Today in History - December 16

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755        Dec 16, The An Lushan rebellion began when general An Lushan declared himself emperor in Northern China, establishing a rival Yan Dynasty. The rebellion was quashed in 763.
    (Econ, 6/9/12, p.87)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/An_Lushan_Rebellion)

1431        Dec 16, Henry VI of England was crowned King of France.
    (HN, 12/16/98)

1485        Dec 16, Katherine of Argon, first wife of Henry VIII, was born.
    (HN, 12/16/98)

1631        Dec 16, In Italy Mount Vesuvius erupted and destroyed 6 villages. Some 3.5-4,000 people were killed.
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, p.T8)(MC, 12/16/01)

1653        Dec 16, Oliver Cromwell took on dictatorial powers with the title of lord protector" of England, Scotland and Ireland. He served as dictator of England to 1658.
    (CFA, '96, p.44)(AHD, p.315)(AP, 12/16/97)(HN, 12/16/98)

1687        Dec 16, William Petty (b.1623), English designer, inventor and pioneering economist, died in London. He came up with the “quantity theory of money" and was the first to measure gross domestic product (GDP).
    (Econ, 12/21/13, p.116)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Petty)

1689        Dec 16, English Parliament adopted a Bill of Rights after Glorious Revolution. The Bill of Rights included a right to bear arms. William and Mary gave it Royal Assent which represented the end of the concept of divine right of kings.
    (WSJ, 8/6/02, p.D6)(www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon49.html)

1740        Dec 16, Prussia’s Frederick the Great seized Silesia from the newly crowned Archduchess of Austria. She sent troops to reconquer Silesia. A showdown battle occurred on April 10, 1741, in Silesia at Mollwitz. Most of Silesia was seized by King Frederick the Great of Prussia in the War of the Austrian Succession.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silesia)(Econ 6/3/17, p.48)

1770        Dec 16, Ludwig Von Beethoven (d.1827), German composer best known for his 9th Symphony, was born in Bonn. His Sixth Symphony “Pastorale" was in F-Major. Locks of his hair were cut off after his death and preserved by a number of collectors.
    (CFA, '96, p.60)(WUD, 1994, p.134)(WSJ, 5/29/96, p.A1,5)(AP, 12/16/97)(SFC, 7/7/98, p.B3)(HN, 12/16/98)

1773        Dec 16, Some 50-60 “Sons of Liberty" of revolutionary Samuel Adams disguised as Mohawks defied the 3 cents per pound tax on tea boarded a British East India Tea Company ship and dumped 342 chests of British tea into the Boston Harbor in what became known as the Boston Tea Party. Parliament had passed the 1773 Tea Act not to regulate trade or make the colonies pay their own administrative costs, but to save the nearly bankrupt British East India Tea Company. The Tea Act gave the company a monopoly over the American tea trade and authorized the sale of 17 million pounds of tea in America at prices cheaper than smuggled Dutch tea. In spite of the savings, Americans would not accept what they considered to be taxation without representation. Overreacting to the Boston Tea Party, the British attempted to punish Boston and the whole colony of Massachusetts with the Intolerable Acts of 1774--another in the series of events that ultimately led to American independence. A bill for the tea ($196) was paid Sep 30, 1961.
    (HFA, '96, p.44)(A&IP, Miers, p.18)(SFEC, 11/23/97, Par p.14)(AP, 12/16/97) (HNPD, 12/16/98)(MC, 9/30/01)

1774        Dec 16, Francois Quesnay (b.1694), French economist, died. He was the first to think of the economy as a system of interacting parts to be judged by the necessities and conveniences it produces. Quesnay wrote his Tableau Économique (1758), renowned for its famous "zig-zag" depiction of income flows between economic sectors.
    (Econ, 8/7/10, p.84)(www.economyprofessor.com/theorists/francoisquesnay.php)

1775        Dec 16, Jane Austin (d.1817), novelist, was born in Hampshire, England, as the 6th of 7 children [7th of 8]. Her work included “Sense and Sensibility" (1811), “Pride and Prejudice" (1812), “Mansfield Park" (1814) “Lady Susan" and “Emma" (1815). Her books “Persuasion" (1817) and “Northanger Abbey" were published posthumously. "One does not love a place the less for having suffered in it unless it has all been suffering, nothing but suffering." Two biographies were published in 1997 with the same title: “Jane Austen: A Life," one by Calire Tomalin and the other by David Nokes.
    (SFEC, 5/11/97, BR p.10)(Hem., 5/97, p.102)(AP, 5/31/97)(SFEC, 11/9/97, BR p.4) (WSJ, 11/17/97, p.A24) (HN, 12/16/98)

1809        Dec 16, Napoleon Bonaparte was divorced from the Empress Josephine by an act of the French Senate. Metternich had convinced Francis I of Austria to offer his daughter Marie Louise as a bride to Napoleon.
    (AP, 12/16/97)(ON, 5/04, p.2)

1811        Dec 15-16, A 7.3 earthquake struck the central US on the Mississippi River. It was centered at New Madrid, Missouri, and reversed the course of the Mississippi for a while. Aftershocks continued into 1812. In 1976 James Penick Jr. authored "The New Madrid Earthquakes of 1811-1812." Three intraplate tremblers hit New Madrid.
    (HC, 6/7/98)(ON, 10/99, p.5,6)(SFC, 2/24/01, p.A10)(NH, 3/1/04, p.66)

1817        Dec 16, The Georgia legislature enacted laws that defined the common boundary with Tennessee and created a boundary commission to jointly survey and mark the state border.
    (www.profsurv.com/archive.php?article=1215&issue=86)

1835        Dec 16, A fire in New York City destroyed property estimated to be worth $20,000,000. Beginning in a store at Pearl and Merchant (Hanover) Streets, it lasted two days, ravaged 17 blocks (52 acres), and destroyed 674 buildings including the Stock Exchange, Merchants' Exchange, Post Office, and the South Dutch Church. 13 acres were scorched. 23 of the city’s 26 fire-insurance companies were forced into bankruptcy.
    (HN, 12/16/98)(WSJ, 9/14/00, p.A24)(WSJ, 9/4/02, p.B1)

1838        Dec 16, Boers led by Andreas Pretorius defeated the Zulus in the Battle of Blood River and settled in Natal. The Afrikaners while escaping from British rule encountered resistance from the native black peoples. In the Battle of Blood River a few hundred Boers repelled an attack by more than 10,000 warriors of the Zulu king Dingaan.
    (EWH, 4th ed, p.885)(NG, Oct. 1988, p. 563)

1847         Dec 16, Mary Catherwood (d.1901), American novelist, was born in Luray, Ohio. "Next to the slanderer, we detest the bearer of the slander to our ears."
    (http://ntweb1.cpl.org/ocb/index.php?q=node/11&id=149)(AP, 6/9/97)

1863        Dec 16, Confederate General Joseph Johnston took command of the Army of Tennessee, replacing Lt. General William Hardee.
    (HN, 12/16/98)

1864        Dec 16, Union forces under General George H. Thomas routed Confederate forces under Gen. Hood at the battle at Nashville, Tenn. There were some 4,400 casualties.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.20)(HN, 12/16/98)(AH, 10/02, p.43)

1882        Dec 16, Walther Meissner, German physicist (Meissner effect), was born.
    (MC, 12/16/01)

1890        Dec 16, Harlan Sanders, founder and CEO of Kentucky Fried Chicken, was born. [see Sep 9]
    (MC, 12/16/01)

1897        Dec 16, The 1st submarine with an internal combustion engine was demonstrated.
    (MC, 12/16/01)

1898        Dec 16, Pavel Tretyakov (b.1832), founder of Moscow’s Tretyakov Gallery, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pavel_Tretyakov)

1899        Dec 16, Sir Noel Coward (d.1973), the English actor, playwright and composer, was born in London. "I love criticism just so long as it's unqualified praise."
    (AP, 12/16/99)

1904        Dec 16, Japanese warships quit Port Arthur in order to cut off the Russian Baltic fleet’s advance.
    (HN, 12/16/98)

1905        Dec 16, The entertainment trade publication Variety came out with its first weekly issue.
    (AP, 12/16/97)

1907        Dec. 16, US Navy battleships, which came to be known collectively as the "Great White Fleet," set sail from Hampton Roads, Va., on a 14-month round-the-world voyage at the order of President Theodore Roosevelt, who wanted to demonstrate American sea power.
    (AP, 12/16/07)

1913        Dec 16, Charlie Chaplin began his film career at Keystone for $150 a week.
    (MC, 12/16/01)

1916        Dec 16, Gregory Rasputin (45), the Russian monk and confidant to Czarina Alexandra, was assassinated by Prince Yussoupov (Youssoupoff). The monk who had wielded powerful influence over the Russian court, was murdered by a group of noblemen. He was fed cakes and wine laced with cyanide, then shot a number of times and finally drowned. In 1957 Youssoupoff (d.1967) authored a memoir in France that in 2003 was translated into English: Lost Splendor: The Amazing Memoirs of the Man Who Killed Rasputin." A TV version of Rasputin was made for HBO in 1996. [see Dec 30]
    (WSJ, 3/25/96, p.A-15)(AP, 12/16/97)(SSFC, 11/30/03, p.M4)

1917        Dec 16, Arthur C. Clark, English science fiction writer, was born. "Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic." He is best remembered for his book "The Sentinel," the source of Kubrick’s film "2001: A Space Odyssey."
    (AP, 12/16/97)(HN, 12/16/99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_C._Clarke)

1920        Dec 16, In China an 8.6 earthquake in the northwestern provinces of Gansu and Shanxi caused massive landslides and the deaths of 100,000- 200,000 people.
    (SFC, 1/800, p.A8)(www.ig.utexas.edu/research/projects/eq/faq/world.htm)

1922        Dec 16, Gabriel Narutowicz (b.1865), a Lithuanian-born, Swiss banking engineer and Poland’s first post WWI president was assassinated while attending an art exhibition, in the National Gallery of Art.
    (Econ, 6/18/11, p.89)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gabriel_Narutowicz)

1930        Dec 16, In Spain, a general strike was called in support of the revolution.
    (HN, 12/16/98)

1937        Dec 16, Two men from Oklahoma escaped from Alcatraz Island Federal Penitentiary. Warden Johnson suspected that Theodore Cole (26), a kidnapper serving 50 years, and Ralph Roe, a bank robber serving 99 years, had died in the bay.
    (SSFC, 12/16/12, DB p.42)

1939        Dec 16, National Women’s Party urged immediate congressional action on equal rights.
    (HN, 12/16/98)

1940        Dec 16, British carried out an air raid on Italian Somalia.
    (HN, 12/16/98)

1943        Dec 16, Steven Bochco, producer (Hill St Blues, LA Law, St Elsewhere, NYPD Blue), was born.
    (MC, 12/16/01)

1944        Dec 16, The Germans mounted a major surprise counterattack in the Ardennes Forest in Belgium. As the center of the Allied line fell back, it created a bulge, leading to the name--the Battle of the Bulge. Hitler hoped to cripple the advance Allies by breaking through their lines to destroy fuel supplies and lines of communication. The striking force (the Fifth and Sixth Panzer Armies) amounted to 24 divisions, 10 of them armored. The German attack achieved total surprise, but slowed by the end of December due to German supply problems and Allied resistance. Between January 8-16, in the face of a fierce Allied counteroffensive, the Germans finally withdrew. By January 21, the Germans had been pushed back to their original line, having lost some 120,000 men in the offensive. The Allies suffered 81,000 casualties including some 19,000 Americans killed. In 1997 Charles B. MacDonald authored “A Time for Trumpets: The Untold Story of the Battle of the Bulge."
    (AP, 12/16/97)(HN, 12/16/98)(HNQ, 7/11/01)(WSJ, 12/7/04, p.D11)
1944        Dec 16, US Army Lt. Charles P. Murray Jr. (1921-2011) single-handedly overcame a force of some 200 Germans in northeastern France. He killed at least 20 enemy soldiers and with his platoon captured 10 others before a grenade severely injured his leg. He was later awarded the Medal of Honor for his efforts.
    (SFC, 8/17/11, p.A7)

1949        Dec 16, Chinese Communist leader Mao Tse-tung was received at the Kremlin in Moscow.
    (HN, 12/16/98)

1950        Dec 16, President Truman proclaimed a state of National Emergency, as Chinese communists invaded deeper into South Korea, in order to fight "Communist imperialism."
    (AP, 12/16/97)(HN, 12/16/98)

1953        Dec 16, Pres. Eisenhower held the 1st White House Press Conference before 161 reporters.
    (MC, 12/16/01)
1953        Dec 16, Charles E. Yeager flew 2,575 kph in Bell X-1A.
    (MC, 12/16/01)

1956        Dec 16, Cardinal Francis Spellman, the Archbishop of New York, personally denounced the yet-to-be released movie "Baby Doll," saying Catholics would be committing a sin if they saw it.
    (AP, 12/16/98)

1960        Dec 16, A United Air Lines DC-8 and a TWA Super Constellation collided over Staten Island, New York City. 134 people were killed including 128 people on both planes.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20101215/ap_on_bi_ge/us_midair_collision_anniversary)

1965        Dec 16, Somerset Maugham (91), British playwright and author, died in France. His books included “Of Human Bondage" (1915) and “The Moon and Sixpence" (1919), a novel whose main character is based on Paul Gauguin. In 2004 Jeffrey Meyers authored "Somerset Maugham: A Life."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W._Somerset_Maugham)(SSFC, 2/29/04, p.M3)(Econ, 3/6/04, p.75)
1965        Dec 16, Taufa’ahau Tupou IV (1918-2006) became king of Tonga following the death of his mother Queen Salote Tupou III.
    (SSFC, 6/16/02, p.A18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taufa'ahau_Tupou_IV)

1966        Dec 16, The UN General Assembly endorsed the Int’l. Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). It came into force from March 23, 1976, and committed its parties to respect the civil and political rights of individuals. In 1992 the US Senate ratified the treaty but exempted itself from a provision that banned the execution of those under 18.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Covenant_on_Civil_and_Political_Rights)
1966        Dec 16, The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), a multilateral treaty, was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly and in force from 3 January 1976. It commits its parties to work toward the granting of economic, social, and cultural rights (ESCR).
    (http://tinyurl.com/hszln5d)

1971        Dec 16, Bahrain, which had declared independence on Aug 15, won independence from British protection.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.D8)(AP, 12/17/02)(http://ixpats.com/bahrain.html)
1971        Dec 16, Pakistani forces in East Pakistan surrendered to the allied forces of India and Bangladesh, jointly known as the Mitro Bahini. Bangladesh gained independence. Bangladesh later accused Pakistan of war atrocities that led to the death of some 3 million people during the 9-month war.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-Pakistani_War_of_1971)(SFC, 12/31/00, p.B3)

1975        Dec 16, The daytime soap "One Day At a Time" premiered. It featured Bonnie Franklin as a divorced mother in Indianapolis with Valerie Bertinelli as her teenage daughter. The show ran until 1984.
    (SFC, 10/5/02, p.A19)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0072554/)

1976        Dec 16, President Jimmy Carter appointed Andrew Young as Ambassador to the United Nations.
    (HN, 12/16/98)
1976        Dec 16, The US government halted its swine flu vaccination program following reports of paralysis apparently linked to the vaccine.
    (AP, 12/16/01)
1976        Dec 16, Marjorie Mitchell, a nurse at Napa State Hospital, Ca., testified that a man, later identified as Richard Allen Davis, awakened her in the early hours and clubbed her with a fire poker.
    (SFC, 5/17/96, p.A-21)

1977        Dec 16, The movie "Saturday Night Fever," starring John Travolta as a Brooklyn disco dancer, opened in wide release.
    (AP, 12/16/07)

1979        Dec 16, In South Africa Eugene TerreBlanche gave instructions to some 40 men to tar and feather Van Jaarsveld at the University of South Africa, after Van Jaarsveld had delivered a paper calling for the abolition of the Day of the Covenant.
    (SFC, 6/16/99, p.B2)(www.doj.gov.za/trc/media/1999/9905/p990510a.htm)

1980        Dec 16, Harland Sanders, founder of the Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurant chain, died in Shelbyville, Kentucky, at age 90.
    (AP, 12/16/00)

1981        Dec 16, In Poland riot police opened fire on protesting miners in Katowice. Nine were killed 25 wounded. A 4 year trial acquitted 22 riot police in 1997. In 2008 a court upheld the conviction of 14 policemen involved in the killings.
    (SFC, 11/22/97, p.C2)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.58)

1982        Dec 16, Anne M. Gorsuch, head of the Environmental Protection Agency, became the first Cabinet-level officer to be cited for contempt of US Congress for refusing to submit documents requested by a congressional committee.
    (AP, 12/16/02)

1983        Dec 16, Argentina’s Pres. Raúl Alfonsín launched a truth commission on the systematic yet secret, disappearance, torture, and death of thousands of individuals suspected by the government of supporting the left-wing agenda following the military coup in 1976. Over the next nine months the commission established that at least 8,960 people had been murdered.
    (https://www.usip.org/publications/1983/12/truth-commission-argentina)(Econ 5/13/17, p.32)

1985        Dec 16, Reputed organized-crime chief Paul Castellano was shot to death outside a New York City restaurant on orders from John Gotti (d.2002). Gotti seized power in the Mafia after he had Paul Castellano killed.
    (AP 12/16/97)(SFC, 6/11/02, p.A2)(SSFC, 8/11/02, Par p.5)

1986        Dec 16, Ronald W. Pelton, former National Security Agency employee convicted of selling defense secrets to the Soviet Union, was sentenced by a judge in Baltimore to life in prison.
    (AP, 12/16/04)
1986        Dec 16, Dinmukhamed Kunaev, an ethnic Kazakh and long-serving head of Kazakhstan’s Communist Party, was replaced by Gennady Kolbin, a Russian outsider. 2 days of student protests followed, which were brutally put down with at least 2 deaths.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.59)

1987        Dec 16, Former White House aide Michael K. Deaver was convicted of lying to a House subcommittee and a grand jury investigating whether he had violated federal ethics laws. He was later fined and ordered to perform community service.
    (AP 12/16/97)
1987        Dec 16, In South Korea fellow opposition leaders Kim Young-sam and Kim Dae-jung split the opposition vote in the country’s first democratic elections. This allowed Chun Doo-hwan’s handpicked former army general Roh Tae-woo to win with 37% of the vote.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chun_Doo-hwan)(SFC, 11/23/15, p.C4)(Econ 5/6/17, p.36)

1988        Dec 16, President-elect Bush chose former Texas Sen. John Tower to be his secretary of defense, a nomination that went down to defeat in the U.S. Senate.
    (AP, 12/16/98)
1988        Dec 16, Political cult leader Lyndon LaRouche was convicted of tax and mail fraud.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_v._LaRouche)
1988        Dec 16, Sylvester James (b.1947), disco superstar, died in San Francisco of AIDS-related causes.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sylvester_%28singer%29)

1989        Dec 16, US Federal appeals court judge Robert S. Vance was killed by a mail bomb at his Alabama home. Walter Leroy Moody Junior was later sentenced to death for killing Vance, and received seven life terms on federal charges in that killing and the death of civil rights attorney Robert E. Robinson.
    (AP, 12/16/99)
1989        Dec 16, In Romania a revolt began in Timisoara when authorities tried to forcibly move ethnic Hungarian pastor Laszlo Toekes to a remote rural parish. Supporters gathered outside his house and soon the site was teeming with protesters. 6 days of fighting left 118 people killed.
    (AP, 12/16/09)

1990        Dec 16, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a left-leaning former Catholic priest, was elected president of Haiti in the country’s first democratic elections. He was overthrown in a military coup in 1991, but was later restored to power.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A12)(AP, 12/16/00)

1991        Dec 16, Russian President Boris Yeltsin met for four hours with visiting U.S. Secretary of State James Baker, after which Yeltsin said the new Commonwealth of Independent States would begin operating by the end of the year.
    (AP, 12/16/01)
1991        Dec 16, The UN General Assembly rescinded its 1975 resolution equating Zionism with racism by a vote of 111-25.
    (AP, 12/16/97)

1992        Dec 16, US Secretary of State Lawrence S. Eagleburger said Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic and Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic had to answer for atrocities committed in former Yugoslavia. In 2000 a US federal jury ordered Radovan Karadzic to pay $745 million to a group of women, who accused him of atrocities.
    (AP, 12/16/97)(SFC, 8/11/00, p.A14)
1992        Dec 16, Yugoslavia was kicked out of the IMF.
    (WSJ, 4/28/99, p.A18)

1993        Dec 16, President Clinton announced the nomination of Bobby Ray Inman to succeed Les Aspin as defense secretary. Inman, however, later withdrew.
    (AP, 12/16/98)
1993        Dec 16, Sen. Bob Packwood (R-Ore.), accused by more than two dozen women of sexual harassment, turned over his tape-recorded personal diaries to a federal judge.
    (AP, 12/16/03)

1994        Dec 16, White House and Republicans traded barbs over whose tax plan was fairer to the middle class, a day after President Clinton presented a package of proposed tax cuts.
    (AP, 12/16/99)
1994        Dec 16, White House Press Secretary Dee Dee Myers announced she was leaving her job at the end of the year.
    (AP, 12/16/99)

1995        Dec 16, President Clinton and congressional Republicans traded accusations as their budget impasse led to a second shutdown of the federal government.
    (AP, 12/16/00)

1996        Dec 16, The US Supreme Court ruled that states must let parents appeal orders terminating such rights even when they cannot afford court fees.
    (AP, 12/16/97)
1996        Dec 16, Intel announced the world’s fastest computer capable of 1 trillion operations per second.
    (SFC, 12/17/96, p.C1)
1996        Dec 16, The US, EU and other countries agreed to a package of economic and military assistance to Lebanon worth $2.2 billion. The US said that its aid would increase to more than $20 million next year.
    (SFC, 12/17/96, p.B3)
1996        Dec 16, Former South Korean President Chun Doo-hwan, condemned to death for a 1979 coup and a deadly military crackdown the next year, had his death sentence commuted to life by an appellate court.
    (SFC, 12/16/96, p.A16)(AP, 12/16/97)
1996        Dec 16, In Serbia Milosevic granted opponents the original election results in Nis and a recount in Smederovska Palanka, 2 of the 15 cities where election results had been annulled.
    (SFC, 12/17/96, p.B2)

1997        Dec 16, In Washington Pres. Clinton awarded 14 scientists the National Medal of Science.
    (SFC, 12/16/97, p.A20)
1997        Dec 16, Originally scheduled for a Fall opening. The new $1 billion Getty Center was designed by Richard Meier and opened at the 25-acre site in Brentwood, Ca. It included a 750,000 volume library, auditorium and exhibition space. The 110-acre arts and cultural campus was being built in the Santa Monica Mountains above west Los Angeles. The old Museum, a villa in Malibu, will be renovated and reopened in 2001 with one of its current 7 collections of Greek and Roman antiquities.
    (SFC, 7/15/96, p.D2)(SFC, 6/24/97, p.B3)(SFEM, 12/797, p.18)(WSJ, 12/16/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 16, A Pentagon-appointed panel concluded that the Army, Navy and Air Force should segregate male and female recruits in their earliest phases of basic training.
    (AP, 12/16/98)
1997        Dec 16, The Galileo spacecraft flew to within 124 miles of the surface and recorded images of Europa. Volcanic ice flows implicated a vast ocean below the surface. Giant lightning bolts on Jupiter, a hundred times more powerful that those on Earth, were reported via the spacecraft and it indicated a magnetic field around Ganymede. It also indicated an atmosphere of hydrogen and carbon dioxide around Callisto. Metallic cores inside Io, Ganymede and Europa and the lack of a similar core inside Callisto was also indicated.
    (SFC, 12/17/97, p.A4)
1997        Dec 16, Ralph Fasanella (b.1914), American artist, died. His work focused on 20th century immigration and labor themes.
    (SFC, 3/4/11, p.C7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_Fasanella)
1997        Dec 16, In Hong Kong it was reported that 2 people died of an avian flu. It was the first known instance of human infection. The flu came from chickens imported from Guangdon province in China. The first case was reported in May.
    (WSJ, 12/16/97, p.A1)(SFC, 12/17/97, p.A2)
1997        Dec 16, U.N. weapons monitor Richard Butler left Iraq after failing to persuade President Saddam Hussein to open his palaces to inspections.
    (AP, 12/16/98)
1997        Dec 16, In Japan Prime Minister Hashimoto proposed a one-time cut in the national income tax of about $15.38 billion.
    (SFC, 12/17/97, p.A18)
1997        Dec 16, In Japan, at least 700 mostly young TV viewers suffered nausea and epilepsy-like spasms after watching an animated cartoon show, “Pokemon" that featured bright, flashing colors.
    (SFC, 12/17/97, p.A26) (AP, 12/16/98)
1997        Dec 16, Pres. Mandela stepped aside as leader of the African National Congress and was succeeded by Deputy Pres. Thabo Mbeki. In 2005 William Mervin Gumede authored “Thabo Mbeki and the Battle for the Soul of the ANC."
    (SFC, 12/17/97, p.A26)(Econ, 3/26/05, p.82)

1998        Dec 16, Pres. Clinton ordered a sustained series of missile strikes against Iraq forces in response to Saddam Hussein's continued defiance of UN weapons inspectors. Iraqi envoy Nizar Hamdoon accused UN weapons inspector Richard Butler of producing a biased report on weapons inspections. The strike came one before scheduled vote on Clinton’s impeachment by the House of Representatives and days before the beginning of Ramadan. Some 200 missiles fell on Iraq in the first 24 hours of the attack and initial reports indicated two people killed and 30 injured. The House Republicans postponed impeachment by at least 24 hours.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.A1, 8)(AP, 12/16/99)
1998        Dec 16, The House delayed a debate set to begin the next day on four articles of impeachment against President Clinton.
    (AP, 12/16/99)
1998        Dec 16, Federal prosecutors in NYC charged 5 men in the Aug 7 bombing of the American Embassy in Tanzania. Mustafa Mohamed Fadhil of Egypt, Khalfan Khamis Mohamed and Ahmed Khalfan Ghailani of Tanzania, and Fahid Mohammed Ally Msalam and Sheik Ahmed Salim Swedan of Kenya. A 6th man, “Ahmed the German," detonated the explosive device and was killed.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C2)
1998        Dec 16, William Gaddis, American writer, died at age 75. His work included “A Frolic of His Own."
    (WSJ, 12/18/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 16, In Angola UNITA rebels advanced on Cuinji and dozens of civilians were killed at the train station when rebels attacked with automatic weapons and grenades.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C10)
1998        Dec 16, In China members of the “Two Gun, One Ax" gang were executed in Guangdong province. The group had been found guilty of killing 3 people and about 50 armed robberies and weapons trafficking.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C10)
1998        Dec 16, In Indonesia in the Borneo town of Samarinda a strike turned violent and ethnic-Chinese shops were looted by mobs.
    (WSJ, 12/17/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 16, In Northern Ireland there was a bomb attack on a Catholic-owned country pub in Crumlin. No one was hurt and 2 pro-British, Protestant extremist groups claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.D9)
1998        Dec 16, In Italy Abdullah Ocalan, leader of the Kurdistan Workers Party, was freed by an appeals court in Rome. Turkish officials were outraged and renewed threats of economic retaliation.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C4)
1998        Dec 16, Philip True (50), a reporter for the San Antonio Express-News, was found dead in a remote mountain range between Jalisco and Nayarit states in Mexico. He went hiking the area Nov 29 to photograph and write about the Huichol Indians and apparently fell into a deep ravine. A coroner’s report later indicated that he had been strangled and dropped into the ravine. In 2002 an appeals court overturned the acquittal of 2 Huichol Indians, who were arrested with True’s camera and backpack. In 2005 Robert Rivard authored “Trail of Feathers: Searching for Philip True."
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.D6)(SFC, 5/31/02, p.A22)(SSFC, 12/11/05, p.M2)
1998        Dec 16, In Rome an apartment building collapsed and killed 20 people.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C5)
1998        Dec 16, Researchers in South Korea claimed to have cloned a human embryo, but destroyed it early in its development.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.A10)
1998        Dec 16, In Russia the Parliament approved a bill to print $1.2 billion worth of rubles for the last quarter of 1998. High inflation was feared to result.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C5)
1998        Dec 16, In Hanoi, Vietnam, the ASEAN nations approved the “Hanoi Action Plan," a 34-point declaration that emphasized economic recovery based on free-market policies.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C6)
1998        Dec 16, In Zimbabwe former Pres. Canaan Banana (63) was returned from South Africa and was placed under house arrest. He had been convicted Nov 26 of 11 sex charges.
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.A20)

1999        Dec 16, Israel and Syria ended two days of inconclusive peace talks and scheduled a resumption for Jan 3.
    (SFC, 12/17/99, p.A12)(AP, 12/16/00)
1999        Dec 16, In Lebanon shelling by the Israeli allied South Lebanon Army his an elementary school and 20 children were wounded.
    (SFC, 12/17/99, p.D8)
1999        Dec 16, In Venezuela torrential rains flooded 9 northern states and Caracas and forced some 120,000 people to flee their homes. Over 1000 people were killed in Vargas state and 25,000 were described missing.
    (SFC, 12/17/99, p.D6)(SFC, 12/18/99, p.A14)(SFC, 12/20/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/20/99, p.A1)

2000        Dec 16, Pres.-elect Bush chose retired Gen. Colin Powell (63) to become the 65th Sec. of State, the 1st African American to hold that post.
    (SFC, 12/16/00, p.A1)(SSFC, 12/17/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 16, In Alabama tornadoes hit the state and 10 people were killed at a Tuscaloosa trailer park. 12 people were killed and 50 injured.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.A7)(WSJ, 12/18/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 16, Federal prisoner Theodore Kaczynski (58), aka the Unabomber, donated his writings to a special collection at the Univ. of Michigan, where he received his doctorate in 1977. Kaczynski had graduated from Harvard in 1962.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.A1)(SFC, 5/23/12, p.A7)
2000        Dec 16, It was reported that the source of the Amazon had been located at the Carhuasanta Creek on the 18,363-foot peak of Nevado Mismi in southern Peru.
    (SFC, 12/16/00, p.A22)
2000        Dec 16, In Algeria armed gunmen shot to death 15 students and a security guard at the Lycee Technique of Medea boarding school.
    (SFC, 12/18/00, p.E6)
2000        Dec 16, In Chechnya a series of rebel attacks killed 16 Russian soldiers. A Chechen family of 4 was shot to death in Alkhan-Kala by unidentified assailants.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.D11)(SFC, 12/19/00, p.B4)
2000        Dec 16, In Sri Lanka government troops stage an offensive against rebels in the northern Jaffna Peninsula. 12 soldiers were killed along with 26 rebels.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.D9)

2001        Dec 16, Cleveland Browns fans threw thousands of bottles onto the field after officials overturned a last-minute call, a decision that helped the Jacksonville Jaguars win the game 15-10.
    (AP, 12/16/02)
2001        Dec 16, The first U.S. commercial food shipments since 1963 arrived in communist Cuba. The Mexican freighter N.V. Ikon Mazatlan arrived in Cuba with 26,400 tons of American corn a day after 500 tons of American frozen chicken parts were received.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A3)(AP, 12/16/02)
2001        Dec 16, It was reported that all the anthrax spores mailed to Capital Hill were identical to stocks from the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick, Md. (USAMRIID), maintained since 1980.
    (SSFC, 12/16/01, p.A9)
2001        Dec 16, In Afghanistan 25 bin Laden soldiers were captured and 200 were killed in the Tora Bora region. After 9 weeks of fighting, Afghan militia leaders claimed control of the last mountain bastion of Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida fighters. There was no sign of bin Laden.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A1)(AP, 12/16/02)
2001        Dec 16, The Muslim Ramadan season came to an end.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 16, In China a weekend bombing killed 5 people.
    (WSJ, 12/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 16, In Chile a congressional election showed the Coalition for Democracy with 47.8% of the vote vs. 445 for the opposition Alliance for Chile.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A6)
2001        Dec 16, In Colombia a 5-day battle over cocaine-producing plantations left up to 44 leftist guerrillas and right-wing paramilitary fighters dead in Antioquia state.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A7)
2001        Dec 16, In Iran Abdullah Ramezanzadeh, a Cabinet Secretary, was sentenced to 6 months in jail for “spreading lies" against the conservative Guardian council.
    (SFC, 12/18/01, p.A7)(WSJ, 12/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 16, In Italy a state-run home for the disabled burned down near Buccino and 19 patients were killed.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 16, In Madagascar elections were held but no candidate won a majority.
    (SSFC, 1/13/02, p.C12)
2001        Dec 16, The Mexican freighter N.V. Ikon Mazatlan arrived in Cuba with 26,400 tons of American corn a day after 500 tons of American frozen chicken parts were received.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 16, Yasser Arafat appealed for a halt of armed activities and suicide bombings. He accused PM Sharon of waging a “brutal war" against Palestinians.
    (SFC, 12/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 16, In Portugal the Social Democratic Party lost heavily to the Socialists in local elections. PM Antonio Guterres resigned following the results.
    (SFC, 12/18/01, p.A7)

2002        Dec 16, Pres. Bush named Thomas Kean, former Gov. of New Jersey, to replace Henry Kissinger as head of the Sep. 11 investigation panel.
    (SFC, 12/17/02, p.A2)
2002        Dec 16, Senate Republican leader Trent Lott, in an interview on Black Entertainment Television, asked black Americans to forgive his seeming nostalgia for segregation.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2002        Dec 16, A jury in Baltimore acquitted former altar boy Dontee Stokes of attempted murder in the shooting of a Roman Catholic priest he'd claimed molested him a decade earlier.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2002        Dec 16, The EPA issued a water-pollution rule to cover animal waste from "factory farms."
    (WSJ, 12/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 16, It was reported that a severe drought ravaging most of Australia's rural sector will slash farm exports by 13 percent this fiscal year. Triggered by abnormal sea temperatures, El Nino was blamed for severe drought in Australia, which slashed crops and caused a liquidation of the nation's livestock. The drought continued thru 2005.
    (AP, 12/16/02)(AP, 5/24/05)
2002        Dec 16, Canada ratified the Kyoto Protocol, the 1997 treaty on reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2002        Dec 16, French counter terrorism agents arrested 4 suspected Islamic militants in a Paris suburb. The three Algerians and a Moroccan had an unidentified liquid and an anti-contamination suit.
    (AP, 12/17/02)
2002        Dec 16, Israeli soldiers killed three Palestinians, including two armed Hamas fighters, and troops also destroyed 16 shacks, leaving more than 200 people homeless in confrontations in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/16/02)(SFC, 12/17/02, p.A13)

2003        Dec 16, The 3rd film episode of "Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring" opened.
    (SFC, 12/17/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 16, Pres. Bush signed legislation to curb unsolicited commercial e-mails and a bill to establish a national museum devoted to black history.
    (WSJ, 12/17/03, p.A1)(AP, 12/16/04)
2003        Dec 16, Pres. Bush signed a measure that made WW II Filipino American veterans eligible for full Veterans Affair health care. Previous benefits were at half the rate of US veterans. Veterans in the Philippines did not qualify.
    (SFC, 12/17/03, p.A2)(SFC, 12/30/03, p.A15)
2003        Dec 16, US special envoy James A. Baker III said France, Germany and the US agreed to seek reductions in Iraq's foreign debt within the Paris Club of creditor nations.
    (AP, 12/16/03)(SFC, 12/17/03, p.A18)
2003        Dec 16, US borrowing from foreign investors stood at $1.5 billion a day.
    (WSJ, 12/16/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 16, U.S. troops killed 11 guerrilla attackers, some of whom released a flock of pigeons to signal the Americans' approach, in an ambush in a town north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2003        Dec 16, Actress Madlyn Rhue died in Los Angeles at age 68.
    (AP, 12/16/04)
2003        Dec 16, In Afghanistan several dozen delegates broke away from a crucial constitutional assembly to celebrate the inauguration of the Kabul-Kandahar highway, a vital artery linking the capital with the lawless and poverty-stricken south.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2003        Dec 16, In Canada Robert Lorne Stanfield (89), former leader of the federal Tories, died. Stanfield led the Progressive Conservatives from 1967 to 1976.
    (AP, 12/17/03)
2003        Dec 16, Chechen rebels, who fought their way into the neighboring Dagestan region and occupied a village, released all their hostages and fled, avoiding capture.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2003        Dec 16, A fire broke out at Denmark's North Sea Museum, destroying much of the building housing Europe's largest aquarium.
    (AP, 12/17/03)
2003        Dec 16, In Haiti a strike to press for the ouster of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide closed down schools, stores and banks in Port-au-Prince.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2003        Dec 16, A cyclone tore into India's southeastern coast, killing 11 people.
    (AP, 12/16/03)
2003        Dec 16, In central Somalia rival militias battled over barren desert lands in fighting that killed at least 31 people and wounded 50 others.
    (AP, 12/17/03)
2003        Dec 16, Taiwan's lawmakers banned the selling of dog meat and introduced heavy fines for killing pets for food or fur.
    (AP, 12/18/03)

2004        Dec 16, Pres. Bush closed a 2-day economic conference that covered social security changes, tax cuts and federal spending.
    (WSJ, 12/17/04, p.A1)
2004        Dec 16, Donald Trump chose software executive Kelly Perdew (37) over SF lawyer Jennifer Massey in the season finale of “The Apprentice."
    (SFC, 12/17/04, p.A2)
2004        Dec 16, Montana approved issuing licenses to hunt 10 bison that roam beyond Yellowstone. The practice was halted over a decade ago amid protests.
    (WSJ, 12/17/04, p.A1)
2004        Dec 16, Symantec agreed to acquire Veritas Software.
    (SFC, 12/17/04, p.D1)
2004        Dec 16, Bobbie Jo Stinnet (23) was found strangled to death in Maryville, Mo., with her baby girl cut from her womb. Police within days arrested Lisa M. Montgomery (36) of Melvern, Kansas. The baby was rescued alive. Montgomery faced trial for allegedly strangling Stinnett, performing a crude Caesarean section on her and parading the infant around as her own. Montgomery was convicted in Oct, 2007, and sentenced to death in April, 2008.
    (SFC, 12/22/04, p.A3)(AP, 12/16/05)(SFC, 4/5/08, p.A3)
2004        Dec 16, Agnes Martin (92), renowned abstract painter, died in Taos, NM.
    (WSJ, 12/17/04, p.A1)
2004        Dec 16, Farouk Ksentini, an Algerian government-appointed official, said security forces members are believed responsible for the deaths of 5,200 civilians who disappeared during a decade-long struggle with Islamic rebels and should face justice.
    (AP, 12/17/04)
2004        Dec 16, An Argentine judge struck down an arrest warrant for former President Carlos Menem, who was wanted for questioning in a federal court probe of multimillion-dollar accounts in Switzerland.
    (AP, 12/16/04)
2004        Dec 16, An apartment building was inaugurated in Brazil, each of whose 11 storeys turned independently, giving residents 360-degree views of the eco-friendly city of Curitiba.
    (AP, 12/16/04)
2004        Dec 16, Britain's highest court dealt a huge blow to the government's anti-terrorism policy by ruling that it cannot detain foreign suspects indefinitely without trial.
    (AP, 12/16/04)
2004        Dec 16, A Colombian court convicted three IRA-linked men of training Colombian rebels in terrorist tactics and sentenced them to up to 17 1/2 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/16/04)
2004        Dec 16, In France 10 accused Islamic militants were convicted and sentenced to prison terms ranging from one to 10 years for their roles in a millennium plot to blow up a Christmas market in the eastern city of Strasbourg on New Year's Eve 2000.
    (AP, 12/16/04)
2004        Dec 16, Former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein met with a lawyer for the first time since his capture a year earlier.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2004        Dec 16, Rebel strikes across Baghdad killed 10 people, including three paramilitary policemen and a government official. A US Marine was killed in Anbar province.
    (AP, 12/16/04)(SFC, 12/17/04, p.A12)
2004        Dec 16, Italy’s Pres. Carlo Azeglio Ciampi vetoed a bill that would have placed magistrates under government oversight and forced them to choose between careers as judges or prosecutors.
    (SFC, 12/17/04, p.A3)
2004        Dec 16, The Sudanese government agreed to stop a military offensive in Darfur region.
    (AP, 12/16/04)

2005        Dec 16, US Senate Democrats blocked passage of a new Patriot Act to combat terrorism at home, depicting the measure as a threat to the constitutional liberties of innocent Americans. The result was a revised Patriot Act signed by Bush in March 2006.
    (AP, 12/17/05)(AP, 12/16/06)
2005        Dec 16, The US House acted to stem the tide of illegal immigration by taking steps to tighten border controls and stop unlawful immigrants from getting jobs. But lawmakers left for next year the tougher issue of what to do with the 11 million undocumented people already in the country.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 16, US Attorney General Alberto Gonzales announced a government crackdown on sexual trafficking in children.
    (SFC, 12/17/05, p.A6)
2005        Dec 16, Howard Stern (51), NYC radio show host, ended his terrestrial radio career. He planned to start working for Sirius Satellite Radio on Jan 9.
    (SFC, 12/17/05, p.A2)
2005        Dec 16, Google announced it would pay $1 billion for a 5% stake in AOL. The deal was finalized on Dec 20.
    (WSJ, 12/17/05, p.A1)(SFC, 12/21/05, p.C1)
2005        Dec 16, Actor John Spencer (58), who played the role of Leo McGarry in "The West Wing," died of a heart attack.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 16, Enzo Stuarti (86), singer-actor died in Midland, Texas.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2005        Dec 16, Bangladesh police seized two large caches of bomb-making materials and arrested 4 suspected members of a banned Islamic group that has been blamed for a wave of deadly bombings. A 5th suspect was arrested the next day.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 16, Belarus' parliament set March 19 as the date for presidential elections, giving the opposition just a week to register a candidate to challenge authoritarian incumbent Alexander Lukashenko.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, Chechnya's top prosecutor said a state-owned chemical company on the outskirts of the Chechen capital had "catastrophic" radiation levels tens of thousands of times greater than normal.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, Exploratory peace talks between Colombia and its second-largest rebel group began in Cuba with help from the Nobel Prize-winning author Gabriel Garcia Marquez and facilitators from Spain, Norway and Switzerland.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, Mohammed Ali Hamadi, a Lebanese man serving a life sentence in Germany for the 1985 hijacking of a TWA jetliner and killing of a U.S. Navy diver, returned to Lebanon after being paroled in Germany.
    (AP, 12/20/05)
2005        Dec 16, A 3-day session held by the UN's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission ended in Hyderabad.  India said it would not share information on earthquakes below a magnitude of six on the Richter scale due to security concerns.
    (AFP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 16, Adnan al-Dulaimi, head of the Iraqi Accordance Front, said Sunni Arab participation in the elections could have been even higher if there had there been more polling centers in key Sunni areas.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, The U.S. military said Iraq has issued an arrest warrant naming Mullah Halgurd al-Khabir as the "prime suspect" in the Aug 19, 2003, bombing of UN headquarters in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, Italian prosecutors showed a court thank you notes and other correspondence that they contended proved a former curator at the J. Paul Getty museum knew artifacts were being illegally acquired.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, Sony Corp. unveiled an upgrade of its 23.5-inch humanoid robot QRIO, which can now recognize boxes and play with them like building blocks.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, The Hamas militant group won local elections in the West Bank's largest cities, according to preliminary results, dealing a harsh blow to the ruling Fatah party just six weeks ahead of a parliamentary poll.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, Liberian electoral authorities dismissed international soccer star George Weah's claims that fraud had robbed him of victory in a presidential run-off vote last month, but his party vowed to appeal.
    (Reuters, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, Morocco’s state news agency reported that a truth commission tasked with investigating more than four decades (1956-1999) of human rights abuses uncovered nearly 600 disappearances and the deaths of about 500 people during street riots or while in police custody.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, A Dutch court sentenced Henk Slebos, a Dutch businessman who oversaw the sale of dual-use nuclear technology to Pakistan (1999-2002), to a year prison.
    (AP, 12/16/05)
2005        Dec 16, In Northern Ireland Sinn Fein expelled Denis Donaldson, a prominent party member, for serving as a British agent for the past two decades.
    (AP, 12/17/05)
2005        Dec 16, In Turkey a trial against novelist Orhan Pamuk opened in Istanbul. It was then adjourned to February. Charges were dropped on Jan 23.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.71)

2006        Dec 16, You were named Time magazine "Person of the Year" for the explosive growth and influence of user-generated Internet content such as blogs, video-file sharing site YouTube and social network MySpace.
    (Reuters, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, Residents of the Pacific Northwest struggled to stay warm after the worst windstorm in more than a decade knocked out power to more than 1.5 million homes and businesses and killed at least six people.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, US-based Westinghouse Electric Co. won a two-year battle for a multibillion-dollar nuclear power deal with China, edging out French and Russian rivals. Stephen Tritch, Westinghouse Electric Co. President and CEO, said the four plant deal was a multi-billion dollar one, but gave no specifics. Past estimates put the deal at $8 billion.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, A rocket carrying two experimental satellites blasted off in the first launch from the mid-Atlantic region's commercial spaceport. The Virginia Commercial Space Flight Authority, a state agency, built the commercial launch pad in 1998 on land leased from NASA's Wallops Flight Facility to try to help bring jobs to the economically depressed Eastern Shore region. Maryland later joined the venture.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, In Kansas City, Missouri, Hersel Isadore (35) killed 6 people including 4 of his children before shooting himself to death.
    (SFC, 12/18/06, p.A4)
2006        Dec 16, Ex-spy Yuri Shvets, who is based in the US, told the BBC that murdered Russian spy Alexander Litvinenko was killed because of an eight-page dossier he had compiled on a powerful Russian figure for a British company. The BBC said the report contained damaging personal details about a "very highly placed member of Putin's administration."
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, In Petaluma, Ca., Gibb Theopolis Olivarez Jr. (16) stabbed and wounded Salvador Cucci after demanding that Cucci buy liquor for him. Olivarez fled but was chased down by Nathaniel Reifers (31) of Santa Rosa. Olivarez then stabbed Reifers, who died within minutes. In 2009 Olivarez was sentenced to 11 years in prison.
    (SFC, 12/18/09, p.C3)
2006        Dec 16, Seven Afghan men arrived in their home country, weary, angry and proclaiming their innocence, after years of imprisonment in the US military prison at Guantanamo Bay.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, British PM Tony Blair arrived in Egypt for Middle East peace talks, saying the next few days and weeks would be critical in determining whether Israel and the Palestinians can break their cycle of violence.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, John Rae (b.1931), English novelist and educator, died. In 2009 his diaries were published under the title: “The Old Boys’ Network: A Headmaster’s Diaries 1970-1986."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Rae_(educator))(Econ, 4/25/09, p.87)
2006        Dec 16, In Copenhagen, Denmark, police fired tear gas and detained up to 300 people after protesters attacked them with cobblestones and fireworks during a demonstration against the planned eviction of squatters from a downtown building.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, An Egyptian court denied Bahais the right to state their religion on official documents and described them as pro-Israeli apostates, in a landmark case condemned by rights organizations.
    (AFP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, Trams returned to Paris after a 69-year gap, with the inauguration of a new commuter service around part of the city's southern periphery.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, Researchers from Germany, America, and Israel met in Heidelberg to discuss vibration-response imaging, invented by Dr. Igal Kushnir, an Israeli pediatrician.
    (Econ, 12/16/06, p.83)
2006        Dec 16, Indian health officials said nearly 30 children have died this month of mosquito-borne encephalitis in northern India, taking the toll since July to 401.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, Iran's president said his country was ready to transfer nuclear technology to neighboring countries, Kuwaiti television reported, a week after Arab states on the Persian Gulf announced plans to consider a joint nuclear program. Early election returns showed hard-line President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's conservative opponents leading in elections for local councils and a powerful clerical body.
    (AP, 12/16/06)(AP, 12/17/06)
2006        Dec 16, Iraq's army has "opened its doors" to all former members of Saddam Hussein's army, the prime minister said at a national reconciliation conference boycotted by one of his main Shiite allies, a major Sunni group and Iraq's exiled opposition. Iraqi and US forces detained six suspects in a raid and an airstrike on the Shiite slum of Sadr City that left one fighter dead and another wounded. A roadside bomb killed three American soldiers and injured a fourth serviceman north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/16/06)(AP, 12/17/06)
2006        Dec 16, An Italian judge rejected a paralyzed man's request to be removed from a respirator, ruling that the law does not permit the denial of lifesaving care and urging lawmakers to confront the issue. Piergiorgio Welby (60) died Dec 20 after he was taken off his respirator.
    (AP, 12/16/06)(AP, 12/21/06)
2006        Dec 16, In Mexico hundreds of federal police officers packed up their tents and marched out of Oaxaca’s central square, ending their seven-week occupation to put down a lengthy protest by leftists that had left nine people dead. A Mexican air force plane crashed into the sea near the resort city of Acapulco and rescue teams were searching for its four crew members.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, A fire erupted in a wedding tent in eastern Pakistan, triggering a stampede and the collapse of a wall that killed 27 women and children.
    (AP, 12/17/06)
2006        Dec 16, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas called for new presidential and parliamentary elections, a dramatic challenge to ruling Hamas militants that threatens to touch off a civil war.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, In Peru 5 police officers and two employees of the state-run coca company were shot to death in a southern jungle state.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, Russian authorities pulled hundreds of opposition activists off buses and trains and detained them along with scores of others ahead of a rare anti-government rally in Moscow. More than 2,000 people gathered in Triumfalnaya Square, where leftist and liberal groups demanded that Russian President Vladimir Putin stop what they called Russia's retreat from democracy.
    (AP, 12/17/06)
2006        Dec 16, A Somali lawmaker bypassed the government and signed an agreement to end hostilities with the country's powerful Islamic militia, a symbolic gesture that is unlikely to have any real effect. Nearly 200 troops serving Somalia's weak Western-backed government defected to the Islamic courts movement, as both sides braced for impending war.
    (AP, 12/16/06)(AP, 12/17/06)
2006        Dec 16, The African Union (AU) said the situation in Sudan's troubled Darfur region was worsening due to the return of re-armed Janjaweed militia and Khartoum's resolve to use military force.
    (AP, 12/16/06)
2006        Dec 16, Some 6,000 hand-picked voters chose members of a government advisory panel in the UAR’s first election, the Arab world's latest tentative step toward democracy. This was the first of a three-day vote for 20 open seats on the Federal National Council.
    (AP, 12/16/06)(AP, 9/24/11)

2007        Dec 16, Morgan Stanley senior executive Stephen Roach said the US is heading for a recession and the rest of the world would be "dead wrong" to think this will not impact on growing Asian economies.
    (AFP, 12/16/07)
2007        Dec 16, Street and highway crews were at work trying to clear roads across the Great Lakes states into New England as a storm blamed for three deaths spread a hazardous mix of snow, sleet and freezing rain. The storm was blamed for at least 10 deaths including 4 in Indiana, 2 in Michigan and Wisconsin, one in Pennsylvania and one in Nova Scotia.
    (AP, 12/16/07)(SFC, 12/18/07, p.A19)
2007        Dec 16, Dan Fogelberg (56), the singer and songwriter, died at his home in Maine after battling prostate cancer. His hits "Leader of the Band" and "Same Old Lang Syne" helped define the soft-rock era.
    (AP, 12/17/07)
2007        Dec 16, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb blast killed two Afghan civilians and wounded five others, while a clash in the south left four Taliban dead. Harald Kleber (42) a German national locally known by his Muslim name, Abdul Rahman, was kidnapped in heart province. The next day German authorities said Kleber was wanted in Germany for fraud.
    (AP, 12/16/07)(AFP, 12/17/07)(AFP, 12/18/07)
2007        Dec 16, Argentina and Brazil successfully launched a rocket into space in the first joint space mission by the two South American nations. The VS30 rocket, which carried experiments from both countries, blasted off from Brazil's Barreira do Inferno launch center in northern Rio Grande do Norte state.
    (AP, 12/17/07)
2007        Dec 16, Australian police said they had broken up an alleged nationwide child porn ring with the arrest of six men overnight, including a former policeman, a trainee teacher and a swimming instructor.
    (AFP, 12/16/07)
2007        Dec 16, In Grozny, Chechnya, a police officer and 4 militants were killed in a gunbattle.
    (AP, 12/18/07)
2007        Dec 16, China announced holiday changes to ease overcrowding on trains, flights and other transport systems. The changes will bring back three traditional one-day holidays and let workers take paid vacations at times other than officially-set breaks.
    (AP, 12/17/07)
2007        Dec 16, The EU signed a new trade agreement with the 15-member Caribbean Forum.
    (Econ, 1/5/08, p.74)
2007        Dec 16, In eastern India 299 communist prisoners overpowered guards and escaped from a prison.
    (AP, 12/16/07)
2007        Dec 16, British forces formally handed over responsibility for Basra, the last region in Iraq under their control, marking the start of what Britain hopes will be a transition to a mission aimed at aiding the economy and providing jobs in an oil-rich region beset by militia infighting. A total of 174 British personnel have died in Iraq since the March 2003 invasion. The venture cost Britain some $10 billion.
    (Econ, 12/22/07, p.94)(AP, 12/16/08)
2007        Dec 16, In the Indian portion of Kashmir hundreds of people clashed with police, hours after burying a 20-year-old man killed by police a day earlier. At least 35 people were injured.
    (AP, 12/16/07)
2007        Dec 16, Kyrgyzstan held parliamentary elections. Critics have said election code changes, introduced in October, were designed to evict all opposition politicians from the legislature. The Central Election Commission said Kyrgyz President Kurmanbek Bakiyev's Ak Jol party won 71 out of 90 parliament seats in the parliamentary election. The top opposition party failed to win parliament seats and the party accused the government of rigging the vote and said it would appeal the results in court.
    (AP, 12/17/07)(AP, 12/20/07)
2007        Dec 16, Malaysia’s Premier Abdullah Ahmad Badawi intervened to head off rising anger among the Southeast Asian country's ethnic Indian population after a rare public rally on Nov 25 led to violent clashes with police.
    (AP, 12/16/07)
2007        Dec 16, Russian authorities expelled a Moldovan journalist critical of the Kremlin in a move condemned by media watchdogs.
    (AP, 12/16/07)
2007        Dec 16, Millions of Muslims from around the world gathered in Mecca for the start of the annual Islamic hajj pilgrimage, as the Saudi Interior Ministry announced tough security precautions.
    (AP, 12/16/07)
2007        Dec 16, Spanish police said they had arrested 63 people across the country in five investigations into child pornography being posted, viewed and paid for on the Internet.
    (AP, 12/16/07)
2007        Dec 16, Spanish construction group BTP Sacyr Vallehermoso said it had created a joint company with the Libyan government to bid for infrastructure contracts there.
    (AP, 12/16/07)
2007        Dec 16, Darfur rebels said they had inflicted a crushing defeat on Sudan's army in West Darfur in an overnight battle during which they captured 29 soldiers, 32 vehicles and heavy weaponry.
    (Reuters, 12/16/07)
2007        Dec 16, Turkish warplanes hit Kurdish rebel targets, marking an escalation of force against the outlawed separatist group. An Iraqi official said the planes attacked several villages, killing one woman. Turkey’s military later said up to 175 rebels were killed on this day. A Kurdish leader said the figure was exaggerated.
    (AP, 12/16/07)(AP, 12/25/07)

2008        Dec 16, The US Federal Reserve announced that it was reducing its target for the federal funds rate to between zero and 0.25 percent, down from 1 percent, a level that was already the lowest target rate in a half century.
    (AP, 12/17/08)
2008        Dec 16, Ronald E. Ferguson (66), former chief executive of General Re Corp., received a 2 year sentence for his role in a fraudulent scheme to manipulate the financial statements of American International Group (AIG). This cost AIG shareholders over a half billion dollars.
    (WSJ, 12/17/08, p.C7)
2008        Dec 16, The publisher of the Detroit Free Press and the Detroit News confirmed plans to cut home delivery to three days a week and cut close to 900 jobs.
    (WSJ, 12/17/08, p.B4)
2008        Dec 16, NASA said satellite data indicated that more than 2 trillion tons of land ice in Alaska, Antarctica and Greenland since 2003 among the latest signs of global warming. A scientist from America’s National Snow and Ice Data Center said the shrinking of Arctic ice (and exposure of extra sea to radiation) was warming the world at an accelerating pace.
    (SFC, 12/17/08, p.A20)(Econ, 12/20/08, p.109)
2008        Dec 16, Sam Bottoms (b.1955), film and TV actor, died of brain cancer at his home in Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 12/19/08, p.B6)
2008        Dec 16, Melvin S. Cohen (b.1918), longtime chairman of Wisconsin-based National Presto Industries, died.
    (WSJ, 12/27/08, p.A7)
2008        Dec 16, Three Guantanamo prisoners were flown to Bosnia and released to their families.
    (SFC, 12/17/08, p.A2)
2008        Dec 16, In eastern Afghanistan police and US troops in Khost province killed three insurgents suspected of links to Al-Qaeda, denying local claims that the victims were civilians.
    (AFP, 12/17/08)
2008        Dec 16, Bangladesh's military-backed government said it will end nearly two years of emergency rule and restore civil liberties before this month's national elections.
    (AP, 12/16/08)
2008        Dec 16, In Brazil South American leaders agreed to create a regional defense council aimed at preventing local conflicts and reducing dependence on US weaponry. 33 countries from across the Americas had gathered for a 2-day meeting to discuss issues ranging from defense to economics.
    (WSJ, 12/17/08, p.A16)(Econ, 12/20/08, p.57)
2008        Dec 16, Chinese agricultural officials ordered the slaughter of some 377,000 chickens after finding the H5N1 bird flu virus in two areas of Jiangsu province.
    (WSJ, 12/17/08, p.A14)
2008        Dec 16, Stein Bagger, Danish business executive, was sent back to Denmark from the US, where he had surrendered following the exposure of an estimated $185 swindle in his firm, IT Factory.
    (WSJ, 12/17/08, p.A1)
2008        Dec 16, French police found explosives hidden in a Paris department store after a tip-off from a group demanding the withdrawal of French troops from Afghanistan.
    (Reuters, 12/16/08)
2008        Dec 16, French competition watchdogs slapped a record fine of 575 million euros (785 million dollars) on global steel giant ArcelorMittal and another 10 steel firms found guilty of price-fixing.
    (AFP, 12/16/08)
2008        Dec 16, In Greece protesters forced their way into Greece's state NET television news studio and interrupted a news broadcast featuring the prime minister so they could urge viewers to join mass anti-government demonstrations.
    (AP, 12/16/08)
2008        Dec 16, An Indonesian province beleaguered by a spiraling HIV infection rate scrapped plans to implant microchips in those with full-blown AIDS, following strong opposition from government officials, health workers and rights activists.
    (AP, 12/16/08)
2008        Dec 16, In Iraq Muntadhar al-Zeidi (28), the journalist who threw his shoes at President George W. Bush, was handed over to the Iraqi judiciary, a move that signals the start of criminal proceedings. 3 bombings in Baghdad and another in Diyala province killed four people and wounded at least 30.
    (AP, 12/16/08)
2008        Dec 16, Israeli troops killed Jihad Nawhda (23), a wanted Palestinian militant in the West Bank, and the Islamic Jihad group retaliated with rocket fire from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/16/08)
2008        Dec 16, In Israel a bus filled with 49 passengers plunged into a desert ravine near the resort town of Eilat. 24 Russian travel agents were killed. In 2014 the bus driver was sentenced to 8 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/16/08)(SFC, 12/17/08, p.A8)(Reuters, 2/23/14)
2008        Dec 16, Italian police backed by helicopters arrested almost 90 suspected mobsters and thwarted a plan by the hobbled Sicilian Mafia to reconstitute itself and form a new ruling commission to set strategy. Gaetano Lo Presti (52), the alleged Mafia boss of a Palermo neighborhood, hanged himself in jail, hours after he was arrested in a blitz against Cosa Nostra.
    (AP, 12/16/08)(AP, 12/17/08)
2008        Dec 16, In Italy Fiat Group SpA for the first time shut down most of its Italian plants for a month, laying off nearly 50,000 workers for an extended holiday as it copes with the precipitous drop in demand for new cars.
    (AP, 12/16/08)
2008        Dec 16, The central banks of Sweden and Denmark came to the aid of Latvia with currency swap agreements. This enabled the Bank of Latvia, to borrow as much as €500 million.
    (WSJ, 12/17/08, p.C2)
2008        Dec 16, Somalia's UN-backed government crumbled further as the president defied parliament and Kenya announced sanctions against him in a strong public rebuke.
    (AP, 12/16/08)
2008        Dec 16, Somali pirates hijacked a tugboat belonging to total SA off the Yemeni coast. On August 3 pirates freed the tugboat TB Masindra 7, its attached Indonesian barge ADM1 and its 11 Indonesian sailors after a ransom was paid to end the second-longest hostage saga off the coast of Somalia.
    (AP, 12/16/08)(AFP, 8/3/09)
2008        Dec 16, In Spain an unoccupied hotel on the resort island of Mallorca partially collapsed during remodeling work, killing four workers.
    (AP, 12/16/08)
2008        Dec 16, In northern Sri Lanka intense fighting left at least 25 government troops and 120 Tamil Tigers dead in ongoing battles for the rebels' political capital. The rebels said they forced the troops to retreat after a day of bloody battles, killing 170 soldiers and wounding more than 400 others.
    (AP, 12/16/08)(AP, 12/17/08)
2008        Dec 16, The UN Security Council approved land and air attacks on pirate bases in Somalia.
    (SFC, 12/17/08, p.A14)

2009        Dec 16, Pres. Obama signed a $163.5 billion appropriations bill for labor, health and education that included the repeal of a 21-year-old ban on federal funding for local programs that supply clean needles for drug users.
    (SFC, 12/18/09, p.A26) 
2009        Dec 16, The US Federal Trade Commission voted to sue Intel Corp. over its business practices, saying it engaged in anti-competitive behavior by abusing its dominant market position. Intel controlled over 80% of the CPU market and will face an administrative law judge in September.
    (SFC, 12/17/09, p.A1)
2009        Dec 16, South Carolina lawmakers voted to formally rebuke Gov. Mark Sanford, sparing him from impeachment over secret trips to his Argentine mistress and his use of state planes.
    (SFC, 12/17/09, p.A12)
2009        Dec 16, It was reported that nearly 40 people have been arrested in Virginia this week on charges of dealing heroin and prescription narcotics in the suburbs of Washington, DC.
    (SFC, 12/15/09, p.A9)
2009        Dec 16, SF Mayor Gavin Newsom struck a deal with the US Navy to acquire Treasure Island for a guaranteed payment of $55 million over several years. Additional considerations could make the package worth over $105 million to the federal government.
    (SFC, 12/17/09, p.A1)
2009        Dec 16, Bank of America’s board of directors chose banking chief Brian Moynihan to replace Ken Lewis as CEO on Jan 1.
    (SFC, 12/17/09, p.A12)
2009        Dec 16, In Las Vegas, Nevada, the 76-acre CityCenter opened at a cost of around $8.5 billion. It was the largest privately funded construction project in America.
    (Econ, 7/10/10, SR p.5)(http://tinyurl.com/y8f6659)
2009        Dec 16, Roy Edward Disney (b.1930), the nephew of Walt Disney, died. His commitment to the Disney company led to executive regime changes (1984) and a revival of the studio’s legendary animation unit.
    (SFC, 12/17/09, p.C4)
2009        Dec 16, In Belarus the Nasha Niva independent newspaper said President Alexander Lukashenko has issued a decree to tighten state control over the Internet.
    (AFP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, The British board of the UK Payments Council, the body for setting payment strategy in Britain, agreed to set a target date of October 31, 2018 for winding up the check clearing system.
    (AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, In Dagestan, Russia, police killed three suspected militants in a clash.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 16, In Denmark police fired pepper spray and beat protesters with batons outside the UN climate conference, as disputes inside left major issues unresolved just two days before world leaders hope to sign a historic agreement to fight global warming.
    (AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, The 8-day Dubai Int’l. Film Festival (DIFF) closed.
    (www.dubaifilmfest.com/schedule_2009.php)
2009        Dec 16, Egypt's antiquities chief said the wall paintings that caused a feud between Egypt and the Louvre Museum will be returned to their original location in a tomb in Luxor.
    (AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, France’s Finance Minister Christine Lagarde said France will follow Britain and slap a 50 percent tax on bankers' bonuses above 27,500 euros (40,000 dollars).
    (AFP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, Germany's new center-right government unveiled a 2010 budget that forecasts record debt and a 10.5 percent rise in spending.
    (AFP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, Germany said it is donating euro60 million ($87 million) to a new endowment for Auschwitz-Birkenau to preserve barracks, gas chambers and other evidence of Nazi crimes at the former death camp in Poland. The donation is half the amount experts believe is needed to preserve the camp.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 16, In Ghana 3 alleged al-Qaeda associates were arrested in a sting operation on cocaine trafficking. Oumar Issa, Harouna Toure and Idriss Abelrahman were soon transferred to the US and on Dec 18 were charged with conspiring to engage in narco-terrorism.
    (SFC, 12/19/09, p.A6)
2009        Dec 16, Lieutenant Aboubacar "Toumba" Diakite, a former aide to Guinean junta leader Moussa Dadis Camara confessed in an aired radio interview to shooting the Camara out of fear that he would be held to blame for the bloody quashing of a pro-democracy rally.
    (Reuters, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, Indonesian police killed Kelly Kwalik (60), one of the most active Papuan rebel commanders, sparking angry protests in a region scarred by unrest and rights abuses. Police said they shot Kwalik after he threatened to open fire on them during a raid on a house in Timika. Kwalik commanded the Free Papua Movement (OPM) in southern Mimika district.
    (AFP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, Iran test-fired an upgraded version of its most advanced missile, which is capable of hitting Israel and parts of Europe, in a new show of strength aimed at preventing any military strike against it amid the nuclear standoff with the West.
    (AP, 12/16/09)   
2009        Dec 16, Iraq’s PM Nuri al-Maliki said the Iraqi cabinet has approved a plan to offer rewards of up to 85,000 dollars for tip-offs about car bombs. A bomb attached to a car killed an Awakening Council member and injured two others in Madain, about 14 miles south of Baghdad. A bomb hidden inside a sack left in a minibus killed two passengers and wounded 6 others mid-afternoon in Baghdad's northern Kazimiyah neighborhood.
    (AFP, 12/16/09)(AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, In Mexico 200 sailors raided an upscale apartment complex and killed a reputed Mexican drug cartel chief in a two-hour gunbattle. Arturo Beltran Leyva, the "boss of bosses," and three members of his cartel were slain in the shootout in Cuernavaca. Beltran Levya was one of five brothers who split from the Sinaloa Cartel several years ago and aligned themselves with Los Zetas, a group of former soldiers hired by the rival Gulf Cartel as hit men. The severed heads of 6 state police investigators were found at a public plaza in Cuencame, Durango state.
    (AP, 12/17/09)(SFC, 12/17/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 16, In Myanmar 6 people were killed and 12 injured when a time bomb exploded in Karen state.
    (AFP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 16, Nigerian authorities announced the creation of five committees that will address oil, environmental and disarmament issues, following an amnesty in the southern Niger Delta.
    (AFP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 16, A Pakistani court struck down an amnesty protecting President Asif Ali Zardari and other politicians from possible prosecution for corruption.
    (Reuters, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 16, Papua New Guinea police shot dead Kelly Kwalik, one of the senior commanders of the Free Papua Movement (OPM).
    (Econ, 6/5/10, p.49)(http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8415484.stm)
2009        Dec 16, In Paraguay President Fernando Lugo’s lawyer said Lugo has agreed to take a DNA test following a judicial request presented by Hortensia Damiana Moran (40), the third woman to claim he fathered her child.
    (AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, In Peru a storm-loosened wave of mud and rocks rolled through the streets of Ayacucho in the Peruvian Andes, killing at least 9 people while destroying homes and cars.
    (AP, 12/17/09)
2009        Dec 16, Yegor Gaidar (53), Russian economist and former acting prime minister (1992), died at his Moscow-area home. He oversaw Russia's painful economic transition from communism to the free market in the 1990s.
    (AP, 12/16/09)(Econ, 12/19/09, p.149)
2009        Dec 16, South Africa's former health minister Manto Tshabalala-Msimang (69) died. She gained notoriety for her dogged promotion of lemons, garlic and olive oil to treat AIDS.
    (AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, In South Korea at least 14 elderly people were killed and 17 injured when their bus plunged off a mountain road.
    (AFP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, The Swiss government said it will take in one detainee from the US detention facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (AP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, Vietnam said it has ordered submarines and fighter jets from Russia, its former communist ally, in a deal reportedly worth hundreds of millions of dollars.
    (AP, 12/16/09)

2010        Dec 16, President Barack Obama said the United States will start withdrawing US troops from Afghanistan in July as promised. He still warned of sobering days, saying the war will remain a "very difficult endeavor." In Afghanistan a bomb killed 14 members of the same family north of Herat city. 4 Afghan soldiers died overnight in a NATO air strike in Helmand province.
    (AP, 12/16/10)(AFP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, The US FDA said it was beginning the process to rescind Avastin’s accelerated approval in breast tumors. The drug had global sales of $6 billion in 2009.
    (SFC, 12/17/10, p.C1)
2010        Dec 16, The big set of sand barriers erected by Louisiana's governor to protect the coastline at the height of the Gulf oil spill was criticized by a presidential commission as a colossal, $200 million waste of BP's money so far.
    (AP, 12/17/10)
2010        Dec 16, Lorillard Tobacco Co. was ordered to pay $81 million in punitive damages to the estate and son of a Boston woman who started smoking at age 13. A day earlier jurors ordered Lorillard to pay $71 million in compensatory damages to Willie Evans and the estate of his mother Marie, who died of lung cancer in 2002.
    (SFC, 12/17/10, p.A10)
2010        Dec 16, US authorities said 7 people have been arrested following the seizure of nearly 11 tons of marijuana, valued at $22 million, packed into railroad cars from Mexico and destined to Chicago.
    (SFC, 12/17/10, p.A13)
2010        Dec 16, The California Air Resources Board approved the creation of the nation’s first broad-based program to put a cap on green house gas emissions.
    (SFC, 12/17/10, p.A1)
2010        Dec 16, In California Rohayent Gomez (13) was shot and paralyzed by police officer Victor Abarca as the boy held a replica gun. In 2012 a jury ruled that the LAPD must pay $24 million to Gomez.
    (SSFC, 12/16/12, p.A12)
2010        Dec 16, Prosecutors in Atlanta, Georgia, said they have seized 700,000 tabs of Ecstasy and charged Devon Samuels, a US Customs and Border Protection agent, along with 13 others in a large scale drug trafficking scheme.
    (SFC, 12/17/10, p.A10)
2010        Dec 16, New York police scoured a 10-mile stretch of a Long Island beach access road where four bodies were discovered this week.
    (AP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, Oklahoma executed John David Duty (58) using a drug combination that included the sedative pentobarbital, commonly used to euthanize animals. Duty had strangled a cellmate nearly a decade ago.
    (SFC, 12/17/10, p.A13)
2010        Dec 16, A federal indictment said a Texas couple, Najmeh Vahid and Dr. Hossein Lahiji, and the head of an Oregon charity secretly sent millions of dollars to an Iranian bank and to a contact in Iran for nine years, violating a US embargo. The head of the charity, Mehrdad Yasrebi, allegedly funneled money that was meant for food and other assistance to his cousin and to a bank controlled by the Iranian government.
    (AP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, Astronauts from the US, Russia and Italy blasted off in a Soyuz spacecraft from Kazakhstan on a mission to the Int’l. Space Station.
    (SFC, 12/16/10, p.A2)
2010        Dec 16, Gene Smith (b.1936), librarian and Tibetologist, died in NYC. In 1999 he set up the Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center in Boston and then in NYC.
    (Econ, 1/15/11, p.98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E._Gene_Smith)
2010        Dec 16, In Bangladesh Salauddin Quader Chowdhury, a key figure in the opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party, was arrested. A tribunal has said it has found evidence of Chowdhury committing genocide, rape, arson and looting during the bloody 9-month liberation struggle against Pakistan in 1971. Allegations soon emerged that security forces tortured Chowdhury during interrogations.
    (AFP, 12/23/10)
2010        Dec 16, In Belgium NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen, speaking at a groundbreaking ceremony for a new NATO building, said the new structure is essential to meet the demands of a rapidly changing security environment. Completion is due in 2015.
    (AP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, In Bolivia lawmakers in a natural gas-rich eastern province removed Tarija Gov. Mario Cossio, a key opponent of leftist President Evo Morales, after he was charged with dereliction of duty and causing economic damage. His unseating by a legislature dominated by Morales supporters left opposition governors in control of just two of Bolivia's nine provinces.
    (AP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, London's High Court upheld a decision to release WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, under strict conditions, as he fought extradition to Sweden over alleged sex crimes.
    (AP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao pressed on with a charm offensive in India, offering support for New Delhi's bid for a greater role in the United Nations and agreeing on an ambitious target of $100 billion annually in trade between the rising Asian powers by 2015.
    (Reuters, 12/16/10)(SFC, 12/17/10, p.A2)
2010        Dec 16, China’s General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine said in a statement that it has banned poultry and poultry product imports from Manitoba, Canada, after an outbreak of low-pathogenic H5N2 bird flu there.
    (Reuters, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, Human Rights Watch urged the EU to stop returning migrants and asylum seekers to Ukraine, saying that they faced abuse and torture in the former Soviet republic.
    (Reuters, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, Lawyers said a French judge has filed preliminary charges against six people close to President Paul Kagame of Rwanda over the 1994 assassination of the country's then-president in a missile attack on his plane. Among the six people in question are ranking Rwandan army officers, including James Kabarebe, who has been Rwanda's defense minister since April, Charles Kayonga and Jackson Nkurunziza. The remaining three were identified as Jacob Tumwine, Sam Kaka and Franck Nziza.
    (AP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, India's Hero Group said it was ending a 26-year-old joint venture with Honda Motor and buying out the Japanese firm's stake in the biggest Indian motorcycle manufacturer by sales.
    (AFP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, In Iraq bombs hidden in trash cans exploded near a group of pilgrims in a town north of Baghdad, killing two people as millions of Shiites headed to ceremonies to mark Ashura, a day of mourning. Karbala provincial council chief Mohammed al-Mussawi said "We were able to destroy 14 terrorist cells and arrest 73 people, including 37 wanted persons."
    (AP, 12/16/10)(AFP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, The Israeli military said the air force has shot down a suspicious object, "apparently a balloon," hovering over southern Israel, where its main nuclear reactor is located.
    (AP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, In Ivory Coast gunfire and explosions shook Abidjan as supporters and security forces loyal to the two men claiming to be president clashed. An attempt by Alassane Ouattara’s people to march on the state television building left about 20 people dead.
    (AP, 12/16/10)(AFP, 12/17/10)(Econ, 1/8/11, p.46)
2010        Dec 16, Malaysian opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim and three of his allies were suspended from parliament for six months in votes that triggered pandemonium and an opposition walkout.
    (AFP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, Mexico said that more than 30,000 people have been killed in drug violence since President Felipe Calderon launched a crackdown against cartels in late 2006. Masked men pulled up in a car in front of the governor's office in Chihuahua. One appeared to exchange words with anti-crime crusader Marisela Escobedo Ortiz, who was holding a vigil outside. She tried to flee by running across the street, but the gunman chased her down and shot her in the head. The burned and dismembered remains of Escobedo's 17-year-old daughter were found in a Ciudad Juarez trash bin in June, 2009. Three judges ordered the release of the main suspect in the daughter's killing after he was absolved by a court in April for lack of evidence. The scandal resulted in the suspension of the judges. The judges resigned on March 11, 2011.
    (AP, 12/16/10)(AP, 12/18/10)(AP, 3/15/11)
2010        Dec 16, In Mexico some 50-100 migrants were reportedly abducted by an armed group that stopped a freight train they were traveling on as it entered Oaxaca state from the border state of Chiapas.
    (AFP, 12/21/10)
2010        Dec 16, In Nigeria Pentecostal pastor John Nadrew (46) was given three years and eight months after security agents found an AK-47 rifle and five pistols in his house in Dot village during a raid last month.
    (AFP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, In Pakistan 16 people were wounded, two critically, when an assailant threw an explosive device at Shiite Ashoura procession. A US missile strike killed 7 militants in the Spin Drand area of Khyber close to the Afghan border.
    (AP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, Palestinian negotiator Nabil Shaath said he has asked representatives of several EU countries to recognize the truce lines before the 1967 Mideast war as the borders between Israel and a Palestinian state.
    (AP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, Russian cardiologist Ivan Khrenov told PM Putin during a live call-in show that his bosses instructed doctors and nurses to show fake pay slips and pose as recovering patients surrounded by new equipment during the premier's November visit to a hospital in the central town of Ivanovo. Putin's visit to the hospital was nationally televised, just like the call-in show where Khrenov made his claims.
    (AP, 12/17/10)
2010        Dec 16, In Saudi Arabia hundreds of Sunni hard-liners in Medina attacked those participating in the commemorations, known as Ashura. The day of mourning marks the killing of the Prophet Muhammad's grandson Hussein in the year 680 in present day Iraq. Shiites represented 10% of predominantly Sunni Saudi Arabia's 22.6 million people.
    (AP, 12/18/10)
2010        Dec 16, The UN's human rights chief said that Sudan is blocking aid workers from entering the country ahead of next month's referendum on independence for the south.
    (AP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, The UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1960, which called for an end to all acts of sexual violence. The Secretary-General was asked to include information on parties suspected to be responsible for acts of rape or other acts of sexual violence, which the Council would use to engage with the parties or take action against them.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Security_Council_Resolution_1960)
2010        Dec 16, A fierce fight in Ukraine's parliament sent at least six lawmakers to the hospital with concussions, a fractured jaw and multiple bruises, setting a new low for the often-tumultuous body. Pro-Tymoshenko legislators had been blocking legislative work all day, protesting a corruption probe against her.
    (AP, 12/17/10)
2010        Dec 16, A Vietnam-registered fishing boat, named Phu Tan, capsized off the Chinese coast leaving 27 fishermen missing.
    (AP, 12/16/10)
2010        Dec 16, In Zimbabwe Raphael Khumalo, chief executive at the Zimbabwe Standard said first lady Grace Mugabe (45) has filed a $15 million lawsuit against the independent newspaper after they published a story citing WikiLeaks cables, dating to 2008, alleging her involvement in illegal diamond deals.
    (AP, 12/16/10)

2011        Dec 16, It was reported that US presidential candidate and Texas Gov. Rick Perry (61) was collecting $7,700 a month in state pension in addition to his nearly $133,000 annual salary as governor. State coded permitted the double dip practice.
    (SFC, 12/17/11, p.A10)
2011        Dec 16, The US SEC brought civil fraud charges against 6 former top executives of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, saying they misled investors about risky subprime loans.
    (SFC, 12/17/11, p.D1)
2011        Dec 16, Zynga, a SF-based game company, went public for $10 a share, valuing the company at $1 billion. Shares closed down 5% at $9.50.
    (SFC, 12/16/11, p.A1)(SFC, 12/17/11, p.A1)
2011        Dec 16, In Atlanta, Georgia, rapper Slim Dunkin was gunned down in a music studio as he was preparing to record a video.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Jennifer Anderson (54), former keyboardist and singer for the Nuns, died of complications from breast and liver cancer in NYC. She performed under the name Jennifer Miro with the pioneering SF punk band.
    (SFC, 1/11/12, p.C5)
2011        Dec 16, Veteran film and television actor Dan Frazer, best known for his role as Captain Frank McNeil on the 1970s television series "Kojak," died in Manhattan. His films include "Cleopatra Jones," ''Take the Money and Run" ''Gideon's Trumpet" and "Deconstructing Harry." Besides "Kojak," Frazer's television appearances include "Car 54, Where Are You," ''Route 66," ''Barney Miller" and "Law & Order."
    (AP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 16, In Bahrain a protester was killed after reportedly being hit by a police car during a rally.
    (AP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 16, China's government gave the first sign that prominent civil rights lawyer Gao Zhisheng is alive, saying he would be sent to prison for three years for violating his probation. Zhisheng, an advocate of constitutional reform, was convicted in 2006 of subversion and disappeared 20 months ago. On Jan 1, 2012, his brother said Gao has been imprisoned in Shaya prison in the far western region of Xinjiang.
    (AP, 12/16/11)(AFP, 1/1/12)
2011        Dec 16, Beijing city authorities issued new rules requiring microbloggers to register their real names before posting online, as the Chinese government tightens its grip on the Internet.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, England's highest court granted WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange permission to appeal against his extradition to Sweden to face rape allegations, setting the hearing for February 1.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Egyptian troops clashed with petrol bomb-throwing protesters against military rule in Cairo, as the worst violence in weeks overshadowed the count in the second phase of a landmark general election. Fighting raged from dawn well into the night. The clashes left at least 8 people dead.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)(AFP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 16, Europol said police have arrested 112 people in 22 countries after a yearlong investigation into child pornography, warning that technology is making combating the spread of child abuse images ever more difficult. The investigation, code named "Operation Icarus," was carried out under the leadership of Danish police, due to Danish expertise in analyzing the peer-to-peer networks that were used to share files.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, A court in Paris charged Sosthene Munyemana, a Rwandan doctor living in France, on suspicion he took part in the country's 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, A Soyuz rocket carrying six satellites launched from French Guiana in the Russian-built rocket model's second mission this year. It was to first release a French Earth observation satellite, Pleiades 1. Next to come would be four French micro-satellites and a Chilean Earth observation satellite was to be released last.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Indian student Jyoti Amge (18), measuring just 62.8 centimeters (less than two foot, one inch), was confirmed as the world's shortest living woman.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Indonesia's Parliament passed a long-awaited law allowing the government to acquire land for public projects by paying compensation. The law must be signed by the president within 30 days before taking effect.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, In Ivory Coast final election results from Dec 11 said Ouattara's Rally of Republicans (RDR) won 127 of the 254 seats contested, with its main ally, the Ivory Coast Democratic Party (PDCI), getting 77. Turnout in the vote was 36.56 percent.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Japan's PM Yoshihiko Noda announced that the country's Fukushima Dai-ichi tsunami-damaged nuclear plant has achieved a stable state of "cold shutdown," a crucial step toward the eventual lifting of evacuation orders and closing of the plant.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, In Kazakhstan at least 15 people died in a clash with police in the city of Zhanaozen. The city had been the site of a sit-in by oil workers seeking higher wages. Many of those workers were fired over the summer. Opposition leader Vladimir Kozlov was later jailed on trumped-up charges of fomenting the turmoil.
    (AP, 12/18/11)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.57)(Econ, 1/30/16, p.35)
2011        Dec 16, Kuwaiti riot police used tear gas and water cannons to disperse hundreds of stateless protesters, known as bidoon, who were demanding citizenship and other basic rights. Under Kuwaiti law, only citizens have the right to hold public gatherings.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)(AP, 12/18/11)
2011        Dec 16, In Kyrgyzstan 4 parties agreed to form a broad coalition government, a development that could create much-needed political stability.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Malaysian shipbuilder Boustead Naval Shipyard says it has won a 9.0 billion ringgit ($2.8 billion) deal from Kuala Lumpur for six naval patrol vessels developed by French manufacturer DCNS.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, In Mexico a marine officer, his two sons, also marines, and his wife disappeared in the western state of Guerrero. Several suspects were arrested on Jan 13 and confessed to kidnapping them at a fake checkpoint and killing them.
    (AP, 1/15/12)
2011        Dec 16, In the Netherlands a long-awaited report said thousands of children suffered sexual abuse in Dutch Catholic institutions over the past 65 years, and church officials knew about the abuse but failed to adequately address it or help the victims.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Judges of the International Criminal Court at The Hague decided not to charge Rwandan rebel leader Callixte Mbarushimana (48) for crimes committed in the Democratic Republic of Congo and ordered his release. Mbarushimana faced 13 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity allegedly committed in DR Congo's Kivu provinces in 2009.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, In Nigeria a gunmen opened fire on a police checkpoint on the outskirts of Kano, resulting in a shootout which left one policeman dead and another seriously wounded.
    (AFP, 12/17/11)
2011        Dec 16, In Gaza a man died from heavy machine gun fire on the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel. An Israeli military spokeswoman said soldiers on patrol in the area heard explosions, and a tank responded with gunfire toward "suspicious locations." Family members identified the victim as Nafez Nabhein (35), a Bedouin civilian from the Bureij refugee camp.
    (AP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Russia gained approval to join the World Trade Organization (WTO). Formal membership was expected in early 2012.
    (SFC, 12/17/11, p.A4)
2011        Dec 16, South Korea joined a fresh multinational effort to press Iran to scrap its suspected nuclear weapons program, adding more than 100 names to a financial blacklist of Iranian firms and individuals.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Syrian security forces opened fire on anti-government protesters after Friday prayers at several locations around the country, while the army sent reinforcements into a southern area where military defectors recently launched deadly attacks on regime troops. At least 10 people were left dead.
    (AP, 12/16/11)(SFC, 12/17/11, p.A3)
2011        Dec 16, In Yemen hundreds of thousands demonstrated across the country rejecting an amnesty given to President Ali Abdullah Saleh against prosecution in a deal that eases him out of office.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)
2011        Dec 16, Zimbabwe state media said the national airline has suspended flights to South Africa over a debt of $500,000, fearing creditors might impound more of its planes.
    (AFP, 12/16/11)

2012        Dec 16, In Topeka, Kansas, Cpl. David Gogian (50) and Jeff Atherly (29) were killed as they responded to a report of a suspicious vehicle. Officers tried to negotiate with suspect David Tiscareno (22) before firing tear gas into the home. Tiscareno was shot by police and died of his wounds the next day.
    (AP, 12/17/12)(SFC, 12/18/12, pA7)
2012        Dec 16, In Bahrain police fired tear gas at anti-government protesters who took to the streets after King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa called for unity Sunday in a speech for the kingdom's national day.
    (AP, 12/16/12)
2012        Dec 16, A British medical watchdog ruled that Derek Keilloh, a former army doctor, failed to protect detainees and acted dishonestly following the death of Baha Mousa, an Iraqi civilian beaten and killed in the custody of UK troops in Sep, 2003.
    (AP, 12/17/12)
2012        Dec 16, Key Egyptian rights groups called for a repeat of the first round of the constitutional referendum, alleging the vote was marred by widespread violations.
    (AP, 12/16/12)
2012        Dec 16, The EU and Singapore signed a regional trade agreement.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.118)
2012        Dec 16, French actor Gerard Depardieu said in an open letter that he is turning in his passport following his move to tax-friendly Belgium after PM Jean-Marc Ayrault called Depardieu pathetic and unpatriotic.
    (SFC, 12/17/12, p.A2)
2012        Dec 16, Ghana's government said it will abide by the UN Tribunal's order for the immediate release of Argentina’s ARA Libertad navy training ship seized two months ago at the request of an American hedge fund.
    (AP, 12/16/12)
2012        Dec 16, In India six men raped medical student Jyoti Singh (23) and savagely beat her and her companion with iron rods on a bus driving around New Delhi, passing through several police checkpoints, before stripping them and dumping them on the side of the road. The rapes triggered massive protests on Dec 19 as police fished out the raped body of a 10-year old girl from a canal in Bihar state's Saharsa district. Singh died on Dec 29. Ram Singh, the bus driver and the fifth suspect in the crime, was found hanging in his cell in Tihar prison in March 2013. Four of the suspects were sentenced to death in 2013. On Dec 20, 2015, the youngest convict from gang rape was released after fulfilling his three-year sentence in a reform home.  
    (AP, 12/19/12)(AP, 12/29/12)(Econ., 3/14/15, p.43)(CSM, 12/20/15)(AP, 5/5/17)
2012        Dec 16, In Iraq a car bomb explosion near a Kurdish party office killed two people in Julala, a disputed city north of Baghdad. 6 others died in a series of blasts aimed at Shiite targets in Kirkuk.
    (AP, 12/16/12)(SFC, 12/17/12, p.A2)
2012        Dec 16, In Japan exit polls showed that the conservative Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) returned to power in a landslide election victory after three years in opposition. Hawkish former PM Shinzo Abe will get a second chance to lead the nation after a one-year stint in 2006-2007. The LDP with its new Komeito ally won control of 325 of 480 seats in the lower house of the Diet.
    (AP, 12/16/12)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.12)
2012        Dec 16, Kuwaiti security forces blocked hundreds of protesters from staging a rally outside the parliament building as emir Sheik Sabah Al Ahmed Al Sabah denounced anti-government factions for threatening to "tear apart" the nation.
    (AP, 12/16/12)
2012        Dec 16, Libya's parliament voted to close the country's borders with Sudan, Niger and Chad, declaring the south a restricted military area. Four policemen were shot dead in the eastern city of Benghazi when gunmen fired rocket-propelled grenades on a security compound there.
    (AP, 12/16/12)
2012        Dec 16, Palestinian PM Salaam Fayyad called for a boycott of Israeli products to protests Israel’s withholding $100 million in taxes owed to the Palestinian Authority.
    (SFC, 12/17/12, p.A2)
2012        Dec 16, Pakistani security forces cornered the last members of a group of Taliban militants who staged a deadly raid on an airport in Peshawar city. All five, believed to be Uzbeks, died in the ensuing firefight.
    (AP, 12/16/12)
2012        Dec 16, South African President Jacob Zuma acknowledged that corruption and violence have marred the image of the African National Congress (ANC) under his watch, but called on members to again support him to be the political party's leader.
    (AP, 12/16/12)
2012        Dec 16, In South Africa 4 white men were arrested and faced treason and terrorism charges over an alleged plot that included plans to attack the ongoing African National Congress political party convention and kill President Jacob Zuma and others. On Dec 18 prosecutors identified them as Mark Trollip, Johan Prinsloo, Martin Keevy and Hein Boonzaaier during a court hearing in Bloemfontein. On Nov 6, 2014, Johan Prinsloo was convicted of "high treason and possession of ammunition" and jailed for eight years. Co-accused Mark Trollip had last year pleaded guilty to a charge of conspiracy and was also handed an eight-year jail term. Martin Keevy, was found mentally unfit to stand trial and charges against him were withdrawn. Charges against Hein Boonzaaier, then the party leader, were dropped due to insufficient evidence.
    (AP, 12/18/12)(AFP, 11/6/14)
2012        Dec 16, In Syria the Al-Tawheed Brigade, an Islamist faction of rebels, captured the Hanano Barracks, an infantry base in the northern city of Aleppo. Al-Tawheed commander, Col. Youssef al-Jader, was killed. Government warplanes blasted a Palestinian refugee camp near Damascus, killing eight people and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 12/16/12)
2012        Dec 16, Venezuelans chose governors and state lawmakers. Allies of cancer-stricken Pres. Hugo Chavez steamrolled Venezuela's opposition in gubernatorial elections, winning 20 of 23 states. Voter turnout was 53%.
    (AP, 12/16/12)
2012        Dec 16, In Zimbabwe mainstream Anglican Christians took back their cathedral in Harare after a lockout of more than five years staged by an excommunicated, breakaway bishop who claimed loyalty to the president's party and used loyalist police to keep people out.
    (AP, 12/16/12)

2013        Dec 16, A US judge struck a first blow against the National Security Agency's bulk collection of phone records, ruling it breaches citizens' privacy to an "almost Orwellian" degree that is probably unconstitutional.
    (AP, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, US Secretary of State John Kerry announced that the United States will boost maritime security assistance to the countries of Southeast Asia amid rising tensions with Beijing.
    (AP, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, US officials said two Saudis from Guantanamo have been transferred to the custody of their own government after a security review. The men are Saad Muhammad Husayn Qahtani (35) and Hamood Abdulla Hamood (48).
    (AP, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, Environmentalists filed a lawsuit against the US National Marines Fisheries Service to demand that it force the Navy to consider alternatives to its 5-year plan that will intensify sonar use off southern California and Hawaii. The Navy had already estimated that its activitescould kill hundreds of whales and dolphins.
    (SFC, 12/17/13, p.A5)
2013        Dec 16, Researchers reported that the molten rock beneath Yellowstone National Park is 2.5 times larger than previously estimated.
    (SFC, 12/17/13, p.A7)
2013        Dec 16, In Ohio Bobby Thompson (67), aka John Donald Cody, was sentenced to 28 years in prison for masterminding a $100 million Navy veteran’s charity fraud across the US.
    (SFC, 12/17/13, p.A5)
2013        Dec 16, Ray Price (b.1926), American country singer, died in Texas. His more than 100 hits included his 1970 version of “For the Good Times," written by Kris Kristofferson.
    (SFC, 12/18/13, p.A11)
2013        Dec 16, Australia’s PM Tony Abbott said Australian combat troops have completed their withdrawal from Afghanistan, marking the end of the nation's longest war which left 40 of its soldiers dead.
    (AFP, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, Bangladesh police opened fire on bomb-throwing Islamist protesters as five more people died in clashes sparked by the execution of an Islamist leader for war crimes.
    (AFP, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, British Petroleum said it has won official approval to develop a key shale gas project in Oman at a cost of $16 billion (11.6 billion euros).
    (AP, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, Sources said China’s Pres. Xi Jinping and other party leaders have authorized a corruption probe against Zhou Yongkang, a former head of the domestic security apparatus.
    (SFC, 12/16/13, p.A2)
2013        Dec 16, Heavy gunfire rocked the capital of the Republic of Congo, soon after Congolese security forces encircled the home of Col. Marcel Tsourou recently charged with complicity in a military arms depot fire and explosion that claimed 200 lives.
    (AP, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, Egyptian security forces fired tear gas at dozens of university students outside their Cairo campus in an attempt to prevent their protest from reaching the nearby defense ministry. Egypt's military killed Silmi Mohammed Masbah, a jihadist suspected of involvement in an ambush that left 16 Egyptian soldiers killed near the border with Israel last year.
    (AP, 12/16/13)(AFP, 12/17/13)
2013        Dec 16, European Union foreign ministers pledged "unprecedented" amounts of political, financial and security support for Israel and the Palestinians if they come to a peace agreement.
    (AP, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, More than 50 top European and US scientists wrote to the European Commission President urging him to press ahead with a plan to label tar sands as more polluting than other forms of oil, in defiance of intensive lobbying from Canada.
    (Reuters, 12/20/13)
2013        Dec 16, French police made 21 arrests as part of an investigation into claims that meat from horses used to produce anti-rabies and other serums got into the food chain.
    (AFP, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, Germany-based Siemens said it has won an order to supply 448 wind turbines with a total capacity of 1,050 megawatts (MW) to US-based MidAmerican Energy, which the engineering group said was the largest single order for onshore wind power ever awarded.
    (Reuters, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, In Indonesia Canadian activist Jeremy Ball visited jailed independence supporters in Papua at the end of a six-month bicycle tour to highlight human rights concerns about the restive eastern region.
    (AP, 12/17/13)
2013        Dec 16, In Iraq militants attacked and temporarily occupied a city council headquarters in Tikrit and assaulted a police station in Baiji, as violence across the country killed at least 54 people.
    (AFP, 12/16/13)(Reuters, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, Moncler, a luxury goods manufaturer, made its debut on the Italian stock exchange at €10.20 per share. On Dec 30 its shares closed at €15.80 making its boss Remo Ruffini a paper billionaire.
    (Econ, 1/4/14, p.48)
2013        Dec 16, In Mali four more bodies of soldiers were discovered, bringing to 25 the number of troops believed to have been killed by the country's coup leader.
    (AP, 12/17/13)
2013        Dec 16, In Mexico hundreds of people were evacuated after an explosion and fire that was caused by thieves trying to tap into a natural gas pipeline of state oil and gas company Pemex on the outskirts of Mexico City. Seven people were reported injured.
    (Reuters, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, In Pakistan a roadside bomb killed three members of a bomb disposal team who were on their way to defuse another bomb elsewhere in the city of Peshawar.
    (AP, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, In the Philippines at least 22 people were killed when a speeding commuter bus crashed off an elevated motorway onto a delivery van in Manila.
    (Reuters, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, Russia’s Izvestia newspaper reported that Russia has deployed Iskander missiles with a range of hundreds of kilometers in its Baltic Sea exclave of Kaliningrad, which borders Poland and Lithuania.
    (Reuters, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, Russia said its security forces have killed four alleged militants including the leader of a group suspected of carrying out attacks on tourists and ski facilities in the North Caucasus. The National Anti-Terrorist Committee said the dead men included Arsen Khandokhov, described as the leader of a militant cell suspected of crimes including the killing of two tourists and attacks on a ski lift.
    (Reuters, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, In South Africa a statue of Nelson Mandela was unveiled outside the government complex in Pretoria, a day after his funeral. It was later revealed that sculptors Andre Prinsloo and Ruhan Janse van Vuuren had added a small rabbit inside one ear, said to be a discreet signature on their work. Officials soon ordered the rabbit removed.
    (AP, 1/22/14)
2013        Dec 16, South Sudan's President Salva Kiir declared a curfew in the capital Juba after overnight clashes between rival factions of soldiers followed months of tension between Kiir and his sacked deputy. Kiir said disgruntled soldiers and politicians led by ousted VP Riek Macha had attempted to overthrow the government.
    (Reuters, 12/16/13)(AP, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, Syrian government aircraft pounded opposition areas in the northern city of Aleppo and near the southern border with Jordan.
    (AP, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, Turkey’s Hurriyet Daily News reported that Turkey has shipped 47 tons of weapons to Syrian rebels since June despite repeated government denials.
    (AFP, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, Turkey signed a long-awaited deal with the European Union to send back people who enter the bloc illegally from its territory in exchange for talks on visa-free travel for its citizens.
    (AFP, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, Ukraine's ruling party demanded a sweeping cabinet reshuffle in a sign the leadership was seeking to placate the opposition in a bitter standoff over a rejected EU pact.
    (AFP, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, The UN appealed for a record $6.5 billion for Syria and its neighbors to help 16 million people, many of them hungry or homeless victims of a conflict that has lasted 33 months with no end in sight.
    (Reuters, 12/16/13)
2013        Dec 16, In Vietnam Duong Chi Dung (b.1957), former director of the Vietnam Maritime Bureau, former Chairman of the Board Members Maritime Corporation Vietnam (Vinalines), Standing Member of the Party of business, was sentenced to death on charges of embezzlement and 28 years in prison for intentionally violating state regulations on economic management causing serious consequences.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lg7xobd)

2014        Dec 16, Pres. Obama signed a $1.1 trillion spending bill that keeps the US government operating over the next nine months.
    (SFC, 12/17/14, p.A9)
2014        Dec 16, Pres. Obama signed legislation imposing further sanctions on Russia and authorizing additional aid to Ukraine.
    (SFC, 12/17/14, p.A5)
2014        Dec 16, Lena Jacobs Coombs (48), Utah-based former marketing director for Symantec, an anti-virus software maker, pleaded guilty to embezzling over $1 million to fund personal expenses and vacations. On April 22, 2015, Coombs was sentenced to three years in prison. She was also ordered to pay $915,412 in restitution.
    (SFC, 12/18/14, p.C5)(SFC, 4/24/15, p.C3)
2014        Dec 16, Rock Scully (b.1941), the fist manager of the Grateful Dead, died in Monterey, Ca.
    (SFC, 12/20/14, p.C1)
2014        Dec 16, In Afghanistan 11 insurgents were killed in a US drone strike in Nangahar province.
    (AP, 12/17/14)(Reuters, 12/17/14)
2014        Dec 16, Bosnian police said they have arrested 10 people suspects of war crimes committed in northeast Bosnia where Serb forces in 1992 killed and expelled non-Serbs in order to create an ethnically pure territory.
    (AP, 12/16/14)
2014        Dec 16, A British jury cleared three security guards of manslaughter in the 2010 death of Jimmy Mubenga (46), an Angolan man, who collapsed while being deported.
    (AP, 12/16/14)
2014        Dec 16, Chinese PM Li Keqiang visited Afghanistan to meet with Afghanistan's chief executive officer, Abdullah Abdullah.
    (Reuters, 12/21/14)
2014        Dec 16, In Israel ten members of Lehava, a far-right Jewish organization, were arrested on suspicion of incitement and calls for acts of violence motivated by racism.
    (SFC, 12/17/14, p.A8)
2014        Dec 16, Israel's upgraded ballistic missile shield failed its first live interception test, a fresh setback for the US-supported system billed as a bulwark against Iran.
    (Reuters, 12/16/14)
2014        Dec 16, Israeli soldiers shot and killed Palestinian Mahmoud Abdalla (20) as violence erupted during an arrest operation in the West Bank. Palestinians in the refugee camp of Qalandiya reportedly threw explosive charges and opened fire at soldiers during the operation.
    (AP, 12/16/14)
2014        Dec 16, Italian police said they have arrested 59 suspects in a probe of ties between the 'ndrangheta organized crime syndicate and Milan businessmen, including alleged efforts to snare San Siro stadium's catering business.
    (AP, 12/16/14)
2014        Dec 16, In Mexico a shootout between rival vigilantes in western Michoacan state left 11 dead.
    (Reuters, 12/17/14)
2014        Dec 16, In Pakistan 150 people, including 132 students, were killed after Taliban gunmen broke into a school in Peshawar. 9 suicide attackers were killed in the bloodiest massacre the country has seen for years. The attack was later reported to have been masterminded by Umar Mansoor (36) of the Pakistani Taliban (TTP).
    (Reuters, 12/16/14)(AP, 12/16/14)(AP, 12/17/14)(Reuters, 12/19/14)(SFC, 12/22/14, p.A5)(Econ, 1/24/15, p.33)
2014        Dec 16, Romania's PM Victor Ponta gave up the title of "doctor," more than two years after he was accused of plagiarism in writing his doctoral thesis.
    (AP, 12/16/14)
2014        Dec 16, The Russian currency crashed to unprecedented lows as it reached 80 rubles to the dollar and 100 to the euro, testing Vladimir Putin's ability to ride out an economic storm and prevail in his confrontation with the West. Russia's emergency move a day earlier to raise interest rates to 17 percent failed to arrest the collapse of the ruble.
    (AFP, 12/16/14)
2014        Dec 16, The Spanish Interior Ministry said Spanish and Moroccan police have arrested seven people in an ongoing joint swoop on suspected efforts to recruit women to go to Syria and Iraq to support Islamic State insurgents.
    (AP, 12/16/14)
2014        Dec 16, Syria's state news agency SANA said that the army had killed more than 60 "terrorists" from the Islamic State militant group in the province of Deir al-Zor.
    (Reuters, 12/16/14)
2014        Dec 16, In Turkey dozens of football fans who took part in last year's mass anti-government protests went on trial accused of an attempted coup.
    (AP, 12/16/14)
2014        Dec 16, In Uganda scores of M23 rebels fled the camp where they were being held ahead of repatriation to CongoDRC.
    (SFC, 12/17/14, p.A2)
2014        Dec 16, In Vietnam rescue teams struggled to save 12 laborers trapped and running low on oxygen after a tunnel collapsed earlier in the day during construction of a hydropower plant in the Central Highlands province of Lam Dong. All twelve were rescued on Dec 19.
    (Reuters, 12/16/14)(Reuters, 12/17/14)(AP, 12/19/14)
2014        Dec 16, In Yemen two car bombs exploded in Radaa city in the central province of al-Bayda. Radaa is a bastion of the Yemen-based al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). The bombs exploded hitting a school bus traveling near a Shiite rebel gathering, killing 26, including at least 16 primary school students.
    (Reuters, 12/16/14)(AP, 12/16/14)(SFC, 12/17/14, p.A2)

2015        Dec 16, The Obama administration announced the approval of a $1.83 billion arms deal with Taiwan.
    (AP, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, The US central bank raised interest rates for the first time in nearly a decade. Fed officials voted unanimously to raise the key federal funds rate — the interest banks charge each other overnight — to a range of 0.25 percent to 0.5 percent, up from near-zero for the first time since December 2008.
    (AP, 12/17/15)
2015        Dec 16, The United States and its allies conducted 18 air strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/17/15)
2015        Dec 16, In Baltimore a judge declared a mistrial after jurors failed to reach a verdict in the trial of Officer William Porter, the first of six defendants in the Freddie Gray case.
    (SFC, 12/17/15, p.A14)
2015        Dec 16, New York announced a major overhaul in the way solitary confinement is administered in the state’s prisons as part of a far-reaching legal settlement.
    (SFC, 12/17/15, p.A15)
2015        Dec 16, In Oklahoma a man began firing randomly from a pickup truck and killed 2 people on I-40. A suspect was arrested the next day following a 25-mile chase.
    (SFC, 12/18/15, p.A9)
2015        Dec 16, Total Trib Media said it is closing the Valley Independent in Monessen and the Daily News in McKeesport, western Pennsylvania on Dec 31, putting 87 employees out of work.
    (SFC, 12/17/15, p.A12)
2015        Dec 16, Austria said two people were arrested over the weekend at a refugee center in Salzburg on suspicion of being connected to last month's Paris attacks.
    (Reuters, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, Fitch became the 2nd of three big credit-rating agencies to downgrade Brazil’s debt to junk states. Standard & Poor’s soon followed Fitch. On Dec 18 finance minister Joaquim Levy resigned in despair after a year on the job.
    (Econ, 1/2/16, p.7,14)
2015        Dec 16, British lawmakers voted in favor of the use of fracking to extract shale gas under national parks, weakening a decision against fracking in national parks made earlier this year and giving shale gas explorers access to more resources.
    (Reuters, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, In Cambodia garment workers in eastern Svay Rieng province went on strike to boost their monthly wages to $148.
    (SFC, 12/18/15, p.A2)
2015        Dec 16, As many as 69 Canadian special forces took part in a 17-hour counteroffensive east of Mosul. Two CF-18 fighter jets, along with US, British and French warplanes, launched airstrikes.
    (AFP, 12/18/15)
2015        Dec 16, In France the wife of jailed Saudi blogger Raif Badawi accepted the European Parliament's prestigious Sakharov human rights prize on his behalf, urging Arab countries to abandon theocratic diktats and embrace free speech.
    (AFP, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, Germany introduced a new police unit that officials said will be better armed, outfitted and trained to deal with terrorism.
    (AP, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, India's top court ordered a temporary ban on the sale of large diesel cars in New Delhi to combat toxic smog in the city, prompting concern in the auto sector as some carmakers say they may reconsider investment plans in the country.
    (Reuters, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, In India a maintenance technician was accidentally sucked into an aircraft engine at an airport in Mumbai.
    (SFC, 12/18/15, p.A2)
2015        Dec 16, The World Bank said it has approved a $1.5 billion loan for a state-led sanitation program in India, where millions of people have no access to toilets.
    (AP, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, The embattled speaker of Indonesia's House of Representatives resigned over his involvement in one of the biggest political scandals in years. Setya Novanto allegedly sought kickbacks from a giant US-owned gold and copper mine in exchange for helping it extend its operating contract.
    (AP, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, Indonesia deported 49 Taiwanese and one Chinese citizen who were members of a cross-border telephone and Internet fraud ring.
    (AP, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, In southern Iraq gunmen kidnapped at least 26 Qatari hunters, the second high-profile abduction of foreigners in the country in three months.
    (AFP, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, PM Matteo Renzi said Italy will deploy 450 troops near the front line with Islamic State militants in Iraq to protect workers carrying out repairs to the Mosul hydro-electric dam, the country's biggest.
    (Reuters, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, A team of sanctions monitors said Iran violated a UN Security Council resolution on October 10 by test-firing a missile capable of delivering a nuclear warhead.
    (Reuters, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, Japan's Supreme Court ruled that requiring married couples to have the same surname is constitutional, dealing a blow to a longtime effort for gender equality in choosing names.
    (AP, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, Jordan said it plans to deport about 800 Sudanese men, women and children to Sudan, after troops tore down a makeshift tent camp for the displaced in a pre-dawn raid.
    (AP, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, In Kenya al-Shabab militants attacked a convoy on the Mpeketoni-Lamu road burning vehicles and driving another police vehicle to Somalia. 2 people were shot dead, including a police officer, in the coastal Lamu County.
    (AP, 12/17/15)
2015        Dec 16, Nepal's parliament approved new laws to allow the government to spend billions of dollars pledged by foreign donors on reconstruction for hundreds of thousands of people who lost their homes during a devastating earthquake earlier this year.
    (AP, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, Dutch police fired warning shots and arrested 14 demonstrators when a protest by hundreds of people against the opening of a refugee center turned violent, leaving several injured.
    (AFP, 12/17/15)
2015        Dec 16, North Korea's Supreme Court sentenced Canadian pastor Hyeon Soo Lim to life in prison with hard labor for what it called crimes against the state. 
    (AP, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, President Vladimir Putin ordered his government to suspend Russia's free trade zone with Ukraine from Jan. 1, making good on Moscow's threats to Kiev which seeks closer ties with the European Union.
    (Reuters, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, Russia said its air force made 59 sorties in Syria in the past 24 hours and hit 212 Islamic State targets in the Syrian provinces of Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Khaseke and Raqqa.
    (Reuters, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, Sweden said it would send a transport plane and logistical support to Mali and other parts of Africa to free up French forces stationed there and let them join the fight against Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, Syrian government forces captured the strategic Noba Mountain, inching closer to a rebel-held stronghold in the coastal province of Latakia.
    (AP, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, Turkey's ambassador to Qatar said Turkey will establish a military base in Qatar as part of a defense agreement aimed at helping them confront common enemies.
    (Reuters, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, Turkish security forces stepped up operations targeting Kurdish militants in southeastern towns, as pro-government media detailed plans for a 10,000-strong force to restore state control in the region.
    (Reuters, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, Ukraine accused Russia of looting two of its oil rigs after Crimea-based oil and gas firm Chornomornaftogaz moved the equipment off the coast of the annexed peninsula into Russian waters.
    (Reuters, 12/16/15)
2015        Dec 16, In Yemen clashes were underway along several front lines, claiming at least 42 lives and undermining a day-old cease-fire and peace talks between the internationally recognized government and Shiite rebels taking place in Switzerland. Saudi-led air strikes hit positions of the Iran-allied Houthi group in two conflict zones. Warring parties agreed to exchange hundreds of prisoners in a move aimed at supporting UN-sponsored peace talks.
    (AP, 12/16/15)(Reuters, 12/16/15)

2016        Dec 16, President-elect Donald Trump announced that he will nominate attorney David Friedman as US ambassador to Israel, selecting an envoy who supports Israeli settlements and other changes to US policies in the region. Friedman already headed a settlement fundraising organization.
    (AP, 12/16/16)(Econ, 1/28/17, p.41)
2016        Dec 16, North Carolina Republican stripped incoming Democratic Gov. Roy Cooper of some of his authority and were on the cusp of an even greater power grab.
    (SFC, 12/17/16, p.A8)
2016        Dec 16, A blast of Arctic air hammered the northeastern United States, bringing Boston the coldest temperatures for this day in more than a century, prompting schools closings and officials to warn residents to cover up or stay indoors.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, The British Home Office said that National Action, an organization that praised the murderer of lawmaker Jo Cox, has become the first far-right group in Britain to be banned as a terrorist organization. The government described he group as a "virulently racist, anti-Semitic and homophobic" neo-Nazi organization.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)(AP, 6/12/18)
2016        Dec 16, A London jury found Ralph Clarke (101) guilty of 21 counts of indecency and indecent assault on two girls in the 1970s and '80s. The former truck driver had admitted nine other charges against a boy. On Dec 19 Clarke was sentenced to thirteen years in jail.
    (AP, 12/16/16)(AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 16, In England an estimated 600 inmates seized control and launched a destructive rampage at HMP Birmingham. Ordered was restored the next day.
    (AP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 16, In northern Burkina Faso at least 12 soldiers were killed after dozens of Islamic extremists attacked an army barracks in Nassoumbou.
    (AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, Cambodian authorities found 1.3 metric tons of ivory, 10 cheetah skulls and 82 kg (180 pounds) of cheetah bones, and 137 kg (301 pounds) of pangolin scales concealed in three containers shipped from Mozambique.
    (AP, 12/22/16)
2016        Dec 16, In Canada police in Montreal raided six cannabis shops one day after they opened, following a warning by PM Justin Trudeau that the government is still at least one year away from legalizing pot use.
    (AFP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 16, China enacted a five-day smog red alert for Beijing and other northern cities banning half of all vehicles from city streets and ordering factories, schools and construction sites closed.
    (SSFC, 12/18/16, p.A4)
2016        Dec 16, Chinese officials said US assertions that China is the top source of the synthetic opioids that have killed thousands of drug users in the US and Canada are unsubstantiated.
    (AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 16, The Dubai Parks & Resorts project after it formally opened. The park includes a Legoland, a Bollywood-themed park, a movie-themed Motiongate park, a hotel and a shopping district, a project estimated to be worth over $3 billion.
    (AP, 12/18/16)
2016        Dec 16, In France an elderly electrician and his wife were convicted of illicitly procuring hundreds of Picasso artworks that they kept for almost 40 years in the garage of their home. An appeals court in the southern city of Aix-en-Provence gave a two-year suspended sentence to Pierre Le Guennec (77), who carried out electrical work at the home of Pablo Picasso's last wife in the early 1970s, along with his wife, Danielle. The 180 paintings, other artworks as well as a book of 91 drawings were estimated at a combined worth of $63-$105 million.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, French and Spanish police made five arrests after discovering a suspected weapons trove for the Basque militant group ETA in southern France.
    (AP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 16, German discount supermarket group Lidl announced plans to create 5,000 new jobs in London as part of a major investment program in Britain, where it is enjoying rapid growth.
    (AFP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, German airline Lufthansa said it is launching a code-sharing agreement with Abu Dhabi-based Etihad, a key financial backer of troubled rival Air Berlin, from which Lufthansa will lease 38 aircraft for two of its subsidiaries.
    (AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, It was reported that Greenpeace and WWF have suspended their relationship with Asia Pacific Resources International (April), one of Indonesia's leading pulp and paper companies, saying it didn't live up to promises to improve its environmental record.   
    (AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, A World Trade Organization dispute panel ruled that the EU had been largely within its rights to impose anti-dumping duties on Indonesian fatty alcohols, rejecting most of Indonesia's complaint at the Geneva-based trade body.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, The governments of Italy's two biggest cities came under judicial scrutiny, with Milan's mayor suspending himself from his duties and a top aide in Rome's administration put under arrest. Milan Mayor Giuseppe Sala was under investigation in a case involving tender bids at last year's Expo world fair. Raffaele Marra, an aide to Mayor Virginia Raggi of the 5-Star Movement, was arrested on suspicion of corruption linked to a 2013 real estate deal.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe and Russian President Vladimir Putin wrapped up two days of talks, with numerous economic deals but no big breakthrough on a territorial row that has overshadowed ties since World War Two.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, Mali's national assembly voted overwhelmingly to drop charges of high treason against former president Amadou Toumani Toure in a decision that should allow him to return from exile in Senegal.
    (Reuters, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 16, Myanmar government forces started launching attacks on the northeastern headquarters of the Kachin Independence Army, one of the country's ethnic rebel groups.
    (AP, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 16, In Poland opposition lawmakers, upset that the conservative ruling party plans to limit reporters' access to lawmakers, protested in the lower house of parliament, singing the national anthem and chanting "Free media!" and "Democracy!"
    (AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, In Syria a blast in the Midan district of Damascus left at least one person dead. State television said a young girl of about nine years of age blew herself. The evacuation of eastern Aleppo stalled after an eruption of gunfire, as the Syrian government and rebels threw accusations at each other.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)(AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, Thailand prosecutors indicted 19 senior members of the anti-coup Red Shirt movement for violating a ban on political activities when they sought to open an office to monitor last August's referendum on a new constitution.
    (AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, Thailand's military-appointed legislature approved a bill tightening the country's already harsh Computer Crime Act, defying critics who said it infringes on the right to free expression.
    (AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, The UN said it is getting daily reports of rapes and killings of the Rohingya minority in Myanmar and independent monitors are being barred from investigating.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, At the Vatican Pope Francis brought Colombia's President Juan Manuel Santos and his main political opponent right-wing predecessor, Alvaro Uribe, together to discuss the country's rebel peace deal.
    (AP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, In Venezuela protests and looting broke out in parts of the country due to a lack of cash after the socialist government suddenly pulled the nation's largest banknote from circulation in the midst of a brutal economic crisis. Three deaths were reported amid violent scenes in the southern mining town of Callao.
    (Reuters, 12/17/16)
2016        Dec 16, A court in northern Vietnam sentenced a former army officer and another activist to more than 10 years in prison each for attempting to overthrow the communist government. Tran Anh Kim (67) and Le Thanh Tung were convicted of attempted subversion at a one-day trial
    (AP, 12/19/16)

2017        Dec 16, California’s Thomas Fire became the state's third largest blaze on record, with more devastation possible from a resurgence of the harsh winds. It has destroyed more than 1,000 structures, including about 750 homes, in coastal communities in Southern California since erupting on Dec. 4.
    (Reuters, 12/16/17)
2017        Dec 16, In San Francisco United Playaz organized a gun buyback in conjunction with police. 280 firearms were turned in for $100-$200 per gun.
    (SSFC, 12/17/17, p.C1)
2017        Dec 16, Keely Smith (b.1928), torch singer and former wife of bandleader Louis Prima, died in Palm Springs. Her marriage to Prima in 1953 lasted to 1961.
    (SFC, 12/20/17, p.D5)
2017        Dec 16, In southeastern Indiana a single-engine Cessna crashed near Oldenberg killing three people.
    (SFC, 12/18/17, p.A5)
2017        Dec 16, It was reported that Argentina has fired the head of its navy a month after a submarine disappeared in the South Atlantic with 44 crew members onboard. The ARA San Juan submarine has not been located and is thought to have exploded.
    (Reuters, 12/16/17)
2017        Dec 16, Australian police arrested Chan Han Choi (59), accused of working on the black market to sell missile components and coal on behalf of North Korea. Choi had been living in Australia for more than 30 years and was of Korean descent.
    (Reuters, 12/17/17)
2017        Dec 16, In Australia two female couples were married in Sydney and Melbourne after being granted permission to waive a 4-week period in the first same-sex weddings under new legislation allowing gay marriages.
    (AP, 12/17/17)
2017        Dec 16, Austria's newly formed conservative far-right coalition government said it would be a reliable partner in a European Union it seeks to reform to return more power to national governments.
    (Reuters, 12/16/17)
2017        Dec 16, At a meeting in Beijing Britain and China pledged to promote London as a center for offshore use of Beijing's currency and cooperate in clean energy research and promoting trade as the United Kingdom prepares to leave the European Union.
    (AP, 12/17/17)
2017        Dec 16, In southern Chile a mudslide fueled by heavy rains swept over a village, leaving at least five people dead and 15 missing. Rain caused a river to overflow and the side of a hill to collapse, burying 20 of the 200 houses in Villa Santa Lucia in the Los Lagos region.
    (AP, 12/17/17)
2017        Dec 16, Egypt reopened an ancient library which holds thousands of centuries-old religious and historical manuscripts at the famed St. Catherine Monastery, a UNESCO World Heritage site, in South Sinai.
    (AP, 12/16/17)
2017        Dec 16, Egypt opened its largely sealed border with Gaza for only the second time since the Palestinian Authority took control of the crossing from the territory's Islamist rulers Hamas. The crossing was expected to stay open for four days but, in the Egypt direction, for humanitarian cases only.
    (AFP, 12/16/17)
2017        Dec 16, In Gabon a Niger national (53) stabbed two Danish journalists in Libreville, declaring it was in retaliation for US attacks against Muslims. One reporter was left in serious condition. The attacker was immediately arrested.
    (AP, 12/17/17)
2017        Dec 16, In Honduras Hilda Hernandez (51), sister of Pres. Juan Orlando Hernandez, and five other people were killed in a military helicopter crash on a mountain near Tegucigalpa. Hernandez was an agronomy engineer who served as communications minister under her brother.
    (AP, 12/16/17)
2017        Dec 16, In India Rahul Gandhi, the scion of India's most famous political dynasty, took over as president of the main opposition Congress party while facing a stiff challenge from PM Narendra Modi's ruling Hindu nationalists.
    (AP, 12/16/17)
2017        Dec 16, Indonesian authorities recaptured American escapee Christian Beasley (32) in an alley near a beach on Lombok after a five-day manhunt.
    (AP, 12/17/17)
2017        Dec 16, A Lebanese Uber driver with a criminal record killed Rebecca Dykes, a British woman, who worked at the British Embassy in Beirut. Dykes' body was found strangled by a main road outside Beirut. The driver was later arrested and confessed.
    (Reuters, 12/17/17)
2017        Dec 16, A group of Myanmar journalists said they would begin wearing black T-shirts in protest at the detention of two Reuters reporters accused of violating the country's Official Secrets Act, as pressure builds on Myanmar to release the pair.
    (Reuters, 12/16/17)
2017        Dec 16, Nigerian authorities said soldiers in a two week operation have arrested 167 Boko Haram fighters as well as 67 women and 173 children associated with the extremist group hiding on the islands of Lake Chad.
    (AP, 12/16/17)
2017        Dec 16, In the eastern Philippines at least three people were killed and tens of thousands were driven from their homes by floods as Tropical Storm Kai-Tak pounded the area.
    (AFP, 12/16/17)
2017        Dec 16, South African President Jacob Zuma said allegations of private businesses wielding undue influence in his government will be investigated by a judicial commission of inquiry. Zuma also said South Africa will raise subsidies to universities to 1 percent of gross domestic product over the next five years from nearly 0.7 percent at present as recommended by a commission on higher education funding.
    (Reuters, 12/16/17)   
2017        Dec 16, The government-controlled Syrian Central Military Media said Syrian troops have captured the village of Tal al-Khanazeer on the southeastern edge of Idlib.
    (AP, 12/16/17)

2018        Dec 16, US Badger CEO John Anton said that his company would halt shipment from Hetian Taida Apparel while it investigates reports of sportswear being manufactured at an internment camp in China's Xingiang region.
    (SFC, 12/19/18, p.A4)
2018        Dec 16, In Florida Coast Guard Petty Officer First Class John Presnar (44) shot and killed his wife and their 7-year-old son and critically wounded their daughter (8) before killing himself following an argument at their home south of Miami.
    (SFC, 12/17/18, p.A6)
2018        Dec 16, It was reported that Boston's Museum of Fine Arts has received what museum officials are calling a transformative gift of nearly 200 pieces of Chinese art that have been in the same family for six generations. The gift from Wan-go H. C. Weng is the largest and most significant gift of Chinese art in museum history.
    (AP, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, Belgium police deployed teargas and water cannon after scuffles broke out in Brussels as thousands of people answered a call by far-right groups to reject a UN migration pact.
    (AFP, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, In Brazil Joao Teixeira de Faria (76), better known as "Joao de Deus" or "John of God," was arrested after women came forward in Brazilian media and to police to allege he sexually forced himself on them on pretext of "curing" them of ailments. Police conducted raids on properties linked to Faria and found handguns, gemstones and -- hidden behind a false panel in a wardrobe -- a suitcase containing the equivalent of $300,000 in cash.
    (AFP, 12/23/18)
2018        Dec 16, In CongoDRC at least one person was killed and over 80 injured in clashes between supporters of rival candidates in Tshikapa, a city in the central Kasai region, just days ahead of a crucial presidential election.
    (AFP, 12/17/18)
2018        Dec 16, In France yellow vest protesters occupied dozens of traffic roundabouts across the country even as their movement for economic justice appeared to be losing momentum on the fifth straight weekend of protests.
    (AP, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, Georgia's incoming President Salome Zurabishvili vowed to reconcile political divisions and deepen ties with NATO and Europe at Sunday's inauguration that opposition protesters were blocked from reaching.
    (Reuters, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, Thousands of Hungarians protested in Budapest against a new labor law and what they see as the increasingly authoritarian rule of right-wing nationalist PM Viktor Orban.
    (Reuters, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, In India a New Delhi security guard allegedly raped a three-year-old girl after luring her with sweets. The girl was hospitalized and her suspected attacker was soon arrested.
    (Reuters, 12/17/18)
2018        Dec 16, In Indonesia Mount Soputan, located on the northern part of Sulawesi island, erupted twice. Local residents were urged to avoid activities near the mountain.
    (AP, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, In Iran the appointment of Kambiz Mehdizadeh, President Hassan Rouhani's son-in-law, as head of Iran's geological survey led to the resignation of Jafar Sargheyni, head of the mining section in the industries ministry. It was reported that the appointment has renewed accusations of nepotism.
    (AFP, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, Iranian authorities detained an unspecified number of steel mill workers after five weeks of protests over delays in salaries in Khuzestan province.
    (AP, 12/17/18)
2018        Dec 16, In Iran a website of the Revolutionary Guard reported that Gen. Ghodratollah Mansouri, a vetran  of the 1980s Iran-Iraq war, accidentally shot himself in the head while cleaning a his pistol.
    (SFC, 12/17/18, p.A2)
2018        Dec 16, Iraqis laid the cornerstone in rebuilding Mosul's Al-Nuri mosque and leaning minaret, national emblems destroyed last year in the ferocious battle against the Islamic State group.
    (AFP, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, The Israeli military said it has exposed a fourth Hezbollah attack tunnel dug from Lebanon.
    (AP, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, In northern Japan 42 people were injured in an explosion at a bar in Sapporo.
    (Reuters, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, In Kashmir a security clampdown and a strike sponsored by separatists fighting against Indian rule shut most of the Indian-administered state.
    (AP, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, In western Kenya five people were killed in a village after residents resisted the arrest of a suspect in a domestic abuse case. A policeman was soon arrested in connection with the deaths.
    (AP, 12/17/18)
2018        Dec 16, Hundreds of Lebanese took to the streets to protest against a political stalemate that has prevented the formation of a new government seven months after elections.
    (AP, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, North Korea condemned the US administration for stepping up sanctions and pressure on the nuclear-armed country, warning of a return to "exchanges of fire" and that disarming Pyongyang could be blocked forever.
    (Reuters, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, It was reported that Pakistan's army chief has approved death sentences for 15 people convicted by military courts of involvement in attacks that killed 32 security forces and two civilians.
    (AP, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, In southern Romania Anca Pop (34), a Romanian-Canadian singer-songwriter, died after her car plunged into the Danube River.
    (AP, 12/18/18)
2018        Dec 16, Russians living in the far eastern region of Primorsky Krai elected a Kremlin-backed candidate for governor on Sunday after a previous election was thrown out due to voting fraud. Oleg Kozhemyako won 61.4 percent of the votes after 95 percent of the ballots had been counted.
    (AP, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, At least two Rwandan civilians were reported killed and eight injured when attackers set fire to three passenger vehicles in the southern Nyamagabe district, which borders Burundi.
    (AP, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, In southern Serbia a bus skidded off the road and overturned amid wintry weather, killing three people and injuring 32 others.
    (AP, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, In Somalia the US military's Africa Command (Africom) carried out two air strikes with Somali partners, killing 28 militants.
    (Reuters, 12/17/18)
2018        Dec 16, In Spain dozens of animal rights activists stripped naked and covered themselves in fake blood in Barcelona in a protest against the use of fur and leather.
    (Reuters, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, Sri Lanka's president reappointed Ranil Wickremesinghe as prime minister, nearly two months after firing him and setting off a long political stalemate in the South Asian island nation.
    (AP, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, In Switzerland a tour bus on its way to Germany crashed, killing one person and injuring 44 others.
    (AP, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, In Syria a car bomb killed at least eight people including four civilians near a pro-Turkey rebel post in the northern city of Afrin.
    (AFP, 12/16/18)
2018        Dec 16, In Yemen clashes shook Hodeida after air strikes and deadly fighting on the outskirts overnight. At least 12 were killed and 25 others wounded from both sides.
    (AFP, 12/16/18)(SFC, 12/17/18, p.A2)

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