Today in History - December 1

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World Aids Day (1988)

1135        Dec 1, Henry I Beauclerc of England died and the crown was passed to his nephew Stephen of Bloise. He had decreed that the standard linear measure of one foot be a third the length of his arm which was 36 inches. He was the 1st English king able to read.
    (HN, 12/1/98)(SFEC, 2/14/99, Z1 p.8)(MC, 12/1/01)

1167        Dec 1, Northern Italian towns formed the Lombardi League.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1455        Dec 1, Lorenzo Ghiberti (77), Italian sculptor, died.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1566        Dec 1, Spanish king Philip II named Fernando Alvarez, duke of Alba.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1581        Dec 1, Edmund Campion (41), English Jesuit was hanged drawn and quartered at Tyburn, England, for sedition, after being tortured. Other Jesuits were also executed.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.23)(HN, 12/1/99)(PCh, 1992, p.200)

1605        Dec 1, Juan de Padilla, composer, was born.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1626        Dec 1, Pasha Muhammad ibn Farukh, tyrannical governor of Jerusalem, was driven out.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1635        Dec 1, Melchior Teschner (51), composer, died.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1640        Dec 1, Spain lost Portugal as the Duke of Braganza was proclaimed João IV (John IV), king of Portugal.
    (HoS, p.267)

1641        Dec 1, Massachusetts became the 1st colony to give statutory recognition to slavery. It was followed by Connecticut in 1650 and Virginia in 1661.
    (MC, 12/1/01)(HNQ, 5/20/02)

1653        Dec 1, An athlete from Croydon was reported to have run 20 miles from St. Albans to London in less than 90 minutes.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1671        Dec 1, Francesco Stradivari, Italian violin maker and son of Antonius, was born.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1707        Dec 1, Jeremiah Clarke, composer, died.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1709        Dec 1, Franz Xaver Richter, composer, was born.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1729        Dec 1, Giuseppe Sarti, composer, was born.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1742        Dec 1, Empress Elisabeth ordered the expulsion of all Jews from Russia.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1761        Dec 1, Madame Tussaud, Swiss-born modeler in wax, was born. She founded the world-famous exhibition in London's Baker Street. [see Dec 7]
    (HN, 12/1/99)

1804        Dec 1, Emperor Napoleon married Josephine de Beauharnais, of Martinique.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1808        Dec 1, Anton Fischer (30), composer, died.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1814        Dec 1, The shallow-draft steamboat Enterprise, completed in Pittsburgh under the direction of keelboat captain Henry Miller Shreve, left for New Orleans to deliver guns and ammunition to Gen. Jackson.
    (ON, 7/02, p.9)

1822        Dec 1, Franz Liszt (11) made his debut as a pianist for Isabella Colbran.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1824        Dec 1, The presidential election was turned over to the U.S. House of Representatives when a deadlock developed among John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William H. Crawford and Henry Clay with Jackson 32 votes shy of a majority. John Quincy Adams ended up the winner. He was reportedly the only bald-headed president.
    (AP, 12/1/97)(WSJ, 12/31/97, p.A11)(SFEC, 11/1/98, Z1p.10)

1835        Dec 1, Hans Christian Andersen published his 1st book of fairy tales.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1842        Dec 1, Midshipman Philip Spencer (18) on the brig-of-war Somers, the 1st US naval officer condemned for mutiny, was hanged. Spencer was the son of John Canfield Spencer, the Sec. of War under Pres. John Tyler. In 2003 Buckner F. Melton Jr. authored "A Hanging Offense," an account of the "Somers affair."
    (MC, 12/1/01)(WSJ, 4/25/03, W6)

1847        Dec 1, Julia Moore, poet, was born.
    (HN, 12/1/00)

1861        Dec 1, The U.S. gunboat Penguin seized the Confederate blockade runner Albion carrying supplies worth almost $100,000.
    (HN, 12/1/98)

1862        Dec 1, President Lincoln gave the State of the Union message to the 37th Congress. “The dogmas of the quiet past are inadequate to the stormy present… As our case is new, so we must think anew, and act anew. We must disenthrall ourselves.”
    (WSJ, 9/7/06, p.A20)

1863        Dec 1, Oliver Herford, American humorist and poet, was born. He wrote "Cupid's Fair Weather Book" and "The Deb's Dictionary."
    (HN, 12/1/99)
1863        Dec 1, Belle Boyd, a Confederate spy, was released from prison in Washington.
    (HN, 12/1/98)

1864        Dec 1, Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia.
    (MC, 12/1/01)
1864        Dec 1, Franklin-Nashville Campaign began.
    (HN, 12/1/98)
1864        Dec 1, Raid at Stoneman: Knoxville, Ten., to Saltville, Va.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1868        Dec 1, John D. Rockefeller began anti oil war.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1881        Dec 1, Virgil, Wyatt and Morgan Earp were exonerated in court for their action in the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Ariz.
    (HN, 12/1/98)

1886        Dec 1, Rex Stout, writer, poet, was born. He created the detective character Nero Wolfe.
    (HN, 12/1/00)

1887        Dec 1, Sherlock Holmes 1st appeared in print: "Study in Scarlet." Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s first story about the detective he named Sherlock Holmes was published in Beeton’s Christmas Annual. It wasn’t until a London magazine called the Strand began publishing Doyle’s shorter Holmes adventures in 1891 that the detective became a phenomenon. Today hundreds of books, articles and movies have been devoted to the great detective and his biographer, Dr. John Watson, at 221b Baker Street, London.
    (HNQ, 4/7/01)(ON, 3/06, p.11)

1891        Dec 1, The Canadian, Dr. James B. Naismith, sports figure, inventor, teacher, invented the game of basketball at the YMCA in Springfield, Mass. A janitor provided peach baskets instead of the requested boxes.
    (Hem, Dec. 94, p.126)(DTnet, 11/28/97)(MC, 12/1/01)

1896        Dec 1, 1st certified public accountants received certificates in NY.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1899        Dec 1, Robert Welch, founder of the John Birch Society, was born.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1900        Dec 1, Kaiser Wilhelm II refused to meet with Boer leader Paul Kruger in Berlin.
    (HN, 12/1/98)

1903        Dec 1, "The Great Train Robbery," the 1st Western film, was released. Edwin S. Porter, a cameraman for Thomas Edison’s production company, revived flagging interest in motion pictures with the 12-minute movie that introduced three great American traditions—editing, the chase scene and the Western. Prior to Porter’s landmark movie, moving pictures were non-narrative, with one long shot recording an actual event. The Great Train Robbery, with a series of 14 scenes of bandits robbing a railway station and ultimately paying the price for their misdeeds, developed multiple plot lines simultaneously by cutting and splicing film. Moviegoers screamed when the scene of an outlaw shooting directly into the camera was shown.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Great_Train_Robbery_%28film%29)

1904        Dec 1, The Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis closed after seven months and some 20 million visitors.
    (AP, 12/1/04)

1905        Dec 1, Charles Finney, American author (Circus of Dr Lao), was born.
    (MC, 12/1/01)
1905        Dec 1, Twenty officers and 230 guards were arrested in St. Petersburg, Russia for the revolt at the Winter Palace.
    (HN, 12/1/98)

1908        Dec 1, The US Dept. of Agriculture as of this day restricted opium imports to the US based on morphine content. Opium with under 3% morphine, which included opium for smoking, was restricted. This severely impacted the customs revenue in San Francisco and created an uproar in the city’s Chinatown. The law became effective as of April 1, 2009.
    (SSFC, 11/30/08, DB p.58)(SSFC, 3/15/09, DB p.50)
1908        Dec 1, The Italian Parliament debated the future of the Triple Alliance and asked for compensation for Austria’s action in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    (HN, 12/1/98)

1909        Dec 1, President Taft severed official relations with Nicaragua’s Zelaya government, and declared support for the revolutionaries.
    (HN, 12/1/98)
1909        Dec 1, The 1st Israeli kibbutz, Deganya Alef, a collective agricultural settlement, was founded in Palestine.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R25)(MC, 12/1/01)

1912        Dec 1, Minoru Yamasaki, architect (World Trade Center, NY), was born.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1913        Dec 1, Mary Martin, American actress famous for her roles in “South Pacific” and “The Sound of Music,” was born.
    (HN, 12/1/98)
1913        Dec 1, The first drive-in automobile service station, built by Gulf Refining Co., opened in Pittsburgh. [see Cincinnati in 1912] 
    (AP, 12/1/06)
1913        Dec 1, Continuous moving assembly line was introduced by Ford.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1914        Dec 1, Alfred Thayer Mahan (b.1840), American naval strategist, died. His concept of "sea power" was based on the idea that countries with greater naval power will have greater worldwide impact. His books included “The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660–1783” (1890).
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Thayer_Mahan)

1916        Dec 1, King Constantine Greece refused to surrender to the Allies.
    (HN, 12/1/98)

1917        Dec 1, Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan west of Omaha Neb. [see Dec 12]
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1918        Dec 1, US breweries shut down due to a September directive from Pres. Wilson.
    (WSJ, 10/28/06, p.P13)
1918        Dec 1, An American army of occupation entered Germany.
    (HN, 12/1/98)
1918        Dec 1, Danish parliament passed an act to grant Iceland independence.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.20)(MC, 12/1/01)
1918        Dec 1, The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes [later in 1929 to be called Yugoslavia] was proclaimed by Alexander Karadjordjevic, the son of King Peter of Serbia. It included the previously independent kingdoms of Serbia and Macedonia, the Hungarian-controlled regions of Croatia and Slovenia, the Austrian province of Dalmatia, Carniola and parts of Styria, Carinthia and Istria. King Alexander I renamed the Balkan state called the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes to Yugoslavia in 1929.
    (AP, 10/3/97)(HNQ, 3/26/99)(http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/map/yugoslavia/1900/)

1919        Dec 1, A.A. Milne's "Mr. Pim Passes By," premiered in Manchester.
    (MC, 12/1/01)
1919        Dec 1, Lady Astor was sworn in as the first female member of the British Parliament.
    (AP, 12/1/00)

1921        Dec 1, The US Navy flew the first nonrigid dirigible to use helium; the C-7 traveled from Hampton Roads, Va., to Washington.
    (AP, 12/1/06)

1922        Dec 1, 1st skywriting over US-"Hello USA"-by Capt Turner, RAF.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1924        Dec 1, George and Ira Gershwin's musical "Lady Be Good," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1925        Dec 1, Martin Rodbell, Nobel Prize-winning biochemist, poet, was born.
    (HN, 12/1/00)
1925        Dec 1, After a seven year occupation, 7,000 British troops evacuated Cologne, Germany.
    (HN, 12/1/98)

1929        Dec 1, Dick Shawn, actor (Producers, Maid to Order, Angel), was born in Buffalo, NY.
    (MC, 12/1/01)
1929        Dec 1, Game of Bingo was invented by Edwin S. Lowe.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1933        Dec 1, Rudolf Hess and Earnest Roehm became ministers in Hitler govt. Nazi storm troops become an official organ of the Reich.
    (HN, 12/1/98)(MC, 12/1/01)

1934        Dec 1, In Bolivia Jose Luis Tejada Sorzano (1882-1938) was installed as president by the military. He served to 1936 and was succeeded by David Toro.
    (SFC, 4/25/09, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_Luis_Tejada_Sorzano)
1934        Dec 1, Sergei M. Kirov, a collaborator of Josef Stalin, was assassinated in Leningrad, a stronghold of opposition to Stalin. This resulted in a massive purge. Kirov was succeeded by Andrei Zdhanov, who became the virtual dictator of literary and artistic policies of the USSR.
    (AP, 12/1/98)(SFC, 6/10/00, p.A12)

1935        Dec 1, Woody Allen [Allen Stewart Konigsberg], American actor, director best known for “Annie Hall” and “Manhattan,” was born.
    (HN, 12/1/98)
1935        Dec 1, Lou Rawls, vocalist (Dean Martin's Golddiggers, Natural Man), was born in Chicago, Ill.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1936        Dec 1, Bell Labs tested coaxial cable for TV use.
    (MC, 12/1/01)
1936        Dec 1, EW Brundin & FF Lyon obtained patents on the soil-less culture of plants.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1937        Dec 1, Japan recognized Spain’s Franco govt.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1939        Dec 1, Reichsfuhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler ordered the deportation of Polish Jews.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1940        Dec 1, Richard Pryor Ill, comedian and actor (Lady Sings the Blues, Stir Crazy), was born.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1941        Dec 1, The first Civil Air Patrol in the U.S. was organized.
    (HN, 12/1/98)
1941        Dec 1, British declared a state of emergency in Malaya following reports of Japanese attacks.
    (HN, 12/1/98)
1941        Dec 1, British cruiser Devonshire sank the German sub Python.
    (MC, 12/1/01)
1941        Dec 1, Japanese emperor Hirohito signed a declaration of war. Japan’s Tojo rejected U.S. proposals for a Pacific settlement as fantastic and unrealistic.
    (HN, 12/1/98)(MC, 12/1/01)

1942        Dec 1, Nationwide gasoline rationing went into effect in the United States.
    (AP, 12/1/97)(HN, 12/1/98)

1943        Dec 1, President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin concluded their Tehran conference and agreed to Operation Overlord (D-Day).
    (AP, 12/1/00)

1944        Dec 1, Bela Bartok's Concerto for Orchestra, premiered.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1945        Dec 1, Bette Midler, singer, actress (Do You Want to Dance?), was born in Patterson, NJ.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1947        Dec 1, Samuel Courtauld (b.1876), English industrialist and art collector, died. In 1932 He founded the Courtauld Institute of Art in London.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Courtauld_%28art_collector%29)(Econ, 2/16/13, p.84)
1947        Dec 1, Aleister Edward S. Crowley (b.1875), British occultist, died. In 2000 Lawrence Sutin authored "Do What Thou Wilt, A Life of Aleister Crowley."
    (SSFC, 1/14/01, BR p.12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aleister_Crowley)
1947        Dec 1, Godfrey Harold Hardy (b.1877), English mathematician, died. Non-mathematicians usually know G.H. Hardy for “A Mathematician's Apology,” his essay from 1940 on the aesthetics of mathematics.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G._H._Hardy)

1948        Dec 1, Costa Rica’s President José Figueres Ferrer abolished the military after victory in a civil war.
    (SFC, 3/16/02, p.A19)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_of_Costa_Rica)

1950        Dec 1, In North Korea a US company of soldiers encountered a swarming Chinese assault near Kunu-ri. Army Sgt. Richard Desautels was among those captured and taken to a POW compound, known as Camp 5, near Pyoktong. In 2003 Chinese authorities said Desautels became mentally ill and died on April 29, 1953, and was buried in a Chinese cemetery.
    (SFC, 6/20/08, p.A11)

1951        Dec 1, Benjamin Britten's opera "Billy Budd," premiered in London.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billy_Budd_%28opera%29)(Econ, 8/10/13, p.73)
1951        Dec 1, A tempest raged over SF and forced the first-ever closure of the Golden Gate Bridge. The bridge closed for 3 hours.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A1)(SFC, 11/30/01, WB p.G8)

1955        Dec 1, Rosa Parks (42), a seamstress and secretary of the Montgomery NAACP, was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama, as she sat in a section of a bus just behind the area reserved for whites. She refused to move to the back the bus, to accommodate a white male passenger, as ordered by driver James F. Blake (d.2002 at 89) and defied the South’s segregationist laws. This prompted the Dec. 5 bus boycott, a year-long boycott of the buses by blacks, and launched the Civil Rights movement in the United States. Virginia Durr (d.1999 at 95) helped a black civil rights leader bail Parks out of jail. In 1985 Durr wrote her memoir: "Outside the Magic Circle." In 1999 Pres. Clinton authorized a Congressional Gold Medal for Rosa Parks.
    (SFC, 5/12/96, p.A-6)(SFEC, 9/15/96, p.A2)(SFEM, 2/2/97, p.8)(AP, 12/1/97)(SFC, 3/10/99, p.A23)(SFC, 5/5/99, p.A3)(SFC, 3/26/02, p.A24)
1955        Dec 1-1955 Dec 5, AFL delegates in San Francisco approved a merger wit the CIO. The next day CIO delegates voted 660-3 in favor of merging. The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merged to form the AFL-CIO under its first president, George Meany (1894-1980). [see Feb 9]
    (AP, 12/5/97)(HNQ, 6/9/98)(SFC, 12/2/05, p.F2)

1956        Dec 1, Leonard Bernstein's musical "Candide," based on the work by Voltaire, opened at Martin Beck Theater in NYC for 73 performances. The book was by Lillian Hellman with lyrics by Richard Wilbur.
    (AP, 12/1/99)(SFC, 1/11/05, p.E1)

1958        Dec 1, The Rodgers and Hammerstein musical "Flower Drum Song" opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 12/1/97)
1958        Dec 1, In Chicago Our Lady of Angels School burned. 92 students and 3 nuns were killed.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1959        Dec 1, Representatives of 12 countries signed the Antarctic Treaty in Washington DC setting aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve, free from military activity (effective in 1961). It was adopted by the governments of Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, the French Republic, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, the Union of South Africa, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the UK of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the USA [see 1961]. By 2007 45 signatories agreed to suspend territorial claims and disputes, to forego all military and mining activity, and to protect the continent as a natural reserve devoted to peace and science.
    (AP, 12/1/97)(www.aad.gov.au/default.asp?casid=1187)(Econ, 3/31/07, p.86)
1959        Dec 1, The 1st color photograph of Earth was received from outer space.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1960        Dec 1, Patrice Lumumba was caught in the Congo.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1964        Dec 1, M.L. King spoke to J. Edgar Hoover about his slander campaign.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1965        Dec 1, An airlift of refugees from Cuba to the United States began in which thousands of Cubans were allowed to leave their homeland.
    (AP, 12/1/97)
1965        Dec 1, South Africa government said children of white fathers are white.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1966        Dec 1, Carter Stanley, of the Stanley Brothers bluegrass duo, died of cancer.
    (WSJ, 10/8/98, p.A16)
1966        Dec 1, West German Chancellor Ludwig Erhard (1897-1977) resigned following the breakup of a coalition of the CDU, CSU and FDP. He was succeeded by Kurt Georg Kiesinger (CDU), who formed a grand coalition with the SPD.
    (Econ, 7/14/12, p.45)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_Erhard)

1967        Dec 1, Queen Elizabeth inaugurated the 98-inch (249-cm) Isaac Newton telescope.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1968        Dec 1, Burt Bacharach and Hal David's musical "Promises, Promises" opened at Shubert Theater in NYC for 1281 performances.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Promises,_Promises)

1969        Dec 1, The U.S. government held its first draft lottery since World War II in 1942.
    (AP, 12/1/97)(HN, 12/1/98)

1970         Dec 1, In Mexico Pres. Luis Echeverria succeeded Gustav Diaz Ortaz and continued to 1976. He began with populist approach and later devalued the peso, starting a tradition of currency instability and economic crises.
    (WSJ, 12/5/95, p.A-14)(WSJ, 8/13/97, p.A12)

1971        Dec 1, In Santiago, Chile, students began a 2-day against the Allende government. The government banned public demonstrations and declared a state of emergency.
    (WUD, 1994, p. 1688)

1972        Dec 24, Hanoi barred all peace talks with the U.S. until the air raids stopped.
    (HN, 12/24/98)

1973        Dec 1, David Ben-Gurion (87), Israel's first prime minister (1948-1953 and 1955-1963), died in Tel Aviv.
    (AP, 12/1/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Ben-Gurion)

1974        Dec 1, The L.A. Skid Row slasher killed Charles Jackson (46), an alcoholic drifter. In 1975 police arrested Vaughn Greenwood, a black loner and homosexual, who had drifted back and forth between Chicago and California. In 1977 Greenwood, who was indicted on 11 counts of murder, was convicted on 9 counts and sentenced to life in prison.
    (www.crimezzz.net/serialkillers/G/GREENWOOD_vaughn_orrin.php)

1976        Dec 1, Sex Pistols used profanity on TV, and got branded as "rotten punks."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sex_Pistols)

1978        Dec 1, Pres. Jimmy Carter proclaimed 15 new national monuments, eleven under NPS jurisdiction and two each for the Forest Service and the Fish and Wildlife Service.
    (www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/rothman/chap11a.htm)

1980        Dec 1, The US Justice Dept sued Yonkers, NY, citing racial discrimination.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2m6tyl)
1980        Dec 1, SF Assemblyman Willie Brown was elected speaker of the California Assembly.
    (SFC, 11/25/05, p.F2)
1980        Dec 1, IBM delivered its 1st prototype PC to Microsoft. IBM selected Microsoft to create MS-DOS, the operating system for its first PC. Steve Ballmer arrived from Proctor & Gamble as an assistant to Gates. Paul Allen bought the QDOS operating system (Quick and Dirty Operating System) from a rival company for $50,000. It was renamed MS-DOS and licensed to IBM. The IBM 5150 PC standardized the marketplace.
    (WSJ, 4/4/00, p.A16)(SFEC, 4/16/00, p.B1)

1981        Dec 1, 180 people were killed when a chartered Yugoslav DC-9 jetliner slammed into a mountain while approaching Ajaccio Airport in Corsica.
    (AP, 12/1/01)

1986        Dec 1, Lt. Col. Oliver North pleaded the fifth amendment before a Senate panel investigating the Iran Contra arms sale.
    (HN, 12/1/98)
1986        Dec 1, Musee d'Orsay opened in Paris.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mus%C3%A9e_d'Orsay)
1986        Dec 1, In South Africa National Congress supporter Dr. Fabian Ribeiro (b.1933) and his wife, Florence, were assassinated.
    (SFEC, 10/13/96, p.A19)(http://sahistory.org.za/pages/people/ribiero-f.htm)

1987        Dec 1, NASA announced that four companies -- Boeing Aerospace, McDonnell Douglas Astronautics, General Electric's Astro-Space Division and Rocketdyne Division of Rockwell International -- had been awarded contracts to help build a space station.
    (AP, 12/1/97)
1987        Dec 1, Digging of the Eurotunnel began on the English side to link England and France, under co-chairman Alastair Morton (d.2004).
    (www.scripophily.net/eurotunnel.html)(Econ, 9/11/04, p.82)

1988        Dec 1, The first World Aids Day was held. Dr. Jonathan Mann, Director of the Global Program on AIDS (later known as UNAIDS) had approved a concept put forward by James W. Bunn and Thomas Netter in 1987, and agreed with the recommendation that the first observance of World AIDS Day should be December 1, 1988.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_AIDS_Day)
1988        Dec 1, At least 1300 were killed after a cyclone hit Bangladesh. Half a million were left homeless.
    (http://tinyurl.com/gtev9)
1988        Dec 1, J. Vernon McGee, founder of "Thru the Bible Radio Network," died.
    (WSJ, 12/19/02, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Vernon_McGee)
1988        Dec 1, Carlos Salinas de Gortari was sworn in as president of Mexico. He succeeded Pres. Miguel de la Madrid. One of his first acts was to turn Agualeguas, the lost family patrimony, into his official retreat.
    (WSJ, 2/8/96, p.A-6)(SFC, 9/2/97, p.A7)(AP, 12/1/98)
1988        Dec 1, Benazir Bhutto was named 1st female PM of a Moslem country, Pakistan.
    (www.cnn.com/resources/video.almanac/1988/index.html)
1988        Dec 1, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev won nearly unanimous approval for a more dynamic political structure from the Supreme Soviet, which voted itself out of existence in favor of a new Congress of People's Deputies.
    (AP, 12/1/98)

1989        Dec 1, Alvin Ailey (b.1931), leader of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater (Blues Suite, Revelations), died. In 1996 Jennifer Dunning wrote his biography: "Alvin Ailey, A Life in Dance."
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, BR p.4)(WSJ, 5/13/98, p.A20)(www.the-ballet.com/ailey.php)
1989        Dec 1, East Germany's Parliament abolished the Communist Party's constitutional guarantee of supremacy.
    (AP, 12/1/99)
1989        Dec 1, In an extraordinary encounter, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev met with Pope John Paul II at the Vatican.
    (AP, 12/1/99)

1991        Dec 1, The space shuttle Atlantis safely returned from a shortened military mission.
    (AP, 12/1/01)
1990        Dec 1, British and French workers digging the Channel Tunnel between their countries finally met after knocking out a passage in a service tunnel large enough to walk through and shake hands.
    (AP, 12/1/00)
1990        Dec 1, Hissene Habre (b.1942), dictator of Chad, was deposed by Idriss Deby and fled to Senegal with $11 million.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiss%C3%A8ne_Habr%C3%A9)(WSJ, 5/31/00, p.A26)
1990        Dec 1, Iraq accepted a US offer to talk about resolving the Persian Gulf crisis.
    (AP, 12/1/00)
1991        Dec 1, Kidnappers in Lebanon pledged to release American hostage Joseph Cicippio within 48 hours.
    (AP, 12/1/01)
1991        Dec 1, Nursultan Nazarbayev was elected president of Kazakhstan.
    (AP, 12/1/12)
1991        Dec 1, In Paraguay the Colorado party won parliamentary elections.
    (www.atlapedia.com/online/countries/paraguay.htm)
1991        Dec 1, Ukrainians voted overwhelmingly for independence from the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 12/1/97)

1992        Dec 1, In Mineola, N.Y., Amy Fisher was sentenced to five to 15 years in prison for shooting and seriously wounding Mary Jo Buttafuoco. Fisher was released in 1999 after serving 7 years.
    (AP, 12/1/97)(SFC, 5/11/99, p.A9)
1992        Dec 1, President Boris Yeltsin survived an impeachment attempt by hard-liners at the opening of the Russian Congress.
    (AP, 12/1/97)

1993        Dec 1, US Navy Ensign George Smith shot and killed his ex-fiancée and a friend and then himself. In Oct. he had passed a Navy screening test to gauge his psychological fitness for nuclear submarine duty.
    (SFC, 5/27/96, p.A2)
1993        Dec 1, Eighteen people were killed when a Northwest Airlink commuter plane crashed in Minnesota.
    (AP, 12/1/98)

1994        Dec 1, The US Senate gave final congressional approval to a world trade agreement, passing the 124-nation General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), 76-24.
    (AP, 12/1/99)
1994        Dec 1, Former TV evangelist Jim Bakker spent his first full day of freedom after time in prison, a halfway house and house arrest for bilking followers of his PTL ministry.
    (AP, 12/1/04)   
1994        Dec 1, Mexican Pres. Carlos Salinas de Gortari left office. Within weeks speculators began to attack the overvalued peso.
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, p.A13)

1995        Dec 1, Tens of thousands of people in Dublin, Ireland, warmly welcomed President Clinton to his ancestral homeland.
    (AP, 12/1/00)
1995        Dec 1, The NATO alliance chose Spanish Foreign Minister Javier Solana be its new secretary general.
    (AP, 12/1/00)

1996        Dec 1, The Arab League held an emergency meeting in Cairo, after which it warned Israel that peace efforts would be endangered if Israel insisted on expanding Jewish settlements.
    (AP, 12/1/97)
1996        Dec 1, Dr. Ayman al-Zawahri, head of the Egyptian Jihad, crossed into Russia on his way to Chechnya as a possible base of operations. He was soon arrested by Russian police in Dagestan.
    (SFC, 2/22/00, p.A8)
1996        Dec 1, In the Central African Republic army factions in Bangui began fighting. Rebel troops of the Yakoma tribe seized key points.
    (SFC, 12/2/96, p.A12)

1997        Dec 1, Pres. Clinton signed the 50 States Commemorative Coin Program Act into law.
    (SFC, 12/20/99, p.E1)
1997        Dec 1, In California Latrell Sprewell, guard for the Golden State Warriors, choked and threatened coach P.J. Carlesimo. The Warriors quickly terminated Sprewell’s multi-million contract and the NBA then banned him from basketball for one year.
    (SFC, 12/5/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 1, Westinghouse formally changed its name to CBS.
    (www.cbs.com/specials/cbs_75/timeline/1990.shtml)
1997        Dec 1, In Shelbyville, Tenn., Daryl Keith Holton shot and killed his 3 sons and his ex-wife’s daughter (ages 4-13), because he could not get custody. He turned himself in to police.
    (SFC, 12/2/97, p.A8)
1997        Dec 1, Michael Carneal (14), opened fire on a prayer circle and killed 3 classmates and wounded five during a shooting spree at Heath High School in West Paducah, Ky. In 1998 he pleaded guilty but mentally ill in a plea agreement and was given a life prison term with no parole for 25 years.
    (SFC, 12/3/97, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/6/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/1/98)
1997        Dec 1, Stephane Grappelli, jazz violinist, died in Paris. In the mid-30s the Quintet of the Hot Club of France, with Grappelli and Django Reinhardt, recorded “Tiger Rag,” “Dinah,” and “Lady Be Good.” His albums included “Live at Carnegie Hall, “Jazz Round Midnight,” “Plays Jerome Kern,” “Tivoli Gardens” (1979), “Satin Doll,” ‘’Stardust,” ‘For Django,” and “Plays Gershwin.”
    (SFC, 12/2/97, p.A22)(SFC, 12/4/97, p.E3)
1997        Dec 1, The Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) between Russia and the EU came into force. It was signed in June 1994 to encourage political, commercial, economic and cultural cooperation.
    (www.delrus.ec.europa.eu/en/p_243.htm)
1997        Dec 1, In Japan international talks on global warming and reducing greenhouse gases began in Kyoto.
    (WSJ, 12/5/97, p.A1)(AP, 12/1/98)
1997        Dec 1, South Korea reached a preliminary agreement with the IMF for a $55-60 billion bailout.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)(SFC, 1/8/98, p.A7)
1997        Dec 1, Spain’s Supreme Court convicted 23 leaders of the Herri Batsuna (Unified Country) Basque separatist coalition. Each was sentenced to 7 years in prison and fined $3,500.
    (SFC, 12/2/97, p.A10)

1998        Dec 1, Pres. Clinton marked World Aids Day by announcing an increase in NIH funding for an AIDS vaccine to $200 million.
    (WSJ, 12/2/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 1, A nation-wide gun-buyer database was due to go into service.
    (WSJ, 11/12/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 1, It was reported that a US congressional initiative added $165 million in counter-narcotics funds to Colombia. The 1999 aid package totaled $289 million.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A10)
1998        Dec 1, Exxon agreed to buy Mobil Corp. for $75.3 ($73.7) billion. The combination would form the world’s largest corporation.
    (SFC, 12/2/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/2/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/1/99)   
1998        Dec 1, A scientific panel reported that no links were found between breast implants and systemic illnesses.
    (WSJ, 12/2/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 1, In Chicago a fire destroyed the historic Pullman building.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.A3)
1998        Dec 1, In Canada a new gun control law went into effect that required all 3 million gun owners to be licensed and every one of an estimated 7 million rifles and handguns to be registered.
    (SFEC, 3/28/99, p.A22)
1998        Dec 1, A rally of 82 vintage cars entered Cape Town, South Africa, after a 39 day, 18,600 mile journey that began in London.
    (SFC, 12/2/98, p.C12)
1998        Dec 1, In Colombia rebels stormed 2 towns and killed at least 8 people and wounded 30.
    (SFC, 12/2/98, p.A6)
1998        Dec 1, Granma, Cuba’s only daily newspaper, recommended that Christmas be re-established as a permanent holiday. Cuba's Communist Party recommended that Dec. 25 be re-established as an annual holiday.
    (SFC, 12/2/98, p.A10)(AP, 12/1/99)
1998        Dec 1, Dutch and Flemish lexicographers unveiled a 40-tome dictionary with 45,000 pages that documented words back to 1500. It took 147 years to complete and compilers stopped at 1976.
    (SFC, 12/2/98, p.C2)
1998        Dec 1, From Egypt it was reported that construction of the $180 million Bibliotheca Alexandria was proceeding. Completion was expected in Oct, 1999.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A10)
1998        Dec 1, In Honduras the death toll from Hurricane Mitch was lowered to 5,657. Some 8,058 were verified as missing, 12,272 injured and 1.4 million homeless.
    (SFC, 12/2/98, p.C12)

1999        Dec 1, The WTO met in Seattle for global trade talks to be known as the Seattle Round. A massive "mobilization against globalization" was also planned by activists. The 134-nation WTO began meeting in Seattle for a round of global trade talks under the proposed names "Millennium Round" or "Clinton Round." The purpose of the talks was to reduce tariffs and subsidies and to open markets. The last Uruguay Round lasted for nearly 8 years. Pres. Clinton spoke and urged the WTO to listen to the demands of protestors. Clinton defended his administration’s policies in the face of sometimes violent street demonstrations. Thousands demonstrated on labor and environmental issues and hundreds were arrested.
    (WSJ, 7/16/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/2/99, p.A1)(AP, 12/1/00)   
1999        Dec 1, The US NIH announced that it would again fund research with controlled safeguards on stem cells from human embryos.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.A4)
1999        Dec 1, An international team of scientists announced that they had virtually mapped all 34 million chemical letters of the number 22 human chromosome, the 2nd smallest of the 23 pairs.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.A3)(AP, 12/1/00)
1999        Dec 1, On World AIDS Days, United Nations officials released a report estimating that eleven million children worldwide had been orphaned by the pandemic.
    (AP, 12/1/00)
1999        Dec 1, African leaders chose Nelson Mandela as the new mediator for talks on ending the 6-year civil war in Burundi.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.D2)
1999        Dec 1, Queen Elizabeth approved a law that granted semi autonomy to Northern Ireland and a midnight power passed formally from London to Belfast.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.A24)
1999        Dec 1, It was reported that the French government had decided to make morning-after contraception pills available to teenage girls through school nurses. 10,000 girls under 18 were becoming pregnant each year and 6,000 were having abortions.
    (SFC, 12/1/99, p.A15)
1999        Dec 1, Ireland joined NATO's Partnership for Peace program.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.D2)
1999        Dec 1, Prime Minister Massimo D'Alema of Italy began a 2-day visit to Libya that involved a $5.5 billion oil and gas project involving ENI, an Italian oil company. It was the 1st visit by a Western head of government since sanctions in 1992.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.D2)
1999        Dec 1, In Japan Tatsuko Muraoka, acting leader of the Aum Shinri Kyo cult, took responsibility for the 1995 gassing of Tokyo subways, led by former guru Shoko Asahara, and promised some compensation to the victims.
    (SFC, 12/2/99, p.D2)
1999        Dec 1, In Russia the Duma passed a bill that vastly increased the powers of security services to combat terrorism and civil disturbances.
    (WSJ, 12/2/99, p.A1)

2000        Dec 1, Pres. Clinton on World AIDS Day urged Congress to provide more money for the prevention and treatment of AIDS. In the US 40,000 people were being infected each year and 420,000 had died since 1981. Worldwide almost 60 million people were infected and 16,000 more were being infected every day.
    (SFC, 12/2/00, p.A6)
2000        Dec 1, The US Supreme Court heard arguments by attorneys of Al Gore and George W. Bush on the legality of a vote extension by the Florida Supreme Court. The Florida Supreme Court turned down 2 Democratic pleas for an immediate count of disputed ballots and for a new election in Palm Beach County where a “butterfly ballot” drew protests from Democratic voters.
    (SFC, 12/2/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/1/01)
2000        Dec 1, In Chile an Appeals Court judge ordered the house arrest of Gen. Pinochet for kidnappings following the 1973 coup.
    (SFC, 12/2/00, p.A12)
2000        Dec 1, In China a shopping mall collapsed and scores of people were killed in Dongguan.
    (WSJ, 12/4/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 1, The European Commission demanded reductions in fishing including 60% cuts of cod and hake catches due to overfishing.
    (SFC, 12/2/00, p.A13)
2000        Dec 1, In France Michel Roussin, former right-hand man of Pres. Jacques Chirac when he was mayor of Paris, was arrested for a kickback scheme in school construction projects.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A15)
2000        Dec 1, In Indonesia police killed 6 separatists in Irian Jaya province after they tried to raise their outlawed rebel flag, the “Morning Star.”
    (SFC, 12/2/00, p.A14)
2000        Dec 1, Iraq halted oil production due to the UN’s refusal to authorize a new payment arrangement for the oil-for-food program. Production was resumed after 2 days.
    (SFC, 12/4/00, p.A12)
2000        Dec 1, Israelis killed 2 Palestinians and injured over 20 in clashes in the West Bank and Gaza.
    (SFC, 12/2/00, p.A13)
2000        Dec 1, In Mexico Pres. Vicente Fox was sworn in as president of Mexico, ending 71 years of ruling-party domination.
    (WSJ, 12/1/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/1/01)
2000        Dec 1, Russia as of this date declared that it would no longer abide by a 1995 deal to halt arms exports to Iran. The US threatened sanctions.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D8)
2000        Dec 1, In South Africa the government agreed to accept a $50 million donation of the drug fluconazole from Pfizer to treat a brain inflammation associated with AIDS. Recent approval was also given for nevirapine, a drug to reduce transmission of the AIDS virus to a fetus.
    (SFC, 12/2/00, p.A12)

2001        Dec 1, In downtown Jerusalem 2 Palestinian suicide bombers self-destructed and killed 11 others. A car bomb detonated shortly after and another dozen were injured. Hamas claimed responsibility.
    (SSFC, 12/2/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/24/02, p.A14)(AP, 12/1/02)
2001        Dec 1, In Afghanistan Farida Afzali (21) became the 1st woman in 5 years to enroll at Kabul Univ. Day 56: US bombing continued around Kandahar and over Tora Bora near Kabul, where 3 villages were hit and a number of civilians killed and injured. Air strikes at Khan-I-Merjahuddin killed 48 civilians. Air strikes at Madoo killed 48 civilians.
    (SSFC, 12/2/01, p.A2)(SSFC, 7/21/02, p.A14)
2001        Dec 1, In London, England, the Financial Service Authority (FSA) replaced a plethora of financial regulators.
    (Econ, 9/15/07, SR p.9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Financial_Services_Authority)
2001        Dec 1, In Germany 4 Afghan factions continued to work on a 20-member “interim authority.”
    (SSFC, 12/2/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 1 A baby girl was born to Japan's Crown Princess Masako and Crown Prince Naruhito, the royal couple's first child in eight years of marriage; she was later named Aiko.
    (SFC, 12/1/01, p.A2)(AP, 12/1/02)
2001        Dec 1, In Russia the Union of Unity and Fatherland Party united 3 centrist movements: Unity, Fatherland and All-Russia. Sergei Shoigu, a Putin confidant, was elected head of 3 co-chairmen.
    (SSFC, 12/2/01, p.A18)
2001        Dec 1, Taiwan held parliamentary elections. The Nationalist Party lost 42 seats and their majority in the 225-seat legislature. The Democratic Progressive Party of Pres. Chen Shui-bian gained 21 seats. The results forced a new coalition government.
    (SFC, 12/1/01, p.A2)

2002        Dec 1, The US federal Bureau of Land Management (BLM) began rounding up over 2,650 wild horses in Nevada to prevent starving and rangeland destruction.
    (SFC, 11/29/02, p.J7)
2002        Dec 1, Sen. Kerry of Massachusetts announced that he would seek the Democratic nomination for president.
    (WSJ, 11/3/04, p.A6)
2002        Dec 1, Edward Latimer "Ned" Beach (b.1918), former Navy captain and author, died at age 84. His books included "Run Silent, Run Deep" (1955), "Around the World Submerged" (1962) and "Scapegoats! A Defense of Kimmel and short at Pearl Harbor."
    (SFC, 12/2/02, p.A19)(WSJ, 12/4/02, p.D10)
2002        Dec 1, In Gaibandha, Bangladesh, least 30 people, mostly women and children, were killed in a stampede after a wall collapsed during a give-away of clothes and money.
    (Reuters, 12/1/02)
2002        Dec 1, Colombia's largest right-wing paramilitary group began a unilateral cease-fire in its long-running battle against leftist rebels.
    (AP, 12/1/03)   
2002        Dec 1, Martin Lee, Hong Kong's pre-eminent champion of democracy, stepped down as leader of the territory's most popular political party.
    (Reuters, 12/1/02)
2002        Dec 1, Prof. Saburo Ienaga, Japanese historian, died at age 89. He had led battles against the government screening of textbooks.
    (SFC, 12/2/02, p.A19)
2002        Dec 1, In Kashmir 10 people, including 4 militants, were killed in fresh clashes between Muslim guerrillas and Indian security forces.
    (Reuters, 12/1/02)
2002        Dec 1, Russia won its first Davis Cup title by rallying to beat defending champion France 3-2.
    (AP, 12/1/03)
2002        Dec 1, PM Janez Drnovsek (52) won Slovenia's presidential election and promised to keep the former Yugoslav republic on a pro-Western course. In 1999 he had a cancerous kidney removed, and in 2005 revealed that doctors had diagnosed "formations" on his lungs and liver in 2001.
    (AP, 12/2/02)(SSFC, 12/2/02, p.a10)(AP, 9/29/06)
2002        Dec 1, In Istanbul, Turkey, some 10,000 people took part in a protest against a U.S.-led war in neighboring Iraq.
    (AP, 12/1/02)
2002        Dec 1, Venezuela museum officials discovered that Henri Matisse's "Odalisque in Red Pants," a 1925 painting of a topless, raven-haired woman kneeling on a floor, worth about $3 million, was stolen as long as two years ago from the Sofia Imber Museum of Contemporary Art and replaced by an imitation. In 2012 FBI agents recovered the painting and arrested 2 people at the Miami Beach Loews Hotel.
    (AP, 2/1/03)(SFC, 7/18/12, p.A6)
2002        Dec 1, World AIDS Day marked 42 million HIV positive people around the world with 75% in sub-Saharan Africa.
    (AP, 12/2/02)

2003        Dec 1, US Rep. Bill Janklow went on trial in Flandreau, S.D., charged with manslaughter in the death of a motorcyclist who'd collided with his automobile. Janklow was convicted and served 100 days in jail.
    (AP, 12/1/04)
2003        Dec 1, Alfonso Rodriguez Jr. (50), described by authorities as a predatory sex offender was arrested in Crookston, Minn., and charged with kidnapping in the disappearance of Dru Sjodin, a North Dakota college student, who may have been abducted last month while talking on her cell phone.
    (AP, 12/2/03)
2003        Dec 1, Boeing Company chairman and CEO Phil Condit resigned unexpectedly. Boeing was involved in a series of procurement violations that also led to the firing of CFO Michael Sears, who ended up serving time in prison for illegal employment negotiations. In 2006 Boeing agreed to pay $615 million to end 3 years of Justice Department investigations.
    (AP, 12/1/04)(WSJ, 5/15/06, p.A1)
2003        Dec 1, Clark Kerr (92), former UC president (1958-1967), died in El Cerrito, Ca.
    (SFC, 12/2/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 1, In Canada a coalition of energy and forest companies and Indian tribes and environmental groups announced a framework for forest and wetland conservation to conserve at least 50% of Canada's sub-Arctic boreal forests.
    (SFC, 12/1/03, p.A7)
2003        Dec 1, A strong earthquake rumbled through a swath of western China's mountainous Xinjiang region, killing at least 11 people and collapsing hundreds of homes in Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture near the border with Kazakhstan.
    (AP, 12/1/03)
2003        Dec 1, French diplomats and other Foreign Ministry staff in 126 countries walked off the job in a one-day strike to protest planned budget cuts.
    (AP, 12/2/03)
2003        Dec 1, India and Pakistan agreed to restore airline overflight and landing rights by Jan. 1, 2004.
    (AP, 12/1/04)
2003        Dec 1, Israeli troops launched a sweeping raid on Ramallah, killing a 9-year-old boy and 3 Hamas gunmen and leaving 60 people homeless after blowing up their apartment building.
    (AP, 12/1/03)
2003        Dec 1, North Korea said the US military conducted at least 150 spy flights against it in November and accused Washington of "watching for an opportunity to crush" the communist regime.
    (AP, 12/1/03)
2003        Dec 1, A Lithuanian Parliament investigation concluded that the office of Pres. Rolandas Paksas has links to organized crime. This prompted calls for his resignation.
    (SFC, 12/2/03, p.A12)
2003        Dec 1, In Mexico Isidro Galeana (65), a former state judicials police commander, was declared a fugitive after a judge ordered his arrest on suspicion of kidnapping alleged leftists during the Mexican government's campaign against radical activists in 1974.
    (AP, 12/2/03)
2003        Dec 1, A report laid bare a corporate scandal at Skandia, Sweden's largest insurer.
    (Econ, 12/6/03, p.67)
2003        Dec 1, Dignitaries from around the world, including former Pres. Jimmy Carter, gathered in Geneva to sign a draft peace accord, called the Geneva Accords, drawn up between Israeli and Palestinian activists.
    (SFC, 12/1/03, p.A1)

2004        Dec 1, US President George W. Bush arrived in Halifax to thank Atlantic Canadians for helping thousands of stranded Americans three years ago and to deliver a speech expected to outline his foreign policy goals for the next four years.
    (AP, 12/1/04)
2004        Dec 1, The Pentagon said it will boost US troops in Iraq to 150,000.
    (SFC, 12/2/04, p.A1)
2004        Dec 1, Tom Brokaw signed off as anchor of NBC News after 21 years. He was succeeded by Brian Williams.
    (SFC, 12/2/04, p.A3)(AP, 12/01/05)
2004        Dec 1, World AIDS Day was observed around the globe. The CDC said nearly one million Americans had the AIDS virus.
    (AP, 12/1/04)(WSJ, 12/2/04, p.A1)
2005        Dec 1, Texas Gov. Rick Perry blocked the execution of Frances Newton two hours before she was to be lethally injected for the deaths of her husband and two young children so her lawyers can conduct new tests on evidence in the 17-year-old murder case. Newton was executed in September 2005.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2004        Dec 1, Andrea Labbe (26), a Toronto woman, stabbed her husband and three-year-old daughter to death before fatally cutting her own throat in one of the most terrible tragedies ever encountered by the city's emergency workers.
    (AP, 12/3/04)
2004        Dec 1, A French appeals court reduced the suspended prison sentence for former Prime Minister Alain Juppe in a party financing scandal from 18 to 14 months, and barred him from elected office for 1 year instead of 10.
    (AP, 12/1/04)
2004        Dec 1, A prison riot followed other violence that left at least 11 people dead and scores wounded as Secretary of State Colin Powell visited with Haitian leaders in an effort to stop the country's bloodshed.
    (AP, 12/2/04)
2004        Dec 1, Encore Software Ltd., one of the makers of India's cheap hand-held computer, the Simputer, forecast a surge in orders to 50,000 units next year.
    (AP, 12/1/04)
2004        Dec 1, The US military command said multinational troops have arrested 210 suspected militants in a weeklong crackdown against insurgents in an area south of Baghdad known as the "triangle of death."
    (AP, 12/1/04)
2004        Dec 1, Prince Bernhard (93), father of Queen Beatrix, died in Utrecht. It was soon reported that he had acknowledged in a series of secret interviews 2 illegitimate children and the acceptance of bribes in 1976 from Lockheed to persuade the Dutch government to purchase its planes. The money was reportedly passed to charities.
    (SFC, 12/15/04, p.A12)
2004        Dec 1, Unidentified gunmen in Iraq killed 5 leading members of a Kurdish group that led a 15-year rebellion in southern Turkey.
    (WSJ, 12/2/04, p.A1)
2004        Dec 1, A Hamas leader announced that the militant group will boycott upcoming Palestinian presidential elections.
    (AP, 12/1/04)
2004        Dec 1, Ukraine's parliament brought down the government of PM Viktor Yanukovych with a no-confidence motion in a show of the opposition's strength. The outgoing president called for an entirely new presidential election to be held to resolve the spiraling political crisis.
    (AP, 12/1/04)

2005        Dec 1, The US government signed an agreement in Kabul committing itself to grants over five years for development in war-ravaged Afghanistan that could amount to about five billion dollars.
    (AFP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, A jury in Sarasota, Fla., recommended the death sentence for Joseph Smith, the killer of 11-year-old Carlie Brucia.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2005        Dec 1, A dog and its owner found the bodies of Sarah and Philip Gehring, two children who'd been fatally shot by their father and buried in rural Ohio.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2005        Dec 1, Countries across the globe marked the 18th World AIDS Day as the UN warned that drastic action was needed to counter the global epidemic. The number of people living with HIV in 2005 was 40.3 million, the highest figure ever.
    (AFP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, Scientists reported that current flow in the Atlantic had slowed 30% over the past 5 decades. Computer models had predicted that global warming could disrupt the way Earth regulates heat.
    (SFC, 12/1/05, p.A7)
2005        Dec 1, Howard Gotlieb (79), archivist at Boston Univ., died.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.98)
2005        Dec 1, Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) board member Robert Gerard announced his resignation, a week after revelations about his disputes with the tax office.
    (AFP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, Australia and East Timor finalized a revenue-sharing pact covering the $5 billion Sunrise natural-gas project.
    (WSJ, 12/2/05, p.A8)
2005        Dec 1, Researchers in Gabon reported that 3 species of fruit bats served as the animal reservoir of the Ebola virus. The deadly disease 1st emerged in 1976.
    (SFC, 12/1/05, p.A7)
2005        Dec 1, In Bangladesh a bomb thrown by an Islamic militant disguised as a tea vendor exploded outside a government building in Gazipur, killing one person and wounding at least 29. The militant was hurt and captured after the blast.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, In Bangladesh 9 wedding guests died of suspected alcohol poisoning from drinking toxic home-brewed liquor the previous evening in a northeastern village.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, Brazil's Congress voted to expel Rep. Jose Dirceu (59), the president's former chief-of-staff, and bar him from holding public office for 8 years amid a corruption scandal that has rocked the government.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, Brazilian authorities said they have arrested three more men suspected of taking part in the August $70 million cash heist, and that a fourth allegedly has been kidnapped.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, In Egypt riot police battled voters, killing one person and blocking entry to polling stations in opposition strongholds in the third and final round of legislative elections.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, In Salamina, Greece, an 80-year-old woman was found strangled to death. Police the next day arrested 3 children (7,8,14) for the robbery and strangling.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, Thousands marched in anti-AIDS rallies in India's plagued northeast, while China rolled out a campaign targeting millions of migrant workers to mark World AIDS Day.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, In Iraq 10 Marines on foot patrol were killed and 11 wounded by a roadside bomb near Fallujah in one of the deadliest attack on American troops in recent months.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 1, The Mexican Attorney General's office said 11 federal agents were charged with kidnapping for picking up four alleged drug hit men and possibly helping kill them.
    (AP, 12/02/05)
2005        Dec 1, Hamza Rabia, one of al-Qaida's top five leaders, a key associate of Ayman al-Zawahri, was tracked down with US help and killed by Pakistani security forces in a rocket attack near the Afghan border. Pakistani authorities said he was killed with 5 other militants.
    (AP, 12/03/05)(SSFC, 12/4/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 1, Russian press said the Far East city of Khabarovsk, in the path of a toxic spill from a Chinese plant explosion, has enough drinking water reserves to last more than 10 days.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, South Africa's highest court ruled it is unconstitutional to prevent gay people from marrying, paving the way for the country to become the first to legalize same-sex unions on a continent where homosexuality remains largely taboo.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, About 60,000 South Korean workers defied a government warning by going on strike to demand better protection for part-time workers.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, in northern Switzerland a pack of dogs mauled a boy walking to his kindergarten class killing him instantly.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, The United Arab Emirates announced it will hold a limited form of voting to pick members of a consultative council, a small step toward widening political participation in a country that has never held elections.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, A UN Security Council committee called on all governments to freeze the assets and travel of two individuals linked to international gunrunner Victor Bout over past arms sales to Liberia. The council added Syrian-born accountant Richard Ammar Chichakli of Texas and Ukrainian-born businessman Valeriy Naydo, with an address in the United Arab Emirates, to its list of people whose assets and travel are to be frozen around the world.
    (AP, 12/01/05)
2005        Dec 1, Zimbabwe signed an agreement with the UN food agency to feed at least 3 million people after previously denying major shortages.
    (AP, 12/01/05)

2006        Dec 1, US companies will need to keep track of all the e-mails, instant messages and other electronic documents generated by their employees thanks to new federal rules that go into effect today. The rules, approved by the Supreme Court in April, require companies and other entities involved in federal litigation to produce "electronically stored information" as part of the discovery process, when evidence is shared by both sides before a trial.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, The largest Roman Catholic archdiocese in the US said it will pay $60 million to settle 45 sex abuse lawsuits, the largest payout yet by the Archdiocese of Los Angeles and among the biggest resulting from the molestation crisis that has plagued the church.
    (AP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 1, World AIDS Day was marked around the globe by somber religious services, boisterous demonstrations and warnings that far more needs to be done to treat and prevent the disease.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, In Berkeley, Ca., protesters began sitting in trees near Memorial Stadium which US Berkeley officials planned to cut in order to build an athletic training center. The last 4 protesters came down on December 9, 2008.
    (SFC, 8/22/08, p.B1)(SFC, 9/10/08, p.A1)
2006        Dec 1, In Argentina a court declared former Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani and eight others fugitives from justice in Argentina, where they are wanted in connection with the 1994 bombing of a Jewish cultural center.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, Opposition leaders led a work stoppage in four Bolivian state capitals to protest President Evo Morales' control of an assembly called to rewrite Bolivia's constitution.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, British media reported that an Italian security expert, who met with a former KGB agent Alexander Litvinenko the day the ex-spy fell fatally ill with radiation poisoning, has also tested positive for the substance.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, Amnesty International accused the government of Chad of failing to act as Janjaweed militia carry out increasing attacks on civilians.
    (AFP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, Chinese courts rejected an appeal from Zhao Yan, the NY Times researcher who reported on official corruption and peasant rights before he joined the newspaper. They upheld the four-year prison term of activist Chen Guangcheng, who documented cases of forced abortions.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, An Interior Ministry official said that 1,846 civilians were killed in Iraq in November, a 43 percent increase from the estimated toll in October. Iraqi forces backed by US helicopters swept through one of the oldest area of Baghdad in house-to-house fighting that killed at least three Iraqis and wounded 11. Scattered sectarian violence elsewhere killed 12 other people. A US Army soldier also was killed in fighting in the volatile Anbar province.
    (AP, 12/1/06)(AP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 1, In Lebanon at least a million people loyal to Hezbollah and its pro-Syrian opposition allies massed in downtown Beirut seeking to force the resignation of Western-backed PM Fuad Saniora, who was holed up in his office ringed by hundreds of police and combat troops.
    (AP, 12/1/06)(SFC, 12/2/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 1, Felipe Calderon took the oath of office as Mexico's president amid jeers and whistles, in a chaotic ceremony before congress preceded by a brawl between lawmakers still divided over the nation's tight presidential election.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, In the Netherlands a court convicted four Dutch Muslims of plotting terrorist attacks against political leaders and government buildings and sentenced them to up to eight years in prison. A man in a hooded coat killed an 8-year-old boy in the corridor of a Dutch grade school. Police said they arrested a 22-year-old suspect.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, In Nigeria OPEC President Edmund Daukoru said that he expects the OPEC oil export group to cut its output quota by at least half a million barrels per day when it meets on December 14.
    (AFP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, The 15th Asian Games exploded into life in Doha, Qatar, with the most spectacular opening ceremony ever staged.
    (www.dohaasiangames.org/)
2006        Dec 1, Pakistan’s President Gen. Pervez Musharraf signed into law an amendment to the country's controversial rape statute to make it easier to prosecute sexual assault cases. In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber struck outside a military facility in Peshawar, killing himself but causing no other casualties.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas convened the PLO's top decision-making body to map out a strategy after declaring that talks to form a more moderate government with ruling Hamas militants had collapsed.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, In Paraguay a court convicted and sentenced 15 members of a radical leftist group to prison for the 2004 kidnapping and murder of Cecilia Cubas (31), a former president's daughter.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, Officials reported that Typhoon Durian killed as many as 200 people when it tore through the eastern Philippines. The storm was eventually blamed for 1,399 deaths.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2006        Dec 1, The opening ceremony for the 15th Asian Games took place in Doha, the capital of Qatar.
    (Reuters, 11/27/06)
2006        Dec 1, The US circulated a UN Security Council draft resolution that would authorize a regional force to protect Somalia's weak government and threaten Security Council action against those who block peace efforts and attempt to overthrow it.
    (AP, 12/2/06)
2006        Dec 1, South Africa unveiled plans to halve the number of people being infected with the AIDS virus within five years by persuading youngsters to delay the start of their sex lives. Some 5.5 million South Africans suffered from HIV and about 950 were dying from AIDS every day.
    (AFP, 12/1/06)(Econ, 12/9/06, p.53)
2006        Dec 1, A suicide bomber targeted a convoy carrying Sri Lanka's defense secretary in Colombo, killing himself and two soldiers. The defense secretary, who is also the president's brother, was unharmed.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, Ukraine lawmakers fired the foreign minister and interior minister, setting the stage for a legal battle between the president and the premier.
    (AP, 12/1/06)
2006        Dec 1, Pres. Robert Mugabe said Zimbabwe is showing the way for Africa in the fight against HIV/AIDS. He urged Zimbabweans to take greater personal responsibility in stopping the epidemic. HIV prevalence rate declined to 18.1% this year from 25% five years ago.
    (Reuters, 12/1/06)

2007        Dec 1, Pres. Bush sent a letter, his first, to North Korean leader Kim Jong Il urging him to fully disclose his nuclear programs by the end of the year.
    (SFC, 12/7/07, p.A16)
2007        Dec 1, Roger Lee Dillon (22) and his girlfriend, Nicole N. Boyd (24), were arrested in West Virginia for the disappearance of $7 million in cash and checks from an Ohio armored car company. The disappearance of the money was discovered Nov 26.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2007        Dec 1, Police in Wichita, Kan., identified a body found days earlier as that of Emily Sander, a missing college student whose disappearance drew nationwide attention after the discovery she was also an Internet pornography model named Zoey Zane. As of 2008 suspect Israel Mireles, was fighting extradition from Mexico.
    (AP, 12/1/08)
2007        Dec 1, Four suspects were charged in Miami in the shooting death of Washington Redskins star Sean Taylor. One ended up pleading guilty to second-degree murder; a fifth suspect was also charged.
    (AP, 12/1/08)
2007        Dec 1, Cheryl Dunlap, a nurse from Crawfordsville, Florida, went missing. On Dec 16 her decapitated body was found in the Apalachicola National Forest. In 2011 a jury recommended the death penalty for Michael Hilton (64), who was already serving life in prison for the 2008 slaying of Meredith Emerson of Athens, Georgia.
    (SFC, 2/22/11, p.A4)(www.wjhg.com/news/headlines/12542231.html)
2007        Dec 1, Danny Newman (b.1919), press agent, died at his home in Chicago. He boosted theater success for the Lyric Opera of Chicago beginning in 1954 with the use of subscriptions. His 1978 book “Subscribe Now” became a fund-raising classic.
    (WSJ, 12/15/07, p.A8)
2007        Dec 1, Afghan and NATO-led troops battled with Taliban militants and called in airstrikes in a series of clashes in the country's south that left 40 insurgents dead.
    (AP, 12/2/07)
2007        Dec 1, Officials said a week of heavy rains in northern Algeria caused the death of 15 people, while three more people are missing feared dead.
    (AFP, 12/1/07)
2007        Dec 1, The head of Belgium's Flemish Christian Democrats abandoned efforts to form a coalition government, after more than five months of fruitless talks, plunging the country further into crisis.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2007        Dec 1, The Times reported that Jonathan Evans, the head of Britain's domestic security service, has warned business leaders that China has been carrying out state-sponsored espionage against vital parts of the economy.
    (AFP, 12/1/07)
2007        Dec 1, Zhang Zilin (23), Miss China, won the Miss World 2007 title in her own country in front of an estimated two billion viewers around the globe.
    (AFP, 12/1/07)
2007        Dec 1, China and Japan began talks on trade and economic issues that are intended to bolster the recent warming of their long-uneasy relations.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2007        Dec 1, Dubai police conducted a series of simultaneous raids on suspected brothels, landing 247 suspects in jail in the emirate's biggest anti-prostitution sweep to date. Human was trafficking rampant in this wealthy Gulf city.
    (AP, 12/5/07)
2007        Dec 1, A deadline for Ethiopia and Eritrea to agree on the physical demarcation of their border expired amid escalating tension between the two nations, leaving the frontier only delineated on maps.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2007        Dec 1, At the 20th annual European Film Awards in Berlin Romanian director Cristian Mungiu's "4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days" won the best film prize.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2007        Dec 1, Dozens of militants stormed Dwelah, a Shiite village north of Baghdad, killing at least 13 people and torching homes. The villagers fought back killing three gunmen. Elsewhere in the same region, Iraqi and US troops freed four villages from al-Qaida control.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2007        Dec 1, An Israeli airstrike killed five Hamas members, prompting threats by Gaza militants to fire longer-range rockets at Israeli border towns.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2007        Dec 1, In northwestern Pakistan former PM Benazir Bhutto launched her election campaign, a day after unveiling her party's platform despite calls from other opposition groups to boycott the Jan. 8 vote.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2007        Dec 1, US coffee giant Starbucks announced plans to build a regional support centre in Rwanda for farmers in east Africa, where the industry has faced difficulty despite recent price spikes.
    (AFP, 12/2/07)
2007        Dec 1, In South Africa Nelson Mandela drew a crowd of about 15,000 to his fifth international awareness concert, held this year to coincide with World AIDS Day.
    (AP, 12/2/07)
2007        Dec 1, ETA gunmen shot and killed a Spanish policeman and seriously injured another in France, the first killing by the Basque separatist group in almost a year.
    (AP, 12/1/07)
2007        Dec 1, In Sri Lanka at least 11 Tamil Tiger rebels were killed and 49 injured in heavy clashes across northern defense lines in Mannar. Elsewhere, 13 rebels were killed overnight in separate fighting near the guerrillas' stronghold in the north of the island.
    (AFP, 12/1/07)
2007        Dec 1, The Turkish military said it fired on 50 to 60 Kurdish rebels inside Iraqi territory, inflicting "significant losses." Turkish troops killed four Kurdish rebels in fighting near its border with Iraq.
    (AP, 12/1/07)(AP, 12/2/07)

2008        Dec 1, President-elect Barack Obama announced that Robert Gates would remain as defense secretary. Obama picked former campaign rival Hillary Rodham Clinton as secretary of state.
    (AP, 12/1/08)
2008        Dec 1, In Alabama mayor Larry Langford of Birmingham was arrested on charges of steering millions of dollars of bond work to a friend in exchange for over $230,000 in bribes. The 101-count indictment also charged Montgomery banker Bill Blount and lobbyist Al LaPierre.
    (SFC, 12/2/08, p.A2)
2008        Dec 1, California’s Gov. Schwarzenegger declared a fiscal emergency and called legislators into a new special session in order to trim a $11.2 billion budget deficit.
    (SFC, 12/2/08, p.A1)
2008        Dec 1, In Tracy, Ca., Kyle Ramirez (16) escaped from a home where he had been shackled and tortured for over a year. In 2010 defendants Michael Schumacher (36) was sentenced to 30 years in prison, his wife Kelly Lau (32) received 33 years, and the boy’s guardian Caren Ramirez (45) was given 34 years. All three had accepted plea deals. In 2010 Anthony Waiters (31), a neighbor, was convicted of 9 charges including aggravated mayhem and false imprisonment. On Feb 28, 2011, Waiters was sentenced to life in prison. In 2015 Sacramento County agreed to pay $4 million to settle a suit accusing its Child Protective Services workers of ignoring Kyle’s welfare.
    (SFC, 10/9/10, p.C2)(SFC, 11/24/10, p.C3)(SFC, 12/7/10, p.C3)(SFC, 3/1/11, p.C3)(SFC, 7/24/15, p.D1)
2008        Dec 1, The NBER, a private, nonprofit research organization, said its group of academic economists who determine business cycles met and decided that the US recession began last December.
    (AP, 12/2/08)
2008        Dec 1, A federal jury in SF cleared Chevron Corp. of responsibility for any human rights abuses during a violent protest on a company oil platform in Nigeria a decade ago.
    (AP, 12/2/08)
2008        Dec 1, US researchers reported that almost 20% of young American adults have a personality disorder that interferes with everyday life, and that even more abuse alcohol or drugs.
    (SFC, 12/2/08, p.A10)
2008        Dec 1, China's Health Ministry said six babies may have died after consuming tainted milk powder, up from a previous official toll of three, and announced a six-fold increase in its tally of infants sickened in the scandal, to nearly 300,000.
    (AP, 12/1/08)
2008        Dec 1, In northern China 11 girls died of carbon monoxide poisoning at a school in Shaanxi province. A news report said the girls had lit a fire to keep warm.
    (AP, 12/2/08)
2008        Dec 1, In Germany Monika Halbe (44) was sentenced to four years and three months in prison for killing the children born in 1988 and 2003 by suffocation or neglect. The case of a third infant killed in 1986 and stored with the other two was not prosecuted because the statute of limitations had expired.
    (AP, 12/1/08)
2008        Dec 1, India has formally demanded that Pakistan take "strong action" against the people behind the Mumbai attacks. An Indian police official said the only gunman captured alive after the attacks claimed to belong to Lashkar-e-Taiba, a Pakistani militant group with links to the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir and one long seen as a creation of the Pakistani intelligence service.
    (AP, 12/1/08)
2008        Dec 1, A series of suicide bomb attacks struck US and Iraqi security forces in Baghdad and the northern city of Mosul, killing at least 32 people and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 12/1/08)(SFC, 12/2/08, p.A4)
2008        Dec 1, The Israeli navy turned away a Libyan ship heading to Gaza with 3,000 tons of humanitarian aid, ending the most high-profile effort yet to break a blockade of the Hamas-ruled territory.
    (AP, 12/1/08)
2008        Dec 1, In Italy the worst flooding in Venice in more than 20 years forced residents and tourists to wade through knee-high water.
    (AP, 12/1/08)
2008        Dec 1, In Mexico Tijuana's anti-corruption police chief was fired and replaced with an army officer, following three days of violence that left 37 people dead in this border city plagued by warring drug gangs. In southern Mexico Fabian Ramirez shot his 50-year-old mother in the back Monday, wounding her. He then allegedly killed three police officers who arrived at the scene, including Iguala's police chief. Police captured Ramirez, but four armed men broke into the jail and took him away by force. The next day Ramirez was found beheaded.
    (AP, 12/1/08)(AP, 12/2/08)
2008        Dec 1, In Nigeria some two thousand angry youths stormed a mosque in the riot-torn city of Jos as a top parliament official appealed for an end to religious troubles that have left hundreds dead.
    (AFP, 12/1/08)
2008        Dec 1, Militants in northwestern Pakistan attacked trucks ferrying supplies to NATO and US forces in Afghanistan, killing two people and destroying a dozen vehicles. A suicide attack on a security checkpoint in the Swat Valley killed 8 people and wounded 40.
    (AP, 12/1/08)
2008        Dec 1, A 12-day UN climate conference opened in Poznan, Poland. During the conference Chief Bill Erasmus of the Dene nation in northern Canada brought a stark warning about the climate crisis: The once abundant herds of caribou are dwindling, rivers are running lower and the ice is too thin to hunt on.
    (www.environmentalleader.com/2008/12/01/un-climate-talks-kicks-off-in-poznan/)
2008        Dec 1, Romania's parliamentary election results showed the centrist and leftist parties less than a percentage point apart with more than 90 percent of the vote counted, raising the prospect of tough negotiations to form a coalition.
    (AP, 12/1/08)
2008        Dec 1, South Africa used World AIDS Day to urge its menfolk to get themselves tested for the HIV virus that leads to the illness.
    (AP, 12/1/08)
2008        Dec 1, In Thailand a senior tourism official said an estimated 350,000 passengers have been unable to fly out since anti-government protesters shut down Bangkok's two airports last week.
    (AFP, 12/1/08)
2008        Dec 1, In Zimbabwe gunfire broke out in downtown Harare when rampaging, unpaid soldiers attacked money changers and clashed with police. Zimbabwe rejected a court ruling that demanded the government stop its policy of seizing land from white farmers. Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai urged the world to help end a "man-made" humanitarian crisis which has left hundreds of people dead in a cholera epidemic.
    (AP, 12/1/08)

2009        Dec 1, President Barack Obama shared his new US strategy for Afghanistan with President Hamid Karzai, spending an hour discussing troops levels, security, political and economic elements of his revised war plan. Obama planned to send 30,000 more troops to be deployed over the next six months, escalating the 8-year-old war. In his prime-time speech to the nation, Obama laid out a rough timeframe, for when the main US military mission will end. Obama proposed an 18-month timeline for starting to bring troops home.
    (AP, 12/1/09)(Reuters, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 1, California Governor Schwarzenegger and Maria Shriver inducted the latest nominees to the California Hall of Fame. They included: Carol Burnett, Andy Grove, Hiram Johnson, Rafer Johnson, Henry J. Kaiser, Joan Kroc, George Lucas, John Madden, Harvey Milk, Fritz Scholder, Danielle Steel, Joe Weider and General Chuck Yeager.
    (SFC, 12/2/09, p.C6)
2009        Dec 1, In Miami, Florida, lawyer Scott Rothstein was arrested on federal racketeering and fraud charges alleging he operated a $1 billion scheme involving phony legal settlements. On Jan 27, 2010 Rothstein (47) pleaded guilty to federal charges that he ran a $1.2 billion Ponzi scheme.
    (SFC, 12/2/09, p.A9)(SFC, 1/28/10, p.A6)
2009        Dec 1, Voters in Atlanta, Georgia, selected former state Sen. Kasim Reed as mayor by a margin of 715 votes over City Councilwoman Mary Norwood. With 84,383 votes cast, the margin was less than 1% and a recount was expected. A Dec 9 recount confirmed Reed as the winner by a margin of 714 votes.
    (SSFC, 12/6/09, p.A14)(SFC, 12/10/09, p.A13)
2009        Dec 1, A Baltimore jury convicted Mayor Sheila Dixon of one count of embezzlement for stealing gift cards meant for poor residents. She was acquitted of other charges.
    (SFC, 12/2/09, p.A12)
2009        Dec 1, In NYC John “Junior” Gotti was freed on $2 million bond after a jury failed to reach a verdict over racketeering charges. This was the 4th hung jury for Gotti in 5 years.
    (SFC, 12/2/09, p.A9)
2009        Dec 1, In Vienna Japanese diplomat Yukiya Amano took the helm of the UN atomic watchdog (IAEA), pledging a steady hand to steer the agency through the storm surrounding Iran's nuclear drive. Mohamed ElBaradei (67), the outgoing Egyptian chief of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), handed over his leadership to Yukiya Amano.
    (AP, 11/30/09)(AFP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Ephraim Nkezabera (57), a former Rwandan bank director, was sentenced to 30 years in prison by a Belgian court which found him guilty of war crimes including murder, attempted murder and rape during the 1994 genocide. Nkezabera was not present in court and did not attend the trial, which started just over three weeks ago, because of ill health. He was arrested in June 2004 by the Belgian authorities while visiting a family member in Belgium.
    (Reuters, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, China’s quarantine bureau said it has lifted bans on imports of pork products from the United States, Canada and Mexico, but analysts said the move would not likely lead to a surge of new imports.
    (Reuters, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, The new EU Treaty of Lisbon went into effect. It provided the EU with modern institutions and optimized working methods to tackle both efficiently and effectively today's challenges in today's world.
    (AP, 1/1/10)(http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/index_en.htm)
2009        Dec 1, In Hong Kong a rare, 5-carat pink diamond was auctioned off for a record $10.8 million in Hong Kong.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, In India newspaper executives and editors gathered from around the world heard calls to seek more payment for their content on the Internet as they decried their industry's sharply falling advertising revenues.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Indonesia banned the film “Balibo,” an Australian-made film on the alleged murder of six Australian-based journalists by Indonesian troops during the 1975 invasion of East Timor.
    (AFP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 1, Israel sternly warned the EU against recognizing east Jerusalem as the Palestinian capital, saying such a move would damage Europe's credibility as a Mideast mediator. Sweden, the current EU president, was floating an initiative to recognize east Jerusalem as the Palestinian capital.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Italian officials said police have broken up a major mafia clan, issuing 83 arrest warrants and seizing businesses, land, race horses and a London-based online betting company. Local politicians and businessmen in the southern city of Bari were among those implicated as part of a 3-year operation, called "Domino," for collaborating with the Parisi clan.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, In Kazakhstan astronauts from Canada and Belgium and a Russian cosmonaut landed safely, wrapping up a six-month stint on the International Space Station.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Kosovo told the UN's highest court that its independence is irreversible and warned that any attempt to cancel it could set off a renewed conflict.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Libya sentenced two Swiss businessmen to 16 months in prison and a fine, in a row stemming from the arrest in Geneva last year of Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi's son.
    (AP, 12/2/09)
2009        Dec 1, In Mexico City gunmen burst in to a Starbucks coffee shop and killed a former policeman who was a protected witness in a drug corruption case, the second death of a high-profile witness in Mexico in less than two weeks. Edgar Bayardo was gunned down in the upper middle-class Del Valle neighborhood, and a man with him was severely wounded.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, In Pakistan a suicide bomber killed Shamsher Ali Khan, a provincial lawmaker, as he received guests at his home in the northwest Swat valley. The army said 10 suspected militants were arrested in two search operations in the region in the past 24 hours.
    (AFP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Peru's police chief dismissed the head of his criminal investigations unit amid suggestions that officers may have invented a story about a murderous gang of human fat thieves, perhaps to distract from allegations of police killings.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, In the Philippines Andal Ampatuan Jr., the heir of a powerful clan, was charged in connection with the Nov 23 ambush in which 57 people, more than half journalists, were slaughtered. Three witnesses, who escaped, reported seeing him and some 100 gunmen stopping cars at the scene of the massacre.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Pirates off Oman attacked the oil tanker, Sikinos. Using flares and hoses, the crew of the Greek oil tanker fought off the pirate attack in the Arabian Sea.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, In South Africa Pres. Zuma said on World AIDS Day that all HIV-positive babies will be treated and testing expanded, a dramatic and eagerly awaited shift in a country that has more people living with HIV than any other.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Sri Lanka gave permission to nearly 127,000 Tamil refugees to leave squalid and overrun government camps where they have been detained since the country's civil war ended six months ago.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, Turkey's government approved a plan to open the country's first Kurdish-language department at a university as part of its efforts to reconcile with the Kurdish minority. Small scale violence continued for the third day in a row as stone-throwing Kurdish militants clashed with police across the nation in the wake of last week's anniversary of the 1978 founding of the PKK rebel group.
    (AP, 12/1/09)
2009        Dec 1, UAR stock markets plunged for a second day after the Dubai government said it is not guaranteeing debt-ridden Dubai World, which unveiled a major restructuring plan.
    (AP, 12/1/09)

2010        Dec 1, President Barack Obama reversed a March decision to expand offshore oil exploration to the Atlantic Ocean and eastern Gulf of Mexico, but said deepwater drilling could continue in the part of the Gulf hit by the BP disaster.
    (AFP, 12/1/10)
2010        Dec 1, It was reported that the Pentagon has rolled out prototypes of a programmable "smart" grenade launcher, a shoulder-fired weapon that uses microchipped ammunition to target and kill the enemy, even when the enemy is hidden behind walls or other cover.
    (AFP, 12/1/10)
2010        Dec 1, Extended unemployment benefits for nearly 2 million Americans began to run out, cutting off a steady stream of income and guaranteeing a dismal holiday season for people already struggling with bills they cannot pay.
    (AP, 12/1/10)
2010        Dec 1, In Rohnert Park, Ca., Calli Murray (2) was killed and her mother injured as a Sonoma State Univ. student ran into them while texting on her phone. In 2011 Kaitlyn Dunaway (19) pleaded no contest and was sentenced to 5 days in jail and nearly 4 months of home detention.
    (SFC, 11/17/11, p.C3)
2010        Dec 1, In San Francisco Dr. Dean Edell (69), syndicated radio medical show host, announced his retirement on KGO-AM, where he began in 1979.
    (SFC, 12/2/10, p.C7)
2010        Dec 1, Harold Martin Smith (43), a man wanted in the Nov 16 slaying of Hollywood publicist Ronni Chasen (64), killed himself in the lobby of a dreary Los Angeles hotel as police closed in to question him.
    (AP, 12/2/10)(SFC, 12/9/10, p.A18)
2010        Dec 1, A Delaware jury awarded $30 million in damages to John Vai, who claimed he was sexually abused by former priest Francis DeLuca (80) in the 1960s. DeLuca was defrocked in 2008 after serving a short prison sentence for repeatedly molesting his grandnephew (18). The Wilmington diocese, facing more than 100 priest-abuse lawsuits, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection last year.
    (SFC, 12/2/10, p.A13)(http://tinyurl.com/2cqrfcl)
2010        Dec 1, The Illinois Legislature voted to legalize civil unions.
    (SFC, 12/2/10, p.A13)
2010        Dec 1, The Journal Nature published a research study that estimated the universe contains some 300 sextillion stars, 3 times more than previously calculated.
    (SFC, 12/2/10, p.A16)
2010        Dec 1, In Afghanistan gunmen kidnapped 16 deminers but released nine of them hours later before taking the rest to an unknown location. A coalition service member was killed in a roadside explosion in the south. The remaining 7 deminers were freed in Pakistan on Dec 3.
    (AFP, 12/1/10)(AP, 12/2/10)(AFP, 12/3/10)
2010        Dec 1, Belarus announced that it will give up its stockpile of material used to make nuclear weapons by 2012. The arrangement was announced on the sidelines of an international security meeting in the Central Asian nation of Kazakhstan by US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and her Belarussian counterpart, Sergei Martynov.
    (AP, 12/1/10)
2010        Dec 1, Central African Republic President Francois Bozize said Jean-Bedel Bokassa (d.1996), the former self-styled "emperor" who was overthrown in 1979, is "rehabilitated in all his rights" in a decree published to coincide with the country's 50th anniversary celebrations.
    (AP, 12/1/10)
2010        Dec 1, In Egypt a top official from the opposition Muslim Brotherhood said the group is pulling out of parliamentary elections, citing widespread fraud.
    (AP, 12/1/10)
2010        Dec 1, A Guatemalan ex-congressman, Manuel Castillo, was sentenced to 203 years in prison after being found guilty of ordering the assassination of three Salvadoran representatives to the Central American Parliament and their driver in 2007. Two former police officers and four others were also sentenced to between 99 and 210 years.
    (AP, 12/3/10)
2010        Dec 1, In India Azim Premji (b.1945), chairman of Wipro Ltd., announced a nearly $2 billion donation to fund education programs for the poor.
    (SFC, 12/3/10, p.A2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azim_Premji)
2010        Dec 1, Human Rights Watch urged Indonesia to overturn the Shariah laws in Aceh province, in effect since 2001, due to alleged widespread rights abuses.
    (SFC, 12/2/10, p.A11)
2010        Dec 1, In Iran for the second time in a month, heavy air pollution in the smog-filled capital of Tehran, home to over 12 million people, has forced authorities to close government offices and schools and declare a two-day public holiday because of the health dangers of being outdoors.
    (AP, 12/1/10)
2010        Dec 1, Iran hanged Shahla Jahed (40), a former soccer player's mistress. She was convicted in 2002 of murdering her love rival in a case that captivated the Iranian public for several years.
    (AP, 12/1/10)
2010        Dec 1, Kazakhstan began hosting a 2-day summit of the OSCE, the first in 11 years, seeking to revamp the organisation's ability to react to security crises.
    (AFP, 12/1/10)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.54)
2010        Dec 1, Kuwait began hosting a two-day conference to try to attract aid and investment to resource-rich but neglected east Sudan.
    (AFP, 11/30/10)
2010        Dec 1, In southern Nigeria a gun battle between police and armed robbers left seven people dead, including a policeman and three passersby.
    (AFP, 12/3/10)
2010        Dec 1, In Peru a tourist bus collided head-on with a truck loaded with cement, killing 4 travelers from Belgium and one from the Netherlands as well as both drivers in the southern Chacachaca area. 28 people were injured.
    (AP, 12/1/10)
2010        Dec 1, In the Philippines suspected communist guerrillas seized a passenger bus then opened fire on pursuing government forces in a running gunbattle that killed at least four people in San Francisco town, Quezon province.
    (AP, 12/1/10)
2010        Dec 1, Portugal suffered another blow when its borrowing costs rose sharply in a government Treasury bill auction, but officials insisted the debt-ridden country could survive without an international bailout.
    (Reuters, 12/1/10)
2010        Dec 1, Russia’s PM Vladimir Putin warned that his country will find it necessary to build up its nuclear forces, if the United State's doesn't ratify a new arms reduction treaty.
    (AP, 12/1/10)
2010        Dec 1, South African white farmer Attie Potgieter (40), his wife Wilna (36) and their 3-year-old daughter were murdered on their farm in Lindley. 6 men were later charged with the murders. Attie was slashed over 150 times.
    (Econ, 9/17/11, p.48)(http://tinyurl.com/3ru3qom)
2010        Dec 1, On World AIDS Day South Africa counted the world’s largest HIV-positive population with an estimated 5.7 million people infected, over 11% of its 50 million people.
    (SFC, 12/2/10, p.A9)
2010        Dec 1, Spain said it will sell off a third of its national lottery business, partially privatize airports and cut both a key jobless benefit and taxes for small companies in an unexpected move to soothe market fears about debt.
    (AP, 12/1/10)
2010        Dec 1, Spain’s Interior Ministry said police over the last 24 hours have arrested seven people in Spain and three in Thailand in an international operation against a group suspected of forging passports for an al-Qaida-linked Islamic terrorist group.
    (AP, 12/1/10)
2010        Dec 1, In southern Sudan northern-backed militias ambushed its army killing 10 soldiers and two civilians in the latest hike in north-south tensions ahead of a January 9 vote on southern independence.
    (Reuters, 12/2/10)
2010        Dec 1, Turkey’s PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan said a US diplomat who reported claims in a State Department memo that he has Swiss bank accounts should be punished for making a false allegation. A classified cable, released this week by WikiLeaks and dated Dec. 30, 2004, from then-U.S. Ambassador Eric Edelman said: "We have heard from two contacts that Erdogan has eight accounts in Swiss banks; his explanations that his wealth comes from the wedding presents guests gave his son and that a Turkish businessman is paying the educational expenses of all four Erdogan children in the U.S. purely altruistically are lame."
    (AP, 12/1/10)
2010        Dec 1, The UN said it is seeking $530 million for aid projects in Somalia next year, and it called the country's 20 years of strife a catastrophe that is "as urgent as ever."
    (AP, 12/1/10)
2010        Dec 1, The UN named 3 Rwandan rebel leaders and a Congolese military officer, suspected of recruiting child soldiers and other abuses, on its worldwide travel ban and assets freeze aimed at stemming widespread violence in Congo.
    (AP, 12/2/10)

2011        Dec 1, Pres. Obama marked World Aids Day with plans to boost spending on HIV treatment by $50 million.
    (SFC, 12/2/11, p.A3)
2011        Dec 1, The US Army established a new cyber brigade. The colors of the 780th Military Intelligence Brigade were unfurled for the first time during an activation ceremony at NSA's Friedman Auditorium, Fort Meade, Md.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7d9kdgm)
2011        Dec 1, Amnesty International urged Ethiopia, Tanzania and Zambia to arrest former US president George W. Bush for violating international torture laws, during his African tour this week.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, The California Public Utilities Commission approved a record $38 million fine against Pacific Gas & Electric for a string of safety violations that led up to a 2008 Christmas Eve explosion outside Sacramento that killed a homeowner.
    (SFC, 12/2/11, p.A1)
2011        Dec 1, In San Francisco 5 members of the MS-13 gang were sentenced to life in prison for a campaign of violence that included three murders in 2008.
    (SFC, 12/2/11, p.C4)
2011        Dec 1, Afghan Pres. Karzai pardoned an Afghan woman (19) serving a 12-year sentence for having sex out of wedlock after she was raped by a relative. Karzai said she had agreed to marry her attacker. She had a child while in prison and had previously refused a judge’s offer of freedom in exchange for marrying the rapist.
    (SFC, 12/2/11, p.A5)
2011        Dec 1, A second wave of Afghanistan's transition from NATO to local control officially started as international forces handed over most of a peaceful province. All but two districts of Parwan province, north of the capital Kabul, were being handed to Afghan control.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Auto giants Toyota and BMW said they have agreed to collaborate on research for cleaner, next-generation car batteries.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Britain’s navy arrested 7 suspected pirates after a helicopter chase off the coast of Somalia. A Spanish fishing vessel had come under attack by a group of pirate vessels.
    (SFC, 12/2/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 1, Berlin-based Transparency International (TI) said corruption is hampering efforts to tackle the eurozone debt crisis, as Greece (80) and Italy (69) scored badly in a list of nations seen to be the most sleaze-ridden. Nepal ranked 154th out of 183 countries. New Zealand ranked the cleanest, while the US ranked 24th. Afghanistan ranked 180.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)(cpi.transparency.org/cpi2011/results/)(AFP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 1, Christa Wolf (b.1929), East German writer, died. Her first novel “Divided Heaven” (1963) was translated to English in 2013 under the title “They Divided the Sky.” Her last novel “City of Angels” was also translated into English in 2013. In 1993 Wolf was revealed to have been an informer for the Stasi, East Germany’s secret police.
    (Econ, 7/13/13, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christa_Wolf)
2011        Dec 1, Shops around India closed their doors in a strike called to protest a new policy to allow big-box retailers into the country.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, In Iraq 2 separate attacks killed 17 people in northeastern Diyala province. The attacks came as US Vice President Joe Biden met with Iraqi officials on a trip designed to chart a new relationship between the two countries ahead of the withdrawal of US forces by the end of this year.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara arrived in Conakry for a one day visit in which he and his Guinean counterpart Alpha Conde will discuss reconciliation efforts in their troubled countries.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, In Kazakhstan a new 5.2 mile subway line officially opened in Almaty. Work had begun in 1988 under Soviet rule.
    (SFC, 12/3/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 1, Lebanese bankers said they have adopted strict measures to ensure compliance with international sanctions against neighboring Syria and are closely scrutinizing transactions by Syrian clients.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Libya's interim interior minister Fawzi Abdelali said security forces will integrate 50,000 fighters who battled loyalists of late dictator Moamer Kadhafi.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Mexican authorities said army troops have dismantled a telecommunications system set up by organized crime in four northern states. The US government delivered inspection technology and a surveillance plane to help Mexico's navy fight drug cartels.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, The first talks in nearly six years between Moldova and the pro-Moscow separatist region of Trans-Dniester concluded in Lithuania with an agreement for more meetings at the beginning of next year.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Nigerian officials said at least 5,000 people have fled villages in central Nigeria at the heart of clashes between nomadic cattle herders and farmers, as at least five people have died in the fighting.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Peru’s El Comercio reported that Congress has amended the penal code to included prison sentences of 15-35 years for murders committed by husbands, lovers, boyfriends and live-in partners. An average of 10 Peruvian women were murdered monthly by their lovers.
    (SSFC, 12/4/11, p.A4)
2011        Dec 1, Russian prosecutors launched a probe against Golos, the country's main independent election watchdog, on suspicion of election law violations — just three days before the national parliamentary vote. It has recorded more than 4,500 complaints related to the Dec 4 election, most involving the dominant United Russia party.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, In Slovakia more than 1,200 doctors of some 7,000 from public hospitals resigned from their posts over low pay, forcing hospitals to delay planned operations and focus on necessary treatment. A new deal was announced on Dec 3 that will ensure salaries for doctors in the state-run hospitals of up to 2.3 times higher than average.
    (AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Dec 1, South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma unveiled a 5-year plan to halve the number of HIV infections, cementing South Africa's turnaround from years of deadly denial.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, In eastern South Africa a crash involving a van and a truck killed all 18 people aboard the two vehicles, including a baby.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Syria's opposition called a general strike over President Bashar Assad's deadly crackdown as government troops stormed a village in the central province of Hama, killing six people. Arab League chief Nabil al-Arabi rejected any foreign intervention in Syria as he joined EU talks aimed at ramping up pressure on the regime over its crackdown on dissidents. The EU's latest sanctions were announced, targeting 12 more people and 11 companies. The UN high commissioner for human rights said that the violence in Syria is a civil war.
    (AP, 12/1/11)(AFP, 12/1/11)(AP, 12/2/11)
2011        Dec 1, In Tunisia thousands of people rallied in central Tunis to express fears of extremism under an Islamist party that swept to power in October polls, but also to denounce unemployment and corruption.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, Clashes between Yemeni soldiers and armed tribesmen in the restive southern city of Taiz left 13 dead including 5 soldiers.
    (AP, 12/1/11)
2011        Dec 1, In Venezuela a 5-year-old boy died in Guanare. An autopsy found bruises and other injuries on the boy's body as well as scars showing a history of physical abuse and "signs of sexual abuse." His death sparked violent protests leading to the arrest of some 30 people. Suspects, including the boy's mother, faced charges of murder, sexual abuse and abusive treatment.
    (AP, 12/7/11)

2012        Dec 1, At a ceremony in Norfolk, Va., the USS Enterprise, the world's first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, was retired after 51 years from active service. This temporarily reduced the number of carriers in the US fleet to 10 until 2015.
    (AP, 12/1/12)(SSFC, 12/2/12, p.A12)
2012        Dec 1, In Florida a charter bus carrying 32 members of a church group hit a concrete overpass at Miami International Airport after the driver got lost, killing two elderly people on board and leaving three others critically injured.
    (AP, 12/1/12)
2012        Dec 1, Kansas City Chiefs starting linebacker Jovan Belcher shot his girlfriend to death, then drove to the team training facility and killed himself in front of the coach and general manager in a burst of violence.
    (AP, 12/2/12)
2012        Dec 1, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber killed three civilians and wounded another six in Uruzgan province. In Kapisa province Hanisa (22), a female vaccine worker, was shot to death by 3 men on a motorcycle on her first day of work to vaccinate children against polio.
    (AP, 12/1/12)(SSFC, 12/9/12, p.A24)
2012        Dec 1, Australia’s new plain packaging law for cigarettes went into effect.
    (Econ, 11/17/12, p.60)
2012        Dec 1, In Brazil some 800 people held a protest march against the privatization of Brazil's iconic Maracana Stadium. Built for the 1950 World Cup, Maracana is being renovated for the city's upcoming sporting events that include the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2016 Olympics and the final match of 2014 World Cup.
    (AP, 12/1/12)
2012        Dec 1, In western Cambodia four workers were missing and presumed to have drowned after the partial collapse of a dam being constructed on the Atay river. Work on the 120-megawatt Atay hydroelectric project began in 2008.
    (AP, 12/2/12)
2012        Dec 1, In CongoDRC rebels believed to be backed by Rwanda completed their retreat from Goma, less than two weeks after taking control of the strategic city.
    (AP, 12/1/12)
2012        Dec 1, In Egypt tens of thousands of people waving Egyptian flags and hoisting large pictures of Pres. Morsi demonstrated across the country in support of him and Islamic law.
    (AP, 12/1/12)
2012        Dec 1, Iran’s semi-official Fars news agency says that Gen. Kamal Hadianfar, head of the cybercrimes unit, was fired due to "failure and lack of sufficient supervision over the performance of personnel under his command." Iran's judiciary confirmed last month that Sattar Beheshti died on Nov 3 in police custody and that wounds were found on his body.
    (AP, 12/1/12)
2012        Dec 1, Kazakhstan observed a new holiday lauding President Nazarbayev (72), part of a growing cult of personality around the leader of the former Soviet republic. The First President's Day marked the anniversary of Nazarbayev's first election in 1991.
    (AP, 12/1/12)
2012        Dec 1, Kuwaiti security forces watched over polling stations as parliamentary elections were held, underscoring the deepening divide between the ruling establishment and opposition groups staging a widespread boycott of the voting.
    (AP, 12/1/12)
2012        Dec 1, Enrique Pena Nieto took the oath of office as Mexico's new president vowing to restore peace and security and take on the vested interests that have hindered economic prosperity. Protesters opposed to Nieto's rule clashed with tear gas-wielding police outside Congress just hours before he was to take the oath of office and return the country's old guard (PRI) to power.
    (AP, 12/1/12)
2012        Dec 1, Myanmar’s government appointed opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi to lead a 30-member commission to investigate the recent violent dispersal of peaceful protesters at a copper mine.
    (SSFC, 12/2/12, p.A5)
2012        Dec 1, In Pakistan two suspected US drone-fired missiles hit a vehicle near the Sheen Warsak area of South Waziristan, killing a Yemeni militant and two others.
    (AP, 12/1/12)
2012        Dec 1, In Paraguay gunmen murdered Vidaql Vega (48), one of the surviving leaders of a peasant movement whose land dispute with a powerful politician prompted the end of Fernando Lugo's presidency last June. He had lobbied the government for many years to redistribute some of the ranchland that Colorado Party Sen. Blas Riquelme began occupying in the 1960s.
    (AP, 12/2/12)
2012        Dec 1, In Sudan a 95% decline in foreign currency was reported to have triggered an economic crises, newly printed money and an inflation rate of 45%.
    (Econ, 12/1/12, p.56)
2012        Dec 1, Syrian troops backed by helicopter gunships clashed with rebels as government forces pushed a major offensive on villages and towns near the capital's international airport. Internet and telephone service were restored across much of the country following a two-day, nationwide communications blackout.
    (AP, 12/1/12)
2012        Dec 1, In Tunisia hundreds of stone-throwing protesters and security forces firing tear gas clashed for a 5th day in Siliana despite government efforts to defuse days of violence injuring at least 300 people.
    (AP, 12/1/12)

2013        Dec 1, A single engine plane carrying 5 people disappeared in Idaho on its way from Oregon to Montana. It was piloted by Dale Smith, co-founder of Serialtek, a San Jose, Ca., hardware and software company.
    (SFC, 12/4/13, p.A14)
2013        Dec 1, In Missouri a man died and three people were taken in for questioning after an altercation in the parking lot of Arrowhead Stadium as the Kansas City Chiefs played the Denver Broncos.
    (AP, 12/2/13)
2013        Dec 1, In NYC a Manhattan-bound commuter train ran off the tracks while rounding a sharp curve in the Bronx. The seven-car train derailment killed 4 people and injured 11 critically. The train went into a curve at 82 mph and engineer William Rockefeller later said he had “nodded” while at the controls.
    (Reuters, 12/2/13)(SFC, 12/4/13, p.A7)
2013        Dec 1, Two Australian scientists and their pilot were injured when their helicopter made an emergency landing in Antarctica, leaving them stranded overnight on the ice.
    (Reuters, 12/2/13)
2013        Dec 1, Angelo Houssou, a Benin judge who angered the president of the West African nation, said he fled the country over the weekend and is seeking political asylum in the United States.
    (AP, 12/2/13)
2013        Dec 1, In Brazil Ambrosio Vilhalva, a Guarani tribal elder, was stabbed to death at the entrance of his community known as Guyra Roka, Mato Grosso do Sul state. The indigenous leader had decades fought for his people's right to live on their ancestral lands.
    (AFP, 12/3/13)
2013        Dec 1, Canadian police said a naval engineer has been arrested and charged for taking steps to transmit sensitive information to China related to shipbuilding procurement strategy.
    (AFP, 12/2/13)
2013        Dec 1, Croats voted overwhelmingly in favor of defining marriage in the constitution as a "union of man and woman," after conservative groups, backed by the Roman Catholic Church, demanded that the country's constitution define the matrimony as a union of a man and a woman.
    (AP, 12/1/13)(Reuters, 12/1/13)
2013        Dec 1, Egypt's constitution-drafting panel approved a charter that preserves the military's wide-ranging powers, including the ability to try civilians, as police fired tear gas to disperse Islamists in Tahrir Square.
    (AFP, 12/2/13)
2013        Dec 1, Honduras' defeated leftist presidential candidate, the wife of ousted former leader Manuel Zelaya, led thousands of supporters onto the streets of Tegucigalpa to protest the election results.
    (Reuters, 12/1/13)
2013        Dec 1, Iran said it is in talks with Russia to build another nuclear plant at Bushehr, with construction set to begin in 2014.
    (AFP, 12/1/13)
2013        Dec 1, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up at the funeral procession of a Sunni Muslim tribal sheikh, killing at least 10 people and wounding 25. Attacks across the country killed 28 people.
    (Reuters, 12/1/13)(AFP, 11/2/13)
2013        Dec 1, In Italy at least 7 people died and three injured when the illegal Chinese-owned Teresa Moda garment factory in an industrial zone in the town of Prato, outside Florence, burned down.
    (Reuters, 12/1/13)(SSFC, 10/19/14, p.A20)
2013        Dec 1, In Lebanon 3 people were killed overnight in fighting in the northern city of Tripoli. A security source said 10 people, including a woman and an off-duty soldier, have been killed in two days of sectarian clashes in northern Lebanon linked to the war in neighbouring Syria.
    (AP, 12/1/13)(AFP, 12/1/13)
2013        Dec 1, In Mexico Some 40,000 teachers, union members and anarchist activists took to Mexico City's streets in a demonstration on the first anniversary of President Enrique Pena Nieto's inauguration.
    (AFP, 12/1/13)
2013        Dec 1, In Germany Heinrich Boere (92), who murdered Dutch civilians as part of a Nazi Waffen SS hit squad during World War II but avoided justice for six decades, died in a prison hospital while serving a life sentence.
    (AP, 12/2/13)
2013        Dec 1, A senior Palestinian source said security forces have arrested 20 Salafists, after a Gaza-based group affiliated with Al-Qaeda confirmed it was operating in the West Bank for the first time. The source denied that any of those arrested in the northern part of the Israeli-occupied West Bank had ties to the global jihadist group set up by the late Osama Bin-Laden.
    (AFP, 12/2/13)
2013        Dec 1, Syrian government helicopters dropped makeshift bombs on Al-Bab, rebel-held town near Aleppo. At least 20 people, including four children, were killed in a second day of deadly air strikes there.
    (AP, 12/1/13)(AFP, 12/1/13)
2013        Dec 1, Thailand police fought off mobs of rock-throwing protesters armed with petrol bombs who tried to battle their way into the government's heavily-fortified headquarters in Bangkok. PM Shinawatra fled a police complex during the sharpest escalation yet of the country's latest crisis.
    (AP, 12/1/13)
2013        Dec 1, In Ukraine some 300,000 demonstrators chased away police to rally in the center of Kiev, defying a government ban on protests on Independence Square over the president's refusal to sign an agreement with the EU. Opposition leader Vitaly Klitschko, addressing hundreds of thousands of protesters, called on President Viktor Yanukovich and his government to resign. The protests turned violent when a group of demonstrators besieged the president's office and police drove them back with truncheons, tear gas and flash grenades.
    (AP, 12/1/13)(Reuters, 12/1/13)
2013        Dec 1, The UN said Ivory Coast sent hit squads to Ghana to kill followers of former strongman Laurent Gbagbo and paid Liberian mercenaries not to stage cross-border attacks for Gbagbo.
    (AFP, 12/1/13)
2013        Dec 1, In Yemen Al-Qaeda suspects on a bike shot dead an army colonel and his son when he stopped his car at a roundabout in al-Qatan. Yemen began enforcing a temporary ban on motorbikes in the capital to prevent "shoot and scoot" attacks.
    (Reuters, 12/1/13)(AFP, 12/2/13)

2014        Dec 1, In West Virginia Jody Lee Hunt (39) of Westover was found dead of a self-inflicted gunshot wound. He was suspected in four recent killings in three separate shootings.
    (SFC, 12/2/14, p.A6)
2014        Dec 1, In Abu Dhabi American school teacher Ebolya Ryan (37) was stabbed to death in a public restroom at a mall by a suspect wearing the traditional black robe, full-face veil and gloves. On Dec 4 the UAE interior minister said that police have arrested a female suspect in the stabbing death and revealed that the attacker also planted a bomb outside the home of another American. On June 29, 2015, Alaa Bader Abdullah was sentenced to death for the murder of Ryan.
    (AP, 12/3/14)(AP, 12/4/14)(Econ, 12/13/14, p.51)(AP, 6/29/15)
2014        Dec 1, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber detonated his payload at a crowded funeral, killing 2 police and 7 civilians in the Burka district, Baghlan province.
    (AP, 12/1/14)
2014        Dec 1, Bahraini human rights activist Maryam al-Khawaja was jailed for a year in absentia for assaulting two policewomen. His father has been detained since 2011.
    (Reuters, 12/1/14)
2014        Dec 1, In Belgium a strike in parts of the country over government austerity measures halted international rail services to and from Germany and Luxembourg and disrupted public transport across the country.
    (Reuters, 12/1/14)
2014        Dec 1, In Creteil, France, three armed assailants broke into an apartment around noon and tied up a Jewish couple before proceeding to steal bank cards and jewelry. They then raped the 19-year-old woman. The assailants declared: “you Jews, you have money,” as they forced their way into the couple’s home. Four suspects were arrested within the month.
    (http://tinyurl.com/q2vdfal)
2014        Dec 1, German airline Lufthansa cancelled about half of its flights after pilots went on strike in an ongoing dispute over retirement benefits.
    (AP, 12/1/14)
2014        Dec 1, In Haiti about 30 inmates escaped overnight from a prison in Saint Marc.
    (AP, 12/1/14)
2014        Dec 1, Thousands of Hong Kong pro-democracy activists forced the temporary closure of government headquarters after clashing with police, defying orders to retreat after more than two months of sustained protests in the Chinese-controlled city.
    (Reuters, 12/1/14)
2014        Dec 1, In central India at least 13 paramilitary troops were killed in an attack by Maoist rebels in Sukma district, Chhattisgarh state.
    (AP, 12/1/14)
2014        Dec 1, Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi dismissed 24 senior Initerior Ministry officials in an effort to reform and rebuiild security institutions in the country. Islamic State fighters killed 16 Iraqi soldiers in an attack on the al-Waleed border crossing with Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/1/14)(SFC, 12/2/14, p.A3)
2014        Dec 1, Moody’s downgraded Japan’s credit rating in response to PM Abe’s moved to delay last month a second rise in the consumption tax, which had been due in 2015.
    (Econ, 12/6/14, p.41)
2014        Dec 1, The IMF's executive board completed its official review of Mali's situation and agreed to continue disbursing the loans. The fund had suspended its loans to Mali in June over concerns that it overpaid for a military supply contract that wasn't open to bids.
    (AP, 12/2/14)
2014        Dec 1, Mexico’s Pres. Enrique Pena Nieto submiited a bill to Congress to replace most corruption plagued municipal police forces with state police over a two-year period.
    (SFC, 12/3/14, p.A2)
2014        Dec 1, In Mexico protesters set fire to public vehicles in Guerrero state and smashed windows on Mexico City’s main boulevard.
    (Econ, 12/6/14, p.40)
2014        Dec 1, Mexico’s gas market plugged into the rest of North America for the first time as gas began to flow from Texas to Los Ramones along stage one of the Los Ramones pipeline.
    (Econ, 11/15/14, p.65)
2014        Dec 1, In northeastern Nigeria suspected Islamic extremists struck two state capitals, with twin blasts at a crowded market and the destruction of a police base leaving at least 77 people dead. The suspected Boko Haram insurgent attack on the Yobe state capital killed at least 39 people, including 33 policemen and 6 soldiers. 20 militants also died in their raid on Damaturu. A separate bomb attack in the Borno state capital Maiduguri, killed at least 5 people.
    (AP, 12/1/14)(Reuters, 12/2/14)(AP, 12/2/14)
2014        Dec 1, Peru opened the 20th Conference of the parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.
    (Econ, 12/6/14, p.72)
2014        Dec 1, In Poland Robert Biedron (38) became mayor of Slupsk and the country's first openly gay mayor.
    (AP, 12/1/14)
2014        Dec 1, Rescuers searched for more than 50 people missing after a South Korean fishing ship they were working on sank amid high waves in the freezing waters of the Bering Sea. Seven fishermen were rescued. The crew included 35 Indonesians, 13 Filipinos, 11 South Koreans and one Russian inspector. After two day only 12 bodies were recovered.
    (AP, 12/1/14)(AP, 12/3/14)
2014        Dec 1, In Sri Lanka Maithripala Sirisena, a former health minister, signed an agreement with opposition parties, trade unions and professional groups to scrap the country's powerful presidential system and carry out other democratic reforms if he beats incumbent Mahinda Rajapaksa and wins January's presidential election.
    (AP, 12/1/14)
2014        Dec 1, Ukraine landed a 150 million euro ($187 million) loan from the European Investment Bank to modernize its section of the pipeline used to deliver natural gas from Russia to Europe.
    (AP, 12/1/14)
2014        Dec 1, The OSCE said Ukrainian government troops and Russian-backed separatist forces in the Luhansk region have agreed on a new cease-fire to start Dec 5.
    (AP, 12/2/14)
2014        Dec 1, The UN World Food Program suspended a food voucher program serving more than 1.7 million Syrian refugees, citing a funding crisis after many donors failed to meet their commitments.
    (AP, 12/1/14)

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