Today in History - December 14

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872        Dec 14, Adrian II (~80), Italian Pope (867-72), the last married pope, died.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1287        Dec 14, The Zuider Zee seawall collapsed with the loss of 50,000 lives.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1503        Dec 14, Nostradamus [Michel de Nostredame], prophet, was born in St. Remy, Provence, France. He predicted correctly French king Henri II's manner of death. Nostradamus was the author of a book of prophecies that many still believe foretold the future. He was also physician, an astrologer and a clairvoyant.  He wrote in rhyming quatrains, accurately predicting the Great London Fire in 1666, Spain’s Civil War, and a Hitler that would lead Germany into war. He even correctly predicted his own death on July 2, 1566.
    (HN, 12/14/99)(MC, 12/14/01)

1542        Dec 14, James V (b.1512), king of Scotland (1513-42), died.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1546        Dec 14, Tycho Brahe (d.1601), astronomer, was born in Knudstrup, Denmark. He constructed the most precise astronomical instruments of his time.
    (SCTS, p.136)(HN, 12/14/00)(MC, 12/14/01)

1591        Dec 14, San Juan de la Cruz (b.1542), Spanish poet, died. He is remembered for his treatise “Dark Night of the Soul."
    (SSFC, 9/3/06, p.M3)(www.newadvent.org/cathen/08480a.htm)

1656        Dec 14, Artificial pearls were 1st manufactured by M. Jacquin in Paris. They were made of gypsum pellets covered with fish scales.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1782        Dec 14, Charleston, SC, was evacuated by British.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1795        Dec 14, John Bloomfield Jarvis, civil engineer, was born.
    (HN, 12/14/00)

1798        Dec 14, David Wilkinson of Rhode Island patented a nut and bolt machine.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1799        Dec 14, George Washington (b.1732), the first president of the United States, died at his Mount Vernon, Va., home. Richard Brookhiser authored "Founding Father: Rediscovering George Washington." The Washingtons at this time had 317 slaves. His 5 stills in Virginia turned out some 12,000 gallons of corn whiskey a year. In 1993 Richard Norton Smith authored "George Washington and the New American Nation." In 2010 Ron Chernow authored “Washington: A Life."
    (A&IP, ESM, p.16)(AP, 12/14/97)(WSJ, 11/6/98, p.W15)(SFEC, 5/2/99, Z1 p.8)(SFC, 12/11/99, p.B6)(WSJ, 2/22/00, p.A40)(Econ, 10/23/10, p.102)

1807        Dec 14, A number of meteorites fell onto Weston, Connecticut.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.122)

1812        Dec, 14, The last French units of Napoleon’s Grand Armeé crossed the Nieman River of Lithuania, leaving Russia.
    (ON, 10/2010, p.11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_invasion_of_Russia)

1814        Dec 14, The steamboat Enterprise, designed by keelboat captain Henry Miller Shreve, arrived in New Orleans with guns and ammunition for Gen. Jackson. It was immediately commandeered for military service.
    (ON, 7/02, p.9)

1819        Dec 14, Alabama was admitted as the 22nd state, making 11 slave states and 11 free states.
    (AP, 12/14/97)(HN, 12/14/98)

1822        Dec 14, John Christie, English patron of music, was born. He founded the Glyndebourne Festival Opera. 
    (HN, 12/14/99)
1822        Dec 14, The Congress of Verona ended, ignoring the Greek war of independence.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1829        Dec 14, In France Joseph Niepce signed a 10-year partnership agreement with Louis Daguerre to perfect a new photographic imaging process discovered by Niepce.
    (ON, 10/08, p.9)

1855        Dec 14, Ice hockey was played by 2 military teams in Canada. [see 1875]
    (CFA, ‘96, p.60)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(http://library.thinkquest.org/10480/hockey.html)

1861        Dec 14, Prince Albert of England (42), husband of Queen Victoria and one of the Union’s strongest advocates, died in London. The book “Uncrowned King: The Life of Prince Albert" was later written by Stanley Weintraub.
    (WUD, 1994, p.34)(WSJ, 1/26/98, p.A16)(AP, 12/14/98)(HN, 12/14/98)

1863        Dec 14, The widow of Confederate General B.H. Helm was given amnesty by President Lincoln after she swore allegiance to the Union. Mrs. Helm was the half-sister of Mary Todd Lincoln.
    (HN, 12/14/98)
1863        Dec 14, Gen. James Longstreet attacked Union troops at Bean’s Station, Tenn.
    (HN, 12/14/98)

1866        Dec 14, Roger Fry, English art critic, was born.
    (HN, 12/14/00)

1877        Dec 14, Serbia joined Russia in war on Turkey.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1895        Dec 14, Britain’s King George VI (d.1952), was born.  He rule from 1936-1952.
    (HN, 12/14/98)(MC, 12/14/01)

1896        Dec 14, James H. Doolittle, American Air Force general, was born. He commanded the first bombing mission over Japan. His Tokyo raid was a great boost for American war morale.
    (HN, 12/14/99)

1900        Dec 14, Max Planck (1858-1947), German physicist, presented the quantum theory at the Physics Society in Berlin. Planck,  demonstrated that energy, in certain situations, can exhibit characteristics of physical matter. Planck was rewarded the Nobel Prize (1918) in Physics for his work on blackbody radiation.
    (HN, 12/14/98)(MC, 12/14/01)

1903        Dec 14, William Ennis became the 1st cop to die in electric chair.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1906        Dec 14, First U1 submarine was brought into service in Germany.
    (HN, 12/14/98)

1908        Dec 14, The first truly representative Turkish Parliament opened.
    (HN, 12/14/98)

1909        Dec 14, Edward L. Tatum, American molecular geneticist (Nobel 1958), was born.
    (MC, 12/14/01)
1909        Dec 14, The Labor Conference in Pittsburgh ended with a "declaration of war" on U.S. Steel.
    (HN, 12/14/98)

1911        Dec 14, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first man to reach the South Pole, beating an expedition led by Robert F. Scott. The best book on Scott and Amundsen is by Roland Huntford "Scott and Amundsen."
    (AP, 12/14/97)(SFEC, 1/24/99, BR p.1,6)

1912        Dec 14, Louis Botha resigned as South Africa's premier.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1913        Dec 14, Greece formally annexed Crete.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1916        Dec 14, Shirley Jackson, novelist and short story writer (Life Among Savages, The Lottery), was born.
    (HN, 12/14/00)
1916        Dec 14, People of Denmark voted to sell Danish West Indies to United States for $25 million. [see Aug 4]
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1918        Dec 14, Sidonio Pais, prince of Portugal, was murdered.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1920        Dec 14, George Gipp (b.1895) died in Indiana from pneumonia and a strep infection during his senior year at Notre Dame. He was buried in northern Michigan. Gipp was the school's first All-American and set a school career rushing record that stood for more than 50 years. Ronald Reagan portrayed Gipp in the 1940 movie "Knute Rockne, All American," in which he made famous the phrase "win one for the Gipper."
    (AP, 11/10/07)(www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=1595)
1920        Dec 14, The League of Nations created a credit system to aid Europe; U.S. export trade was threatened.
    (HN, 12/14/98)

1922        Dec 14, Don Hewitt, NYC, CBS news executive producer (60 Minutes), was born.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1926        Dec 14, Theo van Rysselberghe (64), Belgian painter (pointillism), died.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1927        Dec 14, China and Soviet Union broke relations.
    (AP, 12/14/02)
1927        Dec 14, Iraq gained independence from Britain, but British troops remained.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1934        Dec 14, 1st streamlined steam locomotive was introduced in Albany, NY.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1937        Dec 14, Japanese troops conquered and plundered Nanjing. Japan established a puppet Chinese government at Peking, now called Beijing. In 1997 Iris Chang (1968-2004) authored "The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of WW II."
    (AP, 12/14/02)(SFC, 11/11/04, p.A1)

1939        Dec 14, The Soviet Union was dropped from the League of Nations. [see Nov 30 attack on Finland]
    (AP, 12/14/97)(HN, 12/14/98)

1941        Dec 14, US Treasury Sec. Henry Morgenthau asked his assistant Harry Dexter White to prepare a paper outlining the possibilities for coordinated monetary arrangements between the US and its allies. White’s proposal said the primary goal should be to stabilize the exchange rates of the Allied countries to encourage the flow of capital. The later led to the establishment of the gold standard at Bretton Woods, N.H., in 1944.
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A22)
1941        Dec 14, U.S. Marines made a stand in battle for Wake Island.
    (AP, 12/14/02)
1941        Dec 14, German Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel ordered the construction of defensive positions along the European coastline.
    (HN, 12/14/99)

1944        Dec 14, Congress established the rank of General of Army, the 5-star General.
    (MC, 12/14/01)
1944        Dec 14, The former NYK liner Oryoku Maru left Manila with 1619 American POWs packed in the holds. U.S. Navy planes from the "Hornet" attacked, causing the Hell Ship to sink the following day. Only 200 of the men survived.
    (Internet)(SSFC, 2/15/04, p.A29)

1945        Dec 14, Josef Kramer, known as "the beast of Belsen," and 10 others were hanged in Hameln for crimes committed at the Belsen and Auschwitz Nazi concentration camps.
    (AP, 12/14/05)

1946        Dec 14, Patty Duke, American actress, was born. She started her career at seven and won an Oscar for her portrayal of Helen Keller in "The Miracle Worker." He went on to star in television's "The Patty Duke Show."
    (HN, 12/14/99)
1946        Dec 14, The United Nations General Assembly voted to establish the U.N. headquarters in New York City. The UN adopted a disarmament resolution prohibiting the A-Bomb.
    (AP, 12/14/97)(HN, 12/14/98)

1949        Dec 14, Bulgarian ex-Premier Traicho Kostov was sentenced to die for treason in Sofia.
    (HN, 12/14/98)

1952        Dec 14, Eighty-four Korean Communist prisoners interned on Pongam Island were killed during a riot after attempting to escape.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1958        Dec 14, The United States, Britain and France rejected Soviet demands that they withdraw their troops from West Berlin and agreed to liquidate the Allied occupation in West Berlin.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1960        Dec 14, A U.S. B-52 bomber set a 10,000 mile non-stop record without refueling.
    (HN, 12/14/98)

1962        Dec 14, The U.S. space probe Mariner 2 approached Venus, transmitting information about the planet.
    (AP, 12/14/97)
1962        Dec 14, North Rhodesia's first African-dominated government was formed under Kenneth Kaunda.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1963        Dec 14, The Baldwin Hills dam in Los Angeles, Ca., broke. The released water destroyed 65 homes and left 5 people dead.
    (http://damsafety.water.ca.gov/about.htm)
1963        Dec 14, Dinah Washington (b.1924), known in the 50s as "Queen of the Harlem Blues," died of barbiturate poisoning in Detroit. In 2004 Nadine Cohodas authored “Queen: The Life and Times of Dinah Washington." 
    (SSFC, 8/22/04, p.M1)

1967        Dec 14, DNA was created in a test tube.
    (MC, 12/14/01)
1967        Dec 14, Israel submitted to the United Nations a five-year plan to solve the Arab refugee problem conditioned on a general peace settlement between Israel and the Arab states.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1970        Dec 14, In South Korea the Namyoung ferry sank killing 323 people.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_South_Korean_ferry_disasters)

1972        Dec 14, Astronauts Schmitt and Cernan blasted off from the moon to join the command module America in lunar orbit, thus ending America’s manned lunar exploration for the 20th century. Apollo 17 astronauts blasted off from the moon after three days of exploration on lunar surface.
    (HNQ, 7/21/99)(AP, 12/14/02)

1975        Dec 14, Six South Moluccan extremists surrendered after holding 23 hostages for 12 days on a train near the Dutch town of Beilen.
    (AP, 12/14/00)

1977        Dec 14, The film "Saturday Night Fever," starring John Travolta, premiered in NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saturday_Night_Fever)
1977        Dec 14, The South African government eased job restrictions on blacks.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1978        Dec 14, In Northern Ireland John Murdie McTier, Belfast Prison officer, was driving home with two colleagues when a number of shots were fired from a passing car by the IRA. Both his passengers survived the attack but Mr. McTier died three days later from his wounds. He was survived by his wife and three small children.
    (www.palacebarracksmemorialgarden.org/Northern%20Ireland%20Prison%20Service.htm)

1979        Dec 14, The Seminole Tribe opened a high-stakes bingo hall on their reservation at Hollywood, Florida, and the state tried immediately to shut it down. This was followed by a series of court battles leading to a final decision by the United States Supreme Court in 1981 “Seminole Tribe vs. Butterworth."  The court ruled in favor of the Seminoles affirming their right to operate their bingo hall.
    (http://500nations.com/news/Indian_Casinos/history.asp)
1979        Dec 14, The British punk group Clash released its “London Calling" album.
    (WSJ, 12/21/04, p.D8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_Calling)

1980        Dec 14, After four days of meetings, members of NATO warned the Soviets to stay out of the internal affairs of Poland, saying that intervention would effectively destroy the détente between East and West.
    (HN, 12/14/98)
1980        Dec 14, Fans around the world paid tribute to John Lennon, six days after he was shot to death in New York City.
    (AP, 12/14/98)

1981        Dec 14, Israel annexed the Golan Heights, seized from Syria in 1967. The parliament approved the annexation of the Golan Heights with legislation in one day.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)(AP, 12/14/97)

1982        Dec 14, Edward Hagedorn (b.1902), graphic artist, died in Berkeley, Ca. He incised images into linoleum for sharp contrasts in black and white. His work included: "Self Portrait with Cigarette," "You," "Sword Swallower" and "The Rainbow."
    (SFC, 7/10/96, p.E1,4)(www.rubylane.com/shops/bassfineart/item/0927d?gbase=1)

1984        Dec 14, Howard Cosell retired from Monday Night Football.
    (http://on-this-day.com/onthisday/thedays/alldays/dec14.htm)
1984        Dec 14, The maiden flight of NASA’s X-29, a forward swept wing aircraft, took place.
    (NPub, 2002, p.24)

1985        Dec 14, Roger Maris (51), HR hitter (61 in 61, NY Yankees), died of cancer.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_Maris)
1985        Dec 14, Wilma Mankiller became the first woman to lead a major American Indian tribe as she took office as principal chief of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma.
    (AP, 12/14/97)

1986        Dec 14, The experimental aircraft Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, took off from Edwards Air Force Base in California on the first non-stop, non-refueled flight around the world. The trip took nine days.
    (AP, 12/14/97)

1987        Dec 14, US Supreme Court nominee Anthony M. Kennedy told his confirmation hearing he had no hidden agenda for abortion and privacy cases.
    (AP 12/14/97)
1987        Dec 14, Chrysler pleaded no contest to federal charges of selling several thousand vehicles as new even though they'd been driven by employees with the odometer disconnected.
    (AP, 12/14/97)

1988        Dec 14, In a dramatic policy shift, President Reagan authorized the United States to enter into a "substantive dialogue" with the Palestine Liberation Organization, after chairman Yasser Arafat said he was renouncing "all forms of terrorism."
    (AP, 12/14/98)
1988        Dec 14, Sixty more survivors were pulled from rubble of earthquake that rocked Armenia.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1989        Dec 14, Opposition leader Patricio Aylwin, representing the left and center opposition alliance, was elected president in Chile's first free election since 1970. However the generals maintained great power that included the right to veto political decisions.
    (AP, 12/14/02)(WSJ, 1/9/96, p.A-10)(http://web.mit.edu/17.508/www/week8.html)
1989        Dec 14, Nobel Peace laureate (1975) Andrei D. Sakharov died in Moscow at age 68.
    (AP, 12/14/99)

1990        Dec 14,  President Bush said he would nominate Lynn Martin to succeed Elizabeth H. Dole as labor secretary.
    (AP, 12/14/00)
1990        Dec 14, President Bush prodded Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to agree to talks on the Persian Gulf crisis by January third.
    (AP, 12/14/00)
1990        Dec 14, A Right to Die case permitted Nancy Cruzan of Missouri to have her feeding tube removed. She died 12 days later.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nancy_Cruzan)
1990        Dec 14, In Hong Kong 10 Vietnamese boat people set fire to themselves to protest screening policy that could prevent them from settling in the West.
    (AP, 12/14/02)
1990        Dec 14, Friedrich Durrenmatt (b.1921), Swiss author and playwright, died. In 2006 the Univ. of Chicago published a translation of his selected writings in 3 volumes. "What was once thought can never be unthought."
    (AP, 11/15/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_D%C3%BCrrenmatt)

1991        Dec 14, President Bush and Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari, meeting at Camp David, Md., renewed their commitment to conclude quickly the North American Free Trade Agreement.
    (AP, 12/14/01)
1991        Dec 14-1991 Dec 15, At least 464 people were left dead or missing when an Egyptian-registered ferry sank in the Red Sea near the port of Safaga after coral reef tore a hole in a ferry's side.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.A8)(AP, 2/3/06)
1991        Dec 14, Former East German leader Erich Honecker, facing extradition to Germany and trial on manslaughter charges, was offered asylum in North Korea.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1992        Dec 14, President-elect Clinton opened a two-day conference in Little Rock, Ark., on the nation's economic problems.
    (AP, 12/14/97)
1992        Dec 14, Easing a 17-year trade embargo, the United States allowed its companies to sign contracts in Vietnam.
    (AP, 12/14/02)
1992        Dec 14, Russian President Boris Yeltsin lost a battle with hard-liners as he was forced to abandon his reformist PM Yegor Gaidar, in favor of Communist-era technocrat Viktor Chernomyrdin (1938-2010).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viktor_Chernomyrdin)(AP, 12/14/97)(Econ, 11/6/10, p.109)

1993        Dec 14, A Colorado judge struck down the state's voter-approved Amendment Two prohibiting gay rights laws, calling it unconstitutional.
    (AP, 12/14/98)
1993        Dec 14, The United Mine Workers approved a five-year contract, ending a strike that had reached seven US states and involved some of the nation's biggest coal operators.
    (AP, 12/14/98)
1993        Dec 14, The United States and European Community set aside a bitter fight over films, unlocking the door to the world's biggest-ever trade reform package.
    (AP, 12/14/02)
1993        Dec 14, Actress Myrna Loy (88) died in NYC.
    (AP, 12/14/98)
1993        Dec 14, In Algeria a large group of armed terrorists attacked a work camp of a hydro-electric project in Tamezguida. Fourteen Croatian citizens were taken out of the camp. Twelve were murdered by having their throats slit, but two others escaped with injuries.
    (www.milnet.com/state/chrono93.htm)

1994        Dec 14, A US federal judge granted a preliminary injunction blocking almost all of Proposition 187's bans affecting illegal immigrants in California.
    (AP, 12/14/99)
1994        Dec 14, Bruce McNall, memorabilia dealer and former owner of the Los Angeles Kings hockey team, pleaded guilty to fraud and was sent away to prison. He served 4 of 6 years. In 2003 he and Michael D'Antonio authored "Fun While it Lasted."
    (WSJ, 7/11/03, p.W14)(www.sportsbooks.com/news/sports_betting/78666.html)
1994        Dec 14, Former Arkansas Governor Orval E. Faubus, died at age 84. His refusal to let nine black students into Little Rock's Central High School in 1957 forced President Eisenhower to send in federal troops.
    (AP, 12/14/99)
1994        Dec 14, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic asked former U.S. President Jimmy Carter to mediate a lasting peace in Bosnia.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1995        Dec 14, Shelley Davis, historian for the IRS for the last 7 years, resigned in protest of the way the agency was handling its records. The IRS decided to eliminate the position of historian.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-1)
1995        Dec 14, Microsoft and NBC announced a joint venture to create MSNBC, a cable channel and Web site devoted to breaking news. In 2005 NBC raised its stake to 82%.
    (http://cbsnews.cbs.com/htdocs/microsoft/timeline1.html)
1995        Dec 14, AIDS patient Jeff Getty received the first-ever bone-marrow transplant from a baboon. The experimental procedure at a San Francisco hospital was criticized by animal rights activists. The transplant failed, but Getty survived.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
1995        Dec 14, A way to genetically improve resistance to leaf blight in rice plants was reported found by scientists.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-1)
1995        Dec 14, An agreement for peace in Bosnia, reached at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio, was formally signed. Presidents Alija Izetbegovic of Bosnia, Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia and Franjo Tudjman of Croatia signed the Bosnian peace treaty in Paris. The agreement divided Bosnia into 2 autonomous territories and granted 51% of Bosnia to the Muslim-Croat federation and 49% to the Serbs (Republika Srpska). Elections were scheduled and a force of 60,000 Western troops was planned for deployment. A 3-member presidency and a national parliament was also part of the plan. The office of High Representative was created to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the Peace Agreement.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A8)(SFC, 9/22/98, p.A8)(AP, 12/14/00)(www.ohr.int/)
1995        Dec 14, Heavy fighting erupts in Gudermes, Chechnya, when rebels disrupted Kremlin-imposed elections. At least 267 Chechen civilians were reported killed in the following 10 days.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1996        Dec 14, Teamsters President Ron Carey won election to a second term. Later, the results were overturned, and Carey was barred from a rerun vote by a court-appointed monitor who ruled that Carey had used union money for his campaign.
    (AP, 12/14/97)
1996        Dec 14, In New Orleans, the 700-foot freighter, Bright Field, lost power on the Mississippi River, went out of control and slammed into a riverfront structure and then hit a crowded mall. No one was killed.
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/14/97)
1996        Dec 14, Rwandan refugees, who previously refused to return home, began re-entering Rwanda after 2 1/2 years in Tanzania.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1997        Dec 14, Astronomers detected the brightest explosion ever detected in a galaxy 12 billion light-years away.
    (USAT, 5/7/98, p.1A)
1997        Dec 14, Cuban President Fidel Castro declared Christmas 1997 an official holiday to ensure the success of Pope John Paul II's upcoming visit in Jan.
    (SFC,12/15/97, p.B1)(AP, 12/14/98)
1997        Dec 14, From India it was reported that Bombay film studios churn out 900 features a year in Hindi and other Indian languages at an average cost of $2.24 million.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, DB p.62)
1997        Dec 14, Iran's new president, Mohammad Khatami, called for a dialogue with the people of the United States -- a nation reviled by his predecessors as "The Great Satan."
    (AP, 12/14/98)
1997        Dec 14, In Mexico the 500-seat Chamber of Deputies approved Pres. Zedillo’s  $108.9 billion budget for 1988. The secret budget was reduced to $6.25 million.
    (SFC,12/15/97, p.B1)
1997        Dec 14, From Mexico it was reported that the Korean owners of the Han Young plant in Tijuana have agreed to cut ties with the government union and recognize the independent Unidad Obrera (Worker Unity) that was elected on Oct 6.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A22)

1998        Dec 14, Researchers reported that the protein IGF-1, insulin-like growth factor type1, was found to sustain muscle maintenance and repair when injected into muscle cells. The protein was packaged in the shell of a virus that causes no disease.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.A3)
1998        Dec 14, The peak of the Geminid meteor shower.
    (NH, 12/98, p.73)
1998        Dec 14, In Gaza City Pres. Clinton watched as hundreds of Palestinian leaders raised their hands to renounce a call for the destruction of Israel.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/14/99)
1998        Dec 14, In Algeria Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia resigned.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.C2)
1998        Dec 14, In Angola UNITA rebels launched an offensive at Cuito and Huambo and claimed to have shot down a government jet.
    (WSJ, 12/15/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 14, In Brazil legislators proposed to give themselves a 59% pay raise as the economy slipped into recession.
    (WSJ, 12/16/98, p.A19)
1998        Dec 14, The British human rights group, Global Witness, reported that in Angola UNITA was selling diamonds to finance its battles against government forces.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.C7)
1998        Dec 14, In China the armed forces completed the hand over of their commercial holdings to civilian control.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.C7)
1998        Dec 14, In Guinea Lansana Conte was re-elected president to a 7-year term with 54.1% of the vote. The opposition rejected as flawed.
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.D9)(AP, 9/29/09)
1998        Dec 14, In Iran authorities arrested several suspects in the recent string of murders of opposition figures. Pirouz Davani, leader of the United Left, and Rostami Hamedani, an activist with Davani, were reported missing.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.A14)
1998        Dec 14, In Mexico the Senate approved a new law that ended restrictions limiting foreign ownership of the nation’s top banks.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.C2)
1998        Dec 14, In Kosovo Serbian border guards killed 31 ethnic Albanian guerrillas on the Albanian border.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.A14)(WSJ, 12/15/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 14, In Pec masked Albanian rebels opened fire in the Panda barroom and killed 6 young Kosovo Serbs.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C2)(SFC, 12/18/98, p.D4)

1999        Dec 14, In Seattle Ahmed Ressam (32) was arrested after crossing the border at Port Angeles from Canada with a car trunk with over 150 pounds of bomb-making materials that included 200 pounds of urea, timing devices and a bottle of RDX, cyclotrimethylene trinitramine. Canadian authorities later issued an arrest warrant for Abdelmajed Dahoumane for possessing or making explosives. Dahoumane was arrested in Algeria In Oct, 2000. In 2001 Ressam admitted that he planned to detonate a bomb at the LA Int’l. Airport. Mokhtar Haouari provided fake ID and $3,000 to Ressam. Haouari was sentenced to 24 years in prison in 2002. In 2005 Ressam was sentenced to 22 years in prison.
    (SFC, 12/18/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/20/99, p.D3)(SFC, 12/25/99, p.A3)(SFC, 12/30/99, p.A5)(SFC, 12/7/00, p.C10)(SFC, 5/30/01, p.A5)(SFC, 1/17/02, p.A12)(SFC, 7/28/05, p.A3)
1999        Dec 14, The New York City Board of Education identified nine employees, four regular teachers, two substitute teachers and three teachers' aides who were dismissed last week for helping students cheat on standardized tests.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yz8ucj)
1999        Dec 14, US and German negotiators agreed to establish a $5.2 billion fund for Nazi-era slave and forced laborers.
    (AP, 12/14/00)
1999        Dec 14, Charles Schultz, creator of the Peanuts cartoon, announced that he would retire and that the last Peanuts cartoon would appear Feb 13, 2000.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 14, In Mission Viejo, Ca., a main water pipeline ruptured and cut supplies to 14 communities in south Orange County.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.A3)
1999        Dec 14, In Germany the government and industry officials agreed to establish nearly $5.2 billion fund to compensate slave laborers of the Nazi regime.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.A1)
1999        Dec 14, It was reported that Hong Kong Chief Executive Tung Chee-hwa had recently announced a $3.75 billion environmental crusade in an effort to reduce pollution. An 80% reduction in nitrogen oxide emissions by 2005 was planned. Hong Kong's yearly emissions for sulfur dioxide was 80,000 tons. Guangdong Province on the Chinese mainland put out 630,000 tons.
    (SFC, 12/14/99, p.A,12,14)
1999        Dec 14, In Jammu-Kashmir, India, at least 6 people were killed in clashes between secessionist guerrillas and security forces.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.B3)
1999        Dec 14, In Mexico a passenger bus collided head-on with a gas truck and at least 26 people were killed near Salvatierra in Guanajuato.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.B3)
1999        Dec 14, In Panama former US Pres. Jimmy Carter symbolically turned over the Panama Canal. The official ownership transfer date was Dec 31.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.A16)
1999        Dec 14, In Romania Pres. Constantinescu fired Prime Minister Radu Vasile, though the constitution did not grant him that power. Alexandru Athanasiu, the Labor and Social Welfare minister, was named to replace Vasile. The average monthly salary was down to $89.
    (SFC, 12/14/99, p.B2)
1999        Dec 14, In South Africa Clarence Mlokoti (69), co-founder of the Kaizer Chiefs soccer team, was killed during an attempted car-jacking in Soweto.
    (SFC, 12/16/99, p.C2)

2000        Dec 14, Pres. Clinton spoke in England and urged the US and other rich countries to end farm subsidies, spend money on fighting disease in the 3rd World and to cut emissions to thwart global warming.
    (SFC, 12/15/00, p.D8)
2000        Dec 14, President-elect George W. Bush conferred by phone with congressional leaders of both parties and planned a goodwill tour of Washington, D.C.; he also received a flood of congratulatory calls from world leaders on his first full day as president-elect.
    (AP, 12/14/01)
2000        Dec 14, U.S. businessman Edward Pope was pardoned and released by Russia after being convicted of espionage.
    (AP, 12/14/01)
2000        Dec 14, The Federal Trade Commission unanimously approved the $111 billion merger of America Online and Time Warner.
    (AP, 12/14/01)
2000        Dec 14, In Wichita, Kansas, brothers Reginald and Jonathan Carr abducted 5 people from a home, subjected them to sexual acts, and executed them. 4 of the 5 died: Aaron Sander (29), Heather Muller (25), Brad Heyka (27), and Jason Befort (26).
    (SFC, 10/15/02, p.A4)
2000        Dec 14, Vladimir Putin, the first Russian president to visit Cuba since the collapse of the Soviet Union, held talks with Fidel Castro in Havana.
    (AP, 12/14/02)
2000        Dec 14, In the southern Philippines Muslim extremists killed 3 passengers on a motorcycle taxi.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.D11)
2000        Dec 14, In Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe claimed that his government has no control over the economy and blamed the “white man" as the real enemy during an address to a Congress of the ruling Zanu-PF Party
    (SFC, 12/15/00, p.D10)

2001        Dec 14, The US vetoed a UN Security council vote that condemned all “acts of terror" against Israelis and Palestinians.
    (SFC, 12/15/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 14, George O'Leary resigned as Notre Dame football coach five days after being hired, admitting he'd lied about his academic and athletic background.
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2001        Dec 14, American and British commandos behind a screen of local Afghan fighters contained the last remnants of al Qaeda forces in the White Mountains of Tora Bora. American Marines occupied Kandahar airport.
    (SFC, 12/15/01, p.A1,16)
2001        Dec 14, The US shipped a load of corn to Cuba, the 1st American food shipment there since 1963.
    (SFC, 12/15/01, p.A8)
2001        Dec 14, European leaders agreed to send 4,000 troops to Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 12/15/01, p.A16)
2001        Dec 14, European nations began distributing a “Eurokit" of euro coins in advance of the Jan 1 day when the euro becomes legal tender.
    (SFC, 12/15/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 14, The German parliament approved a plan to shut down all nuclear power plants within 20 years.
    (SFC, 12/15/01, p.A8)
2001        Dec 14, W.G. Sebald (b.1944), German-born British author, died in a car accident. His books included "The Emigrants" (1996) and "The Rings of Saturn" (1998). His novel "Austerlitz" (2001) had just recently been awarded The National Books Critics Award for 2002.
    (SSFC, 12/23/01, p.M4)(SFC, 3/12/02, p.A2)
2001        Dec 14, Israeli troops raided four Palestinian towns and villages in the West Bank, killing eight Palestinians and arresting dozens of suspected militants.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

2002        Dec 14, Sheik Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, the king of Bahrain, inaugurated the first parliament in nearly 30 years.
    (AP, 12/14/02)
2002        Dec 14, Salman Raduyev (b.1967), the Chechen warlord who led a bloody 1996 raid on a Russian hospital that killed 78 people, died in a Russian hard labor camp while serving a life sentence.
    (AP, 12/15/02)
2002        Dec 14, Jordanian police announced the arrest of two alleged al-Qaida members in the October killing of American diplomat Laurence Foley.
    (AP, 12/14/03)
2002        Dec 14, The Norwegian Tricolor, a cargo ship carrying nearly 2,900 luxury cars capsized and sank after colliding with the Bahamas-registered Kariba cargo ship in the English Channel. Tricolor carried 2,862 cars, high-end BMWs, Volvos and Saabs, and 77 other items, mainly tractors and large crane parts.
    (AP, 12/14/02)
2002        Dec 14, Tens of thousands of South Koreans railed against the U.S. military and mourned two girls killed by American soldiers in a road accident.
    (Reuters, 12/14/02)

2003        Dec 14, Jeanne Crain (b.1925), film star, died in Santa Barbara.
    (SFC, 12/15/03, p.A24)
2003        Dec 14, In Afghanistan a landmark constitutional convention began with solemn prayers.
    (AP, 12/14/03)
2003        Dec 14, Brazil's ruling Workers Party expelled four leftist lawmakers after they voted against the party on crucial legislation being sought by President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.
    (AP, 12/15/03)
2003        Dec 14, In southwestern England 2 dozen people suffered burns to their faces, hands and arms in a suspected acid attack at a pub in Bristol.
    (AP, 12/15/03)
2003        Dec 14, Chad's government signed a cease-fire with rebel forces at the end of talks in Burkina Faso.
    (AP, 12/14/03)
2003        Dec 14, Elections in northern Cyprus ended in a deadlock with the pro-EU opposition and pro-government parties splitting the 50 parliamentary seats. EU members have said that Turkey must help reunite the island before it can realize its own membership aspirations.
    (AP, 12/15/03)(WSJ, 12/15/03, p.A13)
2003        Dec 14, In Baghdad a suspected suicide attacker detonated a car bomb killing at least 17 people and wounding 35 others. A US soldier was killed trying to diffuse a roadside bomb. Ryan Manelick, A US contract worker for Ultra Services, was shot to death near Camp Anaconda. He was an associate of Kirk von Ackerman, who disappeared Oct 9. Manelick had told Army investigators kickbacks were being made to a US Army officer.
    (SFC, 12/15/03, p.A15)(SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A14)
2003        Dec 14, Venice threw itself a party to celebrate the rebirth of the La Fenice, following a $90 million restoration, with a gala concert that drew the Italian president, European royalty and Italy's glitterati.
    (AP, 12/15/03)(SFC, 12/15/03, p.A2)
2003        Dec 14, In Nepal Fighting between suspected rebels and security forces intensified over the weekend, killing at least 70 people in separate attacks across the Himalayan kingdom.
    (AP, 12/14/03)
2003        Dec 14, In Pakistan Pres. Musharraf survived an assassination attempt when a bomb exploded on a bridge just after his motorcade crossed.
    (SFC, 12/15/03, p.A6)
2003        Dec 14, Palestinians fired a barrage of mortars at Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip and Israeli troops killed a fugitive from the Islamic Jihad group in the West Bank.
    (AP, 12/14/03)

2004        Dec 14, Pres. Bush awarded the Presidential Medal of Honor to Gen. Tommy Franks, Paul Bremer, and George Tenet, for their efforts in the war in Iraq.
    (SFC, 12/15/04, p.A1)
2004        Dec 14, The US Federal Reserve raised its federal funds rate .25% to 2.25%. The Commerce Dept. reported that the US trade deficit in October swelled to $55.5 billion. By the end of the year the US trade deficit stood at a record $2.5 trillion.
    (SFC, 12/15/04, p.C1,3)(Econ, 1/21/06, p.74)
2004        Dec 14, It was reported that air cargo planes used by American subcontractors in Iraq were linked to Victor bout, a reputed Russian arms trafficker. The 2005 film “Lord of War" was a loose portrayal of Bout’s exploits.
    (SFC, 12/14/04, p.A3)(Econ, 10/2/10, p.65)
2004        Dec 14, Chile’s Congress passed a bill granting compensation, a monthly pension of $190, to some 28,000 former political prisoners from the dictatorship of Gen. Pinochet.
    (SFC, 12/17/04, p.A27)
2004        Dec 14, Congo's government insisted that its forces were fighting Rwandan troops in the mineral-rich east of the country and not dissident units of the national army.
    (Reuters, 12/14/04)
2004        Dec 14, The Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (ALBA) began with the Cuba-Venezuela Agreement.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bolivarian_Alliance_for_the_Americas)
2004        Dec 14, Egypt and Israel signed a first joint trade accord with the United States since their historic peace treaty 25 years ago.
    (AP, 12/14/04)
2004        Dec 14, In southern France a roadway bridge, hailed as the tallest in the world, was officially inaugurated.
    (AP, 12/14/04)
2004        Dec 14, Shootouts erupted between residents of a slum outside Haiti's capital and UN troops after hundreds of international peacekeepers stormed the stronghold of former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide in an attempt to control flashpoints of violence. 4 people were killed.
    (AP, 12/15/04)
2004        Dec 14, In northern India 2 passenger trains collided head-on, killing at least 27 people and injuring 60 in Punjab.
    (AP, 12/14/04)
2004        Dec 14, In India at least one person was killed and 50 wounded in a string of grenade attacks launched by separatist rebels across the volatile northeastern state of Assam.
    (AP, 12/14/04)
2004        Dec 14, In Iraq a suicide car bomber killed seven people at a Green Zone checkpoint, the second attack in two days near the same gate.
    (AP, 12/14/04)
2004        Dec 14, PM Shukri Ghanem said Libya is planning to open up its banking sector to Arab investors and is to privatize two major government banks.
    (AP, 12/14/04)
2004        Dec 14, Palestinian leader Abbas called for an end to attacks on Israel as Israeli troops destroyed 7 Palestinian houses in Gaza.
    (WSJ, 12/15/04, p.A1)
2004        Dec 14, Fernando Poe (b.1939), former Philippine actor and presidential candidate, died from a stroke in Manila. Poe, a star in over 200 films, lost the recent elections to Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo by 1.1 million votes.
    (SFC, 12/14/04, p.B7)
2004        Dec 14, In Romania Pres.-elect Traian Basescu opened talks to form a coalition government with a party formerly allied with his opponent and one representing ethnic Hungarians.
    (AP, 12/14/04)
2004        Dec 14, Russia opened talks to buy back $10 billion in sovereign debt. This would cover some 22% of its $45 billion debt to sovereign creditors.
    (WSJ, 12/14/04, p.A12)
2004        Dec 14, In northeastern Turkey an avalanche roared down on a town, killing six people, including a 10-month-old baby.
    (AP, 12/14/04)

2005        Dec 14, President Bush defended his decision to wage the Iraq war, even as he acknowledged that "much of the intelligence turned out to be wrong." The House voted 251-174 to renew the USA Patriot Act.
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2005        Dec 14, The US Federal Reserve raised its benchmark interest rate for the 13th time a quarter point to 4.25%. it also indicated that it was close to ending the 18-month long increases.
    (SFC, 12/14/05, p.C1)
2005        Dec 14, The US deported Junior Vinicio Abadio Carrillo (32), the son of Guatemala's former tax chief, to face charges of embezzling millions of public dollars.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 14, A US government watchdog group warned that Congress must enact a national system for recycling used electronic devices or the problem of e-waste will pose serious environmental risks.
    (SFC, 12/14/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 14, DuPont Co. said it has agreed to pay $10.25 million in fines and $6.25 million for environmental projects to settle allegations by the Environmental Protection Agency that the company hid information about the dangers of a toxic chemical used to make the non-stick coating Teflon.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, The Walt Disney Co. announced its first film production in China, adding to its efforts to break into the booming Chinese entertainment market.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, It was reported that Volkswagen AG was getting ready for the 2006 US launch of its $1 million Bugatti Veyron, a 2-seater with 1,001 horsepower.
    (WSJ, 12/14/05, p.D1)
2005        Dec 14, In Boston 4 men were shot and killed in the basement of a home on Bourneside Street that was set up as a music studio. The killings pushed Boston homicides for the year to 71, the highest in a decade.
    (SFC, 12/15/05, p.A6)
2005        Dec 14, Eliot Freidson (82), pioneer investigator of professions, died in SF. His 12 books included the landmark “Profession of Medicine" (1970).
    (SFC, 12/27/05, p.B4)
2005        Dec 14, In Mississippi John B. Nixon, Sr. (b.1928) was executed for the 1985 murder of Virginia Tucker. At 77 years old, he was the oldest person executed since 1976 and, according to the Espy File the oldest person executed since Joe Lee in Virginia at the age of 83 on April 21, 1916.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_B._Nixon,_Sr.)
2005        Dec 14, Carlos Delgadillo Martinez died after losing his grip on an inner tube while trying to cross the Rio Grande near Laredo, Texas. In 2011 jurors acquitted helicopter pilot James Peters (41) of lying about his role in Delgadillo’s death.
    (SFC, 9/3/11, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/3nzc2z7)
2005        Dec 14, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up near Mazar-e-Sharif, the capital of Balkh province. In Faizabad a donkey carrying a land mine exploded near a foreign aid agency's car.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, Belarusian lawmakers passed legislation that would crack down on Internet dating and online spouse searches in the latest in a series of stringent government controls backed by authoritarian President Alexander Lukashenko.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, In London 4 youths were convicted of manslaughter for beating to death a man who had survived the fatal nail-bombing of a British gay pub six years ago. Barman David Morley (37) was beaten to death by a gang of youths in central London in October 2004.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 14, Ancient tools found in Britain show that humans lived in northern Europe 200,000 years earlier than previously thought, at a time when the climate was warm enough for lions, elephants and saber tooth tigers to also roam what is now England.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, Rodney Whitaker (b.1931), popular writer aka Trevanian, died in the West Country of England. His thrillers included “The Eiger Sanction" (1972), which was made into a film with Clint Eastwood in 1975. He used at least 5 pseudonyms for his books on various subjects. These included Nicholas Seare, Benat LeCagot and Edoard Moran.
    (SFC, 12/17/05, p.B4)
2005        Dec 14, In Canada at least one shot fired through a door at police responding to a routine call in Laval, Quebec, left Valerie Gignac, a 25-year-old woman officer, dead and led to an eight-hour armed standoff that ended with the arrest of a paroled convict.
    (CP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, Colombian President Alvaro Uribe accepted an EU plan to pull troops from rebel territories to revive peace talks.
    (WSJ, 12/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 14, The UN Security Council agreed to Eritrea's demand to withdraw Americans, Canadians and Europeans from the peacekeeping mission that monitors the tense border with Ethiopia.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, The French government said Eiffag SA, Vinci SA and Spain’s Abertis Infraestructuras SA will buy its stakes in 3 toll-road companies raising $17.7 billion to help cut France’s national debt.
    (WSJ, 12/15/05, p.A16)
2005        Dec 14, Iran's hard-line president lashed out with a new outburst at Israel on, calling the Nazi Holocaust a "myth" used as a pretext for carving out a Jewish state in the heart of the Muslim world.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, Irish Ferries and Ireland’s largest labor union reached a deal over plans to replace 543 Irish workers with lower paid EU employees. Irish Ferries will reflag ships to avoid the jurisdiction of Irish employment law.
    (WSJ, 12/15/05, p.A16)
2005        Dec 14, Israel’s the Defense Ministry said it has approved construction of hundreds of new homes in West Bank settlements, confirming what would be a violation of the U.S.-backed peace plan.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, The Israeli military fired a missile at a car in northern Gaza it said was packed with militants about to carry out an attack. Four Palestinians were killed and four were wounded.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, Japan’s space agency said the return of its Hayabusa probe would be delayed until June, 2010, due to a thruster problem.
    (SFC, 12/15/05, p.A19)
2005        Dec 14, The 1st East Asia Summit was held successfully in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
    (www.aseansec.org/18104.htm)(Econ, 12/17/05, p.40)
2005        Dec 14, Officials said Mexico and the US broke up a counterfeiting ring that printed an estimated $5 million in fake $100 bills in Mexico and sold them across the border.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 14, A Nepalese soldier in Nagarkot ended an argument with a group of villagers by spraying them with bullets, killing at least 11 people. 19 civilians were injured.
    (AP, 12/15/05)
2005        Dec 14, In South Africa several hundred Sesotho-speaking Soweto orphans on a beach holiday clashed with police in Durban after officers failed to arrest several Zulu-speaking youths who accosted 4 girls and threatened rape.
    (SFC, 12/17/05, p.A9)   
2005        Dec 14, South Korean farmers clashed with police outside a World Trade Organization meeting for a second day as the US blamed the EU for holding up stalled global trade talks.
    (AP, 12/14/05)
2005        Dec 14, Tanzania voted for president and Parliament. Jakaya Kikwete took 80% of the vote. The ruling party of the Revolution (CCM) won 206 of 232 parliamentary seats.
    (WSJ, 12/15/05, p.A1)(Econ, 1/7/06, p.50)
2005        Dec 14, In the UAR Abu Dhabi overhauled business ownership laws allowing foreigners to own 100% of businesses in special economic zones.
    (WSJ, 12/15/05, p.A16)

2006        Dec 14, President George W. Bush named eight more countries to receive US assistance for malaria prevention and treatment in Africa, where the disease kills a million people a year, and asked Europeans to do more to help.
    (Reuters, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, A US blue-ribbon panel on education recommended a radical overhaul that would include ending high school at Grade 10.
    (WSJ, 12/15/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 14, Cisco Systems Inc. announced a $50 million investment in the newly public China Communications Services Corporation Ltd., making the US network-equipment maker the largest foreign investor in CCS.
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, Ahmet Ertegun (83), the founder of Atlantic Records, died. He helped define American music on the label that popularized the gritty R&B of Ray Charles, the classic soul of Aretha Franklin and the British rock of the Rolling Stones. In 2011 Robert Greenfield authored “The Last Sultan: The Life and Times of Ahmet Ertegun."
    (AP, 12/15/06)(SSFC, 11/27/11, p.F4)
2006        Dec 14, Actor Mike Evans (57), who'd played Lionel Jefferson on "All in the Family" and "The Jeffersons," died in Twentynine Palms, Calif.
    (AP, 12/14/07)
2006        Dec 14, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up on a crowded street near a police vehicle outside the city of Qalat, killing four civilians and wounding 25 people.
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, Australian flag carrier and national icon Qantas accepted an increased 11.1-billion-dollar (8.7 billion US) offer from a private equity group, a day after rejecting a lower bid.
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, Australia and France signed an agreement on military cooperation designed to enhance their ability to work together.
    (AFP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, The king of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck (51), signed a royal decree giving charge of the kingdom to Crown Prince Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (26) at a special session of the Bhutanese Cabinet in the capital, Thimphu. This was more than a year ahead of schedule.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 14, Botswana's government accepted a court order to allow the Bushmen, the nation's last hunter-gatherers, to live on their ancestral lands. But at the same time, officials imposed tough conditions likely to prevent most or all from returning to the central Kalahari. In 2009 6 Bushmen were convicted of illegally hunting gemsbok and eland in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve, where no licenses have issued since 2001.
    (AP, 12/14/06)(Econ, 8/8/09, p.44)
2006        Dec 14, A British police inquiry concluded that the deaths of Princess Diana and her boyfriend in a 1997 Paris car crash were a "tragic accident" and that allegations of murder are unfounded. Britain’s Serious Fraud Office (SFO) announced that it would be dropping its 2-year inquiry into bribes that may or may not have been paid by BAE Systems to secure contracts in Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 12/14/06)(Econ, 12/23/06, p.18)
2006        Dec 14, In Egypt police arrested Mohammed Khayrat el-Shater, the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood's chief strategist, and at least 140 others in a crackdown after a protest by uniformed students raised fears the Islamist political group is creating a military wing.
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, In Georgia the last train carrying military hardware and property owned by units of the Group of Russian Troops left the Tbilisi garrison for Armenia. The last of Russia’s servicemen were to leave the next day. This ended a 200-year-old Russian presence in Tbilisi.
    (www.interfax.ru/e/B/politics/28.html?id_issue=11647105)
2006        Dec 14, In India a government minister said ten million girls have been killed by their parents in India in the past 20 years, either before they were born or immediately after. A recent UNICEF report said 7,000 fewer girls are born each day than population models would indicate due to sex-selected abortions and infanticides.
    (Reuters, 12/14/06)(WSJ, 12/15/06, p.A1)
2006        Dec 14, Gunmen in military uniforms kidnapped 50-70 people from a major commercial area in central Baghdad, the second mass abduction in the capital in a month. Gunmen stormed a boys' school in the southwestern Alam neighborhood, killing a Shiite guard. 2 US Marines were reported killed in fighting in Anbar province. US-led forces captured a senior al-Qaida leader who was responsible for hundreds of civilian deaths and housed foreign fighters who carried out suicide bombings.
    (AP, 12/14/06)(AP, 12/15/06)(AP, 12/20/06)
2006        Dec 14, Israel ordered the Rafah crossing closed to keep PM Haniyeh from bringing in an estimated $35 million he had collected abroad to help alleviate the Palestinian financial crisis. Israeli officials said Haniyeh could return to Gaza without the money, which it said was to be used for terror attacks. Haniyeh left the funds in Egypt. When Haniyeh finally crossed, unidentified men began firing toward him. One of his bodyguards was killed and his son and 26 others were wounded. Fatah-allied Palestinian security officers arrested a Hamas-linked militant in connection with the killing of a security chief's young children. Palestinian militants fired a rocket into Israel at dawn.
    (AP, 12/14/06)(AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 14, Myanmar's military junta has told Red Cross officials that the humanitarian group can reopen field offices that the government had ordered shut in October.
    (AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 14, In Pakistan government critics alleged that Pakistan was providing sanctuary to Taliban militants and had a policy to project Pakistan's power inside Afghanistan.
    (AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Dec 14, South Africa’s cabinet released details of its newly approved codes of good practice for black economic development (BEE). They were mandatory only for government and state-owned companies, but pretty much required for anyone wanting to do business with the state.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.99)(www.dispute.co.za/)
2006        Dec 14, South Korea's Ban Ki-moon formally took the reins of the UN as the institution grappled with internal reforms, volatility in the Middle East and international standoffs over the nuclear ambitions of North Korea and Iran.
    (AP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, Anton Balasingham (68), the top peace negotiator for Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels, died at his home in London after a battle with cancer.
    (AFP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, In Tanzania Joseph Nzabirinda (49), a former youth organizer accused in Rwanda's 1994 genocide, pleaded guilty to one count of murder before a UN war crimes court, becoming only the seventh defendant to admit his guilt. Amnesty International expressed serious concern that the court has been one-sided in its prosecutions and decried its proposed transfer of cases to the Rwandan judicial system.
    (AFP, 12/14/06)
2006        Dec 14, Tonga police said they have arrested more than 700 people in connection with a deadly riot that destroyed most of Tonga's capital in November.
    (AP, 12/14/06)

2007        Dec 14, New Jersey became the first US state to require flu shots for preschoolers.
    (WSJ, 12/15/07, p.A1)
2007        Dec 14, Maria Borrega, a former ticket agent for the Contra Costa County public transit system was extradited from Florida to California and charged with embezzling at least $184,000 from 2002 until her retirement in 2005.
    (SFC, 12/19/07, p.B2)
2007        Dec 14, A man accused of being the Phoenix Baseline Killer was sentenced to 438 years in prison for the sexual assaults of two sisters. As of 2008 Mark Goudeau still faced trial for the slayings of eight women and a man in 2005-2006; he has pleaded not guilty.
    (AP, 12/14/08)
2007        Dec 14, Frank Morgan (73), jazz alto saxophonist, died at his home in Minneapolis. In the 1960s he played in the storied “warden’s band" at San Quentin State Prison with other prominent musician-inmates that included Art Pepper and Dupree Bolton. In 1991 he won the Downbeat Critics Poll for Best Alto Saxophonist.
    (SFC, 12/19/07, p.B5)
2007        Dec 14, Australian PM Kevin Rudd and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon jetted into East Timor to lend support to the nation's efforts to stabilize and rebuild after violence last year. Rudd pledged to support the nation's ongoing security needs during the five-hour stop.
    (AP, 12/14/07)(AFP, 12/14/07)
2007        Dec 14, The leaders Belarus and Russia pledged closer cooperation on military, economic and foreign policy but gave no indication that the ex-Soviet neighbors were moving closer to a long-discussed full merger.
    (AP, 12/14/07)
2007        Dec 14, Britain’s Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) confirmed a new case of the livestock disease bluetongue in a  cow imported from Germany, two months after an earlier outbreak was said to have been contained.
    (AFP, 12/14/07)
2007        Dec 14, Canada's national police force, criticized for excessive use of Tasers, said that, from now on, officers would only fire the electric stun guns at suspects who are combative or resisting arrest.
    (Reuters, 12/15/07)
2007        Dec 14, Diplomats from the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda met in Kampala to discuss border tensions that have triggered deadly clashes on one of Africa's hottest frontiers in the search for oil. The UN said rival factions in Congo are forcibly recruiting hundreds of children and sending them to fight on the front lines of an escalating conflict in the east of the country.
    (AP, 12/14/07)(AP, 12/15/07)
2007        Dec 14, Local newspapers reported that nearly 2,000 Egyptian civil servants have ended a sit-in outside government headquarters in Cairo after winning a battle to change their status and increase their salaries.
    (AP, 12/14/07)
2007        Dec 14, EU leaders held a formal meeting in Brussels, where they agreed in principle to send 1,800 policemen, judges and officials to Kosovo. They also agreed to set up a reflection group to think about challenges facing the EU between 2020 and 2030.
    (Econ, 12/22/07, p.87)
2007        Dec 14, It was reported that German AIDS researchers have discovered a protein common in semen that boosts the infectious potential of HIV 100,000-fold.
    (SFC, 12/14/07, p.A1)
2007        Dec 14, In northern India a bus collided with a train, killing at least 16 people, including nine children on their way to school.
    (AP, 12/14/07)
2007        Dec 14, Indonesia, the nation hardest hit by bird flu, announced its 93rd death due to the H5N1 virus. In China, the military in eastern Nanjing banned the sale of poultry this week after a father and son came down with the disease earlier this month. Health officials confirmed the 24-year-old man died from the virus a day before his father, 52, became sick. It was the country's 17th bird flu death. The WHO confirmed Myanmar's first human case of bird flu and praised the secretive country for its quick and open handling of the infection. State media reported a girl (7) was hospitalized on Nov. 27 and released on Dec. 12 in good condition after being treated with the antiviral drug Tamiflu.
    (AP, 12/15/07)
2007        Dec 14, In northern and central Iraq US forces targeting al-Qaida in Iraq detained 18 suspects and killed four.
    (AP, 12/16/07)
2007        Dec 14, Ayo Fayose of southwestern Ekiti state gave, a Nigerian former state governor, turned himself in to police after more than a year on the run, vowing to defend himself in court against allegations of corruption. High Chief Ekpemupolo, an influential rebel commander in Nigeria's oil-producing Niger Delta, ordered the suspension of peace talks with the government because of military incursions and the arrest of another commander.
    (Reuters, 12/15/07)
2007        Dec 14, North and South Korea ended three days of talks without an agreement on creating a shared fishing zone to defuse tensions along their disputed sea border.
    (AP, 12/14/07)
2007        Dec 14, Hamas gunmen burst into the home of Omar Al-Ghoul, a top Fatah official in Gaza, and arrested him. He was the most senior Fatah politician to be detained since Hamas forces overtook the territory in June. In the West Bank, Abbas' security forces arrested 26 Hamas supporters. 3 people were killed in a mysterious explosion at a Fatah-organized funeral in Gaza City.
    (AP, 12/14/07)
2007        Dec 14, Mortar shells rained down on Mogadishu for a second day, killing at least five people. The African Union's new representative for Somalia said he expected more peacekeepers to arrive starting this month.
    (AP, 12/14/07)
2007        Dec 14, South Korea brought home 195 army medics and engineers from Afghanistan, ending its five-year deployment to help rebuild the war-ravaged country at Washington's request.
    (AP, 12/14/07)
2007        Dec 14, Clashes between Sri Lankan soldiers and separatist Tamil Tiger rebels in the country's embattled north left 31 guerrillas and one soldier dead.
    (AP, 12/15/07)
2007        Dec 14, Asus Technology of Taiwan unveiled a $299 version of Eee PC, a 2-pound laptop for kids that stores data on flash memory.
    (SFC, 12/14/07, p.D1)
2007        Dec 14, The UN refugee agency said more than 200 migrants are feared to have drowned at sea in separate incidents off Yemen, Turkey and the Canary Islands so far this month.
    (AP, 12/14/07)
2007        Dec 14, The World Bank convinced 45 countries to give over $25 billion to the world’s poorest state over the next 3 years.
    (Econ, 12/22/07, p.100)
2007        Dec 14, Zimbabwe reserve bank governor Gideon Gono on said President Robert Mugabe's cronies were fuelling the country's runaway inflation through illicit dealings. Amnesty International said Zimbabwean police are still beating and torturing human rights activists and opponents of the government despite mediation efforts launched by fellow African nations.
    (AP, 12/14/07)(AFP, 12/14/07)

2008        Dec 14, Pres. George W. Bush visited Baghdad just 37 days before he hands the war off to President-elect Barack Obama, who has pledged to end it. At the end of nearly two hours of meetings, Bush defended the war, now in its sixth year, as a reporter threw his shoes at him. The reporter was later identified as Muntadar al-Zeidi, a correspondent for Al-Baghdadia television, an Iraqi-owned station based in Cairo, Egypt. Bush then traveled to Afghanistan where he spoke to US soldiers and Marines at a hangar on the tarmac at Bagram Air Base. On March 12 shoe thrower was convicted of assaulting a foreign leader and sentenced to 3 years in prison. On April 7 the sentence was soon reduced to one year. In 2010 Muntadhar al-Zeidi published his first book, entitled "The Last Salute to President Bush."
    (AP, 12/14/08)(AP, 12/15/08)(AP, 3/12/09)(AP, 4/7/09)(AP, 12/14/10)
2008        Dec 14, It was reported that a 513-page draft version of “Hard Lessons: The Iraq Reconstruction Experience," was circulating among technical reviewers in Baghdad and Washington. It was compiled by the Office of the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction led by Stuart Bowen, a Republican lawyer, and detailed the blunders of reconstruction efforts in Iraq.
    (SSFC, 12/14/08, p.A24)
2008        Dec 14, in Afghanistan a bomb hidden in a wooden cart exploded in Kandahar, killing three police officers and wounding 11 people.
    (AP, 12/14/08)
2008        Dec 14, Orascom Telecom, an Egyptian company, said it will launch 3G mobile telephone service in North Korea on Dec 15, after winning the contract to build the advanced network in a country where private cell phones are banned.
    (AP, 12/14/08)
2008        Dec 14, Eva Habil (53) became Egypt's first female mayor. The Christian lawyer, beat five male candidates, including her younger brother, to become mayor of the predominantly Coptic Christian town of Komboha in southern Egypt.
    (AFP, 12/14/08)
2008        Dec 14, An Egyptian bus crowded with passengers, many of them students, veered off the road into a canal south of Cairo, killing 59 passengers.
    (AP, 12/14/08)(AP, 12/15/08)
2008        Dec 14, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel met with German ministers, business executives and labor leaders to chart a course through the financial crisis.
    (AP, 12/14/08)
2008        Dec 14, In Gaza City an estimated 300,000 supporters of Hamas gathered to mark 21 years since the organization’s founding. Israel closed its crossing with Gaza to journalist in response to rocket fire over the weekend.
    (SFC, 12/15/08, p.A14)
2008        Dec 14, In Mexico gunmen staged four attacks on police within a half-hour period, killing four officers in Ciudad Juarez, the border city  overrun by drug violence.
    (AP, 12/15/08)
2008        Dec 14, On the Niger-Mali border Tuareg rebels of the Front for the Forces of Redress (FFR) kidnapped Robert Fowler, a Canadian UN special envoy, and Louis Guay, a Canadian diplomat, along with their local driver. Days later the FFR made contradictory statements both claiming and condemning responsibility. On March, 2009, rebels released the driver. The Canadian diplomats were released in April, 2009.
    (AP, 12/16/08)(http://tinyurl.com/djsmd7)(AP, 4/23/09)
2008        Dec 14, In the northeastern Philippines an overcrowded ferry capsized just short of its destination in rough seas, causing terrified passengers to leap into the sea. At least 30 people drowned.
    (AP, 12/15/08)(AP, 12/16/08)
2008        Dec 14, In Russia police thwarted an anti-Kremlin protest organized by Garry Kasparov's opposition group, seizing demonstrators and shoving them into trucks. They detained at least 25 people including the group's co-leader.
    (AP, 12/14/08)
2008        Dec 14, It was reported that Saudi Prince Alwaleed bin Talal, who owns a double-decker "flying palace" and recently raised his bet on Citigroup, lost $4 billion in the past year.
    (AP, 12/14/08)
2008        Dec 14, Sudanese officials said several thousand civilians have fled the town of Abyei after renewed clashes in the disputed oil district where fighting this year raised fears of a return to civil war.
    (AFP, 12/14/08)
2008        Dec 14, In Syria former US President Jimmy Carter met with Khaled Mashaal, the exiled leader of the Palestinian militant group Hamas, for the second time this year.
    (AP, 12/14/08)
2008        Dec 14, Voters in Turkmenistan cast ballots in a parliamentary election hailed by the government as an exercise in democracy but dismissed by critics as a sham.
    (AP, 12/14/08)
2008        Dec 14, Uganda, southern Sudan and Congo launched an offensive against the Lord's Resistance Army bases based in eastern Congo in an attempt to end one of the continent's longest and most brutal wars.
    (AP, 12/15/08)

2009        Dec 14, Citigroup Inc. said it is repaying $20 billion in bailout money it received from the Treasury Department, freeing the banking giant from the close scrutiny and pay restrictions that came with the rescue program. The government will also sell its stake in the company. Hours later Wells Fargo announced plans to sell $10.4 billion in new stock to help repay all $25 billion in bailout aid.
    (AP, 12/14/09)(SFC, 12/15/09, p.D1)
2009        Dec 14-2009 Dec 17, In northeastern Congo at least 321 civilians were killed in a massacre by the Ugandan Lord's Resistance Army in the Makombo area. Villagers that escaped their LRA captors were sent back with their lips and ears cut off as a warning to others of what would happen if they tried to talk. News of the massacre was not made public until March 27, 2010.
    (AP, 3/27/10)
2009        Dec 14, Exxon Mobil Corp. said it will buy XTO Energy Inc in an all-stock transaction valued at about $30 billion, in a bid that thrusts the oil giant to the forefront of North America's fast-growing natural gas industry.
    (AP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, Researchers from US Santa Barbara and the Univ. of Mich published a study describing their synthetic red blood cells, which are capable of delivering medicine, oxygen or MRI contrast agents throughout the body.
    (SFC, 12/18/09, p.A28)
2009        Dec 14, Dr. Walter Stamm (b.1945), a pioneer in the treatment of urinary tract infections, died in Seattle. He demonstrated that many cases of PID are caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and developed a test for the organism.
    (SSFC, 12/27/09, p.C8)
2009        Dec 14, In Afghanistan 16 policemen were killed in two separate attacks. 8 police were killed by militants in Baghlan province. Taliban fighters attacked an outpost in Lashkar Gah, the capital of Helmand province, killing another 8 policemen.
    (AP, 12/14/09)(SFC, 12/15/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 14, Austria’s Finance Minister Josef Proell said Austria will nationalize the Hypo Group Alpe-Adria to prevent its collapse. The bank with assets across the Balkans went on to lose $634 million in the first half of 2010.
    (Econ, 9/11/10, p.63)
2009        Dec 14, In Bolivia’s presidential runner-up Manfred Reyes Villa crossed over the Peruvian border and then flew to the US the following day to escape election-fraud charges.
    (AP, 12/31/09)
2009        Dec 14, Human Rights Watch said a UN-backed Congolese military operation to oust rebels from eastern Congo has caused more civilian casualties than damage to rebels, with more than 1,400 people deliberately killed over a nine-month period.
    (AP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, In Denmark China, India and other developing nations boycotted UN climate talks, bringing negotiations to a halt with their demand that rich countries discuss much deeper cuts in their greenhouse gas emissions. Representatives from 135 developing countries said they refused to participate in any formal working groups at the 192-nation summit until the issue was resolved. African nations agreed to resume UN climate talks in Copenhagen after a half-day suspension, accusing rich countries of trying to kill the existing Kyoto Protocol.
    (AP, 12/14/09)(Reuters, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, The Dubai government said it will pay 4.1 billion dollars to cover maturing Islamic bonds issued by its Nakheel property developer after receiving a 10-billion-dollar handout from oil-rich Abu Dhabi.
    (AFP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, In Egypt a 2-day regional conference ended addressing for the first time the once taboo topic of sexual harassment. Activists said the sexual harassment of women in the streets, schools and work places of the Arab world was driving them to cover up and confine themselves to their homes.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 14, Cyclone Mick hit Fiji. Thousands of villagers fled to shelters as the tropical cyclone battered the South Pacific nation, causing flooding, damaging homes and power lines, and killing three people.
    (AP, 12/15/09)
2009        Dec 14, India's inflation rate jumped to its highest level in 10 months, according to official data, raising pressure on the central bank to begin reversing deep interest rate cuts. The wholesale inflation rate climbed by a larger-than-expected 4.78% in November from a year earlier after rising by 1.34% in October.
    (AFP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, Iran's main opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi vowed more anti-government protests as the authorities announced several arrests over a reported insult to Islamic revolution founder Ayatollah Khomeini.
    (AF    P, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, Gulf leaders arrived in Kuwait for a two-day annual summit with the global recession's impact on their economies, fighting in Yemen and Iran's nuclear drive high on the agenda.
    (AP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, Morocco charged that Aminatou Haidar, a Sahrawi activist on hunger strike in Spain's Canary Islands, is part of a "systematic, methodical plot devised by Algeria." Haidar (42) has been on hunger strike for almost a month on Lanzarote, after being refused entry to the Western Sahara, which is territory occupied by and claimed by Morocco.
    (AFP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, In Nigeria 23 people burned to death when a bus carrying mourners to a funeral collided with a truck on a road in southwest Oyo state.
    (AFP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, Tens of thousands of Hamas supporters thronged downtown Gaza City to mark the 22nd anniversary of the group's founding. Hamas PM Ismail Haniya told tens of thousands of Hamas supporters his group remains committed to the elimination of Israel.
    (AP, 12/14/09)(AFP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, In Rwanda Valerie Bemeriki, a former journalist, was sentenced to life in prison for her role in inciting genocide, in the latest of a series of trials for the 1994 slaughter.
    (AFP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, In Somalia a community leader said an explosion of an old land mine has killed six children from the same family near the border with Ethiopia.
    (AP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, Spain’s National Court in Madrid found 11 men guilty of belonging to a terrorist organization and sentenced them to up to 14 years in prison. 9 were of Pakistani nationality or origin and 2 were from India. They  had been accused of planning attacks in Barcelona.
    (SFC, 12/15/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 14, Sudanese police fired tear gas, used water cannons and rounded up dozens of opposition supporters in a bid to halt a pro-democracy rally outside parliament.
    (AFP, 12/14/09)
2009        Dec 14, The World Health Organization (WHO) said polio has re-emerged in several African countries where it had been eradicated, at the start of a conference on child immunization in Zimbabwe.
    (AP, 12/14/09)

2010        Dec 14, The US Coast Guard named Rear. Adm. Sandra Stosz (50) to lead its academy at New London, Conn., beginning next summer.
    (SFC, 12/15/10, p.A16)
2010        Dec 14, The US District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia ordered San Francisco-based Twitter Inc. to hand over private messages, billing addresses and connection records of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange and other alleged associates, including the US Army intelligence analyst suspected of handing classified information to the site and a high-profile Icelandic parliamentarian. A second document, dated Jan. 5, unsealed the court order.
    (AP, 1/8/11)
2010        Dec 14, In Arizona a shootout between border patrol agents and bandits near the border with Mexico left American agent Brian A. Terry (40) dead and a suspect wounded. On May 6, 2011, Manuel Osorio-Arellanes of El Fuerte, Mexico, was indicted for 2nd degree murder. On July 9, 2012, a federal grand jury indictment named 6 people involved in Terry’s killing. A $1 million reward was offered to help track 4 fugitives in the case. On Feb 10, 2014 Osorio-Arellanes was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/16/10)(SFC, 5/7/11, p.A4)(SFC, 7/10/12, p.A6)(SFC, 2/11/14, p.A5)
2010        Dec 14, In California a mother loading her 2-year-old son into an SUV was killed and six others were wounded in a gunbattle at a strip mall in south Sacramento. A 2nd victim, Marvion Barksdale (20), died at a hospital of his injuries.
    (AP, 12/15/10)(SFC, 12/16/10, p.E3)
2010        Dec 14, In Florida gunman Clay A. Duke opened fire at a school board meeting in Panama City. He killed himself following an exchange of shots with a security guard.
    (SFC, 12/15/10, p.A8)
2010        Dec 14, In Nevada an armed bandit escaped on a motorcycle after stealing $1.5 million in casino chips from the Bellagio resort. On Feb 3 police identified suspect Anthony M. Carleo (29) of Las Vegas as the bandit. Carleo was booked under the name Anthony M. Assad. On Aug 23, 2011, Carleo was sentenced to at least 3 years in prison.
    (SFC, 12/15/10, p.A8)(SFC, 2/4/11, p.A7)(SFC, 8/24/11, p.A5)
2010        Dec 14, In Missouri Secret Santa II hit the streets in a long-standing Kansas City tradition of handing out $100 bills, sometimes several at a time, to unsuspecting strangers in thrift stores, food pantries and shelters.
    (AP, 12/14/10)
2010        Dec 14, A new US survey said about 6% of high school seniors reported smoking marijuana daily.
    (SFC, 12/15/10, p.A1)
2010        Dec 14, San Jose, Ca., adopted the strictest ban on plastic bags in the state.
    (SFC, 12/15/10, p.C3)
2010        Dec 14, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member died from a roadside bomb. Jordanian-Palestinian militant Mahmoud Abu Reidah (38) was killed by US forces. An al-Qaida operative better known as Abu Rasmi, he was granted political asylum in Britain in 1998.
    (AP, 12/14/10)(AP, 12/22/10)
2010        Dec 14, Angolan President Jose Eduardo dos Santos started a historic first state visit to South Africa, a trip aimed at ending decades-long enmity between two of the region's major economies.
    (AFP, 12/14/10)
2010        Dec 14, In Bangladesh a devastating blaze raced through a garment factory near the capital, killing at least 29 people and injuring more than 100.
    (AP, 12/14/10)(AP, 12/15/10)
2010        Dec 14, A report, "High and Dry," by the Shan Sapawa Environmental Organization and the Shan Women's Action Network, said local trade and transport on the river in northern Myanmar near a border trade crossing with China has been severely affected by unpredictable daily changes in the water level since the completion in mid-2010 of the 360-foot (110-m) tall Longjiang Dam about 19 miles (30 km) upstream.
    (AP, 12/14/10)
2010        Dec 14, EU Parliament President Jerzy Buzek said that Guillermo Farinas, whose 134-day hunger strike helped draw attention to the plight of Cuban political dissidents, would be represented by an empty chair at the midweek ceremony to award the Sakharov Prize for the Freedom of Thought.
    (AP, 12/14/10)
2010        Dec 14, Amnesty International accused the European Union and Libya of cooperating to prevent migrants from Africa from reaching Europe.
    (AFP, 12/14/10)
2010        Dec 14, In Haiti Michel "Sweet Micky" Martelly, the popular singer-turned-presidential candidate, called for the electoral commission to be replaced and the vote redone with all the original candidates involved. His apparent loss in flawed elections helped spark days of rioting.
    (AP, 12/14/10)
2010        Dec 14, In India a bus carrying wedding guests plunged into a reservoir killing 29 people in Karnataka state.
    (SFC, 12/15/10, p.A2)
2010        Dec 14, Israel barred a group of Palestinian firefighters who helped battle the country's worst wildfire from attending a ceremony in their honor, the latest in a series of embarrassments over Israel's handling of the blaze.
    (AP, 12/14/10)
2010        Dec 14, In Italy protesters set cars alight and hurled cobblestones at police in chaotic scenes in central Rome after PM Silvio Berlusconi won a crucial confidence vote in parliament. Over 100 people were injured including around police.
    (AFP, 12/14/10)(Econ, 12/18/10, p.95)
2010        Dec 14, Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi pushed again his dream for a sole African government and was backed by Senegal's President Abdoulaye Wade as he urged the creation of a single African army.
    (AFP, 12/14/10)
2010        Dec 14, Mexico’s death toll in drug-related violence in the border city of Ciudad Juarez rose to 3,000 this year after 2 men were shot dead on a street.
    (AP, 12/14/10)
2010        Dec 14, A Nigerian official said Nigeria has negotiated a 250 million dollar settlement deal that would see it drop charges against US ex-vice president Dick Cheney and others over a bribery scandal.
    (AFP, 12/14/10)
2010        Dec 14, In the central Philippines suspected communist guerrillas killed 10 army soldiers returning to their camp after being recalled from combat two days before a Christmas cease-fire. A boy (9) also was killed in the crossfire when the New People's Army guerrillas detonated land mines then opened fire on the soldiers near where villagers were swimming in a river in Northern Samar province.
    (AP, 12/15/10)
2010        Dec 14, A Sri Lanka official said security forces have stepped up a campaign to arrest some 50,000 military deserters, after reports that absent soldiers were increasingly involved in crime.
    (AFP, 12/14/10)
2010        Dec 14, Sudanese authorities arrested about 30 women who tried to hold a protest in Khartoum against the brutal police whipping of a young woman shown in a video posted on YouTube and charged them with disrupting public order.
    (AFP, 12/14/10)
2010        Dec 14, The IMF said Togo's foreign debt will be slashed more than 80% after the African nation took steps to recover from economic crisis.
    (AP, 12/14/10)
2010        Dec 14, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez asked congress to grant him special powers to enact laws by decree for one year, just before a new legislature takes office with a larger contingent of opposition lawmakers.
    (AP, 12/14/10)

2011        Dec 14, A new US federal government report said one of every 15 high school students smokes marijuana on a near daily basis, as alcohol, cigarette and drug use continued a slow decline.
    (SFC, 12/15/11, p.A9)
2011        Dec 14, Time Magazine named “The Protester" as the person of the year.
    (SFC, 12/15/11, p.A1)
2011        Dec 14, In NYC advertising executive Suzanne Hart (41) was killed in a freak elevator mishap at 285 Madison Avenue. Hart was stepping onto the elevator on the first floor when either her foot or leg became caught in the closing doors. The car then rose abruptly, dragging her body into the shaft and killing her. Investigators later found that a key safety mechanism was turned off.
    (AP, 12/15/11)(SFC, 12/15/11, p.A9)(SFC, 2/28/12, p.A5)
2011        Dec 14, In Afghanistan Massoud Khan, district chief of Khanishin, Helmand province, was killed in a roadside bombing along with two bodyguards.
    (SFC, 12/15/11, p.A6)
2011        Dec 14, Algeria passed a media law that drew scorn from journalists, rights activists and opposition legislators who charged that it restricts freedom of expression. The law promises press freedom but also lists 12 areas in which journalists must tread carefully to avoid undermining Algeria's national identity, sovereignty and security and the country's economic interests.
    (AFP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, Colombia's government and the UN Office of Drugs and Crime released a new study that said more than 3,000 square miles (800,000 hectares) of Colombia's woodlands have been cleared since 1981 in the planting and destruction of drug crops. According to the UN, Colombia had 240 square miles (62,000 hectares) of coca under cultivation last year.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, CongoDRC opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi's party called for mass protests to "protect" the victory he claims to have won in disputed presidential polls.
    (AFP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, Egyptians turned out in large numbers to vote in the second round of parliamentary elections that have become a stiff competition between dominant Islamist parties likely to steer the country in a more religious direction. A military court sentenced a political activist to two years in prison after convicting him of criticizing the armed forces and publishing false information. Maikel Nabil Sanad was arrested in March and sentenced to three years, but the case was appealed and sent for retrial.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, European Parliament lawmakers blocked a deal allowing special access for EU fishermen to Moroccan waters, prompting Rabat to issue an immediate ban on European fishing boats. European lawmakers said they wanted to wanted to wait until the interests of Western Sahara trawlers were taken on board before agreeing to a 12-month extension.
    (AFP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, In Guyana a 34-year-old woman told reporters in the South American country that Chief Henry Greene took her to a hotel and raped her. She alleges the incident occurred in late November. The US revoked Greene's visa in 2006 over alleged links to drug trafficking. Greene was soon placed on leave and in January Jamaica sent a team of detectives to probe the rape allegations.
    (AP, 12/15/11)(AP, 1/5/12)
2011        Dec 14, An Indian newspaper reported that plans were being finalized for a Taliban office in the Gulf state of Qatar.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 14, Israeli police detained six Jewish extremists following a series of attacks on mosques and Israeli military bases. Unknown arsonists torched an inactive Jerusalem mosque, provoking calls in Israel for a more effective crackdown on Jewish extremists.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, Italian far-right author Gianluca Casseri (50) shot dead two Senegalese men and wounded three others before killing himself in a daylight shooting spree in Florence that prompted outpourings of grief.
    (AFP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, Kashmiri shopkeeper Tariq Ahmad Bhat died two weeks after anti-India protesters allegedly beat him for refusing to close his store during a strike. Four people accused of beating him have been arrested.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 14, In Mexico 3 bodies were discovered in Guadalajara, two days after two college students in nearby Guerrero state were killed in a clash with police after student protesters hijacked buses, used them to block a highway and fought officers with rocks and sticks. The Jalisco state prosecutors office said it is investigating whether the bodies belong to any of five people who were reported missing after they complained last week that the student group was demanding protection money for allowing them to sell snacks outside a campus.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 14, In Romania two self-professed witches were detained on blackmail and extortion charges in a high-profile case involving a TV star and reportedly other public figures.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, In Russia a loyalist to PM Vladimir Putin who served as the speaker of parliament resigned in a move that appeared to be part of the government's effort to stem public anger over alleged fraud in this month's parliamentary election.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, In Russia Boris Chertok (99), a rocket designer who played a key role in engineering Soviet-era space programs, died in Moscow. He was closely involved in putting the world's first satellite in orbit on Oct. 4, 1957, and preparing the first human flight to space by Yuri Gagarin on April, 12 1961.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, In Somalia a rowdy parliament session degenerated into fistfights and kicks after disagreements over the sacking of speaker Sharif Hassan Sheikh Adan. Supporters of Sheikh Adan argued that his impeachment a day earlier did not follow procedure. 
    (AFP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, Amnesty International accused Spanish authorities of using racial and ethnic profiling, with police singling out people who are not white in order to meet quotas.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, In Sri Lanka thousands of produce traders protested for a third day, halting business at the capital's central market over a new rule demanding that fruit and vegetables be transported in plastic baskets rather than sacks.
    (AP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, Syrian Army defectors killed at least eight Syrian troops in an act of revenge after security forces shot dead five civilians.
    (AFP, 12/14/11)
2011        Dec 14, The Tanzania-based court said it has overturned several convictions against former Rwandan Ministry of Defense director Col. Theoneste Bagosora. The court reduced his life sentence to 35 years. Bagosora had been sentenced in 2008 at the age of 67. The court also reduced the life sentence of former military commander Anatole Nsengiyumva to 15 years and released him for time served.
    (AP, 12/15/11)
2011        Dec 14, Tunisia's new president, Moncef Marzouki, asked the secretary general of the Islamist party that dominated last month's elections to form the next government. Hamadi Jebali has three weeks to form the next interim government.
    (AP, 12/14/11)

2012        Dec 14, The Obama administration announced a new air pollution standard. This marked the first time that the EPA has tightened the soot standard since it was established in 1997.
    (SFC, 12/15/12, p.A8)
2012        Dec 14, The Pentagon said the US will send two batteries of Patriot missiles and 400 troops to Turkey as part of a NATO force meant to protect Turkish territory from potential Syrian missile attack.
    (AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Dec 14, The US DEA said over 2 dozen people have been charged in San Diego in a scheme to smuggle drugs into California from Mexico. The bust netted over 1,000 pouns of methamphetamine, 200 pounds of cocaine and 28 pound of heroin.
    (SFC, 12/15/12, p.A7)
2012        Dec 14, Adam Lanza (20) killed 27 people, 18 of them small children, in a shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn., about 65 miles northeast of New York City. He killed his mother at home before the rampage at the school.   
    (http://tinyurl.com/bun8wgb)(AP, 12/15/12)
2012        Dec 14, In San Francisco Frederick Dozier Jr. (33), a school cafeteria worker, was sentenced to 373 years to life in prison for assaulting 3 women in the Mission District in 2011.
    (SSFC, 12/16/12, p.C11)
2012        Dec 14, Oklahoma police arrested Sammie Eaglebear Chavez (18) on charges that he had plotted to shoot students at Bartlesville High School.
    (SSFC, 12/16/12, p.A12)
2012        Dec 14, In Belgium twin 45-year-old men, whose names were not been made public, were legally put to death by lethal injection at the Brussels University Hospital in Jette. They were euthanized by their doctor after realizing they were going blind and would be unable to see each other ever again.
    (abcNews, 1/14/13)
2012        Dec 14, Canadian Immigration Minister Jason Kenney said Canada will crack down on what it says is a wave of fake refugee claims from European Union nationals and deny the right of appeal to those deemed to be bogus applicants.
    (Reuters, 12/14/12)
2012        Dec 14, Chile's government apologized to a lesbian judge who was denied custody of her three daughters in 2004 because she is gay. Chile said it will pay Magistrate Karen Atala $70,000 and grant her medical and psychological treatment.The ruling followed Chile's approval this year of an anti-discrimination law.
    (AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Dec 14, China provided the United Nations with detailed claims to waters in the East China Sea, apparently padding out its legal argument in an ongoing territorial dispute with Japan.
    (AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Dec 14, Chinese authorities said they have arrested a legislator found to have four wives. Li Junwen (43), an appointed representative from Xiaodian and the Communist Party head of the village of Xiquan, Shanxi province, also had 10 children, and had been detained on suspicion of document forgery.
    (AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Dec 14, In China Min Yongjun (36), a resident of Guangshan, burst into the home of an elderly woman and stabbed her with a kitchen knife. He then took a kitchen knife and hacked at more 22 children as they entered their rural Chenpeng Village Primary School. On Dec 13, 2013, Yongjun was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 12/15/12)(AFP, 12/13/13)
2012        Dec 14, Egyptian Islamists clashed with opponents of a draft constitution in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria after an ultraconservative cleric called on worshippers to approve the charter in a referendum.
    (AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Dec 14, French mountaineer Maurice Herzog died (93), six decades after his 1950 Annapurna climb made him a household name.
    (AP, 12/15/12)
2012        Dec 14, A boat capsized early today off the northeastern island of Lesvos, near the Turkish coast. Greek coast guard officials found the bodies of 18 Asian people who were trying to cross illegally into Greece.
    (AP, 12/15/12)
2012        Dec 14, Guinean authorities and trade unions agreed to give civil servants a pay raise of 50 percent over the next year. The raises would be applied in three phases of 10, 15 and 25 percent before the end of 2013.
    (AP, 12/17/12)
2012        Dec 14, Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman announced he is resigning a day after an indictment for breach of trust was filed against him by the country's attorney general.
    (AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Dec 14, Kazakhstan's Pres. Nursultan Nazarbayev (72) announced a raft of reforms for this energy-rich, authoritarian state, ranging from having more direct local and regional elections to imposing the use of the Latin alphabet for the Kazakh language.
    (AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Dec 14, Kenya’s government decided that all refugees and asylum seekers from Somalia must return to the large refugee camp complex known as Dadaab, a seemingly endless expanse of refugee housing on the sands of Kenya close to the Somali border. More than 400,000 refugees live in Dadaab, the largest refugee camp in the world.
    (AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Dec 14, A magnitude 6.4 earthquake was recorded at 2:36 a.m. in the Pacific Ocean 167 miles west southwest of Rosarito, Mexico. There were no immediate reports of damage or injuries.
    (AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Dec 14, Russian investigators accused Alexei Navalny (36), a prominent opposition leader, and his brother of fraud and money-laundering, intensifying legal pressure on the anti-Kremlin protest movement as it prepares to hold its next big demonstration this weekend.
    (AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Dec 14, In Russia Dmitry Pavlyuchenkov, a former senior police officer, was found guilty for his role in the slaying of journalist Anna Politkovskaya in 2006. He was sentenced to 11 years in prison.
    (SFC, 12/15/12, p.A6)
2012        Dec 14, In Serbia a judge ordered Miroslav Miskovic (67), the country’s richest, man to be held in prison for 30 days pending trial on suspicion of corruption. Miskovic was arrested Dec 12 along with his son Marko and eight others in connection with the privatization of several Serbian road construction companies in 2005. The government hailed his arrest as proof that no one is above the law in the graft-plagued country.
    (AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Dec 14, In Somalia a suicide car bomb explosion in Mogadishu killed only the bomber. 3 bystanders were wounded.
    (AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Dec 14, Tunisia’s justice minister said Sakhr Materi, the son-in-law of former Pres. Zine al-Abidine Ban Ali, was arrested in the Seychelles on an int’l. warrant over the embezzlement of state funds last year.
    (SFC, 12/15/12, p.A2)
2012        Dec 14, Envoys from nearly 90 nations signed the first new UN telecommunications treaty since the Internet age, but the US and other Western nations refused to join after claiming it endorses greater government control over cyberspace. The Int’l. Telecommunications Union (ITU) has no technical powers to change how the Internet operates or force countries to follow its nonbinding accords.
    (AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Dec 14, In Yemen 2 militants were killed in airstrikes in southern Abyan province. 4 militants died when the military shelled their positions in Marib province, to the east of Sanaa.
    (AP, 12/14/12)

2013        Dec 14, In southern California 4 people died in a car crash in Compton as a car with 3 male occupants fled sheriff’s deputies and ran a red light striking another car driven by a woman in her 20s.
    (SSFC, 12/15/13, p.A12)
2013        Dec 14, Visiting Afghan President Hamid Karzai said in New Delhi he no longer "trusts" the United States, accusing the Americans of saying one thing and doing another in his troubled homeland.
    (AFP, 12/14/13)
2013        Dec 14, Brazil was rocked by a fourth fatal World Cup stadium accident as a young construction worker fell to his death.
    (AFP, 12/14/13)
2013        Dec 14, Peter O'Toole (b.1932), the star of "Lawrence of Arabia," died in London.
    (AP, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 14, In the Central African Republic a mob in Bangui hacked a Muslim motorcyclist to death in the Combattant district not far from the airport. Moments later residents brandished the man's cut-off hands.
    (AFP, 12/14/13)
2013        Dec 14, Chinese state media said authorities have detained 1,300 people for producing and selling fake medicine as part of an intensified government crackdown.
    (Reuters, 12/14/13)
2013        Dec 14, China successfully carried out the world's first soft landing of a space probe on the moon in nearly four decades.
    (AP, 12/14/13)
2013        Dec 14, In CongoDRC unknown assailants over the last 24 hours killed people 21 in the villages of Musuku and Mwenda, in the eastern territory of Beni. The victims, including women and children, were found hacked to death and some were mutilated.
    (AP, 12/17/13)
2013        Dec 14, In Egypt an Egyptian Copt was sentenced to life in prison as 10 others got jail terms from six months to 15 years over sectarian deaths in April.
    (AFP, 12/14/13)
2013        Dec 14, Iran said it has successfully sent a monkey into space for a second time, part of an ambitious program aimed at manned space flight.
    (AP, 12/14/13)
2013        Dec 14, Iran’s semi-official Fars news agency reported that Iranian intelligence authorities have arrested a man on charges of spying for Britain's MI6.
    (Reuters, 12/14/13)
2013        Dec 14, Iran said it has canceled a planned $500 million loan to Pakistan to build part of a pipeline to bring natural gas from the Islamic Republic.
    (AP, 12/14/13)
2013        Dec 14, In Iraq bombings and a shooting killed 12 people around Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/14/13)(SSFC, 12/15/13, p.A8)
2013        Dec 14, Japan and Southeast Asian countries (ASEAN) called for freedom of the air and sea, as China's military assertiveness raises regional tensions.
    (AP, 12/14/13)
2013        Dec 14, In Kenya a suspected grenade attack on a minibus in Nairobi killed 4 people near a Somali-dominated area of the city. 2 more died of their wounds the next day. One person was killed and three injured in a double explosion at a market in the town of Wajir.
    (Reuters, 12/14/13)(AFP, 12/15/13)(AP, 12/15/13)
2013        Dec 14, In Mali a car bomb killed two UN Senegalese peacekeepers and destroyed the only operating bank in the northern town of Kidal, one day before a second round of parliamentary elections.
    (Reuters, 12/14/13)
2013        Dec 14, In Mexico 10 charred bodies were found in a burnt-out truck in southern Oaxaca state. Another corpse was found shot in the head a short distance away from the truck near the town of Santiago Juxtlahuaca.
    (Reuters, 12/14/13)
2013        Dec 14, Rescue workers evacuated more than 5,000 Gaza Strip residents from homes flooded by four days of heavy rain, using fishing boats and heavy construction equipment to pluck some of those trapped from upper floors.
    (AP, 12/14/13)
2013        Dec 14, In Portugal a group of students plunged into the winter surf off Meco, a small village south of Lisbon where they had rented a house. Over the next 12 days their corpses were discovered one by one. Four women and two men perished, all aged between 21 and 24.
    (AFP, 1/28/14)
2013        Dec 14, In Thailand leaders of the protest movement trying to overthrow the government outlined their aims at an armed forces seminar, but military leaders declined to take sides or say if a February election should take place.
    (Reuters, 12/14/13)
2013        Dec 14, Tunisia's political parties chose Industry Minister Mehdi Jomaa (50) to head a government of independent figures aimed at pulling the country out of a months-long crisis.
    (AFP, 12/14/13)(SSFC, 12/15/13, p.A8)
2013        Dec 14, Dissident Ugandan General David Sejusa launched an opposition party in London and said it was time for President Yoweri Museveni to end his 28-year rule, a fresh challenge to a leader who is now among the longest serving in Africa.
    (Reuters, 12/14/13)
2013        Dec 14, Tens of thousands of Ukrainians rallied in support of President Viktor Yanukovich in central Kiev, separated by a line of riot police from anti-government protesters who have camped out for weeks in a nearby square. Authorities conceded to one of the demands of weeks-long protests, opening investigations against four top officials and suspending two of them from office over the violent police response to a small demonstration last month.
    (Reuters, 12/14/13)(AP, 12/14/13)

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