Today in History - December 27

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418        Dec 27, Zosimus, Greek Pope (417-8), died.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

537        Dec 27, The Haghia Sophia Byzantine cathedral in Constantinople was consecrated. St. Sophia (meaning "the holy wisdom" in Greek) was built by Emperor Justinian. It remained a symbol of Byzantine grandeur until Istanbul was conquered by Muslim armies.
    (Sky, 4/97, p.55)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hagia_Sophia)

1194        Dec 27, Frederick II, German Emperor, was born.
    (HN, 12/27/98)

1512        Dec 27, The laws of Burgos gave New World natives legal protection against abuse and authorized Negro slavery.
    (HN, 12/27/98)

1571        Dec 27, Johannes Kepler (d.1630), German astronomer known as the “father of modern astronomy," was born. Working with the data gathered by Tycho Brahe, he established the three laws of planetary motion:
    a) The planets do not travel in concentric circles, but in ellipses, with the sun at one of the two foci of the ellipse.
    b) A radius vector joining a planet to the sun sweeps out equal areas in equal times.
    c) The third law asserted a mathematical relation between the periods of revolution of the planets and their distance from the sun.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.199)(HN, 12/27/98)

1603        Dec 27, Thomas Cartwright (~68), English Presbyterian publicist, died.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1773        Dec 27, George Cayley, founder of the science of aerodynamics, was born in England.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1794        Dec 27, The Portuguese slave ship Sao Jose--Paquete de Africa sank off the coast of South Africa’s Cape Town. Some 400-500 African slaves from Mozambique were on board the vessel bound for Brazil. About half of them perished. Wreckage of the ship was found in 2015.
    (http://tinyurl.com/q9xyg73)(AP, 6/2/15)

1822        Dec 27, Louis Pasteur (d.1895), French chemist and microbiologist, was born in Dole, France. One of his several monumental contributions to science and industry was pasteurization, the process of heating wine, beer and milk to kill microorganisms that cause fermentation and disease. Pasteur also developed important vaccines and his work on molecular asymmetry led to the science of stereochemistry. He was the first to vaccinate animals for anthrax and chicken cholera, and in 1885 he proved that his rabies vaccine could be used successfully on humans when he saved the life of a 9-year-old boy who had been bitten by a rabid dog. The Pasteur Institute was formed in Paris in 1888 for research on rabies. Pasteur ran the institute until his death in 1895.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1055)(AP, 12/27/97) (HNPD, 12/27/98)

1825        Dec 27, The 1st public railroad using steam locomotive was completed in England.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1829        Dec 27, Hinton Helper, southern abolitionist, was born. He wrote "The Impending Crisis,"  the most stinging indictment of slavery.
    (HN, 12/27/98)

1831        Dec 27, HMS Beagle departed from Plymouth. Naturalist Charles Darwin set out on a voyage to the Pacific  aboard the HMS Beagle. Darwin's discoveries during the voyage helped formed the basis of his theories on evolution.
    (HN, 12/27/98)(AP, 12/27/97)

1834        Dec 27, Charles Lamb (b.1775), English critic, poet, essayist, died. "No one ever regarded the first of January with indifference. It is the nativity of our common Adam."
    (AP, 12/31/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Lamb)

1836        Dec 27, Stephen Fuller Austin (43), founder of state of Texas, died.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1845        Dec 27, Ether was 1st used in childbirth in US at Jefferson, Ga.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1855        Dec 27, Paul Ehrenreich, German ethnologist and mythologist, was born.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1862        Dec 27, Rosecrans’ army moved slowly toward General Bragg at Murfreesboro.
    (HN, 12/27/98)
1862        Dec 27, Battle of Chickasaw Bluffs, Miss. (Chickasaw Bayou), began.
    (MC, 12/27/01)
1862        Dec 27, Battle of Elizabethtown, KY.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1871        Dec 27, World's 1st cat show took place at the Crystal Palace, London.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1887        Dec 27, Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Blue Carbuncle."
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1888        Dec 27, Tito Schipa (d.1965), tenor (La Rondine), was born in Italy. His birthday was recorded as January 2, 1889 for military conscription purposes.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tito_Schipa)

1900        Dec 27, Militant prohibitionist Carry Nation carried out her first public smashing of a bar, at the Carey Hotel in Wichita, Kan. She published the Smasher in Topeka. Advertisers boycotted and the paper failed.
    (AP, 12/27/97)(SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.6)

1901        Dec 27, Marlene Dietrich (d.1992), German-born singer and actress best known for her roles in "Shanghai Express" and "Witness for the Prosecution," was born. “I’m a realist and so I think regretting is a useless occupation. You help no one with it. But you can’t live without illusions even if you must fight for them, such as ‘love conquers all.’ It isn’t true, but I would like it to be."
    (SFC, 5/8/96, p.D-2)(HN, 12/27/98)(AP, 11/23/00)

1904        Dec 27, Duke of York Theatre opened in London with the 1st performance “Peter Pan: The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up," a dream-play written by J.M. Barrie.
    (SFC, 1/10/04, p.D1)(www.amrep.org/past/peter/peter1.html)

1906        Dec 27, Oscar Levant, American composer and actor, was born in Pittsburgh.
    (AP, 12/27/06)

1913        Dec 27, In San Francisco over 25,000 people gathered at Lotta’s Fountain to celebrate the postponed Christmas Eve festival.
    (SSFC, 12/22/13, DB p.42)
1913        Dec 27, Charles Moyer, president of the Miners Union, was shot in the back and dragged through the streets of Chicago.
    (HN, 12/27/98)

1915        Dec 27, William Howell Masters, sex author and physician, was born.
    (MC, 12/27/01)
1915        Dec 27, In Ohio, iron and steel workers went on strike for an eight hour day and higher wages.
    (HN, 12/27/98)

1925        Dec 27, In Los Angeles Hilario Camino Moncado founded the Filipino Federation of America (FFA), one of the country’s first and largest Filipino organizations.
    (http://tinyurl.com/oz42xnz)

1927        Dec 27, The musical play "Show Boat," with music by Jerome Kern and libretto by Oscar Hammerstein the Second, opened at the Ziegfeld Theater in New York.
    (AP, 12/27/97)
1927        Dec 27, Stalin's faction won All-Union Congress in USSR. Trotsky was expelled.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1932        Dec 27, Radio City Music Hall was opened in New York City. The new acoustics proved unpopular. In 2002 Emily Thompson authored “The Soundscape of Modernity," a look at the early era of modern acoustics.
    (HFA, '96, p.44)(AP, 12/27/97)(WSJ, 4/24/02, p.D9)

1933        Dec 27, Josef Stalin called tensions with Japan a grave danger.
    (HN, 12/27/01)

1934        Dec 27, The 1st youth US hostel opened at Northfield, Mass.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1936        Dec 27, Lee Salk, doctor (CBS TV), was born.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1937        Dec 27, Mae West performed an Adam and Eve skit that got her banned from NBC radio.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1938        Dec 27, Osip Mandelstam (b.1891), Russian poet born in Poland to Jewish parents, died while in transit to a labor camp. In 1998 Emma Gerstein authored “Moscow Memoirs: Memories of Anna Akhmatova, Osip Mandelstam and Literary Russia Under Stalin." An English translation by John Crowfoot became available in 2004.
    (SSFC, 9/11/04, p.M3)(www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk)

1939        Dec 26-27, In Turkey a series of vicious earthquakes in Erzincan province, magnitude 7.9, took some 33,000 lives in Turkey.
    (HN, 12/27/98)(MC, 12/27/01)(SFEC, 8/22/99, p.A17)(AP, 6/22/02)

1941        Dec 27, Japanese bombers attacked Manila, despite its claim as an open city.
    (HN, 12/27/98)

1942        Dec 27, The 1st Japanese women camp at Ambarawa went into use.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1943        Dec 27, Cokie Roberts, American political broadcaster for NPR and ABC, was born.
    (HN, 12/27/98)
1943        Dec 27, President Franklin Roosevelt ordered the U.S. Army to take temporary possession of all railroads in order to prevent a strike by railway workers. The action was taken under the wartime Labor Disputes Act. The railroads were returned to private management on January 18, 1944.
    (HNQ, 7/16/98)

1944        Dec 27, General Patton’s Third Army, spearheaded by the 4th Armored Division, relieved the surrounded city of Bastogne in Belgium.
    (HN, 12/27/00)
1944        Dec 27, Sister Sara Salkahazi was killed by the Arrow Cross, the Hungarian allies of the Nazis, for hiding Jews in a Budapest building used by her religious order, the Sisters of Social Service. In 2006 she was beatified by Pope Benedict XVI.
    (AP, 9/18/06)

1945        Dec 27, Arthur Laurent's "Home of the Brave," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/27/01)
1945        Dec 27, Foreign ministers from the former Allied nations of the United States, the Soviet Union, and Great Britain agreed to divide Korea into two separate occupation zones and to govern the nation for five years.
    (MC, 12/27/01)
1945        Dec 27, The International Monetary Fund and the Int’l. Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank) were created. 28 nations signed an agreement creating the World Bank. The IMF was created to promote healthy international trade and began transactions in 1947. The World Bank was designed by Englishman John Maynard Keynes and American Harry Dexter White. The IMF and WB were originally intended to part of the UN, but this link was abandoned under American pressure. WB chronology @ (http://tinyurl.com/2f6tgw).
    (AP, 12/27/97)(HN, 12/27/98)(HNQ, 12/27/00)(Econ, 7/24/04, p.63)(Econ, 6/22/13, p.18)
1945        Dec 27, The Dutch formally relinquished sovereignty to Indonesia.
    (WSJ, 7/24/01, p.B4)

1947        Dec 27, Buffalo Bob Smith (1917-1998) and puppet Howdy Doody starred on the first nationally broadcast children’s TV show. It ran to Sep. 30, 1960. The children’s television program “Howdy Doody," hosted by Bob Smith, made its debut on NBC. The show was produced by Martin Stone. The characters Clarabell the Clown (Bob Keeshan later Captain Kangaroo), Chief Thunderthud, Princess Summerfall, Phineas T. Bluster and Flub-a-Dub were featured. The theme song was based on the French ditty: “Ta-ra-ra-Boom-der-e."
    (SFC, 9/9/96, p.A18)(AP, 12/27/97)(SFC, 6/19/98, p.B6)(SFC, 7/31/98, p.D7)
1947        Dec 27, The new Italian constitution was promulgated in Rome.
    (HN, 12/27/98)

1948        Dec 27, Gerard Depardieu, actor (Get Out Your Handkerchiefs, Danton, Green Card), was born in France.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1949        Dec 27, Queen Juliana of the Netherlands granted sovereignty to Indonesia after more than 300 years of Dutch rule. The Netherlands retained control of Irian Jaya, inhabited by Melanesians, until 1963.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1168)(SFC, 9/8/99, p.A17)(AP, 12/27/99)

1950        Dec 27, U.S. and Spain resumed relations for the first time since the Spanish Civil War of the 1930s.
    (HN, 12/27/00)

1954        Dec 27, Gian Carlo Menotti's opera "Saint of Bleecker Street" premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1956        Dec 27, Segregation on Tallahassee, Fla., buses was outlawed.
    (HN, 12/27/98)

1960        Dec 27, France exploded a 3rd atom bomb in the Sahara Desert, code-named Gerboise Rouge (“red gerboa").
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerboise_Bleue)

1961        Dec 27, Styne-Comden-Green musical "Subways are for Sleeping," premiered.
    (MC, 12/27/01)
1961        Dec 27, Tony Bennett, starring in the Venetian Room of the SF Fairmont Hotel, made his 1st solo public performance of “I Left My Heart in San Francisco."  The song was written by George Cory and Douglass Cross in 1954 and had languished in obscurity for years.
    (SSFC, 2/4/07, p.F1)(SFC, 1/25/12, p.A11)(SFC, 2/16/12, p.A13)

1967        Dec 27, Singer Bob Dylan (b.1941 as Robert Allen Zimmerman) released his "John Wesley Harding" album.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Wesley_Harding_(album))

1968        Dec 27, The US agreed to sell fifty F-4 Phantom jets to Israel.
    (HN, 12/27/98)
1968        Dec 27, Apollo 8, the 1st manned mission to the moon, and its three astronauts made a safe, nighttime splashdown in the Pacific.
    (AP, 12/27/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_8)

1970        Dec 27, "Hello, Dolly!" closed at the St. James Theater on Broadway after a run of 2,844 performances.
    (AP, 12/27/97)(www.nodanw.com/shows_h/hello_dolly.htm)

1974        Dec 27, Amy Vanderbilt (b.1908), American etiquette expert, died. "One face to the world, another at home makes for misery." In 1952 she published the best selling book Amy Vanderbilt's Complete Book of Etiquette.
    (AP, 5/12/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amy_Vanderbilt)

1978        Dec 27, Algerian President Houari Boumediene, one of the Third World's most prominent and outspoken leaders, died after 40 days in a coma.
    (AP, 12/27/03)
1978        Dec 27, King Juan Carlos ratified Spain's 1st democratic constitution. A parliamentary monarchy was established with power in the hands of the legislative branch. Many powers centralized under Franco were devolved to the 17 autonomous regions. Manuel Fraga (1922-2012) helped write the country's post-Franco, democratic Constitution.
    (www.igsap.map.es/cia/dispo/ce_ingles_index.htm)(Econ, 1/14/06, p.17)(AP, 1/16/12)
1978        Dec 27, In South Yemen the Supreme Council elected a new president. He reversed moves toward reconciliation with North Yemen and acquiesced to a continued Soviet military buildup.
    (PC, 1992, p.1065)

1979        Dec 27, "Knots Landing," premiered on CBS-TV.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0078638/)
1979        Dec 27, Soviet forces seized control of Afghanistan after a 2nd leftist coup. The Soviet backed coup ousted leftists and put a more pro-Moscow regime in power in Kabul. Babrak Karmal (1929-1996) became the new puppet leader and Soviet troops bolstered his rule against Muslim resistance fighters. Hafizullah Amin, who was overthrown, was executed and replaced by Babrak Karmal. Some 15,000 Soviet soldiers reportedly died along with 1 million Afghans.
    (SFC, 9/23/96, A9)(SFC, 9/28/96, p.A8)(WSJ, 12/6/96, p.A1) (WA, 1997,p.737) (AP, 12/27/97)(http://web.mit.edu/cascon/cases/case_afg.html)

1981        Dec 27, Hoagy Carmichael (b.1899), US actor, songwriter (Stardust), died in California at age 82. His songs included "Stardust" and over 600 other melodies.
    (WSJ, 9/9/99, p.A24)(SFC, 11/25/99, p.C22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoagy_Carmichael)

1983        Dec 27, President Reagan took all responsibility for the lack of security in Beirut that allowed a terrorist on a suicide mission to kill 241 Marines on Oct 23.
    (www.americanprogress.org/issues/2004/02/b37879.html)
1983        Dec 27, Pope John Paul II pardoned Mehmet Ali Agca, the man who shot him. The Pope visited Mehmet Ali Agca at Rome’s Rebibbia prison and personally pardoned him for the 1981 assassination attempt.
    (SFC, 6/14/00, p.A14)(http://preview.tinyurl.com/pddl)
1983        Dec 27, A propane gas fire devastated 16 blocks of Buffalo, NY. The fire killed five firefighters, two civilians, destroyed about a million in fire equipment, and leveled several city blocks, as well as the infamous fire alarm box # 29 also known as the Hoodoo Box.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buffalo_Fire_Historical_Museum)

1984        Dec 27, Geologist Roberta Score found the Martian meteorite labeled Allan Hills (ALH) 84001 while snowmobiling in the Antarctic. The 4.5 billion year old rock was knocked of Mars by an asteroid some 16 million years earlier and landed in Antarctica some 13,000 years before Score’s find.
    (PacDis, Winter ’97, p.29)(SSFC, 2/19/06, p.M6)
1984        Dec 27, Four Polish officers were tried for the slaying of Reverend Jerzy Popieluszko.
    (HN, 12/27/98)

1985        Dec 27, Palestinian guerrillas opened fire inside the Rome and Vienna airports; a total of twenty people were killed, including five of the attackers, who were slain by police and security personnel. Abu Nidal was considered responsible. President Reagan blamed Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi.
    (AP, 12/27/97)(SFC, 8/25/98, p.A6)(NYT, 10/8/04, p.A12)
1985        Dec 27, American naturalist Dian Fossey, who had studied gorillas in the wild, was found hacked to death at a research station in Rwanda.
    (AP, 12/27/05)

1987        Dec 27, Scores of Palestinian prisoners appeared before Israeli military courts in the first trials of several hundred protesters arrested in the "intefadeh," or uprising, in the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/27/97)

1988        Dec 27, Bulgaria stopped jamming Radio Free Europe after more than 3 decades.
    (http://tinyurl.com/jh6vq)
1988        Dec 27, Hundreds of residents of Lockerbie, Scotland, paid silent tribute to five of the Americans killed in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103, as coffins containing victims' remains began the journey home.
    (AP, 12/27/98)

1989        Dec 27, President Bush, on a visit to Beeville, Texas, said he was determined to bring deposed Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega to justice "for poisoning the children of the United States" with illegal drugs.
    (AP, 12/27/99)

1991        Dec 27, The United States and the Philippines announced that the United States would abandon the Subic Bay naval base by the end of 1992.
    (AP, 12/27/01)
1991        Dec 27, Muslim fundamentalists in Algeria won a major victory in free legislative elections; however, the military ended up canceling the election results.
    (AP, 12/27/01)

1992        Dec 27, The United States shot down an Iraqi fighter jet during what the Pentagon described as a confrontation between a pair of Iraqi warplanes and U.S. F-16 jets in U.N.-restricted airspace over southern Iraq.
    (AP, 12/27/97)

1993        Dec 27, U.S. officials said that Strobe Talbott, who had served as the Clinton administration's chief Russia policy architect, would take over the number-two spot at the State Department.
    (AP, 12/27/98)
1993        Dec 27, In Egypt, a gun and bomb attack on a tourist bus in old Cairo wounded 8 Austrians and 8 Egyptians. The militant group Gama’a al-Islamiya claimed responsibility.
    (WSJ, 10/11/04, p.A17)

1995         Dec 27, France set off a fifth nuclear bomb at a South Pacific Atoll.
    (WSJ, 12/28/95, p. A-1)
1995        Dec 27, Israeli jeeps sped out of the West Bank town of Ramallah, capping a seven-week pullout giving Yasser Arafat control over 90 percent of the West Bank's 1 million Palestinian residents and one-third of its land.
    (AP, 12/27/05)

1996        Dec 27, Officials of NBC and Panasonic activated the new 891 sq. foot Astrovision screen near the base of One Times Square, New York.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A6)
1996        Dec 27, Officials in Las Vegas announced that the 12-story, 900-room, 10-year-old Hacienda Hotel would be blown up on New Year’s Eve. A new 4,000 room resort owned by Circus Circus would replace it.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A6)
1996        Dec 27, In South Bend, Ind., Annie Fulford was shot and killed during a drug-related robbery. Her boyfriend, Leif O’Connell, began a rampage and after 2 months began drive-by shootings of black men that left 1 dead and five injured. He and accomplice, Jerred Kahlenbeck, faced murder and attempted murder charges.
    (SFC, 5/13/97, p.A2)
1996        Dec 27, In France the foreign ministry said that it would no longer participate in the Operation Provide Comfort after the end of the year. The operation was a multi-national air reconnaissance effort to safeguard Kurdish civilians in northern Iraq.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A12)
1996        Dec 27, In Peru Pres. Fujimori declared a 60-day state of emergency.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A12)
1996        Dec 27, Russia and China agreed to remove troops along their border and to build a nuclear power plant in eastern China’s Jiangsu province with a $2.5 billion loan from Russia.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A12,13)
1996        Dec 27, Some 300 people were trapped in the Roksky Pass tunnel in the Caucasus between North Ossetia and the breakaway Georgian province of South Ossetia. Also Alexander Lebed announced the new Russian Popular Republican Party.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A12,13)
1996        Dec 27, In Rwanda the first trial was held in connection with the 1994 genocide. Deo Bizimana was accused of killing 20 people and ordering the massacre of thousands of others.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A12)
1996        Dec 27, In Tibet Ngawang Choepel, a musician on a Fullbright scholarship, was sentenced to 18 years in prison for espionage. He had arrived as a Chinese citizen in 1995 to make a documentary on folk music and dance.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A13)
1996        Dec 27, The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), led by former Spanish Prime Minister Felipe Gonzalez, recognized the Yugoslavia opposition victories in the Nov 17 local elections.
    (SFC, 12/28/96, p.A1)
1996        Dec 27, In Belgrade, Yugoslavia, about 60,000 opposition supporters defied riot police and rallied in celebration of an international report backing their triumph over Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic in recent local elections.
    (AP, 12/27/97)

1997        Dec 27, Lower level talks between Turkish and Greek Cypriot officials were suspended by the Turkish Cypriots to protest the inclusion of the Greek side in EU membership.
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A22)
1997        Dec 27, In Egypt Hussein Khalifa was sentenced to death for the 1993-94 murders of 26 policemen and 8 Romanian nationals. Rifaat Zeidan and Abdul-Hamid Othman, all members of al-Gama’a al-Islamiya, were sentenced to death in absentia.
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A17)
1997        Dec 27, In Italy Some 825 illegal immigrants, mostly Kurds, were rescued by Italian tugboats from the Turkish ship Ararat. They were attempting to smuggle into Italy from Turkey.
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A19)
1997        Dec 27, The Laos kip plunged to about half its value since July when the Thai baht was devalued.
    (SFC,12/27/97, p.A15)
1997        Dec 27, In Mexico authorities charged Jacinto Arias Cruz, the mayor of Chenalho, and 23 supporters with murder of the villagers in Acteal.
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A13)
1997        Dec 27, In Northern Ireland inmate Billy Wright (37), aka King Rat and Northern Ireland's most notorious Protestant militant, was shot and killed by another inmate of the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA), an IRA splinter group at the Maze prison. In 1998 3 Irish extremists, Christopher McWilliams, John Kennaway and John Glennon, were sentenced to life in prison for the killing.
    (SFEC,12/28/97, p.A1)(SFC, 10/21/98, p.C2)(AP, 12/27/98)
1997        Dec 27, In Northern Ireland masked killers shot and killed Seamus Dillon (45), a Catholic security guard at the Glengannon Hotel. Two other bouncers and a 14-year-old bar worker were wounded. The attack was a response to the killing of Billy Wright.
    (SFC, 12/29/97, p.A6)

1998        Dec 27, Six inmates, including four convicted killers, escaped from Riverbend Maximum Security Institution in Tennessee. All were recaptured by the end of next day.
    (AP, 12/27/99)
1998        Dec 27, A vaccine for AIDS by VaxGen Inc. of South San Francisco was reported to be in Phase III clinical trials. It was derived from g-120, a genetically engineered protein copied from a protein found in the HIV virus. Other vaccines were also under development.
    (SFEC, 12/27/98, p.A3)
1998        Dec 27, In Michigan 6 children of Femeeka O'Steen (27) died of smoke inhalation in Detroit as their mother recovered in a hospital after giving birth.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.A2)
1998        Dec 27, A week after she was born weighing just 10.3 ounces, the smallest of the Houston Chukwu octuplets, Chijindu Chidera, died.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.A1) (AP, 12/27/99)
1998        Dec 27, In Algeria armed groups attacked 2 villages and killed at least 30 people at Khenis Miliana and Ain N'Sour.
    (SFC, 12/29/98, p.A8)
1998        Dec 27, In China a 4th dissident for democracy received a 10 year prison sentence for speaking to a reported by telephone about farmer's protests.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.A6)
1998        Dec 27, In Colombia a natural gas pipeline exploded in Arroyo de Piedra and killed 12 people.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.B1)
1998        Dec 29, In Colombia rebels claimed to have killed a right-wing paramilitary leader in a weekend capture of his northern stronghold.
    (WSJ, 12/30/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 27, In the Congo Republic troops from Angola, allied to Pres. Sassou-Nguesso, killed dozens of people in a weekend attack on Nkayi.
    (WSJ, 12/30/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 27, Iraq said it would reject any extension of a UN monitored food program and would require monitors to leave.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.A6)
1998        Dec 27, In Mexico 2 Huichol Indians, Juan Chivarrer Lopez and Miguel Hernandez de la Cruz, were arrested for the murder of reporter Philip True.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.B1)
1998        Dec 27, In Russia the first group of 10 solid-fuel Topol-M missiles was to be inaugurated by Defense Minister Igor Sergeyev. They were designed to replace the multiple warhead missiles banned by START II.
    (SFEC, 12/27/98, p.A20)
1998        Dec 27, In Sierra Leone Nigerian jets killed some 50 rebels in Makeni and ECOMOG forces took control following fierce fighting.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.B1)
1998        Dec 27, In Tonga Cyclone Cora hit the islands and destroyed all the banana trees.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.B1)

1999        Dec 27, Six inmates, including four convicted killers, escaped from Riverbend Maximum Security Institution in Tennessee. All were recaptured by the end of next day.
    (AP, 12/27/00)
1999        Dec 27, A week after she was born weighing just ten-point-three ounces, the smallest of the Houston octuplets (Chijindu Chidera) died from heart and lung failure.
    (AP, 12/27/00)
1999        Dec 27, Space shuttle Discovery landed at Cape Canaveral, Fla., following a successful repair of the Hubble Space Telescope.
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.A3)
1999        Dec 27, In Indonesia rival mobs of Muslims and Christians clashed in Maluku province and at least 39 people were killed.
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.A10)
1999        Dec 27, In northeast Pakistan Salamat Shah, a Shiite Muslim, opened fire and killed 12 members of a rival Sunni Muslim group, Sipa-e-Sahaba, during a funeral procession in Sikunder Pur.
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.A10)

2000        Dec 27, Pres. Clinton appointed Roger Gregory as the 1st African American judge to the US Court of appeals in Richmond, Va.
    (SFC, 12/28/00, p.A3)
2000        Dec 27, Software engineer Michael McDermott pleaded innocent to 7 counts of murder in the shooting deaths of seven co-workers the day before at an Internet consulting company in Wakefield, Mass. McDermott was later convicted and sentenced to life without parole.
    (AP, 12/27/05)

2001        Dec 27, Pres. Bush permanently normalized trade relations with China.
    (WSJ, 12/28/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 27, The US announced plans to hold Taliban and al Qaeda prisoners at the Guantanamo Bay naval base in Cuba.
    (SFC, 12/28/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 27, US warplanes destroyed a compound in eastern Afghanistan believed used by a Taliban intelligence chief. Local villagers said as many as 40 civilians were killed. Qari Ahmadullah (40), former Taliban chief of intelligence, was killed while fleeing US bombardment near Naka village in Paktia province.
    (SFC, 12/28/01, p.A22)(SFC, 1/3/02, p.A1)
2001        Dec 27, In NYC a van lurched out of control in Herald Square at 34th ST. and 6th Ave. and killed 6 pedestrians. A 7th died the next day.
    (SFC, 12/28/01, p.A3)(SFC, 12/29/01, p.A6)
2001        Dec 27, In El Salvador forensic scientists found human bones buried under the national police headquarters. The were believed to belong to people who disappeared during the 1980s civil war.
    (WSJ, 12/28/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 27, India banned Pakistan’s national airline from entering its airspace and ordered Pakistan to withdraw half of its diplomats from New Delhi. Pakistan followed suite.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(AP, 12/27/02)
2001        Dec 27, In Israel defense minister Gen. Binyamin Ben-Eliezer (65) took over leadership of the Labor Party. Israeli troops raided Palestinian territory for a 2nd day and arrested 7 suspected militants.
    (SFC, 12/28/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 27, Zambia held national elections. Early returns showed a virtual tie between Levy Mwanawasa of the ruling Movement for Multiparty Democracy and Anderson Mazoka of the United Party for National Development. Mwanawasa won the elections with 29% of the vote.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A21)(Econ, 7/2/05, p.43)

2002        Dec 27, Gov. Engler of Michigan signed a bill eliminating mandatory minimum sentences for drug crimes.
    (WSJ, 12/30/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 27, The hamlet of Bridgeville on Highway 36 in Humboldt County, Ca., was sold on Ebay for $1.77 million. The Ebay deal failed and in 2004 Southern California investor purchased the 82-acre town for $700,000.
    (SFC, 12/28/02, p.A3)(SFC, 5/21/04, p.B3)
2002        Dec 27, George Roy Hill (81), film director, died. His films included "The Sting" and "Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid."
    (SFC, 12/28/02, p.A1)
2002        Dec 27, Argentine lawmakers approved the 2003 budget and ratified a new central bank chief, helping President Eduardo Duhalde's efforts to secure an aid agreement with the IMF.
    (AP, 12/27/02)
2002        Dec 27, Chechen rebel suicide bombers rammed vehicles packed with a ton of explosives into the local government headquarters in Grozny, gutting the building and killing at least 83 people.
    (Reuters, 12/27/02)(AP, 12/28/02)(SFC, 12/31/02, p.A7)
2002        Dec 27, In Indonesia at least 9 people including two children were killed and 50 injured when heavy rain triggered a mud slide on Sumatra island.
    (Reuters, 12/27/02)
2002        Dec 27, Palestinian gunmen killed 4 Israelis at the Otniel religious community near Hebron.
    (SFC, 12/28/02, p.A9)
2002        Dec 27, In Kenya political veteran Mwai Kibaki (71), head of an opposition alliance that promised to fight corruption and revive Kenya's ailing economy, won the elections  over Uhuru Kenyatta 62% to 31%. The opposition alliance won 125 of 210 elective seats in the National Assembly, breaking the ruling party's 39-year grip on power. Kibaki promised to curb corruption.
    (AP, 12/28/02)(SFC, 12/28/02, p.A11)(AP, 1/2/03)(Econ, 12/18/04, p.65)
2002        Dec 27, In Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, 7 people were killed and 26 injured when a container of fireworks exploded, detonating a gas tank in the Dordoi market.
    (AP, 12/27/02)
2002        Dec 27, A defiant North Korea ordered U.N. nuclear inspectors to leave the country and said it would restart a laboratory capable of producing plutonium for nuclear weapons. But the U.N. nuclear watchdog said its inspectors were "staying put" for the time being.
    (AP, 12/27/03)
2002        Dec 27,  Poland announced it will buy 48 U.S.-made F-16 jet fighters from Lockheed Martin for $3.5 billion to upgrade its air force to NATO standards
    (AP, 12/27/02)
2002        Dec 27, Russia said it will no longer accept US Peace Corps volunteers, after suggesting the workers were spying.
    (AP, 12/27/02)(SFC, 12/28/02, p.A11)
2002        Dec 27, Uruguay's Congress approved a plan to merge 3 major banks verging on insolvency amid the country's economic crisis.
    (AP, 12/27/02)

2003        Dec 27, In Afghanistan suspected al Qaeda fighters ambushed Afghan security forces near the Pakistani border. A senior Afghan intelligence official was killed along with 6 attackers.
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A14)
2003        Dec 27, Alan Bates (69), British stage and film actor, died. His films included "Zorba the Greek" and "Georgy Girl."
    (SFC, 12/29/03, p.A12)
2003        Dec 27, China announced its first suspected SARS case since July.
    (AP, 12/27/03)
2003        Dec 27, An Indonesian army tank accidentally ran over a public minibus on Java island, killing 18 people and injuring at least five.
    (AP, 12/27/03)
2003        Dec 27, Governments around the world rushed medical experts, rescue teams, water-purification systems and tea to the earthquake-ravaged Iranian city of Bam.
    (AP, 12/27/03)
2003        Dec 27, In Iraq insurgents launched 3 coordinated attacks in the southern city of Karbala, killing 13 people, including six Iraqi police officers, 2 Thai soldiers and 5 Bulgarians.
    (AP, 12/28/03)(SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/29/03, p.A1)(AP, 12/27/04)
2003        Dec 27, Israeli troop staged a huge raid in Nablus that left a Palestinian teenager dead and 17 others wounded.
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A18)
2003        Dec 27, Juan Garcia Ponce (71), a renowned Mexican art critic, translator and prize-winning novelist, died. Ponce was born in Merida, the capital of Yucatan state, on Sept. 22, 1932. The author of at least 50 books, Ponce wrote novels, plays, screenplays and essays and was considered a master of erotic literature.
    (AP, 12/28/03)(SFC, 12/29/03, p.A12)
2003        Dec 27, Russia removed all Soviet-built anti-aircraft missiles from its vast arms depots in a Moldova province to prevent them from falling into the hands of terrorists. The missiles were flown from Transdniestria Province to Moscow.
    (AP, 12/29/03)

2004        Dec 27, In southern Asia the death toll from the Dec 26 earthquake-tsunami catastrophe rose to more than 23,000.
    (AP, 12/27/04)
2004        Dec 27, The Central Africa Republic (CAR) established a new Constitution.
    (AP, 3/26/13)
2004        Dec 27, The euro reached an intraday high of $1.364.
    (WSJ, 12/28/04, p.C2)
2004        Dec 27, A massive burst of energy from a neutron star, SGR 1806-20, was detected in the constellation Sagittarius. It was the equivalent of what the sun emits every 150,000 years.
    (SFC, 2/19/05, p.A2)
2004        Dec 27, Honduras' security minister pledged to eliminate violent youth gangs, nine of whose members have been charged with homicide in connection with a Dec. 23 shooting attack on a public bus that killed 28 people.
    (AP, 12/27/04)
2004        Dec 27, The foreign secretaries of nuclear-armed rivals India and Pakistan began two-day talks that will include their first formal dialogue on disputed Kashmir since they launched a peace process a year ago.
    (AP, 12/27/04)
2004        Dec 27, In an audiotape, a man purported to be Osama bin Laden endorsed Abu Musab al-Zarqawi as his deputy in Iraq and called for a boycott of January's elections in the country.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2004        Dec 27, A suicide bomber detonated his car at the gate of the home of the leader of Iraq's biggest political party and most powerful Shiite political group, killing 15 people and injuring dozens. Abdul Aziz al-Hakim, head of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq, the country's, was unharmed.
    (AP, 12/27/04)
2004        Dec 27, The Iraqi Islamic Party, the biggest Sunni political group, pulled out of the Jan. 30 elections citing the deteriorating security situation.
    (AP, 12/28/04)
2004        Dec 27, Poisonous liquor sold by an illegal alcohol bar in India's financial capital killed at least 51 people and sent nearly 100 others to hospital over two days, prompting citywide raids on alcohol vendors.
    (AP, 12/28/04)
2004        Dec 27, Israel released 159 Palestinian prisoners as a gesture to the new Palestinian leadership.
    (AP, 12/27/04)
2004        Dec 27, Jordan's military court on acquitted 13 Muslim militants, including three Saudi fugitives, of conspiring to commit terror attacks against U.S. targets in Jordan, but sentenced 11 of them to prison terms ranging from six to 15 years for possessing explosives.
    (AP, 12/27/04)
2004        Dec 27, In western Sudan rebel forces attacked the market town of Ghubaysh and the government retaliated. The UN World Food Program suspended food convoys to the Darfur region following the attacks.
    (AP, 12/29/04)
2004        Dec 27, Ukraine election officials said opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko won 51.99 percent to 44.19 percent for Moscow-backed PM Viktor Yanukovych. Supporters of the pro-Russian PM vowed to challenge the results in court.
    (AFP, 12/28/04)
2004        Dec 27, Ukrainian Transport Minister Heorhiy Kirpa, a supporter of the trailing candidate in the presidential election, was found dead in his house from a gunshot wound. Opposition figures claimed that Kirpa allocated trains to ferry Yanukovych supporters to vote at multiple polling sites in Nov. 21 presidential balloting that eventually was annulled by the Ukraine Supreme Court.
    (AP, 12/27/04)

2005        Dec 27, The US State Dept. announced sanctions against 9 foreign companies, 6 Chinese, for selling missile and chemical-arms goods to Iran.
    (WSJ, 12/28/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 27, In NYC the executive board of the transit workers approved a tentative contract that included a 10.9% raise over 3 years and a requirement for workers to contribute to their health care plans.
    (SFC, 12/28/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 27, A reported inversion with long-term interest rates dropping below short-term rates prompted a sell-off on Wall Street. The trend often precedes an economic downturn.
    (WSJ, 12/28/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 27, Grass fires burned in drought-stricken Texas and Oklahoma. Over three days, nearly 200 homes were lost and the fires blamed for at least four deaths.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2005        Dec 27, A close aide said Bolivia’s President-elect Evo Morales will reject US economic and military aid if the US requires continued coca-eradication efforts to get the money.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Inmates at a prison in Brazil's remote Amazon jungle held more than 200 people hostage, demanding the return of their leader from another prison. Authorities agreed to bring him back, but both sides remained at an impasse, waiting for the other to make the first move.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, In China Tian Fengshan, former minister of land and resources, was sentenced to life in prison on charges of taking $545,000 in bribes from 1995-2003.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, US financial services giant Citigroup Inc. said it plans to increase its stake in China's Shanghai Pudong Development Bank to 19.9 percent, the maximum legal holding for a single foreign bank in a local lender.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Leftist rebels ambushed a group of soldiers who were protecting civilians in southern Colombia, killing 28.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 27, East Timor's president formally opened a consulate in Indonesia's neighbouring West Timor province in an effort to strengthen relations between the two nations.
    (AFP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 27, A conference underlining the gravity of Egypt's landmines problem kicked off in Cairo, with delegates appealing for international support in the mine clearing effort. Egypt is one of the most heavily-mined regions in the world, a legacy of World War II and the Arab-Israeli wars, which left the northwestern desert infested with an estimated 22 million mines and  other unexploded ordnance (UXOs).
    (AFP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 27, In Indonesia a year after the tsunami destroyed their battlefield, Aceh rebels formally disbanded their armed wing, effectively ending their 30-year separatist insurgency.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Clashes erupted between gunmen and Iraqi police in Baghdad, killing two policemen and two bystanders. South of Baghdad, a roadside bomb targeting a police patrol killed two officers, and gunmen in southern Baghdad killed another. Gunmen southeast of Kirkuk, killed one police officer.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, The Israeli military fired a barrage of artillery and missiles at the Gaza Strip, hitting two offices of the Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades and a bridge the army said was used by militants to reach areas where they fire rockets.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Three rockets landed in a residential area of a northern Israeli town near the Lebanese border, damaging some property but causing no injuries.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, The Japanese government endorsed measures that would put more women in top government posts and provide more support for working mothers at a time when the country is facing low birth rates and a looming labor shortage.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, In Kuwait 6 men were convicted and sentenced to death on charges they belonged to a terrorist group that planned to attack US troops in Kuwait. They were among 37 Kuwaitis and other nationals accused of joining the Lions of the Peninsula, a group the prosecution claims was planning attacks. The defendants were captured after clashing with Kuwaiti police in January 2005.
    (AP, 12/27/05)(AP, 3/9/06)
2005        Dec 27, Abdel-Qadar Abdel Qader, a Syrian, was arrested in Lebanon on suspicion of involvement in the assassination of Gibran Tueni, the anti-Syrian general manager and columnist of Lebanon's leading newspaper.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Philippine prosecutors charged four US Marines with rape in what is seen as a test case for a bilateral accord allowing American troops to train here.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Andrei Illarionov, an outspoken economic adviser to Russian President Vladimir Putin, announced that he was resigning, saying he could no longer work in a government that had done away with political freedoms.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Saudi police arrested Mohammed Abdel-Rahman Mohammed al-Suwailmi, a terror suspect on the country's list of most wanted militants.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, In Spain a new law that took effect ordering government ministries to close no later than 6 p.m., part of a broad package of measures that are geared to help Spaniards juggle their jobs and families.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 27, In Sri Lanka a land mine killed at least 10 soldiers on the northern Jaffna peninsula. A police officer patrolling the eastern town of Kalmunai was killed. Tiger rebels were blamed.
    (SFC, 12/28/05, p.A5)
2005        Dec 27, Official Syrian news reported that Syria has signed a $2.7 billion memorandum of understanding with a Russian company for construction of a refinery and petrochemical plant in northeast Syria.
    (AP, 12/27/05)
2005        Dec 27, Turkey reported an outbreak of avian influenza in chickens in the eastern area of Igdir, less than a month after declaring its territory free of the virus, and said it had culled 359 birds as a precautionary measure.
    (Reuters, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 27, Ukraine and Bulgaria said all their troops had left Iraq. Poland said it would remain but reduce its number of troops by 600 next year.
    (AP, 12/27/05)

2006        Dec 27 Former Democratic vice presidential nominee John Edwards jumped into the presidential race a day earlier than he had planned after his campaign accidentally went live with his election Web site a day before his scheduled announcement.
    (AP, 12/27/07)
2006        Dec 27, A Florida doctor pleaded guilty to securities fraud in connection with a life insurance scam that cost 28,000 investors nearly $1 billion. Clark Mitchell, the former director of a prominent AIDS clinic who was arrested more than five years ago on insurance fraud charges, agreed to be responsible for restitution of $367 million to investors in Mutual Benefits Corp., a Fort Lauderdale company that sought investors in life insurance policies held by elderly or ill people.
    (Reuters, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Ohio’s state Supreme Court publicly reprimanded Gov. Bob Taft for his ethics violations in office, a black mark that will stay on his permanent record as an attorney.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, It was reported that the SF Dept. of Parking and Traffic had begun a 90-day test run using cameras to scan license plates in search of cars with unpaid citations. Metal boots were immediately attached to cars with at least 5 outstanding tickets.
    (SFC, 12/27/06, p.B1)
2006        Dec 27, A 2-day storm with 60 mph winds hit the SF Bay Area. In Marin County the main hall of Manka’s Inverness Lodge, built in 1917, burned down when wind knocked a tree into a water heater. A woman was killed when a tree crashed through her cottage in Lagunitas.
    (SFC, 12/28/06, p.A1, B1)
2006        Dec 27, In southern Afghanistan a bomb explosion caused a NATO vehicle to crash, killing one British soldier and wounding three.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 27, Angry protesters attacked government offices and damaged vehicles in northern Bangladesh after authorities rejected applications by former army ruler Hossain Mohammad Ershad to contest next month's elections.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Belarus issued an implicit threat that it could stop Russian gas deliveries through its pipelines to western Europe unless Russia's gas monopoly Gazprom relented on demands Minsk pay steep price increases in 2007.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Brazilian travelers incensed about an overbooked flight stormed a runway to prevent a commercial jet from taking off. A tourism industry leader said two months of chronic flight delays have been a "disaster" for tourism.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, A helicopter carrying natural gas workers crashed off the northwest English coast, killing six people and leaving the only other person aboard missing.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 27, Central African President Francois Bozize ordered the army to set fire to the homes of two leaders of a dissident Baptist church, after they did the same to a pastor's house, to teach them a lesson.
    (AFP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 27, China’s state media reported that temperatures in China will rise significantly in coming decades and water shortages will worsen, citing the government's first national assessment of global climate change.
    (AFP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Colombia's second-largest rebel group (ELN) released two police officers taken hostage earlier this month, a move that could revive slow-moving peace talks with the government. Gunmen shot and killed Jaime Andres Angarita (33), a paramilitary leader, as he was dining at a restaurant in the western city of Medellin. Angarita was considered the right-hand man of warlord Salvatore Mancuso, the architect of a 2003 peace deal with the government that has led to the demobilization of 31,000 militia fighters.
    (AP, 12/27/06)(AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 27, Fighting broke out in eastern Congo between government troops and forces loyal to a dissident general, killing at least 19 people. A group of Congolese soldiers went on trial for war crimes, a month after UN investigators found mass graves inside their eastern army camp with some 30 bodies including women and children.
    (AP, 12/27/06)(Reuters, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 27, A 26-year-old Egyptian man died of bird flu, the third member of his extended family to die of the virus.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Ethiopian and Somali government troops drove Islamic fighters out of the last major town on the road to Mogadishu, the Islamist-held capital.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Gabon's Constitutional Court confirmed President Omar Bongo Ondimba's camp as official winner of the nation's general elections held December 17 and 24.
    (AFP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, A new report said a third of India’s rural population, or more than 200 million people, still live on 12 rupees (26 cents) a day or less.
    (AFP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Saddam Hussein's Baath Party threatened to retaliate if the ousted Iraqi leader is executed, warning in an Internet posting it would target US interests anywhere. Saddam Hussein urged Iraqis to embrace "brotherly coexistence" and not to hate U.S.-led foreign troops in a goodbye letter posted on a Web site a day after Iraq's highest court upheld his death sentence. A car bomb explosion killing 8 civilians and wounding 10 near an Iraqi army checkpoint in Baghdad. Police found the bodies of 51 people apparent victims of sectarian killings. US and Iraqi troops in Najaf killed Sahib al-Amiri, a top deputy of Muqtada al-Sadr. 2 Latvian soldiers were killed and 3 were wounded when a roadside bomb exploded under their Humvee in Diwaniyah. 3 US soldiers were killed by roadside bombs in and around Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/27/06)(AP, 12/28/06)(SFC, 12/28/06, p.A12)(WSJ, 12/28/06, p.A1)(AP, 12/27/07)
2006        Dec 27, Israel decided to resume pinpoint attacks against Palestinian rocket-launching cells in Gaza, jeopardizing what is already a shaky, month-old truce with Gaza militants.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, A Taiwanese court convicted Chao Chien-min, the son-in-law of President Chen Shui-bian, of insider trading and sentenced him to six years in prison.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Telephone lines and Internet service went dead across much of Asia after two powerful earthquakes off Taiwan damaged undersea cables used by several countries to route calls and online traffic.
    (AP, 12/27/06)
2006        Dec 27, Yemeni authorities opened fire on boats filled with refugees fleeing the fighting in Somalia and at least 17 people drowned when one of the vessels capsized.
    (AP, 12/28/06)

2007        Dec 27, Bayron Jimenez Castaneda (44), suspected Colombian cocaine trafficker, was arrested in Orlando, Florida, for the kidnapping of an undercover US agent. Three other suspects in the kidnapping of a US Immigration and Customs Enforcement agent on Dec. 14, 2005 remain at large. Traffickers initially demanded a $2 million ransom, but released him after half a day when they realized he was a US government agent.
    (AP, 12/28/07)
2007        Dec 27, In Richmond, Ca., 2 gunmen shot and killed Ravinder (30) and Paramjit (42) Kalsi as they closed their restaurant. In 2009 police named Rajesh Kumar of Fiji, as a suspect in the case. Kumar was wanted for allegedly defrauding a woman connected to the restaurant.
    (SFC, 1/2/09, p.B2)
2007        Dec 27, Steven Florio (b.1949), former CEO of Conde Nast, died in NYC.
    (SFC, 12/29/07, p.B5)
2007        Dec 27, The Afghan government expelled UN advisor Mervyn Patterson and EU official Michael Semple, on accusations they held unauthorized meetings with Taliban militants. A spokesman for the UN mission said the diplomats had traveled to Musa Qala, a former Taliban stronghold in southern Helmand province on Dec 24, where they met with local leaders.
    (AP, 12/27/07)
2007        Dec 27, In Bahrain more than a dozen people detained during recent Shiite protests were charged with attempted murder, illegal assembly and rioting.
    (AP, 12/27/07)
2007        Dec 27, In Chechnya unidentified gunmen shot and killed a police officer in Grozny.
    (AP, 12/28/07)
2007        Dec 27, Shawn Wang, the chief financial officer of leading Chinese search engine Baidu.com, died in an accident while on holiday.
    (AP, 12/29/07)
2007        Dec 27, In eastern India Hindu extremists burned down the house of a prominent Christian politician, as violence by gangs from both sides continued despite a curfew imposed after two days of attacks against Christians by Hindu hard-liners. In Orissa state at least three people were killed when they opened fire on a group of hard-line Hindus who set fire to a police station during ongoing clashes between Hindus and Christians.
    (AP, 12/27/07)(AP, 12/28/07)
2007        Dec 27, In Ingushetia several militants ambushed a border guards' vehicle, killing two officers and wounding two other servicemen.
    (AP, 12/28/07)
2007        Dec 27, In Iraq a bomb left inside a bus in eastern Baghdad exploded and killed two passengers and wounded 12 others. US troops allegedly killed 11 members of a Mahdi Army splinter group in Kut. A local official said 4 people were killed and that they were innocent. Kut police said 6 suspected militiamen were killed. The military announced that it had detained two more suspects in the capture of 3 US soldiers on May 12. The US military said in a statement that troops killed 12 suspected al-Qaida in Iraq terrorists and detained 37 others during a Dec 22-25 operation near Muqdadiyah.
    (AP, 12/27/07)(AP, 12/28/07)(SFC, 12/28/07, p.A3)
2007        Dec 27, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas held their first summit since they agreed last month to renew peace talks, seeking to resolve a dispute over planned Israeli construction in east Jerusalem.
    (AP, 12/27/07)
2007        Dec 27, Kenya held elections. President Mwai Kibaki tried to fend off fiery opposition leader Raila Odinga. In Nairobi monitors from the EU saw tens of thousands of votes pinched for Kibaki. In 2009 Philip Alston, a UN investigator, published a report documenting around 500 death-squad executions in the months leading up the elections.
    (AP, 12/27/07)(Econ, 1/5/08, p.37)(Econ, 3/14/09, p.49)
2007        Dec 27, Nigeria reported that Nuhu Ribadu, head of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), was being forced to resign in order to attend a one year course at the National Institute of Policy and Strategic Studies at Jos.
    (Econ, 1/5/08, p.38)
2007        Dec 27, Pakistan’s opposition leader Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in a suicide attack in Rawalpindi that also killed at least 20 others at the end of a campaign rally. Doctors reported that Bhutto died from a bullet wound. Opposition leader Nawaz Sharif announced his party was boycotting next month's elections following the assassination. He demanded that President Pervez Musharraf resign immediately. Within hours Sindhis began to rampage. After the 1st frenzy over 50 people were killed and damages were later estimated at $200 million. In February, 2008, her book “Reconciliation: Islam, Democracy, and the West," was published. In it she alleged that Qari Saifullah Akhtar was involved in an October bombing in Karachi that killed some 150 people.
    (AP, 12/27/07)(SFC, 12/31/07, p.A3)(Econ, 1/5/08, p.22)(Econ, 2/16/08, p.93)(AP, 8/6/08)
2007        Dec 27, In northern Sri Lanka Air force jets destroyed a Tamil naval base.
    (AP, 12/27/07)
2007        Dec 27, South Sudanese former rebels rejoined the national government, two months after walking out because of disputes over the implementation of a peace deal that ended two decades of war.
    (AFP, 12/27/07)
2007        Dec 27, In Thailand officials said deposed PM Thaksin Shinawatra would be arrested if he returns home from a self-imposed exile as planned, even if his victorious allies form a government following last weekend's general election.
    (AP, 12/27/07)
2007        Dec 27, In southern Zimbabwe floodwaters swept a truck down a raging river, killing 7 people. Their deaths bring the number of drownings in Zimbabwe to 21 in the past month.
    (AP, 12/28/07)

2008        Dec 27, It was reported that the mountain pine beetle was expected to kill virtually every mature lodgepole pine in Colorado. The beetle had already destroyed pine forests from Mexico to Canada.
    (WSJ, 12/27/08, p.A2)
2008        Dec 27, Sculptor Robert Graham (b.1938) died in Santa Monica, Ca. His massive bronze works mark civic monuments across America, included the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial in Washington.
    (AP, 12/28/08)(SFC, 12/29/08, p.A2)
2008        Dec 27, In northern Nevada a 13 rail cars containing grain were involved in a derailment along the Humboldt River. The derailment triggered the collapse of a 102-year-old bridge spanning the river.
    (SSFC, 12/28/08, p.B2)
2008        Dec 27, In southern Afghanistan a suicide attacker detonated a car bomb at a police checkpoint, killing three policemen and two civilian men on a motorbike. 2 Canadian soldiers were killed in a blast in southern Kandahar province. An Afghan policeman and an interpreter also died in the attack in Panjwayi district, a Taliban stronghold about 25 kilometers (15 miles) west of Kandahar city. A member of the Kandahar provincial council was shot dead in a mosque. US troops killed five militants and detained six in operations against extremist networks.
    (AP, 12/27/08)(AFP, 12/28/08)
2008        Dec 27, An explosion in central China's Henan province killed 15 people and injured nine others. Explosives, used for small-scale demolition, were illegally stored at a home when they ignited, destroying more than 10 neighboring houses. At least 17 workers were killed and one seriously injured when an elevator suddenly dropped to the ground at a construction site in central Hunan province.
    (AP, 12/27/08)
2008        Dec 27, Guinea's coup leader said he would allow the opposition and union leaders to help choose a prime minister. The military junta was boosted by the endorsement of neighboring Senegal as it attempted to garner international backing, and, after meeting political parties, promised to stamp out the burgeoning drugs trade.
    (AP, 12/27/08)(Reuters, 12/27/08)
2008        Dec 27, In Iraq a bomb tore through a busy square in Baghdad at midday, killing at least 24 people and wounding 54. A suspected al-Qaida in Iraq fugitive was killed in a gun battle with police in the western city of Ramadi. He was one of four suspected al-Qaida in Iraq members who escaped during a jailbreak and ensuing riot at a Ramadi police station a day earlier that left six policemen and seven insurgents dead. An Iraqi soldier and two other people were killed when a car bomb exploded as they were trying to defuse it in Musayyib. Police in the northern city of Kirkuk also arrested six suspected insurgents, including the former driver of Hassan al-Majid — Saddam Hussein's cousin who is also known as "Chemical Ali."
    (AP, 12/27/08)(SSFC, 12/28/08, p.A4)
2008        Dec 27, Israel began “Operation Cast Lead" as its warplanes retaliating for rocket fire from the Gaza Strip pounded dozens of security compounds across the Hamas-ruled territory in waves of airstrikes, killing nearly 200 people and wounding 270 others in the single bloodiest day of fighting in years. Gaza militants fired 30 rockets and mortars after the air offensive began. A missile hit the town of Netivot, killing an Israeli man and wounding four people.
    (AP, 12/27/08)(Econ, 1/10/09, p.24)
2008        Dec 27, In Malaysia Tuanku Ja'afar Tuanku Abdul Rahman (86), a royal state ruler, died. He became Malaysia's king for five years (1994-1999) under the country's unique monarchal system.
    (AP, 12/28/08)
2008        Dec 27, Turkey's parliament reduced the budget allocations of most ministries by up to 16 percent to cut overall spending as the country seeks a loan deal with the International Monetary Fund.
    (AP, 12/27/08)
2008        Dec 27-2009 Jan 21, In Egypt security forces arrested at least 860 activists of the Muslim Brotherhood as public demonstrations mounted during the Israeli assault on Gaza.
    (Econ, 1/17/09, p.48)

2009        Dec 27, The New York Times reported that the United States has quietly opened a third, largely covert front against the Al-Qaeda terror network in Yemen. The paper said the Pentagon will be spending more than 70 million dollars over the next 18 months, and using teams of special forces, to train and equip Yemeni military, Interior Ministry and coast guard forces.
    (AFP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 27, In Afghanistan 10 civilians, including 8 students, were killed in fighting involving international forces in eastern Kunar province. Pres. Karzai condemned the deaths and called for an investigation. Afghan and international security forces captured militants in Kandahar province in southern Afghanistan and in Wardak and Khost provinces in the east. On Dec 30 Asadullah Wafa, a senior adviser to Pres. Karzai, said that 8 schoolchildren between the ages of 12 and 14 were among the dead discovered in a village house in the Narang district of Kunar province.
    (AP, 12/28/09)(AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 27, Croatians went to the polls amid a deepening economic crisis and concerns over high-level corruption to elect a president to steer the Balkans country into the EU. Centrist Stipe Mesic (75) stands down in February after serving the maximum two five-year terms and successfully transforming the country from a nationalist autocracy into a parliamentary democracy. Social Democrat lawmaker Ivo Josipovic garnered 32.4% of votes and Zagreb Mayor Milan Bandic, who ran as independent candidate, got 14.8% of votes. The top two finishers will face each other in a Jan. 10 runoff.
    (AFP, 12/27/09)(AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 27, In Iran Ali Mousavi, a nephew of Iranian opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi, was killed in fighting between protesters and security forces. Security forces fired on anti-government protesters in Tehran, killing 8 people in the fiercest clashes in months.
    (AP, 12/27/09)(AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 27, In Iran authorities detained two German diplomats and accused them of playing a role in organizing deadly anti-government protests. Iran's state media only reported this on Jan 27, 2010. Germany's Foreign Ministry said it had no knowledge about any diplomats being detained and dismissed accusations that German officials had a hand in the demonstrations and clashes that left eight people dead.
    (AP, 1/27/10)
2009        Dec 27, In northeast Iraq a bomb killed five Shiite pilgrims in a procession in the town of Tuz Khormato. Blasts in Baghdad killed 2 more pilgrims as millions of people marched to commemorate Ashoura, the most important Shiite religious observance. The 10-day religious ceremonies culminated today with huge processions.
    (AP, 12/27/09)(SFC, 12/28/09, p.A4)
2009        Dec 27, Italian officials said 7 people, including a German teenager, have been killed by weekend avalanches in northern Italy.
    (AP, 12/27/09)
2009        Dec 27, Japanese PM Yukio Hatoyama arrived in India on a three-day visit aimed at strengthening economic and security cooperation with the emerging giant.
    (AFP, 12/27/09)
2009        Dec 27, In Lebanon Hezbollah leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah called on Egypt to stop building a steel wall along the Gaza border that could obstruct tunnels which provide a lifeline for the blockaded enclave.
    (Reuters, 12/27/09)
2009        Dec 27, In Malawi officials arrested 2 men for celebrating their engagement to each other in a ceremony on Dec 26. Stevem Monjeza (26) and Tiwonge Chimbalanga (20) were charged with indecency and could get 5 to 14 years in jail if convicted.
    (SFC, 12/30/09, p.A2)(SFC, 1/19/10, p.A2)
2009        Dec 27, In Pakistan a suicide bomber detonated his explosives outside a large gathering of Shiite Muslims in Muzaffarabad, the capital of Pakistan-controlled Kashmir, killing five people and wounding 80. Another blast in Karachi wounded 30, but it was attributed to a buildup of gas in a sewage pipe.
    (AP, 12/27/09)(AP, 12/29/09)
2009        Dec 27, Isaac Schwartz (b.1923), Russian composer, died at his home just outside St. Petersburg. His music adorned some of the most popular movies of the Soviet era. Schwartz wrote the music for a total of 110 movies and 35 theatrical performances.
    (AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 27, Sudan, angling to become Africa's leading exporter of ethanol, sent out its first shipment of the bio-fuel to the Netherlands. Kenana's plant, located in the White Nile State south of Khartoum, was built by the Brazilian ethanol supplier Dedini.
    (AFP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 27, Syrian security agents detained Tal al-Mallohi (19), a high school student blogger, after summoning her for questioning. Authorities have not allowed al-Mallohi's family to communicate with her since she was picked up. On Sep 20, 2010, The New York-based Human Rights Watch called for her immediate release. On Feb 14, 2011, she was sentenced to 5 years in prison on charges of spying for a foreign country.
    (AP, 9/20/10)(SFC, 2/15/11, p.A2)
2009        Dec 27, Human rights groups warned that the Thai government's planned expulsion of 4,000 ethnic Hmong to Laos could turn violent.
    (AP, 12/27/09)
2009        Dec 26, Turkey's military arrested eight of its officers in connection with an alleged plot to assassinate Bulent Arinc, the country's deputy prime minister.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yhgzlkp)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.38)

2010        Dec 27, Hundreds of passengers were stuck at airports up and down the US East Coast as a blizzard menaced travelers trying to get home after the holidays.
    (AP, 12/27/10)
2010        Dec 27, Alfred Kahn (93), US airline deregulator, died. In 1977 he took over the Civil aeronautics Board for Pres. Carter. His academic efforts included the 2-volume work: “The Economics of Regulation: Principles and Institutions" (1988).
    (Econ, 1/22/11, p.101)
2010        Dec 27, In Afghanistan a Taliban car bomb targeted a bank where police queued for salaries in Kandahar, killing three people. NATO said one of its service members was killed in a roadside bombing in southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 12/27/10)(AFP, 12/27/10)
2010        Dec 27, In China 14 children died when the vehicle taking them to school plunged into a creek in the central province of Hunan. In Guizhou province 7 people died and 15 were injured after a truck crashed into a gas station in fog, causing a pileup involving more than 100 cars.
    (AP, 12/27/10)
2010        Dec 27, An Egyptian Ministry of Health official said a resurgent H1N1 swine flu virus has infected 1,172 people in Egypt and killed 56 since October 8.
    (Reuters, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 27, In Guatemala men claiming to belong to the Zetas drug gang forced radio stations to broadcast a threat of war in a northern Guatemalan province where the government declared a state of siege last week.
    (AP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 27, In Iraq 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up, killing nine people at the government compound in Ramadi, the provincial capital of Anbar province. 43 people were injured by the blasts. 3 members of the same family were killed when a roadside bomb hit their car outside the town of Dujail, 50 miles (80km) north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/27/10)
2010        Dec 27, A Tel Aviv University team excavating a cave in central Israel said teeth found in the cave are about 400,000 years old and resemble those of other remains of modern man, known scientifically as Homo sapiens, found in Israel. The earliest Homo sapiens remains found until now are half as old. The prehistoric Qesem cave was discovered in 2000, and excavations began in 2004.
    (AP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 27, In Italy bomb squad experts defused a package bomb that was delivered to the Greek Embassy in Rome, four days after similar mail bombs exploded at two other embassies, wounding two people.
    (AP, 12/27/10)
2010        Dec 27, In Mexico police in Guerrero state found the remains of three people in a clandestine grave in the town Teloloapan. A police report said the three unknown people were believed to have been killed about four months ago. In the Gulf coast state of Veracruz one policeman was killed, and a local police commander was wounded when a man opened fire on municipal offices in the town of Otatitlan. The Defense Department said troops patrolling the mountainous area of Tamazula, Durango, discovered a cache of weapons and 770 kg (1,697 pounds) of marijuana in 191 bales.
    (AP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 27, Morocco’s interior ministry said security forces have arrested six Moroccans suspected of planning attacks in the country and abroad.
    (Reuters, 12/27/10)
2010        Dec 27, In Pakistan intelligence officials and tribal elders say the Pakistani Taliban have kidnapped 23 tribesmen who recently met the army chief in South Waziristan. Suspected US missiles struck two vehicles in a Taliban stronghold on Pakistan's side of the border with Afghanistan, killing 25 suspected militants.
    (AP, 12/27/10)(SFC, 12/28/10, p.A3)
2010        Dec 27, In the Philippines US Lt. Cmdr. Scintar Buenviaje Mejia (35) died of head injuries after jumping from a second-floor staircase while a security guard escorted him to the bathroom. He was arrested a day earlier with what was thought to be cocaine. Tests later showed the white powder wasn't an illegal drug.
    (AP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 27, In Russia jailed ex-tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky was found guilty of money laundering and theft of billions of dollars at a trial that has renewed doubts about the Kremlin's commitment to the rule of law.
    (Reuters, 12/27/10)
2010        Dec 27, In Serbia a series of explosions damaged the Sloboda ammunition factory in Cacak.
    (Econ, 1/8/11, p.51)
2010        Dec 27, Somali pirates seized a ship with eight crew onboard. The MV EMS River was seized approximately 175 miles (280 km) northeast of the port of Salalah, Oman.
    (AP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 27, Venezuela said it has detained 12,376 people for drug-related crimes this year, about 40 percent more than in 2009.
    (Reuters, 12/28/10)

2011        Dec 27, Sears Holdings Corp. said it will close up to 120 stores in its Kmart and namesake chains, blaming poor sales of consumer electronics so far this holiday season and saying it would focus its energy on its better performing stores.
    (Reuters, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, China announced a cut in its rare earths export quota as it tries to shore up sagging prices for the exotic metals used in mobile phones and other high-tech goods.
    (AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, Colombian FARC rebels announced plans to release six hostages who have been held captive for more than a decade. They included police officers Jorge Trujillo, Jorge Romero and Jose Libardo Forero, who were kidnapped in southern Colombia on July 11, 1999.
    (AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, An Egyptian court ordered the Egyptian army to stop forced virginity tests on female detainees, months after the practice sparked a national outcry and stained the ruling military's reputation.
    (AFP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, Guinea Bissau's army clashed with renegade forces overnight, leaving at least two dead as they combed the capital for suspects after thwarting an alleged coup attempt. Navy Chief Jose Americo Bubo Na Tchuto, who has previously been accused of involvement in coup plans and in the drugs trade, was arrested for plotting a coup. Tchuto and 18 other co-accused were released on June 20, 2012.
    (AFP, 12/27/11)(AFP, 6/21/12)
2011        Dec 27, UN human rights officials in Haiti issued a report accusing the national police department of excessive force, saying there is evidence officers may have killed at least nine people in the capital.
    (AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, Hungarian media officials say two employees, who have been on hunger strike for over two weeks in protest at alleged political meddling with journalists' work in state-funded media, have been fired. The state Media Service Support and Asset Management Fund (MTVA, said that Balazs Nagy Navarro and Aranka Szavuly were dismissed because their fast — in which they have only been ingesting liquids since Dec. 10 — is illegal and a "provocation" of their employer.
    (AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, India and Pakistan tentatively agreed to renew an agreement designed to reduce the risk of an accidental nuclear war.
    (SFC, 12/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 27, In eastern Indonesia mudflows streaming from a volcano killed four villagers and about 1,000 others have fled their homes. Mount Gamalama in the Molucca Islands sprang to life this month with a powerful, non-fatal eruption.
    (AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 27, Iran warned that it would block the Strait of Hormuz if Western powers attempt to impose an embargo on Iranian petroleum exports in their effort to isolate the country over its suspect nuclear energy program.
    (SFC, 12/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 27, In Iraq a car bomb exploded near a police station in the town of Hawija, 150 miles (240 km) north of Baghdad, killing two civilians and injuring another.
    (AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, Israeli strikes overnight killed a Palestinian and wounded 10 others, as the military struck what it described as "global jihad" targets who were planning cross-border attacks on southern Israel from the Egyptian Sinai.
    (AFP, 12/29/11)(AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 27, Kuwait's public prosecutor released 32 stateless people on bail after holding them for nine days for taking part in a protest to demand citizenship.
    (AFP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, Mexican police in the northern state of Nuevo Leon said that information provided by arrested members of a kidnapping gang has led them to at least seven bodies found buried in shallow graves or dumped in a well. The Attorney General's Office said that former regional police security coordinator Herrera Valles, arrested in 2008 for aiding the Sinaloa drug cartel, has been convicted and sentenced to 10 years in prison. Federal police detained one of the United States' most-wanted drug traffickers, Luis Rodriguez Olivera, aka "Blondie," at Mexico City's international airport.
    (AP, 12/27/11)(AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 27, In southern Nigeria attackers threw homemade explosives inside an Islamic school in a predominantly Christian city where some 50 children had gathered for an Arabic class, wounding six pupils and a teacher in Delta state. Gunmen in a late night attack shot dead a three-year-old girl and her parents near the volatile central city of Jos. The attackers were suspected to be Fulani tribesmen, a mostly Muslim group which has been blamed for previous raids on the village.
    (AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 27, The governor of Puerto Rico signed 4 laws that he said will help track suspects and provide aid to crime victims as the island struggles with a record number of killings.
    (AP, 12/27/11)
2011        Dec 27, Somali pirates hijacked the Enrica Ievoli, an Italian ship carrying 15,000 tons of caustic soda from Iran to Turkey. A ransom was paid on April 22, 2012, and the 18 crew members and ship were freed.
    (AP, 5/1/12)
2011        Dec 27, Syria's army suspended days of attacks on the restive city of Homs and began withdrawing its tanks just as Arab League monitors visited the area. The Sudanese head of the mission to Syria, Gen. Mohamed Ahmed Mustafa al-Dabi, was leading the team of at least 12 observers to Homs. Security forces shot dead two people in the Damascus suburb of Douma, one in the southern province of Daraa and one in the northwestern province of Idlib. The Local Coordination Committees (LCC) said 23 people were killed, including six in Homs. A student at Damascus University opened fire with a pistol inside a classroom at the medical department killing one student and wounding four. He was said to be a former anti-regime detainee who had been recently beaten by the pro-regime students, including the one he shot dead.
    (AP, 12/27/11)

2012        Dec 27, In NYC Sunando Sen (46) was shoved in ront of a subway train and crushed to death in Queens. On Dec 30 Erika Menendez (31) was charged in the death. Menendez said she has hated Muslims since Sept. 11 and thought he was one.
    (AP, 12/30/12)
2012        Dec 27, Retired US Gen. H. Norman Schwarzkopf (b.1934) died in Tampa, Fl. He topped an illustrious military career by commanding the US-led international coalition that drove Saddam Hussein's forces out of Kuwait in 1991 but kept a low public profile in controversies over the second Gulf War against Iraq.
    (AP, 12/27/12)
2012        Dec 27, Former Argentine economy minister Felisa Miceli was sentenced to four years in prison for corruption. Miceli was forced to quit in 2007 when a bag of money holding $32,000 was found in her office toilet.
    (AP, 12/27/12)
2012        Dec 27, In Colombia Lorena Henao, the sister of Orlando Henao (d.1998), founder of the Northern Valley drug cartel, was shot to death by gunmen on the outskirts Armenia. 4 suspects were arrested in the attack.
    (SFC, 12/28/12, p.A2)
2012        Dec 27, Egypt's chief prosecutor ordered an investigation into the leaders of the country's opposition after a lawyer accused them of incitement to overthrow the regime of newly elected Islamist President Mohammed Morsi.
    (AP, 12/27/12)
2012        Dec 27, Iranian state TV reported that the country's president has dismissed the health minister after her ministry put out a statement criticizing authorities for not providing money to import medicine.
    (AP, 12/27/12)
2012        Dec 27, Mexican authorities discovered a sophisticated smuggling tunnel, as long as a football field, equipped with electricity and ventilation not far from the Nogales port of entry into Arizona.
    (AP, 12/28/12)
2012        Dec 27, In northwest Pakistan dozens of militants armed with rocket-propelled grenades and automatic weapons attacked two tribal police posts in the town of Darra Adam Khel, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, killing two policemen. 21 other policemen were missing and presumed kidnapped.
    (AP, 12/27/12)
2012        Dec 27, Russian President Vladimir Putin said he will sign a controversial bill barring Americans from adopting Russian children, as the Kremlin's children's rights advocate recommended extending the ban to the rest of the world.
    (AP, 12/27/12)
2012        Dec 27, Russia and Lakhdar Brahimi, UN envoy for Syria, both said that they want to revive a long-shelved peace initiative that would call for a transitional government to run the country until elections can be held.
    (AP, 12/27/12)
2012        Dec 27, In Saudi Arabia a man was killed in clashes with police in an oil-rich eastern region, where the country's Shiite minority has been holding protests against the Sunni ruling monarchy.
    (AP, 12/28/12)
2012        Dec 27, In Thailand leaders of the People's Alliance for Democracy, also known as the Yellow Shirts, were indicted for storming the prime minister's office compound and sealing off Parliament during massive anti-government rallies in 2008 at the height of political turmoil, which left the country deeply divided to this day.
    (AP, 12/27/12)
2012        Dec 27, Vietnamese police detained Le Quoc Quan (41), a well-known dissident lawyer, escalating a crackdown on those who speak out against the country's one-party, authoritarian rule.
    (AP, 12/28/12)

2013        Dec 27, The A&E channel said it is reversing its decision to drop “Duck Dynasty" patriarch Phil Robertson from the show set in Louisiana for his remarks on gays.
    (SFC, 12/28/13, p.A7)
2013        Dec 27, In Los Angeles Sinh Vinh Ngo Nguyen (24) pleaded guilty to federal terrorism charges after admitting that he attempted to assist al-Qaida by providing weapons training in Syria.
    (SFC, 12/28/13, p.A7)
2013        Dec 27, In Colorado the first batch of Denver businesses approved to sell recreational marijuana received their licenses.
    (SFC, 12/28/13, p.A7)
2013        Dec 27, In Afghanistan 3 NATO personnel were killed in a Taliban suicide car bomb attack on a military convoy in Kabul.
    (AFP, 12/27/13)
2013        Dec 27, China’s environment ministry said it will raise standards for the production of cement, batteries, leather and heavy metals as part of its efforts to cut air, water and soil pollution.
    (Reuters, 12/27/13)
2013        Dec 27, A Chinese court in Hunan province sentenced four municipal security officers to prison for a clash that left Deng, a watermelon seller, dead and triggered a public outcry.
    (AP, 12/27/13)
2013        Dec 27, Danish drugmaker Lundbeck said it has received marketing authorization from the European Commission for its antidepressant Brintellix following approval in the United States in September.
    (Reuters, 12/27/13)
2013        Dec 27, In Egypt Muslim Brotherhood supporters and police clashed across the country, leaving at least 5 dead in protests after the army-backed government declared the group a terrorist organization.
    (AP, 12/27/13)
2013        Dec 27, Henri Rechatin (82), aka Henry’s, the celebrated French tightrope walker who balanced above high the Alps, the Grand Canyon and Niagara Falls, died.
    (AP, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 27, In Indonesia Ambar Arianto Mulyo (59), a Bali Hyatt hotel security employee, was strangled to death after he tried to capture a 15-foot python.
    (SFC, 12/28/13, p.A2)
2013        Dec 27, In Iraq violence across the country left six people dead.
    (AP, 12/27/13)
2013        Dec 27, An Israeli official said Israel plans to build 1,400 homes in its settlements in the occupied West Bank and will announce the projects next week after releasing a group of Palestinian prisoners.
    (Reuters, 12/27/13)
2013        Dec 27, In Japan the governor of Okinawa gave the go-ahead for land reclamation to begin for a new US military base, advancing the effort to consolidate the massive US troop presence on the southern Japanese island but also making protests from residents likely.
    (AP, 12/27/13)
2013        Dec 27, In Lebanon a powerful car bomb tore through a business district in the center of Beirut killing Mohammed Chatah (Shatah), a former finance minister and senior aide to former PM Saad Hariri. 7 others were also killed in the blast. Hariri blamed Hezbollah for the assassination. A Lebanese teenager seen posing for a group "selfie" in front of the bomb-laden car moments before it exploded died of his injuries the next day.
    (AP, 12/27/13)(AFP, 12/28/13)(Econ, 1/4/14, p.34)
2013        Dec 27, In Libya 3 gunmen shot to death Maj. Mohammed Faraj al-Ziwi from the military's air defense unit in the al-Salam district of Benghazi.
    (AP, 12/27/13)
2013        Dec 27, In Montenegro an overnight bomb blast shook the offices of the leading daily Vijesti in the latest attack on a newspaper known for its criticism of the authorities under long-term leader Milo Djukanovic.
    (Reuters, 12/27/13)
2013        Dec 27, Morocco and Qatar signed an aid deal worth $1.25 billion, part of a five-year package of financial assistance extended by wealthy Gulf states to the North African kingdom to help it weather 'Arab Spring' protests.
    (Reuters, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 27, Lack of fuel from Israel brought Gaza's lone power plant to a halt, days after it was fired back to life following a seven-week shutdown.
    (AFP, 12/27/13)
2013        Dec 27, Two Russian astronauts began a spacewalk to install cameras and perform other work on the International Space Station. This was the third spacewalk in a week at the orbiting laboratory.
    (AP, 12/27/13)
2013        Dec 27, In Russia at least two people were killed in the explosion of an automobile in Pyatigorsk in the restive North Caucasus region.
    (AP, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 27, An oil platform belonging to Saudi oil giant Aramco sank as it was being used to carry out maintenance work at an oil well in Safaniya. The bodies of 3 Asian workers who went missing were recovered over the next 24 hours.
    (AFP, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 27, In Somalia at least 10 people were killed in an explosion in a restaurant in Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 12/27/13)(SFC, 12/28/13, p.A2)
2013        Dec 27, Regional leaders said South Sudan's government has agreed to end hostilities, at the end of a crisis summit, raising hopes for a potential breakthrough in efforts to cease violence that has displaced more than 120,000 people in the world's newest country. An army spokesman said South Sudanese rebels loyal to former VP Riek Machar have been defeated in Malakal, the capital of major oil producing Upper Nile state, after four days of intense fighting.
    (AP, 12/27/13)(Reuters, 12/27/13)
2013        Dec 27, Syrian state TV and opposition activists say government forces have ambushed members of an al-Qaida-linked group, killing dozens of the Nusra Front rebels near Maaloula, a historic Christian village north of Damascus. A monitoring group said 5 people, including an elderly man, a woman and a disabled man, have died of hunger in a besieged Palestinian refugee camp south of Damascus.
    (AP, 12/27/13)(AFP, 12/27/13)(SFC, 12/28/13, p.A2)
2013        Dec 27, The Thai government appealed to the military to provide security for February elections after violent clashes between police and opposition protesters left two people dead and more than 150 wounded.
    (AFP, 12/27/13)
2013        Dec 27, In Turkey three lawmakers, including a former minister, resigned from the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP). A Turkish court blocked a government attempt to force police to disclose investigations to their superiors.
    (AFP, 12/27/13)(Reuters, 12/27/13)
2013        Dec 27, In Yemen an army tank shelled a funeral tent erected by the Southern Movement at a school in Sanah, Daleh province, killing 19 people, including 4 children.
    (AFP, 12/27/13)(AFP, 12/28/13)

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