Today in History - November 27

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43BC        Nov 27, Octavian, Antony and Lepidus formed the triumvirate of Rome.
    (HN, 11/27/98)

511        Nov 27, Clovis (45), king of the Franks, died and his kingdom was divided between his four sons. [see Nov 11]
    (HN, 11/27/98)(MC, 11/27/01)

1095        Nov 27, In Clermont, France, Pope Urbana II made an appeal for warriors to relieve Jerusalem. He was responding to false rumors of atrocities in the Holy Land. Pope Urban II called for a Christian army to defeat the Turks and recapture the Holy Sepulchre from the Muslims. The first Crusade sparked a renewal of trade between Europe and Asia.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.109)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R49)(HN, 11/27/99)

1382        Nov 27, The French nobility, led by Olivier de Clisson, crushed the Flemish rebels at Flanders.
    (HN, 11/27/98)

1474        Nov 27, Guillaume Dufay (b.1399), French-Flemish composer, died. His work included “Ecclesiae militantis," a 5-part motet on Pope Eugenius IV’s short-lived supremacy over the Eastern Orthodox Church.
    (WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A15)(MC, 11/27/01)

1495        Nov 27, Scottish king James IV received Perkin Warbeck (21), a pretender to the English throne. James gave Warbeck, a Walloon, Lady Catherine Gordon in marriage.
    (MC, 11/27/01)(PCh, 1992, p.160)

1544        Nov 27, Ascanio Trombeti, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1582        Nov 27, William Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1680        Nov 27, Athanasius Kircher, German Jesuit and inventor of a lantern, died.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1701        Nov 27, Anders Celsius (d.1744), Swedish astronomer who devised the centigrade temperature scale, was born in Uppsala.
    (WUD, 1994, p.238)(AP, 11/27/06)

1741        Nov 27, Jean-Pierre Duport, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1749        Nov 27, Balthasar Schmid (44), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/27/01)
1749        Nov 27, Gottfried Heinrich Stolzel (59), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1750        Nov 27, Anton Thadaus Johann Nepomuk Stamitz, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1778        Nov 27, John Murray, publisher, was born.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1798        Nov 27, Rabbi Shneur Zalman (1745-1812) of Liadi, a Hasidic leader, was released from prison in St. Petersburg. He had been arrested on charges of treason, laid by Jews who opposed the nascent movement of Hasidism. He was the founder and first Rebbe of Chabad, a branch of Hasidic Judaism.
    (Econ, 7/28/12, SR p.6)(http://tinyurl.com/8sqmk9w)

1804        Nov 27, Pres. Jefferson issued a nationwide proclamation to military and public officials warning of a conspiracy to attack Spanish territory in Texas. He had opened negotiations with Spain to purchase Texas territory west of New Orleans. Jefferson had heard rumors that Aaron Burr had begun plotting an invasion of Texas. Jefferson ordered Gen. James Wilkinson to move federal troops into defensive positions between the Sabine River and New Orleans. Wilkinson, unbeknownst to Jefferson, was a close confidant of Burr and also worked as a spy in the employ of Spanish officials in Mexico.
    (ON, 12/08, p6)

1809        Nov 27, Frances Anne "Fanny" Kemble (d.1893), Shakespearian actress, writer and anti-slavery activist, was born in London, England.  Her work included "Journal of a Residence on a Georgia Plantation.
    (WSJ, 9/21/00, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fanny_Kemble)

1812        Nov 27, One of the two bridges being used by Napoleon Bonaparte's army across the Beresina River in Russia collapsed during a Russian artillery barrage.
    (HN, 11/27/99)

1815        Nov 27, Cracow, Poland, declared itself a free republic.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1817        Nov 27, US soldiers attacked a Florida Indian village and began the Seminole War. [see Nov 20]
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1826        Nov 27, Jedediah Smith’s expedition reached San Diego, becoming the first Americans to cross the south-western part of the continent. He crossed the Mohave Desert and the San Bernadino Mountains from Utah.
    (HN, 11/27/98)(SFEC, 12/5/99, p.T5)

1836        Nov 27, Carle [Antoine CH] Vernet, French painter and lithographer, died.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1839        Nov 27, The American Statistical Association was founded in Boston.
    (AP, 11/27/97)

1843        Nov 27, Balfe's opera "Bohemian Girl" was produced in London.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1852        Nov 27, Ada Lovelace (b.1815), Lord Byron’s daughter and the inventor of computer language, was bled to death by physicians at age 36. She had helped Charles Babbage develop his “Analytical Engine," that performed mathematical calculations through the use of punched cards. Her last years were spent in a netherworld of addiction, gambling and adultery and she died of cancer. In 2001 Benjamin Wooley authored her biography: “The Bride of Science."
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.D7)(SFC, 4/30/98, p.E1)(WSJ, 1/19/00, p.W9)

1862        Nov 27, George Armstrong Custer met his future bride, Elizabeth Bacon, at a Thanksgiving party.
    (HN, 11/27/98)

1863        Nov 27, Battle of Payne's Farm, Va.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1864        Nov 27, 2nd day of Battles at Waynesboro, Georgia.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1868        Nov 27, Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer’s 7th Cavalry killed Chief Black Kettle (b.1801) and about 100 Cheyenne (mostly women and children) on the Washita River near present day Cheyenne, Oklahoma.
    (www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/a_c/blackkettle.htm)

1870        Nov 27, Joe Mack was born. He became a builder of gasoline-powered delivery wagons, which eventually evolved into the Mack Truck Company.
    (HN, 11/27/00)

1871        Nov 27, Ku Klux Klan trials began in Federal District Court in Columbia, SC.
    (AH, 6/03, p.32)

1874        Nov 27, Charles A. Beard, distinguished American historian who wrote “History of the United States," was born.
    (HN, 11/27/98)
1874        Nov 27, Chaim Weizmann was born (d.1852). He was an Israeli chemist and Zionist leader and the first President of Israel from 1948-1952.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.42)(WUD, 1994, p.1619)

1879        Nov 27, Virgil Earp became a Deputy U.S. Marshall.
    (MesWP)
1879        Nov 27, Adam Tadeusz Wieniawski, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1887        Nov 27, U.S. Deputy Marshall Frank Dalton, brother of the three famous outlaws, was killed in the line of duty near Fort Smith, Ark.
    (HN, 11/27/98)

1889        Nov 27, 1st permit issued to drive a car through Central Park, NYC, was issued to Curtis P. Brady.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1895        Nov 27, Alfred Nobel, explosives magnate, signed his last will and testament at the Swedish-Norwegian Club in Paris, setting aside his estate to establish the Nobel Prize after his death (see Dec 10, 1896). He named Ragnar Sohlman (25), his favorite lab assistant, as his executor and Rudolf Lilljequist as co-executor.
    (http://nobelprize.org/alfred_nobel/will/will-full.html)(ON, 4/07, p.6)

1896        Nov 27, Richard Strauss' "Also Sprach Zarathustra" (Thus Spake Zarathustra) debuted in Frankfurt.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1898        Nov 27, The SS Portland, under Capt. Hollis H. Blanchard, sank overnight in the Portland Gale off New England and all 192 people aboard were killed. In 2002 John Rousmaniere authored “After the Storm: True Stories of Disaster and Recovery at Sea."
    (AH, 6/02, p.55)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portland_Gale)

1901        Nov 27, The Army War College was established in Washington, D.C.
    (AP, 11/27/97)

1904        Nov 27, A German colonial army defeated Hottentots at Warmbad in Southwest Africa (later Namibia).
    (HN, 11/27/98)

1907        Nov 27, Lyon Sprague de Camp (d.2000), US sci-fi author (Goblin Tower, Hand of Zei), was born.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1909        Nov 27, James Agee, Pulitzer Prize-winning author, was born. His work included “A Death in the Family."
    (HN, 11/27/00)
1909        Nov 27, U.S. troops land in Bluefields, Nicaragua, to protect American interests there.
    (HN, 11/27/99)

1910        Nov 27, In NYC the Pennsylvania Railroad began service at Pennsylvania Station. It was begun under the direction of PRR president Alexander J. Cassatt (d.1906) and designed by the architectural firm of McKim, Mead and White. In 2007 Jill Jonnes authored “Conquering Gotham: A Gilded Age Epic: The Construction of Penn Station and its Tunnels." Penn Station was demolished in 1963.
    (AP, 11/27/06)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.95)(SSFC, 7/8/07, p.M2)
1910        Nov 27, Rudolf Holzmann, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1911        Nov 27, Audience threw over-ripe vegetables at actors for the 1st recorded time in US.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1912        Nov 27, David Merrick, [Margulois], Broadway producer (Hello Dolly), was born in Hong Kong.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1919        Nov 27, Bulgaria signed peace treaty with Allies at Neuilly, France, fixing war reparations and recognizing Yugoslavian independence.
    (HN, 11/27/98)

1921        Nov 27, Alexander Dubcek (d.1992), headed Czech Communist Party (1968-69), was born.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1922        Nov 27, Allied delegates barred Soviets from Near East peace conference.
    (HN, 11/27/98)

1924        Nov 27, In San Francisco the first Turkey Bowl high school football championship was played at the new Kezar Stadium.
    (SSFC, 6/28/15, p.D3)
1924        Nov 27, The 1st Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade was held in New York's Herald Square.
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, p.C12)(http://tinyurl.com/q5s5nzl)

1926        Nov 27, Restoration of Williamsburg, Virginia, began.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1932        Nov 27, Benigno Aquino Jr. (d.1983), Philippine opposition leader; was born.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1934        Nov 27, "Baby Face" Nelson (26), [Lester Gillis], gangster, shot by FBI.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1934)(MC, 11/27/01)
1934        Nov 27, In Bolivia President Salamanca was suddenly deposed by the Bolivian military.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_Luis_Tejada_Sorzano)

1936        Nov 27, Great Britain’s Anthony Eden warned Hitler that Britain would fight to protect Belgium.
    (HN, 11/27/98)

1939        Nov 27, The play "Key Largo," by Maxwell Anderson, opened at the Ethel Barrymore Theater in New York. James Gregory made his Broadway debut.
    (AP, 11/27/97)(SFC, 9/19/02, p.A24)

1940        Nov 27, Bruce Lee, [Lee Yuen Kam], karate star and actor (Green Hornet), was born in SF, Calif.
    (MC, 11/27/01)
1940        Nov 27, Astonescu's Iron Guard massacred over sixty aides of the exiled king, including Nicolae Iorga, a former minister and acclaimed historian. Two months prior General Ion Antonescu seized power in Romania and forced King Carol II to abdicate.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1941        Nov 27, Jefferson seceded from Oregon and California. Jefferson was the winning name for a new state made of California’s northern Siskiyou, Del Norte and Trinity counties along with Oregon’s southern Curray County. California’s Gov. Culbert L. Olson was soon informed that until roads were repaired, Jefferson would be forced to rebel every Thursday. In 2008 calls for a Jefferson state gained steam and included an additional 5 counties in southern Oregon and 2 more in northern California.
    (AH, 2/05, p.21)(SSFC, 10/5/08, p.A11)
1941        Nov 27, British 13th Army corp. reached Tobruk, North Africa.
    (MC, 11/27/01)
1941        Nov 27, USSR began a counter offensive, causing Germans to retreat.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1942        Nov 27, Jimi Hendrix, rock musician famous for “All Along the Watch Tower" and “Foxy Lady," was born in Seattle, Wa.
    (HN, 11/27/98)(SFC, 11/28/02, p.E13)
1942        Nov 27, During World War II, the French navy at Toulon scuttled its ships and submarines to keep them out of the hands of the Nazis.
    (AP, 11/27/97)

1945        Nov 27, Gen. George C. Marshall was named special U.S. envoy to China to try to end hostilities between the Nationalists and the Communists.
    (AP, 11/27/99)
1945        Nov 27, Argentina declared war on Axis.
    (HN, 11/27/98)

1950        Nov 27, East of the Chosin River, Chinese forces annihilated an American task force. Col. Barber (d.2002 at 82) and 220 soldiers in Fox Company withstood a 5-day assault to protect an escape pass.
    (HN, 11/27/98)(SFC, 4/23/02, p.A18)

1951        Nov 27, 1st rocket to intercept an airplane was fired at White Sands, NM.
    (MC, 11/27/01)
1951        Nov 27, Cease-fire and demarcation zone accord was signed in Panmunjom, Korea.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1953        Nov 27, Playwright Eugene O’Neill died in Boston at age 65. Prof. John H. Raleigh (d.2001 at 81) later authored “The Plays of Eugene O’Neill."
    (AP, 11/27/97)(SFC, 1/11/02, p.A20)

1954        Nov 27, Alger Hiss, convicted of being a Soviet spy, was freed after 44 months in prison.
    (HN, 11/27/98)

1957        Nov 27, Caroline Kennedy-Schlossberg, attorney, JFK & Jackie's daughter, was born.
    (MC, 11/27/01)
1957        Nov 27, Army withdrew from Little Rock, Ark., after Central HS integration.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1958        Nov 27, Artur Rodzinski (66), Polish conductor and composer, died.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1959        Nov 27, Gerard Philipe (36), actor and director (La Ronde, Gambler), died of cancer.
    (MC, 11/27/01)
1959        Nov 27, Demonstrators marched in Tokyo to protest a defense treaty with the US.
    (HN, 11/27/98)

1960        Nov 27, CBS radio cancelled "Have Gun Will Travel."
    (MC, 11/27/01)
1960        Nov 27, Patrice Lumumba fled Leopoldville, Congo.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1965        Nov 27, 15-25,000 demonstrated in Wash DC against the war in Vietnam.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1967        Nov 27, The Beatles' "Magical Mystery Tour," album was released in Britain.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magical_Mystery_Tour_(album))
1967        Nov 27, Lyndon Johnson appointed Robert McNamara to the presidency of the World Bank. McNamara served 2 terms from 1968-1981.
    (HN, 11/27/98)(SFC, 9/28/99, p.C16)
1967        Nov 27, Charles DeGaulle vetoed Britain’s entry into the Common Market again.
    (HN, 11/27/98)
1967        Nov 27, Ettore Panizza (92), opera conductor, died.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1970        Nov 27, Syria joined a pact linking Libya, Egypt and Sudan.
    (HN, 11/27/98)
1970        Nov 27, Pope Paul VI, visiting the Philippines, was slightly wounded at the Manila airport by Benjamin Mendoza, a dagger-wielding Bolivian painter disguised as a priest.
    (AP, 11/27/02)

1971        Nov 27, Eric Menendez, accused with his brother of killing their parents (1989), was born in New Jersey.
    (www.biography.com/notorious/crimefiles.do?catId=259455&action=view&profileId=259645)

1972        Nov 27, In Canada Marc Lalonde was appointed as the Minister of Health as Pierre Trudeau formed his Canadian government.
    (www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/est-pre/20052006/HLTH-SANT/HLTH-SANTr56-PR_e.asp?printable=True)

1973        Nov 27, Neil Simon's "Good Doctor," premiered in NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Good_Doctor_(play))
1973        Nov 27, The Senate voted 92-3 to confirm Gerald R. Ford as vice president, succeeding Spiro T. Agnew, who'd resigned.
    (AP, 11/27/97)

1978        Nov 27, San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and Supv. Harvey Milk, a gay-rights activist, were gunned down inside City Hall by former supervisor Dan White. White used 4 bullets on Moscone and turned himself in at the city’s Northern Police station and made a 24-minute taped confession. Moscone became the 3rd US mayor to die in a political killing. Diane Feinstein automatically became acting mayor of SF. She was then elected by the board members to serve out Moscone’s term.
    (SFC, 9/13/96, p.E2)(SFC, 7/29/97, p.A8)(AP, 11/27/97)(SFC, 11/26/98, p.A19)(SFC, 11/28/03, p.E2)(SFC, 5/14/04, p.F5)

1981        Nov 27, Lotte Lenya (b.1898), Vienna-born singer, actress, wife of Kurt Weill (Three Penny Opera, From Russia With Love), died of cancer in NY.
    (www.kwf.org/pages/ll/llbio.html)

1983        Nov 27, In Spain 181 people were killed when a Colombian Avianca Airlines Boeing 747 crashed near Madrid's Barajas airport.
    (AP, 11/27/07)

1985        Nov 27, The British House of Commons approved the Anglo-Irish accord giving Dublin a consultative role in the governing of British-ruled Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 11/27/97)
1985        Nov 27, Fernand Braudel (b.1902), French historian, died. Braudel has been considered one of the greatest of the modern historians who have emphasized the role of large-scale socioeconomic factors in the making and writing of history.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernand_Braudel)
1985        Nov 27, In Haiti 3 students were slain by security forces in Gonaives in the first of several bloody confrontations with anti-government demonstrators.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

1987        Nov 27, French hostages Jean-Louis Normandin and Roger Auque were freed by their pro-Iranian captors in west Beirut, Lebanon.
    (AP, 11/27/97)

1988        Nov 27, The United States was hit by a flood of worldwide criticism for its refusal a day earlier to allow PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat to address the United Nations.
    (AP, 11/27/98)
1988        Nov 27, Actor John Carradine, known for his roles in horror films, died in Milan, Italy, at age 82.
    (AP, 11/27/98)

1989        Nov 27, A bomb, blamed by police on drug traffickers, destroyed a Colombian jetliner minutes after takeoff from Bogota's international airport. 107 people were killed.
    (AP, 11/27/99)

1990        Nov 27, Britain's conservatives chose John Major to succeed Margaret Thatcher.
    (http://tinyurl.com/jhpbu)
1990        Nov 27, In Switzerland the canton Appenzell Rhodes-Interieur was required to count women’s votes by a decision of the Swiss Federal Tribunal. It was the last Swiss state to finally give women the right to vote.
    (Hem., 2/97, p.26)

1991        Nov 27, Israel signaled its anger with what it regarded as the high-handedness of the United States by rejecting an invitation to attend Mideast peace talks in Washington on Dec. 4.
    (AP, 11/27/01)
1991        Nov 27, The U.N. Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution paving the way for the establishment of a U.N. peacekeeping operation in war-ravaged Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 11/27/01)

1992        Nov 27, President-elect Clinton met for more than an hour with former President Reagan in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 11/27/97)
1992        Nov 27, In Austria part of the Vienna Hofburg (Imperial Palace) was destroyed by fire.
    (http://tinyurl.com/93qvm)
1992        Nov 27, In Venezuela some 15,000 rebel forces under Lt. Col. Hugo Chavez tried but failed to overthrow President Carlos Andres Perez for the second time in 10 months. The coup left dozens dead and Chavez was jailed for 2 years and then pardoned by Pres. Rafael Caldera. Chavez was elected president Dec 6, 1998.
    (AP, 11/27/97)(WSJ, 4/27/98, p.A16)(SFC, 12/7/98, p.A9)

1993        Nov 27, In his weekly radio address, President Clinton said enacting comprehensive anti-crime legislation was the first priority for 1994, saying, "We have to be concerned that in both our cities and our rural areas, the value of life has been cheapened."
    (AP, 11/27/98)

1994        Nov 27, US Defense Secretary William Perry, appearing on NBC's "Meet the Press," suggested the Bosnian government had lost the war in the Balkans, and acknowledged NATO was powerless to stop the Serbs.
    (AP, 11/27/04)

1995        Nov 27, President Clinton presented his case for sending 20,000 U.S. troops on a peacekeeping mission to Bosnia, saying in a prime-time address that "in the choice between peace and war, America must choose peace."
    (AP, 11/27/05)
1995        Nov 27, US House Speaker Newt Gingrich ruled out a 1996 presidential run.
    (AP, 11/27/05)

1996        Nov 27, A federal judge blocked enforcement of a California initiative to dismantle affirmative action, saying civil rights groups had a "strong probability" of proving it unconstitutional.
    (AP, 11/27/97)
1996        Nov 27, Evan C. Hunziker, an American jailed by North Korea on spy charges, was set free, ending a three-month ordeal.
    (AP, 11/27/97)
1996        Nov 27, In Bosnia Gen’l. Ratko Mladic agreed to resign. He passed authority to his deputy Gen’l. Manojlo Milovanovich.
    (SFC, 11/28/96, p.B7)
1996        Nov 27, A Russian military cargo plane, an Ilyushin-76, crashed in central Siberia and 23 were killed.
    (SFC, 11/29/96, p.B6)
1996        Nov 27, Turkish troops killed 27 Kurdish rebels and lost 6 soldiers in fighting over the past 2 days.
    (SFC, 11/28/96, p.B6)

1997        Nov 27, Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York was marred when a wind gust knocked part of a lamppost onto a 34-year-old woman, fracturing her skull and leaving her in a coma for almost a month.
    (AP, 11/27/98)
1997        Nov 27, In Denver five skinheads beat up a 26-year-old black woman who was shopping at a 7-Eleven. All 5 were captured and arraigned in court.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 27, Thomas Wheelock, wanted for murder and robbery in the Bay Area, was arrested in Utah. $30,000 was found in his car along with 2 handguns.
    (SFC, 11/28/97, p.A1)(SFC, 11/29/97, p.A10)
1997        Nov 27, Gold closed below $300 for the first time since 1985 to $296.
    (WSJ, 11/28/97, p.C1)
1997        Nov 27, In Columbia as many as 14 peasants were killed in Dabeiba in Antioquia Province. A 50-member paramilitary group raided the hamlets of Balsita, Buenavista and Toconal and riddled the victims with bullets and set fire to their homes.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)
1997        Nov 27, A day after saying it would open its presidential palaces to international observers, Iraq declared that U.N. weapons monitors were not included in the invitation.
    (AP, 11/27/98)

1998        Nov 27, Answering 81 questions put to him three weeks earlier, President Clinton wrote the House Judiciary Committee that his testimony in the Monica Lewinsky affair was "not false and misleading."
    (AP, 11/27/99)
1998        Nov 27, Exxon Corp. and Mobil Corp. confirmed that they were holding merger talks. The value of the combined company was estimated at $180 billion.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 27, Shoppers on Black Friday crowded shopping centers and the new Furby toys, a furry talking toy, was creating a mania. Black Friday was used to describe the big shopping day following Thanksgiving that put stores into the black.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 27, In Texas Martin E. Gurule became the first inmate to escape from Death Row at Huntsville. He was convicted for a double murder in 1992. He was found drowned to death on Dec 3.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A1,8)(SFC, 12/4/98, p.A3)
1998        Nov 27, Mark McLaughlin (44), a Seattle, Wa., bus driver, was shot and killed while driving his bus across the Aurora Ave. Bridge over Lake Union. A passenger responsible for the shooting was also killed when the bus crashed. 29 passengers were injured. The bus fell 50 feet from the expressway where 3 people died. The killer, Silas Cool, committed suicide. In 1999 the event was described by Ann Rule in her book "A Rage to Kill."
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/30/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 27, A boat of illegal immigrants from Albania sank off the coast of Italy and at least 3 people were killed including a 1-year-old child. 4 people were missing from the boat that carried 17.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A10)
1998        Nov 27, Brazilian police reported that a small cult of the United Pentecostal Church in Acre state had killed 6 people over the last 2 weeks, including 3 children, to “wipe out the enemies of God." Pastor Francisco Bezerra de Moraes was one of 6 people arrested for the killings.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A15)
1998        Nov 27, In Germany Chancellor Schroeder said he would not seek extradition of Abdullah Ocalan from Italy and called for an int’l. court to try Ocalan on murder and terrorism charges.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A10)
1998        Nov 27, The World Heritage bureau of UNESCO began a meeting in Kyoto, Japan.
    (SFC, 11/27/98, p.A16)
1998        Nov 27, From the Vatican Pope John Paul issued a papal bull, “Incarnationis Mysterium" (The Mystery of the Incarnation) that proclaimed 2000 a special Holy Year. Special indulgences were offered for making pilgrimages, doing good deeds or fasting.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A10)

1999        Nov 27, In Chechnya residents reported 260 civilian deaths in Grozny since the beginning of Russian assaults 2 days earlier.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A19)
1999        Nov 27, In Iran Muslim reform cleric Abdollah Nouri was sentenced to 5 years in jail and 5 years banishment from political activity due to his demands for an end to authoritarian rule by the religious hierarchy. His Khordad newspaper was also ordered closed.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A21)
1999        Nov 27, In New Zealand Helen Clark, candidate for the Labor Party, claimed victory in general elections.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A21)
1999        Nov 27, In Northern Ireland the Ulster Unionist Party approved its leader-centering government with rivals from Sinn Fein. The Ulster Unionists cleared the way for the speedy formation of an unprecedented Protestant-Catholic administration.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A1)(AP, 11/27/04)
1999        Nov 27, In the Philippines the 10-nation ASEAN summit opened.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A10)
1999        Nov 27, In Vanuatu a tsunami generated by a 7.1 earthquake killed 8 people on Pentecost Island. 2 people were missing and thousands feared injured and homeless. The quake was centered 54 miles north of the capital Port Vila.
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.A15)(SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 27, Yemeni military sources reported that 2 Yemeni soldiers had been killed over the last few days in border clashes with Saudi Arabia.
    (SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A26)

2000        Nov 27, Al Gore filed legal challenges to the Florida vote certification.
    (SFC, 11/28/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 27, The Muslim holiday of Ramadan began.
    (SFC, 11/28/00, p.A2)
2000        Nov 27, In London, England, Damilola Taylor (10), a Nigerian immigrant, bled to death on a stairwell after being stabbed by members of The Young Peckham Boys. In 2001 murder charges were sought against 4 boys (14-16). In 2006 two brothers were acquitted of assault with intent to rob. On Aug 9, 2006, Danny Preddie (18) and Ricky Preddie (19) from Peckham, south London, were convicted of the manslaughter of Taylor. The 2 teenage brothers were sentenced to eight years in youth custody.
    (AP, 4/4/06)(Reuters, 8/9/06)(AFP, 10/9/06)
2000        Nov 27, In Canada Prime Minister Jean Chretien (66) led the Liberal Party to a 3rd consecutive majority government in parliamentary elections with 41% of the popular vote and increased their seats in parliament to 173 of 301. The 63% turnout was a record low.
    (SFC, 11/28/00, p.A16)(SFC, 11/29/00, p.A16)(WSJ, 11/29/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 27, In Sri Lanka the Tamil Tiger rebels called for unconditional peace talks along with a cease-fire.
    (SFC, 11/28/00, p.A18)(WSJ, 11/28/00, p.A1)

2001        Nov 27, In Afghanistan the Northern Alliance declared the Taliban prisoner uprising at Qala Jangi crushed after 50 hours.
    (SFC, 11/28/01, p.A11)
2001        Nov 27, Afghan factions met in Bonn, Germany, and agreed to give former King Mohammad Zahir Shah a role in a new Afghan government. 4 factions included 11 delegates from the Northern Alliance, 11 from the Rome Group, 3 from exiles in Cyprus, and 3 from exiles in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 11/28/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 27, Muslim holy warriors in Indonesia began a 3 day offensive and seized 5 villages. At least 5 Christians were killed.  Muslim militants drove away security forces in central Sulawesi and there were at least 8 confirmed deaths.
    (SFC, 12/8/01, p.A6)(SFC, 12/14/01, p.E1)
2001        Nov 27, Two Israelis were killed in Afula by 2 Palestinian gunmen, who were killed by police. Another Palestinian gunman killed an Israeli woman near a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip and he was killed by Israeli soldiers.
    (SFC, 11/28/01, p.A4)
2001        Nov 27, In Mexico the Nat’l. Human Rights Commission issued a 3,000 page report that acknowledged at least 275 leftists disappeared while in government hands during the 1970s. The names of 74 officials implicated in the forced disappearances were not made public.
    (SFC, 11/28/01, p.A4)
2001        Nov 27, The Philippine military reported 25 guerrillas killed along with 1 soldier in Zamboanga. Rebels under Julhambri Missuari, nephew of arrested Gov. Misuari, later released 89 hostages in exchange for safe passage out of Zamboanga.
    (SFC, 11/28/01, p.A3)
2001        Nov 27, In South Africa the predominantly white New National Party (NNP) joined into a coalition with the ruling African National Congress (ANC).
    (SFC, 11/28/01, p.A5)
2001        Nov 27, Olaf Stromberg, a Swedish TV journalist, was killed while sleeping in northern Afghanistan during a suspected robbery attempt. He was the 8th journalist slain in the conflict.
    (SFC, 11/27/01, p.A10)(SFC, 11/28/01, p.A1)

2002        Nov 27, Pres. Bush selected Henry Kissinger to lead an investigation into intelligence lapses before the Sept. 11 attacks. Report deadline was mid-2004. The following month Kissinger stepped down, citing controversy over potential conflicts of interest with his business clients.
    (SFC, 11/28/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/29/02, p.A1)(AP, 11/27/03)
2002        Nov 26, President Bush gave the go-ahead to open U.S. highways to Mexican trucks.
    (AP, 11/27/03)
2002        Nov 27, Donald Rumsfeld, US Defense Sec., approved a list of techniques to be used for interrogating prisoners at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The order was rescinded Jan 15, 2003. A new list of techniques was issued Apr 16, 2003.
    (WSJ, 6/10/04, p.A3)(SFC, 6/23/04, p.A13)
2002        Nov 27, The DJIA rose 255 to 8,931. Nasdaq rose 43 to 1,487.
    (SFC, 11/28/02, p.B1)
2002        Nov 27, China arrested flamboyant flower magnate Yang Bin (39), a Dutch national, on charges of fraud and other commercial crimes, just two months after North Korea named him head of a new free-trade enclave.
    (AP, 11/27/02)
2002        Nov 27, A WHO official said simultaneous outbreaks of the flu and meningitis have killed 185 people in a rebel-controlled area of northwestern Congo.
    (AP, 11/27/02)
2002        Nov 27, French police arrested a man in Lyon after he tried to hijack an Alitalia flight carrying 57 passengers from Bologna to Paris.
    (Reuters, 11/27/02)
2002        Nov 27, International arms monitors searched a military missile-testing range and a state factory outside Baghdad, starting a new round of inspections that could determine the future of peace in the Middle East.
    (AP, 11/27/02)
2002        Nov 27-28, Fighting resumed in Ivory Coast, shattering a month long truce, after rebel forces attacked government positions in the west of the country. Government soldiers slaughtered more than 120 civilians suspected of collaborating with rebels in Monoko-Zohi.
    (AP, 11/27/02)(AP, 12/7/02)
2002        Nov 27, Daniel Baraniuk (27) from Gdansk, Poland, set a new pole-sitting world record, coming down from his perch in a German fun park after 196 days and nights.
    (AP, 11/27/02)
2002        Nov 27, Russian officials renewed their drive to close sprawling tent camps in the republic of Ingushetia that are home to tens of thousands of Chechen refugees.
    (AP, 11/27/02)
2002        Nov 27, Velupillai Prabhakaran, leader of Sri Lanka's Tamil Tigers, said he was willing to settle for regional autonomy.
    (AP, 11/27/02)

2003        Nov 27, Pres. Bush flew to Iraq under extraordinary secrecy and security to spend Thanksgiving with US troops.
    (AP, 11/28/03)
2003        Nov 27, Researchers in Cleveland reported on a gene that causes heart attacks.
    (SFC, 11/28/03, p.C11)(WSJ, 11/28/03, p.B1)
2003        Nov 27, In Grenada a record 64 candidates from six parties, including 2 independents, competed for the chamber's 15 seats. PM Keith Mitchell's governing New National Party won parliamentary balloting by a slim margin.
    (AP, 11/27/03)
2003        Nov 27, Indian security forces battled rebels in villages along the border in Kashmir and suspected insurgents detonated a grenade in a busy market. The violence left 12 people dead.
    (AP, 11/27/03)
2003        Nov 27, Mexican government prosecutors said that they've uncovered a document showing that soldiers tortured suspected rebel prisoners during the 1970s, sometimes forcing them to drink gasoline and then setting them afire.
    (AP, 11/27/03)
2003        Nov 27, In Mexico City union members, left-wing activists and farmers by the thousand marched to the central plaza in a major display of opposition to the president's plans to raise taxes on food and medicine and sell state-owned assets.
    (AP, 11/27/03)
2003        Nov 27, In Peru police clashed with highland peasants blocking an Andean highway to protest against mining pollution, leaving 2 demonstrators dead and over 20 people injured.
    (AP, 11/28/03)
2003        Nov 27, Talal al-Rasheed, a prominent Saudi poet, was shot to death by attackers while on a hunting trip in Algeria.
    (AP, 11/30/03)
2003        Nov 27, Taiwanese lawmakers passed a historic proposal that gives the president the power to hold an independence vote if China tries to use force to make the island unify with the mainland.
    (AP, 11/27/03)
2003        Nov 27, At the Vatican the Dalai Lama visited Pope John Paul II.
    (SFC, 11/28/03, p.A3)

2004        Nov 27, U.S. Army deserter Charles Jenkins was released from a military jail after serving 25 days for abandoning his squadron and crossing the border into North Korea in 1965.
    (AP, 11/27/04)
2004        Nov 27, Billy James Hargis (79), televangelist, died. His books included “Is the Schoolhouse the Best Place to Teach Raw Sex." In 1974 students at his American Christian College claimed Hargis had deflowered them.
    (Econ, 12/18/04, p.135)
2004        Nov 27, In Afghanistan 6 Americans died when a private plane used by the US Air Force crashed in snow-covered mountains. Search teams later recovered the bodies.
    (AP, 12/1/04)(WSJ, 12/1/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 27, In India Aga Khan, billionaire spiritual leader of the world's 15 million Shia Ismaili Muslims, presented the triennial Aga Khan awards for architecture.
    (AP, 11/27/04)
2004        Nov 27, Saudi security forces killed a suspected militant in the Red Sea city of Jeddah.
    (AP, 11/27/04)
2004        Nov 27, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels threatened to resume a two-decade war for self-rule if the government does not agree to discuss their demands soon.
    (AP, 11/27/04)
2004        Nov 27, Ukraine's parliament declared invalid the disputed presidential election that triggered a week of growing street protests and legal maneuvers, raising the possibility that a new vote could be held.
    (AP, 11/27/04)

2005        Nov 27, In Santa Maria, Ca., a Greyhound bus overturned, killing two people and injuring dozens of others.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005         Nov 27, Actress Jocelyn Brando (86), older sister of Marlon Brando, died in Santa Monica, Calif.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2005        Nov 27, Joe Jones (79) died in Los Angeles. He sang the 1961 hit "You Talk Too Much."
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2005        Nov 27, Residents of Chechnya began voting in the latest in a series of elections that are part of efforts to bring stability and peace.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, Running water was restored in Harbin, China, a city of 3.8 million people where a chemical spill forced a 5-day shutdown. Officials warned it was not immediately safe to drink.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, In northeast China coal dust caught fire at the Dongfeng coal mine in the city of Qitai while 221 miners were working underground. The final death toll reached 171. In 2007 the owner and four employees of the mine were sentenced to prison terms ranging from 3 1/2 to six years.
    (AP, 11/28/05)(AP, 12/06/05)(AP, 12/22/07)
2005        Nov 27, Colombian President Alvaro Uribe formally announced that he will run for a second term in next year's elections, saying he needed four more years to accomplish his goals of restoring security to the country and spurring economic growth.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, In Egypt the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood captured 29 more seats in weekend parliamentary runoff elections.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, Doctors in France performed the world's first partial face transplant on a woman disfigured by a dog bite; Isabelle Dinoire received the lips, nose and chin of a brain-dead woman in a 15-hour operation.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2005        Nov 27, Gabon President Omar Bongo, Africa's longest-serving ruler, was re-elected to another seven-year term in office with a landslide 79% of the vote.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 27, Hondurans voted for president with Porfiro Lobo, a hard-line death penalty proponent of the ruling National Party, favored over Manuel Zelaya, the Liberal Party candidate. Opposition candidate Mel Zelaya, who vowed to reinvigorate the economy by eliminating government corruption, was elected as the country's new president.
    (WSJ, 11/26/05, p.A1)(AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 27, Honduran police recaptured Herlan Colindres (16), who is accused of killing Timothy Markey, a US Drug Enforcement Administration agent on July 29 this year. It was Colindres’ second escape in less than four months and the fifth in three years.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, In southern Iran an earthquake measuring at least magnitude-5.9 shook a sparsely populated area, flattening seven villages and killing 10 people.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, Voters in Liechtenstein soundly rejected an initiative that critics said would have prevented abortion, birth control, assisted suicide and living wills.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, A Home Ministry source said Myanmar's military junta has extended opposition leader and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi's period of house arrest for another 12 months.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, Philippine President Gloria Arroyo declared the 23rd Southeast Asian Games open in a glittering ceremony at the Aquino sports stadium in Central Manila. An estimated 5,336 athletes will compete in 41 events which will run from November 27 to December 5. The 11 participating countries included Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, East Timor and Vietnam.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, Two women were elected to a chamber of commerce in Jiddah, the first to win any such post in Saudi Arabia, where women are largely barred from political life.
    (AP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 27, Senegal's foreign minister said the African Union will decide the fate of Chad's former dictator, wanted in Belgium for trial on human-rights abuses allegedly committed during his regime.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 27, Pirates freed a Ukrainian cargo ship seized nearly 40 days ago off the coast of Somalia. The Panahia and its 22 crew members were seized Oct 18. It was not immediately clear if the $700,000 ransom demanded by the pirates had been paid.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, Swiss voters approved a blanket five-year ban on the use of genetically modified organisms in farming. Switzerland already prohibits most of such technology from being used in agriculture.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, In Yemen a suspected al-Qaida ally was executed by a firing squad after being convicted of killing a prominent politician and plotting a deadly attack on three American missionaries in 2002.
    (AP, 11/27/05)
2005        Nov 27, Zimbabwe's ruling party swept an overwhelming majority of seats in a newly created Senate, according to partial results from an election marked by record-low turnout and a deeply divided opposition.
    (AP, 11/27/05)

2006        Nov 27, Pres. Bush flew to Estonia on his way to a NATO meeting centered on Afghanistan in Riga, Latvia.
    (WSJ, 11/28/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 27, OECD Secretary General Angel Gurria said excessive weakening of the US dollar could lead to interest rate hikes in the US, Europe and Japan and hurt global economic growth.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, California authorities announced the arrests of 2 men involved with the theft of almonds and walnuts in the Central Valley. About $400,000 of stolen nuts were recovered, part of an estimated $2 million stolen over the past year.
    (SFC, 11/28/06, p.B1)
2006        Nov 27, In southwest Joplin, Missouri, an early morning fire at the Anderson Guest House group home for the mentally disabled killed 10 residents and a caretaker and sent at least a dozen more to a hospital. In 2011 a judge concluded that the blaze was preventable.
    (AP, 11/27/07)(SFC, 1/19/11, p.A5)
2006        Nov 27, Bebe Moore Campbell (56), novelist, died of cancer in Los Angeles. Her novels centered on race relations and included “Your Blues Ain’t Like Mine" (1992), which was rooted in the (1955) murder of Emmett Till.
    (SFC, 11/28/06, p.B7)
2006        Nov 27, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber attacked a convoy of foreign troops, killing two Canadian soldiers and an Afghan civilian.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, An official inquiry into the corruption that riddled the UN oil-for-food program in Iraq cleared the Australian government but cited 12 top executives for bribing Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AFP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, Britain’s PM Tony Blair condemned the African slave trade and expressed deep sorrow for Britain's role, but stopped short of offering an apology or compensation for the descendants of those victimized by it.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, Congo’s supreme court upheld President Joseph Kabila's victory in landmark elections, ruling as unfounded the runner-up's charges of widespread fraud.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 27, In the Dominican Rep. fire struck a strip club after it closed in the early morning, killing 9 employees who lived on the floor above the establishment, including several dancers.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, In Ecuador partial returns showed Rafael Correa with as many as twice the votes recorded as for his banana tycoon rival, who claimed the polls were rigged.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, French developers have selected a design by Pritzker Prize winner Thom Mayne, an award-winning American architect, for a bold new building in Paris nearly as tall as the Eiffel Tower, and powered partly by the wind. Completion was set for 2012.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 27, In Paris Eurotunnel, operator of the Channel tunnel, was rescued from looming bankruptcy when key creditors approved a plan to slash debt exceeding 9.0 billion euros (11.9 billion dollars).
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, India carried out its first successful test interception of a ballistic missile, using a second missile to destroy the incoming rocket.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, In Iran a Russian-designed antonov-74 crashed in Tehran, killing 38 people. They included members of the elite Revolutionary Guards and high-ranking officers. This was Iran’s third military air plane crash in the last year.
    (AP, 11/27/06)(SFC, 11/27/06, p.A3)
2006        Nov 27, Iraqi President Jalal Talabani arrived in Tehran to meet with his Iranian counterpart amid increasing calls for Washington to enlist Iran's help in calming the escalating violence in neighboring Iraq. In Baghdad gunmen opened fire on a crowded street, killing six Iraqis and wounding three, some of whom were sitting in a parked car. Police in western Baghdad found the bodies of two Iraqis who had been kidnapped, blindfolded and shot. A bomb exploded under an oil pipeline and set it on fire south of Baghdad. A US Air Force F-16 jet crashed northwest of Baghdad and Maj. Troy Gilbert was killed.
    (AP, 11/27/06)(SFC, 11/30/06, p.A12)
2006        Nov 27, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert, seeking to build on a shaky cease-fire with the Palestinians, offered to reduce checkpoints, release frozen funds, and free prisoners in exchange for a serious push for peace by the Palestinians.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, Italian Premier Romano Prodi said the last of Italy's soldiers in Iraq, some 60-70 troops, will return home this week, ending the Italian contingent's presence in the south of the country after more than three years.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, A UN food agency said Lebanon's agriculture sector suffered about $280 million in damage during this summer's conflict between Israel and Hezbollah.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, A three-story bank under construction collapsed in the main Nigerian city of Lagos, and two people were unaccounted for and believed trapped inside the rubble.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 27, The first privately owned English-language daily, the Palestine Times, was launched in the West Bank and Gaza, with its editors aiming to provide news about the region to English speakers abroad.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, In Russia Ruslan Fedosenko and Sergei Kocherov, who had worked for Moscow's Perovsky district prosecutor's office, were convicted of corruption and sentenced to four-year prison terms.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, Officials said South Korea planned to kill cats and dogs in the area of Iksan to try to prevent the spread of bird flu after an outbreak of the deadly H5N1 virus at a chicken farm last week.
    (AP, 11/27/06)
2006        Nov 27, In Sudan fighting began in the southern town of Malakal and escalated into full trench warfare between the northern Sudanese Armed Forces and the SPLA. Hundreds of people may have been killed in the heaviest fighting between Sudan's former north-south foes since they signed a peace deal last year.
    (Reuters, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 27, Authorities of Western Sahara recovered the bodies of three children which washed up at a beach, bringing to 13 the number of migrant children who drowned when their small boat sank in the Atlantic.
    (Reuters, 11/28/06)

2007        Nov 27, Pres. Bush declared that the time is right to relaunch Mideast peace talks to create a Palestinian state because "a battle is under way for the future" of the troubled region, in remarks prepared for the start of the US-arranged Annapolis Mideast peace conference. Delegations from 46 countries and int’l. organizations attended the conference. Israeli PM Olmert and Palestine’s Pres. Abbas agreed to launch formal talks on Dec 12 and committed to negotiating a peace treaty by the end of 2008.
    (AP, 11/27/07)(SFC, 11/27/07, p.A15)(WSJ, 11/28/07, p.A4)
2007        Nov 27, A Somali immigrant, Nuradin Abdi, was sentenced to 10 years in prison for plotting to blow up an Ohio shopping mall.
    (AP, 11/27/08)
2007        Nov 27, The US Red Cross fired chief executive Mark Everson (53) citing his personal relationship with a subordinate employee. Everson was in office for only 6 months.
    (SFC, 11/28/07, p.A6)
2007        Nov 27, Cessna said it will turn over complete production of its new Cessna 162 SkyCatcher to a Chinese partner. The base price of the plane will be $109,500.
    (WSJ, 11/28/07, p.A14)
2007        Nov 27, Google said it will spend millions of dollars to develop renewable energy as part of a plan to clean the environment and reduce the company’s own power bill.
    (SFC, 11/28/07, p.A1)
2007        Nov 27, Wells Fargo & Co. said it will take a $1.4 billion pretax charge tied to increased losses on home equity loans.
    (SFC, 11/28/07, p.C3)
2007        Nov 27, In Florida Pro Bowl safety Sean Taylor died after he was shot in his home by an apparent intruder, leaving the Washington Redskins in mourning for a teammate who seemed to have reordered his life since becoming a father. By the end of the week 4 men were charged with unpremeditated murder, armed burglary and home invasion with a firearm or another deadly weapon.
    (AP, 11/27/07)(AP, 12/2/07)
2007        Nov 27, Dr. J. Robert Cade (80), inventor of Gatorade, died.
    (AP, 11/27/08)
2007        Nov 27, Jane Rule, American-born Canadian writer, died at her home on Galiano Island in British Columbia. Her 1964 novel, “Desert of the Heart," is considered a landmark work of lesbian fiction.
    (SFC, 12/10/07, p.C5)
2007        Nov 27, Bill Willis (86), a Hall of Fame guard with the Cleveland Browns and Ohio State's first black football All-American, died in Columbus, Ohio.
    (AP, 11/27/08)
2007        Nov 27, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber triggered a huge blast near two armored vehicles used by US-led coalition troops in Kabul, killing at least two civilians and destroying the wall of a nearby house.
    (AP, 11/27/07)
2007        Nov 27, In Algeria officials said floods caused by days of torrential rain have killed 11 people, injured several others and have cut off many roads in northern Algeria.
    (AFP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 27, In Brussels Valdas Adamkus, President of Lithuania, was declared “European of the Year" at the annual EV50 gala awards ceremony hosted by European Voice. President Adamkus was nominated as one of 50 “Europeans of the Year." The 2007 winners of the EV50 awards were chosen by European Voice readers from among 50 nominees, selected by a distinguished panel of leading opinion-formers.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2phf99)
2007        Nov 27, In Brazil a Catholic bishop began his second hunger strike in two years to protest a government project to divert river water to irrigate parts of the country's arid northeast.
    (AP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 27, International experts convened in Burkina Faso for a three day session to discuss the prospects for biofuel production in Africa. The conference was organized by the International Institute for Water and Environmental Engineering and CIRAD, the French agricultural research centre international development. Co-organizers included the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA) and the government of Burkina Faso.
    (AFP, 11/26/07)
2007        Nov 27, In central China an explosion ripped through a house where villagers in Hunan province were illegally making fireworks, killing 13 people.
    (AP, 11/27/07)
2007        Nov 27, PM Meles Zenawi said Ethiopia will sustain its crackdown on separatist rebels in the restive Ogaden region, adding that scores of insurgents had been killed. John Holmes, UN undersecretary-general for Humanitarian Affairs, arrived in the Ogaden region.
    (AP, 11/27/07)(Reuters, 11/27/07)
2007        Nov 27, In France youths rioted for a 3rd night in Paris' suburbs, firing at officers and ramming burning cars into buildings. In Toulouse a library went up in flames.
    (AP, 11/27/07)(SFC, 11/28/07, p.A4)
2007        Nov 27, French police detained a 68-year-old retired "drag queen" performer on suspicion of murdering 18 mainly gay men between 1980 and 2000.
    (AFP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 27, Iceland has overtaken Norway as the world's most desirable country to live in, according to an annual UN table that again puts AIDS-afflicted sub-Saharan African states at the bottom.
    (Reuters, 11/27/07)
2007        Nov 27, The Mezzanine, a Panamanian freighter, hit rough seas off Taiwan's north coast and 26 Indonesian sailors were feared dead.
    (AFP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 27, The news agency IRNA reported that Iran has manufactured a new missile with a range of 1,200 miles capable of reaching Israel and US bases in the Mideast. A judiciary spokesman said an Iranian court has acquitted Hossein Mousavian, a former nuclear negotiator of spying charges, but convicted him of acting against the Islamic government.
    (AP, 11/27/07)
2007        Nov 27, More Iraqi refugees, heartened by reports of the lull in violence in Baghdad, were beginning to return. A woman wearing an explosives belt blew herself up near an American patrol near Baqouba wounding 7 US troops and 5 Iraqis. East of the city, mortar rounds apparently targeting a local radio station instead landed near homes in the vicinity, killing two people, while a roadside bombing killed one civilian. US troops fired on vehicles trying to drive through roadblocks in Baghdad and north of the Iraqi capital, killing at least five people, including a child, in two separate shootings.
    (AP, 11/27/07)(AP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 27, Lebanon's top Shiite cleric declared that a Muslim woman is allowed to fight back in self-defense if she is hit by her husband, in a ruling rare for the region's male-dominated Islamic society.
    (AP, 11/27/07)
2007        Nov 27, Mozambique formally took over from Portugal the control of Cahora Bassa hydroelectric dam, Africa's second most important after that of Aswan in Egypt.
    (AFP, 11/27/07)
2007        Nov 27, The defense chiefs of North and South Korea began a rare meeting to discuss easing tension across their disputed sea border on a harmonious note, pledging to end the peninsula's division.
    (AP, 11/27/07)
2007        Nov 27, Officials said Pakistani government troops have retaken a strategic peak from pro-Taliban rebels in the northwest Swat valley and shut down their radio station. Major General Waheed Arshad said 45 militants had been killed in the past two days of clashes.
    (AFP, 11/27/07)
2007        Nov 27, Tens of thousands of people in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip rallied against the Mideast peace conference under way in the US, while the group's top leader in Gaza insisted the summit is "doomed to failure."
    (AP, 11/27/07)
2007        Nov 27, PM Donald Tusk announced that Poland will drop its opposition to Moscow's bid to join the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in a drive to improve ties with Russia.
    (AP, 11/27/07)
2007        Nov 27, Russia’s Gazprom made clear its interest in buying a half share of TNK-BP and any large UK power company that may come up for sale, while repeating its warning that wholesale gas prices could rise sharply in Europe next year.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/business/2007/nov/28/bp.oil)
2007        Nov 27, Sri Lanka’s air force bombed the Tiger’s radio station killing 9 civilian staff.
    (Econ, 12/8/07, p.48)

2008        Nov 27, Macy’s held its 82nd Thanksgiving Day parade in NYC.
    (SFC, 11/28/08, p.A2)
2008        Nov 27, An SUV plunged off an overpass in northern Colorado and hit a concrete embankment in a fiery crash, killing all seven people inside it, including two young children.
    (AP, 11/27/08)
2008        Nov 27, A sport utility vehicle carrying 8 people from Texas plunged off an unfinished bridge into a river in northern Mexico, causing the death of three adults and four children.
    (AP, 11/28/08)
2008        Nov 27, In southern Afghanistan 2 British troops were killed after being fired at by insurgents while on patrol. A suicide car bomber targeting an American convoy exploded about 200 yards (meters) outside the US Embassy in Kabul, killing at least four Afghan bystanders as people entered the compound for a Thanksgiving Day race. In northwestern Afghanistan Taliban insurgents killed 13 Afghan troops in an ambush of their convoy. NATO-led troops fired on insurgents inside Pakistan. The artillery attacks killed several insurgents and caused several secondary explosions, indicating the presence of ammunition at the locations. The U.N.'s drug czar said the Taliban and other warlords could clear almost half a billion dollars from Afghanistan's opium trade this year, money that will help finance insurgent attacks.
    (AFP, 11/27/08)(AP, 11/27/08)(AP, 11/28/08)
2008        Nov 27, In China assailants allegedly pulled members of a Belgian television crew from their vehicle, beat them and took their notes and money. VRT asked for compensation for damaged equipment, an apology to the journalists and a guarantee that the journalists will be able to work safely.
    (AP, 12/2/08)
2008        Nov 27, More than 10,000 Congolese civilians fled to Uganda in a matter of hours to escape renewed fighting.
    (AP, 11/27/08)
2008        Nov 27, An Airbus A320 passenger plane crashed off France's southern coast during a maintenance flight, killing 3 people and leaving the 4 others on board missing.
    (AP, 11/28/08)(AP, 12/1/08)
2008        Nov 27, Germany's defense minister laid the foundation stone for the first national memorial in Berlin, designed by German architect Andreas Meck, to soldiers killed serving in the country's post-World War II military.
    (AP, 11/27/08)
2008        Nov 27, Black-clad Indian commandoes raided two luxury hotels to try to free hostages, and explosions and gunshots shook Mumbai, India's financial capital, a day after suspected Muslim militants killed 110 people.
    (AP, 11/27/08)
2008        Nov 27, Iraq's parliament approved a security pact with the United States that lets American troops stay in the country for three more years, setting a clear timetable for a US exit for the first time since the 2003 invasion. Under the security pact, US forces will withdraw from Iraqi towns and cities by June 30 and the entire country by Jan. 1, 2012.
    (AP, 11/27/08)(AP, 11/28/08)
2008        Nov 27, A court inside Myanmar's notorious Insein prison sentenced a comedian who has criticized the government's cyclone response to 14 more years, bringing his total prison term to 59 years, his lawyer said. Comedian and activist Zarganar was given a 45-year prison sentence last week after he was convicted on charges related to interviews he gave to foreign media outlets.
    (AP, 11/27/08)
2008        Nov 27, South Korea's supermarket chains resumed selling US beef, nearly five months after the government lifted an import ban imposed over fears of mad cow disease.
    (AP, 11/27/08)
2008        Nov 27, Spain's prime minister announced an €11 billion ($14 billion) stimulus plan to revive the country's flagging economy.
    (AP, 11/27/08)
2008        Nov 27, In Spain novelist Juan Marse (75), known for his descriptions of hardship in Catalonia during the Spanish civil war (1936-1939), won the Cervantes Prize, the Spanish speaking world’s highest literary prize.
    (SFC, 11/28/08, p.E10)
2008        Nov 27, Switzerland reached an agreement with the EU to join the European Union's Schengen passport-free travel zone effective next month.
    (AP, 11/27/08)
2008        Nov 27, Thailand's government prepared to crack down on protesters occupying the capital's two airports, but called on the public not to panic as rumors of a coup swept through the city.
    (AP, 11/27/08)
2008        Nov 27, Yemeni security troops in San’a opened fire on thousands of protesters calling for a boycott of April parliamentary elections, wounding a number of demonstrators.
    (AP, 11/27/08)

2009        Nov 27, Tiger Woods ran his SUV into a fire hydrant and a tree outside his Florida home. This took place just days after the National Enquirer claimed he had an affair with Rachel Uchitel, the 33-year-old golf champ. A report soon followed in Us Weekly magazine of a cocktail waitress claiming to have had a 31-month affair with Woods.
    (AP, 12/4/09)(http://tinyurl.com/yjqs6nr)
2009        Nov 27, Space shuttle Atlantis and its 7 astronauts returned to Earth with a smooth touchdown at Cape Canaveral, Fla., to end an "amazing" flight that resupplied the International Space Station.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, Bess. L. Hawes (b.1921), co-writer of the political whimsical hit “Charlie on the MTA’’ (1948), died in Portland, Ore. The song became a big hit for the Kingston Trio in 1959.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ygtrqh8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bess_Lomax_Hawes)
2009        Nov 27, Afghan President Hamid Karzai called on the Taliban and other extremist groups to lay down their weapons and participate in rebuilding the battered country, as part of reconciliation efforts he has said will be his main objective during his second term. Turyalai Wesa, the governor of Kandahar province survived an assassination attempt when a bomb targeting his convoy exploded as he headed for prayers. An Afghan Red Crescent official in Takhar province was shot to death in an apparent attempt to settle a long-standing dispute. Police detained a father, his son and a nephew.
    (AP, 11/27/09)(AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, A NATO official said alliance nations may increase their fighting force in Afghanistan by up to 6,000 soldiers in response to President Barack Obama's expected call for 30,000 additional US and allied service members.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, In southern Bangladesh the MV Coco-4, a triple-deck ferry packed with hundreds of travelers heading home for an Islamic festival, capsized on the Tetulia River as passengers disembarked, leaving at least 77 dead and dozens missing.
    (AP, 11/28/09)(AFP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 27, The army in the Central African Republic retook control of the key north central town of Ndele from rebels.
    (AFP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, China and Japan agreed to conduct their first joint military training exercise, in the latest sign of warming ties between the Asian neighbors, long marked by mutual suspicion and spats over a range of issues.
    (Reuters, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, In China Justin Franchi Solondz, an American man wanted in the US on terrorism charges, was sentenced in Dali city, Yunnan province, for making illegal drugs. The FBI office in Seattle listed Solondz among its "most wanted." Charges in 2006 related to his alleged role in 2001 with the Earth Liberation Front. Solondz was accused of having a role in the destruction of a horticulture center at the University of Washington, as well as the destruction of several buildings in Oregon.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, In northeastern China flooding trapped 16 coal miners in Jilin province.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, In Congo DRC four people died when a jail cell wall fell on them during an attempted prison escape in Kinshasa.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 27, In Guatemala a mob of some 400 residents in Solola burned to death two men and a woman suspected of killing a local bus driver.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, Haiti's UN peacekeeping mission urged local officials to provide a justification for banning 17 political groups from participating in next year's legislative elections.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, The board of the UN nuclear watchdog censured Iran, with 25 nations backing a resolution that demands Tehran immediately freeze construction of its newly revealed nuclear facility and heed Security Council resolutions calling on it to stop uranium enrichment.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, In Iraq a US soldier died of noncombat-related injuries.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, The Israel air force attacked a group of Palestinian militants in northern Gaza as they were about to fire rockets at Israel. Palestinian medics said 4 militants were wounded. The Israeli military said one member of the squad was killed.
    (SFC, 11/28/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 27, Bison returned to Mexico for the first time since the 1800s, with Mexican authorities releasing 23 donated US animals in northern Chihuahua state. The donated bison came from the Wind Cave National Park in South Dakota.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, Namibia’s Pres. Hifikepunye Pohamba, who is seeking a 2nd 5-year term, was among the first to vote as polls opened in a 2-day election. The elections expected to return the long-ruling SWAPO to power despite a tough challenge from a new breakaway party. The population of the desert nation, half the size of Alaska, numbered about 2.2 million people. President Hifikepunye Pohamba won re-election, with more than six times as many votes as his nearest rival.
    (AP, 11/27/09)(AFP, 11/27/09)(AP, 12/5/09)(Econ, 11/28/09, p.56)
2009        Nov 27, In Pakistan 15 Taliban fighters were killed in operations over the past 24 hours in South Waziristan. Shahfur Khan, a key anti-Taliban tribal leader, was assassinated in a roadside bombing in the northwest. Elsewhere, authorities found the bullet-riddled body of Ameer Saiyed, another tribal elder, who was seized from his home a day earlier in an attack that also left his son dead. A gunman opened fire on the house in Rawalpindi of Kamran Shafi, a newspaper columnist critical of Pakistan's army and spy agencies. Shafi later alleged that the attack was carried out by elements linked to the country's powerful security establishment. Shafi recounted the attack and a death threat he received the following day in his weekly column in the respected Dawn newspaper. He and his family were not injured in the incident.
    (AP, 11/27/09)(AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Nov 27, Poland's Pres. Kaczynski's Web site said he has approved legislation that allows for people to be fined or even imprisoned for possessing or buying communist symbols.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, In Russia a homemade bomb planted on the tracks of the high-speed Moscow-to-St. Petersburg route, caused a derailment of the 14-car Nevsky Express. 26 people were killed and dozens more injured. Chechen militants later claimed responsibility and vowed further "acts of sabotage" in a letter posted on a rebel website.
    (AP, 11/28/09)(AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Nov 27, In Rwanda Janvier Murenzi, a former presidential financial director, was fined 1.8 million dollars and jailed for four years for illegal enrichment as Kigali cracks down on corruption.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, In Saudi Arabia vast crowds of pilgrims cast stones at walls representing the devil on the third day of the annual hajj as Muslims around the world began celebrating Eid al-Adha, the most important holiday of the Islamic calendar.
    (AP, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, Saudi Arabia said nine of its soldiers fighting Yemeni rebels on the border were missing and Saudi King Abdullah vowed to defend the country.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 27, The 53 members of the Commonwealth gathered in Trinidad for a summit.
    (Econ, 11/28/09, p.67)
2009        Nov 27, Venezuela’s President Chavez said he plans to open an embassy in Palestinian territories and upgrade its ties to ambassadorial level, to support Palestinians in their struggle against Israel.
    (Reuters, 11/27/09)
2009        Nov 27, Zimbabwe and South Africa signed a bilateral investment agreement which would protect investments made by nationals of both countries in each other's territory.
    (AFP, 11/27/09)

2010        Nov 27, New York state police arrested Steven Pieper (21) just hours after searchers found the body of a missing woman, believed to be Jenni-Lyn Watson (20), a Mercyhurst College dance major.
    (SSFC, 11/28/10, p.A14)
2010        Nov 27, US film director Irvin Kershner (87) died in Los Angeles. His work included the direction of the Star Wars sequel "The Empire Strikes Back," the James Bond film "Never Say Never Again" and "Robocop 2." Other work included "A Fine Madness" (1966), "The Flim-Flam Man" (1967), "Loving" (1970), and "The Eyes of Laura Mars" (1978). The 1976 television movie "Raid on Entebbe" earned him an Emmy nomination for direction.
    (AP, 11/29/10)
2010        Nov 27, In Afghanistan 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up at an Afghan police headquarters in eastern Paktika province, killing 13 police officers near the Pakistan border. A NATO service member also was killed in a bomb attack in eastern Afghanistan. Afghan and coalition forces killed at least 15 insurgents during an overnight search for a senior Taliban leader in the Sherzad district of Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 11/27/10)(AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 27, Australia's Qantas Airways resumed flights of its Airbus A380 superjumbos, after a mid-flight engine failure grounded all six of the planes earlier this month.
    (Reuters, 11/27/10)
2010        Nov 27, The British government said it is paying for more than 1,000 medical staff to work in Haiti as part of an aid package worth more than 5.6 million pounds to help combat a deadly cholera outbreak there.
    (AFP, 11/27/10)
2010        Nov 27, In China an "extraordinary" Asian Games closed after 15 days of thrills and spills that saw China reinforce its sporting credentials as 45 countries and territories took part. China’s final gold tally reached 199 and its total medals to 416, both Asian Games records.
    (AFP, 11/27/10)
2010        Nov 27, In France delegates at an Atlantic conservation conference in Paris took measures to protect sea turtles and several types of sharks. ICCAT members agreed to reduce the allowable Mediterranean and eastern Atlantic bluefin tuna catch to 12,900 tons from 13,500 tons. The allowable western Atlantic catch was reduced to 1,750 tons from 1,800, a level that American and Canadian fisherman already had been unable to meet due to stock decline.
    (AP, 11/27/10)(SSFC, 11/28/10, p.A10)
2010        Nov 27, Guinea's government announced border closures with Sierra Leone by land, sea and air this evening stranding hundreds of people from Sierra Leone on Guinea's side.
    (AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 27, In Haiti at least one person was killed and several wounded when gunmen opened fire on a rally for presidential candidate Michel Martelly.
    (AFP, 11/27/10)
2010        Nov 27, In eastern India suspected Maoist rebels blew up an ambulance with a land mine in Orissa state, killing at least three people inside.
    (AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 27, Iran's state radio reported that a man attempting to hijack a Syria-bound flight carrying a number of Iranian lawmakers was arrested on board. ISNA news agency reported that Iran has hanged in prison a man convicted of raping several women in Isfahan. The latest hanging brings the number of executions in Iran to at least 145 so far this year.
    (AP, 11/27/10)(AFP, 11/27/10)
2010        Nov 27, Iraq arrested 12 militants suspected of helping take Christians hostage in a church siege that killed 44 worshippers and two priests on Oct 31. Among those apprehended were Huthaifa al-Batawi, the Baghdad chief of the Islamic State of Iraq, the Al-Qaeda front group which carried out the attack, while senior ISI leader Ammar al-Najadi was killed.
    (AFP, 11/27/10)
2010        Nov 27, In northern Italy 3 hikers died after being caught in an avalanche.
    (AP, 11/27/10)
2010        Nov 27, Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo issued a decree calling for a nationwide curfew from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. Nov 27-Dec 1 to prevent any tampering with vote counting. Opposition candidate Alassane Ouattara said the move was illegal and unconstitutional, adding a curfew should only come after the election if there is trouble.
    (AP, 11/27/10)
2010        Nov 27, Lebanese PM Saad Hariri expressed concerns for stability in the Middle East as he began a visit to Tehran to rally Iran's support for his efforts to keep Lebanon stable amid tensions over a U.N. probe into the assassination of his father, Rafik Hariri.
    (AP, 11/27/10)
2010        Nov 27, Mexico's federal police in Ciudad Juarez captured Arturo Gallegos Castrellon (32), a presumed leader of the Aztecas cross-border drug gang. He was suspected in dozens of killings, including the slaying of a US consulate worker. Two other members of the gang were arrested with Gallegos on charges of transporting drugs and weapons.
    (AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 27, Morocco’s foreign minister in a published interview rejected a probe into violent clashes between its security forces and residents of Western Sahara by the UN. A day earlier, Human Rights Watch said Moroccan security forces repeatedly beat and abused people they detained during disturbances in Western Sahara earlier this month.
    (AFP, 11/27/10)(AFP, 11/26/10)
2010        Nov 27, Pakistan offered a reward for information about Taliban militants involved in planning or carrying out attacks, and promised to resettle informers in Pakistan or abroad. Hundreds of Sunni Muslims started a nearly 200-mile (320-km) high-risk trek across Pakistan in a protest against Taliban attacks on the country's religious sites.
    (Reuters, 11/27/10)(AP, 11/27/10)
2010        Nov 27, Somalia's parliament passed the proposed Cabinet of new PM Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed.
    (AP, 11/27/10)
2010        Nov 27, Taiwan's ruling Nationalist Party won three out of five mayoral races, providing a boost for President Ma Ying-jeou's policy of improving relations with China ahead of the island's 2012 presidential poll.
    (AP, 11/27/10)
2010        Nov 27, Venezuelan President Chavez promoted Gen. Henry Rangel Silva to general-in-chief. Silva had sparked controversy by suggesting the military would not accept an electoral return to power by government opponents.
    (AP, 11/27/10)

2011        Nov 27, A new translation of the Mass was rolled out across the English-speaking Catholic world after months of preparation.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 27, In Afghanistan NATO said two of its service members have been killed, one in combat operations in the east and the other by a roadside bomb in the south.
    (AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 27, Ken Russell (b.1927), British director of "Women in Love" (1969) and "The Devils" (1971), died. His biggest commercial success came three years later with "Tommy," an adaptation of The Who's rock opera.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 27, The Swanland cargo ship, with eight people on board, sank in the Irish Sea. It was carrying thousands of tons of limestone and five people remain missing off the coast of north Wales.
    (AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 27, Gunmen in Burundi murdered Sister Luckrecija Mamic, a Croatian nun, and an Italian charity worker in an apparent botched robbery and kidnapping. Sister Carla Brianza was later shot dead while Sister Carla Brianza, an Italian nun, fought off her attackers and escaped with relatively minor wounds. Two men, aged 20 and 24, were arrested for the attack after a shootout.
    (AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 27, German police cleared a sit-in of thousands of protesters attempting to block a shipment of nuclear waste and detained 1,300 people.
    (AP, 11/27/11)   
2011        Nov 27, In Egypt thousands of protesters filled Cairo's Tahrir Square for another massive demonstration to push for the military to immediately return to their barracks in favor of a civilian presidential council.
    (AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 27, Haiti hip hop star Wyclef Jean said he's proud of the way his charity responded after the earthquake almost two years ago. His comments followed reports published by The New York Post saying his foundation collected $16 million in 2010 but less than a third of that went to emergency efforts.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 27, Iran's parliament voted on expel the British ambassador in retaliation for fresh Western sanctions over Tehran's nuclear program and warned that other countries could also be punished. The bill now has to go to the Guardians Council for approval.
    (AFP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 27, In Iraq a gunman in Baghdad killed national security official Ibrahim Saleh Mahdi and his wife. On May 15, 2012, Ahmed al-Jubouri, a bodyguard of Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi, testified that Mahdi was ordered killed because he had become "a source of annoyance" to al-Hashemi.
    (AP, 5/16/12)(http://tinyurl.com/7djvb7u)
2011        Nov 27, Hundreds of Libya's minority Amazigh Berbers marched to the premier's office for the second time in three days, stepping up pressure to be represented in the government. During Kadhafi's rule the Amazighs, whose name means "free men," were banned from publicly speaking, writing or printing anything in their own tongue, tamazight.
    (AFP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 27, Palestinian officials said they will not be able to pay the next round of public sector salaries due to Israeli sanctions.
    (SFC, 11/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 27, In the southern Philippines suspected Islamic militants detonated a powerful bomb that killed at least three people and wounded 27 others in a budget hotel packed with wedding guests in Zamboanga city.
    (AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 27, South Ossetia held runoff elections. Opposition candidate and former Education Minister Alla Dzhioyeva won, defeating Emergencies Minister Anatoly Bibilov, the Kremlin's chosen candidate.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 27, Sri Lanka's President Rajapakse unveiled the island's first expressway, linking the capital and the southern city of Galle, asserting that better road connectivity would remedy old separatist tendencies.
    (AFP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 27, The Arab League, meeting in Cairo, approved unprecedented sanctions on Syria over its crackdown on 8-month uprising.
    (AP, 11/27/11)
2011        Nov 27, A United Arab Emirates state security court sentenced five activists, who have campaigned for political freedoms, to prison terms of up to three years. The top court handed blogger Ahmed Mansoor a three-year prison sentence, while four others received two years each. Within 24 hours a presidential pardon was issued to release them.
    (AP, 11/27/11)(AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 27, In Venezuela Maximiliano Bonilla Orozco, a top Colombian drug trafficker known as "Valenciano," was captured in Maracay. Officials the next day said he will be turned over to US authorities.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 27, Yemen’s vice president, Gen. Abd-Rabbu Mansour, named Mohammed Basindwa to form a national unity government. A tribal source said Shiite rebels have killed 20 people and wounded 70 others in an attack on a Sunni Islamist school in Dammaj, a suburb of the Shiite stronghold city of Saada. Yemen's army shelled suspected Al-Qaeda positions in Zinjibar, killing 9 militants in its battle to win control of the city. A tribal source said that four other extremists were killed in an ambush by tribal fighters allied to the military in Abyan province. Government troops have so far been unable to win back full control of Abyan.
    (AFP, 11/27/11)(AFP, 11/28/11)(SFC, 11/28/11, p.A2)

2012        Nov 27, Four female service members filed a lawsuit challenging the Pentagon's ban on women serving in combat, hoping the move will add pressure to drop the policy just as officials are gauging the effect that lifting the prohibition will have on morale. A 1994 rule that barred women from being assigned to ground combat units.
    (AP, 11/28/12)
2012        Nov 27, A labor strike by 500 clerical workers began at the twin California ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach. Their industrial action and clout was significantly strengthened because some 10,000 members of the International Longshore and Warehouse Union supported them, refusing to cross the clerical workers' picket lines. Operations at 10 or 14 terminals were idled. A deal to settle was struck on Dec 4.
    (Reuters, 12/2/12)(SFC, 12/4/12, p.A11)(Econ, 12/8/12, p.31)
2012        Nov 27, The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released a report saying young people ages 13 to 24 account for 26 percent of all new HIV infections.
    (Reuters, 11/27/12)
2012        Nov 27, Four gay men accused a New Jersey nonprofit, Jews Offering New Alternatives to Healing," of fraud for selling “conversion therapy" that falsely promised to make them straight.
    (SFC, 11/28/12, p.A5)
2012        Nov 27, Washington state Gov. Chris Gregoire ordered state agencies to take steps to address the ocean’s increasing acidity, making it the first state to adopt a policy to address what scientists called a growing environmental concern.
    (SFC, 11/28/12, p.A5)
2012        Nov 27, Bolivia’s Interior Minister Carlos Romero said authorities have arrested 7 government officials suspected of involvement in a scheme to rob and extort New York businessman Jacob Ostreicher. They included the judge who first ordered Ostreicher seized in 2011 and officials in a state agency that seized 18,000 metric tons of rice from him. Ostreicher was granted house arrest on Dec 18. In 2013 two members of the alleged extortion ring pleaded guilty.
    (SFC, 11/28/12, p.A2)(SFC, 12/19/12, p.A5)(SFC, 6/11/13, p.A2)
2012        Nov 27, British police found the body of an elderly woman in a flooded home in the Welsh city of St. Asaph. Sustained wet weather kept many areas of Britain under water.
    (SFC, 11/28/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 27, Colombia withdrew from a 1948 treaty th bound it to the UN in response to the Nov 19 by the ICJ granting Nicaragua control of a large swath of sea. During the 1948 Conference of American States, nations in the region signed the "Bogota Pact," which required signatories to find peaceful solutions to conflicts.
    (SFC, 11/29/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 27, Congo's M23 rebels defied a deadline imposed by neighboring nations, saying they will stay in the crucial, eastern city of Goma and will fight the Congolese army to hold it.
    (AP, 11/27/12)
2012        Nov 27, Congo residents and M23 rebels said that another rebel group, the FDLR, has crossed the border into Rwanda and is fighting the Rwandan army.
    (AP, 11/27/12)
2012        Nov 27, In Egypt thousands flocked to Cairo's central Tahrir square for a protest against Pres. Morsi in a significant test of whether the opposition can rally the street behind it in a confrontation aimed at forcing the Islamist leader to rescind decrees that granted him near absolute powers.
    (AP, 11/27/12)
2012        Nov 27, The 17 European Union nations that use the euro struck an agreement with the International Monetary Fund on a program to reduce Greek debt and put Athens on the way to get the next installment of its bailout loans. The first disbursement is set to take place Dec 13.
    (AP, 11/27/12)
2012        Nov 27, France announced that it plans to vote in favor of recognizing a Palestinian state at the UN General Assembly this week.
    (AP, 11/27/12)
2012        Nov 27, In Iraq insurgents launched attacks against security forces and civilians in Baghdad, Kirkuk city and Diyala province. At least 30 people were killed and dozens wounded. Shiite mosques in Baghdad were main targets. 
    (AP, 11/27/12)(SFC, 11/28/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 27, Yasser Arafat's political heirs opened his grave in Ramallah and foreign experts took samples of the iconic Palestinian leader's remains as part of a long-shot attempt, eight years after his mysterious death, to determine whether he was poisoned.
    (AP, 11/27/12)
2012        Nov 27, Russia’s Rossiya-1 channel aired a documentary linking former agricultural minister, Yelena Skrynnik, to a reported $1.2 billion fraud.
    (Econ, 12/1/12, p.57) 
2012        Nov 27, In Russia a world martial arts champion, Rasul Mirzayev (26) from Dagestan, was convicted of involuntary manslaughter but set free after a trial that inflamed the country's ethnic tensions. The verdict led to protests by nationalists outside the Moscow court.
    (AP, 11/27/12)
2012        Nov 27, Syrian warplanes bombed an olive press factory in Idlib, killing at least 20 people and wounding dozens more. The pro-government daily Al Watan published a list of 142 Arab and foreign terrorists it said were killed in Syria in recent months. Rebels reportedly shot down a government helicopter west of Aleppo.
    (AP, 11/27/12)(SFC, 11/28/12, p.A3)(Econ, 12/1/12, p.54)
2012        Nov 27, The World Bank approved a $500 million loan to help support reforms in Tunisia's financial sector to encourage investment and growth.
    (AP, 11/28/12)
2012        Nov 27, The Open Society Justice Initiative said four suspects in the Jul 11, 2010, bombings in Uganda claimed men who identified themselves as US FBI agents beat them up during questioning. Human rights groups have said Kenya and Tanzania circumvented their extradition laws to illegally deport suspects to Uganda where they could be interrogated at length by local and foreign agents without scrutiny.
    (AP, 11/27/12)

2013        Nov 27, In Colorado 3 people were found dead in a burned home in Rye. On Dec 28 Harry Carl Mapps (59) was arrested in a motel in Roland, Ok. He was suspected of stealing check, killing 3 people and setting fire to their home in Rye, Colorado.
    (SFC, 12/30/13, p.A6)
2013        Nov 27, Two Chicago women became the first same-sex couple to marry in Illinois after a federal judge granted an expedited marriage license because of one of the women’s failing health.
    (SFC, 11/28/13, p.A6)
2013        Nov 27, In Afghanistan Taliban militants gunned down and killed six people working working for the French aid group ACTED in the northern province of Faryab.
    (AFP, 11/27/13)
2013        Nov 27, In Australia Simon Gittany was found guilty of throwing his Canadian girlfriend, former ballerina Lisa Harnum, off the balcony of their high-rise Sydney apartment.
    (AFP, 11/27/13)
2013        Nov 27, In Brazil a giant crane collapsed at the construction site of Sao Paulo's Itaquerao stadium killing two workers. An engineer reportedly warned his supervisor that it appeared the ground was not stable enough to support the 500-ton piece of roofing.
    (AP, 11/29/13)(SSFC, 12/1/13, p.A6)
2013        Nov 27, In England a businessman who stabbed a Chinese family of four to death at their home on April 29, 2011, was found guilty of murdering them. Du Anxiang (54), a Chinese citizen, was convicted by a jury at Northampton Crown Court in central England.
    (AFP, 11/27/13)
2013        Nov 27, The first autopsies in Europe to take place without bodies being cut open are to take place after a new machine was unveiled in Sheffield. This will enable many post-mortem examinations to be carried out digitally, saving the body from being cut open with a scalpel.
    (AFP, 11/27/13)
2013        Nov 27, Egypt's prosecutor general ordered 24 detained activists to be held for four days for protesting a newly passed law criminalizing demonstrations without permits. Nearly two dozen Islamist women and girls, some as young as 15, were handed heavy prison sentences for protesting in a court ruling that came a day after police beat and terrorized prominent female activists in a crackdown on secular demonstrators under a tough new anti-protest law. On Dec 7 a court reduced the sentences of 14 young women to one year. The sentences of seven teenage girls were reduced to three months. All 21 were freed under suspended sentences.
    (AP, 11/27/13)(AFP, 12/7/13)
2013        Nov 27, In Germany authorities in Dresden arrested a policeman on suspicion of killing and chopping up a man he met on the Internet who apparently fantasized about being killed and eaten.
    (AP, 11/29/13)
2013        Nov 27, In Iraq police around found the corpses of 19 men  around Baghdad with gunshot wounds to their heads, as other attacks in the country killed at least 27.
    (AFP, 11/27/13)
2013        Nov 27, In Italy three-time former Premier Silvio Berlusconi was ousted from Parliament after two decades as a lawmaker. Losing parliamentary immunity he defiantly calling it "a day of mourning for democracy" and pledged to continue in politics.
    (AP, 11/28/13)(Econ, 11/30/13, p.51)
2013        Nov 27, Japan’s Upper House passed into law a Japanese version of the US National Security Council.
    (SSFC, 12/1/13, p.A6)
2013        Nov 27, Latvia’s prime minister resigned after accepting political responsibility for the collapse of a supermarket roof in the capital that killed 54 people.
    (AP, 11/27/13)
2013        Nov 27, Libya's army clashed with Islamist militants in the eastern city of Benghazi and three soldiers were shot dead.
    (Reuters, 11/27/13)
2013        Nov 27, Niger said it has deactivated a third of its mobile phone connections to curb anonymous phone calls used for criminal activity.
    (AP, 11/27/13)
2013        Nov 27, In Nigeria Islamic police shouted "God is great" as an earthmover shattered 240,000 bottles of beer in a widening crackdown in the northern city of Kano. Alcohol was banned under Shariah law imposed here in 2001 but authorities had turned a blind eye to its consumption in hotels and the Sabon Gari Christian quarter.
    (AP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 27, Five key governors said they have defected to Nigeria’s new coalition opposition in a blow to President Goodluck Jonathan’s governing party and its chances for re-election in 2015.
    (AP, 11/27/13)
2013        Nov 27, In Northern Ireland Liam Adams (58), the brother of Sinn Fein president Gerry Adams, was jailed for 16 years for raping his own daughter in the late 1970s and early 1980s, when she was between 4 and 9 years old.
    (AFP, 11/27/13)
2013        Nov 27, Panama said it is freeing most of the 35 North Korean crew members it detained more than four months ago for smuggling Cuban weapons aboard a ship.
    (Reuters, 11/27/13)
2013        Nov 27, Russian security forces detained 15 suspected Islamist militants in Moscow after confiscating improvised bombs and other weapons in a raid on an apartment.
    (Reuters, 11/27/13)
2013        Nov 27, The Syrian government said it will participate in UN-sponsored peace talks aimed at ending the country's civil war, but insisted that it is not going to the conference to hand over power.
    (AP, 11/27/13)
2013        Nov 27, In Syria a nephew of Lebanon's agriculture minister was killed along with three other Hezbollah fighters in the Qalamoun region north of Damascus.
    (AFP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 27, Thousands of demonstrators massed outside four Thai government ministries, a major state office complex and 24 provincial halls in a widening effort to cripple the administration and oust Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra.
    (Reuters, 11/27/13)
2013        Nov 27, In Tunisia angry protesters set fire to the office of the ruling Islamist party in the neglected Gafsa region, as strikes were observed in areas amid rising discontent and political deadlock. Fifty policeman were injured in clashes with protesters in the marginalised town of Siliana where a general strike degenerated into violence.
    (AFP, 11/27/13)(AP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 27, Turkey and Iraqi Kurdistan signed a package of landmark contracts that will see the semi-autonomous region's oil and gas exported via pipelines through Turkey.
    (Reuters, 11/29/13)
2013        Nov 27, In the Ukraine thousands of people demonstrated in central Kiev for a fifth straight day to protest the government’s decision not to sign an agreement with the EU but to restore ties with Russia instead.
    (AP, 11/27/13)

2014        Nov 27, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a British embassy vehicle in Kabul, killing 5 people including one Briton. Taliban fighters attacked a guesthouse in Kabul. 2 attackers were killed by Nepalese guards and a 3rd blew himself up.
    (Reuters, 11/27/14)(SFC, 11/28/14, p.A5)
2014        Nov 27, Argentina's tax agency charged British bank HSBC with helping more than 4,000 Argentines to commit tax evasion by stashing money in secret Swiss accounts.
    (AFP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, In Argentina a power outage in Buenos Aires temporarily paralyzed some subway stations and put more than 100 traffic lights out of action. A strike led by transportation unions demanding a salary hike also contributed to the traffic chaos.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Britain’s Food Standards Agency (FSA) said some 70 percent of fresh chickens on sale in Britain are contaminated with a food poisoning bug.
    (AFP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Britain's main political parties agreed to grant Scotland new tax and spending powers to fulfill a promise of greater autonomy made as politicians scrambled to persuade Scots to reject independence in a recent referendum.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, The BBC reported that billionaire hedge fund manager Chris Hohn has been ordered to pay his estranged wife Jamie Cooper-Hohn 337 million pounds ($530 million) in one of the largest divorce settlements in British legal history.
    (Reuters, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, British police arrested Lithuanian builder Viktoras Bruzas (38) after two people were stabbed to death in Surrey. Another man in his 30s has been arrested in Walton-on-Thames on suspicion on conspiracy to commit murder.
    (AFP, 11/27/14)(AFP, 11/28/14)
2014        Nov 27, British detective writer P. D. James (b.1920) died at home in Oxford. She created the best-selling series featuring poetry-writing sleuth Adam Dalgliesh. Her first novel, "Cover Her Face," was published in 1962.
    (AFP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Cameroonian authorities freed General Abdoulaye Miskine, a rebel leader from Central African Republic, two days after a group of 26 hostages including a Polish Catholic priest were released by his faction.
    (Reuters, 11/28/14)
2014        Nov 27, In China at least 11 people were killed in the second deadly coal mine accident to hit the country in two days. 19 people were working in a mine in the southern province of Guizhou when an explosion ripped through the shaft early this morning.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, In southern China a man in his 20s stabbed several people at the entrance to a supermarket in Nanning. Nine people were rushed to the hospital with two seriously injured.
    (Reuters, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, EU governments agreed to add 13 Ukrainian separatists and five organizations to the bloc's sanctions list.
    (Reuters, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, French President Francois Hollande said France will eliminate export credits for energy projects in developing countries which involve coal, the most polluting fossil fuel.
    (Reuters, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, In Greece a 24-hour general strike shut down services across the country, forcing flight cancellations and school closures and leaving state hospitals functioning with emergency staff, while tens of thousands of protesters marched in central Athens.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Guyana officials said five local men were lured to neighboring Suriname with promises of good wages, but ended up working in slave-like conditions. The men managed to escape to Suriname's coastal capital and alerted police.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Hong Kong police arrested 11 more people in a second night of scuffles with demonstrators angry at having their 2-month-old pro-democracy protest camp in a volatile neighborhood shut down.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, In the Indian-held portion of Kashmir heavily armed militants fought a fierce gunbattle with soldiers. 4 civilians were among the 10 dead.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, In Iraq militants from the Islamic State group blocked all mobile phone networks in Mosul, accusing informants in the city of tipping off coalition forces to their whereabouts.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Israel's Shin Bet security service said it had uncovered a vast Hamas network in the West Bank that was planning large-scale attacks against Israelis in Jerusalem. Shin Bet said it has arrested more than 30 Hamas militants who planned to kidnap Israelis and carry out attacks against Jerusalem's light rail and its largest soccer stadium, among other targets.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Japan’s Toyota Motor Corp. recalled more than 40,000 vehicles as part of a worldwide scare over defective air bags and is investigating a new type of air bag problem that could lead to further recalls.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Malaysia's leader said that a colonial-era law curbing free speech will be retained and strengthened, backpedaling on a pledge two years ago to abolish the 1948 Sedition Act as part of political reforms.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Mexico's Pres. Enrique Pena Nieto announced a nationwide anti-crime plan that would allow Congress to dissolve local governments infiltrated by drug gangs and give state authorities control over often-corrupt municipal police.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Mexican authorities said they have found the partly burned bodies of 11 men dumped on the side of a road in Guerrero state.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, It was reported that Mexican billionaire Carlos Slim will invest 500 million euros ($624 million) in Spanish construction firm FCC and receive a controlling stake in the company.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Moldova's Appeals Court ruled that a pro-Russian party cannot compete in Nov 30 parliamentary elections on the grounds it is illegally funded from abroad. The court ruled against Patria, led by Renato Usatii, who does business with Russia's state railways.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, In Nepal eight South Asian heads of state attending their first summit in three years reached a deal on energy sharing, but failed on two other economic agreements during a retreat where Indian and Pakistan leaders shook hands.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, In northeast Nigeria a roadside bomb tore through a bus station near a busy junction, killing 40 people including five soldiers at the Marabi-Mubi junction.
    (Reuters, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Portuguese police said they have seized around 20 metric tons of hashish from a fishing vessel at sea, despite the crew's efforts to sink the ship by exploding a drum of gas.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Romania's ruling coalition splintered as an ethnic Hungarian party said it would quit the government in the wake of PM Victor Ponta's surprise defeat in this month's presidential election.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Saudi Arabia led the 12-member OPEC oil ministers meeting in Austria. OPEC opted to keep their production target at 30 million barrels a day, despite an oversupply of crude and plunging prices.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Serbian lawyers rallied outside the government headquarters saying they have asked for European Union help to resolve a more than two-month old dispute with the government that has practically paralyzed the judiciary in the country, which is seeking to join the bloc.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Spain's parliament approved two long-delayed anti-corruption laws, a day after a minister became the first government casualty in a series of alleged graft cases.
    (Reuters, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Syrian government warplanes kept up air raids on the northern city of Raqqa, the de facto capital of the Islamic State group, killing at least 7 people.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Thailand's interim parliament gave initial approval to a bill banning commercial surrogacy, the practice of hiring a woman to carry a fetus to term.
    (AP, 11/28/14)
2014        Nov 27, In eastern Ukraine a boy (12) and a woman (55) were killed by shelling in the separatist stronghold of Donetsk.
    (AP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 27, Venezuela reported that at least 13 prisoners have died of drug overdoses after inmates at the overcrowded David Viloria penitentiary stormed an infirmary on Nov 24 during protests demanding better living conditions. On Nov 28 authorities confirmed 35 deaths. On Dec 11 the number of dead was raised to 48.
    (AP, 11/27/14)(AP, 11/28/14)(SFC, 12/12/14, p.A2)

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