Timeline Arizona

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State site: http://www.state.az.us/

Arizona is about the same size as Italy.
(SSFC, 10/9/05, Par p.27)
The state flower is the white budding of the saguaro cactus; the state amphibian is the Arizona tree frog; the state neckwear is the bolo tie.
    (WSJ, 3/11/98, p.A1)

 The Arizona story began when the sea covered everything and the land was an ocean floor. As the water receded and the earth's crust  began to dry and settle, volcanoes spouted hot lava, mountain ranges were pushed high into the air, remaining water became rivers and streams cutting deep canyons, and some areas became so dry, deserts were formed. This process of land formation took millions of years, and when the earth ceased its restlessness, in Arizona it left a pattern of great variety and contrast.
  The southwest corner of the state became desert, with craggy, barren mountains rising abruptly from its level floor; while in the southeast corner rolling hills with sparse vegetation and the "Wonderland of Rocks" developed. Sweeping from the eastern border and curving northward through the center of Arizona a cool, green mountain and valley wonderland was formed. Its altitudes, varying from 2,000 to 8,000 feet, are sharply cut by the Mogollon Rim, a sheer cliff extending for more than 200 miles and itself rising to heights of 7,500 feet. Here lakes and streams were formed and the greatest stand of Ponderosa Pine in the nation grew.
  Above the Rim, near Flagstaff, a part of the earth was pushed up to a height of 12,670 feet to form San Francisco Peaks, the highest elevation in the state. It is snow-clad most of the year. In the northeast corner a vast desert-like plateau emerged. Millions of years ago its edge to the south was a part of a vast forest. Through the ages it was buried under volcanic ash, waters, sand and mud and then uncovered again to become today's petrified forest, with fallen trees now turned to multi-colored stone.
  To the west of Navajo land the elements seem to have made a last furious fling and left the Colorado River flowing a mile deep through the rainbow-hued Grand Canyon. Humans lived in this area 20,000 years ago. Traces of early agricultural civilizations are found throughout the state. High, almost inaccessible cliff dwellings still stand in silent evidence of another prehistoric race.
  Even the vast irrigation system surrounding Arizona's capital city, Phoenix, follows ancient patterns of canals used to irrigate the HoHokam farmlands with water from the Gila and Salt Rivers. From tree ring studies, we know that from 1276 to 1299 A.D. there was a great drought which ended the prehistoric civilization. When Columbus discovered America, Arizona was inhabited by ancestors of present day Indians.
  The written history of Arizona began when the Spaniards sent exploration parties northward from Mexico. The first was a Franciscan priest named Marcos de Niza, who entered the territory in 1539. Other Spanish missionaries followed to establish missions to bring Christianity to the Indians. Tumacacori Mission, north of Nogales, was founded by Padre Kino at the center of an Indian settlement. Padre Kino also laid the foundations for San Xavier del Bac Mission on the outskirts of today's Tucson.
 (Time, 1990s Almanac)

2Bil BC    The Grand Canyon floor was formed. Joseph Wood Krutch in 1957 wrote his book “Grand Canyon: Today and All Its Yesterdays." In 1998 Stephen J. Pyne wrote: “How the Canyon Became Grand."
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, BR p.12)

6Mil BC-5Mil BC    The carving of the Grand Canyon dramatically accelerated during this period. By modern times it stretched 277-miles, 18 miles at its widest point, with depths up to 6,000 feet. In 2008 evidence suggested that the canyon could be 17 million years old.
    (SFC, 3/7/08, p.A6)

2.8Mil BC    Volcanic eruptions in the area of Flagstaff, Arizona, began building a 16,000-foot volcano. It later became known as the San Francisco Mountain and in 2006 stood at 12,643-feet.
    (SSFC, 7/23/06, p.G4)

250Mil-200Mil    The Chinle Formation of sedimentary rock was laid down by rivers in much of New Mexico and Arizona during this period. In 2007 scientists reported that fossil bones found in the Chinle Formation indicated that dinosaurs and their early relatives lived side by side for millions of years before the relatives died off leaving dinosaurs to dominate.
    (SFC, 7/20/07, p.A4)

220Mil BC    A long-snouted fish lived about this time. Fossils of the fish were later found in China. In 2015 a fossilized jawbone section of a related fish was found at the Petrified Forest National Park in Arizona.
    (SFC, 9/4/15, p.A8)

190Mil BC    In 2008 scientists discovered numerous dinosaur footprints dating to this time at the Vermilion Cliffs National Monument along the Utah and Arizona state border.
    (SFC, 10/22/08, p.A4)

1.25 Mill-250,000BC Over this period there were 13 major periods of eruption by volcanoes in the Grand Canyon with more than 150 lava flows into the canyon. These are described in the 1997 book “Late Cenozoic Lava Dams in the Western Grand Canyon," by W.K. Hamblin.
    (NH, 9/97, p.37, 39)

1 Million BP    A Grand Canyon lava dam created a lake larger than Lake Mead and Lake Powell combined. It extended from Toroweap Canyon back through Lake Powell to beyond Moab, Utah-- a distance of more than 400 miles.
    (NH, 9/97, p.39)

740000BC    The Red Mountain cinder cone at Flagstaff, Arizona, dated to this time.
    (SSFC, 7/23/06, p.G4)

50000BC    Arizona’s Barringer Crater was created about this time by a meteor. Named after mining engineer Daniel Barringer, it measures 3/4 of a mile wide and 640 feet deep and is suspected to have resulted from a meteor of about 100 feet in diameter. An iron meteor 100 feet in diameter and weighing about 60,000 tons crashed into the desert at about 45,000 miles per hour near Winslow, Az. A crater 4,000 feet wide and 570 feet deep was created. 85% of it melted and the rest broke into bits called Canyon Diablo meteorites.
    (SFC, 7/2/99, p.A7)(www.barringercrater.com/science/)

8000BC    About this time Vulcan’s Throne was formed from a volcanic eruption near the rim of the inner gorge of the Grand Canyon over Toroweap Canyon, Az.
    (NH, 9/97, p.40)
8000BC    In 2007 workers digging at the future site of a Wal-Mart store in suburban Mesa, Az., unearthed the bones of a prehistoric camel that's estimated to be about 10,000 years old.
    (AP, 4/28/07)

1690BCE    A kernel of corn was found in 1997 in the McKuen Cave in Eastern Arizona that dated to this time.
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, Z1 p.2)

1500BC     The Basketmaker culture of the Ancient Pueblo People began about this time and continued until about AD 500 with the beginning of the Pueblo I Era. In 2014 archeologists discovered an ancient village built during the Basketmaker period with 50-70 pit houses organized in rings on about 66 acres Arizona’s Petrified Forest National Park.
    (SFC, 10/11/14, p.A8)

c1,000BCE    Irrigation canals were made in the Tucson basin.
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, Z1 p.2)

c800BCE    Large villages with dome-shaped "pit houses" were constructed in the American southwest and the inhabitants made plainware pottery bowls.
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, Z1 p.2)

c200-1450    The Hohokam people lived in the area of Tucson.
    (SSFC, 3/31/02, p.C6)

c300-1300    The Anasazis inhabited the Canyon de Chelly and the Canyon del Muerto in northeast Arizona over this period.
    (SFEC, 11/29/98, p.T8)

c500-1100    The Sinagua people lived in the area of Sunset Crater.
    (AM, 3/04, p.48)

c1000    The Sinagua Indians made granaries in the cliffs along the Verde River some 100 miles north of Phoenix.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, p.T6)

1040-1100    Eruptions at Sunset Crater, Az., are believed to have lasted over this period.
    (NH, 6/97, p.56)(AM, 3/04, p.50)

1040-1275    As many as 12 families occupied the White House of Canyon de Chelly.
    (SSFC, 1/7/01, p.T10)

1100        A volcano erupted about this time in the area of Flagstaff, Arizona.
    (SSFC, 7/23/06, p.G4)

1100-1300    About this period volcanic ash and molten rock sprayed the area of the Wupatki Basin near Flagstaff, Arizona for as long as 200 years.
    (SSFC, 7/23/06, p.G5)

1125        Sinaguan people built a 5-story limestone dwelling, later known as Montezuma Castle, near Sedona, Az.
    (SSFC, 7/6/03, p.C9)

1130-1150    Tree growth rings revealed that a drought occurred in the southwest US. This period corresponded with the abandonment of Anasazi dwelling sites in Arizona.
    (Hem., 5/97, p.79)

1540        Aug 25, Explorer Hernando de Alarcon traveled up the Colorado River.
    (chblue.com, 8/25/01)

1540        Garcia Lopez de Cardenas, a Spanish conquistador, became the first European to know the Colorado and the Grand Canyon.
    (NG, 5.1988, Mem Forum)(SFEC, 10/4/98, BR p.12)

1691        Father Eusebio Kino founded the Tumacacori mission 45 miles south of Tucson.
    (SSFC, 3/31/02, p.C6)

1775        Sep 29, Mexican Captain Juan Bautista de Anza (39) and his party of Spanish soldiers and setters departed Tubac, Arizona, on a journey to the SF Bay Area following reports of a great river flowing into the bay. Anza led 240 soldiers, priests and settlers to Monterey. Jose Manuel Valencia was one of the soldiers. His son, Candelario Valencia, later served in the military at the Presidio and owned a ranch in Lafayette and property next to Mission Dolores. One of the soldiers was Don Salvio Pacheco.
    (SFEC, 9/21/97, p.C7)(SFC, 12/31/99, p.A22)(SFC, 9/14/13, p.C4)

1776        Spanish explorers encountered the native Havasupai Indians in Arizona.
    (SSFC, 2/19/06, p.F4)

1841        Joseph Smith Jr. and some of the Latter Day Saints settled as tenants of Mark Aldrich (1802-1873), a former Illinois state senator, in what would be called Warren, Illinois. Smith and Aldrich later had a falling out and in 1844 Aldrich was accused of ordering his men to kill Smith. Aldrich was acquitted and moved to California and then to Arizona where he became the first mayor of Tucson.
    (SFC, 6/14/14, p.C2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_Aldrich)

1846        Dec 11, A herd of wild cattle stampeded the rear companies of the Mormon Battalion near Tombstone, Arizona. As a result of what came to be known as the Battle of the Bulls, approximately 12 bulls were killed, two mules were gored, and three men were wounded, including future California governor, Lieutenant George Stoneman.
    (HNQ, 2/12/02)

1847        Miners of Don Miguel Peralta discovered gold about this time in the Superstition Mountains of Arizona. His family abandoned the claim after their mining party was massacred by Apache Indians.
    (www.ghostradiox.com/qfg/legend_peralta.asp)(AHHT, 10/02, p.16)(AH, 10/02, p.16)

1848        May 30, Mexico ratified the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo giving US: New Mexico, California and parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona & Colorado in return for $15 million.
    (MC, 5/30/02)

1848        Mexico was forced to sell most of the territory that is now Arizona to the United States following its defeat in the Mexican-American war.
    (AP, 5/20/10)

c1850s        The immigrant Oatman family was ambushed by the Mohave Indians near the Colorado River.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.T8)

1852        The Hopi people of northern Arizona arranged for a diplomatic packet to reach Pres. Fillmore via a delegation of 5 prominent men from the Tewas of Tesuque Pueblo in New Mexico, who sought legal protection from Anglo and Hispanic settlers.
    (NH, 11/1/04, p.26)

1853        Dec 30, The United States bought some 45,000 square miles of land from Mexico in a deal known as the Gadsden Purchase. It included parts of Arizona and New Mexico (29,640 sq. miles) south of the Gila River. The purchase was ratified by Congress on April 25, 1854.
    (AWAM, Dec. 94, p.31)(HFA, ‘96, p.28)(AHD, p.537)(AP, 12/30/97)

1857        Army Lt. Joseph Ives surveyed the Grand Canyon with “wondering delight," but concluded that it was “altogether valueless." His chief scientist John Strong Newberry declared that it was a geological paradise.
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, BR p.12)

1861        Mar 16, Arizona Territory voted to leave the Union.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1862        Jan 18, Confederate Territory of Arizona formed.
    (MC, 1/18/02)

1863        Feb 24, Arizona was organized as a territory.
    (AP, 2/24/98)

1864-1865    Army Col. Kit Carson, directed by Brig. Gen. James Carleton, forced the move of some 9,000 Dineh Navajo from Canyon de Chelly in Arizona to the Bosque Redondo reservation near Fort Sumner, New Mexico. About half the people survived in what came to be known as the Long Walk. In 2006 Hampton sides authored “Blood and Thunder: An epic of the American West," an account of the Navaho move.
    (SFC, 1/3/97, p.A26)(SFEC, 5/4/97, z1 p.4)(SSFC, 1/7/01, p.T9)(WSJ, 10/7/06, p.P12)

1868        Navaho Indians living under confinement near Fort Sumner, New Mexico, were allowed to return to their homelands in Arizona following a visit by Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman. Some 7,100 survivors of the 1864 Long Walk had been released onto a New Mexico reservation of 5,500 acres. The Navajo returned to Hopi land where 3.5 million acres, 1/6th of their former homeland, was returned.
    (SFC, 1/3/97, p.A26)(SFEC, 5/4/97, z1 p.4)(WSJ, 10/7/06, p.P12)

1869        May 24, John Wesley Powell departed Green River City, Wyoming, with 9 men on an expedition to explore the canyons of the Green and Colorado River. Over 3 years he led two expeditions to explore the Grand Canyon. Three members of the first expedition were killed, reportedly by Indians. His written account was suspected to be inflated if not fictitious. A 1997 novel by Oakley Hall, “Separations," depicted the events.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.127)(SFC, 4/23/97, p.D5)(ON, 5/02, p.1)

1870s-1880s    Clarence E. Dutton, Army engineer, surveyed the Colorado Plateau and wrote his “Tertiary History of the Grand Canyon District."
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, BR p.12)

1871        Apr 30, Apaches in Arizona surrendered to white and Mexican adventurers; 144 died.
    (MC, 4/30/02)

1871        Sep, John Wesley Powell began a 2nd expedition to survey the Grand Canyon, this time with a congressional grant of $10,000.
    (ON, 5/02, p.5)

1872        Oct 12, Apache (Chiricahua) leader Cochise signed a peace treaty with General O.O. Howard in Arizona Territory.
    (HN, 10/12/98)

1872        Dec 28, A U.S. Army force defeated a group of Apache warriors at Salt River Canyon, Arizona Territory, with 57 Indians killed but only one soldier.
    (HN, 12/28/98)

1874            Jun 8, Cochise (b.~1810), Chiricahua Apache war chief (his name meant “his nose") and leader of the Chokonen band, died on a reservation in the Dragoon Mountains in southeastern Arizona.
    (http://tinyurl.com/aqhkr)

1878        Tombstone’s Boothill  was laid out as a burial plot and was originally called the Tombstone Cemetery. On that rocky hill at the edge of town lie many of the legendary characters of the "Town Too Tough To Die." The Clantons, McLaurys and other legendary Western figures were buried in Tombstone’s cemetery. During the wild and lawless years of the settling of the West, some sort of graveyard could be found near almost every town or camp. Because many of the people in those settlements died rather quickly and unexpectedly, usually with their boots on, and were buried with their boots still on, these cemeteries became known as "boot hills."
    (HNQ, 4/28/01)

1879        Nov 29, Wyatt Earp arrived in Tombstone, AZ.
    (MesWP)

1880        Jan, Morgan Earp arrived in Tombstone.
    (MesWP)

1880        Summer, Doc Holliday arrived in Tombstone.
    (MesWP)

1880        Jul 27, Wyatt Earp was appointed Pima County Deputy Sheriff.
    (MesWP)

1880        David King Udall (1851-1938), while living in Nephi, Utah, was called to be the Mormon bishop in St. Johns, Arizona, a small and primarily Hispanic Catholic community.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_King_Udall)

1880        Daniel Mooney, a prospector, plunged to his death and gave his name to Mooney Falls in Havasu Canyon, Arizona.
    (SSFC, 2/19/06, p.F4)

1881        Feb 5, Phoenix, Ariz., was incorporated.
    (AP, 2/5/97)

1881        Jul 4, Virgil Earp was town sheriff of Tombstone by this time.
    (MesWP)

1881        Oct 26, Wyatt Earp, his two brothers and “Doc" Holliday showed up at the OK Corral in Tombstone, Arizona, to disarm the Clanton and McLaury boys, who were in violation of a ban on carrying guns in the city limits: "Gunfight at the O.K. Corral." Billy Clanton and Tom and Frank McLowery were killed; Earp’s brothers were wounded. This was the notorious “Showdown at the OK Corral." In 1992 the “Encyclopedia of Western Lawmen and Outlaws" by Jay Robert Nash was published. In 1999 Allan Barra published "Inventing Wyatt Earp: His Life and Many Legends."
    (SFC, 8/19/96, p.A3)(AP, 10/26/97)(SFEC, 6/14/98, p.T6)(SFEC, 1/17/99, BR p.5)

1881        Nov 7, Wyatt Earp and Doc Holliday, two participants in Tombstone, Arizona’s, famous Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, were jailed as the hearings on what happened in the fight grew near.
    (HN, 11/7/98)

1881        Dec 1, Virgil, Wyatt and Morgan Earp were exonerated in court for their action in the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Ariz.
    (HN, 12/1/98)

1881        Dec 28, Virgil Earp was ambushed by Cowboys and shot twice.
    (MesWP)

1881        The only recorded 19th-century incident in which Indian scouts turned against the U.S. Army occurred at Cibicue Creek in Arizona Territory. At Cibicue Creek, White Mountain Apache scouts were asked to campaign against their own kin, resulting in a mutiny against the army soldiers. Three of the mutinous scouts were later court-martialed and executed.
    (HNQ, 2/27/99)

1882        Mar 18, Morgan Earp was gunned down while playing pool.
    (MesWP)

1882        Jul 14, Johnny Ringo, a fast draw gunman, was found dead in Tombstone.
    (SFC, 4/22/00, p.E3)

1882        The US government confined the Havasupai Indians to a 518-acre reservation in Havasu Canyon, Arizona.
    (SSFC, 2/19/06, p.F4)

1883        James Addison Reavis (d.1914) began to press a claim to some 12 million acres of Arizona. He held an alleged document from Ferdinand VI that assigned the land to a nobleman named Peralta in 1748. In 1896 Reavis was convicted of conspiring to commit fraud.
    (AH, 4/01, p.20)

1884        David King Udall, the Mormon bishop in St. Johns, Arizona, was indicted on charges of unlawful cohabitation. He was never convicted, because his second wife lived in another town, and prosecutors could not locate her to compel testimony against him.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_King_Udall)

1885        John Wesley Powell named Sunset Crater, a 100-foot volcano 15 miles northeast of Flagstaff, Az.
    (AM, 3/04, p.46)

1886        Apr 11, General Nelson A. Miles arrived at Fort Bowie, Ariz., to begin his assignment to subjugate or destroy a band of Apaches led by Geronimo.
    (ON, 10/06, p.1)

1886        Apr 27, A band of Apaches led by Geronimo attacked a ranch west of Fort Huachuca and killed 3 American citizens.
    (ON, 10/06, p.1)

1886        Sep 4, Elusive Apache leader Geronimo (1829-1909) surrendered to General Nelson A. Miles (1839-1925) at Skeleton Canyon, Ariz. This ended the last major US-Indian war.
    (HN, 9/4/98)(ON, 10/06, p.4)

1887        Charles Lux died. His firm, Miller and Lux, by this time owned some 700,000 head of cattle in Arizona, Nevada and Oregon. Over 700 miles of private telegraph lines connected their ranches.
    (SSF, 1976, p.2)

1888        Jul 4, Many believe that the first rodeo in America was held in Prescott, Arizona, on this day. Before this, informal competitions were frequently held among ranch hands from a single ranch or from neighboring spreads, but they were not full-scale rodeos. The Prescott event went on to become an annual contest.
    (IB, Internet, 12/7/98)

1889        May 11, Major Joseph Washington Wham took charge of $28,000 in gold and silver to pay troops at various points in the Arizona Territory. The money was soon stolen in a train robbery.
    (HN, 5/11/99)

1890        Jul 13, John C. "Pathfinder" Fremont (76), US explorer, governor (Ariz), died. He was buried in obscurity in Sparkill, NY. Fremont (b.1830) was the 1st Republican presidential candidate in 1856. In 1999 David Roberts authored "A Newer World: Kit Carson, John C. Freemont and the Claiming of the American West." In 2002 Tom Chaffin authored “Pathfinder: John Charles Fremont and the Course of American Empire." In 2007 Sally Denton authored “Passion and Principle: John and Jessie Fremont, the Couple Whose Power, Politics and Love Shaped Nineteenth-Century America."
    (WUD, 1994, p.567)(SFEC, 2/13/00, BR p.5)(SSFC, 12/22/02, p.M1)(SSFC, 7/1/07, p.M1)

1891-1899    During this period the Hopi of Arizona began to produce silver jewelry. A man named Sikyatala learned silversmithing from a Zuni man.
    (NH, 11/1/04, p.30)

1892        The settlement of Goldfield, Arizona, got its start when low grade gold ore was found in the area between the Superstition Mountains and the Goldfield Mounts. Low-grade or not, a town soon sprang up and on October 7, 1893 it received its first official post office.
    (Econ, 4/17/10, p.34)(www.goldfieldghosttown.com/history.html)

1892        Barbed wire that fenced the west at this time is on display at Oracle Junction, Arizona, and includes Curtis 4 Point.
    (NOHY, 3/90, p.173)

1894        Percival Lowell (1855-1916), American astronomer, built a private observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona and commenced a decade long series of observations with emphasis on Mars. He "confirmed" water filled canals and proclaimed Mars the home of an advanced civilization.
    (Smith., 8/95, p.72)(SFC, 11/29/96, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Percival_Lowell)

1897        May 19, Frank Luke Jr. (d.1918), WW I ace fighter, was born in Phoenix.
    (AH, 6/02, p.18)

1901        Arizona ranchers Walter L. Vail (d.1906) and J.V. Vickers bought the 84-square-mile Santa Rosa Island, one of the Channel Islands 26 miles off Santa Barbara, Ca. The Vail & Vickers group sold the island to the US government for $30 million in 1986 and it became part of Channel Islands National Park.
    (SFC, 12/2/11, p.C10)

1902        Sedona, Arizona, was founded. It was named after Sedona Schnebly, the daughter of one of the 1st settlers, wealthy landowner T. Carl Schnebly and his wife.
    (SSFC, 2/8/04, p.C6)

1904        Oct, 1, Forty orphans (aged 2-6), shipped west  in the company of nuns by a New York Foundling Hospital, arrived at the copper mining towns of Clifton and Morenci. Anglo townspeople opposed their adoption by Mexican American citizens, terrorized the adopting families and took some of the children for themselves. In 1999 Linda Gordon authored "The Great Arizona Orphan Abduction."
    (SFEC, 1/9/00, Par p.6)

1906        The town of Oatman in the western Black Mountains was founded.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.T8)

1906        Pres. Theodore Roosevelt stood at the rim of the Grand Canyon. He descended to the bottom in 1908 and declared it a national monument.
    (SFEC, 10/4/98, BR p.12)

1908        Jan 11, The Grand Canyon National Monument was created with a proclamation by President Theodore Roosevelt. It became a national park in 1919.
    (AP, 1/11/08)

1909        Jan 1, Barry Goldwater (d.1998) was born in Phoenix, son of Baron and Josephine Goldwater. His grandfather was an immigrant Polish peddler and founder of the Goldwater department store chain.
    (SFC, 5/30/98, p.A3)

1911        Feb 6, 1st old-age home opened in Prescott, Ariz.
    (MC, 2/6/02)

1911        Mar 18, Theodore Roosevelt opened the Roosevelt Dam in Phoenix, Ariz., the largest dam in the U.S. to date.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1911        Aug 22, President William Taft vetoed a joint resolution of Congress granting statehood to Arizona.  Taft vetoed the resolution because he believed a provision in the state constitution authorizing the recall of judges was a blow at the independence of the judiciary. The offending clause was removed an Arizona was admitted to statehood on February 14, 1912. Afterward, the state restored the article in its constitution.
    (HNQ, 11/21/99)

1912        Feb 14, Arizona became the 48th state of the Union, the final area of the continental United States to attain statehood.
    (AP, 2/14/98)(AP, 5/20/10)

1912        Nov 4, Arizona and Kansas granted women the right to vote. Wisconsin voted against suffrage for women.
    (HN, 11/5/98)(http://library.wisc.edu/etext/WIReader/WER0124-12.html)

1915        Miners near Oatman struck a vein of gold that led to a $10 million haul.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.T8)

1918        Sep 12, Lt. Frank Luke Jr. destroyed a German balloon. Over the next 6 days he destroyed 9 more and earned the name “the Arizona Balloon Buster."
    (AH, 6/02, p.18)

1918        Sep 29, Lt. Frank Luke Jr. (1897-1918) against orders destroyed 3 German balloons and downed 2 pursuing fighters in a final flight of vengeance for the loss of his wingman Lt. Joseph Wehner. Luke received a posthumous medal of honor.
    (AH, 6/02, p.18)

1919        Feb 26, Congress established Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona.
    (SFEM, 10/12/97, p.17)(AP, 2/26/98)

1922        Jun 15, Morris “Mo" Udall (d.1998), U.S. Congressman from Arizona (1961-1991), was born in St. Johns, Az. He was one of 6 children in a pioneer Mormon family and was instrumental in investigating the Mai Lai Massacre in Vietnam and later sought the Democratic presidential nomination in 1976.
    (HN, 6/15/99)(SFC, 12/14/98, p.A5)

1922        The Colorado River Compact allocated 7.5 million acre-feet of water from the upper basin states (Wyoming, Colorado, Utah and New Mexico) to be delivered to the lower basin sates (California, Arizona and Nevada) plus the rights to divert another 1 million acre-feet from the river’s lower tributaries.
    (SFEC, 8/24/97, p.A10)(SFCM, 7/17/05, p.6)

1923        Aug 5, Richard Kleindienst (d.2000), who became the attorney general under Pres. Nixon, was born near Winslow.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.D9)

1923        Pedro Guerrero started a Phoenix tamale stand that grew to become Rosarita Mexican Foods. The Mesa plant was closed in 1999 by ConAgra.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.C3)

1927        Mar 31, Cesar Chavez (d.1993), California union leader of agricultural workers (United Farm Workers), was born in Yuma, Az.
    (SFEC,10/19/97, p.C3)(SFC, 3/29/00, p.A3)(MC, 3/31/02)

1927        The 4-story Monte Vista Hotel was built in Flagstaff, Arizona.
    (SSFC, 7/23/06, p.G4)

1929        Nov 30, Joan Ganz Cooney, television executive, was born in Phoenix, Az. She founded the Children's Television Workshop and was the mastermind behind "Sesame Street."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_Ganz_Cooney)

1929        The Arizona Biltmore opened. It was designed by Albert McArthur and Frank Lloyd Wright. McArthur, an apprentice of Wright, was declared by Wright in 1930 as the architect of record.
    (SFEM, 4/19/98, p.24)

1930        Feb 18, Planet X (Pluto), the ninth planet of our solar system, was discovered by Clyde Tombaugh (1907-1997) at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Ariz. It is 2.76 billion miles (5,888 million km.) from the sun at the closest point of its orbit. Pluto was later designated a "dwarf planet."
    (SFEC, 1/19/97, p.B6)(SFC, 10/23/99, p.B7)(AP, 2/18/07)

1930        Mar 13, The Lowell Observatory in Arizona announced Clyde Tombaugh’s Feb 18 discovery of a new planet, later named Pluto.
    (HN, 3/13/98)(NH, 6/03, p.20)

1930        Adam Goettl invented the air cooler. The Goettl brothers began their adventure in 1926 in Mansfield, Ohio. Several years later, the brothers Adam, John, and Bill moved out west to Phoenix, Arizona, to seek opportunities during the Great Depression. Hence, the Phoenix-based Goettl Air Conditioning was founded and went on to become an internationally known pioneer in the mass production of evaporative coolers and a variety of other innovations in heating and cooling  technology.
    (Econ, 1/31/15, p.55)(/www.goettlshdm.com/history.html)

1934        Jan 22, In Tucson, Arizona, a fire broke out at the Hotel Congress, where members of the Dillinger gang were staying. Firefighters salvaged baggage belonging to the gang and the next day one of the firefighters spotted one the gang’s mug shots in an issue of True Detective magazine. Within a few days 5 members of the Dillinger gang were arrested including John Dillinger and girlfriend Evelyn Frechette. In 2009 Elliot Gorn authored “Dillinger’s Wild Ride: The Year That Made America’s Public Enemy Number One."
    (SFC, 7/1/09, p.E3)

1934        The Arizona governor called out the state militia and navy (2 ferryboats) to halt California’s construction of the Colorado River Aqueduct. It took an act of Congress and a Supreme Court decision to get the project restarted.
    (SFC, 5/26/00, p.A5)

1936        Sep 11, President Roosevelt dedicated Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) by pressing a key in Washington to signal the startup of the dam’s first hydroelectric generator in Nevada. The Dam was completed ahead of schedule. It was the first and most important link in a chain of dams, canals and aqueducts built to harness the Colorado River. The colossal mass of concrete is wedged into Black Canyon on the Arizona-Nevada border, 32 miles SE of Las Vegas. Paul L. Wattis, headed the construction company that built Boulder Dam.
    (AP, 9/11/97)(HNQ, 4/3/02)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A22)

1936          Nov 2, Rose Elizabeth Bird (d.1999), future California Supreme Court Justice, was born on a chicken farm in Arizona.
    (www.law.stanford.edu/library/wlhbp/articles/RoseBird120699.htm)

1937        Frank Lloyd Wright arrived with his apprentices from their Wisconsin headquarters. He purchased an 800-acre tract for $3.50 an acre at Mariposa Mesa and began construction of Taliesin West.
    (SFEM, 4/19/98, p.21-23)

1939        Mar 28, Clark Gable (d.1960) and Carol Lombard (d.1942) stayed at the Oatman Hotel for their honeymoon.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.T8)

1939        Mar 29, Clark Gable (38) married Carole Lombard (29) in Arizona while filming “Gone With the Wind."
    (SFEM, 1/25/98, p.47)

1940        The population of Mesa, Arizona, was about 7,000. this roughly doubled in each of the next 5 decades and by 2008 Mesa numbered almost half a million residents.
    (Econ, 12/6/08, p.42)

1943        Donkeys began to roam free in the Black Mountains after the gold mines closed down.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.T8)

1946        Jul 15, Linda Ronstadt (singer: group: The Stone Poneys: Different Drum; solo: Blue Bayou, You're No Good, When Will I Be Loved, It's So Easy, Ooh Baby Baby, Hurt So Bad; actress: Pirates of Penzance), was born in Tucson, Arizona.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linda_Ronstadt)

1946        In Arizona the Thunderbird School of Global Management was founded on Thunderbird Field, a former air-force base.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6tcn89a)(Econ, 6/29/13, p.60)

1947        May 25, Jessi Colter [Miriam Johnson], country singer (I'm Not Lisa), was born in Phoenix.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1948        The Baptist Foundation of Arizona was created by the Southern Baptist Convention to manage endowment funds for charities. In 1999 fund losses were estimated at $100 million on assets of $483 million.
    (WSJ, 9/1/99, p.C1)

1949        Barry Goldwater was elected to the Phoenix City Council as part of a group committed to cleaning up prostitution and gambling.
    (SFC, 5/30/98, p.A1)

1952        Barry Goldwater upset Democratic Senator Ernest McFarland by a 6,000 vote margin and won his first term in the Senate.
    (SFC, 5/30/98, p.A3)

1953        In Colorado City, Arizona, a mass police raid against members of the Fundamentalist Church of the Latter Day Saints (FLDS) led to the arrest of scores of men and the separation of children from their families. FLDS members were avowed polygamists.
    (Econ, 10/15/05, p.33)

1954        Mar, Dorothy Gay Howard (18) of Phoenix, Arizona, was reported missing. Her nude and battered body was found on April 8 along a creek in Boulder, Colorado. She was buried as Jane Doe until her identity was established by DNA testing in 2009.
    (www.dailycamera.com/ci_13658937?source=most_viewed)

1956        Jun 30, A United DC-7 and a TWA Lockheed Constellation collided during a thunderstorm over the Grand Canyon (Arizona) killing all 128 people.
    (WSJ, 6/20/06, p.D3)(SFC, 6/30/09, p.D8)

1958        Jul 11, Monument Valley, straddling the Arizona-Utah border, became the 1st Navajo Tribal Park.
    (SSFC, 10/6/02, p.C15)

1959        Apr 9, Frank Lloyd Wright (b.1869), American architect (Guggenheim Museum, NYC), died in Arizona. In 1998 Ken Burns produced his video documentary "Frank Lloyd Wright." An earlier British documentary of Wright was made c1983. In 1987 Brendan Gill authored the Wright biography: "Many Masks." In 2004 Ada Louise Huxtabel authored “Frank Lloyd Wright."
    (SFC, 9/25/97, p.B2)(SFEC, 11/8/98, DB p.48)(SFEC, 2/20/00, p.T10)(WSJ, 11/9/04, p.D12)

1960        Builder Del Webb opened the Sun City retirement community near Phoenix, Ariz.
    (WSJ, 10/13/04, p.D6)

1960-2005    The population of Phoenix, Az., grew from 664,000 to 3.6 million.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.35)

1961        State Congressman Stuart Udall was tapped to serve as the interior secretary for Pres. Kennedy. His brother, Mo Udall, won the seat in a close special election.
    (SFC, 12/14/98, p.A5)

1963        Jan 1, In Arizona Betty Smithey (20) murdered Sandy Gerberick, a 15-month-old girl she had been babysitting. Smithey was convicted and sentenced to prison for life without the possibility of parole. In 2012 she was granted parole by the Arizona Board of Executive Clemency.
    (abcNews, 8/14/12)

1963        Sep 13, The last bucket of concrete was poured on the Glen Canyon Dam (Arizona) on the Colorado River to form Lake Powell. It marked the beginning of a 290 mile stretch of the river from the dam through the Grand Canyon to Lake Mead. It was built to provide power to six Western states. The lake filled by 1980. [last source says the lake filled within 5 years]
    (SFC, 4/12/96, p.E-3)(SFC, 5/19/97, p.A10)(SFEC, 8/24/97, p.A1)(NH, 9/97, p.40)

1964        Jan 12, Jeffrey Bezos, later founder of Amazon.com, was born in Albuquerque.
    (SFEC, 10/10/99, p.B3)

1964        Nov 3, President Johnson soundly defeated Republican challenger Barry Goldwater to win a White House term in his own right. Johnson won over 61% of the vote with 486 electoral votes to Goldwater’s 52.
    (AP, 11/3/97)(SFC, 5/30/98, p.A3)

1964        Richard Kleindienst helped Barry Goldwater win the nomination for president and then mounted his own campaign for governor. He was defeated by Sam Goddard.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.D9)

1965        Sedona, Arizona, artists Joe Beeler, Charlie Dye, John Hampton and George Phippen founded The Cowboy Artists of America at the local Cowboy Club, which was then called the Oak Creek Tavern.
    (SSFC, 2/8/04, p.C6)

1966        Richard Kleindienst resumed his political activities and directed the successful of John R. Williams for the governorship.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.D9)

1967        Feb 28, Henry Luce (68), American publisher, died in Phoenix. He and Briton Hadden (1898-1929) published the first issue of Time magazine on March 3, 1923. In 2010 Alan Brinkley authored “The Publisher: Henry Luce and His American Century."
    (AP, 2/28/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Luce)(Econ, 1/9/10, p.82)

1968        Apr 18, London Bridge was sold to US oil company. It was later erected in Arizona.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1968        Nov 5, Barry Goldwater (1909-1998), former Republican presidential candidate (1964), was re-elected in Arizona to the US Senate.
    (SFC, 5/30/98, p.A3)(www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAgoldwater.htm)

1968        Don Thomson (d.2001) helped create Channel 21, the 1st UHF Spanish-language television channel.
    (SFC, 2/10/01, p.A22)

1970        Paolo Soleri (b.1919), Italian-American architect, led the ground breaking at Arcosanti, a model ecocity in the high Arizona desert. It was a prototype arcology designed for 5,000 residents, combining compact buildings with huge solar greenhouses on a 4,000 acre preserve about 60 miles north of Phoenix. Soleri projected a people density of 215 per acre vs. 72 in Delhi and 33 per acre in New York City. Since then some 6,000 architectural students have come to help with the building and learning about its design. The site attracted some 50,000 visitors every year.
    (PacDis, Spring/'94, p. 28)(AP, 10/15/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paolo_Soleri)

1971        An Arizona law under Gov. Jack Williams (1909-1998) outlawed secondary boycotts and harvest-time strikes, tools used by the growing UFW.
    (SFEM, 4/13/97, p.12)(http://rulers.org/indexw2.html)

1971        Arizona indicted Weather Underground members John Allen Fuerst (25) and Roberta Brent Smith (25).
    (SFC, 1/21/02, p.E3)

1974        Jun 30, Jose Jesus Ceja murdered Linda and Randy Leon after breaking into their home in Phoenix to steal marijuana. He was convicted and served 23 years before being executed in 1998.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.A8)

1975        Jan 3, President Ford signed Public Law 93-620. This Act, written to enlarge the Grand Canyon National Park, also provided in Section 10 for the enlargement of the adjacent Havasupai Indian Reservation by 185,000 acres and designated a contiguous 95,300 acres of the enlarged National Park as a permanent traditional use area of the Havasupai Indians of Havasu Canyon, Arizona.
    (SSFC, 2/19/06, p.F4)(www.tribal-institute.org/envirotext/89.htm)

1975        Jan 6, Raul Hector Castro (1916-2015) began serving as Arizona’s 14th governor. After two years he was selected by President Jimmy Carter to be ambassador to Argentina and held that post until 1980.
    (SFC, 4/11/15, p.A6)

1976        Jan 31, Ernesto Miranda, famous from the Supreme Court ruling on "Miranda Rights," was stabbed to death in Arizona.
    (HN, 1/31/99)

1976        Mar 2, Bob Lurie (b.1929), real estate magnate, led a group to acquire ownership of the San Francisco Giants baseball club. Lurie closed the $8-million transaction with Arizona cattleman Arthur "Bud" Herseth as his 50-50 partner.
    (www.stadiumforrent.com/sfr/sfr-ch23a.html)

1976        Jun 13, Don Bolles, Arizona Republic investigative reporter, died as a result of injuries suffered when a bomb blew up his car 11 days earlier. He had been working on an alleged Mafia story at the time of his death.
    (AP, 6/13/04)

1976        San Jose State Prof. John Sperling launched the for-profit Univ. of Phoenix with $26k in personal savings. It was founded to cater to the need of working adults. By 2010 it was the 2nd largest university system in America with over 200 campuses across the country.
    (https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/)(SFC, 2/16/02, p.A15)(Econ, 9/10/05, Survey p.19)(Econ, 9/11/10, p.73)

1976        Navaho weavers wove the largest Navaho rug in the world. The 800-pound rug measured 38x26 feet and used 25 different Navaho styles.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A7)

1977        Jun 27, The US Supreme Court struck, in Bates v. State Bar of Arizona, down state laws and bar association rules that had prohibited lawyers from advertising their fees for routine services.
    (AP, 6/27/08)

1978        Apr 27, Convicted Watergate defendant John D. Ehrlichman was released from an Arizona prison after serving 18 months.
    (AP, 4/27/97)

1978        Jun 29, Bob Crane (b.1928), the man who played Colonel Robert Hogan in the TV show "Hogan’s Heroes," was found bludgeoned to death in Scottsdale, Az. John Henry Carpenter (d.1998 at 70), a prime suspect, was tried and acquitted in 1990.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.C3)(www.franksreelreviews.com/shorttakes/crane.htm)

1978        Aug 26, Charles Boyer (b.1897), film actor (Gaslight, Rogues), committed suicide in Phoenix, Az., 2 days after his wife's death from cancer.
    (http://www.imdb.com)

1979        Mel Zuckerman and his wife Enid opened Canyon Ranch, America’s first total vacation and fitness resort, on an old dude ranch in Tucson, Arizona. By 2007 it was recognized as a premium health-spa of choice for the super rich.
    (Econ, 1/6/07, p.51)

1980        Jun 20, Lake Powell, straddling the Arizona-Utah border behind the Glen Canyon Dam, completed its fill, which began in 1963
    (SFEC, 8/24/97, p.A1)(www.lakepowell.com/travel/glen-canyon-dam.cfm)

1980        Hispanics in Phoenix Arizona, numbered about 15% of the population. By 2005 the number reached 42%.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.32) 

1981        Apr 22, In the largest US bank robbery, more than $3.3 million was stolen in Tucson Ariz. 4 men were later arrested for the robbery.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2otzju)

1981        Jul 7, President Reagan announced he was nominating Arizona Judge Sandra Day O'Connor to become the first female justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
    (AP, 7/7/97)

1981        Elana Steinberg (34) was stabbed to death in her home in Scottsdale. Her husband Steven Steinberg later said he killed her while sleepwalking. Dr. Martin Blinder, California psychiatrist, testified that the murder was committed under a scenario of “dissociative reaction" and Steven Steinberg was acquitted.
    (SSFC, 5/20/01, p.A19)

1982        In Marana, Az., Karl LeGrand, a German citizen, stabbed to death a bank manager during a bungled robbery attempt with his brother Walter LaGrand. Karl was convicted and died by lethal injection Feb 24, 1999. Walter was executed a week later. A UN court in 2001 upheld that the US violated international law in the case.
    (SFC, 2/25/99, p.A3)(SFC, 6/28/01, p.A8)

1983-1984    Twelve Navajo weavers in Arizona completed the 26x28 foot “Little Sister" rug. It was a smaller version of a larger rug woven in 1976, and recorded as the largest Navajo rug in the world. In 1997 the rug was put up for auction to raise funds for a community health clinic.
    (SFC, 10/11/97, p.A7)

1984        Jan 13, Arizona inmate Robert Henry Moormann beat, stabbed and suffocated his adoptive mother, Roberta Moormann (74), who allegedly sexually abused him into adulthood. He was out of prison in Florence on furlough for another crime, the kidnapping and molesting of an 8-year-old girl in 1972. Robert Henry Moormann was executed in 2012.
    (AP, 2/29/12)

1984        The Biosphere project in Oracle, Arizona, began and was designed to last 100 years.
    (Wired, 2/98, p.172)

1984        Charles Keating, Arizona land developer, bought Lincoln Savings & Loan. He then proceeded to loot the institution’s federally protected deposits by booking phony profits on sham land and securities transactions and fooled auditors and investors about the failing health of Lincoln and its parent American Continental Corp. He was convicted on state charges in 1991 and federal charges in 1993. The federal charges were overturned in 1996.
    (SFC, 6/22/96, p.A3)(SFC, 12/3/96, p.A1,15)

1985        Mar 8, Thomas Creighton (33) died at the Univ. of Arizona after having three heart transplants in a 46-hour period.
    (HN, 3/8/98)(http://tinyurl.com/tbw75)

1987        Barry Goldwater retired from the US Senate.
    (SFC, 5/30/98, p.A3)

1988        Jan 8, An Arizona state grand jury indicted Gov. Evan Mecham (1924-2008) and his brother, Willard, on charges of concealing a campaign loan. Both were later acquitted on these charges.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evan_Mecham)(SFC, 2/23/08, p.B5)

1988        Feb 5, The Arizona House impeached Gov. Evan Mecham, setting the stage for his conviction in the state Senate.
    (AP, 2/5/97)(http://politicalgraveyard.com/special/trouble-disgrace.html)

1988        Mar 15, NFL owners approved the move of the St Louis Cardinals to Phoenix.
    (www.sportsecyclopedia.com/nfl/az/cardsarizona.html)

1988        Apr 4, The Arizona Senate convicted Gov. Evan Mecham of two charges of official misconduct, and removed him from office. Mecham was the first U.S. governor to be so censured in nearly six decades.
    (AP, 4/4/98)

1988        Jun 16, Impeached and ousted Arizona Gov. Evan Mecham and his brother, Willard, were found innocent by a Phoenix jury of concealing a $350,000 campaign loan.
    (AP, 6/16/98)

1988        Mo Udall, Arizona state representative, authored “Too Funny to be President."
    (SFC, 12/14/98, p.A5)

1988        Arizona purchased the land for Kartchner Caverns State Park and opened it to visitors in 1999. The 2 1/2 mile cave system was discovered by Randy Tufts and Gary Tenen in 1974.
    (USAT, 11/12/99, p.1D)

1989        The Univ. of Phoenix began teaching online.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.101)

1990        Gila River Telecommunications Inc. (GRTI) was founded as a nonprofit telephone company. It serviced the 620-square-mile Gila River reservation of the Pima Indians, who had inhabited the area for over 2,000 years.
    (WSJ, 7/7/00, p.B1)
1990        In Arizona Debra Jean Milke was found guilty in the 1989 death of her son (4). The case rested on her purported confession, which was not recorded, to hire two men to kill her son. Milke spent 22 years on death row before her case was dismissed in 2014.
    (SFC, 12/12/14, p.D5)

1991        May 4, Morris K. Udall (d.1998), (Rep-D-Ariz), resigned due to Parkinson's disease.
    (MC, 5/4/02)

1991        Aug 10, Nine Buddhists were found slain at their temple outside Phoenix, Arizona. Two teen-agers were later arrested; one pleaded guilty to murder, the other was convicted of murder.
    (AP, 8/10/01)

1991        Sep 26, In Oracle, Arizona, 4 men and 4 women began a two-year self-sufficiency stay inside a $150 million, sealed-off structure on 3.15 acres known as Biosphere 2.
    (AP, 9/26/97)(Wired, 2/98, p.172)(SSFC, 2/20/05, p.F5)

1991        Nov 20, California Democrat Alan Cranston accepted a Senate reprimand for his dealings with former savings-and-loan chief Charles H. Keating Jr., but then denied he was guilty of many of the allegations, prompting an angry rebuttal by New Hampshire Republican Warren B. Rudman.
    (AP, 11/20/01)

1991        Dec 4, Charles Keating, Arizona land developer and chairman of Lincoln Savings and Loan Association, was convicted on 17 counts of securities fraud in state court. Keating was one of the most controversial figures in the savings and loan scandals of the late 1980s. Keating's sales personnel persuaded depositors to put their money into high-risk junk bonds.
    (SFC, 6/22/96, p.A3)(MC, 12/4/01)

1991        Postal worker Ray Krone was arrested for the murder of bartender Kim Ancona. Krone was convicted in 1992 and again in 1996. In 2002 DNA evidence proved his innocence.
    (SFC, 11/19/04, p.A2)

1991-2000    Arizona’s population expanded by 40%.
    (WSJ, 1/30/00, p.A1)

1993        Apr 23, Labor leader Cesar Chavez (b.1927) died in San Luis, Ariz. He founded the United Farm Workers Union on his birthday Mar 31, 1962. In 1996 a 2-hr documentary of his life was made: "The Fight in the Fields: Cesar Chavez and the Farmworkers Struggle." In 2011 Frank Bardacke authored “Trampling Out the Vintage: Cesar Chavez and the Two Souls of the United Farm Movement." In 2014 Miriam Pawel authored “The Crusades of Cesar Chavez."
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.E1)(AP, 4/23/98)(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A14)(Econ, 11/19/11, p.96)(Econ, 4/5/14, p.74)

1993        Sep 26, Eight people emerged from the glass dome of Biosphere Two in the Arizona desert after being sealed inside for two years in an experiment dogged by setbacks and controversy. In 2006 Jane Poynter, one of the participants, authored “The Human Experiment, Two Years and Twenty Minutes Inside Biosphere 2."
    (SFC, 11/25/96, p.A3)(AP, 9/26/98)(SFC, 10/10/06, p.C2)

1993        An international competition rated Phoenix, Az., and Christchurch, New Zealand, as the world’s best governed cities.
    (Econ, 7/28/07, p.32)

1993        Africanized honey bees, aka killer bees, first moved into Arizona.
    (SFC, 5/6/00, p.B8)

1993        Dec 6, Don Ameche (85), actor (Cocoon), died in Scottsdale, Ariz., of prostate cancer.
    (AP, 12/6/98)

1994        Mar 6, In Arizona a 2nd 7-member crew entered the Biosphere 2. Their mission was cut short under management problems and reorganization.
    (SFC, 11/25/96, p.A3)

1994        Arizona toughened its insanity defense law by replacing the plea phrase “not guilty by reason of insanity" to “guilty except insane."
    (SFC, 4/20/06, p.A7)

1994        Richard Fass, a US undercover DEA agent, was shot and killed by alleged agents of Mexican drug ring leader Augustin Vasquez Mendoza in Glendale, Ariz. Mendoza was arrested in Mexico in 2000.
    (SFC, 7/11/00, p.A10)

1995        Aug 26, Evelyn Wood (86), speed reading guru, died in Tucson, Arizona. The Salt Lake City school teacher, began popularizing her “Evelyn Wood Reading Dynamics" in the late 1950s after seeing her graduate-school professors speed-read through a paper.
    (www.readfaster.com/evelynwood.asp)(WSJ, 7/25/06, p.D1)

1996        Dec 2, Arizona financier Charles Keating Jr., a central figure in the most notorious savings-and-loan debacle of the 1980s, won a new federal trial because jurors had learned of his prior fraud conviction in state court before convicting him of fraud and racketeering. Keating negotiated a plea settlement in 1999 with no additional prison time and no admittance of swindling elderly investors. Charges against his son were also dropped.
    (AP, 12/2/97)(SFC, 4/7/99, p.A3)

1996        Republican Governor Fyfe Symington was indicted on 22 counts of bank fraud, attempted extortion and perjury.
    (SFC, 5/21/97, p.A3)

1996        Passenger train service ended in Phoenix, Az.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.36)

1997        Jan, Yarmila Falater died after she was stabbed 44 times by her husband, Scott Falater. In 1999 Scott pleaded that he was sleep walking and not able to remember the murder. Falater (43) was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison without chance of parole in 2000.
    (SFC, 6/7/99, p.A2)(SFC, 6/26/99, p.A3)(SFC, 1/11/00, p.A4)

1997        Aug 9, An Amtrak train derailed on a bridge near Kingman, Arizona, and 183 of 350 passengers were injured. A flash flood had undermined supports for a small bridge.
    (WSJ, 8/11/97, p.A1)(AP, 8/9/07)

1997        Aug 12, In Arizona a flash flood from a storm 15 miles away killed ten hikers in the Lower Antelope Canyon near Lake Powell. The group leader of the Trek-America outfit, that catered mostly to Europeans, was the only survivor.
    (SFC, 8/14/97, p.A3)(SFC, 8/15/97, p.A2)(AP, 8/12/98)

1997        Aug 31, In Phoenix, Az., bounty hunters in search of a bail jumper killed a couple that apparently knew nothing about the sought bail jumper. Chris Foote (23) and Spring Wright (20) were killed by 5 bounty hunters. Matthew Brackney (20), his father David Brackney (45) and Michael Martin Sanders (40) were in custody and 2 others were sought by authorities. Arizona laws allow bounty hunters to break down doors and use guns to bring bail jumpers back to jail without a court order, warrant or license. There were an estimated 2,000 bounty hunters nationwide. Brian Jay Robbins and Ronald Eugene Timms were arrested on Sep 3. On October 30, 1998 Michael Martin Sanders was judged guilty of murder, and nine other felonies including burglary, aggravated assault and unlawful imprisonment. Co-defendant Ronald Timms pleaded guilty to second-degree murder and testified against Sanders, saying the men planned to break into Foote's home because they mistakenly believed there would be a large amount of drugs and cash there. The rest were charged with second degree murder and various counts of felonious assault.
    (SFC, 9/3/97, p.A3)(SFC, 9/4/97, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/lp6bs)

1997        Aug, Two jurors in the Symington trial received telephoned death threats and offers of bribes.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A3)

1997        Sep 3, Arizona Gov. Fife Symington, the great-grandson of steel baron Henry Clay Frick, was found guilty by a jury on 7 counts of lying to get millions in loans to shore up his collapsing real estate empire. He was later sentenced to 2 1/2 years in prison, charged a fine of $60,000, and ordered to serve 5 years of probation. Symington's conviction was overturned in 1999; he was pardoned by President Clinton in January 2001 as prosecutors again pursued the case.
    (WSJ, 9/4/97, p.A1)(SFC, 9/4/97, p.A3)(SFC, 2/3/98, p.A2)(AP, 9/3/02)

1997        Sep 5, In Arizona Sec. of State Jane Dee Hull assumed the role of governor, the 3rd current female governor in the US after Christine Todd Whitman of New Jersey and Jeanne Shaheen of New Hampshire.
    (SFC, 9/6/97, p.A5)

1997        Dec 6, An asteroid was discovered by J.V. Scotti at the Univ. of Arizona. It was recognized as one of 108 potentially hazardous asteroids.
    (NH, 10/98, p.88)

1997        The Arizona Private School Tax Credit gave a $500 tax credit to taxpayers donating funds to both religious and nonreligious private schools.
    (SFC, 10/5/99, p.A3)

1998         Feb 5,  A federal judge in Los Angeles threw out Charles Keating's state securities fraud conviction for a second time, saying the trial judge had given jurors flawed instructions. In 1999, on the eve of the retrial of the federal case, Keating entered a plea agreement: he admitted to having committed bankruptcy fraud by extracting $1 million from American Financial Corp. while already anticipating the collapse that happened weeks later; in return, the federal prosecutors dropped all other charges against him and his son, Charles Keating III. Keating, an Arizona land developer, was sentenced to the four years he had already served.
    (AP, 2/5/99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Keating)

1998        Mar 30, It was announced that nearly a dozen Mexican gray wolves were released into the White Mountains after an absence of 30 years.
    (SFC, 3/31/98, p.A3)

1998        Apr 20, The Goldman Environmental Awards were presented to six winners in SF. The prizes were increased to $100,000. Kory Johnson (19) of Phoenix won for organizing Children for a Safe Environment.
    (SFC, 4/20/98, p.A8)

1998        Apr 19-20, Grasshoppers by the millions descended on communities along the lower Colorado River.
    (SFC, 4/21/98, p.A3)

1998        Apr 28, The Arizona Supreme Court struck down as unconstitutional a voter-approved law requiring English be used in official state and local business.
    (SFC, 4/29/98, p.A4)

1998        May 29, Barry Goldwater (b.1909), former Senator from Arizona, died in Paradise Valley, Ariz.. In 2008 John W. Dean and Barry Goldwater Jr. authored “Pure Goldwater."
    (SFC, 5/30/98, p.A1)(AP, 5/29/99)(WSJ, 5/2/08, p.A13)

1998        Jun 23, Maureen O’Sullivan (b.1911), film actress, died in Scottsdale, Arizona. She had starred as Jane in the Tarzan movies with Johnny Weissmuller.
    (SFC, 6/24/98, p.C2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maureen_O%27Sullivan)

1998        Dec 12, Mo Udall, former state Representative from Arizona, died at age 76. He had served in the House from 1961-1991.
    (SFC, 12/14/98, p.A5)(WSJ, 12/14/98, p.A1)

1998        Arizona enacted covenant marriage legislation that was designed to make divorce much more difficult for couples that choose the option.
    (Econ, 2/12/05, p.31)
1998        Michael Block and his wife Olga founded their first BASIS school in Tucson, Arizona. A 2nd campus was later added in Scottsdale. Their grade 5-12 charter schools strived to compete with the best schools in the world.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.40)(www.greatschools.net/arizona/tucson/1560-BASIS-Tucson/)

1999        Feb 24, In Arizona Karl LaGrand (35), a German citizen, was executed by lethal injection for the 1982 murder of a bank manager.
    (SFC, 3/4/99, p.A3)

1999        Mar 3, In Arizona Walter LaGrand (37), a German citizen, was executed with cyanide gas for the 1982 murder of a bank manager. Germany later filed a complaint with the World Court for human rights violations because neither he nor his brother were not informed of their right to assistance from the German consulate.
    (SFC, 3/4/99, p.A3)(USAT, 9/17/99, p.13A)

1999        Jun 28, Sun Orchard Inc. of Tempe recalled all nonpasteurized orange juice after it was found to be the likely source for an outbreak of salmonella poisoning in Washington and Oregon.
    (SFC, 6/29/99, p.A6)

2000        Jan 11, Pres Clinton signed a proclamation for the Grand Parashant National Monument with 1.014 million acres along the northern boundary of the Grand Canyon; the 71,100 acre Agua Fria National Monument near Phoenix; and the California Coastal National Monument, which includes thousands of islands, rocks and reefs along the 840 mile California coast.
    (SFC, 1/12/00, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/12/00, p.A4)

2000        Feb 3, Richard Kleindienst, former attorney general under Pres. Nixon, died at age 76 in Prescott.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.D9)

2000        Feb 22, Sen. John McCain beat Gov. George W. Bush in the Michigan primary 50-43% and in the Arizona primary 60-30%.
    (SFC, 2/23/00, p.A1)

2000        Apr 8, A Marine Corps aircraft, MV-22 tilt-rotor Osprey, with at least 18 people aboard crashed at the Avra Valley Airport near Tucson. All 19 Marines onboard were killed in the crash.
    (SFEC, 4/9/00, p.A15)(SFEC, 4/10/00, p.A1)

2000        Apr 19, In Arizona Richard Glassel killed 2 women and injured 4 others in a retirement community in Peoria.
    (SFC, 4/20/00, p.A10)(WSJ, 4/20/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 9, Pres. Clinton established the 293,000-acre Vermillion Cliffs as a national monument.
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.A6)

2001        Apr, Mark Warren Sands (50) became a suspect in the arson of 8 luxury homes in Phoenix and Scottsdale. Sands pleaded guilty Nov 7.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A18)

2001        May 23, In Arizona 12 illegal Mexican immigrants were found dead due to dehydration. 2 more were found dead the next day. In 2002 Jesus Lopez-Ramos, one of 3 smugglers, was sentenced to 16 years in prison. In 2004 Luis Alberto Urrea authored "The Devil's Highway: A True Story," about the ill-fated crossing.
    (SFC, 5/24/01, p.A3)(SFC, 5/25/01, p.A3)(SFC, 2/23/02, p.A5)(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.M2)

2001        Jul 1, Anthony Hayes (14) of Phoenix died at the America’s Buffalo Soldiers Re-enactor’s Association boot camp near Buckeye. Abuse was suspected.
    (SFC, 7/4/01, p.A6)

2001        Jul 5, Kenneth Williams, an FBI agent in Phoenix, Arizona, wrote to bureau headquarters that al Qaeda could be sending terrorists to train as student pilots. He urged the investigation of Middle Eastern men enrolled in American flight schools. [see Jul 10]
    (SFC, 5/17/02, p.A19)(SFC, 5/22/02, p.A18)

2001        Jul 10, Kenneth Williams, an FBI agent in Phoenix, Arizona, issued a memorandum that requested detailed examination of US flight schools for al Qaeda terrorists. Mid-level officials rejected the request. [see Jul 5]
    (SFC, 5/22/02, p.A18)

2001        Aug 10, A tourist helicopter crashed near the Grand Canyon and 6 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, p.A8)

2001        Sep 15, In Mesa, Arizona, Balbir Singh Sodhi, an Indian immigrant gas station owner, was shot to death. A Lebanese clerk was targeted but not injured. Police later arrested Frank Roque (42) for 2 shootings but not the 1st murder. Roque was convicted of murder Sep 30, 2003.
    (SFC, 9/17/01, p.A8)(SFC, 9/29/03, p.A3)

2001        Sep 29, Sen. John Kyl, an Arizona Republican, said a nuclear launch would be the most appropriate response in the case of a massive biological weapons attack.
    (SSFC, 9/30/01, p.A19)

2001        Oct 21, The Arizona Diamondbacks won the National League championship, defeating the Atlanta Braves 3-2 in game five.
    (AP, 10/21/02)

2001        Nov 4, In Phoenix the Arizona Diamondbacks beat the NY Yankees 3-2 in game 7 of the World Series.
    (SFC, 11/5/01, p.A1)

2001-2005    Some 80 million pinõn trees died in Arizona and New Mexico due to drought.
    (WSJ, 7/31/06, p.A1)

2002        May 11, Joseph Bonanno (97), former Mafia boss known as "Joe Bananas," died in Tucson, Az. His autobiography was titled “A Man of Honor."
    (SSFC, 5/12/02, p.A23)(AP, 5/11/03)

2002        May 14, Three men were arrested for plotting to kill Gov. Jane Hull and Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio.
    (SFC, 5/16/02, p.A3)

2002        Jun 18, The Rodeo-Chediski Fire began some 110 miles northeast of Phoenix. It soon covered over 60,000 acres including the community of Pinedale. Leonard Gregg (29) started the fire to get work and was arrested June 30. The fire came under control on July 7 and ended up raging over 470,000 acres of eastern Arizona.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rodeo-Chediski_fire)(SFC, 7/1/02, p.A1)(Arch, 9/02, p.16)

2002        Jun 30, Leonard Gregg, a part-time firefighter, was charged with starting one of the two wildfires that merged into a monstrous blaze in eastern Arizona. Gregg faced trial on federal charges. Gregg later pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (AP, 6/30/07)

2002        Jun 23, Two fires in Arizona merged and approached the town of Show Low. The Rodeo-Chediski fire grew past 375,000 acres.
    (SFC, 6/24/02, p.A1)(SFC, 6/26/02, p.A1)

2002        Aug 9, Kris Eggle (28), Arizona park ranger, was killed by a gunman at the Mexican border of organ Pipe Cactus National Monument.
    (WSJ, 1/22/03, p.A1)

2002        Sep 6, Salvatore Gravano, mob turncoat aka Sammy the Bull, was sentenced to 20 years in prison. In 1998 Gravano, took over his son’s failing Arizona drug-dealing operation, an ecstasy drug ring. Gravano pleaded guilty in 2001.
    (SFC, 5/26/01, p.A6)(SFC, 9/7/02, p.A4)

2002        Oct 28, In Arizona Robert Flores (41), a failing nursing student, shot and killed 3 professors and then himself at the College of Nursing in Tucson.
    (SFC, 10/28/02, p.A4)

2002        Janet Napolitano was elected Democratic governor of Arizona.
    (Econ, 5/15/04, p.28)
2002        In Arizona Steven Dyer was convicted of 13 counts of child molestation. Dyer went on the run. He was captured in 2012 in Montreal and turned over to US authorities.
    (SFC, 2/24/12, p.A2)

2003        Apr 12, Phoenix police arrested Corey Morris (24) in connection with the deaths of at least 5 prostitutes.
    (SFC, 4/14/03, p.A9)

2003        May, Freecycle, a global recycling phenomenon started operating in Arizona. By 2008 it had grown to more than 4 million members in more than 4,100 cities. It boasted of keeping more than 300 million tons of trash out of landfills every day and inspired imitators.
    (AP, 12/29/07)

2003        Jun 14, A car driven by Phoenix Bishop Thomas O'Brien struck and killed pedestrian Jim Reed; O'Brien was later convicted of leaving the scene of an accident and sentenced to probation.
    (AP, 6/14/04)

2003        Jun 16, Thomas J. O'Brien (67), the Roman Catholic bishop of Phoenix, was arrested in connection with a fatal hit and run accident 2 days earlier. In 2004 O'Brien was sentenced to 4 years probation.
    (SFC, 6/17/03, p.A14)(WSJ, 3/29/04, p.A1)

2003        Jun 19, In Arizona a wildfire burned up to 250 homes on Mount Lemon, north of Tucson.
    (SFC, 6/20/03, p.A3)

2003        Jun 20, Wildfires fueled by high winds burned 250 homes in southern Arizona.
    (AP, 6/20/04)

2003        Jul 30, An 8-inch gasoline pipeline between Phoenix and Tucson ruptured and created a local fuel shortage. Gov. Janet Napolitano hoped for restoration by Aug 24.
    (SSFC, 8/24/03, p.A3)

2003        Sep 19, Joy Risker (25) disappeared following dinner in San Diego with her husband Sean Goff. Risker was one of 2 women married to Goff. In 2006 Goff admitted that he stabbed Risker during an argument, mutilated her body and buried her in the Arizona desert.
    (SFC, 7/19/06, p.B10)

2003        Oct 8, In Arizona officials at Safford Middle School strip-searched Savana Redding (13) after she was suspected of distributing 4 ibuprofen pills. In 2009 the US Supreme Court ruled 8-1 that the school officials had violated her rights.
    (SFC, 6/26/09, p.A8)(www.freebase.com/view/guid/9202a8c04000641f800000000b8d2720)

2003        Nov 4, In Arizona Mexican President Vicente Fox stressed the importance of continuing a dialogue on immigration issues with the United States as he started a tour of 3 border states.
    (AP, 11/5/03)
2003        Nov 4, A shootout in Arizona left 4 dead and 5 wounded along I-10. Police described a car chase and gun battle among immigrant smugglers.
    (WSJ, 11/5/03, p.A1)

2004        Jan 15, Gov. Napolitano proposed a 10% increase in the Arizona budget to $7.2 billion.
    (USAT, 1/16/04, p.10A)

2004        Feb 26, A mail bombing injured Don Logan, the diversity director in Scottsdale, Arizona. In 2009 Illinois twins Dennis and Daniel Mahon (58) were indicted for the bombing. They had allegedly intended to promote racial discord on behalf of the White Aryan Resistance. On Feb 24, 2012, Dennis Mahon was found guilty. Daniel Mahon was exonerated.
    (SFC, 6/26/09, p.A5)(www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,529121,00.html)(SFC, 2/25/12, p.A5)

2004        Mar 26, Phoenix Bishop Thomas O'Brien was sentenced to four years' probation and 1,000 hours of community service for a deadly hit-and-run that claimed the life of pedestrian Jim Reed.
    (AP, 3/26/05)

2004        Apr 22, Pat Tillman, former safety for the Arizona Cardinals, was killed in an ambush in Afghanistan. He had walked away from millions of dollars to join the Army Rangers and serve his country. In late May the Army said that Tillman was likely killed by friendly fire. In 2005 a new Army report said top officials held back information that Tillman was killed by “friendly fire." In 2007 a Pentagon report found no plot to conceal evidence, but recommended that officers be held accountable for making misleading statements about Tillman’s death. A general was censured on July 31, 2007. In 2009 Jon Krakauer authored “Where Men Win Glory: The Odyssey of Pat Tillman."
    (AP, 4/24/04)(AP, 5/29/04)(SFC, 5/4/05, p.A9)(SFC, 3/27/07, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/1/07, p.A1)(SSFC, 9/20/09, p.B1)

2004        May 18, Randy Johnson (40) pitched a perfect game to lead the Arizona Diamondbacks to a 2-0 victory over the Atlanta Braves.
    (SFC, 5/19/04, p.D1)

2004        Aug 12, Dust storms on I-10 in Arizona caused vehicle pile-ups that left 4 dead.
    (WSJ, 8/13/04, p.A1)

2004        Sep 14, Arizona, California and Nevada joined with the federal government to undertake a 50-year, $620 million project to restore wildlife habitat along 342 miles of the lower Colorado River.
    (SFC, 9/15/04, p.A8)

2004        Sep 20, The diocese of Tucson, Arizona, filed for bankruptcy protection in seeking relief from debt due to sex-abuse settlements.
    (WSJ, 9/21/04, p.A1)

2004        Oct 13, In Tempe, Ariz., Pres. Bush and Sen John Kerry held their 3rd and final debate trading blows on taxes, gun control, abortion and jobs, striving to cement impressions in voters' minds in the run-up to Election Day.
    (SFC, 10/14/04, p.A1)(AP, 10/13/05)

2004        Oct 16, In Arizona a stolen truck filled with suspected illegal immigrants sped away from deputies and rolled over at a busy intersection near an Army post, causing an 11-car crash that killed six people and seriously injured 15.
    (AP, 10/17/04)

2004        Oct 24, Arizona's Emmitt Smith broke Walter Payton's NFL record for 100-yard games rushing with his 78th.
    (AP, 10/24/05)

2004        Nov 2, Arizona voters passed Prop. 200 aimed at cracking down on illegal immigration. It required proof of citizenship before receipt of  public benefits or voting.
    (SFC, 11/5/04, p.A4)(Econ, 10/21/06, p.32)

2004        Nov 21, Scientists released water from Glen Canyon Dam and flooded the Grand Canyon in an effort to restore the Colorado river ecosystem.
    (SFC, 11/22/04, p.A2)

2004        Nov, Tom and Jackie Hawks of Arizona were tied to an anchor and thrown overboard from their yacht off Southern California. In 2009 Skylar Deleon (29) of Long Beach was convicted of their murder and sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 4/11/09, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skylar_Deleon)

2004        John McAfee, computer software multi-millionaire, formed a network of runways in New Mexico and Arizona for recreational light sport aircraft.
    (WSJ, 4/21/07, p.A10)

2005        Jan 8, Richard P. Rodriguez (29) stabbed to death Angela M. Smith (51) in Tucson, Az. Rodriguez was found dead of a gunshot wound the next day in Blythe, Ca., near the Arizona border. He had grown up in the evangelical sex cult “Children of God" also known as the Family. Smith, a member of the cult, was involved in his upbringing. The cult was later linked to the San Diego based Family Care Foundation. In 2007 Don Lattin authored “Jesus Freaks: A True Story of Murder and Madness on the Evangelical Edge."
    (SFC, 1/11/05, p.B8)(SSFC, 2/6/05, p.A1)(SSFC, 10/20/07, p.M1)

2005        Apr 3, In Arizona Minuteman anti-immigrant activists began showing up to guard the border against illegal crossings. Grupo Beta, a Mexican government-sponsored organization that tries to discourage people from crossing illegally and aids those stranded in the desert, began patrolling that area along with state police officers.
    (AP, 4/6/05)

2005        May 12, The US government said FBI agents in Arizona had arrested 16 current and former law enforcement officers and US soldiers who had accepted over $220,000 in bribes to help move drugs past checkpoints.
    (SFC, 5/13/05, p.A4)

2005        May 20-2005 May 23, In Arizona 12 illegal immigrants were reported dead while crossing the border under triple digit heat.
    (SFC, 5/23/05, p.A3)

2005        Jun, In Colorado City, Arizona, Warren Jeffs, the leader of the Fundamentalist Church of the latter Day Saints (FLDS) was indicted on 2 charges of organizing child-bride marriages. Jeffs was jailed in February, 2008. In June, 2010, a judge dismissed all state charges against Jeffs after 2 alleged victims no longer wanted to proceed with prosecution.
    (Econ, 10/15/05, p.33)(SFC, 6/10/10, p.A5)

2005        Jun 24, In Yuma, Arizona, 6 people, including 4 children, were killed. Police said a man was seen running from the scene and had not been apprehended.
    (AP, 6/26/05)

2005        Jul 21, In Phoenix, Az., a blistering heat wave was blamed for the deaths of 18 people. 10 were homeless; the other two were elderly women.
    (AP, 7/21/05)

2005        Jul 25, Intel announced plans to build a $3 billion computer microprocessor fabrication plant in Arizona.
    (SFC, 7/26/05, p.D1)

2005        Aug 23, In Arizona 2 employees were gunned down outside a Wal-Mart store in Glendale, a Phoenix suburb. In 2009 Ed Liu, the accused gunman, was committed to a mental hospital  instead of a trial on murder charges. Liu was accused of shooting Patrick Graham (35) and Anthony Spangler (18) as they collected shopping carts.
    (http://tinyurl.com/boc95v)(SSFC, 2/22/09, p.A8)

2005        Samih Fadl Jamal, ring leader of a national theft operation based in Mesa, Arizona, was convicted of 20 charges related to the sale of $22 million of stolen baby formula. He was sentenced to 10 years.
    (SFC, 8/1/06, p.D3)

2006        Jan 24, A Mexican government commission said it will distribute at least 70,000 maps showing highways, rescue beacons and water tanks in the Arizona desert to curb the death toll among illegal border crossers.
    (AP, 1/24/06)

2006        Jan 26, Mexico said it will suspend its plan to distribute maps to migrants wanting to cross the US border illegally. An official said the decision was made because the maps would show anti-immigrant groups where migrants likely would gather.
    (AP, 1/26/06)

2006        Jan 26, The Arizona Supreme Court ordered first-term Republican Rep. David Burnell Smith to leave office at midnight for violating a state's public campaign financing system during his 2004 primary race.
    (AP, 1/27/06)

2006        Feb 7, Phoenix Coyotes assistant coach Rick Tocchet was charged with financing a nationwide gambling ring based out of New Jersey.
    (AP, 2/7/07)

2006        Feb 20, Archbishop Paul C. Marcinkus (84), a former Vatican bank chief linked to a huge Italian banking scandal in the 1980s, was found dead in his home in Sun City, Ariz.
    (AP, 2/20/07)

2006        May 18, Visiting one of the busiest crossing sectors between the US and Mexico, President Bush said in Yuma, Ariz., that it made sense to put up fencing along parts of the border but not to block off the entire 2,000 mile length to keep out illegal immigrants.
    (AP, 5/18/07)

2006        Jun 22, A 2,585-acre fire approached Slide Rock State Park in northern Arizona. The blaze started June 18 in a camp used by transients and spread quickly.
    (AP, 6/22/06)

2006        Jun 29, In Newark, NJ, a district judge sentenced Andrew Mantovani (24) to 2 years and 8 months in prison for operating the largest online marketplace for stolen credit card and debit card information. Mantovani of Scottsdale, Ariz., was co-founder of Shadowcrew, one of a number of online bazaars for stolen personal information. To date 18 Shadowcrew members had pleaded guilty.
    (WSJ, 7/3/06, p.B5)

2006        Jul 15, Phoenix, Ariz., residents were reported to be in fear of 2 serial killers, who have struck in recent months. Six killings were being attributed to the "Baseline Killer," whose name refers to the street where he is believed to have committed his first crimes. The 2nd suspected predator, dubbed the "Serial Shooter," has been definitively linked to the Dec. 29 wounding of one man and authorities believe he could be responsible for a total of five shooting deaths.
    (AP, 7/15/06)

2006        Aug 3, In Phoenix, Ariz., Dale S. Hausner (33) and Samuel John Dieteman (30), accused of shooting two dozen people, including six fatally, were arrested after police tailed them for a week. In 2009 Hausner was convicted of 6 murders. In 2009 Dieteman was sentenced to life in prison for random shootings in the Phoenix area in 2005 and 2006.
    (AP, 8/5/06)(WSJ, 3/28/09, p.A2)(SFC, 7/30/09, p.A4)

2006        Aug 7, In Arizona 9 illegal immigrants died when their SUV, crammed with up to 22 people, flipped while trying to evade pursuit by the Border Patrol.
    (WSJ, 8/8/06, p.A1)

2006        Sep 6, In Phoenix, Arizona, police arrested Mark Goudeau (42), a construction worker, for 2 sexual assaults. In December police identified Goudeau as the Baseline Killer and recommended charging him with 71 counts including 9 murders committed from August, 2005, to June, 2006. His trial opened in 2011.
    (www.amw.com/fugitives/brief.cfm?id=39736)(SFC, 12/8/06, p.A13)(SFC, 6/7/11, p.A4)

2006        Nov 7, Arizona became the first US state to defeat  an amendment to ban gay marriage. The passage of Proposition 200 would entitle one voter to win $1 million just for voting in the nation’s first ballot box lottery.
    (SFC, 11/4/06, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/06)

2006        Nov 14, Brandon Webb of the Arizona Diamondbacks won a wide-open race for the NL Cy Young Award.
    (AP, 11/14/07)

2006        Dec 21, The US Census Bureau said Arizona had deposed Nevada as the fastest growing US state.
    (WSJ, 12/22/06, p.A1)

2007        Jan 12, Francisco Javier Dominguez-Rivera (22) of Puebla, Mexico, was killed in a confrontation with the unidentified agent north of the US-Mexico border in Arizona between Bisbee and Douglas. On Jan 16 the Mexican government sent a diplomatic note to the United States protesting the fatal shooting.
    (AP, 1/16/07)

2007        Jan 21, More than a foot of snow fell on parts of northern Arizona, while children as far south as Tucson got a rare chance to play in the snow.
    (AP, 1/22/07)

2007        Feb 23, Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport became the first in the United States to begin testing new X-ray screening technology that can see through people's clothes.
    (AP, 2/23/08)

2007        Mar 20, In Arizona the Hualapai Indian tribe invited a select few to the unveiling of the horseshoe-shaped deck over the Grand Canyon in advance of a public opening planned for March 28. Tour packages with deck access will range in price from $49.95 to $199. The deck, which juts 70 feet beyond the canyon's edge, will accommodate up to 120 guests at a time.
    (AP, 3/21/07)

2007        Mar 21, Sonia Falcone, former Miss Bolivia (1988), was ordered to leave the United States after pleading guilty to employing four illegal immigrants as household servants at her $10.5 million mansion in Paradise Valley, Ariz.
    (www.eastvalleytribune.com/story/86326?source=rss&dest=STY-86326)

2007        Apr 6, Arizona authorities found at least 80 suspected illegal immigrants in a house west of Phoenix and arrested two suspected smugglers.
    (AP, 4/7/07)

2007        May 1, The design for the Arizona quarter, chosen by Gov. Janet Napolitano, was announced. It includes a "Grand Canyon State" banner across the middle of the quarter, separating the canyon view with a multi-rayed sun above and a saguaro in a desert landscape below. The 48th of the state series will be released in 2008, followed by Alaska and Hawaii.
    (AP, 5/1/07)

2007        May 23, Jordin Sparks (17) of Glendale, Ariz., was crowned the newest and youngest "American Idol."
    (AP, 5/24/07)

2007        Jul 2, Arizona Gov. Janet Napolitano signed a bill imposing stiff penalties on employers who hire illegal immigrants.
    (Econ, 7/7/07, p.35)(www.azcentral.com/news/articles/0702sanctions02-ON.html)

2007        Jul 27, In Phoenix, Arizona, 2 news helicopters covering a police chase on live television collided and crashed to the ground, killing all four people on board.
    (AP, 7/28/07)

2007        Sep 5, Contest organizers in Tucson, Az., said Kelly McBee, a 30-year-old mother of three from northern Wyoming, is the new Mrs. America. McBee won the national crown in a ceremony at the Loews Ventana Canyon Resort.
    (AP, 9/6/07)

2007        Sep 15, In western Mexico a bus carrying tourists including passengers of a flight from Phoenix crashed, killing at least 17 people.
    (AP, 9/16/07)

2007        Sep 16, The Phoenix Mercury beat the Detroit Shock 108-92 to win their first WNBA title.
    (AP, 9/16/08)

2007        Sep 20, It was reported that Arizona Prof. Piere Balthazard planned to use data from brain scans of visionary leaders to plot a map of a “leader’s" brain. He then planned to use the map to help train others use their brains similarly.
    (WSJ, 9/20/07, p.B1)

2007        Sep 28, Traveler Carol Anne Gotbaum of New York died in a holding cell at Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix; authorities say Gotbaum accidentally asphyxiated herself after being chained to a bench.
    (AP, 9/28/08)

2007        Dec 7, US federal officials outlined a new plan on how to allocate water to California, Arizona and Nevada from the Colorado River in case of shortages.
    (SFC, 12/10/07, p.A9)

2007        Dec 14, A man accused of being the Phoenix Baseline Killer was sentenced to 438 years in prison for the sexual assaults of two sisters. As of 2008 Mark Goudeau still faced trial for the slayings of eight women and a man in 2005-2006; he has pleaded not guilty.
    (AP, 12/14/08)

2008        Jan 1, In Arizona new laws targeting employers who hire illegal immigrants took effect, with experts predicting the move may cost the state's economy billions of dollars in lost income and taxes.
    (AP, 1/1/08)

2008        Feb 22, Arizona Republican Rep. Rick Renzi was indicted on charges of extortion, wire fraud, money laundering and other matters in an Arizona land swap scam that allegedly helped him collect hundreds of thousands of dollars in payoffs.
    (AP, 2/22/08)

2008        Feb 21, Evan Mecham (b.1924), former Arizona Gov. (1987-1988), died. He was impeached, indicted and subjected to a recall campaign in 1988 for misuse of state funds and inflammatory racial opinions.
    (SFC, 2/23/08, p.B5)

2008        Apr 23, Officials said the US is scrapping a $20 million virtual fence, developed by Boeing Corp., on the Arizona-Mexico border because the system failed to adequately alert border patrol agents to illegal crossings.
    (SFC, 4/24/08, p.A7)

2008        Apr 27, In Arizona a truck jammed with as many as 60 illegal immigrants crashed near Arizona City killing 4 people.
    (SFC, 4/28/08, p.A3)

2008        May, Evaristo Ortiz-Jimenez (36), Mexican human smuggler, and 4 others held hostage 21 illegal immigrants in a Phoenix, Az., drop house. In 2009 they were indicted by a federal grand jury and in Sep Ortiz-Jimenez was sentenced to 25 years in prison. 3 other defendants were yet to be sentenced.
    (http://lawfuel.com/show-release.asp?ID=20423)(SFC, 9/23/09, p.A10)

2008        Jun 2, Scott Coles (48), Arizona financier, was found dead of apparent suicide. His firm Mortgages Ltd., a company founded by his father in 1963, entered bankruptcy on June 24.
    (WSJ, 7/16/08, p.A1)

2008        Jun 4, In Arizona Travis Alexander (30) died at his home in Mesa after he was stabbed and shot in the head by his girlfriend Jodi Arias (28). Arias later pleaded self-defense.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Killing_of_Travis_Alexander)(SFC, 5/4/13, p.A6)

2008        Jun 29, A helicopter ferrying a patient with a medical emergency from the Grand Canyon collided into another chopper carrying a patient near a northern Arizona hospital, leaving six people dead and critically injuring a nurse.
    (AP, 6/30/08)

2008        Jul 28, The propeller-driven "Zephyr" aircraft, owned by QinetiQ Group PLC, began a flight over the Arizona desert and continued for an unofficial record of 83 hours and 37 minutes, more than doubling the official world record set by Northrop Grumman's "Global Hawk" in 2001. The 66 pound- (30 kilogram-) plane was launched by hand and flown by autopilot and via satellite.
    (AP, 8/24/08)

2008        Aug 7, In Arizona an SUV packed with suspected illegal immigrants flipped over southeast of Phoenix killing at least 9 people. There were 19 people in the vehicle.
    (SFC, 8/8/08, p.A4)

2008        Oct 27, A US officials announced that Francisco Celaya Carrilo, a Mexican immigration officer, had been caught in Arizona with 170 pounds of marijuana.
    (SFC, 10/28/08, p.A11)

2008        Nov 5, In St. Johns, Arizona, a boy (8) fatally shot his father, Vincent Romero (29) and Timothy Romans (39) of San Carlos, with a .22-caliber rifle.
    (AP, 11/8/08)

2008        Dec 23, In Phoenix, Arizona, Joe Sauceda Gallegos (36) beat 2 boys, ages 7 and 10, with an aluminum baseball bat. On Apr 4, 2012, Gallegos was sentenced to 2 life terms in prison, after pleading guilty to 2 counts of 1st degree murder.
    (SFC, 12/25/08, p.A4)(SFC, 4/5/12, p.A8)

2008        Phoenix, Az., known as America’s kidnapping capital, reached a 10-year high with 359 kidnappings. The majority were committed by drug and immigrant smugglers.
    (SFC, 12/28/09, p.A5)

2009        Jan 21, Arizona’s Republican Sec of State, Janice Brewer (b.1944), became governor after Democrat Janet Napolitano vacated her office to become Pres. Obama’s Sec. of Homeland Security.
    (Econ, 11/7/09, p.33)(www.azgovernor.gov/About_Gov.asp)

2009        Jan 30, A trip to the Grand Canyon turned deadly when a bus carrying Chinese tourists overturned on an Arizona highway near the Hoover Dam, killing seven people and injuring 10 others, several critically.
    (AP, 1/31/09)

2009        Feb 1, In Super Bowl XLIII at Tampa, Florida, the Pittsburgh Steelers beat the Arizona Cardinals 27-23.
    (SFC, 2/2/09, p.A1)

2009        Feb 28, Paul Harvey (b.1918), news commentator and talk-radio pioneer, died in Arizona. His staccato style made him one of the nation's most familiar voices. Harvey had been heard nationally since 1951, when he began his "News and Comment" for ABC Radio Networks.
    (AP, 3/1/09)(SSFC, 3/1/09, p.A12)

2009        Apr 10, In Arizona Samuel Valdivia (18), a high school student, was caught with his math teacher, Tamara Hofmann (48) in her bedroom, and was stabbed to death by boyfriend Sixto Balbuena (20), who was himself a former student of hers. Balbuena, a Navy sailor on leave from California, was arrested on a charge of second-degree murder after police found him covered in blood and told them about the killing.
    (AP, 4/15/09)

2009        Apr 19, In Arizona Doug Georgianni (51) was shot and killed while collecting data from a traffic enforcement camera inside an SUV in Phoenix. The next day police arrested Thomas Patrick Destories (68) on 1st degree murder charges.
    (WSJ, 4/21/09, p.A7)(WSJ, 4/22/09, p.A6)

2009        May 16, The Tucson Citizen, Arizona’s oldest continuously published daily newspaper, published its final print edition. The Citizen will continue with an online edition with just commentary and opinion.
    (SFC, 5/16/09, p.A5)

2009        May 30, In Arizona a home invasion in rural Arivaca left Brisenia Flores (9) and her father Raul Flores Jr., dead. In June 3 people were arrested for the murders. Two of the people arrested headed up a splinter Minuteman group, and were looking for drugs and money to fund their efforts to keep illegal immigrants and drug runners out of the country. On Feb 14, 2011, Shawna Forde, head of the Minutemen American Defense group, was found guilty of murder. On Feb 22 a jury sentenced her to death.
    (SFC, 2/15/11, p.A10)(Econ, 3/5/11, p.38)

2009        Jun 6, In southern Arizona a sport utility vehicle crammed with at least 27 people crashed just before midnight killing 10 undocumented immigrants.
    (SFC, 6/8/09, p.A6)

2009        Jun 24, In Arizona Trenda Lynne Halton of Peoria was indicted for recruiting as many as 136 people to pose as college students and defrauding the government out of nearly $154,000 in student aid money.
    (SFC, 6/25/09, p.A5)
2009        Jun 24, In Arizona a private plane crashed killing 4 people. The plane was returning to Texas from California and carried over 12 pounds of marijuana and over $8,000 cash.
    (SFC, 6/27/09, p.A5)

2009        Jul 16, In Phoenix, Arizona, 4 boys, all Liberian refugees (9-14) lured a Liberian girl (8) to a storage shed and raped her. Charges against one of the boys, aged 8, were dropped on Dec 16 after a judge ruled the boy was not competent to stand trial.
    (SFC, 8/10/09, p.A4)(SFC, 12/17/09, p.A12)

2009        Aug 5, In Arizona Brenda Arenas (15), was shot in the head during a botched carjacking in Tucson. She died in her mother's arms soon after the attack. Her 3-year-old sister watched the crime from the backseat of the car. On Jan 29, 2011, Orel Vasquez (20) Christian Vasquez (26), and Juan Leon (29) approached a border crossing point at Nogales and told US officers they were wanted for the shooting and were turning themselves in.
    (Reuters, 1/30/11)

2009        Aug 14, Real estate lender Colonial BancGroup Inc. was shut down by federal officials in the biggest US bank failure this year. The FDIC, which was appointed receiver of the Montgomery, Ala.-based Colonial and its about $25 billion in assets, said the failed bank's 346 branches in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Nevada and Texas will reopen at the normal times starting on Aug 15 as offices of Winston-Salem, N.C.-based BB&T. Regulators also closed four other banks: Community Bank of Arizona, based in Phoenix; Union Bank, based in Gilbert, Ariz.; Community Bank of Nevada, based in Las Vegas; and Dwelling House Savings and Loan Association, located in Pittsburgh. The closures boosted to 77 the number of federally insured banks that have failed in 2009.
    (AP, 8/15/09)

2009        Sep 30, In Arizona a new law took effect allowing people with concealed weapons permits to enter bars and restaurants, that haven’t posted signs banning guns. Those carrying weapons would not be allowed to drink alcohol.
    (SFC, 9/30/09, p.A8)

2009        Oct 8, In Arizona 21 people were taken to area hospitals with illnesses ranging from dehydration to kidney failure after being overcome while sitting in a sweat-lodge at the Angel Valley resort in Sedona. Kirby Brown (38) of Westtown, N.Y., and James Shore (40), of Milwaukee died upon arrival at a hospital. On Oct 17 Liz Neuman (49) from Minnesota died from multiple organ damage. The lodge was run by self-help guru James Arthur Ray. On Feb 3, 2010, Ray was arrested on 3 counts of manslaughter. Ray was released from state prison on July 12, 2013.
    (SFC, 10/10/09, p.A4)(SSFC, 10/11/09, p.A6)(AP, 10/18/09)(SFC, 2/4/10, p.A6)(SFC, 7/13/13, p.A4)

2009        Oct 20, In Arizona Faleh Hassan Almaleki (49), an Iraqi immigrant, ran his Jeep Cherokee over his daughter, Noor Almaleki (20), after she refused an arranged marriage and went to college. Noor died of her injuries on Nov 2, 2009. On Feb 22, 2011, Faleh Hassan Almaleki was convicted of 2nd degree murder.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honor_killing_in_the_United_States)(SFC, 2/23/11, p.A4)

2009        Oct 30, US banking regulators closed nine banks in California, Illinois, Texas and Arizona. They were all divisions of privately held FBOP Corp. based in Oak Park, Ill.
    (SSFC, 11/1/09, p.A15)

2009        In Arizona a field office of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) decided that agents would allow “straw purchasers" to buy guns from American shops in “Operation Fast and Furious," hoping the guns might later provide evidence in bigger cases. In 2010 Border patrol agent Brian Terry was shot dead in a firefight and 2 rifles recovered at the scene were from the operation.
    (Econ, 1/21/12, p.34)

2010        Jan 4, Solis Palma, a Mexican migrant, was shot and killed after he reportedly attacked a US Border Patrol agent in southern Arizona with rocks.
    (AP, 1/6/10)

2010        Jan 15, In Arizona an oversight board voted to close 13 state parks in response to budget cuts. Since July the Legislature has cut 61% of the state parks budget.
    (SFC, 1/16/10, p.A4)

2010        Jan 17, Arizona made $735 million by selling more than a dozen state buildings, including the state's Capitol.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yjd8vjr)

2010        Jan 28, In Arizona police Lt. Eric Shuhandler (42) was shot in the face as he walked back toward a pickup after finding the passenger had an arrest warrant. Shuhandler, the father of two girls, was rushed to a hospital, where he died shortly before midnight. A high-speed, 50-mile chase ended near the small mountain mining community of Superior when the suspects jumped out and opened fire on police before falling to the ground in a hail of bullets. The suspects were identified as Christopher A. Redondo (35) of Globe, and Daimen Irizarry (30) of Gilbert. Both were expected to survive.
    (AP, 1/30/10)

2010        Feb 15, In Arizona a helicopter crashed north of Phoenix killing 5 people onboard including Thomas Stewart (64), the head of Services Group of America.
    (SFC, 2/16/10, p.A6)

2010        Feb 19, Pres. Obama, speaking in Nevada targeted Arizona, California, Florida, Michigan and Nevada in a $1.5 billion “innovation fund" to assist homeowners struggling against foreclosure.
    (SFC, 2/20/10, p.A1)

2010        Mar 5, In Arizona 6 people were killed when a passenger bus hit another vehicle and rolled over on the interstate south of Phoenix.
    (AP, 3/5/10)

2010        Mar 27, Robert Krentz (58), a prominent Arizona rancher near the Mexican border, was shot while working at his remote cattle ranch on the Arizona-Mexico border. His family's ranch sprawled over 35,000 acres. Investigators tracked the footprints of the suspected gunman about 20 miles south to the border with Mexico, prompting some authorities to blame smugglers or illegal immigrants for the killing.
    (Reuters, 4/1/10)

2010        Apr 15, US federal agents, some in black hoods, swarmed over five Arizona shuttle businesses in a major crackdown on human trafficking, arresting dozens of van operators and smugglers accused of transporting illegal immigrants from the Mexican border to Phoenix.
    (AP, 4/16/10)

2010        Apr 16, Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer signed into law a bill making Arizona the third state allowing people to carry a concealed weapon without requiring a permit.
    (AP, 4/16/10)

2010        Apr 19, Arizona lawmakers passed a controversial immigration bill requiring police in the state that borders Mexico to determine if people are in the United States illegally, a measure critics say is open to racial profiling.
    (Reuters, 4/20/10)

2010        Apr 21, In Arizona the Havasupai Indian tribe ended a 7-year legal fight with Arizona State Univ. over blood samples members gave to university researchers for diabetes research that were also used to study schizophrenia, inbreeding and ancient population migration. Tribal members called it a case of genetic piracy.
    (SFC, 4/22/10, p.A6)

2010        Apr 23, Arizona’s Gov. Jan Brewer signed into law SB1070, a bill that supporters said would take handcuffs off police in dealing with illegal immigration. Arizona, with an estimated 460,000 illegal immigrants, was the nation's busiest gateway for human and drug smuggling from Mexico.
    (AP, 4/24/10)(Econ, 7/31/10, p.25)

2010        May 8, In northern Mexico the body of Ronald C. Ryan (67), a US citizen from Phoenix, Az., was found the partially buried near a creek on the outskirts of Santa Ana, Sonora state. He had been reported missing May 3. State police had reported detaining three men the following day who had left Ryan's pickup truck at a carwash in Santa Ana.
    (AP, 5/10/10)

2010        May 11, Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer signed a bill targeting a school district's ethnic studies program, hours after a report by United Nations human rights experts condemned the measure. The measure prohibits classes that advocate ethnic solidarity, that are designed primarily for students of a particular race or that promote resentment toward a certain ethnic group. State schools chief Tom Horne, who has pushed the bill for years, said he believes the Tucson school district's Mexican-American studies program teaches Latino students that they are oppressed by white people.
    (AP, 5/12/10)

2010        May 13, The Los Angeles City Council voted to boycott Arizona businesses, making it the largest city to take such action to protest the state's tough new law targeting illegal immigration.
    (AP, 5/13/10)

2010        May 18, Arizona voters approved a 1% sales tax increase.
    (http://tinyurl.com/n2mdega)

2010        May 20, Mexican President Felipe Calderon also took his opposition to a new Arizona immigration law to Congress, saying it "ignores a reality that cannot be erased by decree." Calderon also urged the US Congress to reinstate a ban on assault weapons to help cut cross-border gun smuggling and reduce drug gang violence for its southern neighbor.
    (AP, 5/20/10)(Reuters, 5/21/10)

2010        Jun 8, The US Supreme Court derailed a key part of Arizona's campaign finance system by at least temporarily blocking extra money for publicly funded candidates outspent by privately financed rivals or targeted by independent groups' spending.
    (AP, 6/8/10)

2010        Jun 21, In Arizona the Schultz fire around Flagstaff spread to 8,850 acres as some 300 firefighters battled the blaze.
    (SFC, 6/22/10, p.A5)

2010        Jul 6, The Obama administration sued Arizona to throw out the state's toughest-in-the-nation immigration law and keep other states from copying it. The lawsuit filed in federal court in Phoenix said the law, due to take effect July 29, usurps the federal government's "pre-eminent authority" under the Constitution to regulate immigration.
    (AP, 7/6/10)

2010        Jul 28, US District Judge Susan Bolton put most of Arizona’s new immigration law, SB1070, on hold in a key first-round victory for the federal government in a fight that may go to the US Supreme Court.
    (AP, 7/29/10)(Econ, 7/31/10, p.25)
2010        Jul 28, In Arizona a medical helicopter crashed on a Tucson street killing all three people aboard.
    (SFC, 7/29/10, p.A6)

2010        Jul 30, In Arizona 3 convicted murderers escaped from a private prison. Daniel Renwick (36) was caught on Aug 1. Terry Province (42) and John McCluskey (45) remained at large. On Aug 4, the burned remains of Linda and Gary Haas (61) were found in a charred camper in Santa Rosa, New Mexico. Province and McCluskey were linked to their killing as was Casslyn Welch (44), a woman who helped them escape. Province was captured on Aug 9 in Meeteetse, Wyoming. On Jan 20, 2012, Province and Welch agreed to plead guilty to charges of carjacking resulting in death, conspiracy and other charges.
    (SFC, 8/2/10, p.A5)(SSFC, 8/8/10, p.A7)(SFC, 8/9/10, p.A5)(SFC, 1/21/12, p.A4)

2010        Aug 19, Authorities in eastern Arizona arrested John McCluskey (45) and his alleged accomplice Casslyn Welch (44) at a campsite in the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest. McCluskey fled July 30 with two other inmates from a private prison in northwest Arizona and evaded authorities in at least six states before being caught. On Oct 7, 2013, McCluskey was convicted of murder in the August, 2010, killings of retirees Gary and Linda Haas in New Mexico.
    (AP, 8/20/10)(SFC, 10/8/12, p.A5)

2010        Aug 28, In Arizona Brian Diez (26) shot 5 people including the mother of his 2 children and her boyfriend before fleeing with the children to southern California. Diez shot and killed himself the next day. 5 people died in the shootings at Lake Havasu.
    (SFC, 8/30/10, p.A5)

2010        Sep 2, The US Justice Dept. sued Joe Arpaio, the sheriff of Arizona’s Maricopa county, for failing to turn over documents in an investigation of his aggressive operations against illegal immigrants.
    (SFC, 9/3/10, p.A7)

2010        Sep 28, Mayor Octavio Garcia Von Borstel (29) of Nogales, Az., was arrested by FBI agents on multiple charges including bribery, theft, fraud and money laundering.
    (SFC, 9/29/10, p.A7)

2010        Oct 6, Northern Arizona was hit by 3 tornadoes. 28 cars of a parked freighttrain were derailed. 15 homes in Bellemont were made uninhabitable.
    (SFC, 10/7/10, p.A8)

2010        Oct 8, The remains of Lexis Roberts (12) from Nevada were found in Louisiana. A warrant was later issued for Thomas Steven Sanders (53). In 1994 family members had declared Sanders dead, seven years after he vanished. In November the remains of a woman, believed to be her mother, Suellen Roberts (31) were found in Arizona.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2dwr8pa)(SFC, 11/5/10, p.A8)(SFC, 11/16/10, p.A18)

2010        Oct 10, In Chandler, Arizona, Martin Alejandro Cota-Monroy's body was found in a suburban Phoenix apartment, his severed head a couple feet away. Detectives suspected that Cota-Monroy's killing was punishment for stealing drugs. A police report on Feb 2, 2011, said that Cota-Monroy stole 400 pounds of marijuana and some meth from the PEI-Estatales/El Chapo drug trafficking organization. Cota-Monroy told the cartel that the Border Patrol had seized the drugs, but the cartel learned the truth and hired men to kidnap and kill him in Nogales, Mexico. Cota-Monroy fled to the Phoenix area, leading the cartel to hire assassins to go to Arizona, befriend Cota-Monroy and kill him. One man, Crisantos Moroyoqui, was later charged in the killing, and three others were believed to have fled to Mexico.
    (AP, 10/30/10)(AP, 3/3/11)

2010        Oct 14, On the Arizona and Nevada border a soaring bypass bridge high above the Colorado River near Hoover Dam was dedicated after nearly eight years and $240 million worth of work. The bridge, which officially opens next week, is named for former Nevada Gov. Mike O'Callaghan and Pat Tillman.
    (AP, 10/14/10)

2010        Oct 17, In Arizona a commercial tour bus drifted off a highway near Meadview and rolled over several times killing 2 people and injuring several others.
    (SFC, 10/18/10, p.A5)

2010        Oct 26, Arizona executed a convicted murderer by lethal injection in a case that stirred controversy after it emerged that one of the drugs being used to end the inmate's life was obtained in Britain. Jeffrey Landrigan (50), convicted of the murder of Chester Dean Dyer in 1989, was executed at a state prison in Florence. Dyer, who was strangled to death, was found by a co-worker on December 15, 1989, after he failed to show up for work. Landrigan was the 24th person executed in Arizona since the state resumed capital punishment in 1992. 132 inmates remained on the state's death row.
    (AP, 10/29/10)

2010        Nov 2, Arizona voters by a narrow margin approved a measure to legalize medical marijuana.
    (SSFC, 11/14/10, p.A14)

2010        Nov 10, US investigators said authorities have dismantled a major cell of a human smuggling ring that may be responsible for the transportation of thousands of illegal immigrants from the US-Mexico border to Phoenix and other parts of the country. 9 people were arrested after a yearlong investigation and 62 vans were seized from the group. The group was led by a Mexican man named as Mark Rodriguez-Banks (29), aka Ricardo Morales-Mejia.
    (AP, 11/10/10)

2010        Dec 8, Pres. Obama signed legislation to pay American Indians and black farmers some $4.6 billion for government mistreatment over many decades. The legislation settled 4 long-standing Native American water rights in Arizona, New Mexico and Montana.
    (SFC, 12/9/10, p.A18)

2010        Dec 12, The Washington Post reported that 8 out of the 12 top US gun dealers whose products fuel Mexico's drug violence are located in the state of Texas. 3 others were in Arizona, and one was in California. There are 3,800 gun retailers in Texas, 300 in Houston alone.
    (AFP, 12/12/10)

2010        Dec 13, US immigration agents discovered a 13-foot drug tunnel stretching from the Mexican border to a metered parking space in Arizona, where vehicles with holes cut in the bottom would park and take marijuana from people inside the underground space.
    (AP, 12/14/10)
2010        Dec 13, Sheila Verke, a 64-year-old substitute teacher and single parent from Fort Mohave, Arizona, claimed a $95.3 million Powerball jackpot.
    (AP, 12/14/10)

2010        Dec 14, In Arizona a shootout between border patrol agents and bandits near the border with Mexico left American agent Brian A. Terry (40) dead and a suspect wounded. On May 6, 2011, Manuel Osorio-Arellanes of El Fuerte, Mexico, was indicted for 2nd degree murder. On July 9, 2012, a federal grand jury indictment named 6 people involved in Terry’s killing. A $1 million reward was offered to help track 4 fugitives in the case. On Feb 10, 2014 Osorio-Arellanes was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/16/10)(SFC, 5/7/11, p.A4)(SFC, 7/10/12, p.A6)(SFC, 2/11/14, p.A5)

2010        Dec 17, The states of Arizona and Nevada sued Bank of America Corp., accusing the largest US bank of routinely misleading consumers about home loan modifications.
    (Reuters, 12/17/10)

2010        Dec 26, In Arizona Gavin MacFarlane (28) opened fire inside a Phoenix strip club killing 2 people and wounding 2 others.
    (SFC, 12/28/10, p.A6)

2011        Jan 5, A US Border Patrol agent was involved in a shooting on the Arizona border with Mexico that resulted in the death of Ramses Barron Torres (17), who was trying to illegally scale the border fence.
    (Reuters, 1/5/11)(SFC, 1/7/11, p.A2)

2011        Jan 7, Arizona police said they've found the bodies of two of the three men reported missing after test-driving a Jeep in the Salt River bottom in southwest Phoenix. The men reportedly took their Jeep out to the river bottom a day earlier to test the vehicle and never returned home.
    (AP, 1/8/11)

2011        Jan 8, Rep. Gabrielle Giffords (40) of Arizona was shot in the head when an assailant opened fire outside a grocery store during a meeting with constituents in Tucson. The dead included US District Judge John Roll (63); Christina Greene (9); Giffords aide Gabe Zimmerman (30); Dorothy Morris (76); Dorwin Stoddard (76); and Phyllis Scheck (79). 9 others were wounded. Giffords underwent a two-hour surgery and remained unconscious. The shooter was in custody and was identified as Jared Loughner (22). On May 25 a federal judge declared that Loughner was incompetent to stand trial. Loughner, who has schizophrenia, was forcibly medicated at a Missouri prison medical facility so he can be competent to understand the charges against him. On Nov 8, 2012, he was ordered to serve the seven consecutive life sentences, plus 140 years in federal prison for the shootings.
    (AP, 1/8/11)(AP, 1/9/11)(SFC, 5/26/11, p.A7)    (AP, 11/8/12)

2011        Jan 25, A federal indictment was unsealed in Phoenix, Az., and charged 20 people for participating in a ring that bought more than 700 guns to be smuggled into Mexico for use by a drug cartel. Police arrested 17 suspects in a multi-agency operation across the Phoenix valley. Three other suspects remained at large.
    (AP, 1/26/11)(Reuters, 1/26/11)

2011        Feb 17, Federal prosecutors in Arizona said two illegal immigrants from Mexico, Jose Beltran-Bermudez and Yazmin Arvayo-Palafox, have been indicted after they were found to possess a combined 222 assault rifles and 5 pistols that authorities say were headed to Mexico.
    (AP, 2/17/11)
2011        Feb 17, US Federal authorities said police have arrested nine people and seized 300 firearms, including assault rifles, in a raid targeting an arms ring that allegedly sold weapons to Mexican drug traffickers. Operation Too Hot to Handle netted a haul of around 300 guns, mostly Kalashnikov-type rifles and semi-automatic pistols, seized in Arizona, Texas and Mexico.
    (Reuters, 2/17/11)

2011        Mar 21, In Arizona Carlos La Madrid (19) was shot climbing a ladder while trying to cross the border back to Mexico. He was shot three times, twice in the back and once in the thigh, by Border Patrol agent Lucas Tidwell and died later the same day at a local hospital. Investigators found 48 pounds of marijuana in the back of the truck La Madrid was driving. A 17-year-old illegal immigrant identified as Jesus Manuel Chino Lino ran from the truck was arrested on charges of drug possession and transportation charges. In 2012 Guadalupe Guerrero, the mother of Carlos la Madrid, sued the US federal government and the agent.
    (AP, 3/28/11)(AP, 6/11/12)

2011        Apr 1, Southwest Airlines Flight 812 lost cabin pressure following a fuselage rupture just after takeoff from Phoenix. The Boeing 737-300 landed safely in Yuma with no injuries. Inspectors later found small cracks in 3 more Southwest planes. Some 300 flights were cancelled over the next 2 days as Southwest examined 79 similar planes.
    (SFC, 4/4/11, p.A6)

2011        Apr 28, Arizona Gov. Jan brewer signed a bill designating the colt Single-Action Army revolver as the state’s first official firearm. Brewer also signed a bill authorizing the construction of a fence along the state's portion of the US-Mexico border, either with other states or by itself. He also signed a bill approving special new license plates, including a “Don’t Tread On Me" slogan to commemorate the Tea Party.
    (SFC, 4/29/11, p.A7)(AP, 4/29/11)(SFC, 4/30/11, p.A6)

2011        May 5, Pima County, Ariz., police officers armed with SWAT gear and an armored personnel carrier raided at least four homes as part of an investigation into alleged marijuana trafficking. One of those homes belonged to Jose Guerena (26) and his wife, Vanessa Guerena. Guerena, a former Marine who served two tours of duty in Iraq, armed himself with his AR-15 rifle and told his wife and son to hide in a closet. As the officers entered, Guerena confronted them from the far end of a long, dark hallway. Police opened fire, releasing more than 70 rounds in about 7 seconds, at least 60 of which struck Guerena. He was pronounced dead a little over an hour later. Guerena had no prior criminal record, and the police found nothing illegal in his home. The safety on his gun was still activated when he was killed.
    (www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/05/25/jose-guerena-arizona-_n_867020.html?ncid=webmail)

2011        May 11, Samuel Kioskli (64), a former San Francisco ATM serviceman, was arrested during a routine traffic stop in Phoenix, Arizona. On July 4, 2010, he stole about 200,000 from six bank branches in SF and one in Daly City, Ca., by replacing cash with counterfeit $20 bills.
    (SFC, 5/27/11, p.C3)

2011        May 12, In Arizona 2 Border Patrol agents were killed when their SUV was struck by a freight train near Gila Bend.
    (SFC, 5/13/11, p.A4)

2011        May 24, In Arizona 3 employees of Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio were arrested on charges that they helped a drug and human smuggling organization from Mexico.
    (AP, 5/25/11)

2011        May 26, The US Supreme Court upheld Arizona’s “business death penalty," saying Arizona may deny employers a license to do business for a 2nd violation of its Legal Arizona Workers Act of 2007.
    (SFC, 5/27/11, p.A13)

2011        May 29, In Arizona a fire began in the Apache Sitgreaves National Forest. It soon became the largest fire in the state’s history. In August federal charges were filed against Caleb Joshua Malbeouf (26) and David Wayne Malbeouf (24) for leaving a campfire unattended.
    (SFC, 8/25/11, p.A4)

2011        Jun 1, A California-based company, Seeking to capitalize on Arizona's newly enacted medical marijuana law, opened a superstore-sized garden center in Phoenix catering to those who want to grow their own cannabis.
    (Reuters, 6/2/11)

2011        Jun 2, In Arizona Carey Hal Dyess (73) shot and killed 5 people in Yuma. Dyess was found dead of an apparent self-inflicted gunshot. The dead included an attorney who had represented his wife in a divorce.
    (SFC, 6/3/11, p.A4)

2011        Jun 5, The third worst forest fire in Arizona’s history continued to burn, affecting more than 225 square miles and causing many nearby residents to evacuate their homes. By June 8 the fire grew to nearly 486 square miles. Authorities believed it was started by an unattended campfire.
            (AP, 6/5/11)(SFC, 6/7/11, p.A5)(SFC, 6/8/11, p.A11)

2011        Jun 8, The wildfire raging in eastern Arizona, showed no signs of being under control. The blaze now spread over 607 square miles, blackening about 389,000 acres.  Authorities expressed concern that the flames could soon disrupt power lines, which would affect not only Arizona but parts of Texas and New Mexico.  
            (AP, 6/8/11)

2011        Jun 10, Arizona firefighters said they were making progress in containing a raging wildfire, but the fire still seemed on the verge of reaching New Mexico. Concern remained that it might damage power lines. The fire has now affected 639 square miles of forest and forced nearly 10,000 people to evacuate their homes.
            (AP, 6/10/11)(Reuters, 6/10/11)

2011       Jun 11, The wildfire in eastern Arizona was now spreading hazy smoke as far away as central New Mexico, causing officials there to worry about potential threats to people with respiratory conditions. The fire, still not contained, had now burned 672 square miles of land.
            (NYT, 6/11/11)(AP, 6/11/11)

2011        Jun 12, In Arizona a fire broke out near Sierra Vista. The Monument Fire soon forced 2,600 people to flee their homes and by June 20 had consumed 44 homes.
    (SFC, 6/20/11, p.A6)

2011        Jun 14, At its annual conference in Phoenix, the Southern Baptist Convention, until thirty years ago a nearly all-white organization, elected an African-American pastor, Rev. Fred Luter Jr. of New Orleans, to the position of first vice president. This is the highest position ever held by a black minister, and was seen by members as further proof that the Convention is committed to ethnic diversity. 
            (NYT, 6/15/11)
2011        Jun 14, The Wallow Fire in eastern Arizona has now burned more than 733 square miles, and is about to become the largest wildfire in state history.
            (AP, 6/14/11)

2011        Jun 15, In Arizona a grand jury indicted Donald Lapre, a Phoenix-based TV pitchman, accused of running a nationwide scheme to sell essentially worthless Internet-based businesses to more than 200,000 people. Victims were defrauded of nearly $52 million.
    (AP, 6/16/11)

2011        Jun 17, In Arizona firefighters continued to battle the Wallow Fire, which thus far has consumed 773 square miles, the largest in state history. Containment was at 33%.
    (SFC, 6/18/11, p.A5)

2011        Jun 26, In Arizona the Horseshoe Two wildfire was completely contained burning over 348 square miles. The Monument Fire was 85% contained and the 841-square mile Wallow Fire was 77% contained.
    (SFC, 6/27/11, p.A4)

2011        Jul 5, In Arizona a monster dust storm moved through the state halting airline flights and knocking out power to nearly 10,000 people.
    (SFC, 7/7/11, p.A7)

2011        Jul 20, In Arizona a new law went into effect requiring prisoner visitors to pay a one-time $25 background check fee. In August the Tempe-based Middle Ground Prison Reform filed a lawsuit seeking to have the fee declared a tax and any money paid so far returned to visitors.
    (AP, 9/13/11)

2011        Aug 19, Phoenix, Az., cleaned itself up after a wall of dust 1,000 feet tall blanketed the city. It was the 3rd major dust storm to the Phoenix area since last month.
    (SFC, 8/20/11, p.A6)

2011        Sep 1, Mexican police found a tunnel was found in the border city of Nogales, across the border from Nogales, Arizona. It was presumably used to smuggle people into the US. Police found it acting on information they received after discovering another tunnel in Nogales on Aug. 16.
    (AP, 9/5/11)

2011        Sep 8, A power blackout hit the southwest affecting 5 million people in Baja California, southern California, Arizona and parts of Sonora. It was caused by a utility worker making a routine repair in Yuma, Az. Most power was restored within 12 hours.
    (www.philly.com/philly/news/nation_world/129599288.html)

2011        Oct 2, In Arizona Donald Lapre, a Phoenix-based TV pitchman charged with running a nationwide scheme to sell essentially worthless Internet-based businesses, was found dead in his cell at a Florence facility. The government has said at least 220,000 victims in the scheme were defrauded of nearly $52 million.
    (AP, 10/3/11)

2011        Oct 31, Arizona law enforcement officials said a massive drug smuggling ring has been broken up. Over the past month 76 people were arrested linked to the Sinaloa drug cartel, which over the last 5 years had generated over $2 billion by smuggling cocaine, heroine and marijuana into the US.
    (SFC, 11/1/11, p.A7)
2011        Oct 31, An Arizona jury found Mark Goudeau (47), identified as the Phoenix area Baseline Killer, guilty of murdering 9 people in the summer of 2006. On Dec 30 Goudeau was sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 11/1/11, p.A6)(SFC, 12/1/11, p.A10)
2011        Oct 31, Mexican soldiers seized 2 catapults and 1.4 tons (1.3 metric tons of marijuana) during a raid in Agua Prieta, across the border from Douglas, Arizona.
    (AP, 11/1/11)

2011        Nov 8, In Arizona Russell Pearce, architect of Arizona's anti-illegal immigration bill SB1070, became the first sitting state senate president to be recalled.
    (http://tinyurl.com/c5ocmg5)(Econ, 11/5/11, p.43)
2011        Nov 8, Cartoonist Bil Keane (b.1922) died at his home in Arizona. His "Family Circus" comics entertained readers with a simple but sublime mix of humor and traditional family values for more than a half century.
    (AP, 11/9/11)

2011        Nov 21, Arizona police arrested Jerice Hunter, the mother of missing Jhessye Shockley (5), on child abuse charges "directly related" to the girl, and said they don't believe they'll find the child alive. Jhessye was last seen Oct. 11 after Hunter said she went out for an errand and left the girl in the care of three older siblings.
    (AP, 11/21/11)

2011        Nov 23, In Arizona 6 people on board a small twin-engine plane were killed when it crashed in a ball of fire in a remote area of the Superstition Mountains east of Phoenix.
    (Reuters, 11/23/11)

2011        Dec 23, A US federal judge barred high profile Arizona Sheriff Joe Arpaio from detaining people simply for being in the country illegally, in a ruling that faulted the local lawman for enforcing federal immigration law.
    (Reuters, 12/24/11)

2012        Jan 22, US Rep. Gabrielle Giffords of Arizona announced she intends to resign from Congress this week to concentrate on recovering from wounds suffered in an assassination attempt a little more than a year ago.
    (AP, 1/22/12)

2012        Feb 18, In Arizona Pinal County Sheriff Paul Babeu resigned as a volunteer co-chair of Republican presidential hopeful Mitt Romney's campaign in Arizona after he was accused of threatening a former male lover with deportation to Mexico if he talked about their relationship.
    (Reuters, 2/19/12)

2012        Feb 28, In the US Republican primaries Mit Romney, former governor of Massachusetts, won 41% to Rick Santorum's 38% in Michigan. Romney won Arizona with 48% to Santorum's 26%, with 76% of the vote counted.
    (SFC, 2/29/12, p.A6)

2012        Feb 29, Arizona executed inmate Robert Henry Moormann (63) for killing and dismembering his adoptive mother in 1984 while he was out of prison on furlough for another crime, despite a spate of last-minute appeals over his mental disabilities.
    (AP, 2/29/12)

2012        Apr 13, Arizona passed legislation that bans most abortions after 20 weeks.
    (SFC, 4/14/12, p.A5)

2012        Apr 20, In Arizona Isabel Mercedes Celis (6) was last seen in her bedroom in Tucson.
    (SFC, 4/28/12, p.A4)

2012        May 2, In Arizona 5 people were killed in shootings in a home in Gilbert. They included 16-month-old Lily Lynn Mederos, Amber Nieve Mederos (23), Lisa Lynn Mederos (47), Jim Franklin Hiott (24) and Jason Todd Ready (39), a former Marine with ties to neo-Nazi and Minutemen groups. Lisa Mederos was reported to have been Ready's girlfriend. It appeared that Ready, who was running for sheriff in Arizona's Pinal County, killed the others before turning the gun on himself.
    (AP, 5/3/12)(SFC, 5/4/12, p.A14)

2012        May 10, The US Justice Dept. sued Arizona Sheriff Joe Arpaio after months of negotiations failed to reach a settlement over allegations that his department racially profiled Latinos.
    (SFC, 5/11/12, p.A12)

2012        Jun 2, Arizona police said 5 bodies burned beyond recognition were found inside a charred SUV in a desert area known as a smuggling corridor for drugs and illegal immigrants. The SUV was registered to a family of 5, including 3 children, in Tempe.
    (SSFC, 6/3/12, p.A9)(SFC, 6/6/12, p.A5)

2012        Jun 28, In Arizona Michael Martin (53) collapsed and died in court after a jury convicted him of burning down his $3.5 million mansion. An autopsy report found that he had committed suicide by taking cyanide.
    (SFC, 6/29/12, p.A10)(SFC, 7/27/12, p.A6)

2012        Jul 12, The Mexican army found an incomplete tunnel in a Tijuana warehouse with more than 40 tons of marijuana at the entry. The passage extended nearly 400 yards, including more than 100 yards into the United States. It was the second, major incomplete tunnel discovered in the San Diego-Tijuana area in two days and the third along the US-Mexico border since July 9, when a completed passage was found in a vacant strip mall storefront in the southwestern Arizona city of San Luis.
    (AP, 7/13/12)

2012        Jul 29, In Arizona 7 people in a van died in a crash on I-10 near Phoenix after a semitrailer truck crossed the median and struck the van head on.
    (SFC, 7/30/12, p.A5)

2012        Aug 1, A US federal appeals court blocked an Arizona law that would set the nation’s tightest restrictions on midterm abortions banning them at 20 weeks except in medical emergencies.
    (SFC, 8/2/12, p.A6)

2012        Aug 7, In Arizona Jared Lee Loughner pleaded guilty to 19 of 49 charges related to the Jan 8, 2011, shootings that killed 6 people and wounded then Rep. Gabrielle Giffords and 12 others. The government agreed not to seek the death penalty in the plea deal.
    (SFC, 8/8/12, p.A4)

2012        Aug 15, A US federal government policy to stop deporting law-abiding undocumented immigrants under age 30 who arrived in the country before age 16 took effect. Arizona Republican Governor Jan Brewer issued an order barring illegal immigrants who qualify for temporary legal status in the United States from receiving any state or local public benefits, including driver’s licenses. The action was a response to relaxed deportation rules issued by the Obama administration.  On July 7, 2014, the Ninth US Circuit Court of Appeals said Arizona’s police is discriminatory and ordered the state to issue licenses.
    (SFC, 6/16/12, p.A1)(Reuters, 8/15/12)(SFC, 7/8/14, p.C4)

2012        Sep 5, A US federal judge ruled that Arizona authorities can enforce the most contentious section of the state's heavily debated immigration law, regarding a section of the statute that critics have dubbed the "show me your papers" provision.
    (AP, 9/5/12)

2012        Sep 18, An Arizona judge said the police can immediately start enforcing the “show me your papers" provision of the state’s controversial immigration law.
    (SFC, 9/19/12, p.A6)

2012        Sep 28, In Arizona Jodon F. Romero (33) fired at officers and a police helicopter at one point during a pursuit for carjacking. He died at the scene from a self-inflicted gunshot wound in an event that was broadcast live by Fox News, which later apologized for the live coverage of the suicide.
    (Reuters, 9/29/12)

2012        Oct 2, US Border Patrol Agent Nicholas Ivie was shot dead and another wounded while on patrol in a drug smuggling corridor in Arizona, near the border with Mexico. On Oct 5 the FBI said friendly fire was probably to blame in the shootings.
    (Reuters, 10/2/12)(AP, 10/4/12)(SFC, 10/6/12, p.A5)

2012        Oct 10, In Arizona US Border Patrol agents in Nogales opened fire on a group of people throwing rocks at agents from across the border. An autopsy showed  that Jose Antonio Elena Rodriguez (16) was shot at least eight times. In 2014 the mother of the teen sued the agency saying he was walking home with his girlfriend when he was hit in the back by 10 bullets. On Sep 23, 2015, agent Lonnie Schwartz was charged with second-degree murder.
    (SFC, 7/30/14, p.E3)(SFC, 9/25/15, p.A9)

2012        Nov 4, The California state Supreme Court issued an order to allow the state’s political watchdog to identify contributors to an Arizona group’s last minute infusion of $11 million to campaigns opposing Gov. Brown’s tax initiative and supporting an antiunion measure on the Nov 6 ballot.The Arizona group declined and said it would appeal to the US Supreme Court.
    (SFC, 11/5/12, p.C1)

2012        Dec 27, Mexican authorities discovered a sophisticated smuggling tunnel, as long as a football field, equipped with electricity and ventilation not far from the Nogales port of entry into Arizona.
    (AP, 12/28/12)

2013        Jan 1, Ten states kicked off the new year with a minimum wage rise of between 10 and 35 cents. The rises went into effect in Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Missouri, Montana, Ohio, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont and Washington.
    (Reuters, 1/1/13)

2013        Jan 19, Rick Champagne, an Arizona man with a special fondness for caped crusader Batman and his sidekick Robin, bought the original Batmobile driven in the iconic television series with a bid of $4.2 million at an auction.
    (Reuters, 1/19/13)

2013        Mar 27, Eric Harroun of Phoenix, Az., was arrested at Dulles Int’l. Airport upon returning to the US from Turkey, where he had described to FBI agents his journey to the front lines of Syria's civil war with fighters from the al-Nusra Front, a designated terrorist organization also referred to as al Qaeda in Iraq. Harroun served in the US Army from 2000 to 2003.
    (AP, 3/29/13)

2013        Apr 2, In Arizona the Bisbee City Council approved an ordinance recognizing civil unions for same-sex couples. State Attorney General Tom Horne said the next day that he would go to court to block the artist’s community’s ordinance.
    (SFC, 4/4/13, p.A6)

2013        May 8, In Arizona a jury found Jodi Arias (32) guilty of first-degree murder in the 2008 killing of her onetime boyfriend, Travis Alexander.
    (SFC, 5/9/13, p.A8)

2013        May 21, A US federal appeals court struck down Arizona’s ban on abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
    (SFC, 5/22/13, p.A7)

2013        May 24, A US federal judge said Arizona lawman Joe Arpaio violated the constitutional rights of Latino drivers in his crackdown on illegal immigration, and ordered him to stop using race as a factor in law enforcement decisions.
    (Reuters, 5/24/13)

2013        May 31, In Arizona two small planes collided near Phoenix killing all four people aboard.
    (SFC, 6/1/13, p.A7)

2013        Jun 17, The US Supreme Court ruled that states can't demand proof of citizenship from people registering to vote in federal elections unless they get federal or court approval to do so. The decision complicated efforts in Arizona and other states to bar voting by people who are in the country illegally.
    (AP, 6/17/13)

2013        Jun 30, In Arizona 19 firefighters of an elite crew fighting a forest fire northwest of Phoenix were overtaken and killed by a fast-moving blaze stoked by hot winds. The Yarnell Hill Fire also destroyed some 200 homes. On Dec 4 a state commission approved a nearly $650,000 fine against the state Forestry Division after investigators found that officials had put protection of property ahead of safety.
    (AP, 7/1/13)(SFC, 12/5/13, p.A8)

2013        Jul 22, American TV and film actor Dennis Farina (69) died in Scottsdale, Arizona. His films included “Manhunter" (1986), “"Midnight Run" (1988), “Saving Private Ryan" (1998), “Out of Sight" (1998) and “Get Shorty" (1995). From 2004-2006 he played Detective Joe Fontana on the TV show “Law & Order."
    (SFC, 7/23/13, p.C3)

2013        Oct 9, In the US 2 men were executed, one in Arizona and the other in Texas, with a drug not yet approved by federal authorities, after the Supreme Court denied one of the inmate's final appeal.
    (AFP, 10/9/13)

2013        Oct 21, US authorites said nearly two dozen current and former members of Arizona’s Air National Guard have been indicted on charges including theft and money laundering in a $1.4 million scam to defraud the federal government. The 8 officers and 13 enlisted men and women had been resposible for remotely operating drones to support troops in Afghanistan and Iraq.
    (SFC, 10/22/13, p.A6)

2013        Oct 24, California state investigators announced a record $1 million fine against two Arizona nonprofits, the Center to Protect Patient’s Rights and Americans for Responsible Leadership, for attempting to secretly sway California voters in 2012 in support of Prop 32 and in opposition to prop 30.
    (SFC, 10/25/13, p.A1)

2013        Oct 26, In Arizona 5 people and 2 dogs were found shot to death at a Phoenix apartment complex in what appeared to be a murder-homicide. Michael Guzzo (56) killed himself after shooting four members of a family that lived next door.
    (SSFC, 10/27/13, p.A8)(SFC, 10/28/13, p.A4)

2013        Nov 14, Google Inc and private equity firm KKR & Co LP said they are investing $400 million in six solar power plants in California and Arizona.
    (Reuters, 11/14/13)

2013        Nov 20, Serafin Zambada (23), the son of one of the world's most-wanted drug lords, was arrested at an Arizona border crossing to face drug-trafficking charges in the United States.
    (AP, 11/22/13)

2013        Nov 24, US media reported that a major winter storm that has dumped freezing rain and snow in the US southwest has killed at least 13 people in Arizona (1), California (3), Oklahoma (4), New Mexico (1) and Texas (4).
    (AFP, 11/245/13)

2013        Dec 25, In Arizona police found Aniarael Macias (13) dead at the home of Connie Villa (35) in Casa Grande. Villa had tried to poison her three other children and had just stabbed her ex-husband who called 911 as he drove to a hospital. Connie Villa was arrested on Dec 29 after being released from a hospital.
    (SFC, 12/31/13, p.A5)

2013        Dec 28, Arizona police in Phoenix shot and killed Mario Edward Garnett (40) following an attempted bank robbery. He is believed to be the same man accused in the Dec 23 killing of a police officer in Tupelo, Miss.
    (SFC, 12/30/13, p.A6)

2014        Jan 13, The US Supreme Court declined to review an appeals court ruling that said an Arizona law banning abortions starting at 20 weeks of gestation is unconstitutional, meaning the restrictive state law is struck down.
    (Reuters, 1/13/14)

2014        Jan 17, The US Election Assistance Comission denied requests from Arizona, Georgia and Kansas to modify the federal registration form for their residents. It said heightened proof-of-citizenship requirements would likely hinder eligible citizens from voting in federal elections.
    (SSFC, 1/19/14, p.A8)

2014        Jan 25, Arizona’s Republican Party censured Sen. John McCain (77) citing his voting record as too liberal.
    (SFC, 1/29/14, p.A7)

2014        Feb 26, Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer vetoed a bill designed to give added protection from lawsuits to people who assert their religious beliefs in refusing service to gays.
    (SFC, 2/27/14, p.A10)

2014        Mar 31, Charles Keating (b.1923), moral crusader and former Arizona land developer, died in Phoenix. He had bilked some 23,000 investors out of their savings in Lincoln Savings, a savings and loan association based in Irvine, Ca., that went bust in 1989.
    (Econ, 4/12/14, p.94)

2014        Apr 2, A federal appeals court granted a temporary stay on Arizona’s new restrictions on the use of abortion drugs, which had gone into effect a day earlier.
    (SFC, 4/3/14, p.A8)

2014        Apr 10, The US Justice Dept. said institutional reform, centered on training and tools for officers, is needed for officers in Albuquerque, New Mexico, to curb patterns of excessive force.
    (SFC, 4/11/14, p.A8)
2014        May 10, In northern Arizona a small plane carrying French tourists crashed while landing in windy conditions, killing one person and leaving another hospitalized.
    (AP, 5/11/14)

2014        May 20, In Arizona the human-caused Slide Fire began around Oak Creek Canyon between Sedona and Flagstaff. By May 26 it covered 25 square miles.
    (SFC, 5/23/14, p.A8)(SFC, 5/27/14, p.A6)

2014        May 28, A US Veteran’s Affairs watchdog reported systemic problems at the Phoenix VA Hospital with waiting time for care for a first appointment averaging 115-days.
    (SFC, 5/29/14, p.A7)

2014        Jun 7, Arizona officials said the US government has asked them to rush medical supplies to a makeshift holding center housing hundreds of migrant children who were sent to the state after crossing into the US from Mexico alone. Jimena Díaz, consul general of Guatemala in Phoenix, visited the center a day earlier and said about 250 children are from Guatemala, with the rest coming from El Salvador and Honduras.
    (AP, 6/7/14)

2014        Jun 11, In Arizona Rev. Kenneth Walker (28) was shot and killed during a burglary at the Mother of Mercy Mission in Phoenix. Rev. Joseph Terra was injured. On June 16 Gary Michael Moran (54), a homeless ex-convict, was arrested on suspicion of murder.
    (SFC, 6/13/14, p.A7)(SFC, 6/17/14, p.A12)

2014        Jul 23, In Arizona convicted killer Joseph Wood gasped and snorted during the 117 minutes it took him to die after he was injected with a relatively untested combination of the sedative midazolam and painkiller hydromorphone. He had been sentenced to death for killing his girlfriend and her father.
    (AFP, 7/24/14)(SFC, 7/24/14, p.A6)

2014        Aug 14, In Arizona Michelle Cusseaux (50), was slain by a single bullet in the threshold of her Phoenix apartment after threatening officers with a claw hammer. Officers were serving an emergency court order to take her to a mental health care facility.
    (Reuters, 8/23/14)

2014        Aug 15, Phoenix-based Elio said it plans to start making the cars next fall at a former GM plant in Shreveport, Louisiana. Already, more than 27,000 people have reserved one. The new commuter car has two seats, three wheels, gets 84 miles highway to the gallon and will cost $6,800.
    (AP, 8/15/14)

2014        Aug 25,  In Arizona firing-range instructor Charles Vacca (39) was shot and killed in the recoil of an Uzi fired by a girl (9) at the Last Stop range in White Hills.
    (SFC, 8/28/14, p.A7)

2014        Sep 8, Torrential rains drenched much of the US Southwest, prompting flash-flood warnings across four states and taking the lives of two women washed away in separate incidents in Arizona.
    (Reuters, 9/8/14)

2014        Sep 26, In Arizona the Navajo Nation held a signing ceremony for a $554 milion settlement of a 2006 lawsuit over federal government mismanagement of tribal resources.
    (SFC, 9/26/14, p.A6)

2014        Oct 7, A US federal appeals court in San Francisco struck down Nevada and Idaho’s bans on same-sex marriage. The ruling also applies to all nine states in the court’s territory and will overturn marriage bans in Montana, Alaska and Arizona.
    (SFC, 10/8/14, p.A6)

2014        Nov 7, A US federal judge struck down Arizona's 2005 immigrant smuggling law on the grounds that it's trumped by federal statutes.
    (AP, 11/8/14)

2014        Dec 17, Arizona’s sheriff’s office anounced a decision to disband its criminal employment squad. Sheriff Joe Arpaio used the squad to target immigrants usng fake or stolen IDs to get jobs. The decision was made after courts shelved certain state immigration laws.
    (SFC, 12/19/14, p.A14)

2014        Dec 18, A US judge cleared the way for thousands of young immigrants in Arizona to get driver’s licenses.
    (SFC, 12/19/14, p.A9)

2014        Dec 27, In Arizona police officer Tyler J. Stewart (24) died in Flagstaff after he was shot multiple times by Robert W. Smith (28), a domestic violence suspect. Smith walked away and fatally shot himself.
    (SFC, 12/29/14, p.A7)

2014        Dec 31, In Arizona a helicopter leased by the Cochise County sheriff’s department crashed and killed two civilians as it returned from a trip to Phoenix for routine maintenance.
    (SFC, 1/2/15, p.A5)

2014        US authorities recovered the remains of 129 people who tried to cross the southern Arizona border this year. This was the lowest number since 2001.
    (SFC, 6/12/15, p.A7)

2015        Jan 15, Arizona Gov. Doug Ducey signed a law requiring students to pass a US citizenship test in order to get a high school diploma. This was the nation’s first such requirement.
    (SFC, 1/17/15, p.A6)

2015        Feb 1, The New England Patriots ended a decade drought without an NFL title by beating the defending champion Seattle Seahawks 28-24 in a taut Super Bowl XLIX classic played in Glendale, Arizona.
    (AP, 2/2/15)

2015        Mar 5, A US jury in Arizona failed again to agree on whether to sentence Jodi Arias (34) to death for the grisly killing of her boyfriend in 2008, effectively sparing her the death penalty. On April 14 Arias was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of release.
    (AFP, 3/5/15)(SFC, 4/14/15, p.A7)

2015        Mar 18, In Arizona a gunman killed one person and wounded five others in rampage in Mesa. Police soon arrested ex-con Ryan Giroux (41), who has already served three stints in state prison since 1994. 
    (SFC, 3/19/15, p.A12)

2015        Mar 22, US Customs and Border Protection officers arrested a 16-year-old Arizona girl and two women in their 20s who were with her when she allegedly tried to smuggle 185 pounds of marijuana into the United States from Mexico through a checkpoint at the Port of Lukeville.
    (Reuters, 3/23/15)7

2015        Mar 23, A late night brawl in an Arizona Wal-Mart parking lot left one person dead and two others wounded, including a police officer who was shot in the leg. Seven suspects were eventually arrested.
    (AP, 3/23/15)(Reuters, 3/23/15)
2015        Mar 23, In Arizona Debra Milke (51), who spent more than two decades on death row in her 4-year-old son's killing saw her murder charge dismissed. James Styers and Roger Scott, the two men who led her son to his death, have been on death row and have refused to testify against Milke. Her conviction had been based entirely on a confession she gave to now-discredited detective, Armando Saldate.
    (AP, 3/24/15)

2015        Apr 1, On Wall Street GoDaddy, a provider of Internet domain name registration and hosting services, closed at $26.15 in an IPO that opened at $20 per share. The Arizona-based company was founded in 1997 by Bob Parsons.
    (SFC, 4/2/15, p.C1)

2015        Apr 10, Raul Hector Castro (98), former US ambassador and Arizona governor (1975-1977), died in San Diego.
    (SFC, 4/11/15, p.A6)

2015        May 2, Writer Michael Blake (69) died in Tucson, Az. His novel "Dances With Wolves" became a major hit movie and earned him an Academy Award for the screenplay.
    (AP, 5/4/15)

2015        May 12, In Arizona 5 men and women were found shot dead in a Tucson home. Christopher Carillo (25) killed 4 of his family members before fatally shooting himself.
    (Reuters, 5/13/15)(SFC, 5/14/15, p.A6)

2015        Jun 17, It was reported that US border officers in Arizona have seized more than 3,240 pounds of methamphetamines between October and May, compared with 3,200 pounds of all of 2014.
    (SFC, 6/17/15, p.A5)

2015        Jun 23, In southern Arizona Iraqi Brig. Gen. Rasid Mohammed Sadeeq was killed in an F-16 Fighting Falcon crash during a training mission.
    (AP, 6/26/15)

2015        Jul 3, In Arizona a new law made it possible for anyone to order a laboratory test with no need to see a doctor. Theranos, a company based in Palo Alto, Ca., had lobbied for the legal change.
    (Econ, 6/27/15, p.51)

2015        Aug 28, In Arizona a string of shootings began on Phoenix-area highways. By September 10 at least 11 vehicles were struck by bullets or projectiles. On Sep 18 suspect Leslie Allen Merritt Jr. (21) was arrested. Merritt said the gun has been in a pawn shop for the last two months.
    (SFC, 9/11/15, p.A11)(SFC, 9/18/15, p.A5)(SSFC, 9/20/15, p.A9)

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