Today in History - December 30

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39CE        Dec 30, Titus, 10th Roman emperor (79-81) and conqueror of Jerusalem, was born.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

987        Dec 30, French King Hugh Capet crowned his son Robert the Compassionate.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1460        Dec 30, Richard Plantagenet (b.1411), English Duke of York, was killed by Lancastrians at the Battle of Wakefield. Queen Margaret hung his head from Micklegate Bar, one of the original entries to the city of York.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_of_York,_3rd_Duke_of_York)(Econ, 12/18/10, p.111)(SSFC, 4/13/14, p.Q4)

1525        Dec 30, Jacob Fugger (66), German banker and merchant, died.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1566        Dec 30, Alessandro Piccinini, composer, was born.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1572        Dec 30, Galeazzo Alessi (60), Italian architect (Palazza Marino, Milan), died.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1689        Dec 30, Henry Purcell's opera "Dido and Aeneas," premiered in Chelsea.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1703        Dec 30, Tokyo was hit by Earthquake and some 37,000 people died.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1741        Dec 30, Bartolomeo Giacometti, composer, was born.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1788        Dec 30, Francesco Zuccarelli (86), Italian rococo painter and etcher, died.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1796        Dec 30, Jean-Baptiste Lamoyne (45), composer, died.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1809        Dec 30, Wearing masks at balls was forbidden in Boston.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1813        Dec 30, The British burned Buffalo, N.Y., during the War of 1812.
    (AP, 12/30/06)

1835        Dec 30, Cherokees were forced to move across the Mississippi River after gold was discovered in Georgia. A minority faction of Cherokee agreed to the emigration of the whole tribe from their lands by signing the Treaty of New Echota. The Treaty of New Echota resulted in the cession of all Cherokee land to the U.S. and provided for the transportation of the Cherokee Indians to land beyond the Mississippi. The removal of the Cherokee was completed by 1838.
    (NG, 5/95, p.86)(HNQ, 6/21/98)(MC, 12/30/01)
1835        Dec 30, HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin sailed from NZ to Sydney.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1847        Dec 30, John Peter Altgeld, US Gov-Ill, was born in Germany. He pardoned some of the Haymarket anarchists.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1851        Dec 30, Asa Griggs Candler, developer of Coca-Cola, was born.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1852        Dec 30, Future U.S. president Rutherford B. Hayes married Lucy Ware Webb in Cincinnati.
    (AP, 12/30/02)

1853        Dec 30, The United States bought some 45,000 square miles of land from  Mexico in a deal known as the Gadsden Purchase. It included parts of Arizona and New Mexico (29,640 sq. miles) south of the Gila River. The purchase was ratified by Congress on April 25, 1854.
    (AWAM, Dec. 94, p.31)(HFA, '96, p.28)(AHD, p.537)(AP, 12/30/97)

1861        Dec 30, Banks in the United States suspended the practice of redeeming paper money for metal currency, a practice that would continue until 1879.
    (HN, 12/30/98)

1862        Dec 30, The draft of the Emancipation Proclamation was finished and circulated around Lincoln's cabinet for comment.
    (HN, 12/30/98)

1865        Dec 30, Rudyard Kipling (d.1936), British author and poet, best known for "Jungle Book" and "Soldiers Three," was born in Bombay, India. "There are only two classes of mankind in the world -- doctors and patients." He won the Nobel prize for literature in 1907.
    (AP, 12/30/97)(HN, 12/30/98)(AP, 2/7/00)(MC, 12/30/01)

1877        Dec 30, Joseph Stevens Jones (b.~1809-1811), physician, Boston actor and playwright, died. He authored some 100 patriotic melodramas.
    (SFC, 12/31/08, p.E2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Stevens_Jones)
1877        Dec 30, Johannes Brahms' 2nd Symphony in D, premiered in Vienna.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1879        Dec 30, Gilbert & Sullivan's "Pirates of Penzance," premiered in London.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1884        Dec 30, Tojo Hideki, Japanese Prime Minister during WWII, was born.
    (HN, 12/30/98)
1884        Dec 30, Anton Bruckner's 7th Symphony in E, premiered in Leipzig.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1894        Dec 30, Amelia Jenks Bloomer (76), suffragist, died in Council Bluffs, Iowa; she had gained notoriety for wearing a short skirt and baggy trousers that came to be known as "bloomers."
    (AP, 12/30/02)

1903        Dec 30, The Iraquois Theater Fire of Chicago killed 602 people. Matinee patrons for “Mr Bluebeard" panicked despite efforts by comedian Eddie Foy (47) to calm the crowd. In 2003 Anthony P. Hatch authored “Tinder Box," an account of the fire.
    (HFA, '96, p.70)(AP, 12/30/97)(PCh, 1992, p.652)(WSJ, 3/28/03, p.W9)

1904        Dec 30, Dmitri B. Kabalevsky, composer, was born in St Petersburg, Russia.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1905        Dec 30, Governor Frank Steunenberg of Idaho was killed by an assassin's bomb. The former Gov. of Idaho, was blown up by a booby-trapped gate in front of his home in Caldwell, Idaho. Three Western Federation of Miners leaders in Colorado, Charles Moyer, George Pettibone and William Haywood, were “legally kidnapped" to Idaho and put on trial for the murder. The event and surrounding circumstances were described by J. Anthony Lukas in his 1997 book: “Big Trouble."
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, BR p.1,6)(HN, 12/30/98)

1906        Dec 30, Sir Carol Reed (d.1976) British movie director ("The Third Man," "Our Man in Havana," "Oliver!") was born in London.
    (AP, 12/30/06)

1907        Dec 30, The Mills Commission issued its final report, concluding that Abner Doubleday was the inventor of the sport of baseball, a claim Doubleday himself had never made. Few, if any, sports historians take this finding seriously.
    (AP, 12/30/07)

1911        Dec 30, Sun Yat-sen was elected the first president of the Republic of China.
    (AP, 12/30/97)

1914        Dec 30, Bert Parks, [Jacobson], TV host (Miss America), was born in Atlanta, Ga.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1918        Dec 30, John E. Hoover decided to be called J. Edgar Hoover.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1922        Dec 30, Vladimir I. Lenin proclaimed the establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Soviet Russia was renamed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The Soviet Union was organized as a federation of RSFSR, Ukrainian SSR, Belorussian SSR and Transcaucasian SSR.
    (AP, 12/30/97)(HN, 12/30/98)

1928        Dec 30, Bo Didley, blues composer and singer famous for his Mockingbird song, was born in McComb, Mississippi. His music included “Pretty Thing," “Diddy Wah Diddy," “Who Do You Love," “Hey Bo Didley," and “Hush Your Mouth." The Bo came from boxing.
    (SFEC, 8/25/96, DB p.71)(HN, 12/30/98)

1929        Dec 30, Cole Porter's musical "Wake Up & Dream," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1931        Dec 30, Richard Christ, writer, was born.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1932        Dec 30, The USSR barred food handouts for housewives under 36 years of age. They would now have to work to eat.
    (HN, 12/30/98)

1935        Dec 30, Sandy Koufax, Hall of Fame left-handed pitcher with the LA Dodgers, was born.
    (HN, 12/30/98)
1935        Dec 30, Italian bombers destroyed a Swedish Red Cross unit in Ethiopia.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1936        Dec 30, The United Auto Workers union staged its first sit-down strike, at the Fisher Body Plant No. 1 in Flint, Mich.
    (AP, 12/30/97)

1937        Dec 30, John Robb, actor, was born in Los Angeles.
    (Dylan's, 1/31/99)
1937        Dec 30, Paul Stookey, singer and musician (Peter, Paul, & Mary), was born.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1938        Dec 30, Joseph Bologna, actor (Citizen Cohn, My Favorite Year), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (MC, 12/30/01)
1938        Dec 30, An electronic television system was patented by V.K. Zworykin. [see Dec 20]
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1940        Dec 30, In California the Arroyo Seco Parkway connecting Los Angeles and Pasadena, officially opened as the first freeway in the Western US.
    (AP, 12/30/97)(SFC, 3/7/98, p.A18)

1944        Dec 30, King George II of Greece proclaimed a regency to rule his country, virtually renouncing the throne.
    (AP, 12/30/97)

1947        Dec 30, Romania's King Michael was exiled when the Soviet backed Communists took over. King Michael of Romania agreed to abdicate, but charged he was being forced off the throne by Communists.
    (SFC, 6/27/97, p.A16)(AP, 12/30/97)(HN, 12/30/98)

1948        Dec 30, The Cole Porter musical "Kiss Me, Kate" opened on Broadway at the New Century Theater and ran for 1,077 performances. It was based on Shakespeare’s “The Taming of the Shrew" and was written by Bella Spewack (d.1990 at age 91), who helped originate the Girl Scout cookie. The songs “Too Darn Hot" and “I Hate Men" were featured.
    (WSJ, 5/8/97, p.A20)(WSJ, 6/3/98, p.CA1,4) (AP, 12/30/98)(MC, 12/30/01)

1950        Dec 30, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia became independent states in a French Union.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1952        Dec 30, Tuskegee Institute reported 1952 as the 1st yr in the last 71 with no US lynchings.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1953        Dec 30, The first color TV sets went on sale. An Admiral color set was priced about $1,175 in 1953 dollars! Color TV sets did not become affordable to the masses until the late 1960s.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1953)(MC, 12/30/01)

1956        Dec 30, The New York Giants defeated the Chicago Bears, 47-to-7, to win the NFL Championship Game.
    (AP, 12/30/06)

1959        Dec 30, Tracey Ullman, singer and actress (Tracey Ullman Show), was born in Slough, England.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1963        Dec 30, Alessandra Mussolini, actress (Ferragosto OK), was born in Naples, Italy.
    (MC, 12/30/01)
1963        Dec 30, Congress authorized the Kennedy half dollar.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1964        Dec 30, Edward Albee's "Tiny Alice," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1965        Dec 30, Ferdinand E. Marcos was sworn in as the Philippine Republic's sixth president.
    (SFC, 8/23/96, p.A26)(HN, 12/30/98)

1966        Dec 30, Trygve Halvdan Lie (72), 1st UN sect-general (1946-53), died.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1967        Dec 30, Beatles' "Hello Goodbye," single went #1 for 3 weeks.
    (MC, 12/30/01)

1969        Dec 30, Pres. Nixon signed the Tax Reform Act of 1969. The US Congress had enacted legislation that created a minimum tax (later known as the Alternative Minimum Tax, AMT) after the IRS revealed that about 155 high-income households had paid no tax in 1966. It was part of the Tax Reform Act of 1969 and became operative in 1970. The AMT was designed to make sure everyone pays some tax.
    (www.worldcat.org/wcpa/top3mset/79655)(www.house.gov/jec/tax/amt.htm)(SFC, 12/14/05, p.A1)
1969        Dec 30, The US Federal Aviation Administration certified the Boeing 747-100 for commercial service.
    (www.boeing.com/commercial/747family/pf/pf_milestones.html)
1969        Dec 30, In the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos (1917-1989) won an unprecedented second term as president.
    (http://philippines-archipelago.com/history/marcos_regime.html)

1972        Dec 30, After two weeks of heavy bombing raids on North Vietnam, President Nixon halted the air offensive and agreed to resume peace negotiations with Hanoi representative Le Duc Tho.
    (AP, 12/30/97)(HN, 12/30/98)

1973        Dec 30, British millionaire Edward Sieff, whose family owns Marks and Spencers stores in London, was wounded. The attack was attributed to Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)(http://tinyurl.com/59cvcn)

1975        Dec 30, Tiger Woods, later professional golfer, was born as Eldrick Woods in Cypress, California.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiger_Woods)

1976        Dec 30, Governor Carey of New York pardoned seven inmates to close the book on the Attica uprising.
    (HN, 12/30/98)

1977        Dec 30, Ted Bundy (1946-1989), serial killer, escaped from jail in Colorado. His absence was not noticed until the next day. He was re-captured in Florida on February 15, 1978, after 3 more murders.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ted_Bundy)

1978        Dec 30, Ohio State University fired Woody Hayes as its football coach, one day after Hayes punched Clemson University player Charlie Bauman during the Gator Bowl after Bauman intercepted an Ohio pass.
    (AP, 12/30/98)

1979        Dec 30, Richard Rodgers (b.1902), composer (Rodgers & Hammerstein), died in NYC. His Broadway shows included "Oklahoma" and other classics.
    (www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/database/rodgers_r.html)

1983        Dec 30, A 7.2 earthquake killed 26 people in Afghanistan (14) and Pakistan (12).
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A10)

1987        Dec 30, Manufacturers of all-terrain vehicles agreed to withdraw the three-wheel model from dealers' inventories, but stopped short of a recall, as demanded by groups who felt the ATV's were dangerous.
    (AP, 12/30/97)

1988        Dec 30, President Reagan and President-elect Bush were subpoenaed to testify as defense witnesses in the pending Iran-Contra trial of Oliver North. The subpoenas were subsequently quashed.
    (AP, 12/30/98)
1988        Dec 30, Isamu Noguchi (b.1904), Japanese-American sculptor, died. Noguchi designed sets for choreographer Martha Graham for 40 years. In 1997 Hiro Narita made a film of the artist for PBS: "Isamu Noguchi: Stones and Paper."
    (WSJ, 1/4/05, p.D8)(www.usps.com/communications/news/stamps/2004/sr04_030.htm)

1989        Dec 30, A Northwest Airlines DC-10, target of a telephoned threat, flew safely from Paris to Detroit amid extra-tight security.
    (AP, 12/30/99)

1990        Dec 30, Iraq’s information minister (Latif Nussayif Jassim) said President Bush “must have been drunk" when he suggested Iraq might withdraw from Kuwait, and added: “We will show the world America is a paper tiger."
    (AP, 12/30/00)

1991        Dec 30, The remains of two American hostages slain in Lebanon, William Buckley and Marine Col. William R. Higgins, arrived in the United States for burial.
    (AP, 12/30/01)
1991        Dec 30, Leaders of the Commonwealth of Independent States agreed to establish unified command over nuclear weapons, while allowing member states to form their own armies.
    (AP, 12/30/01)

1992        Dec 30, President Bush embarked on the final foreign trip of his term in office, heading to a Black Sea summit with Russian President Boris Yeltsin, with a stopover in Somalia to visit U.S. troops helping famine victims.
    (AP, 12/30/97)

1993        Dec 30, Hollywood agent Irving "Swifty" Lazar died in Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 86.
    (AP, 12/30/98)
1993        Dec 30, Israel and the Vatican agreed to recognize one another.
    (AP, 12/30/97)

1994        Dec 30, US Army helicopter pilot Bobby Hall walked to freedom 13 days after he was captured by North Korea in a shootdown that claimed the life of co-pilot David Hilemon. [see Dec 29]
    (AP, 12/30/04)
1994        Dec 30, John Salvi opened fire at two abortion clinics in suburban Boston and killed 2 clinic receptionists, Lee Ann Nichols and Shannon Lowney. He was convicted on two accounts of first-degree murder in Mar, 1996. Salvi committed suicide in prison on Nov 29, 1996. His conviction was voided in 1997 because he died before his appeal was heard.
    (WSJ, 3/19/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A1,15)(SFEC, 2/2/97, p.A3)(AP, 12/30/99)

1995        Dec 30, A US military policeman, Martin John Begosh, became the first American injured in NATO’s fledgling Bosnia peace mission when his Humvee hit an anti-tank mine.
    (AP, 12/30/00)
1995        Dec 30, The Salem Baptist Church in Gibson Co., Tenn., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1995        Dec 30, In China’s Inner Mongolia over 200 people demonstrated at the bookstore of Hada, founder of the Southern Mongolia Democratic Alliance. Hada was jailed in 1996 on charges of separatism and spying and sentenced to 15 years in jail.
    (SFC, 12/14/10, p.A2)

1996        Dec 30, The Clinton administration said that doctors who prescribe marijuana could be excluded from Medicare and Medicaid programs and lose the right to prescribe drugs. Voters in California and Arizona had approved measures for medical use of marijuana.
    (SFC, 12/31/96, p.A1)
1996        Dec 30, Lew Ayres (88), screen actor (Salem's Lot, State Fair), died.
    (www.classicimages.com/1997/february/lewayres.html)
1996        Dec 30, In Eritrea it was reported that five Belgians were killed on an outing near Filfil along with their native driver.
    (SFC, 12/31/96, p.A11)
1996        Dec 30, In India a bomb exploded on the Brahmaputra Express train out of Gauhati in the state of Assam. About three dozen people were killed. Bodo insurgents were suspected.
    (SFC, 12/31/96, p.A10) (AP, 12/30/97)
1996        Dec 30, From Turkey a raid by 5,000 troops into Iraq left 72 Kurdish guerrillas and 2 Turkish soldiers dead.
    (WSJ, 1/2/97, p.1)

1997        Dec 30, In Algeria marauders slit the throats of 34 people in Ain Boucif. Later reports raised the number killed near the city of Relizane to over 400 for this first day of Ramadan. The single deadliest massacre in Algeria's insurgency began in four mountain villages as armed men killed 412 men, women and children in an attack that lasted from dusk until dawn.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A8)(SFC, 1/3/98, p.A8)(AP, 12/30/98)
1997        Dec 30, China adopted new rules restricting the use of the Internet. Details forbade defamation of government agencies, the promotion of separatist movements, and the divulgence of state secrets. Also forbidden was pornography and prowling by hackers.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A1)
1997        Dec 30, In Italy Danilo Dolci, advocate of nonviolent social reform, died at age 73. His writings and poetry chronicled Sicily’s beauty and despair. His books include: “Report From Palermo,"  “Waste," and “Sicilian Lives" (1981).
    (SFC, 1/1/98, p.A25)
1997        Dec 30, Russia signed an agreement to build a $3B nuclear power plant in China.
    (www.nti.org/db/china/jiangsu.htm)
1997        Dec 30, In Serbia riot police dispersed thousands of Albanian students protesting in Pristina, who demanded the right to study in their own language.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A9)
1997        Dec 30, South Africa established diplomatic ties with China and ended formal ties with Taiwan.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A9)
1997        Dec 30, In Spain a judge accused 36 Argentine military and police officers of involvement in torture and the disappearance of 600 Spaniards during the dirty war from 1976-1983. Most of those named served in the ESMA, a torture center used by the military regime.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A9)
1997        Dec 30, In Vietnam hard-line Gen’l. Le Kha Phieu (66) replaced Do Muoi as the general secretary of the communist party, the country’s top leader.
    (SFC,12/31/97, p.A8)

1998        Dec 30, Weak but radiant, Nkem Chukwu, mother of the Houston octuplets, was released from the hospital.
    (AP, 12/30/99)
1998        Dec 30, In Angola rebels bombarded Huambo and killed 5 people.
    (SFC, 12/31/98, p.D2)
1998        Dec 28, In Argentina Ruben Franco, a former Admiral, was arrested on charges of being a central organizer of the baby kidnappings during the dirty war.
    (SFC, 12/31/98, p.D2)
1998        Dec 30, In Colombia officials found at least 11 burned and dismembered bodies in El Diamante.
    (SFC, 12/31/98, p.D2)
1998        Dec 30, Iraq again fired at US warplanes the missile site was destroyed in response.
    (SFC, 12/31/98, p.A1)

1998/99    Dec 30-Jan 1, Some 500 people were massacred in eastern Congo during the 3 day New Year holiday. The killings were by soldiers aligned with rebels led by Tutsi, but the victims were not Hutu.
    (SFC, 1/6/99, p.A7)

1999        Dec 30, In Tampa, Fla., Silvio Izquierdo-Leyva, an employee at the Radisson Bay Harbor Inn, shot and killed 4 co-workers and a motorist as he tempted to steal a car before police arrested him. Izquierdo-Leyva later pleaded guilty and was sentenced to life.
    (SFC, 12/31/99, p.A1)(AP, 12/30/04)
1999        Dec 30, In Oregon an 80-foot power-line tower was toppled 26 miles east of Bend. It was described as an isolated case of criminal mischief. 2 suspects were arrested in 2005.
    (SFC, 1/1/00, p.D4)(SFC, 12/9/05, p.A6)
1999        Dec 30, Sarah “Sadie" Clark Knauss, listed by the Guinness Book of Records as the oldest person with a verifiable date of birth, died in Allentown, Pennsylvania, at age 119.
    (AP, 12/30/00)
1999        Dec 30, In England former Beatle George Harrison was stabbed in his home in Henley-on-Thames after Michael Abram (33), a mentally ill former heroin addict, broke in. Abram was later acquitted of attempted murder by reason of insanity.
    (SFC, 12/31/99, p.A1,18)(AP, 12/30/00)
1999        Dec 30, In Indonesia strife between Christians and Muslims left some 74 people killed after 4 days of violence.
    (SFC, 12/31/99, p.D6)
1999        Dec 30-31, A rubber raft with some 59 refugees capsized while trying to cross the Adriatic between Albania and Italy. One body was found in Jan.
    (SFC, 1/19/00, p.A14)

2000        Dec 30, A record snow fall covered the US northern East Coast.
    (SFC, 12/31/00, p.A3)
2000        Dec 30, Hollywood screenwriter Julius J. Epstein, who co-wrote the script for “Casablanca," died in Los Angeles at age 91.
    (AP, 12/30/01)
2000        Dec 30, In the Philippines 5 bomb blasts hit Manila and at least 22 people were killed. Muslim rebels were blamed. One of bombs was on a train and killed at least 13. Police arrested 17 men on Jan 4. 7 Muslim guerrillas were indicted including Salamat Hashim, chairman of the Moro Liberation Front. The Jemaah Islamiyah, an militant group linked to al Qaeda, was involved in the train bombing. In 2009 three men, including one of the Philippines' top terror suspects, were sentenced to life in prison for one of the bombings that killed 11 people. The attacks revealed close coordination among militants across the region.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A1)(SFC, 12/31/00, p.A1)(SFC, 1/5/01, p.D3)(SFC, 1/9/01, p.A15)(WSJ, 8/13/02, p.A14)(AP, 1/23/09)
2000        Dec 30, Russia’s Pres. Putin endorsed the new national anthem with words by poet Sergei Mikhalkov (1913-2009) and the original Soviet music. Mikhalkov adjusted the text again, replacing references to Lenin and the Soviets with a paean to Russia's "divinely protected" forests and meadows that span from "southern seas to the polar lands."
    (SFC, 12/31/00, p.B5)(AP, 8/27/09)

2001        Dec 30, Rev. Jack Brock of the Christ Community Church and his wife Sharon burned Harry Potter books in Alamogordo, NM, after calling them “a masterpiece of satanic deception."
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A2)
2001        Dec 30, Ralph Sutton (79) stride pianist, died in Aspen, Colo. He was a founding member of the World’s Greatest Jazz Band (1968-1975).
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A10)
2001        Dec 30, Four Afghan soldiers were killed near Herat as they stacked boxes of ammunition.
    (SFC, 12/31/01, p.A6)
2001        Dec 30, In Argentina Pres. Saa resigned after one week in office. Senate leader Ramon Puerta resigned his post so as not to become interim president again. Eduardo Camano, Peronist lawmaker, was next in line. Saa returned to San Luis province and with his brother began producing films with financing from the San Luis Ministry of Progress.
    (SFC, 12/31/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 2/24/05, p.A1)
2001        Dec 30, Colombia seized $41 million in counterfeit US currency.
    (WSJ, 12/31/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 30, Israeli forces killed 6 Palestinians in 2 incidents in the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 12/31/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 30, Pakistan arrested Hafiz Saeed, leader of Lashkar-e-Tayyaba (Army of the Pure) as India moved more troops to the border.
    (SFC, 12/31/01, p.A3)
2001        Dec 30, Russian troops mounted an offensive south of Grozny after 6 Russian soldiers were killed by rebels.
    (WSJ, 12/31/01, p.A1)
2001        Dec 30, In South Africa an open truck carrying families on a pilgrimage to ancestral graves, overturned on a steep hill and 48 people were killed.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A7)

2002        Dec 30, Mary Brian (96), film star born as Louise Byrdie Dantzler, died. She had appeared in 82 films between 1924 and 1947.
    (SFC, 1/4/03, p.A15)
2002        Dec 30, China launched its Shenzhou IV spacecraft in a test launch to prepare for manned space voyages.
    (SFC, 12/30/02, p.A8)
2002        Dec 30, In England Mary Wesley (90), who published her first novel when she was 70 and went on to produce a string of slightly racy best sellers, died. Her books included "The Camomile Lawn" and "A Sensible Life." In 2006 Patrick Marnham authored “Wild Mary: The Life of Mary Wesley."
    (AP, 12/31/02)(Econ, 6/10/06, p.87)
2002        Dec 30, In Greece Dora Bakoyianni (48) was sworn in as the mayor of Athens, the first woman ever to hold the post.
    (AP, 12/30/02)
2002        Dec 30, A fire broke out in an Iranian prison, killing 27 prisoners and injuring 50 others.
    (AP, 12/30/02)
2002        Dec 30, British and US warplanes flying multiple missions attacked Iraq air defense facilities after an Iraqi fighter jet penetrated the southern no-fly zone.
    (AP, 12/31/02)
2002        Dec 30, In Chechnya rebels staged attacks on pro-Moscow forces and killed 4 people in Grozny.
    (SFC, 12/31/02, p.A7)
2002        Dec 30, Israeli soldiers killed three Palestinians, including a gunman, while Israel's Supreme Court ruled that reserve soldiers have no right to refuse service in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Border policemen Shahar Botbeka and Denis Alhazov and 2 others abducted several Hebron residents, among them 17-year-old Amran Abu Hamadiya, and took them for a ride in their jeep. They abused the men and beat them with truncheons and rifles. They hurled Abu Hamadiya out of the moving vehicle, causing his death. In 2008 Botbeka and Alhazov  were convicted of manslaughter for their part in the kidnapping and wrongful death of Hamadiya.
    (AP, 12/30/02)(www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1017498.html)
2002        Dec 30, In the Ivory Coast a rebel helicopter bombing killed 12 civilians and injured several more.
    (AP, 1/2/03)
2002        Dec 30, Turkmenistan's high court rapidly convicted and sentenced Boris Shikhmuradov, a former foreign minister, to 25 years in prison for plotting an attempt to kill Pres. Niyazov. Loyalists increased the sentence to life.
    (AP, 12/30/02)
2002        Dec 30, The UN passed a resolution by a 13-0 vote with Russia and Syria abstaining that put new limits on Iraq for purchases of certain communications equipment and antibiotics.
    (AP, 1/2/03)
2002        Dec 30, In Yemen a suspected Muslim extremist, hiding his gun cradled like a baby, slipped into the Jibla Baptist Hospital and opened fire, killing three American missionaries: Dr. Martha Myers (57), William Koehn (60), and Kathleen Gariety (53). A 4th was seriously wounding. Abed Abdul Razak Kamel was sentenced to death in May for killing the missionaries. Kamel was executed on Feb 27, 2006.
    (AP, 12/30/02)(SFC, 12/31/02, p.A4)(AP, 12/30/03)(AP, 2/27/06)

2003        Dec 30, The Bush administration banned the use of meat from all sick or lame animals.
    (SFC, 12/31/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 30, The US FDA banned the dietary supplement ephedra. Some 16,000 adverse reactions had been reported along with 155 deaths.
    (WSJ, 12/30/03, p.A1)(SFC, 12/31/03, p.A1)
2003        Dec 30, The Pentagon said it will end an arrangement with Halliburton to import fuel into Iraq due to recent government audits.
    (SFC, 12/31/03, p.A9)
2003        Dec 30, FedEx agreed to acquire Kinko's for $2.2 billion.
    (WSJ, 12/31/03, p.A3)
2003        Dec 30, John Gregory Dunne (b.1932), author, screenwriter and husband of Joan Didion, died in NYC at age 71. His novels included "True Confessions" (1977).
    (SFC, 1/1/04, p.A23)(SFC, 1/2/04, p.D1)
2003        Dec 30, In Cambodia former Khmer Rouge head of state Khieu Samphan (72) acknowledged for the first time that his regime committed genocide.
    (AP, 12/30/03)
2003        Dec 30, In northeast China an explosion at a fireworks factory in Tieling, Liaoning province, killed at least 29 people. Authorities soon ordered more than 2,000 fireworks factories closed after a series of fatal explosions "sounded warning bells for the industry."
    (AP, 12/30/03)(AP, 1/3/04)
2003        Dec 30, In northern Colombia leftist rebels attacked Pozo Azul, a village in Bolivar state controlled by right-wing paramilitaries, killed 39 militia fighters and a villager.
    (AP, 12/31/03)
2003        Dec 30, Haiti police hurled tear gas and fired warning shots in Port-au-Prince to break up a protest by thousands of government opponents, wounding at least two people.
    (AP, 12/31/03)
2003        Dec 30, Anita Mui (40), Canto pop diva and film actress, died in Hong Kong of cervical cancer.
    (SFC, 1/1/04, p.A23)(SFC, 1/10/04, p.D3)
2003        Dec 30, At least 34 Indian soldiers were wounded in Kashmir when militants detonated a bomb in a shop as the bus carrying the troops passed by.
    (Reuters, 12/30/03)
2003        Dec 30, Miriam Naveira was sworn in as the new chief justice of Puerto Rico's Supreme Court, making her the first woman to hold the post.
    (AP, 12/30/03)
2003        Dec 30, The Russian Tax Ministry slapped a $3.3 billion bill for back taxes, fines and other penalties on the oil giant Yukos.
    (SFC, 12/31/03, p.B6)
2003        Dec 30, Ukraine's Constitutional Court ruled that President Leonid Kuchma can run for a third five-year term next year.
    (AP, 12/30/03)

2004        Dec 30, The death toll from the Dec 26 earthquake-tsunami catastrophe rose to more than 114,000. Indonesia estimated deaths in Aceh at over 80,000.
    (AP, 12/30/04)(SFC, 12/31/04, p.A1)
2004        Dec 30, Arkansas vowed to appeal after a judge struck down a 1999 rule barring the state from placing a foster child in any household with a gay member.
    (WSJ, 12/31/04, p.A1)
2004        Dec 30, Washington Sec. of State Sam Reed certified Democratic candidate Christine Gregoire as winner in the governor’s race by 129 votes over Republican opponent Dino Rossi.
    (SFC, 12/31/04, p.A2)
2004        Dec 30, In Tennessee 2 couples were charged with defrauding Wal-Mart of $1.5 million in 19 states by switching UPC bar codes.
    (SFC, 12/31/04, p.C3)
2004        Dec 30, Artie Shaw (94), jazz clarinetist, died in Thousand Oaks, Ca. His 8 wives included film stars Lana Turner and Ava Gardner. In 1952 he authored the autobiography: “The Trouble with Cinderella: An Outline of Identity." In 2010 Tom Nolan authored “Three Chords for Beauty’s Sake: The Life of Artie Shaw."
    (SFC, 12/31/04, p.A1)(SSFC, 5/2/10, p.F5)
2004        Dec 30, In Argentina a flare lit during a rock concert ignited the foam ceiling of a Buenos Aires nightclub packed with teenagers, starting an inferno that killed 194 people. Omar Chaban, owner of the club, later faced charges of manslaughter. In 2006 the Buenos Aires city council sacked Mayor Anibal Ibarra for failing to root out a culture of bribery and bureaucratic sloth. In 2009 judges convicted the concert promoter, three city officials and a band manager in the fire. The court absolved the Callejeros band of criminal responsibility for the blaze caused by fans' fireworks.
    (AP, 12/31/04)(AP, 12/30/05)(Econ, 3/11/06, p.35)(AP, 8/20/09)
2004        Dec 30, Mikhail Marinich, Belarus opposition figure and former economic affairs minister, was sentenced to 5 years in prison for stealing computers owned by the US Embassy. The embassy did not report any thefts and the charges were considered spurious.
    (SFC, 12/31/04, p.A3)
2004        Dec 30, Bolivia’s government under Carlos Mesa announced a 23% increase in the cost of diesel fuel and a 10% rise for petrol. Protests soon followed.
    (Econ, 1/22/05, p.35)
2004        Dec 30, Officials said Canada has found what may be a second case of mad cow disease, just a day after the US said it planned to reopen its border to Canadian beef.
    (AP, 12/30/04)
2004        Dec 30, China accused the US of pressuring Israel not to return armed drone aircraft that were sent back for upgrades following their purchase in the 1990s.
    (WSJ, 12/31/04, p.A1)
2004        Dec 30, In Iraq all 700 employees of the electoral commission in Mosul resigned following threats by militant groups.
    (SFC, 12/31/04, p.A3)
2004        Dec 30, In southern Gaza 2 Palestinians were killed in an Israeli missile strike, the 2nd day of an army raid to stop Palestinian rocket fire from the Khan Younis refugee camp.
    (AP, 12/31/04)
2004        Dec 30, King Mohammed VI of Morocco met with Canadian PM Paul Martin and ambassador Carmen Sylvain for talks about cooperation between their two countries.
    (AFP, 12/30/04)
2004        Dec 30, Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf reiterated his intention to retain his dual role of army chief and called on the opposition to accept the decision of the majority.
    (AP, 12/30/04)
2004        Dec 30, Russia said it would form a new state oil company base on the core operations of Yukos and that it would offer a minority stake to China.
    (WSJ, 12/31/04, p.A1)
2004        Dec 30, Spain approved new guidelines on immigration, including a partial amnesty aimed at giving papers to some of the 800,000 illegal immigrants estimated to be living in the country.
    (AP, 12/30/04)
2004        Dec 30, South Korea's parliament approved extending the mission of its 3,600 troops in Iraq for another year.
    (AP, 12/31/04)
2004        Dec 30, Taiwan increased interest rates by .125% pushing the discount rate to 1.75%.
    (WSJ, 12/31/04, p.A6)

2005        Dec 30, President Bush, unhappy with Congress for not permanently extending the U.S.A. Patriot Act, signed a bill renewing the anti-terrorism law for a few weeks.
    (AP, 12/30/06)
2005        Dec 30, It was revealed the Justice Department had opened an investigation into the leak of classified information about President Bush's secret domestic spying program.
    (AP, 12/30/06)
2005        Dec 30, The US FDA said contaminated dog food, sold in 23 states by Diamond Pet Foods, killed nearly two dozen dogs and sickened 18 more.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, US stock markets finished the year flat with the DJIA down 49.48 for the year, closing at 10717.50.
    (WSJ, 12/31/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 30, In Florida 87 Cubans reached shore in a series of landings that made police suspect smugglers.
    (WSJ, 12/31/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 30, A bankruptcy judge ruled that an Oregon archdiocese cannot shield parish assets to settle compensation cases of sex-abuse victims.
    (WSJ, 12/31/05, p.A1)
2005        Dec 30, Tory Dent (b.1958), American poet, died at age 47 of the AIDS-associated infection PML. In 2006 her sheep meadow Press published “Black Milk,"
    (SSFC, 2/26/06, p.M4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tory_Dent)
2005        Dec 30, Rona Jaffe (74), American writer, died in London. Her 1958 novel “The Best of Everything" was made into a 1959 film starring Hope Lange and Joan Crawford. It was directed by Jean Negulesco.
    (SSFC, 1/1/06 p.B6)
2005        Dec 30, Tropical Storm Zeta formed in the eastern Atlantic Ocean; it was the 27th storm of a record-breaking hurricane season.
    (AP, 12/30/06)
2005        Dec 30, In Argentina Pepe Eliaschev, radio broadcaster and government critic, was informed that management had ordered his show to be dropped.
    (Econ, 1/14/06, p.44)
2005        Dec 30, Across southeast Australia firefighters battled to contain scores of wildfires in scorching, tinder-dry conditions and were bracing for more blazes in the days ahead.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, In Chile former dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet was stripped of his legal immunity to face charges of diverting public funds to personal bank accounts.
    (AP, 12/31/05)
2005        Dec 30, State media said Chinese police have closed 598 Web sites in a crackdown on pornography, but online gambling and fraud are growing.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, Egyptian police turned water cannons on Sudanese war refugees and beat them with sticks, clearing out a squatters camp in a city park. At least 10 people were killed.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, Europe's second snowstorm this week piled drifts on tracks and roads, slowing rail service, stranding motorists and causing hundreds of traffic accidents. At least four deaths were attributed to a week of icy weather.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, It was reported that more than 150,000 Germans packed their bags and left in 2004 due to unemployment, the greatest exodus in any single year since the late 1940s.
    (Reuters, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, In Germany the US Air Force handed over the keys to Rhein-Main Air Base to the operator of Frankfurt International Airport in a final act of closure for the base, which for 60 years hosted American forces.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, Long lines formed at gas stations in Baghdad as word spread that Iraq's largest oil refinery had shut down in the face of threats against truck drivers, and fears grew of a gas shortage. A suicide car bomber and a mortar killed six people and injured 23 people in separate attacks in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, Two Indian soldiers were killed when they stepped on a land mine near the heavily fortified frontier that divides Kashmir between longtime rivals India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, In northwestern Pakistan an avalanche killed at least 25 people who were digging for gemstones.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, Palestinian policemen angry over the killing of a fellow officer stormed the Gaza-Egypt border crossing, firing in the air and forcing European monitors to flee and close the terminal for several hours.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, In Sierra Leone the last soldiers, in what was once the United Nations' biggest peacekeeping force, packed up old refrigerators and fax machines, striking camp after six years helping end the civil war there.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, Sudan said it will close its embassy in Baghdad in an effort to win the release of six kidnapped employees. Al-Qaida in Iraq threatened to kill the captives if the diplomatic mission remained.
    (AP, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, Sudanese security forces jailed without charge Zuheir Sirraj, a columnist for the al-Sahafa daily paper. He was accused of slandering President Omar Hassan al-Bashir in a move some parliamentarians called unconstitutional.
    (Reuters, 12/31/05)

2006        Dec 30, The body of Gerald Washington (57), mayor-elect of Westlake, Louisiana, was found shot to death in the parking lot of a former school. He was the first black man elected to lead the largely white town. On Jan 2 investigators ruled his death a suicide.
    (AP, 1/2/07)(SFC, 1/3/07, p.A2)
2006        Dec 30, In Brazil Rio police killed six suspected criminals as authorities vowed to restore order ahead of a huge New Year's Eve bash on Copacabana Beach, deploying officers across the city two days after gang-initiated violence left 19 dead.
    (AP, 12/31/06)
2006        Dec 30, Saddam Hussein (b.1937) was executed at a former military intelligence headquarters in Baghdad's Shiite neighborhood of Kazimiyah. Within hours of his death, bombings killed at least 80 people, including one planted on a minibus that exploded in a fish market in a mostly Shiite town south of Baghdad. 12 bodies were found dumped in Baghdad.
    (AP, 12/30/06)(SFC, 12/30/06, p.A8)(AP, 12/31/06)
2006        Dec 30, At least 14 people were killed and seven injured when a bus collided with an oil tanker amid heavy morning fog in central Pakistan.
    (AFP, 12/31/06)
2006        Dec 30, Thousands of Somali and Ethiopian troops set off for a showdown with Islamic forces who have regrouped at a southern seaport since abandoning the Somali capital.
    (AP, 12/30/06)
2006        Dec 30, A car bomb exploded in a parking lot at Madrid's glittery new airport terminal, and the government blamed the Basque separatist group ETA. 26 were slightly injured. The bodies of two people from Ecuador were later recovered. This signaled the apparent end of a nine-month ceasefire.
    (AP, 12/31/06)(AP, 1/6/07)
2006        Dec 30, Maria del Carmen Bousada (66) of Spain became the world's oldest mother after she gave birth to twins in the northern city of Barcelona. She had previously undergone in vitro fertilization in Los Angeles. Bousada (69) died of cancer on July 11, 2009, leaving behind her twin toddlers.
    (AP, 12/30/06)(AP, 7/15/09)

2007        Dec 30, In Uruzgan province four Afghan soldiers were killed in a mine explosion. One soldier was killed in Paktia province in another blast.
    (AP, 12/31/07)
2007        Dec 30, Belgian officials said traditional New Year's Eve fireworks in central Brussels have been canceled due to a continuing terror threat in the capital.
    (AP, 12/30/07)
2007        Dec 30, President Nicolas Sarkozy said France will have no more contact with Syria until Damascus shows its willingness to let Lebanon end its current crisis and appoint a new president.
    (AP, 12/30/07)
2007        Dec 30, Ivory Coast's New Forces rebel group, now part of the unity government, accused Ibrahim Coulibaly, one of its former leaders, of trying to stage a coup.
    (AP, 12/31/07)
2007        Dec 30, President Mwai Kibaki was declared the winner of the closest presidential election in Kenya's history, a contest marked by allegations of rigging and two days of deadly violence. Kibaki beat Raila Odinga by 231,728 votes. Kivuitu, the electoral commission chairman, acknowledged problems, including a constituency where voter turnout added up to 115 percent and another where a candidate ran away with ballot papers.
    (AP, 12/30/07)
2007        Dec 30, Former communist rebels rejoined Nepal's government, ending a political crisis that began when the ex-guerrillas walked out of a ruling coalition three months ago.
    (AP, 12/30/07)
2007        Dec 30, Bilawal Zardari (19), Benazir Bhutto's son, was chosen to succeed her as chairman of her opposition party, while her husband, Asif Ali Zardari, will serve as co-chairman, extending Pakistan's most famous political dynasty to another generation. Zardari, who became investment minister in Bhutto's second government, was nicknamed "Mr. 10 Percent" for allegedly skimming off commissions on government contracts. 3 days of unrest left more than 40 dead and tens of millions of dollars in damage. In eastern Pakistan 2 suspected suicide bombers died when they prematurely detonated their bomb near the residence of a senior leader of the ruling party.
    (AP, 12/30/07)
2007        Dec 30, In Somalia a mother and her five children were killed by a mortar round fired during fighting in Mogadishu between insurgents and Ethiopian troops.
    (AP, 12/31/07)
2007        Dec 30, Spain’s Catholic bishops called some 150,000 people onto the streets of Madrid for a rally dubbed “Christian Family Day," in opposition to Socialist PM Zapatero.
    (Econ, 1/12/08, p.46)
 2007        Dec 30, Local media reported dozens of people have been killed in fighting between Arab tribesmen and ex-rebel south Sudanese forces along the line separating north and south Sudan.
    (AFP, 12/30/07)
2007        Dec 30, Bert Bolin (82), a Swedish climate scientist and co-founder of the Nobel Peace-winning UN panel on climate change, died in Stockholm. His last book, "A History of the Science and Politics of Climate Change: The Role of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change" was published in November 2007.
    (AP, 1/2/08)
2007        Dec 30, Turkmenistan turned off gas supplies to Iran, citing technical problems, after Iran balked at a price increase to $140 per thousand cubic meters, almost double the contracted rate. The move had a domino effect causing Iran to halt gas shipments to Turkey, which in turn cut off gas to Greece.
    (WSJ, 2/4/08, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/3xmzam)
2007        Dec 30, Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko signed off on Ukraine's 2008 budget, which he hailed as proof that the country's razor-tight parliamentary majority was functioning effectively.
    (AP, 12/30/07)

2008        Dec 30, US President George W. Bush signed a nuclear inspection agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which will boost international monitoring of nuclear activities,
    (http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-12/31/content_10583484.htm)
2008        Dec 30, A US federal judge on awarded more than $65 million to several men who were captured and tortured by North Korea after the communist country seized the U.S. spy ship USS Pueblo on Jan 23, 1968. North Korea never responded to the lawsuit filed by William Thomas Massie, Donald Raymond McClarren, Dunnie Richard Tuck and the estate of Lloyd Bucher. U.S. District Judge Henry H. Kennedy Jr. entered the judgment against the country.
    (AP, 12/31/08)
2008        Dec 30, Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich named former state Attorney General Roland Burris (71) to replace Barack Obama as state senator. The surprise move put opponents in the uncomfortable position of trying to block Burris from becoming the Senate’s only black member.
    (SFC, 12/31/08, p.A3)
2008        Dec 30, The Bahamas' foreign affairs minister said China will help build a national sports stadium. Construction will start early next year in the capital of Nassau. China will send the Bahamas a $7.3 million grant as well as Chinese construction workers who will build the stadium.
    (AP, 12/31/08)
2008        Dec 30, Belgium's Flemish Christian Democrat Herman Van Rompuy reached agreement on a new coalition government of five parties, opening the way for his nomination as prime minister by King Albert II. A new government took office that is nearly a replica of the quarrelsome alliance of Christian Democrats, Liberals and Socialists that quit earlier this month in a bank bailout scandal.
    (AP, 12/30/08)
2008        Dec 30, A Chinese state-run newspaper said the companies, whose tainted milk products sickened nearly 300,000 children and were blamed in the deaths of six, will likely pay 1.1 billion yuan ($160 million) in compensation to victims' families.
    (AP, 12/30/08)
2008        Dec 30, China’s state press said paleontologists in east China have dug up what they believe is one of the world's largest group of dinosaur fossils including the remains of an enormous "platypus."
    (AFP, 12/30/08)
2008        Dec 30, Congo’s health minister said An Ebola virus outbreak has killed 11 people in western Congo. Caritas, a Catholic charity, reported that over 400 people have been killed in northeaster Congo since Christmas day.
    (AP, 12/30/08)(SFC, 12/31/08, p.A3)
2008        Dec 30, Coup leaders in Guinea named Kabine Komara, a civilian banker, as prime minister, making good on a key promise a week after seizing power upon the death of the country's dictator.
    (AP, 12/30/08)
2008        Dec 30, Iraqi forces arrested Arshad Abid Dayem, a leader of the "Soldiers of Heaven" cult, along with 4 of his aides. The cult has carried out bloody attacks during the Shiite Ashura holiday the past two years. Ashura this year falls on Jan 7.
    (AP, 12/31/08)
2008        Dec 30, In Indian Kashmir the National Conference, which with 28 seats won more than any other party, and the Congress party, which won 17, struck an agreement to form a new coalition, giving them a majority in the state parliament.
    (AP, 12/30/08)
2008        Dec 30, Paul Hofmann (96), Austria-born writer, died in Rome. During WWII he informed on his Nazi commanders in occupied Rome and later became a New York Times correspondent. Hofmann authored over a dozen books, including "That Fine Italian Hand," "The Seasons of Rome: A Journal" and "O Vatican! A Slightly Wicked View of the Holy See."
    (AP, 1/1/09)
2008        Dec 30, Libya asked oil companies to slash production by 270,000 barrels per day from Jan. 1, the latest such reduction by an OPEC member as the producer group struggles to boost faltering oil prices.
    (AP, 12/30/08)
2008        Dec 30, Pakistan closed the main route used to ferry supplies to US and allied troops in Afghanistan after launching a fresh offensive against militants in the area.
    (AP, 12/30/08)
2008        Dec 30,  Palestinian militants, armed with deadlier missiles than ever before, kept up rocket assaults against Israel, despite relentless air attacks against Gaza's Hamas rulers and unwelcome word from Egypt that it would not bail them out. More than 370 Palestinians have died since the Israeli air onslaught against Gaza's Islamic Hamas rulers began on Dec 27.
    (AP, 12/30/08)
2008        Dec 30, The Kremlin said President Dmitry Medvedev has signed a law extending presidential terms from four years to six, a move seen as paving the way for Vladimir Putin's return to the presidency.
    (AP, 12/30/08)
2008        Dec 30, Russia's natural gas company Gazprom said it will stop energy shipments to Ukraine and sharply raise the price for future deliveries if it doesn't pay a $2 billion debt by New Year's Eve. The Ukrainian government issued a decree saying two state banks would lend state energy company Naftogaz Ukrainy up to $2 billion to pay its arrears to Russia’s Gazprom. Disagreements remained on future gas costs.
    (AP, 12/30/08)(WSJ, 12/31/08, p.A5)
2008        Dec 30, In Somalia mortars slammed into a busy market in Mogadishu, as the country's weak government crumbled and the impending pullout of allied Ethiopian troops raised fears that Islamic insurgents might seize the opportunity to take over.
    (AP, 12/30/08)
2008        Dec 30, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger separatists said are open to restarting peace talks with the government, despite the continuing military offensive aimed at crushing the group.
    (AP, 12/31/08)
2008        Dec 30, In Thailand anti-government protesters abandoned their siege of the Foreign Ministry building, easing a standoff that threatened to re-ignite a long-running political crisis.
    (AP, 12/30/08)

2009        Dec 30, A US trade panel gave final approval to duties ranging from about 10 to 16% on Chinese-made steel pipe in the biggest US trade case to date against China.
    (Reuters, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, The US government gave GMAC Financial Services an additional $3.8 billion in cash and took a majority stake in the auto lender.
    (SFC, 12/31/09, p.D1)
2009        Dec 30, In Afghanistan bombings killed 14 people, including 8 Americans and an Afghan in a suicide attack at a CIA base at the edge of Khost city, and 4 Canadian soldiers and a journalist by a roadside bomb in the southern Kandahar province. Humam Khalil Abu-Mulal al-Balawi (32), a physician from Jordan, was an Al-Qaida triple agent. 7 CIA employees and a Jordanian intelligence officer were among the victims. An airstrike by international forces in Helmand province killed 7 civilians, 2 Taliban and wounded another civilian. The attack took place after an international patrol came under fire from insurgents and called for air support. Suspected Taliban militants kidnapped 2 French journalists, Stephane Taponier and Herve Ghesquiere, working for France's public television and 3 Afghan companions in Kapisa province. The release of Taponier and Ghesquiere was announced on June 29, 2011.
    (AP, 12/31/09)(AFP, 12/31/09)(AP, 1/1/10)(AP, 1/5/10)(AFP, 6/29/11)
2009        Dec 30, In Antarctica 7 women on a 562-mile trek reached the South Pole, 38 days after they began their adventure to mark the 60th anniversary of the Commonwealth.
    (SFC, 12/31/09, p.A2)
2009        Dec 30, An Argentine judge convicted former Santa Fe Roman Catholic Archbishop Edgardo Storni of sexually abusing a seminarian in 1992.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, In Burundi the last South African soldiers from the African Union Special Task Force still operating in Burundi completed their mission and left the country for good to return to South Africa.
    (AFP, 12/31/09)
2009        Dec 30, Canada’s spokesman for PM Stephen Harper announced that Parliament would remain closed until March 3, instead of returning in the last week of January. The prorogation meant that all committees in both houses are disbanded and all bills become dead.
    (Econ, 1/9/10, p.39)
2009        Dec 30, An unknown amount of oil poured from a China National Petroleum Corp. pipeline into the Wei River in Shaanxi province following a construction accident. The pipeline links the capitals of northwest Gansu province and central Henan province. Shaanxi TV later said 20 miles (33 km) along the Wei were polluted by the leak, estimated at 40,000 gallons.
    (AP, 1/2/10)
2009        Dec 30, Leon Yao Liang (87), a bishop in China's underground church, died in the northern township of Xiwanzi, where he had been auxiliary bishop since 2002. He had been imprisoned for more than 28 years under the communists.
    (AP, 1/4/10)
2009        Dec 30, It was reported that Karsten Nohl (28), a German security expert, and group of researchers posted a how-to guide for cracking the encryption that keeps the phone calls of millions of people secret. GSM encoding keeps most of the world's mobile phones safe from prying ears.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, Former Indonesian President Abdurrahman Wahid (69) died. He briefly ruled during the nation's first tumultuous years of democracy (1999-2001) and sought peace in far-flung secessionist provinces.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, In Iran tens of thousands of hard-line government supporters turned out for state-sponsored rallies, some of them calling for the execution of opposition leaders as Iran's police chief threatened to show "no mercy" in crushing any new protests by the pro-reform movement.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, In Iraq staggered explosions killed at least 26 people in Ramadi, 13 of them policemen, and wounded Anbar provincial governor Kassim Mohammad Fahdlawi as well as some 100 others. Peter Moore, a British hostage held for over two years by militants, was released safely in Baghdad. In the town of Khalis, about 50 miles (80km) northeast of Baghdad, a bomb killed 7 pilgrims taking part in a procession to commemorate the death of a Shiite revered saint.
    (AP, 12/30/09)(Reuters, 12/30/09)(SFC, 12/31/09, p.A3)
2009        Dec 30, An Iraqi official said the Angolan national oil company Sonangol has signed preliminary deals to develop two small oil fields in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, Irish Roman Catholic Cardinal Cahal Daly (92), a philosopher who led the church in Ireland during some of the worst years of IRA violence, died in Belfast.
    (AP, 12/31/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cahal_Daly)
2009        Dec 30, It was reported that Israel's Supreme Court has ordered the military to let Palestinians travel on the part of Route 443 that runs through the West Bank, which was closed in 2002. The court gave the military five months to implement the ruling.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, Mexican police captured alleged drug lord Carlos Beltran Leyva, just two weeks after his even more powerful brother was killed in a shootout with troops. The bound, beaten bodies of two men were found hanging by their necks from a highway overpass in Los Mochis, northern Sinaloa state, along with a handwritten message from a drug cartel. The message written on a piece of cardboard said in part that "this territory already has an owner." In Ciudad Juarez 12 people, including a 3-year-old child, were slain in shootings. Linea Directa radio station reporter Jose Luis Romero was forced at gunpoint out of a Los Mochis restaurant. Romero’s body was found on Jan 16, 2010.
    (AP, 12/30/09)(AP, 1/3/10)(AP, 1/16/10)
2009        Dec 30, The Netherlands announced it will immediately begin using full body scanners for flights heading to the United States, issuing a report that called the failed Christmas Day airline bombing a "professional" terror attack.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, A Nigerian official says the nation will purchase 3-D, full body scanners after Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab passed through Nigeria's biggest airport before trying to bring down a US-bound flight on Christmas Day.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, In Pakistan's tribal belt, Taj Mohammad (38), a key anti-Taliban elder, was shot dead and his bullet-riddled body found dumped on a roadside in the district of Bajaur.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, Somali pirates attacked the 105,000-ton MV Album, a Kuwaiti-flagged oil tanker, but failed to seize it.
    (AP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, Spain's socialist government approved a 1.5% increase in the national minimum wage to 633.3 euros ($911.2) from 624 euros a month during its last cabinet meeting of the year.
    (AFP, 12/30/09)
2009        Dec 30, Yemeni security forces stormed an al-Qaida hide-out in a principle militant stronghold in the country's west, setting off clashes, as a security chief vowed to fight the group's powerful local branch until it was eliminated.
    (AP, 12/30/09)

2010        Dec 30, In southern Afghanistan 14 Afghan civilians were killed and four others injured when a minivan struck a roadside bomb in Helmand province. Several insurgents and a child were killed in fighting during a joint operation with Afghan forces targeting a Taliban logistics officer in a compound in Wardak province. Afghan and coalition troops killed Maulvi Bahadar (Bahadur), the Taliban "shadow governor" of northern Kunduz province.
    (AFP, 12/30/10)(AP, 12/31/10)(AP, 1/2/11)
2010        Dec 30, Reporters Without Borders said that since Dec. 25, the Belarus KGB had searched the offices of 3 news outlets and an opposition party, the homes of 2 journalists, 2 human rights activists, 2 former presidential candidates and 4 of their advisers. The homes of 2 more journalists were searched the next day.
    (AP, 12/31/10)
2010        Dec 30, In Bolivia protests against sharp increases in gas prices turned violent as thousands demanded that Pres. Morales’ government repeal the hike.
    (SFC, 12/31/10, p.A2)
2010        Dec 30, Brazil's state-run Petrobras confirmed that oil fields recently discovered offshore contained 8.3 billion barrels of recoverable crude and gas, and said the biggest field was being renamed "Lula."
    (AFP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 30, Cambodia charged seven Thais, including a ruling party politician, with illegal entry and put them in jail awaiting possible trial, despite strong protests from Thailand. The detainees were inspecting contested territory from Thailand's eastern Sa Kaeo province when they were captured a day earlier by Cambodian soldiers.
    (AFP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 30, In China Zeng Jinchun was shot to death for taking more than $4.7 million in bribes. He was the ruling Communist party's top corruption inspector for Chenzhou city in the central province of Hunan. Zeng was found guilty of taking the 31 million yuan in bribes in return for handing out mining contracts and job promotions over a decade ending in 2006.
    (AP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 29, China’s Xinhua News Agency reported that a fire at a factory belonging to the Quanxin Pharmaceutical Co. in southwestern China's Yunnan province caused a blast that killed at least five people and injured eight others.
    (AP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 30, In Croatia the leading daily Sata published only good news for today. A huge smiley face appeared on the front page, and politics and crime were banished. The horoscope still forecast trouble for people with some signs.
    (AP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 30, In Greece a powerful bomb hidden on a parked motorcycle exploded outside two court buildings in central Athens and a small bomb went off outside the Greek embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina, but neither caused injuries.
    (AP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 30, Iran media reported the arrest of seven Al-Qaeda militants in the northwestern province of West Azerbaijan.
    (AFP, 12/31/10)
2010        Dec 30, In Iraq at least four Christian homes in Baghdad were hit in the first string of attacks since al-Qaida-linked militants last week renewed their threats of violence against Christians. 2 people were killed when a bomb exploded outside a Christian family's house in Baghdad's eastern neighborhood of al-Gahdir.
    (AP, 12/31/10)
2010        Dec 30, In Israel former President Moshe Katsav (65) was convicted of raping an employee when he was a Cabinet minister in 1998. "Relax, you'll enjoy it." He held the largely ceremonial office of president from 2000-2007.
    (AP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 30, Israeli troops seized Khalil al-Rabai, a Hamas member of the Palestinian parliament, the fifth to be rearrested recently after serving previous prison terms. With Rabai's arrest the number of Hamas MPs in Israeli custody is now believed to be 13.
    (AFP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 30, In Poland Anders Hogstrom, a Swedish man, was sentenced to two years and eight months in prison for instigating the December 2009 theft of the notorious "Arbeit Macht Frei" ("Work Sets You Free") sign from the former Auschwitz death camp.
    (AP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 30, In southwestern Poland 3 miners were killed by falling rocks after a minor earthquake at a copper mine.
    (AP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 30, In Qatar Mathaf, the first Arab Museum of Modern Art, opened.
    (Econ, 1/1/11, p.74)
2010        Dec 30, Jailed Russian oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky was sentenced to six more years in prison following a trial seen as payback for his defiance of Vladimir Putin.
    (AP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 30, A Spanish court convicted four Civil Guard police officers of torturing members of the armed Basque group ETA who were arrested for bombing Madrid's airport in 2006. The officers were found guilty of beating and threatening Mattin Sarasola and Igor Portu after they were taken into custody in 2008.
    (AP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 30, A Thai court ordered prison terms for 79 members of the right-wing, nationalist "Yellow Shirt" movement who stormed a state television station two years ago armed with guns, knives and clubs.
    (AP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 30, Turkey’s the state-run Anatolia news agency said police have detained 10 people suspected of links to the al-Qaida terror network and accused of preparing to stage an attack before New Year's Eve.
    (AP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 30, The United Nations accused Ivory Coast incumbent leader Laurent Gbagbo's security forces of blocking access to mass graves, saying investigators believe as many as 80 bodies may be in one building that UN personnel are being kept from entering.
    (AP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 30, The Independent Human Rights Defenders Group said at least 39 people have died of torture in prisons of authoritarian Uzbekistan this year amid a spiraling crackdown on religious groups and government critics.
    (AP, 12/30/10)
2010        Dec 30, Pope Benedict XVI issued new norms governing the Vatican’s banking system.
    (SFC, 12/31/10, p.A2)
2010        Dec 30, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez's government devalued its bolivar currency for the second time in 12 months, abolishing the lowest exchange rate as the OPEC member fights to revive its economy.
    (Reuters, 12/31/10)
2010        Dec 30, Yemen released hundreds of detained Shiite rebels as part of a ceasefire in their years long conflict.
    (AP, 12/31/10)
2010        Dec 30, Cyber activists said they have brought down Zimbabwean government websites after the president's wife sued a newspaper for publishing a WikiLeaks cable linking her with illicit diamond trading.
    (Reuters, 12/30/10)

2011        Dec 30, Afghan security forces took control of Nad Ali, Nawa and Marjah as part of the second wave of security transition. A roadside bomb killed four civilians in Uruzgan province. A suicide bomber and his accomplice were killed on a motorbike in Trinkot city. A British ISAF service member was killed by an IED in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)(AFP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 30, Thousands of Bahrainis, mostly Shiites, marched in the capital city of Manama to demand the immediate resignation of the government.
    (AP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, In Britain administrator Deloitte said around 1,600 jobs are to go at shoe retailer Barratts Priceless after attempts to find a buyer for the concessions business failed. The Bradford-based Barratts collapsed into administration earlier this month.
    (Reuters, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, Britain’s National Health Service (NHS) Information Center reported that the use of anti-depressant drugs in England has soared by 28 percent in the past three years, coinciding with the country's fall into recession and the global economic crisis.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, Ronald Searle (b.1920, British artist and satirical cartoonist, died in France. He survived the notorious Death Railway while a prisoner of war of the Japanese during World War II. He is perhaps best remembered as the creator of St Trinian's School and for his collaboration with Geoffrey Willans on the Molesworth series.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Searle)(Econ, 1/14/12, p.94)
2011        Dec 30, Chinese prosecutors in the eastern city of Xiamen indicted Lai Changxing for allegedly masterminding a network that smuggled everything from cigarettes to cars and oil and bribed dozens of government workers between 1996 and 1999. Lai became China's most-wanted man after he fled to Canada in 1999 and fought extradition for 12 years until he was deported in July.
    (AP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, China’s food safety regulator in Shenzhen said it had found excessive levels of aflatoxin in peanuts sold in three stores, and in cooking oil in four restaurants.
    (AFP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 30, In northern China Muslim villagers in Taoshan, Ningxia region, clashed with police after their mosque was demolished. At least 2 people were killed. The Hui villagers were part of a Mandarin speaking community of some 10 million descended from Silk Road traders.
    (SFC, 1/4/12, p.A4)
2011        Dec 30, In southern Colombia a bomb exploded at a police station in Orito, killing the wife and son of a police officer and injuring at least six other people.
    (AP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 30, The Republic of Congo said it has banned 69 Chinese fishing boats from its waters for illicit activities.
    (AP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, In India a severe cyclone packing winds of 135 km (83 miles) an hour tore into the southeastern coast. At 42 people died when Cyclone Thane hit coastal southern India near the former French colony of Pondicherry.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)(Reuters, 12/31/11)(AP, 1/1/12)
2011        Dec 30, Israel said its warplanes killed a senior jihadist militant in Gaza thwarting a rocket fire attempt. Palestinians said that Moamen abu-Daff, known locally as a fundamentalist Islamic Salafi militant, was killed in a raid east of Gaza City that also wounded another man.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, The Maldives government said it has decided to close massage parlors and spas, following an opposition-led religious protest last week calling for their closure. Sunni Islam is the official religion in the Maldives and practicing any other faith is forbidden.
    (AP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, In Nigeria gunmen killed two civilians in Maiduguri, a town plagued by attacks from a radical Muslim sect.
    (AP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 30, In Pakistan a car bomb killed eight people and injured at least 18 others in the southwestern city of Quetta, which is riven by ethic and sectarian violence. 7 more bodies were found in the rubble the next day bringing the death toll to 15.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)(AFP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 30, Philippine police arrested a member of an Al-Qaeda-linked extremist group. The suspect allegedly took part in the kidnapping of guests and workers of a resort in the western Philippines in 2001 including an American couple, Martin and Gracia Burnham, and a Chilean-born American, Guillermo Sobero.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, At midnight on Dec 29 Samoa leaped to Dec 31 to align itself with trading partners. For the country’s 186,000 citizens, Dec 30, 2011 will simply not exist.
    (SFC, 12/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Dec 30, Senegal's Interior Minister Ousmane Ngom banned the carrying of firearms for a period of four months which will include presidential elections, after recent violent political clashes.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, Spain’s new PM Mariano Rajoy announced tax rises on income, savings and property. The top tax rate will jump 7 points to 52%.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.44)
2011        Dec 30, In Sudan all six crewmen aboard a military helicopter were killed when it crash-landed and burned in North Kordofan state.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)
2011        Dec 30, Hundreds of thousands of Syrians poured into the streets across the nation in the largest protests in months, shouting for the downfall of the regime in a defiant display invigorated by the presence of Arab observers. Activists said at least 35 people were killed across the country, most of them shot during anti-government protests. Syrian forces were accused of firing nail bombs to disperse protesters. The rebel Free Syrian Army said it has stopped its offensive against government targets during a month-long mission by Arab League monitors, saying it wants to expose how the regime is killing peaceful protesters. 5 members of the security forces were reported shot dead in a clash in Homs.
    (AP, 12/30/11)(AFP, 12/30/11)(Reuters, 12/31/11)(SFC, 12/31/11, p.A3)
2011        Dec 30, Syria's two largest opposition groups signed an agreement in Cairo on setting up a democracy after President Bashar Assad's regime falls.
    (AP, 12/31/11)
2011        Dec 30, Tens of thousands of Yemenis held demonstrations around the country to demand their longtime president face trial for the killings of hundreds of unarmed protesters in the pro-democracy uprising that began 10 months ago.
    (AP, 12/30/11)

2012        Dec 30, In Oregon a tour bus careened through a guardrail on an icy part of I-84 and several hundred feet down a steep embankment, killing five people and injuring about 20 others.
    (AP, 12/30/12)
2012        Dec 30, In London Mary Konye (22) disguised herself with a veil and attacked Naomi Oni (22), leaving her with disfiguring burns on her face, a hand and a thigh. On March 21, 2014, Konye was sentenced to 12 years in jail for throwing acid on her friend's face following an argument.
    (AP, 3/21/14)
2012        Dec 30, French reinforcements arrived in the Central African Republic from nearby Gabon, bringing the total French military force in the capital, Bangui, to nearly 600.
    (AP, 12/30/12)
2012        Dec 30, In eastern India a passenger train struck and killed 5 elephants in a herd crossing railroad tracks in the Rambha forest area.
    (SFC, 12/31/12, p.A2)
2012        Dec 30, In western Iraq gunshots wounded at least two people at demonstrations when bodyguards protecting a senior Sunni politician opened fire to disperse protesters near Ramadi.
    (AP, 12/30/12)
2012        Dec 30, Israel's Justice Ministry filed its indictment against former Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman in a Jerusalem court, charging him with breach of trust and fraud. He was accused of trying to advance the career of a former diplomat after the envoy relayed information to him about a criminal investigation into business dealings.
    (AP, 12/30/12)
2012        Dec 30, The Israeli military began allowing shipments of gravel to Gaza's private sector because the Israeli attacks on Hamas' military operations in November cowed the militant group into quiet.
    (AP, 12/31/12)
2012        Dec 30, Rita Levi Montalcini (b1909), Italian scientist and Nobel Prize winner, died. She shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1986 with American Stanley Cohen for discovering mechanisms that regulate the growth of cells and organs.
    (Econ, 1/5/13, p.74)
2012        Dec 30, In Libya an explosion at an Egyptian Coptic church in Misrata has killed two people and wounded two others.
    (AP, 12/30/12)
2012        Dec 30, In New Zealand Oscar-winning sound editor Mike Hopkins (53), who worked on the "Lord of the Rings" trilogy and other Peter Jackson films, died in a rafting accident.
    (AP, 12/31/12)
2012        Dec 30, In southwest Pakistan a suicide bomber driving a vehicle packed with explosives rammed into a bus carrying Shiite Muslim pilgrims, killing 19 people in Baluchistan's Mastung district. Early today 21 tribal policemen, believed to have been kidnapped by the Taliban, were found shot dead in the Jabai area of Frontier Region Peshawar. 2 army soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in the North Waziristan tribal area.
    (AP, 12/30/12)
2012        Dec 30, State-owned South African Broadcasting Corporation reported that several tens of thousands of people took a traffic officer fitness test late last week and that many collapsed from dehydration and heat exhaustion. 7 deaths were reported.
    (AP, 12/30/12)
2012        Dec 30, Spain's Interior Ministry said police have arrested 17 people on suspicion of smuggling Nigerian women into Spain and forcing them into prostitution using threats including claims they would cast Voodoo spells on them if they didn't comply.
    (AP, 12/30/12)
2012        Dec 30, Syrian rebels captured an oil pumping station and a military post that used to protect the station in the province of Raqqa after days of fighting.
    (AP, 12/30/12)

2013        Dec 30, The US FAA selected six states (Alaska, Nevada, New York, North Dakota, Texas and Virginia) to test how drones can be more widely used in US airspace. 24 states had competed for selection.
    (SFC, 12/31/13, p.A6)
2013        Dec 30, In North Dakota a mile-long train carrying crude oil derailed 5 miles from Casselton. As many as 20 cars caught fire.
    (SFC, 12/31/13, p.A6)
2013        Dec 30, Afghanistan rejected as baseless a US intelligence forecast that the gains the United States and allies have made in the past three years will be significantly rolled back by 2017.
    (Reuters, 12/30/13)
2013        Dec 30, Bahraini authorities said they have seized a boat smuggling explosives made in Iran and Syria into the Sunni-ruled kingdom, which quashed a Shiite-led uprising in 2011.
    (AFP, 12/30/13)
2013        Dec 30, In Central African Republic heavy weapons fire rang out in the north of Bangui early today in what the government said were clashes with Christian militias.
    (Reuters, 12/30/13)
2013        Dec 30, China published results of an August-September audit on local government liabilities. It show a total local debt of $1.8 trillion at the end of June. The addition of explicit and implict debt guarantees raised the total to $2.95 trillion, about a third of the country’s GDP.
    (Econ, 1/4/14, p.32)
2013        Dec 30, Chinese police shot dead eight people during a "terrorist attack" in the western region of Xinjiang, raising the death toll from violent clashes there to at least 35 since November.
    (Reuters, 12/30/13)
2013        Dec 30, Congolese security forces repelled a wave of coordinated attacks against symbols of power in the capital Kinshasa and other cities, leaving dozens of assailants dead in a day of fierce gunbattles. Congo's army clashed with followers of religious leader Paul Joseph Mukungubila Mutombo in the eastern mining city of Lubumbashi. The clashes left over 100 people dead and Mutombo went on the run.
    (AFP, 12/30/13)(Reuters, 12/30/13)(AFP, 12/31/13)
2013        Dec 30, An Egyptian court sentenced 139 Islamist supporters of ousted Pres. Morsi to two years in jail over violence that erupted in July. Egyptian security arrested Anas Beltagi, the son of a Muslim Brotherhood leader, along with two other on charges of inciting violence.
    (AFP, 12/30/13)(Reuters, 12/31/13)
2013        Dec 30, In Greece unidentified assailants opened fire on the German ambassador's residence in Athens with a Kalashnikov assault rifle in an attack seen as an attempt to sour relations between debt-laden Greece and its biggest creditor nation. Michalis Liapis (62), a former transport minister, received a four-year suspended sentence for driving an uninsured luxury car with fake license plates in an apparent tax dodge.
    (Reuters, 12/30/13)(AP, 12/30/13)
2013        Dec 30, In Indonesia Islamic police in the sharia stronghold of Banda Aceh seized thousands of firecrackers and cardboard trumpets after the city administration banned New Year's Eve celebrations for the first time.
    (AFP, 12/31/13)
2013        Dec 30, Iraqi security forces killed 10 gunmen in clashes that broke out in the Ramadi area as they tore down a year-old Sunni Arab protest camp. Iraqi forces battled militants in Fallujah as clashes spread after an anti-government protest camp was demolished.
    (AFP, 12/30/13)
2013        Dec 30, Lebanese forces fired on Syrian aircraft that violated the country's airspace, the first time they have done so since Syria's uprising broke out three years ago.
    (AP, 12/30/13)
2013        Dec 30, Libyan forces in Misrata captured Saifallah Benahssine, the leader of Tunisia's Islamist militant group Ansar al-Sharia. Benahssine had declared loyalty to al Qaeda and was accused of inciting an attack on the US embassy in Tunisia in September 2012.
    (Reuters, 12/30/13)
2013        Dec 30, In Madagascar, Hery Rajaonarimampianina, the candidate supported by strongman Andry Rajoelina, held a seemingly unassailable 53% lead in the island's run-off presidential poll, with ballots from over 96% of the voting stations in.
    (AFP, 12/30/13)
2013        Dec 30, A Mauritania judicial committee, chaired by President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, met and decided to create a court to try crimes of slavery.
    (AFP, 12/31/13)
2013        Dec 30, Myanmar's reformist President Thein Sein granted a pardon to people convicted of or charged with a variety of political offenses. It wasn't immediately clear how many people are covered by the pardon.
    (AP, 12/30/13)
2013        Dec 30, Pakistan's national sharia court, which hears cases under the country's Islamic legislation, appointed a female judge for the first time in its 33-year history. Ashraf Jehan (56) made history as she took the oath in Karachi.
    (AFP, 12/30/13)
2013        Dec 30, In Russia a suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowded trolleybus in the southern city of Volgograd, killing 15 people. It was the second bloody terrorist attack to hit Volgograd in as many days and the third in recent months.
    (AP, 12/30/13)(Reuters, 12/30/13)
2013        Dec 30, In Senegal Sidy Lamine Niass, founder and CEO of Walfadjri, one of the country’s largest media groups, was detained after accusing President Macky Sall of building up wealth through corruption.
    (AFP, 12/31/13)
2013        Dec 30, Disarmament teams returned Scandinavian escort vessels to port as they accepted an end-of-year deadline for the removal of Syrian chemical weapons could no longer be met. Norway and Denmark were providing ships to transfer the the chemical weapons to the Cape Ray, an American-owned ship fitted with equipment to break down lethal chemical agents to an industrial toxic waste.
    (AFP, 12/31/13)(Econ, 12/14/13, p.58)
2013        Dec 30, Thai police staged a protest to show their frustration after weeks of dealing with aggressive and often violent anti-government demonstrators, with officers saying that the order for them to show restraint has left them vulnerable and humiliated.
    (AP, 12/30/13)
2013        Dec 30, The UN appealed for the Syrian army and rebel fighters to allow urgent aid to reach a Palestinian district of southern Damascus where it said 15 people have died of malnutrition in recent months.
    (Reuters, 12/30/13)
2013        Dec 30, In southern Yemen 5 soldiers and 3 militants were killed during an attack on an army position in which the assailants also abducted four troops.
    (AFP, 12/30/13)
2013        Dec 30, Venezuela’s Pres. Nicolas Maduro acknowledged that annual inflation had hit 56%.
    (SFC, 12/31/13, p.A2)
2013        Dec 30, In Zimbabwe the owners of mainly small businesses selling cheap consumer goods said they were informed of a weekend statement by empowerment minister Francis Nhema that they have been allowed to continue trading as authorities reversed an ultimatum for them to close their businesses by Jan 1.
    (AP, 12/30/13)

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