Return to home1118 Dec 18,
Afonso the Battler, the Christian King of Aragon captured Saragossa,
Spain, a major blow to Muslim Spain.
1352 Dec 18, Etienne Aubert was
elected as Pope Innocentius VI.
1378 Dec 18, Charles V
denounced the treachery of John IV of Brittany and confiscated his
1505 Dec 18, John IX van Horne,
prince-bishop of Lieges, Belgium, was executed.
1565 Dec 18, Benedetto Varchi
(62), Italian humanist and historian (L'Ercolano), died.
1569 Dec 18, Jakob Hassler,
composer, was born.
1621 Dec 18, English parliament
unanimously accepted Protestation.
1633 Dec 18, Willem van de
Velde the Younger, Dutch marine painter, was baptized.
1638 Dec 18, Pere Joseph
(Francois du Tremblay, b.1577), French Capuchin friar, confidant and
agent of Cardinal Richelieu, died. He was the original éminence
grise -- the French term ("grey eminence") for a powerful advisor or
decision-maker who operates secretly or unofficially. Richelieu was
known as Éminence Rouge (red eminence); from the colors of their
1688 Dec 18, William of Orange
made a triumphant march into London as James II fled in the
"Glorious Revolution." William of Orange, son of William II (Prince
of Orange) and Mary (daughter of Charles I of England), was fourth
in line to the English throne. In 2006 Edward Valance authored “The
Glorious Revolution: 1688 – Britain’s Fight for Liberty."
(WSJ, 2/6/02, p.A16)(Econ, 2/4/06, p.77)(ON,
1707 Dec 18, Charles Wesley,
co-founder of the Methodist movement, was born.
1719 Dec 18, Thomas Fleet
published "Mother Goose's Melodies For Children."
1734 Dec 18, Jean-Baptiste Rey,
composer, was born.
1737 Dec 18, Antonio
Stradivari, the most renowned violin maker in history, died in
Cremona, Italy. He made about 1200 violins of great quality of which
half still survive. In 2006 Joseph Nagyvary, a Texas biochemist and
violin maker, put forward evidence that the quality of sound in a
Stradivari violin was due to chemicals used to protect the wood from
(WSJ, 10/17/94, p.1)(AP, 12/18/98)(SFC, 12/28/06,
1774 Dec 18, Empress Maria
Theresa expelled Jews from Prague, Bohemia and Moravia.
1775 Dec 18-1775 Dec 27, In
Philadelphia Benjamin Franklin, John Jay and Francis Daymon, members
of the Committee of Secret Correspondence, met 3 times at
Carpenter’s Hall with French agent Chevalier Julien-Alexandre Achard
de Bonvouloir regarding French support for American Independence.
1777 Dec 18, The 1st America
Thanksgiving Day commemorated Burgoyne's surrender at Saratoga. A
national Thanksgiving was declared by Congress after the American
victory over the British at the Battle of Saratoga in December 1777.
For many years Thanksgiving celebrations were haphazard with
Presidents Washington, Adams and Madison declaring occasional
(HNPD, 11/26/98)(MC, 12/18/01)
1786 Dec 18, Carl Maria von
Weber, German romantic composer (Der Freischutz), was born.
1787 Dec 18, New Jersey became
the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
1788 Dec 18, Camille Pleyel,
Austrian piano builder and composer, was born.
1796 Dec 18, The Baltimore
Monitor appeared as the 1st US Sunday newspaper.
1797 Dec 18, Joseph Henry,
inventor, scientist and the first director of the Smithsonian Inst.,
was born. [see Dec 17]
(WSJ, 12/17/97, p.A20)
1799 Dec 18, George
Washington's body was interred at Mount Vernon.
1812 Dec 18, Napoleon Bonaparte
arrived in Paris after his disastrous campaign in Russia.
1829 Dec 18, Jean-Baptiste de
Lamarck (~85), French nature investigator, died.
1844 Dec 18, Ludwig J. von
Brentano, German economist, was born.
1856 Dec 18, Joseph John
Thomson, English physicist, was born. He discovered the electron and
won a Nobel Prize in 1906.
1859 Dec 18, South Carolina
declared itself an "independent commonwealth."
1860 Dec 18, Edward Alexander
MacDowell, American composer (Indian Suite), was born.
1862 Dec 18, Nathan B. Forrest
engaged and defeated a Federal cavalry force near Lexington in his
continued effort to disrupt supply lines.
1862 Dec 18, Grant announced
the organization of his army in the West. Sherman, Hurlbut,
McPherson, and McClernand would be Corps Commanders.
1865 Dec 18 The Thirteenth
Amendment to the US Constitution, abolishing slavery, was declared
1869 Dec 18, Louis Moreau
Gottschalk (40), composer, died.
1870 Dec 18, Saki, [Hector Hugo
Munro], author (Reginald, When William Came), was born in Burma.
1879 Dec 18, Paul Klee
(d.1940), Swiss abstract painter best known for The Mocker Mocked,
1886 Dec 18, Ty [Tyrus Raymond]
Cobb, American baseball player, first man to be elected to the
Baseball Hall of Fame, was born.
1888 Dec 18, Robert Moses,
power broker, was born. He built Long Island and NYC parks &
1890 Dec 18, Edwin Howard
Armstrong, radio pioneer and inventor of FM, was born in NYC.
1892 Dec 18, Anton Bruckner's
8th Symphony, premiered.
1892 Dec 18, Tchaikovsky's "The
Nutcracker Suite" [“Nutcracker Ballet"] publicly premiered in St.
Petersburg, Russia, at the Maryinsky Theater.
(SFEC, 11/24/96, DB p.44)(AP, 12/18/97)
1904 Dec 18, George Stevens,
American director (Alice Adams, Penny Serenade), was born.
1907 Dec 18, Christopher Fry,
playwright (Ring Around the Moon), was born in Bristol, England.
1910 Dec 18, Abe Burrows,
Broadway composer (Guys & Dolls 1951 TONY), was born in
1911 Dec 18, Jules Dassin,
director (Circle of Two, Never on Sunday), was born in Middletown,
1912 Dec 18, In the famous
Piltdown Man Forgery amateur archaeologist Charles Dawson announced
the discovery of two skulls from the Piltdown Quarry in Sussex,
England. They appeared to belong to a primitive hominid and ancestor
of man. Also found was a canine tooth, a tool carved from an
elephant's tusk, and fossil teeth from a number of prehistoric
animals. Dawson enlisted the help of vertebrate paleontologist
Arthur Smith Woodward. They christened it Eoanthropus dawsoni and on
this day they announced their find to the Geological Society of
London. A 1996 book "Unraveling Piltdown" by John Evangelist Walsh
labeled Dawson as the perpetrator of the hoax. The missing link was
later determined to be only 600 years old. The fossils had been
doctored to look and test to be older. In 2012 Miles Russell
authored “The Piltdown Man Hoax: Case Closed." [see 1908, 1913,
1953, 1955 & 1983]
(PacDisc, Spring ‘96, p.15)(SFEC, 9/22/96, BR
p.9)(SSFC, 12/16/12, p.A23)
1913 Dec 18, Willy Brandt,
Mayor of Berlin and Chancellor of West Germany, was born as Herbert
Frahm. He was chancellor from 1969-74 and won a Nobel Prize in
(HN, 12/18/98)(MC, 12/18/01)
1915 Dec 18, President Wilson,
widowed the year before, married Edith Bolling Galt at her
1915 Dec 18, In a single night,
about 20,000 Australian and New Zealand troops slipped away from
Gallipoli, undetected by the Turks defending the peninsula.
1916 Dec 18, The Battle of
Verdun ended with the French and Germans each having suffered more
than 330,000 killed and wounded in 10 months.
1917 Dec 18, Ossie Davis,
actor, playwright (Hot Stuff, Man Called Adam), was born in Cogdell,
1917 Dec 18, The Soviet
regiment under Stalin and Lenin declared Finland Independent.
1919 Dec 18, Horatio William
Parker (56), composer, died.
1919 Dec 18, British pilot John
William Alcock (b.1892), enroute to a Paris air show, was killed
while making a forced landing in fog near Rouen. He and navigator
Arthur Witten Brown (1886-1948) had recently completed the world’s
first nonstop transatlantic flight [see June 14].
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Whitten_Brown)(ON, 4/09, p.1)
1920 Dec 18, Rita Streich,
German singer, was born.
1925 Dec 18, Soviet leaders Lev
Kamenev and Grigori Zinoviev broke with Stalin.
1927 Dec 18, Ramsey Clark,
American attorney General (1967-69), was born.
1928 Dec 18, Lucien Capet (55),
1929 Dec 18, Helene Delangle
(1900-1984), French racing pioneer, became the fastest woman driver
in the world, averaging 120.5 mph at Montlhery, France. In 2004
Miranda Seymour authored “The Bugatti Queen: In search of a
(Econ, 2/28/04, p.81)
1936 Dec 18, Su-Lin, the 1st
giant panda to come to US from China, arrived in SF. The giant
panda, captured by Ruth Harkness, was the 1st ever seen in the US.
In 2005 Vicki Constantine Croke authored “The Lady and the Panda."
1939 Dec 18, The Graf Spee was
scuttled. A ferocious sea battle off the coast of South America
between the German battleship Admiral Graf Spee and the British
ships Exeter, Ajax, and Achilles, preceded the scuttling. The German
captain Hans Langsdorf, later killed himself. On the 13th, heavily
the armed German ship held off the three vessels for three hours,
sustaining some damage, and then fled into the harbor of Montevideo,
Uruguay. Over the next few days the British tricked the Germans into
believing that a large British fleet had them trapped.
1940 Dec 18, Hitler dictated
Directive No. 21 to crush Russia in a quick campaign. Adolf Hitler
signed a secret directive ordering preparations for a Nazi invasion
of the Soviet Union. Operation “Barbarossa" was launched in June
(SFC,10/29/97, p.A23)(AP, 12/18/97)
1941 Dec 18, The US Navy
purchased the dry dock and shipyard at Hunters Point, SF, from
Bethlehem Steel Co., eleven days after Japan’s attack on Pearl
(SFC, 6/9/15, p.A8)
1941 Dec 18, Defended by 610
fighting men, the American-held island of Guam fell to more than
5,000 Japanese invaders in a three-hour battle.
1941 Dec 18, German submarine
1941 Dec 18, Japanese troops
landed on Hong Kong. [see Dec 8,19]
1942 Dec 18, Hitler met with
Mussolini and Pierre Laval.
1944 Dec 18, In a pair of
rulings, the US Supreme Court upheld the wartime relocation of
Japanese-Americans (Korematsu v. United States), but also said
undeniably loyal Americans of Japanese ancestry could not continue
to be detained (Ex parte Endo).
1944 Dec 18, The US Third Fleet
encountered a typhoon near the Philippines. The naval destroyers
"Hull," "Spence" & "Monaghan" sank in the typhoon. The storm
killed 778 American sailors. 62 of 264 men on the Hull were rescued.
24 of 340 men on the Spence were rescued. 6 of 251 men on the
Monaghan survived. In 1981 C. Raymond Calhoun, the captain of the
destroyer Dewey, authored “Typhoon: The Other Enemy."
(AH, 10/02, p.56, 60)
1944 Dec 18, The Japanese were
repelled from northern Burma by British troops.
1946 Dec 18, Stephen Biko,
South African anti-apartheid activist, was born.
1947 Dec 18, Steven Spielberg,
director (ET, Close Encounters, Jaws), was born in Cincinnati.
1948 Dec 18, Janet Fay was
hammered to death by Honeymoon Killers.
1951 Dec 18, North Koreans gave
the Allies a list of 3,100 POWs.
1956 Dec 18, "To Tell the
Truth" debuted on CBS-TV.
1956 Dec 18, The Israeli flag
was hoisted on Mount Sinai.
1956 Dec 18, Japan was admitted
to the United Nations.
(TOH, 1982, p.1956)(EWH, 1968, p.1292)(AP,
1957 Dec 18, The motion picture
"The Bridge on the River Kwai" premiered at the RKO Palace Theater
in New York City.
1957 Dec 18, The Shippingport
Atomic Power Station in Pennsylvania, the first nuclear facility to
generate electricity in the United States, went on line. It was
taken out of service in 1982.
1959 Dec 18, In Florida Cliff
Walker, his wife and two children were murdered on a ranch in
Osprey. Richard Hickock and Perry Smith, the killers of a family in
Kansas on Nov 15, were later linked to the murder of the Walker
family. Sheriff’s deputies failed to make a DNA link between the
family, Hickock and Smith.
(SFC, 12/5/12, p.A8)(SFC, 8/14/13, p.A6)
1959 Dec 18, Dorothy L. Sayers
(66), writer, died.
1960 Dec 18, A rightist
government was installed under Prince Boun Oum in Laos as U.S.
resumed arms shipments.
1961 Dec 18, Britain's EMI
Records originally rejected the Beatles.
1964 Dec 18, The UC Regents
affirmed that university rules should follow the US Supreme Court
decisions on free speech.
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F4)
1965 Dec 18, Kenneth LeBel
jumped 17 barrels on ice skates.
1965 Dec 18, U.S. Marines
attacked VC units in the Que Son Valley, South Vietnam, during
Operation Harvest Moon.
1965 Dec 18, The Borman and
Lovell splash down in the Atlantic ended a 2 week Gemini VII
1966 Dec 18, Dr. Seuss' "How
the Grinch Stole Christmas" aired for 1st time on CBS.
1969 Dec 18, Britain's
Parliament abolished the death penalty for murder.
1970 Dec 18, "Me Nobody Knows"
opened at Helen Hayes Theater in NYC for 587 performances.
1970 Dec 18, An atomic leak in
Nevada forced hundreds to flee the test site.
1970 Dec 18, In Poland rioting
continued. Troops and tanks patrolled Polish streets. 20 people were
killed in the riots as they protested increased food prices.
1971 Dec 18, Pres. Nixon
devalued the dollar, and even though the devaluation was effective
immediately, only Congress could officially change the gold value of
the dollar. The US dollar went off the gold standard and was
devalued by 7.9%. The 10% import surcharge was lifted.
(WUD, 1994, p.
1971 Dec 18, Pres. Nixon signed
into law the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA). It gave
large portions of prime bear habitat to the Alutiiq people, who had
hunted and fished on the island for 7,000 years. 10% of the state,
44 million acres of land, was ceded to native tribes.
p.A7)(AH, 10/04, p.42)
1971 Dec 18, Reverend Jesse
Jackson announced in Chicago the founding of Operation PUSH (People
United to Save Humanity).
1971 Dec 18, North Vietnamese
troops captured the Plain of Jars in Laos. Throughout the Vietnam
War, the Plain of Jars was a contested area between Lao tribesmen
and Vietnam's communist allies, the Pathet Lao. The area was long
controlled by the Pathet Lao and a continual effort had been made by
the secret CIA-directed force of some 30,000 indigenous tribesmen to
strengthen anti-communist strongholds there. The US committed
hundreds of millions of dollars to the war effort in Laos. Details
of this secret operation were not released until August 1971.
(WUD, 1994, p.
1972 Dec 18, The heaviest
bombing of North Vietnam, under orders from US Pres. Nixon, began
over Hanoi. “Operation Linebacker II" lasted 11 days and killed over
1600 civilians with 70 US airmen killed or captured. The bombardment
ended 12 days later. President Nixon declared that the bombing of
North Vietnam would continue until an accord was reached. In 2002
Marshall L. Michel III authored “The 11 Days of Christmas," an
account of the B-52 bombings.
(SFC,12/16/97, p.B1)(AP, 12/18/97)(HN,
12/18/98)(WSJ, 1/22/02, p.A18)
1974 Dec 18, The Broadway
production "Of Mice and Men" opened. It starred James Earl Jones and
featured Joe Seneca (d.1996). The first stage production was in
1974 Dec 18, In Greece Michalis
Stasinopoulos (d.2002), legal scholar, was elected president 10 days
following the referendum that abolished the monarchy.
(AP, 11/1/02)(SFC, 11/2/02, p.A22)
1976 Dec 18, "A Star is Born,"
with Barbra Streisand, premiered.
1977 Dec 18, Cyril Ritchard
(b.1897), Australia-born actor, died. He was awarded a Tony in 1955
for Supporting Actor in the musical “Peter Pan."
1978 Dec 18, The US Supreme
Court ruled in Marquette vs. First Omaha Service Corp. that
national banks can charge customers throughout the country any
interest rate allowed by the institution’s home state. This led
financial institutions to move credit offices to states with no or
very high interest caps.
1979 Dec 18, In Spain the
Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia was sanctioned by King Juan Carlos
I. The first autonomous elections were held on 20 March 1980.
1979 Dec 18, The UN Convention
on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)
was adopted with 10 abstentions. It entered into force on Sep 3,
1981. By 2005 the treaty was endorsed by more than 170 nations, but
still opposed by the US.
10/8/00, Z1 p.4)
1979 Dec 18, The UN "Agreement
Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and other Celestial
Bodies" opened for signature. It extended a 1967 Space Treaty and
established that the Moon and the other bodies within our solar
system to be the common heritage of mankind. It entered into force
on July 11, 1984.
(SFEC, 7/13/97, Par
1980 Dec 18, IRA's Sean McKenna
became critically ill and ended his hunger strike.
1980 Dec 18, Former Soviet
Premier Alexei N. Kosygin (1964-80) died at age 76 of a heart
(AP, 12/18/97)(MC, 12/18/01)
1985 Dec 18, The UN Security
Council unanimously condemned "acts of hostage-taking."
1987 Dec 18, Ivan F. Boesky was
sentenced to three years in prison for plotting Wall Street's
biggest insider-trading scandal. Boesky served about two years of
1987 Dec 18, Pakistani
opposition leader Benazir Bhutto was married in a traditional
Islamic ceremony to businessman Asif Ali Zardari.
1988 Dec 18, PLO chairman
Yasser Arafat met in Cairo with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to
discuss how to continue the momentum gained by the first U.S.- PLO
1989 Dec 18, Robert E.
Robinson, an attorney and alderman in Savannah, Ga., was killed by a
mail bomb similar to a device that had claimed the life of a federal
judge in Alabama two days earlier. Walter Leroy Moody Junior was
later convicted of both bombings, and is on Alabama's death row.
1990 Dec 18, Less than a month
before a UN deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, President
Bush told reporters he believed Americans would support a military
strike, if one proved necessary. In Baghdad, the ruling
Revolutionary Command Council said Iraq was “ready for the decisive
1991 Dec 18, General Motors
announced it would close 21 North American plants over the next four
years and slash tens of thousands of jobs in a sweeping
restructuring of the world's largest company.
1992 Dec 18, The U.N. Security
Council unanimously denounced Israel's deportation of more than 400
Palestinians and demanded their immediate return.
1992 Dec 18, Kim Young-sam was
elected South Korea's first civilian president in three decades.
1993 Dec 18, The United States
and Germany pledged close cooperation to help Boris Yeltsin through
Russia's political and economic crises in a meeting in Oggersheim
between Vice President Al Gore and Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
1994 Dec 18, Former U.S.
president Jimmy Carter arrived in Bosnia-Herzegovina on a private
mission to seek an end to 32 months of war.
1994 Dec 18, Bulgaria’s
Socialist Party (ex-communist) won a parliamentary election. Premier
Zhan Videnov’s Socialist government won a parliamentary majority.
(www.projects.v2.nl/~arns/Texts/Chrono/BG.html)(SFC, 6/6/96, p.C5)
1995 Dec 18, The Dow
industrials dropped 101.52 points, its biggest one-day loss in four
years amid investor worries over the budget stalemate between
Congress and President Clinton.
1995 Dec 18, A powerful
fertilizer bomb was found outside an Internal Revenue Service office
in Reno, Nevada, but fizzled before its lit fuse could do much
1995 Dec 18, Queen Elizabeth
asked Prince Charles and Diana to divorce.
1995 Dec 18, A chartered
Zairian plane crashed in northern Angola killing 139  people.
Five people survived. The plane was a Lockheed Electra, an old plane
with a capacity of 99. It was owned by Trans Service Airlift, a
(WSJ, 12/20/95, p.A-1)
1996 Dec 18, Earl Edwin Pitts,
a senior US FBI agent, was arrested on espionage charges. He was
most active as a Russian spy from 1987-1992. Pitts was sentenced in
June 1997 to 27 years in prison after admitting that he'd conspired
and attempted to commit espionage.
(SFC, 12/19/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/18/97)
1996 Dec 18, Aides to President
Clinton disclosed that Asian-American businessman Charles Yah Lin
Trie, who delivered $460,000 in questionable donations to the
Clintons' legal defense fund, had been to the White House at least
23 times since 1993.
1996 Dec 18, TV industry execs
agreed to adopt a ratings system.
1996 Dec 18, Irving Caesar
(b.1895), songwriter, died in NYC.
1996 Dec 18, Arthur Jacobs
(b.1922), English musicologist, died.
1996 Dec 18, In Kenya police
killed 2 students who were protesting the killing of another student
on the previous day.
(SFC, 12/19/96, p.C4)
1996 Dec 18, Palestinian police
arrested 3 members of a militant group that killed 2 Jewish settlers
on Dec 11.
(WSJ, 12/19/96, p.A1)
1997 Dec 18, President Clinton
extended indefinitely the deadline for withdrawal of U.S. troops
helping with the U.N. peacekeeping effort in Bosnia.
1997 Dec 18, Festivus, or the
“Festival for the Rest of Us" was made famous by an episode of
Seinfeld. It came to be celebrated on Dec 23.
1997 Dec 18, In California a
fired California highway employee, Arturo Reyes Torres, shot and
killed 4 people at the Caltrans maintenance yard in Orange and was
himself killed by police.
(SFC,12/19/97, p.A14)(AP, 12/18/98)
1997 Dec 18, Chris Farley (33),
comic actor of Saturday Night Live, was found dead in his Chicago
apartment. An overdose of morphine and cocaine was later reported.
(SFC,12/19/97, p.A3)(SFC, 1/3/98, p.A2)(AP,
1997 Dec 18, It was reported
that the death toll in Europe had climbed to 50 due to the vicious
cold as temperatures plunged as low as 19.8 degrees.
(USAT, 12/18/97, p.10A)
1997 Dec 18, In Bosnia NATO
forces seized 2 war crimes suspects. Vlatko Kupreskic was shot when
he fired on Dutch soldiers. Anto Furundzija was arrested without
1997 Dec 18, Richard Tomlinson
(b.1963), a former British MI6 officer, was jailed for a year for
unlawfully disclosing information about his work. He had joined MI6
in 1991 and was dismissed in 1995, after admitting to passing a
synopsis of a proposed book about his experiences in the Secret
Intelligence Service (SIS) to an Australian publisher. He kept
details of his book in secret files on several computers. He had
served for 4 years as an agent in Moscow and Bosnia. In 1999
Tomlinson posted the names of British intelligence officers on a Web
site. His book “The Big Breach" was published in 2001 in Russia.
p.C5)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.34)
1997 Dec 18 ,
In Jamaica In Parliamentary elections 2-term Prime Minister P.J.
Patterson took a big lead over Edward Seaga. The People’s National
Party won an absolute majority in the 60-seat parliament.
(WSJ, 12/19/97, p.A1)(SFC,12/19/97, p.B3)
1997 Dec 18, South Korea held
presidential elections. One time dissident Kim Dae Yung (Kim
Dae-jung) won the elections with 40.3% of the vote.
(SFC, 8/14/97, p.C2)(WSJ, 12/19/97, p.A1)(AP,
1997 Dec 18, In Lebanon a
foundation stone was laid for the new US consulate in Beirut.
1997 Dec 18, From Saudi Arabia
it was reported the Prince Alwaleed bin Talal bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud
was building a 984-foot structure called “The Kingdom Centre" in
central Riyadh at a cost of $427 million.
(WSJ, 12/18/97, p.A1)
1997 Dec 18, In Serbia a group
of 12 doctors and medical technicians marched for 3 days from Nis to
Belgrade to protest the lack of medical resources. In Belgrade
health minister Leposava Milicevic said she was too busy to see
1998 Dec 18, US House
Republicans rebuffed calls for a vote on censure and pushed forward
the vote on impeachment against Pres. Clinton.
(SFC, 12/19/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/18/99)
1998 Dec 18, US and British
struck Iraq for a 3rd day with little resistance. The US B-1 bomber
was used to drop bombs. Gen’l. Henry Shelton, chairman of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff, said more cruise missiles were launched in the
first 2 days than the 289 in the 1991 Gulf War.
(SFC, 12/19/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/18/99)
1998 Dec 18, The new electronic
Rocket Book by NuvoMedia weighed 22 ounces and stored 10 books.
(WSJ, 12/18/98, p.W15)
1998 Dec 18, The ICO Challenger
balloon with Richard Branson, Steve Fossett and Per Lindstrand left
Marrakesh, Morocco, in an attempt to circumnavigate the globe.
(SFC, 12/19/98, p.B3)
1998 Dec 18, In South Carolina
the 500th execution took place since capital punishment was resumed
in 1977. Andrew Lavern Smith died by lethal injection for his 1983
murder of an elderly couple.
(SFC, 12/19/98, p.A15)(AP, 12/18/99)
1998 Dec 18, South Korea sank a
half-submarine belonging to North Korea and recovered the body of a
crewman in a wet suit carrying a grenade.
(SFC, 12/18/98, p.D9)
1998 Dec 18, Fifty military
officers marched in Mexico City decrying corruption and injustice
and attempted to present Pres. Zedillo a letter calling for reform.
The officers called themselves the Patriotic Command to Raise the
Consciousness of the People.
(SFC, 1/18/99, p.A11)
1998 Dec 18, In Poland Pres.
Kwasniewski signed a bill that would allow victims of communist-era
repression to see their secret police files.
(SFC, 12/19/98, p.B3)
1998 Dec 18, In Kosovo, Serbia,
Zvonko Bojanic, district mayor of Kosovo Polje, was found severely
beaten and shot between the eyes.
(SFC, 12/19/98, p.A6)
1999 Dec 18, In St.
Martinville, Louisiana, Cuban inmates who’d held a jail warden and
six others hostage for almost a week surrendered.
1999 Dec 18, After living
atop an ancient redwood in Humboldt County, California, for two
years, environmental activist Julia “Butterfly" Hill came down to
Earth, ending her anti-logging protest.
1999 Dec 18, French film
director Robert Bresson died in Paris at age 98.
1999 Dec 18, Iraq rejected the
UN proposal for an inspection plan that would lead to suspension of
(SFEC, 12/19/99, p.A24)
1999 Dec 18, In Italy Prime
Minister Massimo D'Alema resigned and brought an end to the 56th
government since WW II.
(SFEC, 12/19/99, p.A26)
1999 Dec 18, In Serbia Zoran
Vukicevic (38) was killed and 9 others wounded when gunmen opened
fired on the only Serb café in Orahovac. Vukicevic was at least the
146th Serb killed since NATO peacekeepers entered Kosovo.
(SFEC, 12/19/99, p.A29)
1999 Dec 18, In Colombo, Sri
Lanka, a suicide bomb attack wounded Pres. Chandrika Kumaratunga and
killed 26 people. Another bomb at a rally of the United National
Party killed at least 11 people and injured 40 others. Tamil rebels
were blamed. In 2010 Sakthivel Ilankesvaran, an ethnic Tamil man
employed as a driver, was sentenced to 30 years of hard labor.
(SFEC, 12/19/99, p.A21)(WSJ, 12/20/99, p.A1)(AP,
1999 Dec 18, In Zimbabwe Pres.
Mugabe announced at a convention of the ruling party that land would
be seized from whites and that the constitutional clause
guaranteeing compensation would be scrapped.
(SFC, 12/20/99, p.A13)
2000 Dec 18, US electors voted
for their party’s candidates. In the 224 years of the Electoral
College only 9 electors had switched votes. The DC elector withheld
her vote to protest lack of representation. Bush won 271 votes, one
over the constitutional minimum, and became the official
(WSJ, 11/15/00, p.A18)(SFC, 12/22/00, p.D2)
2000 Dec 18, Antitrust
regulators approved the merger of British drug companies Glaxo
Wellcome PLC and SmithKline Beecham PLC.
2000 Dec 18, Randolph Apperson
Hearst, billionaire newspaper heir and the last surviving son of
William Randolph Hearst, died at age 85 in New York.
(SFC, 12/19/00, p.A1)(AP, 12/18/01)
2000 Dec 18, The Argentine
government announced a $39.7 billion financial rescue package led by
(SFC, 12/19/00, p.B4)(WSJ, 8/23/01, p.A9)
2000 Dec 18, In Canada Pres.
Putin of Russia met with Prime Minister Chretien and together
supported existing nuclear arms accords. Chretien did not join
Putin’s opposition to a US missile defense plan.
(SFC, 12/19/00, p.B4)
2000 Dec 18, In Mexico
Popocatepetl volcano began spraying hot rock and ashes in its
biggest eruption in 1200 years.
(SFC, 12/21/00, p.A22)
2001 Dec 18, A federal judge in
Philadelphia threw out Mumia Abu-Jamal's death sentence for the 1981
shooting of a Philadelphia police officer and ordered a new
sentencing hearing for the former Black Panther alternately
portrayed as a vicious cop-killer and a victim of a racist frame-up.
Both sides appealed the ruling.
(SFC, 12/19/01, p.A1)(AP, 12/17/02)
2001 Dec 18, It was reported
that malaria scientists have engineered mice that produce vaccine in
(WSJ, 12/18/01, p.A1)
2001 Dec 18, Hundreds of al
Qaeda and Taliban fighters were reported to have slipped into
Pakistan from Afghanistan.
(SFC, 12/19/01, p.A1)
2001 Dec 18, Canada passed the
Anti-Terrorism Act (ATA).
2001 Dec 18, Cuba reported that
attackers killed a visiting Florida couple, their 8-year-old
grandson and 2 others during a highway robbery in Matanzas province.
(SFC, 12/19/01, p.A4)(WSJ, 12/19/01, p.A1)
2001 Dec 18, Yasser Arafat
closed 6 Hamas offices in a crackdown on militant groups. Israeli
forces arrested 10 Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.
(SFC, 12/19/01, p.A4)
2001 Dec 18, Eduard Kokoity
(b.1964), former champion of the Soviet Union national wrestling
team, assumed office as president of South Ossetia. He had won 45%
of the votes in the first round of elections on November 18 and 53%
in the 2nd round on December 6.
2001 Dec 18, Yemeni troops
assaulted tribal forces in the Marib region after local leaders
refused to turn over suspected members of al Qaeda. At least 12
people were killed and 22 wounded.
(SFC, 12/19/01, p.A15)(WSJ, 12/19/01, p.A12)
2002 Dec 18, Embattled Senate
Republican leader Trent Lott sustained a double-barreled setback as
Rhode Island Sen. Lincoln Chafee broke ranks to call for a change in
party leadership and Secretary of State Colin Powell forcefully
criticized Lott's controversial remarks on race.
2002 Dec 18, Robert Johnson,
the billionaire founder of Black Entertainment Television, became
the 1st African American to own a major sports team. The NBA awarded
him rights to the expansion franchise in Charlotte.
(SFC, 12/19/02, p.A2)
2002 Dec 18, In California Gov.
Davis announced a $34.8 billion cash shortage over the next 18
months and that tax increases would be needed. A legislative analyst
later assessed the deficit at $21 billion.
(SFC, 12/19/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/8/03, p.A17)
2002 Dec 18, Conseco Corp.
filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
(WSJ, 12/18/02, p.A3)
2002 Dec 18, At least 4
tornadoes hit Arkansas and Missouri and killed 3 people with 30
(SFC, 12/19/02, p.A4)
2002 Dec 18, In Brazil a ferry
accident on a the Para River killed at least 22 people with 28 more
believed missing. The death toll grew to 44.
(AP, 12/19/02)(AP, 12/23/02)
2002 Dec 18, In Sudan a bus
crashed and burst into flames after hitting a hole on an
ill-maintained highway known as "the road of death," killing 30
2003 Dec 18, A federal judge in
NY ruled that Pres. Bush does not have the power to order that a US
citizen captured in this country be held indefinitely as an enemy
combatant. Federal judges in SF ruled that the administration's
policy of imprisoning some 600 non-citizens in Cuba without access
to US legal protection raises concerns under US and Int'l. law.
(SFC, 12/19/03, p.A1)
2003 Dec 18, Lee Boyd Malvo
(18) was convicted in Virginia for his role in the 2002 sniper
(SFC, 12/19/03, p.A3)
2003 Dec 18, Michael Jackson
was formally charged with child molesting and administering an
(WSJ, 12/19/03, p.A1)
2003 Dec 18, A judge in Seattle
sentenced confessed Green River Killer Gary Ridgway to 48
consecutive life terms.
2003 Dec 18, RealNetworks filed
a federal anti-trust suit against Microsoft, alleging it has tried
to use it monopoly power in PC operating systems to unlawfully
dominate the digital media market. A settlement was reached in 2005.
(SFC, 10/12/05, p.C2)
2003 Dec 18, The US Census
Bureau reported the population had grown to 291 million, and would
reach 300 million in 4 years.
(WSJ, 12/19/03, p.A1)
2003 Dec 18, An Ohio school
district suspended classes after bullet holes were found in 2 of its
(WSJ, 12/19/03, p.A1)
2003 Dec 18, The NYSE named
John Thain, president of Goldman Sachs, as CEO.
(WSJ, 1/2/04, p.R12)
2003 Dec 18, In California the
small Sierra Railroad (b.1897) announced a successful $1.4 million
bid for the 40-mile Mendocino County Skunk train.
(SFC, 12/19/03, p.A21)
2003 Dec 18, Mark Anthony
Fregia, while driving with his girlfriend and 2 children, set their
car on fire near the I-80 freeway exit at Pinole, Ca. Erin Weaver
was severely burned and the 2 children burned to death in the car.
Fregia fled the scene in a stolen car but was caught the next day.
In 2007 Fregia was convicted of 2 counts of murder and attempted
(SFC, 12/20/03, p.A17)(SFC, 12/4/07, p.B2)
2003 Dec 18, Charles Berlitz
(90), linguist and author, died in Florida. His books included "The
Bermuda Triangle" (1974), and "Native Tongues," a compendium of
(SFC, 1/5/04, p.B5)
2003 Dec 18, Bhutan's royal
army killed at least 90 Indian separatist guerrillas in three days
of fighting to shut down their bases in the tiny Himalayan nation.
the Bhutanese army reported six to seven fatal casualties.
2003 Dec 18, Dragan Nikolic
(46), former Bosnian Serb prison camp commander who allowed his
troops to rape, torture and murder his Muslim prisoners, was
sentenced to 23 years in jail at the U.N. war crimes tribunal in the
2003 Dec 18, The Cayman Islands
banned fishing in grouper spawning areas for eight years, citing a
sharp decline in the species' population. The ban took effect of Dec
2003 Dec 18, Israel's PM Sharon
said that if talks with Palestinians failed, Israel would
unilaterally withdraw from some settlements in order to establish a
more defensible border.
(SFC, 12/19/03, p.A17)
2003 Dec 18, Iran signed a key
accord opening its nuclear facilities to unfettered and unannounced
2003 Dec 18, The Lithuanian
Parliament launched impeachment proceedings against Pres. Rolandas
Paksas over charges that his office had connections with organized
(SFC, 12/19/03, p.A3)
2003 Dec 18, President Vladimir
Putin told Russians that he would seek a second term in the March 14
election. He also agreed to renegotiate debt relief for Iraq.
(AP, 12/18/03)(SFC, 12/19/03, p.A9)
2004 Dec 18, Former Chilean
dictator General Augusto Pinochet was hospitalized after suffering a
2004 Dec 18, In Haiti bands of
former soldiers and armed residents looted police arsenals, set
bonfires and fired shots into the air amid escalating chaos.
2004 Dec 18, The former Iraqi
general known as “Chemical Ali," Ali Hassan al-Majid, went before a
judge in the first investigative hearings of former members of his
2004 Dec 18, Insurgents
claiming to represent three Iraqi militant groups issued a videotape
saying they had captured 10 Iraqis working for an American security
and reconstruction company and would kill them if the firm did not
leave this turbulent country. A clash in Mosul left an Iraqi child
dead. An insurgent attack in Mosul left one Iraqi dead. National
Guardsmen there killed 3 insurgents.
(AP, 12/19/04)(SSFC, 12/19/04, p.A12)
2004 Dec 18, Israeli troops
killed three Palestinians on the second day of an Israeli raid in
the Khan Younis refugee camp in southern Gaza. Israeli forces
withdrew and ended a 2-day raid that left 11 Palestinians dead.
(AP, 12/18/04)(SSFC, 12/19/04, p.A15)
2004 Dec 18, Naples police said
they have broken up a mob protection racket focused on local
bakeries and flour makers.
2004 Dec 18, Maoist rebels
attacked a police post near Nepal's capital with crude bombs and
automatic weapons, killing five policemen.
2004 Dec 18, The African Union
said Sudan had started withdrawing troops in Darfur ahead of an
evening deadline to end fighting there, but Khartoum said the
pullout was conditional on the rebels halting attacks.
2004 Dec 18, Sudan's government
kept up attacks on rebels in Darfur, defying a deadline set by
African Union mediators for an end to active hostilities.
2004 Dec 18, UN talks on
climate change ended with few steps forward as the US, oil producers
and developing giants slammed the brakes on the European Union's
drive for deeper emissions cuts to stop global warming.
2005 Dec 18, In a televised
speech President Bush declared that Iraq’s parliamentary elections
signaled the birth of democracy in the Middle East.
2005 Dec 18, Time magazine
named Bill and Melinda Gates and rock star Bono its "Persons of the
Year," citing their charitable work and activism aimed at reducing
global poverty and improving world health.
2005 Dec 18, Bhutan state media
reported that the king has said he will step down as ruler in 2008
and hold the country's first national elections for a parliamentary
democracy. King Jigme Singye Wangchuck said he will be succeeded by
his son (25), the crown prince.
2005 Dec 18, Socialist Evo
Morales (46) waved coca branches as he headed to vote amid jubilant
townsfolk who hoped to see him become Bolivia's first Indian
president and end a U.S.-backed anti-drug campaign aimed at
eradicating their crops.
2005 Dec 18, Chad blamed its
neighbor Sudan for a rebel raid on an eastern garrison and announced
it was exercising its right to pursue the attackers on Sudanese
soil. A spokesman said an early morning attack on Adre's garrison
was mounted by army deserters allied with a recently formed rebel
group called the Rally for Democracy and Liberty (RDL), which Chad
accuses of being a "militia used by the Sudanese government."
2005 Dec 18, Chinese state
media published the names of three villagers killed by police during
a protest over the seizure of land for a power plant and provided a
rare and vivid account of the small-town politics that led to the
2005 Dec 18, In China
authorities ordered a smelter in Shaoguan to halt the discharge of
waste into the Bei River that contained an unusual amount of
(SFC, 12/22/05, p.A9)
2005 Dec 18, Congo's
war-beleaguered people voted in the first national ballot in over
three decades, banging on polling-booth doors to be allowed in to
say yes or no to a draft constitution meant to put the country on
the path to democracy and lasting peace.
2005 Dec 18, A German TV
station said a German archaeologist kidnapped in Iraq last month
with her driver has been freed.
2005 Dec 18, In Hong Kong World
Trade Organization negotiators approved a draft agreement requiring
wealthy nations to end farm export subsidies by 2013, a support
system that poor nations say puts them at a competitive
disadvantage. The agreement required approval by all 149 WTO
(AP, 12/18/05)(SFC, 12/19/05, p.A3)
2005 Dec 18, In southern India
thousands of flood victims waiting in line for relief vouchers
stampeded into a government-run distribution center, killing at
least 42 people and injuring 37.
2005 Dec 18, Iraq's largest oil
refinery, in Beiji, was shut down because of the deteriorating
security situation in the region. Suicide bombers and gunmen killed
nearly two dozen people across Iraq. Vice President Dick Cheney made
a surprise visit and suggested the vote could pave the way for
beginning a US pullout.
(AP, 12/18/05)(AP, 12/30/05)
2005 Dec 18, Israeli PM Ariel
Sharon suffered a mild stroke.
2005 Dec 18, Jordan's military
court sentenced al-Qaida in Iraq chief Abu Musab al-Zarqawi to death
for a second time for a failed suicide bombing along the Iraqi
border a year ago.
2005 Dec 18, Nigeria grounded
Boeing 737 planes across the country for safety checks, stranding
thousands of travelers after two deadly accidents in two months.
2005 Dec 18, In Tanzania the
national election commission said Jakaya Kikwete, candidate for the
ruling Revolutionary Party, won the presidential election with 80%
of the vote.
(AP, 12/18/05)(Econ, 9/30/06, p.57)
2006 Dec 18, Pres. Bush signed
H.R. 5682, the Henry J. Hyde United States-India Peaceful Atomic
Energy Cooperation Act of 2006 (Hyde Act), to let the US share its
nuclear know-how and fuel with India, which continued to refuse to
sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. It exempted from certain
requirements of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 a proposed nuclear
agreement for cooperation with India. Robert Gates took the oath as
p.A16)(WSJ, 12/19/06, p.A1)
2006 Dec 18, Thirteen US states
sued the EPA to force it to cut fine-particle air pollutants.
(WSJ, 12/19/06, p.A1)
2006 Dec 18, The US FBI
reported that violent crime for the 1st 6 months of 2006 had
increased 3.7% with robberies up 9.7%. This reversed a dropping
trend from the 1990s.
(SFC, 12/19/06, p.B1)
2006 Dec 18, The NBA suspended
seven players for their roles in a brawl between Denver and New
York; each team was fined $500,000.
2006 Dec 18, A new study said
US growers produce nearly $35 billion worth of marijuana annually,
making the illegal drug the country's largest cash crop, bigger than
corn and wheat combined.
2006 Dec 18, The Bill and
Melinda Gates Foundation granted the William and Flora Hewlett
Foundation $40 million to fight illiteracy in developing countries
in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. The Hewlett Foundation had
already committed $20 million.
(SFC, 12/18/06, p.A13)
2006 Dec 18, Verizon
Communications Inc. said it and five Asian telecom companies will
build a $500 million undersea optical cable linking the United
States and China to boost communications capacity by more than 60
2006 Dec 18, In South Bend,
Indiana, Daniel Sharp (56) began killing homeless men suspected in
stealing scrap metal. In February 2006 Sharp admitted that he and
Randy Lee Reeder (50) killed 4 men between Dec 18 and Dec 21 for
stealing metal that he and Reeder had collected to sell for salvage.
In 2007 Sharp pleaded guilty to the killings.
(SFC, 2/5/07, p.A3)(SFC, 5/31/07, p.A3)
2006 Dec 18, Joseph Barbera
(b.1911), legendary Hollywood animator, died. His characters Fred
and Wilma Flintstone and Scooby-Doo made generations of people
(Reuters, 12/19/06)(SFC, 12/19/06, p.B5)
2006 Dec 18, Ruth Bernhard
(101), legendary photographer, died in SF.
(SFC, 12/19/06, p.B5)
2006 Dec 18, In Afghanistan a
suicide bomber rammed his vehicle into a coalition convoy, wounding
two troops of the US-led coalition. Taliban militants beheaded a man
and fatally stabbed another as a warning to villagers not to give
the government or NATO information about Taliban activities.
(AP, 12/18/06)(AP, 12/19/06)
2006 Dec 18, An Australian
court ruled that providing Web links to copyright-protected music is
enough to make a site legally liable. The case created legal
uncertainty for search engines around the world. The full bench of
the Federal Court upheld a lower court ruling that Stephen Cooper,
the operator of the Web site in question, as well as Comcen, the
Internet service provider that hosted it, were guilty under
Australian copyright law.
2006 Dec 18, Sheik Abdul-Ameer
al-Jamri (67), a spiritual leader of Bahrain's Shiite opposition,
died of heart and kidney failure. He had served in Bahrain's first
parliament (1973-75), which was dissolved by the emir. He was jailed
for 3½ years (1996-1999) after riots against the country's Sunni
2006 Dec 18, British police
arrested a 37-year-old man suspected of murdering five prostitutes
in a high-profile serial-killer case that has gripped the nation for
2006 Dec 18, China’s state
television said China plans to keep an "absolute ability to control"
seven key sectors including oil and telecoms, even as it tries to
expose its creaking state-owned firms to the rigors of a market
2006 Dec 18, Manu Sharma, the
son of a wealthy Indian politician, was convicted of murder in the
shooting death of a waitress who refused to serve him a drink, a
case that tested the Indian judiciary's willingness to take on the
2006 Dec 18, In Indonesia a
moderate earthquake killed at least seven people and injured 100,
spreading panic across a large swath of Sumatra, the island worst
hit by the 2004 Asian tsunami.
2006 Dec 18, Opponents of
hardline President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad took an early lead in key
races in Iran's local elections, according to partial results
announced, with moderate conservatives winning control of councils
2006 Dec 18, Japanese
electronics maker Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. said it will
begin mass production of a new lithium-ion battery that is safe from
the overheating problems that prompted a massive recall of Sony
Corp. batteries this year.
2006 Dec 18, Jordanian
authorities closed down an isolated desert prison where UN
investigators and rights groups alleged inmates were routinely
beaten and tortured.
2006 Dec 18, A senior
government official said money sent home by Moroccans overseas
amounted to 40.7 billion dirhams (3.6 billion euros) last year, or
roughly 9 percent of Morocco's gross domestic product.
2006 Dec 18, In southern
Nigeria near-simultaneous blasts tore through two oil company
facilities. The region's main militant group claimed responsibility,
saying it had planted car bombs.