Timeline Ohio

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http://www.50states.com/ohio.htm
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http://ajr.newslink.org/ohnews.html
Ohio city links:
http://www.50states.com/city/ohio.htm
Ohio Historical Society:
http://www.ohiohistory.org/

  Ohio is the only state to have a flag shaped like a pennant.
 (SFEC, 4/25/99, Z1 p.8)
  The state motto is "With God, all things are possible." In 2001 a US court of Appeals ruled that the motto is constitutionally acceptable.
 (SFC, 3/17/01, p.A3)

450Mil BC    Cincinnati at this time was covered by a sea, 100 to 200 feet deep. Primitive shellfish lived in it. But no fish. In 2011 a mysterious 150-pound fossil, more than 6 feet long and 3 feet wide, was recovered in northern Kentucky and dated to about this time.
    (AP, 4/25/12)

8000BC    Mastodons roamed over Ohio. In 1887 Newton S. Conway discovered the skeleton of a mastodon on his farm on the Clark-Champaign County line. It became known as the Conway Mastodon.
    (SSFC, 1/9/11, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/2ecv34t)

1749        Nov 2, The English Ohio Trade Company formed its 1st trade post.
    (MC, 11/2/01)

1753        Oct, Robert Dinwiddie, governor of Virginia, called a meeting to discuss the eviction of British settlers from homesteads west of the Appalachian Mountains by French soldiers from Canada. Major George Washington volunteered to deliver a letter of trespass to French authorities in the Ohio Valley.
    (ON, 9/05, p.1)

1753        Dec 12, George Washington, the adjutant of Virginia, delivered an ultimatum to the French forces at Fort Le Boeuf, south of Lake Erie, reiterating Britain~ez_rsquo~s claim to the entire Ohio river valley.
    (HN, 12/12/98)

1753        Dec 14, French Captain Jacques Le Gardeur rejected the pretensions of the English to ownership of the Ohio Valley, but promised to forward Virginia Gov. Dinwiddie~ez_rsquo~s letter of trespass to his superiors in Canada.
    (ON, 9/05, p.2)

1754        Jan 6, Major George Washington, while returning to Virginia, encountered a party of English settlers and militiamen at Will~ez_rsquo~s Creek sent by Gov. Dinwiddie to establish a fort and trading post at the Forks of the Ohio.
    (ON, 9/05, p.2)

1754        Apr 2, A small expeditionary force of 159 men under Lt. Col. George Washington arrived at Will~ez_rsquo~s Creek and learned that the French had taken over the new Fort Prince George at the Forks of the Ohio from British soldiers and frontiersmen and renamed it Fort Duquesne.
    (ON, 9/05, p.2)

1763        May 7, Indian chief Pontiac began his attack on a British fort in present-day Detroit, Michigan. Ottawa Chief Pontiac led an uprising in the wild, distant lands that later became Michigan, Ohio and Pennsylvania.
    (HN, 7/24/98)(HN, 5/7/99)

1768        Nov 5, William Johnson, the northern Indian Commissioner, signed a treaty with the Iroquois Indians to acquire much of the land between the Tennessee and Ohio rivers for future settlement.
    (HN, 11/5/98)

1774        Sep 26, John Chapman (d.1845), later known as Johnny Appleseed, was born in Massachusetts.  A pioneer agriculturalist of early America, Chapman began his trek in 1797, collecting apple seedlings from western Pennsylvania and establishing apple nurseries around the early American frontier. Chapman was a Swedenborgian missionary, a land speculator, a heavy drinker and an eccentric dresser (he hated shoes and seldom wore them. He planted orchards across western Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Indiana from seed.
    (www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=94)(T&L, 10/1980, p.42)(HNQ, 9/4/01)(ON, 4/09, p.10)

1777        George Washington led a campaign against the British and their Iroquois allies in Pennsylvania, New York, and the Ohio country. These included the Six Nations Indians: Mohawk, Cayuga, Onondaga, Seneca, Oneida, and Tuscarora. In 2005 Glenn F. Williams published ~ez_ldquo~The Year of the Hangman: George Washington~ez_rsquo~s Campaign Against the Iroquois.
    (WSJ, 7/26/05, p.D8)

1782        Mar 8, The Gnadenhutten massacre took place as some 90 Christian Delaware Indians were slain by militiamen in Ohio in retaliation for raids carried out by other Indians.
    (AP, 3/8/98)(AH, 4/07, p.14)

1785        Jan 21, Chippewa, Delaware, Ottawa and Wyandot Indians signed a treaty of Fort McIntosh, ceding present-day Ohio to the United States.
    (HN, 1/21/99)

1790        May 26, Territory South of River Ohio was created by Congress.
    (AP, 5/26/98)

1794        Aug 20, American General "Mad Anthony" Wayne defeated the Ohio Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in the Northwest territory, ending Indian resistance in the area.
    (HN, 8/20/98)

1796        Jul 22, Cleveland, Ohio, was founded by Gen. Moses Cleaveland. Moses Cleaveland came to where the city of Cleveland now sits and surveyed the land. After three months he returned to Connecticut. The city bears his name.
    (SFC, 6/2/96, T10)(AP, 7/22/97)

1803        Feb 19, Congress voted to accept Ohio's borders and constitution. However, Congress did not get around to formally ratifying Ohio statehood until 1953.
    (AP, 2/19/98)

1803         Mar 1, Ohio became the 17th state.
    (HN, 3/1/98)

1804        Jan 5, Ohio legislature passed the 1st laws restricting free blacks movement. [see Mar 28]
    (MC, 1/5/02)

1804        Mar 28, Ohio passed law restricting movement of Blacks. [see Jan 5]
    (MC, 3/28/02)

1806        Nov 16, Moses Cleaveland (52), the land surveyor for whom the city of Cleveland is named, died in Canterbury, Conn.
    (AP, 11/16/06)

1808        Jun 1, The first US land-grant university was founded-Ohio Univ., Athens, Ohio.
    (DT internet 6/1/97)

1814        Jul 22, Five Indian tribes in Ohio made peace with the United States and declared war on Britain.
    (HN, 7/22/98)

1814        Dec 19, Edwin McMasters Stanton, US Secretary of War (1861-65), was born in Ohio.
    (MC, 12/19/01)

1815        Oct 29, Daniel Decatur Emmett, the composer of "Dixie," which became the unofficial national anthem of the Confederacy during the American Civil War, was born in Mount Vernon, Ohio. Organizer of one of the first minstrel shows, "Dixie" was written in 1859 as a concluding number, or "walk-around," for a minstrel show. Emmett died on June 28, 1904.
    (HNQ, 3/21/99)

1818        The Libbey Glass Co. of Toledo, Ohio, was founded as the New England Glass Company by Edward Drummond Libbey. Libbey collected glass "through the ages" in a museum for the inspiration his workers. In 1999 it was a division of Owens-Illinois.
    (SFC, 3/31/99, Z1 p.6)(WSJ, 10/19/01, p.W15)

1822        Apr 27, Ulysses S. Grant (d.1885), general and 18th U.S. president (1869-1877), was born in Point Pleasant [Hiram], Ohio.
    (AP, 4/27/97)(HN, 4/27/02)

1822        Oct 4, Rutherford B. Hayes, the 19th president (R) of the United States, was born in Delaware, Ohio. Hayes was a major-general in the Civil War, then an Ohio congressman, then succeeded Grant as president (1877-81). Hayes won the Electoral College by a margin of one vote after his opponent won the popular vote in an election so fraught with charges of vote fraud that there were even fears of a coup.  Hayes refused to seek a second term.
    (AP, 10/4/97)(HN, 10/4/98)(MC, 10/3/01)

1823        John Rankin, Presbyterian minister, moved to Ripley, Ohio, and soon established the Ripley Line of the underground railroad. In 2003 Ann Hagedorn authored "Beyond the River: The Untold Story of the Heroes of the Underground Railroad." In 2005 Fergus M. Bordewich authored ~ez_ldquo~Bound for Canaan,~ez_rdquo~ a look at the people involved in the UR operations.
    (WSJ, 1/30/03, p.D8)(WSJ, 3/29/05, p.D6)

1827        Feb 28, The first U.S. railroad chartered to carry passengers and freight, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Co., was incorporated.
    (AP, 2/28/98)

1827        Aug 10, There were race riots in Cincinnati and some 1,000 blacks left for Canada.
    (MC, 8/10/02)

1830        Nicholas Longworth planted a Catawba grape vineyard near Cincinnati. He was later hailed as the 1st to successfully raise vinifera grapes in the US. [see Kentucky 1799]
    (WSJ, 11/24/00, p.W8)

1831        Nov 19, James A. Garfield (d.1881) the 20th Pres. of the US, was born in Orange Township, Ohio.
    (WUD, 1994, p.584)(AP, 11/19/08)

1831         The Ohio city of Cincinnati became known as "Pork polis". Strategically located on the banks of the Ohio River, Cincinnati gained the nickname because it was then America~ez_lsquo~s greatest meat packing center.
    (HNQ, 3/16/00)

1832        Mar 24, Mormon founder, martyr Joseph Smith was beaten, tarred and feathered in Ohio.
    (MC, 3/24/02)

1833        Aug 20, Benjamin Harrison, the 23rd president of the United States (1889-1893) and grandson of President William Henry Harrison, was born in North Bend, Ohio.
    (HN 8/20/97)(AP, 8/20/99)(MC, 8/20/02)

1833        Dec 3, Oberlin College in Ohio, the first truly coeducational school of higher learning in the United States, opened its doors.
    (AP, 12/3/98)

1835        Ohio and Michigan engaged in ~ez_ldquo~The Toledo War~ez_rdquo~ (1835~ez_ndash~1836), also known as the Ohio-Michigan War, a bloodless boundary dispute that was settled in 1836.
    (WSJ, 5/31/08, p.W9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toledo_War)

1836        Mar 27, The first Mormon temple was dedicated, in Kirtland, Ohio.
    (AP, 3/27/97)(HN, 3/27/98)(NW, 9/10/01, p.48)

1837        Jul 31, William Clarke Quantrill (d.1865), Confederate guerrilla leader, was born at Canal Dover, Ohio.
            (www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/QQ/fqu3.html)

1837        Sep 6, The Oberlin Collegiate Institute of Ohio went co-educational.
    (AP, 9/6/97)(http://tinyurl.com/lcgnj)

1837        Conflicts broke up the Mormon communities in Missouri and Ohio.
    (NW, 9/10/01, p.48)

1837        The Procter & Gamble Company was formed in Cincinnati, Ohio. William Procter and James A. Gamble built a business manufacturing soap and candles from the tallow produced by the city~ez_rsquo~s thriving meat packing industry. In 2004 Davis Dyer, Frederick Dalzell and Rowena Olegario authored ~ez_ldquo~Rising Tide,~ez_rdquo~ a history of Procter and Gamble.
    (WSJ, 1/15/97, p.A12)(WSJ, 7/23/04, p.W12)(Econ, 8/11/07, p.61)

1838        Sep 23, Victoria Chaflin Woodhull (d.1927), American presidential candidate (1872), was born into a family of charlatans in Ohio. Woodhull, a militant suffragist, advocated free love and was Wall Street's first female broker after attracting Cornelius Vanderbilt. She was the first woman to address Congress. Her story is documented in ~ez_ldquo~The Woman Who Ran for President: The Many Lives of Victoria Woodhull~ez_rdquo~ by Lois Beachy Underhill. In 1998 Mary Gabriel published "Notorious Victoria: The Life of Victoria Woodhull, Uncensored. In 1998 Barbara Goldsmith published "Other Powers--The Age of Suffrage, Spiritualism and the Scandalous Victoria Woodhull."
    (WSJ, 7/25/95, p.A-10)(SFEC, 2/22/98, BR p.5)(SFEC, 3/8/98, Par p.14)(HNPD, 4/28/00)

1838        Amid rising debts and rumors of polygamy, the Mormons moved from Ohio to Far West, Mo., where they clashed violently with other settlers. [see 1839]
    (SFC, 4/9/96, A-7)

1838        The Buckeye Brewing Co. of Toledo, Ohio, began operations. Green Seal Select Beer was one of their early brands. The company continued until 1972.
    (SFC, 2/13/08, p.G8)

1841-1921    Of the 11 U.S. presidents serving between 1841 and 1921, seven of them were born in Ohio. The presidents and their places of birth were: Ulysses S. Grant, Point Pleasant; Rutherford B. Hayes, Delaware; James A. Garfield, Orange; Benjamin Harrison, North Bend; William McKinley, Niles; William H. Taft, Cincinnati; Warren G. Harding, Morrow County. These were the only Ohio-born presidents. Three of them, Garfield, McKinley and Harding died in office. Four of the seven presidents hailing from Ohio died while in office. They were William Henry Harrison, the 9th president, who died one month after his inauguration in 1841; the 20th president, James Garfield, who was assassinated in 1881; William McKinley, the 25th president, who was assassinated in 1901; and Warren G.  Harding, who died suddenly in 1923.
    (HNQ, 5/9/98)(HNQ, 6/7/99)

1842        Jun 24, Ambrose Bierce (d.1914), American writer, satirist, was born in Meigs County, Ohio..
    (HN, 6/24/98)(SFEC, 11/8/98, BR p.3)(AP, 6/24/99)

1843        Jan 29, The 25th president of the United States, William McKinley, was born in Niles, Ohio. McKinley was the last Civil War veteran to serve as President of the United States. He had served with the 23rd Regiment, Ohio Volunteers, eventually rising to the rank of brevet major. He saw action at South Mountain, Antietam, Winchester and Cedar Creek. For a time he served on Rutherford B. Hayes' staff. McKinley was elected the 25th president in 1896. He led the country in the Spanish-American War. He died in Buffalo, New York, on September 14, 1901, after being shot by an anarchist assassin on September 6.
    (AP, 1/29/98)(HNQ, 11/13/98)

1843         Jun 1, It snowed in Buffalo and Rochester N.Y., and also in Cleveland Ohio.
    (DT internet 6/1/97)

1847        Feb 11, American inventor Thomas Alva Edison was born in Milan, Ohio. He was the inventor of the first electric light bulb and pioneer of the motion picture industry. He also Invented at least 1,300 other items.
    (HN, 2/11/97)(AP, 2/11/97)

1847         Dec 16, Mary Catherwood (d.1901), American novelist, was born in Luray, Ohio. "Next to the slanderer, we detest the bearer of the slander to our ears."
    (http://ntweb1.cpl.org/ocb/index.php?q=node/11&id=149)(AP, 6/9/97)

1847        Richard Mitchell (1811-1899) and Frederick Rammelsberg (1814-1863) founded Mitchell & Rammelsberg to manufacture furniture in Cincinnati, Ohio.
    (SFC, 12/19/07, p.G5)(http://witherells.com/inventory/popup/hatrack1.htm)

1847-1852    Durfee~ez_rsquo~s Knickerbocker root beer was bottled in Rochester, New York, during this period. Durfee used a 12-sided bottle in Ohio and New York. In 2008 the bottles were valued at about $125.
    (SFC, 3/26/08, p.G3)

1848        Jul 27, In Ohio the foundation stone for the Burnet House hotel was laid in Cincinnati. Before 1802 the site was occupied by an Indian mound. From 1802-1825 it was occupied by the estate of Judge Jacob Burnet (1770-1853). Jacob~ez_rsquo~s half-brother David G. Burnet was the first president of the Republic of Texas.
    (http://tinyurl.com/kr55wul)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Burnet)

1848        Joseph Hall founded Hall~ez_rsquo~s Safe & Lock Co. in Cincinnati, Ohio.
    (SFC, 8/16/06, p.G7)

1848        The W.C. Davis Co. was founded in Cincinnati, Ohio, to manufacture cast-iron stoves and cookware. In 1880 the factory was enlarged and the name was changed to Favorite Stove Works. A new owner, William King Boal, moved the firm to Piqua in 1889. In 1934 the company went out of business and sold the Favorite cookware line to Chicago Hardware Foundry Co.
    (SFC, 1/10/07, p.G3)

c1850        Jan 30, Charles Steingraff (50), a bachelor farmhand, was hanged in Ohio for the murder of a deaf and blind, 12-year-old girl. An estimated 25,000 spectators watched the execution.
    (ON, 10/02, p.3)

1850        Apr, The side-wheel steamship General Anthony Wayne sank  in 50 feet of water in lake Erie about eight miles north of Vermilion, Ohio. 38 of the 93 passengers and crew on board died. The wreckage was discovered in 2007.
    (AP, 6/21/07)

1850        Cincinnati, the largest meat-packing center in the United States at that time, earned the name Porkopolis.
    (HNQ, 10/15/00)

1850s        In Cincinnati abolitionist Nicholas Longworth hired Robert Scott Duncanson to paint 8 large murals in his home. The murals were covered by wallpaper by 1869 and not uncovered until 1931. The house and a large art collection were given to the city by Charles and Anna Taft around 1928.
    (WSJ, 8/8/00, p.A20)

1851        Jan 25, Sojourner Truth addressed the 1st Black Women's Rights Convention in Akron. [see May 28, 1851]
    (MC, 1/25/02)

1851        May 28, Freed slave and abolitionist Sojourner Truth attended a national women's convention in Akron, Ohio, where the female delegates were heckled by men in the audience who claimed that men were superior to women. Frances Gage, president of the convention, recorded Sojourner Truth's words that day. "Dat man ober dar say dat women needs to be helped into carriages and lifted ober ditches, and to hab de best place everywhar. Nobody eber helps me into carriages, or ober mud-puddles, or gibs me any best place! And ain't I a woman! Look at me! Look at my arm! I have ploughed, and planted and gathered into barns, and no man could head me! And ain't I a woman? I could work as much and eat as much as a man--when I could get it--and bear de lash as well! And ain't I a woman? I have borne thirteen chilern, and seen 'em mos' all sold into slavery, and when I cried out with my mother's grief, none but Jesus heard me! And ain't I a woman?" Sojourner Truth's words, according to Gage, "turned the sneers and jeers of an excited crowd into notes of respect and admiration."
    (SFC, 3/30/97, Z1 p.6)(HN, 7/13/99)(MC, 5/28/02)

1851        Simon Lazarus, a rabbinical scholar from Germany, opened a dry-goods store in Columbus, Ohio. The operation grew to become F&R Lazarus, after the names of his sons, who in 1929 created the Federated Dept. Store chain. The downtown Columbus store closed in 2004.
    (WSJ, 5/19/07, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_Lazarus)

1852        Mar 29, Ohio made it illegal for children under 18 and women to work more than 10 hours a day.
    (MC, 3/29/02)

1852        Aug 20, The steamer "Atlantic" collided on Lake Erie with the fishing boat Ogdensburg, and sank. An estimated 150-250 people were drowned.
    (MC, 8/20/02)(Internet)

1852        Dec 30, Future U.S. president Rutherford B. Hayes married Lucy Ware Webb in Cincinnati.
    (AP, 12/30/02)

1853        Apr 1, Cincinnati, Ohio, established a fire department made up of paid city employees.
    (AP, 4/1/07)

1853        Isaac Knowles founded a pottery firm in East Liverpool, Ohio. In 1870 the name was changed to Knowles, Taylor and Knowles to reflect expanded ownership.
    (SFC, 3/26/08, p.G3)

1854        Dr. George W. L. Bickley, a Virginian who had moved to Ohio, organized the first "castle," or local branch, of the Knights of the Golden Circle in Cincinnati and soon took the order to the South, where it was enthusiastically received. Its principal object was to provide a force to colonize the northern part of Mexico and thus extend proslavery interests, and the Knights became especially active in Texas. The Knights of the Golden Circle was a secret society organized in the 1850s in the American Midwest that promoted the extension of slavery. During the American Civil War the society sympathized with the Confederacy, encouraged desertion in the Union Army, resisted enlistment and interfered with the draft. At its peak there were some 200,000 members. It changed its name to the Order of American Knights in 1863 and in 1864 to the Sons of Liberty.  Northern authorities arrested many members in 1864 and sentenced to death three of its leaders. The death sentences were later suspended, the leaders ordered released in 1866 by the Supreme Court.
    http://www.dev.infoplease.com/ce5/CE028675.html
    (HNQ, 8/2/99)

1856        Feb 19, Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith in Gambier, Ohio.
    (MC, 2/19/02)

1857        Apr 18, Clarence S. Darrow, defense attorney at the Scopes monkey trial, was born near Kinsman, Ohio.
    (AP, 4/18/07)

1857        Aug 24, The New York branch of the Ohio Life Insurance and Trust Co. failed, sparking the Panic of 1857. The sharp but short 1857-58 financial crash in the US was touched off by the failure of the New York branch of the Ohio Life Insurance and Trust Company. Over speculation in real estate and railroad securities fed the panic. Financial crashes spread to Liverpool, Glasgow, Paris, Hamburg, Copenhagen and Vienna.
    (AP, 8/24/07)(WSJ, 9/28/95c, p.A-18)(Econ, 4/12/14, p.51)

1857        Sep 15, William Howard Taft, 26th president of the United States and as chief justice, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio. He is most remembered for his "dollar diplomacy."
    (AP, 9/15/97)(HN, 9/15/99)

1859        A law banning the carrying of concealed weapons was passed in Ohio.
    (http://tinyurl.com/d337x96)
1859        Gustave Stomps (1827-1890), a German immigrant, founded a furniture company in Dayton, Ohio. The Stomps Burkhardt Co. of Dayton operated from 1890 to 1928.
    (SFC, 9/19/07, p.G6)

1860        Aug 13, Annie Oakley (d.1926), sharp-shooter and entertainer, was born in Darke County, Ohio, as Phoebe Anne Oakley Mozee (Mosey). She became a markswoman and toured with the Buffalo Bill Wild West Show.
    (WUD, 1994, p.992)(SFEC, 8/3/97, Z1 p.2)(HN, 8/14/98)

1860-1865    The 23d Ohio, a volunteer regiment during the American Civil War, included two future presidents and an army commander. The volunteer citizen army that fought the Civil War for the North was one of the most remarkable military assemblages in history. The 23d Ohio contained among its commanding and ranking officers more names that would become famous than any other regiment in the Northern armies.
    (HNQ, 4/9/01)

1861        Apr 20, Thaddeus Lowe landed in South Carolina only to be surrounded by a group of incredulous Carolinians who believed he was a spy. Lowe managed to persuade the crowd that his 500-mile trip from Cincinnati, Ohio, was merely an innocent aerial journey to test his strange craft. He later tried to convince the Union to use his skill as a balloonist.
    (HNQ, 4/5/01)(ON, 2/05, p.7)

1862        Mar 24, Abolitionist Wendell Phillips spoke to a crowd about emancipation in Cincinnati, Ohio and was pelted by eggs.
    (HN, 3/24/00)

1862        Sep 17, Sgt. William McKinley and a single volunteer drove a wagon of hot coffee and warm food through Confederate fire at Antietam to the men of the 23rd Ohio regiment. Col. Rutherford B. Hayes promoted him to lieutenant for his bravery and initiative.
    (WSJ, 12/12/03, p.W9)

1862        Mary Jane Patterson (1840-1894) received a degree from Oberlin College, Ohio, becoming the 1st black female college graduate in the US.
    (SSFC, 2/15/04, p.C6)

1862-1906    Bitters bottles were manufactured in Tiffin, Ohio and Omaha, Neb. to hold "American Life Bitters," an alcoholic concoction of herbs and gin that was marketed as medicine.
    (SFC, 6/3/98, Z1 p.6)

1863        Jul 26, In the Battle of Salineville, Ohio, John Hunt Morgan and 364 troops surrendered. Confederate Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan and his cavalrymen were captured during their daring raid into Ohio. Conditions for Confederate soldiers housed in the Ohio State Penitentiary in Columbus improved after General Morgan sent a written complaint to the Buckeye State~ez_rsquo~s governor, David Todd. The Confederates were placed in the dark, dank stone prison, where they were subject to harsh punishment and forced to live on bread and water. Todd visited the prison after receiving Morgan~ez_rsquo~s letter, and soon afterward reforms were instituted to improve living conditions. Morgan did not stay to savor the improvements, though. In November 1863, he and six other Confederate officers escaped.
    (HNQ, 9/20/01)(MC, 7/26/02)

1863        Dec 9, Major General John G. Foster replaced Major General Ambrose E. Burnside as Commander of the Department of Ohio.
    (HN, 12/9/98)

1865        Nov 2, Warren Gamaliel Harding, the 29th president of the United States (1921-29), was born near Corsica, Ohio. Harding was owner and publisher of the Marion Star.
    (SFEC, 1/12/97,  zone 3 p.4)(AP, 11/2/97)(HNQ, 10/21/98)

1866        Feb 21, Lucy B. Hobbs became the first woman to graduate from a dental school, the Ohio College of Dental Surgery in Cincinnati.
    (AP, 2/21/98)

1867        Apr 16, Wilbur Wright (d.1912), aeronautical inventor, was born in Dayton, Ohio.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wright_brothers)

1867        Jun 25, The 1st barbed wire was patented by Lucien B. Smith of Ohio. [see Illinois, Oct 27, 1873]
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1867        Denton True Young (Cy Young, d.1955), baseball pitching star, was born near Gilmore, Ohio. Cy was short for cyclone.
    (AH, 10/01, p.20)

1868        May 31, The 1st Memorial Day parade was held in Ironton, Ohio.
    (MC, 5/31/02)
1868        May 30, Memorial Day began when two women placed flowers on both Confederate and Union graves. Memorial Day, which began in 1868 as Decoration Day, was set aside to remember those who have died in the service of their country. Celebrated on May 30 for the first 100 years, Memorial Day was officially changed to the last Monday in May in 1968.
    (HN, 5/30/98)(HNPD, 5/31/99)

1868        The "Ohio Idea," promulgated by Ohio congressman George Pendleton, called for payment of the national debt with greenbacks.  This position was adopted by the Democrats at their 1868 convention. The "Ohio Idea" was in opposition to the "hard money" proponents who called for payments in gold. The 1869 Public Credit Act officially repudiated the "Ohio Idea" with its provision for the payment of government obligations in gold.
    (HNQ, 5/14/99)

1869        Mar 15, Cincinnati Red Stockings became the 1st pro baseball team.
    (MC, 3/15/02)

1869        Dec 28, William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patented chewing gum.
    (MC, 12/28/01)
              
1869        Sep 22, The Cincinnati Red Stockings, the first professional baseball team, arrived in San Francisco after a rollicking, barnstorming tour of the West.
    (HN, 9/22/98)

1870        Jan 10, John D. Rockefeller (1839-1937) and his brother William incorporated the Standard Oil Company of Ohio. The original Standard Oil Company, founded by John D. Rockefeller and three partners in 1870, was incorporated in the state of Ohio.
    (WSJ, 7/15/97, p.A16)(AP, 1/10/98)(HN, 1/10/99)(HNQ, 1/23/00)

1870        The pottery firm Knowles, Taylor and Knowles began operations in East Liverpool, Ohio, and continued to 1931. They were best known for their Lotus Ware (1891-1898).
    (SFC, 3/14/07, p.G2)

1870s        Merman Bros., a producer of tables in reproduction style, was founded in Ottoville, Ohio. It later moved to Celina, Ohio, and closed in 1995.
    (SFC, 7/27/05, p.G2)

1871        Aug 19, Orville Wright (d.1948), aviation pioneer, was born in Dayton, Oh. His birthday is celebrated as National Aviation Day.
    (HN, 8/19/00)(WUD, 1994, p.1647)(MC, 8/19/02)

1872        Jun 27, Paul Laurence Dunbar, African-American poet and writer, was born in Dayton, Ohio. His poems include "Oak and Ivory" and "Majors and Minors."
    (HN, 6/27/99)(SC, 6/27/02)

1872        The Ransom and Randolph Co. was founded in Ohio for the manufacture of supplies to dentists, doctors and barbers.
    (SFC, 8/24/05, p.G6)

1874        Jan 29, John David Rockefeller Jr (d.1960), philanthropist, was born in Cleveland, Ohio.
    (MC, 1/29/02)

1874        Cleveland set up the first ordinary electric street trolley.
    (SFC, 7/19/97, p.E4)

1876        Apr 25, The Chicago White Stockings (later Chicago Cubs) beat Louisville 4-0 (1st NL shutout) in the 1st NL game. Albert G. Spalding (1850-1915), former pitcher for the Boston Red Stocking, had joined the Chicago White Stockings after helping form the new National League. His move effectively ended the National Association, baseball~ez_rsquo~s first professional league. Spalding managed the White Stockings from 1876-1877 and continued as a player to 1878.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yb7u9ou)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Spalding)

1876        Aug 29, Charles F. Kettering, inventor (automobile self-starter), was born in Ohio.
    (MC, 8/29/01)

1876        Sep 13, Sherwood Anderson (d.1941), author, poet and publisher (Winesburg), was born in Winesburg, Ohio. "Sometimes I think we Americans are the loneliest people in the world. To be sure, we hunger for the power of affection, the self-acceptance that gives life. It is the oldest and strongest hunger in the world. But hungering is not enough."
    (AP, 9/28/00)(MC, 9/13/01)

1876        Dec 29, In the Ashtabula train disaster a Pacific Express, carrying some 159 passengers and crew, was traveling over a bridge near Ashtabula, Ohio. Only the first engine of the train made it to the other side at 7:28 p.m. as the bridge began to collapse. The rest of the train broke away and plummeted to the bottom of the ravine below. Approximately 92 men, women and children were killed. The bridge was owned by the Lake Shore and Michigan railroad, and was the joint creation of Charles Collins, Engineer, and Amasa Stone, Chief Architect and Designer. After testifying before an investigative jury, Charles Collins quietly went home and shot himself in the head. He was also buried in the Chestnut Grove Cemetery, several feet from the mass grave. Amasa Stone (1818-1883) committed suicide approximately 7 years later.  Stone was held partly responsible for the disaster by the same investigative jury before which Collins had testified, and was publicly scorned for many years.
    (http://deadohio.com/AshTrain.htm)

1876        James Garfield, US president assassinated in 1881, purchased his Lawnfield home in Mentor, Ohio. In 1936 the home was donated to the Western Reserve Historical Society.
    (SFC, 2/11/04, p.F10)

1876        John Danner (b.1823) of Canton, Ohio, invented and patented a revolving bookcase. His John Danner Mfg. Co. soon expanded to produce drug cases, cabinets and store stools.
    (SFC, 12/21/05, p.G6)
1876        In Dayton, Ohio, the Royal Remedy and Extract Co. was founded by Irvin Souders. The company was incorporated in 1888  and introduced Sweet Wheat chewing gum in 1889.
    (SFC, 3/12/08, p.G4)

1877        Lafcadio Hearn (1850-1904), Irish-American travel writer, left Cincinnati for New Orleans, Louisiana, where he initially wrote dispatches on his discoveries in the "Gateway to the Tropics" for the Cincinnati Commercial. He lived in New Orleans for nearly a decade, writing first for the Daily City Item and later for the Times Democrat.
    (Econ, 8/28/10, p.26)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lafcadio_Hearn)

1878        Nov 2, Edward Scripps (1854-1926) and John Scripps Sweeney founded the Penny Press. Ellen Scripps helped her younger half brother, Edward W. Scripps, begin his Penny Press in Cleveland, Ohio. She gave financial support and contributed articles and columns to the Penny Press while continuing her work for the Detroit Evening News.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3dc4tx)(http://ech.case.edu/ech-cgi/article.pl?id=SEW)

1878        Bishop Wright gave his sons, Orville and Wilbur, a toy helicopter.
    (NPub, 2002, p.5)

1878        Philip Marqua of Cincinnati invented the "swing stand horse," a toy horse that moves back and forth on a stand as an alternative to the rocking horse.
    (SFC,12/24/97, Z1 p.6)

1879        Feb 10, The 1st electric arc light was used in a California Theater. The first electric arc lights were installed in Cleveland in this year. Some women complained that the white light blanched their complexions in a most ghastly manner.
    (MC, 2/10/02)(SFC, 11/30/96, p.B5)

1879          James Ritty (1836-1918) and his brother invented the 1st cash register. It was to combat stealing by bartenders in his Dayton, Ohio, saloon. The first model looked like a clock, but instead of the hands indicating hours and minutes, they indicated dollars and cents. Behind the dial two adding discs accumulated the total of the amounts recorded. Known as "the incorruptible cashier," with no cash drawer, it would show anyone within sight how much had been recorded. They received a patent Jan 30, 1883.
    (www.inventors.about.com)(www.uspto.gov/go/kids/kidjan.htm)

1879        William Proctor and James Gamble launched Ivory soap in Cincinnati. In 2004 Davis Dyer, Frederick Dalzell and Rowena Olegario authored ~ez_ldquo~Rising Tide: Lessons from 165 years of Brand Building at proctor & Gamble.~ez_rdquo~
    (Econ, 7/24/04, p.75)

1880        Nov 4, The first cash register was patented by James and John Ritty of Dayton, Ohio. [see James Ritty 1879]
    (AP, 11/4/05)

1880        Andrew J. Cron joined R.B. Kills to found Cron Kills Co., a furniture manufacturer, in Piqua, Ohio.
    (SFC, 7/18/07, p.G2)
1880        B. Manischewitz founded an operation in Cincinnati to make unleavened bread based on a 5,000-year-old recipe.
    (SFC, 9/22/03, p.B4)
1880        Maria Longworth Nichols founded the Rookwood Pottery firm in Cincinnati. The firm operated until 1941. Decorators for the firm included Albert Valentien, Carl Schmidt, Kataro Shirayamadani and Matthew Daly.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, Z1 p.6)

1881        Adolph Ochs was invited by Leo Wise, editor of "The American Israelite," for dinner in Cincinnati, where Ochs met Leo's sister Iphigenia Miriam Wise (Effie). Her father, Isaac Mayer Wise, was the force behind the formation of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations and the Hebrew Union College and is generally considered to be the founder of Reform Judaism in America.
    (SFEM, 1/16/00, p.10)

1882        The Globe Files Co. was founded in Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1898 it introduced a vertical filing system.
    (SFC, 8/9/06, p.G3)

1863        Mar 25, US Sec. of War Edward Stanton awarded Corp. William Pittenger of the 2nd Ohio Regiment and 5 other Union soldiers the first US Medals of Honor. Pittenger had been a member of Andrews Raiders who stole the locomotive ~ez_ldquo~General~ez_rdquo~ in Georgia on April 12, 1862. Civilian spy James Andrews and 7 other were hanged in 1862 following a Confederate court martial. 
    (ON, 8/08, p.12)

1883        Jul 11, In Cincinnati the Reform Jewish Seminary held a dinner for its 1st class of rabbis. The meal gained notoriety for abrogating every rule of kashrut, except the prohibition against pork.
    (WSJ, 7/6/01, p.W11)

1864        May 16, Platt Rogers Spencer (b.1800), the originator of Spencerian penmanship, a popular system of cursive handwriting, died in Geneva, Ohio.
    (WSJ, 1/24/09, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Platt_Rogers_Spencer)

1884        Nov 20, Norman Thomas, socialist and Pres. Candidate 1928-48, was born in Marion, Ohio, and ran for president in six successive elections beginning in 1928.
    (HNQ, 10/21/98)(MC, 11/20/01)

1884        Moses Fleetwood Walker, a black man, played 42 games for the Toledo Blue Stockings of the American Association.
    (WSJ, 1/30/04, p.A1)

1884        In Dayton, Ohio, John H. Patterson founded the National Cash Register Company (NCR), maker of the first mechanical cash registers. In 1974 the company changed its name to NCR Corp. From 1991 to 1996 it was part of AT&T.
    (www.ncr.com/history/history.htm)(SFC, 5/21/08, p.G7)

1886        Dec 8, The American Federation of Labor (AFL) was founded at a convention of union leaders in Columbus, Ohio, by some 25 labor groups representing about 150,000 members. The first president of the American Federation of Labor was Samuel Gompers, who had reorganized the Cigarmakers Union and participated in the founding of the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions in 1881.
    (AP, 12/8/97)(HNPD, 9/7/99)

1887        Sep 14, Karl Taylor Compton, physicist and atomic bomb scientist, was born in Wooster, Ohio.
    (www.britannica.com)

1887        In western Ohio Newton S. Conway discovered the skeleton of a 10,000 year old mastodon on his farm on the Clark-Champaign County line. The skeleton, about 70% intact, became known as the Conway Mastodon.
    (SSFC, 1/9/11, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/2ecv34t)

1899        Jul 21, Poet Hart Crane was born in Garrettsville, Ohio.
    (AP, 7/21/99)

1889        Sep 8, Robert A. Taft, U.S. Senator from Ohio, was born. He unsuccessfully sought the presidential nomination in 1952. He was the son of the 27th president of the U.S. William Howard Taft. Robert was known as "Mr. Republican" because of his steadfast espousal of traditional conservative values. Taft was a candidate for the Republican presidential nomination three times and served in the Senate from 1938 until his death in 1953. Taft consistently opposed the New Deal program, led the Congressional isolationist bloc and fought the Lend-Lease bill.
    (HN, 9/8/98)(HNQ, 7/8/99)

1889        In Toledo the W.I. Libbey & Son Co. made a pattern of milk glass that resembled ears of corn.
    (SFC,11/19/97, Z1 p.7)

1890        Jul 20, Theda Bara, actress (Love Goddesses), was born as Theodosia Goodman in Cincinnati.
    (MC, 7/20/02)

1890        Aug 6, Cy Young gained the first of his 511 major league victories as he pitched the Cleveland Spiders to a win over the Chicago Colts. However, the score is a matter of dispute, with some sources saying 6-1, and others saying 8-1.
    (AP, 8/6/07)

1890        Kenton Hardware Manufacturing Co. was founded in Kenton, Ohio, to make locks. Within a few year the company began making toys.
    (SFC, 5/28/08, p.G2)

1890        Roseville Pottery did business in Roseville and Zanesville, Ohio, from 1890 to 1954.
    (SFC, 9/20/06, p.G3)

1891        Jul 8, Warren G. Harding (later US president) married Florence K. DeWolfe in Marion, Ohio.
    (AP, 7/8/97)

1891        The first US reported car accident was in Ohio.
    (http://tinyurl.com/83xl65b)

1891-1903    The Model Flint Glass Co. of Findley, Ohio, produced the pressed-glass "bread plate" pattern called the "Last Supper."
    (SFC, 6/10/98, Z1 p.3)

1892        May 1, Howard Barlow, conductor (Voice of Firestone), was born in Plain City, Ohio.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1892        Jul 28, Joe E. Brown, comedian (Buck Circus Hour), was born in Holgate, Ohio.
    (SC, 7/28/02)

1892        Sep 10, Arthur Compton, physicist, was born in Wooster, Ohio.
    (HN, 9/10/00)

1892        In Marietta, Ohio, Collins R. Stevens (d.1921) and Orin C. Klock began manufacturing reed organs under the name Stevens & Klock. The company went out of business in 1924.
    (SFC, 12/17/08, p.G6)

1893        Jan 17, The 19th president of the United States, Rutherford B. Hayes, died in Fremont, Ohio, at age 70.
    (AP, 1/17/98)

1893        Nov 20, The struggling Western League of Professional Baseball Clubs, meeting in Detroit, Michigan, elected Byron Bancroft Johnson (29), a former ballplayer and Cincinnati sportswriter, as president. He had been recommended by Charles Comiskey, a potential investor in the league and manager of the National League~ez_rsquo~s Cincinnati Reds.
    (ON, 6/09, p.10)

1893        The Anti-Saloon League formed in Ohio. It became national in 1895 when it merged with an organization in Washington D.C.
    (AH, 2/05, p.72)

1894        Oct 17, Ohio national guard killed 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man.
    (MC, 10/17/01)

1895        Feb 26, Michael Owens of Toledo, OH., patented a glass-blowing machine.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1895        The Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra was formed.
    (SFC, 1/26/00, p.B4)

1897        Marcus Hanna was elected to the US Senate. Hanna, an Ohio industrialist, led the 1896 fund-raising for Pres. McKinley and personally underwrote the cost of winning the 1st modern presidential campaign. In 1929 Thomas Beer authored a biography of Hanna.
     (WSJ, 3/24/04, p.B1)

1897        Sep 11, A strike by some 75,000  coal miners in Pennsylvania, Ohio and West Virginia ended after 10 weeks. Concessions included an eight-hour work day, semi-monthly pay, and the abolition of company stores (which were famous for over charging workers). The day before, about 20 miners were killed when sheriff's deputies opened fire on them in Pennsylvania.
    (AP, 9/11/97)(MC, 9/11/01)

1897        Adolphe Chaillet, French inventor and US immigrant, developed a coiled filament carbon lamp that burned brighter than existing models. He met John C. Fish of Shelby, Ohio and began an association that was to be the start of the Shelby Electric Company. In 1901 a Shelby bulb was installed in a Livermore, Ca., firehouse. Though it was moved a few times, as of 2011 it was still working.
    (www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ohscogs/shelbymuseum/ShelbyMuseum3.html)(SSFC, 2/6/11, p.C1)

1898        May 31, Norman Vincent Peale (d1993), American religious leader, was born in Ohio. He later authored "The Power of Positive Thinking."
    (HN, 5/31/01)(MC, 5/31/02)

1898        In Ohio James M. Cox (d.1957), a 28-year-old school teacher, borrowed $26,000 and bought the Dayton Daily News. It grew to become the 1998 Cox Enterprises with 18 daily newspapers, 21 cable TV systems and 20 radio and TV stations.
    (WSJ, 1/29/98, p.A19)

1899        May 30, Wilbur Wright (1867-1912), Ohio bicycle mechanic, wrote the Smithsonian Institution and affirmed his belief that human flight was possible.
    (NPub, 2002, p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wright_Brothers)

1899        Coburn Haskell of Cleveland with the help of a BF Goodrich scientist came up with a liquid-center gutta-percha golf ball. [2nd source says 1898]
    (SFC, 6/21/97, p.E4) (WSJ, 6/15/00, p.A1)

1899        Sep 13, The first reported fatal car accident in the US was in Ohio when Henry H. Bliss, a "real estate dealer" was hit by an electric taxi as he exited a trolley on West 74th Street and Central Park West.
    (http://tinyurl.com/83xl65b)(SFC, 10/10/97, p.A21)

1900        Jan 30, John P. Parker (b.1827), Ohio-based inventor and conductor on the Underground Railway, died. His autobiography ~ez_ldquo~His Promised Land: The Autobiography of John P. Parker, Former Slave and Conductor on the Underground Railway~ez_rdquo~ was recounted in a series of interviews and later edited by Stuart Seely Sprague and published in 1996.
    (ON, 12/11, p.5)(www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=2466&nm=John-P-Parker)

1900        Apr 26, Charles Richter (1985), seismologist, was born in Hamilton, Ohio. He developed the Richter Scale for measuring the amplitude of earthquakes.
    (AP, 4/26/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Francis_Richter)

1900-1910    In the early 1900s A.C. Williams Co. of Ravenna, Ohio, became the world~ez_rsquo~s largest producer of toys and still banks. The company had started out manufacturing stoves and tools.
    (SFC, 3/1/06, p.G7)

1901        Jan 28, Byron Bancroft Johnson announced that the American League would play the 1901 baseball season as a major league and would not renew its membership in the National Agreement. The new league would include Baltimore and Washington, DC, recently abandoned by the National League. The league would also invade 4 cities where National League teams existed: Boston, Cleveland, Detroit and Philadelphia. The 8 charter teams included: the Baltimore Orioles, Boston Americans, Chicago White Stockings, Cleveland Blues, Detroit Tigers, Milwaukee Brewers, Philadelphia Athletics, and Washington Senators.
    (ON, 6/09, p.11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_League)    

1901        Smith Phillips China Co. of East Liverpool, Ohio, was founded by Josiah T. Smith and W.H. Phillips. They manufactured semiporcelain dinnerware, toilet seats, hotel wares and decorated dishes until 1931.
    (SFC, 3/9/05, p.G4)

1901        The Wright Brothers constructed new wings for a large glider using existing aerodynamics tables. The flight was marginal so they tested the tables by analyzing model wings in a wind tunnel. The tables proved to be wrong and they painstakingly computer new ones.
    (NPub, 2002, p.6)

1902        Dec 9, Margaret Hamilton, character actress, was born in Cleveland, Oh. She became best known as the Wicked Witch in the Wizard of Oz (1939).
    (www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=3146)

1902        The Crooksville China Co. of Crooksville, Ohio, began operations and continued to 1959. Their products included the Stinthal China brand name.
    (SFC, 8/20/08, p.G4)
1902        The Owen China Co. of Minerva, Ohio, was founded by Edward J. Owen. It was forced to close during the Depression in 1932.
    (SFC, 1/21/09, p.G4)
1902        The Wright Brothers built a glider based on their new aerodynamics tables. Efficiency was almost doubled and they made over 1,000 flights at Kill Devil Hills near Kitty Hawk, NC.
    (NPub, 2002, p.6)

1903        Jan, The American League and the National League representatives met in Cincinnati and produced the rough outlines of a deal in which each would maintain independence, but coordinate schedules.
    (ON, 6/09, p.12)

1903        Mar 10, Harry Gammeter of Cleveland patented a multigraph duplicating machine.
    (MC, 3/10/02)

1903        Jul 21, Dr. Horatio Nelson Jackson arrived in Cleveland with his mechanic Sewell Croker escorted by a fleet of new Winton automobiles. They were enroute to NYC from San Francisco in a $2,500 Winton touring car.
    (ON, 9/04, p.10)

1903        Burton Westcott (1868-1926) brought his family business, the Westcott Motor Car. Co., from Richmond Ind., to Springfield, Ohio, where its cars were assembled by hand.
    (WSJ, 8/16/07, p.D7)

1904        Sep 15, Wilbur Wright made his 1st controlled half-circle while in flight with Flyer II. On Sep 20 he flew a full circle for the first time.
    (http://tinyurl.com/pkwd37)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wright_Flyer_II)

1904        Sep 19, Bergen Baldwin Evans (d.1978), American educator and author who wrote the "Dictionary of Contemporary American Usage," was born in Ohio. "Freedom of speech and freedom of action are meaningless without freedom to think. And there is no freedom of thought without doubt."
    (AP, 8/11/98)(HN, 9/19/98)(MC, 9/19/01)

1904        Sun Manufacturing moved from Greenfield, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio, and manufactured coffee mills there until about 1920.
    (SFC, 2/7/07, p.G7)

1904        Otto H.L. Wernicke joined his Michigan furniture business with the Ohio Globe Files Co. to form the Globe-Wernicke Co. Around 1905 Wernicke Furniture purchased the Fred Macey Furniture Co. and began making stackable bookcases. Globe-Wernicke sued Macey in 1906 for using its patents. After years of litigation Globe lost.
    (SFC, 8/9/06, p.G3)

1905        May 25, Joseph C. Harsch, newscaster (Background), was born in Toledo, OH.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1905        Frank L. Fenton and his brother founded Fenton Art Glass in Martins Ferry, Ohio.
    (SFC, 7/20/05, p.G4)

1905        The Wright Brother~ez_rsquo~s Flyer III became the world~ez_rsquo~s first practical airplane, but attracted little attention.
    (NPub, 2002, p.7)

1906        Feb 9, Poet Paul Laurence Dunbar (33), son of former slaves, died of TB in his hometown of Dayton, Ohio.
    (AH, 2/06, p.15)

1906        Feb 17, Alice Lee Roosevelt, President Theodore Roosevelt's irrepressible eldest daughter, married Congressman Nicholas Longworth of Ohio in an elaborate White House ceremony. Heedless of social convention, Alice's behavior routinely shocked her family and friends. Once the president, when confronted with another of Alice's escapades, remarked, "I can do one of two things, I can run the country or control Alice. I cannot do both." Nevertheless, the world public was captivated with the first daughter, who seemed to embody the ideal Gay Nineties woman. In spite of its promising beginning, Alice's 25-year marriage to Longworth was not a happy one, but Alice reigned as the grande dame of Washington, D.C. society for another 50 years.
    (HNPD, 2/16/99)

1906        Mar 21, Ohio passed a law that prohibited hazing by fraternities.
    (HN, 3/21/98)

1906        Frank Lloyd Wright designed the Westcott House in Springfield, Ohio. In 2000 the non-profit Westcott House Foundation purchased the house for $300,000 and then spent 5 years and $5.8 million in renovations.
    (WSJ, 8/16/07, p.D7)

1907        Feb 28, Milton Caniff, cartoonist (Terry and the Pirates), was born in Hillsboro, Ohio.
    (MC, 2/28/02)

1907        Nov 16, Burgess Meredith, actor, was born in Cleveland. He died Sep 10, 1997 at 89. He played the Penguin on TV~ez_rsquo~s Batman and numerous films in a 60 year film career.
    (HIR, 9/11/97, p.5B)(SFC, 9/11/97, p.A18)

1908        Mar 4, A fire at Lake View School in Collinwood, Ohio, claimed the lives of 172 children and three adults.
    (AP, 3/4/08)

1908        Mar 7, Cincinnati Mayor Mark Breith stood before city council and announced that, "women are not physically fit to operate automobiles."
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1908        William Henry Hoover, an inventive janitor and founder of the Hoover Vacuum Co., produced the Model O, the first commercially successful portable electric vacuum cleaner. The Hoover Historical Center in North Canton, Ohio, was devoted to carpet-cleaning history.
    (SFEC, 1/10/99, p.T3)

1909        Jun 7, Cleveland Industrial Exposition opened.
    (SC, 6/7/02)

1910        The Nelson McCoy Sanitary Stoneware Co. was founded in Roseville, Ohio. In 1933 the name was changed to the Nelson McCoy Pottery Co. and it stayed in business until 1990.
    (SFC, 8/10/05, p.G4)

1911        Nov 5, Roy Rogers, singing cowboy (Happy Trails, Roy Rogers Show), was born. He was born as Leonard Franklin Slye in Cincinnati where his father worked in a shoe factory. He died in 1998 at age 86.
    (SFC, 7/7/98, p.A1,2)(MC, 11/5/01)

1911        Goodyear began flying its blimps. Frank Augustus Seiberling (1859-1954) was the founder of the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. in Akron, Ohio.
    (SFC, 7/11/98, p.B3)(SFC, 5/26/99, Z1 p.6)

1911        Quaker Oats bought the Great Western Cereal Co., maker of Mothers Oats. Great Western of Akron, Ohio, had owned the brand since 1901.
    (SFC, 1/16/08, p.G4)

1912        Sherwood Anderson walked away his life as an Ohio businessman, his wife and three kids. He later headed off for Chicago to pursue a literary career.
    (SFC, 8/25/01, p.D1)

1912        Standard Oil established America~ez_rsquo~s first gas station in Cincinnati.
    (F, 10/7/96, p.67)

1912        The Durable Toy & Novelty Co. began making toy registering banks about this time. Its office was in NYC and its factory in Cleveland, Ohio.
    (SFC, 4/2/08, p.G2)

1913        Feb 25, Jim Backus, actor (Mr. Magoo, Thurston Howell III-Gilligan's Island), was born in Cleveland.
    (MC, 2/25/02)

1913        Mar 15, Lewis Robert Wasserman (d.2002) was born in Cleveland. In 1946 Dr. Jules Stein (d.1981), founder of Music Corp. of America hired Lew Wasserman as director of advertising and public relations. Wasserman went on to expand the company as MCA Inc. into a major entertainment conglomerate.
    (SFC, 6/4/02, p.A18)

1913        Mar 25, Great Dayton, Ohio, flood. [see Mar 25]
    (MC, 3/25/02)

1913        Mar 26, Dayton, Ohio, was almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami, and Muskingum River reached flood stage simultaneously.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1913        May 5, Tyrone Power, actor (Mark of Zorro, Alexander's Ragtime Band), was born in Cleveland.
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1914        Jul 2, Frederick Fennell, conductor (Time & the Winds), was born in Cleveland, Ohio.
    (SC, 7/2/02)

1914        Aug 5, One of the first, if not the first, electric traffic light systems were installed in Cleveland, Ohio.
    (AP, 8/5/07)

1914        Sep 1, Martha, the last known passenger pigeon, died at the Cincinnati Zoo.
    (AH, 10/04, p.14)

1915        Aug 21, Jack Weston [Morris Weinstein], actor (4 Seasons, Rad), was born in Cleveland.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1915        Dec 27, In Ohio, iron and steel workers went on strike for an eight hour day and higher wages.
    (HN, 12/27/98)

1915        Orville Wright (1871-1948) sold his interest in the Wright Company and retired.
    (NPub, 2002, p.9)

1916        Jul 25, An explosion at the Cleveland Waterworks tunnel project trapped 12 men and 18 would-be rescuers. 8 men were saved and 10 bodies were recovered by a team led by black inventor Garrett A. Morgan (d.1963) dressed in his new Safety Hood.
    (ON, 3/02, p.12)

1917        Jun 7, Dean Martin, singer, comedian (partner for Jerry Lewis), was born in Steubenville, Ohio. He died in Beverly Hills, Ca. on Dec. 25, 1995. [see Jun 17]
    (WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A-1)(SC, 6/7/02)

1917        Jun 17, Dean Martin, singer and comedian, was born as Dino Crocetti in Steubenville, Ohio. He worked with Jerry Lewis. His films included "My Friend Irma," "Hollywood or Bust," "Airport," "Bells are Ringing" and "Rio Bravo." [see Jun 7]
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1918        Oct 11, Archibald M. Willard (b.1836), American artist, died in Ohio. His paintings included ~ez_ldquo~Spirit of ~ez_rsquo~76~ez_rdquo~ (1876).
    (www.nationalsojourners.org/heroes.html)

1918        May 1, Jack Paar (d.2004), later late-night TV talk show host, was born in Canton, Ohio.
    (www.museum.tv/archives/etv/P/htmlP/paarjack/paarjack.htm)

1919        Jul 4, Jack Dempsey, the "Manassa Mauler", defeated Jess Willard by a knockout in Toledo, Ohio, after three rounds to become the World's Heavyweight Boxing Champion.
    (IB, Internet, 12/7/98)

1919        Oct 1, In baseball~ez_rsquo~s World Series the Chicago White Sox faced the Cincinnati Reds in a best of 9 games. The White Sox intentionally threw the series to satisfy gamblers in what became known as the Black Sox Scandal. 8 players were banned from baseball for life. In 1963 Eliot Asinof described the events in his book ~ez_ldquo~Eight men Out.~ez_rdquo~ The 1988 baseball film "Eight Men Out" was directed by John Sayles.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, BR p.8)(SFC, 7/14/96, DB p.33)(AH, 10/04, p.14)

1919        Oct 9, The Cincinnati Reds won the World Series, defeating the Chicago White Sox 10-5 at Comiskey Park. The victory turned hollow amid charges eight of the White Sox had thrown the Series in what became known as the "Black Sox" scandal.
    (AP, 10/9/08)

1919        Sherwood Anderson published his linked short story collection "Winesburg, Ohio.
    (SFEC, 8/15/99, BR p.1)

1919        Edgar Allen 1862-1937), Ohio businessman, founded the National Society for Crippled Children. In 1934 the organization launched its first Easter Seal fundraising campaign. In 1952 it incorporated the lily flower as its symbol. In 1967 the organization adopted Easter Seals as ifs formal name.
    (www.extramile.us/honorees/allen.cfm)

1920        Jun 28, The Democrats opened their convention, the first in the West, in San Francisco. James Cox of Ohio was elected presidential candidate on the 44th ballot on July 6.
    (WSJ, 1/29/98, p.A19)(SFEC, 4/25/99, Z1 p.4)(AH, 10/04, p.56)

1920        Jul 6, The Democrats ended their convention in San Francisco with the selection James Cox of Ohio and running mate Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Cox and FDR were committed internationalists and lost the elections due to the isolationism of the times.
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, Z1 p.4)(AH, 10/04, p.56)

1920        Sep 17, The American Professional Football Association -- a precursor of the NFL -- was formed in Canton, Ohio. 12 teams paid $100 each to join American Prof Football Assn. Jim Thorpe was the first president. The name was changed to the National Football League (NFL) in 1922. The NFL merged with the AFL in 1970.
    (AP, 9/17/97)(SFC, 7/11/98, p.B3)(HNQ, 11/19/00)(MC, 9/17/01)

1920        Aug 20, A preliminary meeting was held in Akron, Ohio, to form the American Pro Football League.
    (MC, 8/20/02)

1920        Nov 2, Warren G. Harding was elected 29th president. He defeated James Cox, governor of Ohio, and his VP running mate Franklin Delano Roosevelt (38).
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.E7)(AH, 10/04, p.50)

1920        Henry Burt created the "Good Humor Bar," a chocolate covered ice cream bar on a stick, in Youngstown, Ohio. Good Humor trucks cruised America's streets until 1976 and the company merged with Breyer's Ice Cream in 1993.
    (SFEC,10/19/97, Z1 p.2)(WSJ, 7/16/99, p.W12)

1921        Jul 18, John Glenn, Jr., first man to orbit the Earth, was born in Cambridge, OH.
    (HN, 7/18/98)(MC, 7/18/02)

1921        Aug 3, The 1st aerial crop dusting was in Troy, Ohio, to kill caterpillars.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1922        The Mills Brothers began performing in Piqua, Ohio. Donald Mills (d.1999), the youngest brother (7), Harry, Herbert and John (d.1936) later made their first hit with "Tiger Rag." Other hits included "Glow Worm," "Yellow Bird" and "Paper Doll."
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.E6)

1923        Feb 2, Ethyl gasoline was 1st marketed in Dayton, Ohio.
    (MC, 2/2/02)

1923        Aug 2, The 29th president of the United States, Warren G. Harding (57), died in San Francisco at the Palace Hotel of a "stroke of apoplexy." Not considered to have been a particularly intelligent man, Harding owed his rise to political power to the driving ambition of his wife, Florence Kling Harding. As president, the Ohio native was troubled by scandals caused by his weakness for pretty women and a tendency to place unscrupulous friends--called "The Ohio Gang"--in positions of power. Graft, corruption and other scandals that led to the suicides of two high Federal officials had begun to taint the Harding Administration when the president suddenly died of a heart attack, just before the Teapot Dome Scandal broke, the largest scandal of his administration. In 1998 Carl Sferrazza Anthony published "Florence Harding: The First Lady, The Jazz Age and the Death of America~ez_rsquo~s Most Scandalous President."
    (TMC, 1994, p.1923)(AP, 8/2/97)(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W27)(SFC, 8/1/98, p.A15,19)(HN, 8/2/98)

1923        Sep 21, Gordon Battelle (b.1883), industrialist and researcher, died following an appendectomy at a Columbus, Ohio, hospital. In his will, he left the bulk of his estate, about $1.6 million, to the establishment of Battelle Memorial Institute, founded in 1929.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gordon_Battelle)
 
1923        Nov 9, Dorothy Dandridge, actress, singer and dancer (Porgy and Bess), was born in Cleveland, Oh.
    (MC, 11/9/01)

1923-1939    The Fraunfelter China Co. operated in Zanesville, Ohio, during most of this period. Charles Fraunfelter opened the business when he purchased Ohio Pottery, where he had worked since 1915.
    (SFC, 12/21/05, p.G6)

1924        Jan 29, An ice cream cone rolling machine was patented by Carl Taylor in Cleveland.
    (MC, 1/29/02)

1924        Apr 3, Doris Von Kappelhoff [Doris Day], American singer and actress, was born in Cincinnati, Oh.
    (HN, 4/3/01)(MC, 4/3/02)

1924        Jun 28, A tornado struck Sandusky & Lorain, Ohio, killing 93.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1924        An Ohio state spider count recorded 306 species.
    (USAT, 5/18/04, p.17A)

1925        Jan 26, Paul Newman, actor (Hud, Hombre, Hustler), was born in Cleveland.
    (MC, 1/26/02)

1925        Feb 17, Hal Holbrook, actor (All the President's Men, Mark Twain), was born in Cleveland.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1925        Sep 3, The dirigible "Shenandoah" crashed near Caldwell Ohio, 13 die. The 682-foot Shenandoah, a dirigible built by the U.S. Navy in 1923, broke apart in mid-air, killing 14 persons aboard.
    (HNQ, 1/2/00)(MC, 9/3/01)

1925        Earl Derr Biggers (1884-1933), Ohio-born novelist, published ~ez_ldquo~The House Without a Key.~ez_rdquo~ The novel included the fictional Chinese-American detective Charlie Chan, who became immortalized in 6 novels and 47 movies. In 2010 Yunte Huang authored ~ez_ldquo~Charlie Chan: The Untold Story of the Honorable Detective and His Rendezvous With American History.~ez_rdquo~
    (SSFC, 9/5/10, p.F2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlie_Chan)

1925        Burton Westcott (1868-1926) was forced to close his Westcott Motor Car. Co. in Springfield, Ohio.
    (WSJ, 8/16/07, p.D7)

1926            Nov 3, Annie Oakley (b.1860), US sharp shooting star, died at Greenville, Ohio. Chief Sitting Bull nicknamed her ~ez_ldquo~Little Miss Sure Shot~ez_rdquo~ when she was a member of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show.
    (www.lkwdpl.org/wihohio/oakl-ann.htm)

1926        Coxon Pottery of Wooster, Ohio, began operations about this time and continued to 1930.
    (SFC, 10/4/06, p.G2)

1927        Jun 21, Carl Stokes, the first black mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, was born.
    (HN, 6/21/98)

1928        Mar 25, James A. Lovell Jr, USN, astronaut (Gemini 7, 12, Apollo 8, 13), was born in Cleveland, Oh.
    (MC, 3/25/02)

1929        May 15, Fire in X-ray film stock killed 125 at Crile Clinic, Cleveland.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1929        Aug 11, Babe Ruth hit his 500th major league home run against the Cleveland Indians.
    (HN, 8/10/98)

1929        Oct, The Battelle Memorial Institute, a research and development organization, opened its doors in Columbus, Ohio. It was founded on industrialist-turned-researcher Gordon Battelle~ez_rsquo~s vision that business and scientific interests can go hand-in-hand as forces for positive change.
    (http://www.battelle.org/)

1930        Apr 21, In Columbus, Ohio, 322 people were killed at the Ohio Penitentiary after a fire started on scaffolding. Most died of smoke inhalation when breakdown in command kept guards from unlocking cell doors. This was the worst prison fire in US history.
    (AP, 2/16/12)

1930        Apr 25, Dotty Mack, actress (Paul Dixon Show), was born in Cincinnati, Ohio.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1930        Jun 2, Sarah Dickson became the 1st woman Presbyterian elder in US in Cincinnati.
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1930        Jul 4, George Steinbrenner, (George Michael Steinbrenner, III) businessman and baseball executive, was born in Rocky River, Ohio. He became the principal owner of the New York Yankees baseball team (1973-90); ordered by the Commissioner of Baseball to give up active management of the Yankee franchise for alleged association with gamblers; he is now back in control; known for firing one Yankee manager after another.
    (IB, Internet, 12/7/98)

1930        Aug 5, Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the moon, was born in Ohio.
    (HN, 8/5/98)

1931        May 7, Teresa Brewer (d.2007), singer, was born in Toledo, Ohio. She had a big hit with ~ez_ldquo~Music, Music, Music~ez_rdquo~ in 1950.
    (SFC, 10/19/07, p.A11)

1931        Jul 4, 1st fireworks were held at Cleveland Stadium.
    (Maggio, 98)

1931        Jul 4, 1st trailside museum opened in Cleveland Metroparks.
    (Maggio, 98)

1931        Severance Hall was completed in Cleveland and became the home of the Cleveland Orchestra. A $36 million expansion and renovation was unveiled Jan 8, 2000.
    (WSJ, 12/28/99, p.A16)

1931-1947    Eugene Goosens served as the music director of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra.
    (SFC, 1/26/00, p.B4)

1932        Kenton Hardware Manufacturing Co., founded in Ohio in 1890 as a lock maker, began making toy concrete mixers under the Jaeger brand name. The company closed in 1952.
    (SFC, 5/28/08, p.G2)

1932        Barzilla L. Marble (b.1851), Ohio chair maker, died. His B.L. Marble Chair Co. made chairs for homes from 1894 to 1910, when the company switched to making office furniture. In 1965 Marble Chair merged with the Dictaphone Corp.
    (www.bedfordohiohistory.org/build/marble.php)

1933        Oct 12, Bank robber John Dillinger escaped from a jail in Allen County, Ohio, with the help of his gang, who killed the sheriff, Jess Sarber.
    (AP, 10/12/07)

1933        In Cleveland, Ohio, Glenville High School classmates Jerry Siegel (b.1914) and Joe Shuster (b.1914) created the Superman cartoon character.
    (www.greatkrypton.com/superman/creators.php)

1934        Oct 17, "Handsome" Harry Pierpont, bank robber, was executed in the electric chair in Columbus, Ohio, for the murder of Sheriff Jesse Sarber.
    (Internet)

1934        Oct 22, Bank robber Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd was shot to death by federal agents at a farm in East Liverpool, Ohio.
    (AP, 10/22/97)

1934        Nov 12, Charles Manson, [No Name Maddox], mass murderer, was born in Cincinnati, Oh.
    (MC, 11/12/01)

1934        Paul King hit upon the idea of the Easter Seal as the new emblem of the Ohio Society for Crippled Children. In 1999 Easter Seals had an annual revenue of $484 million.
    (WSJ, 4/5/99, p.A22)

1934        Universal Potteries was formed in Cambridge, Ohio. They produced high-quality, semi-porcelain dinnerware.
    (SFC, 8/3/05, p.G9)

1935        Feb 13, 1st US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris took place in Cleveland.
    (MC, 2/13/02)

1935        May 24, The first major-league baseball game played at night took place at Cincinnati's Crosley Field as the Reds beat the Philadelphia Phillies, 2-1.
    (WSJ, 7/8/96, p.A8)(AP, 5/24/97)

1935        Jun 10, Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in Akron, Ohio, by William G. Wilson (Bill Wilson), a stockbroker, and Dr. Robert Smith (Bob Smith), a heart surgeon.
    (AP, 6/10/97)

1935        Sep 10, Mary Oliver, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, was born in maple Heights, Ohio.
    (HN, 9/10/00)

1935        Dec 21, Phil Donahue, talk show host, was born in Cleveland, Ohio.
    (MC, 12/21/01)

1935-1942    Eliot Ness, former FBI agent, served as the safety director of Cleveland, Ohio.
    (SFC, 9/11/97, p.A3)

1936        Marion Sumner (d.1997 at 77), mountain fiddler, made his radio debut at station WCPO in Cincinnati playing with the Haley Brothers.
    (SFC, 8/21/97, p.C4)

1937        Jan 27, The Ohio River crested at 57.1 feet, almost thirty feet above flood stage. The flood of 1937 took place in late January and February. Damage stretching from Pittsburgh to Cairo, Illinois. One million persons were left homeless, with 385 dead and property losses reaching $500 million. The Mississippi River crested at 14.8 meters. Flooding left 37 people dead in Arkansas. In 2010 Patrick O~ez_rsquo~Daniel authored ~ez_ldquo~Memphis and the Superflood of 1937: High Water Blues.~ez_rdquo~   
    (http://tinyurl.com/43h4l54)(http://tinyurl.com/3g4qcdg)

1937        Harlan H. Hatcher assumed the directorship of the Ohio branch of the Federal Writer~ez_rsquo~s Project.
    (MT, Sum. ~ez_lsquo~98, p.6)

1938        Oct, Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio, admitted four female students and became the first institution of higher learning to admit women to its college programs on an equal basis with men. Prior to 1838, boys and girls had studied together in its primary and secondary programs, while older girls studied at Oberlin~ez_lsquo~s female seminary.
    (HNQ, 6/3/00)

1938        Nov 19, Ted Turner, broadcasting mogul, owner of the Atlanta Braves, America's Cup winner, was born in Cincinnati.
    (www.infoplease.com)

1940        Jan 21, Jack Nicklaus, golfer (Player of Yr 1967,72,73,75,76), was born in Columbus, Ohio.
    (MC, 1/21/02)

1940        Oct, The 634-page "Ohio Guide" was published by Oxford Univ. Press. It was a product of the Ohio branch of the Federal Writer~ez_rsquo~s Project.
    (MT, Sum. ~ez_lsquo~98, p.6)

1940        Martin Sheen, actor, was born as Ramon Estevez in Dayton, Ohio.
    (SSFC, 12/2/01, Par p.4)

1941        Jul 17, The longest hitting streak in baseball history ended when the Cleveland Indians pitchers held NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio, the Yankee Clipper, hitless for the first time in 57 games. His hitting streak ended with 56 games.
    (www.baseball-almanac.com/feats/feats3.shtml)(SFC, 3/9/99, p.A10)

1942        May 14, Aaron Copland's "Lincoln Portrait" was first performed by the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Andre Kostelanetz, who had commissioned the work.
    (AP, 5/14/98)

1942        Jun, The US authorized an additional 200 blimps, most of which were built by Goodyear Co. of Akron, Ohio. When the war began the Navy had 10 blimps.
    (Ind, 1/27/00, 5A)

1942        Gus Girves (d.1999 at 82) opened his first Brown Derby Restaurant in Akron.
    (SFC, 8/24/99, p.A22)

1943        James A. Rhodes (33) was elected mayor of Columbus.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A24)

1944        Oct 20, Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland exploded. 135 died and 3,600 were left homeless.
    (MC, 10/20/01)

1945        Jean Peters (d.2000 at 73) won the Miss Ohio pageant. She later became a film actress and wife of Howard Hughes (1957-1971).
    (SFC, 10/21/00, p.A24)

1946        Jun 21, Bill Veeck bought the Cleveland Indians for $2.2 million.
    (MC, 6/21/02)

1946        Sep 21, The Cleveland Indians played their final game in League Park, ending a 55-year stay.
    (MC, 9/21/01)

1946        Oct 8, Dennis Kucinich, US Congressmen for Ohio, was born in Cleveland. He stood as a presidential candidate in 2004 and in 2008.
    (SSFC, 2/29/04, p.D2)(WSJ, 1/25/08, p.A1)

1946        Russian immigrant Dietrich Gustav Rempel opened Rempel Manufacturing on Morgan Avenue in Akron, Ohio. He produced a line of latex squeak toys under the Sunnyslope name. Artist Fred G. Reiner designed his toys.
    (SFC, 12/21/05, p.G6)(SFC, 4/12/06, p.G4)

1946        In Ohio William Powell, a black man, began hand building his Clearview Golf Club. The club opened for 9-hole play in 1948. By 1978 he had expanded to 18 holes. In 2001 it was added to the national register of historic places.
    (WSJ, 10/25/08, p.W6)(www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-75087113.html)

1947         Jul 5, Larry Doby signed a contract with the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first black player in the American League.
    (AP, 7/5/97)

1947        Jul, Senator John Bricker, a republican from Ohio, was shot at twice as he entered the Senate subway. William L. Kaiser, a former Capital police officer, missed 2 times. He had lost money when an Ohio building and loan firm was liquidated.
    (SFC, 7/25/98, p.A6)

1947        Sep 15, The 1st 4 engine, jet propelled fighter plane was tested at Columbus, Ohio.
    (MC, 9/15/01)

1947        Dec 18, Steven Spielberg, director (ET, Close Encounters, Jaws), was born in Cincinnati.
    (MC, 12/18/01)

1947        John C. Lincoln, a Cleveland industrialist, endowed the Lincoln Foundation to teach and expound on the ideas of Henry George, a 19th century economist who argued for a single tax based on property values.
    (WSJ, 5/28/99, p.B4)

1947        Joseph Lowenbach Steiner (d.2002 at 95) and his 2 brothers founded Kenner Products Co. The firm launched the Bubble Rocket in 1949, the Easy-Bake Oven in 1963, and the Spirograph in 1966. General Mills acquired the company in 1967.
    (SFC, 5/16/02, p.A20)

1948        Jul 9, Satchel Paige (42) debuted in majors pitching 2 scoreless inning for Cleveland.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1948        The Cleveland Indians won the World Series.
    (SFC, 10/28/04, p.A7)

1948        Aaron and Florence Zacks (1911-2007) formed R.G. Barry Corp. in Pickerington, Ohio, to manufacture foam rubber shoulder pads for women~ez_rsquo~s clothing. They soon expanded to produce foam rubber slippers.
    (WSJ, 2/17/07, p.A4)

1949        Jul 10, 1st practical rectangular TV tube was announced in Toledo, Oh.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1950        Sep 5, Cathy Guisewite, cartoonist and creator of the ~ez_ldquo~Cathy~ez_rdquo~ cartoon strip, was born in Dayton, Ohio. In 2010 Guisewite said her cartoon strip, begun in 1976, would end on Oct 3.
    {Cartoons, USA, Ohio}
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cathy_Guisewite)(SFC, 8/12/10, p.A12)

1951        Alan Freed began playing black "rhythm and blues" music on Cleveland radio.
    (SFC, 12/29/99, p.E3)

1951        Lois Wyse (1926-2007) and her husband Marc Wyse founded Wyse Advertising in Cleveland. Lois Wyse later wrote the jingle for jam maker Smucker's: ~ez_ldquo~With a name like Smucker~ez_rsquo~s, it has to be good.~ez_rdquo~ Her 1967 ~ez_ldquo~Love Poems for the Very Married~ez_rdquo~ sold over 200,000 copies. She later authored novels and books of advice for working women such as ~ez_ldquo~Mrs. Success~ez_rdquo~ (1971).
    (WSJ, 1/7/07, p.A4)

1952        Mar 21, The Moondog Coronation Ball was held at the Cleveland Arena. It was promoted by Alan Freed and was later cited as the 1st rock concert. The only band to perform was one led by Paul Williams, before  fire marshals closed the show.
    (SFC, 10/7/02, p.A19)

1952        Eisenhower defeated Robert Taft, U.S. Senator from Ohio, for the GOP presidential nomination.
    (WSJ, 11/10/95, p.A-14)(HN, 9/8/98)

1953        Jan 3, Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, became the first mother-son combination to serve at the same time in the United States Congress.
    (440 Int'l. 1/3/99)

1953        Jul 31, Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio (63), known as "Mr. Republican," died in New York. His successor was named by a Democratic governor.
    (AP, 7/31/97)(WSJ, 5/25/01, p.A14)

1953        Congress formally ratified Ohio statehood. Congress had initially voted to accept Ohio's borders and constitution on Feb 19, 1803.
    (AP, 2/19/98)

1954        Jul 4, Marilyn Sheppard (31 and pregnant) was killed at her home near Cleveland and her husband, Dr. Sam Sheppard (d.1970), was later accused, tried and jailed for the murder. Sam was released from jail in 1964. His story inspired the TV series "The Fugitive" and a film in 1993. DNA evidence in 1997 indicated a third person was involved. Cleveland~ez_rsquo~s chief prosecutor ruled in 1998 that the DNA samples were too old.
    (SFC, 2/5/97, p.A6)(SFC, 3/5/98, p.A3)(SFC, 3/6/98, p.A3)

1956        Dec 22, The 1st gorilla was born in captivity at Columbus, Ohio.
    (MC, 12/22/01)

1956-1982    Evan Whallon (d.1998 at 74) led the Columbus Symphony Orchestra.
    (SFC, 6/16/98, p.A22)

1957        Jul 15, James M. Cox (b.1870), 3-time Ohio governor and founder of Cox Enterprises, died. Cox was defeated in the 1920 Presidential Election by fellow Ohioan Senator Warren G. Harding of Marion, Ohio. He left his family a business that included broadcast properties and a string of newspapers.
    (WSJ, 6/2/07, p.A5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_M._Cox)

1957        Nov 2, The 1st titanium mill opened in Toronto, Ohio.
    (MC, 11/2/01)

1957        In Toledo the Craig Memorial Bridge, a drawbridge over the Maumee River, became a major link for trucks between Ohio and Michigan.
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.20A)

1958        Rex Humbard (1919-2007), televangelist, built the 5,400 seat, marble-and-glass Cathedral of Tomorrow in Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. It was specially built to handle televised services.
    (SSFC, 9/23/07, p.B5)

1959        Ohio adopted the motto "With God, all things are possible." The motto was declared unconstitutional in 2000.
    (SFC, 4/26/00, p.B8)

1960-1972    Some 90 cancer patients at the Univ. of Cincinnati Gen~ez_rsquo~l. Hospital were administered doses of radiation. The project was funded by the Defense Dept. for data on how radiation might affect troops. A federal judge approved a $4.3 million settlement in 1997 to the relatives of the patients along with a government apology.
    (SFC,10/30/97, p.A3)

1961        The 1997 film "Telling Lies in America," written by Eszterhas, was a reminiscence of 1961 Cleveland.
    (SFC, 9/10/97, p.E1)(SFC, 9/10/97, p.E3)

1962        Mar 23, William DeWitt bought the Cincinnati Reds for $4,625,000.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1962        The Studio Glass movement was born in a garage on the grounds of the Libbey Glass Museum in Toledo.
    (WSJ, 10/19/01, p.W15)

1963        Jan 29, The first members of football's Hall of Fame were named in Canton, Ohio.
    (AP, 1/29/98)(www.profootballhof.com/hof/years.jsp)

1963        Jul 27, Garrett A. Morgan (86), inventor and founder of the Cleveland Call, died.
    (ON, 3/02, p.12)

1963        Sep 7, The National Professional Football Hall of Fame was dedicated in Canton, Ohio.
    (AP, 9/7/97)

1963        Nov 23, Sixty-three elderly people, most of them sleeping, were killed by a fire destroying the one-story Golden Age Nursing Home near Fitchville, Ohio.
    (AP, 11/23/02)

1964        Apr 17, Jerrie Mock (1925-2014) became the first woman to complete a solo airplane flight around the world. Her journey had begun on March 19 from Columbus, Ohio.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(SFC, 10/2/14, p.D4)

1965        In Canal Winchester, Ohio, the Barbering Hall of Fame was established.
    (WSJ, 7/30/99, p.A1)

1965        Dawn Powell (b.1896), Ohio-born American comic novelist, died. Her work anatomized and skewered New York and included her autobiographical novel "My Home Is Far Away." In 1998 Tim page authored: "Dawn Powell: A Biography."
    (WSJ, 10/19/98, p.A24)

1966        Jul 19, Gov. James Rhodes declared a state of emergency in Cleveland due to a race riot.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1967        Nov 7, Carl Stokes (1927-1996) was elected the first black mayor of a major city -- Cleveland, Ohio. He served two terms as mayor from 1967 to 1971 and was a leading advocate for increased federal aid to American cities. After serving as mayor, Stokes became a television commentator and later a judge in Cleveland.
    (AP, 11/7/97)(HNQ, 1/9/03)

1967        Dec 15, In Point Pleasant, West Virginia, it took less than 30 seconds for the Silver Bridge to tumble into the Ohio River, killing 46 people and leaving towns on either side stunned and bereft. The bridge had linked Point Pleasant and Kanauga, Ohio, since 1928.
    (AP, 12/15/07)

1967-1971    Robert W. Morse Sr. (d.2001 at 79) served as president of Case Western Reserve Univ.
    (SFC, 1/23/01, p.A19)

1969        May 25, Anne Heche, actress, was born in  Aurora, OH. Her films included ~ez_ldquo~Donnie Brasco~ez_rdquo~ (1997) and ~ez_ldquo~Volcano~ez_rdquo~ (1997).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Heche)

1969        Jun 22, The highly polluted Cuyahoga River in Cleveland, Ohio, caught on fire.
    (Hem., Oct. '95, p.83)(MC, 6/22/02)

1969        Nov 15, Wendy's Hamburgers, begun by Dave Thomas, opened in Ohio. In 2008 the chain was sold to Triarc Cos., owner of the Arby~ez_rsquo~s roast beef sandwich restaurant chain.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wendy's)(SFC, 4/25/08, p.D3)

1970        May 1, Students at Kent State University rioted in downtown Kent, Ohio, in protest of the American invasion of Cambodia.
    (HN, 5/1/98)

1970        May 2, Student anti-war protesters at Ohio's Kent State University burned down the campus ROTC building. Ohio Governor James A. Rhodes ordered in the National Guard to take control of the campus.
    (HN, 5/2/98)(HNPD, 5/4/99)

1970        May 3, James A. Rhodes, the governor of Ohio, in a press conference in Kent, called anti-war protesters the "the worst type of people we harbor in America, worse than the brownshirts and the communist element." Rhodes had ordered the National Guard into Kent to quell anti-war demonstrations that began after President Nixon announced the American incursion into Cambodia on April 30.
    (HNQ, 5/4/99)

1970        May 4,    At Kent State Univ. on Monday, a peaceful noontime rally was ordered to disburse by guardsmen. At 12:20 p.m., a small group of Guardsmen suddenly wheeled and fired into a group of protesters, killing four and wounding 9-11 others. One wounded student was crippled for life with damage to his spinal column. In the days that followed, hundreds of colleges were shut down by student strikes and more than 100,000 demonstrators marched on Washington, D.C. Twenty-five years after the event the National Guard insisted that it was  provoked into attacking the students contrary to eye-witnesses, photographs, and later investigations. Renowned American sculptor George Segal's bronze Abraham and Isaac was commissioned to commemorate the killing of four Vietnam War protesters at Ohio's Kent State University. The finished bronze is now part of Princeton University's modern sculpture garden.
    (NPR interview with the crippled survivor 5/4/95)(HFA, '96, p.30)(AP, 5/4/97)(HN, 5/4/98)(HNQ, 8/24/98) (HNPD, 5/4/99)

1970        May 21, The National Guard was mobilized to quell disturbances at Ohio State University. [see May 4]
    (HN, 5/21/98)

1970        Jul 30, George Szell (b.1897)), Hungarian-US conductor, died in Cleveland, Ohio. He had served as the music director of the Cleveland Orchestra since 1946.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Szell)

1970        Sep 26, The President~ez_rsquo~s Commission on Campus Unrest, also referred to as the Scranton Commission, investigated the Kent killings and found "The indiscriminate firing of rifles into a crowd of students and the deaths that followed were unnecessary, unwarranted, and inexcusable." The commission, directed by former Pennsylvania Governor William Scranton, was appointed by President Richard Nixon shortly after the Kent State shootings and relied heavily on a massive FBI investigation. The Scranton report also found student conduct prior to the shootings partly responsible.
    (HNQ, 5/4/98)

1970-1975    Dennis Kucinich served as Mayor of Cleveland.
    (SFC, 1/10/04, p.A2)

1971        Jun 30, The 26th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified as Ohio became the 38th state to approve it. The amendment lowered the minimum voting age to 18.
    (AP, 6/30/97)

1971        James Michener (1907-1997), American writer, authored "Kent State: What Happened and Why" as well as his novel "The Drifters."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Michener)

1972            Jun 3, Sally J. Priesand (25) was ordained the 1st female US rabbi by Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati, Ohio. Upon ordination Rabbi Pries accepted a position at Stephen Wise Free Synagogue in NYC where she served for seven years, first as Assistant Rabbi and then as Associate Rabbi. From 1979-1981, she was Rabbi of Temple Beth El in Elizabeth, New Jersey and also served as Chaplain at Manhattan's Lenox Hill Hospital. Since 1981, she has served as Rabbi of Monmouth Reform Temple in New Jersey.
    (www.monmouth.com/~mrt/rabbi/bio.html)

1972        Jack Scott (d.2000 at 57) was hired as the athletic director at Oberlin College. He was the author of "The Athletic Revolution," which was initially called "Athletics for Athletes." In 1974 he assisted William and Emily Harris of the SLA from California to a hideout farm in Pennsylvania.
    (SFC, 2/8/00, p.A23)

1972        Owens Corning, Ohio-based maker of insulation and other building products, stopped selling asbestos products. In 1998 it offered $1.2 billion to settle its asbestos related lawsuits, which numbered about 176,000 cases.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/6glsle)

1972-1982    Loren Maazel served as the music director of the Cleveland Symphony.
    (WSJ, 9/26/00, p.A24)

1973        Jun 1, Harvey Jr. Firestone (b.1898), American chairman of Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., died in Akron, Ohio.
.    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harvey_S._Firestone,_Jr.)

1974        Mar 29, In Ohio 8 National Guardsmen were indicted on charges stemming from the shooting deaths of 4 students at Kent State University. On Nov 8 the charges were dismissed.
    (AP, 3/29/07)

1974        Apr 3, A series of 148 deadly tornadoes struck wide parts of the South and Midwest before jumping across the border into Canada; some 330 people were killed in 13 states: Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. Total property damage was estimated at $600 million. In 2007 Mark Levine authored ~ez_ldquo~F5: Devastation, Survival, and the Most Violent Tornado Outbreak of the 20th Century.~ez_rdquo~
    (AP, 4/3/99)(WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A7)(WSJ, 6/16/07, p.P10)

1974        Jun 4, Ten Cent Beer Night was an ill-fated promotion held by the American League's Cleveland Indians during a game against the Texas Rangers at Cleveland Municipal Stadium.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten_Cent_Beer_Night)

1974        Jun 26, At the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio, Sharon Buchanon became the 1st cashier to scan a Universal Product Code (UPC) code. The 59 black and white bar code was used on a 67 cent 10-pack of Wrigley~ez_rsquo~s Juicy Fruit chewing gum. The scanner was a Spectra-Physics Model A. Norman Joseph Woodland and Bernard Silver (d.1962) had patented the 1st bar code scanner in 1952. In 1977 an int~ez_rsquo~l. version was created.
    (SFC, 7/5/04, p.E3)(SSFC, 11/6/05, p.B5)(SFC, 6/26/09, p.C3)

1974        Oct 3, Frank Robinson was named major-league baseball's first black manager as he was placed in charge of the Cleveland Indians.
    (AP, 10/3/97)

1974        Nov 8, Charges were dropped against eight Ohio National Guardsmen for their role in the deaths of four anti-war protestors at Kent State University. On March 29 a federal grand jury had indicted 8 National Guardsmen for the May 4, 1970 Kent State shootings.
    (SFC, 4/11/98, p.A15)(http://speccoll.library.kent.edu/4may70/legalchronology.html)

1974        The US National History Day project began as a yearlong program for junior and senior high school students. NHD started as a small contest in Cleveland. Members of the history department at Case Western Reserve University developed the initial idea for a history contest to make teaching and learning history a fun and exciting experience.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, p.17)(www.nationalhistoryday.org/NHDHistory.htm)

1975        Frank Robinson joined the Cleveland Indians as the 1st African American manager in major league baseball.
    (SFC, 4/11/03, p.E15)

1976        May 25, US Representative Wayne L. Hays (Democrat, Ohio) admitted to a "personal relationship" with Elizabeth Ray, a committee staff member who claimed she~ez_rsquo~d received her job in order to be Hays~ez_rsquo~ mistress.
    (AP, 5/25/00)

1976        Jun 19, Bette Midler's concert at the Cleveland Music Hall became HBO's premiere "Standing Room Only" presentation.
    (www.allbusiness.com/services/motion-pictures/4921414-1.html)

1976        Sep 1, U.S. Rep. Wayne L. Hays, D-Ohio, resigned in the wake of a scandal in which he admitted having an affair with secretary Elizabeth Ray.
    (AP, 9/1/97)

1977        Dec 14, Sheriff Richard Hongisto left SF to become police chief in Cleveland, Ohio.
    (SFC, 12/13/02, p.E8)

1977-1987    QUBE, an experiment in interactive TV, was pioneered in Columbus by Warner Cable and American Express.
    (WSJ, 7/7/99, p.A23)

1978        Dec 15, Cleveland became the first major US city since the Great Depression to default on its loans.
    (AP, 12/15/08)

1978        Dec 30, Ohio State University fired Woody Hayes as its football coach, one day after Hayes punched Clemson University player Charlie Bauman during the Gator Bowl after Bauman intercepted an Ohio pass.
    (AP, 12/30/98)

1978        Devo, a new wave band from Akron, Ohio, recorded "Are We Not Men?" The group played on the theme of de-evolution and was led by Mark Mothersbaugh.
    (SFEC, 9/27/98, DB p.41)

1979        Jan 4, Ohio officials approved an out-of-court settlement awarding $675,000 to the victims and families in the 1970 shootings at Kent State University, in which four students were killed and nine wounded by National Guard troops.
    (HN, 1/4/99)(http://members.aol.com/nrbooks/chronol.htm)

1979        Dec 3, In Ohio 11 people were killed in a crush of fans at Cincinnati's Riverfront Coliseum, where The Who, a British rock group, was performing.
    (AP, 12/3/97)(HN, 12/3/98)

1979        Aug, Twinsburg, Ohio, began holding an annual festival and parade for twins.
    (Econ, 8/14/04, p.70)

1980        Jan 11, Honda announced that it would build Japan's first US passenger-car assembly plant in Ohio.
    (HN, 1/11/99)

1980        Apr 5, Sister Margaret Ann Pahl (71) was stabbed 31 times and strangled to death. Her body was found in the chapel of Mercy Hospital, Toledo, Ohio. In 2004 Rev. Gerald Robinson (63) was arrested for the murder. In 2006 Robinson was convicted of murder. On July 4, 2014, Robinson, who continued to maintain his innocence, died in a prison hospice unit.
    (SFC, 4/24/04, p.A2)(SFC, 5/12/06, p.A3)(AP, 7/4/14)   

1980        May 13,  Ray Knight (b.1952) of the Cincinnati Reds, following an 0-for-15 slump, hit 2 home runs in the 5th inning vs. NY Mets.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ray_Knight)

1980        Oct 28, President Carter and Republican presidential nominee Ronald Reagan faced off in a nationally broadcast, 90-minute debate in Cleveland.
    (AP, 10/28/98)

1980        Ted Stepien (1925-2007), a classified ad whiz, paid $2 million for a controlling 37% share of the Cleveland Cavaliers basketball team and eventually acquired 80% of the shares. In 1983 he sold the team to George and Gordon Gund, owners of Cleveland~ez_rsquo~s Coliseum, in a deal that included his advertising business. In the 1981-1982 season the Cavaliers won 15 games and lost 67, one of the worst records in NBA history.
    (WSJ, 9/15/07, p.A6)

1981        Jun 23, The US Justice Dept. revoked citizenship from John Demjanjuk Cleveland autoworker for concealing wartime activities at immigration.
    (SFC, 2/22/02, p.A3)

1982        Mar 6, In East Cleveland, Ohio, Reginald Brooks (66) fatally shot his 3 sons while they slept shortly after his wife filed for divorce. Brooks was executed in Lucasville by lethal injection on Nov 15, 2011. He was oldest person put to death since Ohio resumed executions in 1999.
    (SFC, 11/16/11, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/7g4a4up)

c1982        AgriGeneral established an egg farm in Croton, Ohio. It changed hands and was expanded in 1996 in Mt. Victoria along with a massive fly infestation. After the fly epidemic it was fined $128,000 by the EPA for polluting a creek that fed into the 230-mile Scioto River. The operation produced 2 million eggs per day. More expansion was planned.
    (SFC, 8/4/97, p.A3)

1982        Honda, the first Japanese auto maker to start production in the US, began making the Honda Accord at Marysville, Ohio.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl F, 10/7/96, p.71)(WSJ, 4/1/09, p.A20)

1983        Jun 2, A toilet caught fire on Air Canada's DC-9 and 23 died at Cincinnati.
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1983        Dec 15, In Ohio motel clerk Helen Vantz was killed in Elyria. Ronald Post was convicted of her murder and sentenced to death. Post was granted clemency from death in 2013 on the grounds that at 450 lbs he was too obese to be executed humanely. Post (53) died in prison on July 26, 2013.
    (SFC, 7/27/13, p.A6)

1983        John W. Byrd murdered a convenience store worker. He was convicted and sentenced to death. He was executed Feb 19, 2002, by lethal injection. He had earlier chosen to die by the electric chair to demonstrate the brutality of the method.
    (SFC, 2/20/02, p.A7)

1984        Jan 14, Cynthia Ann McGee was poisoned at the Ohio State Univ. Hosp. In 2000 Dr. Michael Swango pleaded guilty to the poisoning. [see 1985]
    (SFC, 9/6/00, p.A2)

1984        Apr 7, Frank Church (59), Sen-D-Ohio, (1957-81), died.
    (MC, 4/7/02)

1984        Sep 21, In Cleveland, Ohio, Romell Broom (28) raped a murdered Tryna Middleton (14) after abducting her at knife-point as she walked home from a football game with friends. His execution in 2009 was delayed as executioners failed to find a good vein for lethal injection.
    (www.associatedcontent.com/article/2185057/romell_brooms_execution_fails_over.html)

1984        The first US Synchronized Skating championships were held in Bowling Green, Ohio, with 38 teams competing.
    (SFC, 2/23/09, p.E7)

1985        May 31, Some 41 tornadoes swept through parts of Pennsylvania, Ohio, New York and Ontario, Canada, during an eight-hour period killing 88 people with over 1,000 injured.
    (AP, 5/31/05)

1985        Sep 8, Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds tied Ty Cobb's career record for hits with a single for No. 4,191 during a game against the Cubs in Chicago.
    (AP, 9/8/99)

1985        Sep 11, Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds made his career hit 4,192 off Eric Show of San Diego Padres, eclipsing Ty Cobb's record.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1985        In Ohio Dr. Michael Swango was convicted of the non-lethal poisoning by arsenic of co-workers. He was later accused of murdering as many as 35 patients. In 2000 James B. Stewart authored ~ez_ldquo~Blind Eye: The Terrifying Story of a Doctor Who got Away With Murder.~ez_rdquo~ In 2000 Swango was sentenced to life in prison.
    (WSJ, 7/19/00, p.A22)(SFC, 9/6/00, p.A5)

1986        Jun 27, Don Rogers of the Cleveland Browns died of cocaine poisoning.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1986        Jesus Lopez-Cobos became the music director of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra.
    (SFC, 1/26/00, p.B4)

1986        Feb 27 John Demjanjuk (66), a retired auto worker from Ohio, was extradited to Israel on charges of being "Ivan the Terrible," a Nazi death camp guard who had killed tens of thousands of people. He was later convicted, but the Israeli Supreme Court overturned the ruling.
    (AP, 4/25/98)(SFC, 2/22/02, p.A3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Demjanjuk)

1986        Jun 30, In Ohio a fire at the Columbus Grove apartment complex killed 2-year-old Cynthia Collins. Ken Richey (18) acknowledged he was intoxicated that night and did not remember everything that happened. He agreed to plead no contest to charges accusing him of leaving the toddler in harm's way by failing to baby-sit the child after telling her mother that he would. He was sentenced to the 21 years. In 2008 Richey returned to Scotland.
    (AP, 1/9/08)(http://truthinjustice.org/richey-reversed.htm)

1986        Sep, In Ohio University of Akron students Dawn McCreery (20) and Wendy Offredo (21) were sexually assaulted and killed. Richard Cooey (19) and a co-defendant (17) were convicted for the sexual assaults and slayings. The co-defendant was sentenced to life in prison because of his age. Cooey was executed in 2008.
    (AP, 10/14/08)

1987        Feb 16, John Demjanjuk (66), a retired auto worker from Ohio, went on trial in Jerusalem, accused of being "Ivan the Terrible," a guard at the Treblinka concentration camp. He was convicted, but the Israeli Supreme Court overturned the ruling.
    (AP, 2/16/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Demjanjuk)

1988        Apr 25, To the cheers of spectators, a judge in Jerusalem sentenced John Demjanjuk to death after the retired Ohio autoworker was convicted of being "Ivan the Terrible," a Nazi death camp guard who had killed tens of thousands of people. Demjanjuk's conviction was overturned in 1993.
    (AP, 4/25/98)(SFC, 2/22/02, p.A3)

1988        May 2, Cincinnati Reds baseball manager Pete Rose was suspended for 30 days by National League president A. Bartlett Giamatti, two days after Rose shoved an umpire during a game won by the New York Mets, 6-5.
    (AP, 5/2/98)

1989        Jan 22, In Super Bowl XXXIII, the San Francisco 49ers came from behind to defeat the Cincinnati Bengals 20-to-16 in Miami's Joe Robbie Stadium. Joe Montana rifled a 10-yard touchdown pass to John Taylor with just 34 seconds left in the game to win.
    (AP, 1/22/99)(SSFC, 1/19/14, DB p.42)

1989        Feb 12, In Ohio the body of Joy Stewart (22) was found raped and fatally stabbed in Preble County. She was eight months pregnant at the time. Dennis McGuire was later convicted and sentenced to death. On Jan 16, 2014, McGuire (53) was executed by a new combination of lethal drugs. The process took nearly 25 minutes from injection to death and left him gasping for air in the final minutes.
    (SFC, 1/8/14, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/kdp2x6z)(SFC, 1/17/14, p.A8)

1989        Apr 10, In Ohio Jeffrey Lundgren (b.1950), a self-proclaimed prophet, led his cult in planning and executing murders of the Avery family in order to bring about a prophecy he interpreted from the Old Testament. Lundgren was convicted of five counts of murder and executed on October 24, 2006 at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville, Ohio.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeffrey_Lundgren)

1989        Jun 19, Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose sued baseball, arguing that Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti should be prevented from hearing allegations that Rose had gambled on baseball games.
    (AP, 6/19/99)

1989        Jun 25, A judge in Cincinnati temporarily blocked a hearing by baseball Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti into allegations that Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose had gambled on baseball games.
    (AP, 6/25/99)

1989        Oct 20, Smith Dairy at Orrville, Ohio, made the largest milk shake (1,575.2 gal).
    (http://library.thinkquest.org/11960/fun/records.htm)

1990        Oct 5, A jury in Cincinnati acquitted an art gallery and its director of obscenity charges stemming from an exhibit of sexually graphic photographs by Robert Mapplethorpe.
    (AP, 10/5/97)

1990        Oct 12, The Cincinnati Reds won the National League pennant, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates 2-to-1.
    (AP, 10/12/00)

1990        Dec 11, Four people died near downtown Columbus, Ohio, after their hot air balloon hit a television tower and deflated.
    (AP, 2/26/13)

1991        Feb 8, In Ohio Kenneth Biros (33) raped and killed Tami Engstrom (22) after offering her a ride home from a bar in Trumbull county. He then scattered her body parts in Ohio and Pennsylvania. Biros was executed in 2009.
    (www.forgottenoh.com/Counties/Trumbull/biroshouse.html)(SFC, 12/9/09, p.A10)

1991        May 3, Carol Lutz (24) was locked in the trunk of her car near Cleveland, Ohio, and burned to death. In 2009 Daniel Wilson (39) was executed for her killing.
    (SFC, 6/4/09, p.A4)(http://zenas.org/bacheca/index.php?carol+lutz)

1991        Feb 28, NCR Corporation acquired the Teradata Company specializing in data warehousing and analytic applications.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teradata)

1992        Jan 26, In Cincinnati, Ohio, 5 children died in an apartment fire that was set by William Garner in an attempt to hide evidence of a burglary. Garner (37) was later convicted of murder and executed on July 13, 2010.
    (SFC, 7/14/10, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/2bq5puv)

1992        Nov 3, Bill Clinton, governor of Arkansas, was elected as the 42nd president of the United States, defeating President Bush, who won 38% of the popular vote. Clinton won Ohio by 2 percentage points.
    (AP, 11/3/97)(HN, 11/3/98)(SSFC, 4/29/01, p.D1)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.31)

1992        Dec, Vice-Pres. elect Al Gore issued a press release to review plans of hazardous waste incinerator in East Livermore. The plant, located on the Ohio River and 1,100 feet from an elementary school, went into operation.
    (SFEC, 9/17/00, p.A14)

1992        Dec 24, In Ohio Marvallous Keene and three accomplices began a three-day binge of murder and robbery in Dayton that left 6 people dead. On July 21, 2009, Keene (36) was executed at a Lucasville prison, the 1000th person to die by lethal injection in the US since the death penalty was reinstated in 1976.
    (www.whiotv.com/news/20117736/detail.html)

1993        Mar 22, Cleveland Indians pitchers Steve Olin and Tim Crews were killed when the boat they were riding in slammed into a Florida pier; pitcher Bob Ojeda was seriously injured.
    (AP, 3/22/97)

1993        Apr 11, A deadly riot erupted at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville, Ohio.
    (AP, 4/11/98)

1993        Apr 21, An 11-day siege at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility near Lucasville, Ohio, ended after rioting inmates reached an agreement with prison officials. One guard and nine inmates were killed during the siege.
    (AP, 4/11/98)(AP, 4/21/98)   

1993        Jul 29, The Israeli Supreme Court acquitted retired Ohio autoworker John Demjanjuk of being Nazi death camp guard "Ivan the Terrible," and threw out his death sentence. Demjanjuk was set free. Soviet archives opened after 1991 seemed to prove that he was not Ivan the Terrible.
    (AP, 7/29/98)(Econ, 3/24/12, p.98)

1993        Nov 17, An appeals court reversed the 1986 extradition decision against retired Ohio autoworker John Demjanjuk for being Nazi death camp guard "Ivan the Terrible."
    (AP, 7/29/98)(SFC, 2/22/02, p.)

1994        May 18, The Tropical Butterfly Garden at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opened.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1994        Jul 15, During a baseball game between the Cleveland Indians and the Chicago White Sox in Chicago's Comiskey Park, umpire Dave Phillips ordered the bat of Albert Belle of the Indians to be removed from the game for later examination for illegal cork. The bat was then stolen by pitcher Jason Grimsley, who crawled through air ducts to take it. The Indians won the game 3-2 and later returned the bat under umpire threats and Belle was given a 10-game suspension that was reduced to 7 games.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, p.A3)

1994        Aug 14, In Ohio Harry Mitts Jr. shot and killed John Bryant (28) of Garfield Heights, a black man, and Sgt. Dennis Glivar (44), a white police officer. Mitts was distraught over a recent divorce and had been drinking heavily. In 2013 Mitts (61) was executed by lethal injection.
    (SFC, 9/25/13, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/pt4mewq)

1994        Sep, At the Oktoberfest in Cincinnati a record for the ~ez_lsquo~World~ez_rsquo~s Largest Chicken Dance" was set with 48,000 people dancing.
    (WSJ, 9/21/98, p.B1)

1994-1996    Dennis Kucinich served as Ohio state senator.
    (SFC, 1/10/04, p.A2)

1995        Sep 1, A ribbon-cutting ceremony was held for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio.
    (AP, 9/1/00)

1995        Oct 16-18, The US named the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio, as the site for the peace talks for the countries of the former Yugoslavia.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1995        Oct 17, The Cleveland Indians won the American League pennant by defeating the Seattle Mariners, 4-to-0, in game six of their playoff series.
    (AP, 10/17/00)

1995        Oct 26, The Cleveland Indians won their second game of the World Series by defeating the Atlanta Braves, 5-to-4, in game five.
    (AP, 10/26/00)

1995        Oct 28, The Atlanta Braves defeated the Cleveland Indians, 1-0, to win the World Series in Game 6.
    (AP, 10/28/00)

1995        Nov 6,  Cleveland Browns owner Art Modell announced plans to move his team to Baltimore.
    (AP, 11/6/00)

1995        Dec 14, An agreement for peace in Bosnia, reached at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio, was formally signed. Presidents Alija Izetbegovic of Bosnia, Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia and Franjo Tudjman of Croatia signed the Bosnian peace treaty in Paris. The agreement divided Bosnia into 2 autonomous territories and granted 51% of Bosnia to the Muslim-Croat federation and 49% to the Serbs (Republika Srpska). Elections were scheduled and a force of 60,000 Western troops was planned for deployment. A 3-member presidency and a national parliament was also part of the plan. The office of High Representative was created to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the Peace Agreement.
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A8)(SFC, 9/22/98, p.A8)(AP, 12/14/00)(www.ohr.int/)

1995        The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame opened in Cleveland.
    (SFC,10/24/97, p.E3)

1995        American Heritage Girls was founded in Cincinnati, Ohio, as a Christian alternative to the Girl Scouts. By 2004 there were some 2,800 members in 22 states.
    (USAT, 3/23/04, p.9D)

1995        Larry Wayne Harris was arrested in Lancaster for possession of bubonic plague bacteria. A search of his home found certificates identifying him as a member of the Aryan Nations Church.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A9)

1995        The Buckeye Egg Farm began operations in La Rue. A fly problem due to the chicken manure was solved by using the Darkling beetle. The beetle took care of the flies and infested the manure which was sold to local farmers. The beetles then proceeded to infest the homes of the local farmers.
    (WSJ, 11/3/97, p.A1)

1996        Feb 8, NFL and Cleveland allowed Art Modell to move his NFL franchise to Baltimore but he had to leave the Browns' name behind.
    (MC, 2/8/02)

1996        Jun, Millions of mayflies invaded Toledo, Ohio, and caused a massive power blackout when they smothered an electrical generation plant.
    (SFC, 6/29/96, p.C1)

1996        Sep 1, The record for the ~ez_lsquo~World~ez_rsquo~s Largest Chicken Dance" was broken in Canfield with 72,000 people dancing.
    (WSJ, 9/21/98, p.B1)

1996        Nov 5, Pres. William Jefferson Clinton was re-elected in the US but voters  kept Congress in Republican control. He won about 50% of the popular vote and 375 electoral votes. Republican candidate Bob Dole got 43% and 135 electoral votes. Clinton won Ohio by 6 percentage points.
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.A1)(AP, 11/5/97)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.31)
1996        Nov 5, Dennis Kucinich was elected to the US Congress.
    (SFC, 1/10/04, p.A2)

1996        The music ensemble eighth blackbird was founded by students at the Oberlin Conservatory.
    (WSJ, 5/10/01, p.A16)

1997        Feb 10, The city of Cincinnati revealed plans for a new $80-million museum for its role in the Underground Railroad during the Civil War. The museum and freedom center were scheduled to open in 2002.
    (USAT, 2/11/97, p.D1)

1997        Feb, In Wilmington 2 members of the Aryan Nations were involved in a shootout with police, the day before the group had scheduled a rally to protest Black History Month.
    (SFC, 2/20/98, p.A9)

1997        Mar 1, Severe storms hit Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi, and spawned tornadoes in Arkansas blamed for two dozen deaths.
    (AP, 3/1/98)

1997        Aug 7, Kay Halle, a glamorous Cleveland department store heiress, died at 93 in Washington. She had written for the Cleveland Plain Dealer and conducted news interviews with public figures.
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.A17)

1997        Aug 12, Steel workers in West Virginia, Ohio and Pennsylvania ended a 10-month strike at Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corp. with a new contract. It was the longest strike by a major steel company.
    (SFC, 8/13/97, p.A3)

1997        Sep 10, The ashes of Eliot Ness, FBI agent, were laid to rest in Cleveland.
    (HIR, 9/11/97, p.11B)   

1997        Sep, In Newark the new $30 mil. Longaberger Co. headquarters building was shaped like a picnic basket and designed by the NBBJ architecture firm of Columbus.
    (WSJ, 10/15/97, p.B1)

1997        Oct 18, The Florida Marlins beat the Cleveland Indians 7-4 in game one of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/18/98)

1997        Oct 19, The Cleveland Indians defeated the Florida Marlins 6-1 in game two of the World Series, evening the series at one game apiece.
    (AP, 10/19/98)

1997        Oct 22, Larry Flynt sold Hustler in a non-zoned area of Cincinnati despite a revamped city ordinance designed to keep stores selling adult materials out of downtown.
    (www.citybeat.com/archives/1998/issue406/coverarticle1.html)

1997        Oct 25, The Cleveland Indians avoided elimination in the World Series by defeating the Florida Marlins, 4-1, in game six.
    (AP, 10/25/98)

1997        Oct 26, The Florida Marlins beat the Cleveland Indians in game 7 of the Baseball World Series 3:2.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.E1)

1998        Jan 21, The FBI arrested dozens of prison guards and police officers in the Cleveland area following a 2-year sting operation on cocaine trafficking.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.A7)

1998        cJan 30, In Washington the creation of The National First Ladies~ez_rsquo~ Library was announced at the Renwick Gallery. Physical materials will be located in Canton, Ohio, in the childhood home of Ida Saxton McKinley, the 20th first lady.
    (SFC, 2/5/98, p.A8)

1998        Feb 20, US citizenship was restored to retired Ohio autoworker John Demjanjuk.
    (AP, 7/29/98)(SFC, 2/22/02, p.)

1998        May 24, A Hall of Fame for American classical music was scheduled to open in Cincinnati.
    (SFEC, 3/29/98, Par p.18)

1998        Jun 28, The Cincinnati Enquirer published an apology and agreed to pay Chiquita Brands Int~ez_rsquo~l. $10 million to avoid suit for articles critical of the company~ez_rsquo~s business. The articles were reportedly based on voice mails stolen from Chiquita. Chiquita is based in Cincinnati and is controlled by financier Carl H. Lindner Jr. Reporter Michael Gallagher was fired and later sued by Chiquita. His 18-page article alleged that Chiquita used life-threatening pesticides, had a Honduran Army raze a village to close a plantation, and that Colombian officials had been bribed to allow the shipment of drugs on its ships.
    (SFC, 6/29/98, p.A4)(SFC, 7/3/98, p.A13)

1998        Jun, Devan Duniver (5) was stabbed to death. A 12-year-old boy was charged and later sentenced to detention until age 21, though he pleaded innocence in New Philadelphia.
    (SFC, 3/17/99, p.A3)

1998        Jul 29, The Powerball jackpot of 20 East Coast states reached $292 million and the winning numbers were 8-39-43-45-49. A group of 13 machinists from Ohio, who bought their tickets in Indiana, elected to take a $161.5 million lump sum payout.
    (SFC, 7/30/98, p.A2)(SFC, 7/31/98, p.A3)

1998        Jul 31, Bicycle production at the Huffy plant in Celina ended 44 years of production and 650 workers lost their jobs.
    (SFC, 8/6/93, p.A8)

1998        Aug 19, In Cleveland 49 prison guards, police officers and sheriff~ez_rsquo~s deputies pleaded guilty to conspiracy charges related to cocaine distribution from an FBI sting operation from Oct 1996 to Jan 1998.
    (SFC, 8/20/98, p.A3)

1998        Aug 25, In Cincinnati, Ohio, 4 boys under age 11 were charged in the sexual assault of a 7-year-old girl.
    (SFC, 8/26/98, p.A3)

1998        Sep 19, At the 22nd annual Oktoberfest in Cincinnati 25,000 kazoos were distributed in an attempt to set a Guinness record for the "World~ez_rsquo~s Largest Kazoo Band."
    (WSJ, 9/21/98, p.B1)

1998        Oct 14, Frankie Yankovic (83), the Polka King from Cleveland, died. He played a Slovenian-style polka on the accordion with clarinet and saxophone as opposed to the Polish style which uses the accordion with trumpets and has a faster beat.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.C6)

1998        Nov 12, Lewis Merletti, head of the Secret Service, quit his position to coordinate security for the Cleveland Browns football team.
    (WSJ, 11/12/98, p.A1)

1999        Jan 17, In Bryan, Ohio, 3 freight trains crashed into each other and 2 crew members were killed.
    (SFC, 1/18/99, p.A5)

1999        Feb 19, Ohio inmate Wilford Berry, "The Volunteer", became the first inmate to be executed in Ohio since 1963.
    (www.drc.state.oh.us/Public/capital.htm)

1999        Apr 9, A tornado hit the Cincinnati area and 7 people were reported killed.
    (SFC, 4/10/99, p.A1)

1999        Apr 25, In Dayton Roger Troutman (47) died from gunshot wounds and Larry Troutman (54) was found dead from an apparent self-inflicted gunshot wound. The scene was described as a apparent slaying-suicide. The two had formed the 1970s band Zapp and scored a 1980 hit with "More Bounce to the Ounce." Roger Troutman recorded the 1987 hit "I Want to Be Your Man."
    (SFC, 4/26/99, p.A8)

1999        Apr 28, The Cincinnati City Council voted 5-4 to file suit for millions in damages from handgun manufacturers for expenses due to gun violence.
    (SFC, 4/28/99, p.A3)

1999        May 9, Five skydivers and their pilot died when their plane crashed after takeoff at Lakefield Airport in Montezuma.
    (SFC, 5/10/99, p.A5)

1999        May 19, The US Justice Dept. moved to revoke the citizenship of John Demjanjuk (79), a retired Cleveland autoworker, and said it had new evidence that he was a death camp guard at Treblinka during WW II.
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.A4)

1999        Jul 25, In the Cincinnati area 7 people were reported dead over the weekend from sweltering heat.
    (SFC, 7/26/99, p.A7)

1999        Aug 1, In North Lima a small plane crashed after takeoff and 4 of 5 people were killed.
    (SFC, 8/2/99, p.A5)

1999        Aug 24, A federal judge halted the state's 4-year-old tuition voucher program saying that it violated constitutional mandates for separation of church and state. Officials scrambled to absorb 3,800 students participating in the program. The judge later reversed the decision and allowed some students to use vouchers, but no new participants.
    (SFC, 8/25/99, p.A3)(SFC, 8/28/99, p.A3)

1999        Aug, Inventure Place in Akron, home of the National Inventors Hall of Fame designed by Polshek and Partners, won the American Institute of Architect's honor award.
    (SFEC, 8/8/99, p.C18)

1999        Sep 1, In Brooklyn, Ohio, police began ticketing motorists using cell phones while driving.
    (SFC, 9/2/99, p.A6)

1999        Oct 21, The US Justice Dept. sued the city of Columbus, Ohio, for a pattern of civil rights violations by the police.
    (WSJ, 10/22/99, p.A1)

1999        Oct 29, In Cleveland, Ohio, 4 white 9th grade students at South High, ages 14-15, were arrested for planning a Columbine-styled racial massacre.
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.A3)(SFC, 11/1/99, p.A3)

1999        Nov 2, In Columbus Michael Coleman (44) was elected as the first black mayor of the city.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.A17)

1999        Nov 23, In Stone Creek fog on I-77 caused a pileup of 20 cars that left 2 people dead and 15 to hospitals.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.A12)

1999        Nov, The new $125 million Center of Science and Industry opened in Columbus. It was designed by Arata Isozaki.
    (WSJ, 11/10/99, p.B14)

1999        Dec 20, A federal judge ruled that a school voucher program in Cleveland violates the Constitution's separation of church and state.
    (SFC, 12/21/99, p.A1)

1999        David Longaberger, head of a basket-making empire, died. In 2001 his autobiography was published: "Longaberger: An American Success Story."
    (WSJ, 4/3/01, p.A22)

2000        Jan 24, Paavo Jarvi was selected to succeed Jesus Lopez-Cobos as the music director of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra.
    (SFC, 1/26/00, p.B4)

2000        Apr 7, A Civil Rights Memorial was dedicated at Miami Univ. in Oxford for the 3 young men killed in Mississippi in 1964. James Chaney, Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner had trained at the Western College for Women, which became part of Miami Univ.
    (SFC, 4/8/00, p.A10)

2000        Apr 25, The state motto, "with God, all things are possible," was declared unconstitutional by a federal appeals court.
    (SFC, 4/26/00, p.B8)

2000        Sep 1, In Cincinnati officer Kevin Crayon (40) died of head injuries when he fell from a moving car. He was trying to stop Courtney Mathis (12) from driving and shot Mathis in an apparent attempt to stop the car from hitting some children. Mathis died 4 hours later while under surgery.
    (SFC, 9/2/00, p.A2)

2000        Sep 4, In Ava, Noble County, Richard Pangle (27), his wife Sheryl (29) and their 5 children (5-12), were found dead inside their burning trailer in what appeared to be a murder-suicide.
    (SFC, 9/5/00, p.A7)

2000        Sep, A possible tornado in Xenia killed at least one person and inured 100 with widespread damage to homes and businesses.
    (SFC, 9/23/00, p.A22)

2000        Oct 3, In Ravenna Theresa Andrews (23) was found buried in the dirt floor of a garage owned by Michelle Bica (39). Andrews, missing since Sep 27, had been pregnant and was found with her abdomen cut and baby missing. The baby was found asleep in the suspect~ez_rsquo~s home.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.A4)

2000        Nov 7, Derrick Seaver (18) became the youngest resident ever elected to the state legislature.
    (SFC, 11/23/01, p.D5)

2000        Nov 17, In Cincinnati at least 6 people were arrested following protests against meetings of corporate executives from the US and Europe for the Transatlantic Business Dialogue.
    (SFC, 11/18/00, .A3)

2000        Dec 11, A federal appeals court declared the Cleveland school voucher program unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 12/12/00, p.A3)

2001        Mar 4, Former 4-term Gov. James A. Rhodes died at age 91.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A24)

2001        Mar 21, Ronnie Davis, San Francisco Housing Chief, was indicted in Ohio for stealing hundreds of thousands of dollars during his tenure at the Cleveland housing authority.
    (SFC, 3/22/01, p.A1)

2001        Apr 7, In Cincinnati Timothy Thomas (19) was shot to death by Officer Stephen Roach who tried to arrest him on 14 warrants.  Roach was later charged with negligent homicide and obstructing official business. Roach was acquitted Sep 26.
    (SFC, 4/11/01, p.A10)(SFC, 5/8/01, p.A3)(SFC, 9/27/01, p.A11)

2001        Apr 10, A 2nd day of riots took place in Cincinnati due to the death 4 days earlier of Timothy Thomas (19), who was shot to death by police who tried to arrest him on 14 warrants.
    (SFC, 4/11/01, p.A10)

2001        Apr 12, In Cincinnati Mayor Charles Luken imposed a citywide curfew and other measures to prevent a 4th night of riots following the fatal shooting of an unarmed black man by police.
    (SFC, 4/13/01, p.A1)

2001        Apr 15, Mayor Luken rolled back Cincinnati~ez_rsquo~s dawn-to-dusk curfew to 11 p.m.
    (SFC, 4/16/01, p.A1)

2001        Apr 16, Mayor Luken lifted Cincinnati~ez_rsquo~s citywide curfew.
    (SFC, 4/17/01, p.A3)

2001        Jun 5, Ohio health officials urged 5,800 students near alliance to bet vaccinated against meningitis due to the recent deaths of 2 students.
    (WSJ, 6/6/01, p.A1)

2001        Jul 3, In Columbus Brian Dalton (22) was sentenced to 10 years in prison for fiction writing in his journal about sexually abusing and torturing children.
    (SFC, 7/5/01, p.A4)

2001        Jul 18, Thunderstorms in southwestern Ohio killed 3 people.
    (SFC, 7/19/01, p.A6)

2001        Jul 29, A tractor engine exploded at a county fair and 4 people were killed in Medina.
    (SFC, 7/30/01, p.A3)

2001        Sep 26, In Cincinnati Stephen Roach, a white police officer, was acquitted of all charges in the April shooting of Timothy Thomas (19). The acquittal sparked more unrest.
    (SFC, 9/27/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 9/28/01, p.A1)

2001        Oct 16, Nancy Fitzgivens (53), social worker, was stabbed to death in Columbus while interviewing a couple whose 7 children she had helped take away.
    (SFC, 10/18/01, p.C2)

2001        Nov, Ohio banned the use of the electric chair for criminal executions.
    (SFC, 2/20/02, p.A7)

2001        Terry Ryan authored "the Prize Winner of Defiance, Ohio: How My Mother Raised 10 Kids on 25 Words or Less."
    (SSFC, 4/1/01, BR p.1)

2002        Jan 11, Frank Gruttadauria (44), Lehman Brothers stockbroker, was last seen in Cleveland. It was later reported that $300 million were missing from the accounts of some 2 dozen Lehman clients. Gruttadauria turned himself in Feb 9.
    (WSJ, 2/8/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/10/02, p.A15)

2002        Feb 15, Peter Voulkos (b.1924), ceramic artist, died in Bowling Green, Ohio.
    (www.ceramicsculpture.com/Pages-Voulkos/obit.htm)

2002        Feb 19, Virginia Esther Hamilton, award winning black author, died in Dayton at age 65. Her 35 children~ez_rsquo~s books "Zeely" (1967) and "M.C. Higgins, the Great" (1973).
    (SFC, 2/25/02, p.B6)

2002        Feb 21, A US federal judge stripped John Demjanjuk (81), retired Cleveland autoworker, of his citizenship a 2nd time for concealing wartime activities at immigration.
    (SFC, 2/22/02, p.A3)

2002        Mar 16, In Ohio Brittanie Cecil (13) was struck by a flying hockey puck during a game between the hometown Columbus Blue Jackets and the Calgary Flames; she died two days later.
    (AP, 3/15/07)

2002        Mar 18, In Ohio Brittanie Cecil (13) died 2 days after being hit by a hockey puck while watching an NHL game between the Columbus Blue Jackets and Calgary Flames. It was apparently the first such fan fatality in NHL history.
    (SFC, 3/20/02, p.A2)(AP, 3/18/07)

2002        Apr 3, Cincinnati agreed to restrictions on the use of force and announced plans to establish an independent agency to investigate police brutality complaints.
    (SFC, 4/4/02, p.A4)

2002        Apr 10, In Ohio a state appeals court declared a ban on concealed weapons to be unconstitutional. 5 other states, all in the Midwest, carried similar laws banning concealed weapons.
    (SFC, 4/11/02, p.A7)

2002        Apr 11, Rep. James A Traficant Jr. (60), Democrat from Youngstown, was convicted on 10 felony counts of racketeering and corruption.
    (SFC, 4/12/02, p.A3)

2002        Apr 28, Storms hit the Ohio and Tennessee valleys with tornadoes in Missouri and Maryland. At least 6 people were killed.
    (SFC, 4/29/02, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/30/02, p.A1)(AP, 4/28/07)

2002        May 28, Mildred Wirt Benson (96), newspaperwoman and creator of the "Nancy Drew" children's mystery stories (1930), died in Toledo, Ohio. She wrote under the direction of Edward Stratemeyer and used the pen name Carolyn Keene.
    (WSJ, 5/31/02, p.A13)(AP, 5/28/03)(http://tinyurl.com/e39rt)

2002        Jun 27, The US Supreme Court ruled to allow random drug searches in public schools on students who engage in extracurricular activities. The court also upheld a Cleveland school voucher program in Zelman vs. Simmons-Harris.
    (SFC, 6/28/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/10/03, p.D5)

2002        Jul 24, The US House voted 420-1 to oust Rep. James Traficant, an Ohio Democrat. On  July 30 Traficant was sentenced to 8 years in prison for bribery and racketeering.
    (SFC, 7/25/02, p.A1)(SFC, 7/31/02, p.A4)(SFC, 9/2/09, p.A6)

2002        Jul 30, Expelled from Congress a week earlier, an unrepentant Ohio Democrat James A. Traficant Jr. was sentenced to eight years behind bars for corruption and made it clear he intended to run for re-election from his prison cell ~ez_mdash~ and expected to win. He didn't. Traficant was released from prison in Rochester, Minnesota, on Sep 2, 2009.
    (AP, 7/30/03)(SFC, 9/3/09, p.A6)

2002        Nov 10, A series of pulverizing storms barreled through more than a half-dozen US states including Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi and Pennsylvania, killing at least 36 people. More than 100 were injured.
    (SFC, 11/12/02, p.A4)(AP, 11/10/07)

2002        Ohio launched its Third Frontier program, a visionary initiative within the Department of Development to firmly establish the state as an innovation leader. With a 10-year initial life and a bipartisan commitment of $1.6 billion, the Ohio Third Frontier expands the state's high-tech research capabilities that are designed to accelerate the pace of commercialization within Ohio.
    (http://thirdfrontier.com/)

2003        Jan 3, Ohio State beat Miami in the Fiesta Bowl 31-24 in double overtime to become the national college football champion.
    (SFC, 1/4/03, p.C1)

2003        Apr 8, In Ohio a Dassault Aviation Falcon 20 crashed short of the runway at Toledo Express Airport and 3 people were killed.
    (SFC, 4/9/03, p.A3)

2003        Apr 13, In Columbus, Ohio, a fire at a student-rented house left 5 people dead.
    (SFC, 4/14/03, p.A1)

2003        Apr 21, In Cleveland Amanda Berry (16) went missing. In 2013 she and two other kidnapped women were found alive in a residential area just south of downtown. 3 brothers were arrested.
    (AP, 5/7/13)

2003        May 9, In Cleveland, Ohio, Biswanath Halder (62), a camouflage-clad gunman, fired hundreds of rounds as he roamed the halls of the Case Western Univ. Weatherhead School of management, killing Norman Wallace (30), of Youngstown and wounding others. He was arrested after a 7-hour standoff. Halder was later convicted and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 5/10/03, p.A3)(SSFC, 5/11/03, p.A1)(AP, 5/9/08)

2003        Jul 4, Manuel Gehring (44) shot and killed his 2 children, Philip (11) and Sarah (14), following a dispute with his wife in Concord, NH. He was later arrested in Gilroy, Ca. He confessed to police that he shot and killed his 2 children in New Hampshire and buried them in the Midwest. In 2005 authorities found the bodies of the 2 children buried off I-80 in Ohio. Gehring committed suicide in his jail cell on February 19, 2004 at the Merrimack County Jail in Boscawen, New Hampshire.
    (SFC, 8/1/03, p.A3)(SSFC, 12/4/05, p.A22)(http://tinyurl.com/62dfka)

2003        Jul 13, In Ohio Benjamin White (17) grabbed Casey Hilmer (13) as she was jogging in suburban Indian Hills, dragged her to a wooded area and stabbed her in the face and neck. In 2005 jurors decided that his parents must bear most of the responsibility, as they awarded $10 million to the injured victim and her family.
    (AP, 8/21/05)

2003        cAug 19, An Ohio auto-parts worker shot a woman to death and wounded 2 other employees in Andover.
    (WSJ, 8/20/03, p.A1)

2003        Oct 13, Ohio Democratic congressman Dennis Kucinich formally kicked off his presidential bid.
    (AP, 10/13/04)

2003        Nov 20, The Archdiocese of Cincinnati agreed to pay $10,000 in fines after pleading no contest to failing to inform authorities about sex-abuse allegations.
    (WSJ, 11/21/03, p.A1)

2003        Nov 25, Gail Knisley (62) was shot and killed while riding in a car on a highway in Columbus, Ohio. It was the only fatality in a series of shootings that terrified area drivers. A suspect, Charles A. McCoy Jr., was arrested March 17, 2004. McCoy later pleaded guilty to manslaughter and 10 other charges, and was sentenced to 27 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/25/04)(AP, 11/25/08)

2003        Nov 28, In Ohio authorities said for the 1st time they had linked the Nov. 25 death of Gail Knisley to at least one of 10 other reports of shots fired at vehicles along I-270.
    (AP, 11/29/03)

2003        Nov 30, In Cincinnati, Ohio, a 350-pound black man died after being clubbed by police. An autopsy showed that Nathaniel Jones (41) had an enlarged heart and that his blood contained cocaine and PCP.
    (SFC, 12/2/03, p.A3)

2003        Dec 2, Authorities in Ohio announced that they had linked 12 shootings along a five-mile stretch of interstate around Columbus, including one that killed a woman and another that broke a window at an elementary school. A suspect was arrested the following March. Charles A. McCoy Jr., later pleaded guilty to manslaughter and 10 other charges, and was sentenced to 27 years in prison.
    (AP, 12/2/04)(AP, 12/2/08)

2003        Dec 18, An Ohio school district suspended classes after bullet holes were found in 2 of its buses.
    (WSJ, 12/19/03, p.A1)

2004        Jan 6, The Ohio Lottery awarded $162 million to Rebecca Jemison (34). Elicia Battle (40), who initially claimed to have lost the Dec 30 winning ticket, recanted on Jan 8.
    (SFC, 1/9/04, p.A2)

2004        Jan 9, An Ohio woman who'd claimed to have lost a lottery ticket worth $162 million was charged with filing a false police report. Elecia Battle was later convicted of the misdemeanor and put on one year's probation.
    (AP, 1/9/05)

2004        Jan 21, Ohio lawmakers gave final approval to a measure banning gay marriage and prohibiting state employees from getting benefits for domestic partners. Gov. Bob Taft said he would sign it pending a legal review.
    (SFC, 1/22/04, p.A1)

2004        Jan 26, Cleveland City Hall began a domestic partner's registry, the 1st in the nation created by voters.
    (SFC, 1/27/04, p.A3)

2004        Feb 3, The Ohio Legislature approved a ban on same-sex marriage and barred benefits to both homosexual and heterosexual domestic partners. Gov. Taft planned to sign the bill.
    (SFC, 2/4/04, p.A6)

2004        Feb 16, In Ohio a crane collapsed at an I-80 bridge near Toledo and 3 workers were killed.
    (WSJ, 2/17/04, p.A1)

2004        Mar 8, An Ohio nuclear power plant was allowed to reopen following a 2-year shutdown over an acid leak.
    (WSJ, 3/9/04, p.A1)

2004        Mar 15, Ohio police identified Charles A. McCoy Jr. (28) as the gunman in two dozen highway shootings that have terrorized motorists for months.
    (AP, 3/16/04)(SFC, 3/18/04, p.A4)

2004        Mar 17, Charles A. McCoy Jr., suspected in a series of highway shootings in central Ohio, was arrested in Las Vegas.
    (AP, 3/17/05)

2004        May, Ohio began allowing payment of child support via debit cards.
    (USAT, 1/30/04, p.7A)

2004        Jun 14, John Ashcroft unsealed an indictment against Nuradin Abdi, a Somali immigrant, on charges of plotting with al Qaeda operatives to blow up a shopping mall in Columbus, Ohio. Abdi was arrested on immigration charges on Nov 28, 2003. Abdi was sentenced to 10 years in prison in 2007 after pleading guilty in an alleged plot to blow up an Ohio shopping mall.
    (SFC, 6/15/04, p.A3)(AP, 2/27/09)

2004        Aug 18, Two campers were found slain at Fish Head Beach in Sonoma Ct., Ca. Lindsay Cutshall (23) of Fresno, Ohio, and Jason Allen (26) of Holland, Mich., were found with gunshots to the head. They had planned a wedding next month.
    (SFC, 8/21/04, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jenner,_California_Double-Murder_of_2004)

2004        Aug 21, In Ohio health officials said cases of gastrointestinal illness had risen to 510 from people in the Put-in-Bay resort area.
    (SSFC, 8/22/04, p.A3)

2004        Sep 2, Ohio began checkpoints along its border with Michigan to prevent transport of firewood from Michigan to stop the spread of emerald ash borer, a tree-killing beetle.
    (SFC, 9/3/04, p.A7)

2004        Sep 12, In Columbus, Ohio, a suspected arson fire in an apartment complex left 10 people dead.
    (SFC, 9/13/04, p.A3)

2004        Oct 24, A fire in Toledo, Ohio, killed 7 children.
    (USAT, 10/27/04, p.3A)

2004        Nov 2, In US presidential elections a federal appeals court cleared the way for political parties to send in people to challenge voters' eligibility at Ohio polling places. US Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens allowed Republicans to challenge voter qualifications at the polls in Ohio. Pres. Bush won the elections spending an estimated $5.20 for each of his votes.
    (AP, 11/2/04)(Econ, 9/27/08, p.50)

2004        Dec 6, Ohio certified President Bush's victory over John Kerry, even as the Kerry campaign and third-party candidates prepared to demand a statewide recount. Bush won Ohio by 118,600 votes.
    (AP, 12/06/05)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.31)

2004        Dec 8, In Columbus, Ohio, Nathan Gale (25) charged on stage and opened fire on a heavy metal band at a crowded bar, killing top heavy metal guitarist "Dimebag" Darrell Abbott and 3 others and wounding two before being killed by police.
    (AP, 12/9/04)(SFC, 12/10/04, p.A3)

2005        Jan 26, In Ohio an employee at the Toledo North Assembly Jeep plant shot 3 co-workers, killing one, before taking his own life.
    (SFC, 1/27/05, p.A3)

2005        Feb 24, In Ohio Rosemarie Essa was killed in a car crash after losing consciousness. Her husband Dr. Yazeed Essa vanished in 2006 and was arrested months later in Cyprus. In 2009 he returned to Cleveland to face murder charges. In 2010 Dr. Essa (41) was convicted of lacing her calcium supplement with cyanide so that he could be with his mistress.
    (SSFC, 1/11/09, p.A4)(www.amw.com/fugitives/case.cfm?id=37583)(SFC, 3/6/10, p.A5)

2005        Apr 24, An unusual spring storm dumped nearly 2 feet of wet snow on parts of the Midwest and Appalachians, covering newly sprouting plants, snapping power lines and taking a bite out of baseball. 80,000 in the Cleveland area lost their electricity.
    (AP, 4/25/05)(WSJ, 4/25/05, p.A1)

2005        May 21, In east Cleveland, Ohio, a fire broke out during a sleepover at a crowded house, killing Medeia Carter (33), 4 of her children and 4 other children. In 2010 a judge ruled that suspect Antun Lewis (27) is mentally disabled and can~ez_rsquo~t face execution. On Feb 14, 2011, Lewis was convicted for the arson deaths.
    (AP, 5/22/05)(SFC, 12/28/10, p.A6)(SFC, 2/15/11, p.A10)

2005        May 27, A lawyer for Thomas Noe, Ohio coin dealer and Republican Party man, reported that as much as $13 million of the state~ez_rsquo~s $50 million investment in Noe~ez_rsquo~s rare coin fund could not be accounted for [see Oct 27].
    (SFC, 5/28/05, p.A4)

2005        May 29, In Bellefontaine, Ohio, an 18-year-old who was about to graduate from high school is believed to have fatally shot his grandparents, mother and two family friends before killing himself.
    (AP, 5/30/05)

2005        Jun 23, Ohio Republican Gov. Bob Taft was reported to be mired in a scandal that started with a questionable state investment in rare coins. It had the governor and other Republicans all the way to Pres. Bush scrambling to give back potentially tainted campaign contributions.
    (AP, 6/23/05)

2005        Aug 9, Charles McCoy Jr. pleaded guilty to involuntary manslaughter and 10 other charges in a series of Ohio highway shootings and was sentenced to 27 years in prison.
    (AP, 8/9/06)

2005        Aug 10, Tennessee prison inmate George Hyatte and his wife, Jennifer, surrendered in Columbus, Ohio, a day after she'd allegedly ambushed two prison guards at a courthouse, killing one of them, to help her husband escape. Jennifer Hyatte was later sentenced to life in prison by agreeing to testify against her husband. George Hyatte, already facing 41 years of incarceration, awaited trial in the murder of Wayne Morgan and escaping jail.
    (AP, 8/10/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingston_courthouse_shooting)

2005        Aug 18, Ohio Gov. Bob Taft pleaded no contest to charges that he broke state ethics law by failing to report golf outings and other gifts. A judge found him guilty and fined him $4,000.
    (AP, 8/18/05)

2005        Sep 1, It was reported that 13% (64 of 490) of the female students at Timken Senior High School in, Canton, Ohio are pregnant. One girl, eight months pregnant, said she believes the school's abstinence-based sex education program isn't enough.
    (AP, 9/1/05)(http://cantonrep.com/index.php?ID=238435)

2005         Sep 19, In Ohio Katelind Caudill (13) was shot and killed by Melvin Keeling (43) because she told authorities her best friend was being molested. Keeling fled the Cincinnati area. He was also sought for the killing of 2 convenience store clerks, Lisa Kendall (29) and Kendora Furr (38) at the Family Express store in Remington, Indiana. On Sep 28 more than a dozen investigators on the Keeling task force combed the woods in Gary, Indiana and found the fugitive's wallet, ID and other personal items a few blocks from where Keeling abandoned his van. Tracking dogs also followed Keeling's scent from the wooded area to nearby train tracks. He was an apparent suicide.
    (SFC, 9/22/05, p.A6)(www.amw.com/fugitives/brief.cfm?id=34686)

2005        Oct 15, In Toledo, Ohio, a riot broke out when protesters confronted members of the National Socialist Movement who had gathered at a city park. More than 100 people were arrested and one officer was seriously injured.
    (AP, 10/16/05)

2005        Oct 27, Tom Noe, a coin dealer already embroiled in an Ohio state government scandal, was charged with funneling $45,400 to other people to contribute to President Bush's re-election campaign in an attempt to skirt a $2,000 limit on individual contributions. In Sep, 2006, Noe was sentenced to 2 years and 3 months in prison and fined $136,200 for the illegal contributions. He still faced trial for embezzlement. In Nov, 2006, Noe was convicted of theft, corrupt activity, money laundering, forgery and tampering with records and sentenced to 18 years in prison.
    (AP, 10/28/05)(SFC, 9/13/06, p.A4)(AP, 11/20/06)

2005        Nov 8, In Ohio Cincinnati voters elected a black mayor for the first time. State Sen. Mark Mallory defeated Councilman David Pepper, both Democrats, in a nonpartisan mayoral runoff.
    (AP, 11/9/05)

2005        Nov 25, US federal agents in Cleveland arrested Imam Damra, the spiritual leader of Ohio~ez_rsquo~s biggest mosque, as they began the process of deporting him for his ties to terrorist groups.
    (WSJ, 11/26/05, p.A1)

2005        Nov 29, Ohio carried out the nation's 999th execution since 1977, putting to death a man who strangled his mother-in-law while high on cocaine and later killed his 5-year-old stepdaughter to cover up the crime.
    (AP, 11/29/05)

2005        Dec 1, A dog and its owner found the bodies of Sarah and Philip Gehring, two children who'd been fatally shot by their father and buried in rural Ohio.
    (AP, 12/1/06)

2005        Dec 28, In Cleveland an immigration judge renewed the order that John Demjanjuk (85), a retired auto worker accused of being a Nazi concentration camp guard at Sobibor in Poland (1943), be deported to his native Ukraine. Demjanjuk appealed the deportation order. In 2009 Demjanjuk was set to be deported to stand murder charges in Munich, Germany, but won a last minute stay on his 89th birthday. The stay was revoked a few days later.
    (SFC, 12/29/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/29/05, p.A1)(SFC, 4/4/09, p.A6)(SFC, 4/7/09, p.A6)

2005        The Fugitive Safe Surrender program began in Cleveland, Ohio. It allowed fugitives accused of nonviolent crimes to safely surrender at churches. The program went nationwide until 2011, when funding for it was dropped by the US Marshals Service.
    (SFC, 3/7/11, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/4cllt7m)

2006        Jan 2, No. 4 Ohio State beat No. 5 Notre Dame 34-20 in the Fiesta Bowl.
    (AP, 1/2/07)

2006        Jan 15, A spokesman said Rep Bob Ney, an Ohio Republican implicated in a lobbying corruption investigation, will step aside temporarily as chairman of the US House Administration Committee.
    (AP, 1/16/06)

2006        Jan 20, FirstEnergy agreed to a record $28 million fine as workers at its Ohio Davis-Besse nuclear power station were accused of providing false statements on cleaning and inspections at the reactor vessel head.
    (WSJ, 1/21/06, p.A6)

2006        Feb 21, US federal courts in Ohio charged 3 men, originally from Jordan and Lebanon, with conspiring to kill US forces in Iraq.
    (SFC, 2/22/06, p.A3)

2006        Mar 10, Ohio State, acknowledging eight of nine violations alleged by the NCAA, was placed on three years' probation.
    (AP, 3/10/07)

2006        May 2, Joseph Clark was executed at a state prison in Lucasville, Ohio. After Clark was finally pronounced dead, 86 minutes after the process began, an autopsy showed 19 needle puncture wounds from the process. In 2007 Irma Clark filed suit in the Cincinnati, Ohio, district court, alleging her son was exposed to "excessive suffering" violating the US constitution.
    (AFP, 7/3/07)

2006        May 8, A former top aide to Ohio Republican Rep. Bob Ney pleaded guilty and agreed to cooperate in the corruption and influence-peddling investigation involving lobbyist Jack Abramoff.
    (Reuters, 5/8/06)

2006        May 11, A priest was convicted in Toledo, Ohio, of murdering a nun; the Rev. Gerald Robinson was immediately sentenced to 15 years to life in prison for the 1980 death of Sister Margaret Ann Pahl.
    (AP, 5/11/07)

2006        Jun 18, American Delegates at the Episcopal General Convention in Columbus, Ohio, elected Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori (52) as their next leader. She would become the first woman to lead any member of the global Anglican Communion.
    (SFC, 6/19/06, p.A2)

2006        Aug 9, In Ohio Osama Sabhi Abulhassan (20) and Ali Houssaiky (20), both of Dearborn, Mich., were charged with money laundering in support of terrorism after authorities said they found airplane passenger lists and information on airport security checkpoints in their car.
    (AP, 8/9/06)

2006        Sep 15, US Rep. Bob Ney, R-Ohio, agreed to plead guilty to two criminal charges in the congressional corruption probe spawned by disgraced lobbyist Jack Abramoff.
    (AP, 9/15/07)

2006        Sep, In Kenya farmers in the Machakos region built small dams and water retention ponds on the Ikiwe River with some $70,000 in aid from people in Archbold, Ohio. The Archbold Mennonite Church project was part of Foods Resource Bank, a Michigan-based hunger fighting organization that connects urban churches with rural farm groups.
    (WSJ, 4/23/07, p.A1)

2006        Oct 13, Ohio Representative Bob Ney pleaded guilty in a federal court to conspiracy and making false statements as part of the Jack Abramoff lobbying scandal.
    (AP, 10/13/06)

2006        Oct 24, Ohio executed Jeffrey Lundgren (56), a religious cult leader, for the 1989 murder of a family of five followers who were taken one at a time to a barn, bound and shot to death. The youngest was a girl just 7 years old. Lundgren argued at his trial in 1990 that he was prophet of God and therefore not deserving of the death penalty.
    (AP, 10/24/06)

2006        Nov 3, US Rep. Bob Ney, R-Ohio, who had pleaded guilty in the Jack Abramoff influence-peddling investigation, resigned from Congress.
    (AP, 11/3/07)

2006        Nov 8, US Democrats took over Republican~ez_ndash~held mansions in 6 states to boast 28 of the nation~ez_rsquo~s 50 governors. In Massachusetts Deval Patrick succeeded Mit Romney; in Ohio Ted Strickland won over Kenneth Blackwell by 24 percent; Bill Ritter won in Colorado.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.39)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.31)

2006        Dec 17, In Ohio a plane crashed in a field killing Paul and Lillian Martin of Austin, Texas, and their two children.
    (AP, 12/18/06)

2006        Dec 27, Ohio~ez_rsquo~s state Supreme Court publicly reprimanded Gov. Bob Taft for his ethics violations in office, a black mark that will stay on his permanent record as an attorney.
    (AP, 12/27/06)

2006        The US Ohio national guard began helping in a training program for the Serbian army.
    (Econ, 10/24/09, p.64)

2007        Jan 19, Former Ohio Rep. Bob Ney was sentenced to 2  years in federal prison for trading political favors for gifts and campaign donations from lobbyist Jack Abramoff.
    (AP, 1/19/07)

2007        Feb 7, Blowing snow and intense cold was blamed for two more deaths, a total of 13 nationwide since the cold settled in, and kept schools closed for a second and in some cases a third day across much of Ohio and West Virginia.
    (AP, 2/7/07)

2007        Mar 2, A charter bus carrying a college baseball team from Ohio~ez_rsquo~s Mennonite-affiliated Bluffton University plunged off a highway ramp in Georgia and slammed into the pavement below, killing six people, injuring 29 and scattering sports equipment across the road. A 7th player died from his injuries on Mar 9.
    (AP, 3/2/07)(AP, 3/9/07)

2007        Mar 14, Chiquita Brands Int~ez_rsquo~l., a Cincinnati-based banana company, agreed to pay a $25 million fine after admitting that it paid a Colombian terrorist group (AUC) for protection in a volatile farming region. Chiquita sold its Colombian banana operations in June, 2004.
    (SFC, 3/15/07, p.A5)

2007        May 14, Charles Y. Lazarus (b.1914), the last of four generations to run the iconic Federated Dept. store in Columbus, Ohio, died in Columbus.
    (WSJ, 5/19/07, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_Lazarus)

2007        May 24, Ohio death row inmate Christopher Newton was executed by injection; it took him 16 minutes to die, more than twice the usual amount of time, once chemicals began flowing into his veins, which the execution team had had trouble locating.
    (AP, 5/24/08)

2007        Jun 21, Bob Evans (89), sausage maven, died in Ohio. In 2007 his Bob Evans Farms restaurant chain, begun in 1953, numbered 579 outlets in 18 states.
    (WSJ, 6/23/07, p.A8)(AP, 6/21/08)

2007        Jun 23, In Canton, Ohio, authorities found the body of Jessie Davis (26), who had disappeared a week earlier. Davis was pregnant and due to deliver on July 3. Police arrested Bobby Cutts Jr. (30), Davis~ez_rsquo~ boyfriend and the father of Davis~ez_rsquo~ two-year-old son. Myisha Ferrel, a former classmate Bobby Cutts, was arrested the next day in connection with the murder. In 2008 Cutts was convicted of aggravated murder and sentenced to 57 years to life in prison.
    (SSFC, 6/24/07, p.A6)(SFC, 6/25/07, p.A5)(SFC, 2/16/08, p.A4)(AP, 6/23/08)

2007        Jul 5, In Cleveland, Ohio, Terrance Hough (35), an off-duty fireman angered by a noisy Fourth of July party, shot and killed 3 people.
    (SFC, 7/6/07, p.A7)

2007        Jul 20, In Ohio an ambulance heading to a hospital was broadsided by a car in Crane Township and 5 people were killed including 3 EMT technicians and 2 patients.
    (SFC, 7/21/07, p.A3)

2007        Aug 23, Ohio~ez_rsquo~s Gov. Ted Strickland said more than 1,000 people were flooded out of their homes after heavy rain that swamped communities across the Midwest sent Ohio's rivers spilling over their banks.
    (AP, 8/23/07)

2007        Sep 5, In Virginia US Rep. Paul Gillmor (68), a Republican from Ohio, was found dead in his apartment in Arlington.
    (SFC, 9/6/07, p.A7)

2007        Oct 1, Teradata Corporation, a hardware and software vendor specializing in data warehousing and analytic applications, was spun off from NCR Corp. As of 2010 the former division of NCR is the largest company in Dayton, Ohio, with headquarters in Miamisburg, Ohio.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teradata)

2007        Oct 9, American Electric Power (AEP) of Columbus, Ohio, accused of spreading smog and acid rain across a dozen states, agreed to pay at least $4.6 billion to cut chemical emissions in what the government called the nation's largest environmental settlement.
    (AP, 10/9/07)

2007        Oct 10, In Cleveland, Ohio, Asa H. Coon (14), armed with two revolvers, opened fire at the SuccessTech Academy alternative school, wounding two students and two teachers before fatally shooting himself. He had a history of mental problems and was known for cursing at teachers and bickering with students. Coon, who was white, stood out in the predominantly black school for dressing in a Goth style, wearing a black trench coat, black boots, a dog collar and chains.
    (AP, 10/11/07)(SFC, 10/11/07, p.A6)

2007        Oct 20, In Ohio Daniel Petric (16) shot his parents, killing his mother and wounding his father,  after they took away the Halo 3 video game from him. In 2009 a judge ruled Petric guilty of murder.
    (AP, 1/13/09)(http://pysih.com/2007/10/21/daniel-petric/)

2007        Oct 21,     Paul Byrd, pitcher for the Cleveland Indians, acknowledged that he had used human growth hormone from August 2002 to January 2005 due to a pituitary gland issue. An investigation was pending as Major League Baseball and the Indians said they had not been aware of Byrd~ez_rsquo~s use of the muscle building substance.
    (SFC, 10/22/07, p.A1)

2007        Nov 13, CC Sabathia won the AL Cy Young Award to become the first Cleveland pitcher in 35 years to earn the honor.
    (AP, 11/13/08)

2007        Nov 26, Roger Lee Dillon (22), his girlfriend, Nicole N. Boyd (24), and Dillon~ez_rsquo~s mother, Sharon Lee Gregory (48), stole $7.4 million in cash and checks from an Ohio armored car company. They were arrested Dec 1 in West Virginia.
    (AP, 12/1/07)(SFC, 12/17/07, p.A8)

2007        Dec 1, Roger Lee Dillon (22) and his girlfriend, Nicole N. Boyd (24), were arrested in West Virginia for the disappearance of $7 million in cash and checks from an Ohio armored car company. The disappearance of the money was discovered Nov 26.
    (AP, 12/1/07)

2007        Dec 30, In Ohio a drunken driver went about four miles down a highway in the wrong direction before his pickup truck slammed into a minivan, killing a woman and four children and injuring three others. All 8 had been visiting family in Michigan and were returning to Maryland.
    (AP, 12/31/07)

2008        Jan 24, Dennis Kucinich (b.1946), US Congressmen for Ohio, announced that he is dropping his long-shot bid for president.
    (WSJ, 1/25/08, p.A1)

2008        Feb 7, In Portsmouth, Ohio, William Michael Layne (56) stabbed his estranged wife in front of her 5th grade class and girl friend in an alley behind her home and then shot himself dead in a standoff with police. Both women were in critical condition.
    (AP, 2/9/08)

2008        Mar 4, John McCain clinched the Republican nomination. Hillary Clinton won primaries in Texas, Ohio and Rhode Island, halting Barack Obama's winning streak. Obama won in Vermont. Obama came away with a large share of delegates, too, in counting that continued.
    (AP, 3/5/08)

2008        Mar 8, Over 20 inches of snow in Columbus, Ohio, eclipsed the February 1910 record of 15.3 inches. At least 7 deaths were linked to the Midwest snowstorm.
    (SFC, 3/10/08, p.A6)

2008        Mar 10, Highway and utility crews cleared major highways in time for morning commuters following the weekend snowstorm that buried parts of Ohio in as much as 20 inches of snow. The storm battered a wide band from the lower Mississippi Valley to New England.
    (AP, 3/10/08)

2008        Mar 12, Howard Metzenbaum (b.1917), self-made millionaire and former Ohio Senator (1976-1995), died in Florida.
    (SFC, 3/13/08, p.A10)

2008        Apr 5, Skybus Airlines, a low-cost carrier based in Columbus, Ohio, shut down and filed for bankruptcy protection, becoming the latest of the nation's airlines to fall because of rising fuel costs and a slowing economy.
    (AP, 4/5/08)(SFC, 4/8/08, p.D3)

2008        Apr 7, In Ohio 9 mortgage lenders agreed to modify adjustable-rate mortgages for borrowers facing foreclosure. In Pennsylvania mortgage companies and consumer advocates opened talks to help cash-strapped homeowners avoid foreclosure. Last week Maryland~ez_rsquo~s Gov. signed a measure creating a 150-day moratorium on foreclosures.
    (WSJ, 4/8/08, p.A4)

2008        May 14, Marc Dann (46), Ohio~ez_rsquo~s attorney general, resigned under threat of impeachment due to an extramarital affair with an employee.
    (SFC, 5/15/08, p.A7)

2008        Jun 3, In Ohio Christopher Paul (44), pleaded guilty to planning terrorist attacks. He was accused of joining al-Qaida in the early 1990s and helping teach Muslim extremists how to bomb US and european targets.
    (http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5iVlFdiHopuka4A5g4J-eVGRq-BzgD912SEC80)

2008        Jun 25, In Cleveland, Ohio, 3 teenagers beat a homeless man to death as passers-by slowed to watch the attack, some of which was caught on videotape. Anthony Waters (42) suffered a lacerated spleen and broken ribs during the attack and died at a hospital.
    (AP, 6/27/08)

2008        Aug 12, It was reported that Akron inventor Charlie Grispin, chief technical officer of PolyFlow Corp., had developed a new process to recycle plastic and that a demonstration plant in Akron showed how the process broke all manner of plastics into their base chemicals.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6xfw5s)(www.polyflowcorp.com/)

2008        Aug 20, Stephanie Tubbs Jones (b.1949), Ohio~ez_rsquo~s first black congresswoman, died in Cleveland following a brain hemorrhage. She was first elected in 1998.
    (SFC, 8/21/08, p.A3)

2008        Aug 26, An Ohio jury convicted Andrew Siemaszko, a former nuclear plant engineer, of hiding information in 2001 about reactor corrosion at the Davis-Besse plant along Lake Erie. Siemaszko~ez_rsquo~s attorney~ez_rsquo~s said the plant~ez_rsquo~s owner set him up as a scapegoat because he spoke out about safety concerns.
    (WSJ, 8/27/08, p.A1)

2008        Oct 3, The Great Lakes Governors (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin) applauded President George W. Bush for signing a joint resolution of Congress providing consent to the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Compact.  It barred new diversions beyond the Great Lakes Basin.
    (www.cglg.org/projects/water/CompactConsent.asp)(Econ, 5/22/10, p.36)

2008        Oct 14, Ohio executed Richard Cooey (41), a 5-foot-7, 267-pound double murderer (1986), who had argued that his obesity made death by lethal injection inhumane.
    (AP, 10/14/08)

2008        Oct 24, PNC Financial Services Group Inc agreed to purchase ailing Ohio-based National City Corp in a government-supported $5.6 billion deal that will create the No. 5 U.S. bank by deposits.
    (Reuters, 10/25/08)

2008        Nov 1, A gunman fatally shot Cincinnati minister Rev. Donald Fairbanks Sr. and wounded a church deacon just after the two men arrived at a northern Kentucky church to attend a funeral. Frederick L. Davis, of Covington, quickly surrendered to police and was charged with murder, first degree assault, criminal mischief and violating an emergency protection order.
    (AP, 11/2/08)

2008        Dec 31, SF ended the year with 98 homicides. In Milwaukee, Wisc., the total number of homicides dropped 32%, from 105 in 2007 to 71 in 2008, the lowest number since 1985. Detroit had 344 slayings, a 13% drop from the 396 in 2007; Philadelphia's 332 killings were a 15% drop from the 392 in 2007; and the 234 homicides in Baltimore were 17% less than the 392 the year before. Cleveland recorded 102 homicides in 2008, down from a 13-year high of 134 in 2007. Homicides in New York rose 5.2%, to 522 from 496 the year before. Slayings in Los Angeles were down to 376 in 2008 compared to 400 the prior year. Preliminary data in Chicago showed 508 homicides were reported in 2008, the first time the city had more than 500 murders since 2003 and about 15% more than the 442 homicides reported in 2007. Washington, D.C., ended 2008 with 186 homicides, up from 181 in 2007.
    (SFC, 1/2/09, p.1)(AP, 1/3/09)

2008        India-based Tata Consultancy Services opened a new facility in Milford, Ohio.
    (Econ, 11/5/11, p.74)

2009        Jan 10, A winter storm left large swaths of the Midwest and Northeast covered in snow and freezing rain. 10 inches of snow forced some 100 cancellations at Chicago~ez_rsquo~s O~ez_rsquo~Hare Int~ez_rsquo~l. Airport. At least 8 inches fell on lower Michigan and Ohio.
    (SSFC, 1/11/09, p.A14)

2009        Jan 12, Minnesota officials said lab tests had confirmed salmonella bacteria in a five pound container of King Nut brand peanut butter. King Nut of Solon, Ohio, had recalled the product on January 10. At least 6 people had been killed and over 470 sickened nationwide in 43 states.
    (WSJ, 1/13/09, p.A2)(SFC, 1/20/09, p.A12)

2009        Jan 28, President Barack Obama signed requests from Kentucky Gov. Steve Beshear and Arkansas Gov. Mike Beebe for federal emergency declarations as crews worked around the clock to resurrect power lines downed by thick ice in both states. Since the storm began building on Jan 26, the weather has been blamed for at least six deaths in Texas, four in Arkansas, three in Virginia, six in Missouri, two in Oklahoma, and one each in Indiana and Ohio.
    (AP, 1/29/09)

2009        Feb 6, In Ohio Gertrude "Trudy" Steuernagel, a Kent State University professor, died a week after she was severely injured in a Jan 29 beating by Sky Walker (18), her autistic son.
    (AP, 2/25/09)

2009        Mar 5, In Ohio 5 people were found killed  in one of Cleveland~ez_rsquo~s most horrific shootings in years. Davon Crawford (33), a newlywed, was suspected of killing his wife, his sister-in-law and three young children. Crawford shot himself in the head the next day as police confronted in a home where he was hiding.
    (AP, 3/6/09)(SFC, 3/7/09, p.A6)

2009        Mar 11, German prosecutors said they have charged retired Ohio auto worker John Demjanjuk (88) with more than 29,000 counts of accessory to murder for his time as a guard at the Nazis' Sobibor death camp, and will seek his extradition from the US.
    (AP, 3/11/09)

2009        Apr 10, A US immigration board rejected suspected Nazi death camp guard John Demjanjuk's appeal of an extradition order, paving the way for deportation to Germany to face charges he committed atrocities.
    (AFP, 4/10/09)

2009        May 12, John Demjanjuk, retired Ohio autoworker, arrived at a German prison after 3 decades of fighting in court. He was deported from the US to face allegations of being an accessory to the murder of 29,000 Jews and others as a guard at the Nazis' Sobibor death camp.
    (AP, 5/12/09)

2009        Oct 10, Christy Harp of Jackson township, Ohio, won the Ohio Valley Giant Pumpkin Growers annual weigh-off with a world record 1,725-pound Atlantic giant pumpkin.
    (SSFC, 10/11/09, p.A14)

2009        Oct 13, In Ohio a woman being driven around in a rented limousine pulled up at a Burlington coat store and announced she'd won the lottery and would pay for everyone's purchases. Linda Brown (44) ended up causing a riot when customers realized it was a hoax. When the limousine driver realized he wasn't going to be paid the $900 Brown owed him for the day's rental, he turned her in to police.
    (AP, 10/15/09)

2009        Oct 21, In Toledo, Ohio, Mohammad Zaki Amawi (29) was sentenced to 20 years in jail for plotting to recruit and train terrorists to kill US soldiers in Iraq. Marwan Othman El-Hindi (46) was sentenced to 12 years. The two men and a third defendant had been found guilty in 2008. The third man has yet to be sentenced.
    (SFC, 10/22/09, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/ygnbfpt)

2009        Oct 29, In Cleveland, Ohio, police found the remains of 6 bodies at the home of Anthony Sowell (50) as they tried to arrest him on charges of felonious assault and rape. Sowell, a convicted rapist, was arrested on Oct 31. 5 more bodies were soon found at Sowell~ez_rsquo~s home. The women had begun disappearing in 2007. On July 22, 2011, Sowell was convicted of killing 11 women.
    (SSFC, 11/1/09, p.A20)(SFC, 11/5/09, p.A10)(SFC, 7/23/11, p.A4)

2009        Nov 13, Ohio became the first US state to adopt a procedure for lethal injections that uses just one drug, thiopental sodium.
    (SFC, 11/14/09, p.A4)

2009        Nov 23, Ohio police seized about 35 pipe bombs, an assortment of firearms, hundreds of rounds of ammunition at the Cuyahoga Falls apartment of Mark Campano (56), a former doctor, following two loud explosions. Citing a history of drug dependency, the Medical Board of Ohio had removed Campano's license in 2006.
    (AP, 11/26/09)(SFC, 11/28/09, p.A5)

2009        Dec 5, In Ohio a barn fire killed two workers and 43 horses at a harness racing track in Lebanon.
    (AP, 12/7/09)

2009        Dec 8, Ohio executed Kenneth Biros (51) by performing the nation's first lethal injection using a single drug, sodium thiopental, a supposedly less painful method than previous executions that required 3 drugs. Biros killed Tami Engstrom (22) in 1991 after offering her a ride home from a bar. He then scattered her body parts in Ohio and Pennsylvania.
    (AP, 12/8/09)(SFC, 12/9/09, p.A10)

2009        Dec 17, Cincinnati Bengals receiver Chris Henry (26) died in North Carolina, a day after falling out of the back of a pickup truck during what police said was a domestic dispute with his fiancee.
    (AP, 12/17/09)

2010        Jan 1, In the Rose Bowl at Pasadena Terrelle Pryor passed for a career-high 266 yards and two touchdowns, rushed for 72 more and threw a 17-yard scoring pass to DeVier Posey with 7:02 to play, leading the No. 8 Buckeyes to a 26-17 victory over No. 7 Oregon.
    (AP, 1/2/10)

2010        Mar 9, An Ohio State Univ. custodian, Nathaniel Brown (51), killed a supervisor and wounded another and then killed himself. Brown had been told that he was being fired.
    (SFC, 3/10/10, p.A4)

2010        Mar 28, US federal agents in Ohio arrested 2 members Hutaree, a Christian militia group ~ez_ldquo~preparing for end time battles to keep the testimony of Jesus Christ alive.~ez_rdquo~ A 3rd person was arrested the next day in Indiana as part of an investigation led by the FBI in Michigan.
    (SFC, 3/29/10, p.A6)

2010        May 4, Ohio voters passed ballot proposal Issue 1. It allowed the state to issue $700 million of bonds to finance research and development for the so-called ~ez_ldquo~Third Frontier~ez_rdquo~ program, which was launched in 2002
    (Econ, 5/1/10, p.34)(http://tinyurl.com/25tu3te)

2010        May 5, Raymond Towler (52) was freed from prison in Ohio after DNA evidence showed that he did not rape an 11-year-old girl in 1981. Towler had spent almost 30 years in prison.
    (SFC, 5/6/10, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/2usdrhr)

2010        May 6, An E.coli outbreak, possibly linked to tainted lettuce, sickened at least 19 people in Ohio, New York and Michigan prompting a recall throughout much of the US. Freshway Food in Sidney, Ohio, said it was recalling lettuce sold in 23 states and Washington DC.
    (SFC, 5/7/10, p.A4)

2010        May 23, Ohio executed Michael Beuke, a hitchhiker who killed a motorist in 1983. Beuke recited prayers for 17 minutes before he was executed. On Nov 18 new state prison rules were announced under which the final words of condemned prisoners could be edited or shortened.
    (SFC, 11/19/10, p.A7)

2010        Jun 3, In Ohio Hor Akl and his wife Amera Akl were taken into custody in Toledo for conspiring to provide thousands of dollars to Hezbollah.
    (SFC, 6/4/10, p.A6)

2010        Jun 6, In Ohio a tornado killed 5 people. The tornado that hit Wood and Ottawa counties had estimated winds of up to 165 mph and was by far the most severe of four confirmed tornadoes to strike northern Ohio over the weekend.
    (AP, 6/7/10)(AP, 6/8/10)

2010        Jul 8, Cleveland Basketball star LeBron James said to a national TV audience. "I'm going to take my talents to South Beach and join the Miami Heat." Once James shared his secret, fans poured out of the same downtown bars and restaurants that have thrived during these tough economic times. A few set fire to his No. 23 jersey while others threw rocks at the 10-story-tall billboard featuring James with his head tossed back and arms pointing skyward.
    (AP, 7/9/10)

2010        Jul 19, Despite being rebuffed twice by the US Supreme Court, five states (Michigan, Wisconsin, Ohio, Minnesota and Pennsylvania) filed suit with a lower court demanding tougher federal and municipal action to prevent Asian carp from overrunning the Great Lakes and decimating their fishing industry.
    (AP, 7/19/10)

2010        Aug 10, In Ohio Roderick Davie (38) was executed by lethal injection for the murder of 2 co-workers at a pet supply company in 1991.
    (SFC, 8/11/10, p.A4)

2010        Nov 2, Iowa (Terry Branstad), Kansas (Sam Brownback), Maine (Paul LePage), Michigan (Rick Snyder), New Mexico (Susana Martinez), Ohio (John Kasich), Oklahoma (Mary Fallin), Pennsylvania (Tom Corbett), Tennessee (Bill Haslam), Wisconsin (Scott Walker), Wyoming (Matt Mead) all replaced the Democratic governors with Republicans. Snyder (R) defeated Michigan Gov. Jennifer Granholm (D) by bragging about his managerial skills.
    (Econ, 11/6/10, p.45)

2010        Nov 10, In Howard, Ohio, Tina Herrmann (32) and her 2 children went missing along with friend Stephanie Sprang (41). Sarah Maynard (13) was found alive on Nov 14 in the Mount Vernon basement of the home of Mathew Hoffman (30), an unemployed tree trimmer. The bodies of Tina, Sprang and Kody Maynard were found on Nov 18 in a hollow tree central Ohio. On Jan 6, 2011, Hoffman admitted killing the 3 people and raping a 13-year-old girl. He was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SSFC, 11/14/10, p.A14)(SFC, 11/19/10, p.A11)(SFC, 1/7/11, p.A6)

2011        Jan 1, In Ohio sheriff~ez_rsquo~s deputy Suzanne Hopper (40) was shot dead as she tried to photograph a footprint at a trailer park in Enon. Michael Ferryman (57), the suspected shooter, died in a gunbattle with police.
    (SSFC, 1/2/11, p.A10)(SFC, 1/3/11, p.A4)

2011        Jan 12, In Ohio Rev. Raleigh Trammell (73), former national chairman of the Southern Christian leadership Conference, was indicted on 51 charges that included grand theft, forgery and tampering with government records.
    (SFC, 1/13/11, p.A6)

2011        Jan 26, In Ohio police witnessed large quantities of marijuana being transferred from a South Columbus warehouse to a van, which they intercepted along with two smugglers, Hector Martinez (36) of Columbus and Luis Miranda (24) of Phoenix, Ariz. They were arrested and charged with possession of marijuana. About 2,055 pounds of marijuana were collected.
    (Reuters, 1/29/11)

2011        Jan 28, Authorities in Columbus, Ohio, seized about 800 more pounds of marijuana from Mexico during a 2nd raid in 3 days. The total street value from the 2 raids was estimated at $3.5 million, as well as almost $1 million in cash.
    (Reuters, 1/29/11)

2011        Feb 6, In Ohio a shooting at a fraternity party near Youngstown State Univ. killed one student and left 11 others injured. On Aug 31, 2012, Columbus Jones (23) was sentenced to 92 years to life in prison for the shootings that killed Jamail Johnson (25).
    (SFC, 2/7/11, p.A4)(SFC, 9/1/12, p.A4)
2011        Feb 6, In Ohio some 15 tanker cars, each carrying over 30,000 gallons of ethanol, exploded and burned after half the cars of a 62-car train derailed in Arcadia.
    (SFC, 2/7/11, p.A4)

2011        Feb 17, In Ohio Frank Spisak (59), who shot three people to death nearly 30 years ago on the campus of Cleveland State University in a shooting rampage that targeted African Americans, was executed. His racially motivated shooting spree took place from February 1982 to August 1982. During his 1983 trial, Spisak grew a Hitler-style mustache, carried a copy of Hitler's book "Mein Kampf" and gave the Nazi salute to the jury.
    (www.cbsnews.com/8301-504083_162-20032917-504083.html)(SFC, 2/18/11, p.A5)

2011        Mar 8, In Cleveland, Ohio, the prosecutor's office charged Joseph Harwell with six counts of aggravated murder, two counts of rape and six counts of kidnapping in the deaths of Mary Thomas (27) in 1989 and Tondilear Harge (33) in 1996. Harwell had already pleaded guilty to fatally strangling a woman near Columbus in 1997 and was currently serving 15 years to life at a prison in Mansfield.
    (AP, 3/9/11)

2011        Mar 19, In Sandusky, Ohio, police officer Andrew Dunn (30) died after exchanging gunshots with bicyclist Kevin Randleman (50).
    (SSFC, 3/20/11, p.A10)

2011        Mar 30, The Ohio Legislature pass a bill severely limiting union rights for 350,000 public workers. Gov. John Kasich was expected to sign it this week.
    (SFC, 3/31/11, p.A8)

2011        Apr 12, Ohio executed a two-time murderer using pentobarbital as a stand-alone execution drug. Clarence Carter (49) was the 2nd inmate in the country executed with the surgical sedative.
    (SFC, 4/13/11, p.A5)

2011        Apr 16, In Oak Harbor, Ohio, deputies found the bodies of Alan Atwater (31), his wife Dawn (30), and their 3 children, ages 1-4, all dead with gunshot wounds. Atwater had just called 911 to say he had killed his wife and 3 children and was getting ready to kill himself.
    (SFC, 4/16/11, p.A10)

2011        Apr 30, In Ohio Randle Lee Roberts II (27) died in a shootout with police about a half hour after a girl found the bodies of her relatives in a home near West Union. The dead included George Stephens (68), the grandfather of Roberts' wife. The others were Sonja Stephens (46), Kendra Stephens (34) and her 11-year-old daughter, Harley.
    (AP, 5/1/11)(SSFC, 5/1/11, p.A10)

2011        May 4, In Costa Rica Ohio teenager Caity Jones died in the Pacific Ocean when she was pulled by an undertow current. Two other students, on a school mission trip, were swept out with her. The body of James Smith was recovered the next day. The body of Kai Lamar was recovered on May 6.
    (AP, 5/5/11)(AP, 5/6/11)

2011        Jun 19, In Ohio a small plane crashed near Columbus killing 2 people.
    (SFC, 6/20/11, p.A5)

2011        Jun 30, Ohio Republican Governor John Kasich signed into law a bill that allows gun owners in the state to carry concealed weapons into bars and other places where alcohol is served. The law also prohibits gun owners from consuming alcohol or being under the influence of alcohol or drugs when they carry their weapons into bars.
    (AP, 6/30/11)

2011        Jul 30, In Ohio a new model of a Wright brothers biplane crashed near Springfield killing 2 volunteer pilots.
    (SFC, 8/1/11, p.A5)

2011        Aug 6, In Ohio an 18-year-old attending summer classes at the University of Cincinnati was struck by a campus officer's stun gun and died of cardiac arrest.
    (AP, 8/6/11)

2011        Aug 7, In Ohio a family argument outside Akron ended in the shooting deaths of eight people in two places, including an 11-year-old. Two more people were wounded.
    (AP, 8/8/11)

2011        Aug 13, Ctirad Masin (81), a controversial anti-communist fighter in the former nation of Czechoslovakia, died in Cleveland, Ohio. He had eluded a massive East Bloc manhunt during the Cold War.
    (AP, 8/13/11)

2011        Sep 1, Ohio officials said the Lake Erie Correctional Institution in Ashtabula county has been sold to Corrections Corporation of America for $72.7 million. This was the first US prison to be sold to a private company.
    (SFC, 9/2/11, p.A8)

2011        Oct 18, In Ohio sheriff's deputies shot 48 animals, including 18 rare Bengal tigers and 17 lions, after Terry Thompson, owner of the private Muskingum County Animal Farm near Zanesville, threw their cages open and then committed suicide.
    (AP, 10/20/11)

2011        Nov 8, Ohioans decisively rejected the state's collective-bargaining law night, repealing Republican Governor John Kasich's signature legislation in a referendum that could reverberate into 2012. SB5 would have prevent public-employee unions from collective bargaining, prohibited strikes and forced teachers, police offers and firefighters to contribute a set amount toward their health benefits and pensions.
    (AP, 11/8/11)

2011        Nov 23, US federal authorities in Ohio charged Sam Mullet and six others with hate crimes in haircutting attacks against other Amish.
    (SFC, 11/24/11, p.A14)

2011        Nov 25, In Ohio two bodies were found believed to be related to a Craigslist ad that according to police lured victims to a lethal robbery scheme that already left one person dead. Two people related to the killings were custody. A 3rd body was found in the same area. On Oct 30, 2012, Ohio teenager Brogan Rafferty was convicted of aggravated murder for his role in the plot. Prosecutors said Brogan shot and killed 3 victims after robbing them.
    (SFC, 11/26/11, p.A6)(SSFC, 12/4/11, p.A14)    (SFC, 10/31/12, p.A4)

2011        Dec 24, In Ohio a single-engine plane crashed 50 miles southeast of Columbus killing 2 women on board. The pilot died of his injuries a day later.
    (SFC, 12/26/11, p.A7)

2012        Jan 3, An expert hired by the state of Ohio said a 4.0 magnitude earthquake in Ohio on New Year's Eve did not occur naturally and may have been caused by high-pressure liquid injection related to oil and gas exploration and production.
    (Reuters, 1/3/12)

2012        Feb 27, In Ohio a shooting at Chardon High School outside Cleveland put the school on lockdown. The alleged shooter, identified as T.J. Lane (17), killed one student and wounded three others. Two soon died from their wounds bringing the death toll to 3.
    (AP, 2/27/12)(AP, 2/28/12)

2012        Mar 1, In Ohio an adoptive father was charged with raping three boys in his care and compelling prostitution by hiring the 10-year-old out for sex. He and two other men remained in jail on rape charges.
    (AP, 3/1/12)

2012        Mar 2, A string of violent storms scratched away small towns in the South and Midwest as an early season tornado outbreak left 39 people in 5 states, including 14 in Indiana, 19 in Kentucky, 3 in Ohio and one each in Alabama and Georgia.
    (AP, 3/3/12)(http://tinyurl.com/6u9f2bp)(SFC, 3/5/12, p.A9)

2012        Mar 6, Ten US states voted in the Super Tuesday Republican primaries. Republican presidential frontrunner Mitt Romney edged out conservative rival Rick Santorum in the vital battleground of Ohio and won five of the night's other contests. Romney also notched victories in Alaska, Idaho, Vermont, Virginia and his home-state of Massachusetts, while Santorum won North Dakota, Oklahoma and Tennessee, and Newt Gingrich carried his home state of Georgia.
    (SFC, 3/7/12, p.A6)(Econ, 3/10/12, p.18)
2012        Mar 6, Dennis Kucinich, a colorful liberal in Congress who tried to have former President George W. Bush impeached over the Iraq war, was defeated in Ohio by a fellow Democratic incumbent in the first of 11 primary races this year pitting members of the US House against each other.
    (Reuters, 3/7/12)

2012        Mar 9, Ohio state regulators said a dozen earthquakes in northeastern Ohio were almost certainly induced by injection of gas-drilling wastewater into the earth and announced tougher regulations for drillers.
    (SFC, 3/10/12, p.A5)

2012        Mar 14, In Ohio John Mallett stabbed 4 people in a random assault in and outside a trade school in Columbus. In 2013 he was found not guilty by reason of insanity.
    (SFC, 6/11/13, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/kcwszoq)

2012        Mar 16, Cincinnati, Ohio, was ranked No. 1 in a list of American cities with the most bedbugs. It retained the rating in 2013.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ka8hyrl)(SFC, 8/21/13, p.A8)

2012        Mar 30, In Ohio Jessica Rae Sacco (21) was found dead in her apartment in Urbana. She had been stabbed, suffocated and dismembered in a bathtub before some of her remains were taken across the state line to Kentucky. 5 people were soon arrested including her on-and-off boyfriend. Matthew Puccio (25) was among five people charged in connection with the death of Sacco. Puccio said he met her through Facebook while looking for new friends and that he met two of his alleged accomplices at a library just three days before the killing.
    (SFC, 4/2/12, p.A5)(AP, 4/8/12)

2012        Apr 30, In Ohio 5 people, claiming to be anarchists, were arrested in Cleveland for trying to blow up a four-lane bridge across the Cuyahoga Valley National Park. The explosive devices were inoperable and controlled by an undercover FBI agent. On Sep 5 three of the men admitted their roles in the bomb scheme in a move to avoid life in prison. A 4th had pleaded guilty earlier. On Oct 7, 2013, Joshua Stafford (25), the last of the five defendants, was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7p5kn2k)(SFC, 9/6/12, p.A5)(SFC, 10/8/12, p.A5)

2012        Jun 3, In Ohio a car crash killed 3 students including the drive who was to graduate later in the day. A 4th student about to graduate, died soon after of injuries suffered in the crash. A fifth student was injured.
    (AP, 6/4/12)

2012        Jun 30, Millions across the mid-Atlantic region sweltered in the aftermath of violent storms that pummeled the eastern US with high winds and downed trees, killing 24 people and leaving 3 million without power during a heat wave. At least six of the dead were killed in Virginia. 2 young cousins in New Jersey were killed when a tree fell on their tent while camping. 2 were killed in Maryland, one in Ohio, one in Kentucky and one in Washington.
    (AP, 6/30/12)(SFC, 7/3/12, p.A8)(Econ, 7/7/12, p.32)

2012        Jul 16, In Lebanon, Ohio, investigators said a high school student was at the center of a marijuana distribution ring that was taking in as much as $20,000 a month. A year-long investigation culminated in the arrest of the teen and 7 adults.
    (SFC, 7/17/12, p.A8)

2012        Aug 4, In Ohio John Wise (67) shot and killed his wife of 45 years in her hospital bed. Barbara Wise (65) had suffered three cerebral aneurysms that left her unable to speak. Mercy killing was not a legal defense option in Ohio. On Nov 8, 2013, John Wise was convicted of murder. On Dec 13 Wise was sentenced to six years in prison.
    (SFC, 11/4/13, p.A5)(SFC, 11/9/13, p.A10)(SFC, 12/14/13, p.A6)

2012        Aug 31, The Ohio state Dept. of Health said a woman~ez_rsquo~s death this week was related to H3N2v, a new strain of swine flu. 12 new cases were reported in the US during the week.
    (SFC, 9/1/12, p.A4)

2012        Sep 20, In Cleveland, Ohio, Samuel Mullet and 15 Amish followers were convicted of federal conspiracy and hate crimes for orchestrating a series of beard and hair-cutting attacks in 2011.
    (SFC, 9/21/12, p.A7)

2012        Dec 19, Norwegian energy company Statoil ASA said it has bought 70,000 acres of land rich in gas and liquid gas in West Virginia and Ohio.
    (AP, 12/19/12)

2013        Jan 1, Ten states kicked off the new year with a minimum wage rise of between 10 and 35 cents. The rises went into effect in Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Missouri, Montana, Ohio, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont and Washington.
    (Reuters, 1/1/13)

2013        Jan 26, Pennsylvania police said Stephen Baker (62), a Franciscan brother, was found dead of a self-inflicted knife wound at the St. Bernardine monastery. Baker was named in recent settlements involving 11 men who alleged that he sexually abused them 3 decades ago in Ohio. More people soon came forward with abuse claims in Pennsylvania, where Baker had taught and coached.
    (SSFC, 1/27/13, p.A6)(SFC, 2/25/13, p.A4)

2013        Feb 8, in Ohio Samuel Mullet Sr. (67), the ringleader of hair- and beard-cutting attacks on fellow members of his faith, was sentenced to 15 years in prison. Family members convicted of carrying out his orders got sentences ranging from one to seven years.
    (AP, 2/7/13)

2013        Mar 6, Ohio executed Frederick Treesh for the fatal shooting of a bookstore security guard in 1994. He was pronounced dead after a single powerful dose of pentobarbital.
    (SFC, 3/7/13, p.A5)

2013        Mar 10, In Middlefield, Ohio, James Gilkerson (42) exited his parked car and then fired 37 AK-47 shots at the officers and their patrol car. Officers Erin Thomas and Brandon Savage returned fire, killing Gilkerson.
    (www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wu8koHqEEPo)(http://tinyurl.com/cztx3kd)
2013        Mar 10, In Warren, Ohio, a stolen SUV with 8 teenagers flipped over into a pond, killing six of them.
    (AP, 3/11/13)

2013        Mar 17, In Ohio 2 members of the Steubenville high school football team were found guilty of raping a drunken 16-year-old girl after a drinking party last August 11. On Nov 25 a superintendent and two coaches were charged with lying or failure to report possible child abuse.
    (SFC, 3/18/13, p.A5)(SFC, 11/26/13, p.A6)
2013        Mar 17, It was reported that Lake Erie is sick and that a dead zone covers a large portion of the lake bottom due to a poisonous blue-green algae called Microcystis enhanced by high levels of phosphorous from fertilizer runoff. The problem was compounded by the zebra mussel, a foreign invader discovered in 1988, which excretes phosphorous providing Microcystis a ready-made meal.
    (SSFC, 3/17/13, p.A15)

2013        Mar 19, In Ohio T.J. Lane (18) cursed and gestured obscenely as he was given three life sentences for shooting to death three students at the  Chardon High School cafeteria in Feb, 2012.
    (AP, 3/20/13)

2013        May 6, In Cleveland 3 women, Amanda Berry (27), Gina DeJesus (23) and Michelle Knight (32), who went missing separately about a decade ago, when they were in their teens or early 20s, were found alive in a residential area just south of downtown. 3 brothers, Ariel Castro (52), Pedro (54) and Onil Castro (50) were arrested. On May 8 Ariel Castro was charged with kidnapping and rape of the 3 women. His two borthers were not charged. On July 26 Ariel Castro pleaded guilty to 937 counts in a deal to avoid the death penalty. 
    (AP, 5/7/13)(AP, 5/8/13)(SFC, 5/8/13, p.A10)(AP, 5/9/13)(SFC, 7/27/13, p.A6)

2013        Jun 22, In Ohio a plane carrying wing walker Jane Wicker crashed at The Vectren Air Show near Dayton. Wicker and the pilot were killed.
    (SSFC, 6/23/13, p.A7)

2013        Jul 19, Ohio police arrested Michael Madison (35), a registered sex offender, after finding a female body in a garage in East Cleveland. Two more bodies were found the next day. Authorities believed the victims were killed in the last 6-10 days.
    (SFC, 7/22/13, p.A4)

2013        Jul 22, In Ohio a federal judge granted marriage rights to a same-sex couple residing in the state as one of the partners neared death. Ohio at this time did not recognize such unions. This highlighted a new front for gay rights activists seeking to expand rights for couples living in states that are unfriendly to same-sex marriage.
    (CSM, 7/24/13)(SFC, 7/24/13, p.A8)

2013        Aug 1, In Ohio Ariel Castro (53), the man convicted of holding three women captive and raping them for a decade, was sentenced to life without parole plus 1,000 years.
    (SFC, 8/2/13, p.A6)

2013        Sep 3, In Ohio Ariel Castro, sentenced to life in prison for the kidnapping, rape and beatings of three Cleveland women he held captive in his house for a decade, was found hanged in his prison cell. Authorities later said his death may have been due to autoerotic asphyxiation. Consultants later said he committed suicide by hanging.
    (Reuters, 9/4/13)(SFC, 10/11/12, p.A4)(SFC, 12/4/13, p.A7)

2013        Oct 18, In Ohio a police cruiser crashed into a car at an intersection in Upper Arlington killing 6 members of a family of Iraqi immigrants, whose car had stopped in the middle of the intersection.
    (SFC, 10/18/12, p.A6)

2013        Oct 24, In Ohio Ali Salim (44), a former doctor, pleaded guilty to two counts of involuntary manslaughter in the 2012 deaths of Deanna Ballman (23) and her unborn child. He had injected her with heroin.
    (SFC, 10/25/13, p.A6)

2013        Nov 14, In Ohio a jury convicted Bobby Thompson (67) on all 23 counts in a $100 million, cross-country Navy veterans charity fraud case. Authorities said he is Harvard trained attorney John Donald Cody, who disappeared in 2010 and was arrested last year in Portland, Ore.
    (SFC, 11/15/13, p.A7)

2013        Nov 15, In Ohio six horses were killed on rural roads after over three dozen escaped from a farm near Covington. Three people injured in the road accidents.
    (SFC, 11/16/13, p.A6)

2013        Dec 15, In Ohio Jerrod Metsker (24) was arrested for the murder of Reann Murphy (9). The girl was last seen playing a day earlier at a mobile home park where she lived in Smithville. Her body was found about 5 hours after she was reported missing.
    (SFC, 12/16/13, p.A6)

2013        Dec 16, In Ohio Bobby Thompson (67), aka John Donald Cody, was sentenced to 28 years in prison for masterminding a $100 million Navy veteran~ez_rsquo~s charity fraud across the US.
    (SFC, 12/17/13, p.A5)

2013        Dec 23, A federal judge ordered Ohio authorities to recognize same-sex marriages on death certificates.
    (SFC, 12/23/13, p.A5)

2014        Jan 16, In Ohio Dennis McGuire (53) was executed by a new combination of lethal drugs for the 1989 rape and murder of Joy Stewart (22), who was pregnant. The execution took nearly 25 minutes from injection to death and left him gasping for air in the final minutes.
    (SFC, 1/8/14, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/kdp2x6z)(SFC, 1/17/14, p.A8)

2014        Jan 26, In Ohio an apartment building fire killed two firefighters in Toledo. On Feb 3 building owner Ray Abou-Arab (61) was arraigned on charges of aggravated murder and arson.
    (SFC, 2/4/14, p.A4)

2014        Jul 22, In Ohio Jordie Callahan (28) was convicted of enslaving a mentally disabled woman for two years along with other charges. Callahan was sentenced to 30 years in prison. Jessica Hunt (33), his convicted girlfriend, was sentenced on July 24 to 32 years in federal prison. 
    (SFC, 7/23/14, p.A7)(SFC, 7/25/14, p.A7)

2014        Aug 2, Toledo, Ohio, issued the warning just after midnight after tests at a treatment plant showed two sample readings for microsystin above the standard for consumption. The city said not to boil the water because that would only increase the toxin's concentration. The mayor also warned that children should not shower or bathe in the water and that it shouldn't be given to pets. The water supply was fouled by toxins possibly from algae on Lake Erie. On Aug 4 city officials declared the water safe.
    (AP, 8/3/14)(SFC, 8/5/14, p.A12)

2014        Aug 5, In Ohio John Crawford III was fatally shot by two white policemen inside a Wal-Mart store in the Dayton suburb of Beavercreek. Police responded after a caller said a man was waving a gun; they say Crawford refused orders to put down an air rifle.
    (AP, 8/30/14)

2014        Aug 18, In Ohio an estimated 5-8 thousand gallons of fuel oil spilled into the Ohio River from the Duke Energy power plant in New Richmond. A 15-mile section of the river was closed for cleanup.
    (SFC, 8/20/14, p.A8)

2014        Sep 2, In Ohio Donald Hoffman (41) was taken into custody as a person of interest in the deaths of 4 men in Bucyrus. He was being held on a probation violation.
    (Reuters, 9/4/14)

2014        Sep 11, In Ohio T.J. Lane (19), the killer of three students in 2012 escaped from  Lima prison with two other inmates, one of whom was soon captured.
    (SFC, 9/12/14, p.A12)

2014        Sep 25, In Ohio two off-duty FBI employees were killed in a collission between a barge and their pleasure boat on the Ohio River near Cincinnati.
    (SFC, 9/27/14, p.A6)

2014        Sep 27, James Traficant (b.1941), former Ohio politican, died in Youngstown. He was expelled from the US Congress in 2002 following conviction on charges of racketeering and corruption. 
    (SSFC, 9/28/14, p.C11)

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