP, 11/22/11)(SFC, 11/23/11, p.A4)(AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 21, In India lawmakers in Uttar Pradesh, India's most populous state, voted to support a call for it to be split into four smaller states. State Chief Minister Mayawati’s idea is to create four new states called Purvanchal, Bundelkhand, Paschim Pradesh and Awadh Pradesh. The final decision was up to the Congress party-led central government.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, The New Delhi-based Asian Centre for Human Rights (ACHR) said in a report released today that 1,504 people died in police custody and 12,727 in judicial custody across the country between 2001 and 2010.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 21, Jordan's King Abdullah II paid a rare visit to the West Bank to show support for Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, In Libya Abdullah Al-Senoussi, Moammar Gadhafi's intelligence chief, was captured alive by revolutionary fighters not far from where Gadhafi's son was seized a day earlier.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Madagascar announced a 35-member cabinet unveiled by consensus PM Omer Beriziky.
    (AFP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 21, In Mali army chiefs from Algeria, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, met in Bamako amid mounting concerns over the fallout from Libya's conflict on security in the troubled zone.
    (AFP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, In Mexico assailants kidnapped and killed three police officers in the city of Acuna, across the border from Del Rio, Texas. Hidalgo state police said authorities detained eight local police officers for allegedly working for the Zetas. Military authorities said soldiers in the border state of Chihuahua detained two police chiefs while they were meeting with an alleged drug trafficker.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, The Mexican army seized $15.3 million in bundles of cash believed to belong to members of the Sinaloa drug cartel. Soldiers found the piles of US bills inside a car in a downtown neighborhood of the border city of Tijuana, along with two rifles, two pistols and three kilograms (6.6 pounds) of cocaine.
    (AP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 21, In Nigeria at least seven people died in a clash in the Barkin Ladi area near the city of Jos.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 21, In Pakistan senior commanders in the Pakistani Taliban claimed to be holding initial peace talks with the government that could end a wave of bombings that has killed thousands of people. Gunmen ambushed a paramilitary Frontier Corps convoy in Baluchistan province, killing 14 soldiers. The Baluchistan Liberation Army claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 11/21/11)(AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, A Russian Soyuz capsule with 3 astronauts returned from the Int’l. Space Station landed in Kazakhstan after spending 165 days in space.
    (SFC, 11/22/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 21, Vitaly Shlykov (77), a former Soviet intelligence agent who spent years in a Swiss prison (1983-1986) after being convicted of espionage, died in Moscow. After his retirement two years later, he became a prominent scholar specializing in military policy and wrote extensively on security issues.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, In southern Senegal 10 people were killed by separatist rebels in the jungles of the Casamance region, which is separated from the rest of Senegal by the nation of Gambia.
    (AP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 21, Spain's conservative Popular Party began tackling the gigantic task of lifting the country out of its worst economic crisis in decades, following an overwhelming and historic victory in the general election.
    (AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Sri Lanka announced a surprise three percent depreciation of the rupee against a basket of currencies in a move to boost exports, as it released a 2012 budget that boosts defense spending. Lawmakers from the ruling party attacked opposition members who were protesting inside Parliament as Pres. Mahinda Rajapaksa presented next year's budget.
    (AFP, 11/21/11)(AP, 11/21/11)
2011        Nov 21, Syria's security forces carried out a "qualitative" operation in the Bayada district of Homs in which they killed four terrorists and confiscated their weapons. A "top terrorist" nicknamed Bandar was among them. Syrian soldiers opened fire on at least two buses carrying Turkish citizens.
    (AP, 11/22/11)
2011        Nov 21, Tanzania's PM Mizengo Pinda said eight suspects have been sentenced to death by hanging for the murder of albinos since a wave of witchcraft killings erupted in 2007. More than 60 albinos have been murdered in Tanzania since 2007 and their body parts chopped off to be sold to witch doctors.
    (AFP, 11/21/11)

2012        Nov 21, A US Drought Monitor report said the worst US drough in decades has deepened again with 60.1% of the lower 48 states in some form of drought.
    (SFC, 11/22/12, p.A15)
2012        Nov 21, Arysta, the Japanese maker of the pesticide methyl iodide, agreed to remove all of its products from the US market and end sales permanently. Exposure to the fumigant was shown to have caused thyroid cancer, miscarriages and nervous system damage on rats and rabbits.
    (SFC, 11/22/12, p.A15)
2012        Nov 21, In NYC Salvatore Perrone (63), a balding garment salesman, was arrested for systematically killing three shopkeepers as they worked alone in their clothing stores.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 21, In Afghanistan two men wearing suicide vests blew themselves up near a US base in Kabul, killing two Afghan guards in the heart of a neighborhood filled with foreign forces and embassies.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 21, In Afghanistan Sayid Mohammad (23), a farmer from Karim Dad village, was arrested by US Army A Team members. His footless body was found on May 21, 2013, near a former US Special Forces base in Wardak province.
    (SFC, 5/22/13, p.A3)
2012        Nov 21, Colombia's main leftist rebel group released at midnight four Chinese oil workers in the same southern jungles where it kidnapped them on June 8, 2011. They had been engaged in oil exploration work.
    (AP, 11/22/12)
2012        Nov 21, Thousands of Congolese soldiers and policemen defected to the M23 rebels, as rebel leaders vowed to take control of all Congo, including the capital Kinshasa. Congo President Joseph Kabila met with Rwanda President Paul Kagame In Uganda for emergency talks prompted by the fall of Goma. Rwanda is blamed for backing the M23 by Congo and by the United Nations.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 21, Egypt’s President Mohammed Morsi mediated a cease-fire between Israelis and Palestinians to end eight days of fierce fighting. The cease-fire deal included agreement to open all border crossings with the Gaza Strip, including with Egypt.
    (AP, 11/22/12)
2012        Nov 21, Egyptian protesters firebombed one of the offices of satellite broadcaster Al-Jazeera and attacked a police chief who tried to negotiate an end to three days of violent protests in central Cairo. Security officials said that authorities have confiscated trucks carrying explosive warheads and a variety of small-arms ammunition smuggled from Libya.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 21, India executed Mohammed Ajmal Kasab, the lone surviving gunman from the 2008 Mumbai terror attack, four years after Pakistani gunmen blazed through India's financial capital, killing 166 people.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 21, Iran’s semiofficial ISNA news agency reported that Iran has supplied Hamas in Gaza with the technology to "quickly" produce longer-range missiles on their own without needing direct shipments.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 21, Ireland's police force arrested 113 suspected drug dealers and seized five marijuana growing facilities in a two-day operation in the nation's biggest-ever crackdown on triad drug-trafficking gangs. Police said most of those arrested are Chinese and Vietnamese nationals involved in growing, smuggling and selling marijuana.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 21, A bomb exploded aboard an Israeli bus near the nation's military headquarters in Tel Aviv, wounding 27 people, delivering a major blow to diplomatic efforts to forge a truce to end a week of fighting between Israel and Gaza's militant Hamas rulers. The Tel Aviv bombing came after a night of more than 30 Israeli airstrikes over Gaza. The attacks brought to 144 the number of Palestinians killed since Israel launched its offensive on Nov 14.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 21, Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara tapped Foreign Minister Daniel Kablan Duncan to serve as prime minister in a new government one week after the surprise dissolution of cabinet.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 21, In Libya National Security Chief Col. Farag al-Dersi (Faraj Mohammed al-Drissi) was shot dead while returning from work in Benghazi.
    (AP, 11/21/12)(SFC, 11/22/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 21, New Zealand’s Mount Tongariro erupted with a brief blast of dark ash, canceling flights but causing no significant damage. Tongariro National Park has three active volcanoes.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 21, In Pakistan a bomb blast targeting an army vehicle killed three soldiers and two civilians in the southwestern city of Quetta. Two bombs exploded outside a Shiite mosque in the southern city of Karachi, killing one person and wounding seven others.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 21, In Russia dozens of non-governmental organizations refused to comply with a new law restricting their activities as part of the Kremlin's crackdown on its critics. A law passed several months ago obliged all NGOs that receive foreign funding and are involved in loosely defined political activities to register as "foreign agents" by today.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 21, The Singapore government said prominent opposition leader Chee Soon Juan has had his bankruptcy annulled, after an unprecedented concession by two former prime ministers to whom he owed about $408,000.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 21, In South Sudan an army official said clashes between troops and Yau Yau rebels have left at least 16 people dead in Jonglei state.
    (SFC, 11/22/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 21, Syrian warplanes bombed Damascus suburbs and rebel-held areas in the country's north as the government blasted the European Union for endorsing a newly formed opposition coalition. Syrian warplanes flattened a building next to a hospital in Aleppo, killing at least 15 people.
    (AP, 11/21/12)(AP, 11/22/12)
2012        Nov 21, Turkey's government requested the deployment of NATO's Patriot surface-to-air missiles to bolster its defenses along its border with Syria.
    (AP, 11/21/12)
2012        Nov 21, A new UN report accused the Rwandan military of commanding and supporting rebel forces in eastern Congo and charged that Salim Saleh (52), the brother of Uganda's long-serving President Yoweri Museveni, actively backs the movement.
    (AP, 11/22/12)

2013        Nov 21, President Obama, in a letter to President Karzai, said the United States will continue to respect "Afghan sovereignty" under a new security agreement. Karzai added a wrinkle to the process when he told the Loya Jirga that if they and the parliament approve the agreement, it should be signed after next spring's elections in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, US Senate Democrats voted 52-48 to undercut filibuster rules on presidential appointees. In 1975 a two-thirds requirement for cutting off filibusters was lowered to 60 votes. The new rule would require a simple majority.
    (SFC, 11/22/13, p.A8)
2013        Nov 21, The city of Oakland, Ca., won a record $15.1 million civil suit against American Legal Services for preying on vulnerable families as they sought legal residency in the US. The owners of the company failed to show up in court and their whereabouts was unknown.
    (SFC, 11/22/13, p.D8)
2013        Nov 21, In San Francisco BART directors voted to reject an agreement with unions unless a provision granting six weeks of paid famiy medical leave was removed.
    (SFC, 11/22/13, p.A1)
2013        Nov 21, The San Francisco area was hammered by strong winds that knocked down trees and power lines, leaving at least 2 people dead and more than 50,000 without power in the state.
    (Reuters, 11/22/13)
2013        Nov 21, Composer Conrad Susa (b.1935) died at his home in San Francisco. His work included the opera “Transformations" (1973) and “The Dangerous Liaisons" (1994), which was based on a 1782 novel by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos.
    (SSFC, 11/24/13, p.C10)
2013        Nov 21, Federal agents raided an unknown number of marijuana dispensaries and growing sites in Colorado, confiscating piles of marijuana plants and cartons of cannabis-infused drinks just weeks before the state allows sellers of recreational marijuana to open their doors.
    (AP, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, In Connecticut Michael Skakel (53), a nephew of Robert F. Kennedy, was released on bail pending a new trial in the 1975 slaying neighbor Martha Moxley.
    (SFC, 11/22/13, p.A12)
2013        Nov 21, In Minnesota Marion Guerrido (23) veered off a suburban Minneapolis highway ramp. She escaped the car but 5 children were trapped and submerged in a pond. The children were soon freed, but two died and three others remained hospitalized.
    (SFC, 11/23/13, p.A10)
2013        Nov 21, The Dow Jones industrial average (DJIA) closed at a record 16,009, its first close above 16,000.
    (SFC, 11/22/13, p.C3)
2013        Nov 21, Chad's PM Joseph Djimrangar Dadnadji offered his resignation to Pres. Idriss Deby after his party proposed a motion of no confidence in him, accusing him of ordering arbitrary arrests of his deputies.
    (AFP, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, China’s highest court issued demands that judges bar confessions abtained through torture and avoid the death penalty when the evidence is shaky.
    (SFC, 11/22/13, p.A2)
2013        Nov 21, Cyprus' biggest private university said it will start accepting the digital currency Bitcoin as an alternative way to pay tuition fees.
    (AP, 11/23/13)
2013        Nov 21, An Egyptian police officer was shot dead in a Nile Delta town while trying to arrest suspects wanted in connection with the killing of a security official.
    (Reuters, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, Indonesia's military halted training with Australia as a decision to suspend cooperation due to spying claims took effect, while angry demonstrators in Jakarta declared they were "ready for war" with Canberra.
    (AFP, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, In northeastern Iraq a car bomb exploded in a busy market in Sadiyah, killing at least 31 people and wounding more than 30. A wave of attacks across the country left a total of at least 48 people dead.
    (AP, 11/21/13)(SFC, 11/22/13, p.A4)
2013        Nov 21, In Japan thousands of people protested in Tokyo against a proposed secrets act that critics say would stifle information on issues such as the Fukushima nuclear crisis.
    (Reuters, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, In Latvia a Maxima supermarket collapsed in a suburb of Riga. 54 people were killed in the Baltic state's worst disaster in decades.
    (Reuters, 11/22/13)(AP, 11/23/13)(AP, 11/25/13)
2013        Nov 21, Security sources said French special forces have killed Hacene Ould Khalill the second-in-command of the veteran Islamist commander Mokhtar Belmokhtar in an operation in Mali's northern region of Tessalit. The Mauritanian, known by his nickname Jouleibib, was deputy commander of Belmokhtar's "Those Who Sign in Blood" Brigade, formed when the Algerian jihadist split with al Qaeda's North African wing.
    (Reuters, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, Myanmar rejected a UN resolution urging it to grant citizenship to the Rohingya, a stateless Muslim minority group, and accused the United Nations of impinging on its sovereignty.
    (Reuters, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, Nepal's powerful Maoist leader and former guerrilla chief Prachanda said he did not accept the results of an election his party appeared to be losing, throwing the nation into a fresh political crisis.
    (Reuters, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, In northeastern Nigeria militants screaming "God is great!" killed at least 12 civilians and set homes ablaze as they rampaged through Sandiya village in an area that has been attacked several times.
    (AP, 11/24/13)
2013        Nov 21, In northwest Pakistan a drone strike killed 9 people, including Ahmad Jan, a deputy of Sirajuddin Haqqani, a leader of the militant Haqqani network; Gul Sher, leader of the Afghan Taliban in Paktia Province; and Maulvi Hamidullah, leader of the Afghan Taliban in Khost Province. The strike targeted a madrassa, or Islamic seminary, outside the tribal areas that borders Afghanistan. This was only the second such strike outside the country's lawless tribal districts.
    (AFP, 11/21/13)(SSFC, 11/24/13, p.A8)
2013        Nov 21, In Poland around 800 people from environmental groups, including Greenpeace and WWF, walked out of UN climate talks in Warsaw in protest at what they see as a lack of progress towards a global deal to curb greenhouse gas emissions.
    (Reuters, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, In Russia three more of the 30 people arrested during a Greenpeace protest walked free on bail. 24 of those detained on September 18 have been granted bail this week.
    (Reuters, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, Saudi local media reported that religious police have arrested two young men in Riyadh for offering a "free hug" to passers-by.
    (AFP, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, The UN in Somalia called for a "proper investigation" after police arrested an alleged rape victim and the journalists who reported her story for defamation.
    (AFP, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, In South Africa 8 construction workers were killed when lightning struck their tent northeast of Johannesburg.
    (AFP, 11/22/13)
2013        Nov 21, A Spanish court sentenced the town mayor of Marinaleda and four others to seven months in prison for occupying unused military land they wanted to be loaned to farmers hard hit by the economic crisis.
    (AP, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, In Syria fighting for a key military base outside the northern city of Aleppo killed at least 15 pro-government militiamen. Troops also pressed an offensive against the last rebel-held districts of Homs where at least 12 people were killed in the exchange of fire.
    (AFP, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, In Syria Jihadists cut down a 150-year-old oak tree in Atme, on Syria's border with Turkey, after they accused locals of worshipping it.
    (AFP, 11/22/13)
2013        Nov 21, The Ukrainian government announced it was suspending its preparations for the signing of a landmark agreement with the EU. President Vladimir Putin's spokesman said that Russia welcomed Kiev's desire to improve trade ties with Moscow, signaling satisfaction with the Ukrainian government decision.
    (AP, 11/21/13)(Reuters, 11/21/13)
2013        Nov 21, Ukraine's parliament rejected draft laws that would allow jailed opposition leader Yulia Tymoshenko to go to Germany for medical treatment.
    (Reuters, 11/21/13)

2014        Nov 21, The US Embassy in Mexico said the US government will provide $68 million over five years to assist Mexico's effort to reform its court and justice system.
    (AP, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, A US federal jury found Louis Willis, the former executive director of the US Virgin Islands' legislature, guilty of accepting bribes and of extortion.
    (AP, 11/22/14)
2014        Nov 21, Navarrete Beltran, an accused member of the leftist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, was extradited to the US to face charges of hostage-taking and terrorism targeting Americans.
    (AP, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, The Los Angeles Unified School District agreed to pay $139 million to settle claims that former Miramonte Elementary School third grade teacher Mark Berndt abused his students. 69 parents and 81 students had accused Berndt of lewd acts. He had pleaded guilty on Nov 15, 2013.
    (SFC, 11/22/14, p.A5)
2014        Nov 21, In Ohio Ricky Jackson (59), imprisoned for 39 years for a crime he did not commit, was freed. He had been jailed since 1975 on a murder conviction where the prosecution’s case was based on the testimony of a 13-year-old witness, who recanted his story in 2011.
    (http://tinyurl.com/orfkuoq)(SFC, 11/26/14, p.A6)
2014        Nov 21, In Ohio a pregnant woman (41) and 3 other people were killed outside her Cleveland home. Sherita Johnson’s unborn child also died.
    (SSFC, 11/23/14, p.A12)
2014        Nov 21, In Bahrain activists staged a mock referendum asking residents of Shiite areas if they wanted a new political system under United Nations supervision. Witnesses said police used tear gas to disperse protesters in some Shiite villages ahead of the vote.
    (AP, 11/22/14)
2014        Nov 21, Britain’s PM David Cameron's Conservatives lost a second parliamentary seat in the southeast English constituency of Rochester and Strood to the anti-EU UKIP party.
    (Reuters, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, Two retired Chilean military officers, Cols. Ramon Caceres Jorquera and Edgar Cevallos Jones, were sentenced to prison for the 1974 torture death of Gen. Alberto Bachelet, the father of President Michelle Bachelet.
    (AP, 11/22/14)
2014        Nov 21, China's central bank cuts interest rate by 0.25 percentage point, and its one-year loan rate by 0.4 percentage point.
    (Marketwatch, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, It was reported that the Chinese government and banks will finance Chinese companies to build $45.6 billion worth of energy and infrastructure projects in Pakistan over the next six years.
    (Reuters, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, Jane’s, a leading defense publication, said satellite images show China is building an island on a reef in the disputed Spratly Islands large enough to accommodate what could be its first offshore airstrip in the South China Sea.
    (Reuters, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, French junior minister Kader Arif stepped down after he was accused in a preliminary investigation of favoring relatives in the award of public contracts.
    (Reuters, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, Guinean authorities publicly appealed on national radio to unidentified robbers to hand over blood samples that were stolen from a minibus taxi during its 265-km (165-mile) trek from central Kankan prefecture to an Ebola test site in southern Gueckedou.
    (AP, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, In Hong Kong dozens of protesters gathered outside the British consulate, accusing the former colonial power of failing to pressure China to grant free elections in the city and protect freedoms guaranteed in a joint treaty.
    (AFP, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, In India Srinjoy Bose, an opposition national lawmaker, was arrested on suspicion of stealing funds from a multibillion-dollar Ponzi scheme that collapsed in eastern India. The scheme was run by the Saradha Group, a state-based consortium of private companies running collective investment plans collapsed in April 2013.
    (AP, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, In Iraq Islamic State fighters attacked a government complex in the heart of Ramadi, the provincial capital of Anbar province.
    (Reuters, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, Japan’s PM Shinzo Abe dissolved parliament's lower house for a snap election on Dec. 14, seeking a fresh mandate for his struggling "Abenomics" revival strategy.
    (Reuters, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, Japan's transport ministry said it has ordered air bag maker Takata to conduct an internal investigation after cases of its air bags exploding triggered safety concerns in the US and other countries.
    (AP, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, Malaysia's government said it will completely withdraw fuel subsidies from next month following the plunge in global oil prices.
    (AP, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, In Mali a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a phosphate mine in Bourem without causing any other casualties.
    (Reuters, 11/23/14)
2014        Nov 21, Mongolia's parliament appointed Chimed Saikhanbileg as prime minister, more than two weeks after it ousted his predecessor for failing to get to grips with a slumping economy and foreign investment.
    (Reuters, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, Dutch authorities said they will slaughter poultry at a cluster of three farms after new cases of bird flu were found in Kamperveen, in the 3rd outbreak this week.
    (SFC, 11/22/14, p.A2)
2014        Nov 21, In northwestern Pakistan a bomb attached to a motorcycle struck an army vehicle, killing two soldiers on the outskirts of Peshawar. The Pakistani Taliban (TTP) soon claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, Portuguese police arrested former Socialist PM Jose Socrates (57) and three other people in an investigation of suspected tax fraud, corruption and money-laundering.
    (Reuters, 11/22/14)
2014        Nov 21, In central Romania a helicopter on a training mission crashed, killing 8 military personnel and injuring two others.
    (AP, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, Serbia said it will revoke its citizenship granted to Ukrainian businessman Sergei Kurchenko, sanctioned by the EU and wanted in his country on embezzlement charges. Kurchenko was seen as close to former pro-Russian Pres. Viktor Yanukovych and left Ukraine in February, around the time Yanukovych fled the country amid violent protests.
    (AP, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, Sri Lanka's health minister Maithripala Sirisena quit Pres. Mahinda Rajapaksa's government to challenge him in the upcoming elections, accusing the leader of taking the country toward an autocracy.
    (AP, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, Security forces in Togo used rubber bullets and tear gas to disperse thousands of demonstrators calling for term limits that would bar President Faure Gnassingbe from running for a third term next year.
    (AP, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, In Turkey Marko Ivkovic (25), a Serbian basketball fan, was killed before a Euroleague basketball match between Turkish team Galatasaray and Serbia's Red Star in Istanbul. On Nov 26 Istanbul police arrested a Turkish man for the stabbing death.
    (AP, 11/28/14)
2014        Nov 21, The UN General Assembly's human rights committee approved a resolution urging Myanmar to allow its persecuted Rohingya Muslim minority access to full citizenship on an equal basis.
    (AP, 11/22/14)
2014        Nov 21, The Yemeni government said it has ended a mutiny by officers suspected to be loyalists of the country's ousted leader against the top commander of an elite paramilitary unit.
    (AP, 11/21/14)
2014        Nov 21, Zambia's ruling Patriotic Front said it has suspended President Guy Scott as acting head of the party for "unconstitutional conduct", in the latest twist of a bitter power struggle ahead of a January election.
    (Reuters, 11/21/14)

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