Timeline New York State

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New York State is the largest of the three Middle Atlantic states and ranks 30th in size among the 50 states. It measures 49,108 sq mi (127,190 sq km), of which land takes up 47,377 sq mi (122,707 sq km) and the remaining 1,731 sq mi (4,483 sq km) consist of inland water.
    (www.city-data.com/states/New-York-Location-size-and-extent.html)
The tri-state area around NYC was inhabited by the Lenape Indians prior to the arrival of Europeans.
    (WSJ, 12/3/98, p.A20)       
The bluebird is the official state bird.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.E3)
Lake Champlain was at one time an inland saltwater sea connected to the Atlantic by the St. Lawrence Seaway. The fossilized remains of a whale found there is on display in Charlotte, Vermont.
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, Z1 p.8)
Buffalo started out as Buffalo Creek and came from the French "beau fleuve" meaning beautiful river.
    (SFEC, 3/15/98, Z1 p.8) 

1609        Sep 3-4, Henry Hudson discovered the island of Manhattan. The exact date is not known.
    (MC, 9/3/01)(www.hudsonriver.com)

1609         Sep 12, English explorer Henry Hudson sailed into the river that now bears his name. Hudson sailed for the Dutch East India Company in search of the Northwest Passage, a water route linking the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, when he sailed up the present-day Hudson River.
    (AP, 9/12/97)(HNQ, 7/23/00)

1640        The towns of Southampton and East Hampton, NY, were founded. (In 2004 Steven Petrow authored ~ez_ldquo~The Lost Hamptons.~ez_rdquo~
    (SSFC, 7/18/04, p.M2)

1642        Feb 25, Dutch settlers slaughtered lower Hudson Valley Indians in New Netherland, North America, who sought refuge from Mohawk attackers.
    (HN, 2/25/99)

1645        Aug 30, Dutch & Indians signed peace treaty in New Amsterdam (NY).
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1647        May 11, Peter Stuyvesant (37) arrived in New Amsterdam to become governor. The one-legged professional soldier was sent from the Netherlands to head the Dutch trading colony at the southern end of Manhattan Island. Stuyvesant lost a leg in a minor skirmish in the Caribbean in 1644.
    (AP, 5/11/97)(ON, 4/00, p.1)(AH, 10/04, p.74)

1655        Aug 28, New Amsterdam & Peter Stuyvesant barred Jews from military service.
    (MC, 8/28/01)

1665        Jun 12, England installed a municipal government in New York, formerly the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam.
    (AP, 6/12/97)

1665        The 1st horse racing track in America was laid out on Long Island.
    (SFEC, 10/17/99, Z1 p.3)

1672        Dec 10, Gov. Lovelace announced monthly mail service between NY and Boston.
    (MC, 12/10/01)

1676        Feb, Mohawk Indians attacked and killed all but 40 Wampanoag Indians under Philip. NY Gov. Edmund Andros had urged the Mohawks to attack the Wampanoags.
    (AH, 6/02, p.48)

1683        Secatogue Indians deeded land on the South Shore of Long Island to William Nicoll.
    (WSJ, 10/9/07, p.D6)

1685        The Old Dutch Church was built in Tarrytown and later immortalized by Washington Irving.
    (USAT, 11/12/99, p.2D)

1686        Jul 22, Albany, New York, began operating under an official charter.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, Z1 p.2)

1686        Two Mohican Indians signed a mortgage for their land in Schaghticoke with simple markings. It was notarized by Robert Livingston, whose family became one of the greatest agricultural landlords and int'l. merchants in the colony of New York.
    (WSJ, 11/19/99, p.W10)

1690        Feb 8, Some 200 French and Indian troops burned Schenectady, NY, and massacred about 60 people to avenge Iraquois raids on Canada.
    (AH, 2/05, p.17)

1695        Sep 12, NY Jews petitioned governor Dongan for religious liberties.
    (MC, 9/12/01)

1704        May 20, Elias Neau formed a school for slaves in NY.
    (MC, 5/20/02)

1708        Feb 28, A slave revolt in Newton, Long Island, NY, left 11 dead.
    (MC, 2/28/02)

1712        Apr 7, There was a slave revolt in New York City. A slave insurrection in New York City was suppressed by the militia and ended with the execution of 21 blacks. [see Jul 4]
    (HN, 4/7/97)(HNQ, 6/10/98)

1712        Jul 4, Twelve slaves were executed for starting a slave uprising in New York that killed nine whites. [see Apr 7]
    (HN, 7/4/98)(PCh, 1992, p.278)

1720        Sep 12, Frederick Philips III, NYC, land owner (Bronx, Westchester & Putnam), was born.
    (MC, 9/12/01)

1727        Nov 15, NY General assembly permitted Jews to omit phrase "upon the faith of a Christian" from abjuration oath.
    (MC, 11/15/01)

1731        Aug 7, William Cosby arrived in New York to assume his post as Governor for the New York Province.
    (www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/zenger/zengeraccount.html)

1733        Nov 5, John Peter Zenger (b.1697), German-born immigrant, published the 1st issue of the New York Weekly Journal. Zenger, the partner of William Bradford, had left the Gazette to form the rival New York Weekly Journal. Attorney James Alexander hired Zenger in order to publish anonymously his criticism of NY Governor William Cosby.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R43)(ON, 11/04, p.9)

1734        Oct 22, NY Gov. William Cosby ordered the hangman and whipper of NY to burn 4 back issues of the New York Weekly Journal.
    (ON, 11/04, p.9)

1734        Nov 17, John Zenger was arrested for libel against NY colonial governor William Cosby. Zenger was later acquitted.
    (ON, 11/04, p.9)

1736        Mar 10, NY colonial Gov. William Cosby died. George Clarke became the new governor.
    (ON, 11/04, p.10)(www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/zenger/chronology.html)

1745        Nov 28-29, French troops attacked Indians at Saratoga, NY.
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1752        Gouverneur Morris (d.1816), chief writer of the US Constitution (1787), was born in NY. Morrisania, the family manor, stretched for 1,900 acres from the Harlem River to Long Island Sound in what later became the Bronx.
    (WSJ, 5/28/03, p.D8)

1753        Oct 12, Sir Danvers Osborn (b.1715), British colonial governor of New York, hanged himself 5 days after arriving in NYC. His wife had recently died and the New York assembly refused to support him in the style he felt his rank deserved.
    (Econ, 1/12/08, p.75)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danvers_Osborn)

1754        Jun 19, The Albany Congress opened. New York colonial Gov. George Clinton called for the meeting to discuss better relations with Indian tribes and common defensive measures against the French. The attendees included Indians and representatives from Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania and Rhode Island. Benjamin Franklin attended and presented his Plan of Union, which was adopted by the conference. The meeting ended on July 11.
    (AH, 2/06, p.45)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albany_Congress)

1755        Sep 8, British forces under William Johnson and 250 Indians defeated the French and their allied Indians at the Battle of Lake George, NY.
    (HN, 9/8/98)(SSFC, 4/23/06, p.G6)

1755        Sep 18, Ft. Ticonderoga opened in NY.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1757        Aug 9, English Ft. William Henry, NY, surrendered to French and Indian troops.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1758        Jul 8, During the French and Indian War a British attack on Fort Carillon at Ticonderoga, New York, was foiled by the French. Some 3,500 Frenchmen defeated the British army of 15,000, which lost 2,000 men.
    (HN, 7/8/98)(AH, 10/02, p.27)

1759        Jul 26, The French relinquished Fort Carillon in New York, to the British under General Jeffrey Amherst. The British changed the name to Fort Ticonderoga, from the Iroquois word Cheonderoga (land between the waters).
    (HN, 7/26/98)(AH, 10/02, p.26)

1766        The Beekman Arms of Rhinebeck began serving beer. In 2000 it was the oldest continuously operating tavern in the US.
    (SFEC, 6/25/00, Z1 p.2)

1775        May 10, Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain Boys captured the British-held fortress at Ticonderoga, N.Y.
    (AP, 5/10/97) (HN, 5/10/98)

1775-1783    http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Delphi/4171/index.htm

1776         Jul 4, The Continental Congress approved adoption of the amended Declaration of Independence, prepared by Thomas Jefferson and signed by John Hancock--President of the Continental Congress--and Charles Thomson, Congress secretary, without dissent. However, the New York delegation abstained as directed by the New York Provisional Congress. On July 9, the New York Congress voted to endorse the declaration. On July 19, Congress then resolved to have the "Unanimous Declaration" inscribed on parchment for the signature of the delegates.
    (HNQ, 7/4/98)(AP, 7/4/97)(HN, 7/4/98)

1776        Aug 29, General George Washington retreated during the night from Long Island to New York City.
    (HN, 8/29/98)
1776        Aug 29, Americans withdrew from Manhattan to Westchester.
    (MC, 8/29/01)

1776        Sep 12, Nathan Hale left Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for a spy mission.
    (MC, 9/12/01)

1776        Oct 11, C. Randle painted: "A View of the New England Arm~ez_rsquo~d Vessels on Valcure Bay on Lake Champlain." It depicted the fleet of Benedict Arnold just before the Battle of Valcour Island on this day. The fleet was defeated but it slowed the British advance from Canada.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A3)
1776        Oct 11, The naval Battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain was fought during the American Revolution. American forces led by Gen. Benedict Arnold suffered heavy losses, but managed to stall the British.
    (AP, 10/11/07)

1776        Oct 13, Benedict Arnold was defeated at Lake Champlain by the British, who then retreated to Canada for the winter. Arnold~ez_rsquo~s efforts bought the colonists 9 months to consolidate their hold in northern New York. In 2006 James L. Nelson authored ~ez_ldquo~Benedict Arnold~ez_rsquo~s Navy.~ez_rdquo~
    (HN, 10/13/98)(WSJ, 5/12/06, p.W5)

1776        Oct 28, The Battle of White Plains was fought during the Revolutionary War, resulting in a limited British victory. Washington retreated to NJ.
    (AP, 10/28/06)(www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1283.html)

1777        Apr 14, NY adopted a new constitution as an independent state. Governeur Morris was the chief writer of the state constitution. [see Apr 20]
    (MC, 4/14/02)(WSJ, 5/28/03, p.D8)

1777        Apr 20, New York adopted a new constitution as an independent state. [see Apr 14]
    (MC, 4/20/02)

1777        Jul 6, British forces under Gen. Burgoyne captured Fort Ticonderoga from the Americans.
    (AP, 7/6/97)(MC, 7/6/02)

1777        Jul 7, American troops gave up Fort Ticonderoga, on Lake Champlain, to the British.
    (HN, 7/7/98)

1777        Sep 19, During the Revolutionary War, American soldiers won the first Battle of Saratoga, aka Battle of Freeman's Farm (Bemis Heights). American forces under Gen. Horatio Gates met British troops led by Gen. John Burgoyne at Saratoga Springs, NY.
    (AP, 9/19/97)(www.americanrevolution.com/BattleofSaratoga.htm)

1777        Oct 7, The second Battle of Saratoga began during the American Revolution. During the battle General Benedict Arnold was shot in the leg. Another bullet killed his horse, which fell on Arnold, crushing his leg. The "Boot Monument" sits close to the spot where Arnold was wounded, and is a tribute to the general's heroic deeds during that battle. Although Arnold's accomplishments are described on the monument, it pointedly avoids naming the man best known for betraying his country. The British forces, under Gen. John Burgoyne, surrendered 10 days later.
    (AP, 10/7/97)(HNQ, 7/20/01)
1777        Oct 7, Simon Fraser, English general, died in the battle of Saratoga, NY.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Simon_Fraser_of_Balnian)

1777        Oct 17, General John Burgoyne with British forces of 5,000 men surrendered to General Horatio Gates, commander of the American forces at Schuylerville, NY. In the fall of 1777, the British commander Gen'l. Burgoyne and his men were advancing along the Hudson River. After Burgoyne had retreated to  the heights of Saratoga, the Americans stopped and surrounded them. The  surrender was a turning point in the American Revolution, demonstrating American determination  to gain independence. After the surrender, France sided with the Americans, and other countries  began to get involved and align themselves against Britain.
    (AP, 10/17/97)(HN, 10/17/98)(HNPD, 10/17/99)(SSFC, 6/30/02, p.C10)

1777        George Washington led a campaign against the British and their Iroquois allies in Pennsylvania, New York, and the Ohio country. These included the Six Nations Indians: Mohawk, Cayuga, Onondaga, Seneca, Oneida, and Tuscarora. In 2005 Glenn F. Williams published ~ez_ldquo~The Year of the Hangman: George Washington~ez_rsquo~s Campaign Against the Iroquois.
    (WSJ, 7/26/05, p.D8)

1778        Jul 8, George Washington headquartered his Continental Army at West Point.
    (MC, 7/8/02)

1778        Aug 31, British killed 17 Stockbridge Indians in Bronx during Revolution.
    (MC, 8/31/01)

1778            Nov 11, British redcoats, Tory rangers and Seneca Indians in central New York state killed more than 40 people in the Cherry Valley Massacre. A regiment of 800 Tory rangers under Butler (1752-1781) and 500 Native forces under the Mohawk war chief Joseph Brant (1742-1807), fell upon the settlement, killing 47, including 32 noncombatants, mostly by tomahawk.
    (www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Cherry-Valley-Massacre)(AP, 11/11/07)

1778        Federalists won over anti-Federalists in a crucial New York state ratifying convention for the Constitution.
    (WSJ, 6/10/98, p.A18)

1778        In the winter of 1778, American troops stationed at West Point on the Hudson River nicknamed the place "Point Purgatory." Now the site of the famous military academy, during the Revolutionary War West Point was a strategic highland on the Hudson. Both the British and the Americans considered it very important for controlling the vital Hudson.
    (HNQ, 5/29/00)

1779        Jul 16, American troops under General Anthony Wayne, aka Mad Anthony Wayne, captured Stony Point, NY, with a loss to the British of more than 600 killed or captured.
    (HN, 7/16/98)(http://hhr.highlands.com/stpt.htm)

1780        Aug 5, Benedict Arnold took over the command of West Point from American Major Gen. Robert Howe.
    (ON, 11/01, p.2)

1780        Aug 30, General Benedict Arnold betrayed the US when he promised secretly to surrender the fort at West Point to the British army. Arnold whose name has become synonymous with traitor fled to England after the botched conspiracy. His co-conspirator, British spy Major John Andre, was hanged in an act of spite by Washington ("it's good for the armies").
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1780        Sep 21-22, General Benedict Arnold, American commander of West Point, met with British spy Major John André to hand over plans of the important Hudson River fort to the enemy. Unhappy with how General George Washington treated him and in need of money, Arnold planned to "sell" West Point for 20,000 pounds--a move that would enable the British to cut New England off from the rest of the rebellious colonies. Arnold's treason was exposed when André was captured by American militiamen who found the incriminating plans in his stocking. Arnold received a timely warning and was able to escape to a British ship, but André was hanged as a spy on October 2, 1780. Condemned for his Revolutionary War actions by both Americans and British, Arnold lived until 1801.
    (HNPD, 9/21/98)

1780        Sep 23, British spy John Andre was captured along with papers revealing Benedict Arnold's plot to surrender West Point to the British. Arnold had switched sides partly because he disapproved of the US French alliance.
    (AP, 9/23/97)(SFEC,11/23/97, Par p.19)

1780        Sep 25, American General Benedict Arnold joined the British.
    (MC, 9/25/01)(ON, 11/01, p.5)

1780        Oct 2, British spy John Andre was hanged in Tappan, N.Y., for conspiring with Benedict Arnold.
    (AP, 10/2/97)

1782        Dec 5, Martin Van Buren, 8th US President (1837-1841) was born in Kinderhook, N.Y. He was the first chief executive to be born after American independence.
    (AP, 12/5/08)

1783        Nov 3, Washington ordered the Continental Army disbanded from its cantonment at New Windsor, NY, where it had remained since defeating Cornwallis in 1781.
    (MC, 11/3/01)

1784        NY state awarded Thomas Paine 227 acres in New Rochelle.
    (SSFC, 4/1/01, p.A7)

1784        John Jacob Astor (1763-1848) arrived in New York in 1784 at age 20 and worked for a fur merchant. He built up his own fur business and invested in real estate. "Buy the acre, sell the lot." He married into the Brevoort family and left $20 million when he died.
    (HN, 7/17/98)(WSJ, 1/11/98, p.R18)(WSJ, 3/2/00, p.W10)

1787        Alexander Hamilton sponsored a New York law that recognized adultery as the only ground for divorce. It remained in force until 1967.
    (WSJ, 8/6/07, p.B1)

1788        Jul 26, New York became the 11th state to ratify the Constitution.
    (AP, 7/26/97)

1790        Oct 28, NY gave up claims to Vermont for $30,000.
    (MC, 10/28/01)

1791        Aaron Burr (1756-1836), later US vice president (1801-1805), was elected as US Senator from New York (1791-1797).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aaron_Burr)

1792        An edition of the Bible was first printed in New York.
    (WSJ, 8/7/98, p.W13)

1794        Nov 11, The Treaty of Canandaigua was signed at Canandaigua, New York, by fifty sachems and war chiefs representing the Grand Council of the Six Nations of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) Confederacy (including the Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca and Tuscarora tribes), and by Timothy Pickering, official agent of President George Washington.  The Canandaigua Treaty, a Treaty Between the United States of America and the Tribes of Indians Called the Six Nations, was signed.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Canandaigua)

1795-1840    New York state and local governments entered into 26 treaties and several purchase agreements with the Oneida Indians to acquire all but 32 of 270,000 acres. Almost none of the transactions were approved by Congress as required by a 1790 law.
    (SFC, 1/13/99, p.A9)

1797        Jan 1, Albany became the capital of New York state, replacing New York City.
    (AP, 1/1/98)

1797        Jun 2, 1st ascent of "Great Mountain" (4,622') in Adirondack, NY, was by C. Broadhead.
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1799        Mar 28, NY state abolished slavery.
    (MC, 3/28/02)

1800        Jan 7, Millard Fillmore, 13th US president (1850-1853), was born in Summerhill (Locke), N.Y.
    (SFC, 2/21/97, p.A25)(AP, 1/7/98)(HN, 1/7/99)

1800        Virginia congressman John Randolph described Edward Livingston of New York as follows: ~ez_ldquo~He was a man of splendid abilities, but utterly corrupt. Like rotten mackerel by moonlight, he shines and stinks.~ez_rdquo~
    (Econ, 6/1/13, p.16)

1801        May 16, William Henry Seward was born. He was later Gov. of New York,  the American Sec. of State from 1861-1869 under Pres. Lincoln and purchased Alaska for the United States.
    (HFA, '96, p.30)(AHD, p.1187)(HN, 5/16/99)(WSJ, 11/20/01, p.A16)

1802        Feb 23, Dewitt Clinton (1769-1828) began serving as US Senator from New York and continued to 1803.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DeWitt_Clinton)

1802        Mar 16, The US Congress authorized the establishment of the US Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. President Jefferson signed a measure authorizing the establishment of the US Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.
    (www.usma.edu/history.asp)(AP, 3/16/97)

1802         Jul 4, The United State Military Academy opened its doors at West Point, New York, welcoming the first 10 cadets.
    (AP, 7/4/97)(IB, Internet, 12/7/98)

1802        Joseph Ellicott, New York Quaker surveyor, founded Genessee County and the town of Batavia: "God made Buffalo, I will try and make Batavia."
    (WSJ, 6/28/02, p.W13)

1803        The Pinkster Ode was Dedicated To Carolus Africanus, Rex: Thus Rendered in English: King Charles, Capital-General and Commander in Chief of the Pinkster Boys in Albany, NY. Despite Pinkster~ez_rsquo~s Dutch origins, Africans in New York and New Jersey were so successful at incorporating their own cultures into the celebration that by the early 1800s Pinkster was actually considered an African-American holiday.
    (www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/res/pinkster.html)

1804        Jul 11, Vice President Aaron Burr mortally wounded Alexander Hamilton (47), former first Treasury Secretary, in a pistol duel near Weehawken, N.J. A warrant for Burr~ez_rsquo~s arrest was soon issued in New Jersey and New York, where Hamilton died. In 1999 Richard Brookhiser wrote "Alexander Hamilton: American." In 2001 Joanne B. Freeman edited his writings and published: Alexander Hamilton: Writings."
    (AP, 7/11/97)(HN, 7/11/98)(WSJ, 2/25/99, p.A16)(WSJ, 12/3/01, p.A17)(ON, 12/08, p6)

1804        Jul 12, Alexander Hamilton (47), US Sec. of Treasury, died in New York of wounds from a pistol duel in New Jersey with VP Aaron Burr. In 1920 Frederick Scott Oliver authored a Hamilton biography. In 2002 Stephen Knott authored "Alexander Hamilton and the Persistence of Myth." In 2004 Ron Chernow authored the biography "Alexander Hamilton." Lawyer Ambrose Spencer (1765-1848) said Hamilton ~ez_ldquo~more than any man, did the thinking of his time.~ez_rdquo~
    (WSJ, 2/4/04, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/25/04, p.M3)(WSJ, 10/20/04, p.D12)

1805        Charles Willson Peale, American painter began his painting "The Exhumation of the Mastodon." It was based on an 1881 real exhumation in rural New York that helped topple biblically inspired beliefs of the history of the earth.
    (SFC, 1/25/97, p.E3)

1807        Jan 11, Ezra Cornell, founder of Western Union Telegraph and Cornell University (NY), was born in Westchester, NY.
    (AP, 1/11/07)

1807        Aug 17, Robert Fulton~ez_rsquo~s "North River Steam Boat" (popularly, if erroneously, known to this day as the Clermont) began heading up New York~ez_rsquo~s Hudson River on its successful round-trip to Albany. It was 125 feet (142-feet) long and 20 feet wide with side paddle wheels and a sheet iron boiler. He averaged 5 mph for the 300-mile round trip. The boat was developed with business partner Robert Livingston.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.F4)(WSJ, 9/21/01, p.A22)(AP, 8/17/07)(ON, 6/12, p.1)

1807        Aug 19, Robert Fulton's North River Steamboat arrived in Albany, two days after leaving New York.
    (AP, 8/19/07)

1807        Aug 21, Robert Fulton's North River Steamboat set off from Albany on its return trip to New York, arriving some 30 hours later.
    (AP, 8/21/07)

1813        Feb 26, Robert R. Livingston (66), US diplomat (Declaration of Independence), died in Clermont, NY. He had helped Robert Fulton develop the "North River Steam Boat" (1807).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_R._Livingston_%28chancellor%29)(ON, 6/12, p.1)

1813        Jul 31, British invaded Plattsburgh, NY.
    (MC, 7/31/02)

1813        Sep 7, The earliest known printed reference to the United States by the nickname "Uncle Sam" occurred in the Troy Post.
    (HN, 9/7/98)

1813        Nov 16, The British announced a blockade of Long Island Sound, leaving only the New England coast open to shipping.
    (HN, 11/16/98)

1813        Dec 19, British forces captured Fort Niagara during the War of 1812.
    (AP, 12/19/06)

1813        Dec 30, The British burned Buffalo, N.Y., during the War of 1812.
    (AP, 12/30/06)

1814        May 5, The British attacked Ft. Ontario, Oswego, New York.
    (HN, 5/5/98)

1814        May 11, Americans defeated the British at Battle of Plattsburgh.
    (MC, 5/11/02)

1814        Oct, The name Uncle Sam, a nickname for the United States, was coined during the War of 1812. Workers at Samuel Wilson's meat-packing plant in Troy, N.Y., which supplied provisions to the U.S. Army, joked that the U.S. stamped on the barrels bound for the troops actually stood for their boss Uncle Sam Wilson. Army contractor Elbert Anderson, Jr. sought bids to provide food for the 5,000 soldiers at the Greenbush Cantonment near Troy, NY. The firm of E. & S. Wilson (Ebenezar and Samuel, d.1854 at 87) provided many of the rations in oak casks labeled "E.A.-U.S.," as required by the contract. A quip attributed the casks to Elbert Anderson and his Uncle Sam. Later government property in general became referred to as "Uncle Sam's."
    (Hem., 7/95, p.89)(WC, Summer '97, p.3)

1815        Nov 12, American suffragist Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born in Johnstown, N.Y.
    (AP, 11/12/97)

1816        Medical records from upstate NY showed that a patient paid 25 cents to have a tooth pulled and $1.25 to have a baby.
    (SFEC, 6/27/99, Z1 p.8)

1816        Gouverneur Morris (b.1752), chief writer of the US Constitution (1787), died at Morrisania, NY. In 2003 Richard Brookhiser authored "Gentleman Revolutionary," a biography of Morris.
    (WSJ, 5/28/03, p.D8)

1817        Jul 1, Dewitt Clinton (1769-1828) began serving his first term as governor of New York and continued to 1822.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DeWitt_Clinton)

1817         Work began on the Erie Canal, more properly named the New York State Barge Canal. The canal connected Lake Erie with the Hudson and opened on October 26, 1825. The canal was proposed by NY Gov. Dewitt Clinton and detractors called it "Clinton's Folly." Workers were paid a quart of whiskey a day plus $1.
    (WSJ, 7/3/96, p.A8)(HN, 7/4/98)(IB, Internet, 12/7/98)(SFEC, 12/27/98, Z1 p.8)(SFEC, 1/31/99, Z1 p.8)

1818        May 27, American reformer Amelia Jenks Bloomer, who popularized the "bloomers" garment that bears her name, was born in Homer, N.Y.
    (AP, 5/27/99)

1819        May 31, Poet Walt Whitman was born in West Hill, N.Y.
    (AP, 5/31/97)

1819        Oct 22, The 1st ship passed through Erie Canal (Rome-Utica).
    (MC, 10/22/01)

1819        Washington Irving published "The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon," which included "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" and "Rip Van Winkle."
    (USAT, 11/12/99, p.2D)

1820        Joseph Smith claimed that God and Christ appeared to him in Palmyra, NY, and told him not to join any existing church but to prepare for an important task.
    (NW, 9/10/01, p.48)

1820        Eliphalet Snedecor rented land on Long Island, NY, and established a tavern. It became popular among fisherman and bird shooters.
    (WSJ, 10/9/07, p.D6)

1822        Mar 9, The first patent for false teeth was requested by C. Graham of NY. [see Jun 9, 1882]
    (HN, 3/9/98)(MC, 3/9/02)

1822        Jun 9, Charles Graham patented false teeth. [see Mar 9, 1822]
    (MC, 6/9/02)

1823        Sep 21, The Angel Moroni 1st appeared to Joseph Smith (b.1823), according to Smith (founder of Mormon Church). Smith in New York claimed that an angel named Moroni led him to ancient golden plates that revealed the untold story of America during biblical times.
    (SFC, 4/8/96, p.A-1,6)(MC, 9/21/01)

1823        Dec 23, The poem "A Visit from St. Nicholas" by Clement C. Moore, often called "Twas the night before Christmas," was published in the Troy, N.Y., Sentinel. Recent scholarship reveals the original to have been written by Major Henry Livingston (1748-1828).
    (AP, 12/23/97)(AH, 4/01, p.12)(AH, 2/05, p.18)

1824        Mar 2, In the Supreme Court case of Gibbons v Ogden held that the power to regulate interstate commerce was granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause of the Constitution. The Court found that New York's licensing requirement for out-of-state operators was inconsistent with a congressional act regulating the coasting trade. Gibbons had hired Cornelius Vanderbilt as captain of his boat, Bellona, which operated under a federal license.
    (Econ, 4/18/09, p.90)(ON, 6/12, p.2)

1824        Mar 9, Leland Stanford (d.1863), railroad builder and founder of Stanford University, was born in what was then Watervliet, New York (later the town of Colonie).
    (HN, 3/9/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leland_Stanford)

1824        Nov 5, Stephen Van Rensselaer established the Rensselaer School with a letter to Rev. Dr. Samuel Blatchford, in which he asked him to serve as the first president. The first engineering college in the U.S., Rensselaer School, opened in Troy, New York, on Jan 3, 1825. It later became known as Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rensselaer_Polytechnic_Institute)(WSJ, 6/2/06, p.79)

1825        Jan 1, Dewitt Clinton (1769-1828) began serving his 2nd term as governor of New York and continued to 1828.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DeWitt_Clinton)

1825        Oct 26, The Erie Canal was opened in upstate New York. It cut through 363 miles of wilderness and measured 40 feet wide and 4 feet deep. It had 18 aqueducts and 83 locks and rose 568 feet from the Hudson River to Lake Erie. The first boat on the Erie Canal left Buffalo, N.Y. after eight years of construction. At the request of New York Governor DeWitt Clinton, the New York state legislature had provided $7 million to finance the project. The canal facilitated trade between New York City and the Midwest--manufactured goods were shipped out of New York and agricultural products were returned from the Midwest. As the canal became vital to trade, New York City flourished and settlers rapidly moved into the Midwest and founded towns like Clinton, Illinois. [see 1826] Gov. Clinton rode the Seneca Chief canal boat from Buffalo to New York harbor for the inauguration. In 2004 Peter L. Bernstein authored ~ez_ldquo~Wedding of the Waters: The Erie Canal and the Making of a Great Nation.~ez_rdquo~ In 2009 Gerard Koeppel authored ~ez_ldquo~Bond of Union: Building the Erie Canal and the American Empire.~ez_rdquo~
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, p.T10)(AP, 10/26/97)(HN, 10/26/98)(WSJ, 2/8/00, p.A24)(WSJ, 1/14/05, p.W6)(Econ, 2/28/09, p.89)

1925        Nov 16, American Association for Advancement of Atheism was formed  in NY.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1825        Nov 26, The first college social fraternity, the Kappa Alpha Society, was formed at Union College in Schenectady, N.Y.
    (AP, 11/26/97)(HN, 11/26/98)

1825        Sing Sing Prison opened on the banks of the Hudson River. The name was from the local Sint Sinct Indian tribe. [see 1901]
    (WSJ, 3/29/02, p.A1)

1825        Mordecai Noah attempted to establish a Jewish state called Grand Island near Buffalo. No one came to the grand opening ceremony. At this time there were about 1000 Jews living in Manhattan.
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.E1,8)

1826        The Erie Canal, 387 miles long and completed in 1826, connected Lake Erie, at Buffalo, to the Hudson River at Albany, New York. Begun in 1817 through the determined efforts of New York Governor DeWitt Clinton, the canal, which utilized light packet boats drawn by horses, reduced the passenger schedule between Buffalo and Albany from the 10 days required by stage service to three-and-a-half days. The canal brought many settlers to the Mohawk Valley and formed a great highway for freight from the Northwest to the seaboard. [see 1825]
    (HNQ, 12/29/99)

1826        In Batavia Capt. William Morgan was kidnapped by brother Masons for divulging fraternity secrets. His body was never found. His book "Illustrations of Freemasonry" revealed some Mason secrets. His death inspired America's 1st third party, the anti-Mason, who dominated western NY for almost a decade.
    (WSJ, 7/25/00, p.A20)(WSJ, 2/6/02, p.A16)(WSJ, 6/28/02, p.W13)

1827        Jul 4, New York state law emancipated adult slaves. The laws were rewritten to make sure that all slaves would eventually be freed.
    (SFEC, 12/1/96, BR p.5)(Maggio, 98)(ON, 11/99, p.5)

1827        Joseph Smith, Mormon founder, received his tablets on Mount Cumorah near Palmyra, NY.
    (NW, 9/10/01, p.48)

1828        Feb 11, Dewitt Clinton (b.1769), American politician and naturalist. He had served as a US Senator, 2-time governor of New York state and 3-time mayor of NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DeWitt_Clinton)

1828        In Cobleskill, NY, cows fell into a cave, that was turned into the Secret Caverns tourist attraction. [see 1842]
    (SFC, 7/25/03, p.A2)

1829        May 15, Joseph Smith was "ordained" by John the Baptist- according to Joseph Smith.  Mormon church was founded in NY.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1829        Oct 17, Sam Patch (~23), stunt diver, successfully dove 120 feet from a platform on Goat Island at Niagara Falls.
    (MC, 11/13/01)(ON, 4/02, p.6)

1829        Nov 13, Sam Patch (~23), stunt diver, dove 125 feet from a platform at the Genesee Falls on Friday the 13th in Rochester, NY. His body was found the following March in the Genesee River ice. In 2003 Paul E. Johnson authored "Sam Patch, the Famous Jumper."
    (ON, 4/02, p.6)(SSFC, 6/15/03, p.M6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sam_Patch)

1829        Abner Cutler started a cabinet making business in Buffalo, New York. The company manufactured roll-top desks for decades.
    (SFC, 8/17/05, p.G5)

1830        Apr 6, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was organized by Joseph Smith and five others in Fayette, Seneca County, N.Y. Joseph Smith (25) published the ~ez_ldquo~Book of Mormon~ez_rdquo~ in Palmyra, New York. He claimed that the manuscript was based on ancient golden plates revealed to him by the angel Moroni and written in the language of the Egyptians. The book records the journey of an ancient Israelite prophet, Lehi, and his family to the American continent some 2,000 years ago. [see 1827, 1831] Some 5,000 copies of the book were published. In 2014 Avi Steinberg authored ~ez_ldquo~The Lost Book of Mormon: A Journey Through the Mythic Lands of Nephi, Zarahemla & Kansas City, Missouri.~ez_rdquo~
    (SFC, 4/9/96, A-7)(NH, 10/96, p.19)(AP, 4/6/97)(SFC, 6/15/12, p.A24)(SSFC, 10/26/14, p.P3)

1831        Aug 9, 1st US steam engine train run was from Albany to Schenectady, NY.
    (MC, 8/9/02)

1831        Early followers of Joseph Smith merged with a communal Christian sect and relocated to Kirkland, Ohio. [see 1838]
    (SFC, 4/9/96, A-7)

1834        Feb 26, New York and New Jersey ratified the 1st US interstate crime compact.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1834        Dec 3, 1st US dental society was organized in NY.
    (MC, 12/3/01)

1834        New York~ez_rsquo~s Gov. Marcy warned the state not to enlarge the banking superstructure without strengthening its foundation.
    (Panic, p.17)

1834        New York and New Jersey made a compact over Ellis Island, then a 3-acre site that held that the surrounding submerged land belonged to New Jersey. By 1998 the island was 27.5 acres due to landfill and its ownership was under contention.
    (SFC, 1/13/98, p.A2)

1835        Nov 23, Henry Burden invented the first machine for manufacturing horseshoes. He then made most of the horseshoes for the Union Cavalry in the Civil War. Burden patented a Horseshoe manufacturing machine in Troy, NY.
    (SFC, 7/13/96, p.E3)(MC, 11/23/01)

1836         Aug 25, Bret Harte (d.1902), American author and journalist, was born in Albany, NY. "The only sure thing about luck is that it will change." [1839 also given as a birth date]
    (WUD, 1994 p.648)(AP, 4/2/98)(SFEC, 9/3/00, BR p.6)

1837        Dec 29, Canadian militiamen, claiming self-defense, destroyed the Caroline, a US steamboat docked at Buffalo, N.Y. It was being used to ferry supplies to anti-British rebels in Canada.
    (AP, 12/29/97)(Econ, 11/22/03, p.25)

1839        Jul 8, John D. Rockefeller (d.1937), financier, philanthropist, founder of Standard Oil, was born on a farm in Richford, New York. He moved into the refining end of the oil business and gobbled up competitors. The 1890 Sherman Anti-Trust Act forced the breakup of his Standard Oil Co. Ron Chernow later published "Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller." His philanthropy totaled over $500 million and included the founding of the Univ. of Chicago and the Rockefeller Inst. For medical Research, later Rockefeller Univ.
    (HN, 7/8/98)(WSJ, 1/11/98, p.R18)(AP, 7/8/99)

1839        Jun 12, Baseball was said to have been invented. According to legend Abner Doubleday chased cows out of Elihu Phiney~ez_rsquo~s pasture and invented the game of baseball at Cooperstown, New York, later home of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and the Cooperstown Bat Company. In 1939 on the 100th anniversary of the day Abner Doubleday supposedly invented the sport, the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum was dedicated in Cooperstown, N.Y. Americans began playing baseball in the 1840s. It was derived from the British game called rounders.
    (SFE, 10/1/95, p.T-11)(AP, 6/12/97)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(WSJ, 7/19/01, p.A20)

1839        Sep 28, Frances E.C. Willard, founder of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, was born in NY.
    (MC, 9/28/01)

1839        New York~ez_rsquo~s Gov. William Seward (1801-1872) made his 1st inaugural address. 
    (WSJ, 11/20/01, p.A16)

1841        Sep 9, The Great Lakes steamer "Erie" sank off Silver Creek, NY., and 300 people died.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1842        In Cobleskill, NY, cows stumbled across a cave on property owned by Lester Howe. The area was turned into the Howe Caverns tourist attraction. [see 1928]
    (SFC, 7/25/03, p.A2)

1843        Alonzo Blanchard of Albany, NY, patented a stove design called ~ez_ldquo~Washington.~ez_rdquo~ It featured a cast-iron statue of George Washington on top.
    (SFC, 7/9/08, p.G5)

1844        Sep 25-1844 Sep 27, The first int~ez_rsquo~l. cricket match was played between the USA and Canada at the St George's Cricket Club, Bloomingdale Park, NY. Canada won by 23 runs.
    (Econ, 7/24/10, p.83)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_v_Canada_%281844%29)

1845        Beriah Swift of Millbrook, N.Y., patented a coffee mill and built a factory to make the mills. He was joined by William and John Lane about 1880 and the company moved to Poughkeepsie.
    (SFC, 10/14/98, Z1 p.3)

1845        Baseball players in Hoboken formed the Knickerbocker club. Alexander Joe Cartwright was one of the pivotal figures.
    (WSJ, 7/19/01, p.A20)

1847-1852    Durfee~ez_rsquo~s Knickerbocker root beer was bottled in Rochester, New York, during this period. Durfee used a 12-sided bottle in Ohio and New York. In 2008 the bottles were valued at about $125.
    (SFC, 3/26/08, p.G3)

1848        Mar 29-1848 Mar 31, Niagara Falls slowed to a trickle for about 30 hours due to an ice jam from Lake Erie in the Niagara River.
    (ON, 12/05, p.10)(SSFC, 3/29/09, p.C10)

1848        Jul 19, The first women~ez_rsquo~s rights convention convened in Seneca Falls, New York. Organized by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, the two-day convention discussed such topics as voting, property rights and divorce. It launched the women~ez_rsquo~s suffrage movement. The convention issued a "Declaration of Sentiments" based on the Declaration of Independence. "The ideal newspaper woman has the keen zest for life of a child, the cool courage of a man and the subtlety of a woman." Elizabeth Cady Stanton made her first public speech at the Woman's Rights Convention. After Cady Stanton was denied participation in an anti-slavery convention and was told that women were "constitutionally unfit for public and business meetings," she and four other women, including abolitionist Lucretia Coffin Mott, planned a convention to challenge that notion. They drafted a "Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions," 11 resolutions calling for equal rights for women, including the right to vote. After lengthy debate, the document was amended and signed by 68 women and 32 men of the approximately 300 attendees, setting the American women's rights movement in motion. Susan B. Anthony joined the movement in 1852.
    (HNPD, 7/19/98)(SFEC, 7/20/97, Par p.8)(SFEM, 6/28/98, p.30)(SFC, 7/6/98, p.D8)

1848        Jul 26, Charles Ellet Jr., engineer, completed a light suspension bridge over the Niagara River. A boy's kite was used to transfer the 1st line across.
    (ON, 7/02, p.8)

1848        Aug 9, The Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merged with the Free Soil Party and nominated Martin Van Buren for president at its convention in Buffalo, N.Y. The Hunkers and the Barnburners were two factions within the Democratic Party of New York split over the slavery issue in 1848. They injected the issue into the Democratic National Convention held in Baltimore in 1848 when they both sent delegations. The Barnburners (who were also known as the "Softs" while the Hunkers were called the "Hards") were firm supporters of the Wilmot Proviso of 1846 that sought to restrict the spread of slavery to newly acquired territory.
    (AP, 8/9/97)(HNQ, 11/28/98)(MC, 8/9/02)

1848        John Humphrey Noyes (b.1811) founded the Oneida Community in upstate New York. The Perfectionists were organized around communal property and a complex marriage that wed all members to each other. In 1993 Spencer Klaw (d.2004) authored ~ez_ldquo~Without Sin: The Life and Death of the Oneida Community.~ez_rdquo~
    (MC, 9/3/01)(SSFC, 12/29/02, p.A6)(SFC, 6/21/04, p.B5)

1849        Jan 23, English-born Elizabeth Blackwell, the 1st woman to receive medical degree, graduated at the top of her class from the medical school of Hobart College in Geneva, N.Y.
    (http://campus.hws.edu/his/blackwell/biography.html)(ON, 4/03, p.2)

1850        Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky introduced the 8 provisions of the Great Compromise Bill. The provisions of the Great Compromise bill were reduced to 5 and passed one by one. They were in sum: 1) the admission of California as a free state; 2) slavery in the territories of Utah and New Mexico would be resolved by popular sovereignty; 3) slavery would be ended in the District of Columbia; 4) the federal government would assume a $10 million debt by Texas; 5) the federal government would be responsible for the return of runaway slaves. New York Sen. W.F. Seward stated: "The unity of our empire hangs on the decision of this day."
    (SFC, 2/21/97, p.A25)

1851        Sep 14, James Fenimore Cooper (b.1789), writer, died at Cooperstown, NY.
    (www.online-literature.com)

1852        Apr 13, Frank W. Woolworth (d.1919), founder of the retail chain of 5&10 cent stores, was born on a farm near Watertown New York.
    (SFC,10/20/97, p.B2)(HN, 4/13/98)

1852        Jul 4, Frederick Douglass delivered the keynote speech for the Independence Day celebration in Rochester, NY. In 2006 James A. Colaiaco authored Frederick Douglass and the Fourth of July.~ez_rdquo~
    (WSJ, 7/1/06, p.P6)

1852        Sep 27, "Uncle Tom's Cabin," premiered in Troy, NY.
    (MC, 9/27/01)

1852        Elisha Graves Otis invented a safety elevator in Yonkers, NY. Otis invented the safety elevator to brake the car to a halt if the supporting cable broke. Otis Steam Elevator Works made its 1st sale in 1854 to P.T. Barnum for display at the New York~ez_rsquo~s World Fair. In 1889 (the same year Eiffel built his Tower) the elevator met electricity. United Technologies acquired Otis in 1976. In 2001 Jason Goodwin authored "Otis, Giving Rise to the Modern City."
    (HT, 5/97, p.23)(HNQ, 4/21/01)(WSJ, 10/9/01, p.A20)(ON, 5/05, p.12)

1853        Aug 24, The 1st potato chips were prepared by Chef George Crum at Saratoga Springs, NY.
    (MC, 8/24/02)

1853        Oct 1, Robert Schuyler, the president and general transfer agent of the New York & New Haven Railroad Company, began issuing, shares of stock beyond the capital limited by its charter.
    (http://tinyurl.com/dbok8a)(http://bulk.resource.org/courts.gov/c/US/111/111.US.156.html)

1853        Elizabeth Schermerhorn James, the aunt of Edith Wharton, built the Wyndclyffe mansion in Rhinebeck, NY.
    (WSJ, 9/29/03, p.A1)

1854        Apr 15, The immigrant steamer ship "Powchattan" (Powhattan) struck Brigantine Shoals and sank off Long Beach, NY. Over 300 people died.
    (www.maritimeheritage.org/PassLists/js051854.html)

1854          May 30, Vermont native Elisha Graves Otis (1811-1861) unveiled his invention, the safety elevator at the New York World's Fair. Audiences gasped as Otis, riding on the hoist's platform, dramatically ordered the lifting rope cut. Instead of falling, the car locked safely into the elevator shaft. Prior to the 1850s there was no existing market for passenger elevators because there was no safety mechanism in the event of a cable break. In 1852 Otis was a master mechanic working at a bedstead factory in Yonkers, N.Y., when he built a hoisting machine with two sets of metal teeth at the car's sides. If the lifting rope broke, the teeth would lock into place, preventing the car from falling. Otis never realized the potential of his invention. His sons built the Otis Elevator Company, enabling the skylines of cities throughout the world to be transformed with skyscrapers.
    (HNPD, 5/30/99)(ON, 5/05, p.12)

1854        Jul 12, George Eastman (d.1932), inventor of the Kodak camera, was born in Waterville, N.Y.
    (AP, 7/12/99)

1854        Dec 26, Wood pulp paper was 1st exhibited in Buffalo.
    (MC, 12/26/01)

1855        The stone Lydig Monson Hoyt House, overlooking the Hudson River in Dutchess County, N.Y., was designed by Calvert Vaux. It was acquired by the state in 1962 for $300,000. It became an orphan property of the state and in 1998 was offered to private benefactors on a 40-year lease.
    (SFC, 3/11/98, Z1 p.9)

1857        The state's Republican governor created a rival police force in NYC to undercut the criminally affiliated Democratic Mayor, Fernando Wood. The court ruled in favor of the governor.
    (WSJ, 8/2100, p.A14)
1857        A court case in New York, Livingstone v Bank of New York, held that a bank could not be deemed insolvent merely because, during a general panic, it could not redeem its notes in specie.
    (Econ, 12/1/12, p.90)

1858        Sen. Seward denounced "an aristocracy of slaveholders" who controlled the country through their southern legislators: "I know that the Democratic Party must go down, and the Republican Party must rise in its place.
    (WSJ, 11/20/01, p.A16)

1859        Feb 19, Daniel E. Sickles, NY congressman, was acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity. This was the 1st time this defense was successfully used. Sickles had shot and killed Philip Barton Key, son of Francis Scott Key, author of "Star Spangled Banner." He shot Lee, the DC district attorney, in Lafayette Square for having an affair with his wife. Sickles pleaded temporary insanity and the sanctity of a man's home and beat the murder rap.
    (WSJ, 3/29/02, p.W10)(MC, 2/19/02)

1859        Jul 1, John Wise (d.1879), O. A. Gager and John La Mountain took off on a maiden balloon flight to carry mail from St. Louis to NYC. They landed in Jefferson County, New York state on July 2. Their over 800-mile flight stood as a record until 1900.
    (ON, 11/00, p.8)

1859        Nov 28, Washington Irving (b. Apr 3,1783) American essayist, author, historian, biographer, attorney/lawyer, died. He was buried in the Hudson Valley Old Dutch Church cemetery in Tarrytown. He was born in New York City and wrote the "Legend of Sleepy Hollow" and "Rip Van Winkle."
    (DT, 11/28/97)(USAT, 11/12/99, p.2D)

1859        Jun 30, French acrobat Blondin (born Jean Francois Gravelet) crossed Niagara Falls on a tightrope as 5,000 spectators watched.
    (AP, 6/30/97)(HN, 6/30/98)

1859        Aug 17, Harry Colcord crossed over the Niagara Falls while strapped to the back of French tightrope walker Blondin.
    (www.simpenguin.com/genealogy/blondin/charlesblondinbio.html)

1860        Aug 3, The American Canoe Association was founded at Lake George, NY.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1860        Sep 7, Anna Mary Robertson Moses (d.1961), American folk painter, was born in Greenwich, NY. She began painting at the age of 78. She won worldwide fame in the 1950s with her paintings of rural American farm life.
    (AP, 4/19/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grandma_Moses)

1860        Bard College began as a small school in Annandale-on-Hudson. It was next to Montgomery Place, whose landscape was attributed to Andrew Jackson Downing, America's most famous 19th century landscape architect.
    (WSJ, 11/24/98, p.A20)

1861-1885    The New York Stoneware Co. was in business in Fort Edward, NY, during this period. It also worked under the name of Satterlee and Morey.
    (SFC, 6/29/05, p.F12)

1862        Jan 30, The USS Monitor was launched at Greenpoint, Long Island.
    (HN, 1/30/99)(AH, 12/02, p.8)

1862        Mar 12, Jane Delano (d.1919), nurse, teacher and founder of the American Red Cross, was born in Montour Falls, New York. She helped the American Red Cross Nursing Service to be recognized as the nursing reserve for the Army and Navy.
    (www.wordiq.com/definition/Jane_Delano)

1862        Jul 24, Martin Van Buren (79), the eighth president of the United States, died in Kinderhook, N.Y.
    (AP, 7/24/97)(HN, 7/24/98)

1862        The Buffalo Fine Arts Academy was founded in Buffalo, NY. In 1905 it opened the Albright-Knox Art Gallery following a generous gift from Buffalo entrepreneur and philanthropist John J. Albright.
    (WSJ, 11/15/06, p.D14)(www.albrightknox.org/geninfo.html)   

1863        Jan 4, Roller skates with 4 wheels were patented by James Plimpton of NY.
    (MC, 1/4/02)

1863        Aug 3, Horatio Seymour (1810-1886), two-time governor of NY (1853-54 and 1863-64), asked Pres. Lincoln to suspend the draft in NY.
    (SC, 8/3/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horatio_Seymour)
1863        Aug 3, The Saratoga Race Course opened in Saratoga Springs, NY.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saratoga_Race_Course)

1864        Apr 30, New York became the 1st state to charge for a hunting license.
    (MC, 4/30/02)

1864        Grover Cleveland, a lawyer and politician in Buffalo, New York, dodged the draft by provided a substitute when he was drafted.
    (HNQ, 8/4/00)

1865        Cornell Univ., the youngest member of the Ivy League, was founded by Ezra Cornell and Andrew Dickson White as a coeducational, non-sectarian institution where admission was offered irrespective of religion or race.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornell_University)

1866        Feb 26, New York Legislature established the NYC Metropolitan Board of Health.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1866        May 5, Villagers in Waterloo, NY, held their 1st Memorial Day service. In 1966 Pres. Johnson gave Waterloo, NY, the distinction of holding the 1st Memorial Day. On Apr 13, 1862, volunteers led by Sarah J. Evans had paid homage to the graves of Civil War soldiers in the Washington area.
    (SFC, 5/26/03, p.A2)

1866        May 29, US Gen'l. Winfield Scott (79) died at West Point, New York. Union General Winfield Scott was the originator of the military strategy known as the "Anaconda Plan." Scott's plan for defeating the Confederacy featured a naval blockade of the South designed to slowly "strangle" the fledgling country. The Union did impose such a blockade, but by 1861 Scott was considered too old to lead the federal armies and he retired that November. Although a Virginian born on June 13, 1786, Scott-popularly called "Old Fuss and Feathers"-remained loyal to the Union and its army he commanded when war broke out.
    (HNQ, 2/19/99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winfield_Scott)

1866        A group of NY sportsmen purchased some 4,000 acres on Long Island centered around Snedecor~ez_rsquo~s Tavern and established the Southside Sportsmen~ez_rsquo~s Club. Around 1963 the land was turned into a state preserve.
    (WSJ, 10/9/07, p.D6)

1867        Jun 19, The first running of the Belmont Stakes horserace in the US. It later became part of the Triple Crown. Oldest of the three U.S. horse races that constitute the Triple Crown. The Belmont is named after August Belmont. The stakes is held in early June at Belmont Park, near Garden City, Long Island; the course is 1.5 mi (2,400 m).
    (HFA, '96, p.32)(SFEC, 5/30/99, Z1 p.8)(YB)

1868        Oct 7, Cornell University was inaugurated in Ithaca, N.Y.
    (AP, 10/7/97)

1868        Nov 3, Republican Ulysses S. Grant was elected 18th president. He won the election over Democrat Horatio Seymour (1810-1886), two-time governor of NY (1853-54 and 1863-64), by 27,000 votes. Seymour ran fairly close to Ulysses Grant in the popular vote, but was defeated decisively in the electoral vote by a count of 214 to 80. Grant used the 1867 typewriter phrase "Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of the party" for his campaign.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horatio_Seymour)(AP, 11/3/97)(SFEC, 3/22/98, Z1 p.8)(WSJ, 2/17/99, p.A22)

1868        Dec 5, 1st American bicycle college opened in NY.
    (MC, 12/5/01)

1868        Maud Humphrey, artist, was born in Rochester, N.Y. She worked as a watercolorist and specialized in portraits of children dressed in Victorian fashions. One of her children was movie star Humphrey Bogart.
    (SFC, 7/1/98, Z1 p.6)

1868        Emily and Elizabeth Blackwell opened the world~ez_rsquo~s 1st medical school for women, the Women~ez_rsquo~s Medical College of the New York Infirmary.~ez_rdquo~
    (ON, 4/03, p.3)

1868        In Syracuse NY the Everson Museum of Art was founded.
    (WSJ, 6/20/97, p.A16)

1869        Aug 24, Cornelius Swarthout of Troy, New York, patented the waffle iron.
    (HN, 8/24/00)

1869        The Bardovan Theater in Poughkeepsie was built.
    (WSJ, 7/15/99, p.A16)

1869        Daniel E. Sickles was appointed minister to Spain. A newspaper summed up his career: "mail robber, spy, murderer, confidence man, general, satrap, politician." In 2002 Thomas Keneally authored "American Scoundrel," a biography of Sickles.
    (WSJ, 3/29/02, p.W10)

1869        The petrified man hoax known as the "Cardiff Giant" was promoted in New York, Boston, Albany and Syracuse. A 10 foot 4 ˝ inch limestone statue of a man was claimed to have been dug up in Cardiff, N.Y.
    (SFC, 11/18/00, p.B3)

1869        John Augustus Roebling, inventor of the steel wire cable and designer of the bridge, was killed in a construction accident at the outset of construction of the Brooklyn Bridge. Roebling had earlier completed the first suspension bridge over the Niagara gorge linking the US and Canada. His son and partner, Washington A. Roebling, supervised the Brooklyn Bridge to its completion in spite of a debilitating illness.
    (HFA, '96, p.30)(AP, 5/24/97)(HNPD, 5/23/99)(WSJ, 6/10/99, p.A24)

1870        Feb 2, The "Cardiff Giant," supposedly the petrified remains of a human discovered in Cardiff, N.Y., was revealed to be nothing more than carved gypsum.
    (AP, 2/2/97)

1870        Feb 2, Samuel Clemens, Mark Twain, married Olivia Langdon in Elmira, New York. He fell in love with her photograph during an 1867 trip to the Holy Land with her brother Charles.
    (SFEM, 1/25/98, p.31)

1871        Jan 3,   Henry W. Bradley patented oleomargarine in Binghamton, NY.
    (AH, 2/06, p.14)

1872        Oct 10, William Henry Seward (b.1801), former Gov. of New York (1839-1842) and American Sec. of State from 1861-1869, died in Auburn, NY. He had arranged the purchase of Alaska for the United States. In 2012 Walter Stahr authored ~ez_ldquo~Seward: Lincoln~ez_rsquo~s Indispensable Man.~ez_rdquo~
    (Economist, 9/29/12, p.90)( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_H._Seward)

1872        Nov 5, Suffragist Susan B. Anthony and a number of other women voted in Rochester, New York, in the US general election. On Nov 18, 1872, she was arrested for voting in the presidential election.
    (ON, 8/09, p.2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susan_B._Anthony)

1873        Mar 1, E. Remington and Sons (1816~ez_ndash~1896), a firearms manufacturer founded in 1816 by Eliphalet Remington in Ilion, New York, started manufacturing the first commercial typewriter. James Densmore and George Yost contracted Remington to build 1,000 machines designed by Christopher Latham Sholes.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E._Remington_and_Sons)(ON, 12/10, p.8)

1873        Jun 18, Suffragist Susan B. Anthony (1815-1906) was fined $100 in Canandaigua, NY, for attempting to vote in the 1872 presidential election. The fine was never paid [see Nov 5, 1872].
    (AP, 6/18/97)(HN, 6/18/98)(ON, 12/09, p.4)

1873         The New York Society for the Suppression of Vice (NYSSV) was founded by Anthony Comstock and his supporters in the Young Men's Christian Association.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2uzjmwm)
1873        Asa T. Soule of Rochester, NY, concocted the alcohol laced Hop Bitters patent medicine and made a fortune. The Univ. of Rochester later declined a $100,000 offer to change its name to Hops Bitters Univ.
    (SFC, 12/11/99, p.B6)

1874        Feb 17, Thomas J. Watson Sr. (d.1956), U.S. industrialist, was born in upstate New York. In 1914 he began running the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co., a predecessor to IBM. He converted the financially ailing manufacturing business into the international giant IBM.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1614)(HN, 2/17/99)(WSJ, 5/15/03, p.A1)

1874        Mar 8, Millard Fillmore (b.1800), the 13th president of the United States (1850-1853), died of a stroke in Buffalo, N.Y.
    (SFC, 2/21/97, p.A25)(AP, 1/7/98)(AP, 3/8/98)

1874        The Chautauqua Institution began as a Methodist community 60 miles south of Buffalo and established a reputation as a purveyor of summer "learning vacations." [see 1878] The Chautauqua Institution was founded to further adult education. In 1970 Alfreda L. Irwin authored a study of the community: "Three Taps of the Gavel."
    (SFEC, 9/29/96, Par p.13)(SFEC, 5/30/99, p.T2)(WSJ, 8/1/00, p.B1)

1874        The 1st rail line to the Hamptons ran to Bridgehampton. 20 years later it was extended to Montauk, Long Island. The 4-day trip from NYC was reduced to 1 day.
    (WSJ, 5/31/02, p.W12)

1874        Winslow Homer (1836-1910), son of a local whaler, took up painting in East Hampton, NY.
    (SSFC, 7/18/04, p.M2)

1875        John Durant Larkin established a soap company in Buffalo, N.Y. The Larkin Co. attracted customers by offering premium gifts. In 1901 the company founded Buffalo Pottery to manufacture dishes given as premiums. The company closed in 1962.
    (SFC, 2/11/98, Z1 p.6)

1876        Feb 2, The National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs was formed in New York.
    (AP, 2/2/97)

1876        T. Southard of Peekskill, NY, became Southard, Robertson & Co. The Southard company had manufactured toy wood-burning heating stoves as early as 1850.
    (SFC, 3/1/06, p.G7)

1877        Richard Dugdale, American social reformer, authored ~ez_ldquo~The Jukes: A Study in Crime, Pauperism, Disease, and Heredity.~ez_rdquo~ The Jukes clan from upstate New York counted prostitutes, thieves and drunkards in its ranks.
    (WSJ, 1/15/09, p.A9)

1878        Aug 10, In Chautauqua, New York, John H. Vincent (46), clergyman, introduced his idea for the Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle. His vision was to spread education around the globe with organized reading programs. The 1878 class read "Old Tales Retold from Grecian Mythology" by Augusta Larned  and "Studies of the Stars" by Henry w. Warren.
    (WSJ, 8/1/00, p.B1)

1878        Aug 21, The American Bar Association was founded in Saratoga, N.Y.
    (AP, 8/21/97)

1878        Scribner~ez_rsquo~s Magazine sent a crew of bohemian writers and artists, the Tile Club, to report on life in East Hampton, NY.
    (SSFC, 7/18/04, p.M2)

1878        George Eastman of Rochester, NY, developed his own dry-plate formula for taking pictures, an improvement on a method by British photographer Charles Bennett.
    (ON, 3/05, p.10)

1879        Feb 22, Frank Winfield Woolworth's 'nothing over five cents' shop opened at Utica, New York. It was the first chain store. The "Great 5-Cent Store" failed within weeks.
    (SFC,10/20/97, p.B2)(AP, 2/22/99)(HN, 2/22/99)

1879        Genesee Brewing began producing beer in Rochester, NY.
    (SFC, 3/13/00, p.B2)

1879         George Eastman of Rochester, NY, perfected a ready-to-use dry plate for photography. Eastman sought to improve the chemistry and the processes of photography that had, for 40 years, required subjects to remain perfectly still for exposure times of up to a minute.
    (HN, 7/12/99)

1880        Dec, George Eastman received an order for photographic dry-plates and together with Henry Strong launched the Eastman Dry Plate Co.
    (ON, 3/05, p.11)

1881        Aug 27, New York state's Pure Food Law went into effect to prevent "the adulteration of food or drugs."
    (HN, 8/27/00)

1882        Jan 30, The 32nd president of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, was born in Hyde Park, N.Y.
    (AP, 1/30/98)

1882        Jul 22,    Edward Hopper (d.1967), American artist (Nighthawks), was born in Nyack, N.Y.
    (www.fact-index.com)

1882        Lake Placid Lodge was built in the Adirondacks by a German family.
    (SSFC, 3/17/02, p.27)

1883        Jul 24, Matthew Webb (b.1848), the 1st person to swim the English Channel (1875), drowned while trying to swim across the Niagara River just below the falls.
    (ON, 2/05, p.12)(www.telfordlife.com/Capt%20Webb.htm)

1883        Sep 11, James Goold Cutler, architect, patented the postal mail chute. The first one was installed in Rochester N.Y. He later became the mayor of Rochester.
    (SFC, 9/28/96, p.E4)(WSJ, 7/11/01, p.A1)(MC, 9/11/01)

1883        Echo Camp was built in the Adirondacks for Gov. Phineas C. Lounsbury of Connecticut. It was later turned into a private girl's camp.
    (SFCM, 3/17/02, p.25)

1884        Sep 17, Charles Tomlinson Griffes, composer (White Peacock), was born in Elmira, NY.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1884        Oct 14, Transparent paper-strip photographic film was patented by George Eastman. He had invented a flexible paper-backed film that could be wound on rollers. To encourage amateur photography and film sales, Eastman developed a simple black box camera that cost $25 and came already loaded with a 100-exposure roll of film. When the roll was used up, the entire No. 1 Kodak camera was shipped back to Eastman's factory for developing and reloading, at a cost of only $10. Eastman's photographic improvements proved successful, with 13,000 cameras sold in 1888. The roll holder was designed by William Hall Walker. Eastman renamed his corporation the Eastman Dry Plate and Film Company.
    (HN, 7/12/99)(HN, 10/14/00)(ON, 3/05, p.11)

1884        Prior to his first election to the presidency in 1884, Democrat Grover Cleveland, then a bachelor, admitted that Republican charges accusing him of fathering a child as a young man in Buffalo were true. His honesty helped to calm the issue, despite the popular campaign chant against him: "Ma, Ma, where's my Pa? Gone to the White House, Ha, Ha, Ha!" Cleveland married Frances Folsom in the White House in 1886. He lost a reelection bid in 1888 to Benjamin Harrison, even though he won the popular vote, but regained the White House in 1892 to serve a second term as the 24th president.
    (HN, 1/19/00)

1885        Mar 26, The Eastman Film Co. of Rochester, N.Y., manufactured the first commercial motion picture film. George Eastman had perfected a method for bonding photographic emulsion onto thin strips of celluloid.
    (AP, 3/25/98)(HN, 3/25/98)(ON, 11/03, p.5)

1885        Jul 23, Ulysses S. Grant (b.1822), commander of the Union forces at the end of the Civil War and the 18th president of the United States, died in Mount McGregor, NY, at age 63. He had just completed the final revisions to his memoirs, which were published as a 2 volume set by Mark Twain. In 1928 W.E. Woodward authored "Meet General Grant," and in 1981 William S. McFreeley authored "Grant: A Biography." His tomb was placed in the largest mausoleum in the US on a bluff over the Hudson River. In 1998 Geoffrey Perret published the biography "Ulysses S. Grant: Soldier and President." In 2004 Mark Perry authored ~ez_ldquo~Grant and Twain.~ez_rdquo~ In 2006 Edward G. Longacre authored ~ez_ldquo~General Ulysses S. Grant: The Soldier and Man.~ez_rdquo~ In 2011 Charles Bracelen Flood authored ~ez_ldquo~Grant~ez_rsquo~s Final Victory: Ulysses S. Grant~ez_rsquo~s Heroic Last Year.~ez_rdquo~
    (SFC, 4/14/97, p.A7)(SFEC, 4/19/98, Par p.20)(AP, 7/23/98)(ON, p.11)(ON, 12/00, p.7)(WSJ, 5/14/04, p.W10)(WSJ, 8/5/06, p.P9)(SSFC, 12/4/11, p.F5)

1886        Nov 30, 1st commercially successful AC electric power plant opened in Buffalo.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1887        Frank Brownell, the maker of George Eastman~ez_rsquo~s roll holder, created for Eastman a simple box camera. Eastman named it ~ez_ldquo~Kodak~ez_rdquo~ and patented the name with the camera.
    (ON, 3/05, p.12)

1888        Apr 24, Eastman Kodak was formed. The company produced the Kodak Camera.
    (HN, 4/24/98)(WSJ, 1/22/04, p.A1)

1888        May 7, George Eastman patented his Kodak box camera.
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1889        The first commercial transparent roll film, perfected by George Eastman and his research chemist, was put on the market. This flexible film made possible the development of Thomas Edison's motion picture camera in 1891. A new corporation, The Eastman Company, was formed, taking over the assets of the Eastman Dry Plate and Film Company.
    (www.kodak.com/US/en/motion/about/chrono1.shtml)

1897        West Point military academy adopted the motto: "Duty, Honor, Country."
    (SFEC, 5/7/00, Par p.7)

1888        Feb 22, John Reid of Scotland demonstrated golf to Americans at Yonkers, NY. Reid converted his lawn to six hole for golf in Yonkers N.Y., the first golf course in the US.
    (SFEC, 7/18/99, Z1 p.8)(MC, 2/22/02)

1888        Apr 18, Roscoe Conkling (b.1829), former US Senator from New York (1867-1881), died. Conkling was the undisputed leader of Republicans in NY.
    (www.nndb.com/people/241/000050091/)

1888        Apr 24, Eastman Kodak was formed. The company produced the Kodak Camera.
    (HN, 4/24/98)(WSJ, 1/22/04, p.A1)

1890        Apr 11, Ellis Island was designated as an immigration station.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1890        Jul 13, John C. "Pathfinder" Fremont (76), US explorer, governor (Arizona, California), died. He was buried in obscurity in Sparkill, NY. Fremont (b.1830) was the 1st Republican presidential candidate in 1856. In 1999 David Roberts authored "A Newer World: Kit Carson, John C. Freemont and the Claiming of the American West." In 2002 Tom Chaffin authored ~ez_ldquo~Pathfinder: John Charles Fremont and the Course of American Empire.~ez_rdquo~ In 2007 Sally Denton authored ~ez_ldquo~Passion and Principle: John and Jessie Fremont, the Couple Whose Power, Politics and Love Shaped Nineteenth-Century America.~ez_rdquo~
    (WUD, 1994, p.567)(SFEC, 2/13/00, BR p.5)(SSFC, 12/22/02, p.M1)(SSFC, 7/1/07, p.M1)

1888        Jul, Harold P. Brown, on behalf of Thomas Edison, zapped dogs at Columbia College to demonstrate the supposed danger of alternating current, a mode of power favored by Edison~ez_rsquo~s rival George Westinghouse. The NY state legislature had recently designated electrocution as the official means for capital punishment.
    (SFEC, 3/22/98, p.A26)(ON, 10/04, p.7)

1890        Aug 6, Convicted murderer William Kemmler became the first person to be executed in the electric chair as he was put to death at Auburn State Prison in New York. He had been convicted  of murdering his lover, Matilda Ziegler, with an axe. In 2003 Jill Jonnes authored "Empires of Light," and account of how Edison, Tesla and Westinghouse brought electric power to public use.
    (AP, 8/6/97)(HN, 8/6/98)(MC, 8/6/02)(WSJ, 8/19/03, p.D5)

1890        Nov 29, The first Army-Navy football game was played, at West Point, New York. Navy defeated Army by a score of 24-to-nothing.
    (AP, 11/29/00)

1890        Frank and Charles Menches included a recipe for the first known chopped-beef sandwich called a "hamburger." They named it after the town of Hamburg, N.Y.
    (SFC, 6/6/98, p.E3)

1890        The Shepard Hardware Co. of Buffalo, NY, began manufacturing its Jonah and the Whale mechanical banks.
    (SFC, 1/11/06, p.G2)

1890s        The federal government purchase Plum Island, located off the tip of Long Island. It was used as a fort during both world wars. An Army project for conversion to a biological warfare lab was later halted and the island was turned over to the Agriculture Dept.
    (WSJ, 1/8/02, p.A8)

1891        William Merritt Chase opened the Shinnecock Summer School in the Hamptons to teach plein-art painting.
    (WSJ, 5/31/02, p.W12)

1892        Mar 15, New York State unveiled the new automatic ballot voting machine.
    (HN, 3/15/98)

1892        Mar 27, Ferde (Ferdinand Rudolf von) Grof, composer, was born in NY.
    (MC, 3/27/02)

1892        Apr 15, General Electric Co., formed by the merger of the Edison Electric Light Co. and other firms, was incorporated in New York State.
    (AP, 4/15/02)

1892        Sep 8, An early version of "The Pledge of Allegiance" appeared in "The Youth~ez_rsquo~s Companion," published in Boston and edited by Francis Bellamy, a Christian socialist, and cousin of writer Edward Bellamy. Frank E. Bellamy (1876-1915) of Cherryvale High School in Kansas had authored a 500-word patriotic essay which included the words of the Pledge of Allegiance and instructions on saluting the American Flag. His teacher entered the "Salute to the Flag" in a contest sponsored by the popular scholastic publication The Youth's Companion. His essay won first place in this national school contest.. [see Oct 12]
    (AP, 9/8/97)(SSFC, 6/30/02, p.A3)(www.leatherockhotel.com/FrankBellamy.htm)

1892        Oct 12, The American Pledge of Allegiance was 1st recited in public schools to commemorate Columbus Day. Francis Bellamy, a magazine editor of Rome, NY, wrote the "Pledge of Allegiance." [see Sep 8]
    (SFEC, 2/21/99, Z1 p.8)(Internet)

1892        Dec 20, Pneumatic automobile tire was patented in Syracuse, NY.
    (MC, 12/20/01)

1892        The Seneca Indians set up a treaty whereby non-Indian residents of Salamanca, a town built on the Seneca Nation of Indians' Allegany Reservation, paid rent to the Seneca.
    (SFC, 8/18/99, p.C14)

1894        Mar 8, NY passed the 1st state dog license law. [see Mar 10]
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1894        Mar 10, New York Gov. Roswell P. Flower signed the nation's first dog-licensing law. The license fee was $2, renewable annually for $1.
    (AP, 3/10/99)

1894        The National Guard Armory at Glen Falls, NY, was built. In 2009 it was put up for sale.
    (SSFC, 10/25/09, p.A20)

1894-1895    The Guaranty Building in Buffalo, designed by Louis Sullivan, was later considered America's most beautifully ornamented urban construction.
    (WSJ, 8/20/03, p.D12)

1895        Nov 5, George B. Selden of Rochester, N.Y., received the first U.S. patent for an "improved Road Engine."
    (AP, 11/5/07)

1895        The National Trust started in the Lake District to "hold places of national interest and natural beauty for the benefit of the nation."
    (SFCM, 3/17/02, p.18)

1895        William West Durant built the Sagamore Lodge in the Adirondacks as a summer camp for the Vanderbilts. His father had built the Adirondack railroad.
    (SFCM, 3/17/02, p.25)

1895        Bastian Brothers was founded in Rochester, NY, as a jewelry store. It later expanded to manufacture custom award pins, medals and similar items.
    (SFC, 5/21/08, p.G7)

1896        Dec 1, 1st certified public accountants received certificates in NY.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1896        Andrew Dickson White, scientist and the 1st president of Cornell Univ., authored "History of the Warfare of Science With Theology in Christendom." He argued that his fellow Protestants kept mankind in darkness and tried to prevent him from establishing Cornell as a secular Univ.
    (WSJ, 10/8/99, p.W15)

1897        Nov 15, The electricity plant at Niagara Falls opened sending AC power 26 miles to Buffalo, NY. It contained AC generators built by Westinghouse Electric and transformers built by General Electric under license from Westinghouse Electric.
    (ON, 10/04, p.8)

1897        In Le Roy, New York, Pearle Wait, a carpenter, and his wife May, made a concoction of gelatin and fruit flavor that they named Jell-O.
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, p.A2)

1897        The US Army began building Fort Michie on Great Gull Island to protect the eastern approaches to Long Island Sound.
    (NH, 10/02, p.12)

1897        The Ellis Island immigration center was destroyed by fire.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.T10)

1898-1900    Theodore Roosevelt served as governor of New York.
    (ON, 12/99, p.12)

1899        Alfred Mosher Butts (d.1993), the inventor of the Scrabble game, was born in Poughkeepsie, NY. The game was initially called Lexico and then Criss-Cross Words. It was named Scrabble in 1947. Sales took off in 1952.
    (WSJ, 6/28/01, p.B1)

1899        The New York State Historical Association was founded. It was based at the Fenimore Art Museum in Cooperstown, NY.
    (WSJ, 6/22/04, p.B8)

1899        In Le Roy, New York, Pearle Wait, a carpenter, and his wife May, sold their formula for Jell-O for $450 to neighbor Orator Frank Woodward.
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, p.A2)

1900        Frank Brownell, creator of Eastman~ez_rsquo~s Kodak camera, designed the Brownie camera.
    (ON, 3/05, p.12)

1901        Mar 1, At the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, NY, the electric current was turned on at the Agricultural building by Henry Rustin, chief of the Mechanical and Electricity Bureau, and the 4000 lamps on the exterior of the building blazed into radiant beauty. The Exposition, which opened informally on May 1, was held on a 342 acre site between Delaware Park Lake on the south, the New York Central railroad tracks on the north, Delaware Avenue on the east, and Elmwood Avenue on the west. The fair featured the latest technologies, including electricity and the baby incubator building, and attracted nearly 8 million people. A 400-foot electric tower was the centerpiece.
    (WSJ, 6/5/01, p.A23)(http://panam1901.bfn.org/thisday/marcharchives.html)

1901        Apr 25, New York became the first state to require automobile license plates; the fee was one dollar.
    (AP, 4/25/98)

1901        Sep 6, At the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, anarchist Leon Czolgosz (28) made his way along a reception line filing past President William McKinley. Concealed within a handkerchief, Czolgosz held a .32-caliber revolver. As he came face to face with the president, he fired two shots through the handkerchief, striking McKinley in the chest and the abdomen. McKinley died eight days after the shooting and became the third American president assassinated. He was succeeded by Vice President Theodore Roosevelt. Czolgosz, explaining that he "thought it would be a good thing for the country to kill the President," was put to death by electrocution 45 days later. Emma Goldman was one of the people blamed for the assassination.
    (AP, 9/6/97)(Hem, Dec. 94, p.70) (WSJ, 5/17/95, p.A-18) (WSJ, 12/11/95, p.A-1)(HNPD, 9/6/98)(HN, 9/6/98)

1901        Sep 14, President McKinley died in Buffalo, N.Y., of gunshot wounds inflicted by an assassin. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt was sworn in as the 26th President of the United States upon the death of William McKinley, who was shot eight days earlier.
    (AP, 9/14/97)(HN, 9/14/98)

1901        Oct 24, Anna Edson Taylor (d.1921), a 43-year-old widow, was the first woman to go safely over Niagara Falls in a barrel. She made the attempt for the cash award offered, which she put toward the loan on her Texas ranch. Taylor died in poverty.
    (AP, 10/24/97)(HN, 10/24/98)

1901        Oct 29, Leon Czolgosz was electrocuted for the assassination of President McKinley at Auburn Prison in NY state. Czolgosz, an anarchist, shot McKinley on September 6 during a public reception at the Temple of Music in Buffalo, N.Y. Despite early hopes of recovery, McKinley died September 14, in Buffalo.
    (AP, 10/29/97)(HN, 10/29/98)(ON, 4/00, p.5)(AH, 10/01, p.30)

1901        Nov 2, The Pan American Exposition, held in Buffalo New York, closed.  Though it attracted visitors from throughout the world, bad weather, and the unfortunate assassination of Pres. William McKinley in September, affected attendance.  The Exposition lost money.  The only structure still standing on the site is the Buffalo & Erie County Historical Society, formerly the New York State  Building.

1901        Sing Sing, home of Sing Sing prison, changed its name to Ossining.
    (WSJ, 3/29/02, p.A1)

1901        The Buffalo Pottery Co. was founded in Buffalo, NY., by the Larkin Soap Co. to make pottery used as premiums for customers who bought Larkin soap.
    (SFC, 1/10/07, p.G2)

1902        Mar 24, Thomas E. Dewey, New York governor, was born.
    (HN, 3/24/01)

1902        Aug 19, Ogden Nash (d.1971), American author and humorist, was born in Rye, NY. Vanity, vanity, all is vanity/ That's any fun at all for humanity. "Winter comes but once a year, And when it comes it brings the doctor good cheer."
    (WUD, 1994 p.951)(AP, 10/24/97)(AP, 12/21/98)(HN, 8/19/00)(MC, 8/19/02)

1902        In Buffalo, NY, the U.S. Hame Co. was formed as the result of a consolidation of two 19th century hame and saddlery manufacturers, the United Hame Co. of Buffalo, NY, and the Consolidated Hame Co. of Andover, New Hampshire. In 1917 it changed its name to USHCO and started making chassis for Ford and Chevrolet trucks.
    (www.coachbuilt.com/bui/u/us_body/us_body.htm)(SFC, 8/15/07, p.G7)

1903        Feb 22, The US side of Niagara Falls ran short of water due to drought.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1903        The Buffalo Pottery Company opened in Buffalo. It was established by the Larkin Co., a soap manufacturer, to make premiums for its customers.
    (SFC, 7/1/98, Z1 p.6)

1903        The Adirondack Fire in NY state burned some 637,000 acres.
    (SFC, 10/30/03, p.A15)

1904        May 18, Jacob K. Javits, US Senator-R-NY, was born.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1904        Sep 11, The battleship Connecticut, launched in New York, introduced a new era in naval construction.
    (HN, 9/11/98)

1904        Frank Lloyd Wright designed the Larkin Building in Buffalo, NY. It was demolished in 1950. His Darwin Martin house was built in this year for an official of the Larkin company.
    (WSJ, 8/20/03, p.D12)
1904        Glenn Curtiss, a motorcycle builder in Hammondsport, NY, began making gasoline-burning aircraft engines for dirigibles that San Francisco daredevil Thomas Scott Baldwin was building in California. Baldwin flew a 54-foot dirigible equipped with a motorcycle engine and is credited with for building the first successful American dirigible.
    (ON, 12/11, p.10)(SFC, 10/11/14, p.C2)

1905        Senior executives of Equitable Life Insurance attempted to displace James Hyde, son of founder Henry Hyde, from leadership. In 2003 Patricia Beard authored "After the Ball," an account of the affair.
    (WSJ, 8/1/03, p.W10)

1905        Charles Evans Hughes supervised a New York state investigation into the insurance industry.
    (WSJ, 8/1/03, p.W10)

1905        Alliance Furniture was founded in Jamestown, NY, by a group of 8 partners of Swedish heritage. The company manufactured high-quality dining-room furniture until at least the 1950s.
    (SFC, 6/18/08, p.G3)

1906        Mar 21, John D. Rockefeller III, billionaire philanthropist (oil), was born.
    (MC, 3/21/02)

1906        Nov 6, Republican Charles Evans Hughes was elected governor of New York, defeating newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst. In 1910 he was appointed to the US Supreme Court and served until 1916. In 1930 he was appointed as Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court and served until 1941.
    (AP, 11/6/99)(SFC, 10/6/05, p.A15)

1906        A typhus fever outbreak on Long Island was traced by George Soper, a sanitary engineer, to Mary Mallon, a cook and healthy carrier of salmonella typhi. Mallon (aka Typhoid Mary) was arrested and confined to North Brother Island.
    (ON, 7/01, p.11)

1906-1930    The Heintz Art Metal Shop of Buffalo, N.Y., owned by Otto L. and Edwin Heintz, made decorative wares over this period.
    (SFC, 4/1/98, Z1 p.7)

1907        Nov 14, William Steig, children author ("Shrek"), was born in New York.
    (AP, 11/14/07)

1907        The Kutscher brothers opened a country club in the Catskills called Kutscher's. Milton Kutscher (d.1998 at 82) built it up to a leading resort.
    (SFEC, 11/22/98, p.D10)

1907        William Walker founded the American Thermos Bottle Co. in Brooklyn, NY. In 1913 he moved his factory to Norwich.
    (SFC, 2/1/06, p.G6)

1908        Mar 4, The New York board of education banned the act of whipping students in school.
    (HN, 3/4/98)

1908        Mar 12, The Aerial Experiment Association (AEA) launched their new airplane, called Red Wing, from a frozen lake near Hammondsport, NY. Pilot F.W. Baldwin rose 20 feet and flew 319 feet before crashing. Newspapers hailed the test as the ~ez_ldquo~first public flight~ez_rdquo~ in the US.
    (ON, 12/11, p.10)

1908        Jul 4, Glenn Curtiss flew a new airplane, called the June Bug, at a competition sponsored by Scientific American, for the first heavier than air machine to fly one kilometer. The Aero Club sent 22 members to Hammondsport, NY, to view the event. Curtiss easily covered the distance, angering the Wright Brothers, who felt that their patent was being infringed.
    (ON, 12/11, p.11)

1908        Dec, The Aerial Experiment Association (AEA) took out patents on ailerons and in March 1809 the group disbanded.
    (ON, 12/11, p.11)

1909        Jul 17, Glenn Curtiss entered and won the Scientific American trophy for a 2nd year by flying a total of 25 km. in 12 circuits on Long Island. His Golden Flier was sponsored by the Aeronautic Society of New York.
    (ON, 12/11, p.11)

1909        Dec 9, The 1st US monoplane was flown by Henry W. Walden at Long Island, NY.
    (MC, 12/9/01)

1909        The US Supreme Court upheld the first criminal conviction in federal court of a company, the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad, for cutting prices. This established three principles: that a company need not have any evil intention to be guilty; that it is responsible for the action of its employees; and that it can be prosecuted as if it were a person.
    (Econ, 8/30/14, p.22)

1910        Feb 19, Mary Mallon (aka Typhoid Mary) was released from 4 years of quarantine on North Brother Island. In 1914 she caused a typhus outbreak in the Sloane Maternity Hospital. She was again arrested and returned to North Brother Island where she died Nov 11, 1938.
    (ON, 7/01, p.12)

1911        Sep 17, Cigar-smoking Calbraith Perry Rodgers (1879-1912) set off from Sheepshead Bay, New York, on the first flight across America. Rodgers, sponsored by the Vin Fiz grape drink company, flew the fragile Wright B biplane in pursuit of a $50,000 prize offered to the first person to make a transcontinental flight in 30 days or less. Rodgers failed to win the prize because his 4,321-mile flight took 84 days~ez_mdash~of which only 3 days, 10 hours and 4 minutes was actual flying time! His average speed was 51.56 miles per hour. By the time he landed at Long Beach, California, on November 5, Rodgers had made 70 crash landings, suffered numerous minor injuries and had rebuilt his Vin Fiz so completely that only one strut and the rudder were its original equipment.
    (HNPD, 9/18/98)(ON, 10/06, p.12)

1911        Oct 20, Will Rogers Jr, actor (Down to Earth), was born in NY.
    (MC, 10/20/01)

1911        New York authorized private wing-shooting preserves to hunt pheasants. Private preserves proliferated rapidly toward the end of the century.
    (WSJ, 2/1/99, p.A1)

1912        In Buffalo, NY, St. Gerard~ez_rsquo~s church was built by Italian immigrants and modeled after St. Paul Outside the Walls, a Renaissance-style basilica in Rome. it was closed in January 2008 as part of a diocese-wide restructuring. In 2010 a Roman Catholic parish in an affluent northern suburb of Atlanta began raising $16 million to import the closed church.
    (AP, 5/29/10)
1912         The New York Society for the Suppression of Vice, founded in 1873, prompted police to arrest 76 people. By 1920 detentions rose to 184.
    (Econ, 6/7/14, p.86)

1913        Mar 10, Harriet Tubman, abolitionist, conductor on Underground RR, died in NY. In 2004 Catherine Clinton authored "Harriet Tubman: The Road to Freedom" and Kate Clifford Larson authored "Bound for the Promised Land: Harriet Tubman, Portrait of an American Hero."
    (MC, 3/10/02)(SSFC, 2/1/04, p.M1)(USAT, 2/5/04, p.5D)

1913        May 14, New York Governor William Sulzer approved a state charter for the Rockefeller Foundation. John D. Rockefeller had given $100 million to the Rockefeller Foundation. This insulated a large part of Rockefeller's fortune from inheritance taxes. At this time Rockefeller~ez_rsquo~s net worth approached $900 million, about $13 billion in 1998 dollars.
    (WSJ, 5/8/98, p.W10)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.68)

1913        Sep 11, James Farley (39), known across the US as the most successful leader of strikebreakers, died in Plattsburg, NY.
    (SSFC, 8/4/13, DB p.42)(http://tinyurl.com/mscghsd)

1913        New York state passed ~ez_ldquo~the eight foot sheet law~ez_rdquo~ to ensure that the upper sheet in a hotel was of sufficient length to cover the face so ~ez_ldquo~that the inhalation by the occupant of bacteria &c, may be prevented.~ez_rdquo~
    (WSJ, 10/4/08, p.W8)

1914        Jun 19, Harry Lauter, actor (Waterfront), was born in White Plains, NY.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1915        Jul 16, Barnard Hughes, actor (Tron, Where's Poppa, Best Friends), was born in Bedford Hills, NY.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1916        Sep 11, The "Star Spangled Banner" was sung at the beginning of a baseball game for the first time in Cooperstown, New York.
    (HN, 9/11/00)

1917        Nov 6, NY allowed women to vote.
    (MC, 11/6/01)

1918        Oct 9, E Howard Hunt, involved in Watergate break-in, was born in Hamburg, NY.
    (MC, 10/9/01)

1918        Nov 4, Art Carney (d.2003), actor (Ed Norton-Honeymooners), was born in Mount Vernon, NY.
    (EntW, 12/03, p.96)

1918        Alfred E. Smith (1873-1944) was 1st elected governor of New York.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1944)(WUD, 1994 p.1345)(WSJ, 3/6/00, p.A20)

1919        Jan 6, The 26th president of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, died in Oyster Bay, N.Y., at age 60.
    (AP, 1/6/98)

1919        Jun 11, Sir Barton won the Belmont Stakes, becoming horse racing's first Triple Crown winner.
    (AP, 6/11/97)

1920        Jun 11, Robert Hutton, actor (Torture Garden, Rocket), was born in Kingston, NY.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1921        Feb 22, An air mail plane left San Francisco at 4:30 a.m., landing at New York (Hazelhurst Field, L. I., N. Y.) at 4:50 p.m. on February 23.
    (www.airmailpioneers.org/history/Sagahistory.htm)

1921        Nov 22, Rodney Dangerfield, [John Cohen], comedian (Caddyshack), was born in Babylon, NY.
    (MC, 11/22/01)

1921        The Martin Act was adopted in NY state under Gov. Al Smith in response to numerous security fraud scandals. It was named after legislator Francis J. Martin, who later became a state court judge. It provided a model for the 1934 federal statute that created the US Securities and Exchange Commission.
    (WSJ, 10/2/02, p.C1)

1921        Frederick E. Walrath (b.1871), master studio potter, died. Most of his work was done during the years he spent teaching at the Mechanics Institute of Technology (later named the Rochester Institute of Technology) in Rochester, NY, (1908-1918).
    (SFC, 11/15/06, p.G7)

1922        Feb 5, The Reader's Digest began publication in Pleasantville, New York. In 1939 it moved to Chappaqua, NY. In 2005 it published its 1,000th issue.
    (HN, 2/5/01)(SFC, 7/19/05, p.D6)

1922        Clarence Birdseye returned to New York state and began experimenting with packaging frozen food.
    (ON, 8/12, p.5)

1923        Feb 28, Charles Durning, actor (Fury, Sting, Tootsie), was born in Highland Falls, NY.
    (MC, 2/28/02)

1923        May 2, Lieutenants Okaley Kelly and John Macready took off from New York for the West Coast on what would become the first successful nonstop transcontinental flight.
    (HN, 5/2/02)

1923        Gov. Al Smith repealed the mechanism by which New York enforced Prohibition.
    (WSJ, 3/6/00, p.A20)

1924        Mar 10, The U.S. Supreme Court upheld a New York state law forbidding late-night work for women.
    (HN, 3/10/98)

1924        Oct 10, Edward D. Wood Jr, director (Plan 9 from Outer Space), was born in Poughkeepsie, NY.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1924        Dec 28, Rod Serling (d.1975), writer and host (Twilight Zone, Night Gallery), was born in Syracuse, NY. He was also the author of "Requiem for a Heavyweight." He was remembered in the PBS production titled: "Submitted for Your Approval," first broadcast on 11/29/95.
    (WSJ, 11/27/95, p.A-14)(MC, 12/28/01)

1924        John J. Rigas, founder of Adelphia Communications, was born in Wellsville, NY.
    (USAT, 7/9/04, p.3B)

1924        The Hearst Corp. acquired the Albany Times Union.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1925        Apr 14, Rod Steiger, film actor (Illustrated Man, Pawnbroker), was born in West Hampton, NY.
    (SFC, 7/10/02, p.A6)(MC, 4/14/02)

1925        Apr 19, Hugh O'Brian, [Krampke], actor (Wyatt Earp), was born in Rochester, NY.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1925        Oct 3, Gore Vidal, writer (Myra Breckinridge, Lincoln, DC, Burr), was born in West Point, NY. He was named Eugen Luther Gore Vidal. His first book at age 20 was titled "Williwaw." A memoir of his 1st 39 years was titled "Palimpsest." In 1999 some collected essays were published under the title "Sexually Speaking: Collected Sex Writings." In 1993 a collection of essays was titled "United States: 1952-1992".
    (SFEC, 11/7/99, BR p.5)(HN, 10/3/00)

1925        Oct 20, Art Buchwald, humorist, was born in Mt. Vernon, NY.
    (HN, 10/20/00)(MC, 10/20/01)

1925        Nov 17, Charles Mackerras, Australian conductor, was born in Schenectady, NY.
    (MC, 11/17/01)

c1925-1929    Ashbel Barney, NY investor, purchased the Chateau des Thons near Dijon, France. He had it taken apart and shipped it to Long Island where it was rebuilt.
    (WSJ, 12/8/00, p.W16)

1927        May 20, Charles Lindbergh (25) took off from Roosevelt Field in Long Island, NY, at 7:40 AM aboard the Spirit of St. Louis on his historic solo flight to France. The Minnesota native had decided to compete for a $25,000 prize, offered in 1919 by Raymond Orteig, NY hotel owner, to the first pilot to complete the feat. The Spirit of St. Louis, was capable of flying 4,000 miles on 425 gallons of fuel. His greatest problems on the 33-hour, 30-minute flight were staying awake and keeping ice from forming on the airplane~ez_rsquo~s wings.
    (AP, 5/20/97)(HN, 5/20/98)(HNPD, 5/21/00)(USAW, 5/19/02, p.26)(ON, 2/08, p.1)

1927        Jun 27, Robert Casey, actor (Henry-Aldrich Family Show), was born in Rochester, NY.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1927        Aug 12, Ralph Waite, actor (John-Waltons, Roots), was born in White Plains, NY.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1928        Jan 12, Ruth Snyder (b.1895) became the first woman to die in the electric chair. She was electrocuted by ~ez_ldquo~state electrician~ez_rdquo~ Robert G. Elliott at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York, along with Judd Gray, her lover and co-conspirator, for the murder of her husband, Albert on March 20, 1927. This was billed in the press as ~ez_ldquo~The Dumb-Bell Murder.~ez_rdquo~
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruth_Snyder)

1928        Feb 8, 1st transatlantic TV image was received at Hartsdale, NY.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1928        Mar 19, Patrick McGoohan, actor (#6-Prisoner, Secret Agent), was born in Astoria, NY.
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1928        Jul 30, George Eastman showed the 1st color motion pictures in the US. [see Jun 4, 1929]
    (MC, 7/30/02)

1928        The 1st Saks Fifth Avenue branch outside NYC opened in Southampton.
    (SSFC, 7/18/04, p.M2)

1929        Feb 19, A medical diathermy machine was 1st used in Schenectady, NY.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1929        Jun 4, George Eastman demonstrated 1st Technicolor movie in Rochester, NY.
    (MC, 6/4/02)

1929        Nov 20, Kenneth DeWitt Schermerhorn, conductor, was born in Schenectady, NY.
    (MC, 11/20/01)

1929        Dec 1, Dick Shawn, actor (Producers, Maid to Order, Angel), was born in Buffalo, NY.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1930        Nov 4, New York reelected Gov. Franklin Delano Roosevelt by a landslide.
    (ON, 12/07, p.2)(www.presidentialtimeline.org/html/timeline.php?id=32)

1930        Herman G. Fisher (1898-1975) and Irving L. Price co-founded the Fisher-Price toy company in East Aurora, NY. Quaker Oats Company acquired the firm in 1969. Mattel Inc. acquired Fisher-Price in 1993.
    (www.hbs.edu/leadership/database/leaders/274/)(WSJ, 12/21/05, p.A8)

1930s        The McKee Glass Co. made Bottoms-Up glasses. The cocktail glasses could not stand up and were designed to be held until emptied. The idea was copied from pottery glasses of White Cloud Farms of Rock Tavern, N.Y.
    (SFC, 1/28/98, Z1 p.3)

1931        Jan 13, The Bridge connecting New York and New Jersey was named the George Washington Memorial Bridge.
    (HN, 1/13/99)

1931        May 25, John Gabriel, actor (Cat Gang, Fantasies), was born in Niagara Falls, NY.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1931        Oct 25, The George Washington Bridge, linking New York City and New Jersey, was completed at a cost of $59 million and 12 lives. The US Post Office featured a commemorative stamp. It was described as the most beautiful bridge in the world.
    (http://www.nycroads.com/crossings/george-washington/)(SFC, 9/3/98, p.A19)

1931        Castro Convertible Corp. began operating in New York as a maker of convertible sofa beds. It was sold to Krause~ez_rsquo~s Furniture in 1993. Krause closed in 2002.
    (SFC, 11/19/08, p.G6)

1932        Jan 23, New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 1/23/98)

1932        Feb 4, New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt opened the Winter Olympic Games at Lake Placid, N.Y.
    (AP, 2/4/97)(HN, 2/4/99)

1932        Mar 31, 150 wild swans died in Niagara waterfall.
    (MC, 3/31/02)

1932        Mar 14, George Eastman (77), founder of Eastman Kodak, committed suicide. ~ez_ldquo~To my friends. My work is done, why wait?~ez_rdquo~
    (ON, 3/05, p.12)(http://tinyurl.com/5fjeq)

1932        Jul 1, New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for president at the Democratic convention in Chicago.
    (AP, 7/1/07)

1932        Jul 2, New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt won the nomination for president on the 4th ballot at the Democratic convention in Chicago.
    (ON, 12/07, p.3)

1932        Nov 8, New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated incumbent Herbert Hoover for the presidency.
    (AP, 11/8/97)

1933        Jun 11, Jud Strunk, singer, comedian (Laugh-In), was born in Jamestown, NY.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1933        Jul 10, 1st police radio system began operations at Eastchester Township, NY.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1933        Camp Wonundra, later known as The Point, was built on Upper Saranac Lake in the Adirondacks for William Avery Rockefeller.
    (SFCM, 3/17/02, p.27)

1934        Jul 1, The 1st x-ray photo of entire body was made in Rochester, NY.
    (MC, 7/1/02)

1934        Dec 14, 1st streamlined steam locomotive was introduced in Albany, NY.
    (MC, 12/14/01)

1934        Cassius Marcellus Coolidge (89), artist, died on Staten Island. His work included "A Friend in Need," commonly known as "Dogs Playing Poker."
    (SFC, 6/17/02, p.D5)

1935        Jan 9, Bob Denver, actor (Dobie Gillis, Gilligan's Island), was born in New Rochelle, NY.
    (MC, 1/9/02)

1935        Mar 22, Michael Emmet Walsh, actor (Wildcats, War Party), was born in Ogdensburg, NY.
    (MC, 3/22/02)
1935        Mar 22, Blood tests were authorized as evidence in court cases in NY.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1935        Apr 1, The first radio tube to be made of metal was announced in Schenectady, NY.
    (OTD)

1935        The name "Triple Crown Winner" was coined by writer Charlie Hatton after the 3-year-old Omaha won the Kentucky Derby, the NY Belmont Stakes and the Maryland Preakness.
    (SFC, 5/20/00, p.E3)

1935        Scientists at Cornell Univ. reported that restricting calories had an antiaging effect in rodents.
    (WSJ, 10/30/06, p.A11)

1936        Jan 29, The first members of baseball's Hall of Fame: Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson & Walter Johnson were named in Cooperstown, N.Y.
    (AP, 1/29/98)(http://tinyurl.com/33ko5fd)

1937        Sep 1, Ron O'Neal, actor (Superfly), was born in Utica, NY.
    (SC, 9/1/02)

1937        Sep 27, The 1st Santa Claus Training School opened in Albion, NY.
    (MC, 9/27/01)

1937        Air service was launched between La Guardia and East Hampton, NY.
    (SSFC, 7/18/04, p.M2)

1938        Mar 18, NY 1st required serological blood tests of pregnant women.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1938        Apr 10, NY made syphilis testing mandatory for a marriage license.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1938        Apr, Louis J. Caldor, NYC engineer and art collector, began purchasing the art work of Anna Mary Moses (77), a widow living in Eagle Bridge, NY.
    (ON, 8/20/11, p.11)

1938        Sep 1, George Maharis, actor (Buz-Route 66, Most Deadly Game), was born in Astoria, NY.
    (SC, 9/1/02)

1938        Sep 21, A Category 3 hurricane struck parts of New York and New England, causing widespread damage and claiming up to 800 lives. Winds hit 183 MPH in New England. The storm hit Long Island and Connecticut and caused $308 million in damage.
    (AP, 9/21/97)(WSJ, 5/31/06, p.B1)(Econ, 11/3/12, p.27)

1938        Dec 29, Jon Voight, actor (Deliverance, Midnight Cowboy), was born in Yonkers, NY.
    (MC, 12/29/01)

1938        King's College was founded in Tuxedo, NY. It went bankrupt in the 1990s and was bought by the Campus Crusade for Christ. It reopened in the Empire State Building in 1999.
    (WSJ, 7/5/02, p.W11)

1939        Jun 12, The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum was dedicated in Cooperstown, NY, on the 100th anniversary of the day Abner Doubleday supposedly invented the sport.
    (http://baseballhall.org/museum/experience/history)(AP, 6/12/97)

1939        Jun 28, Pan American Airways began regular trans-Atlantic passenger air service as the "Dixie Clipper" left Port Washington, N.Y., for Portugal.
    (AP, 6/28/99)(NPub, 2002, p.13)

1941        Jun 7, Whirlaway won the Belmont Stakes & the triple crown.
    (SC, 6/7/02)

1941        Nov 30, 101 year old Nyack-Tarrytown (NY) ferry makes it's last run.
    (MC, 11/30/01)

1942        Mar 2, Lou Reed [Louis Firbank], vocalist, guitarist (Walk on the Wild Side, Velvet Underground), was born in Freeport, NY.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1942        Mar 7, Michael Eisner, CEO (Walt Disney), was born in Mt. Kisko, NY.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1942        Jun 13, Four men landed on a Long Island beach from a German submarine with plans to sabotage NYC's water system and industrial sites across the Northeastern US. [see Jun 27]
    (SFC, 11/30/01, p.A1)

1942        Jun 27, The FBI announced the capture of eight Nazi saboteurs who had been put ashore from 2 submarines, one off New York~ez_rsquo~s Long Island and the other off of Florida. The men were tried by a military court and 6 were secretly executed in a DC jail. Ernest Burger and George Dasch were sentenced to 30 years in prison for their help in revealing the plot. They were pardoned in 1948 by Pres. Truman.
    (AP, 6/27/97)(SFC, 11/30/01, p.A18)

1943        Dec 23, The 1st telecast of a complete opera (Hansel & Gretel) was made from Schenectady, NY.
    (MC, 12/23/01)

1943-1955    Thomas E. Dewey (d.1971), born in Owosso, Mich., in 1902, served as governor of New York. He also was a two-time Republican presidential nominee,.
    (HN, 3/24/01)(AP, 3/24/02)(AH, 12/02, p.4)

1944        Mar 4, Louis Buchalter, aka Lepke, was executed at Sing Sing along with Mendy Weiss. Lepke and fellow gangsters had dispatched Weiss in 1935 to kill Dutch Schultz, who had planned to kill NYC prosecutor Thomas E. Dewey.
    (AH, 12/02, p.4)

1944        A 5.8 earthquake was centered in Massena, 3 miles from the Canadian border.
    (SSFC, 4/21/02, p.A2)

1944        Al Smith (b.1873), former 4-term governor of New York, died. In 2001 Robert A. Slayton authored "Empire Statesman," a biography of Alfred E. Smith.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1944)(WUD, 1994 p.1345)(WSJ, 3/6/00, p.A20)

1945        Jan 6, George Herbert Walker Bush married Barbara Pierce in Rye, N.Y.
    (AP, 1/6/98)

1945        Mar 12, NY became the 1st state to prohibit discrimination by race and creed in employment.
    (MC, 3/12/02)

1945        Jul 1, New York established the New York State Commission Against Discrimination to prevent discrimination in employment because of race, creed or natural origin; it was the first such agency in the United States.
    (HN, 7/1/98)

1945        Jackson Pollock (d.1956) and Lee Krasner (d.1984) purchased a property in East Hampton, NY, with a loan from Peggy Guggenheim. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1994. (www.pkhouse.org)
    (Brochure, 2002)

1945        Constellation Brands of Fairport, NY, began as Canandaigua Industries, a bulk-wine business in the Finger Lakes region of upstate NY.
    (WSJ, 1/16/04, p.A7)

1946        Apr 25, Talia Shire, actress (Adrienne-Rocky, Godfather), was born in Lake Success, NY.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1946-1977    PCBs were released into the Hudson River by 2 General Electric plants and were buried in sediment along 197 miles that was later declared a Superfund site. The EPA expected GE to dredge some 35 miles at a cost of some $1 billion. GE fought the cleanup law and was also involved in Superfund sites at Hoboken NJ and Milford NH. Cleanup of the Hudson River began in 2009 at an estimated cost of $750 million, to be paid by GE. The sludge was scheduled to be buried in West Texas.
    (SFC, 11/29/00, p.A10)(SFC, 5/16/09, p.A5)(SFC, 6/22/09, p.A9)

1947        Jan, Chester Carlson, patent attorney and kitchen inventor, signed a licensing agreement with Haloid Corp. of Rochester, NY, to develop a copy machine. This marked the beginning of Xerox~ez_rsquo~s copy business. 12 years later, the company launched a practical dry copier. Entrepreneur Joe Wilson propelled Xerox to success. In 2006 Charles D. Ellis authored Joe Wilson and the Creation of Xerox.~ez_rdquo~
    (WSJ, 8/17/95, p.C-1)(ON, 11/04, p.8)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.86)

1947        Mar 14, Billy Crystal, comedian (Soap, SNL, City Slickers), was born in Long Beach, NY.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1948        Jun 19, The first women's rights convention convened in Seneca Falls, New York. Organized by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, the two-day convention discussed such topics as voting, property rights and divorce. It launched the women's suffrage movement. The convention issued a "Declaration of Sentiments" based on the Declaration of Independence. "The ideal newspaper woman has the keen zest for life of a child, the cool courage of a man and the subtlety of a woman."    
    (AP, 7/19/97)(DT internet 6/19/97)(SFEC, 7/20/97, Par p.8) (HN, 6/19/98)(SFEM, 6/28/98, p.30)

1948        Jul 1, New York International Airport at Idlewild, later renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport, was officially opened.
    (AP, 7/1/98)

1948        Oct 2, In New York the 1st Grand Prix at Watkins Glen was held. Cameron Argetsinger (1921-2008) was the main driving force behind the race which was won by Frank Griswold. Formula racing continued there until bankruptcy in 1981. Two year later Corning Glass Works revived the Watkins Glen race course in partnership with Int~ez_rsquo~l. Speedway Corp.
    (WSJ, 4/26/08, p.A6)(www.nascar.com/races/tracks/wgi/index.html)

1948        The Green Chimneys Farm and School was founded as a refuge for youngsters, mainly boys, who came from troubled families. In 1998 a film documentary was made of 3 boys at the residential treatment center whose aim was to return children to their homes.
    (WSJ, 5/14/98, p.A20)

1949        Apr 21, Patti LuPone, actress, singer (Evita, Life Goes On), was born in Northport, NY.
    (MC, 4/21/02)

1949        Aug 28, A riot prevented Paul Robeson from singing near Peekskill, NY. A fundraising concert for the widows and orphans of the Spanish Civil War turned into the Peeksill riots. Helen Krimont Seitz (d.2001 at 90), a pioneer of modern day care, helped organize the concert.
    (SFC, 3/8/01, p.C4)(MC, 8/28/01)

1949        The US government ceded Great Gull Island in Long Island Sound to the American Museum of Natural History.
    (NH, 10/02, p.12)

1949        William Scandling, Will Laughlin and Harry Anderson founded Saga Corp., a food services operation, in Geneva, NY. It was named after Kanadasaga, an Indian village that preceded Geneva. In 1986 Marriot Corp. bought out the company.
    (SSFC, 9/11/05, p.A25)

1950        Feb 17, In New York 31 people died in a train crash at Long Island~ez_rsquo~s Rockville Center.
    (www.emergency-management.net/pass_train.htm)

1950        Nov 22, In New York 78 died in a train crash in Richmond Hills (later Kew Gardens), NY.
    (www.oldkewgardens.com/ss-lirr/lirr-0650-OL.html)

1950        The population of Buffalo, NY, was around 580,000. By 2006 it dropped to 280,000. In 2006 Diana Dillaway authored ~ez_ldquo~Power Failure,~ez_rdquo~ a look at Buffalo~ez_rsquo~s decline.
    (WSJ, 6/30/06, p.W4)(Econ, 12/23/06, p.42)

1951        Aug 3, Frank Pace, Jr., Secretary of the Army, announced that 90 cadets of the United States Military Academy at West Point, NY, were to be expelled for cheating during examinations. Many of them were on the football team. In 1996 James Blackwell authored ~ez_ldquo~On Brave Old Army Team: Cheating Scandal That Rocked the Country - West Point, 1951.~ez_rdquo~
    (www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/print.php?pid=13874)(http://tinyurl.com/yfw7u3)

1952        May 2, Christine Baranski, actress (Maryann-Cybill, Birdcage, Sweeney Todd), was born in Buffalo, NY.
    (MC, 5/2/02)

1952        Aug 27, Paul Reubens (Pee-wee Herman), actor (Pee-wee's Big Adventure), was born in Peekskill, NY.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1952        Dec 29, The 1st transistorized hearing aid was offered for sale at Elmsford, NY.
    (MC, 12/29/01)

1953        Mar 18, Margaret L. Augustine, project manager for Biosphere 2, was born in Buffalo, NY.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1953        Jun 19, Julius (b.5/12/1918) and Ethel Rosenberg (b.9/28/1915), convicted of passing U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviet Union during World War II, were executed at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York. The Supreme Court had vacated a stay granted by Justice William O. Douglas and President Eisenhower refused to intervene, despite a massive worldwide campaign to free them. In 1983 Ronald Radosh and Joyce Milton authored ~ez_ldquo~The Rosenberg File.~ez_rdquo~ In 2001 Sam Roberts authored ~ez_ldquo~The Brother,~ez_rdquo~ an account of David Greenglass, the younger brother of Ethel Rosenberg and star witness against her and Julius. In 2008 Morton Sobell (91), a former Soviet spy who had spent nearly 20 years in Alcatraz, fingered Julius Rosenberg as a fellow Soviet spy, but not Ethel.
    (TL, 1988, p.114)(BEP, 1994)(WSJ, 10/1/01, p.A22)(WSJ, 9/25/08, p.A19)

1954        Jan 12, Howard Stern, "Radio's Bad Boy," was born in Roosevelt, NY.
    (MC, 1/12/02)

1954        The Plum Island Animal Disease Center opened off of New York~ez_rsquo~s Long Island. Congress voted to close it in 2009.
    (SFC, 8/27/13, p.A8)
1954        Margaret Vanderbilt donated Sagamore Lodge (1895) to Syracuse Univ. as a conference center.
    (SFCM, 3/17/02, p.24)
1954        Dr. George Moore and colleagues at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute at Buffalo, NY, published a pioneering study of male patients with cancer of the mouth showing that a majority of them had been tobacco chewers for significant periods of time.
    (SFC, 6/16/08, p.B3)

1955        New York Gov. Averell Harriman signed legislation that prohibited the distribution of lurid comics, banned their sale to people under the age of 18 and banned such words as ~ez_ldquo~crime,~ez_rdquo~ ~ez_ldquo~terror,~ez_rdquo~ ~ez_ldquo~horror,~ez_rdquo~ and ~ez_ldquo~sex~ez_rdquo~ from comic book titles. In 2008 David Hajdu authored ~ez_ldquo~The Ten-Cent Plague: The Great Comic Book Scare and How it Changed America.~ez_rdquo~
    (WSJ, 3/14/08, p.W2)   

1956        Jan 3,  Mel Gibson, Academy Award-winning director and actor, was born in Peekskill, New York. His films included Braveheart (1995) actor and director; Maverick, The Man Without a Face, Lethal Weapon series, Forever Young, Hamlet, Bird on a Wire, Tequila Sunrise, Mad Max series, Mrs. Soffel, The Road Warrior, The Year of Living Dangerously, Summer City.
    (http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000154/)

1956        Aug 11, Abstract artist Jackson Pollock (b.1912) died in an automobile accident in East Hampton, N.Y. He was born in Wyoming and became a leader of the abstract expressionist school of art.
    (AHD, 1971, p.1015)(AP, 8/11/97)

1957        Charles and Margaret Dyson founded the Dyson Foundation to improve the lives of children in the Mid-Hudson Valley.
    (SFC, 9/25/00, p.B2)

1957        Martin Stone (d.1998 at 83) founded WVIP Radio in Mount Kisco. He produced "Howdy Doody" at NBC in the late 40s and early 50s and "Author Meets the Critics."
    (SFC, 6/19/98, p.B6)

1958        Haloid Corp. changed its name to Haloid-Xerox and produced a prototype of the 914 copy machine.
    (ON, 11/04, p.8)

1959        Jun 10, Eliot Spitzer, later NY state governor (2007), was born in the Bronx. In 2008 he faced the end of his political career amidst a sex scandal.
    (WSJ, 3/11/08, p.A18)

1959        The West End Brewing Co., producers of Utica Club Beer, began running TV commercials in the Northeast US. The ad campaign included the Schultz and Dooley ceramic mugs based on the ad characters.
    (SFC, 2/1/06, p.G6)

1960        Mar, The Xerox model 914 plain-paper copier made its debut. It was invented by Chester Carlson and had been nursed along by Batelle research institute of Ohio and Haloid, a NY manufacturer of photographic paper. In 1961 Haloid became Xerox.
    (WSJ, 8/6/04, p.W8)(ON, 11/04, p.8)

1960        Jul 9, Roger Woodward (7) and his sister, Deanne Woodward (17), were rescued from the Niagara River after being tossed from family friend James Honeycutt's 12-foot aluminum boat. New Jersey tourists John Hayes and John Quattrochi pulled Deanne Woodward to shore just before the brink. Honeycutt was swept with Roger Woodward over the Horseshoe Falls and died. Roger survived the 162-foot plunge.
    (AP, 7/16/10)

1960        Edmund Wilson and Joseph Mitchell authored ~ez_ldquo~Apologies to the Iroquois.~ez_rdquo~ It memorialized the seizure by Robert Moses, the unelected head of the New York Power Authority, of 600 acres by eminent domain for a power reservoir near Niagara Falls.
    (www.nyslittree.org/index.cfm/fuseaction/DB.PersonDetail/PersonPK/500.cfm)

1961        Feb 10, Niagara Falls hydroelectric project began producing power.
    (MC, 2/10/02)

1961        Dec 13, Anna Mary Robertson Moses (b.1860), US painter and folk artist known as Grandma Moses, died in Hoosick Falls, New York.
    (SFC, 3/26/97, z1 p.7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grandma_Moses)

1962        Jun 25, The Supreme Court ruled that the use of an unofficial, nondenominational prayer in New York public schools was unconstitutional.
    (AP, 6/25/97)

1963        Mar 18, Vanessa L. Williams, 1st black Miss America (1983), singer, was born in Millwood, NY.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1964        Jul 18, Riots erupted in the African American communities of NYC and Rochester, NY.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F5)

1964        Jul 24-27, A race riot took place in Rochester, New York, and 4 people were killed.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1964        Jul 25, There was a race riot in Rochester, NY.
    (SC, 7/25/02)

1964        Oct 20, Herbert Hoover (b.1874), the 31st president of the United States (1929-1933),  died in New York at age 90.
    (AP, 10/20/97)(AH, 12/02, p.20)

1964        Nov 3, Robert Kennedy was elected senator from New York.
    (HN, 11/3/98)

1964        Nov 21, New York's Verrazano Narrows Bridge opened. It was the world's longest suspension bridge at the time. It was designed by Swiss émigré Othmar Ammann.
    (AP, 11/21/97)(MC, 11/21/01)(WSJ, 6/5/03, p.D8)

1964-1971    Howard Boatwright (d.1999 at 80) served as the dean of the music school at Syracuse Univ. His compositions included String Quartet No. 2 (1975).
    (SFC, 2/25/99, p.C2)

1965        Feb 13, James Mitchell (23), amateur explorer, died inside Schroeder~ez_rsquo~s Pants Cave in Dolgeville, NY. His remains were recovered in 2006.
    (SSFC, 6/25/06, p.A13)

1965        Apr 13, Lawrence Wallace Bradford Jr. (16) was appointed by New York Republican Jacob Javits to be the first black page of the US Senate.
    (AP, 4/13/02)

1965        Apr 21, New York World's Fair reopened for a 2nd and final season.
    (MC, 4/21/02)

1965        In western New York the Kinzua Dam on the Allegheny River opened. Construction of the dam forced the departure of Pennsylvania's last Native Americans, the Senecas, who now live near Salamanca, New York, on the northern shores of land flooded by the dam.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kinzua_Dam)

1966        Jan 1, A 12 day transit worker strike shut down NYC subway and buses. The strike became a major rallying point behind the Taylor Law, which severely curtailed the ability of public employees in the state to strike and took effect on Sep 1, 1967.
    (SSFC, 10/20/12, p.E2)

1966        Jul 29, Bob Dylan was hurt in motorcycle accident near Woodstock, NY.
    (MC, 7/29/02)

1967        Jun 12, The US Supreme Court in Berger v. New York invalidated a New York law under the Fourth Amendment, because the statute authorized electronic eavesdropping without required procedural safeguards.
    (Econ, 7/21/12, p.23)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berger_v._New_York)

1967        Jun 27, There was a race riot in Buffalo, NY, and 200 were arrested.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buffalo_riot_of_1967)

1967        Jun 28, Fourteen people were shot in race riots in Buffalo, New York.
    (HN, 6/28/98)

1967        Jul 17, John Coltrane (b.1926), jazz composer-musician died in Huntington, N.Y. He gained attention through recordings as part of Miles Davis~ez_rsquo~ quintet in the 50s. By 1960, following critical acclaim, Coltrane was leading his own quartet that eventually dissolved in 1965. He worked with various musicians for the next two years until succumbing to liver cancer in 1967. Coltrane~ez_rsquo~s style, developed over the years from influences ranging from Miles Davis~ez_rsquo~ forms of modal improvisation to Eastern musical theory, has influenced and been imitated by numerous jazz musicians since. His album~ez_rsquo~s included "Kulu Se Mama" written by Juno Lewis (d.2002). In 2002 Ashley Kahn authored "A Love Supreme: The Story of John Coltrane~ez_rsquo~s Signature Album.~ez_rdquo~ In 2007 Ben Ratliff authored ~ez_ldquo~Coltrane: The Story of Sound.~ez_rdquo~
    (SFC, 4/23/02, p.A18)(SSFC, 12/8/02, p.M5)(AP, 7/17/07)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.104)

1967        Sep 1, New York state~ez_rsquo~s Taylor Law went into effect. It severely curtailed the ability of public employees in the state to strike.
    (SSFC, 10/20/13, p.E2)

1967        Sep 29, Author Carson McCullers (b.1917) died in Nyack, N.Y., at age 50. Her first novel ~ez_ldquo~The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter~ez_rdquo~ explores the spiritual isolation of misfits and outcasts of the US South. Her short story ~ez_ldquo~The Ballad of the Sad Café~ez_rdquo~ (1951) was turned into a play by Edward Albee and was made into a film (1991) of the same name with Vanessa Redgrave.
    (AP, 9/29/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carson_McCullers)

1967        Charles Burchfield, artist, died at 73. He spent most of his time on the outskirts of Buffalo. His work included the watercolor "New Moon in January" (1918) and "Wind Blown Asters" (1951).
    (WSJ, 6/20/97, p.A16)

1967-1997    The New Rochelle Mall opened with about 100 stores. It was demolished to make way for the $170 million, 450,000-sq-foot New Rochelle Center scheduled to open in Fall, 2000.
    (WSJ, 9/3/98, p.B8)

1968        Nov 5, Shirley Chisholm of Brooklyn, New York, was the first black woman elected to serve in the House of Representatives.
    (HN, 11/5/98)

1968        The Everson Museum in Syracuse moved into a new poured-concrete structure designed by I.M. Pei.
    (WSJ, 6/20/97, p.A16)

1969        Apr 19, In Ithaca N.Y. some 80 armed, militant black students at Cornell Univ. took over Willard Straight Hall. They demanded a black studies program and cut a deal with frightened administrators for total amnesty. In 1999 Donald Alexander Downs described the events in his book: "Cornell '69."
    (WSJ, 5/20/99, p.A18)

1969        Aug 15, The Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened in upstate New York. 400,000 young people gathered at Max Yasgur's dairy farm in the Bethel hamlet of White Lake, N.Y. for the Woodstock music festival. Wavy Gravy (Hugh Romney) and companions from the Hog Farm Commune handled security and ran a free kitchen and "bad trips tent." The performers included Joan Baez; Crosby, Stills and Nash; Creedence Clearwater; the Grateful Dead; Jimi Hendrix; the Jefferson Airplane; Janis Joplin; Canned Heat and Ravi Shankar.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1969)(SFC,5/17/96,p.E-1)(WSJ,10/22/96,p.A20)(SFEC,1/26/97, p.A14)(AP, 8/15/97)(SFC,10/27/97, p.C2)(SFC, 2/3/99, p.E1)

1969        Aug 18, Two concert goers died at the Woodstock Music and Art Fair in Bethel, New York, one from an overdose of heroin, the other from a burst appendix. The Woodstock Music and Art Fair ended in Sullivan County, NY, with a mid-morning set performed by Jimi Hendrix. 
    (HN, 8/18/99)(AP, 8/18/07)

1969        Fish and wildlife officials in New York and Vermont banned fish shooting. In 1970 the Vermont Legislature re-instated the sport.
    (SFC, 5/11/04, p.A2)

1970        Jan 7, Woodstock, NY, farmers sued Max Yasgur (1919-1973) for $35,000 for damages caused by the "Woodstock" rock festival.
    (www.woodstockpreservation.org/pastpresent/maxtribute.html)

1970        The C.W. Post College Dome Auditorium was built at Long Island Univ. in Brookville. It collapsed under snow and ice in 1978.
    (WSJ, 10/10/01, p.B1)

1971        May 25, Justin Henry Rye, actor (Kramer vs. Kramer, 16 Candles), was born in Rye, NY.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justin_Henry)

1971        Sep 9-1971 Sep 13, Some 1,000 prisoners seized control of the maximum-security Attica Correctional Facility near Buffalo, NY, in a siege that claimed 43 lives. In 2000 a federal judge ordered an $8 million settlement to some 400 inmates to settle a prisoner class action suit. $4 million was for lawyers.
    (SFC, 1/5/00, p.A3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attica_Prison_riots)(AP, 9/9/08)

1971        Sep 13, State troopers and prison guards stormed Attica Correctional Facility in New York. The four-day inmates' rebellion over poor living conditions claimed 43 lives, including 11 guards and 32 prisoners. Inmate Frank Smith (d.2004) was beaten tortured and abused by guards. In 1997 a federal jury awarded him $4 million. Another 1,280 inmates sought $2.8 billion in damages against the state. In 2000 a federal court described the guards' reaction as an "orgy of brutality" and ordered the state to pay $8 million to inmates who were tortured after the uprising.
    (SFC, 6/6/97, p.A3)(AP, 9/13/97)(SFC, 2/16/00, p.A5)(SFC, 8/3/04, p.B6)

1971        Sep 9-13, In Attica, New York, prisoners took 33 hostages. When police attacked on orders by Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller, 42 [43] were killed including 9 hostages. In 2000 a federal judge ordered an $8 million settlement to some 400 inmates to settle a prisoner class action suit. $4 million was for lawyers.
    (WUD, 1994, p. 1688)(SFC, 6/6/97, p.A3)(SFC, 1/5/00, p.A3)

1972        Feb 14 Bill Torrey (38), an executive vice president with the Oakland Seals, was named the 1st General Manager of the Islanders, a Long Island hockey team.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4hfu8o)

1972        Apr 4, Adam Clayton Powell Jr. (b.1908), American politician, died in Florida. He was elected to the US House of Representatives from Harlem in 1945 and became chair of the Education and Labor Committee in 1961. He was the first black Congressman from New York.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adam_Clayton_Powell_Jr.)

1972        Dec 24, Charles Atlas (b.1892), Italian-born body builder, died in Long Beach, NY. Atlas was born as Angelo Siciliano in Acri, Italy, and moved to the US in 1905.
    (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0397860/)

1973        Feb 8, Max Yasgur (53), owner Woodstock festival farmland, died of a heart attack. In 1969 his dairy farm was the site of the Woodstock Music and Arts Festival. He had offered his land for the festival over the objection of local officials.
    (http://www.deadoraliveinfo.com/dead.nsf/ynames-nf/Yasgur+Max)

1973        May 27, Betty Tyson (24), a prostitute and heroin addict, was arrested for the strangulation death of a businessman. Her murder conviction was overturned in 1998, due to a wrongfully suppressed police report, and she was released from prison 25 years to the day from her arrest in New York.
    (SFC, 5/28/98, p.A3)(http://assembly.state.ny.us/leg/?bn=A01251)

1973        May, The state of New York, under Gov. Nelson Rockefeller, passed a set of laws requiring judges to impose sentences of 15 years to life for anyone convicted of selling two ounces or possessing 4 ounces of narcotic drugs. The legislation sent the state~ez_rsquo~s prison population soaring.
    (Econ, 9/3/11, p.85)

1973        Jul 28, Bill Graham produced a rock festival in Watkins Glen, NY, that featured the Allman Brothers, the Band, and the Grateful Dead. The concert drew some 650,000 people, the single largest paying crowd in concert history.
    (www.superseventies.com/watkinsglen.html)(SFC,12/13/97, p.A15)

1973        New York State hired Charles Gehring to translate some 12,000 pages of documents from New Amsterdam. His work was used by Russell Shorto~ez_rsquo~s 2004 book ~ez_ldquo~The Island at the Center of the World: The Epic Story of Dutch Manhattan and the Forgotten Colony That shaped America.~ez_rdquo~
    (AH, 10/04, p.73)

1974        Nov 13, In Amityville, NY, 6 members of the DeFeo family were shot and killed in their home. Ronald DeFeo Jr., the oldest son, was convicted of the murders. A year later George Lutz (1947-2006) and his family moved into the Long Island house at 112 Ocean Ave. and stayed for 28 days before being driven out by the alleged spirits of the DeFeos. In 1977 Jay Anson authored ~ez_ldquo~The Amityville Horror.~ez_rdquo~ In 1979 the book was turned into a movie, which was remade in 2005. In 1979 Austrian-born paranormal investigator Hans Holzer (d.2009 at 89) authored ~ez_ldquo~Murder in Amityville,~ez_rdquo~ which formed the basis for the 1982 film ~ez_ldquo~Amityville II: The Possession.~ez_rdquo~ In 1977 Holzer and medium Ethel Johnson-Myers allegedly channeled the spirit of a Shinnecock Indian chief, who said the house stood on an ancient Indian burial ground.  
    (SSFC, 5/14/06, p.B6)(www.warrens.net/amityvill.htm)(SFC, 5/2/09, p.B4)

1974        Nov 8, Singer Connie Francis (b.1938) was raped in her hotel room after a concert at the Westbury Music Fair on Long Island, NY.
    (SFC, 9/1/96, Par. p.2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Connie_Francis)

1975        Jan 1, Hugh Carey (b.1919) began serving as governor of New York. He served to the end of 1982.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_Carey)

1975        Jun 24, In New York 113 people were killed when an Eastern Airlines Boeing 727 crashed while attempting to land during a thunderstorm at John F. Kennedy International Airport. The crash was later attributed to a microburst, not experienced at the control tower because of a sea breeze front.
    (AP, 6/24/97)(SFC, 6/24/09, p.D8)

1975        New York~ez_rsquo~s Gov. Carey convinced the teachers~ez_rsquo~ union to invest a significant amount of its pension funds in state bail-out bonds. In 2010 Seymour Lachman later authored ~ez_ldquo~The Man Who Saved New York: Hugh Carey and the Great Fiscal Crisis of 1975.~ez_rdquo~
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.32)

1976        May 9, Harvey Fite, professor of art at Bard College, died in Saugerties, NY, while working on his multi-acre Opus 40 landscape sculpture. In 2010 the 37-year project was listed for sale for $3.5 million.
    (SFC, 3/22/10, p.A4)

1976        May 13, In game 6 the NY Nets beat the Denver Nuggets in 9th & final American Basketball Association (ABA) championship, 4 games to 2.
    (www.remembertheaba.com/New-York-Nets.html)

1976        Jul 4, Opening ceremony of the Dai Bosatsu monastery Catskill Mt NY.
    (Maggio)

1976        Jul 7, The 1st female cadets enrolled at the West Point Military Academy in NY.
    (www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=Article&id=5159)

1976        Aug 27, Transsexual Renee Richards was barred from competing in US Tennis Open  in Forest Hills, NY.
    (www.nytimes.com/packages/html/sports/year_in_sports/08.27.html)

1976        Sep 10, 5 Croatian terrorists captured a TWA-plane at La Guardia Airport, NY.
    (http://nycslav.blogspot.com/2005/11/croatian-terroristsin-new-york.html)

1976        Oct 15, Carlo Gambino (b.1902), US gangster, died at his summer home in Long Island.
    (www.gambino.com/bio/carlogambino.htm)

1976        Dec 30, Governor Carey of New York pardoned seven inmates to close the book on the Attica uprising.
    (HN, 12/30/98)

1977        May 29, Danny Gerard, actor (Alan Silver-Brooklyn Bridge), was born in Mount Vernon, NY.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1977        Jun 11, Seattle Slew (d.2002 at 28) won the Belmont Stakes, capturing the Triple Crown.
    (AP, 6/11/97)(WSJ, 5/8/02, p.A1)

1977        Jul 13, A 25-hour power blackout hit the New York City area and looters rampaged in the city after lightning struck upstate power lines. Some 9 million people were affected.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1977)(AP, 7/13/97)(SFC, 8/15/03, p.A7)

1977        Aug 10, Postal employee David Berkowitz was arrested in Yonkers, NY, accused of being the "Son of Sam" gunman responsible for six slayings and seven woundings. Berkowitz was sentenced to six consecutive 25-years-to-life sentences.
    (AP, 8/10/07)

1977        Emma Crapser (92) was killed in her Poughkeepsie, NY, apartment. In 1983 Dewey Bozella (b.1959) was convicted of her grisly murder on the testimony of two convicted criminals and served 26 years in prison before being finally in 2009 after the nonprofit Innocence Project intervened and turned over evidence that had been suppressed during his trial.
    (AP, 10/12/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dewey_Bozella)

1978        Jun 10, Affirmed (1975-2001), ridden by Steve Cauthen, became a Triple Crown winner after winning the NY Belmont Stakes by a nose over Alyadar.
    (AP, 6/10/98)(WSJ, 6/7/99, p.A20)(NW, 12/31/01, p.109)

1978        Dec 11, Six masked men bound 10 employees at Lufthansa cargo area at NY Kennedy Airport & made off with $5.8 M in cash & jewelry. Nicholas Pileggi wrote "Wise Guys," which described his participation in the heist. The robbery inspired the movie "Goodfellas."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lufthansa_heist)(SFC, 5/10/97, p.A3)

1979        Jan 26, Nelson A. Rockefeller (70), former Vice President under Ford and 4-time governor of New York state, died in New York in the arms of Megan Marshack (25).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Rockefeller)(AP, 1/26/98)(Econ, 10/18/14, p.84)

1980        Feb 13, The opening ceremonies were held in Lake Placid, NY, for the 13th Winter Olympics.
    (AP, 2/13/98)

1980        Feb 22, In a stunning upset, the U.S. Olympic hockey team defeated the Soviets at Lake Placid, N.Y., 4-3.
    (AP, 2/22/99)

980        Feb 23, Eric Heiden (21) won his 5th speed skating gold at the Lake Placid Olympics. He went on to become an orthopedic surgeon.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speed_skating_at_the_1980_Winter_Olympics)(SSFC, 9/22/02, p.E1)

1980        Mar 10, "Scarsdale Diet" author Dr. Herman Tarnower was shot to death in Purchase, N.Y. Jean Harris (56) shot and killed her unfaithful lover, cardiologist Herman Tarnower, co-author of "The Complete Scarsdale Medical Diet" in Purchase N.Y. She was granted clemency by Gov. Mario Cuomo after she served 12 years of a 15 year sentence. Harris was released in January 1993.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.A3)(AP, 3/10/00)

1980        May 22, In response to a request from the Governor of NY, President Carter declared a second federal emergency at Love Canal, paving the way for federal aid to relocate the more than 700 families who still lived near the former toxic waste dump.
    (www.health.state.ny.us/environmental/investigations/love_canal/lcreport.htm)

1980        Jun 7, Temperance Hill won the Belmont Stakes (50:1 long shot).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Kraynak)

1980        Sep 22-1980 Sep 24, In Buffalo, NY, 4 African American men were shot in the head.   
    (http://tinyurl.com/3c37rd)

1980        Oct 8-1980 Oct 9, In Buffalo, NY, 2 African American taxi drivers were murdered and found with their hearts cut out.   
    (http://tinyurl.com/3c37rd)

1980        Dec 1, The US Justice Dept sued Yonkers, NY, citing racial discrimination.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2m6tyl)

1980        Dec 11, President Carter signed into a law legislation creating a $1.6 billion environmental "superfund" to pay for cleaning up chemical spills and toxic waste dumps. The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA or Superfund) was established by the US Congress to clean up America's worst hazardous waste sites. Fifteen years later more than $20 billion had been spent with 1300 waste sites identified but only a small fraction cleaned. The fund was established in response to toxic chemicals seeping into a housing development at Love Canal in New York. The aim was to require private parties to clean up past pollution when they could be found. The Fed would pay where the responsible parties could not be determined.
    (www.epa.gov/superfund/20years/ch2pg3.htm)(WSJ, 10/25/95, p.A-18)(SFC, 6/8/96, p.A13)

1981        Jan 15, Emanuel Celler (92), (Rep-D-NY, 1923-73), died.
    (MC, 1/15/02)

1981        Feb 15, A rocket-powered ice sled attained 399 kph on Lake George, NY.
    (440 Int'l., 2/15/99)

1981        Feb 24, A jury in White Plains, New York, found Jean Harris guilty of second-degree murder in the fatal shooting of "Scarsdale Diet" author Dr. Herman Tarnower.
    (AP, 2/24/01)

1981        Mar 20, Former girls~ez_rsquo~ school headmistress Jean Harris (1923-2012) was sentenced in White Plains, New York, to 15 years to life in prison for slaying "Scarsdale Diet" author Dr. Herman Tarnower. Harris was released in 1993 following a grant of clemency by Gov. Mario M. Cuomo.
    (AP, 3/20/01)(SFC, 12/29/12, p.A9)

1981        Jul 16, Singer Harry Chapin was killed when his car was struck by a tractor-trailer on New York's Long Island Expressway.
    (AP, 7/16/01)

1981        Aug 29, Lowell Thomas (89), broadcaster and world traveler died in Pawling, N.Y.
    (AP, 8/29/97)

1981        Oct 20, Three members of the radical Weather Underground were arrested following a bungled armored truck robbery in Nanuet, N.Y., where a guard was killed. 2 police officers were killed when the getaway truck was halted in Nyack. Susan Rosenberg assisted in surveillance, driving a getaway car and passing orders. Kathy Boudin was sentenced 20 years to life for assisting in the getaway. In 2003 Boudin was paroled and Susan Braudy authored "Family Circle," an account of the Boudin family. Rosenberg was arrested in Nov 1984 while unloading a cache of weapons in New Jersey and received a 58-year sentence for her role in the robbery. Pres. Clinton commuted Rosenberg~ez_rsquo~s sentence in 2001.
    (AP, 10/20/01)(SFC, 8/21/03, p.A6)(WSJ, 11/26/03, p.D10)(WSJ, 12/2/04, p.W15)

1982        Jan 31, Kathleen Durst (29) disappeared after spending a weekend at the family cottage in South Salem. Robert Durst, her husband, reported her missing Feb 5. In 2001 Robert Durst was arrested and charged in the dismemberment death of Morris Black (71) in Galveston, Texas. Durst was also a suspect in the Dec, 2000, shooting death of author Susan Berman.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.A15)

1982        A 23-year-old woman was robbed and raped in a Buffalo nature preserve. Vincent H. Jenkins, aka Warith Habib Abdal, was sentenced 20 years to life in prison for the crime and served 17 years before he was cleared by a DNA test in 1999. Jenkins was the 61st inmate to be exonerated by DNA testing.
    (SFC, 9/2/99, p.A3)

1983        Jan 1, Lt. Gov. Mario Cuomo (b.1932) succeeded Hugh Carey as governor of New York. Cuomo served 3 terms as the state~ez_rsquo~s 56th governor.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mario_Cuomo)

1983        Feb 26, Short-wave pirate Radio USA in Wellsville, NY, began transmission.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1983        Dec 27, A propane gas fire devastated 16 blocks of Buffalo, NY. The fire killed five firefighters, two civilians, destroyed about a million in fire equipment, and leveled several city blocks, as well as the infamous fire alarm box # 29 also known as the Hoodoo Box.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buffalo_Fire_Historical_Museum)

1983        Federal prosecutor Rudolph Giuliani won a 43 year sentence against Silvia Baraldini for a series of armored car robberies that included the 1981 Brinks robbery in Nyack, NY, where a guard and 2 policemen were killed. Baraldini was transferred to Italy in 1999.
    (SFC, 8/26/99, p.A14)

1985        Jan 1, The 1st US mandatory seat belt law went into effect in NY.
    (www.nysgtsc.state.ny.us/seat-ndx.htm)

1985        May 31, Some 41 tornadoes swept through parts of Pennsylvania, Ohio, New York and Ontario, Canada, during an eight-hour period killing 88 people with over 1,000 injured.
    (AP, 5/31/05)

1985        Jul 13, Lt. Cmdr. Michael Gershon, a Navy Blue Angel pilot, was killed when 2 planes collided during an air show at Niagara Falls, NY.
    (SFC, 10/29/99, p.A3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donnie_Cochran)

1985        Nov 21, Yonkers, NY, was found guilty of intentional discrimination in its housing and schools.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2oegnj)

1986        Mar 30, Actor James Cagney (86) died at his farm in Stanfordville, N.Y.
    (AP, 3/30/97)

1986        Jul 26, Averell Harriman (b.1892), statesman and former New York Governor, died at age 94 in Yorktown Heights, NY. He left his fabulous art collection, fortune, and influence in the Democratic Party to his wife, Pamela Churchill Harriman. She was later appointed by Pres. Clinton as ambassador to France. In 1996 Sally Bedell Smith wrote her biography: "Reflected Glory: The Life of Pamela Churchill Harriman."
    (SFC, 10/23/96, p.E6)(AP, 7/26/06)

1987        Feb 19, New York Governor Mario Cuomo declared that he would not run for president in the next election.
    (HN, 2/19/98)

1987        Mar 22, A garbage barge, carrying 3,200 tons of refuse, left Islip, N.Y., on a six-month journey in search of a place to unload. The barge was turned away by several states and three countries until space was found back in Islip.
    (AP, 3/22/97)

1987        Apr 5, In New York state the Schoharie Creek Bridge, a New York State Thruway bridge over the Schoharie Creek near Fort Hunter, collapsed killing 10 people.
    (SFC, 4/11/09, p.D12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schoharie_Creek_Bridge_collapse)

1987        Tawana Brawley (16) charged that 6 white law-enforcement officers abducted and raped her. Her claims were declared a hoax by a grand jury. 9 years later a related trial opened in a defamation suit brought by a former prosecutor against the Rev. Al Sharpton and 2 other advisers to Brawley.
    (SFC,11/19/97, p.A7)

1988        Aug 17, Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr. (Rep-D-NY, 1949-55), died on his 74th birthday.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1988        Sep 7, Seymour (62) and Arlene (54) Tankleff were bludgeoned to death in their Long Island home. Their adopted son, Martin Tankleff (17), initially confessed to the crime after a detective falsely told him the father had implicated him. Martin quickly withdrew the confession, but was sentenced to 50 years following one of the nation~ez_rsquo~s first televised trials. In 2007 he was released after detectives turned up witnesses that implicated a business partner of his father.
    (SFC, 12/28/07, p.A3)(www.courttv.com/news/2007/1228/tankleff_ap.html)

1988        Nov 2, A computer worm, named Morris, unleashed by a Cornell University graduate student began replicating, clogging thousands of computers around the country, but causing no real damage. The virus infected an estimated 6,000 university and military computers over the Internet.
    (AP, 11/2/98)(SFC, 9/3/07, p.C3)

1988        Dean Kamen, inventor, bought North Dumpling Island, 3 acres off the Connecticut coast. His inventions included the 1st portable insulin pump.
    (SSFC, 4/8/01, p.B3)(http://tinyurl.com/2pntdd)

1989        Apr 12, NY State leaders agreed to raise unemployment benefits to $245 per week.
    (http://tinyurl.com/zevt2)

1989        Jun 10, Easy Goer won the Belmont Stakes in New York, denying the Triple Crown to Kentucky Derby and Preakness winner Sunday Silence.
    (AP, 6/10/99)

1989        Jun 30, NY State Legislature passed the Staten Island secession bill.
    (http://tinyurl.com/htf9r)

1989        Dec 25, Billy Martin (61), former baseball manager, died in a truck crash in Fenton, NY.
    (AP, 12/25/99)

1989-1991    Robert Creeley served as the State Poet.
    (WSJ, 9/22/99, p.A21)

1990        Jun 9, "Go and Go" won the 122nd running of the Belmont Stakes.
    (AP, 6/9/00)

1990        Sep, The Ellis Island Immigration Museum opened following a 6-year, $170 million restoration.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.T11)

1991        Jan 18, Former New York Congressman Hamilton Fish Senior died in Cold Spring, New York, at age 102.
    (AP, 1/18/01)

1991        Aug 12, The National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York, began hosting a two-day reunion of former Negro League players.
    (AP, 8/12/01)

1991        Dec 20, New York Gov. Mario Cuomo announced he would not be a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination, saying his first responsibility was to deal with his state's budget problems.
    (AP, 12/20/01)

1991        The film "New York City" was produced by George Jackson (d.2000 at 42). The film portrayed the rise and fall of a drug dealer in Harlem and caused fights around the country where it played.
    (SFC, 2/16/00, p.C2)

1991        Ithaca established a local currency called Ithaca Hours to promote local spending.
    (SFEC, 7/5/98, Par p.17)

1991        The president of Rochester Inst. of Technology (RIT) resigned following a scandal over CIA influence on research and curriculum, and his own work for the agency.
    (WSJ, 10/4/02, p.A1)

1992        May 19, In Massapequa, New York, Mary Jo Buttafuoco was shot and seriously wounded by teen-ager Amy Fisher (17), who claimed to be having an affair with Mrs. Buttafuoco's husband, Joey, an allegation the Buttafuoco's denied. Joey later pleaded guilty to 3rd degree rape and admitted to the affair. In 1998 Mr. Buttafuoco planned to premier a TV show on public cable access for "people jammed up in the media."
    (AP, 5/19/97)(SFC, 3/31/98, p.A6)

1992        Dec 1, In Mineola, N.Y., Amy Fisher was sentenced to five to 15 years in prison for shooting and seriously wounding Mary Jo Buttafuoco. Fisher was released in 1999 after serving 7 years.
    (AP, 12/1/97)(SFC, 5/11/99, p.A9)

1992        Dec 29, New York Gov. Mario Cuomo commuted the prison sentence of Jean Harris, the convicted killer of "Scarsdale Diet" author Herman Tarnower.
    (AP, 12/29/97)

1993        Mar 13, A deadly blizzard paralyzed much of the East Coast, leaving more than 100 dead in its wake. Syracuse, NY, was covered with fresh snow 43 inches thick.
    (AP, 3/13/98)(SFC, 3/13/09, p.D8)

1993        Jun 29, Joel Rifkin pleaded innocent at an arraignment in Mineola, N.Y., to one count of murder, a day after police found a woman's body in his pickup truck. Rifkin, who later confessed to killing 17 women, is serving multiple life sentences.
    (AP, 6/29/98)

1993        Nov 15, A judge in Mineola, N.Y., sentenced Joey Buttafuoco to six months in jail for the statutory rape of Amy Fisher, who is serving a prison sentence for shooting and wounding Buttafuoco's wife, Mary Jo.
    (AP, 11/15/98)

1993        Dec 24, The Rev. Norman Vincent Peale, who had blended Christian and psychiatric principles into a message of "positive thinking," died in Pawling, N.Y., at age 95.
    (AP, 12/24/98)

1993        H. Carl McCall was appointed as State Comptroller by Gov. Mario Cuomo. He went on to get elected to the 4-year post.
    (WSJ, 6/12/97, p.1)

1994        Oct 29, NY Lotto paid over $60 million.
    (MC, 10/29/01)

1994        Aug 4, Howard Stern dropped out of the NY gubernatorial race.
    (MC, 8/4/02)
1994        Aug 4, A truck carrying millions of bees overturned on NY parkway.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1994        Aug 12, Woodstock '94 opened in Saugerties, N.Y.
    (AP, 8/12/97)

1994        Aug 14, Rain turned the final full day of Woodstock '94 in Saugerties, N.Y., into a mudbath.
    (AP, 8/14/04)

1994        The nuclear power plant at Shoreham, NY, begun in 1973, was decommissioned without ever providing commercial service. It was completed and tested but never allowed to start due to local opposition. Most of the $6 billion in costs were passed to customers of the local utility.
    (Econ, 9/8/07, p.71)
1994        theGlobe.com, an internet startup, was founded by Cornell students Stephan Paternot and Todd Krizelman.
    {Internet, USA, New York}
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TheGlobe.com)

1995        Mar 7, New York Gov. George Pataki signed a death penalty bill into law. NY became the 38th state to adopt the death penalty. It became effective Sep 1.
    (AP, 3/7/00)(www.nycdo.org/)

1995        Jun 10, "Thunder Gulch" won the Belmont Stakes.
    (AP, 6/10/00)

1995        Aug 27, A wildfire in the Hamptons, the largest in 50 years, ended after 4 days. A 16-alarm at the St. George Hotel complex began in Brooklyn.
    (www.emergency.com/hampton.htm)(www.fdnewyork.com/stgeorge.asp)   

1995        Sep 1, The death penalty in NY State, signed into law on March 7, became effective.
    (www.nycdo.org/)

1996        Apr 2, A federal appeals court rejected New York state laws banning doctor-assisted suicide, saying it would be discriminatory to let people disconnect life support systems while refusing to let others end their lives with medication.
    (AP, 4/2/01)

1996        Griffiss Air Force Base near Utica, which employed 5,000 military and civilian workers, was shut down.
    (WSJ, 3/8/99, p.A1)

1997        Jan 3, In NY in Centereach, Long Island, William Sodders (21) shot and killed, James Halverson, a firefighter out on a jog, in a random murder. Sodders was later turned in to police by his father after admitting to him the murder. Sodders was said to be influenced by the film "Natural Born Killers." Halverson left a wife pregnant with twins and a 4-year-old daughter.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A7)

1997        Jun 1, Betty Shabazz (61), the widow of Malcolm X, was severely burned in a fire set by her grandson (12) in her Yonkers, N.Y., apartment. She died of the burn wounds on Jun 23.
    (SFC, 6/24/97, p.A3)(SFC, 6/26/97, p.A15)(AP, 6/1/98)

1997        Oct 27, Authorities in Chautauqua County, N.Y., said Nushawn Williams (20), an HIV-positive man who allegedly traded drugs for sex with young women and teens, had infected a number of them with the AIDS virus. Later 48 partners were identified and 13 women and girls tested positive. Williams struck a plea bargain, after only 2 victims agreed to testify, and was sentenced to 4-12 years in prison.
    (SFC, 8/20/98, p.A5)(AP, 10/27/98)(SFC, 4/6/99, p.A2)

1997        In Le Roy, N.Y., the Jell-O Museum opened.
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, p.A2)

1998        Jan 8-1998 Jan 9, The US Northeast and Canada were hit with a severe ice storm and at least 16 people were reported killed. Millions of people were left without power in upper New York, Maine, Vermont and New Hampshire.
    (SFC, 1/9/98, p.A3)(SFC, 1/10/98, p.A8)

1998        May 26, The US Supreme Court ruled that Ellis Island is mainly in New Jersey, based on an 1834 border agreement between New York and New Jersey.
    (SFC, 5/27/98, p.A3)

1998        Jul 13, A jury in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., ruled that the Rev. Al Sharpton and two others had defamed a former prosecutor by accusing him of raping Tawana Brawley. Steven Pagones won a $345,000 judgment.
    (AP, 7/13/08)(www.cnn.com/US/9807/13/brawley.verdict.02/)

1998        Aug 20, In Southampton, N.Y., townspeople met to express their concerns over the construction of a 110,000 square foot home by Ira Rennert, a businessman who bought troubled companies and leveraged them for the next purchase. The spread was to be the largest home in America.
    (SFEC, 8/23/98, p.A7)

1998        Sep 2, Investigators in Poughkeepsie arrested Kendall Francois for the murder of Catina Newmaster (25), one of 8 women missing since 1996. The bodies of 3 women were pulled from his house.
    (SFC, 9/3/98, p.A3)

1998        Sep 7, At the New York State Fair in Syracuse two people were killed during a heavy storm. Gov. George Pataki declared a disaster emergency in 9 counties.
    (SFC, 9/8/98, p.A2)

1998        Oct 23, Dr. Barnett Slepian, an obstetrician, gynecologist and abortion practitioner, was gunned down in his kitchen in Amherst, N.Y. James Charles Kopp (44), aka "Atomic Dog," was later sought in relation to the killing. In 1999 a warrant was issued for Kopp's arrest. Kopp was arrested in France in 2001. Kopp was returned to the US in 2002 and pleaded not guilty. In 2003 Kopp was found guilty of 2nd degree murder.
    (SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A1)(SFC, 11/5/98, p.A7)(SFC, 5/6/99, p.A9)(SFC, 3/30/01, p.A3)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A5)(SFC, 1/19/02, p.A1)

1998        Nov 6, Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan (d.2008 at 76), D-N.Y., announced he would not run for re-election in 2000.
    (AP, 11/6/08)

1998        Margot Magowan and Naomi Wolf purchased 368 acres in upstate New York and founded the Woodhull Institute to help women spur each other to success.
    (SSFC, 10/11/03, p.E7)

1999        Apr 11, In Yonkers, NY, some 400 Americans prepared to fly to Albania to fight as volunteers with the KLA.
    (SFC, 4/12/99, p.A14)

1999        Mar, A Staten Island woman, Donna Fasano, was reported to have given birth to 2 boys, one black and one white due to an error by the embryologist who performed in vitro fertilization. Deborah Perry-Rogers and Robert Rogers, genetic parents of the black child, filed suit seeking custody of the black child.
    (SFC, 4/17/99, p.A3)

1999        May 9, In Salamanca Penny Brown (39), a nurse and midwife, was killed by a teenage member of the Seneca tribe.
    (SFC, 8/18/99, p.C14)

1999        Jun 5, "Charismatic" failed in his bid to win racing~ez_rsquo~s Triple Crown, finishing 3rd, with fractures in the lower left front leg, behind "Lemon Drop Kid" and "Vision and Verse" in the Belmont Stakes.
    (WSJ, 6/7/99, p.A20)(AP, 6/5/00)

1999        Jul 16, US Representative Michael Forbes of New York announced his switch from the Republican to the Democratic Party.
    (SFC, 7/20/99, p.A5)

1999        Jul 23, The 3-day Woodstock '99 music festival began at the decommissioned Griffiss Air Force Base in Rome, NY, with some 225,000 people. The $35-38 million production ended in chaos with hundreds of concertgoers burning fires, looting and vandalizing.
    (USAT, 7/26/99, p.1D,5D)(SFC, 7/26/99, p.E3)(SFC, 7/27/99, p.A3)

1999        Aug 28, The 109th Washington County Fair was held. Over 600 visitors later reported illness from E. coli contamination and at least 3 people died.
    (SFC, 9/11/99, p.A3)

1999        Sep, The story "Ship of Fools" by Theodore Kaczinski was scheduled for print in the Off! Magazine by students at State Univ. of NY at Binghampton.
    (SFC, 8/25/99, p.A2)

1999        Dec 12, Joseph Heller, author of "Catch-22," died at age 76 in East Hampton, N.Y. His 1998 memoir was titled "Now and Then: From Coney Island to Here." Other novels included "God Knows" (1984) and "Closing Time" (1994). His final work was "Portrait of an Artist as an Old Man." In 2011 Tracy Dougherty authored ~ez_ldquo~Just One Catch: A Biography of Joseph Heller.~ez_rdquo~
    (SFC, 12/14/99, p.A10)(WSJ, 6/9/00, p.W9)(SSFC, 8/21/11, p.F1)

1999        Four leaders of the New Square community of Rockland County were convicted of stealing over $30 million in government funds. They received prison sentences from 2 ˝ to 6 ˝ years. In 2001 Pres. Clinton reduced their sentences to 2 and 2 ˝ years.
    (SFC, 2/24/01, p.A1)

2000        Jan 7, Johnny Ely (66), a short-order cook, won the New York State Lottery Millennium Millions $100 million jackpot. He elected a one-time pay out of $44 million with $17 million in taxes.
    (SFC, 1/8/00, p.A2)

2000        Apr 3, A regional director of the National Labor Relations Board ruled that graduate students who work as teaching and research assistants at New York Univ. may organize a union.
    (SFC, 4/4/00, p.A3)

2000        Nov 20-21, A sudden snow storm dropped 25 inches on Buffalo. A state of emergency was declared in the area as schools and government buildings were closed.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.S3)

2001        Jan 5, Frank Wright, a Suffolk county police officer, was suspended without pay after 3 women came forward with stories of how he had forced them to strip after they had failed alcohol breath tests in order to avoid drunk driving charges.
    (SFC, 1/6/01, p.A6)

2001        Jan 9, The Giuliani administration agreed to pay up to $50 million so settle a class-action suit on behalf of tens of thousands of people who were illegally strip searched by jail guards between 1996-1997.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A7)

2001        Mar 12, An anonymous donor pledged a no-strings-attached $360 million to Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), the largest donation to a university in US history.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A4)

2001        Mar 29, James Kopp, the fugitive wanted in the 1998 slaying of Dr. Barnett Slepian, a Buffalo, N.Y., abortion provider, was captured in France. Kopp was convicted in 2003 of killing Slepian and is serving a sentence of 25 years to life.
    (AP, 3/29/02)

2001        Jun 9, Point Given won the Belmont Stakes.
    (AP, 6/9/02)

2001        Jun 28, Gov. George Pataki signed legislation that banned the use of handheld cell phones by drivers, effective Nov 1. Emergencies were exempted.
    (SFC, 6/29/01, p.A8)

2001        Sep 5, Heywood Hale Broun (83), sports commentator, died in Kingston, N.Y.
    (AP, 9/5/02)

2001        Nov 1, A NY state cell phone law went into effect. It required motorists to use hand-free systems for use while driving.
    (WSJ, 10/31/01, p.A1)

2001        Nov 12, American Airlines Flight 587, bound for the Dominican Republic, crashed in Belle Harbor in the Far Rockaway district of Queens just after takeoff from JFK Airport. All 260 crew and passengers were killed as well as 5 people on the ground. The A300-600 plane appeared to have fallen apart. The vertical tail section cracked off when composite fittings failed possibly due to turbulence from a preceding 747. In 2004 a safety board said the pilot~ez_rsquo~s ~ez_ldquo~unnecessary and excessive~ez_ldquo~ use of the rudder contributed to the crash.
    (SFC, 11/14/01, p.A14)(SFC, 11/15/01, p.A19)(SFC, 10/27/04, p.A3)(AP, 11/12/05)

2001        Dec 4, The Bush administration ordered tons of PCBs removed from the upper Hudson River. Dredging was expected to cost GE $500 million.
    (SFC, 12/5/01, p.A6)

2001        Dec 28, Buffalo, NY, dug out from a 5-day storm that left nearly 7 feet of snow.
    (SFC, 12/29/01, p.A6)

2002        Mar 12, In Lynbrook, NY, Rev. Lawrence Penzes (50) was shot dead at Our Lady of Peace Church on Long Island along with Mrs. Eileen Tosner (73) sitting in a pew. Penzes (b.1952), ordained in 1978, was shot in the back as he turned to sit just after finishing the homily next to the altar. Long Island police soon captured mentally-deranged Peter J. Troy (34), who had fired at least six shots from a.22-caliber rifle.
    (SFC, 3/13/02, p.A7)(www.safran-arts.com/42day/history/h4mar/h4mar12.html#deaths)

2002        Mar 20, At Fort Drum, NY, a soldier was killed and 14 were injured when 2 artillery shells fell far short of their target.
    (SFC, 3/21/02, p.A5)

2002        Apr 1, Pres. Bush said he would sell Governor's Island in NY Harbor to NY state and NYC for a nominal charge.
    (SFC, 4/2/02, p.A3)

2002        Apr 20, A 5.1 earthquake was centered near Plattsburgh.
    (SSFC, 4/21/02, p.A2)

2002        Jun 1, President Bush told West Point graduates the United States would strike pre-emptively against suspected terrorists if necessary to deter attacks on Americans, saying "the war on terror will not be won on the defensive."
    (SSFC, 6/2/02, p.A1)(AP, 6/1/03)

2002        Jun 8, Sarava, a 70 to 1 longshot, won the 134th running of the Belmont Stakes. Favored War Emblem came in 8th.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.A1)

2002        Aug 15, Larry Rivers (78), painter, sculptor, jazz musician and poet, died in Southampton, NY. Rivers was born as Yitzroch Grossberg in Bronx, NY.
    (SFC, 8/16/02, p.A25)(NW, 8/26/02, p.9)

2002        Aug 23, New York publicist Lizzie Grubman pleaded guilty in a hit-and-run crash that injured 16 people outside a Hamptons nightclub. Grubman ended up serving 37 days of a 60-day sentence at the Suffolk County, N.Y., Jail, with time off for good behavior.
    (AP, 8/23/03)

2002        Sep 14, In Lackawanna, New York, 5 men of Yemeni descent were charged with supporting foreign terrorist organizations. They trained in an al Qaeda camp run by Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network in the spring of 2001. A 6th member of the cell was arrested in Bahrain. All 6 were indicted Oct 21. In 2003 Mukhtar al-Bakri was sentenced to 10 years, Yasein Taher to 9 years. All terms ranged from 7-10 years.
    (AP, 9/15/02)(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A12)(SFC, 10/22/02, p.A7)(SFC, 12/5/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/18/03, p.A1)

2003          Mar 11, A US Army Black Hawk helicopter crashed in Fort Drum, NY, and 11 of 13 soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 3/12/03, p.A5)

2003        Mar 26, Daniel Patrick Moynihan (76), former NY Senator (1976-2000) and scholar, died. He wrote or edited some 18 books. In 2010 Steven Weisman edited his letters: ~ez_ldquo~Daniel Patrick Moynihan: A Portrait in Letters of an American Visionary.~ez_rdquo~
    (SFC, 3/27/03, p.A1)(Econ, 9/18/10, p.104)

2003        Apr 7, Syracuse beat Kansas 81-78 in the NCAA Basketball finals.
    (SFC, 4/8/03, p.A1)

2003        Apr 8, Kidnapper-rapist John Jamelske, was arrested. He had imprisoned 5 women and girls, one after another, as sex slaves inside a makeshift dungeon in his DeWitt, NY, home.
    (AP, 4/8/08)

2003        Jun 10, In NY state John Jamelske (68) pleaded guilty to holding 5 women captive as sex slaves in a bunker at his home in Syracuse.
    (SFC, 6/11/03, p.A3)

2003        Dec 9, The Dutch cargo ship Stellamare capsized at the Port of Albany, NY.
    (SFC, 12/19/03, p.D10)

2003        Dec 25, In Schenectady, NY, 2  home fires left 5 people dead. At least 4 people in one fire were killed by shotgun blasts.
    (SFC, 12/26/03, p.A5)

2004        Jan 20, NY Gov. Pataki proposed funding cuts to low-income families as part of his proposed budget.
    (USAT, 1/20/04, p.12A)

2004        Jan 22, It was reported that Kodak, headquartered in Rochester, NY, planned to cut its work force by as much as 21% by the end of 2006.
    (WSJ, 1/22/04, p.A1)

2004        Mar 2, NY state filed charges against the mayor of New Paltz for marrying gay couples.
    (WSJ, 3/3/04, p.A1)

2004        Jun 5, Smarty Jones lost to Birdstone (36-to-1) at the 136th running at Belmont Park.
    (SSFC, 6/6/04, C1)

2004        Jul, Homeland Security officer Robert Rhodes subdued Zhao Yan (38), a Chinese businesswoman, who was touring Niagara Falls near the Canadian border. In 2005 Rhodes was found not guilty of violating her civil rights. Zhao Yan filed a $10 million lawsuit against the US government.
    (AP, 9/10/05)

2004        Aug 15, In NY Spencer Tunick, photographer, gathered 1,826 people at Buffalo~ez_rsquo~s old Central Terminal for a group session of nude photographs.
    (SFC, 8/17/04, p.E5)

2004        Sep 30, Love Canal, NY, was formally removed from the Superfund list. The land was deemed safe only for industry. In the center a 16-acre canal dump site remained fenced.
    (SFC, 10/1/04, p.A8)

2004        Oct 14, New York State Attorney General Eliot Spitzer announced the initiation of a civil action against Marsh & McLennan, a US insurance brokerage firm, alleging impropriety in the steering of clients to insurers with whom the company maintained payoff agreements, and for soliciting rigged bids for insurance contracts from the insurers. The firm later apologized and paid $850 million in compensation.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marsh_&_McLennan)(WSJ, 10/27/04, p.C1)(WSJ, 10/28/04, p.C1)(Econ, 4/10/10, p.70)

2005        Jan 31, Marsh & McClennan Cos. reached an $850 million settlement of civil fraud charges with NY state~ez_rsquo~s attorney Eliot Spitzer and the state insurance department.
    (WSJ, 1/31/05, p.C1)

2005        Mar 29, New York~ez_rsquo~s top court ruled that an out-of-state programmer must pay state taxes on his full salary despite working mostly via computer. On Oct 31 the US Supreme Court declined to hear the case and the ruling against Thomas Huckaby stood.
    (WSJ, 3/30/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/1/05, p.D1)

2005        Jun 13, Leonard Pickell, former president of the James Beard Foundation, was sentenced 1 to 3 years in prison in NY state for stealing over a $1.1 million from the foundation.
    (SFC, 6/14/05, p.A2)

2005        Jul 28, Arthur Zankel, financier and philanthropist, fell to his death from his ninth-floor apartment on NYC~ez_rsquo~s Upper East Side. Police called it an apparent suicide. In 2006 details of his will indicated donations of $120 million that included some $40 million for Skidmore College in Saratoga Springs, NY, and $22 million to Manhattan~ez_rsquo~s Carnegie Hall.
    (www.nysun.com/article/17769)(WSJ, 6/2/06, p.W2)

2005        Sep 19, L. Dennis Kozlowski (58), former Tyco International Ltd. CEO, was sentenced to up to 25 years in prison for looting the company of hundreds of millions of dollars. Tyco's former finance chief, Mark Swartz (44) received the same sentence. NY State Supreme Court Justice Michael Obus ordered the defendants to pay a total of $134 million in restitution to Tyco. In addition, the judge fined Kozlowski $70 million, and Swartz $35 million.
    (AP, 9/20/05)

2005        Sep 26, In Mineola, NY, ex-Roslyn schools chief Frank Tassone (58) admitted he stole millions of dollars in taxpayer money to finance everything from his breakfast bagel to European jaunts on the Concorde. Records showed that Tassone and a former school official withdrew the district's money from ATMs almost every day between February 2001 and October 2002, with Tassone taking out a monthly average of $21,747. As part of a plea bargain Tassone will spend four to 12 years in prison and pay back an estimated $2 million.
    (AP, 9/26/05)

2005        Oct 2, In New York the 40-foot boat the Ethan Allen capsized on Lake George over so quickly that none of the 47 passengers from Michigan could put on a life jacket. 20 people were killed.
    (AP, 10/3/05)

2005        Oct 29, Saint Liam won the Breeders' Cup Classic at Belmont Park.
    (AP, 10/29/06)

2005        Oct 31, The US Supreme Court declined to hear an appeal by, Thomas Huckaby, a Tennessee man who was charged by NY state for taxes on all of his income derived from his employer in NY.
    (WSJ, 11/1/05, p.D1)

2006        Jun 10, In New York Jazil cruised to victory, holding off Bluegrass Cat in the Belmont Stakes.
    (AP, 6/10/07)

2006        Jun 29, East Coast rains, which began over the weekend, have been blamed for five deaths in Pennsylvania, four in Maryland, one in Virginia and three in New York.
    (AP, 6/29/06)

2006        Jul 6, New York's highest court ruled that gay marriage is not allowed under state law, rejecting arguments by same-sex couples who said the law violates their constitutional rights.
    (AP, 7/6/06)
2006        Jul 6, Emmanuel "Toto" Constant (49), an elusive former strongman from Haiti, accused of sanctioning rape to silence dissent there in the early 1990s, was arrested in a mortgage fraud scheme on Long Island, NY.
    (AP, 7/7/06)

2006        Jul 15, Robert Wilson (64), theater and opera director, opened his $12 million Watermill Center on Long Island, NY. The arts center was setup to host conferences, student workshops and serve as an intercultural exchange.
    (Econ, 7/22/06, p.82)

2006        Jul 24, Power companies worked to restore electricity to thousands of customers throughout California as a scorching heat wave threatened to push the state into a power emergency with the potential for more blackouts. Storm problems cut power to areas of New York and Missouri.
    (AP, 7/24/06)(WSJ, 7/25/06, p.A1)

2006        Aug 23, Annie Donnelly (38) of Long Island, NY, pleaded guilty to stealing $2.3 million (1.2 million pounds) from her employers. She spent the money on lottery tickets, buying as much as $6,000 worth of tickets a day in a bid to hit the jackpot.
    (Reuters, 8/24/06)

2006        Aug 28, Five people were killed and dozens injured after a Montreal-bound Greyhound bus from New York City overturned on a highway in upstate New York.
    (Reuters, 8/29/06)

2006        Aug 31, In New York 2 state troopers were shot while staking out the property of a former girlfriend of escaped convict Ralph Phillips. Trooper Joseph Longobardo (32) died from his wounds on Sep 3. Phillips, a 44-year-old career thief who has spent 20 of the past 23 years in state prison, surrendered Sep 8 without firing a shot.
    (SSFC, 9/3/06, p.A3)(AP, 9/9/06)

2006        Oct 13, In New York a record-breaking early snowstorm walloped the Buffalo area, leaving thousands without power and 12 people left dead.
    (AP, 10/14/06)(WSJ, 10/19/06, p.A1)

2006        Oct 19, A NY state judge ruled that Richard Grasso, former head of the NYSE, must return as much as $100 million of his $187.5 compensation package. In 2008 a state appeals court ruled that Mr. Grasso can keep all of his compensation.
    (SFC, 10/20/06, p.D3)(WSJ, 10/21/06, p.B1)(WSJ, 7/2/08, p.A1)

2006        Nov 7, Eliot Spitzer defeated John Faso to become the first Democratic governor of New York since 1994. He faced budget gaps of almost $7 billion over the next 2 years along with a bloated Medicaid program.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ycxm58)(Econ, 11/4/06, p.37)

2006        Brooke A. Masters authored ~ez_ldquo~Spoiling for a Fight: The Rise of Eliot Spitzer.~ez_rdquo~
    (WSJ, 7/28/06, p.W4)

2006        Robert Congel of Pyramid Companies, planned to develop a $20 billion mall named Destiny in Syracuse, New York. He hoped to accompany it with a 325-acre research and development park just north of the city.
    (Econ, 5/6/06, p.35)

2007        Jan 17, A US snow and ice storm was blamed for at least 64 deaths in nine states. These included 20 deaths in Oklahoma, 9 in Missouri, 8 in Iowa, 4 in New York, 5 in Texas, 4 in Michigan, 3 in Arkansas, and 1 each in Maine and Indiana.
    (AP, 1/17/07)(SFC, 1/18/07, p.A3)

2007        Feb 12, In upstate New York intense lake-effect snow squalls that buried communities along eastern Lake Ontario for nine straight days started up again. Unofficially, the squalls have dumped 12 feet, 2 inches of snow at Redfield.
    (AP, 2/12/07)

2007        Feb 14, Sleet stung the faces of pedestrians in New York and snow and ice coated windshields and streets as a Valentine's Day blizzard roared out of the Midwest and shut down parts of the Northeast.
    (AP, 2/14/07)

2007        Mar 14, New York Gov. Eliot Spitzer signed legislation authorizing ~ez_ldquo~civil confinement~ez_rdquo~ of certain sex offenders who have finished their prison terms, but were still considered a threat.
    (Econ, 3/17/07, p.37)

2007        Apr 11, New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo said he will announce a settlement with a "significant" student lender as a probe into a college loan scandal continued to broaden.
    (AP, 4/11/07)

2007        Apr 15, Airlines canceled 300 flights as a hard-blowing nor'easter gathered strength along the East Coast and threatened to deliver some of the worst flooding to coastal Long Island in 14 years.
    (AP, 4/15/07)

2007        Jun 2, Four Muslim men were arrested and in connection to a plan to set off explosives in a jet fuel line that feeds John F. Kennedy International Airport and runs through residential neighborhoods. Two men allegedly involved in a plot to attack New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport were in custody in Trinidad and Tobago and the police commissioner said authorities were scouring the Caribbean country for a third suspect still at large. In 2011 Kareem Ibrahim (65) of Trinidad was found guilty of convincing plotters to seek aid from Iran.
    (AP, 6/2/07)(AP, 6/3/07)(AP, 6/2/08)(SFC, 5/27/11, p.A6)

2007        Jun 9, In NY the filly Rags to Riches outdueled Preakness winner Curlin in a breathtaking stretch run and won the Belmont Stakes by a head.
    (AP, 6/10/07)

2007        Aug 13, Brooke Astor (b.1902), philanthropist, died at her Holy Hill estate in NY.
    (SFC, 8/13/07, p.B5)(Econ, 8/25/07, p.79)

2007        Aug 27, Police arrested Paul Devoe III (43) in Shirley, NY, following 5 recent murders in Texas and one in Pennsylvania. On December 19, 2007, the Texas Travis County District Attorney announced his office's intention to pursue the death penalty. In 2009 Devoe was sentenced to death for the 2007 slaying of two Jonestown, Texas, teenage girls.
     (SFC, 8/28/07, p.A6)(www.nytimes.com/2007/08/28/us/28texas.html)(SFC, 10/9/09, p.A4)

2007        Oct 5, Marion Jones (31), three-time Olympic gold medalist, pleaded guilty in White Plains, NY, to lying to federal investigators when she denied using performance-enhancing drugs, and announced her retirement. Jones said she took steroids from September 2000 to July 2001 and said she was told by her then-coach Trevor Graham that she was taking flaxseed oil when it was actually "the clear." Jones also pleaded guilty to a second count of lying to investigators about her association with a check-fraud scheme.
    (AP, 10/6/07)

2007        Oct 27,     The Bush administration and NY state cut a deal to create a new generation of super-secure driver~ez_rsquo~s licenses, which would also allow illegal immigrants to get a version.
    (SSFC, 10/28/07, p.A6)

2007        Dec 18, In New Jersey authorities broke up a major organized crime ring that took in $2.2 billion in gambling bets over the last 15 months and supplied drugs and cell phones to gang members in a New Jersey state prison. 2 ruling members of New York~ez_rsquo~s Lucchese crime family and 30 others were arrested.
    (SFC, 12/19/07, p.A4)

2008        Jan 30, It was reported that bats were dying off by the thousands as they hibernated in caves and mines around New York and Vermont, sending researchers scrambling to find the cause of mysterious condition dubbed "white nose syndrome." Up to 11,000 bats were found dead last winter and many more were showing signs of illness this winter.
    (AP, 1/30/08)

2008        Feb 13, NY Gov. Eliot Spitzer hired a prostitute in Washington, DC, and paid her $4,300. News of this broke on March 10, when he apologized to his family and the public.
    (WSJ, 3/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Feb 13, A prosecutor in Buffalo, NY, announced that a woman, who spent 13 years in prison after being convicted of strangling her 13-year-old daughter, was exonerated by forensic evidence showing she died of a cocaine overdose. Lynn DeJac (44) insisted that a former boyfriend was responsible.
    (AP, 2/13/08)

2008        Mar 10, New York Gov. Eliot Spitzer admitted to his role in a prostitution scandal. He faced mounting calls to resign. The governor first came under suspicion because of cash payments from several bank accounts to an account operated by a call-girl ring.
    (AP, 3/11/08)

2008        Mar 12, NY Gov. Eliot Spitzer announced his resignation effective March 17, completing a stunning fall from power after he was nationally disgraced by links to a high-priced prostitution ring. This put Lt. Gov. David Peterson in place as the nation~ez_rsquo~s first legally blind governor.
    (AP, 3/12/08)(SFC, 3/12/08, p.A12)

2008        Mar 17, In New York David Paterson was sworn in almost exactly a week after allegations first surfaced that former Gov. Eliot Spitzer was "Client 9" of a high-priced call girl service. Paterson tried to come clean about his own skeletons just hours after assuming office by acknowledging a years-old affair.
    (AP, 3/18/08)

2008        Apr 23, New York~ez_rsquo~s Gov. David Paterson signed into law a $1.25 per pack tax hike on top of the state~ez_rsquo~s $1.50 per pack cigarette tax. NYC has an additional $1.50 per pack tax. By July 1 smokers will be paying an average $9.00 a pack for legal cigarettes. The taxes have encouraged major criminal smuggling.
    (WSJ, 5/7/08, p.A17)

2008        May 30, A jury in Syracuse, NY, found Hewlett-Packard guilty of infringing a patent for data processing held by Cornell Univ. and ordered the company to pay Cornell $184 million.
    (SFC, 6/4/08, p.C5)

2008        Jun 4, In New York Thomas Gioeli (Tommy Shots), said to be the acting boss of the Colombo organized crime family, was arrested along with 8 other suspected gangsters on federal charges of coast to coast Mafia crimes.
    (SFC, 6/5/08, p.A3)

2008        Jun 7, In New York Nick Zito saddled 38-1 long shot Da' Tara to a 5 1/4-length upset at Belmont. Big Brown, the favorite, came in last.
    (AP, 6/8/08)

2008        Jun 9, In New York Samuel Israel III (48), the former chief executive of hedge fund firm Bayou Management LLC, was supposed to begin serving a 20-year prison term. Israel had pleaded guilty in 2005 for losses that cost investors some $400 million. His car was found near the Bear Mountain Bridge over the Hudson River. The words ~ez_ldquo~suicide is painless~ez_rdquo~ were written in the dust on the hood. Israel surrendered to police in Massachusetts on July 2.
    (WSJ, 6/11/08, p.A1)(SFC, 7/3/08, p.C3)

2008        Jun 26, In New York Varsha Sabhnani (46), a millionaire who inflicted years of abuse on two Indonesian housekeepers held as virtual slaves in her Long Island mansion, was sentenced to 11 years in prison. She had been convicted with her husband in December on a 12-count federal indictment that included forced labor, conspiracy, involuntary servitude and harboring aliens.
    (AP, 6/27/08)

2008        Jul 24, New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo sued banking giant UBS for fraud, accusing the company of marketing tens of billions of dollars of auction-rate securities as safe even when they knew the investments were in trouble.
    (AP, 7/25/08)

2008        Jul 29, New York~ez_rsquo~s Gov. David Paterson delivered a special address on the state~ez_rsquo~s deteriorating fiscal condition. His new budget placed the state~ez_rsquo~s deficit at $6.4 billion.
    (Econ, 8/2/08, p.36)

2008        Aug 5, John A. "Junior" Gotti (44) was arrested at his Long Island home on charges linking him to three New York murders. In 1999 Junior Gotti pleaded guilty to racketeering crimes including bribery, extortion, gambling and fraud. He was sentenced to 77 months in prison and was released in 2005.
    (AP, 8/5/08)

2008        Oct 3, The Great Lakes Governors (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin) applauded President George W. Bush for signing a joint resolution of Congress providing consent to the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Compact.  It barred new diversions beyond the Great Lakes Basin.
    (www.cglg.org/projects/water/CompactConsent.asp)(Econ, 5/22/10, p.36)

2008        Oct 28, In Serbia Miladin Kovacevic (21) was detained on suspicion that he "inflicted severe bodily harm" on Bryan Steinhauer during the fight in a bar in upstate New York last May. Steinhauer (22) only recently emerged from a coma. In 2010 prosecutors filed assault charges against Kovacevic. The beating left Steinhauer with skull fractures and a severe brain injury.
    (AP, 10/28/08)(AP, 3/2/10)

2008        Oct 29, In upstate New York, more than 40,000 customers remained without power, a day after the season's first big snowstorm blew through the region.
    (AP, 10/29/08)

2008        Nov 8, On Long Island, NY, 7 students from Patchogue-Medford High School attacked Marcelo Lucero (38), an immigrant from Ecuador. Jeffrey Conroy (17) stabbed and killed Lucero as he struggled to defend himself. Police soon arrested the 7 teens. In 2010 Jeffrey Conroy )19) was convicted of manslaughter.
    (SFC, 11/22/08, p.A6)(SFC, 4/20/10, p.A6)

2008        Nov 28, In New York Jdimytai Damour (34), a Long Island Wal-Mart worker, was killed after a crowd of post-Thanksgiving shoppers burst through the doors at the suburban Valley Stream store and knocked him down. In 2009 Wal-Mart agreed to pay nearly $2 million and improve safety at its 92 New York stores as part of a deal with prosecutors that avoids criminal charges in the trampling death.
    (AP, 11/29/08)(AP, 5/6/09)

2008        Dec 13, In New Hampshire 370,000 customers still had no electricity following a huge ice storm. Utility crews worked through a night of hand-numbing cold in the Northeast but they still had a long way to go before restoring power to all of the more than 1 million homes and businesses blacked out by the storm. Most of the outages were in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Maine and New York.
    (AP, 12/13/08)

2009        Jan 4, In Syracuse, NY, Shawn Rhines (15) killed public works department employee Casimir Snyder (47). Police later said Ja-Le Johnson and Rhines would often hang out in an attic across the street and shoot target practice with rifles from a window. Police recovered two rifles from the attic. Rhines confessed and faced 10 years to life in prison.
    (SFC, 4/17/09, p.A6)

2009        Jan 23, Gov. David Paterson picked Democratic US Rep. Kirsten Gillibrand to fill New York's vacant US Senate seat, a day after Caroline Kennedy abruptly withdrew from consideration.
    (AP, 1/23/09)
2009        Jan 23, Joseph Bruno (79), former majority leader of the New York Senate, was indicted on federal corruption charges.
    (SFC, 1/24/09, p.A3)

2009        Jan 26, Nicholas Cosmo, founder of Agape World Inc., was arrested for running a Ponzi scheme that bilked investors of an estimated $370 million. His Long Island, NY, firm promised profits of 48-80% a year.
    (WSJ, 1/28/08, p.A12)(www.time.com/time/business/article/0,8599,1874283,00.html)

2009        Feb 12, A commuter plane, Continental Connection Flight 3407 from Newark, N.J., coming in for a landing nose-dived into a house in suburban Buffalo, sparking a fiery explosion that killed all 49 people aboard and a person in the home. It was the nation's first fatal crash of a commercial airliner in 2 1/2 years. Historian Alison Des Forges (66), prominent human rights advocate who documented genocide in Rwanda, was among the victims of the crash.
    (AP, 2/13/09)(AP, 2/13/09)
2009        Feb 12, In New York Aasiya Hassan (37) was found beheaded at the Bridges TV offices. Muzzammil Hassan, founder and CEO of Buffalo, NY-based Bridges TV, was charged after reporting the death of his wife. He had launched Bridges in 2004 with a mission to show Muslims in a more positive light. Muzzammil Hassan, pleaded that he was a victim of spousal abuse, but was convicted on Feb 7, 2011.
    (Reuters, 2/16/09)(SFC, 2/8/11, p.A6)

2009        Feb 14, In Canandaigua, New York, Kimberly and Christopher Glatz were killed at their home. Mary Silliman (23) was slain along with Randall Norman (41) a motorist who intervened when he saw her being roughed up in the parking lot in a pre-dawn attack outside Lakeside Memorial Hospital in Brockport. In August Frank Garcia, a nursing supervisor, was convicted of the Glatz killings and faced another trial for the Brockport killings. On Sep 1 Garcia was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 8/14/09, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/myhxsv)(SFC, 9/2/09, p.A8)

2009        Feb 25, The FBI arrested money managers Paul Greenwood (61) of North Salem, NY, and Stephen Walsh (64) of Sands Point, NY, on charges of conspiracy, securities fraud and wire fraud. They ware accused of misappropriating at least $553 million.
    (WSJ, 2/26/09, p.A1)

2009        Mar 2, A massive late winter snow storm roared out of the Southeast and into the Northeast overnight, idling hundreds of flights and making the morning rush treacherous as motorists contended with nearly a foot of snow in spots. Some 950 flights were canceled at the three main New York area airports, an almost 300 canceled in Philadelphia.
    (AP, 3/2/09)(SFC, 3/3/09, p.A5)

2009        Mar 17, New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo said AIG, the troubled insurance giant, paid bonuses of $1 million or more to 73 employees, including 11 who no longer work for the company.
    (AP, 3/18/09)

2009        Mar 19, In New York Hank Morris, a political advisor, and David J. Loglisci were indicted on allegations of extracting improper fees in exchange for investments from New York state~ez_rsquo~s pension fund.
    (WSJ, 4/18/09, p.C1)(http://tinyurl.com/crt5kx)
2009        Mar 19, Howard Feldman (67), an American psychiatrist, was arrested in the Philippines on charges of tricking an upstate New York couple into wiring him $70,000 for a bogus liver transplant, that the husband died waiting for. Feldman has been on the run since 2001.
    (SFC, 3/20/09, p.A8)

2009        Mar 24, New York~ez_rsquo~s Gov. David Paterson ordered layoffs that could total over 4% of state workers after unions refused concessions.
    (WSJ, 3/25/09, p.A1)

2009        Apr 3, In Binghampton, NY, Jiverly Wong (41) barricaded the back door of a community center with his car and then opened fire on a room full of immigrants taking a citizenship class, killing 13 people before apparently committing suicide. Officials the next day said the man, believed to be Vietnamese immigrant, was depressed and angry over losing his job and about his poor English skills.
    (AP, 4/3/09)(AP, 4/4/09)(SSFC, 4/5/09, p.A15)

2009        Apr 6, Andrew Cuomo, NY state~ez_rsquo~s attorney general, filed a civil suit against J. Ezra Merkin, a New York philanthropic leader and former chairman of GMAC, on allegations that he betrayed hundreds of investors by repeatedly lying to them about how he invested their money. Merkin had funneled $2.4 billion from universities and nonprofit organizations into the firm of Bernard Madoff, now in jail for running a multibillion dollar Ponzi scheme.
    (WSJ, 4/7/09, p.A1)

2009        Apr 29, In New York Teresa Tambunting of Scarsdale was charged with grand larceny and criminal possession of stolen property. Prosecutors said she had stolen over $12 million in gold over six years from the Queens jewelry manufacturer where she worked. Police found 450 pounds of gold at her home.
    (SFC, 4/30/09, p.A4)

2009        May 2, Jack Kemp (b.1935), Republican politician, died of cancer at his home in Maryland. A former quarterback for the Buffalo Bills,  Kemp represented western NY for nine terms in Congress, leaving the House for an unsuccessful presidential bid in 1988.
    (AP, 5/3/09)(SSFC, 5/3/09, p.A16)

2009        May 23, It was reported that millions of bats in at least 7 US states (Connecticut, New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia and West Virginia) have died from white-nose syndrome, a fungal diseases. In 2011 the fungus Geomyces destructans was identified as the cause.
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.36)(SFC, 10/28/11, p.A18)

2009        Jun, Sludge containing PCBs, released into the Hudson River between 1946-1977 by 2 General Electric plants, began to be shipped for disposal to West Texas. The sludge along 197 miles had been declared a Superfund site. Cleanup of the Hudson River began in 2009 at an estimated cost of $750 million, to be paid by GE.
    (SFC, 11/29/00, p.A10)(SFC, 5/16/09, p.A5)(SFC, 6/22/09, p.A9)

2009        Jul 14, Episcopalians meeting in Anaheim, NY, declared gays and lesbians eligible any ordained ministry.
    (SFC, 7/15/09, p.A6)

2009        Jul 23, Federal prosecutors arrested over 40 people in New Jersey and New York as part of a major corruption and international money laundering conspiracy probe. They included New Jersey Assemblyman Daniel Van Pelt, Hoboken Mayor Peter Cammarano III, Secaucus Mayor Dennis Elwell and Jersey City Deputy Mayor Leona Beldini. Several rabbis in New York and New Jersey were also arrested. Some were accused of laundering tens of millions of dollars and of black-market trafficking of kidneys and fake Gucci handbags.
    (AP, 7/23/09)(AP, 7/24/09)

2009        Jul 26, In New York a car crash in Briarcliff killed 8 people including 4 children. Diane Schuler (36) was drunk and high on marijuana when she went the wrong way on Taconic State Parkway and crashed into an SUV.
    (SFC, 7/27/09, p.A4)(SFC, 8/5/09, p.A5)

2009        Dec 7, In New York a federal jury convicted Joseph Bruno, a former NY state Senate leader, on 2 counts of corruption.
    (AP, 12/8/09)

2009        Dec 12, In New York state truck driver Thomas Wallace hit a disabled car killing Julie Stratton (33). The car was disabled after hitting a deer. On Sep 1, 2010, Wallace was sentenced to 3-9 years in prison after pleading guilty to 2nd degree murder. His laptop computer was streaming pornography when his rig hit the disabled car.
    (SFC, 9/2/10, p.A6)

2010        Jan 21, New York State police found the body of Dean Pierson (59) in his Copake barn. They said the upstate dairy farmer had shot and killed 51 of his milk cows in his barn before turning the rifle on himself.
    (AP, 1/23/10)

2010        Jan 25, In New York 2 Canadian men who pleaded guilty to conspiring to buy anti-aircraft missiles and other equipment for the Tamil Tigers rebel group in Sri Lanka were sentenced to 25 years in a US prison. Thiruthanikan Thanigasalam (41) and Sahilal Sabaratnam (30) were among four men arrested in Long Island, New York, in 2006 in an FBI sting operation as they tried to buy surface-to-air missiles, missile launchers and hundreds of AK-47 assault rifles to be used against Sri Lankan forces.
    (Reuters, 1/26/10)

2010        Feb 4, The New York Attorney General~ez_rsquo~s filed civil charges against Bank of America and former CEO Ken Lewis for misleading investors about Merrill Lynch before it acquired the Wall Street firm in early 2009.
    (SFC, 2/5/10, p.D4)

2010        Feb 26, An unceasing winter storm unleashed multiple dangers across the Northeast, blasting the coast with hurricane-force winds that fanned a New Hampshire hotel fire, flooding parts of Maine, dropping 2 feet of snow on parts of New York, and cutting power to more than a million homes and businesses.
    (AP, 2/26/10)

2010        Feb 26, New York Gov. David Paterson abandoned his campaign for a full term as state governor.
    (SFC, 2/27/10, p.A5)

2010        Mar 8, The resignation of New York Rep. Eric Massa (50) took effect following an ethics investigation. He had earlier cited health reasons but added that Democratic House leadership forced him out due to his opposition to the House version of the Health Care bill.
    (SFC, 3/9/10, p.A4)

2010        Mar 13, A storm battered parts of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York and Connecticut with gusts of up to 70 mph.
    (AP, 3/14/10)

2010        May 6, In Ramapo, NY, Pro Football Hall of Famer Lawrence Taylor (51) was charged with raping a 16-year-old runaway who police said was forced into prostitution by a man who had beaten her up. Third-degree rape is a charge levied when the victim is under the age of consent, which is 17 in New York.
    (AP, 5/7/10)

2010        May 27, In Utica, NY, Jerome Feldman, a former psychiatrist, was sentenced to over 15 years in jail for duping people out of $400,000 with false promises of organ transplants in the Philippines.
    (SFC, 5/28/10, p.A8)

2010        May 28, A US federal judge in Albany, NY, issued an injunction barring Gov. Paterson from imposing furloughs on about 100,000 state workers and withholding their raises. Unions had argued that the provisions violate the US Constitution.
    (SFC, 5/29/10, p.A4)

2010        May, In Suffolk County, NY, Shannon Gilbert (24), a prostitute, was reported missing after fleeing a client~ez_rsquo~s home in Oak Beach. In December 2011, New York investigators found bones in the wetlands of Long Island and soon identified them as belonging to Gilbert.
    (SSFC, 12/18/11, p.A15)(http://tinyurl.com/8y52x8g)

2010        Jun 26, In Fort Edward, NY, a fire at a 2-story house killed 6 children ages 1-12.
    (SFC, 6/28/10, p.A4)

2010        Aug 14, In New York a shooting outside a restaurant in downtown Buffalo left four people dead and four wounded. Keith Johnson (25) was arrested and charged with 4 counts of 2nd degree murder. Prosecutors soon dropped charges against Johnson following examination of surveillance video. On Aug 25 Riccardo McCray turned himself in and was charged 4 counts of 2nd degree murder.
    (AP, 8/14/10)(SSFC, 8/15/10, p.A10)(SFC, 8/16/10, p.A7)(SFC, 8/26/10, p.A7)

2010        Oct 14, Regulators in New York approved Verizon's request to stop mass-printing residential phone books. There, the company estimates it will save about 3,575 tons of paper per year and conserve the energy associated with printing, binding and distributing the directories. The company's August request with Virginia regulators was estimated to save about 1,640 tons of paper annually.
    (AP, 11/11/10)

2010        Oct 15, US federal authorities aid they have rounded up over 40 people in New York and Florida during a takedown of a wholesale marijuana ring. Agents seized $1 million and almost 200 pounds of marijuana.
    (SFC, 10/16/10, p.A4)

2010        Oct 17, In New York Danroy "D.J." Henry (20), a college football player driving away from the scene of a fight, ended up dead hours after the team's homecoming game, struck in a burst of police gunfire that pierced his windshield in the Westchester County hamlet of Thornwood.
    (AP, 10/19/10)

2010        Nov 14, NY Gov. David Patterson announced an agreement with Phusion Products to stop shipments into NY state of Four Loko, a caffeinated alcoholic drink already banned in 4 states.
    (SFC, 11/15/10, p.A8)

2010        Nov 18, New York Attorney Gen~ez_rsquo~l. Andrew Cuomo filed two lawsuits against Steven Rattner, former head of Pres. Obama~ez_rsquo~s auto task force, alleging he paid kickbacks to obtain $150 million from a large state pension fund to be invested in Quadrangle Group. Rattner agreed to a settlement with the SEC to pay $6.2 million and accept a 2-year ban on associating with any investment advisor or broker dealer.
    (SFC, 11/19/10, p.A7)

2010        Nov 27, New York state police arrested Steven Pieper (21) just hours after searchers found the body of a missing woman, believed to be Jenni-Lyn Watson (20), a Mercyhurst College dance major.
    (SSFC, 11/28/10, p.A14)

2010        Dec 16, New York police scoured a 10-mile stretch of a Long Island beach access road where four bodies were discovered this week.
    (AP, 12/16/10)

2011        Jan 1, Democrat Andrew Cuomo (53) was inaugurated the 56th governor of New York.
    (SSFC, 1/2/11, p.A10)

2011        Feb 1, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo proposed laying off up to 9,800 state workers and cutting billions from education and Medicaid as he laid out his first budget designed to close a $10 billion deficit.
    (Reuters, 2/1/11)(SFC, 2/2/11, p.A4)

2011        Feb 2, A massive storm billed as the worst in decades barreled toward the northeast, leaving vast swaths from Chicago to New York paralyzed by snow and ice.
    (AP, 2/2/11)

2011        Feb 9, New York state Republican Congressman Christopher Lee (46) said he is resigning after the release of e-mails he allegedly sent through an online personals site. The website Gawker hours earlier published an exchanged between the married Lee and an unidentified woman that included a shirtless photo of him.
    (SFC, 2/10/11, p.A4)

2011        Feb 26, In Kingston, NY, a privately owned, vintage military jet crashed into the Hudson River. Divers the next day recovered the body of pilot Michael Faraldi (38).
    (SSFC, 2/27/11, p.A9)(SFC, 2/28/11, p.A5)

2011        Mar 25, NY state information technology workers at the state Division of Housing and Community Renewal hit the jackpot. They won $319 million in the multistate Mega Millions game's fifth-largest prize in its history. Each of the 7 winners will collect a check for $19.1 million, after taxes.
    (AP, 4/1/11)

2011        Apr 4, In NY investigators found 3 more sets of remains at a beach area 45 miles east of NYC bringing  the total number of bodies to 8, all victims of a suspected serial killer.
    (SFC, 4/5/11, p.A6)

2011        Apr 11, New York police found human remains at two more locations at Jones Beach State Park on Long Island, bringing to 10 the number of potential victims of a possible serial killer.
    (SFC, 4/11/11, p.A4)

2011        Apr 12, In New York Lashanda Armstrong drove 3 of her 4 children into the Hudson River in Newburgh following a domestic dispute. Her 10-year-old son survived by crawling out her car window.
    (SFC, 4/13/11, p.A10)(SFC, 4/15/11, p.A8)

2011        May 9, In New York two small planes collided near New Hampton killing two people. Both planes were registered to men from New Jersey.
    (SFC, 5/10/11, p.A6)

2011        May 24, In New York Luke Wright (32) was sentenced to 40 years to life in prison for raping, scalding and torturing his disabled half-sister before their mother killed her last year. An Erie County jury found him guilty last month on 10 criminal counts. Laura Cummings (23) was suffocated by her mother Eva Cummings in the family's North Collins home. She pleaded guilty to second-degree murder last October.
    (AP, 5/25/11)

2011        Jun 6, Under pressure from bloggers and journalists, Representative Anthony Weiner of New York finally admitted he sent inappropriate e-mails to six women he did not know but met via social media. He also admitted to lying about using Twitter to send a suggestive photo of himself to a young woman. He had previously denied sending the photo, claiming his account was hacked. After apologizing to his wife and his constituents for his poor judgment, Weiner said he had no plans to resign from his congressional seat.
            (NYT, 6/6/11)

2011        Jun 8, An increasing number of Democratic and Republican members of congress called for scandal-plagued New York Representative Anthony Weiner to resign. Meanwhile, sources revealed that his wife, Huma Abedin, an aide to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, is pregnant.    
            (AP, 6/8/11)(Reuters, 6/8/11)

2011        Jun 11, Scandal-plagued New York congressman Anthony Weiner, under pressure from the leaders of his party to resign, instead announced he was taking a leave of absence from congress to seek professional help. In a statement Weiner said he hoped that therapy would help him to become ~ez_ldquo~a better husband and a healthier person.~ez_rdquo~
            (Reuters, 6/11/11)
2011        Jun 11, New York~ez_rsquo~s the Belmont Stakes was won by Ruler on Ice, a 24-1 long shot. Favorite Animal Kingdom nearly fell at the beginning of the race and never caught up, finishing fifth. 
            (AP, 6/11/11)

2011        Jun 18, A Cessna 210 crashed down near the Westchester County Airport, NY. The victims were identified as Keith Weiner, the 63-year-old pilot; his wife, Lisa Weiner (51), their daughter Isabel (14) and her friend, Lucy Walsh (14).
    (AP, 6/20/11)

2011        Jun 19, In New York a man fatally shot 4 people in a pharmacy in Medford and then escaped.
    (SFC, 6/20/11, p.A5)

2011        Jun 24, New York became the sixth and largest state in the country to legalize gay marriage, breathing life into the national gay rights movement that had stalled over a nearly identical bill here two years ago. Pending any court challenges, legal gay marriages can begin in NY by late July after Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed his bill into law just before midnight. It would be effective on July 24.
    (AP, 6/25/11)(Econ, 7/2/11, p.22)

2011        Jun, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo brought in a cap on property taxes.
    (Econ, 1/28/12, p.28)

2011        Jul 13, In Salem, NY, 4 people were killed in a blast that destroyed a 2-story house. A 5th person, a baby girl, died the next day. A propane gas leak was suspected.
    (SFC, 7/15/11, p.A7)

2011        Jun 19, In New York David Laffer killed 4 people during a pharmacy robbery in Medford. In September he pleaded guilty to murder charges and his wife, who drove their getaway car, pleaded guilty to robbery.
    (SFC, 6/20/11, p.A5)(SFC, 9/9/11, p.A15)

2011        Jul 24, Wedding fever hit New York, as hundreds of gay and lesbian couples lined up to be married on the first day that same-sex marriage was legal in the state.
    (Reuters, 7/24/11)

2011        Aug 30, Flooding isolated entire towns in Vermont and New York, some communities warily watched swollen rivers and more than a million people from Virginia to Maine lacked electricity, three days after Hurricane Irene churned up the Eastern Seaboard. The storm was blamed for at least 40 deaths in 11 states.
    (AP, 8/30/11)

2011        Sep 8, Tropical Storm Lee dumped heavy rain in the Northeast. The Susquehanna River and its tributaries in New York and Pennsylvania swamped thousands of homes. At least 15 deaths were blamed on the storm and its aftermath: 7 in Pennsylvania, 3 in Virginia, one in Maryland and 4 others when it came ashore on the Gulf Coast a week earlier.
    (SFC, 9/10/11, p.A6)

2011        Sep 19, Jamey Rodemeyer (14), of Williamsville, NY, took his life after what his parents claim was years of bullying because of struggles with his sexuality. On Sep 25 Lady Gaga performed a tribute to Rodemeyer at the iheartradio music festival.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6k7qs22)

2011        Sep 30, Ralph Steinman of Rockefeller University in New York, co-winner of this year's Nobel Prize in medicine, died. His prize was announced Oct 3.
    (AP, 10/3/11)

2011        Oct 29, A snowstorm socked the Northeast US over the weekend, knocking out power to 2.7 million, snarling air and highway travel and dumping more than 2 feet of snow in a few spots as it slowly moved north out of New England. States of emergency were declared in New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts and parts of New York.
    (AP, 10/30/11)

2011        Nov 24, The body of alleged Mafia boss Salvatore Montagna, who US authorities said once led New York's notorious Bonanno crime family, was fished out from a river north of Montreal.
    (AP, 11/25/11)

2012        Mar 28, In New York a dispute over the estate of Brooke Astor, who died in 2007 at age 105, ended with a settlement that freed $100 million for charities and cut half the amount going to the son convicted of bilking her.
    (SFC, 3/29/12, p.A7)

2012        Mar 30, The US government agreed with Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, New York and Pennsylvania to cut red tape and speed up consideration for wind farms in the Great Lakes.
    (SFC, 3/31/12, p.A5)

2012        Jun 13, In Buffalo, NY, Jackie Wisniewski (33), a nursing student, died on the floor of the Erie County Medical Center. Dr. Timothy V. Jorden (49) was sought in connection to the death of his one-time lover. Jorden apparently shot himself dead on June 13. Police found his body on June 15.
    (http://newsone.com/2020827/dr-timothy-jorden-buffalo-ny/)(SFC, 6/16/12, p.A5)

2012        Jun 15, Daredevil Nik Wallenda (33) became the first person to walk across the Niagara Horseshoe Falls on a tightrope. Others have crossed the Niagara River itself, but never over the falls.
    (ABCNews, 6/16/12)

2012        Jun 24, NY Attorney General Eric Schneiderman said that he ahs secured a civil settlement in which hedge fund manager J. Ezra Merkin will reimburse clients $405 million lost in Bernard Madoff~ez_rsquo~s investment scam.
    (SFC, 6/25/12, p.A5)

2012        Aug 6, New York State Department of Financial Services alleged that Standard Chartered PLC schemed with the Iranian government to launder $250 billion from 2001 to 2007.
    (AP, 8/7/12)

2012        Aug 15, Raymond Roth (47) of Massapequa, NY, was taken into custody for faking a drowning to collect as much as $400,000 in life insurance.
    (SFC, 8/16/12, p.A6)

2012        Aug 19, In New York a small plane crashed into a residential street on Long Island killing 2 of the 3 people onboard.
    (SFC, 8/20/12, p.A4)

2012        Sep 29, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger (86), former publisher and chairman of the NY Times (1963-1992), died at his home in Southampton, NY.
    (SSFC, 9/30/12, p.A12)

2012        Sep, A recent report by the Univ. of Illinois at Chicago found that between 1976 and 2012, 2,522 elected New York officials have been convicted of public corruption.
    (Economist, 9/15/12, p.32)

2012        Nov 2, Frustration grew for residents of Northeast states hit by superstorm Sandy as the death toll reached 102, millions were still without power and tempers frayed at a lack of fuel and guidance on when life might return to normal.
    (Reuters, 11/2/12)

2012        Nov 7, A wintry storm dropped snow and rain on the Northeast, bringing dangerous winds and knocking out power in a region where hundreds of thousands were still in the dark after Superstorm Sandy. A mix of rain and snow fell on parts of New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts, causing airport delays.
    (Reuters, 11/7/12)

2012        Nov 8, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo said damages from Superstorm Sandy could total $33 billion. At least 119 American were killed with damages in 15 states. The total bill ran up to $42 billion with $32 billion for repairs and restoration and $9 billion for preventive measures.
    (SFC, 11/9/12, p.A11)(Econ, 11/10/12, p.35)(SFC, 11/27/12, p.A6)

2012        Dec 24, In West Webster, NY, William H. Spengler, Jr. (62) shot and killed two firefighters and seriously injured two others as they responded to a fire at his home. Spengler was convicted in 1981 in the death of his 92-year-old grandmother a year earlier. He served time in prison and was released in 1998. The death toll rose to three as police revealed that a body believed to be the killer's sister, Cheryl Spengler (67), was found in his home. On Dec 28 Dawn Nguyen (24) was arrested and charged in connection with the Christmas Eve ambush.
    (SFC, 12/25/12, p.A9)(AP, 12/25/12)(AP, 12/28/12)

2013        Jan 12, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo declared a public health emergency, giving pharmacists permission to administer flu vaccinations to more people as officials seek to stem the worst flu outbreak in that state in several years.
    (Reuters, 1/12/13)

2013        Jan 15, New York~ez_rsquo~s Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed the NY Safe Act, the nation~ez_rsquo~s toughest gun restrictions and the first since the recent Connecticut school shooting. It included an expanded assault weapon ban and mandatory background checks for buying ammunition.
    (SFC, 1/16/13, p.A6)(Econ, 1/19/13, p.30)

2013        Mar 13, In New York Kurt Myers (64) started a fire in his apartment in Mohawk and then killed two customers in a nearby barbershop. He then drove to nearby Herkimer and killed two more people before holing up in an abandoned building. Myers was killed the next day in an exchange of gunfire with police.
    (SFC, 3/14/13, p.A7)(SFC, 3/15/13, p.A6)

2013        Apr 15, Key measures of New York's tough new gun law kicked in, with owners of firearms now reclassified as assault weapons required to start registering the firearms and new limits on the number of bullets allowed in magazines.
    (AP, 4/15/13)

2013        May 17, In New York  Andrea Rebello (24), a student at Hofstra Univ. was shot and killed after an armed man broke into the home she shared with her twin sister. Gunfire from a police officer killed intruder Dalton Smith (30) and Rebello. 
    (SFC, 5/18/13, p.A6)(SSFC, 5/19/13, p.A7)

2013        May 24, In upstate New York a volunteer Angel Flight crashed killing the pilot and two passengers.
    (SSFC, 5/26/13, p.A10)

2013        Jun 3, Sulejman Mujagic (50), arrested las November in Utica, NY, was extradited to Bosnia-Herzegovina to be tried for alleged war crimes committed in 1995.
    (SFC, 6/4/13, p.A4)

2013        Jun 20, The corporate office of 7-Eleven told its 5,600 franchise owners of the chain's convenience stores that it was requiring an internal review of personnel files after federal authorities seized 14 stores in New York and Virginia this week that employed undocumented workers in a "modern-day plantation system."
    (abcNEWS, 6/20/13)

2013        Jul 30, A New York sate appeals court ruled that NYC~ez_rsquo~s Board of health exceeded its legal authority when it voted last year to put a 16-ounce size limit on high calorie soft drinks.
    (SFC, 7/31/13, p.A6)

2013        Sep 16, Glafira Rosales, a Long Island art dealer, pleaded guilty to charges of wire fraud, money laundering and tax evasion. She admitted to having fooled two local commercial art galleries in to buying 63 forged works of art for more than $30 million over the past 15 years.
    (Econ, 9/21/13, p.12)(http://tinyurl.com/lkxwn8g)

2013        Nov 7, The US National Toy Hall of Fame in Rochester, NY, inducted the rubber duck and the game of chess.
    (SFC, 11/8/13, p.A7)

2013        Dec 23, Over 390,000 homes and businesses were without power in Michigan, New York and northern New England. In Maine over 78,000 people were without power. The weekend storm left at least 11 people dead.
    (SFC, 12/24/13, p.A5)

2013        Dec 24, In upstate New York 2 firefighters were killed in an ambush after William Spengler Jr. shot his sister and set fire to his West Webster home. Spengler wounded two other firefighters before committing suicide. In 2014 Dawn Nguyen was sentenced to eight years in prison for buying the guns for Spengler.
    (SFC, 9/18/14, p.A6)

2013        Dec 30, The US FAA selected six states (Alaska, Nevada, New York, North Dakota, Texas and Virginia) to test how drones can be more widely used in US airspace. 24 states had competed for selection.
    (SFC, 12/31/13, p.A6)

2014        Mar 19, In NY state Tonawanda Coke Corp. was fined $12.5 million for illegally releasing carcinogen benzene into the air and improperly handling hazardous sludge.
    (SFC, 3/20/14, p.A6)
2014        Mar 19, IBM said it is teaming up with the New York Genome Center to help fight brain cancer. IBM said its Watson cloud computing system will be used in partnership with the genetic research center to help sequence DNA for the treatment of glioblastoma, the most common type of brain cancer in US adults.
    (SFC, 3/20/14, p.C2)

2014        Apr 28, Six environmental advocates won this year's Goldman Prize. India's Ramesh Agrawal received the prize for helping villagers fight a large coal mine in Chhattisgarh state. American lawyer Helen Slottje received the award for helping communities fight fracking in New York State. Peru's Ruth Buendia was recognized for helping to prevent construction of two large dams that would have displaced nearly 10,000 indigenous people in the Peruvian Amazon. Russian zoologist Suren Gazaryan won for defending protected areas around Sochi from illegal land seizures for Olympic construction projects. South Africa's Desmond D'Sa won for helping to close down one of the country's largest toxic waste dumps. Indonesian biologist Rudi Putra won for helping to shutter 26 illegal palm oil plantations that were causing deforestation in northern Sumatra.
    (AP, 4/28/14)

2014        May 31, In NY Mufid Elfgeeh, a naturalized US citizen from Yemen, was arrested after federal prosecutors said he bought two unregistered guns from an FBI informant. Investigators said he plotted to kill returning US troops for American actions overseas and Shiite Muslims over the civil war in Syria. In July a fire destroyed his boarded-up restaurant in Rochester. In 2003 his uncle Abad Elfgeeh was arrested in Brooklyn on suspicions of deep involvement in a terrorism network in Yemen.
    (AP, 7/14/14)(http://tinyurl.com/of7pfd7)

2014        Jun 6, Karen DeCrow (b.1937), former head of NOW (1974-1977), the National Organization for Women, died at her home in Jamesville, NY.
    (SFC, 6/9/14, p.C4)

2014        Jun 8, In Elmont, New York, Tonalist edged Commissioner to win the Belmont Stakes. California Chrome, winner of the Kentucky Derby and Preakness, tied for 4th place.
    (SSFC, 6/8/14, p.A10)

2014        Jun 13, Dr. Richard Rockefeller (65) of Falmouth, Maine, crashed in a single-engine plane just after takeoff from Westchester County Airport outside NYC. He was the great-grandson of John  D. Rockefeller, the co-founder of Standard Oil.
    (SFC, 6/14/14, p.A4)

2014        Jun, In NY Mufid Elfgeeh, a naturalized US citizen from Yemen, was arrested after federal prosecutors said he bought two unregistered guns from an FBI informant. Investigators said he plotted to kill returning US troops for American actions overseas and Shiite Muslims over the civil war in Syria. In July a fire destroyed his boarded-up restaurant in Rochester.
    (AP, 7/14/14)

2014        Jul 8, US East Coast states experienced severe storms and high winds. 4 people were killed in New York and one in Maryland. CNN reported nearly 500,000 homes and businesses without power, mostly in Pennsylvania and New York state.
    (AP, 7/9/14)

2014        Jul 29, The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said cases of chikungunya virus, a painful, mosquito-borne disease that has spread rapidly through the Caribbean in recent months, spiked higher in New York and New Jersey in the past week. The number of cases in New Jersey more than doubled to 25, while New York has recorded 44 cases.
    (Reuters, 7/31/14)

2014        Aug 9, Three-time NASCAR champion Tony Stewart struck and killed sprint car driver Kevin Ward Jr., who had climbed from his car and was on the darkened dirt track trying to confront Stewart during a race in upstate New York.
    (AP, 8/10/14)

2014        Nov 20, In western New York snow-bound residents awoke to as much as another foot of accumulation with possibly another 30 inches expected. A freakish storm swept off the Great Lakes on Nov 18 and after 3 days deposited 7 feet of snow and more and left at least 12 people dead.
    (Reuters, 11/20/14)(SFC, 11/22/14, p.A5)

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End of file.