Today in History - November 25

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2348 BCE    Nov 25, Biblical scholars have long asserted this to be the day of the Great Deluge, or Flood. [see Jul 17, 2348]
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1120        Nov 25, Countess of Perche, bastard daughter of English king Henry I, drowned along with William (17), English crown prince and son of Henry I.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1177        Nov 25, Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and his armored knights encountered the Muslim army of Saladin below the castle of Montgisard and defeated them in a surprise attack.
    (ON, 6/07, p.6)

1357        Nov 25, Charles IV issued a letter of protection of Jews of Strasbourg and Alsace.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1456        Nov 25, Jacques Coeur, French merchant and banker, died in battle.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1562        Nov 25, Lope Felix de Vega, dramatist and poet (Angelica, Arcadia), was born in Madrid, Spain.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1640        Nov 25, Giles Farnaby, composer, died.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1688        Nov 25, Princess Anne fled from London to Nottingham.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1715        Nov 25, England granted the 1st patent to an American. It was for processing corn.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1744        Nov 25, Austrian forces pillaged and killed Jews of Prague.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1758        Nov 25, In the French and Indian War British forces under General John Forbes captured Fort Duquesne (the site of present day Pittsburgh, est. 1754). George Washington participated in the campaign. Forbes renamed the site Fort Pitt after William Pitt the Elder, who directed British military policy in the Seven Years' War of 1756-'63. Before his arrival, the French had burned the fort and retreated.
    (AP, 11/25/97)(ON, 9/05, p.5)(HNQ, 7/17/98)

1766        Nov 25, Pope Clement XIII warned of dangers of anti-Christian writings
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1783        Nov 25, The British evacuated New York, their last military position in the United States during the Revolutionary War.
    (AP, 11/25/97)

1787        Nov 25, Franz Xavier Gruber, Austria, organist and composer (Silent Night), was born.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1792        Nov 25, The Farmer's Almanac was 1st published. [see Oct 13]
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1815        Nov 25, Johann Peter Saloman (70), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1834        Nov 25, Jean-Baptist Colyns, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/25/01)
1834        Nov 25, Delmonico's, one of NY's finest restaurants, provided a meal of soup, steak, coffee & half a pie for 12 cents.
    (SFEC, 5/18/97, Z1 p.6)

1835        Nov 25, Andrew Carnegie (d.1919), American industrialist, was born to a poor weaver in Dunfermline, Scotland. He emigrated to the US in 1848 and worked as a superintendent for the Pennsylvania Railroad. In invested in iron manufacturing, railroad cars and oil and moved into the steel business by 1873 where he improved quality and lowered costs. He sold his interests at age 65 and retired to Scotland. He donated $5 million to a pension fund for his workers and gave away an estimated $350 million over the next 2 decades for public libraries, church organs and other causes: There is no idol more debasing than the worship of money."
    (WSJ, 1/11/98, p.R18)(AP, 11/25/99)

1844        Nov 25, Carl Benz, pioneer of early motor cars, was born.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1846        Nov 25, Carry Nation (d.1911) was born Carry Amelia Moore in Kentucky. After her first husband died a drunkard, she married David Nation and they moved to Medicine Lodge, Kansas. There, she was elected president of the local chapter of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. Even though Kansas was technically a dry state, Medicine Lodge had seven saloons. When Carry Nation's appeals to close the saloons were ignored, she took matters into her own hands--she drove a buggy, full of bricks and stones she had wrapped in newspapers, up to a saloon, smashed its mirrors, glasses, bottles and windows, and said to the proprietor as she left, "I have finished. God be with you." Nation repeated her barroom attacks across the state and the country. One of her last actions was at Washington's Union Depot, where she used three hatchets that she called Faith, Hope and Charity. Nation was arrested about 30 times for her saloon rampages.
    (HNPD, 11/25/98)

1847        Nov 25, Friederich von Flotow's opera "Martha" was produced in Vienna.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1863        Nov 25, The Union ended the siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., with the Battle of Missionary Ridge, Tenn.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1864        Nov 25, A Confederate plot to burn NYC failed.
    (MC, 11/25/01)
1864        Nov 25, Confederates retreated at Sandersville, Georgia.
    (MC, 11/25/01)
1864        Nov 25, David Roberts (b.1796), Scottish painter, died. He toured Egypt and the Holy Land from 1838-1840. His work there made him a prominent Orientalist painter.
    (SSFC, 7/24/11, p.F7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Roberts_%28painter%29)

1867        Nov 25, US Congress commission looked into impeachment of President Andrew Johnson.
    (MC, 11/25/01)
1867        Nov 25, Alfred Nobel patented dynamite.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1876        Nov 25, Colonel Ronald MacKenzie destroyed Cheyenne Chief Dull Knife’s village, in the Bighorn Mountains near the Red Fork of the Powder River, during the so-called Great Sioux War.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1878        Nov 25, In London a trial opened to hear the suit of James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903) against critic John Ruskin for libel. After a 2-day hearing the jury found Ruskin guilty and awarded Whistler one farthing, a quarter of a penny. Whistler later authored “The Gentle Art of Making Enemies" (1890).
    (www.abcgallery.com/W/whistler/whistlerbio.html)(ON, 4/03, p.9)

1880        Nov 25, Leonard Sidney Woolf (d.1969), English publisher, writer, was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Woolf)

1881        Nov 25, Pope John the 23rd (1958-1963) was born Angelo Roncalli near Bergamo, Italy.
    (AP, 11/25/97)(MC, 11/25/01)

1884        Nov 25, John B. Meyenberg of St. Louis patented evaporated milk.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1893        Nov 25, Joseph W. Krutch, US naturalist, was born.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1895        Nov 25, Wilhelm Kempff, pianist (Unter dem Zimbelstern), was born in Juterbog, Germany.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1896        Nov 25, Virgil Thompson, American composer, was born. His work included “Four Saints in Three Acts" and “The Mother of Us All."
    (HN, 11/25/00)

1897        Nov 25, Spain granted Puerto Rico autonomy.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1900        Nov 25, Helen Gahagan Douglas, Nixon's 1st opponent, (Rep-D-Ca), was born.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1901        Nov 25, Japanese Prince Ito arrived in Russia to seek concessions in Korea.
    (HN, 11/25/98)
1901        Nov 25, Josef Gabriel Rheinberger (62), German composer and music theorist, died.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1902        Nov 25, Franz Lehar's opera "Wiener Fraueen," premiered in Vienna.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1903        Nov 25, In San Francisco Alexander Garnett shot and killed Major J.W. McClung at the Palace Hotel apartment of Mrs. Lillian Hitchcock Coit. Coit soon left the city and spent the next 6 years in Paris. Garnett was convicted and sentenced to 15 years at San Quentin, but only began serving time in 1909 following an appeal and restoration of records due to the 1906 fire.
    (SSFC, 9/13/09, DB p.46)

1905        Nov 25, Jules Massenet's opera "Thais" had its 1st American performance.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1908        Nov 25, The first issue of The Christian Science Monitor was published.
    (AP, 11/25/08)

1910        Nov 25, Alwin Nikolais, choreographer, was born.
    (HN, 11/25/00)

1913        Nov 25, Lewis Thomas, physician and author, was born. His work included “The Lives of a Cell."
    (HN, 11/25/00)

1914        Nov 25, Joe DiMaggio, baseball star, was born in Martinez, Ca.
    (SFC, 10/15/04, p.F13)
1914        Nov 25, German Field Marshal Fredrich von Hindenburg called off Lodz offensive 40 miles from Warsaw, Poland. The Russians lost 90,000 to the Germans’ 35,000 in two weeks of fighting.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1915        Nov 25, Augusto Pinochet (d.2006), general, coup leader and president of Chile (1974-1990), was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augusto_Pinochet)

1918        Nov 25, Chile and Peru severed relations.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1920        Nov 25, Radio station WTAW of College Station, Texas, broadcast the first play-by-play description of a football game, between the University of Texas and Texas A&M.
    (AP, 11/25/00)
1920        Nov 25, The 1st Thanksgiving Parade was held in Philadelphia.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1921        Nov 25, Hirohito became regent of Japan.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1922        Nov 25, Archaeologist Howard Carter entered King Tut's tomb.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1923        Nov 25, Transatlantic broadcasting from England to America for the first time.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1926        Nov 25, Poul [William] Anderson, American sci-fi author (7 Hugos, Mirkheim), was born.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1930        Nov 25, An earthquake in Shizouka, Japan, killed 187.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1938        Nov 25, Charles Starkweather, murderer (Midwest killing spree), was born.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1939        Nov 25, Shelagh Delaney, playwright whose work included “A Taste of Honey," was born.
    (HN, 11/25/00)
1939        Nov 25, Germany reported four British ships sunk in the North Sea, but London denied the report.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1940        Nov 25, Woody Woodpecker debuted with the release of Walter Lantz's "Knock Knock."
    (MC, 11/25/01)
1940        Nov 25, The ship Patria, carrying illegal immigrants, sank in port of Haifa, 200 died.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1941        Nov 25, German Jews in Netherlands were declared stateless.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1943        Nov 25, U-600 sank in the Atlantic Ocean.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1944        Nov 25, Two Japanese planes struck the USS Intrepid aircraft carrier in kamikaze attacks that left 69 dead and 35 injured.
    (WSJ, 11/8/08, p.W9)
1944        Nov 25, Baseball commissioner Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis died at age 78.
    (AP, 11/25/97)

1946        Nov 25, Supreme Court granted Oregon Indians land payment rights from the U.S. government.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1947        Nov 25, Movie studio executives meeting in New York agreed to blacklist the "Hollywood Ten" who were cited a day earlier and jailed for contempt of Congress for failing to cooperate with the House Un-American Activities Committee.
    (AP, 11/25/99)
1947        Nov 25, The Big Four met to discuss Germany and the European economy.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1949        Nov 25, [Boris] Alexander Godunov, dancer and actor (Die Hard), was born in Sakhalin, USSR.
    (MC, 11/25/01)
1949        Nov 25, "Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer" appeared on music charts. It was originally an advertising jingle.
    (MC, 11/25/01)
1949        Nov 25, Luther "Bill" Robinson (71), "Bojangles" famed tap dancer, died.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1951        Nov 25, A truce line between U.N. troops and North Korea was mapped out at the peace talks in Panmunjom, Korea.
    (HN, 11/25/00)

1952        Nov 25, George Meany was appointed chairman of AFL.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1953        Nov 25, "Guys & Dolls" closed at 46th St Theater NYC after 1200 performances.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1955        Nov 25, The Interstate Commerce Commission banned segregation in interstate travel.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1956        Nov 25, Fidel Castro and his 81 rebel exiles departed Mexico to liberate Cuba from the corrupt dictatorship of Fulgencia Batista. Che Guevara had recently joined Fidel and his band of Cuban rebel exiles as their doctor.
    (TOH, 1982, p.1956)(SFC, 6/16/97, p.D3)(SFC, 10/15/97, p.C2)

1957        Nov 25, President Eisenhower suffered a slight stroke.
    (AP, 11/25/97)

1958        Nov 25, Charles F. Kettering (82), inventor of the auto self-starter, died.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1960        Nov 25, John F. Kennedy Jr. (d.1999), son of JFK, lawyer, magazine publisher (George), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 11/25/01)
1960        Nov 25, "Amos 'n' Andy" made its last broadcast on CBS radio.
    (MC, 11/25/01)
1960        Nov 25, CBS ended last 4 radio soap operas (Ma Perkins, Right to Happiness, Young Dr Malone & 2nd Mrs. Burton) and canceled 4 other series.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1963        Nov 25, Assassinated President John F. Kennedy was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
    (AP, 11/25/97)(HN, 11/25/98)

1964        Nov 25, Eleven nations gave a total of $3 billion to rescue the value of the British currency.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1968        Nov 25, Upton B. Sinclair (b.1878), US novelist and social reformer (Jungle), died at age 90. His work included almost 50 novels, over 20 nonfiction books, plays and countless pieces of journalism. In 1975 Leon A. Harris Jr. (d.2000) authored "Upton Sinclair, American Rebel." In 2006 Anthony Arthur authored “Radical Innocent: Upton Sinclair."
    (www.americanwriters.org/writers/sinclair.asp)(WSJ, 2/23/06, p.D8)(WSJ, 6/10/06, p.P8)

1969        Nov 25, Pres. Nixon announced an unconditional renunciation of biological weapons.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.A14)(http://tinyurl.com/9yy6bc)

1970        Nov 25, Walter Hickel (1919-2010), former governor of Alaska and US Secretary of the Interior, was fired by Pres. Nixon after sending Nixon a letter critical of how the president handled student protests following the National Guard shootings at Kent State.
    (AH, 10/04, p.42)(SSFC, 5/9/10, p.C8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wally_Hickel)
1970        Nov 25, Yukio Mishima (45), Japanese author and nationalist (Hara-kiri), invaded military headquarters in Tokyo and committed ritual suicide samurai-style. His death was an act of protest after he failed to persuade the country's Self Defense Force to stage a coup and renounce the US-imposed postwar constitution that banned Japanese aggressive military action. His books included "The Sound of Waves" and "The Temple and the Golden Pavilion." In 1998 Jiro Fukushima published a memoir that contained 15 letters from Mishima and descriptions of a sexual liaison with Mishima. A lawsuit soon halted book sales.
    (SFEC, 1/25/98, Z1 p.2)(SFC, 10/21/99, p.B7)

1973        Nov 25, Pres. Nixon called for a ban on Sunday gasoline sales.
    (http://dotlibrary.dot.gov/Historian/chronology.htm)
1973        Nov 25, Albert DeSalvo, Boston strangler, was stabbed to death in prison. DeSalvo, the self-admitted Boston strangler, had been tried and convicted on unrelated assaults. 13 women were killed in Boston between 1962-1964. DNA evidence was sought in 1999. Susan Kelly wrote a book in 1995 on the Boston Strangler.
    (SFC, 7/10/99, p.A3)(www.us.imdb.com/name/nm1108915/)
1973        Nov 25, Greek President George Papadopoulos was ousted in a bloodless military coup led by police chief Brigadier Dimitris Ioannides. Gen'l. Faidon Gizikis was named president. Adamantios Androutsopoulis (d.2000 at 81) was named premier. The dictatorship ended in 1974.
    (AP, 11/25/97)(SFC, 6/28/99, p.A19)(SFC, 11/15/00, p.B6)
1973        Nov 25, Three Palestinians hijacked a KLM B747 enroute to New Delhi to Abu Dhabi.
    (www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Terrorism/incidents.html)
1973        Nov 25, Laurence Harvey (b.1928), film actor, died in London of cancer. He was an Academy Award-nominated Lithuanian-born actor who achieved fame in British and American films.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laurence_Harvey)

1974        Nov 25, Irish Republican Army was outlawed in Britain following deaths of 21. IRA bombs in British pubs killed 28 and wounded over 200 in the last 2 months.
    {Northern Ireland, Britain}
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prevention_of_Terrorism_Act_(Northern_Ireland))(WSJ, 3/12/04, p.A11)
1974        Nov 25, Nick Drake (b.1948), English musician and composer, died from an overdose of prescription drugs. His albums included "Five Leaves Left" (1969), "Bryter Layter," and "Pink Moon" (1971). Paul Humphries in 1997 authored the biography "Nick Drake: A Biography."
    (WSJ, 2/10/99, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nick_Drake)
1974        Nov 25, Former U.N. Secretary-General U Thant died in New York at age 65.
    (AP, 11/25/97)

1975        Nov 25, The Portuguese Communist Party under Alvaro Cunhal attempted a coup in Lisbon with leftist army paratroops.
    (WSJ, 10/14/98, p.A22)
1975        Nov 25, Suriname gained Independence from the Netherlands and adopted a new flag.
    (SFC, 9/6/96, p.A14)(http://flagspot.net/flags/sr.html)

1979        Nov 25, Israel returned the Alma oil field in A-Tour to Egypt.
    (www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/time70s.html)

1980        Nov 25, Sugar Ray Leonard regained the World Boxing Council welterweight championship when Roberto Duran abruptly quit in the eighth round at the Louisiana Superdome.
    (AP, 11/25/00)

1981        Nov 25, In the Seychelle Islands a group of mercenaries poising as a touring rugby team staged an ill-fated attempted takeover of the country.
    (www.strategypage.com/militaryforums/516-637.aspx)

1983        Nov 25, Syria and Saudi Arabia announced a cease-fire in PLO civil war in Tripoli.
    (www.defense-update.com/2005/02/arafats-dissidents-challenge-to-abu.html)

1984        Nov 25, William Schroeder of Jasper, Ind., became the 2nd man to receive a Jarvik-7 artificial heart, at Humana Hospital Audubon in Kentucky. He lived 620 days on the device.
    (AP, 11/25/04)   

1985        Nov 25, Ronald W. Pelton, a former employee of the National Security Agency, was arrested on espionage charges. Pelton was later convicted of selling secrets about signals intelligence to Soviet agents between 1980-1985 for $35,000 plus expenses. Pelton was released in 2015.
    (AP, 11/25/05)(SFC, 11/25/15, p.A8)
1985        Nov 25, Elsa Morante (b.1912), Italian writer, died. Her books included “House of Liars" (1948). In 2008 Lily Tuck authored the biography “Woman of Rome: A Life of Elsa Morante."
    (WSJ, 9/27/08, p.W11)

1986        Nov 25, Secret arms sales to Iran were uncovered with Lt. Col. Oliver North directing the proceeds to the contras in Nicaragua. The Iran-Contra affair erupted as President Reagan and Attorney General Edwin Meese revealed that profits from secret arms sales to Iran had been diverted to Nicaraguan rebels. Secretary Fawn Hall smuggled important documents out of Lt. Col. Oliver North’s office.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1986)(AP, 11/25/97)(HN, 11/25/98)

1987        Nov 25, Harold Washington, the first black mayor of Chicago (1983-1987), died at age 65 after suffering a heart attack in his City Hall office.
    (AP, 11/25/97)

1988        Nov 25, An earthquake centered in eastern Canada and measuring 5.7 on the Richter scale was felt widely across Canada and in the northeastern United States.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1989        Nov 25, More than 500,000 demonstrators gathered in Prague, Czechoslovakia, where they scoffed at a Communist Party shakeup and cheered Alexander Dubcek, the reformer ousted in 1968.
    (AP, 11/25/99)

1990        Nov 25, Poland held its first popular presidential election. Solidarity founder Lech Walesa, who received a plurality of votes, won a runoff the following month.
    (AP, 11/25/00)

1991        Nov 25, President George H.W. Bush threatened to veto anti-crime legislation heading for a final vote in Congress, accusing Democrats of producing a bill that would actually weaken law enforcement.
    (AP, 11/25/01)
1991        Nov 25, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev suffered a setback in his bid to hold the Soviet Union together when leaders of seven republics refused to endorse a treaty creating a new political union.
    (AP, 11/25/01)

1992        Nov 25, The Commerce Department reported that the gross domestic product, the sum of all goods and services produced within U.S. borders, had advanced at a brisk 3.9 percent seasonally adjusted annual rate during the third quarter of 1992.
    (AP, 11/25/97)

1993        Nov 25, Violence broke out in the Gaza Strip, a day after Israeli undercover soldiers killed Imad Akel, the head of the military wing of Hamas.
    (HN, 11/25/98)
1993        Nov 25, Egyptian Prime Minister Atef Sedki escaped an attempt on his life when Islamic militants detonated a car bomb near his motorcade. The attack killed a 5-year-old girl. Yasser al-Siri, a member of the “media committee" of the Islamic Jihad, was tried and convicted in absentia for the assassination attempt. Siri fled to the UK and obtained political asylum.
    (HN, 11/25/98)(WSJ, 10/26/01, p.A19)
1993        Nov 25, Anthony Burgess (b.1917) died in London at age 76. He was a British author of 34 books of fiction and 15 of non-fiction as well as plays, librettos and a considerable body of serious. His last book, a novel called “A Dead Man in Deptford," is actually an idiosyncratic biography of Christopher Marlowe. Burgess is best known today for his novel “Clockwork Orange." His final book, “Byrne," was a novel in verse of 8-line stanzas (ottova rima) published in 1997. In 2002 Roger Lewis authored the biography “Anthony Burgess."
    (WSJ, 4/28/95, p.A-8)(SFEC, 9/14/97, BR p.3)(HN, 11/25/98)(FT, 12/14/02, p.IV)

1994        Nov 25, NATO warplanes buzzed the besieged "safe haven" of Bihac in northwest Bosnia but did not carry out airstrikes against rebel Serbs.
    (AP, 11/25/99)
1994        Nov 25, Sony Corporation co-founder Akio Morita retired as chairman of the electronics giant for health reasons.
    (AP, 11/25/04)

1995        Nov 25, In his weekly radio address, President Clinton appealed to America’s values and interests as he pleaded for support for the Bosnia peace agreement.
    (AP, 11/25/00)
1995        Nov 25, Serbs in the Bosnian capital Sarajevo took to the streets by the thousands to protest the peace plan, vowing to fight to the death.
    (AP, 11/25/00)

1996        Nov 25, President Clinton won a victory on the trade front by getting Pacific Rim leaders meeting in the Philippines to accept the year 2000 as a deadline for cutting tariffs on information technology.
    (AP, 11/25/97)
1996        Nov 25, Testifying for a second day at a civil trial, O.J. Simpson again denied killing Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman, but couldn't explain how blood believed to be the victims' got into his Bronco, or how he suffered hand cuts.
    (AP, 11/25/97)
1996        Nov 25, In Belarus Pres. Lukashenko claimed victory in a referendum that proposed restarting his 5-year term with broad new powers. It extended his term to 2001, granted him immunity from prosecution, gave him control of key political positions from judgeships to Parliament seats and the authority to declare a state of emergency at will. Russia said that all nuclear warheads from Belarus had been returned.
    (SFC, 11/26/96, p.B2) (WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A18)(WSJ, 11/26/96, p.A1)
1996        Nov 25, In Iraq the government agreed to implement the UN conditions set for a $2 billion oil-for-food sale.
    (SFC, 11/26/96, p.B3)
1996        Nov 25, In Belgrade, Serbia, 100,000 demonstrators protested the nullification of municipal election results.
    (SFC, 11/26/96, p.B2)

1997        Nov 25, President Clinton and Pacific Rim leaders meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, approved a rescue strategy for Asian economies shaken by plunging currencies, bank failures and bankruptcies. The 2-day APEC summit in Vancouver closed and leaders agreed to an IMF bailout plan. Forum leaders also agreed to admit Russia, Vietnam and Peru into the organization as of 1998.
    (SFC, 11/26/97, p.C2)(HN, 11/25/98)
1997        Nov 25, The FERC (Federal Energy Regulatory Commission) ordered the dismantling of the 160-year-old Edwards Dam on the Kennebec River in Maine. The commission refused to reissue a license to Edwards Manufacturing Co. and ordered Edwards to pay the estimated $6.4 million cost of removing its dam.
    (SFC, 11/26/97, p.A7)
1997        Nov 25, Federal indictments were brought against 19 people, who included mobsters from the Genovese and Bonanno families, corporate executives of HealthTech and stockbrokers of the Wall Street firm Meyers Pollock Robbins Inc. for racketeering, extortion and securities fraud.
    (SFC, 11/26/97, p.B1)
1997        Nov 25, Teamsters President Ron Carey announced he was taking an unpaid leave of absence to fight an election overseer's decision barring him from a rerun. Hours later a federal oversight board accused him of diverting union money to his 1996 re-election campaign.
    (SFC, 11/26/97, p.A3) (HN, 11/25/98)
1997        Nov 25, In Washington DC Police Chief Larry D. Soulsby resigned just hours before a police lieutenant roommate was charged with extorting money from married men who frequented gay bars. The chief and his lieutenant shared a cut-rate luxury apartment obtained under false premises.
    (SFC, 11/26/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 25, In the Congo it was reported that police flogged 10 journalists for attending a news conference by politician Z’Ahidi Arthur Ngoma. Ngoma and five supporters were arrested after the conference.
    (SFC, 11/28/97, p.B5)
1997        Nov 25, It was reported that Iraq’s agency for electronic eavesdropping, known as Project 858, spied on UN weapons inspectors.
    (SFC, 11/25/97, p.A8)
1997        Nov 25, Dr. Kamuzu Banda (99), dictator of Malawi from 1964-1994, died in South Africa (www.dispatch.co.za/1997/11/27/page%2019.htm). His official birthday was given as May 14, 1906.
    (SFC, 11/27/97, p.B8)
1997        Nov 25, In Mexico two high-ranking army officers were charged with murder in the Sep 8 killings. It was the first time in modern Mexican history that a civilian court had brought charges against an army officer.
    (WSJ, 11/26/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 25, In Russia Richard Bliss (29), an employee of Qualcomm Comm., was arrested for spying while performing land surveys using satellite receivers in Rostov-on-Don. Qualcomm was under contract to install a cellular phone system. Bliss was later released for a Christmas holiday with some assurance that he would return for trial.
    (SFC, 12/6/97, p.A8)(SFC, 12/24/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 25, The South Korean stock market hit a low of 439.59, its lowest point since Jul, 1987.
    (SFC, 11/26/97, p.C2)

1998        Nov 25, In Michigan a prosecutor brought charges of first-degree murder against Dr. Jack Kevorkian for administering a lethal injection last Sept. to a terminally ill man who wished to die.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 25, In Washington state an explosion at the Equilon Puget Sound Refining Co. at Anacortes killed 6 people.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.A3)
1998        Nov 25, Flip Wilson (64), the fist successful black host of a TV variety show, the Flip Wilson Show from 1970-1974, died in Malibu, Calif.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B9)(AP, 11/25/99)
1998        Nov 25, From Belarus it was reported that food rationing had been imposed for milk, meat and other goods due to shortages.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B5)
1998        Nov 25, In Britain 5 members of the House of Lords voted 3 to 2 to reject former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet’s claim of immunity from extradition. The rejection came one day before Pinochet’s 83rd birthday. The final decision rested with Home Sec. Jack Straw.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.A1,B2)(SFC, 11/27/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 25, In India state elections were held in Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan, and Mizoram. Polls predicted a setback for the ruling BJP.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B3)
1998        Nov 25, President Jiang Zemin arrived in Tokyo for the first visit to Japan by a Chinese head of state since World War II. Zemin and Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi decided not to sign a joint declaration on the relationship between their countries during the Jiang’s 6-day visit, the first ever by a Chinese head of state. Zemin wanted a written apology from Japan for WW II atrocities that began with a 1931 Japanese invasion. Only verbal apologies were made.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B3)(AP, 11/25/99)
1998        Nov 25, In Poland the cold weather left another 8 people dead, mostly middle-aged drinkers who died outside.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B5)
1998        Nov 25, In Turkey the government of Mesut Yilmaz lost a vote of confidence 314-214. Pres. Demirel was expected to ask Yilmaz to stay on until an interim government is formed.
    (SFC, 11/26/98, p.B2)

1999        Nov 25, A 5-year-old boy, one of 14 escapees from Cuba, was saved by sport fisherman off Florida while 9 people drowned. The fate of Elian Gonzalez was in question after his father called for his return to Cuba. This set off an international custody battle between relatives in Miami and Elian's father in Cuba.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.A3)(SFC, 12/1/99, p.A7)(AP, 11/25/06)
1999        Nov 25, Britain and France called for a 50-60 thousand European Union rapid reaction force.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.B2)
1999        Nov 25, In Chechnya Russian forces fired hundreds of rockets into Grozny in its fiercest assault in the 3-month offensive.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.A20)
1999        Nov 25, The Chinese ferry, Dashun, with 312 passengers caught fire and sank in stormy seas on the Bohai Strait near Yantai in Shandong province. Only 22 passengers were rescued.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/26/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/27/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 25, A 5-year-old boy, one of 14 escapees from Cuba, was saved by fisherman while 9 people drowned. The fate of Elian Gonzalez was in question after his father called for his return to Cuba. His rescue set off an international custody battle between relatives in Miami and Elian’s father in Cuba.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.A3)(SFC, 12/1/99, p.A7)(AP, 11/25/00)
1999        Nov 25, In Nigeria at least 27 people were killed at a food market in Kedu when Yoruba traders, backed by members of the militant Odua People's Congress, clashed with Hausa counterparts.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.B4)
1999        Nov 25, In Zurich fireworks caused light damage to 3 US-related buildings. Responsibility was taken by a group called Freedom for Mumia Abu-Jamal.
    (SFC, 11/26/99, p.B4)

2000        Nov 25, Hundreds of military veterans and retirees, angered by the rejection of overseas absentee ballots in Florida, held a noisy demonstration in Pensacola, one of several rallies Republicans and Democrats staged across Florida.
    (AP, 11/25/01)
2000        Nov 25, In Azerbaijan an earthquake hit Baku and at least 3 people were killed. 20 people died of heart attacks.
    (SSFC, 11/26/00, p.D6)(WSJ, 11/27/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 25, In Bangladesh 52 people were killed in a fire at the Chowdhury Knitwear Garments factory at Shibpur.
    (SSFC, 11/26/00, p.D9)(SSFC, 4/15/01, p.D1)
2000        Nov 25, Israeli soldiers killed 4 Palestinians and wounded over 30 in a series of clashes that undermined field level cooperation. 2 students and 2 bakers were killed by Israeli soldiers, who claimed Jamal Abdel Razek was a leader of the Tanzim militia traveling with 3 bodyguards.
    (SSFC, 11/26/00, p.A18)(SFC, 12/6/00, p.A16)
2000        Nov 25, In the Netherlands the last day of the Global Warming conference at the Hague produced only a declaration of intent to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. A compromise between US and EU negotiators failed. An increase of 4.5 to 8 degrees Fahrenheit was predicted in the coming 100 years if greenhouse gas emissions were not reduced.
    (SFC, 11/25/00, p.C1)(SSFC, 11/26/00, p.A18)
2000        Nov 25, In Peru Walter Ledesma, the new defense minister, announced the immediate dismissal of 12 generals.
    (SSFC, 11/26/00, p.D9)
2000        Nov 25, In the Philippines military troops retook Camp Bushra in Lanao del Sur province and reported 10 rebels killed. The rebels reported 22 military casualties.
    (SFC, 11/27/00, p.A8)

2001        Nov 25, Scientists at Advanced Cell Technology in Worcester, Mass., said they created the world’s 1st cloned human embryo, which they let grow for just a few hours. China’s Dr. Lu Guangxiu later claimed that her Xiangya Medical College team had cloned a human embryo 2 years earlier.
    (SFC, 11/26/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/6/02, p.A1)
2001        Nov 25, Taliban troops near Mazar-e-Sharif staged a prison revolt and hundreds were reported killed. US marines landed near Kandahar marking the 1st major use of US ground troops in Afghanistan. 5 Americans were injured by an American bomb and 1 CIA agent, Johnny Michael Spann (32), was reportedly killed.
    (SFC, 11/26/01, p.A1)(SFC, 11/27/01, p.A8)(SFC, 11/29/01, p.A1)(NW, 12/10/01, p.31)
2001        Nov 25, Ethiopia sent troops into the northeastern Somali region of Puntland to help Col. Abdullahi Yussuf regain power. Yussuf was overthrown Aug 26 after his 3-year term ended. On Nov 21 Yussuf launched an attack on Garoweh, the capital of Puntland and said it was to crush Islamic terrorists.
    (SFC, 11/26/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 11/28/01, p.A10)
2001        Nov 25, In Honduras Pres. elections Ricardo Maduro (50) led polls over Rafael Pineda of the governing Liberal Party. Early returns showed Maduro with a 52% lead.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A18)(SFC, 11/26/01, p.A12)
2001        Nov 25, Israeli soldiers shot and killed a 13-year-old Palestinian youth during a clash in the West Bank. Israeli forces carried out missile strikes in the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 11/26/01, p.A9)

2002        Nov 25, Pres. Bush signed into law the Department of Homeland Security and named Tom Ridge as head of the Cabinet-level office.
    (SFC, 11/26/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 25, US federal investigators reported that they had uncovered the largest identity theft ring ever seen. They alleged that 3 men had victimized over 30,000 people and caused the loss of millions.
    (SFC, 11/26/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 25, Space shuttle Endeavour arrived at the international space station, delivering one American and two Russians, and another girder for the orbiting outpost.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2002        Nov 25, Eugene V. Rostow (89), former US State Department official, died.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2002        Nov 25, Karel Reisz (b.1926), Czech-born film director, died in London. He fled Nazi occupation in 1938. His film career began in Britain and moved on to Hollywood where his work included "The French Lieutenant's Woman."
    (SFC, 11/28/02, p.A30)
2002        Nov 25, In France striking truckers blockaded roadways in about 20 locations, but police intervened to dismantle several barricades that had slowed access to airports and highways.
    (AP, 11/25/02)
2002        Nov 25, Indian security forces shot dead two suspected Muslim militants who had attacked Hindu temples in Indian Kashmir, ending a bloody siege that cast a shadow over efforts to bring peace to the disputed region.
    (AP, 11/25/02)
2002        Nov 25, An overloaded bus crashed off a bridge into a boulder-strewn gorge in central India, killing at least 36 people and injuring 45.
    (Reuters, 11/25/02)
2002        Nov 25, Israeli troops shot and killed an 8-year-old Palestinian boy in Nablus as hundreds of youths ignored a curfew and threw stones at soldiers on their way home from school. Israeli troops and armored vehicles pulled out of Bethlehem.
    (AP, 11/25/02)
2002        Nov 25, Floods caused by 2 days of heavy rains in Morocco killed at least 37 people, collapsed homes, shut down rail travel and damaged the country's huge oil refinery.
    (AP, 11/26/02)
2002        Nov 25, Pakistan's military said it had killed and wounded several Indian troops in the heaviest exchange of fire across the military control line in disputed Kashmir in recent days.
    (AP, 11/25/02)
2002        Nov 25, Philippine communist rebels, fleeing pursuing soldiers, torched a mobile phone relay station at Puerto Galera, a resort close to the capital Manila which is one of the country's best-known scuba diving spots.
    (Reuters, 11/25/02)

2003        Nov 25, The US Senate gave final congressional approval to historic Medicare legislation combining a new prescription drug benefit with measures to control costs before the baby boom generation reaches retirement age.
    (WSJ, 11/3/04, p.A6)(AP, 11/25/08)
2003        Nov 25, The US Commerce Dept. Reported profits at American companies rose 30% in the 3rd quarter compared to a year earlier.
    (WSJ, 11/26/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 25, Gail Knisley (62) was shot and killed while riding in a car on a highway in Columbus, Ohio. It was the only fatality in a series of shootings that terrified area drivers. A suspect, Charles A. McCoy Jr., was arrested March 17, 2004. McCoy later pleaded guilty to manslaughter and 10 other charges, and was sentenced to 27 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/25/04)(AP, 11/25/08)
2003        Nov 25, In Cambodia PM Hun Sen's nephew was arrested on murder charges for allegedly shooting to death two people after a car crash.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2003        Nov 25, In Colombia 800 fighters of a feared right-wing militia piled their weapons and ammunition on the floor in a disarmament ceremony touted by the government as a first step toward ending four decades of war. The army recovered a body believed to be that of a Japanese businessman abducted more than three years ago.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2003        Nov 25, In Colombia Abelardo Forero (91), a journalist and politician who tried to soothe a nation wracked by violence, died. In 1978, Forero launched a television show, "The Past in the Present," that brought to life Colombia's tumultuous history. The award-wining program ran for 15 years.
    (AP, 11/26/03)
2003        Nov 25, In Congo 2 ferries collided in a storm on Mai-Ndombe lake. At least 182 people were killed and more than 100 others were missing.
    (AP, 11/27/03)(AP, 11/28/03)
2003        Nov 25, Georgian lawmakers set a new presidential election for Jan 4. The foreign debt stood at $1.8 billion, the unemployment rate was 30% and the average monthly salary was $20.
    (AP, 11/25/03)(SFC, 11/26/03, p.A13)
2003        Nov 25, The Indian and Pakistani armies agreed to stop firing across their frontier, including in disputed Kashmir, starting at midnight in a further easing of tensions between the nuclear-armed neighbors.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2003        Nov 25, In southern India an explosion at a state-run factory that makes detonators killed at least 10 workers.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2003        Nov 25, Sales of Mexican green onions plunged after a hepatitis outbreak in the US was traced to northwestern Mexico, forcing farmers in this valley to defend the safety of their produce and find ways to stay afloat financially.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2003        Nov 25, Nigeria's President Olusegun Obasanjo said he will surrender ousted Liberian leader Charles Taylor to face a war crimes trial if Liberia asks.
    (AP, 11/25/03)
2003        Nov 25, Saudi police killed 2 militants and seized a car bomb ready for detonation in post Ramadan celebrations.
    (WSJ, 11/26/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 25, The UN said AIDS will kill 3 million people this year and infect 5 million. The global HIV tally was put at 40 million.
    (WSJ, 11/26/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 25, In Yemen security forces arrested Saudi-born Mohammed Hamdi al-Ahdal (32), the alleged mastermind of the attacks on the USS Cole, at a hide-out west of the capital, San'a. Al-Ahdal was later sentenced to three years for the French tanker attack, but was not charged in the Cole case.
    (AP, 11/26/03)(SFC, 11/26/03, p.A10)(AP, 11/25/08)

2004        Nov 25, Mohamed ElBaradei, head of the UN nuclear watchdog IAEA, said a deal was reached with Brazil on inspecting its uranium enrichment plant.
    (AP, 11/25/04)
2004        Nov 25, The 3rd IUCN World Conservation Congress closed in Bangkok. Its final resolutions included a resolution urging governments to limit the use of loud noise sources in the world’s oceans.
    (SFC, 12/13/04, p.C1)
2004        Nov 25, In China Yan Yanming (21) broke into a high school dormitory in Ruzhou with a knife and killed 8 students. A series of knife attacks have hit Chinese schools in recent months. Yanming was executed Jan 18, 2004.
    (AP, 11/26/04)(AP, 1/20/05)
2004        Nov 25, Congo Pres. Joseph Kabila suspended 6 cabinet ministers and 10 directors of state-run companies. A parliamentary inquiry alleged they had embezzled government funds.
    (AP, 11/26/04)
2004        Nov 25, Eight former pro-Jakarta militiamen were convicted in East Timor for crimes against humanity committed in the mayhem surrounding a 1999 UN-backed vote that led to the country's separation from Indonesia.
    (AFP, 11/29/04)
2004        Nov 25, Ethiopia finally accepted a special commission's ruling designed to resolve a border dispute with Eritrea that sparked a devastating war between 1998 and 2000.
    (AFP, 11/25/04)
2004        Nov 25, French President Jacques Chirac set aside years of acrimony over the bombing of a French passenger jet in the 1980s and declared a "new chapter" in relations with Libya.
    (AP, 11/25/04)
2004        Nov 25, Leading Sunni Muslim politicians in Iraq urged postponement of the Jan. 30, 2005, national elections. However, the elections ended up taking place as scheduled.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2004        Nov 25, A mortar attack killed four employees of a British security firm and wounded 15 others in the Baghdad's Green Zone. Two Marines were killed and 3 others wounded when they came under fire during house-clearing operations in Fallujah. 3 rebels were killed in response.
    (AP, 11/26/04)
2004        Nov 25, An Iraqi official said more than 2,000 people have been killed so far in the U.S.-Iraqi operation against the former insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
    (AP, 11/25/04)
2004        Nov 25, In Mexico the bodies of 9 people, including three federal agents, were discovered at two sites outside Cancun, and police are blaming the killings on a drug turf war.
    (AP, 11/26/04)
2004        Nov 25, Mexican federal investigators said that two Mexico City police and 27 other people face homicide charges in the horrific vigilante killings of two federal agents this week.
    (AP, 11/26/04)
2004        Nov 25, Myanmar announced it is to free more than 5,000 prisoners on top of the nearly 4,000 announced last week.
    (AP, 11/25/04)
2004        Nov 25, Nicaragua's congress voted to give itself the power to ratify and dismiss Cabinet ministers and other officials in a deepening political crisis touched off by anti-corruption efforts.
    (AP, 11/26/04)
2004        Nov 25, In Singapore China Aviation Oil, CAO Singapore, filed for bankruptcy protection following an estimated loss of $550 million from a series of bets on oil prices.
    (WSJ, 12/6/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 25, The UN World Food Program said it has suspended its operations in most of the Sudanese state of North Darfur and relocated its staff to the capital due to renewed clashes between rebels and government forces.
    (AP, 11/25/04)
2004        Nov 25, Ukraine's Supreme Court prohibited making the results of the nation's disputed presidential election official until it considers an appeal.
    (AP, 11/25/04)

2005        Nov 25, It was reported that thieves in Baltimore had stolen some 130 aluminum light poles over the last few weeks.
    (SFC, 11/25/05, p.A8)
2005        Nov 25, Massachusetts’ attorney general said it is opening an investigation into several supermarkets that opened on Thanksgiving in defiance of the state’s Puritan-era blue laws.
    (SFC, 11/26/05, p.C2)
2005        Nov 25, Nine inmates escaped from the Yakima County Jail in Washington state; all were recaptured, although one was at large for three weeks.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2005        Nov 25, Members of the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) gave the title of "endangered" to 11 new species.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, In Afghanistan a Swedish soldier died from wounds suffered in a roadside bomb blast. He was one of 4 wounded by the blast in Mazar-e-Sharif.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 25, The European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica reported that carbon dioxide in the current atmosphere is greater than at any time during the last 650,000 years.
    (SFC, 11/25/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 25, In Belgium a one-day strike interrupted production at the Volkswagen AG plant in the outskirts of Brussels as trade unions protested planned government changes to retirement policy.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, George Best (59), one of the most dazzling players in soccer history who also reveled in a hard-drinking, playboy lifestyle, died in London after decades of alcohol abuse.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Canada pledged $4.3 billion in a landmark deal with Indian and northern Inuit communities to help lift them from the poverty and disease that has plagued their neglected reserves for more than a century.
    (AP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 25, Pushing China's foreign exchange reform ahead by another step, the central bank carried out its first currency swap deals with local banks in a move that could help bring more flexibility to the market.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, China's Ministry of Agriculture confirmed a bird flu outbreak in Zalantun city in northern China's Inner Mongolia bringing to 23 the number of outbreaks of the disease.
    (Reuters, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Newspapers in Dubai reported that police had raided a hotel chalet in Ghantout and arrested 26 men as they celebrated a wedding ceremony. 22 of the 26 arrested were from the Emirates.
    (SSFC, 11/27/05, p.A23)
2005        Nov 25, EU Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn officially opened landmark negotiations on closer ties between Bosnia and the 25-member European Union.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, In Guadeloupe youths set up flaming tire barricades and threw rocks at police in clashes sparked by a motorcycle crash at a police checkpoint.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, In India more than 60 people were feared drowned after two crowded buses were washed away in floods in the southern state of Tamil Nadu.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Indonesia said it would begin producing the bird flu drug Tamiflu, while Vietnam and China reported new outbreaks of the virus among poultry.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Susanne Osthoff, a German aid worker and archaeologist, was kidnapped in Iraq; she was released more than three weeks later.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2005        Nov 25, Israel handed over the remains of three Hezbollah guerrillas to Lebanon in a bid to defuse tensions after fierce border clashes, but Hezbollah's leader said his group will keep trying to kidnap Israeli soldiers.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Across Italy public transportation ground to a halt, public offices shut down and thousands rallied as part of a general strike against the government's 2006 budget.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, In Lithuania the prosecutor general's office said a Lithuanian man suspected of helping Nazis round up Jews during World War II will stand trial in a Vilnius court. Algimantas Dailide (84), who moved to the US in 1955 and lived there until he was deported in 2003 for lying about his wartime past, is accused of being a member of the Nazi-sponsored Lithuanian Security Police, known as the Saugumas, which took part in the arrests of Jews during the war.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas opened the Gaza-Egypt border in a festive ceremony, a milestone for the Palestinians who for the first time took control of a frontier crossing without Israeli veto powers and gained some freedom of movement.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah party held primaries in six West Bank cities to choose candidates for a January parliament election.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Poland's defense minister signed an order that will give researchers access to most of the Warsaw Pact's top-secret archives, including decisions related to the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Hissene Habre, Chad's former dictator, was freed after a Senegalese court said it had no jurisdiction to rule on his extradition to Belgium to stand trial for war crimes.
    (AP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, Slovakia joined the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) as a first step towards adopting the European Union's common euro currency.
    (AFP, 11/26/05)
2005        Nov 25, Swiss authorities said they will block major foreign acquisitions by the telecommunications operator Swisscom because of financial risk to the state, which holds most of the company's shares.
    (AFP, 11/25/05)
2005        Nov 25, In Vietnam former British glam rocker Gary Glitter was charged with committing "obscene acts with children" and could face more serious charges that carry the death penalty.
    (AP, 11/25/05)

2006        Nov 25, James Wolfensohn, former World Bank chief, warned that Western nations must prepare for a future dominated by China and India, whose rapid economic rise will soon fundamentally alter the balance of power. He spoke at the University of New South Wales for the 2006 Wallace Wurth Memorial Lecture.
    (AFP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 25, In NYC Sean Bell (23) and two other unarmed men in a car were killed hours before Bell was to have married the mother of his two children. The confrontation with police stemmed from an undercover operation by 7 officers investigating the Kalua Cabaret in Queens. Two officers were later indicted for manslaughter, and a third was charged with reckless endangerment; all pleaded not guilty. In 2008 three NYPD detectives were acquitted of all charges in the case.
    (AP, 11/27/06)(AP, 11/25/07)(AP, 4/25/08)
2006        Nov 25, Insurgents attacked NATO-led forces Saturday near the Tirin Kot district of Uruzgan province. NATO returned fire and called in attack aircraft, killing approximately 50 insurgents.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yfs28z)(WSJ, 11/27/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 25, In Argentina Nora Dalmasso (51) was strangled in her Buenos Aires suburban home. In 2007 her son, Facundo Macarron (20), was charged with her murder and aggravated sexual abuse.
    (SSFC, 6/17/07, p.A16)
2006        Nov 25, Bahrain, an island nation of 700,000 citizens, held elections. More than 200 candidates vied for the National Assembly's 40-seat lower house. 40 members of the upper chamber are appointed by King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, who can veto parliamentary legislation. Shiites and opposition members say the system preserves Sunni dominance.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, Health workers began a drive across Bangladesh to immunize 24 million children under five against polio to combat the crippling virus that has staged a comeback in the South Asian nation.
    (AFP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, A group of 18 English tourists was robbed by heavily armed gunmen shortly after arriving in Rio de Janeiro for vacation. Last month, gunmen attacked a bus carrying Chinese tourists and robbed them of $17,000.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 25, In eastern Chad fighting broke out between the national army and rebels, and rebels claimed they had seized the major city in the area.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, Congo’s government and the UN said fighters loyal to warlord Laurent Nkunda attacked army positions in eastern Congo with small arms and heavy weapons. Nkunda controlled thousands of fighters and claimed the loyalty of the 81st and 83rd army brigades, the troops involved in the most recent clashes.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, A third batch of Indonesians left to join a UN peacekeeping force in Lebanon, bringing the Asian nation's Middle East deployment to more than 830 troops.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, Gunmen broke into two Shiite homes and killed 21 men in front of their relatives in Baladruz. Coalition forces north of Baghdad attacked 3 vehicles carrying 12 insurgents. Soldiers opened fire on the cars when they ignored warning shots, and all the militants were killed. 13 bodies were found dumped in various parts of Baghdad. Iraqi police killed at least 36 insurgents and wounded dozens after scores of militants armed with assault rifles and rocket-propelled grenades attacked government buildings in the center of Baqouba. At least 11 more suspected militants were killed in Baqouba after nightfall. One US soldier was killed in Diyala by a roadside bomb. 2 US Marines were killed in Anbar province.
    (AP, 11/25/06)(AP, 11/26/06)(SSFC, 11/26/06, p.A13)
2006        Nov 25, Israel and the Palestinians agreed to a cease-fire to end a five-month Israeli military offensive in the Gaza Strip and the firing of rockets by Palestinian militants into the Jewish state. Hamas' leader, Damascus-based supreme leader Khaled Mashaal, said his group was willing to give peace negotiations with Israel six months to reach an agreement for a Palestinian state in Gaza and the West Bank, but threatened a new uprising if the talks fail.
    (AP, 11/25/06) (AP, 11/25/07)
2006        Nov 25, Hezbollah renewed its threat to stage mass protests aimed at bringing down Lebanon's US-backed government as the Cabinet scheduled meeting to vote on an international tribunal to try suspects in the killing of a former prime minister.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, In Mexico singer Valentin Elizalde (27) was ambushed and gunned down along with his manager and driver following a performance in Reynosa. His ballads included narco-corridos, which honored the exploits of drug dealers.
    (SSFC, 11/26/06, p.A19)
2006        Nov 25, In the southern Philippines the Leonida II, a small ferry, capsized in rough waters, leaving 19 passengers missing while 66 people were rescued.
    (AP, 11/26/06)
2006        Nov 25, US Vice President Dick Cheney arrived in Saudi Arabia for talks with King Abdullah, apparently seeking the Sunni royal family's influence and tribal connections to calm Iraq after an especially violent week.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, Sri Lankan warplanes attacked a camp housing Tamil Tiger rebel suicide bombers in the country's north.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, In Thailand a regional representative for teachers said more than 300 schools in the south will close indefinitely Nov 27, after attacks by suspected Muslim insurgents left two teachers dead.
    (AP, 11/25/06)
2006        Nov 25, A UN agency said that Israel laid mines in Lebanon during this summer's war between the Jewish state and the Lebanon-based Hezbollah group, the first time Israel has been accused of planting mines during the latest fighting.
    (AP, 11/25/06)

2007        Nov 25, Kevin Dubrow (52), lead singer for the 1980s heavy metal band Quiet Riot, died in Las Vegas from an accidental cocaine overdose.
    (AP, 12/11/07)
2007        Nov 25, NATO's ISAF confirmed that airstrikes targeted and killed 3 Taliban militants who were planting mines in nearby Gardez.
    (AP, 11/25/07)
2007        Nov 25, Newly elected leader Kevin Rudd moved quickly to bring Australia into international talks on fighting global warming, and to head off potentially thorny relations with the United States and key Asian neighbors.
    (AP, 11/25/07)
2007        Nov 25, More than 50 people were missing after a boat, possibly being ferried by human traffickers, sank off a southern Bangladesh island bordering Myanmar waters.
    (AP, 11/26/07)
2007        Nov 25, In northeastern Brazil a section of stands at a soccer stadium gave way as fans cheered at the end of a game, killing eight people.
    (AP, 11/26/07)
2007        Nov 25, Actor Neil Hope, who starred as Derek "Wheels" Wheeler on the popular 1980s TV series "Degrassi Junior High," died. He had little contact with relatives and friends in his final years and died alone in an Ontario rooming house. His death was not made public until 2012.
    (AP, 2/18/12)
2007        Nov 25, In China 6 people were confirmed dead and 7 others were reported missing after an iron tailing dam collapsed early this morning in northeast Liaoning Province.
    (Reuters, 11/25/07)
2007        Nov 25, Croatia held parliamentary elections. Exit polls and preliminary results showed that the ruling conservatives and opposition center-left Social Democrats were virtually tied.
    (AP, 11/26/07)
2007        Nov 25, In France youths assaulted a police station, torched cars and vandalized stores in a rampage that injured 21 police officers in Villiers-le-Bel, a rundown Paris suburb. The violence was prompted when two teens were killed in a motorbike crash with a police patrol car.
    (AP, 11/26/07)
2007        Nov 25, Two strong earthquakes struck Indonesia’s eastern island of Sumbawa and killed at least three people, including a child, and injured 45 others.
    (AP, 11/26/07)(Econ, 12/1/07, p.58)
2007        Nov 25, In Iraq a parked car bomb exploded in a crowded area near a medical complex in Baghdad, killing at least nine people and wounding more than 30. A roadside bomb targeted an Iraqi army patrol at an intersection in a northeastern Baghdad neighborhood, killing one civilian and wounding eight others. Masked gunmen killed 11 relatives of a journalist critical of the Iraqi government, according to colleagues and the media advocacy group Reporters Without Border.
    (AP, 11/25/07)(AP, 11/27/07)
2007        Nov 25, In Malaysia some 10-20 thousand ethnic Indians clashed with police at a rally in downtown Kuala Lumpur to demand economic equality.
    (AP, 11/27/07)(AP, 12/16/07)
2007        Nov 25, An army spokesman and Palestinian medics said Israeli troops killed two armed Palestinians in the Hamas-run Gaza Strip overnight.
    (AFP, 11/25/07)
2007        Nov 25, Pakistan’s exiled former PM Nawaz Sharif returned home to a hero's welcome and called on President Gen. Pervez Musharraf to end emergency rule before elections, a fresh challenge to the US-backed leader. The army said that 30 pro-Taliban fighters and one Pakistani soldier died in an operation to capture militant positions in the Swat valley.
    (AP, 11/25/07)
2007        Nov 25, In the Philippines Typhoon Mitag hit Isabela province after killing 8 people in other parts of the country. A week earlier Typhoon Hagibis left 13 people before heading toward Vietnam. It then reversed direction and headed back toward the Philippines.
    (SFC, 11/26/07, p.A10)
2007        Nov 25, Dozens of members of a Russian opposition party and other activists were detained by police as they tried to gather for a protest rally in central St. Petersburg.
    (AP, 11/25/07)
2007        Nov 25, In Sudan Gillian Gibbons (54), a British teacher, was put under detention for allegedly insulting Islam's prophet by allowing children to call a teddy bear Mohammed. She was arrested because of a complaint under Article 125 of the penal code, which provides punishment for publicly insulting or degrading any religion, its rites, beliefs and sacred items or humiliating its believers. On Nov 28 Sudan charged Gibbons with inciting religious hatred.
    (AFP, 11/26/07)(AP, 11/27/07)(AP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 25, In Uganda Commonwealth leaders called on Pakistan to remain engaged with the group as they wrapped up a summit here that saw the suspension of President Pervez Musharraf's country.
    (AP, 11/25/07)

2008        Nov 25, The Bush administration unveiled a set of new programs intended to pump an additional $800 billion into the economy and thaw still-frozen credit markets. The US Federal Reserve said it will buy up to $600 billion in mortgage-backed assets in another attempt to deal with the financial crisis.
    (AP, 11/25/08)(AP, 11/26/08)
2008        Nov 25, The Bush administration imposed financial sanctions on four people it called "cronies" of Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe whose support allegedly allowed Mugabe to undermine democracy.
    (AP, 11/25/08)
2008        Nov 25, The US said it will freeze about $64 million in anti-poverty aid to Nicaragua amid accusations that local elections were fraudulent.
    (AP, 11/26/08)
2008        Nov 25, The US Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. (FDIC) said the list of banks it considers to be in trouble shot up nearly 50 percent to 171 during the third quarter.
    (AP, 11/26/08)
2008        Nov 25, A judge ruled that a strict Florida law that blocks gay people from adopting children is unconstitutional, declaring there was no legal or scientific reason for sexual orientation alone to prohibit anyone from adopting.
    (AP, 11/25/08)
2008        Nov 25, Gerald Schoenfeld (b.1924), head of the Shubert Organization, died in NYC. From 1972 he and Bernard B. Jacobs (d.1996) reinvigorated the commercial theater business.
    (SFC, 11/27/08, p.B8)
2008        Nov 25, Afghan President Hamid Karzai demanded at a meeting with a UN Security Council team that the international community set a "timeline" for ending military intervention in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 11/25/08)
2008        Nov 25, In Australia BHP Billiton dropped its controversial hostile takeover bid for rival Rio Tinto because of the global economic crisis.
    (AFP, 11/25/08)
2008        Nov 25 Armenia won its second straight gold medal at the Chess Olympiad in Germany by defeating China 2.5-1.5 in the 11th and final round.
    (AP, 11/26/08)
2008        Nov 25, In Britain the application process began for a national identity card for some foreign nationals in an attempt to combat terrorism and identity fraud. On June 30, 2009, home secretary Alan Johnson said Britons would not be required to have the new ID cards. A British law went into effect that allows courts to prevent someone from being forced into marriage, a move that comes as governments across Europe confront immigrant practices that sometimes clash with more liberal values. On Oct 12, 2011, Britain’s highest court ruled that the ban on foreign spouses aged under 21 entering Britain is unlawful.
    (AP, 11/25/08)(Econ, 7/4/09, p.55)(AP, 10/12/11)
2008        Nov 25, In Britain a Sheffield man (56) was sentenced to life in prison for raping his children for more than 25 years, from the time they were between 8 and 10, beating them when they resisted. Between them, the daughters bore their father seven surviving children. Two more died at birth; the other pregnancies ended in abortion or miscarriage.
    (AP, 11/26/08)
2008        Nov 25, Bulgaria lost euro220 million ($286 million) in promised payments from the EU because of its failure to tackle corruption.
    (www.eubusiness.com/news-eu/1227620855.75/)
2008        Nov 25, In Egypt the state news agency MENA reported that Coptic Pope Shenuda III has banned Egyptian Christians from praying in a church-owned building in Cairo after sectarian clashes there with Muslims.
    (AFP, 11/25/08)
2008        Nov 25, EU ministers sought to enlist counterparts from 27 African countries in a new effort to curb the flood of illegal immigration.
    (AFP, 11/25/08)
2008        Nov 25, Greenland polling stations opened in a referendum on expanding home rule. Voters overwhelmingly approved a plan for more autonomy from Denmark and to take advantage of potential oil reserves off the glacial island's coast.
    (AP, 11/25/08)(AP, 11/26/08)
2008        Nov 25, In eastern India suspected communist rebels blew up a bridge, killing five police officers who were escorting election officials in Chattisgarh state.
    (AP, 11/25/08)
2008        Nov 25, Iran said it has broken a spy ring working for Israel’s intelligence service, Mossad. The prosecutor general said it would the death penalty for 3 suspects in custody.
    (SFC, 11/26/08, p.A8)
2008        Nov 25, In northern Iraq 2 American servicemen were killed when a gunman in an Iraqi army uniform opened fire while they were distributing humanitarian aid.
    (AP, 11/26/08)
2008        Nov 25, It was reported that Ireland plans to impose tough new penalties on beggars for the first time since the Potato Famine 160 years ago.
    (AP, 11/25/08)
2008        Nov 25, In Mexico 7 bodies were dumped before dawn at a school soccer field in the border city of Juarez.
    (AP, 11/26/08)
2008        Nov 25, Nigeria’s state media said the country has signed a $780 million (605 million euros) loan agreement with the World Bank to finance three projects.
    (AFP, 11/25/08)
2008        Nov 25, Pakistan said its Directorate of Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) has shut down a unit that spied on domestic politicians.
    (SFC, 11/26/08, p.A3)
2008        Nov 25, Russian warships arrived in Venezuela in a show of strength aimed at the United States as Moscow seeks to expand its influence in Latin America.
    (AP, 11/25/08)
2008        Nov 25, In eastern Sri Lanka 12 people, including three suspected Tiger rebels, were killed in fresh violence. Heavy fighting raged on three fronts around the northern town of Kilinochchi, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam's (LTTE) political headquarters.
    (AFP, 11/26/08)
2008        Nov 25, In Thailand Bangkok's main international airport halted all flight operations after anti-government protesters stormed the departures area.
    (AFP, 11/25/08)
2008        Nov 25, Indochina Airlines, Vietnam’s first privately owned airline, began operations.
    (www.india-server.com/news/vietnam-launches-indochina-airlines-4811.html)

2009        Nov 25, US federal prosecutors said a young woman from Mexico was smuggled over the border and forced to work as a prostitute for years in Brooklyn, and the remains of an infant were found in concrete at the home where she was held prisoner. NYPD officials discovered the bin a day earlier, with the remains of an infant inside. Domingo Salazar (33) and his wife, Norma Mendez (32), appeared in US District Court in Brooklyn on sex trafficking charges and were being held without bail.
    (AP, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 25, A new report said Wal-Mart Stores Inc's demand for rock-bottom prices from suppliers in China means some of these companies are forcing their employees to work in sweatshop-like conditions.
    (Reuters, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, Toyota said it would fix accelerator pedals on 4.26 million vehicles to prevent them from becoming stuck and leading to unintentional acceleration.
    (AFP, 11/25/09)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.76)
2009        Nov 25, Mullah Omar, the Taliban's reclusive leader, issued a Muslim holiday message calling on Afghans to break off relations with the government, which he described as a 'stooge' administration.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, Officials said flooding from heavy rains has killed 12 people in Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay and forced more than 20,000 to flee their homes. Most of the dead were in southern Brazil, including eight in Rio Grande do Sul.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, Australian Northern Territory officials said some 6,000 feral camels are running wild in the remote outback community of Docker River in search of water, smashing infrastructure and invading the airstrip.
    (AFP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, British PM Gordon Brown says 10 NATO nations are ready to offer about 5,000 more troops for the war in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, The British government said Scotland will be given greater tax-raising powers under the biggest shake-up of the nation's finances for 30 years.
    (Reuters, 2/16/12)
2009        Nov 25, The Canadian dollar rose to a one-week high against the US dollar after the Russian central bank said it was preparing to invest some of its foreign exchange reserves in the Canadian currency.
    (Reuters, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, A court in northern China sentenced five leaders of an unauthorized Protestant church to prison terms of up to 7 years on charges including illegal assembly. Their arrests stemmed from a Sept. 13 raid by police and hired security guards on sunrise services held in a dormitory building by the 50,000-member Linfen Fushan Church in Linfen, northern Shanxi province.
    (AP, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 25, A Chinese health official said eight cases of swine flu mutation have been detected amid longstanding concerns among scientists that the virus could change into a more dangerous form.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, In western Democratic Republic of Congo at least 73 people were killed and others missing after a logging boat sank in Lake Mai Ndombe in Bandundu province.
    (Reuters, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 25, Dubai, whose extravagant building projects have been largely put on hold since the start of the global financial crisis, said it would ask creditors at its flagship firms Dubai World and property developer Nakheel to delay repayment on billions of dollars of debt until May 30, 2010 at the earliest.
    (Reuters, 11/26/09)(Econ, 11/28/09, p.83)
2009        Nov 25, Iranian Pres. Ahmadinejad arrived in Caracas for a meeting with President Hugo Chavez, as the two outspoken anti-US leaders try to boost ties.
    (AFP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, An Iranian cleric said religious authorities have started taking control of schools, part of a wider ideological drive by hard-liners to wage what authorities call a "soft war" against Western influence.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, Iran stopped the yacht, “Kingdom of Bahrain," owned by Sail Bahrain as it sailed from Bahrain to the Gulf city of Dubai. It had been due to join the 360-mile (580km) Dubai-Muscat Offshore Sailing Race, which was to begin Nov. 26. Five British sailors were detained. The 5 sailors were released on Dec 2.
    (AP, 11/30/09)(AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Nov 25, In Iraq a double bombing killed 4 people and injured 25 civilians in Karbala ahead of the 4-day Islamic holiday of Eid al-Adha. 6 others were killed in an overnight raid by insurgents on a home north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/25/09)(SFC, 11/26/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 25, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu proposed a 10-month freeze on West Bank settlement construction in what he says is an attempt to jumpstart Mideast peace talks. The freeze would not include east Jerusalem, the area of the holy city claimed by the Palestinians for a future capital.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, In Mali gunmen kidnapped Pierre Camatte, a French national, in the remote east. The kidnapping was attributed to Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). Camatte was released on Feb 23, 2010.
    (Reuters, 11/26/09)(AFP, 12/1/09)(SFC, 2/24/10, p.A2)
2009        Nov 25, Pakistan charged seven men in last year's Mumbai terror attacks, its first indictments in a case watched closely by India and the United States to see if Islamabad makes good on promises to punish those responsible.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, In Saudi Arabia rare, heavy rainstorms soaked pilgrims and flooded the road into Mecca, snarling Islam's annual hajj as some 2.5 million Muslims headed for the holy sites. The downpours add an extra hazard on top of intense concerns about the spread of swine flu. The torrential rains killed at least 106 people. Most of the deaths occurred in Jiddah, where streets were swamped with water, some houses collapsed and mudslides took place, and in areas around the main highway to Mecca.
    (AP, 11/25/09)(AFP, 11/25/09)(AP, 11/26/09)(AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 25, Voters in St. Vincent and the Grenadines rejected a referendum on whether or not to break their ties with Britain's monarchy, even as Queen Elizabeth II is made a rare visit to the region.
    (AP, 11/25/09)(AP, 11/26/09)
2009        Nov 25, Yves Rossy, a Swiss adventurer, landed in the Atlantic after trying to soar from Morocco to Spain on jet-powered wings.
    (SFC, 11/27/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 25, A United Nations report confirmed that one of Africa's most brutal rebel movements relies on a vast, international network of supporters in at least 25 countries including in the US and Europe who facilitate arms trafficking, money transfers and day-to-day operational support. The findings are a scathing indictment of how little has been done by the international community to cut off logistical support to the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), an ethnic Hutu militia which has wreaked havoc in Congo.
    (AP, 11/25/09)
2009        Nov 25, Zimbabwe's state media said the ailing public health system will receive a 180 million US dollar boost to fight HIV and AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria from the Global Fund.
    (AP, 11/25/09)

2010        Nov 25, US authorities found a sophisticated tunnel used to smuggle drugs between Mexico and San Diego, the second such discovery in the region in less than a month. Investigators seized some 20 tons of marijuana. The 2,200-foot passage ran from a residence in Tijuana to a warehouse in San Diego's Otay Mesa area.
    (AP, 11/25/10)(SFC, 11/27/10, p.A5)
2010        Nov 25, San Francisco based Del Monte said it has agreed to be acquired by a group led by KKR & Co. in a $4 billion deal. KKR, Vestar Capital Partners and Centerview Partners agreed to pay $19 a share in cash and would assume $1.3 billion in net debt.
    (SFC, 11/26/10, p.C1)
2010        Nov 25, The Afghan deputy attorney general said his office has arrested two employees of the nation's electoral commission and two people working in the money transfer business on allegations of fraud in the September parliamentary elections. In eastern Afghanistan 2 insurgent facilitators were arrested on separate operations. NATO captured a Haqqani leader in the eastern Afghan province of Khost.
    (AP, 11/25/10)(AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 25, British PM David Cameron defended a new index aimed at measuring the population's social and environmental wellbeing rather than just its wealth.
    (AFP, 11/25/10)
2010        Nov 25, Bernard Matthews (80), Britain’s largest turkey processor, died. He began in 1950 with an investment in 20 eggs. In 1953 he bought a derelict country house, Great Witchingham Hall, where he and his wife, Joyce, raised turkeys in all but one of the 36 rooms. It is still the company headquarters.
    (AP, 11/26/10)
2010        Nov 25, China’s state media said Shanghai is suffering from its worst November air quality in five years after the local government lifted pollution controls that were in place for the six-month World Expo. China started publishing hourly air-quality information for major cities across the country as the world's top source of greenhouse gas emissions tries to rein in its notorious pollution.
    (AFP, 11/25/10)(AFP, 11/26/10)
2010        Nov 25, Colombian prosecutors issued an arrest warrant for retired Gen. Miguel Maza Marquez (73), a former domestic security chief, who they say participated in the Aug 18, 1989, assassination of presidential candidate Luis Carlos Galan.
    (AP, 11/25/10)
2010        Nov 25, The EU high court ruled that there is no such thing as "pure chocolate," ending an EU-Italy food fight over chocolate labels. It also said the EU's 1999 chocolate labeling rules make no room for a "pure chocolate" reference like the one Italy enacted in a 2003 law.
    (AP, 11/25/10)
2010        Nov 25, European lawmakers voted in favor of an independent, UN-backed investigation into violence in Western Sahara that has left up to 11 people dead in the disputed territory.
    (Reuters, 11/25/10)
2010        Nov 25, India told financial firms to review their exposure to a string of companies whose executives were arrested on suspicion of taking millions of dollars in bribes.
    (AFP, 11/25/10)
2010        Nov 25, Iraq's PM Nouri al-Maliki appealed to the country's warring political factions for unity after formally accepting a request by the president to form the next government, part of a deal to end an eight-month deadlock over who would lead the country the next four years.
    (AP, 11/25/10)
2010        Nov 25, Italian students occupied the Leaning Tower of Pisa and Rome's Colosseum to protest education cuts and university reforms being considered by parliament.
    (AP, 11/25/10)
2010        Nov 25, Macedonia police raided the building housing A1 television, a private channel often critical of PM Gruevski’s government.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.57)(www.youtube.com/watch?v=NP0jAsK9sog)
2010        Nov 25, In Mexico preliminary data was released by the National Institute for Statistics and Geography. It said Mexico had 112.3 million inhabitants as of July, 3.6 million more than experts had projected.
    (AP, 11/25/10)
2010        Nov 25, A court in Nigeria charged an alleged member of Iran's Revolutionary Guards and three Nigerians over a shipment of mortars and rockets seized in the main port of Lagos last month.
    (Reuters, 11/25/10)
2010        Nov 25, Nigeria's anti-corruption police raided the offices of US firm Halliburton and arrested 12 people in a bribery case involving former Halliburton unit KBR Inc. Houston-based engineering firm KBR pleaded guilty last year to US charges that it paid $180 million in bribes between 1994 and 2004 to Nigerian officials to secure $6 billion in contracts for the Bonny Island liquefied natural gas project.
    (Reuters, 11/27/10)
2010        Nov 25, In Pakistan a paramilitary soldier was killed and six others wounded, two of them critically, in a bomb attack on the outskirts of Hangu in the northwest. Pakistan said that most of the explosives used in bomb attacks on its territory were smuggled from Afghanistan but insisted it was limiting the cross-border movement of insurgents fighting US troops.
    (AFP, 11/25/10)
2010        Nov 25, South Africa said it has launched an anti-corruption unit to investigate government officials misusing funds and receiving bribes.
    (AP, 11/25/10) 
2010        Nov 25, South Korea's defense minister resigned amid intense criticism two days after a North Korean artillery attack killed four people on a small island near the Koreas' disputed frontier.
    (AP, 11/25/10)
2010        Nov 25, Zimbabwe's PM Morgan Tsvangirai filed court papers filed saying Pres. Mugabe violated the constitution with his unilateral appointment of 10 provincial governors last month. Tsvangirai said the power-sharing agreement requires the president to consult with the prime minister before making key appointments, and that Mugabe did not.
    (AP, 11/25/10)

2011        Nov 25, In Los Angeles a shopper pepper-sprayed other bargain hunters and robbers in South Carolina and northern California shot at customers to steal their Black Friday purchases, marring the start of the US holiday shopping season.
    (Reuters, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Ohio two bodies were found believed to be related to a Craigslist ad that according to police lured victims to a lethal robbery scheme that already left one person dead. Two people related to the killings were custody. A 3rd body was found in the same area. On Oct 30, 2012, Ohio teenager Brogan Rafferty was convicted of aggravated murder for his role in the plot. Prosecutors said Brogan shot and killed 3 victims after robbing them.
    (SFC, 11/26/11, p.A6)(SSFC, 12/4/11, p.A14)    (SFC, 10/31/12, p.A4)
2011        Nov 25, Felicity Aston (33), a British adventurer, set out on skis from the Ross Ice Shelf in a historic solo attempt to cross Antarctica.
    (SFC, 11/26/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 25, Australia loosened its highly charged policy of mandatory detention for asylum seekers who arrive by boat, freeing 27 from overcrowded, prison-like conditions and estimating more than 100 would be released monthly.
    (AP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, Australia said it will create the world's largest marine reserve in the Coral Sea. The proposal includes seas beyond the already protected Great Barrier Reef Marine Park off northeast Australia.
    (AP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, Britain’s Deputy PM Nick Clegg unveiled a £1 billion youth contract to create hundreds of thousands of work and training placements for jobless youngsters.
    (AFP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, The British government published its new Cyber Security Strategy, setting out how the UK will support economic prosperity, protect national security and safeguard the public’s way of life by building a more trusted and resilient digital environment.
    (www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/news/protecting-and-promoting-uk-digital-world)
2011        Nov 25, A study by Canadian scientists found that South Africa and Zimbabwe suffer the worst economic losses due to doctors emigrating, while Australia, Canada, Britain and the United States benefit the most from recruiting doctors trained abroad.
    (Reuters, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, The Chinese government donated a gift of 23 buses during a ceremony in Macedonia's capital. News of the donation ignited a torrent of criticism. Many asked: How could China make the donation to a foreign country when Chinese schools contend with shoddy transport?
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 25, Egypt's military rulers announced that Kamal el-Ganzouri (78), a prime minister from ousted leader Hosni Mubarak's era, will head the next government. Tens of thousands of demonstrators packed Cairo's Tahrir Square after days of deadly clashes, demanding the military rulers step down and rejecting their choice of new prime minister. The Tahrir protest was countered by a rival demonstration in a square about three km (two miles) away, where more than 10,000 people gathered to show support for the military chanting "Down with Tahrir."
    (AP, 11/25/11)(AFP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Egypt Mona al-Gharib (25), the pregnant wife of Syrian dissident and journalist Thaer al-Nashef, was reportedly abducted in Egypt by Syrian intelligence agents.
    (AP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Egypt masked gunmen blew up a gas pipeline which supplies Egyptian gas to Israel, in the eighth such attack this year.
    (AFP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, Ethiopia said it may contribute troops to the African Union force in Somalia fighting al-Qaida-affiliated insurgents.
    (AP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, A shipment of nuclear waste reprocessed in France crossed into Germany on its way to a controversial storage site near the town of Dannenberg that protesters say is unsafe.
    (AP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, Iceland's interior ministry said it had rejected an application by Huang Nubo's Zhongkun Group to buy 120 square miles (30,639 hectares) of land on the north shore of Iceland for a vast nature retreat in a deal that would have been worth about 1 billion Icelandic kronur ($8.8 million). On Nov 27 Huang said the rejection was indicative of anti-Chinese attitudes in the West.
    (AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Mali gunmen killed a German man in Timbuktu and seized three men from the Netherlands, South Africa and Sweden. Officials the next day ordered a plane to evacuate foreigners from the tourist destination.
    (AP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 25, Mexican activists lodged a war-crimes complaint against President Felipe Calderon at the International Criminal Court, claiming his offensive against drug cartels has involved about 470 cases of human rights violations by the army or police. Defense officials detained Ezequiel "El Junior" Cardenas Rivera (23). Rivera's father was Antonio Ezequiel Cardenas Guillen, Gulf leader until he was killed by federal forces in November 2010.
    (AP, 11/25/11)(AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 25, Moroccans voted for a new parliament in Arab Spring-inspired elections that are facing a boycott by democracy campaigners who say the ruling monarchy isn't committed to real change. Under the new constitution, the largest party must form the government. The moderate Justice and Development Party (PJD) captured 107 seats in the 395-seat assembly.
    (AP, 11/25/11)(AFP, 11/26/11)(AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 25, Three Somali soldiers and a civilian were killed when a roadside bomb the officers picked up to detonate elsewhere exploded inside their vehicle in Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Sri Lanka a storm, high winds and floods left at least 19 people dead along the southern coast. 43 fishermen were missing.
    (AP, 11/25/11)(SFC, 11/26/11, p.A2)(AFP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 25, The Syrian military vowed to "cut every evil hand that targets Syrian blood," saying recent attacks on elite security forces marked a dangerous escalation in the country's 8-month-old crisis. Damascus faced the possibility of sweeping economic sanctions from the Arab League after missing a deadline to allow hundreds of observers into the country. A UN human rights panel expressed alarm at reports it received of security forces in Syria torturing children. Syrian security forces fired outside mosques in Daraa province. At least six people were killed as protesters flooded the streets in support of the Free Syrian Army. At least 10 troops and security service agents were killed in clashes with mutinous soldiers in Deir Ezzor.
    (AP, 11/25/11)(AFP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 25, Vietnam’s PM Nguyen Tan Dung called for new legislation on protests "to ensure people's rights to freedom and democracy under the constitution and law." Vietnam's constitution allows for the right to demonstrate.
    (AFP, 11/26/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Yemen tens of thousands returned to the streets across the country to reject the power-transfer deal and call for Saleh's trial for crimes ranging from corruption to lethal crackdowns on protests. Heavy fighting between government forces and defected military troops shook Sanaa, killing two people. Mohammed Basindawa, a former member of Saleh's ruling party, was chosen to head a national unity government.
    (AP, 11/25/11)(AFP, 11/26/11)

2012        Nov 25, In London the Rolling Stones held the first of 5 concerts to mark the 50th anniversary of their debut.
    (SFC, 11/26/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 25, In China 4 more self-immolations by ethnic
Tibetans were reported over the last two days in Gansu, Sichuan and Qinghai provinces. At least 20 students were hospitalized after a protest turned violent in Qinghai province's Hainan prefectur.
    (AP, 11/27/12)
2012        Nov 25, In India hundreds of gay rights activists marched through New Delhi to demand that they be allowed to lead lives of dignity in the coun try’s deeply conservative society.
    (AP, 11/25/12)
2012        Nov 25, Israel successfully tested its newest missile defense system, a step toward making the third leg of what Israel calls its "multilayer missile defense" operational.
    (AP, 11/25/12)
2012        Nov 25, Italians voted in a primary for a center-left candidate to run in spring general elections that will in large part determine how Italy's tries to fix its troubled finances and emerge from a grinding recession. The race is expected to come down to a faceoff between Pier Luigi Bersani (61), the leader of the main center-left Democratic Party, and challenger Matteo Renzi (37), the mayor of Florence.
    (AP, 11/25/12)
2012        Nov 25, Mexican authorities in Chihuahua state said they have recovered the remains of 19 people in two mass graves. 11 were found 25 mile southeast of Ciudad Juarez and 8 others tossed along a road near Rosales.
    (SFC, 11/26/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 25, In northcentral Nigeria a blast hit a church in military barracks in Jaji town, Kaduna state. The death toll in a twin suicide bombing rose to at least 30.
    (AP, 11/25/12)(AP, 11/26/12)
2012        Nov 25, In northwestern Pakistan a bombing claimed by the Taliban killed at least six people and wounded some 90 others at a Shiite religious procession Dera Ismail Khan, as the minority Muslim sect observes the annual Ashoura holiday.
    (AP, 11/25/12)
2012        Nov 25, Spanish voters in Catalonia choosing lawmakers for parliament amid a threat from Catalan leader Artur Mas to hold an independence referendum that would test the country's unity. Catalonia voters showed that they want the right to decide on possible independence, but split their votes between fractious separatist parties, making that overall goal less likely than ever.
    (AP, 11/25/12)(AP, 11/26/12)
2012        Nov 25, Syrian rebels seized control of the Marj al-Sultan base on the outskirts of Damascus. At least 15 rebels and eight soldiers were killed in the fighting that started a day earlier.
    (AP, 11/25/12)

2013        Nov 25, US national security advisor Susan Rice told Afghan President Hamid Karzai that a delay in signing a troubled security deal risked the US pulling troops out of the country completely next year.
    (AFP, 11/25/13)
2013        Nov 25, Chuck Blazer, a FIFA executive committee member, pleaded guilty to racketeering and other charges. Blazer said he and others had agreed to receive bribes in the votes for the hosts of the 1998 and 2010 World Cups. This became public in a 40-page US federal indictment unveiled on June 3, 2015.
    (SFC, 6/3/15, p.A6)
2013        Nov 25, A federal judge in Arkansas approved a settlement that pays $84.9 million to 5,500 trucking companies that were cheated out of promised rebates by Pilot Flying J, the nation's largest diesel retailer.
    (AP, 11/25/13)
2013        Nov 25, In NYC a statuette of the the bird made for the 1941 film “Maltese Falcon" sold for $4.085 million. It was one of two cast, but the only one confirmed by Warner Bros. archives.
    (SFC, 11/26/13, p.A6)
2013        Nov 25, Chico Hamilton (b.1921), drummer and jazz master, died in NYC. His music included the sound track for Roman Polanski’s film “Repulsion" (1965).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chico_Hamilton)(SFC, 11/27/13, p.E2)
2013        Nov 25, In Washington DC 10 former players filed a federal lawsuit against the National Hockey League over concussions.
    (AFP, 11/25/13)
2013        Nov 25, A sailboat passing through the southern Bahamas islands with about 150 Haitian migrants on board capsized after running aground, killing up to 30 people and leaving the rest clinging to the vessel for hours.
    (AP, 11/27/13)
2013        Nov 25, Egyptian security forces fired tear-gas and dispersed university students who had defied a law passed a day earlier that restricts demonstrations.
    (Reuters, 11/25/13)
2013        Nov 25, The EU expressed strong disapproval of Russian pressure on Ukraine to reject an EU trade deal, while police fired tear gas at pro-Europe protesters in the former Soviet republic.
    (Reuters, 11/25/13)
2013        Nov 25, France offered weapons, training and intelligence cooperation to help Iraq combat worsening violence amid fears the country is on the verge of returning to all-out sectarian bloodshed.
    (AFP, 11/25/13)
2013        Nov 25, Leftist Honduran presidential candidate Xiomara Castro refused to accept partial official results that show her conservative rival on course to win elections, setting the stage for a drawn-out conflict.
    (Reuters, 11/25/13)
2013        Nov 25, In Iraq a double bombing at a market and other attacks killed at least 27 in and around Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/25/13)(SFC, 11/26/13, p.A4)
2013        Nov 25, Israel approved plans to build more than 800 settler homes on occupied land, in a move Palestinians said was aimed at venting Israeli anger toward a historic deal Western powers have struck with Iran over its nuclear program.
    (Reuters, 11/25/13)
2013        Nov 25, Libyan troops struggling to establish control across the country clashed with militants in the eastern city of Benghazi and at least 9 people were killed in the fighting.
    (Reuters, 11/25/13)
2013        Nov 25, The Pakistani military deployed its first fleet of domestically developed drones, as police cracked down on a protest by demonstrators angry at the US for using similar aircraft to attack Islamic militants in the country.
    (AP, 11/25/13)
2013        Nov 25, Two Sudanese health ministry workers helping to vaccinate children in the Darfur region were killed. They were part of a team inoculating vulnerable children against measles in West Darfur state.
    (AFP, 11/29/13)
2013        Nov 25, Thailand PM Yingluck Shinawatra invoked an emergency security law in large parts of Bangkok and surrounding areas to cope with escalating protests against her government. Anti-government protesters forced their way inside the Finance Ministry and burst through the gates of the Foreign Ministry compound, in an escalating bid to overthrow PM Yingluck Shinawatra.
    (AP, 11/25/13)(Reuters, 11/25/13)
2013        Nov 25, Ugandan police lobbed tear gas to disperse protesters angered by the ouster of Kampala mayor Erias Lukwago, who is a fierce critic of longtime President Yoweri Museveni.
    (AP, 11/25/13)
2013        Nov 25, The UN said Syria's government and opposition will hold their first peace talks on Jan. 22 in Geneva, in an attempt to halt the nearly 3-year-old civil war that has killed more than 100,000 people.
    (AP, 11/25/13)

2014        Nov 25, The US FDA announced long-delayed calorie labeling rules, requiring establishment that sell prepared foods and have 20 or more location to post calorie content on the menus and displays. Compliance for most companies was due to November, 2015.
    (SFC, 11/26/14, p.A6)
2014        Nov 25, A US federal judge struck down an Arkansas voter-approved gay marriage ban, but put the order on hold to allow the state to consider and appeal.
    (SFC, 11/26/14, p.A6)
2014        Nov 25, In NYC the Lion costume from 1939 film “The Wizard of Oz" and the piano from the 1942 film “Casablanca" were each sold at auction for over $3 million.
    (SFC, 11/26/14, p.A6)
2014        Nov 25, In Afghanistan two explosions shook Kabul, leaving seven army officers wounded after a bomb attack on their bus, while a grenade blast in the diplomatic quarter caused no casualties but led to the arrest of a suspect.
    (Reuters, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 25, In Belarus Alexander Alesin, a military analyst for a well-known weekly newspaper, went missing since when he was reportedly snatched in a cafe in Minsk by unknown men. On Dec 8 police admitted holding him in jail.
    (AP, 12/8/14)
2014        Nov 25, Benin’s country's health minister said 9 people have died from Lassa fever, a viral disease common in West Africa with symptoms similar to Ebola. Lassa fever is in the same virus family as Ebola.
    (AP, 11/26/14)
2014        Nov 25, In Brazil a court ordered Rio de Janeiro state to pay for psychological treatments and provide monthly stipends for the widow and children of Brazilian laborer Amarildo de Souza, who was killed in police custody last year. In Rio de Janeiro one police officer was killed and another injured in a drive-by shooting during a routine patrol.
    (AP, 11/26/14)
2014        Nov 25, Bulgarian police raided a mosque in the town of Pazardzhik and detained Ahmed Mussa Ahmed, a Roma Muslim religious leader suspected of spreading propaganda for the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 25, A Cameroonian army operation freed 16 hostages, including Polish Catholic priest Mateusz Dziedzic, who were abducted by rebels from Central African Republic last month.
    (Reuters, 11/26/14)
2014        Nov 25, In China an office of the State Council released a draft of the country’s first anti-domestic violence law.
    (Econ, 12/6/14, p.47)
2014        Nov 25, Colombia's FARC rebels freed two captured soldiers partially meeting a condition to resume peace talks that the government has suspended until the guerrillas release hostages seized over the last two weeks, including an army general.
    (Reuters, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 25, In Egypt an apartment building in Cairo collapsed, killing at least 17 people as rescuers and neighbors frantically dug through rubble with their hands to find survivors. Neighbors said the seven-story building had several floors illegally added onto it.
    (AP, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 25, France suspended the delivery of a warship to Russia, after months of speculation about what would be the biggest arms sale ever by a NATO country to the Kremlin.
    (AP, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 25, Pope Francis spoke before delegates of the EU Council in Strasbourg, France. He warned them that Europe had become too fearful and self-absorbed urged them to focus on poverty, immigration and joblessness.
    (SFC, 11/26/14, p.A2)
2014        Nov 25, Hong Kong authorities attempted to clear a 2-month-old pro-democracy protest camp in Mong Kok district. Hundreds more protesters flooded the crowded neighborhood. 80 people were arrested.
    (AP, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 25, In Iraq Islamic State insurgents battled Iraqi forces in the center of Baiji, a week after the army broke their prolonged siege of the country's largest oil refinery just outside the town.
    (Reuters, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 25, Japanese police arrested four South Korean men at a harbor where ferries depart for Busan on suspicion of stealing an ancient Buddha statue. A 5th man was arrested the next day. The stolen "Birth of Buddha" statue dates to sometime between the 9th and 11th centuries.
    (AP, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 25, Thousands of Kashmiris cast votes in state elections despite a boycott call by Muslim separatist groups that reject India's sovereignty over the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 25, Kenyan police used teargas to disperse demonstrators shouting "President, Stop the killings!" outside President Uhuru Kenyatta's offices, in a protest over 28 people killed in a weekend attack claimed by Islamist militants.
    (Reuters, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 25, Liberia’s President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf toured a new Chinese-built 100-bed treatment center for Ebola just outside Monrovia. It was exptected to begin receiving patientws nexdt week.
    (AP, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 25, Libyan security officials said warplanes have again bombed the Matiga military air base that until a day earlier was Tripoli's only functioning airport.
    (AP, 11/25/14)   
2014        Nov 25, In northern Mali the convoy of a visiting cabinet minister struck a roadside bomb, killing 2 soldiers and wounding four others.
    (AP, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 25, Nepal signed an agreement for an Indian company to build a $1 billion hydroelectric plant to boost supplies in the energy-starved Himalayan nation and export power to India.
    (AP, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 25, In Nigeria 2 teenage female suicide bombers blew themselves up in a crowded market in the northeastern city of Maiduguri, killing at least 44 people.
    (AP, 11/25/14)(Reuters, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 25, Pakistani fighter jets reportedly killed 20 militants in the North Waziristan tribal region. The military said it has cleared 90 percent of North Waziristan and that the militants are currently on the run.
    (AP, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 25, In Puerto Rico robbers approached Edwin Roman Acevedo (36), an off-duty police officer, outside a pharmacy in Trujillo Alto and announced they were holding him up. Roman used his department-issued gun to defend himself, but was shot three times and died.
    (AP, 11/26/14)
2014        Nov 25, Syrian warplanes conducted a series of airstrikes on the northeastern city of Raqqa, killing at least 95 people. Some of the airstrikes hit a popular market near a museum and an industrial neighborhood, causing many civilian casualties.
    (AP, 11/25/14)(AP, 11/26/14)
2014        Nov 25, A Turkish court banned media from reporting on a parliamentary investigation into corruption allegations against four ex-ministers, a move the opposition says amounts to protecting thieves.
    (Reuters, 11/26/14)
2014        Nov 25, In the United Arab Emirates Osama al-Najjar, the son of a jailed activist, was himself sentenced to prison and fined after being convicted over messages sent on social media and of joining an illegal group. His father, Hussain al-Najjar, was one of 69 people convicted last year of plotting to overthrow the government.
    (AP, 11/25/14)
2014        Nov 25, Yemeni security forces freed six Yemeni hostages and two foreigners in a raid in which 7 al Qaeda kidnappers were also killed. US special operations forces took part in a rescue mission in Hadramawt province.
    (AP, 11/25/14)(AP, 11/26/14)

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