Today in History - November 28

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587        Nov 28, Treaty of Andelot: King Guntram took cousin Childebert II as heir.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1058        Nov 28, Kazimierz I Restaurator (b.1015), grand duke of Poland (1034-58), died. He succeeded in reuniting the central Polish lands under the hegemony of the Holy Roman Empire, but he was never crowned king.
    (MC, 11/28/01)(www.infoplease.com)

1340        Nov 28, In the Battle of Salado, Spain, the last Moor invasion was driven back.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1493        Nov 28, Christopher Columbus arrived La Navidad, Hispaniola. He found the fort burned and his men from the 1st voyage dead. According to the account of Guacanagari, the local chief who had befriended Columbus on the first voyage, the men at Navidad had fallen to arguing among themselves over women and gold.
    (http://www1.minn.net/~keithp/v2.htm)

1499        Nov 28, Edward Plantagenet, 18th Count of Warwick, was beheaded.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1503        Nov 28, Giuliano della Rovere (1443-1513) was crowned as Pope Julius II.
    (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08562a.htm)

1520        Nov 28, Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean after passing through the South American strait, the straits of Magellan, and entered the “Sea of the South."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.177)(AP, 11/28/97)

1628        Nov 28, John Bunyan, English preacher and writer who wrote “Pilgrim’s Progress," was born.
    (HN, 11/28/98)

1632        Nov 28, Jean-Baptiste Lully, composer, was born in Florence, Italy. [see Feb 28]
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1660        Nov 28, The London Royal Society formed. Founding members included astronomer Christopher Wren, William Petty, Robert Boyle, John Wilkins and Lawrence Rooke.
    (www.royalsoc.ac.uk/page.asp?id=2176)(Econ, 6/7/08, p.98)

1670        Nov 28, Pierre Corneille's "Tite et Berenice," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1678        Nov 28, England's King Charles II accused his wife, Catherine of Braganza, of treason. Her crime? She had yet to bear him children.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1680        Nov 28 Giovanni "Gian" Lorenzo Bernini (b.Dec 7,1598), Sculptor, Painter, Architect, Italian, the greatest sculptor of the 17th century, died.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1695        Nov 28, Giovanni Paulo Colonna (58), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1729        Nov 28, Natchez Indians massacred most of the 300 French settlers and soldiers at Fort Rosalie, Louisiana.
    (HN, 11/28/98)

1745        Nov 28-29, French troops attacked Indians at Saratoga, NY.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1757        Nov 28, William Blake (1757-1827), English artist-printer, was born in London. He wrote “Songs of Innocence" and “The Marriage of Heaven and Hell." His last book was “Jerusalem," of which he made only five copies. In 1996 Peter Ackroyd published: “Blake: A Biography."
    (LSA,Spg,1995,p.17)(WUD,1994,p.155)(WSJ,4/9/96,p.A16)(WSJ,4/2397,p.A16)(HN, 11/28/98)

1775        Nov 28, The 2nd Continental Congress formally established the US Navy.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1776        Nov 28, Washington and his troops crossed the Delaware River.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1784        Nov 28, Ferdinand Reis, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1785        Nov 28, William Whipple (b. Jan 14, 1730), died. He was a Judge, Jurist, Revolutionary and Declaration of Independence signer.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1794        Nov 28, Friedrich WLGA von Steuben (64), Prussian-US inspector-general of Washington’s army, died in Oneida, NY. Baron von Steuben, a former Prussian captain, had arrived in Portsmouth, New Hampshire in 1777, and despite false credentials, was hired to drill and train Washington’s Continental Army. His manual of arms, known as the “Blue Book," shaped basic training for American recruits for generations to come. In 2008 Paul Lockhart authored “The Drillmaster of Valley Forge: The Baron de Steuben and the Making of the American Army."
    (WSJ, 11/8/08, p.W9)(WSJ, 11/8/08, p.W9)

1795        Nov 28, US paid $800,000 and a frigate as tribute to Algiers and Tunis.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1805        Nov 28, John Stephens, US archaeologist, was born. He founded the study of Central America.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1806        Nov 28, French forces led by Joachim Murat entered Warsaw.
    (AP, 11/28/06)

1815        Nov 28, Johann Peter Salomon (70), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1820        Nov 28, Friedrich Engels (d.1895), German social philosopher; Marx's collaborator, was born.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.257)(MC, 11/28/01)

1829        Nov 28, Anton Rubinstein (d.1894), pianist and composer (Omitri Doskoy), was born in Vykhvatinetz, Podolia. He was the teacher of Tchaikovsky and considered the only rival of Liszt. His work included 6 symphonies, dozens of concertos and chamber works, and 20 operas, of which only “The Demon" has shown staying power. It was based on Lermontov’s Byronic poem.
    (WSJ, 7/16/96, p.A9)(MC, 11/28/01)

1833        Nov 28, Charles Darwin rode through Las Pietras while returning to Montevideo.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1837        Nov 28, John Wesley Hyatt (d.1920), inventor (celluloid), was born.
    (MC, 11/28/01)(ON, 11/03, p.4)

1847        Nov 28, In Bologna the church San Francisco dei Minori Conventuali opened with the premier of Rossini's "Tantum Ergo."
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1853        Nov 28, Olympia was established as capital of the Washington Territory.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1859        Nov 28, Washington Irving (b. Apr 3,1783) American essayist, author, historian, biographer, attorney/lawyer, died. He was buried in the Hudson Valley Old Dutch Church cemetery in Tarrytown. He was born in New York City and wrote the "Legend of Sleepy Hollow" and "Rip Van Winkle." In 2007 Andrew Burstein authored “The Original Knickerbocker: The Life of Washington Irving."
    (USAT, 11/12/99, p.2D)(WSJ, 2/27/07, p.D5)

1861        Nov 28, The Confederate Congress admitted Missouri to the Confederacy, although Missouri had not yet seceded from the Union.
    (DT net, 11/28/97) (HN, 11/28/98)

1862        Nov 28, The Battle at Cane Hill, Arkansas, left 475 casualties. In late November, Maj. Gen. Thomas C. Hindman detached Brig. Gen. John Marmaduke's cavalry from Van Buren north to occupy the Cane Hill area. Hearing of this movement, Brig. Gen. James Blunt advanced to meet Marmaduke's command and destroy it, if possible. The Union vanguard encountered Col. Joe Shelby's brigade, which fought a delaying action to protect their supply trains. Shelby gradually gave ground until establishing a strong defensive perimeter on Cove Creek where he repulsed a determined attack. The Federals withdrew to Cane Hill, while the Confederates returned to Van Buren.
    (http://www2.cr.nps.gov/abpp/battles/ar004.htm)
1862        Nov 28, Battle of Hooly Spring, Ms.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1864        Nov 28, 3rd day of Battles at Waynesboro and Jones's Plantation, Georgia.
    (MC, 11/28/01)
1864        Nov 28, Battle of New Creek, WV, (Rosser's Raid, Ft. Kelly).
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1866        Nov 28, Henry Bacon, architect (Lincoln Memorial), was born.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1868        Nov 28, Mt. Etna in Sicily erupted violently.
    (HN, 11/28/98)

1872        Nov 28, The Modoc War of 1872-73 began in Siskiyou County, northern California when fighting broke out between Modoc Chief Captain Jack and a cavalry detail led by Captain James Jackson. At Lava Beds National Monument in northern California 52 [60] Modoc warriors held off over 1,000 US Army troops for five months. The 4 year conflict was described in the 1997 book “Hell with the Fire Out" by Arthur Quinn, a re-creation of the war from eye-witness accounts.
    (SFC,10/16/96,zz1p.1)(SFEC, 4/6/97, BR p.5)(SFEC, 10/25/98, p.T9)(HN, 11/28/98)

1881        Nov 28, Stefan Zweig (d.1942), poet, essayist, dramatist (Beware of Pity), was born in Vienna, Austria.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stefan_Zweig)

1887        Nov 28, Ernst Roehm, early Nazi and German staff member, later Bolivian leader, was born.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1891        Nov 28, The National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (now IBEW) was founded in St. Louis, home of Local 1.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1895        Nov 28, Jose Iturbi, pianist (Pequena danza Espanola), was born in Valencia, Spain.
    (MC, 11/28/01)
1895        Nov 28, America's first auto race between gasoline-powered automobiles was staged on Thanksgiving Day. The race, sponsored by the Chicago Times Herald, was to be run along a 52-mile course of muddy, frozen streets from Jackson Park to Waukegan, Illinois. The race attracted 80 entries but only six starters. James Franklin Duryea drove his brother’s car (Charles Edgar Duryea) in the first automobile race from Chicago to Waukegan over 52 miles of snowy roads at an average 7.5 mph. He collected $2,000 from the Chicago Times-Herald. It took him 7 hours and 53 minutes to complete the round trip. The average speed was 7 mph. 80 cars entered the race, 6 started and 2 finished. J. Frank Duryea, driving the Duryea at an average speed of 5 mph, crossed the finish line 10 hours and 23 minutes after the start. One other participant was forced to drop out of the race, suffering from hypothermia.
    (SFC, 5/17/97, p.E3)(AP, 11/28/97)(DT net, 11/28/97)(HNPD, 11/28/98)

1899        Nov 28, The British were victorious over the Boers at Modder River.
    (HN, 11/28/98)

1901        Nov 28, Gustav Mahler's 4th Symphony in G premiered.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1904        Nov 28, Nancy Mitford, English author (Love in a Cold Climate), was born. The eldest of 7 Mitford children was born to Lord and Lady Redesdale. In 2001 Mary S. Lovell authored “The Sisters: The Saga of the Mitford Family." Jessica Mitford, author of “The American Way of Death" (1963) died in 1996.
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.M1)(MC, 11/28/01)

1905        Nov 28, Arthur Griffith formed Sinn Fein in Dublin. Sinn Fein is Gaelic for "we ourselves," but also for "ourselves alone." This political party became the unofficial political wing of militant Irish groups in their struggle against British rule.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1906        Nov 28, Philadelphia Jack O'Brien and Tommy Burns fought to no decision in a 20-round draw in a world heavyweight title bout in Los Angeles.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1907        Nov 28, Alberto Moravia, Italian novelist, novelist, was born. His work included “The Conformist" and “Conjugal Love."
    (HN, 11/28/00)
1907        Nov 28, Future movie producer Louis B. Mayer opened his first movie theater, in Haverhill, Mass.
    (AP, 11/28/07)

1908        Nov 28, Claude Levi-Strauss, French anthropologist, was born.
    (HN, 11/28/98)
1908        Nov 28, 154 men died in a coal mine explosion at Marianna, Pa.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1910        Nov 28, In San Francisco John Edwards, knows as the “King of the Opium Ring," was arrested at his home at 133 Fillmore. Drugs found included 40 pounds of crude opium. His arrest followed a police raid in Chinatown on Nov 26 in which 210 persons were arrested.
    (SSFC, 11/28/10, p.50)

1911        Nov 28, Zapata proclaimed Plan of Ayala, Mexico.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1912        Nov 28, Albanian delegates at Vlora declared the independence of Albania and established a provisional government. This marked Albania’s Independence Day.
    (www, Albania, 1998)(SSFC, 11/25/12, p.H3)

1913        Nov 28, Heavyweight Jack Johnson KO’d Andre Spaul in Paris.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1916        Nov 28, Vyes Theriault, French-Canadian author, novelist, was born.
    (HN, 11/28/00)
1916        Nov 28, Hiram Bingham, American explorer, wrote a letter to Gilbert H. Graham, the president of National Geographic, in which he stated that artifacts from his 3rd expedition to Peru belonged to the Peruvian government, which expected their return in 18 months. A dispute over the return of artifacts from Yale back to Peru continued in 2006. In 2010 Yale made arrangements to return the collection in stages over the next 2 years.
    (SFC, 3/10/06, p.A12)(Econ, 11/27/10, p.47)
1916        Nov 28, First (German) air attack on London.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1917        Nov 28, Fred and Adele Astaire debut on Broadway in the Sigmund Romberg revue "Over the Top".
    (DT net, 11/28/97)(MC, 11/28/01)

1918        Nov 28, Kaiser Wilhelm of Prussia and Germany, abdicated.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1919        Nov 28, American-born Lady Astor was elected the first female member of the British Parliament.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)(HN, 11/28/98)

1920        Nov 28, The film "The Mark of Zorro" with Douglas Fairbanks opened in NYC at the Capitol Theater. It was based on “The Curse of Capistrano, a story by Johnston McCulley, a NY journalist and pulp magazine writer.
    (www.silentsaregolden.com/markofzorroreview.html)(SSFC, 5/8/05, p.B4)

1922        Nov 28, Capt. Cyril Turner of the Royal Air Force gave the first public skywriting exhibition, spelling out, "Hello U-S-A. Call Vanderbilt 7200" over New York's Times Square. 47,000 called.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1922        Nov 28, In Greece six top politicians and soldiers were executed one day after being convicted of high treason following a crushing military defeat by Turkey. In 2010 the Greek Supreme Court posthumously acquitted the six executed politicians and soldiers. 
    (AP, 10/21/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1922_in_Greece)

1925        Nov 28, The "WSM Barn Dance", later known as "The Grand Ole Opry" (1927), Nashville’s famed home of country music, made its radio debut on station WSM. The call letters came from the slogan "We Shield Millions" of sponsor National Life and Accident Insurance Co. Edwin Craig, a wireless buff with a stake in the insurance company, had recently sold the radio idea to the insurance board. In 1999 Charles K. Wolfe published "A Good Natured Riot: The Birth of the Grand Ole Opry." In 2007 Craig Havighurst authored “Air Castle of the South."
    (SFC, 7/20/96, p.E4)(AP, 11/28/97)(WSJ, 7/23/99, p.W7)(WSJ, 10/17/07, p.D9)

1929        Nov 28, Berry Gordy, Jr., recording executive, novelist, was born.
    (HN, 11/28/00)
1929        Nov 28, Commander Richard E. Byrd embarked on the first South Pole flight.
    (NPub, 2002, p.12)

1930        Nov 28, Howard Hanson's 2nd Symphony "Romantic," premiered.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1932        Nov 28, Benjamin William Bova, US sci-fi author (Exiled from Earth), was born.
    (MC, 11/28/01)
1932        Nov 28, Groucho Marx performed on radio for the first time this day. Using his fast-paced, ingenious patter, he invented a new form of comedy that delighted audiences from coast to coast.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1932        Nov 28, France & USSR signed not-attack treaty.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1934        Nov 28, Churchill made a speech in Parliament and warned of German aircraft bombing London.
    (ON, 11/05, p.2)

1935        Nov 28, The German Reich declared all men ages 18 to 45 as army reservists.
    (HN, 11/28/98)

1936        Nov 28, "Pennies From Heaven" hits #1 on the pop singles chart by Bing Crosby.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1937        Nov 28, Franco blockaded the Spanish coast.
    (HN, 11/28/98)

1939        Nov 28, Nazi Gov-Gen of Poland, Hans Frank organized Judenrat.
    (MC, 11/28/01)
1939        Nov 28, USSR scraped its non-aggression pact with Finland.
    (HN, 11/28/98)
1939        Nov 28, James A. Naismith (78), creator of basketball, died.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1941        Nov 28, Eddy Arnold and Sally Katherine wed.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1941        Nov 28, The aircraft carrier USS Enterprise departed Pearl Harbor to deliver F4F Wildcat fighters to Wake Island. This mission saved the carrier from destruction when the Japanese attacked.
    (HN, 11/28/98)
1941        Nov 28, German troops vacated Rostov.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1942        Nov 28, 491 people died in a fire that destroyed the Cocoanut Grove nightclub in Boston. The cause of the fire was never officially determined, though many blamed a busboy who had survived the blaze.
    (AP, 11/28/97)(DT net, 11/28/97)

1943        Nov 28, President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin met in Tehran, Iran, to map out strategy during World War II.
    (AP, 11/28/97)(DT net, 11/28/97)(HN, 11/28/98)

1944        Nov 28, Rita Mae Brown, novelist, was born.
    (HN, 11/28/00)
1944        Nov 28, The MGM musical film "Meet Me In St. Louis," starring Judy Garland, opened in NYC.
    (AP, 11/28/02)
1944        Nov 28, The first Allied supplies reached Antwerp by convoy.
    (HN, 11/28/98)

1945        Nov 28, Deborah Kerr wed Anthony Bartley.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1945        Nov 28, Dwight Filley Davis (b.Jul 5, 1879) died at age 66. He was a Hall of Famer, Tennis Player, Presidential Aide, Sec of War under Coolidge and donated tennis's Davis Cup: 1945.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1947        Nov 28, Jacques-Philippe Leclerc (44), WW II hero (liberator of Paris), died.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1948        Nov 28, "Hopalong Cassidy" TV western premiered on NBC television [see Jun 24, 1949].
    (www.pugetsoundradio.com/cgi-bin/forum/Blah.pl?m-1227901966/)
1948        Nov 28, The Polaroid Land Camera, created by Dr. Edwin Land, went on sale in Boston.
    (HN, 11/28/01)

1949        Nov 28, Victor Ostrovsky, Canadian-Israeli, Mossad agent (By Way of Deception), was born.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1950        Nov 28, Ed Harris, actor (Right Stuff, Swing Shift, Walker, Coma), was born in Tenafly, NJ.
    (MC, 11/28/01)
1950        Nov 28, In Korea, 200,000 Communist troops launched attack on UN forces.
    (HN, 11/28/98)

1951        Nov 28, John Van Druten's "I am a Camera," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1953        Nov 28, "Wish You Were Here" closed at Imperial Theater NYC after 597 performances.
    (MC, 11/28/01)
1953        Nov 28, New York City began 11 days without newspapers when a strike of photoengravers shut down publication. Sales increased for magazines and paperback books.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1954        Nov 28, Enrico Fermi (53), Italian-US physicist (Nobel 1938), died. Fermi led the team of international scientists to produce the first nuclear chain reaction, giving birth to the atomic bomb.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1957        Nov 28, Zita Aldona Ratnikas, later proud wife to Rick Adair and mother to Antanas and Kristina Adair, was born in Detroit. She later established local renown in family home movies and Lithuanian folk dancing in Dearborn. The family moved to Traverse City where Zita settled in as a minor shaker, tennis aficionado, cherry picker and soccer mom.
    (eyewitness)
1957        Nov 28, "Look Homeward, Angel" with Anthony Perkins premiered in NYC.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)(MC, 11/28/01)

1958        Nov 28, The US reported the first full-range firing of an ICBM
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1958        Nov 28, Chad, Gabon and Middle Congo, became autonomous republics within the French community. The Middle Congo province of French Equatorial Africa voted to proclaim itself independent as the Congo Republic (Brazzaville).
    (AP, 11/28/97)

1959        Nov 28, Under a directive by Archbishop John J. Mitty, Catholics were urged to pray for rain as Northern California went through its 70th dry day. Beginning today the special prayer “oratio ad petendum pluviam" would be included in all Masses until the drought ends.
    (SSFC, 11/22/09, DB p.50)

1960        Nov 28, CBS radio expands hourly news coverage from 5 to 10 minutes.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1960        Nov 28, "Are You Lonesome Tonight" by Elvis Presley peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart and stayed there for six weeks; Elvis also released a version of that song where he breaks up into laughter.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1960        Nov 28, "Last Date" by Floyd Cramer peaked at #2 on the pop singles chart.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1960        Nov 28, "New Orleans" by US Bonds peaked at #6 on the pop singles chart.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1960        Nov 28, "Ol' MacDonald" by Frank Sinatra peaked at #25 on the pop singles chart.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1960        Nov 28, Richard N. Wright (52), US author (Native son), died in Paris France.
    (MC, 11/28/01)
1960        Nov 28, The Islamic Republic of Mauritania gained independence.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)

1961        Nov 28, Ernie Davis became the first African American to win the Heisman Trophy.
    (HN, 11/28/98)

1962        Nov 28, Queen Wilhelmina of Netherlands (b.Aug 31 1880) died at age 82. She reigned from 1890-1947.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1963        Nov 28, In The Flintstones episode titled "KLEPTOMANIAC PEBBLES", Pebbles' tendency to take anything that isn't nailed down is exploited by jewel thief Baffles Gravel.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1963        Nov 28, R.C., "She Loves You" by the Beatles returned to #1 on the UK pop singles chart.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1963        Nov 28, The first million copy record prior to release "I Want to Hold Your Hand".
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1963        Nov 28, Linda Darnell divorced Merle Robertson.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1963        Nov 28, The Crusher beat Verne Gagne in St. Paul, to become NWA champ.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1963        Nov 28, Just six days after the assassination of President Kennedy, President Johnson announced that the Space Center at Cape Canaveral, Florida, would be renamed "The John F. Kennedy Space Center." Residents voted in 1973 to change the name back to Cape Canaveral.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)(HN, 11/28/98)

1964        Nov 28, Willie Nelson made his debut performance at the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1964        Nov 28, "Leader Of The Pack" by The Shangri-Las peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart; it was parodied into "Leader Of The Laundromat" by The Detergents.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1964        Nov 28, "You Really Got Me" by The Kinks peaked at #7 on the pop singles chart.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1964        Nov 28, "Ask Me" by Elvis Presley peaked at #12 on the pop singles chart.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1964        Nov 28, The US Mariner IV space probe was launched from Cape Kennedy on a course to Mars. It later flew by Mars in Jul 1965 and saw craters but no canals.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A14)(AP, 11/28/97)

1966        Nov 28, US LP release: “The Beatles Girls," instrumental LP by George Martin.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1966        Nov 28, Several gold records were certified this day. The Righteous Brothers get one for their album "Soul and Inspiration." The Monkees earn their third gold record for "I'm a Believer," which will be Number One for seven weeks. And a gold record goes to the New Vaudeville band for their '20s Rudy Vallee-style novelty song, "Winchester Cathedral."
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1966        Nov 28, Dominican Republic adopts constitution.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1967        Nov 28, Actress-model Anna Nicole Smith (d.2007) was born Vickie Lynn Hogan in Houston.
    (AP, 11/28/07)
1967        Nov 28, The first pulsating radio source (pulsar) was detected.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1967        Nov 28, Yemen gained independence from Britain.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)

1968        Nov 28, In London, England, John Lennon and Yoko Ono appeared at the Marylebone Magistrates' Court. John pleaded guilty to possession of cannabis resin and was fined 150 pounds plus 20 guineas costs.
    (http://tinyurl.com/qjbdgb)

1969        Nov 28, The Rolling Stones, English rock band, released its "Let It Bleed" album.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Let_It_Bleed)

1970        Nov 28, "I Hear You Knocking" by Dave Edmunds" peaked at #1 on the U.K. pop singles chart and stayed there for seven weeks.
    {Pop&Rock, Britain}
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I_Hear_You_Knocking)
1970        Nov 28, "Montego Bay" by Bobby Bloom peaked at #8 on the pop singles chart.
    {Pop&Rock, USA}
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_1970s_one-hit_wonders_in_the_United_States)

1971        Nov 28, The Anglican Bishop of Hong Kong ordained the first two women as priests.
    (HN, 11/28/98)(http://trushare.com/Mascall%20Women%20Priests.htm)
1971         Nov 28, In Uruguay the Colorado candidate, Juan Maria Bordaberry, and the Blanco candidate were virtually tied. In February 1972 the Electoral Court proclaimed Bordaberry president, and he began a five-year term on March 1.
    (www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/GeogHist/histories/history/hiscountries/U/uruguay.html)

1973        Nov 28, Arab League summit in Algiers recognized Palestine.
    (www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/arabsum73.html)

1974        Nov 28, John Lennon (1940-1980) made what would become his last concert appearance at an Elton John concert at New York's Madison Square Garden. Lennon joined Elton John to sing "Whatever Gets You Through the Night", "Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds", as well as "I Saw Her Standing There". Backstage, Lennon has a brief reunion with Yoko Ono, from whom he'd been separated for over a year.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Lennon)
1974        Nov 28, Konstantin Melnikov (b.1890), Russian architect, died. His Melnikov House in Moscow was built from 1927-1931 with fees from commissions.
    (WSJ, 10/3/07, p.D10)(www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Melnikov_House.html)

1975        Nov 28, "The Edge Of Night", TV Daytime Soap; last aired on CBS who wanted to expand one of its soaps to an hour; "Edge" moved to ABC, which had a time slot available.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Edge_of_Night)
1975        Nov 28, Wings release "Venus & Mars/Rock Show" medley.
    (http://beatles.ncf.ca/paul.html)
1975        Nov 28, President Ford nominated Federal Judge John Paul Stevens to the US Supreme Court seat vacated by William O. Douglas.
    (AP, 11/28/97)
1975        Nov 28, The Portuguese colonial rule collapsed and East Timor proclaimed independence, but 10 days later it was invaded by Indonesia.
    (SFC, 7/21/96, zone 1, p.8)(SFC, 10/16/96, p.A18)

1976        Nov 28, In San Francisco Bill Graham presented the Band and guests in "The Last Waltz" at Winterland plus a turkey dinner for the capacity crowd. The last concert of The Band took place at Winterland and was made into a film by Martin Scorsese that included Bob Dylan, Neil Diamond and Muddy Waters.
    (SFC,12/13/97, p.A15)(SFEC, 6/28/98, DB p.52)
1976        Nov 28, Elvis Presley preformed a concert at the Cow Palace in Daly City, Ca.
    (www.elvispresleymusic.com.au/pictures/1976_nov_28.html)
1976        Nov 28, Rosalind Russell (b.1907), film and stage actress, died in Beverly Hills, Ca.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosalind_Russell)

1977        Nov 28, "Elvis", the stage musical, starring P.J. Proby, Shakin' Stevens, and Timothy Whitnall playing The King at three different stages of his life, opened in London.
    (http://web.ukonline.co.uk/forevershakin/concerts/1977-79ElvisMusical/)
1977        Nov 28, "The Honeymooners Christmas," directed by Jackie Gleason, aired on TV.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0445437/)
1977        Nov 28, Trevor Bardette (b. 1902), American film and TV actor, died. His over 172 movies and seventy-two TV appearances included Old Man Clanton in Wyatt Earp.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trevor_Bardette)

1978        Nov 28, Armida Wiltsey (40) of Lafayette, Ca., was found raped and strangled near the Lafayette Reservoir. In 2003 DNA evidence linked Darryl Kemp, a Texas inmate, to the murder. Kemp had been recently paroled from prison, where he served time for killing a nurse in 1957. His death sentence in that case was commuted when the death penalty was declared unconstitutional in 1972.  In late 2008 a jury said that Kemp should be executed.
    (SFC, 10/4/03, p.A15)(SFC, 1/1/09, p.B3)

1979        Nov 28, "Young Maverick", a TV Western Drama, made its debut on CBS.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0752244/)
1979        Nov 28, An Air New Zealand DC10 en route to the South Pole crashed into Mount Erebus in Antarctica, killing all 257 people aboard.
    (www.planecrashinfo.com/cvr791128.htm)

1980        Nov 28, In northern California Diane Marie O’Connell (22) of San Jose and Shauna May (23) of San Francisco, were shot to death on Mount Wittenburg at Point Reyes. David Joseph Carpenter was arrested in May 1981. In 1984 he was convicted of 2 murders in Santa Cruz and sentenced to death. In 1988 he was convicted of 4 killings in Marin County and again sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 2/24/10, p.A7)

1981        Nov 28, "Open All Night" (TV Comedy) debut on ABC.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0081913/)
1981        Nov 28, Bear Bryant of the Univ. of Alabama won his 315th game to out distance Alonzo Stagg & become college football's winningest coach.
    (http://bryantmuseum.ua.edu/)

1982        Nov 28, "Pirates of Penzance" closed at Uris Theater, NYC, after 772 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4088)
1982        Nov 28, The United States led by John McEnroe beat France 4-1 to win the Davis Cup.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982_Davis_Cup)

1983        Nov 28, The space shuttle Columbia blasted into orbit, carrying six astronauts who conducted experiments using the $1 billion Spacelab in the shuttle's cargo bay.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/STS-9)
1983        Nov 28, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir met with President Reagan at the White House to discuss ways to strengthen U.S.-Israeli military and economic ties.
    (www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/speeches/1983/112983b.htm)

1984        Nov 28, Republican Robert Dole was elected Senate majority leader.
    (HN, 11/28/98)
1984        Nov 28, Hans Speidel (b.1897), German general and NATO-supreme commander (1957-63), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Speidel)

1985        Nov 28, NBC's Ahmad Rashad heard the acceptance of his marriage proposal from Phylicia Ayers-Allen during halftime of the Detroit Lions-New York Jets football game.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmad_Rashad)
1985        Nov 28, In Lake Worth, Texas, two men and a teenager (15) died as a result of a briefcase bomb on Thanksgiving Day. Another man and woman were injured by the explosion. In 2009 Michael Roy Toney (43) was released from prison after his 1999 conviction in the bombing was overturned.
    (www.justicedenied.org/michaeltoney.htm)(SFC, 9/4/09, p.A7)
1985        Nov 28, The Irish Senate approved the Anglo-Irish accord concerning Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 11/28/00)

1986        Nov 28, The United States under the Reagan administration violated ceilings in the unratified SALT II nuclear arms treaty for the first time as another Air Force B-52 bomber capable of carrying atomic-tipped cruise missiles became operational.
    (www.csd.uwo.ca/~pettypi/elevon/baugher_us/b052-22.html)

1987        Nov 28, A South African Airways Boeing 747 crashed into the Indian Ocean with the loss of all 159 people aboard.
    (AP, 11/28/97)

1988        Nov 28, Picasso's "Acrobat & Harlequin" sold for $37.6 million at auction in England.
    (www.japaninc.com/article.php?articleID=211)(http://tinyurl.com/fgt8v)
1988        Nov 28, President-elect Bush announced that Marlin Fitzwater, President Reagan's chief spokesman, was staying on for his administration.
    (AP, 11/28/98)
1988        Nov 28, Major U.S. banks boosted their prime lending rates half a percentage point to 10.5 percent.
    (AP, 11/28/98)

1989        Nov 28, In San Francisco a 16-story crane snapped apart during the morning rush hour. It plunged to the pavement at the 20-story Federal Home Loan Bank Board building at California and Kearny. 4 workers were killed and a bus driver was crushed. 20 others were injured.
    (SSFC, 11/23/14, DB p.42)
1989        Nov 28, Romanian gymnast Nadia Comaneci arrived in New York after escaping her homeland by way of Hungary.
    (AP, 11/28/99)

1990        Nov 28, Tamara De Treaux (b.1959), movie actress, played E.T.; 31 in. tall, died.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0211972/)
1990        Nov 28, Margaret Thatcher resigned as prime minister of Britain during an audience with Queen Elizabeth II, who conferred the premiership on John Major.
    (AP, 11/28/97)

1991        Nov 28, Ryan Thomas (10), hero, AIDS victim who won a federal court battle to stay in kindergarten class, died.
    (www.msu.edu/~daggy/cop/bkofdead/obits-te.htm)
1991        Nov 28, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev expressed unhappiness over reports that the United States might move toward diplomatic recognition of Ukraine after the republic's upcoming independence referendum.
    (AP, 11/28/01)

1992        Nov 28, "I Will Always Love You" by Whitney Houston hit #1 on the pop singles chart and stayed there 14 weeks. Her song is from the soundtrack of "The Bodyguard" was written by singer/songwriter Dolly Parton.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1992        Nov 28, "Layla" by Eric Clapton reentered the chart and peaked at #12 on the pop singles chart.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1992        Nov 28, "Keep The Faith" by Bon Jovi hit #29 on the pop singles chart.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1992        Nov 28, "Wicked" by Ice Cube peaked at #55 on the pop singles chart.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1992        Nov 28, In Bosnia-Herzegovina, a breakthrough in the relief effort came with the delivery of 137 tons of food and supplies to the town of Srebrenica.
    (AP, 11/28/97)
1992        Nov 28, In King William's Town, South Africa, four people were killed, about 20 injured, when black militant gunmen attacked a country club.
    (AP, 11/28/97)

1993        Nov 28, Garry Moore (b.Jan 31, 1915) game show and variety show host, died at 78 on South Carolina's Hilton Head island. He was born in Baltimore as Thomas Garrison Morfit. His TV shows included the Garry Moore Show, I've Got a Secret, To Tell the Truth.
    (AP, 11/28/98)(www.answers.com/topic/garry-moore)
1993        Nov 28, The British government confirmed reports of contacts with the Irish Republican Army that were aimed at ending the violence in British-ruled Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 11/28/98)
1993        Nov 28, Carlos Roberto Reina (1926-2003) was elected president of Honduras with promises to crack down on corruption and reduce the role of the military.
    {Honduras, Corruption}
    (AP, 8/20/03)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Roberto_Reina)

1994        Nov 28, Norwegian voters rejected European Union membership.
    (AP, 11/28/04)   
1994        Nov 28, Jeffrey Dahmer (b.May 21, 1960), a serial killer who sexually abused, tortured, and cannibalized murder victims during the 1980's, was clubbed to death in prison by a fellow inmate while cleaning a prison toilet at the Columbia Correctional Institute gymnasium in Portage, Wi. He was serving several life terms for the killing of 17 young men and boys over a 13-year rampage of necrophilia and dismemberment.
    (SFC, 5/29/96, A4)(AP, 11/28/97)
1994        Nov 28, Ronald "Buster" Edwards (b.1931), British Great Train Robber (1963), committed suicide by hanging in Lambeth, London.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buster_Edwards)
1994        Nov 28, Calvin Fuller (92), chemist, died. In 1954 Bell scientists, Daryl Chapin and Calvin Fuller, refined Gerald Pearson's 1953 discovery and came up with the first solar cell capable of converting enough of the sun's energy into power to run everyday electrical equipment.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)(www.californiasolarcenter.org/history_pv.html)
1994        Nov 28, Jerry Rubin (56), US political activist, died after being hit by car. He was a leading anti-Vietnam War protester of the 1960s who later made headlines by his enthusiastic embrace of capitalism.
    (AP, 11/28/04)

1995        Nov 28, President Clinton continued to press his case for sending 20,000 US ground troops to Bosnia. President Clinton signed a $6 billion road bill that ended the federal 55 mile-an-hour speed limit.
    (WSJ, 11/29/95, p.A-1)(AP, 11/28/00)
1995        Nov 28, James Brady, former white house press secretary, suffered a heart attack.
    (www.cnn.com/US/Newsbriefs/9512/12-12/)

1996        Nov 28, Defense Secretary William Perry joined US soldiers in the mud and freezing rain of Bosnia-Herzegovina to deliver a Thanksgiving message of discipline and patience for their still-unfinished peacekeeping mission.
    (AP, 11/28/97)
1996        Nov 28, A stuck hatch on the space shuttle Columbia prevented two astronauts from going on a spacewalk. A second planned spacewalk also had to be canceled; engineers later discovered a loose screw had jammed the hatch mechanism.
    (AP, 11/28/97)
1996        Nov 28, Chinese Pres. Jiang Zemin made a 3-day visit to India, the first ever.
    (SFC, 11/29/96, p.B8)
1996        Nov 28, In Greece farmers began a crippling blockade of roads and railways to back their demands for better price supports, cheaper fuel, debt rescheduling, and lower taxes on agricultural equipment.
    (WSJ, 12/6/96, p.A12)
1996        Nov 28, In Lebanon demonstrations against Prime Minister Hariri’s handling of the economy were broken up with tanks and troops in Beirut.
    (WSJ, 11/29/96, p.A1)

1997        Nov 28, The final original regular installment of MTV's "Beavis & Butt-head," entitled "Beavis and Butt-head Are Dead," aired on MTV.
    (DT net, 11/28/97)
1997        Nov 28, In Britain the House of Commons approved a bill, 411-151, to ban wild animals from being pursued, injured or killed by the use of dogs (i.e. foxhunting). It was not supported by the labor government.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.A1)
1997        Nov 28, In the Congo rival factions of the army clashed and up to 20 people were killed in Kinshasa at the offices of Pres. Kabila.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.A14)
1997        Nov 28, In Germany students spent a week protesting the deteriorating quality of their education and the specter of having to pay for their education.
    (SFC,11/28/97, p.B5)
1997        Nov 28, India’s 4th government in 2 years collapsed. Prime Minister Inder Kumar Gujral resigned and his United Front government fell after the Congress party withdrew its support. India's powerful Congress Party withdrew its support from India's ruling coalition, forcing Prime Minister Inder Kumar Gujral to resign.
    (WSJ, 11/29/97, p.A12) (AP, 11/28/98)
1997        Nov 28, In Mexico the new National Workers Union (UNT) was inaugurated in Mexico City. It would compete with the 4-million member Congress of Mexican Labor (CTM), considered a pliant ally of the PRI.
    (SFC, 11/29/97, p.A14)

1998        Nov 28, Some Republicans expressed disappointment and outrage over President Clinton's written responses to 81 questions from the House Judiciary Committee concerning the Monica Lewinsky affair, with one accusing the president of "word games."
    (AP, 11/28/99)
1998        Nov 28, Countries fighting in Congo agreed to a cease-fire during an African summit in Paris. The deal was brokered by UN Sec. Gen’l. Kofi Annan. Rebel leaders were not present.
    (SFEC, 11/29/98, p.A21)
1998        Nov 28, From India it was reported that cyclone 07B caused the evacuation of over 100,000 people in West Bengal and that some 100 fisherman were missing.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A4)

1999        Nov 28, Hsing-Hsing, the popular giant panda who arrived in America in 1972 as a symbol of US-China detente, was euthanized at age 28. Officials at Washington’s National Zoo decided to end the panda’s life because of his deteriorating health.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A2)(AP, 11/28/00)   
1999        Nov 28 In Britain a naked man, Eden Strang (26), with a sword maimed 10 people in St. Andrew's church at Thornton Heath, a suburb of London, before he was subdued. Strang was charged with attempted murder.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A12)(SFC, 11/30/99, p.D3)
1999        Nov 28, Iraqi media reported that US warplanes bombed a school in northern Iraq and injured 8 people.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A16)
1999        Nov 28, ASEAN leaders in the Philippines agreed to increase cooperation with Japan, China and South Korea in an "East Asia Forum" known as ASEAN+3 and to move toward a common market.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A14)
1999        Nov 28, In Palestine security forces arrested a group of professionals and intellectuals who signed a petition that accused Yasser Arafat of tyranny, corruption and injustice.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 28, In South Africa a pipe bomb injured at least 43 people at St. Elmo's pizza restaurant in Camps Bay, just south of Cape Town.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 28, In Spain the Basque ETA announced that it would end a 14-month cease-fire due to inaction over their call for independence.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A12)
1999        Nov 28, In Sri Lanka the rebels offered talks to end the 16-year civil war as presidential elections approached.
    (WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A1)
1999        Nov 28, Turkey reported that some 70 Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq had been killed over the last 5 days by Turkish forces in 15 operations.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A16)
1999        Nov 28, In Uruguay Jorge Batlle, candidate for the Colorado Party, won the presidency with a 52% vote over socialist Tabare Vazquez.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A16)

2000        Nov 28, George W. Bush's lawyers asked the U.S. Supreme Court to bring “legal finality" to the presidential election by ending any further ballot recounts; Al Gore's team countered that the nation's highest court should not interfere in Florida's recount dispute.
    (AP, 11/28/01)
2000        Nov 28, Former Texas Congressman Henry B. Gonzalez, who had served 37 years on Capitol Hill, died in San Antonio at age 84.
    (AP, 11/28/01)
2000        Nov 28, A 55-nation European security meeting failed to make a tough declaration on Chechnya amid Russian objections.
    (WSJ, 11/29/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 28, Chile’s Pres. Ricardo Lagos met with technology leaders in California’s Silicon Valley.
    (SFC, 11/27/00, p.A16)
2000        Nov 28, In Guatemala angry Q’eqchi’ Indians burned to death 5 men, aged 16-18, suspected in the fatal shooting of a local man during a robbery in Las Conchas.
    (SFC, 11/30/00, p.C7)(SFC, 12/1/00, p.D2)
2000        Nov 28, In Israel Prime Minister Barak agreed to call for early elections.
    (SFC, 11/29/00, p.A16)
2000        Nov 28, In Kashmir Muslim separatists attacked Indian forces and 12 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/29/00, p.A18)
2000        Nov 28, In the Netherlands lawmakers of the lower house voted 104 to 40 to legalize euthanasia with strict guidelines.
    (SFC, 11/29/00, p.A17)
2000        Nov 28, In the Philippines at least 8 people were killed when government forces clashed with a group that abducted Marilyn Tiu, the wife of a businessman in Zamboanga del Sur province.
    (SFC, 11/30/00, p.C7)

2001        Nov 28, Dynegy Corp. called off its $8.4 billion merger with Enron and Enron stock fell below $1 in the heaviest single-day trading volume for a NYSE or Nasdaq stock. Enron Corp. collapsed after Dynegy Inc. backed out of a deal to take it over.
    (SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A18)(AP, 11/28/08)
2001        Nov 28, Officials recovered the body of CIA officer Johnny “Mike" Spann from a prison compound in Mazar-e-Sharif after northern alliance rebels backed by U.S. airstrikes and special forces quelled an uprising by Taliban and al-Qaida prisoners.
    (AP, 11/28/02)
2001        Nov 28, Ahmed Abdel-Rahman (35), a top al Qaeda operative and son of the blind sheik linked to the 1993 WTC bombing, was captured by anti-Taliban forces. The Taliban said some 600 people including 450 prisoners were killed in the uprising at Qala Jangi. US bombing continued with intermittent strikes.
    (SFC, 11/29/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/29/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/30/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 28, French gendarme Gerard Larroude received 8 bullet wounds in the head and throat in an attack by ETA separatists in Pau, but survived the attack. In 2008 Ibon Fernandez de Iradi was found guilty of trying to kill Larroude and was sentenced to 30 years in prison. Antonio Agustin Figal Arranz, a suspected accomplice, was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (www.cityfmradio.com/detalle_noticia.php?id_noticia=8928)
2001        Nov 28, German authorities arrested Mounir El Motassadeq (27), on suspicion of funneling money to the Sep 11 hijackers.
    (SFC, 11/29/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 28, In Indonesia detectives raided a mansion in Jakarta and arrested Hutomo Mandala Putra (Tommy Suharto) for plotting the murder of a Supreme Court Judge.
    (SFC, 11/29/01, p.A6)
2001        Nov 28, A UN report on AIDS noted Ukraine as the 1st European nation to report 1% of its adults infected. Rapid spread was noted across Eastern Europe.
    (WSJ, 11/29/01, p.A1)
2001        Nov 28-30, Thousands of Taliban fighters, who had surrendered at Kunduz were shipped by container truck to prison camps at Sheberghan. Up to 960 died enroute, mostly from asphyxiation.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A1)(NW, 8/26/02, p.22)

2002        Nov 28, Thousands of Haitians demonstrated against President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's government and clashed with whip-wielding Aristide supporters.
    (AP, 11/29/02)
2002        Nov 28, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon easily won re-election as the Likud Party leader, defeating his hawkish foreign minister by positioning himself as a centrist in a tactic that could help him in January elections against the Labor Party's dovish Amram Mitzna.
    (AP, 11/29/02)
2002        Nov 28, A shooting attack in northern Israel killed 6 Israelis. Two Palestinian gunmen opened fire on a Likud Party office crowded with voters casting ballots in a leadership race and also attacked passengers at a nearby bus terminal in northern Israel.
    (AP, 11/28/02)(SFC, 11/29/02, p.A1)
2002        Nov 28, In Kenya 3 suicide bombers attacked an Israeli-owned hotel, killing 13 other people. Gunmen fire two MANPADS at a Boeing jet carrying 271 passengers and crew as it took off from Mombasa, Kenya. Both missiles missed.
    (AP, 11/28/02)(SFC, 11/29/02, p.A1)(SFC, 11/30/02, p.A1)(AP, 6/11/13)

2003        Nov 28, President Bush returned to his ranch in Crawford, Texas, after a secret, nearly 36-hour journey that took him to Iraq for a Thanksgiving visit with U.S. troops.
    (AP, 11/28/04)
2003        Nov 28, In Ohio authorities said for the 1st time they had linked the Nov. 25 death of Gail Knisley to at least one of 10 other reports of shots fired at vehicles along I-270.
    (AP, 11/29/03)
2003        Nov 28, It was reported that the New Zealand mud snail had invaded trout streams in Northern California. They were capable of stripping entire river systems of algae and had already infested trout streams in Montana.
    (SFC, 11/28/03, p.A21)
2003        Nov 28, It was reported that British artist Damien Hirst, winner of the 1995 Turner Prize, had paid Charles Saatchi some $15 million to buy back about 12 of his earlier works.
    (SFC, 11/28/03, p.I21)
2003        Nov 28, In Bulgaria 5 men were convicted and sentenced to life in prison without chance of parole for the 1996 assassination of former Prime Minister Andrei Lukanov.
    (AP, 11/28/03)
2003        Nov 28, Konrad Adenauer, chancellor from 1949 to 1963, won the most votes in a survey conducted by a public television station to name the greatest German of all time. Martin Luther came in 2nd and Karl Marx 3rd.
    (AP, 11/29/03)
2003        Nov 28, AIDS in Guatemala was reported to kill an estimated 10 people a day.
    (SFC, 11/28/03, p.C2)
2003        Nov 28, The US suspended $49 million in aid payments to Nicaragua's judiciary, a day after the court told America to stay out of its business. This followed escalating tensions between Washington and Nicaragua after a Sandinista judge released former president Arnoldo Aleman from prison 2 days earlier to house arrest, citing health concerns.
    (AP, 11/28/03)
2003        Nov 28, In Northern Ireland hard-liners defeated moderates in the Nov 26 legislative elections. The Democratic Unionists won 30 seats in the 108-member Assembly. The Ulster Unionists won 27 and Sinn Fein, the IRA-linked party, won 24.
    (AP, 11/28/03)(SFC, 11/29/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 28, In South Korea opposition leader Choe Byung-ryol began Day 3 of his hunger strike against Pres. Roh Moo-hyun and corruption allegations against his former aides. The standoff has paralyzed Parliament and derailed deliberation on hundreds of bills.
    (AP, 11/28/03)
2003        Nov 28, Pres. Roh Moo-hyun said that he decided to send troops to Iraq hoping it would encourage the US to continue to work to resolve the North Korean nuclear crisis.
    (AP, 11/28/03)
2003        Nov 28, A Myanmar court sentenced 9 people to death for high treason, including the editor of a sports magazine. The government said the suspects were accused of plotting to overthrow Myanmar's military junta through bombings and assassinations.
    (AP, 12/3/03)
2003        Nov 28, Pres. Robert Mugabe threatened to pull Zimbabwe out of the Commonwealth after the 54-nation grouping of Britain and its former territories barred him from an upcoming summit in Nigeria.
    (AP, 11/28/03)

2004        Nov 28, A private jet crashed while taking off in Montrose, Colo., killing 2 crewmen and Edward Ebersol (14), the son of NBC Sports chairman Dick Ebersol, who escaped with his other son Charles.
    (SFC, 11/30/04, p.A3)
2004        Nov 28, On southern Australia’s King Island about 80 whales and dolphins died after beaching, and about 50 more were still at risk.
    (AP, 11/29/04)
2004        Nov 28, In central China an explosion tore through a coal mine, sending smoke from air vents and trapping at least 166 miners in tunnels and shafts below without communications. The death toll was later confirmed at 166.
    (AP, 12/1/04)(Econ, 12/4/04, p.43)
2004        Nov 28, French Finance Minister Nicolas Sarkozy took over the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP), the ruling conservative party at a glitzy American-style congress. This put him on course to launch a presidential bid and possibly challenge Jacques Chirac in 2007.
    (AP, 11/28/04)(Econ, 11/27/04, p.14)
2004        Nov 28, In central India at least 16 people were killed when they were run over by a speeding train after getting off another train on a parallel line.
    (Reuters, 11/28/04)
2004        Nov 28, Iraq's most feared terror group claimed responsibility for slaughtering members of the Iraqi security forces in Mosul, where dozens of bodies had been found.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2004        Nov 28, In Kazakhstan 2 powerful blasts rocked the headquarters of President Nursultan Nazarbayev's ruling Otan (Fatherland) party in Almaty's busy central district.
    (Reuters, 11/28/04)
2004        Nov 28, In Mexico gunmen killed Gregorio Rodriguez, a newspaper photographer, as he and his family ate in a restaurant the state of Sinaloa, the home turf of nearly all of Mexico's top drug bosses.
    (AP, 11/29/04)
2004        Nov 28, Romanians voted for a president to succeed Ion Iliescu and lead the former communist country into the European Union. A run off was scheduled for Dec 12 when neither ruling Socialist’s Nastase nor Bucharest Mayor Basescu received 50%.
    (AP, 11/28/04)(WSJ, 11/29/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 28, Ukraine’s outgoing President Leonid Kuchma called on opposition supporters to end their four-day blockade of government buildings, saying compromise is needed to solve the political crisis.
    (AP, 11/28/04)

2005        Nov 28, Randy "Duke" Cunningham (63), a Republican US congressman, resigned after pleading guilty in San Diego, Ca., to taking 2.4 million dollars in bribes in return from a military contractor to influence the award of defense deals. Cunningham’s exploits as a Navy fighter pilot inspired the 1986 film “Top Gun." In 2007 Seth Hettena authored “Feasting on the Spoils: The Life and Times of Randy “Duke" Cunningham, History’s Most Corrupt Congressman," and Marcus Stern, Jerry Kammer, Dean Calbreath, and George E. Condon Jr. authored, a team from the San Diego Tribune, "The Wrong Stuff." 
    (AFP, 11/28/05)(Econ, 12/3/05, p.32)
2005        Nov 28, A new phenomenon called “Cyber Monday" took effect as millions of Americans returned to work after the Thanksgiving and used office computers to shop for Christmas presents.
    (Econ, 12/3/05, p.57)
2005        Nov 28, Drugmaker Merck & Co. said it will cut 7,000 jobs, 11% of its work force, and close or sell five manufacturing plants in the first phase of a reorganization meant to save up to $4 billion by the end of the decade.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, Marc Lawrence (95), actor who often played the bad guy, died in Palm Springs. His films included “Shepherd of the Hills" (1941) and “From Dusk Till Dawn" (1996).
    (SFC, 12/6/05, p.B5)
2005        Nov 28, In Canada opposition parties seized upon a corruption scandal to bring down the minority government of PM Paul Martin in a vote of no confidence. The Conservative Party teamed up with the New Democratic and Bloc Quebecois parties to bring down the government, claiming the ruling Liberal Party had lost its moral authority.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 28, Thousands of environmentalists and government officials from around the world gathered in Montreal for a UN conference to brainstorm on how to slow the effects of greenhouses gases and global warming. The US defended its decision not to sign the Kyoto Protocol, saying during the opening of a global summit on climate change that it is doing more than most countries to protect the earth's atmosphere.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, A top pro-Kremlin party led in early returns from Chechnya's first parliamentary election since federal troops reinvaded more than six years ago, and President Vladimir Putin hailed the vote as a key to restoring law and order.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, In eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, at least 60 people were killed when they were swept off the roof of a train into the river below as the train crossed a bridge.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 28, Egyptian police arrested nearly 200 Muslim Brotherhood activists in a crackdown the opposition Islamist group said was designed to weaken its chances in parliamentary elections this week.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, EU Justice and Home Affairs Commissioner Franco Frattini warned that that any of the 25 bloc nations found to have operated secret CIA prisons could have their EU voting rights suspended.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, The European Union managed to get Israel and its Arab neighbors to endorse an anti-terrorism code of conduct at the end of a fractious two-day summit.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, In Iraq the trial of Saddam Hussein resumed with the former Iraqi president trying to take command of the courtroom and angrily complaining about being shackled and mistreated by foreign guards.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, Sheik Bashir Hadi Fakhreddine, Sunni imam of Bilal al-Habashi mosque in Kirkuk, kidnapped 10 days ago in eastern Baghdad along with his friend Seif Abdullah, were found dead in Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 28, Mexico changed its constitution to allow state and local police to pursue drug traffickers, removing a major stumbling block in anti-drug efforts that had long been the exclusive realm of federal officers.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, Nepal's Supreme Court ordered an end to a discriminatory practice that required women under age 35 to get written consent from her parents or husband to get a passport. The law had been previously enforced as a measure to fight the trafficking of women.
    (AP, 11/29/05)
2005        Nov 28, In Nigeria hundreds of troops armed with rocket launchers and machine guns manned check points in the oil-producing Bayelsa state as protesters staged rival rallies over the impeachment of the state governor.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, North Korea demanded compensation from the United States over a scuttled project to build two nuclear reactors in the communist nation under a 1994 agreement.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, The Palestinians' ruling Fatah Party halted its primary election across the Gaza Strip after angry gunmen shot in the air at several polling stations, stole some ballot boxes and destroyed others.
    (AP, 11/28/05)
2005        Nov 28, Spain agreed to sell 12 military planes and eight patrol boats to Venezuela in a $2 billion deal that the United States has threatened to block.
    (AP, 11/29/05)

2006        Nov 28, President Bush, in Latvia to attend a NATO summit, said he will not be persuaded by any calls to withdraw American troops from Iraq before the country is stabilized. Bush also enlisted renewed commitments from the NATO allies that have deployed 32,000 troops to Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, A US federal judge said the government discriminates against blind people by printing money in bills that all feel the same, and ordered the Treasury Dept. to fix the problem.
    (SFC, 11/29/06, p.A2)
2006        Nov 28, In SF Genevieve Paez (53) was shot execution style outside her home in Visitacion Valley. She worked as a customer service supervisor for the US Postal Service. The next day Julius Kevin Tartt (39), a South San Francisco letter carrier, was found dead in Livermore from a self-inflicted gun shot. It was suspected that Tartt killed Paez.
    (SFC, 11/29/06, p.B1)(SFC, 12/2/06, p.B1)
2006        Nov 28, The intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations unveiled GEONETCAST, a one-stop-shop for environmental data.
    (http://ec.europa.eu/research/press/2006/pr2111en.cfm)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.83)
2006        Nov 28, In Afghanistan scores of militants alleged to be with Al-Qaeda stormed a checkpoint on the eastern border with Pakistan, sparking an hour-long battle that left at least two rebels dead. Suicide car bombs struck in Kandahar and Herat, killing a policeman and wounding a NATO soldier. A new UN report said Afghanistan's criminal underworld has compromised key government officials who protect drug traffickers, allowing a flourishing opium trade that will not be stamped out for a generation.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Ten suspected Islamist militants were killed in clashes with the Algerian army, which was conducting sweeps in remote mountainous regions.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 28, A protest against Argentina's former military dictatorship turned into a clash in Buenos Aires between police with tear gas and rubber bullets and demonstrators with Molotov cocktails.
    (AP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 28, In Bangladesh unidentified attackers set three election offices on fire in Munshiganj, Barisal and Khulna. Thousands of protesters gathered in Dhaka to demand the resignation of electoral officials ahead of January balloting.
    (AP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 28, Belarus hosted a summit of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The participants fail to agree on any significant multilateral initiative and the summit itself was sullied by a media scandal.
    (www.isn.ethz.ch/news/sw/details.cfm?ID=16984)
2006        Nov 28, Bolivia's leftist president won passage of an ambitious land redistribution bill and signed it into law to the cheers of impoverished Indian supporters, who stand to benefit from what eventually could be the confiscation of private holdings the size of Nebraska. In the same session Bolivia's Senate approved nationalization contracts with foreign oil companies.
    (AP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 28, Britain’s Scottish Power PLC said it has agreed to a $22.5 billion buyout offer from the Spanish utility Iberdrola SA that would create one of Europe's biggest utilities.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Canada’s Parliament formally recognized the French-speaking people of Quebec as a nation within Canada, a seemingly symbolic gesture that has led to a Cabinet resignation and ignited concerns over a renewed push for the province's sovereignty.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Government soldiers in the Central African Republic were on the offensive, with French military support, to seize back towns captured by rebels who have steadily advanced from border territory.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, A Chadian military reconnaissance plane was shot down in eastern Chad in an attack likely carried out by rebels.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Beijing’s environmental protection agency reported that water from the Guanting reservoir, Beijing's fourth-largest drinking source, was not fit for human consumption or irrigation during the month of October.
    (AFP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 28, Ethiopia’s PM Meles Zenawi met with Jim Donald, the CEO of Starbucks, but no deal was reached on branding local coffee. Ethiopia ranked 97th in the World Bank’s latest “ease of doing business" index. Transparency Int’l. ranked it 130th on its corruption-perceptions index.
    (Econ, 12/2/06, p.67)
2006        Nov 28, The Iraqi Parliament voted unanimously to extend Iraq's state of emergency for 30 more days, and suspected Sunni insurgents set off bombs that killed eight people and wounded 40 across the country. The UN Security Council voted unanimously to extend for one year the mandate of the 160,000-strong multinational force in Iraq. US soldiers fought with suspected insurgents in Ramadi, the capital of Anbar province, killing six Iraqis: one man and five females, including an infant. A roadside bomb killed one US Army soldier and wounded another in Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 11/28/06)(AP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 28, Jordan's King Abdullah II called for renewed efforts to settle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in a speech, but he warned that his country would not accept a deal that causes an influx of Palestinians.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Kosovo Albanians fought UN police in a protest of a delay on a vote for independence until after Serbian elections Jan 21.
    (WSJ, 11/29/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 28, Malaysia's PM Abdullah Ahmad Badawi said ties between Muslims and Christians are under "extreme stress" and the growing divide between the faiths is threatening international stability.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, In Mexico gunmen attacked a police car in the border city of Tijuana, killing Gerardo Santiago Prado, the police chief of Mesa de Otay, his bodyguard and a secretary.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 28, A Nigerian court voided a report of the country's anti-graft agency which indicted Vice President Atiku Abubakar and a business associate of corruption. Amnesty International said Nigerian police and soldiers are using rape to intimidate restive communities and "as means of torture to extract confessions from suspects in custody."
    (AP, 11/28/06)(AFP, 11/29/06)
2006        Nov 28, North Korea's nuclear envoy sat down with top negotiators for the US and China, an unannounced meeting aimed at reactivating stalled six-nation talks on persuading North Korea to abandon nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Noxious fumes from chemical waste dumped into a Philippine creek forced thousands to flee their homes and sickened dozens. Men told police they had loaded chemical waste from a plastic factory and dumped the cargo in Marilao, 15 miles north of Manila.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Russia’s Pres. Putin said the ban on Moldovan wine and meat products would be lifted, a move that appeared to be aimed at easing Moscow's entry into the WTO. Putin also said Russia and Moldova would resume a dialogue aimed at resolving Moldova's conflict with Trans-Dniester.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, The South Korean government approved a plan to halve the size of its troop deployment in Iraq but to extend the mission for another year.
    (AFP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, A Syrian leader of an Islamic militant group blew himself up at a border post with Lebanon after a gunbattle with Syrian security forces.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Thailand's military-installed government agreed to lift martial law in Bangkok and in more than half of the country's provinces.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, The Ukraine Parliament adopted a bill recognizing the Soviet-era forced famine as an act of genocide against the Ukrainian people.
    (AP, 11/28/06)
2006        Nov 28, Pope Benedict XVI began his first visit to a Muslim country with a message of dialogue and brotherhood between Christians and Muslims in an attempt to ease anger over his perceived criticism of Islam. In Turkey Benedict urged all religious leaders to "utterly refuse" to support any violence in the name of faith.
    (AP, 11/28/06)(AP, 11/28/07)

2007        Nov 28, A day after an international Mideast peace conference in Annapolis, Md., President Bush told the leaders of Israel and the Palestinian territories he was personally committed to their mission of peace.
    (AP, 11/28/08)
2007        Nov 28, Republican presidential rivals Rudy Giuliani and Mitt Romney clashed over immigration in a provocative, no-holds-barred CNN/YouTube debate.
    (AP, 11/28/08)
2007        Nov 28, O.J. Simpson pleaded not guilty in Las Vegas to charges of kidnapping and armed robbery stemming from a confrontation with sports memorabilia dealers. Simpson and a co-defendant were convicted in October, 2008.
    (AP, 11/28/08)
2007        Nov 28, Broadway stagehands and theater producers reached a tentative agreement on ending a crippling 19-day-old strike.
    (AP, 11/28/08)
2007        Nov 28, In Minnesota a fire at a pipeline from Canada that feeds oil to the US killed 2 people. The pipeline that leaked and four others were shut down, though it wasn't clear for how long, sending oil prices up the next day.
    (AP, 11/29/07)
2007        Nov 28, An Oakland, Ca., city auditor’s report said employees were allowed to cash out unused vacation time and received millions of dollars in perks, much of it not subject to scrutiny.
    (SFC, 11/28/07, p.A1)
2007        Nov 28, Joseph Hokai Tang (28), musician and violin dealer, was arrested for fraud following a performance in Eugene, Oregon. In 2008 he pleaded guilty to 10 fraud counts and admitted to bilking at least 120 people out of $400,000 worth of instruments. In 2008 he was sentenced in SF District Court to 37 months in prison.
    (SFC, 5/12/08, p.A1)(SFC, 10/21/08, p.B1)
2007        Nov 28, Afghan and foreign troops battled Taliban fighters and called in airstrikes in southern Afghanistan, leaving 30 militants dead. Four other militants were killed in a separate clash in the east. In eastern Khost province gunmen on motorbikes shot to death a school principal. In Ghazni province Taliban insurgents ambushed police in Khogyani district, and the ensuing clash killed one policeman and four suspected militants. Militants in Paktia province attacked trucks carrying supplies for foreign troops, killing one driver. In Paktika province a roadside bomb hit Afghan troops, leaving one soldier dead and three wounded.
    (AP, 11/29/07)
2007        Nov 28, Across Bolivia banks, shops, schools and public transportation were shuttered in cities, as demonstrators protested a new law tapping regional budgets for a fund for the elderly.
    (AP, 11/29/07)
2007        Nov 28, Brazil and China said they will give Africa free satellite imaging of its landmass to help the continent respond to threats like deforestation, desertification and drought.
    (AP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 28, A Chinese warship dropped anchor off Tokyo in the communist nation's first military visit to Japan since World War II, symbolizing improving ties.
    (AP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 28, French President Nicolas Sarkozy pledged to punish rioters who shot at police but sought to ease tensions with an independent probe into the deaths of two youths that triggered the unrest.
    (AP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 28, Nazi documents stored in a vast warehouse in Germany were unsealed, opening a rich resource for Holocaust historians and for survivors to delve into their own tormented past. Inquiries were handled by the archive's 400 staff members in the German spa town of Bad Arolsen.
    (AP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 28, Indonesia, which is losing its forests at a faster rate than any other country, launched a campaign to plant 79 million trees ahead of a critical climate change conference on the resort island of Bali.
    (AP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 28, Iran claimed to have built a small submarine equipped with sonar-evading technology, saying the craft had been launched in the Persian Gulf.
    (AP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 28, Nearly 6,000 Sunnis joined a security pact with American forces in a bid to close escape routes for extremists. About 20 buses carrying hundreds of Iraqi refugees rolled into a Baghdad depot, the first from the Iraqi-funded effort to speed the return of families. An American soldier was killed by small-arms fire in Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/29/07)(WSJ, 11/29/07, p.A1)
2007        Nov 28, In Japan former Vice Defense Minister Takemasa Moriya (63) and his wife were arrested on suspicion they accepted lavish gifts from companies, including one linked to General Electric, in exchange for contracts.
    (AP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 28, Kosovo stood firm in its demand for independence after 3 days of talks, pushing the issue to the UN Security Council.
    (WSJ, 11/29/07, p.A1)
2007        Nov 28, Kyrgyzstan's president signed an order relieving PM Almazbek Atambayev of duty, nine months after he was appointed in a move to appease opposition groups.
    (AP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 28, A lawmaker said the largest bloc in Lebanon's deadlocked parliament has dropped its opposition to the army chief becoming president, bringing Gen. Michel Suleiman a step closer to being the new head of state and ending a yearlong political crisis.
    (AP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 28, North and South Korea struggled to resolve differences over creating a joint fishing zone around their disputed sea border at a second day of rare defense talks in Pyongyang.
    (AP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 28, Pervez Musharraf stepped down as Pakistan's military commander, fulfilling a key opposition demand a day before he was to be sworn in as civilian president. Musharraf handed over his ceremonial baton to his successor, Gen. Ashfaq Kayani (b.1952), who is widely expected to maintain the army's pro-Western policies. A shell aimed at Islamic militants in northern Pakistan killed 11 civilians, while a roadside bomb killed five soldiers in another troubled region near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 11/28/07)(AP, 11/29/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashfaq_Parvez_Kayani)
2007        Nov 28, Palestinian police loyal to President Mahmoud Abbas fired shots in the air and beat protesters with sticks during the funeral of a man killed during a protest against this week's US-hosted Mideast peace summit. At least 26 people were wounded, one critically.
    (AP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 28, Authorities in Saudi Arabia announced the arrest of 208 suspected terrorists in six cells and thwarted several planned attacks in the kingdom's largest terror sweep to date. They included 8 al-Qaida linked men allegedly planning to attack oil installations.
    (AP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 28, Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade said he will propose the creation of a committee of African heads of state to mend broken relations between Zimbabwe and former colonial power Britain.
    (AFP, 11/28/07)
2007        Nov 28, Two Hungarians and a Ukrainian were arrested in eastern Slovakia and Hungary in an attempted sale of a kilo  (2.2 lbs) of uranium, material believed to be from the former Soviet Union. Police said it was enriched enough to be used in a radiological "dirty bomb."
    (AP, 11/29/07)
2007        Nov 28, In Sri Lanka a bomb exploded near the entrance to a popular department store in a busy Colombo suburb, killing 20 people and wounding 43. Earlier in the day, a female suicide bomber sent by the rebels killed one person and wounded two others in an unsuccessful attempt to assassinate a government minister in his office in Colombo.
    (AFP, 11/29/07)(Econ, 12/8/07, p.48)
2007        Nov 28, In southern Thailand a Muslim military informant was shot and crucified, while two Buddhist men were beheaded by suspected Islamic separatists.
    (AFP, 11/28/07)

2008        Nov 28, This day was marked as Native American Heritage Day. US federal legislation set aside the day after Thanksgiving — for this year only — to honor the contributions American Indians have made to the US. Congress passed legislation this year designating the day as Native American Heritage Day, and President George W. Bush signed it last month.
    (AP, 11/28/08)
2008        Nov 28, Space shuttle Endeavour and its crew of seven departed the international space station, ending a 12-day visit.
    (AP, 11/28/08)
2008        Nov 28, In New York Jdimytai Damour (34), a Long Island Wal-Mart worker, was killed after a crowd of post-Thanksgiving shoppers burst through the doors at the suburban Valley Stream store and knocked him down. In 2009 Wal-Mart agreed to pay nearly $2 million and improve safety at its 92 New York stores as part of a deal with prosecutors that avoids criminal charges in the trampling death.
    (AP, 11/29/08)(AP, 5/6/09)
2008        Nov 28, William Finnegan, TV and film producer, died in New York. His film and TV work included “The Dollmaker" (1984) and “Hawaii Five-0."
    (SFC, 12/3/08, p.B6)
2008        Nov 28, In Afghanistan US troops killed Haji Yakub, a wanted Taliban commander, who tried to hide from soldiers under a woman's burqa. Afghan and coalition forces killed 33 militants when their patrol came under attack in southern Helmand province. In Kandahar province a three-day NATO-Afghan operation in Zhari district killed 12 militants. Police in Farah province killed four insurgents setting up a makeshift base in a village, apparently aiming to launch strikes on Farah city. Afghan army and police attacked a nine-vehicle convoy, killing four insurgents and wounding another three as other insurgents fled. An Afghan police officer was also killed in the gunbattle in Farah province.
    (AP, 11/29/08)
2008        Nov 28, In Argentina a three-judge panel formally charged former President Carlos Menem with arms trafficking as he watched on live video from hundreds of miles away because doctors say he is too ill to travel.
    (AP, 11/29/08)
2008        Nov 28, China executed Wo Weihan, a scientist accused of passing information to Taiwan, triggering condemnation from his family and several countries including the US.
    (AP, 11/28/08)
2008        Nov 28, Tens of thousands of Colombians marched to demand leftist rebels free hostages they have held for as long as a decade or more.
    (AP, 11/29/08)
2008        Nov 28, Congo rebels captured the border post of Ishasha in eastern Congo, increasing their stranglehold over the region. At least 13,000 frightened civilians have fled into Uganda over the last two days.
    (AP, 11/28/08)
2008        Nov 28, In Cuba Russia's president Medvedev met with Fidel Castro, discussing Guantanamo Bay and hopes for a multipolar world with Cuba's former leader during a tour of Latin America aimed at raising Moscow's presence in the region.
    (AP, 11/28/08)
2008        Nov 28, Ethiopia announced that it will withdraw its forces from Somalia by the end of the year, leaving this country's weak and fractured government to face an increasingly powerful Islamic insurgency.
    (AP, 11/28/08)
2008        Nov 28, In India commandos who stormed the Mumbai headquarters of an ultra-orthodox Jewish group found the bodies of five hostages inside, as a fresh battle raged at the luxury Taj Mahal hotel and other Indian forces ended a siege at another five-star hotel. More than 150 people have been killed since gunmen attacked 10 sites across India's financial capital on Nov 26, including 22 foreigners, two of them Americans. Commandos killed the last two gunmen inside the luxury Oberoi hotel, where 24 bodies had been found.
    (AP, 11/28/08)(AP, 11/29/08)
2008        Nov 28, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up among worshippers waiting to be searched outside a mosque run by followers of anti-American Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, killing at least 12 people.
    (AP, 11/28/08)
2008        Nov 28, Japan announced it would end its airlift operations in Iraq by the end of the year, citing security improvements and moves toward democracy in Iraq.
    (AP, 11/28/08)
2008        Nov 28, In Mexico at least 12 masked gunmen opened fire inside a restaurant in the northern border city of Ciudad Juarez, killing eight.
    (AP, 11/29/08)
2008        Nov 28, In Myanmar 2 journalists were jailed for seven years each on charges of undermining the military junta after they were caught with a UN human rights report. A court in a northeastern suburb of Yangon sentenced Thet Zin, editor of the local Myanmar-language journal News Watch, and Sein Win Maung, the paper's manager, under the country's draconian Printing and Publishing Law.
    (AP, 11/30/08)
2008        Nov 28, Clashes erupted in Jos, Nigeria, after a local election dispute, leaving at least three people dead and prompting the military to send troops into city streets to restore order. Over the next 3 days at least 300 people were killed and 7,00 displaced. In southern Nigeria gunmen abducted a Scottish oil industry worker.
    (AP, 11/28/08)(Econ, 12/6/08, p.64)
2008        Nov 28, In Pakistan a suicide car bomber killed seven people in the northwestern town of Bannu.
    (AP, 11/28/08)
2008        Nov 28, A Palestinian was killed in a clash with Israeli forces in southern Gaza. A mortar attack on an Israeli army base injured eight Israeli soldiers. The next day the Islamic militant group Hamas claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 11/28/08)(AP, 11/29/08)
2008        Nov 28, Somali pirates hijacked the chemical tanker chemical tanker M/V BISCAGLIA with 25 Indian and 3 Bangladeshi crew members. A helicopter rescued three British security guards who had jumped into the sea. The Liberian flagged ship operated out of Singapore. The ship was freed on Jan 23 following a $1 million ransom.
    (AP, 11/28/08)(AP, 1/24/09)(WSJ, 1/31/08, p.A1)
2008        Nov 28, Zimbabwe’s opposition said it has agreed on a draft constitutional amendment to allow the formation of a power-sharing government, but obstacles still remain to setting it up. The UN warned that cholera has killed 389 people in Zimbabwe to date and that the disease is also spreading into neighboring Botswana and South Africa.
    (AFP, 11/28/08)(Reuters, 11/28/08)
2008        Nov 28, A regional tribunal in Namibia ruled that 78 white Zimbabweans can keep their farms because the government's land reform scheme discriminated against them.
    (AFP, 11/28/08)

2009        Nov 28, In Sonoma County, Ca., John Maloney (45), his wife Susan (42), and 2 children Aiden (8) and Gracie (5) were killed when Steven Culbertson (19) of Lakeport broadsided their car on Highway 37. The family was on its way home from a vacation in Hawaii. News of the tragedy prompted Michael Vincent Gutierrez (26) of Redwood City and girlfriend Amber Marie True (29) to break into the Maloney’s empty house. They ransacked the home and drove off in the Maloney’s 2006 Nissan 350Z. Gutierrez and True were arrested Dec 1 just hours after a neighbor noticed the Maloney’s garage door open.
    (SFC, 12/3/09, p.A1)
2009        Nov 28, Afghanistan announced a pay rise of nearly 40 percent for police and military recruits, as Western countries aim to increase the size and quality of Afghan security forces so their own troops can go home. Police said a dozen prisoners escaped jail through a tunnel they dug from their cell to the outside in western Farah province. 26 militants were killed in a gun battle with border security guards along the eastern Pakistan frontier.
    (Reuters, 11/28/09)(AP, 11/29/09)
2009        Nov 28, In Canada locomotive engineers of the country’s largest railroad walked off the job after talks broke down. Canadian National Railway said it was using management and non-union staff to provide "the best possible service under the circumstances."
    (Reuters, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 28, In China Wu Xiaoqing (57) hanged himself in his cell using the drawstring from his underwear five months following his arrest for corruption. The ex-judge was charged with taking bribes from gangsters.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 28, In China a Zimbabwe-registered cargo plane crashed in flames during takeoff from Shanghai's main airport, killing 3 American crew members and injuring 4 others on board.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 28, French Transport Minister Dominique Bussereau said Russia has given the green light for Air France's A380 superjumbo to overfly Siberia, opening the way for a projected Paris-Tokyo service. The accord was approved by PM Vladimir Putin at the end of a two-day visit to France which saw a number of business deals concluded. Putin's trip also secured a deal for French investment in a key pipeline project and the struggling Avtovaz car maker, as well as a promise that France will consider selling Moscow a huge amphibious assault ship.
    (AFP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 28, Japan launched its fifth spy satellite into orbit in a bid to boost its ability to independently gather intelligence.
    (AP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 28, Pakistan’s President Asif Ali Zardari gave up control of the country's nuclear arsenal in a bid to fend off mounting pressures threatening to weaken his rule further and complicate the war on the Taliban. Zardari announced that control of the National Command Authority, which analysts and lawyers confirmed was responsible for nuclear weapons, had shifted to PM Yousuf Raza Gilani.
    (AFP, 11/28/09)
2009        Nov 28, The government of Peru apologized to its Afro-Peruvian population for the first time for centuries of abuse, exclusion and discrimination. Peru was the first country in Latin America to make such an apology.
    (AP, 11/28/09)(SSFC, 7/21/13, p.A5)
2009        Nov 28, A South Korean fishing vessel burned and sank in the port of Uruguay's capital. Navy officials said  all 38 crew members are safe.
    (AP, 11/28/09)

2010        Nov 28, More than 250,000 classified US State Department documents were released by online whistleblower WikiLeaks. Among the leaked memos was information that Iranian Red Crescent ambulances were used to smuggle weapons to Lebanon's militant Hezbollah group during its 2006 war with Israel. Memos said the "IRC shipments of medical supplies served also to facilitate weapons shipments." Documents also detailed concerns by US officials in Baghdad about Iran’s influence on Iraq. Memos also said King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia had repeatedly urged the United States to attack Iran to destroy its nuclear program to stop Tehran from developing a nuclear weapon. One cable revealed that the US kept nuclear weapons in Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany and Turkey.
    (AP, 11/28/10)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.35)
2010        Nov 28, In Oregon an Islamic center in Corvallis was firebombed, 2 days after Somali-born Mohamed Osman Mohamud was arrested in a sting operation for trying to blow up a van full of explosives in Portland. In August, 2011, federal officials arrested Cody Crawford (24) for firebombing the mosque.
    (SFC, 11/29/10, p.A7)(SFC, 8/26/11, p.A5)
2010        Nov 28, In Cleveland, Texas, a girl (11) was gang raped in an abandoned trailer home. Authorities were notified of the alleged rape after a student from Cleveland ISD found a video of the assault. Four assaults on the young girl had begun in September. By March 24, 2011, 19 young men and teenage boys were charged with participating in the rape. On Aug 30, 2012, Eric McGowen, who fled free on bail, was convicted and sentenced to 99 years in prison.
    (SFC, 3/9/11, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/4cbmd2c)(SFC, 3/25/11, p.A5)(SFC, 8/31/12, p.A5)
2010        Nov 28, In Afghanistan gunmen firing on a car killed Abdullah Ahmadzai, a local government official, and two of his relatives in Logar province. Coalition forces launched an airstrike in Nad Ali district in Helmand province, killing a Taliban leader who planned and coordinated roadside bombs against Afghan and NATO forces.
    (AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 28, In Brazil Rio police, backed by helicopters and armored vehicles, invaded the Alemao slum complex, long held by traffickers, quickly taking over the key drug gang stronghold in a historic victory for the city hosting the 2016 Olympics.
    (AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 28, BP said it has agreed to sell its 60 percent stake in Pan American Energy to Argentina-based oil and gas firm Bridas Corporation, as part of asset sales to pay for the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
    (AFP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 28, Canadian comic actor Leslie Nielsen (84) died in Florida of complications from pneumonia. He was a star in a string of madcap spoof movies including "Airplane!" and "The Naked Gun."
    (Reuters, 11/29/10)
2010        Nov 28, China called for emergency talks on resolving a crisis on the Korean peninsula, and Seoul and Tokyo said they would study the proposal, as the US and South Korean militaries started a massive drill.
    (AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 28, Egypt held elections for a new, 508-seat parliament. The election was marred by scattered violence, reports of vote buying and the ejection of many independent monitors from polling stations.
    (AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 28, The EU's finance ministers agreed in an emergency meeting in Brussels to give Ireland a euro67.5 billion bailout to help it survive its massive banking crisis, and sketched out new rules for future emergencies to restore faith in the euro currency.
    (AP, 11/29/10)
2010        Nov 28, In Guatemala police found the body of Mercedes Vasquez (27), a professional football player, chopped up and left in five plastic bags in a rural area. A message said the player was killed for "messing with other women." He had been kidnapped a day earlier.
    (AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 28, In Guatemala a livestock truck packed with workers on their way to a coffee plantation veered off a winding road and crashed, killing 19 of the passengers and injuring 44. Authorities smelled alcohol on the breath of the truck driver after the crash.
    (AP, 11/29/10)
2010        Nov 28, Haiti held elections. 96 contenders competed for 11 Senate seats and more than 800 sought to fill the 99-seat lower house. Within hours, ballot boxes were ripped to pieces, protesters were on the streets and nearly every presidential hopeful was united against the government. 12 of the 19 presidential candidates appeared together at a news conference to accuse Pres. Rene Preval of stealing the election and installing his chosen candidate, Jude Celestin. Haitian radio reported one man was shot to death at a polling place in rural Artibonite. Electoral officials said another was killed in southern Haiti. On Dec 7 officials announced that government protege Jude Celestin and former first lady Mirlande Manigat would advance to a runoff in presidential elections.
    (AP, 11/28/10)(AP, 11/29/10)(SFC, 11/29/10, p.A3)(AP, 12/8/10)
2010        Nov 28, Iran's Pres. Ahmadinejad and Turkmen Pres. Berdymukhamedov inaugurated the last section of the Sarakhs-Tehran pipeline to export Turkmen gas to northeast Iran.
    (AFP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 28, In Iraq US troops, who thought they were under attack, killed an Iraqi airport employee as he drove near a military convoy on his way to work. In the village of al-Meshahda gunmen wearing Iraqi security forces uniforms invaded the home of Sunni Sheik Abdul Kerim Talab Mutlak al-Halbussi, a leader of the local Sahwa, in a pre-dawn raid and shot him and his son (15). In Baghdad a roadside bomb in a western neighborhood killed a passer-by and wounded 3 during rush hour at the start of the local work week.
    (AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 28, Israel's Cabinet voted to erect a massive detention facility to hold thousands of Africans who have slipped illegally through the porous southern border with Egypt, heating up a debate over how to handle their mounting numbers.
    (AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 28, Ivory Coast held its runoff presidential election set to reunite the country eight years after a civil war divided it in two. 5 months of violence followed leaving at least 3,000 dead.
    (AP, 11/28/10)(Econ, 4/13/13, p.51)
2010        Nov 28, In Japan the governor of Okinawa island was reelected and immediately called for the removal of a controversial US military base which has strained ties between Tokyo and Washington.
    (AFP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 28, Kenya’s PM Raila Odinga said homosexuals who are found in the midst of sex acts will be arrested. Odinga's spokesman said in a statement later that night that the prime minister was quoted out of context.
    (AP, 11/29/10)
2010        Nov 28, African foreign ministers, at a meeting on the eve of a summit on climate change in Libya, rejected the idea of a joint declaration, which was to have been signed at the conclusion of a two-day Africa-EU summit. The EU had hoped to deliver a joint statement at the gathering of 80 nations from the two continents to deliver "a strong symbol" as the Cancun conference on climate change opens in Mexico.
    (AFP, 11/29/10)
2010        Nov 28, Nuri al-Mismari, a top aide of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, was arrested in Paris after a request from Tripoli, which said he was suspected of embezzlement. France gave Libya 30 days to submit evidence backing its accusations. Supporters of al-Mismari later said he was a victim of a power struggle inside the ruling elite.
    (Reuters, 12/2/10)
2010        Nov 28, Voters in Moldova, Europe's poorest nation, tried to break a political deadlock that has kept it without a functioning government for more than a year. The governing pro-Europe alliance led the opposition Communists in early election results, but it was not clear if the coalition would win enough legislative seats to end the country's year-long political deadlock.
    (AP, 11/28/10)(AP, 11/29/10)
2010        Nov 28, Hundreds of thousands of Moroccans demonstrated against a Spanish political party's criticism of their country's raid on a protest camp in Western Sahara.
    (AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 28, In New Zealand a 4th explosion in 9 days ripped through the mine where 29 miners perished. Officials said the coal was on fire, a development that could significantly delay recovery of the bodies. Efforts to retrieve the miners were abandoned on Jan 13.
    (AP, 11/28/10)(AP, 1/13/11)
2010        Nov 28, In Pakistan an American drone fired one of its missiles but missed a speeding vehicle. Its occupants quickly bailed out before a 2nd missile hit and destroyed the vehicle.
    (AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 28, In Pakistan a cargo plane carrying 8 people crashed in a residential area of Karachi setting buildings on fire killing all 8 crew and at least 3 people on the ground.
    (AP, 11/28/10)
2010        Nov 28, Spain's Socialist government, battered by fears of an Irish-style rescue of its troubled economy, braced for a new blow as voters went to the polls in regional elections in Catalonia. The pro-business Convergence and Union (CIU) nationalists routed the ruling Socialists. The CIU won 62 of the 135 seats in the Catalan parliament.
    (AFP, 11/28/10)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.65)
2010        Nov 28, Swiss voters approved a plan to automatically deport foreigners found guilty of committing serious crimes or benefit fraud. Swiss national broadcaster SF1 says 52.9% of voters backed the proposal put forward by the nationalist Swiss People's Party, or SVP. Anti-racism groups bemoaned that the SVP's posters showing white sheep kicking black sheep off a Swiss flag played on stereotypical images of foreigners as criminals.
    (AP, 11/28/10)

2011        Nov 28, US Federal authorities said they have shut down 150 websites accused of selling knock-off or pirated merchandise to unsuspecting online bargain hunters.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, Ginger White (46) of Georgia said that she and Republican presidential hopeful Herman Cain had a 13-year extramarital affair that lasted nearly until the former businessman announced his candidacy for the White House several months ago.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, San Francisco City College officials detected an infestation of computer viruses with origins in criminal networks in Russia, China and other countries. By mid January officials traced at least 723 Internet protocol addresses to the Russian Business Network, a gang in the business of stealing and selling personal information. The network disbanded around 2008, but criminals were reportedly still collecting data.
    (SFC, 1/13/12, p.A1)
2011        Nov 28, Mexican trucker Daniel Navarro (45) was sentenced in San Diego to almost 16 years in prison for his role in two major drug tunnels along the US-Mexico border.
    (SFC, 11/29/11, p.A5)
2011        Nov 28, San Francisco Bay Area fisherman dashed out for Dungeness crab after seafood processors agreed to a price of 2.25 per pound.
    (SFC, 11/29/11, p.A1)
2011        Nov 28, In Oakland, Ca., 3 hooded assailants opened fire on a group of people at Seventh and Willow streets. One-year-old Hiram Lawrence Jr. was shot in the head and 6 others were wounded. The boy died Dec 9 after he was removed from life support. On July 19, 2012, Acorn gang members Dionte Houff (30) and Houston Nathaniel III (23), were indicted on charges of murder, assault, weapons violations and racketeering in connection with the shootings that killed Hiran Lawrence.
    (SFC, 12/10/11, p.C2)(SFC, 7/20/12, p.C6)
2011        Nov 28, Three asset managers from Connecticut's affluent New York suburbs claimed a $254 million Powerball jackpot off a $1 ticket.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 28, In Texas Dakota Meyer, a former US Marine and Medal of Honor recipient, sued BAE Systems claiming he was defamed and ridiculed after expressing concerns in an e-mail over the possible sale of a high-tech sniper scope to Pakistan.
    (SFC, 12/1/11, p.A10)
2011        Nov 28, Britain's government said its military will stop providing a helicopter search and rescue service. Daring operations like the one by Prince William and his Royal Air Force colleagues, that saved two sailors this weekend, will in the future be carried out by civilians.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, Burundi told delegates at a global anti-landmine summit in Phnom Penh that it had cleared its territory of landmines, becoming the 18th state party to do so. Myanmar was the only country recorded as laying new landmines last year, but the Intl. Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) said it has since been joined by Israel, Syria and Libya, bringing the current global use of landmines to its highest level since 2004.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 28, Chinese automaker Chery Automobile Co. and partner Israel Corp. launched the 50-50 joint venture Qoros Automotive Co., seeking fresh appeal both overseas and in the slowing local market. Israel Corp. is Israel's largest holding company, with interests mainly in chemicals, shipping and energy.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, In CongoDRC voting began despite delays and setbacks. Armed men attacked voting centers and a truck carrying ballots. 5 people were killed in the southeastern town of Lubumbashi after gunmen opened fire on a truck carrying ballots and on a polling center.
    (AP, 11/28/11)(AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 28, Egyptians turned out in long lines at voting stations in their nation's first parliamentary elections since Hosni Mubarak's ouster, a giant step toward what they hope will be a democracy after decades of dictatorship.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, A German NATO officer and a soldier were shot and wounded in a clash with Serb protesters in northern Kosovo after the military alliance's troops used heavy machinery to remove trucks and buses blocking a main road in the tense region.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, Guyana held elections. The East Indian-dominated People's Progressive Party led by economist Donald Ramotar (61) won the most seats, 32 of 65, but fell short of an absolute majority. Opposition parties could control the parliament if they are able to work together.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Nov 28, Iran enacted legislation to downgrade relations with Britain in retaliation for intensified sanctions imposed last week by Western nations for their suspected nuclear development program.
    (SFC, 11/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Nov 28, In Iraq a suicide bomber slammed a car packed with explosives into the gate of al-Hout prison north of Baghdad, killing at least 19 people in Taji. In Baghdad, 5 people were killed by a suicide car bomb inside the Green Zone. 2 civilian bystanders were killed and 5 others wounded by a roadside bomb targeting a police patrol in western Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/28/11)(SFC, 11/30/11, p.A7)
2011        Nov 28, Israeli settlement watchdog Peace Now said Israel has approved construction of more 119 homes in the West Bank settlement of Shilo, a move likely to bring fresh international condemnation.
    (AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, A Kenyan judge issued a warrant for Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir, wanted by an international court for genocide, after the government failed to arrest him during a visit last year.
    (AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, Kuwait’s government resigned following a bitter dispute with opposition MPs. The move came ahead of a planned mass rally later today by the opposition to press demands for the ouster of PM Sheikh Nasser al-Sabah. Sheik Sabah Al Ahmed Al Sabah accepted the resignation but asked the Cabinet to remain in a caretaker role.
    (AP, 11/28/11)(Econ, 12/3/11, p.61)
2011        Nov 28, In Mexico Nepomuceno Moreno (56), who repeatedly had accused police in the Sonoran capital of Hermosillo of kidnapping his 18-year-old son last year, was shot to death in his hometown in Sonora state. A band of heavily armed teenage car thieves shot it out with officers during a high-speed chase, before crashing their stolen car in the northern industrial city of Monterrey. One young man escaped. Two 13-year-old boys and a 15-year-old girl were taken into custody. Soldiers killed five suspected drug gang members in a gunbattle on the outskirts of Monterrey.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 28, Niger officially became an oil producer with the opening of a refinery run by the state and a Chinese company. Niger opened its first refinery in Zinder following the discovery of oil in Agadem, 700 km east of Niamey with a daily production capacity of 20,000 bpd.
    (AFP, 11/28/11)(AFP, 7/16/12)
2011        Nov 28, In Paraguay Marciano Villagra (93), former leader of Paraguay Communist Party guerrillas in various actions, died. He led the brief takeover of the town of Piribebuy in 1947 and went into hiding after Gen. Alfredo Stroessner took power in 1954.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 28, In Peru US-based Newmont Mining Corp. suspended construction at the Conga gold mine for a fourth day due to continuing protests by peasants who fear it will damage their water supply. Deputy minister Jose de Echave quit saying the government "lacks an adequate strategy for dealing with social conflict."
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, Somalia's Islamist Shebab rebels ordered 16 international aid agencies shut in areas they control after armed raids on several offices, and warned more would follow if they did not toe the line.
    (AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, St. Lucia held parliamentary elections. Kenny Anthony's St. Lucia Labor Party emerged victorious by winning nine of the 15 seats decided, while the former governing United Workers Party won six. Two seats were still undecided.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 28, A Sudanese court sentenced seven members of a Darfur rebel group to death by hanging for ambushing a convoy in Jan, 2010, and killing 54 soldiers escorting it.
    (AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, Syria hit out at the Arab League for the treatment it has meted out to Damascus, accusing it of ignoring the presence of "terrorists" in the country and prematurely imposing economic sanctions. Tens of thousands of supporters of President Bashar al-Assad took to the streets to protest against the Arab League sanctions.
    (AFP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, In Tunisia a group of students, who were for the most part not enrolled at Manouba university, camped out to demand the right for women students to wear the full veil, known as the niqab. They also demanded a place of prayer on campus.
    (AFP, 1/24/12)
2011        Nov 28, The United Nations completed the first-ever global assessment of the state of the planet's land resources, finding in “"State of the World's Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture," that a quarter of all land is highly degraded and warning the trend must be reversed if the world's growing population is to be fed.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, UN climate negotiations opened in Durban, South Africa, with pressure building to salvage the only treaty limiting greenhouse gas emissions.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, The UN released a report a detailing alleged torture and ill treatment in lockups controlled by the forces that overthrew dictator Moammar Gadhafi. The report says that Libyan revolutionaries still hold about 7,000 people, many of them sub-Saharan Africans who in some cases are accused or suspected of being mercenaries hired by Gadhafi.
    (AP, 11/29/11)
2011        Nov 28, A UN investigation concluded that Syrian forces committed crimes against humanity by killing and torturing hundreds of children, including a 2-year-old girl reportedly shot to death so she wouldn't grow up to be a demonstrator.
    (AP, 11/28/11)
2011        Nov 28, Yugoslavia's last PM Ante Markovic (87) died in Zagreb, Croatia. He tried to prevent the former country's bloody breakup in the 1990s.
    (AP, 11/28/11)

2012        Nov 28, The US government banned BP Plc from new federal contracts over its "lack of business integrity" in the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
    (Reuters, 11/29/12)
2012        Nov 28, In California Roy Curtis Marcum (45), an animal control officer from Elk Grove, was shot and killed while trying to retrieve pets from a home whose owner was evicted a day earlier. Joseph Francis Corey (65) was arrested the next day and faced murder charges.
    (SFC, 11/30/12, p.C2)
2012        Nov 28, In New Hampshire David Kwiatkowski, a traveling medical technician, was indicted on 14 new charges. He is believed to have infected at least 39 people with hepatitis C through his use of stolen hospital drugs and syringes.
    (SFC, 11/30/12, p.A8)
2012        Nov 28, Spain Rodriguez (72), Zap Comix artist and influential cartoonist, died in San Francisco after battling cancer for 6 years.
    (SFC, 11/29/12, p.C3)
2012        Nov 28, Zig Ziglar (86), motivational speaker, died in Plano, Texas.
    (SFC, 11/29/12, p.A6)
2012        Nov 28, An int’l. investigating committee reported that a small clique of executives and shareholders had run Afghanistan’s Kabul Bank for their own enrichment. When the bank failed in 2010 over 90% of its loan book was extended to just 12 individuals and their companies.
    (Econ, 12/1/12, p.47)
2012        Nov 28, Brazil’s Supreme Court sentenced the last 3 of 25 defendants convicted on charges involving a congressional cash-for-votes scheme.
    (SFC, 11/29/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 28, Congo rebels believed to be backed by Rwanda began retreating from the territory they seized last week and pulled out of Masisi. Gen. Sultani Makenga, the military chief of the eight-month-old rebellion, said that his fighters intend to abide by an ultimatum issued by the nations neighboring Congo, which called for the M23 rebels to retreat no later than Nov 30 to 20 km (12 miles) outside of Goma.
    (AP, 11/28/12)
2012        Nov 28, Egypt's two highest appeals courts suspended their work to protest presidential decrees that gave the country's Islamist leader Mohammed Morsi nearly absolute powers, state television reported.
    (AP, 11/28/12)
2012        Nov 28, An Egyptian court convicted in absentia seven Egyptian Coptic Christians and a Florida-based American pastor and sentenced them to death on charges linked to an anti-Islam film that had sparked riots in parts of the Muslim world.
    (AP, 11/28/12)
2012        Nov 28, Iran's nuclear chief says uranium enrichment will move ahead with "intensity" with a sharp increase in the number of centrifuges used to make the nuclear fuel.
    (AP, 11/28/12)
2012        Nov 28, In Iraq gunmen broke into the home of two anti-al-Qaida militiamen, killing seven family members in the town of Tarmiyah.
    (AP, 11/28/12)
2012        Nov 28, A report from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center said thousands of people in Ivory Coast continue to flee their homes because of ongoing land conflicts and residual tension from last year's postelection violence.
    (AP, 11/29/12)
2012        Nov 28, In Mexico Juventina Villa Mojica, an environmental activist, was killed along with her son (10) when some 30 gunment intercepted her police convoy in souther Guerrero state.
    (SFC, 11/30/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 28, A majority of Dutch parties said the Netherlands no longer needs a law making it a crime to insult God, which hasn't been invoked in the past half-century.
    (AP, 11/28/12)
2012        Nov 28, In Syria twin suicide car bombs ripped through a Damascus suburb minutes apart, killing at least 34 people with 83 injured. Regime warplanes struck rebel-held areas in the northern Idlib province and Damascus suburbs. Rebels claimed they shot down a Syrian air force fighter jet near Daret Azzeh.
    (AP, 11/28/12)
2012        Nov 28, In Tunisia a strike in a low income region degenerated into a second day of clashes between police and protesters, leaving 177 people injured, including some seriously.
    (AP, 11/28/12)
2012        Nov 28, Venezuela’s Pres. Chavez arrived in Havana for more medical treatment to strengthen his health.
    (SFC, 11/29/12, p.A3)
2012        Nov 28, Gunmen in Yemen opened fire on the car of a Saudi Arabian army officer working with his embassy's military section, killing him and his Yemeni bodyguard.
    (AP, 11/28/12)

2013        Nov 28, The comet C/2012 S1 (ISON), first spotted in April 2012 by Russian astronomers, made contact with the sun’s fiery corona. It was named after the Int’l. Scientific Optical Network. Astronomers were unsure if the comet survived.
    (SFC, 11/28/13, p.D2)(SFC, 11/29/13, p.A15)
2013        Nov 28, In California Itzcoatl Ocampo (25), convicted in 2012 for killing homeless men in southern California, died after ingesting Ajax cleaning powder.
    (SFC, 11/30/13, p.A6)
2013        Nov 28, Doctors in Texas declared Marlise Munoz (33) brain dead due to a blood clot suffered two days earlier. She was 14-weeks pregnant at the time and the hospital said it could not withdraw life sustaining treatment due to a 1999 state law. Life support was withdrawn on Jan 26, 2014, following an order by a Fort Worth judge.
    (Econ, 1/25/14, p.25)
2013        Nov 28, In Afghanistan two roadside bombs killed six civilians in the country's eastern Nangarhar province. A coalition airstrike killed a child and injured two women, leading to a condemnation of the attack by the country's president. The ISAF strike also killed an insurgent in Helmand province. The top US commander in Afghanistan apologized to President Hamid Karzai for the drone strike earlier in the day that killed a child and NATO promised an investigation.
    (AP, 11/28/13)(AP, 11/29/13)(SFC, 11/30/13, p.A4)
2013        Nov 28, In Bangladesh a teenager was killed and 17 people suffered burn injuries after a suspected opposition supporter hurled a petrol bomb into a crowded bus.
    (AFP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, London Mayor Boris Johnson stated in so many words that inequality is in the nature of capitalism because those with a low IQ are ill-equipped to spread opportunity to all who can compete for its spoils.
    (Econ, 12/7/13, p.61) 
2013        Nov 28, England's High Court overturned a decision to grant bail to an Italian mafia boss who was arrested in London after two decades on the run. Domenico Rancadore was wanted in Italy to serve a seven-year jail term for his role in the Sicilian mafia and authorities are seeking his extradition.
    (AFP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, In London Rakesh Bhayani (41) was sentenced for the murder of Carole Waugh, a wealthy London woman whose body was found stuffed in a car trunk months after her disappearance. Nicholas Kutner (48), was ordered to serve 13 years in prison after he admitted conspiracy to commit fraud.
    (AP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, British energy provider Npower, a subsidiary of German giant RWE, announced plans to cut about 1,460 jobs in Britain and outsource customer service operations to India.
    (AFP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, In the Central African Republic Ugandan foces killed Col. Samuel Kangul, a senior commander of the Lord's Resistance Army and 13 of his rebel fighters.
    (AP, 12/1/13)
2013        Nov 28, Chinese media said authorities have broken up six rings that smuggled around $164 million worth of cars into the country over the past three years, including more than 80 top-end models such as BMWs and Rolls-Royces.
    (Reuters, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, The Colombian government and leftist FARC rebels resumed peace talks amid differences over coca cultivation, blamed by political leaders for drug-linked violence and killings.
    (AFP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, EU leaders meeting in Vilnius sought to revive a stalled agreement with Ukraine after the former Soviet republic shocked the 28-country bloc last week by opting for closer ties with Russia instead.
    (AP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, In Iran a 5.7 magnitude earthquake on the Gulf coast near the country’s sole nuclear power plant killed eight people and injured 190.
    (AFP, 11/28/13) 
2013        Nov 28, In Iraq three car bombs exploded at outdoor markets and on a street full of shops near Baghdad, the deadliest of a series of attacks across the country that killed at least 29 people.
    (AP, 11/28/13)(SFC, 11/29/13, p.A2)
2013        Nov 28, An Israeli court jailed six Israeli Arab citizens over the mob killing in 2005 of Jewish gunman Eden Nathan-Zaada (19) after he went on a deadly rampage on a bus in their town.
    (Reuters, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, Kenya launched construction of a Chinese-funded 13.8 billion dollar (10-billion euro) flagship railway project, hoping to dramatically increase trade and boost Kenya's position as a regional economic powerhouse.
    (AFP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, In Libya gunmen opened fire on a vehicle in Benghazi killing a soldier. More than 40 people were killed in an explosion at an army depot in southern Libya after locals tried to steal ammunition.
    (AFP, 11/28/13)(Reuters, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, In Mali Tuareg demonstrators occupied an airport runway to prevent PM Oumar Tatam Ly visiting the rebel-controlled northeastern town of Kidal. Protesters said Malian soldiers shot and wounded three of the demonstrators, but the Malian army denied that.
    (AFP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, Nigeria's government stepped in to stop a long-running strike by university lecturers, ordering an immediate end to the dispute and vowing to sack teachers who refused to cooperate. 17 people died in a an attack when gunmen in pick-up trucks torched more than 100 shops and vehicles in the Sabon Gari area of the Damboa district. 7 fishermen were ambushed and killed in another attack in Baga, a fishing community on Lake Chad.
    (AFP, 11/28/13)(AFP, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 28, In Russia criminal charges were filed against Anatoly Serdyukov, a former defense minister (2007-2012). He was accused of using servicemen and government funds to build a road to a vacation home and do landscaping work on the property.
    (AP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, A Russian court granted bail to the last Greenpeace activist still in custody over a protest against offshore oil drilling in the Arctic. Greenpeace said Australian Colin Russell (59) will be released from pre-trial detention in St. Petersburg when 2-million-rouble ($60,000) bail is posted.
    (AP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, In South Korea a "safety-related action" automatically shut down one of the country’s 23 nuclear reactors, bringing the tally of those closed to six and hiking the chances of power blackouts this winter.
    (Reuters, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, South Korean and Japanese flights through China's new maritime air defense zone added to the international defiance of rules Beijing says it has imposed in East China Sea but that neighbors and the US have vowed to ignore.
    (AP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, The Syrian army recaptured the strategic town of Deir Attiyeh, less than a week after losing it, taking the advantage in its bid to crush rebels just north of Damascus.
    (AFP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, Thailand's embattled PM Yingluck Shinawatra Thailand's begged protesters to call off their sustained anti-government demonstrations and negotiate an end to the nation's latest crisis. Shinawatra easily won a no-confidence vote in parliament, but failed to pacify anti-government protesters who rejected calls for talks and massed by the thousands in the capital.
    (AP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, A Thai court sentenced British kickboxer Lee Aldhouse to 25 years in prison for the 2010 murder of former US Marine Dashawn Longfellow (23) following a bar fight on the island of Phuket. The sentence was reduced from life imprisonment because Aldhouse pleaded guilty to the stabbing death.
    (AFP, 11/28/13)
2013        Nov 28, Vietnam passed a revised Constitution that reaffirmed the dominant political and economic role of the Communist Party.
    (SFC, 11/29/13, p.A5)

2014        Nov 28, In Missouri demonstrators shut down a shopping mall near Ferguson at the start of the holiday shopping season as protests over the killing of an unarmed black teen by a white police officer turned on some retailers around the country.
    (Reuters, 11/29/14)
2014        Nov 28, In Texas Larry McQuilliams (49) attempted to set the Mexican Consulate in Austin ablaze and fired more than 100 rounds at downtown buildings before he was fatally shot by police.
    (AP, 11/28/14)(SFC, 11/29/14, p.A5)
2014        Nov 28, In Afghanistan insurgents killed 5 Afghan soldiers in an assault Camp Bastion, Helmand province, that lasted more than 14 hours. 2 police officers were killed and two wounded in a suicide attack on their vehicle in the Nawzad district of Helmand province. In eastern Nangahar province 31 people were wounded when a mosque was bombed during Friday prayers.
    (AP, 11/28/14)(AP, 11/29/14)
2014        Nov 28, In southern Algeria 2 demonstrators were killed when clashes broke out late today between riot police and residents demanding better living conditions in Touggourta.
    (Reuters, 11/29/14)
2014        Nov 28, British police blasted stores for bringing "Black Friday" to Britain, with the US sales event descending into chaotic fist fights as frenzied consumers battled to grab discounted goods.
    (AFP, 11/28/14)
2014        Nov 28, Britain sentenced 7 Somali men for charges including rape, sexual activity with a child, causing or inciting child prostitution and trafficking for sexual exploitation, relating to four victims.
    (AFP, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 28, British scientists announced trials on a 15-minute Ebola test in Guinea as France's Francois Hollande arrived in Conakry, becoming the first Western leader to visit one of the countries devastated by the epidemic. France has pledged 100 million euros ($125 million) in the fight against the epidemic focusing its efforts on Guinea.
    (AFP, 11/28/14)
2014        Nov 28, In China the standing committee of Xinjiang's parliament, banned the practice of religion in government buildings and stipulated penalties of between 5,000 and 30,000 yuan ($4,884) for individuals who use the Internet, mobile phones or digital publishing to undermine national unity, social stability or incite ethnic hatred.
    (Reuters, 11/30/14)
2014        Nov 28, In China a group of "terrorists" launched an attack on civilians in Shache county, Xinjiang region, leaving 15 people dead and 14 wounded. 11 "terrorists" were also reported shot dead during the violence.
    (AFP, 11/29/14)(AP, 11/30/14)
2014        Nov 28, Egyptian security forces quickly put down scattered protests as an attempt by Islamists to hold the first major anti-government rallies in months fizzled, with at least two protesters and three army and navy officers killed in separate incidents.
    (AP, 11/28/14)
2014        Nov 28, European Union police coordination agency Europol said police around the world have arrested 118 suspects in a global investigation into online fraud that targets the travel industry, a crime said to cost airlines $1 billion a year.
    (AP, 11/28/14)
2014        Nov 28, German media reported that Germany has approved BlackBerry's purchase of encryption firm Secusmart after signing a "no-spy" agreement with the Canadian smartphone maker.
    (AP, 11/28/14)
2014        Nov 28, In Germany Tugce Albayrak died on her 23rd birthday, after her family gave doctors permission to switch off her life support. She had been hit in the head while defending two teenage girls from male harassment on the night of Nov 15. Attacker Sanel M. (18) was under police custody.
    (AP, 12/1/14)
2014        Nov 28, In Iraq bombings and a shooting killed 9 people around the capital, Baghdad. US Central Command said the US military and its allies have hit Islamic State forces with 15 air strikes in Iraq and Syria during a three-day period.
    (AP, 11/28/14)(Reuters, 11/27/14)
2014        Nov 28, Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman proposed that Arab citizens of Israel be offered financial incentives to leave the country and relocate to a future Palestinian state. An Italian man marching in support of Palestinians in the northern West Bank was shot and seriously wounded by Israeli forces.
    (Reuters, 11/28/14)(AP, 11/28/14)
2014        Nov 28, In southern Japan the Mount Aso volcano blasted out chunks of magma in the first such eruption in 22 years, causing flight cancellations and prompting warnings to stay away from its crater.
    (AP, 11/30/14)
2014        Nov 28, Saeed Akl (b.1912), Lebanon's leading poet, died. Some of his most famous poems were sung by Lebanon's top singer, Fayrouz, including the emotional "Take Me Back to My Country," a song that was played endlessly on radios during the country's 15-year civil war.
    (AP, 11/28/14)
2014        Nov 28, Renato Usatii, a Rolls Royce-driving Moldova businessman who has done business with Russian Railways, fled the country. He said that he feared arrest by Moldova's pro-European authorities.
    (AP, 11/28/14)
2014        Nov 28, Namibia voted in parliamentary and presidential elections. PM Hage Geingob, the presidential candidate of the ruling SWAPO party, was expected to win. President Hifikepunye Pohamba, was stepping down after serving two five-year terms.
    (AP, 11/28/14)
2014        Nov 28, In southern Nepal a two-day festival, believed to be the largest animal sacrifice ritual in the world, began. More than 5,000 buffaloes were ritually killed during the day. Devotees of the festival, held every five years, believe the sacrifices bring good luck and a Hindu goddess will grant their wishes.
    (AP, 11/28/14)
2014        Nov 28, Phillip John Smith (40), a convicted killer and pedophile from New Zealand, was deported from Brazil to New Zealand. He had fled to Brazil on Nov 6 while on temporary release from prison.
    (AP, 11/28/14)
2014        Nov 28, In Nigeria at least 102 people were killed and over 150 wounded in a series of bomb blasts at the central mosque in Kano.
    (AP, 11/28/14)(AP, 11/29/14)
2014        Nov 28, Pope Francis arrived in Turkey to encourage Muslim leaders to take a stronger stand against extremists who twist religion to justify terrorism. He condemned the Islamic State group's assault on Christians and other religious minorities in Iraq and Syria.
    (AP, 11/28/14)

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