Today in History - December 10

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 Human Rights Day. The anniversary of the 1948 UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
 (SFC, 12/11/98, p.A18)

969        Dec 10, Nicephorus II Phocas, Byzantine co-Emperor (963-69), was murdered.
    (MC, 12/10/01)

1520        Dec 10, Martin Luther publicly burned the papal edict demanding that he recant, or face excommunication.
    (AP, 12/10/97)

1672        Dec 10, Gov. Lovelace announced monthly mail service between NY and Boston.
    (MC, 12/10/01)

1787        Dec 10, Thomas H. Gallaudet, a pioneer of educating the deaf, was born in Philadelphia.
    (AP, 12/10/07)

1799        Dec 10, The metric system was established in France.
    (MC, 12/10/01)

1805        Dec 10, William Lloyd Garrison (d.1879), abolitionist publisher, was born in Newburyport, Mass. In 1831 he published "The Liberator." In 1998 Henry Mayer published "All On Fire: William Lloyd Garrison and the Abolition of American Slavery."
    (SFEC, 1/3/99, BR p.1)(MC, 12/10/01)

1813        Dec 10, Zachariah Chandler, US merchant and politician, was born. He founded the Republican Party.
    (MC, 12/10/01)

1816        Dec 10, The estranged wife of poet Percy Shelley committed suicide by drowning in London’s Hyde Park. 20 days later Percy married Mary Godwin, author of “Frankenstein" (1818).
    (ON, 11/07, p.8)

1817        Dec 10, Mississippi was admitted as the 20th state of the Union.
    (HFA, '96, p.44)(AP, 12/10/97)

1830        Dec 10, American poet Emily Dickinson was born in Amherst, Massachusetts. Perhaps the best-known woman poet in the United States today, Dickinson led a rather secluded life. After studying at Amherst Academy and then for one year at the Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, she lived with her family and never married. The few friends that Emily Dickinson did have received regular gifts of poetry and letters from her. Although she wrote poetry constantly, she never seriously pursued publishing her work. Only about 10 poems were published in her lifetime, and those were submitted for publication without her permission. After her death in 1886, more than 1,700 of her poems, which she had bound together in bundles, were discovered and published.
    (HNPD, 12/8/98)(HN, 12/10/98)

1834        Dec 10, Robert Peel (1788-1850) became prime minister of Britain after launching the first national election manifesto in British history.

1846        Dec 10, Norbert Rillieux (1806-1894), African-American engineer, received a patent for the Rillieux Process for refining sugar. He won several patents for a way to refine sugar in a process that later came to be called multiple-effect distillation.
    (Econ, 6/7/08, p.24)(

1848        Dec 10, Napoleon III, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte (nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte), was elected president of France. In 1852 he dismantled the Republic and replaced it with the Second Empire of France, with himself as emperor.
    (PC, 1992 ed, p.446)(WUD, 1994, p.950)

1851        Dec 10, Melvil Louis Dewey, creator of the Dewey Decimal System (c.1872), was born.
    (HN, 12/10/98)(SSFC, 4/14/02, p.C18)

1859        Dec 10, In Venezuela’s war for independence from Spain Ezequiel Zamora (1817-1860) led the Battle of Santa Ines. Zamora and 3,400 men defeated the Central Army of 2,300 men, with about 1,200 casualties altogether on both sides. Zamora had returned to Venezuela to lead the Federal War, which lasted to 1863.

1861        Dec 10, Kentucky was admitted to the Confederate States of America.
    (HN, 12/10/98)

1862        Dec 10, U.S. House of Representatives passed a bill creating the state of West Virginia.
    (HN, 12/10/98)

1864        Dec 10, General Sherman's armies reached Savannah and a 12 day siege began.
    (MC, 12/10/01)

1869        Dec 10, Governor John Campbell signed a bill that granted women in the Wyoming Territory the right to vote as well as hold public office. Esther Morris had pressed state senator William Bright to sponsor the suffrage bill. Wyoming became the 1st US state to enfranchise women.
    (AP, 12/10/97)(HN, 12/10/98)(USAW, 5/19/02, p.8)

1881        Dec 10, Viscount Alexander of Tunis, British soldier, was born. He took his title from his part in the Allied victories in North Africa.
    (HN, 12/10/99)

1883        Dec 10, Andrej J. Vyshinski, Russian lawyer, foreign minister and UN-ambassador, was born.
    (MC, 12/10/01)

1890        Dec 10, The New York World Building, also known as the Pulitzer Building, was completed in NYC. It was designed by early skyscraper specialist George Browne Post and built to house the now-defunct newspaper, The New York World. It was razed in 1955 for the expanded car ramp entrance to the Brooklyn Bridge.
    (Econ., 3/28/15, p.80)

1891        Dec 10, Nelly Sachs, Nobel Prize-winning poet, was born.
    (HN, 12/10/00)

1982        Dec 10, The UN Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) treaty opened for signature. It extended internationally recognized territorial waters to 200 miles offshore. The convention came into force on November 16, 1994, one year after the sixtieth state, Guyana, signed it. The treaty gave countries the power to restrict fishing within 231 miles of their coasts. The convention created the International Seabed authority and the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea.
    (, 1/18/07, p.A13)(Econ, 8/18/07, p.51)

1896        Dec 10, Alfred Nobel (63), Swedish Nobel Prize ceremony on this date, died. By the time of his death Nobel had acquired a massive fortune. In his will, he left instructions that the bulk of his estate should endow the annual Nobel prizes for those who had most contributed to the areas of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and peace. In 1968, a sixth award for economics was established [see Nov 27, 1895]. The Nobel Peace Prize is therefore awarded on December 10. The first of the Nobel Prizes was presented in 1901 according to instructions in his will. At his death he was one of the richest men in the world, he also felt it would be wrong to leave his fortune to relatives. "Inherited wealth is a misfortune which merely serves to dull man's faculties." Nobel wished the Peace Prize to be administered in Norway.
    (HNPD, 10/21/98)(AP, 12/10/06)(

1898        Dec 10, The United States and Spain signed the Treaty of Paris, ending the Spanish-American War. This ceded Puerto Rico, the Philippines and Guam to the United States. The US Senate ratified the treaty February 6, 1899. The US military governed Puerto Rico from October 1898 until May 1900, when the US Congress instituted a civil government. The civil government underwent many changes until a Constitutional Assembly formed in 1950 and established a Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, which was proclaimed on July 25, 1952. [see Aug 12]
    (AP, 12/10/97)(HN, 12/10/98)(HNQ, 7/28/01)

1899        Dec 10, Sobhuza (1899-1982) succeeded Ngwane V as Paramount Chief of Swaziland, when he was only a few months old. His grandmother, Labotsibeni Mdluli, acted as regent until December 22, 1921.

1903        Dec 10, Mary Norton, English children's author, was born. Her work included “Bedknobs and Broomsticks."
    (HN, 12/10/00)
1903        Dec 10, The Nobel Prize for physics was awarded to Pierre and Marie Curie and fellow physicist Henri Becquerel for their work with radioactivity. Marie Curie, the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, had coined the term radioactivity. Working together after their marriage in 1895, the Curies made several significant discoveries. They showed that the elements uranium and thorium emitted radiation that Becquerel had detected in uranium and had found to be similar to X-rays. They also found that radioactivity caused particles to be electrically charged, and they discovered two new elements, polonium and radium. Their daughter Irène, later a famed scientist in her own right, was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry for the synthesis of new radioactive elements.
    (HNPD, 12/10/98)

1904        Dec 10, Charles M. Schwab incorporated a revamped Bethlehem Steel. As president of US Steel he had acquired the Pennsylvania steel maker in 1901. Schwab resigned his position at US Steel to run Bethlehem Steel. In 2008 Kenneth Warren authored “Bethlehem Steel: Builder and Arsenal of America."
    (WSJ, 10/8/08, p.A15)

1906        Dec 10, President Theodore Roosevelt became the first American to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, for helping mediate an end to the Russo-Japanese War.
    (AP, 12/10/97)

1907        Dec 10, Rumor Godden, English novelist (Black Narcissus), was born.
    (HN, 12/10/00)

1908        Dec 10, Oliver Messian, French composer, was born. His work included “Quartet for the End of Time."
    (HN, 12/10/00)
1908        Dec 10, Abe Ruef (1864-1936), a San Francisco political power broker, was found guilty of bribing a former supervisor to vote for the United Railroad franchise. He was sentenced to 14 years in prison, but was freed on parole in 1915. California Gov. William D. Stephens (1917-1923) pardoned him.
    (SFC, 10/1/99, p.B6)(SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W3)(SSFC, 2/27/11, DB p.46)

1909        Dec 10, Red Cloud, Sioux Indian chief, died.
    (MC, 12/10/01)

1911        Dec 10, Chester "Chet" Huntley, American broadcast journalist, was born.  He teamed with David Brinkley to anchor TV nightly news.
    (HN, 12/10/99)
1911        Dec 10, Joseph Dalton Hooker (b.1817), British botonist and explorer, died.
    (WSJ, 5/10/08, p.A8)(

1917        Dec 10, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the International Red Cross.
    (HN, 12/10/98)

1918        Dec 10, U.S. troops were called to guard Berlin as a coup was feared.
    (HN, 12/10/98)

1919        Dec 10, Captain Ross Smith became the first person to fly 11,500 miles from England to Australia.
    (HN, 12/10/98)

1926        Dec 10, Part 2 of Hitler's Mein Kampf was published.
    (MC, 12/10/01)
1926        Dec 10, Nikola Pasic (b.1845), a Serbian and Yugoslav politician and diplomat, died. He served several times PM of the Kingdom of Serbia (1891–92, 1904–05, 1906–08, 1909–11, 1912–18) and PM of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918, 1921–24, 1924–26).

1928        Dec 10, Charles Rennie Mackintosh (b.1868), Scottish architect and designer, died. He designed the walls of Kate Cranston’s first tea rooms in Glasgow (1903). His watercolors included "The Rock" (1927).
    (WSJ, 1/29/97, p.A9)(, 4/7/07, p.P14)

1930         Dec 10, Lady aviator Ruth Nichols set a new women's record for coast to coast flight, traveling from Los Angeles to New York in 13 hours 22 minutes.
    (NY Times, 11/12/1930, p.1)

1931        Dec 10, Jane Addams became a co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, for her efforts as the president of the Women’s International league for Peace and Freedom. She was the first American woman so honored. She was also known for her work as a social reformer and pacifist, and founded the Hull House in Chicago. The co-recipient was Nicholas Murray Butler.
    (HN, 9/6/98)(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A16)(AP, 12/10/06)
1931        Dec 10, Nicholas Murray Butler (1862-1947), presidential advisor and president of Columbia Univ. (1902-1945), was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work on behalf of the Briand Kellogg Pact (1929), a treaty that denounced war as an instrument of national policy. In 2006 Michael Rosenthal authored “Nicholas Miraculous," a biography Butler.
    (SSFC, 8/15/04, p.D11)(WSJ, 1/25/06, p.D10)

1934        Dec 10, Harold C. Urey (1893-1981), US chemist, was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry for his work with deuterium.

1936        Dec 10, Edward VIII abdicated to marry Wallis Warfield Simpson, an American born divorcee. [see Dec 11]
    (HN, 12/10/98)

1941        Dec 10, The US submarine Sealion was sunk in an air attack at Manila Bay. 10 crewman were captured by the Japanese and shipped to work in a Mitsubishi copper mine in northern Japan.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, Par p.5)
1941        Dec 10, British battleship Prince of Wales sank off Singapore.
    (MC, 12/10/01)   
1941        Dec 10, Japanese troops invaded the Filipino island of Luzon and overran Guam.
    (WUD, 1944, p.1683)(HN, 12/10/98)(MC, 12/10/01)
1941        Dec 10, The siege of Tobruk in North Africa, was raised.
    (HN, 12/10/98)

1942        Dec 10, George W. Merck, former president of Merck Pharmaceutical and head of the War Research Service, requested the Chemical Warfare Service to develop a biological warfare program.
    (AH, 6/03, p.46)

1943        Dec 10, Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a bill that postponed a draft of pre-Pearl Harbor fathers.
    (HN, 12/10/98)
1943        Dec 10, Allied forces bombed Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria.
    (HN, 12/10/98)

1944        Dec 10, The US 394th Regiment’s Intelligence and Reconnaissance platoon was ordered into the village of Lanzareth, Belgium, to fill a gap between allied divisions along the Western front. A German counteroffensive, launched on Dec 16, sent through Lanzareth. The platoon surrendered after running out of ammunition. All members survived imprisonment. In 2004 Alex Kershaw authored “The Longest Winter: The Battle of the Bulge and the Epic Story of World War II’s Most Decorated Platoon."
    (WSJ, 12/7/04, p.D11)(SSFC, 1/2/05, p.E1)

1946        Dec 10, Damon Runyon (66), New York-based syndicated newspaper columnist and author (Guys & Dolls), died.
    (SFC, 10/24/96, p.A2)(MC, 12/10/01)

1948        Dec 10, The U.N. General Assembly adopted its Universal Declaration on Human Rights.
    (AP, 12/10/97)

1949        Dec 10, 150,000 French troops massed at the border in Vietnam to prevent a Chinese invasion.
    (HN, 12/10/98)

1950        Dec 10, Dr. Ralph J. Bunche (b.1904) became the first African-American to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (AP, 12/10/97)(HN, 12/10/98)

1954        Dec 10, In Japan PM Shigeru Yoshida (1868-1967), post-reconstruction statesman and 2-time prime minister, was unseated by Ichiro Hatoyama.
    (Econ, 7/18/09, p.42)(

1955        Dec 10, The anti-proton, discovered in October by a team of UC Berkeley scientists that included Owen Chamberlain, Emilio Segre and Clyde Wiegand (1915-1996), was confirmed by scientists at the Univ. of Rome and the Univ. of California.
    (SFC, 7/9/96, p.A20)(SFC, 12/9/05, p.F6)

1958        Dec 10, The first domestic passenger jet flight took place in the United States as a National Airlines Boeing 707 flew 111 passengers from New York City to Miami.
    (AP, 12/10/97)

1960        Dec 10, The San Francisco Chronicle reported that a third of a million fifths of an exotic moonshine, known as bok chow, were being distilled in Chinatown. A recent raid at 1555 Mason St. gave up 22 gallons.
    (SSFC, 12/5/10, DB p.50)

1962        Dec 10, "Lawrence of Arabia," David Lean's epic film starring Peter O'Toole as British officer T.E. Lawrence, had its royal gala premiere in London.
    (AP, 12/10/02)

1963        Dec 10, Walter Cronkite re-aired a CBS News report from London on the Beatles. It had been 1st filed on Nov 22, the day JFK was assassinated.
    (SSFC, 2/8/04, Par p.18)

1964        Dec 10, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. received the Nobel Peace Prize during ceremonies in Oslo, Norway.
    (AP, 12/10/97)

1967        Dec 10, Singer Otis Redding (26) and 6 others died in the crash of his private plane in Lake Monona, Wisconsin. He had recently recorded “Sittin’ on the Dock of the Bay," which became a big hit in 1968.
    (SFC, 4/25/06, p.B5)(AP, 12/10/07)

1968        Dec 10, Thomas Merton (b.1915), American Trappist monk and writer, died in Bangkok, Thailand from accidental electrocution. He had just finished his 7th journal "The Other side of the Mountain." Merton was influenced by the Hindu scholar Mahanambrata Brahmachari (d.1999). Merton's work also the spiritual autobiography "The Seven Story Mountain." In 1978 Monica Furlong (d.2003) authored a biography of Merton.
    (SFC, 2/24/98, p.A22)(SFEC, 9/27/98, BR p.3)(SFC, 11/2/99, p.A26)(SFC, 2/3/03, p.B4)(WSJ, 3/26/03, p.D8)(

1971        Dec 10, Pres. Nixon signed the US Revenue Act into law launching the income tax checkoff system for campaign contributions and paving the way for public funding.
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, p.D9)(
1971        Dec 10, William H. Rehnquist (b.1924) was confirmed as US Supreme Court justice.
1971        Dec 10, John Lennon made a public appearance at a benefit concert for poet John Sinclair who was in jail for possession of marijuana. Three days later Sinclair was released.
    (SFEC, 7/21/96, DB p.35)

1972        Dec 10, Amnesty International, founded in London in 1961, launched its first worldwide campaign for the abolition of torture on Human Rights Day, with the aim to make torture "as unthinkable as slavery."
1972        Dec 10, Kenneth Arrow (b.1921) of Stanford Univ. shared the Nobel Prize in economics with John R. Hicks (1904-1989) of Oxford, England.
    {Economics, Nobel Prize, USA, Britain, Sweden}
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.A17)(

1973        Dec 10, Amnesty Int’l. held its first worldwide conference to abolish torture. Dr. Leonard Sagan (d.1997 at 69) was the medical reporter at the Paris conference. Dr. Sagan wrote the book "The Health of Nations: True Causes of Sickness and Well-Being" (1987). Amnesty International had launched its first worldwide campaign for the abolition of torture in 1972.
    (, 12/12/97, p.B12)(
1973        Dec 10, In Italy the personnel chief of Fiat was kidnapped and held for 8 days.
    (WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A18)
1973        Dec 10, North Korea and India established diplomatic ties.
    (AFP, 2/7/06)(

1974        Dec 10, Ed Wood (b.1924), credited as the worst filmmaker of all time, died a penniless drunk. His films included "Jail Bait," "Plan 9 From Outer Space," "Bride of the Monster," "Glen or Glenda?" and "Night of the Ghouls." His 1948 "Crossroads of Loredo" was unreleased. In 1996 a documentary by Brett Thompson was released titled "The Haunted World of Edward D. Wood."
    (SFC, 9/26/96, p.E6)(

1975        Dec 10, Elena Bonner Sacharova (b.1923) read Andrei Sacharov’s Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech in Oslo.

1977        Dec 10, In Argentina Azucena Villaflor, along with mothers Esther Ballestrino de Careaga and Maria Eugenia Ponce de Bianco, were kidnapped by state security agents. In 2005 Investigators recovered the remains of Villaflor and 2 colleagues at a rural cemetery. Villaflor had founded the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, the legendary protest group against Argentina's Dirty War.  In 2011 Alfredo Astiz (59), a former navy spy known as "the Angel of Death," was convicted in the disappearance of Azucena Villaflor.
    (AP, 7/8/05)(, 10/26/11)
1977        Dec 10, On UN Human Rights Day, the Soviet Union placed 20 prominent dissidents under house arrest, cutting off telephones and threatening to break up a planned silent demonstration in Moscow’s Pushkin Square.
    (HN, 12/10/98)

1978        Dec 10, Edward D. Wood (b.1924), film director, died in North Hollywood, Ca. His films included "Plan 9 From Outer Space" (1959). He became infamous for his bad movies. In 1994 the film "Ed Wood" by Tim Burton was made in homage.
    (AP, 12/10/98)(SFC, 12/25/98, p.C21)(,_Jr.)

1980        Dec 10, US Representative John W. Jenrette (Democrat, South Carolina) resigned to avoid being expelled from the House following his conviction on charges relating to the FBI’s ABSCAM investigation.
    (AP, 12/10/00)   
1980        Dec 10, Czeslaw Milosz of UC Berkeley, a Polish-born American, received the Nobel Prize in literature from King Carl Gustaf in Sweden.
    (SFC, 12/9/05, p.F2)(AP, 10/8/09)

1982        Dec 10, Freeman Gosden (b.1899), white actor, died. He had starred as Amos in the “Amos ‘n’ Andy" radio shows from 1928 to 1960.
    (SFC, 3/21/07, p.G2)(
1982        Dec 10, The UN Law of the Sea treaty opened for signature. It extended internationally recognized territorial waters to 200 miles offshore. The convention came into force on November 16, 1994, one year after the sixtieth state, Guyana, signed it. The treaty gave countries the power to restrict fishing within 231 miles of their coasts. The convention created the International Seabed authority and the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea.
    (, 1/18/07, p.A13)(Econ, 8/18/07, p.51)

1984        Dec 10, It was reported that a creosote bush in California’s Mojave Desert was determined to be 11,700 years old.
1984        Dec 10, South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu received the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (SFC, 6/23/96, BR, p.32)(AP, 12/10/99)

1986        Dec 10, Human rights advocate and Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel accepted the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
1986        Dec 10-1986 Dec 30, In China thousands of students began protesting for democracy in Shanghai and the demonstrations spread to Beijing.
    (SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)

1987        Dec 10, President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev concluded three days of summit talks in Washington.
    (AP, 12/10/97)
1987        Dec 10, Jascha Heifetz (b.1901), Lithuania-born Jewish violinist, died in Los Angeles.
    ( 12/10/97)

1988        Dec 10, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev visited the republic of Armenia, the scene of a devastating earthquake that had killed an estimated 25,000 people.
    (AP, 12/10/98)

1990        Dec 10, A stand-in for Mikhail Gorbachev accepted the 1990 Nobel Peace Prize.
    (AP, 12/10/00)
1990        Dec 10, The Food and Drug Administration approved Norplant, a long-acting contraceptive implant.
    (AP, 12/10/00)
1990        Dec 10, The space shuttle “Columbia" returned from its tenth mission.
    (AP, 12/10/00)
1990        Dec 10, Industrialist Armand Hammer died at age 92.
    (AP, 12/10/00)

1991        Dec 10, William Kennedy Smith, accused of raping Patricia Bowman, proclaimed his innocence during his trial in West Palm Beach, Fla.
    (AP, 12/10/01)

1992        Dec 10, President-elect Clinton announced his first Cabinet selections, including Lloyd Bentsen to be treasury secretary and Leon Panetta to be budget director.
    (AP, 12/10/97)
1992        Dec 10, Sen. Bob Packwood, R-Ore., apologized for what he called "unwelcome and offensive" actions toward women, but refused to resign.
    (AP, 12/10/97)

1993        Dec 10, The crew of the space shuttle Endeavour deployed the repaired Hubble Space Telescope into Earth orbit.
    (AP, 12/10/98)
1993        Dec 10, Mansour Rashid El-Kikhia, former Libyan ambassador to the UN, was kidnapped in Cairo. The US CIA later reported that he was taken to Libya and executed in early 1994.
    (SSFC, 5/21/06, p.E5)(
1993        Dec 10, South African President F.W. de Klerk and African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela accepted their Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway.
    (AP, 12/10/98)

1994        Dec 10, Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin received the Nobel Peace Prize, pledging to pursue their mission of healing the anguished Middle East.
    (AP, 12/10/99)
1994        Dec 10, Advertising executive Thomas Mosser was killed by a mail bomb attributed to the Unabomber at his home in North Caldwell N.J.
    (SFC, 4/4/96, p.A16)(SFEC, 11/9/97, Z1 p.5)

1995        Dec 10, The first group of US Marines arrived in the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo to join NATO soldiers sent to enforce peace in former Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 12/10/00)

1996        Dec 10, Roman Catholic Bishop Filipe Ximenes Belo and exiled activist Jose Ramos Horta, opponents of Indonesia's occupation of East Timor, accepted the Nobel Peace Prize.
    (AP, 12/10/97)
1996        Dec 10, On International Human Rights Day, President Clinton urged the Senate to embrace a 17-year-old treaty barring abuses against women.
    (AP, 12/10/97)
1996        Dec 10, In Armenia the Supreme Court sentenced 3 members of the outlawed Dashnaksitun political party to death on terrorism charges.
    (SFC, 12/11/96, p.C1)
1996        Dec 10, The French African aid budget was more than $3 billion, nearly 4 times that of the US aid to Africa. French troops were garrisoned in Cameroon, the CAR, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Gabon and Senegal.
    (WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A22)
1996        Dec 10, In Gabon Pres. Bongo was believed to be among the world’s richest individuals.
    (WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A22)
1996        Dec 10, NATO took formal steps to expand and reassured Russia that it had no plans to move nuclear weapons into the territory of new members.
    (SFC, 12/11/96, p.C1)
1996        Dec 10, In South Africa Pres. Nelson Mandela signed the finished constitution, largely the work of Albie Sachs.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, z1 p.7)
1996        Dec 10, In South Africa a policeman convicted of 11 murders in a botched 1988 assassination attempt and serving a 30-year sentence was freed from prison by the amnesty panel.
    (WSJ, 12/11/96, p.A1)
1996        Dec 10, The US refused to provide aid to Togo because of endemic corruption and repression but France has resumed a major aid program.
    (WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A22)
1996        Dec 10, In Turkey the military purged 70 officers and non-commissioned in a continuing effort to purge Muslim fundamentalists from its ranks.
    (WSJ, 12/11/96, p.A1)

1997        Dec 10, The US Supreme Court narrowed double-jeopardy protections for people who face both civil fines and criminal prosecution for the same conduct, ruling that three Oklahoma men could be prosecuted in a bank failure case even though they'd already paid civil fines for their actions. This overturned a 1989 ruling that said it would be double-jeopardy to impose both criminal punishment and civil fines.
    (SFC, 12/11/97, p.A3)(AP, 12/10/98)
1997        Dec 10, Vice Pres. Gore announced that $425 million would be made available from the Technology Literacy Challenge Fund to help state and local officials improve teaching and learning with new technology.
    (SFC, 12/11/97, p.A9)
1997        Dec 10, Researchers announced that the genetic blueprint of the microbe that causes Lyme disease has been deciphered.
    (WSJ, 12/11/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 10, Julia Butterfly (23), nee Julia Hill, climbed into a redwood tree in Humboldt County, Ca., on Pacific Lumber Co. property and remained there for over 2 years. She named the tree Luna and in her meditations came up with the equation: truth + hope = action + change. Julia ended her protest Dec 18, 1999. A deal was reached to preserve Luna and a 200-foot buffer in exchange for a $50,000 payment to Pacific Lumber, which would be donated to Humboldt State Univ. for scientific research. In 2000 Hill published “The Legacy of Luna: The Story of a Tree, a Woman, and the Struggle to Save the Redwoods."
    (SFEC, 12/6/98, Z1p.1)(KPFA, 12/9/99)(SFC, 12/18/99, p.A5)(SFC, 12/20/99, p.A24)(SFEC, 4/2/00, BR p.3)
1997        Dec 10, In Britain the House of Commons approved a bill to reduce welfare payments to single parents.
    (SFC, 12/11/97, p.C2)
1997        Dec 10, In Israel the parliament issued a broad ban on Palestinian political activity in East Jerusalem in an attempt to block a Palestinian census.
    (SFC, 12/11/97, p.C2)
1997        Dec 10, Jordan expelled 7 Iraqi diplomats after Iraq executed 4 Jordanians accused of smuggling $850 worth of auto parts.
    (SFC, 12/11/97, p.A18)
1997        Dec 10, Jesus Carrola, the new judicial police chief of Mexico City, stepped down amid allegations of links to torture and drug traffickers.
    (SFC, 12/11/97, p.C3)
1997        Dec 10, In Mexico Vincent Carroza, a hotel manager in Acapulco from New Jersey, was kidnapped by 9 gunmen dressed as federal police agents. His was the 104th kidnapping reported in the state in 20 months. He was released unharmed after 8 days.
    (SFC, 12/11/97, p.A18)(SFC, 12/18/97, p.C12)
1997        Dec 10, In Rwanda Hutu guerrillas, known as Interhamwe, attacked the Mudende Tutsi refugee camp and killed at least 231 [327] people and wounded over 200 others just hours before the arrival of US Sec. of State Madeleine Albright, who came to promote peace.
    (SFC, 12/12/97, p.B3)(SFC, 12/19/97, p.B6)
1997        Dec 10, In Uganda US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright pledged $2.2 million for World Vision, a center that cares for abducted children, and a $2 million grant for Lacor Hospital, where many children receive treatment.
    (SFC, 12/11/97, p.A17)
1997        Dec 10, In Zimbabwe the government withdrew key components of a controversial tax package.
    (SFC, 12/11/97, p.A18)

1998        Dec 10, The House Judiciary Committee opened debate on 4 articles of impeachment against Pres. Clinton. Republicans on the House Judiciary Committee lined up one by one in favor of impeaching President Clinton; Democrats vowed opposition after lawyers clashed in closing arguments over alleged "high crimes and misdemeanors."
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/10/99)
1998        Dec 10, Six astronauts jubilantly swung open the doors to the new international space station, becoming the first guests aboard the 250-mile-high outpost.
    (AP, 12/10/99)
1998        Dec 10, Scientists reported that all 97 million genetic “letters" of the worm “Caenorhabditis elegans" had been precisely mapped. It was the first complete genetic blueprint of an animal.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.A1,16)
1998        Dec 10, In Detroit Andrzej Olbrot (52), a Wayne State Univ. engineering Prof., was shot and killed while administering final exams. A 48-year-old graduate student turned himself in the next day.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.D6)(SFC, 12/12/98, p.A2)
1998        Dec 10, In Algeria the death toll for the month reached 200.
    (WSJ, 12/11/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 10, Mansur Tagirov, Chechnya’s top prosecutor, disappeared while returning to Grozny.
    (SFC, 12/12/98, p.B1)
1998        Dec 10, Zhang Jieying, Chinese writer and columnist, was reported to have sold 200,000 legal copies and millions of pirated editions of her book “Absolute Privacy." The book was a collection of people’s private stories on love and sex in an era of social change.
    (WSJ, 12/10/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 10, Nicaragua filed a large damage suit against all major US tobacco companies. Guatemala and Panama already had suits on file.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.D3)
1998        Dec 10, In North Korea it was reported that a Fall scientific survey found that 62% of the children under 7 years old suffered from stunted growth due to malnutrition. An entire generation of children were feared to be physically and mentally impaired.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.C5)
1998        Dec 10, Leaders of the PLO voted to annul passages of their 1964 constitutional charter that called for Israel’s destruction.
    (AP, 12/10/99)(SFC, 12/11/98, p.A18)
1998        Dec 10, In Sudan the death toll from the 15 year civil war was reported to have reached at least 1.9 million. A 40 nation African conference on refugees opened in Khartoum.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.D3)

1999        Dec 10, Wen Ho Lee, nuclear physicist, was charged with 59 counts of mishandling classified information at Los Alamos National Laboratory. After three years under suspicion as a spy for China, computer scientist Wen Ho Lee was arrested and charged with removing secrets from secure computers at the Los Alamos weapons lab. Lee was later freed after pleading guilty to one count of downloading restricted data to tape; 58 other counts were dropped.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.A1)(AP, 12/10/00)
1999        Dec 10, Death claimed rock singer-musician Rick Danko at age 56 and actress Shirley Hemphill at age 52.
    (AP, 12/10/00)
1999        Dec 10, In Argentina Pres. Fernando de la Rua was inaugurated. His campaign promised to revive the economy.
    (SFC, 5/20/00, p.A8)(WSJ, 8/23/01, p.A9)
1999        Dec 10, In China Pres. Yeltsin of Russia and Pres. Jiang Zemin ended a 2-day summit and swapped pledges of support for Chechnya and Taiwan.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.A18)
1999        Dec 10, China signed a deal to advance Belgrade some $300 million in cash and credits for reconstruction.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.C2)
1999        Dec 10, More than two million people marched in Cuba to demand the return of Elian Gonzalez.
    (AP, 12/10/00)
1999        Dec 10, In Croatia Pres. Franjo Tudjman died at age 77. Vlatko Pavletic (1930-2007), speaker of Croatia's parliament, began serving as acting president for two months.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.A16)(AP, 9/19/07)
1999        Dec 10, The EU accepted Turkey as a candidate for membership. It also agreed to draft a common defense policy with a deployment force of 60,000 peacekeepers by 2003 to diffuse crises at its doorstep. Preliminary consideration for membership was also granted to Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Malta.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.A16)
1999        Dec 10, In Kuwait a US airmen was instantly killed when an Air Force C-130 transport landed short of the runway at Al Jaber Air Base. The plane regained altitude, dumped fuel and made an emergency belly landing following which 2 more airmen were killed. The pilot was charged with involuntary manslaughter for killing three servicemen by crashing the plane.
1999        Dec 10, In Mexico masked men with guns attacked a prison in Chiapas and 44 of 239 inmates fled and a 5-month old child, whose mother was visiting her husband, was killed.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.C2)
1999        Dec 10, In South Korea nearly 20,000 people gathered for a labor rally in Seoul that turned violent and left 160 people injured.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.C2)
1999        Dec 10, The UN extended Iraq's "oil-for-food" program for 6 months and set the stage for the suspension of sanctions if UN weapon's inspectors are allowed back into the country.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.C1)

2000        Dec 10, Jack S. Kilby (1923-2005) received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention of the microchip (1958). Zhores Alferov of Russia and Herbert Kroemer of UC Santa Barbara shared the prize for their work on heterostructure semiconductors.
    (SFC, 12/11/00, p.A2)(SFC, 6/22/05, p.A5)
2000        Dec 10, Kim Dae Jung, president of South Korea, received the Nobel Peace Prize for his campaign to unify his country.
    (SFC, 12/11/00, p.A2)
2000        Dec 10, In Washington, lawyers for Al Gore and George W. Bush filed briefs outlining their cases to be argued the next day before the U.S. Supreme Court.
    (AP, 12/10/01)
2000        Dec 10, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak submitted his resignation, starting the countdown toward a special election. Former prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced his intent to unseat Ehud Barak.
    (SFC, 12/11/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/10/01)
2000        Dec 10, Ivory coast proceeded with parliamentary elections against the wishes of both France and the US.
    (SFC, 12/11/00, p.A13)
2000        Dec 10, In the Philippines Pres. Estrada announced that he would order the commutation of all death sentences to life imprisonment.
    (SFC, 12/11/00, p.F8)
2000        Dec 10, Fishermen dragged the corpse of Dariusz Janiszewski, stripped to a shirt and underwear, from the muddy banks of the Oder River in southwestern Poland. His body showed signs of starvation and torture. In 2007 a court ruled that author Krystian Bala planned and directed the grisly killing, but said there was insufficient evidence to convict him of carrying out the murder himself. He was sentenced to 25 years in prison. Bala's 2003 novel, "Amok," an alcohol- and sex-fueled tale was narrated by a man named Chris, who stabs a woman after binding her hands behind her back and then running the rope to a noose around her neck.
    (AP, 9/5/07)
2000        Dec 10, In Romania Ion Iliescu, former Communist turned social democrat, won the presidential runoff elections over nationalist Corneliu Vadim Tudor 70-30%.
    (SFC, 12/11/00, p.A12)
2000        Dec 10, Slovenia re-established diplomatic ties with Yugoslavia.
    (WSJ, 12/11/00, p.A1)

2001        Dec 10, President Bush told reporters a videotape of Osama bin Laden in which the al-Qaida leader talked happily about the Sept. 11 attacks "just reminded me of what a murderer he is."
    (AP, 12/10/02)
2001        Dec 10, Federal authorities charged Golden State Transportation, a Los Angeles-based bus company, with illegally transporting thousands of undocumented aliens from staging areas near the U.S.-Mexico border. Raids over the last 2 days had picked up 26 of the 32 indicted.
    (SFC, 12/11/01, p.A7)(AP, 12/10/02)
2001        Dec 10, US air strikes continued at Tora Bora and Afghan fighters moved in on al Qaeda defenders in fortified caves.
    (SFC, 12/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 10, In Philadelphia a gunman opened fire outside the Great Valley Shopping Center in East Whiteland Township and killed 2 people. A 3rd was wounded.
    (SFC, 12/11/01, p.A9)
2001        Dec 10, It was reported that at least 43 Taliban prisoners had died in shipping containers during a 2-3 day transit from Kunduz to Shibirghan.
    (SFC, 12/11/01, p.A17)
2001        Dec 10, Israeli helicopters fired missiles at a car in Hebron. 2 boys aged 3 & 13 were killed and 7 people were wounded.
    (SFC, 12/11/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 10, In Kenya Sheikh Ahmed Salim Swedan, an al Qaeda operative, was arrested in Mandera near the Somalia border for involvement in the Aug 7, 1998 US Embassy bombing.
    (SFC, 12/11/01, p.A13)

2001        Dec 10, In Venezuela a nation-wide 12-hour work stoppage was planned to protest policies of Pres. Hugo Chavez. Thousands of businesses closed and millions stayed home as Pres. Chavez countered as host of the annual air force show in Caracas.
    (WSJ, 12/6/01, p.A12)(SFC, 12/11/01, p.A6)

2002        Dec 10, Pres. Bush named William Donaldson (71), co-founder of a Wall Street brokerage firm, to head the SEC.
    (SFC, 12/11/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 10, A U.S. F-16 fighter bombed an Iraqi surface-to-air missile system after Iraq moved it deep into the southern no-fly zone.
    (AP, 12/10/02)
2002        Dec 10, The Colombian army reported that at least 8 right-wing militia members were killed by leftist guerrillas near Tierradentro. A local clinic reported at least 28 militia members dead along with 2 rebels.
    (SFC, 12/11/02, p.A13)
2002        Dec 10, A train accident at Coliseo, Cuba, killed 14 people and injured more than 70.
    (AP, 12/11/02)(SFC, 12/12/02, p.A20)
2002        Dec 10, In Portugal a national strike forced schools to cancel classes, reduced hospital care to emergency treatment, left garbage uncollected and clogged roads with traffic as most public transport stopped running.
    (AP, 12/10/02)
2002        Dec 10, Saudi dissidents reported a new radio station, Sawt al-Islah (the Voice of Reform), had started broadcasting from Europe to push for reforms.
    (SFC, 12/11/02, p.A14)
2002        Dec 10, In Sweden King Carl XIV Gustaf awarded the Nobel Prizes. Former US Pres. Jimmy Carter accepted the Peace Prize for his diplomacy in the Middle East in the 1970s.
    (AP, 12/10/02)

2003        Dec 10, U.S. allies that opposed the war in Iraq were angered and surprised by Deputy Sec. of Defense Paul Wolfowitz's decision to bar their companies from bidding for $18.6 billion worth of reconstruction contracts, with France questioning its legality and Canada threatening to halt aid. The 63-nation eligibility list excluded Germany, France, Russia and China.
    (AP, 12/10/03)(WSJ, 12/10/03, p.A1)(Econ, 12/13/03, p.30)
2003        Dec 10, A divided Supreme Court upheld the broadest restrictions on campaign donations in nearly 30 years.
    (AP, 12/10/04)
2003        Dec 10, An appeals court ordered a new trial for Lionel Tate, a Florida teen sentenced to life for causing the death of a 6-year-old playmate, Tiffany Eunick. Originally convicted of first-degree murder, Tate pleaded guilty to 2nd-degree murder and went free in January 2004.
    (AP, 12/10/08)
2003        Dec 10, Scientists reported on a partial list of genes that make people human based on comparisons with the chimpanzee genome.
    (AP, 12/12/03)(
2003        Dec 10, Robert Bartley (66), conservative head of the WSJ editorial pages, died.
    (Econ, 1/3/04, p.63)
2003        Dec 10, An Int'l. Court sentenced former Bosnian-Serb Col. Dragan Obrenovic (40) to 17 years in prison for his role in the slaughter of more than 7,000 men and boys in Srebrenica, Bosnia. [see July 6, 1995]
    (AP, 12/11/03)
2003        Dec 10, It was reported that China was forcibly repatriating some 100 North Korean refugees each week and the 852 were detained in camps awaiting deportation.
    (SFC, 12/10/03, p.A16)
2003        Dec 10, The presidents of Egypt and Iran met for the 1st time since 1979. Iran's rulers authorized the signing of a UN nuclear deal.
    (WSJ, 12/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 10, Ethiopian officials appealed for US$380 million for food and medicine to care for more than 7 million people who will go hungry next year if international aid doesn't make up for a chronic food shortfall.
    (AP, 12/10/03)
2003        Dec 10, Aslan Abashidze (65), a former Soviet bureaucrat who has ruled the region of Adzharia since Georgia's 1991 independence, refused to accept Georgia's interim leadership or parliament.
    (AP, 12/10/03)
2003        Dec 10, Iraq's U.S.-installed interim government established a special tribunal to deal with crime against humanity committed by Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AP, 12/10/03)
2003        Dec 10, Iraq's Health Ministry has ordered a halt to a count of civilians killed during the war and told its statistics department not to release figures compiled so far.
    (AP, 12/10/03)
2003        Dec 10, Journalist Michael Weisskopf (57) was seriously wounded when a grenade thrown into an Army Humvee exploded as he attempted to throw it back out.
    (SFC, 12/12/03, p.A22)
2003        Dec 10, In Mosul, Iraq, 2 US soldiers were killed. In a Baghdad suburb armed men robbed a government bank of almost $1.4 billion dinars ($800,000).
    (SFC, 12/11/03, p.A17)
2003        Dec 10, Four Latvian climbers plunged hundreds of feet to their deaths on Mount Cook, New Zealand's highest peak.
    (AP, 12/10/03)
2003        Dec 10, In Liberia rampages by ex-government fighters left at least nine people dead in Monrovia. All but one of the deaths came in fighting between U.N. troops and the ex-militiamen.
    (AP, 12/10/03)
2003        Dec 10, The Nobel Prize awards ceremony were held in Sweden and Norway. Iranian democracy activist Shirin Ebadi, the first Muslim woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize, accepted the award in Oslo, Norway.
    (AP, 12/10/03)(AP, 12/10/08)
2003        Dec 10, The World Summit on the Information Society began a 3-day meeting in Geneva, Switz.
    (SSFC, 12/7/03, p.C2)

2004        Dec 10, Pres. Bush picked Samuel Bodman to be the new energy secretary. Bernard Kerik withdrew his name from consideration to be Pres. Bush's homeland security secretary.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2004        Dec 10, Staff Sgt. Johnny M. Horne Jr. (30) of Wilson, N.C., was sentenced to three years in prison for killing severely wounded Qasim Hassan (16) in Sadr City on Aug 18.
    (AP, 12/11/04)(SFC, 12/11/04, p.A13)
2004        Dec 10, Sprinter Michelle Collins was suspended for eight years for a doping violation linked to the BALCO scandal. The suspension was later reduced to four years.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2004        Dec 10, A US trade panel gave final approval to anti-dumping duties of up to 198 percent on imports of about $1.2 billion worth of wooden bedroom furniture from China.
    (AP, 12/10/04)
2004        Dec 10, In Paris a skating rink opened on an observation deck of the Eiffel Tower, 188 feet above the streets.
    (SFC, 12/11/04, p.A2)
2004        Dec 10, President Oscar Berger said Guatemalan academics will create a university dedicated to rescuing and developing the ancient knowledge of the country's Mayan cultures.
    (AP, 12/10/04)
2004        Dec 10, Israeli troops shot and killed a 7-year-old Palestinian girl after militants fired mortar rounds at a Gaza Strip settlement, injuring four Israelis, one of them a child.
    (AP, 12/10/04)
2004        Dec 10, Italy’s Premier Silvio Berlusconi was acquitted of corruption charges that have dogged his government from the start.
    (AP, 12/11/04)
2004        Dec 10, Japan's government overhauled its defense guidelines, easing an arms exports ban and singling out North Korea and China as security threats.
    (AP, 12/10/04)
2004        Dec 10, OPEC agreed to reduce output by one million barrels a day in hopes of staving off further price declines without triggering a new buying frenzy.
    (AP, 12/10/04)
2004        Dec 10, In southwestern Pakistan a bomb strapped to a bicycle exploded next to an army truck parked at a crowded outdoor market, killing at least 10 people and wounding 27.
    (AP, 12/10/04)
2004        Dec 10, A Venezuelan military plane crashed in a mountainous region near Caracas on Friday, killing 16 people, including high-ranking officers.
    (AP, 12/10/04)
2004        Dec 10, A US passenger jet, United Flight 869, landed in Vietnam, the first since the Vietnam War ended nearly 30 years ago.
    (AP, 12/10/04)

2005        Dec 10, Southern California running back Reggie Bush won the Heisman Trophy.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2005        Dec 10, In NYC police officer Daniel Enchautegui (28) was shot a killed when he interrupted a burglary in progress while off duty. 2 suspects were arrested. Steven Armento (48), a convicted burglar, and Lillo Brancato Jr. (29), an actor who appeared in episodes of "The Sopranos" and in films including "A Bronx Tale," were shot by the officer and were in stable condition yesterday in the critical care unit of Jacobi Medical Center. Armento was convicted of first degree murder in 2008 and sentenced to life in prison. On Jan 9, 2009, Brancato was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (SFC, 12/12/05, p.A3)(SFC, 1/10/09, p.E4)
2005        Dec 10, Anna Elizabeth Vuori (90) was found murdered and sexually assaulted at her home in Lafayette, Ca. DNA samples led police to arrest Richard Craig McNew (32), a traveling salesman from Missouri with a criminal record dating back to 1993. In late 2008 McNew pleaded guilty charges of rape, murder and robbery.
    (SFC, 1/11/06, p.B3)(SFC, 1/1/09, p.B3)
2005        Dec 10, Former US Sen. Eugene McCarthy (b.1916), D-Minn., died at age 89 at his home in Georgetown, DC.
    (AP, 12/10/05)(Econ, 12/17/05, p.85)
2005        Dec 10, Richard Pryor (b.1940), American black comedian and actor, died. His films included "Stir Crazy," "Silver Streak," "Which Way Is Up?" and "Richard Pryor Live on the Sunset Strip."
    (AP, 12/11/05)
2005        Dec 10, In Brazil Rayfran das Neves Sales and Clodoaldo Carlos Batista were convicted of killing Dorothy Stang, an American nun. Stang had spent decades trying to save the Amazon rain forest. Prosecutor Esdon Cardoso said the case would only be resolved when three other men accused in the killing are convicted, including two ranchers accused of ordering the killing. A third man has been charged with acting as a go-between for the gunmen and the ranchers. The three are expected to face trial some time next year.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, In Canada more than 150 nations agreed to launch formal talks on mandatory post-2012 reductions in greenhouse gases, talks that will exclude an unwilling US. The agenda item on “Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries and approaches to stimulate action" was first introduced into the Conference of the Parties (COP) agenda at its eleventh session in Montreal. The Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation plan became known as REDD.
    (, 12/10/05)(Econ, 12/17/05, p.77) (Econ, 9/25/10, SR p.6)
2005        Dec 10, China’s Ministry of Railways signed an agreement to let an American subsidiary of Shanghai-based TZG Partners operate a luxury train service that will cross the Tibetan plateau. Custom carriages will need oxygen levels adjusted for the high altitude.
    (WSJ, 12/12/05, p.A17)
2005        Dec 10, In Dongzhou, China, residents of the southern village near Hong Kong described a tense standoff in the area with thousands of armed troops patrolling the perimeter and blocking anyone from leaving. Frightened villagers said they were either hunkering down at home or arguing with police, who are refusing to return the dead to their families. Police had opened fire on demonstrators there on Dec 6.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, China and Portugal vowed to boost their economic cooperation in resource-rich former Portuguese colonies in Africa as the premiers of the two nations attended a business conference in Lisbon.
    (AFP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, Egypt's justice minister announced that just 26% of registered voters cast ballots in the month-long parliamentary elections that ended this week. The low turnout reflected both voter apathy and fear of violence. The ruling party won 71% of the seats.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, The Petit Palais, a long forgotten gem among Paris museums, reopened after an $84 million renovation that has restored the full splendor of a structure originally built for the 1900 World's Fair.
    (AP, 12/08/05)
2005        Dec 10-2005 Dec 11, Hundreds of French youths smashed shop windows, ignited trash cans and pelted police with bottles through the night to protest against a ban on a rave party they planned in the western city of Rennes.
    (Reuters, 12/11/05)
2005        Dec 10, In, Georgetown, Guyana, the body of Hubert Daniel Thompson (55), an American consultant for the US government's overseas aid agency, was found in his hotel room. Police said they suspect homicide.
    (AP, 12/12/05)
2005        Dec 10, Miss Iceland, Unnur Birna Vilhjalmsdottir (21), an anthropology and law student and part-time policewoman, was crowned Miss World on the southern Chinese resort island of Hainan.
    (Reuters, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, Iran's top nuclear official said that his country will enrich uranium and produce nuclear fuel despite the U.S.-led international campaign to persuade it to abandon such ambitions.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, In Iraq 4 American soldiers were killed in separate attacks in the Baghdad area, the day kidnappers of four Christian peace activists set as a deadline for killing the hostages unless US and Iraqi authorities released all prisoners. North of Tikrit Egyptian engineer Mohammed Ibrahim al-Hilali (46) found dead after being snatched by gunmen a day earlier. One Iraqi soldier was killed and nine wounded in a bomb attack targeting an army patrol in the Sunni Arab town of Balad. In Mosul 2 civilians were killed and one wounded when a car bomb exploded as a US convoy rolled past.
    (AFP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, In Malaysia Australian Foreign Minister Alexander Downer signed the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia, which calls for signatories not to interfere in each other's internal affairs. The treaty was born within the 10-member ASEAN, which made signing the pact a condition for entry into next week's inaugural East Asian summit.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, Mexican police raided a house outside Mexico City, capturing two alleged kidnappers and rescuing three people, including an 8-year-old girl, who had been held for more than two months. Police detained Israel Vallarta, a Mexican, and Marie Louise Cassez Florence, a Frenchwoman. The two allegedly belonged to a gang called "The Zodiac," tied to at least 10 kidnappings and one murder. Florence Cassez was later sentenced to 60 years in prison for 3 kidnappings. In 2010 Florence Cassez released a book about her case. It describes a series of inconsistencies in the case that she says weren't taken into account.
    (AP, 12/10/05)(AP, 3/10/09)(AP, 9/23/10)
2005        Dec 10, Nigeria’s Sosoliso Airlines Flight 1145 carrying 110 passengers crashed while landing during a storm in the southern city of Port Harcourt. Some 107 people were killed including 71 children. The runway lights were off because the airport had not bought a generator.
    (AP, 12/10/05)(AFP, 12/12/05)(WSJ, 10/1/07, p.A1)
2005        Dec 10, In Norway Chief UN nuclear inspector Mohamed ElBaradei accepted the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize, sharing the award with his International Atomic Energy Agency for efforts to control the spread of nuclear weapons. The other Nobel Prizes were awarded in Sweden.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, Poland's PM Marcinkiewicz said that he has ordered a probe of allegations that the CIA ran secret prisons for terror suspects on Polish territory.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, In Russia a 24-hour, English-language, state-funded television channel went live from its Moscow studios, designed to broadcast news from a Russian perspective around the globe.
    (AP, 12/10/05)
2005        Dec 10, Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe conceded that shortcomings in his land redistribution program contributed to critical food shortages as his party wrapped up its annual conference.
    (AP, 12/11/05)
2005        Dec 10, Zimbabwe's ruling party recommended a crackdown on Western-sponsored groups hostile to President Robert Mugabe and asked security forces to make a list of people whose passports should be seized.
    (Reuters, 12/11/05)

2006        Dec 10, Boston opened its new $41 million Institute of Contemporary Art, designed by Diller Scofidio + Renfro architects.
    (SFC, 12/5/06, p.F3)
2006        Dec 10, The oil-rich Arab states on the Persian Gulf said that they will consider starting a joint nuclear program for peaceful purposes. The six-nation Gulf Cooperation Council included Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain and Oman.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 10, In Algeria assailants hurled a bomb and shot at two vehicles transporting employees in the town of Bouchaoui, 9 miles west of Algiers. The Salafist Group for Call and Combat, known by its French acronym GSPC, claimed responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 10, More than 3,000 firefighters battled some of Australia's worst wildfires in 70 years, as flames fanned by strong winds and searing temperatures destroyed one home and threatened dozens more.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 10, In Chile Gen. Augusto Pinochet (b.1915) died dashing hopes of victims of his regime's abuses that he would be brought to justice. He overthrew Chile's democratically elected Marxist president in a bloody coup and for 17 years.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 10, The military regime announced a crackdown on critics of Fiji's coup, just hours after a house that had become a rallying point for those wanting a return to democracy was ransacked by unknown assailants.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 10, Iraqi President Jalal Talabani said the Iraq Study Group report offered dangerous recommendations that would undermine his country's sovereignty and were "an insult to the people of Iraq." Gunmen killed nine members of two Shi'ite families in Baghdad. Omar Abdul-Sattar, a member of the Sunni Arab Iraqi Islamic Party, said that an organized effort was under way in the Hurriyah neighborhood of Baghdad to force Sunnis out. Anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr sharply criticized PM Nouri al-Maliki's government and once again demanded that all foreign troops leave the country.
    (AP, 12/10/06)(Reuters, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 10, Tenor Roberto Alagna walked out of a performance of Verdi's "Aida" at Italy's famed La Scala opera house when the audience booed his rendition of the aria "Celeste Aida."
    (AP, 12/10/07)
2006        Dec 10, Thousands of Hezbollah-led protesters gathered in downtown Beirut, demanding PM Fuad Saniora cede some power to the opposition or step down.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 10, Leonel Cota, president of the Democratic Revolution Party (PRD), Mexico's largest leftist party, led thousands of protesters in a march to the center Oaxaca, demanding the resignation of the state governor and the withdrawal of thousands of federal police.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 10, In Romania more than 6,000 inmates at 24 prisons took part in hunger strikes and other protests to demand amnesty and better living conditions.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 10, In Siberia 9 patients of a clinic for the mentally ill died in a fire.
    (AP, 12/10/06)
2006        Dec 10, In Sri Lanka some 3,000 civilians fled the northeast as heavy artillery duels over the last 2 days killed more than 110 people, including 41 civilians. 24 soldiers were killed and 69 wounded in artillery and mortar battle with the insurgents in the eastern Batticaloa district. 40 rebels were also killed.
    (AFP, 12/10/06)(AP, 12/11/06)

2007        Dec 10, A US judge sentenced former media mogul Conrad Black (63) to 6-1/2 years in prison for obstructing justice and defrauding shareholders in one-time newspaper publishing empire Hollinger International Inc., and ordered him to report to prison in 12 weeks. The Canadian-born member of Britain's House of Lords was found guilty in July of one count of obstructing justice and three counts of fraud. Co-defendants Jack Boultbee (64), former Hollinger chief financial officer, got 27 months and former vice president and general counsel Peter Atkinson (60) got 2 years for fraud.
    (Reuters, 12/11/07)
2007        Dec 10, Suspended NFL star Michael Vick was sentenced by a federal judge in Richmond, Va., to 23 months in prison for bankrolling a dogfighting operation and killing dogs that underperformed.
    (AP, 12/10/08)
2007        Dec 10, Madison Square Garden and New York Knicks coach Isaiah Thomas reached an $11.5 million settlement of a sexual harassment case brought by former team executive Anucha Browne Sanders.
    (AP, 12/10/08)
2007        Dec 10, Former Vice President Al Gore accepted the Nobel Peace Prize with a call for humanity to rise up against a looming climate crisis and stop waging war on the environment.
    (AP, 12/10/08)
2007        Dec 10, US commuters contended with treacherous roads from the southern Plains to the Northeast as a storm spread a coating of ice and freezing rain. The storm eventually was linked to 38 deaths including 21 in Oklahoma, 4 in Kansas and 3 each in Missouri and Michigan and one in Nebraska.
    (AP, 12/10/07)(AP, 12/13/07)(SFC, 12/12/07, p.A3)(SSFC, 12/16/07, p.A4)
2007        Dec 10, Seattle-based Washington Mutual said it will lay off over 3,000 workers and close 190 offices in response to loan losses in the mortgage market.
    (SFC, 12/10/07, p.B1)
2007        Dec 10, Afghan and international forces retook the southern town of Musa Qala, held by Taliban militants since February. A Taliban spokesman said the militants fled to avoid civilian and Taliban casualties. In Sangin district Afghan police clashed with a group of Taliban militants, leaving 15 militants dead and 11 others wounded. An Afghan army helicopter crashed in central Afghanistan because of bad weather, killing four people. British PM Gordon Brown stopped in at Camp Bastion, the main British camp in Helmand province.
    (AP, 12/10/07)(AFP, 12/10/07)
2007        Dec 10, Cristina Kirchner was sworn in as president of Argentina. Hector Febres (66), accused of kidnapping and torturing dissidents during Argentina's past military dictatorship, was found dead in his cell at a navy brig four days before an expected verdict in his high-profile case. On Dec 14 police detained the wife and two grown children of the former coast guard officer hours after an autopsy found cyanide in his blood.
    (WSJ, 12/8/07, p.A1)(AP, 12/14/07)
2007        Dec 10, Australia accepted seven asylum seekers from Myanmar as refugees as the country's new Labor government began unwinding tough immigration laws which force boatpeople into detention on Pacific island nations.
    (AP, 12/10/07)
2007        Dec 10, In London Led Zeppelin performed their first full concert in nearly three decades. Three surviving members, singer Robert Plant, guitarist Jimmy Page and bassist-keyboardist John Paul Jones, were joined by the late John Bonham's son Jason on drums.
    (AP, 12/11/07)
2007        Dec 10, Petro-Canada, Canada's third largest oil and gas company, signed a $7 billion deal with Libya's state-run National Oil Corp. to invest in exploration in the North African nation.
    (AP, 12/10/07)
2007        Dec 10, In Mississauga, Canada, Aqsa Parvez (16), who was said to have clashed with her father about whether she should wear a traditional Muslim head scarf, died of injuries, and her father told police he had killed her.
    (Reuters, 12/11/07)
2007        Dec 10, American blues guitarist "Philadelphia" Jerry Ricks (67), who mastered the sound of the 1930s' Delta Blues, died in a clinic in Croatia.
    (AP, 12/10/07)
2007        Dec 10, Cuba said it would sign an international agreement on civil and political rights while a few blocks away government supporters shoved and shouted down activists calling for improved human rights on the communist-run island.
    (AP, 12/11/07)
2007        Dec 10, Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said a 10-year program has begun to save endangered orangutans from extinction by protecting tropical jungle habitat from logging, mining and palm oil plantations. As many as 50,000 orangutans have been lost over the past 35 years due to shrinking habitat. As of January 2004, about 6,650 Sumatran orangutans and 55,000 Borneo orangutans remained in the wild.
    (AP, 12/10/07)
2007        Dec 10, In Baghdad mortar shells slammed into an Interior Ministry prison, killing at least seven inmates and wounding 23. A roadside bomb targeting a police patrol in eastern Baghdad killed one policeman and injured five other people. Gunmen on motorcycles fatally shot Dr. Ibrahim Mohammed Ajil, the head of Iraq's largest psychiatric hospital, as he was returning home from work. Iraqi security forces rounded up several Shiite militia fighters in raids targeting suspects in the assassination of a US-backed provincial police chief south of Baghdad. A fire broke out at one of Iraq's main oil refineries, but the US military said it was due to an industrial accident, not an attack. It was reported that some 1,217 people in Iraq’s northern Sulaymaniya province have been infected with cholera since late August.
    (AP, 12/10/07)(SFC, 12/10/07, p.A13)(AP, 12/11/07)
2007        Dec 10, Japanese drugmaker Eisai Co. said it will buy US biopharmaceutical company MGI Pharma Inc. for $3.9 billion in cash in a move aimed at boosting its cancer drug business and sustain sales growth.
    (AP, 12/10/07)
2007        Dec 10, Kosovo Albanian leaders said they will start immediate talks with Western backers towards an independence declaration as the EU came closer to unity in support of the province's drive to secede from Serbia. Thousands of wildly cheering pro-independence demonstrators marched through Pristina, as a sense of euphoria swept the breakaway province preparing to gain statehood early next year.
    (AP, 12/10/07)(AP, 12/11/07)
2007        Dec 10, Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi arrived on his first visit to France in 34 years, sparking protests from rights groups and criticism from the government's own human rights minister. Gadhafi got straight to business, cutting $14.7 billion in deals for arms and nuclear reactors on his first official visit to the West since renouncing terrorism and atomic weapons.
    (AFP, 12/10/07)(AP, 12/11/07)
2007        Dec 10, A suicide car bomber struck near a bus carrying children of Pakistani air force employees to school at a northern army base. At least five children were wounded.
    (AP, 12/10/07)
2007        Dec 10, Peru’s former President Alberto Fujimori faced trial on charges of using a death squad to kill leftist guerrillas and collaborators, a case stirring mixed emotions in a country where many admire him for defeating a bloody insurgency.
    (AP, 12/10/07)
2007        Dec 10, President Vladimir Putin threw his support behind first Deputy PM Dmitry Medvedev (b.1965) as his successor, saying that electing him president would keep Russia on the same course of the past eight years. Medvedev also served as chairman of AOA Gazprom, the state-controlled energy giant.
    (AP, 12/10/07)(WSJ, 12/11/07, p.A22)
2007        Dec 10, Swiss banking giant UBS AG said it will write off a further $10 billion on losses in the US subprime lending market and will raise capital by selling substantial stakes to Singapore and an unnamed investor in the Middle East.
    (AP, 12/10/07)

2008        Dec 10, Congressional officials said majority Democrats and the White House have finalized a deal to spend $15 billion on emergency loans for struggling US automakers.
    (AP, 12/10/08)
2008        Dec 10, The US proposed to track down Somali pirates not only at sea, but on land and in Somalian air space with cooperation from the African country's weak UN-backed government.
    (AP, 12/11/08)
2008        Dec 10, In southern Afghanistan 6 police and a civilian were killed when US-led forces targeting a Taliban commander bombed a police station in Zabul province.
    (AFP, 12/10/08)
2008        Dec 10, Anglo-Australian mining giant Rio Tinto said it will slash some 14,000 jobs globally to cut its debt by 10 billion US dollars as it battles falling prices and a global slowdown.
    (AFP, 12/10/08)
2008        Dec 10, In Australia Taha Abdul-Rahman of Sydney was jailed for 3½ years for buying seven rocket launchers stolen from the military between 2001 and 2003, most of which have never been recovered by authorities.
    (AFP, 12/10/08)
2008        Dec 10, British television broadcast a documentary of the assisted suicide of Craig Ewert (d.2006 at 59), a terminally ill American, as he died in Switzerland. The documentary, “Right to Die?," was made by Oscar-winning director John Zaritsky.
    (SFC, 12/11/08, p.A2)
2008        Dec 10, Sark, the English Channel Island that let only landowners vote for 450 years, held the first parliamentary election in its history.
    (AP, 12/10/08)
2008        Dec 10, The government of Cambodia and the UN agreed in principle to strengthen measures to prevent corruption among staff at the country's genocide tribunal.
    (AP, 12/10/08)
2008        Dec 10, The European Commission awarded the first Chaillot Prize to the Al-Nahda Philanthropic Society for Women, a Saudi charity which helps divorced and underprivileged women.
    (AFP, 12/10/08)
2008        Dec 10, Protesters attacked Athens' main courthouse with firebombs during a hearing for police officers whose shooting of a teenager set off rioting that appeared to be tapering off even as a general strike paralyzed the country.
    (AP, 12/10/08)
2008        Dec 10, Indonesia launched the Bali Democracy Forum to promote human rights and democracy. The forum was attended by foreign ministers from around 20 countries, with President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and Australian PM Kevin Rudd as co-chairs.
    (Econ, 2/19/11, p.43)(
2008        Dec 10, Israel agreed to allow the delivery of cash to banks in the Gaza Strip to ease a cash crunch that has badly hobbled the economy of the blockaded Palestinian territory.
    (AP, 12/10/08)
2008        Dec 10, In Italy a bumper harvest was expected to push wine production above that of neighboring France for the first time in a decade, making Italy the world's largest wine producer.
    (AP, 12/10/08)
2008        Dec 10, Police in Jamaica said armed gangs wrestling for control of 2 communities near the capital have forced over 200 people from their homes.
    (SFC, 12/11/08, p.A4)
2008        Dec 10, In Mexico a shootout between rival gangs killed 10 people in Sinaloa state, home of the powerful cartel of the same name. US security consultant Felix Batista was kidnapped in Saltillo, Coahuila state, while there to offer advice on how to confront abductions for ransom. He claimed to have helped resolve nearly 100 kidnap and ransom cases.
    (AP, 12/11/08)(AP, 12/15/08)
2008        Dec 10, In Romania Theodor Stolojan (65), former World Bank economist, was chosen to become the next prime minister. On Dec 15 Stolojan renounced the job and was replaced by Emil Boc (42), the leader of the same centrist Democratic Liberal Party.
    (SFC, 12/11/08, p.A4)(AP, 12/15/08)
2008        Dec 10, In Saudi Arabia Muslims poured into Mecca for a final day of the hajj.
    (AP, 12/10/08)
2008        Dec 10, In northern Sri Lanka separatist Tamil rebels fought intense battles against government forces trying to advance on the militants' de facto capital, killing at least 89 soldiers. The military disputed the death toll, saying pitched battles in the north over the past two days had left 20 soldiers and 27 rebels dead.
    (AP, 12/11/08)
2008        Dec 10, The Nobel Prizes were awarded in twin ceremonies in Stockholm and Oslo.
    (AP, 12/10/08)
2008        Dec 10, The death toll from Zimbabwe's cholera outbreak soared to nearly 800 and a court ordered police to find a missing rights activist, piling more pressure on President Robert Mugabe's government.
    (Reuters, 12/10/08)

2009        Dec 10, In California the Assembly’s Democratic Caucus selected openly gay Latino Democrat John Perez from Los Angeles as the lower house’s leader. He was expected to be voted in as the 68th Assembly speaker in January.
    (SFC, 12/11/09, p.A1)
2009        Dec 10, In SF police arrested 25 protesters a day after students barricaded themselves inside the business school of San Francisco State Univ. to protest fee hikes and budget cuts at the state’s public universities.
    (SFC, 12/11/09, p.C2)
2009        Dec 10, In the SF Bay Area BART directors approved a 3.2 mile people mover connection to the Oakland Airport. $440 million in contracts were approved with a target date as soon as 2013.
    (SFC, 12/11/09, p.C1)
2009        Dec 10, Pennsylvania police charged Alfonso Frank Frazetta (52) with theft, burglary and trespass after he was caught loading artwork into his trailer and SUV. He had used a backhoe to break into a museum owned by his father, fantasy artist Frank Frazetta (b.1928) loading artwork.
    (SFC, 12/11/09, p.A11)
2009        Dec 10, A consortium including Google and KDDI Corp signed a deal to build and operate an international undersea cable system, estimated to cost $400 million. Globe Telecom, part owned by Singapore Telecommunications Ltd, and units of Bharti Airtel and Reliance Communications were also part of the consortium.
    (Reuters, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, US researchers reported that they have developed a less toxic transplant procedure using bone marrow transplants to cure sickle cell disease in adults.
    (SFC, 12/10/09, p.A22)
2009        Dec 10, The US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reported that nearly 10,000 people have died from H1N1 influenza through Nov 14. Over 200,000 people were reported to have been hospitalized since the beginning of the pandemic 7 months earlier. 50 million America were estimated to have contacted the disease.
    (SFC, 12/11/09, p.A21)
2009        Dec 10, In southeastern Australia more than 120 wildfires fanned by high winds and soaring temperatures raged, prompting emergency warnings for several towns.
    (AP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, Egyptian security officials said a project is under way along the Gaza border to stem smuggling into the Palestinian territory through underground tunnels. A border guard with Hamas' Gaza rulers said the Egyptians are digging during the day and putting sheets of metal into the trenches at night.
    (AP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, Iraq’s PM Nuri al-Maliki accused rivals of stoking political rows that have put security at risk, as US Defense Secretary Robert Gates arrived on a surprise visit. One US soldier died of injuries unrelated to combat.
    (AFP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, Ichiro Ozawa, Japan’s “shadow shogun," flew 645 people in 5 airplanes, including 143 members of the DPJ, to meet with China’s Premier Hu Jintao.
    (Econ, 12/19/09, p.75)
2009        Dec 10, In Libya a foundation run by Moamer Kadhafi's son, Seif al-Islam, published a new report cataloguing an array of cases of torture, wrongful imprisonment and other abuses. The publication of the Kadhafi Foundation's human rights report, its first since it was set up in 1999, came just two days before New York-based watchdog Human Rights Watch is due to bring out its own report on Libya.
    (AFP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, In Mexico 2 federal agents were killed in a shootout with gunmen in the port city of Lazaro Cardenas. Earlier in the day, a passer-by was killed in the same city when he drove into a shootout between agents and gunmen outside a hotel where the federal police officers were staying. Three more officers who had been wounded last evening in an attack in the town of Apatzingan died at a hospital.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 10, North Korea agreed to accept medicine from South Korea to fight an outbreak of swine flu, in a development that could improve relations between the nations after a deadly maritime clash.
    (AP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, In Oslo, Norway, President Barack Obama accepted the Nobel Peace Prize, acknowledging his own few accomplishments while delivering a robust defense of war and promising to use the prestigious award to "reach for the world that ought to be."
    (AP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, Abdullah Abu Rahmeh (38), a teacher and leader of the most persistent Palestinian protest movement against Israel's West Bank separation barrier, was arrested by Israeli troops in a pre-dawn raid.
    (AFP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 10, In Paraguay an appeals court overturned the corruption conviction and prison sentence for former president Luis Gonzalez Macchi, drawing criticism from the current government. Macchi had been sentenced to eight years in prison for stashing $370,000 in a secret Swiss bank account during his term.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 10, In the Philippines gunmen abducted 65 students and teacher from a school in San Martin village on Mindanao island. Suspected bandits trying to evade police serving arrest warrants abducted dozens of villagers and were still holding 57 hostages after releasing all the schoolchildren they had seized.
    (AFP, 12/10/09)(AP, 12/10/09)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.48)
2009        Dec 10, South Africa said it has suspended dozens of immigration officials being investigated for giving South African citizenship to foreigners, mainly from Pakistan.
    (AP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, In South Africa the Industrial Development Corporation of South Africa (IDC) said it has approved a 10-million-dollar grant to fund the expansion of Zimbabwe's Freda Rebecca gold mine.
    (AFP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, In Sudan gunmen in Nyala, western Darfur, shot and killed Hassan Tageddine Hassan al-Helw of the ruling National Congress Party along with 2 others in his car.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 10, In Tanzania an undersea cable to the archipelago of Zanzibar failed. The government vowed to have it restored by Feb 20, 2010.
    (SSFC, 1/24/10, p.M3)
2009        Dec 10, In Thailand thousands of red-shirted supporters of former Thai PM Thaksin Shinawatra flooded back into the streets of Bangkok in an attempt to step up pressure on the embattled government.
    (AFP, 12/10/09)
2009        Dec 10, In Turkey an explosion caused the collapse of an underground chamber of a coal mine, killing 19 workers in western Bursa province.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 10, Uganda's parliament approved a bill banning female genital mutilation.
    (AP, 12/11/09)
2009        Dec 10, In Venezuela Judge Maria Afiuni was jailed on charges of corruption and abuse of power for freeing a high-profile banker while he awaited trial. An angry President Hugo Chavez demanded she be kept in a cell for the maximum sentence, 30 years.
    (AP, 12/15/09)

2010        Dec 10, US Deputy Energy Secretary Daniel Poneman said that the framework pact — known as the 123 agreement because its requirements are set in section 123 of the US Atomic Energy Act — would help boost nonproliferation efforts and create new business opportunities. The deal did not require congressional approval, but Congress could have rejected it within 90 days of continuous session — a period that elapsed Dec 9 without a vote of disapproval.
    (AP, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, It was reported that the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is missing key information on who owns one-third of the 357,000 private and commercial aircraft in the US, a gap the agency fears could be exploited by terrorists and drug traffickers.
    (AP, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, The US Navy completed its latest test of an electromagnetic rail gun at the naval Surface Warfare Center in Dahlgren, Va. The gun generated a record 33 megajoules of force out of the barrel and sent a 20-pound slug of aluminum at 7 times the speed of sound. The electric gun was able to send a projectile over 100 miles.
    (SFC, 12/15/10, p.A17)
2010        Dec 10, It was reported that the United States is concerned that Mozambique could become a narco-state because of close ties between drug smugglers and the nation's government, according to US Embassy cables released by WikiLeaks.
    (AP, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, In NYC Nicholas Brooks (24), the son of an Oscar-winning songwriter, was arrested on charges of attempted murder and strangulation in the death of fashion designer Sylvie Cachay (33), who was discovered around 3 a.m. the previous day at the Soho House hotel. Brooks' Academy Award-winning father, Joseph Brooks (72), is awaiting trial in an unrelated case. He was accused of raping 11 women he lured to his apartment with the promise of a starring role in a movie. He has pleaded not guilty to sexual assault charges and is free on bail.
    (AP, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, In Afghanistan, in recognition of International Human Rights Day, several hundred demonstrators, some holding photographs of victims of three decades of war, shouted for justice and peace in Kabul, just hours before a suicide car bomber blew himself up in Nangarhar province, killing two civilians. In the south a NATO service member was killed by a roadside bomb. 15 civilians were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in Helmand province.
    (AP, 12/10/10)(Reuters, 12/11/10)
2010        Dec 10, Algerian troops killed 10 Islamist rebels in the eastern Kabylie region known as a stronghold of Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).
    (Reuters, 12/11/10)
2010        Dec 10, Australia's attorney general declared 45 communities along the country's east coast disaster areas, following weeks of drenching rains that have submerged homes, destroyed crops and killed four people.
    (AP, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, Bolivia enacted a law lowering the country’s retirement age to 58. The current retirement age was 65 for men and 60 for women.
    (SFC, 12/11/10, p.A2)
2010        Dec 10, The Brazilian government said gay couples in stable relationships are entitled the same social security pension benefits enjoyed by heterosexual couples.
    (SFC, 12/11/10, p.A2)
2010        Dec 10, China's central bank raised the amount of money the country's lenders must keep on reserve for the third time in a month, following a spate of robust data that strengthened the case for policy tightening.
    (Reuters, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, Police in Croatia issued an international arrest warrant overnight for former PM Ivo Sanader, who left the country just as it became clear that prosecutors wanted him investigated and detained on corruption charges. Sanader was arrested on an international warrant in Austria.
    (AP, 12/10/10)(AP, 12/11/10)
2010        Dec 10, EU banking supervisors agreed on finalized mandatory guidelines for awarding bank bonuses, saying key requirements can be "neutralized" for less risky firms and staff.
    (Reuters, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, A German battalion in a French-German military brigade officially took up arms at a ceremony in eastern France attended by the two countries' defense ministers. This was the first time since World War II that German combat troops were stationed in France, part of a conscious effort to show the two EU powers have forever buried former hatreds.
    (AP, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, Guinea lifted a state of emergency in a sign of rising stability since elections marred by street violence. The African Union confirmed that it has lifted sanctions against Guinea following the country's presidential election.
    (AP, 12/10/10)(Reuters, 12/11/10)
2010        Dec 10, Indonesian police arrested Abu Tholut (42), one of the country's most-wanted Muslim militants, accusing him of plotting high-profile assassinations and bloody attacks on foreigners at luxury hotels in the capital. Tholut identified four more militants. Anwar Effendi, Wardi, Sukirno, and Sri Puji Mulyo Siswanto were suspected of concealing information about terrorism and of hiding Tholut. All 4 were arrested by the next day.
    (AP, 12/10/10)(AP, 12/14/10)
2010        Dec 10, Sakineh Mohammedi Ashtiani, an Iranian woman sentenced to death by stoning for adultery, confessed to helping a man kill her husband and re-enacted the alleged crime in an interview broadcast by Iranian state television, an apparent effort by the government to deflect international criticism over the case.
    (AP, 12/11/10)
2010        Dec 10, In Jordan fans of rival soccer teams clashed after a match, injuring 250 people in violence that pointed to the deep divisions between the nation's native Bedouin clans and its Palestinians.
    (AP, 12/11/10)
2010        Dec 10, Police in Indian-controlled Kashmir arrested a college lecturer on charges he gave his students an English exam filled with questions attacking India's crackdown on demonstrations in the disputed region. The exam written by Noor Mohammed Bhat and administered to students across the region on Dec 8 included questions such as, "Are the stone pelters real heroes? Discuss."
    (AP, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, In Mexico a gunbattle between rival gangs left 11 people dead during a Virgin of Guadalupe celebration in the western town of Tecalitlan.
    (AP, 12/12/10)
2010        Dec 10, Mexico scrambled to break an impasse between rich and poor nations over future cuts in greenhouse gas emissions as 190-nation climate talks went down to the wire.
    (Reuters, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, A Moldova court ordered a recount in the inconclusive national election after the Communist Party complained of "massive irregularities" in the Nov 28 vote.
    (AP, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, Dignitaries in Norway celebrated this year's Nobel Peace Prize winner, imprisoned Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo, with an empty chair.  Xiaobo, derided by Beijing as a political farce, dedicated it from his prison cell to the "lost souls" of the 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown.
    (AP, 12/10/10)(Reuters, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, In Pakistan a suicide attacker drove a vehicle packed with explosives into a hospital for Shiite Muslims that was under construction in the northwest, killing at least 10 people. A missile fired from a US drone destroyed a vehicle in the Mir Ali town of North Waziristan, killing at least four suspected militants.
    (AP, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, Leading Pakistani newspapers acknowledged they were hoaxed after publishing reports based on fake WikiLeaks cables that contain crude anti-Indian propaganda.
    (AP, 12/11/10)
2010        Dec 10, Panama’s President Ricardo Martinelli said he will declare a national state of emergency allowing the government to mobilize more resources for affected areas. Heavy rains and flooding in Panama have killed 10 people and forced more than 4,700 from their homes.
    (AP, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, Philippine President Benigno Aquino III ordered prosecutors to drop criminal charges against 43 health workers arrested by the army as suspected communist rebels 10 months ago, saying their rights were violated.
    (AP, 12/10/10) 
2010        Dec 10, A Serbian court acquitted 10 men charged with helping Ratko Mladic, Europe's most wanted fugitive, evade arrest on genocide charges before a UN war crimes court.
    (AP, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, Serbia reversed its boycott of the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony honoring imprisoned Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo after facing sharp criticism from the EU and human rights activists at home.
    (AP, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, Somali pirates hijacked the MV Panama just east of the Tanzania-Mozambique border, making it one of the most southerly attacks Somali pirates have pulled off. All 23 crew members were from Myanmar.
    (AP, 12/10/10)
2010        Dec 10, In Sweden a court convicted two men linked to the al Shabaab militant group for conspiracy to commit a terrorist act and sentenced them to four years jail.
    (AP, 12/13/10)
2010        Dec 10, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said he will ask his congressional allies to again grant him special powers to enact laws by decree.
    (AP, 12/10/10)

2011        Dec 10, In Massachusetts police swept through Dewey Square tearing down tents of the Occupy Boston encampment and arrested dozens of protesters.
    (SSFC, 12/11/11, p.A11)
2011        Dec 10, In Missouri Marvin Rice (44), a former rural sheriff's deputy, was suspected of killing his ex-wife and her new boyfriend before leading officers on a high-speed chase that ended with a shootout at an upscale hotel hosting a Christmas party for hundreds of doctors, nurses and their families. Rice was in fair condition at a Columbia hospital after being wounded in the shootout.
    (AP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 10, In Afghanistan a bicycle bomb killed at least two people, including a member of the peace council, and left 16 wounded when it exploded in Kunduz city. 3 people were killed in Kandahar province when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Benin's justice minister denounced the country's judiciary as one of the most corrupt sectors in the country.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, British police said the final number of victims of phone hacking by Rupert Murdoch's News of the World will be around 800 people, far fewer than originally thought.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Police in London arrested 143 people during an angry demonstration by up to 500 people against the re-election of President Joseph Kabila in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Bob Diamond, the chief executive of Barclays bank, described in a published interview how he has introduced a "no jerks rule" to weed out bankers he considers too greedy or ostentatious. He also said pay for investment bankers at Barclays will be lower this year but the actual level has yet to be set.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)(Reuters, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, It was reported that British researchers have successfully treated 6 patients suffering from the blood clotting disease known as hemophilia B, by injecting them with the correct form of the defective gene, Factor IX.
    (SSFC, 12/11/11, p.A5)
2011        Dec 10, In China 9 people were killed and seven seriously injured in the far west region of Xinjiang when a long-distance bus collided with a heavy-duty truck.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, CongoDRC police in Kinshasa prowled opposition neighborhoods rounding up young men, who were seen being dragged out of their homes and shoved into waiting cars. Congo's police chief said at least four people have been killed in the recent postelection violence. Observers with the Atlanta-based Carter Center said that there is growing evidence of possible vote suppression in parts of the country favorable to the opposition, and vote inflation in regions known to support Kabila.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, In Germany a man dressed as Santa drugged a girl (15) at a Berlin Christmas market. 9 other people at various Berlin Christmas markets have fallen prey to similar attack.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 10, Indonesian police in Aceh, the country's most conservative province, raided a punk-rock concert and detained 65 fans, buzzing off their spiky mohawks and stripping away body piercings because of the perceived threat to Islamic values.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 10, In Iraq a spate of gun and bomb attacks across northern and central Iraq killed seven people and left four others wounded.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Israeli warplanes attacked Gaza and militants fired four rockets at southern Israel in return.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, In Libya the army chief of staff, Gen. Khalifa Hifter, was in a convoy traveling from his home in Tripoli to the military headquarters when a group of armed men at a fake checkpoint tried to stop them. Soldiers arrested two gunmen. Fighters from the western mountain town of Zintan, who control Tripoli's international airport, opened fire on two occasions on the convoy of Gen. Khalifa Hifter. The Zintan fighters blamed the violence on the army's failure to notify them that the general was coming.
    (AP, 12/10/11)(AP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 10, In Mexico armed men holed up in a building in the city of Valle Hermoso opened fire on the troops. The army patrol later seized the building, finding 11 dead gunmen and 73 rifles inside. Two suspects were arrested.
    (AP, 12/12/11)
2011        Dec 10, In Mexico a magnitude-6.5 earthquake struck western Guerrero state, shaking buildings and causing panic in the nation's capital and the Pacific resort of Acapulco. Officials said at least three people died.
    (AP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 10, In central Nigeria 3 bomb attacks, blamed on the feared Boko Haram radical sect, killed one person and wounded 11 others in Jos.
    (AP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 10, The deputy chief of the Pakistani Taliban announced that the militant group was in peace talks with the government and an agreement to end its brutal four-year insurgency was within striking distance.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, In central Pakistan at least 13 people, including three children, were killed and another 15 injured when a road collision led to a gas cylinder explosion.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, In the Philippines a four-seater cargo plane crashed onto a crowded Manila slum, sparking a fire that killed 13 people and left five missing and at least another 20 injured.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Tens of thousands of Muscovites thronged to a square across the river from the Kremlin to protest alleged electoral fraud and urge an end to PM Vladimir Putin's rule, demands repeated at other rallies across this vast country in the largest public show of discontent in post-Soviet Russia.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Saudi Arabia’s Okaz newspaper reported that a man convicted of raping his daughter has been sentenced to receive 2,080 lashes over the course of a 13-year prison term. A court in Mecca found the man guilty of raping his teenage daughter for seven years while under the influence of drugs.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, In South Africa a day after their scheduled close, UN climate talks fought against despondency as 194 countries grappled for a deal to tame greenhouse gases. Research presented at Durban said the world is on track for a 3.5 C (6.3 F) rise, a likely recipe for droughts, floods, storms and rising sea levels that will threaten tens of millions.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, South Africa's ruling African National Congress offered to help President Robert Mugabe's ruling ZANU-PF win the next elections in neighboring Zimbabwe.
    (AFP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 10, In central South Africa the driver of an overloaded van lost control, veered into the oncoming lane and collided with a truck, leaving 30 people dead.
    (AP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Syrian activists said 9 civilians were killed by the security forces in the flashpoint regions of Homs, Daraa and Idlib. World powers piled pressure on Syria to allow observers to monitor spiraling deadly violence as activists condemned rights violations on this anniversary of International Human Rights Day.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Tunisia's constituent assembly adopted a provisional constitution that will allow the north African country to name a government, a month and a half after its first post-revolution election.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)
2011        Dec 10, Yemen's national unity government, led by the opposition, was sworn in to lead a three-month transition period until early elections are held and President Ali Abdullah Saleh formally steps down. The new 34-member cabinet, headed by PM Mohammed Basindawa, will carry out its duties until February elections. Then Vice President Abdrabuh Mansur Hadi will take over the presidency for an interim two-year period. Thousands of protesters marched in Taez, demanding Saleh be tried. al-Qaida-linked militants attacked a military barracks in Zinjibar overnight, leaving two soldiers and 11 militants dead.
    (AFP, 12/10/11)(AP, 12/10/11)

2012        Dec 10, A study, from the International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) said atheists and other religious skeptics suffer persecution or discrimination in many parts of the world and in at least seven nations can be executed if their beliefs become known. IHEU said it was issuing the report to mark the UN's Human Rights Day.
    (AP, 12/10/12)
2012        Dec 10, In Afghanistan a Taliban bombing killed the Afghan provincial police chief of Nimroz province. Gunmen fatally shot and killed Najia Sediqi, the official in charge of women's affairs for the eastern Laghman province. In the south a NATO service member was killed in a bomb attack.
    (AP, 12/10/12)
2012        Dec 10, Australian radio announcers Mel Greig and Michael Christian, who made a Dec 4 prank call to a British hospital treating Prince William's pregnant wife Kate, broke a three-day silence to speak of their distress at the apparent suicide of nurse Jacintha Saldanha. Saldanha (46) was found dead in staff accommodation near London's King Edward VII hospital on Dec 7 after putting the hoax call through to a colleague who unwittingly disclosed details of Kate's morning sickness to 2DayFM's presenters.
    (Reuters, 12/10/12)
2012        Dec 10, PM Cameron said Britain will be the first country to introduce a database of genetic sequences into a mainstream health service, giving doctors a more advanced understanding of a patient's illness and what drugs and other treatments they need.
    (Reuters, 12/10/12)
2012        Dec 10, The UK's Ministry of Defence said it has awarded a 1.2 billion-pound ($1.92 billion) submarine contract to British defense contractor BAE Systems.
    (Reuters, 12/10/12)
2012        Dec 10, Britain’s Standard Chartered PLC agreed to pay a fine of $327 million on top of an earlier $340 million penalty over money-laundering allegations by American regulators.
    (Econ, 12/15/12, p.73)
2012        Dec 10, It was reported that a Bangladesh war crimes tribunal has accused The Economist magazine of hacking the computer of its presiding judge to record conversations and read e-mails he exchanged with a lawyer regarding charges related to its 1971 war of independence.
    (SFC, 12/10/12, p.A2)(Econ, 12/15/12, p.41)
2012        Dec 10, The Egyptian military assumed joint responsibility with the police for security and protecting state institutions until the results of a Dec 15 constitutional referendum are announced.
    (AP, 12/10/12)
2012        Dec 10, EU foreign ministers approved the concept of an EU training mission for an attempt by Malian and other African troops to deprive the Islamists of a haven and training sites in north Mali.
    (AP, 12/11/12)
2012        Dec 10, Germany said it has expelled four employees of the Syrian embassy in Berlin in a diplomatic move to put pressure on the regime of President Bashar Assad.
    (AP, 12/10/12)
2012        Dec 10, Iran's Revolutionary Guard said it has decoded all of the data from a RQ-170 Sentinel craft, an advanced CIA spy drone captured in Dec 2011.
    (AP, 12/10/12)
2012        Dec 10, Jordan's King Abdullah II ordered the release of 116 protesters jailed for their involvement in last month's violent rallies against hikes in fuel prices.
    (AP, 12/11/12)
2012        Dec 10, Traffic began moving over border crossings between Kosovo and Serbia.
    (Econ, 12/15/12, p.53)
2012        Dec 10, In Mali soldiers arrested PM Cheikh Modibo Diarra and ordered him to resign, showing that the military is still the real power. Longtime civil servant Django Cissoko was chosen as the new prime minister in the transitional government, first set up after the military coup in March.
    (AP, 12/11/12)(AP, 12/12/12)(Econ, 12/15/12, p.49)
2012        Dec 10, In northwestern Pakistan Taliban militants armed with a rocket, hand grenades and automatic weapons attacked a police station killing six people in Bannu, a gateway to the North Waziristan.
    (AP, 12/10/12)
2012        Dec 10, South Africa said its diplomats have signed an agreement with Vietnam to try and halt the trade of horns taken from poached rhinoceros.
    (AP, 12/11/12)
2012        Dec 10, In South Africa heavy rains caused a bridge to collapse, killing 14 people in Mpumalanga province.
    (AP, 12/11/12)
2012        Dec 10, Syrian rebels killed 13 soldiers in an ambush near a strategic northern town along a road linking Aleppo with Damascus.
    (AP, 12/10/12)

2013        Dec 10, Key members of the US Congress reached a modest budget agreement to restore $63 billion in automatic cuts from programs ranging from parks to the Pentagon.
    (SFC, 12/11/13, p.A8)
2013        Dec 10, Five American financial regulators approved the Volcker rule. It prohibits deposit taking banks from trading on their own account.
    (Econ, 12/14/13, p.21)
2013        Dec 10, Fresh winter snow moved into the US mid-Atlantic region, shutting schools and offices in the nation's capital and elsewhere as the mid-section of the country remained in the grip of Arctic air.
    (Reuters, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, In northern Argentina 7 people died overnight in looting sparked by a police strike. At least 10 deaths were blamed on police since their job action began a week ago.
    (AFP, 12/10/13)(SFC, 12/12/13, p.A2)
2013        Dec 10, China's cabinet, the State Council, announced that it was removing 82 powers from a number of central government ministries, including the powerful National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Environmental Protection. The Ministry of Human Resources said the retirement age, currently at 60 for men and 55 for female white collar workers, would be gradually raised.
    (Reuters, 12/10/13)(SSFC, 12/15/13, p.A20)
2013        Dec 10, In China a dozen residents of Wuhan, Hubei province, drank pesticide in Beijing to protest the demolition of their homes. All 12 survived and were treated for poisoning.
    (SFC, 12/12/13, p.A6)
2013        Dec 10, In Egypt police fired tear gas to prevent students of the Islamic Al-Azhar University from taking protests outside their campus, in the third straight day of unrest there.
    (AP, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, French businessman Jean-Claude Ma, who sold tens of thousands of breast implants filled with industrial-grade silicone and prone to leaks, was convicted of fraud and sentenced to the maximum four years in prison.
    (AP, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, Two French soldiers were killed in overnight fighting in the Central African Republic, France's first casualties in an operation to restore stability in its former colony.
    (Reuters, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed 11 people and wounded 19 at the Abu Idris shrine in Baquba.
    (AFP, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, In Jamaica the Caribbean Community Reparations Commission identified eight nations that should work with regional governments to address slavery reparations. Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Spain and Sweden were added to a list that already included Britain, France and the Netherlands.
    (SFC, 12/11/13, p.A2)
2013        Dec 10, In Kenya gunmen killed 8 people including 5 policemen and wounded at least two others in an ambush in the Garissa region close to war-torn Somalia.
    (AFP, 12/10/13)(AFP, 12/15/13)
2013        Dec 10, In Kuwait leaders of the six-nation Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) gathered for a 2-day meeting to discuss plans to boost economic integration as well as defence and security coordination.
    (AFP, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, Mexican authorities said police have arrested a man accused of ordering and participating in the murders of more than 200 people, including kidnap victims, rival gang members and drug dealers. Felipe Viveros Garcia (30) was detained in the western state of Jalisco along with two other suspects, Jose Bernabe Lopez Alcaraz (43) and Froylan Barrera Morales (40).
    (AFP, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin ordered the military to step up its presence in the Arctic after Canada signalled its intention to claim the North Pole and surrounding waters.
    (AFP, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, A Saudi court jailed an Al-Qaeda-linked jihadist for 16 years for plotting to kill the kingdom's grand mufti, Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah al-Sheikh, and other clerics. The sentence which includes 40 lashes and a 16-year travel ban.
    (AFP, 12/11/13)
2013        Dec 10, In Singapore the US and 11 other nations negotiating a free trade zone stretching from Chile to Japan failed to reach a final agreement, but indicated they were closing in on a landmark Trans-Pacific Partnership.
    (AP, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, Singapore filed charges against 24 Indian nationals who allegedly took part in its first riot for over 40 years, as officials and activists warned against inciting racial hatred over the incident.
    (AFP, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, In South Africa world leaders, family, friends and thousands of mourners paid tribute to South Africa's anti-apartheid icon Nelson Mandela. Thousands attending the commemoration booed and jeered President Jacob Zuma. President Barack Obama was cheered and shook hands with Cuban President Raul Castro in a simple gesture stoked talk of a possible rapprochement between the leaders of two Cold War foes.
    (AP, 12/10/13)(Reuters, 12/11/13)
2013        Dec 10, Nobel Prize winners collected their awards in Sweden amd Norway.
    (AP, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, Syrian government troops pounded a rebel stronghold near the Lebanese border, with airstrikes and artillery hitting Yabroud in the mountainous region where they believe opposition fighters are holding a group of nuns. In the north fighters belonging to rival Islamic rebel groups battled each other, killing at least 12.
    (AP, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, Thai PM Yingluck Shinawatra pleaded for anti-government protesters to clear the streets after she called a snap election, but protests leaders said she should step down within 24 hours. Elections were scheduled for Feb 2.
    (Reuters, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, Officials in Istanbul, Turkey, said they plan to introduce floating car parks to try to resolve the chronic traffic problems. They will use out-of-service ferries anchored in the Bosphorus to create multi-storey lots near traffic hotspots.
    (AFP, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, In Ukraine about 2,000 pro-Europe protesters huddled by braziers in their main tented camp in snowbound Kiev, in defiance of riot police who herded them away from government buildings overnight.
    (Reuters, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, The UN said it would for the first time begin airlifting food and other aid items across the border from Iraq to Syria after receiving the go-ahead from both governments.
    (AFP, 12/10/13)
2013        Dec 10, The UN command and Congolese troops launched an offensive in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo against against the FDLR (Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda), a Rwandan rebel group linked to the 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 12/11/13)  
2013        Dec 10, Uruguay gave congressional approval for the legalization of marijuana. President Jose Mujica was expected to sign it.
    (AP, 12/11/13)

2014        Dec 10, Pres. Obama announced $1 billion in private-public spending on programs for young learners.
    (SFC, 12/11/14, p.A7)
2014        Dec 10, The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists named Disney and Koch Industries, an energy and chemical conglomerate, as among 35 big companies it said had been seeking secret tax deals in Luxembourg.
    (AP, 12/10/14)
2014        Dec 10, US military officials said the United States and partner nations have launched 20 airstrikes against Islamic State militants in recent days with seven strikes in Syria and led 13 strikes in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 12/10/14)
2014        Dec 10, Detroit formally emerged from court protection, ending the largest municipal bankruptcy in US history.
    (SFC, 12/11/14, p.A11)
2014        Dec 10, Missouri inmate Paul Goodwin (48) was executed for the fatal beating and sexual assault of Joan Crotts (63) in 1998. Goodwin reportedly had an IQ of 73.
    (SFC, 12/11/14, p.A11)
2014        Dec 10, Brazil’s National Truth Commission delivered a damning report on the killings, disappearances and acts of torture committed by government agents during the country’s 1964-1985 military dictatorship.
    (SFC, 12/11/14, p.A3)
2014        Dec 10, The British Scouting Association apologized after revealing that 48 sexual abuse lawsuits had been made since the movement started in 1907, 36 of which had been brought since October 2012.
    (AFP, 12/11/14)
2014        Dec 10, In China authorities in Urumqi, the capital of the restive western region of Xinjiang, introduced a law banning veiled robes in public amid measures taken by Beijing to curb Muslim extremism. The new law was passed by the Urumqi legislature's standing committee but needs endorsement at the regional level before going into effect.
    (AP, 12/11/14)
2014        Dec 10, China General Nuclear Power, established in 1994, floated shares on the Hong Kong stock exchange. Shares in China's largest nuclear power producer surged almost 20 percent on its debut.
    (Econ, 12/6/14, p.18)(
2014        Dec 10, A group of Gambian diplomats were jailed after being found guilty of running a huge tax-dodging tobacco operation out of the Gambian embassy in London. Yusupha Bojang (54), was identified as the ringleader of the operation, ordering half-a-million packets of tax-free rolling tobacco over three years and selling it out of the west London building.
    (AFP, 12/10/14)
2014        Dec 10, Ralph Giordano (b.1923), a German writer and Holocaust survivor who spoke out against anti-Semitism and the far right, and later became a prominent critic of Germany's failure to integrate Muslim immigrants, died. Giordano was known for his autobiographical 1982 novel "The Bertinis" and 22 other books.
    (AP, 12/10/14)
2014        Dec 10, India's government said that it was decriminalizing suicide attempts, which earlier were punishable by up to a year in prison.
    (AP, 12/10/14)
2014        Dec 10, In Iraq a suicide car bomb killed 9 Shiite militiamen in an attack near the Iraqi city of Tikrit. A series of attacks in and near Baghdad, including one involving a suicide bomber driving a tanker truck, killed at least 15 people.
    (AFP, 12/10/14)(AP, 12/10/14)
2014        Dec 10, The Irish Parliament adopted a nonbinding resolution supporting an independent Palestine.
    (, 12/12/14, p.A2)
2014        Dec 10, Israeli ecologists said it could take years to clean up a massive oil spill that flooded the Evrona desert reserve with up to five million liters of crude and threatened to spread to the Red Sea shore and neighboring Jordan. The breached pipeline started spewing oil a week ago.
    (AP, 12/10/14)
2014        Dec 10, In Italy police in Perugia launched Operation Fourth Step against the “Ndrangheta, the mafia from Calabria. 61 people were arrested.
    (Econ, 12/13/14, p.55)
2014        Dec 10, Japanese prosecutors charged a 68-year-old woman with murder, weeks after she was arrested on suspicion of poisoning her husband, one of at least six men who have died while in a relationship with her over the past 20 years. Chisako Kakehi has denied responsibility for the deaths.
    (AP, 12/10/14)
2014        Dec 10, In western Madagascar 2 people died in violence at a Chinese-run sugar refinery. A part of the refinery was destroyed in unrest sparked by a dispute over contracts for seasonal workers and wages for full-time staff.
    (AFP, 12/11/14)
2014        Dec 10, A Maldives government official said water supply in the capital, cut by a fire last week in its only treatment plant, won't be fully restored until next week.
    (AP, 12/10/14)
2014        Dec 10, In northeastern Mali Ahmed el Tilemsi, a leader of the Mourabitoune militant group, was killed in an evening operation conducted by French and Malian forces near the town of Gao. About 10 militants in total were "neutralized" during the sweep.
    (AP, 12/11/14)
2014        Dec 10, Mauritians voted in parliamentary elections with rival parties promising to boost the economy and battling over the proposed strengthening of presidential powers. The opposition Lepep coalition took a strong early lead during vote counting.
    (AFP, 12/10/14)(AFP, 12/11/14)
2014        Dec 10, In northern Myanmar Kokang rebels attacked an army outpost, killing 7 government troops and wounding 20 others.
    (AP, 12/15/14)
2014        Dec 10, In Nicaragua several thousand people marched in Managua to protest a planned $50 billion interoceanic canal. Groundbreaking was scheduled for Dec 22.
    (SFC, 12/11/14, p.A2)
2014        Dec 10, In Nigeria a blast ripped through a busy textile market in the north city of Kano. 4 people were killed when two female suicide bombers attacked the Kantin Kwari textile market.
    (AFP, 12/10/14)(Reuters, 12/10/14)
2014        Dec 10, Palestinian minister Ziad Abu Ein (55) died shortly after an altercation with Israeli border police in the West Bank during which one of the policeman grabbed him by the neck. The Palestinians were attempting to plant olive trees on land they claimed as theirs. Abu Ein, who was convicted of killing two young Israelis in a bomb attack in 1979 and released as part of a prisoner swap in 1985, was a vocal opponent of Israel's settlement building in the West Bank.
    (Reuters, 12/10/14)(Econ, 12/13/14, p.51)
2014        Dec 10, Poland's constitutional court overturned a ban on the ritual slaughter of animals which had affected the Jewish and Muslim communities.
    (AP, 12/10/14)
2014        Dec 10, In Puerto Rico thieves broke the lock on the main gate of the Egg Market warehouse in Bayamon and stole 456,000 eggs worth nearly $150,000.
    (AP, 12/11/14)
2014        Dec 10, Russia’s lower house of parliament voted unanimously to approved a treaty allowing Armenia to join the Eurasian Economic Union, a trade block that already includes Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan.
    (SFC, 12/11/14, p.A2)
2014        Dec 10, Up to 17,000 residents in the west of Scotland were left without power as a "weather bomb" of wet and windy conditions battered parts of Britain with gusts expected to reach up to 80 miles per hour.
    (Reuters, 12/10/14) 
2014        Dec 10, Sierra Leone authorities launched a two-week "lockdown" in an eastern diamond mining district, hoping to halt the spread of Ebola after the area recorded seven confirmed cases in a day.
    (AP, 12/10/14)(SFC, 12/11/14, p.A4)
2014        Dec 10, The United Arab Emirates reported that four Emiratis tried in absentia received life sentences after they were found guilty of trying to set up an al-Qaida affiliate in the Gulf nation and aiding rebels fighting in Syria. Seven other men, including citizens of the Emirates, Syria and the Comoros Islands, received between three and 15 years imprisonment. Four other defendants were acquitted.
    (AP, 12/10/14)
2014        Dec 10, A top U.N. special investigator said senior US officials who authorized and carried out torture as part of former President George W. Bush's national security policy must be prosecuted.
    (AP, 12/10/14)
2014        Dec 10, Zimbabwe’s Pres. Mugabe told a ruling party meeting that Justice Minister Emmerson Mnangagwa and appointee Phelekezela Mphoko will "automatically" become vice presidents.
    (AP, 12/10/14)
2014        Dec 10, Zimbabwe said it has received a $110 million grant from the African Development Bank to repair and upgrade ageing infrastructure including water and power supply facilities.
    (AFP, 12/10/14)

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