Timeline West Virginia

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Culture: http://www.wvculture.org/
Facts:
http://www.50states.com/wvirgini.htm
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1748        Lord Fairfax, Virginia land owner, commissioned a survey of the Patterson Creek Manor, which later became part of West Virginia. The surveyor was accompanied by the nephew of Lord Fairfax and the nephew’s best friend, George Washington (16). The survey was unusually erroneous.
    (WSJ, 4/21/06, p.R8)

1781        Aug 22, Col. William Campbell (36), West Virginia Patriot militia leader, died of an apparent heart attack during the siege of Yorktown. Campbell had led his militia in the Patriot victory on October 7, 1780, at the Battle of King's Mountain in South Carolina
    (ON, 12/07, p.7)

1794        George Washington established the first national armory at Springfield, Mass. He also authorized the arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Md. (W. Va), where the Shenandoah flows into the Potomac.
    (WSJ, 9/12/97, p.A20)(SFEC, 4/25/99, p.T7)

c1800        Father Demetrius Gallitzen (1770-1840), a Russian-born Catholic priest, was directed by bishop John Carroll to investigate spirits in the home (Wizard's Clip) of Adam Livingstone in the Shenandoah Valley.
    (WSJ, 10/30/03, p.W17)

1859        Oct 16, On Sunday evening radical abolitionist John Brown and a tiny army of five black and 13 white supporters seized the Federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (now West Virginia). Convinced that local slaves would rise up behind him, Brown planned to establish a new republic of fugitives in the Appalachian Mountains. Brown's plans immediately went awry when the expected slave rebellion did not happen and the townspeople trapped Brown's men inside the engine house at the Federal arsenal. Within 24 hours, Brown and his four surviving men were captured by a force of 90 U.S. Marines under the command of Lt. Col. Robert E. Lee, pictured here. Brown, quickly convicted of criminal conspiracy and treason and sentenced to death, was hanged on December 2, 1859. As he went to the gallows, Brown handed a note to one of his guards: "I, John Brown, am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood." The incident is the backdrop for George MacDonald Fraser’s novel "Flashman and the Angel of the Lord." Brown was convicted and executed at Charlestown for treason against the state of Virginia. In 2011 Tony Horwitz authored “John Brown and the Raid That Sparked the Civil War."
    (WSJ, 4/10/95, p. A-16)(AP, 10/16/97)(HNPD, 10/16/98)(HNQ, 2/3/00)(SSFC, 10/30/11, p.F4)

1861        Apr 17, The Virginia State Convention voted to secede from the Union. Virginia became the eighth state to secede from the Union and moved troops to take over National Capital. Federal troops were rushed down the Chesapeake-Delaware Canal and arrived in time to stop Confederate troops from taking Washington D.C. The Wheeling Conventions declared Virginia’s secession from the Union unconstitutional and named Francis H. Pierpont governor of the Reorganized Government of Virginia, which was quickly recognized by the federal government. At the outbreak of the Civil War, representatives of Virginia’s western counties had gathered in the city of Wheeling (as the temporary capital) to form the Reorganized Government of Virginia. In 1862 a state constitution was adopted by the convention and on June 20, 1863, West Virginia was admitted as the 35th state in the Union.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(HN, 4/17/98)(NG, Sept. 1939, p.379)(HNQ, 6/16/99)

1861        Apr 27, West Virginia seceded from Virginia after Virginia seceded from the Union.
    (HN, 4/27/98)

1861        May 23, Pro Union and pro Confederate forces clashed in Clarksburg, West Virginia.
    (HN, 5/23/99)

1861        Jun 11, Union forces under General George B. McClellen repulsed a Confederate force at Rich Mountain in Western Virginia.
    (HN, 6/11/98)

1861        Jun 19, Loyal Virginians, in what would soon be West Virginia, elected Francis Pierpoint as their provisional governor.
    (HN, 6/19/98)

1861        Jul 4, Union and Confederate forces skirmished at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.
    (HN, 7/4/98)

1861        Sep 10, Confederates at Carnifex Ferry, Virginia, fell back after being attacked by Union troops. There were 170 casualties. The action was instrumental in helping preserve western Virginia for the Union.
    (HN, 9/10/98)(MC, 9/10/01)

1861        Oct 24, West Virginia voters chose to secede from Virginia. A Constitutional Convention began on November 26, 1861 and finished its work on February 18, 1862, and the instrument for secession was ratified on April 11, 1862.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_West_Virginia)

1861        Dec 13, Battle of Alleghany Summit, WV.
    (MC, 12/13/01)

1861        Dec 17, The Stonewall Brigade began to dismantle Dam No. 5 of the C&O Canal near Martinsburg, W.Va.
    (HN, 12/17/98)

1861        Ardent Confederate Isabelle (Belle) Boyd became one of the Civil War's most notorious spies. When only 16, she fatally wounded a Union soldier who entered her family's home in Martinsburg, Virginia (now West Virginia). During the next year, she regularly provided intelligence to Rebel commanders. She was arrested several times and twice served sentences in Washington, D.C., prisons. When captured aboard a Confederate blockade-runner in 1864, Belle was banished to Canada. While traveling in England to further the Southern cause, she created a sensation by marrying Sam Hardinge, a Union officer. A widow with one child by war's end, Boyd published her memoirs, returned to America and later earned a living by acting and lecturing on her wartime experiences.
    (HNPD, 1/16/99)

1862        Jan 10, Battle of Romney, WV.
    (MC, 1/10/02)

1862        May 15-17, Battle of Princeton, WV.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1862        Sep 12, The Battle of Harper’s Ferry took place in West Virginia.
    (MC, 9/12/01)

1862        Sep 14, A contingent of Federal troops escaped from the beleaguered Harper's Ferry.
    (www.nps.gov/hafe/jackson.htm)

1862        Sep 15, Confederates captured the Union weapon arsenal at Harpers Ferry, WV, securing the rear of Robert E. Lee's forces in Maryland.
    (HN, 9/15/99)

1862        Dec 10, U.S. House of Representatives passed a bill creating the state of West Virginia.
    (HN, 12/10/98)

1862        Dec 31, President Lincoln signed an act admitting West Virginia to the Union.
    (AP, 12/31/97)

1863        Mar 26, Voters in West Virginia approved the gradual emancipation of slaves.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1863        Jun 20, West Virginia became the 35th state.
    (AP, 6/20/97)

1863        Aug 26, Battle of Rocky Gap, WV, (White Sulphur Springs).
    (MC, 8/26/02)

1863        Oct 18, Battle of Charlestown in WV.
    (MC, 10/18/01)

1863        Nov 6, A Union force surrounded and scattered defending Confederates at the Battle of Droop Mountain, in West Virginia.
    (HN, 11/6/99)

1863        Dec 8, Averell’s cavalry destroyed railroads in the southwestern part of West Virginia.
    (HN, 12/8/98)

1864        May 21, Gen. David Hunter took command of Dept. of West Virginia.
    (MC, 5/21/02)

1864        Jul 3, At Harpers Ferry, WV, Federals evacuated in face of Early's advance.
    (MC, 7/3/02)

1864        Jul 11(Jun 11), Battle of Laurel Hill, WV.
    (MC, 7/11/02)

1864        Aug 7, Union Gen. Philip Henry Sheridan took command of his 30,000-man army at Harper’s Ferry, West Virginia. His orders from Gen. Grant were to march into the Shenandoah Valley and destroy the army of Confederate Gen. Jubal Early.
    (ON, 10/20/11, p.11)
1864        Aug 7, Union troops captured part of Confederate General Jubal Early’s army at Moorefield, West Virginia.
    (HN, 8/7/98)

1864        Sep 18, Battle of Martinsburg, WV.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1864        Oct 13, Battle of Harpers Ferry, WV (Mosby's Raid).
    (MC, 10/13/01)

1864        Nov 28, Battle of New Creek, WV, (Rosser's Raid, Ft. Kelly).
    (MC, 11/28/01)

1865        Jan 11, Battle of Beverly, WV.
    (MC, 1/11/02)

1877        Jul 17, Riots and violence erupted in several major American cities stemming from strikes against railroads in protest of wage cuts. Strikes started against the Baltimore & Ohio, and quickly spread west, with riots erupting in Baltimore, Pittsburgh, Chicago and St. Louis. Nine were killed when Federal troops were sent into Martinsburg, West Virginia.
    (HNQ, 12/11/98)

1877        Jul 21, In West Virginia 26 railroad strikers were killed and the Union Depot and machine shops were burned down.
    (HNQ, 12/11/98)

1882        Aug 7, Hatfields of south West Virginia and McCoys of eastern Kentucky re-engaged in a feud that dated back to 1865. Some 100 were wounded or died. In 2007 medical evidence indicated that many of the descendants of the McCoys suffered from an inherited disease that leads to hair-trigger rage and violent outbursts.
    (www.tugvalleychamberofcommerce.com/tour.html)(SFC, 4/6/07, p.A16)

1887        Warwick China Co. was incorporated in Wheeling, West Virginia. The company closed operations in 1951.
    (SFC, 1/4/06, p.G2)

1892        The Central Glass Co. of Wheeling, W. Va., made a pattern of glass called Coin based on real US coins. After 8 months of production the US Treasury Dep. ruled that using the coins was a form of counterfeiting money and the pattern was discontinued.
    (SFC, 3/28/07, p.G7)

1896        Oct. 1, The U.S. Post Office established Rural Free Delivery, with the first routes in West Virginia.
    (AP, 10/1/97)

1897        Sep 11, A strike by some 75,000  coal miners in Pennsylvania, Ohio and West Virginia ended after 10 weeks. Concessions included an eight-hour work day, semi-monthly pay, and the abolition of company stores (which were famous for over charging workers). The day before, about 20 miners were killed when sheriff's deputies opened fire on them in Pennsylvania.
    (AP, 9/11/97)(MC, 9/11/01)

1905        The First National Bank of Keystone was founded.
    (SFC, 10/21/99, p.AA4)

1907        Sep 1, Walter Reuther, labor leader, was born in Wheeling, W.Va. He merged the American Federation of Labor with the Congress of International Organizations
    (HN, 9/1/99)(AP, 9/1/07)

1907        Dec 6, The worst mining disaster in U.S. history occurred as 362 men and boys died in a coal mine explosion in Monongah, W.Va.
    (AP, 12/6/07)

1908        May 10, The first Mother's Day observance took place during church services in Grafton, W.Va., and Philadelphia.
    (AP, 5/10/97)

1908        Jul 5, In Fairmont, West Virginia, a special day was organized by Mrs. Grace Golden Clayton, who wanted to celebrate the lives of the 210 fathers who had been lost in the Monongah Mining disaster several months earlier, on December 6, 1907. A general Father’s Day was organized in Spokane, Wa., on June 19, 1910.
    (AP, 6/19/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Father%27s_Day)

1911        Sep 20, Frank DeVol (d.1999), composer and actor, was born in Moundsville. He wrote scores for over 50 films and the TV shows that included "My Three Sons" and "The Brady Bunch."
    (SFC, 10/30/99, p.C2)

1914        Apr 28,  At Eccles, WV, 181 died in coal mine collapse.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1915        Frankie Yankovic (d.1998) was born in Davis, W. Va. He later became the Polka King from Cleveland.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.C6)

1917        Mar 27, Cyrus Vance (d.2002) was born in Clarksburg. In 1980 President Carter accepted the resignation of Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, who had opposed the failed rescue mission aimed at freeing American hostages in Iran.
    (AP, 4/28/97)(SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A27)

1920        May 19, In Matewan, West Virginia, a gunbattle between coal company-hired detectives and local townspeople leaving 10 men dead, including mayor Cabell Testerman, 2 miners and 7 detectives.
    (AH, 4/07, p.62)(www.matewan.com/History/battle.htm)

1920        Nov, In West Virginia Democratic Gov. John Cornwell invoked martial law and called for help from Washington to quell violence between mine owners and striking coal miners.
    (AH, 4/07, p.63)

1921        Jan 3, The state capitol in Charleston, West Virginia, was destroyed by a fire. Ammunition, bought by the West Virginia State Police two years before, was stored on the top floor of the building. The ammunition had been purchased for use in the coal field disputes which had threatened to erupt into civil war.
    (http://www.charlestonwv.net/community/capitol.html)

1921        May 3, West Virginia imposed the first state sales tax.
    (AP, 5/3/97)

1921        Aug 1, Sid Hatfield, police chief of Matewan, WV,  and Ed Chambers were murdered on the steps of the McDowell County Courthouse by Baldwin-Felts detectives. Hatfield and 22 miners had been recently been acquitted of the May 19, 1920 shootings in Matewan, WV, but he was indicted for conspiracy for continuing mine violence. Hatfield had been a long-time supporter of the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA). This soon led to the Battle of Blair Mountain, a labor uprising also know as the Red Neck War.
    (http://pubs.socialistreviewindex.org.uk/isj66/newsinger.htm)(AH, 4/07, p.63)

1921        Sep 2, At the Battle of Blair Mountain in West Virginia an army of 10 to 15 thousand miners and their families faced a private army of some 2,000 men and 2,100 state and federal troops. The fledgling US Air Force dropped a few bombs as a demonstration meant to overawe the labor organizers and in the event. The death toll for the battle was estimated from fewer than 20 to more than 50.
    (Econ, 5/26/07, p.32)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Blair_Mountain)(AH, 4/07, p.67)

1921        The Eureka Art Glass Co., later renamed Blenko glass Co., opened in Milton, West Virginia under William Blenko.
    (SFC, 10/22/08, p.G3)

1924        Jul 21, Don Knotts (d.2006), later film and TV star (The Andy Griffith Show, Matlock, Three’s Company), was born in Morgantown, West Virginia.
    (SSFC, 2/26/06, p.B7)

1924        Congressman Samuel Brashear was killed by lightning.
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, Z1 p.5)

1926        Sep 26, John Knowles (d.2001), author of the 1959 novel “A Separate Peace," was born in Fairmont, W. Va.
    (SFC, 11/30/01, p.A27)

1928        Jun 13, John Forbes Nash, Jr. American mathematician, was born in West Virginia. He shared the 1994 Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences (also called the Nobel Prize in Economics) with two other game theorists, Reinhard Selten and John Harsanyi.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Forbes_Nash)

1942        Robert C. Byrd of West Virginia began winning elections when his local chapter of the Ku Klux Klan picked him as its leader. He was elected a US Senator in 1959.
    (Econ, 11/15/08, p.36)

1946        Robert Byrd (1917-2010) was elected to the West Virginia state House of Delegates.
    (Econ, 7/3/10, p.82)

1950        Feb 9, In a speech at the Republican Women's Club in Wheeling, W. Va., Sen. Joseph McCarthy, R-Wis., charged the State Department was riddled with Communists and that he had a list of them. He asserted that Sec. of State Dean Acheson knew this and refused to do anything about it. McCarthy said there were 205 communists working in the US State Dept.
    (AP, 2/9/99)(WSJ, 12/6/99, p.A32)(WSJ, 2/9/00, p.A26)(WSJ, 5/12/98, p.A20)

1950        Jul 5, Private Kenneth Shadrick of Skin Fork, West Virginia, became the first US serviceman to die in the Korean War.
    (AP, 7/5/00)

1956        Jan 28, Iva Toguri D'Aquino (1916-2006), a Japanese-American suspected of being wartime radio propagandist "Tokyo Rose," was released from prison at Alderson, W. Virginia. In 1949 she had been tried in San Francisco and convicted for having spoken “into a microphone concerning the loss of ships." She was pardoned in 1977 by President Ford.
    (SFC, 9/28/06, p.A18)(AH, 10/02, p.28)

1956        Cecil Underwood (1922-2008), was elected governor of West Virginia becoming at age 34 the state’s youngest governor.
    (SFC, 11/25/08, p.B4)
1956        West Virginia began allowing women to serve on jury duty. The state had claimed that courthouses lacked female toilets.
    (Econ, 7/10/10, p.60)

1960        May 10, John F. Kennedy won the primary in West Virginia.
    (MC, 5/10/02)

1964        Senator Jennings Randolph (d.1998 at 96) of West Virginia helped create the Appalachian Regional Commission. The commission funneled millions of federal dollars into 13 Appalachian states for public works and economic development. It was supposed to expire in 1979.
    (SFC, 5/9/98, p.A21)

1967        Dec 15, In Point Pleasant, West Virginia, it took less than 30 seconds for the Silver Bridge to tumble into the Ohio River, killing 46 people and leaving towns on either side stunned and bereft. The bridge had linked Point Pleasant and Kanauga, Ohio, since 1928.
    (AP, 12/15/07)

1968        Jan 24, Mary Lou Retton, gymnast (Oly-gold/2 silver/2 bronze-84), was born in Fairmont, WV.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Lou_Retton)

1968        Aug 10, In West Virginia 35 people were killed in the crash of a Piedmont Airlines Fairchild FH-227 at Kanawha County Airport.
    (AP, 8/10/08)

1970        Nov 14, The Marshall Univ. football team of Huntington, West Virginia, was wiped out in air crash of a Southern Airways DC-9 at Kenova, WV. All 75 people on board were killed.
    (www.super70s.com/Super70s/Tech/Aviation/Disasters/70-11-14(SouthernAir).asp)

1972        Feb 26, A coal sludge spill killed 125 people and swallowed 500 homes in Buffalo Creek, W. Va. Over 132 million gallons of water and mud hit 17 little towns along Buffalo Creek.
    (WSJ, 10/16/01, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buffalo_Creek_Flood)

1972        In West Virginia the Augusta Heritage Center of Davis & Elkins College was founded as a unique program for the promotion of traditional music, arts, and crafts.
    (SFEC, 6/7/98, p.T1)(http://tinyurl.com/5cpecu)

1974        Apr 3, A series of 148 deadly tornadoes struck wide parts of the South and Midwest before jumping across the border into Canada; some 330 people were killed in 13 states: Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. Total property damage was estimated at $600 million. In 2007 Mark Levine authored “F5: Devastation, Survival, and the Most Violent Tornado Outbreak of the 20th Century."
    (AP, 4/3/99)(WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A7)(WSJ, 6/16/07, p.P10)

1976        Nov 2, In West Virginia’s race for governor Democrat Jay Rockefeller (b.1937) defeated former Gov. Cecil Underwood (1956-1960). Rockefeller was re-elected in 1980.
    (SFC, 11/25/08, p.B4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jay_Rockefeller)

1976        Charles Gibson (d.2006), an ordained minister, founded the Gibson Glass Co. in Milton, W. Va. The company was in business for one year when Gibson returned to the pulpit. He re-opened the business in 1983 and it became best known for cruets.
    (SFC, 12/12/07, p.G5)

1977        Oct 22, In West Virginia the New River Gorge Bridge was opened to traffic.
    (www.officialbridgeday.com/facts.html)

1977        Patsy Paugh was crowned Miss West Virginia. In 2006 Patsy Ramsey (b.1956), former Miss West Virginia (1977) and mother of JonBenet Ramsey (1990-1996), died in Roswell, Ga., following a long battle with ovarian cancer.
    (SSFC, 6/25/06, p.A2)(www.marquette.edu/org/axd/history.htm)

1978        Apr 27, In West Virginia 51 construction workers plunged to their deaths when a scaffold inside a cooling tower at the nuclear Pleasants Power Station on Willow Island fell 168 feet to the ground.
    (AP, 4/27/98)(http://historicmonroe.org/corp/willow-island.htm)

1980        Nov 8, In West Virginia Bridge Day began when parachutists began jumping from the 876-foot New River Gorge Bridge over the New River. It became annual and was scheduled on the 3rd Saturday of October. The New River is second oldest river in the world. Only the Nile is older. It is also one of only two rivers in the world which flows south to north.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, p.A3)(www.officialbridgeday.com/facts.html)

1987        Dec 23, Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, serving a life sentence for the attempted assassination of President Ford in 1975, escaped from the Alderson Federal Prison for Women in West Virginia. (She was recaptured two days later.)
    (AP, 12/23/97)

1987        Dec 25, Authorities recaptured Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, who had escaped two days earlier from the federal prison in Alderson, W.V., where she was serving a life sentence for her attempt on the life of President Ford.
    (AP, 12/25/97)

1990        Mar 21, Elkins, West Virginia, reported a record national low of minus 16 degrees.
    (SFC, 3/21/09, p.D10)

1990        In West Virginia Republican former Gov. Arch Moore pleaded guilty to five corruption-related charges, including one that alleged he spent $100,000 in unreported campaign cash during his successful 1984 campaign.
    (AP, 6/20/05)

1990s    Sen. Robert C. Byrd forced the FBI to locate its fingerprint facility in Clarksburg. This led to a biometrics program at West Virginia Univ.
    (WSJ, 3/11/02, p.A20)

1991        Marlington, West Virginia, held its first roadkill festival as a joke. The festival received a boost in 1998 when the state passed a law making the gathering of roadkill legal.
    (Econ, 10/5/13, p.34)

1996        Cecil Underwood (1922-2008), was elected governor of West Virginia a 2nd time becoming the state’s oldest governor.
    (SFC, 11/25/08, p.B4)

1997        Aug 12, Steel workers in West Virginia, Ohio and Pennsylvania ended a 10-month strike at Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corp. with a new contract. It was the longest strike by a major steel company.
    (SFC, 8/13/97, p.A3)

1997        Nov 21, A house fire in Weston left 5 children dead. It was later discovered that the fire had been intentionally set for an insurance claim. In 1998 parents Janette Ables and Barbara and Ricky Brown were indicted on 15 counts.
    (SFC,12/12/97, p.B10)(SFC, 9/18/98, p.A3)

1999        Aug 2, The Clinton administration declared West Virginia and parts of 5 other eastern states agricultural disaster areas due to heat and drought.
    (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A3)

1999        Sep 1, In Keystone the First National Bank of Keystone was taken over by federal examiners after they found that $500 million worth of mortgages did not exist. The bank's failure would cost the FDIC an estimated $750 million.
    (SFC, 10/21/99, p.AA4)

1999        Oct 18, In Keystone Terry Church, president of Keystone Mortgage Co., was arrested. Federal agents had unearthed thousands of pages of mortgage documents secretly buried on her ranch.
    (SFC, 10/21/99, p.AA4)

2000        Jan 3, Pres. Clinton opened peace talks between Syria and Israel in Shepherdstown, West Virginia.
    (SFC, 1/4/00, p.A1)

2000        Jul 7, In West Virginia 2 teenagers (17) in Grant Town confessed to killing Arthur Warren Jr. (26), a gay man. They beat him to death and then drove over his body several times to make it look like a hit-and-run.
    (SFC, 7/8/00, p.A4)(SFC, 7/24/00, p.A3)

2000        Aug 25, The new $75 million Robert C. Boyd Green Bank Telescope, the world’s largest fully steerable radio telescope, was dedicated following almost 10 years of construction.
    (WSJ, 8/28/00, p.B11E)

2000        In West Virginia Democrat Bob wise defeated Gov. Cecil Underwood (1922-2008).
    (SFC, 11/25/08, p.B4)

2001        Jul 8, In West Virginia Gov. Bob Wise declared a state of emergency due to flooding in 8 counties.
    (SFC, 7/9/01, p.A4)

2001        Oct 9, Dagmar (Virginia Ruth Egnor), who parlayed her dumb blonde act into television fame in the early 1950s, died at age 79 in West Virginia.
    (AP, 10/9/02)

2001        In West Virginia DuPont’s Spelter smelter closed. During more than 90 years of operation, the smelter produced more than 4 billion pounds of slab zinc and 400 million pounds of zinc dust for use in rustproofing products, paint pigments and battery anodes. By 1971, a toxic waste pile stood 100 feet tall and covered nearly half of the 112-acre site. Dust often blew from the site into homes in nearby communities. In 2007 10 plaintiffs won a class-action lawsuit against DuPont over long-term exposure to toxins from the site.
    (AP, 7/30/09)

2002        Mar 20, Heavy storms and severe flooding extended to West Virginia. Kentucky Gov. Paul Patton declared 12 counties emergencies.
    (SFC, 3/21/02, p.A3)

2002        May 3, Flash flooding in Appalachia killed 4 people. Virginia, W. Va. and Kentucky were hit at their intersection.
    (SFC, 5/4/02, p.A3)

2002        Jul 23, William Pierce (d.2002), white supremacist author of the 1978 “Turner Diaries," died in Hillsboro, West Virginia.
    (WSJ, 7/24/02, p.A1)

2002        Dec 25, Andrew Whittaker of Hurricane, W. Va., won the Powerball lottery ticket for $314.9 million.
    (SFC, 12/30/02, p.A2)

2003        Jan 1, More than two dozen surgeons stopped working in West Virginia to protest the high cost of malpractice insurance.
    (AP, 1/1/04)

2003        Aug 15, West Virginia officials suspected that a single sniper had killed 3 people in recent days near Charleston.
    (SFC, 8/16/03, p.A4)

2003        West Virginia Gov. Wise admitted to an extramarital affair and planned not to seek re-election.
    (USAT, 2/4/04, p.9A)

2004        Mar 22, West Virginia Gov. Bob Wise wrote to Michael Jeffries, head of Abercrombie & Fitch, to stop selling shirts with the logo “It’s All Relative in West Virginia." Jeffries refused.
    (Econ, 4/3/04, p.33)

2004        May 11, In West Virginia it was reported that some 2,000 bats and 200 birds were likely killed by whirling blades at a Tucker County wind farm.
    (USAT, 5/11/04, p.10A)

2004        Nov 2, Joe Manchin (D) was elected governor of West Virginia.
    (SFC, 11/4/04, p.A18)

2004        Federal investigators revisited Logan County, West Virginia. The sheriff and a city police chief resigned and pleaded guilty to exchanging money for votes. Three other people were convicted on related charges.
    (AP, 6/20/05)

2005        Jul 4, President Bush, during an Independence Day visit to Morgantown, W.Va., urged resolve in the war in Iraq and said that "the proper response is not retreat. It is courage."
    (AP, 7/4/06)

2005        US Rep. Alan Mollohan, D-W.Va., partnered with the head of a small defense contractor to purchase a 300-acre farm on the Cheat River in West Virginia. The contractor had won a $2.1 million contract from funds that the congressman had added to a 2005 spending bill.
    (WSJ, 4/25/06, p.A1)

2006        Jan 2, In Tallmansville, West Virginia, an explosion at the Sago coal mine trapped 13 miners more than a mile underground. After 1½ days 12 miners were found dead. Randal McCloy (27) was the lone survivor.
    (AP, 1/4/06)

2006        Jan 19, In West Virginia 19 miners escaped after a conveyor belt caught fire inside Aracoma Coal's Alma No. 1 mine. The bodies of 2 others, who failed to escape, were recovered Jan 21 and Gov. Joe Manchin said he planned to introduce legislation dealing with rapid responses in emergencies. In September 2 miners with safety responsibilities at the mine committed suicide.
    (AP, 1/22/06)(WSJ, 9/27/06, p.A1)

2006        Jan 21, Rescuers in West Virginia found the bodies of two miners who'd disappeared after a conveyor belt caught fire deep inside a coal mine.
    (AP, 1/21/07)

2006        Jan 23, West Virginia lawmakers passed a bill requiring mines to use electronic devices to track trapped miners and to stockpile oxygen to help keep them alive.
    (SFC, 1/24/06, p.A4)

2006        Jan 25, Konami Digital Entertainment reported that West Virginia school officials had struck a partnership to use Konami’s Dance Dance Revolution video game in all of its 765 public schools to attack a youth obesity problem.
    (SFC, 1/25/06, p.C1)

2006        Feb 1, In West Virginia the deaths of 2 mine workers prompted Gov. Joe Manchin to call for all coal companies in the state to halt production and perform safety checks.
    (SFC, 2/2/06, p.A5)

2006        Apr 7, Republican leaders called on Rep. Alan Mollohan, D-W.Va., to step down from his ranking post on the House ethics committee because of allegations that he provided legislative earmarks benefiting companies and individuals who helped make him a millionaire.
    (SFC, 4/8/06, p.A4)

2007        Jan 13, In Huntington, W.Va, 9 people were killed in an apartment building fire.
    (AP, 1/13/08)
2007        Jan 13, In McDowell County, W.Va., 2 miners were killed when a roof collapsed inside the Brooks Run Mining Company's Cucumber coal mine.
    (AP, 1/13/08)

2007        Jan 30, A propane tank explosion leveled the Little General Store in Ghent, W.Va., killing four people.
    (AP, 1/30/08)

2007        Feb 7, Blowing snow and intense cold was blamed for two more deaths, a total of 13 nationwide since the cold settled in, and kept schools closed for a second and in some cases a third day across much of Ohio and West Virginia.
    (AP, 2/7/07)

2007        Mar 29, West Virginia beat Clemson, 78-73, for its first NIT title in 65 years.
    (AP, 3/29/08)

2007        Sep 8, Deputies in Big Creek, West Virginia, found Megan Williams (20), who was sexually abused, beaten and stabbed while held captive for at least a week. She was repeatedly called a racial slur during the attacks in Big Creek, about 35 miles southwest of Charleston. Six people, all white, including a mother and son and a mother and daughter, were arrested in connection with the alleged abduction of the black woman. The suspects pleaded guilty and were sent to prison. In 2009 Williams, while living in Ohio, said she had lied about the abuse in 2007 in order to get back at her boyfriend, who had beaten her.
    (AP, 9/11/07)(SFC, 9/11/07, p.A9)(SFC, 10/22/09, p.A6)

2007        Dec 1, Roger Lee Dillon (22) and his girlfriend, Nicole N. Boyd (24), were arrested in West Virginia for the disappearance of $7 million in cash and checks from an Ohio armored car company. The disappearance of the money was discovered Nov 26.
    (AP, 12/1/07)

2008        Jan 17, The US EPA said Massey Energy, the country’s 4th largest coal producer, had agreed to pay a $20 million fine as part of a settlement over allegations that it routinely polluted hundreds of streams and waterways in West Virginia and Kentucky.
    (SFC, 1/18/08, p.A7)

2008        May 13, Hillary Clinton won with 67 percent of the vote in the West Virginia primary.
    (AP, 5/14/08)

2008        Nov 24, Cecil Underwood (b.1922), former 2-time governor of West Virginia, died. He won his first term in 1956 to become the state’s youngest governor. In 1996 he was elected again and became the state’s oldest governor.
    (SFC, 11/25/08, p.B4)

2009        Jan 30, In West Virginia a small plane crashed in snowy weather killing all six on board.
    (SSFC, 2/1/09, p.A8)

2009        Apr 19, The annual Goldman Environmental Prize was awarded to 7 activists from 6 nations. Rizwana Hasan (40) of Bangladesh was awarded for exposing environmental damage and exploitative practices used in the country’s ship dismantling industry; Marc Ona Essangui (45) of Gabon, the founder of Brainforest, was awarded for exposing secret agreements for a Chinese mine project that threatened Gabon’s rain forests; Yuyun Ismawati of Indonesia was awarded for designing environmentally safe waste management systems for poor Indonesia n communities; Olga Speranskaya (46) of Eco-Accord in Russia was awarded for her efforts to control and store chemicals in Russia and former Soviet republics; Wanze Eduards (52) and Hugo Jabini (44) of Suriname, leaders of the maroon community, were awarded for their efforts that led to a landmark ruling ending tribal exploitation by the government. Maria Gunnoe (40) of West Virginia was awarded for her fight against the practice of removing of the tops of mountains and filing valleys below with tailings.
    (SSFC, 4/19/09, p.A18)

2009        May 23, It was reported that millions of bats in at least 7 US states (Connecticut, New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia and West Virginia) have died from white-nose syndrome, a fungal diseases. In 2011 the fungus Geomyces destructans was identified as the cause.
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.36)(SFC, 10/28/11, p.A18)

2009        Sep, Huntington, West Virginia, ranked as America’s fattest town, welcomed Jamie Oliver, Britain’s famous Naked Chef, into its school district. His food education program was turned into a reality television series called Food Revolution.
    (www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/10/09/huntington-west-virginia-_n_315687.html)

2010        Jan 7, US scientists released a paper saying that mountaintop coal mining is so destructive that the government should stop issuing permits to do it. Earlier in the week the EPA issued a new permit for the Hobet 45 mine in West Virginia.
    (SFC, 1/8/10, p.A11)

2010        Apr 5, In West Virginia a huge underground explosion blamed on methane gas killed 25 coal miners at Massey Energy Co.'s sprawling Upper Big Branch mine, about 30 miles south of Charleston. It was the worst US mining disaster since 1984. Four missing miners were found dead on April 10. In 2009 the US Mine Safety and health Administration (MHSA) had cited the mine 515 times, often for problems with its ventilation and escape route plans. On Feb 22, 2012, mine superintendent Gary May (43) was charged with conspiracy to defraud the federal government. May became the 2nd employee of Massey to face prosecution in the case.
    (AP, 4/6/10)(AP, 4/10/10)(Econ, 4/10/10, p.32)(SFC, 2/23/12, p.A9)

2010        Apr 6, The US Court of Appeals in Washington, DC, ruled that the FDIC has no authority to regulate how Internet service providers manage traffic to their customers.
    (Econ, 4/10/10, p.35)

2010        Jun 28, Robert C. Byrd (b.1917), the longest serving member of the US Senate, died. The fiery orator and hard-charging power broker had steered billions of federal dollars to his beloved West Virginia.
    (AP, 6/28/10)

2011        Feb 16, In Elkins, West Virginia, a deputy US marshal was killed an 2 others wounded when drug suspect Charles E. Smith opened fire on them with a shotgun. Smith was shot dead.
    (SFC, 2/17/11, p.A6)

2011        West Virginia began field trails on a vaccine to stop the spread of rabies. Marshmallow-flavored packets of ONRAB, designed to be eaten by raccoons, skunks and other furry creatures, were dropped from aircraft.
    (Econ, 9/14/13, p.32)

2012        Feb 24, In West Virginia a judge approved a settlement in a class-action suit by residents of Nitro who said Monsanto had polluted their area by burning dioxin wastes left over from the production of Agent Orange.
    (SFC, 2/25/12, p.A5)

2012        Mar 24, In West Virginia a fire at a home in Charleston left 8 people dead including 6 children. Another child died due to burns the next day.
    (SFC, 3/26/12, p.A4)c

2012        Nov 15, In West Virginia Patriot Coal agreed to stop large-scale mountain-top removal mining in central Appalachia under an agreement with 3 environmental groups.
    (SFC, 11/16/12, p.A6)

2012        Dec 19, Norwegian energy company Statoil ASA said it has bought 70,000 acres of land rich in gas and liquid gas in West Virginia and Ohio.
    (AP, 12/19/12)

2013        Apr 3, In West Virginia Mingo County Sheriff Eugene Crum, known for cracking down on the drug trade in the local coal fields, was shot and killed. Suspect Tennis Melvin Maynard (37) was hospitalized for gunshot wounds.
    (SFC, 4/4/13, p.A6)

2013        Apr 22, A West Virginia teenager (14) returned to class wearing the same National Rifle Association T-shirt that led to his suspension and arrest after he refused a teacher's order last week to remove it.
    (AP, 4/22/13)

2013        Oct 9, In West Virginia Thomas J. Piccard (55), an ex-police officer, was shot dead after he peppered a courthouse in Wheeling with gunfire.
    (SFC, 10/11/13, p.A4)

2014        Jan 9, In West Virginia a spill of 4-Methylcyclohexane Methanol (MCHM), a chemical used in the coal industry, occurred on the Elk River in Charleston, West Virginia's capital and largest city. It took Freedom Industries, a maker of specialty chemicals, 12 days to disclose the additional presence of polyglycol ethers (PPH). Over the next year six top company officials pleaded guilty to charges relating to the spill.
    (Reuters, 1/10/14)(AP, 1/23/14)(SFC, 8/20/15, p.A5)

2014        Jan 10, President Barack Obama issued an emergency declaration for the state of West Virginia, ordering federal aid in the aftermath of a chemical spill that has left up to 300,000 people without tap water, closed schools and businesses. Governor Earl Ray Tomblin declared a state of emergency for nine counties.
    (Reuters, 1/10/14)

2014        Jan 14, West Virginia officials lifted a ban on drinking tap water for 35,000 customers who had been affected by a Jan 9 chemical spill that left the state's water supply nearly unusable for hundreds of thousands.
    (Reuters, 1/14/14)

2014        Jan 15, West Virginia officials said they have lifted a ban on drinking tap water for two-thirds of the customers affected by a chemical spill, but warned pregnant women to avoid it until the chemical is completely flushed from the pipes.
    (Reuters, 1/16/14)

2014        Jan 17, In West Virginia Freedom Industries, the company blamed for the Jan 9 chemical spill that left 300,000 people in the state without safe drinking water, field for bankruptcy.
    (SFC, 1/18/14, p.A4)

2014        Mar 5, Alpha Natural Resources Inc. filed a proposed settlement in a West Virginia court to pay a $27.5 million fine and spend $200 million to reduce illegal toxic discharges across five Appalachian states.
    (SFC, 3/6/14, p.A7)

2014        Nov 4, West Virginia voters elected Saira Blair (18) to the state legislature making her the youngest state lawmaker in the US.
    (TIME, 11/17/14, p.39)

2014        Nov 13, Massey Energy CEO Don Blankenship was indicted for conspiring to violate health and safety standards in relation to the April 5, 2010, West Virginia mine explosion that left 29 people dead.
    (SFC, 11/14/14, p.A8)

2014        Dec 1, In West Virginia Jody Lee Hunt (39) of Westover was found dead of a self-inflicted gunshot wound. He was suspected in four recent killings in three separate shootings.
    (SFC, 12/2/14, p.A6)

2015        Jan 1, In West Virginia Eric Campbell (21) and Edward Campbell (54) of Texas were arrested following a shooting that left two officers wounded. The bodies of Jerome Faulkner (63) and his wife Dora (62) of North Carolina, killed earlier in the day, were found in the bed of a pickup truck driven by Edward Campbell.
    (SFC, 1/3/15, p.A4)

2015        Feb 16, In West Virginia a CSX train carrying crude oil derailed east of Charleston. At least 12-15 cars derailed and at least one tank car fell into the Kanahwa River.
    (SFC, 2/17/15, p.A5)

2015        The population of West Virginia was about 1.9 million.
    (SFC, 6/22/15, p.33)

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