Timeline Minnesota

Return to home

Facts: http://www.50states.com/minnesot.htm
Lycos:
http://infoplease.lycos.com/ipa/A0108230.html
Map:
http://g-lea.tamu.edu/map/minnesot.gif
Virtual Tourist:
http://www.vtourist.com/North_America/USA/Minnesota/

6200BC    The glacial lake Agassiz-Ojibway, body of water so vast that it covered parts of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, North Dakota, Ontario and Minnesota, massively drained, sending a flow of water into the Hudson Strait and the Labrador Sea. The sudden flood of fresh water diluted the saltiness of the Gulf Stream weakening its flow.
    (Econ, 9/9/06, Survey p.6)(AFP, 2/24/08)

1362-1363    A 202-pound stone with runic inscriptions, found in 1888 by Olaf and Edward Ohman, Swedish immigrant farmers in Kensington, Minn., seemed to describe how a party of Vikings had returned there after an exploratory survey, and found ten men left behind "red with blood and dead." Ever since the discovery, scholars have debated the stone’s authenticity.
    (SFEM, 11/15/98, p.25)(HNQ, 6/4/01)

1766        Jonathan Carver, an American-born British army officer, set out to cross the American continent, but was stopped in Minnesota by a war between the Sioux and Chippewa.
    (SFC, 1/31/04, p.D12)

1767        British explorer Jonathan Carver described petroglyph images of snakes and buffalo near a cave at bluffs in Minnesota called Wakan Tipi by the Dakota people.
    (LP, Spring 2006, p.23)

1815        Sep 8, Alexander Ramsey (d.1903), territorial governor of Minnesota (1849-1853), was born near Harrisburg, Pa.
    (www.bioguide.congress.gov)

1823        May 10, The 1st steamboat to navigate the Mississippi River arrived at Ft. Snelling (between St. Paul and Minneapolis).
    (MC, 5/10/02)

1830        Jul 15, 3 Indian tribes, Sioux, Sauk & Fox, signed a treaty giving the US most of Minnesota, Iowa & Missouri.
    (MC, 7/15/02)

1832        Jul 13, Henry Schoolcraft discovered the source of the Mississippi River in Minnesota. Henry Rowe Schoolcraft came upon the lake where the Mississippi starts and intended to call it Veritas Caput, the Latin for “true head." The name was too long and got shortened at both ends to Itasca.
    (SFC, 10/5/96, p.E3)(HN, 7/13/98)

1837        A treaty with the Chippewa Indians in Minnesota guaranteed their right to hunt and fish and gather wild rice on territory relinquished to the federal government.
    (SFC, 3/25/99, p.A8)

1844        Sep 5, Iron ore was discovered in Minnesota's Mesabi Range.
    (MC, 9/5/01)

1849        Mar 3, US Congress created the Minnesota Territory.
    (AP, 3/3/99)

1851        In Minnesota Chief Shakopee and the Dakota Indians were pressured into selling 24 million acres for pennies an acre. Food and money from the federal government was to be distributed to the Indians as part of the treaty.
    (WSJ, 2/5/98, p.A1,6)

1854        St. Paul, Minn., was founded.
    (USAT, 3/5/04, p.9A)

1856        In Minnesota Benedictine monks arrived in St. Cloud and established a priory. In 1865 they moved to the shores of Lake Sagatagan and the following year the priory was raised to the status of Abbey. In 1913 they established St. John’s University.
    {Minnesota, USA}
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_John's_Abbey) 

1858        May 11, Minnesota became the 32nd state of the Union.
    (AP, 5/11/97)

1861        Jun 29, William James Mayo, co-founder of the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota, was born.
    (HN, 6/29/98)

1862        Aug 8, Minnesota’s 5th Infantry fought the Sioux Indians in Redwood, Minn., and 24 soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 2/7/03, p.A23)

1862        Aug 17, The Sioux Uprising, which resulted in more than 800 white settlers dead and 38 Sioux Indians condemned and hanged, took place in Minnesota. The Sioux, or Minnesota, Uprising began when four young Sioux murdered five white settlers at Acton. The Santee Sioux, who lived on a long, narrow reservation on the south side of the Minnesota River, were reacting to broken government promises and corrupt Indian agents. a military court sentenced 303 Sioux to die, but President Abraham Lincoln reduced the list. The 38 hangings took place on December 26, 1862, in Mankato, Minn.
    (HNQ, 1/4/00)

1862        Aug 22, Santee Sioux  attacked Fort Ridgely, Minn.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1862        Sep 21, 300 Indians were sentenced to hang in Mankato, Minnesota.
    (MC, 9/21/01)

1862        Dec 6, President Lincoln ordered the hanging of 39 of the 303 convicted Indians who participated in the Sioux Uprising in Minnesota. They were to be hanged on Dec. 26. The Dakota Indians were going hungry when food and money from the federal government was not distributed as promised. They led a massacre that left over 400 white people dead. The uprising was put down and 300 Indians were sentenced to death. Pres. Lincoln reduced the number to 39, who were hanged. The government then nullified the 1851 treaty.
    (WSJ, 2/5/98, p.A6)(HN, 12/6/98)

1862        Dec 26, In Minnesota 38 Santee Sioux were hanged in Mankato for their part in the Sioux Uprising. This marked the end of the US-Dakota War. In 2012 a memorial was unveiled for the 38 hanged men, the largest mass execution in US history.
    (HN, 12/26/98)(SFC, 12/27/12, p.A8)

1885        Feb 7, Sinclair Lewis (d.1951), American novelist of satire and realism, was born in Sauk Centre, Minnesota. His books include "Arrowsmith" and "Elmer Gantry." "There are two insults which no human will endure: the assertion that he hasn’t a sense of humor, and the doubly impertinent assertion that he has never known trouble." "Winter is not a season, it's an occupation."
    (AP, 6/26/98)(AP, 12/22/99)(HNQ, 5/18/98)(HN, 2/7/99)

1870        Feb 15, Ground was broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn.
    (440 Int’l., 2/15/99)

1876        Sep 7, The James and Younger gang botched an attempt to rob the First National Bank of Northfield, Minn. Joseph Heywood, the bank teller, was shot and killed when he refused to open the safe. The 3 Younger brothers, Cole, Bob and Jim, were captured 2 weeks later in a swamp near Madelia. 3 others were killed. Photos of all 6 were taken at the time and identified by Cole Younger, who wrote the names on the pictures. The pictures sold at auction in 1999 for $39,100. The raid was reenacted in 1948 and became a regular event in 1970.
    (HN, 9/7/98)(WSJ, 10/29/99, p.W16)(WSJ, 9/6/01, p.A20)(MT, Summer 02, p.22)

1880-1920    Over 2 billion board feet of white pine were shipped out of northern Minnesota to build the towns and cities of a growing America. In 2004 Jeff Forester authored “The Forest for the Trees: How Humans shaped the North Woods."
    (NH, 10/1/04, p.70)

1883        The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, originally the Minneapolis Society of Fine Arts, was established. The museum building, designed by the firm of McKim, Mead and White, opened its doors in 1915.  In 1974, the Japanese architect Kenzo Tange was commissioned to design needed additions to McKim, Mead and White’s neoclassical structure. Now in the 1990s, with finds from the Institute’s New Beginnings Campaign, the museum building is being renovated, the collections reinstalled, and state-of-the-art technology introduces to help visitors and members interpret the works of art.
    (MIA, www, 1999)

1885        Feb 7, Sinclair Lewis, novelist of satire and realism, was born in Sauk Centre, Minnesota. His books include "Arrowsmith" and "Elmer Gantry."
    (HNQ, 5/18/98)(HN, 2/7/99)

1886        The St. Paul Winter Carnival began.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.T6)

1886        Richard W. Sears began selling watches in North Redwood, Minn. In 1887 he opened a Chicago headquarters after hiring watchmaker Alvah C. Roebuck. In 1888 the 1st Sears catalog sold watches and jewelry. [see 1893]
    (SFC, 11/18/04, p.B1)

1887        Feb 8, Aurora Ski Club of Red Wing, Minn., became the 1st US ski club.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1888        Olaf and Edward Ohman, a Swedish immigrant farmer, while digging up tree stumps in Kensington, came upon a 202-pound stone with runic inscriptions. Dated to 1363 (1362) the inscriptions seemed to describe how a party of Vikings had returned to this spot after an exploratory survey, and found ten men left behind “red with blood and dead." Ever since the discovery, scholars have debated the stone’s authenticity.
    (SFEM, 11/15/98, p.25)(HNQ, 6/4/01)

1889        Sep 16, Robert Younger, in Minnesota's Stillwater Penitentiary for life, died of tuberculosis. Brothers Cole and Bob remained in that prison.
    (HN, 9/16/98)

1889        Nov 12, DeWitt Wallace, founder of Reader’s Digest (1921), was born in St. Paul, Minn.
    (HN, 11/12/00)(MC, 11/12/01)

1891        George A. Hormel, son of German immigrants, opened a small retail meat shop in Austin, Minn. Within months he opened a packinghouse. His son Jay became president in 1929. Their canned ham product, developed in 1926, was named Spam on Jan 1, 1937, and registered as a trademark on May 11, 1937.
    (SFEM, 6/16/96, BR p.26)(WSJ, 4/29/04, p.D10)(www.hormel.com)

1892        Jun 10, The Republican National Convention in Minneapolis nominated President Harrison for re-election and Whitelaw Reid for vice president. (Harrison, however, lost the election to former President Cleveland.)
    (AP, 6/10/97)

1882        The Globe Files Co. was founded in Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1898 it introduced a vertical filing system.
    (SFC, 8/9/06, p.G3)
1893        Otto H.L. Wernicke founded the Wernicke Furniture Co. in Minneapolis, Minn., to manufacture his patented elastic bookcases, later known as stackable bookcases. In 1897 he moved the business to Grand Rapids, Mich.
    (SFC, 8/9/06, p.G3)

1894        Sep 1, The Great Hinckley Fire destroyed Hinckley, Minn., and five other communities and killed over 400 people.
    (WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(AP, 9/1/08)

1896        Sep 24, American author F. Scott Fitzgerald (d.1940) was born in St. Paul, Minnesota. He wrote about the "Jazz Age" between World War I and World War II. He published his first novel in 1920, "This Side of Paradise," and gained instant acclaim and celebrity, marrying Zelda Sayre shortly afterward. In 1924, Fitzgerald wrote what has become his best-known novel, "The Great Gatsby." Although it was not especially popular at the time, as more readers began to appreciate the novel for its perspective of how materialism drives people, it became an American classic. As years passed, Fitzgerald battled alcoholism and his wife sought treatment for her mental illness. He died in Hollywood at age 45 in 1940. "If you're strong enough, there are no precedents."
    (HFA, ‘96, p.38)(AP, 9/24/97)(HNPD, 9/24/98)(HN, 9/24/98)(AP, 8/16/99)

1896        The Minneapolis Millers won the Western League baseball pennant. All the stars of the team were soon drafted by the National League and the following year it became one of the worst teams in the Western League.
    (ON, 6/09, p.10)

1900        Charles Comiskey, manager of the National League’s Cincinnati Reds, bought the Western League’s St. Paul team and moved it to Chicago as the White Stockings.
    (ON, 6/09, p.11)

1901        Sep. 2, Vice President Theodore Roosevelt offered the advice, "Speak softly and carry a big stick," in a speech at the Minnesota State Fair.
    (AP, 9/2/97)

1902        Feb 4, Charles Lindbergh (d.1974), the first man to fly solo across the Atlantic (1927), was born in Detroit and grew up in Minnesota.
    (HN, 2/4/99)(www.charleslindbergh.com/history/index.asp)

1902        George Draper Dayton started a dry goods store in Minneapolis that grew to become the Dayton Hudson chain. It was renamed Target in 1999. Kenneth Macke (1938-2008) led Dayton Hudson from 1983 to 1994.
    (SFC, 7/2/08, p.B7)

1903        Feb 16, At Pokegama, Minnesota, temperatures fell to a record state low of 59 degrees below zero.
    (SFC, 2/16/09, p.D10)

1906        The Red Wing Union Stoneware Co. began operating in Red Wing, Minnesota. In 1936 it became Red Wing Potteries, which closed in 1967.
    (SFC, 1/2/08, p.G3)

1907        Apr 13, Harold E. Stassen (d.2001), later 3-term governor, was born on a truck farm in W. St. Paul.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A24)(MC, 4/13/02)

1907        Sep 17, Warren Earl Burger, the 15th chief justice of the United States (1969-86), was born in St. Paul, Minn.
    (AP, 9/17/07)

1909        Mar 1, 1st US university school of nursing established, University of Minnesota.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1909-1993    The 1997 novel “Deluge" by Albertine Strong follows the destinies of the Dibikamig clan of the Chippewa in Minnesota.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, BR p.3)

1910        Nov 22, Amy Elizabeth Thorpe, a Minnesota-born British spy known as "Cynthia" was born in Minneapolis. She has been described as World War II's "Mata Hari." Family and friends called her Betty. William Stephenson, who ran Great Britain’s World War II intelligence activities in the Western Hemisphere, would one day give her a code name--"Cynthia." She reputedly was one of the most successful spies in history.
    (HNQ, 3/14/01)

1912        Eric B. Savage incorporated his M.W. Savage Factories in Minneapolis. His was one of the first mail-order furniture houses.
    (SFC, 5/9/07, p.G7)

1913        Jun 18, Robert Mondavi was born in the mining town of Virginia, Minn. The family moved to California in 1921 and went into the grape business in Lodi.
    (SFC, 6/18/03, p.A16)

1913        Nov 4, Gig Young, actor (They Shoot Horses Don't They), was born in St. Cloud, Minn.
    (MC, 11/4/01)

1913        Industrialist Charles Gates introduced the 1st residential air-conditioning in his Minneapolis mansion.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R37)

1914        Aug 13, Carl Wickman began Greyhound, the 1st US bus line, in Minnesota.
    (MC, 8/13/02)

1915        Jan 6, John Cunningham Lilly (d.2001), was born in Saint Paul. He later became a medical doctor and dolphin and counter culture researcher
    (SFC, 10/6/01, p.A18)

1916        Mar 29, Eugene McCarthy, U.S. senator and 1968 presidential candidate, was born in Watkins, Minn.
    (HN, 3/29/01)(MC, 3/29/02)

1918        May 9, Orville Freeman, (Gov-D-Minn.), Sec of Agriculture (1961-69), was born in Minneapolis.
    (MC, 5/9/02)

1918        Sep 25, John Ireland, Irish and US archbishop of St Paul, died at 80.
    (MC, 9/25/01)

1918        Oct 12, The Cloquet Fire erupted in Minnesota. 453 lives were lost and 52,000 people were injured or displaced, 38 communities were destroyed, 250,000 acres (1,000 km2) were burned. In 1990 Francis M. Carroll authored “Fires of Autumn: The Cloquet-Moose Lake Disaster of 1918."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1918_Cloquet_Fire)(http://tinyurl.com/jesjlks)(AP, 10/12/08)

1919        May 29, Charles P. Strite of Minnesota filed for a patent for a pop-up toaster. His US patent: 1,394,450 was issued October 18, 1921.
    (www.ideafinder.com/history/inventions/toaster.htm)

1919        Nov 10, The American Legion held its first national convention, in Minneapolis.
    (AP, 11/10/97)

1920        Feb 1, 1st commercial armored car was introduced in St. Paul, Minn.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1920        Feb 16, Patty Andrews, vocalist (Andrews Sisters), was born in Minneapolis.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

1920        Jun 15, Three African Americans were lynched in Duluth, Minnesota, by a white mob of 5,000.
    (HN, 6/15/98)

1921        Jun 21, Jane Russell (d.2011), film star, was born in Bemidji, Minn.
    (SFC, 3/1/11, p.A7)

1921        The Minneapolis-based Washburn Crosby (later General Mills), purveyors of Gold Medal Flour, invented Betty Crocker to serve as a public image food expert. In 2005 Susan Marks authored “Finding Betty Crocker."
    (WSJ, 12/30/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/25/05, p.W10)

1922        Jun 10, Judy Garland, singer-actress was born as Frances Ethel Gumm in Grand Rapids, Minn. She starred in The Wizard of Oz and Easter Parade.
    (AP, 6/10/97)(HN, 6/10/99)

1922        Jul 31, Ralph Samuelson (18) rode the world's 1st water skis in Minn.
    (MC, 7/31/02)

1923        May 26, James Arness, actor (Gunsmoke), was born in Minneapolis, MN.
    (HN, 5/26/01)(MC, 5/26/02)

1924        In Le Sueur, Minn., The Green Giant was conceived to promote a new European variety of peas called "Prince of Wales" for the Minnesota Valley Canning Co. Sales of Green Giants began in 1925.
    (SFC, 8/10/99, p.C4)

1928        Jan 5, Walter Mondale, 42nd Vice President (1977-1981) of the U.S., was born. He was the Democratic presidential nominee who lost to Ronald Reagan in 1984, and Ambassador to Japan.
    (HN, 1/5/99)

1928        Alfred W. Erickson (d.1997 at 90) opened a general store in western Wisconsin that grew to become one of the largest private companies in Minnesota, Holiday Cos.
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.A17)

1930        Dec 29, Fred P. Newton completed the longest swim ever (1826 miles), when he swam the Mississippi River from Ford Dam, Minn, to New Orleans.
    (MC, 12/29/01)

1930        US Congress passed the first federal wilderness preservation law and set aside over 1 million acres in northern Minnesota as the Superior Primitive Area.
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, Z1 p.6)

1933        Nov 13, The 1st modern sit-down strike began with Hormel meat packers in Austin, Minn.
    (MC, 11/13/01)

1933        The Minnesota Mortgage Moratorium Law of 1933 was enacted to help farmers hold on to their property during the Depression.
    (WSJ, 5/1/08, p.A15)

1934        Aug 18, Vincent Bugliosi, attorney, author (Helter-Skelter), was born in Hibbing, Minn.
    (MC, 8/18/02)

1934        The US Supreme Court decided in Home Building & Loan Association v. Blaisdell to back the home owner as opposed to the lender in a mortgage payment dispute. The Minnesota state court had earlier ruled that Minnesota law protected the home owners from foreclosure for 2 years.
    (WSJ, 5/1/08, p.A15)

1935        Reporter Howard Guilford was shotgunned to death. The state had indicted him 19 times under false charges of which he was acquitted.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, BR p.10)

1936        Feb 24, Reporter Walter W. Liggett (b.1886) was murdered in front of his wife and daughter. He had opposed Gov. Floyd Olson, who had been elected to control the Farmer-Labor party. In 1998 his daughter, Marda Liggett Woodbury, published “Stopping the Presses: The Murder of Walter W. Liggett."
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, BR p.4,10)

1937        Jan 1, At a party at the Hormel Mansion in Minnesota, a guest won $100 for naming a new canned meat-Spam. SPAM was originally called Hormel Spiced Ham in 1936 without much success.
    (HN, 1/1/00)(http://tinyurl.com/3soounh)

1937        May 11, Spam, a canned ham by Hormel, was registered as a trademark. It was introduced to the public as Spam on July 5, 1937.
    (WSJ, 4/29/04, p.D10)(http://tinyurl.com/3soounh)

1937        Jul 5, SPAM was unveiled by Hormel Foods. It was precooked pork and ham in a can, with a little potato starch, salt, and sugar. Sodium nitrate was added to keep it pink; without it, pork tends to turn gray. At 10 cents a can it was a big hit.
    (http://tinyurl.com/pzr4hu8)

1938        Harold E. Stassen (31) defeated Gov. Elmer A Benson and became the youngest governor ever elected in any US state.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A24)

1938        Curtis L. Carlson (d.1999 at 84) borrowed $55 and created the Gold Bond Stamp Co. which made trading stamps for grocery stores to attract customers. He parlayed the operation into large real estate holdings that included the Radisson Hotel which he expanded to a 350-hotel chain.
    (SFC, 2/23/99, p.A22)

1940        Nov 22, Terry Gilliam, comedy author-animator (Monty Python), was born in Minneapolis.
    (MC, 11/22/01)

1941        Mar 15, A blizzard in North Dakota killed 151. [see Mar 16]
    (MC, 3/15/02)

1941        Mar 16, A blizzard hit North Dakota and Minnesota killing 60. [see Mar 15]
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1941        May 24, Robert Allen Zimmerman (aka Bob Dylan), singer and songwriter, was born in Minnesota.
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.E3)(HN, 5/24/98)

1941        The US Army asked Prof. Ancel Keys (1904-2004) of the Univ. of Minnesota to help develop an army ration that soldiers could carry in combat. His package was called the K ration.
    (SFC, 11/24/04, p.B6)

1942        Mar 7, Tamara Faye LaValley (d.2007) was born in International Falls, Minn. She later married fellow bible college student Jim Bakker. Together they established a Christian talk variety show, the PTL Club, which collapsed in 1987 amid a sex and money scandal.
    (SSFC, 7/22/07, p.B7)

1943        Apr, Gov. Harold Stassen resigned and joined the Navy. He served as assistant chief of staff to Adm. William Halsey. Pres. Roosevelt later appointed him to the US delegation to the meeting that drafted the UN charter.
    (SSFC, 3/11/01, p.A5)

1944        Jul 21, Paul Wellstone, (Sen-D-Minnesota), was born.
    (MC, 7/21/02)

1946        Jul 28, Linda Kelsey, actress (Kate-Day by Day), was born in Minneapolis, Minn.
    (SC, 7/28/02)

1949        Earl Bakken (b.1924) founded Medtronic in Minneapolis, Minn.
    (Econ, 3/14/09, SR p.17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earl_Bakken)

1950        Jun 27, Julia Duffy, actress (Stephanie-Newhart, Baby Talk), was born in Minneapolis, Minn.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1951        Mar 16, Hastened by short winter, all spring flowers opened in Minneapolis.
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1952        Jul 15, Jesse Ventura, [James Janos], wrestler, actor, politician (MN Governor), was born.
    (MC, 7/15/02)

1953        Jul 22, The Theodore Hamm Brewing Co. of St. Paul, Minn., purchased the Rainier Brewing Co. at 1550 Bryant St., SF, for $1,809,937. The trade name had already been sold to Sick Brewery Enterprises of Seattle.
(SFC, 7/18/03, p.E5)

1955        Mar 22, Linda Stout became the first person at Mayo Clinic, and the second person in the world, to have open-heart surgery with the aid of a heart-lung bypass machine.
    (www.mayoclinic.org/history/)

1956        A new shopping mall in Edina, Minn., the 1st enclosed shopping mall, was designed as a center of community by Victor Gruen (1903-1980). In 2004 Paco Underhill authored "Call of the Mall," an account of the decline of the shopping mall.
    (WSJ, 12/24/03, p.D7)(WSJ, 1/30/04, p.W9)(Econ, 12/22/07, p.102)

1957        Aug 19, The first balloon flight to exceed 100,000 feet took off from Crosby, Minnesota. US Major David Simons reached 30,933 m. in a balloon.
    (HN, 8/19/00)(MC, 8/19/02)

1957        A group of teachers near Lake Minnetonka created a toy dump truck named Tonka trucks in honor of the nearby lake.
    (SFC, 7/3/99, p.B3)

1958        Feb 19, Hail the size of baseballs was reported with flash lightning over parts of Minneapolis.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1958        Jun 7, Prince Rogers Nelson, rock star later known as Prince, was born in Minneapolis, Minn.
    (WSJ, 3/30/04, p.B1)

1958        Oct 4, In Minnesota a single engine military Cessna L-19 crashed into Green Lake and took the life of Captain Richard P. Carey, 36, who was returning to the Willmar airfield from Rochester. The pane was recovered in 2005.
    (AP, 8/14/05)

1959        Feb 4, In Fargo, N.D., Bobby Vee (15), aka Robert Veline, and the Shadows performed in public for the first time. The audience had come to see Buddy Holly and the Crickets. Rock-n-roll stars, including Dion and the Belmonts, traveled by bus from Iowa to Fargo in order to perform in nearby Moorhead, Minn.
    (SFEC, 1/31/99, p.A24)(WSJ, 2/25/99, p.A16)

1960        George Leonard Herter (1911-1994), Minnesota-born catalogue writer, published his “Bull Cook and Authentic Historical Recipes and Practices." Herter was later considered the prince of fantasy food historians.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4lgjf)(www.archeryarchives.com/herterhistory.html)

1960        The Washington Senators, a baseball team in the American League, moved from Washington, D.C., to Minnesota at the end of 1960 and became the Minnesota Twins.
    (HNQ, 6/29/01)

1961        Elmer L. Anderson (1909-2005), liberal Republican, began serving a 2-year term as governor of Minnesota.
    (SFC, 11/17/04, p.B8)

1963        May, The Guthrie Theater opened next door to the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis. It was designed by Ralph Rapson and led by Tyrone Guthrie. Plans in 2002 called for it to be razed for a 4-acre sculpture garden.
    (WSJ, 7/9/02, p.D6)

1965        Apr 17, A stretch of the Mississippi River near Minneapolis crested at a record high. Flooding caused $100 million in damages and left 12 people dead.
    (SFC, 4/17/09, p.D8)

1966        In St. Paul, Minn. Richard M. Schulze and business partner James Wheeler opened Sound of Music, an audio specialty store. The business was renamed Best Buy in 1983. Schulze seved as CEO until 2002. He resigned as chairman in 2012 after it was disclosed that he was aware of of the CEO’s affair with an employee and did not disclose it to the board.
    (SSFC, 4/15/12, p.D3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Best_Buy)(SFC, 5/15/12, p.D3)

1967        Feb 10, The 25th Amendment to the Constitution, dealing with presidential disability and succession, went into effect as Minnesota and Nevada adopted it.
    (HFA, '96, p.22)(AP, 2/10/08)

1968        May 28, Minnesota Senator Eugene McCarthy beat Sen. Robert F. Kennedy in the Democratic primary in Oregon.
    (http://news.minnesota.publicradio.org/features/2005/06/15_newsroom_mccarthytimeline/)

1968        James Patrick Shannon (d.2003), auxiliary bishop of St. Paul, Minn., resigned following reprimands over his views over birth control and the Vietnam War. In 1999 he authored "Reluctant Dissenter."
    (SSFC, 9/14/03, p.A27)

1969        Aug 2, Bob Dylan made a surprise appearance at the Minn. Hibbing High School 10-year reunion.
    (http://oldies.about.com/od/oldieshistory/a/august2.htm)

1969        Mdewakanton Dakota Indians were granted 248 acres of their ancestral lands.
    (WSJ, 2/5/98, p.A6)

1969        The first hip replacement in the US was performed at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, PM, p.5)

1970        Sep 19, “The Mary Tyler Moore Show" with Ed Asner debuted on CBS TV and ran to 1977. Mary Richards threw her hat at 7th St. and Nicollet Ave. in Minneapolis for the opening credits. In 2001 the city planned a $150,000 statue of Mary to be made by Gwendolyn Gillen of Wisconsin.
    (SFEC, 5/24/98, DB p.39)(AP, 9/19/00)(WSJ, 6/19/01, p.A1)

1971        The Walker Art Center in Minneapolis, designed by Edward Larrabee Barnes (1915-2004), was completed.
    (SFC, 9/24/04, p.B7)

1972        Jan, Poet John Berryman (b.1914) leaped to his death from a bridge above the Mississippi River. He was teaching a graduate course at the Univ. of Minnesota on America’s character as revealed by its poets. Carl Rakosi took over the class.
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, BR p.1)

1974        Jul 6, Garrison Keillor made his 1st live broadcast of "A Prairie Home Companion" from Macalester College in St. Paul, Minn. In 2003 the show drew some 3.9 million listeners weekly. The show ended in 1987 and resumed in New York in 1989. It returned to Minnesota in 1993.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, DB p.13)(SFC, 12/20/00, p.E5)(SFC, 9/4/03, p.E12)

1974        Dec, Allan Spear (1937-2008), Minnesota state senator, announced that he was gay, becoming only one of two openly gay legislators in the country.
    (SFC, 10/14/08, p.B5)

1976        Aug, James Byron Haakenson (16), who had run away from his home in St. Paul, Minnesota, disappeared in Chicago. In 1978 police found his body and 26 others in the crawl space beneath the home of John Wayne Gacy, in Norwood Park Township. In 2017 Illinois investigators used DNA evidence to identify Haakenson’s body.
    (SFC, 7/27/17, p.A6)

1976        Sep 16, The Episcopal Church, at its General Convention in Minneapolis, formally approved the ordination of women as priests and bishops.
    (AP, 9/16/01)

1977        Aug 28, Ralph Samuelson (b.1904), the acknowledged father of water skiing, died on Pine Island, Minnesota.
    (ON, 8/12, p.12)( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_Samuelson)

1978        Jan 13, Former Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey died in Waverly, Minn., at age 66.
    (AP, 1/13/98)

1978        Feb 6, Muriel Humphrey took the oath of office as a US senator from Minnesota, filling the seat of her late husband, former Vice President Hubert Humphrey.
    (AP, 2/6/97)

1979        Oct 23, Billy Martin (1928-1989), NY Yankee baseball manager, was involved in a barroom altercation when he sucker punched Joseph Cooper, a Minnesota marshmallow salesman. Cooper required 15 stitches. Martin was fired.
    (www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/October_23)

1979        Nov 20, The first US artificial blood transfusion occurred at Univ. of Minn. Hospital. The patient was a Jehovah's Witness, who had refused a transfusion of real blood because of his religious beliefs.
    (www.todayinsci.com/11/11_20.htm)

1982         In Minneapolis, Minn., the new $88.5 million, enclosed Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome opened. It replaced the Metropolitan Stadium over which the 1992 Mall of America was built.
    (WSJ, 1/7/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/8/03, p.D8)

1982        The Duluth Herald merged with the Duluth News.
    (SFC, 10/11/02, p.A24)

1984        In Bemidji, Minn., the first low-power TV station began operating under special FCC license.
    (WSJ, 6/5/98, p.A1)

1985        Aug 17, More than 1,400 meatpackers walked off the job at the Geo. A. Hormel and Co.'s main plant in Austin, Minn., in a bitter strike that lasted just over a year.
    (AP, 8/17/05)

1985        Dec 19, In Minneapolis, Minnesota, Mary Lund became the first woman to receive a Jarvik VII artificial heart. Lund received a human heart transplant 45 days later; she died October 14, 1986.
    (AP, 12/19/05)

1985        The St. Paul Pioneer Press merged with the St. Paul Dispatch.
    (SFC, 10/11/02, p.A24)

1987        Jun 13, The last regularly scheduled episode of "A Prairie Home Companion," starring humorist Garrison Keillor, was broadcast from the old World Theater in St. Paul, Minn.
    (AP, 6/13/97)

1987        Oct 17, The 1st indoor World Series game took place at the Minnesota Metrodome.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1987_World_Series)

1988        Sep 10, Gretchen Elizabeth Carlson of Minnesota was crowned Miss America.
    (AP, 9/10/98)

1989        Oct 22, Jacob Erwin Wetterling (b.1978) was abducted in St. Joseph, Minnesota. Neither he or his abductor have been found. In 1994, the Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act, more simply known as the Jacob Wetterling Act, was passed in his honor.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Wetterling)

1989        Steve Shussler of Minneapolis founded the Rainforest Café. It grew to 30 US locations by 2000.
    (SFC, 6/23/00, p.C1)

1990        Jun 3, President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev concluded their Washington summit with a joint news conference at the White House. Gorbachev and his delegation then flew to Minnesota for a whirlwind tour of Minneapolis-St. Paul.
    (AP, 6/3/00)

1990        Jul 25, The US Senate formally denounced Senator Dave Durenberger (Republican, Minnesota) for financial improprieties.
    (AP, 7/25/00)

1991        Oct 4, Leonard C. Odell died at age 83. He and his older brother Allan (d.1994) wrote some 7,000 Burma Shave poems beginning in 1925 in rural Minnesota. The Burma-Shave phenomenon faded in 1963, when Phillip Morris bought Burma-Vita and the signs began to come down.
    (http://tinyurl.com/f4s8h)(www.two-lane.com/burmashave.html)

1991        Oct 13, The Minnesota Twins won the American League pennant, defeating the Toronto Blue Jays 8-5 at SkyDome.
    (AP, 10/13/01)

1991        Oct 27, The Minnesota Twins won the World Series, beating the Atlanta Braves 1-0 in the bottom of the 10th inning in the seventh and deciding game.
    (AP, 10/27/01)

1991        Paul Wellstone (d.2002), Minnesota college professor, was elected as a US Senator over Rep. Sen. Rudy Boschwitz. In 2001 He authored “The Conscience of a Liberal."
    (WSJ, 5/15/01, p.A24)(SFC, 10/26/02, p.A8)
1991        Minnesota became the first state to pass a law allowing charter schools.
    (WSJ, 12/24/96, p.A1)

1992        Aug 11, The Mall of America, the biggest shopping mall in the country, opened in Bloomington, Minn.
    (AP, 8/11/97)

1992        The Mdewakanton Dakota Indians, a tribe of 270 people, opened their Mystic Lake casino complex on their 248 acres of tribal land.
    (WSJ, 2/5/98, p.A1,6)

1992        Members of the militia group called the Minnesota Patriots Council plotted to kill law enforcement officials with ricin, a lethal toxin extracted from the castor bean. Two men were arrested in the plot.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A9)

1993        Dec 1, Eighteen people were killed when a Northwest Airlink commuter plane crashed in Minnesota.
    (AP, 12/1/98)

1993        Minnesota’s National Hockey League team was spirited out of St. Paul.
    (SSFC, 1/21/01, p.T6)

1993        Minnesota passed a law requiring cemeteries to bury the dead all winter as long as families were willing to pay the extra cost.
    (WSJ, 5/7/99, p.A1)

1994        Jan 17, Allan Odell died at age 90. He and his younger brother Leonard (d.1991) wrote some 7,000 Burma Shave poems beginning in 1925 in rural Minnesota. The Burma-Shave phenomenon faded in 1963, when Phillip Morris bought Burma-Vita and the signs began to come down.
    (http://tinyurl.com/es9ab)(www.two-lane.com/burmashave.html)

1994        Mar, Minnesota officials issued an arrest warrant for Shawn Sullivan on charges of molesting 2 girls (11) and raping another (14). He escaped to Ireland as prosecutors prepared to file charges, and while staying there was convicted of sexually assaulting two 12-year-old girls. In 2010 he was arrested in London. In 2012 Britain's High Court blocked a US government bid to extradite him to Minnesota, saying the state's restrictive treatment program for sex offenders was far too draconian.
    (AP, 6/28/12)(www.startribune.com/local/south/134474288.html)


1994        Jun 4, Gregory Scarpa, nicknamed The Grim Reaper, died in a Minnesota prison. He was a soldier for the Colombo crime family and an informant for the FBI.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregory_Scarpa_Sr.)

1994        At the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota the 1st successful heart-lung transplant was performed.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, PM, p.5)(www.mayoclinic.org/patientinfo/)

1995        Jan 12, Qubilah Shabazz, the daughter of Malcolm X, was arrested in Minneapolis on charges that she had tried to hire a hitman to kill Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan; the charges were later dropped.
    (AP, 1/12/00)

1995        Minnesota schoolchildren discovered gross deformities in frogs during a field trip with their teacher. In 1999 researchers reported that a parasitic flatworm trematode was responsible for many from deformities. Cercariae cysts dissolved in the digestive tracts of birds supply worm eggs that incubate in aquatic snails and are released to attack frogs.
    (SFC, 4/29/99, p.A4,5)

1997        A concept called "circle sentencing" began on the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation. It involved community-imposed sentences for nonviolent misdemeanors. The program was fashioned after practices by the First Nation Indians in the Yukon Territory.
    (SFC, 2/15/99, p.A3)

1998        Feb 20, UN Ambassador Bill Richardson was shouted down by protestors against the invasion of Iraq at the Univ. of Minnesota. He abandoned his speech.
    (SFC, 2/21/98, p.A8)

1998        Mar 29, Twisters from St. Peter to Comfrey damaged an estimated 819 homes and left 2 people dead.
    (SFC, 3/31/98, p.A3)

1998        May 8, The tobacco industry agreed to pay $6.6 billion to settle a suit with the state of Minnesota as the state's lawsuit was about to go to a jury. The settlement included restrictions on sales and marketing with payments spread over 25 years. Minnesota became the fourth state to settle with the tobacco industry over the costs of treating smoking-related illnesses.
    (SFC, 5/9/98, p.A3)(AP, 5/8/99)

1998        Sep 3, In St. Paul Khoua Her (24), a Hmong refugee from Laos, reported that she had strangled her 6 children ages 5-11. Police took her into custody after finding the 6 bodies. During the course of the investigation, police learned that Her had her first child at age 13 in a Thai refugee camp. In a plea deal, Khoua Her received 50 years in prison on six counts of second-degree murder.
    (SFC, 9/5/98, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/r6pje)

1998        Nov 3, In Minnesota Jesse “The Body" Ventura, a former wrestler, was elected governor.
    (SFC, 11/4/98, p.A3)

1998        Nov 10, A heavy snow storm hit the northern Midwest. Minnesota, Wisconsin and the Dakotas suffered loss of power, heavy snow and violent winds.
    (SFC, 11/11/98, p.A3)

1998        Dec 11, A natural gas explosion in St. Cloud killed 4 people after construction workers hit a gas line.
    (SFC, 12/12/98, p.A12)

1999        Jan 4, Jesse Ventura took the oath of office as the 38th governor.
    (SFC, 1/5/99, p.A3)

1999        Jun 16, Kathleen Ann Soliah, a fugitive member of the Symbionese Liberation Army, was captured in St. Paul, Minnesota, where she had made a new life under the name Sara Jane Olson.
    (AP, 6/16/00)

1999        Mar, The US Supreme Court ruled to uphold an 1837 treaty with the Chippewa Indians for hunting and fishing on 13 million acres of public land in Minnesota.
    (SFC, 3/25/99, p.A8)

1999        May 13, Jesse Ventura published his autobiography: I Ain't Got Time to Bleed: Reworking the Body Politic From the Bottom Up."
    (SFC, 5/14/99, p.A3)

1999        May 17, The Legislature overrode a veto by Gov. Ventura and passed a bill to allow accident victims to sue over defective seat belts.
    (SFC, 5/18/99, p.A3)

1999        Jun 30, Farrah Slad of Brainerd, Minn., (21) won the $150 million Powerball lottery. She chose to receive a lump sum of $50.4 million after taxes.
    (SFC, 7/2/99, p.A3)

1999        Jul 3, A power boat collision on the St. Croix River left as many as 8 people dead.
    (SFC, 7/5/99, p.A7)

1999        Sep, Percy Ross (83) published his final syndicated "Thanks a Million" column, which he used to share his fortune with people who wrote in good sob stories. He was reported to have given out $20-30 million over the last 17 years.
    (SFC, 9/29/99, p.A3)

2000        Feb 11, Gov. Jesse Ventura cut his ties to the Reform Party.
    (SFC, 2/12/00, p.A3)

2000        Apr 4, It was reported that the Hmong population reached an estimated 60,000, the largest concentration of Hmong outside Southeast Asia.
    (WSJ, 4/4/00, p.B1)

2000        Jun 25, The US Green party nominated Ralph Nader as its presidential candidate with running mate Winona LaDuke, an Ojibwe activist from Minnesota.
    (SFC, 6/26/00, p.A3)

2000        Jul 24, In Minneapolis, Minn., 80 people were arrested as demonstrators protested against a meeting of the Int’l. Society for Animal Genetics.
    (SFC, 7/25/00, p.A4)

2000        Oct 10, Rep. Bruce Vento, a 12-term liberal Democrat, died at age 60. He championed environmental and homeless causes. The Bruce Vento Nature Sanctuary in St. Paul was named in his honor.
    (SFC, 10/12/00, p.C2)(LP, Spring 2006, p.25)

2000        The XCel Energy Center was completed in St. Paul at a cost of $130 mil.
    (SFC, 5/21/01, p.A3)

2000        Garth Willis of St. Paul, Minn., founded the Alpine Fund to train local Kyrgyzstan children as mountain guides.
    (SSFC, 11/24/02, p.F5)

2001        Jan 31, Gordon Dickson, Science-fiction author of over 80 books, died at age 77 in Richfield, Minn. His “Lost Dorsai" series spanned from 1400-2400AD.
    (SFC, 2/3/01, p.A16)

2001        Mar 4, Harold E. Stassen (93), former Minnesota 3-term Gov. and perennial presidential candidate, died in Bloomington, Minn. In 2013 Alec Kirby, David G. Dalin and Jon F. Rothmann authored “Harold E. Stassen: The Life and Perennial Candidacy of the Progressive Republican."
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A24)(AP, 3/4/02)(SSFC, 6/9/13, p.F7)

2001        Aug 16, Zacarias Moussaoui (33), a French citizen of Moroccan descent, was arrested in Eagan, Minnesota, on immigration charges. He was taking lessons on flying Boeing jets with no interest in taking off or landing. He was later suspected as a 5th member of one of the Sep 11 WTC attack teams. In Nov the FBI reported that Moussaoui wanted to learn how to take off and land but not to fly. Mueller also said Ramzi Omar of Yemen, aka Ramsi Binalshibh, may have been the 20th hijacker. The local FBI contacted the CIA for action on Moussaoui when FBI managers failed to take action. Agent Coleen Rowley later charged that senior officials fumbled an opportunity to possibly prevent the Sep 11 terrorist attacks.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A7)(SFC, 11/15/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 2/4/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/24/02, p.A1)(SFC, 5/25/02, p.A1)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A14)

2001        Oct 1, Some 28,000 state workers went on strike over wage disputes.
    (SFC, 10/2/01, p.A9)

2001        Oct 14, Unions in Minnesota reached a deal with the state to end a walkout by some 23,000 government workers.
    (SFC, 10/15/01, p.E3)

2001        Oct 24, A blizzard hit North Dakota and Minnesota. The 10 inches of snow broke a 1926 record.
    (WSJ, 10/25/01, p.A1)

2001        Nov 11-16, In St. Cloud, Minn., three healthy men died following knee surgeries from infections of Clostridium sordellii.
    (SFC, 11/28/01, p.A5)

2002        Feb 23, Penn State pole vaulter Kevin Dare died after landing on his head during the Big Ten indoor championships in Minneapolis.
    (AP, 2/23/07)

2002        Feb 24, Dr. Donna Anderson of Minnesota arrived at the home of her former husband in Burlingame and stabbed to death her son (13). Anderson attempted to plead guilty and said she was the target of a ring of child pornographers. A judge halted criminal proceedings and called for an evaluation of mental competency.
    (SFC, 2/25/02, p.B1)(SFC, 3/2/02, p.A19)

2002        May 7, Lucas John Helder (21) of Pine Island, Minn., was arrested following a car chase near Lovelock, Nevada, and charged for the recent series of mailbox pipe bombs. Helder said he was trying to make a "smiley face" pattern on the map of his bombings. His series of rural mailbox bombings left six people wounded in Illinois and Iowa. Helder has since been found incompetent to stand trial.
    (SFC, 5/8/02, p.A1)(SFC, 5/10/02, p.A3)(AP, 5/7/07)

2002        Jun 18, Minnesota Gov. Jesse Ventura announced he would not seek a second term.
    (AP, 6/18/03)(SFC, 6/19/02, p.A2)

2002        Jun, The Spam Museum opened in Astin, Minn.
    (WSJ, 4/29/04, p.D10)

2002        Oct 10, Bernard Ridder Jr. (85), former St. Paul, Minn., newspaper executive, died in California. He was the head or Ridder Publications when it merged with the Knight group in 1974.
    (SFC, 10/11/02, p.A24)

2002        Oct 25, In Minnesota a small plane crash killed Sen. Paul Wellstone (58), his wife, daughter and 5 others. His re-election race was seen as critical to the balance of power in the Senate, where the Democrats held a 50-to-49 edge.
    (AP, 10/26/02)

2002        Oct 29, A Minneapolis memorial service for the late Sen. Paul Wellstone turned into a virtual political rally as friends and relatives urged Minnesotans to honor his memory by putting a Democrat in his seat.
    (AP, 10/29/07)

2002        Oct 30, In Minnesota Walter Mondale took the ballot place of the late Sen. Wellstone. Mondale ended up losing to Republican Norm Coleman.
    (WSJ, 10/31/02, p.A1)(AP, 10/30/03)

2002        Nov 4, In Minnesota Gov. Ventura named his aide, Independent Dean Barkley, to serve out the term of the late Sen. Wellstone.
    (SFC, 11/5/02, p.A1)

2002        Nov 5, In Minnesota Tim Pawlenty, Republican, was elected governor. He captured 30 of the 38 counties that Gov. Ventura had won. Republican Norm Coleman defeated Walter Mondale for the US Senate.
    (Econ, 5/22/04, p.29)(Econ, 9/6/08, p.38)

2002        John P. Rogers (b.1966), a failing entrepreneur from Minnesota, founded Pay By Touch in San Francisco, a firm seeking to use biometric authentication to transform how America pays its bills. Rogers had a record of cocaine abuse that went back to his time in Minnesota. By 2007 the firm failed following investments of some $340 million.
    (SSFC, 12/7/08, p.A1)

2003        Jan 6, Timothy James Pawlenty raised his hand shortly after noon, repeated binding words of duty and became Minnesota's 38th governor.
    (www.hometownsource.com/capitol/2003/january/6swornin.html)

2003          Feb 20, Orville L. Freeman (1919-2003) former governor of Minnesota (1955-1960) and US agriculture secretary under Pres. Kennedy and Johnson, died at age 84.
    (SFC, 2/22/03, A16)

2003         Aug 29, Jeffrey Lee Parson (18), suspected of writing a variant of the "Blaster," a virus-like computer worm, was arrested in his hometown, the Minneapolis suburb of Hopkins. He was charged with one count of intentionally causing or attempting to cause damage to a computer and faced a maximum of 10 years in prison and a $250,000 fine if convicted. Parson pleaded guilty in August 2004 and was subsequently sentenced on January 28, 2005 to 18 months in prison followed by a three-year supervised release program, and was required to do 225 hours of community service. He was ordered to pay restitution of $497,546.55 to Microsoft Corporation and $1,056 to specific individuals to have their computer hard drives cleaned.
    (SFC, 8/29/03, p.A1)(SFC, 8/30/03, p.A2)(www.rbs2.com/parson2.html)

2003        Sep 24, In Cold Spring, Minn., Jason McLaughlin (15), a high school freshman, shot and killed senior Aaron Rollins (17) and wounded Seth Bartell (14) before surrendering. Bartell died from his wounds on Oct 10. On August 30, 2005, McLaughlin was sentenced to life in prison, with no possibility for parole until he’s well over 50. He was convicted of first degree murder in the shooting death of Bartell and second-degree murder for killing Rollins.
    (SFC, 10/11/03, p.A3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocori_High_School_shooting)

2003        Nov 22, North Dakota student Dru Sjodin (22) was last seen at the Grand Forks, ND, mall, where she worked. Her body was found the following April near Crookston, Minn. Suspect Alfonso Rodriguez Jr., released from prison 6-months before the murder, pleaded innocent to kidnapping resulting in Sjodin's death. In 2006 Rodriguez (53) was found guilty of kidnapping and killing Sjodin.
    (SSFC, 4/18/04, p.A13)(AP, 11/22/04)(SFC, 8/31/06, p.A7)

2003        Dec 1, Alfonso Rodriguez Jr. (50), described by authorities as a predatory sex offender was arrested in Crookston, Minn. He was charged with kidnapping in the disappearance of  Dru Sjodin, a North Dakota college student, abducted Nov 22, while talking on her cell phone.
    (AP, 12/2/03)

2003        Jerome Pohlen authored "Oddball Minnesota: A Guide to Some Really Strange Places.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.C9)

2004        Feb 2, Officials planned to present final proposals to Gov. Pawlenty for the replacement of the 20-year-old Minneapolis Metrodome.
    (USAT, 1/20/04, p.12A)

2004        Apr 6, It was reported that some 15,000 Hmong refugees were expected to arrive from Thailand into St. Paul, Minn., and other US communities in the summer.
    (SFC, 4/6/04, p.F1)

2004        Apr 17, The body of University of North Dakota student Dru Sjodin (22) was found in a ravine northwest of Crookston, Minn. She was last seen Nov 22 at the Grand Forks, ND, mall, where she worked. Alfonso Rodriquez was arrested in Dec. and investigators matched DNA in blood in his car to Sjodin.
    (AP, 4/18/04)(SSFC, 4/18/04, p.A13)

2004        Jul 29, Target Corp. of Minneapolis announced it would sell Mervyn’s to Sun Capital Partners in Boca Raton, Fla., for $1.65 billion.
    (SSFC, 8/8/04, p.J1)

2004        Nov 15, Elmer L. Anderson, former Minnesota Republican governor (1961-1963), died.
    (SFC, 11/17/04, p.B8)

2005        Mar 21, In northern Minnesota Jeff Weise (17) gunned down five students, a teacher and a guard at Red Lake High School. The teen's grandfather and his grandfather's wife also were found dead, and the boy killed himself.
    (AP, 3/22/05)

2005        May 21, The Bruce Vento Nature Sanctuary in St. Paul, Minnesota, was dedicated. It was named after Minnesota’s Rep. Bruce Vento (d.2000).
    (www.mepartnership.org/sites/LOWERPHALENCREEK/)

2005        May, Feds in Minnesota shut down the flagship company, Xpress Pharmacy Direct, of Christopher Smith (25) and seized $1.8 million in luxury cars, two homes and $1.3 million in cash held by Smith and associates. The Spamhaus Project, an anti-spam group, considered him one of the world's worst offenders.
    (AP, 8/21/05)

2005        Jul 1, In St. Paul some state offices closed and about 9,000 state employees were jobless after parts of Minnesota's government shut down for the first time in state history, leaving most rest stops closed for the Independence Day weekend. Lawmakers failed to pass even a stopgap plan to keep the government up and running while negotiators keep working.
    (AP, 7/1/05)

2005        Jul 9, Minnesota Gov. Jim Pawlenty signed a temporary spending plan and lawmakers agreed on the outline of a 2-year budget.
    (SSFC, 7/10/05, p.A3)

2005        Aug 19, Some 4,430 mechanics at Northwest Airlines, based in Eagan, Minnesota, went on strike at midnight as a 30-day cooling off period expired. The airline called for $176 million in concessions including 2,000 job cuts.
    (SFC, 8/20/05, p.A4)(SFC, 8/26/05, p.C3)

2005        Oct 16, Gordon Lee (b.1933), child actor who played Porky in the “Our Gang" shorts (Little Rascals), died in Minneapolis, Min. Porky was the little brother of Spanky McFarland.
    (SFC, 10/22/05, p.B5)

2005        Jammie Thomas-Rasset, a single mother from Minnesota, was accused of sharing 24 songs using KaZaA. In 2007 a jury ruled against her and awarded record companies almost $10,000 per song in statutory damages. She was found guilty again in a 2nd trial in 2009 in which the jury awarded damages of $80,000 per song.
    (Econ, 9/5/09, TQ p.4)

2006        Feb 11, It was reported that the town of Hull was one of many in central Iowa whose groundwater has been contaminated by farm chemicals. It pinned hopes for its future water supply on the new Lewis and Clark Rural Water System, due to open in 2018. The system planned to pump Missouri River water across South Dakota, Minnesota and Iowa.
    (Econ, 2/11/06, p.33)

2006        Mar 12-2006 Mar 13, Swarms of tornadoes killed at least 10 people across the Midwest states of Indiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, Arkansas, South Dakota, Minnesota and Wisconsin. It caused so much damage in Springfield, Ill., that the mayor compared it to the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 3/13/06)

2006        May 2, In Minnesota a small, spiral-shaped snail that clones itself and is native to New Zealand has been discovered in Duluth-Superior Harbor and the St. Louis River estuary, raising concerns about the impact of another invasive species.
    (AP, 5/3/06)

2006        Jun 10, In Minnesota a car crash left 3 people dead and two seriously injured. In 2015 a federal judge ordered Toyota to pay nearly $11 million to the victims  after a ruling that design flaw in the 1996 Camry was partially to blame. Jurors said Camry driver Koua Fong Lee was 40% responsible.
    (www.startribune.com/local/stpaul/287920781.html)(SFC, 2/4/15, p.A8)

2006        Aug 24, Deadly storms swept across the northern Plains, bringing tornadoes that ripped roofs off houses and hail that smashed car windshields. One man was killed when a tornado hit his home in Minnesota, and in Wisconsin, lightning apparently killed a dozen cows and struck a woman as she left a supermarket.
    (AP, 8/25/06)

2006        Sep 8, In Minneapolis ground was broken for the new Masjid An-Nur mosque, the 1st mosque in Minnesota.
    (Econ, 9/23/06, p.32)

2006        Sep 27, Republicans announced they would hold their 2008 presidential convention in the Twin Cities of Minneapolis-St. Paul.
    (Econ, 1/13/07, p.30)(AP, 9/27/07)

2006        Nov 7, Keith Ellison, a Democratic state lawmaker from Minnesota, became the first Muslim elected to Congress.
    (AP, 11/7/07)

2006        Nov 16, Minnesota Twins ace Johan Santana won the AL Cy Young Award.
    (AP, 11/16/07)

2006        Dec 5, An annual US report put Minnesota at the top of its health rankings for the fourth straight year, while concluding that the nation's health improved slightly.
    (AP, 12/5/06)

2006        Dec 13, Jeffrey Skilling reported to a low-security prison in Minnesota to begin serving a 24-year sentence for his crimes as a top executive at Enron Corp.
    (SFC, 12/14/06, p.A11)

2007        Jan 4, The 110th Congress convened with Democrats in control of both the House and Senate for the first time in a dozen years. "Today we make history. Today we change the direction of our country," exulted Rep. Nancy Pelosi, poised to become the first woman speaker in history. The House of Representatives, after installing its new Democratic leadership, voted to ban lawmakers from flying on corporate jets and accepting gifts and meals from lobbyists. Keith Ellison of Minnesota's 5th District became the first Muslim member of Congress.
    (AP, 1/4/07)(AP, 1/4/08)

2007        Apr 16, The board overseeing operations at the Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport ruled that taxi drivers who refuse service to travelers carrying alcohol face tougher penalties despite protests from Muslim cabbies who sought a compromise for religious reasons.
    (Reuters, 4/16/07)

2007        Jun 24, Charles W. Lindberg (86), one of the U.S. Marines who raised the first American flag over Iwo Jima during World War II, died in Edina, Minn.
    (AP, 6/24/08)

2007        Jul 6, Kathleen E. Woodiwiss (b.1939), author of steamy genre novels, died in Princeton, Minn. She was widely credited with having founded the historical romance in its modern carnal incarnation. “The Flame and the Flower" (1972) was the 1st of her 13 novels.
    (SFC, 7/13/07, p.B8)

2007        Aug 1, A major bridge on I-35W over the Mississippi River collapsed in Minneapolis, Minn., at rush hour. Initial reports said at least 5 people were killed. The bridge dated to 1967. On Aug 9 Navy divers recovered two more bodies, including one identified as a former missionary who had been reported missing. Divers recovered an 8th victim on Aug 10 and a 9th on Aug 12. Two more victims were found on Aug 16. A 12th victim was found Aug 19. The 13th and last victim was found Aug 20. In 2008 Gov. Tim Pawlenty signed a $38 million package to compensate victims of the collapse. In 2010 URS Corp., which had a contract to evaluate the bridge’s structural integrity, reached $5 million settlement with Minnesota. In August URS later agreed to pay over $52 million to settle claims by victims.
    (AP, 8/2/07)(SFC, 8/1/07, p.A5)(AP, 8/10/07)(SFC, 8/11/07, p.A5)(SFC, 8/13/07, p.A5)(WSJ, 8/17/07, p.A1)(SFC, 8/20/07, p.A3)(AP, 8/21/07)(WSJ, 5/9/08, p.A1)(SFC, 3/20/10, p.A5)(SFC, 8/24/10, p.D1)

2007        Aug 4, President Bush toured the site of a collapsed highway bridge in Minneapolis, pledging to cut red tape that could delay rebuilding.
    (AP, 8/4/08)

2007        Aug 19, Fierce storms from the upper Mississippi to Texas since last week left 22 people dead. Six people died in floodwaters across Oklahoma after heavy rains from the remains of Tropical Storm Erin drenched the state. As much as 9 inches of rain fell across a wide swath of Oklahoma, leaving roadways under 5 feet of water. 8 people were reported dead in Texas and 6 dead in Minnesota.
    (Reuters, 8/20/07)(SFC, 8/21/07, p.A6)(AP, 8/22/07)

2007        Aug 20, In Minnesota divers discovered the body of Gregory Jolstad, a 45-year-old construction worker who was part of the crew resurfacing the Interstate 35W bridge when it fell Aug. 1 during the evening rush hour. The discovery brought the official death toll to 13. Gov. Tim Pawlenty said the emergency response costs alone would be more than $8 million.
    (AP, 8/21/07)

2007        Aug 23, University of Minnesota astronomers announced that they have stumbled upon a tremendous hole in the universe. The cosmic blank spot has no stray stars, no galaxies, no sucking black holes, not even mysterious dark matter. The 1 billion light years across of nothing represented an expanse of nearly 6 billion trillion miles of emptiness.
    (AP, 8/24/07)

2007        Oct 4, The recording industry won a major fight in its effort to stop illegal music downloading with a US jury decision to impose $222,000 damages against a Minnesota woman who used a Web service to share music.
    (Reuters, 10/5/07)

2007        Oct 20, Max McGee (75), former Green Bay Packers receiver, died in Deephaven, Minn.
    (AP, 10/20/08)

2007        Nov 28, In Minnesota a fire at a pipeline from Canada that feeds oil to the US killed 2 people. The pipeline that leaked and four others were shut down, though it wasn't clear for how long, sending oil prices up the next day.
    (AP, 11/29/07)

2007        Dec 23, High wind and ice coated power lines blacked out tens of thousands of people in the Midwest. The storm was blamed for at least 22 deaths. At least 8 people in Minnesota, 5 in Wisconsin, 3 each in Indiana and Wyoming and one each in Michigan, Texas and Kansas were killed in traffic accidents.
    (AP, 12/23/07)(WSJ, 12/24/07, p.A1)(SFC, 12/25/07, p.A11)

2008        Feb 19, In southwestern Minnesota a driving a van crashed into a school bus, killing four students. Olga Marino Franco del Cid (24) of Minneota, was later charged in state court with four counts of criminal vehicular homicide. Federal prosecutors later filed identity theft charges against the woman, who had identified herself as Alianiss Nunez-Morales. Immigration investigators said they found the real Nunez-Morales in Connecticut.
    (AP, 3/1/08)

2008        May 25, Powerful storms packing large hail, heavy rain and tornadoes made for a deadly Memorial Day weekend across the nation's midsection, killing at least seven people in Iowa and a 2-year-old child in Minnesota. 222 homes were destroyed in Iowa.
    (AP, 5/26/08)(SFC, 5/28/08, p.A2)

2008        May 31, FDIC bank regulators took over the First Integrity Bank in Staples, Minnesota. This was the 4th FDIC-insured bank to fail this year.
    (WSJ, 6/5/08, p.A1)

2008        Jun 12, In Minnesota Katricia Daniels (36) and her son, Robert Shepard (10), were found murdered. Daniels was stabbed and cut more than 100 times and her son had a television smashed over his head. On June 18 Stafon Edward Thompson (17) and Brian Lee Flowers (16), both of Minneapolis, were charged as adults with first-degree murder.
    (AP, 6/18/08)

2008        Jun 24, Leonid Hurwicz, Nobel Prize co-winner in economics (2007), died in Minnesota.
    (SFC, 6/26/08, p.B5)

2008        Jul 31, A small jet crashed while preparing to land at Degner Regional Airport in Minnesota killing 8 people including several casino and construction executives.
    (WSJ, 7/31/08, p.A2)

2008        Sep 1, The GOP convention opened at the Xcel Energy Center in St. Paul, Minn., in an abbreviated session due to Hurricane Gustav. Alaska’s Gov. Palin, GOP candidate for the vice-presidency, disclosed that her daughter, Bristol (17), is 5 months pregnant. An antiwar march drew som 10,000 people. Over 250 demonstrators were arrested as splinter groups smashed department store and police car windows.
    (SFC, 9/2/08, p.A1,5)(WSJ, 9/2/08, p.A4)(WSJ, 9/4/08, p.A6)

2008        Sep 2, Pres. Bush delivered a 6-minute televised speech to GOP delegates in St. Paul, Minn., as the convention returned to its pre-hurricane schedule.
    (WSJ, 9/3/08, p.A5)

2008        Sep 3, In St. Paul, Minn., Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin and her Republican supporters held back little as they issued dismissive attacks on Barack Obama and flattering praise on her credentials. Palin seduced many on television who had spent days doubting her VP candidacy.
    (AP, 9/4/08)

2008        Sep 4, In St. Paul, Minn., John McCain claimed the GOP presidential nomination portraying himself as a maverick warrior and agent of change.
    (AP, 9/5/08)(SFC, 9/5/08, p.A1)

2008        Sep 18, In Minnesota the new Interstate 35W bridge opened. The old span over the Mississippi River had collapsed on August 1, 2007. The new St. Anthony Falls Bridge was embedded with an early warning system consisting of hundreds of sensors.
    (SFC, 9/18/08, p.A8)(Econ, 9/5/09, TQ p.6)

2008        Oct 3, The Great Lakes Governors (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin) applauded President George W. Bush for signing a joint resolution of Congress providing consent to the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Compact.  It barred new diversions beyond the Great Lakes Basin.
    (www.cglg.org/projects/water/CompactConsent.asp)(Econ, 5/22/10, p.36)
2008        Oct 3, Thomas Petters (51), founder of Petters Co., was arrested in Minnesota on charges of mail and wire fraud, money laundering and obstruction of justice. Over 20 investors and investment groups were thought to have been bilked of over $100 million and losses claimed by funds could top $2 billion.
    (WSJ, 10/4/08, p.B7)

2008        Dec 9, Wal-Mart Stores Inc. said it will pay up to $54.25 million to settle a class-action lawsuit that alleged the discount giant cut workers' break time and didn't prevent employees from working off the clock in Minnesota.
    (AP, 12/10/08)

2008        Dec 17, In Minnesota two freight trains collided sending an engineer and some cars into the Mississippi River.
    (WSJ, 12/18/08, p.A1)

2009        Jan 5, A Minnesota board certified results showing Democrat Al Franken winning the state’s US Senate recount by 225 votes over Republican Norm Coleman, whose lawyer promised a legal challenge.
    (SFC, 1/6/09, p.A2)(WSJ, 1/6/09, p.A1)

2009        Jan 12, Minnesota officials said lab tests had confirmed salmonella bacteria in a five pound container of King Nut brand peanut butter. King Nut of Solon, Ohio, had recalled the product on January 10. At least 6 people had been killed and over 470 sickened nationwide in 43 states.
    (WSJ, 1/13/09, p.A2)(SFC, 1/20/09, p.A12)

2009        Apr 8, US federal agents searched three money-transfer businesses in Minneapolis, carrying away boxes of documents and copying computer hard drives for details of transactions between the US and several African nations, including Somalia, Eritrea, Kenya, Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti and the United Arab Emirates.
    (AP, 4/9/09)

2009        Apr 13, In Minnesota’s Senate race a unanimous three-judge panel ruled in favor of Democrat Al Franken, but former Republican Sen. Norm Coleman swiftly announced he would take his fight to the state Supreme Court. After a statewide recount and seven-week trial, Franken stood 312 votes ahead.
    (AP, 4/14/09)

2009        Apr 27, Five members of the US Congress were arrested while protesting the expulsion of aid groups from Darfur in front of the Sudanese Embassy in Washington, DC. The included Democratic Reps. Keith Ellison of Minnesota, Jim McGovern of Massachusetts, John Lewis of Georgia, Donna Edwards of Maryland and Lynn Woolsey of California.
    (AP, 4/27/09)

2009        May 4, Wolves in parts of the northern Rockies and the Great Lakes region come off the endangered species list, opening them to public hunts in some states for the first time in decades. States such as Idaho and Montana planned to resume hunting the animals this fall, but no hunting has been proposed in the Great Lakes region. About 300 wolves in Wyoming will remain on the list because the US Fish and Wildlife Service rejected the state's plan for a "predator zone" where wolves could be shot on sight. An estimated 4,000 wolves lived in Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota.
    (AP, 5/4/09)

2009        May 15, A Minnesota couple who refused chemotherapy for Daniel Hauser, their 13-year-old son, was ordered to have the boy re-evaluated to see if he would still benefit from cancer treatment for his Hodgkin’s lymphoma, or if it may already be too late. On May 18 Colleen Hauser and her son, Daniel, who has Hodgkin's lymphoma, apparently left their home sometime after a doctor's appointment and court-ordered X-ray showed his tumor had grown. Hauser and her son returned on May 25 and agreed to medical treatment.
    (AP, 5/15/09)(SFC, 5/16/09, p.A5)(AP, 5/20/09)(AP, 5/26/09)(SFC, 5/27/09, p.A4)

2009        Jun 18, In a replay of the nation's only file-sharing case to go to trial a federal jury ruled that Jammie Thomas-Rasset (32) of Minnesota willfully violated the copyrights on 24 songs, and awarded recording companies $1.92 million, or $80,000 per song. The new trial was ordered after the judge in the case decided he had erred in giving jury instructions. Thomas-Rasset's second trial actually turned out worse for her. When a different federal jury heard her case in 2007, it hit Thomas-Rasset with a $222,000 judgment.
    (AP, 6/19/09)

2009        Jun 30, Minnesota’s state Supreme Court ruled unanimously that Democrat Al Franken should be certified the winner. Republican Norm Coleman pulled the plug on a bitter election that was decided by 312 votes out of almost 2.9 million cast. Franken's victory gave Democrats 60 Senate seats, the critical number needed to overcome Republican filibusters.
    (AP, 7/1/09)

2009        Aug 8, Continental Express Flight 2816, en route with 47 passengers to Minneapolis from Houston, was stranded overnight at Rochester, Minn., after being forced to land due to storms. On Nov 24 the Dept. of Transportation levied $175,000 in fines against Continental, ExpressJet and Mesaba Airlines for keeping the plane on the tarmac.
    (SFC, 11/25/09, p.A6)

2009        Aug 16, Y.E. Yang (37) of South Korea won the PGA Championship at Chaska, Minnesota, with a 2-under par 70 beating Tiger Woods who shot a 5 over par 75.
    (AP, 8/17/09)

2009        Oct 3, In Minnesota Somali Pres. Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed visited Minneapolis and St. Paul and urged expatriates to help find solutions to the violence in their homeland. The area is home to the largest Somali population in the US.
    (SSFC, 10/4/09, p.A10)

2009        Oct 22, The Minnesota Supreme Court ruled that bong water can count as an illegal drug. A person could be prosecuted for a first-degree drug crime for 25 grams or more of bong water that tests positive for a controlled substance.
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.A7)

2009        Oct 21, Northwest Airlines Flight 188 overflew its Minneapolis destination by 150 miles.  Air traffic controllers and pilots tried for more than an hour night to contact pilot Richard Cole (54) of Salem, Oregon, and the flight's captain, Timothy B. Cheney (53), of Gig Harbor, Wash., using radio, cell phone and data messages. The pilots said they had been having a heated discussion about airline policy. On Oct 27 the FAA revoked the licenses of the two pilots saying they had been out of radio contact for 91 minutes.
    (AP, 10/24/09)(SFC, 10/28/09, p.A6)

2009        Oct 23, US regulators shut down 3 small banks in Florida and one each in Georgia, Illinois, Minnesota and Wisconsin bringing the total for the year of failed US banks to 106.
    (SFC, 10/24/09, p.A6)

2009        Nov 1, Mohamud Said Omar (43) was arrested at the request of US authorities in an asylum seeker's center in Dronten, Netherlands. US authorities suspected Omar of bankrolling the purchase of weapons for Islamic extremists and helping other Somalis travel to Somalia in 2007 and 2008. He had a US green card and was also suspected of recruiting youth in Minneapolis for Islamic terrorism in Somalia.
    (AP, 11/13/09)

2009        San Francisco investment manager Steve Burrill traveled to Minnesota promising to raise a $1 billion venture fund to back a biotech park, named Elk Run, in rural Pine Island. About this same time he also began to siphon off money from his investors for personal use. Minnesota later spent $36 million in state funds to build a highway interchange directly to the Elk Run site. In 2016 Burrill admitted to embezzling $31 million from the venture funds he managed. The biotech park was never built.
    (SSFC, 5/8/16, p.D3)

2010        Apr 2, In Minnesota a fire swept through a 2-story building that housed several apartments and an Irish pub killing 6 people including 3 children in Minneapolis.
    (SFC, 4/3/10, p.A5)

2010        Apr 25, In Minnesota a car crashed into an SUV near Cambridge killing 6 people including 3 teenagers. The smell of alcohol was detected in a car driven by a girl (16), who had obtained her license less than 3 weeks ago.
    (SFC, 4/26/10, p.A3)

2010        May 1, In Minnesota a suburban St. Paul police officer was killed during an ambush, setting off a massive manhunt that ended with one suspect dead and another in custody.
    (AP, 5/2/10)

2010        Jun 3, A federal jury in Minneapolis found vendors Russell and Abby Cole guilty of using an online auction to defraud Best Buy of $41.6 million between 2003-2007. The vendors had the help of Robert Bossany, a Best Buy employee.
    (SFC, 6/14/10, p.E3)

2010        Jun 17, In Minnesota tornadoes ripped through Wadena, part of a turbulent system that fueled twisters across the state and killed at least three people.
    (AP, 6/18/10)

2010        Jul 19, Despite being rebuffed twice by the US Supreme Court, five states (Michigan, Wisconsin, Ohio, Minnesota and Pennsylvania) filed suit with a lower court demanding tougher federal and municipal action to prevent Asian carp from overrunning the Great Lakes and decimating their fishing industry.
    (AP, 7/19/10)

2010        Aug 5, US federal indictments were unsealed in Alabama, California and Minnesota charging 14 people with terrorism offenses for allegedly aiding the radical Islamist al-Shaba organization in Somalia.
    (SFC, 8/6/10, p.A8)

2010        Oct 25, In Wyoming a single-engine plane disappeared after takeoff from the Jackson airport. The plane’s wreckage was found Nov 1. Luke Bucklin (40) of Minneapolis and his 3 sons were killed. Bucklin was co-founder of Sierra Bravo Corp., a web development company.
    (SFC, 11/1/10, p.A6)(SFC, 11/3/10, p.A5)

2010        Nov 8, An indictment was unsealed that charged 29 people in a sex trafficking ring in which Somali gangs in Minneapolis and St. Paul allegedly forced girls under age 14 into prostitution. 17 people were arrested in Minnesota, 9 in Tennessee and 3 remained at large.
    (SFC, 11/9/10, p.A6)

2010        Dec 12, A storm that spanned parts of eight states continued to dump heavy snow in the upper Midwest, collapsing the Metrodome in Minneapolis and forcing numerous road closures.
    (AP, 12/12/10)

2011        Mar 15, Minnesota nurse William Melchert-Dinkel (b.1962) was convicted of two counts of encouraging suicide while he watched voyeuristically on a webcam. A judge found that he had intentionally advised two people to take their own lives. In 2014 the Minnesota Supreme Court struck down a section of the state’s assisted suicide law that makes it a crime to encourage someone to commit suicide. It remained a crime to assist in someone’s suicide.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Francis_Melchert-Dinkel)(SFC, 3/20/14, p.A6)

2011        Mar 17, In Minneapolis, Min., one teen died and teenagers and young adults were hospitalized following an apparent overdose on a designer hallucinogen, 2C-E (aka Europa), which they had ordered legally over the Internet for a spring break party.
    (SFC, 3/18/11, p.A4)

2011        Jul 1, Minnesota's state government began a broad shut down going into the July 4 holiday after Democratic Governor Mark Dayton and Republican legislative leaders failed to reach a budget deal.
    (Reuters, 7/1/11)

2011        Jul 14, Minnesota Gov. Mark Dayton and top Republican struck a deal to end a budget impasse with the Democratic governor giving up on raising taxes.
    (SFC, 7/15/11, p.A9)

2011        Jul 20, Minnesota ended a state government shutdown after 20 days, millions in lost revenue and frustration on the part of residents and lawmakers.
    (SFC, 7/21/11, p.A6)

2011        Aug 13, In the Iowa Republican straw poll Minnesota congresswoman Michelle Bachmann won with 4,823 votes, Texas Rep. Ron Paul got 4,671. Former Minnesota Gov. Rick Pawlenty received 2,293. His 3rd place finish led him to drop out of the race.
    (AP, 8/14/11)

2011        Dec 29, Minnesota based Sunrise Community Banks apologized for shutting the accounts of money transfer shops handling Somalia-related business. It called for unspecified government remedies to allow them to continue the business. The association of three banks, announced in early December that it would close the accounts of a dozen or so money transfer shops serving an estimated 30,000 Somalis in the region.
    (AFP, 12/30/11)

2012        Feb 3, A Minnesota food company said it is recalling more than a million hard-cooked eggs distributed to 34 states after testing revealed some may be contaminated with listeria.
    (AP, 2/4/12)

2012        Feb 7, Rick Santorum won 3 victories in the race for the Republican presidential nomination by winning caucuses in Colorado and Minnesota and a primary in Missouri. Mit Romney came in 3rd in Minnesota with 17% of the vote.
    (SFC, 2/8/12, p.A6)(Econ, 2/11/12, p.32)

2012        Mar 30, The US government agreed with Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, New York and Pennsylvania to cut red tape and speed up consideration for wind farms in the Great Lakes.
    (SFC, 3/31/12, p.A5)

2012        May 14, Minnesota’s Gov. Mark Dayton approved a $975 million stadium for the Minneapolis-based Vikings football team. Minneapolis and the state will pay $498 million and the team $477 million.
    (Econ, 5/19/12, p.36)

2012        Jun 20, Duluth, Minnesota, Mayor Don Ness declared a state of emergency after a deluge of up to 9 inches of rain forced residents to evacuate their homes and animals to escape their pens at the city zoo.
    (SFC, 6/21/12, p.A8)

2012        Aug 22, Minnesota Democrat state Rep. Kerry Gauthier (56) dropped his re-election bid following reports of his sexual encounter with a 17-year-old boy.
    (SFC, 8/23/12, p.A6)

2012        Sep 27, In Minnesota Andrew Engeldinger (38) killed 5 people before shooting himself at Accent Signage Systems in Minneapolis, where he had recently been fired.
    (SFC, 9/29/12, p.A5)

2012        Nov 22, In Minnesota homeowner Byron David Smith (64) shot and killed two unarmed teenagers during a Thanksgiving Day break-in. On Nov 26 Smith was charged two counts of 2nd degree murder. On April 25, 2013, prosecutors announced that Smith has been indicted on two counts of first-degree murder. On April 29, 2014, Smith was convicted of premeditated murder.
    (SFC, 11/27/12, p.A6)(SFC, 4/26/13, p.A6)(AP, 5/1/14)

2012        David Treuer authored “Rez Life: An Indian’s Journey Through Reservation Life." The book centers on the Leech Lake Reservation of Minnesota.
    (SSFC, 2/5/12, p.F1)

2013        Mar 28, Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd reopened a rail line in western Minnesota, a day after a mile-long train hauling crude oil from Alberta, Canada, derailed in the area, spilling up to 30,000 gallons of oil.
    (Reuters, 3/28/13)

2013        May 3, In Minnesota Buford Rogers (24) of Montevideo, was arrested and charged with one count of being a felon in possession of a firearm. His mobile home contained Molotov cocktails, suspected pipe bombs and firearms.
    (AP, 5/7/13)

2013        May 14, Minnesota Gov. Mark Dayton signed a bill allowing gay couples to marry. This made Minnesota the 12th US state to permit same-sex marriages.
    (SFC, 5/14/13, p.A5)

2013        Jun 10, A rare copy of the comic book featuring Superman's first 1938 appearance sold for $175,000. It went undiscovered for over 70 years in the insulation of a Minnesota house.
    (AP, 6/12/13)

2013        Aug 1, US gay couples exchanged vows in Minnesota and Rhode Island as the number of states allowing same sex marriages grew to 13 plus Washington DC.
    (SFC, 8/2/13, p.A6)

2013        Aug 8, Paul White (45) of Minnesota claimed his third of a $448 million Powerball jackpot. 16 workers from a county garage in New Jersey shared a 2nd ticket. A 3rd winner, also from New Jersey, had not yet come forward.
    (SFC, 8/9/13, p.A5)(SFC, 8/10/13, p.A4)

2013        Nov 18, A German probe into the July 23, 1944, reprisal attack at Chlaniow, Poland, implicated Michael Karkoc (94), a retired Minnesota carpenter, as commander of the Nazi SS-led unit in the attack. In 2014 Germany’s highest court ruled that Germany has jurisdiction in the case.
    (AP, 6/14/13)(http://tinyurl.com/kk5e6s3)(AP, 11/18/13)(SFC, 5/23/14, p.A2)

2013        Nov 21, In Minnesota Marion Guerrido (23) veered off a suburban Minneapolis highway ramp. She escaped the car but 5 children were trapped and submerged in a pond. The children were soon freed, but two died and three others remained hospitalized.
    (SFC, 11/23/13, p.A10)

2013        Dec 11, In Minnesota Keith Michael Novak (25) was put under federal custody following fraud charges in connection with the ID theft of some 400 members of his former Army unit in Fort Bragg, NC.
    (SFC, 12/13/13, p.A17)

2014        Apr 22, The FBI asked the public’s help to identify at least 90 potential victims of William James Vahey (64), a suspected child predator. Vahey had worked at 10 American and other int’l. schools abroad for over four decades. He committed suicide last month in Minnesota.
    (SFC, 4/23/14, p.A7)

2014        Jul 29, Former Minnesota Gov. Jesse Ventura won $1.8 million in his two-year fight to prove he was defamed by a military sniper and best-selling author who claimed to have punched out Ventura at a bar for bad-mouthing the Navy SEALs. "American Sniper" author Chris Kyle was killed last year at a gun range in Texas. On June 13, 2016, a federal appeals court threw out the damages award and sent a portion of the case back to the district court for a new trial.
    (AP, 7/30/14)(SFC, 6/14/16, p.A4)

2014        Aug 8, In Canada a small plane crashed on Chappie Lake, south of Kenora, Ontario. 3 people on a fishing trip from Grand Rapids, Minnesota, were killed.
    (SSFC, 8/10/14, p.A2)

2014        Aug 26, A US official said Douglas McAuthur McCain, of the Minneapolis area, was suspected of fighting alongside militants who were trying to carve out their own state in Iraq and Syria, and that he had died there.
    (Reuters, 8/27/14)

2014        Aug 27, White House Press Sec. Josh Earnest confirmed that Douglas McAuthur McCain, of the Minneapolis area, was fighting alongside militants who were trying to carve out their own state in Iraq and Syria, and that he had died there.
    (Reuters, 8/27/14)(SFC, 8/28/14, p.A3)

2014        Dec 8, Jewel thieves pulled off a $500,000 heist at a rest stop in Marion Township, Minn. Investigators believed they trailed a diamond dealer and employees returning from a trade show in Chicago.
    (SFC, 12/9/14, p.A6)

2014        Dec 31, A Minnesota judge ordered Norway to pay Ellen Ewald $170,594, double her lost wages, plus $100,000 for emotional distress, for violating equal-pay laws. She had been paid $30,000 less than a male counterpart. Norway has had a diplomatic presence in Minnesota since 1906. The state is home to nearly 900,000 people of Norwegian descent.
    (AP, 1/1/15)

2015        Jan 6, Shareholders of medical device maker Medtronic, based in Minneapolis, Minn., approved the acquisition of Ireland-based surgical supplier Covidien PLC in a corporate deal valued at about $48 billion. The acquisition moves the legal headquarters of the combined company to Ireland.
    (AP, 1/7/15)

2015        Jan, Minnesota showed a $1 billion budget surplus. Gov. Mark Dayton during his first four years in office (2011-2015) raised the state income tax from 7.85 to 9.85 percent on individuals earning over $150,000, and on couples earning over $250,000 when filing jointly. He also agreed to raise the state’s minimum wage to $9.50 an hour by 2018, and passed a state law guaranteeing equal pay for women.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ohk54c4)

2015        Feb 27, Brazilian authorities arrested Victor Arden Barnard (53), a self-professed minister put on a US most-wanted list for allegedly molesting two girls in a "Maidens Group" at his religious fellowship in rural Minnesota.
    (AP, 2/28/15)

2015        Apr 11, US federal officials confirmed that the H5N2 strain of avian bird flu was found among 38,000 turkeys at a commercial farm in Minnesota. A day earlier bird flu was confirmed at two farms in South Dakota.
    (SSFC, 4/12/15, p.A10)

2015        Jun 15, The Vatican said Jozef Wesolowski, a former archbishop and papal ambassador to the Dominican Republic, will stand trial on criminal charges of paying for sex with minors and possessing child pornography. Pope Francis also accepted the resignation Archbishop John Nienstedt and Auxiliary Bishop Lee Anthony Piche of St. Paul and Minneapolis after prosecutors there charged the archdiocese with having failed to protect children from unspeakable harm from a pedophile priest who was later convicted of molesting two boys.
    (Reuters, 6/15/15)(AP, 6/15/15)

2015        Aug 8, Finland detained a Russian citizen, Maxim Senakh, at the request of US federal authorities on computer fraud charges. Senakh was accused in the state of Minnesota of infecting computer servers with malware, resulting in criminal gains worth millions of dollars. Russia later called the move illegal.
    (Reuters, 8/27/15)

2015        Sep 10, In Minnesota a family of 5 was found shot dead. Investigators believed that Brian Short, the founder of a networking service for nurses, used a shotgun to kill his wife Karen and 3 teenage children at their lakeside home in Greenwood, a suburb of Minneapolis.
    (SFC, 9/12/15, p.A5)(SSFC, 9/13/15, p.A12)

2015        Nov 16, In Minnesota Jamar Clark, a 24-year-old black man, died after he was shot by Minneapolis police a day earlier. Community activists said he was unarmed, handcuffed and shot in the head. The officers were later identified as Mark Ringgenberg and Dustin Schwarze. On March 30, 2016, it was announced that the police officers would not be charged.
    (SFC, 11/18/15, p.A8)(YahooNews, 11/18/15)(SFC, 11/19/15, p.A8)(CSM, 3/31/16)

2015        Nov 23, In Minnesota five people were wounded, though none gravely, when gunmen opened fire at the Minneapolis protest over the Nov 15 fatal police shooting of Jamar Clark. Two suspects were arrested the next day.
    (AFP, 11/24/15)(SFC, 11/25/15, p.A7)

2015        Dec 3, In Minnesota Scott Weiland (b.1967) former frontman for rock bands Stone Temple Pilots and Velvet Revolver, was found dead on his tour bus while on tour with his band the Wildabouts. A medical examiner later said he died of a toxic mix of drugs that included cocaine.
    (SFC, 12/4/15, p.A16)(SFC, 12/19/15, p.E2)

2016        Mar, In Minnesota Seth Johnson (7), the adopted son of Timothy and Sarah Johnson, died. Criminal complaints said he had an inflamed pancreas, possible infections and bruises on his body when he died. In 2017 the Johnsons missed their first court appearance and were said to have absconded to New Zealand.
    (AP, 2/1/17)

2016        Apr 21, Prince Rogers Nelson (57), singer, songwriter, arranger and instrumentalist, died at his home in  Minnesota. His records sold more than 100 million copies and earned him Grammys and an Academy Award.
    (AP, 4/22/16)

2016        Jul 6, Minnesota police Officer Jeronimo Yanez shot Philando Castile (32), a black man, at a traffic stop in St. Paul. Castile, an elementary school cafeteria worker, soon died in a hospital. Protesters gathered peacefully at the scene of the incident and at the state governor's residence, chanting anti-police slogans and demanding action from the governor. On June 16, 2017, Yanez was acquitted of 2nd degree murder charges.
    (CSM, 7/7/16)(SFC, 5/31/17, p.A6)(SSFC, 6/18/17, p.A8)

2016        Aug 1, A new law came into effect for freshmen students at the Univ. of Minnesota requiring them to be given training on campus sexual assaults within the first ten days of the school year.
    (Econ, 9/24/16, p.30)

2016        Aug 26, Minnesota's Gov. Mark Dayton ordered the broadest restrictions yet in a US state on the use of agricultural pesticides that have been blamed for hurting bees, fueling concerns that farmers there will not be able to protect crops from insects.
    (Reuters, 8/27/16)

2017        Jan 3, In Minnesota a federal appeals court ruled that a program for keeping sex offenders confined after they complete their prison sentences is constitutional.
    (SFC, 1/4/17, p.A6)

2017        Mar 13, A prosecutor said Poland will seek the arrest and extradition of Michael Karkoc (98) from Minneapolis, Minnesota, after confirming he was a Nazi unit commander suspected of ordering the killing of 44 Poles during World War II.
    (AP, 3/13/17)

2017        May 12, A federal jury in Minneapolis awarded a Twin Cities woman nearly $1 million in her civil lawsuit against a Minnesota man she says sexually assaulted her when she was 14 and living in Laos.
    (AP, 5/12/17)

2017        Jun 17, In Minnesota 18 people were arrested early today in protests that followed the acquittal of police Officer Jeronimo Yanez in the July 6, 2016, shooting death of Philando Castile.
    (SSFC, 6/18/17, p.A8)

2017        Jun 26, In Minnesota a settlement was announced with the city of Minneapolis paying the mother of Philando Castile $2.995 million to avoid a wrongful death suit in the July 6, 2016, traffic stop that led to his death.
    (SFC, 6/27/17, p.A6)

2017        Jul 15, In Minnesota Justine Damond, an Australian woman who called 911 to report what she believed to be an active sexual assault, was shot and killed by a Minneapolis police officer in a case that has left many relatives and neighbors searching for answers.
    (AP, 7/18/17)

2017        Jul 21, Minneapolis police Chief Janee Harteau resigned at the request of the mayor, who said she lost confidence in the chief after last weekend's fatal police shooting of an unarmed Australian woman who had called 911.
    (AFP, 7/22/17)

2017        Jul 22, A Minnesota mink farm said 15,000 mink have died after unknown culprits released them from cages last week. Some 38,000 mink were released and 14,000 were unaccounted for.
    (SSFC, 7/23/17, p.A6)

2017        Aug 2, In Minnesota a 2nd body was found in the rubble of an explosion at the Minnehaha Academy in Minneapolis.
    (SFC, 8/3/17, p.A5)

2017        Aug 24, In Minnesota Lili Huang (36) was sentenced to 12 months and one day in jail. She was accused of beating and starving a woman she brought from China to work as a nanny will be deported after she spends a year in jail. Her 58-year-old nanny was found wandering in the street in July 2016, battered and malnourished.
    (AP, 8/25/17)

Go to http://www.timelinesdb.com
Subject = Minnesota
End of file