Timeline Arkansas

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Arkansas stands 27th among the states, with an area of 53,187 square miles.

Arkansas Facts: www.arkansas.com/things-to-do/history-heritage/facts.aspx

1722        Legend has it that the Arkansas “Little Rock" rock was first discovered at this time by the French explorer Jean Baptiste Benard de La Harpe. It was the first outcropping of any size on an 118-mile stretch of the Arkansas River.
    (http://online.wsj.com/article/SB123309302911621329.html)

1819        Mar 2, Territory of Arkansas was organized. [see Jul 4]
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1819         Jul 4, The Territory of Arkansas was created. [see Mar 2]
    (IB, Internet, 12/7/98)

1828        May 6, The Cherokee Indians were forced to sign a treaty giving up their Arkansas Reservation for a new home in what later became Oklahoma. This led to a split in the tribe as one group moved to Oklahoma and others stayed behind and became known as the Lost Cherokees.
    (http://digital.library.okstate.edu/KAPPLER/Vol2/treaties/che0288.htm)(Econ, 3/11/06, p.28)

1832        Congress set aside the thermal springs at Hot Springs, Ark., as a federal reservation.
    (USAT, 2/4/04, p.9A)

1833        Aug 7, Powell Clayton, Brig. General (Union volunteers), (Gov-R-Ark), was born in Pa.
    (MC, 8/7/02)(Internet)

1836        Jun 15, Arkansas was admitted into the Union as the 25th state.
    (AP, 6/15/97)(HN, 6/15/98)

1840        A US no-bail-out policy forced some state into default. Several US states had loaded up on unsustainable debt following an extended period of easy credit. These states consequently found payments on their existing bonds increasingly unaffordable. Between 1841 and 1843 Arkansas (1841), Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Pennsylvania and one territory – a proto-state called Florida – defaulted.
    (Econ, 2/11/12, p.57)(http://tinyurl.com/6pgf4wq)

1841        The state of Arkansas, facing financial difficulties, stopped paying interest on a $500,000 investment that was dedicated to finance the Smithsonian Institute. Under pressure from congressman J.Q. Adams, Congress repealed the bill that authorized the Smithson bequest in state bonds and ordered the US Treasury to take over interest payments. The principal was lost, but the interest was enough to endow the institute. From 1841-1842 8 states and the territory of Florida defaulted. This led states to set up strong constitutional barriers to debt accumulation.
    (ON, 2/06, p.6)(Econ, 6/19/10, p.31)

1855        Nov 21, Franklin Colman, a pro-slavery Missourian, gunned down Charles Dow, a Free Stater from Ohio, near Lawrence, Kansas.
    (HN, 11/21/99)

1857        Sep 11, The Mountain Meadows Massacre of the Fancher emigrant wagon train in Utah Territory was carried out by Mormons fearful of an impending invasion by the US Army. Church patriarch and adopted son of Brigham Young, John Doyle Lee, offered safe passage to the nearly 150 men, women and children on the Fancher train from Arkansas crossing Mormon Utah bound for California, if they left their weapons, livestock and wagons behind-ostensibly to appease hostile Indians. All but the youngest children were slaughtered. Lee, who first blamed the massacre on Paiute Indians, was excommunicated in 1870 and tried, convicted and executed in 1877 for his role in the killings. 120 settlers were killed; 17 children, all under 7, were spared. In 2002 Will Bagley authored “Blood of the Prophets: Brigham Young and the Massacre at Mountain Meadows." In 2011 the site was dedicated as a national historic landmark.
    (SFC, 10/23/02, p.H4)(AP, 9/11/07)(SFC, 9/12/11, p.A4)

1859        Feb 28, Arkansas legislature required free blacks to choose exile or slavery.
    (MC, 2/28/02)

1861        Feb 12, State troops seized US munitions in Napoleon, Ak.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1861        Apr 23, Arkansas troops seized Fort Smith.
    (AP, 4/23/98)

1861        May 6, Arkansas became the ninth state to secede from the Union.
    (HN, 5/6/98)

1862        Mar 6, Battle of Pea Ridge, AR (Elkhorn Tavern). [see Mar 7]
    (MC, 3/6/02)

1862        Mar 7, Confederate forces surprised the Union army at the Battle of Pea Ridge, in Arkansas, but the Union was victorious. [see Mar 6,8]
    (HN, 3/7/99)

1862        Mar 8, On the second day of the Battle of Pea Ridge (Elkhorn Tavern) in Arkansas, Confederate forces, including some Indian troops, under General Earl Van Dorn surprised Union troops, but the Union troops won the battle. Pea Ridge Natl. Military Park, Arkansas, marked the site where Confederate commanders, Gen. Ben McCulloch and Gen. James McIntosh, were killed.
    (Postcard,  Coastal Photo Scenics, SW Harbor, Maine)(HN, 3/8/98)(HN, 3/8/99)

1862        Jul 12, Federal troops occupied Helena, Arkansas.
    (MC, 7/12/02)

1862        Oct 22, Union troops pushed 5,000 confederates out of Maysbille, Ark., at the Second Battle of Pea Ridge.
    (HN, 10/22/98)

1862        Nov 28, The Battle at Cane Hill, Arkansas, left 475 casualties. In late November, Maj. Gen. Thomas C. Hindman detached Brig. Gen. John Marmaduke's cavalry from Van Buren north to occupy the Cane Hill area. Hearing of this movement, Brig. Gen. James Blunt advanced to meet Marmaduke's command and destroy it, if possible. The Union vanguard encountered Col. Joe Shelby's brigade, which fought a delaying action to protect their supply trains. Shelby gradually gave ground until establishing a strong defensive perimeter on Cove Creek where he repulsed a determined attack. The Federals withdrew to Cane Hill, while the Confederates returned to Van Buren.
    (http://www2.cr.nps.gov/abpp/battles/ar004.htm)

1862        Dec 7, Confederate forces surprise an equal number of Union troops at the Battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas.
    (HN, 12/7/99)

1863        Jan 11, Union forces captured Arkansas Post, or Ft. Hindman, Arkansas.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1863        Jul 4, Failed Confederate assault on Helena Arkansas left 640 casualties.
    (Maggio, 98)

1863        Aug 1, Battle of Little Rock, AK, and start of the Chattanooga campaign.
    (MC, 8/1/02)

1863        Sep 27, Jo Shelby's cavalry in action at Moffat's Station, Arkansas.
    (MC, 9/27/01)

1864               Jan 8, David O. Dodd (17), an Arkansas teenage spy, was hanged by Union forces the grounds of his former school. He reportedly chose to hang rather than betray the Confederate cause.
    (AP, 10/14/12)

1864        Mar 23, Encounter at Camden, AR.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1864        Mar 29, Union General Steele's troops reached Arkadelphia,  Arkansas.
    (MC, 3/29/02)

1864        Mar 30, Skirmish at Mount Elba, Arkansas.
    (MC, 3/30/02)

1864        Apr 2, Skirmish at Spoonville-Antoine, Arkansas.
    (MC, 4/2/02)

1864        Apr 15, General Steele's Union troops occupied Camden, Arkansas.
    (MC, 4/15/02)

1864        Apr 25, Battle of Marks' Mill, Arkansas.
    (HN, 4/25/98)

1864        Oct 25, Skirmishes took place at Mine Creek, Ka., and Turkeytown, Al.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1864        The Confederate War Dept. organized the Indian tribes of eastern Oklahoma and western Arkansas into the Indian Division. Cherokee Gen’l. Stand Watie commanded the Cherokee Mounted Rifles.
    (WSJ, 6/9/97, p.A19)

1866        Apr 2, Pres. ended war in Ala, Ark, Fla, Ga, Miss, La, NC, SC, Ten & Va.
    (MC, 4/2/02)

1868        Jun 22, Arkansas was re-admitted to the Union.
    (AP, 6/22/97)

1869        Mar 13, Arkansas legislature passed anti-Klan law.
    (MC, 3/13/02)

1872        Little Rock, Arkansas, blasted huge chunks of its namesake rock to make room for a railway bridge. In 2009 the city launched a $650,000 project to excavate the remains of the neglected “Little Rock," estimated to be 300 million years old.
    (WSJ, 1/28/09, p.A1)

1873        Hope, Arkansas, was founded to accommodate the newly emerging Cairo & Fulton Railroad. It was named after Hope Loughborough, the daughter of one of the executives. Later Pres. Bill Clinton spent 4 childhood years at 117 South Hervey St. with his grandparents Eldridge and Edith Cassidy.
    (SFC, 3/13/99, p.A3)

1874        Arkansas passed a constitution that included a ban on gambling. In 2008 Arkansas voters approved a state lottery by a 63% margin.
    (Econ, 11/22/08, p.45)

1879        By this time a judge spread the claim that Dr. Jackson’s Eye Water had cured his crippling “red skin" disease. Dr. Alvah Jackson of Eureka Springs, Ark., had bottled water from the local Basin Spring as a elixir following claims that it had cured his son’s granulated eyelids.
    (SSFC, 9/16/07, p.G5)

1887        Jan 11, At Fort Smith, Ark., hang man deluxe George Maledon dispatched four more victims in a multiple hanging.
    (HN, 1/11/99)

1887        Nov 27, U.S. Deputy Marshall Frank Dalton, brother of the three famous outlaws, was killed in the line of duty near Fort Smith, Ark.
    (HN, 11/27/98)

1905        Feb 15, The 1st race meet at Oaklawn Park in Hot Springs, Ark. was run.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1908        Nov 13, Comer Van Woodward (d.1999), later renowned historian and author, was born in Vanndale.
    (SFEC, 12/19/99, p.C14)

1909        Mar 8, An F4 tornado hit Brinkley, Arkansas, killing 49 people. It was but one of 7 to touch down on the state this day.
    (SSFC, 3/8/09, p.C10)

1913        Mar 13, Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures.
    (MC, 3/13/02)

1913        Paul Pfeiffer moved his family from St. Louis to a house on Cherry St. in Piggott, Ark. Pfeiffer was a part owner of a chemical company and had purchased 63,000 acres of farmland around Piggott.
    (SFC, 7/28/00, p.C12)

1914        Sep 2, William T. Dillard (d.2002), founder of Dillard’s department store chain, was born in Mineral Springs.
    (SFC, 2/11/02, p.B5)

1919        Jan 19, John H. Johnson (d.2005), editor and publisher of Ebony and Jet magazines, was born Arkansas.
    (HN, 1/19/99)(SFC, 8/8/05, p.B4)

1919        Oct 1, Black sharecroppers gathered at Elaine, Arkansas, to secure a more equitable price for their products. When a white deputy sheriff and a railroad detective, arrived at the church, a fight broke out between them and the guards in which the railroad detective was killed and the deputy sheriff was wounded. This led to 3 days of fighting and the killing of 5 white men and close to 200 black men, women and children. The Arkansas state court later sentenced 12 sharecroppers to death and a 5-year legal battle ensued. In 2008 Robert Whitaker authored “"On the Laps of Gods: The Red Summer of 1919 and the Struggle for Justice That Remade a Nation."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elaine_Race_Riot)(SSFC, 7/27/08, Books p.1)

1920s        Wildcatters discovered oil in Arkansas and Smackover became the center of the short-lived boom. Rev. T.O. Rorie, a visiting Methodist preacher, wrote about Smackover in his book "Hellhole of the World." Bromine later replaced oil as the area's cash resource.
    (WSJ, 2/14/00, p.A1)

1927        May 24, The final levee breach of the 1927 flood occurred at McCrea, Louisiana, on the east bank of the Atchafalaya levee. The flood along the Mississippi killed some 500 people and displaced thousands. The levee system broke in 145 places and caused 27,000 square miles of flooding in Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi and Tennessee. In 1997 the book "Rising Tide" by John M. Barry described the catastrophe. It was also the subject of the Randy Newman song "Louisiana 1927."
    (www.rms.com/publications/1927_MississippiFlood.pdf)(WSJ, 2/6/97, p.A12)(SFC, 11/28/03, p.C7)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A7)(WSJ, 11/2/05, p.A2)(Econ, 5/21/11, p.30)

1927        Ernest Hemingway married Pauline Pfeiffer, his 2nd wife of 4. They lived together in Paris and Key West until 1940, and often visited Piggott, Ark.
    (SFC, 7/28/00, p.C12)

1929        Nov 15, Edward Asner, actor (Mary Tyler Moore Show, Lou Grant), was born in KC, Kansas.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1930        Paul Pfeiffer founded the Piggott State Bank.
    (SFC, 7/28/00, p.C12)

1931         Jan 3, Hundreds of farmers stormed a small town in depression-plagued Arkansas demanding food.
    (HN, 1/3/99)

1932        Jan 12, Mrs. Hattie W. Caraway (Ophelia Wyatt Caraway) a Democrat from Arkansas, became the first woman elected to the  US Senate.
    (AP, 1/12/98)

1932        Feb 26, Johnny Cash (d.2003) country singer (I Walk The Line, Folsom Prison Blues, Boy Named Sue), was born in Kingsland, Arkansas.
    (NW, 9/22/03, p.98)

1933        The state of Arkansas defaulted on its debt.
    (Econ, 6/19/10, p.31)

1936        Apr 22, Glen Campbell, American country music singer (By the Time I get to Phoenix, Galveston), was born in Arkansas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glen_Campbell)

1936        May 17, Dennis Hopper, actor (True Grit, Blue Velvet, Easy Rider), was born in Kansas.
    (MC, 5/17/02)

1939        Aug 17, Luther Allison, guitarist (Bad News is Coming), was born in Arkansas.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1941        L.C. Bates his wife Daisy founded the Arkansas State Press and turned the weekly newspaper into a leading voice for civil rights in Little Rock. The paper shut down in 1959 when advertisers pulled out under pressure from segregationists.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.D7)

1943        Sam Walton (d.1992) married Helen Robson.
    (SFEC, 9/3/00, Par p.4)

1944        Feb 15, Nathan Gordon (1916-2008), US Navy pilot from Arkansas, and his crew made 4 separate flying boat landings to rescue a number of aviators from B-52 bombers, which had been shot down while attacking Japanese positions near Kavieng harbor on New Ireland Island, Papua New Guinea. Gordon later became the longest-serving lieutenant governor of Arkansas.
    (SFC, 9/15/08, p.B8)

1945        Sam Walton opened his first variety store in Newport, Arkansas, with a $20,000 loan from his wife’s father. [see 1950]
    (SFEC, 9/3/00, Par p.4)

1946        Aug 19, Bill Clinton, US President from 1992-2000, was born as William J. Blythe III in Hope, Arkansas. He was the son of Virginia Cassidy Blythe and William Jefferson Blythe II. Clinton’s father was killed in a traffic accident prior to his birth. His mother married Roger Clinton when Bill was 4 years old.
    (SFC, 7/14/96, Par p.23)(SFEC, 3/9/96, Z1 p.5)(WUD, 1994 p.1698)(HNQ, 1/1/02)

1948        Aug 24, Edith Mae Irby became the University of Arkansas' first African-American student.
    (HN, 8/24/98)

1949        Georgia O’Keeffe gave an art collection, that included the work of her late husband, Alfred Steiglitz, to Fisk Univ. in Tennessee. In 2012 a judge approved a deal for Fisk to sell a 50% stake to the Crystal Bridges Museum of Art in Arkansas created by Walmart heiress Alice Walton.
    (SFC, 11/9/13, p.A10)

1950        Sam Walton in Bentonville, Ark., hit on the idea of a large retail store in rural areas stocked with the lowest-priced goods available and founded Wal-Mart. In 1962 he started his Wal-Mart discount chain. [see 1945]
    (WSJ, 11/18/98, p.A20)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)

1953        Feb 8, Mary Steenburgen, actress (Parenthood, Time After Time), was born in Newport, Ark.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1954        Aug 23, The small community of Charleston, Arkansas, became the first in the South to end segregation in its schools. This was in response to the May 17 US Supreme Court ruling on Brown vs. Board of Education.
    (Econ, 9/22/07, p.44)(http://ideas.aetn.org/productions/virtualtours/lrcentral/10)

1955        Orval Faubus (1910-1994) began serving as the 34th governor of Arkansas. He served 6 consecutive terms and left office in 1967.
    (www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=102)

1957        Sep 2, Arkansas Gov. Orval Faubus called out the National Guard to prevent nine black students from entering Central High School in Little Rock. Pres. Eisenhower soon responded with Federal troops to enforce federal law for integration. The nine students, mentored by Daisy Gatson (d.1999 at 84) went on to lead very productive lives as detailed in a 1997 retrospective.
    (www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=89)(SFC, 4/28/00, p.A11)

1957        Sep 14, Pres. Eisenhower met with Arkansas Gov. Faubus in Rhode Island. Faubus agreed to cooperate with the president’s decisions regarding the high schools of Little Rock.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2vggdj)

1957        Sep 23, Nine black students who had entered Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas were forced to withdraw because of a white mob outside. Pres. Eisenhower signed Executive Order 10730 to send Federal troops to maintain order and peace while the integration of Central High School in Little Rock, AR, took place.
    (AP, 9/23/97)(www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=89)

1957        Sep 24, President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent federal troops into Little Rock, Arkansas, to protect nine black students entering its newly integrated high school.
    (HN, 9/24/98)

1957        Sep 25, With 300 members of the U.S. Army's 101st Airborne Division standing guard, nine black children forced to withdraw from Central High School in Little Rock, Ark., because of unruly white crowds, were escorted to class. Vice principle Elizabeth Huckaby (d.1999 at 93) escorted the children and in 1980 published "Crisis at Central High."
    (SFC, 3/26/99, p.D5)(AP, 9/25/07)

1957        Oct, Pres. Eisenhower federalized the Arkansas National Guard and ordered them to return to their armories, which effectively removed them from the control of Gov. Faubus.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orval_Faubus)

1957        Nov 27, Army withdrew from Little Rock, Ark., after Central HS integration.
    (MC, 11/27/01)

1958        May 27, Ernest Green and 600 whites graduated from Little Rock's Central High School. Green became the first black Central High graduate.
    (http://tinyurl.com/qyjp4)(www.centralhigh57.org/1957-58.htm)

1958        May 29, Annette Bening, actress (American Beauty, Grifters, Bugsy, Valmont), was born in Topeka, KS.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1958        Jun 21, A federal judge allowed Little Rock Arkansas to delay school integration.
    (HN, 6/21/98)

1958        Aug 27, The Arkansas Legislature voted 94-1 to pass a law allowing Gov. Orval E. Faubus to close public schools in the face of forced integration. Ray S. Smith (1924-2007) was the only dissenting legislator.
    (SFC, 11/13/07, p.D9)

1957        Sep 4, Arkansas National guardsmen turned away Black students from Central High School in Little Rock. 9 students made it into the school on September 24 under the protection of federal troops sent by Pres. Eisenhower. In 2007 Elizabeth Jacoway authored “Turn Away Thy Son: Little Rock, the Crises That Shocked the Nation."
    (AH, 10/07, p.61)

1958        Sep 12, The US Supreme Court, in Cooper v. Aaron, unanimously ruled that Arkansas officials who were resisting public school desegregation orders could not disregard the high court's rulings.
    (AP, 9/12/08)

1957        Sep 24, President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent federal troops into Little Rock, Arkansas, to protect nine black students entering its newly integrated high school.
    (HN, 9/24/98)

1958        Sep, Orval Faubus (1910-1994), governor of Arkansas, shut Little Rock’s schools to prevent any more black children from attending white schools.
    (Econ, 9/22/07, p.44)(www.africanamericans.com/LittleRock.htm)

1959        Jun 18, A Federal Court annulled the Arkansas law allowing school closings to prevent integration.
    (HN, 6/18/98)

1961        Jul 28, Scott E. Parazynski, MD, astronaut, was born in Little Rock, Ark.
    (SC, 7/28/02)

1962        Daisy Bates (d.1999 at 87) authored "The Long Shadow of Little Rock." It was about the 1956 desegregation of the Little Rock bus system and the 1957 integration of Central High.
    (SFC, 11/5/99, p.D7)

1962        Sam Walton of Bentonville, Ark., founder of Wal-Mart (1950), started his Wal-Mart discount chain. It became America's biggest retailer in 1990. In 2004 Liza Featherstone authored “Selling Women Short: The Landmark Battle for Workers’ Rights at Wal-Mart." In 2006 Charles Fishman authored “The Wal-Mart Effect: How the World’s Most Powerful Company Really Works – And How It’s Transforming the American Economy" and Anthony Bianco authored “The Bully of Bentonville: How the High Cost of Wal-Mart’s Everyday Low Prices is Hurting America."
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)(Econ, 9/11/04, p.62)(Econ, 2/25/06, p.80, 85)

1968        May 15, A tornado at Jonesboro, Arkansas, killed 34 people. Another near Anchorage, Alaska, killed one person.
    (SFC, 5/15/09, p.D8)

1968        Nov 12, The US Supreme Court in Epperson v. Arkansas voided an Arkansas law banning the teaching of evolution in public schools.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epperson_v._Arkansas)

1970        Oct 2, A plane carrying the Wichita State U football team crashed killing 30.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1971        Jun 18, Fred Smith (b.1944) founded Federal Express Corporation, an overnight air freight delivery service, in Little Rock, Arkansas. It was based on a hub and spoke business plan he cooked up at Yale. In 1973 he moved the operation to Memphis, Tennessee.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6mvfvy)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.70)

1973        Feb 22, Winthrop Rockefeller (b.1912), two-year term Arkansas Governor (1967-1971), died of cancer. He was the 4th son of John D. Rockefeller.
    (http://archive.rockefeller.edu/bio/winthrop.php)

1974        Bill Clinton in an Arkansas congressional race lost his 1st bid for elective office to John Paul Hammerschmidt, a GOP incumbent.
    (SFC, 5/23/03, p.A26)

1975        Oct 11, Bill Clinton married Hillary Rodham in Fayetteville.
    (SFEC, 3/28/99, Par p.4)

1976        Apr 15, Gerald L.K. Smith (b.1898), a leader of the “Share Our Wealth" movement and founder of the America First Party (1943), died in Arkansas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerald_L._K._Smith)

1977        Arkansas passed an anti-sodomy law. A judge threw it out in 2001.
    (SFC, 3/24/01, p.C1)

1978        Apr 25, William Clinton (31), attorney general of Arkansas and candidate for governor, sexually assaulted Juanita Broderick at the Camelot Inn in Little Rock. Broderick made the story public in 1999.
    (SFC, 2/19/99, p.A1,10)

1978        Jun 18, The Whitewater business venture was incorporated. Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton and his wife Hillary set up their 50-50 Whitewater venture with Mr. & Mrs. McDougal. The Clintons lost money in the real estate deal that later turned into the Whitewater scandal.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whitewater_(controversy))(WSJ, 8/19/96, p.A12)(SFC, 6/4/96, p.A19)

1980        Feb 27, Chelsea Clinton, daughter of Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton (1993-2001), was born in Little Rock.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chelsea_Clinton)

1980        Sep 18, In Damascus, Arkansas, a nuclear-armed Titan II missile exploded in its silo killing one serviceman and spreading toxic fumes in the area. In 2013 Eric Schlosser authored “Command and Control: Nuclear Weapons, the Damascus Accident, and the Illusion of Safety."
    (SSFC, 9/22/13, p.F1)

1980        Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton lost his re-election bid for the governor’s office to Frank White (d.2003).
    (SFC, 1/29/98, p.A3)(SFC, 5/23/03, p.A26)

1980s        The Whitewater real estate deal involved Bill and Hillary Clinton, James and Susan McDougal, and Jim Guy Tucker. A final report in 2002 found that the deal benefited from criminal transactions but that there was insufficient evidence to prove wrongdoing by the Clintons.
    (WSJ, 3/21/02, p.A1)

1981        Barry Seal (1939-1986), gunrunner, drug trafficker, and covert CIA operative, began his operations at the Intermountain Regional Airport in Mena, Arkansas. Seal was murdered by Colombian assassins in Feb, 1986, after he had testified in federal court in Las Vegas, Fort Lauderdale, and Miami for the US government against leaders of the Medellin drug cartel. According to a 1986 letter from the Louisiana attorney general to then US attorney general Edwin Meese, Seal had "smuggled between $3 billion and $5 billion of drugs into the US." Among the aircraft flown in and out of Mena was Seal's C-123K cargo plane, christened Fat Lady. Records show that Fat Lady, serial number 54-0679, was sold by Seal months before his death. On Oct 5, 1986, Fat Lady was shot down over Nicaragua with a load of arms destined for the Contras.
    (www.ratical.org/ratville/JFK/crimesOfMena.html)

1982        Jan 5, A Federal judge voided an Arkansas state law requiring balanced classroom treatment of evolution and creationism.
    (www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4726786)(HN, 1/5/99)

1982        In Arkansas former Gov. Bill Clinton won his election bid for the governor’s office with the help of political consultant Dick Morris.
    (SFC, 1/29/98, p.A3)

1983        Jun 3, Gordon Kahl (b.1920), a militant tax protester wanted in the slayings of two US marshals in North Dakota, was killed in a gun battle with law enforcement officials near Smithville, Ark. Kahl was a former member of the anti-tax Posse Comitatus movement founded in 1969 by Henry L Beach.
    (AP, 6/3/97)(http://law.jrank.org/pages/9290/Posse-Comitatus.html)

1983        Gov. Clinton had an intimate sexual encounter by mutual consent with Mrs. Elizabeth Ward Gracen, a  1982 Miss America.
    (SFC, 4/1/98, p.A3)

1984        The Arkansas Museum of Oil and Brine opened. The name was later changed to the Museum of Natural Resources.
    (WSJ, 2/14/00, p.A1)

1986        Gov. Clinton lobbied Little Rock judge and small-business financier David Hale to make a $300,000 loan to Susan McDougal. The Clinton-McDougal relationship was later described by Jim McDougal in the 1998 book “Arkansas Mischief" written with the assistance of Curtis Wilkie, published after McDougal’s death in federal prison.
    (WSJ, 6/4/98, p.A16)

1987        Aug 23, Two teenagers in Alexander, Arkansas, Kevin Ives and Don Henry were run over by a train. Fahmy Malak, the medical examiner of Gov. Clinton, ruled the Aug 23 deaths of the teenagers as accidental. Malak was investigated and cleared of improprieties. Later investigations indicated that they were murdered prior to being run over.
    (WSJ, 4/15/97, p.A18)(WSJ, 4/18/96, p.A-18)

1987        Dec 28, The bodies of 14 relatives of R. Gene Simmons were found at his home near Dover, Ark., following a shooting spree by Simmons in Russellville that claimed two other lives. (Simmons was later executed.)
    (AP, 12/28/97)

1990        Heidi and Scott Riddle established the nonprofit Riddle Elephant Breeding Farm and Wild Life Sanctuary on 330 acres near Guy.
    (SFC,11/17/97, p.A3)

1991        Oct 3, Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton entered the race for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 10/3/01)

1992        Jan 24, The state of Arkansas executed convicted cop-killer Rickey Ray Rector after Gov. Bill Clinton refused to intervene.
    (AP, 1/24/02)

1992        Apr 5, Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton died in Little Rock, Ark., at age 74. In 1999 Bob Ortega authored the biography "In Sam We Trust."
    (AP, 4/5/97)(SFEC, 4/18/99, BR p.9)

1992        May 2, Former US House Ways and Means Chairman Wilbur D. Mills died in Searcy, Ark., at age 82.
    (AP, 5/2/97)

1992        Jul 15, Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton claimed the Democratic presidential nomination at the party's convention in New York City.
    (AP, 7/15/97)

1992        Nov 3, Bill Clinton, governor of Arkansas, was elected as the 42nd president of the United States, defeating President Bush, who won 38% of the popular vote. Clinton won Ohio by 2 percentage points.
    (AP, 11/3/97)(HN, 11/3/98)(SSFC, 4/29/01, p.D1)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.31)

1992        Dec, The Arkansas Legislature enacted a tax on soft drinks. t went to a vote with the citizens of Arkansas in 1994. The yes vote won with 55% of the turnout. The tax was modeled after one held by North Carolina (1969).
    (www.digitalcity.com/2009/09/14/soda-tax-in-arkansas-model-for-national-tax/)

1993        May 5, In West Memphis, Arkansas, Cub Scouts Steve Branch (8), Christopher Byers (8) and Michael Moore (8) were found dead, nude and hogtied. Rumors of Satanism roiled the community in the weeks following their deaths. In 1994 Jason Baldwin (16) was sentenced to life in prison; Jessie Misskelley (18) was sentenced to life plus 40 years; Damien Echols (19) was sentenced to death. The case was largely based on a confession by Misskelley, who was mentally handicapped. In 1996 Jo Berlinger and Bruce Sinofsky made an HBO documentary: "The Child Murders at Robin Hood Hills." In 2007 new DNA tests and forensic evidence challenged the guilt of the teenagers. In 2011 the defendants, known by their supporters as the West Memphis 3, agreed to a legal maneuver that let them maintain their innocence while acknowledging prosecutors have enough evidence against them.
    (www.wm3.org/live/trialshearings/chrono_detail.php?guy=1&chrono_Id=151&page=8)(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A16)(WSJ, 3/13/00, p.A44)(SFC, 12/20/07, p.A6)(AP, 8/20/11)

1993        Dr. George Tiller was shot in both arms by an abortion protester. He returned to work the next day.
    (SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A12)

1993        Little Rock, Ark., hit a record 76 murders for the year.
    (SSFC, 8/11/02, p.F6)

1994        Jan 6, Virginia Kelley Clinton (70), mother of Pres Clinton, died in Hot Springs, Ark.
    (AP, 1/6/99)(MC, 1/6/02)

1994        Feb 26, Bill Hicks (32), writer and comedian, died in Little Rock, Ark.
    (www.asifproductions.com/saints/bill.html)

1994        Mar 14, Associate Attorney General Webster Hubbell, a longtime friend of President and Mrs. Clinton, resigned because of controversy over billings he'd charged while in private law practice.
    (AP, 3/14/99)(www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/white_house/april97/hubbell_4-2.html)

1994        Apr 4, The University of Arkansas won the NCAA basketball championship, defeating Duke 76-72.
    (AP, 4/4/99)

1994        May 11, Arkansas put to death two convicted murderers; it was the first time a state executed two people on the same day since the U.S. Supreme Court allowed states to restore the death penalty in 1976.
    (AP, 5/11/99)

1994        Dec 14, Former Arkansas Governor Orval E. Faubus, died at age 84. His refusal to let nine black students into Little Rock's Central High School in 1957 forced President Eisenhower to send in federal troops.
    (AP, 12/14/99)

1994        Mike Huckabee was elected as lieutenant governor of Arkansas.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.33)

1994        Webster L. Hubbell, a player in the Whitewater-Madison land deal with Pres. Clinton, resigned from the Justice Dept. and launched a private consulting practice in Washington. He received substantial aide from important public and private figures. He had been appointed by Bill Clinton as chief justice of Arkansas when Clinton was governor. He was later sentenced to prison for bilking his partners in the Little Rock law firm where he worked with Hillary Clinton. Ind. Council Kenneth Starr asserted that Hubbell accepted thousands of dollars in bogus consulting fees, and that the payments were hush money to keep him talking about financial deals in Arkansas.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A12)(SFC, 1/27/99, p.A3)

1994-1998    In Arkansas 59 bald eagles were found dead at DeGray Lake and Lake Hamilton. Their deaths were associated with dead coots and followed 10-20 days after heavy rains. Runoff containing hazardous materials was suspected.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A14)

1995        Jul 18, US Senate Republicans opened a new round of Whitewater hearings.
    (AP, 7/18/00)

1995        Aug 17, James B. McDougal, McDougal’s ex-wife, Susan H. McDougal, and Arkansas Governor Jim Guy Tucker were indicted by the Whitewater grand jury. James McDougal was convicted on 18 of 19 counts of fraud and conspiracy; Tucker was found guilty on one count of fraud and one count of conspiracy; Susan McDougal was convicted on four fraud-related charges. James B. McDougal’s sentencing was delayed when the court suggested he testify against the Clintons. He died of a heart attack in federal prison in Fort Worth, Texas, on March 8, 1998. Susan H. McDougal was sentenced to two years in prison, probation, community service and $305,000 in fines and restitution. She received a full Presidential pardon from outgoing President Bill Clinton in the final hours of his presidency on January 20, 2001. Jim Guy Tucker was convicted of three counts of felony; due to his poor health, he was sentenced to four years probation and 18 months of house detention and $325,000 in fines and restitution.
    (AP, 8/17/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_McDougal)

1996        Mar 4, Jury selection began in Little Rock, Ark., in the trial of President Clinton's Whitewater partners, James and Susan McDougal, and the man who succeeded him as Arkansas governor, Jim Guy Tucker. James McDougal and Tucker were later convicted of fraud and conspiracy; Susan McDougal was convicted of fraud.
    (AP, 3/4/06)

1996        May 28, A US jury convicted the former business partners of Pres. Clinton in the Whitewater Case, James and Susan McDougal, and Jim Guy Tucker, governor of Arkansas. Tucker was charged with creating a sham bankruptcy to avoid paying taxes on profits from a sold cable TV company in which he was a partner. Tucker resigned after the verdict. He briefly reversed his decision, but finally stepped down in July. In 1998 Tucker pleaded guilty to a felony charge of fraud and agreed to cooperate with prosecutors of independent council Kenneth Starr.
    (SFC, 5/29/96, A1)(WSJ, 1/2/97, p.R2)(SFC, 2/21/98, p.A3)

1996        Jul 15, Arkansas Gov. Guy Tucker stepped down following a felony conviction in the Whitewater scandal. Lt. Gov. Mike Huckabee became governor.
    (WSJ, 1/2/97, p.R2)(Econ, 2/3/07, p.33)

1996        Aug 19, A judge sentenced former Arkansas Gov. Jim Guy Tucker to four years' probation for his Whitewater crimes.
    (AP, 8/19/97)

1996        Aug 20, Susan McDougal was sentenced in Little Rock, Ark., to two years in prison in a Whitewater fraud case. She served three months of that sentence, but also 18 months for contempt for refusing to answer questions about President Clinton.
    (AP, 8/20/06)

1996        Wal-Mart first entered China through a joint-venture agreement. By 2011 Walmart had 338 shops in 124 Chinese cities with 90,000 employees.
    (www.wal-martchina.com/english/walmart/history.htm)(Econ, 5/21/11, p.69)

1997        Mar 1, Severe storms hit Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi, and spawned tornadoes in Arkansas blamed for two dozen deaths.
    (AP, 3/1/98)

1997        May 9, A pesticide plant burned after an explosion in West Helena, Ark. The chemical Azinphosmethyl was not supposed to have exploded unless it was heated and decomposed. A levee was built to keep poison-laden rainwater from entering the Mississippi River. Three firefighters were killed.
    (SFC, 5/10/97, p.A8)

1997        Sep 25, President Clinton pulled open the door of Central High School in Little Rock, Ark., as he welcomed nine blacks who had faced hate-filled mobs 40 years earlier.
    (AP, 9/25/98)

1997        Christina Marie Riggs drugged and suffocated her 2 children to death. She was convicted for murder and executed by injection in 2000. It was the state’s first execution of a woman in over 150 years.
    (SFC, 5/3/00, p.A6)

1998        Jan 29, Yah Lin Trie ("Charlie Trie"), a Little Rock restaurateur, was indicted under 15 counts in relation to fund raising for the Democratic Party. In 1999 Trie agreed to plead guilty to 2 counts of violating federal election laws, one felony and one misdemeanor for a maximum of 3 years probation.
    (SFC, 5/22/99, p.A2)

1998        Apr 16, Tornadoes claimed 11 lives in Arkansas, Tennessee and Kentucky.
    (SFC, 4/17/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/16/08)

1998        Apr 25, In Little Rock two little girls, Sidney Pippin (4-months old) and Vicky Fraley, died of heat exhaustion after they were left in a car for 8 hours. Police charged Ricky Leon Crisp (23), the father of Vicky (16-months old), and Justin Griffith (27) with first-degree murder.
    (SFC, 4/28/98, p.A3)

1998        Mar 24, In Jonesboro, Ark., 2 boys, Mitchell Johnson (13) and Andrew Golden (11), opened fire on a group of schoolchildren and killed four girls and one teacher and wounded 11 others. The older boy was angry at a girl who had broken up with him. Golden had stolen 7 guns from his grandfather. The boys were remanded to the Division of Youth Services until their 18th birthdays. Federal prosecutors used weapons laws to keep the boys locked up until age 21. Mitchell Johnson was due to be released in 2005.
    (SFC, 3/25/98, p.A1)(SFC, 3/26/98, p.A1)(SFC, 8/12/98, p.A3)(AP, 8/12/05)

1998        Aug 11, Mitchell Johnson (14), one of the shooters in the March 24 Jonesboro, Ark., schoolyard massacre, pleaded guilty to murder and battery. He and Andrew Golden (12) were both convicted. The boys were detained by Arkansas juvenile authorities until they turned 18, then transferred to federal custody. Federal authorities released the two when they turned 21. In 2008 a US District Judge sentenced Johnson (24) to 4 more years in prison for possession of a 9mm pistol, a Federal violation of his parole. Charges remained pending on the possession of marijuana and a stolen credit card.
    (AP, 8/11/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Golden)

1998        Nov 3, Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee (b.1955) was elected in a landslide.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.33)(http://preview.tinyurl.com/2hhsgo)

1998        Jesse Dirkhissing (13) of Arkansas was raped for hours by 2 next door homosexuals and left to die. The story followed the Wyoming Mat Shepard case and was ignored by the main stream press.
    (WSJ, 11/19/01, p.A18)

1999        Jan 3, An explosion on Smackover, Ark., killed 3 men working on a naphtha tank valve.
    (SFC, 1/14/99, p.A3)

1999        Jan 21, In Arkansas twisters led to 4 deaths and over a dozen injuries across the state.
    (SFC, 1/22/99, p.A3)

1999        Jan 22, More twisters hit the South and 3 more people were killed in Arkansas and one in Tennessee. The 100 year-old Quapaw district of Little Rock was hit hard as was the historic district of Carksville, Tenn.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/25/99, p.A1)

1999        Apr 12, In Arkansas US District Judge Susan Webber Wright held Pres. Clinton in contempt of court for giving "intentionally false" testimony about his relationship with Monica Lewinsky.
    (SFC, 4/13/99, p.A1)

1999        Apr 27, A federal grand jury indicted ten top political figures in Arkansas for corruption. Nick Wilson, the senior state senator, was indicted as the ring leader of a group that diverted state money.
    (SFC, 4/28/99, p.A3)

1999        May 1, In Hot Springs, Arkansas, an amphibious tourist boat sank on Lake Hamilton and 11 people drowned. The death toll rose to 13 after one survivor died and another body was found.
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, p.A2)(SFC, 5/3/99, p.A2)

1999        May 10, Chevie Kehoe, a white supremacist, was sentenced to life in prison without parole for killing an Arkansas family and conspiring to overthrow the government.
    (WSJ, 5/11/99, p.A1)

1999        May 17, Jim Guy Tucker, former state governor, was ordered to pay $1 million for conspiring to evade taxes on a cable TV business he sold in 1988. Tucker planned to appeal.
    (SFC, 5/18/99, p.A2)

1999        Jun 1, In Little Rock, Ark., 9 people died when an American Airlines jet carrying 145 people crashed into a light tower on landing in stormy weather. The toll climbed to 11 after 2 initial survivors died. In 2001 pilot error was cited.
    (SFC, 6/3/99, p.A1)(SFC, 6/17/99, p.A3)(SFC, 10/24/01, p.C14)

1999        Aug 26, Shawana Pace (23) was attacked by three men hired by her boyfriend, who kicked her and killed her soon to be due baby. The 3 men were charged with murder under the new Arkansas Fetal Protection Law.
    (SFC, 9/3/99, p.A3)

1999        The Hemingway-Pfeiffer Museum and Educational Center opened in Piggott.
    (SFC, 7/28/00, p.C12)

2000        Aug 28, An apparent murder-suicide left a professor and a graduate student dead at the Univ. of Arkansas. It was later found that the graduate student had been kicked out of a degree program.
    (WSJ, 8/28/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/30/00, p.A1)

2000        Sep 20, Robert Ray, the independent counsel who succeeded Kenneth Starr, ended the $52 million Whitewater probe ended without charges against the Clintons, saying there was insufficient evidence to warrant charges against Pres. Clinton and first lady Hillary Clinton.
    (AP, 9/20/01)(WSJ, 9/21/00, p.A1)

2000        Lee Scott took over as head of Arkansas-based Wal-Mart, the company’s 3rd boss. In late 2007 Scott announced that he would retire at the end of January, 2009.
    (Econ, 11/29/08, p.70)

2001        Mar 23, Pulaski County Circuit Judge David Bogard threw out the 1977 anti-sodomy law.
    (SFC, 3/24/01, p.C1)

2001        Nov 23, Heavy storms hit Arkansas and at least 4 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A19)

2001        Arkansas passed a Covenant Marriage Act.
    (Econ, 2/12/05, p.31)

2002        Feb 8, William T. Dillard (b.1914), founder of Dillard’s department store chain, died in Little Rock, Ark.
    (SFC, 2/11/02, p.B5)(AP, 2/8/03)

2002        Jul 5, The Arkansas state Supreme Court ruled that a law banning sexual relations between people of the same sex was an unconstitutional invasion of privacy.
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A5)

2002        Dec 12, Dee Brown (94), author of “Bury My heart at Wounded Knee: An Indian History of the American West" (1970), died in Little Rock, Ark.
    (SFC, 12/16/02, p.A23)

2002        Dec 18, At least 4 tornadoes hit Arkansas and Missouri and killed 3 people with 30 injured.
    (SFC, 12/19/02, p.A4)

2003        May 21, Frank White (69), former governor (1981-1982), died in Little Rock.
    (SFC, 5/23/03, p.A26)

2003        Oct 4, Sid McMath (91), former 2-term governor of Arkansas, died.
    (WSJ, 10/6/03, p.A1)

2003        Arkansas state legislators passed an act to measure the body mass index of its schoolchildren. Data soon revealed that 40% of the children are obese or at risk of becoming so.
    (Econ, 6/12/04, p.29)

2003        Arkansas Republican Governor Mike Huckabee was diagnosed with type-2 diabetes. He proceeded to loose 105 pounds and made improving public health a priority of his last 2 years in office.
    (Econ, 2/17/07, p.37)

2004        Feb 2, An ivory-billed woodpecker, thought to be extinct, was reported in the Cache River National Wildlife Refuge of Arkansas. The last sighting of the bird was in 1944. The sighting put a hold on the Grand Prairie Area Demonstration Project, a $319 million irrigation project to provide water for rice farming, which would divert water from the bird’s habitat.
    (SFC, 4/29/05, p.A1)(Econ, 5/13/06, p.36)

2004        Oct 9, A bus carrying Chicago-area tourists to a Mississippi casino crashed and overturned on I-55 in northeastern Arkansas, killing 15 people.
    (SSFC, 10/10/04, p.A6)(AP, 10/9/05)

2004        Nov 18, In Little Rock, Ark., an estimated 30,000 guests attended the opening of the Clinton Presidential Center, a 30-acre, $165 million glass-and-steel home of artifacts and documents gathered during Clinton's eight years in the White House.
    (AP, 11/18/04)(Econ, 11/13/04, p.36)

2004        Dec 30, Arkansas vowed to appeal after a judge struck down a 1999 rule barring the state from placing a foster child in any household with a gay member.
    (WSJ, 12/31/04, p.A1)

2004        Dec, Arkansas was reported to be infected with Asian soybean rust. 9 states were believed to be infected with spores carried over from South America by the recent hurricanes.
    (Econ, 12/11/04, p.33)

2005        Jan 2, In El Dorada, Ark., firefighters evacuated hundreds of residents as they fought a blaze in a hazardous waste warehouse.
    (WSJ, 1/3/05, p.A1)

2005        Feb 19, In Arkansas a train slammed into an ambulance that apparently tried to get out of its path, but stopped at a rail crossing, killing all three paramedics on board. The patient in the vehicle survived.
    (AP, 2/20/05)

2005        Sep 8, US grain prices were reported down as grain elevators along the Mississippi filled to capacity and grain handling due to Katrina fell to 63%. Early harvests from Arkansas were particularly hit.
    (WSJ, 9/8/05, p.A10)(WSJ, 9/9/05, p.A1)

2006        Jan 8, Wildfires in the southwest US spread to Arkansas and Colorado destroying 9 more homes. Over the last 2 weeks the fires in New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas have destroyed 475 homes and left 5 people dead.
    (SFC, 1/9/06, p.A3)

2006        Jan 28, In southern Arkansas police found the bodies of 3 children lying side-by-side on a bed in their home after Paula Eleazar Mendez (43), their mother, said she smothered them.
    (AP, 1/29/06)

2006        Jan 31, In Arkansas Tom Coughlin (57), a former Wal-Mart Stores Inc. vice chairman who was a protege of founder Sam Walton, pleaded guilty to fraud and tax charges, admitting that he stole money, gift cards and merchandise from the world's largest retailer.
    (AP, 1/31/06)

2006        Jan, In Arkansas Riceland Rice, the world’s largest miller and marketer of rice, became aware of genetically modified rice in its commercial bins. In July American agricultural officials learned that unapproved rice had been found in commercial bins in Arkansas and Missouri. The EU soon demanded that rice be tested and certified.
    (Econ, 9/16/06, p.43)

2006        Feb 4, In Arkansas Jacob D. Robida (18) shot himself after he killed a Gassville police officer and a woman in his car. Robida died the next day. 2 days earlier Robida had used a hatchet and a gun to attack 3 patrons at a gay bar in Mass.
    (AP, 2/3/06)(AP, 2/5/06)(SFC, 2/8/06, p.A3)

2006        Mar 12-2006 Mar 13, Swarms of tornadoes killed at least 10 people across the Midwest states of Indiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, Arkansas, South Dakota, Minnesota and Wisconsin. It caused so much damage in Springfield, Ill., that the mayor compared it to the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 3/13/06)

2006        Apr 20, Arkansas Republican Governor Mike Huckabee signed a $1.10 state minimum wage increase into law to be effective Oct 1. The previous minimum was at the federal standard of $5.15 per hour.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mrppf)

2006        Jun 29, The Arkansas Supreme Court ruled that Arkansas cannot ban gays from becoming foster parents, because there is no link between their sexual orientation and a child’s well-being.
    (SFC, 6/30/06, p.A20)

2006        Jul 7, The Arkansas state board barred Dr. Randeep Mann from prescribing narcotics after officials said 10 of his patients died from a lethal mix of drugs or an overdose of prescription medicines.
    (AP, 7/7/06)

2006        Jul 16, Win Rockefeller (57), Lt. Gov. of Arkansas and son of former Arkansas Gov. Winthrop Rockefeller, died of a blood disease marked by the uncontrolled production of bone marrow cells.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mlaoo)

2006        Dec 7, Johnnie Bryan Hunt (79), founder of Arkansas-based J.B. Hunt Transport Services (1969), died.
    (WSJ, 12/9/06, p.A5)

2007        Jan 9, Mike Beebe was sworn in as the 45th Governor of the State of Arkansas.
    (www.governor.arkansas.gov/gov_biography.html)

2007        Jan 17, A US snow and ice storm was blamed for at least 64 deaths in nine states. These included 20 deaths in Oklahoma, 9 in Missouri, 8 in Iowa, 4 in New York, 5 in Texas, 4 in Michigan, 3 in Arkansas, and 1 each in Maine and Indiana.
    (AP, 1/17/07)(SFC, 1/18/07, p.A3)

2007        Feb 24, In Arkansas tornado winds injured 40 people and damaged dozens of homes and businesses. Much of the town of Dumas was destroyed. The Midwest storm system was blamed for 8 traffic deaths, 7 in Wisconsin and one in Kansas.
    (SFC, 2/26/07, p.A4)(Econ, 4/7/07, p.30)

2007        Apr 19, Helen Robson Walton (b.1919), widow of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton, died in Bentonville, Ark. She had pushed for a profit-sharing plan for employees in the Wal-Mart’s early days and demanded that the family live in a small, rural town.
    (WSJ, 4/21/07, p.A6)

2007        Apr 24, A tornado in the Texas border town of Eagle Pass killed at least 10 people and destroyed two schools and more than 20 homes. The storm killed 2 more people in Arkansas and Louisiana.
    (AP, 4/25/07)(SFC, 4/26/07, p.A3)

2007        Aug 11, Republican Mitt Romney (b.1947) won the first test of the 2008 White House race, using a big wallet and broad organization to muscle aside a field of rivals in a low-turnout Iowa straw poll. Mike Huckabee (b.1955), former governor of Arkansas, came in second.
    (Reuters, 8/11/07)(WSJ, 8/13/07, p.A5)

2007        In Arkansas six nuns were excommunicated after refusing to give up membership in the Army of Mary. In 1971 Marie Paule Giguere (b.1921), a Catholic nun in Quebec, founded the Army of Mary as a prayer group, saying she was receiving visions from God. In 2007 the Vatican declared her teachings were heretical.
    (SFC, 9/27/07, p.A20)(www.religioustolerance.org/army_mary.htm)

2008        Jan 7, Tornadoes were reported or suspected in southwest Missouri, southeastern Wisconsin, Arkansas, Illinois and Oklahoma. Two people were killed in Missouri.
    (AP, 1/8/08)

2008        Feb 5, Storms swept across southeast US as Super Tuesday primaries were ending. At least 31 people were killed in Tennessee, 13 in Arkansas, 7 in Kentucky and four in Alabama. It was one of the 15 worst tornado death tolls since 1950, and the nation's deadliest barrage of tornadoes since 76 people were killed in Pennsylvania and Ohio on May 31, 1985. The death toll rose to 59.
    (AP, 2/6/08)(AP, 2/7/08)(WSJ, 2/8/08, p.A1)

2008        Mar 19, Flooding forced hundreds of people to flee their homes and closed scores of roads across a wide swath of the US midsection as a huge storm system poured as much as 10 inches of rain on the region. Flooding was reported in parts of Arkansas, southern Illinois, southern Indiana, Missouri and Kentucky with over a dozen deaths.
    (AP, 3/19/08)(AP, 3/20/08)

2008        Apr 2, Arkansas Gov. Mike Beebe singed legislation to repeal a botched marriage law, and reinstated 17 as the minimum age to marry for boys and 16 for girls.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 2, In Arkansas 3 men were presumed drowned when scaffolding underneath an Arkansas River bridge collapsed. They were working on a project to install a water main beneath the bridge for the Central Arkansas Water utility.
    (AP, 4/3/08)

2008        Apr 10, Powerful storms brought hail, heavy rain and possible tornadoes to Arkansas, Texas, and Oklahoma, causing flooding and power outages for thousands of customers and at least one death.
    (AP, 4/10/08)

2008        May 2, Severe storms rolled across Arkansas and killed 8 people, including a teenager crushed by a tree while she slept in her bed. The deaths came after earlier storms seriously damaged homes and businesses in the Kansas City, Mo., area.
    (AP, 5/2/08)(AP, 5/3/08)

2008        Aug 13, In Little Rock, Ark., Timothy Dale Johnson (50), described as a loner, drove more than 30 miles to Arkansas' Democratic Party headquarters and fatally shot its chairman, Bill Gwatney, hours after losing his job. Johnson was later shot dead by officers.
    (AP, 8/14/08)

2008        Sep 20, Arkansas State Police troopers raided the 15-acre complex of evangelist Tony Alamo (74), searching for evidence of child pornography. FBI Agents arrested Alamo five days later in Flagstaff, Ariz. Alamo later pleaded not guilty to a 10-count federal indictment.
    (AP, 7/10/09)

2008        Oct 22, Sheriffs' deputies in Crockett County, Tenn., arrested two suspects, Daniel Cowart (20) of Bells, Tenn., and Paul Schlesselman (18) of Helena-West Helena, Ark., on unspecified charges. On Oct 27 federal authorities charged the 2 white supremacists for allegedly plotting to go on a national killing spree, shooting and decapitating black people and ultimately targeting Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama. On March 29, 2010, Cowart pleaded guilty to eight of 10 counts in an indictment accusing him of conspiracy, threatening a presidential candidate and various federal firearms violations. Co-defendant Schlesselman pleaded guilty in January.
    (AP, 10/28/08)(AP, 3/29/10)

2008        Oct 25, Anne Pressly (26), an Arkansas KATV anchorwoman, died in Little Rock several days after she didn't answer her wake-up call and was found brutally beaten in her home. On Nov 26 officers arrested suspect Curtis Lavelle Vance (28) at a home in Little Rock. Vance was convicted of murder on Nov 11, 2009.
    (AP, 10/26/08)(AP, 11/27/08)(SFC, 11/12/09, p.A6)

2008        Oct 26, At the University of Central Arkansas in Conway a shooting left two students dead and a third person wounded. On Oct 28 4 men were charged with capital murder and other felonies for the shootings in Conway.
    (AP, 10/27/08)(SFC, 10/29/08, p.A3)

2008        Nov 4, Arkansas voters passed a measure blocking the adoption of children by unmarried couples. John McCain won the state by 20 points over Barack Obama. Arkansas voters approved a state lottery by a 63% margin. In 2010 a Circuit Court judge in Little Rock struck down the measure on adoption, saying it infringed on a person’s right to privacy.
    (SSFC, 11/9/08, p.A5)(Econ, 11/22/08, p.45)(SFC, 4/17/10, p.A4)

2008        Dec 2, In Arkansas a federal indictment was unsealed accusing evangelist Tony Alamo (74) of sexually abusing five girls on separate occasions beginning in 1994, including a period when he was serving a tax-evasion sentence at a halfway house in Texarkana. Alamo was convicted on July 24 of taking girls as young as 9 across state lines for sex. On Nov 13 Alamo was sentenced to 175 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/3/08)(SFC, 7/25/09, p.A3)(SFC, 11/14/09, p.A4)

2009        Jan 28, President Barack Obama signed requests from Kentucky Gov. Steve Beshear and Arkansas Gov. Mike Beebe for federal emergency declarations as crews worked around the clock to resurrect power lines downed by thick ice in both states. Since the storm began building on Jan 26, the weather has been blamed for at least six deaths in Texas, four in Arkansas, three in Virginia, six in Missouri, two in Oklahoma, and one each in Indiana and Ohio.
    (AP, 1/29/09)

2009        Jan, Little Rock, Arkansas, launched a $650,000 project to excavate the remains of its neglected “Little Rock," estimated to be 300 million years old, and restore it to a place of dignity. In 1872 huge chunks of the rock were blasted away to make room for a railway bridge.
    (WSJ, 1/28/09, p.A1)

2009        Feb 4, Arkansas Gov. Mike Beebe signed into law new animal-cruelty restrictions that make aggravated cruelty to cats, dogs and horses a felony on the first offense. According to the US Humane Society Arkansas became the 46th state to make cruelty to animals a felony.
    (AP, 2/5/09)

2009        Mar 25, Arkansas Gov. Mike Beebe signed 2 bills creating a state lottery, making his state the 43rd plus the district of Columbia to hold such contests.
    (SFC, 3/26/09, p.A6)

2009        Apr 9, In Mena, Arkansas, a tornado struck a "direct hit" on this mountain community, killing at least three people, injuring at least 30 others and flattening homes and businesses.
    (AP, 4/10/09)

2009        Jun 1, In Arkansas Pvt. William Long (23) of Conway was shot and killed outside an Army-Navy Career Center in a west Little Rock shopping center. Pvt. Quinton Ezeagwula (18) of Jacksonville, Ark., was wounded. The next day Muslim convert Abdulhakim Muhammad (23) of Little Rock was charged for the shootings. On July 25, 2011, Muhammad, born as Carlos Bledsoe, admitted to the crime in a plea deal and was sentenced to life in prison without parole.
    (AP, 6/2/09)(SFC, 7/25/11, p.A7)

2009        Dec 24, In Arkansas 2 men shot and killed Philip wise, a Salvation Army major, in front of his 3 young children in North Little Rock.
    (SFC, 12/26/09, p.A10)

2009        The Crystal Bridges Museum for American Art, designed by Moshe Safdie, was scheduled to open in Bentonville, Ark.
    (WSJ, 3/4/06, p.P4)

2010        Jan 24, Wal-Mart Stores of Bentonville, Ark., said it will cut some 11,200 jobs at Sam’s Club warehouses as it turns the task of in-store product demonstrations to an outside marketing company, Shopper Events.
    (SFC, 1/25/10, p.A5)

2010        Apr 30, In Arkansas several tornadoes ripped through the state, killing a woman and injuring two dozen others. Leveled homes, overturned vehicles and uprooted trees were scattered across central Arkansas.
    (AP, 5/1/10)

2010        May 20, In Arkansas 2 police officers were shot dead after pulling over a van with Ohio plates on I-40. A short time later 2 suspects were killed in a separate shootout in a Wal-Mart parking lot in West Memphis.
    (SFC, 5/21/10, p.A4)

2010        Jun 8, Voters in 12 states expressed their anger with Washington and special interests by defeating a $10 million union campaign to unseat Arkansas, Sen. Blanche Lincoln (D), who had the courage to stand up against their special interest legislation, promoting women outsiders who have run public companies but never held office, and supporting candidates aligned with Tea Party  values. In the California governor’s race, Meg Whitman’s victory over state insurance commissioner Steve Poizner places her in a faceoff against the quintessential career politician—Jerry Brown, governor of California from 1975 to 1983, then mayor of Oakland and now the state attorney general.
    (AP, 6/9/10)

2010        Jun 11, In Arkansas flash floods swept through a popular campground, killing at least 19 people in and around the Albert Pike Recreation Area.
    (AP, 6/12/10)(AP, 6/14/10)

2010        Aug 31, In Arkansas a medical helicopter crashed in Van Burn County killing 3 crew members trying to reach a person injured in a traffic accident.
    (SFC, 9/1/10, p.A7)

2010        Oct 27, Lisa Blount (53), actress and Oscar-winning filmmaker, was found dead in her home in Little Rock, Ark. Blount received a Golden Globe nomination for her supporting turn as the best friend of Debra Winger's character in "An Officer and a Gentleman" (1982). Her other credits included "Prince of Darkness" (1987) and "Great Balls of Fire!" (1989).
    (AP, 10/28/10)

2010        Nov 19, The opera “Billy Blythe" opened in Little Rock, Arkansas. It was created by Bonnie Montgomery and Britt Barber and focused on one day in the life of teenager and later US Pres. Bill Clinton.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.41)

2010        Dec 31, In Arkansas a tornado killed 3 people in the hamlet of Cincinnati. A storm spawned by the same weather left 3 people dead near Rolla, Missouri. A 4th person, injured in Rolla, died the next day.
    (SFC, 1/1/11, p.A6)(SSFC, 1/2/11, p.A11)

2011        Jan 1, In Arkansas some 3,000 red-winged blackbirds died and fell from the sky over a 1-mile area of Beebe. The Arkansas Game and Fish Commission said that it began receiving reports about the dead birds about 11:30 p.m. the previous night.
    (AP, 1/2/11)(AP, 1/2/11)(SFC, 1/4/11, p.A5)

2011        Jan 6, Donald J. Tyson (b.1930), chicken entrepreneur, died in Arkansas. He had built his father’s chicken business into the behemoth Tyson Foods.
    (SFC, 1/7/11, p.A9)

2011        Feb 9, A second powerful blizzard in a week roared through parts of the US midsection, bringing biting winds and dumping more than a foot of snow on areas still digging out from last week's major storm. Up to 2 feet of snow fell on parts of Arkansas and Oklahoma.
    (AP, 2/9/11)(SFC, 2/10/11, p.A5)

2011        Apr 12, Arkansas police Officer Jonathan Schmidt was shot and killed during a traffic stop. On July 28 Jerry Lard (38) was sentenced to death for the murder of Schmidt.
    (www.odmp.org/officer/20822-patrolman-jonathan-richard-schmidt)(SSFC, 7/29/12, p.A12)

2011        Apr 14, Storms began late in the day in Oklahoma, where at least 5 tornadoes touched down and two people were killed. The system then pushed into Arkansas, killing 7 more.
    (AP, 4/16/11)

2011        Apr 16, Vicious storms and howling winds smacked the deep South, killing at least 7 people in Alabama including three family members whose homes were tossed into nearby woods. Combined with earlier reported fatalities in Arkansas and Oklahoma, the confirmed death toll over 3 days rose to 16.
    (AP, 4/16/11)

2011        Apr 17, A furious storm system that kicked up tornadoes, flash floods and hail as big as softballs has left at least 45 people dead on a rampage that stretched for days as it barreled from Oklahoma to North Carolina and Virginia. 11 people were confirmed dead in Bertie County, NC, bringing the state's death toll to at least 18 people. Authorities have said 7 died in Arkansas; 7 in Alabama; 2 in Oklahoma; one in Mississippi and at least 5 in Virginia.
    (AP, 4/17/11)(AP, 4/18/11)

2011        Apr 25, In Arkansas powerful storms caused flooding and a tornado that left 10 people dead.
    (SFC, 4/27/11, p.A8)

2011        Apr 27, Dozens of tornadoes spawned by a powerful storm system wiped out neighborhoods across a wide swath of the South, killing at least 350 people in the deadliest outbreak in nearly 40 years. Alabama had 254 deaths, 34 in Mississippi, 34 in Tennessee, 15 in Georgia, 8 in Arkansas, 5 in Virginia and one in Kentucky.
    (AP, 4/28/11)(AP, 4/29/11)(AFP, 4/30/11)

2011        Apr 28, Pres. Obama declared a major disaster in Alabama. Declarations for Mississippi followed on Apr 29,  Georgia on Apr 30, and soon followed for Tennessee and Arkansas.
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.28)

2011        May 25, The death toll from the May 22 tornado that savaged Joplin, Missouri, rose to 125. A violent storm system across a wide swath of the Midwest and South spawned tornadoes and powerful winds. 9 people were killed in Oklahoma, 2 in Kansas and 4 in Arkansas.
    (Reuters, 5/25/11)

2011        Aug 3, US meat giant Cargill said it is recalling 36 million pounds of ground turkey linked to a nationwide salmonella outbreak that has killed one person in California and sickened at least 76 others. The fresh and frozen ground turkey products were produced at the company's Springdale, Ark., plant from Feb. 20 through Aug. 2.
    (AP, 8/3/11)

2011        Oct 12, In Arkansas Patricia Guardado (22), a college sophomore, was reported missing. She was found dead on Oct 16 in a pond south of Little Rock.
    (AP, 10/17/11)

2011        Nov 11, The Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, designed by architect Moshe Safdie, opened in Bentonville, Ark., with a $1.2 billion endowment from the Walton Family Foundation.
    (Econ, 11/12/11, p.100)

2011        Dec 31, Police in Beebe, Arkansas, said dozens of blackbirds had fallen dead, prompting officers to ban residents from shooting fireworks. Thousands of dead blackbirds rained down on the town in central Arkansas last New Year's Eve after revelers set off fireworks.
    (AP, 1/1/12)

2012        Mar 29, The Arkansas Supreme Court struck down a state law banning sexual contact between teachers and students 18 or older.
    (SFC, 3/30/12, p.A6)

2012        Jun 22, The Arkansas Supreme Court struck down the state’s death penalty law, faulting a provision that allowed the Corrections Dept. to select the fatal drugs used in an execution.
    (SFC, 6/23/12, p.A4)

2012        Jul 28, In Arkansas Chavis Carter, according to police, shot himself in the head as his hands were cuffed in a police patrol car. An autopsy tested him positive for methamphetamine and other drugs.
    (SFC, 8/21/12, p.A3)

2012        Oct 6, Arkansas Republicans tried to distance themselves from a Republican state representative's assertion that slavery was a "blessing in disguise" and a Republican state House candidate who advocates deporting all Muslims. The claims were made in books written, respectively, by Rep. Jon Hubbard of Jonesboro and House candidate Charlie Fuqua of Batesville.
    (AP, 10/7/12)

2013        Feb 17, Country music singer Mindy McCready (37) was found dead of an apparent self-inflicted gunshot wound at her home in Heber Springs, Ark. Her songs included “Guys Do It All the Time" (1996) and “Ten Thousand Angels" (1996).
    (SFC, 2/18/13, p.A6)

2013        Mar 6, Arkansas adopted the country’s most restrictive ban on abortion, at 12 weeks of pregnancy. Democrat Gov. Mike Beebe called it “blatantly unconstitutional."
    (SFC, 3/7/13, p.A5)

2013        Mar 29, In Mayflower, Arkansas, an ExxonMobil pipeline sprang a leak. Crews soon recovered some 12,000 barrels of oil and water. The Pegasus pipeline, capable of carrying more than 90,000 barrels per day (bpd) of crude from Patoka, Illinois to Nederland, Texas, was carrying Canadian Wabasca Heavy crude at the time of the leak. In June the US Justice Dept. and the state of Arkansas filed suit against ExxonMobile for the 210,000 gallons spilled.
    (SSFC, 3/31/13, p.A8)(Reuters, 4/1/13)(SFC, 6/15/13, p.A6)

2013        Apr 1, Arkansas legislators passed a law requiring voters to show photo ID at the polls, overriding Gov. Mike Beebe’s veto. In 2014 a judge struck down the voter ID law, but the state Supreme Court stayed the judge’s ruling pending an appeal.
    (SFC, 4/2/13, p.A6)(SFC, 5/15/14, p.A6)

2013        May 17, A federal judge in Arkansas granted a request to temporarily block enforcement of a new state law that bans most abortions 12 weeks into a pregnancy.
    (SFC, 5/18/13, p.A6)

2013        May 18, Arkansas Treasurer Martha Shoffner was arrested in an FBI sting operation. She accused of taking at least $36,000 from a broker who later came to manage a large share of the state’s $3.3 billion stock and bond portfolio.
    (SFC, 5/21/13, p.A5)(SFC, 5/22/13, p.A5)

2013        Aug 7, Arkansas-based Tyson Foods Inc, declared it would no longer accept cattle that had been fed the most popular brand of the feed additive, called Zilmax, a powerful and fast-selling product from pharmaceutical company Merck & Co.
    (Reuters, 8/13/13)

2013        Nov 25, A federal judge in Arkansas approved a settlement that pays $84.9 million to 5,500 trucking companies that were cheated out of promised rebates by Pilot Flying J, the nation's largest diesel retailer.
    (AP, 11/25/13)

2013        Dec 21, At least two people were killed as wild storms and suspected tornadoes tore through parts of Mississippi and Arkansas.
    (Reuters, 12/21/13)

2014        Jan 10, Arkansas Gov. Mark Darr said he will leave office Feb 1. He was under pressure to resign over ethics violations including making personal use of over $30,000 of his campaign funds.
    (SSFC, 1/12/14, p.A10)

2014        Apr 27, A broad tornado killed at least 15 when it sliced through Arkansas at the start of the US tornado season. Two more people were killed died in Iowa and Oklahoma.
    (Reuters, 4/28/14)(Reuters, 4/29/14)

2014        May 3, In Arkansas a gunman shot six people killing a man and a teenager in Jonesboro. The gunman was later found dead of a gunshot wound in the driver’s seat of a stopped car.
    (SSFC, 5/4/14, p.A13)

2014        May 9, A US judge struck down Arkansas’s 2004 amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman as unconstitutional. On May 15 Judge Chris Piazza extended his ruling to include all state laws preventing gay couples from marrying. On May 16 the state Supreme Court granted a request to suspend Piazza’s decisions.
    (SFC, 5/10/14, p.A10)(SFC, 5/17/14, p.A5)

2014        Aug 17, In Arkansas two Union Pacific freight trains collided in Hoxie killing 2 crew members.
    (SFC, 8/18/14, p.A4)

2014        Sep 24, Arkansas-based Walmart introduced a service to be operated by Green Dot Corp. It will be called GoBank and provide low cost mobile checking accounts linked to a debit card.
    (SFC, 9/25/14, p.C4)

2014        Sep 30, In Arkansas Arron Michael Lewis, accused of killing a real estate agent, pleaded not guilty hours after the woman’s body was discovered in a shallow grave.
    (SFC, 10/1/14, p.A10)

2014        Oct 15, The Arkansas Supreme Court struck down the state’s voter identification law saying it would set a new requirement for voting beyond those listed in the state’s constitution.
    (SFC, 10/17/14, p.A6)

2014        Nov 4, Arkansas approved an increse in the minimum wage from $6.25 and hour to $8.50 an hour.
    (SFC, 11/5/14, p.A10)

2014        Nov 25, A US federal judge struck down an Arkansas voter-approved gay marriage ban, but put the order on hold to allow the state to consider and appeal.
    (SFC, 11/26/14, p.A6)

2015        Apr 2, The US states of Arkansas and Indiana passed amended versions of religious freedom laws following a nationwide outcry that the original legislation effectively legalized discrimination against homosexuals.
    (AFP, 4/2/15)

2015        Apr 22, The US Justice Dept. said Exxon Mobil Corp has agreed to pay $5.07 million to resolve allegations it violated the federal Clean Water Act and state environmental laws in connection with a March 29, 2013, oil spill in Arkansas.
    (Reuters, 4/22/15)

2015        May 11, The governors of Arkansas and Texas declared disasters in parts of their states following tornadoes and flooding that left at least 5 people dead.
    (Reuters, 5/12/15)

2015        Nov 5, In Arkansas a charter bus ran off Interstate 40 and collided with a bridge, resulting in six dead and others injured. The bus was ferrying migrant farmworkers from Michigan to Texas as it ran off a highway and hit an overpass.
    (AP, 11/7/15)

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Subject = Arkansas 
End of file.