Return to home65 BC Dec 8, Quintus “Horace"
Horatius Flaccus (d.8 BC), Roman poet and satirist best known for
his three books “Odes," was born. “Drop the question what
tomorrow may bring, and count as profit every day that Fate allows
(HN, 12/8/98)(AP, 11/4/00)
899 Dec 8, Arnulf of Carinthia,
last emperor of Austria-France, died.
1542 Dec 8, Mary Stuart, Queen
of Scotland (1542-67), was born. She became the Queen of England
when she was a week old, but was forced to abdicate her throne to
her son because she became a Catholic. She was executed for plotting
against Elizabeth I. [see Dec 7]
1596 Dec 8, Luis de Carabajal,
1st Jewish author in America, was executed in Mexico. The nephew of
Luis Carvajal, a Jewish convert to Catholicism and governor of the
province of Nuevo Leon, was accused of relapsing into Judaism. He
was tried by Spanish Inquisitors and under torture gave out 116
names of other Judaizers that included his mother and 23 sisters.
They were eventually strangled with iron collars and burned to
death. A 1997 opera by Myron Fink was composed based on his story.
Monterey, Mexico, was founded by conquistador Don Luis de Carvajal.
He fell in love the wrong man’s daughter and was later denounced to
the Mexican Inquisition because of his Jewish heritage.
(SFC, 8/16/96, p.A19)(SFC, 9/18/96, p.A11)(WSJ,
2/25/97, p.A20)(MC, 12/8/01)
1626 Dec 8, Christina (d.1689),
queen of Sweden (1644-1654), was born. She negotiated the Peace of
Westphalia (1648), ending the Thirty Years' War. "Fools are more to
be feared than the wicked." "Dignity is like a perfume; those who
use it are scarcely conscious of it."
(AP, 7/8/97)(AP, 1/14/99)(HN, 12/8/99)
1643 Dec 8, John Pym (59),
English House of Commons member, died.
1660 Dec 8, The first
Shakespearean actress to appear on an English stage (she is believed
to be a Ms. Norris) made her debut as 'Desdemona.'
1709 Dec 8, Thomas Corneille
(74), French dramatist, died.
1731 Dec 8, Frantisek Xaver
Dusek, composer, was born.
1741 Dec 8, Vitus Bering,
Danish-born explorer and commander in the Russian navy, died on an
island off the Kamchatka Peninsula, later named Bering Island.
(ON, 2/06, p.4)
1765 Dec 8, Eli Whitney
(d.1825), American inventor and manufacturer, was born. He invented
the cotton gin.
(CFA, '96, p.60)(HN, 12/8/00)
1776 Dec 8, George Washington's
retreating army in the American Revolution crossed the Delaware
River from New Jersey to Pennsylvania.
1777 Dec 8, Britain’s Gen. Howe
withdrew to Philadelphia following a failed attempt on American
forces encamped at Whitemarsh.
(ON, 8/07, p.8)
1777 Dec 8, Captain Cook left
the Society Islands (French Polynesia).
1785 Dec 8, Antonio Maria
Mazzoni (68), composer, died.
1792 Dec 8, The 1st cremation
in US: Henry Laurens.
1813 Dec 8, Ludwig van
Beethoven's 7th Symphony in A, premiered.
1830 Dec 8, Henri-Benjamin
Constant de Rebecque (b.1767), Swiss-born thinker, writer and French
politician, died. He was intimate with Anne Louise Germaine de Staël
and their intellectual collaboration made them one of the most
important intellectual pairs of their time. In 2008 Renee Winegarten
authored the dual biography “Germaine de Stael & Benjamin
1849 Dec 8, Giuseppe Verdi's
opera "Luisa Miller," premiered in Naples.
1854 Dec 8, Fr. Nicolas
Congiato, SJ, arrived in San Francisco to serve as the superior of
the Jesuit mission in California. He later served as the 2nd
president of St. Ignatius College.
(GenIV, Winter 04/05)
1854 Dec 8, Pope Pius IX
proclaimed the dogma of the Immaculate Conception. In an encyclical
he stated that: "The Blessed Virgin Mary was, from the first moment
of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege of almighty
God… Preserved immune from all stain of original sin. Ineffabilis
(AP, 12/8/97)(PTA, 1980, p.510)(WSJ, 6/3/99,
1857 Dec 8, 1st production of
Dion Boucicault's "Poor of NY."
1859 Dec 8, Thomas De Quincey
(b.1785), English essayist, died. In 2006 his essays on murder were
collected and published under the title “On Murder." He is best know
for his famous “Confessions of an Opium Eater" (1821).
1861 Dec 8, Aristide Maillol,
French painter and sculptor (Seated Woman), was born.
1861 Dec 8, The American Bible
Society announced that it would distribute 7,000 Bibles a day to
1861 Dec 8, CSS Sumter captured
the whaler Eben Dodge in the Atlantic. The war began affecting the
Northern whaling industry.
1862 Dec 8, Georges Feydeau,
French playwright (La Dame de Chez Maxim's), was born.
1863 Dec 8, President Lincoln
announced his plan for the Reconstruction of the South. President
Lincoln offered amnesty for confederate deserters.
(AP, 12/8/97)(MC, 12/8/01)
1863 Dec 8, Averell’s cavalry
destroyed railroads in the southwestern part of West Virginia.
1863 Dec 8, A Jesuit church in
Chile caught fire and 2,500 died in a panic.
1865 Dec 8, Jean Sibelius
(d.1957), composer (Valse Triste, Finlandia), was born as Johan
Julius Christian in Tavastehus, Finland: “Pay no attention to what
critics say. There has never been set up a statue in honor of a
(SFC, 10/14/97, p.B3)(WUD, 1994, p.1323)(SFEC,
11/16/97, Z1 p.5)(MC, 12/8/01)
1874 Dec 8, The Jesse James
gang took a train at Muncie, Kansas.
1881 Dec 8, Vienna's Ring
Theater was destroyed by fire and 640-850 people were killed.
1886 Dec 8, Diego Rivera
(d.1957), Mexican painter, was born in Guanajuato.
(SSFC, 8/19/12, p.P2)
1886 Dec 8, The American
Federation of Labor (AFL) was founded at a convention of union
leaders in Columbus, Ohio, by some 25 labor groups representing
about 150,000 members. The first president of the American
Federation of Labor was Samuel Gompers, who had reorganized the
Cigarmakers Union and participated in the founding of the Federation
of Organized Trades and Labor Unions in 1881.
(AP, 12/8/97)(HNPD, 9/7/99)
1894 Dec 8, James Thurber
(d.1961), American humorist, writer and editor, best known for “The
Secret Life of Walter Mitty," was born. “You can fool too many of
the people too much of the time."
(AP, 10/22/98)(HN, 12/8/98)
1902 Dec 8, Oliver Wendell
Holmes Jr. became Associate Justice on Supreme Court.
1903 Dec 8, Zoltan Szekely,
composer, was born.
1903 Dec 8, Samuel P. Langley’s
man-carrying Great Aerodrome collapsed right after takeoff from a
houseboat on the Potomac River.
1903 Dec 8, Herbert Spencer
(b.1820), English philosopher, died. He was later considered to be
the father of Social Darwinism. He is best known for coining the
phrase "survival of the fittest," which he did in “Principles of
1906 Dec 8, Richard Llewellyn,
author (How Green Was My Valley), was born.
1907 Dec 8, Oscar II (78), the
king of Sweden and former king of Norway, died in Stockholm.
1910 Dec 8, In San Francisco
the Jesuits of St. Ignatius broke ground on a new church at Parker
and Fulton. This was the site of the old Masonic Cemetery
(GenIV, Winter 04/05)
1911 Dec 8, The 61-member SF
Orchestra, later known as the SF Symphony, played its first
performance before some 1400 people and featured works by Wagner,
Haydn and Tchaikovsky. The performance featured violinist Fritz
(SFC, 9/5/11, p.A12)
1913 Dec 8, Delmore Schwartz,
poet and writer, was born.
1914 Dec 8, "Watch Your Step,"
the first musical revue to feature a score composed entirely by
Irving Berlin, opened in New York.
1914 Dec 8, The German cruisers
Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Nurnberg, and Leipzig were sunk by a British
force under Adm. Sturdee in the Battle of the Falkland Islands.
1,800 German sailors were killed including Adm. Von Spee and his 2
sons. Over 2,500 lives were lost in a single day.
3/02, p.11)(SSFC, 10/6/02, p.C12)
1915 Dec 8, Jean Sibelius' 5th
Symphony in E, premiered.
1918 Dec 8, Gerard Souzay,
baritone (Le Nozze di Figaro), was born in Angers, France.
1920 Dec 8, President Wilson
declined to send a representative to the League of Nations in
1921 Dec 8, Eamon de Valera
publicly repudiated the Anglo-Irish Treaty.
1924 Dec 8, Franz X. Scharwenka
(74), German pianist and composer (Mataswintha), died.
1925 Dec 8, Sammy Davis Jr,
singer, dancer and actor (Ocean's 11, Candy Man), was born in NYC.
(SFC, 9/9/00, p.A21)(MC, 12/8/01)
1930 Dec 8, Maximilian Schell,
Austrian actor and director (Odessa File, Julia), was born.
1930 Dec 8, Cole Porter's
musical "NYCers," premiered in NYC.
1930 Dec 8, In San Francisco
Rosetta Baker, a wealthy widow with a taste for younger men, was
found strangled in her California St. apartment. Liu Fook, her
butler (63) and a secret opium addict, was suspected but found
innocent at trial.
(SSFC, 6/2/02, p.D3)(SFC, 2/17/09, p.A11)
1931 Dec 8, Coaxial cable was
1932 Dec 8, Gertrude Jekyll
(b.1843), English gardener and writer, died.
1932 Dec 8, Japan told the
League of Nations that it had no control over her designs in China.
1933 Dec 8, Patrick Leigh
Fermor (b.1915), London-born student, set off to walk the length of
Europe, from the Hook of Holland to Constantinople. He later
recounted his adventures in “A Time of Gifts" (1977) and “Between
the Woods and the Water" (1986). He was later widely regarded as
Britain’s greatest travel writer.
1934 Dec 8, In China John and
Betty Stam, Christian missionaries, were beheaded by communist
soldiers in a village near Nanking.
(WSJ, 1/17/03, p.W13)
1936 Dec 8, NAACP filed suit to
equalize the salaries of black and white teachers.
1936 Dec 8, Anastasio Somoza
was elected president of Nicaragua. The Somoza family led Nicaragua
(SFC, 10/15/96, p.A1)(MC, 12/8/01)
1937 Dec 8, In San Francisco 5
men were sentenced to death at San Quentin for the Sep 19 Folsom
Prison break that cost Warden Clarence Larkin his life.
1938 Dec 8, The Graf Zeppelin,
Germany's only aircraft carrier during World War II, was launched.
It was taken over by Russia after the war and last seen in 1947. In
2006 a Polish oil company found the wreckage on the sea floor about
38 miles north of the northern port city of Gdansk.
1938 Dec 8, L.P. Beria followed
Nikolai Jezjov as head of Russian secret police.
1939 Dec 8, James Galway,
flutist (18k gold flute, Royal Phil), was born in Belfast, Ireland.
1940 Dec 8, During the Battle
of Britain, the German Luftwaffe launched a massive attack on London
as night fell. For nearly 24 hours, the Luftwaffe rained tons of
bombs over the city, causing the first serious damage to the House
of Commons and Tower of London.
1941 Dec 8, The United States
entered World War II as Congress declared war against Japan, a day
after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
(WUD, 1944, p.1683)(SFEC, 12/15/96, p.T7)(AP,
1941 Dec 8, A US tanker was
shelled by a Japanese submarine off Cape Mendocino.
(Ind, 1/27/00, 5A)(Ind, 2/2/02, 5A)
1941 Dec 8, Japanese bombers
1941 Dec 8, Japan attacked the
(WUD, 1944, p.1683)(SFEC, 12/15/96, p.T7)(AP,
1941 Dec 8, Japanese troops
occupied Hong Kong.
(SFEC, 6/22/97, p.A14)
1941 Dec 8, Japanese General
Yamashita began his attack against the British army at Singapore.
General Tomoyuki Yamashita earned the name “Tiger of Malaya" for his
masterful capture of Singapore and the whole Malay Peninsula from
the British, who had a superior number of troops. Yamashita’s
forces landed on the northern Malay Peninsula and southern Thailand
on December 8, 1941, and moved rapidly southward toward Singapore,
which surrendered on February 15, 1942. The peninsula and Singapore
remained under Japanese control throughout the war. Later in the
war, while defending the Philippines from Gen. MacArthur‘s return,
Yamashita's troops wantonly slaughtered more than 100,000 Filipinos
in Manila. He was later tried and executed for war crimes.
(HN, 12/8/98)(HNQ, 4/5/00)
1941 Dec 8, The Nazi Chelmno
extermination camp opened in Poland.
(WUD, 1994 p.252)(MC, 12/8/01)
1941 Dec 8, Russians took
Krijukovo back from Germany.
1941 Dec 8-9, In Latvia a final
sweep of the Jewish ghetto in Riga resulted in over 800 bodies
burned and thrown into a mass grave at a cemetery next to the
ghetto. These events were later recalled in the book “Endless
Miracles," by survivor Jack Ratz, who was 14 at the time, but went
with the men on Nov 29.
(SFEC, 11/1/98, p.A15)
1943 Dec 8, Jim Morrison,
singer (Doors), was born in Melbourne, Fla.
1943 Dec 8, John Van Druten's
"Voice of the Turtle," premiered in NYC.
1943 Dec 8, U.S. carriers sank
two cruisers and down 72 planes in the Marshall Islands.
1944 Dec 8, The U.S. conducted
the longest most effective air raid of the Pacific island of Iwo
1944 Dec 8, American Olivia De
Havilland won a California court of Appeal victory against Warner
Bros. She had sued the studio using a California law, which limited
the right of an employer to enforce a contract against an employee
for more than seven years.
1948 Dec 8, Jordan annexed
Arabic Palestine. The old city of East Jerusalem came under
Jordanian control until 1968. Transjordan was given to a client Arab
family, the Hashenites (led by King Hussein’s grandfather), and was
run out of Mecca by the Saudis. The country now has an ethnic
Palestinian majority. Elections chose a body evenly divided between
Jordan and the Palestinian territories.
(SFC, 6/24/96, p.A19)(WSJ, 4/9/97, p.A14)(AP,
1948 Dec 8, UN approved the
recognition of South Korea.
1949 Dec 8, Jule Styne's
"Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" opened at the NYC Ziegfeld Theater for
1949 Dec 8, The Chinese
Nationalist government moved from the Chinese mainland to Formosa as
the Communists pressed their attacks.
1951 Dec 8, "Tree Grows in
Brooklyn" closed at Alvin Theater, NYC, after 267 performances.
1952 Dec 8, French troops shot
on demonstrators at Casablanca, Morocco, and 50 people were killed.
1953 Dec 8, Pres. Eisenhower
delivered his "Atoms for Peace" address to the UN. He called on both
the US and Soviet Union to abandon their nuclear arsenals. The
"Atoms for Peace" program spread nuclear technology to nations that
agreed not to use it for military purposes.
(SFC, 5/28/98, p.A9)(SFC, 12/9/03, p.A10)
1954 Dec 8, Maxwell Anderson's
"Bad Seed," premiered in NYC.
1956 Dec 8, In Hungary at least
46 civilians were shot dead during protests in the town of
1962 Dec 8, A 114-day newspaper
strike began in NYC.
1963 Dec 8, Three fuel tanks
exploded when a jetliner, struck by lightning, crashed near Elkton,
Maryland. 81 people died. This was the only case of a lightning
1964 Dec 8, The UC Academic
Senate passed resolutions that affirmed the rights of students to
participate in political activity. It voted 842-115 that regulation
of speech and advocacy is a function of the state, not the
university. The FSM voted to support the faculty position.
(SFC, 11/7/96, p.A15)
1965 Dec 8, Abe Burrows'
"Cactus Flower," premiered in NYC.
1967 Dec 8, Beatles "Magical
Mystery Tour" album was released in UK.
1967 Dec 8, In the biggest
battle yet in the Mekong Delta, 365 Vietcong were killed.
1968 Dec 8, South Vietnam’s
vice president Nguyen Cao Ky arrived in Paris for peace talks.
1969 Dec 8, The Los Angeles
Police made a surprise attack on Black-Panthers. At two separate
locations, 400 officers arrested Party members and children. During
one shoot-out, Roland Freeman's body was riddled with bullets, but
1973 Dec 8, In Chile soldiers
shot Argentine primary school teacher Bernardo Lejderman and Maria
Avalos, a Mexican citizen, in front of their 2-year-old child. In
2007 a retired general and two former sergeants were fined and
sentenced to 10 years in prison for killing the leftist couple, and
were ordered to pay $600,000 to Ernesto Lejderman, the son of the
1974 Dec 8, The Greek monarchy
was rejected by referendum. Constantine Karamanlis organized a
referendum that abolished the monarchy.
1975 Dec 8, "Raisin" closed at
46th St Theater NYC after 847 performances.
1977 Dec 8, In Argentina Leonie
Duquet, a French nun, was abducted in a commando-style operation by
state security agents. Alice Domon, another French nun, was abducted
later this month, but her remains were never recovered. They were
killed after befriending mothers of detained dissidents, who were
among the first victims of a crackdown on dissent against the
1976-83 dictatorship. In 2011 an Argentine court charged three
former police officers with killing five women, including Duquet and
Domon, during the country's 1976-1983 "dirty war" by throwing them
out of an airplane while still alive. In 2011 Alfredo Astiz (59), a
former navy spy known as "the Angel of Death," was convicted in the
disappearances of French nuns Alice Domon and Leonie Duquet.
(AP, 12/9/07)(AFP, 6/3/11)(AP, 10/26/11)
1978 Dec 8, Golda Meir (80), PM
of Israel from 1969 to 1974, died of cancer in Jerusalem.
1978 Dec 8, Harry Winston
(b.1896), jeweler to the stars, died. He purchased the Hope diamond
in 1949 and later donated it to the Smithsonian Institute.
1980 Dec 8, John Lennon,
musician and one of the Beatles, was shot and killed by Mark David
Chapman outside his New York City apartment building. Chapman was a
schizophrenic with the delusion that he himself was John. In 1984
Prof. Jonathan M. Wiener wrote a book on Lennon and later got the
FBI to surrender its secret files on Lennon.
(SFC, 9/25/97, p.A2)(AP, 12/8/97)
1982 Dec 8, A man demanding an
end to nuclear weapons held the Washington Monument hostage,
threatening to blow it up with explosives he claimed were inside a
van. After a 10-hour standoff, Norman D. Mayer was shot dead by
police; it turned out there were no explosives.
1982 Dec 8, Marty Robbins,
American singer, died. His songs included “El Paso" (1959), “Devil
Woman," and “My Woman, My Woman, My Wife" (1970). He was inducted
into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1975.
1983 Dec 8, US Att. Gen. Edwin
Meese said people go to soup kitchens "...because food is free and
that's easier than paying for it."
1984 Dec 8, Robert Matthews
(b.1953), co-founder for the neo-Nazi called The Order, was shot and
killed by FBI agents on Whiebey Island, Washington. His “Silent
Brotherhood" was a small extremist far right group that engaged in a
multistate crime wave in this period. The group was also associated
with the Aryan Nations Church. His life was fictionalized in the TV
movie “Brotherhood of Murder" (1999).
1986 Dec 8, House Democrats
selected majority leader Jim Wright to be the chamber's 48th
speaker, succeeding Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill.
1986 Dec 8, Sydney J. Harris
(b.1917), London-born American journalist and author, died. “Most
people are mirrors, reflecting the moods and emotions of the times;
few are windows, bringing light to bear on the dark corners where
troubles fester. The whole purpose of education is to turn mirrors
1987 Dec 8, President Reagan
and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed a treaty under which
the superpowers agreed to destroy their arsenals of
intermediate-range nuclear missiles.
1987 Dec 8, Kurt Schmoke became
the first African-American mayor of Maryland when he was elected the
mayor of Baltimore. He was a Rhodes scholar and Harvard Law School
graduate. He served 3 terms and decided to run for the Senate.
(SFC, 12/4/98, p.A12)(HN, 12/8/98)
1987 Dec 8-1987 Dec 9, The
first Palestinian intefadeh (Arabic for uprising) began as riots
broke out in Gaza and spread to the West Bank, triggering a strong
(AP 12/8/97)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A17)(AP, 12/9/07)
1988 Dec 8, Soviet President
Mikhail Gorbachev cut short his U.S. visit in order to return home
following a killer earthquake in Armenia.
1989 Dec 8, Communist leaders
in Czechoslovakia offered to surrender their control over the
government and accept a minority role in a coalition Cabinet.
1990 Dec 8, As former American
hostages began leaving Iraq and occupied Kuwait, President
Bush—wrapping up his South America tour in Caracas, Venezuela—said
the evacuation made for “one less worry I’ve got" in deciding
whether to go to war against Baghdad.
1990 Dec 8, In Albania Tirana
University students demonstrated in the streets and called for the
dictatorship to end. Ramiz Alia met with the students 4 days later;
a multiparty system was introduced; the Democratic Party, the first
opposition party was established; the regime authorized political
(www, Albania, 1998)(SFC, 12/18/00, p.E2)
1991 Dec 8, AIDS patient
Kimberly Bergalis, who had contracted the disease from her dentist,
died in Fort Pierce, Fla., at age 23.
1991 Dec 8, Russia, Byelorussia
and Ukraine declared the Soviet national government dead, forging a
new alliance to be known as the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Boris Yeltsin, Ukrainian Pres. Leonid Kravchuk, and Belarus Pres.
Stanislav Shuskevich met in a hunting lodge to proclaim the Soviet
Union null and void and to form a loose Commonwealth of Independent
States. The declaration later became known as the "Belavezha
(SFC, 9/9/98, p.A10)(AP,
1992 Dec 8, Americans got to
see live television coverage of US troops landing on the beaches of
Somalia as Operation Restore Hope began (because of the time
difference, it was early December ninth in Somalia).
1992 Dec 8, NBC announced that
"Cheers" would go off the air in May, 1993.
1982 Dec 8, Marty Robbins,
American singer, died. His songs included “El Paso" (1959), “Devil
Woman" (1962), and “My Woman, My Woman, My Wife" (1970). He was
inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1975.
1992 Dec 8, William Shawn (85),
US editor-in-chief (New Yorker, 1952-87), died.
1993 Dec 8, President Clinton
signed into U.S. law the North American Free Trade Agreement
(NAFTA), which went into effect at the start of 1994.
1993 Dec 8, In Algeria 30
people were killed at a religious rebellion.
1993 Dec 8, A French-flag
container ship, the Sherbro, bound for Nigeria from Rotterdam, lost
containers of the chemical Apron-Plus (by Ciba-Geigy). This chemical
was packed in sachets and purchased by the Nigerian state of Osun
with funds from the World Bank development fund. The chemical was
intended to be used to fight the ‘downy-mildew’ fungus that was
seriously afflicting the maize crop. Four days later the packets
began to wash up on the beaches of France in Normandy.
(WSJ 6/21/95, p.A-22)
1993 Dec 8, Carlotta Monti
(86), lover of WC Fields, died.
1994 Dec 8, In Los Angeles, 12
alternate jurors were chosen for the O.J. Simpson murder trial.
1994 Dec 8, Bosnian Serbs
released dozens of hostage peacekeepers, but continued to detain
about 300 others.
1994 Dec 8, Antonio Carlos
Jobim (b.1927), Brazil-born composer (Girl From Ipanema), died in
1995 Dec 8, In New York, an
arsonist killed seven workers and himself at a Harlem clothing store
that had been the target of a racially charged lease dispute.
1995 Dec 8, Four months after
the death of founder Jerry Garcia, The Grateful Dead announced it
was breaking up after 30 years of making music.
1995 Dec 8, There was an
accident at the Japanese Monju prototype fast-breeder nuclear
reactor in the Fukui Prefecture that forced closure. Two tons of
non-radioactive, but violently reactive liquid sodium leaked from
the cooling system. Japan had 51 nuclear power plants that produced
33.8% of its energy needs.
(WSJ, 12/27/95, p. A-7)(SFC, 3/13/97, p.A12)
1996 Dec 8, In the Central
African Republic the government and army mutineers agreed to a
15-day truce. The rebel ranks were dominated by the southern Bayas.
(SFC, 12/9/96, p.A22)
1996 Dec 8, In Ghana Rawlings
defeated John Kufuor and his Great Alliance Party in elections 57%
(WSJ, 12/12/96, p.A13)
1996 Dec 8, The Serbian Supreme
Court ruled against opposition parties who said Slobodan Milosevic
had robbed them of an election victory in Belgrade.
1996 Dec 8, In Zaire rebels
surrounded Bunia, the last government held town in eastern Zaire.
Government troops were looting and targeting Greek merchants and
members of the Nande ethnic group.
(SFC, 12/9/96, p.A18)
1997 Dec 8, LeAnn Rimes (15)
won the artist of the year award at the Billboard Music Awards in
(SFC, 12/10/97, p.E5)
1997 Dec 8, Federal hearings
opened in Baltimore into the TWA Flight 800 disaster that had
claimed 230 lives.
1997 Dec 8, The US HUD
established a new program with a hotline to help the nations
homeless estimated at 600,000 to 1 million people: 800-HUD-1010.
(SFC, 12/9/97, p.A3)
1997 Dec 8, The Inter-American
Commission on Human Rights reported that deaths in Rio, Brazil,
attributed to police links with the military, averaged 20 a month
(SFC, 12/9/97, p.A9)
1997 Dec 8, At the UN
conference on global warming in Kyoto, Japan, US Vice President Al
Gore signaled a willingness on the part of the US to compromise and
perhaps raise the amount of greenhouse gases it is willing to cut.
(SFC, 12/897, p.A1)
1997 Dec 8, In Indonesia a fire
gutted the top 3 floors of the central bank in Jakarta and at least
15 people were killed.
(SFC, 12/9/97, p.B3)
1997 Dec 8, In Iran leaders of
the 55-member Organization of the Islamic Conference gathered to
overcome historic divisions and promote Islamic solidarity.
(SFC, 12/9/97, p.B3)
1997 Dec 8, Iraq executed 4
Jordanians accused of smuggling $850 worth of auto parts. King
Hussein of Jordan called and appealed for clemency to no avail.
(SFC, 12/11/97, p.A18)
1997 Dec 8, In Malaysia the
Rupiah dropped 10% on rumors that Pres. Suharto had suffered a
(WSJ, 12/10/97, p.A16)
1997 Dec 8, Mexico agreed with
the European Union to negotiate a trade pact.
(SFC, 12/9/97, p.A13)
1997 Dec 8, In Somalia doctors
reported that 31 children had died of cholera in recent days and
that medicine was needed to prevent an epidemic.
(SFC, 12/9/97, p.B10)
1997 Dec 8, In a $25 billion
deal, Swiss Bank and Union Bank of Switzerland announced they would
merge, forming Europe's largest and world's second largest bank.
(SFC, 12/897, p.A16)(AP, 12/8/98)
1997 Dec 8, In Thailand the
government announced that it will liquidate 56 of 58 insolvent
finance companies shut down by the Central Bank earlier in the year.
The move was part of the conditions of the $17.2 billion IMF
(SFC, 12/897, p.A15)
1997 Dec 8, Leon Poliakov (87),
French-Jewish historian, died. His books included “Harvest of Hate,"
one of the best narratives of the Holocaust.
1998 Dec 8, The White House
opened its defense against the impeachment of Pres. Clinton. A
184-page defense, written by White House lawyers, held that
Clinton’s actions were “immoral" and “misleading" but did not amount
to impeachable offenses.
(WSJ, 12/8/98, p.A1)(SFC, 12/9/98, p.A1)
1998 Dec 8, The Supreme Court
ruled that police cannot search people and their cars after merely
ticketing them for routine traffic violations.
(SFC, 12/9/98, p.A8)(AP, 12/8/99)
1998 Dec 8, Paul Edward
Hindelang Jr. (51) agreed to forfeit to the US government $50
million that he had acquired dealing drugs in the 1970s. He had
helped pioneer the "mother ship" smuggling technique.
(WSJ, 6/2/99, p.A1)
1998 Dec 8, In the SF Bay Area
an electrician’s error in San Mateo caused a power outage along the
northern peninsula that lasted more than seven hours before
electricity was fully restored.
(SFC, 12/9/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/8/99)
1998 Dec 8, In Greeley, Colo.,
state transportation worker, Robert S. Helfer (50), killed one
person during a disciplinary hearing and wounded another. He was
killed by police while trying to escape.
(SFC, 12/9/98, p.A6)
1998 Dec 8, In Algeria 45
people were killed in Tadjena. Armed groups attacked three villages
in the area and killed a total of 81 people. Security forces dug up
46 bodies from a well at a farm in Meftah, 10 miles from central
(SFC, 12/10/98, p.A12)(SFC, 12/12/98, p.B1)
1998 Dec 8, In Chechnya the
severed heads of Darren Hickey, Rudolf Petschi, Stanley Shaw and
Peter Kennedy were found lines up along a highway outside of Grozny.
The mobile phone workers had been kidnapped Oct 3.
(SFC, 12/10/98, p.C8)
1998 Dec 8, In Estonia the
Parliament approved an amendment to its citizenship law that made it
easier for its Russian-speaking minority to become citizens. It
granted citizenship to some 6,500 children born in Estonia of
Russian parents following the 1991 independence.
(SFC, 12/9/98, p.B8)
1998 Dec 8, From Sierra Leone
it was reported that Chief Samuel Hinga Norman, the deputy minister
of defense, had founded a cult-based militia, the Kamajors, to help
fight the rebels.
(SFC, 12/8/98, p.A12,16)
1998 Dec 8, In Somalia at least
18 people were killed and 30 wounded in clashes between 2 rival
clans in Baidoa.
(SFC, 12/9/98, p.B8)
1999 Dec 8, US federal
investigators arrested 8 alleged terrorist who they plotted attacks
in Northern California and Nevada on public utilities, an abortion
clinic and a synagogue.
(SFC, 12/9/99, p.A3)
1999 Dec 8, In Washington DC
the FBI arrested Stanislav Borisovich Gusevm, a Russian diplomat,
for collecting information transmitted from a bug in the State
(SFC, 12/9/99, p.A3)
1999 Dec 8, A civil trial jury
in Memphis ruled that the 1968 killing of Rev. Martin Luther King
was a conspiracy. The jury concluded that Loyd Jowers, a former café
owner, had conspired with elements of the Memphis Police Dept., the
federal government and organized crime to kill King.
(SFC, 12/9/99, p.A1) (SFC, 12/10/99, p.A15)
1999 Dec 8, In Chechnya Russian
forces ousted rebels from Urus-Martan.
(SFC, 12/9/99, p.A16)
1999 Dec 9, In France a court
ruled that Seita, the maker of Gauloise and Gitane cigarettes, was
partly responsible for the death of a Richard Gourlain, a
(SFC, 12/9/99, p.C8)
1999 Dec 8, Israel and Syria
agreed to resume peace negotiations following a visit by Madeleine
Albright to Damascus.
(SFC, 12/9/99, p.A1)
1999 Dec 8, In Montenegro
Serbian troops occupied the main airport for one day. Montenegro had
planned to assume control of the airport Dec 9.
(SFC, 12/9/99, p.A18)(SFC, 12/10/99, p.D8)
1999 Dec 8, In Morocco a
shoddily constructed building collapsed in Fez and at least 47
people were killed.
(SFC, 12/11/99, p.C2)
1999 Dec 8, In Northern Ireland
Gerry Adams accused British spies of eavesdropping on secret
discussions with IRA commanders using hidden surveillance gear in
one of his party's cars.
(SFC, 12/9/99, p.C4)
1999 Dec 8, Russia and Belarus
signed a 3rd union agreement. It proposed combining currencies by
2005 and the introduction of a joint tax system in 2001.
(SFC, 12/9/99, p.C4)
1999 Dec 8, Sudan and Uganda
signed a peace agreement in a deal brokered by former Pres. Jimmy
(SFC, 12/9/99, p.C8)
2000 Dec 8, The Federal Energy
Regulatory Commission (FERC) lifted California’s $250 per
megawatt-hour price cap and prices skyrocketed. Enron Corp. issued
internal memorandums that its schemes to boost profits had nearly
caused the lights to go out in California.
(SSFC, 2/4/01, p.A18)(SFC, 5/10/02, p.A1)
2000 Dec 8, The Florida Supreme
Court ordered, four to three, an immediate hand count of about
45,000 disputed ballots and put Democrat Al Gore within 154 votes of
George W. Bush.
(SFC, 12/9/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/8/01)
2000 Dec 8, Richard Clarke, top
cyberspace official of the US National Security Council, warned that
several nations had already created information-warfare units for
disrupting computer networks.
(SFC, 12/9/00, p.A3)
2000 Dec 8, In Jerusalem and
the West Bank 7 Palestinians and 3 Israelis were killed in the
(SFC, 12/9/00, p.A16)
2000 Dec 8, In Russia the
pardons commission recommended to Pres. Putin that clemency be
granted to Edmond Pope.
(SFC, 12/9/00, p.A17)
2000 Dec 8, In Garaffa, Sudan,
Abbas al-Baqer Abbas opened fire at the al-Sunna al-Mohammediya
Mosque and killed 20 people. 40 others were wounded and police
killed Abbas, a member of the Takfir wal Hijra militant Islamic
(SFC, 12/9/00, p.A18)(SSFC, 12/10/00, p.A28)
2000 Dec 8, In Uganda the
victims with Ebola reached 400 including 160 dead.
(SFC, 12/9/00, p.A18)
2001 Dec 8, Nebraska
quarterback Eric Crouch was awarded the Heisman Trophy.
2001 Dec 8, The U.S. Capitol
was reopened to tourists after a two-month security shutdown.
2001 Dec 8, John Walker Lindh,
a Taliban soldier from Marin County, Ca., was held at Camp Rhino
near Kandahar as a battlefield detainee. He was captured a week
earlier following the prison revolt at Mazar-e-Sharif.
(SSFC, 12/9/01, p.A1)
2001 Dec 8, In Ireland the
bodies of 8 illegal immigrants, including 3 children, were found in
a shipping container in Wexford. 5 people were still alive.
(SSFC, 12/9/01, p.A16)
2001 Dec 8, Israeli police
arrested 3 teenagers for creating and spreading the “Goner" computer
(SSFC, 12/9/01, p.A18)
2001 Dec 8, Malaysian
authorities said they would expand a policy of caning illegal
immigrants to include 1st-time offenders.
(SSFC, 12/9/01, p.A18)
2002 Dec 8, Iraq's massive
dossier detailing its chemical, biological and nuclear programs
arrived in New York; the U.N. Security Council agreed to give full
copies to the United States and the four other permanent council
members — Britain, France, Russia and China.
2002 Dec 8, Directors of 18
American and European art museums signed a "Declaration on the
Importance and Value of Universal Museums."
(WSJ, 12/12/02, p.D10)
2002 Dec 8, Painter and
sculptor Keith Tyson, whose playful artwork is inspired by
scientific theories and often ponders the role of computers in the
modern world, won Britain's prestigious Turner Prize.
2002 Dec 8, Devi Sridhar (18)
of Coral Gables, Florida, was one of 32 recipients of the Rhodes
scholarship and the youngest ever US recipient.
(SFC, 12/13/02, p.J1)
2002 Dec 8, The Colombian air
force bombed a rebel camp and claimed about 40 guerrillas were
2002 Dec 8, Typhoon Pongsona
hit Guam with wind gusts of more than 180 mph. The U.S. territory
was declared a federal disaster area.
2002 Dec 8, In Karnataka,
India, Hannur Nagappa, a former state minister, was found dead. He
had been kidnapped Aug 25 by the bandit Koose Muniswamy Veerappan.
(SFC, 12/9/02, p.A7)
2002 Dec 8, Israeli soldiers
killed a Palestinian woman and wounded her 3 children at the Tel
Sultan refugee camp near the settlement of Rafiah Yam.
(SFC, 12/9/02, p.A12)
2002 Dec 8, In Nepal 5 people
were killed and more than 30 were injured when Maoist rebels blew up
a bus in east Nepal.
2002 Dec 8, In Serbia voters
chose between a moderate nationalist and two extreme right-wing
candidates to become president.
2003 Dec 8, Pres. Bush signed
into law the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and
Modernization Act (also called the Medicare Modernization Act or
MMA). It was the biggest expansion of Medicare since its creation in
1965. The $400 billion Medicare overhaul bill included a provision
to put away pre-tax money into interest bearing accounts to save for
(SFC, 12/9/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/16/03, p.D1)
2003 Dec 8, The Bush
administration joined European human rights officials in expressing
concern about the fairness of Russian parliamentary elections on
Sunday that delivered big victories to allies of Russian President
2003 Dec 8, Congress approved
legislation to stem the flood of unwanted junk e-mail known as
2003 Dec 8, US District Judge
James Ware ruled that US toxic cleanup law doesn't apply abroad. A
suit by Filipinos sought that the US government be required to
assess pollution near 2 former military bases.
(SFC, 12/12/03, p.A6)
2003 Dec 8, US Rep. Bill
Janklow, R-S.D., resigned after being convicted in the traffic death
of a motorcyclist, Randy Scott.
2003 Dec 8, In Abbeville, S.C.,
Arthur Bixby and his son Stephen (36) killed 2 police officers
during a 13-hour standoff. They refused to give up some of their
land for a highway.
(SFC, 12/10/03, p.A6)
2003 Dec 8, The US military
launched its largest postwar offensive against Taliban and al-Qaida
insurgents, sending 2,000 soldiers into a lawless swath of
Afghanistan to put down a wave of attacks.
2003 Dec 8, Cuban pianist Ruben
Gonzalez (84), who found new fame in the mid-1990s playing with
Compay Segundo's Buena Vista Social Club band, died in Havana.
2003 Dec 8, In Greece a special
tribunal convicted the mastermind, chief gunman and 13 other members
of the November 17 cell for killings and attacks spanning a
2003 Dec 8, Russian military
documents confirmed that dozens of rockets outfitted with dirty
bombs appeared to be missing from the military airport at Tiraspol,
the capital of Transdniestria.
(SFC, 12/9/03, p.A13)(Econ, 7/2/05, p.46)
2003 Dec 8, In Nigeria the
Commonwealth summit of 54-nations, representing nearly one-third of
the world's 6 billion people, ended with Western nations blaming
Zimbabwe for its own growing international isolation.
2003 Dec 8, Three tourists were
kidnapped in southeastern Iran while cycling from the historical
city of Bam to Zahedan. Drug smugglers demanded $6 million in
2004 Dec 8, The US Senate
approved an intelligence restructure bill. The legislation called
for a new director of national intelligence.
(SFC, 12/9/04, p.A3)
2004 Dec 8, Disgruntled U.S.
soldiers complained to Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld during a
question-and-answer session in Kuwait about long deployments and a
lack of armored vehicles and other equipment.
2004 Dec 8, Treasury Secretary
John Snow accepted President Bush's offer to remain in the Cabinet.
2004 Dec 8, In Columbus, Ohio,
Nathan Gale (25) charged on stage and opened fire on a heavy metal
band at a crowded bar, killing top heavy metal guitarist "Dimebag"
Darrell Abbott (38) and 3 others and wounding two before being
killed by police.
(AP, 12/9/04)(SFC, 12/10/04, p.A3)
2004 Dec 8, The 738-foot
freighter, Selendang Ayu, ran aground off Unalaska Island and began
leaking oil. 6 crew members were missing following an attempted
rescue in which a Coast Guard helicopter crashed. The ship carried
some 500,000 gallons of bunker oil and diesel fuel.
(SFC, 12/11/04, p.A3)
2004 Dec 8, Some 18,000 US
troops in Afghanistan began Operation Lightning Freedom, a new
offensive to hunt Taliban and al-Qaida militants through the
country's harsh winter.
2004 Dec 8, British and Irish
leaders published a detailed plan for reviving a Catholic-Protestant
administration in Northern Ireland.
2004 Dec 8, Lord Scarman (93),
English lawyer and judge, died. He investigated the 1981 Brixton
riots and provided a report with ground breaking recommendations.
(Econ, 1/1/05, p.68)
2004 Dec 8, China’s Premier Wen
Jiabao repeated that China will move gradually to a flexible
(WSJ, 12/9/04, p.A14)
2004 Dec 8, In Quito, Ecuador,
inmates in the largest prison took 180 visitors hostage to protest
what they called overcrowding, poor conditions and long sentences.
2004 Dec 8, In Cairo, Egypt,
several thousand Christians who packed a cathedral compound hurled
stones at riot police to protest a woman's alleged forced conversion
to Islam. At least 30 people were injured.
2004 Dec 8, The European Union
and China agreed to boost relations, but the EU made clear there can
be no early lifting of its 15-year-old arms embargo until Beijing
improves its human rights record.
2004 Dec 8, In Iraq gunmen
attacked the police headquarters in Samarra, killing an Iraqi
policemen and a child who was caught in the cross fire. Insurgents
detonated a car bomb in southern Baghdad, causing an unspecified
number of casualties. 18 young Iraqi Shiites, aged 14-20, were shot
and killed while seeking work at a U.S. base near Mosul. Their
bodies were discovered Jan 5. Dale Stoffel, an American arms dealer
and contractor, was killed along with Joe Wemple. Before Stoffel was
shot dead in Baghdad, he had told of corruption and payoffs to
senior military officers in the country’s reconstruction program.
Stoffel and Wemple were reported to have been working on a $40
million dollar project in Iraq for a military facility in Taji which
involved the arming of the 1st Iraqi Armored Brigade. Insurgents
from the Brigades of the Islamic Jihad claimed they were responsible
for the murder. However, the murders remain uninvestigated and
2004 Dec 8, Saif al-Islam
Gadhafi (30), son of leader Moammar Gadhafi, said Libya will soon
pass new laws that limit capital punishment to a small number of
crimes. Saif was currently enrolled in a doctoral program in
governance at the London School of Economics.
(SFC, 12/9/04, p.A3)(SSFC, 9/23/07, p.A22)
2004 Dec 8, Presidents and
high-ranking officials from 12 South American countries gathered at
the ancient Inca capital of Cuzco, Peru, to create a political and
economic bloc. They hoped to establish a 12-nation South American
Community of Nations.
(AP, 12/8/04)(Econ, 12/11/04, p.36)
2004 Dec 8, Russian authorities
slapped a back tax bill of almost 160 million dollars (121 million
euros) on the number two mobile phone operator Vimpelcom, in what is
widely seen as a government-linked campaign against the firm.
2004 Dec 8, Ukraine's
parliament adopted electoral and constitutional changes in a
compromise intended to defuse the nation's political crisis.
2005 Dec 8, The US Supreme
Court ruled that the government can seize part of a person’s monthly
Social Security benefit to pay off old student loans.
(SFC, 12/8/05, p.A5)
2005 Dec 8, US federal
prosecutors announced six arrests of eco-sabotage suspects following
a 9-year investigation in 4 arson cases in Oregon dating to 1998 and
2001 and a toppled power line in Bend, Oregon in 1999.
(SFC, 12/9/05, p.A6)
2005 Dec 8, The US government
reported that life expectancy in the US had risen to 77.6 years.
Obesity and hypertension plagued the 55-64 cohort.
(WSJ, 12/8/05, p.A1)
2005 Dec 8, Project Homeless
Connect, a one-day homeless aid fair that began in SF a year ago,
went national with attention given to some 6,000 homeless in 21 US
(SFC, 12/9/05, p.B3)
2005 Dec 8, In Chicago a
Southwest Airlines jet trying to land amid heavy snow plowed off a
runway at Midway airport and into a street, killing a 6-year-old boy
in a car.
2005 Dec 8, Firestone, a
multinational rubber manufacturing giant known for its automobile
tires, has come under fire from human rights and environmental
groups for its alleged use of child labor and slave-like working
conditions at a plantation in Liberia.
2005 Dec 8, The New England
Journal of Medicine reported that the bacterial infection
Clostridium difficile (D. diff) appeared to be spreading rapidly
around the country. Patients taking new heartburn drugs like
Prilosec, Prevacid, Pepcid and Zantac appeared to be more vulnerable
to the bug.
(SFC, 12/31/05, p.A14)
2005 Dec 8, Scientists said as
wetlands disappear and shorelines are degraded, the Great Lakes are
losing their ability to cope with environmental stress and ward off
a catastrophic breakdown.
2005 Dec 8, Scientists
published the complete DNA sequence for dogs based on a boxer named
Tasha. The gene count was estimated at 19,300, most of which
resemble human genes. A preliminary sequence was announced in 2003.
(SFC, 12/8/05, p.A4)(WSJ, 12/8/05, p.A1)
2005 Dec 8, The Int’l.
Committee of the Red Cross decided to recognize Israel’s new “Red
Crystal" medical emblem alongside the Red Cross and Red Crescent
(SFC, 12/8/05, p.A1)
2005 Dec 8, In Afghanistan the
election board certified Pres. Karzai’s 34 appointees for the upper
house of parliament. The 1st meeting of parliament was scheduled for
(SFC, 12/9/05, p.A17)
2005 Dec 8, NATO foreign
ministers approved plans to send up to 6,000 troops into southern
Afghanistan, a major expansion of the alliance's peacekeeping
mission into some of the most dangerous parts of the country.
2005 Dec 8, In the first visit
to Australia by a Turkish leader, PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan criticized
military solutions to the so-called "war on terror", saying the
US-led invasion of Iraq had transformed the country into a training
ground for extremists.
2005 Dec 8, In Netrokona,
Bangladesh, a suicide bomber on a bicycle rode into a crowd and
detonated his explosives, killing 7 other people and wounding
dozens. Police detained 8 suspects the next day.
2005 Dec 8, In Barbados leaders
of Caribbean nations held a summit to discuss health care
cooperation and cultural exchanges, but a major focus was on Cuba
and its thorny relationship with the United States.
2005 Dec 8, Britain's highest
court ruled that evidence obtained in other countries through
torture may not be used in British courts.
2005 Dec 8, After half a
century, London's red Routemaster buses rattled into retirement.
Thousands of fans said farewell to the hop-on, hop-off buses, this
last full day of regular service for the icon.
2005 Dec 8, Paul Wolfowitz,
head of the World Bank, issued a statement to Chad expressing
serious concerns about proposed changes to the use of petrodollars.
(SFC, 12/30/05, p.C2)
2005 Dec 8, China announced a
fifth human case of bird flu, a 31-year-old female farmer who fell
ill after contact with dead birds but has since recovered.
2005 Dec 8, Preliminary results
in Egypt's elections gave the leading opposition group, the Muslim
Brotherhood, a record 19% of the seats in parliament after a
four-week election that counted 11 fatalities.
(AP, 12/08/05)(Reuters, 12/08/05)
2005 Dec 8, An Ethiopian court
sentenced to death Major Melaku Tefera, one of Marxist dictator
Mengistu Haile Mariam's top soldiers, for genocide and abetting the
murder of 971 people during the country's 1977-78 "Red Terror"
2005 Dec 8, In Iraq a suicide
bomber who jumped on a bus after security checks had been completed
detonated an explosives belt among passengers heading to a Shiite
city, killing 32 people and wounding 44.
2005 Dec 8, An Iraqi insurgent
group said in an Internet posting that it killed a U.S. security
consultant it had taken hostage.
2005 Dec 8, In Iraq a US
soldier attached to a Marine unit died while on guard duty at a base
near the town of Fallujah.
2005 Dec 8, An Israeli
airstrike in the northern Gaza Strip killed two Palestinian
militants and a Palestinian stabbing attack killed an Israeli in the
West Bank in a new spasm of violence.
2005 Dec 8, It was reported
that a new Italian law required businesses, that offered Internet
access to the public, to ask clients for ID and to log the owner’s
name a document type.
(SFC, 12/8/05, p.C5)
2005 Dec 8, In Japan a typing
error caused Mizuho Securities Co. to lose at least 27 billion yen,
or $225 million, on a stock trade. The next day the government
rebuked the Tokyo Stock Exchange and Mizuho Securities, one of the
country's biggest brokerage firms.
2005 Dec 8, In northwestern
Pakistan an explosion ripped through two munitions shops in a bazaar
in a tribal town, killing at least 12 people and injuring more than
2005 Dec 8, In Saudi Arabia
leaders from more than 50 Muslim countries promised to fight
extremist ideology, saying they would reform textbooks, restrict
religious edicts and crack down on terror financing.
2005 Dec 8, Police in Singapore
said they have arrested 13 foreigners, including an American, in an
anti-drug operation, less than a week after an Australian was put to
death for a narcotics conviction.
2005 Dec 8, In South Korea
international activists kicked off a conference on human rights
abuses in North Korea by calling for the overthrow of Kim Jong Il's
regime and accusing Pyongyang of enslaving its people.
2005 Dec 8, In northern Syria 8
Muslim militants died in a battle with security forces at a
2005 Dec 8, Ukraine said it had
detected the highly pathogenic type of bird flu that is dangerous to
humans, the strain known as H5N1. The September outbreak was located
in several villages in the Crimean peninsula where about 2,500 birds
died within hours.
2005 Dec 8, An erupting volcano
on the remote South Pacific island of Vanuatu burst into spectacular
life shooting steam and toxic gases 9,845 feet into the sky.
2006 Dec 8, President George W.
Bush and visiting South African President Thabo Mbeki pressed for
urgent deployment of international peacekeepers in violence-torn
2006 Dec 8, The House ethics
committee concluded that Republican lawmakers and aides failed for a
decade to protect male pages from sexual overtures by former Rep.
Mark Foley, but that they broke no rules and should not be punished.
2006 Dec 8, In Chicago a man
carrying a cache of weapons into the Citigroup Center chained a law
firm's doors closed and fatally shot three people before a police
sniper killed him as he held a hostage at gunpoint. Authorities said
Joe Jackson (59) felt cheated over an invention.
(AP, 12/9/06)(AP, 12/10/06)
2006 Dec 8, McAfee, an Internet
security firm, reported that organized gangs have adopted
"KGB-style" tactics to hire high-flying computer students to commit
2006 Dec 8, Heelys, a company
that produced wheeled footwear, went public. Roger Adams (b.1954)
founded the company following an inspired idea in 1998.
(WSJ, 2/14/07, p.B11)
2006 Dec 8, Scientists said
that the forests of the American West are under siege from bark
beetles, miniscule but mighty foes that are ravaging the region's
leading trees in record numbers. Experts said the region has failed
in recent years to register the sustained periods of sub-zero
temperatures that once dealt a fatal blow to beetle populations.
2006 Dec 8, Laura Gainey, the
daughter of hockey great Bob Gainey, was washed overboard in the
North Atlantic during a storm while working on a sailing ship bound
for the Caribbean; she remains lost at sea.
2006 Dec 8, Thousands of
firefighters rushed to contain more than a dozen wildfires burning
across southern Australia amid fears that high temperatures and
gusty winds forecast this weekend could further stoke the blazes,
threatening farms and towns.
2006 Dec 8, The wife of
Alexander Kozulin, a Belarusian opposition leader imprisoned since
last spring's protests, said her husband has entered the 50th day of
a hunger strike and is in critical condition.
2006 Dec 8, PM Tony Blair
stoked a simmering debate over religious tolerance and cultural
assimilation, saying it was the duty of all immigrants to integrate
into British society.
2006 Dec 8, Government forces
in the Central African Republic, bolstered by French and African
support, recaptured the northeastern town of Sam Ouandja from rebels
2006 Dec 8, China launched its
Fengyun-2D weather satellite. Its priority mission was forecasting
weather for the 2008 Olympics.
(Econ, 12/16/06, p.42)
2006 Dec 8, Former San
Francisco Giants shortstop Jose Uribe was killed in a car crash in
his native Dominican Republic.
2006 Dec 8, The Commonwealth
Ministerial Action Group announced Fiji is to be immediately
suspended from the Commonwealth following a military coup there
earlier this week. The Commonwealth of Nations is a successor to the
British Empire and brings together some 53 nations, around a third
of the world's countries and a quarter of the world's population.
2006 Dec 8, In Finland
officials said alcohol is now the leading killer of Finnish adults,
with consumption reaching an all-time high last year.
2006 Dec 8, US-led coalition
forces killed 20 insurgents, including two women, in fighting and
airstrikes that targeted al-Qaida in Iraq militants northwest of
Baghdad. The final death toll in the US attack on the Sunni village
of al-Ishaqi in Salahuddin province stood at 8 children, 7 women and
4 men. Key Iraqi officials and others familiar with the flow of cash
were reported to have said that private Saudi citizens are giving
millions of dollars to Sunni insurgents in Iraq and much of the
money was used to buy weapons, including shoulder fired
anti-aircraft missiles. At least 47 Iraqis were killed or found
dead, including 25 who were struck in a mortar attack that night on
a poor Shiite neighborhood on the outskirts of Baghdad.
(AP, 12/8/06)(AP, 12/9/06)
2006 Dec 8, Israeli police
captured Benny Sela (35), an escaped serial rapist in northern
Israel, ending a two-week saga that caused nationwide panic.
2006 Dec 8, In Madagascar
police searched the property of former President Albert Zafy as part
of an ongoing investigation into the whereabouts of Gen.
Randrianafidisoa and opposition politician Pety Rakotoniaina.
2006 Dec 8, In Mexico more than
100 prisoners escaped from a state penitentiary a few miles from
Cancun's resort zone after hundreds of inmates overpowered guards
with knives and bats. Police quickly recaptured most of the men, but
there were still 17 at large. More than 250 federal police agents
surrounded the offices of the Oaxaca state police force and seized
its weapons to determine whether any were used in shootings during
six months of demonstrations in Oaxaca City. Assailants shot dead an
Indian activist in Mexico's conflict-ridden state of Oaxaca. The
bullet-ridden corpse of Raul Marcial Perez was found on a road near
the Mixtec Indian community of Agua Fria about 120 miles north of
(AP, 12/9/06)(AP, 12/10/06)
2006 Dec 8, A Nigerian court
ruled that Vice President Atiku Abubakar’s suspension from the
dominant political party was unconstitutional, potentially clearing
the way for him to run for president on the party's ticket in the
2006 Dec 8, The MAP news agency
said Qatar will invest 335 million dollars in tourist development
schemes in the northern Moroccan city of Tangiers.
2006 Dec 8, Palestinian PM
Ismail Haniyeh told thousands of Iranians that his Hamas-led
government will never recognize Israel and will continue to fight
for the "liberation of Jerusalem."
2006 Dec 8, In Moscow local
media said Andrei Lugovoy, a second Russian businessman who met
murdered ex-spy Alexander Litvinenko on the day he fell ill, is now
sick from radiation poisoning.
2006 Dec 8, Vojislav Seselj, a
Serb war crimes suspect, ended his nearly monthlong hunger strike
after UN Yugoslav tribunal judges allowed him to conduct his own
2006 Dec 8, Singapore awarded
its second casino resort contract to Genting International, whose
$3.38 billion proposal promises to lure family tourists with a
Universal Studios theme park and a huge outdoor marine park.
2006 Dec 8, Sheik Sharif Sheik
Ahmed, a top Islamic official, said that militiamen are fighting
Ethiopian troops in Dinsor, a southern Somalia town. He called on
Somalis to defeat "the enemies who have invaded our land."
2006 Dec 8, In Basel,
Switzerland, a 3.4 magnitude tremor was accidentally triggered by
engineers drilling deep into the Earth's crust to tap its inner
heat, in the world's search for new sources of energy.
2007 Dec 8, The US Justice
Department and CIA announced a joint inquiry into the spy agency's
destruction of videotapes of interrogations of two suspected
2007 Dec 8, The chief US
negotiator at the climate conference in Bali, Indonesia, said the US
will come up with its own plan to cut global-warming gases by
mid-2008 and won’t commit to mandatory caps.
(SSFC, 12/9/07, p.A17)
2007 Dec 8, Talk show host
Oprah Winfrey publicly endorsed Barack Obama for president during
appearances in Des Moines and Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
2007 Dec 8, Florida quarterback
Tim Tebow became the first sophomore to win the Heisman Trophy.
2007 Dec 8, Ann Lisa Nguyen
(35), a program manager in San Jose, Ca., went missing. Her body was
found Dec 19 at the Newby Island Landfill in Milpitas. Anthony Dale
Evans (45), a convicted felon who worked at the same gym that Nguyen
frequented, was later arrested on suspicion of murder.
(SFC, 12/20/07, p.B2)
2007 Dec 8, Worldwide
demonstrations began to draw attention to climate change and push
their governments to take stronger action to fight global warming.
2007 Dec 8, A NATO and Afghan
operation to retake Musa Qala, a Taliban-controlled town in southern
Afghanistan, left at least 12 Taliban fighters and two children
dead. A Nato soldier killed in a mine explosion during the
operation, which began Dec 7. Taliban militants armed with
rocket-propelled grenades and machine guns ambushed a district
chief's vehicle in western Farah province, killing him, his son,
nephew and three bodyguards.
(AP, 12/8/07)(AFP, 12/8/07)
2007 Dec 8, A suicide truck
bomber attacked a police station in Beiji, one of Iraq's major oil
hubs, killing at least seven people and injuring 13 in a
neighborhood home to many refinery workers and engineers. In
southeastern Kut a rocket landed on the home of a senior member of
the local Sadrist bloc of Shiite politicians, killing him, his wife
and their two children. Ten suspected militants were killed in a
gunfight and airstrike outside Youssifiyah. In a raid outside Jalula
US forces moving against a suspected al-Qaida in Iraq member killed
one suspect and discovered an ammunition cache. Two other raids in
Mosul and Samarra left one suspected militant dead and 11 detained.
2007 Dec 8-2007 Dec 11, US
soldiers carrying out operations in volatile Diyala province north
of Baghdad found graves containing 26 bodies next to what they
called a torture center where chains were attached to
blood-spattered walls and a metal bed frame was still connected to
an electrical shock system. Soldiers found a total of nine caches
containing a surface-to-air missile launcher, sniper rifles, 130
pounds of homemade explosives and numerous mortar tubes and rounds,
among other weapons.
2007 Dec 8, In Naseerabad,
Pakistan, gunmen killed three people in an attack on a party office
of opposition leader Benazir Bhutto, the first reported deaths
apparently linked to the current election campaign. Pakistan's army
claimed it has cleared almost all militants from embattled
northwestern Swat valley after killing 290 rebels and arresting
another 143 in recent weeks.
(AP, 12/8/07)(AFP, 12/8/07)
2007 Dec 8, South Korea's
worst-ever oil spill reached the country's southwest coastline,
polluting beaches with pungent sludge and threatening valuable sea
2007 Dec 8, In Spain 53 African
and 27 European countries began a summit to bury old colonial
relationships in favor of something more modern. German Chancellor
Angela Merkel challenged European and African leaders to confront
human rights abuses in Zimbabwe, putting the country's president
Robert Mugabe in the spotlight at an EU-Africa summit.
(Econ, 12/8/07, p.54)(AP, 12/8/07)
2007 Dec 8, Soldiers and Tamil
Tiger rebels exchanged mortar and gunfire in northern Sri Lanka,
leaving 16 rebels dead.
2007 Dec 8, Taiwanese director
Ang Lee's erotic spy thriller "Lust, Caution" swept the top honors
at the Golden Horse Film Awards, seen as the Chinese-language
2007 Dec 8, An overcrowded boat
carrying at least some 85 illegal migrants sank off Turkey's Aegean
coast and at least 43 died. The migrants were mostly Palestinians,
Somalis and Iraqis.
2007 Dec 8, Venezuela’s Pres.
Hugo Chavez promised to supply the oil needs of Belarus for years to
come and dismissed Western accusations that Pres. Alexander
Lukashenko is a dictator. Chavez presented Lukashenko with a medal,
and they signed an agreement pledging military cooperation.
2008 Dec 8, Khalid Sheikh
Mohammed and 4 co-defendants, charged with plotting the Sept. 11
attacks, told a military judge that they want to immediately confess
at their war-crimes tribunal at Guantanamo Bay.
(AP, 12/8/08)(WSJ, 12/9/08, p.A1)
2008 Dec 8, Marc Dreier (58),
owner of a prominent NYC law firm, was indicted with criminal
charges and civil complaints alleging he defrauded investors of some
$115 million by selling them phony financial instruments. On Dec 23
federal prosecutors charged Kosta Kovachev (57), a former
stockbroker, for his role in Dreier’s 2006 Ponzi scheme. In 2009 the
indictment was amended and estimated the alleged fraud at about $700
(WSJ, 12/9/08, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/24/08, p.A3)(WSJ,
2008 Dec 8, In San Diego The
F/A-18D Hornet crashed into a street about two miles from Marine
Corps Air Station Miramar as the pilot was returning from a training
flight. 4 people, a mother, 2 children and a grandmother, were
killed in one house. Two homes were destroyed.
(AP, 12/9/08)(WSJ, 12/9/08, p.A1)(SFC, 12/10/08,
2008 Dec 8, The Chicago-based
Tribune Co. filed for bankruptcy as it struggled with $13 billion in
debt and a drop-off in advertising.
(SFC, 12/9/08, p.D2)
2008 Dec 8, Dow Chemical Co.
said it will slash 5,000 full-time jobs, about 11 percent of its
total work force, close 20 plants and sell several businesses to
rein in costs amid the economic recession.
2008 Dec 8, Robert Prosky (77),
American theater, film and TV actor, died.
(SFC, 12/12/08, p.B9)
2008 Dec 8, In Brazil Police
chief Paulo Fernando Fortunato reported that 13 gay men were killed
in a park in suburban Sao Paulo between February 2007 and August
2008 Dec 8, British car parts
maker Wagon PLC said it planned to file for a form of bankruptcy
protection after a global slump in demand for cars crippled its
2008 Dec 8, British and French
leaders met with European business executives to discuss plans for
major government spending on infrastructure and energy projects
aimed at helping Europe to beat the downturn.
2008 Dec 8, Quebec's ruling
Liberals strengthened their grip on power in a provincial election,
winning a parliamentary majority and defeating separatists who want
independence for the predominantly French-speaking Canadian
2008 Dec 8, In China Liu Xiaobo
(53), a dissident, was detained hours before releasing Charter 08,
the China democracy movement's most comprehensive call yet for
peaceful reform. Liu had cut short a visiting scholar stint at
Columbia University to join the Tiananmen Square protests in Beijing
in 1989. He and three other older activists famously persuaded
students to peacefully leave the square hours before the deadly June
2008 Dec 8, Congolese rebels
opened peace negotiations with a government delegation in Nairobi in
their first direct talks on ending the conflict in eastern
Democratic Republic of Congo.
2008 Dec 8, The EU formally
launches its anti-piracy task mission off the Somali coast,
preparing to take over from the NATO flotilla guarding one of the
world's most important shipping lanes.
2008 Dec 8, The EU joined calls
for President Robert Mugabe to step down after 28 years ruling
Zimbabwe, where spreading cholera and food shortages have worsened a
desperate humanitarian crisis.
2008 Dec 8, French police
arrested the suspected military chief and "No. 1 member" of ETA, a
new blow to the banned Basque militant group just weeks after his
alleged predecessor was caught.
2008 Dec 8, The National Bank
of Hungary cut its key interest rate by half a percentage point to
an annual rate of 10.5% due to the deteriorating economy outlook.
(WSJ, 12/9/08, p.C2)
2008 Dec 8, The US military
captured four suspected members of a Shiite militant group in Iraq
allegedly trained and funded by Iran.
2008 Dec 8, Victor Hugo Moneda,
a senior Mexico City police commander, was slain in a drive-by
shooting outside his home. He had overseen raids in the capital's
gang-filled Tepito neighborhood.
2008 Dec 8, In Pakistan armed
militants launched a second raid in as many days on NATO depots,
torching nearly 100 more vehicles destined for the alliance's forces
2008 Dec 8, In the Philippines
suspected extortionists armed with automatic rifles and
rocket-propelled grenades attacked two cargo ships docked at a
southern port, wounding two crew members.
2008 Dec 8, In northern Vietnam
a blast at a coal mine killed at least seven workers and injured 15.
2009 Dec 8, President Barack
Obama outlined new multibillion-dollar stimulus and jobs proposals,
saying the nation must continue to "spend our way out of this
recession" until more Americans are back at work.
2009 Dec 8, The US government
announced that it intends to pay $3.4 billion to settle claims that
it has mismanaged the revenue in American Indian trust funds. The
tentative settlement would resolve a 13-year-old lawsuit over
hundreds of thousands of land trust accounts that date to the 19th
(SFC, 12/9/09, p.A6)
2009 Dec 8, Ratings agency
Moody's warned of a "fiscal crisis" lasting "several years" in
Britain, France, Germany and the United States, but saw no immediate
threat to their top AAA credit assessments.
2009 Dec 8, Ohio executed
Kenneth Biros (51) by performing the nation's first lethal injection
using a single drug, sodium thiopental, a supposedly less painful
method than previous executions that required 3 drugs. Biros killed
Tami Engstrom (22) in 1991 after offering her a ride home from a
bar. He then scattered her body parts in Ohio and Pennsylvania.
(AP, 12/8/09)(SFC, 12/9/09, p.A10)
2009 Dec 8, CBS canceled "As
the World Turns," putting the company that coined the phrase "soap
operas" out of the business of making daytime dramas for the first
time in 76 years.
2009 Dec 8, The Afghan
government said NATO forces killed six civilians during a pre-dawn
operation in eastern Afghanistan. NATO disputed the allegation,
saying only militants died.
2009 Dec 8, Human Rights Watch
issued a report saying police in Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo have
killed more than 11,000 people in the past six years, many
2009 Dec 8, Brazil's largest
city of Sao Paulo was been hit by severe floods for the second time
in less than a week. Local media reported that six people have died
in mudslides caused by heavy rain.
2009 Dec 8, In Cambodia
Siwaraks Chothipong (31), a Thai employee of the Cambodia Air
Traffic Service, was ordered to serve seven years in prison for
spying on Thailand's former prime minister while he was in Cambodia
as a guest of the government. Chothipong was accused of stealing
Thaksin's flight schedule before his Nov. 10 arrival and sending it
to the Thai Embassy in Phnom Penh. The case threatened to
worsen a diplomatic feud between the two neighbors. On Dec 11
Cambodia's king pardoned Chothipong.
(AP, 12/8/09)(AP, 12/11/09)
2009 Dec 8, China executed Yang
Yanming, a former securities trader, for embezzlement. He became the
first person in the industry to be put to death, but millions of
yuan remained missing. He was the general manager of the Beijing
securities trading department of the China Great Wall Trust and
Investment Corp., which became Galaxy Securities, from 1997 to 2003.
2009 Dec 8, The Committee to
Protect Journalists (CPJ), a New York based media rights watchdog,
said that Eritrea tops the list of African countries that jail
journalists for their work.
2009 Dec 8, EU nations agreed
that Jerusalem should be the capital of both Israel and a future
Palestinian state, assuaging Israeli anger over earlier mention of
east Jerusalem as the Palestinian capital. An earlier proposal by
the Swedish EU presidency, to explicitly support the idea of east
Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state, was dropped
by the foreign ministers.
2009 Dec 8, Honduras'
president-elect Porfirio Lobo said he wants amnesty for ousted Pres.
Manuel Zelaya and for all of those involved in the June 28 coup that
deposed him. 2 gunmen riding motorcycles shot and killed retired
Gen. Julian Aristides Gonzalez, the country's top anti-drug
2009 Dec 8, In Iraq a series of
coordinated attacks struck Baghdad, including two suicide car
bombers and another vehicle that blew up near government sites. At
least 127 were killed and over 500 hundred wounded in the worst wave
of violence in the capital in more than a month.
(AP, 12/8/09)(AP, 12/9/09)
2009 Dec 8, In Iran
pro-government militiamen assaulted university students
demonstrating for a second straight day and hard-liners on
motorcycles harassed the top opposition leader at his office
Tuesday, signs of a possible intensified crackdown after the biggest
anti-government demonstrations in months.
2009 Dec 8, Amnesty
International released a report that said Mexican soldiers have
carried out torture and forced disappearances while fighting drug
cartels. A student's body was found in a truck at an intersection in
Ciudad Juarez. He was the second student from the Autonomous
University of Chihuahua to be killed since Dec 5.
(AP, 12/9/09)(AP, 12/9/09)
2009 Dec 8, In central Pakistan
a team of militants launched a gun, rocket and suicide attack on an
intelligence office in Multan, killing 12 people in a strike that
showed the insurgents can hit deep in the heart of the country.
2009 Dec 8, The Palestinians
announced a boycott of Israeli products made in the West Bank,
stepping up their campaign against Israeli settlements.
2009 Dec 8, Russia's highest
court upheld a ruling halting the activities of a regional branch of
Jehovah's Witnesses and banning dozens of its publications in what
the group deplored as an unfair move.
2009 Dec 8, Somali pirates
hijacked the MV Shahbaig, a Pakistan-flagged fishing vessel with 28
crew members aboard.
2009 Dec 8, Swedish telecom
giant Ericsson said it would cut 946 jobs in Sweden in an effort to
downsize its production staff as it strives to improve efficiency.
2009 Dec 8, The UN weather
agency reported that this decade is on track to become the warmest
since records began in 1850, and 2009 could rank among the top-five
warmest years, on the second day of a pivotal 192-nation climate
2009 Dec 8, In Venezuela a
group of college students ended a hunger strike after 17 days
following a meeting with Organization of American States
representatives to air their concerns about human rights. A dozen
students started the protest Nov. 21 outside the OAS office in
Caracas, aiming to press the body to look into their complaints,
including allegations that President Hugo Chavez's government abuses
the legal system to persecute opponents. Jesus Ramirez Bello (20), a
student, was shot and killed during a protest in the southwestern
city of San Cristobal, Tachira state. 2 suspects were later detained
in the killing.
(AP, 12/9/09)(AP, 12/11/09)
2010 Dec 8, Pres. Obama signed
legislation to pay American Indians and black farmers some $4.6
billion for government mistreatment over many decades. The
legislation settled 4 long-standing Native American water rights in
Arizona, New Mexico and Montana.
(SFC, 12/9/10, p.A18)
2010 Dec 8, The Middle East
peace process lay in tatters after Washington admitted defeat in its
efforts to secure an Israeli freeze on settlement building, the
Palestinians' condition for resuming talks.
2010 Dec 8, US State Department
spokesman Philip Crowley said the self-determination referendum on
Sudan's oil-rich Abyei region will not take place as planned on
2010 Dec 8, The US Senate voted
to convict Louisiana district court Judge Thomas Porteous on charges
of corruption and perjury. The Senate acted for the 8th time in
American history to remove a federal judge through the impeachment
(SFC, 12/9/10, p.A20)
2010 Dec 8, The US Business
Roundtable published “Roadmap for Growth," a 26-page manifesto on
what the nation’s biggest multinational companies want from
government before they start hiring again.
2010 Dec 8, In Maryland federal
authorities arrested Antonio Martinez (21) for attempting to blow up
a military recruitment center in Catonsville, with what he thought
was a vehicle bomb.
(SFC, 12/9/10, p.A22)
2010 Dec 8, The Giving Pledge
campaign, launched by Microsoft founder Gates and investor Buffett
in June, announced 17 new pledges bringing the total to 57
billionaires pledging to give away at least half their fortunes.
2010 Dec 8, Cyber attacks
apparently organized by Internet activists sympathetic to WikiLeaks
founder Julian Assange shut down the website of credit card company
Mastercard and two Swedish sites. WikiLeaks published a new set of
cables, and in a defiant message posted online the secret-spilling
website promised that the leaks would keep on flowing despite the
arrest and jailing of its founder on sex allegations.
(Reuters, 12/8/10)(AP, 12/8/10)
2010 Dec 8, US scientists
published a study of stem cell technology used to create mice from
two fathers, an advance that they say could help preserve endangered
species and even help same-sex couples have their own genetic
children one day.
2010 Dec 8, Space Explorations
Technologies, aka SpaceX, successfully launched its Falcon 9 test
rocket from Cape Canaveral. Its Dragon capsule was retrieved in the
Pacific ocean 3 hours later after it had circled the globe 2 times.
(SFC, 12/9/10, p.A18)
2010 Dec 8, In Afghanistan a
Taliban leader and three of his family members were killed in a
coalition airstrike on their car, which was traveling in Nad Ali
2010 Dec 8, Australia's Foreign
Minister Kevin Rudd said that the US government is responsible for
the leaking of hundreds of thousands of classified diplomatic memos
and cautioned against blaming the website that published the secret
cables and its founder.
2010 Dec 8, In eastern
Bangladesh a speeding train slammed into another moving slowly
through a station, killing as many as 19 people and injuring scores
2010 Dec 8, Brazilian mining
giant Vale made its Hong Kong trading debut, the first South
American firm to list in the city, as the company ramps up its
exposure to resource-hungry China.
2010 Dec 8, In Chile a fire set
off by rioting inmates in a severely overcrowded prison killed at
least 81 prisoners and seriously injured at least 14 others at the
San Miguel prison south of Santiago. In March, 2011, a Chilean court
ordered three prison guards held on negligent homicide charges for
the deaths of 66 of the 81 inmates. 5 senior officers were charged
with manslaughter and ordered to remain in the country.
(AP, 12/8/10)(AFP, 3/28/11)
2010 Dec 8, The EU competition
watchdog fined 5 Taiwanese and South Korean electronics companies
euro649 million ($857 million) for fixing prices on LCD panels
between 2001 and 2006. Samsung Electronics Co., also participated in
the price fixing but escaped a fine because it blew the whistle on
2010 Dec 8, A French court put
14 former Chilean officials on trial in absentia over the 1973-1975
disappearance of four French citizens under the regime of Chilean
dictator Augusto Pinochet.
2010 Dec 8, In France heavy
snowfall forced the closure of Paris' Charles de Gaulle airport and
shut down the Paris bus system.
2010 Dec 8, German prosecutors
filed war crimes charges against two Rwandan men suspected of
issuing orders to a mostly ethnic Hutu militia involved in killings
of Congolese civilians. Ignace Murwanashyaka (47) and Straton Musoni
(49) were charged with crimes against humanity, war crimes and
membership in a foreign terrorist group. Murwanashyaka allegedly
served as FDLR's president from 2001 and Musoni served as vice
president from 2004, and the pair controlled the militia group from
2010 Dec 8, In Haiti Michel
"Sweet Micky" Martelly urged his backers to nonviolently protest
results from Nov 28 presidential elections that demonstrators say
were rigged. His campaign manager later said they would formally
challenge the tallies released the previous evening to Haiti's
Provisional Electoral Council. Thousands of protesters rampaged in
Haitian towns, torching buildings in armed clashes that left four
dead after election results triggered bitter accusations of
(AP, 12/9/10)(AFP, 12/9/10)
2010 Dec 8, In Iraq a car bomb
outside a restaurant killed 3 people in Taji. Scattered bombings and
gunfire left a total of 5 people dead and 24 wounded. A roadside
bomb in Baghdad wounded 7 Iranian pilgrims on a bus traveling to a
Shiite religious festival. In southern Iraq a US soldier was killed
(AP, 12/8/10)(AP, 12/9/10)(SFC, 12/9/10, p.A2)
2010 Dec 8, Israel decided to
allow increased exports from the Gaza Strip, further easing its
blockade of the territory run by the militant Palestinian Hamas
2010 Dec 8, A top Israeli
official said his government is holding talks with Turkey aimed at
mending relations, seven months after a deadly Israeli raid on a
Gaza-bound flotilla sent ties into a chill.
2010 Dec 8, The top UN envoy in
Ivory Coast said that opposition candidate Alassane Ouattara had won
the disputed presidential election by an "irrefutable margin" as the
international community stepped up pressure on the incumbent to
2010 Dec 8, Japan’s space
agency said its “Akatsuki" space probe has hurtled past Venus after
failing to enter the planet's orbit as planned, but it voiced hope
for a successful rendezvous six years from now.
2010 Dec 8, Mexican federal
police investigating a tip about the presence of armed men in
Apatzingan in Michoacan state came under fire from La Familia
gunmen. Gunmen fired on civilian cars and used the sometimes-burning
vehicles as barricades in Apatzingan. An 8-month-old baby, riding in
a taxi with his mother, was killed as was the teenage daughter of a
former city mayor, and a local police officer.
(AP, 12/10/10)(SFC, 12/10/10, p.A12)
2010 Dec 8, In Mexico a federal
police helicopter that had transported two inmates to a Mexican
prison crashed in Veracruz state, killing four people and injuring
2010 Dec 8, A Mozambican judge
sentenced two former government officials to 12 years in prison for
stealing 3.6 million meticais ($103,000) from the government. The
court ordered the government data center's former director Orlando
Come and former head of administration and finance Manuel Vilanculos
to repay the stolen money.
2010 Dec 8, In Pakistan a
teenage suicide bomber killed 15 people at a busy market in Kohat,
in the northwestern province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This was the
third attack in three days blamed on Islamist extremists bitterly
opposed to the US-allied government. The Taliban kidnapped 7
teachers and the watchman of a government school travelling near
Orakzai. 5 teachers were recovered in a shootout that left one
(AFP, 12/8/10)(SFC, 12/9/10, p.A2)
2010 Dec 8, In Panama historic
flooding forced the closure of the Panama Canal for the first time
in 21 years.
(SFC, 12/9/10, p.A2)
2010 Dec 8, In the Philippines
Pres. Benigno Aquino III lashed out at a Supreme Court decision
rejecting an investigative body he created to look into alleged
corruption during his predecessor's administration, vowing his
anti-graft battle would not be deterred by the setback.
2010 Dec 8, In Russia drug
control agencies from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Russia and Tajikistan
agreed to step up cooperation to stop the flow of drugs through
2010 Dec 8, Serbia's decision
to boycott the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony honoring imprisoned
Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo triggered criticism from human rights
activists and the EU, which expressed shock that the candidate for
EU entry would meet China's demands. Serbia feared its attendance
could anger China, which has supported Belgrade in opposing the 2008
independence declaration of its former province of Kosovo.
2010 Dec 8, South African
President Jacob Zuma announced a 210 million rand ($30 million)
credit package for Cuba and forgave Cuba's debt to South Africa
during a state visit to the island nation, a decision his opponents
2011 Dec 8, In Washington DC
former MF Global CEO Jon Corzine testified before the House
Agricultural Committee about the bankruptcy of MF Global, which
followed disastrous bets on European debt. Corzine said he did not
know what happened to an estimated $1.2 billion that went missing
and blamed his predecessors for the company’s precarious finances.
(SFC, 12/9/11, p.A17)
2011 Dec 8, The Washington Post
reported that the US Air Force dumped the cremated, partial remains
of at least 274 troops in a landfill before halting the secretive
practice in 2008.
2011 Dec 8, The US
Environmental Protection Agency announced for the first time that
fracking, a controversial method of improving the productivity of
oil and gas wells, may be to blame for causing groundwater
pollution. The EPA found that compounds likely associated with
fracking chemicals had been detected in the groundwater beneath
Pavillion, a small community in central Wyoming where residents say
their well water reeks of chemicals.
2011 Dec 8, The US Agency for
Toxic Substances and Disease Registry accepted local claims that
there is a higher incidence of cancer and other health ills on
Vieques island compared with neighboring Puerto Rico, but said there
is no proof the problem is linked to US military activity. The
bombing range closed in 2003 following years of protests about
environmental risks and the 1999 killing of a Puerto Rican civilian
guard by an errant bomb.
2011 Dec 8, Researchers at the
Univ. of Chicago reported experiments demonstrating that a rat would
free a fellow rat trapped in a restrictive cage even without a
payoff, indicating empathy and selfless behavior.
(SFC, 12/9/11, p.A16)
2011 Dec 8, In Virginia Ross
Truett Ashley (22) shot and killed police officer Derrick Crouse on
Virginia Tech's campus during a routine traffic stop, putting the
campus on lockdown for several hours. Ashley, who then took his own
life, used a legally purchased handgun in the shooting.
(AP, 12/8/11)(SFC, 12/14/11, p.A8)
2011 Dec 8, In Argentina Ali
Miguel (80), his wife, Sara Garcia (83), their daughter Monica
Miguel (49) and Miguel's son (10) were found dead with multiple stab
wounds in their house in Mendoza province. A 13-year-old neighbor
claimed he killed the 10-year-old in self-defense because the
younger boy attacked him after killing his own mother and
grandparents. Authorities said the adolescent may have killed the
2011 Dec 8, Britain’s Defense
Secretary Philip Hammond announced that women will be allowed to
serve on British navy submarines, with female officers taking up
roles from late 2013.
2011 Dec 8, British ministers
ordered an urgent inquiry into England's exam system, after
undercover reporters recorded examiners advising teachers on what
questions were likely to come up.
2011 Dec 8, In the Dominican
Rep. hundreds of people protested in front of the Supreme Court
against what they say is a government practice of confiscating or
annulling birth certificates for residents of Haitian descent.
2011 Dec 8, Egypt's biggest
political group the Muslim Brotherhood clashed with the country's
army leaders on Thursday, accusing them of trying to "marginalize"
parliament over the writing of a new constitution.
2011 Dec 8, In El Salvador
Hector Silva (64), a Boston-born Salvadoran physician, died of a
heart attack. He had helped the Central American nation
recover from its 12-year civil war. In 1997 he became the first
leftist mayor of the capital following the civil war, earning a
reputation for moderation during six years in office.
2011 Dec 8, The European
Central Bank (ECB) lowered its benchmark rate from 1.25 to 1
percent, the second quarter point cut in as many months.
(Econ, 12/17/11, p.127)
2011 Dec 8, A German man (27)
was arrested by a police special-ops team in the western city of
Bochum on charges he was part of an al-Qaida bomb plot in Europe.
Suspect Halil S. is accused of being part of the so-called
"Duesseldorf Cell." The group was allegedly plotting the bombing
before its three main members were swept up by police in April.
Another suspect, identified only as Florian M., was arrested in Kiel
on charges of involvement with Halil S.'s criminal activities.
2011 Dec 8, German authorities
said a letter bomb has been intercepted by Deutsche Bank employees
intended to chief executive Josef Ackerman. They it was apparently
sent by an Italian anarchist organization.
(SFC, 12/9/11, p.A4)
2011 Dec 8, The Honduran
Congress passed bills allowing authorities to wiretap the telephone
conversations, emails and bank accounts of suspected criminals and
banning motorcycles from carrying passengers for 6 months. The bills
were aimed at stemming a wave of drug violence. President Porfirio
Lobo was expected to sign both bills.
2011 Dec 8, An Israeli strike
killed 2 Gaza militants. Israel said one of them, Issam al-Batsh,
had planned a deadly bombing in Eilat in 2007. The Israeli military
said the two men had also been planning another attack on southern
Israel by infiltrating from the Sinai peninsula.
2011 Dec 8, Ivory Coast
officials said 5 people have died since the start of the campaign
for legislative elections, warning against a repeat of the poll that
tore the country apart last year.
2011 Dec 8, The World Bank said
high food and fuel prices, the Horn of Africa drought and the euro
crisis will dampen Kenya's economic growth in 2011, and possibly
2011 Dec 8, Liberia and Senegal
pledged to reform their laws so that women can confer citizenship on
their children. They were among at least 30 countries that let only
fathers pass their citizenship to children from marriages with a
2011 Dec 8, In Mali 4 people
were arrested over the Nov 24 kidnapping of two French citizens. The
suspects were reportedly "subcontracted" to an al-Qaida group and
appear to be Malian.
(AP, 12/12/11)(AFP, 12/12/11)
2011 Dec 8, Mexican authorities
say they have seized 226 tons (205 metric tons) of a chemical used
in synthetic drugs. The methylamine was found over several days this
month in the port of Lazaro Cardenas in 11 containers shipped from
2011 Dec 8, NATO informed Iraq
that it will withdraw its training mission at year-end after Baghdad
refused to grant it legal immunity, mirroring the nearly-complete
pullout of US forces.
2011 Dec 8, In Pakistan
assailants torched more than 20 tankers carrying fuel for US and
NATO troops in neighboring Afghanistan, in the first reported attack
since Islamabad closed the border to protest coalition airstrikes
that killed 24 Pakistani troops last month.
2011 Dec 8, In Somalia planes
bombed bases belonging to al-Qaida-linked al-Shabab militants in the
southern town of Bardhere, killing at least 1 person.
2011 Dec 8, Syrian activists
launched a campaign of civil disobedience to pile pressure on
President Bashar al-Assad, after he drew a stinging rebuke from the
US for denying he ordered a deadly crackdown. A major Syrian
pipeline carrying oil to a refinery in the restive Homs province was
blown up. Security forces reportedly killed up to 14 people, most of
them in Homs.
(AFP, 12/8/11)(AP, 12/8/11)(SFC, 12/9/11, p.A6)
2011 Dec 8, In Thailand Joe
Gordon, an American who translated a banned biography of Thailand's
king and posted the content online while living in Colorado, was
sentenced to two and a half years in a Thai prison for defaming the
country's royal family. On July 10, 2012, Gordon (55) was granted a
(AP, 12/8/11)(AFP, 7/11/12)
2011 Dec 8, Togo authorities
temporarily shut down the country's two public universities after
security forces fired teargas to break up student protests over a
new financial aid policy. The government last month introduced a new
policy awarding payouts only to brilliant students instead of all
scholars as was in the past.
2011 Dec 8, Kiev's
Shevchenkivsky Court ordered former PM Ukraine Yulia Tymoshenko
arrested as part of a probe into the activity of an energy company
she headed 15 years ago.
2011 Dec 8, The UN's World Food
Program said meager rains and diminished harvests have left between
five and seven million people in Africa's Sahel region facing food
shortages. The countries of Niger, Mauritania, Mali and Chad were
2011 Dec 8, Yemeni tribesmen
killed two suspected Al-Qaeda militants as they tried to infiltrate
Mudi in southern Abyan province.
2012 Dec 8, In Porterville,
Ca., Hector Celaya (31), a member of the Tule River Indian
Reservation, went on a shooting rampage that left a daughter, his
mother and her two brothers dead. The suspect died of a
self-inflicted gunshot in a shootout with police.
(AP, 12/10/12)(SFC, 12/28/12, p.D5)
2012 Dec 8, Dallas Cowboys
defensive tackle Josh Brent was arrested for drunk driving and
charged with manslaughter after a car he was driving crashed and
killed teammate Jerry Brown Jr, in the second tragedy involving NFL
players in a week.
2012 Dec 8, Afghan President
Hamid Karzai said that the Dec 6 assassination attempt on the
country's intelligence chief was planned in Pakistan, but vowed it
would not stop him from seeking Islamabad's help in coaxing
militants to the negotiating table.
2012 Dec 8, In Ghana about 413
polling stations reopened for an unexpected second day of voting
after there were technical breakdowns on the first day of voting.
2012 Dec 8, Itallian media
mogul Silvio Berlusconi confirmed that he's running to be premier
again for a fourth term.
2012 Dec 8, An official with
the rebel Free Syrian Army said commanders from all over the country
have elected a new Supreme Military Council and named Brig. Gen.
Salim Idriss as the group's chief of staff.
2012 Dec 8, Eight Yemeni
soldiers, including a senior officer, were killed in an ambush by
militants while visiting a main oil pipeline that had been destroyed
in an earlier attack.
2013 Dec 8, In Washington DC
the Kennedy Center Honors were awarded to Carlos Santana, Billy
Joel, Herbie Hancock, Martina Arroyo and Shirley McClaine for their
impact on Amereican culture.
(SFC, 12/9/13, p.A8)
2013 Dec 8, In Connecticut a
man shot and killed 3 women and then killed himself in front of
police officers at an apartment complex in Manchester.
(SFC, 12/9/13, p.A8)
2013 Dec 8, A Bangladesh court
ordered authorities to hang Islamist leader Abdul Quader Molla (65),
months after he was sentenced to death, raising fears of a new wave
of clashes. On Dec 10 a late-night reprieve saved his life just
hours before he was to be hanged.
(AFP, 12/8/13)(AP, 12/11/13)
2013 Dec 8, British MPs lined
up to condemn plans by an independent body to grant them an
11-percent pay rise, embarrassed at how such largesse will be
perceived at a time of deep public spending cuts.
2013 Dec 8, Britain's National
Crime Agency (NCA) arrested three people following fresh allegations
of match-fixing at English non-league games.
2013 Dec 8, The mostly Muslim
fighters who control Central African Republic patrolled
neighborhoods across Bangui despite an order to return to their
barracks, reflecting the sectarian tensions still rippling across
the impoverished nation. The French foreign minister said violence
had killed at least 394 people in the past few days.
2013 Dec 8, India's Congress
party headed for a bruising defeat in key state elections, in early
results underlining the struggle it will face to cling to power in a
national election due by May. The main Hindu nationalist party
trounced the nationally ruling Congress in four heartland states and
knocked them out of New Delhi in a ballot contest closely watched
for clues to next year's general election.
(Reuters, 12/8/13)(AP, 12/8/13)
2013 Dec 8, In Iraq a series of
bombings across the country, including 14 blasts in and around
Baghdad, killed 39 people and wounded over 130.
(AP, 12/8/13)(AFP, 12/9/13)
2013 Dec 8, North Korea’s state
TV showed Jang Song Thaek, the uncle of Kim Jong Un, being stripped
of all his titles at a party meeting led by Kim Jong Un.
2013 Dec 8, The Philippine
government and the MILF, the main Muslim rebel group, signed a
crucial power-sharing accord, paving the way for a final peace
2013 Dec 8, Chevron said it has
resumed activities to build its first shale gas exploration well in
Romania, a day after protests forced the US energy giant to suspend
2013 Dec 8, Saudi authorities
beheaded Mohammed Zayer Khan Qol, a Pakistani man, after he was
convicted of smuggling drugs into the ultra-conservative Gulf state.
An AFP count put this as no. 73.
2013 Dec 8, In Singapore an
hour-long fracas was triggered when an Indian construction worker
was struck and killed by a private bus in the Little India district.
The rampage that left 39 police and civil defence staff injured, and
25 vehicles -- including 16 police cars -- damaged or torched.
2013 Dec 8, South Korea said it
has extended its air defense zone to partially overlap with a
similar zone declared by China two weeks ago that has sharply raised
2013 Dec 8, Sudan's President
Omar al-Bashir replaced his two vice-presidents and unveiled a new
cabinet after urgent calls for reform in the 24-year-old regime.
2013 Dec 8, The Sudan People's
Liberation Army-North (SPLA-N) launched attacks in Bau district of
Blue Nile state. Insurgents later said one rebel fighter was
reported killed and three wounded during attacks against military
convoys that also left several government troops dead.
2013 Dec 8, Syrian regime
forces made gains in the key town of Nabuk, one of the last
rebel-held areas in the Qalamoun region bordering Lebanon. Ali
Bazzi, a high-ranking Hezbollah military commander, was killed in a
2013 Dec 8, Thai PM Yingluck
Shinawatra proposed a referendum on her future and promised to
resign if that was what the people wanted, as anti-government
protesters prepared for a final push to try to force her from power.
Thailand's main opposition party resigned from Parliament.
(Reuters, 12/8/13)(AP, 12/8/13)
2013 Dec 8, UN inspectors
visited an Iranian plant linked to a planned heavy-water reactor
that could yield nuclear bomb fuel, taking up an initial offer by
Tehran to open its disputed nuclear program to greater scrutiny.
2013 Dec 8, Several hundred
thousand Ukrainians occupied a central square in the capital,
denouncing President Viktor Yanukovych's decision to turn away from
Europe and align with Russia. Protesters in the square knocked down
a 3.4 meter statue of Vladimir Lenin, erected in 1946.
(AP, 12/8/13)(AFP, 12/8/13)
2013 Dec 8, Venezuela held
municipal elections. The opposition saw this as a referendum on
Pres. Maduro’s performance amid soaring crime, high inflation, and
shortages of basic household items. Early results gave Socialists
and their allies 49 percent of votes, compared to 43 percent for the
opposition coalition and its partners.
(AFP, 12/8/13)(Reuters, 12/9/13)
2013 Dec 8, In Yemen gunmen in
car ambushes shot dead the head of security of the presidential
palace in Taiz, Brigadier General Saddam Hussein al-Dhahri. In a
separate incident Police Colonel Abdullah Gaithallah was similarly
killed in the southern province of al-Baida.
2014 Dec 8, Protesters with
signs bearing names of black Americans killed by police marched
outside the US Capitol and the Justice Department in peaceful
demonstrations demanding a human rights investigation.
2014 Dec 8, US federal
authorities said a dolphin was lethally shot by a hunting arrow in
the northern Gulf of Mexico, the second violent killing of the
protected animal in recent weeks. Harming, harassing or feeding a
wild dolphin is prohibited under the Marine Mammal Protection Act of
2014 Dec 8, In Berkeley, Ca.,
more than 150 protesters were arrested after shutting down a major
freeway in another outbreak of nationwide demonstrations against
police use of deadly force on minorities.
2014 Dec 8, In southern
California a fire destoryed the wooden framing of the new Da Vinci
complex in downtown Los Angeles causing an estimated $20-30 million
in damage. Arson was later determined as the cause.
(SFC, 12/19/14, p.A9)
2014 Dec 8, In Maryland a small
private jet crashed into a house in Gaithersburg, Md. A woman, her
two young sons and 3 people in the plane were killed.
(SFC, 12/9/14, p.A6)
2014 Dec 8, Jewel thieves
pulled off a $500,000 heist at a rest stop in Marion Township, Minn.
Investigators believed they trailed a diamond dealer and employees
returning from a trade show in Chicago.
(SFC, 12/9/14, p.A6)
2014 Dec 8, The International
Criminal Court's 122 member states opened their annual meeting at UN
headquarters in NYC with Africa the focus.
2014 Dec 8, Amazon Indians on
the Peru-Brazil border say they continue to receive death threats
from loggers after the September murder of four local chiefs in a
remote forest region overrun by illegal felling.
2014 Dec 8, Belgian workers
striking against government austerity plans badly snarled rail and
air service to and from the capital city of Brussels.
2014 Dec 8, In Afghanistan the
US and NATO closed their combat command, more than 13 years after
invading the country in the wake of the Sept. 11 terror attacks. A
drone strike killed 6 Taliban fighters in Nuristan province. Taliban
fighters backed by a suicide bomber attacked a police headquarters,
killing 5 people in Kandahar province.
(AP, 12/8/14)(Reuters, 12/8/14)
2014 Dec 8, In Bahrain a
Jordanian officer on a security exchange program was killed in the
village of Damistan.
2014 Dec 8, The body of British
financier Scot Young (52) was found impaled on railings outside his
luxury London apartment. During a drawn-out divorce court battle,
Young claimed he was bankrupt and couldn't pay his wife a
27,500-pound monthly maintenance fee ordered by a judge. He said he
had suffered a financial "meltdown" and was heavily in debt.
2014 Dec 8, A Chinese court
sentenced eight people to death on charges of leading terror groups
and setting off explosives in two attacks that left 46 people dead
in the far western region of Xinjiang. The Urumqi Intermediate
People's Court in Xinjiang also handed out suspended death sentences
to five others.
2014 Dec 8, In eastern China 5
middle school students were killed after a wall collapsed on them at
Tongren Middle School in Huaibei city.
2014 Dec 8, In Dresden,
Germany, some 10,000 people protested in a ralley organized by a
group calling itself “Patriotic Europeans against the Islamization
of the West." A counter demonstration numbered some 9,000.
(SFC, 12/9/14, p.A2)
2014 Dec 8, In India US online
ride-hailing service Uber was banned from operating in New Delhi
after a female passenger accused one of its drivers of rape on Dec
5. Uber employed Shiv Kumar Yadav even though he had been arrested
on allegations of sexual assault three years ago.
(Reuters, 12/8/14)(SFC, 1/14/15, p.A2)
2014 Dec 8, In Indonesia at
least 4 people, including 3 high school students, were killed in the
volatile Papua region in clashes between protesters and security
forces. The clash had started the previous night when the youths
reprimanded a soldier who was riding a motorcycle without the
(Reuters, 12/8/14)(AP, 12/9/14)
2014 Dec 8, An Israeli court
indicted Adam Everett Livix (30), an American Christian, for
plotting to blow up Muslim holy sites in Jerusalem. He was charged
with illegal weapon possession and overstaying his visa by more than
(AP, 12/9/14)(SFC, 12/10/14, p.A6)
2014 Dec 8, A Dutch court ruled
in a preliminary judgment that Uber, a California-based ride-sharing
service, must stop working with drivers who charge fares but do not
possess a taxi license.
2014 Dec 8, In Pakistan
demonstrations in Islamabad turned deadly as one person was killed
in clashes between protesters and security forces.
2014 Dec 8, In the Philippines
Typhoon Hagupit weakened into a tropical storm after leaving at
least 21 people dead and forcing more than a million into shelters,
while sparing most of a central Philippine region still reeling from
last year's monster Typhoon Haiyan.
2014 Dec 8, Poland said it has
decided to refuse a toxic waste shipment from a pesticide plant in
El Salvador that was to be destroyed at an incineration plant in a
southern town, after the local community in Dabrowa Gornicza raised
2014 Dec 8, Saudi King Abdullah
announced a Cabinet shakeup, naming new ministers to key portfolios
overseeing the kingdom's universities and mosques where
ultraconservative clerics and their supporters hold sway.
2014 Dec 8, A South African
court cleared British businessman Shrien Dewani of charges that he
paid hitmen to kill his wife while they were on honeymoon in Cape
Town in Nov, 2010.
2014 Dec 8, In northern Syria
the militant Islamic State group beheaded a man in Solouk, Raqqa
province, after accusing him of blasphemy. 3 journalists from the
opposition television channel Orient News were killed in the
southwest when a missile hit their vehicle in Deraa province.
(AP, 12/9/14)(Reuters, 12/10/14)
2014 Dec 8, Thailand ordered US
online taxi booking company Uber to cease operations, on the same
day taxi apps were banned in the Indian capital New Delhi.
2014 Dec 8, A Ugandan maid
pleaded guilty to charges of torturing a child who was under her
care in a case that shocked Ugandans and sparked debate about the
role of maids raising children. Jolly Tumuhiirwe (22) was sentenced
on Dec 15 to four years in jail.
(AP, 12/8/14)(AP, 12/15/14)
2014 Dec 8, The UN appealed for
$16.4 billion to pay for global humanitarian needs in 2015, saying
it needs that money to help 57.5 million of the world's most
2014 Dec 8, Uruguay said six
Guantanamo Bay prisoners sent to there to be resettled as refugees
underwent medical checkups before being released to begin new lives.
2014 Dec 8, Zimbabwe's
President Robert Mugabe fired his deputy, Joice Mujuru, and seven
government ministers, in the latest twist in a power struggle over
the choice of his successor.