Today in History - December 28

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1065        Dec 28, Westminster Abbey opened in London.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1598        Dec 28, Richard and Cuthbert Burbage led a crew to begin the demolition of the Theater in London. They and partners that included William Shakespeare used the timbers to build a new theater. The Globe opened in 1599.
    (ON, 11/03, p.2)

1622        Dec 28, Francois de Sales (55), French bishop of Geneva, writer and saint, died.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1673        Dec 28, Joan Blaeu (77), Dutch cartographer, publisher (Atlas Major), died.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1694        Dec 28, George I of England got divorced. [He was crowned in 1714]
    (HN, 12/28/98)
1694        Dec 28, Queen Mary II (32) of England died after five years of joint rule with her husband, King William III. The new style calendar puts her death on Jan 7, 1695.
    (AP, 12/28/97)

1706        Dec 28, Pierre Bayle (59), French theologist (History of Criticism), died.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1731        Dec 28, Christian Cannabich, German composer and royal chaplain master, was born.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1732        Dec 28, The first Poor Richard's Almanac was published along with the 1st known ad in the Pennsylvania Gazette. The Almanack was published by Richard Saunders (really Ben Franklin).  [see Dec 19]
    (HFA, '96, p.20)(MC, 12/28/01)

1763        Dec 28, John Molson, founder of the Montreal Molson brewery, was born.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1789        Dec 28, Lydia Darrragh (b.1729), American spy, died in Philadelphia. Her exploits in 1777 did not become public until the publication of an anonymous article in 1827.
    (ON, 8/07, p.8)(www.lexidigital.com/bcdarwomen4.htm)

1817        Dec 28, Benjamin Robert Haydon (d.1846), British painter, threw a dinner party in London to show his nearly completed painting “Christ’s Entry Into Jerusalem” and to introduce poet John Keats to William Wordsworth. Other guests included essayist Charles Lamb. In 2002 Penelope Hughes-Hallett authored “The Immortal Dinner.”
    (WSJ, 9/13/02, p.W10)

1821        Dec 28, Gioacchino Rossini moved to Bologna.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1822        Dec 28, William Booth Taliaferro (d.1898), Brig Gen (Confederate Army), was born.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1825        Dec 28, US General James Wilkinson (b.1757) died in Mexico City. He was generally regarded as an American patriot, but historians in the 1850s found evidence that he had worked as a spy on behalf of Spanish officials while serving as governor of the Louisiana Territory (1805-1806).
    (ON, 12/08, p.7)(www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1B1-382718.html)

1831        Dec 28, Samuel Sharp (1801-1832) led a slave uprising that was put down at great cost by the British. The Rebellion lasted for eight days and resulted in the death of around 186 Africans and 14 white planters or overseers. The white vengeance convicted over 750 rebel slaves, of which 138 were sentenced to death.
    (Econ, 2/24/07, p.73)(http://tinyurl.com/3cu2ds)

1832        Dec 28, John C. Calhoun became the first vice president of the United States to resign, stepping down over differences with President Jackson.
    (AP, 12/28/97)

1836        Dec 28, Spain recognized the independence of Mexico.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1846        Dec 28, Iowa became the 29th state to be admitted to the Union.
    (AP, 12/28/97)(HN, 12/28/98)

1848        Dec 28, A 4-man emergency relief party from the Fremont expedition reached the valley of the Rio Grande. On Jan 17 three remaining men met with 4 horsemen including John Fremont, who had found help from Ute Indians.
    (ON, 12/06, p.7)

1849        Dec 28, M. Jolly-Bellin discovered dry-cleaning. He accidentally upset a lamp containing turpentine and oil on his filthy clothing and saw a cleaning effect.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1850        Dec 28, Rangoon, Burma, was destroyed by fire.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1856        Dec 28, Woodrow Wilson, 28th president of the United States (1912-1921), who brought the country into World War I, was born in Staunton, Va. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1919. "The American Revolution was a beginning, not a consummation."
    (AP, 12/28/97)(HN, 12/28/98)(AP, 7/2/99)(MC, 12/28/01)

1859        Dec 28, Thomas Babington Macaulay (b.1800), English essayist, historian and politician, died. He was one of the first to advocate Indian independence, albeit on the grounds of English commercial self interest. In 2012 Zareer Masani authored “Macaulay: Pioneer of India’s Modernization.
    (www.britannica.com)(Econ, 10/30/04, p.48)(Econ, 11/10/12, p.86)

1869        Dec 28, William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patented chewing gum.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1870        Dec 28, Alexey Fyodorovich L'vov (72), composer, died.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1872        Dec 28, A U.S. Army force defeated a group of Apache warriors at Salt River Canyon, Arizona Territory, with 57 Indians killed but only one soldier.
    (HN, 12/28/98)
1872        Dec 28, James Van Ness (b.1808), the 7th mayor of San Francisco (1855-1856), died in San Luis Obispo, Ca.
    (SSFC, 8/25/13, p.G3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Van_Ness)

1877        Dec 28, John Stevens applied for a patent for his flour rolling mill.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1879        Dec 28, The new Tay Bridge in Scotland, opened in 1877 over the Firth of Tay, collapsed during a storm as a train was crossing. Some 75 people were killed.
    (AFP, 5/16/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tay_Rail_Bridge)

1882        Dec 28, Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington, English astronomer who confirmed Einstein's theory of relativity, was born.
    (HN, 12/28/98)

1895        Dec 28, The French Lumiere Brothers showed the first commercial moving pictures in Paris to a small audience of around 40 people. This event is considered to mark the birth of the movie industry.
    (NPR, 12/28/95)

1897        Dec 28, Edmond Rostand’s play on Cyrano de Bergerac (1619-1655), French poet, was unveiled at the Theatre de la Porte-Saint-Martin in Paris. Cyrano’s noted nose was an invention of the poet Theophile Gautier introduced in an 1844 book.
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, DB p.3)(AP, 12/28/97)

1902        Dec 28, Mortimer J. Adler, American philosopher, educator and writer, was born. He helped design the "Great Books" program, which popularized the great ideas of Western civilization in 54 volumes.
    (HN, 12/28/99)

1903        Dec 28, John Von Neuman, Hungarian-born mathematician, was born. He gave to the mathematic community the new axiomatic foundation for set theory and high-speed calculations.
    (HN, 12/28/99)

1904        Dec 28, Farmers in Georgia burned two million bales of cotton to prop up falling prices.
    (HN, 12/28/98)
1904        Dec 28, The 1st daily wireless weather forecasts were published in London.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1908        Dec 28, Some 70,000-100,000 people died in the Messina earthquake in Sicily. The government hired a number of steamships, including the Florida, to ship survivors to America.
    (http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/eqlists/eqsmosde.html)(WUD, 1994, p.899)(WSJ, 2/8/99, p.A21)

1909        Dec 28, The first manned, controlled, powered flight in the whole continent of Africa and the entire southern hemisphere was successfully carried out by the Frenchman Albert Kimmerling (d.6/12/1912) at East London, South Africa using a Voisin bi-plane.
    (http://tinyurl.com/o7cropv)

1912        Dec 28, The SF Mayor James Rolph piloted the city-owned Municipal Railway’s first streetcar. The Geary Street Line, from Geary and 39th to Kearney and Market, was the 1st municipally built railway in the US to compete with the private United Railroads. The double-ended streetcar was built by W.L. Holman Car Co. of SF. Service began the next day.
    (www.streetcar.org/mim/streetcars/fleet/antique/1/index.html)(SSFC, 4/15/07, p.B5)(SFC, 4/14/09, p.B1)

1915        Dec 28, San Francisco Mayor James Rolph Jr. dedicated the "new" $3.5 million City Hall. The French Renaissance Revival building, was designed by Arthur Brown Jr.
    (www.inetours.com/Pages/SFNbrhds/Civic_Center.html)(SFEM,7/28/96, p.38)(SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W4)

1917        Dec 28, The New York Evening Mail published "A Neglected Anniversary," a facetious essay by H. L. Mencken supposedly recounting the history of bathtubs in America. For example, Mencken "claimed" the first American bathtub made its debut in the Cincinnati home of grain dealer Adam Thompson on Dec. 20, 1842, and that the first White House bathtub was installed in 1851 at the order of President Millard Fillmore.
    (AP, 12/28/99)

1919        Dec 28, Johannes Robert Rydberg (b.1854), Swedish physicist, died. He is mainly known for devising the Rydberg formula, in 1888, which is used to predict the wavelengths of photons (of light  and other electromagnetic radiation) emitted by changes in the energy level of an electron  in an hydrogen atom.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Rydberg)

1920        Dec 28, U.S. resumed the deportation of communists and suspected communists.
    (HN, 12/28/00)

1923        Dec 28, George Bernard Shaw's "St. Joan," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/28/01)
1923        Dec 28, Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel (91), engineer (Eiffel Tower, Statue of Liberty), died.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1925        Dec 28, George and Ira Gershwin's musical "Tip-Toes," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1927        Dec 28, George Kaufman and Moss Hart's "Royal Family," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1928        Dec 28, The last recording of Ma Rainey, "Mother of the Blues," was made.
    (MC, 12/28/01)
1928        Dec 28, Louis Armstrong made 78 rpm recording of "West End blues."
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1933        Dec 28, President Franklin D. Roosevelt stated, "The definite policy of the U.S. from now on is one opposed to armed intervention."
    (HN, 12/28/98)

1936        Dec 28, Benito Mussolini sent planes to Spain to support Francisco Franco’s forces.
    (HN, 12/28/98)

1937        Dec 28, Composer Maurice Ravel (62) died in Paris.
    (AP, 12/28/97)(MC, 12/28/01)

1938        Dec 28, Florence Lawrence (b.1890), silent movie film star, committed suicide in Beverly Hills, Ca.
    (ON, 4/06, p.6)(http://cemeteryguide.com/lawrence.html)
1938        Dec 28, France ordered the doubling of forces in Somaliland; two warships were sent.
    (HN, 12/28/98)

1942        Dec 28, Ober Kommando Wehrmacht ordered strategic flights out of the Caucasus.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1944        Dec 28, The Broadway musical “On the Town” was produced on Broadway. The music was composed by Leonard Bernstein while Betty Comden and Adolph Green wrote the book and lyrics. Jerome Robbins did the choreography.
    (WSJ, 8/21/97, p.A12)(AP, 12/28/97)

1945        Dec 28, Congress officially recognized the "Pledge of Allegiance."
    (AP, 12/28/97)
1945        Dec 28, Max Hastings, British editor-in-chief (Daily Telegraph), historian, was born.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1946        Dec 28, The French declared martial law in Vietnam as a full-scale war appeared inevitable.
    (HN, 12/28/00)

1947        Dec 28, Victor Emmanuel (b.1869-1947), also known as Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy (1900-1946), Emperor of Ethiopia (1939-1943) and King of Albania (1939-1943), died.
     (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Emmanuel_III_of_Italy)

1948        Dec 28, Premier Nokrashy Pasha of Egypt was assassinated by a member of the outlawed Moslem Brotherhood because of his failure to achieve victory in the war against Israel.
    (HN, 12/28/98)

1949        Dec 28, 20th Century Fox announced it would produce TV programs.
    (MC, 12/28/01)
1949        Dec 28, Hungary decreed the nationalization of all major industries and announced the start of a 5-year plan.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1188)

1950        Dec 28, Chinese troops crossed the 38th Parallel into South Korea.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1951        Dec 28, The U.S. paid $120,000 to free four fliers convicted of espionage in Hungary.
    (HN, 12/28/98)

1958        Dec 28, At Yankee Stadium the Baltimore Colts beat the NY Giants in the NFL championship game 23-17, after the game went into overtime for the first time. In 2008 Mark Bowden authored “The Best Game Ever: The Birth of the Modern NFL.”
    (WSJ, 6/9/08, p.A15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1958_NFL_Championship_Game)
1958        Dec 28, A Chipmunks song (Alvin, Simon & Theodore with David Seville) hit #1. "The Chipmunk Song" went on to win 3 statues in the Grammys.
    (SFEC, 2/21/99, DB p.38)(SFC, 12/24/99, p.C3)(MC, 12/28/01)

1961        Dec 28, Tennessee Williams' "Night of the Iguana," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1963        Dec 28, Abbott Joseph Liebling (b.1904), American journalist and writer, died. “Freedom of the press is guaranteed only to those who own one.” In 1980 Raymond Sokolov authored the biography “Wayward Reporter.”
    (www.jewishsports.net/BioPages/AbbottJoseph.htm)(SSFC, 11/21/04, p.E3)
1963        Dec 28, Paul Hindemith (b.1895), German composer (Composer's World) and violist, died. His work included “Cardillac.”
    (WUD, 1994, p.672)(WSJ, 8/20/96, p.A8)(MC, 12/28/01)

1964        Dec 28, The principal filming of "Dr Zhivago," began.
    (MC, 12/28/01)

1965        Dec 28, U.S. barred oil sales to Rhodesia (later Zimbabwe).
    (HN, 12/28/98)

1968        Dec 28, The Beatles' "White Album," went #1 in the US, beginning this week, and stayed at the top for 9 weeks.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Beatles_(album))
1968        Dec 28, Israel attacked the Beirut Int’l. Airport, destroying 13 civilian planes. This was in response to an attack on an Israeli airliner in Athens by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1968_Israeli_raid_on_Lebanon)

1969        Dec 28, Neil Simon's "Last of the Red Hot Lovers," premiered in NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Last_of_the_Red_Hot_Lovers)

1971        Dec 28, Maximilian Raoul Walter Steiner (b.1888), Austrian-born American composer, died. He is known best for the score he composed for the classic film “Gone with the Wind” and for the score and hugely popular theme song for the film “A Summer Place.”
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Steiner)

1972        Dec 28, The skeleton of Martin Bormann, Hitler's deputy, was allegedly found in Berlin.
    (MC, 12/28/01)
1972        Dec 28, A North Korean navy ship seized 25 South Korean fishermen aboard two boats. In 2013 Jeon Wook-Pyo, one of the 25, escaped an d made it back to South Korea.
    (AFP, 9/13/13)

1973        Dec 28, Pres. Nixon signed into law the Endangered Species Act. The first list of endangered species contained Gray whales. The Gray whale was removed from the list in 1994 when the population climbed back to about 22,000.
    (PacDis, Fall/’96, p.24)(SFC, 10/2/98, p.A6)(SFC, 12/28/98, p.A1)
1973        Dec 28, Alexander Solzhenitsyn published "Gulag Archipelago," an expose of the Soviet prison system.
    (AP, 12/28/97)

1974        Dec 28, The 6.0 Patan earthquake in Pakistan killed some 5,300 people.
    (http://earthquake.usgs.gov/regional/world/events/1974_12_28.php)

1976         Dec 28, In Albania the People’s Assembly approved a new constitution and the country became a "people's socialist republic."
    (http://bjoerna.dk/dokumentation/Albanian-Constitution-1976.htm)

1980        Dec 28, Mexico ended a bilateral fishing agreement with US in a dispute over tuna.
    (http://eightiesclub.tripod.com/id106.htm)

1981        Dec 28, Elizabeth Jordan Carr, the first American test-tube baby, was born in Norfolk, Va. Dr. Mason Andrews (1919-2006) performed the delivery by cesarean section.
    (AP, 12/28/97)(SFC, 10/16/06, p.B6)

1982        Dec 28, Nevell Johnson Jr., a black man, was mortally wounded by a police officer in a Miami video arcade, setting off 3 days of race-related disturbances that left another man dead.
    (AP, 12/28/97)

1983        Dec 28, Dennis Wilson (b.1944), a founding member of the Beach Boys, died in a swimming accident (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dennis_Wilson).
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, p.D8)

1985        Dec 28, A Syrian sponsored peace agreement was signed in Damascus between warring Lebanese Moslem and Christian leaders.
    (www.lebanese-forces.org/lebanon/agreements/damascus85.htm)

1987        Dec 28, The bodies of 14 relatives of R. Gene Simmons were found at his home near Dover, Ark., following a shooting spree by Simmons in Russellville that claimed two other lives. Simmons was later executed.
    (AP, 12/28/97)

1988        Dec 28, British authorities investigating the explosion that destroyed Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, concluded that a bomb caused the blast aboard the jumbo jet.
    (HN, 12/28/98)

1989        Dec 28, Alexander Dubcek, former Czechoslovak Communist leader deposed in 1968 in a Soviet-led Warsaw Pact invasion, was named chairman of the country's parliament.
    (AP, 12/28/99)

1990        Dec 28, The US government reported that its Index of Leading Indicators plunged 1.2% the previous month, the 5th consecutive monthly drop.
    (AP, 12/28/00)
1990        Dec 28, Two people died in a subway fire in New York City
    (AP, 12/28/00)
1990        Dec 28, 33 people were injured in a trolley collision in Boston.
    (AP, 12/28/00)

1991        Dec 28, Nine people died in a crush to get into a basketball game at City College in New York. The game was promoted by rapper Sean “Puff Daddy” Combs. Combs later testified that security at the Nat Holman facility was supposed to be provided by NYCC.
    (AP, 12/28/97)(SFC, 3/24/98, p.A3)
1991        Dec 28, A 6x8 inch wooden picture of Irene, the Icon of the Greek Orthodox church, was returned, stripped of its jewels, to NYC after being stolen on Dec 23.
    (www.skepticfiles.org/skep2/iconstol.htm)
1991        Dec 28, In Colombia Henry Rojas (36), a correspondent for the Bogota newspaper El Tiempo, was killed in the northeastern city of Arauca after reporting on alleged corruption in the mayor's office and military. Wilson Daza, the soldier who fatally shot Rojas, later pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 20 years in prison in 1995. In 2009 Colombia’s high court ruled that the government is to blame for Rojas’ shooting and ordered it to pay damages to his family.
    (AP, 3/26/09)(www.cidh.oas.org/countryrep/Colombia93eng/chap.9.htm)
1991        Dec 28, Russian President Boris Yeltsin ordered state land privatized as he pushed ahead with his reforms.
    (AP, 12/28/01)

1992        Dec 28, Somalia's two main warlords, Mohamed Farrah Aidid and Ali Mahdi Mohamed, promised an end to their hostilities.
    (AP, 12/28/97)

1993        Dec 28, US Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary told CNN that people wrongfully exposed to radiation through federally funded experiments more than 40 years ago deserved to be compensated.
    (HN, 12/28/98)
1993        Dec 28, Journalist William Shirer, author of "The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich," died in Boston at age 89.
    (HN, 12/28/98)

1994        Dec 28, President Clinton nominated Dan Glickman as agriculture secretary, succeeding Mike Espy.
    (AP, 12/28/99)
1994        Dec 28, CIA Director R. James Woolsey resigned, ending a tenure shadowed by the Aldrich Ames spy scandal.
    (AP, 12/28/99)
1994        Dec 27, Four Roman Catholic priests -- three French and a Belgian -- were shot to death in their rectory in Algiers, a day after French commandos killed four radicals who had hijacked an Air France jet from Algiers to Marseilles.
    (AP, 12/27/99)

1995        Dec 28, President Clinton vetoed a $265 billion defense bill, saying it would waste money on an unneeded missile defense system. Congress failed to override the veto.
    (AP, 12/28/00)
1995        Dec 28, CompuServe obeyed a German order to suspend member access to 200 Internet newsgroups deemed pornographic.
    (AP, 12/28/00)

1996        Dec 28, Leftist rebels in Peru released 20 more hostages, including two ambassadors, from Japan's embassy residence, following the first face-to-face talks between guerrillas and the government's negotiator.
    (SFC, 12/29/96, p.A1)(AP, 12/28/97)

1997        Dec 28, One woman was killed, more than 100 other people hurt, when a United Airlines jumbo jet en route from Tokyo to Honolulu encountered severe turbulence over the Pacific.
    (HN, 12/28/98)
1997        Dec 28, In Medford, Mass., a fire in a 3-story building left 6 people dead including 4 children.
    (SFC,12/30/97, p.A9)
1997        Dec 28, In Algeria assailants cut the heads off a man and his 2 sons in the village of Djelfa. They then kidnapped his wife and 3 young daughters. At Hassi Bahbah an armed group killed a mother and 2 children and left the father in critical condition.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A8)
1997         Dec 28, In Brazil inmates of the prison in Sorocaba took over and held over 600 hostages. They later dropped escape demands and agreed to be transported to less crowded prisons.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A8)
1997        Dec 28, James Lees-Milne (b.1908), British biographer, architectural historian and watercolorist, died. His work included a biography of British politician Harold Nicolson. In 2001 Milne’s "Deep Romantic Chasm: Diaries 1979-1981" was published. The final installment of his diaries, The Milk of Paradise,” was published in 2006. In 2009 Michael Bloch authored “James Lees-Milne: The Life.”
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, DB p.63)(WSJ, 7/1/06, p.P6)(Econ, 11/21/09, p.86)
1997        Dec 28, In Egypt the Health Ministry banned government certified doctors and health workers from performing female circumcision.
    (SFC, 12/29/97, p.A7)

1998        Dec 28, American aircraft patrolling the no-fly zone in Iraq destroyed an air defense site after the battery opened fire on them. President Clinton said there would be no letup in American and British pressure on Saddam Hussein.
    (SFC, 12/29/98, p.A1)(AP, 12/28/99)
1998         Dec 28, In the SF Bay Area fog closed all the major airports and stranded thousands of travelers.
    (WSJ, 12/29/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 28, In Riverside, Ca., Tyisha Miller (19) was killed by a hail of police bullets as she sat in her car with a gun. Her car had some 27 bullet holes. Miller died from bullets to her head and chest with a total of 12 bullets in her body. A coroner's report later said that she was legally drunk with traces of marijuana present. In May, 1999, four police officers were cleared of criminal charges in the killing. The case remained under FBI investigation for civil rights violations. In July officers Paul Bugar (24), Wayne Stewart (26), Daniel Hotard (23) and Michael Alagna( 27) were fired. Sgt. Gregory Preece (38), supervisor of the 4 officers, was told he would be fired July 27. Riverside agreed to pay Miller’s family $3 million in 2000.
    (SFC, 12/30/98, p.A1)(SFC, 1/1/99, p.A5)(SFC, 1/8/99, p.A12)(SFC, 5/7/99, p.A7)(SFC, 7/14/99, p.A3)(SFC, 7/28/99, p.A3)(SFC, 7/27/00, p.A5)
1998        Dec 28, At least 6 sailors were feared dead from a gale that struck off Australia during the Sydney-to-Hobart yacht race. Oracle CEO Larry Ellison skippered the Sayonara to victory.
    (SFC, 12/29/98, p.A1)
1998        Dec 28, In Yemen Islamic militants kidnapped 16 Western tourists. The demanded the release of Saleh Haidara al-Atwi and another top militant arrested 2 weeks ago.
    (SFC, 12/29/98, p.A8)

1999        Dec 28, Officials in Seattle canceled a public New Year's Eve celebration due to security concerns.
    (SFC, 12/29/99, p.A3)
1999        Dec 28, The death toll from storms across Western Europe reached 120.
    (SFC, 12/29/99, p.A12)
1999        Dec 28, Clayton Moore, TV star of the Lone Ranger series, died at age 85. His 169 [221] episodes ran from 1949-1957, featured Jay Silverheels as Tonto and Fred Foy as the announcer: "Return with us now to those thrilling days of yesteryear…" His 1996 autobiography was titled "I Was That Masked Man."
    (SFC, 12/29/99, p.A1,11)

2000        Dec 28, Pres.-elect Bush picked Donald Rumsfeld (68) as Sec. of Defense. Rumsfeld had served in the same position under Pres. Ford.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A3)
2000        Dec 28, The US FCC approved 255 applications nationwide for low-watt FM radio stations.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A5)
2000        Dec 28, US 2000 census results set the population at 281,421,906, a gain of 13.2% since 1990. In 2003 the Bureau said it over-counted by some 1.3 million.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/13/03, p.A1)
2000        Dec 28, GE Capital Corp. announced the closure of Montgomery Ward & Co. following 128 years of retail operations.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 28, In the US recent bad weather was blamed for 41 deaths: including 22 in Texas and 11 in Oklahoma.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A6)
2000        Dec 28, In Argentina government officials announced plans to spend $20 billion on public works programs.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.B5)
2000        Dec 28, In Burundi Hutu rebels ambushed a commuter bus outside Bujumbura and killed 20 passengers.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A10)
2000        Dec 28, In Ghana runoff elections were held with sporadic violence. John Agyekum Kuffour won with 56.7% of the vote.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.B3)(SFC, 12/31/00, p.B9)
2000        Dec 28, Iran and Russia announced an expanded military and security partnership.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A18)
2000        Dec 28, In Israel bombs exploded in Tel Aviv and Gaza shortly after a peace summit was cancelled. 2 Israeli soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A1)
2000        Dec 28, In Mexico the Congress voted to register millions of 2nd hand vehicles imported illegally in past years.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.B3)
2000        Dec 28, In Sri Lanka a cyclone hit and killed 8 people.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.B5)

2001        Dec 28, A WSJ editorial pointed out how the IMF systematically impoverished foreigners and suggested how it might promote growth.
    (WSJ, 12/28/01, p.A16)
2001        Dec 28, The US consumer confidence index rose to 93.7% from 84.9% in Nov, the 1st gain in 6 months.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 28, The FDA informed ImClone Corp. that its application for the cancer drug Erbitux would not be accepted. The stock had fallen 8.4% the previous day and sellers included Martha Stewart (3,928 shrs), and ImClone insiders including Sam Waksal and family members.
    (WSJ, 6/19/02, p.A8)
2001        Dec 28, Buffalo, NY, dug out from a 5-day storm that left nearly 7 feet of snow.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A6)
2001        Dec 28, In Pennsylvania a 30-50 car crash on snow-slickened I-80 left 5 people dead near Williamsport. Another 50 cars were involved in 2 pileups that left at least 2 people dead.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A6)
2001        Dec 28, Lawrence Singleton (74), rapist, died at a Florida prison hospital where he was awaiting execution for a 1997 murder. Singleton had raped Mary Vincent (15) in 1978 and chopped off her forearms. He was paroled in 1987.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A1)
2001        Dec 28, Gen. Mohammad Fahim, Afghanistan’s new defense minister, called for an end to US bombing. Meanwhile al Qaeda remnants in the Tora Bora region fired missiles at a joint Afghan-American command base.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A16)
2001        Dec 28, In Argentina thousands of people flooded banks as the government eased a 5-day bank holiday. Demonstrations ensued and riot police used rubber bullets and tear gas to quell violence at the Government House known as Casa Rosada.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A5)
2001        Dec 28, In Australia bush fires reached within 12 miles of Sidney. Some 150 home were already destroyed by over 100 fires across new South Wales. 80% of the Royal National Park had burned. A number of blazes were due to arson, and 3 teenagers and 2 men had been arrested.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 28, The EU expanded its list of terrorist organizations to include Irish, Basque, Greek and Middle Eastern extremist groups.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A11)
2001        Dec 28, Israeli troops killed a suspected Palestinian bomber in the Gaza Strip. The blockade of Bethlehem was eased. The body of a Jewish settler, missing for over a week, was found in a West Bank cave near the village of Jaba.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 28, Japan’s Nikkei closed at its lowest year-end mark since 1983: 10,542.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.B1)
2001        Dec 28, Pakistan arrested some 50 leading members of 2 Islamic militant groups: Lashkar-e-Tayyaba and Jaish-e-Mahammed.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A1)

2002        Dec 28, US federal unemployment benefits ended for nearly 800,000.
    (SFC, 12/28/02, p.A5)
2002        Dec 28, In Yerevan, Armenia, Tigran Nagdalian, chief of the leading TV station was shot and killed. In October, Mark Grigorian, deputy head of the Caucasus Institute for Mass Media, suffered lung and head injuries in a grenade attack.
    (AP, 12/29/02)
2002        Dec 28, Iraq delivered a list to UN officials naming over 500 scientists who have worked on nuclear, chemical, biological and missile programs.
    (AP, 12/28/02)
2002        Dec 28, Israeli troops clashed with Palestinian university students, a day after four Israelis died in a Palestinian attack on Jewish seminary students.
    (AP, 12/28/02)
2002        Dec 28, Libyan soldiers ended a yearlong deployment to protect the Central African Republic government against a string of coup attempts. They were to be replaced by troops from Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Gabon and Mali.
    (AP, 12/31/02)
2002        Dec 28, The U.N. nuclear agency said its inspectors would leave North Korea early next week after the communist state said it would expel them and press on with its nuclear plans.
    (Reuters, 12/28/02)
2002        Dec 28, In Yemen a gunman shot and killed Jarallah Omar, a senior politician, after Omar spoke as a guest at an Islamic party's congress at San'a.
    (AP, 12/28/02)

2003        Dec 28, A motorhome carrying 10 people went off I-15 near SLC, Utah, and 5 people were killed including 4 children.
    (SFC, 12/29/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 28, Five Afghan security officials were killed in Kabul when a suicide bomber they had detained blew himself up.
    (Reuters, 12/28/03)
2003        Dec 28, Guatemala's presidential polls opened in a runoff featuring a former Guatemala City mayor popular with the country's elite facing an engineer backed by former leftist rebels.
    (AP, 12/28/03)
2003        Dec 28, A roadside bomb killed an American soldier and two Iraqi children in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/28/03)
2003        Dec 28, In Serbia parliamentary elections Slobodan Milosevic and Vojislav Seselj, along as well as 2 others indicted for war crimes, contended for seats.
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A18)

2004        Dec 28, The US Agency for International Development said it was adding 20 million dollars to an initial 15 million-dollar contribution for Asian tsunami relief as Secretary of State Colin Powell bristled at a UN official's suggestion the United States was being "stingy."
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2004        Dec 28, The death toll from the Dec 26 earthquake-tsunami catastrophe rose to more than 55,000.
    (AP, 12/28/04)
2004        Dec 28, The US FDA approved a new drug for severe pain to be marketed by Elan as Prialt. It was part of a new class known as N-type calcium channel blockers.
    (SFC, 12/29/04, p.A5)
2004        Dec 28, Jerry Orbach (b.1935), actor, died of prostate cancer. He played a sardonic, seen-it-all cop on TV's "Law & Order" and scored on Broadway as a song-and-dance man.
    (AP, 12/29/04)(SFC, 12/30/04, p.A2)
2004        Dec 28, Susan Sontag (71), writer, filmmaker and social critic, died of leukemia in NYC. Her 17 books included “Against Interpretation, and Other Essays.” In 2011 Sigrid Nunez authored “A Memoir of Susan Sontag.”
    (SFC, 12/29/04, p.A1)(Econ, 1/8/05, p.77)(SSFC, 4/3/11, p.G1)
2004        Dec 28, Albania, Bulgaria and Macedonia gave political support to a $1.2 billion private trans-Balkan pipeline that will allow Russian and Caspian crude oil to avoid Turkish waters.
    (WSJ, 12/29/04, p.A7)
2004        Dec 28, In Colombia police captured a reputed leader of the Norte del Valle drug cartel.
    (AP, 12/28/04)
2004        Dec 28, Haiti’s government agreed to give 10 years back pay to rebel soldiers, who helped overthrow Aristide, in a bid to end their insurrection.
    (WSJ, 12/29/04, p.A1)
2004        Dec 28, India and Pakistan concluded a 2-day dialogue on their dispute over Kashmir.
    (SFC, 12/29/04, p.A3)
2004        Dec 28, Insurgents launched multiple attacks on Iraqi police across the dangerous Sunni Triangle, killing at least 33 police officers and national guardsmen. 12 of the policemen near Tikrit had their throats slit.
    (AP, 12/28/04)(SFC, 12/29/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/29/04, p.A1)
2004        Dec 28, Insurgents lured police to a house in west Baghdad with an anonymous tip about a rebel hideout, then set off explosives, killing at least 29 people and wounding 18.
    (AP, 12/29/04)(SFC, 12/29/04, p.A1)
2004        Dec 28, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's plan to withdraw from the Gaza Strip suffered a setback after a parliamentary committee failed to approve a set of guidelines for dealing with Jewish settlers in the evacuation.
    (AP, 12/28/04)
2004        Dec 28, In Saudi Arabia security forces killed three suspected militants in a raid on their hideout in Riyadh.
    (AP, 12/29/04)
2004        Dec 28, The Spanish government has reached an agreement with unions and employers to raise the minimum monthly wage by 4.5% to euro512.90 ($699) on Jan. 1.
    (AP, 12/28/04)

2005        Dec 28, US officials said the number of indictments for bilking victims of Hurricane Katrina has grown to 49 at a Bakersfield, California, call center used by the Red Cross.
    (WSJ, 12/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 28, Richard Causey (45), former accounting chief for Enron Corp., pleaded guilty to criminal conduct preceding the company’s collapse into bankruptcy.
    (SFC, 12/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 28, In Cleveland an immigration judge renewed the order that John Demjanjuk (85), a retired auto worker accused of being a Nazi concentration camp guard at Sobibor in Poland (1943), be deported to his native Ukraine. Demjanjuk appealed the deportation order. In 2009 Demjanjuk was set to be deported to stand murder charges in Munich, Germany, but won a last minute stay on his 89th birthday. The stay was revoked a few days later.
    (SFC, 12/29/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/29/05, p.A1)(SFC, 4/4/09, p.A6)(SFC, 4/7/09, p.A6)
2005        Dec 28, Firefighters searched for missing people and hoped for cooler, calmer weather after deadly wildfires raced across thousands of acres of grassland in Texas and Oklahoma. Fires due to the worst drought in decades destroyed dozens of homes.
    (AP, 12/28/05)(WSJ, 12/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 28, Patrick Cranshaw (86), who achieved cult-like status as fraternity brother "Blue" in the 2003 comedy "Old School," died in Texas.
    (AP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 28, A remote-control bomb exploded on a mountainous road in eastern Afghanistan, killing one US service member and wounding two.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Australian investment bank Macquarie Bank Ltd. said it had bought an 81 percent interest in two Canadian healthcare projects, nine months after acquiring a Canadian aged care housing provider.
    (Reuters, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Jamaat Islami Bangladesh, the main Islamic partner of Bangladesh's coalition government, staged a huge rally (some 100,000) in the capital Dhaka to rebut opposition claims that it supports Muslim militants.
    (AFP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Officials said UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan has nominated Serge Brammertz, a Belgian prosecutor, to lead the next stage of a probe into the assassination of former Lebanese PM Rafik Hariri.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Rebellious inmates at a prison in Brazil's remote Amazon jungle ended a four-day uprising and released more than 200 hostages after authorities met their principal demand by returning one of their leaders from another prison.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Chilean police took fingerprints and mugs shots of Gen. Augusto Pinochet following his indictment for the killing and disappearance of 9 dissidents during his dictatorship.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Two members of a secretive German colony in Chile were indicted on abuse allegations in connection with the alleged torture of eight children.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Police blocked a Chinese family from holding a news conference in Beijing to publicize complaints of police brutality in their village. The Fengs and a fellow villager complained that police in Xiong County, 50 miles from Beijing in Hebei province, beat two of them and refused to pursue complaints of rape and assault.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, In China 17 coal miners working at the Fanjiasi mine in Dianwan town, Zuoyun county, were trapped by flooding. On Dec 31 eight were confirmed dead.
    (AFP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 28, A group of 131 detained Ethiopian opposition figures and journalists refused en masse to plead on treason and other serious charges.
    (AFP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, The EU launched the first satellite in its Galileo navigation program, which officials expect one day will end the continent's reliance on the US Global Positioning System. A Soyuz rocket, launched from Baikonur, Kazakhstan, carried the 1st of an expected 30 satellites.
    (AP, 12/28/05)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.53)
2005        Dec 28, The German state of Bavaria banned the Multi-Kultur-Haus (MKH) association,  a radical Islamist group, saying materials seized from its offices urged Muslims to murder Jews and Christians.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, In Bangalore, India, gunmen fired toward a crowd outside a leading science institute, killing a retired professor and wounding four other people. On Dec 17, 2011, six people were convicted for their involvement in the shooting.
    (AP, 12/28/05)(AP, 12/17/11)                                                                        
2005        Dec 28, A bus collided with a truck on a highway in western India and burst into flames, killing at least 30 people.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, An inmate in a Baghdad prison grabbed an assault rifle from a guard and opened fire. 9 Iraqis died in a failed jailbreak after storming the armory at a high-security prison.
    (AP, 12/28/05)(AFP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 28, Israeli jets blasted a Palestinian militant group's base a few miles outside Beirut, hours after rockets fired from Lebanon hit a northern Israeli border town.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Japanese harpooners slipped away from Greenpeace anti-whaling activists under cover of a storm in the Southern Ocean off Antarctica. Greenpeace vessels stuck with the Japanese whaling fleet's mother ship.
    (AFP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Dozens of masked Palestinian gunmen took over election offices in the Gaza Strip, exchanging fire with police and demanding spaces for the ruling Fatah Party's military wing on a list for Jan. 25 parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Russia’s parliament concluded the local officials contributed to the Sep 3, 2004, death toll in Beslan in contradiction to a prosecutor’s report the previous day.
    (WSJ, 12/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 28, Saudi police shot dead a militant on Saudi Arabia's most-wanted list, the second major terror suspect to die in the country in 24 hours.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, Sudan denied Chadian accusations it was supporting dissidents trying to oust Pres. Idriss Deby and said an African Union summit would go ahead in Khartoum in January.
    (Reuters, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, The head of Turkey’s broadcasting board said Turkish TV stations will be allowed to broadcast programs in Kurdish and other minority languages beginning next month.
    (SFC, 12/29/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 28, Uzbekistan's highest court sentenced 11 policemen, soldiers and prison doctors to up to 11 years in prison in connection with the May uprising in the eastern city of Andijan.
    (AP, 12/29/05)
2005        Dec 28, Armed men kidnapped a former German diplomat and his family touring the mountains of eastern Yemen and pressed the Yemeni government for the release of jailed members of their tribe.
    (AP, 12/28/05)
2005        Dec 28, In Yemen a mountain avalanche swept away 23 houses in the tiny village of  Dhafeer, killing at least 56 people.
    (AP, 12/31/05)

2006        Dec 28, President Bush worked nearly three hours at his Texas ranch to design a new US policy in Iraq as Saddam Hussein's lawyer made a last-ditch effort to impede his client's execution.
    (AP, 12/28/07)
2006        Dec 28, A delegation of six US senators led by incoming Majority Leader Harry Reid met with Bolivian President Evo Morales, seeking to smooth relations with the South American country's left-leaning government.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 28, Senators of the US Virgin Islands passed Act 6905 in a special session. It raised the governor’s salary from $80,000 to $150,000 and senators’ salaries from $65,000 to $80,000. The average income on St. Croix was $26, 548.
    (WSJ, 1/13/07, p.A14)
2006        Dec 28, In Brazil at least 18 people were killed in gang attacks on buses and police posts in Rio de Janeiro.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, Four men accused of organizing and participating in the Rwandan genocide in 1994 were arrested in Britain on warrants issued by the Rwandan government.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 28, Vital Kamerhe, an advisor to President Joseph Kabila, was named head of the Democratic Republic of Congo's new National Assembly, in a ballot that saw presidential allies sweep key parliamentary posts.
    (Reuters, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 28, Ecuador’s President-elect Rafael Correa appointed seven women to his Cabinet, including the country’s first female defense minister, saying he wanted to promote gender equality.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, Guyana police said they had shot and killed Neil Bovell (37), the country's most wanted fugitive after he refused to surrender when they tracked him to his father's house in Georgetown.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 28, The Tri Star I, a passenger ferry, capsized in rough waters off Indonesia’s coast of Sumatra, leaving one dead and 36 missing.
    (AP, 12/29/06)
2006        Dec 28, Israeli security officials said Egypt has sent a large shipment of weapons through Israeli territory to shore up forces loyal to the embattled Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, an extraordinary show of support by both countries for his efforts to renew peacemaking with Israel.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, In Indian Kashmir 9 people including five Islamic rebels were killed and 10 injured in separate incidents over the last 2 days.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, Italy’s PM Romano Prodi vowed to deliver "shock therapy" to spur growth in Italy after years of a sluggish economy, outlining an ambitious 2007 agenda he hopes will reverse his decline in popularity.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, Tallies by government agencies, humanitarian groups and The Associated Press said more than 1,000 Lebanese civilians and combatants died during the summer war between Israel's army and Hezbollah guerrillas.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, In central Mexico a passenger bus collided with a freight train, killing 22 people.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, Nearly 3 million Muslims from around the world, chanting and raising their hands to heaven, marched through a desert valley outside Mecca on the first day of the annual hajj pilgrimage.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, Somali government troops rolled into Mogadishu unopposed, the prime minister said, hours after an Islamic movement that tried to establish a government based on the Quran abandoned the capital.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, Togo became one of few African countries to legalize abortion if the pregnancy is the result of rape or an incestuous relationship.
    (Reuters, 12/28/06)
2006        Dec 28, Zimbabwean police said they had arrested at least 16,000 suspected gold panners and seized more than three kilogram’s of gold in a sweeping crackdown on illegal miners. The operation, codenamed "Chikorokoza Chapera" (The End of Illegal Gold Dealings), was launched last month.
    (AFP, 12/28/06)

2007        Dec 28, Azerbaijan's president issued a decree granting amnesty to 119 prison inmates, including several journalists whose convictions drew protests from international rights groups.
    (AP, 12/28/07)
2007        Dec 28, In Chad 6 French aid workers sentenced to eight years' forced labor for trying to kidnap 103 children left for France, boarding a plane in handcuffs as security officers looked on.
    (AP, 12/28/07)
2007        Dec 28, China and Japan made no major breakthroughs in resolving a row over natural resources in the East China Sea, but a visit by Japanese PM Yasuo Fukuda signaled a new warmth in bilateral relations.
    (AP, 12/28/07)
2007        Dec 28, Sun Daolin (b.1921), Chinese actor and director, died in Shanghai. He appeared in over 100 movies and plays during a career that was interrupted by the Cultural Revolution, when he was sent to work in the countryside for 6 years.
    (SFC, 1/5/08, p.B3)
2007        Dec 28, Iran received the second shipment of nuclear fuel from Russia for a power plant being constructed in the southern Iranian town of Bushehr.
    (AP, 12/28/07)
2007        Dec 28, A car bomb detonated in a busy Baghdad market killing at least 14 people and ending what had been a relatively quiet holiday period in the Iraqi capital. The US military said it had killed four gunmen tied to al-Qaida in Iraq in an operation near Muqdadiyah in Diyala. Another was killed in a predominantly Sunni area south of Baghdad. 2 senior insurgents linked to al-Qaida were arrested. Ahmed Turky Abbas, the "defense minister" of the Islamic State of Iraq, an al-Qaida front group, was arrested in a village near Mahmoudiya, about 20 miles south of Baghdad. In Latifiyah the Iraqi army arrested Hussein Ali Turky, considered a local religious leader for al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (AP, 12/28/07)(AP, 12/29/07)
2007        Dec 28, Unknown assailants fatally shot two Israeli settlers hiking in the West Bank. The attack followed an Israeli operation overnight in which troops killed a bodyguard for the Palestinians' chief negotiator.
    (AP, 12/28/07)
2007        Dec 28, Nepal's parliament voted in favor of abolishing the centuries-old monarchy and turning this Himalayan nation into a republic.
    (AP, 12/28/07)
2007        Dec 28, In Pakistan hundreds of thousands of mourners, weeping and chanting for justice, thronged the mausoleum of Pakistan's most famous political dynasty in a raw outpouring of grief for Benazir Bhutto. The government blamed al-Qaida and the Taliban for the assassination of the opposition leader, who was buried alongside her father. Furious supporters rampaged through several cities in violence that left at least 23 dead. The government said that Benazir Bhutto was not killed by gunshots or shrapnel as originally claimed but by a skull fracture suffered when her head slammed against her car during a suicide attack. A transcript released by the Pakistani government of a purported conversation between militant leader Baitullah Mehsud, who is referred to as Emir Sahib, and another man identified as a Maulvi Sahib, or Mr. Cleric. The government alleges the intercepted conversation proves al-Qaida was behind the assassination of Benazir Bhutto.
    (AP, 12/28/07)(AP, 12/29/07)
2007        Dec 28, Serigne Saliou Mbacke (92), Senegal's spiritual leader, died. Mbacke was the leader of the Mourides, the most powerful Muslim brotherhood in Senegal, and his image was ever-present in the homes of his millions of followers.
    (AP, 12/29/07)
2007        Dec 28, Jacob Zuma (65), the newly elected leader of South Africa's ruling party, was ordered to stand trial on corruption and other charges next year, raising doubts about whether the party would back his candidacy for the 2009 presidential election.
    (AP, 12/29/07)
2007        Dec 28, Tanzania's ambassador to South Africa and his wife were attacked by armed robbers at a farewell dinner hosted for them in the capital Pretoria.
    (AFP, 12/29/07)
2007        Dec 28, South Korea's parliament voted to extend the country's troop deployment in Iraq for another year, amid protests by activists opposed to the decision. South Korea has 650 troops in Iraq.
    (AP, 12/28/07)
2007        Dec 28, Taiwan's High Court cleared opposition presidential candidate Ma Ying-jeou of graft charges, securing a place for the former Taipei mayor in the March presidential race.
    (AP, 12/28/07)
2007        Dec 28, In Zimbabwe junior doctors and nurses at major state hospitals went on strike to press for higher pay and improved working conditions.
    (AFP, 12/30/07)

2008        Dec 28, In Michigan strong winds knocked down tree limbs and power lines eliminating power to nearly 230,000 homes and businesses, mostly in Wayne and Oakland counties.
    (AP, 12/29/08)
2008        Dec 28, Thomas Boklund (b.1939), former head of Oregon Steel Mills Inc., died. In 2007 the company merged with Russia’s Evraz Group SA in a deal valued at $2.35 billion.
    (WSJ, 1/31/09, p.A4)
2008        Dec 28, In Afghanistan 14 children were among 20 Afghans killed in new extremist attacks in Khost province. A remote-controlled bomb exploded outside a music shop in the southern town of Tirin Kot, killing one person and wounding two.
    (AFP, 12/28/08)
2008        Dec 28, In northern Bangladesh a truck loaded with iron rods veered off a road, killing 24 hitchhikers riding in the back and injuring 13 others.
    (AP, 12/28/08)
2008        Dec 28, In Canada eight snowmobilers were killed as they were hit by a pair of avalanches in southeast British Columbia. 3 men survived.
    (AP, 12/30/08)(AP, 12/31/08)
2008        Dec 28, Ghanaians turned out to choose a successor to outgoing president John Kufuor in the second round of an election seen as a test of just how stable the west African nation is. Opposition leader John Atta Mills won Ghana's presidential ballot by less than half a percentage point. He inherited a fiscal deficit of 14.5%.
    (AP, 12/28/08)(AP, 12/29/08)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.36)
2008        Dec 28, Coup leaders demoted Guinea's many military generals, setting up a possible struggle with battalions no longer under central command.
    (AP, 12/29/08)
2008        Dec 28, Indian PM Manmohan Singh called the higher than expected turnout in elections in disputed Kashmir a "vote for democracy," as results showed no one party dominated the polls.
    (AP, 12/28/08)
2008        Dec 28, Iran's supreme leader issued a religious decree that said anyone killed while defending Palestinians in Gaza would be considered a martyr.
    (AP, 12/29/08)
2008        Dec 28, In Iraq a suicide bomber on a bicycle blew himself up amid a crowd of demonstrators in Mosul, who were protesting Israel's airstrikes on Gaza. One demonstrator was killed with 16 others wounded. A bomb exploded on the outskirts of Fallujah, killing two civilians and wounding four others. A roadside bomb killed a US soldier in Baghdad’s Sadr City.
    (AP, 12/28/08)(SFC, 12/29/08, p.A12)
2008        Dec 28, Israeli warplanes pressing one of Israel's deadliest assaults ever on Palestinian militants dropped bombs and missiles on a top security installation, smuggling tunnels and dozens of other targets across Hamas-ruled Gaza. Some 280 Palestinians died in the first 24 hours of the campaign against Gaza rocket squads. Prisoners fled Gaza's central prison after it was damaged by an Israeli airstrike. 17 of them were later numbered among 32 dead in extra-judicial killings by Hamas.
    (AP, 12/28/08)(AP, 2/14/09)
2008        Dec 28, In Jamaica Vincent Ford (68), songwriter, died. He is credited with composing the Bob Marley reggae classic "No Woman, No Cry” (1974).
    (AP, 12/31/08)
2008        Dec 28, Kuwait decided to scrap a deal to form a $17.4 billion petrochemical joint venture with US company Dow Chemical.
    (Reuters, 12/29/08)
2008        Dec 28, Malaysia reported that it is zooming in on forests with a satellite in order to fight illegal logging, which its government says is harming the major timber exporting country.
    (AFP, 12/28/08)
2008        Dec 28, In Mexico 7 people were killed in a series of shootings in the border city of Tijuana over the last 2 days.
    (AP, 12/28/08)   
2008        Dec 28, In northwest Pakistan 36 people were killed and 15 hurt in a suspected suicide car bomb attack in Shalbandi, in the Swat valley, where villagers 4 months earlier had killed 6 Taliban fighters.
    (AFP, 12/28/08)(SFC, 12/29/08, p.A11)
2008        Dec 28, In Sri Lanka a suspected Tamil rebel suicide bomber killed at least seven troops and one civilian in a blast at a guard post near the Sri Lankan capital. Another 17 people, including four civilians, were wounded.
    (AP, 12/28/08)
2008        Dec 28, In Thailand thousands of supporters of exiled former PM Thaksin Shinawatra began converging on Parliament, vowing to stage demonstrations until the new government holds elections.
    (AP, 12/28/08)
2008        Dec 28, The UN Security Council has issued a statement expressing serious concern at the escalating violence in Gaza and is calling on Israel and the Palestinians to immediately halt all military activities.
    (AP, 12/28/08)
2008        Dec 28, Zimbabwe’s state media said the government will prosecute 140 white landowners on charges of failing to vacate their farms under the country's controversial 2000 land reform program.
    (AP, 12/28/08)

2009        Dec 28, In Oakland, Ca., Dreshawn Lee lured Gary Jackson to the corner of 51st Ave. and Int’l. Blvd. and sprayed him with gunfire from an AK-47 assault rifle. Jackson, working as a security guard, had earlier identified Lee for carrying a sawed-off shotgun near a taco truck. In 2011 Lee was sentenced to 65 years in prison for gunning down Jackson.
    {SF Bay Area, Murder, USA}
    (SFC, 12/21/11, p.C3)
2009        Dec 28, In Mississippi a fire in an apartment in Starkville killed 6 children and 3 adults.
    (SFC, 12/29/09, p.A8)
2009        Dec 28, In northern Nevada federal officials began a 2-month roundup of some 2,500 wild horses due to overpopulation. Federal managers on Feb 5 said the roundup was completed with 1,922 mustangs removed from the Calico Mountains Complex. 86 horses died in the government roundup, mostly from stress and trauma.
    (SFC, 12/29/09, p.A8)(SFC, 2/6/10, p.A6)(SFC, 4/20/10, p.A6)
2009        Dec 28, In Afghanistan 5 people died in an explosion inside a house where militants were making homemade explosives near Khost city. In the north 6 militants were killed and 8 wounded in a clash with Afghan forces in Old Baghlan town. Two Afghan National Army soldiers and a member of the Afghan National Police also were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 12/29/09)
2009        Dec 28, In Argentina two men succeeded in becoming Latin America's first same-sex married couple. Gay rights activists Jose Maria Di Bello (41) and Alex Freyre (39) took their civil ceremony to the capital of Argentina's Tierra del Fuego province, where a sympathetic governor backed their bid to make Latin American history.
    (AP, 12/29/09)
2009        Dec 28, Chinese authorities started administering health checks on all children living near a battery factory in the south of the country and closed the plant after more than 40 children were found with lead poisoning.
    (AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 28, Chinese state media reported that a coal mine explosion has killed 12 people in northern China, while five other miners were killed and six trapped in an accident in the southwest of the country.
    (AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 28, Iranian security forces rounded up at least seven prominent activists, stepping up a crackdown on the country's pro-reform movement a day after eight people, including the nephew of the chief opposition leader, were killed in anti-government protests. Journalist Emadeddin Baghi was among those arrested. In July, 2010, he was sentenced to a year in prison and banned from political activities for five years.
    (AP, 12/28/09)(AFP, 7/26/10)
2009        Dec 28, An Iraqi government official said around 40 Iranians held in an Iraqi prison in Nasiriyah are on a hunger strike to demand meetings with Iranian officials about their cases. The prisoners were convicted of illegally crossing the border to commit terrorist acts and were sentenced to between five and seven years behind bars.
    (AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 28, Israel said that it will build nearly 700 new apartments in east Jerusalem, drawing tough criticism from both the Palestinians and the United States, which denounced the plan as an obstacle to peacemaking.
    (AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 28, In central Kenya poachers killed an endangered southern white rhino in a privately owned ranch and cut off its horns. Wildlife Service rangers tracked down the suspected poachers and suspected buyers on Dec 3 and caught them with two rhino horns weighing more than 7 kg (16 pounds) and 647,000 Kenyan shillings ($8,500) in cash. 12 suspects, all of them Kenyans, were arrested as other suspects escaped.
    (AP, 1/4/10)
2009        Dec 28, New Zealand’s supermaxi Alfa Romeo yacht was first across the finish line in the Sydney to Hobart ocean race, ending a four-year winning streak by Australian favorite Wild Oats XI.
    (AFP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 28, In Niger unidentified gunmen in the remote western desert shot dead 3 tourists from Saudi Arabia.
    (SFC, 12/29/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 28, In northern Nigeria fighting between Islamic militants and security forces in Bauchi state left at least 70 people dead as Kala Kato sect members armed with spears and arrows ransacked a neighborhood and set homes ablaze.
    (AP, 12/29/09)(AFP, 12/30/09)(Econ, 1/30/10, p.56)
2009        Dec 28, In Pakistan a suicide bomber in Karachi targeted Pakistan's largest procession of Shiite Muslims on their holiest day, killing 44 people and wounding dozens more in defiance of a major security crackdown. In Pakistan-administered Kashmir a suicide bomber attacked a Shiite procession in Muzaffarabad, killing 8 people and wounding another 80.
    (AFP, 12/28/09)(AP, 1/1/10)(AP, 1/6/10)
2009        Dec 28, Slovakia said that Russia had warned it might halt oil supplies through Ukraine to three European Union countries over a price dispute.
    (AFP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 28, Somali pirates seized the UK-flagged chemical tanker St James Park, the first merchant vessel to be hijacked there in nearly six months. 3 hours later the Navios Apollon, a Panamanian-flagged carrier with 19 crew members, was seized by pirates 370km east of the Seychelles, over 1,300km from Somalia. A ransom for the Navios Apollon was dropped to the ship on Feb 27, 2010.
    (AP, 12/29/09)(Econ, 1/9/10, p.47)(AP, 2/27/10)
2009        Dec 28, Police in Suriname arrested 15 more suspects as they searched for anti-migrant rioters accused of rape, arson and looting in an explosion of violence that sent hundreds fleeing for their lives from a border town.
    (AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 28, Thailand sent army troops with shields and batons to evict more than 4,000 ethnic Hmong asylum-seekers and send them back to Laos despite strong objections from the US and rights groups who fear they will face persecution.
    (AP, 12/28/09)
2009        Dec 28, A Vietnamese court convicted Tran Anh Kim (60), a former army officer who had pressed for democratic reforms of subversion, and sentenced him to 5.5 years in prison. Kim was accused of "working to overthrow the state" by joining the Democratic Party of Vietnam, publishing pro-democracy articles on the Internet, and joining Bloc 8406, an organization that promotes a multiparty state.
    (AP, 12/28/09)

2010        Dec 28, The US Postal Service unveiled its first-class commemorative stamps for 2011. All were marked with the word "forever" instead of the current rate of 44 cents.
    (AP, 12/29/10)
2010        Dec 28, In New Orleans, La., a fire in an abandoned warehouse killed 8 homeless squatters.
    (SFC, 12/29/10, p.A5)
2010        Dec 28, Dr. Billy Taylor (b.1921), jazz pianist and composer, died in Manhattan. His work included the ambitious “Suite for Jazz Piano and Orchestra” (1973).
    (SFC, 12/30/10, p.C6)(www.nojazzfest.com/chat/showthread.php?t=14270)
2010        Dec 28, An Afghan soldier was killed in a suicide attack in the eastern Paktika province. NATO said that it, in conjunction with Afghan forces, had killed more than 15 insurgents over the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 12/29/10)
2010        Dec 28, In Australia drenching rains pounded communities across the northeast, flooding major highways and prompting hundreds of evacuations.
    (AP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 28, Belarus Pres. Lukashenko appointed Mikhail Myasnikovich (60), the official head of the Belarussian Academy of Sciences, as the new prime minister.
    (SFC, 12/29/10, p.A2)
2010        Dec 28, West African leaders Boni Yayi of Benin, Sierra Leone's Ernest Bai Koroma and Pedro Pires of Cape Verde met with incumbent Ivory Coast leader Laurent Gbagbo to deliver an ultimatum from the ECOWAS regional bloc to step down or face removal by force. But Gbagbo's government signaled he was unlikely to agree to cede power to Alassane Ouattara.
    (Reuters, 12/28/10)(SFC, 12/29/10, p.A4)
2010        Dec 28, China said it is reducing the amount of rare earths it will export for the first half of the year by more than 10 percent, likely to be an unpopular move worldwide since the minerals are vital to the manufacture of high-tech products.
    (AP, 12/29/10)
2010        Dec 28, A Chinese journalist died from injuries sustained in a gang beating that some say was linked to his investigative work. Sun Hongjie, a senior reporter at the Northern Xinjiang Morning Post, died at a hospital in the city of Kuitun 10 days after he was beaten by six men at a construction site.
    (AP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 28, Cuba's Supreme Court commuted the death sentence against a Cuban-American who was the last person remaining on death row in the island nation. The court sentenced Humberto Eladio Real to 30 years in prison instead. On Oct. 15, 1994, Real and six other members of a Florida-based exile group came ashore in northern Cuba, armed with assault rifles and other weapons. A man was killed, and the group was captured shortly thereafter.
    (AP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 28, German engineering group Siemens said it has won a contract that could be worth some €600 million ($790 million) to supply 258 wind turbines to a US power company.
    (AFP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 28, In Honduras radio reporter Henry Suazo (36) was gunned down outside his home in La Masica, the 10th journalist killed in the Central American country this year.
    (AP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 28, Project developer Bashar Masri said about 20 Israeli suppliers will help build Rawabi, the first modern Palestinian city in the West Bank, but only after promising they will not use products or services from Israeli settlements.
    (AP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 28, Iran hanged Ali Akbar Siadat, an Iranian convicted of spying for Israel. Another Iranian was hanged for membership in an exile opposition movement.
    (AP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 28, Veteran Israeli journalist Dov Yudkovsky (89) died. He had fled the Nazi Holocaust and later became editor of Israel's best-selling newspaper. In 2002, Yudkovsky was awarded the Israel Prize, the Jewish state's highest honor, for his work in the media.
    (AP, 12/29/10)
2010        Dec 28, Japan postponed the creation of a greenhouse gas emission trading system by a year until after April 2014 in the face of strong resistance from the business lobby.
    (AFP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 28, In Mexico gunmen battled police in the northern state of Durango, leaving two bystanders, a federal agent and two drug cartel suspects dead. 13 suspects were detained, including several former state policemen who allegedly worked for the Sinaloa cartel headed by fugitive drug lord Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman," which is fighting the Zetas gang for control of the region. The navy captured four suspects linked to drug-cartel activities, including two females under the age of 18. A raid by a feared drug gang burned down half of the isolated village of Tierras Coloradas, Durango state, leaving more than 150 people, mostly children, homeless in the raw mountain winter.
    (AP, 12/29/10)(AP, 12/30/10)(Reuters, 2/17/11)
2010        Dec 28, In Nigeria members of the radical Muslim sect Boko Haram shot and wounded a retired senior police officer and two civilians in the city of Maiduguri. Boko Haram also claimed responsibility for the Christmas Eve bomb blasts in Jos that left at least 32 dead.
    (AP, 12/29/10)
2010        Dec 28, In Pakistan a barrage of US missiles killed at least 15 militants in the North Waziristan tribal district, obliterating compounds and vehicles used by Islamist fighters.
    (AFP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 28, A former Russian senator was sentenced to life in jail for ordering multiple killings and financing a criminal group. The Moscow City Court said that Igor Izmestyev, a former senator and oil trader from the central region of Bashkiriya, financed a mob that killed 14 people between 1992 and 2004. The court sentenced 4 more mobsters to up to 23 years in jail. Their so-called Kingisepp mob was known for finishing their victims off with a shot in the eye.
    (AP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 28, In Russia robbers carrying assault rifles in a baby carriage fatally shot two guards outside a commercial bank and a man walking his dog and got away with more than $800,000 worth of cash in St. Petersburg.
    (AP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 28, An aging Russian military cargo plane crashed, killing all 12 people aboard. The An-22 plane was on a flight from the southwestern region of Voronezh region when it crashed in the Tula region, about 120 miles (190 km) south of Moscow.
    (AP, 12/29/10)
2010        Dec 28, South Korean education officials said almost 30 robots have started teaching English to youngsters in a South Korean city, in a pilot project designed to nurture the nascent robot industry.
    (AP, 12/28/10)
2010        Dec 28, In Thailand US and Thai officials arrested a group of 12 Chinese nationals accused of obtaining fake visas to try to gain entry to the United States. The visas bore the same numbers as authentic ones issued by the US Embassy in Warsaw to Polish citizens.
    (AP, 12/29/10)

2011        Dec 28, The US State Dept. said Congress has freed up a little more than 20 percent of $187 million in US assistance to the Palestinians that had been frozen over the Palestinian bid for UN membership.
    (AP, 12/29/11)
2011        Dec 28, A spokeswoman said the commander of the Guantanamo Bay prison has signed an order that would require a security review of legal mail to prisoners facing war crimes charges, rejecting arguments the new rule would violate attorney-client privilege and undermine long-delayed tribunals for five men charged in the Sept. 11 attacks.
    (AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 28, Two out-of-state doctors who traveled to Maryland to perform late-term abortions were arrested and charged with multiple counts of murder. Dr. Steven Brigham, of Voorhees, N.J., was taken into custody and held in the Camden County jail. Authorities also arrested Dr. Nicola Riley in Salt Lake City. Each was awaiting an extradition hearing.
    (AP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 28, In New Jersey Patrick Lott appeared in court for videotaping teenage boys at Immaculata High School in Somerville for nearly 3 years.
    (SFC, 12/29/11, p.A4)
2011        Dec 28, Bosnia’s six main parties managed to form a new government.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.45)
2011        Dec 28, In China police in Xinjiang province opened fire and killed seven suspects, and wounded and arrested four others. The Xinjiang government said that a "violent terrorist group" had kidnapped two people in the northwestern region's remote Pishan county, prompting a stand-off with police. An exile group, described the incident as a protest by local Uighurs prompted by mounting discontent over a police crackdown and religious repression in the area.
    (AFP, 12/29/11)
2011        Dec 28, Colombian authorities said seven soldiers have been charged in the killing of a comrade who had deserted. In 2006 the troops reported they had killed a rebel in combat near the northern town of Majagual. Investigators determined the victim wasn't a rebel but rather a soldier who had deserted from the same infantry unit.
    (AP, 12/29/11)
2011        Dec 28, Greek authorities jailed Abbot Efraim (55), the abbot of a 1,000-year-old Greek Orthodox monastery, pending trial for his alleged key role in a land swap with the state that blew up into a major political scandal. Investigators have said the deal was weighted in favor of Vatopedi Monastery and cost taxpayers about euro100 million ($131 million).
    (AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 28, Guinea-Bissau security forces executed police officer Major Yaya Dabo as he turned himself in over his role in what the regime describes as a coup bid.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 28, In southern Kyrgyzstan a Soviet-built jet operated by a Kyrgyz carrier broke its wing, overturned and caught fire as it tried to land in deep fog in Osh, leaving 31 people injured.
    (AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 28, Mauritania issued an international warrant for the arrest of Moustapha Ould Limam Chavi (53), an opponent of President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, for supporting terror groups in the Sahel region. Chafi soon announced plans to sue the president for defamation.
    (AFP, 12/28/11)(AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 28, Senegal's army said that five soldiers who went missing after a rebel attack last week in the troubled southern Casamance region were being held by separatist rebels.
    (AFP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 28, Spain's scandal-hit royals revealed their detailed income for the first time, showing King Juan Carlos received a salary plus expenses of €292,752 ($382,600) in 2011.
    (AFP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 28, Syrian security forces reportedly fired guns and tear gas at thousands of anti-government protesters in the central city of Hama and killed at least six people. At least four soldiers were killed in an ambush carried out by a group of military defectors in the country's south. Activists said two people died in the Baba Amr district of Homs. The Syrian government released 755 prisoners detained over the past nine months in the regime's crackdown on dissent as observers toured a flashpoint city to see whether authorities were complying with an Arab plan to stop the bloodshed that has killed thousands.
    (AP, 12/28/11)
2011        Dec 28, Turkish warplanes killed at least 34 people in an air strike on the Iraq border in an attack which a pro-Kurdish political party described as a "massacre" of civilians. Ankara's joint military command said in a statement that its jets bombed an area inside Iraq "regularly used" by PKK rebels. Those killed were smugglers aged 18-28, who routinely brought in Iraqi fuel and cigarettes with the full knowledge of local authorities. On Jan 2 Turkey said it will compensate the families of the civilians mistakenly killed in the airstrike in Uludere township.
    (AFP, 12/29/11)(AP, 1/3/12)(Econ, 1/7/12, p.46)(Econ, 6/9/12, p.59)
2011        Dec 28, In Yemen labor strikes spread through the country as workers demanded reforms and dismissal of managers over alleged corruption linked to the outgoing president. A civilian was shot dead in a shootout between the Republican Guard and gunmen loyal to dissident tribal chief Sadiq al-Ahmar.
    (AP, 12/28/11)(AFP, 12/28/11)

2012        Dec 28, In Mississippi an SUV crashed into a creek in Neshoba County killing 5 children and one adult. Driver Duane John (34) was later charged with with 6 counts of DUI manslaughter.
    (SFC, 1/2/13, p.A5)
2012        Dec 28, Three New Jersey police officers were shot at their police station, and one was in surgery for his wounds. The suspected gunman, who had been brought to the Gloucester Township Police station for a domestic incident, was killed in the exchange of gunfire.
    (AP, 12/28/12)
2012        Dec 28, In Central African Republic renewed fighting between government forces and rebels seeking to overthrow the president broke out in Bambari, CAR’s third largest city. Representatives from the 10-nation Economic Community of Central African States, or ECCAS, agreed at a meeting in Gabon to send forces to CAR
    (AP, 12/28/12)(AP, 12/31/12)
2012        Dec 28, China’s national legislature amended its law on the elderly to require that adult children visit their aged parents "often" — or risk being sued by them.
    (AP, 12/28/12)
2012        Dec 28, China passed a new law requiring real-name registration of internet subscribers.
    (Econ, 1/5/13, p.33)
2012        Dec 28, In China an overloaded minibus fell into a ravine killing 5 children and 5 adults in the Guangxi region.
    (SSFC, 12/30/12, p.A6)
2012        Dec 28, Tens of thousands of Iraqi Sunnis angry over perceived second-class treatment by the Shiite-led government massed along a major western highway and elsewhere in the country for the largest protests yet in a week of demonstrations.
    (AP, 12/28/12)
2012        Dec 28, In India authorities in Punjab state took action when an 18-year-old woman killed herself by drinking poison a month after she told police she was gang-raped. Authorities suspended one police officer and fired two others on accusations they delayed investigating and taking action in the case. The woman was raped Nov. 13 and reported the attack to police on Nov 27. The three accused in the rape were arrested only on the previous night night, a month after the crime was reported.
    (AP, 12/29/12)
2012        Dec 28, Mexico City lawmakers approved prison terms for animal cruelty, previously considered a civil offense sanctioned with fines and detentions.
    (AP, 12/29/12)
2012        Dec 28, In northeast Nigeria gunmen suspected to belong to the radical Boko Haram Islamist sect attacked the village of Musari on the outskirts of Maiduguri, tying up men, women and children before slitting their throats, killing at least 15. Boko Haram gunmen also attacked another village in Adamawa state on its border with neighboring Cameroon. At least 35 prisoners were released from a prison in the attack, though 11 were been recaptured. A civilian and a police officer were killed during the fighting. Authorities said at least seven people have been killed in recent days around Christian villages in the rural plateau around Jos.
    (AP, 12/29/12)
2012        Dec 28, In Romania influential banker Bogdan Baltazar (73) died. He became Romania's first government spokesman in 1990 after the collapse of communism.
    (AP, 12/28/12)
2012        Dec 28, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin signed a law banning Americans from adopting Russian children, abruptly terminating the prospects for more than 50 youngsters preparing to join new families and sparking critics to liken him to King Herod.
    (AP, 12/28/12)
2012        Dec 28, The only official charged with the 2009 death of Sergei Magnitsky, a Russian whistleblowing lawyer, walked free after a Moscow court acquitted prison doctor Dmitry Kratov of negligence. The case has become a rallying point for human rights advocates and sparked escalating legislation in the US and Russia.
    (AP, 12/28/12)
2012        Dec 28, Syrian rebels stepped up their siege of a military base in north of the country as government warplanes bombed surrounding areas to support the defenders. A government airstrike on al-Safira killed 14 people, including 2 woemn and 8 children.
    (AP, 12/28/12)
2012        Dec 28, Officials at Turkey's Foreign Ministry said two Syrian air force generals have defected and crossed the border.
    (AP, 12/28/12)
2012        Dec 28, In Yemen an airstrike killed two suspected al-Qaida militants, while tribesmen with links to the group were believed to be behind an attack on an oil pipeline elsewhere in the country.
    (AP, 12/28/12)

2013        Dec 28, In the US the most recent extension of unemployment insurance expired leaving some 1.3 million Americans suddenly cut off from federally funded benefits.
    (Econ, 1/4/14, p.19)
2013        Dec 28, In Alabama Kimberle Johnson (21) and Glenn Thomas (22) died in an early morning shooting in Montgomery. Six others were wounded. Thomas was an up-and-coming rapper known as Doe B. Jason Quan Williams (25) was arrested after turning himself in to police.
    (SSFC, 12/29/13, p.A14)(SFC, 12/31/13, p.A5)
2013        Dec 28, Arizona police in Phoenix shot and killed Mario Edward Garnett (40) following an attempted bank robbery. He is believed to be the same man accused in the Dec 23 killing of a police officer in Tupelo, Miss.
    (SFC, 12/30/13, p.A6)
2013        Dec 28, In Oklahoma Harry Carl Mapps (59) was arrested in a motel in Roland. He was suspected of killing 3 people and setting fire to a home in Colorado on Nov 27.
    (SFC, 12/30/13, p.A6)
2013        Dec 28, Harold Simmons (82), Dallas billionaire and major GOP political donor, died. He had made his fortune in buying drugstores and as an investor in publicly traded companies.
    (SFC, 1/1/14, p.E5)
2013        Dec 28, Australian media reported that Jacqueline Zwambila, Zimbabwe's ambassador to Australia, has asked for political asylum just days before her term ends saying she fears for her safety at home.
    (Reuters, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 28, Bahrain’s police arrested Ali Salman (48), head of the main Shiite opposition bloc Al-Wefaq that has spearheaded protests against the authorities in the Sunni-ruled kingdom. Salman was freed the next day but he was forbidden from any travel.
    (AFP, 12/28/13)(AFP, 12/29/13)
2013        Dec 28, China formally allowed couples to have a second child if one parent is an only child, the first major easing of its 3-decade-old restrictive birth policy.
    (AP, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 28, China's national legislature voted to abolish a much-criticized penal system that allowed police to lock up people for up to four years without due process.
    (AP, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 28, Chinese state media said 512 lawmakers in Hengyang city, Huana province, have resigned after being implicated in a bribery scandal, while another 56 provincial legislators have been sacked. Xinhua said the total amount of the bribes was more than 110 million yuan ($18.1 million) and the money was used to swing the results of elections.
    (Reuters, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 28, In Colombia the bodies of 5 men were found at the mouth of the Atrato River. Police believed the men had traveled from a Caribbean island in an attempt to reach Central America.
    (SFC, 12/30/13, p.A2)
2013        Dec 28, Croatia state prosecutors said some 300 doctors and pharmacists are among 364 suspects who have been charged with offering and taking bribes in exchange for prescribing certain drugs. The operation, code-named Hippocratus, was launched by the USKOSK anti-graft police in November 2012.
    (Reuters, 12/29/13)
2013        Dec 28, In Egypt riot police moved into eastern Cairo's Al-Azhar campus, claiming that striking students were disrupting end-of-term exams. They fired tear gas and battled demonstrators in a melee that left one protester dead and an administration building torched.
    (AP, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 28, In India tens of thousands of jubilant supporters watched as Arvind Kejriwal, a mild-mannered former tax official, was anointed chief minister of Delhi. Kejriwal's Aam Aadmi (Common Man) Party, or AAP, has emerged as a force to be reckoned with barely a year since it was created.
    (Reuters, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 28, In southern India a fire engulfed a coach of an express train, killing at least 26 passengers.
    (AP, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 28, Iraqi security forces raided the Ramadi home of Sunni MP Ahmed al-Alwani, who backs anti-government protesters, arresting him and sparking clashes that killed his brother and five guards. An Iraqi soldier was also killed in the raid.
    (AFP, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 28, In Malawi a lightning bolt struck a Seventh Day Adventist church, killing 8 worshippers and injuring several others in Lilongwe. It was not immediately clear whether they were injured by the lightning or in the panic to escape.
    (Reuters, 12/29/13)
2013        Dec 28, Mexican authorities found 5 decapitated bodies in two locations in Michoacan state, with letters left with the corpses purportedly signed by a drug cartel.
    (AFP, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 28, In Nigeria few voters straggled to polls to elect local councils in northeastern Yobe state battling Islamic militants who say democracy in corruption-riddled Nigeria is an enemy of the people. The opposition All Progressives Congress swept every seat in the Yobe state elections. Suspected Boko Haram gunmen shot dead 8 people and injured five more in an attack on a wedding party in Tashan Alade village, Borno state. Nigerian government forces reportedly killed at least 56 Islamist Boko Haram fighters in a combined air and ground offensive in the northeast Alafa forest.
    (AP, 12/28/13)(AP, 12/30/13)(AFP, 12/30/13)(Reuters, 12/30/13)
2013        Dec 28, In northwest Pakistan gunmen attacked an anti-polio vaccination center on the outskirts of Peshawar and killed a medic on duty, then fled the scene.
    (AP, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 28, Saudi police pulled over a woman minutes after she got behind the wheel in the Red Sea city of Jeddah after activists called for a new challenge to a driving ban.
    (AFP, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 28, In South Sudan some 25,000 young men, who make up a tribal militia known as the "White Army," began marching on Bor. The youths are from the Lou Nuer sub-clan — the same tribe as opposition leader former VP Riek Machar. Nuer community leaders in Jonglei state soon persuaded the "White Army" fighters to go home.
    (AP, 12/28/13)(AP, 12/29/13)
2013        Dec 28, A Syrian army air strike on a vegetable market in the northern city of Aleppo killed at least 25 people.
    (Reuters, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 28, In Thailand gunmen killed an anti-government activist and wounded two others in Bangkok, while protesters elsewhere blocked candidates from registering for upcoming elections.
    (AP, 12/28/13)
2013        Dec 28, Yemeni tribesmen blew up a pipeline in the eastern Hadramout province, disrupting oil flow two days after they seized an oil ministry building in the region.
    (Reuters, 12/28/13)

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