Today in History - November 30

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St. Andrew’s Day: People of Scotland celebrate the achievements of their country and their forefathers.
    (SFC, 11/29/02, p.A29)

538        Nov 30, St. Gregory of Tours, chronicler and bishop, was born.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1016        Nov 30, Edmund II (27), Ironsides, King of Saxons, died.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1340        Nov 30, John, Duke de Berry, captain of Paris and art collector, was born.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1406        Nov 30, Pope Gregory XII, born Angelo Correr or Corraro, succeeded Pope Innocent VII.
    (AP, 2/11/13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Gregory_XII)

1466        Nov 30, Andrea Doria, Genoese statesman and admiral, was born.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1508        Nov 30, Andrea Palladio (d.1580), [Andrea di Piero della Gondola], Italian Renaissance architect, was born in Padua.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrea_Palladio)

1523        Nov 30, Amsterdam banned the assembly of heretics.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1528        Nov 30, Great Wierd, Dutch Gelderland army commander, was beheaded.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1554        Nov 30, Sir Philip Sidney (d.1586), English poet, statesman and soldier was born.
    (HN, 11/30/98)(MC, 11/30/01)
1554        Nov 30, England reconciled with Pope Julius III.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.18)(MC, 11/30/01)

1609        Nov 30, Galileo began observing the moon with his perspicullum from Padua, Italy.
    (CW, Spring ‘99, p.34)

1648        Nov 30, English army captured King Charles I.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1667        Nov 30, Jonathan Swift (d.1745), English satirist who wrote “Gulliver's Travels," was born in Ireland.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1437)(HN, 11/30/98)

1678        Nov 30, Roman Catholics were banned from English parliament.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1753        Nov 30, Johann Baptist Schenk, composer, was born.
    (MC, 11/30/01)
1753        Nov 30, Benjamin Franklin received Godfrey Copley Penny ("A penny saved...!").
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1776        Nov 30, Captain Cook began his 3rd and last trip to the Pacific South Seas.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1777        Nov 30, San Jose, California, was founded by the Spanish as El Pueblo de San Jose de Guadeloupe, California's first town.
    (SFEC, 7/11/99, BR p.1)(SFC, 9/2/99, p.A12)(SFC, 11/30/07, p.B4)
1777        Nov 30, Jean-Marie Leclair (74), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1782        Nov 30, The United States and Britain signed preliminary peace articles in Paris, recognizing American independence and ending the Revolutionary War.
    (AP, 11/30/97)(HN, 11/30/98)

1798        Nov 30, Friedrich Fleischmann (32), composer, died.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1803        Nov 30, Spain, in a ceremony at New Orleans, completed the process of ceding Louisiana to France, which had sold it to the United States.
    (CO, Grolier’s, 11/10/95)(AP, 11/30/04)

1804        Nov 30, Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase went on trial, accused of political bias. He was acquitted by the Senate.
    (AP, 11/30/97)

1810        Nov 30, Oliver Fisher Winchester, rifle maker, was born.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1835        Nov 30, Samuel Langhorne Clemens (d.1910), author, -- better known under his penname as Mark Twain -- was born in Florida, Mo. "Truth is stranger than fiction, but it is because fiction is obliged to stick to possibilities; truth isn't." "Everybody's private motto: It's better to be popular than right." [see 1835 Nov. 30]
    (HFA, '96, p.18)(AHD, 1971, p.1385)(WUD, 1994, p.276) (AP, 6/2/97)(AP, 10/17/97)(AP, 11/30/97)

1838        Nov 30, Mexico declared war on France.
    (HN, 11/30/98)

1861        Nov 30, Harper's Weekly publishes E.E. Beers' "All quiet along the Potomac."
    (MC, 11/30/01)
1861        Nov 30, The British Parliament sent to Queen Elizabeth an ultimatum for the United States, demanding the release of two Confederate diplomats who were seized on the British ship Trent.
    (HN, 11/30/98)

1864        Nov 30, Battle of Honey Hill, SC, (Broad River). 96 were killed and 665 wounded.
    (MC, 11/30/01)
1864        Nov 30, The Union won the Battle of Franklin, Tenn., where John B. Hood ordered a disastrous assault on Union earthworks. There were 7,700 casualties. Maj. Gen’l. Patrick R. Cleburne, division commander in the Army of Tennessee, was killed at the battle of Franklin. In early 1864 he had advocated the abolition of slavery and the formal opening of the Confederate Army of the Freedmen. In 2005 Robert Hicks authored the novel “The Widow of the South," set around the Battle of Franklin.
    (HN, 11/30/98)(SFC, 11/29/02, p.A23)(AM, 11/04, p.28)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.F1)

1866        Nov 30, Work in Chicago began on 1st US underwater highway tunnel.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1874        Nov 30, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, British statesman, was born at Blenheim Palace in Oxfordshire, England. After attending the Royal Military College, he served as a reporter and writer, and then in different positions in Parliament as his political power grew. His most influential role was as British prime minister during World War II from 1940 to 1945. Churchill had been part of the Cabinet during World War I, but his judgment was questioned and his political career ebbed. Up against the threat of Adolf Hitler, however, Churchill committed himself to defeating the Nazis and succeeded. Working together with President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Josef Stalin, he managed to turn the tide of the war in favor of the Allies. Churchill served again as prime minister from 1951 to 1955. He died at his home in London in 1965.
    (AP, 11/30/97)(HNPD, 11/30/98)(HN, 11/30/98)
1874        Nov 30, Lucy Maud Montgomery, author, was born. Her work included “Anne of Green Gables."
    (HN, 11/30/00)

1885        Nov 30, Albrecht (von) Kesselring, German field marshal, was born.
    (MC, 11/30/01)
1885        Nov 30, Jules Massenet's opera "Le Cid" had its premier in Paris. It included text from the playwright Corneille's "Le Cid."
    (WSJ, 11/18/99, p.A24)(MC, 11/30/01)

1886        Nov 30, 1st commercially successful AC electric power plant opened in Buffalo.
    (MC, 11/30/01)
1886        Nov 30, Folies Bergere introduced an elaborate review featuring women in sensational costumes. Years later, the Folies followed the Parisian taste for striptease and gained a reputation for spectacular nudie shows. The Folies had originated as a hall for operettas, pantomime, and even political meetings.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1900        Nov 30, The French government denounced the British government and declared sympathy for the Boers.
    (HN, 11/30/98)
1900        Nov 30, A German engineer patented front-wheel drive for automobiles.
    (MC, 11/30/01)
1900        Nov 30, Irish author Oscar Wilde (b.1856) died in a Paris hotel room after saying of the room's wallpaper: "One of us had to go." In 2000 “the Complete Letters of Oscar Wilde," edited by Merlin Holland, Wilde’s grandson, was published.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.279)(AP, 11/30/97)(HN, 11/30/00)(SFC, 12/1/00, p.C12)

1906        Nov 30, President Theodore Roosevelt publicly denounced segregation of Japanese school children in San Francisco.
    (HN, 11/30/98)
1908        Nov 30, SF Police Chief William J. Biggy disappeared off a police boat in the SF Bay. The chief was last seen vomiting over the side of the launch. He had been under pressure since the shooting of prosecutor Francis J. Heney 2 weeks earlier. Biggy’s body was pulled from the bay 2 weeks later.
    (SSFC, 11/30/08, DB p.58)(SSFC, 12/14/08, p.54)(SFC, 2/17/09, p.A10)

1907        Nov 30, Jacques Barzun, French author, was born. Hi books included “The House of Intellect" (1959).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacques_Barzun)

1912        Nov 30, Gordon Parks, black artist, photographer, and author of "The Learning Tree," was born in Fort Scott, KS. He directed the film “Shaft" in 1971.
    (HN, 11/30/98)(www.britannica.com)

1914        Nov 30, The SF Chronicle reported that police officers were being forced to trade in their helmets for new caps. The caps were being sold by George E. Gallagher, president of the Board of Education. Chief of police White had apparently slipped Gallagher information about the hats allowing him to place an advanced order from New York.
    (SSFC, 11/23/14, Par p.42)

1915        Nov 30, Brownie McGhee, singer and guitarist, was born.
    (HN, 11/30/00)

1919        Nov 30, Women cast votes for the first time in French legislative elections.
    (HN, 11/30/98)

1922        Nov 30, Hitler spoke to 50,000 national socialists (Nazis) in Munich.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1924        Nov 30, Shirley Chisholm (d.2004), first African-American congresswoman (1968), was born as Shirley St. Hill in NYC.
    (SFC, 1/3/05, p.A3)
1924        Nov 30, 1st photo facsimile transmitted across Atlantic by radio from London to NYC.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1929        Nov 30, Dick Clark (d.2012), rock-n-roll promoter, was born in Mount Vernon, NY.
    (SFC, 4/19/12, p.C5)
1929        Nov 30, Joan Ganz Cooney, television executive, was born in Phoenix, Az. She founded the Children's Television Workshop and was the mastermind behind "Sesame Street."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_Ganz_Cooney)

1930        Nov 30, George Gordon Liddy, head CIA, Watergate felon, radio host, was born.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1931        Nov 30, Bill Walsh, NFL coach (SF 49ers) and sportscaster, was born.
    (MC, 11/30/01)
1931        Nov 30, His Master's Voice and Columbia Records merge into EMI.
    (MC, 11/30/01)
1931        Nov 30, The submarine Nautilus was sunk near Bergen, Norway. Hubert Wilkins, Australian explorer, had used the ship in a failed attempt to sail beneath the North Pole.
    (ON, 1/02, p.8)

1934        Nov 30, Lazaro Cardenas, following July elections, began serving as PRI president (1934-1940) of Mexico.
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, p.A26)

1935        Nov 30, Non-belief in Nazism was proclaimed grounds for divorce in Germany.
    (HN, 11/30/98)
1935        Nov 30, Fernando Pessoa (b.1888), Portuguese poet, died.
    (Econ, 10/04/08, p.92)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando_Pessoa)

1936        Nov 30, Abbie Hoffman, aka Free, Yippie, activist and author (Steal this Book), was born.
    (MC, 11/30/01)
1936        Nov 30, London's famed Crystal Palace, constructed for the International Exhibition of 1851, was destroyed in a fire.
    (AP, 11/30/97)

1937        Nov 30, Paul Stookey, singer (Peter, Paul & Mary), was born in Baltimore, Md.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1938        Nov 30, Germany banned Jews from being lawyers.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1939        Nov 30, The Russo-Finnish war began when Stalin attacked Finland with 4 armies, 540,000 men, 2485 tanks, and 2000 guns. Finnish troops were led by Field Marshall Gustaf Mannerheim. Over the next two weeks, a greatly outnumbered Finnish army resisted the invasion of nearly fifty Red Army divisions--over one million men. The Finnish used forest combat to inflict heavy damage on the Russian invaders. The British and French came to the Finnish defense in mid-December but by March, the "Peace of Moscow" treaty was signed, and Finland ceded 16,000-square miles of land to the Soviet Union, including the city of Vyborg and the Karelian Isthmus.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)(AP, 11/30/99)(MC, 11/30/01)
1939        Nov 30, Bela Kun (53), [Balazs Kolozsvary], Hungarian revolutionary, died.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1941        Nov 30, The 101 year old Nyack-Tarrytown (NY) ferry made its last run.
    (www.nyacknewsandviews.com/2010/11/no-ferry-tomorrow-or-any-day-since-41/)
1941        Nov 30, Japanese Emperor Hirohito consulted with admirals Shimada and Nagano.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1944        Nov 30, A US Navy reconnaissance plane crashed into the south face of Mount Tamalpais, in Marin County, Ca. 8 Navy fliers were killed.
    (SSFC, 11/29/09, p.A1)
1944        Nov 30, Biggest and last British Battleship, HMS Vanguard, ran aground.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1945        Nov 30, Radu Lupu, pianist (Enesco 1st prize-1967), was born in Galati, Romania.
    (MC, 11/30/01)
1945        Nov 30, Russian forces took Danzig, and invaded Austria.
    (HN, 11/30/98)

1947        Nov 30, David Mamet, playwright and director (Speed the Plow, House of Games), was born in Chicago.
    (MC, 11/30/01)
1947        Nov 30, A day after the UN decree for Israel, Jewish settlements were attacked.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1948        Nov 30, Communists completed the division of Berlin, installing the government in the Soviet sector.
    (HN, 11/30/98)

1949        Nov 30, Chinese Communists captured Chungking.
    (AP, 11/30/97)

1950        Nov 30, President Truman declared that the U.S. would use the A-bomb to get peace in Korea.
    (HN, 11/30/98)

1952        Nov 30, Mandy Patinkin, actor and singer (Yentl, Alien Nation, Chicago Hope), was born in Chicago.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1953        Nov 30, French parachutists under Col. De Castries attacked Dien Bien Phu. The French expeditionary force was under the direction of Gen. Henri Navarre. In 2004 martin windrow authored “The Last Valley: Dien Bien Phu and the French Defeat in Vietnam."
    (Econ, 4/3/04, p.86)

1954        Nov 30, A meteorite struck Mrs. Elizabeth Hodges of Alabama as she was sleeping on a couch. The space rock was a sulfide meteorite weighing 8.5 pounds and measuring seven inches in length. Mrs. Hodges was not permanently injured but suffered a nasty bruise along her hip and leg.  This was the 1st modern report of a Meteorite striking a human.
    (MC, 11/30/01)
1954        Nov 30, Wilhelm Furtwangler (68), German conductor and composer, died. He was Hitler’s favorite conductor but was never a card carrying Nazi.
    (SFC, 1/3/97, p.C6)(MC, 11/30/01)

1955        Nov 30, "Pipe Dream" opened at Shubert Theater in NYC for 245 performances.
    (MC, 11/30/01)
1955        Nov 30, Argentine government disbanded the Peronist party.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1956        Nov 30, U.S. offered emergency oil to Europe to counter the Arab ban.
    (HN, 11/30/98)
1956        Nov 30, Britain and France bowed to UN pressure and agreed to leave the Suez Canal. Russia and the US forced a combined British, French and Israeli operation against Nasser in the Suez to abort.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1685)(TMC, 1994, p.1956)

1957        Nov 30, An assassination attempt on Indonesian Pres. Sukarno killed 8.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1960        Nov 30, In San Francisco demolition began of the old Fontana spaghetti factory on North Point Street. It will be replaced by twin 17-story towers, the Fontana East and Fontana West, each with 130 apartments. The old warehouse, built between 1868 and 1870, was first used as a woolen mill and converted to a spaghetti factory around the turn of the century.
    (SSFC, 11/28/10, DB p.50)

1961        Nov 30, Soviets vetoed a UN seat for Kuwait, pleasing Iraq.
    (HN, 11/30/98)

1962        Nov 30, U Thant of Burma, who had been acting secretary-general of the United Nations following the death of Dag Hammarskjold the year before, was elected to a four-year term.
    (AP, 11/30/08)

1966        Nov 30, The former British colony of Barbados became independent.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 11/30/97)

1967        Nov 30, Sen. Eugene McCarthy began a run for US presidency.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1968        Nov 30, Montesino Sanchez, a Cuban, hijacked a Boeing 720 from Miami to Cuba.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Cuba-US_aircraft_hijackings)

1971        Nov 30, TV movie "Brian's Song," aired for the 1st time on ABC-TV.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0068315/)

1973        Nov 30, John Dean (b.1938), White House counsel, pleaded guilty to one count of conspiring to obstruct justice in the Watergate scandal and served 3 months in jail.
    (SFC, 2/26/99, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Dean)

1974        Nov 30, "Good Evening" with Dudley Moore and Peter Cook closed at the Lunt-Fontanne Theater in NYC after 438 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?id=3658)
1974        Nov 30, India and Pakistan in accordance with the Simla Agreement, signed a Protocol for Trade. This Protocol ended a 10-year trade ban and expired in 1978.
    (http://publishedforscholar.wordpress.com/2006/12/18/india-pakistan-relations/)

1977        Nov 30, Terence Rattigan (b.1911), English playwright, died. In 1997 Geoffrey Wansell wrote his biography.
    (SFC, 6/23/97, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terence_Rattigan)

1978        Nov 30, In Chile the remains of 15 disappeared were discovered in Lonquen. The Vicaria publicly announced the discovery of an illegal burial ground in an abandoned limestone mine in Lonquén which had been used to conceal the bodies of 15 people who had disappeared since the onset of the military regime in 1973.
    (www.chipsites.com/derechos/1978_eng.html)

1979        Nov 30, John Paul II, while on a pilgrimage to Turkey, became the first pope in 1,000 years to attend an Orthodox mass.
    (www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/travels/sub_index1979/trav_turkey.htm)
1979        Nov 30, Zeppo Marx (b.1901), US comic, died. Born as Herbert Marx he was the youngest of the 5 Marx Brothers.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0555688/bio)

1981        Nov 30, The United States and the Soviet Union opened negotiations in Geneva aimed at reducing nuclear weapons in Europe.
    (AP, 11/30/97)

1982        Nov 30, Michael Jackson (12958-2009) released “Thriller," his 6th studio album. It became the best-selling album of all time.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thriller_(album))

1983        Nov 30, Radio Shack announced the Tandy Model 2000 computer (80186 chip).
    (www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/Lakes/6757/t2kfaq.txt)
1983        Nov 30, Police freed kidnapped beer magnate Alfred Heineken in Amsterdam.
    (www.cedmagic.com/museum/press/ced-timeline-1983.html#11-1983)

1987        Nov 30, Author James Baldwin died in St. Paul de Vence, France, at age 63. His work included "Notes of a Native Son," "Nobody Knows My Name," and "The Fire Next Time." In 1991 James Campbell published the biography: "Talking at the Gates: A Life of James Baldwin."
    (AP, 11/30/97)(SFC, 12/30/98, p.A2)
1987        Nov 30, In an interview broadcast by NBC, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev acknowledged that his country was engaged in "Star Wars"-related research, but said there were no plans to build a space-based system against nuclear attack.
    (AP, 11/30/97)

1988        Nov 30, San Francisco Mayor Art Agnos, on the eve of World AIDS Day, asked city residents to light candles in their windows to recognize those who were sick or had already succumbed to the disease.
    (SFC, 12/1/14, p.C1)
1988        Nov 30, The UN General Assembly (151-2) adopted resolution 43/28 in which it has been informed of the decision of the Host Country, the US, to deny the PLO's Arafat a visa.
    (www.palestine-un.org/chron/eighties.html)
1988        Nov 30, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. (KKR) was declared winner of the corporate free-for-all to take over RJR Nabisco Inc. with a bid of $24.53 billion. The 1991 book "Barbarians at the Gate," by Bryan Burrough and John Helyar, described the takeover.
    (AP, 11/30/98)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)(WSJ, 8/10/01, p.A1)
1988        Nov 30, Margaret Mee, artist and naturalist, died in a car crash in England. She had recently completed her painting of the night-bloomer Selenicereus witii in the Amazon jungle. In 1999 an exhibit of her 30 years of Brazilian jungle artwork was put on display at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.
    (SFC, 5/29/99, p.A7)(http://ravenel.si.edu/botany/botart/mee.htm)

1989        Nov 30, President Bush left Washington for his first summit with Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev that took place aboard ships off the Mediterranean island of Malta.
    (AP, 11/30/99)
1989        Nov 30, Alfred Herrhausen, chairman of West Germany's largest bank, was killed in a bombing claimed by the Red Army Faction. No Red Army member was charged and in 2007 officials began to focus on Stasi, the East German police.
    (AP, 11/30/99)(Econ, 4/29/06, p.88)(WSJ, 9/15/07, p.A1)

1990        Nov 30, President Bush announced that Secretary of State James Baker the Third would go to Iraq in a last-ditch diplomatic peace effort.
    (AP, 11/30/00)
1990        Nov 30, President Bush named outgoing Florida Governor Bob Martinez to head the nation’s war on drugs.
    (AP, 11/30/00)
1990        Nov 30, Harken Energy transferred $20 million in debt to a Harvard partnership, and eliminated another $16 million in debt by transferring assets to Harvard. George W. Bush served as a Harken board member and paid consultant.
    (WSJ, 10/9/02, p.A4)
1990        Nov 30, Author Norman Cousins died in Los Angeles at age 75.
    (AP, 11/30/00)

1991        Nov 30, Boris Yeltsin's Russian Federation agreed to bail out Mikhail S. Gorbachev's central Soviet government from a budget crisis that threatened to cut off the salaries of millions of workers and paralyze the country.
    (AP, 11/30/01)

1992        Nov 30, The U.S. Supreme Court sustained women's basic right to abortion, voting 6-3 against reviving a 1990 Guam law that would have prohibited nearly all such procedures.
    (AP, 11/30/97)

1993        Nov 30, President Clinton signed into law the Brady bill, which required a five-day waiting period for handgun purchases and background checks of prospective buyers.
    (AP, 11/30/98)
1993         Nov 30, Authorities in California arrested Richard Allen Davis (b.1954), who confessed to abducting and slaying Polly Klaas (12) of Petaluma. Polly had been abducted from her home on October 1, 1993. On August 5, 1996, Davis was sentenced to death and sent to Death Row in San Quentin State Prison.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Allen_Davis)(AP, 11/30/98)

1994         Nov 30, Rapper and actor Tupac Shakur (1971-1996) was shot five times during a robbery outside a New York recording studio. Two days later a jury found him guilty of sexually abusing a woman, but acquitted him of more serious sex and weapons charges.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tupac_Shakur#September_1996_shooting)(AP, 11/30/04)
1994        Nov 30, Loanshark Sabato Lombardi was murdered during a card game in Brooklyn. Mario Fortunato of the famed Fortunato Brothers Bakery in Greenpoint was later convicted in federal and in state court for planning the murder. Both verdicts were overturned by appeals courts. In 2014 Fortunato won a $300,000 settlement in the NY state Court of Claims.
    (SFC, 12/31/14, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/n9hou6p)
1994        Nov 30, Two passengers died and nearly 1,000 others and crew members fled the cruise ship "Achille Lauro" after it caught fire off the coast of Somalia; the ship sank two days later. The Achille Lauro had gained notoriety in 1985 when it was hijacked by Palestinian extremists.
    (AP, 11/30/99)
1994        Nov 30, Guy Debord (b.1931), French political theorist and filmmaker, died. His books included “Society of the Spectacle" (1967).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guy_Debord)
1994        Nov 30, In Nepal Man Mohan Adhikari (1920-1999) succeeded Girija Prasad Koirala as prime minister. He represented the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) and was the first democratically-elected Communist Party member to be PM in Nepal.   
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Girija_Prasad_Koirala)

1995        Nov 30, President Clinton became the first US chief executive to visit Northern Ireland, where he implored Roman Catholics and Protestants alike not to surrender to the impulses of “old habits and hard grudges."
    (AP, 11/30/00)
1995        Nov 30, It was reported that global warming over the last 100 years was measured to be one degree Fahrenheit.
    (WSJ, 11/30/95, p.B-12)
1995        Nov 30, Israeli soldiers fired on hundreds of stone-throwing Palestinians in the West Bank district of Nablus. In another incident 2 Israeli soldiers were wounded near the town of Jenin.
    (WSJ, 12/1/95, p.A-1)

1996        Nov 30, Novelty singer Tiny Tim (71), best remembered for his '60s rendition of "Tiptoe Thru' the Tulips," died in Minneapolis.
    (AP, 11/30/97)(MC, 11/30/01)
1996        Nov 30, The current UN mandate in Haiti expired. It was extended one year.
    (SFC, 10/2/96, p.A7)(SFEC, 11/30/97, p.A20)
1996        Nov 30, In Serbia some 150,000 people filled the streets of Belgrade to protest against Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic.
    (SFEC, 12/1/96, p.A1)(AP, 11/30/97)
1996        Nov 30, In Sierra Leone Pres. Ahmad Tejan Kabbah and rebel leader Foday Sankoh signed a peace accord. Nearly 1 million displaced people have settled in camps around the capital, Freetown.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A13)
1996        Nov 30, It was reported that in the Tororo district of southeastern Uganda, Okecho killed a male baboon for damaging his maize and banana plantations. Some 30 baboons mourned the death of their comrade and carried him off. The baboons later returned and killed Okecho and pulled out his heart.
    (SFC, 11/30/96, p.A10)
1996        Nov 30, In Zaire a volcano erupted near the Rwanda-Uganda border.
    (SFC, 12/2/96, p.A12)

1997        Nov 30, It was reported that the US State Dept. was reminding local and state police that foreign citizens arrested in the US have a right to contact their governments under the Vienna Convention of Consular Relations ratified by the US and over 160 other countries.
    (SFEC, 11/30/97, p.A3)
1997        Nov 30, Composer and guitarist Michael Hedges (43) died in an auto accident in Mendocino County, Ca. His albums included “Breakfast in the Field" (1983), “Aerial Boundaries" (1984), “Taproot" (1990), and “The Road to Return" (1994). His recordings helped establish the Wyndham Hill record label co-founded by guitarist Will Ackerman.
    (SFC, 12/5/97, p.B8)
1997        Nov 30, Czech Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus handed in his government’s resignation in the wake of revelations that his party maintained a slush fund in Switzerland and had received campaign donations from a businessman buying a state-owned steel mill.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)(SFC, 12/2/97, p.A10)(AP, 11/30/98)
1997        Nov 30, In the Congo the government accused foreign broadcaster of tarnishing its image and shut down all local FM transmissions of international radio stations.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)
1997        Nov 30, In Haiti the UN mandate for peace-keeping forces ended and 1,170 soldiers prepared to leave.
    (SFEC, 11/30/97, p.A20)
1997        Nov 30, In Honduras Carlos Flores Facusse (47), a newspaper owner, appeared to have won the presidential elections. He defeated Nora Gunera de Melgar of the National Party, the widow of a former military president.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A12)
1997        Nov 30, In India two bomb blasts in a crowded New Delhi market left 3 dead and 62 injured.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)
1997        Nov 30, In Tajikistan Karine Mane of France and 5 of her suspected abductors were killed by a grenade during a confrontation with government forces trying to free her. A companion had been released hours earlier. Faction leader Rezvon Sadirov was accused of the kidnapping, staged to seek freedom for his brother, Bakhrom, who was awaiting trial on kidnapping charges.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)(AP, 11/30/98)

1998        Nov 30, Pres. Clinton pledged an extra $400 million to aid the Palestinians over the next 5 years. This was in addition to the current $100 million per year for the next 5 years. A total of $3 billion in aid was pledged.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/1/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 30, The new US computerized instant-check on gun sales began. After one week 951 sales were disqualified out of a total of 177,391.
    (SFC, 12/8/98, p.A10)
1998        Nov 30, Deutsche Bank AG announced it was acquiring Bankers Trust Corp. for more than $10 billion.
    (AP, 11/30/99)
1998        Nov 30, In LA 3 people were left dead following a drive-by shooting, carjacking and police chase. Officer Brian Brown (27) was killed as was suspect Oscar Zatarain (23). The victim of the drive-by was unnamed.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, A3)
1998        Nov 30, Margaret Walker Alexander, black author, died at age 83. Her work included the 1942 poem “For My People," and the 1966 novel “Jubilee."
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.B2)
1998        Nov 30, Britain along with Lesotho, Burkino Faso, the Ivory Coast and Tajikistan signed a global treaty for an Int’l. Criminal Court to try war crimes. The accord was approved in July at conference in Rome and 61 countries had signed on. The court required 60 countries to pass legislation for ratification.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A11)
1998        Nov 30, Quebec's separatist premier, Lucien Bouchard, was returned to power, but with only 43 percent of the vote, setting back the Parti Quebecois' goal of seeking independence from Canada. The party won 42.7% of the vote vs. 43.7% for the Liberals.
    (AP, 11/30/99)(SFC, 12/1/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 12/2/98, p.A1)
1998        Nov 30, In Iraq at the Radwaniya prison west of Baghdad 30 more prisoners were executed.
    (USAT, 3/24/99, p.18A)
1998        Nov 30, In Seoul Buddhist monks clashed for a 3rd time with rival factions in a dispute over leadership. Some 40 people were injured. The trouble began when Song Wol Ju, head of the Chogye Buddhist order, sought a 3rd four-year term. He later offered to resign but his followers refused to give ground. The order controls an annual budget of some $9.2 million plus property valued in the millions.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A10)(SFC, 12/3/98, p.A16)

1999        Nov 30, The FTC approved the $81 billion merger of Exxon and Mobil Oil Corps. begun in Dec 1997.
    (SFC, 12/1/99, p.A1)   
1999        Nov 30, In Seattle riot police struggled with at least 40,000 protestors who forced the World Trade Organization to cancel the opening session of a 3-day 135-nation trade summit meeting. Mayor Paul Schell declared a state of emergency and a night curfew and Gov. Gary Locke called in some 200 unarmed National Guard.
    (SFC, 12/1/99, p.A1)(AP, 11/30/00)
1999        Nov 30, It was reported that the EU passed the Electronic Signature Directive, a law that gave legal status to digital signatures.
    (WSJ, 12/1/99, p.A24B15)
1999        Nov 30, In Kuwait the Parliament rejected a bill that would have allowed women to vote by a vote of 32-30. Only men over 21, who had held Kuwaiti nationality for 20 years, were allowed to vote or run for office.
    (SFC, 12/1/99, p.C5)

2000        Nov 30, Gov. Bush proceeded with transition plans as Al Gore asked a Florida judge to begin an immediate review of 13,000 ballots from Palm Beach and Dade counties. GOP lawmakers in Tallahassee moved to award the presidency to George W. Bush in case the courts did not by appointing their own slate of electors.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.A1)(AP, 11/30/01)
2000        Nov 30, The Dow Jones fell to 10,414 and the Nasdaq fell 109 points to 2,597.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 30, The space shuttle Endeavour took off to the Int’l. Space Station with a crew of 5 to install new solar panels.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.A14)
2000        Nov 30, In Brazil a 5,000 page report, begun in Apr 1999, was released and covered the $25 billion drug trafficking trade and implicated almost 200 public authorities including 10 national and state legislators.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.F2)(SFC, 12/1/00, p.A21)
2000        Nov 30, In Britain the Labor government passed legislation that lowered the age of consent for gays and lesbians from 18 to 16.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.A21)
2000        Nov 30, The British Freedom of Information Act of 2000 received Royal Assent. It gave a general right of access to all types of recorded information held by public authorities and places obligations on public authorities to disclose information, subject to a range of exemptions. In common with other public bodies, the Library was required to implement the Act fully from January 2005.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.84)(www.bl.uk/about/policies/freedom.html)
2000        Nov 30, In Indonesia Pres. Wahid ordered military action against secessionist provinces.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.A20)
2000        Nov 30, North and South Korea made their 2nd exchange of 100 relatives each. Some 100,000 South Koreans were on waiting lists for family visits.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.D8)
2000        Nov 30, In Nigeria dozens were incinerated while scooping gasoline from a pipeline.
    (WSJ, 12/1/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 30, Palestinians rejected a scaled-back peace plan proposed by Ehud Barak.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.A1)
2000        Nov 30, In Zimbabwe Pres. Mbeki of South Africa and Pres. Obasanjo of Nigeria admonished Pres. Mugabe to abide by laws and to curtail the seizure of white-owned farms.
    (WSJ, 12/1/00, p.A1)

2001        Nov 30, US warplanes continued airstrikes around Kandahar. US Marine and Navy increased to around 1,200.
    (SFC, 12/1/01, p.A4)
2001        Nov 30, Gary Leon Ridgway (b.1949) was arrested in connection with 4 of 7 Green River serial killings in Washington state. Four murders were linked to him through DNA and three through paint he used at his job. In 2003 he pleaded guilty to 48 counts of aggravated murder, although the estimates ran much higher. On December 18, 2003, King County Superior Court Judge Richard Jones sentenced Ridgway to 48 life sentences with no possibility of parole and one life sentence, to be served consecutively.
    (AP, 11/30/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gary_Ridgway#Victims)
2001        Nov 30, In Georgia, former DeKalb County Sheriff Sidney Dorsey and two other men were arrested and charged with murder in the slaying of Sheriff-elect Derwin Brown, who had defeated Dorsey in a bitter runoff election. Dorsey was later convicted and sentenced to life in prison; the two other men were acquitted of murder in a separate trial.
    (AP, 11/30/02)
2001        Nov 30, Enron executives awarded themselves big bonuses 2 days before the company filed for bankruptcy (Dec 2). They soon reneged on severance pay promised to 4,500 laid-off employees.
    (SFC, 2/6/02, p.A1)
2001        Nov 30, Robert Tools, the first person in the world to receive a fully self-contained artificial heart, died in Louisville, Ky., of complications after severe abdominal bleeding; he had lived with the device for 151 days.
    (AP, 11/30/02)
2001        Nov 30, A French court convicted 19 Islamic militants for their role in channeling arms and false Ids to insurgents in Algeria.
    (SFC, 12/1/01, p.A3)

2002        Nov 30, It was reported that NYC estimated 37,000 homeless.
    (SFC, 11/30/02, p.A4)
2002        Nov 30, In Uttar Pradesh, India, a mystery epidemic was reported to have killed 44 at least Indian children in just over a month.
    (Reuters, 11/30/02)
2002        Nov 30, International weapons hunters in Iraq paid an unannounced visit to a military post previously declared "sensitive" and restricted by Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/30/03)
2002        Nov 30, At least 11 people were killed and 30 wounded in separatist clashes in the northern Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
    (AP, 11/30/02)
2002        Nov 30, A 16-year-old Palestinian boy was shot and killed on his way home from school east of Gaza city, and another was wounded.
    (AP, 11/30/02)
2002        Nov 30, Israeli troops shot dead one Palestinian and a second Palestinian man died under the rubble of one of the three homes the soldiers demolished in an overnight operation in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/1/02)
2002        Nov 30, In the Ivory Coast French troops evacuated the city of Man. The western rebels called themselves the Ivorian Popular Movement for the Greater West and held Danane. The northern rebels called themselves the Patriotic Movement of Ivory Coast and denied connection to the western rebels.
    (SSFC, 12/1/02, p.A18)
2002        Nov 30, Turkey lifted curfews and restrictions on gatherings in two predominantly Kurdish provinces, ending 15 years of emergency rule in southeastern Turkey and fulfilling a requirement toward joining the European Union.
    (AP, 11/30/02)
2002        Nov 30, A fire ripped through the packed La Guajira nightclub in downtown Caracas, killing 50 people, most of them suffocated by smoke in what was one of the deadliest blazes in Venezuela's recent history.
    (AP, 12/3/02)(AP, 11/30/03)

2003        Nov 30, Walt Disney Company vice chairman Roy E. Disney stepped down from the board of directors.
    (AP, 11/30/04)
2003        Nov 30, In Cincinnati, Ohio, a 350-pound black man died after being clubbed by police. An autopsy showed that Nathaniel Jones (41) had an enlarged heart and that his blood contained cocaine and PCP.
    (SFC, 12/2/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 30, Barber B. Conable Jr. (81), former U.S. congressman and World Bank chairman, died in Sarasota, Fla.
    (AP, 11/30/04)
2003        Nov 30, Gertrude Ederle (98), the first woman to swim the English Channel, died in Wyckoff, N.J.
    (AP, 11/30/04)
2003        Nov 30, In Brazil Todd and Michelle Staheli were beaten to death in bed at home in an exclusive Rio de Janeiro neighborhood. Todd Staheli (39), an American executive with Shell oil company, and his wife were found slain the next day. In 2004 Jociel Conceicao dos Santos (20), a handyman, recanted a confession and denied he killed the American couple. He blamed two other Brazilians for the crime. In 2006 Jossiel Conceicao dos Santos (22) was convicted and sentenced to 25 years in prison for killing the American couple.
    (AP, 12/1/03)(AP, 3/5/06)
2003        Nov 30, In western Iraq guerrillas killed two U.S. soldiers and wounded a third in an ambush. Gunmen shot and killed 2 South Korean electricians and wounded 2 others as they drove apparently to a power transmission plant they were working at in Tikrit.
    (AP, 11/30/03)
2003        Nov 30, The US military said 54 Iraqis were killed in the northern city of Samarra as US forces used tanks and cannons to fight their way out of simultaneous ambushes while delivering new Iraqi currency to banks. Residents said the next that the casualty figure was much lower and that the dead were mostly civilians.
    (AP, 12/1/03)(SFC, 12/2/03, p.A1)
2003        Nov 30, A 3rd day of storms in Honduras left at least 3 people dead.
    (SFC, 12/1/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 30, A bus carrying Kuwaitis returning from the funeral of a Shiite Muslim religious leader overturned in southern Iraq, killing at least 15 people.
    (AP, 11/30/03)
2003        Nov 30, In Malaysia 2 passenger buses collided on a windy road in the Kuala Lipis district, killing at least 14 people.
    (AP, 11/30/03)
2003        Nov 30, Some 200 Palestinians attacked Palestinian negotiators traveling to Geneva for the signing ceremony of symbolic deal, reached by former Israeli and Palestinian negotiators, that would establish a Palestinian state with unprecedented concessions by both sides.
    (AP, 11/30/03)
2003        Nov 30, A Gaza Strip car explosion in Rafah killed Yusuf Matar, an Islamic Jihad activist.
    (SFC, 12/1/03, p.A3)
2003        Nov 30, Syria handed over 22 suspects to Turkey in connection with the Nov 16 suicide bombings in Istanbul.
    (SFC, 12/1/03, p.A16)

2004        Nov 30, US Pres. George W. Bush flew to Ottawa, Canada, for a whirlwind visit designed to begin mending international fences in the wake of the Iraq war.
    (AP, 11/30/04)
2004        Nov 30, Tom Ridge, head of US homeland security, said he will leave his job no later than Feb 1.
    (SFC, 12/1/04, p.A1)
2004        Nov 30, Kweisi Mfume (56), head of the NAACP, said he is stepping down.
    (SFC, 12/1/04, p.A3)
2004        Nov 30, Ken Jennings ended his 74-game winning streak on Jeopardy when he missed a question on H&R Block. His winnings had reached $2,520,700 as he lost to real estate agent Nancy Zerg. In 2006 Jennings authored “Brainiac," an account of his Jeopardy experiences.
    (WSJ, 12/1/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/16/06, p.P10)
2004        Nov 30, Congo-based Rwandan rebels, under threat of imminent attack by Rwanda, repeated an allegation that Rwandan troops had crossed the border in recent days to seize the vast country's mineral-rich east.
    (AP, 11/30/04)
2004        Nov 30, Cuba's communist government freed dissident writer Raul Rivero from prison. Cuba unexpectedly released three political dissidents for health reasons: economics writer Oscar Espinosa Chepe, who has a liver ailment, Marcelo Lopez, who has a neurological disorder, and Margarito Broche, who suffered a heart attack in prison.
    (AP, 11/30/04)
2004        Nov 30, The 28th Cairo International Film Festival, the biggest in the Middle East, opened with US and British films excluded from competition for "technical" reasons.
    (AP, 11/28/04)
2004        Nov 30, A suicide bomber detonated a car packed with explosives next to a US convoy on Baghdad's dangerous airport road leaving several casualties.
    (AP, 11/30/04)
2004        Nov 30, A Lion Air MD-82 passenger plane from Jakarta carrying nearly 150 people skidded off a runway in Solo, Indonesia, and split into two pieces killing at least 31 people.
    (AP, 11/30/04)(SFC, 12/1/04, p.A3)
2004        Nov 30, Italy ground to a halt as millions of workers observed a general strike in protest against the economic policies of Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi's centre-right government.
    (AFP, 11/30/04)
2004        Nov 30, Pakistan's acting president signed legislation that will allow Gen. Pervez Musharraf to remain as both head of the state and army chief beyond Dec. 31.
    (AP, 11/30/04)
2004        Nov 30, Clashes between landless farmworkers and Paraguayan security forces left a police officer dead and 20 other people injured in a resurgence of violence.
    (AP, 12/1/04)
2004        Nov 30, The death toll from landslides and flash floods in the eastern Philippines jumped to nearly 340 with 150 others missing, after a second rainstorm hit a region still reeling from last week's deadly typhoon. Excess logging was blamed for the landslides. Only some 70,000 sq. km. of forest remained from an estimated 300,000 a hundred years ago.
    (AP, 11/30/04)(Econ, 12/11/04, p.42)
2004        Nov 30, Opposition supporters tried to rush through the doors of the parliament building after Ukrainian lawmakers appeared to backslide from supporting measures that would overturn the results of last week's disputed presidential election.
    (AP, 11/30/04)

2005         Nov 30, President Bush gave an unflinching defense of his Iraq war strategy in a speech at the U.S. Naval Academy, refusing to set a timetable for US troop withdrawals and asserting that once-shaky Iraqi troops were proving increasingly capable.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2005        Nov 30, The Atlantic storm season ended with a record 26 as tropical storm Epsilon formed without posing a risk.
    (WSJ, 11/30/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 30, After almost a year of research into data from the space probe Huygens, scientists reported that Saturn's moon Titan resembles Earth in many ways but is unlikely to support life.
    (Reuters, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 30, Actress Jean Parker died in Woodland Hills, Calif., at age 90.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2005        Nov 30, Human Rights Watch in Italy released a list of 26 “ghost detainees" held by the US incommunicado at secret foreign prisons.
    (SFC, 12/2/05, p.A19)
2005        Nov 30, Belgian police arrested 14 people in raids on several homes as part of a probe into a woman thought to be the first European female suicide bomber in Iraq.
    (AFP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 30, Brazils’ government said federal police are evicting settlers and loggers from an Amazon area that experts believe is home to one of the world's most isolated Indian tribes.
    (AP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 30, In London Uganda-born John Sentamu was enthroned as the first black archbishop in the Church of England.
    (AP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 30, Dalianhe, China, shut down its water system as a toxic slick caused by the Nov 13 chemical plant explosion at Jilin arrived on the Songhua River.
    (AP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 30, SF mayor Gavin Newsom signed a new memorandum of agreement with Shanghai Mayor Han Zheng, the 8th since the 2 cities forged a formal relationship in 1980.
    (SFC, 12/1/05, p.B10)
2005        Nov 30, In Cuba Panama's President Martin Torrijos greeted dozens of his compatriots as they arrived in Havana for free eye operations, the latest sign of warming relations between the two countries.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Nov 30, Ecuador swore in a new Supreme Court, seven months after former President Lucio Gutierrez dismissed the entire bench, a move that led to his ouster.
    (AP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 30, The Muslim Brotherhood said Egyptian police rounded up hundreds of Muslim Brotherhood organizers in the two days before the last stage of parliamentary elections, bringing the total in two weeks to over 1,600.
    (AP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 30, French doctors performed the world’s 1st partial face transplant. They operated on a woman (38) disfigured by a dog bite.
    (SFC, 12/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Nov 30, Iraqi and US troops launched a joint operation in an area west of Baghdad used to rig car bombs. American soldiers rounded up 33 suspected insurgents in southern parts of Baghdad. Gunmen shot to death 9 Shiite Muslim laborers near Baquba.
    (SFC, 12/1/05, p.A17)
2005        Nov 30, Shimon Peres quit Israel's Labor Party, his political home of six decades, to campaign for Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's new organization. Israel's Supreme Court ruled that a suspected Israeli mob boss, described by US prosecutors as one of the world's most wanted drug traffickers, can be extradited to the US.
    (AP, 11/30/05)(AP, 11/30/06)
2005        Nov 30, A Tokyo appeals court ordered the Japanese government to pay more than $27 million in compensation to residents affected by noise from a US air base, raising the amount awarded by a lower court.
    (AP, 11/30/05)
2005        Nov 30, In Japan police arrested Juan Carlos Pizarro Yagi (30), a Peruvian man of Japanese descent, for the murder of 7-year-old schoolgirl whose body was found Nov 22 in a cardboard box in western Japan. A DNA match led to the arrest.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Nov 30, Mexican officials said that they are investigating a homemade DVD purporting to show four drug hitmen for the Gulf Cartel being beaten and interrogated, then one of them being shot in the head.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Nov 30, The Yugoslav war crimes tribunal acquitted Fatmir Limaj, a senior officer of the Kosovo Albanian rebels, of torturing and murdering ethnic Serbian and Albanian civilians at a prison camp during the 1998-1999 war. A 2nd defendant, Isak Musliu, was also acquitted, while the third, Haradin Bala, was sentenced to 13 years in prison for executing nine prisoners in the woods in July 1998.
    (AP, 12/01/05)

2006        Nov 30, Iowa Gov. Tom Vilsack (55) launched his campaign for the US presidency. He ended his bid Feb 23, 2007, due to what he called financial constraints.
    (SFC, 12/1/06, p.A6)(WSJ, 2/24/07, p.A1)
2006        Nov 30, The ABC TV soap opera All My Children depicted a character about to undergo a transition from man to woman.
    (SFC, 12/1/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 30, Microsoft Corp. released Windows Vista for businesses. This was the 1st major upgrade to its operating system in 5 years. Release for retail customers was set for Jan 30.
    (SFC, 12/1/06, p.D1)
2006        Nov 30, Tens of thousands of Australians rallied against controversial industrial relations laws, temporarily bringing parts of the country's major cities to a halt. Critics said the laws passed 12 months ago strip power from unions and erode job security, wages and conditions.
    (AFP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, British authorities said traces of radiation have been found at a dozen sites in Britain and five jets were being investigated for possible contamination as authorities widened their investigation into the poisoning of a former Russian spy.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Cambodia's PM Hun Sen condemned attempts by Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels to push for a separate state, after talks in Phnom Penh with the island's premier.
    (AFP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Central African Republic government soldiers regained control of Ouadda, the second town taken back from rebels, and pursued a counter-offensive northwards.
    (AFP, 12/1/06)
2006        Nov 30, In northeastern Colombia the Gabriel Galvis unit of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) attacked an army patrol, killing 17 soldiers and injuring four. An air force training helicopter crashed in central Colombia, killing all five aboard.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Nov 30, In Egypt a state security court sentenced three Islamic militants to death for their involvement in suicide attacks that killed 34 people at Sinai resorts in 2004.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Talks to avert a coup in Fiji were deemed "a failure" by the country's military commander, who issued a fresh threat that he will quickly move to replace the government if it doesn't meet his demands. Commodore Frank Bainimarama said that the government had not gone far enough and he set a next day deadline for its capitulation. Bainimarama wants the government to kill legislation that would grant pardons to conspirators in a 2000 coup, and quash two other bills that he says unfairly favor majority indigenous Fijians over the ethnic Indian minority.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Police in India filed charges against 28 suspects over the Mumbai train blasts in July that killed 185 people, and alleged the attacks were linked to Pakistan's spy agency and militant groups. India’s parliament tabled the Sachar report, which investigated the condition of India’s Muslims. The report showed Muslims to be stuck at the bottom of almost every economic or social heap.
    (AFP, 11/30/06)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.48)(Econ, 3/2/13, p.42)
2006        Nov 30, Indian troops shot dead four Islamic militants in revolt-hit Kashmir, including a commander (Ali Baba alias Abu Hufeza) believed to have been involved in last year's bombings in New Delhi.
    (AFP, 12/1/06)
2006        Nov 30, President Bush in Jordan said the US will speed a turnover of security responsibility to Iraqi forces but assured PM Nouri al-Maliki that Washington is not looking for a "graceful exit" from a war well into its fourth violent year. Today's meetings were supposed to be Bush's second set of strategy sessions in Amman. But the first meeting between Bush and al-Maliki, a day earlier along with Jordan's king, was scrubbed. PM Nouri al-Maliki called on lawmakers and Cabinet ministers loyal to an anti-American cleric to end their boycott of the government in response to his summit with President Bush. 47 people were killed across Iraq including 37 bodies found dumped in various regions. An American soldier was killed during combat in Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/30/06)(AP, 12/1/06)(SFC, 12/1/06, p.A15)
2006        Nov 30, Japan's lower house of parliament passed a bill to create a cabinet-level defense ministry for the first time since World War II.
    (AFP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Mexican police found the bullet-ridden bodies of two men, including a missing journalist, just days after the body of another slain reporter was found in the area. Police discovered the body of reporter Adolfo Sanchez Guzman (32) near Ciudad Mendoza, 75 miles west of Veracruz, not far from where his car was found abandoned on Nov 28. Police on Dec 1 arrested Juan Carlos Palestino (30) and Julian Rosas Palestino (34) after witnesses said the two brothers had been looking for Martinez. The brothers had accused Martinez of stealing their truck.
    (AP, 12/1/06)(AP, 12/5/06)
2006        Nov 30, Human Rights Watch said Myanmar army attacks against a rebellious minority have forced thousands of civilians to flee their homes, with many trekking as far as the Thai border for food and shelter.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Amsterdam city officials said they are shutting down nearly a third of the 350 prostitution "windows" in the famed Red Light District as part of a crackdown on crime.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Nigeria opened the first ever summit of African and South American leaders. Participants called for greater control by the two continents over their vast reserves of raw materials. The inaugural gathering also set to tackle issues ranging from the conflict ravaging the Darfur region of Sudan to the boosting of inter-continental trade.
    (AFP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Typhoon Durian, the 4th major typhoon to hit the Philippines in four months, killed 198 people and left 260 others missing. The figures included 109 people who died in mudslides on the slopes of the Mayon volcano that also injured 130.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Nov 30, In Russia doctors treating former PM Yegor Gaidar, who fell ill in Ireland last week, said they believed he was poisoned.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, The East African Community (EAC) said Rwanda and Burundi have been accepted as members, expanding the regional economic bloc to five nations. The EAC previously grouped Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, which hoped to transform the region into a political federation.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, In Somalia a car blast killed 9 people near the Somali government seat of Baidoa in an attack the administration blamed on Islamists backed by al Qaeda. An attack on Ethiopian troops left 20 dead.
    (AFP, 12/1/06)(WSJ, 12/1/06, p.A1)
2006        Nov 30, South Africa became the first country in Africa, and only the fifth in the world, to legalize same sex marriages.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Sudan's president rejected a proposal to send UN peacekeepers to Darfur to boost a beleaguered 7,000-member African Union force, crushing hopes for a quick solution to the violence spreading across central Africa.
    (AP, 11/30/06)
2006        Nov 30, Pope Benedict XVI visited Istanbul's famous Blue Mosque in a dramatic gesture of outreach to Muslims.
    (AP, 11/30/07)
2006        Nov 30, Zimbabwe's finance minister predicted marginal economic growth in the coming year and that the country's four-figure inflation rate would dip to 350% as he presented the budget for 2007.
    (AFP, 11/30/06)

2007        Nov 30, Leeland Eisenberg (46) of Somersworth, NH, carrying what appeared to be a bomb, took hostages at a Clinton campaign office in Rochester, NH, before surrendering after a 6-hour standoff. Eisenberg, one of over 500 recipients of payments in a 2003 settlement over clergy sexual abuse, said he wanted help getting psychiatric care.
    (WSJ, 12/1/07, p.A1)(SSFC, 12/2/07, p.A21)
2007        Nov 30, Scientists at Duke Univ. reported the creation of the first map of genes that are inherited as “silenced genes." The Duke map verified 40 and identified another 156. Humans were first shown to have silenced genes in 1991. They help explain why some people get sick and others do not.
    (SFC, 11/30/07, p.A7)
2007        Nov 30, An Amtrak train and a freight train collided on a track on the South Side of Chicago, injuring dozens of people.
    {Train Crash, Chicago, USA}
    (AP, 11/30/08)
2007        Nov 30, Evel Knievel (b.1938), the hard-living US motorcycle daredevil, died in Florida. His rocket-powered jumps and stunts made him an international icon in the 1970s.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2007        Nov 30, In Aruba a judge ordered the release of two brothers suspected in the 2005 disappearance of American teenager Natalee Holloway, ruling that the evidence wasn't strong enough to continue holding them.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2007        Nov 30, Australian PM-elect Kevin Rudd said he would pull the country's 550 combat troops out of Iraq by the middle of next year.
    (AP, 11/30/07)
2007        Nov 30, Brazil’s President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva visited a teeming hillside shantytown to launch a multimillion-dollar program to build an outdoor elevator, sewage systems, improve roads and upgrade housing for slum residents.
    (AP, 11/30/07)
2007        Nov 30, In Chad anti-government rebels declared a "state of war" against French and foreign military forces in an apparent warning to an EU peacekeeping force that plans to deploy soon in eastern Chad.
    (Reuters, 11/30/07)
2007        Nov 30, The $1.2 million film “Lost in Beijing" directed by Li Yu was released in China and made over $1.8 million before it was censored for sexually explicit scenes in uncut, pirated copies. Li Yu was banned from producing films for 2 years.
    (SFC, 1/5/08, p.E4)
2007        Nov 30, Colombian officials released newly obtained videos of rebel-held hostages, among them three US defense contractors and a former presidential candidate, the first images in years providing evidence the captives may be alive.
    (AP, 11/30/07)
2007        Nov 30, The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OECD) awarded its rotating chairmanship in 2010 to Kazakhstan.
    (Econ, 12/8/07, p.50)
2007        Nov 30, India's Tata Steel signed a joint venture with Australia's Riversdale Mining to develop a hard coking and thermal coal project in Mozambique.
    (AP, 11/30/07)
2007        Nov 30, An 18-month attempt to persuade Iran to halt uranium enrichment collapsed after a senior EU envoy failed to dent Iran's resolve to expand the technology, despite the threat of new UN sanctions.
    (AP, 11/30/07)
2007        Nov 30, Iraqi police captured a suspect believed responsible for supplying and coordinating roadside bomb attacks against American and Iraqi troops. Gunmen abducted Raid al-Saaiy, the dean of a technical institute in Amarah, a Shiite militia stronghold about 200 miles southeast of Baghdad, leaving behind his car and driver. Adnan al-Dulaimi, head of Iraq’s largest Sunni political block (the Iraqi Accordance Front), was placed under house arrest after an employee was found with keys to a car rigged with explosives. Over 40 of his employees were detained including 2 accused of killing a member of a neighborhood watch group.
    (AP, 12/1/07)(SFC, 12/1/07, p.A6)
2007        Nov 30, In Italy a general transport strike by workers demanding more investment in the sector forced the cancellation of hundreds of flights and idled trains, ships and buses across the country.
    (AP, 11/30/07)
2007        Nov 30, Italian oil firm Eni and oil and gas exploration firm Burren Energy said they had agreed the terms of a takeover offer from Eni worth 1.74 billion pounds. Burren is an independent group quoted on the London stock exchange that runs oil and gas fields in Turkmenistan, Congo, Egypt and Yemen.
    (AP, 11/30/07)
2007        Nov 30, New Zealand officials said police have questioned the suspected teenage kingpin of an international cyber crime network accused of infiltrating 1.3 million computers and skimming millions of dollars from victims' bank accounts. Earlier this month, Ryan Goldstein, 21, of Ambler, Pa., was indicted in the case. Authorities allege that the New Zealand suspect and Goldstein were involved in crashing a University of Pennsylvania engineering school server Feb. 23, 2006. On Feb 29 Owen Thor Walker (18) was charged with two counts of accessing a computer for dishonest purpose, damaging or interfering with a computer system and possessing software for committing crime, and two counts of accessing a computer system without authorization. In 2008 Walker pleaded guilty to 6 charges of computer hacking.
    (AP, 11/30/07)(AP, 2/29/08)(SFC, 4/2/08, p.C2)
2007        Nov 30, Former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto published her manifesto for a January election, promising jobs for the poor if victorious but keeping open the option of boycotting the vote.
    (AP, 11/30/07)
2007        Nov 30, In the Philippines 50 military officers and their supporters, including a former vice president, were under arrest and others were being sought following a failed attempt to trigger a "people power" revolt against the president.
    (AP, 11/30/07)
2007        Nov 30, Poland's new PM Donald Tusk paid a low-key visit to Lithuania on his first foreign trip. Lithuania and Poland were locked in a dispute about their relative share of the future output of a nuclear power plant that the two countries, plus Latvia and Estonia, planned to build in Lithuania by 2015.
    (www.eubusiness.com/news-eu/1196435824.82)
2007        Nov 30, President Vladimir Putin signed a law suspending Russia's participation in the Conventional Forces in Europe treaty.
    (AP, 11/30/07)
2007        Nov 30, In Russia fund manager Oleg Shvartsman said in an interview in Kommersant, a mainstream business newspaper, that his $3.2 billion fund was closely connected to the Kremlin’s administration and security services. Shvartsman said he reported indirectly to Igor Sechin, chair of the Rosneft oil company.
    (Econ, 12/8/07, p.60)
2007        Nov 30, Thousands of Sudanese, many armed with clubs and knives, rallied in a central square and demanded the execution of a British teacher convicted of insulting Islam for allowing her students to name a teddy bear "Muhammad."
    (AP, 11/30/07)
2007        Nov 30, In Geneva the International Red Cross said 7 countries including the US and Britain have joined in a new move to ensure the safety of journalists in war zones. France, Germany, Australia, Canada and Denmark also committed themselves to accept a new nonbinding accord on protecting correspondents in line with the Geneva Conventions on the conduct of warfare.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2007        Nov 30, Turkey’s government authorized the military to launch a cross-border offensive against Kurdish rebels based in northern Iraq at any time.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2007        Nov 30, In southwest Turkey an Atlasjet plane crashed on a rocky mountain shortly before it was due to land, killing all 57 people on board.
    (AP, 11/30/07)
2007        Nov 30, In Venezuela some 200,000 gathered in Caracas as President Hugo Chavez urged supporters to approve constitutional changes that he said could keep him in power for life and threatened to cut off oil exports to the US if it tries to meddle in the Dec 2 vote.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2007        Nov 30, Thousands of Zimbabwean war veterans gathered in Harare to lead a "million-man march" in support of President Robert Mugabe's bid to extend his rule despite a severe economic crisis blamed on his government. Thousands of ZANU-PF supporters were ferried into the capital by bus and train.
    (Reuters, 11/30/07)

2008        Nov 30, The US space shuttle Endeavour ended a 16-day trip to the int’l. space station landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California after storms hit the main landing site in Florida.
    (SFC, 12/1/08, p.A4)
2008        Nov 30, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on foot attacked a German Embassy vehicle in Kabul. No Germans were hurt, but the blast killed two Afghans and wounded three.
    (AP, 11/30/08)
2008        Nov 30, In southern Australia a group of 150 whales that became stranded on a remote coastline were battered to death on rocks before rescuers could save them.
    (AP, 11/30/08)
2008        Nov 30, In Canada three opposition parties reached a tentative deal to defeat the minority Conservative government and then put together a coalition.
    (Reuters, 12/1/08)
2008        Nov 30, Chinese health authorities and the UN AIDS agency pledged to fight discrimination against people with the disease in China with the unveiling of a massive red ribbon, the symbol of AIDS awareness, at the Olympic Bird's Nest stadium in Beijing.
    (AP, 11/30/08)
2008        Nov 30, In northern China a coal mine blast killed 15 miners at the Changlong Coal Mine in Heilongjiang province. 3 rescuers died the next day in a cave-in.
    (AP, 12/1/08)
2008        Nov 30, Rebels in eastern Congo pulled out of Ishasha, a town on the Ugandan border they captured in fighting that forced 10,000 people to flee.
    (AP, 12/2/08)
2008        Nov 30, In Guatemala Mexican and Guatemalan drug traffickers, arguing about a horse race in the rural border town of Santa Ana Huista, began a series of gunbattles in which 17 people died.
    (AP, 12/1/08)
2008        Nov 30, In Haiti a dozen men in T-shirts declaring "I am gay" and "I am living with HIV/AIDS" marched with hundreds of other demonstrators through St. Marc in what organizers called the Caribbean nation's first openly gay march.
    (AP, 12/1/08)
2008        Nov 30, India's top security official, Home Minister Shivraj Patil, resigned as the government struggled under growing accusations of security failures following terror attacks that killed 174 people.
    (AP, 11/30/08)
2008        Nov 30, The head of Iran's nuclear power agency said the country is willing to help neighboring Arab countries build joint light-water nuclear power plants if they are interested.
    (AP, 11/30/08)
2008        Nov 30, Iraqi and Iranian troops exchanged the remains of soldiers killed during the 1980-1988 war between the two countries. It was the first such handover since the two signed an agreement in October to work together in tracing thousands still missing after the war.
    (AP, 11/30/08)
2008        Nov 30, Mexico’s President Felipe Calderon pledged to clean up corruption within his administration and vowed that his government would never negotiate with drug lords. The bodies of 9 decapitated men were found in a vacant lot in Tijuana, part of a wave of violence that claimed at least 23 lives over the weekend in this border city plagued by warring traffickers.
    (AP, 11/30/08)
2008        Nov 30, In Nigeria residents delivered more bodies to the main mosque in the central Nigerian city of Jos, bringing the death toll from two days of clashes between Muslim and Christian gangs to around 400 people. In July, 2009, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said more than 700 died in clashes in Jos, and urged the prosecution of members of security forces it accused of "arbitrary killings."
    (AP, 11/30/08)(AFP, 7/20/09)
2008        Nov 30, Six Pakistani security officers and two suspected militants were killed in new violence close to the Afghan border. Fighting in the past two days between ethnic and political gangs that left 16 people dead in Karachi.
    (AP, 11/30/08)
2008        Nov 30, Poland adopted an economic package for 2009-2010 valued at 24 billion euros (30 billion dollars) to help weather the impact of the global financial crisis.
    (AP, 11/30/08)
2008        Nov 30, Romanians trickled to the polls to elect a new parliament, as the leftist Social Democrats and right-wing Liberal Democrats battled it out ahead of PM Calin Tariceanu's Liberals. The leftist Social Democrats won the most votes, but failed to get enough support to take power outright.
    (AP, 11/30/08)(SFC, 12/1/08, p.A4)
2008        Nov 30, Pirates chased and shot at the M/S Nautica, a US cruise liner with more than 1,000 people on board, but failed to hijack the vessel as it sailed along a corridor patrolled by international warships.
    (AP, 12/2/08)
2008        Nov 30, Sri Lankan soldiers recaptured Kokavil, a key northern town near the headquarters of Tamil Tiger rebels, 18 years after the area was seized by the insurgents.
    (AP, 12/1/08)
2008        Nov 30, A pioneering Swiss program to give addicts government-authorized heroin was overwhelmingly approved, according to projections that showed voters simultaneously rejecting the decriminalization of marijuana.
    (AP, 11/30/08)
2008        Nov 30, In Thailand attackers set off explosions at anti-government protest sites, wounding 51 people and raising fears of widening confrontations in Thailand's worst political crisis in decades, which has strangled its economy and shut down its main airports. Thousands of government supporters wearing red shirts, headbands and bandanas joined a rally against the protest alliance. So far six people have been killed in bomb attacks, clashes with police and street battles between government opponents and supports.
    (AP, 11/30/08)
2008        Nov 30, Zimbabwe's health minister insisted that the country's crumbling medical system was taking all necessary measures to combat a cholera epidemic, even as more than 1,000 new cases were reported.
    (AP, 11/30/08)

2009        Nov 30, The US Dept. of Agriculture designated the Big Island of Hawaii a primary natural disaster area because of losses farmers suffered from volcanic emissions this year.
    (SFC, 12/1/09, p.A10)
2009        Nov 30, The United States recognized the results of a controversial election in Honduras but said the vote was only a partial step toward restoring democracy after a June coup that ousted the elected president.
    (Reuters, 12/1/09)
2009        Nov 30, An Algerian health organization (AnisS) warned that thousands of its people are unknowingly infected with the AIDS virus and called for more testing and prevention efforts.
    (AFP, 12/1/09)
2009        Nov 30, An Argentine judge issued an order blocking the continent's first gay marriage scheduled for Dec 1. National Judge Marta Gomez Alsina ordered the wedding blocked until the issue can be considered by the Supreme Court.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Nov 30, The EU Council of Ministers for Interior and Justice abolished visa requirements for citizens of the Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schengen_Area#Current)
2009        Nov 30, Interpol and the Kenya Wildlife Service said African authorities over the last 3 months had raided shops, intercepted vehicles at checkpoints and used sniffer dogs to detect and seize over 3,800 pounds (1,768kg) of illegal elephant ivory in a six-nation operation. This involved the wildlife authorities, police and customs departments of Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 30, Iran's nuclear chief said UN criticism pushed his country to retaliate by announcing ambitious plans for more uranium enrichment. With tensions rising over deadlocked negotiations, France said diplomacy was not working and sanctions against Iran were needed.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 30, Guantanamo detainees Adel Ben Mabrouk (39) and Mohamed Ben Riadh Nasri (43) arrived in Italy for trial on int’l. terrorism charges. The 2 Tunisian men were charged for allegedly recruiting fighters for Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 12/1/09, p.A2)
2009        Nov 30, North Korea began exchanging old notes following a 100 to 1 revaluation of its currency. Many shops were reported closed with citizens angry and panicked. The redenomination of the won led to a collapse of the currency, a surge in the price of rice and wiped out much traders’ working capital.
    (SFC, 12/2/09, p.A6)(Econ, 2/13/10, p.43)
2009        Nov 30, Pakistani security forces targeted militants fleeing a major army offensive close to the Afghan border, killing 10 of them.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 30, Scotland First Minister Alex Salmond set out plans which could pave the way for a referendum on independence.
    (Reuters, 2/16/12)
2009        Nov 30, In Switzerland the world's largest atom smasher broke the world record for proton acceleration Monday, firing particle beams with 20 percent more power than the American lab that previously held the record.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 30, Tajikistan unveiled a Chinese-built 500-kilowatt transmission line that will link the northern and central parts of the country. This would add to the poor nation's debt to China but reduce reliance on Uzbekistan, which planned to withdraw on Dec 1 from the Soviet-era power grid that unites four Central Asian countries. This prompted fears of electricity shortages that could make for a winter of hardship in impoverished Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Tajikistan, said the move will cut it off from gas-rich Turkmenistan.
    (AP, 11/30/09)
2009        Nov 30, The United Nations asked for $7.1 billion to pay for its humanitarian work around the world next year, with Sudan and its troubled Darfur region most in need and Afghanistan rising to second.
    (AP, 11/30/09)

2010        Nov 30, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton touched down in Astana, Kazakhstan, to attend the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) summit on a trip through Central Asia that will also see her visit Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, as well as Bahrain.
    (AFP, 11/30/10)
2010        Nov 30, Investors sold off government bonds from Spain, Portugal and Italy amid worries that Europe's debt crisis has not been contained by Ireland's bailout but will force more expensive rescue efforts.
    (AP, 11/30/10)
2010        Nov 30, The 2010 hurricane season came to an end. 10 storms were named with 12 hurricanes, none of which touched the US coastline.
    (SFC, 11/29/10, p.A7)
2010        Nov 30, Brazil’s government said troops would remain in the Complexo de Alemao slum, a sanctuary for many drug traffickers, for at least 6 months to maintain order. The recent operation to pacify the slum left at least 37 people dead.
    (SFC, 12/1/10, p.A2)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.49)
2010        Nov 30, British students held a third day of protests over plans to triple university tuition fees, with police urging them to avoid the violence that marked earlier demonstrations. Police arrested 153 people as over 1,000 students took to the streets of London.
    (AFP, 11/30/10)(SFC, 12/1/10, p.A2)
2010        Nov 30, Chad's army said it has entered the northwest part of neighboring Central African Republic and pushed out a group of rebels that had attempted to take the town of Birao.
    (AP, 12/1/10)
2010        Nov 30, The EU announced that Iran has agreed to discuss its nuclear program at a meeting next week in Geneva.
    (AP, 11/30/10)
2010        Nov 30, Egypt’s official election results were released. The ruling National Democratic Party wiped out its Islamist opponents from parliament in the first round of a disputed election.  The leading opposition group dismissed the results of parliamentary elections as "invalid," but nevertheless said its candidates would participate in weekend runoffs.
    (AP, 11/30/10)(AFP, 11/30/10)
2010        Nov 30, An Israeli court convicted Elior Chen, a self-proclaimed rabbi, of severely abusing eight young children and instructing his followers to do the same. He was found guilty of hitting the children with a hammer, binding their limbs and burning body parts, among other acts. Chen was arrested in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in 2008 after fleeing Israel. He was extradited to Israel last year. On Feb 28, 2011, an Israeli court sentenced Chen to 24 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/30/10)(AP, 2/28/11)
2010        Nov 30, In Italy police vans and lines of officers in riot gear blocked access to much of Rome's historic center to keep thousands of student protesters from reaching Parliament. Similar protests snarled other cities, including Milan, Turin, Naples, Venice, Palermo and Bari. In Genoa, students protested under the slogan "they block our future, we block the cities."
    (AP, 11/30/10)
2010        Nov 30, Ivory Coast opposition leaders accused Pres. Laurent Gbagbo of trying to steal the presidential election.
    (SFC, 12/1/10, p.A2)
2010        Nov 30, In Kyrgyzstan Social Democrat Party leader Almazbek Atambyev said that the leaders of two other parties have agreed on posts they would take in the government ending weeks of political uncertainty. Atambyev says he is set to become prime minister.
    (AP, 11/30/10)
2010        Nov 30, Mexico City lawmakers approved legislation to allow women in the capital district to be surrogate mothers.
    (AP, 11/30/10)
2010        Nov 30, A Mexican human rights group and Disability Rights Int’l. released a report on atrocious and abusive conditions in Mexican institutions for the mentally and physically disabled.
    (SFC, 12/1/10, p.A3)
2010        Nov 30, In Morocco a bus carrying workers plunged off a road into a ravine during heavy rain, killing at least 20 passengers and injuring three others.
    (AFP, 11/30/10)
2010        Nov 30, Pakistani police arrested four Taliban militants who were planning "terror attacks" in the prosperous financial hub Karachi. Three suicide jackets, rifles, pistols and explosives were recovered in the raid. A suicide bomber blew himself up close to a police van in the northwest, killing six people and wounding 17 others.
    (AP, 11/30/10)

2011        Nov 30, Amid fears of a eurozone collapse, central banks of the United States, the eurozone, Britain, Japan, Canada and Switzerland said that they would cut the cost of providing dollars to banks. The move pushed the DJIA up 490 points, its biggest gain since March 2009.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)(SFC, 12/1/11, p.D1)
2011        Nov 30, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton arrived in Myanmar on the first top-level US visit for half a century.
    (AFP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, A rare 1938 first issue of Action Comics, which first featured Superman, was auctioned online for a record $2.16 million.
    (SFC, 12/1/11, p.A10)
2011        Nov 30, In Berkeley, Ca., city manager Phil Kamlarz (64) retired after working 36 years for the city. He left with a check of nearly $150,000 for unused sick and vacation time and was expected to make $249,420 annually during retirement due to bonuses received for his longevity with the city. Large pensions were threatening the financial stability of the city.
    (SFC, 12/21/11, p.C3)
2011        Nov 30, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a NATO service member.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In Albania self-styled king Leka I Zogu (72), the son of King Ahmet Zogu, died. The father had proclaimed himself Albania's monarch in 1928.
    (AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Nov 30, Argentina’s Chamber of Deputies approved a bill allowing all transvestites and transsexuals to be recognized by the gender of their choice.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, An Aruba appeals court rejected a prosecution appeal to put US businessman Gary Giordano back in pretrial detention. Giordano had already left Aruba when the three-judge panel ruled that prosecutors lacked sufficient evidence to continue holding him as a suspect in the disappearance and presumed death of his traveling companion, Robyn Gardner.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Britain's foreign secretary ordered all Iranian diplomats out of the UK within 48 hours following attacks on the British embassy and a residential compound in Tehran. The ransacked embassy in Tehran was shuttered.
    (AP, 11/30/11)(SFC, 12/1/11, p.A3)
2011        Nov 30, Britain’s biggest carbon capture (CC) pilot plant began siphoning emissions from SSE's 490 megawatt coal-fired station at Ferrybridge, West Yorkshire, in the latest effort to prove the technology on an industrial scale.
    (Reuters, 11/30/11)   
2011        Nov 30, CongoDRC officials extended voting to a third day in an attempt to prevent further unrest in sub-Saharan Africa's largest nation.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In Egypt about 80 people were hurt when overnight clashes erupted between protesters and angry street vendors at Cairo's Tahrir Square.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, A French court jailed five Somali men for between four and eight years and acquitted a sixth in the Sep 2, 2008, hostage taking of a French couple on their yacht in the Gulf of Aden.
    (AFP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, A senior German official said the government has approved the subsidized sale of another Dolphin-type military submarine to Israel. Israel already has 3 Dolphin submarines from Germany, one half-funded and two entirely funded by Berlin.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Germany's top administrative court ruled that students don't have the right to pray while in school if a conflict is created. This upheld a decision by a lower court which had denied that right to a Muslim student who had demanded a private prayer room at his Berlin high school.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Indian authorities said they have broken up a terror cell responsible for a series of bombings, including a deadly blast at a southern cafe popular with foreigners. The cell was responsible for the Feb. 13, 2010, blast that killed 17 people at a cafe in Pune.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Israel announced that it would release tens of millions of dollars of tax funds owed to the Palestinians, ending a standoff that the Palestinians say has caused grave damage to their fragile economy.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In Italy a judge, politician and police official were among 10 people detained in a crackdown on the 'ndrangheta crime syndicate in Milan and southern Reggio Calabria.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Former Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo (66) was taken into custody by the International Criminal Court at The Hague to face charges of murder, rape and other crimes allegedly committed by his supporters as he clung to power after last year's elections.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Lebanon's PM Najib Mikati said his country has paid its share of funds for a UN-backed tribunal investigating the 2005 assassination of a Lebanese statesman, averting a political crisis in the deeply divided country at a critical time in the Middle East.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In Mali hundreds of people took to the streets of Bamako to demand that a referendum on proposed changes to the constitution be shelved. The changes, first announced in December 2009, include the creation of a Senate as a second house of parliament and will give the president the power to "define the nation's policy" as opposed to the prime minister.
    (AFP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Norway said it has temporarily closed its embassy in Tehran due to security concerns after the British mission in the Iranian capital was attacked by an angry mob.
    (AFP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In Peru US-based Newmont Mining Corp. suspended its $4.8 billion gold project at Minas Conga under government pressure to reestablish tranquility and social peace.
    (SFC, 12/1/11, p.A7)
2011        Nov 30, Amnesty International published a new report accusing Saudi Arabia of conducting a campaign of repression against protesters and reformists since the Arab Spring erupted.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Nov 30, In Somalia a suicide bomber dressed in a military uniform triggered his explosives at army headquarters in Mogadishu, killing four soldiers.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In South Africa Rajendra Pachauri, the UN's top climate scientist, cautioned climate negotiators that global warming is leading to human dangers and soaring financial costs, but containing carbon emissions will have a host of benefits.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In South Ossetia Alla Dzhioyeva, a former school principal and anti-corruption crusader, declared herself president after she led with about 57% of the Nov 27 run-off vote with ballots from 74 of the 85 precincts counted. Troops fired warning shots into the air as thousands rallied to support Dzhioyeva. Former defense minister Anatoly Barankevich told the crowd that he obtained the final election results, which confirmed her victory.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Sudan said it will take 23% of the south's vital oil exports as payment in kind, after talks in Addis Ababa failed, but will not block Juba's exports. Sudan was looking to charge the south $36 per barrel for the use of its oil infrastructure, in contrast to a southern offer of 70 cents. Southern oil minister Stephen Dhieu Dau rejected the north's fee as "extortionate."
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Turkey slapped tough economic sanctions on Syria, freezing assets of officials involved in the government's crackdown on an 8-month-old uprising, suspending ties with the nation's central bank and banning all military sales.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In Turkey a heavily armed man opened fire at Istanbul's Topkapi Palace, wounding a Turkish soldier and a security guard before police snipers killed the attacker. Hw was identified as Samir Salem Ali Elmadhavri (36), a Libyan with Syrian citizenship.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, The United Arab Emirates announced that children of Emirati women married to foreigners could apply for citizenship once they turned 18, moving closer to giving women the same nationality rights as men.
    (AFP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, In Yemen gunmen shot dead two government soldiers in the main southern city of Aden, as thousands rallied there to call for secession from the north.
    (AFP, 11/30/11)

2012        Nov 30, US Interior Sec. Ken Salazar said the government plans to sell leases for wind farms off the coasts of Rhode Island, Massachusetts and Virginia.
    (SFC, 12/1/12, p.A5)
2012        Nov 30, In California Raveesh Kumra (66), cell phone entrepreneur and the former owner of Mountain Winery, was found dead at his ransacked Santa Clara County home. On Dec 21 prosecutors charged Raven Chanel Dixon, a prostitute from Alameda, as an accessory to murder after the fact as well as gang enhancement. Three men were soon arrested in relation to the home invasion and murder. On Feb 25 alleged prostitute Katrina Fritz (32) was charged with murder and robbery. One of the 3 arrested men was released on May 30, 2013.
    (SFC, 12/22/12, p.C2)(SSFC, 12/30/12, p.A11)(SFC, 2/26/13, p.C3)(SFC, 6/3/13, p.C1)
2012        Nov 30, Timothy Durham (50), a former chief executive of National Lampoon, was sentenced in Indianapolis to 50 years in prison for securities fraud, conspiracy and wire fraud.
    (SFC, 12/1/12, p.A5)
2012        Nov 30, In Caspar, Wyoming, Christopher Krumm (25) shot his father (56) in the head with a bow and arrow in front of a computer science class not long after fatally stabbing his James Krumm’s live-in girlfriend at their home a couple of miles away. After shooting his father with the arrow, Christopher Krumm stabbed himself, then fatally stabbed his father in the chest in a struggle in the classroom.
    (AP, 11/1/12)
2012        Nov 30, Rebels in Congo believed to be backed by Rwanda postponed their departure from the key eastern city of Goma by 48 hours for "logistical reasons," defying for a second time an ultimatum set by neighboring African countries and backed by Western diplomats.
    (AP, 11/30/12)
2012        Nov 30, In Egypt Islamists approved a draft constitution without the participation of liberal and Christian members, seeking to pre-empt a court ruling that could dissolve their panel with a rushed, marathon vote that further inflames the conflict between the opposition and President Mohammed Morsi.
    (AP, 11/30/12)
2012        Nov 30, Japan’s space agency said that information on one of its newest rockets was stolen from a desktop computer by someone using a computer virus at the Tsukuba Space Center.
    (SFC, 12/1/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 30, In Kuwait more than 15,000 protesters rallied in the first government-authorized demonstration in Kuwait City since a ban on political gatherings earlier this month. Banners proclaimed a boycott of parliamentary elections due Dec 1.
    (AP, 11/30/12)
2012        Nov 30, Japan’s space agency said that information on one of its newest rockets was stolen from a desktop computer by someone using a computer virus at the Tsukuba Space Center.
    (SFC, 11/30/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 30, It was reported that Mexico’s attorney general has compiled a list showing that more than 25,000 adults and children have gone missing in Mexico in the past 6 years.
    (SFC, 11/30/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 30, Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi said authorities must apologize for a violent crackdown on monks and other foes of a mine in the northwest, but she also stuck to the government's view that the country must follow through on its commitment to build the project.
    (AP, 11/30/12)
2012        Nov 30, In Slovenia thousands joined protests against PM Janez Jansa and his cabinet, accusing them of corruption and fraud and demanding their resignation.
    (SFC, 12/1/12, p.A2)
2012        Nov 30, Sudanese police killed two Islamic militants and arrested about 20 in a raid on a militant training camp in the country's south.
    (AP, 12/3/12)
2012        Nov 30, Syrian rebels battled regime troops south of Damascus and Internet and most telephone lines were cut for a second day, but the government reopened the road to the capital's airport in a sign the fighting could be calming.
    (AP, 11/30/12)

2013        Nov 30, The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons  (OPCW) said the US has offered to help destroy some of the most lethal parts of Syria's chemical weapons stockpile at an offshore facility.
    (AP, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, Rev. Paul Crouch (b.1934), co-founder with his wife, Janice, of the Trinity Broadcasting Network (1973), died in southern California. TBN currently ran on 84 satellite channels and over 18,000 TV and cable affiliates.
    (SFC, 12/4/13, p.D2)
2013        Nov 30, Actor Paul Walker (40), a star in the “Fast and Furious" film series, died in a fiery crash north of Los Angeles. Roger Rodas, his friend and financial advisor, drove the 2005 Porsche and was also killed. His daughter (15) became the sole beneficiery of his estimated $25 million estate.
    (SSFC, 12/1/13, p.A10)(SFC, 12/5/13, p.A12)(SFC, 2/6/14, p.A6)
2013        Nov 30, In New Mexico a freight train derailed near Bayard killing 3 locomotive operators of Southwest Railroad Inc.
    (SFC, 12/2/13, p.A6)
2013        Nov 30, Five east African countries signed a protocol to establish a monetary union, in a first step towards creating a single currency. At a summit in Kampala, leaders from Burundi, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Rwanda inked the framework to set up a single market modelled after the eurozone.
    (AFP, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, In Australia a shark attack killed Zach Young (19) as he body boarded near the northern New South Wales city of Coffs Harbor in the nation's second deadly attack this month.
    (AP, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, Britain said it is giving 10 million pounds ($16.4 million) in aid to Central African Republic amid a dramatic escalation in the former French colony's humanitarian crisis.
    (AP, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, China urged India not to aggravate problems on the border shared by the two nations, a day after the Indian president toured a disputed region and called it an integral part of the country.
    (Reuters, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, The Dominican Republic in a presidential decree announced details of a special naturalization process for undocumented "foreigners" and their children born in the Dominican Republic.
    (Reuters, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, In Egypt Ahmad Maher, a symbol of the popular uprising that ousted autocrat Hosni Mubarak in 2011, turned himself in to the authorities after an order for his arrest was made for defying a tough new law restricting demonstrations. Security forces fired volleys of tear gas to disperse stone-throwing protesters in central Cairo.
    (Reuters, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, The French parliament backed a reform of the country's prostitution law that will impose a 1,500-euro fine on anyone paying for sex. The bill will give France some of the toughest legislation on prostitution in Europe, similar to that of Sweden.
    (Reuters, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, In Greece about 1,000 supporters of the Golden Dawn party gathered outside parliament to protest against the pre-trial detention of their leader Nikolaos Mihaloliakos on charges of forming a criminal organization.
    (Reuters, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, Honduras election officials said that conservative Juan Orlando Hernandez defeated rival leftist presidential hopeful Xiomara Castro by eight percentage points. Hernandez of the ruling National Party won 36.80% of the vote in the Nov 24 election against 28.79% for Castro.
    (AFP, 12/1/13)
2013        Nov 30, In India Tehelka Editor Tarun Tejpal (50) was taken into custody for allegedly assaulting a female colleague in the elevator of a hotel in Goa. Tejpal was charged on Feb 17, 2014, for sexual assault and rape. Tehelka magazine was one that pushed Indian society to confront corruption and sexual violence.
    (SFC, 2/18/14, p.A2)
2013        Nov 30, In Iraq a car bomb killed 4 people and wounded seven near a bus stop in Mahmoudiya, a town just south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, An Israeli policeman shot dead a Palestinian in the town of Petah Tikva near Tel Aviv after he tried to attack the arresting force. A paramilitary Border Police unit was searching for Palestinians who did not have a permit to stay in Israel when one of them tried to stab a policeman.
    (Reuters, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, In Israel large protests over a plan to resettle nomadic Bedouin Arabs in the southern Negev desert caused injuries and led to some arrests as well as condemnation from PM Benjamin Netanyahu.
    (AP, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, In Lebanon clashes between supporters and opponents of the Syrian government killed 4 people in the northern city of Tripoli.
    (Reuters, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, In Libya unidentified assailants overnight gunned down a soldier outside his home and attacked a special forces base in Benghazi.
    (AP, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, North Korea state media claimed that US tourist Merrill Newman (85), detained for more than a month, has apologized for alleged crimes during the Korean War and for "hostile acts" against the state during a recent trip. A video of the apology was dated Nov 9.
    (AP, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif promised Afghanistan that he would help arrange further meetings between Afghan officials and a former Taliban commander as part of renewed efforts to revive a defunct peace process.
    (Reuters, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, In Pakistan gunmen fired on police officers protecting a team of polio workers on the outskirts of Peshawar, killing one and wounding another.
    (AP, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, Thousands of South Africans called online for the impeachment of President Jacob Zuma, after a newspaper revealed a government document detailing the use of public funds for lavish upgrades to his private home.
    (Reuters, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, In South Africa dozens of Indonesian fishermen, who spent months stranded in Cape Town's harbor, sleeping in cramped and suffocating quarters, were taken ashore to a repatriation center after being stuck at sea on Taiwanese vessels for years without pay.
    (AFP, 12/1/13)
2013        Nov 30, Sudanese media said more than 11,000 Sudanese workers have returned voluntarily from Saudi Arabia after an amnesty for foreign employees to legalise their status.
    (AFP, 11/31/13)
2013        Nov 30, In Syria government shelling of a market in al-Baba near Aleppo killed at least six people.
    (AP, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, In Thailand tensions escalated in Bangkik as opposition protesters tried to force their way into PM Yingluck Shinawatra's heavily guarded offices and attacked a bus carrying her supporters.
    (AFP, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, Ukrainian police in Kiev broke up a large anti-government demonstration in the city center before dawn, swinging truncheons and injuring many. Protesters took refuge inside the walls of a central Kiev monastery. The opposition demanded that authorities call early presidential and parliamentary polls.
    (AP, 11/30/13)(AFP, 11/30/13)(Reuters, 11/30/13)
2013        Nov 30, In Yemen thousands demonstrated in Aden to demand a return to independence a day after President Abdrabuh Mansur Hadi said only autonomy was on the table.
    (AFP, 11/30/13)

2014        Nov 30, Colorado-based author Kent Haruf (71) died. He wrote "Plainsong" and several other novels set in small-town Colorado.
    (AP, 12/1/14)
2014        Nov 30, In Missouri Zemir Begic (32), an immigrant from Bosnia, was beaten to death in front of his fiancee and two friends in St. Louis. The next day the local Bosnian community called for more police presence as three black teenagers, Robert Joseph Mitchell (17) and two other suspects (15-16), were placed in custody.
    (SFC, 12/3/14, p.A16)
2014        Nov 30, Afghan Pres. Ashraf Ghani dismissed most ministers as he and chief executive Abdullah Abdullah worked to create a new Cabinet.
    (SFC, 12/1/14, p.A5)
2014        Nov 30, China’s government proposed to insure all banking deposit accounts for up to 500,000 yuan (($81,300).
    (Econ, 12/6/14, p.82)
2014        Nov 30, Colombia's largest rebel group (FARC) freed Gen. Ruben Alzate and his two companions whose capture led President Juan Manuel Santos to suspend peace talks.
    (AP, 11/30/14)
2014        Nov 30, Protests erupted at universities across Egypt, condemning a court decision to drop criminal charges against Hosni Mubarak, the president whose ouster in the 2011 uprising raised hopes of a new era of political openness.
    (AP, 11/30/14)
2014        Nov 30, E.ON, Germany’s largest utility, announced that it would split itself and float a new company in 2016, which will include its power generation from nuclear and fossil fuels.
    (Econ, 12/6/14, p.76)
2014        Nov 30, In Hong Kong hundreds of pro-democracy protesters faced off with police, stepping up their movement for genuine democratic reforms after being camped out on the city's streets for more than two months.
    (AP, 11/30/14)
2014        Nov 30, India's PM Narendra Modi stepped up his rhetoric against illegal immigration from Bangladesh into Assam state.
    (AP, 11/30/14)
2014        Nov 30, In India nearly a thousand gay rights activists marched through central New Delhi to demand an end to discrimination against gays in the country’s deeply conservative society.
    (AP, 11/30/14)
2014        Nov 30, In Iraq two separate bombings killed 7 people in Baghdad.
    (AP, 11/30/14)
2014        Nov 30, Police in Kenya arrested 37 Chinese nationals with advanced communications equipment in a house in an upscale Nairobi neighborhood following a fire that left one person dead. 40 more Chinese nationals were arrested on Dec 3 and police consulted technical experts to see if they were committing espionage.
    (AP, 12/4/14)
2014        Nov 30, Moldova held elections. Three pro-Europe parties won a narrow majority in parliament. They failed to agree on a governing coalition and required the support of the Communist party to form a government.
    (AP, 11/30/14)(AP, 12/1/14)(Econ, 12/6/14, p.64)(AP, 3/9/15)
2014        Nov 30, The Netherlands Economic Affairs Ministry said in a statement that poultry at the farm in the town of Zoeterwoude were suffering from an H5 strain of bird flu and that all 28,000 birds there were being slaughtered.
    (AP, 11/30/14)
2014        Nov 30, In Qatar an appeals court in Qatar overturned the convictions of Los Angeles couple Matthew and Grace Huang. The couple had been sentenced to three years in jail for the Jan 15, 2013, death of their adopted African-born daughter. They tried to return to the US but their passports were seized and they were told a new arrest warrant had been issued for them. The couple were allowed to leave on Dec 3.
    (AP, 11/30/14)(SFC, 12/4/14, p.A3)
2014        Nov 30, Swiss voters overwhelmingly rejected three citizen-backed proposals to protect the country's wealth by investing in gold, drastically limit immigration and eliminate a special tax that draws rich foreigners.
    (AP, 11/30/14)
2014        Nov 30, Syrian government aircraft targeted the southern town of Jasim, Daraa province, with a series of airstrikes, killing at least a dozen people including women and children. US-led coalition warplanes carried out as many as 30 airstrikes overnight against Islamic State militants in and around Raqqa, the group's de facto northeastern capital.
    (AP, 11/30/14)
2014        Nov 30, Ukraine said that a convoy of 106 vehicles had entered its eastern territory from Russia without Kiev's permission and accused Moscow of once again using humanitarian aid shipments to send weapons and ammunition to separatist rebels.
    (Reuters, 11/30/14)
2014        Nov 30, Uruguay held runoff elections. Former left-leaning Pres. Tabare Vasquez, a 74-year-old oncologist who was president from 2005 to 2010, topped center-right rival Luis Lacalle Pou of the National Party 53 percent to 40 percent.
    (AP, 11/30/14)
2014        Nov 30, In southern Yemen thousands of demonstrators gathered in the port city of Aden to call for independence from the north, prompting police to move in to break up the gathering. The demonstration fell on the 47th anniversary of Yemen's independence from Great Britain.
    (AP, 11/30/14)

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