Timeline of Animals

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760Mil BC - 550Mil BC    In 2012 researchers said tiny vase-shaped creatures' fossils were found in Namibia's Etosha National Park and other sites around the country in rocks dating to this period. A 10-member team of international researchers published their paper in the South African Journal of Science. The discovery pushed the emergence of animal life back millions of years.
    (AFP, 2/6/12)

750Mil BC    Researchers at UC Riverside in 2009 reported evidence in rock sediments that indicated the presence of sponges dating back from 750 million to 635 million years ago. Sponges were believed to be one of the first animals to evolve from single-celled organisms.
    (SFC, 2/6/09, p.A8)

575Mil BC-160 Mil BC    Rangeomorphs, a world-wide feathery life form, lived during this period known as the Ediactaran. They fed by filtering tiny organisms from seawater were later considered as the 1st examples of complex animal life.
    (SFC, 8/20/04, p.A12)

560Mil BC    The Fermeuse formation of Newfoundland, Canada, dated to about this time. In 2014 scientists identified traces of muscle in a cnidarian, Haootia quadriformis, a creature related to modern jellyfish, sea anemones and coral.
    (Econ, 8/30/14, p.70)

520Mil BC    An arthropod called a fuxhianhuiid, with primitive limbs under its head, as well as the earliest example of a nervous system that extended past the head, lived about this time. A 2013 study reported on fossils of the creature which lived nearly 50 million years before animals first emerged from the sea onto land.
    (Live Science, 2/27/13)

515Mil BC    A clawed critter later called Lyrarapax unguispinus lived on the seabed of what became southwest China. It belonged to an extinct early arthropod group called anomalocaridids.
    (Econ, 7/19/14,p.68)

500Mil BC    A huge shellfish-type creature called anomalocaris lived about this time. In 2011 Australian scientists hailed the discovery of a pair of insect-like eyes belonging to a freakish prehistoric super-predator. The fossilized eyes measuring three cm (1.2 inches) across and with a whopping 16,000 individual lenses.
    (AFP, 12/8/11)

397Mil BC    Four-legged creatures were mucking around a muddy basin in what is now Poland about this time. In 2010 scientists reported the discovery of their the fossilized footprints in the Holy Cross Mountains in southeastern Poland.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ybp6x78)

380Mil BC    In 2008 scientists traced the origin of fingers and toes to fish-like creatures that roamed the seas about this time. In 1839 Swiss scientist Louis Agassiz described a fossil fish that had been found in Permian marl slate near Durham, northern England. He named it coelacanthus. Over the decades similar fossils were found dating from around 380 million to 70 million years ago.
    (AFP, 9/21/08)(Econ, 12/14/13, IL p.10)

375Mil BC    In 2006 scientists reported the discovery of a predator fossil fish dating to this time in on Canada’s Ellesmere Island in the High Arctic. It was later named Tiktaalik roseae and further analysis found it to have developed a mobile neck, an important development for living on land. The fish displayed bones at the ends of its fins suggestive of developing fingers and toes.
    (SFC, 10/16/08, p.A10)(SFC, 5/12/09, p.A8)

260Mil BC    Scientists in 2011 reported the discovery of the remains of a saber-toothed vegetarian. The leaf-crunching animal, about the size of a large dog, lived 260 million years ago in what is now Brazil. Its upper canine teeth were nearly 5 inches long.
    (AP, 3/25/11)

170Mil BC    The semi-aquatic platypus is thought to have split off from a common ancestor shared with humans approximately about this time. In 2008 scientists laid bare the platypus genome of 2.2 billion base pairs spread across 18,500 genes.
    (AFP, 5/8/08)

166Mil BC    Monotremes split off from ancestral mammals about this time.
    (Econ, 3/31/07, p.88)

155Mil BC - 150Mil BC    In mid-Jurassic rocks of Germany occurred the very rare remains of Archaeopteryx, widely considered as the earliest known bird. It was about the size of a dove, had a long, reptile-like tail but with real feathers, not scales, and it possessed teeth in its beak. The first Archaeopteryx fossil turned up in 1861.
    (Econ, 11/10/07, p.101)(SFC, 7/28/11, p.A8)

148Mil BC    Marsupials parted company with placentals about this time.
    (Econ, 3/31/07, p.88)

130Mil BC    Lines leading to mice and men separated about this time.
    (Econ, 5/31/14, p.71)

110Mil BC     An ankylosaur, a plant-eating dinosaur with powerful limbs, armor plating and a club-like tail inhabited northern Alberta. Its fossils, discovered in 2011, were not supposed to be there because the area at this time was covered by water.
    (AP, 3/26/11)

97Mil BC - 94Mil BC A giant dinosaur lived in Patagonia about this time. Its first fossils were found in 1987 and later named Argentinosaurus. It is among the largest known dinosaurs.
    (SFC, 5/20/14, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argentinosaurus)

95Mil BC    About this time birds that were the ancestor of modern birds, evolved an improved sense of smell. In 2011 studies used fossils of Bambiraptor to determine that birds inherited a good sense of smell from dinosaurs, and then improved the faculty. Bambiraptor, dating to this time, was a fast-moving, non-flying critter about the size of a dog.
    (AP, 4/13/11)

80Mil BC    In 2013 scientists in Utah unveiled the bones of a dinosaur discovered in 2009. It was named Lythronax argestes, or "king of gore," for its large teeth and apparent dominance as a predator. They dated it to about 80 million BC.
    (Reuters, 11/7/13)

76Mil BC    The horned dinosaur Spinops sternbergorum, which comes from the same herbivore family as the Triceratops, lived about this time. It remains were discovered in 1916 in a quarry known as the "bone bed" in Alberta, Canada. In 2011 scientists identified the bull-size dinosaur as a new species of the Late Cretaceous.
    (AP, 12/8/11)(http://tinyurl.com/7s7ubxt)

70Mil BC    Tyrannosaurus bataars, dating to this time, were first discovered in 1946 during a joint Soviet-Mongolian expedition in Mongolia’s Omnogovi Province.
    (SFC, 6/20/12, p.A8)

67Mil BC    In 1987 scientists in India found the fossilized remains of an 11½-foot snake, dating to about this time, coiled around a dinosaur egg.
    (SFC, 3/3/10, p.A3)

50Mil BC    Placentals split into four superorders about this time.
    (Econ, 3/31/07, p.88)
50Mil BC     The dog traces its ancestry back to a 5-toed, weasel-like animal called Miacis, that lived about this time.
    (MT, Fall 02, p.14)

49Mil BC    The Ambulocetus natans, a walking and swimming whale, inhabited the warm seas which covered eastern Pakistan. In 1996 fossils of the creature, about the size of a modern sea lion, were found by paleontologist Hans Thewissen.
    (SFC, 5/12/09, p.A8)

40Mil-35Mil BC    Cynodictis resembled a modern dog and lived about this time.
    (MT, Fall 02, p.14)

34Mil BC -23Mil BC    Indricotherium, a 15-foot tall mammal, lived during this period. It was later said to be the largest known mammal and related to the modern day rhinoceros.
    (SFC, 4/2/10, p.C5)

21Mil BC    A fossil of a creature called Morotopithecus bishopi, a tree-dwelling, ape-like creature that lived in what is now Uganda, was found in the 1960s and indicated that its transverse process had moved backward, behind the opening for the spinal cord. In 2007 Dr. Aaron Filler authored "The Upright Ape: a new origin of the Species," in which he argued that this common ancestor, and ancestors going back many millions of years before, walked upright. Homo sapiens, the human species, continued upright, while apes evolved back toward all fours.
    (AP, 7/16/07)

20Mil BC    Ugandapithecus Major, a remote cousin of modern great apes, roamed Uganda about this time. The fossilized skull of a male Ugandapithecus Major was discovered in 2011.
    (AFP, 8/2/11)

15Mil BC    In Australia a sheep-sized creature with giant claws lived about this time. The wombat-like marsupial was later named Nimbadon lavarackorum. In 2010 scientists discovered a cave filled with fossils of the creature.
    (SFC, 7/17/10, p.A2)

12Mil BC    A raptorial sperm whale living about this time grew up to 60 feet with some teeth 14 inches long. Fossils were discovered in a Peruvian desert and in 2010 scientists named it Leviathan melvillei.
    (SFC, 7/1/10, p.A3)

2Mil BC - 50,000BC    In Australia a herbivorous diprotodon, the largest marsupial to ever roam the earth, lived about this time. A fossil of the car sized mega-wombat was unearthed in northern Australia in 2011.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)

1Mil BC    DNA evidence in 2008 suggested that the black rat originated in South-East Asia about this time and then split into 6 lines, one of which colonized India and the Middle East and then spread to Europe.
    (Econ, 3/15/08, p.97)

600000 BC    DNA evidence in 2012 indicated that the polar bears species dated back to about this time.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, SR p.9)

135000 BCE        DNA evidence in 1997 indicated that the modern dog has been around since about this time.
    (SFC, 6/13/97, p.A10)(MT, Fall 02, p.14)

48000BC -18000BC    In 2011 the journal Current Biology reported that all polar bears today have descended from one female brown bear in Ireland between 20,000 and 50,000 years ago.
    (SFC, 7/8/11, p.A6)

43000BC    Scientists in 2008 reported that one of two genetically distinct mammoth groups went extinct about this time.
    (www.science.psu.edu/alert/Schuster6-2008.htm)

41000BC    A land bridge between Australia and Tasmania formed about this time allowing people to cross into Tasmania. Two thousand years later the megafauna of Tasmania were gone.
    (Econ, 9/14/13, SR p.5)

15590BC    Saber tooth cats roamed the hills north of Las Vegas about this time. Fossils of the front legs of such a cat were identified in 2012.
    (SFC, 12/17/12, p.A5)

c15000BCE    Dogs first began to associate with some humans as people began to form settlements.
    (WSJ, 11/22/02, p.B1)

14000 BCE    The earliest fossils of domestic dogs date to this time. They were found in Germany.
    (MT, Fall 02, p.14)

8000BC    Mastodons roamed over Ohio. In 1887 Newton S. Conway discovered the skeleton of a mastodon on his farm on the Clark-Champaign County line. It became known as the Conway Mastodon.
    (SSFC, 1/9/11, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/2ecv34t)
8000BC    The 15-foot, 3-toed Macrauchenia, a native of Patagonia, went extinct about this time. It had a body like a camel, a neck like a giraffe, and a flexible nose like an elephant’s trunk. Its fossil was discovered by Charles Darwin during his trip to the region (1833-1834).
    (SFC, 4/2/10, p.C5)
8000BC    It is believed that the Chinese became to first to domesticate wild boars about this time.
    (Econ, 12/20/14, p.68)

c7500BCE    A research team in 2004 uncovered a carefully buried cat on Cyprus, placed just inches from a human burial that also contained polished stones, shells, tools and jewelry. The graves were estimated to be 9,500 years old.
    (AP, 4/9/04)

6000BC    The last wooly rhino died about this time.
    (Econ, 8/24/13, p.72)

246BC-222BC        Ptolemy III Euergeter served as Egypt’s 3rd ruler of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. In 2010 archeologists discovered a temple, thought to belong to Queen Berenice, wife of King Ptolemy III who ruled Egypt in the 3rd century B.C. Archeologists believed that the temple might have been dedicated to the ancient cat-goddess Bastet.
    (www.crystalinks.com/ptolemaic.html)(AP, 1/19/10)

565        Aug 22, St. Columba reported seeing a monster in Loch Ness.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

960        England’s King Edgar imposed an annual tribute of 300 wolf skins on Idwal, king of Wales.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.125)

1250-1300    Maori ancestors arrived in New Zealand. By 2013 the country had lost 51 species of birds, 3 of frogs, 3 of lizards and one of a freshwater fish.
    (Econ, 9/14/13, SR p.5)

1657        The last wolf in Boston, Mass., was killed.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.125)

1751        Feb 25, The 1st performing monkey exhibited in America was in NYC.
    (MC, 2/25/02)

1751        Pietro Longhi painted “Exhibition of a Rhinocerous at Venice." It depicted Clara, a touring Indian rhinoceros owned by Dutch sea captain Douwemout Van der Meer.
    (SSFC, 3/27/05, p.E1)

1755        The “last specimen" of a dodo bird, a stuffed but rotted relic, was burned at the Ashmoleum Museum at Oxford, England. Fortunately, someone removed the head and the foot of the specimen and saved them.  In 1996 by David Quammen authored The Song of the Dodo: Is-land Biogeography in an Age of Extinctions. In 2003 Clara Pinto-Correia authored “Return of the Crazy Bird." The London Museum of natural History later displayed a mounted specimen of Raphus cucullatus.
    (www.complete-review.com/reviews/divsci/pintocc.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/c9zpyw)

1765        Mar 24, Austrian Empress Maria Theresa issued a decree to establish a School for Healing Animal Diseases.
    (StuAus, April '95, p.23)

1770        Apr, Cockfighting in Puerto Rico, introduced by Spain in the 16th century, was officially recognized for the first time.
    (AP, 7/23/12)

1780        A Japanese whaling ship ran aground near the western end of the Aleutian Islands. Rats from the ship reached the nearest island giving it the name Rat Island. The incident introduced the non-native Norway rat, also known as the brown rat, to Alaska. The rats terrorized all but the largest birds on the island. In the Fall of 2008 poison was dropped onto the island from helicopter-hoisted buckets for a week and a half. By mid 2009 there were no signs of living rats and some birds had returned.
    (Econ, 1/20/07, p.43)(Reuters, 6/12/09)

1796        Apr 3, The 1st elephant was shipped to the US from Bengal, India, by Broadway show-man Jacob Croninshield.
    (SFC, 11/18/00, p.B3)

1796        Apr 13, The 1st elephant arrived in US from India.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1808        A 56-foot oarfish washed ashore in Scotland. This was the first documented sighting of the rare fish.
    (SFC, 12/4/10, p.A7)

1820        Cats were introduce to Macquarie Island, located half-way between New Zealand and Antarctica. Rabbits were introduced in 1878. The eradication of cats led to an epidemic of rabbits, which devastated the native vegetation.   
    (Econ, 9/14/13, SR p.10)

1831-1832    Animals from the Tower of London menagerie created the core of the London Zoo.
    (Hem, 9/04, p.71)

1835        Jun 2, P.T. Barnum and his circus began 1st tour of US.
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1836        The Swedish Hunter’s Association was founded with the aim of building up the moose population, which had dropped to some 300.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.128)

1839        Swiss scientist Louis Agassiz described a fossil fish that had been found in Permian marl slate near Durham, northern England. He named it coelocanthus. Over the decades similar fossils were found dating from around 380 million to 70 million years ago.
    (Econ, 12/14/13, IL p.10)

1845        Mar 5, Congress appropriated $30,000 to ship camels to western US. [see 1855]
    (MC, 3/5/02)

1845        Walter Potter, English taxidermist, opened his stuffed animal museum in Bramble, south of London. Admission was 2 cents.
    (SFC, 11/29/02, p.K8)

1847        Dr. Thomas Savage, American doctor and missionary, brought back to the US partial skeletons of gorillas, and gave them the scientific name Troglodytes gorilla.
    (ON, 11/04, p.11)

1851        Jan 27, John James Audubon (b. 1785), wildlife painter and conservationist (Audubon Society), died. He was buried in NYC. In 2004 Duff Hart-Davis authored "Audubon's Elephant," and account of his 12 year sojourn to Europe to oversee the production of "Birds of America." In 2004 William Souder authored “Under a Wild Sky: John James Audubon and the Making of the Birds of America."
    (HNQ, 7/15/01)(MC, 1/27/02)(WSJ, 3/26/04, p.W6)(SSFC, 6/20/04, p.M6)

1855        Mar 3, Congress approved $30,000 to test camels for military use. [see 1845]
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1856        Sep 2, Paul Du Chaillu (1831-1903), French-American journalist and hunter, shot and killed his 1st gorilla in Gabon. Over the next 3 years he killed 31 gorillas. In 1861 he published “Explorations & Adventures in Equatorial Africa."
    (ON, 11/04, p.12)

1859          The London Fish House unveiled 4 seahorses, long believed to mythical creatures. Seahorses are the only species in which the males become pregnant, providing the young with food and oxygen before giving birth to up to 1,000 babies, each the size of a flea.
    (Econ, 9/12/09, p.93)

1862        Jun, SF Lawmakers signed a petition to anoint Lazarus (d.1963) and Bummer (d.1865), 2 popular rat catching dogs, as official city property and exempt from the recently passed muzzle law. In 1984 Malcolm E. Barker authored “Bummer & Lazarus: San Francisco’s Famous Dogs."
    (SSFC, 1/27/02, p.D6)(SFC, 1/30/04, p.A23)(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.E11)

1866        Apr 10, The American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) was incorporated.
    (AP, 4/9/97)

1874        Mar 17, Kincsem, a horse that never lost a race, was born.
    (MC, 3/17/02)

1874        Jul 1, The 1st US zoo opened in Philadelphia.
    (MC, 7/1/02)

1874        Cattleman Charles Goodnight rounded up 5 orphaned buffalo calves and set them loose on 10,000 acres in the Palo Duro Canyon of the Texas Panhandle. The herd grew to 250 animals and a number were sent to start herds elsewhere. In 1997 the herd was put under the guardianship of the state. By 2001 it was realized that inbreeding put the herd at risk of extinction. In 2005 Ted Turner agreed to provide 3 bulls from his herd in New Mexico to help the Texas herd.
    (WSJ, 8/2/05, p.A1)

1876        Mar 1, Guernsey Cattle Club formed in Farmington, CT.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1878        Mar 26, Sabi Game Reserve, world's 1st official designated game reserve, opened.
    (SS, 3/26/02)

1879        P.T. Barnum (60) teamed up with James A. Bailey to create "The Greatest Show on Earth." [see Mar 28, 1881]
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R40)

1881        Mar 16, Barnum & Bailey Circus debuted. [see Mar 18]
    (MC, 3/16/02)

1881        Mar 18, Barnum and Bailey’s Greatest Show on Earth opened in Madison Square Gar-dens. [see Mar 16]
    (HN, 3/18/98)

1881        Mar 28, "Greatest Show On Earth" was formed by P.T. Barnum and James A. Bailey. [see 1879 and Mar 16,18, 1881]
    (MC, 3/28/02)

1882        Aug 28, Belle Benchley, the first female zoo director in the world, who directed the Zoo-logical Gardens of San Diego, was born.
    (HN, 8/28/98)

1883        US big circus owners P.T. Barnum and Adam Forepaugh engaged in a “White Elephant War" to gain audience share. The press discovered that Forepaugh’s elephant, named Light of Asia, was painted. It died a year later. The story was later told by Michael Daly in “Topsy: The Startling Story of the Crooked-Tailed Elephant, P.T. Barnum, and the American Wizard, Thomas Edison" (2013).
    (SSFC, 8/11/13, p.F7)

1885        Sep 15, Jumbo (b.~1860), a circus elephant, was killed in Ontario, Canada, after being struck by a goods train while being loaded into a circus carriage. In 2014 John Sutherland authored “Jumbo: The Unauthorized Biography of a Victorian Sensation."
    (Econ, 2/8/14, p.81)

1888        Jul, Harold P. Brown, on behalf of Thomas Edison, zapped dogs at Columbia College to demonstrate the supposed danger of alternating current, a mode of power favored by Edison’s rival George Westinghouse. The NY state legislature had recently designated electrocution as the official means for capital punishment.
    (SFEC, 3/22/98, p.A26)(ON, 10/04, p.7)

1888        In Brazil Joao Batista, Baron of Drummond, opened a zoo in Rio de Janeiro. To pull in business he printed animals on tickets and displayed a winning animal on a flag at the end of the day and paying 20 times the cost of the ticket. Side betting soon developed.
    (Econ, 5/5/12, p.38)

1889        The British Royal Society for the Protection of Birds was founded.
    (www.infomat.net/infomat/rd741/rd1/database/rspb/index.asp)

1890        In California the first opossums were released by humans in Los Angeles County about this time. Tow more releases were documented in 1910 and 1924.
    (SFC, 11/26/08, p.G3)

1891        Feb 26, The 1st buffalo was purchased for Golden Gate Park in SF under John McLaren. A pair of bison, named Benjamin Harrison and Sarah Bernhardt, were settled in Golden Gate Park following reports that only 1000 were left in the US.
    (SFC, 12/13/99, p.A18)(SC, 2/26/02)(SFC, 10/30/08, p.B1)

1892        Mar 3, 1st cattle tuberculosis test in US was made at Villa Nova, PA.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1893        Feb 26, 2 Clydesdale horses set a record by pulling 48 tons on a sledge in Michigan.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1894        Mar 8, NY passed the 1st state dog license law. [see Mar 10]
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1894        Mar 10, New York Gov. Roswell P. Flower signed the nation's first dog-licensing law. The license fee was $2, renewable annually for $1.
    (AP, 3/10/99)

1894        May 31, Victor Horsley, medical researcher, published a report in Nature indicating that cats shot through the head stop breathing and that resuscitative efforts helped them survive.
    (WSJ, 8/21/96, p.A15)

1897        Apr 6 & 16, Frank M. Chapman, ornithologist with the American Museum of Natural His-tory, observed large numbers of flying hawks over Veracruz, Mexico.
    (NH, 10/96, p.37)

1897        The Royal Pigeon Racing Association formed in England. In 2004 it began drug testing among its members for the use of steroids in their pigeons.
    (WSJ, 11/11/04, p.A1)
1897         Ottoman authorities disbanded a reactivated League of Prizren, executed its leader and banned Albanian language books.
    (www, Albania, 1998)
1897        Wolves disappeared from the Netherlands. In 2011 a wolf was again spotted in the country.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.125)

1898        Cockfighting in Puerto Rico was banned after the US invaded the island.
    (AP, 7/23/12)

1900        May 25, President William McKinley signed the Lacey Act, 16 U.S.C. § 3371–3378, to defend fauna from poachers. It banned the illegal commercial transportation of wildlife. The conservation law was introduced by Iowa Rep. John F. Lacey. It has been amended several times. The most significant times were in 1969, 1981, and in 1989.
    (Econ, 9/12/09, p.14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lacey_Act)

1903        Jan 4, Topsy the elephant was poisoned electrocuted in Luna Park, Coney Island, NYC. The 10-foot elephant had killed 3 keepers over the last 2 years. Edison used the opportunity to demonstrate the lethal potential of alternating current, promoted by rival George Westinghouse.
    (Econ, 7/26/03, p.33)(Internet)

1903        Mar 14, The 1st national bird reservation was established in Sebastian, Florida.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1905        East Coasters including Theodore Roosevelt, Andrew Carnegie and Frederic Remington set up the American Bison Society. In 1907 they sent 15 animals by rail to the new Wichita Bi-son Refuge in Oklahoma. The society met for the last time in 1935. The society was revitalized in 2005 to secure the ecological future of the animal. In 2009 Steven Rinella authored “Ameri-can Buffalo: In Search of a Lost Icon."
    (Econ, 1/17/09, p.82)

1905        California banned the collection of condor eggs. By 1982 only 22 condors were left in the state. In 1987 government biologists caught the last of 5 wild condors. Between 1992 and 2004 161 condors were released of which about half survived.
    (CW, Winter 04, p.26)

1907        Clarence Birdseye, an Amherst biology student, began selling bobcat and coyote hide from traders in New Mexico, purchased for fifty cents, to furriers in New York for a dollar and a quarter. In 1912 he moved to Labrador to farm foxes and trade furs.
    (ON, 8/12, p.5)

1908        Aug 28, Roger Tory Peterson, author, was born in Jamestown, NY. His work included the innovative bird book “A Field Guide to Birds."
    (HN, 8/28/00)

1909        Mar 4, US prohibited the interstate transportation of game birds.
    (SC, 3/4/02)

1910        Feb 17, In San Francisco 3 elephants appearing at a Broadway vaudeville house went on a rampage while parading in North Beach.
    (SSFC, 2/14/10, DB p.42)

1910        Aug 19, The advance guard of the Barnum & Bailey Circus began arriving in San Francisco, claiming to be the biggest ever to visit the Pacific Coast. It included 1,280 people, 85 railroad cars, 700 horses and 400 elephants.
    (SSFC, 8/15/10, DB p.42)

1911        Wild oysters in SF Bay Area were pretty much wiped out by this time. The native Olympia oyster, Ostrea lurida, had once blanketed the region from Southern California to Southeastern Alaska. In 2012 a scientific study said the Olympia oyster was functionally extinct.
    (SFC, 7/7/12, p.A10)
1911        A group of South Africans took part in the Trans-Saharan Ostrich Expedition to claim the Barbary Ostrich from French West Africa. They then sold the expensive plumes to milliners in across American and Europe.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.95)

1912        Feb 4, In San Francisco two horses were killed when a huge truck loaded with 45 tons of copper cable broke free on the steep grade of Steiner Street hill. 50 horses were pulling against the truck with 4 horses guiding when the cable broke.
    (SSFC, 2/5/12, DB p.42)

1913        Aug 27, In San Francisco a fire at arcade stables on Folsom St. between 5th and 6th killed 95 horses.
    (SSFC, 8/25/13, DB p.58)

1914        Sep 1, Martha, the last known passenger pigeon, died at Cincinnati Zoo.
    (MC, 9/1/02)

1916        Jul 11, Dan Patch (b.1896), a record-breaking, Indiana-born, harness race horse, died and was buried in Minnesota. He was the first harness race horse to break the 2-minute mile. In 2008 Charles Leersen authored “Crazy Good: The True Story of Dan Patch, The Most Famous Horse in America." Here Leersen details the pharmacopoeia used in racing at the turn of the century. 
    (WSJ, 5/17/08, p.W9)

1917        Mar 29, Man O'War, racehorse (winner of 20 out of 21 races and $249,465), was born.
    (MC, 3/29/02)

1920        Dec 6, In Boston, Mass., a dog with spectacles was shown at the annual fair of the Ani-mal Rescue League.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5hbur6)

1920-1935    In the US thousands of mustangs were sent to slaughter to provide cheap meat in what came to be called the “Great Removal." In 2008 Deanne Stillman authored “Mustang: The Saga of the Wild Horse in the American West."
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.90)

1922        Jul 15, 1st duck-billed platypus was publicly exhibited in US at a NY zoo.
    (MC, 7/15/02)

1924        The last known native wolf in California was trapped and killed in Lassen County. In 2011 a wolf named OR7 entered northern California from Oregon.
    (SFC, 2/18/12, p.A9)

1924        An Ohio state spider count recorded 306 species.
    (USAT, 5/18/04, p.17A)

1925        In Rwanda’s Virunga Mountains the Volcanoes National Park was formed to protect gorillas from poaching.
    (SSFC, 6/23/13, p.M3)
1925        Goat races began in Tobago as a working-class alternative to horse racing. In 20011 the Buccoo Goat Race Festival, scheduled for April 25-26, sought support on Facebook.
    (AP, 4/16/11)

1926        The last grey wolf disappeared from the Yellowstone region. By 1973 only a few wolves remained in northern Michigan and Minnesota. In 1995 the federal government reintroduced wolves to the greater Yellowstone region (Idaho, Montana, Wyoming) and by 2008 their population reached 1,500.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.44)

1928        May 19, The 1st annual "Frog Jumping Jubilee" at Angel's Camp, Ca., drew 51 frogs.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1929        Jan 29, The first seeing-eye Dog Guide School in the United States received their char-ter. Seeing Eye, Inc., was founded in Morris Township, New Jersey, by Dorothy Harrison Eustus. In February Morris Frank and Jack Humphrey began operating the 1st Seeing Eye school in the US in Nashville, Tenn. Frank had trained under Humphrey in Switzerland at a kennel owned by Dorothy Eustis. Buddy was Frank's 1st dog and in 1936 became the 1st seeing-eye dog to ride as a passenger on an American commercial airline.
    (HNQ, 3/10/01)(www.seeingeye.org/aboutus/?M_ID=472)(ON, 12/03, p.5)

1931        Jul 27, Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebraska and South Dakota destroyed thousands of acres of crops.
    (MC, 7/27/02)

1932        Mar 31, 150 wild swans died in Niagara waterfall.
    (MC, 3/31/02)

1932        Aug 10, Rin Tin Tin (b.1918), US Hollywood-dog, died. In 2011 Susan Orlean authored “Rin Tin Tin: The Life and Legend." In 1922 Rin Tin Tin was spotted by the maker of a motion picture camera and his career began. He went on to create a total of 26 motion pictures for Warner Brothers and received over 10,000 fan letters per week.
    (http://www.tv.com/people/rin-tin-tin/)

1932        Phar Lap, an Australian race horse, took ill and died after being taken to the United States. The giant New Zealand-born chestnut became an icon in Australia during the Great Depression, winning 37 of his 51 races, including one Melbourne Cup in 1930 and two Cox Plates in 1930 and 1931. In 2008 tests proved that Phar Lap was poisoned by arsenic.
    (AFP, 6/19/08)

1933        May 3, A white buffalo calf was born in western Montana. He was later named "Big Medicine" and lived until Aug 25, 1959. His hide was molded to a mannequin and that went on display at the Montana Historical Society on Jul 13, 1961.
    (Helena Museum flyer, 9/11/97)

1933        Aug, The Puerto Rico legislature forced the governor to reinstate cockfighting, which had been banned, by threatening to block the budget. It won official status and became known as the "gentleman's sport" because of its honor-based betting system in which men yell bets at each other and later pay them.
    (SFEC, 4/26/98, p.A3)(AP, 7/23/12)

1934        Apr 3, Jane van Lawick-Goodall, ethologist (studied African chimps, 1974 Walker Prize), was born in London, England. She was a British anthropologist, known for her work with African chimpanzees. In 2000 her autobiography "Africa in My Blood: An Autobiography in Letters, The Early Years, 1934-1966," was edited by Dale Peterson.
    (HN, 3/4/99)(SFEC, 6/18/00, BR p.6)(SC, 3/4/02)(MC, 4/3/02)

1935        Apr 29, It was reported that live rabbits were being sewn onto dog-track racing ma-chines in the San Francisco Bay Area counties of San Mateo and Santa Clara.
    (SSFC, 4/25/10, DB p.54)

1935        Dec 6, The San Francisco Chronicle reported that rats now exceeded city’s population of people by a factor of 3 to 1.
    (SSFC, 12/5/10, DB p.50)

1935        In Australia cane toads (Bufo marinus) from Hawaii were introduced to wipe out beetles that were devastating Queensland's sugar cane industry. The beetles survived and the toads became a pest and a threat to the native quolls, small spotted marsupials. On March 28, 2009, a festive mass killing of the creatures began as “Toad Day Out." The corpses were turned into fertilizer for the very farmers who've battled the pests for years.
    (Econ, 7/12/03, p.38)(SFC, 6/10/06, p.B8)(AP, 3/26/09)

1936        Jun 18, In San Francisco Wally the elephant (25) was shot to death following the June 16 trampling death of Fleishhacker Zoo keeper Edward Brown (42).
    (SSFC, 6/12/11, DB p.46)(SSFC, 6/19/11, DB p.46)

1936        Nov 9, In China Ruth Harkness and her party found a 3-lb giant panda cub, eyes not yet open, in a hollow tree. They named the cub Su-Lin - Chinese for "something very cute."
    (http://femexplorers.com/full_article.php?article_id=17)

1936        Dec 18, Su-Lin, the 1st giant panda to come to US from China, arrived in SF. The giant panda, captured by Ruth Harkness, was the 1st ever seen in the US. In 2005 Vicki Constantine Croke authored “The Lady and the Panda."
    (http://femexplorers.com/full_article.php?article_id=17)(SSFC, 7/17/05, p.F2)

1936        India’s Jim Corbett National Park was established to provide endangered Bengal tigers with safe territory.
    (AP, 2/10/14)

1937        Mar 18, In Missouri Jim the Wonder Dog died at age 12 at the Lake of the Ozarks. The dog had uncanny abilities that were verified but never explained.
    (SFC, 3/29/99, p.A3)

1938        Mar 27, San Francisco SPCA officer Al Girolo broke up a cockfight  at the back of 1363 Underwood Street in Hunters Point. 7 men were arrested and 6 roosters seized.
    (SSFC, 2/24/13, DB p.42)

1938        Dec, A South African fishing trawler brought up in its nets a coelacanth fish, long thought to be extinct. The fish was identified by naturalist Marjorie Courtenay-Latimer. She sent a sketch of the fish to Prof. J.L.B. Smith who properly identified it as a new species of coelacanth and named it Latimeria chalumnae. It was later mounted and is now on display in the East London Museum.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.825,831)(Econ, 12/14/13, IL p.11)

1938        Florida passed a law making it illegal to export alligators.
    (SSFC, 5/15/05, p.C2)

1939        Mar 3, The new Goldfish swallowing craze began to sweep college campuses getting a start at the Ivy League's Harvard University.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)

1939        Jul 17, Paddy the Wanderer, a stray Airedale, died. The dog had become the unofficial mascot of the docks in Wellington, NZ. A fleet of black taxis led its funeral procession.
    (SSFC, 11/14/04, p.F11)

1944        The last undisputed report of an ivory-billed woodpecker in the continental North America was in Louisiana this year.
    (Econ, 10/15/11, p.42)

1945        Maria Dickin decorated Rip, a dog, for finding more than 100 people trapped by German bomb damage in World War II. Dickin was the creator of the Dickin Medal program, Britain's highest honor for animals. Rip died in 1948 and is buried in a pet charity cemetery in east Lon-don. In 2009 the medal sold at auction in London on Friday for 24,250 pounds ($35,700).
    (AP, 4/24/09)

1946        Paul Falknor Iams (1915-2003), self-taught animal nutritionist, started Iams Food Co.
    (SFC, 11/3/04, p.B15)

1947        Aug 28, Legendary bullfighter Manolete was mortally wounded by a bull during a fight in Linares, Spain; he died the following day at age 30.
    (AP, 8/28/97)

1952        Mar 14, J. Fred Muggs, chimp on the Today show, was born.
    (MC, 3/14/02)

1954        The Plum Island Animal Disease Center opened off of New York’s Long Island. Congress voted to close it in 2009.
    (SFC, 8/27/13, p.A8)
1954        British Colonel Leofric Boyle began compiling information about endangered species. His card index system grew to become the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
    (Econ, 9/14/13, SR p.12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IUCN_Red_List)

1957        Mar 1, Kokomo the Chimp became the Today Show animal editor.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1957        Mar 23, US army sold its last homing pigeons.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1958        Apr 14, Sputnik 2 (with dog Laika) burned up in the atmosphere.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1958        May 18, Chairman Mao Tse Tung spoke at the Second Session of the Eight Party Congress and called for schoolchildren to assist in the elimination of the four pests, which included sparrows, rats, flies and mosquitoes. A massive 3-day campaign soon began to exterminate sparrows, which were thought harmful because they ate the peasant's grain. Numerous other birds were killed in the process and the following year a plague of locusts became a problem. In 2001 Judith Shapiro, Donald Worster and Alfred W. Crosby authored “Mao's War Against Nature: Politics & the Environment in Revolutionary China."
    (http://tinyurl.com/8gbhg)(Econ, 12/20/08, p.65)(http://tinyurl.com/7m9egc)

1959        May 28, Monkeys Able & Baker zoomed 300 mi (500 km) into space on Jupiter missile and became the 1st animals retrieved from a space mission.
    (MC, 5/28/02)

1959        Rex Burch (d.1996), microbiologist, and William Russell, a classics scholar, outlined how the use of animals in scientific research could be made more humane in their book: “The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique."
    (www.nal.usda.gov/awic/newsletters/v7n2/7n2burch.htm)(Econ, 5/9/09, p.84)

1959        The Usutu virus, a life threat to birds, was 1st observed in South African mosquitoes. By 2004 it had spread to Europe and ravaged the blackbird population.
    (SFC, 8/21/04, p.B10)

1960        Aug 19, Korabl-Sputnik-2 (Spaceship Satellite-2), also known as Sputnik 5, was launched. On board were the dogs Belka ( Squirrel) and Strelka (Little Arrow). Also on board were 40 mice, 2 rats and a variety of plants. After a day in orbit, the spacecraft's retrorocket was fired and the landing capsule and the dogs were safely recovered. They were the first living animals to survive orbital flight.
    (www.spacetoday.org/Astronauts/Animals/Dogs.html)

1960        Aug 23, World's largest frog (3.3 kg) was caught in Equatorial Guinea.
    (MC, 8/23/02)

1960        Gavin Maxwell authored “Ring of Bright Water," his classic tale of living with otters.
    (Economist, 9/1/12, p.81)

1961        Jan 31, Chimpanzee Ham landed safely and became the 1st primate in space after a 16 minute flight aboard a Mercury-Redstone 2 rocket.
    (AH, 2/06, p.14)

1961            Mar 9, Korabl-Sputnik-4, also known as Sputnik 9, was launched with a dog named Chernushka (Blackie) on a one orbit mission. Also onboard the spacecraft was a dummy cosmonaut, mice and a guinea pig.
    (www.spacetoday.org/Astronauts/Animals/Dogs.html)

1961        Aug 27, Francis the Talking Mule was the mystery guest on "What's My Line."
    (MC, 8/27/01)

1961        Guy Mountfort (d.2003) and 3 other Britons: zoologist Sir Julian Huxley, broadcaster Peter Scott and wildlife advocate Max Nicholson, founded the Swiss-based World Wildlife Fund (Worldwide Fund for Nature).
    (AP, 5/1/03)(Econ, 9/14/13, SR p.8)

1962        Mar 21, A female black bear was taken aboard a B-58 bomber out of Edwards Air Force Base in California, flown up to 35,000 feet at a supersonic speed of 850 miles per hour, and ejected from the bomber in a specially made capsule. She landed safely, and became the first living creature to survive a parachute jump from a plane flying faster than sound.
    (www.worldhop.com/Journals/J1/Bear1.html)

c1962    Macaque monkeys began bathing in the hot springs near Nagano.
    (SSFC, 8/11/02, p.C10)

1963        The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) was founded. It is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IUCN_Red_List)

1965        Jul 3, Trigger (25), the golden palomino horse of Roy Rogers, died. Trigger was mounted by Bishoff's Taxidermy of California and were on display for years at the Roy Rogers and Dale Evans Museum in Victorville, California. The original Trigger is currently on display at The Roy Rogers - Dale Evans Museum in Branson, Missouri. In 2010 Trigger, along with his saddle, took top dollar at an auction of memorabilia.
    (www.surfnetinc.com/chuck/hoss-rr.htm)(SFC, 7/7/98, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/2blll9t)

1965        A Navy dolphin named Tuffy carried tools and messages to Sealab II divers off the coast of La Jolla, Ca.
    (SFC, 4/11/03, p.D1)

1965        Martin Seligman, psychologist, conducted experiments with dogs subjected to electric shock and found that they “learned helplessness" when unable to escape shocks.
    (Econ, 3/31/07, p.63)

1966        Mar 10, Kelso, 5 time Horse of the Year, retired.
    (MC, 3/10/02)

1966        Jun, Allen and Beatrix Gardner of the Univ. of Nevada began teaching sign language to a 10-month-old female chimpanzee named Washoe (d.2007).
    (www.friendsofwashoe.org/timeline_project_begins.shtml)(SFC, 11/1/07, p.A2)

1966        Oct 15, US Congress passed the Endangered Species Preservation Act. It was expanded in 1973 as the Endangered Species Act. The Devils Hole Pupfish of Death Valley were among the first species protected. By 1972 only 124 remained. By 2007 only 42 were left. The count reached 75 in 2013.
    (www.fws.gov/endangered/1966listing.html)(Econ, 1/19/12, p.79)

1967        Peru and 3 other countries in South America banned trade in vicuna, a relative of the llama, after numbers had severely dwindled. A CITES ban followed in 1975.
    (Econ, 3/8/08, p.86)(www.rumbosonline.com/articles/4-46-vicuna.htm)

1969        American Museum of Natural History in NYC installed a 94-foot, 21,000-pound, synthetic Blue Whale. It was based on a female carcass found in the South Atlantic in 1925.
    (WSJ, 7/24/03, p.D10)

1969        Fish and wildlife officials in New York and Vermont banned fish shooting. In 1970 the Vermont Legislature re-instated the sport.
    (SFC, 5/11/04, p.A2)

1969-1971    Yellowstone Park officials attempted to force grizzly bears to return to a wild diet. 220 bears, unable to quit junk food, were shot and killed during this period.
    (Econ, 11/5/05, p.88)

1970        Mar 1, End of US commercial whale hunting.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1970        Mar 30, Secretariat, race horse, triple crown (1973), was born.
    (MC, 3/30/02)

1970        Dec 24, A US Animal Welfare Act was passed expanding the list of animals covered by the 1966 Animal Welfare Act. It included guidelines for the use and care of laboratory animals.
    (www.nal.usda.gov/awic/legislat/usdaleg1.htm)

1970        The US sent a 5-dolphin team to Vietnam to guard the Army munitions pier at Cam Ranh Bay. The dolphins were in Vietnam for 6 months and the pier remained safe. It was blown up after they left.
    (SFC, 4/11/03, p.D1)(SFC, 5/18/10, p.C3)

1970        Mister Ed the talking horse, star of the 1961 TV sitcom, died. By the time Mister Ed reached the age of 19 he was suffering from a broken leg and a variety of health problems, and was quietly put to death with no publicity. However, in an interview on Los Angeles station KECT's program "Life and Times", Alan Young stated that Mr. Ed died from an inadvertent tranquilizer administered while he was "in retirement" in a stable in Burbank, California.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mr._Ed)

1971        Nov 18, The US federal Airborne-Hunting Act prohibited shooting animals from planes without license.
    (WSJ, 12/9/03, p.A1)(www.fws.gov/laws/lawsdigest/AIRBORN.HTML)

1971        Dec 15, Pres. Nixon signed the Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burro Act. An  $18 million Wild Horse and Burro Program, headed by the Bureau of Land Management, was designed to find homes for wild horses. "Excess" animals were annually culled. The 10-17,000 wild horses grew to some 43,000 in 1998. In 2004 Conrad Burns, Republican Senator for Montana, introduced an amendment that removed protection for wild horses over age 10.
    (www.fs.fed.us/rangelands/ecology/wildhorseburro/whb_faqs.shtml)(WSJ, 8/25/98, p.A1)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.90)

1971        Jamaica began protecting crocodiles by law. By 2013 a growing taste for crocodile meat and even eggs had conservationists worried that the reptiles might be wiped from the wild altogether.
    (AP, 10/6/13)

1972        Apr 16, The Republic of China presented two Pandas to the US National Zoo: Hsing-Hsing and Ling-Ling. Ling-Ling died in 1992.
    (SFC, 4/16/97, p.C14)(HN, 4/16/98)

1972        Jul 10, Herd of stampeding elephants killed 24 in the Chandka Forest of India.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1972        Alison Jolly (1937-2014), American primatologist, authored “The Evolution of Primate Behaviour," based on her studies of lemurs in Madagascar.
    (Econ, 3/1/14, p.94)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alison_Jolly)

1973        Feb 26, Triple Crown horse Secretariat was bought for a record $5.7m.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1973        India began Project Tiger and established a network of tiger reserves. Under Indira Gandhi 9 national parks were set aside to protect tigers. 14 more were later added. By 2010 the tiger population dropped to 1,400 from 40,000 a century earlier.
    (SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A16)(NG, 12/97, p.13)(http://projecttiger.nic.in/introduction.htm)(Econ, 9/11/10, p.52)

1973        In Uganda some 14,300 elephants were in the Murchison Falls National Park at this time. By 1980 only 1,400 were left.
    (NG, May 1985, p.627)

1974        Dr. Charles Lieber at the VA Medical Center in the Bronx, NY, fed alcohol to baboons along with a nutritionally complete diet. He found that the animals developed every stage of human alcoholic liver disease.
    (SSFC, 8/23/09, p.K6)

1975        May 23, The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned the sale of turtles with shells that measured less than four inches in length. The turtles were identified as major carriers of salmonella bacterium and had been widely sold as pets for kids.
    (WSJ, 5/30/96, p.B1)(http://tiny.cc/IEWJ3)

1975        Jul 28, The US Dept of Interior designated the grizzly bear a threatened species in the lower 48 states under the US Endangered Species Act. Most of the bears in the lower US lived in and around Yellowstone National Park in Idaho, Montana and Wyoming.
    (http://fieldguide.mt.gov/detail_AMAJB01020.aspx)(Econ, 11/5/05, p.88)

1976        Malcolm Douglas (1941-2010), Australia's original TV crocodile hunter, shot to fame with the production of his first documentary, "Across The Top." He had trekked across Australia's harsh hinterland filming his encounters with poisonous snakes and ferocious reptiles.
    (AFP, 9/23/10)

1976        The UN Convention on Int’l. Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) imposed a ban on the trade of rhino horn. By the mid-1990s 90% of the world’s rhinos had disappeared.
    (Econ, 11/20/10, p.55)

1979        Sep 19, The Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats was signed. It became effective as of June 1, 1982.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.126)(http://tinyurl.com/yez66ct)

1979        Nov 22, Penny Patterson led Koko the gorilla from Stanford to a new home at the Gorilla Foundation in Woodside.
    (SFC, 11/19/04, p.F2)

1980        Jun 2, The California State Senate voted 30-0 to pass a bill prohibiting the destruction of any pet through instructions left in an owner’s will.
    (SFC, 5/27/05, p.F5)
1980        Jun 2, The California State Fish and Game Commission approved a captive-breeding plan to save the vanishing California condor from extinction.
    (SFC, 5/27/05, p.F5)

1980        Jul 10, Nepo (14), a killer whale, was found dead in his Redwood City Marine World show tank.
    (SFC, 7/8/05, p.F2)

1981        In Wyoming a rancher found a solitary enclave of the black-footed ferret. The prairie-dg-eating member of the weasel family had been thought to be extinct. Plans in 2013 called for boosting the ferret count to 3,000 across its 12-state historic range.
    (SFC, 12/24/13, p.A4)

1982        May 3, Sinbad the Sailor, the star horse of Ronald Reagan’s “Death Valley Days" TV series, died when he was struck by lightning at Kanab, Utah.
    (SSFC, 5/3/09, p.C12)

1982        Jul 23, The Intl. Whaling Commission (IWC) voted for a total ban on commercial whaling starting in 1985.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whaling)

1982        Sep 9, Robert Thibadeau at CMU-10A: Pittsburgh Zoo Options: The zoo is a worthwhile place to visit, but in my three years in Pittsburgh I have watched it deteriorate for lack of funds. Fortunately they have this wonderful 'adopt an animal' program. The adoption can be a day or month. Orangutanns (sic) eat light at $.75 a day or $22.50 a month, and for $15 a day or $450 a month you get yourself an entire elephant. Double that and you can probably have his name changed to Clyde. Triple it and I bet they will let you dye him pink. Visitation rights come with any adoption. The flyer is on my office door -- 5321.
    (http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~sef/Orig-Smiley.htm)

1982        In Oman efforts to breed captive oryx and release them back into the Arabian Peninsula, the only place this species is found, began, a decade after the last one was apparently shot in the wild. By 2011 about 1,000 of the wild Arabian or White Oryx thrived owing to nearly three decades of successful breeding.
    (AP, 6/16/11)

1983        Jul 25, 1st nonhuman primate, a baboon, was conceived in a lab dish in San Antonio.
    (SC, 7/25/02)

1983        Zoo officials in Kazakhstan reportedly claimed that a teenage elephant named Batyr could reproduce Russian to utter 20 phrases, including "Batyr is good." But there was no scientific study on the claim.
    (AP, 11/2/12)

1987        Apr 19, The last free-flying condor in California, a 19-pound, 7-year-old male, was captured. He was released in 2002.
    (SFC, 3/3/00, p.A21)(SFC, 5/2/02, p.A6)

1988        Apr 29, Molloko, the 1st California condor chick conceived in captivity, was born in the San Diego Zoo.
    (www.highbeam.com/library/docFree.asp?DOCID=1G1:6703253)

1988        Jun 6, In NYC 2 large snapping turtles were found in a Bronx sewage plant.
    (http://ebeltz.net/column/chs/1988colu.html)

1988        Belgium passed a law that forbade the ritual execution of animals at home.
    (WSJ, 1/4/07, p.A1)

1989        Sep 18, California’s Gov. Deukmejian signed into law a bill making it illegal to eat household pets.
    (SSFC, 9/14/14, DB p.42)

1989        Nedim Buyukmihci, animal rights leader, founded the nonprofit Animal Place sanctuary in Vacaville, Ca.
    (SFCM, 8/24/03, p.8)
1989        Kenya burned a vast pile of elephant tusks in Nairobi National Park in an effort to curb the killing of elephants.
    (Econ, 2/8/14, p.60)
1989        The UN Convention on Int’l. Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) imposed a total ban on the trade of ivory and elephant hide. In 2007 the ban was extended for another 9 years.
    (WSJ, 1/7/97, p.A1)(SFC, 6/20/97, p.A20)(SFC, 4/18/00, p.A9)(Econ, 3/8/08, p.85)

1990        Apr 10, H.J. Heinz said it would not sell tuna caught in nets that also trap dolphins.
    (http://tinyurl.com/kj7mq)

1990s    A movement began to establish the Australian bilby, an long-eared, endangered marsupial of the bandicoot family, as a symbol for an Australian Easter.
    (WSJ, 3/25/05, p.A1)

1991        Marlington, West Virginia, held its first roadkill festival as a joke. The festival received a boost in 1998 when the state passed a law making the gathering of roadkill legal.
    (Econ, 10/5/13, p.34)
1991        Britain banned the ownership of pit bull terriers following a spate of attacks by the dangerous dogs.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)
1991        The Canary Islands banned bullfighting.
    (SFC, 3/6/10, p.A2)

1992        May 21, The EU adopted the Habitats Directive, more formally known as Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.126)(http://tinyurl.com/c27o68l)

1992        Mark Whitacre blew the whistle on a global conspiracy to fix the price of lysine, an animal feed additive. His story inspired the film “The Informant" (2009).
    (Econ, 3/29/14, p.67)

1993        Norway resumed the hunting of minke whales after a six-year self-imposed moratorium.
    (SFC, 5/9/98, p.A7)

1994        Prof. Melvin Bradley (d.2203 at 83) authored his 2-volume "The Missouri Mule: His Origin and Times."
    (SFC, 1/21/02, p.A16)

1994        Mexico declared black bears a protected species. They were hunted out of about 80% of their original habitat in Mexico in the last half of the 20th century.
    (AP, 10/19/12)

1995        Carol Buckley and Scott Blais founded the Elephant Sanctuary on a 800-acre farm in Hohenwald, Tenn.
    (SSFC, 2/24/02, Par p.14)
1995        Prof. Marc. Hauser, Harvard psychologist, claimed that cotton-top tamarins can recognize themselves in mirrors. His results were questioned and in 2001 Hauser published another paper admitting failure to replicate earlier findings. His work on the cognitive abilities of monkeys were again questioned in 2007.
    (Econ, 8/28/10, p.69)
1995        William Oliver (1947- 2014), English champion of wild pigs, managed to get the government of India and Assam state to agree to protect the endangered pigmy hogs.
    (Econ, 9/27/14, p.94)

1996        Mar 10, Birdwatchers noted the "act of raptor love" between two red-tailed hawks on the Hotel Carlyle at 2:30 p.m. in New York City. It lasted a full five seconds.
    (WSJ, 4/17/96, p.A-18)

1996        Apr 13, The annual Canadian seal hunt in Newfoundland went out of control and some 16,500 seals were slaughtered instead of the 8,000 quota.
    (SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-15)

1996        Jul 4, Koko, the first gorilla to use sign language, turned 25 and asked for a box of scary, rubber snakes and lizards. Koko was the offspring of Jackie, who was donated to the SF Zoo by benefactor Carroll Soo-Hoo (d.1998 at 84).
    (SFC, 7/4/96, p.A24)(SFC, 7/3/98, p.D6)

1996        Aug 16, In Brookfield, Ill., a 3-year-old boy fell 15-feet into a concrete area of a zoo’s gorilla exhibit and was rescued by Binti-jua, a 7-year-old gorilla with her own 2-year-old on her back.
    (SFC, 8/17/96, p.A3)(MC, 8/16/02)

1996        Aug 21, In Australia rescuers worked to save some 200 pilot whales on the southwestern coast near Dunsborough. Most were herded to sea but 14 died.
    (SFC, 8/22/96, p.E3)

1996        Sep 1, In India wolves were reported to have killed 33 children in the area of Banbirpur in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Some reports had it that at least some of the killings were by dis-guised human beings.
    (SFC, 9/1/96, p.A16)

1996        Frans de Waal authored "The Origins of Right and Wrong in Humans and other Animals."
    (MT, Fall 02, p.33)

1997        Mar 1, At Spring Lake near Santa Rosa, Ca., Paul Duclos caught a 24-pound large-mouth bass, photographed it, weighed it and released it. The official record was a 22-pound, 4-ounce bass caught in Montgomery Lake, Ga. To be official the fish has to be killed, properly weighed and certified by the Int’l. Gamefish Assoc.
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, p.C3)

1997        Apr 28, It was reported that a type of Mad Cow Disease was killing deer and elk in the Fort Collins region of Colorado and Wyoming. The "spongiform encephalopathies" riddled the brain with holes and it was wondered if the disease might be transmitted to humans as the fatal Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease.
    (SFC, 4/28/97, p.A5)

1997        A North American ban on cattle feed that included bovine brain and spinal tissue went into effect to prevent the spread of mad cow disease, bovine spongiform encephalopathy.
    (SFC, 12/30/03, p.A1)

1997        May 10, It was reported that Iceland would resume whaling. Whaling had stopped there in 1989.
    (SFC, 5/10/97, p.A8)

1997        May 17, From Gabon it was reported that controlled logging in the tropical forests has led to savage territorial wars among the native chimpanzees. The population was estimated to have dropped from 50,000 to 30,000.
    (SFC, 5/17/97, p.A4)

1997        May 31, It was reported that more than 60 monk seals were killed from eating fish that had ingested a toxic algae off of Mauritania’s Atlantic coast. It was estimated that only some 350 of the monk seals were left worldwide.
    (SFC, 5/31/97, p.A17)

1998        Feb 7, It was reported that over 1200 Hooker’s sea lion pups had died in the sub-Antarctic islands south of New Zealand from an unknown disease.
    (SFC, 2/7/98, p.A5)

1998        Mar 30, In eastern Arizona nearly a dozen Mexican gray wolves were released into the White Mountains after an absence of 30 years.
    (SFC, 3/31/98, p.A3)

1998        Aug 3, In Austria Hermann Nitsch (b.1938) ignored animal rights protestors and began a 6-day festival during which he planned to kill pigs and bulls and paint pictures with their blood. This was his 100th such performance (named the 6-Day Play after its length) and it took place at his castle, Schloss Prinzendorf.
    (SFC, 8/4/98, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermann_Nitsch)

1998        Aug 15, In Britain it was reported that 6,000 mink from a fur farm in Ringworm had been released by animal rights activists. The released mink caused a wildlife disaster as they preyed on all wildlife.
    (SFC, 8/15/98, p.A5)

1998         Aug 29, A England new type of mosquito was reported to be breeding in the under-ground Tube with a taste for the rats and mice that lived there.
    (SFC, 8/28/98, p.A5)

1998        Sep 10, Keiko the killer whale, star of the 1993 "Free Willy" movie, was returned to Ice-land, where he was captured in 1979 at age 2. Much of his early life was spent at a Mexico City amusement park.
    (SFC, 9/11/98, p.A10)(SFC, 10/17/03, p.D1)

1998        In France Eric Baratay and Elisabeth Hardouin-Fugier authored "Zoo: A History of Zoo-logical Gardens in the West." An English translation by Oliver Welsh was published in 2002.
    (SSFC, 8/4/02, p.M6)

1999        May 17, In Neah Bay, Washington state, Makah Indian hunters legally harpooned their first gray whale in 70-75 years.
    (SFC, 5/18/99, p.A3)(AP, 5/17/00)

1999        May 19, Researchers reported that pollen from corn infused with genes from the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is toxic to monarch butterfly larvae when sprinkled on milkweed, a natural food source for the caterpillars. The genetically manipulated corn comprised about 20% of the US crop.
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.A1,15)

1999        Aug 20, The Peregrine falcon was removed from the list of endangered species.
    (SFC, 8/20/99, p.A2)

1999        Aug 25, It was reported that Mickey Rooney had joined animal rights activists to support legislation to outlaw "crush" videos, which depict small animals being killed by scantily clad women.
    (SFC, 8/25/99, p.C5)

1999        Barbara Smuts authored "Sex and Friendship in Baboons."
    (MT, Fall 02, p.12)

1999-2001    Gambian rats first began showing up on Grassy Key after a local exotic animal breeder released eight of the rats into the wild. The rodents, officially known as the Gambian pouched rat, are the largest known breed of rats in the world. They can grow up to three feet in length and weigh as much as nine pounds.
    (http://tinyurl.com/c9rn3q6)

2000        Feb, Rescue Bear 0001 arrived at the Animals Asia Foundation in Chengdu, China. He was named Andrew by the Hong Kong philanthropist who donated $1 million to create the animal sanctuary. Andrew (15) died in 2006 from a liver cancer likely related to years of being tapped for bile fluid.
    (SFC, 2/16/06, p.A14)

2000        Jul 15, From China it was reported that an attack force of 700,000 ducks and chickens, trained to hunt and eat insects at the sound of a whistle, were placed in the locust-plagued fields of Xinjiang province.
    (SFC, 7/15/00, p.A24)

2000        Jul 24, In Minneapolis, Minn., 80 people were arrested as demonstrators protested against a meeting of the Int’l. Society for Animal Genetics.
    (SFC, 7/25/00, p.A4)

2000-2010    More than 54,000 wild birds, including critically endangered species, were laundered through the Solomon islands into the global wildlife trade during this period. In 2012 TRAFFIC, a wildlife group, said Singapore and Malaysia accounted for 93 percent of all birds imported from Solomon Islands.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)

2001        Mar 6, The EU ordered all livestock markets closed for 2 weeks to contain foot-and-mouth disease.
    (SFC, 3/7/01, p.A10)

2001        Mar 21, In Vermont a flock of 234 sheep were seized by federal agents over fears of infection with a version of mad cow disease. The sheep had originated in Belgium in 1996.
    (SFC, 3/22/01, p.A3)

2001        Apr 28, It was reported that researchers at the Univ. of Pennsylvania had used gene therapy to reverse a form of congenital blindness in dogs.
    (SFC, 4/28/01, p.A3)

2001        Aug 14, In India it was reported that 15 wild elephants had died in Nameri National Park in Assam state from an unknown disease.
    (SFC, 8/15/01, p.A7)

2001        Sep 1, Scientists gathered in the French Alps to discuss a medicine called ivermectine given to livestock to protect them from parasites. Dung from the animals was toxic and virtually indestructible and threatened the survival of insects, birds and bats.
    (SSFC, 9/2/01, p.A20)

2001        Laura Hillenbrand authored her best selling book “Seabiscuit," the story of the champion race horse (1933-1947).
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.94)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seabiscuit)
2001        Rome declared the ruins of the Torre Argentina Cat Sanctuary to be a cultural heritage.
    (SFC, 11/15/02, p.J1)

2002        Mar 6, It was reported that new regulations (Kuschelregel, the cuddle rule) required German pig farmers to spend at least 20 seconds each day looking at each pig.
    (WSJ, 3/6/02, p.A1)

2002        May 11, It was reported that a dead orca whale found off the Washington state coast contained toxic PCBs so high that test equipment needed to be recalibrated. Levels were measured at 1,000 parts-per-million.
    (SFC, 5/11/02, p.A5)

2002        Sep 24-25, In the Canary Islands over a dozen beaked whales beached themselves following NATO exercises that involved a cluster of warships and submarines. 9 of the whales washed ashore dead and showed lesions in the brain and hearing system, consistent with acoustic impact.
    (SFC, 9/26/02, p.A20)(SFC, 10/7/02, p.A6)

2002        Sep 7, In Portugal the town of Reguengos de Monsaraz openly flouted a new bullfighting law, killing a bull in the ring without government permission, and selling the beef for human consumption afterward. The matador and the festival organizers will be arraigned in the first le-gal test of the new anti-bullfighting law. Killing in the bullring had been banned since 1928. However, Parliament voted in July to allow bulls to be put to death, but only in cities and towns that have carried on the bullfighting tradition for 50 years or more.
    (AP, 9/8/02)

2002        Sep 14, In Ivory Coast’s Azagny National Park there are only 39,000 western chimpanzees left of an original 600,000. The western chimpanzee, one of four subspecies of the common chimpanzee, is already extinct in the wild in Benin, Gambia and Togo. It is almost extinct in Senegal, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Guinea Bissau and Ghana.
    (AP, 9/14/02)

2002        Sep, At least a dozen beaked whales beached themselves following NATO exercises that involved a cluster of warships and submarines. 8 of the whales died.
    (SFC, 9/26/02, p.A20)

2002        Oct 24, It was reported that over 8,000 backyard poultry had been killed in southern California to stop the spread of Exotic Newcastle disease. The deadly avian infection last sur-faced in California the 1970s when some 12 million birds were destroyed. The number of chickens killed reached 100,000.
    (SFC, 10/24/02, p.G2)(SFC, 10/26/02, p.A3)(SFC, 12/28/02, p.A3)

2002        Oct 28, It was reported that 200 farms in China tap 7,000 live, caged bears for their bile in an excruciating process. Owners slice into the bears to milk bile from their gall bladder with a tube. Bear bile is viewed as a panacea in traditional Chinese medicine. Many bears do not sur-vive the initial operation and few live longer than 10 years, less than half the average life expectancy.
    (Reuters, 10/28/02)

2002        Oct, Pat Derby opened the Ark 2002 elephant sanctuary in San Andreas, Ca.
    (SFC, 6/21/04, p.A8)

2002        Nov 13, A U.N. body voted to restrict the international trade of bigleaf mahogany, sea horses and 26 species of sea turtles, but failed to pass legislation to protect two species of threatened sharks.
    (AP, 11/14/02)

2002        Nov 20, Louisiana began offering a $4-a-tail bounty on the swamp-dwelling nutria rodent, due to wetlands damage from devoured plants.
    (SFC, 11/20/02, p.A2)

2002        Dec 1, The US federal Bureau of Land Management (BLM) began rounding up over 2,650 wild horses in Nevada to prevent starving and rangeland destruction.
    (SFC, 11/29/02, p.J7)

2002        Matthew Scully authored "Dominion: The Power of Man, the suffering of Animals, and the Call to Mercy," in which he pleaded for the humane treatment of animals.
    (WSJ, 10/30/02, p.D8)
2002        The snakehead fish was first seen in Maryland, after an 18-inch adult was caught in a local pond. The powerful fish has no natural predators in the region and is also a determined survivalist, surviving for up to four days on land. It has since migrated to the nearby Potomac River and its tributaries. In 2012 the Maryland Department of Natural Resources Inland Fisheries (DNR) offered $200 gift cards through Bass Pro Shops to residents who capture and kill a snakehead.
    (www.dnr.state.md.us/dnrnews/infocus/snakehead.asp)
2002        Oklahoma banned cockfighting following a referendum. In 2005 state senator Frank Shurden proposed gamecock boxing with cocks wearing foam-filled muffs and protective vests.
    (Econ, 2/5/05, p.27)
2002        The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration found 64,700 pounds of shark fins on a single Honolulu-bound vessel they boarded southwest of Mexico. Federal agents estimated that they were taken from 28,000 sharks, most of them blue.
    (CW, Winter 04, p.14)

2003        Jan 15, The EU Parliament voted to ban the use of animals to test cosmetics by 2009. Imports of cosmetics using animal testing would also be banned.
    (WSJ, 1/16/03, p.A1)

2003        Mar 12, It was reported that the Congo Ebola outbreak was decimating the gorilla population with up to 800 lost at the Lossi sanctuary.
    (WSJ, 3/12/03, p.A1)

2003          Feb 22, In Rome, Italy, some 2,000 cat lovers marched in the city’s 1st Cat Pride march and demanded protection for the many, local stray cats.
    (SSFC, 2/23/03, A2)

2003          Feb 23, In Malawi a lion, who escaped from Kasungu National Park and attacked and killed about 7 people, was shot and killed by game hunters.
    (AP, 2/24/03)

2003        Mar 12, It was reported that the Congo Ebola outbreak was decimating the gorilla population with up to 800 lost at the Lossi sanctuary. The ape population of west equatorial Africa had fallen 50% since 1983 due to hunting and Ebola.
    (WSJ, 3/12/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/7/03, p.A1)

2003        Mar 25, The US Navy brought in 2 specially trained bottle-nosed Atlantic dolphins to help ferret out mines in the approaches of the port of Umm Qasr.
    (AP, 3/26/03)

2003        Apr 1, A cloned Javan bantang was born by a beef cow in Iowa. Only 3-5,000 cattle-like bantengs remained worldwide.
    (SFC, 4/8/03, p.A3)

2003        Apr 9, A large shipment of African rodents, including Gambian rats, dormice and sun squirrels, arrived in Dallas aboard a commercial flight from Ghana. An "unusually large number of sick and dead animals." Some of the larger animals had consumed the smaller ones. African rodents imported as pets caused a monkeypox outbreak in the Midwest that sickened dozens of adults and children with a virus related to smallpox.
    (AP, 11/29/06)

2003        Apr 17, The prairie dog population stood at 10-15 million over some 1.5 million acres. A century ago they numbered in the billions over some 100 million acres.
    (WSJ, 4/17/03, p.A1)

2003        Apr 18, In the Florida Keys at least 28 pilot whales stranded themselves and 5 were re-ported dead.
    (SFC, 4/19/03, p.A4)

2003        Apr 29, California biologists reported that some 92 southern sea otters had died since the beginning of the year between Point Conception and Half Moon Bay. A cat parasite, Toxo-plasma gondii, was cited as one factor weakening the animals.
    (SFC, 4/30/03, A1)(SFC, 5/7/03, p.A1)

2003        May 3, It was reported that British researchers had shown that fish feel pain.
    (SFC, 5/3/03, p.B8)

2003        May 28, Prometea, the world's 1st cloned horse, was born in Cremona, Italy.
    (SFC, 8/7/03, p.A2)

2003        Jun 25, An Australian military spokesman said the army will kill as many as 15,000 kangaroos to keep a southeastern army base from being overgrazed.
    (AP, 6/25/03)

2003        Jul 7, It was reported that the night crawler, Lumbricus terristris, was not native to northern American forests and that its introduction was causing problems on the forest floor.
    (WSJ, 7/8/03, p.A1)

2003        Sep 2, Two South China tigers, the first ever to leave the country, arrived in South Africa as part of a project to save the endangered species.
    (AP, 9/3/03)

2003        Oct 17, A new family of frogs was reported from the western India. The purple, burrowing frog family, named Nasikabatrachus sahydrensis, appeared to date back some 200 million years.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.A10)

2003        Nov 7, Prof. Donald Griffin (88) of Harvard, leading proponent of animal consciousness, died. "There is now abundant evidence of non-human cognition and consciousness."
    (WSJ, 11/28/03, p.B1)

2003        Dec 11, Scientists reported on a partial list of genes that make people human based on comparisons with the chimpanzee genome.
    (AP, 12/12/03)

2003        Dec 12, Keiko the killer whale (27), whose early life inspired the film "Free Willy," died in Norway of apparent pneumonia.
    (SFC, 12/13/03, p.A1)

2003        Dec 16, Taiwan's lawmakers banned the selling of dog meat and introduced heavy fines for killing pets for food or fur.
    (AP, 12/18/03)

2003        Dec 23, A cow, slaughtered in Washington state on Dec 9, was reported to have tested positive for mad cow disease, the 1st such US case. The $2.6 billion beef export industry was hit as 7 nations quickly suspended imports of US beef: Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Taiwan and Australia. The infected Holstein was imported into the United States from Canada about two years ago. A US beef recall soon spread to 8 states and Guam.
    (AP, 12/24/03)(SFC, 12/24/03, p.A1)(AP, 12/27/03)(SFC, 12/29/03, p.A1)

2003        Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson authored "The Pig Who Sang to the Moon: The Emotional World of Farm Animals."
    (SSFC, 11/30/03, p.M3)

2003        Sharman Apt Russell authored "An Obsession with Butterflies."
    (WSJ, 6/20/03, p.W10)

2003        Alaska resumed limited aerial wolf hunting. In 1996 and 2000 Alaska voters turned down proposals to resume aerial predation control.
    (Econ, 3/26/05, p.36)

2003        Some 3,951 bears were killed by hunters in Maine. 92% of them were bagged by the use of bait or dogs.
    (WSJ, 10/28/04, p.A1)

2004        Jan 8, A mountain lion was shot and killed following 2 attacks on people. Mark Jeffrey Reynolds (35) was found dead and partly eaten near his bike in the Whiting Ranch Wilderness in Orange County, Ca.
    (SSFC, 1/11/04, p.A23)

2004        Mar 18, Jahari, a 13-year-old lowland gorilla, broke out of the Dallas Zoo and was shot to death after snatching up a toddler with his teeth and attacking 3 people.
    (SFC, 3/20/04, p.A2)

2004        Apr 15, It was reported that over 20 sea otters have turned up dead or sick at Morro Bay over the last week. Scientists suspected a natural marine toxin. 62 otters died by the end of the month and the opossum parasite Sarcocystis neurona was later found to be responsible.
    (SFC, 4/15/04, p.A1)(SFC, 5/21/04, p.B10)

2004        Apr 28, The Dian Fossey fund reported that the lowland gorilla population in eastern Congo has dropped over 70% since 1994 due to human warfare.
    (WSJ, 4/29/04, p.A1)

2004        May 11, In West Virginia it was reported that some 2,000 bats and 200 birds were likely killed by whirling blades at a Tucker County wind farm.
    (USAT, 5/11/04, p.10A)

2004        May 18, Kubi, SF Zoo’s 29-year-old gorilla, died, 11 days following his May 7 surgery to remove a diseased lung.
    (SFC, 5/19/04, p.A1)

2004        May 20, Detroit Zoo officials said they will stop exhibiting elephants on ethical grounds because elephants can develop arthritis and stress-related ailments in captivity.
    (Reuters, 5/20/04)

2004        Jun 10, German researchers reported that a border collie named Rico understands more than 200 words and can learn new ones as quickly as many children.
    (AP, 6/10/04)

2004        Jun, In Georgia Chris Griffin reportedly killed a 1,000-pound hog with 9-inch tusks at the River Oak Plantation. Only a photo portrayed the “Hogzilla" kill. In 2005 experts from National Geographic confirmed the kill but reduced the size to about 800 pounds.
    (AP, 7/29/04)(SFC, 3/22/05, p.A2)

2004        Jul 16, Peru’s National Agrarian Research Institute launched a new super-cuy (guinea pig), weighing up to 10 pounds, to help improve the Peruvian diet.
    (Econ, 7/17/04, p.37)

2004        Jul, In Tanzania over 10,000 flamingos died at the Lake Manyara National Park. Officials were puzzled and no other wildlife appeared affected.
    (SFC, 7/24/04, p.B10)

2004        Aug 9, Officials in South Africa prepared to kill some 30,000 ostriches following the deaths of over 1,500 due to avian influenza.
    (SFC, 8/10/04, p.A3)

2004        Aug 12, I was reported that a huge ant colony measuring 100 kilometers (62 miles) across had been found under the southern Australian city of Melbourne. The ants were a mutant variety of Argentine ants.
    (AP, 8/12/04)
2004        Aug 12, Laboratory monkeys that started out as careless procrastinators became super-efficient workers after injections into their brains that suppressed a gene linked to their ability to anticipate a reward.
    (LAT, 8/12/04)

2004        Aug 21, A Chinese official said a lethal strain of avian influenza had been found among pigs at several farms.
    (SFC, 8/21/04, p.A9)

2004        Aug 23, Researchers presented results on genetically engineered mice capable of running farther and longer than those bred naturally.
    (SFC, 8/24/04, p.A2)

2004        Sep 8, It was reported that some 60 hippos had died of unknown causes over the last 2 months in Uganda’s Queen Elizabeth National Park.
    (SFC, 9/8/04, p.A6)

2004        Sep 28, Kenya said it will push for an international ban on trade in lion trophies and skins, expressing concern that the African lion is "under threat."
    (AP, 9/28/04)

2004        Jan 1, In Norway a new law went into effect to allow foreign hunters to hunt seals. The legislation raised the seal kill quota to 2,000.
    (SFC, 11/27/04, p.A10)

2004        Nov 28, On southern Australia’s King Island about 80 whales and dolphins died after beaching, and about 50 more were still at risk.
    (AP, 11/29/04)

2004        Dec 7, In Illinois after Babs the gorilla died at age 30, keepers at Brookfield Zoo, decided to allow surviving gorillas to mourn the most influential female in their social family. One by one, the gorillas filed into the Tropic World building where Babs' body lay, arms outstretched. Curator Melinda Pruett Jones called it a "gorilla wake."
    (AP, 12/8/04)

2004        Dec 22, A Texas woman paid $50,000 for a cloned cat, Little Nicky, created by Genetic Savings and Clone of Sausalito, Ca.
    (SFC, 12/23/04, p.A1)

2004        Stanley Corem authored “How Dogs Think: Understanding the Canine Mind."
    (NH, 2/05, p.48)

2004        Mark Derr authored “A Dog’s History of America."
    (SSFC, 10/3/04, p.M3)

2004        M.R. Montgomery authored “A Cow’s Life: The Surprising History of Cattle and How the Black Angus Came to Be Home on the Range."
    (NH, 2/05, p.52)

2004        Mark Obmascik authored "The Big Year: A Tale of Man, Nature and Fowl Obsession." It was about a 1998 competition to see as many birds as possible in one year.
    (SSFC, 3/28/04, p.M1)

2004        John Jeremiah Sullivan authored “Blood Horses: Notes of a Sportswriter’s Son," an eloquent tour of the history of men and horses.
    (Econ, 6/19/04, p.80)

2005        Feb, Vietnam signed an agreement with the World Society for the Protection of Animals to phase out its bear bile farms, where an estimated 3,000 bears were held for their bile. In China an estimated 7,000 caged bears were milked for their bile.
    (SFC, 4/25/05, p.A8)

2005        Mar 10, It was reported that a Texas ranch has implemented a computer-assisted remote hunting website allowing paying hunters to bag big game from their home computers.
    (SFC, 3/10/05, p.A1)

2005        Mar 14, Experts said poachers are killing between 6,000 and 12,000 elephants a year to supply illegal ivory markets in Sudan to meet growing Chinese demand. Most of the elephants are killed in southern Sudan, Congo and the Central African Republic, with some ivory also coming from Kenya and Chad.
    (AP, 3/14/05)

2005        Apr 11, Some 12,000 Wisconsin citizens took part in an advisory poll on shooting free-roaming domestic cats. 57% voted to allow shooting them. An advisory committee dropped the issue May 13 following an outcry from animal rights groups.
    (Econ, 4/16/05, p.27)(SFC, 5/14/05, p.A2)

2005        Apr 26, In Australia, a state official said thousands of wild camels will be shot in the Out-back from helicopters in an effort to reduce their numbers.
    (AP, 4/26/05)

2005        May 1, Thai fishermen netted a 646-pound Mekong giant catfish believed to have been the world's largest freshwater fish ever caught in Thailand.
    (AP, 6/30/05)

2005        May 6, An Indian federal probe into disappearing tigers in a state-protected reserve has found the entire population of big cats has been wiped out by poachers. "The special investigation team in its preliminary assessment report has indicated that there was no evidence to prove the presence of tigers in Sariska (national park)."
    (AP, 5/6/05)

2005        May 11, The Wildlife Conservation Society announced that the Laotian rock rat, also called khanyou, belonged to a new species with the formal name Laonastes aenigmamus.
    (SFC, 5/12/05, p.A2)

2005        May, US airlines were required to begin disclosing the death of dogs being shipped as cargo. By mid 2010 122 dog deaths were reported.
    (SFC, 7/17/10, p.A4)

2005        Jul 15, It was reported that an estimated 100,000 gamecock breeders operated in the US, where cockfights were only legal in Louisiana and New Mexico. Breeders prepared the birds with injections of testosterone and methamphetamines.
    (WSJ, 7/15/05, p.A1)

2005        Oct, Wildlife researchers with the South Florida Natural Resources Center found a dead, headless python after it apparently tried to digest a 6-foot-long (2-meter-long) American alligator. The mostly intact dead gator was found sticking out of a hole in the midsection of the python, and wads of gator skin were found in the snake's gastrointestinal tract.
    (http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/10/1006_051006_pythoneatsgator.html)

2005        Richard Adams authored “The Philosopher Fish: Sturgeon, Caviar, and the Geography of Desire."
    (Econ, 2/26/05, p.85)

2005        Vilmos Csanyi authored “If Dogs Could Talk: Exploring the Canine Mind."
    (NH, 2/05, p.48)

2006        Dec 5, Knut became the first polar bear born to be born in Germany’s Berlin Zoo in 30 years. He was rejected by his mother and spent his first 44 days in an incubator. Zookeeper Thomas Doerflein (d.2008 at 44) raised the cub by hand.
    (www.spiegel.de/international/0,1518,461624,00.html)(SFC, 9/26/08, p.B9)

2006        William J and Winifred A. Krause authored “The Opossum: Its Amazing Story."
    (http://web.missouri.edu/~krausew/Histology/Home_files/opossum.pdf)

2006        Biologist Bill Erickson of the US Environmental Protection Agency wrote a memo de-scribing hundreds of documented wildlife deaths due to poisoning from pesticides aimed at rats. Later studies indicated that new generations of rat poisons were killing a large variety of wild animals including mountain lions, foxes, eagles, owls and vultures.
    (SFC, 12/17/10, p.A23)

2007        Mar 6, In western India wildlife officials said poachers had killed three highly endangered Asiatic lions in their only remaining sanctuary, removing their claws and bones and raising fears for the future of these rare cats.
    (AP, 3/6/07)

2007        Mar 24, Thieves in Cambodia poisoned a 62-year-old domesticated elephant and sawed off its tusks to sell on the black market. In 2008 2 men were arrested for the killing and faced up to 3 years in prison for the intentional destruction of private property.
    (AP, 3/27/07)(AP, 3/26/08)

2007        May 7, Hong Kong newspapers reported that an unidentified animal illness has spread in two southern Chinese cities, infecting at least 1,300 pigs and killing more than 300. The diseased pigs began dying in Gaoyao and Yunfu in Guangdong province following Chinese New Year celebrations in February. The illness was soon identified as a strain of blue ear disease. Blue ear disease, also called porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, was first identified in the United States in 1987. The disease this year killed an estimated 45 million pigs in China.
    (AP, 5/8/07)(SFC, 5/8/07, p.A17)(AP, 5/10/07)(Econ, 12/20/14, p.68)

2007        Jun 23, Authorities said an outbreak of distemper has been killing seal pups off the coast of Denmark, warning that thousands of seals could die if the disease spreads to other northern European countries.
    (AP, 6/23/07)

2007        Aug 20, In China Jia Youling, chief veterinary officer, said that the Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS), aka as blue-ear pig disease, head been brought under control. He said 257,000 pigs in 26 provinces had been infected. 68,000 had died from the dis-ease and 175,000 were destroyed.
    (Econ, 8/25/07, p.41)

2007        Oct 9, In Puerto Rico animal control workers seized dozens of dogs and cats from housing projects in the town of Barceloneta and hurled them to their deaths from a bridge in the neighboring town of Vega Baja. Mayor Sol Luis Fontanez blamed a contractor hired to take the animals to a shelter. In 2008 a Puerto Rican judge found a contractor and two of his workers not guilty of animal cruelty due to lack of evidence. International anger led more than 50,000 people worldwide to sign a petition threatening to boycott travel to the Caribbean island. Tour-ism officials estimated Puerto Rico lost more than $15 million as a result.
    (AP, 10/13/07)(AP, 9/10/08)(AP, 9/16/10)

2007        Oct 30, Washoe the chimp (42), who had learned American sign Language, died at Central Washington Univ. in Ellensburg, Wa. Cognitive researchers had adopted the 10-month-old chimp from military researchers in 1966.
    (SFC, 11/1/07, p.A2)

2007        Nov 11, Animal rights activists attacked as inhumane an Australian state government's plans to shoot more than 10,000 wild horses to protect the environment.
    (AP, 11/11/07)

2007        Dec 25, A Siberian tiger named Tatiana (4) escaped its enclosure at the San Francisco Zoo, killing Carlos Sousa (17) of San Jose and mauling two others. The same animal had chewed a keeper’s arm during an attack last December.
    (AP, 12/26/07)(SFC, 12/26/07, p.A1)(SFC, 12/27/07, p.A1)

2007        Dec 29, Nonja (55), a Sumatran orangutan, was found dead at the Miami Metro Zoo. She had lived in Miami since 1983 and was believed to be the world’s oldest orangutan.
    (AP, 12/30/07)   

2008        Jan 3, Sir David Attenborough told the Independent that between a third and half of the world's 6,000 amphibian species could be wiped out in the next few decades by a species chytrid fungus.
    (http://tinyurl.com/38tyec)(SFC, 1/5/08, p.B6)

2008        Jan 30, It was reported that bats were dying off by the thousands as they hibernated in caves and mines around New York and Vermont, sending researchers scrambling to find the cause of mysterious condition dubbed "white nose syndrome." Up to 11,000 bats were found dead last winter and many more were showing signs of illness this winter.
    (AP, 1/30/08)

2008        Mar 23, It was reported that 1,195 migrating bison had been culled in Montana after leaving Yellowstone in search of food. The culling was expected to continue through April.
    (SSFC, 3/23/08, p.A4)

2008        Mar 28, The grey wolf of the northern Rocky Mountains was taken off the federal protection list after reaching a population of some 1,500 in the greater Yellowstone region. Wolves were reintroduced in 1995 after disappearing from the area in 1926. On July 18 a judge re-stored protection for the wolves in Montana, Wyoming and Idaho, derailing plans for public wolf hunts this fall. On Sep 29 a federal court overturned the Bush administration’s decision to re-move gray wolves from the endangered species list in the Great lakes region.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.44)(SFC, 7/19/08, p.A4)(WSJ, 9/30/08, p.A1)

2008        Mar, In South Africa tens of thousands of swallows fell dead in Limpopo province as wet weather prevented them from eating properly less than a week before their migration for Europe.
    (SFC, 4/12/08, p.B6)

2008        May 1, South Africa lifted a 13-year ban on killing elephants. The country had some 18,000 elephants.
    (WSJ, 5/2/08, p.A8)

2008        May 3, Big Brown pulled won the Kentucky Derby 4 3/4 lengths ahead of the filly Eight Belles, who was euthanized by injection on the track with 2 broken ankles.
    (AP, 5/4/08)

2008        May 4, In the Cayman Islands 5 captive Grand Cayman Blue Iguanas, critically endangered lizards that resemble miniature turquoise dragons, were found scattered across a breeding park in the British dependency after they apparently were stomped and gouged.
    (AP, 5/7/08)

2008        May 13, Timothy Kooyman (24), a homeless man in Rancho Cucamonga, Ca., was arrested on animal cruelty charges. In 2009 additional charges of using scissors to cut off feline tails was added to counts of soaking cats in gas and torching them. Kooyman pleaded insanity.
    (www.animalshelter.org/forum/Serial_Cat_Torturer,_Timothy_Kooyman/m_1804/tm.htm)    (SFC, 2/27/09, p.B4)

2008        May 14, US Interior Sec. Dirk Kempthorne said the government will list the polar bear as threatened under the Endangered Species Act, making it the 1st animal to win protection due to global warming.
    (SFC, 5/15/08, p.A1)

2008        May 19, In Australia the Tasmania state government said the Tasmanian devil will be listed as an endangered species this week as a result of a deadly and disfiguring cancer out-break. Animal rights activists said Australian authorities have started the controversial killing of about 400 kangaroos on the outskirts of Australia's capital of Canberra.
    (AFP, 5/19/08)(AP, 5/19/08)

2008        May 22, Several companies agreed to pay a combined $24 million to pet owners to re-solve lawsuits over contaminated pet food linked to the illness and death of animals. The settlement involving Canada-based Menu Foods Income Fund and other pet food manufacturers and suppliers was outlined in documents filed in the US District Court in New Jersey.
    (Reuters, 5/23/08)

2008        Mar 28, The grey wolf of the northern Rocky Mountains was taken off the federal protection list after reaching a population of some 1,500 in the greater Yellowstone region. Wolves were reintroduced in 1995 after disappearing from the area in 1926. On July 18 a judge re-stored protection for the wolves in Montana, Wyoming and Idaho, derailing plans for public wolf hunts this fall. On Sep 29 a federal court overturned the Bush administration’s decision to re-move gray wolves from the endangered species list in the Great lakes region.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.44)(SFC, 7/19/08, p.A4)(WSJ, 9/30/08, p.A1)

2008        Jun 25, Spain's parliament voiced its support for the rights of great apes to life and freedom in what will apparently be the first time any national legislature has called for such rights for non-humans.
    (Reuters, 6/25/08)

2008        Jul 22, California Gov. Schwarzenegger signed SB685 giving state pet owners the right to set up a legally enforceable trust to care for their animals. The bill was sponsored by Senator Leland Yee (D-San Francisco/San Mateo).
    (SFC, 7/26/08, p.C1)(http://tinyurl.com/5uppps)

2008        Aug, Puerto Rico passed an animal protection law, nearly a year after authorities charged the owner and two employees of a private animal control company with taking away dozens of pet dogs and some cats from public housing projects and throwing them off a bridge.
    (AP, 9/16/10)

2008        Sep 7, The conservation group WWF said Australian koalas are dying by the thousands as a result of land clearing in the country's northeast, while millions of birds and reptiles are also perishing. Queensland state last week revealed that 375,000 hectares of bush were cleared in 2005-06, a figure WWF said would have resulted in the deaths of two million mammals.
    (AP, 9/7/08)

2008        Sep 9, Morocco said it would start vaccinating all livestock after the outbreak of Peste des Petits Ruminants, a deadly viral disease, ahead of the Eid festival when millions of animals are sacrificed.
    (AFP, 9/9/08)

2008        Sep 22, in Australia 400 sheep died in a road accident, prompting animal rights activists to repeat their call for an end to the long distance transportation of livestock for slaughter.
    (AFP, 9/23/08)

2008        Sep 27, It was reported that the elephant population in Congo’s Virunga National Park had dropped to under 200, mostly due to poaching. In 1964 there were an estimated 2,900. In 2006 the number had dropped to 400.
    (Econ, 9/27/08, p.62)

2008        Oct 1, In Australia a major report to the government on global warming suggested that Australians should eat kangaroos instead of cattle and sheep.
    (AP, 10/1/08)

2008        Oct 14, Gray wolves in the northern US Rocky Mountains returned to the endangered species list, thanks to a court victory by environmental groups over the US government [see Mar 28, 2008].
    (AFP, 10/14/08)

2008        Oct 17, The Bush administration named the beluga whale in Alaska’s Cook Inlet an endangered species, despite opposition from Gov. Palin. Only 375 beluga whales remained there as opposed to some 1,300 in the 1970s. In 2011 a US federal judge upheld the listing.
    (SFC, 10/18/08, p.A3)(SFC, 11/22/11, p.A6)

2008        Oct 20, In China, a veterinarian said some 1,500 dogs, bred for their raccoon-like fur, have died after eating feed tainted with the same chemical that contaminated dairy products and sickened tens of thousands of babies nationwide.
    (AP, 10/20/08)

2008        Oct 28, Namibia sold more than seven tons of ivory for $1.1 million, in the first legal auction of elephant tusks in nearly a decade, exclusively for Chinese and Japanese buyers.
    (AP, 10/28/08)

2008        Oct 30, In Australia 4 teenagers were charged with attacking an almost blind greater flamingo at Adelaide Zoo. The bird is believed to be the oldest of its kind in the world.
    (AFP, 10/30/08)

2008        Oct 31, The Leakey Foundation awarded its Leakey Prize to American primatologist Jane Goodall and Japanese scientist Toshidada Nishida for their work with chimpanzees.
    (SFC, 10/30/08, p.B1)

2008        Nov 3, Zimbabwean officials say they have sold almost 4 tons of ivory for over $450,000 and the money will go to the country's cash-strapped wildlife authorities.
    (AP, 11/3/08)

2008        Nov 17, The Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) said a ton of ivory items and 57 suspects were netted in a four-month operation billed Africa's largest-ever crackdown on wildlife crime. Operation Baba also seized cheetah, leopard, serval cat and python skins as well as hippo teeth at several markets, airports and border crossings in Congo Brazzaville, Ghana, Kenya, Uganda and Zambia.
    (AFP, 11/17/08)

2008        Dec 9, A South African man accused of attempting to smuggle hundreds of rare chameleons, snakes, lizards and frogs out of Madagascar inside his jacket and luggage was convicted and sentenced to a year in jail.
    (AP, 12/9/08)

2008        James Lever, a book editor, authored “Me Cheetah: My Life in Hollywood," a pseudo-autobiography by Tarzan’s friendly chimpanzee. It was first published in Britain before the author’s name was revealed. The American edition came out in 2009.
    (WSJ, 3/13/09, p.W10)
2008        Marion Nestle authored “Pet Food Politics: The Chihuahua in the Coal Mine," which illuminates the connections  between the food supplies of humans, farm animals and pets.
    (Econ, 9/6/08, p.97)
2008        Irene Pepperberg authored “Alex & Me: How a Scientist and a Parrot Uncovered a Hid-den World of Animal Intelligence – And Formed a Deep bond in the Process.
    (Econ, 10/25/08, p.100)
2008        In Nepal a WWF survey found just 121 adult tigers of breeding age in the country.
    (AFP, 6/3/11)

2009        Jan 16, In India a herd of nearly 150 hungry elephants rampaged through a village in the remote northeast, trampling to death a young family as they slept in their hut.
    (AP, 1/17/09)
2009        Jan 16, South African police and game park rangers said they have arrested 11 suspects in an international rhinoceros poaching ring. Some of the rhinos had their horns hacked from them while they were still alive.
    (AP, 1/16/09)

2009        Jan 30, Indian officials said tigers have killed at least three children and four adults in northern Uttar Pradesh in recent weeks, forcing frightened villagers to stay indoors while forest rangers search for the wild cats.
    (AP, 1/30/09)

2009        Feb 4, Arkansas Gov. Mike Beebe signed into law new animal-cruelty restrictions that make aggravated cruelty to cats, dogs and horses a felony on the first offense. According to the US Humane Society Arkansas became the 46th state to make cruelty to animals a felony.
    (AP, 2/5/09)

2009        Feb 16, In Stamford, Connecticut, a 200-pound domesticated chimpanzee  was shot dead by police after a violent rampage that left a friend of its owner badly mauled. Travis (15) had once starred in TV commercials for Old Navy and Coca-Cola. The chimp was acting so agitated earlier that afternoon that the owner gave him the anti-anxiety drug Xanax in some tea. Owner Sandra Herold later denied giving Xanax to the chimp. Charla Nash lost her hands, nose, lips and eyelids in the attack. Doctors later said she will be blind for life.
    (AP, 2/17/09)(SFC, 2/19/09, p.A5)(AP, 4/7/09)

2009        Feb 21, In western Indonesia a Sumatran tiger mauled two illegal loggers to death, bringing to 5 the number of people killed by the critically endangered cats in less than a month.
    (AP, 2/22/09)

2009        Mar 9, In Sweden researchers reported that a chimpanzee named Santino had collected a stash of rocks and then hurled them at visitors at the Furuvik Zoo, confirming that apes can plan ahead just like humans.
    (SFC, 3/10/09, p.A3)

2009        Mar 14, In Algeria Islamists cut the throat of a shepherd and 300 of his sheep in Chatabia village near the Tunisian border. Three family members and an elected official died in a bomb explosion the following morning as they headed to the site of the killing.
    (AFP, 3/16/09)

2009        Mar 18, Russia said it was banning the hunting of baby harp seals, weeks after PM Putin reportedly called the hunt a bloody industry.
    (SFC, 3/19/09, p.A2)

2009        Mar 19, A report issued by the US Interior Department said one-third of the nation's endangered birds are in Hawaii. 31 Hawaiian bird species were listed as endangered, more than anywhere else in the country. The native birds were threatened by the destruction of their habitats by invasive plant species and feral animals like pigs, goats and sheep, habitat loss and in-sect born diseases. The report also said energy production of all types — wind, ethanol and mountaintop coal mining — was contributing to steep drops in bird populations.
    (AP, 3/20/09)

2009        Mar 23, Canadian officials declared the nation’s annual seal hunt open, despite a potential EU ban on the import of seal products.
    (SFC, 3/24/09, p.A2)
2009        Mar 23, In eastern Indonesia 2 Komodo dragons mauled a fruit-picker to death. An 8-year-old boy was killed in 2007, the first recorded deadly attack on a human by one of the endangered lizards in three decades.
    (AP, 3/24/09)

2009        Mar 24, In Indonesia rangers found the bodies of 2 rare Sumatran elephants with gun-shots to the head hours after they were used for a patrol against illegal loggers and several hundred yards from their camp.
    (AP, 3/31/09)

2009        Mar 25, Conservation International, a Washington D.C.-based conservation group, announced the discovery of over 50 new animal species in a remote, mountainous region of Papua New Guinea. The group spent the past several months analyzing more than 600 animal species found during its expedition to the South Pacific island nation in July and August.
    (AP, 3/25/09)
2009        Mar 25, China’s state media said forestry officials in far western China have resorted to scattering abortion pills near gerbil burrows in a bid to halt a rodent plague threatening the desert region's fragile ecosystem.
    (AP, 3/25/09)

2009        Mar 29, In Australia thousands of poisonous cane toads met their fate as gleeful hunters gathered for a celebratory mass killing of the hated amphibians, with many of the creatures' corpses being turned into fertilizer for the very farmers they've plagued for years.
    (AP, 3/29/09)

2009        Apr 20, In Florida 7 more Venezuelan polo horses sickened just before a tournament died overnight, raising the death toll to 21. Officials said they may have been killed by some type of poison. On April 23 Franck’s Pharmacy admitted to having prepared a generic version of Biodyl, a vitamin supplement banned in the US, which was administered to all the dead horses.
    (AP, 4/20/09)(SFC, 4/24/09, p.A7)

2009        Apr 24, In India's remote northeast Assam state wild elephants demolished two thatched-roof huts, killing five villagers in a pre-dawn attack. India's northeast has the world's highest number of wild Asiatic elephants, with 7,000 estimated in the states of Assam and Meghalaya alone.
    (AP, 4/24/09)

2009        Apr 27, America, Canada, Europe and Japan promised to cooperate on validating alter-natives to using animals in medical research. An estimated 50-100 million animals were used in research annually around the world.
    (Econ, 5/9/09, p.18)
2009        Apr 27, In Kenya 2 men pleaded guilty in court to illegally possessing 1,500 pounds (700 kilograms) of elephant tusks in what was believed to be the largest seizure of illegal ivory in re-cent years. Rangers and police arrested the two, a Kenyan and a Tanzanian, on April 25, when the Kenya Wildlife Service acted on a tip about planned ivory smuggling in Amboseli National Park.
    (AP, 4/27/09)

2009        Apr 29, Egypt began slaughtering the roughly 300,000 pigs in the country as a precautionary measure against the spread of swine flu even though no cases have been reported here yet.
    (AP, 4/29/09)

2009        Apr 30, The Iraqi government decided to kill three wild boars at the Baghdad Zoo amid worldwide fears of swine flu. No date was set for their killing. Two US Marines and a sailor were killed during combat operations in Anbar province.
    (AP, 5/1/09)(SFC, 5/2/09, p.A2)

2009        May 2, Mine That Bird, a gelding from New Mexico trained by Bennie Woolley Jr., won the 135th Kentucky Derby. With an inspired ride on the rail from Calvin Borel the 50-to-1 odds win was one of the greatest upsets in America's most famous horse race.
    (AP, 5/3/09)(SSFC, 5/3/09, p.C1)
2009        May 2, In Trinidad 4 police officers allegedly hijacked a smuggling boat from Venezuela and stole 1,000 endangered birds and monkeys along with 400 pounds of wild animal meat. Investigators acting on a tip found birds and monkeys in people's homes, in pet shops and even along roads in Port-of-Spain.
    (AP, 5/5/09)

2009        May 4, Wolves in parts of the northern Rockies and the Great Lakes region come off the endangered species list, opening them to public hunts in some states for the first time in decades. States such as Idaho and Montana planned to resume hunting the animals this fall, but no hunting has been proposed in the Great Lakes region. About 300 wolves in Wyoming will remain on the list because the US Fish and Wildlife Service rejected the state's plan for a "predator zone" where wolves could be shot on sight. An estimated 4,000 wolves lived in Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota.
    (AP, 5/4/09)

2009        May 5, Australia's army started shooting 6,000 kangaroos to thin their population on an army training ground near the capital, outraging conservationists who have vowed to protest.
    (AP, 5/8/09)
2009        May 5, The European Parliament voted to update the rules on the use of animals in re-search and to ban imports of seal products, including fur coats and even omega-3 pills, trying to force Canada to end the annual seal hunt that animal rights groups call barbaric.
    (AP, 5/5/09)(Econ, 5/9/09, p.84)

2009        May 7, Animal welfare activists said more than 300 stray dogs, dumped on isolated is-lands in Malaysia’s Selangor state, turned to cannibalism after weeks of starvation.
    (AP, 5/7/09)
2009        May 7, In northwestern Indonesia 2 rare Sumatran elephants, believed to have been poisoned with cyanide-laced pineapples, were found dead with their tusks removed. Just 3,000 Sumatran elephants are believed to still be living in their natural surroundings.
    (AP, 5/8/09)

2009        May 14, In Australia a court suspended a government program to kill 7,000 kangaroos on federal land near the Australian capital, halting efforts to thin a mushrooming population of the beloved marsupials that authorities say are threatening endangered species.
    (AP, 5/14/09)

2009        May 18, A leading animal rights group criticized Egypt for using "shocking and cruel" methods to slaughter the country's pigs over swine flu fears, responding to a YouTube video that showed men skewering squealing piglets with large kitchen knives and hitting others with crowbars.
    (AP, 5/18/09)

2009        May 19, Scientists in New York unveiled the skeleton of what they said could be the common ancestor to humans, apes and other primates. The tiny creature, officially known as Darwinius masillae, but dubbed Ida, lived 47 million years ago and is unusually well preserved. The monkey-like creature, discovered in 1983, was preserved through the ages in Germany's Messel Pit, a crater rich in Eocene Epoch fossils.
    (AFP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 19, Environmental groups in Indonesia said Singapore-based Asia Pulp & Paper,  one of the world's largest paper companies, plans to clear a large swath of unprotected forest in Indonesia being used as a sanctuary for critically endangered orangutans.
    (AP, 5/19/09)

2009        May 23, It was reported that millions of bats in at least 7 US states (Connecticut, New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia and West Virginia) have died from white-nose syndrome, a fungal diseases. In 2011 the fungus Geomyces destructans was identified as the cause.
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.36)(SFC, 10/28/11, p.A18)

2009        May 26, In New Zealand an animal keeper was mauled to death by a rare white tiger at a wildlife park in New Zealand while visitors watched in horror. South African national Dalu Mncube was attacked after he and a colleague entered the cage at Zion Wildlife Park on New Zealand's North Island to clean it.
    (AP, 5/27/09)

2009        May 30, In South Africa 55 pilot whales beached near Cape Point, prompting a massive rescue operation. The rescue efforts failed and 44 of the whales were shot to end their suffering. The rest died of stress and organ failure.
    (AP, 5/30/09)(AP, 5/31/09)

2009        Jun 8, In Malawi an international organization began moving more than 60 elephants from Phirilongwe village, south of Lake Malawi, to the Majete Wildlife Reserve. Local farmers had used violence to protect their crops from raids by the elephants, and at least 10 people and a number of elephants have recently died in such confrontations.
    (AP, 6/8/09)

2009        Jun 12, In Indonesia a male Sumatran elephant was found dead in a pulp plantation in Riau province, Sumatra with its tusks removed. Six other endangered Sumatran elephants had been killed in Riau in the last two months and two were found with missing tusks.
    (AP, 6/15/09)

2009        Jun 14, In Florida Tyler Hayes Weinman (18), whose divorced parents live in the neighborhoods where many of the cats were killed, was charged with 19 counts each of animal cruelty and improperly disposing of an animal body. Police said they investigated more than 30 cat deaths since May and were flooded with tips from concerned citizens.
    (AP, 6/15/09)(SFC, 6/15/09, p.A6)

2009        Jun 17, The number of Nebraska cattle herds quarantined because of bovine tuberculosis concerns jumped to 42 and Colorado and South Dakota were warned the disease may have already spread there.
    (AP, 6/17/09)

2009        Jun 18, Canadian officials said about 70,000 harbor seals were killed in this year’s hunt out of a commercial quota of 273,000 animals. The 7-month hunt had ended earlier this week.
    (SFC, 6/19/09, p.A2)

2009        Jun 21, Ukrainian border guards seized 250 turtles being smuggled into the country on a train from Uzbekistan, where they had been hidden and strapped down with tape to prevent them from moving.
    (AFP, 6/22/09)

2009        Jul 1, Bolivia enacted what animal rights defenders called the world's first law that prohibits the use of animals in circuses. A handful of other countries have banned the use of wild animals in circuses, but the Bolivian ban includes domestic animals as well. The law would be-come effective on July 1, 2010.
    (AP, 7/30/09)(AP, 4/16/10)
2009        Jul 1, In Namibia the annual seal hunt opened despite objections by animal welfare groups. Hunters were expected to club over 90,000 seals including 85,000 pups by Nov 15.
    (SFC, 7/7/09, p.A2)(AFP, 8/4/09)
2009        Jul 1, In San Sebastian, Spain, a meeting was underway of five regional fisheries management organizations, tasked primarily with protecting tuna populations worldwide. The groups representing 80 countries met for the first time in two years to assess stocks of the fish and determine what more can be done to save the 23 tuna populations, nine of which are under threat.
    (AP, 7/1/09)
2009        Jul 1, In southern Thailand a rampaging elephant stomped three rubber tappers to death after it was left to wander freely by its handler.
    (AP, 7/1/09)

2009        Jul 14, In Nairobi, Kenya, authorities seized over 660 pounds of illegal ivory and black rhinoceros horn, some of it still bloody, on a Mozambique-to-Asia plane.
    (SFC, 7/15/09, p.A2)

2009        Jul 17, In Namibia 2 European journalists were fined $625 (US) by a court for filming the annual seal hunt along the coast of the southern African nation. On July 31 British investigative journalist Jim Wilckens and South African cameraman Bart Smithers were found guilty of violating the Marine Resources Act by entering a restricted area without permission.
    (AFP, 7/18/09)(AFP, 8/4/09)

2009        Jul 23, In China female panda You You (pronounced Yo Yo) gave birth to the new cub at the Wolong Giant Panda Research Center in southwestern Sichuan. This was the first successful birth of a panda cub from artificial insemination using frozen sperm, giving a new option for the notoriously poor breeders.
    (AP, 7/24/09)

2009        Jul 27, European Union nations gave their final approval to a ban on imports of seal products in an effort to force Canada to end its annual seal hunt.
    (AP, 7/27/09)

2009        Aug 12, In Montana a grizzly bear named Maximus, one of the largest in the state, was found shot to death on a ranch near Dupuyer. He had stood 7½ feet tall and weighed 800 lbs.
    (SSFC, 8/23/09, p.A7)

2009        Aug 16, In Uruguay some 20 dead Fraser's dolphins turned up this weekend on the Punta Negra beach in Piriapolis outside Montevideo. Experts theorized the tropical dolphins be-came disoriented or were carried there by changing water currents.
    (AP, 8/18/09)

2009        Aug 22, In Indonesia a group of thieves killed an endangered Sumatran tiger in a zoo in Jambi province on Sumatra island and stole most of its body. Police suspected the theft was motivated by the animal's valuable fur and bones. The number of Sumatran tigers has dwindled to about 250 from about 1,000 in the 1970s, according to the Washington DC-based World Wildlife Fund.
    (AP, 8/23/09)

2009        Aug 22, The West Australian town of Broome, with deep historical ties to Japan, voted to sever its sister city relationship with the Japanese village of Taiji to protest an annual dolphin slaughter near there. At an extraordinary meeting on October 13 Broome rescinded the decision, which it said was made in haste and without wide consultation, and issued an apology to the Japanese community in Broome and Taiji, their families and friends for any disrespect caused by council's resolution. But it noted that it did not condone the harvest of dolphins in Taiji, with which it forged sister-city relations in 1981.
    (AP, 8/24/09)(AFP, 10/16/09)

2009        Aug 24, It was reported that Peruvian police expecting to find a shipment of cocaine hidden in a crate holding two live turkeys were surprised to discover the drug surgically implanted inside the birds.
    (AP, 8/24/09)

2009        Sep 1, Idaho hunters began stalking gray wolves, following their removal from the federal endangered species a few months earlier. The quota for this season was 220. The quota in Montana was set at 75.
    (SFC, 9/2/09, p.A8)
2009        Sep 1, In the Bahamas an amended fisheries laws took effect to give full protection to all sea turtles found in the Atlantic archipelago's waters by banning the harvest, possession, purchase and sale of the endangered reptiles, including their eggs.
    (AP, 8/30/09)

2009        Sep 9, Conservationists said poaching and drought-related hunger have killed more than 100 of Kenya's famous elephants in the north of the country so far this year. Around 23,000 elephants live in Kenya but populations can be devastated by poaching within a couple of years. A recent survey in Chad showed its elephant population had declined from 3,800 to just over 600 in the past three years.
    (AP, 9/9/09)

2009        Sep 25, An environmental group said a gecko with leopard-like spots on its body and a fanged frog that eats birds are among 163 new species discovered last year in the Mekong River region of Southeast Asia, which included Laos, Thailand and Vietnam.
    (AP, 9/25/09)
2009        Sep 25, Palau announced to the UN General Assembly that it is creating a shark and ray sanctuary over some 240,000 square miles around its coastline. Palau had just one boat to patrol the protected waters. Some 20,000 people populated the 190-square mile archipelago.
    (SFC, 9/25/09, p.A6)

2009        Sep 29, Ethiopian and Kenyan authorities seized more than 2,600 pounds (1,200 kilo-grams) of ivory from nearly 100 illegally killed elephants. Specially trained dogs sniffed out a consignment of bloodstained tusks at Kenya's national airport. Another shipment of tusks sent by the same individual had been seized a day earlier at the airport in Ethiopia's capital.
    (AP, 9/30/09)
2009        Sep 30, Bangladesh awarded a farmer who killed more than 83,000 rats and launched a monthlong campaign nationwide to kill millions more, to protect crops and reduce the need for food imports.
    (AP, 9/30/09)

2009        Oct 13, Montana wildlife commissioners shut down gray wolf hunting in backcountry adjacent to Yellowstone National Park after 9 wolves were killed in recent weeks. The statewide quota was kept at 75.
    (SFC, 10/14/09, p.A4)

2009        Oct 19, Japan said it has caught 59 whales off Hokkaido, one short of the maximum al-lowed by international guidelines, under a research program that critics say is a cover for commercial whaling.
    (AP, 10/19/09)

2009        Oct 22, The Obama administration said it is designating over 200,000 square miles in Alaska and off its coast as critical habitat for polar bears.
    (SFC, 10/22/09, p.A7)

2009        Oct 27, In Canada 2 coyotes attacked and killed Taylor Mitchell (19), a singer-songwriter from Toronto, as she hiked alone in Cape Breton Highlands National Park in Nova Scotia.
    (SFC, 10/29/09, p.A2)

2009        Oct 30, The BBC said Anton Turner (38), a British guide working on a children's television show in Tanzania, was killed after being charged by an elephant. The show "Serious Explorers" followed David Livingstone's famous 19th-century trek across the African continent.
    (AP, 10/31/09)

2009        Nov 2, In Kashmir the bodies of 2 senior rebels, mauled to death by a wild bear, were recovered. Police said they were members of the region's most powerful group, Hizbul Mujahedin and had been active in Indian Kashmir for more than six years.
    (AFP, 11/3/09)

2009        Nov 13, India officials said all elephants living in Indian zoos and circuses will be moved to wildlife parks and game sanctuaries where the animals can graze more freely.
    (AP, 11/13/09)

2009        Nov 16, Thai police arrested Samart Chokechoyma (36) and Kanokwan Wongsaroj (38) on charges of smuggling African ivory into the country to supply shops that sell jewelry and trinkets, including to customers in the US. DNA tests showed that it was of African origin.
    (AP, 11/17/09)

2009        Nov 19, Four whaling ships left Japan for a five-month hunt in the Southern Ocean, using a loophole in an international moratorium that allows their killing for lethal "research."
    (AFP, 11/20/09)

2009        Nov 24, In Nepal the 2-day Gadhimai festival, celebrated every five years, was attended by many Hindus from India as well as Nepal. More than 200,000 buffaloes, pigs, goats, chickens and pigeons were expected to be slaughtered this year.
    (AP, 11/20/09)(AP, 11/24/09)

2009        Nov 25, Australian Northern Territory officials said some 6,000 feral camels are running wild in the remote outback community of Docker River in search of water, smashing infrastructure and invading the airstrip.
    (AFP, 11/25/09)

2009        Nov 27, Bison returned to Mexico for the first time since the 1800s, with Mexican authorities releasing 23 donated US animals in northern Chihuahua state. The donated bison came from the Wind Cave National Park in South Dakota.
    (AP, 11/27/09)

2009        Nov 30, Interpol and the Kenya Wildlife Service said African authorities over the last 3 months had raided shops, intercepted vehicles at checkpoints and used sniffer dogs to detect and seize over 3,800 pounds (1,768kg) of illegal elephant ivory in a six-nation operation. This involved the wildlife authorities, police and customs departments of Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.
    (AP, 11/30/09)

2009        Dec 2, Cambodian police confiscated two tons of live snakes and tortoises and arrested two men trying to smuggle the slithering cargo up a river from Cambodia to Vietnam. Police arrested two Cambodians, aged 17 and 20, who said they were hired to transport the cargo but did not know the identities of their employers.
    (AP, 12/3/09)

2009        Dec 5, In Ohio a barn fire killed two workers and 43 horses at a harness racing track in Lebanon.
    (AP, 12/7/09)

2009        Dec 7, ITV, the British TV channel behind hit show "I'm A Celebrity... Get Me Out Of Here!", apologized for the death of a rat during filming in Australia, as the stars who killed it faced police charges.
    (AFP, 12/7/09)

2009        Dec 11, Australia's PM Kevin Rudd threatened legal action against Japan if it does not stop its research whaling program that kills up to 1,000 whales a year.
    (AP, 12/11/09)

2009        Dec 12, In Italy at least 5 sperm whales died after a pod of nine beached on the southern coast. Experts called it a rare and puzzling mass beaching for such a large species. Officials were considering euthanizing the last two whales still trapped in high waves.
    (AP, 12/12/09)

2009        Dec 15, Australian scientists reported the discovery of an octopus in Indonesia that collects coconut shells for shelter, unusually sophisticated behavior that the researchers believe is the first evidence of tool use in an invertebrate animal.
    (AP, 12/15/09)

2009        Dec 15, Mexican authorities found the decapitated bodies of four men in the border city of Tijuana. A grenade attack on a police station in western Mexico wounded a pregnant woman and her 3-year-old daughter. US officials delivered five helicopters to Mexico to help the country in its fight against drug cartels. 7 vehicles were burned in Mexico City. Investigators found evidence linking an animal rights group to homemade bombs that burned the cars.
    (AP, 12/15/09)(AP, 12/16/09)

2009        Dec 17, Malaysian marine police rescued 62 pangolins. 2 days later Malaysian wildlife authorities said they rescued 130 pangolins and arrested two men attempting to smuggle the protected species. They were expected to be illegally exported to China, Japan and Hong Kong, where animal's meat is considered a delicacy with medicinal qualities.
    (AFP, 12/20/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pangolin)

2009        Dec 20, Four of the world's last known 8 northern white rhinos landed in Kenya and were transported to a game park. No white rhinos are known to remain in the wild, and the animals transported have produced no offspring after nearly 24 years in a Czech zoo. Officials hoped the endangered mammals will reproduce and save their subspecies. Two northern whites remained behind; two others are in San Diego.
    (AP, 12/20/09)

2009        Dec 22, Chinese local media reported that a man who killed and ate what may have been the last wild Indochinese tiger in China was sentenced to 12 years in jail. Kang Wannian, a villager from Mengla, Yunnan Province, met the tiger in February while gathering freshwater clams in a nature reserve near China's border with Laos. He claimed to have killed it in self-defense.
    (Reuters, 12/22/09)

2009        Dec 23, Japanese whalers and militant conservationists clashed in the Antarctic Ocean over two days, with weapons including water cannon, blinding lasers and bottles of rancid acid.
    (AP, 12/23/09)

2009        Dec 26, In New Zealand some 20 pilot whales died on Colville Beach after stranding but holiday-makers and conservation workers managed to coax 43 others back out to sea. Some 105 long-finned pilot whales, stranded on South Island, died.
    (AP, 12/27/09)(AP, 12/28/09)

2009        Dec 28, In northern Nevada federal officials began a 2-month roundup of some 2,500 wild horses due to overpopulation. Federal managers on Feb 5 said the roundup was completed with 1,922 mustangs removed from the Calico Mountains Complex. 86 horses died in the government roundup, mostly from stress and trauma.
    (SFC, 12/29/09, p.A8)(SFC, 2/6/10, p.A6)(SFC, 4/20/10, p.A6)
2009        Dec 28, In central Kenya poachers killed an endangered southern white rhino in a privately owned ranch and cut off its horns. Wildlife Service rangers tracked down the suspected poachers and suspected buyers on Dec 3 and caught them with two rhino horns weighing more than 7 kg (16 pounds) and 647,000 Kenyan shillings ($8,500) in cash. 12 suspects, all of them Kenyans, were arrested as other suspects escaped.
    (AP, 1/4/10)

2009        Dec 31, In St. George, Utah, a trailer at an RV park containing some 19 pet pythons caught fire. 11 of the snakes survived.
    (SFC, 1/2/10, p.A4)

2009        Jonathan Safran Foer authored “Eating Animals."
    (SSFC, 11/8/09, p.E1)
2009        Brad Kessler authored “Goat Song: A Seasonal Life, A short History of Herding and the Art of Making Cheese."
    (Econ, 7/4/09, p.81)

2009        In California an almost completely hairless deer was found dead near Groveland in the western Sierra Nevada. Exotic lice plucked from the deer were identified as Bovicola tibialis, a species that normally feeds on fallow deer native to Europe and Asia. Another exotic louse, Damalinia (Cervicola), documented since 1996 in Oregon, had also spread to deer in northern California.
    (SFC, 5/27/13, p.A7)
2009        In Florida the tally of manatee deaths reached a record 429 for the year, surpassing the 2006 record of 417.
    (SFC, 1/9/10, p.A4)
2009        British animal rights activist Debbie Vincent became the public face of Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty (SHAC) after seven members of the group were jailed for a total of 50 years for their role in an animal rights campaign.
    (AFP, 4/17/14)
2009        In the Netherlands 6 people died this year from Q-fever. Some 2,300 had become infected by Coxiella burnetti, the infectious bug responsible for the disease. The bug is released into the air during birthing or miscarriages by infected goats. 40,000 pregnant goats were slated to be destroyed in early 2010.
    (Econ, 1/9/10, p.52)

2010        Jan 1, It was reported that Australian researchers have cracked the genetic origin of the deadly cancer that is threatening to wipe out Tasmanian devils, raising hopes that the animal's future is safe.
    (AFP, 1/1/10)

2010        Jan 4, In Kenya US citizen Sharon Brown (39) and her daughter Margaux (1) were trampled to death when a lone elephant charged out of the brush just outside Mount Kenya National Park.
    (AP, 1/6/10)

2010        Jan 8, In Puerto Rico officials said they have killed 800 monkeys blamed for scavenging crops and damaging natural resources in southwest region. Most of those killed were patas monkeys. About 200 rhesus monkeys were sent to the Caribbean Primate Research Center at the University of Puerto Rico and to other countries. The monkeys had escaped from research labs in the 1960s and '70s.
    (AP, 1/8/10)

2010        Jan 13, In Florida a 3-day state-coordinated hunt began to track down invasive pythons. It was feared that the African rock python would begin breeding with the Burmese python, which has already gained a foothold in the Everglades, and produce a new “super snake." 
    (SFC, 1/15/10, p.A8)
2010        Jan 13, In Seattle, Washington Tohru Shigemura (71), a Japanese psychiatrist traveling the world as a big game hunter, was charged in connection with smuggling black bear gall bladders. He had pretended to be a US citizen to buy guns, which he used to kill 6 black bears in and around the Quinault Indian Reservation.
    (SFC, 1/14/10, p.A4)

2010        Jan 14, Austrian scientists stopped a 2-week old avalanche experiment that involved burying pigs in snow and monitoring their deaths, following vehement protests by animal rights activists.
    (SFC, 1/15/10, p.A2)

2010        Jan 19, The World Wildlife Fund warned that the wild tiger faced extinction in China after having been decimated by poaching and the destruction of its natural habitat.
    (AFP, 1/19/10)

2010        Jan 22, In Vietnam 19 rare Asiatic moon bears, found at an illegal Taiwanese-owned operation in southern Vietnam, reached a new home at Tam Dao National Park, joining 29 bears already at the rescue center. Ultrasound tests had found evidence of thickened gall bladders, a telltale sign of gall bladder milking. Some may need to have the organ removed be-cause of extensive damage.
    (AP, 1/22/10)

2010        Jan 22, Police in Mexico City rescued 150 ferrets from armed robbers after a high speed chase. 14 boxes of ferrets imported from the US were taken by force by 3 robbers from a truck after it left the Mexico City airport. Two suspects were under arrest and another escaped.
    (AP, 1/22/10)
2010        Jan 22, In South Africa the national parks authority said poachers have killed 14 rhinos this year. The parks authority announced military patrols in Kruger National Park, where 7 of the rhinos were killed. The other 7 were killed in the North West province.
    (AFP, 1/23/10)

2010        Jan 23, In New Zealand 48 pilot whales stranded at Port Levy on South Island, but scores of volunteers joined Department of Conservation workers to refloat them off the shallow, muddy inlet. By the next day rescuers managed to coax 33 back out into deep waters, but an-other 15 of the pod died.
    (AP, 1/24/10)

2010        Jan 27, In Thailand 13 tiger range states attended the first Ministerial Conference on Tiger Conservation. The aim of the 3-day meeting was to convince countries to pledge to spend more on tiger conservation and set targets for boosting their numbers. The meeting was being organized by Thailand and the Global Tiger Initiative, a coalition formed in 2008 by the World Bank, the Smithsonian Institute and nearly 40 conservation groups. It aimed to double tiger numbers by 2022. The 13 countries attending were Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, In-dia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam.
    (AP, 1/27/10)

2010        Jan 29, In New Zealand police seized weapons used by two men to slaughter more than 30 dogs owned by a neighbor in what animal welfare authorities said could be the country's worst animal cruelty case.
    (AP, 1/29/10)
2010        Jan 29, In Thailand a dozen Asian nations and Russia vowed to double the number of wild tigers by 2022, crack down on poaching that has devastated the big cats and prohibit the building of roads and bridges that could harm their habitats. The 13 countries included Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam.
    (AP, 1/29/10)

2010        Feb 6, Spanish matador Jairo Miguel Sanchez Alonso (16) killed six bulls in one after-noon, pulling off a feat normally attempted only by seasoned veterans and winning trophies for his skill, ears from animals he had just slain.
    (AP, 2/6/10)

2010        Feb 8, The Obama administration said it will spend $78.5 million on efforts to contain the Asian carp, which threatened to endanger the Great Lakes’ $7 billion fishing industry.
    (SFC, 2/9/10, p.A4)
2010        Feb 8, In Australia ITV Studios, producer of "I'm a Celebrity ... Get Me Out of Here," was fined 3,000 Australian dollars ($2,615) after pleading guilty of animal cruelty after two reality show contestants skinned, cooked and ate a rat during filming in Australia.
    (AP, 2/9/10)

2010        Feb 11, In the Antarctic Ocean Sea Shepherd protesters shot butyric acid, produced from stinking rancid butter, at Japanese whalers to try to disrupt the annual whale hunt. The activists maintained that butyric acid is nontoxic.
    (AP, 2/12/10)
2010        Feb 11, Willem Wijnstekers, head of the UN program to protect endangered species, said that Zimbabwe security forces had killed over 200 rhinos over the past 2 years putting that population on the verge of extinction.
    (SFC, 2/12/10, p.A2)

2010        Feb 14, In New Zealand Department of Conservation workers found 9 whales dead on Stewart Island's West Ruggedy Beach after they were alerted by a passer-by. Wild seas and strong winds made it impossible to mount a rescue for 19 survivors. Conservation officials were forced to euthanize the animals.
    (AP, 2/15/10)

2010        Feb 17, It was reported that a mysterious illness was killing brown pelicans along the northern California coast. Some 100 birds were in for treatment at the Int’l. Bird Rescue Re-search Center in Cordelia. Some 300 others found treatment at the center’s San Pedro branch. Biologists on Feb 22 said stormy weather had caused the disappearance of prey in stirred up waters possible due to El Nino and recent big storms.
    (SFC, 2/17/10, p.A1)(SFC, 2/23/10, p.C2)

2010        Feb 23, It was reported that Florida wildlife officials have created a special python hunting season to stop the spread of the nonnative snakes throughout the Everglades. A $26 permit allow hunters to kill the reptiles from March 8 to April 17.
    (SFC, 2/23/10, p.A6)

2010        Feb 24, In Orlando, Florida, SeaWorld trainer Dawn Brancheau was killed after Tilikum, a 12,000 pound killer whale, grabbed her hair and pulled her under water.
    (AP, 2/25/10)
2010        Feb 24, Thailand officials seized two tons of elephant tusks from Africa hidden in pallets labeled as mobile phone parts in the country's largest ivory seizure.
    (AP, 2/25/10)

2010        Feb 26, Mozambique state media said 2 young men accused of having sex with a goat in central Mozambique are facing criminal charges, and the goat's owner is demanding they make traditional wedding arrangements.
    (AFP, 2/26/10)

2010        Feb 27, Militant anti-whalers declared an end to this season's pursuit of Japanese harpoon ships in Antarctic waters, saying it was their most successful and intensely fought campaign so far.
    (AFP, 2/27/10)

2010        Mar 5, In Spain the regions of Madrid, Valencia and southern Murcia said they will keep bullfighting legal and give the sport cultural heritage protection.
    (SFC, 3/6/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 7, In the US Academy Awards the film “The Hurt Locker" triumphed with six prizes and made Kathryn Bigelow the first woman ever to win the directing Oscar. Sandra Bullock won as best actress for "The Blind Side"; Jeff Bridges as best actor for "Crazy Heart"; Mo'Nique as supporting actress for "Precious: Based on the Novel `Push' by Sapphire"; and Christoph Waltz as supporting actor for "Inglourious Basterds." The best documentary feature was won by “The Cove," an examination of a bloody dolphin hunt filmed with hidden cameras in Taiji, Japan.
    (AP, 3/8/10)(SSFC, 3/14/10, p.A4)

2010        Mar 8, In Alaska the body of rural teacher Candice Berner (32) was found a mile outside of Chignik Lake. Wolf tracks surrounded the body.
    (SFC, 3/12/10, p.A8)

2010        Mar 13, In Qatar a two week UN conference opened with a focus on the Atlantic bluefin tuna and other marine life in the world's overfished oceans. The 175-nation Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) discussed new proposals on regulating the trade in number of plant and animal species.
    (AP, 3/13/10)

2010        Mar 15, At the CITES conference in Qatar a top official with the UN wildlife agency said the world has "failed miserably" at protecting tigers in the wild, bringing an animal that is a symbol for many cultures and religions to "the verge of extinction."
    (AP, 3/15/10)

2010        Mar 16, At the CITES meeting in Qatar a marine conservation group, Oceana, said surging demand for shark fin soup among Asia's booming middle classes is driving many species of these big fish to the brink of extinction.
    (AP, 3/16/10)

2010        Mar 18, In Qatar the CITES convention said consumer appetite for caviar is pushing sturgeon to the brink of extinction. Fishing nations led by Japan rejected a US backed proposal to ban export of the Atlantic bluefin tuna. A proposal to ban the int’l. sale of polar bear skins also failed to pass.
    (SFC, 3/19/10, p.A2,5)

2010        Mar 19, In Las Vegas a fire at the private Gilcrease Nature Sanctuary killed over 250 exotic birds and a dog.
    (SFC, 3/20/10, p.A5)
2010        Mar 19, Polish authorities said a herd of some 300 bison in southeastern Poland is at risk from tuberculosis after one recently died of the disease.
    (AP, 3/19/10)

2010        Mar 21, Conservationists at the CITES meeting in Qatar said the Internet has emerged as one of the greatest threats to rare species, fueling the illegal wildlife trade and making it easier to buy everything from live baby lions to wine made from tiger bones.
    (AP, 3/21/10)
2010        Mar 21, In Indonesia a rare Sumatran tiger dragged a man, identified as Darmilus (26), from a hut in Seponjen village near the protected Berbak National Park, and broke his neck as friends tried to rescue the victim.
    (AP, 3/22/10)

2010        Mar 23, At the CITES convention in Qatar Asian nations blocked US-backed proposals to protect the heavily fished hammerhead and oceanic whitetip sharks on concerns that regulating the booming trade in fins could hurt poor coastal nations.
    (AP, 3/23/10)

2010        Mar 24, The UN and Interpol released a joint report saying gorillas in central Africa are in danger from illegal logging, mining and from hunters who are killing great apes for meat.
    (AP, 3/24/10)

2010        Mar 25, In Qatar the CITES UN wildlife meeting rejected efforts to regulate the trade in overfished porbeagle sharks, reversing an earlier ruling at the conference and leaving none of the proposed shark species with protection. Asia nations managed to reopen the debate on the final day of the conference and voted to kill the proposal.
    (AP, 3/25/10)

2010        Apr 3, It was reported that some 4.5 million animals in Mongolia had perished over the last 3 months. A dry summer in 2009 followed by low temperatures and a heavy snow cover, a phenomenon called the zud, afflicted 19 of the countries 21 provinces.
    (Econ, 4/3/10, p.44)

2010        Apr 7, Innovation for the Development and Protection of the Environment (IDPE) said that from March 3-28 Congo government troops killed 7 hippos and 5 elephants as well as five antelopes, four baboons, three chimpanzees and two buffalo in Virunga national Park, a UNESCO world heritage. The soldiers "use their wives and cousins to sell the meat" in villages near the park, the IDPE said in a report that included photos of decomposing elephant carcasses.
    (AFP, 4/8/10)

2010        Apr 8, Canada’s annual seal hunt began with this year’s quota raised by 50,000 to 330,000 due to a rising seal herd population estimated at 6.9 million.
    (SFC, 4/9/10, p.A2)

2010        Apr 20, The US Supreme Court struck down a federal law aimed at banning videos that show graphic violence against animals, saying it violates the right to free speech.
    (AP, 4/20/10)

2010        Apr 22, The world’s first cloned polo pony was born in the US.
    (www.thehorse.com/articles/25447/first-cloned-polo-pony-is-born)

2010        Apr 29, In Vietnam a Javan rhino, one of the world's rarest large mammals, was found shot dead with its horn chopped off in a southern national park, a suspected victim of poachers. There were only three to five Javan rhinos believed left in Vietnam. The animal was first caught on camera at the park in 1999.
    (AP, 5/10/10)

2010        Apr, In Canada some 100 dogs appeared to have been "slaughtered" inhumanely, shortly after the end of the Winter Games. The incident became public after an employee of Outdoor Adventures Whistler filed a compensation claim with the province, saying he was suffering from stress after being forced to shoot the animals and bury them.
    (Reuters, 1/31/11)

2010        May 13, Scientists reported that 6% of the world’s lizard species will disappear in the next 40 years and up to 20% in the next 70 years if climate change continues unabated.
    (SFC, 5/14/10, p.A4)

2010        May 15, In Brazil a fire destroyed what may be the world's largest scientific collection of dead snakes, spiders and scorpions. The Instituto Butantan’s collection of nearly 80,000 specimens was the main source for research on thousands of species.
    (AP, 5/16/10)

2010        May 26, In Greece a horde of frogs caused a two-hour closure on a major highway near the city of Thessaloniki. The city's traffic police chief said that the "millions" of frogs were probably looking for food.
    (AP, 5/26/10)

2010        May 28, Hawaii became the first US state to ban the sale or possession of shark fins, used in the creation of some Chinese delicacies, in an effort to help prevent their overfishing.
    (SFC, 5/29/10, p.A4)
2010        May 28, Australia said it will challenge Japan's whale hunting in the Antarctic at the International Court of Justice, a major legal escalation in its campaign to ban the practice despite Tokyo's insistence on the right to so-called scientific whaling.
    (AP, 5/28/10)
2010        May 28, In South Africa an expert with the country's national parks said poachers killed a record number of rhinos in South Africa last year and are already on track to surpass that number again in 2010.
    (AP, 5/28/10)

2010        May 28, In Alaska a backpacker shot and killed a grizzly bear with his handgun in Denali National Park. A man and woman reported that they were hiking when the bear emerged from trailside brush and charged the woman.
    (AP, 5/31/10)

2010        May 31, Australia filed an international lawsuit against Japan arguing that its whale cull does not qualify for a scientific exemption to a 1986 ban. Japan said the next day that it would staunchly defend its research hunt that kills hundreds of whales per year.
    (AP, 6/1/10)
2010        May 31, A Malaysian government official, Malacca Chief Minister Mohamad Ali Rustam, defended an Indian company's plans to build an animal testing medicine lab in his state, saying that God created monkeys and rats for experiments to benefit humans.
    (AP, 5/31/10)

2010        Jun 10, The Zimbabwe state wildlife authority said poachers last week killed 10 elephants in a single attack in southeastern Gonarezhou national park. All the tusks were re-moved, leaving the carcasses on a river bank.
    (AP, 6/10/10)

2010        Jun 13, Nepal’s PM Madhav Kumar Nepal and Forest Minister Deepak Bohara summoned conservation officials and the chiefs of police and army ordering them to come up with a strategy to halt the killing of endangered rhinos. 28 of the endangered animals had been killed over the past 11 months.
    (AP, 6/14/10)

2010        Jun 21, In Indonesia the discovery of three dead Javan rhinos has intensified efforts to save one of the world's most endangered mammals from extinction, with an electric fence being built around a new sanctuary and breeding ground.
    (AP, 6/21/10)

2010        Jun 25, In Morocco a 5-day meeting of the International Whaling Commission ended. Native people of Greenland won a long battle to extend their annual whale hunt to humpbacks, overriding objections from conservation-minded members of the IWC. A 2008 investigation showed about one-fourth of the whales the Greenlanders caught were sold on the market in violation of the commission's rules.
    (AP, 6/26/10)
2010        Jun 25, In Venezuela it was reported that fish and birds covered with tar-like oil are washing up on the eastern shores of Lake Maracaibo, angering fishermen who fear their livelihood is at stake because of the country's state-run oil company.
    (AP, 6/26/10)

2010        Jul 2, Jakarta's annual month-long flora and fauna expo opened. It included sales of the world's most threatened ploughshare tortoise and the critically endangered radiated tortoises, both from Madagascar. While the government has passed legislation banning such illegal trade, dealers continue to blatantly sell endangered species without fear of arrest or prosecution.
    (AP, 7/3o/10)

2010        Jul 4, In Bellevue, Iowa, a pair of runaway horses in harness crashed into a Fourth of July parade float and collapsed, ending a rampage that injured nearly two dozen people and killed one.
    (AP, 7/5/10)(SFC, 7/5/10, p.A4)

2010        Jul 6, California Gov. Schwarzenegger signed into law a bill extending voter approved mandates for the humane treatment of egg-laying hens in the state.
    (SFC, 7/7/10, p.C1)

2010        Jul 9, In California scuba divers began killing invasive Asian clams in Lake Tahoe. Long rubber mats were laid over half an acre in a test effort starve the clams of oxygen.
    (SFC, 7/10/10, p.C2)

2010        Jul 10, It was reported that Amazon river dolphins were being killed by fishermen for bait and that the population was dropping 7 percent a year. The gentle and curious dolphins were easy targets for nets and harpoons as they swim fearlessly up to fishing boats.
    (AP, 7/10/10)
2010        Jul 10, Baghdad officials said 58,000 stray dogs have been killed in and around the Iraqi capital over the past three months as part of a campaign to combat dog attacks.
    (AP, 7/10/10)

2010        Jul 13, In Malaysia a police raid for stolen vehicles found 42 of them at a warehouse in Malaysia along with and hundreds of birds and other protected wildlife. Officers found some 700 birds and caged leopard cats, albino pygmy monkeys and other animals. They included about 20 protected species.
    (AP, 7/14/10)

2010        Jul 15, Australian scientists reported their discovery of bizarre prehistoric sea life hundreds of kilometers below the Great Barrier Reef, in an unprecedented mission to document species under threat from ocean warming.
    (AFP, 7/15/10)

2010        Jul 16, In Mexico Roberto Cabrera (38), with a mysterious bulge under his T-shirt, was stopped, searched and detained at Mexico City's international airport after arriving from Peru. Authorities found 18 tiny endangered monkeys in a girdle he was wearing. Two of the monkeys were dead.
    (AP, 7/19/10)

2010        Jul 28, In Spain a bullfighting ban, passed in Catalonia's parliament, provoking passion-ate reactions throughout the country.
    (Reuters, 7/28/10)
2010        Jul 28, South African wildlife authorities said poachers killed 152 endangered rhinoceros in the country so far this year, about 20 more than the number killed in the whole of 2009.
    (AP, 7/28/10)

2010        Aug 5, A federal judge in Montana reinstated protections for wolves in Montana and Idaho.
    (SFC, 8/6/10, p.A5)

2010        Aug 12, In Zimbabwe a wounded buffalo, known as one of the most aggressive animals in the African bush, gored veteran Zimbabwean conservationist Steve Kok (71) to death, ending his years of dedication to saving wild animals from poachers' traps.
    (AP, 8/17/10)

2010        Aug 18, In Spain a bull leapt into the packed grandstands of a bullring at the Tafalla arena in the northern region of Navarra and ran amok, charging and trampling spectators and leaving 40 people injured.
    (AP, 8/19/10)

2010        Aug 20, The European Union's high court temporarily exempted Inuit hunters in Canada and Greenland from the bloc's new trade ban on seal products, while asking European Parliament and EU governments to justify the ban.
    (AP, 8/20/10)
2010        Aug 20, Mexican police detained six suspects on the southern Pacific coast with 3,756 illegally harvested eggs from protected sea turtles.
    (AP, 8/20/10)
2010        Aug 20, In northern New Zealand 58 pilot whales died after they washed onto an isolated beach. Rescue volunteers' initial efforts to refloat 15 others that survived failed. A fresh at-tempt to save the beached sea mammals was planned for the next day.
    (AP, 8/20/10)

2010        Aug 24, A Kenyan official said wildlife officers have seized two tons of elephant ivory and five rhino horns at the main airport that were to be illegally shipped to Malaysia.
    (AP, 8/24/10)

2010        Aug 25, Police in northeastern Congo said they have seized 116 elephant tusks and arrested two men following a truck crash.
    (AP, 8/25/10)

2010        Aug 26, A Malaysian man was arrested after his bag bursting with 95 live boa constrictors broke open on a luggage conveyer belt at Kuala Lumpur International Airport. Keng Liang "Anson" Wong (52), who had been previously convicted of wildlife trafficking in the United States, later pleaded guilty to wildlife smuggling.
    (AP, 9/4/10)

2010        Aug 28, In northern Greece break-ins over the last 24 hours at two fur farms near the city of Kastoria set more than 50,000 minks on the loose. The cost to the farm owners could pass euro1 million ($1.27 million).
    (AP, 8/30/10)

2010        Sep 8, In Australia a kangaroo was beaten to death with a metal pole in the Great Ot-way National Park in the southern state of Victoria. Three 8th grade pupils were later suspended from school as authorities investigated the beating.
    (AFP, 9/17/10)

2010        Sep 14, It was reported that only about 3,500 tigers worldwide were left in the wild, with less than a third of them breeding females. Most of the tigers were in India.
    (SFC, 9/15/10, p.A2)

2010        Sep 15, In Puerto Rico a man, accused of dragging a stubborn horse last February alongside his truck, became the first person convicted by a local jury under an animal protection law enacted after dogs were thrown to their deaths from a bridge. On Nov 17 Georgenan Lopez (24) received a 12-year prison sentence, becoming the first person convicted by a jury under the animal cruelty law implemented in August 2008.
    (AP, 9/16/10)(AP, 11/17/10)

2010        Sep 16, Australian scientists said they had made a breakthrough in the fight to save the cancer-hit Tasmanian devil by mapping the species' genome for the first time.
    (AFP, 9/16/10)

2010        Sep 21, A new report, "Mauritius: The trade in primates for research," said wild long-tailed monkeys sustain broken limbs and other injuries when trappers catch the primates and transfer them to breeding farms on the island nation of Mauritius. The report said Mauritius justifies the catching of wild monkeys on the grounds that the long-tailed macaque is not native, is a pest and is not deserving of conservation concerns.
    (AP, 9/21/10)
2010        Sep 21, South African police said 11 suspected members of an alleged rhino poaching syndicate have been arrested, as part of an ongoing investigation. The suspects included 2 veterinarians and a game farmer.
    (AFP, 9/21/10)(SFC, 9/23/10, p.A2)
2010        Sep 21, In New Zealand a pod of 74-80 pilot whales stranded themselves on a remote northern beach, the second time in a month that a mass beaching has happened in the region. 25 of the animals were already dead when officials arrived at Spirits Bay beach. Only 24 of the stranded whales survived.
    (AP, 9/22/10)(SFC, 9/23/10, p.A2)

2010        Sep 23, In eastern India a speeding freight train struck a herd of elephants overnight in a densely forested region, killing seven. India's wild elephant population was recently estimated at around 26,000.
    (AP, 9/23/10)

2010        Sep 24, Investigators of the Zimbabwe Conservation Task Force, who visited an animal reserve near the southern border town of Beit Bridge and the Limpopo river, reported that occupiers slaughtered 300 zebra for their skins in the last two months. 7 African antelope were killed this week.
    (AP, 9/24/10)

2010        Sep 29, In northwest Ireland managers at Anderson's Mink Farm said that many of their cages and fences were cut and opened over the weekend, freeing an estimated 5,000 animals into the wilds of County Donegal. About 28,000 others declined to bolt for freedom.
    (AP, 9/29/10)
2010        Sep 29, New Zealand rescuers cut free a humpback whale that had been entangled for at least two days in a heavy nylon rope that officials said would have caused its slow death.
    (AP, 9/29/10)

2010        Oct 5, South Africa launched a special wildlife crime unit to tackle a dramatic surge in rhino poaching driven by demand for the animal's horn in Asia for use in traditional medicines.
    (AFP, 10/5/10)

2010        Oct 6, Scientists unveiled a spectacular array of more than 200 new species discovered in the Pacific islands of Papua New Guinea, including a white-tailed mouse and a tiny, long-snouted frog.
    (AP, 10/6/10)
2010        Oct 6, In Malaysia a newborn baby died after being snatched by a monkey from her family's living room in Negri Sembilan state. Wildlife authorities fatally shot the monkey, which had remained near the house and might have been attracted by a female pet monkey the family kept in a cage.
    (AP, 10/7/10)

2010        Oct 9, It was reported that Madeleine Pickens, the wife of billionaire T. Boone Pickens, has acquired a Nevada ranch for use as a wild horse sanctuary, the Mustang Monument Pre-serve. The 14,000 acre property included grazing rights to 540,000 acres of public land. She was also said to be negotiating for and adjoining 4,000-acre ranch with grazing rights to 24,000 acres. She hoped to return all 34,000 in government funded holding facilities and pastures to their natural habitat.
    (SFC, 10/9/10, p.A7)

2010        Oct 12, In Japan residents of Taiji village, notorious for the dolphin hunt documented in the film "The Cove," slaughtered a pod of dolphins but spared the youngest animals.
    (AP, 10/12/10)

2010        Oct 13, In Brazil Milton Marcondes of the Humpback Whale Institute said at least 75 humpback whales have died in 2010. The previous high was 41 in 2007.
    (AP, 10/14/10)

2010        Oct 14, In Madagascar conservationists said a new species of carnivorous mammal, likely highly endangered, has been discovered in the wetlands of Lake Alaotra, the largest expanse of fresh water on the Indian Ocean island. It has been baptized Durrell's vontsira (Salanoia durelli) after the late British naturalist Gerald Durrell, who led conservation projects in Madagascar.
    (AFP, 10/15/10)

2010        Oct 22, A shark attack off the coast of Santa Barbara County, Ca., killed surfer Lucas Ransom (19).
    (SFC, 10/23/10, p.A12)
2010        Oct 22, In Canada Alberta Provincial Court Judge Ken Tjosvold found Syncrude, one of Canada's largest oil sands producers, guilty in the deaths of the 1,600 ducks in a toxic waste pond last June. Syncrude accepted the C$3 million sentencing proposal.
    (Reuters, 10/22/10)
2010        Oct 22, World Wildlife spokeswoman Marie von Zeipel, speaking at a seminar in Sweden, estimated that only 3,200 tigers remain in the wild and that this population would shrink 97% over the next 100 years.
    (SFC, 10/23/10, p.A2)
2010        Oct 22, Thai police raided a warehouse where wildlife smugglers were storing thousands of illegally collected reptiles for shipment overseas.
    (AP, 10/22/10)

2010        Oct 26, In Belize the body of Bruce Cullerton, an American who also held Belizean citizenship, was found. He had been killed by a 30-pound (59 kilogram) jaguar, that had escaped from its cage last week during Hurricane Richard. Max, the jaguar, was recaptured and euthanized On Oct 27.
    (AP, 10/27/10)

2010        Oct 27, Scientists said a new type of snub-nosed monkey has been found in a remote forested region of northern Myanmar, which is under threat from logging and a Chinese dam project.
    (Reuters, 10/27/10)

2010        Oct 30, In Japan representatives to a UN conference on biodiversity agreed to expand protected areas on land and at sea in the hopes of slowing the rate of extinction of the world’s animals and plant. Scientists have estimated that the Earth is losing species at 100 to 1,000 times the historical average.
    (SFC, 10/30/10, p.A2)

2010        Oct 31, In Kenya a suspected elephant poacher was killed on the outskirts of Meru National Park. 2 suspected poachers were killed last week in Tsavo National Park following the poaching deaths of 4 other elephants.
    (AP, 11/1/10)

2010        Oct 30, Zimbabwean businessman Peter Evershed (59) was mauled by five lions while showering under a tree at the Chitake Springs bush camp.
    (AP, 11/4/10)

2010        Nov 2, Missouri passed the Puppy Mill Cruelty Prevention Act. The state was home to 1,462 licensed commercial dog breeders.
    (Econ, 11/6/10, p.36)

2010        Nov 3, A federal judge in Reno ordered 6 months of prison time for 2 men who admitted to shooting wild horses while drinking and leaving them to die.
    (SFC, 11/4/10, p.A9)

2011        Nov 10, The Illinois Senate overrode Gov. Pat Quinn’s veto on a roadkill bill, House Bill 3178. The measure requires the scavenger to only harvest the animals during the legal hunting or trapping season, with the required stamps and permits. It allowed anyone with a state furbearer license to salvage pelts or even food from animals killed on the road.
    (SSFC, 1/8/12, p.A10)(http://tinyurl.com/73pcrm4)

2010        Nov 13, In Germany a fire at the Karlsruhe zoo killed 26 animals including Shetland ponies, goats, sheep and a llama.
    (AP, 11/13/10)

2010        Nov 19, South African officials said wildlife officials found the decomposing bodies of 18 rhinos, dehorned victims of poaching, on a private game preserve near Kruger National Park.
    (SFC, 11/20/10, p.A2)

2010        Nov 21, A global tiger summit meeting in St. Petersburg, Russia, approved a wide-ranging program with the goal of doubling the world's tiger population in the wild by 2022 backed by governments of the 13 countries that still have tiger populations: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam and Russia. Experts wild tigers could become extinct in 12 years if countries where they still roam fail to take quick action to protect their habitats and step up the fight against poaching.
    (AP, 11/21/10)

2010        Nov 26, Kenya’s Wildlife Service said its agents shot dead 2 suspected poachers shooting at a herd of elephants in a national park.
    (SFC, 11/27/10, p.A2)

2010        Nov 27, In France delegates at an Atlantic conservation conference in Paris took measures to protect sea turtles and several types of sharks. ICCAT members agreed to reduce the allowable Mediterranean and eastern Atlantic bluefin tuna catch to 12,900 tons from 13,500 tons. The allowable western Atlantic catch was reduced to 1,750 tons from 1,800, a level that American and Canadian fisherman already had been unable to meet due to stock decline.
    (AP, 11/27/10)(SSFC, 11/28/10, p.A10)

2010        Nov 26, In Indonesia 5 endangered Sumatran elephants were found dead in Riau province on Sumatra island. Conservationists suspected that farmers poisoned the animals to stop them from damaging crops.
    (AP, 11/28/10)

2010        Dec 4, A Nevada panel voted to establish the state’s first-ever bear hunting season. Some 200-300 lived along Nevada’s eastern Sierra.
    (SSFC, 12/5/10, p.A14)

2010        Dec 5, A shark tore the arm off an elderly German tourist at an Egyptian Red Sea resort, killing her almost immediately, only days after sharks badly mauled four other European tourists in the waters.
    (AP, 12/5/10)

2010        Dec 6, New Zealand officials attackers wielding bats or clubs slaughtered two dozen fur seals, including newborn pups, over several days at the Ohau Point colony, one of the country’s most popular sanctuaries for watching the animals. Oahu Point was only reoccupied for breeding in 1990, and about 600 fur seal pups were born there in 2004.
    (AP, 12/6/10)

2010        Dec 7, Hendrik Coetzee (35), an acclaimed South African outdoorsman, was dragged from his craft by a crocodile on the Lukuga River in Congo. 2 Americans watched, horrified, and paddled to safety. Coetzee was leading a kayaking expedition from the source of the White Nile into Congo.
    (AP, 12/9/10)

2010        The Missouri Department of Corrections established a Puppies for Parole program in which inmates train animals with behavioral or other issues that make them difficult to adopt. Inmates managed to train deaf dogs to respond to hand signals.
    (Reuters, 2/9/11)(http://doc.mo.gov/documents/dai/PuppiesForParole_flyer.pdf)
2010        South Africa lost 333 rhinos to poaching in 2010, the highest number ever recorded and almost triple the previous year's losses.
    (AP, 1/12/11)
2010        Vietnam wiped out its own last known Javan rhinoceros despite efforts to protect it. The last of the population was found dead in a national park, shot through the leg with its horn hacked off. Illegal rhino killings in South Africa skyrocketed, from 122 in 2009 to 333 in 2010 and a record 448 in 2011. By 2012 crushed rhino horn powder fetched up to $55,000 per kg in Asia ($25,000 per pound).
    (AFP, 4/4/12)

2010-2012 In Tanzania the number of elephants at the Selous Game Reserve droped from 40,000 to 13,000 during this period. In 2014 it was reported that more than 100,000 African elephants had been killed during this period for their tusks.
    (SFC, 8/23/14, p.A2)

2011        Jan 1, In Arkansas some 3,000 red-winged blackbirds died and fell from the sky over a 1-mile area of Beebe. The Arkansas Game and Fish Commission said that it began receiving reports about the dead birds about 11:30 p.m. the previous night.
    (AP, 1/2/11)(AP, 1/2/11)(SFC, 1/4/11, p.A5)

2011        Jan 4, Officials in Louisiana said 500 birds were discovered dead, shortly after thousands of birds were discovered dead in neighboring Arkansas.
    (AFP, 1/5/11)

2011        Jan 5, In Japan a giant bluefin tuna fetched a record 32.49 million yen, or nearly $396,000, in Tokyo, in the first auction of the year at the world's largest wholesale fish market.
    (AP, 1/5/11)
2011        Jan 5, Swedish officials said 50 to 100 jackdaw birds, a type of crow. were found lying in a snow-covered street in the southwestern town of Falkoeping.
    (AFP, 1/5/11)

2011        Jan 8, An Italian association for bird protection said that over 700 dead birds have been picked up since Jan. 1 from the streets of Faenza, about 30 miles (50 km) southeast of Bologna. They appeared to have overeaten sunflower seeds, which damage their livers and kidneys. The seeds were mostly waste from a nearby oil factory.
    (AP, 1/8/11)

2011        Jan 11, German authorities ordered 140 pigs slaughtered after tests showed high levels of cancer-causing dioxin in swine at a farm near Verden that purchased tainted animal feed.
    (SFC, 1/12/11, p.A2)

2011        Jan 14, In Tennessee an 8,000-pound elephant named Edie (26) backed  Knoxville zoo trainer Stephanie James (33) into a wall and crushed her to death.
    (Reuters, 1/16/11)

2011        Jan 17, Japanese researchers said they will launch a project this year to resurrect the long-extinct mammoth by using cloning technology to bring the ancient pachyderm back to life in around five years time.
    (AP, 1/17/11)

2011        Jan 20, Dubai media reported that undercover agents have wrapped up a real sting operation, finding devices that delivered electric shocks to camels to make them run faster in races. Small vibrating robot "jockeys" were being used atop camels for racing in the United Arab Emirates.
    (AP, 1/20/11)

2011        Jan 20, WWF officials said Gabon has arrested five people, four Nigerians and a woman from Benin. who were found with the heads of 12 chimpanzees and an endangered gorilla. The seizure was the largest of its kind in a decade.
    (AP, 1/21/11)

2011        Jan 25, Zimbabwe's wildlife chief said poachers are using aircraft to hunt and kill rhinoceros as demand in Asia for their horns' supposed medicinal benefits grows.
    (AP, 1/25/11)

2011        Jan 27, The European Commission launched legal action against Sweden for allowing hunters to shoot 20 wolves this year even though the species is threatened with extinction.
    (AFP, 1/27/11)

2011        Jan 31, Pakistan wildlife authorities said they have found the carcasses of six endangered river dolphins in Pakistan over the last month. Sindh Wildlife Department deputy head Ghulam Mohammad accused local fisherman, saying their poison and nets were to blame for the deaths of the blind Indus River Dolphin. A 2006 survey put the number left at 1,300.
    (AP, 1/31/11)

2011        Feb 4, In New Zealand rescuers struggled to save scores of pilot whales after 80 beached themselves. 14 died and others were not expected to last the night. 66 survivors of the pod freed themselves and swam back to sea during a late night high tide.
    (AP, 2/4/11)(AP, 2/5/11)

2011        Feb 5, In northern Mexico Serengeti Zoo owner Alberto Hernandez said 14 parrots, 13 serpents, five iguanas, two crocodiles and a capuchin monkey died after power failures cut off electrical heating at the zoo in the town of Aldama, Chihuahua state.
    (AP, 2/6/11)

2011        Feb 6, In South Africa game park rangers shot and killed 3 suspected rhinoceros poachers in confrontations in Kruger National Park. A 4th poacher was killed a day earlier in a KwaZulu-Natal park.
    (AP, 2/7/11)
2011        Feb 6, Zimbabwe state media reported that the nation’s ivory stockpile has rocketed to 42,000 kilos up from a previous record of 29,000, but the country cannot sell it due to a ban. It reportedly costs Zimbabwe $13 million annually to secure the stockpile, valued at $10 million.
    (AFP, 2/6/11)

2011        Feb 9, Indonesia's biggest palm oil producer pledged to follow new standards to protect carbon-rich forests and peatlands, in a move cautiously welcomed by environmentalists including Greenpeace. A suspect was arrested in his Jakarta art shop during a raid carried out by police and forestry officials for allegedly using the Internet to sell hundreds of illegal wildlife parts, from ivory and tiger skins to the teeth of the world's smallest bears.
    (AFP, 2/9/11)(AP, 2/17/11)

2011        Feb 11, Canada asked the World Trade Organization to set up a panel to resolve its dispute with the European Union over the EU's ban on trade in seal products.
    (Reuters, 2/11/11)

2011        Feb 15, Kyrgyzstan officials say budgetary constraints are forcing them to shoot an estimated 10,000 stray dogs in Bishkek rather than build shelters for them.
    (AP, 2/15/11)

2011        Feb 16, A government official said Japan, as of Feb 10, has temporarily suspended its annual Antarctic whaling after repeated harassment by a conservationist group.
    (AP, 2/16/11)

2011        Feb 17, An Australian diver was killed by sharks in south Australia, in only the second fatal shark attack in Australian waters in more than two years.
    (AP, 2/17/11)

2011        Feb 20, In New Zealand a pod of 107 pilot whales were found stranded on a remote New Zealand beach. All members of the pod died, including 48 that were euthanized.
    (AP, 2/21/11)

2011        Feb 25, Panama customs director Gloria Moreno de Lopez said that nearly a half ton (421 kilos) shark fins were found at Panama's international airport in a shipment labeled as dried fish. She says the container originated in Ecuador and was bound for New York City.
    (AP, 2/26/11)
2011        Feb 25, Thai authorities displayed a ton of illicitly smuggled African elephant ivory and rhino horns seized at Bangkok's airport, a haul described as a victory for better international intelligence sharing among wildlife officials.
    (AP, 2/25/11)

2011        Mar 2, The US Fish and Wildlife Service declared the eastern cougar to be extinct, confirming a widely held belief among wildlife biologists that native populations of the big cat were wiped out by man a century ago.
    (AP, 3/2/11)

2011        Mar 3, Mexican agricultural officials say they have euthanized 114 peacocks, ostriches and other birds at a zoo due to an avian virus.
    (AP, 3/4/11)

2011        Mar 4, Mankind may have unleashed the sixth known mass extinction in Earth's history, according to a paper released by the science journal Nature. In the last five centuries, at least 80 out of 5,570 mammal species have bitten the dust, providing a clear warning of the peril to biodiversity.
    (AFP, 3/4/11)
2011        Mar 4, A US Navy training exercise off the coast of San Diego led to the death of at least 3 dolphins and prompted a probe into whether the military violated a federal law protecting marine mammals.
    (SSFC, 3/27/11, p.A10)

2011        Mar 8, In southern California hundreds of thousands, possibly millions, of sardines floated dead in the King Harbor area of Redondo Beach. Authorities said a storm had chased the sardines toward shore where they died due to a lack of oxygen. The millions of sardines  soon tested positive for domoic acid, a powerful neurotoxin. This acid is often found in the stomach of fish that have been feeding on plankton during toxic algae blooms.
    (SFC, 3/9/11, p.A9)(AP, 3/12/11)

2011        Mar 9, In Australia Todd Bairstow (28) was fishing with his dog at a creek near the town of Weipa in northern Queensland when a four-meter (13-feet) saltwater crocodile lunged at him and tried to drag him under the water. The crocodile only retreated after Bairstow's friend heard his screams from the nearby pub and helped beat off the predator.
    (AP, 3/11/11)

2011        Mar 16, The Malta-registered MS Olivia was grounded on Nightingale Island in the Tristan da Cunha chain. All 22 crew were rescued by 17th March. The ship broke in two and some 20,000 penguins became coated in oil. There was a risk rats from the ship could come ashore and eat the chicks and eggs of native seabirds.
    (AP, 3/22/11)(www.tristandc.com/newsmsoliva.php)

2011        Mar 17, In Australia a pod of long-finned pilot whales beached themselves at Bruny Island, south of the Tasmanian state capital Hobart. 21 whales died but 11 were saved.
    (AP, 3/18/11)

2011        Mar 18, US wildlife advocates and the Dept. of Interior reached an agreement to lift gray wolf protections in Montana and Idaho and allow hunting of the predators to resume.
    (SFC, 3/19/11, p.A5)

2011        Mar 19, In Germany Knut, a four-year-old celebrity bear, died in front of hundreds of visitors, taking keepers, animal experts and fans by surprise.
    (AP, 3/20/11)

2011        Mar 23, Scientists warned that up to 45 rare species of wallaby, bandicoot and other Australian animals could become extinct within 20 years unless urgent action is taken to control introduced predators and other threats.
    (AP, 3/23/11)

2011        Mar 25, A global network of conservationists said Africa's rhinos face their worst poaching crisis in decades with organized crime syndicates killing more than 800 in the past three years alone.
    (AP, 3/25/11)

2011        Mar 28, Australia's annual cane toad cull was declared a success by organizers who said that more than 14,000 of the noxious pests had perished as a result. The number of cane toads across Australia is estimated to have ballooned to more than 200 million since being introduced from Brazil in the 1930s to control scarab beetles infesting the country's sugar cane.
    (AFP, 3/28/11)

2011        Mar 29, Thailand police raided secret ivory carving workshops in central in Nakorn Sawan province, seizing an allegedly illegal haul of elephant and walrus tusks.
    (AP, 3/30/11)

2011        Mar 30, A new study in the journal Conservation Letters by an American and Canadian research team suggested that the discovery of more than 100 dead dolphins on Gulf of Mexico shores likely reflects only a small fraction of the total killed by the BP oil spill last year.
    (AFP, 3/30/11)

2011        Mar 30, Thailand confiscated two tons of African elephant tusks worth millions of dollars being smuggled through a Bangkok port. This was the country's largest ivory seizure.
    (AP, 4/1/11)

2011        Apr 7, Thailand authorities seized 1,800 Bengal monitor lizards being smuggled on pickup trucks to the capital. Their meat could sell for $7.50-$15 per pound ($16-$33 per kg) in China, making them worth more than $60,000.
    (AP, 4/8/11)

2011        Apr 14, Russia was reported to have banned the hunting of polar bears this year, thanks to a group with close ties to Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, a longtime defender of large endangered animals.
    (AP, 4/14/11)

2011        Apr 14, In Vietnam authorities in the central Quang Nam province agreed to set up the reserve dedicated to the secretive saola, a relative of antelopes and cattle and one of the world's rarest animals, which was only discovered in 1992. This was the second Sao La conservation zone in Vietnam, after the first one located at the Bach Ma National Park in the central province of Thua Thien-Hue.
    (AFP, 4/18/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3u3l889)

2011        Apr 24, In New Mexico Margaret Salcedo (48) was mauled to death by a pack of four pit bulls in the town of Truth or Consequences.
    (Reuters, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 24, Turkmenistan culminated a weekend horse show with opening of the four new lavish race tracks. The country boasted around 3,000 Akhal-Teke horses, of which 500 are owned by the President Gurbanguli  Berdymukhamedov.
    (AP, 4/24/11)

2011        Apr, In Chad at least 30 elephants were poached this month.
    (Econ, 5/21/11, p.56)

2011        May 4, The US Interior Dept. declared wolves fully recovered in most of the Northern Rockies, opening the door for hunts in the Fall.
    (SFC, 5/5/11, p.A7)
2011        May 4, A Gervais beaked whale washed up on the southeastern coast of Puerto Rico. A necropsy of the whale found more than 10 pounds (4.5 kg) of twisted plastic inside its stomach.
    (AP, 5/7/11)
2011        May 4, Ukrainian prosecutors said they have opened a criminal investigation against the former head of the Kiev Zoo, where hundreds of animals have died or gone mysteriously missing in recent years. Svitlana Berzina was suspected of embezzling some $47,000 (euro32,000) from the zoo by commissioning projects that weren't fully carried out, if at all. Berzina was fired last year after nearly one-half of the zoo's animals either died or disappeared.
    (AP, 5/4/11)

2011        May 5, In Vietnam customs officials intercepted 661 pounds (300 kg) of smuggled African elephant tusks from Tanzania at a northern port city.
    (AP, 5/6/11)

2011        May 6, Kenyan authorities said they have seized the tusks of 58 elephants, totaling one ton of ivory, after sniffer dogs led investigators to containers at the country's main airport that were bound for Nigeria.
    (AP, 5/6/11)

2011        May 13, In Thailand authorities at Bangkok's international airport arrested a first-class passenger whose suitcases were filled with baby leopards, panthers, a bear and monkeys. The animals had been drugged and were headed for Dubai.
    (AP, 5/13/11)

2011        May 15, In China a one dog per family policy went into effect in Beijing.
    (SSFC, 5/15/11, p.A5)

2011        May 21, It was reported that a mutated form of equine herpes virus-1  has killed at least 7 horses and sickened another 37 in 8 states including 14 in California.
    (SFC, 5/21/11, p.D1)
2011        May 21, Thailand police arrested a man suspected of being a key player in one of Thailand's largest tiger trafficking rings.
    (AP, 5/22/11)

2011        May 24, In India representatives of eight countries with large wild elephant populations pledged to eradicate poaching of the animals and smuggling of ivory to ensure their survival for future generations. The "Elephant 8 Ministerial Meet" included officials from Thailand, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, India, Botswana, Congo, Kenya and Tanzania.
    (AP, 5/24/11)

2011        May, Ecuador banned bullfighting in which bull dies after five centuries of tradition.
    (SSFC, 7/3/11, p.A4)

2011        Jun 1, In Thailand customs authorities found 431 turtles and other rare reptiles stuffed into four suitcases and smuggled into the Bangkok airport.
    (AP, 6/2/11)

2011        Jun 7, Authorities in Uruguay remained puzzled by the fact that more than 600 dead penguins had washed up on the shores at La Paloma and Piriapolils since the weekend. Marine biologists were trying to determine why such a large number of penguins were found dead.
            (AP, 6/7/11)

2011        Jun 9, California officials reported that giant Central Valley water pumps killed 6 million young splittail fish last month and tens of thousands of imperiled chinook salmon since October.
    (SFC, 6/9/11, p.A1)
2011        Jun 9, It was announced that the world’s wealthiest dog has died. Trouble, the pet of billionaire hotel tycoon Leona Helmsley, died at age 12. Helmsley provoked controversy when she cut several of her grandchildren from her will and left the money for the care and maintenance of her pet Maltese.  The money will now go into the Helmsley Charitable Trust.
    (NYT, 6/9/11)
2011        Jun 9, Indian news reported that 2 wild elephants killed a man and injured other people in Myysore.
    (SFC, 6/9/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 10, Officials from NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) were trying to find the person who has been shooting and killing gray seals. In the past month, five adult seals, all with gunshot wounds to the head, have been found dead on Cape Cod (MA) beaches.     
         (Boston Globe, 6/10/11)(New Bedford MA Standard-Times, 6/10/11)

2011           Jun 11, A 140 lb. male mountain lion was struck by an SUV on a highway in Milford, CT. The driver was unhurt but the mountain lion died from its injuries. Since mountain lions are not native to Connecticut, officials from the Department of Environmental Protection believed the animal had been held in captivity and then escaped from its owner.
          (Hartford Courant, 6/11/11)(Reuters, 6/12/11)

2011        Jun 28, The Dutch parliament agreed with the Dutch Party for the Animals (pvdD) and passed a bill banning the slaughter of livestock without stunning it first, removing an exemption that has allowed Jews and Muslims to butcher animals according to centuries old dietary rules.
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)(Econ, 12/21/13, p.80)
2011        Jun 28, The UN officially declared that the rinderpest disease has been wiped off the face of the Earth. The UN program to eradicate the animal disease began in 1945 and cost some $5 billion.
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.A4)

2011        Jun, Scientists from the Philippines and the California Academy of Sciences completed a 6-week study of the island of Luzon and discovered over 3000 new species of land animals, plants and deep sea creatures.
    (SFC, 6/25/11, p.A8)

2011        Jul 1, In Indonesia an 18-month-old Sumatran tiger died seven days after it fell into a trap and within three hours of being tranquilized by local conservation officials. The trap was on the border of an acacia forest and an APP logging concession. Estimates of the number of Sumatran tigers remaining in the world range from 300 to 400.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 1, In Italy a horse smashed into a barrier and died during training for a famed race around Sienna’s cobblestone piazza, leading to calls from animal rights groups for a suspension of the risky bareback contest. Some 50 horses have died since 1970.
    (AP, 7/2/11)

2011        Jul 4, The WWF said South Africa lost 193 rhinos in the first six months of the year, with 126 of them killed in Kruger National Park.
    (AFP, 7/4/11)

2011        Jul 5, The Bahamas banned commercial fishing of sharks, awarding protection to the more than 40 species circling the island chain that touts itself as the shark diving capital of the world. The ban applies to an estimated 243,000 square miles (630,000 square km) of water surrounding the archipelago.
    (AP, 7/6/11)

2011        Jul 6, In Wyoming a female grizzly bear attacked and killed a man who encountered the bruin and her cubs while he was hiking with his wife in Yellowstone National Park.
    (Reuters, 7/6/11)

2011        Jul 7, The journal Current Biology reported that all polar bears today have descended from one female brown bear in Ireland between 20,000 and 50,000 years ago.
    (SFC, 7/8/11, p.A6)

2011        Jul 9, An Indian wildlife official said 3 wild elephants were electrocuted after they toppled a high-tension electricity line near Dudhwa National Park, Uttar Pradesh state.
    (AFP, 7/9/11)

2011        Jul 20, Kenyan authorities burned five tons of contraband elephant ivory in hopes of raising awareness about rising levels of poaching. Africa had 1.3 million elephants in the 1970s but only 500,000 remained today.
    (AP, 7/20/11)

2011        Jul 21, Ecuadoran authorities said they have seized 357 dead sharks from a boat fishing illegally in the protected waters off the Galapagos Islands.
    (SFC, 7/22/11, p.A2)

2011        Jul 23, Rescuers in Scotland said they have guided 44 pilot whales stranded in an estuary back to sea, but 25 other whales from the pod did not survive the incident and died.
    (AP, 7/23/11)

2011        Aug 3, Conservationists urged Malaysia to impose a national ban on the trade and consumption of turtle eggs to ensure the survival of the marine creatures. Turtles once arrived in their thousands to lay eggs on Malaysian beaches but are now increasingly rare due to poaching and coastal development.
    (AFP, 8/3/11)

2011        Aug 5, In the Norwegian Arctic archipelago of Svalbard a polar bear mauled one person to death and left four other members of a British youth expeditions group seriously injured.
    (AFP, 8/5/11)

2011        Aug 9, In Sri Lanka wildlife groups announced they were withdrawing their support for an elephant count after Wildlife Minister S.M. Chandransena was quoted as saying 300 young elephants will be captured and handed over to Buddhist temples after the census. The groups had agreed to deploy about 200 volunteers to help the Wildlife Department count the animals.
    (AP, 8/9/11)

2011        Aug 11, Brazilian police arrested seven people and seized more than 2,600 animals in a 2-day crackdown on the illegal trafficking of wild animals. The watchdog group Renctas says about 15% of the $10 billion to $20 billion global illegal animal trade takes place in Brazil.
    (AP, 8/11/11)
2011        Aug 11, Sri Lanka closed all its national parks to tourists for a 3-day census of elephants. Officials believed the Sri Lanka elephant population to be 5,000 to 6,000, down from an estimated 10,000 to 15,000 in the early 1900s.
    (AP, 8/12/11)

2011        Aug 26, The UN wildlife trade regulator said it was lifting its 2005 suspension on wildlife commerce with Nigeria, citing the country's improved efforts to combat illegal trade.
    (AFP, 8/26/11)

2011        Sep 2, In Zimbabwe an independent conservation group said a new influx of settlers at a nature preserve in the southeast is destroying the sanctuary of at least 70 elephants.
    (AP, 9/2/11)

2011        Sep 3, In the Philippines villagers and veteran hunters in Bunawan township in Agusan del Sur province captured a one-ton saltwater crocodile which they plan to make the star of a planned ecotourism park.
    (AP, 9/5/11)

2011        Sep 6, Indian PM Manmohan Singh arrived in the Bangladeshi capital Dhaka on an official visit aimed at boosting the sometimes fraught relations between India and its smaller Muslim-majority neighbor. Bangladesh and India signed two deals to tackle poaching of critically-endangered Bengal tigers from the world's largest mangrove forest.
    (AFP, 9/6/11)(AFP, 9/7/11)
2011        Sep 6, Thailand authorities arrested two men in the northeast for trying to smuggle more 120 dogs into Vietnam to be sold for human consumption. 31 of the dogs were dead.
    (AP, 9/6/11)

2011        Sep 13, A Sri Lankan minister led a protest march that forced organizers to abandon an annual Hindu sacrifice ritual in which hundreds of goats were due to slaughtered. The grisly ritual, in which goats are decapitated in public using a large hatchet, was first banned in the 1980s but was revived as locals believe the animals' blood grants favors from the gods.
    (AFP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 15, Japan's Fisheries Agency said that its fleet has harvested 49 minke, 95 sei and 50 Bryde's whales and one sperm whale during its three-month Pacific expedition.
    (AP, 9/15/11)

2011        Sep 16, The US National Marine Fisheries Service moved the loggerhead turtle population of in the North Pacific from threatened to endangered.
    (SFC, 9/17/11, p.C2)
2011        Sep 16, In Montana Ty Bell and Steve Stevenson were on a black bear hunting trip with two other people along the Montana-Idaho border when they were attacked by a grizzly bear they had wounded. Stevenson died of a single gunshot to the chest as Bell tried to kill the bear.
    (AP, 9/23/11)

2011        Sep 19, Zimbabwe's wildlife authority said poachers have begun poisoning watering holes, killing nine elephants and at least five lions in recent weeks.
    (AP, 9/19/11)

2011        Sep 25, Spain's powerful northeastern region of Catalonia bid farewell to the country's emblematic tradition of bullfighting with a final bash at the Barcelona bullring. A regional ban on the bloody pastime takes effect Jan. 1, 2012.
    (AP, 9/25/11)
2011        Sep 25, Thailand authorities rescued nearly 100 endangered pangolins, scaly anteaters worth about $32,000, that they say were to be sold and eaten outside the country.
    (AP, 9/26/11)

2011        Sep 28, Officials said South Africa and Vietnam have launched talks toward an agreement to curb rhino poaching, which has soared in recent years driven by booming demand in Asia.
    (AFP, 9/28/11)

2011        Sep 30, In Connecticut a 20-month-old girl died after being attacked by as many as three pit bulls inside an apartment house in West Haven. The dogs were euthanized.
    (Reuters, 10/1/11)

2011        Sep, A Florida homeowner first spotted a giant African land snail. By 2013 more than 1,000 of the mollusks were being caught each week in Miami-Dade and 117,000 in total since the first spotting. A typical snail can produce about 1,200 eggs a year and the creatures are a particular pest in homes because of their fondness for stucco, devoured for the calcium content they need for their shells.
    (Reuters, 4/14/13)
2011        Sep, A mammoth was excavated from the Siberian permafrost after it was found by a Russian boy named Jenya (11). In 2012 scientists suggested that the mammoth might have been killed by human hunters 20-30 thousand years ago.
    (SFC, 10/6/12, p.A4)

2011        Oct 7, California’s Gov. Jerry Brown signed measures to ban the importation, possession and sale of shark fins. The importation ban begins in January, but sale and use will continue to July 2013.
    (SFC, 10/8/11, p.A1)
2011        Oct 7, Spanish bullfighter Juan Jose Padilla (39) was pinned to the ground and gored by a bull in Zaragoza. He is likely to suffer facial paralysis and lose the sight in one eye after a terrifying goring.
    (AP, 10/8/11)

2011        Oct 10, In Australia Bryn Martin (64) disappeared while swimming toward a buoy off Perth city's central Cottesloe Beach. Officials suspected that a shark attack killed Martin.
    (AP, 10/10/11)

2011        Oct 18, In Ohio sheriff's deputies shot 48 animals, including 18 rare Bengal tigers and 17 lions, after Terry Thompson, owner of the private Muskingum County Animal Farm near Zanesville, threw their cages open and then committed suicide.
    (AP, 10/20/11)

2011        Oct 22, Off southwest Australia a great white shark killed an American recreational diver in a third fatality in recent weeks.
    (AP, 10/22/11)

2011        Oct 26, A high-end jewelry manufacturer in the US Virgin Islands was ordered to forfeit thousands of pounds (kg) of protected black coral and pay a $1.8 million fine for trading in it. Gem Manufacturing Inc. pleaded guilty to seven counts of violating the Endangered Species Act and the Lacey Act.
    (AP, 10/26/11)

2011        Oct 31, Bangladesh wildlife officials said Bangladesh will declare three river areas in its southwest as dolphin sanctuaries, in a bid to protect the country's population of endangered freshwater cetaceans.
    (AFP, 10/31/11)

2011        Nov 3, Wildlife group WWF said rhino poaching in South Africa has hit a new record high, with 341 of the animals lost to poachers so far this year as black-market demand for rhino horn soars.
    (AFP, 11/3/11)
2011        Nov 3, In Vietnam an Interpol meeting in Hanoi unveiled a campaign to help save the world's last wild tigers in the 13 Asian countries where they still exist, winning praise from conservationists.
    (AP, 11/3/11)

2011        Nov 10, The International Union for Conservation of Nature said the Western Black Rhino of Africa has been declared officially extinct. The Javan Rhino was said to be "probably extinct" in Vietnam, after poachers killed the last animal there in 2010. A small but declining population of the Javan Rhino still survived on the Indonesian island of Java.
    (AP, 11/10/11)

2011        Nov 12, In Australia 22 sperm whales and 2 minke whales died after getting stranded near Ocean Beach, Tasmania. Rescuers over the next 2 days saved two huge sperm whales stranded at Macquarie Harbor. Another died and a 4th remained stranded as weather worsened.
    (AFP, 11/14/11)(AP, 11/15/11)

2011        Nov 14, It was reported that villagers living on the Indonesian side of Borneo killed at least 750 endangered orangutans in a year, some to protect crops from being raided and others for their meat, a new survey shows. The information was based on interviews with 6983 people between April 2008 and September 2009.
    (AP, 11/14/11)

2011        Nov 15, Hong Kong customs officers intercepted a record haul of 33 rhino horns, 758 ivory chopsticks and 127 bracelets hidden inside a container shipped from South Africa.
    (AFP, 11/16/11)
2011        Nov 15, New Zealand conservation officials euthanized 18 beached pilot whales following a mass stranding on a South Island beach that left a total of 65 whales dead.
    (SFC, 11/16/11, p.A2)

2011        Nov 18, US Congress lifted a 5-year-old ban on funding horse meat inspections in a spending bill Pres. Obama signed into law to keep the government afloat until mid-December. The last US slaughterhouse that butchered horses closed in 2007 in Illinois. Animal welfare activists have warned of massive public outcry in any town where a slaughterhouse may open.
    (AP, 11/30/11)

2011        Nov 19, In Turkey delegates at an international conservation meeting agreed on a measure mandating that silky sharks accidentally caught in fishing gear be released back into the sea alive. The 48-member International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) failed to reach consensus on other threatened shark species. To fight illegal fishing, ICCAT members decided that vessels measuring 12 meters or more, instead of the previous 20 meters or more, would be inspected on arrival to port.
    (AP, 11/19/11)

2011        Nov 22, Romanian lawmakers voted to make it legal to euthanize the thousands of stray dogs that roam the country's streets, angering animal rights activists who have lobbied for months to stop the measure. The law will allow officials to round up homeless dogs from the street, hold them in shelters for 30 days and then have them killed. President Traian Basescu was expected to sign the law.
    (AP, 11/22/11)

2011        Nov 23, Indonesian police said they have arrested two plantation workers for killing 20 endangered orangutans and other apes as pest control for palm oil companies. They were paid one million rupiah ($111) for each dead orangutan and 200,000 rupiah for every monkey killed.
    (AFP, 11/23/11)
2011        Nov 23, Zimbabwe wildlife authorities said at least 77 elephants have died in a three-month heat wave in western Hwange National Park that has dried up watering holes.
    (AP, 11/23/11)

2011        Nov, Maria Assunta (94) left a $13 million fortune to her beloved kitty Tommaso when she died two weeks ago. The feline's newfound riches include cash, as well as properties in Rome, Milan and land in Calabria.
    (ABCNews, 12/12/11)

2011        Dec 6, Animal Asia, an animal protection group, said 14 Asiatic black bears have been rescued from a bear bile farm in Vietnam after their owner decided to renounce the illegal trade.
    (AFP, 12/6/11)
2011        Dec 6, The South African national Parks authority said rhino poaching has climbed to a record for a 2nd year. As many as 405 rhinos have been killed so far this year, 22% more than in 2010.
    (SFC, 12/7/11, p.A2)

2011        Dec 7, In Argentina Czech national Karel Abelovsky (51) was nabbed for trying to board a transatlantic flight with 247 live animals including poisonous snakes and endangered reptiles packed in a bulging suitcase.
    (AFP, 12/26/11)

2011        Dec 8, Researchers at the Univ. of Chicago reported experiments demonstrating that a rat would free a fellow rat trapped in a restrictive cage even without a payoff, indicating empathy and selfless behavior.
    (SFC, 12/9/11, p.A16)

2011        Dec 12, In Utah some 4000-5000 migratory birds, eared grebes, were killed or injured after apparently mistaking a Wal-Mart parking lot, football fields and other snow-covered areas of southern Utah for bodies of water and plummeting to the ground in what one state wildlife expert called the worst mass bird crash she'd ever seen. A high-profile crash in Arkansas in January killed about 4,500 birds, mainly red-winged blackbirds.
    (AP, 12/14/11)

2011        Dec 22, Kenyan authorities said they have seized 727 pieces of ivory in a container at the main port of Mombasa in one of the largest hauls of tusks in recent years. The items were wrapped in plastic bags in a container which documents said was destined for Dubai.
    (AFP, 12/22/11)

2011        Dec 24, In Indonesia a rampaging wild elephant trampled a farmer to death on Sumatra island. Only 3,000 Sumatran elephants are believed to remain in the wild.
    (AP, 12/25/11)

2011        Dec 25, Anti-whaling activists intercepted Japan's harpoon fleet far north of Antarctic waters, with the help of a military-style drone.
    (AFP, 12/25/11)

2011        Dec 31, Police in Beebe, Arkansas, said dozens of blackbirds had fallen dead, prompting officers to ban residents from shooting fireworks. Thousands of dead blackbirds rained down on the town in central Arkansas last New Year's Eve after revelers set off fireworks.
    (AP, 1/1/12)

2011        West Virginia began field trails on a vaccine to stop the spread of rabies. Marshmallow-flavored packets of ONRAB, designed to be eaten by raccoons, skunks and other furry creatures, were dropped from aircraft.
    (Econ, 9/14/13, p.32)
2011        The group Stop Rhino Poaching estimated that 446 rhinos were killed in South Africa this year, a sharp jump from the 13 lost in 2007, 83 in 2008, 122 in 2009 and 333 in 2010.
    (AFP, 1/3/12)

2012        Jan 4, Anti-whaling activists claimed a small victory in their Antarctic campaign with the discovery of a Japanese harpoon ship.
    (AFP, 1/4/12)

2012        Jan 5, In Japan a deep-pocketed restaurateur shelled out nearly $750,000 for a tuna at the Tsukiji fish market, smashing the record price for a single bluefin.
    (AFP, 1/5/12)
2012        Jan 5, Thai wildlife officials said body parts from a dead wild elephant, found on Jan 2 without its tusks, tail and penis, were likely destined for restaurants in tourist areas. The creature, which was discovered in Kaeng Krachan National Park near the Myanmar border.
    (AFP, 1/5/12)

2012        Jan 6, In New Zealand 7 long-finned pilot whales died after being beached. Rescuers the next day were confident they had saved 18 others.
    (AP, 1/7/12)

2012        Jan 7, Sri Lanka media said a moratorium on killing stray dogs has been lifted as the government attempts to cut down on the 2,000 people that are hospitalized every day after being bitten.
    (AFP, 1/7/12)

2012        Jan 8, In California animal rights arsonists destroyed 14 cattle trucks at the Harris Ranch of I-5.
    (SFC, 1/11/12, p.C3)
2012        Jan 8, Wildlife officials said white-tailed deer populations in parts of eastern Montana and elsewhere in the Northern Plains could take years to recover from a devastating disease that killed thousands of the animals in recent months. The deaths were attributed to an outbreak of epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD), transmitted by biting midges.
    (AP, 1/8/12)

2012        Jan 10, South African rangers found eight dead rhinos that had been stripped of their horns, an unprecedented one-day toll, in Kruger National Park.
    (AP, 1/11/12)

2012        Jan 11, In South Africa 2 suspected rhino poachers were shot dead by rangers in Kruger National Park, a day after eight dehorned carcasses were found there.
    (AFP, 1/11/12)
2012        Jan 11, In Zimbabwe 3 suspects appeared in court in Harare accused of murder and of possessing rhino horn worth $120,000 found in a vehicle still registered to Sessel Zvidzai, deputy local government minister in the former opposition party. The next day Zvidzai expressed surprise and said that he sold the truck two years ago.
    (AP, 1/12/12)

2012        Jan 12, A Thai navy patrol caught a gang of dog smugglers on the shore of the Mekong River in Nakhon Phanom province. At least 750 dogs were to be transported through Laos to Vietnam, where dog meat is a delicacy.
    (AP, 1/12/12)

2012        Jan 19, In eastern Indonesia a crocodile swallowed a 10-year-old girl while she played in the Wailolong river with her father, the second death in the same place in two months.
    (AFP, 1/19/12)

2012        Jan 20, US federal regulators designated nearly 42,000 square miles of ocean along the West Coast as critical habitat for the endangered Pacific leatherback turtle.
    (SFC, 1/21/12, p.A1)

2012        Jan 21, In New Jersey a fire destroyed a barn in Lafayette killing 22 valuable show horses.
    (SSFC, 1/22/12, p.A7)
2012        Jan 21, In eastern Spain a flaming-horned bull trampled and fatally gored a man during a festival in Navajas. Catalonia had legislation protecting flaming bulls, despite a ban that took effect on Jan 1.
    (AP, 1/21/12)

2012        Jan 24, In New Zealand a mass-stranding of whales left 36 of the creatures dead and threatened 40 more. 99 pilot whales had stranded themselves a day earlier on Farewell Spit on the South Island.
    (AP, 1/24/12)

2012        Jan 26, A Thailand wildlife official said a worrisome new practice of Thais consuming elephant meat could threaten the national animal with extinction. Thailand's elephant population was under 3,000 wild elephants, plus some 4,000 domesticated.
    (AP, 1/26/12)

2012        Jan 27, In India a leopard badly mauled two people including a pregnant woman after straying into Guwahati, the largest city in northeast Assam state. It was the third such attack there in as many weeks.
    (AFP, 1/27/12)
2012        Jan 27, The Rwandan government said it will increase the cost of a permit to track the endangered mountain gorillas, the country's main tourist attraction, to $750 from $500 starting June 1. The permit allows visitors to spend around one hour observing the primates, estimated to total just 790 worldwide.
    (AP, 1/27/12)

2012        Jan 28, Bird enthusiasts were reporting rising numbers of snowy owls from the Arctic winging into the lower 48 states this winter in a mass southern migration.
    (Reuters, 1/28/12)

2012        Jan 30, A new study said a burgeoning population of huge pythons, many of them pets that were turned loose by their owners when they got too big, appears to be wiping out large numbers of raccoons, opossums, bobcats and other mammals in the Florida Everglades.
    (AP, 1/31/12)

2012        Jan, In Peru dolphins began dying after they were stranded on an 84-mile stretch of coastline. By April as many as 2,800 dolphins were reported dead. Scientists remained puzzled.
    (SFC, 4/7/12, p.A3)

2012        Feb 1, South Africa’s national parks agency said 3 young Mozambican poachers will spend 25 years behind bars after they were found with two fresh rhino horns in Kruger Park.
    (AFP, 2/2/12)

2012        Feb 3, Puerto Rico's government announced plans to kill as many iguanas as possible and export their meat in hopes of eradicating an imported species that has long vexed residents and entertained tourists. The reptiles were first seen in the wild in Puerto Rico in the 1970s when owners began to release them, and their numbers have since exploded. The US territory estimated it has 4 million iguanas, which is a little more than the island's human population.
    (AP, 2/4/12)

2012        Feb 4, In eastern China a group of tourists visiting the Jinan Wildlife World had a narrow escape after up to 8 Bengal tigers attacked their bus, puncturing its tires and destroying the windscreen in Shandong province.
    (AFP, 2/7/12)

2012        Feb 11, Canada set the seal on improving ties with China by agreeing to a 10-year loan for two giant pandas, traditionally an indication of official approval from Beijing.
    (Reuters, 2/11/12)

2012        Feb 12, DogTV went live on Time Warner Cable and Cox Media. It was produced by Jasmine Group, an Israeli company, which hoped to charge a premium of $4.99 per month for the channel designed to keep dogs company.
    (SFC, 3/5/12, p.D3)

2012        Feb 14, In Massachusetts 11 more dolphins beached themselves at Cape Cod. Ten were rescued. Over the last month some 178 have stranded in the area and 125 died.
    (SFC, 2/17/12, p.A7)
2012        Feb 14, Uganda officials said they have seized nearly 360 pounds (162 kg) of ivory and other animal parts and products that were being smuggled in and out of the country. Officials said Chinese demand is behind the illegal trade in endangered species and animal products.
    (AP, 2/14/12)

2012        Feb 16, Wildlife activists said poachers in Cameroon have slaughtered at least 200 elephants in the past five weeks, where they are more dangerously endangered than anywhere else on Earth.
    (AP, 2/16/12)
2012        Feb 16, An animal protection group said 4 Chinese nationals have been arrested in Zimbabwe on cruelty charges after they cut up and ate rare tortoises. The 4 men were found to have entered Zimbabwe illegally and worked without permits in the small scale mining district of Bikita. They awaited deportation.
    (AP, 2/16/12)

2012        Feb 22, Anti-whaling campaigners Sea Shepherd attacked a Japanese whaling ship in the Antarctic Ocean by firing paint bombs at it and trying to jam its propeller with ropes.
    (AP, 2/23/12)
2012        Feb 22, Researchers in northeast India released a report on  the discovery of a new family of legless amphibians, named Chikilidae, in a rare scientific breakthrough.
    (AFP, 2/22/12)

2012        Feb 23, California officials said about a third of an estimated 50,000 hens at A&L Poultry, west of Turlock, died after about two weeks without feed, and most of the rest are being euthanized because of their weak condition.
    (www.modbee.com/2012/02/23/2083371/turlock-poultry-farm-owner-likely.html)
2012        Feb 23, A Cameroon park official said nearly 500 elephants have been killed in Bouba Ndjida National Park in less than two months by poachers from Sudan and Chad.
    (AFP, 2/24/12)

2012        Mar 5, In Brazil 30 beached dolphins were rescued by beachgoers. The rescue was captured on video and became an internet sensation.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/mass-dolphin-rescue-witnessed-off-rio-coast-035714671.html)

2012        Mar 9, Japan said its Antarctic whaling fleet has killed less than a third of the animals it planned to because of sabotage by activists, as it announced the end of the season's hunt. Whalers killed 266 minke whales and one fin whale, well below the approximately 900 they had been aiming for when they left Japan in December.
    (AFP, 3/9/12)

2012        Mar 13, It was reported that the chytrid fungus has spread to nearly 600 species of frog and has probably driven over 200 species to extinction. SF State Univ. biologist Vance T. Vredenburg called it the “worst population crash of animals in history."
    (SFC, 3/13/12, p.A10)
2012        Mar 13, Russian and South Korean scientists signed a deal on joint research intended to recreate a woolly mammoth, an animal which last walked the earth some 10,000 years ago.
    (AFP, 3/13/12)
2012        Mar 13, South African wildlife dealer Jacques Els (39) was sentenced to eight years in jail over 38 horns cut off sedated rhinos. Els was arrested in 2010 after buying the horns for 760,000 rands ($100,000, 77,000 euros) from game farm manager Tommie Fourie who drugged the animals and cut off their trademark spikes. Els claimed the horns were removed from the animals "to protect them from poaching."
    (AFP, 3/14/12)

2012        Mar 14, British scientists warned that research into debilitating diseases is under threat from a refusal by ferry operators and airlines to transport laboratory animals into the country.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)

2012        Mar 15, Kashmir scientists at Sher-i-Kashmir University said they have cloned a rare Himalayan goat, hoping to help increase the number of animals famed for their silky soft undercoats used to make pashmina wool, or cashmere.
    (AP, 3/15/12)

2012        Mar 19, EU nations backed a complete ban on removing shark’s fins before throwing them into the sea to die. 75 million sharks were said to be killed annually for their fins, with the EU being the biggest exporter.
    (SFC, 3/20/12, p.A3)
2012        Mar 19, South African officials said 135 endangered rhinoceros have been killed by poachers so far this year, about a third of the number killed during all of 2011.
    (AP, 3/19/12)

2012        Mar 20, Kenya wildlife officials said fires raging across Mount Kenya may have been set by poachers trying to create a diversion from their illegal attacks on animals.
    (SFC, 3/21/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 21, Australian zoo officials said 4 rare white rhinoceroses have died in recent weeks at the Taronga Western Plains Zoo in New South Wales after displaying mysterious neurological problems such as stumbling.
    (AP, 3/21/12)
2012        Mar 21, Vietnamese police seized five tons of frozen pangolins and iguanas that were destined for the cooking pot in China.
    (AFP, 3/23/12)

2012        Mar 28, A coalition of environmental groups warned that some 200 critically-endangered orangutans in a protected area of Indonesia’s Aceh province will be wiped out by the end of the year if land clearing in Tripa Swamp is not stopped.
    (AFP, 3/28/12)

2012        Mar 30, Philippine police rescued 300 badly injured pitbulls and arrested seven South Koreans after busting a massive online dog fighting syndicate at a two-hectare farm in the city of San Pablo. 20 of the dogs needed to be euthanized.
    (AFP, 4/1/12)

2012        Mar 31, In southwestern Australia a shark attack killed Peter Kurmann (33) as he was diving from a boat off Stratham Beach.
    (SSFC, 4/1/12, p.A4)

2012        Apr 13, Spain's King Juan Carlos (74) was injured while on an expensive elephant hunting trip in Botswana amid the nation's deep financial woes. The accident required a hip replacement and led to scathing criticism amid the nation's deep financial woes.
    (AP, 4/15/12)

2012        Apr 17, Bangladesh customs agents seized more than 400 tortoises being smuggled in three suitcases through the country's main airport on their way to Bangkok. Two Indian citizens were arrested in connection with the seizure.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)

2012        Apr 18, Mozambique state-run newspaper Noticias reported that rampaging elephants are terrorizing villages near the Zimbabwe border, attacking people, trampling crops and scaring children.
    (AFP, 4/18/12)

2012        Apr 19, In South Africa a man was killed by a shark while body boarding at a bay in Cape Town in the country’s second deadly mauling this year.
    (AFP, 4/19/12)

2012        Apr 21, Kenyan rangers shot dead five suspected elephant poachers overnight in a firefight at Chepareria in West Pokot County.
    (AFP, 4/21/12)

2012        Apr 23, Philippine coast guard and fisheries bureau operatives arrested 12 Vietnamese fishermen for poaching endangered marine turtles, black corals and reef fishes in southern Philippines waters. Other foreign fishing boats spotted in the same area managed to flee toward Malaysia.
    (AP, 4/25/12)

2012        Apr 25, In New Zealand an African elephant killed a zookeeper caring for her at the Franklin Zoo near Auckland where the animal was retired after performing in circuses for decades.
    (AP, 4/25/12)

2012        Apr 30, A rare white buffalo, a male calf named Lightning Medicine Cloud, was found slaughtered and skinned on Lakota Ranch near Greenville, Texas, just shy of its first birthday. Its mother died the next day of suspected poisoning. The ranch and its supporters soon offered $45,000 for information leading to the killer.
    (AFP, 5/9/12)

2012        May 9, In Australia 27 protected Little Penguins were found mauled in the Phillip Island Nature Park in Victoria state, a popular tourist attraction. The penguins were believed killed by a dog or a pack of dogs, ironically at Cat Bay.
    (AFP, 5/10/12)
2012        May 9, South African authorities seized assets worth almost $7 million from game farm owner Dawie Groenewald and veterinary surgeons, Karel Toet and Manie Du Plessis, accused of rhino poaching. They were charged with 1,872 counts of racketeering.
    (AFP, 5/9/12)

2012        May 15, Australian researchers said a mystery liver disease, thought to be caused by introduced weeds, is causing hairy-nosed wombats in southern Australia to go bald and die.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)
2012        May 15, In Indonesia a critically-endangered Sumatran elephant was found dead in Aceh province, the second death from suspected poisoning within a month.
    (AFP, 5/16/12)
2012        May 15, South African police officers, tipped off by an anonymous informer, forced their way into a Johannesburg apartment where they found 10 rhinoceros horns and an elephant tusk and arrested a Vietnamese man.
    (AP, 5/16/12)

2012        May 21, Guinea police seized over 800 pieces of ivory, including sculptures and elephant tusks, in the capital Conakry during raids beginning May 19 that led to six arrests.
    (AFP, 5/25/12)

2012        May 22, In India the government of Maharashtra state says injuring or killing suspected poachers will no longer be considered a crime. Maharashtra Forest Minister Patangrao Kadam  said the state will send more rangers and jeeps into the forest, and will offer secret payments to informers who give tips about poachers and animal smugglers.
    (AP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 22, Sri Lankan authorities seized 1.5 tons of African ivory marked as plastic waste and addressed to a buyer in Dubai. They informed the authorities in the United Arab Emirates and Kenya to take action against the shipper and the consignee.
    (AFP, 5/23/12)

2012        May 23, In the first case brought under the Philippines 2001 wildlife act, farmer Bryan Balaon (26) was fined 100,000 pesos ($2,300), for shooting and eating one of the world's rarest eagles. The Philippine eagle, or Pithecophaga jefferyi, found only in the country's vanishing forests, is the world's largest eagle and is "critically endangered" with just 90-250 pairs left in the wild.
    (AFP, 5/24/12)

2012        May 30, Mozambican police arrested a Vietnamese man at the main airport in Maputo as he tried to smuggle rhino horns out of the country. Doan Minh (41) had already made it past airport security screening when he was caught.
    (AFP, 5/31/12)

2012        May 31, In southern Australia a truck carrying around 400 sheep overturned on a highway overpass outside Melbourne, causing the animals to rain onto the freeway below resulting in "a large number" of dead and injured sheep.
    (AP, 6/1/12)
2012        May 31, In western Indonesia 3 critically-endangered Sumatran elephants were found dead in an oil palm plantation. They were believed to have been poisoned.
    (AFP, 6/3/12)

2012        Jun 12, South African authorities said the slaughter of rhinos driven by the soaring illegal trade in their horns continues at a record pace with 245 killed since January. Police have arrested 161 suspects, including 138 poachers, since the start of the year.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)

2012        Jun 20, In Kenya 6 lions were speared to death overnight on the outskirts of Nairobi after they strayed from the city's national park and killed four goats. Kenya has been losing 100 lions a year for the best part of the past decade, leaving the country with just 2,000 of its famous big cats. On June 22 an official said Maasai warriors who speared to death the six lions will be arrested for killing wildlife.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)(AP, 6/22/12)

2012        Jun 24, In Ecuador’s Galapagos National Park the only remaining Pinta Island tortoise and celebrated conservation icon, passed away. Lonesome George, estimated to be more than 100 years old, was discovered in 1972 at a time when tortoises of his type were already believed to be extinct.
    (AFP, 6/25/12)

2012        Jun 27, Gabonese President Ali Bongo set fire to five tons of ivory worth around 10 million euros ($14 million) to mark his government's commitment to battling poachers and saving elephants. The stockpile and would have required the killing of some 850 elephants.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, Spanish scientists reported evidence that dinosaurs were warm-blooded, despite being reptiles.
    (SFC, 6/28/12, p.A1)

2012        Jun 28, In South Africa chimpanzees at the Jane Goodall Institute Chimpanzee Eden near Nelspruit pulled an American working there into their enclosure, bit him and dragged him nearly a half mile.
    (AP, 6/29/12)

2012        Jul 1, Nigerian hunters killed a hippopotamus in the town of Shelleng on the bank of the Benue river. The hippo had killed two fishermen a day earlier.
    (AP, 7/3/12)

2012        Jul 5, In Panama the International Whaling Commission rejected a request from Denmark for a whaling quota for indigenous groups in Greenland. Two days earlier it approved the renewal of bowhead whale quotas for indigenous subsistence whaling in Alaska and Russia and for St. Vincent and the Grenadines in the Caribbean. The United States says it doesn't support a South Korean plan to restart whale hunting for purportedly scientific purposes.
    (AP, 7/6/12)

2012        Jul 6, Japan, Norway and their allies blocked a bid to give the UN a greater role in protecting whales, as sought by conservationists frustrated by deep polarization over whaling as the International Whaling Commission closed its latest annual meeting in Panama marred by intense divisions.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)

2012        Jul 9, Indian officials said devastating floods in the northeast have killed around 600 animals in Kaziranga National Park, Assam state, including 14 threatened one-horned rhinos.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)

2012        Jul 10, A Trinidad and Tobago conservation group called for a prompt investigation into how government work crews crushed leatherback turtle eggs and hatchlings on a remote beach that experts say is the globe's densest nesting site for the endangered marine species. Thousands of leatherback eggs were crushed by heavy machinery over the weekend as workers redirected a shifting river that was eroding the nesting sites and threatening a hotel.
    (AP, 7/11/12)

2012        Jul 12, In Canada 3 horses were killed and a 4th seriously injured during a chuckwagon race at the Calgary Stampede.
    (Reuters, 7/14/12)

2012        Jul 13, Thailand customs officials discovered a half ton of ivory hidden in crates aboard a flight from Kenya. One official estimated that the 158 pieces of ivory were from the tusks of around 50 elephants.
    (AP, 7/17/12)

2012        Jul 14, In western Australia a surfer was bitten in half in a savage shark attack near Wedge Island, north of Perth, the fifth such fatality in the region in less than a year.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)

2012        Jul 15, Namibia's annual seal hunt, which will see some 86,000 Cape fur seals slaughtered by end November, began amid outcry from conservation groups that brand it a massacre for trade purposes. The animals are harvested for their pelts, fat, which is used in beauty products and male sexual organs, believed to have aphrodisiac properties in Asia.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)

2012        Jul 23, The WWF conservation group ranked Vietnam the worst country for wildlife crime in its first-ever report on how well 23 Asian and African countries protect rhinos, tigers and elephants.
    (AP, 7/23/12)

2012        Jul 24, India's top court banned tourism in tiger reserves across the country in a ruling that aims to protect the endangered big cats but may disrupt travel plans for droves of tourists who booked stays at the hundreds of hotels that have sprung up deep inside the forests.
    (AP, 7/24/12)

2012        Jul 27, In South Africa Germany-born conservationist Rita Miljo (81) died in a fire that destroyed much of her Center for Animal Rehabilitation and Education in the bush of Limpopo province. Sha had cared for and reintroduced packs of baboons into the wilds of South Africa.
    (SSFC, 7/29/12, p.A2)

2012        Aug 1, Vietnam’s state media said a soldier has been thrown out of the army after posting graphic photographs on Facebook of the torture and killing of 2 rare wild monkeys.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)

2012        Aug 2, It was reported that France planned to offer financial incentives to French fishermen for hunting bull sharks, a threatened shark species, following recent attacks on people off the coast of Reunion.
    (SFC, 8/2/12, p.A4)

2012        Aug 3, In Australia Tasmania Zoo owner Dick Warren said 9 birds, including an endangered swift parrot, had their heads smashed in or ripped off and more than 60 animals were missing after vandals went on the rampage.
    (AFP, 8/4/12)

2012        Aug 6, Thousands of fish were reported dying in the Midwest as the hot, dry summer dries up rivers and causes water temperatures to climb in some spots to nearly 100 degrees. About 40,000 shovelnose sturgeon were killed in Iowa last week as water temperatures reached 97 degrees. Nebraska fishery officials said they've seen thousands of dead sturgeon, catfish, carp, and other species in the Lower Platte River. Illinois biologists said the hot weather has killed tens of thousands of large- and smallmouth bass and channel catfish. Kansas has seen declining water levels that pulled younger, smaller game fish away from the vegetation-rich shore lines and forced them to cluster, making them easier targets for predators. In South Dakota there have been reports of isolated fish kills in its manmade lakes on the Missouri River.
    (AP, 8/6/12)

2012        Aug 16, In Italy 6 of 10 horses crashed during the latest Palio bareback horse race in Siena. One horse broke a front leg. Some 50 horses have died during the race since 1970.
    (SFC, 8/18/12, p.A2)
2012        Aug 16, It was reported that lion bones have become a hot commodity for their use in Asian traditional medicine, driving up exports from South Africa to the East and creating new fears of the survival of the species.
    (AFP, 8/16/12)

2012        Aug 24, In Alaska a hiker in Denali National Park photographed a grizzly bear for at least eight minutes before the bear mauled and killed him in the first fatal attack in the park's history.
    (AP, 8/25/12)

2012        Aug 25, In Germany a tiger escaped its enclosure at the Cologne Zoo and killed a female keeper (43) before being shot dead.
    (SSFC, 8/26/12, p.A5)
2012        Aug 26, In Zimbabwe a consortium of wildlife ranchers said tens of thousands of animals face annihilation in a wave of land takeovers in the southeast after hunting permits and land were granted to 25 leaders of the ZANU-PF party in a black empowerment program.
    (AP, 8/26/12)

2012        Aug 29, It was reported that Argentine authorities are planning to shoot seagulls in hopes of reducing their population following seagull attacks on southern right whales. Seagulls around the city of Puerto Madryn discovered about a decade ago that by pecking at the whales as they come up for air, they can create open wounds and feed on them.
    (AP, 8/29/12)

2012        Sep 2, A wildlife rescue organization said 13 whales have died following a mass stranding off the Scottish coast. British Divers and Marine Life Rescue said that the mammals were among a group of 26 pilot whales stranded at Pittenweem in eastern Scotland.
    (AP, 9/2/12)

2012        Sep 4, Spain’s government lifted a 6-year ban on televising live bullfights.
    (SFC, 9/5/12, p.A2)
2012        Sep 4, Vietnamese police seized four tiger cubs and 118 endangered pangolins from suspected wildlife smugglers.
    (AFP, 9/4/12)

2012        Sep 5, In Zimbabwe an independent animal welfare group said it is filing cruelty charges against the veterinary teaching department at the Univ. of Zimbabwe after three emaciated, ailing and distressed horses were killed using an ax and a knife.
    (AP, 9/5/12)

2012        Sep 11, Scientists reported the discovery of well-preserved wooly mammoth fragments some 328 feet underground in Yakutia, Siberia.
    (SFC, 9/12/12, p.A2)

2012        Sep 16, It was reported that a $300,000 project by the Nature Conservancy has created an artificial bat cave deep in the Tennessee woods. Conservationists hoped to help save bats dying from a fungus that causes white-nose syndrome.
    (SSFC, 9/16/12, p.A22)

2012        Sep 19, An int’l. team of researchers published the full genome of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, making it the first mollusk fully sequenced.
    (SFC, 9/20/12, p.A7)

2012        Sep 26, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed a bill banning the use of dogs for hunting bears and bobcats.
    (SFC, 9/27/12, p.C1)
2012        Sep 26, In Oregon hog farmer Terry Vance Garner (69) never returned after he set out to feed his animals on his farm in Coos County. A family member found Garner's dentures and pieces of his body in the hog enclosure several hours later, but most of his remains had been consumed.
    (AP, 10/1/12)

2012        Oct 12, UC Berkeley law students Justin Teixeira and Eric Cuellar were seen laughing and throwing around the body of a dead helmeted guinea fowl at the Flamingo casino in Las Vegas. On Dec 28 prosecutors filed animal cruelty charges against both men. In 2013 Cuellar pleaded guilty and was fined $200 and sentenced to 48 hours of community service. A 3rd defendant Hazhir Kargaran (26) pleaded no contest to 3 misdemeanors and was sentenced to 2 days in jail and 48 hours of community service. Teixeira pleaded guilty to a felony animal killing was sentenced to 6 months in boot camp and then probation.
    (SFC, 12/28/12, p.A5)(SFC, 6/14/13, p.C8)
2012        Oct 12, It was reported that Britain planned to shoot badgers for six consecutive weeks in each of the next four years in parts of Gloucestershire and the neighboring county of Somerset. The aim was to reduce the badger population by 70 percent. At issue was how to stem the spread of bovine tuberculosis, which many farmers blamed on roaming badgers.
    (Reuters, 10/12/12)

2012        Oct 20, Hong Kong officials said customs officers have confiscated 4 tons of ivory valued at $3.4 million in containers shipped from Tanzania and Kenya.
    (SSFC, 10/21/12, p.A4)

2012        Oct 23, In California surfer Francisco Javier Solorio Jr. was killed in a shark attack off the coast of Surf Beach in Lompoc.
    (SFC, 10/24/12, p.A6)
2012        Oct 23, Britain’s Environment Secretary Owen Paterson said a plan to shoot thousands of badgers to stop the spread of tuberculosis in cattle has been delayed in the face of overwhelming public opposition to the cull.
    (AP, 10/24/12)

2012        Oct 27, An Indonesia conservationist said that and orangutan, recently shot with an air rifle, has been rescued in the Indonesian part of Borneo. Rescuers worked to remove 104 pellets from her body. In 2011 conservationists found that villagers living on the Indonesian side of Borneo killed at least 750 endangered orangutans in a year, some to protect crops from being raided and others for their meat.
    (AP, 10/27/12)

2012        Oct 29, Berlin authorities shot and killed a 120 kg (265-pound) wild boar after it attacked and injured 4 people including a police officer in a residential neighborhood.
    (AP, 10/30/12)

2012        Nov 2, In South Korea an international team of scientists confirmed that a 5.5-ton elephant named Koshik at the Everland Zoo can reproduce five Korean words by tucking his trunk inside his mouth to modulate sound. Koshik emerged as a star among animal enthusiasts and children in South Korea after Everland Zoo claimed in 2006 that he could imitate words, two years after his trainers noticed the phenomenon.
    (AP, 11/2/12)

2012        Nov 4, South African police said 14 rhinos in provinces have been found illegally dehorned in the past week. Three of them died. At least 458 of the country's endangered rhinos have been illegally hunted and killed this year.
    (AP, 11/5/12)

2012        Nov 9, A South Africa court sentenced a Thai national to 40 years in prison for selling rhino horns. Chumlong Lemtongthai had pleaded guilty to 59 charges on Nov 5. At least 458 of South Africa's endangered rhinos have been illegally killed this year.
    (AP, 11/9/12)

2012        Nov 15, An Ecuadoran helicopter began dropping nearly 22 tons of specially designed poison bait on the Galapagos island of Pinzon, launching the second phase of a campaign to clear out some 180 million non-native rodents.
    (AP, 11/15/12)

2012        Nov 16, The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration issued a "heads up" directive putting officials on alert for an increase in human interaction with dolphins in the waters across Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama. Authorities were investigating several attacks on dolphins in the northern Gulf of Mexico after some were found with gunshot wounds, cuts and missing jaws.
    (AP, 11/17/12)

2012        Nov 17, In Idaho a break-in at Zoo Boise left a Patas monkey dead from blunt force trauma to the head and neck and police were analyzing blood found at the scene to determine if it came from the monkey or one of two human intruders. Michael J. Watkins (22) was soon arrested.
    (AP, 11/17/12)(SFC, 11/21/12, p.A6)

2012        Nov 19, In Morocco the 48-member int’l. organization of fishing countries voted to keep strict limits on catching Atlantic blue fin tuna.
    (SFC, 11/20/12, p.A7)

2012        Nov 20, Police in South Africa arrested three men, including a game ranger, they suspect shot 7 rhinoceros to death and dehorned them. South Africa's Department of Environmental Affairs said 570 rhinos had been hunted illegally and killed this year alone.
    (AP, 11/20/12)

2012        Nov 29, Botswana said it will ban hunting by 2014 because of fears that the nation is losing its wildlife. Hunts by local communities and with special hunting licenses would still be allowed.
    (AP, 11/29/12)

2012        Dec 4, Researchers at Duke University reported that the lions of Africa's savannahs have lost as much as 75% of their habitat in the last 50 years as humans overtake their land and the lion population dwindles.
    (AP, 12/4/12)
2012        Dec 4, A top official of the World Wide Fund for Nature said that despite armed guards, Cameroon's dwindling elephant population is being decimated by heavily armed gangs of international poachers.
    (AP, 12/4/12)
2012        Dec 5, Kenya’s Lewa Wildlife Conservancy said that two male black rhinos and two female black rhinos were killed over the weekend. The four deaths brought Lewa's rhino population to 71. Kenya had about 600 rhinos in total.
    (AP, 12/5/12)

2012        Dec 6, A US District Judge ruled that snakes, frogs and fairways can coexist at the San Francisco-owned Sharp Park Golf Course in Pacifica.
    (SFC, 12/8/12, p.C6)
2012        Dec 6, French Polynesia created a 1.5 million square mile shark sanctuary.
    (SFC, 12/19/12, p.A5)

2012        Dec 10, South Africa said its diplomats have signed an agreement with Vietnam to try and halt the trade of horns taken from poached rhinoceros.
    (AP, 12/11/12)

2012        Dec 19, The Cook Islands designated a 756,000 square mile shark sanctuary.
    (SFC, 12/19/12, p.A5)
2012        Dec 19, South Africa said at least 633 rhinoceros have been killed this year alone as a poaching epidemic continues to threaten the animals.
    (AP, 12/19/12)

2012        Dec 21, The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration announced that ringed seals and bearded seals will be listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. Loss of sea ice due to climate warning was blamed.
    (SFC, 12/22/12, p.A6)

2012        Dec 28, Mexico City lawmakers approved prison terms for animal cruelty, previously considered a civil offense sanctioned with fines and detentions.
    (AP, 12/29/12)

2012        Dec 30, In eastern India a passenger train struck and killed 5 elephants in a herd crossing railroad tracks in the Rambha forest area.
    (SFC, 12/31/12, p.A2)

2012        Alan Root authored “Ivory, Apes & Peacocks: Animals, Adventure and Discovery in the Wild Places of Africa.
    (Econ, 8/18/12, p.76)
2012        An estimated 22,000 elephants were killed by illegal poachers across Africa this year.
    (SFC, 12/3/13, p.A2)
2012        In Thailand Blake Dinkin (42), a Canadian, began producing coffee made from beans plucked out of elephant dung. The coffee sold for $1,100 per kg ($500 per pound), making it among the world's priciest.
    (AP, 12/7/12)

2013        Jan 3, Officials said a smuggling ring brought narwhal tusks from the Canadian Arctic into Maine in a trailer with a secret compartment and then illegally sold them to American buyers. In 2015 Andrew Zarauskas (61) was sentenced to nearly three years for buying more than 30 tusks over six years from two Canadians.
    (SFC, 1/4/13, p.A6)(SFC, 1/13/15, p.A6)
2013        Jan 3, It was reported that Paraguayan police have rescued 211 blue-fronted Amazon parrots, which were taken from remote forests. More than 400,000 of the birds have been caught and sold.
    (SFC, 1/3/13, p.A2)

2013        Jan 4, Hong Kong customs officials said they have intercepted a container with 779 elephant tusks weighing 2,900 pounds from Kenya.
    (SFC, 1/5/13, p.A2)

2013        Jan 5, In Kenya a poaching gang used gunfire to kill an entire family of 11 elephants in Tsavo National Park for their ivory tusks.
    (AP, 1/8/13)

2013        Jan 7, Mexican  authorities said wild dogs mauled and killed four people whose bodies were found over the past two weeks in a park on the edge of Mexico City.
    (AP, 1/7/13)

2013        Jan 12, In Florida nearely 800 people began month-long "Python Challenge" to deal with an infestation of Burmese pythons that were eating their way through a fragile ecosystem. Roughly 2,050 pythons have been harvested in Florida since 2000.
    (AP, 1/12/13)

2013        Jan 15, Kenyan custom officials in Mombasa seized 638 pieces of illegal elephant ivory estimated to be worth $1.2 million. The ivory was in a container destined for Indonesia. The tusks were said to be from Tanzania.
    (AP, 1/16/13)

2013        Jan 16, British PM David Cameron condemned horse meat found in beef burgers sold by Tesco and said this was likely to prove both embarrassing and costly for the firm.
    (AP, 1/16/13)

2013        Jan 21, In Nigeria 18 people were killed in an attack on a local market in Dambao, Borno state. The violence started after the local market banned a group of hunters from selling "bush meat" from slaughtered monkeys and other creatures.
    (AP, 1/22/13)

2013        Jan 24, Guyana signed an agreement with NY conservation group Panthera, which is trying to establish a jaguar corridor from northern Argentina to Mexico.
    (SFC, 1/25/13, p.A2)
2013        Jan 24, South Africa reported that some 15 thousand crocodiles escaped the Rakwena Crocodile Farm on the Limpopo River border with Botswana when the farm gates were opened earlier this week to alleviate pressure from rising flood waters.
    (SFC, 1/26/13, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/adlfxrl)

2013        Jan 25, Brazil’s government announced that it is undertaking a 4-year, $33 million study of its Amazon rain forest to compile a detailed inventory of the plants, animals and people that live there.
    (SFC, 1/26/13, p.A2)

2013        Jan 28, In eastern Indonesia  a mob of wild monkeys has gone on a rampage in a village in South Sulawesi province, entering houses and attacking residents. Seven people were injured.
    (AP, 1/30/13)

2013        Jan 29, Malaysian wildlife officials said 10 endangered Borneo pygmy elephants have been found dead at the Gunung Rara Forest Reserve under mysterious circumstances. Officials said that they probably were poisoned over the past 3 weeks. The remains of 3 more were found the next day bringing the total to 13.
    (AP, 1/29/13)(AP, 1/30/13)

2013        Jan 31, South African officials said that 57 rhinos have been killed by poachers across the country so far this year. A record 668 rhinos were killed in South Africa in 2012, an increase of nearly 50 percent over the previous year.
    (AP, 1/31/13)

2013        Jan, California researchers published findings of a brain tumor in raccoons associated with a newly discovered virus called RacPyV, or raccoon polyomavirus.
    (SFC, 1/15/13, p.C2)

2013        Feb 6, US wildlife conservation group Int’l. Fund for Animal Welfare said Japan has been propping up its whaling industry with nearly $400 million in tax money in recent years.
    (SFC, 2/7/13, p.A2)
2013        Feb 6, Researchers in Iceland blamed low oxygen levels in a shallow fjord for the deaths of tens of thousands of tons of herring.
    (AP, 2/6/13)

2013        Feb 9, In the SF Bay Area dead fish began surfacing after thousands of gallons of chlorinated water flowed into the San Mateo Creek a half-mile below Crystal Springs Reservoir.
    (SFC, 2/12/13, p.C1)

2013        Feb 12, Scientists in Zimbabwe said a fresh water crayfish brought from Australia is breeding out of control in the northern Lake Kariba, devouring the food sources of other fish and putting the nation's entire aquatic ecosystem at risk. The red claw crayfish was introduced a decade ago for a fish farming project.
    (AP, 2/12/13)

2013        Feb 13, South African authorities said at least 96 rhinoceros have been killed so far this year, as rampant poaching for their horns to sell to buyers in Asia continues. From the 1990s to 2007, rhino killings in South Africa by poachers averaged about 15 a year.
    (AP, 2/13/13)

2013        Feb 22, American scientists prepared to drop dead mice laced with painkillers on Guam's jungle canopy as a prescription for the brown tree snake, a headache that has caused Guam misery for more than 60 years.
    (AP, 2/22/13)

2013        Mar 5, In Zimbabwe a man escaped from a lion attack on the shores of Lake Kariba, but the woman with him was savaged to death. An arm and remains of a second corpse were found by rangers hunting for the lions.
    (AP, 3/6/13)

2013        Mar 6, In California a lion attacked and killed Dianna Hanson (24), a sanctuary worker at Project Survival’s Cat Haven in Dunlap.
    (SFC, 3/7/13, p.A1)(SFC, 3/8/13, p.A1)

2013        Mar 7, Zimbabwe wildlife rangers caught put down three lions that killed two people near a suburb in the northern resort town of Kariba. A lioness and two "sub-adult" cubs between two and three years old were baited into traps and given lethal injections using darts.
    (AP, 3/8/13)

2013        Mar 11, CITES conservationists in Bangkok voted to regulate the trade of shark species threatened because their fins are used for expensive delicacies in Asia.
    (SFC, 3/12/13, p.A2)
2013        Mar 11, In China Shanghai officials said the number of dumped adult and piglet carcasses retrieved in tributaries of the Huangpu river had reached 2,813. The city government, citing monitoring authorities, said the drinking water quality has not been affected. Authorities have been pulling out swollen and rotting pigs since March 8. By March 21 the dead pig count reached over 16,000.
    (AP, 3/11/13)(SFC, 3/23/13, p.A2)(Econ, 12/20/14, p.70)

2013        Mar 15, In southwestern Chad over the last 24 hours at least 86 elephants, including 33 pregnant females, were killed by poachers for the ivory of their tusks.
    (Econ, 4/20/13, p.47)
2013        Mar 14, In Thailand the Convention on Int’l. Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) ended its meeting in Bangkok with final decisions to expand protection to for dozens of animal and plant species including 5 types of sharks.
    (SFC, 3/15/13, p.A4)

2013        Mar 24, In South Africa 6 of 19 stranded pilot whales on a beach in Cape Town died and authorities said they planned to euthanize some of the surviving whales.
    (AP, 3/24/13)

2013        Mar 26, The US Supreme Court ruled that police cannot bring drug-sniffing police dogs onto a suspect's property to look for evidence without first getting a warrant for a search.
    (AP, 3/26/13)

2013        Mar 30, In Mississippi nearly 50 people were arrested at a dogfight in Benton County following a months-long investigation.
    (SFC, 4/2/13, p.A4)

2013        Mar, Chinese-led criminal gangs conspired with corrupt Tanzanian officials to traffic huge amounts of ivory, some of which was loaded in diplomatic bags on Pres. Xi's plane during a presidential visit.
    (AP, 11/6/14)

2013        Apr 6, Florida state oficials said an annual toxic red algae bloom has killed 241 of the state’s roughly 5,000 endangered manatees.
    (SSFC, 4/7/13, p.A13)

2013        Apr 8, India’s wildlife authorities began using aerial drones to oversee a sprawling natural game park in the northeast to protect the one-horned rhinoceros from armed poachers.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, A Chinese steel-hulled vessel hit an atoll at the Tubbataha National Marine Park, a UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site on Palawan island. On April 13 Philippine authorities found inside the ship more than 10,000 kg (22,000 pounds) of meat from a protected species, the pangolin or scaly anteater. On April 19 the ship was extricated and towed to Puerto Princesa.
    (AP, 4/15/13)(SSFC, 4/21/13, p.A4)

2013        Apr 10, Researchers reported a new species of tree-dwelling porcupine in Brazil’s Northeastern Atlantic Forest. With just 2% of the original forest habitat still standing, the newly discovered creature was already considered endangered.
    (SFC, 4/11/13, p.A2)

2013        Apr 15, In South Africa a handler at the Elephant Sanctuary near Hartbeespoort Dam was trampled to death while taking elephants out for exercise. The handler got caught in the midst of an altercation between two of the animals.
    (AP, 4/16/13)

2013        Apr 18, South Africa said 232 rhino had been illegally killed so far this year, 70% of them in Kruger National Park. Poachers killed 668 rhinos in South Africa in 2012, a 50% increase over the previous year.
    (AP, 4/24/13)

2013        Apr 25, Central African Republic (CAR) local residents said at least 40 elephants have been slain at Dzanga-Sangha since the rebels took power on March 24.
    (AP, 4/26/13)

2013        Apr 28, It was reported that the number of feral pigs in the US has risen to some 6 million with sightings in 47 states, up from 2 million in 1990 in 20 states.
    (SSFC, 4/28/13, p.A11)

2013        Apr, Colorado and 14 other US states began reporting cases of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus. Up till now the virus was thought to exist only in Europe and China.
    (SFC, 7/11/13, p.A4)

2013        May 2, It was reported that the last rhino in Mozambique has been killed. The warden in charge of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park — the only place where the horned behemoths lived in Mozambique — also said poachers have wiped out the last of the rhinos. Mozambique's conservation director believed a few may remain.
    (AP, 5/2/13)

2013        May 6, In New York 30 horses being taken to slaughter in Canada were burned alive when the tractor-trailer transporting them caught fire on an upstate highway.
    (Reuters, 5/7/13)

2013        May 8, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder signed a bill to schedule the state’s first gray wolf hunting season.
    (SFC, 5/9/13, p.A6)

2013        May 9, In southern California Pamela Marie Devitt (63) was fatally mauled by a pack of pit bulls while walking near her home near Palmdale. Authorities were still searching for the dogs as darkness fell. On May 30 Alex Jackson (29), the owner of the dogs, was charged with murder. On Oct 4, 2014, Jackson was sentenced to 15 years to life. The dogs had guarded his pot-growing operation.
    (Reuters, 5/9/13)(SFC, 5/11/13, p.A5)(SFC, 5/31/13, p.A12)(SFC, 10/5/14, p.A5)

2013        May 19, A Russian capsule carrying mice, lizards and other small animals returned to Earth after spending a month in space for what scientists said was the longest experiment of its kind. Fewer than half of the 53 mice and other rodents who blasted off on April 19 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome survived the flight.
    (AP, 5/20/13)

2013        May 24, In England Sarah McClay (24) was mauled by a Sumatran tiger in an enclosure at South Lakes Wild Animal Park in Cumbria. She soon died from her injuries.
    (AP, 5/25/13)

2013        May 30, Russian scientists said a perfectly preserved woolly mammoth carcass with liquid blood has been found on a remote Arctic island, fueling hopes of cloning the Ice Age animal.
    (AP, 5/30/13)

2013        Jun 1, Protesters dressed as badgers and led by Queen guitarist Brian May marched through central London demanding that the government scrap a plan to cull badgers, aimed at slowing the spread of a cattle disease.
    (Reuters, 6/1/13)

2013        Jun 3, The Enough Project, the Satellite Sentinel Project and two other groups said in a new report that members of Joseph Kony’s LRA have turned to elephant poaching in CongoDRC and the CAR and that the militia trades illegal ivory to acquire food and other supplies. The report also said elephants of Garamba National Park also are being targeted by "members of the armed forces of (Congo), South Sudan, Sudan, and Uganda," citing the concerns of park rangers there.
    (AP, 6/3/13)

2013        Jun 4, In New Mexico a 400-lb black bear attacked a bedridden woman (82) in Cimarron. Wildlife officers caught and killed the bear the next day.
    (SFC, 6/6/13, p.A8)
2013        Jun 4, WWF Indonesia said killings of Sumatran elephants are on the rise, with 29 either shot or poisoned last year, including 14 in Aceh province. The report came 3 days after 2 dead Sumatran elephants were found near a paper plantation in Riau, allegedly poisoned by poachers.
    (AP, 6/4/13)

2013        Jun 10, Thai police said they found 14 albino lions imported from Africa and hundreds of other protected animals in a warehouse near Bangkok. Pet shop owner Montri Boonprom-on (41) was arrested and faced up to four years in jail and a fine of 40,000 baht ($1,300).
    (AP, 6/10/13)

2013        Jun 22, In southern England four-year-old colt Thomas Chippendale collapsed and died shortly after winning the Hardwicke Stakes at Royal Ascot.
    (Reuters, 6/22/13)

2013        Jun 26, Scientists from the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society and other groups announced that a previously unknown bird species has been discovered in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The wren-sized Cambodian tailorbird, Orthotomus chaktomuk, is one of two species unique to Cambodia.
    (AP, 6/26/13)
2013        Jun 26, In the Czech Rep. 11 people branded themselves in Prague in support of animal rights. A public branding in Tel Aviv last year launched the movement, called 269Life. The group's name derives from a number branded on a calf that activists encountered at an Israeli dairy farm last year. They chose its number, 269, as a way to individualize the calf.
    (AP, 6/27/13)

2013        Jun 28, It was reported that a pneumonia outbreak has killed at least 20 bighorn sheep on Old Dad Mountain in California’s Mohave National Preserve. Nevada numbered some 10,000 adult animals in at least 60 mountain ranges.
    (SFC, 6/28/13, p.D5)

2013        Jul 12, The Oregon Fish and Wildlife commission adopted provisions of a lawsuit settlement that will make the state the only one in the West where killing wolves that attack livestock must be a last resort.
    (SFC, 7/13/13, p.A4)
2013        Jul 12, In Spain an American and two Spaniards were gored during a danger-filled sixth bull run of the San Fermin festival, with one loose bull causing panic in the packed streets of the city of Pamplona.
    (AP, 7/12/13)

2013        Jul 13, In Spain the penultimate bull run of the San Fermin festival left at least 23 people injured. Two of the injuries were gorings.
    (AP, 7/13/13)

2013        Jul 14, In Spain a bull gored an Australian woman (23) and left her seriously injured during the final run of this year's annual San Fermin festival. 4 other runners were hospitalized with cuts and bruises.
    (AP, 7/14/13)

2013        Jul 27, In Spain a youth (16) was gored in the back while celebrating the Apostle James feast at Isso, 322 km (200 miles) southeast of Madrid.
    (AP, 7/28/13)

2013        Jul 29, In Peru the annual Andean Yawar Fiesta (Blood Festival) featured the strapping of a female condor to the back of a black bull. The legs of the condor were bandaged and the after 7 minutes the bull was roped and condor was cut loose.
    (SSFC, 8/11/13, p.A7)

2013        Aug 5, In Canada brothers Noah and Connor Barthe, agers 4 and 6, were killed by an African rock python as they slept in their home in Campbellton, New Brunswick. The 100-pound snake had escaped from its enclosure, slithered through a ventilator and fell through the ceiling of their room.
    (SSFC, 8/11/13, p.A4)

2013        Aug 7, Togo’s environment minister said Emile N'Bouke, a high-profile ivory trafficker, has been arrested. Activists said his work has fueled the slaughter of more than 10,000 elephants dating back to the 1970s.
    (AP, 8/8/13)

2013        Aug 11, In Kenya a white rhino was found shot and killed by poachers who cut off its horn in Nairobi National Park, the first poaching death of a rhino in the urban park in six years. The killing brings to 35 the number of rhinos killed in Kenya so far this year, a sharp rise from the 29 killed in total in 2012.
    (AP, 8/13/13)

2013        Aug 27, British farm union officials said a cull of badgers has begun in a bid to halt the spread of cattle tuberculosis. Plans called for about 5,000 badgers to be killed during the six-week program.
    (AP, 8/27/13)

2013        Sep 5, South Africa’s department of environmental affairs said poachers have killed more than 600 rhinos in South Africa so far this year, with losses close to the total number of animals slaughtered in 2012.
    (AFP, 9/5/13)

2013        Sep 10, Romanian lawmakers voted overwhelmingly for a law allowing stray dogs to be put down after a four-year-old boy was mauled to death by a pack of strays last week.
    (AFP, 9/10/13)

2013        Sep 22, In South Africa poachers have killed a record 688 rhinos so far this year, more than the entire number slaughtered in 2012, according to figures issued on today’s World Rhino Day.
    (AFP, 9/22/13)

2013        Sep 24, Zimbabwean authorities said at least 81 elephants have been killed for their ivory tusks by poachers using cyanide poison in water holes in Hwange National Park. The elephant toll soon rose to 91.
    (AP, 9/24/13)(AP, 10/1/13)

2013        Sep 25, Romania's constitutional court ruled that a bill allowing stray dogs to be euthanized is legal, prompting hundreds of dog lovers to block a main road outside Parliament in protest.
    (AP, 9/25/13)

2013        Sep 29, In Sweden wave of jellyfish forced the shut down of Oskarshamn nuclear reactor number 3. By Oct 1 the pipes were cleaned of the jellyfish and engineers prepared to restart the reactor.
    (AP, 10/1/13)

2013        Oct 3, Hong Kong officials said customs agents have seized 189 elephant tusks, valued at about $1.5 million, in the city’s 3rd biggest bust of endangered species products in three months.
    (SFC, 10/4/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 7, A record-breaking storm dropped 4 feet of snow in parts of South Dakota and left over 22,000 homes and businesses without electricity. Tens of thousands of cattle died in South Dakota. The storm also buried parts of Wyoming and Colorado and spawned tornadoes in Nebraska and Iowa. At least 4 people died due to the storm.
    (SFC, 10/8/13, p.A5)(SFC, 10/14/13, p.A4)

2013        Oct 8, Kenyan customs officers seized 2 tons of elephant ivory in a shipments bound for Turkey. This followed a similar seizure on Oct 4.
    (AFP, 10/9/13)

2013        Oct 16, Kenya wildlife officials said they will place microchips in the horn of every rhino in the country in a bid to stamp out a surge in poaching the threatened animals.
    (AFP, 10/16/13)

2013        Oct 18, The Netherlands Supreme Court said municipalities are entitled to to tax dog ownership because they have to pick up the bill for keeping public parks and streets clean.
    (SFC, 10/18/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 19, In southeastern Brazil animal rights activist clashed with police in front of a laboratory in Sao Roque that used dogs for drug tests.
    (AP, 10/19/13)

2013        Oct 21, The Zimbabwe Conservation Task Force said more than 300 elephants and other animals died in July of cyanide poisoning by poachers in Hwange, Zimbabwe's largest game park.
    (AFP, 10/21/13)

2013        Oct 24, Indonesian police probing the murder of a young woman at a luxury villa stumbled upon a secret collection of exotic animals, including a cross-breed of a lion and tiger. The woman (23) had allegedly had her throat slit by a maintenance worker at the property south of the capital Jakarta after she refused his sexual advances.
    (AFP, 10/30/13)

2013        Oct 25, South African official figures showed poachers have killed more than 100 rhinos over the past four weeks, pushing the death toll so far this year towards 800.
    (AP, 10/25/13)

2013        Nov 1, Tanzania’s parliament suspended an anti-poaching campaign, amid a surge of killings of elephant and rhino, to allow investigation of reported seizure of property, torture and killing of suspects.
    (AFP, 11/4/13)

2013        Nov 4, It was reported that scientists are struggling to find the trigger for a disease that appears to be ravaging starfish in record numbers along the US West Coast. The deadly syndrome, known as "star wasting disease," caused the sea creatures to lose their limbs and turn to slime in a matter of days. The disease was first detected in tide pools this summer along the coast of Monterey, Ca.
    (Reuters, 11/4/13)(SFC, 12/9/13, p.A13)

2013        Nov 6, It was reported that a total of 20 dead whales have been discovered along Ghana's coastline in the last four years, including at least eight since September. Environmental groups said they are concerned, given the proximity of the discoveries to the country's new offshore petroleum industry.
    (AFP, 11/6/13)

2013        Nov 14, US officials in Colorado destroyed over six tons of confiscated ivory tusks, carvings and jewelry, accumulated over the last 25 years at the National Wildlife Property Repository.
    (SFC, 11/15/13, p.A7)

2013        Nov 15, In Ohio six horses were killed on rural roads after over three dozen escaped from a farm near Covington. Three people injured in the road accidents.
    (SFC, 11/16/13, p.A6)

2013        Nov 17, In Kenya poachers infiltrated the privately owned Lewa Wildlife Conservancy during the full moon and killed Meluaya," a 17-year-old black rhino suspected to have been heavily pregnant and with a two-year-old calf.
    (AFP, 11/19/13)

2013        Nov 20, Animal rights group PETA urged shoppers to boycott products made from angora rabbit fur, after it released footage of fur being plucked from the skins of live rabbits on Chinese farms.
    (AFP, 11/20/13)

2013        Nov 30, In Australia a shark attack killed Zach Young (19) as he body boarded near the northern New South Wales city of Coffs Harbor in the nation's second deadly attack this month.
    (AP, 11/30/13)

2013        Nov, Chinese officials signed two agreements to import 500,000 cattle and three million pigs from Romania over the next few years.
    (AP, 11/31/13)

2013        Dec 2, In Hawaii a shark attack killed a kayak fisherman off Maui.
    (SFC, 12/3/13, p.A7)

2013        Dec 3, In Florida a number of pilot whales were spotted in extremely shallow water in the Everglades park south of Naples. 22 whales died after a pod of 51 was first spotted.
    (SFC, 12/6/13, p.A12)(SFC, 12/9/13, p.A8)

2013        Dec 4, In Botswana the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) said key states, where the illegal ivory trade flourishes, have pledged to take urgent measures to try to halt the illicit trade and secure elephant populations across Africa.
    (AFP, 12/4/13)

2013        Dec 7, Two Japanese whaling ships and a surveillance vessel left for the annual hunt in the Antarctic Sea. The three ships departed from the western port of Shimonoseki to join other ships to hunt up to 935 Antarctic minke whales and up to 50 fin whales through March.
    (AFP, 12/7/13)

2013        Dec 11, The US FDA said it will begin curbing the use of some medically important antibiotics commonly fed to animals to fatten them up for market. A 3-year plan to implement this was called the Veterinary Feed Directive.
    (SFC, 12/12/13, p.A1)

2013        Dec 16, Environmentalists filed a lawsuit against the US National Marines Fisheries Service to demand that it force the Navy to consider alternatives to its 5-year plan that will intensify sonar use off southern California and Hawaii. The Navy had already estimated that its activitescould kill hundreds of whales and dolphins.
    (SFC, 12/17/13, p.A5)

2013        Dec 19, In New Jersey a Chinese citizen, the admitted ringleader of an international smuggling operation that trafficked in $4.5 million worth of rhinoceros horns, ivory cups and trinkets, pleaded guilty in federal court.
    (AP, 12/20/13)
2013        Dec 19, South Africa’s environmental ministry said the country has lost nearly 1,000 rhinos this year in a poaching surge to feed the black-market demand for their horns.
    (AFP, 12/19/13)

2013        Dec 20, Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete sacked four ministers following accusations of abuses committed by security forces during a huge operation against wildlife poaching.
    (Reuters, 12/21/13)

2013        Dec 21, Florida’s Fish and Wildlife Research Institute said annual manatee deaths topped 800 for the first time since record-keeping began in the 1970s.
    (SSFC, 12/22/13, p.A9)

2013        Dec 24, The Zambia Wildlife Authority said it has arrested two people in possession of more than 115 kg (250 pounds) of ivory.
    (AP, 12/24/13)

2013        Dec 27, In Indonesia Ambar Arianto Mulyo (59), a Bali Hyatt hotel security employee, was strangled to death after he tried to capture a 15-foot python.
    (SFC, 12/28/13, p.A2)

2013        Dec 29, A Tanzanian official said the country has been hit by a sharp upsurge in poaching, with at least 60 elephants killed in the two months since the government was forced to halt a controversial crackdown.
    (AFP, 12/30/13)

2013        Dec 31, Utah officials said an unprecedented wintertime outbreak of West Nile virus has killed more than two dozen bald eagles in the state and thousands of water birds around the Great Salt Lake.
    (Reuters, 12/31/13)

2013        In South Africa 1,004 rhinos were poached in the country this year, a 50 percent increase from 2012.
    (AFP, 1/17/14)

2014        Jan 6, China destroyed about 6 tons of illegal ivory from its stockpile in an unprecedented move wildlife groups say shows growing concern about the black market trade by authorities in the world's biggest market for elephant tusks.
    (AP, 1/6/14)

2014        Jan 10, Namibia wildlife authorities defended the auction of permits to hunt black rhino, saying the kill was aimed at conserving the endangered species.
    (AFP, 1/10/14)

2014        Jan 11, A permit to hunt a black rhino in Namibia sold for $350,000 at an auction in Dallas with proceeds going to protect the endangered animals despite protests from animal rights groups that saw the sale as immoral conservation.
    (Reuters, 1/11/14)
2014        Jan 11, Tanzania said its elephant population, beset by poaching for ivory, has plummeted by two-thirds in the past three-and-a-half decades.
    (AFP, 1/11/14)

2014        Jan 13, In Thailand an American woman went missing in Kaeng Krachan National Park. Her body was found five days later, apparently trampled by elephants.
    (SFC, 1/24/14, p.A2)

2014        Jan 14, It was reported that canine distemper virus has killed four tigers and several other animals across northern and eastern India.
    (SFC, 1/14/14, p.A5)
2014        Jan 14, In India the body of a woman, killed by a tiger prowling for food, was found Uttar Pradesh state. She was the animal’s 7th victim.
    (SFC, 1/16/14, p.A2)
2014        Jan 14, In New Zealand at least 13 pilot whales were beached on a remote coastline and conservation officials desperately battled to prevent another 50 from reaching the shore.
    (AFP, 1/14/14)

2014        Jan 17, South Africa said 1,004 rhinos were poached in the country last year, a 50 percent increase from 2012. This January saw at least 40 rhinos killed by poachers in Krueger National Park. Rangers and defense forces killed at least 11 poachers this month.
    (AFP, 1/17/14)(SSFC, 1/26/14, p.A4)

2014        Jan 21, Australia’s federal government granted an exemption from environmental laws to approve a Western Australian shark mitigation plan, which is aimed at reducing the risks to water users after six fatal attacks in the past two years.
    (AFP, 1/21/14)
2014        Jan 21, Fishermen in Japan began slaughtering dozens of bottlenose dolphins in Taiji, ignoring protesters’ calls to spare the animals and a rare public show of concern by the US government.
    (AP, 1/21/14)

2014        Jan 22, In southern India forest officials in Tamil Nadu state shot dead a tiger suspected of killing three people, ending its three-week reign of terror which forced dozens of schools to close.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)

2014        Jan 23, A group of dead pilot whales, 16 females and 9 males, were spotted by boaters near Kice Island, Florida. Earlier this week, eight other whales were found dead after they swam into shallow waters near Fort Myers. Necropsies began the next day.
    (Reuters, 1/25/14)(SFC, 1/25/14, p.A5)
2014        Jan 23, Japanese fishermen in Taiji killed more than two dozen striped dolphins, as global outrage over the slaughter grew.
    (AFP, 1/23/14)

2014        Jan 26, In northern Australia a crocodile was suspected to have taken a boy (12) after attacking his friend as they swam in a water hole in at Mudginberri Billabong in World Heritage-listed Kakadu National Park.
    (AP, 1/26/14)

2014        Jan 26, A shark was shot and killed in Western Australian under a new strategy to protect swimmers.
    (Econ, 2/1/14, p.35) 
2014        Jan 26, Kenya officials said poachers have slaughtered a rhino in the capital's Nairobi National Park, a brazen attack flouting tough new laws designed to stem a surge of such killings.
    (AFP, 1/26/14)

2014        Jan 27, In Las Vegas the Prince and Princess pet store was torched. Firefighters rescued 27 puppies alive. Videos showed Gloria Eun Hye Lee, a US citizen originally from South Korea, and a man torching the store. Lee was arrested on Feb 7 and accomplice Kirk Bills was arrested in Indiana.
    (AP, 2/8/14)

2014        Jan 28, A Kenyan court ordered a Chinese man to pay $230,000 in fines or be jailed seven years for ivory smuggling in the first of what will likely be many cases as authorities implement a stringent new law to deter illegal trading in wildlife products.
    (AP, 1/28/14)
2014        Jan 28, Togo police said they have arrested 3 men after discovering nearly two tons of ivory in a container marked for shipping to Vietnam.
    (AP, 1/28/14)

2014        Jan 29, In San Francisco Michael Kwong (42) was cited for being in violation of a 2011 state ban on shark fins. Authorities seized 2,138 pounds of shark for sale at his Kwong Yip Inc. business.
    (SFC, 2/15/14, p.C2)

2014        Feb 3, Peruvian officials said more than 400 dead dolphins were found last month on its northern Pacific coast.
    (SFC, 2/4/14, p.A2)
2014        Feb 3, A pest control company which has been killing stray dogs in Sochi for years said that it has a contract to exterminate more of the animals throughout the Olympics.
    (AP, 2/3/14)

2014        Feb 6, In France more than 3 tons of illegal ivory seized by customs agents was pulverized into dust in Europe's first destruction of a stockpile of the banned elephant tusks.
    (AP, 2/6/14)

2014        Feb 8, A Russian animal rights activist was detained in Moscow after he and two others protested the country's policy of killing stray dogs in Sochi.
    (AP, 2/8/14)

2014        Feb 9, Denmark’s Copenhagen Zoo killed a 2-year-old giraffe and fed its remains to lions as visitors watched, ignoring a petition signed by thousands and offers from other zoos and a private individual to save the animal.
    (AP, 2/9/14)
2014        Feb 9, In northern India a tiger prowling near villages killed its 10th person in six weeks, a day after eluding a trap set by hunters with a live calf as bait.
    (AP, 2/10/14)

2014        Feb 11, Brazil’s Environment Minsitry said it will begin a program to save the endangered three-banded armadillo, the mascot for this year’s World Cup.
    (SFC, 2/12/14, p.A2)

2014        Feb 17, Cambodian police arrested two Vietnamese men who were trying to smuggle almost 80 kg (176 pounds) of illegal ivory from Angola.
    (AP, 2/17/14)

2014        Feb, The Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System began operating in the Mohave Desert on the California-Nevada border. Birds began to immediately catch fire and burn in flight from the intense radiation of the heliostat mirrors. Trials in September, 2013, counted 34 bird deaths.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivanpah_Solar_Power_Facility)(SSFC, 8/24/14, p.C10)
2014        Feb, A declaration against the trade in illegal wildlife products was signed by 41 countries including, China, the EU and Japan.
    (Econ, 7/19/14, p.54)

2014        Mar 3, The UN Environmental Program marked its first ever World Wildlife Day to raise awareness about an illicit global trade in illegal timber, elephant ivory and rhino horns worth an estimated $19 billion.
    (AP, 3/3/14)

2014        Mar 14, Howard Buffett, son of investor Warren Buffett, pledged nearly $24 million for protecting rhinos in South Africa, earmarking the money for ranger teams, sniffer dogs and other security measures in what he hopes can be a robust model for fighting what he calls the "overwhelming" problem of poaching in parts of Africa.
    (AP, 3/15/14)

2014        Mar 19, In Kenya scientist Richard Leakey and Paula Kahumbu, the founding former chairman of the Kenya Wildlife Service, urged Kenya's Pres. Uhuru Kenyatta to invoke emergency measures to protect the country's elephants and rhinos from a poaching crisis sweeping Africa.
    (AP, 3/19/14)

2014        Mar 25, Kenya’s wildlife authority said it needs help to curb the killings of elephants and rhinos for their tusks and horns. Poachers this year have killed 18 rhinos and 51 elephants.
    (SFC, 3/26/14, p.A2)
2014        Mar 25, Singapore authorities intercepted about one ton of ivory worth $1.6 million in a shipping container from Africa marked as carrying coffee berries.
    (AFP, 4/3/14)

2014        Mar 31, The International Court of Justice ordered a temporary halt to Japan's Antarctic whaling program, ruling that it is not for scientific purposes as the Japanese government had claimed.
    (AP, 3/31/14)

2014        Apr 1, In northern Myanmar illegal Chinese logging and demand for monkey bones threatened the rare snub-nosed monkey according to British-based Fauna & Flora International. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) estimated that only 260 to 330 survive in the wild.
    (AP, 4/1/14)

2014        Apr 3, In Australia a large shark killed Christine Armstrong (63) near her terrified husband and friends as they took their daily morning swim off a popular east coast beach near the village of Tathra.
    (AP, 4/3/14)

2014        Apr 9, It was reported that a virus, never before seen in the US, has killed millions of baby pigs since porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) first showed up in May, 2013.
    (SFC, 4/9/14, p.A5)
2014        Apr 9, Belgian authorities destroyed over 1,500 kilos (3,300 pounds) of ivory that had been seized by customs over the past three decades to serve as a warning to international smugglers who kill elephants daily for their tusks.
    (AP, 4/9/14)

2014        Apr 10, US wildlife agencies in Michigan and Wisconsin said they have confirmed diagnoses of white-nose syndrome in tested bats. The fungal disease has killed millions on North American bats since 2006 and has now been detected in half of the US.
    (SFC, 4/11/14, p.A6)
2014        Apr 10, In Utah Iron County workers accompanied by a US Bureau of Land Management (BLM) staffer set up the first in a series of metal corrals designed to trap and hold the horses on private land abutting the federal range until they can be moved to BLM facilities for adoption. Cattle ranchers blamed the protected wild horses for destroying vegetation crucial to ranchers who pay to graze their cattle on the land.
    (Reuters, 4/12/14)

2014        Apr 11, Kenya's Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources said the central government will oversee the running of the country's wildlife authority for the next three months in a bid to stop poaching of the country's elephants and rhinos.
    (AP, 4/11/14)

2014        Apr 12, US officials ended a stand-off with hundreds of armed protesters in the Nevada desert, calling off the government's roundup of cattle it said were illegally grazing on federal land and giving about 300 animals back to the rancher who owned them.
    (Reuters, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 12, In Florida a bear attacked Terri Frana (45) in the driveway of her home in Lake Mary. Wildlife officials soon killed 5 bears, but were unsure if they included the bear that attacked Frana.
    (SFC, 4/15/14, p.A6)

2014        Apr 15, In China a government owned company that bred bears for traditional medicines agreed to convert itself in to a sanctuary. Some 70 bear farms, with bears caged for their bile, were believed to be still operating in the country.
    (SFC, 4/16/14, p.A4)
2014        Apr 15, Hundreds of pro-whaling Japanese officials, lawmakers and lobby group members vowed to continue whale hunts despite a world court ruling that ordered the country to halt its Antarctic whaling program.
    (AP, 4/15/14)

2014        Apr 17, Debbie Vincent (52), a former soldier who underwent a sex change, was jailed for six years for her part in a Europe-wide campaign of intimidation targeting a leading animal testing company. The British animal rights activist was found guilty last month for her part in a conspiracy to blackmail British-based Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS).
    (AP, 4/17/14)

2014        Apr 18, In South Africa a rhino was found killed in the Dinokeng Game Reserve with a single bullet from a high-powered rifle. Poachers cut off its horns in the first such incident since the reserve officially opened in 2011. About 300 have been killed so far this year in South Africa.
    (AP, 5/2/14)

2014        Apr 19, In South Africa robbers broke into a provincial parks office in Nelspruit and used a machine tool called a grinder to break into a safe holding several dozen rhino horns worth a fortune on the illegal market in parts of Asia. On June 9 police said two men have been arrested in connection with the theft, worth about $5.2 million.
    (AP, 4/22/14)(Reuters, 6/9/14)

2014        Apr 26, A Japanese whaling fleet of four ships left port under tight security in the first hunt since the UN's top court last month ordered Tokyo to stop killing whales in the Antarctic.
    (AFP, 4/26/14)

2014        May 1, The Navajo Nation and a group led by New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson and actor Robert Redford said they have agreed on a plan to manage thousands of wild horses on the navajo reservation and keep the animals from being slaughtered.
    (SFC, 5/2/14, p.A7)

2014        May 2, Kenya wildlife authorities caught two police officers with six pieces of ivory at a road block while travelling from the central town of Meru to Nairobi.
    (AP, 5/3/14)

2014        May 6, The Philippines seized a Chinese fishing boat and its 11 crewmen on charges of catching endangered sea turtles in disputed South China Sea waters, prompting China to demand their release and accuse Manila of being provocative.
    (AP, 5/7/14)

2014        May 8, Indian scientists reported the discovery of 14 new species of so-called dancing frogs in the jungle mountains of southern India — just in time, they fear, to watch them fade away.
    (AP, 5/8/14)

2014        May 9, Cambodian authorities intercepted 3 tons of illegal ivory that was stashed in shipping containers, its largest such seizure.
    (AP, 5/9/14)

2014        May 15, Hong Kong started incinerating its nearly 30-ton stockpile of confiscated ivory to show it's serious about cracking down on an illegal wildlife trade that is devastating Africa's elephant population.
    (AP, 5/15/14)

2014        May 16, German authorities said they have arrested a Mexican man (44) at the Frankfurt Airport after finding his suitcase full of snakes, turtles and lizards, including endangered species.
    (AP, 5/16/14)
2014        May 16, South Africa said it has suffered its first elephant poaching incident in 10 years this week at the country's largest game reserve.
    (Reuters, 5/16/14)

2014        Jun 1, The crown prince of Abu Dhabi and other international donors said they are committing a combined $80 million to fund the conservation of lions, tigers and other wild cats.
    (AP, 6/1/14)

2014        Jun 5, Utah’s Wildlife Board voted 3-2 to hold its first ever crow hunt this fall as authorities try to contain the noise and mess from a population of the big, black birds that officials say has tripled over the last 12 years. Crows are protected by the US Fish and Wildlife Service under the 1918 Migratory Bird Treaty, but about 45 states allow them to be hunted.
    (Reuters, 6/6/14)
2014        Jun 5, Kenyan authorities said they have seized 228 whole elephant tusks and 74 others in pieces as they were being packed for export in the port city of Mombasa.
    (Reuters, 6/5/14)

2014        Jun 8, Australian police found human remains inside a large crocodile that is believed to have snatched a man from a boat in a popular national park. Police found the remains inside a 4.7-meter (15-foot, 5-inch) saltwater crocodile that park rangers shot while searching for a 62-year-old man who was attacked a day earlier in Kakadu National Park.
    (AP, 6/8/14)

2014        Jun 13, In South Africa’s Johannesburg-based African Parks group said that since mid-May at least 68 elephants have been slaughtered by poachers over the last two months using chain saws and helicopters in the 5,000 square km (1,900 square mile) Garamba National Park in Congo.
    (AP, 6/13/14)

2014        Jun 26, In India a Bengal tiger snatched Sushil Manzhi as he was crab fishing with his son and daughter off a boat in a mangrove swamp in Sunderbans National Park, West Bengal state.
    (SFC, 6/28/14, p.A2)

2014        Jul 2, The wildlife group TRAFFIC said the number of ivory products on sale in Bangkok nearly trebled from 5,865 in January last year to 14,512 in May 2014.
    (AFP, 7/2/14)

2014        Jul 11,  In Thailand the manager of the conservation center said poachers have killed and sawed the tusks off Klao, a 50-year-old elephant that performed in Thai royal processions and was featured in Oliver Stone's 2004 movie "Alexander."
    (AP, 7/11/14)

2014        Jul 18, The Obama administration approved the use of sonic cannons to discover oil deposits under the ocean floor of the Eastern seaboard. The sounds posed real danges for whales, fish and sea turtles.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A4)

2014        Jul 23, A South African court jailed a rhino poacher for 77 years, one of the heaviest sentences handed out for the crime as poaching continues to escalate. Mandla Chauke was arrested in the iconic Kruger National Park in 2011 after he killed three rhino calves. This month two Mozambicans were each jailed 16 years for killing and dehorning rhino.
    (AFP, 7/23/14)

2014        Jul 29, Japan announced that it had wrapped up a whale hunt in the Pacific, the second campaign since the UN's top court ordered Tokyo to halt a separate slaughter in the Antarctic. The country's fisheries agency said 115 whales were killed during the two-and-a-half month campaign.
    (AFP, 7/29/14)

2014        Aug 1, In Kenya journalist Godwin Chepkurgor was attacked and killed while on assignment for a magazine by a bull elephant that scooped him up with its trunk and threw him in the air. In 2005 Chepkurgor made headlines after revealing that he had written Clinton to ask for daughter Chelsea's hand in 2000 during the then-president's visit to Kenya.
    (AP, 8/6/14)
2014        Aug 1, It was reported that the New Zealand government has approved a massive airdrop of biodegradable poison 1080 over 4,000 square miles to kill some 30 million rats and 25,000 weasels, that threaten the native wildlife population.
    (www.earthweek.com/2014/ew140801/ew140801b.html)

2014        Aug 12, Kenya Wildlife Direct chief executive Paula Kahumbu delivered a petition on this World Elephant Day calling for the arrest of Feizal Ali Mohamed, whom Wildlife Direct alleges is a Mombasa-based businessman evading an arrest warrant in relation to a massive ivory seizure in June.
    (AP, 8/12/14)

2014        Aug 20, New Zealand said it will ban the practice of shark finning.
    (SFC, 8/21/14, p.A2)

2014        Aug 27, Muslims for Human Rights alleged that corrupt Kenyan wildlife rangers have been killing poachers to cover up the officers' collusion with the criminals slaughtering the country's elephants. The group has documented the disappearances of 18 suspected poachers over the last three years.
    (AP, 8/27/14)

2014        Sep 7, China’s Xinhua News Agency reported that authorities have killed some 4,900 dogs in Baoshan, Yunnan province, after blaming five human deaths on rabies. The city of vaccinated another 100,000 in its anti-rabies campaign and issued an urgent order calling for authorities to tightly regulate dogs and kill stray ones.
    (AP, 9/7/14)
2014        Sep 7, Four Japanese ships left the northern island of Hokkaido to start the seasonal "research" whaling hunt in Pacific coastal waters.
    (AFP, 9/7/14)
2014        Sep 7, In Mozambique six suspected poachers were arrested in the Niassa National Reserve wildlife reserve, home to about two-thirds of the country’s elephants.
    (AP, 9/14/14)

2014        Sep 16, In Japan the first dolphins of the season were slaughtered in the small town of Taiji.
    (AFP, 9/16/14)

2014        Sep 17, Japan agreed to cut purchases of eel fry from neighboring countries by 20 percent as part of moves to protect the endangered species. The agreement with China, South Korea and Taiwan called for reducing eel hauls by 20 percent for one year, beginning in November.
    (AP, 9/18/14)

2014        Sep 18, In Slovenia an international whaling conference voted against Japan's highly criticized plans to resume whaling in the Antarctic next year, but Japan vowed to go ahead anyway.
    (AP, 9/18/14)

2014        Sep 21, In South Africa a ranger and two other employees of the country’s parks service were arrested on suspicion of rhino poaching in Kruger National Park, the country's flagship wildlife reserve.
    (AP, 9/22/14)

2014        Sep 30, The Swiss-based WWF issued a report saying about 3,000 species of wildlife around the world have seen their numbers plummet far worse than previously thought.
    (AP, 9/30/14)

2014        Oct 4, Thousands marched in Africa and around the world to pressure governments to do more to stop the poaching industry that many fear is driving rhinos and elephants to the brink of extinction. The Global March for Elephants and Rhinos, took place in 136 cities and towns across six continents.
    (AFP, 10/5/14)

2014        Oct 29, Australian scientists said they have successfully tested a vaccine against chlamydia in wild koalas, in what they believe is a breakthrough in combating the sexually-transmitted disease ravaging the native marsupial.
    (AFP, 10/29/14)

2014        Nov 2, Indian authorities set fire to a stockpile of tiger skins, elephant tusks, rhino horns and other illegal animal parts in an effort to discourage wildlife smuggling in South Asia.
    (AP, 11/2/14)

2014        Nov 17, US researchers said they have identified a virus that has been wiping out starfish along the US Pacific coast. It was identified as a densovirus, a type of parvovirus, and was said to have also been found in museum specimans dating back to 1942.
    (SFC, 11/18/14, p.A1)
2014        Nov 17, A Ugandan official said local police are investigating the disappearance more than a ton of ivory, valued at $1.1 million, from a government vault.
    (AP, 11/17/14)

2014        Nov 18, A South Dakota a girl (8) was attacked and killed by a pack of dogs on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. Oglala Sioux officials rounded up a horse trailer full of dogs  and killed them on Nov 20.
    (SFC, 11/22/14, p.A5)
2014        Nov 18, Japan slashed its whale catch target in the Antarctic by two-thirds in a bid to resume its annual whale hunt, which an international court ruled must stop.
    (AP, 11/18/14)

2014        Nov 19, Indonesian authorities said two endangered Sumatran elephants were found dead this week near a palm oil plantation in the Tebo district of Jambi province on Sumatra island. Authorities believed they were killed by poachers.
    (AP, 11/20/14)

2014        Nov 26, China's official Xinhua News Agency said that a tiger, named Ustin, bit and killed 15 goats and left another three missing On Nov 23-24. Russian experts rescued five tiger cubs two years ago. Ustin was one of three released by Pres. Putin in May in a remote part of the Amur region.
    (AP, 11/26/14)

2014        Nov 28, In southern Nepal a two-day festival, believed to be the largest animal sacrifice ritual in the world, began. More than 5,000 buffaloes were ritually killed during the day. Devotees of the festival, held every five years, believe the sacrifices bring good luck and a Hindu goddess will grant their wishes.
    (AP, 11/28/14)

2014        Dec 3, The California Fish and Game Commission voted 4-1 to ban predator killing contests.
    (SFC, 12/6/14, p.C1)
2014        Dec 3, In South Africa golfer Jacques van der Sandt (29) was grabbed and killed by a crocodile while retrieving gold balls from Lake Panic dam in Kruger National Park. Rangers killed the crocodile after a two-hour search.  
    (SFC, 12/5/14, p.A2)

2014        Dec 8, US federal authorities said a dolphin was lethally shot by a hunting arrow in the northern Gulf of Mexico, the second violent killing of the protected animal in recent weeks. Harming, harassing or feeding a wild dolphin is prohibited under the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972.
    (Reuters, 12/10/14)

2014        Dec 9, The Save the Elephants group reported that street prices for illegal ivory are soaring in China, where newly wealthy middle and upper class citizens are buying carved ivory and whole tusks as a status symbol of their riches.
    (AP, 12/9/14)

2014        Dec 10, Poland's constitutional court overturned a ban on the ritual slaughter of animals which had affected the Jewish and Muslim communities.
    (AP, 12/10/14)

2014        Dec 13, South African authgorities said rangers killed 3 rhino poachers in the past week in a flurry of shootouts in Kruger National Park.
    (AP, 12/13/14)

2014        Dec 19, A federal judge restored US Endangered Species Act protections to gray wolves in the western Great Lakes. Federal wildlife biologists counted nearly 4,400 wolves in Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin when the animals were removed from the federal endangered and threatened species list in 2012. Estimates this year suggest the region is home to 3,748 wolves, a decline mostly due to hunting and trapping.
    (AP, 12/20/14)

2014        Dec 22, A grand jury in Baltimore returned indictments against 22 people involved in a multi-state dog-fighting ring. 225 dogs and at least 20 weapons were recovered following raids in Baltimore and West Virginia.
    (SFC, 12/23/14, p.A5)
2014        Dec 22, Kenyan police arrested Feisal Mohammed Ali, an alleged ivory trafficker, at a rental house in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. On Dec 24 a Kenyan court charged him with smuggling tusks.
    (AP, 12/23/14)(AFP, 12/24/14)

2014        Dec 24, Zimbabwe wildlife authorities announced plans to export at least 62 elephants to top up scant state funding and curb a ballooning pachyderm population.
    (AFP, 12/24/14)

2014        Dec 30, Chinese state media reported that a man, identified as a rich businessmen surnamed Xu, has been jailed for 13 years for buying and eating endangered tigers and making wine made out of their blood.
    (Reuters, 12/31/14)

2014        Dec 31, Hong Kong authorities began destroying 15,000 chickens at a poultry market and suspended imports from mainland China after some birds were found to be infected with bird flu.
    (AP, 12/31/14)

2014        Noah Strycker, American field biologist, authored “The Thing with feathers: The Surprising Lives of Birds and What They Reveal About Being Human."
    (Econ, 4/5/14, p.74)
2014        The slaughter of rhinos in South Africa hit a new record this year with poachers killing 1,215 of the iconic savannah animals as Asian-led demand for their horn showed no sign of abating.
    {South Africa,  Animal}
    (AFP, 1/22/15)

2015        Jan 1, In Tanzania six lions were killed overnight by angry Maasai herders following an attack on livestock.
    (AFP, 1/1/15)

2015        Jan 4, In eastern India 14 langur monkeys died after snatching and then eating biscuits laced with rat poison being sold by a hawker in West Bengal state. The hawker who fled in the aftermath of the deaths.
    (AFP, 1/5/15)

2015        Jan 5, In South Africa 2 suspected rhino poachers were shot dead after they opened fire on rangers in South Africa's Kruger National Park.
    (Reuters, 1/5/15)

2015        Jan 10, A male camel in rut trampled two people to death at the Camel Kisses farm in north Texas.
     (Reuters, 1/11/15)

2015        Jan 14, In India wildlife rangers shot 3 suspected poachers dead in a gunbattle in remote northeastern Kaziranga National Park, Assam state.
    (AP, 1/14/15)

2015        Jan 16, Zimbabwe's government says it must export elephants to raise funds for wildlife management. About 60 elephants will be sold for between $40,000 and $60,000 each to China, France and the United Arab Emirates.
    (AP, 1/16/15)

2015        Jan 20, Animal rescuers said some 100 birds have been found dead and more than 300 others coated with an unidentified glue-like compound mostly along the eastern shoreline of SF Bay.
    (SFC, 1/21/15, p.A1)(SFC, 1/22/15, p.A8)
2015        Jan 20, Indian officials said a 2014 census found at least 2,226 tigers in forests across the country, up from 1,707 count3ed in 2010.
    (SFC, 1/21/15, p.A2)

2015        Jan 23, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission said about 10 brown pelicans have died, and another four injured after a culprit apparently used a knife to slit the large gullets beneath their beaks. Officials issued an alert last week about the deaths.
    (Reuters, 1/23/15)

2015        Jan 31, Mexican investigators said 150 green sea turtles have been found dead in the Ojo de Liebre lagoon, on the Pacific side of Baja California Sur state. The federal environmental protection agency suspected that that lowered temperatures in the region may have caused the deaths. Earlier this month the bodies of 14 gray whales were found in the lagoon.
    (AP, 2/1/15)(SFC, 2/2/15, p.A2)

2015        Feb 1, In Pakistan an advance party arrived in a C-130 transport plane for Saudi Prince Fahd bin Sultan bin Abdulaziz to visit the southwestern desert region to hunt the Houbara bustard, a bird supposedly protected by law. He led a hunting party to Baluchistan last year that officials said killed more than 2,000 bustards.
    (AFP, 2/2/15)

2015        Feb 4, A Vietnamese police officer said authorities have buried thousands of cats, many apparently still alive, that were seized last week after being smuggled in a truck from China for restaurants. The truck driver to whom the cargo belonged, was fined 7.5 million dong ($360).
    (AP, 2/4/15)

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