Timeline of Illinois

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 Illinois Trails History and Genealogy: http://www.iltrails.org/.
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http://www.50states.com/illinois.htm
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http://infoplease.lycos.com/ipa/A0108209.html
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http://www.enjoyillinois.com

315Mil BC    In 2007 scientists dated plant and insect specimens from a limestone cave in Illinois to about this time.
    (www.livescience.com/animals/070504_chicago_cave.html)

600-800    In 2003 evidence of an Indian village was found at an Illinois site some 35 miles east of St. Louis, that dated to the Late Woodland period.
    (SFC, 4/21/03, p.A6)

c1000        The Cahokia Indian settlement in Southern Illinois numbered about 30,000.
    (SFC, 3/20/99, p.B4)

c1300        The Mississippian people, the largest pre-Columbian culture north of Mexico, built the earthen city of Cahokia about this time. The site, discovered in southwestern Illinois, probably served as a religious center and may have had a population of up to 80,000. The Mississippians arose around 800 AD and remained a powerful influence until about the time of the first European explorers. The loose-knit theocracy held sway over much of present-day Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Ohio and, not surprisingly, Mississippi. They also had settlements extending sporadically into the upper Midwest and across the western plains. The largest of the earthen mounds at Cahokia, called Monks Mound, is 700 feet wide, 100 feet tall and 1000 feet long--representing a colossal public works program and a government stable enough to order the construction.
    (HNQ, 1/29/01)

1675        May 18, Jacques Marquette (37), Jesuit, missionary in Chicago, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1779        Feb 25, The British surrendered the Illinois country to George Rogers Clark at Vincennes.
    (HN, 2/25/98)

1801        Jun 1, Mormon leader Brigham Young was born in Whitingham, Vt.
    (AP, 6/1/97)

1809        Feb 3, US Congress passed an act establishing the Illinois Territory.
    (AP, 2/3/97)

1810        Mar 6, Illinois passed the 1st state vaccination legislation in US.
    (MC, 3/6/02)

1818        Dec 3, Illinois was admitted as the 21st state.
    (AP, 12/3/97)(HN, 12/3/98)

1819        The city of Vandalia was founded and began serving as the state capital of Illinois. The capital was moved to Springfield in 1839.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.42)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Springfield,_Illinois)

1828        McKendree University, a private liberal arts college, was founded in Illinois.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McKendree_University)

1831-1837    Abraham Lincoln lived in New Salem. During this time he enlisted in the Black Hawk War.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.)(SFEC, 3/22/98, p.T4)

1832        Apr 21, Abraham Lincoln (23) assembled with his New Salem neighbors for the Black Hawk War on the Western frontier. Illinois Governor John Reynolds had called for volunteers to beat back a new Indian threat. Black Hawk, chief of the Sac and Fox Indians, had returned to his homeland at the head of a band of 450 warriors, intent on forcibly reversing the treaty he had signed 28 years earlier that ceded control of the tribe’s ancestral home in northwestern Illinois to the U.S.  government.
    (HNQ, 7/21/00)

1832        Aug 2, Some 1,300 Illinois militia under General Henry Atkinson massacred Sauk Indian men, women and children who were followers of Black Hawk at the Bad Axe River in Wisconsin. Black Hawk himself finally surrendered three weeks later, bringing the Black Hawk War to an end.
    (HN, 8/2/98)(MC, 8/2/02)

1832        Abraham Lincoln ran for the General Assembly of Illinois and lost.
    (SFEC, 3/22/98, p.T4)

1834        Abraham Lincoln ran for the General Assembly of Illinois and won.
    (SFEC, 3/22/98, p.T4)

1835        Aug 25, Ann Rutledge (22), said to be Lincoln's true love, died in Ill.
    (MC, 8/25/02)

1837        May 27, Legendary gunfighter James Butler "Wild Bill" Hickok was born in Troy Grove, IL. As a youth, Hickok helped his father operate an Underground Railroad stop for runaway slaves and during the Civil War became a daring Union scout. After the war Hickok's fame as a skilled marksman, Indian fighter and frontier marshal grew, leading to a stint as a featured attraction with Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show. On August 2, 1876, Hickok was shot from behind and killed while playing poker in Saloon No. 10 in Deadwood, Dakota Territory. Contrary to his custom, Hickok was sitting with his back to the door.
    (HNPD, 5/28/99)(MesWP)

1837        Nov 7, A mob attack on the Alton, Illinois, office newspaper editor Elijah P. Lovejoy and the subsequent killing of Lovejoy was inspired by the editor’s anti-slavery writings. Several persons were indicted in the killing, but they were found not guilty. Lovejoy was killed while defending a newly arrived printing press.  People opposed to Lovejoy‘s mission had already destroyed three previous presses.
    (HNQ, 3/18/99)(HNQ, 6/26/00)

1839        Joseph Smith escaped from a Missouri prison and the Mormons left Far West, Mo., and started buying land for a new settlement in Nauvoo, Ill. [see1844]
    (SFC, 4/9/96, A-7)(NW, 9/10/01, p.48)

1840        May 10, Mormon leader Joseph Smith moved his band of followers to Illinois to escape the hostilities they experienced in Missouri.
    (HN, 5/10/99)

1840        A US no-bail-out policy forced some state into default. Several US states had loaded up on unsustainable debt following an extended period of easy credit. These states consequently found payments on their existing bonds increasingly unaffordable. Between 1841 and 1843 Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Pennsylvania and one territory – a proto-state called Florida – defaulted.
    (Econ, 2/11/12, p.57)(http://tinyurl.com/6pgf4wq)

1841        Joseph Smith Jr. and some of the Latter Day Saints settled as tenants of Mark Aldrich (1802-1873), a former Illinois state senator, in what would be called Warren, Illinois. Smith and Aldrich later had a falling out and in 1844 Aldrich was accused of ordering his men to kill Smith. Aldrich was acquitted and moved to California and then to Arizona where he became the first mayor of Tucson.
    (SFC, 6/14/14, p.C2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_Aldrich)

1841-1846    The Mormon Temple at Nauvoo was built.
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, p.T3)

1842        Sep 2, A letter by Abraham Lincoln (31) in the Sangamon Journal satirized the Illinois State Auditor’s call for state taxes to be paid in silver or gold. This in part led auditor James Shields to challenge Lincoln to a duel.
    (ON, 11/02, p.11)

1842        Nov 4, Abraham Lincoln married Mary Todd in Springfield, Ill.
    (AP, 11/4/97) (HN, 11/4/98)

1843-1853    Abraham Lincoln worked at a law office first with Stephen T. Logan and later with William H. Herndon at Sixth and Adams in Springfield.
    (SFEC, 3/22/98, p.T4)

1844        Jun 27, Mormon Joseph Smith (38) and his brother, Hyram, were again imprisoned. A mob stormed the Carthage, Ill. prison and the brothers were killed. [see 1846] James Strang laid claim to being his rightful successor but Brigham Young soon took control of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Strang then began evangelizing in the Midwest and East with some success. His followers were later called "Strangites."
    (Smith., Aug. 1995, p.86)(SFC, 4/9/96, A-7)(AP, 6/27/97)

1844        Aug 8, Brigham Young was chosen to head the Mormon church following the killing of Joseph Smith in Illinois.
    (AP, 8/8/97)(HN, 8/8/98)

1844        The Lincolns purchased a 1 1/2 story Greek Revival home at Eighth and Jackson in Springfield. Mary and Abraham Lincoln paid $1,200 in cash and land for the one-and-half-story, five-room, wood-clapboard structure. It was the only home the Lincolns ever owned. They spent the next 16 years enlarging and improving it.
    (SFEC, 3/22/98, p.T4)(HNQ, 5/6/01)

1845        An account of the murder of Joseph Smith, Mormon leader, was published at Nauvoo, Ill., by an eye-witness named William M. Daniels.
    (LSA., Fall 1995, p.18)

1846        Feb 4, Brigham Young, Joseph Smith’s successor, led the Mormons overland from Nauvoo, Ill., to the Great Salt Lake Valley. Mormon pioneer Sam Brannon gathered some 250 Mormons aboard the ship, Brooklyn, and sailed from New York to San Francisco. [see 1847]
    (SFC, 4/9/96, A-7)(SFEC, 7/21/96, DB p.29)

1846        Feb 10, Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, the Mormons, began an exodus to the west from Illinois.
    (AP, 2/10/97)

1846        May 1, The new Mormon Temple in Nauvoo was dedicated.
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, p.T3)

1847        The Mormon Temple in Nauvoo burned to the ground. The fire was reportedly set by a detractor. In 1999 plans were made to rebuild the temple.
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, p.T3)

1848        Mar 19, Wyatt Earp (Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp), later U.S. Marshal, was born the son of a Sheriff in Monmouth, Illinois. He fought at the Gunfight at the OK Corral and Paula Mitchell Marks later wrote "And Die in the West," an account of the incident.
    (HN, 3/19/98)(SFEC, 4/12/98, BR p.7)(CHA, 1/2001)

1851        Jan 28, Northwestern University, near Chicago, was chartered.
    (MC, 1/28/02)

1851        The Illinois Central Railroad was formed.
    (SFC, 3/31/00, p.A8)

1854        Oct 4, Abraham Lincoln made his 1st political speech at Illinois State Fair.
    (MC, 10/4/01)

1854        Oct 16, Abraham Lincoln delivered a speech in Peoria, Ill., part of a series against legislation proposed by Sen. Stephen Douglas that would allow settlers to decide the status of slavery in Kansas and Nebraska. In 2008 Lewis E. Lehrman authored “Lincoln at Peoria: The Turning Point."
    (WSJ, 7/26/08, p.W9)

1856        John Bennet, a wealthy Illinois farmer, started a little town he named Judson. The town closed down after a few years when nearby Grant, begun by Clinton C. Campbell, was selected as a railroad depot. Grant was later renamed Grant Park.
    (SFC, 7/15/03, p.A2)

1858        Jun 16, In a speech accepting the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate in Springfield, Ill., Senate candidate Abraham Lincoln said the slavery issue had to be resolved, declaring, "A house divided against itself cannot stand."
    (AP, 6/16/98)(HN, 6/16/98)

1858        Jul 24, During the Illinois senatorial campaign Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln challenged Democrat Steven Douglas to a series of joint debates, which covered the slavery controversy and its impact on the nation. The debates illuminated the positions of Lincoln and Douglas on slavery, which Lincoln regarded as "a moral, a social and a political wrong," while Douglas evaded the moral issue. Even though Lincoln narrowly won the popular vote, Douglas prevailed in the state legislature 54-41 and thus the election. The debates propelled Lincoln to national prominence.
    (HNPD, 9/4/99)(AP, 7/24/08)

1858        Aug 21, The first of seven debates between Illinois senatorial contenders Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas took place in Ottowa, Ill. Douglas went on to win the Senate seat in November, but Lincoln gains national visibility for the first time. Douglas stated in the 1st debate: "I believe this government was made on the white basis. I believe it was made by white men for the benefit of white men and their posterity forever, and I am in favor of confining citizenship to white men."
    (WSJ, 3/3/00, p.W11)(HN, 8/21/00)(AP, 8/21/08)

1858        Aug 27, The 2nd of 7 of the Lincoln-Douglas debates in the 1858 Illinois senatorial race of took place in Freeport, Ill. Stephen Douglas formulated what became known as the Freeport Doctrine, which stated that the people of a territory could, by lawful means, exclude slavery prior to the formulation of a state constitution. Douglas first pronounced it in response to a question posed by Lincoln as to how Douglas could reconcile the doctrine of "popular sovereignty" with the Dred Scott decision.
    (HNQ, 6/4/99)(ON, 4/08, p.2)

1858        Sep 15, The third debate between senatorial candidates Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas was held in Jonesboro, Ill.
    (AP, 9/15/08)

1858        Sep 18, Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas held the fourth of their senatorial debates, this one in Charleston, Ill.
    (AP, 9/18/08)

1858        Oct 7, Lincoln and Douglas held their 5th debate in Galesburg, Ill., on the Knox College campus.
    (SFEM, 10/29/00, p.8)(ON, 4/08, p.2)

1858        Oct 13, The sixth debate between senatorial candidates Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas took place in Quincy, Ill.
    (AP, 10/13/08)

1858        Oct 15, The seventh and final debate between senatorial candidates Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas took place in Alton, Ill.
    (ON, 4/08, p.2)(AP, 10/15/08)

1858        Nov 2, In Illinois Abraham Lincoln won 4,085 more popular votes for the Senate than did Sen. Stephen Douglas; however Illinois senators were elected by the state legislatures and Douglas won reelection there by 8 votes.
    (ON, 4/08, p.3)

1860        Nov 6, Former Illinois congressman Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th US president. He defeated three other candidates, John Breckinridge, John Bell and Stephen Douglas. He won the US presidential elections with a majority of the electoral votes in a 4-way race. Lincoln became the first president elected from the new Republican Party. Following his election South Carolina seceded from the Union followed by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas. Hannibal Hamlin was his vice-president. Lincoln was fatally shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C., on April 14, 1865. In 1996 a new biography of Abraham Lincoln by David Donald was published.
    (WSJ, 2/10/95, p.A-8)(SFC, 9/1/96, Par. p.12)(WSJ, 9/19/97, p.A13) (AP, 2/12/98)(SFC, 12/21/98, p.A3)(AP, 11/6/08)(SFC, 4/30/99, p.E9)

1861        Nov 9, During the Civil War, soldiers of the Illinois 11th, 18th, and 29th Regiments, after forcing the Confederates south, set up camp in Bloomfield, Missouri. Upon finding the newspaper office empty, they decided to print a newspaper for their expedition, relating the troop's activities. They called it the Stars and Stripes.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stars_and_Stripes_(newspaper))

1862        May, Union Colonel Benjamin H. Grierson was commissioned a major in the 6th Illinois Cavalry. He proved to be an excellent cavalry leader despite his prewar experience as a music teacher who hated horses. Grierson had traveled to various small towns organizing amateur bands. When the war began, the Midwesterner enlisted as a private in the infantry. He very much wanted to do his share of the fighting on foot; while a child, he had been kicked in the face by a horse and still harbored a severe dislike for the equine creatures. This was not to be. A man with little military training or experience--and a pronounced dislike of horses--would soon prove to be one of the most skilled cavalry leaders of the war. His raids in early 1863 greatly helped Grant’s army in the siege of Vicksburg.
    (HN, 6/28/01)

1865        Feb 1, Lincoln's home state of Illinois became the first to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment abolishing slavery throughout the United States.
(HNPD, 2/1/99)

1865         May 3,    President Lincoln's funeral train arrived in Springfield, Illinois.
    (HN, 5/3/98)

1865        May 4, Abraham Lincoln was buried in a temporary tomb in Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield, Illinois.
    (SFEC, 3/22/98, p.T4)(www.state.il.us/HPA/hs/Tomb.htm)

1865        Jul 21, Wild Bill Hickok killed gunman Dave Tutt in Springfield, Illinois, in the first formal quick-draw duel.
    (HN, 7/21/98)

1866        The veteran organization Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was formed in Springfield, Illinois, in 1866. The patriotic organization of U.S. Civil War veterans who served in Federal forces was formed to protect the interests of the veterans. The GAR had a peak membership of more than 400,000 in 1890 and was a powerful political influence. The organization was dissolved in 1956.
    (HNQ, 8/30/98)

1867        Willis Polk (d.1924) was born and grew up in Jacksonville, Ill. He later became an acclaimed architect in California.
    (Ind, 2/9/02, 5A)

1868        Mar 2, University of Illinois opened.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1868        Frederick Law Olmsted began laying out the planned Riverside community outside Chicago over 1,600 acres of Illinois prairie.
    (WSJ, 5/25/99, p.A26)

1868        Gustav and Albert Goelitz, German emigrants, started the Goelitz candy business in Illinois. The company later moved to California and invented the all natural Jelly Belly jelly bean in 1976.
    (SFC, 8/11/99, Z1 p.3)

1870        Jun 30, Ada H. Kepley of Effingham, Ill., became America's first female law school graduate.
    (AP, 6/30/97)

1871        Sep 19, President Abraham Lincoln's body was transferred to a partially completed permanent tomb at Springfield, Il.
    (www.state.il.us/HPA/hs/Tomb.htm)

1871        Tad Lincoln (18), son of Abraham Lincoln, died. Pneumonia was suspected.
    (SSFC, 3/20/05, Par p.2)

1871        Haeger Potteries of Dundee, Ill., dates to this time.
    (SFC, 1/4/06, p.G2)

1872        Mar 22, Illinois became 1st state to require sexual equality in employment.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1873        Oct 27, Farmer Joseph F. Glidden applied for a patent on barbed wire. Glidden eventually received five patents and is generally considered the inventor of barbed wire. [see Nov 24, 1874] Joseph Glidden and Isaac Ellwood formed a company in De Kalb, Illinois to manufacture barbed wire, an essential product of old West. Patents on barbed wire were granted as early as 1867, but Glidden was the first to devise a commercially viable way of producing it after seeing a sample of barbed wire at a fair in 1873. Glidden and Ellwood’s product greatly increased the use of barbed wire to protect crops and livestock from roaming cattle. Open ranges dramatically dwindled in the face of new fencing over the next two decades.
    (HN, 10/27/98)(HNQ, 2/12/01)

1874        Nov 24, Farmer Joseph Glidden's patent for barbed wire was granted. Glidden designed a simple wire barb that attached to a double-strand wire, as well as a machine to mass-produce the wire. The invention was a welcome alternative to other types of fencing for farming on the arid Great Plains--wood fences and stone walls were difficult to construct because of the lack of sufficient rocks and trees, and the existing wire fences were easily broken when cattle leaned against them. The use of barbed-wire fences changed ranching and farming life. Farmers could keep roaming cattle and sheep off their land, but open-range cowboys and Native American farmers were restricted to the land and resources not claimed and marked by the new fences. As more settlers moved onto the plains, the amount of public, shared land decreased and open-range farming became obsolete.
    (HNPD, 11/23/98)(HN, 11/24/98)

1880        George M. Pullman established his own industrial community at Lake Calumet, south of Chicago.
    (SFC, 7/1/98, Z1 p.6)

1883        The factory of the Racine Silver Plate Co. re-opened in Rockford, Ill and was re-named the Rockford Silver Plate Co. Its factory in Racine had burned down in 1882.
    (SFC,11/26/97, Z1 p.7)

1884        J.P. Newburg built a 500-foot-long greased oak track on a 100-foot cliff above Illinois’ Rock River and launched a flat-bottomed boat down it. The popularity of the ride led Newburg to open a version in Chicago.
    (SFC, 12/24/16, p.C2)

1885        Arcade Manufacturing Co. of Freeport, Ill., began as a manufacturer of industrial castings and household items. It introduced toys in the 1890s and by the 1920s was a major manufacturer of high-quality cast-iron toys.
    (SFC, 5/17/06, p.G5)

1886        Josephine Garis Cochrane (d.1913), a housewife from Shelbyville, Ill., patented the first dishwashing machine. She named it the Garis-Cochran Dishwashing Machine in honor of her father and late husband.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R14)(ON, 4/00, p.12)

1887        Apr 10, President Abraham Lincoln was re-buried with his wife in Springfield, Il.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1887        William D. Gates founded the American Terra Cotta and Ceramic Co. (Gates Potteries) in Terra Cotta, Ill. The company was sold in 1930 and renamed American Terra Cotta Co. It closed in 1966.
    (SFC, 5/9/07, p.G7)

1892        Feb 12, Illinois made President Lincoln's birthday a state holiday. Other states followed suit over the years.
    (AP, 3/9/05)

1894        Feb 14, Jack Benny (d.1974), comedian, radio and television performer... and violinist, was born as Benjamin Kubelsky in Waukegan, Ill: "Age is strictly a case of mind over matter. If you don't mind, it doesn't matter."
    (HN, 2/14/01)(AP, 2/14/08)

1894        May 11, Workers at the Pullman Palace Car Company in Illinois went on strike. Pullman had cut wages due to the recession but left high rents in his company town. Mail cars were coupled to Pullman cars and Pres. Cleveland ordered federal troops onto the trains to insure the delivery of mail. Illinois Gov. John Peter Altgeld opposed Cleveland’s plans. 34 union workers were killed when federal troops intervened. [see Jun 26]
    (AP, 5/11/97)(SFC, 12/3/98, p.A3)(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A17)

1894        Jun 26, The American Railway Union with 125,000 workers, led by Eugene Debs, called a general strike in sympathy with Pullman workers that blocked freight traffic in and out of Chicago. [see May 11]
    (AP, 6/26/97)(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A17)

1894        The Decatur Fairest Wheel Works of Decatur, Ill., made its first "Fairest Wheel," a glass wheel with a wood framed glass coin box that dispensed cigars for coins.
    (SFC, 3/31/99, Z1 p.6)

1896        Nov 6, Jim Jordan, radio comedian (Fibber McGee), was born in Peoria, Il.
    (MC, 11/6/01)

1896        Jul 7, The Democratic National Convention opened in Chicago. The National Democratic Party formed to run a slate of candidates in 1896 because the Democratic Party had been taken over by the free-silver faction, which called for the free and unlimited coinage of silver at the 16 to 1 ratio. They also condemned trusts, monopolies, high protective tariffs and the use of injunctions against labor. The "sound money" or gold Democrats withdrew from the party convention, organized the National Democratic Party and nominated John M.  Palmer of Illinois its presidential candidate. The gold plank in the Republican Party caused a similar split, with free-silver Republicans bolting the party and forming the National Silver Republicans, who endorsed the Democratic Party candidate for president, William Jennings Bryan. Republican William McKinley won the presidential election.
    (AP, 7/7/97)(HNQ, 8/23/99)

1896        Jun 8, William Jennings Bryan propelled himself to presidential candidacy when he stood before the Democratic Convention and made his famous "Cross of Gold" speech. The paramount issue in the 1896 presidential election was one of economics—the U.S. government promised to pay the holder of one dollar bill one dollar in gold. Democrats, farmers and westerners demanded that the government redeem paper money in silver as well, while Republicans and easterners protested that this policy would destroy the economy. It was on this dull, technical issue that 36-year-old William Jennings Bryan, a former congressman from Nebraska, launched his national political career. When he made his "Cross of Gold" speech, the Democrats had no strong presidential candidate. His dramatic words—"You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns; you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold!"—electrified his audience and resulted in his nomination for president in 1896. [see Jul 9]
    (HNQ, 6/8/98)(MC, 7/8/02)

1899        Feb 20, Illinois Tel & Tel was granted a franchise for a Chicago freight tunnel system.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1899        Jul 21, Ernest Hemingway (d.1961), American novelist and short-story writer, was born in Oak Park, Ill. "Never confuse motion with action."
    (AP, 7/21/97)(HN, 7/21/98)(AP, 11/21/98)

1900        Feb 2, Six cities, Boston, Detroit, Milwaukee, Baltimore, Chicago and St. Louis agreed to form baseball's American League.
    (HN, 2/2/99)

1900        Apr 30, Engineer John Luther "Casey" Jones of the Illinois Central Railroad was killed in a Cannonball Express wreck near Vaughan, Miss., after staying at the controls in an effort to save the passengers.
    (AP, 4/30/99)

1903        Dec 19, Heinrich Lienhard (b.1822), Swiss immigrant to the United States, died in Illinois. His reminiscences for the years 1822 to 1850 are an important historical source re California Trail and Sutter's Fort in California from 1846 to 1850.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinrich_Lienhard)

1906        The Illinois Cabinet Co. was founded. It was later purchased by General Electric, renamed to Illinois Cabinet Works, and used to make cabinets for GE television sets.
    (SFC, 10/17/07, p.G2)

1907        Aug 21, Dr. Roy K. Marshall, TV scientist (Nature of Things), was born in Glen Carbon, Ill.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1908        Apr 2, Buddy Ebsen (d.2003), actor-dancer, was born in Belleville, Ill. He played Jed Clampett in the popular television series The Beverly Hillbillies.
    (AP, 4/2/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddy_Ebsen)

1908        Aug 8, Arthur J. Goldberg (d.1990), labor lawyer, UN ambassador, Supreme Court justice (1962-65), was born in, Chicago, Illinois. He was instrumental in the merger of the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations.
    (HN, 8/8/98)(AP, 8/8/08)

1908        Aug 14, A race war broke out in Springfield, Illinois. Angry over reports that a black man had sexually assaulted a white woman, a white mob wanted to take a recently arrested suspect from the city jail and kill him. Most blacks had fled the city, but as the mob swept through the area, they captured and lynched a black barber, Scott Burton, who had stayed behind to protect his home. Rioting continued the next day leaving a total of two blacks and 5 whites dead and hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of property destroyed. Some 4,000 state militiamen were required to quell the riot, which helped inspire the creation of the NAACP the following year.
    (www.lib.niu.edu/1996/iht329622.html)(AP, 8/14/08)(WSJ, 1/20/08, p.A12)

1908        Aug 30, Actor Fred MacMurray (d.1991) was born in Kankakee, Ill.
    (AP, 8/30/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fred_MacMurray)

1908        Nov 12, Harry Blackmun (d.1999), later Supreme Court Justice, was born in Nashville, Ill., and grew up in St. Paul, Minn.
    (SFC, 3/5/99, p.A15)(AP, 11/12/08)

1909        Jun 14, Burl Ives, folk singer, actor (Cat on a Hot Tin Roof), was born in Hunt, Ill.
    (MC, 6/14/02)

1911        Feb 6, Ronald Reagan was born in Tampico, Illinois. Reagan went on to become a film actor, governor of California (1967-1975) and the 40th president of the United States (1981-1989) and was credited with ending the Cold War.
    (HN, 2/6/99)(HNQ, 8/20/99)

1911        Sep 29, Walter Brookins set an American record by flying 192 miles from Chicago to Springfield, Ill., making two stops.
    (NPub, 2002, p.8)

1912        Nov 25, American College of Surgeons incorporated in Springfield, Ill.
    (MC, 11/25/01)

1912        A tornado struck Grant Park, Illinois, and destroyed the town. 2 local mansions were spared.
    (SFC, 7/15/03, p.A2)

1913        Strombeck-Becker Manufacturing Co. of Moline Illinois was incorporated by J.F. Strombeck and R.D. Becker. They made wooden handles and tent poles and expanded into toys in 1919 and dollhouse furniture in 1931. In 1962 the company dropped out of the toy business.
    (SFC, 8/20/08, p.G4)

1915        Sep 11, Sir William Cornelius Van Horne, former president of the CPR, died in Montreal. His mansion was on Minister’s Island in New Brunswick, Canada. The American-born Van Horne had managed the construction of Canada’s transcontinental railway (1881-1886). Van Horne was buried in Joliet, Ill.
    (SFEC, 5/25/97, p.T7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Cornelius_Van_Horne)

1917        May 26, Up to eight separate tornadoes cut a path of destruction for nearly 300 miles across Illinois and Indiana.
    (SFC, 5/26/09, p.D8)

1917        Jul 2, Race riots erupted in East St. Louis, Illinois. The official death toll was put at 48, but as many as 200 were believed killed. In 1964 Elliott M. Rudwick authored Race Riot at East St. Louis, July 2, 1917." In 2008 Harper Barnes authored “Never Been a Time: The 1917 Race Riot That Sparked the Civil Rights Movement."
    (SFC, 7/18/08, p.E3)(www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=54020510)

1919        Dec 19, The Thimble Theatre cartoon strip, by Elzie Segar (1894-1938) of Chesater, Ill., made its debut in the New York Journal and featured the characters Olive Oyl, Castor Oyl, and Ham Gravy, who were the comic's leads for about a decade. Segar added Popeye in 1929.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E.C._Segar)

1919        The Winnetka Plan was a widely-imitated approach to elementary education developed in Winnetka, Illinois. The curriculum, which emphasized individualized learning, was divided into two sections: common essentials and creative activities. In the common essentials section, the pupil was able to advance upon mastering the material. In the creative section, which included music, art, and physical activities, pupils could learn as much or as little as they wanted.
    (HNQ, 12/7/00)

1920        Mar 17, John La Montaine, composer (Pulitzer 1959), was born in Oak Park, Ill.
    (MC, 3/17/02)

1920        Apr 20, John Paul Stevens, 103rd Supreme Court Justice (1975-), was born in Illinois.
    (MC, 4/20/02)

1920-1928    The Reagan family settled in Dixon, Ill., and Ronald Reagan attended Dixon Northside High School.
    (SSFC, 6/6/04, A12)

1922        W. Clement Stone (1902-2002) began his Combined Registry & Co., an insurance operation, in Chicago, Illinois with $100. In 1987 it was renamed Aon Corp. By the time of his death Combined Int’l. had grown to a $2 billion concern.
    (SSFC, 7/16/06, p.D1)(www.combined.com/2130_history.html)

1925        Mar 18, The great Tri-State Tornado killed 695 people in Illinois, Indiana and Missouri and injured some 13,000 people, and causing $17 million in property damage. Several other destructive tornadoes in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Indiana, as well as tornadoes in Alabama and Kansas brought the total to at least 747 dead.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tri-State_Tornado)(SSFC, 5/11/03, Par p.A11)(AP, 5/24/11)

1925        Nov 17, Actor Rock Hudson was born in Winnetka, Ill.
    (AP, 11/17/97)

1925        The Rockford Silver Plate Co. was sold to Raymond Sheets and was re-named to Sheets-Rockford Silver Plate Co.
    (SFC,11/26/97, Z1 p.7)

1926        May 25, Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter, was born in Alton, IL. He is considered the prophet of the "cool" school. His albums included The Birth of Cool and Miles Ahead.
    (HN, 5/25/99)(SC, 5/25/02)

1926        Sep 15, Bobby Short, singer and pianist (Carlisle Hotel), was born in Danville, Ill.
    (HN, 9/15/00)(www.delafont.com/music_acts/bobby-short.htm)

1926        A collection of US roads from Chicago to Los Angeles were improved and formed what would be designated as US 66. It was later replaced by 3 interstates, I-55 in Illinois, I-44 in Missouri and Oklahoma, and I-40 to LA. Route 66 was decertified in 1985. In 2006 Arthur Krim authored “Route 66: Iconography of the American Highway."
    (WSJ, 6/17/06, p.P8)

1926        The town of Monsanto was founded in southeast Illinois by Monsanto Corp. as a tax and regulation-free dumping location. The name was changed to Sauget in the 1970s, after Leo Sauget, the first town president. The area was later identified as one of the most polluted communities in the region. In 1992 the rock band Uncle Tupelo produced the song “Sauget Wind," which included the verse They’re poisoning the air / For personal wealth…"
    (WSJ, 10/3/06, p.A1)

1927        May 24, The final levee breach of the 1927 flood occurred at McCrea, Louisiana, on the east bank of the Atchafalaya levee. The flood along the Mississippi killed some 500 people and displaced thousands. The levee system broke in 145 places and caused 27,000 square miles of flooding in Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi and Tennessee. In 1997 the book "Rising Tide" by John M. Barry described the catastrophe. It was also the subject of the Randy Newman song "Louisiana 1927."
    (www.rms.com/publications/1927_MississippiFlood.pdf)(WSJ, 2/6/97, p.A12)(SFC, 11/28/03, p.C7)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A7)(WSJ, 11/2/05, p.A2)(Econ, 5/21/11, p.30)

1929        Jan 17, The first Popeye character appeared in the NY Journal Thimble Theater cartoon strip by Elzie Segar  (1894-1938) of Chester, Ill.
    (WSJ, 10/15/96, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E.C._Segar)

1930        Feb 15, Wenona beat Toluca in an Illinois Basketball Tournament in 10 overtimes.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)(www.illinoishsglorydays.com/id36.html)

1930s        Hubley Manufacturing of Lancaster, Pa., made cast-iron toys that later became valued as collectibles. The Arcade Manuf. Co. of Freeport, Ill., also made similar toys.
    (SFC, 1/28/98, Z1 p.3)

1932        Jan 6, Julius Rosenwald (b.1862), president of Sears, Roebuck & Co., died in Highland Park, Ill. By 1931 he had financed the construction of 5,295 schools throughout the South in association with Booker T. Washington and William Baldwin Jr., a Boston railway executive and founder of the Urban League. In 2015 Aviva Kemper directed the film documentary “Rosenwald".
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julius_Rosenwald)(WSJ, 2/24/98, p.A22)(WSJ, 4/23/02, p.D7)(SFC, 9/11/15, p.E4)

1932        Federal charges were brought against Samuel Insull, who had bribed lawmakers and the Illinois Power Commission to prevent local governments from generating their own power. His investors lost over $1 billion. Insull fled the country, was extradited, tried and acquitted of all charges.
    (SSFC, 7/14/02, p.G2)

1932        Ronald Reagan graduated from Eureka College in Eureka, Ill. He majored in economics and sociology and served as student body president.
    (SSFC, 6/6/04, A12)

1935        Jan 10, Sherrill Milnes, baritone (Scarpia, Rigoletto), was born in Hinsdale, Illinois.
    (MC, 1/10/02)

1935        The state legislature outlawed "English" and designated "the American language" as the official tongue of the state.
    (SFC, 4/15/00, p.D3)

1937        Mar 24, A bus blew a tire, went out of control and 18 people were killed in Salem, Illinois.
    (MC, 3/24/02)

1938        Aug 28, The first degree given to a ventriloquist’s dummy is awarded to Charlie McCarthy—Edgar Bergen’s wooden partner. The honorary degree, "Master of Innuendo and Snappy Comeback," was presented on radio by Ralph Dennis, the dean of the School of Speech at Northwestern University.
    (HN, 8/28/00)

1942        Mar 17, John Wayne Gacy, serial killer (32 boys), was born in Chicago, Ill.
    (MC, 3/17/02)

1942        Oct 31, David Ogden Stiers, actor (Winchester-M*A*S*H, Doc), was born in Peoria, Ill.
    (MC, 10/31/01)

1942        Gertrude Scharff Goldhaber (d.1998 at 86), research physicist at the Univ. of Illinois, discovered that spontaneous fission is associated with the emission of neutrons.
    (SFC, 2/7/98, p.21)

1944        Oct 28, Dennis Franz, actor (NYPD Blue), was born in Maywood, Ill.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dennis_Franz)

1946        Feb 4, The first Mormons left Nauvoo, Ill., and crossed the Mississippi River heading toward Utah.
    (AH, 2/06, p.14)

1946        Apr 25, A train crash at Napierville, Illinois, killed 45-48. The "Exposition Flyer" was rammed.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1947        Apr 16, Carol Mosely Braun, later US Senator for Illinois (1992-1998), was born in Chicago.
    (SFC, 1/14/04, p.A2)

1948        Paul Simon (19) borrowed $3,600 and bought a failing newspaper in Troy, Illinois. He sold his group of 14 newspapers in 1966 and went on to became a US Senator.
    (SFC, 12/10/03, p.A2)

1949        Apr 5, The 60 year old St. Anthony's Hospital burned and killed 77 in Effingham, Ill.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1951        Aug 11, The Mississippi River flooded some 100,000 acres in Ks, Okla, Mo and Ill.
    (MC, 8/11/02)

1951        Ludwig Mies van der Rohe designed the modernist Farnsworth House in Plano, Ill. The one-story space was walled on all sides by glass and is considered one of the greatest private houses of the 20th century. In 2003 it was purchased by preservationists at auction for $7.5 million.
    (WSJ, 5/23/01, p.A24)(SSFC, 12/14/03, p.A2)

1952        In Mattoon Gene Hoots bought the Frigid Queen ice cream shop from his uncle. He expanded the business with hamburgers in 1954 and coined the named Burger King with a registered state trademark. He later lost a suit against the Florida Burger King chain whose federal trademark was ruled to hold priority. However the courts ruled that the franchise could not open within 20 miles of the Mattoon restaurant.
    (SFC, 8/19/98, p.B2)

1953        Dec 9, John Malkovich, actor and director (Killing Fields), was born in Christopher, Ill.
    (MC, 12/9/01)

1955        Apr 15, Ray Kroc acquired the McDonald’s chain of fast food restaurants. He was a food service equipment salesman who owned the national marketing rights to the milk-shake mixers used at the chain. He purchased the chain from Richard (d.1998 at 89) and Maurice McDonald (d.1971) who started the operation in California in 1948. Kroc built his first restaurant in Des Plains, Illinois, and later established his world headquarters and a company museum there.
    (WSJ, 5/30/97, p.A1)(HN, 4/15/98)(SFC, 7/15/98, p.A20)

1955        Jun 27, 1st automobile seat belt legislation was enacted in Illinois.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1956        Edwina Froehlich (1915-2008) co-founded the La Leche League in Franklin Park, a suburb of Chicago, to promote the breast-feeding of babies.
    (WSJ, 6/14/08, p.A7)

1957        Dec 3, Maria Ridulph (7) disappeared while playing in Sycamore, Illinois. In April, 1958, two people foraging for mushrooms found her remains. In 2011 prosecutors in Sycamore charged Jack Daniel McCullough (71), a former police officer, in the abduction of Ridulph after an ex-girlfriend's discovery of an unused train ticket blew a hole in his alibi. At the time, McCullough's name was John Tessier. On Sep 14, 2012, McCullough was convicted of the murder. On Dec 9 McCullough was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 7/3/11)(AP, 9/14/12)(AP, 12/11/12)

1960        Aug 18, Enovid 10, the 1st commercial oral contraceptive, debuted in Skokie, Ill.
    (MC, 8/18/02)

1961        Fred Turner (1933-2013), operations manager for McDonald’s Corp., founded Hamburger University in a restaurant basement in Elk Grove, Illinois.
    (Econ, 1/26/12, p.82)

1961-1968     Otto Kerner (1908-1976) served as governor of Illinois. It was later learned that he had accepted bribes in the form of racetrack shares.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_Kerner,_Jr.)(Econ, 6/6/15, p.24)

1962        Joseph Lyford (1918-1992), Chicago-born author, studied the inner workings of Vandalia, Ill., and published the book-length report “The Talk in Vandalia." He became a journalism teacher in California and died in Orinda, Ca.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ayxfwmj)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.42)

1963        J.L. Wade (1913-2007) built his first purple martin bird houses in Griggsville, Illinois. In 1965 he authored “What You Should Know About the Purple Martin," which became a bestseller among ornithologists. Wade claimed that each bird ate some 2,000 mosquitoes per day.
    (WSJ, 6/23/07, p.A8)

1964        Aug 15, A race riot took place in Dixmoor, a suburb of Chicago, Ill.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1966        Jul 24, Oakland-born golfer Tony Lema (32), while flying with his wife Betty to an exhibition match in Chicago, Illinois, crashed on the seventh hole of a golf course in Lansing, Illinois, after their chartered twin-engine Beechcraft Bonanza ran out of fuel. All four people on board were killed.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Lema)

1966        Aug 27, There was a race riot in Waukegan, Illinois.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1966        In Kenilworth, Illinois, Valerie Percy (21), one of the twin daughters of Senator Charles Percy, was murdered during a suspected robbery. No one was ever arrested.
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, Par p.4)

1967        Apr 21, Northern Illinois was struck by 17 tornadoes, including several in the Chicago metropolitan area. One violent tornado moved through Belvidere (east of Rockford), killing 24 people and injuring another 450, including 13 deaths at the local high school. Damage to Belvidere totaled about $20 million, including destruction of 400 cars at the local Chrysler plant.  A second violent tornado touched down in Elgin and moved northeast to Lake Zurich, causing $10 million damage. A third violent tornado touched down near Palos Hills and moved across the south side of Chicago to Lake Michigan. This tornado struck during Friday rush hour, and many of the 33 deaths and 500 injuries occurred in vehicles stopped at traffic lights. Over $50 million damage was reported from the tornado outbreak.
    (www.crh.noaa.gov/ilx/trivia/aprtriv.php)

1967        Jun 5, Murderer Richard Speck (1941-1991) was sentenced to death in electric chair for the murder of 8 student nurses on July 14, 1966. The Illinois Supreme Court upheld his conviction and death sentence on November 22, 1968.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Speck)

1967        Jul 17, Race riots took place in Cairo, Illinois.
    (MC, 7/17/02)

1967        The US Supreme Court capped Illinois’s diversion of water from Lake Michigan at 2.1 billion gallons each day.
    (Econ, 5/15/10, p.36)

1968        May 3, A Black Student Sit-In at the Bursar's Office began. It lasted for 38 hours, after the Northwestern University refused to accede to the demands of For Members Only, the black undergraduate student group.
    (www.library.northwestern.edu/archives/onthisday/2009/05/)

1968        Sep 6, Feminists protesting outside the Miss America pageant in Atlantic City, N.J., tossed articles including cosmetics, girdles and bras into a trash can ostensibly for burning, although nothing was actually set on fire. Miss Illinois Judith Ford won the pageant.
    (AP, 9/7/08)

1968        Gwendolyn Brooks (d.2000), African-American poet, became the poet laureate of Illinois.
    (SFC, 12/4/00, p.E3)

1968        Paul Simon won election as lieutenant governor of Illinois.
    (SFC, 12/10/03, p.A2)

1968        Capital punishment was restored by the state.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.A8)

c1968-1969    James F. Phillips (d.2001 at 70) began engaging in environmental activism in the Fox Valley area of Illinois after he found dead ducks in the Fox River. He was later described as the 1st notorious eco-saboteur.
    (SFC, 10/25/01, p.A25)

1969        Sep 7, Senate Republican leader Everett McKinley Dirksen (b.1896) of Illinois, ("The Wizard of Ooze") died at 73 in Washington, D.C.
    (AP, 9/7/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Everett_Dirksen)

1970        Oct 10, Former Illinois Secretary of State Paul Powell (b.1902) died. Investigators soon found nearly half a million dollars in cash and checks, from unsuspecting drivers paying for their license plates, crammed into shoe boxes inside his hotel room.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Powell_(politician))

1970        Nov 3, King Peter II Karadjordjevic of Yugoslavia died in a hospital in Denver, Colorado. He had been forced into exile three weeks after his country was invaded by Nazi Germany. He was buried in the Liberty Easter Serbian Orthodox Monastery in Liberty, Illinois. He was the 1st European king or queen to die and be buried in the US. In 2013 his remains, and those of his wife, mother and brother, were interred in the family tomb at St. George church in Oplenac, central Serbia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_II_of_Yugoslavia)(AP, 5/26/13)

1972        John Wayne Gacy began to lure young men and boys to his home in Chicago for sex, then tortured and strangled them. He was arrested in 1978.
    (SFEC, 11/22/98, p.A2)

1972        The Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Fermilab, near Chicago was completed for $235 million under the direction of Robert Rathbun Wilson (d.2000 at 85). It was capable of accelerating protons to 400 billion electron volts.
    (SFC, 1/22/00, p.A21)

1974        Apr 3, A series of 148 deadly tornadoes struck wide parts of the South and Midwest before jumping across the border into Canada; some 330 people were killed in 13 states: Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. Total property damage was estimated at $600 million. In 2007 Mark Levine authored “F5: Devastation, Survival, and the Most Violent Tornado Outbreak of the 20th Century."
    (AP, 4/3/99)(WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A7)(WSJ, 6/16/07, p.P10)

1976        Oct, William George Bundy (b.1957), construction worker, disappeared in Cook County, Ill. Bones of 33 men and boys were found in late 1978 under the home of John Wayne Gacy (1942-1994). In 2011 authorities identified Bundy’s bones among those found under Gacy’s Chicago house.
    (SFC, 11/30/11, p.A12)(http://tinyurl.com/7s5utyc)

1976        Henry Hyde (1924-2007), freshman Congressman from Illinois, sponsored an amendment to cut federal funding for abortions by women on Medicaid.
    (Econ, 4/23/05, p.32)(SFC, 11/30/07, p.A6)

1977        Jun 27, Illinois reinstated the capital punishment.
    (www.illinois.gov/PressReleases/ShowPressRelease.cfm?RecNum=1875&SubjectID=45)

1978        Jan 27, The State Supreme Court ruled that Nazis can display the Swastika in a march in Skokie, Illinois.
    (HN, 1/27/99)

1978        May 25, A package bomb injured Terry Marker, a Northwestern Univ. security guard. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.4)

1978        Jun 22, Neo-Nazis called off plans to march in the Jewish community of  Skokie, Ill.
    (www.lib.niu.edu/ipo/1978/ii781111.html)

1978        Dec 21, Police in Des Plaines, Ill., arrested John W. Gacy Jr. and began unearthing the remains of 33 men and boys that Gacy was later convicted of murdering. 27 bodies were found under his house, 2 in the back yard and 4 were fished out of the nearby Des Plaines River. He was executed in 1994.
    (SFEC, 11/22/98, p.A2)(AP, 12/21/98)

1979        May 25, 275 people died in America's worst domestic air disaster when an American Airlines DC-10 crashed during takeoff at Chicago's O'Hare International Airport.
    (AP, 5/25/97)

1980        Jun 10, A package bomb injured United Airlines Pres. Percy Wood at his home in Lake Forest, Ill. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.4)(www.courttv.com/trials/unabomber/bombings.html)

1980        Apr 5, Eleven Puerto Rican FALN members were arrested for attempting to rob an armored truck at Northwestern University; three were linked to the raid on the Carter-Mondale campaign headquarters. Several of those arrested were granted clemency in 1999.
    (WSJ, 9/14/99, p.A22)

1980        Aug 8, In Rantoul, Illinois, Brianna Stickle (3) was found raped and killed. In 2012 Andre Davis (50) was released after spending 32 years in jail. DNA evidence taken at the scene was found to not be his.
    (SSFC, 7/8/12, p.A7)

1980        Peoples Gas was renamed Peoples Energy Corp. and operated as the holding company for two local utilities. It had started as Chicago Gas in 1855.
    (www.utfleets.com/issues/article/?articleid=00000050)(WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)

1981        Aug 6, Five people were killed and one seriously injured when a hot air balloon caught fire after touching electrical wires and crashed in a suburb of Chicago.
    (AP, 2/26/13)

1983        Feb 25, A 10-year-old girl, Jeanine Nicarico of Naperville in DuPage County, Ill., was raped and murdered. Rolando Cruz was convicted and served 10 years on death row before a sheriff's officer recanted on his story and exonerated Cruz. In 1999 7 prosecutors and sheriff's deputies went on trial on charges of conspiracy to frame an innocent man. Cruz, a small-time criminal, started out as an informant in the case. Charges against 2 prosecutors were dismissed and 4 sheriff's officers and a prosecutor were acquitted in 1999. In 2005 convicted killer Brian Dugan was indicted by a DuPage County grand jury, a full decade after an expert concluded DNA evidence linked him to the crime.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A6)(SFC, 4/7/99, p.A5)(SFC, 6/5/99, p.A7)(AP, 2/25/06)

1983        Oct 22, In Marion, Ill., 2 handcuffed inmates at the federal prison killed 2 guards in separate incidents. This led to permanent lockdown at Marion, the beginning of the ADX prison, administrative maximum.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.A3,4)

1983        The US House censured Reps. Gerry Studds of Massachusetts and Daniel B. Crane of Illinois for having sexual relations with pages. Studds, a liberal Democrat who acknowledged having sex with a 17-year-old male page in 1973 and making sexual advances to two others, admitted an error in judgment but did not apologize. The first openly gay member of Congress went on to win re-election until his retirement in the mid-1990s. Crane admitted having sex several times with a 17-year-old female page in 1980. He apologized to the House in a quavering voice "for the shame I have brought down on this institution." The conservative Republican was defeated a year later.
    (AP, 9/30/06)

1984        Mar 2, One of the first McDonald's franchises was closed in Des Plaines, IL.
    (http://tinyurl.com/28tp6z)

1984        May 17, A federal bailout of $4.5 billion kept the Continental Illinois Bank afloat. The 7th biggest US bank’s loss of half its funds overnight led to America’s return to strict capital requirements. Fed chairman Paul Volcker lent $8 billion through the discount window and endorsed the bailout of uninsured depositors. CIB was later sold to BankAmerica.
    (WSJ, 9/24/98, p.A16)(Econ, 5/20/06, Survey p.12)(http://tinyurl.com/358vwv)

1984        Oct 31, In Decatur, Illinois, 2 young girls were assaulted and killed. In 2009 DNA evidence revealed that Melvin Johnson (d.2003) was the murderer.
    (SFC, 2/12/09, p.A4)

1984        Illinois voters elected Paul Simon to the US Senate.
    (SFC, 12/10/03, p.A2)

1985        Apr 4, Gary Dotson, who served six years of a prison sentence for rape, was freed on bail from the Joliet Correctional Center in Illinois after his accuser, Cathleen Crowell Webb, testified that the attack had never occurred.
    (AP, 4/4/05)

1985        May 12, Illinois Gov. James Thompson commuted the sentence of Gary Dotson, who'd served six years in prison for a rape that the alleged victim later said never happened.
    (AP, 5/12/05)

1985        Sep 22, Rock and country music artists participated in FarmAid, a concert staged in Champaign, Ill., to help the nation's farmers. The first Farm Aid concert was held to support problems facing US farmers and their families.
    (SFEC, 10/13/96, p.A9)(AP, 9/22/05)

1986        In Morton, Ill., the first pumpkin-tossing contest was held. The winning throw was 50 feet. By 1996 a compressed air cannon projected a pumpkin a record 2,710 feet at a velocity of more than 600 mph.
    (WSJ, 10/23/97, p.A1)

1987        Mar 2, Two sets of quintuplets were born on the same day in the USA as Rosalind Helms delivered a basketball team of bouncing babies in Peoria, IL and Robin Jenkins became the mother of five in Las Vegas, NV,- beating the odds there, to be sure.
    (HC, Internet, 2/3/98)

1987        Illinois Senator Paul Simon announced that he would seek the nomination for US President. He suspended his campaign in April, 1988.
    (SFC, 12/10/03, p.A2)

1987        The Tevatron, a circular particle accelerator at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois, went into operation as the highest energy particle collider in the world. In 2009 it was eclipsed by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, Switzerland.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tevatron)

1990        Aug 8, Pete Rose began a 5-month prison term at Marion (IL) Federal  prison camp.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/R/Rose_Pete.stm)

1991        Motorola established a corporate museum in Schaumberg, Ill.
    (WSJ, 4/30/98, p.A1)

1992        Jan 12, HAL, the Heuristically Programmed Algorithmic Computer, from the 1968 Arthur C. Clark and Stanley Kubrick movie and book, “became operational" at the HAL plant in Urbana, Illinois. [1997 article claimed 1/12/97 as birthdate] The book "HAL’s Legacy: 2001’s Computer as Dream and Reality" was published in 1997 by MIT Press. The birthday in the movie was 1/12/92.

1992        Mar 17, Democrat Bill Clinton scored big primary victories in Illinois and Michigan. In Illinois, Sen. Alan Dixon was defeated in his primary re-election bid by Carol Moseley-Braun, who went on to become the first black woman in the U.S. Senate.
    (AP, 3/17/02)

1992        Nov 3, In Illinois Democrat Carol Moseley-Braun became the first black woman elected to the U.S. Senate. She lost her Senate seat in 1998.
    (AP, 11/3/97)(HN, 11/4/98)

1992        Dec 29, David and Sharon Schoo of St. Charles, Ill., were arrested at O'Hare International Airport in Chicago upon their return from vacation for leaving their young daughters at home, alone.
    (AP, 12/29/97)

1993        Jan 8, In Palatine, a suburb of Chicago, 7 people were shot to death at a fried chicken restaurant. The victims were forced into two walk-in coolers and shot a total of 24 times with a .38. Some were also stabbed and one had their throat slit. Their bodies were found the next day. On May 16, 2002, Juan Luna (28) and James Degorski (29) were arrested and confessed to the killings. "They just did it to do something big." In 2009 Degorski was convicted in the slayings of 7 people.
    (AP, 1/9/03)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brown's_Chicken_massacre)(SFC, 9/30/09, p.A8)

1993        Apr 2, In Illinois Andy Ascher (22) was killed in Rockford. In 1994 Patrick Pursley was convicted in the murder of Ascher based on ballistic evidence from the crime scene. In 2017 technological advances eroded confidence in the evidence and Pursley faced a new trial.
    (SFC, 8/10/17, p.A7)

1993        Jul 16, The surging Mississippi River charged through a levee at West Quincy, Mo., closing the Bayview Bridge, the only bridge across the river to Illinois for more than 200 miles.
    (AP, 7/16/98)

1993        Harrah’s opened a Riverboat Casino on the Ohio River in Joliet, Ill.
    (SFC, 8/15/05, p.A2)

1994        Mar 15, Illinois Congressman Dan Rostenkowski, chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, defeated four Democratic primary challengers in his bid for re-election.
    (AP, 3/15/99)

1994        May 10, The state of Illinois executed convicted serial killer John Wayne Gacy (52) for the murders of 33 young men and boys. He was executed at Stateville Correctional Center near Joliet. A search for more bodies was continued in 1998. Gacy left behind some clown art that was auctioned and purchased for $20,000 by Joe Roth, who burned all of it.
    (AP, 5/10/97)(SFEC, 11/22/98, p.A2)(SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)

1994        May 31, U.S. Rep. Dan Rostenkowski, D-Ill., maintaining his innocence, was indicted on 17 felony counts alleging he'd plundered nearly $700,000 from the government. (He later pleaded guilty to two counts of misusing federal funds and spent 451 days in federal custody).
    (AP, 5/31/99)

1994        Aug 14, Eight children who were left alone died in an early morning house fire in Carbondale, Ill.
    (AP, 8/14/99)

1995        Jul 8, A deadly heat wave began in the midsection of the US. It claimed more than 800 lives, more than half of them in Illinois.
    (AP, 7/8/00)

1995        Aug 22, Congressman Mel Reynolds (Democrat, Illinois) was convicted in Chicago of sexual misconduct involving an underage campaign volunteer. Reynolds was sentenced to five years in prison; he was later convicted of lying to obtain loans and of illegally siphoning campaign money for personal use. Reynolds was later sentenced to five years in prison; he ended up serving 2 1/2.
    (AP, 8/22/05)

1995        Oct 21, Rioting inmates surrendered control of a prison dormitory in Greenville, Illinois, ending a one-day uprising that began after the government ordered federal prisons locked down nationwide.
    (AP, 10/21/00)

1995        Oct, In Kewanee, Ill., Scott English killed Jami Pollock (3) as she and her mother slept. Tabitha Pollock, the mother, was later convicted of 1st degree murder for not preventing the murder and sentenced to 36 years in prison. In 2002 the state Supreme Court overturned the sentence. English was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 11/29/02, p.J3)

1996        Jan 23, Marvin and Kay Lichtman were murdered and their 22-room mansion was burned during a robbery in the wealthy Illinois suburb of Barrington Hills. In 2005 Peter Hommerson, a fugitive charged with killing a wealthy Illinois couple, was captured at a Mexican resort after tourists recognized him from a crime watch television program.
    (AP, 8/13/05)

1996        Apr 9, Former representative Dan Rostenkowski (D-Ill.), the once-powerful House Ways and Means chairman, pleaded guilty to two mail fraud charges in a deal that brought with it a 17-month prison term. He was to pay his own way at an average rate of $21,352/year. Rostenkowski served 15 months, and was pardoned by President Clinton in 2000.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A4)(AP, 4/9/06)

1996        Aug 16, In Brookfield, Ill., a 3-year-old boy fell 15-feet into a concrete area of a zoo’s gorilla exhibit and was rescued by Binti-jua, a 7-year-old gorilla with her own 2-year-old on her back.
    (SFC, 8/17/96, p.A3)(MC, 8/16/02)

1996        Barack Obama (b.1961) was elected to the Illinois senate representing the 13th District of Chicago’s South Side.
    (WSJ, 2/11/08, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Obama)

1997        Sep 13, Katherine Shindle of Illinois was crowned Miss America in Atlantic City, N.J.
    (SFEC, 9/14/97, p.A2)

1997        Sep 22, In the farming village of Roby, Illinois, a standoff between police and Shirley Allen (51) began that turned into a 5-week police siege. Her brother initially showed up with a court order for a psychiatric exam and she refused to comply. She was finally captured after being shot with rubber bullets. Shirley Ann Allen was apprehended when she stepped out onto her porch on October 30, 1997. Illinois State Police officers fired several large rubber bullets at her from a grenade launcher, striking her several times. Apparently not seriously injured, Allen was taken to St. Johns Hospital in Springfield, Illinois for her "evaluation." Ending on Thursday, October 30, 1997 a 39-day police siege, the longest in Illinois history. According to Illinois State Police Director Terry Gainer between $750,000 and $1,000,000 of taxpayer money was spent during the stand-off. After six weeks in a mental hospital, Allen was released when doctors said she posed no danger to herself or others.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A3)(SFC,10/31/97, p.A3)(www.outlawslegal.com/friendly/shirley.htm)

1997        Oct 15, Former Illinois rep Dan Rostenkowski was released from custody for mail fraud.
    (www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0842480.html)

1997        Dec 22, A small plane crashed near Hampshire, Ill., and 4 people were killed.
    (SFC, 12/5/98, p.A6)

1997        Dec, A bomb at the Oakwood United Methodist Church killed Brian Plawer (46).
    (SFC, 5/26/98, p.A1)

1997        US Senator Paul Simon (1928-2003) of Illinois retired. He was succeeded by Rep. Richard Durbin.
    (SFC, 12/10/03, p.A2)

1997        In East St. Louis Darnell McGee, aka "Boss Man," was slain in an apparent robbery. It was later learned that he had AIDS and may have spread the virus to as many as 30 women.
    (SFC, 2/13/98, p.A3)

1997        Deere & Co. opened a corporate museum in Moline.
    (WSJ, 4/30/98, p.A1)

1998        Jan 21, Lloyd Wayne Hampton was executed for the murder of Roy Pendleton (69), a retired janitor in Troy. Hampton was the 11th person executed by the state since capital punishment was restored.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.A8)

1998        Feb, In Noble Christopher Churchill (16) killed his half-brother and 4 others with a hammer during a drunken rage. He was convicted in 1999.
    (SFC, 3/13/99, p.A3)

1998        May 20, In Streamwood Ill., Frank Capaci, a retired electrician, won the record $195 mil Powerball lottery of Wisconsin. He chose to take a $104.23 mil lump sum payment.
    (SFC, 5/22/98, p.A3)

1998        May 24, In Danville, Ill, an explosion occurred at the First Assembly of God Church and injured 33 members, mostly teenagers. The cause was not yet immediately known. The cause was determined the next day to have been a bomb.
    (SFC, 5/25/98, p.A1)(SFC, 5/26/98, p.A1)

1998        May 28, In Danville, Ill., Rick White (39) died in a garage explosion as FBI agents were arriving to ask questions in connection with the May 24 Church bombing.
    (SFC, 5/29/98, p.A3)(SFC, 5/30/98, p.A8)

1999        Feb 20, Gene Siskel (53), movie critic, died in Evanston, Ill., of complications from brain surgery.
    (SFEC, 2/20/99, p.D8)(SFC, 7/16/03, p.A19)(AP, 2/20/00)

1999        Mar 15, In Bourbonnais, Ill., the "City of New Orleans" Amtrak train derailed after hitting a truck loaded with steel. At least 14 people were killed and 119 injured.
    (SFC, 3/16/99, p.A3)(SFC, 3/17/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/17/99, p.A1)

1999        Apr 27, Cicero, a Chicago suburb, declared itself a "gang-free zone." The police dept. listed 600 gang members among the 71,000 population.
    (SFC, 4/27/99, p.A3)(SFC, 5/6/99, p.C5)

1999        Apr 30, A charter bus flipped in central Illinois that was carrying hearing-impaired children. One parent died and 16 children were injured.
    (SFC, 5/1/99, p.A4)

1999        Jun 15, George Morber (80) and his daughter Carolyn Frederick (52) were found slain in their home in Gorham, Ill., about 100 yards from a railroad track.  Rafael Resendez-Ramirez was suspected of the murder.
    (SFC, 6/22/99, p.A3)

1999        Jul 2, In northern Chicago a driveby gunman, Benjamin Nathaniel Smith (21), killed Ricky Byrdsong, former Northwestern Univ. basketball coach. Smith wounded 6 Orthodox Jews Chicago and fired on an Asian-American couple in Northbrook.
    (SFEC, 7/4/99, p.A1)(SFC, 7/5/99, p.A1)

1999        Jul 3, Benjamin Nathaniel Smith fired at Asians and Blacks in Springfield, and Champaign-Urbana, Illinois.
    (SFC, 7/5/99, p.A1)

1999        Jul 4, In Bloomington, Ind., Benjamin Nathaniel Smith killed Won Joon Moon (26), a Korean-born Indiana Univ. student. Later the same day he shot himself dead during a police chase in Salem, Ill.
    (SFC, 7/5/99, p.A1,5)

1999        Aug 2, It was reported that the national death toll from the recent US-East heat wave hit 185 with 80 dead in Illinois and 44 in Missouri.
    (SFC, 8/2/99, p.A5)(WSJ, 8/2/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug, A World Freefall Convention was held in Quincy and Jari Kousma gave a big sales pitch for his new Bird-Man wingsuit for skydiving.
    (WSJ, 9/30/99, p.B1)

1999        Oct 5, Pulitzer Inc. agreed to buy the Illinois newspapers of Chronicle Publ. For $180 million. These included the Pantagraph of Bloomington and the 7 community papers of the Illinois Valley Press.
    (SFC, 10/6/99, p.B3)

1999        Nov 8, High schools were closed in Decatur as Jesse Jackson worked to reinstate 7 African American students who were expelled from school for fighting at a football game on Sep 17. Felony charges were filed against 4 of the boys.
    (SFC, 11/9/99, p.A2)(SFC, 11/10/99, p.A2)

1999        Nov 16, Rev. Jesse Jackson was arrested in Decatur for protesting at Eisenhower High School against the expulsion of 6 students.
    (SFC, 11/17/99, p.A3)

2000        Jan 31, Gov. George Ryan announced that he would impose a moratorium on the state's death penalty until an inquiry has been conducted as to why more death row inmates have been exonerated that executed.
    (SFC, 1/31/00, p.A1)

2000        Apr 24, In Peoria, Ill., 3 construction workers were killed when scaffolding broke away from the McClugage Bridge.
    (SFC, 4/25/00, p.A3)

2000        Dec 22, Pres. Clinton pardoned 59 people including Dan Rostenkowski, former congressman and chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee.
    (SFC, 12/23/00, p.A1)

2000        Jonathan Mcleod worked as an intern for the office of Illinois Representative J. Dennis Hastert. He later noted that Congressional Representatives do not read their mail, that form letters are immediately thrown away, and that responses to citizen letters are automatically processed with responses that "say something without saying anything."
    (SSFC, 1/11/04, p.D3)

2001        Jan 26, A Salvation Army van collided with a truck and 10 people were killed on I 55 near Joliet.
    (SFC, 1/27/01, p.A3)

2001        Feb 5, William D. Baker (66), shot and killed 4 employees at the Navistar factory in Melrose Park and then shot and killed himself. He was about to begin serving a 5-month sentence for conspiring to steal engines and parts.
    (SFC, 2/6/01, p.A3)

2001        Feb 15, Cicero’s town president, Betty Loren-Maltese, and 9 others were charged with stealing $10 million in taxpayer money and spending it on a horse farm and golf course.
    (SFC, 6/16/01, p.A5)

2001        Dec 12, Ali-al-Marri, a citizen of Qatar, was arrested in Peoria, Ill. He had reportedly entered the USA legally with his wife and five children on 10 September 2001 to pursue post-graduate studies at Bradley Univ. 18 months later, as he was on the verge of trial for credit card fraud and other charges, Pres. Bush declared him an enemy combatant and moved him into military detention. In 2008 the US Supreme Court agreed to decide whether the president may order that people seized in the US be held indefinitely and without criminal charges. In 2009 a federal judge sentenced Ali Saleh Kahlah al-Marri to 8 years in prison.
    (www.informationclearinghouse.info/article21383.htm)(WSJ, 12/6/08, p.A1)(SFC, 10/29/09, p.A8)

2001        The Illinois Funeral Director’s Association opened the Museum of Funeral Customs just outside Oak Ridge Cemetery.
    (SSFC, 9/22/02, p.C16)

2002        Feb 28, Dr. Ellen Feinberg (43) stabbed to death her 10-year-old son and wounded a younger son in Champaign.
    (SFC, 3/2/02, p.A6)

2002        Apr 2, Federal prosecutors indicted the campaign committee of Gov. George Ryan and 2 former top aids on charges of racketeering, mail fraud and conspiracy to obstruct justice.
    (SFC, 4/3/02, p.A3)

2002        May 3, In rural Iowa and Illinois and 6 people were injured when 6 of 8 pipe bombs were detonated in what was called a case of domestic terrorism. Suspect Luke Helder was later found incompetent to stand trial.
    (SFC, 5/4/02, p.A3)(AP, 5/3/07)

2002        May 7, Lucas John Helder (21) of Pine Island, Minn., was arrested following a car chase near Lovelock, Nevada, and charged for the recent series of mailbox pipe bombs. Helder said he was trying to make a "smiley face" pattern on the map of his bombings. His series of rural mailbox bombings left six people wounded in Illinois and Iowa. Helder has since been found incompetent to stand trial.
    (SFC, 5/8/02, p.A1)(SFC, 5/10/02, p.A3)(AP, 5/7/07)

2002        May 17, Midwest flooding left as many as 9 people dead over the last 2 weeks. Missouri Gov. Bob Holden asked Pres. Bush to declare 37 counties as disaster areas. Illinois and Indiana were also hard hit.
    (SFC, 5/18/02, p.A3)

2002        Jun 27, Mormons in Nauvoo planned to dedicate a new $30 million temple.
    (SFC, 4/29/02, p.A3)

2002        Sep 5, In Illinois Judge Harold Frobish of Livingston County ruled that prison inmates can choose to starve themselves rather than endure years of solitary confinement and that right outweighs the state’s duty to keep them alive.
    (SFC, 9/7/02, p.A4)

2002        Sep 21, Erika Harold, Miss Illinois, was crowned in Atlantic City NJ, as Miss America 2003.
    (SSFC, 9/22/02, p.A2)

2002        Oct 15, Illinois opened hearings on 140 death row cases.
    (SFC, 10/15/02, p.A3)

2003        Jan 11, In Illinois out-going Gov. Ryan commuted the sentences of 167 Death Row inmates one day after he freed 4 death row inmates. He called the death penalty process "arbitrary and capricious, and therefore immoral." The 4 death row inmates had all been convicted on evidence gathered by police Lt. Jon Burge. In 2008 Burge was arrested and charged with lying when he denied in 2003 that he and detectives under his command tortured murder suspects.
    (SFC, 1/11/03, p.A3)(SSFC, 1/12/03, p.A1)(AP, 1/11/08)(SFC, 10/22/08, p.A3)

2003        May 4, In Glenbrook, Ill., senior girls of Glenbrook North High engaged in a "powder puff" football game with junior girls that turned into a hazing melee that was caught on video and shown on national TV. Several seniors were later suspended for 10 days. A Civil Suit was later filed on behalf of 3 of the juniors girls.
    (SFC, 5/13/03, p.A4)

2003        Sep 2, A car slid off a boat ramp into Clinton Lake, Ill., and sank under the water. Two people allegedly made it out of the car before it sank. They were Amanda Hamm (27) and her boyfriend Maurice Lagrone Jr (28). Three children were trapped in the car: Christopher Hamm (6), Austin Brown (3), and Kyleigh Hamm, age 23 months. Hamm and Lagrone were later charged with murder. In 2007 Amanda Hamm was sentenced to 10 years in prison. Lagrone was convicted earlier of 1st degree murder and sentenced to life.
    (SFC, 2/2/07, p.A3)(www.bellaonline.com/articles/art24538.asp)

2003        Sep 14, Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich directed the state Special Advocate to draft a plan for busing inexpensive medications from Canada for state employees and retirees.
    (SFC, 9/15/03, p.A1)

2003        Dec 9, Paul Simon (75), former Illinois Senator (1984-1997), died in Springfield. His work included 13 published books.
    (SFC, 12/10/03, p.A2)

2003        Dec 17, George Ryan, former governor of Illinois, was indicted by a federal grand jury on charges of racketeering. Ryan was alter convicted and sentenced to 6 1/2-years in federal prison sentence for racketeering.
    (SFC, 12/18/03, p.A2)(AP, 12/17/08)

2004        Feb 3, Gov. Rod Blagojevich signed legislation creating a $500 million tax on Illinois hospitals, which expected increased federal funding under the plan.
    (USAT, 2/4/04, p.9A)

2004        Feb 26, A mail bombing injured Don Logan, the diversity director in Scottsdale, Arizona. In 2009 Illinois twins Dennis and Daniel Mahon (58) were indicted for the bombing. They had allegedly intended to promote racial discord on behalf of the White Aryan Resistance. On Feb 24, 2012, Dennis Mahon was found guilty. Daniel Mahon was exonerated.
    (SFC, 6/26/09, p.A5)(www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,529121,00.html)(SFC, 2/25/12, p.A5)

2004        Apr 20, A tornado hit Utica, Ill., and 8 people were killed in the basement of a tavern.
    (SFC, 4/22/04, p.A6)(WSJ, 4/22/04, p.A1)

2004        Jun 25, Jack Ryan (44), US Republican Senate candidate from Illinois, pulled out of the race following the disclosure of details from his 1999 divorce from TV actress Jeri Ryan.
    (SSFC, 6/27/04, p.A5)

2004        Jul, Charles L. Harris (44), manager of the Tradewinds hedge fund in Winnetka, Ill., disappeared after defrauding investors of some $25 million. He then sent video messages to investors apologizing and asking that they maintain confidence in his efforts.
    (WSJ, 9/16/04, p.C1)

2004        Aug 8, Alan Keyes, the Republican two-time presidential hopeful, threw his hat into Illinois' Senate race (he ended up losing to Democrat Barack Obama).
    (AP, 8/8/05)

2004        Dec 7, In Illinois after Babs the gorilla died at age 30, keepers at Brookfield Zoo, decided to allow surviving gorillas to mourn the most influential female in their social family. One by one, the gorillas filed into the Tropic World building where Babs' body lay, arms outstretched. Curator Melinda Pruett Jones called it a "gorilla wake."
    (AP, 12/8/04)

2004        Illinois under Gov. Blagojevich began a prisoner reform program at its Sheridan Prison. Over the next 2 years prisoners who successfully completed the program had a 49% lower risk of returning to prison.
    (SFC, 8/7/06, p.A6)

2005        Apr 27, Tonya Vasilev (34) stabbed to death her 2 children, Christian (9) and Grace (3) at their Hoffman Estates, Ill., home.
    (SFC, 4/30/05, p.A4)

2005        May 8, In Zion, Ill., Laura Hobbs (8) and Krystal Tobias (9), out on a Mother's Day bicycle ride, were stabbed multiple times and left to die near a bike path. Laura’s father Jerry Hobbs (34), just out of a Texas prison a few weeks, led police to the girls' bodies in a ravine. He was charged with murder on the second day of questioning by police.
    (AP, 5/10/05)(AP, 5/11/05)

2005        May 9, Eight-year-old Laura Hobbs and 9-year-old Krystal Tobias were found stabbed to death in Zion, Ill.; Laura's father, Jerry Hobbs III, was later charged with killing the girls.
    (AP, 5/9/06)

2005        May 20, Illinois lawmakers voted to have the state sell off about $1 billion worth of investments in companies doing business with Sudan, part of a nationwide campaign to protest genocide in the African nation.
    (AP, 5/20/05)

2005        Jun 25, Gov. Rod Blagojevich signed a new state law that requires Illinois to divest about $1 billion worth of pension investments in companies that do business in Sudan to protest the ongoing humanitarian crisis in the country's Darfur region.
    (AP, 6/25/05)

2005        Aug 10, Pres. Bush visited a Caterpillar plant in Illinois where he signed a $286.4 billion highway bill. It was the most expensive US public works program to date.
    (WSJ, 8/11/05, p.A1)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.38)

2005        Sep 29, US federal agents raided an Illinois laboratory where the steroid that ignited the BALCO scandal is suspected to have been created. Chemist Patrick Arnold was believed to be the man who resurrected the 1960s steroid norbolethone as “the clear," later known as tetrahydrogestrinone (THG).
    (SFC, 9/30/05, p.A5)

2005        Nov 15, Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich signed into law his All Kids program, a plan to extend comprehensive health care to every child in the state, making it the 1st state to try anything like it.
    (Econ, 12/3/05, p.33)(http://tinyurl.com/9uu5p)

2005        Nov 23, A commuter train slammed into several vehicles caught in a traffic jam on a busy road in Elmwood Park, Ill., starting a chain reaction that injured at least 10 people.
    (AP, 11/23/06)

2006        Mar 12-2006 Mar 13, Swarms of tornadoes killed at least 10 people across the Midwest states of Indiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, Arkansas, South Dakota, Minnesota and Wisconsin. It caused so much damage in Springfield, Ill., that the mayor compared it to the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 3/13/06)

2006        Jan, An Illinois law took effect banning investment in Sudan-related bonds, private equity and stock due to genocide in the Darfur region.
    (SSFC, 10/1/06, p.C6)

2006        Apr 17, In Chicago a jury convicted former Gov. George Ryan of steering state contracts and leases to political insiders during his term as secretary of state in the 1990s and then governor for one term.
    (SFC, 4/18/06, p.A5)

2006        Jun 13, The Illinois state agriculture department said a pest blamed for killing millions of trees across the Midwest has reached Illinois, prompting officials to prepare a detection and eradication plan they expect to begin within the next few weeks.
    (AP, 6/13/06)

2006        Sep 1, In Chad US Senator Barack Obama held talks with President Idriss Deby Itno on the crisis in Sudan's Darfur region and on Chad's oil production, on the final stop of the African-American politician's tour of the continent.
    (AP, 9/1/06)

2006        Sep 6, In Chicago George Ryan (72), former Illinois governor, was sentenced to 6½ years in prison for offenses including racketeering, conspiracy and fraud.
    (SFC, 9/7/06, p.A4)

2006        Sep 15, In East St. Louis, Ill., Jimella Tunstall (23) bled to death after sustaining an abdominal wound caused by a sharp object. Her body was found Sep 21. On Sep 23 investigators found Tunstall’s 3 dead children in a washer and dryer. Prosecutors charged Tiffany Hall (24), a family friend, with the murder of Tunstall and her fetus.
    (AP, 9/24/06)

2006        Sep 23, Three young children were found dead in an East St. Louis, Ill., apartment, hours after Tiffany Hall was charged with killing their pregnant mother and her fetus in a grisly attack. Hall has since been charged with first-degree murder in the deaths of Jimella Tunstall and her children, as well as intentional homicide of Tunstall's fetus.
    (AP, 9/23/07)

2006        Oct 11, In Chicago businessman Antoin Rezko (51), top advisor and fund-raiser for Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich, was indicted for scheming to collect kickbacks from companies doing business with the state. The fraud scheme included political contributor Stuart Levine and other insiders.
    (SFC, 10/12/06, p.A4)

2006        Oct 28, In Jerseyville, Ill., a teenager carrying a Bible and shouting "I want Jesus" was shot twice with a police stun gun and died the next day at a St. Louis hospital.
    (AP, 10/31/06)

2006        Barack Obama, US Senator from Illinois, authored “The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream."
    (Econ, 10/28/06, p.42)

2007        Jan 16, Sen. Barack Obama (D-Ill.) launched his bid for the White House.
    (AP, 1/16/08)

2007        Feb 10, Democrat Barack Obama announced in Illinois that he is running for the White House in 2008.
    (AP, 2/10/07)

2007        Mar 30, In Lombard, Illinois, Hubert D. Thompson (28), a former Michigan State football player, hurled James Malone (66) to his death from a 3rd floor apartment balcony. In 2009 an Illinois judge ruled Thompson not guilty by reason of insanity and ordered him confined to a mental institution. Thompson was once the nation’s top-rated defensive end prospect. He was ejected from the 2000 Citrus Bowl for fighting with a Florida offensive lineman.
    (SFC, 9/11/09, p.A9)(http://cbs2chicago.com/local/Lombard.standoff.Hubert.2.336248.html)

2007        Apr 15, A fire in Quincy, Illinois, killed 5 children. Police arrested Zachary Meeks (27), a cousin who had a grudge with the victim’s parents stemming from a drug-related prison sentence.
    (SFC, 4/16/07, p.A5)

2007        Jun 2, Thomas M. Siebel (54), the founder and former chairman of Siebel Systems Inc., announced he will make a $100 million donation to the University of Illinois, his alma mater. This was the largest gift in the university's history. Siebel pledged to give the gift to the Urbana-Champaign campus upon his death.
    (AP, 6/2/07)

2007        Jun 7, Severe thunderstorms spawned tornadoes, produced baseball-size hail and dropped more than 6 inches of rain across the Upper Midwest, killing a swimmer in Illinois. Four people in Wisconsin were injured, none seriously. A northern Wisconsin resort was demolished by one of at least five tornadoes that swept across the state.
    (AP, 6/8/07)

2007        Jun 14, In Channahon, Ill., 3 children and a woman were found shot to death in a sport utility vehicle parked just off a service road. On June 23 authorities charged Christopher Vaughn (32) with two murder counts per victim, saying he gunned down his family in their sport utility vehicle.
    (AP, 6/14/07)(AP, 6/24/07)

2007        Sep 19, Julian Walker (34) of Atlanta, Georgia, suspected in the slayings of his ex-wife and his girlfriend’s father, shot and killed himself after he was surrounded by police in Fairview Heights, Ill.
    (SFC, 9/20/07, p.A8)

2007        Oct 28, In Joliet, Illinois, Stacy Peterson (23), the current wife of police officer Drew Peterson, was last seen. On Nov 10 state police said Peterson is no longer a person of interest in the disappearance but a suspect. A coroner's jury ruled the 2004 death of Kathleen Savio, Peterson's third wife, an accident. On Nov 17 former NYC chief medical examiner Dr. Michael Baden analyzed Kathleen Savio's remains and concluded she died after a struggle. In 2008 Dr. Larry W. Blum said in an autopsy report that Kathleen Savio died by drowning and her death was ruled a homicide. In 2009 Peterson (55) was arrested during a traffic stop and faced murder charges.
    (AP, 11/10/07)(AP, 11/17/07)(AP, 2/22/08)(AP, 5/8/09)

2007        Nov 29, Henry Hyde (b.1924), former Illinois Republican Representative (1975-2007), died. In 1976 he attached an amendment to a spending bill barring the use of federal funds for abortions. In 1998 he led House efforts to impeach Pres. Clinton for allegedly lying about his affair with intern Monica Lewinsky.
    (SFC, 11/30/07, p.A6)(http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=H001022)

2007        Dec 23, High wind and ice coated power lines blacked out tens of thousands of people in the Midwest. The storm was blamed for at least 22 deaths. At least 8 people in Minnesota, 5 in Wisconsin, 3 each in Indiana and Wyoming and one each in Michigan, Texas and Kansas were killed in traffic accidents.
    (AP, 12/23/07)(WSJ, 12/24/07, p.A1)(SFC, 12/25/07, p.A11)

2008        Jan 7, Tornadoes were reported or suspected in southwest Missouri, southeastern Wisconsin, Arkansas, Illinois and Oklahoma. Two people were killed in Missouri.
    (AP, 1/8/08)

2008        Jan 31, Dorothy Dixon (29), 6 months pregnant, was found dead at a home in Alton, Ill. Housemates had used her for target practice with BBs, burned her with a glue gun and doused her with scalding liquid that peeled away her skin. Investigators put much of the blame on Michelle Riley (35), who they said befriended Dixon but pocketed monthly Social Security checks she got because of her developmental delays. In 2009 Riley pleaded guilty to the torture and killing of Dixon.
    (AP, 3/22/08)(SFC, 10/27/09, p.A4)

2008        Feb 14, In DeKalb, Illinois, former student Steven Kazmierczak (27) killed six people at Northern Illinois University before committing suicide. 15 people were wounded.
    (AP, 2/15/08)

2008        Mar 19, Flooding forced hundreds of people to flee their homes and closed scores of roads across a wide swath of the US midsection as a huge storm system poured as much as 10 inches of rain on the region. Flooding was reported in parts of Arkansas, southern Illinois, southern Indiana, Missouri and Kentucky with over a dozen deaths.
    (AP, 3/19/08)(AP, 3/20/08)

2008        Apr 18, A magnitude 5.2 earthquake hit southern Illinois in the Ozark Dome region and was felt across the Midwest.
    (SFC, 4/19/08, p.A5)

2008        Jun 18, In Illinois Jeff Pelo (43), a former Bloomington police sergeant, was found guilty on 35 counts, including 25 of aggravated sexual assault from 2002-2005.
    (SFC, 6/19/08, p.A6)
2008        Jun 18, Floodwaters breached two levees in western Illinois and threatened more Mississippi River towns in Missouri after inundating much of Iowa for the past week. One official estimated up to 47 square miles could be flooded.
    (AP, 6/18/08)

2008        Jun 25, Jerry Brown, California’s attorney general, sued Countrywide Financial for unfair business practices relating to home loan mortgages. Lisa Madigan, the attorney general of Illinois, also filed suit against Countrywide, which is being acquired by Bank of America. The Washington State Dept. of Financial Institutions filed an administrative action against Countrywide alleging discriminatory lending practices.
    (SFC, 6/26/08, p.C1)(WSJ, 6/26/08, p.A3)

2008        Jul 1, Nicholas T. Sheley (28) was arrested in Granite City, Ill., following a manhunt that extended into Missouri. The ex-convict was suspected in eight recent grisly slayings. He was suspected of killing, among others, a 93-year-old man, a toddler and a couple whose blood-soaked dogs were found roaming a motel parking lot.
    (AP, 7/2/08)(SFC, 7/11/08, p.A4)

2008        Oct 3, The Great Lakes Governors (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin) applauded President George W. Bush for signing a joint resolution of Congress providing consent to the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Compact.  It barred new diversions beyond the Great Lakes Basin.
    (www.cglg.org/projects/water/CompactConsent.asp)(Econ, 5/22/10, p.36)

2008        Oct 5, The Illinois attorney general's office said that Bank of America was modifying loans for customers in 11 states.
    (AP, 10/6/08)

2008        Oct 15, In Illinois a medical helicopter crashed just before midnight and killed a desperately ill 1-year-old girl and three crew members when the aircraft clipped a radio structure's wire and went down in a suburban Chicago field.
    (AP, 10/17/08)

2008        Dec 9, Federal authorities arrested Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich (51) on charges that he brazenly conspired to sell or trade the US Senate seat left vacant by President-elect Barack Obama to the highest bidder. Upon his arrest Blagojevich and his wife were awash in over $200,000 in credit card debt. Blagojevich was  released after paying a $4,500 bond.
    (AP, 12/9/08)(SFC, 12/10/08, p.A4)(SFC, 7/2/10, p.A6)

2008        Dec 30, Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich named former state Attorney General Roland Burris (71) to replace Barack Obama as state senator. The surprise move put opponents in the uncomfortable position of trying to block Burris from becoming the Senate’s only black member.
    (SFC, 12/31/08, p.A3)

2009        Jan 5, In Illinois Steven L. Good (52), chief executive of Sheldon Good & Co, one of the nation’s largest real estate auction firms, was found dead of an apparent self-inflicted gunshot wound in a forest outside Chicago. In 2003 he authored “Churches, Jails and Gold Mines… Mega-Deals from a Real Estate Maverick."
    (WSJ, 1/7/09, p.A9)

2009        Jan 6, Roland Burris of Illinois, President-elect Barack Obama's appointed successor, was turned away when he appeared at the US Capitol to take his in the convening of the 111th Congress.
    (AP, 1/6/09)

2009        Jan 9, The Illinois House voted to impeach Gov. Rod Blagojevich, an unprecedented step in state history.
    (AP, 1/9/09)

2009        Jan 12, The US Senate said it will seat Roland Burris, the junior senator from Illinois.
    (SFC, 1/12/09, p.A8)

2009        Jan 15, Roland Burris was sworn in as junior senator from Illinois.
    (SFC, 1/16/09, p.A4)

2009        Jan 26, Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich skipped the start of his impeachment trial preferring to make his case on national TV.
    (WSJ, 1/27/09, p.A3)
2009        Jan 26, Caterpillar Inc announced it would cut nearly 20,000 jobs and warned of a tough year ahead as a downturn that began in the United States metastasized into a full-blown global recession, gutting orders for earth-moving equipment. At least 1,500 of the lost jobs were in greater Peoria, Ill.
    (Reuters, 1/26/09)(Econ, 2/21/09, p.37)

2009        Jan 29, In Illinois Pat Quinn (60), the Democrat Lt. Gov., became governor after the state Senate voted 59-0 to convict Rod Blagojevich (52) of abuse of power.
    (AP, 1/30/09)(WSJ, 1/30/09, p.A1)

2009        Feb 8, In Illinois a broken holding tank at a Caterpillar plant near Joliet spilled some 65,000 gallons of oil sludge and contaminated a 30-mile section of the Des Plaines River.
    (SFC, 2/9/09, p.A6)

2009        Feb 9, The US postal service released 4 new 42-cent stamps in Springfield, Ill., highlighting the personal history of Abraham Lincoln.
    (SFC, 2/9/09, p.A6)

2009        Feb 15, Illinois Republicans called for the resignation of Democratic Sen. Roland Burris following reports of contradicting statements regarding conversations with close associates of former Gov. Rod Blagojevich. The next day Burris admitted that he tried to raise money for Gov. Blagojevich before being appointed to the US Senate.
    (SFC, 2/16/09, p.A5)(WSJ, 2/17/09, p.A3)

2009        Mar 8, In Illinois Pastor Fred Winters was shot and killed during his Sunday sermon at First Baptist Church in Maryville. He had deflected the first of Terry Joe Sedlacek’s four rounds with a Bible, sending a confetti-like spray of paper into the air in a horrifying scene that congregants initially thought was a skit. Churchgoers wrestled Sedlacek (27) to the ground as he waved a knife, slashing himself and two other people.
    (AP, 3/9/09)(SFC, 3/9/09, p.A4)

2009        Mar 29, In Illinois Duncan Connolly (9) and his brother Jack (7), missing since March 8 after visiting with their father, were found dead in his car. The body of their father, Michael Connolly, was found nearby.
    (SFC, 3/31/09, p.A6)(www.amw.com/missing_children/recovered.cfm?id=64030)

2009        Apr 2, A federal grand jury issued a 75-page indictment charging former Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich with racketeering, extortion and fraud.
    (SFC, 4/3/09, p.A8)

2009        Apr 30, In Illinois Ali al-Marri (43) pleaded guilty to one count of conspiring to provide material support or resources to a foreign terrorist organization. A second charge of providing material support or resources to a foreign terrorist organization was dropped. His case had sparked a legal debate over whether the government can hold terrorism suspects indefinitely. The Qatar native faced up to 15 years in prison and a $250,000 fine at his July 30 sentencing. On Oct 29 a federal judge sentenced Ali Saleh Kahlah al-Marri to 8 years in prison. 
    (AP, 5/1/09)(SFC, 10/30/09, p.A8)

2009        May 5, In Columbia, Illinois, Sheri Coleman (31) and her two sons, Garett (11) and Gavin (9) were found strangled to death. Husband and father Chris Coleman (32) was charged with three counts of first-degree murder, but later pleaded not guilty.
    (AP, 5/20/09)

2009        May 8, In the Midwest a wave of storms damaged or destroyed hundreds of homes and businesses in Kansas, Kentucky, Illinois, and Missouri. 5 people were left dead.
    (AP, 5/9/09)

2009        Jun 6, In East St. Louis, Ill., the 34-acre Malcolm W. Martin Memorial Park opened. It was named after Malcolm W. Martin (d.2004 at 91), the lawyer who formed a non-profit group in 1968 to raise money to protect the tract from developers.
    (SSFC, 6/7/09, p.A10)

2009        Jun 19, In Illinois tank cars loaded with thousands of gallons of highly flammable ethanol exploded in flames as a freight train derailed in Rockford, killing Zoila Tellez (41) and forcing evacuations of hundreds of nearby homes.
    (AP, 6/20/09)(SSFC, 6/21/09, p.A9)

2009        Sep 21, In Illinois a couple and their 3 children were found brutally slain in the central farming community of Beason. On May 31, 2013, Christopher Harris (34) was found guilty of beating 5 members of his ex-wife’s family to death.
    (SFC, 9/23/09, p.A10)(SFC, 6/1/13, p.A4)

2009        Sep 23,  In Illinois Michael Finton (29) was arrested in Springfield after federal officials said he attempted to detonate what he believed to be explosives in a van in Springfield. The FBI had provided the decoy devices.
    (SFC, 9/26/09, p.A6)

2009        Oct 23, US regulators shut down 3 small banks in Florida and one each in Georgia, Illinois, Minnesota and Wisconsin bringing the total for the year of failed US banks to 106.
    (SFC, 10/24/09, p.A6)

2009        Oct 30, US banking regulators closed nine banks in California, Illinois, Texas and Arizona. They were all divisions of privately held FBOP Corp. based in Oak Park, Ill.
    (SSFC, 11/1/09, p.A15)

2010        Jan 5, In Illinois a small Learjet cargo plane crashed into the Des Plains River in Glenview killing two pilots onboard.
    (SFC, 1/6/10, p.A4)

2010        Mar 2, In Darien, Ill., the bodies of 3 family members were found shot to death. Prosecutors later said Johnny Borizov (28) had persuaded Jacob Nodarse (23) to kill the mother of his son, Angela Kramer, her parents and a brother over a custody dispute. Nodarse was arrested the next day in Florida.
    (SFC, 3/8/10, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/yaejaep)

2010        Jun 23, Illinois state and federal officials said an Asian carp has been found for the first time beyond electric barriers meant to keep the voracious invasive species out of the Great Lakes, prompting renewed calls for swift action to block their advance. Commercial fishermen landed the 3-foot-long, 20-pound bighead carp in Lake Calumet on Chicago's South Side, about six miles from Lake Michigan.
    (AP, 6/24/10)

2010        Aug 11, Dan Rostenkowski (b.1928), former US Rep. from Illinois (1959-1995), died at his home in Wisconsin. In 1996 he pleaded guilty to mail fraud and served 15 months in prison.
    (SFC, 8/12/10, p.A6)

2010        Aug 13, The US Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. took over the Palos Bank and Trust Co. based in Palos Heights, Illinois. It was the 110th US bank to go under this year.
    (SSFC, 8/15/10, p.D3)

2010        Aug 17, A federal jury in Chicago deadlocked on all but one of 24 charges against former Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich. He was convicted of lying to federal agents. Prosecutors pledged to retry the case as soon as possible.
    (SFC, 8/18/10, p.A4)

2010        Sep 13, US EPA officials said that a leak in an oil pipeline in Reomeoville, Illinois, has stopped. The volume spilled in the Chicago suburb was unknown. The pipeline was owned by Enbridge Energy Partners.
    (SFC, 9/14/10, p.A4)

2010        Oct 5, Illinois police officer Brian Dorian (37) of Lynwood, allegedly began a spree of random shooting that left one person dead and 2 wounded. Dorian was arrested on Oct 8. Dorian was freed on Oct 13. An attorney said he was the victim of a botched investigation. 
    (SFC, 10/9/10, p.A5)(SFC, 10/14/10, p.A9)

2010        Oct 14, Antinette Keller (18), a Northern Illinois University freshman from Plainfield, Ill., was last seen as she left for a walk in a 150-acre nature preserve in DeKalb, Ill. Her body was found on Oct 23 in a heavily wooded area of Prairie Park in DeKalb.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2f8tuqb)

2010        Dec 1, The Illinois Legislature voted to legalize civil unions.
    (SFC, 12/2/10, p.A13)

2011        Jan 12, Democratic Illinois lawmakers beat a looming deadline and approved a 66% income-tax increase in a desperate bid to end the state's crippling budget crisis.
    (AP, 1/12/11)

2011        Jan 13, Gov. Pat Quinn signed legislation that temporarily raises Illinois income taxes by two-thirds, risking a political backlash against Democrats but gaining money to help drag state government out of the deepest budget hole in its history.
    (AP, 1/13/11)

2011        Mar 9, Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn signed into law a ban on the death penalty and commuted the sentences of 15 death row inmates to life without parole.
    (SFC, 3/10/11, p.A5)

2011        Mar 11, Amazon.com notified its Illinois partners that it will stop doing business with them on April 15 because of a new state law requiring the online store to collect sales taxes.
    (SFC, 3/12/11, p.D2)

2011        May 2, The US Army corps. of Engineers exploded a section of the Mississippi River Birds Point levee in Missouri to protect the small town of Cairo, Ill. Water levels receded but a second, smaller section was detonated May 3 to allow water back into the river.
    (SFC, 5/3/11, p.AA4)(AP, 5/5/11)

2011        May 15, In Illinois a fire in an apartment building in Aurora, a suburb of Chicago, killed 6 people, including 3 children.
    (SFC, 5/16/11, p.A4)

2011        Jun 1, Illinois became the 6th US state to allow civil unions or their equivalent.
    (SFC, 6/2/11, p.A6)

2011        Jun 27, Rod Blagojevich, who won two terms as Illinois governor before scandal made him a national punch line, was convicted in Chicago of a wide range of corruption charges, including trying to sell President Barack Obama's Senate seat.
    (AP, 6/28/11)

2011        Jul 8, In Illinois Carolyn Towns (51), former director of a Chicago area cemetery, pleaded guilty to a scheme of digging up bodies and reselling plots at the Burr Oak Cemetery. She was sentenced to 12 years in prison.
    (SFC, 7/9/11, p.A5)

2011        Jul 27, The Chicago Sun-Times reported that Illinois Rep. Joe Walsh, the tea party-backed Republican who squeaked into office last year by vowing to bring fiscal responsibility to Washington and who has been one of President Barack Obama's most outspoken critics during the standoff over the debt ceiling, is being sued for more than $100,000 in unpaid child support.
    (AP, 7/29/11)

2011        Aug 8, The US Justice department and 4 the attorney generals of California, Illinois, Florida, and Indiana accused Pittsburgh-based Education Management Corp. of paying recruiters to enroll students in an $11 billion fraud case.
    (SFC, 8/8/11, p.A5)

2011        Aug 21, Northwestern University researchers reported that they found that the basis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a malfunctioning protein recycling system in the neurons of the brain and spinal cord.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3zne3yv)

2011        Sep 30, The Tevatron particle accelerator at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois, was shut down.
    (Econ, 10/1/11, p.85)(http://tinyurl.com/42odxlf)


2011        Sep, As of early September Illinois owed on 166,000 unpaid bills worth a breathtaking $5 billion, with nearly half of that amount more than a month overdue and hundreds of bills dating back to 2010. The true backlog was even higher because some bills have not yet been approved for payment and officially added to the tally. The General Assembly has accepted the unpaid bills as an unpleasant necessity while Illinois claws its way out of deficits that once topped $13 billion.
    (AP, 10/15/11)

2011        Oct 27, In Illinois John L. Wilson, Jr (38), stabbed Kelli O’Laughlin (14), and fled with a bowl of foreign coins, the girl’s Ipod Touch, and her cell phone. She had walked in on Wilson, who had broken into her family’s home in Indian Head Park, Cook County. Wilson’s arrest was announced on Nov 4.
    (ABCNews, 11/4/11)

2011        Nov 8, In Springfield, Ill., a municipal water district employee encountered problems with the city’s water pump control system and a technician determined the system had been remotely hacked into from a computer located in Russia. It was later determined that the problem was caused by a plant contractor traveling in Russia.
    (SFC, 11/19/11, p.A7)(SSFC, 11/27/11, p.A13)

2011        Nov 26, In Illinois 4 people were killed when their plane crashed nearthe Chicago suburb of Crystal Lake.
    (SSFC, 11/27/11, p.A13)

2011        Dec 12, The Illinois House approved a package of tax relief for families and businesses, including big names like Sears and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, that threatened to leave the state. When fully phased in the cuts will cost state government some $320 million per year.
    (SFC, 12/13/11, p.A11)

2011        An Illinois roadkill bill took effect allowing anyone with a state furbearer license to salvage pelts or even food from animals killed on the road.
    (SSFC, 1/8/12, p.A10)

2012        Feb 29, At least 16 tornadoes ravaged the Midwest and South. 13 people were killed including 6 in Harrisburg, Illinois, 3 in Missouri, 3 in Tennessee and one in Kansas.
    (SFC, 3/1/12, p.A6)(SFC, 3/2/12, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/7hrqnq4)

2012        Mar 20, Mit Romney won the Illinois Republican primary with 47% of the vote compared with 35% for Rick Santorum, 9% for Ron Paul and 8% for Newt Gingrich.
    (SFC, 3/21/12, p.A5)

2012        Mar 30, Lottery ticket-holders in Illinois, Kansas and Maryland each selected the winning numbers for the world record-breaking $640 million Mega Millions jackpot.
    (AP, 3/31/12)

2012        Mar 30, The US government agreed with Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, New York and Pennsylvania to cut red tape and speed up consideration for wind farms in the Great Lakes.
    (SFC, 3/31/12, p.A5)

2012        May 5, In Arizona fugitives Nelson Grant Hallahan (65) and wife Janet Hallahan (54) were arrested by deputy marshals in Tonopah, a desert community 50 miles west of Phoenix. They had fled punishment in Illinois in 2000 for running a Ponzi scheme that targeted friends, the elderly, and even family members.
    (AP, 5/7/12)

2012        May 7, In Illinois the former comptroller of Dixon, Rita Crundwell (58), pleaded not guilty to charges that she stole over $53 million in public money to fund a lavish lifestyle and create one of the nation’s foremost horse-breeding operations.
    (SFC, 5/8/12, p.A6)

2012        Jul 20, Chicago lottery winner Urooj Khan (46) died weeks after winning a $1 million jackpot from the Illinois Lottery. Authorities later said he died from cyanide poisoning and in 2012 began exhumation proceedings.
    (SFC, 1/11/13, p.A6)

2012        Aug 6, Thousands of fish were reported dying in the Midwest as the hot, dry summer dries up rivers and causes water temperatures to climb in some spots to nearly 100 degrees. About 40,000 shovelnose sturgeon were killed in Iowa last week as water temperatures reached 97 degrees. Nebraska fishery officials said they've seen thousands of dead sturgeon, catfish, carp, and other species in the Lower Platte River. Illinois biologists said the hot weather has killed tens of thousands of large- and smallmouth bass and channel catfish. Kansas has seen declining water levels that pulled younger, smaller game fish away from the vegetation-rich shore lines and forced them to cluster, making them easier targets for predators. In South Dakota there have been reports of isolated fish kills in its manmade lakes on the Missouri River.
    (AP, 8/6/12)

2012        Aug 23, In Illinois authorities in Washington Park, a village next to East St. Louis, raided a house where a teenage girl (17) had been held captive and repeatedly sexually assaulted for over 2 years. Police took into custody a 24-year-old man and his mother. They also recovered the teen's young child, which the girl said was the result of rape by her captor.
    (AP, 8/24/12)

2012        Sep 6, In Illinois Drew Peterson (58), the crass former Illinois police officer who gained notoriety after his much-younger wife vanished in 2007, was convicted of murdering Kathleen Savio (d.2004), his 3rd wife, in a potentially precedent-setting case centered on secondhand hearsay statements. On Feb 21, 2013, Peterson was sentenced to 38 years in prison for the murder of Savio.
    (AP, 9/6/12)(SFC, 2/22/13, p.A7)

2012        Sep 14, In Illinois Jack McCullough (72) was convicted in the 1957 murder of in Maria Ridulph (7), with spectators letting out a deafening cheer as the verdict was announced in one of the oldest unsolved crimes to eventually get to court in the US.
    (AP, 9/14/12)

2012        Oct 2, The US Justice Dept. paid Illinois $165 million for the long-dormant Thomson prison. It was built for $140 million, but never opened because the state lacked the money to operate it.
    (SFC, 10/3/12, p.A7)

2012        Nov 14, In Illinois Rita Crundwell, comptroller of Dixon, pleaded guilty to siphoning over $53 million since she began handling the town’s finances in the 1908s. On Feb 14, 2013, Crundwell was sentenced to nearly 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 11/15/12, p.A8)(SFC, 2/15/13, p.A6)

2012        Dec 11, A federal appeals court struck down a ban on carrying concealed weapons in Illinois, the only remaining state where carrying concealed weapons is entirely illegal. It gave lawmakers 180 days to write a law that legalizes it.
    (AP, 12/11/12)

2012        Dec 13, In California the Illinois-based Walgeen Co. was ordered to pay $16.57 million to local government and environmental agencies to settle claims of dumping hazardous wastes.
    (SFC, 12/14/12, p.A12)

2013        Jan 27, Illinois Democratic Gov. Pat Quinn signed a measure into law  giving illegal immigrants permission to drive. Opponents have pointed to hundreds of fraudulent cases in New Mexico, Washington and Utah after those states began giving illegal immigrants permission to drive.
    (AP, 1/28/13)

2013        Jan 30, Former Illinois Gov. George Ryan (78) was released from federal prison. He will remain under house arrest until his 6½-year sentence officially ends in July.
    (SFC, 1/31/13, p.A9)

2013        Apr 9, In Illinois former state Rep. Robin Kelly (D) won the special election for Jesse Jackson Jr.’s vacated congressional seat.
    (SFC, 4/10/13, p.A4)

2013        Apr 19, Floodwaters swelled the Mississippi River and other Midwestern rivers following days of torrential rains. In Quiincy, Ill., the river rose nearly 10 feet in 36 hours. Two flood related deaths were in Indiana, a 3rd in Missouri.
    (SFC, 4/20/13, p.A4)(SSFC, 4/21/13, p.A9)(SFC, 4/22/13, p.A6)

2013        May 19, More than two dozen tornadoes were spotted in parts of Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas and Illinois. A half-mile wide twister struck near Oklahoma City and at least one person was killed.
    (Reuters, 5/20/13)

2013        Jul 3, Former Illinois Gov. George Ryan was released from home confinement ending over 5½ years in federal custody for corruption offenses.
    (SFC, 7/4/13, p.A8)

2013        Jul 9, Illinois became the last state in the US to allow public possession of concealed guns.
    (SFC, 7/10/13, p.A4)

2013        Jul 27, John Wrana (95), a WWII veteran, was fatally shot by police with bean bag rounds after he refused medical treatment and became belligerent at a suburban Chicago senior facility. In 2014 a police officer was charged with one count of reckless conduct.
    (http://tinyurl.com/penpswl)(SFC, 4/3/14, p.A8)

2013        Aug 1, Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn eliminated the salaries of 176 members of the state’s General Assembly for failing to tackle the state’s pension woes.
    (SSFC, 9/1/13, p.26)

2013        Aug 14, In Washington, DC, former Illinois Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr. (48) was sentenced to 2.5 years in prison after pleading guilty to scheming to spend some $750,000 in campaign funds on personal items. His wife received a one year sentence.
    (SFC, 8/15/13, p.A6)

2013        Nov 17, A series of tornadoes pounded the Midwestern United States, killing six people across Illinois and flattening Washington, a city of 15,000 people. The storm killed one person in Washington and destroyed 250 to 500 houses.
    (Reuters, 11/18/13)

2013        Nov 20, Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn signed legislation allowing same-sex marriages starting June 1, 2014.
    (SFC, 11/21/13, p.A5)(SSFC, 6/1/14, p.A11)

2013        Nov 27, Two Chicago women became the first same-sex couple to marry in Illinois after a federal judge granted an expedited marriage license because of one of the women’s failing health.
    (SFC, 11/28/13, p.A6)

2013        Dec 3, The Illinois Legislature approved a historic plan to eliminate the state’s $100 billion pension shortfall. Gov. Pat Quinn said he will sign it.
    (SFC, 12/4/13, p.A9)

2013        Dec 5, Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn signed landmark legislation to reform the state’s underfunded pension system. The reforms cut benefits for most employees and retirees. Unions immediately threatened a lawsuit. On may 8, 2015, the state Supreme Court struck down the legislation saying it would leave pension promises diminished or impaired.
    (SFC, 12/6/13, p.A10)(SFC, 5/9/15, p.A5)

2013        Dec 11, In Illinois inmate Stanley Wrice (59) was freed from prison after spending 30 years behind bars for confessing under torture to a rape that he did not commit. He had confessed to the 1982 sexual assault after two officers under former Lt. Jon Burge beat him in the groin and face.
    (SFC, 12/12/13, p.A10)

2013        Dec 20, In Illinois an off-duty sheriff’s deputy was fatally shot while trying to break up an armed robbery in suburban Chicago.
    (SSFC, 12/22/13, p.A9)

2014        Jan 6, Three Chicago-bound trains came to a halt after running into impassable snow and ice. More than 500 passengers spent the night on board Amtrak trains in northwestern Illinois, stranded due to the harsh winter weather.
    (Reuters, 1/7/14)

2014        Feb 2, In Illinois Michael Worsham (43) was found dead in his house after he killed his wife (42), son (17) and daughter (15) in Robbins, a suburb of Chicago.
    (SFC, 2/4/14, p.A4)

2014        Feb 21, US District Judge Sharon Johnson ruled that same-sex marriages can begin immediately in Cook County, Ill.
    (SFC, 2/22/14, p.A6)

2014        Jun 1, Illinois was allowed to begin issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples.
    (SSFC, 6/1/14, p.A11)

2014        Jun 24, In Illinois a Cook County judge threw out the convictions of two men who spent close to 15 years in state prison for their alleged roles as lookouts in the November 1992 murders of two people near Chicago’s Clarendon Park. They were the last of four men to have their convictions thrown out in a case where confessions turned out to be false.
    (SFC, 6/25/14, p.A6)

2014        Aug 25, In Illinois an explosion at a recycling plant in Granite City killed 2 people. Police said it was caused by a mortar round.
    (SFC, 8/26/14, p.A4)

2014        Sep 26, In Illinois Brian Howard (36), an FAA contract employee, set fire at the Aurora air traffic control center bringing Chicago’s Midway and O’Hare airports to a halt with over 2,000 flights cancelled.
    (SFC, 9/27/14, p.A7)(SFC, 9/29/14, p.A6)

2014        Oct 30, In southern Illinois a mother and three of her children on their way to a Halloween parade were killed and a fourth child seriously injured when their vehicle was hit by a freight train.
    (Reuters, 10/31/14)

2014        Oct 4, In Illinois Mohammed Hamzah Khan (19), charged with seeking to provide material support to a foreign terrorist group, was arrested with two siblings (16 & 17) at O’Hare Int’l. Airport. The siblings were not charged.
    (SFC, 11/4/14, p.A4)

2014        Dec 20, In Illinois 4 people including two young boys were killed in a shooting late today in a home in Rockford.
    (SFC, 12/22/14, p.A8)

2014        Dec, Illinois was reported to have $111 billion in unfunded pension liabilities, making it the most underfunded retirement system in the country. The state also had $56 billion in debt for health benefits for pensioners.
    (Econ, 12/20/14, p.37)

2015        Jan 12, Illinois Gov. Bruce Rauner declared that business as usual is over in his inaugural address.
    (Econ, 6/6/15, p.22)

2015        Mar 17, Illinois Rep. Aaron Schock (33) resigned after weeks of mounting media reports about questionable expenditures and personal finances.
    (SFC, 3/21/15, p.A6)

2015        Apr 1, In Illinois Kamron Taylor (23), a convicted murderer, escaped from the Jerome Combs Detention Center in Kankakee. He was recaptured on Chicago’s
South Side on April 3.
    (SFC, 4/2/15, p.A5)(SSFC, 4/5/15, p.A9)

2015        Apr 7, In central Illinois a private plane returning from the NCAA tournament in Indianapolis crashed killing all 7 people onboard. The dead included Illinois State University’s associate head basketball coach and a deputy athletics director.
    (SFC, 4/8/15, p.A7)

2015        Apr 9, In northern Illinois at least two people were killed and 20 others injured when a powerful tornado rated as a rare EF-4 - the second highest intensity - ripped through the small town of Fairdale.
    (Reuters, 4/10/15)

2015        Apr 17, Phillips 66 said it has discovered a diesel fuel leak from a company-operated pipeline between a terminal in Hartford, Illinois, and the terminal's barge dock on the Mississippi River. The volume of the spill was not yet determined.
    (Reuters, 4/17/15)

2015        May 19, In Illinois court appointed researchers issued a report saying the state has been unable to meet minimal constitutional standards of health care in its prison system, which held some 49,000 inmates.
    (SFC, 5/21/15, p.A10)

2015        May 28, Former US House Speaker Dennis Hastert (73) was indicted on federal charges alleging he agreed to pay $3.5 million in hush money to a longtime acquaintance, then lied to the FBI when asked about suspicious cash withdrawals. The next day it was reported that the payments were made to conceal alleged sexual abuse of a young man when Hastert was a high school teacher in Illinois.
    (SFC, 5/29/15, p.A10)(SFC, 5/30/15, p.A7)
2015        May 28, A new report said Illinois remains as the 3rd most corrupt US state after New York and California. Chicago was reported as still the most corrupt US city.
    (Econ, 6/6/15, p.22)

2015        Aug 12, Kraft Heinz said it is cutting 2,500 jobs in the US and Canada, including about 700 in Northfield, Ill., where the company is headquartered.
    (SFC, 8/13/15, p.C2)

2015        Sep 1, In Illinois three armed suspects reportedly shot dead police officer Lt. Charles Joseph Gliniewicz (52) in the Chicago suburb of Fox Lake. On Nov 4 it was announced that Gliniewicz had staged his suicide after stealing and laundering money over the course of years.
    (YahooNews, 9/2/15)(SFC, 11/5/15, p.A9)

2015        Dec 31, Midwest floodwaters began receding. Three days of torrential rain, that had begun on Dec 26 across a wide swath of Missouri and Illinois, left 25 people dead.
    (SFC, 1/1/16, p.A7)(Econ, 1/9/16, p.25)

2016        Jan 29, Caterpillar says it plans to close five plants, causing a net reduction of about 670 jobs in Illinois and several other states, as part of a broader cost-cutting campaign announced last year.
    (AP, 1/17/16)

2016        May 31, Jurors in Chester, Ill., found former suburban police officer Drew Peterson (62) guilty of trying to hire someone to kill the prosecutor who helped to convict him in 2012 in the killing of his third wife. Peterson was already serving a 38-year sentence for the 2004 murder of Kathleen Savio. On July 29 Peterson was given an additional 40 years in prison.
    (SFC, 6/1/16, p.A8)(SFC, 7/30/16, p.A6)

2016        Nov 17, In Illinois a gas explosion rocked downtown Canton killing one person and injuring several others.
    (SFC, 11/17/16, p.A7)

2016        Dec 31, In southern Illinois four people were killed when their single-engine plane crashed in a wooded area of Johnson County.
    (SFC, 1/2/17, p.A4)

2017        Jan 1, In Illinois a new law took effect that mandated an hour of training for stylists, barbers, cosmetologists, hair braiders and nail technicians for abuse training as part of their licensing process.
    (SFC, 1/2/17, p.A4)

2017        Feb 28, Tornadoes and storms killed at least three people and destroyed homes in Illinois and Missouri. Tornado spotters reported at least 23 twisters in Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, Tennessee and Indiana.
    (Reuters, 3/1/17)(SFC, 3/2/17, p.A6)

2017        Jun 14, In Alexandria, Virginia, several people, including Republican Congressman Steve Scalise, were wounded in a Washington suburb early today when a gunman opened fire as they practiced for an annual baseball game between lawmakers. The gunman was killed and later identified as James T. Hodgkinson  (66) of Belleville, Illinois.
    (AFP, 6/14/17)(AFP, 6/15/17)

2017        Jul 6, The Illinois House voted to override Gov. Bruce Rauner’s vetoes of a budget package, giving the state its first spending blueprint in more than two years.
    (SFC, 7/7/17, p.A4)

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Subject = Illinois