Today in History - November 23

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615        Nov 23, Columbanus, Irish explorer, monastery founder, poet and saint (Poenitentiale), died (aka St. Columba).
    (MC, 11/23/01)

912        Nov 23, Otto I, the Great (d.973), German king and Holy Roman emperor (962-73), was born. Otto the Great became King of Germany in 936.
    (AHD, 1971, p.931)(MC, 11/23/01)

1165        Nov 23, Pope Alexander III returned from exile to Rome
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1221        Nov 23, Alfonso X (the Wise, d.1284), king of Castile & Leon (1252-84), was born. Also known as Alfonso the Wise, he served as king of Castile from 1252-1284. His manuscript “Cantigas de Santa Maria" is one of the most important of the period.
    (WUD, 1994, p.36)(WSJ, 5/14/97, p.A20)(MC, 11/23/01)

1248        Nov 23, Seville, France, surrendered to Ferdinand III of Castile after a two-year siege.
    (HN, 11/23/98)

1457        Nov 23, Ladislaus V (posthumous), king of Hungary and Bohemia, died at 17.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1499        Nov 23, Perkin Warbeck, Flemish sailor, was hanged. [see Nov 12]
    (MC, 11/23/01)(AP, 11/23/02)

1531        Nov 23, Peace of Kappel ended the second civil war in Switzerland.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1572        Nov 23, Agnolo di Cosimo (b.1503), Italian Renaissance painter and poet (aka Bronzino), died. He had worked as the court artist to Cosimo de’ Medici, Duke of Florence. His work included a portrait of "Eleonora of Toledo and her son."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bronzino)(MT, Spring 02, p.23)(Econ, 10/2/10, p.92)

1584        Nov 23, English parliament expelled the Jesuits.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1585        Nov 23, Thomas Tallis, composer, died.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1705        Nov 23, Thomas Birch, English historian (d.1766), was born.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
1705        Nov 23, Nicholas Rowe's "Ulysses," premiered in London.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1749        Nov 23, Edward Rutledge, (Gov-SC), attorney and signer of Declaration of Independence, was born.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1750        Nov 23, Giuseppe Sammartini (55), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1760        Nov 23, Gracchus Babeuf, French agrarian agitator, politician and writer, was born.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1765        Nov 23, Frederick County, Md., became the first colonial entity to repudiate the British Stamp Act.
    (AP, 11/23/07)

1783        Nov 23, Annapolis, Md., became the US capital until June 1784. [see Nov 26, 1783]
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1785        Nov 23, John Hancock was elected President of the Continental Congress for the second time.
    (HN, 11/23/98)

1787        Nov 23, Anton Schweitzer (52), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1804        Nov 23, Franklin Pierce, 14th president of the United States (1853-1857), was born in Hillsboro, N.H.
    (AP, 11/23/97)(HN, 11/23/98)

1814        Nov 23, Elbridge Gerry (b.1744), former Massachusetts governor (1810-1811), died in office as vice-president of the US under Madison (1812-1814).
    (WSJ, 10/22/04, p.W5)(www.ushistory.org/declaration/signers/gerry.htm)

1834        Nov 23, Hector Berlioz's "Harold in Italy," premiered.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1835        Nov 23, Henry Burden invented the first machine for manufacturing horseshoes. He then made most of the horseshoes for the Union Cavalry in the Civil War. Burden patented a horseshoe manufacturing machine in Troy, NY.
    (SFC, 7/13/96, p.E3)(MC, 11/23/01)

1844        Nov 23, Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein were declared independent from Denmark.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1848        Nov 23, The Female Medical Educational Society was established in Boston, Mass., the same year the all-male American Medical Association formed.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
1848        Nov 23, Alfred Julius Becher (45), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1849        Nov 23, Harvard chemistry Prof. John Webster murdered Dr. George Parkman. In 1991 Simon Schama authored “Dead Certainties," which chronicled the murder and trial, in which Webster was convicted and sentenced to hanging. Dental identification played a key role in the trial.
    (WSJ, 11/10/07, p.W8)(http://jimfisher.edinboro.edu/forensics/webster1.html)

1857        Nov 23, George Smythe (b.1818), 7th Viscount Strangford, died. In 2006 Mary S. Millar authored “Disraeli’s Disciple: The Scandalous Life of George Smythe."
    (http://tinyurl.com/mhqn3)(WSJ, 9/2/06, p.P9)

1859        Nov 23, Billy the Kid (born as Henry McCarty), was born as William H. Bonney (d.1881) in New York City. He later became a US outlaw. A ballet titled “Billy the Kid" by Aaron Copland was written in 1938.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.42)(WUD, 1994, p.148)(MesWP)(HNQ, 7/9/01)

1863        Nov 23, At Chattanooga Gen’l. Thomas’ men drove the Confederates from Orchard Knob. Union forces won the Battle of Orchard Knob, Tenn. The Battle of Chattanooga, one of the most decisive battles of the American Civil War, also began in Tennessee.
    (HN, 11/23/01)
1863        Nov 23, A patent was granted for a process of making color photographs.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1864        Nov 23-25, The Battle at Ball's Ferry, Georgia, left 30 casualties.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1868        Nov 23, Louis Ducos du Hauron patented trichrome color photo process.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1874        Nov 24, Farmer Joseph Glidden's patent for barbed wire was granted. Glidden designed a simple wire barb that attached to a double-strand wire, as well as a machine to mass-produce the wire. The invention was a welcome alternative to other types of fencing for farming on the arid Great Plains--wood fences and stone walls were difficult to construct because of the lack of sufficient rocks and trees, and the existing wire fences were easily broken when cattle leaned against them. The use of barbed-wire fences changed ranching and farming life. Farmers could keep roaming cattle and sheep off their land, but open-range cowboys and Native American farmers were restricted to the land and resources not claimed and marked by the new fences. As more settlers moved onto the plains, the amount of public, shared land decreased and open-range farming became obsolete.
    (HNPD, 11/23/98)

1876        Nov 23, Manuel de Falla (d.1946), composer (El Amor Brujo), was born in Cadiz, Spain.
    (WUD, 1994, p.512)(MC, 11/23/01)

1878        Nov 23, Ernest King, Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. fleet who designed the United States' winning strategy in World War II, was born.
    (HN, 11/23/98)

1887        Nov 23, Boris Karloff (d.1969), English actor most famous for his role as the monster in the movie Frankenstein, was born in Dulwich, England.
    (HN, 11/23/98)(MC, 11/23/01)

1888        Nov 23, Adolph Arthur “Harpo" Marx, American comedian, one of the Marx brothers, was born.
    (HN, 11/23/00)

1889        Nov 23, The first jukebox made its debut in San Francisco, at the Palais Royale Saloon. The contraption consisted of an Edison tinfoil phonograph with four listening tubes and a coin slot for each tube.
    (AP, 11/23/97)

1890        Nov 23, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg separated from the Netherlands.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1891        Nov 23, Deodoroda Fonseca, the 1st president of Brazil, was ousted by a navy revolt.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1897        Nov 23, Willie “The Lion" Smith, jazz and ragtime pianist, was born.
    (HN, 11/23/00)
1897        Nov 23, A pencil sharpener was patented by J.L. Love.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1902        Nov 23, Dr. Walter Reed (51) died from a ruptured appendix in Washington DC. His experiments in Cuba had helped prove that yellow fever was transmitted by a mosquitoes.
    (ON, 10/01, p.8)

1903        Nov 23, Singer Enrico Caruso made his American debut at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York, appearing as the Duke of Mantua in "Rigoletto."
    (AP, 11/23/97)

1904        Nov 23, Russo-German talks broke down because of Russia's insistence to consult France.
    (HN, 11/23/98)

1910        Nov 23, Hawley H. Crippen, doctor and murderer, was hanged.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1920        Paul Celan, Romanian poet (d.1970), was born.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1921        Nov 23, President Harding signed the Willis Campell Act, better known as the anti-beer bill. It forbade doctors to prescribe beer or liquor for medicinal purposes.
    (HN, 11/23/98)

1922        Vo Van Kiet, Vietnamese prime minister, was born.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1923        Nov 23, German army commander Gen. Von Seeckt banned the NSDAP & KPD.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1924        Nov 23, The New York Times published news of Edwin Hubble’s discoveries of other galactic systems: “Spiral Nebulae Are Stellar Systems: Dr. Hubbell Confirms That They Are ‘Island Universes’ Similar to Our Own."
    (ON, 12/10, p.3)

1926        Nov 23, Noel Coward's "This Was a Man," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1928        Nov 23, Jerry Bock, Broadway composer (Fiddler on the Roof), was born in New Haven, Ct.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1932        Nov 23, The kingdoms of Nejd and Hejaz merged to become the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia under King Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud. Abdul Aziz (d.1953) proclaimed the unified Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia was named after King Ibn Saud, founder of the Saudi dynasty. Abdul Aziz al-Saud fathered 44 sons.
    (SFC, 9/1/96, Z1 p.2)(SFEC, 8/23/98, p.A15)(SFC, 5/26/00, p.D3)(WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A14)(AP, 11/23/02)

1933        Nov 23, FDR recalled Ambassador Welles from Havana and urged stability in Cuba.
    (HN, 11/23/98)
1933        Krzysztof Penderecki, Polish composer, was born.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1934        Nov 23, U.S. and Britain agreed on a 5-5-3 naval ratio with both countries allowed to build five million tons of naval ships while Japan can only build three; Japan denounced the treaty.
    (HN, 11/23/98)

1936        Nov 23, "Life," the magazine created by Henry R. Luce, was first published. It was based on a German model: The Munich Illustrated Press.
    (SFC, 11/19/97, p.C5)(AP, 11/23/97)
1936        Nov 23, U.S. abandoned the American embassy in Madrid, Spain, which was engulfed by civil war.
    (HN, 11/23/98)

1937        Nov 23, John Steinbeck's "Of Mice & Men," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1939        Nov 23, Thanksgiving. Franklin D. Roosevelt had proclaimed Thanksgiving Day a week earlier--on the fourth, not the last, Thursday of November--in an effort to encourage more holiday shopping.
    (HN, 11/26/98)
1939        Nov 23, Hans Frank, the Nazi Gov. of Poland, required Jews to wear a blue star.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1941        Nov 23, U.S. troops moved into Dutch Guiana [Surinam] to guard the bauxite mines.
    (HN, 11/23/98)
1941        Nov 23, German troops conquered Klin, NW of Moscow.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1942        Nov 23, The film “Casablanca" premiered in New York City. [see Nov 26]
    (HN, 11/23/00)
1942        Nov 23, US Coast Guard Woman's Auxiliary (SPARS) was authorized.
    (MC, 11/23/01)
1942        Nov 23, Gen. Von Paulus asked Hitler's permission to surrender at Stalingrad. The German 4th and 6th Army were surrounded at Stalingrad.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1943        Nov 23, Andrew Goodman (d.1964), murdered civil rights worker, was born.
    (MC, 11/23/01)
1943        Nov 23, During World War II, U.S. forces seized control of the Tarawa and Makin atolls from the Japanese. [part of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands] Makin Atoll was the first central Pacific island to be reconquered by the Allies.
    (AP, 11/23/97)(SFC, 1/26/98, p.A17)

1945        Nov 23, Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat and butter, was set to expire by day's end.
    (HN, 11/23/98)(AP, 11/23/07)

1946        Nov 23, French Navy fire in Haiphong, Vietnam, killed 6,000.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1948        Nov 23, Dr. Frank G. Back patented a lens to provide zoom effects in NYC.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1953        Nov 23, North Korea signed 10-year aid pact with Peking.
    (HN, 11/23/98)

1954        Bruce Hornsby, U.S. singer, was born.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1959        Nov 23, The musical "Fiorello!," with music by Jerry Bock and lyrics by Sheldon Harnick, opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 11/23/97)

1962        Nov 23, In New Jersey gas station owner Walter Patterson, a decorated World War II veteran, was shot during a robbery at his business in Wall. George Wright (19) was convicted of the murder and sentenced to 15-30 years in prison. He escaped in 1970.
    (AP, 9/28/11)

1963        Nov 23, President Johnson proclaimed Nov. 25 a day of national mourning as JFK's body lay in repose in East Room of White House.
    (AP, 11/23/01)
1963        Nov 23, Sixty-three elderly people, most of them sleeping, were killed by a fire destroying the one-story Golden Age Nursing Home near Fitchville, Ohio.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
1963        Nov 23, "Doctor Who," the long-running British sci-fi series, debuted in England.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1964        Nov 23, "Bajour" opened at the Shubert Theater, NYC, for 232 performances.
    (MC, 11/23/01)
1964        Nov 23, Vatican abolished Latin as the official language of Roman Catholic liturgy.
    (MC, 11/23/01)

1968        Nov 23, Five Cubans hijacked a US B-727 jet, from Chicago to Cuba.
    (http://cuban-exile.com/doc_176-200/doc0180.html)

1970        Nov 23, George Harrison released "My Sweet Lord" in the US.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/My_Sweet_Lord)
1970        Nov 23, Oded Fehr, Israeli actor, was born.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1971        Nov 23, The People's Republic of China was seated in the U.N. Security Council. The UN vote to admit was Oct 25.
    (WUD, 1994, p. 1688)(AP, 11/23/97)

1973        Nov 23, Sessue Hayakawa (b.1889), Japanese film and TV actor, died in Tokyo of cerebral thrombosis. His films included “Tokyo Joe" and “Bridge Over the River Kwai."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sessue_Hayakawa)

1974        Nov 23-1974 Nov 24, US Pres. Gerald Ford attended a summit in Vladivostok, USSR, with Soviet Pres. Brezhnev. They reached a tentative agreement to limit the number of nuclear weapons.
    (SFC, 12/27/06, p.A11)
1974        Nov 23, Cornelius Ryan (b.1920), war reporter, historian, author, died. His books included "A Bridge Too Far."
    (HC, 12/12/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornelius_Ryan)
1974        Nov 23, In Ethiopia 60 government officials were executed.
    (http://reference.allrefer.com/country-guide-study/ethiopia/ethiopia39.html)

1976        Nov 23, Andre Malraux (b.1901), author (Conquerors) and French Minister of Culture (1958-1969), died.
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/malraux.htm)
1976        Nov 23, The Thai government returned 26 refugees to Cambodia saying that they are a threat to the national security. The government said some 70,000 refugees in Thailand who escaped Communist rule in other Indochina states, including 10,000 Cambodians, would also not be permitted to stay.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1979        Nov 3, John McGinest was killed by a shotgun blast in Long Beach, Ca. Thomas Goldstein (30), a college student who lived nearby, was convicted of the murder following the testimony of a jailhouse informant. Goldstein was freed in 2004 after judges and an appeal panel concluded he was wrongly convicted.
    (SFC, 4/15/08, p.A4)

1980        Nov 23, Some 2,600 people were killed by a series of earthquakes that devastated southern Italy.
    (WSJ, 6/17/96, p.A12)(AP, 11/23/07)

1985        Nov 23, Retired CIA analyst Larry Wu-tai Chin was arrested and accused of spying for China. He committed suicide a year after his conviction.
    (AP, 11/23/97)
1985        Nov 23, Egypt Air flight 648 was hijacked to Malta by Palestinian militant Omar Mohammed Ali Rezaq, a member of the Abu Nidal terrorist group.  
    (SFC, 7/20/96, p.A6)(SFEC, 10/8/96, D1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EgyptAir_Flight_648)

1986        Nov 23, Philippine President Corazon Aquino dismissed defense chief Juan Ponce Enrile after reported coup attempt.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1987        Nov 23, Two days after a riot by Cuban inmates erupted at a detention center in Oakdale, La., Cuban detainees at a federal prison in Atlanta also rioted, seizing hostages in a drama that was not resolved until Dec. 4.
    (AP, 11/23/97)

1988        Nov 23, President-elect Bush announced his choice of Brent Scowcroft to be his national security adviser.
    (AP, 11/23/98)
1988        Nov 23, President Reagan announced he was pocket-vetoing a bill designed to further restrict lobbying by former federal employees, saying it was "excessive and discriminatory."
    (AP, 11/23/98)

1989        Nov 23, Lucia Barrera de Cerna, a housekeeper who said she had witnessed the slaying of six Jesuit priests and two other people at the Jose Simeon Canas University in El Salvador, was flown to the U.S. under heavy security.
    (AP, 11/23/99)
1989        Nov 23, At least 300,000 people jammed Prague's Wenceslas Square to demand democratic reforms in Czechoslovakia.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1990        Nov 23, President Bush conferred separately with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in Cairo and Syrian President Hafez Assad in Geneva, seeking Arab support for his drive to expel Iraqi troops from Kuwait.
    (AP, 11/23/00)
1990        Nov 23, Roald Dahl (b.1916), British short story author (Sweet Mystery of Life), died. Dahl became widely know for “Charlie and the Chocolate Factory" and “James and Giant Peach." From 1953 to 1983 he was married to actress Patricia Neal (1926-2010). In 2010 Donald Sturrock authored “Storyteller: The Authorized Biography of Roald Dahl."
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/rdahl.htm)(SFC, 8/9/10, p.A6)(SSFC, 10/3/10, p.F4)
1990        Nov 23, Iraq ended curfew in occupied Kuwait, but began calling up army reservists in their thirties.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1991        Nov 23, The bodies of 35 drowned Haitian refugees were recovered off the coast of eastern Cuba.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
1991        Nov 23, Yugoslavia's rival leaders agreed to a new cease-fire, the 14th of the Balkan civil war.
    (AP, 11/23/01)
1991        Nov 23, Klaus Kinski (65), German actor (Android, Nosferatu, Little Drummer Girl), died in California.
    (http://www.filmbug.com/db/1457)

1992        Nov 23, Roy Acuff (b.1903), country music star, died in Nashville, Tenn., at age 89.
    (AP, 11/23/97)
1992        Nov 23, In Germany, three Turks were killed when rightist militants firebombed their homes in Moelln; in Berlin, hundreds of demonstrators protested in solidarity with foreigners.
    (AP, 11/23/97)
1992        Nov 23, Iran added a Russian-built submarine to its navy, becoming the first Gulf nation to field a submarine.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1993        Nov 23, President Clinton signed legislation lifting remaining US sanctions against South Africa, and announced an initiative to spur investment in South Africa's black private sector.
    (AP, 11/23/98)
1993        Nov 23, Pres. Clinton signed the “Apology Resolution" to acknowledge the 100th anniversary of the January 17, 1893, overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii, and to offer an apology to Native Hawaiians on behalf of the US for the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii.
    (www.hawaii-nation.org/publawsum.html)
1993        Nov 23, Record cold was blamed for at least 34 deaths in parts of Europe and prompted the French army to send out troops to feed the homeless in Paris.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1994        Nov 23, NATO warplanes blasted Serb missile batteries in two air raids while Bosnian Serb fighters, for the first time, broke into the U.N.-designated safe haven of Bihac.
    (AP, 11/23/99)
1994        Nov 23, A large cache of bomb-grade uranium was transferred from Kazakhstan to the United States.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1995        Nov 23, Free-lance photographer Charles Rathbun was booked in Hermosa Beach, Calif., for investigation of murder in the disappearance of model Linda Sobek. Rathbun was later convicted of Sobek's murder.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
1995        Nov 23, Movie director Louis Malle died in Beverly Hills, California, at age 63.
    (AP, 11/23/00)
1995        Nov 23, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic grudgingly accepted the US-backed peace plan for the former Yugoslavia after meeting with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic.
    (AP, 11/23/00)
1995        Nov 23, A wave of violence in Haiti claimed at least 3 more deaths following President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's Nov. 7 call for a disarmament campaign.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1996        Nov 23, Following a four-day visit to Australia, President Clinton arrived in the Philippines for a summit of Asian-Pacific leaders.
    (AP, 11/23/97)
1996        Nov 23, Forty-four people were injured when an Amtrak train derailed on a Secaucus, N.J., bridge.
    (AP, 11/23/97)
1996        Nov 23, An Ethiopian Boeing 767 airliner crashed into the Indian ocean near Grand Comore Island. It had been hijacked after takeoff from Addis Ababa and ran out of fuel under hijacker demands to fly to Australia. 125 of 175 people died. The plane was destined for the Ivory Coast with stops along the way.
    (SFEC, 11/24/96, p.A1,10)(SFC, 11/26/96, p.B3)(AP, 11/23/97)
1996        Nov 23, In India amidst protests outside, Irene Skliva of Greece won the Miss World crown. Police arrested some 1,650 over 2 days.
    (SFEC, 11/24/96, p.A2)
1996        Nov 23, In Libya a member of the Fighting Islamic Group, Abdullah Guryou, hurled a grenade at Moammar Khadafy in the desert town of Brak. Khadafy was not hurt.
    (SFC, 1/3/97, p.A17)
1996        Nov 23, In Russia Pres. Yeltsin ordered all troops withdrawn from Chechnya by Jan 27, when elections would be held.
    (SFEC, 11/24/96, p.A14)

1997        Nov 23, Iowa septuplet mom Bobbi McCaughey left the hospital and returned home while her seven babies stayed behind in intensive care.
    (AP, 11/23/98)
1997        Nov 23, Jorge Mas Canosa, Cuban exile leader and head of MasTec, died in Miami. He helped create Radio Marti and TV Marti and served as chairman of the US Information Agency stations that beamed uncensored news to Cuba.
    (SFC, 11/24/97, p.A21)
1997        Nov 23, Artillery shells fired by Lebanese guerrillas accidentally struck a village near the Israeli border, killing 9 Lebanese. Israel blamed Hezbollah for shelling the Shiite village of Beit Lif in an artillery duel.
    (WSJ, 11/24/97, p.A1)(SFC, 11/25/97, p.A12)(AP, 11/23/07)
1997        Nov 23, In Israel Avigdor Lieberman resigned as director of the prime minister’s office.
    (SFC, 11/25/97, p.A8)
1997        Nov 23, Somali villagers isolated for weeks by flooding finally received aid from boats traveling down the Juba river.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1998        Nov 23, Whitewater figure Susan McDougal was acquitted in Santa Monica, Calif., of embezzling from conductor Zubin Mehta and his wife; McDougal said the case was trumped up to pressure her to testify against President Clinton.
    (AP, 11/23/99)
1998        Nov 23, The Georgia state Supreme Court invalidated Georgia’s anti-sodomy law.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A4)
1998        Nov 23, The Dow Jones hit a new record high at 9,374.27.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 23, It was reported that American Online planned to purchase Netscape Communication for about $4 billion in stock.
    (SFC, 11/23/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 23, Congo reported that warplanes of its Zimbabwe allies bombed and sank 6 boatloads of rebels on lake Tanganyika killing hundreds.
    (WSJ, 11/24/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 23, In Europe railroad workers stopped work and protested plans for deregulation in 6 EU member states.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A14)
1998        Nov 23, The European Union lifted a worldwide export ban on British beef. The ban was imposed after experts announced a possible link between "mad cow" disease and a fatal disease in humans.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
1998        Nov 23, An Arctic cold wave was reported to have killed 71 people across Europe over the last 3 days. 36 deaths were in Poland and 24 in Romania and Bulgaria.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A14)
1998        Nov 23, In Mexico City detectives arrested 44 city officers on charges that included, murder, rape, extortion and abuse of power under orders by Police Chief Alejandro Gertz Manero, who took office in August.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A12)
1998        Nov 23, In Palestine the $70 million Gaza Int’l. Airport opened and an Egypt Air plane was the first to land.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/24/98, p.A1)

1999        Nov 23, Bill Gates announced his charitable foundation will give $750 million over the next 5 years to improve the health of young children in underdeveloped nations.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.A2)
1999        Nov 23, In a plea met with scant applause and silent stares, President Clinton told ethnic Albanians in Kosovo that “you must try" to forgive Serb neighbors and stop punishing them for the terror campaign of Slobodan Milosevic.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.A16)(WSJ, 11/24/99, p.A1)(AP, 11/23/00)   
1999        Nov 23, Defense Secretary William Cohen called for a military-wide review of conduct after a Pentagon study said up to 75 percent of blacks and other ethnic minorities reported experiencing racially offensive behavior.
    (AP, 11/23/00)
1999        Nov 23, In Congo Mayi-Mayi tribal fighters, armed mostly with bows and arrows, attacked Ugandan soldiers near Butembo and some 200 fighters were killed including about 100 Mayi-Mayi.
    (SFC, 11/25/99, p.D6)
1999        Nov 23, An agreement between Georgia and Russia was announced to cut the number of Russian forces over the next few years.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.C5)
1999        Nov 23, In Nazareth, Israel, a cornerstone for a mosque was laid next to the Basilica of the Annunciation. Shihab el-Din, a 12th-century anti-Crusader cleric, was believed to be buried there.     
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.A16)
1999        Nov 23, In Kuwait the Parliament rejected a decree giving women the right to vote. Sheik Jaber Al Ahmed Al Sabah had issued the decree in May. Nearly identical legislation filed by lawmakers was pending.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.C2)
1999        Nov 23, Mexico suspended the operations of Taesa Airline.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.C5)
1999        Nov 23, In Romania some 5,000 workers of the CNSLR-Fratia trade union gathered in Bucharest to protest plummeting living standards.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.C5)

2000        Nov 23, In Florida the Supreme Court rejected an emergency plea by Al Gore to force Miami-Dade County to resume manual counts. Meanwhile, Gore's lawyers argued in a brief filed with the U.S. Supreme Court that the high court should stay out of the Florida election controversy.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/23/01)
2000        Nov 23, In Chechnya 4 Russian soldiers were killed and 18 wounded in a series of rebel attacks.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.D8)
2000        Nov 23, In Haiti an explosion in Carrefour killed a 7-year-old girl on her way to school and injured 2 other people.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.D8)
2000        Nov 23, In Kosovo Xhemail Mustafa (46), pacifist advisor to Ibrahim Rugova, was shot dead by 2 gunmen in Pristina.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.A20)
2000        Nov 23, The Israeli army ordered Palestinian police to leave liaison offices after 2 soldiers were killed in the Gaza Strip. A Hamas member was killed in a car explosion in Nablus. A Palestinian court later sentenced to death a man convicted of helping Israeli security agents assassinate the Hamas bomber.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/24/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/8/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 23, In Mozambique some 75-83 inmates at the prison in Montepuez, arrested for the Nov 9 protests, were reported dead from either poisoning or suffocation.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.D4)
2000        Nov 23, In Sri Lanka rebel mortar shells killed 2 children at the Al-Manar school in Mutur.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.D8)

2001        Nov 23, It was reported that Hawaii’s Supreme Court struck down the state’s sex offender registration law, declaring it unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.A21)
2001        Nov 23, Heavy storms hit Arkansas and at least 4 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A19)
2001        Nov 23, Taliban troop contingents were reported to have dug in at 2 bases near Jalalabad including an estimated 1,200 at Tora Bora. It was also reported that Pakistani airplanes were being used to evacuate pro-Taliban Pakistani fighters in Kunduz.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 23, In Britain PM Blair endorsed British adoption of the Euro.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A11)
2001        Nov 23, In Belgium the UN war crimes tribunal announced that Slobodan Milosevic, former Yugoslav president, would stand trial on charges of genocide in the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia. Milosevic died in March 2006 while his trial was in progress.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A11)(AP, 11/23/06)
2001        Nov 23, In Brazil an oil pipeline leak near Rio was stopped after some 26,000 gallons spilled into Guanabara Bay.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A18)
2001        Nov 23, In Cambodia PM Hun Sen shut down the country’s bars, nightclubs, discos and karaoke parlors. He said they were spawning crime and eroding traditional values. The action followed a series of shootings at nightspots.
    (SSFC, 12/2/01, p.C13)
2001        Nov 23, A crew dug for bodies and survivors under mud after a huge landslide swept over gold miners illegally digging into the side of a mountain in western Colombia, killing at least 28 people.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
2001        Nov 23, The Council of Europe ratified the Budapest Convention which allowed one country to give chase, at least electronically, to criminals in another.
    (Econ, 4/24/10, p.60)(http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/EN/Treaties/html/185.htm)
2001        Nov 23, Israeli helicopter gunships near Nablus killed Mahmoud Abu Hanoud, a senior Hamas leader.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 23, Japan said it would send 1,500 troops to help with relief operations in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A7)
2001        Nov 23, In Nepal Maoist rebels killed 14 soldiers and at least 23 police in a wave of attacks. Authorities believed that some 80 rebels were killed in the gun battles.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A18)
2001        Nov 23, Spain set terms for extradition of 8 men charged with complicity in the Sep 11 attacks that included trial by a civilian court. 2 policemen were killed in Beasain.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/26/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 23, Taiwan announced that it would allow Chinese living abroad to visit as tourists. This relaxed a 50-year ban intended to keep out spies from the Chinese mainland.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A11)
2001        Nov 23, In Zimbabwe the Mugabe government accused 6 journalists working for foreign media of aiding terrorism.
    (SFC, 11/24/01, p.A13)

2002        Nov 23, President Bush visited Vilnius, Lithuania, and Bucharest, Romania, where he vowed to defend hard-won freedoms behind the former Iron Curtain.
    (AP, 11/23/03)
2002        Nov 23, West Coast dock workers and shipping lines reached a tentative 6-year contract.
    (SSFC, 11/24/02, p.A23)
2002        Nov 23, An Algerian militant group suspected of links to Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida killed nine soldiers in violent clashes east of Algiers. Four police officers were killed 2 days earlier in Bourmedes.
    (AP, 11/24/02)
2002        Nov 23, Azerbaijan Pres. Geidar Aliev said that he and Armenian Pres. Robert Kocharian have agreed to seek a peaceful settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
2002        Nov 23, Chilean artist Roberto Echaurren Matta (91), a master of surrealist painting and sculpture, died at a hospital near Rome.
    (AP, 11/24/02)
2002        Nov 23, At Loughborough, England, 4 people were charged with murdering Adam Morrell (14), whose body parts were found scattered around the town. The suspects included three men and a girl. On December 17, 2002 the following sentences were handed down: Matthew Welsh (19), the dominant figure in a gang, was sentenced to at least 20 years in prison. His girl friend Sarah Morris (17), was found guilty of deliberately assaulting the youngster but cleared of his murder. Nathan Barnett (27) was ordered to be detained indefinitely in secure accommodation under the Mental Health Act after he pleaded guilty to manslaughter on the grounds of diminished responsibility. Daniel Biggs (19) was cleared of murder and inflicting grievous bodily harm, but sentenced to two and a half years in custody for conspiring to pervert the course of justice.
    (AP, 11/23/02)(http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/leicestershire/3255720.stm)
2002        Nov 23, In Indian-ruled Kashmir 12 people, including six soldiers, were killed and 23 injured when their bus ran over a landmine planted by suspected militants.
    (Reuters, 11/23/02)
2002        Nov 23, Some of the world's richest countries agreed to offer about $4.3 billion in financial support for debt-ridden Lebanon.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
2002        Nov 23, Miss World organizers moved the beauty pageant from Nigeria to London after three days of Muslim-Christian bloodletting killed 215 people. The violence was triggered by a newspaper's suggestion that the Islamic prophet Muhammad would have liked the event.
    (AP, 11/23/02)(AP, 11/24/02)
2002        Nov 23, Two Palestinian suicide bombers blew up an explosives-laden fishing boat close to an Israeli patrol craft, wounding four sailors, in the first such attack since the start of the Palestinian uprising.
    (AP, 11/23/02)
2002        Nov 23, Tens of thousands of Taiwan farmers took to the streets to protest against the planned reform of shaky agricultural co-ops, a day after the premier and finance minister offered to resign over the controversy.
    (Reuters, 11/23/02)
2002        Nov 23, Turkey's new prime minister presented his program to parliament, saying his top priorities are joining the European Union and revitalizing the slumping economy.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

2003        Nov 23, Adolfo “Big Al" Bruno (57), a regional Mafia boss, was killed in Springfield, Mass. In 2008 Frankie Roche (35), a low level Mafia member, admitted to the murder.
    (SFC, 4/18/08, p.A4)
2003        Nov 23, In Afghanistan a transport helicopter carrying US troops that crashed just north of Kabul, killing five Americans and injuring seven.
    (AP, 11/22/04)
2003        Nov 23, Russian special forces killed 17 militants near the Chechen village of Serzhen-Yurt. The Kremlin later displayed passports belonging to an Algerian, 3 Turks and Thomas Fischer (25), a German, who were among the dead.
    (SFC, 12/25/03, p.A11)(WSJ, 10/14/04, p.A14)
2003        Nov 23, The Croatian Nationalist Democratic Union (HDZ), led by Ivo Sanader, won parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 11/24/03)(Econ, 11/29/03, p.47)
2003        Nov 23, Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze signed his resignation papers as leaders of protesters already occupying parliament urged tens of thousands of supporters to seize more organs of state power and some military units defected to the jubilant protesters thronging the capital's streets. Nino Burdzhanadze, leader of the United Democrats opposition, declared herself acting president and announced a new election within 45 days.
    (AP, 11/23/03)(SSFC, 11/23/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 23, Hong Kong residents voted in elections seen as a showdown between pro-Beijing politicians and democratic candidates. Voters turned out in record numbers to hand the territory's top pro-Beijing party a stunning defeat in local elections.
    (AP, 11/23/03)(AP, 11/24/03)
2003        Nov 23, The Indonesian military reported it had killed six suspected rebels and captured four others during clashes in Aceh province.
    (AP, 11/23/03)
2003        Nov 23, In Iraq the Governing Council named Rend Rahim Francke, an Iraqi-American woman and veteran lobbyist who has criticized Washington as being shortsighted in Iraq, as its ambassador to the United States.
    (AP, 11/23/03)
2003        Nov 23, In Iraq gunmen killed two American soldiers driving through Mosul, and then a crowd swarmed the scene, looting the soldiers' vehicle and pummeling their bodies. Another soldier was killed in a roadside bombing north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/23/03)
2003        Nov 23, Myanmar's military government released 4 top opposition party members from house arrest, but pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi and 4 others continued in detention.
    (AP, 11/23/03)

2004        Nov 23, US news host Dan Rather announced he would step down as principal anchorman of "The CBS Evening News" in March 2005.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2004        Nov 23, In Afghanistan 3 UN workers kidnapped 4 weeks ago were released unharmed.
    (AP, 11/23/04)
2004        Nov 23, In Brazil government data indicated that 47% of its rainforest was now occupied by man or logged.
    (WSJ, 11/24/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 23, Some 5,000 US Marines, British troops and Iraqi commandos launched raids and arrested suspected insurgents aimed at clearing a swath of insurgent hotbeds south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/23/04)
2004        Nov 23, In Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead five people in overnight attacks.
    (AP, 11/23/04)
2004        Nov 23, In Mexico City a mob angry about recent child abductions cornered plainclothes federal agents taking photos of students at a school and burned the officers alive, mistaking the agents for kidnappers.
    (AP, 11/24/04)
2004        Nov 23, Pakistani Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz arrived in India to help push forward a fragile peace process.
    (AP, 11/23/04)
2004        Nov 23, Interim Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas told parliament that he would follow Arafat's footsteps and demand that Israel recognize the "right of return" of Palestinian refugees.
    (AP, 11/23/04)
2004        Nov 23, Opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko declared victory in Ukraine's presidential election and took a symbolic oath of office. About 200,000 supporters gathered in the capital to protest alleged election fraud. He won a court-ordered revote in December 2004.
    (AP, 11/23/04)(AP, 11/23/05)
2004        Nov 23, The UN Working Group on Internet Governance (40 delegates) met in Geneva.
    (Econ, 11/20/04, p.65)
2004        Nov 23, In Venezuela lawyer Antonio Lopez, a suspect in the slaying of a top prosecutor last week, was killed in a shootout with police.
    (AP, 11/23/04)
2004        Nov 23, A UN AIDS report said infections had risen 7.7% to 39.4 million over the last 2 years; growth was fastest in Asia and East Europe. New infections in 2004 were estimated at 4.9 million with 3.1 million deaths.
    (WSJ, 11/24/04, p.A1)(Econ, 11/27/04, p.82)

2005        Nov 23, A federal jury in New York convicted Uzair Paracha (25), a Pakistani man detained in 2003, of providing material support to terrorists and other related charges. His father was being held as an enemy combatant at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (SFC, 11/23/05, p.A15)
2005        Nov 23, Dr. Thomas Dawber (92) died in Florida. He led the revolutionary Framingham Heart Study (1949-1966) that identified the major risk factors for heart disease.
    (www.nytimes.com/2005/12/01/national/01dawber.html)
2005        Nov 23, A commuter train slammed into several vehicles caught in a traffic jam on a busy road in Elmwood Park, Ill., starting a chain reaction that injured at least 10 people.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2005        Nov 23, In SF 2 killings on Turk Street raised the city’s homicide toll this year to 90, 2 more than in all of 2004.
    (SFC, 11/24/05, p.B1)
2005        Nov 23, Constance Cummings (95) American-born actress died in Oxfordshire, England.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2005        Nov 23, Suspected Taliban militants shot to death three Afghan police, a day after a roadside bombing killed a US service member in the same Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 23, A UN report said cultivation of opium poppies decreased in Afghanistan this year for the first time since 2001, a success that saw one in every five farmers abandon the drug-producing plant for legal crops.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 23, Australia's PM John Howard visited Pakistan's devastated earthquake zone and announced a further 37 million dollars in aid for victims of the disaster.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, In Britain and Wales the early pub closing times, that had governed drinking in Britain since their introduction during World War I, were set to end at midnight. The laws had required most pubs to close at 11 p.m. Monday to Saturday and 10:30 p.m. on Sundays. New rules allowed pubs, bars, shops, restaurants and clubs to apply to open any hours they like, although each license must be approved by local authorities.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, In Chile former dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet was indicted and put under house arrest on charges of tax evasion and corruption related to his multimillion-dollar overseas accounts.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, In Colombia soldiers near Villa Hermosa captured Arcesio Lamus, leader of the Bolshevik Front of the National Liberation Army, suspected of carrying out more than a dozen kidnappings and other terrorist attacks over the past two decades.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 23, Cuba announced a major increase in government salaries saying that it wanted to reward workers with high productivity and advanced university degrees.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, Egypt's parliamentary polls claimed a 2nd victim when supporters of a newly-elected MP seized backers of a losing candidate, tied them to the back of tractors and dragged them through the streets.
    (AFP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, France's Cabinet approved a plan to put a tax on airline tickets starting next year to finance efforts against poverty and disease in the developing world.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili predicted his country will become a member of the Western military alliance NATO by 2009.
    (Reuters, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 23, Gunmen wearing Iraqi army uniforms broke into the home of Khadim Sarhid al-Hemaiyem, a senior Sunni leader, and killed him, his three sons and son-in-law.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, Hezbollah guerrillas clashed with Israeli soldiers on the southern Lebanese border.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, Officials declared Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf the winner of Liberia's first postwar balloting, making her Africa's first elected female president. She pledged in her acceptance speech to end Liberia's history of corrupt, brutal and male-dominated rule.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, A NATO official said Uzbekistan has told NATO allies they can no longer use its territory or airspace to support peacekeeping missions in neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, In Nigeria a Bayelsa state government spokesman said an impeachment notice has been filed against Governor Diepreye Alamieyeseigha, who skipped bail in London, accusing him of money laundering, holding illegal foreign bank accounts, corruptly enriching his family and misappropriating public funds among other offenses.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, In Peru officials said police will begin patrolling Peru's famed Inca Trail following the recent armed robbery of 13 tourists.
    (AP, 11/24/05)
2005        Nov 23, Poland's two leading newspapers blacked out large sections of their front pages in an eye-catching protest against media repression in neighboring Belarus.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, Spanish police arrested 11 people suspected of financing and giving logistical support to an Islamic extremist group linked to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 11/23/05)
2005        Nov 23, Sudan and Uganda said they have renewed a deal letting Ugandan troops pursue leaders of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebels deep into Sudanese territory.
    (AP, 11/23/05)

2006        Nov 23, Scientists studying mice said they have found what may be a master cardiac stem cell, able to change into the three major cell types in a mammal's heart, in a finding that could help guide heart repair in people.
    (Reuters, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Gerald M. Boyd (b.1950), the 1st black managing editor of the NY Times (2001-2003, died of cancer.
    (SFC, 11/24/06, p.)
2006        Nov 23, Betty Comden (b.1917), lyricist, died in New York. She teamed with Adolph Green to write such Broadway musicals as “On the Town" (1944) and Peter Pan."
    (SFC, 11/24/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 23, Anita O’Day (87), jazz singer, died in West Los Angeles. Her 1981 autobiography was titled “High Times Hard Times."
    (SFC, 11/24/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 23, In central Afghanistan an insurgent rocket attack killed one NATO soldier and injured another while they were on patrol.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Belarusian police detained opposition leader Alexander Milinkevich during a visit to a province where he was gathering signatures in support of candidates for local elections.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Teenagers aged 16 and 17 have voted for the first time in the British Isles, as the Isle of Man held a landmark general election to choose members for its 24 seats in the House of Keys, the main branch of the Isle of Man's bicameral parliament.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Alexander Litvinenko, a former KGB agent, died in London. The British government said Litvinenko, the former KGB agent turned Kremlin critic, had a toxic radioactive substance in his body. Litvinenko had blamed a "barbaric and ruthless" Russian President Vladimir Putin for his fatal poisoning. The radioactive element polonium-210 was found in Litvinenko's urine. In 2007 it was reported that Litvinenko had been working for British secret intelligence service MI6.
    (AP, 11/24/06)(AP, 10/27/07)
2006        Nov 23, In Cameroon the African Union's 53 finance ministers, meeting in Yaounde, called for debt cancellation from their creditors and increased aid packages.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 23, Canada's opposition Liberal party announced support for Conservative PM Stephen Harper's motion recognizing French-speaking Quebec as a nation within Canada, adding political weight to an attempt to pre-empt similar efforts by Quebec separatists.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, China’s state media reported government plans to spend about $250 billion extending the country's expressways to deal with a surge in car ownership over the next three decades.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Chinese President Hu Jintao received a red carpet welcome to Pakistan on a trip aimed at expanding economic ties with Beijing's longtime ally, including signing a free trade agreement between the two countries.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, The imprisoned leaders of Colombia's right-wing militias called for the creation of a truth commission where they can confess their actions in the brutal civil war.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, A military official said France has bolstered its presence in the Central African Republic with 100 more troops following rebel attacks and growing concern over the neighboring Darfur region of Sudan.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Philippe Noiret (b.1930), French comedian and film actor, died in Paris.
    (AP, 11/23/07)
2006        Nov 23, In India a Tibetan activist protesting against Chinese rule in the Himalayan region set himself on fire outside a hotel where China's president was staying. An official later said the activist was not seriously injured.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, In northeast India a bomb exploded near a train station, killing two people and injuring 10 in Gauhati, the capital of Assam state.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, The UN nuclear agency decided to deny Iran technical help in building a plutonium-producing reactor, but left room for Tehran to eventually renew its request. The IAEA said Iran has agreed to crack open the books on its uranium enrichment activities, a move that could give experts a better grasp of a program the Security Council fears could be misused to produce atomic bombs.
    (AP, 11/23/06)(AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 23, In the deadliest attack since the beginning of the Iraq war, suspected Sunni-Arab militants used suicide car bombs and mortar rounds on the capital's Shiite Sadr City slum killing 215 people with 256 wounded.
    (AFP, 11/24/06)(AP, 11/23/07)
2006        Nov 23, Israeli troops went after Palestinian militants in Gaza as rockets slammed into southern Israel, but a planned meeting between a Hamas leader and Egyptian mediators raised hopes the violence could be contained. A 64-year-old Palestinian grandmother blew herself up near Israeli troops sweeping through northern Gaza, and eight other Palestinians were killed in a day of clashes and rocket fire.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Japan decided to temporarily suspend South Korean poultry imports due to a suspected bird flu outbreak that has killed around 6,000 chickens.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, In Lebanon allies of Pierre Gemayel, a slain Christian government minister, turned his funeral into a powerful demonstration of anger against Syria as some 800,000 jammed downtown Beirut to pay their respects.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, In Mexico Police chief Baltazar Gomez and Osvaldo Rodriguez, both of the Monterrey suburb of Santa Catarina, were killed just after midnight by a gunman who followed them inside a convenience store where they had gone after attending a funeral. Crusading journalist Jesus Blancornelas, who relentlessly investigated drug cartels and government corruption despite an attempt on his life and the killing of colleagues, died of a chronic illness in Tijuana.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Pakistan's Senate approved a controversial bill to help rape victims, despite vehement protests by hard-line Muslim lawmakers who claim the legislation violates Islamic law. The bill is now set to go before President Gen. Pervez Musharraf, who is expected to sign it.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, An environmental activist alleged that highly toxic chemicals had accidentally spilled from weapons being reprocessed at the Maradykovsky reprocessing plant, 450 miles northeast of Moscow. The plant is a focal point of the push to meet an April 2007 target set by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons for Russia to destroy 20 percent of its stockpile.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Thousands of Rwandans took to the streets of Kigali to denounce France's alleged complicity in the 1994 genocide and a French judge's call for the prosecution of President Paul Kagame.
    (AP, 11/23/06)
2006        Nov 23, Somalia's Islamic militia invited US government leaders to visit the capital, Mogadishu, the city where 18 U.S. troops on a peacekeeping mission to the East African nation were killed in 1993.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 23, The Sri Lankan military killed at least 19 insurgents in a fierce battle with Tamil Tiger rebels in the restive east. The separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, however, said only one of their fighters died, and claimed to have killed seven government commandoes.
    (AP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 23, In Sudan 6 policemen were killed and 7 wounded in an attack by unidentified rebels on a police camp in South Darfur state.
    (AFP, 11/24/06)
2006        Nov 23, Farai Chiweshe, deputy director for the Southern African Human Rights Trust (SAHRIT), a leading Zimbabwean rights group, slammed President Robert Mugabe's government for failing to ratify a United Nations convention against torture and condoning its use by state agents.
    (AFP, 11/23/06)

2007        Nov 23, Emily Sander (18), a Kansas college student and Internet porn star, was last seen leaving a bar in El Dorado, about 30 miles from Wichita, with a man identified as Israel Mireles (24). Her body was found Nov 29 about 50 miles east of El Dorado. Mireles was arrested in Mexico on Dec 19 and extradited to the US on June 25, 2009.
    (AP, 11/29/07)(AP, 11/30/07)(SFC, 12/20/07, p.A4)(SFC, 6/27/09, p.A4)
2007        Nov 23, In Afghanistan Taliban militants beheaded 7 police officers after overrunning their checkpoints. An Australian commando (26) and 3 civilians were killed in a clash with Taliban militia in Uruzgan province. In 2008 the Australian military cleared its soldiers over the deaths of two women and a baby during this battle but said all civilian casualties were "highly regrettable."
    (Reuters, 11/23/07)(SFC, 11/24/07, p.A3)(AFP, 5/12/08)
2007        Nov 23, Bulgaria’s Interior Ministry said police have arrested nine people and broke a huge counterfeiting ring that churned out foreign passports and other documents and distributed them across Europe.
    (AP, 11/23/07)
2007        Nov 23, Explosions and machine-gun fire echoed through the hills of east Congo, where government troops battled rebels for a third day amid a deepening humanitarian crisis the UN says has displaced nearly 200,000 people in the past few months.
    (AP, 11/23/07)
2007        Nov 23, In Cuba Robert Vesco (b.1935), a fugitive financier, died of lung cancer. He had been wanted in the US for crimes ranging from securities fraud and drug trafficking to political bribery. News of this death was not publicly reported for another 5 months.
    (SFC, 5/3/08, p.A6)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.91)
2007        Nov 23, A series of near-simultaneous explosions ripped through courthouse complexes in three north Indian cities, killing at least 13 lawyers and injuring dozens of other people. Federal authorities blamed militants trying to spark unrest between India's Hindu majority and Muslim minority for the blasts in Lucknow, Varanasi and Faizabad.
    (AP, 11/23/07)
2007        Nov 23, Two bombs exploded hours apart in a central Baghdad pet market and a police checkpoint in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, killing 26 people and wounding dozens. A parked car bomb targeted a police patrol in Shurqat, 155 miles northwest of Baghdad, killing one officer and wounding 15 others, along with one civilian.
    (AP, 11/23/07)
2007        Nov 23, Lebanon's parliament failed to elect a successor to President Emile Lahoud just hours before he was set to leave office after it was unable to convene due to an opposition boycott. Emile Lahoud left office without a successor after announcing he was handing over security powers to the army.
    (AP, 11/23/07)(AP, 11/23/08)
2007        Nov 23, Vladimir Kryuchkov (83), the Soviet Union's former KGB chief and one of Russia's most influential hardline spy masters, died. Kryuchkov's biggest failure was the defection to Britain in 1985 of Oleg Gordievsky, the highest ranking KGB defector in its history.
    (Reuters, 11/25/07)
2007        Nov 23, Saudi Arabia and other Arab nations grudgingly agreed to attend an upcoming US-sponsored Mideast peace conference, despite failing to get any guarantee of Israeli concessions.
    (AP, 11/23/08)
2007        Nov 23, Sudan's Pres. Omar al-Beshir said he would not accept non-African troops in a combined United Nations/African Union peacekeeping force in Darfur, apart from Chinese and Pakistani technical units already committed.
    (Reuters, 11/23/07)
2007        Nov 23, A study commissioned by the state's emergency response council said nearly a third of Swaziland's children are considered orphaned and vulnerable as AIDS takes its toll on the country. Close to 40 percent of Swaziland adults are living with HIV and AIDS, the highest infection rate anywhere in the world.
    (AFP, 11/23/07)
2007        Nov 23, In Uganda presidents and prime ministers from Britain and its former colonies discussed democracy, human rights and the rule of law at the start of a Commonwealth summit. They were presented with the new report: “Civil Paths to Peace: Report of the Commonwealth Commission on Respect and Understanding," while police and anti-government protesters clashed nearby.
    (AP, 11/23/07)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.74)
2007        Nov 23, Ukrainian PM Viktor Yanukovych submitted his resignation as a new parliament was sworn in and rival parties jostled to form a government after September elections.
    (AP, 11/23/07)

2008        Nov 23, President George W. Bush, wrapping up his final summit with world leaders, offered a message of hope that despite the worst economic crisis in decades, the global economy will emerge in better shape. He was expected to tout the benefits of free trade during a meeting with his host, Peru's President Alan Garcia, before attending the final sessions of the 21-nation Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum (APEC) as he wrapped up three days of discussions. Summit leaders predicted a worldwide recovery in 18 months.
    (AP, 11/23/08)(SFC, 11/24/08, p.A11)
2008        Nov 23, Rushing to rescue Citigroup, the US government agreed to shoulder hundreds of billions of dollars in possible losses at the stricken bank and to plow a fresh $20 billion into the company.
    (AP, 11/24/08)
2008        Nov 23, In San Francisco’s North Beach Brian Goggin unveiled his art installation, “Language of the Birds," a $120,000 effort that involved hundreds of people.
    (SFC, 11/24/08, p.A1)
2008        Nov 23, In Hollywood, Ca., Mario Majorski (48) of Oregon was shot and killed by a security guard at the Scientology Celebrity Center as he tried to attack guests with a pair of Samurai swords.
    (SFC, 11/25/08, p.B8) 
2008        Nov 23, In New Jersey Joseph Pallipurath (27) of Sacramento, Ca., shot and killed Reshma James (24), his estranged wife, at the Syrian Orthodox Knayaya Church in Clifton. He also killed bystander Dennis John Malloosseril (25) at the church and wounded a 3rd person. Pallipurath was arrested late the next day in Georgia. On May 27, 2011, Pallipurath was sentenced to two life sentences in prison.
    (SFC, 11/25/08, p.A3)(SFC, 11/26/08, p.A3)(SFC, 5/28/11, p.A5)
2008        Nov 23, In southeastern Australia rescuers returned 11 pilot whales to sea, a day after a pod of 64 mothers and calves were found stranded on a beach.
    (AP, 11/23/08)
2008        Nov 23, In southern Brazil weekend rains caused rivers to overflow their banks. The resulting floods and mudslides left at least 114 people dead. In northeastern Paragominas a mob of about 3,000 people, enraged by a crackdown on illegal logging, trashed a government office, and tried to attack environmental workers.
    (AP, 11/25/08)(AP, 11/24/08)(AP, 12/1/08)
2008        Nov 23, In southwest China men wielding knives and batons attacked employees at an arcade in a brawl that left five dead and two injured in Chongqing.
    (AP, 11/25/08)
2008        Nov 23, Congolese soldiers stopped a peacekeepers' convoy at an impromptu roadblock and dragged 23 Congolese men off the trucks, accusing them of being rebels. UN officials said the men were rebels who had surrendered as well as national policemen and civilians.
    (AP, 11/24/08)
2008        Nov 23, In Egypt police fired tear-gas at about 2,000 rioters in the southern town of Aswan as they protested the police shooting to death of a bird-seller.
    (AFP, 11/23/08)
2008        Nov 23, In Georgia gunfire that broke out as Pres. Saakashvili and Polish Pres. Lech Kaczynski were traveling near a roadblock at the edge of Georgia-controlled territory. Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said there was no gunfire from Russian or South Ossetian positions and suggested Georgia engineered the incident to discredit Russia and South Ossetia. In Tbilisi Nino Burjanadze, a former ally of Pres. Saakashvili, founded a new party: the Democratic Movement-United Georgia.
    (AP, 11/24/08)(WSJ, 11/24/08, p.A8)
2008        Nov 23, In Guinea Bissau mutinous soldiers fought their way into the fortified residence of President Joao Bernardo Vieira’s in a 3-hour gunbattle but did not hurt the head of state.
    (AP, 11/23/08)
2008        Nov 23, Indonesia rescued Bank Century at a cost of 6.76 trillion rupiah ($730m). In 2010 Indonesia’s parliament ruled that the bailout was illegal and suggested that indications of corruption be investigated.
    (Econ, 3/6/10, p.55)(http://tinyurl.com/y8l28yq)
2008        Nov 23, Baghdad authorities killed more than 200 stray dogs, the opening day of a campaign to cull dog packs roaming the capital that was prompted by a spate of fatal attacks on residents. According to Baghdad's provincial council 13 people died in August alone in the capital after being attacked by dogs.
    (AP, 11/23/08)
2008        Nov 23, In Indian Kashmir turnout was high for a 2nd round of voting despite boycott calls by Muslim separatists and clashes in some towns between protesters and security forces.
    (AP, 11/23/08)
2008        Nov 23, Kenyan PM Raila Odinga called for the deployment of African Union peacekeepers to Zimbabwe to bring President Robert Mugabe back into line.
    (AFP, 11/23/08)
2008        Nov 23, In Northern Ireland 4 police officers were killed in an early morning road accident.
    (AFP, 11/23/08)
2008        Nov 23, Saudi Arabia slashed a key lending rate and cut reserve requirements amid intensifying economic headwinds.
    (WSJ, 11/24/08, p.A8)
2008        Nov 23, In Sri Lanka at least 27 soldiers were killed and another 70 wounded in fresh fighting just outside Kilinochchi, the political capital of the Liberation Tigers (LTTE). Tamil Tiger rebels said they killed 43 Sri Lankan soldiers in the island's north, halting the government's march toward a strategic crossroads.
    (AFP, 11/24/08)(AP, 11/24/08)
2008        Nov 23, In Thailand protesters seeking the resignation of the prime minister massed in the capital for what they said would be their biggest rally yet and a final showdown with the government. Thousands of soldiers and police were ordered to use nonviolent means to keep the peace.
    (AP, 11/23/08)
2008        Nov 23, In Venezuela President Hugo Chavez sought to hold on to his dominance in state and municipal elections, facing an opposition aiming to win back power in key states and cities. Chavez's opponents made important gains in local elections, capturing the Caracas mayor's office and three of the most populous states, but his allies won a strong majority.
    (AP, 11/23/08)(AP, 11/24/08)

2009        Nov 23, The US Consumer Product Safety Commission recalled of 2.1 million cribs following links to 4 infant suffocations. The drop-side cribs were made by Stork Craft Manufacturing of Canada.
    (AP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 23, Jacques Monsieur (56), a Belgian arms dealer pleaded guilty, in an Alabama courtroom to conspiracy to illegally export F-5 fighter jet engines and parts from the US to Iran. Monsieur, along with Dara Fotouhi, an Iranian national living in France, was charged in a six-count indictment with conspiracy, money laundering and smuggling.
    (AP, 11/24/09)
2009        Nov 23, Ohio police seized about 35 pipe bombs, an assortment of firearms, hundreds of rounds of ammunition at the Cuyahoga Falls apartment of Mark Campano (56), a former doctor, following two loud explosions. Citing a history of drug dependency, the Medical Board of Ohio had removed Campano's license in 2006.
    (AP, 11/26/09)(SFC, 11/28/09, p.A5)
2009        Nov 23, The US signed an agreement giving 38.7 million dollars to 27 Afghan provinces that eliminated or significantly reduced opium production in the world's biggest supplier country. Afghanistan’s deputy attorney general said 2 Afghan cabinet ministers are being investigated under suspicion of embezzlement. A suicide bomber, targeting a police convoy, killed two civilian men and three children in northern Kunduz province. Five others were wounded in the attack. A bomb attack killed a US soldier in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 11/23/09)(Reuters, 11/23/09)(AP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 23, A Chinese court sentenced Web site manager Huang Qi, a veteran dissident, to three years in prison after he criticized the government's response to the May, 2008, earthquake that killed about 90,000 people.
    (AP, 11/23/09)(Econ, 2/13/10, p.45)
2009        Nov 23, India's army tested a nuclear-capable Agni missile after sunset for the first time to demonstrate it could be fired whenever required.
    (Reuters, 11/23/09)   
2009        Nov 23, Iran's central bank chief said that the country has gained five billion dollars by replacing the US dollar with the euro in its currency basket. Iran’s conservative Jomhuri Eslami reported that the moral police have arrested a dozen couples for engaging in illicit sexual acts, including swapping of partners.
    (AFP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 23, Iran ordered a ban on the Hamshahri daily, the country's largest-circulation newspaper, for publishing a photo of a Baha'i temple. Iran's Shiite cleric-led regime views the Baha'i religion as heretical and has banned it since the 1979 revolution. The ban was lifted after one day.
    (AP, 11/24/09)(AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 23, Iraqi lawmakers voted to change the system for distributing parliamentary seats. But lawmakers from the Sunni minority walked out before the vote, saying they will lose seats under the change.
    (AP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 23, UOP LLC, a Honeywell company, announced today that its renewable jet fuel process technology was used to convert second-generation, renewable feedstocks to green jet fuel for a biofuel demonstration flight by KLM Royal Dutch Airlines.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yb877n3)(SFC, 11/24/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 23, Pakistan's army fought Islamist militants for control of a northwestern district, killing 18 of them. It was the second day of fighting in Shahukhel in Hangu district close to the Afghan border.
    (AP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 23, In the southern Philippines dozens of gunmen hijacked a convoy carrying journalists, and family and supporters of a candidate for provincial governor, killing 57 people in Maguindanao province. In 2010 Senior Police Officer Rainier Ebus testified he saw former Mayor Andal Ampatuan Jr., the scion of the clan that was in control of southern Maguindanao province, shoot about 40 of the 57 victims after stopping their vehicles. Maguindanao is part of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, which was created as part of a 1996 peace agreement with a large Muslim rebel group. The body of journalist Reynaldo Momay (61), a photographer for a small-town newspaper, was missing. He would be the 58th victim.
    (AP, 11/23/09)(AP, 11/24/09)(AP, 11/10/10)(AP, 11/22/10)
2009        Nov 23, In Russia 8 military personnel were killed when a truckload of ammunition exploded as they cleaned up after the huge Nov 13 conflagration at a munitions depot in Ulyanovsk.
    (AP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 23, Shiite rebels in northern Yemen accused Saudi forces of launching a major cross-border ground and air attack, a day after an alleged failed incursion.
    (AFP, 11/23/09)
2009        Nov 23, In Geneva the world's largest atom smasher made another leap forward Monday by circulating beams of protons in opposite directions at the same time and causing the first particle collisions in the $10 billion machine after more than a year of repairs.
    (AP, 11/23/09)

2010        Nov 23, In Atlanta, Georgia, Amador Cortes-Meza (36) of Mexico was convicted on federal charges of orchestrating a sex trafficking scheme in which prosecutors say he lured impoverished young Mexican women to the Atlanta area with false promises of better lives, high-paying jobs and even hints of romance. He was accused of bringing at least 10 women to the area between spring 2006 and June 2008.
    (AP, 11/24/10)
2010        Nov 23, Alfred Gaynor (43), a serial killer from western Massachusetts admitted to strangling a woman in 1995, his first victim of eight.
    (SFC, 11/24/10, p.A8)
2010        Nov 23, A US federal jury in Oakland, Ca., said SAP AG must pay Oracle Corp. $1.3 billion for copyright infringement. In 2011 A US District Judge called the award excessive and reduced it to $272 million.
    (SFC, 11/24/10, p.A1)(SFC, 9/2/11, p.D1)
2010        Nov 23, A BP executive, James Patrick Black (58), helping to guide recovery from the Gulf of Mexico oil spill died with two others when a small plane crashed in waters off the Florida Panhandle.
    (AP, 11/24/10)
2010        Nov 23, An Afghan close to negotiations with the Taliban said a man leading the Taliban side of peace talks with the Afghan government was an impersonator, in a setback to efforts to negotiate an end to the war.
    (AP, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, In Angola activist Antonio Paca Panzo was released from jail for lack of evidence after seven months and 12 days. Panzo was arrested in april in the Cabinda region for apparently having T-shirts emblazoned with the faces of four activists who had been arrested in January and were accused of responsibility in a deadly attack on the Togo team bus as it headed to the African Cup of Nations. Panzo was freed because of lack of evidence.
    (AP, 11/30/10)
2010        Nov 23, Australia promised to be a future long-tem supplier of rare earths to Japan, after China suspended shipments of the minerals to its neighbor.
    (Reuters, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, Police in Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands arrested at least 10 people on suspicion of planning an Islamist militant attack in Belgium.
    (Reuters, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, In Brazil police in Rio launched a broad crackdown on gangs and drug-trafficking groups rolling out helicopter-backed armored tanks in 20 slums, killing at least two suspects.
    (AFP, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, In Brazil Roberto Puppo, a native of Bergamo, Italy, was shot and killed. His bullet-ridden body was found in Alagoas on the next day. Authorities believe the killing was ordered by da Silva's boyfriend, an Italian man "suspected of belonging to an international organized crime group." A teenager, who was not identified because he is a minor; and a private security guard identified as Cosme Alves were arrested after a few weeks and charged with the killing.
    (AP, 12/31/10)
2010        Nov 23, In Burkina Faso 4 of the 7 candidates in recent presidential election say they won't recognize the poll's results, claiming the vote was rigged.
    (AP, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, China acknowledged that it is the world's biggest greenhouse gas emitter, as it called on the United States to ensure climate change talks opening next week make progress.
    (AFP, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, Croatia’s Atlantic Grupa food company took over Slovenia’s Droga Kolinska for $326 million. This was the biggest corporate deal in the Balkans in recent years.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.72)
2010        Nov 23, East African leaders met in the Ethiopian capital to discuss beefing up the African Union force in Somalia and tensions in Sudan ahead of January's referendum on autonomy for the south.
    (AFP, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, The European Union urged Ireland to adopt an austerity budget on time to unlock promised EU/IMF funding, responding to a deepening political crisis that threatens to derail the financial rescue.
    (Reuters, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, The EU’s anti-piracy naval force said that have caught 16 suspected Somali pirates over the past 5 days in the Indian Ocean with the help of the Seychelles coast guard.
    (SFC, 11/24/10, p.A2)
2010        Nov 23, Iran’s state radio reported that authorities have issued an arrest warrant for Mahdi Hashemi, the son of influential former President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, on charges of helping foment last year's postelection unrest. Hashemi has been living in Britain since shortly after the election.
    (AP, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, In Iraq a surgeon and an engineer at Baghdad International Airport were gunned down in a mostly Sunni neighborhood in western Baghdad. an Education Ministry professor was shot in another Sunni area in northeastern Baghdad. A passer-by was slain in a drive-by shooting in the northeastern city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 11/24/10)
2010        Nov 23, Ireland's banks are up for sale, the country's central bank chief said, as the government sought to cut them down in size after their reckless lending forced the country to seek an international bailout.
    (Reuters, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, Authorities in southern Italy arrested two women in an operation against suspected mobsters, a development that reflects the increasing role of women in running the mob's affairs. Those arrested included Carmelina Capria, wife of imprisoned clan boss Antonio Pesce, and Maria Grazia Pesce, wife of fugitive boss Roberto Matalone.
    (AP, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, Lebanese PM Saad Hariri dismissed a media report that implicated Hezbollah and possibly Lebanon's head of police intelligence, Colonel Wissam Hassan, in the 2005 murder of his father, ex-premier Rafiq Hariri.
    (AFP, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, Mexican police arrested Carlos Montemayor Gonzalez, nicknamed "El Charro," or "The Cowboy," with help from the US Drug Enforcement Administration." He was linked to the recently arrested US-born kingpin known as "La Barbie," and to the killing of 20 Mexican tourists in September.
    (AFP, 11/24/10)
2010        Nov 23, Nigeria's most prominent armed group MEND said that on Nov 21 it had attacked and destroyed the Obidi refinery trunk line feeding a refinery in the Niger Delta region.
    (AFP, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, North and South Korea exchanged artillery fire after the North shelled Yeonpyeong island near their disputed sea border, killing at least 2 South Korean marines and 2 civilians, setting dozens of buildings ablaze and sending civilians fleeing for shelter.
    (AP, 11/23/10)(AFP, 11/24/10)(Econ, 10/26/13, SR p.5)
2010        Nov 23, In northwestern Pakistan the concrete cover of a sewage tank collapsed during a funeral, causing 14 people in Jhor village to plunge to their death.
    (AP, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, Saudi media said a Saudi woman (53), accused of torturing her Indonesian maid, has been sent to jail while the maid, Sumiati Binti Salan Mustapa (23), receives extensive hospital treatment for burns and broken bones.
    (AFP, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, A Spanish judge ordered Carlos Vielmann, a former Guatemalan interior minister, be freed because authorities in the Central American country failed to request his extradition on charges he ordered the extra-judicial execution of seven inmates. He resigned in 2007 after allegations in one of those cases became known.
    (AP, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, In Trinidad Sgt. Simeon Roderique (38), a US Army soldier vacationing on the Caribbean island, was killed when gunmen rammed his car from behind in a rough slum and then opened fire. He was shot shortly after dropping a woman off at her home in Laventille, a gang-plagued community just east of Trinidad's capital. The woman's brother was also killed.
    (AP, 11/24/10)

2011        Nov 23, Legendary musician Jimi Hendrix was named the greatest guitar player in history by Rolling Stone magazine in a list compiled by a panel of music experts and top guitar players.
    (Reuters, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, In Arizona 6 people on board a small twin-engine plane were killed when it crashed in a ball of fire in a remote area of the Superstition Mountains east of Phoenix. The dead included a pilot and his 3 children.
    (Reuters, 11/23/11)(SFC, 11/25/11, p.A14)
2011        Nov 23, US federal authorities in Ohio charged Sam Mullet and six others with hate crimes in haircutting attacks against other Amish.
    (SFC, 11/24/11, p.A14)
2011        Nov 23, Global stocks fell again following figures a day earlier that showed the US economy grew less than anticipated in the third quarter and the surprising news that Germany failed to raise as much money as it was looking for in an auction of its supposedly top-rated debt.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Rafiq Tagi, a prominent Azeri journalist, died in Baku four days after he was stabbed six times by an unknown assailant. Tagi claimed the attack was retaliation for his opinion piece published earlier this month that criticized the government of neighboring Iran.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Bahrain riot police fired tear gas and stun grenades at demonstrators after clashes erupted just hours before the release of an independent report into alleged abuses by security forces against the country's majority Shiites, who have opened a sustained uprising for greater rights. Cherif Basiouni, former UN war-crimes lawyer and chair of a 5-person panel, described systematic torture of prisoners by security forces. A $53 million US arms deal with Bahrain is on hold until the upcoming report is examined.
    (AP, 11/23/11)(Econ, 11/19/11, p.60)
2011        Nov 23, In Canada one woman was arrested as police cleared tents from the Occupy Toronto protest in a move to end the weeks-long encampment, though some demonstrators chained themselves inside barricaded tents and vowed to stay.
    (Reuters, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Czech architect Karel Hubacek (87) was reported dead. His famed 1973 tower hotel, which also serves as a television transmitter on the nearby Jested mountain was named the most significant Czech building of the 20th century.
    (AP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 23, Egyptian police clashed with anti-government protesters for a fifth day in central Cairo as a rights group raised the overall death toll from the ongoing unrest to at least 38. The UN strongly condemned what it called the use of excessive force by security forces.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, A French court ruled that former dictator Manuel Noriega can be extradited to Panama to serve time for past crimes, more than 20 years after being ousted and arrested in a US invasion.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Indonesian police said they have arrested two plantation workers for killing 20 endangered orangutans and other apes as pest control for palm oil companies. They were paid one million rupiah ($111) for each dead orangutan and 200,000 rupiah for every monkey killed.
    (AFP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Some of Libya's clans said they would not recognize the government, a day after the unveiling of a new cabinet revived regional and tribal rivalries which threaten the country's stability.
    (Reuters, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Madagascar opposition groups accepted to join a unity government and Didier Ratsiraka, an exiled ex-president, announced he will return home ending his nine-year exile in France, offering hopes of ending the island nation's persistent crisis. A roadmap to new elections was brokered by regional bloc the Southern African Development Community was signed by the island's main political factions.
    (AFP, 11/23/11)(AFP, 4/14/12)
2011        Nov 23, Mauritania arrested 10 men on suspicion of ties with armed Islamic extremists. They were charged a month later. On July 2, 2012, the Nouakchott criminal court convicted two of the men of attempting to form a terrorist group, while acquitting eight others.
    (AFP, 7/2/12)
2011        Nov 23, In Mexico attacks in Sinaloa left 24 people dead and 17 of the victims' bodies were found burned in two pickup trucks. 12 of the bodies were in the back of one truck, some of them handcuffed and wearing bulletproof vests.
    (AP, 11/23/11)(AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 23, Nigeria's president unexpectedly fired Farida Waziri, the female head of the lead anti-corruption agency, removing an official accused of being controlled by the political elite in this graft-prone nation. The president appointed agency deputy Ibrahim Lamurde as the commission's acting chairman.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, In Pakistan Islamist militants attacked security forces in the Dera Ismail Khan district, killing four officers in gunfights that underscore the potent rebel threat despite reported peace talks. In Kurram militants attacked paramilitary troops, killing two soldiers and injuring eight others.
    (AFP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, The Palestinians signed a document finally giving them a voice within the vast UNESCO system, bringing pride across the Arab world yet hobbling the agency's pro-democracy projects around the globe. Last month's decision by the Paris-based UN education and cultural organization to give Palestine membership triggered an immediate funding cutoff by the US that will force UNESCO to scale down literacy and development programs in countries like Iraq, Afghanistan or the new nation of South Sudan.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, President Dmitry Medvedev said Russia will deploy new missiles aimed at US missile defense sites in Europe if Washington goes ahead with the planned shield despite Russia's concerns. The stern warning to the US and NATO seemed to be directed at rallying nationalist votes in the polls.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Sri Lanka's Parliament approved the creation of a multiparty committee to recommend constitutional changes for ethnic reconciliation two years after a devastating civil war. However, a lawmaker from the largest party representing ethnic minority Tamils said it would not participate in the committee at this time because the recommendations of a previous committee had never been implemented.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, A Thai criminal court sentenced Amphon Tangnoppakul (61) to 20 years in prison for sending text messages deemed offensive to the country's queen. On May 7, 2012, Tangnoppakul, who suffered from mouth cancer, died in prison.
    (AP, 11/23/11)(AP, 5/8/12)
2011        Nov 23, In Tunisia violent demonstrations erupted in the impoverished central region and had to be dispersed with tear gas. It stemmed from a peaceful demonstration in the town of Kasserine over the exclusion of local residents from a list of those killed in last year's uprising against the dictatorship.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 23, Turkey's PM Erdogan apologized for the first time for the killings of nearly 14,000 people in a bombing and strafing campaign to crush a Kurdish rebellion in the 1930s. He offered his apology for the killings of 13,806 people in the southeastern town of Dersim, now known as Tunceli, between 1936 and 1939.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Turkish President Abdullah Gul warned that President Bashar al-Assad's violent crackdown on an eight-month-old revolt in Syria threatened to "drag the whole region into turmoil and bloodshed."
    (Reuters, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Turkmenistan signed an agreement with China to boost natural gas deliveries. This will see the central Asian nation supply about half of China's gas needs. The gas agreement was one of 14 signed following talks in Beijing between Turkmen President Gurbanguli Berdymukhamedov and Chinese President Hu Jintao.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Pope Benedict XVI accepted the resignation of another Irish bishop, leaving seven of Ireland's 26 Catholic dioceses without one and raising expectations of major cutbacks in the size of the Irish church following child-abuse scandals. Seamus Hegarty (71) offered his resignation two weeks ago as bishop of Derry, citing an unspecified "irreversible" illness as the reason for quitting.
    (AP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Yemen’s Pres. Saleh signed a US-backed power-transfer deal, brokered by neighboring countries in the Saudi capital of Riyadh. It officially transfers power to his vice president, Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi, in exchange for immunity from prosecution. The deal also called for early presidential elections within 90 days.
    (AP, 11/24/11)
2011        Nov 23, Zimbabwe wildlife authorities said at least 77 elephants have died in a three-month heat wave in western Hwange National Park that has dried up watering holes.
    (AP, 11/23/11)

2012        Nov 23, In Alabama Michael Jansen shot and killed a sheriff's deputy and critically wounded another when they went to his home near Fairhope on a report that he was acting aggressively toward family members. Jansen was also killed in the exchange of gunfire.
    (AP, 11/25/12)
2012        Nov 23, In Florida Michael Dunn (45) shot and killed Jordan Davis (17). Dunn had pulled into the parking lot of a Jacksonville gas station alongside an SUV where Davis and three friends, all of them young African Americans, were listening to music. Dunn asked them to turn their music down and, after an apparent exchange of words with Davis, he produced a gun and fired eight or nine shots at the SUV. Dunn sped away but was arrested the next day in Brevard County. On Feb 15, 2014, Dunn was convicted on three counts of attempted murder. A mistrail was declared on the murder charge. On Oct 1, 2014 Dunn was convicted of first-degree murder. On Oct 17 Dunn was sentenced to life in prison without parole.
    (Reuters, 11/28/12)(SSFC, 2/16/14, p.A12)(SFC, 10/2/14, p.A7)(SFC, 10/18/14, p.A6)
2012        Nov 23, In Massachusetts more than 40 buildings were damaged in a natural gas explosion in Springfield that injured 18 people.
    (AP, 11/25/12)
2012        Nov 23, Larry Hagman (b.1931), who created one of American television's most supreme villains in the conniving, amoral oilman J.R. Ewing of "Dallas" (1978-1991), died in Dallas.
    (AP, 11/24/12)
2012        Nov 23, In  eastern Afghanistan a Taliban suicide bomber detonated a truck full of explosives, killing three Afghan civilians and wounding more than 90 people, including several Afghan and NATO troops in Maidan Shahr, Wardak province. Police in Kabul were reported to have arrested two men with four explosive vests.
    (AP, 11/23/12)
2012        Nov 23, In Brussels a summit of the European Union's 27 national leaders, charged with agreeing on a long-term budget for the bloc, broke up without being able to reach a deal.
    (AP, 11/23/12)
2012        Nov 23, Congo's president has suspended the army's chief of staff, following the publication of a United Nations report which reveals that Gen. Gabriel Amisi oversaw a criminal network selling arms to rebels in the country's troubled east.
    (AP, 11/23/12)
2012        Nov 23, Congolese troops fleeing the M23 rebels raped at least 97 women and 33 girls, some as young as 6, over the last 24 hours. A UN report released on May 8, 2013 said most of the rapes took place over Nov. 22-23, 2012, in the eastern Congo town of Minova.
    (AP, 5/8/13)
2012        Nov 23, In Egypt opponents and supporters of Mohammed Morsi clashed across the country, the day after the president granted himself sweeping new powers. At least 15 were reported injured.
    (AP, 11/23/12)
2012        Nov 23, Former French tennis coach Regis de Camaret (70) was convicted and sentenced to eight years in prison for raping young students at his academy, ending a seven-year legal case that began when a former ranked player published a book describing years of abuse at his hands.
    (AP, 11/23/12)
2012        Nov 23, Israeli troops fired to push back Gaza crowds surging toward Israel's border fence with the Hamas-ruled territory, killing one Palestinian and wounding 19 in the first violence since a truce between Israel and Hamas took hold a day earlier.
    (AP, 11/23/12)
2012        Nov 23, Pakistan's interior minister said that the government will suspend cell phone service in most parts of the country over the next two days to prevent attacks against Shiite Muslims during a key religious commemoration.
    (AP, 11/23/12)
2012        Nov 23, Somali journalists urged their new government and the international community to help end the impunity they say is contributing to making Somalia one of the world's most dangerous countries to practice journalism. Journalist Mohamed Bashir Hashi said they are being targeted to silence them from speaking against corruption, violence and violations of human rights by radical Islamist groups.
    (AP, 11/23/12)
2012        Nov 23, A South Sudanese official said Sudan has carried out aerial bombardments on the northern part of South Sudan in the last three days, killing seven people and wounding others, accusing their northern neighbor of breaking an agreement between the two countries to end hostilities.
    (AP, 11/23/12)
2012        Nov 23, In Syria a suicide attacker blew up his car in the northwestern Idlib province, killing at least three people and wounding four. Islamic extremists, including members of the al-Qaida inspired Jabhat al-Nusra group, battled with pro-government Kurdish gunmen in the northern town of Ras al-Ayan, near the border with Turkey.
    (AP, 11/23/12)

2013        Nov 23, In Santa Cruz, Ca., Google executive Forrest Timothy Hayes (51) died on his 50-foot yacht following a heroin injection given by Alix Catherine Tichelman (26), a high-priced call girl. The action was caught on video. Tichelman was arrested on July 4, 2014, and became a suspect in the death of her boyfriend Dean Riopelle, who died of a heroin overdose two months earlier in Atlanta. On May 19, 2015, Tichelman was sentenced to six years in County Jail after pleading guilty to involuntary manslaughter and administering illicit drugs.
    (SFC, 7/10/14, p.A1)(SFC, 7/11/14, p.D1)(SFC, 5/20/15, p.D1)
2013        Nov 23, In Oklahoma 4 people were slain and a 5th wounded after being shot at a residence in Tulsa. Police said the home was the scene of several drug arrests.
    (SFC, 11/25/13, p.A5)
2013        Nov 23, Angolan security forces shot and killed Manuel Ganga, one of eight members of Angola's second-biggest opposition party CASA-CE, as he tried to flee detention hours ahead of protests across the country where police detained 292 people. Police fired tear gas and warning shots to disperse hundreds of opposition supporters demonstrating in the capital against the disappearance and possible murder of two anti-government activists. Prosecutors said last week that Isaias Cassule and Antonio Alves Camulingui, who were involved in organizing protests by former presidential guards to demand payment of wage arrears, had been kidnapped and possibly murdered in May 2012.
    (Reuters, 11/23/13)
2013        Nov 23, In Australia a surfer was fatally mauled by a shark on the west coast near Gracetown.
    (SSFC, 11/24/13, p.A4)
2013        Nov 23, China declared an Air Defence Identification Zone (ADIZ) bolstering its claim to islands that Japan says it owns. The zone also included a reef know as Ieodo, claimed by China and South Korea. China warned that it would take "defensive emergency measures" against aircraft that failed to identify themselves properly in airspace over them.
    (Reuters, 11/23/13)(Econ, 11/30/13, p.12)(Econ, 12/7/13, p.42)
2013        Nov 23, Egypt said it was expelling Turkey's ambassador and accused Ankara of backing organizations bent on spreading instability - an apparent reference to the Muslim Brotherhood of ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Mursi.
    (Reuters, 11/23/13)
2013        Nov 23, Iraqi Sunni religious leaders said that they have decided to close down the sect's mosques in Baghdad indefinitely to protest attacks targeting clerics and worshippers, highlighting the country's deepening sectarian rift. In the north a car bomb and a suicide bomber killed at least nine people and wounded 54 in Tuz Khurmato.
    (AP, 11/23/13)(Reuters, 11/24/13)
2013        Nov 23, Lebanese authorities said they have identified the two men who launched a double suicide attack on the Iranian embassy this week which killed 25 people in Hezbollah's southern Beirut bastion.
    (AFP, 11/23/13)
2013        Nov 23, In eastern Libya gunmen in Derna shot dead Fares al-Zarruk, a former member of Moamer Kadhafi's security services.
    (AFP, 11/23/13)
2013        Nov 23, Mauritanians voted in nationwide elections overshadowed by a widespread boycott of opposition parties, with all eyes on the performance of an Islamist party allowed to take part for the first time.
    (AFP, 11/23/13)
2013        Nov 23, In Pakistan thousands of right-wing activists led by cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan staged a protest against US drone strikes, threatening to block NATO supply routes if strikes continue.
    (AFP, 11/23/13)
2013        Nov 23, In Poland UN negotiators reached consensus on some of the foundations for an ambitious, global climate pact, modifying wording in a document that had threatened to derail talks in Warsaw. The Conference of the parties (COP) agreed that countries would make contributions to climate change reduction.
    (AFP, 11/23/13)(Econ, 11/30/13, p.59)
2013        Nov 23, In Syria  Islamist rebels led by al Qaeda-linked fighters seized the al-Omar oil field in the eastern Deir al-Zor province, cutting off President Assad's access to almost all local crude reserves. Air strikes around Aleppo killed at least 44 people, most of them civilians.
    (Reuters, 11/23/13)(AP, 11/23/13)
2013        Nov 23, In Venezuela thousands of opponents of Pres. Nicolas Maduro took to the streets to express outrage over the country’s deepening economic crisis.
    (SSFC, 11/24/13, p.A4)

2014        Nov 23, Symantec, an American anti-virus firm, announced the discovery of a piece of software called Regin lurking on com putters in Russia, Saudi Arabia and several other countries sniffing for secrets.
    (Econ, 11/29/14, p.56)
2014        Nov 23, Marion Barry (b.1936), the scandal-plagued former mayor of Washington, DC, died. Barry was elected mayor 4 times (1978, 1982, 1986 and 1994). He was jailed in 1990 for smoking crack cocaine, but made a surprising return to office in 1994.
    (Reuters, 11/23/14)(SFC, 11/24/14, p.A6)
2014        Nov 23, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a volleyball tournament, killing at least 50 people in Paktika province.
    (AP, 11/23/14)(AP, 11/24/14)
2014        Nov 23, In Belize the body of Panamanian diplomat Jose Rodrigo De La Rosa (64) was found near a highway on the outskirts of Belmopan with cut wounds on his head and neck. On Nov 26 Wilsner Echeveria (19) was charged with the murder. Relatives claimed Echeveria had been defending himself against a sexual attack by De la Rosa.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 23, Britain’s One Direction band won artist of the year at the American Music Awards, taking home three honors and was the night's big winner next to Katy Perry, who didn't attend the show.
    (AP, 11/24/14)
2014        Nov 23, In Cape Verde the volcano Pico do Fogo erupted forcing more than 1,000 people to evacuate from the Cha das Caldeiras region. By mid-December lava flow destroyed two villages and threatened a forest reserve.
    (AFP, 12/16/14)
2014        Nov 23, Iraqi forces said they have retaken Jalawla and Saadiya, two towns in Diyala province, from Islamic State fighters. At least 23 peshmerga and militia fighters were killed and dozens were wounded. A car bomb in the Shi'ite town of Yousufiya killed at least people. Two other bombs in towns near Baghdad killed 4 other people.
    (Reuters, 11/23/14)
2014        Nov 23, Israel's Cabinet approved a contentious bill that officially defines Israel as the nation-state of the Jewish people. The bill would delist Arabic as an official language. On Nov 24 presentation of the bill before the Knesset was delayed.
    (AP, 11/23/14)(SFC, 11/25/14, p.A4)
2014        Nov 23, Israeli forces shot dead a Palestinian in the Gaza Strip near the border. Fadel Mohammed Halawa (32) was killed in the incident, east of Jabalya refugee camp. A relative said he had been searching for song birds, which nest in trees near the Israeli border and command high prices in Gaza markets.
    (Reuters, 11/23/14)
2014        Nov 23, Italian PM Matteo Renzi's center-left Democratic Party (PD) won regional elections in Calabria and Emilia Romagna but a low turnout suggested growing disillusion among many voters.
    (Reuters, 11/24/14)
2014        Nov 23, In Mexico 2 men bound, gagged and showing signs of torture were dumped onto streets in exclusive neighborhoods of La Paz, the capital of Baja California Sur state. Federal statistics through October counted 48 killings for the entire state.
    (AP, 11/26/14)
2014        Nov 23, In Chakwal, Pakistan, Muhammad Gullistan (30) shot dead his teenage niece because she was listening to loud music.
    (Reuters, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 23,  In the southern Philippines a bomb exploded in a billiard hall near a crowded town carnival, killing 2 people and wounding 23 in Mlang, North Corabato province. One of the wounded died soon after raising the death toll to 3.
    (AP, 11/23/14)
2014        Nov 23, Saudi telecommunications company Etihad Etisalat, known as Mobily on the Saudi stock exchange, said it has suspended its chief executive officer after accounting errors forced the operator to restate 18 months of earnings.
    (AP, 11/23/14)
2014        Nov 23, In northern Syria members of al Qaeda wing Nusra Front and other Sunni Islamist battalions seized an area south of a Shi'ite Muslim village after deadly clashes with pro-government fighters. The clashes killed at least 8 of the fighters advancing on al-Zahra and a number of fighters from the pro-government National Defense Force.
    (Reuters, 11/23/14)
2014        Nov 23, Thailand authorities arrested former Central Investigation Bureau chief Lt. Gen. Pongpat Chayapan and six colleagues on serious charges ranging from bribery to insulting the monarchy. More suspects were being investigated in the high-profile scandal.
    (AP, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 23, Tunisia held its first free presidential election. Initial results showed Beji Caid Essebsi (87), head of the Nida Tunis party, winning 47% of the vote. Outgoing interim president Moncef Marzouki followed with 27% forcing a runoff on Dec 28.
    (AP, 11/23/14)(SFC, 11/24/14, p.A2)
2014        Nov 23, Pope Francis canonized six new saints, including a priest and a nun from the Indian state of Kerala and 4 Italians. Eufrasia Eluvathingal and Kuriakose Elias Chavara were from the Syro-Malabar Church, one of 22 Eastern rite churches that operates in full communion with Rome.
    (AP, 11/23/14)

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