Timeline Tennessee

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215Mil BC    The rocks of northern Tennessee began to bend under the pressure of continental collision. Oil migrated from deep in the earth into cracks and folds in the rocks.
    (SFC, 9/3/04, p.W4)

1673        Sep 21, James Needham returned to Virginia after exploring the land to the west, which would become Tennessee.
    (HN, 9/21/98)

1760        Aug 7, Ft. Loudon, Tennessee, surrendered to Cherokee Indians.
    (MC, 8/7/02)

1768        Nov 5, William Johnson, the northern Indian Commissioner, signed a treaty with the Iroquois Indians to acquire much of the land between the Tennessee and Ohio rivers for future settlement.
    (HN, 11/5/98)

1784        Aug 23, Eastern Tennessee settlers declared their area an independent state and named it Franklin; a year later the Continental Congress rejected it.
    (MC, 8/23/02)

1790        Oct 3, John Ross, Chief of the United Cherokee Nation from 1839 to 1866, was born near Lookout Mountain, Tennessee. Although his father was Scottish and his mother only part Cherokee, Ross was named Tsan-Usdi (Little John) and raised in the Cherokee tradition. A settled people with successful farms, strong schools, and a representative government, the Cherokee resided on 43,000 square miles of land they had held for centuries.
    (LCTH, 10/3/99)

1794        Sep 10, America's first non-denominational college, Blount College (later the University of Tennessee), was chartered.
    (AP, 9/10/97)

1796         Jun 1, Tennessee became the 16th state of the Union.
    (AP, 6/1/97)

1796        Andrew Jackson was elected as Tennessee’s 1st congressman.
    (SSFC, 10/30/05, p.M3)

1797        Jul 7, The US House of Representatives exercised its constitutional power of impeachment, and voted to charge Senator William Blount of Tennessee with "a high misdemeanor, entirely inconsistent with his public duty and trust as a Senator." Blount had financial problems which led him to enter into a conspiracy with British officers to enlist frontiersmen and Cherokee Indians to assist the British in conquering parts of Spanish Florida and Louisiana.
    (MC, 7/7/02)

1798        Dec 17, The 1st impeachment trial against a US senator, William Blount of Ten., began.
    (MC, 12/17/01)

1801        Jul 5, David G. Farragut (d.1870), American naval hero, was born in Knoxville, Tenn.
    (AP, 7/5/97)

1802        Andrew Jackson was elected to command the Tennessee militia.
    (SSFC, 10/30/05, p.M3)

1809        Meriwether Lewis died of gunshot wounds near present-day Hohenwald, Tenn. It was uncertain whether he was killed or committed suicide.
    (SFC,12/17/97, p.A7)

1817        Oct 20, The 1st Mississippi "Showboat," left Nashville on maiden voyage.
    (MC, 10/20/01)

1817        Nov 10, The Tennessee legislature enacted laws that defined the common boundary with Georgia and created a boundary commission to jointly survey and mark the state border.
    (www.profsurv.com/archive.php?article=1215&issue=86)

1818        Jun 1, Mathematician James Camak demarcated the border between Georgia and Tennessee. Due to a faulty sextant and bad astronomical charts he drew the line a mile south of the intended boundary, the 35th parallel.
    (Econ, 3/15/08, p.42)(www.profsurv.com/archive.php?article=1215&issue=86)

1820        An iron forge was established by settler Isaac Love on the Little Pigeon River at the foot of the Great Smokey Mountains.
    (SFC, 6/9/97, p.A3)

1821        Jul 13, Confederate cavalry commander Nathan Bedford Forrest was born in Tennessee's Bedford County.
    (AP, 7/13/97)

1824        Oct 22, The Tennessee Legislature adjourned ending Davy Crockett's state political career. Crockett died at the legendary siege of the Alamo in 1836.
    (HN, 10/22/98)

1828        John Overlord, Andrew Jackson and James Winchester, the founders of Memphis, Tenn., bestowed an easement to the Mississippi riverfront for a promenade.
    (Econ, 4/10/04, p.24)

1837        Mar 17, Upon his return to his home in Tennessee, Andrew Jackson, the seventh president of the U.S., proclaimed that he left office "with barely $90 in my pocket." The old soldier and war hero who had served as president for eight years, spoke those words when he returned to his home in Tennessee.
    (HNQ, 8/6/98)

1838        Jan 26, Tennessee became the 1st state to prohibit alcohol.
    (MC, 1/26/02)

1838        Feb 24, Thomas Benton Smith, Brig. General (Confederate Army), was born in Mechanicsville, Tennessee. He was wounded at Stone’s River/Murfreesboro and again at Chickamauga. He was captured at the Battle of Nashville (1864) where he was beaten over the head with a sword by Col. William Linn McMillen of the 95th Ohio Infantry. His brain was exposed and it was believed he would die. He recovered partially and spent the last 47 years of his life in the State Asylum in Nashville, Tennessee, where he died on May 21, 1923. He’s buried in Mount Olivet Cemetery, Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee.
    (MC, 2/24/02)(Internet)

1838        A law banning the carrying of concealed weapons was passed in Tennessee and Virginia.
    (http://tinyurl.com/d337x96)

1845        Jun 8, Andrew Jackson, 7th president of the US, died in Nashville, Tenn. His health had deteriorated over the last 30 years and in 1999 scientists cited lead poisoning from an 1813 wound as the primary cause of his health problems. In 1945 Arthur Schlesinger Jr. authored “The Age of Jackson,” for which he won a Pulitzer Prize. Dr. Robert Remini later authored a 3-volume biography. In 2005 H.W. Brands authored “Andrew Jackson: A Life and Times.” In 2008 Jon Meacham authored “American Lion: Andrew Jackson in the white House.”
    (AP, 6/8/97)(SFC, 8/11/99, p.A2)(SSFC, 10/30/05, p.M3)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.85)(SSFC, 12/7/08, Books p.1)

1849        Jun 15, James Polk (b.1845), the 11th president of the United States, died in Nashville, Tenn. In 2008 Walter R. Borneman authored “Polk: The Man Who Transformed the Presidency and America.”
    (AP, 6/15/97)(HN, 6/15/98)(WSJ, 5/16/08, p.W8)

c1849        Numerous Tennesseans went to California for the gold rush. In 1998 Tennessee historian Walter T. Durham wrote "Volunteer Forty-Niners," an account of the Tennesseans experiences in California.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.E5)

1850        Jack Daniel, founder of the Jack Daniel distillery, was born.
    (SFEC, 10/22/00, p.T3)

1861        May 6, Arkansas and Tennessee becomes 9th & 10th state to secede from US. [see Jun 8]
    (AP, 5/6/97)(HN, 5/6/98)(MC, 5/6/02)

1861        Jun 8, Tennessee voted to secede from the Union and joined the Confederacy. [see May 6]
    (AP, 6/8/97)(HN, 6/8/98)

1861        Jun 24, Tennessee became the 11th and last state to secede from US.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1861        Jul 1, The US War Department decreed that Kansas and Tennessee were to be canvassed for volunteers.
    (MC, 7/1/02)

1862        Feb 6, The Battle of Fort Henry, Tenn., began the Mississippi Valley campaign.
    (HN, 2/6/99)

1862        Feb 13, Four-day Battle of Fort Donelson, Tenn., began. General Grant said, "What determined my attack on Donelson was as much the knowledge I had gained of its commanders in Mexico as anything else."
    (HN, 2/13/98)

1862        Feb 15, Grant launched a major assault on Fort Donelson, Tenn.
    (HN, 2/15/98)

1862        Feb 25, Confederate troops abandoned Nashville, Tenn., in the face of Grant's advance.
    (HN, 2/25/98)

1862        Mar 15, General John Hunt Morgan began four days of raids near the city of Gallatin, Tenn. "The Yankees will never take me a prisoner again," vowed Confederate General John Hunt Morgan.
    (HN, 3/15/98)

1862        Apr 6, The Civil War battle of Shiloh began as the Confederates attacked Union forces in Tennessee. The battle left some 24,000 casualties and secured the West for the Union
    (SFC, 6/19/96, p.E5)(HT, 4/97, p.13)(AP, 4/6/97)(AM, May/Jun 97 p.27)

1862        Apr 7, Union forces led by Gen. Ulysses S. Grant defeated the Confederates at the battle of Shiloh in Tennessee. Gen. Ulysses Grant after the Battle of Shiloh said: "I saw an open field... so covered with dead that it would have been possible to walk across... in any direction, stepping on dead bodies without a foot touching the ground." More than 9,000 Americans died.
    (SFC, 6/19/96, p.E5)(HT, 4/97, p.13)(AP, 4/7/97)

1862        May 10, Battle of Plum Run Bend, TN (Plum Point Bend).
    (MC, 5/10/02)

1862        Jun 4, Confederates evacuated Ft. Pillow, Tenn.
    (MC, 6/4/02)

1862        Jun 6, The city of Memphis surrendered to the Union Navy after an intense naval engagement on the Mississippi River.
    (HN, 6/6/98)

1862        Jul 13, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest defeated a Union army at Murfreesboro, Tennessee. [see Aug 13]
    (HN, 7/13/98)

1862        Jun, Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg was appointed to succeed Gen. Beauregard as commander of the Army of Tennessee.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braxton_Bragg)

1862        Aug 13, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest defeated a Union army under Thomas Crittenden at Murfreesboro, Tennessee. [see Jul 13]
    (HN, 8/13/98)

1862        Aug 30, In the Battle of Altamont, Tennessee, Confederates beat Union forces.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1862        Sep 17, Battle of Cumberland Gap, Tenn., was evacuated by Federals.
    (MC, 9/17/01)

1862        Oct 22, Confederate troops reconquered the Cumberland Gap in Tennessee.
    (MC, 10/22/01)

1862        Dec 3, Confederate rebels attacked a Federal forage train on the Hardin Pike near Nashville, Tenn.
    (HN, 12/3/98)

1862        Dec 13, Confederate forces dealt Union troops a major defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg, Va. The Battle of Fredericksburg ended at Marye’s Heights with the bloody slaughter of Union troops, while Confederate President Davis reviewed Braxton Bragg’s troops at Murfreesboro, Tenn.
    (WUD, 1994, p.565)(AP, 12/13/97)(HN, 12/13/98)

1862        Dec 19, Skirmish at Jackson-Salem Church, Tenn., left 80 casualties.
    (MC, 12/19/01)

1862        Dec 27, Rosecrans’ army moved slowly toward Bragg at Murfreesboro.
    (HN, 12/27/98)

1862        Dec 31, Union General William Rosecrans' army repelled two Confederate attacks at the Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River).
    (HN, 12/31/98)

1862        Pres. Lincoln made Andrew Johnson the military governor of Tennessee after Federal forces captured Nashville.
    (SFC, 12/21/98, p.A3)

1862        The Rhea County Spartans, an all-girl cavalry company in Tennessee, began as a lark during the American Civil War, but soon attracted the attention of unamused Union officers. The Rhea County Girls` Company was created through a combination of boredom and the desire to be a part of the war for Southern independence. Almost all of the "sidesaddle soldiers" had fathers or brothers in the Confederate military, and the young ladies evidently felt frustrated because their gender prevented them from enlisting. Since they could not actually join the Confederate Army, they did the next best thing: They created an army of their own.
    (HNQ, 4/12/01)

1863        Jan 1, Confederate General Braxton Bragg and Union General William Rosecrans readjusted their troops as the Battle of Murfreesboro continued.
    (HN, 1/1/99)

1863        Jan 2, In the second day of hard fighting at Stone's River, near Murfreesboro, Tenn., Union troops defeated the Confederates. The battle, which began Dec 31, involved 80,000 troops and left 24,000 casualties.
    (HN, 1/2/99)(AM, 11/04, p.28)

1863        Feb 24, Confederate Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest made a raid on Brentwood, Tennessee.
    (MC, 2/24/02)

1863        Mar 25, There was a skirmish at Brentwood, Tennessee.
    (MC, 3/25/02)

1863        Apr 10, Rebel Gen. Earl Van Dorn attacked at Franklin, Tenn.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1863        May 25, Federal authorities in Tennessee turned over former Ohio congressman Clement L. Vallandigham to the Confederates. President Abraham Lincoln had changed his sentence to banishment from the United States after his conviction of expressing alleged pro-Confederate sentiments.
    (HN, 5/25/99)

1863        Jul 4, Skirmish at Smithburg, TN.
    (Maggio, 98)

1863        Aug 16, Union General William S. Rosecrans moved his army south from Tullahoma, Tennessee to attack Confederate forces in Chattanooga.
    (HN, 8/16/99)

1863        Sep 8, Federal troops reconquered the Cumberland Gap, Tennessee.
    (MC, 9/8/01)
1863        Sep 8, Battle of Telford's Depot, Ten.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1863        Sep 9, The Union Army of the Cumberland passed through Chattanooga as they chased after the retreating Confederates following the Battle of Cumberland Gap.
    (HN, 9/9/98)(MC, 9/9/01)

1863        Sep 21, Union troops under Major Gen’l. William S. Rosecrans defeated at Chickamauga sought refuge in Chattanooga, Tennessee, which was then besieged by Confederate troops. There they lost 10,000 horses and mules to starvation.
    (HT, 4/97, p.52)(HN, 9/21/98)

1863        Sep 23, The Confederate siege of Chattanooga began.
    (MC, 9/23/01)

1863        Oct 10, The Skirmish at Blue Springs, Tennessee, resulted in 166 casualties.
    (MC, 10/10/01)

1863        Oct 11, Skirmish at Rheatown, Henderson's Mill, Tennessee.
    (MC, 10/11/01)

1863        Oct 23, Gen’l. Grant arrived at Chattanooga. [see Oct 24]
    (HT, 4/97, p.56)

1863        Oct 24, General Ulysses S. Grant arrived in Chattanooga, Tennessee to find the Union Army there starving. [see Oct 23]
    (HN, 10/24/98)

1863          Oct 28-29, In a rare night attack, Confederates under Gen. James Longstreet attacked a Federal force near Chattanooga in the Battle of Wauhatchie, Tennessee. Longstreet hoped to cut the Federal supply line, the “cracker line,” but failed. The principal commanders were: Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker [US] and Brig. Gen. Micah Jenkins [CS]. Estimated causalities: 828 total (US 420; CS 408).
    (HN, 10/28/98)(http://www2.cr.nps.gov/abpp/battles/tn021.htm)

1863        Nov 4, From the main Confederate Army at Chattanooga, Tenn., Lt. Gen. James Longstreet's troops were sent northeast to besiege Knoxville
(HN, 11/4/98)

1863            Nov 6, The Battle of Rogersville took place at Big Creek in Hawkins County, Tennessee. Union troops, under the command of Col. Israel Garrard, faced Confederates under the overall command of Brig. Gen. William E. Jones. Confederates won and sent prisoners sent to Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia.
    (http://johnsettles.com/roger.htm)

1863        Nov 12, Confederate General James Longstreet arrived at Loudon, Tennessee to assist the attack on Union General Ambrose Burnside’s troops at Knoxville.
(HN, 11/12/98)

1863        Nov 14, Gen Nathan Bedford Forrest was assigned to command of West Tennessee.
    (MC, 11/14/01)

1863        Nov 16, At the Battle of Campbell's Station, Ten., there were 492 causalities.
    (MC, 11/16/01)

1863        Nov 17-Dec 4th, Battle of Knoxville, Ten.
    (MC, 11/17/01)

1863        Nov 23, At Chattanooga Gen’l. Thomas’ men drove the Confederates from Orchard Knob. Union forces won the Battle of Orchard Knob, Tenn. The Battle of Chattanooga, one of the most decisive battles of the American Civil War, also began in Tennessee.
    (HN, 11/23/01)

1863        Nov 24, In the Battle Above the Clouds, Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker's forces took Lookout Mountain, near Chattanooga, Tenn. The battle for Lookout Mountain was fought in a layer of fog whose lower level began at the Cravens House, used as Rebel headquarters. Gen’l. Hooker later commissioned painter James Walker to render a picture of the battle for $20,000.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.42)(HT, 4/97, p.56)(HN, 11/24/98)

1863        Nov 25, The Union ended the siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., with the Battle of Missionary Ridge, Tenn.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1863        Nov 29, The Battle of Fort Sanders, Knoxville, Tenn., ended in Confederate withdrawal. There were 8-900 casualties.
    (HN, 11/29/98)(MC, 11/29/01)

1863        Dec 2, General Braxton Bragg turned over command of the Army of Tennessee to General William Hardee at Dalton, Ga.
    (HN, 12/2/98)

1863        Dec 3, Confederate General Longstreet abandoned his siege at Knoxville, Ten., and moved his army east and north toward Greeneville. This withdrawal marked the end of the Fall Campaign in Tennessee.
    (HN, 12/3/98)(MC, 12/3/01)

1863        Dec 14, Longstreet attacked Union troops at Bean’s Station, Tenn.
    (HN, 12/14/98)

1864        Apr 12, Confederate forces under Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest captured Fort Pillow, Tennessee, and killed many black Union troops there. Charged with ruthless killing, Forrest argued that the soldiers had been killed trying to escape; however, racial animosity on the part of his troops was undoubtedly a factor.
    (HN, 4/12/99)( http://www.civilwarweb.com/articles/05-99/ftpillow.htm)

1864        Jul 18, Confederate Brig. Gen. John Bell Hood (33), commanding a corps under Gen. Johnston, was promoted to the temporary rank of full general, and given command of the Army of Tennessee just outside the gates of Atlanta.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Bell_Hood)

1864        Sep 16, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest led 4,500 men out of Verona, Miss. to harass Union outposts in northern Alabama and Tennessee.
    (HN, 9/16/98)

1864        Sep 26, General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his men assaulted a Federal garrison near Pulaski, Tennessee.
    (HN, 9/26/99)

1864          Nov 4, There was a Confederate assault on the Union depot and headquarters at Reynoldsburg Island, near Johnsonville, Tennessee. Paddle-wheelers USS Key West, Acting Lt. King; USS Tawah, Acting Lt. Goudy; and small steamer U.S.S. Elfin, Acting Master Augustus F. Thompson; were destroyed after an engagement with Confederate batteries off Johnsonville, Ten., along with several transport steamers and a large quantity of supplies.
    (www.multied.com/navy/cwnavalhistory/November1864.html)

1864        Nov 21, Confederate General John Bell Hood launched the Franklin-Nashville Campaign into Tennessee from northern Alabama. Hood led the Confederate Army of Tennessee in its offensive into Tennessee, which was decisively broken in the battles of Franklin and Nashville. Hood, a graduate of West Point, had been in the U.S. Cavalry until the Civil War broke out. He was seriously wounded attacking Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg and later lost a leg at Chickamauga in September of that year. In 1864, he was appointed a Lieutenant General under Joseph E. Johnston‘s command in defense of Atlanta. In July, Confederate president Jefferson Davis put Hood in command who promptly attacked Sherman‘s Union army and was repulsed. Hood then attempted a long march to the north and west to assault Sherman‘s rear and ran into Union Army of the Cumberland. The November Battle of Franklin and December Battle of Nashville decisively defeated Hood‘s Army which was harassed and almost destroyed in its retreat. Hood‘s own request to end his command was granted the following month. After the war he lived in New Orleans.
    (HNQ, 11/4/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin-Nashville_Campaign)
1864        Nov 29, The Battle of Spring Hill, Ten., a  prelude to the Battle of Franklin (aka Thomason's Station), was fought. General John Bell Hood’s Army of Tennessee marched from Columbia toward Spring Hill to isolate major portions of Union forces from each other, hoping to defeat each in turn before they could unite and overwhelm him.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Spring_Hill)

1864        Nov 30, The Union won the Battle of Franklin, Tenn., where John B. Hood ordered a disastrous assault on Union earthworks. There were 7,700 casualties. Maj. Gen’l. Patrick R. Cleburne, division commander in the Army of Tennessee, was killed at the battle of Franklin. In early 1864 he had advocated the abolition of slavery and the formal opening of the Confederate Army of the Freedmen. In 2005 Robert Hicks authored the novel “The Widow of the South,” set around the Battle of Franklin.
    (HN, 11/30/98)(SFC, 11/29/02, p.A23)(AM, 11/04, p.28)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.F1)

1864        Dec 1, Franklin-Nashville Campaign began.
    (HN, 12/1/98)
1864        Dec 1, Raid at Stoneman: Knoxville, Ten., to Saltville, Va.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1864        Dec 5, Confederate General Hood sent Nathan Bedford Forrest’s cavalry and a division of infantry towards Murfreesboro, Tenn.
    (HN, 12/5/98)

1864        Dec 15, The battle at Nashville began.
    (HN, 12/15/98)

1864        Dec 16, Union forces under General George H. Thomas routed Confederate forces under Gen. Hood at the battle at Nashville, Tenn. There were some 4,400 casualties.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.20)(HN, 12/16/98)(AH, 10/02, p.43)

1865        Jan 23, General John Bell Hood was relieved of his command of the Army of Tennessee.
    (AH, 10/02, p.38)

1865        Feb 22, Tennessee adopted a new constitution abolishing slavery.
    (HN, 2/22/98)(AP, 2/22/99)

1865        Apr 27, The steamer Sultana caught fire and burned after one of its boilers exploded on the Mississippi River near Memphis, Tenn., killing more than 1,400 paroled Union prisoners on their way home. One account reported 1,547 people dead. At least 1,238 of the 2,031 passengers, mostly former Union POWs, were killed.
    (AP, 4/27/97)(SFC, 3/13/99, p.E6)(HN, 4/27/99)(MC, 4/27/02)

1865        Dec 24, Several veterans of the Confederate Army formed a private social club in Pulaski, Tenn., called the Ku Klux Klan.
    (AP, 12/24/97)

1866        Apr 2, Pres. ended war in Ala, Ark, Fla, Ga, Miss, La, NC, SC, Ten & Va.
    (MC, 4/2/02)

1866        Jul 24, Tennessee became the first state to be readmitted to the Union after the Civil War.
    (AP, 7/24/97)

1866        The Ku Klux Klan is generally acknowledged to have started in Pulaski, Tenn., in this year. [see Dec 24, 1865]
    (WSJ, 7/15/96, p.A1)

1866        Jasper Daniel (Jack Daniel) started distilling whiskey in Lynchburg, Tenn.
    (SFC, 2/04/04, p.D2)

1868        The Ku Klux Klan was imported to South Carolina from Tennessee, where it had originated. During South Carolina’s election campaign this year the Klan murdered 8 blacks, two of them state congressmen.
    (AH, 6/03, p.27)

1869        Feb 20, Tenn. Gov. W.C. Brownlow declared martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1870        Aug 6, White conservatives suppressed the black vote and captured Tenn. Legislature.
    (MC, 8/6/02)

1870        George Dickel (d.1894), purchased a site in Cascade Hollow, Tenn., and soon began producing Cascade Tennessee Whisky.
    (SFC, 2/04/04, p.D2)

1875        Jul 31, The 17th president of the United States, Andrew Johnson, died in Carter Station, Tenn., at age 66. He succeeded Abraham Lincoln and was the only president to face impeachment proceedings.
    (AP, 7/31/97)(HN, 7/31/98)

1877        Oct 29, Nathan Bedford Forrest (b.1821), former Confederate cavalry general, died in Memphis, Tenn. He amassed a fortune as a plantation owner and slave trader, importing Africans long after the practice had been made illegal. At 40 he enlisted as a private in the Confederate army at the outset of the Civil War, rising to a cavalry general in a year. In 1867 the newly formed Ku Klux Klan elected Forrest its honorary Grand Wizard or national leader, but he publicly denied being involved. In 1869, he ordered the Klan to disband because of the members' increasing violence. Two years later, a congressional investigation concluded his involvement had been limited to his attempt to disband it.
    (AP, 11/4/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nathan_Bedford_Forrest)

1877        Apr, the 1st issue of the Chattanooga Daily Dispatch was produced with Adolph Ochs as business solicitor.
    (SFEM, 1/16/00, p.10)

1878        Jul 2, The Chattanooga Times was first published under the ownership of Adolph Ochs. The 9-year-old paper at Eighth and Cherry Streets had plummeted under S.A. Cunningham to a circulation of 250. Ochs acquired the New York Times 18 years later. The Chattanooga Times merged with the Chattanooga Free Press in 1998.
    (SFC, 1/4/99, p.A19)(SFEM, 1/16/00, p.10)

1878        The Nashville Banner began publishing.
    (SFC, 2/17/98, p.A3)

1880        Jan 21, 1st US sewage disposal system, separate from storm drains, was established in Memphis.
    (MC, 1/21/02)

1881        The Tennessee Coal and Railroad Co. was renamed to the Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Co.
    (WSJ, 5/28/96, R45)

1884        Feb 19, A series of tornadoes left an estimated 800 people dead in 7 US states (Miss, Ala, NC, SC, Tenn., Ky & In).
    (WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(MC, 2/19/02)

1884        The colony of Rugby had 350 residents. Thomas Hughes (1822-96), English novelist, reformer, jurist, and author of "John Brown’s School Days," purchased 75,000 acres in rural Tennessee and founded the colony of Rugby. It was a school for the younger children of England’s wealthy families who were not eligible to inherit family estates. It was meant to teach farming and other useful skills.
    (WUD, 1994, p.691)

1886        Sep 14, George K. Anderson of Memphis, Tennessee, patented typewriter ribbon.
    (http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bltypewriter.htm)

1887        Dec 13, Corporal Alvin C. York of Wolf River Valley, Tennessee, was born. York was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor and the Distinguished Service Cross for heroism during World War I's Argonne Offensive. York was a reluctant soldier, but his frontier upbringing had made him an outstanding marksman. [see Oct 8, 1918]
    (HN, 12/13/98)

1892        Thomas Green Ryman, saloon and riverboat owner, built the Union Gospel Tabernacle in Nashville for revivalist Sam Jones. It later became the original home of the Grand Ole Opry.
    (SFCM, 3/11/01, p.43)

1894        George Dickel, producer of Cascade Tennessee Whisky, died. His widow and relatives renamed the whiskey after him.
    (SFC, 2/04/04, p.D2)

1897        The city of Nashville built a full-size temporary replica of the Greek Parthenon for the Tennessee Centennial Exposition. The lath and plaster building stood for 23 years until it was razed in 1920 to make way for a permanent version, completed in 1931.
    (HN, 1/20/00)

1900-1935    The Knoxville Table Co. operated in downtown Knoxville, Tenn., during this period.
    (SFC, 4/12/06, p.G4)

1903        May 26, Estes Kefauver, senator from Tennessee, was born. He wanted the Democratic nomination for president against John Kennedy.
    (HN, 5/26/99)

1903        Former outlaws Cole Younger and Frank James teamed up to tour Tennessee in their own Wild West Show.
    (SFC, 12/29/96, zone 1 p.2)

1904        Sep 24, Sixty-two died and 120 were injured in head-on train collision in Tennessee.
    (HN, 9/24/98)

1907        Oct 22, President Theodore Roosevelt visited The Hermitage, the Nashville, Tenn., home of the late President Andrew Jackson. Years later, Maxwell House claimed that Roosevelt had praised a cup of its coffee during this visit by saying it was "good to the last drop."
    (AP, 10/22/07)

1907        Dec 26, Albert Gore Sr., later US Representative and Senator, was born in Granville.
    (SFEC, 12/6/98, p.C14)

1908        In Owl Holler Rev. George Went Hensley initiated the practice of handling serpents at the Holiness Church dedication after some former cohorts emptied a mass of snakes before him.
    (WSJ, 5/26/00, p.W15)

1910        Tennessee passed a Prohibition law that gave distillers one year to dismantle their operations. George Dickel's operations moved to Kentucky and Jack Daniel's to Missouri and Alabama. Prohibition knocked both out of business in 1920.
    (SFC, 2/04/04, p.D2)

1916        Feb 29, Dinah Shore, actress and singer, was born. [see Mar 1, 1917]
    (SFC, 2/29/00, p.A1)

1916        Sep 6, Clarence Saunders opened his first Piggly Wiggly grocery store in Memphis, Tenn. He pioneered self-service in the US and obtained a patent. He later franchised over a 1,000 stores.
    (WSJ, 11/16/98, p.A12)(Econ, 10/2/04, p.18)(AP, 9/6/06)

1916        Oct 7, In the most lopsided victory in college football history, Georgia Tech defeated Cumberland University of Lebanon, Tennessee, 222-0 in Atlanta.
    (http://gtalumni.org/Publications/magazine/spr98/div11.html)

1917        Mar 1, Dinah Shore, singer (See the USA in a Chevrolet), was born in Winchester, Ten. [see Feb 29, 1916]
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1918        Jul 9, 101 people were killed as an inbound local train collided with an outbound express in Nashville, Tenn.
    (AP, 7/9/97)

1920            Aug 18, Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the 19th Amendment to the Constitution, which guaranteed the right of all American women to vote. This completed the three-quarters necessary to put the amendment into effect.  Aaron Sargent, who wrote the 19th amendment, also built Grandmere's Inn in Nevada City. Carrie Chapman Catt, founder of the League of Women Voters, played a crucial role in its passage. She also held some very racist views: she called the ballots of proletarian voters "undesirable" and referred to Indians as "savages." [see Aug 26, 1920]
    (SFC, 4/14/96, T-3)(SFC, 6/9/96, p.B-11)(AP, 8/18/97)(HN, 8/18/01)

1920        Eastman Chemical Co. was founded in Kingsport as a unit of Eastman Kodak Co. It was spun off in 1994. In 1998 the company agreed to pay an $11 million fine for price-fixing on sorbates, a chemical used to keep food and beverages fresh.
    (SFC, 10/2/98, p.B6)

1925        Mar 13, The Tennessee legislature passed the Butler Bill which prohibited the teaching of evolution in the public schools. [see Mar 21,23]
    (Nat. Hist., 4/96, p.74-76)(AP, 3/13/97)

1925        Mar 21, Tennessee passed an anti-evolution law, which prohibited the teaching of evolution. [see Mar 13,23]
    (HNQ, 1/27/00)

1925        Mar 23, Tennessee became the 1st state to outlaw teaching the theory of evolution. Tennessee’s Governor Austin Peay said, "the very integrity of the Bible in its statement of man’s divine creation is denied by any theory that man descended or has ascended from any lower order of animals." [see Mar 13,21]
    (SS, 3/23/02)(MC, 3/23/02)

1925        May 25, John Scopes was indicted for teaching Darwinian theory in school.
    (HN, 5/25/98)

1925        Jun 10, Tennessee adopted a new biology text book denying the theory of evolution.
    (HN, 6/10/98)

1925        Jul 10, The Scopes "Monkey Trial," started. It was the result of a conspiracy hatched at Robinson's Drug Store in Dayton, Tenn. John Scopes, a young high-school teacher, was to become the test case on the legality of Tennessee's anti-evolution law. An aging William Jennings Bryan, Nebraska fundamentalist and politician, was the prosecutor and Clarence Darrow was Scopes' defense attorney. Earlier in 1925, the Tennessee State legislature had passed a law making it illegal to teach the theory of evolution in schools. Many people believed that Darwin's theory contradicted the idea of biblical creation. The trial, complete with the spectacle of a cynical Darrow interrogating Bryan on the witness stand as "an expert on the Bible," aroused national interest and caused heated controversy over Darwin's evolution theory. Scopes was judged guilty and fined $100, but later let off on a technicality. The trial coverage dealt a blow to American anti-evolution forces. It was the first trial to be broadcast by radio. Bryan died six days later.
    (Nat. Hist., 4/96, p.74-76)(TMC, 1994, p.1925)(HNPD, 7/10/98)

1925        Jul 21, The so-called "Monkey Trial" ended in Dayton, Tenn., with John T. Scopes convicted of violating state law for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution. Scopes was found guilty and was fined $100. The conviction was later overturned on a technicality.
    (HN, 7/21/99)(AP, 7/21/08)

1925        Aug 11, Carl Rowan (d.2000) was born in Ravenscroft. He was later appointed by Pres. Kennedy as Deputy sec. of State, became a prize winning journalist and authored 8 books. [see Sep 23, 2000]
    (SFEC, 9/24/00, p.D15)

1925        Nov 28, The "WSM Barn Dance", later known as "The Grand Ole Opry" (1927), Nashville’s famed home of country music, made its radio debut on station WSM. The call letters came from the slogan "We Shield Millions" of sponsor National Life and Accident Insurance Co. Edwin Craig, a wireless buff with a stake in the insurance company, had recently sold the radio idea to the insurance board. In 1999 Charles K. Wolfe published "A Good Natured Riot: The Birth of the Grand Ole Opry." In 2007 Craig Havighurst authored “Air Castle of the South.”
    (SFC, 7/20/96, p.E4)(AP, 11/28/97)(WSJ, 7/23/99, p.W7)(WSJ, 10/17/07, p.D9)

1927        May 24, The final levee breach of the 1927 flood occurred at McCrea, Louisiana, on the east bank of the Atchafalaya levee. The flood along the Mississippi killed some 500 people and displaced thousands. The levee system broke in 145 places and caused 27,000 square miles of flooding in Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi and Tennessee. In 1997 the book "Rising Tide" by John M. Barry described the catastrophe. It was also the subject of the Randy Newman song "Louisiana 1927."
    (www.rms.com/publications/1927_MississippiFlood.pdf)(WSJ, 2/6/97, p.A12)(SFC, 11/28/03, p.C7)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A7)(WSJ, 11/2/05, p.A2)(Econ, 5/21/11, p.30)

1927        Aug 1, In Bristol, Tennessee, the Carter Family (A.P., wife Sara, and cousin Maybelle) came down from the mountains of Virginia and began recording their country style "hillbilly" music for Ralph Peer of the Victor Talking Machine Co.  Jimmy Rogers (1898-1933) came from Mississippi to record.
    (Hem., 4/97, p.68)(WSJ, 8/1/02, p.A1)

1927        Dec, In Nashville, Ten., after harmonica wizard DeFord Bailey played his "Pan American Blues," WSM Announcer Judge Hay got the idea to change the name of the show from the "Barn Dance" to the "Grand Ole Opry."
    (www.pbs.org/deford/timeline/index.html)

1927        The fundamentalist Christian Bob Jones University in Cleveland, Tenn., was founded by Bob Jones.
    (SFC,11/13/97, p.A28)

1928        The John H. Daniel Co. was founded in Knoxville, Tennessee, for producing men’s suits. By 2004 global competition led the company to import tailors from Turkey.
    (WSJ, 4/12/05, p.A1)

1929        Jan 29, The first seeing-eye Dog Guide School in the United States received their charter. Seeing Eye, Inc., was founded in Morris Township, New Jersey, by Dorothy Harrison Eustus. In February Morris Frank and Jack Humphrey began operating the 1st Seeing Eye school in the US in Nashville, Tenn. Frank had trained under Humphrey in Switzerland at a kennel owned by Dorothy Eustis. Buddy was Frank's 1st dog and in 1936 became the 1st seeing-eye dog to ride as a passenger on an American commercial airline.
    (HNQ, 3/10/01)(www.seeingeye.org/aboutus/?M_ID=472)(ON, 12/03, p.5)

1931            Mar 18, Jackie Mitchell became the 2nd female in professional baseball as she signed with the Chattanooga Lookouts, a Tennessee Class AA minor league team. In 1898, Lizzie Arlington played one game, pitching for Reading (PA) against Allentown.
    (www.exploratorium.edu/baseball/mitchell.html)

1931        Apr 2, Virne "Jackie" Mitchell became the 2nd woman to play for an all-male pro baseball team. In an exhibition game against the New York Yankees, she struck out both Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig in an exhibition game in Chattanooga, Tennessee.
    (HN, 4/2/01)(www.exploratorium.edu/baseball/mitchell.html)

1933        May 18, The Tennessee Valley Authority Act was signed by President Roosevelt. The TVA proceed to build damns in the Tennessee Valley.
    (AP, 5/18/97)(HN, 5/18/99)

1937        Jan 27, The Ohio River crested at 57.1 feet, almost thirty feet above flood stage. The flood of 1937 took place in late January and February. Damage stretching from Pittsburgh to Cairo, Illinois. One million persons were left homeless, with 385 dead and property losses reaching $500 million. The Mississippi River crested at 14.8 meters. Flooding left 37 people dead in Arkansas. In 2010 Patrick O’Daniel authored “Memphis and the Superflood of 1937: High Water Blues.”   
    (http://tinyurl.com/43h4l54)(http://tinyurl.com/3g4qcdg)

1937        Nov 15, Eighteen lawsuits were bought against the Tennessee Valley Authority, calling for its dissolution.
    (HN, 11/15/98)

1938        Aug, Prentice Cooper (1895-1969) received the Democratic nomination for governor of Tennessee. He was elected and served as governor from 1939-1945.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prentice_Cooper)

1939        May 25, Dixie [Virginia] Carter, actress (Designing Women, Edge of Night), was born in McLemoresville, TN.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1939        Aug 12, George Hamilton, actor (Love at 1st Bite, Where the Boys Are), was born in Memphis, Ten.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1939        Financier William R. Lovett bought the Piggly Wiggly business and later moved the headquarters to Jacksonville, Fla.
    (WSJ, 11/16/98, p.A12)

1939-1952    Albert Gore Sr. served as a US Representative.
    (SFEC, 12/6/98, p.C14)

1940        The Great Smokey Mountains National Park was dedicated.
    (SFC, 6/9/97, p.A3)

1940        The Mountain Dew beverage, a lemon-lime mixer, was trademarked by Barney and Ally Hartman of Knoxville, Tenn. In 1948 a cartoon drawing of Willy the Hillbilly was trademarked and used on bottles until the early 1970s. Pepsi bought Mountain Dew in 1964.
    (SFC, 6/25/08, p.G3)

1941        Mar 1, W47NV, the 1st US FM radio station to broadcast with a commercial license, went on the air in Nashville, TN.
    (www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=Article&id=3021)

1942        Mar 25, Aretha Franklin, American singer, the "Queen of Soul," was born in Memphis, Tenn.
    (HN, 3/25/01)(SSFC, 6/30/02, Par p.30)

1942        Aug 20, Isaac Hayes, composer (Shaft), was born in Covington, TN.
    (MC, 8/20/02)

1943        Roy Acuff, country music superstar, invited the governor of Tennessee to a party. Gov. Prentice Cooper snubbed him saying that he and his awful musicians were making Tennessee “the hillbilly capital of the United States.”
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.45)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prentice_Cooper)

1945        The Arrowmont School of Arts and Crafts was founded in Gatlinburg, Ten.
    (WSJ, 12/24/03, p.D7)

1945-1947    A nutrition study at Vanderbilt Univ. gave a radioactive iron tracer to 829 women. Four of their children later died of childhood cancers. In 1998 a $10.3 million settlement was awarded to the women.
    (SFC, 7/28/98, p.A2)

1946        Jan 19, Dolly Rebecca Parton, country singer (Dolly, 9 to 5), was born in Sevierville, Ten.
    (MC, 1/19/02)

1946        Feb 26, A race riot in Columbia, TN, killed 2 people and 10 wounded.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1947        May 28, Sondra Locke, actress (Heart Is a Lonely Hunter), was born in Shelbyville, Tenn.
    (MC, 5/28/02)

1948        Redd Stewart (d.2003) co-wrote "Tennessee Waltz" with Pee Wee King to the melody of King's "No Name Waltz," while on a road trip from Nashville to Texarkana. A 1950 recording by Patti Page sold a reported 3 million copies.
    (SFC, 8/6/03, p.A18)

1949        Mar 19, The 1st museum devoted exclusively to atomic energy opened at Oak Ridge, Ten.
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1949        Georgia O’Keeffe gave an art collection, that included the work of her late husband, Alfred Steiglitz, to Fisk Univ. in Tennessee. In 2012 a judge approved a deal for Fisk to sell a 50% stake to the Crystal Bridges Museum of Art in Arkansas created by Walmart heiress Alice Walton.
    (SFC, 11/9/13, p.A10)

1950        Dec 4, University of Tennessee defied court rulings by rejecting five Negro applicants.
    (HN, 12/4/98)

1950        Sam Phillips formed Sun Records in Memphis, Ten. In 1954 Elvis Presley, who walked into his studio to record a present for his mother.
    (WSJ, 6/16/00, p.W2)

1951        Feb 28, The Senate committee headed by Estes Kefauver, D-Ten., issued a preliminary report saying at least two major crime syndicates were operating in the United States.
    (AP, 2/28/02)

1952        Feb 22, Bill Frist, surgeon and US Senator (1994-), was born in Nashville, Tenn.
    (WSJ, 6/27/05, p.A10)

1952        Aug 1, Kemmons Wilson (d.2003) opened the first Holiday Inn just outside Memphis, Tenn.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)

1952        Sam Phillips (d.2003) founded Sun Records in Memphis, Ten. Phillips produced Elvis Presley's 1st record in 1954.
    (SFC, 8/1/03, p.A19)

1953-1970    Albert Gore Sr. (d.1998 at 90) served as US Senator. He opposed the war in Vietnam while his son served there as an Army journalist.
    (SFEC, 12/6/98, p.C14)

1954        Jan 4, Elvis Presley recorded a 10 minute demo in Nashville.
    (MC, 1/4/02)

1954        Jul 5, Elvis Presley's first commercial recording session took place at Sun Records in Memphis, Tenn. The song he recorded was "That's All Right (Mama)."
    (AP, 7/5/97)

1954        Jul 7, Elvis Presley made his radio debut as Memphis, Tennessee, station WHBQ played his first recording for Sun Records, "That’s All Right (Mama)."
    (AP, 7/7/00)

1954        A major flood along the Tennessee River took away a third of Pittsburg Landing, held by Union troops during the 1862 Confederate attack at Shiloh.
    (AM, May/Jun 97 p.27)

1955        Sam Phillips launched WHER, the nation’s 1st all-woman radio station, in Memphis.
    (WSJ, 6/16/00, p.W2)

1956        Feb 10, Elvis Presley recorded "Heartbreak Hotel" for RCA. Truckdriver, Elvis Presley, began Rock-n-Roll with his song "Don’t Be Cruel," written by Otis Blackwell (d.2002 at 70). He also appeared for the first time on the Ed Sullivan TV Show. He also recorded the Lieber and Stoller song "Hound Dog" and "Heartbreak Hotel," the first of his 45 records to sell over a million copies.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1956)(SFC,1/22/97, p.A20)(SFEC, 4/6/97, DB p.65)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(SFC, 5/10/02, p.A31)(MC, 2/10/02)

1956        Jan 20, Buddy Holly recorded "Blue Days Black Night" in Nashville. [see Jan 26]
    (MC, 1/20/02)

1956        Jan 26, Buddy Holly had his 1st formal recording session. [see Jan 20]
    (MC, 1/26/02)

1956        Sep 2, Tennessee National Guardsmen halted rioters protesting the admission of 12 African-Americans to schools in Clinton.
    (HN, 9/2/98)

1956        Sep 3, Tanks were deployed against racist demonstrators in Clinton, Tennessee.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1957        Sep 9, Nashville's new Hattie Cotton Elementary School was dynamited.
    (MC, 9/9/01)

1957        Oct 17, The movie "Jailhouse Rock," starring Elvis Presley, had its world premiere in Memphis, Tenn.
    (AP, 10/17/07)

1958        Mar 24, Rock 'n' roll singer Elvis Presley was inducted into the Army in Memphis, Tenn. After nearly six months of basic training at Fort Hood, Texas, Presley was posted to Friedberg, West Germany; he was honorably discharged in 1960.
    (AP, 3/23/08)

1958        Aug 14, Gladys Love Smith Presley (48), Elvis Presley's mother, died in Memphis, Tenn.
    (AP, 8/14/08)

1958        Oct 5, Racially desegregated Clinton High School in Clinton, Tenn., was mostly leveled by an early morning bombing.
    (AP, 10/5/08)

1961        Jimmy Rogers was the first inductee into the Country Music Hall of Fame in Nashville, Tenn. A new facility was scheduled to open in 200.
    (WSJ, 9/26/97, p.A20)(WSJ, 8/12/99, p.A18)

1962        Mar 26, The U.S. Supreme Court in Baker vs. Carr gave federal courts the power to order reapportionment of seats in a state legislature, a decision that eventually led to the doctrine of "one man, one vote." It arose from a Tennessee case in which Carr was the state attorney general.
    (AP, 3/26/02)(SFC, 8/1/03, p.A27)

1962        Danny Thomas founded the St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital in Memphis, Tenn.
    (SSFC, 4/20/03, Par p.5)

1963        Mar 5, A private plane crash near Camden, Tenn., claimed the lives of  country music performers Patsy Cline (30), "Cowboy" Copas and "Hawkshaw" Hawkins, as well as pilot Randy Hughes, Cline's manager.
    (AP, 3/5/08)

1966        Aug 20, The Beatles were pelted with rotten fruit during a Memphis concert.
    (MC, 8/20/02)

1967        May 18, Tennessee Gov. Buford Ellington signed a measure repealing the "Monkey Law" against teaching evolution that was used to prosecute John T. Scopes in 1925.
    (AP, 5/18/07)(SC, 5/18/02)

1967        Jul 20, Race riots took place in Memphis, Tenn.
    (MC, 7/20/02)

1968        Mar 28, In Memphis a riot erupted during a protest march in support of striking sanitation workers led by Martin Luther King. One African-American marcher was killed and King urged calm as National Guard troops are called to Memphis to restore order. King subsequently departed Memphis, but vowed to return on April 4 to attend another march.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/atrl3z)

1968        Apr 3, Less than 24 hours before he was assassinated in Memphis, Tenn., civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his "mountaintop" speech to a rally of striking sanitation workers, "It really doesn't matter with me now, because I've been to the mountain top, and I don't mind."
    (AP, 4/3/98)

1968        Apr 4, Civil rights leader Martin Luther King, 39, was assassinated while standing on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tenn. James Earl Ray (d.1998) confessed and pleaded guilty in Mar, 1969, but later tried to recant and said he was a fall guy. In 1993 Lloyd Jowers (d.2000), a Memphis businessman, said on ABC-TV that he had hired King's killer as a favor to an underworld figure who was a friend. Jowers said he received $100,000 from Memphis produce merchant Frank Liberto to arrange King’s murder. In 1997 Ray identified an arms smuggler named "Raoul" as the real killer. In 1998 a former FBI agent produced documents from Ray’s car with the name Raul. In 1999 a civil trial jury in Memphis ruled that the 1968 killing of Rev. Martin Luther King was a conspiracy. The jury concluded that Lloyd Jowers, a former café owner, had conspired with elements of the Memphis Police Dept., the federal government and organized crime to kill King. In 2000 a Justice Dept. report rejected allegations of conspiracy. In 2002 Rev. Ronald Denton Wilson (61) said that his father, Henry Clay Wilson (d.1990), had shot King.
    (SF E&C, 1/15/1995, A-15)(WUD, 1994, p.1687)(SFC, 12/26/96, p.A3)(AP, 4/4/97)(SFC, 4/7/97, p.A10)(SFC, 3/25/98, p.A3)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 11/21/99, p.A12)(SFC, 11/23/99, p.A9)(SFC, 12/9/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/10/99, p.A15)(SFC, 5/24/00, p.C5)(SFC, 6/10/00, p.A3)(SFC, 4/4/02, p.A2)

1969        Mar 10, James Earl Ray pleaded guilty to the murder of Dr. Martin Luther King in Memphis, Tenn., and was sentenced to 99 years in jail. Ray later repudiated that plea.
    (AP, 3/10/98)(HN, 3/10/98)

1969        The Young America’s Foundation was founded at Vanderbilt University to teach patriotism, limited, government and other values espoused by later Pres. Ronald Reagan. In 1998 the foundation purchased the 680-acre Reagan ranch north of Santa Barbara.
    (SFC, 4/21/98, p.A3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Young_America%27s_Foundation)

1971         May 3, James Earl Ray (1928-1998), Martin Luther King's assassin (1968), was caught in a jail break attempt in Tennessee.
    (HN, 5/3/98)(www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,915028,00.html)

1971        Stephen Gaskin (b.1935) and some 300 hundred San Francisco hippies started the Tennessee rural commune called The Farm. It was located on a 1,750 acre property in Lewis County and based not on rules but on agreements.
    (Wired, 5/97, p.110)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_Gaskin)
1971        Ina May Gaskin founded the Farm Midwifery Center in Summertown, Tennessee.
    (AP, 9/29/11)

1971        The Country Music Wax Museum opened in Nashville. It closed down in 1997.
    (SFEC, 11/21/99, p.A4)

1972        In Knoxville the sale of liquor by the glass was banned until this year.
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.A4)

1972        The Nashville Banner, owned for over nine decades by the Stahlman family, was sold to Gannett.
    (SFC, 2/17/98, p.A3)

1972        Occidental Minerals under Armand Hammer bought zing-bearing property on the Caney Fork River in Carthage. The property was sold to the Gore family a year later with a $20,000 per year mineral royalty.
    (WSJ, 6/29/00, p.A26)

1973        Feb 15, Friendsville Academy in Tenn. ended a 138-game basketball losing streak.
    (http://community.foxsports.com/blogs/jmoriello/2008/02/12/This_Week_in_History_Feb)

1973        In Tennessee construction began on a nuclear reactor at Watts Bar. Completion of the project was expected in 2012.
    (Econ, 12/4/10, p.83)

1974        Apr 3, A series of 148 deadly tornadoes struck wide parts of the South and Midwest before jumping across the border into Canada; some 330 people were killed in 13 states: Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. Total property damage was estimated at $600 million. In 2007 Mark Levine authored “F5: Devastation, Survival, and the Most Violent Tornado Outbreak of the 20th Century.”
    (AP, 4/3/99)(WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A7)(WSJ, 6/16/07, p.P10)

1975        Feb 25, In Tennessee Marcia Trimble (9) disappeared while delivering Girl Scout cookies in her Nashville neighborhood. Her body was discovered on Easter Sunday and evidence led police to believe that she had been sexually assaulted and strangled to death. In 2009 Jerome Barrett (62) was convicted of 2nd-degree murder based on DNA testing. He was already serving a life sentence for the 1975 rape and murder of a Vanderbilt Univ. student.
    (SSFC, 7/19/09, p.A13)(www.wsmv.com/news/14760190/detail.html)

1977        Jun 10, James Earl Ray, the convicted assassin of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., escaped from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Tennessee with six others; he was recaptured June 13.
    (AP, 6/10/97)

1977        Jun 13, James Earl Ray, the convicted assassin of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Junior, was recaptured following his escape three days earlier from a Tennessee prison.
    (AP, 6/13/00)

1977        Jun 26, 42 people were killed when a fire sent toxic smoke pouring through the Maury County Jail in Columbia, Tenn.
    (AP, 6/26/97)

1977        Aug 16, Elvis Presley (b.1935), The "King" of rock-n-roll, died in the upstairs bedroom suite at Graceland Mansion in Memphis, Tenn. of a drug overdose at 42. Elvis died of heart failure after years of substance abuse. In 1994 Peter Guralnick published "Last Train to Memphis," the first of a 2-part biography on Elvis. In 1998 Guralnick published "Careless Love." More than 150 books were in print on Elvis in 1997. In 1998 Ernest Jorgensen published "Elvis Presley: A Life in Music. The Complete Recording sessions."
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, Par p.7)(SFEC, 8/3/97, DB p.33)(AP, 8/16/97)(SFEC, 8/16/98, p.D7)(WSJ, 1/7/98, p.W1)

1978                    Jul 4, Memphis fire fighters halted 3-day strike under a court order. At least 350 fires were reported during the strike. The city police director charged that the strikers set almost all of the fires, which broke out mostly in abandoned buildings.
    (http://tinyurl.com/34xkkk)

1978        Oct 23, Maybelle Carter (b.1909), Virginia-born country singer, died in Nashville, Tenn. She was a member of the original Carter Family, which was formed in 1927 by her brother-in-law, A. P. Carter, who was married to her cousin, Sara, also a part of the trio.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maybelle_Carter)

1978        Dec 15, Aides of Tennessee Gov. Ray Blanton (1930-1996) were charged with accepting money in exchange for approving paroles. Two were convicted and sent to prison. The scandal inspired a book, ''Marie: A True Story'' (1983) by Peter Maas.
    (SFC, 11/25/96, p.A3)(http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/imagegallery.php?EntryID=B049)

1979        The Nashville Banner was sold by Gannett to 3 local businessmen after Gannett bought the Tennessean. Irby C. Simpkins Jr. and Brownlee O. Currey bought out the 3rd partner 2 years later.
    (SFC, 2/17/98, p.A3)

1979        Cary Ann Medlin (8) was raped, sodomized and killed. Robert Glen Coe admitted the murder but recanted before his 1981 trial. He was convicted and sentenced to death. In 1999 and 2000 the state Supreme Court and a federal judge issued a stay of execution. Coe was executed by injection on April 19, 2000.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.A3)(SFC, 3/24/00, p.A5)(SFC, 4/20/00, p.A4)

1980        The state’s wine industry began with the opening of Highland Manor.
    (WSJ, 6/2/00, p.W1)

1981        Jun, Former Tennessee Gov. Ray Blanton (1930-1996) was convicted of mail fraud, conspiracy, and extortion for selling liquor licenses and served twenty-two months in a federal penitentiary.
    (http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/imagegallery.php?EntryID=B049)

1981        Nov 5, Dr. George Nichopoulas of Tennessee was acquitted of over prescribing addictive drugs for Elvis Presley.
    (http://tinyurl.com/397gkf)

1982        Apr 23, The Unabomber mailed a pipe bomb from Provo, Utah, to Penn state Univ. It was forwarded to Vanderbilt Univ. scientist Patrick C. Fisher. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski  [see May 5].
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A3)(SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.4)

1982        May 1, The 1982 World's Fair opened in Knoxville, Tenn.
    (SFC, 6/9/97, p.A3)(AP, 5/1/07)

1982        May 5, Janet Smith, a secretary, was injured when a bomb package was opened at Vanderbilt Univ.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A3)(SFEC,11/9/97, Z1p.4)

1982        Jul 2, DeFord Bailey (b.1899), harmonica wizard and star of the Grand Ole Opry, died. He was the first black musician to join the Opry’s regular cast.
    (AH, 10/07, p.74)(www.pbs.org/deford/timeline/index.html)

1983        Feb 24, Tennessee Williams, US playwright born as Thomas Lanier Williams (1911), died in NYC. He left a $10 million estate to support his sister and directed that anything left go to support aspiring writers at the Univ. of the South of Sewanee. His plays included “Cat on a Hot Tin Roof” and “The Rose Tattoo” originally titled "The Eclipse of May 29, 1919." In 1995 Lyle Leverich (d.1999 at 79) published "Tom: The Unknown Tennessee Williams," a definitive work on the playwright's formative years.
    (www.olemiss.edu/depts/english/ms-writers/dir/williams_tennessee/)(SFC, 12/25/99, p.B4)

1983        A Columbia Dam project along the Duck River was scrapped over environmental concerns. In 2001 a 13,000-acre parcel was donated by the TVA to the state for public use.
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A4)

1985        Feb 17, In Tennessee Sidney Porterfield beat Ron Owens to death at his Shelby County home. On January 14, 1986, Gaile Owens (33), the wife of Ron Owens, was sentenced to death for hiring a stranger to kill her abusive husband. In 2010 her sentenced was commuted to life. In 2011 she won parole.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3dpr6cy)(SFC, 10/8/11, p.A5)

1985        Jul 12, Lance Cpl. Suzanne Marie Collins (b.1966) was raped, murdered and mutilated near the Naval Air Station base at Millington, Tenn. Sedley Alley was convicted for the murder in 1987 and sentenced to death. In 2006 Alley was executed by lethal injected for the murder.
    (SFC, 6/29/06, p.A3)(www.answers.com/topic/suzanne-marie-collins)

1985        Jul 14, Carolyn Muncey’s badly beaten body was found near her home in eastern Tennessee. Paul House was convicted in 1986 and sentenced to die for the murder. In 2008 DNA evidence indicated he was not responsible for her sexual assault and a federal judge ordered that he be quickly retried or released.
    (SFC, 5/29/08, p.A2)(www.cbsnews.com/stories/2004/12/10/60minutes/main660438.shtml)

1985        Johnny Russell (d.2001 at 61), songwriter, joined the Grand Ole Opry.
    (SFC, 7/4/01, p.D4)

1986        Dollywood, a theme park owned by country singer Dolly Parton, opened in Pigeon Forge.
    (SFC, 6/9/97, p.A3)

1987        Aug 15, Thousands of people marched past the grave of Elvis Presley in Memphis, Tenn., as they began an all-night vigil marking the 10th anniversary of his death.
    (AP, 8/15/97)

1988        Apr 21, Tennessee Sen. Al Gore gave up his bid for the Democratic presidential nomination, assuring supporters that "there will be other days for me and for the causes that matter to us."
    (AP, 4/21/98)

1988        Dec 6, Rock-and-roll pioneer Roy Orbison died near Nashville, Tenn., at age 52.
    (AP, 12/6/98)

1990        Jul 30, GM’s first Saturn car rolled off the line at Spring Hill, Tennessee. In the fall, GM introduced its all-new Saturn cars to compete against the imports in the small car market. Roger Smith, GM’s CEO, announced the secret Saturn project in 1985 in order to "leap-frog" the Japanese car makers.
    (www.gm.com/company/corp_info/history/gmhis1990.html)

1990        Dec 11, In Chattanooga, Ten.,12 died in a 99 vehicle accident on I-75 due to fog.
    (www.southeastroads.com/i-075c_tn.html)

1991        Mar 23, In Tennessee 20 tornadoes killed 5 people.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1991        Dec 4, The Judds’ final concert took place in Nashville.
    (www.wynonna.com/?em653=22855_0__0_~0_-1_3_2006_0_0&content=judds)

1992        Nov 23, Roy Acuff (b.1903), country music star, died in Nashville, Tenn., at age 89.
    (AP, 11/23/97)

1992        Judge David Lanier was convicted of violating the civil rights of 5 women at his courthouse in Dyersburg. He began his prison sentence in 1993 but was set free by an appeals court in 1995. In 1997 he fled to Mexico and was arrested after two months in Mexico.
    (SFC, 10/15/97, p.A6)

1992        Hospital Corporation of America (HCA), founded by the Frist family and taken private in the late 1980s, launched a public offering.
    (WSJ, 6/27/05, p.A10)

1993        Jun 5, Country star Conway Twitty (born as Harold Lloyd Jenkins) died in Springfield, Mo., at age 59. He was entombed in Gallatin, Tenn.
    (AP, 6/5/98)(SSFC, 12/15/02, Par p.2)

1994        Nov 8, Bill Frist (b.1952), M.D., was elected Senator from Tennessee. His family founded the HCA hospital chain. In 1989 Frist authored “Transplant, A Heart Surgeon's Account of the Life-And-Death Dramas of the New Medicine.”
    (Econ, 4/30/05, p.32)(http://frist.senate.gov/)

1994        Nov 12, Wilma Rudolph, Olympic gold medalist in track and field, died in Nashville, Tenn., at age 54.
    (AP, 11/12/99)

1994        The US federal government tried to seize over $500,000 from the operators of illegal bingo games in Tennessee. A federal appeals court ruled that the seizure was too late because government agents had known about the law-breaking more than 5 years earlier.
    (SSFC, 10/14/12, p.C5)
1994        Tennessee, facing a $250 million deficit in Medicaid administration, gave several managed-care organizations the job of administering the program, TennCare. By the end of 2004 costs rose to $8 billion.
    (Econ, 1/22/05, p.33)

1995        Jan 8, The Inner City Church in Knoxville, Tenn., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)

1995        Don Sundquist was inaugurated as governor of Tennessee. He was re-elected in 1998.
    (www.hermitage.com/tennpol.htm)

1995        Compass Records was founded by banjo master Alison Brown and husband bassist Garry West. They established a name recording contemporary folk artists.
    (WSJ, 12/2/98, p.A20)

1995        Carol Buckley and Scott Blais founded the Elephant Sanctuary on a 800-acre farm in Hohenwald, Tenn.
    (SSFC, 2/24/02, Par p.14)

1996        Jan 29, A Navy F-14 fighter jet crashed in Nashville, Tennessee, demolishing three houses and killing five people.
    (AP, 1/29/01)

1996        In Tennessee Unit 1 of the Watts Bar nuclear power plant came on line after 23 years of construction and a cost of $6.9 billion.
    (SFC, 5/5/07, p.A6)(Econ, 9/8/07, p.71)
1996        In Tennessee the US Dept. of Energy began converting the K-25 building at Oak Ridge, which anchored the world’s first full-scale uranium enrichment factory, into an industrial park. By 2008 it was estimated that K-25 would be leveled by late 2010, and the rest of the site finished by 2016 at a cost of $3 billion.
    (WSJ, 6/2/08, p.A2)
1996        Dolly Parton, American country singer, founded her “Imagination Library.” It provided free books to children in her home county of East Tennessee up to age 5. In 2000 she announced that she would make the program available for replication to any community that was willing to partner with her to support it locally.
    (https://imaginationlibrary.com/)

1997        Mar 1, Severe storms hit Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi, and spawned tornadoes in Arkansas blamed for two dozen deaths.
    (AP, 3/1/98)

1997        Aug 10, In Nashville a riot erupted when a police officer killed a black murder suspect.
    (WSJ, 8/11/97, p.A1)

1997        Dec 1, In Shelbyville Daryl Keith Holton shot and killed his 3 sons and his ex-wife’s daughter (ages 4-13), because he could not get custody. He turned himself in to police.
    (SFC, 12/2/97, p.A8)

xxxx        "Marie, A True Story" by Peter Maas told how Marie Ragghianti exposed the widespread sale of pardons and paroles by the Tennessee office of the governor where she worked.
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, Par p.4)

1998        Feb 3, In Savannah a helicopter used to install power lines struck a worker on a utility pole and crashed. Three people were killed and 2 injured.
    (SFC, 2/4/98, p.A3)

1998        Feb 20, The last edition of the 122-year-old Nashville Banner was published due to dropping circulation.
    (SFC, 2/17/98, p.A3)

1998        Mar 29, The Lady Vols of Tennessee won a third straight NCAA basketball championship, defeating Louisiana Tech.
    (AP, 3/29/99)

1998        Apr 6, Tammy Wynette (55), country singer, died at her Nashville, Tenn., home. Her songs included the 1968 hit "Stand by Your Man." In 2000 Jackie Daly authored the biography "Tammy Wynette."
    (SFC, 4/798, p.A7)(AP, 4/6/99)(WSJ, 6/2/00, p.W10)

1998        Apr 16, Tornadoes claimed 11 lives in Arkansas, Tennessee and Kentucky.
    (SFC, 4/17/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/16/08)

1998        Apr 24, A 13-foot bronze statue of Alex Haley (d.1992), the author of the 1976 Pulitzer Prize book "Roots," was unveiled in Knoxville.
    (SFC, 4/25/98, p.A3)

1998        May 19, In Fayetteville, Tenn., an honor student (18) killed a classmate, who was dating his ex-girlfriend. Jacob Davis was convicted in 1999 for the murder of Nicholas Creson (18) and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 4/21/99, p.A6)(SFC, 7/30/99, p.A9)

1998        Jul 14, Flash floods hit Tennessee and Alabama and 2 people were reported killed. Meanwhile hot weather in Texas was responsible for some 23 deaths where temperatures hit over 100 for the last 26 days.
    (SFC, 7/15/98, p.A3)

1998        Jul 19, Workers for Saturn Corp., a division of GM in Tennessee, authorized union leaders to call their first-ever strike.
    (SFEC, 7/20/98, p.A1)

1998        Oct 19, Tommy Burks, the state incumbent Democrat Senator, was shot and killed at his 1,000 acre hog farm near Monterey. His rival, Byron (Low Tax) Looper, was arrested a week later for the killing. In 2000 Looper was found guilty and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A1)(SFC, 8/24/00, p.A10)

1998        Oct 30, Four abortion clinics in 3 states, Indiana, Kentucky and Tennessee, received letters claiming to contain deadly anthrax bacteria. The letters were tested and found to be free of anthrax.
    (SFC, 10/31/98, p.A3)(SFEC, 11/1/98, p.A11)

1998        Nov 12, In McMinnville Warren County High School was closed due to a gasoline-like smell that caused some people to experience headaches. Over the next 2 days some 171 people went to the emergency room. In 2000 a medical report diagnosed the event as a mass psychogenic illness.
    (SFEC, 5/7/00, p.A30)

1998        Dec 5, Former Senator Albert Gore Senior (90), father of the vice president, died at his home in Carthage, Tenn.
    (AP, 12/5/99)

1998        The Jugg Sisters, Sheri Lynn Nichols and Brenda Kay Wilkins, began a Nashville tour bus operation that focused on the underbelly of the city.
    (SFEC, 1/2/00, p.T8)

1999        Jan 17, In Tennessee tornadoes left 9 people dead and 100 injured with extensive damage in 28 counties.
    (SFC, 1/18/99, p.A5)(WSJ, 1/19/99, p.A1)

1999        Jan 22, More twisters hit the South and 8 people were killed. The 100 year-old Quapaw district of Little Rock was hit hard as was the historic district of Carksville, Tenn.
    (SFC, 1/23/99, p.A3)

1999        May 6, The storm in Oklahoma that killed 41 people moved on to Tennessee and took killed 4 people.
    (SFC, 5/7/99, p.A3)

1999        Popcorn Sutton (1946-2009), Tennessee moonshiner, authored his autobigraphy “Me and My Likker.”
    (WSJ, 3/20/09, p.A12)

2000        Jan 30, In Atlanta the St. Louis Rams defeated the Tennessee Titans 23-16 in Super Bowl XXXIV.
    (SFC, 1/31/00, p.A1)

2000        Feb 4, Lynette Cole, Miss Tennessee, won the Miss USA pageant.
    (SFEC, 2/6/00, p.A4)

2000        Mar 8, In Memphis, Tenn., an off-duty firefighter, Frederick Williams (41), shot and killed 2 firefighters and a sheriff's deputy. Letter carrier Stacey Williams (32), Williams’ wife, was also found dead at the site where a fire was started.
    (SFC, 3/9/00, p.A3)(SFC, 3/10/00, p.D3)

2000        Apr 19, Robert Glen Coe, convicted for the 1979 murder and rape of Cary Ann Medlin (8), was executed by injection. This was the state’s first execution in 40 years.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.A3)(SFC, 3/24/00, p.A5)(SFC, 4/20/00, p.A4)

2000        Apr 28, The Rock’n’Soul Museum opened at the new Gibson Guitar plant in Memphis.
    (SFC, 4/28/00, p.C10)

2001        Jun 30, Chet Atkins, a guitarist who helped create the Nashville sound, died at age 77.
    (WSJ, 7/2/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 7/1/01, p.A25)

2001        Aug 14, A 13,000-acre parcel along the Duck River was donated by the TVA to the state for public use. The Columbia Dam project on the land was scrapped in 1983 due to environmental concerns.
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A4)

2001        Aug 19, A Greyhound bus enroute to Nashville flipped on I-24. One man was killed and 45 people were injured.
    (SFC, 8/20/01, p.A4)

2001        Oct 3, Near Manchester, Tennessee, Damir Igric (29), a Croatian passenger on a Greyhound bus, slit the throat of the bus driver and caused a roll over that killed 7 people including Igric.
    (SFC, 10/4/01, p.C16)(AP, 10/4/06)

2001        The new $37 million, 130,000-sq.-foot Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum opened in Nashville.
    (WSJ, 7/13/01, p.W10)

2002        Mar 18, Flooding hit Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia following a 2nd day of heavy rains.
    (SFC, 3/19/02, p.A3)

2002        Apr 4, A driver and 4 children were killed when a day-care van veered from I-240 and struck a utility pole.
    (WSJ, 4/5/02, p.A1)

2002        Apr 28, Storms hit the Ohio and Tennessee valleys with tornadoes in Missouri and Maryland. At least 6 people were killed.
    (SFC, 4/29/02, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/30/02, p.A1)(AP, 4/28/07)

2002        Jun, The Bonnaroo music festival began in Manchester, Tennessee.
    (Econ, 7/25/09, p.31)

2002        Jul 1, Tennesseans found their government in a partial shutdown after lawmakers failed to pass a balanced budget over the weekend in a stalemate over how to cover an $800 million deficit.
    (AP, 7/1/02)

2002        Jul 3, The Tennessee Legislature passed a 1-cent sales tax increase, the highest in state history, and ended a partial government shutdown.
    (SFC, 7/4/02, p.A4)

2002        Sep 15, In Knoxville, Tennessee, a Norfolk Southern train derailed near and one car with 93,000 pounds of sulfuric acid ruptured. The liquid acid vaporized creating a toxic cloud.
    (SFC, 9/16/02, p.A7)

2002        Nov 10, A series of pulverizing storms barreled through more than a half-dozen US states including Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi and Pennsylvania, killing at least 36 people. More than 100 were injured.
    (SFC, 11/12/02, p.A4)(AP, 11/10/07)

2002        Dec 20, Trent Lott (61) of Mississippi stepped down as Senate Majority Leader and Sen. Bill Frist (50), a  Tennessee heart surgeon, was expected to replace him.
    (SFC, 12/20/02, p.A3)(SFC, 12/21/02, p.A1)

2003        Jan 17, Gertrude Janeway (93), the last known widow of a Union veteran from the Civil War, died in Blaine, Tenn. She had married John Janeway in 1927 when he was 81 and she was barely 18.
    (AP, 1/17/08)

2003        Feb 12, Kemmons Wilson (90), founder of the Holiday Inn chain, died in Memphis, Tenn.
    (WSJ, 2/13/03, p.A1)

2003        Apr 22, Felice Bryant (77), bluegrass song writer, died in Gatlinburg, Tenn.. She and her late husband wrote such tunes as "Bye Bye Love" and other Everly Brothers hits and "Rocky Top" (1968).
    (SFC, 4/23/03, A21)(AP, 4/22/08)

2003        May 5, Tornadoes across Missouri, Kansas and Tennessee left at least 40 people dead.
    (SFC, 5/6/03, p.A3)

2003        Jul 30, Sam Phillips (b.1923), founder of Sun Records (1952), died in Memphis. Phillips produced Elvis Presley's 1st record.
    (SFC, 8/1/03, p.A19)

2003        Sep 25, In Nashville, Tenn., 8 people died in a nursing home fire.
    (SFC, 9/27/03, p.A3)

2004        Jan 15, Tennessee Gov. Bredesen told an economic development conference that he wants the change the way workers' compensation is paid.
    (USAT, 1/16/04, p.10A)

2004        Jan 20, Tennessee began its state lottery, more than a year following voter approval.
    (USAT, 1/20/04, p.3A)

2004        Dec 30, In Tennessee 2 couples were charged with defrauding Wal-Mart of $1.5 million in 19 states by switching UPC bar codes.
    (SFC, 12/31/04, p.C3)

2004        Tennessee State Sen. John Ford testified in a juvenile court hearing that he keeps two homes, living with two different women whose children he fathered.
    (AP, 1/24/05)

2005        Jan 7, In Cleveland, Tenn., Ray Marsh, former crematory operator, pleaded guilty to dumping 334 bodies and passing cement dust off as their remains. He was sentenced to 12 years in prison.
    (SFC, 1/8/05, p.A3)

2005        Mar 2, In Tennessee a school bus driver was shot and killed by a 14-year old student, who was recently disciplined by the driver for using snuff.
    (WSJ, 3/3/05, p.A1)

2005        May 26, In Tennessee 4 lawmakers and a member of a powerful political family were indicted on charges of taking bribes in a FBI sting dubbed “Tennessee Waltz.” State Sen. John Ford had received payments totalling $55,000 and boasted to undercover agents: “You are talking to the guy that makes the deals.”
    (SFC, 5/27/05, p.A12)(Econ, 6/4/05, p.32)

2005        Aug 10, Tennessee prison inmate George Hyatte and his wife, Jennifer, surrendered in Columbus, Ohio, a day after she'd allegedly ambushed two prison guards at a courthouse, killing one of them, to help her husband escape. Jennifer Hyatte was later sentenced to life in prison by agreeing to testify against her husband. George Hyatte, already facing 41 years of incarceration, awaited trial in the murder of Wayne Morgan and escaping jail.
    (AP, 8/10/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingston_courthouse_shooting)

2005        Nov 8, In Jacksboro, Tennessee, Ken Bartley Jr. (15) shot to death assistant principal Ken Bruce and wounded 2 other school officials with a handgun at Campbell County Comprehensive High School. On April 10, 2007, Bartley pleaded guilty to one count of second-degree murder and two counts of attempted second-degree murder, and was sentenced to 45 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/9/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campbell_County_High_School_(Tennessee))

2005        Nov 15, Nearly 3 dozen tornadoes hit Indiana, Kentucky and Tennessee destroying dozens of homes and killing 2 people.
    (SFC, 11/17/05, p.A14)

2005        Nov 18, A federal jury in Tennessee held that Nicolas Carranza (72), a former Salvadoran colonel, was responsible for murder and torture during the 1980s civil war in El Salvador and ordered him to pay $6 million in damages to his accusers.
    (SFC, 11/19/05, p.A5)

2006        Feb 24, Tennessee stopped issuing driving certificates to illegal immigrants after finding the program invited fraud and bribes.
    (WSJ, 2/25/06, p.A1)

2006        Mar 11, Rural house fires in Tennessee and Indiana killed 15 members of two families, and most of the victims were children.
    (AP, 3/12/06)

2006        Mar 22, In Tennessee, Matthew Winkler (31), a minister at Selmer's Church of Christ, was found dead in the parsonage after he missed an evening service and church members went searching for him. On March 24 Tennessee authorities said they would charge Mary Winkler, the minister's wife with first-degree murder. In 2007 Mary Winkler was sentenced to 3 years in prison. She had testified that her husband abused her physically and emotionally.
    (AP, 3/24/06)(AP, 6/9/07)

2006         Mar 24, In Selmer, Tenn., Mary Winkler was charged with shooting to death her minister husband, Matthew Winkler, in the parsonage of their church.  In 2007 Mary Winkler was convicted of voluntary manslaughter.
    (AP, 3/24/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Winkler)

2006        Apr 2, Thunderstorms packing tornadoes and hail as big as softballs ripped through eight US states, killing at least 27 people. Tennessee was hit hardest, with tornadoes striking five western counties and killing 23 people, including an infant. Severe thunderstorms, many producing tornadoes, also struck parts of Iowa, Kentucky, Arkansas, Missouri, Ohio, Illinois and Indiana. Strong wind was blamed or at least three deaths in Missouri.
    (AP, 4/3/06)

2006        Apr 7, In Tennessee 10 people were killed as tornadoes hit the area for the 2nd time in a week.
    (AP, 4/8/06)

2006        Apr 13, In Tennessee’s Cherokee National Forest a black bear killed a 6-year-old girl and critically injured her mother and 2-year-old brother.
    (AP, 4/14/06)

2006        May 11, In Kingston, Tenn., deputy Bill Jones and a friend were shot and killed as they served felony warrants alleging aggravated assault. Jones was shot 33 times by two brothers at a rural farmhouse. Leon Houston (47) and his brother, Rocky Houston (46), were accused of shooting Jones and Mike Brown. Court records show the brothers had filed at least 15 federal lawsuits since 1991 against federal and state judges, police officers, clerks, attorneys and companies. Each petition claimed their civil rights were violated while trying to expose government fraud. All were dismissed.
    (AP, 5/13/06)

2006        Jun 8, A jury in Memphis, Tenn., convicted former state Sen. Roscoe Dixon for his role in the Tennessee Waltz bribery sting. He was convicted on all five counts, which centered on accepting $9,500 in bribe money to influence legislation that would have been beneficial to E-Cycle Management Inc., a fake company the FBI created to orchestrate the Waltz sting.
    (http://tinyurl.com/kt8od)(WSJ, 6/9/06, p.A1)

2006        Jul 24, HCA Inc., the largest US for-profit hospital operator, has agreed to be purchased by a group of investors for about $21.3 billion plus the assumption of $11.7 billion in debt. Shareholders of the Nashville-based company, which was founded by the family of Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist, will receive $51 in cash for each share of common stock.
    (AP, 7/24/06)

2007        Jan 6, The body of Calvin Jenks (24), a Tennessee state trooper, was found beside his patrol car near the intersection of state highways 14 and 54. He was shot during a traffic stop. The next day police arrested two people they believed were responsible for the killing.
    (AP, 1/7/07)
2007        Jan 6, In Knoxville, Tenn., Channon Christian and Christopher Newsom were last seen as they left a friend’s apartment. Newsom’s shot and burned body was found the next day along some railroad tracks. Christian’s body was discovered 2 days later in a trash can at a house rented by one of the suspects. Both had been sexually assaulted. 4 black suspects and an accessory faced murder trials.
    (SFC, 5/19/07, p.A4)

2007        Mar 23, Rachel Smith of Tennessee bested 50 other aspiring beauty queens to win the title of Miss USA.
    (AP, 3/24/07)

2007        Apr 3, After a nine-year title drought, Tennessee's Lady Vols basketball team captured a seventh national title, beating Rutgers 59-46.
    (AP, 4/3/08)

2007        Apr 19, A jury in Selmer, Tenn., convicted Mary Winkler of voluntary manslaughter in the shooting death of her preacher-husband, Matthew. Winkler spent seven months in custody, with two months served in a mental facility.
    (AP, 4/19/08)

2007        Jun 8, Mary Winkler, who'd killed her preacher husband with a shotgun blast to the back as he lay in bed, was sentenced in Selmer, Tenn., to three years in prison. She ended up serving 67 days in custody, 12 in jail and the rest in a mental health facility.
    (AP, 6/9/08)

2007        Jun 16, In Selmer, Tenn., a drag-racing car lost control during a parade and careened into a crowd, killing 6 people and injuring up to 15 others. In 2008 an indictment was unsealed charging Troy Critchley (38) with 6 counts of vehicular homicide and 22 counts of reckless aggravated assault.
    (AP, 6/17/07)(SFC, 3/21/08, p.A4)

2007        Jul 10, It was reported that more than 500 Tennessee streams are polluted with E. coli bacteria, according to information from the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation.
    (AP, 7/11/07)

2007        Sep 1, In eastern Tennessee a small plane carrying 5 Jehovah’s Witness ministers crashed in the Cherokee National Forest killing all 5 aboard.
    (SFC, 9/3/07, p.A3)

2007        Sep 5, Fred Thompson (b.1942), former Tennessee Senator (1994-2002) as well as film and TV character actor, announced himself as a formal Republican candidate for the US presidency on the Jay Leno show. Thompson quit the race on Jan 22, 2008.
    (SFC, 9/6/07, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fred_Thompson)(SFC, 1/23/08, p.A11)

2007        Sep 30, Taylor Bradford (21), a University of Memphis football player, was fatally shot on campus in what was believed to be a targeted attack. Classes for the next day were canceled as a precaution.
    (AP, 10/1/07)

2007        Nov 7, Kenny Chesney won as entertainer of the year and Carrie Underwood won as best female vocalist at the annual Country Music Association Awards in Nashville.
    (SFC, 11/8/07, p.A2)

2008        Feb 5, Storms swept across southeast US as Super Tuesday primaries were ending. At least 31 people were killed in Tennessee, 13 in Arkansas, 7 in Kentucky and four in Alabama. It was one of the 15 worst tornado death tolls since 1950, and the nation's deadliest barrage of tornadoes since 76 people were killed in Pennsylvania and Ohio on May 31, 1985. The death toll rose to 59.
    (AP, 2/6/08)(AP, 2/7/08)(WSJ, 2/8/08, p.A1)

2008        Mar 3, In Memphis, Tennessee, police found 6 bodies, including 2 men, 2 women and 2 boys, and 3 seriously wounded children, aged 1-12, in the Binghampton neighborhood. Jessie L. Dotson (33), the brother of one of the dead men and a convicted killer recently released from prison, was arrested March 7. In 2010 Dotson was convicted for the 6 murders and faced the death penalty.
    (SFC, 3/5/08, p.A5)(AP, 3/9/08)(SFC, 10/12/10, p.A6)

2008        Jul 27, In Knoxville, Tennessee, Jim D. Adkisson (58) entered the Tennessee Valley Unitarian Universalist Church during a children's performance and killed 2 people. In 2009 Adkisson pleaded guilty to killing 2 people and wounding 6 others because he hated the church’s liberal politics.
    (AP, 7/28/08)(SFC, 7/28/08, p.A2)(SFC, 2/10/09, p.A7)

2008        Oct 22, Sheriffs' deputies in Crockett County, Tenn., arrested two suspects, Daniel Cowart (20) of Bells, Tenn., and Paul Schlesselman (18) of Helena-West Helena, Ark., on unspecified charges. On Oct 27 federal authorities charged the 2 white supremacists for allegedly plotting to go on a national killing spree, shooting and decapitating black people and ultimately targeting Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama. On March 29, 2010, Cowart pleaded guilty to eight of 10 counts in an indictment accusing him of conspiracy, threatening a presidential candidate and various federal firearms violations. Co-defendant Schlesselman pleaded guilty in January.
    (AP, 10/28/08)(AP, 3/29/10)

2008        Oct 24, In Tennessee a sport utility vehicle carrying 4 cheerleaders collided with an oncoming car on a wet, foggy highway in Scott County, northwest of Knoxville. 3 cheerleaders were killed and a 4th died the next day. A passenger in the car also was killed.
    (AP, 10/26/08)

2008        Nov 4, In Tennessee John McCain beat Barack Obama by 15 points. Republicans held their 4 US House seats and took control of both chambers of the state legislature for the first time since Reconstruction.
    (WSJ, 11/22/08, p.A2)

2008        Dec 22, In Tennessee a dam broke at the Kingston Fossil Plant spilling some 5.4 million cubic yards of toxic coal ash sludge near the Emory River. TVA officials later said the spill does not threaten water in the Tennessee River, which is fed in part by the Emory River. On Jan 2 federal data showed arsenic levels over 100 times the acceptable amount in the Emory River. In February the TVA estimated cleanup costs of up to $825 million. In May the estimate for cleanup was raised to $975 million. In 2010 state regulators hit the TVA with penalties totaling $11.5 million for the coal ash spill. The sludge was shipped to a landfill outside Uniontown, Alabama.
    (SFC, 12/25/08, p.A6)(WSJ, 12/26/08, p.A2)(SFC, 12/27/08, p.A2)(SFC, 1/3/09, p.A3)(WSJ, 2/13/09, p.A1)(SFC, 5/2/09, p.A4)(SFC, 6/15/10, p.A4)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.44)

2009        Feb 4, Dr. Randeep Mann allegedly bombed the car of Dr. Trent Pierce, the chairman of the Tennessee state medical board, in revenge for punishment after 10 of Mann’s patients fatally overdosed on drugs he had prescribed. Pierce lost an eye and was severely burned.
    (http://a11news.com/1760/dr-randeep-mann-is-car-bomb-suspect/)(SFC, 1/7/10, p.A4)

2009        Jan 9, Jon Hager (67), who performed in the musical comedy duo The Hager Twins on "Hee-Haw," died in Nashville. His brother Jim died in May, 2008. The syndicated TV show, which debuted in 1969, satirized country life with a mixture of music and comedy.
    (AP, 1/10/09)

2009        Apr 10, Areas of Tennessee were hit by a savage line of storms that wrecked homes, killed a mother and her baby and injured dozens of others.
    (AP, 4/11/09)

2009        Jun 4, In Tennessee handguns will soon be allowed in bars and restaurants under a new law passed by state legislators who voted to override Democratic Gov. Phil Bredesen's veto. The legislation takes effect July 14 and retains an existing ban on consuming alcohol while carrying a handgun. Restaurant owners can still opt to ban weapons from their establishments.
    (AP, 6/5/09)

2009        Jul 4, In Tennessee Steve McNair (36), a four-time Pro Bowl selection, was found dead with multiple gunshot wounds on a sofa in his Nashville condominium living room. Sahel Kazemi, (20), discovered near him, was killed by a single gunshot wound. McNair was married with four children.
    (AP, 7/5/09)

2009        Jul 18, In southern Tennessee 5 people were found dead in two neighboring rural homes near Fayetteville, and a sixth body was discovered at a business about 30 miles away in Huntsville, Ala. Jacob Shaffer (30) of Fayetteville was charged later that day with homicide.
    (AP, 7/19/09)

2009        Jul 28, Tennessee state Sen. Paul Stanley (47) resigned in Nashville after his extramarital affair with an intern (22) was revealed by an investigation into an extortion case. McKensie Morrison’s boyfriend was charged with trying to extort $10,000 from the GOP lawmaker.
    (SFC, 7/29/09, p.A6)

2009        Sep 7, In Tennessee 3 people were shot to death at a mobile home near Lafayette.
    (SFC, 9/8/09, p.A6)

2009        Nov 20, A US judge blocked a Tennessee law that allowed people to bring handguns into restaurants and bars.
    (Reuters, 11/23/09)

2010        Feb 4, The US “Tea Party Nation,” a decentralized grassroots movement, began its first national convention in Nashville, Tenn. The event’s grand finale was a tirade against Pres. Obama by former Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin.
    (Econ, 2/13/10, p.31)

2010        Mar 25, In western Tennessee a medical helicopter crashed ion stormy weather killing its crew of three.
    (SFC, 3/26/10, p.A6)

2010        Mar 29, US Federal officials awarded Tennessee and Delaware $600 million in grants to improve failing schools as part of Pres. Obama’s $4 billion fund for education innovation and reform. Delaware won as much as $107 million. Tennessee could get $502 million.
    (AP, 3/29/10)(SFC, 3/30/10, p.A9)

2010        Mar, US and Chilean engineers extracted Chile's last batch of highly enriched uranium (HEU), 18 kg (40 pounds), from reactors near Santiago and shipped it to the US. It was then driven to the Savannah River Site in SC and the Y-12 National Security Complex in Oak Ridge, Ten., where much of it would be converted to safer fuel and resold for nuclear power.
    (AP, 4/8/10)

2010        Apr 15, Russia’s Foreign Ministry said Russia has suspended all adoptions to US families until the two countries can agree on procedures, a week after Torry Hansen, an American woman in Tennessee, sent her adopted son, Artyom Saveliev (7), back to Russia on a plane by himself.
    (AP, 4/15/10)(SFC, 5/19/12, p.A5)

2010        Apr 19, In Tennessee a man opened fire outside the Parkwest Medical Center in Knoxville killing a woman and injuring 2 others before committing suicide.
    (SFC, 4/20/10, p.A6)

2010        May 2, In Tennessee more rain and storms loomed as emergency officials coped with evacuations and closed roads from heavy flooding that claimed five lives. Weekend thunderstorms killed at least 31 people with 19 dead in Tennessee, 6 in Mississippi and 6 in Kentucky. More than 13 inches of rain fell in Nashville over two days, nearly doubling the previous record of 6.68 inches that fell in the wake of Hurricane Fredrick in 1979.
    (AP, 5/2/10)(AP, 5/3/10)(AP, 5/4/10)(SFC, 5/8/10, p.A5)(SSFC, 5/9/10, p.A8)

2010        May 14, In Tennessee truck driver Bruce Mendenhall (59) was convicted in the June 2007 death of a woman at a Nashville truck stop. Authorities said he preyed on prostitutes at truck stops. Mendenhall has also been charged with killing women in Lebanon, Ten., Indianapolis and Birmingham, Ala.
    (SFC, 5/15/10, p.A4)

2010        Jul 19, In Tennessee Lorenzen Wright, a 13-year former NBA player, went missing. His body was found on July 28 in a wooded area of southeast Memphis.
    (AFP, 7/29/10)

2010        Oct 18, In Tennessee workers Judy Spray (58), a rural carrier associate, and Paula Robinson (33), a retail clerk, were gunned down at a rural post office that doubles as a community center in Henning.
    (AP, 10/19/10)

2010        Nov 2, Iowa (Terry Branstad), Kansas (Sam Brownback), Maine (Paul LePage), Michigan (Rick Snyder), New Mexico (Susana Martinez), Ohio (John Kasich), Oklahoma (Mary Fallin), Pennsylvania (Tom Corbett), Tennessee (Bill Haslam), Wisconsin (Scott Walker), Wyoming (Matt Mead) all replaced the Democratic governors with Republicans. Snyder (R) defeated Michigan Gov. Jennifer Granholm (D) by bragging about his managerial skills.
    (Econ, 11/6/10, p.45)

2010        Nov 8, An indictment was unsealed that charged 29 people in a sex trafficking ring in which Somali gangs in Minneapolis and St. Paul allegedly forced girls under age 14 into prostitution. 17 people were arrested in Minnesota, 9 in Tennessee and 3 remained at large.
    (SFC, 11/9/10, p.A6)

2011        Jan 5, In Oakland, Tennessee, explosions and a fire at the Kinematics Research ammunition plant killed one worker.
    (SFC, 1/6/11, p.A11)

2011        Jan 14, In Tennessee an 8,000-pound elephant named Edie (26) backed  Knoxville zoo trainer Stephanie James (33) into a wall and crushed her to death.
    (Reuters, 1/16/11)

2011        Jan 15, Republican Bill Haslam (52), former executive for the Pilot chain of truck stops and former mayor of Knoxville, was sworn in as governor of Tennessee. He replaced Democrat Phil Bredeson, who could not run for re-election due to term limits.
    (SSFC, 1/16/11, p.A9)

2011        Apr 5, In Tennessee crews recovered the bodies of two workers from the rubble of a wastewater-treatment plant wall that collapsed earlier in the day. Officials continued to investigate what caused the breach that released sewage into a rain-swollen river at Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Storms pummeled the US South with tornadoes. At least 8 people were reported killed in the Carolinas, Georgia, Mississippi and Tennessee.
    (SFC, 4/6/11, p.A11)

2011        Apr 13, In Tennessee nursing student Holly Bobo (20) was last seen as she prepared to leave for college classes.
    (SFC, 4/15/11, p.A8)

2011        Apr 15, Storms marched into Tennessee, Louisiana and later into Georgia. At least three twisters touched down in Mississippi, where a state of emergency was declared in 14 counties, causing widespread damage.
    (AP, 4/16/11)

2011        Apr 27, Dozens of tornadoes spawned by a powerful storm system wiped out neighborhoods across a wide swath of the South, killing at least 350 people in the deadliest outbreak in nearly 40 years. Alabama had 254 deaths, 34 in Mississippi, 34 in Tennessee, 15 in Georgia, 8 in Arkansas, 5 in Virginia and one in Kentucky.
    (AP, 4/28/11)(AP, 4/29/11)(AFP, 4/30/11)

2011        Apr 28, Pres. Obama declared a major disaster in Alabama. Declarations for Mississippi followed on Apr 29,  Georgia on Apr 30, and soon followed for Tennessee and Arkansas.
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.28)

2011        May 4, President Barack Obama declared parts of Kentucky, Mississippi and Tennessee as disaster areas due to flooding, freeing up federal aid to help those affected.
    (Reuters, 5/5/11)

2011        May 10, The Mississippi River crested at Memphis, Tenn., at nearly 48 feet, just inches short of the 48.7 feet record set in 1937. Vicksburg was forecast to see its highest river level ever, slightly above the 56.2-feet mark set in 1927. Farther south in Natchez, forecasters said the 1937 record could be shattered by 4 feet on May 14.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3mg3szx)(AP, 5/11/11)

2011        Aug 10, Tennessee school principal Suzette York (49) was shot and killed by a 17-year-old student at a private school in Memphis.
    (SFC, 8/11/11, p.A6)

2011        Sep 18, In Tennessee 5 bikers were found dead in a recreational vehicle at the Clarksville Speedway. An organizer for the motorcycle festival blamed the deaths on fumes from a generator.
    (AP, 9/18/11)

2011        Oct 28, In Tennessee 29 Occupy Nashville protesters were arrested in a pre-dawn raid. Many returned to the Legislative Plaza the same evening and remained through a 10 p.m. curfew. Troopers arrested 26 people this time. All were charged with trespassing. Magistrate Tom Nelson told troopers delivering the protesters to jail that he could "find no authority anywhere for anyone to authorize a curfew anywhere on Legislative Plaza."
    (AP, 10/29/11)

2012        Jan 14, Dan Evins (76), the founder of the Cracker Barrel Old Country Store chain, died in Lebanon, Tenn. He opened his first restaurant in Lebanon in 1969. The restaurant catered to highway travelers and focused on offering Southern hospitality, country-style cooking and an associated gift shop.
    (AP, 1/16/12)

2012        Feb 26, In West Tennessee one man was killed and 19 other people were injured early today when gunmen opened fire at the Karma Lounge in downtown Jackson.
    (AP, 2/26/12)

2012        Feb 29, At least 16 tornadoes ravaged the Midwest and South. 13 people were killed including 6 in Harrisburg, Illinois, 3 in Missouri, 3 in Tennessee and one in Kansas.
    (SFC, 3/1/12, p.A6)(SFC, 3/2/12, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/7hrqnq4)

2012        Mar 6, Ten US states voted in the Super Tuesday Republican primaries. Republican presidential frontrunner Mitt Romney edged out conservative rival Rick Santorum in the vital battleground of Ohio and won five of the night's other contests. Romney also notched victories in Alaska, Idaho, Vermont, Virginia and his home-state of Massachusetts, while Santorum won North Dakota, Oklahoma and Tennessee, and Newt Gingrich carried his home state of Georgia.
    (SFC, 3/7/12, p.A6)(Econ, 3/10/12, p.18)

2012        Apr 10, Tennessee Gov. Bill Haslam signed into law a bill requiring the state’s education system to in part “explore scientific questions.” Some felt it would allow teachers to introduce creationism and intelligent design into science classrooms.
    (Econ, 4/21/12, p.44)

2012        May 4, A federal jury in Nashville split its verdict against 9 people accused of operating a sex trafficking ring run mostly by Somali refugee gang members. 3 men were convicted of conspiracy to commit sex trafficking of children. 6 men were acquitted.
    (SFC, 5/5/12, p.A5)

2012        May 7, In Guntown, Mississippi, the FBI identified two bodies found in a home associated with Adam Mayes (35), as Jo Ann Bain and her 14-year-old daughter, Adrienne Bain. Mayes has been charged in Tennessee with abducting Bain and her 3 daughters (8,12,14), last seen on Aril 27.
    (AFP, 5/7/12)

2012        May 11, Tennessee Governor Bill Haslam's office confirmed that he had signed the controversial "gateway sexual activity" bill, which stirred up controversy nationwide and even was lampooned by comedian Stephen Colbert.
    (Reuters, 5/11/12)

2012        May 18, A Tennessee judge said Torry Hansen must pay $150,000 and $1000 per month to support Artyom Saveliev (10) until he turns 18. She had sent the adopted boy back to Russia by himself in 2010 saying she did not want him anymore.
    (SFC, 5/19/12, p.A5)(AP, 7/13/12)

2012        Apr, A new DNA study in the Journal of Genetic Genealogy found that genetic evidence shows that Tennessee families historically called Melungeons are the offspring of sub-Saharan African men and white women of northern or central European origin. Beginning in the early 1800s, or possibly before, the term Melungeon (meh-LUN'-jun) was applied as a slur to a group of about 40 families along the Tennessee-Virginia border.
    (AP, 5/24/12)

2012        Jun 7, Bob Welch (65), a former member of Fleetwood Mac who also had a solo career, died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound in Tennessee.
    (SFC, 6/8/12, p.A8)

2012        Jul 16, Kitty Wells, American country singer, died in Madison, Tenn. Her songs included “It Wasn’t God Who Made Honky Tonk Angels” (1952).
    (SFC, 7/18/12, p.C4)

2012        Sep 16, It was reported that a $300,000 project by the Nature Conservancy has created an artificial bat cave deep in the Tennessee woods. Conservationists hoped to help save bats dying from a fungus that causes white-nose syndrome.
    (SSFC, 9/16/12, p.A22)

2013        Mar 27, Tennessee Gov. Bill Haslam said he would not expand Medicaid in his state joining 18 other Republican governors who have rejected expansion for now.
    (SFC, 3/28/13, p.A9)

2013        Apr 15, FBI and IRS agents locked down the Knoxville, Tenn., headquarters of the Pilot Flying J truck stop business owned by the family of Gov. Bill Haslam and his brother Jimmy, owner of the Cleveland Browns.
    (SFC, 4/16/13, p.A5)

2013        Apr 16, A letter was intercepted in Washington DC, postmarked from Memphis and mailed to Mississippi Republican Sen. Roger Wicker's office. It contained the toxic substance ricin, forcing the temporary closure of a Senate post office and prompting a federal investigation. The next day FBI agents detained Paul Kevin Curtis at his home in Corinth, Miss.
    (The Ticket, 4/17/13)

2013        Apr 17, FBI agents in Corinth, Ten., arrested Paul Kevin Curtis (45). He was accused of mailing letters containing ricin to Pres. Obama and Sen. Roger Wicker (R-Mis). Curtis had claimed to have uncovered a conspiracy while working at a local hospital from 1998-2000, when he discovered a refrigerator full of dismembered body parts and organs in a morgue.
    (SFC, 4/18/13, p.A9)

2013        May 8, In Tennessee a nun (83) and 2 fellow protesters were convicted of interfering with national security when they broke into a nuclear weapons facility in Oak Ridge.
    (SFC, 5/9/13, p.A6)

2013        May 13, Memphis, Tenn., educator Clarence Mumford Sr. was sentenced to 7 years in prison after pleading guilty to leading a 15-year scheme that helped teachers cheat on qualification exams.
    (SFC, 5/14/13, p.A4)

2013        May 29, The Linchpins of Liberty in Franklin, Tenn., and 24 other Tea Party groups sued the IRS over claims the agency violated their constitutional rights by delaying action on applications for tax-exempt status beginning in 2010.
    (SFC, 5/30/13, p.A5)

2013        Jun 29, In Tennessee Vanderbilt University said it has dismissed four football players from the team and suspended them from the university as the result of a sex crimes investigation.
    (CSM, 6/30/13)

  2013    Sep 12, In Tennessee the bodies of a young woman and 3 teenagers were found in a car some 50 miles west of Knoxville. Suspect Jacob Allen Bennett (26) was soon arrested on a parole violation.
    (SFC, 9/14/13, p.A5)

2013        Oct 22, In Tennessee a medical helicopter crashed killing 2 hospital workers and a pilot.
    (SFC, 10/22/12, p.A5)

2013        Oct 24, Tennessee Nat’l. Guardsman Sgt. 1st Class Amos Patton shot and wounded three fellow Guard members at an armory in Millington just after he was relieved of duty because of alleged misconduct.
    (SFC, 10/26/13, p.A7)

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