Timeline Texas

Return to home

ALH: http://www.usgennet.org/~alhntxus/
Facts:
http://www.50states.com/texas.htm
Genealogy & Links:
http://www.myweb.net/~de/texas.html
History Links:
http://www.dla.utexas.edu/texhist/THClinks.html
History resources:
http://www.lsjunction.com/
Map:
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/Libs/PCL/Map_collection/texas_detailed.html
Newspapers:
http://ajr.newslink.org/txnews.html
Timeline to 1901:
http://www.lsjunction.com/events/events.htm#statehood

Texas is about 1/3 times the size of Mexico.
(SSFC, 10/9/05, Par p.27)
Amarillo used to be called "Ragtown" because the first settlers lived in tents or huts of buffalo hide.
 (SFEC, 7/6/97, Z1 p.6)

67Mill BC    Dinosaurs roamed the area that later became Big Bend National Park. Neck bones of a hundred ton dinosaur from this time were found in 2000.
    (SFC, 2/2/00, p.A3)

36kBCE    A woolly mammoth died on the Texas Gulf Coast. It was unearthed in 2004 and tentatively dated to this time.
    (AP, 1/13/04)

13.5k BC ¬- 11.2k BC In 2011 archeologists reported the discovery of 56 stone tools found in central Texas dating to about this time. The dating prefigured the “Clovis culture” by about 2 thousand years.
    (SFC, 3/25/11, p.A7)

1528        Nov 2, The Spanish Narvaez expedition, having traveled some 700 miles toward eastern Texas, encountered a massive storm and their 5 barges separated.
    (ON, 10/03, p.2)

1528        Nov 6, A Spanish barge under Don Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca landed in East Texas. The survivors of 2 barges spent the winter on an island they named Isla de Malhado, "The Island of Misfortune." By the spring of 1529 there were 15 castaways left and half the native population was dead from disease.
    (ON, 10/03, p.3)

1534        Sep, Don Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, reunited earlier with 3 survivors of the Narvaez expedition: Andres Dorantes, Alonso de Castillo and Estevanico, a black African and formerly Castillo's slave, fled their enslavement under the Mariames Indians.
    (ON, 10/03, p.4)

1535        Jun, Castaways Don Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca with 3 companions resumed their journey from Texas to Mexico after spending 8 months with the congenial Avavares Indians.
    (ON, 10/03, p.5)

1536        cJan, Spanish castaways Don Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca with 3 companions reached the Pacific Coast in northern Mexico under Indian escort and encountered Spanish troops engaged as slave hunters.
    (ON, 10/03, p.5)

1540        Feb 23, Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado began his unsuccessful search for the fabled Seven Cities of Gold in the American Southwest. Antonio de Mendoza, Viceroy of Mexico, sent Francisco Coronado overland to search for the fabled Seven Cities of Cibola in present day New Mexico. Coronado, Spanish explorer, introduced horses, mules, pigs, cattle, and sheep into the American southwest. An Indian guide spoke of a rich kingdom called Quivira. When no cities were found he confessed under torture that the story was false.
    (NPS-CNM, 4/1/97)(HN, 2/23/99)(TL-MB, 1988, p.16)(SFC, 1/31/04, p.D1)

1541        May, The expedition of Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, having crossed the high plains of Texas, feasted on game and held a Mass of thanksgiving.
    (Sm, 2/06, p.12)

1686        Jan, A storm arose and sank the French ship “La Belle,” of explorer Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, in Matagorda Bay, Texas. La Salle was off searching for the Mississippi River. This ended La Salle’s plan for a French colony and opened the door to Spain to come and occupy Texas. Archeologists found the ship in 1995 in 12-feet of water and began a recovery project. In 1996 a skeleton was bound onboard. In 2014 the remains of the ship were transported to the Bullock State History Museum in Austin.
    (SFC, 11/9/96, p.A12)(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A7)(SFC, 8/16/12, p.A7)(AP, 7/18/14)

1687        Mar 19, French explorer Robert Cavelier (b.1643), Sieur de La Salle, the first European to navigate the length of the Mississippi River, was murdered by mutineers while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi, along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico in present-day Texas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9-Robert_Cavelier,_Sieur_de_La_Salle)(AP, 3/19/97)

1720        Mission San Jose was established by Franciscan friars on the San Antonio River.
    (SSFC, 4/8/01, p.T8)

1793        Mar 2, Sam Houston, the first president of the Republic of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44), was born near Lexington, Va. He fought for Texas' independence from Mexico; President of Republic of Texas; U.S. Senator; Texas governor
    (AP, 3/2/98)(HC, Internet, 2/3/98)(SC, 3/2/02)

1793        Nov 3, Stephen Fuller Austin was born. He colonized Texas.
    (MC, 11/3/01)

1804        Nov 27, Pres. Jefferson issued a nationwide proclamation to military and public officials warning of a conspiracy to attack Spanish territory in Texas. He had opened negotiations with Spain to purchase Texas territory west of New Orleans. Jefferson had heard rumors that Aaron Burr had begun plotting an invasion of Texas. Jefferson ordered Gen. James Wilkinson to move federal troops into defensive positions between the Sabine River and New Orleans. Wilkinson, unbeknownst  to Jefferson, was a close confidant of Burr and also worked as a spy in the employ of Spanish officials in Mexico.
    (ON, 12/08, p6)

1819-1820    The James Long Expedition was an attempt to take control of Spanish Texas. Long successfully established a small independent government, known as the Republic of Texas (distinct from the later Republic of Texas created by the Texas Revolution). The expedition crumbled later in the year, as Spanish troops drove the invaders out. Long returned to Texas in 1820 and attempted to reestablish his control.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_Expedition)

1821        Feb 22, The Adams-Onis Treaty became final, whereby Spain gave up all of Florida to the US. The boundary between Mexico and the Louisiana Purchase was established and the US renounced all claims to Texas.
    (AH, 2/06, p.15)

1829        Aug 25, Pres. Jackson made an offer to buy Texas, but the Mexican government refused.
    (chblue.com, 8/25/01)

1835        Mar 27, The Mexican army massacred Texan rebels at Gohad.
    (HN, 3/27/99)

1835        Sep, Texans petitioned for statehood separate from Coahuila. They wrote out their needs and their complaints in The Declaration of Causes. This document was designed to convince the Federalists that the Texans desired only to preserve the 1824 Constitution, which guaranteed the rights of everyone living on Mexican soil. But by this time, Santa Anna was in power, having seized control in 1833, and he advocated the removal of all foreigners. His answer was to send his crack troops, commanded by his brother-in-law, General Martin Perfecto de Css, to San Antonio to disarm the Texans.
    (HNQ, 3/24/01)

1835        Oct 2, The first battle of the Texas Revolution took place as American settlers fought Mexican soldiers near the Guadalupe River; the Mexicans ended up withdrawing.
    (AP, 10/2/08)

1835        Oct, Before the Alamo, Mexican General Css led troops against the small community of Gonzales, since enshrined in history as the "Lexington of Texas." San Antonio de Bixar went under military rule, with 1,200 Mexican troops under General Css’ command. When Css ordered the small community of Gonzales, about 50 miles east of San Antonio, to return a cannon loaned to the town for defense against Indian attack--rightfully fearing that the citizens might use the cannon against his own troops--the Gonzales residents refused. "Come and take it!" they taunted, setting off a charge of old chains and scrap iron, shot from the mouth of the tiny cannon mounted on ox-cart wheels. Although the only casualty was one Mexican soldier, Gonzales became enshrined in history as the "Lexington of Texas." The Texas Revolution was on.
    (HNQ, 3/24/01)

1835        Nov 13, Texans officially proclaimed Independence from Mexico, and called itself the Lone Star Republic, after its flag, until its admission to the Union in 1845. In 2001 Randy Roberts and James S. Olson authored "A Line in the Sand," a narrative of the Texas drive for independence.
    (HN, 11/13/98)(WSJ, 2/9/00, p.W6)

1835        Nov 24, Texas Rangers, a mounted police force, was authorized by the Texas Provisional Government. The Mexicans called them Los Diablos Tejanos -The Texas Devils.
    (MC, 11/24/01)(HNQ, 4/7/02)

1836        Jan 5, Davy Crockett arrived in Texas just in time to die at the Alamo.
    (MC, 1/5/02)

1836        Jan 18, Knife aficionado Jim Bowie arrived at the Alamo to assist its Texas defenders.
    (HN, 1/18/99)

1836        Feb 12, Mexican General Santa Anna crossed the Rio Grande en route to the Alamo.
    (HN, 2/12/99)

1836        Feb 23, The Alamo was besieged by Santa Anna. Thus began the siege of the Alamo, a 13-day moment in history that turned a ruined Spanish mission in San Antonio, Texas, into a shrine known and revered the world over. In 2012 James Donovan authored “The Blood of Heroes: The 13-Day Struggle for the Alamo – and the Sacrifice That Forged a Nation.
    (AP, 2/23/98)(Econ, 6/2/12, p.99)

1836        Feb 24, Some 3,000 Mexicans under Gen. Santa Ana launched an assault on the Alamo, with its 182 Texan defenders. The siege lasted 13 days.
    (HN, 2/24/98)(MC, 2/24/02)

1836        Feb 27, Mexican forces under General Jose de Urrea defeated Texan forces at the Battle of San Patricio.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goliad_Campaign)

1836        Mar 2, Texas declared its independence from Mexico on Sam Houston's 43rd birthday. The first vice-president was Lorenzo de Zavala. Mexico refused to recognize Texas but diplomatic relations were established with the US, Britain and France. Texas was an independent republic until 1845.
    (WSJ, 11/21/95, p.A-12)(WP, 6/29/96, p.A15)(SFC, 4/28/97, p.A3)(AP, 3/2/98)(HN, 3/2/99)
1836        Mar 2, Mexican forces under General Jose de Urrea defeated Texan forces at the Battle of Agua Dulce.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goliad_Campaign)

1836        Mar 6, The Alamo fell after fighting for 13 days. Angered by a new Mexican constitution that removed much of their autonomy, Texans seized the Alamo in San Antonio in December 1835. Mexican president General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna marched into Texas to put down the rebellion. By late February, 1836, 182 Texans, led by Colonel William Travis, held the former mission complex against Santa Anna’s [3,000] 6,000 troops. At 4 a.m. on March 6, after fighting for 13 days, Santa Anna’s troops charged. In the battle that followed, all the Alamo defenders were killed while the Mexicans suffered about 2,000 casualties. Santa Anna dismissed the Alamo conquest as "a small affair," but the time bought by the Alamo defenders’ lives permitted General Sam Houston to forge an army that would win the Battle of San Jacinto and, ultimately, Texas’ independence. Mexican Lt. Col. Pena later wrote a memoir: "With Santa Anna in Texas: Diary of Jose Enrique de la Pena," that described the capture and execution of Davy Crockett and 6 other Alamo defenders. In 1975 a translation of the diary by Carmen Perry (d.1999) was published. Apparently, only one Texan combatant survived Jose María Guerrero, who persuaded his captors he had been forced to fight. Women, children, and a black slave, were spared.
    (AP, 3/6/98)(HN, 3/6/98)(HNPD, 3/6/99)(SFC, 6/15/99, p.C6)

1836        Mar 12, Mexican forces under General Jose de Urrea defeated Texan forces at the Battle of Refugio.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goliad_Campaign)

1836        Mar 13, Refugees from the Alamo arrived in Gonzales, Texas, and informed Gen. Sam Houston of the March 6, fall of the Alamo. Houston immediately ordered a retreat.
    (ON, 8/10, p.1)

1836        Mar 16, The Republic of Texas approved a constitution.
    (AP, 3/16/97)

1836        Mar 17, David G. Burnet (1788-1870) became interim president of Texas and continued to Oct 22, 1836. he became the second Vice President of the Republic of Texas (1839-41), and Secretary of State (1846) for the new state of Texas after it was annexed to the United States of America.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_G._Burnet)

1836        Mar 20, At Coleto Creek, Texas, Colonel James Fannin after being surrounded by Mexican forces under General Urrea, agreed to surrender to Colonel Juan Jose Holzinger. Fannin was unaware that General Santa Anna had decreed execution for all rebels. Urrea negotiated the surrender "at the disposal of the Supreme Mexican Government," falsely stating that no prisoner taken on those terms had lost his life.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goliad_Campaign)

1836        Mar 26, Mexican Colonel Jose Nicolas de la Portilla received orders from Gen. Santa Anna in triplicate to execute his Texan prisoners at Goliad.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goliad_Campaign)

1836        Mar 27, Mexican Colonel Jose Nicolas de la Portilla executed his Texan prisoners at Goliad. Colonel Portilla had the 342 Texians marched out of Fort Defiance into three columns. The Texians were then fired on at point-blank range. The wounded and dying were then clubbed and stabbed. Those who survived the initial volley were run down by the Mexican cavalry.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goliad_Campaign)

1836        Mar, Thousands of English speaking Texans abandoned their homes as the Mexican army advanced following the fall of the Alamo. They fled toward Louisiana in what came to be called the “Runaway Scrape.”
    (ON, 8/10, p.2)

1836        Apr 21, Some 910 Texians led by Sam Houston, the former governor of Tennessee, defeated the Mexican army under Gen. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna at San Jacinto. The victory in the 18 minute battle sealed Texan independence from Mexico. Houston counted 9 fatalities. 630 Mexicans were killed out of some 1,250 troops. Some 700 were taken prisoner.
    (AP, 4/21/97)(HN, 4/21/98)(AH, 2/03, p.22)(ON, 8/10, p.3)

1836        May 19, Comanche warriors in Texas attacked Fort Parker and kidnapped Cynthia Ann Parker (9) and several others. She was recaptured by whites in 1860 and was forced to live among whites until her death in 1871. Her son Quanah (d.1911) escaped capture and grew up to become leader of the Quahadi, the most feared subset of the Comanche. In 2010 S.C. Gwynne authored “Empire of the Southern Moon: Quanah Parker and the Rise of the Comanches, the Most Powerful Indian Tribe in American History.”
    (Econ, 6/19/10, p.85)(www.lone-star.net/mall/texasinfo/CynthiaAnnParker.htm)

1836        Sep 5, Sam Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas.
    (AP, 9/5/97)

1836        Oct 22, Sam Houston was inaugurated as the first constitutionally elected president of the Republic of Texas.
    (AP, 10/22/97)(HN, 10/22/98)

1836        Dec 27, Stephen Fuller Austin (43), founder of state of Texas, died.
    (MC, 12/27/01)

1836-1838    Sam Houston (1793-1863), US soldier and political leader, was president of the Republic of Texas.
    (WUD, 1994, p.689)

1836-1845    Texas was an independent republic.
    (SFC, 4/28/97, p.A3)

1837        Mar 3, US President Andrew Jackson and Congress recognized the Republic of Texas.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1839        The Republic of Texas issued the so-called Texas "redbacks." It printed over two million dollars in redbacks, which were initially worth about 37 cents to a US dollar. By 1842, the redbacks had become virtually worthless and had lost the power of legal tender. Once again Texans used bank notes from other states and shinplasters instead of the Texas money.
    (www.tsl.state.tx.us/treasures/republic/currency-01.html)
1839        John Neely Byron started a trading post on what later became known as the grassy knoll near Dealy Plaza in Dallas, Tx., near the site of JFK's 1963 assassination.
    (SSFC, 11/16/03, p.C8)

1843        Mar 25, Seventeen Texans, who picked black beans from a jar otherwise filled with white beans, were executed by a Mexican firing squad. After months of raiding, captivity and escapes in Northern Mexico, Mexican president Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna ordered the execution of one tenth of the 176 Texas freebooters of the Mier Expedition. The event was later depicted by artist Theodore Gentilz.
    (HNPD, 3/27/00)

1844        Apr 12, Texas became a US territory.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1845        Mar 1, President Tyler signed a congressional resolution to annex the Republic of Texas.
    (AP, 3/1/98)

1845        Jun 23, The congress of the Republic of Texas voted to accept annexation by the US after 10 years as an independent republic. [see Jul 4, 1845]
    (MC, 6/23/02)

1845        Jul 4, Texas Congress voted for annexation to US. [see Jun 23, 1845]
    (Maggio, 98)

1845        Oct 13, Texas voters ratified a state constitution.
    (AP, 10/13/97)

1845        Dec 29, Texas (comprised of the present State of Texas and part of New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming) was admitted as the 28th state, with the provision that the area (389, 166 square miles) should be divided into no more than five states "of convenient size." Sam Houston insisted on maintaining control of offshore waters as a condition of joining the union.
    (HN, 12/29/98)(AP, 12/29/97)(Econ, 7/1/06, p.29)

1846        Jan 13, President James Polk dispatched General Zachary Taylor and 4,000 troops to the Texas Border as war with Mexico loomed. At the outset of the Mexican-American War, the Mexican army numbered 32,000 and the American army consisted of 7,200 men. The American army had, since 1815, only fought against a few Indian tribes. Forty-two percent of the army was made up of recent German or Irish immigrants. In the course of the war, the total U.S. force employed reached 104,000. In 2008 Martin Dugard authored “The Training Ground: Grant, Lee, Sherman, and Davis in the Mexican War, 1846-1848.” In 2012 Amy S. Greenberg authored “A Wicked War: Polk, Clay, Lincoln and the 1846 US Invasion of Mexico.”
    (HNQ, 2/28/99)(WSJ, 5/16/08, p.W8)(SSFC, 1/6/13, p.F6)

1846        Feb 19, The Texas state government was formally installed in Austin, with J. Pinckney Henderson taking the oath of office as governor.
    (AP, 2/19/07)

1846        May 8, News reached Washington DC that Mexican troops had attacked a US reconnaissance patrol near the Rio Grande and killed or captured some 40 men. That same afternoon Polk and his cabinet had decided to ask Congress for a declaration of war against Mexico.
    (AH, 6/07, p.44)
1846        May 8, The first major battle of the Mexican-American War was fought at Palo Alto, Texas; US forces led by General Zachary Taylor were able to beat back the invading Mexican forces.
    (AP, 5/8/07)

1846        May, Sarah Borginnis was very big--a red-haired behemoth anywhere from 6 to 7 feet tall, depending on whose account you read. She first appeared in history at the beginning of the Mexican War as she traveled with Zachary Taylor's army as a cook, laundress and occasional nurse. But it was in May 1846 during the siege of Fort Brown, Texas, that Sarah distinguished herself by calmly making coffee and bean soup in an open courtyard as Mexican explosive shells burst around her. In spite of receiving a "bullet through her bonnet and another through her bread tray," Sarah, who became known as "The Heroine of Fort Brown," made her rounds nursing soldiers and feeding the men.
    (HNQ, 5/17/99)

1849-1853    Fort Worth served as an Army post.
    (SFC,11/8/97, p.E4)

1853        May 26, John Wesley Hardin was born in Bonham, Texas. The 19th-century Western outlaw John Wesley Hardin was named after John Wesley, who began the Methodist movement in 1738.   
    (HNQ, 4/1/00)

1853        The 825,000-acre King Ranch was founded by Richard King, a former NY native and steamboat captain.
    (SFC, 5/25/01, p.D7)

1860         Nov, Abraham Lincoln won the US presidential elections with a majority of the electoral votes in a 4-way race. Following his election South Carolina seceded from the Union followed by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas.
    (WSJ, 9/19/97, p.A13)

1860        Texas enacted a sodomy law. It was repealed in 2000.
    (SFC, 6/9/00, p.A4)

1861        Feb 1, A furious Governor Sam Houston stormed out of a legislative session upon learning that Texas had voted 167-7 to secede from the Union. Texas became the 7th state to secede.
    (AP, 2/1/97)(HN, 2/1/99)(MC, 2/1/02)

1861        Feb 4, Winfield Scott, US general-in-chief, decided to relieve Lt. Col. Robert E. Lee as commander of federal forces in Texas and bring him to Washington DC where Lee could take command of forces guarding DC.
    (ON, 12/05, p.11)
1861        Feb 4, Delegates from six southern states met in Montgomery, Ala., to form the Confederate States of America. They included Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas. They elected Jefferson Davis as president of Confederacy.
    (AP, 2/4/97)(ON, 11/00, p.1)

1861        Feb 23, Texas by popular referendum became the 7th state to secede from the Union.
    (HN, 2/23/98)(MC, 2/23/02)

1861        Apr 5, Federals abandoned Ft. Quitman, Tx.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1861        Apr 23, Battle of San Antonio, TX.
    (MC, 4/23/02)

1861        Aug 12, Texas rebels were attacked by Apaches.
    (MC, 8/12/02)

1862        Feb 21, The Texas Rangers won a Confederate victory in the Battle of Val Verde, New Mexico.
    (HN, 2/21/98)

1862        Aug 12, Gen John Hunt Morgan and his raiders capture Gallatin, TX.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1863        Jul 26, Samuel Houston (70), 1st Pres. of Republic of Texas (1836-38, 41-44), died.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1863        Sep 8, Confederate Lieutenant Dick Dowling thwarted a Union naval landing at Sabine Pass, northeast of Galveston, Texas.
    (HN, 9/8/98)

1863        A woman was executed by the state. The next woman to face execution would be Karla Faye Tucker in 1998.
    (WSJ, 2/3/98, p.A1)

1864         Nov 26, Colonel Kit Carson led the attack in the first Battle of Adobe Walls. Carson, leading a column of 335 officers and men of the 1st New Mexico Volunteer Cavalry, surprised an encampment of Kiowa Indians on the site of adobe buildings on the South Canadian River in Texas. After routing the Kiowa, Carson's forces were counterattacked by hundreds of Comanches from nearby villages and forced to retreat.
    (HNQ, 9/25/98)

1865        May 12, The last land action of the Civil War was fought at Palmito Ranch in Texas. It was a Confederate victory.
    (SC, Internet, 5/12/97)(HN, 5/12/02)

1865        May 26, At the Battle of Galveston, TX., Edmund Kirby Smith surrendered.
    (MC, 5/26/02)

1865        Aug 20, Pres. Johnson proclaimed an end to the "insurrection" in Texas.
    (MC, 8/20/02)

1865        Jun 2, At Galveston, Confederate General Kirby-Smith surrendered the Trans-Mississippi Department to Northern Forces.
    (HN, 6/2/98)

1865        Jun 19, Emancipation Day, also known as Juneteenth, was the day that Union General Granger informed Texas slaves that they were free. Blacks came to celebrate the day as Juneteenth Freedom Day.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, p.D3)(SFC, 6/18/04, p.B2)

1865-1875    Texas, like other Confederate states, was subjected to a federal army of occupation for a decade.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A15)

1866        Nov 1, Belle Starr [née Myra Maybelle Shirley], “Bandit Queen” and wild woman of the west, married James C. Reed (d.1874) in Collins County, Texas.
    (www.thehistorynet.com/we/blbanditqueenbellestar/)

1866        Some Texans drove a herd of longhorns 900 miles overland to Missouri. A majority of the cattle were lost.
    (ON, 4/01, p.12)

1867         cJan, Joseph G. McCoy, livestock dealer, began building a stockyard and hotel in Abilene, Ka., the westernmost point of the new railroad. He sent agents to Texas to encourage ranchers to drive their cattle up the Chisholm Trail to his holding pens.
    (ON, 4/01, p.12)

1868         Jun 1, The Texas constitutional convention met in Austin.
    (DT internet 6/1/97)

1868        Nov 24, Scott Joplin was born in Texas. By the time he was a teenager, Joplin could play the banjo and the piano, and had begun to work as a saloon musician. In the late 1890s, he was performing and composing at the Maple Leaf Club in Sedalia, Missouri, and in 1899 his "Maple Leaf Rag" made ragtime popular. Ragtime was a mixture of classical European and African-American styles of music, and it influenced the later development of jazz. Joplin was not considered a serious composer until ragtime resurfaced in the 1970s, when his composition "The Entertainer" was the theme to the movie The Sting. The first grand opera composed by an African American was Joplin's Treemonisha (1911), which was not very successful at the time. In 1976, however, more than 50 years after Joplin died, Treemonisha won the Pulitzer Prize.
    (HNPD, 11/24/98)

1868        Dec 22, John Nance Garner, (VP-D-1933-41), was born in Texas.
    (MC, 12/22/01)

1868        Over 100,000 Texas longhorn cattle came up the Chisholm Trail to the Abilene, Ka., stockyards.
    (ON, 4/01, p.12)

1869        Apr 12, The US Supreme Court in Texas v White established that secession is illegal. The case involved a claim by the Reconstruction government of Texas that United States bonds owned by Texas since 1850 had been illegally sold by the Confederate state legislature during the American Civil War.
    (Econ, 12/1/12, p.34)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas_v._White)

1870        Jan 1, In Texas Comanche Indians stole Adolph Korn (10) near the settlement of Castell on the Llano River. The boy spent 3 years with the Indians and upon his return spoke only Comanche, ate raw meat and refused to sleep indoors.
    (AH, 6/07, p.60)

1870        Mar 30, Texas was the last Confederate state readmitted to the Union.
    (AP, 3/30/97)(HN, 3/30/98)

1870        Sep 2, Samuel Augustus Maverick (b.1803), Texas lawyer, politician, land baron and signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, died. His name is the source of the term "maverick", first cited in 1867, which means independent minded. Maverick was considered independent minded by his fellow ranchers because he refused to brand his cattle.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Augustus_Maverick)

1871        Brit Johnson, a black Texas ranch foreman, was killed by Kiowa raiders. His home life had been shattered in 1864 when an Indian raiding party killed his son and captured his wife along with 2 of their other children. He reportedly ransomed back his family in 1865 and continued searching for other stolen children before he was killed. Author Alan Le May (1899-1964) later used his story as a model in his novel “The Searchers” (1954).
    (AH, 6/07, p.64)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Searchers_%28film%29)

1874        Jan 11, Gail Borden (b.1801), inventor of condensed milk, died in Borden, Tx. Epitaph: “I tried and failed, I tried again and again and succeeded.”
    (ON, 5/04, p.5)( www.famoustexans.com/GailBorden.htm)

1874        May, John Wesley Hardin gunned down Charlie Webb in Comanche, TX.
    (MesWP)

1874        Sep 28, Colonel Ronald Mackenzie raided a war camp of Comanche and Kiowa at the Battle of Palo Duro Canyon, Texas, slaughtering 2,000 of their horses.
    (HN, 9/28/98)

1874        Oct 4, Kiowa leader Santanta, known as "the Orator of the Plains," surrenders in Darlington, Texas. He was later sent to the state penitentiary, where he committed suicide October 11, 1878.
    (HN, 10/4/98)

1874        Cattleman Charles Goodnight rounded up 5 orphaned buffalo calves and set them loose on 10,000 acres in the Palo Duro Canyon of the Texas Panhandle. The herd grew to 250 animals and a number were sent to start herds elsewhere. In 1997 the herd was put under the guardianship of the state. By 2001 it was realized that inbreeding put the herd at risk of extinction. In 2005 Ted Turner agreed to provide 3 bulls from his herd in New Mexico to help the Texas herd.
    (WSJ, 8/2/05, p.A1)

1874-1875    The Gatling gun was first used against the Comanche Indians at the Battle of Red River in the Texas Panhandle.
    (SFC, 3/18/00, p.B4)

1875        The Quahadi Comanches, led by Quanah Parker, gave up their fight and settled on a reservation in Oklahoma after hunters slaughtered the great buffalo herds of the Texas panhandle.
    (Econ, 6/19/10, p.85)

1876        Jan 24, Bat Masterson had a legendary gunfight in Sweetwater, Texas. A cavalry soldier named King and a woman named Mollie Brennan were killed, Masterson was seriously wounded in the hip in a saloon.
    (MesWP)(AH, 2/06, p.14)

1876        Texas adopted a post-civil war constitution. It barred idiots, lunatics, paupers and women from voting.
    (Econ, 10/29/05, p.30)

1877        The Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association was formed to represent ranchers in Texas and Oklahoma in their fight against castle theft on the open range.
    (SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A24)

1879        Mar 19, Jim Currie opened fire on the actors Maurice Barrymore and Ben Porter near Marshall, Texas. His shots wounded Barrymore and kill Porter.
    (HN, 3/19/99)

1879        Texas passed legislation that made gay and lesbian activity a crime. The law was modified in 1993 to make homosexual sex a misdemeanor with a fine up to $500.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, p.A6)(SFC, 11/7/98, p.A7)

1880s        Although invented in Waco, Texas in the 1880s, Dr Pepper first received national exposure at the 1904 St. Louis World‘s Fair.
    (HNQ, 10/25/00)

1882        Jul 10, Ima Hogg, Texas art patron, founder of Houston Symphony, was born.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1882        John Armstrong III, a Texas Ranger, settled a ranch south of Corpus Christi. He bought the beginnings of the Armstrong Ranch with the $4,000 bounty he received for capturing outlaw John Wesley Hardin. The ranch, which expanded to 50,000 acres, is near the King Ranch, settled by the Kleberg family.
    (SFC, 2/13/06, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/dhd84)

1884        The Lone Star Brewery opened on the banks of the San Antonio River. The structure was used as a cotton mill in the 1920s and in 1981 was renovated as the San Antonio Museum of Art.
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, p.T11)

1885        Mar 30, Texas was the last Confederate state readmitted to the Union.
    (HN, 3/30/01)

1885        In Texas George Bannerman Dealey founded the Dallas News at the behest of Col. A.H. Belo.
    (SFC, 2/20/07, p.B4)

1885        America's 1st recorded serial murders took place in Austin, Texas.
    (SFCM, 10/11/03, p.34)

1886        In Galveston the Millie Walters House was built. It was the last of the famous Postoffice St. bordellos.
    (HT, 5/97, p.62)

1886        Texas was hit by 4 hurricanes.
    (SSFC, 9/26/04, p.A1)

1886        The Baptist General Convention, a state umbrella group for Baptist churches, was founded.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.A14)

1889        Feb 17, H[aroldson] L. Hunt, Texas oil multi-millionaire, was born.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1890        Oct 14, Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th president of the United States, was born in Denison, Texas.
    (AP, 10/14/97)(HN, 10/14/98)

1890        In Galveston the Isaac Heffron home was built.
    (HT, 5/97, p.62)

1891        Sep 3, Cotton pickers organized a union & strike in Texas.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1891        The 1st Battle of Flowers Parade was held in San Antonio.
    (SSFC, 4/8/01, p.T8)

1892        In Fort Worth, Texas, 20 women founded the state’s 1st art museum with $50,000 from Andrew Carnegie.
    (WSJ, 12/17/02, p.D8)

1894        The Grand Opera House was built in Galveston, Texas, with no seat more than 70 feet from the stage.
    (SSFC, 11/6/05, p.F5)

c1895        In Galveston the Louis Marx home was built.
    (HT, 5/97, p.62)

1896        May 15, A tornado killed 78 in Texas.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1899        Dec 22, Wiley Post, aviation pioneer, was born in Texas.
    (MC, 12/22/01)

1900        Sep 8, Some 6,000-8,000 people were killed in Galveston by flying debris, collapsing buildings and drowning. The storm let up around midnight, leaving in its wake $30 million in damage and thousands of bodies. Many of the dead had to be hastily dumped in the ocean for fear of spreading disease. Bishop's Palace in Galveston, Texas, remained standing amid piles of rubble after the island city suffered the greatest natural disaster in U.S. history. By nightfall, winds reached 125 mph and the city was under 15 feet of water. The storm battered Galveston for 18 hours and some 3,600 buildings were destroyed. Reports of the storm failed to reach Galveston because the US Weather Service had temporarily banned the cable transmission of Cuban weather reports. In 1999 Erik Larson published "Isaac's Storm."
    (AP, 9/8/97)(HNPD, 9/8/98)(SFC, 11/30/98, p.A2)(WSJ, 9/3/99, p.W8)(SFC, 9/22/05, p.A17)

1900        In Texas the Goodall Wooten mansion was built in Austin. It was transformed into a hotel in 2003.
    (SSFC, 9/8/13, p.N3)
1900        The Dallas Symphony Orchestra was founded.
    (WSJ, 2/4/99, p.A20)

1900        Robert LeRoy Parker and Harry Alonzo Longabaugh (aka Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid) and their Wild Bunch went to Fort Worth after their last holdup of the First National Bank at Winnemucca, Nevada. They posed for pictures at John Swartz’s photo studio.
    (HT, 4/97, p.45)(SFC, 1/19/98, p.A10)

1901        Jan 10, In Corsicana the Lucas Gusher flowing at the rate of 80,000 to 100,000 barrels per day, blew in. Pattillo Higgins, a self-taught geologist, became interested in Spindletop Hill, just south of Beaumont, Texas in 1889. Believing that Spindletop covered a vast pool of oil, Higgins joined two other men in 1892 to form the Gladys City Oil, Gas, and Manufacturing Company--one of the first oil companies in Texas. Higgins, lacking proper drilling equipment, failed in his efforts, and the Gladys City Company leased land to a team led by Austrian mining engineer Captain Anthony Lucas in 1899. By 1902, 285 wells were operating on Spindletop Hill and over 600 oil companies had been chartered, but overproduction ruined the field. By 1903 the boom was over and within 10 years Spindletop Hill was practically a ghost town. Spindletop enjoyed a resurgence in 1926 when technology made possible the recovery of more oil through deeper drilling.
    (HNPD, 1/10/99)(WSJ, 6/29/99, p.A12)

1901        Oct 24, Anna Edson Taylor, a 43-year-old widow, was the first woman to go safely over Niagara Falls in a barrel. She made the attempt for the cash award offered, which she put toward the loan on her Texas ranch.
    (AP, 10/24/97)(HN, 10/24/98)

1902        Apr 7, The Texas Fuel Co. was founded. It soon changed its name to the Texas Co. and eventually became Texaco.
    (SFC, 10/20/04, p.C6)

1902        In Pittsburg, Texas, Rev. Burrell Cannon (d.1922), itinerant Baptist minister and inventor, built his Ezekial Airship and reportedly flew it for a short distance at a 12 foot altitude. The craft was destroyed on a rail car while enroute to the St. Louis World Fair.
    (WSJ, 11/20/02, p.A1)

1905        Virgil Earp died of pneumonia in Goldfield, Nevada.
    (MesWP)

1906        Aug 13, At Fort Brown, Texas, some 10-20 armed men engaged an all-Black Army unit in a shooting rampage that left one townsperson dead and a police officer wounded. A 1910 inquiry placed guilt on the soldiers and Pres. Roosevelt ordered all 167 discharged without honor. In 1970 John Weaver (d.2002) authored "The Brownsville Raid," an account of the incident that led the Army to exonerate all 167 men.
    (SFC, 12/7/02, p.A25)

1907        Sep 10, Herbert Marcus Sr., his sister Carrie Marcus Nieman, and her husband A.I. Nieman opened the retail firm Neiman Marcus in Dallas, Texas. By 2002 the firm had 32 US stores.
    (SSFC, 9/9/07, p.G3)(AP, 9/10/07)

1907        Sep 29, Gene Autry (d.1998), singing cowboy and baseball executive, was born in Tioga, Texas.
    (SFC, 10/3/98, p.A14)(AP, 9/29/07)

1908        Aug 27, Lyndon B. Johnson, the 36th president of the United States (1963-1969), was born near Stonewall, Texas.
    (AP, 8/27/97)(HN, 8/27/98)

1909        Apr, The Texas Sugar Land prison facility began operations. It was basically a plantation owned by Imperial Sugar which leased inmate workers from the state. The prison shut down in 2011 saving the state about $12.4 million in annual costs.
    (SFC, 9/1/11, p.A11)(http://offthekuff.com/wp/?p=39004)

1909        May 14, Texan Samuel Franklin Cody became the first to make a powered airplane flight beyond one mile in the United Kingdom. Cody, no relation to William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody, used his name and talents to create his own "Wild West" show that toured Europe. Despite the fact he could read nor write, Cody designed a series of kites, including a huge man-lifting version that could be used for battle reconnaissance. Cody built a large biplane for the British army, which he flew beyond a mile on May 14, 1909. His second flight of the day crashed. Cody died in 1913 when another of his planes broke apart in midair.
    (HNQ, 3/12/99)

1909        The Texas Sugar Land prison facility began operations. It shut down in 2011 saving the state about $12.4 million in annual costs.
    (SFC, 9/1/11, p.A11)

1911        Jan 24, U.S. Cavalry was sent to preserve the neutrality of the Rio Grande during the Mexican Civil War.
    (HN, 1/24/99)

1911        Jul 28, Ann Doran, actress (Longstreet, Shirley), was born in Amarillo, Tx.
    (SC, 7/28/02)

1911        The 226-room Hotel Galvez was built in Galveston, Texas.
    (SSFC, 11/6/05, p.F5)

1912        Aug 13, Ben Hogan, PGA golfer (US Open 1950, 51, 53), was born in Dublin, Tx.
    (MC, 8/13/02)

1912        Dot Babb authored “In the Bosom of the Comanchos,” an account of his and his sister’s life as captive children among the Comanches.
    (AH, 6/07, p.64)

1914        Jun 26, Babe (Mildred) Didrikson Zaharias (International Women's Sports Hall of Famer, Olympic Hall of Famer, World Golf Hall of Famer, LPGA Hall of Famer, National Track and Field Hall of Famer), was born in Port Arthur, Texas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babe_Zaharias)

1914-1919    The Texas Rangers killed some 5,000 Hispanics over this period.
    (SFC, 4/12/04, p.E8)

1915        Aug 16, A hurricane hit Galveston, Texas. It caused 12 deaths and an estimated $5-8 million in property damage in the city.
    (http://www.gthcenter.org/exhibits/storms/1915/)

1915        Sep 22, Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas, held its 1st class.
    (MC, 9/22/01)

1915-1916    A number of skirmishes took place between the Texas Rangers and Mexican Americans rebelling under the "Plan de San Diego" and numerous people were killed. Participants included the anarchist Magon brothers, and rebel leader Aniceto Pizana. In 2003 Benjamin Heber Johnson authored "Revolution in Texas: How a Forgotten Revolution and Its Bloody suppression Turned Mexicans into Americans."
    (SSFC, 1/4/04, p.M3)

1915-1917    James Ferguson served as governor of Texas until he was impeached for fiscal irregularities. In 1924 his wife was elected governor.
    (WSJ, 8/5/05, p.W2)

1916        Aug 28, C. Wright Mills (d.1962), sociologist, writer (The Power Elite), was born in Waco, Texas.
    (Google)

1916        Trammell Crow was born. He later established one of the world's largest real estate companies and amassed a collection of Asian art which he placed in a pavilion behind the Trammell Crow Center in Dallas.
    (WSJ, 2/12/99, p.W9)

1917        Feb 27, John Connally, Texas Governor, wounded in the assassination of President John Kennedy, was born.
    (HN, 2/27/98)

1917        Dec 29, Tom Bradley, future mayor of Los Angeles, was born on a cotton plantation in Calvert, Texas.
    (SFC, 9/30/98, p.A13)

1918        Sep 3, Five soldiers were hanged for alleged participation in the Houston riot of 1917.
    (MC, 9/3/01)

1918        In Texas C.N. Williamson and E.E. Dickies established the U.S. Overall Co. It was later renamed Williamson-Dickie and then came to be known as Dickies.
    (SSFC, 8/20/06, p.M4)

1919        Texas Rep. Jose T. Canales pushed through legislation to reform the Texas Rangers following reports that the Rangers had killed some 5,000 Hispanics over the previous 5 years.
    (SFC, 4/12/04, p.E8)

1920        Aug 22, Denton Cooley, heart surgeon (1st artificial heart implant), was born in Houston.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1920        The Cowtown Coliseum in Fort Worth, Texas, hosted the world's 1st indoor rodeo.
    (SSFC, 8/3/03, p.C4)

1920s        The Newton Boys were 4 brothers from rural Texas who became bank robbers in the early 1920s. They held up over 80 banks. The 1998 film "The Newton Boys" was based on their true story.
    (SFEC, 3/22/98, DB p.10)(SFC, 3/23/98, p.E2)(WSJ, 3/31/98, p.A20)

1921        Aug 19, Gene Roddenberry, television writer and producer, best known for the series "Star Trek," was born in El Paso, Texas.
    (HN, 8/19/98)(MC, 8/19/02)

1921        Nov 14, The Cherokee Indians asked the U.S. Supreme Court to review their claim to 1 million acres of land in Texas.
    (HN, 11/14/98)

1921        The "Texas Pig Stand," the 1st drive-in car-service restaurant, was opened on the Dallas-Ft. worth Highway by G. Kirby and R.W. Jackson.
    (SFC, 8/12/00, p.B3)

1923        Apr 12, Ann Miller, [Lucille Ann Collier], dancer (On the Town), was born in Cherino, Tex.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1923        Tula Elise Finklea, later known as actress and dancer Cyd Charisse, was born in Amarillo.
    (SFC, 12/28/99, p.C4)

1924        Jun 20, Audie Murphy was born in Kingston, Tx. He became the most decorated American soldier of World War II who went on to make movies and write a book about his war experiences called "To Hell and Back."
    (HN, 6/20/98)(MC, 6/20/02)

1924        Nov 4, Miriam Ferguson was elected governor in Texas. She began office Jan 20, 1925, as the nation’s 2nd woman governor, 15 days after Nellie T. Ross in Wyoming.
    (http://wyoarchives.state.wy.us/articles/rossbio.htm)

1924        M.B. Zale and his brother William founded a jewelry business in Wichita Falls, Texas. The Zale family cashed out of Zale Corp. in the 1980s.
    (WSJ, 6/26/06, p.A1)

1925        Oct 16, The Texas School Board prohibited the teaching of evolution.
    (MC, 10/16/01)

1927        Mar 7, A Texas law that banned Negroes from voting was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
    (HN, 3/7/98)

1927        Herman Lehmann authored “Nine Years Among the Indians, 1870-1879: The Story of the Captivity and Life of a Texan Among the Indians.” He had been captured as a boy and spent 6 years among the Apaches.
    (AH, 6/07, p.64)
1927        Clinton and Jeff Smith authored “The Boy Captives: being the true story of the experiences and hardships of Clinton L. Smith and Jeff D. Smith.”
    (AH, 6/07, p.64)(www.worldcat.org/isbn/082401734X)

1928        Aug 29, Thomas Stewart, baritone (La Roche Capriccio), was born in San Saba, Texas.
    (MC, 8/29/01)

1929        Aug 12, Buck Owens, country singer (Hee Haw), was born in Sherman, Texas.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1929        Dec 21, The 1st US group hospital insurance plan was offered in Dallas, Tx.
    (MC, 12/21/01)

1930        Mar 19, Ornette Coleman was born in Fort Worth Texas and was an early proponent of ‘free form jazz.‘ Having taught himself to play the saxophone and read music by age 14, Coleman moved to Los Angeles and met like-minded musicians in the early ‘50s. His debut album in 1959, Something Else! introduced his atonal interpretation of jazz, one free of traditional tonal structure, which he terms ‘harmolodic.‘ Many listeners and critics have termed it ‘anarchy.‘ Coleman has continued to be an influential if controversial figure in jazz, now producing albums under his own label (Harmolodic, Inc.) as well as soundtracks for films.
    (HNQ, 10/19/00)

1930        Mar 26, Sandra Day O'Connor, first woman US Supreme Court Justice (1981- ), was born in El Paso TX.
    (HN, 3/26/01)(SS, 3/26/02)

1930        May 13, A farmer was killed in a hailstorm near Lubbock, Texas. His death became the only US death officially attributed to hail.
    (SFC, 5/13/09, p.D8)

1931        Feb 6, Rip Torn, actor (Coma, Summer Rental, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof), was born in Tx.
    (MC, 2/6/02)

1931        Oct 31, Dan Rather, news anchor (CBS Evening News, 60 Minutes), was born in Wharton Texas.
    (MC, 10/31/01)

1931        George Glenn Jones, country singer, was born in Saratoga.
    (WSJ, 1/17/02, p.A12)

1932        Jul 30, The Summer Olympic Games opened in Los Angeles. The US won 41 gold medals, Italy was 2nd with less than a third of that. Bill Miller of Stanford won a gold medal in the pole vault when he cleared 14'-1 ¾". Later in the year he set a world record at 14'-1 7/8". Babe Didriksen (21) of Texas won 2 track gold medals and a silver. Track events in this summer’s Olympics were timed with manual stopwatches.
    (SFC, 7/14/96, Par p.4)(AP, 7/30/97)(NG, 8/04, Geographica)(WSJ, 8/23/04, p.C3)

1932        Nov, Miriam Ferguson was elected governor in Texas for a 2nd time.
    (www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/FF/ffe6.html)

1932        Elmer Doolin of Texas gave a border cook $100 for a corn chip recipe that grew to become Fritos.
    (SFEC, 1/17/99, Z1 p.1)

1933        Apr 26, Carol Burnett, comedian, actress (Annie, 4 Seasons), was born in San Antonio, Tx.
    (MC, 4/26/02)

1933        Sep 1, Ann Richards, Gov-Tx., was born.
    (SC, 9/1/02)

1934        Mar 5, Mother-in-law's day was 1st celebrated in Amarillo, Tx.
    (MC, 3/5/02)

1934        Apr 1, Two Texas Highway Patrol officers, E.B. Wheeler (26) and H.D. Murphy (24), were killed by Henry Methvin, a gang member of Bonnie and Clyde, as they approached the gang’s car near Grapevine, Texas.
    (ON, 7/02, p.2)(SFC, 8/13/96, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/26/08, p.A13)

1934        May 13, A great dustbowl storm occurred. [see Apr 14, 1935]
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)

1934        Apr 18, The 1st laundromat, called a "Washateria," opened in Fort Worth, Tx.
    (AP, 4/18/07)

1934        May 23, Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were shot some 4 dozen times early in the morning in a police ambush by Texas Rangers as they were driving a stolen Ford Deluxe along a road in Bienville Parish, near Sailes, La. This ended the most spectacular manhunt seen in America up to that time. The pair had spent the previous 2 years killing and robbing banks in the Midwest. Bonnie Parker was 19 and Clyde Barrow was 21 when they met in Dallas in 1930. By the time the Barrow gang's crime spree ended four years later, Bonnie, Clyde, Clyde's brother Buck and Buck's wife had terrorized the Southwest and Midwest and were believed to have committed 13 murders. In 1997 Clyde’s bullet-ridden shirt was auctioned off to a Nevada casino for $85,000. His largest theft was estimated at $4,000. In 1979 Ted Hinton and Larry Grove authored "Ambush: The Real Story of Bonnie and Clyde."
    (SFC, 4/3/97, p.A13)(SFC, 4/15/97, p.A13)(AP, 5/23/97)(HNPD, 5/29/99)(HN, 5/23/02)(ON, 7/02, p.3)

1934        Nov 17, Lyndon Baines Johnson married Claudia Alta Taylor, better known as "Lady Bird," in San Antonio, Texas.
    (AP, 11/17/07)

1935        Apr 14, A major sandstorm, dubbed “The Black Blizzard,” ravaged the US Midwest. The Black Sunday was the worst day of the almost decade long Dust Bowl era. It ravaged Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas. In 2005 Timothy Egan authored “The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl.”
    (SSFC, 1/8/06, p.M1)(www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/depression/dustbowl.htm)(Sm, 3/06, p.111)

1936        Feb 28, Samuel Maverick Jr. (99), San Antonio banker, died. During the Civil War he served in Terry's Texas Rangers, a Confederate regiment, He was the last surviving member of that organization. His father was the Texas pioneer Samuel A. Maverick
    (http://tinyurl.com/5jgmr2)

1936        Apr 23, Roy Orbison, rocker (Pretty Woman), was born in Vernon, Tx.
    (MC, 4/23/02)

1936        Aug 12, 120° F (49° C), Seymour, Texas (state record).
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1936        Sep 7, Rock legend Buddy Holly (d. Feb 3, 1959) was born Charles Hardin Holley in Lubbock, Texas. His hit songs included "That'll Be the Day," "Oh Boy" and "Maybe Baby."
    (AP, 9/7/97)(WSJ, 2/25/99, p.A16)

1936        The Texas Co. joined Standard Oil in Saudi Arabia. The joint venture eventually became the Saudi oil giant Aramco.
    (SFC, 10/20/04, p.C6)

1937        Feb 25, Bob Schieffer, newscaster (CBS Weekend News), was born in Austin, Tx.
    (MC, 2/25/02)

1937        Mar 18, Some 300 people, mostly children, were killed in a gas explosion at a school in New London, Texas.
    (AP, 3/18/08)

1937        Jun 15, Waylon Jennings (d.2002), country singer, was born in Littlefield, Texas, where his father worked on a cotton farm.
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.A2)

1937        Jun 27, Robert Johnson, blues guitarist, recorded "Traveling Riverside Blues and 10 other songs in Dallas for the American Record Corp. He also "Come On in My Kitchen."
    (SFC, 7/25/97, p.D5)(BS, 5/3/98, p.7E)

1938        Aug 21, Kenny Rogers, singer, was born in Houston.
    (SSFC, 5/20/01, Par p.22)

1938        Aug 24, Mason Williams, composer (Classical Gas), writer (Smother Brothers Hour), was born in Abilene, Tx.
    (MC, 8/24/02)

1938        Nov 24, Mexico seized oil land adjacent to Texas.
    (HN, 11/24/98)

1938        Gilbert Kerlin of New York began buy the 61,000 acres of Padre Island along with the ribbon of water separating it from land from the Mexican¬-American Ballis family. A share of the mineral rights were assigned to the Ballis family, but never paid. In 2000 a judge ruled that 1.1 million in royalties was owed along with penalties for malice and fraud.
    (SFC, 8/3/00, p.A3)

1939        Feb 28, Tommy Tune, dancer, choreographer (Boyfriend), was born in Wichita Falls, Tx.
    (MC, 2/28/02)

1939        Apr 21, In Texas the new San Jacinto Monument was dedicated following 3 years of construction. It stood over 14 feet taller than the Washington Monument. The monument is topped with a 220-ton star that commemorates the site of the Battle of San Jacinto, the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Jacinto_Monument)(AH, 2/03, p.24)

1939        The Carter Family left Virginia and went to Texas to pioneer border radio broadcasts.
    (SSFC, 8/4/02, p.M3)
1939        In Texas Buchanan Dam was completed. Lake Buchanon was formed by the construction of the dam by the Lower Colorado River Authority to provide a water supply for the region and to provide hydroelectric power. The lake covered the tiny town of Bluffton.
    (AP, 11/21/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Buchanan_%28Texas%29)

1940        Mar 14, A truck full of migrant workers collided with a train outside McAllen, Texas. 27 people were killed and 15 injured.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1940        Dec 19, Phil Ochs, anti-war folk singer (Joe Hill, War is Over), was born in El Paso, Tx.
    (MC, 12/19/01)

1940s        In the late 1940s Gordon L. Harwell and a partner started Uncle Ben’s Inc. under the name Converted Rice. The namesake was a Texas rice grower who lived near Houston many years ago.
    (BS, 5/3/98, p.6F)

1941        Dec, Cecil Green (d.2003 at 102), Eugene McDermott, J. Eric Jonsson and H. Bates Peacock purchased Geophysical Service Inc. in Dallas, Texas. In 1951 the name was changed to Texas Instruments.
    (SFC, 4/17/03, p.A22)

1942        Apr 15, Kenneth Lay, the son of a Baptist minister, was born. He grew up in Rush, Missouri, and in 1986 became the CEO of Texas-based Enron Corp.
    (SSFC, 2/3/02, p.A19)

1942        Lake Jackson, south of Houston, was founded as a bedroom community for a new Dow Chemical Plant. Architect Alden Dow dedicated all the streets after plants named all roads that lead downtown as ways. One corner thus came to be the intersection of This Way and That Way.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.A1)

1943        Sep 7, Fire in a decrepit old Gulf Hotel killed 45 in Houston, Texas.
    (MC, 9/7/01)

1943        Lady Bird Johnson purchased KTBC, a low-powered radio station in Texas. The Federal Communications Commission, which reviewed all broadcast-license transfers, was close to being abolished. Lyndon Johnson used his political influence in both Congress and the White House to prevent that from happening. In 1945 the FCC OK'd KTBC's request to quintuple its power, which cast its signal over 63 counties.
    (Econ, 7/21/07, p.85)(www.slate.com/id/2170481/nav/navoa/)

1943-1945    Some 4,800 soldiers of Germany’s Afrika Corps were held in a POW camp near Hearne, Texas.
    (AM, May/Jun 97 p.28)

1944        Mar 30, Gobbledygook was coined by US Rep. Maury Maverick, a Texas Democrat, in a memo banning "gobbledygook language" at the Smaller War Plants Corporation. It was a reaction to his frustration with the "convoluted language of bureaucrats." However, the first time the new word was seen by the average person was on May 21, 1944. That day, he wrote a long article for the New York Times magazine, explaining how he invented the word, and giving readers many examples of how the new word could be used.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobbledygook)(NYT, 5/21/1944, p.SM11)

1944        Aug 15, Linda Ellerbee, newscaster (Weekend, NBC Overnight), was born in Bryan, Texas.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1944        Oct 31, Kinky Friedman, country rocker (Ride 'em Jewboy), was born in Palestine, Tx.
    (MC, 10/31/01)

1946        Sep 15, Tommy Lee Jones, actor (Executioner's Song, Bloody Monday, Fugitive), was born in San Saba, Texas.
    (www.britannica.com)

1946        The Balcones Research Center was established in Austin, Texas. It carried out government-supported defense and electronics research. Tracor, a big defense firm, grew out of this and itself spun off some 20 technology related firms, which established Austin as a high-tech business cluster.
    (Econ, 10/14/06, p.17)
1946        John Baugh (1916-2007) and his wife Eula Mae launched Zero Foods to deliver frozen food to businesses in Houston. In 1970 Baugh persuaded eight similar firms to merge with his to form Systems Services Company (SYSCO).
    (Econ, 12/14/13, p.74)

1947        Apr 9, A series of tornadoes struck Kansas, West Texas and Oklahoma. 181 were killed and some 1,300 injured. The Woodward tornado ranked as the deadliest ever to hit Oklahoma.
    (AP, 4/9/08)(AH, 4/07, p.55)

1947        Apr 16, The French ship Grandcamp, carrying ammonium nitrate fertilizer, caught fire and blew up, devastating Texas City, Texas. It was America's worst harbor explosion. Another ship, the Highflyer, exploded the following day. The final death toll was 576, and more than 3,000 Texas City residents were left homeless. Property damage ran into the millions.
    (SFC, 5/4/96, p.E-4)(AP, 4/16/97)(HNPD, 4/17/00)

1948        Lyndon Johnson‘s nickname "Landslide Lyndon" was coined because of his slim victory in the 1948 primary election for the senate. While Johnson finished second in the first round of the Texas Democratic primary of 1948, a runoff election was required. In the runoff election, Johnson won the majority of the more than 1 million ballots cast by a mere 87 votes, thus earning him the ironical nickname "Landslide Lyndon." Although the vote was contested, Johnson was awarded the victory and went on to win election to the U.S. Senate. Johnson was reelected to the senate twice and became Vice President under John Kennedy in 1961. Upon the assassination of Kennedy in 1963, Johnson became President. In the 1964 presidential election, Johnson defeated Barry Goldwater in a true landslide, garnering 43 million popular votes to Goldwater‘s 27 million. Johnson did not seek reelection in 1968.
    (HNQ, 4/27/00)

1949        Dec 25, Sissy Spacek, (Carrie, Badlands, Coal Miner's Daughter), was born in Quitman, Tx.
    (MC, 12/25/01)

1949        The interracial drama film "Pinky" starred Jeanne Crain and Bert Conway (d.2002 at 87). It was directed by Elia Kazan. It was banned in Marshall, Texas, but the censoring ordnance was declared unconstitutional by the US Supreme Court.
    (SFEC, 3/14/99, p.D5)(SFC, 2/18/02, p.B6)(SFC, 12/15/03, p.A24)

1949        R.D. Hull, a Texas watchmaker, invented the spin-cast reel for fishing and got the Zero Hour Bomb Co. in Tulsa to manufacture it. The company soon changed its name to Zebco.
    (WSJ, 9/9/99, p.A25)

1949        The last US case of smallpox was reported in Texas.
    (SFC, 10/19/01, p.A17)

1950        Feb 3, Morgan Fairchild, [Patsy McClenny], actress (Falcon Crest),  born in Dallas, Tx.
    (en.wikipedia org/wiki/Morgan_Fairchild))

1950        Elizabeth Taylor spent her first honeymoon with Nicky Hilton in his El Paso, Texas, downtown hotel.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.39)

1951        Jan 16, World's largest gas pipeline opened from Brownsville Tx, to 134th St, NYC.
    (MC, 1/16/02)

1953        May 11, An F5 tornado hit downtown Waco, Texas, killing 114 people with 597 injured. Damages were estimated at $200 million.
    (SSFC, 5/11/03, Par p.11)(SFC, 5/11/09, p.D8)

1953        May 25, 1st non-commercial educational television station began in Houston, TX.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1953        May 29, Rick Henderson, singer (Mason Dixon-Karen Comes Around), was born in Beaumont, TX.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1954        Apr 9, Dennis Quaid, actor (Big Easy, Dreamscape, Right Stuff), was born in Houston, TX.
    (MC, 4/9/02)

1954        On the US-Mexican border the 100,000 acre Falcon Lake, near Zapata, Texas, was created on the Rio Grande's old river bed. It was managed by the bi-national International Water Boundary Commission.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/csm/20101001/ts_csm/329598)
1954        In Houston John Staub designed a home for Harris and Carroll Masterson. It was bequeathed to the Houston Museum of Fine Arts in 1991 and named after Mr. Masterson's grandfather, Rienzi Melville Johnston, who was editor and publisher of the Houston Post as well as a US senator.
    (SFC, 3/22/99, p.A20)

1955        Sep 17, A US Convair B-36 bomber took off from Carswell AFB, Texas, becoming the first aircraft in the world to fly with a nuclear reactor. Over the next 2 years the Convair Crusader made 47 flights.
    (AH, 2/03, p.51)

1956        Mar 8, On the 2nd day of a 3-day regional conference of the Southern District Division of Production, American Petroleum Institute, in San Antonio, Texas, M. King Hubbert, a Shell geologist, predicted that US oil production for the 48 states would peak (i.e., reach a maximum annual extraction rate) in 1965 if the nation ultimately produced 150 billion barrels, and in 1970 if the nation ultimately produced 200 billion barrels. 1970 turned out to be the peak year, both for the 48 states and for the 50 states including Alaska.
    (SSFC, 3/21/04, p.J3)

1956        Jul 2, Jerry Hall, model, Mrs. Mick Jagger, was born in Mesquite, Tx.
    (SC, 7/2/02)

1956        Aug 30, A white mob prevented the enrollment of blacks at Mansfield HS, Texas.
    (MC, 8/30/01)

1956        Sep 27, Mildred E "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias (b.1911), track and field gold medalist  (1932) and Hall of Fame golfer, died in Galveston, Texas. Six years earlier the Associated Press had named her the Greatest Female Athlete of the First Half of the 20th Century.
    (http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/siforwomen/top_100/2/)(AP, 9/27/06)

1956        Dec 31, In Dallas 12-year-old Jeannett Mangan was slain on Goat Hill bluff. Ernesto Lopez (19) and Simon Rodriguez (16) were later convicted of the rape and murder. In 1962 both men escaped from prison. Rodriguez was captured but Lopez remained at large until he was captured in 1997.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.A8)

1957        Jun 26, Hurricane Audrey hit Louisiana earlier than expected. It left at least 390 people dead with 192 missing in Louisiana and Texas.
    (SFC, 6/26/09, p.D10)

1957        Jun 27, More than 500 people were killed after Hurricane Audrey slammed through coastal Louisiana and Texas.
    (AP, 6/27/97)

1957        Canyon Dam, 30 miles NE of San Antonio, Tx., was completed.
    (SFC, 7/5/02, p.A4)

1958        Jul 24, Jack Kilby (1923-2005) of Texas Instruments came up with the idea for creating the 1st integrated circuit on a piece of silicon. By September 12 he made a working prototype.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A6)(SFC, 6/22/05, p.A5)(Econ, 7/25/05, p.75)

1958        A rattlesnake roundup began in Seetwater, Texas, for ranchers concerned about rattlesnakes biting their cattle. It grew to become the world’s largest such event.
    (Econ, 3/21/09, p.36)

1959        Dec 19, Walter Williams (117), officially recognized as the last survivor of the 4 million who fought in the Civil War, died in Houston. He served as forage master for a Confederate cavalry company. The last survivor of the Union Army was Albert Woolson. He died on August 2, 1956 at the age of 109.
    (HN, 12/19/98)(www.chipublib.org/008subject/005genref/faqvet.html)

1960        The Dallas Cowboys football team was formed with Tom Landry as head coach.
    (WSJ, 2/16/00, p.A26)

1961        Apr 16, Selena, Latina singer (Grammy-1994), was born in Texas.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1961        Jul 23, Woody Harrelson, actor (Woody Boyd-Cheers), was born in Midland, Tx.
    (MC, 7/23/02)

1961        Nov 3, New Braunfels, Texas, began hosting its Wurstfest, an annual sausage festival, to drum up business for local merchants. The festival was set to always begin on the Friday before the first Monday in November. By 2007 the 1 day festival had expanded to 10 days with well over 100,000 visitors.
    (SSFC, 10/7/07, p.D8)

1961        The 1st Six Flags park opened in Texas. By 2004 there were 31 in the US and Europe with 39,500 seasonal employees.
    (WSJ, 8/31/04, p.B1)

1962        The 1st Van Cliburn Int’l. Piano Competition was held in Fort Worth, Texas.
    (http://www.cliburn.org/page/117)

1963        May 29, Lisa Whelchel, actress (Blair-Facts of Life, Mickey Mouse Club), was born in Fort Worth, TX.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1963        Oct 25, Anti-Kennedy "WANTED FOR TREASON" pamphlets scattered in Dallas.
    (MC, 10/25/01)

1963        Nov 21, President Kennedy and his wife, Jacqueline, began a two-day tour of Texas.
    (AP, 11/22/03)

1963        Nov 22, John F. Kennedy, the 35th president of the United States, had been in office two years, 10 months and two days, when an assassin's bullet ended his life in Dallas, Texas. Kennedy, on a pre-campaign trip to supposedly hostile Texas, had been greeted warmly by enthusiastic crowds at every stop. Upon their arrival in Dallas, President and Mrs. Kennedy, accompanied by Texas Governor John Connolly and his wife, were driven slowly through the downtown streets on their way to a scheduled speech at the Dallas Trade Mart. At 12:30 p.m., as the open limousine traveled through Dealey Plaza past the Texas School Book Depository, Kennedy was shot. Within the hour, Kennedy was pronounced dead at Parkland Hospital and by 2 p.m., Dallas police had arrested Lee Harvey Oswald as the suspected assassin. At 2:38 p.m. Vice-President Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as the 36th President of the United States.
    (HNPD, 11/22/98)
1963        Nov 22, Two amateur films recorded the assassination of Pres. Kennedy. A 24 ½ sec. video by Orville Nix Sr. and Abraham Zapruder, a dress manufacturer, captured the assassination on video tape. In 1981 David Lifton published "Best Evidence," on the medical evidence of the assassination. In 1993 Gerald Posner published "Case Closed," a book on the Warren Commission report. In 1998 new testimony was released that a 2nd set of pictures was taken at the autopsy that were never made public. In 2007 David Talbot authored “Brothers: The Hidden History of the Kennedy Years.”
    (SFC, 8/1/98, p.A5)(SFC, 10/25/98, p.D5)(SFC, 11/23/00, p.A11)(SSFC, 5/13/07, p.M1)
1963        Nov 22, Dr. Charles Andrew Crenshaw, a 3rd year surgical intern at Dallas’ Parkland Memorial, tended Kennedy and placed him into a coffin. In 1992 Crenshaw (d.2001) authored "JFK: Conspiracy of Silence" and insisted that Kennedy had 4 gunshot wounds, including one from the front and that the neck wound had been tampered to look like an exit wound.
    (SFC, 11/21/01, p.A25)

1963        Nov 22, John F. Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald while riding in a motorcade in Dallas. Texas Gov. John B. Connally was seriously wounded. Oswald was in turn shot in front of TV cameras by Jack Ruby. Rufus Youngblood (1924-1996), a Secret Service agent, shielded VP Johnson from possible gunshots with his body. Johnson rewarded him by promoting him over time to the No. 2 position in the Secret Service. Ruby used a .38 Colt Cobra purchased at Ray’s Hardware and Sporting Goods in Dallas run by Lawrence Brantley (1921-1996). From the address that President Kennedy never got to deliver in Dallas: "If we are strong, our strength will speak for itself. If we are weak, words will be no help."
    (TMC, 1994, p.1963)(AHD, p. 931)(SFC, 10/4/96, p.B2)(SFC, 10/17/96, C2) (AP, 11/22/97)

1963        Nov 22, Dallas police officer J.D. Tippit was slain by Lee Harvey Oswald 45 minutes after Pres. Kennedy was shot when he called Oswald over for questioning. Oswald was arrested inside the Texas Theater, 321 W. Jefferson Blvd., just before 2pm. 
    (SFC, 8/1/98, p.A5)(SFC, 10/25/98, p.D5)(SSFC, 11/17/13, p.M5)

1963        Nov 24, Jack Ruby shot and mortally wounded Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President Kennedy in front of TV cameras in the garage of the Dallas Police Department. Ruby used a .38 Colt Cobra purchased at Ray’s Hardware and Sporting Goods in Dallas run by Lawrence Brantley (1921-1996). Sometime earlier Oswald had made an attempt to murder right-wing Gen’l. Edwin A. Walker. In 2002 Thomas Mallon authored "Mrs. Paine’s Garage and the Murder of John F. Kennedy."
    (SFC, 10/17/96, C2)(AP, 11/24/97)(HN, 11/24/00)(WSJ, 1/18/02, p.W8)

1963        Billie Sol Estes (b.1925)), Texas swindler, was convicted on federal charges. He served 6 years of a 15 year sentence. In 1979 he was convicted of tax fraud and served 4 more years.
    (SFC, 5/16/13, p.D5)

1964        Jan 10, The US Post Office released a new stamp showing Texas pioneer Sam Houston with a rifle. Its initial Dec 13 release was withheld due to the assassination of Pres. Kennedy.
    (SSFC, 12/15/13, p.42)

1964        Dec 13, In El Paso, Texas, President Johnson and Mexican President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz set off an explosion that diverted the Rio Grande, reshaping the U.S.-Mexican border and ending a century-old dispute.
    (AP, 12/13/04)

1964        Harrel G. Tillman Sr. (d.1998 at 73) was appointed a municipal court judge in Houston, the first black judge in the state.
    (SFC, 6/23/98, p.A16)

1965        Apr 9, The newly built Houston Astrodome featured its first baseball game, an exhibition between the Astros and the New York Yankees. Mickey Mantle hit the 1st indoor homerun, but the Astros won, 2-1 in 12 innings.
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.B8)(AP, 4/9/09)

1965        Apr 19, At a cost of $20,000, the outer Houston Astrodome ceiling was painted because of sun's glare. This in turn caused the grass to die.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1965        The play "The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds," written by Paul Zindel (d.2003), was 1st produced at the Alley Theater in Houston. It opened off Broadway in 1970 and was made into a film in 1972.
    (SFC, 4/1/03, p.A16)

1965        Raymond D. Nasher, Dallas real-estate developer, opened the NorthPark Center, in which he began displaying large sculptures that he collected with his wife Patsy.
    (WSJ, 11/4/03, p.AD8)

1966        Mar 19, Texas Western College under coach Don Haskins won the NCAA basketball tournament becoming the 1st team to win with an all African American team. In 2006 the film “Glory Road” depicted the story of the winning team.
    (SFC, 1/24/06, p.B1)

1966        Aug 1, Charles Joseph Whitman (25), architectural engineering student and ex-Marine, shot and killed 14 people at the University of Texas before he was gunned down by police. His mother and wife were the first victims before he climbed to the tower at the Univ. of Texas in Austen and shot 14 people dead and wounded 31. One shooting victim died of complications in 2001 bringing the death toll to 17. The 1997 film "The Delicate Art of the Rifle" by the Cambrai Liberation Collective of North Carolina was a reimaging of the attack at the Austin Campus.
    (AP, 8/1/97)(SFC,11/19/97, p.A3)(SFC, 4/17/07, p.A8)

1966        The US tested biological weapons in Texas. This was not disclosed until Mar 18, 1981.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1966        Norman Brinker, restaurant pioneer, founded Steak and Ale in Dallas. The chain later became part of the Metromedia Restaurant Group. In 2008 Metromedia filed for bankruptcy.
    (WSJ, 7/30/08, p.B1)

1966        Lonnie Pilgrim took over Texas-based Pilgrim’s Pride. In 1986 he took the chicken company public.
    (WSJ, 10/17/08, p.A1)

1967        Jan 3, Jack Ruby (55), the man who shot accused presidential assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, died in a Dallas hospital.
    (AP, 1/3/98)

1967        Jun 20, Boxer Muhammad Ali was convicted in Houston of violating Selective Service laws by refusing to be drafted. He was soon sentenced to five years in prison but was released on appeal. His conviction was overturned three years later by the US Supreme Court.
    (AP, 6/20/97)(www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3404700148.html)

1967        Nov 28, Actress-model Anna Nicole Smith (d.2007) was born Vickie Lynn Hogan in Houston.
    (AP, 11/28/07)

1967        IBM opened a plant in Austin, Texas, to make Selectric typewriters. The plant moved on to make mainframe circuit boards, terminals and eventually personal computers.
    (Econ, 9/23/06, p.74)
1967        Texas increased oil production to soften the blow of the Arab oil embargo following Israel’s 6-day war.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.23)

1969        Apr 4, In Houston, Texas, Dr. Denton Cooley implanted the 1st temporary artificial heart.
    (www.nytimes.com/2007/11/27/health/27docs.html)

1969        Harold Simmons (1931-2013), Dallas owner of the Williams Drug Co., bought Ward’s Drugstores for 18 million. In 1973 he sold his stores for $50 million in Eckerd stock.
    (SFC, 1/1/14, p.E5)

1970        Aug 3, Hurricane "Celia" reached its peak as it made landfall near Corpus Christi, Texas, as a strong Category Three hurricane.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_Celia)

1971        Sep 20, The American League Ok'd the Washington Senator move to Arlington, where they became the Texas Rangers.
    (WSJ, 4/7/99, p.B1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1971_Washington_Senators_season)

1971        The Rothko Chapel, an interfaith chapel in Houston, Texas, was built around the paintings of Mark Rothko (1903-1970). Composer Morton Feldman wrote his work “Rothko Chapel” for the occasion. In 1964 Rothko was commissioned by John and Dominique de Menil (also founders of the nearby Menil Collection) to create a meditative space filled with his paintings.
    (SFC, 2/25/11, p.F1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rothko_Chapel)

1972        Mar, Texas called for flat out oil production amidst rising consumption and declining production.
    (Econ, 2/15/14, p.23)

1972        Oct 29, Charles A. Tuller, his 2 sons and William White Graham hijacked an Eastern Airlines jet from Houston and flew to Cuba 4 days after an abortive bank robbery in Arlington, Va. The robbery left 2 people dead in Arlington and a ticket agent dead in Houston. This was the second-to-last successful hijacking from the United States to Cuba before the signing of an anti-hijacking agreement between the two countries in February, 1973.
    (www.latinamericanstudies.org/hijackers/72-killings.htm)

1972        In Fort Worth, Texas, the Kimbell Museum, designed by Louis Kahn, opened.
    (WSJ, 12/17/02, p.D8)

1972        The Campus Crusade for Christ organized “Explo ‘72” at “Godstock” in Dallas, Texas. The organization for the first time embraced rock music to attract young people.
    (WSJ, 1/18/08, p.W11)
1972        In Olney, Texas, Jack Northrup and Jack Bishop organized the annual One-Arm Dove Hunt. It turned into an annual support meeting for amputees.
    (SFEC, 8/24/97, p.A8)

1973        Jan 22, Former President Lyndon B. Johnson (1963-1969) died at his Texas ranch at age 64. Robert Dallek in 1998 published the biography "Flawed Giant."
    (SFC, 7/19/97, p.A6)(AP, 1/22/98)(SFC, 3/16/98, p.A2)

1973        Aug 8, In Texas Elmer Wayne Henley (17) called police in the Houston suburb of Pasadena to report a shooting. The high school dropout said he had killed Dean Corll after the 33-year-old electric company employee threatened to rape and kill Henley and two other teenagers who had gone to party at Corll's modest bungalow. By night's end 8 corpses were recovered from makeshift graves inside the corrugated metal shed in southwest Houston. The next day 9 more were discovered. Another 10 bodies were found on remote High Island beach, 80 miles east of Houston, and in a wooded area near Lake Sam Rayburn in East Texas. 27 dead Some as young as 13, none older than 21, were all victims of one killer, Dean Corll, and his two teenage accomplices, Elmer Wayne Henley and David Owen Brooks. The boys had seemed to vanish over the previous three years. In July, 1974, Henley was convicted in six of the murders and sentenced to six life terms in prison.
    (AP, 6/8/08)

1973        Aug 26, The Univ. of Texas at Arlington became the 1st accredited school to offer belly dancing.
    (www.celebratetoday.com/celebrate.html)(http://tinyurl.com/696e4t)

1973        Sep 22, Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport was dedicated. It was constructed to accommodate the new jumbo jets.
    (Hem., 5/97, p.70)(AP, 9/22/98)

1973        Marvin Zindler (1922-2007), TV reporter, pressed Texas Gov. Dolph Briscoe to close the Chicken Ranch brothel. His crusade eventually led to the Broadway show and film: “The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas.”
    (SFC, 7/30/07, p.B8)

1974        Oct 28, Missionaries Mark Fischer (19) of Milwaukee, Wis., and Gary Darley (20) of Simi Valley, Calif., disappeared in Austin, Texas. Their bodies were never found. Robert Elmer Kleasen, taxidermist, was convicted for their murder and sentenced to death in 1975, but was released after 2 years due to a faulty search warrant. He moved to Britain and in 2001 was convicted again based on DNA evidence, but died in 2003 while awaiting possible extradition.
    (AP, 4/21/03)

1974        Nov 29, Haroldson L. Hunt (b.1889), Texas oil man and multi-millionaire, died.
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/JFKhuntHL.htm)

1974        Architects Doug Michels (1943-2003) and Chip Lord, founders of the Ant Farm in SF, created "Cadillac Ranch," a sculpture of 10 planted Cadillacs, in Amarillo, Texas.
    (SSFC, 6/22/03, p.A1)

1974-1978    Fred Hofheinz served as mayor of Houston. In 2000 Hofheinz pleaded guilty in a New Orleans federal extortion case.
    (SFC, 11/22/00, p.A5)

1975        Jul 25, Jay R. Ferguson Jr., American actor (Taylor Newton-Evening Shade), was born in Dallas, Tx.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jay_R._Ferguson)

1975        The 1st post prohibition winery opened in Texas.
    (WSJ, 6/2/00, p.W1)

1975        Joseph Stanley Faulder was convicted for the murder of oil matriarch Inez Phillips (75). He was sentenced to be executed. His execution was blocked in 1998 because he was a Canadian citizen and had not been informed of his right to contact the Canadian consulate. He was executed in 1999.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.C13)(SFC, 6/18/99, p.A10)

1976        Feb 22, Sandra Camille found her husband, David Stegall, a Dallas dentist, dead with slashed wrists and a bullet in the left temple. Sandra collected insurance and re-married 2 years later to Bobby Bridewell, who died of cancer 2 years later. After 2 more years Sandra married Alan Rehrig (29). He was found shot dead in 1985, and Sandra again collected insurance. Sandra embarked on a series of frauds and in 2007 at age 62 was held in North Carolina pending investigations into her past.
    (SFC, 7/6/07, p.B9)

1976        Apr 5, Reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes died in Houston at age 72. In 1993 Charles Higham authored “Howard Hughes: The Secret Life.” In 1996 Peter Harry Brown and Pat H. Broeske authored "Howard Hughes: The Untold Story." Hughes had hired a coterie of Mormons to take care of his confidential business. These included Frank William Gay (1920-2007), who led Hughes’ Summa Corp. from 1970-1978.
    (AP, 4/5/97)(SFC, 10/21/00, p.A24)(WSJ, 5/26/07, p.A6)

1976        J. Howard Marshall II (d.1995), Texas oil tycoon and alumnus of Haverford College, Pa., pledged $4 million to Haverford. In 1994 Marshall married Playboy Playmate Anna Nicole Smith (26) and by his death had donated less than $2 million to the college.
    (WSJ, 7/24/03, p.A1)

1977        Apr 23, Dr. Allen Bussey completed 20,302 yo-yo loops in Waco, Texas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waco,_Texas)

1977        Sep, In Philadelphia Helen "Holly" Maddux, a Bryn Mawr College graduate from Tyler, Texas, was murdered and stuffed into a steamer trunk for 18 months until her body was discovered. Ira Einhorn, "hippie guru" was arrested for the murder in 1979 but released on bail. He fled to hide in France. Fred Maddux, Holly's father, committed suicide in 1988. Einhorn was convicted in absentia in 1993. In June,1997, he was arrested in France. A French court ruled against extradition and released Einhorn. Einhorn was arrested in 1998 under a new extradition warrant. The events were broadcast as a TV crime story in 1999 titled "The Hunt for the Unicorn Killer." In 1999 The French Supreme Court ruled that Einhorn should be returned to the US. In 1999 a civil suit ordered Einhorn to pay $907 million to the Maddux family. Einhorn was extradited to the US in 2001. he was convicted of murder Oct 17, 2002.
    (SFC, 6/17/97, p.A2)(SFC,12/5/97, p.A17)(SFC, 9/22/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 5/3/99, p.A20)(WSJ, 5/12/99, p.A23)(SFC, 5/28/99, p.D3)(SFC, 7/29/99, p.A8)(SFC, 7/20/01, p.A14)(SFC, 10/18/02, p.A7)

1977        Nov 5, Guy Lombardo (75), orchestra leader (Auld Lang Syne), died in Houston.
    (MC, 11/5/01)

1975        Waylon Jennings and Willie Nelson made a hit with their duet: "Luckenbach, Texas."
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.A2)

1977-1992    Rev. Rudolph Kos sexually abused a number of altar boys from 1977-1992, when he was suspended. In 1988 he became a pastor. In 1997 on Jul 24, a Dallas jury awarded $120 million in damages against the local Roman Catholic diocese on the grounds that the Church had ignored evidence of his abuses. He was sentenced to life in prison in 1998. In 1998 the Diocese agreed to pay $23.4 million to the nine former altar boys.
    (SFC, 7/25/97, p.A1)(SFC, 4/2/98, p.A6)

1978        Apr 2, TV show "Dallas" premiered on CBS as a 5 week mini-series. It was produced by Leonard Katzman (1927-1996) and ran through May, 1991.
    (SFC, 9/9/96, p.A26)(www.tvguide.com/tvshows/dallas/cast/100107)

1978        Jun 10, Algur Hurtle Meadows (b.1899), Texas oilman, died in a car crash. He left behind a large collection of Hispanic art at the Virginia Meadows Museum at Southern Methodist Univ.
    (WSJ, 3/2/05, p.D9)(www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/MM/fmezk.html)

1978        Jun 21, Dr. LeMaistre and Art Dilly flew to New York City with checks totaling $2.4 million to purchase a complete edition of the two-volume, 1456 Gutenberg Bible. The Carl H. and Lily Pforzheimer Foundation of NYC had sold the Gutenberg Bible to the Ransom Center of Texas.
    (www.utexas.edu/news/2003/07/22/nr_hrc/)(http://tinyurl.com/32vox7)

1978        Jul 30, Tropical Storm Amelia formed in the western Gulf of Mexico near Brownsville, Texas. The storm moved over land, but continued to intensify to a 50 mph tropical storm. The storm dissipated over Texas on August 1. Flooding rains due to torrential rains exceeding 40 inches led to the deaths of 30 people in Texas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1978_Atlantic_hurricane_season#Tropical_Storm_Amelia)

1978        Nov 1, In Dallas, Texas, Jonathan Bruce Reed attacked Wanda Jean Wadle and her roommate, Kimberly Pursley. He'd apparently entered their apartment by posing as a maintenance man. In 1979 Reed was convicted and condemned to death for the rape-slaying of Wanda Jean Wadle at her apartment. In 2009 an appeals court ruled that Reed could be freed because prosecutors improperly excluded blacks from his jury in the belief that blacks empathize with defendants.
    (AP, 1/14/09)

1978        John Mackey began his Whole Foods Market in a garage in Austin, Texas, under the name SaferWay. In 1980 he merged with a natural grocery store and opened as Whole Foods Market. The natural foods grocery went public in 1992.
    (Econ, 7/30/05, p.60)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whole_Foods_Market)

1979        Mar 12, Mary Francis Davis was shot and killed at the Lone Star Ice and Food Store in San Antonio. John Satterwhite was later convicted and sentenced to death. He was executed Aug 16, 2000.
    (SFC, 8/17/00, p.A5)

1979        May 29, US District Judge John Wood (b.1916) was assassinated in San Antonio as he was about to preside in a drug conspiracy trial against Jimmy Chagra. Joe Chagra (1946-1996), Jimmy’s brother, conspired in the killing and served as a prosecution witness against Charles V. Harrelson. Joe served 6 1/2 of 10 years. Charles Harrelson (d.2007) was convicted of the murder. Prosecutors said a drug dealer facing trial had hired Harrelson to kill the judge, who was known for giving maximum sentences. In 1985 Harrelson’s son Woody began an acting career with a role in “Cheers.”
    (SFC, 12/11/96, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_H._Wood,_Jr.)(SFC, 3/21/07, p.B7)

1979        Oct 25, In Texas Johnny Penry raped and stabbed to death Pamela Mosely Carpenter (22). Penry, said to have an IQ of 51-63, was convicted of murder and faced execution in 2000. The US Supreme Court blocked the Nov. execution. The US Supreme Court overturned his death sentence in 2001 due to flawed instructions in his initial conviction.
    (www.oag.state.tx.us/newspubs/newsarchive/2000/20001113penryfacts.htm)(SFC, 6/5/01, p.A1)

1979        Nov 1, The tanker Burmah Agate, spilled 10.7 million gallons of oil off Galveston Bay, Texas, in US's worst oil spill disaster.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2jwxd3)

1979        The film "North Dallas Forty" by Ted Kotcheff starred Nick Nolte as a wounded football player. It was based on a novel by former Dallas Cowboy football player Peter Gent.
    (WSJ, 11/1/96, p.A11)(SFC, 5/29/97, p.E2)(WSJ, 2/16/00, p.A26)

1980        Apr 12, In Texas Richard Whitehead (16) was shot and killed after allegedly drinking into the early hours with co-worker Delma Banks. Banks claimed he was innocent, but was convicted in the murder and sentenced to death. The US Supreme Court stopped the execution in 2004 and allowed Banks to appeal his conviction.
    (SFC, 2/25/04, p.A4)(www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/article.php?did=563&scid=)

1980        Oct 13, In Houston, Texas, a delicatessen clerk was shot and killed by one bullet during a robbery. Willie Williams, who admitted to firing the fatal shot, was executed in 1995. His accomplice, Joseph Nichols, was convicted in 1982 at age 20 and in 2007 was also executed for the murder.
    (http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAMR510332007)

1981        May 13, Bobby Grant Lambert was shot and killed during an attempted robbery at a Houston Safeway parking lot. Gary Graham was later convicted of the murder and sentenced to death.
    (WSJ, 6/28/00, p.A22)

1981        Mar 18, The U.S. disclosed that there were biological weapons tested in Texas in 1966.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1981        The San Antonio Museum of Art opened in a structure that originally housed the Lone Star Brewery.
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, p.T11)
1981        George Mitchell (b.1919), a Texas oilman, began to develop an affordable way to extract natural gas locked up in shale rock and other geological formations. By the early 1990s his Mitchell Energy & Development company successfully perfected the fracking process.
    (www.forbes.com/2009/07/16/george-mitchell-gas-business-energy-shale.html)

1981-1984    Kenneth Lay served as president and COO of Transco Energy.
    (SSFC, 2/3/02, p.A19)

1982        Nov 19, An antenna tower collapsed during construction in Missouri City, Texas, and 5 riggers were killed.
    (http://ethics.tamu.edu/ethics/tvtower/tv3.htm)

1982        Dec 7, Convicted murderer Charlie Brooks Junior became the first U.S. prisoner to be executed by injection, at a prison in Huntsville, Texas. Brooks, convicted of murdering an auto mechanic, received an intravenous injection of sodium pentathol.
    (AP, 12/7/99)

1982        Braniff Airlines, based in Dallas, ceased operations with $1 billion in debt. Harding Lawrence (d.2002 at 81) led the company from 1965-1980.
    (SFC, 1/21/02, p.B5)

1982        Texas reinstated the death penalty.
    (SFC,11/22/97, p.A11)

1982        Texas sent James Curtis Giles (28) to prison for 10 years for the gang rape of a Dallas woman that he has long maintained he did not commit. In 2007 more than a decade after his release from prison, he was expected to become the 13th Dallas County man on track to be exonerated with the help of DNA evidence.
    (AP, 4/9/07)

1983        Feb 4, In Texas Wanda Lopez was murdered in Corpus Christi. In 1989 Carlos DeLuna (27) was executed for her murder. In 2012 a report, entitled "Los Tocayos Carlos: Anatomy of a Wrongful Execution," said DeLuna was not guilty of the murder.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)(http://www3.law.columbia.edu/hrlr/ltc/)

1983        Mar 18, Mexico's financial crisis was causing a surge of illegal aliens over the border into Texas.
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1983        Jul 14, Clarencio Champion (59), a party store operator in Mercedes, was stabbed during a robbery and died a week later. In 1998 David Castillo (34) was executed for the murder though he insisted on his innocence.
    (SFC, 9/24/98, p.A3)

1983        Jul 25, The first nonhuman primate, a baboon, was conceived in a lab dish in San Antonio, Tx.
    (http://tinyurl.com/34c8hm)

1983        Aug 10, In Houston Janet Caldwell (38), mother of two, died after she was shot twice in the neck by Charlie Livingston, who robbed her as she returned to her van with a bag of groceries.
    (SFC,11/22/97, p.A11)

1983        Aug 18, Hurricane Alicia slammed into the Texas coast, leaving 21 dead and causing more than $1 billion damage.
    (AP, 8/18/08)

1983        Aug 29, William Goyen (b.1915), Texas-born novelist and playwright, died in Los Angeles. His 1st novel was “House of Breath” (1950).
    (www.tsha.utexas.edu)(www.inthe80s.com/deaths/died1983.shtml)

1983        Oct, In Texas four bodies were found shot execution-style in an airplane hangar on the B&B Ranch north of Dallas. 3 months later chemical salesman Lester Leroy Bower Jr. was charged with capital murder. More than 20 years later, a state judge stopped Bower's scheduled July 22, 2008, execution and agreed to consider his request that evidence be examined to see if DNA testing could back up his claim of innocence.
    (AP, 7/6/08)

1983        The Texas-based Belo Corp. under CEO James Moroney Jr. (1921-2007) purchased Corinthian Broadcasting Group from Dun & Bradstreet for $606 million. This was the largest deal to date in US broadcast history.
    (SFC, 2/20/07, p.B4)

1983        Joseph Frank Smith was convicted of raping the same woman twice in San Antonio. He later agreed to impotence-causing injections as a condition of probation. In 1998 he pleaded guilty to new sex crimes and was being investigated for up to 75 more incidents since 1987.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A3)

1983        Jimmy Don Beets, a Dallas fire captain, was murdered. His wife, Betty Lou Beets, was convicted of the murder and sentenced to death. She was also accused of shooting and killing her 4th husband, Doyle Barker, but was not tried for that case. She was also convicted for shooting and wounding her 2nd husband. Beets was executed in 2000.
    (SFC, 2/23/00, p.A5)(SFC, 2/25/00, p.A3)

1984        Jun, Kenneth Lay joined Houston National Gas as chairman and CEO.
    (SSFC, 2/3/02, p.A19)

1984        Aug 22, The Republican convention in Dallas renominated Ronald Reagan.
    (http://ap.grolier.com/article?assetid=0329270-00)

1984        Dick Armey, Texas Republican and economics professor, was elected to the US Congress. In 2003 he authored "Armey's Axioms."
    (WSJ, 12/11/03, p.D6)

1984        The Dallas Semiconductor Corp. began operations under Vin Prothro (d.2000 at 58).
    (SFC, 11/18/00, p.A24)

1984        Michael Dell (19), a student at the Univ. of Texas, founded Dell Computer in Austin, Texas.
    (SFEC, 3/7/99, p.B9)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.I1)

1984        Marketplace Chaplains USA was founded in Dallas, Texas, to provide corporations with chaplains. By 2007 it employed 2100 at 300 US companies in 46 states.
    (Econ, 8/25/07, p.60)

1984        In Texas Karla Faye Tucker and a male companion took a pick-ax to two people. She was convicted and sentenced to die. She was executed on Feb 3, 1998.
    (WSJ, 1/5/98, p.20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karla_Faye_Tucker)

1985        Jul 11, Houston Astro's Nolan Ryan became the first pitcher to strike out 4000 batters as he fanned Danny Heep of the New York Mets.
    (www.usatoday.com/sports/baseball/hallfame/ryan.htm)

1985        Aug 2, In Texas 137 people were killed when a Delta Air Lines jumbo jet crashed while attempting to land at the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport.
    (AP, 8/2/97)

1985        Sep 30, Maxxam Corp. made a tender offer for Pacific Lumber at $36 a share. The same day it demanded and received a 50% cut in fees due to Drexel Burnham Lambert. During the summer the Wall Street firm Drexel Burnham Lambert and Maxxam Corp. had hired a timber consultant to fly over the holdings of Pacific Lumber and estimate their worth. Charles Hurwitz announced his intention to acquire Pacific Lumber and had Michael Milken of Drexel arrange junk bond financing. Control of Pacific Lumber passed to Hurwitz of Texas-based Maxxam by the end of the year. The bonds were sold to United Savings Association, a Texas S&L whose parent corporation was owned by Charles Hurwitz. The thrift failed in 1988 and taxpayers were stuck with a $1.6 billion bailout.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A4-5)(www.mcn.org/e/iii/politics/hurwitzm.htm)

1985        Sep, In Texas Patrick Rogers shot a killed police officer David Roberts (23) after a robbery. Rogers, a black man, was convicted and sentenced to death. His story was made into a 1997 Dateline NBC documentary.
    (WSJ, 1/5/98, p.20)

1985        Nov 6, An exploratory oil well at Ranger, Tx., exploded and spilled 150,000 barrels of oil.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1980-1989_world_oil_market_chronology)

1985        Nov 28, In Lake Worth, Texas, two men and a teenager (15) died as a result of a briefcase bomb on Thanksgiving Day. Another man and woman were injured by the explosion. In 2009 Michael Roy Toney (43) was released from prison after his 1999 conviction in the bombing was overturned.
    (www.justicedenied.org/michaeltoney.htm)(SFC, 9/4/09, p.A7)

1985        In Dallas developer Trammel Crow built the massive Infomart, modeled after the London’s famous Crystal Palace that burned down in 1936.
    (WSJ, 12/2/97, p.B12)

1985        Ann Rockefeller Roberts donated her father's folk art collection of some 2,500 pieces to the San Antonio Museum of Art.
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, p.T10)

1985        Texas passed a compensation law to cover the wrongly convicted. It was limited to $50,000 and included strict conditions.
    (SSFC, 4/1/01, p.A16)

1985        Enron Corp. was formed when Houston Natural Gas combined with InterNorth Inc., a gas-pipeline company. Kenneth Lay (1942-2006) was named chairman and CEO in 1986. Enron filed for bankruptcy in 2001.
    (NW, 12/10/01, p.50)(SFC, 1/24/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/3/02, p.A19)

1985        John Kilheffer was killed by two hitchhikers. In 1997 Irineo Tristan Montoya was executed for holding Kilheffer while Juan Villavicencio stabbed him 22 times. Villavicencio testified against Montoya and avoided the death sentence.
    (SFC, 6/19/97, p.A3)

1985        Five illegal Mexican immigrants were robbed and shot after crossing into Texas in a boxcar. One of the 5 was killed and Rodolfo Hernandez was convicted for his role in the murder. His execution was set for Mar 21, 2002.
    (SFC, 2/23/02, p.A2)

1985        A Dallas-area woman was raped and her apartment was burglarized. Thomas Clifford McGowan (26) was convicted of both crimes in separate trials in 1985 and 1986 and sentenced to life each time. In 2008 McGowan won his freedom after a DNA testing proved him innocent.
    (AP, 4/16/08)

1986        Apr 30, Ranch foreman James Hazelton (28) and brother-in-law Peter Sparagana (23) were murdered near Huntsville, Texas, after they interrupted a burglary. Gary Johnson (59) was later convicted of the murders and was executed on Jan 12, 2010.
    (SFC, 1/13/10, p.A6)(www.itemonline.com/local/local_story_011092452.html)

1986        Aug 13, In Texas Christine Morton was found beaten and killed in her Williamson County home. Her husband Michael Morton was convicted and spent 25 years in prison before being freed in 2011 after DNA evidence showed another man was responsible. On April 19, 2013, a judge ruled that former DA Ken Anderson had acted improperly and issued an arrest warrant on criminal contempt and tampering charges.
    (SFC, 10/5/11, p.A7)(SFC, 4/20/13, p.A4)

1986        Sep 13, In Texas Jonathan Nobles stabbed to death Mitzi Johnson-Nalley (21) and Kelly Farquhar (24). Nobles was high on drugs at the time and during imprisonment offered to donate his organs, but the Texas system did not allow organs from death row inmates to be harvested. He was executed Oct 7, 1998.
    (SFC, 10/8/98, p.A3)

1986        Sep 19, Harken Energy agreed to acquire Spectrum 7 Energy Corp., a Texas oil and gas company where George W. Bush was chairman, for 200,000 shares and a consulting salary. Bush became a Harken board member and a $100,000-a-year ($120,000-a-year) consultant. In 1989 Harken sold 80% of its Aloha petroleum subsidiary to a group of insiders. An SEC investigation pointed to disguised Harken losses of $8 million.
    (SFC, 7/9/02, p.A12)(WSJ, 10/9/02, p.A4)

1986        Oct 15, Harvard Univ. agreed to buy 1.35 million shares of Harken Energy for $2 million and to invest $20 million in Harken projects. George W. Bush served as a Harken board member and paid consultant.
    (WSJ, 10/9/02, p.A4)

1986        Dec 27, James Wilkens shot and killed is ex-girlfriend’s 4-year-old son and boyfriend. Wilkens was executed in 2001.
    (SFC, 7/12/01, p.A10)

1986        Deanna Ogg (16) was raped and murdered. Roy Criner was convicted and sentenced to life in prison with no physical evidence. DNA tests in 1997 showed that Criner was not the rapist but an appeals court denied a new trial. In 2000 prosecutors agreed that Criner should be released. He was pardoned by Gov. Bush.
    (SFC, 7/25/00, p.A4)(SFC, 7/29/00, p.A7)(SFC, 8/16/00, p.A3)

1987        Feb 12, A Court in Texas upheld an $8.5 billion fine imposed on Texaco for the illegal takeover of Getty Oil.
    (HN, 2/12/98)

1987        May 22, A deadly tornado devastated the small West Texas town of Saragosa, killing 30 people and injuring 162. The storm destroyed 61 houses and leveled the community center and church.
    (AP, 5/22/97)

1987        May 23, Rescue workers and survivors searched through the rubble of a killer tornado in Saragosa, Texas, that had claimed 30 lives. Texas Gov. Bill Clements expressed his sorrow, and pledged all possible help.
    (AP, 5/23/97)

1987        Jul 17, 10 teen-agers were killed when raging floodwaters from the Guadalupe River near Comfort, Texas, swept away a church bus and van holding 43 people.
    (AP, 7/17/97)

1987        Aug 4, Ernest Ray Willis was sentenced to death for capital murder in an arson in west Texas. In 2004 he was released after facts in the case exonerated him.
    (NYT, 10/8/04, p.A16)

1987        Oct 14, A real-life drama began in Midland, Texas, as 18-month-old Jessica McClure slid 22 feet down an abandoned well at a private day care center. Hundreds of rescuers worked 58 hours to free her.
    (AP, 10/14/97)

1987        Oct 15, Frantic efforts continued in Midland, Texas, to save 18-month-old Jessica McClure, who had fallen 22 feet down an abandoned well the day before. Jessica was freed the following evening.
    (AP, 10/15/97)

1987        The Menil Museum in Houston, Texas, designed by Italian architect Renzo Piano, was completed.
    (WSJ, 6/8/06, p.D8)

1987        George Roden was driven from the Branch Dravidian religious group after a gun battle with David Koresh over the leadership. The 77-acre compound near Waco, known as Mount Carmel, belonged to Roden’s mother, who named Koresh as the trustee in her will.
    (SFC, 12/8/98, p.A3)

1987        Kevin Lee Zimmerman stabbed and killed a Louisiana oil worker at a Beaumont motel. He was convicted and faced execution in 2004.
    (USAT, 1/20/04, p.12A)

1987        Apr 7, Frances Newton (22) allegedly killed her husband and 2 children in Houston to gain insurance benefits. According to a reprieve petition, Adrian Newton was a drug user and drug seller and there was evidence that some sort of trouble in this regard was brewing before the murder. In 2005 she was executed in Huntsville, Texas, the 1st black woman to be executed by the state since the Civil War.
    (SFC, 9/15/05, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/9mw34)

1988        Mar 1, Courtney Gibbs Eplin (21) of Texas was crowned 37th Miss USA.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1988        Apr, Marie Wilson (7) was raped and killed by Garry Dean Miller near Abilene. Miller was executed in 2000.
    (SFC, 12/6/00, p.A13)

1988        Jul 12, Democratic presidential candidate Michael S. Dukakis tapped Texas Sen. Lloyd Bentsen as his running mate.
    (AP, 7/12/98)

1988        Jul 29, FDIC bailed out 1st Republic Bank, Dallas, with $4 billion.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lubu9)

1988        Aug 25, Challenger Center opened its classroom doors in Houston.
    (chblue.com, 8/25/01)

1988        Aug 31, Fourteen people were killed when a Delta Boeing 727 crashed during takeoff from Dallas-Fort Worth Airport.    
    (AP, 8/31/98)

1988        Sep 6, Lee Roy Young became the first African-American Texas Ranger in the force's 165-year history.
    (HN, 9/6/98)

1988        Sep 8, Two nuclear-missile rocket motors were destroyed at an army ammunition plant in Karnack, Texas; they were the first US weapons to be eliminated under an arms reduction treaty with the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 9/8/08)

1988        Nov 10, The Department of Energy announced that Texas would be the home of a $4.4 billion atom-smashing super collider. However, support for the project declined as cost estimates soared, and Congress finally voted in October 1993 to kill it.
    (AP, 11/10/98)

1988        Nov 22, Americans honored President Kennedy on the 25th anniversary of his assassination, with 2,500 people turning out in Dallas, and visitors stopping by his gravesite at Arlington National Cemetery.
    (AP, 11/22/98)

1988        Texas made hunter safety education mandatory for any hunter seeking a license born after Sept. 2, 1971.
    (SFC, 2/14/06, p.A10)

1988        Nancy DePriest was killed at a Pizza Hut in Austin. Christopher Ochoa was arrested and pleaded guilty. He was sentenced to life in prison and later said his plea was coerced. In 2001 he was cleared by DNA evidence, gathered by a group of law students, and released.
    (SFC, 1/17/01, p.A4)

1989        Apr 17, The US House Ethics Committee released its report accusing Speaker Jim Wright of violating House rules on the acceptance of gifts and outside income -- charges denied by the Texas Democrat.
    (AP, 4/17/99)

1989        Jun, Miguel Angel Flores murdered Angela Tyson (20), a student of Eastern New Mexico Univ., after kidnapping her at knifepoint from a video store in the Texas Panhandle. Flores was executed Nov 9, 2000.
    (SFC, 10/14/00, p.A16)(SFC, 11/10/00, p.A3)

1989        Jul 6, The U.S. Army destroyed its last Pershing 1A missiles at an ammunition plant in Karnack, Texas, under terms of a 1987 treaty.
    (AP, 7/6/97)

1989        Sep 21, In Alton, Texas, 21 students died when their school bus collided with a truck and careered into a water-filled pit.
    (AP, 9/21/99)

1989        Oct 23, Twenty-three people were killed in an explosion at Phillips Petroleum Co.'s chemical complex in Pasadena, Texas.
    (AP, 10/23/99)

1989        Dallas opened The Sixth Floor Museum dedicated to the 1963 assassination of JFK. It was located on the 6th floor of the former School Book Depository near the site of the murder.
    (SSFC, 11/16/03, p.C8)

1989        Jerry Jones, the new owner of the Dallas Cowboys, let go coach Tom Landry, who had led the team since 1960.
    (WSJ, 2/16/00, p.A26)
1989        Claude Howard Jones was convicted for the slaying of Allen Hilzendager. Jones was executed in 2000.
    (SFC, 12/8/00, p.D4)
1989        A Dallas police narcotics officer was killed. Javier Suarez Medina (20) was convicted and sentenced to death. In 2002 Mexico’s Pres. Fox called for a halt to the execution.
    (SFC, 8/13/02, p.A5)

1990        Jun 22, George W. Bush, a director of Harken Energy Corp., a Texas oil company, sold 212,140 shares at $4 per share just before huge losses were reported. Corporate disclosure of the sale was filed months later.
    (SFC, 7/4/02, p.A1)(SFC, 7/9/02, p.A12)(WSJ, 7/10/02, p.A8)

1990        Jun 30, Harken Energy reported a $23 million 2nd quarter loss. George W. Bush was a director at Harken.
    (SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A19)

1990        Jul 31, Pitcher Nolan Ryan of the Texas Rangers became the 20th major leaguer to win 300 games as he led his team to victory over the Milwaukee Brewers 11-to-3.
    (AP, 7/31/00)   

1990        Aug 27, Texan blues guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan (35) was killed in a helicopter crash after performing at a concert in Wisconsin.
    (Reuters, 8/28/01)
1990        Nov 6, In Texas Ann Richards (1933-2006) narrowly beat oilman Clayton Williams to become state governor.
    (Econ, 11/3/12, p.86)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ann_Richards)
1990        Nov 30, Harken Energy transferred $20 million in debt to a Harvard partnership, and eliminated another $16 million in debt by transferring assets to Harvard. George W. Bush served as a Harken board member and paid consultant.
    (WSJ, 10/9/02, p.A4)

1990        Buzz Bissinger authored “Friday Night Lights: A Town, a Team, and a Dream,” the story of a football team in the Texas oil town of Odessa. A film version was released in 2004.
    (SSFC, 2/3/13, p.F3)
1990        Hallie Crawford Stillwell (d. 1997 at 99), a Big Bend Texas pioneer, wrote her autobiography. A sequel was to be completed by her great niece.
    (SFC, 8/21/97, p.C4)
1990        Bob Bullock (d.1999 at 69) began serving as lieutenant governor. For 8 years he presided over the state Senate, made all committee appointments and controlled the flow of legislation.
    (SFC, 6/19/99, p.A21)
1990        In San Antonio a newspaper began publishing lists of heavy water users during times of drought. The paper went defunct but the list was continued by the Express-News.
    (WSJ, 8/10/98, p.A1)
1990        James Michael Wilcox was murdered in Texas. Robert Smith (22), with an IQ estimated at 63, was convicted and sentenced to death. In 2004 Gov. Rick Perry commuted the death sentence due to a 2002 Supreme Court decision barring the execution of developmentally disabled inmates.
    (SFC, 2/13/04, p.A2)

1991        Jan 26, Four people were killed in a shooting spree at a Taco Bell restaurant in Irving, Texas. Jessy Carlos San Miguel was convicted and executed in Huntsville by lethal injection on Jan 29, 2000.
    (SFC, 6/30/00, p.A10)(http://murderpedia.org/male.S/s1/san-miguel-jessy.htm)

1991        Mar 4, George W. Bush notified the SEC about his 1990 sale of Harken stock.
    (SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A19)

1991        Jul 3, A Fort Worth, Texas, police officer was videotaped beating a handcuffed prisoner in his patrol car. The officer was suspended, but later reinstated after a grand jury refused to indict him.
    (AP, 7/3/01)

1991        Oct 16, In Killeen, Texas, George Jo Hennard (35) crashed his pickup truck into a Luby's Cafeteria and opened fire, killing 23 people before taking his own life. Another 20 people were wounded.
    (AP, 10/16/97)(SFC, 4/17/07, p.A8)

1991        Dec 23, In Texas the house of Cameron Todd Willingham caught fire in Corsicana and his 3 young daughters were killed in the blaze. Investigators said the burn pattern in the house indicated arson. Willingham maintained his innocence but was convicted, sentenced to death and executed in 2004. Shortly before his execution an arson expert said the initial investigation was based on bad science and that there was no proof of arson.
    (Econ, 10/24/09, p.36)

1991        Jennifer Soto (19), a Taco Bell manager, was killed during a robbery attempt in Dallas. LaRoyce Lathair Smith (19) was tried, convicted and sentenced to death for her murder. In 2004 his sentence was overturned by the US Supreme Court because jurors did not consider his learning disability and other evidence. Smith’s IQ was reported to be 78.
    (SFC, 11/16/04, p.A4)

1992        Mar 12, Caren Koslow was beaten to death at her home in Fort Worth. Her husband Jack was also beaten but survived. In 2000 Jeffrey Dillingham, hired for the murder by a stepdaughter, was executed by injection for the murder.
    (SFC, 11/2/00, p.A4)

1992        Aug 15, While Republicans gathered in Houston for their national convention, President Bush spent the weekend at Camp David, his renomination secure.
    (AP, 8/15/97)

1992        Aug 22, President Bush told an evangelical gathering in Dallas that the Democrats had left "three simple letters" out of their platform: "G-o-d." Democrat Bill Clinton said Bush was trying to divert attention from the economy.
    (AP, 8/22/02)

1992        Sep 2, On the campaign trail, President Bush announced nearly $2 billion in new aid for US farmers and a $6 billion jet fighter sale that would largely benefit Texas. Democrat Bill Clinton, meanwhile, charged that Bush would short change middle-class students to finance tax cuts for the rich. Bush announced the agreement to sell Taiwan 150 F-16 jet fighters at the General Dynamics factory in Fort Worth, Texas.
    (AP, 9/2/97)(www.fas.org/news/taiwan/1992/920903-taiwan-usia2.htm)

1992        Sep 25, Dorothy Harris (41) and Louis Oates (63) were shot to death at their oil company office in Palestine, Texas. Kelsey Patterson, a paranoid schizophrenic, was arrested and convicted of the murder. Patterson was executed May 18, 2004.
    (SFC, 5/19/04, p.A7)(www.txexecutions.org/reports/322.asp)

1992        Oct 12, Mike Piperis (46), co-owner of U&I Restaurant in Corpus Christi, and Anthony Staton (31), a cook, were murdered. Martin E. Gurule was convicted for the murder and sentenced to death. Gurule’s girlfriend, Malisa Smith, was also convicted, and sentenced to 25 years in prison.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A8)

1992        The south Texas town of Hidalgo erected a 20-foot statue of a bee and dubbed itself the Killer Bee Capital of the World. Tourists came to see it.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.41)

1992        Texas executed 12 inmates.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A17)

1993        Feb 2, IRS and Willie Nelson settled on $9M tax bill (of $16.7M). In November 1990 the IRS had raided Willie Nelson's home in Texas and seized everything. The IRS auctioned off Nelson's home and his property, though friends and fans bought most of his things and gave them back later.
    (www.440.com/twtd/archives/feb02.html)(www.bankruptcy-usa.info/famous-bankruptcies.html)

1993        Feb 28, Agents of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms raided the ranch of the Branch Davidian sect under David Koresh in Waco, Texas. A shootout followed when Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agents tried to serve warrants on the Branch Davidians; four agents and six Davidians were killed as a 51-day standoff began. In 1997 the film "Waco: The Rules of Engagement: was released that documented the story.
    (SFC, 2/28/97, p.D3) (AP, 2/28/98)

1993        Mar 1, Authorities near Waco, Texas, continued negotiating with Branch Davidians holed up in their bullet-scarred compound, a day after a furious gun battle between the Davidians and federal agents that left 10 people dead.
    (AP, 3/1/98)

1993        Mar 6, As a standoff at the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas, ended its first week, authorities appealed publicly to David Koresh and his followers to give themselves up.
    (AP, 3/6/98)

1993        Mar 7, Authorities said David Koresh, the leader of the Branch Davidians, was becoming irritable and had rejected proposals to end a week-long standoff at his compound near Waco, Texas.
    (AP, 3/7/98)

1993        Apr 19, The 51-day siege at the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas, ended as fire destroyed the structure after federal agents began smashing their way in; dozens of people, including leader David Koresh (Vernon Howell), were killed. In 1999 the FBI admitted that it used incendiary tear gas canisters but still maintained that it did not start the fire. An undisclosed tape recording of the assault was also disclosed in 1999.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1993)(AP, 4/19/97)(SFC, 8/25/99, p.A3)(SFC, 9/2/99, p.A30)

1993        May 2, Authorities said they had recovered the remains of David Koresh from the burned-out Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas.
    (AP, 5/2/98)

1993        May 15, The $186 million Alamodome opened in San Antonio, Texas.
    (http://tinyurl.com/86zlw)

1993        Jun 5, In Texas, Republican Kay Bailey Hutchison won the U.S. Senate seat vacated by Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen.
    (AP, 6/5/98)

1993        Jun 15, Former Texas Gov. John Connally, who was wounded in the gunfire that killed President Kennedy, died at age 76.
    (AP, 6/15/98)

1993        Jun 24, In Texas Jennifer Ertman (14) and Elizabeth Pena (16) were confronted by six teenage members of a loose-knit "Black and White" gang who savagely raped, tortured, and beat them to death. Police soon arrested Jose Ernesto Medellin, who gave a written confession but was not told that he could request assistance from the Mexican consulate. Five of the six defendants received death sentences at trial. Medellin was sentenced to death in 1994, but the World court in 2004 ruled that his conviction, and that of 50 other Mexicans in the US, violated the 1963 Vienna Convention. In 2007 his case went before the US Supreme Court. In 2010 Peter Anthony Cantu was executed for his role in the rapes and murders.
    (www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7051821)(SFC, 10/11/07, p.A7)(SFC, 8/18/10, p.A4)

1993         Aug, Juan Raul Garza, indicted as the boss of a drug ring, was convicted and sentenced to death for killing 3 men in Texas between April 1990 and Jan 1991. Garza maintained his innocence and in 2000 Pres. Clinton delayed the execution to allow an appeal for clemency. The delay was followed by a 6-month reprieve to study racial and geographic disparities in the federal death penalty. Garza was executed in 2001.
    (SFC, 8/3/00, p.A3)(SFC, 12/8/00, p.A3)(SFC, 6/20/01, p.A3)

1993        Sep 27, Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison, R-Texas, was indicted on charges that, as Texas state treasurer, she'd misused state facilities and employees. The indictment was dismissed for technical reasons; Hutchison was reindicted and later acquitted.
    (AP, 9/27/98)

1993        Sep 30, US Treasury Department issued a report sharply criticizing top officials at the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms for their handling of the February raid on the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas.
    (www.carolmoore.net/waco/waco-treasury-report1.html)

1993        Oct 8, The US government issued a report absolving the FBI of wrongdoing in its 51-day siege and final assault in Texas on the Branch Davidian compound, which went up in flames, killing as many as 85 people. It concluded the department and Attorney General Reno made no mistakes and that the cult bore the blame for the fire that destroyed the compound, killing at least 80 people.
    (AP, 10/8/98)

1993        T.D. Jakes, a West Virginia preacher who ran a Pentecostal church in Dallas, published "The Lady, Her Lover and Her Lord." It was a self-help guide peppered with scripture. In 1998 the title was followed up with a gospel-pop album of the same name as "sacred music for married couple."
    (WSJ, 8/21/98, p.A1)

1993        Federal Judge Lucius Bunton (d.2001 at 76) forced the legislature to establish the Edwards Aquifer Authority to regulate pumping from the 175-mile aquifer of San Antonio.
    (SFC, 1/20/01, p.A24)

1993        Enron Corp. persuaded the SEC to grant it an exemption from the depression-era Public Utility Holding Company Act that prevented utilities from diversifying into unrelated businesses.
    (SSFC, 2/24/02, p.D1)

1993        Hearst Corp. acquired the San Antonio Express-News.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1993        A US project to build a 23-km particle accelerator near Waxahachie, Texas, was cancelled after nearly $2 billion had been spent.
    (Econ, 4/29/06, p.84)

1993        The 12-year-old step-daughter of Ricky McGinn was raped and hacked to death with an ax. McGinn was convicted for the murder and sentenced to death. In 2000 DNA tests confirmed his guilt and he was executed Sep 27.
    (SFC, 6/2/00, p.A3)(SFC, 8/16/00, p.A3)(WSJ, 9/28/00, p.A1)

1993        Texas executed 17 inmates.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A17)

1994        Jan 30, The Dallas Cowboys repeated as NFL champions as they defeated the Buffalo Bills, 30-13, in the Super Bowl. It was the fourth straight Super Bowl loss for the Bills.
    (AP, 1/30/99)

 1994        Feb 11, A judge in Fort Worth, Texas, ordered Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison acquitted of ethics charges after prosecutors refused to present their case.
    (AP, 2/11/04)

1994        Feb 26, A jury in San Antonio acquitted 11 followers of David Koresh of murder, rejecting claims they had ambushed federal agents; five were convicted of manslaughter.
    (AP, 2/26/99)

1994        Mar 29, Dallas Cowboys coach Jimmy Johnson resigned, capping a longstanding feud with team owner Jerry Jones.
    (AP, 3/29/04)

1994        Apr, Napoleon Beazley (17) shot and killed John Luttig (63), the father of a federal judge, in a carjacking in Tyler. Beazley’s scheduled execution in 2001, was delayed. Beazley was executed May 28, 2002.
    (SFC, 8/14/01, p.A3)(SFC, 8/16/01, p.A3)(SFC, 5/29/02, p.A4)

1994        Jun 22, The Houston Rockets defeated the New York Knicks 90-84 to win the NBA championship.
    (AP, 6/22/99)

1994        Jul 3, Thirty-one people died in three separate crashes on Texas highways.
    (AP, 7/3/9)

1994        Oct 16, Heavy rains began drenching southeast Texas, resulting in floods that left 20 dead and forced 14,000 from their homes in 35 counties.
    (AP, 10/16/99)

1994        Trieu Viet Le and 5 other men staged an armed robbery for microchips of the Cyrix Corp. in Richardson, Texas. Le was indicted in 1999.
    (SFC, 3/10/99, p.A20)

1994        The educational Knowledge Is Power Program (KIPP) was launched in Houston, Texas. Its main motto was “Work Hard. Be Nice.”
    (Econ, 7/11/09, SR p.6)(www.kipp.org/01/)

1994        Hearst acquired Associated Publ. Co., a publisher of "yellow pages" directories in Texas.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)

1994        Texas executed 14 inmates.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A17)

1995        Jan 17, George W. Bush (b.1946) began serving as the 46th governor of Texas. Bush had already picked Alberto Gonzales (b.1955) as his general counsel.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_W._Bush)(Econ, 7/14/07, p.38)

1995        Jan 20, Bruno Jordan, suit salesman and brother a drug enforcement officer, was shot dead in El Paso. In 2002 Charles Bowden authored "Down By the River," an account of the murder and narcotics traffickers.
    (NW, 1/13/03, p.61)

1995        Mar 31, Mexican-American singer Selena, 23, was shot to death in Corpus Christi, Texas, by the founder of her fan club. Yolanda Saldivar was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 3/31/97)

1995        Apr 1, More than 1,500 mourners attended a vigil for Mexican-American singer Selena in Corpus Christi, Texas, where she had been shot to death the day before.
    (AP, 4/1/00)

1995        Apr 18, The Houston Post closed after 116 years.
    (AP, 4/18/00)(MC, 4/18/02)

1995        May 5, Thunderstorms began tearing through North Texas, claiming two dozen lives.
    (AP, 5/5/00)

1995        May 19, AMC Entertainment Inc. opened the 1st multi-theater film megaplex, the Grand 24, in Dallas, Texas.
    (SFC, 5/19/05, p.C3)(WSJ, 5/13/97, p.B1)

1995        Aug 4, J. Howard Marshall II, Texas oil tycoon and alumnus of Haverford College, Pa., died. In 1994 Marshall had married Playboy Playmate Anna Nicole Smith (26). In 2002, a federal judge ruled that the dying 90-year-old truly loved his then 26-year-old wife and awarded her $88 million in a court fight with Marshall’s son. In 2004 an appeals court reversed the judgment. In 2010 a federal appeals court recognized a 2001 jury verdict in Texas that determined an irrevocable trust and will leaving $1.6 billion to Pierce Marshall was valid.
    (www.lasc.org/opinions/97cc1718.opn.pdf)(AP, 12/31/04)(SFC, 3/20/10, p.A6)

1995        Aug, In Austin, Texas, Madalyn Murray O’Hair, leader of United Secularists of America, disappeared with her son and granddaughter and more than $600,000 in funds from her various organizations. Her diaries, some 2,000 pages, were scheduled to be auctioned in 1999. The IRS filed an affidavit in 1999 against David Waters and 3 others in relation to suspected murders and theft. In 1999 Waters (52) was sentenced to 60 years in prison for skimming over $50,000 from the atheist organization. Waters was later given another 8 year sentence on a federal weapons charge. [See Oct 3.] In 2001 bones were found on the ranch where she was believed to have been buried following an agreement between Waters and prosecutors. All 3 bodies were identified in Mar.
    (SFEC, 3/3/97, p.A4)(SFC, 1/12/99, p.A4)(SFC, 5/27/99, p.A3)(SFC, 8/12/99, p.3)(SFC, 8/21/99, p.A3)(SSFC, 1/28/01, p.A2)(WSJ, 3/16/00, p.A1)

1995        Oct 3, In Texas three young crooks stole a suitcase from a walk-in storage locker in North Austin. The suitcase contained some $80,000 in coins stashed by Gary Karr, David Roland Waters and Danny Raymond Fry, who were implicated in the disappearance of atheist Madalyn Murray O’Hair.
    (SFC, 6/3/00, p.A7)

1995        Oct 23, A jury in Houston convicted Yolanda Saldivar of murdering Tejano singing star Selena.
    (AP, 10/23/00)

1995        Dec 4, Diane Zamora and David Graham, high school sweethearts, killed Adrienne Jones (16). Jones and Graham had had sex and the murder was reported as an appeasement to Zamora. Graham went on to the Air Force Academy at Colorado Springs. The murder remained a mystery until Zamora confided her story to classmates at the Annapolis Naval Academy in Sep 1996. Zamora later testified that Graham shot and killed Jones. Zamora was convicted in Feb, 1998, and received a life sentence with possible parole after 40 years. Graham was convicted in July, 1998, and received an automatic life sentence.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, p.A6)(SFC, 2/11/98, p.A3)(SFC, 2/18/98, p.A3)(SFC, 7/25/98, p.A3)

1995        Texas passed the "veggie libel" law that protected perishable food products from false and defamatory statements.
    (SFC, 1/21/98, p.A3)

1995        In Houston a test pilot demonstrated a backpack rocket contraption and flew over the Houston Ship Channel for 28 seconds. The rocket belt was built by Larry Stanley and Brad Parker in a shop that belonged to Joe Wright. In 1994 Barker beat Stanley with a hammer. Stanley sued Barker and Wright for conspiracy to seize the belt for their own benefit. Wright was bludgeoned to death July 16, 1998. In 1999 Stanley won a default judgment for over $10 million in damages and the return of the RB-2000 belt, which was still missing.
    (SFC, 7/27/99, p.A6)(SFC, 7/28/99, p.A7)

1995        Texas executed 19 inmates.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A17)

1995        J. Howard Marshall, oilman, died at age 90 and left a fortune estimated at $1.6 billion. He had married Anna Nicole Smith, a Houston stripper in 1994. In 2000 a court awarded Smith $449.7 million based on her "widow’s election" and overrode a will that bequeathed the fortune to Marshall’s youngest son. Smith accepted a $475 million court award in 2001. A federal judge later nullified the court award.
    (SFC, 9/28/00, p.A2)(SFC, 1/6/01, p.A2)(SFC, 5/25/01, p.A3)

1996        Jan 14, The Pittsburgh Steelers defeated the Indianapolis Colts, 20-to-16, to win the AFC championship. The Dallas Cowboys beat the Green Bay Packers, 38-to-27, to win the NFC championship.
    (AP, 1/14/01)

1996        Jan 28, In Super Bowl XXX the Dallas Cowboys captured their third Super Bowl victory in four years, beating the Pittsburgh Steelers 27-to-17.
    (AP, 1/28/01)

1996        Apr 16, Oprah Winfrey hosted her evening show and included a segment on mad cow disease. A group of Texas cattle ranchers later sued her for her comments. The case was initially a test of the state’s 1995 "veggie libel" law that protected perishable food products from false and defamatory statements, but was ruled to proceed as a common-law business defamation case. Texas jury selection in the trial of Oprah began Jan 20 and she was acquitted by the jury on Feb 26, 1998.
    (SFC, 1/21/98, p.A3)(www.cnn.com/US/9802/26/oprah.verdict/)

1996        May 24, Jayla Belton (2) died of internal injuries. An 11-year-old girl was convicted of murder and sentenced to 25 years. In 1999 the conviction was overturned because police obtained her statements illegally.
    (SFC, 4/16/99, p.A3)

1996        Jun 27, A Dallas police officer was charged with trying to hire a hit man to kill football star Michael Irvin; Johnnie Hernandez later pleaded guilty to solicitation of capital murder. He was sentenced to serve two concurrent six-year prison terms, and was paroled in 1998.
    (AP, 6/27/06)

1996        Sep 3, In Texas Grady Alexander (80) and his wife Bessie (86) were found beaten and stabbed to death at their home in Lamar County. Larry Wooten was later convicted with DNA evidence and sentenced to death. He was executed on Oct 21, 2010.
    (SFC, 10/22/10, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/28vmk8u)

1996        Dec 22, Eight workers were killed in an explosion at the Wyman Gordon Forgings metal-fabricating plant in northwest Houston. They had been doing maintenance on 9-story pressurized tanks.
    (SFC, 12/24/96, p.A3)(AP, 12/22/97)

1996        Laura Bush founded the Texas Book Festival.
    (WSJ, 9/4/01, p.A19)
1996        In a Dallas suburb 14 teenagers and young adults died after using a potent "uncut" Mexican heroin.
    (SFC, 6/2/98, p.A6)

1997        Jan 1, Townes Van Zandt (1944-1997) Texas songwriter, died. His work included the 1983 song "Pancho and Lefty," sung by Merle Haggard and Willie Nelson.
    (SFC, 1/3/97, p.A26)(SFC, 1/4/97, p.E1)(WSJ, 6/25/03, p.D8)

1997        Feb 17, Angela Peck was stabbed in the back and the neck by Carl Wayne Thomas (21), a security guard. She pleaded for mercy and promised to blame the attack on a fictitious character. Thomas agreed and summoned aid. She later told the truth and Thomas confessed. he agreed to a 42-year prison sentence for attempted murder.
    (SFC, 10/13/97, p.A9)

1997        Apr 16, Doris Angleton, wife of former bookie Robert Angleton, was found shot to death in River Oaks, Houston. Roger Angleton, Robert’s brother, confessed to the murder in a suicide note in Feb 1998.
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A4)

1997        Apr 27, A Texas militia group, called Republic of Texas, took 2 hostages at the Davis Mountain Resort community. They advocated independence for the state. The hostages were released later the next day in exchange for a jailed comrade, but the standoff continued. Richard McLaren and Robert Otto were later captured, convicted and sentenced to 99 and 50 years in prison. Acquittal on kidnapping charges against McLaren and Otto were handed down by an Appeals court in 1999.
    (WSJ, 4/29/97, p.A1)(SFC, 4/29/97, p.A1)(SFC, 8/28/99, p.A5)

1997        Apr 30, Sarah Patterson (11) was sexually assaulted and murdered with her throat slit near Fort Worth, Texas. Her brother was beaten, but survived and later testified against Bobby Wayne Woods. Woods (44) was executed on Dec 3, 2009.
    (SFC, 12/4/09, p.A18)(www.prodeathpenalty.com/Pending/08/jan08.htm)

1997        May 2, In Texas Robert Scheidt surrendered to police and left behind 7 people of the Republic of Texas under the leadership of Richard McLaren. The number of separatists was reduced to 7 from an earlier estimate of 13.
    (SFC, 5/3/97, p.A3)

1997        May 3, The standoff in Texas with the Republic of Texas ended. Two militia members fled into the Davis mountains while 5 surrendered peacefully.
    (SFEC, 5/4/97, p.A1)

1997        May 27, A tornado hit Cedar Park, [Jarrell] Texas, and left at least 32 [27] people dead. It cut a swath from Austin to Waco.
    (SFC, 5/28/97, p.A1)(SFC, 5/29/97, p.A3)(AP, 5/27/98)

1997        Jun 4, In Lubbock, Texas, Michael Rosales, a parole violator, beat and used kitchen tools to kill Mary Felder (67) during a robbery at her apartment. Rosales (35) was executed on April 16, 2009.
    (SFC, 4/16/09, p.A6)(www.oag.state.tx.us/oagnews/release.php?id=2917)

1997        Jun 18, Irineo Montoya, a Mexican laborer, was executed by the state of Texas for a 1985 killing despite protests by the Mexican government.
    (AP, 6/18/98)

1997        Jun 23, Two freight trains collided in Texas near San Antonio and 4 people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/24/97, p.A2)

1997        Jul 24, A Dallas jury awarded $120 million in damages against the local Roman Catholic diocese that ignored evidence that the priest, Rudolph Kos, sexually abused a number of altar boys from 1977-1992. Kos was suspended in 1992. Kos pleaded guilty to 3 sex abuse charges in 1998.
    (SFC, 7/25/97, p.A1)(SFC, 3/25/98, p.A3)

1997        Aug 30, Philip Noel Johnson, an armored car driver believed to have stolen $22 million, was arrested at the Texas border. Johnson later pleaded guilty to charges of kidnapping, money laundering and interfering with interstate commerce. He was sentenced to 25 years in prison.
    (AP, 8/30/02)

1997        Sep, In Dallas, Texas, the Walt Whitman Community School began classes as the nation’s first private high school for gay students.
    (SFC, 5/11/98, p.A3)

1997        Nov 5, The Enron executive committee approved several hundred million in loan guarantees for a new partnership named Chewbacca, to be partly owned and run independently by Enron executive Michael Kopper. This set a pattern for transactions that inflated earnings and kept debt hidden.
    (WSJ, 2/1/02, p.A1)

1997        Nov 6, The $83 million George Bush Presidential Library and Museum was dedicated on the campus of Texas A&M Univ. at College Station.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.A3)

1997        Nov 19, Michael Eugene Sharp became the 35th condemned killer to be put to death this year in Texas. He used the Internet to distribute his last words. He had abducted a woman and her 2 young daughters, sexually abused them, and fatally stabbed the mother and youngest daughter.
    (SFC,11/20/97, p.A3)

1997        Nov 21, Charlie Livingston was executed by lethal injection for the Aug 10, 1983 murder of Janet Caldwell (38).
    (SFC,11/22/97, p.A11)

1997        Dec 2, In Texas Alberto Gonzales (b.1955), the general counsel to Gov. George W. Bush, began serving as the Sec. of State.
    (www.whitehouse.gov/government/gonzales-bio.html)(Econ, 7/14/07, p.38)

1997        Dec 6, Lee Patrick Brown was elected as the first black mayor of Houston.
    (SFC,12/897, p.A6)

1997        Dec 9, Michael Lee Lockhart was put to death by lethal injection for the 1988 murder of a Beaumont police officer. He was also wanted by Florida and Indiana where in 1987 he killed a 14-year old girl and 16 year-old girl. He was the 37th to be executed by Texas this year.
    (SFC,12/10/97, p.A3)

1997        Dec 26, It was reported that the Emu market had collapsed and that the 100-pound birds were roaming the Texas countryside and being slaughtered by frustrated owners.
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.A4)

1997        The Dallas Zoo claimed the largest sculpture in the state with a giant giraffe built by Robert Cassilly of St. Louis. His piece surpassed the giant statue of Sam Houston made by sculptor David Adickes.
    (WSJ, 1/18/06, p.A6)
1997        In Sugarland, Tx., Ira P.H. Poon spent $20 million to open his Forbidden Gardens museum, a 1/20th scale replica of the Forbidden City in Beijing along with a replica of the tomb of Qin Shi Huang.
    (SFC, 8/23/99, p.A3,4)
1997        Yvonne Gonzalez, superintendent of the Dallas school district, pleaded guilty to fraud and embezzlement of $10,000 that she used to furnish her home.
    (SFC, 4/23/99, p.A21)
1997        Enron won exemption from the Investment Company Act of 1940 which allowed it to leave debt from foreign power plants off its books.
    (SSFC, 2/24/02, p.D1)

1998        Jan 16, Texas settled with the tobacco industry for $15.3 billion.
    (SFC, 1/17/98, p.A6)

1998        Jan 20, In Texas jury selection in the multi-million-dollar lawsuit trial of Oprah Winfrey began. She was being sued by Texas cattlemen for remarks on her Apr 16, 1996 show about mad cow disease. The case was initially a test of the state’s 1995 "veggie libel" law that protected perishable food products from false and defamatory statements, but was ruled to proceed as a common-law business defamation case. Winfrey won the case on Feb 26.
    (SFC, 1/21/98, p.A3)(www.cnn.com/US/9802/26/oprah.verdict/)

1998        Feb 3, In Texas Karla Faye Tucker (38) was executed by lethal injection with sodium thiopental for the 1983 pickax slaying of 2 people during a break-in in 1983. She was the first woman executed in the United States since 1984.
    (SFC, 2/4/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/4/98, p.R4)(AP, 2/3/99)

1998        Feb 17, A jury in Fort Worth, Texas, convicted former Naval Academy midshipman Diane Zamora (20) of killing a 16-year-old romantic rival. Zamora and her ex-boyfriend, former US Air Force Academy cadet David Graham, were sentenced to life in prison in the slaying of Adrianne Jones.   
    (AP, 2/17/08)

1998        Feb 26, A jury in Amarillo, Texas, rejected an $11 million lawsuit brought by Texas cattlemen who blamed Oprah Winfrey's talk show for a price fall after a segment on food safety that included a discussion about mad-cow disease.
    (AP, 2/26/99)

1998        Mar 17, In Texas Joe Collins (64) was killed during a break-in at his home outside Nagadoches. In 2009 Khristian Oliver (32) was executed for beating and shooting Collins.
    (www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/APStories/stories/D9BPMCQO0.html)

1998        Apr 25, Three teenagers were found shot to death in Brownsville.
    (SFC, 4/27/98, p.A5)

1998        May 1, The grand opening of the new 2,056-seat Nancy Lee and Perry R. Bass Performance Hall in Fort Worth was held. It was designed by David M. Schwarz.
    (WSJ, 5/22/98, p.W5)

1998        Jun 5, In Texas an estimated 22,000 trout died in the Guadalupe River after eating dead fire ants that fell into the river after mating.
    (SFC, 6/6/98, p.A4)

1998        Jun 7, James Byrd Junior, a 49-year-old black man, was chained to a pickup truck and dragged to his death in Jasper, Texas. Three white men were arrested; 2 of the men were sentenced to death and the 3rd received life in prison. [see Jun 9]
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A3)(AP, 6/7/00)

1998        Jun 8, In Splendora, Texas, Don Willburn Collins (13) doused Robert Middleton with gasoline on his 8th birthday and set him on fire. Middleton died in 2011 from skin cancer blamed on burns across 99% of his body. In 2014 a judge ruled that Collins could be tried as an adult.
    (SFC, 3/7/14, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/mzfz6pk)

1998        Jun 9, Three white men, Shawn Allen Berry (23), Lawrence Russell Brewer (31) and John William King (23), were charged for the Jun 7 murder of James Byrd Jr. King was convicted of murder Feb 23, 1999, and was sentenced to death. Brewer was found guilty of capital murder on Sep 20, 1999 and was sentenced to death Sep 23. Berry was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 6/10/98, p.A3)(SFC, 2/24/99, p.A1)(SFC, 9/14/99, p.A10)(SFC, 9/21/99, p.A3)(SFC, 9/24/99, p.A3)(SFC, 11/19/99, p.A3)

1998        Jun 26, Gov. George W. Bush agreed to commute the death sentence of Henry Lee Lucas in the "Orange Socks" murder case. Lucas was serving 6 life terms, 2 75 year terms and one 60 year term for nine other murders.
    (SFC, 6/27/98, p.A3)

1998        Jun, Clifford Boggess was executed in Huntsville, 12 years after he had murdered 2 old men in separate robberies. A documentary film of his crimes and executions was shown in 1999 on Frontline.
    (SFC, 2/9/99, p.A20)

1998        Jul 7, In Texas 2 Border Patrol agents were killed in a gun battle with Ernest Moore who was suspected of killing a woman and her daughter. Moore soon after died of wounds at a hospital.
    (SFC, 7/8/98, p.A2)

1998        Jul 10, Bringing to a close one of the biggest sex scandals ever to hit the Roman Catholic Church, the Diocese of Dallas agreed to pay $23.4 million to nine former altar boys who said they had been molested by a priest.
    (AP, 7/10/99)

1998        Jul 14, Flash floods hit Tennessee and Alabama and 2 people were reported killed. Meanwhile hot weather in Texas was responsible for some 23 deaths where temperatures hit over 100 for the last 26 days.
    (SFC, 7/15/98, p.A3)

1998        Jul, In Houston six police officers without a warrant stormed the home of Pedro Navarro (22) on a drug tip. No drugs were found and Navarro was killed after being shot 12 times, 9 times in the back. The officers were later fired.
    (SFC, 11/3/98, p.A3)

1998        Aug 24, Tropical Storm Charley dropped a foot of rain on South Texas and northern Mexico and left at least 14 people dead and over 60 missing.
    (SFC, 8/25/98, p.A1)

1998        Sep 8, David Logie (37), an Army major from North Carolina was beaten, robbed and killed by 2 couples on their way to Mexico. In 2010 Billy Galloway and Kevin Varga were executed for their role in the murder of Logie.
    (http://off2dr.com/smf/index.php?topic=7221.0)(SFC, 5/14/10, p.A6)

1998        Sep 11, Tropical Storm Frances hit the middle of the Texas coast. In Louisiana one person was killed and 6 were injured. In Houston the streets were flooded.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.A3)

1998        Oct 8, In Port Arthur an incinerating plant operated by Waste Management began burning a diluted batch of napalm.
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.20A)

1998        Oct 18, A weekend storm in Texas killed at least 14 people after 12 inches of rain fell. The death toll increased to 22 and later 28.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A2)(SFC, 10/21/98, p.A3)(WSJ, 10/23/98, p.A1)

1998        Oct 23, In Texas the Natural Resource Conservation Commission voted against issuing a license for a radioactive waste dump at Sierra Blanca, 16 miles from the Mexican border.
    (SFC, 10/23/98, p.A10)

1998        Oct, Zacchaeus Field was shot to death. John Turnbow was convicted of killing Field, a black man and complete stranger, as a hate crime and sentenced to life in prison in 2001.
    (SFC, 7/4/01, p.A5)

1998        Nov 27, In Texas Martin E. Gurule became the first inmate to escape from Death Row at Huntsville. He was convicted for a double murder in 1992. He was found drowned to death on Dec 3.
    (SFC, 11/28/98, p.A1,8)(SFC, 12/4/98, p.A3)

1998        Dec 16, Philip True (50), a reporter for the San Antonio Express-News, was found dead in a remote mountain range between Jalisco and Nayarit states in Mexico. He went hiking the area Nov 29 to photograph and write about the Huichol Indians and apparently fell into a deep ravine. A coroner’s report later indicated that he had been strangled and dropped into the ravine. In 2002 an appeals court overturned the acquittal of 2 Huichol Indians, who were arrested with True’s camera and backpack. In 2005 Robert Rivard authored “Trail of Feathers: Searching for Philip True.”
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.D6)(SFC, 5/31/02, p.A22)(SSFC, 12/11/05, p.M2)

1998        Dec 20, In Houston Nken Chukwu gave birth to 5 girls and 2 boys 12 days after giving birth to another girl.
    (SFC, 12/21/98, p.A1)

1998        Dec 27, In Texas the smallest of the Chukwu octuplets died.
    (SFC, 12/28/98, p.A1)

1998        In Texas 4 women were convicted of assaulting two nieces of Anna Ramirez, ages 7 and 9, in successive attacks during a week in 1994. The girls had testified that the women held them by their wrists and ankles, attacked them and threatened to kill them. Anna Vasquez was released on parole in November, 2012. Elizabeth Ramirez, Kristie Mayhugh and Cassandra Rivera were released in  2013 after a judge decided to recommend that an appeals court vacate their 1998 convictions as tainted by faulty witness testimony.
    (AP, 11/18/13)
1998        Mark Lund (46) was killed for his $5,000 gun collection by a hit man, Billy Don Williams [Wilson], who was hired by Lund's son Brandon Lund (16). Brandon tried unsuccessfully to renege on the deal. He was convicted and sentenced to 2 years in juvenile prison. Wilson (23) was convicted of capital murder in 1999 and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 4/7/99, p.A2)(SFC, 4/9/99, p.A3)

1999        Jan 21, In Texas LaTausha Curry (25) was abducted while trying to make a call at a pay phone. Derrick Lamone Johnson later confessed that he and an accomplice had raped and murdered her. In 2009 Johnson (25) was executed.
    (SFC, 5/1/09, p.A8)(www.cca.courts.state.tx.us/opinions/73765.htm)

1999        Feb 16, Testimony began in the Jasper, Texas, trial of John William King, charged with murder in the gruesome dragging death of James Byrd Jr. King was accused of beating Byrd with a bat and then dragging him behind a truck until the African-American man died from decapitation. King was later convicted and sentenced to death.
    (AP, 2/16/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Byrd)

1999        Feb 23, A jury in Jasper, Texas convicted white supremacist John William King of murder in the gruesome dragging death of a black man, James Byrd Jr.; King was sentenced to death two days later.
    (SFC, 2/24/99, p.A1)(AP, 2/23/00)

1999        Mar 11, Gov. George W. Bush declared an emergency in 167 of the states 254 counties due to a dry winter and in fear of a summertime drought.
    (SFC, 3/12/99, p.A3)

1999        Mar 29, In Abilene Arthur Goodman (19) killed his girlfriend and 3 of her friends. His girlfriend, Sandy Witt (20) apparently refused to supply him with an alibi in a crime for which he was suspect. Goodman was killed by police the next day when he pointed a gun at officers.
    (SFC, 3/31/99, p.A11)(SFC, 4/1/99, p.A3)

1999        Apr 22, The Dallas Board of Education named SF Superintendent Bill Rojas as its choice to run the Dallas school district. The SF Board of Supervisors were not pleased. Rojas was given a 3-year contract at $260,000 per year plus benefits, and was scheduled to begin work in August.
    (SFC, 4/23/99, p.A1)(SFC, 5/26/99, p.A18)

1999        Apr 28, Plans for the new $20 million Cathedral of Hope church by architect Philip Johnson (92) were unveiled. The congregation consisted primarily of gay and lesbian Christians.
    (SFC, 4/27/99, p.A1)

1999        May 2, Minister Norman Sirnic (46) and his wife Karen (47) were found dead inside their home near railroad track in Weimar. Rafael Resendez-Ramirez was suspected of the murder.
    (SFC, 6/22/99, p.A3)

1999        May 17, The House followed the Senate and approved a bill that designated March 31 as "Cesar Chavez Day."
    (SFC, 5/18/99, p.A3)

1999        May 19, In Houston Troy Blando, a police auto theft detective, was shot and killed. Bicycle patrol officers quickly arrested a suspect.
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.A7)

1999        May 30, Nidia and Patricio Leal were killed when their Ford Explorer skidded into a ditch near Brownsville, Tx., following the unraveling of a Firestone tire. Relatives settled with Bridgestone/Firestone in 2000 in the 1st product liability suit following an August, 2000, tire recall.
    (SFC, 10/24/00, p.A8)

1999        Jun 4, Josephine Konvicka (73) was found slain inside her home in Fayette County. Rafael Resendez-Ramirez was suspected of the murder.
    (SFC, 6/22/99, p.A3)

1999        Jun 5, Noemi Dominguez (26) a Houston schoolteacher was found beaten to death in her home. Rafael Resendez-Ramirez was suspected of the murder.
    (SFC, 6/22/99, p.A3)

1999        Jun 17, It was reported that Rafael Resendez-Ramirez (39), a drifter from Mexico, was being sought for the suspected murders of at least 5 people near railroad tracks between Houston and San Antonio. His real name was later found to be Angel Leoncio Reyes Recendis [Angel Maturino Resendez, Resendiz]. Ramirez surrendered to police in El Paso on July 13. His sister, Manuela Karkiewicz of New Mexico, arranged for the surrender and was awarded $86,000 in reward money. Resendiz was convicted in 2000 for the murder and rape of a doctor. He asked the judge for the death penalty and was sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 6/17/99, p.A3)(SFC, 6/29/99, p.A3)(SFC, 7/14/99, p.A3)(SFC, 7/30/99, p.A6)(SFC, 5/19/00, p.A3)(SFC, 5/23/00, p.A2)

1999        cJun 19, The Dallas Stars won their first Stanley Cup hockey championship by 4 games to 2 over the Buffalo Sabres 2-1 in triple overtime.
    (WSJ, 6/21/99, p.A1)

1999        Jun 25, The San Antonio Spurs beat the New York Knicks 78-77 in their 5th game and clinched the NBA title.
    (SFC, 6/26/99, p.E1)

1999        Jul 13, Angel Maturino Resendiz, suspected of being the "Railroad Killer," surrendered in El Paso, Texas. He was subsequently tried, convicted and executed on July 27, 2006 at Huntsville Prison in Texas. He had been suspected of killings in 15 cases in the United States, Canada and Mexico.
    (AP, 7/13/00)

1999        Jul 20, In Tulia, Texas, an indictment was handed down for the arrest of 46 people on drug charges under the testimony of undercover agent Tom Coleman. A probe into the arrests was opened in 2002 and in 2003 Gov. Rick Perry pardoned 35 defendants. In 2004 45 of those arrested split a $6 million civil rights settlement. In 2005 Tom Coleman, former undercover drug agent, was sentenced to 6 years on probation for perjury in the bogus drug busts. In 2005 Nate Blakeslee authored “Tulia: Race, Cocaine and Corruption in a Small Texas Town.”
    (SFC, 6/3/03, p.A3)(SFC, 8/23/03, p.A3)(SFC, 1/15/05, p.A6)(SSFC, 11/6/05, p.M3)

1999        Aug 6, In Texas a jury awarded Debbie Lovett $23 million for heart-valve problems that she blamed on the diet drug combination fen-phen.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A3)

1999        Aug 14, Some 20 million dead menhaden fish were reported washed up at the banks of the Arroyo Colorado. It was the worst kill in 4 years and low oxygen levels from algal bloom were blamed.
    (SFC, 8/14/99, p.A6)

1999        Aug 22, Hurricane Bret hit the US-Mexican border near Brownsville late on this day. Winds hit 125 mph but the storm missed populated areas.
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, p.A2)(SFC, 8/23/99, p.A1)

1999        Sep 5, The Houston Comets won their third straight WNBA championship, beating the New York Liberty, 59-to-47.
    (AP, 9/5/00)
1999        Sep 5, Katie Webster, blues singer and pianist known as the "Swamp Boogie Queen," died at age 63.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.D6)

1999        Sep 15, In Fort Worth, Texas, lone gunman Larry Gene Ashbrook (47) of Forest Hill killed 7 people, aged 14-36, at the Wedgewood Baptist Church before killing himself.
    (SFC, 9/16/99, p.A1)(USAT, 9/17/99, p.1,3A)

1999        Sep, In Lubbock the new Buddy Holly Museum was scheduled to open on Labor Day.
    (SFEC, 6/7/98, p.T3)

1999        Oct 6, The US NFL voted to place an expansion team in Houston after Bob McNair agreed to pay $700 million for a franchise to begin in 2002.
    (SFC, 10/7/99, p.A1)

1999        Oct 10, In Texas 6 college students were killed just after midnight as they got out of their cars for a party at Tau Kappa Epsilon in College Station. The driver of a pickup had fallen asleep.
    (SFC, 10/11/99, p.A3)

1999        Oct 13, In Texas 3 Pleasanton law officers, Mark Stephenson, Thomas Monse and Terry Miller were shot and killed by Jeremiah Engleton (21), who had been arrested earlier for beating his wife.
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.A8)

2000        Oct, The $25 million renovated Dallas Opera Hall in Fair Park will reopen as the first major museum dedicated to the contributions of women to American life.
    (SFC, 3/19/98, p.A9)

1999        Nov 18, In College Station, Texas, a pyramid of logs for a traditional football bonfire collapsed and killed 11 students. One of 28 injured died the next day.
    (SFC, 11/19/99, p.A1)

1999        Dec 2, Tim Cole (b.1960), an army veteran convicted of a 1985 rape, died in a Texas prison from complications of asthma. In 2008 Cole was cleared by DNA evidence. In 2010 Texas Gov. Rick Perry pardoned Cole in the state’s first posthumous pardon.
    (SFC, 3/2/10, p.A4)(www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=100249923)

1999        Dec 31, Kaylene Harris (13) was killed at her parents mobile home near Del Rio. In 2000 Tommy Lynn Sells (36), a former carnival worker, was sentenced to death for the murder. Authorities said Sells had confessed to at least a dozen murders across the country.
    (SFC, 9/21/00, p.A6)

1999        Houston, Texas, began exchanging titles with Los Angeles, Ca., as having the most polluted air in the United States defined by the number of days each city violates federal smog standards.
    (www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/everydaylife/archives/HP_ILP_Feature_03.html)
1999        Researchers began introducing phorid species in Texas in 1999. As many as 23 phorid species with pathogens attack fire ants to keep their population and movements under control. Fire ants cost the Texas economy about $1 billion annually by damaging circuit breakers and other electrical equipment.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ob57v2)

2000        Jan 1, In Dallas Mitch Maddox, renamed as DotComGuy, began his one year isolation in a house with only a laptop computer to order all his personal needs.
    (SFEC, 1/2/00, p.A19)

2000        Jan 20, Enron Corp. announced a deal with Sun Microsystems in which it would buy 18,000 computer servers, just before it released its earnings statement. It was later learned that at least one Enron partnership removed a hedge to limit price swings and made a gain of $80-100 million as Enron stock soared. The sun deal died within 6 months.
    (WSJ, 2/15/02, p.C1)

2000        Jan 25, In Texas a tanker truck with 9000 gallons of furfural overturned and spilled the toxic chemical, which is used in manufacturing, into a drainage ditch that flows into San Martin Lake. An estimated 6 million fish and dozens of ducks were soon found dead.
    (SFC, 2/12/00, p.A9)

2000        Jan, Mark Cuban, Internet tycoon (Yahoo), bought the Dallas Mavericks basketball team for $280 million.
    (WSJ, 4/22/03, A1)

2000        Feb 12, Tom Landry, former coach of the Dallas Cowboys, died at age 75 in Irving, Tx.
    (WSJ, 2/14/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/16/00, p.A26)

2000        Feb 24, Betty Lou Beets was executed for the 1983 murder of her 5th husband. She was the 2nd woman executed in Texas since the Civil War.
    (SFC, 2/25/00, p.A3)

2000        Mar 4, Homar Hernandez, Tejano songwriter, died at age 57. His compositions included the 1985 hit "Rosas para una Rosa."
    (SFC, 3/11/00, p.A17)

2000        Mar 10, In Texas a medical helicopter crashed and its 3-person crew were killed along with a 4-month-old baby near Dalhart. West of Longview on I-20 a 5 vehicle crash in heavy rain left at least 2 people dead.
    (SFC, 3/11/00, p.A6)

2000        Mar 20, In Texas Robert Wayne Harris (28) shot 5 people to death and critically injured one person at the Mi-T-Fine Car Wash in Irving. Harris was arrested the next day. He had recently been fired for exposing himself to 2 women at the business. Harris was sentenced to death on Sep 29.
    (SFC, 3/21/00, p.A5)(SFC, 3/22/00, p.A4)(SFC, 9/30/00, p.A2)

2000        Mar 28, A tornado hit fort Worth, Texas, and 4 people were killed with over 100 injured. It cut a 2-mile swath and inflicted $450 million in damages.
    (SFC, 3/29/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/6/02, p.A1)

2000        Apr 13, Shareholders led by Edward Rose III of Dallas filed a 58-page suit against the Terayon Communications for securities fraud, one day after the stock fell 26%. Rose, a short seller and founder of Cardinal Investment Co. had partnered with George Bush in the 1989 bid for the Texas Rangers.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A20)

2000        Apr 26, In Texas a prison riot between Blacks and Hispanics left one person dead and 31 injured.
    (WSJ, 4/27/00, p.A1)

2000        Apr, Gov. George W. Bush signed a proclamation that declared June 10 to be Jesus Day.
    (SFEC, 8/6/00, p.A14)

2000        May 4, Tommy Ray Jackson (43) was executed for the 1983 murder of Rosalind Robison (24), a student at the Univ. of Texas. Jackson was arrested driving her car and carrying her bank teller card but maintained his innocence to the end.
    (SFC, 5/5/00, p.A6)

2000        Jun 8, A Texas appeals court declared the state’s 1860 sodomy law unconstitutional. Criminal penalties for partners of the opposite sex were dropped in 1974.
    (SFC, 6/9/00, p.A4)

2000        Jun 10, Jesus Day. In April Gov. George W. Bush signed a proclamation that declared June 10 to be Jesus Day.
    (SFEC, 8/6/00, p.A14)

2000        Jun 22, In Texas Gary Graham was executed for the 1981 murder of Bobby Lambert near a Houston supermarket. Graham claimed his innocence to the very end.
    (SFC, 6/23/00, p.A3)

2000        Jun 29, Jessy Carlos San Miguel was executed by lethal injection for the 1991 shooting spree that left 4 people dead in a Taco Bell restaurant.
    (SFC, 6/30/00, p.A10)

2000        Jul 14, In Waco, Texas, a federal jury decided that federal agents were not responsible for the deaths of 80 Branch Davidians in 1993.
    (SFC, 7/15/00, p.A1)

2000        Aug 9, In Texas Brian Keith Roberson (36) was executed for the 1986 stabbing deaths of an elderly couple in Dallas. Oliver Cruz (33) was executed for the 1988 abduction, rape and fatal stabbing of a 24-year-old woman in San Antonio. Cruz’s IQ tests measured as low as 63.
    (SFC, 8/10/00, p.A2)(SFC, 11/15/00, p.A11)

2000        Sep 5, Oyster harvesting was shut down in Galveston Bay as a large toxic algal bloom began to spread from the Texas Gulf Coast to the Florida panhandle. Million of fish began to die.
    (SFC, 9/30/00, p.B10)

2000        Oct 3, HUD officials took over the Beaumont Housing Authority due to patterns of discrimination that dated back to the 1960s.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.A3)

2000        Oct 11, Sheriff’s Sgt. Rudy Lopes (42) was found bound and shot to death in San Antonio.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.A21)

2000        Oct 17, Police in San Francisco captured Joshua Maxwell and Tessie McFarland of Indianapolis, wanted for killings in two states following a gun-shooting chase. Maxwell and McFarland were wanted for the murder of Sgt. Rudy Lopes in San Antonio, Texas, and for the murder of Robby Bott in Brooklyn, Indiana.
    (SFC, 10/18/00, p.A1,5)

2000        Nov 3, Five people died in central Texas over the last 2 days in car accidents due to flooding.
    (SFEC, 11/5/00, p.A7)

2000        Dec 5, Garry Dean Miller (33) was executed for the 1988 rape and murder of a 7-year-old girl. Miller was the 38th person executed in Texas this year.
    (SFC, 12/6/00, p.A13)

2000        Dec 7, In Texas Claude Howard Jones was executed for the Nov 14, 1989, slaying of Allen Hilzendager in Point Blank. Jones was the 40th execution this year and the 239th since 1982. Jones was executed based on a single hair as evidence from the liquor store killing. DNA analysis later found the strand of hair did not belong to Jones.
    (SFC, 12/8/00, p.D4)(SFC, 11/12/10, p.A9)(http://tinyurl.com/33p23qm)

2000        Dec 13, Seven inmates made a daring escape from the maximum security the Connally Unit state prison in Kenedy, Texas. Police in Colorado caught 4 escaped convicts on Jan 22, 2001. A 5th committed suicide. The 2 at large were caught Jan 23. The surviving six were sentenced to death for killing a Dallas-area police officer during a robbery.
    (SFC, 12/15/00, p.A11)(SFC, 1/23/01, p.A3)(SFC, 1/24/01, p.A2)(AP, 12/13/05)   

2000        Dec 21, President-elect George W. Bush resigned as governor of Texas; Lt. Gov. Rick Perry (Republican) was sworn in to replace him.
    (AP, 12/21/01)(SFC, 12/22/00, p.A11)

2000        Dec 24, A group of 7 escaped convicts robbed a sporting goods store in Irving, Texas; a police officer, Aubrey Hawkins, was killed during the robbery. George Rivas, a recent escapee from Connally State prison, killed the officer during a holdup at a sporting goods store. Rivas was convicted for the murder in 2001 and was executed on Aug 14, 2008.
    (SFC, 8/22/01, p.A4)(SFC, 8/30/01, p.A6)(AP, 12/24/05)(AP, 8/15/08)

2000        Dec 28, In the US recent bad weather was blamed for 41 deaths: including 22 in Texas and 11 in Oklahoma.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A6)

2000-2001    Nurse Vickie Dawn Jackson injected 10 Texas hospital patients with lethal drug doses at Nocona General Hospital. In 2006 Jackson pleaded no contest to capital murder and was sentenced to life in prison.
    (WSJ, 10/6/06, p.A1)(http://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory?id=2531512)

2001        Jan 24, The last two of seven escaped convicts from Texas were captured in Colorado after 42 days on the run; four others were captured earlier, and one committed suicide.
    (AP, 1/24/02)

2001        Feb 12, In Katy Timothy Lee Rumsey (42) shot to death his 2 children and a step daughter and then killed himself.
    (SFC, 2/13/01, p.D2)

2001        Feb, Tom Lea, writer and artist, died at age 93. His books included "The Brave Bulls" and "The Wonderful Country," which was made into a film in 1959. He also authored "A Picture Gallery," "In the Crucible of the Sun" and "The Hands of Cantu."
    (SFC, 7/2/97, p.E2)

2001        Apr 5, Wang Zhizhi of China, 7 feet and 1 inch tall, made his NBA debut for the Dallas Mavericks. Wang Zhizhi became the first Chinese player to play in the NBA when he took the court for Dallas against Atlanta. He scored six points and grabbed three rebounds as the Mavericks beat the Hawks 108-to-94.
    (SSFC, 4/15/01, p.A17)(AP, 4/5/02)

2001        May 2, In Dallas John Battaglia (45), accountant, shot and killed his 2 daughters Liberty (6) and Faith (9). Battaglia was convicted of murder in 2002.
    (SFC, 5/4/01, p.A7)(SFC, 4/25/02, p.A7)

2001        May 11, Gov. Rick Perry signed the James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Act.
    (SFC, 5/12/01, p.A3)

2001        Jun 10, Tropical storm Allison hung over Texas and Louisiana and killed at least 16 people. Pres. Bush declared 28 counties disaster areas due to flooding.
    (SSFC, 6/10/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 6/11/01, p.A1)

2001        Jun 17, Gov. Rick Perry vetoed legislation that would have put a ban on the execution of mentally retarded criminals.
    (SFC, 6/18/01, p.A3)

2001        Jun 19, Juan Raul Garza (44), Texas drug kingpin, was executed by injection in Terra Haute, Ind. He was the 2nd federal inmate to die since 1963.
    (SFC, 6/20/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 6/20/01, p.A1)

2001        Jun 20, Andrea Yates (36) of Houston, Texas, drowned her 5 children, ages 6 months to 7 years, at her home near the Johnson Space Center. Yates had been under medication for post-partum depression. In 2002 a jury found Yates guilty of capital murder and sentenced her to life in prison. Her conviction was overturned in 2005 by an appeals court which ruled a prosecution expert witness gave false testimony at her trial. In 2006 a jury found her not guilty by reason of insanity.
    (SFC, 6/21/01, p.A6)(SFC, 3/13/02, p.A1)(SFC, 3/16/02, p.A1)(AP, 1/6/05)(SFC, 7/27/06, p.A3)

2001        Jul 18, A natural gas well exploded in buffalo and 2 people were killed.
    (SFC, 7/19/01, p.A6)

2001        Jul 20, Vanessa Leggett, a fledgling crime writer, was jailed on contempt charges for refusing to hand over her research notes on Robert Angleton to a federal grand jury. Leggett was released Jan 4, 2002.
    (SFC, 1/4/02, p.A17)(SFC, 1/5/02, p.A6)

2001        Jul, Mel Spillman, San Antonio probate clerk, was arrested in a sting operation. He had stolen some $5 million over the last 15 years from the estates of at least 122 people. He pleaded guilty and faced 10 years in prison.
    (SFC, 5/18/02, p.A16)

2001        Aug 8, US Federal authorities announced the arrests of 100 people nationwide in an Internet child pornography operation, Landslide Productions Inc., based in Fort Worth, Tx.
    (SFC, 8/9/01, p.A3)

2001        Aug 14, Jeffrey K. Skilling stepped down as CEO of Enron Corp. after 6 months in the top job.
    (SFC, 2/7/02, p.A8)
2001        Aug 14, In Houston 3 people died from heroin overdoses and joined 15 others who died over the weekend.
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A4)

2001        Aug 2, Houston launched SimHouston, a program to provide each of its 1.8 million residents with free e-mail accounts and access to word processing software.
    (SFC, 8/21/01, p.C1)

2001        Aug 15, A Texas appeals court halted the execution of Napoleon Beazley just hours before he was scheduled to die for a murder he had committed as a teenager. He was executed in May 2002.
    (AP, 8/15/02)

2001        Aug 29, George Rivas, the ringleader of the biggest prison breakout in Texas history, was sentenced to death for killing an Irving, Tx., policeman, Aubrey Hawkins, while on the run.
    (AP, 8/29/02)

2001        Sep 25, A Texas man allegedly shot and killed his wife and neighbor, who had become her boyfriend. On March 7, 2012, Keith Thurmond was executed for the murders and continued to express his innocence unto death.
    (SFC, 3/8/12, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/72zcj8g)

2001        Sep 15, Four barges smashed into the Queen Isabella Causeway between South Padre Island and the mainland. At least 5 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 9/16/01, p.A28)(SFC, 9/17/01, p.A18)

2001        Oct 4, In Texas Barry Bonds hit his 70th home run to tie Mark McGwire's 1998 record in a 10-2 victory over Houston. Rickey Henderson homered to pass Ty Cobb and become baseball's career leader in runs scored with 2,246 during San Diego's 6-3 win over Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 10/5/01, p.A1)(AP, 10/4/02)
2001        Oct 4, In Texas Mark Stroman (b.1969), in the wake of 9/11, went on a shooting spree targeting people of Middle Eastern descent killing 2 people and wounding a third. The victims were from South Asia. Stroman was later convicted and sentenced to death. He was executed on July 20, 2011.
    (SFC, 7/21/11, p.A9)(www.tdcj.state.tx.us/stat/stromanmark.htm)
   
2001        Oct 15, In Texas the last 2 of 5 escaped convicts were captured after one shot another and freed a farm couple that was held hostage.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.B6)

2001        Oct 16, Robert Durst failed to appear for a court hearing in the dismemberment death of Morris Black (71) in Galveston, Texas. Durst was also a suspect in the Dec, 2000, shooting death of author Susan Berman. In 1982 Kathleen Durst (29) had disappeared after spending a weekend at the family cottage in South Salem. Robert Durst, her husband, reported her missing Feb 5. Durst was arrested Nov 30, 2001, in Bethlehem, Pa., for shoplifting. A Texas jury acquitted Durst of Black's murder in 2003.
    (SFC, 10/13/01, p.A15)(SFC, 12/1/01, p.A3)(SFC, 11/12/03, p.A1)

2001        Oct 21, A moratorium against state collection of Internet taxes was due to expire.
    (SFC, 8/21/01, p.C2)

2001        Oct 24, In Montgomery, Texas, Michael James Perry and Jason Burkett fatally shot Sandra Stotler (50), her son Adam Stotler and Jeremy Richardson (18), with a shotgun. Perry (28) was executed in 2010.
    (http://off2dr.com/modules/extcal/event.php?event=324)

2001        Oct 26, In Fort Worth, Texas, Chante Jawan Mallard (25), a nurse's aide, ran into Gregory Biggs (37), a homeless man, after a night of partying. Biggs was left to die in the windshield. In 2003 Mallard was convicted of murder and sentenced to 50 years in prison.
    (SFC, 6/27/03, p.A13)

2001        Oct 27, The body of an unidentified woman was found in a Montgomery County lake. 2 men were arrested 3 days later and told authorities that there were 2 more bodies south of lake Conroe, where the bodies of 2 teenage boys were found.
    (SFC, 11/1/01, p.C2)

2001        Oct, A one-day workshop on deflecting asteroids was held at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston. The B612 Foundation formed soon thereafter to promote an asteroid defense system. B612 is the asteroid home of the Little Prince in Antoine de Saint-Exupery's child's story The Little Prince.
    (SFCM, 10/8/06, p.13)(www.b612foundation.org)

2001        Nov 16, Texas storms abated and left 9 people dead.
    (SFC, 11/17/01, p.A15)

2001        Nov 30, Enron executives awarded themselves big bonuses 2 days before the company filed for bankruptcy (Dec 2). They soon reneged on severance pay promised to 4,500 laid-off employees.
    (SFC, 2/6/02, p.A1)

2001        Dec 2, Enron Corp. under CEO Kenneth Lay filed for bankruptcy. Employee fury in Nov persuaded Lay to give up a severance package worth about $60 million.
    (SFC, 12/30/01, p.D8)

2001        Dec 5, Marjorie Dabney (70) of Bakersfield, Ca., disappeared from the Dallas-Fort Worth Airport. In 2008 DNA evidence identified her remains, which were found in a field 15 miles from the airport.
    (SFC, 12/8/08, p.A4)

2001        Dec 22, A cloned cat was born following a year of experimentation by scientists at Texas A&M.
    (SFC, 2/15/02, p.A1)

2001        Dec 28, Oklahoma led the US in prisoner executions this year over Texas in with 18 vs. 17.
    (SFC, 12/28/01, p.A9)

2002        Jan 22, Stanley Marcus (b.1905), former president and chairman of the Texas based Nieman Marcus department store chain, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanley_Marcus)

2002        Jan 23, Enron CEO Kenneth Lay (59) resigned under pressure.
    (SFC, 1/23/02, p.A1)

2002        Jan 25, J. Clifford Baxter, a former Enron vice-chairman, was found dead of apparent suicide in Sugar Land, a Houston suburb.
    (SFC, 1/26/02, p.A1)(SFC, 4/12/02, p.A14)

2002        Feb 6-7, The 4 inmates who escaped from the Montague County Jail on Jan 28 were captured in Ardmore, Oklahoma.
    (SFC, 2/8/02, p.A2)

2002        Feb 8, In Texas a $60 million casino run by the Tigua Indians was shut down following lobbying efforts by religious activist Ralph Reed and Washington lobbyists Jack Abramoff and Michael Scanlon. Abramoff and Scanlon then persuaded the tribe to pay $4.2 million to lobby Congress to reopen it. Senate hearings on the process opened in 2004.
    (SSFC, 9/26/04, p.A10)

2002        Feb 23, James D. Smallwood Jr. (33) shot and killed his 3 children and then himself outside the home of his estranged wife in Throckmorton.
    (SFC, 2/25/02, p.A5)

2002        Feb 26, Former Enron chief executive Jeffrey Skilling, at times combative, insisted during a Senate hearing that he knew nothing about manipulation of company books and denied misleading Congress as alleged by some lawmakers and Enron officials.
    (AP, 2/26/07)

2002        Mar 12, In Houston a jury found Andrea Pia Yates (37) guilty of capital murder for drowning her 5 children. On Mar 15 she was sentenced to life in prison. Her conviction was overturned in 2005 by an appeals court which ruled a prosecution expert witness gave false testimony at her trial. In 2006 a jury found her not guilty by reason of insanity.
    (SFC, 3/13/02, p.A1)(SFC, 3/16/02, p.A1)(SFC, 7/27/06, p.A3)

2006        Mar 13, Deadly tornadoes raked the Midwest while wildfires scorched the Texas Panhandle.
    (AP, 3/13/07)

2002        Mar 15, A Houston jury spared Andrea Yates’ life after prosecutors stopped short of demanding the death penalty for the tormented mother who’d drowned her five children in the bathtub. Yates was sentenced to life in prison; however, she was later acquitted by reason of insanity in a retrial.
    (AP, 3/15/07)
2002        Mar 15, In Lewisville, Texas, Jackson Carr (6) was killed and buried by his older sister (15) and brother (10). His body was found the next day.
    (SFC, 4/17/02, p.A5)

2002        Mar, In Freeport, Texas, a group of private investors formed Freeport Waterfront Properties with hopes of developing a private marina. Their development plans led to the city’s filing for eminent domain to acquire land owned by Western Seafood, a private shrimping business. In 2007 Carla T. Main authored “Bulldozed,” an account of this ongoing struggle.
    (WSJ, 12/18/07, p.D5)

2002        May 5, A tornado in Texas killed 2 people.
    (SFC, 5/6/02, p.A3)

2002        May 28, Napoleon Beazley (26) was executed for the 1994 murder of John Luttig (63), the father of a federal judge, in a botched carjacking in Tyler.
    (SFC, 8/14/01, p.A3)(SFC, 8/16/01, p.A3)(SFC, 5/29/02, p.A4)

2002        Jun 2, C. Dana Rice (47), senior VP and treasurer at El Paso Corp., was found dead by suicide at his Houston suburb home.
    (WSJ, 6/4/02, p.A3)

2002        Jun 13, US Catholic Bishops in Texas opened a 2-day summit on clerical sex abuse. 3 men and a woman told how their lives had been devastated by abuse and subsequent ill treatment by the church.
    (WSJ, 6/14/02, p.A1)(AP, 6/13/04)

2002        Jun 14, US Roman Catholic bishops meeting in Dallas voted to remove any priest from his ministry who abuses a minor but stopped short of zero tolerance, as pushed by some victims.
    (SFC, 6/15/02, p.A1)(AP, 6/14/03)

2002        Jun 26, Chinese basketball star Yao Ming was selected first overall by the Houston Rockets in the NBA draft.
    (AP, 6/26/03)

2002        Jul 4, In central Texas 70,000 cubic feet of water gushed down a spillway from Canyon Lake toward the Guadalupe River for three days, scraping off vegetation and topsoil and leaving only limestone walls. The mile-and-a-half-long Canyon Lake Gorge, up to 80 feet deep, was dug out from what had been a nondescript valley covered in mesquite and oak trees.
    (AP, 10/5/07)

2002        Jul 5, The Medina River near San Antonio, Texas, overflowed along with the Guadalupe River and flooding left at least 7 people dead.
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A3)

2002        Jul 28, Police in Dallas found 2 bodies in a tractor trailer from which some 40 suspected illegal immigrants had escaped earlier.
    (SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A9)

2002        Jul 24, In Houston, Texas, Clara Harris ran over her cheating husband with her Mercedes after catching him with his mistress. Harris (45) was convicted of murder Feb 13, 2003.
    (SFC, 2/15/03, p.A5)

2002        Aug 4, In Dallas, Tx., a man, woman and 3 children were shot to death. The woman’s husband was taken into custody.
    (SFC, 8/5/02, p.A7)

2002        Aug 14, Texas Gov. Rick Perry denied a reprieve for Javier Suarez Medina and authorities in Huntsville gave Suarez a lethal injection as he sang the hymn "Amazing Grace."
    (AP, 8/15/02)

2002        Aug 15, President Vicente Fox canceled a meeting with President Bush to express anger over the Texas execution of a drug smuggler and police killer despite pleas from the Mexican leadership. Javier Suarez Medina, a Mexican national, was never told he could contact the Mexican consulate for help after his 1988 arrest, a violation of the 1963 Vienna Convention of Consular Relations.
    (AP, 8/15/02)

2002        Aug 28, In Texas Toronto Patterson was executed for the 1995 killing of a cousin when he was 17.
    (SFC, 8/30/02, p.A1)

2002        Aug 31, It was reported that Mexican police had arrested Juan Heriberto Carrillo Olivas, a Mexican citizen, headed a gang in El Paso, Texas, that used a fleet of tractor-trailers to transport cocaine to other U.S. cities.
    (AP, 8/31/02)

2002        Oct 20, Yao Ming (22), a 7-foot-5 basketball player from China, arrived in Texas to join the Houston Rockets.
    (WSJ, 10/22/02, p.A1)

2002        Dec 31, US executions for the year rose from 66 to71 with 33 in Texas.
    (SSFC, 12/29/02, p.A3)

2002        Dec, In Fort Worth, Texas, the $65 million Modern Art Museum, opened. It was designed by Tadao Ando of Japan.
    (WSJ, 12/17/02, p.D8)

2002        Crazy ants, an invasive species, were first discovered in Houston. In 2012 the crazy ant species was identified as Nylanderia fulva, from northern Argentina and southern Brazil. By 2013 they had spread to coastal areas from Texas to Florida.
    (LiveScience, 5/17/13)

2003        Jan 5, In Edinburg, Texas, 6 men were shot to death in a home invasion that involved weapons and drugs.
    (SFC, 1/6/03, p.A8)

2003        Jan 15, The San Antonio Spurs beat the New Jersey Nets 88-77 in game 6 to win the NBA finals.
    (SFC, 6/16/03, p.C1)

2003        Jan 23, In Texas 2 military helicopters collided and 4 marine reservists were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/24/03, p.A1)

2003        Feb 1, Space shuttle Columbia broke apart in flames over Texas, killing all 7 astronauts just 16 minutes before they were supposed to glide to ground in Florida. The astronauts included Michael P. Anderson (b.1959), David M. Brown (b.1956), Laurel Clark (b.1962), Kalpana Chawla (b.1962), Rick Husband (b.1957), William C. McCool (b.1961) and Ilan Ramon (b.1954).
    (AP, 2/1/03)(SSFC, 2/2/03, p.A8)

2003        Feb 13, Clara Harris, who'd run down her cheating husband with her Mercedes after catching him with his mistress, was convicted by a Houston jury of murder despite her claim that she'd hit him accidentally while in a heartsick daze. She was later sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (AP, 2/13/04)
2003        Feb 13, Prof. Walt W. Rostow (86), adviser to the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, died in Austin, Texas. His over 30 books included "Theorists of Economic Growth from David Hume to the Present, with a Perspective on the Next Century" (1990), and "The Stages of Economic Growth" (3rd ed. 1990).
    (SFC, 2/15/03, p.A24)

2003        Mar 10, Natalie Maines, lead singer of the Dixie Chicks, told a London audience: "Just so you know ... we're ashamed the president of the United States is from Texas."
    (AP, 3/10/08)
2003        Mar 10, In Brownsville, Texas, a woman and her common-law husband killed and beheaded their 3 children, ages 3 years to 2 months.
    (SFC, 3/13/03, p.A6)

2003        Mar 20, Texas executed its 300th inmate since restoring the death penalty in 1982.
    (WSJ, 3/21/03, p.A1)

2003        Mar 24, In Texas a fire in a sugar-cane field killed 5 illegal Mexican immigrants hiding there.
    (WSJ, 3/25/03, p.A1)

2003        May 9, In Tyler, Texas, Deanna LaJune Laney (38) bludgeoned to death her 2 sons Joshua (8) and Luke (6). A toddler was in critical condition. In 2004 a jury found Laney legally insane.
    (SFC, 5/13/03, p.A6)(AP, 4/4/04)

2003        May 12, Texas Democrats fled to a Holiday Inn in Oklahoma to thwart a Republican drive to redraw the state's congressional districts.
    (AP, 5/13/03)

2003        May 14, In Texas Victoria County Sheriff's deputies found 17 people dead in and around a tractor-trailer rig at a South Texas truck stop. Another died at hospital. The victims were illegal immigrants. In 2006 a Texas jury convicted 3 US citizens for the suffocation of 19 smuggled immigrants in an airtight truck. In 2007 truck driver Tyrone Williams (36) was sentenced to life in prison for his role in the smuggling. In 2008 the last of 14 people indicted in the smuggling pleaded guilty. In 2010 Octavio Torres-Ortega was sentenced to 14 years in prison for his role in the smuggling operation. In 2011 Williams was resentenced to nearly 34 years after a federal appeals court overturned the multiple life sentences he had received.
    (WSJ, 5/15/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/9/06, p.A1)(SFC, 1/19/07, p.A3)(SFC, 4/15/08, p.A3)(SFC, 6/8/10, p.A5)(SFC, 1/25/11, p.A6)

2003        May 15, The three-year championship reign of the Los Angeles Lakers came to a decisive end as the San Antonio Spurs overpowered the Lakers 110-82 to win the Western Conference semifinal series 4 games to 2.
    (AP, 5/15/04)
2003        May 15, Runaway Texas Democrats boarded two buses and returned home after a self-imposed weeklong exile in Oklahoma that succeeded in killing a redistricting bill they opposed.
    (AP, 5/15/04)

2003        May 22, Annika Sorenstam became the first woman since Babe Didrikson Zaharias in 1945 to tee off against the men on the pro tour, playing in the first round of the Colonial golf tournament in Fort Worth, Texas. Sorenstam missed the cut the next day by four shots.
    (AP, 5/22/08)

2003        May 23, Golfer Annika Sorenstam failed to make the 36-hole cut at the PGA Tour in Fort Worth, Texas, missing the cut by four strokes. She was the first woman to play in a PGA Tour event in 58 years.
    (AP, 5/23/08)

2003        Jun 11, Patrick James Dennehy (21), a Baylor Univ. basketball player, disappeared in Waco, Texas, and was feared to have been killed by team mates. Carlton Dotson (21) later confessed to the slaying and was arrested in Maryland on Jul 21. Dennehy's body was found Jul 25. In 2005 Dotson was sentenced to 35 years in prison.
    (SSFC, 6/28/03, p.A25)(SFC, 7/22/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 7/27/03, p.A1)(SFC, 6/16/05, p.B5)

2003        Jun 26, The US Supreme court, in Lawrence v. Texas, struck down a Texas sodomy law and proclaimed that gay Americans have a right to private sexual relations. The court ruled 6-3 that laws prohibiting sexual acts between members of the same sex are unconstitutional. In 2012 Dale Carpenter authored “Flagrant conduct: The Story of Lawrence v. Texas.
    (SFC, 6/27/03, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_v._Texas)(SSFC, 3/18/12, p.F1)
2003        Jun 26, A jury in Fort Worth, Texas, convicted former nurse's aide Chante Mallard of murder for hitting a homeless man with her car, driving home with his mangled body jammed in the windshield and leaving him to die in her garage. Mallard was later sentenced to 50 years in prison.
    (AP, 6/26/04)(AP, 6/26/08)

2003        Jul 21, Carlton Dotson Jr., the roommate of missing Baylor basketball player Patrick Dennehy, was arrested and charged with Dennehy's murder. Dotson later pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 35 years in prison.
    (AP, 7/21/08)

2003        Aug 22, Texas Gov. Rick Perry pardoned 35 people arrested in the 1999 Tulia drug busts and convicted on the testimony of a lone undercover agent later charged with perjury. The agent, Tom Coleman, was later found guilty of aggravated perjury and sentenced to 10 years probation. He's been appealing his conviction.
    (AP, 8/22/08)

2003        Sep 28, In Linden, Texas Billy Ray Johnson (42) was lured to an all-white party where underage drinkers fed him alcohol and picked on him. In 2007 a jury awarded $9 million to Johnson, a mentally disabled black man who suffered permanent brain damage after being beaten and dumped in a field by 4 white men.
    (AP, 4/22/07)

2003        Sep, Carlo Benetton sold his 11,000 acre Buffalo Ranch to the state of Texas for use by the prison system.
    (Econ, 9/27/03, p.30)

2003        Oct 1, A federal judge in Texas ruled that former Enron Chairman Kenneth Lay and Northern Trust Corp., can be sued for allegedly failing to protect the Enron employee pension plan.
    (WSJ, 10/2/03, p.A1)

2003        Oct 11, A team of 18 doctors in Dallas, Texas, began a complicated separation surgery in an attempt to give Ahmed and Mohamed Ibrahim, 2-year-old conjoined twins from Egypt, a chance at independent lives. The 34-hour went well.
    (AP, 10/11/03)(SSFC, 10/11/03, p.A2)(SFC, 10/14/03, p.A3)

2003        Oct 13, Texas Gov. Rick Perry signed into law a controversial redistricting bill designed to put more Republicans in the Texas congressional delegation.
    (AP, 10/13/04)
2003        Oct 13, In Louisiana a bus crash on I-20 killed 8 members of a Texas church group after the driver fell asleep.
    (WSJ, 10/14/03, p.A1)

2003        Oct, Raymond D. Nasher, Dallas real-estate developer, opened the $70 million Nasher Sculpture Center designed by Renzo Piano.
    (WSJ, 11/4/03, p.AD8)

2003        Nov 11, In Galveston, Texas, Robert A. Durst, NY multimillionaire who admitted to butchering his neighbor Morris Black, was acquitted of the man's murder.
    (SFC, 11/12/03, p.A1)

2003        Dec 15, In Cleburne, Texas, Joanne Webb, housewife and sales rep for Passion Parties, answered to obscenity charges for selling a vibrator to undercover narcotics officers posing as a dysfunctional married couple.
    (SFC, 12/16/03, p.A2)

2003        Dec 24, Caroline Weiss Law, Texas oil heiress, died on her 85th birthday. She left 52 major art works, valued at $60-85 million, and $25 million cash to establish an endowment for the Houston Museum of Fine Arts.
    (SFC, 2/13/04, p.D12)

2003        Texas Gov. Rick Perry signed tort reform legislation, which capped non-economic damages in medical lawsuits.
    (Econ, 8/13/11, p.28)
2003        The Texas Enterprise Fund (TEF) was created during the 78th legislative session in response to Governor Rick Perry's request in his 2003 State of the State address for a special development fund of $390 million to help attract new jobs and investment to the state.
    (Econ, 8/20/11, p.28)(http://tinyurl.com/c2dsq4)
2003        Jeff Bezos (39), founder of Amazon.com, began buying property east of El Paso, Texas, for Blue Origin LLC, his commercial space venture. By 2006 he had acquired 290,000 acres. Commercial operations were planned to start in 2010.
    (WSJ, 11/10/06, p.A1)
2003        A report from Texas A&M Univ. showed that ionization fire detectors (smoke alarms) take 15 minutes longer or more than photoelectric fire detectors to detect smoldering fires. About 90% of US homes at this time contained the ionization type, which were about $5 cheaper than the photoelectric type.
    (SSFC, 8/15/10, p.A12)

2004        Jan 1, Houston's $324 million, 7.5 mile, light rail system made its inaugural trips.
    (AP, 1/2/04)(WSJ, 1/22/04, p.A1)

2004        Feb 1, In Texas entertainer Janet Jackson covered her breast after singer Justin Timberlake ripped off one of her chest plates during the halftime Super Bowl performance in Houston. New England Patriots fans turned rowdy after their team's 32-29 win over the Carolina Panthers.
    (AP, 2/1/04)(SFC, 2/2/04, p.A2)

2004        Feb 20, In Texas a strain of avian flu was reported in Gonzales County. Further checks revealed that it was highly pathogenic, but posed little risk to humans.
    (SFC, 2/24/04, p.A3)

2004        Mar 18, Jahari, a 13-year-old lowland gorilla, broke out of the Dallas Zoo and was shot to death after snatching up a toddler with his teeth and attacking 3 people.
    (SFC, 3/20/04, p.A2)

2004        Mar, Jamie Olis, former tax-planning executive at Dynegy, was sentenced to 24 years in jail for his role in Project Alpha, an accounting fraud that inflated the Texas energy company’s cashflow by $300 million. In 2005 an appeals court upheld the conviction, but threw out the sentence.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.68)

2004        Apr 8, Reliant Energy, based in Houston, Texas, was indicted over an alleged plot to boost power prices in June, 2000, at a cost to consumers of as much as $32 million. On August 15, 2005, Reliant announced that it had reached a $460 million settlement with the states of California, Oregon and Washington, resolving civil litigation claims against the company related to the sale of electricity in the California electricity crisis of 2000 and 2001. In March 2007, Reliant agreed to pay a $22.2 million penalty in addition to a $13.8 million credit provided in a previous settlement with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reliant_Energy)(SFC, 4/9/04, p.A1)

2004        May 3, Production began for the US Mint’s Texas quarter, designed by Daniel Miller. The unveiling was set for June 10.
    (USAT, 5/18/04, p.17A)

2004        May 4, William J. Krar (63) of East Texas was sentenced to 11 years in federal prison for stockpiling weapons that included a sodium-oxide bomb capable of killing everyone inside a midsize civic building.
    (SFC, 5/5/04, p.A9)

2004        Jun 16, Myron Dukes, his 2 children, and another child, on convention with the Baptist Church of Chicago, drowned at the Fort Worth Water Gardens.
    (SFC, 6/18/04, p.A7)

2004        Jun 24, The US Census Bureau reported that San Antonio had eclipsed Dallas as the nation's 8th-largest city.
    (AP, 6/23/04)

2004        Jun 28, In Texas 2 freight trains collided in San Antonio and one engineer was killed. Derailed train cars released clouds of chlorine gas and ammonium nitrate. 2 people died from the toxic gases.
    (USAT, 6/29/04, p.3A)(WSJ, 6/30/04, p.A1)

2004        Jul 8, Kenneth Lay, former CEO of Enron Corp., was charged in Houston, Texas, with 11 counts of conspiracy and fraud.
    (WSJ, 7/8/04, p.A1)(USAT, 7/9/04, p.1B)

2004        Aug 7, Paul N. Adair (b.1915), Texas oil field firefighter, died. The 1968 film “Hellfighter” with John Wayne was based on his life.
    (SFC, 8/9/04, p.B6)(Econ, 8/14/04, p.78)

2004        Oct 5, Texas executed Edward Green despite pleas by Houston’s police chief for a moratorium because of suspect work by the city’s crime lab.
    (WSJ, 10/6/04, p.A1)

2004        Oct 7, US House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi called on Texas Rep. Tom DeLay to step down or be ousted after his 3rd rebuke from the ethics committee in a week.
    (SFC, 10/8/04, p.A3)

2004        Nov 3, A Houston jury convicted 4 former Merrill Lynch executives and a former mid-level Enron Corp, executive for a 1999 bogus sale of power plants off the coast of Nigeria.
    (SFC, 11/4/04, p.C3)

2004        Nov 17, US House Republicans adopted a rule change to allow majority leader Tom DeLay of Texas to keep his post if he is indicted on state corruption charges. In 2004 the change was rescinded.
    (SFC, 11/18/04, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/18/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/4/05, p.A1)

2004        Nov 29, A US Army Black Hawk helicopter crashed near Fort Hood, Texas, and 7 soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 11/30/04, p.A3)

2004        Dec 23, Two men were convicted in Houston for their role in a smuggling attempt that resulted in the deaths of 19 illegal immigrants crammed in a tractor-trailer.
    (AP, 12/23/05)

2004        The new $480 million Gaylord Texan Resort & Convention Center opened in Grapevine, Texas. It covered 2.5 million square feet on 150 acres.
    (WSJ, 8/11/04, p.B1)
2004        Catherine Rohr, a venture capitalist, founded the Prison Entrepreneurship Program (PEP) in Texas to engage prisoners in studying business.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.36)

2005        Jan 6, Andrea Yates' murder conviction for drowning her children in the bathtub on June 20, 2001, was overturned by a Texas appeals court. On July 26, 2006, after three days of deliberations, Yates was found not guilty by reason of insanity, as defined by the state of Texas.
    (AP, 1/6/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrea_Yates)

2005        Jan 14, Army Specialist Charles Graner Jr., the reputed ringleader of a band of rogue guards at the Abu Ghraib prison, was convicted at Fort Hood, Texas, of abusing Iraqi detainees. He was later sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (AP, 1/14/06)

2005        Jan 15, A military court at Fort Hood, Texas, sentenced Army Specialist Charles Graner Jr. to 10 years behind bars for physically and sexually mistreating Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison. Graner (42) was released from prison In Leavenworth, Kansas, on Aug 6, 2011.
    (AP, 1/15/06)(SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A10)

2005        Jan 18, Oscar Sanchez, owner of a family restaurant in Dallas, was kidnapped in what police believed was a stage car wreck. His body was found a week later. Jose Felix, a former teacher, and  Edgar "Richie" Acevedo, a waiter at the restaurant, were responsible for the kidnapping and slaying. Within weeks Felix was captured in Chicago. In October Mexican federal authorities captured Edgar "Richie" Acevedo in Cabo San Lucas.
    (AP, 10/15/05)

2005        Jan 21, The body of Megan Leann Holden (19) was found near Stanton, Texas. Her abduction from a Wal-Mart parking lot 2 days earlier was captured on surveillance videotape. Johnny Lee Williams (24), the suspect in her murder, was arrested at an Arizona hospital after he shot during a robbery attempt.
    (SFC, 1/22/05, p.A3)

2005        Feb 17, Two US Border Patrol agents in Texas stopped a van carrying 743 pounds of marijuana and shot Osvaldo Aldrete-Davila, an admitted Mexican drug smuggler, as he fled back across the Rio Grande. In 2006 agents Ignacio Ramos and Jose Compean were sentenced to 11 and 12 years in prison for offenses that included violating the smuggler’s civil rights and failure to report the shooting to superiors. In 2007 Latino gang members beat Ignacio Ramos at the Yazoo City Federal Correctional Complex in Mississippi. Both agents were freed in 2009 following a commute of their sentences by outgoing Pres. George Bush.
    (SFC, 10/20/06, p.A6)(SSFC, 2/18/07, p.A11)(SFC, 2/18/09, p.A6)

2005        Mar 23, In Texas City, Texas, an explosion at BP's 1,200-acre plant near Houston killed 15 and injured more than 100 others. BP later acknowledged faulty equipment at the plant. In 2009 oil giant BP was hit with a record 52-million-pound fine for safety violations at the Texas refinery.
    (AP, 3/24/05)(SFC, 3/25/05, p.A4)(WSJ, 7/27/05, p.A1)(AFP, 10/30/09)

2005        May 4, A military judge at Fort Hood, Texas, threw out Pvt. 1st Class Lynndie England's guilty plea to abusing Iraqi detainees at Abu Ghraib prison, saying he was not convinced the Army reservist knew her actions were wrong at the time. England was later convicted in a court-martial and sentenced to three years in prison.
    (AP, 5/4/06)

2005        May 16, Army Specialist Sabrina Harman was convicted at Fort Hood, Texas, of six of the seven charges she faced for her role in the mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib. She was sentenced to six months in prison after testimony about her acts of kindness toward Iraqis before she became an Abu Ghraib guard.
    (AP, 5/16/06)

2005        May 24, Texas lawmakers tentatively voted to give juries the option of sentencing murderers to life in prison without parole.
    (SFC, 5/25/05, p.A3)

2005        May 25, The US Senate confirmed Texas Supreme Court Judge Priscilla Owen to serve on the US Court of Appeals in New Orleans.
    (SFC, 5/26/05, p.A3)

2005        Jun 5, Texas Gov. Rick Perry signed anti-abortion and anti-gay legislation at the Calvary Christian Academy in Fort Worth.
    (SFC, 6/6/05, p.A3)

2005        Jun 11, US officials said a cow had tested positive for mad cow disease in November, opening the door to possible changes in testing procedures in the US beef industry. The cow was later identified as being calved in Texas in 1993.
    (AP, 6/11/05)(WSJ, 6/30/05, p.A1)

2005        Jun 18, Former Texas Congressman J.J. “Jake” Pickle died in Austin at age 91.
    (AP, 6/18/06)

2005        Jun 20, Jack Kilby (b.1923), Nobel Prize winner and co-inventor of the integrated circuit (1958), died in Dallas.
    (SFC, 6/22/05, p.A5)(Econ, 7/25/05, p.75)

2005        Jun 23, The San Antonio Spurs won a thrilling Game 7 over Detroit Pistons, 81-74, to claim the NBA championship.
    (AP, 6/23/06)

2005        Jun 24, US Agriculture officials said a 2nd case of mad cow disease was confirmed in a cow from Texas. This case of the disease, as well as one from Alabama in 2006, was later reported as atypical.
    (SFC, 6/25/05, p.A3)(SFC, 6/12/06, p.A6)

2005        Jun 27, The US Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that Kentucky cannot display framed copies of the Ten Commandments in county courthouses, and allowed the Texas statehouse to keep the commandments as part of a display on its grounds.
    (AP, 6/27/05)(SFC, 6/28/05, p.A1)

2005        Jul 22, In Irving, Texas, Kimberly-Clark Corp., maker of Kleenex tissues and Huggies diapers, said it plans to cut about 6,000 jobs and sell or close up to 20 manufacturing plants.
    (AP, 7/22/05)

2005        Aug 11, President Bush expressed sympathy for war protesters like Cindy Sheehan, the mother camped outside his Texas ranch demanding answers for her solider-son's death, but said he believed it would be a mistake to bring U.S. troops home immediately.
    (AP, 8/11/06)

2005        Aug 17, Hundreds of anti-war vigils were held nationwide, part of an effort spurred by Cindy Sheehan's protest near President Bush's Texas ranch in memory of her son Casey, who was killed in Iraq.
    (AP, 8/17/06)

2005        Aug 19, A Texas jury awarded Carol Ernst, widow of Robert Ernst, $253 million charging Merck Corp. liable for the heart-related death of Robert Ernst. $229 million was in punitive damages. Texas caps on punitive damages reduced that figure to about $26 million; Merck planned to appeal.
    (WSJ, 8/22/05, p.A1)(AP, 8/19/06)

2005        Aug 31, At least 25,000 of Hurricane Katrina's refugees, a majority of them at the New Orleans Superdome, began traveling in a bus convoy to Houston and will be sheltered at the 40-year-old Astrodome, which hasn't been used for professional sporting events in years.
    (AP, 8/31/05)

2005        Sep 21, Hurricane Rita intensified into a Category 5 storm with 140 mph winds and threatened to devastate the Texas coast or already-battered Louisiana by week's end. More than 1.3 million people in Texas and Louisiana were evacuated The death toll from Katrina topped 1,000.
    (AP, 9/21/05)(SFC, 9/22/05, p.A1)(AP, 9/21/06)

2005        Sep 22, Hurricane Rita, weakened to Category 4 status, closed on the Texas coast, sending hundreds of thousands of people fleeing on a frustratingly slow, bumper-to-bumper exodus.
    (AP, 9/22/06)

2005        Sep 23, Hurricane Rita, dropped to Category 4, moved toward the Texas and Louisiana coast with 135 mph winds, creating monumental traffic jams along evacuation routes and raising fears of a crippling blow to the nation's oil-refining industry.
    (AP, 9/23/05)
2005        Sep 23, In Texas a bus carrying elderly evacuees from Hurricane Rita caught fire and was rocked by explosions on a gridlocked highway near Dallas, killing 23 people. In 2006 James Maples (65), owner of the bus, was acquitted of a safety violation but convicted on 2 lesser counts. His company Global Limo was found guilty on all charges.
    (AP, 9/23/05)(SFC, 10/4/06, p.A3)

2005        Sep 24, Hurricane Rita, reduced to Category 3, made landfall east of Sabine Pass, on the Texas-Louisiana line, smashing windows, sparking fires and knocking power out to more than 1 million customers, but largely sparing vulnerable Houston and already reeling New Orleans. Within hours it weakened to Category 2.
    (AP, 9/24/05)

2005        Sep 26, A military court in Texas convicted Pfc. Lynndie England (22) on 6 of 7 counts of conspiracy and maltreatment of Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison. England was found guilty of one count of conspiracy, four counts of maltreating detainees and one count of committing an indecent act. She was acquitted on a second conspiracy count. She was the next day sentenced to 3 years in prison.
    (SFC, 9/27/05, p.A1)(AP, 9/28/05)
2005        Sep 26, A judge in El Paso, Texas, cited conventions against sending a person to a country where he could face torture. Luis Posada Carriles, a Cuban militant, was wanted in Venezuela for a 1976 airliner bombing. President Hugo Chavez said the decision by a US immigration judge in the case of Posada protects a terrorist and shows the "cynicism of the empire," a term he uses for President Bush's government.
    (AP, 9/28/05)

2005        Sep 28, Tom DeLay, a powerful political ally of President George W. Bush, stepped down as head of the Republican majority in the House of Representatives after being indicted in Texas on a campaign finance charge. He was the 1st House leader to be indicted in more than a century.
    (AFP, 9/29/05)(SFC, 9/29/05, p.A1)

2005        Oct 3, Representative Tom DeLay, a powerful ally of President George W. Bush, was indicted on a new charge of money laundering as his lawyers moved to dismiss a previous conspiracy indictment filed last week.
    (AP, 10/4/05)

2005        Oct 15, In Texas the Government Canyon State Natural Area officially opened. The over 8,600 acre area was set aside to protect the Edwards Aquifer, which provided drinking water for San Antonio.
    (LP, Spring 2006, p.55)

2005        Oct 19, The Houston Astros defeated the St. Louis Cardinals for the National League title. They will face the Chicago White Sox in the World Series.
    (WSJ, 10/20/05, p.A1)

2005        Oct 20, US Rep. Tom DeLay turned himself in at the sheriff's office in Travis County, Texas, where he was fingerprinted, photographed and released on $10,000 bail on conspiracy and money-laundering charges.
    (AP, 10/20/06)

2005        Oct 21, Oscar Wyatt (81), former chairman of Coastal Corp., was arrested at his home in Houston for paying millions in kickbacks to the government of Saddam Hussein in exchange for rights to buy discounted Iraqi oil under the UN’s oil-for-food program. 2 Swiss associates were also indicted. In 2007 Wyatt was sentenced to over a year in jail after admitting that he agreed to a surcharge of about $200,000 to be paid to bank account in Jordan controlled by officials of Iraq’s State Oil Marketing Organization in Dec 2001.
    (SFC, 10/22/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/28/07, p.B10)

2005        Oct 26, The Chicago White Sox beat the Houston Astros 1-0 to win their first World Series title since 1917.
    (AP, 10/27/06)

2005        Oct 28, Rice University professor Richard Smalley (62), who shared a 1996 Nobel Prize in chemistry for the discovery of "buckyballs," died in Houston of cancer.
    (AP, 10/28/05)(Econ, 11/12/05, p.91)

2005        Nov 3, In Texas convicted killed Charles Victor Thompson (35) escaped from Harris County Jail. He was captured Nov 6 in Shreveport, La., drunk and talking on a pay phone. Thompson had been sentenced to death for the murder of his ex-girlfriend and her lover in 1998.
    (SSFC, 11/6/05, p.A8)(AP, 11/7/05)

2005        Nov 8, Texas voters overwhelmingly approved a constitutional ban on gay marriage.
    (AP, 11/9/05)

2005        Nov 20, Chris Whitley (45), a chameleon singer-songwriter who oscillated between roots rock 'n' roll, blues and alt-rock, died of lung cancer in Houston. He recorded 11 albums since his 1991 debut, "Living with the Law," including “Dirt Floor" (1998) and this year's "Soft Dangerous Shores."
    (AP, 11/23/05)

2005        Dec 14, Carlos Delgadillo Martinez died after losing his grip on an inner tube while trying to cross the Rio Grande near Laredo, Texas. In 2011 jurors acquitted helicopter pilot James Peters (41) of lying about his role in Delgadillo’s death.
    (SFC, 9/3/11, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/3nzc2z7)

2005        Dec 27, Grass fires burned in drought-stricken Texas and Oklahoma. Over three days, nearly 200 homes were lost and the fires blamed for at least four deaths.
    (AP, 12/27/06)

2005        Dec 28, Firefighters searched for missing people and hoped for cooler, calmer weather after deadly wildfires raced across thousands of acres of grassland dried out by Texas' worst drought in decades and destroyed dozens of homes.
    (AP, 12/28/05)

2005        Murders in Houston, Texas, for the year totaled 334, many of which were linked to refugees from Hurricane Katrina.
    (Econ, 9/16/06, p.41)

2005        Fort Bliss, Texas, had some 25,000 inhabitants. Due to expansion plans a 2008 estimate expected 90,000 people by 2013.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.39)

2006        Jan 2, Grass fires in New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas left at least 4 people dead with over 250 structures burned.
    (SFC, 1/3/06, p.A4)

2006        Jan 4, The Univ. of Texas Longhorns scored a 41-38 win over Southern California in the Rose Bowl. Official tickets sold for $175 and resellers on the internet hawked them for as much as $3000.
    (AP, 1/5/06)(Econ, 1/7/06, p.58)

2006        Jan 7, US Representative Tom DeLay (R-Texas), facing corruption charges, stepped down as House majority leader.
    (AP, 1/7/07)

2006        Jan 8, Wildfires in the southwest US spread to Arkansas and Colorado destroying 9 more homes. Over the last 2 weeks the fires in New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas have destroyed 475 homes and left 5 people dead.
    (SFC, 1/9/06, p.A3)

2006        Jan 12, Houston became the largest school district in the country to adopt a merit pay plan for teachers that focuses on students' tests scores.
    (AP, 1/13/06)

2006        Jan 24, At least 10 men in Mexican military-style uniforms crossed the Rio Grande into the United States on a marijuana-smuggling foray, leading to an armed confrontation with Texas law officers near Neely's Crossing, Texas. The three sport utility vehicles made a quick U-turn and headed south toward the border, a few miles away.
    (AP, 9/6/09)

2006        Jan 27, Police in Houston, Texas, said they had arrested 8 gang members from New Orleans as suspects in 11 slayings.
    (SFC, 1/28/06, p.A3)

2006        Jan, Arthur Mumphrey was released from prison in Texas after his lawyer found DNA evidence clearing him in the rape of a 13-year-old girl. Mumphrey had been sentenced in 1986 to 35 years in prison. He awarded more than $450,000 after spending 18 years in prison for a sexual assault conviction. His brother, Charles, confessed to the rape while serving time in jail for unauthorized use of a motor vehicle, shortly after his brother's release.
    (AP, 11/10/06)

2006        Feb 11, Vice President Dick Cheney accidentally shot Harry Whittington (78), a hunting companion, during a weekend quail hunting trip at the 50,000-acre Armstrong ranch in Texas. Whittington, peppered with bird shot, was in stable condition.
    (AP, 2/13/06)

2006        Feb 14, In Texas lawyer Harry Whittington, who was accidentally injured 3 days earlier by birdshot fired by VP Cheney, suffered a minor heart attack.
    (SFC, 2/15/06, p.A1)

2006        Apr 7, Dena Schlosser, charged with murder for cutting off her baby daughter Margaret's arms in what her lawyers portrayed as a religious frenzy, was found not guilty by reason of insanity by a judge in McKinney, Texas.
    (AP, 4/7/07)

2006        Apr 22, In Spring, Texas 2 white teenagers severely beat and sodomized a Hispanic boy (16) who had tried to kiss a Hispanic girl (12). David Henry Tuck and 17-year-old were later charged with aggravated sexual assault. The beaten boy was in critical condition.
    (SFC, 4/28/06, p.A8)

2006        May 9, Tornadoes swept through two North Texas towns after dark, reducing houses to bare concrete slabs in a path of destruction that left three people dead and 10 injured.
    (AP, 5/10/06)

2006        May 23, Lloyd Bentsen (b.1921), former Texas senator, died at his home in Houston. In 1988 Michael Dukakis picked him as his vice-president candidate. In 1993 he became Bill Clinton’s first treasury secretary.
    (SFC, 5/24/06, p.A2)(Econ, 6/3/06, p.84)

2006        May 25, In Texas a jury found former Enron chiefs Kenneth Lay and Jeffrey Skilling guilty of fraud and conspiracy in the collapse of the energy giant. Mr. Lay died on July 25 and in October a judge vacated the conviction; Skilling was sentenced to 24 years in prison.
    (WSJ, 10/18/06, p.A1)(AP, 5/26/07)

2006        Jun 1, Texas Gov. Rick Perry announced a plan to use night-vision Webcams along the border and let Internet users serve as volunteer sentinels.
    (http://tinyurl.com/k7z7a)(WSJ, 6/9/06, p.A1)

2006        Jun 7, In Houston, Texas, Gabriel Granillo (14) was beaten by about a dozen gang members with baseball bats and tire irons. A teenage girl in the group stabbed him to death.
    (SFC, 6/8/06, p.A3)

2006        Jun 27, Railroad Killer'' Angel Maturino Resendiz, linked to 15 murders, was executed in Texas for the slaying of physician Claudia Benton in 1998.
    (AP, 6/27/07)

2006        Jun 30, US prosecutors asked a federal judge to force former Enron chief executives Ken Lay and Jeffrey Skilling to forfeit $183 million for their crimes at the collapsed energy company.
    (Reuters, 6/30/06)

2006        Jul 5, Kenneth Lay (64). Enron Corp. founder and chief executive, died of a heart attack at his vacation home in Colorado. He was convicted in May for his role in the in the Houston-based company's downfall.
    (Reuters, 7/5/06)(Econ, 7/8/06, p.81)

2006        Jul 24, It was reported that Jeff Bezos (42), founder of Amazon.com, planned to develop a private spaceport at his private ranch in West Texas. A draft environmental review was filed with the FAA and a timetable set commercial flights to begin in 2010.
    (SFC, 7/24/06, p.A2)

2006        Jul 26, In a dramatic turnaround from her first murder trial, a jury in Houston found Andrea Yates not guilty by reason of insanity in the drowning of her children in the bathtub; she was committed to a state mental hospital.
    (AP, 7/26/07)

2006        Aug 11, In Michigan 3 Palestinian American men from Texas were arrested after buying dozens of cell phones at a Wal-Mart store. They were found with a 1000 cell phones and later charged with federal fraud conspiracy and money laundering. Initial terrorism charges were dropped.
    (SFC, 8/17/06, p.A3)

2006        Sep 5, Dan Rather said he has donated $2 million to his alma mater, Sam Houston State University, the largest single monetary gift in the school's 127-year history.
    (AP, 9/6/06)

2006        Sep 13, Ann Richards (b.1933), former Texas Gov. (1990-1994), died after a battle with cancer. As governor, Richards appointed the first black University of Texas regent, the first crime victim on the state Criminal Justice Board, the first disabled person on the human services board and the first teacher to lead the State Board of Education. Under Richards, the fabled Texas Rangers pinned stars on their first black and female officers.
    (AP, 9/14/06)(Econ, 9/30/06, p.96)

2006        Sep, Irving, Texas, a city of some 200,000 people, signed up for the US government’s Criminal Alien Program (CAP), run by the Immigration and Customs agency. By the end of 2007 some 1,700 people from Irving were handed over for deportation.
    (Econ, 12/15/07, p.36)

2006        Oct 14, Freddy Fender (b.1937), Tex-Mex singer born as Baldemar Huerta, died in San Benito, Texas. His hit songs included “Wasted Days and Wasted Nights” and “Before the Next Teardrop Falls” (1975).
    (SFC, 10/16/06, p.B6)

2006        Oct 16, In southeast Texas heavy rains and a tornado left 3 people dead.
    (WSJ, 10/17/06, p.A1)

2006        Oct 19, In Texas a death-row inmate slit his own throat with a makeshift knife, committing suicide about 15 hours before he was scheduled to be executed. Michael Dewayne Johnson (29) was on death row for the 1995 killing of a convenience store clerk near Waco. Johnson had denied gunning down Jeff Wetterman (27), who helped pump gas at the family store off Interstate 35 near Waco. Johnson blamed his companion, David Vest, for the killing. Vest blamed the shooting on Johnson, took an eight-year prison term in a plea deal and testified against his friend. Vest is now free.
    (AP, 10/19/06)

2006        Oct 25, Texas executed Gregory Summers (48), a man convicted in the stabbing deaths of his parents and an uncle. He paid a hit man to kill his parents in 1990 in an attempt to collect their life insurance and an inheritance.
    (AP, 10/26/06)

2006        Nov 5, Rockwall County, Texas, prosecutor Louis "Bill" Conradt Jr. killed himself as police tried to serve him with an arrest warrant alleging he had solicited sex with a minor online.
    (AP, 11/5/07)

2006        Nov 26, In Mexico bands of youths rampaged through downtown Oaxaca, torching buildings and cars hours after federal police used tear gas to drive off a violent mob of leftists in the latest spasm of protests against the state governor. 30 to 40 armed men entered the La Barranca hunting ranch near the US border and kidnapped five men including 3 Texans. Librado Pina Jr. (49), owns the popular deer-hunting ranch near Hidalgo, was released on Dec 18. His son and 2 others had been released earlier. There was no word on the ranch's Mexican cook, Marco Ortiz.
    (AP, 11/26/06)(AP, 11/29/06)(AP, 12/18/06)

2006        Nov 7, Dan Patrick, conservative talk show host from Houston, was elected to the state Senate. He planned to continued broadcasting from Austin.
    (Econ, 12/16/06, p.33)

2006        Dec 4, Truck driver Tyrone Williams was convicted in Houston of the deaths of 19 illegal immigrants crammed into a sweltering tractor-trailer in May 2003.
    (AP, 12/4/07)

2006        Dec 12, In Texas former Congressman Ciro Rodriguez defeated seven-term Republican Henry Bonilla in a runoff election, adding another Democrat to Congress.
    (AP, 12/13/06)

2006        Dec 26, A 21,000 gallon oil spill off the Texas coast resulted when a ship anchor hit an oil line.
    (WSJ, 12/27/06, p.A1)

2007        Jan 8, In Texas police shut down 10 blocks of businesses in the heart of downtown Austin after dozens of birds were found dead.
    (AP, 1/8/07)

2007        Jan 17, In Texas James Waller, who spent 10 years behind bars for the rape of a boy, became the 12th person in Dallas County to be cleared by DNA evidence.
    (AP, 1/19/07)(http://tinyurl.com/27evec)
2007        Jan 17, A US snow and ice storm was blamed for at least 64 deaths in nine states. These included 20 deaths in Oklahoma, 9 in Missouri, 8 in Iowa, 4 in New York, 5 in Texas, 4 in Michigan, 3 in Arkansas, and 1 each in Maine and Indiana.
    (AP, 1/17/07)(SFC, 1/18/07, p.A3)

2007        Jan 18, Truck driver Tyrone Williams was spared the death penalty and sentenced in Houston to life in prison for his role in the deaths of 19 illegal immigrants crammed in a sweltering tractor-trailer.
    (AP, 1/18/08)

2007        Jan 31, Molly Ivins (b.1944), political columnist for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, died of breast cancer.
    (SFC, 2/1/07, p.B7)

2007        Feb 2, Gov. Rick Perry issued an order making Texas the 1st state to require schoolgirls get vaccinated against the sexually transmitted virus that causes cervical cancer.
    (SFC, 2/3/07, p.A3)

2007        Feb 14, The Milton Friedman Foundation said each high school dropout costs Texas $3,168 a year in lost revenue, plus Medicaid and prison expenses.
    (WSJ, 2/15/07, p.A1)

2007        Feb 26, Texas' largest electricity producer, said it has agreed to be sold to a group of private-equity firms for about $32 billion in what would be the largest private buyout in US corporate history if shareholders go along.
    (AP, 2/26/07)

2007        Mar 5, John Baugh (b.1916), founder of SYSCO Corp., the restaurant supply giant, died in Texas. Mr. Baugh published a book about the company, "The SYSCO Story ... Thus Far!" in 2003.
    (http://tinyurl.com/m7wkuar)

2007        Mar 10, In Texas Valerie Lopez (19), the mother of two young children whose decomposing bodies were found wrapped in plastic bags beneath a house this week, was arrested and charged with capital murder.
    (AP, 3/11/07)

2007        Mar 11, Halliburton CEO Dave Lesar announced that his oil services company will soon shift its corporate headquarters from Houston to the Mideast financial powerhouse of Dubai.
    (AP, 3/13/07)

2007        Mar 21, In Texas investigators said Timothy Wayne Shepherd (27) confessed to strangling Tynesha Stewart (19) because he was angry she had begun a new relationship. Shepherd had dismembered and burned her body on a patio grill.
    (AP, 3/25/07)

2007        Mar 27, Texas Governor Rick Perry's office said that he had signed a new law that expands Texans' existing right to use deadly force to defend themselves "without retreat" in their homes, cars and workplaces. The new law takes affect on September 1.
    (Reuters, 3/27/07)

2007        Mar, Some 47 bodies of bottlenose dolphins washed up on the shores near Galveston, Texas. Toxins off the Louisiana coast were suspected.
    (SFC, 3/19/07, p.A2)

2007        Apr 20, William Phillips, a NASA contract worker, shot and killed David Beverly, a NASA civil servant, and then killed himself at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas.
    (SFC, 4/21/07, p.A3)

2007        Apr 24, A tornado in the Texas border town of Eagle Pass killed at least 10 people and destroyed two schools and more than 20 homes. The storm killed 2 more people in Arkansas and Louisiana.
    (AP, 4/25/07)(SFC, 4/26/07, p.A3)

2007        May 8, A federal judge in El Paso, Texas, dismissed immigration fraud charges against Luis Posada Carriles (79), a former CIA operative accused of masterminding a 1976 bombing of a Cuban civilian airplane along with 1997 bombings in Havana.
    (SFC, 5/10/07, p.A6)

2007        May 12, Voters in Farmers Branch, a suburb of Dallas, Texas, became the first in the nation to prohibit landlords from renting to most illegal immigrants. Texas courts quickly issued a restraining order against the city to prevent the ordnance from taking effect.
    (AP, 5/13/07)(Econ, 6/16/07, p.35)

2007        May 25, In central Texas two days of storms and flooding left 5 people dead and one missing.
    (AP, 5/26/07)

2007        May 29, In Hudson Oaks, Texas, Gilberta Estrada (25) was found hanged by suicide along with 3 of her 4 children. An 9-month-old infant survived her noose.
    (SFC, 5/30/07, p.A8)

2007        Jun 11, In Texas 3 National Guardsmen were arraigned on charges of conspiring to transport illegal immigrants.
    (SFC, 6/12/07, p.A5)

2007        Jun 12, In Texas Sgt. Lawrence G. Sprader (25), an experienced soldier who lost contact during a training exercise on the sprawling Fort Hood Army base, was found dead after four days.
    (AP, 6/13/07)

2007        Jun 14, The San Antonio Spurs won their fourth NBA title in nine years as they defeated the Cleveland Cavaliers 83-82 in Game 4.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2007        Jun 14, Abel Diaz Lucas, also known as Jorge Guevara-Perez, was arrested in El Paso, Texas. The next day he was handed to Mexican authorities, who had been trying to find Diaz for five years. They accused him of running a central Mexico gang notorious for cutting off the fingers and ears of their victims and sending them to their families to demand ransom money.
    (AP, 6/15/07)

2007        Jun 18, Torrential overnight rainfall flooded a handful of North Texas towns killing at least 4. People and their pets were stranded on the roofs of their homes awaiting rescue.
    (AP, 6/18/07)(WSJ, 6/19/07, p.A1)

2007        Jun 19, In Austin, Texas, 3-4 people beat a man to death after the car he was riding in apparently struck and injured a child.
    (AP, 6/20/07)(SFC, 6/22/07, p.A5)

2007        Jun 26, Patrick Knight was executed in Huntsville, Texas, for the 1991 murder of a couple from the Amarillo area.
    (SFC, 6/27/07, p.A2)

2007        Jun 27, Torrential storms flooded parts of central Texas, stranding people on roofs, in trees and in vehicles. Constant downpours claimed 11 lives in the last 11 days.
    (AP, 6/27/07)(AP, 6/28/07)

2007        Jul 11, Lady Bird Johnson (b.1912), widow of former US Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson (1963-1969), died in Austin, Texas.
    (SFC, 7/12/07, p.A2)(Econ, 7/21/07, p.85)

2007        Jul 12, HM Capital Partners LLC, a leading, Dallas-based private equity firm, and Booth Creek Management Corporation sold Swift & Company to Brazil’s JBS S.A., the largest beef processor in South America and one of the largest worldwide beef exporters. Swift was the 3rd largest processor of beef and pork in America and the biggest processor of beef in Australia.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.74)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JBS_USA)

2007        Jul 18, NYC and New Jersey claimed $170.2 million in anti-terrorism funds, LA and Long Beach, Ca., claimed $72.6 million, DC claimed $61.7 million, Chicago got $47.3 million, the SF Bay Area got $34.1 million and Houston got $25 million.
    (SFC, 7/19/07, p.B3)

2007        Jul 20, Kevin Andre Smoot (43), a former executive of Eagle Global Logistics’ freight forwarding station in Houston, a company that shipped military cargo to Iraq, pleaded guilty to lying about a fraud scheme that bilked the government out of more than a million dollars. Smoot admitted that he lied to federal investigators who questioned him about a scheme to inflate invoices by adding a "war risk surcharge" of 50 cents for each kilogram of freight transported to Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/21/07)

2007        Jul 24, Riley Ann Sawyers (2) died after being whipped with belts and flung across a room like a rag doll. On October 29 her body, dubbed Baby Grace, was found inside a plastic box in Galveston Bay. In 2009 a jury convicted Riley's mother, Kimberly Dawn Trenor (20), of capital murder. The conviction brought an automatic sentence of life in prison without parole. Her husband, Royce Clyde Zeigler II (25), was convicted of capital murder on Nov 6, 2009, and was also expected to receive a life sentence.
    (AP, 2/3/09)(SFC, 11/7/09, p.A4)(http://baby.grace.50megs.com/)

2007        Aug 19, Fierce storms from the upper Mississippi to Texas since last week left 22 people dead. Six people died in floodwaters across Oklahoma after heavy rains from the remains of Tropical Storm Erin drenched the state. As much as 9 inches of rain fell across a wide swath of Oklahoma, leaving roadways under 5 feet of water. 8 people were reported dead in Texas and 6 dead in Minnesota.
    (Reuters, 8/20/07)(SFC, 8/21/07, p.A6)(AP, 8/22/07)

2007        Aug 22, The Texas Rangers became the first team in 110 years to score 30 runs in a game, setting an American League record in a 30-3 rout of the Baltimore Orioles in the first game of a doubleheader.
    (AP, 8/22/08)
2007        Aug 22, The death toll across the Upper Midwest and from the remnants of Tropical Storm Erin that swept Texas, Oklahoma and Missouri over the past week rose to at least 26. Three people were electrocuted by lightning at a bus stop in Madison, Wis.
    (AP, 8/23/07)

2007        Aug 27, Police arrested Paul Devoe III (43) in Shirley, NY, following 5 recent murders in Texas and one in Pennsylvania. On December 19, 2007, the Texas Travis County District Attorney announced his office's intention to pursue the death penalty. In 2009 Devoe was sentenced to death for the 2007 slaying of two Jonestown, Texas, teenage girls.
     (SFC, 8/28/07, p.A6)(www.nytimes.com/2007/08/28/us/28texas.html)(SFC, 10/9/09, p.A4)

2007        Sep 8, In Odessa, Texas, 2 police officers responding to a domestic disturbance were killed and a third was critically wounded by a gunman who led authorities on an hours-long standoff. Gunman Larry White (58) was shot in the abdomen but was in stable condition.
    (AP, 9/9/07)

2007        Sep 13, Humberto, the first hurricane to hit the US Gulf Coast in two years, sneaked up on southeast Texas overnight and crashed ashore with heavy rains and 80 mph winds. One man died when a carport collapsed on him.
    (AP, 9/13/07)

2007        Sep 25, NRG Energy of Princeton, NJ, submitted permission to build 2 nuclear reactors in Texas.
    (SFC, 9/25/07, p.A3)

2007        Sep 27, The US Supreme Court halted the execution of Carlton Turner Jr. (28), a man convicted of killing his parents in Texas, after already agreeing to review lethal injection procedures in Kentucky. Turner was 19 when he shot Carlton Turner Sr., (43) and Tonya Turner (40) several times in the head. Turner was executed on Jul 10, 2008.
    (AP, 9/28/07)(SFC, 7/10/08, p.A4)

2007        Oct 9, In Texas Ronald Taylor (47), who spent a dozen years in prison for a rape he didn't commit, was freed based on DNA evidence. He became the third inmate to be released because of problems with the Houston Police Department's crime lab.
    (AP, 10/9/07)

2007        Oct 22, A federal judge in Dallas declared a mistrial for former leaders of the Texas-based Holy Land Foundation, a Muslim charity accused of funding terrorism.
    (AP, 10/22/08)

2007        Nov 14, In Texas Joe Horn (62) shot and killed two suspected burglars, with bags in hand, crawling out of windows from his neighbor's home in the Houston suburb of Pasadena. In 2008 a jury acquitted Horn of murder.
    (AP, 7/1/08)

2007        Dec 5, It was reported that the world’s largest helium reserve near Amarillo, Texas, was expected to run out by 2015. The Bush Dome, begun as a reserve by the government in 1925, supplied 35% of the world’s current usage.
    (WSJ, 12/5/07, p.B1)

2007        Dec 12, Three British oil executives pleaded guilty in a Houston court to price-fixing. They were accused of conspiring from 1999-2007 to fix the prices of millions of dollars worth of marine hoses used to transfer oil between tankers and storage facilities. They were permitted to return to Britain and to plead guilty to charges there.
    (www.thelawyer.com/cgi-bin/item.cgi?id=130424&d=415&h=417&f=416)

2007        Dec 23, High wind and ice coated power lines blacked out tens of thousands of people in the Midwest. The storm was blamed for at least 22 deaths. At least 8 people in Minnesota, 5 in Wisconsin, 3 each in Indiana and Wyoming and one each in Michigan, Texas and Kansas were killed in traffic accidents.
    (AP, 12/23/07)(WSJ, 12/24/07, p.A1)(SFC, 12/25/07, p.A11)

2007        Texas voters approved a bond measure for the creation of the Cancer Prevention Research Institute of Texas.
    (SSFC, 10/14/12, p.A16)

2008        Jan 1, By state law strip clubs in Texas began imposing a $5 surcharge, dubbed the “pole tax,” providing the state with an estimated $40 million in annual revenue. Most of the proceeds were to go to programs supporting victims of sexual assault.
    (Econ, 1/5/08, p.28)
 
2008        Jan 4, In Texas Jana Shearer (21), the girlfriend of Christopher Lee McCuin (25), was taken by McCuin from her home and killed. McCuin was arrested Jan 5 after police found that he had cooked parts of her body and may have tried to eat them. On Dec 7 McCuin was found dead in his jail cell.
    (AP, 1/7/08)(AP, 12/8/08)

2008        Jan 15, A US District judge ordered the border city of Eagle Pass, Texas, to surrender 233 acres to the federal government for the construction of a border fence by the Homeland Security Dept.
    (SFC, 1/17/08, p.A5)

2008        Jan 16, Texas was ranked as the biggest polluter in the US, making it the 7th worst in the world if it were its own nation.
    (WSJ, 1/17/08, p.A1)

2008        Jan 17, A US federal judge struck down Texas laws barring out-of-state retailers from shipping wine to consumers.
    (WSJ, 1/18/08, p.A1)

2008        Jan 30, Fr. Marcial Maciel Degollado (b.1920), Mexican Roman Catholic priest who founded the Legion of Christ and the Regnum Christi movement (1941), died in Texas.
    (www.nytimes.com/2008/02/01/world/americas/01maciel.html)

2008        Feb 12, A US federal appeals court has overturned a statute outlawing sex toy sales in Texas, one of the last states, all in the South, to retain such a ban.
    (AP, 2/13/08)

2008        Feb 22, In Texas 3 British bankers were sentenced to just over three years in prison for their roles in a fraudulent scheme with former Enron Chief Financial Officer Andrew Fastow, and they're hoping to serve some of that time back home.
    (AP, 2/22/08)

2008        Mar 1, In Emory, Texas, a teenage girl joined her boyfriend and two others to help kill her mother and 2 brothers (8,13). Her parents had demanded that she break up with her boyfriend. Terry Caffey, the father, survived with 5 shots.
    (SFC, 3/3/08, p.A4)

2008        Mar 4, John McCain clinched the Republican nomination. Hillary Clinton won primaries in Texas, Ohio and Rhode Island, halting Barack Obama's winning streak. Obama won in Vermont. Obama came away with a large share of delegates, too, in counting that continued.
    (AP, 3/5/08)

2008        Mar 7, Texas oilman David Chalmers was sentenced to two years in prison after admitting to paying millions of dollars in kickbacks to Iraq in connection with the UN oil-for-food program.
    (AP, 3/8/08)

2008        Mar 28, The US Transportation Security Administration said it will change they way its officers search passengers with body piercings after a Texas woman complained she was forced to remove a nipple ring with pliers in order to board an airplane.
    (AP, 3/29/08)

2008        Mar, Ahmed Muhammed Dhakane of Somalia was arrested on immigration charges in Brownsville, across the Rio Grande from Matamoros, Mexico. In 2011 Dhakane (25) was sentenced to 10 years in prison for failing to acknowledge ties to two global terrorist groups.
    (AP, 4/29/11)

2008        Apr 4, Child welfare officials scrambled to find foster homes for dozens of girls removed from a secretive West Texas religious retreat built by polygamist leader Warren Jeffs after a 16-year-old living there complained of physical abuse. By April 8 Texas had taken 416 children into protective custody. Some 140 women came along voluntarily. It was later reported that over half of the teenage girls from the Yearning for Zion Ranch had children or were pregnant. The number of 14-17 year old girls with children was later reduced as ages became confirmed. On May 22 a state appeals court ruled that authorities had no right to take children from the polygamist compound. In 2009 jurors convicted sect member Raymond Jessop (38) of sexually assaulting a girl, who became pregnant at age 16. By 2012 legal costs associated with the case approached $20 million.
    (AP, 4/5/08)(Econ, 4/12/08, p.36)(WSJ, 4/29/08, p.A1)(SFC, 5/17/08, p.A2)(SFC, 5/23/08, p.A2)(SFC, 11/6/09, p.A6)(SFC, 4/4/12, p.A6)

2008        Apr 6, In Texas Erick Daniel Davila (21) opened fire at a child’s birthday party killing Annette Stevenson (48), her granddaughter (5) died the next day.
    (SFC, 4/9/08, p.A4)

2008        Apr 10, Powerful storms brought hail, heavy rain and possible tornadoes to Arkansas, Texas, and Oklahoma, causing flooding and power outages for thousands of customers and at least one death.
    (AP, 4/10/08)

2008        Apr 11, Crystle Stewart (26), of Missouri City, Texas, was named Miss USA, besting 50 other beauty queens for the coveted crown in Las Vegas.
    (AP, 4/12/08)

2008        Apr 29, James Woodward (55) walked out of a Dallas court after DNA testing overturned his conviction over 27 years ago for the murder and rape of his girlfriend.
    (Reuters, 4/30/08)

2008        Apr, In Lufkin, Texas, nurse Kimberly Saenz (34) injected 10 patients at a dialysis clinic with bleach killing five of them. In 2009 she was charged with murder and assault. In 2012 Saenz was sentenced to life in prison with no chance for parole.
    (SFC, 4/2/09, p.A7)(SFC, 4/3/12, p.A7)

2008        Jun 8, In Texas a medical helicopter crashed on an isolated ranch in Sam Houston National Forest, killing a patient and three crew members.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 8, In the Gulf of Mexico 4 college students from Texas and a safety officer were rescued after spending some 26 hours in choppy seas following the sinking of their 38-foot Cynthia Woods, which was competing in the Regatta de Amigos. Safety officer Roger Stone died in the capsized vessel.
    (SFC, 6/9/08, p.A3)

2008        Jun 16, It was reported that Texas businessman Bassam Nabulsi had a federal lawsuit against Sheik Issa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, a son of the late UAE president and brother of Abu Dhabi's crown prince. Nabulsi said he safeguarded the sheik's most important documents: financial records, investment documents, and videotapes showing the sheik torturing people with a cattle prod and a spiked plank.
    (AP, 6/16/08)

2008        Jun 26, US Air Force Col. Samuel Lofton III was sentenced to 9 years in prison and kicked out of the military for assaulting a woman and other crimes at Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas.
    (SFC, 6/27/08, p.A3)

2008        Jun 27, In Piedras Negras, Mexico, Chad Foster, the mayor of Eagle Pass, Texas, attended a tree planting ceremony for the first of 400,000 trees which will form a "green wall" in protest of the fence the US is building along the border with Mexico.
    (AP, 6/28/08)

2008        Jul 8, T. Boone Pickens, energy baron, announced his “Pickens Plan” for installing wind turbines in parts of four Texas Panhandle counties. The plans were scrapped in 2009 due to lack of transmission lines.
    (AP, 7/7/09)

2008        Jul 18, In Houston, Texas, one of the nation's largest mobile cranes collapsed at LyondellBasell refinery, killing four workers. An additional 7 workers were injured when the crane collapsed during routine maintenance at the chemical plant.
    (AP, 7/19/08)

2008        Jul 21, The US FDA issued an advisory for consumers to avoid eating uncooked jalapeno peppers after it found a jalapeno grown in Mexico in a Texas border town warehouse that tested positive with the same strain of salmonella that was earlier associated with tomatoes.
    (SFC, 7/22/08, p.A10)

2008        Jul 23, Hurricane Dolly toppled trees and sent billboards flying in the Mexican city of Matamoros, and authorities south of the US border warned of possible flooding. Dolly also hit south Texas, but by evening it had weakened to a tropical storm.
    (AP, 7/24/08)(SFC, 7/24/08, p.A3)

2008        Jul 25, Texas nurse Chere Lyn Tomayko, wanted by the FBI for international parental kidnapping, was awarded refugee status in Costa Rica and cannot be extradited to the US. In December 1996, a US judge gave joint custody of a daughter, Alexandria Camille Cyprian, to Tomayko and her ex-boyfriend Robert Cyprian, with the condition that Alexandria live in Tarrant County, Texas. Tomayko said she moved to Costa Rica because she had been physically abused by Cyprian.
    (AP, 7/26/08)

2008        Aug 5, Texas executed Jose Medellin (33) for the 1993 rape and killing of two teenage girls in Houston. Mexico protested the execution, which took place despite a world court ruling for a new hearing, and expressed concern for the rights of other Mexicans detained in the US. On Jan 19, 2009, the International Court of Justice at The Hague ruled that the US defied its order when authorities in Texas last year executed a Mexican convicted of rape and murder.
    (AP, 8/6/08)(AP, 1/19/09)

2008        Aug 8, In Texas a charter bus carrying Vietnamese worshippers on a pilgrimage ran off a highway overpass north of Dallas and plunged onto a roadway below. 15 people were killed and 40 injured.
    (AP, 8/8/08)

2008        Aug 9, Mahmoud Darwish (67), a Palestinian poet, died, died in Houston. His poetry eloquently told of his people's experiences of exile, occupation and infighting.
    (AP, 8/10/08)

2008        Aug 15, In Texas store clerk Mindy Daffern (46) was abducted in the north Texas town of Scotland. Wallace Bowman Jr. (30) was identified by a security camera and led investigators to her body the next day.
    (SFC, 8/18/08, p.A3)(www.wafb.com/global/story.asp?s=8854535)

2008        Sep 3, Albert J. Stanley (65), former Halliburton executive, pleaded guilty in Houston to orchestrating over $180 million in bribes to senior Nigerian government officials from 1995-2004 for the construction of liquefied natural gas facilities. The bribes began when Stanley worked for M.W. Kellogg, a unit of Dresser Industries that was acquired by Halliburton in 1998, when Dick Cheney served as CEO. Stanley also pleaded guilty to taking $10.8 million in kickbacks from a consortium of construction firms involved in the LNG contracts between 1992-2003. Stanley was sentenced to 7 years in prison and ordered to repay Halliburton $10.8 million.
    (WSJ, 9/4/08, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/5/08, p.B1)

2008        Sep 3, In Pasadena, Texas, a suburb of Houston, Dannette Gillespie (38) orchestrated her daughter (15) and Vanessa Anne Ocampo (19) in the robbery and killing of Eugene Palma (75), which netted them $15. On Sep 7 all three were charged with murder.
    (www.truecrimereport.com/2008/09/mother_of_the_year_dannette_gi.php)

2008        Sep 9, San Antonio, Texas, unveiled a deal that will make it the first US city to harvest methane gas from human waste on a commercial scale and turn it into clean-burning fuel.
    (Reuters, 9/9/08)

2008        Sep 13, Hurricane Ike ravaged the Texas coast with 110 mph winds, flooding thousands of homes and businesses, shattering windows in Houston's skyscrapers and knocking out power to millions of people. Ike left at least 37 people dead in Texas, including 5 on Galveston Island, and 35 more dead across 10 states. Galveston later requested $2.2 billion in disaster relief. This amounted to about $36,000 per resident. Officials later estimated that damages from Ike could exceed $50 billion.
    (SFC, 9/15/08, p.A6)(SFC, 9/17/08, p.A8)(SFC, 9/23/08, p.A3)(SFC, 10/13/08, p.A2)(Econ, 10/4/08, p.34)

2008        Sep 16, In Texas the torn apart body of Brandon McClelland (24), a black man, was found  on a rural road near Paris. He had crossed the border to Oklahoma the previous evening with friends Finley and Charles Ryan Crostley (27) to buy beer. In 2009 murder charges were dropped against Finley and Crostley due to lack of evidence.
    (SFC, 10/25/08, p.A5)(SFC, 6/5/09, p.A6)

2008        Oct 3, United States Protection and Investigations, a Houston security company, was indicted on charges of defrauding the US government for work done during the Afghanistan war and rebuilding efforts.
    (AP, 10/3/08)

2008        Oct 14, Reymundo Guerra, sheriff of rural Starr County, Texas, next to the Mexican border, was arrested at his office after being indicted on charges alleging he was involved in a large-scale cocaine and marijuana smuggling operation.
    (AP, 10/15/08)

2008        Nov 17, Vice President Dick Cheney and former Attorney General Alberto Gonzales were indicted on state charges involving federal prisons in a South Texas county that has been a source of bizarre legal and political battles under the outgoing prosecutor. Cheney was charged with engaging in an organized criminal activity related to the vice president's investment in the Vanguard Group, which holds financial interests in the private prison companies running the federal detention centers. It accuses Cheney of a conflict of interest and "at least misdemeanor assaults" on detainees because of his link to the prison companies. The indictment accused Gonzales of using his position while in office to stop an investigation in 2006 into abuses at one of the privately-run prisons. On Dec 1 a Texas judge dismissed the indictments against Cheney and Gonzales.
    (AP, 11/19/08)(SFC, 12/2/08, p.A8)

2008        Nov 19, Germany chemical company BASF SE said it is temporarily closing 80 plants worldwide due to slumping demand and cutting production at 100 more, including facilities in Texas and Louisiana. Some 20,000 workers are affected.
    (AP, 11/19/08)

2008        Nov 24, The US government won a terrorism conviction against Texas-based Holy Land, what had been the nation's largest Muslim charity, and five of its leaders for funneling millions of dollars to the Palestinian militant group Hamas. Holy Land supporters accused the government of politicizing the case as part of its war on terrorism, while attorneys for the foundation said Holy Land's mission was philanthropy and providing aid to the Middle East.
    (AP, 11/25/08)

2008        Nov 27, A sport utility vehicle carrying 8 people from Texas plunged off an unfinished bridge into a river in northern Mexico, causing the death of three adults and four children.
    (AP, 11/28/08)

2008        Dec 22, In Texas a gunman in pickup truck killed two people and injuring another in a series of rush hour shootings on Dallas-area roads. The next day police identified Brian Smith (37), a former Utah state trooper, as the shooter. Smith died Dec 24 from a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
    (AP, 12/23/08)(SFC, 12/24/08, p.A3)(SFC, 12/25/08, p.A6)

2009        Jan 14, Trammell Crow (b.1914, Texas real estate developer, died. His projects included the Dallas Decorative Center (1955) and the 10-million square foot Dallas Market Center. In the 1970s and 1980s Crow was the nation’s biggest real estate developer. In 1981 he founded Wyndham Co., which became one of the nation’s largest hotel chains. 
    (WSJ, 1/17/09, p.A5)

2009        Jan 19, President George W. Bush In his final acts of clemency granted early prison releases to Jose Alonso Compean and Ignacio Ramos, two former Texas-based US Border Patrol agents whose convictions for shooting a Mexican drug dealer in 2005 fueled the national debate over illegal immigration.
    (AP, 1/20/09)(SFC, 1/20/09, p.A3)

2009        Jan 28, President Barack Obama signed requests from Kentucky Gov. Steve Beshear and Arkansas Gov. Mike Beebe for federal emergency declarations as crews worked around the clock to resurrect power lines downed by thick ice in both states. Since the storm began building on Jan 26, the weather has been blamed for at least six deaths in Texas, four in Arkansas, three in Virginia, six in Missouri, two in Oklahoma, and one each in Indiana and Ohio.
    (AP, 1/29/09)

2009        Feb 17, The US federal government said Texas financier R. Allen Stanford's investment businesses were too good to be true, and shut his companies down. The SEC charged Stanford (58) with an $8 billion fraud. On Feb 19 Stanford was tracked down in Virginia, where FBI agents served him with civil complaint legal papers.
    (AP, 2/17/09)(WSJ, 2/18/09, p.A1)(AP, 2/19/09)

2009        Feb 18, In Antigua panicky depositors were turned away from Stanford International Bank and some of its Latin American affiliates, unable to withdraw their money after US regulators accused Texas financier R. Allen Stanford of perpetrating an $8 billion fraud against his companies' investors.
    (AP, 2/19/09)

2009        Feb, A Texas grand jury returned a 106-count indictment against the former Montague Sheriff Bill Keating and 16 others. It revealed that inmates had the run of County Jail, having sex with their jailer girlfriends, bringing in recliners, taking drugs and chatting on cell phones supplied by friends or guards.
    (AP, 3/17/09)

2009        Mar 4, In Texas Kenneth Wayne Morris was executed for killing a Houston man in a botched burglary nearly 18 years ago.
    (SFC, 3/5/09, p.A6)

2009        Mar 12, Texas Gov. Rick Perry announced that he turned down $555 million of federal stimulus funding that would expand the state's unemployment benefits, saying the money would have required the state to keep paying for the expanded benefits after the stimulus money ran out.
    (AP, 3/12/09)

2009        Mar 16, In northern Mexico a tractor-trailer slammed into a bus carrying Canadian and US tourists, killing 11. The bus was carrying a group of Texas retirees from McAllen, Texas, to the northern Mexican state of Zacatecas when a drunken driver lost control of his tractor-trailer outside the city of Saltillo.
    (AP, 3/17/09)(WSJ, 3/18/09, p.A10)

2009        Mar 27, The Texas Board of Education approved a science curriculum opening the door for teachers and texts to raise doubts about evolution.
    (WSJ, 3/28/09, p.A1)

2009        Apr 4, In Texas Jorge Alberto Mendez (42) was arrested while trying to cross into Mexico from El Paso, where he lived. He was arrested for allegedly raping 19 women across the border in the northern Mexican city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 4/7/09)

2009        Apr 7, In Texas Jon Dale Jones (46), a former Army hospital nurse, pleaded guilty to assault and theft. He was accused of infecting 15 patients with hepatitis C. Jones was arrested on federal charges in March of 2008 for using dirty needles to administer anesthesia, and accused of stealing painkillers for himself.
    (SFC, 4/8/09, p.A5)(www.mahalo.com/Jon_Dale_Jones)

2009        Apr 12, In Texas 2 firefighters were killed while battling a house fire in Houston.
    (SFC, 4/13/09, p.A4)

2009        Apr 17, A US federal judge sentenced John Philip Hernandez of Houston to 8 years in prison for buying military-style firearms and that ended up in the hands of Mexico’s drug cartels. Prosecutors said Hernandez led a group that purchased 339 weapons over 15 months.
    (SFC, 4/18/09, p.A4)

2009        Apr 18, In Texas 5 Houston children died after their sedan slid into a rain-swollen ditch when driver Chanton Jenkins (32) lost control while trying to answer a cell phone. Police the next day filed intoxication manslaughter charges against Jenkins, the father of 3 of the victims.
    (AP, 4/19/09)(AP, 4/20/09)(WSJ, 4/20/09, p.A7)

2009        Apr 29, The WHO raised its alert for swine flu from level 4 to level 5, its 2nd highest alert level. Austria and Germany confirmed cases of swine flu, becoming the third and fourth European countries hit by the disease. US health officials reported that a 23-month-old child in Texas has died from the disease. The World Health Organization called an emergency meeting to consider its pandemic alert level.
    (AP, 4/29/09)(SFC, 4/30/09, p.A8)

2009        Apr 30, In Texas Derrick Lamone Johnson was executed for the 1999 rape and murder of LaTausha Curry (25) abducted while she trying to make a call at a pay phone. He was the 14th Texas prisoner executed this year.
    (SFC, 5/1/09, p.A8)

2009        May 1, In south Texas Reymundo Guerra, former sheriff of Starr county, pleaded guilty to a drug trafficking charge for sharing law enforcement information with a Mexican drug ring.
    (SFC, 5/2/09, p.A4)

2009        May 11, US District Judge Samuel Kent was sentenced to 3 years in prison for lying to investigators about sexually abusing 2 female employees at his Galveston, Texas, courthouse. Kent had pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice as his trial was about to start in February. This was the first sex abuse case ever against a sitting federal judge.
    (SFC, 5/12/09, p.A5)

2009        May 20, Eric Yang (13), Singapore-born Texas student, won the National Geographic Bee and took home a $25,000 college scholarship.
    (SFC, 5/21/09, p.A7)

2009        May 26, Russia's uranium export company signed a groundbreaking $1 billion package of contracts to supply three US utilities with enriched fuel for nuclear power plants. Tenex signed contracts to provide enriched uranium fuel to San Francisco, California-based Pacific Gas & Electric Company; St. Louis, Missouri-based AmerenUE; and Dallas, Texas-based Luminant. Tenex will supply fuel to the US utilities from 2014 through 2020 under the contracts, which provide the option for renewal.
    (AP, 5/26/09)

2009        May 27, In Texas authorities indicted 51 defendants on state charges in Fort Bend County, while 22 were indicted on federal charges for distributing anabolic steroids, human growth hormones and other drugs.
    (AP, 5/28/09)
2009        May 27, In Texas Shukri Abu Baker (50) and Ghassan Elashi (55), founding members of the Holyland Foundation for Relief and Development, were sentenced to 65 years in prison for funneling millions of dollars to the Palestinian militant group Hamas. They were among 5 members of the group sentenced to prison.
    (SFC, 5/28/09, p.A5)

2009        May 29, In Texas a Houston jury convicted Philippe Padieu (53) of Houston to 45 years in prison for knowingly infecting 6 women with the AIDS virus.
    (SFC, 5/30/09, p.A4)

2009        Jun 19, The US House impeached  imprisoned US District Judge Samuel Kent of Texas for lying about sexual assaults of two women. Kent (59) entered a federal prison in Massachusetts on June 15 to serve a 33-month sentence. He pleaded guilty last month to lying to judicial investigators about sexual assaults of two female employees. Kent was refusing to resign until next year so he can continue to draw his $174,000 a year salary. If he is convicted of the impeachment charges in the Senate, he will be forced off the bench.
    (AP, 6/19/09)

2009        Jun 19, Federal prosecutors in Virginia indicted Texas financier Allen Stanford (59) and 4 others on fraud and other charges in connection with a multi-billion Ponzi scheme.
    (SFC, 6/20/09, p.C2)

2009        Jun 26, In Texas security guard Jesse William McGraw (25), head of the Elecktronik Tribulation Army, was arrested for hacking into computers at a Dallas medical clinic in hopes of launching a massive computer attack around July 4.
    (SFC, 7/1/09, p.A4)

2009        Jun, Sludge containing PCBs, released into the Hudson River between 1946-1977 by 2 General Electric plants, began to be shipped for disposal to West Texas. The sludge along 197 miles had been declared a Superfund site. Cleanup of the Hudson River began in 2009 at an estimated cost of $750 million, to be paid by GE.
    (SFC, 11/29/00, p.A10)(SFC, 5/16/09, p.A5)(SFC, 6/22/09, p.A9)

2009        Aug 14, Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme (60), the Charles Manson follower convicted of trying to assassinate President Gerald Ford in 1975, was released from a Texas prison hospital after more than three decades behind bars.
    (AP, 8/14/09)

2009        Aug 21, Guaranty Bank became the 2nd-largest US bank to fail this year after the Texas lender was shut down by regulators and most of its operations sold at a loss of billions of dollars for the US government to a major Spanish bank. Guaranty's failure, along with those of three small banks in Georgia and Alabama, brought to 81 the number of US bank failures this year.
    (AP, 8/22/09)

2009        Sep 3, Sergio Saucedo (30), a drug trafficker, was taken from his home in Horizon City, outside of El Paso, Texas. He was murdered and mutilated in Ciudad Juarez in retaliation for the loss of 700 pounds (315 kilos) of marijuana seized by border patrol agents. His body was found on Sep 8. On April 1, 2011, the West Texas Federal Court jury found Cesar Obregon-Reyes and Rafael Vega guilty of abducting Sergio Saucedo from his home.
    (AP, 3/20/10)(http://tinyurl.com/m7lpok)(AP, 4/2/11)

2009        Sep 16, Brazil JBS company announced that Texas-based chicken processor Pilgrim’s Pride has agreed to be taken over for $800 million. This and a pending acquisition with Bertin, another Brazilian firm, would make JBS the world’s largest processor of meat.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.74)(http://tinyurl.com/yb7czq9)

2009        Sep 23, In Texas Maria Refugia Camarillo (72), a Fort Worth grandmother, was sentenced to nearly 4 years in prison for running a scheme in which her family members married scores of foreigners seeking to stay in the US.
    (SFC, 9/24/09, p.A7)

2009        Sep 24, In Texas Hosam Maher Husein Smadi (19) parked what he thought was an explosive laden truck in a parking garage beneath the 60-story Fountain Place office tower in Dallas. FBI agents had provided Smadi with the truck. Smadi was indicted the next day.
    (SFC, 9/26/09, p.A6)

2009        Oct 5, Don Hill, a former Dallas Mayor Pro Tem, was convicted in a bribery and extortion scheme that prosecutors called the largest in Dallas history.
    (SFC, 10/6/09, p.A5)

2009        Oct 9, Stephen Pechenik (78), the president of a San Antonio company, pleaded guilty to charges that he conspired to receive and sell petroleum stolen from Mexico's oil giant, Petroleos Mexicanos, or Pemex. He was the 4th Texas oil executive to plead guilty to felony charges of conspiring to receive and sell stolen petroleum condensate. Much of the Mexican oil rustling was traced to the Zetas, a criminal group founded by former military commandos.
    (SFC, 12/15/09, p.A26)(http://tinyurl.com/yjs42ms)

2009        Oct 22, US authorities arrested over 300 people in 38 cities in a sting against Mexico’s La Familia drug operations in the US. At least 84 were arrested in Dallas as part of Operation Coronado.
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.A12)(SFC, 12/12/09, p.A4)

2009        Oct 30, US banking regulators closed nine banks in California, Illinois, Texas and Arizona. They were all divisions of privately held FBOP Corp. based in Oak Park, Ill.
    (SSFC, 11/1/09, p.A15)

2009        Nov 5, At Fort Hood, Texas, Army Major Nidal Malik Hasan (39) shot 13 people dead. Hasan, a psychiatrist, was among 30 people wounded in the shooting spree and remained hospitalized on a ventilator. Kimberly Munley (34), a civilian police officer, shot at Hassan and was herself shot in both thighs and the wrist. Sgt. Mark Todd shot at Hasan and brought him down. Soldiers reported that the Hasan shouted "Allahu Akbar!" — an Arabic phrase for "God is great!" — before opening fire. Hasan was apparently set to deploy soon and had expressed some anger about the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 11/6/09)(SFC, 11/7/09, p.A10)(AP, 11/13/09)

2009        Nov 18, In Texas Danielle Simpson (30) was executed by lethal injection for the Jan, 2000, abduction and slaying of Geraldine Davidson (84). Simpson became the 22nd prisoner executed in Texas this year.
    (www.palestineherald.com/breakingnews/local_story_322195228.html)

2009        Nov 19, Texas executed Robert Lee Thompson (34), for his role in a fatal store holdup 13 years earlier. Triggerman Sammy Butler had gunned store clerk Mansoor Bhai Rahim but received a life sentence. Thompson was the 23 inmate executed in Texas this year.
    (SFC, 11/20/09, p.A7)

2009        Dec 12, Houston became the largest US city to elect an openly gay mayor, with voters handing a solid victory to City Controller Annise Parker (53) after a hotly contested runoff.
    (AP, 12/13/09)

2009        Bryan Burrough authored “The Big Rich: The Rise and Fall of the Greatest Texas Oil Fortunes.” It entered on H.L Hunt, Sid Richardson, Clint Murchinson and Hugh Roy Cullen, known as the Big Four of Texas oil.
    (WSJ, 2/4/09, p.A11)

2009        In Dallas, Texas, the new Bill and Margot Winspear Opera House, designed by Norman Foster, opened on Flora Street in the Dallas Arts District. Across the street the new Dee and Charles Wyly Theater, designed by Joshua Prince-Ramos and Rem Koolhaas, also opened.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.42)

2010        Jan 12, Texas-based Apache Corp. said it made its sixth oil and gas discovery in the Faghur Basin play in Egypt's far Western Desert near the Libyan border.
    (AP, 1/12/10)

2010        Jan 17, In Texas 5 people were gunned down in a small home in Bellville. A man (20) who lived with them was arrested after trying to break into a nearby house.
    (SFC, 1/19/10, p.A6)

2010        Jan 23, In Texas an 800-foot oil tanker and towing vessel collided spilling oil in the southeast port of Port Arthur. The spill, estimated at 462,000 gallons, was contained to a 2-mile area along the Sabine Neches Waterway.
    (AP, 1/24/10)(SSFC, 1/24/10, p.A10)(SFC, 1/26/10, p.A8)

2010        Jan 29, In Mexico a Texas man and his girlfriend were sentenced to nine years in prison for recruiting Mexican women to give birth in the US and sell their babies to couples there. Amado Torres, of Harlingen, Texas, and Maria Isabel Hernandez, of Mexico, had allegedly paid women up to $3,000 for their newborns.
    (AP, 2/10/10)

2010        Feb 4, A US federal judge declared a mistrial in the case of Gerardo Castillo Chavez, an alleged drug cartel hit man, after a jury in the Texas-Mexico border town of Laredo acquitted him on a gun charge and deadlocked on other charges. Chavez, also known as "Cachetes" or "Cheeks" in Spanish, was accused of being a member of the Mexican Gulf Cartel's hit squads that killed and kidnapped people in Laredo in 2005 and 2006.
    (AP, 2/4/10)

2010        Feb 10, Charlie Wilson (b.1933), former Texas congressman (1973-1996), died. His deal-making funneled millions of dollars in weapons to Afghanistan to back rebels fighting the Soviet Army. He was also known as “Good Time Charlie” for his reputation as a hard-drinking womanizer. In 2003 George Crile authored “Charlie Wilson's War: The Extraordinary Story of How the Wildest Man in Congress and a Rogue CIA Agent Changed the History of Our Times.” In 2007 the film “Charlie Wilson's War” starred Tom Hanks as Charlie Wilson.
    (SFC, 2/11/10, p.A8)(Econ, 2/20/10, p.84)

2010        Feb 18, In Texas Joe Stack (b.1956), a software engineer, committed suicide by slamming his single-engine Piper PA-28 into an Austin office building that houses the IRS. One person was missing and 13 were injured. Stack felt the federal government, especially its tax code, had robbed him of his savings and destroyed his career while allowing corrupt executives to walk away with millions.
    (AP, 2/19/10)(SFC, 2/19/10, p.A6)

2010        Feb 24, In Texas Osiel Cardenas-Guillen, a drug kingpin who once headed the extensive Matamoros-based Gulf cartel, one of Mexico's most notoriously violent cartels, was sentenced to 25 years in prison and ordered to forfeit $50 million, following a closed hearing in Houston. Cardenas-Guillen was the first cartel leader to employ a paramilitary group, former Mexican special forces soldiers who called themselves the Zetas.
    (AP, 2/24/10)

2010        Feb 25, In Texas a copy of the 1939 comic book, Detective Comics No. 27, in which Batman makes his debut, sold at a Dallas auction for more than $1 million, breaking a record set just three days earlier by a Superman comic. A copy of the first comic book featuring Superman, a 1938 edition of Action Comics No. 1, sold on Feb 22 for $1 million.
    (AP, 2/26/10)

2010        Mar 16, In Texas a tour bus headed for Mexico crashed and killed 2 people.
    (AP, 3/17/10)

2010        Mar 18, US federal and state agents swept across the El Paso area to round up and question members of the Barrio Azteca gang, which is believed to be behind the recent murder of US consular workers in neighboring Ciudad Juarez. Seven people were arrested.
    (AFP, 3/19/10)

2010        Mar 23, In Texas 4 police officers were captured on videotape beating burglary suspect Chad Holley (16). The 4 officers were fired. In 2012 former officer Andrew Blomberg was found not guilty of official oppression.
    (SFC, 5/17/12, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/75oebn2)

2010        Apr 11, In Texas more than 20,000 people gathered at tailgate parties and other spots to watch fireworks go off one last time over Texas Stadium before a ton of dynamite lit up the Dallas Cowboys' longtime home and brought it to the ground. The Cowboys played 38 seasons in Texas Stadium, winning five Super Bowls during that time.
    (AP, 4/11/10)

2010        Apr 24, The Texas Rangers filed for bankruptcy. Hicks Sports Group, the holding company that owns the Rangers, stopped paying interest on its $525 million of debts last year.
    (Econ, 5/29/10, p.64)

2010        Apr 27, A Texas inmate, Samuel Bustamante (40), was executed evening for fatally stabbing an illegal immigrant during an attempted robbery a dozen years ago. Bustamante was convicted of the 1998 slaying of Rafael Alvarado (27), a Mexican national in Fort Bend County, southwest of Houston, who became a target of what Bustamante and some of his friends called "shopping trips" where they would hunt illegal immigrants, then beat and rob them.
    (AP, 4/27/10)

2010        May 1, Elisabeth Mandala (18), a Texas high school student, and two Mexican men were found dead in a crashed pickup truck near Mina, in the northeastern state of Nuevo Leon. Autopsies revealed that all three died from severe blows to the head and body. Mandala, a senior at Kempner High School in Sugar Land, Texas, was last seen April 27 leaving her mother's home. The two men killed were taxi driver Luis Angel Estrella Mondragon (44) and merchant Dante Ruiz Siller (38).
    (AP, 5/6/10)

2010        May 3, Rabbi David Forman, founder of Rabbis for Human Rights, a prominent group defending Palestinians, died in Dallas, Texas. Forman founded Rabbis for Human Rights in 1988 and led it until 1992. He served as its chairman again from 2002-2003.
    (AP, 5/4/10)

2010        May 21, The Texas State Board of Education adopted a social studies and history curriculum that amended or watered down the teaching of civil rights, slavery, America’s relationship with the UN and hundreds of other items.
    (SFC, 5/22/10, p.A6)

2010        May 25, The US EPA barred Texas from issuing an operating permit to a refinery on Corpus Christi and said it would do the same to dozens in other cases in which it believes the state is violating the Clean Air Act.
    (SFC, 5/26/10, p.A4)

2010        Jun 7, A US Border Patrol agent shot and killed Sergio Adrian Hernandez Huereca (14) after a confrontation at an international bridge near downtown El Paso.
    (AP, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 7, A natural gas explosion in northern Texas killed one member of a crew installing utility poles. Authorities the next day were trying to determine if the gas line had been marked before digging started.
    (AP, 6/8/10)

2010        Jun 21, In Texas David Brown Jr. (27), the son of Dallas Police chief David Brown, was killed by police after he killed Jeremy McMillan (23) and Officer Craig Shaw (37) as police arrived on the scene of the McMillan’s shooting.
    (SFC, 6/22/10, p.A6)

2010        Jun 23, The Obama administration announced that it will station an unmanned aerial drone in Texas as part of its stepped-up surveillance of criminal trafficking along the Mexican border.
    (SFC, 6/24/10, p.A6)

2010        Jun 29, Strengthening Tropical Storm Alex was expected to become a hurricane as it swirled toward the Gulf coast of northern Mexico and southern Texas, where authorities were readying emergency shelters and distributing sandbags.
    (AP, 6/29/10)

2010        Jul 1, In Texas Michael James Perry (28) was executed by lethal injection for gunning down a nurse and stealing her car in 2001. He was the 14th Texas prisoner executed this year.
    (SFC, 7/1/10, p.A6)

2010        Jul 4, In Texas an air ambulance crashed after takeoff in Alpine killing all 5 people on board including a patient and his wife.
    (SFC, 7/5/10, p.A4)

2010        Aug 16, The US Justice Dept. dropped its 6-year investigation of former US House majority leader Tom DeLay (R-Tex) and his interactions with lobbyist Jack Abramoff.
    (SFC, 8/17/10, p.A4)

2010        Aug 17, Texas executed Peter Anthony Cantu (35), a former gang member, for taking part in the rape and murder of 2 teenage girls in 1993.
    (SFC, 8/18/10, p.A4)
2010        Aug 17, In Texas Patrick Gray Sharp (29) was killed in a shootout with police after he towed a trailer full of explosives in front of suburban Dallas police station and opened fire in an apparent attempt to lure people out to kill them.
    (AP, 8/18/10)

2010        Sep 8, Tropical Storm Hermine swept north through Texas and into Oklahoma swamping city neighborhoods and killing 6 people, 5 in Texas and 1 in Oklahoma.
    (SFC, 9/9/10, p.A7)(SFC, 9/11/10, p.A4)

2010        Sep 19, In Texas 3 children were found shot dead at a Houston apartment building. Their father, Muhammed Goher (47), was charged with their murder and was hospitalized after surviving an apparent suicide attempt.
    (SFC, 9/20/10, p.A5)

2010        Sep 24, The Texas State Board of Education adopted a resolution that seeks to curtail references to Islam in Texas textbooks, as social conservative board members warned of what they describe as a creeping Middle Eastern influence in the nation's publishing industry.
    (AP, 9/24/10)

2010        Oct 10, Norwegian oil firm Statoil is expanding further its shale gas operations in the United States, saying it has created a joint venture with Canada's Talisman to acquire acreage on the Eagle Ford prospect in Texas for $1.325 billion.
    (Reuters, 10/10/10)

2010        Oct 19, In Texas Hosam Smadi (20), a Jordanian national, was sentenced to 24 years in prison. In May he had pleaded guilty to attempted use of a weapon of mass destruction. An FBI sting in 2009 had caught him trying to blow up a Dallas skyscraper.
    (SFC, 11/3/10, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/2ac44d8)

2010        Oct 20, In northern Mexico Marisol Valles Garcia (20) was sworn in as the police chief of the township of Praxedis G. Guerrero, a township of 8,500 on a drug trafficking route along the Texas border. Soldiers battled gunmen in two cities across the border from Texas, prompting panicked parents to pull children from school and factories to warn workers to stay inside.  In Nuevo Laredo 5 gunmen were killed and 3 soldiers were wounded during shootouts. Assailants in a third city threw a grenade at an army barracks. In Ciudad Juarez a Texas National Guard soldier (21) was reportedly one of two men killed.
    (SFC, 10/21/10, p.A4)(AP, 10/20/10)(AP, 10/21/10)

2010        Oct 27, The SF Giants battered the Texas Rangers 11-7 in Game 1 of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/28/10)

2010        Oct 28, The SF Giants at home won game 2 of the world series, 9-0, over the Texas Rangers.
    (SFC, 10/29/10, p.A1)
2010        Oct 28, The Washington-based nonprofit, the National Association of Clean Air Act Agencies, surveyed the states on whether they would be ready to comply with the new EPA rules by the Jan 2, 2011, deadline. In a new report the association said 49 states have either changed their laws to allow regulation of greenhouse gases or will allow the EPA to issue permits. Texas is doing neither.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20101029/ap_on_bi_ge/us_epa_vs_texas)

2010        Oct 30, In Texas the SF Giants lost game 3 of the World Series 4-2 to the Texas Rangers leaving SF up 2 games to 1.
    (SFC, 11/1/10, p.A1)

2010        Oct 31, In Texas the SF Giants won game 4 of the World Series 4-0 against the Texas Rangers putting them up 3 games to 1.
    (SFC, 11/1/10, p.A1)

2010        Oct, In Texas Anthony Graves was released from death row  after spending nearly 20 years in prison. He had been charged in 1992 with helping another man murder a family of 6. The other man had admitted lying just before he was executed in 2000.
    (Econ, 4/9/11, p.34)

2010        Nov 1, The SF Giants won the Baseball World Series beating the Texas Rangers 3-1 in Game 5 in San Francisco. Edgar Renteria blasted his second home run of the 2010 Fall Classic, a three-run shot, to win the championship. Renteria had the game-winning hit in the 11th inning of Game 7 in the 1997 World Series for the Florida Marlins.
    (AP, 11/2/10)(http://tinyurl.com/29joxc3)

2010        Nov 10, Hewlett-Packard agreed to pay $16.25 million to settle allegations that it showered public school officials in Dallas with gifts to win contracts funded by the government’s E-rate program.
    (SFC, 11/11/10, p.A8)

2010        Nov 13, In Texas Manny Pacquiao, boxer and Filipino congressman, cemented his claim to being the best fighter in the world by dominating the bigger but slower Antonio Margarito of Mexico. Pacquiao earned a guaranteed $15 million.
    (AP, 11/14/10)

2010        Nov 19, Texas businessman Samir Mahmoud Itani (51), head of American Grocers ltd., agreed to pay $15 million to settle allegations of defrauding the government by selling old relabeled food to the military to supply soldiers in Iraq.
    (SFC, 11/20/10, p.A5)

2010        Nov 24, Former US House Majority Leader Tom DeLay, once one of the most powerful and feared Republicans in Congress, was convicted on charges he illegally funneled corporate money to Texas candidates in 2002.
    (AP, 11/25/10)

2010        Nov 28, In Cleveland, Texas, a girl (11) was gang raped in an abandoned trailer home. Authorities were notified of the alleged rape after a student from Cleveland ISD found a video of the assault. Four assaults on the young girl had begun in September. By March 24, 2011, 19 young men and teenage boys were charged with participating in the rape. On Aug 30, 2012, Eric McGowen, who fled free on bail, was convicted and sentenced to 99 years in prison.
    (SFC, 3/9/11, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/4cbmd2c)(SFC, 3/25/11, p.A5)(SFC, 8/31/12, p.A5)

2010        Dec 12, The Washington Post reported that 8 out of the 12 top US gun dealers whose products fuel Mexico's drug violence are located in the state of Texas. 3 others were in Arizona, and one was in California. There are 3,800 gun retailers in Texas, 300 in Houston alone.
    (AFP, 12/12/10)

2010        Dec 16, A federal indictment said a Texas couple, Najmeh Vahid and Dr. Hossein Lahiji, and the head of an Oregon charity secretly sent millions of dollars to an Iranian bank and to a contact in Iran for nine years, violating a US embargo. The head of the charity, Mehrdad Yasrebi, allegedly funneled money that was meant for food and other assistance to his cousin and to a bank controlled by the Iranian government.
    (AP, 12/16/10)

2010        Texas Gov. Rick Perry authored “Fed Up! Our Fight to Save America from Washington.”
    (Econ, 7/23/11, p.32)

2011        Jan 4, Cornelius Dupree Jr., a Texas man, was declared innocent after 30 years in prison. He had at least two chances to make parole and be set free, if only he would admit he was a sex offender. Dupree refused to do so, doggedly maintaining his innocence in a 1979 rape and robbery. In the process he serving more time for a crime he didn't commit than any other Texas inmate exonerated by DNA evidence.
    (AP, 1/4/11)

2011        Jan 10, In Texas Tom DeLay, former US House Majority Leader, was sentenced to 3 years in prison for a scheme to influence elections.
    (SFC, 1/11/11, p.A7)
2011        Jan 10, Texas authorities heralded the capture of Billie Joe Harris (53), a suspected serial rapist believed to have attacked a dozen elderly women in the past two years.
    (SFC, 1/11/11, p.A6)

2011        Jan 26, Nancy Davis (59) died in a South Texas hospital about 90 minutes after her husband drove the couple's truck against traffic across the Pharr International Bridge. US missionary Sam Davis said gunmen in a pickup truck had shot her in the head about 70 miles south of the Mexican border city of Reynosa.
    (AP, 1/27/11)

2011        Feb 6, In Dallas, Texas, Wisconsin’s Green Bay packers won Super Bowl XLV 31-25 win over the Pittsburgh Steelers.
    (AFP, 2/7/11)

2011        Feb 9, US federal prosecutors announced charges against 41 alleged gang members for activities ranging from racketeering conspiracy to drug and gun trafficking and murder in four states and Washington D.C. Some 29 defendants were arrested and more arrests are expected in connection with the separate cases from Los Angeles; McAllen, Texas; Kansas City; Washington D.C.; and Las Vegas.
    (Reuters, 2/9/11)

2011        Feb 15, A former U.S. Customs inspector (58) dressed in a postman's uniform was nabbed as he allegedly tried to smuggle a Mexican woman (38) into Texas on false papers.
    (Reuters, 2/16/11)

2011        Feb 17, US Federal authorities said police have arrested nine people and seized 300 firearms, including assault rifles, in a raid targeting an arms ring that allegedly sold weapons to Mexican drug traffickers. Operation Too Hot to Handle netted a haul of around 300 guns, mostly Kalashnikov-type rifles and semi-automatic pistols, seized in Arizona, Texas and Mexico.
    (Reuters, 2/17/11)

2011        Feb 23, In Texas Khalid Ali-M Aldawasari (20), a native of Saudi Arabia and student at South Plains College, was arrested on a federal charge of attempted use of a weapon of mass destruction in connection with purchases of chemicals and equipment necessary to make an improvised explosive device. His potential targets included the home of George W. Bush in Dallas and at least 12 reservoir dams in California and Colorado.
    (SFC, 2/25/11, p.A7)

2011        Feb 24, In Texas a fire at a Houston home used for daycare killed 4 children. Jessica Tata (22), accused of leaving the children unattended while a stovetop burner was on, was later charged with reckless injury to a child. She fled to her native Nigeria. On March 19 Tata was arrested in Nigeria and was returned to the US on March 21. On Nov 20, 2012, Tata was sentenced to 80 years in prison.
    (www.click2houston.com/news/26995237/detail.html)(AP, 3/1/11)(SFC, 3/22/11, p.A5)(SFC, 11/21/12, p.A8)

2011        Feb 28, In Texas 3 people suspected of smuggling guns to Mexico were arrested in a Dallas suburb after federal investigators traced the gun used in the killing of a US agent in Mexico to one of them.
    (AP, 2/28/11)

2011        Mar 3, In Texas Rev. Clint Dobson (28) was killed during a robbery at his Arlington church. A church employee was severely beaten in the attack Steven Lawayne Nelson (24), a distant relative was arrested and faced a charge of capital murder.
    (SSFC, 3/6/11, p.A10)

2011        Mar 6, In Texas a fire following a late night party left 6 people dead in Granbury.
    (SFC, 3/7/11, p.A6)

2011        Mar 9, The 5-day SXSW Interactive festival opened in Austin, Texas. Attendees awarded GroupMe the festival’s Breakout digital Trend award.
    (Econ, 3/26/11, p.74)(http://sxsw.com/interactive/awards/winners)

2011        Mar 23, A grand jury in Dallas indicted 3 Texas men on federal gun and conspiracy charges after officials linked them to a gun used in the Feb 15 shooting death of US agent Jaime Zapata in Mexico. Ranferi Osorio (27), a veteran of the Afghanistan and Iraq wars, his brother Otilio Osorio (22), and their neighbor Kelvin Leon Morrison (25), all residents of the southern Dallas suburb of Lancaster were in custody.
    (AP, 3/23/11)

2011        Apr 8, In Texas Luis Posada Carriles (83), a Cuban native and former CIA agent, was acquitted of allegations that he lied during US immigration hearings. He had worked for decades to destabilize communist governments throughout Latin America and was often supported by Washington.
    (AP, 4/9/11)

2011        Apr 11, In San Francisco the annual Goldman Environmental prize was awarded 6 people from around the world. The winners included Hilton Kelly for his efforts to cut pollution in Port Arthur, Texas; Francisco Pineda for resisting mining in El Salvador; Ursula Sladek of Germany for creating for reducing her community’s reliance on nuclear power; Prigi Arisandi for her efforts to protect Indonesia’s Surabaya River; Dmitry Lisitsyn for his efforts to protect the Russia’s Sakhalin island; and Raoul du Toit for defending wildlife in Zimbabwe.
    (SFC, 4/11/11, p.A12)

2011        Apr 23, In Texas sheriff’s deputy Clifton Taylor (34) was fatally shot after responding to a domestic disturbance call. Gunman Wesley Davis was killed in a subsequent shootout.
    (SFC, 4/25/11, p.A4)

2011        May 3, In Texas Cary Kerr became the 13th condemned inmate to be put to death this year in the USA and the 1247th overall since the nation resumed executions on January 17, 1977. Texas used a new three-drug combination to execute Kerr for the 2001 rape and murder of Pamela Horton (34) in Haltom City near Fort Worth.
    (AP, 5/4/11)

2011        May 4, In Texas Jacob Gonzalez (21) fatally shot three women riding with him in a car in Corpus Christi. Gonzalez fled on foot after his vehicle smashed into a pole and was tackled by a bystander.
    (SFC, 5/7/11, p.A4)

2011        May 12, In Texas a judge freed a Dallas man who spent 27 years in prison for aggravated sexual assault before DNA evidence cleared him. Johnny Pinchback became the 22nd person to be exonerated through DNA testing in Dallas County since 2001. He was found to have been wrongly convicted of raping two teenage girls in a Dallas field in 1984.
    (AP, 5/12/11)

2011        May 18, Texas officials said the worst state drought in decades has cost $1.5 billion in agricultural losses.
    (SFC, 5/19/11, p.A6)

2011        May, Texas approved legislation requiring voters to show government-issued photo identification, such as a driver's license, military identification card, birth certificate with a photo, current U.S. passport, or concealed handgun permit. In March, 2012, the US Dept. of Justice rejected the law.
    (Reuters, 3/12/12)

2011        Jun 11, Texas Gov. Rick Perry’s proclamation, issued on June 6, continued to evoke controversy. The governor, who declared that August 6th should be a “day of prayer and fasting for our nation’s challenges,” invited other governors to join him at an evangelical Christian prayer service, sponsored by groups that include the American Family Association, known for its opposition to gay rights and its condemnation of homosexuality.
            (NYT, 6/12/11, p. A31)

2011        Jun 12, In the National Basketball Association finals, the underdog Dallas Mavericks defeated the Miami Heat four games to two, to capture their first ever NBA championship.
            (Houston Chronicle, 6/12/11)(Reuters, 6/12/11)

2011        Jun 13, The Center for Reproductive Rights filed a lawsuit against a New Texas law, effective Sep 1, requiring doctors to conduct a sonogram and describe a fetus’ features before performing an abortion.
    (www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/health/7608581.html)

2011        Jun 20, Texas Gov. Rick Perry signed into law a measure, effective Sep 1, that gives the state’s teachers more access to criminal information about their students. It was prompted by the 2009 fatal stabbing of a teacher in Tyler, Texas, by a 16-year-old who had been released from the Texas Youth Commission.
    (http://tylerpaper.com/article/20110621/NEWS01/110629970)

2011        Jun 25, George C. Ballas Sr. (85), Houston entrepreneur and inventor of the weed whacker, died.
    (SFC, 6/30/11, p.A6)

2011        Jul 7, In Texas Humberto Leal (38), a Mexican national, was executed for the rape-slaying of a teenager after the US Supreme Court turned down an appeal to spare him that was supported by Mexico and the White House. He was sentenced to death for the 1994 murder of 16-year-old Adria Sauceda.
    (AP, 7/8/11)

2011        Jul 23, In Texas Tan Do (35) opened fire at a child's birthday celebration at the Forum Roller World in Grand Prairie, killing five people, wounding four others and then killing himself as the private party turned to panic and some fled screaming in their skates. The dead included Do’s estranged wife, two of her sisters, her brother and her sister-in-law.
    (AP, 7/24/11)(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.A5)

2011        Jul 27, Pfc. Naser Abdo (21) was arrested at a Texas motel about three miles from Fort Hood's main gate. The AWOL infantry soldier was caught with weapons and a bomb inside a backpack and admitted planning what would have been Fort Hood's 2nd terrorist attack in less than two years. He had spoken out against the 2009 Fort Hood shootings last year as he made a public plea to be granted conscientious objector status to avoid serving in Iraq or Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/29/11)

2011        Aug 4, A Texas jury convicted polygamist sect leader Warren Jeffs (55) of child sexual assault, in a case stemming from two young followers he took as brides. Prosecutors used DNA evidence to show Jeffs fathered a child with a 15-year-old girl and played an audio recording of what they said was him sexually assaulting a 12-year-old. On Aug 9 Jeffs was sentenced to life in prison for sexually assaulting two underage girls he claimed as "spiritual" brides.
    (AP, 8/4/11)(Reuters, 8/9/11)

2011        Aug 7, Texas billionaire and philanthropist Charles Wyly (77) died after a car accident in western Colorado. His family has donated millions of dollars to Republican causes and Dallas arts projects. Charles Wyly had helped his brother run their startup computer software company, University Computing, and later founded and led several other companies including arts and crafts retail chain Michaels Stores Inc., which was sold in 2006. He also was a former member of a White House Advisory Council for Management Improvement. Last summer, the SEC accused Wyly and his brother of using offshore havens to hide more than a half-billion dollars in profits over 13 years of insider stock trading.
    (AP, 8/8/11)

2011        Aug 11, Texas Gov. Rick Perry confirmed that he is running for the US presidency as 8 other Republican candidates debated in Iowa.
    (SFC, 8/12/11, p.A10)

2011        Aug 17, Texas Gov. and GOP presidential candidate Rick Perry told New Hampshire voters that he does not believe in manmade global warming, calling it a scientific theory that has not been proven.
    (AP, 8/17/11)

2011        Aug 30, A US federal judge temporarily blocked key provisions of a Texas abortion law that would require women seeking the procedure to view a sonogram and listen to the heartbeat of their fetus. On Jan 10, 2012, a federal appeals court restored the law.
    (Reuters, 8/30/11)(SFC, 1/11/12, p.A7)

2011        Sep 6, In central Texas calmer winds helped firefighters battling a wildfire that forced thousands of residents to evacuate to shelters. 4 deaths were linked to the fire. Some 122 wildfires continued to overwhelm the state. By Sep 12 at least 1554 homes were incinerated in and around the city of Bastrop.
    (AP, 9/6/11)(SFC, 9/8/11, p.A11)(SFC, 9/12/11, p.A4)

2011        Sep 9, Mexico's state oil company said it was searching for 10 workers from a Texas-based company who evacuated from a platform in the Gulf of Mexico ahead of Tropical Storm Nate. On Sep 11 seven of the 10 oil workers were found alive 51 miles (82 km) off the coast of the gulf state of Campeche.
    (AP, 9/9/11)(AP, 9/11/11)

2011        Sep 15, The US Supreme Court issued a stay for Duane Buck (48) who had been scheduled to be put to death at 6 p.m. local time in Huntsville, Texas, for a pair of shotgun murders on July 30, 1995. Buck was convicted in 1997 of capital murder in connection with the deaths of his former girlfriend, Debra Gardner, and Kenneth Butler, who were shot to death with a shotgun at her Houston home. Lawyers for Buck had appealed to the Supreme Court and said he had been unfairly sentenced because a psychologist testified that black men were more likely than other races to be repeat offenders after their release from prison.
    (Reuters, 9/16/11)

2011        Sep 21, In Texas white supremacist and gang member Lawrence Russell Brewer (44) was executed for the infamous June 7, 1998, dragging death slaying of James Byrd Jr.
    (AP, 9/22/11)

2011        Oct 12, A Texas appeals court formally exonerated Michael Morton, who spent nearly 25 years in prison for his wife's 1986 fatal beating, reaffirming a judge's decision to set him free last week after DNA tests linked the killing to another man.
    (AP, 10/12/11)

2011        Oct 16, Houston-based Kinder Morgan agreed to buy El Paso Corp. for $21.1 billion. This will make Kinder the nation’s largest operator of natural gas pipelines.
    (SFC, 10/17/11, p.A5)

2011        Oct 30, Dozens of protesters at economic inequality demonstrations in Austin, Texas, and Portland, Oregon were arrested peacefully over allegedly failing to comply with rules in each city.
    (Reuters, 10/30/11)

2011        Nov 1, The US federal government sued Houston-based Allied Home Mortgage Corp., one of the nation's largest privately held mortgage brokers, saying its decade-long fraudulent lending practices cost the government hundreds of millions of dollars and forced thousands of American homeowners to lose their homes. The suit named as defendants founder Jim Hodge and Jeanne Stell, the company's executive vice president and director of compliance.
    (AP, 11/1/11)

2011        Nov 4, Texas mother Julianne McCrery (42) pleaded guilty to killing her 6-year-old son in New Hampshire and disposing of his body in rural Maine. A prosecutor said the woman smothered her son with motel room pillows and the child struggled against her for "about three minutes" before he died. On Jan 13, 2012, McCrery was sentenced to 45 years in prison.
    (AP, 11/4/11)(AP, 1/13/12)

2011        Nov 7, Dynegy, an Houston-based energy firm, announced bankruptcy in which bondholders and other lenders would lose 10% while shareholders, including Carl Icahn, retain full control of the firm.
    (Econ, 11/12/11, p.76)

2011        Nov 14, In Texas Barry Walter Bujol Jr., accused of attempting to sneak out of the US with restricted military documents, money and equipment in order to join Al-Qaida, was convicted in federal court in Houston.
    (SFC, 11/15/11, p.A10)

2011        Nov 28, In Texas Dakota Meyer, a former US Marine and Medal of Honor recipient, sued BAE Systems claiming he was defamed and ridiculed after expressing concerns in an e-mail over the possible sale of a high-tech sniper scope to Pakistan.
    (SFC, 12/1/11, p.A10)

2011        Dec 5, Rachelle Grimmer (38), Texas woman who for months was unable to qualify for food stamps, pulled a gun in a state welfare office and staged a 7-hour standoff with police that ended with her shooting her two children before killing herself. The children, a 10-year-old boy and a 12-year-old girl, remained in critical condition. Both children died of their wounds.
    (AP, 12/6/11)(AP, 12/8/11)

2011        Dec 15, Christopher Hitchens (62), the author, writer and Vanity Fair contributing editor, died in Houston. had been battling esophageal cancer since early 2010.
    (AP, 12/15/11)

2011        Dec 16, It was reported that US presidential candidate and Texas Gov. Rick Perry (61) was collecting $7,700 a month in state pension in addition to his nearly $133,000 annual salary as governor. State coded permitted the double dip practice.
    (SFC, 12/17/11, p.A10)

2011        Dec 19, Fierce winds and snow that caused fatal road accidents and shuttered highways in Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Texas and Utah. The storm was blamed for at least six deaths.
    (AP, 12/20/11)

2011        Dec 22, The US Justice Dept. unsealed a suit against AseraCare Hospice of Texas for fraudulently certifying patients as terminally ill to illegally collect Medicare payments since at least 2007. AseraCare is a subsidiary of Golden Living, which was 99% owned by the Washington State Investment Board, whose investments are managed by Fillmore Capital Partners.
    (SFC, 1/6/12, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/7ewsnhv)
2011        Dec 22, Francisco Morales (52) was arrested in Brownsville, Texas, for posing as a physician and performing procedures using stem cells on patients in Mexico. Three other were later charged in the operation.
    (SFC, 12/29/11, p.A9)

2011        Dec 25, In Texas 7 people were shot to death in a suburban apartment. A man in a Santa Claus suit shot 6 relatives and himself. They had apparently opened their Christmas gifts and started cleaning up the wrapping paper when they were killed in Grapevine, a suburb of Fort Worth.
    (AP, 12/25/11)(SFC, 12/27/11, p.A7)

2012        Jan 4, In Texas Jaime Gonzalez (15) was shot 3 times by police in a hallway at Cummings Middle School in Brownsville after he refused to drop a pellet gun.
    (AP, 1/5/12)

2012        Jan 16, Gelareh Bagherzadeh (30), a Texas medical student well-known in her community as an Iranian activist, was mysteriously shot and killed in her car around midnight, just yards from her home in Houston.
    (AP, 1/18/12)

2012        Jan 19, Texas Gov. Rick Perry ended his presidential campaign and endorsed Newt Gingrich's candidacy for the 2012 Republican presidential nomination.
    (http://congress-today-call-985-320-6006.blogspot.com/)

2012        Jan 26, In Texas Rodrigo Hernandez (38) was executed for the abduction, rape and strangulation of Susan Verstegen (38) 18 years ago.
    (SFC, 1/27/12, p.A6)

2012        Feb 8, In Texas Antonio Pena-Arguelles, an alleged cartel money-launderer, was arrested in San Antonio. A 13-page DEA affidavit accused him of using US bank accounts to funnel millions to Tomas Yarrington, who served as governor of Tamaulipas state in 1999-2004, from leaders of the Gulf and the Zetas. In 2004-2005 alone, it says, Pena-Arguelles and his brother received $4.5 million from the No. 2 leader of the Zetas, Miguel-Angel Trevino Morales.
    (AP, 2/10/12)

2012        Feb 27, WikiLeaks said it was publishing a massive trove of leaked emails from the U.S. intelligence analysis firm Stratfor, shedding light on the inner workings of the Texas-based think tank.
    (AP, 2/27/12)

2012        Feb 28, In Texas Dr. Jacques Roy of Rockwell and 6 associates were arrested and charged with recruiting homeless people, among other, as part of a $375 million home health care fraud scheme.
    (SFC, 2/29/12, p.A6) 

2012        Mar 6, A US federal court in Houston convicted R. Allen Stanford (61) of running a $7 billion investor fraud scheme that snared investors from 113 countries. He was first indicted in June, 2009.
    (SFC, 3/7/12, p.A6)(Econ, 3/10/12, p.86)

2012        Mar 12, The Obama administration blocked a new law in Texas requiring voters to show photo identification before they can cast a ballot, citing a concern that it could harm Hispanic voters who lacked such documents.
    (Reuters, 3/12/12)

2012        Apr 3, About a dozen tornadoes rumbled across the Dallas-Fort Worth metro area, leveling homes and tossing big-rigs around like toy trucks.
    (AP, 4/4/12)

2012        Apr 13, The Texas Medical Board approved controversial new rules on the use of adult stem cells.
    (SFC, 4/14/12, p.A8)

2012        Apr 17, In Texas a newborn boy was abducted from Kayla Marie Golden (28), his dying mother, after she was repeatedly shot outside a suburban Houston pediatric center. The suspected female shooter sped off with a man and the infant in a blood-stained Lexus. Verna McClain (30) was arrested hour later and confessed to killing Golden.
    (AP, 4/17/12)(SFC, 4/19/12, p.A5)

2012        Apr 29, Thomas Preston (83), Texas gambler also known as Amarillo Slim, died in Amarillo. His 1972 win in the fledgling World Series of Poker in Las Vegas helped make him an ambassador for the game.
    (Econ, 5/12/12, p.98)(http://tinyurl.com/8xlfd8l)

2012        Apr 30, In Texas two men who spent nearly 30 years in prison for a brutal sexual assault and attempted murder were declared innocent after DNA evidence pointed to other men. James Curtis Williams (54) and Raymond Jackson (67) had been sentenced to 99 years in prison for the November 1983 assault of a Canadian woman who identified them in a lineup as her attackers. Two other men who were connected to the crime through DNA testing have been charged with attempted capital murder.
    (Reuters, 4/30/12)

2012        May 10, Carroll Shelby (b.1923), legendary car designer and champion auto racer, died in Dallas.
    (SFC, 5/12/12, p.A6)

2012        May 18, In Dallas, Texas, a jury sentenced John Fiala (53), a Roman Catholic priest, to 60 years in prison for plotting the death of a man who accused him of sexual abuse.
    (SFC, 5/19/12, p.A5)

2012        Jun 12, Texas authorities said they arrested seven members of one of Mexico's largest drug cartels and accused them of laundering money in the United States by buying, breeding and racing American racehorses. On July 3 Jose Trevino Morales, the brother of two alleged cartel leaders, was among 15 people charged in what federal prosecutors said was a money-laundering scheme centered on an Oklahoma horse ranch.
    (Reuters, 6/12/12)(AFP, 7/4/12)

2012        Jun 14, A federal judge sentenced former jet-setting Texas tycoon R. Allen Stanford to 110 years in prison for bilking investors out of more than $7 billion over two decades.
    (AP, 6/14/12)

2012        Jun 23, In Texas 2 women were found lying in "knee-deep" grass in a park in Portland. Mollie Judith Olgin (19) was pronounced dead at the scene. Her girlfriend, Mary Christine Chapa (18), was hospitalized with a single gunshot wound to the head.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7qto9p6)

2012        Jul 7, The US Border patrol said agents had opened fire along the Rio Grande border after being pelted by rocks. A Mexican citizen was fatally shot at the Los Tomates-Veterans int’l. bridge in Brownsville, Texas.
    (SFC, 7/10/12, p.A4)

2012        Jul 11, In Texas Dr. Joseph Sonnier III was killed. On July 16 police announced the arrests of Dr. Thomas Dixon of Amarillo and David Shephard. Dixon had paid Shepherd 3 bars of silver for the killing because Sonnier was dating Dixon’s ex-girlfriend. On Sep 16, 2013, Shepherd (52) was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 7/17/12, p.A8)(SFC, 9/17/13, p.A5)

2012        Jul 18, In Texas Yokamon Hearn, convicted of carjacking and shooting a stockbroker, became the first person to be executed in the state with one lethal drug (pentobarbital) instead of a 3-part mixture that had included the drug.
    (SFC, 7/18/12, p.A6)

2012        Jul 20, In Texas instructor Staff Sgt. Luis Walker was found guilty on all 28 charges he faced including rape and sexual assault. He was among 12 Lackland Air Force Base instructors investigated for sexual misconduct toward at least 31 female trainees. The next day Walker was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (SFC, 7/21/12, p.A5)(AP, 7/21/12)

2012        Aug 7, In Texas Marvin Wilson (54), convicted of killing a police informant, was executed after the US Supreme Court rejected arguments that he was too mentally impaired to qualify for the death penalty. Wilson was convicted of murdering Jerry Williams (21) in November 1992, several days after police seized 24 grams of cocaine from Wilson's apartment and arrested him.
    (AP, 8/7/12)

2012        Aug 10, US Army Pfc. Naser Jason Abdo, a Muslim, was sentenced to life in federal prison for collecting bomb-making material to carry out an attack on a Texas restaurant full of Fort Hood troops.
    (SFC, 8/11/12, p.A4)

2012        Aug 13, In Texas Thomas A. Caffall III (35), a man facing eviction, opened fire on police officers and bystanders near the Texas A&M University campus, killing two and wounding four before being shot to death by police. Constable Brian Bachmann was shot dead while trying to serve a court summons.
    (AP, 8/13/12)(SSFC, 8/19/12, p.A12)
2012        Aug 13, British energy group BP said that it has agreed to sell its Carson refinery in California to US peer Tesoro Corporation for $2.5 billion (2.02 billion euros) as part of its ongoing restructuring. BP also said that Eagle Rock Energy Partners is paying $227.5 million in cash for the Sunray and Hemphill gas processing plants in Texas.
    (AFP, 8/13/12)

2012        Aug 15, Texas authorities said the state is battling an outbreak of the West Nile virus, with 17 deaths blamed on the mosquito-borne disease.
    (AFP, 8/15/12)

2012        Aug 17, Brittni Nicole Colleps (28), a former North Texas high school teacher, was convicted and sentenced to five years in prison for having sex with five 18-year-old students at her home in 2011. Three former students, who testified a day earlier, said that they did not consider themselves victims and did not want to see their former English teacher prosecuted.
    (AFP, 8/18/12)

2012        Aug 30, A federal court rejected a Texas law that would require voters to present photo IDs to election officials before being allowed to cast ballots in November.
    (AP, 8/30/12)

2012        Sep 5, Texas health officials said at least 43 people have died this year in Texas of West Nile virus. Nationwide 87 deaths have been reported to the CDC.
    (SFC, 9/6/12, p.A10)

2012        Sep 9, In Carrolton, Texas, Franklin Davis (30) was charged with murder after confessing to the death of Shania Gray (16). Police believe he killed her to prevent her testimony at an upcoming sexual assault trial.
    (SFC, 9/11/12, p.A5)

2012        Sep 20, In Texas Robert Wayne Harris (40) was executed by lethal injection. He had confessed to killing 5 people at a Dallas-area car wash in March 2000.
    (SFC, 9/21/12, p.A7)

2012        Sep 25, In Texas Cleve Foster (48), a former Army recruiter, was executed  for the slaying of Nyaneur Pal (30) in 2002. He was also charged but never tried for the rape slaying of Rachel Urnosky in Fort Worth.
    (SFC, 9/26/12, p.A5)

2012        Oct 3, A US federal indictment filed in Brooklyn named Alexander Fishenko, an immigrant from Kazakhstan, as a secret agent for the Russian military. Fishenko had made millions off his Texas export firm, Arc Electronics Inc. He was among 11 defendants named in the indictment.
    (SFC, 10/4/12, p.A6)

2012        Oct 10, In Texas Jonathan Green (44) was executed for killing a 12-year-old girl over a decade ago. Lawyers had argued that he was mentally ill.
    (SFC, 10/11/12, p.A4)

2012        Oct 12, In Texas Elizabeth Escalona of Dallas was sentenced to 99 years in prison after she pleaded guilty beating her daughter (2) and gluing the girl’s hands to a wall as she struggled with potty training.
    (SFC, 10/13/12, p.A4)

2012        Oct 18, In Portland, Oregon, the Boy Scouts of America some 4,500 pages of secret "perversion files" released by order of the Oregon Supreme Court, their maneuvers protected suspected sexual predators while victims suffered in silence. The new files from Scout headquarters in Texas dated back to the 1920s.
    (AP, 10/19/12)(SFC, 10/19/12, p.A1)

2012        Oct 24, The final 41-mile stretch of Texas Highway 130 opened with a speed limit of 85 mph. A 50-mile stretch was already open on the toll road costing drivers about 15 cents per mile.
    (SFC, 10/25/12, p.A7)

2012        Oct 25, A Texas state trooper fired on a pickup truck from a helicopter and killed two illegal immigrants from Guatemala during a chase through the desert. He was trying to disable the vehicle and suspected it was being used to smuggle drugs. Eight people in the truck were arrested. No drugs were found.
    (AP, 10/26/12)

2012        Nov 8, Texas lawyer Marco Antonio Delgado, a former Carnegie Mellon Univ. trustee, pleaded not guilty to laundering over $600 million for a Mexican drug cartel. Homeland Security Investigations linked him to the Guadalajara-based Milenio cartel, active until 2010.
    (SFC, 11/9/12, p.A19)

2012        Nov 9, In Texas a federal indictment named 34 members of the Aryan Brotherhood of Texas for crimes that included murder, kidnapping, arson, gambling and drug trafficking. Dozens of members were arrested.
    (SFC, 11/10/12, p.A4)

2012        Nov 15, In Midland, Texas, 4 people died and 17 others were taken to a hospital when a train crashed into a parade float honoring veterans.
    (SFC, 11/16/12, p.A6)

2012        Nov 16, An oil platform of Texas-based Black Elk Energy caught fire in the Gulf of Mexico critically injuring 4 men with left 2 missing. A body of one of the missing was recovered the next day.
    (SFC, 11/17/12, p.A7)(SSFC, 11/18/12, p.A11)

2012        Nov 22, In Southeast Texas 2 people died and more than 80 people were hurt when at least 140 vehicles collided in a pileup under foggy conditions that left trucks twisted on top of each other and authorities rushing to pull survivors from the wreckage.
    (AP, 11/22/12)(SFC, 11/23/12, p.A10)

2012        Nov 23, Larry Hagman (b.1931), who created one of American television's most supreme villains in the conniving, amoral oilman J.R. Ewing of "Dallas" (1978-1991), died in Dallas.
    (AP, 11/24/12)

2012        Dec 8, Dallas Cowboys defensive tackle Josh Brent was arrested for drunk driving and charged with manslaughter after a car he was driving crashed and killed teammate Jerry Brown Jr, in the second tragedy involving NFL players in a week.
    (Reuters, 12/8/12)

2012        Dec 31, A Texas state judge ruled that Texas can cut off funding to Planned Parenthood’s family planning programs for poor women if they advocate for abortion rights.
    (SFC, 1/1/13, p.A4)

2012        Jan Reid authored “Let the People In: The Life and Times of Ann Richards.” The Texas governor lost her re-election bid in 1994.
    (Econ, 11/3/12, p.85)

2013        Jan 12, Three men from Utah died when their plane went down near Paris, Texas.
    (SFC, 1/14/13, p.A5)

2013        Jan 21, In Texas Max Shatto (3), an adopted boy born in Russia as Maxim Kuzmin, died in Gardendale. Russian authorities alleged “inhuman tratement” as the cause of death. Laura Shatto told authorities that Max and his half-brother were playing outside the family's home. Shatto said she came out and found the boy unconscious on the ground. A medical examiner later determined that the boy’s death was not intentional.
    (SFC, 2/19/13, p.A4)(AP, 2/22/13)(SFC, 2/2/13, p.A4)

2013        Jan 22, Ryan Walker Grant, a co-owner of a now closed Texas strip club, was sentenced to 10 years in prison for a failed plot to hire hit men to kill Arlington Mayor Robert Cluck and a Dallas lawyer.
    (SFC, 1/23/13, p.A6)

2013        Jan 31, In Texas prosecutor Mark Hasse (57) was shot and killed in the parking lot behind the Kaufman County Courthouse.
    (SFC, 2/1/13, p.A7)(SSFC, 3/31/13, p.A12)

2013        Feb 2, In central Texas a shooting at a gun range at the Rough Creek Lodge, west of Glen Rose, killed former Navy SEAL and "American Sniper" author Chris Kyle and his friend. Eddie Ray Routh (25) of Lancaster was arraigned on two counts of capital murder.
    (AP, 2/3/13)

2013        Feb 16, Alberto Morales (42), the Florida prisoner who escaped in Texas after stabbing a detective with his eyeglasses was fatally shot after refusing to cooperate with officers and lunging at them. Morales had escaped on Feb 11 from a Wal-Mart parking lot after attacking the Miami-Dade, Fla., detective.
    (AP, 2/16/13)

2013        Feb 27, Pianist Van Cliburn (b.1934) died at his home in Fort Worth, Texas. He won the 1958 Tchaikovsky Intl. Competition in Moscow and became an overnight sensation.
    (SFC, 2/28/13, p.D5)

2013        Mar 16, In Texas Air Force Staff Sgt. Eddy Soto was sentenced to a dishonorable discharge and 4 years in prison for raping a female trainee. Over 30 Lackland instructors have been investigated in the military sex scandal. Soto was the 9th trainer convicted and sentenced.
    (SFC, 3/18/13, p.A5)

2013        Mar 21, Paroled Colorado inmate Evan Spencer Ebel (28), who may be linked to the slaying of the state's prison chief, led Texas deputies on a 100 mph car chase that ended after he crashed into a semi and then opened fire before being shot down by his pursuers.
    (AP, 3/21/13)

2013        Mar 30, Kaufman County, Texas, District Attorney Mike McLelland and his wife, Cynthia, were found shot to death in their home.
    (SSFC, 3/31/13, p.A12)

2013        Apr 2, In Texas inmates Brian Allen Tucker and John Martin King, both with long criminal histories, escaped a jail in Sulphur Springs.
    (SFC, 4/3/13, p.A4)

2013        Apr 9, In Texas Dylan Quick (20), a student at the Cypress campus of Lone Star College, went on a stabbing spree wounding at least 14 people before being subdued and arrested.
    (SFC, 4/10/13, p.A4)
2013        Apr 9, Google said it has chosen Austin, Texas, as the 2nd location for Google Fiber, an ultra-fast broadband network. It began connecting Kansas City last November.
    (Econ, 4/13/13, p.64)

2013        Apr 16, In Texas Kim Lene Williams, the wife of a former judge, was arrested. She confessed to being involved in the shooting deaths of  Kaufman County District Attorney Mike McLelland, his wife, Cynthia, and one of his prosecutors, Mark Hasse.
    (AP, 4/17/13)
2013        Apr 16, In Texas a fiery explosion hit the West Fertilizer Co. 12 first responders were killed along with 2 residents in an apartment building. A nursing home resident died during an evacuation. More than 200 people were injured in West, about 20 miles north of Waco. Damages to the area were later estimated at $100 million. The company had $1 million in liability insurance.
    (AP, 4/18/13)(SFC, 4/20/13, p.A6)(SFC, 4/25/13, p.A5)(SSFC, 5/5/13, p.A7)

2013        Apr 18, Authorities said a former Texas justice of the peace seeking revenge for a theft conviction that ended his judicial career carried out a plot with his wife to kill the men who prosecuted him. Eric Lyle Williams (46), and his wife, Kim Williams, were charged with capital murder in the slayings of Kaufman County District Attorney Mike McLelland, his wife, Cynthia, and assistant prosecutor Mark Hasse.
    (SFC, 4/19/13, p.A7)

2013        Apr 24, The Czech Republic said it plans to donate 4 million koruna (some $200,000) to help the Texas town of West recover from a devastating fertilizer plant explosion. The government decided to the provide aid in solidarity because a significant number of people in the town of 2,700 have Czech roots.
    (AP, 4/24/13)

2013        Apr 25, The George W. Bush presidential library was dedicated in Dallas, Texas.
    (SFC, 4/26/13, p.A16)
2013        Apr 25, Texas executed Richard Cobb (29) for shooting Kenneth Vandever, one of three people abducted during a convenience store robbery on Sep 2, 2002. Two women were also shot and one was raped.
    (SFC, 4/26/13, p.A6)

2013        May 2, In Texas Carnell Moore fired a gun inside the ticketing area of Bush Int’l. Airport after being confronted by a law enforcement official. Moore was killed as a Homeland Security agent fired at him and as Moore turned his gun on himself.
    (SFC, 5/3/13, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/caq3jyo)

2013        May 9, A federal jury in Texas found Jose Trevino Morales (46) guilty of conspiracy to commit money laundering. His older brothers were said to be leaders of the Zetas, a Nuevo Leon based criminal group that has become the largest in Mexico.
    (SFC, 5/10/13, p.A8)

2013        May 14, Billie Sol Estes (88), convicted Texas swindler, died at his home in Granbury, Texas. He had created a $150 million empire of real and illusory farming enterprises. In 1963 he was convicted on federal charges and served 6 years of a 15 year sentence. In 1979 he was convicted of tax fraud and served 4 more years.
    (SFC, 5/16/13, p.D5)

2013        May 15, In North Texas at least 6 people were killed in an outbreak of spring tornadoes.
    (SFC, 5/16/13, p.A6)

2013        May 23, In Texas local leaders of the Boy Scouts of America voted to open their ranks to openly gay boys for the first time in 103 years. They retained a ban on adults serving as leaders.
    (AP, 5/23/13)(SFC, 5/24/13, p.A1)

2013        May 25, In San Antonio, Texas, torrential rains swamped the city killing 3 people.
    (SSFC, 5/26/13, p.A12)(SFC, 5/28/13, p.A)

2013        May 26, In central Texas Esteban Smith (23) was killed in an exchange of gunfire with state troopers after he opened fire on several vehicles killing 2 people in the Eden area.
    (SFC, 5/28/13, p.A4)

2013        May 28, It was reported that TrackingPoint, a startup tech company in Austin, Texas, has started selling the most advanced long-distance rifle available on the civilian market. Its laser and computer technology allowed a user to hit moving targets 500 yards away.
    (SFC, 5/28/13, p.D1)

2013        May 31, In Texas 4 firefighters died in a 5-alarm blaze at a restaurant in Houston.
    (SFC, 6/1/13, p.A4)

2013        Jun 3, Jasper, Texas, a town with a history of racial unrest on fired two white police officers recently captured on video slamming a black woman’s head into a countertop and wrestling her to the ground.
    (Lookout, 6/4/13)

2013        Jun 7, In Texas Shannon Guess Richardson (35), a pregnant Texas actress, was arrested and charged with orchestrating a ricin letter scheme. She had told FBI agents that her husband had sent ricin-tainted letters to President Barack Obama and New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg. On Dec 10 she pleaded guilty in a deal to cap her prison time at 18 years. On July 16, 2014, Richardson was sentenced to 18 years in prison.
    (AP, 6/7/13)(SFC, 12/11/13, p.A8)(SFC, 7/17/14, p.A4)

2013        Jun 9, In Texas Alf Stefan Andersson (59), a University of Houston professor and researcher, was stabbed to death. His girlfriend Ana Trujillo (45) was later accused of stabbing Andersson in the face at least 25 times with a platform pump stiletto heel. On April 8, 2014, a jury found Trujillo guilty. On April 11 Trujillo was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 4/2/14, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/mdoo8dk)(AP, 4/11/14)

2013        Jun 13, Texas Gov. Rick Perry signed a law protecting Christmas and other holiday celebrations in state public schools from legal challenges.
    (AP, 6/14/13)

2013        Jun 21, In Texas a US district judge signed off on an agreement to allow former Enron CEO Jeff Skilling ‘s prison sentence to be reduced from 24 to 14 years in exchange for dropping all appeals.
    (SFC, 6/21/13, p.A4)

2013        Jun 23, In Texas more than 800 women's rights protesters crowded into the Austin Capitol to watch Democrats try a series of parliamentary maneuvers to stop the Republican majority from passing some of the toughest abortion restrictions in the country.
    (AP, 6/24/13)

2013        Jun 24, Texas Republicans used their majority to cut short debate and give preliminary approval early today to some of the toughest abortion restrictions in the country as time was running out on the Texas Legislature's special session.
    (AP, 6/24/13)

2013        Jun 25, Texas state Sen. Wendy Davis staged an 11-hour filibuster to prevent passage of a law that would limit women’s access to abortion. A raucous crowd of shouting demonstrators effectively took over the state Capitol and blocked the bill that abortion rights groups warned would close most abortion clinics in the state.
    (AP, 6/26/13)(Econ, 6/29/13, p.29)

2013        Jul 12, The Texas Senate passed sweeping abortion restrictions sending them to Gov. Rick Perry to sign.
    (SFC, 7/13/13, p.A7)

2013        Aug 21, Former south Texas Judge Abel Limas (59) was sentenced to six years in prison and three years of supervised release for collecting bribes and kickbacks in his Brownsville courtroom totalling $257,000.
    (SFC, 8/22/13, p.A5)

2013        Aug 22, The US Justice Dept. said it will sue Texas over the state’s voter ID law and seek to intervene in a lawsuit over the state’s redistricting laws.
    (SFC, 8/23/13, p.A4)

2013        Aug 23, In Texas a jury of military officers convicted Major Nidal Hasan (42) for the deadly Nov 5, 2009, shooting rampage at Fort Hood. On Aug 28 Hasan was sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 8/24/13, p.A6)(AFP, 8/29/13)

2013        Sep 5, Leaders of San Antonio, Texas, approved antibias protections for gay and transgender residents despite the disapproval of top Texas Republicans and religious conservatives.
    (SFC, 9/6/13, p.A6)

2013        Sep 10, In Louisiana local and federal law officials said they have arrested Van Draylan Dixson (38), a neighborhood watch volunteer, on suspicion of raping four women in Dallas.
    (SFC, 9/11/13, p.A4)

2013        Oct 9, In the US 2 men were executed, one in Arizona and the other in Texas, with a drug not yet approved by federal authorities, after the Supreme Court denied one of the inmate's final appeal.
    (AFP, 10/9/13)

2013        Oct 28, A US federal judge determined that new Texas abortion restrictions place an unconstitutional burden on women seeking to end a pregnancy, a ruling that keeps open dozens of abortion clinics across the state while officials appeal.
    (AP, 10/28/13)
2013        Oct 28, In Texas 5 people were killed during a rapid series of attacks in Terrell. Charles Everett Brownlow Jr. (36), the son of one of the victims, was arrested early the next day.
    (AP, 10/29/13)(SFC, 10/30/13, p.A6)

2013        Oct 31, A US federal appeals court ruled that most of Texas’ tough new abortion restrictions can take effect immediately.
    (SFC, 11/1/13, p.A7)
2013        Oct 31, In central Texas flash floods following heavy rains killed two men in the Austin area.
    (SFC, 11/1/13, p.A10)

2013        Nov 9, In Texas at least two people were killed and 22 hurt in a shooting at a house party packed with young adults in Cypress, a suburb of Houston. On Nov 11 Willie Young (21) and Randy Stewart (18) were arrested in relation to the shootings.
    (AFP, 11/10/13)(SFC, 11/12/13, p.A4)

2013        Nov 11, In Texas 3 people were killed when their single-engine plane crashed into a lakebed near Amarillo.
    (SFC, 11/12/13, p.A4)

2013        Nov 16, In Texas Franklin Davis of the Dallas area was sentenced to death for the killing his children’s babysitter, Shania Gray (16), to prevent her from testifying that he had raped her.
    (SSFC, 11/17/13, p.A8)

2013        Nov 24, US media reported that a major winter storm that has dumped freezing rain and snow in the US southwest has killed at least 13 people in Arizona (1), California (3), Oklahoma (4), New Mexico (1) and Texas (4).
    (AFP, 11/245/13)

2013        Nov 28, Doctors in Texas declared Marlise Munoz (33) brain dead due to a blood clot suffered two days earlier. She was 14-weeks pregnant at the time and the hospital said it could not withdraw life sustaining treatment due to a 1999 state law. Life support was withdrawn on Jan 26, 2014, following an order by a Fort Worth judge.
    (Econ, 1/25/14, p.25)

2013        Dec 3, In Texas inmate Jerry Martin (43) was executed after waiving his right to appeal. He had killed a prison guard during a botched jailbreak in 2007.
    (AFP, 12/3/13)

2013        Dec 6, In Texas Jerald Cobbs, a former top executive of the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas (CPRIT), was indicted over an improperly awarded $11 million taxpayer funded grant.
    (SFC, 12/7/13, p.A7)
2013        Dec 6, A winter storm that some forecasters say is the worst to hit the United States in years slammed the nation's midsection early today, snarling travel and knocking out power for hundreds of thousands. At least two deaths were reported on roads in Texas and Missouri.
    (Reuters, 12/6/13)

2013        Dec 7, A cold snap in the US led to at least 6 weather-related deaths in traffic accidents. Over 100,000 people in the Dallas area were without power as were thousands in other states.
    (SSFC, 12/8/13, p.A12)

2013        Dec 28, Harold Simmons (82), Dallas billionaire and major GOP political donor, died. He had made his fortune in buying drugstores and as an investor in publicly traded companies.
    (SFC, 1/1/14, p.E5)

2013        Dec 30, The US FAA selected six states (Alaska, Nevada, New York, North Dakota, Texas and Virginia) to test how drones can be more widely used in US airspace. 24 states had competed for selection.
    (SFC, 12/31/13, p.A6)

2014        Jan 11, A permit to hunt a black rhino in Namibia sold for $350,000 at an auction in Dallas with proceeds going to protect the endangered animals despite protests from animal rights groups that saw the sale as immoral conservation.
    (Reuters, 1/11/14)

2014        Jan 22, Texas executed Edgar Tamayo Arias (46), a Mexican convicted of killing a policeman, despite a diplomatic outcry and pressure from the US federal government to further review his case.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)
2014        Jan 22, TransCanada began delivering oil from Cushing, Oklahoma, to customers in Nederland, Texas, through the southern portion of the proposed Keystone XL pipeline.
    (SFC, 1/23/14, p.A6)

2014        Feb 5, Texas executed Suzanne Basso (59) for the 1998 slaying of Louis Musso (59), a mentally disabled man, to rob him of his cash and collect insurance.
    (SFC, 2/6/14, p.A6)

2014        Mar 7, In Fort Hood, Texas, Army Sgt. 1st Class Gregory McQueen, a coordinator of the post’s sexual assault and harassment program, was charged with 21 counts of pandering, conspiracy and maltreatment of a subordinate.
    (SSFC, 3/9/14, p.A9)

2014        Mar 10, The office of Switzerland's attorney general said its criminal investigation into former Texas tycoon R. Allen Stanford's massive Ponzi scheme has concluded that some of the victims' money was laundered in Swiss accounts.
    (AP, 3/10/14)

2014        Mar 13, In Texas Rashad Charjuan Owens (21) drove drunk into a crowd at the South by Southwest (SXSW) music festival in Austin leaving 2 people dead and 23 injured. 9 remained hospitalized in critical condition. A 3rd person died of her injuries on March 17.
    (AFP, 3/13/14)(SFC, 3/15/14, p.A11)(SFC, 3/18/14, p.A7)

2014        Mar 13, US border agent Esteban Manzanares (32) committed suicide. He was accused of kidnapping and assaulting an immigrant woman, her daughter and another girl a day earlier in Mission, Texas.
    (SFC, 3/15/14, p.A10)(AP, 3/17/14)

2014        Mar 22, In Texas a barge began leaking oil into the Houston Ship Channel after colliding with a bulk carrier near Texas City at the mouth of Galveston Bay.
    (Reuters, 3/23/14)

2014        Mar 24, Major Texas shipping channels that deliver crude oil for more than one-tenth of the nation's refining capacity were shut for a third day, as the cleanup from a spill threatened to last through the week.
    (Reuters, 3/24/14)

2014        Mar 25, The US Coast Guard partially reopened the Houston Ship Channel following the March 22 collision between an oil barge and a bulk carrier near Texas City. 170,000 gallons of tar-like coal were spilled.
    (SFC, 3/26/14, p.A6)

2014        Apr 2, In Texas soldier Ivan Lopez     gunned down 3 people before killing himself at the Fort Hood Army base. He was under psychiatric care but had showed no signs of violence or suicidal tendencies.
    (AP, 4/3/14)

2014        Apr 3, The state of Texas executed Tommy Lynn Sells after the US Supreme Court refused to issue an 11th hour stay to allow lawyers time to investigate the source and quality of the lethal drugs used put their client to death. Mr. Sells was on death row for 13 years following his conviction for killing a 13-year-old Texas girl on New Year’s Eve 1999.
    (AP, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, Texas-based Anadarko Petroleum said it has agreed to pay the US government over $5.1 billion to thousands of sites polluted by toxins and compensate thousands of personal-injury claimants. The case originated with claims against Kerr-McGee, an Oklahoma energy company that went bankrupt and was bought by Anadarko nearly a decade ago.
    (SFC, 4/4/14, p.A6)

2014        Apr 9, In Texas Ramiro Hernandez-Llanas (44) was executed for the 1997 slaying of Glen Lich (49) a former Baylor Univ. history professor.
    (SFC, 4/10/14, p.A6)

2014        Apr 16, In Texas Jose Villegas (39) was executed for fatally stabbing his ex-girlfriend, her young son and her mother 13 years earlier in Corpus Christi.
    (SFC, 4/17/14, p.A5)

2014        May 10, The City Council of Hearne, Texas, voted unanimously to fire police officer Stephen Stem for the May 6 shooting of Pearlie Golden (93), who was armed with a handgun, during a confrontation at her home.
    (SSFC, 5/11/14, p.A16)

2014        May 27, Congressman Ralph Hall (91) of Texas, the oldest ever member of the US House, lost his Republican re-election bid to US Attorney John Ratliff (48).
    (SFC, 5/28/14, p.A8)

2014        Jun 15, The body of Gilberto Francisco Ramos Juarez (15), a teenager from Guatemala, was found in the Rio Grande Valley of South Texas. He had likely died from exposure as he made his way north.
    (SSFC, 7/13/14, p.A7) 

2014        Jun 22, The US Border Patrol said it will fly nearly 300 Central American migrants from south Texas to California for processing, as the government seeks to ease the workload on agents at the nation's busiest corridor for illegal crossings.
    (AP, 6/22/14)

2014        Jul 9, In Texas Ronald Lee Haskell (33) killed 2 adults and their 4 childrent a suburban Houston home. A girl (15) was wounded. Haskell was estranged from a woman related to the couple and soon surrendered following a police chase.
    (SFC, 7/10/14, p.A9)(SFC, 7/11/14, p.A7)

Go to http://www.timelinesdb.com
Subject = Texas
End of file.