Timeline of Baseball

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Baseball Master
1791        A document was released in 2004 from Pittsfield, Mass., that contained a 1791 bylaw to protect the windows of a new meeting house from baseball players.
    (SFC, 5/12/04, p.A2)

1819        Jun 26, Abner Doubleday (d.1893), Civil War General, was born. He was incorrectly credited with inventing American baseball.
    (HN, 6/26/99)(WSJ, 7/19/01, p.A20)

1820        Apr 17, Alexander Cartwright, sportsman, was born. He developed baseball.
    (HN, 4/17/01)

1839        Jun 12, Baseball was said to have been invented. According to legend Abner Doubleday chased cows out of Elihu Phiney’s pasture and invented the game of baseball at Cooperstown, New York, later home of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and the Cooperstown Bat Company. In 1939 on the 100th anniversary of the day Abner Doubleday supposedly invented the sport, the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum was dedicated in Cooperstown, N.Y. Americans began playing baseball in the 1840s. It was derived from the British game called rounders.
    (SFE, 10/1/95, p.T-11)(AP, 6/12/97)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(WSJ, 7/19/01, p.A20)

1852        In San Francisco the Daily Alta California reported on “full grown persons engaged very industriously in the game known as town ball.”
    (SFC, 9/21/13, p.C1)

1867        Mar 29, Cy Young, major league baseball pitcher with the most wins (509 or 511 total) , was born.
    (HN, 3/29/02)

1868        San Francisco’s first real ballpark, the Recreation Grounds, was built at 25th and Folsom. Some 4 thousand fans watched the SF Eagles beat the Oakland Wide Awakes.
    (SFC, 9/21/13, p.C3)

1869        Mar 15, Cincinnati Red Stockings became the 1st pro baseball team.
    (MC, 3/15/02)

1870        Baseball was brought to Japan by American missionaries.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6xjluk)(Econ, 3/29/08, p.83)

1871        Baseball's National Association was formed and marks the beginning of the US major leagues.
    (WSJ, 1/30/04, p.A1)

1874        Mar 2, Baseball batter's box was officially adopted.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1876        Feb 2, The National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs with eight teams (Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Hartford, Louisville, New York, Philadelphia, St Louis) was formed in New York.
    (AP, 2/2/97)(HN, 2/2/99)(MC, 2/2/02)

1876        Feb 12, Al Spalding opened a sporting good shop.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1876        Apr 1, The first official NL baseball game took place. Boston beat Philadelphia 6-5.
    (OTD)

1876        Apr 25, The Chicago White Stockings (later Chicago Cubs) beat Louisville 4-0 (1st NL shutout) in the 1st NL game. Albert G. Spalding (1850-1915), former pitcher for the Boston Red Stocking, had joined the Chicago White Stockings after helping form the new National League. His move effectively ended the National Association, baseball’s first professional league. Spalding managed the White Stockings from 1876-1877 and continued as a player to 1878.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yb7u9ou)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Spalding)

1877        Apr 12, The catcher's mask was first used in a baseball game, by James Tyng of Harvard, in an exhibition game against the Live Oaks of Lynn, Mass. In 1878 Frederick Thayer, manager and 3rd baseman for the Harvard team, applied for and received a patent for the mask. Thayer became a lawyer after graduating and in 1886 successfully sued Spalding for patent infringement.
    (AP, 4/12/07)(ON, 6/08, p.12)

1880        Jun 12, Baseball’s first perfect game. The southpaw, left-handed Lee Richmond of the Worcester, Massachusetts, Ruby Legs, pitched himself to perfection with a 1-0 shutout of the Cleveland Spiders in a National League game.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1883        May 23, The first baseball game between one-armed and one-legged players was played.
    (HN, 5/23/98)

1883        Jun 2, The first baseball game under electric lights was played in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
    (HN, 6/2/98)

1883        Jun 16, The New York Gothams admitted both escorted and unescorted ladies to the baseball park free in the 1st ladies’ day game against the Cleveland Spiders. NY won, 5-2. The club was founded by farming magnate John B. Day and manager Jim Mutrie. The franchise name was reportedly changed to the NY Giants in 1885.
    (HNQ, 12/21/01)(AP, 6/16/03)(SSFC, 3/30/14, p.L7)

1884        Pitcher Charles Radbourn, "Ol Hoss," led his team, the Providence Grays, to baseball’s National League pennant.
    (SSFC, 12/17/00, BR p.11)

1884        Moses Fleetwood Walker, a black man, played 42 games for the Toledo Blue Stockings of the American Association.
    (WSJ, 1/30/04, p.A1)

1884        In San Francisco Central Park opened at 8th and Market. It featured a new ball park as the popularity of baseball grew.
    (SFC, 9/21/13, p.C3)

1884        Hillerich & Bradsby, makers of the Louisville Slugger bats, was founded, in Louisville, Ky. John A. Hillerich turned a bat, called the Falls City Slugger, for Eclipse slugger Pete “The Old Gladiator” Browning.”
    (SFEC, 7/18/99, p.T8)(SSFC, 7/3/05, p.D4)

1887        Jul 16, "Shoeless" Joe Jackson, black sox player (Say it ain’t so, Joe), was born.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1887        Aug 21, Mighty (Dan) Casey Struck-out in a game with the NY Giants.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1887        In San Francisco the Haight Street Grounds baseball park was built on the eastern edge of Golden Gate Park.
    (SFC, 9/21/13, p.C3)

1888        Jun 3, The poem Casey at the Bat by Ernest Lawrence Thayer was 1st published in the SF Examiner. The poem was based on a game played in Stockton, Ca.
    (SFC, 4/28/05, p.A1)(www.aaronshep.com/rt/RTE23.html)

1890        Aug 6, Cy Young gained the first of his 511 major league victories as he pitched the Cleveland Spiders to a win over the Chicago Colts. However, the score is a matter of dispute, with some sources saying 6-1, and others saying 8-1.
    (AP, 8/6/07)

1890        Sep 1, The 1st baseball tripleheader was between Boston and Pittsburgh.
    (SC, 9/1/02)

1893        Jan 26, Abner Doubleday (b.1819), credited with inventing baseball, died on his 74th birthday.
    (MC, 1/26/02)

1893        Mar 24, George Sisler, baseball player, was born.
    (HN, 3/24/01)

1893        Nov 20, The struggling Western League of Professional Baseball Clubs, meeting in Detroit, Michigan, elected Byron Bancroft Johnson (29), a former ballplayer and Cincinnati sportswriter, as president. He had been recommended by Charles Comiskey, a potential investor in the league and manager of the National League’s Cincinnati Reds.
    (ON, 6/09, p.10)

1894        The Louisville Slugger trademark was registered.
    (SSFC, 7/3/05, p.D4)

1895        Feb 6, George Herman "Babe" Ruth, baseball's most dominant player, was born in Baltimore. He played with the Boston Red Sox, the New York Yankees and the Boston Braves and was the first player to hit 60 home runs in one season.
    (USAT, 1/29/97, p.1D)(AP, 2/6/97)(HN, 2/6/99)

1896        Apr 27, Rogers Hornsby (d.1963), among the greatest hitters in baseball history, was born in Texas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rogers_Hornsby)

1896        The Minneapolis Millers won the Western League baseball pennant. All the stars of the team were soon drafted by the National League and the following year it became one of the worst teams in the Western League.
    (ON, 6/09, p.10)

1897        Mar 4, Lefty O’Doul (d.1969), baseball star, was born in SF in the old Butchertown neighborhood south of Market. He played for the SF Seals, and spent 11 years in the major leagues with the Phillies, Dodgers, Yankees and Giants before returning to manage the Seals and the Pacific Coast League. He was the National League batting champ in 1929 with the Phillies and again in 1932 with the Brooklyn Dodgers.
    (SFC, 3/5/96, p.C1)(SFC, 7/18/97, p.A9)

1899        Nov 4, John Montgomery Ward delivered a manifesto on baseball that said in part: "There was a time when the League stood for integrity and fair dealing…"
    (SFEC, 10/3/99, BR p.4)

1899        Oct 11, Byron Bancroft Johnson, president of baseball’s Western League, renamed it as the American League.
    (ON, 6/09, p.11)

1900        Charles Comiskey, manager of the National League’s Cincinnati Reds, bought the Western League’s St. Paul team and moved it to Chicago as the White Stockings.
    (ON, 6/09, p.11)

1901        Jan 28, Byron Bancroft Johnson announced that the American League would play the 1901 baseball season as a major league and would not renew its membership in the National Agreement. The new league would include Baltimore and Washington, DC, recently abandoned by the National League. The league would also invade 4 cities where National League teams existed: Boston, Cleveland, Detroit and Philadelphia. The 8 charter teams included: the Baltimore Orioles, Boston Americans, Chicago White Stockings, Cleveland Blues, Detroit Tigers, Milwaukee Brewers, Philadelphia Athletics, and Washington Senators
    (ON, 6/09, p.11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_League)

1901        Apr 25, Erve Beck hit the 1st home run in the American League.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1901        Apr 25, In last of 9th, Detroit Tigers, trailing by 13-4, score 10 runs to win one of the greatest comebacks in baseball (1st game in Detroit).
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1902        Jul 2, John J. McGraw became manager of NY Giants and stayed for 30 years.
    (SC, 7/2/02)

1902        The Baltimore Orioles baseball team was sold at the end of the season to former police chief Bill Devery and casino operator Frank Farrell of New York, and moved to NYC to play as the New York Highlanders.
    (ON, 6/09, p.12)

1903        Jan, The American League and the National League representatives met in Cincinnati and produced the rough outlines of a deal in which each would maintain independence, but coordinate schedules.
    (ON, 6/09, p.12)

1903        May 17, James "Cool Papa" Bell, baseball player, was born.
    (HN, 5/17/01)

1903        Oct 1, The Pittsburgh Pirates defeated the home team Boston Pilgrims (Red Sox), 7-3, in the first World Series game. Boston, however, went on to win the series, five games to three.
    (AP, 10/1/03)

1903        Oct 13, Boston defeated Pittsburgh in baseball’s first World Series. In 2003 Roger I. Abrams authored “The First World Series and the Baseball Fanatics of 1903;” Louis P. Masur authored "Autumn Glory: Baseball's First World Series;" and Bob Ryan authored "When Boston Won the World Series."
    (WSJ, 7/8/96, p.A8)(HN, 10/13/98)(WSJ, 3/28/03, p.W9)(SSFC, 6/8/03, p.M6)

1903        The Pacific Coast League (PCL) was formed for baseball players on the West Coast.
    (SFC, 2/15/14, p.A1)
1903        A skeptical English-born journalist suggested that American baseball is a form of rounders, a British children’s game.
    (Econ, 8/10/13, p.29)

1904        Mar 2, "Official Playing Rules of Professional Base Ball Clubs" was adopted.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1904        May 5, Denton True Young (Cy Young) of the Boston Red Sox pitched the American League's first perfect game as the Boston Red Sox defeated the Philadelphia Athletics, 3-0.
    (SFC, 9/27/99, p.A23)(AP, 5/5/04)

1905        Jun 29, Archibald Wright “Moonlight” Graham (1876-1965) of the New York Giants played for two innings in right field in his only professional baseball game on this day and was promptly forgotten until 1989 when the movie “Field of Dreams” was released. “Moonlight” never got to bat, instead he was left on deck, a late substitute in a lopsided 11-1 win. Graham completed his medical degree from the University of Maryland in 1908. He obtained his license the following year and began practicing medicine in Chisholm, Minnesota.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moonlight_Graham)

1905        Aug 30, Ty Cobb made his major league batting debut, playing for the Detroit Tigers, hitting a double in his first at-bat in a game against the NY Highlanders. The Tigers won, 5-3.
    (AP, 8/30/00)

1906        Apr 22, A new baseball rule put the umpire in sole charge of all game balls.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1906        Jul 27, Leo Durocher, baseball player and manager, was born.
    (HN, 7/27/98)

1907        Dec 30, The Mills Commission issued its final report, concluding that Abner Doubleday was the inventor of the sport of baseball, a claim Doubleday himself had never made. Few, if any, sports historians take this finding seriously.
    (AP, 12/30/07)

1907        In San Francisco Recreation Park was built on the block surrounded by Valencia, Guerrero, 14th and 15th streets. It became the home of the San Francisco Seals until 1930, except for one season in  1914, when they moved to a new field in the Inner Richmond nad found it was cold there.
    (SFC, 9/21/13, p.C3)

1908        Feb 17, Walter Lanier “Red” Barber, baseball announcer for the Cincinnati Reds, the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New York Yankees, was born in Columbus, Miss.
    (HN, 2/17/01)(AP, 2/17/08)

1908        Feb 27, Baseball’s sacrifice fly was adopted. It was repealed in 1931 and reinstated in 1954.
    (MC, 2/27/02)

1908        May 2, The original version of the song "Take Me Out to the Ball Game," with music by Albert Von Tilzer and lyrics by Jack Norworth, was copyrighted by Von Tilzer's York Music Co. It sealed the popularity of Cracker Jacks, a popcorn candy.
    (AP, 5/2/08)(AH, 10/01, p.34)(WSJ, 3/22/08, p.W16)

1908        Sep 23, One of baseball's most famous blunders occurred in a game between the New York Giants and the visiting Chicago Cubs. With the score tied 1-1 in the bottom of the ninth and two runners out, the Giants batted in what should have been the winning run. However, Fred Merkle, who was on first base, began to leave the field apparently without bothering to tag second; the Cubs then claimed to have forced Merkle out. Merkle was eventually ruled out, negating the winning run and leaving the game tied. The Cubs won a rematch game on Oct. 8 and with it, the National League pennant; Chicago then went on to win the World Series.
    (AP, 9/23/08)

1908        Oct 10, The Chicago Cubs won Game 1 of the World Series with a 10-6 victory over the Detroit Tigers at Bennett Park.
    (AP, 10/10/08)

1908        Oct 11, The Chicago Cubs took a 2-0 lead in the World Series, defeating the visiting Detroit Tigers 6-1 at the West Side Grounds.
    (AP, 10/11/08)

1908        Oct 12, The Detroit Tigers beat the Chicago Cubs 8-3 in Game 3 of the World Series, played in Chicago.
    (AP, 10/12/08)

1908        Oct 13, The Chicago Cubs won Game 4 of the World Series, defeating the Detroit Tigers 3-0 to take a 3-1 Series lead.
    (AP, 10/13/08)

1908        Oct 14, The Chicago Cubs won the World Series as they defeated the Detroit Tigers in Game 5, 2-0, at Bennett Park.
    (AP, 10/14/08)

1909        Jun 16, Jim Thorpe made his pro baseball pitching debut for Rocky Mount (ECL) with a 4-2 win. This later caused him to forfeit his Olympic medals.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1909        Aug 4, Baseball umpire Tim Hurst instigated a riot by spitting at A's 2nd baseman Eddie Collins, who had questioned a  call. This lead to Hurst's banishment.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1909        Aug 31, The A.J. Reach Co. patented the cork-centered baseball.
    (MC, 8/31/01)

1909        The America Tobacco Company issued its T-206 baseball card collection, the first to be done in color. New cards continued to be issued through 1911.
    (AH, 6/03, p.50)

1910        Apr 14, President William Howard Taft began a sports tradition by throwing out the first pitch on baseball’s Opening Day. Taft threw to Washington Senator pitcher Walter Johnson, who went on to hurl a shutout win, allowing the Philadelphia Phillies just one hit and ending the day with a 3-0 victory for Washington.
    (HNQ, 8/9/02)

1911        Jan 16, Jay Hanna Dean, aka “Dizzy Dean,” one of baseball's greatest pitchers, hall of fame, was born.
    (MC, 1/16/02)

1911        May 13,  NY Giant Fred Merkle was 1st to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st).
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)

1911        Jul 4, Ty Cobb went 0 for 4 & ended a 40 game hit streak. White Sox Ed Walsh stopped Ty Cobb's 40-game hitting streak.
    (Maggio, 98)

1911        The NY Highlanders (later Yankees) signed Justin Fitzgerald (d.1952) from San Mateo, Ca., to a $385 per year contract, the largest ever presented to an amateur player from the West Coast.
    (Ind, 4/17/00, 5A)

1912        Apr 20, Boston’s Fenway Park, home to Boston Red Sox, opened with its first official baseball game.
    (SFC, 3/8/12, p.A7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fenway_Park)

1912        May 15, Ty Cobb rushed a heckler at a NY Highlander game and was suspended.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1912        Jul 4, Detroit Tiger George Mullen no-hits St Louis Browns, 7-0.
    (Maggio, 98)

1913        May 14, Walter Johnson (1887-1946), Washington Senators baseball ace, ended his  record-breaking streak of 56 scoreless innings against the St. Louis Browns. Johnson’s scoreless inning streak began on April 10, 1913, and lasted 55 and 2/3 innings pitched. He threw six shutouts in a row before finally being scored on by the Browns. The Big Trains streak of 55 2/3 scoreless innings surpassed the Philadelphia Athletics' Jack Coombs record of 53 scoreless innings achieved in 1910. It would take 55 years before Johnson's streak was broken by the Los Angeles Dodgers' Don Drysdale.
    (www.nationalsdailynews.com/columnists/archive.cfm?blog=mark&tag=The%20Big%20Train)

1913        The New York Highlanders American League baseball team officially adopted the “Yankees” name. Newspapers have begun calling them the “Yanks” as early as 1904. Fans had earlier called them “the Americans” due to their league affiliation.
    (ON, 6/09, p.11)

1914        Feb 9, Bill "Rhymes with Wreck" Veeck, baseball club owner, was born.
    (MC, 2/9/02)

1914        Apr 22, Babe Ruth's 1st professional game as a pitcher was a 6-hit 6-0 win.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1914        May 15, In San Francisco the new Ewing Field ballpark opened. Cal Ewing, owner of the Pacific Coast league Seals, erected the 18,000 seat Ewing Field on Masonic Ave south of Geary Blvd., now the site of Wallenberg High School. It was used for a half-season by the SF Seals and they fled back to Rec. Park because of the fog.
    (SFEC,12/797, Z1 p.4)(SSFC, 5/11/14, DB p.50)

1914        Jul 10, The Boston Red Sox purchased Babe Ruth (19) from the Baltimore Orioles for 30 pieces of gold.
    (Hem., 4/97, p.105)(MC, 7/10/02)

1914        Jul 11, Babe Ruth debuted in the major leagues with the Boston Red Sox. He earned $2,900 in his rookie season.
    (MC, 7/11/02)

1914        Nov 25, Joe DiMaggio, baseball star, was born in Martinez, Ca.
    (SFC, 10/15/04, p.F13)

1914-1915    The Cracker Jack prizes of baseball cards of this time later became the most valued prizes. The shoeless Joe Jackson card sold for $8,500 in 1998.
    (SFC, 2/11/98, Z1 p.6)

1915        Mar 13, Dodgers manager Wilbert Robinson tried to catch a baseball dropped from an airplane, but the pilot substituted a grapefruit.
    (MC, 3/13/02)

1915        May 6, Babe Ruth (20), pitcher with the Boston Red Sox, hit his 1st HR. The Red Sox lost to the Yanks 4-3 in 13 innings.
    (http://baseballguru.com/hfrommer/analysishfrommer31.html)

1915        Sep 9, Albert G. Spalding (b.1850), baseball star and promoter, died in San Diego, Ca.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Spalding)

1916        Apr 20, The Chicago Cubs, after merging with the Chicago Whales, began playing at Weeghman Park. In 1926 the stadium became known as Wrigley Field.
    (http://www.ballparksofbaseball.com/nl/WrigleyField.htm)

1916        Sep 11, The “Star Spangled Banner” was sung at the beginning of a baseball game for the first time in Cooperstown, New York.
    (HN, 9/11/00)

1917        Apr 11, Babe Ruth beat NY Yanks, pitching to a 3-hit, 10-3 win for Red Sox.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1917        Jun 27, Hank Gowdy became the 1st baseball player to enter WW I military service.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1917        The Chicago White Sox won the Baseball World Series.
    (SFC, 10/28/04, p.A7)

1918        Feb 12, Dominic DiMaggio, baseball outfielder (Boston Red Sox), was born.
    (MC, 2/12/02)

1918        May 14, Sunday baseball became legal in Wash, DC.
    (MC, 5/14/02)

1918        Aug 30, Ted Williams (d.2002), Hall of Fame outfielder for the Boston Red Sox, the last man to hit .400 in a season, was born.
    (HN, 8/30/98)(SFC, 7/6/02, p.A1)

1918        Sep 11, The Boston Red sox beat Chicago 4-2 to win the World Series in the 6th game.
    (www.1918redsox.com/augsep.htm)

1919          Jan 31, Jackie Robinson, first black major league baseball player, was born.
     (HN, 1/31/99)

1920        Jan 3, The Red Sox sold Babe Ruth to the Yankees for $100,000, twice the amount of any previous player transaction. The deal also included a $300,000 loan secured by a mortgage on Fenway Park, a contractual clause that made the Yankees owners the Red Sox's landlords.
    (http://espn.go.com/sportscentury/features/00242487.html)

1919        Oct 1, In baseball’s World Series the Chicago White Sox faced the Cincinnati Reds in a best of 9 games. The White Sox intentionally threw the series to satisfy gamblers in what became known as the Black Sox Scandal. 8 players were banned from baseball for life. In 1963 Eliot Asinof described the events in his book “Eight men Out.” The 1988 baseball film "Eight Men Out" was directed by John Sayles.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, BR p.8)(SFC, 7/14/96, DB p.33)(AH, 10/04, p.14)

1919        Oct 9, The Cincinnati Reds won the World Series, defeating the Chicago White Sox 10-5 at Comiskey Park. The victory turned hollow amid charges eight of the White Sox had thrown the Series in what became known as the "Black Sox" scandal.
    (AP, 10/9/08)

1920        Feb 13-1920 Feb 14, Andrew “Rube” Foster (1879-1930) formed the 1st black baseball league, the Negro National League, at a meeting at the Colored YMCA, Kansas City, Mo.
    (AH, 2/05, p.17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rube_Foster)

1920        Mar 1, Harry Caray, baseball announcer (Chicago Cubs), was born.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1920        May 2, 1st game of National Negro Baseball League was played in Indianapolis.
    (MC, 5/2/02)

1920        Aug 17, Ray Chapman died after he was hit in the head by Yanks' pitcher Carl Mays.
    (SC, 8/17/02)

1921        Feb 5, The New York Yankee owners released plans for a new Yankee Stadium. Huston and Ruppert had purchased a lumberyard site in the Bronx from William Waldorf Astor for $600,000.
    (http://scores.espn.go.com/mlb/recap?gameId=290522110)(http://tinyurl.com/cbg6oh)

1921            Jul 18, The prosecution gave its opening remarks in the trial of the Chicago Black Sox, accused of throwing the 1919 World Series.
    (www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/blacksox/chronology.html)

1921        Aug 3, Baseball commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis refused to reinstate the former Chicago White Sox players implicated in the "Black Sox" scandal, despite their acquittals on a technicality in a jury trial.
    (AP, 8/3/01)(SC, 8/3/02)

1921        Oct 5, The World Series was broadcast on radio for the first time. By series' end, the NY Giants had beaten the NY Yankees five games to three in the best-of-nine contest.
    (AP, 10/5/06)

1922        May 5, Construction began on Yankee Stadium in the Bronx.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yankee_Stadium_%281923%29)

1922        May 25, Babe Ruth was suspended for 1 day and fined $200 for throwing dirt on an umpire.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1922        May 29, The US Supreme Court ruled that organized baseball is a sport, not subject to antitrust laws.
    (HN, 5/29/98)

1923        Apr 18, The first baseball game was played in Yankee Stadium. Babe Ruth hit a three-run homer as the Yankees beat the Red Sox 4-1. The stadium was called the House that Ruth built. In 2011 Robert Weintraub authored “The House That Ruth Built: A New Stadium, the first Yankees Championship, and the Redemption of 1923.”
    (AP, 4/18/98)(WSJ, 10/12/99, p.A24)(Econ, 5/7/11, p.90)

1925        May 12, Lawrence “Yogi” Berra, baseball star, was born. He played as a catcher for the New York Yankees and worked as a coach and manager for the Mets and Astros.
    (SC, Internet, 5/12/97)(HN, 5/12/98)

1925        Jun 2, NY Yankee Lou Gehrig began his 2,130 consecutive game streak.
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1926        May 1, Satchel Paige made his pitching debut in Negro Southern League.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1927        Mar 2, Babe Ruth signed a 3-year contract with the New York Yankees for a guarantee of $70,000 a year, thus becoming baseball's highest paid player.
    (HC, Internet, 2/3/98)

1927        Apr 15, Babe Ruth hit his 1st of 60 HRs of season off A's Howard Ehmke.
    (MC, 4/15/02)

1927        Jul 18, Ty Cobb hit safely for the 4,000th time in his career.
    (AP, 7/18/97)

1927        Oct 29, In Fresno, Ca., Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig led an exhibition baseball game as part of an 18-state tour to promote major league baseball.
    (SFC, 1/17/03, p.D3)

1929        Feb 23, Elston Howard, Yankee catcher (1st black NY Yankee/1963 AL MVP), was born.
    (MC, 2/23/02)

1929        Apr 17, Baseball player Babe Ruth and Claire Hodgeson, a former member of the Ziegfeld Follies, got married.
    (HN, 4/17/01)

1929        Aug 11, Babe Ruth hit his 500th major league home run against the Cleveland Indians.
    (HN, 8/10/98)

1929        The Univ. of Mich. men’s baseball team under Fielding H. Yost (1871-1946) won 11 of 13 games on its first tour of Japan and brought back a Japanese suit of armor as an award from Meiji Univ.
    (MT, Sum. ‘98, p.24)

1929        Lefty O’Doul hit .398 becoming the National League batting champ of the Philadelphia Phillies. He went on to manage the San Francisco Seals and in 1958 opened Lefty’s, a bar in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 3/5/96, p.C1)(SFC, 7/18/97, p.A9)(SSFC, 8/28/11, p.A2)

1930            Apr 1,  Leo Hartnett (Gabby Hartnett) of the Chicago Cubs broke the altitude record for a catch by catching a baseball dropped from the Goodyear blimp 800 feet over Los Angeles, CA. He caught the ball cleanly, saying, "Eeeeooooww!". His injuries included a broken jaw.
    (OTD)(SFC, 10/23/99, p.B7)(MC, 4/1/02)

1930        Apr 28, The first night organized baseball game was played in Independence, Kansas.
    (HN, 4/28/98)

1930        Jun 10, In the 1st night baseball game on the Pacific Coast the Sacramento club beat Oakland 3 to 0 at Moering Field.
    (SFC, 6/10/05, p.F4)

1930-1931    Babe Ruth's highest salary was $80,000 annually. He suffered a $5,000 pay cut in 1932 despite hitting .373, leading the majors with a .700 slugging percentage, tying for the lead in homers with 46 and knocking in 163 runs in 1931.
    (ttp://espn.go.com/sportscentury/features/00242487.html)

1931        Feb 12, Japan’s first television broadcast was a baseball game.
    (HN, 2/12/97)

1931            Mar 18, Jackie Mitchell became the 2nd female in professional baseball as she signed with the Chattanooga Lookouts, a Tennessee Class AA minor league team. In 1898, Lizzie Arlington played one game, pitching for Reading (PA) against Allentown.
    (www.exploratorium.edu/baseball/mitchell.html)

1931        Mar 28, Byron Bancroft Johnson (b.1864), founder of the American League Baseball organization, died. In 1937 he was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.
    (ON, 6/09, p.12)

1931            Apr 1,  Jackie Mitchell became the first female in professional baseball when she signed with the Chattanooga Baseball Club.
    (OTD)

1931        May 6, Willie Mays, the 'Say hey ' kid who played baseball for the New York Giants, was born. He made a great outfield catch in the 1954 World Series.
    (HN, 5/6/99)

1931        Aug 21, Babe Ruth hit his 600th HR as the Yanks beat Browns 11-7.
    (SC, 8/21/02)

1931         In San Francisco Seals Stadium at 16th and Bryant streets, a $1.5 million single-deck cement structure, was designed by H.J. Brunnier. The baseball stadium had a public address system and lights for night games. It was also home to the Mission Reds until 1938. Seals Stadium was demolished in 1959.
    (SFEC,12/797, Z1 p.4)(SSFC, 10/4/09, p.50)
1931        A US all-star baseball team came to Japan and played before capacity crowds. It was organized by sportswriter Fred Lieb and National League umpire "Beans" Reardon.
    (www.ebbets.com/product/USTourOfJapan1931Ballcap/Ballcaps)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.60)

1932        Jan 26, William K. Wrigley, owner (Wrigley Gum, Chicago Cubs), died.
    (MC, 1/26/02)

1932        Oct 2, The NY Yankees won the World Series against the Chicago Cubs in 4 games.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1932_World_Series)

1933        Jul 6, The first All-Star baseball game was played, at Chicago's Comiskey Park; the American League defeated the National League, 4-2.
    (AP, 7/6/08)

1933        Jul 20, Nelson Doubleday, publisher (Doubleday), owner (NY Mets), was born.
    (MC, 7/20/02)

1934        Feb 5, Hank Aaron, American hall of fame baseball player, homerun hitter, was born weighing 12.25 pounds. He broke Babe Ruth’s record in 1974. In 2010 Howard Bryant authored “The Last Hero: A Life of Henry Aaron.”
    (SSFC, 5/23/10, p.F6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hank_Aaron)

1934        Feb 22, George "Sparky" Anderson, baseball manager (Reds, Tigers), was born in SD.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1934        Apr 21, Moe Berg, Senators catcher (and later US spy), played an AL record 117th consecutive, errorless game.
    (MC, 4/21/02)

1934        Sep 13, Judge Landis sold the World Series broadcast rights to Ford for $100,000.
    (MC, 9/13/01)

1934        Sep 24, Babe Ruth made his farewell appearance as a regular player with the New York Yankees in a game against the Boston Red Sox. The Sox won, 5-0.
    (AP, 9/24/04)

1934        Nov 2, Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Jimmie Foxx, and Connie Mack headlined the roster of 15 stars who visited Japan to display their baseball skills.
    (http://miscbaseball.wordpress.com/2011/02/08/babe-ruths-visit-to-japan-in-1934/)

1935        Feb 26, New York Yankees released Babe Ruth. He signed with Boston Braves.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1935        May 24, The first major-league baseball game played at night took place at Cincinnati's Crosley Field as the Reds beat the Philadelphia Phillies, 2-1.
    (AP, 5/24/97)

1935        May 30, Babe Ruth (1895-1948) in his final game went hitless for Braves against Phillies.
    (MC, 5/30/02)

1936        Jan 29, The first members of baseball's Hall of Fame: Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson & Walter Johnson were named in Cooperstown, N.Y.
    (AP, 1/29/98)(http://tinyurl.com/33ko5fd)

1936        May 3, Joe DiMaggio (21) of San Francisco made his major-league debut as NY Yankee and got 3 hits.
    (MC, 5/3/02)(CHA, 1/2001)(WSJ, 3/9/99, p.A1)

1936        Jul 23, Don Drysdale, pitcher (LA Dodgers-Cy Young 1962), was born in Van Nuys, Calif.
    (MC, 7/23/02)

1937        Jul 5, Joe DiMaggio hit his 1st grand slammer.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1937        Sep 2, Peter Ueberroth, baseball commissioner, was born. He organized the 1984 LA Olympics.
    (MC, 9/2/01)

1937        Ted Williams (1918-2002) of San Diego signed a contract with the Red Sox.
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A13)

1938        Apr 4, Bart Giamatti, baseball commissioner, president of Yale, was born.
    (HN, 4/4/01)

1938        Apr 20, San Francisco’s Joe DiMaggio ended his holdout with Colonel Jacob Rupert, owner of the NY Yankees, and accepted an annual salary of $25,000. DiMaggio had asked for $40,000.
    (SSFC, 4/21/13, DB p.46)

1938        Jun 18, Babe Ruth was signed as a Dodger’s coach for the rest of the season.
    (MC, 6/18/02)

1939        May 2, Baseball player Henry Louis Gehrig, “the Iron Horse,” asked to be taken out of the NY Yankees starting lineup in a game where the Yanks beat Tigers 22-2. He had played 2,130 consecutive games. A few weeks later he was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral schlerosis, a fatal neuromuscular disease.
    (SFEC, 3/30/97, Par. p.2)(SFEC, 3/30/97, BR. p.10)(MC, 5/2/02)

1939        Jun 6, In Pennsylvania the first Little League baseball game was played. The league was founded by Carl Stotz in Williamsport. The Little League World Series began in 1947. Girls were banned from 1951-1974.
    (SSFC, 6/1/14, Par. p.8)

1939        Jun 12, The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum was dedicated in Cooperstown, NY, on the 100th anniversary of the day Abner Doubleday supposedly invented the sport.
    (http://baseballhall.org/museum/experience/history)(AP, 6/12/97)

1939        Jul 4, Baseball's "Iron Horse," Lou Gehrig (1904-1941), said farewell to 61,808 fans honoring him with a special day at New York City's Yankee Stadium. He was suffering from A.L.S. (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), a neurodegenerative disorder that destroys the body's neuromuscular system. Many now call it Lou Gehrig's disease. He did less than two years later at the age of 37.
    (SFEC, 3/30/97, Par. p.2)(AP, 7/4/97)(IB, 12/7/98)

1939        Jul 11, Yanks hosted the 7th All Star Game. McCarthy started 6 Yanks, AL won 3-1.
    (PGA, 12/9/98)

1939        Aug 26, The first televised major league baseball games were shown on experimental station W2XBS, a double-header between the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field. The Reds won first, 5-2; the Dodgers, second, 6-1.
    (AP, 8/26/98)

1940        Apr 16, The 1st televised baseball game on WGN-TV featured the White Sox vs. Cubs in exhibition.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1940        Apr 18, Ed Garvey, labor leader for the Major League Baseball Players Association, was born.
    (HN, 4/18/98)

1940        Jul 14, Due to beanball wars, Spalding advertised batting helmet with earflaps.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1940s-1950s     The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League (AAGPBL) lasted from the late 40s to the early 50s.
    (SFC, 7/24/03, p.A22)

1941        Apr 14, Pete Rose, Cincinnati Reds, (most hits in majors), was born.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1941        May 15, Joe DiMaggio started his 56-game hitting streak. The Yanks lost 13-1. In 2011 Kostya Kennedy authored “56: Joe DiMaggio and the Last Magic Number in Sports.”
    (www.baseball-almanac.com/feats/feats3.shtml)(http://www.kostyakennedy.com/)

1941        Jun 2, Baseball’s "Iron Horse," Lou Gehrig, died in New York of a degenerative disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis at 37. The best book on Gehrig is "Iron Horse" by Ray Robinson. In 2005 Jonathan Eig authored “Luckiest Man: The Life and Death of Lou Gehrig.”
    (AP, 6/2/97)(Econ, 5/7/05, p.79)

1941        Jun 25, Joe DiMaggio ran his hitting streak to 45 straight games.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1941        Jul 17, The longest hitting streak in baseball history ended when the Cleveland Indians pitchers held NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio, the Yankee Clipper, hitless for the first time in 57 games. His hitting streak ended with 56 games.
    (www.baseball-almanac.com/feats/feats3.shtml)(SFC, 3/9/99, p.A10)

1941        Ted Williams (d.2002) finished the season with a .406 batting average.
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A1)

1942        Mar 1, Baseball decided that players in military can't play when on furlough.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1942        Mar 18, Black players, Jackie Robinson and Nate Moreland, requested a tryout with the Chicago White Sox. They were allowed to work out.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1942        May 13,  Pitcher Jim Tobin belted 3 HRs in a game.
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)

1942        May 18, New York ended night baseball games for the rest of World War II.
    (HN, 5/18/98)

1946        Apr 16, On opening day for Baseball in Boston with the Braves vs. the Brooklyn Dodgers, the newly painted seats had not yet dried when guests seated themselves. The Braves management picked up the cleaning tab for all.
    (SFEC, 4/6/97, Z1 p.5)

1946        Apr 18, Jackie Robinson debuted as 2nd baseman for the Montreal Royals.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1946        Apr 20, 1st baseball game telecast was in Chicago with the Cards vs. Cubs.
    (MC, 4/20/02)

1946        Jun 21, Bill Veeck bought the Cleveland Indians for $2.2 million.
    (MC, 6/21/02)

1946        The Boston Red Sox lost the World Series.
    (SFC, 10/28/04, p.A7)

1947         Apr 10, Brooklyn Dodgers president Branch Rickey announced he had purchased the contract of Jackie Robinson from the Montreal Royals. John Sengstacke, black publisher of the Chicago Defender, was instrumental in persuading Mr. Rickey in his decision. In spite of intense pressure and hostility, Robinson's athletic abilities earned him the Rookie of the Year Award in 1947.
    (AP, 4/10/97)(SFC, 1/12/98, p.A1)(HN, 4/10/01)

1947        Apr 11, Jackie Robinson played in an exhibition between the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New York Yankees, the first Negro to play in Major league baseball. Jackie Robinson became the first black to play major league baseball as he took the field for the Brooklyn Dodgers. Jackie Robinson officially broke baseball's color barrier when he put on Dodgers uniform No. 42 in April 1947. When Jackie Robinson joined the Brooklyn Dodgers, talented black athletes toiled in relative obscurity in the Negro leagues despite the exciting caliber of their play. Brooklyn Dodgers' general manager Branch Rickey first approached Jackie Robinson in August 1945 to participate in the "great experiment" of integrating the major leagues.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1947)(AP, 4/11/97)(HN, 4/10/98)(HNPD, 4/10/99)

1947        Apr 15, Jackie Robinson, modern baseball's first black major-league player, broke the color barrier and made his official debut with the Brooklyn Dodgers on opening day. The Dodgers defeated the Boston Braves, 5-3.
    (AP, 4/15/97)(HN, 4/15/98)

1947        Apr 17, Jackie Robinson bunted for his first major league hit.
    (HN, 4/17/98)

1947        Apr 27, It was "Babe Ruth Day" at Yankee Stadium as baseball fans across the country honored the ailing star.
    (AP, 4/27/97)

1947         Jul 5, Larry Doby signed a contract with the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first black player in the American League.
    (AP, 7/5/97)

1947        Jul 8, The American League defeated the National League, 2-1, in the All-Star game played at Chicago's Wrigley Field.
    (AP, 7/8/97)

1948        Apr 4, 84-year-old Connie Mack challenged 78-year-old Clark Griffith to a race from home to 1st base; it ended in a tie.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1948        Jul 1, Brooklyn's Roy Campanella debuted as catcher.
    (MC, 7/1/02)

1948        Jul 9, Satchel Paige (42) debuted in majors pitching 2 scoreless inning for Cleveland.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1948        Aug 16, Famed home-run slugger George Herman "Babe" Ruth died at age 53 in New York City. He is credited with turning baseball from a game of speed and skill to one of power. During a flamboyant major league career that began as a pitcher with the Boston Red Sox in 1914 and ended with his retirement from the Boston Braves in 1935, the Babe hit an astonishing total of 714 homers, a feat that was not surpassed until Henry Aaron of the Atlanta Braves broke Ruth’s record in 1974. The fans loved the warm-hearted Babe Ruth, who had a reputation as a hard drinker, carouser and womanizer. In 1931, at the height of his career with the Yankees, Ruth earned $80,000, which made him the highest-paid ballplayer in history. At a special "Babe Ruth Day" just two months before his death, the cancer-stricken Babe donned his uniform for the last time and appeared before a cheering crowd at Yankee Stadium. In 2006 Leigh Montville authored “The Big Bam,” a biography of Babe Ruth.
    (SFC, 10/15/96, p.A19)(AP, 8/16/97)(HNPD, 8/16/98)(WSJ, 5/9/06, p.D6)

1948        The Cleveland Indians won the World Series.
    (SFC, 10/28/04, p.A7)

1949        Jan 28, NY Giants signed their 1st black players, Monte Irvin & Ford Smith.
    (MC, 1/28/02)

1949        Feb 7, Joe DiMaggio of the NY Yankees became the 1st $100,000/year baseball player.
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1950        Jan 24, Jackie Robinson signed highest contract ($35,000) in Dodger history.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/R/Robinson_Jackie.stm)

1951        Jan 22, Fidel Castro, as a baseball pitcher, was ejected from a Winter League game after beaning a batter.
    (MC, 1/22/02)

1951        Feb 9, St. Louis Browns signed baseball pitcher Satchel Paige (45).
    (MC, 2/9/02)

1951        Mar 10, FBI director J. Edgar Hoover declined the post of baseball commissioner.
    (MC, 3/10/02)

1951        Apr 17, Mickey Mantle played his 1st game as a NY Yankee and went 1 for 4.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1951        May 1, Mickey Mantle hit his 1st HR.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1951        May 24, Willie Mays began playing for the New York Giants.
    (HN, 5/24/98)

1951        May 25, New York Giant Willie Mays went 0 for 5 in his 1st major league game.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1951        Oct 3, Bobby Thompson won the pennant for the New York Giants by hitting a home run off of Ralph Branca of the Brooklyn Dodgers at the New York Polo Grounds before 20,000 empty seats. Outfielder Bobby Thomson hit a home run in the bottom of the ninth inning, beating the Brooklyn Dodgers 5-4 to win the National League pennant. In 2001 the WSJ confirmed roomers that the Giants had concealed an electric buzzer and a telescope to steal the signals of the opposing catchers. In 2006 Joshua Prager authored ”The Echoing Green: The Untold Story of Bobby Thomson, Ralph Branca and the Shot Heard Round the World.”
    (HN, 10/3/00)(WSJ, 6/21/05, p.B1)(WSJ, 9/19/06, p.B1)

1951        Dec 5, "Shoeless" Joe Jackson, of baseball's "Black Sox" scandal, died.
    (MC, 12/5/01)

1951        Dec 11, Joe DiMaggio announced his retirement from baseball.
    (www.thebaseballpage.com/past/pp/dimaggiojoe/)

1951        The US Negro Leagues went out of business as the major baseball leagues integrated.
    (SFC, 2/21/06, p.B5)

1952        Apr 23, Hoyt Wilhelm hit a home run in his 1st major league at bat, then went on to pitch more than 1,000 games in the next 21 baseball seasons. He never hit another homer.
    (AARP, 1/05, p.69)

1952        May 13,  Minor-league pitcher Ron Necciai struck out 27 in 9-innings.
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)

1952        Topps Chewing Gum Company issued its first large set of baseball cards. They included team logos and facsimile signatures and were later considered as the first true set of the modern era. Topps had issued a smaller card in 1951, but it flopped.
    (AH, 6/03, p.52,54)

1952        Lorenzo Ponza (1918-2004) developed the “power pitcher,” later considered the prototype of the modern baseball pitching machine.
    (SFC, 12/20/04, p.B4)

1953        Feb 17, Baseball star and pilot Ted Williams was uninjured as his plane was shot down in Korea.
    (MC, 2/17/02)

1953        Feb 20, US Court of Appeals ruled that Organized Baseball is a sport & not a business, affirming the 25-year-old Supreme Court ruling.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1953        Apr 17, Mickey Mantle hit a home run in Washington's Griffith Stadium off the Senator's Chuck Stobbs that was entered in the Guinness Book of World Records as measuring 565 feet. The distance was later said to have been padded.
    (WSJ, 7/9/03, p.A1)

1953        Jul 8, Neill Sheridan (31), a baseball player for the Pacific Coast League Sacramento Solons, hit a home run against the SF Seals at Sacramento’s Edmond’s Field. The ball reportedly flew a record 613.8 feet.
    (SSFC, 1/26/14, p.B1)

1953        Nov 9, The Supreme Court upheld a 1922 ruling that major league baseball did not come within the scope of federal antitrust laws. President Clinton later signed a bill overturning the labor relations aspect of the antitrust exemption.
    (AP, 11/9/03)

1953        Dec 8, Damon Miller and his SF Seals Corp. offered the public 10,000 shares of stock in the baseball club at $10 a share.
    (SFC, 12/5/03, p.E13)

1954        Mar 1, Ted Williams fractures collarbone in 1st game of spring training after flying 39 combat missions without injury in Korean War.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1954        Apr 23, Hank Aaron of the Milwaukee Braves hit the first of his record 755 major-league home runs against the St. Louis Cardinals. The Braves won, 7-5.
    (AP, 4/23/97)

1954        May 13,  Robin Roberts gave up a HR then retired the next 27 men in a row.
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)

1954        Jul 17, The 1st major league baseball game was played where a majority of a team was black (Dodgers).
    (MC, 7/17/02)

1954        Sep 29, The New York Giants beat the Cleveland Indians in the 1st game of this year’s World Series. NY went on to win 4 games in a row. Willie Mays made a spectacular catch and throw in the 8th inning. In 1955 Arnold Hano authored “A Day in the Bleachers,” a classic account of this game.
    (www.baseball-almanac.com/ws/yr1954ws.shtml)(SSFC, 9/17/06, p.D1)

1954        Nov 4, Frank “Lefty” O’Doul announced that he will return to the Bay Area from San Diego and manage the Oakland Oaks for owner C.L. Laws in 1955.
    (SFC, 11/5/04, p.F7)

1955        Mar 7, Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick said he favors legalization of spitter.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1955        May 5, The baseball musical "Damn Yankees" opened on Broadway and ran for 1022 performances. It was produced by George Abbott and Douglass Wallop. Ray Walston played the devil in the play and the 1958 movie.
    (SFEC, 8/25/96, DB p.41)(AP, 5/5/00)(SFC, 10/23/00, p.F3)(MC, 5/5/02)

1955        May 13,  Mickey Mantle hit 3 consecutive HRs of at least 463'.
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)

1955        Joe DiMaggio was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame. DiMaggio, often considered one of the greatest center fielders to play the game, helped his team win ten American League championships and nine World Series titles. After paying in the minors in San Francisco, DiMaggio was acquired by the New York Yankees where he played from 1936 until his retirement in 1951.
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A10)(HNQ, 9/25/00)

1955        The Brooklyn Dodgers beat the New York Yankees in the US baseball World Series.
    (WSJ, 4/2/96, p.A-12)

1956        Oct 8, Don Larsen pitched the only perfect game in a World Series to date as the New York Yankees beat the Brooklyn Dodgers in Game 5, 2-0.
    (AP, 10/8/08)

1956        Oct 10, The New York Yankees won the World Series, defeating the Brooklyn Dodgers, 9-0, in Game 7 at Ebbets Field.
    (AP, 10/10/06)

1956        Oct, The World Series was won by the New York Yankees over the Brooklyn Dodgers 4-3.
    (TOH, 1982, p.1956)
1956        Oct, The Brooklyn Dodgers completed their last season in NYC. In 2003 Michael Shapiro authored “The Last Good Season.” The team moved to LA after Robert Moses, head of the Triborought Bridge and Tunnel District, blocked the efforts of owner Walter O’Malley to build a new Brooklyn ballpark.
    (WSJ, 4/3/03, p.D8)

1956        Jerry Sacharski (1016-2009), summer baseball instructor, created a T-Ball league for kids in Albion, Mich.
    (WSJ, 3/7/09, p.A12)

1957        Feb 25, Supreme Court decided 6-3 that baseball is the only antitrust exempt pro sport.
    (MC, 2/25/02)

1957        May 28, The National League approved the move of the Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants baseball teams to Los Angeles and San Francisco.
    (AP, 5/28/97)

1957        Sep 29, The New York Giants played their last game at the Polo Grounds, losing to the Pittsburgh Pirates, 9-to-1. The Giants moved to San Francisco.
    (AP, 9/29/97)
1957        Sep 29, The Brooklyn Dodgers played their last game before moving to Los Angeles, losing to the Phillies 2-1 in Philadelphia.
    (AP, 9/29/07)

1957        Oct 8, The Brooklyn Baseball Club announced it was accepting an offer to move the Dodgers from New York to Los Angeles.
    (AP, 10/8/07)

1957        Oct 10, The Milwaukee Braves won the World Series, defeating the New York Yankees in Game 7, 5-0.
    (AP, 10/10/07)

1958        Jan 28, Roy Campanella, catcher for the Brooklyn Dodgers, was paralyzed in a car crash. In 1959 Topps Chewing Gum Company issued a baseball card in his honor featuring Campanella in a wheelchair with the phrase “Symbol of Courage.”
    (AH, 6/03, p.56)(http://tinyurl.com/ry7spx)

1958        Feb 7, Brooklyn Dodgers officially became the Los Angeles Dodgers, Inc.
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1958        Apr 15, The Giants baseball team of Horace Stoneham, brought from New York to San Francisco, opened at Seal Stadium against the Los Angeles Dodgers. The Giants won 8-0.
    (SFC, 10/8/97, p.A20)(SFEC,12/797, Z1 p.4,5)

1958        May 13,  Stan Musial made hit # 3000.
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)

1958        Nov 21, Mel Ott (49), Baseball Hall-of-Famer, died in New Orleans.
    (AP, 11/21/08)

1959        Mar 3, The new home of the San Francisco Giants baseball team was officially named, Candlestick Park. The name was chosen in a contest to name the newly-built stadium. Al Dermody (1910-2004), the contest winner didn't have to look far, as the windswept and chilly confines of the National League's least favorite stadium are located just a few hundred feet from Candlestick Point, on San Francisco Bay. In 1995, the venerable name, Candlestick Park was changed to 3COMM Park, after a relatively small area computer software developer bid a half-million dollars for the rights to the stadium name – beating out such giants as Apple Computer, IBM and others.
    (HC, Internet, 3/3/98)(SFC, 9/24/04, p.B6)

1960        Feb 3, Candlestick Park, the new home of the SF Giants baseball team, was officially turned over to the team.
    (SFEC,12/797, Z1 p.4)(SSFC, 1/31/10, DB p.42)

1960        Apr 12, The SF Giants made their opening day debut in the new Candlestick stadium before 42,000 fans. The stadium was built by Charles Harney (d.1962), a friend of Mayor Christopher, who also sold 41 acres to the city at $66,853 per acre. He had purchased the land just a few years earlier at $2,100 per acre. Harney received $7 million for building the stadium and was named director of the corporation set up to build the stadium. The stadium was designed by architect John S. Boles. A radiant heating system for the 2nd tier seats failed to work.
    (SFC, 5/3/01, p.A8)(SFC, 4/10/10, DB p.50)(SFC, 12/21/13, p.C2)

1960        Apr 19, Baseball uniforms began displaying player's names on their backs.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1960        May 13,  Phillies lost their 3rd consecutive 1-0 game
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)

1960        Oct 13, The Pittsburgh Pirates won the World Series at Forbes Field with a 9th inning homerun by Bill Mazeroski. A Univ. of Pittsburgh academic building was later built on the site.
    (WSJ, 3/25/04, p.D1)

1961        Apr 25, SF Giants baseball games began to appear on TV.
    (SSFC, 4/24/11, DB p.46)

1961        Apr 26, Roger Maris of the New York Yankees hit the first of a record 61 home runs in a single season; the homer was off Detroit's Paul Foytack at Tiger Stadium.
    (AP, 4/26/99)

1961        Apr 30, Willie Mays of the SF Giants hit 4 home runs in a game with the Milwaukee Braves.
    (SFC, 1/12/98, p.A18)

1961        Jun 11, Norm Cash became the 1st Detroit Tiger to hit a ball out of Tiger Stadium.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1961        Jul 17, Ty Cobb (74), baseball great (Detroit Tigers), died of cancer in Atherton, Ca. He was the first man elected into Baseball’s Hall of Fame.
    (SSFC, 7/17/11, p.42)

1961        Jul 24, Roger Maris hit 4 home runs in a doubleheader.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1962        Jan 23, Jackie Robinson (1919-1972) became the first African-American elected to Baseball Hall of Fame.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0732697/bio)

1962        Feb 4, Russian newspaper Izvestia reported baseball is an old Russian game.
    (MC, 2/4/02)

1962        Mar 10, The Phillies baseball club left the Jack Tar Harrison Hotel due to its refusal to admit black players, and moved to Rocky Point Motel, 20 miles outside Clearwater, Florida.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mdtvxu)

1962        Mar 23, William DeWitt bought the Cincinnati Reds for $4,625,000.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1962        Apr 9, JFK threw out the 1st ball at Washington's new DC Stadium.
    (MC, 4/9/02)

1962        May 19, Stan Musial broke Honus Wagner's NL baseball hit record with 3,431.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1962        Jul 3, Jackie Robinson became the first African American to be inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame.
    (HN, 7/3/98)

1962        Oct 3, The SF Giants beat the LA Dodgers to win baseball's National League Pennant.
    (SFC, 11/24/99, p.E9)

1962        Oct 12, Columbus Day storms washed out the 1962 World Series game at Candlestick Park in SF. A storm from the Gulf of Alaska took on moisture from Typhoon Freda and caused 4 days of rainouts during the World series.
    (SFCM, 9/25/05, p.4)(SFC, 11/3/12, p.A6)

1962        Oct 17, The SF Giants lost to the NY Yankees 1-0 in the 7th game of the
World Series at Candlestick Park.
    (SSFC, 10/14/12, DB p.46)

1963        Jul 2, Juan Marichal (25), pitcher for the SF Giants, dueled for 16 innings with Warren Spahn (42), of the Milwaukee Braves in a 5-hour game at Candlestick. Willie Mays hit the 428th pitch of the night over left field.
    (www.nytimes.com/2008/07/02/sports/baseball/02nohit.html)

1963        Jul 8, Reports were made of Charlie Finley's intention to move KC A's baseball team to Oakland.
    (MC, 7/8/02)

1963        Sep 15, The Alou brothers-Felipe, Matty, & Jesus-appeared in the San Francisco outfield for 1 inning.
    (http://www.baseball-fever.com/showthread.php?t=20238)

1964        Apr 23, Houston Colt 45s Ken Johnson became the 1st major league pitcher to lose a 9 inning no-hitter, Reds win 1-0.
    (MC, 4/23/02)

1965        Apr 9, The newly built Houston Astrodome featured its first baseball game, an exhibition between the Astros and the New York Yankees. Mickey Mantle hit the 1st indoor homerun, but the Astros won, 2-1 in 12 innings.
    (WSJ, 10/15/98, p.B8)(AP, 4/9/09)

1965        May 4, Willie Mays hit his 512th HR and broke Mel Ott's 511 NL record.
    (MC, 5/4/02)

1965        Sep 9, Sandy Koufax, baseball’s Great Jewish Hope, pitched a perfect game. It was the first perfect game thrown by a left-hander since 1880. In 2002 Jane Leavy authored "Sandy Koufax: A Lefty’s Legacy."
    (WSJ, 10/22/02, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandy_Koufax%27s_perfect_game)

1965        Major League Baseball in the US began a draft program for American players. In 1990 the draft was extended to include Canada and Puerto Rico.
    (Econ, 2/4/12, p.40)

1966        Apr 6, Emmett Ashford became the first African-American major league umpire. The highly regarded umpire was known for his dynamic and distinctive style of calling balls and strikes.
    (HN, 4/12/99)(HNQ, 4/15/00)(http://netscape.net/picassoaustin/homepage)

1966        Apr 8, The AFL chose 36 year old Al Davis as commissioner.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1966        Jul 25, Yankee manager Casey Stengel was elected to baseball’s Hall of Fame.
    (SC, 7/25/02)

1967        May 13,  NY Yankee Mickey Mantle (b.1931) hit career HR #500 off Stu Miller.
    (www.baseball-almanac.com/boxscore/05141967.shtml)

1967        The Boston Red Sox lost the World Series.
    (SFC, 10/28/04, p.A7)

1968        Apr 8, The Academy Awards and Baseball's Opening Day were postponed because of the M.L. King assassination.
    (www.funtrivia.com/en/subtopics/The-Assassination-of-Martin-Luther-King-201065.html)

1968        Nov 12, Sammy Sosa, baseball outfielder (Chicago Cubs), was born in the Dominican Republic.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sammy_Sosa)

1969         Mar 1, Mickey Mantle of the NY Yankees announced his retirement from baseball.
    (HN, 3/1/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mickey_Mantle)

1969        Apr 14, The first major league baseball game in Canada was played in Montreal. The expansion Montreal Expos hosted their first game north of the border, marking the first time a regular season major league game is played outside of the US. The Expos won their debut at Jarry Park, edging the St. Louis Cardinals, 8-7.
    (HN, 4/14/98)(www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/1969_Expos)

1970        Aug 12, Curt Flood lost his $41 million antitrust suit against baseball. On June 18, 1972, the US Supreme Court upheld the lower court's rulings on Flood's case. Baseball continued to be exempt from antitrust laws and its reserve clause was upheld.
    (www.scripophily.net/cuflasmi19.html)

1970        Oct 3,  Baseball umpires called their 1st strike. A one-day strike of the first game of the championship playoffs, the first by umpires in major league history, prompted the league presidents to recognize the Association and negotiate a labor contract that set a minimum salary of $11,000 and raised the average salary to $21,000.
    (www.sdabu.com/history_main.htm)

1970        Jim Bouton (b.1939) published his controversial "Ball Four."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ball_Four)

1970        Robert Peterson (1906-2006) authored “Only the Ball Was White,” the first history of baseball’s US Negro Leagues.
    (SFC, 2/21/06, p.B5)

1971        Feb 9, Satchel Paige became the 1st negro-league player elected to baseball HOF.
    (www.biographybase.com/biography/Paige_Satchel.html)

1971        Sep 20, The American League Ok'd the Washington Senator move to Arlington, where they became the Texas Rangers.
    (WSJ, 4/7/99, p.B1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1971_Washington_Senators_season)

1971        Sep 30, The Washington Senators baseball team played their last game before leaving Washington DC for Texas.
    (WSJ, 4/7/99, p.B1)(www.sportsecyclopedia.com/al/wastex/senators61.html)

1971        Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia opened. Demolition felled it in 2004.
    (WSJ, 3/25/04, p.D1)

1972        Apr 1, A US baseball strike began and lasted to April 13.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1972_Major_League_Baseball_strike)

1972        Apr 13,    The first US Major League baseball strike ended after 13 days.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1972_Major_League_Baseball_strike)

1972        May 11, The SF Giants traded Willie Mays (b.1931) to the New York Mets.
    (SFEC,12/797, Z1 p.5)(www.ultimatemets.com/profile.php?PlayerCode=0201)

1972        May 13,  Milwaukee Brewers beat Minn. Twins, 4-3, in 22 innings. The game had started the evening of May 12.
    (www.baseball-reference.com/boxes/MIN/MIN197205120.shtml)

1972        Jun 19, The US Supreme Court voted 5-3 to confirm lower court rulings in the Curt Flood case, which upheld baseball's exemption from antitrust laws.
    (http://supreme.justia.com/us/407/258/)

1972        Oct 22, The Oakland Athletics beat the Cincinnati Reds 3-2 in a 7th game to win the World Series, bringing home the first Bay Area’s  baseball world championship. It was the first of 3 in a row.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W39)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1972_World_Series)(SFC, 12/28/99, p.A1)

1972        Oct 24, Jackie Robinson, 1st black baseball player (Brooklyn Dodgers), died at 53 of complications from diabetes. In 1983 Prof. Jules Tygiel (1949-2007) authored "Baseball’s Great Experiment: Jackie Robinson and His Legacy." In 1997 Arnold Rampersad published the biography "Jackie Robinson."
    (WSJ, 10/17/97, p.A20)(SFEC, 4/2/00, BR p.1)(SFC, 7/3/08, p.B5)

1973        Jan 3, The Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) got out of the baseball business this day by selling the New York Yankees to a 12-man syndicate headed by George Steinbrenner III for $8.8 million. Steinbrenner (1930-2010) put up barely $100,000.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1973_New_York_Yankees_season)(Econ, 7/17/10, p.38)

1973        Mar 5, During spring training in Florida, Yankee pitchers Fritz Peterson and  Mike Kekich announced they had swapped wives.
    (www.around-the-horn.com/?p=131)

1973        Apr 6, Yankee Ron Blomberg (b.1948) became the 1st designated hitter. He walked.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ron_Blomberg)

1974        Jan 16, NY Yankees Mickey Mantle and Whitey Ford were elected to Hall of Fame.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mickey_Mantle)

1974        Jan 25, Ray Kroc (1902-1984), the head of McDonald's Corp., bought the SD Padres for $12 million and prevented the team's planned move to Washington DC.
    (www.addictsports.com/baseball/archive/index.php/t-28507.html)(SFC, 10/13/03, p.A19)

1974        Apr 4, Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves tied Babe Ruth's home-run record by hitting his 714th round-tripper in Cincinnati.
    (HN, 4/4/98)(AP, 4/4/99)

1974        Apr 8, Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves hit his 715th career home run in a game against the Los Angeles Dodgers, breaking Babe Ruth's record. The round-tripper was off pitcher Al Downing.
    (HN, 4/8/98)(AP, 4/8/07)

1974        Jun 4, Ten Cent Beer Night was an ill-fated promotion held by the American League's Cleveland Indians during a game against the Texas Rangers at Cleveland Municipal Stadium.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten_Cent_Beer_Night)

1974        Jul 17, Jay Hanna "Dizzy" Dean (b.1910), pitcher (St Louis Cards), died in Nevada.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dizzy_Dean)

1974        Oct 3, Frank Robinson was named major-league baseball's first black manager as he was placed in charge of the Cleveland Indians.
    (AP, 10/3/97)

1974        Gaylord Perry authored "Me and the Spitter: An Autobiographical Confession." Perry admitted that he threw illegal spitballs, yet was subsequently admitted to the baseball Hall of Fame.
    (SSFC, 4/4/04, p.E6)

1975        The Boston Red Sox lost the World Series.
    (SFC, 10/28/04, p.A7)

1975        Frank Robinson joined the Cleveland Indians as the 1st African American manager in major league baseball.
    (SFC, 4/11/03, p.E15)

1976        Jan 6, Ted Turner purchased the Atlanta Braves for reported $12 million.
    (www.referenceforbusiness.com/biography/S-Z/Turner-Ted-1938.html)

1976        Mar 2, Bob Lurie (b.1929), real estate magnate, led a group to acquire ownership of the San Francisco Giants baseball club. Lurie closed the $8-million transaction with Arizona cattleman Arthur "Bud" Herseth as his 50-50 partner.
    (www.stadiumforrent.com/sfr/sfr-ch23a.html)

1976        Jul 20, Hank Aaron hit his 755th and final home run off the California Angels' Dick Drago at Milwaukee County Stadium.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hank_Aaron)

1977        Sep 3, Japan's Sadaharu Oh hit his 756th HR to surpass Hank Aaron's total.
    (www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/Sadaharu_Oh)

1977        Dec 15, Charles Finley sold his Oakland A’s baseball team to Marvin Davis for a reported $12.5 million. A lease with the Oakland Coliseum was still a problem.
    (SFC, 12/13/02, p.E8)

1978        Aug 1, Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds, who had tied the National League record of hitting in 44 consecutive games, saw his streak end in a game against the Atlanta Braves.
    (AP, 8/1/98)

1979        Jan 23, Willie Mays, former outfielder for the SF Giants, was elected to baseball's Hall of Fame.
    (SFC, 1/23/04, p.E2)

1979        Jul 12, "Disco Demolition Night" at Comiskey Park, caused fans to go wild. It also caused the White Sox to forfeit 2nd game of a doubleheader to Tigers.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disco_Demolition_Night)

1979        Oct 23, Billy Martin (1928-1989), NY Yankee baseball manager, was involved in a barroom altercation when he sucker punched Joseph Cooper, a Minnesota marshmallow salesman. Cooper required 15 stitches. Martin was fired.
    (www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/October_23)

1979        The song "We Are Family" by Sister Sledge became a hit. It was made the theme song for the 1979 Pittsburgh Pirates.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/We_Are_Family_%28song%29)

1980        May 13,  Ray Knight (b.1952) of the Cincinnati Reds, following an 0-for-15 slump, hit 2 home runs in the 5th inning vs. NY Mets.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ray_Knight)

1981        Jun 12, US major league baseball players began a 49-day strike over the issue of free-agent compensation. The season did not resume until August 10.
    (AP, 6/12/01)

1981        Jul 31, A seven-week-old Major League Baseball strike ended.
    (AP, 7/31/99)

1982        Jun 8, Leroy Satchel Paige (b.1906), US baseball pitcher, died.
    (www.nlbpa.com/8june1982.html)

1982        Jul 1, Cal Ripken (b.1960), drafted as a pitcher in 1981, began playing his shortstop position for the Baltimore Orioles.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/ballplayers/player.php?name=Cal_Ripken_Jr_1960)

1983        Feb 8, Baseball ordered Mickey Mantle (1931-1995) to sever ties with Claridge Casino.
    (www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/February_8)

1983        Apr 27, Nolan Ryan became the strikeout king (3,509), passing Walter Johnson.
    (www.astrosdaily.com/history/sound/f.html)

1984        Mar 3, Peter Ueberroth (b.1937) was elected baseball commissioner, effective Oct 1.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Ueberroth)

1984        Mar 20, An indictment was unsealed against Denny McLain, former Detroit Tiger pitching star, on various charges of racketeering.  McLain was named in all the indictment's five counts, which accused him of racketeering, conspiracy, extortion, possession and distribution of cocaine, and conspiracy to import cocaine. He would face up to 90 years in prison if convicted of all the charges.
    (http://tinyurl.com/35zuwx)

1984        Apr 13, Pete Rose, playing for the Montreal Expos, became the 1st NL baseball player to get 4,000 hits in a career, joining Ty Cobb to become only the second player to enter the 4000 hit club.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4000_hit_club)

1984        Jul 4, The NY Yankee Phil Niekro became the 9th pitcher to strikeout 3,000 batters.
    (www.thebaseballpage.com/players/niekrph01.php)

1984        Jul 14, Al Schacht (91), baseball player, died. He was known as the Clown prince of baseball. The former Washington Senators pitcher turned top hat jester had entertained the crowd before twenty-five World Series and eighteen All-Star Games.
    (www.baseball-almanac.com/yearly/yr1984a.shtml)

1985        Mar 18, Baseball commissioner Peter Ueberroth reinstated Willie Mays and Mickey Mantle.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y34t69)

1985        May 22, Baseball player Pete Rose passed Hank Aaron as the National League run scoring leader with 2,108.
    (HN, 5/22/98)

1985        Jul 11, Houston Astro's Nolan Ryan became the first pitcher to strike out 4000 batters as he fanned Danny Heep of the New York Mets.
    (www.usatoday.com/sports/baseball/hallfame/ryan.htm)

1985        Aug 4, A pair of milestones were achieved in major league baseball as Tom Seaver of the Chicago White Sox gained his 300th victory and Rod Carew of the California Angels got his 3,000th hit.
    (AP, 8/4/05)

1985        Sep 8, Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds tied Ty Cobb's career record for hits with a single for No. 4,191 during a game against the Cubs in Chicago.
    (AP, 9/8/99)

1985        Sep 11, Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds made his career hit 4,192 off Eric Show of San Diego Padres, eclipsing Ty Cobb's record.
    (AP, 9/11/05)

1985        Oct 27, Billy Martin was fired by Yankees for the 4th time.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/M/Martin_Billy.stm)

1985        Dec 14, Roger Maris (51), HR hitter (61 in 61, NY Yankees), died of cancer.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_Maris)

1986        Willie McCovey (b.1938) of the San Francisco giants was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame. His 521 home runs put him in a tie with Ted Williams.
    (SSFC, 1/9/11, DB p.42)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willie_McCovey)

1987        Apr 6, Los Angeles Dodgers executive Al Campanis said on ABC's "Nightline" that blacks "may not have some of the necessities" to hold managerial jobs in major-league baseball. Campanis ended up being fired over his remarks.
    (AP, 4/6/07)

1987        Apr 8, Al Campanis, Dodger executive for more than 40 years, was fired after saying on ABC's "Nightline" that blacks may lack some of the "necessities" for becoming baseball managers.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/chronology/1987APRIL.stm)(AP, 4/8/97)

1987        Jul 14, The National League took 13 innings to defeat the American League, 2-0, in the 58th All-Star Game in Oakland, Calif.
    (AP, 7/14/97)

1987        Sep 14, Cal Ripken (b.1960), baseball star for the Baltimore Orioles, ended his streak of 8,243 consecutive innings (908 games).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cal_Ripken,_Jr.)

1987        Oct 17, The 1st indoor World Series game took place at the Minnesota Metrodome.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1987_World_Series)

1988        Feb 23, Chicago gave the Cubs baseball team the right to install lights and play up to 18 night games.
    (MC, 2/23/02)

1988        May 2, Cincinnati Reds baseball manager Pete Rose was suspended for 30 days by National League president A. Bartlett Giamatti, two days after Rose shoved an umpire during a game won by the New York Mets, 6-5. Giamatti died a week later. In 1998 his musings on baseball were published as “A Great and Glorious Game,” ed. by Kenneth S. Robson.
    (AP, 5/2/98)(SFEC, 7/5/98, BR p.9)

1988        Jul 12, The American League beat the National League 2-1 in the All-Star game played in Cincinnati.
    (AP, 7/12/98)

1988        Sep 8, A. Bartlett Giamatti, the National League president, was named to succeed Peter Ueberroth as baseball’s 7th commissioner.
    (AP, 9/8/98)

1989        Mar 20, Baseball Commissioner Peter Ueberroth confirmed that his office was investigating "serious allegations" involving Cincinnati Reds Manager Pete Rose. Ueberroth's successor, A. Bartlett Giamatti, later banned Rose from baseball for betting on games.
    (AP, 3/20/99)

1989        Apr 22, Nolan Ryan struck out his 5,000th batter, Rickey Henderson.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1989        May 13,  Minn. Twin Kirby Puckett became the 35th to hit 4 doubles in a game.
    (SS, Internet, 5/13/97)

1989        Jul 11, The American League won the 60th All-Star Game, defeating the National League 5-3 in Anaheim, Calif.
    (AP, 7/11/99)

1989        Aug 24, Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti banned Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose from major league baseball for gambling.
    (AP, 8/24/99)

1989        Aug 26, A team from Trumbull, Conn., became the first American team since 1983 to win the Little League World Series in Williamsport, Pa.
    (AP, 8/26/99)

1989        Sep 1, A. Bartlett Giamatti (51), Baseball Commissioner, died of heart attack at his summer home in Martha's Vineyard, Mass.
    (AP, 9/1/99)

1989        Sep 13, Fay Vincent was named commissioner of Major League Baseball, succeeding the late A. Bartlett Giamatti.
    (AP, 9/13/97)

1989        Oct 17, The 7.1 Loma Prieta earthquake [Watsonville] hit the Bay Area minutes before the start of a World Series game at San Francisco’s Candlestick Park. 67 people died and 3,000 were injured. It caused $7 billion worth of damage. The Spreckel’s Temple of Music in Golden Gate Park was damaged and later restored. 28,000 structures were damaged and several freeways ruined. 42 people died on the Cypress Freeway. At the train station in SF Dr. Margaret McChesney commandeered a tour bus to take frightened passengers home and navigated the driver safely through barricades of cars and gangs of marauding youths on 3rd St. In 1999 new measuring methods changed the magnitude to 6.9.
    (SFC, 4/15/96,A-6)(SFC, 10/17/96, A15)(SFC, 7/23/97, p.A13)(AP, 10/17/97)(AR,9/12/98)(HN, 10/17/98)(SFC, 10/7/99, p.A21)

1989        Oct 27, The third game of the World Series, delayed by the Northern California earthquake, was played at Candlestick Park. The Oakland A's defeated the SF Giants, 13-7.
    (AP, 10/27/99)

1989        Oct 28, The Oakland A's won the earthquake-interrupted World Series, completing a four-game sweep of the San Francisco Giants.
    (AP, 10/28/99)

1990        Apr 9, The baseball season opened a week late because of a labor dispute.
    (AP, 4/9/00)

1990        Apr 20, Pete Rose pleaded guilty to two felony counts of filing false income tax returns.
    (http://reds.enquirer.com/2004/01/06/red1timeline.html)

1990        Apr 21, Bob Engel, a National League umpire was arrested in Bakersfield, Ca., for stealing baseball cards.
    (http://tinyurl.com/qfma3)

1990        Jun 27, Jose Canseco signed a record $4,700,000 per year baseball contract with the Oakland A's.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1990        Jul 10, The American League shut out the National League, 2-to-0, in the 61st All-Star game.
    (AP, 7/10/00)

1990        Jul 19,  Baseball’s all-time hits leader Pete Rose was sentenced in Cincinnati to five months in prison for tax evasion.
    (AP, 7/19/00)

1990        Jul 25, Comedian Roseanne Barr sparked controversy with an off-key rendition of the "Star-Spangled Banner" during a double-header at Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego.
    (AP, 7/25/00)

1990        Jul 30, George Steinbrenner was forced by Commissioner Fay Vincent to resign as principal partner of NY Yankees.
    (http://tinyurl.com/bjbgt)

1990        Jul 31, Pitcher Nolan Ryan of the Texas Rangers became the 20th major leaguer to win 300 games as he led his team to victory over the Milwaukee Brewers 11-to-3.
    (AP, 7/31/00)

1990        Aug 8, Pete Rose began a 5-month prison term at Marion (IL) Federal  prison camp.
    (MC, 8/8/02)

1990        Aug 14, Denver voted for a 1% sales tax to pay for a baseball franchise.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1990        Aug 20, George Steinbrenner stepped down as NY Yankee owner.
    (http://tinyurl.com/bjbgt)

1990        Sep 2, Dave Stieb of the Toronto Blue Jays hurled a no-hitter against the Cleveland Indians, winning 3-0.
    (AP, 9/2/00)

1990        Sep 14, Ken Griffey, Sr. and Jr, hit back-to-back HRs in the 1st inning.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/chronology/1990SEPTEMBER.stm)

1990        Dec 6, Shoeless Joe Jackson's signature was sold for $23,100.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/J/Jackson_Joe.stm)

1990        George Will, political columnist, authored "Men at Work: The Craft of Baseball." He told of how the game was played through extended portraits of manager Tony La Russa, pitcher Orel Hershiser, hitter Tony Gwynn and fielder Cal Ripken Jr.
    (WSJ, 5/21/03, p.D10)

1990        Joan Kroc (d.2003 at 75), widow of Ray Kroc, sold the San Diego Padres to a group led by LA TV producer Tom Werner.
    (SFC, 10/13/03, p.A19)

1991        Jan 10, Baseball officially banned Pete Rose from being elected to the Hall of Fame.
    (http://tinyurl.com/czvp5)

1991        May 1, Nolan Ryan of the Texas Rangers threw his seventh no-hitter at age 44, shutting out the Toronto Blue Jays 3-to-0.
    (AP, 5/1/01)
1991        May 1, Rickey Henderson of the Oakland A’s set a major league record by stealing his 939th base during a game against the New York Yankees.
    (AP, 5/1/01)

1991        Jul 9, The American League defeated the National League, 4-to-2, in the All-Star Game in Toronto.
    (AP, 7/8/01)

1991        Jul 28, Dennis Martinez pitched the 15th perfect game in major-league baseball history as the Montreal Expos beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-to-0.
    (AP, 7/28/01)

1991        Aug 12, The National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York, began hosting a two-day reunion of former Negro League players.
    (AP, 8/12/01)

1991        Oct 7, Leo Durocher, baseball coach and manager (Dodgers, Giants), died at 86.
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-9031586/Leo-Durocher)

1992        Mar 3, Charges were filed in Florida against New York Mets Darryl Boston, Vince Coleman and Dwight Gooden for rape. They were dropped in April.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1992        Apr 6, Oriole Park at Camden Yards opened and Baltimore beat Cleveland 2-0.
    (MC, 4/6/02)

1992        Jun 11, Baseball owners approved the sale of Seattle Mariners to a Japanese group.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/S/Seattle_Mariners.stm)

1992        Jul 14, The American League won the All-Star game, defeating the National League team 13-6 at Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego.
    (AP, 7/14/97)

1992        Sep 3, Baseball owners voted 18-9-1 to ask commissioner Fay Vincent to resign.
    (AP, 9/3/97)

1992        Sep 7, Baseball Commissioner Fay Vincent resigned, four days after a no-confidence vote by club owners.
    (AP, 9/7/97)

1992        Sep 23, Bernice Gera, the 1st female baseball umpire (1969 NY-Penn League) died at age 61.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/chronology/1992SEPTEMBER.stm)

1992        Oct 24, The Toronto Blue Jays became the first non-U.S. team to win the World Series as they defeated the Atlanta Braves, 4-3, in game six.
    (AP, 10/24/97)

1992        Nov 10, Major League Baseball rejected the $115 million deal for Tampa Bay to acquire the SF Giants and Safeway pres. Peter Magowan led a local group to acquire the team for $100 million.
    (SFEC,12/797, Z1 p.9)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.A14)

1992        The film "A League of Their Own” with Geena Davis was produced. It was about women’s professional baseball in the 1940s and 1950s.
    (SFEC, 9/15/96, Par p. 5)(SFC, 5/22/10, p.C8)

1993        Mar 1, George Steinbrenner was reinstated as owner of New York Yankees.
    (SC, 3/1/02)

1993        Mar 22, Cleveland Indians pitchers Steve Olin and Tim Crews were killed when the boat they were riding in slammed into a Florida pier; pitcher Bob Ojeda was seriously injured.
    (AP, 3/22/97)

1993        Jul 3, Hall of Fame pitcher Don Drysdale died in Montreal, Canada, at age 56.
    (AP, 7/3/98)

1993        Jul 13, The American League defeated the National League in the All-Star Game, 9-3, in Baltimore.
    (AP, 7/13/98)

1994        Jul 12, The National League won the US baseball All-Star Game, defeating the American League 8-7.
    (AP, 7/12/99)

1994        Jul 15, During a baseball game between the Cleveland Indians and the Chicago White Sox in Chicago's Comiskey Park, umpire Dave Phillips ordered the bat of Albert Belle of the Indians to be removed from the game for later examination for illegal cork. The bat was then stolen by pitcher Jason Grimsley, who crawled through air ducts to take it. The Indians won the game 3-2 and later returned the bat under umpire threats and Belle was given a 10-game suspension that was reduced to 7 games.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, p.A3)

1994        Aug 12, In baseball's eighth work stoppage since 1972, players went on strike rather than allowing team owners to limit their salaries.
    (AP, 8/12/99)

1994        Sep 14, On the 34th day of a strike by players, Bud Selig, acting commissioner, announced the 1994 baseball season was over. All 28 baseball owners voted to cancel rest of 1994 season.
    (AP, 9/14/99)

1994        Sep 18, Ken Burn's "Baseball" premiered on PBS.
    (www.npr.org/programs/npc/2002/020918.kburns.html)

1995        Mar 31, Baseball players agreed to end their 232-day strike after a judge granted a preliminary injunction against club owners.
    (AP, 3/31/00)

1995        Apr 2, Baseball owners accepted the players' union offer to play without a contract, ending the longest and costliest strike in the history of professional sports.
    (AP, 4/2/98)

1995        Jul 20, Baseball Hall-of-Famers Duke Snider and Willie McCovey pleaded guilty in New York to tax evasion.
    (AP, 7/20/00)

1995        Aug 13, Baseball Hall of Famer Mickey Mantle died at a Dallas hospital of rapidly spreading liver cancer at the age of 63.
    (HN, 8/13/98)

1995        Sep 6, Baltimore Orioles shortstop Cal Ripken broke Lou Gehrig’s record by playing his 2,131st consecutive game.
    (AP, 9/6/00)

1996        Feb 19, Charlie O. Finley (77), baseball showman died in Chicago.
    (AP, 2/19/07)

1996        Apr 1, Baseball umpire John McSherry died after collapsing during a season opener between the Cincinnati Reds and Montreal Expos.
    (AP, 4/1/97)

1996        Jul 9, The National League won the All-Star game, defeating the American League 6-0 in Philadelphia.
    (AP, 7/9/97)

1996        Sep 6, Eddie Murray of the Baltimore Orioles hit his 500th career home run during a game against the Detroit Tigers, joining Hall of Famers Hank Aaron and Willie Mays as the only players with at least 3,000 hits and 500 homers.
    (AP, 9/6/97)

1996        The Walt Disney Co. acquired a controlling stake in the Los Angeles Angels baseball team.
    (WSJ, 8/29/02, p.A1)

1997        Mar 5, Tommy Lasorda, Nellie Fox and Willie Wells Sr. were elected to baseball's Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 3/5/98)

1997        Apr 15, Jackie Robinson's number 42 was retired 50 years after he became the first black player in major league baseball.
    (AP, 4/15/98)

1997        May 13, Baseball's Exec Council suspended NY Yankee owner George Steinbrenner.
    (http://tinyurl.com/bjbgt)

1997        A jury convicted Denny McLain, former Detroit Tiger pitcher, and his business partner of stealing $3 million from a pension fund.
    (www.clickondetroit.com/sports/2586043/detail.html)

1998        Mar 3, Larry Doby (d.2003 at 79), the first black player in the American League (1947), was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 3/3/99)(WSJ, 6/20/03, p.A1)

1998        Mar 19, Completing baseball's transformation from family ownership to corporate control, Rupert Murdoch's Fox Group won approval to buy the Los Angeles Dodgers for a record $350 million. News Corporation later sold the Dodgers to Boston real estate developer Frank McCourt.
    (AP, 3/19/08)

1998        May 17, New York Yankees pitcher David Wells became the 13th player in modern major league baseball history to throw a perfect game as he retired all 27 batters he faced in a 4-0 victory over the Minnesota Twins.
    (AP, 5/17/99)

1998        Jul 7, The American League defeated the National League 13-8 in baseball's All-Star Game, played in Denver.
    (AP, 7/7/08)

1998        Sep 1, Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals hit his 56th and 57th home runs, breaking the one-season record set by Hack Wilson in 1930.
    (AP, 9/1/99)

1998        Sep 7, In baseball the St. Louis Cardinal’s Mark McGwire hit his 61st home run at Busch Stadium in St. Louis against the Chicago Cubs in the first inning. This tied the 1961 record held by Roger Maris.
    (SFC, 9/8/98, p.A1)

1998        Sep 8, Mark McGwire his 62nd home run off Chicago Cubs pitcher Steve Trachsel in St. Louis and broke the 1961 record set by Roger Maris.
    (SFC, 9/9/98, p.A1)(AP, 9/8/99)

1998        Sep 12, Sammy Sosa of the Chicago Cubs became the fourth major league baseball player to hit 60 home runs in a single season.
    (AP, 9/12/99)

1998        Sep 13 Sammy Sosa of the Chicago Cubs hit his 61st and 62nd home runs of the season, passing Roger Maris' record and pulling into a tie with St. Louis' Mark McGwire.
    (AP, 9/13/99)

1998        Sep 18, Mark McGwire hit his 64th home run of the season, pulling out of a tie with Sammy Sosa.
    (AP, 9/18/03)

1998        Sep 27, St. Louis Cardinal Mark McGwire hit his 69th and 70th home runs in his last game of the season against the Montreal Expos at Busch Stadium. The ball was later sold at auction for $3.005 million to Todd McFarlane, creator of "Spawn" comic books.
    (SFC, 9/28/98, p.A1)(SFC, 2/9/99, p.A2)

1999        Mar 8, Joe DiMaggio, New York Yankees baseball star known as the "Yankee Clipper," died at age 84 in Hollywood, Florida. In 1975 Maury Allen authored “Where Have You Gone, Joe DiMaggio.” In 1995 Joseph Durso authored the biography “DiMaggio: The Last American Knight.” In 2000 Richard Ben Cramer authored “Joe DiMaggio: The Hero’s Life.”
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/9/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/18/00, p.A24)

1999        May 3, In Baltimore the Cuban baseball team beat the Baltimore Orioles 12-6. 7 members missed the departure the next day and one coach, Rigoberto Betancourt Herrera, was reported to have defected, as the others over slept. The 6 stragglers departed May 5.
    (SFC, 5/5/99, p.A1,6)(SFC, 5/6/99, p.A7)

1999        Jul 14, Major league umpires voted to resign September second and not work the final month of the season. The strategy collapsed, with baseball owners accepting the resignations of 22 umpires.
    (AP, 7/14/00)

1999        Jul 15, The Seattle Mariners played their first game in their new home, Safeco Field, losing to the San Diego Padres, 3-to-2.
    (AP, 7/15/00)

1999        Jul 18, David Cone of the New York Yankees pitched a perfect game against the Montreal Expos, leading his team to a 6-to-0 victory.
    (AP, 7/18/00)

1999        Jul 27, In an overwhelming defeat for major league umpires, their threatened walkout collapsed when all of the umpires withdrew their resignations; however, about one-third of them ended up losing their jobs anyway.
    (AP, 7/27/00)

1999        Aug 5, Mark McGwire became the 16th member of the 500-home run club, hitting two homers— numbers 500 and 501 -- in the St. Louis Cardinals’ loss to San Diego.
    (AP, 8/5/00)

1999        Aug 6, Tony Gwynn became the 22nd major leaguer to reach three-thousand hits.
    (AP, 8/6/00)

1999        Aug 7, Wade Boggs became the first player to homer for his three-thousandth hit.
    (AP, 8/7/00)

1999        Aug 14, Pee Wee Reese, Baseball Hall of Fame shortstop for the Dodgers, died at age 81 in Kentucky.
    (WSJ, 8/16/99, p.A1)(AP, 8/14/00)

1999        Sep 1, Twenty-two of baseball’s 68 permanent umpires found themselves jobless, the fallout from their union’s failed attempt to force an early start to negotiations for a new labor contract.
    (AP, 9/1/00)

1999        Sep 11, Eric Milton pitched a no-hitter for the Minnesota Twins in their 7-to-0 win over the Anaheim Angels.
    (AP, 9/11/00)

2000        Jan 31, Atlanta Braves pitcher John Rocker was suspended by baseball commissioner Bud Selig for disparaging foreigners, homosexuals and minorities in a Sports Illustrated interview.
    (AP, 1/31/01)

2000        Apr 15, Cal Ripken of the Baltimore Orioles became the 24th player to reach three-thousand hits when he lined a clean single to center off Twins reliever Hector Carrasco. The Orioles won the game, 6-to-4.
    (AP, 4/15/01)

2000        Apr 18, In his first game back following a 12-game suspension for making disparaging remarks about minorities, gays and immigrants, Atlanta’s John Rocker pitched a scoreless ninth inning in a 4-to-3, 12-inning victory over Philadelphia.
    (AP, 4/18/01)

2000        Jul 11, The American League defeated the National League 6-to-3 in the All-Star Game.
    (AP, 7/11/01)

2000        Oct 26, The New York Yankees became the first team in more than a quarter century to win three straight World Series championships, beating the New York Mets 4-to-2 in game five of their "Subway Series." The Yankees matched the Oakland Athletics' three in a row from 1972-74, and won their fourth title in five years.
    (AP, 10/26/01)

2001        Jan 16, Dave Winfield and Kirby Puckett were elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame on their first try.
    (AP, 1/16/02)

2001        Feb 18, Eddie Mathews (69), baseball Hall of Famer, died at age.
    (AP, 2/18/02)

2001        Mar 6, Bill Mazeroski was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame, along with former Negro League player Hilton Smith.
    (AP, 3/5/02)

2001        Apr 4, Hideo Nomo became the fourth pitcher in major league history to throw a no-hitter in both leagues with Boston's 3-to-0 victory over Baltimore. Nomo, who threw a no-hitter for Los Angeles in 1996, joined Cy Young, Jim Bunning and Nolan Ryan as the only pitchers with no-hitters in both leagues.
    (AP, 4/4/02)

2001        Apr 9, Baseball Hall-of-Famer Willie Stargell died in Wilmington, N.C., at age 61.
    (AP, 4/9/02)

2001        Apr 17, San Francisco Giants slugger Barry Bonds became the 17th major leaguer ever to reach 500 career home runs.
    (AP, 4/17/02)

2001        Jul 10, In Seattle the American League beat the National League 4:1 in the annual All-Star game at Safeco Field.
    (SFC, 7/11/01, p.A1)

2001        Aug 26, The Tokyo Kitasuna beat Apopka, Fla., 2-1 to win the Little League championship in South Williamsport, Pa.
    (AP, 8/26/02)

2001        Sep 3, St. Louis Cardinals pitcher Bud Smith became the 16th rookie in modern history to throw a no-hitter, shutting down San Diego in a 4-0 win.
    (AP, 9/3/02)

2001        Sep 6, In SF Barry Bonds became the fifth player in baseball history to hit 60 home runs in a season, connecting in the second inning of San Francisco's game against Arizona.
    (SFC, 9/7/01, p.A1)(AP, 9/6/02)

2001        Oct 7, In SF Barry Bonds hit his 73rd home run in the final game of the season. Two men, Alex Popov and Patrick Hayashi, fought over the ball and went to court. In 2002 a judge ruled that the ball be sold and the cash split. In 2003 the ball was auctioned off for $450,000.
    (SFC, 10/8/01, p.B1)(SFC, 12/19/02, p.A1)(SFC, 6/26/03, p.A1)

2001        Nov 6, Baseball owners voted 28-2 to eliminate two major league teams by the 2002 season.
    (AP, 11/6/02)

2002        May 17, Joe Black (78), the first black pitcher to win a World Series game, for the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1952, died in Scottsdale, Ariz.
    (AP, 5/17/03)

2002        Jul 5, Ted Williams (83), baseball Hall of Famer, died in Florida. In 2013 Ben Bradlee Jr. authored “The Kid: The Immortal Life of Ted Williams.”
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 12/15/13, p.F3)

2002        Jul 9, To the boos of disappointed fans, the All-Star game in Milwaukee finished in a 7-7 tie after 11 innings when both teams ran out of pitchers.
    (AP, 7/9/03)

2002        Aug 9, Barry Bonds of the SF Giants hit his 600th homerun and joined the ranks of Henry Aaron (660), Babe Ruth (714) and Willie Mays (755).
    (SFC, 8/10/02, p.A1)

2002        Aug 10, Sammy Sosa hit three 3-run homers in Chicago's 15-1 rout of Colorado. Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants broke Willie McCovey's 1969 record for intentional walks in a season with his 46th of the year.
    (AP, 8/10/07)

2002        Aug 16, Major League Baseball players set a strike deadline of Aug. 30. The two sides finally reached an agreement with just six hours to spare.
    (AP, 8/16/03)

2002        Aug 30, Major League Baseball players reached agreement with team owners on a four-year labor deal, narrowly averting a strike that threatened to drive away the sport's already embittered fans. It was the first time since 1970 that players and owners had agreed to a new collective bargaining agreement without a work stoppage.
    (Reuters, 8/30/02)(AP, 8/30/03)

2002        Sep 19, Kansas City first base coach Tom Gamboa was attacked without warning by two fans, a father and son, who came out of the seats at Chicago's Comiskey Park. The father, 34-year-old William Ligue Jr., and his 15-year-old son later received probation.
    (AP, 9/19/03)

2002        Oct 27, The Anaheim Angels beat the SF Giants in the 7th game of the baseball World Series 4-1.
    (SFC, 10/28/02, p.A1)

2003        Feb 17, Baltimore Orioles pitcher Steve Bechler died of heatstroke at a Fort Lauderdale, Fla., hospital, less than 24 hours after complaining of dizziness during a spring training workout.
    (AP, 2/17/04)

2003        Jun 18, Larry Doby (70), baseball Hall-of-Famer who broke the American League's color barrier in 1947, died in Montclair, N.J.
    (AP, 6/18/04)

2003        Jul 29, Boston's Bill Mueller became the first player in major league history to hit grand slams from both sides of the plate in a game and connected for three homers in a 14-7 win at Texas.
    (AP, 7/29/04)

2003        Aug 10, Atlanta Braves shortstop Rafael Furcal turned the 12th unassisted triple play in major league history against the St. Louis Cardinals. St. Louis beat Atlanta 3-2.
    (AP, 8/11/04)

2003        Aug 24, Japan’s Musashi-Fuchu routed East Boynton Beach, Fla., 10-1 to win the Little League World Series.
    (AP, 8/24/08)

2003        Oct 5, The Chicago Cubs won their first postseason series since 1908 when they beat Atlanta 5-1 in the decisive Game 5 of the National League playoffs.
    (AP, 10/5/04)

2003        Oct 15, The Florida Marlins defeated the Chicago Cubs 9-6 in game 7 for the National League pennant.
    (WSJ, 10/16/03, p.A1)

2003        Oct 25, The Florida Marlins beat the NY Yankees 2-0 at Yankee Stadium and won Baseball's World Series in 6 games.
    (SSFC, 10/26/03, p.B1)

2003        Nov 7, The defending champion US baseball team failed to qualify for the 2004 Athens Olympics, losing to Mexico 2-1 in the quarterfinals of a qualifying tournament in Panama City, Panama.
    (AP, 11/7/08)

2003        Nov 11, Toronto's Roy Halladay won the American League Cy Young Award.
    (AP, 11/11/08)

2003        Nov 13, Baseball officials said 5% of anonymous samples showed steroids present, triggering mandatory tests next year.
    (WSJ, 11/14/03, p.A1)

2003        Nov 17, Texas Rangers shortstop Alex Rodriguez won the American League Most Valuable Player award.
    (AP, 11/17/04)

2003        Nov 24, Warren Spahn (82), the Hall of Fame pitcher who won more games than any other left-hander in history, died in Broken Arrow, Ok.
    (AP, 11/24/03)

2003        Dec 4, Barry Bonds, SF homerun star, told a grand jury that he used a clear substance and a cream supplied by BALCO, but that he never thought they were steroids. The SF Chronicle obtained a transcript of his testimony in 2004.
    (SFC, 12/3/04, p.A1)

2003        Michael Lewis authored "Moneyball," the story of Oakland A's general manager Billy Beane and his use of sabermetrics (a numerical study of what makes a ballplayer valuable) in building a championship-caliber team.
    (WSJ, 7/1/03, p.D8)

2004        Mar 11, San Diego opened its new 46,000 downtown Petco Park baseball stadium with the Aztec Invitational, a 4-day series between the San Diego Univ. Aztecs and the Univ. of Houston Cougars.
    (Econ, 4/10/04, p.23)

2004        Mar 17, Major league Baseball banned THG, a steroid at the center of a criminal probe involving a SF-area lab.
    (WSJ, 3/18/04, p.A1)

2004        Mar 21, Veterans Stadium (b.1971) in Philadelphia was demolished in 62 seconds following 2,800 explosions.
    (WSJ, 3/25/04, p.D1)

2004        Apr 8, The San Diego Padres hosted the SF giants at the new 46,000 downtown Petco Park baseball stadium. It anchored a new 26-block re-development area.
    (SSFC, 3/21/04, p.D2)

2004        May 18, Randy Johnson (40) pitched a perfect game to lead the Arizona Diamondbacks to a 2-0 victory over the Atlanta Braves.
    (SFC, 5/19/04, p.D1)

2004        Sep 17, In SF Barry Bonds became the first new member of baseball’s homerun 700 club in 31 years, joining Babe Ruth and Hank Aaron. Timothy Griffith (21), was stabbed to death in a fight after the game. Rafael Antonio Cuevas (22) was arrested Oct 1. On Oct 27 the homerun ball was auctioned for $804,129. On Oct 10, 2008, Cuevas was sentenced 16 years to life for 2nd degree murder and ordered to pay a fine of $10,000.
    (SFC, 9/18/04, p.A1)(SFC, 10/2/04, p.B4)(SFC, 10/28/04, p.B1)(SFC, 10/11/08, p.B2)

2004        Oct 20, Boston Red Sox fans poured into the streets outside Fenway Park to celebrate their team's victory over the New York Yankees. Victoria Snellgrove (21) died the next day after a crowd control pellet hit her in the eye.
    (AP, 10/21/04)(WSJ, 10/22/04, p.A1)(SFC, 10/23/04, p.A2)

2004        Oct 21, The St. Louis Cardinals won the National League pennant with a 7th game win over the Houston Astros.
    (SFC, 10/22/04, p.D1)

2004        Oct 27, The Boston Red Sox won the World Series over the St. Louis Cardinals 3-0 in game 4. It was Boston's sixth championship, but the first after 86 years of frustration.
    (AP, 10/28/04)

2004        Dec 5, Senator McCain demanded that baseball players and owners take action to tighten drug testing and threatened legislation to that end.
    (WSJ, 12/6/04, p.A1)

2004        Pete Rose authored his autobiography titled "My Prison Without Bars," in which he acknowledged betting on baseball games.
    (SFC, 1/6/04, p.A1)

2005        Mar 17, US Congressional hearings began on steroid use among baseball players.
    (SFC, 3/18/05, p.A1)

2005        Apr 14, Pres. Bush threw out the 1st pitch at RFK Stadium as the Nationals brought baseball back to the capital. Washington, DC, had last hosted a major-league game in September, 1971.
    (WSJ, 4/15/05, p.A1)

2005        May 5, Charlie Muse (87), inventor of the baseball batting helmet, died in Florida.
    (WSJ, 5/17/05, p.A1)

2005        Aug 1, Rafael Palmeiro, Baltimore Orioles star, was suspended for 10 days for use of steroids. The action raised the possibility of a perjury probe.
    (SFC, 8/2/05, p.A1)

2005        Oct 26, The Chicago White Sox beat the Houston Astros 1-0 to win their first World Series title since 1917.
    (AP, 10/27/06)

2005        Nov 15, US Major League baseball owners and players agreed to tougher policy aimed at curbing the use of performance-enhancing drugs.
    (SFC, 11/16/05, p.A1)

2005        Howard Bryant authored “Juicing the Game: Drugs, Power, and the Fight for the Soul of Major League Baseball.”
    (SSFC, 7/24/05, p.B1)

2006        Mar 6, Baseball Hall of Famer Kirby Puckett died in Phoenix at age 45.
    (AP, 3/6/07)

2006        May 20, Barry Bonds tied Babe Ruth for second place on the career list with his 714th home run.
    (AP, 5/20/07)

2006        Jul 11, The American League edged the National League 3-2 in the All-Star Game in Pittsburgh.
    (AP, 7/11/07)

2006        Sep 23, Barry Bonds hit his 734th career home run in the Giants' 10-8 loss to the Brewers, breaking Hank Aaron's NL record.
    (AP, 9/23/07)

2006        Oct 7, The NY Yankees were eliminated from the first round of the AL playoffs, losing to Detroit 8-3 in Game 4. It was the second straight year New York lost in the opening round.
    (AP, 10/8/06)

2006        Oct 27, In Missouri the St Louis Cardinals won the World Series by beating the Detroit Tigers 4-2 in game 5, claiming their first MLB crown in 24 years.
    (Reuters, 10/28/06)

2006        Nov 14, Brandon Webb of the Arizona Diamondbacks won a wide-open race for the NL Cy Young Award.
    (AP, 11/14/07)

2007        Mar 15, Bowie Kuhn (80), former baseball commissioner died in Jacksonville, Fla.
    (AP, 3/15/08)

2007        Apr 29, St. Louis Cardinals relief pitcher Josh Hancock, 29, was killed in the crash of his sport utility vehicle.
    (AP, 4/29/08)

2007        Jul 29, Cal Ripken Jr. and Tony Gwynn took their place in the Baseball Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 7/29/08)

2007        Aug 4, Barry Bonds of the SF Giants hit his 755th home run tying a 1976 record set by Hank Aaron. The Giants lost to the San Diego Padres 3-2 in 12 innings.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hank_Aaron)(SSFC, 8/5/07, p.A1)
2007        Aug 4, Alex Rodriguez became at age 32 the youngest player in major league history to hit 500 home runs with a first-inning homer in a 16-8 NY Yankee victory over Kansas City.
    (AP, 8/4/08)

2007        Aug 7, In SF Barry Bonds his record breaking 756th homerun. He had just tied Hank Aaron’s record on August 4. The Giants lost to the Washington Nationals 8-6. The ball was later auctioned to fashion designer Marc Ecko for a record $752,467, which included a 20% buyer’s premium.
    (AP, 8/8/07)(SSFC, 9/16/07, p.B1)(SFC, 9/18/07, p.A1)

2007        Aug 14, Phil Rizzuto (89), the Hall of Fame shortstop during the Yankees' dynasty years and beloved by a generation of fans for exclaiming "Holy cow!" as a broadcaster, died.
    (AP, 8/14/07)

2007        Sep 1,  Clay Buchholz threw a no-hitter in his second major league start, just hours after being called up by the Boston Red Sox. Buchholz struck out nine, walked three and hit one batter to give the Red Sox a 10-0 victory over Baltimore.
    (AP, 9/1/08)

2007        Sep 19, Topps Co. CEO Arthur Shorin said shareholders had approved a deal in which Michael Eisner’s Tornante Co. investment firm and Madison Dearborn Partners LLC would take the baseball card and candy company private for $9.75 per share.
    (SFC, 9/20/07, p.C3)

2007        Sep 20, The SF Giants told Barry Bonds, a 15-year baseball star with the Giants, that his career with the Giants would end with the conclusion of the 2007 season. The decision was made public the next day.
    (SFC, 9/21/07, p.A8)(SSFC, 9/23/07, p.A1)

2007        Oct 21, The Boston Red Sox won the American League championship in Game 7 of their series with the Cleveland Indians, 11-2.
    (AP, 10/21/08)
2007        Oct 21,     Paul Byrd, pitcher for the Cleveland Indians, acknowledged that he had used human growth hormone from August 2002 to January 2005 due to a pituitary gland issue. An investigation was pending as Major League Baseball and the Indians said they had not been aware of Byrd’s use of the muscle building substance.
    (SFC, 10/22/07, p.A1)

2007        Oct 28,     In Denver the Boston Red Sox swept to their second World Series title in four years with a 4-3 win over the Colorado Rockies in Game 4.
    (AP, 10/29/07)

2007        Oct 29, Police in riot gear cleared several large crowds gathered around Fenway Park in the early morning after the Red Sox won their second World Series title in four years.
    (AP, 10/29/07)

2007        Nov 12, Ryan Braun won the NL Rookie of the Year award in one of the closest votes, while Dustin Pedroia ran away with the AL honor.
    (AP, 11/12/08)

2007        Nov 13, CC Sabathia won the AL Cy Young Award to become the first Cleveland pitcher in 35 years to earn the honor.
    (AP, 11/13/08)

2007        Nov 15, Barry Bonds, former SF Giant, was indicted on 4 counts of perjury and one count of obstruction of justice related to a December, 2003, grand jury investigation on the BALCO steroid ring. A revamped indictment was unsealed last May.
    (SFC, 11/16/07, p.A1)(AP, 11/15/08)

2007        Dec 3, Former commissioner Bowie Kuhn was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame; former Dodgers owner Walter O'Malley, managers Dick Williams and Billy Southworth and ex-Pirates owner Barney Dreyfuss also were elected.
    (AP, 12/3/08)

2007        Dec 7, Barry Bonds pleaded not guilty in San Francisco to charges he'd lied to federal investigators about using performance-enhancing drugs.
    (AP, 12/7/08)

2007        Dec 13, US Sen. George Mitchell presented his report on steroid use among professional baseball players. The 409-page report described wide-spread use and recommended tough new measures for testing and investigations.
    (SFC, 12/14/07, p.A1)

2008        Mar 25, America’s baseball season opened in Japan as the Boston Red Sox beat the Oakland Athletics 6-5.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.83)

2008        Jul 12, Bobby Murcer (62), former Yankee baseball player and broadcaster, died from a malignant brain tumor in Oklahoma City. The only person to play with Mantle and Mattingly, the popular Murcer hit .277 with 252 home runs and 1,043 RBIs in 17 seasons with the Yankees, San Francisco and the Chicago Cubs. He made the All-Star team in both leagues and won a Gold Glove.
    (AP, 7/13/08)

2008        Aug 12, Dorothy Wiltse Collins (b.1923), star pitcher in women’s professional baseball in the 1940s, died in Fort Wayne, Indiana from a stroke. Pitching for six seasons in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, created in 1943 to provide home front entertainment while many major leaguers were off to war, Collins dazzled opposing batters. The All-American league went out of business after the 1954 season. She drew on her contacts to provide the Baseball Hall of Fame with memorabilia from the league, spurring creation of its Women in Baseball exhibit in 1988.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dottie_Wiltse_Collins)

2008        Sep 21, NYC police arrested more than a dozen people for stealing pieces of Yankee Stadium during the 85-year-old ballpark's final game.
    (AP, 9/23/08)

2008        Sep 30, In the Dominican Republic a Hummer truck registered to New York Mets pitcher Ambiorix Burgos struck pedestrians Josefina Minaya Martinez (38) and Angely Fana (29). They died later at a hospital. An arrest warrant for Burgos was issued on Oct 3.
    (AP, 10/4/08)

2008        Oct 29, The Philadelphia Phillies won the baseball World Series over the Tampa Bay Rays 4-3 with the conclusion of Game 5, which had been stopped by rain 2 days earlier.
    (SFC, 10/30/08, p.D1)

2008        Nov 11, Tim Lincecum, pitcher for the SF Giants, was named winner of the Cy Young Award.
    (SFC, 11/12/08, p.A1)

2009        Feb 9, Baseball player Alex Rodriguez admitted to using performance-enhancing drugs with the Texas Rangers from 2001 to 2003.
    (WSJ, 2/10/09, p.A1)

2009        Apr 9, In Fullerton, Ca., Los Angeles Angels pitcher Nick Adenhart (22) was killed along with 2 others in a car accident with a suspected drunk driver.
    (SFC, 4/10/09, p.C1)

2009        May 7, LA Dodger’s star Manny Ramirez (36) was suspended by Major League Baseball for 50 games for using HCG, a banned drug.
    (SFC, 5/8/09, p.A1)

2009        Oct 25, The New York Yankees, baseball's biggest spenders, finally cashed in with their first pennant in six years, beating the Los Angeles Angels 5-2 in Game 6 of the AL championship series behind the savvy pitching of Andy Pettitte.
    (AP, 10/26/09)

2009        Nov 4, The New York Yankees beat the Philadelphia Phillies 7-3 in Game 6, finally seizing the World Series crown, the team's first since winning three straight from 1998-2000, making it championship No. 27.
    (AP, 11/5/09)

2009        Allen Barra authored “Yogi Berra: Eternal Yankee.”
    (WSJ, 3/19/09, p.A13)

2010        Jan 11, Mark McGwire ended more than a decade of denials and evasion admitting that steroids and human growth hormone helped make him a home run king. His record of 70 home runs in 1998 was surpassed by Barry Bonds' 73 homers in 2001, the year of McGwire's retirement and the apex of the Steroids Era. McGwire said he first used steroids between the 1989 and 1990 seasons, after helping the Oakland Athletics to a World Series sweep when he and Jose Canseco formed the Bash Brothers. He returned to steroids after the 1993 season, when he missed all but 27 games with a mysterious heel injury, after being told steroids might speed his recovery.
    (AP, 1/12/10)

2010        Apr 24, The Texas Rangers filed for bankruptcy. Hicks Sports Group, the holding company that owns the Rangers, stopped paying interest on its $525 million of debts last year.
    (Econ, 5/29/10, p.64)

2010        May 23, Jose Lima (1972-2010), a right-hand Dominican pitcher who was a 20-game winner and an All-Star during a 13-year major league career, died in Pasadena, Ca., of an apparent heart attack.
    (AP, 5/23/10)

2010        Jul 13, George Steinbrenner (80), who rebuilt the NY Yankees into a sports empire with a mix of bluster and big bucks that polarized fans all across America, died in Tampa, Fl.
    (AP, 7/13/10)

2010        Aug 14, South Korean Lee Dae-Ho broke a world record by scoring a home run for his ninth straight game.
    (AFP, 8/14/10)

2010        Oct 3, The SF Giants baseball team clinched a division title with a 3-0 win over the San Diego Padres.
    (SFC, 10/4/10, p.A1)

2010        Oct 11, The San Francisco Giants beat the Atlanta Braves 3-2 at Turner Field to clinch the National League Championship Series.
    (SFC, 10/12/10, p.A1)

2010        Oct 23, The SF Giants won a trip to the World Series. In Pennsylvania Juan Uribe hit a tiebreaking homer off Ryan Madson with two outs in the eighth inning and the Giants held off the Phillies 3-2 in Game 6 of the NL championship series. This finished off the Phillies' bid to become the first NL team in 66 years to win three straight pennants.
    (AP, 10/24/10)(SSFC, 10/24/10, p.1)

2010        Oct 27, The SF Giants battered the Texas Rangers 11-7 in Game 1 of the World Series.
    (AP, 10/28/10)

2010        Oct 28, The SF Giants at home won game 2 of the world series, 9-0, over the Texas Rangers.
    (SFC, 10/29/10, p.A1)

2010        Oct 30, In Texas the SF Giants lost game 3 of the World Series 4-2 to the Texas Rangers leaving SF up 2 games to 1.
    (SFC, 11/1/10, p.A1)

2010        Nov 1, The SF Giants won the Baseball World Series beating the Texas Rangers 3-1 in Game 5 in San Francisco. Edgar Renteria blasted his second home run of the 2010 Fall Classic, a three-run shot, to win the championship. Renteria had the game-winning hit in the 11th inning of Game 7 in the 1997 World Series for the Florida Marlins.
    (AP, 11/2/10)(http://tinyurl.com/29joxc3)

2010        Nov 3, In San Francisco tens of thousands of baseball fans flocked downtown to toast the SF Giants' World Series championship and see their hometown heroes take a victory lap in a ticker-tape parade.
    (AP, 11/4/10)

2010        Nov 4, Sparky Anderson (76), Hall of Fame big league baseball manager, died from complications of dementia in Thousand Oaks, Ca. He was the first manager to win World Series titles in both leagues and the only manager to lead two franchises in career wins. Anderson won 863 games in nine years with the Cincinnati Reds and 1,331 in 17 seasons with the Detroit Tigers.
    (AP, 11/5/10)

2011        Mar 31, SF Giants fan Bryan Stow was beaten and left in a coma following a game outside Dodger Stadium. LA police on May 22 arrested suspect Giovanni Ramirez (31). On June 20 Ramirez was given a 10-month prison sentence for alleged gun possession. On July 21 police arrested two new suspects in the case, Louis Alex Sanchez (29) and Marvin Eugene Norwood (30). Stow spent two years in hospitals and rehabilitation. On Feb 20, 2014, Louie Sanchez (31) and Marvin Norwood (33) pleaded guilty in LA to felony charges in the attack on Stow.
    (SFC, 5/23/11, p.A1)(SFC, 6/21/11, p.C2)(SFC, 7/22/11, p.A1)(SFC, 7/23/11, p.A8)(SFC, 2/21/14, p.A1)

2011        Apr 13, A jury in San Francisco, Ca., convicted former baseball star Barry Bonds of obstruction of justice regarding his use of performance-enhancing drugs. On Sep 13, 2013, a federal appeals court upheld the felony conviction.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A1)(SFC, 9/14/13, p.C1)

2011        Jul 6, SF Giants management dismissed payroll manager Robin O’Connor (41) after she admitted to diverting over $608 thousand to her personal bank account. Further reviews found that she had diverted over $1.5 million to her own accounts since June, 2010. On March 26, 2012, O’Connor admitted embezzling $2.2 million and was sentenced to 21 months in federal prison.
    (SFC, 8/31/11, p.A1)(SFC, 3/27/12, p.C2)

2011        Nov 9, In Venezuela Washington Nationals catcher Wilson Ramos (24), who had just finished his rookie season, was seized from his home in the town of Santa Ines by kidnappers. Ramos was reported rescued on Nov 11.
    (AP, 11/10/11)(AP, 11/11/11)

2012        Jun 13, In San Francisco Matt Cain pitched a perfect game in a 10-0 victory over the Houston Astros. This was a first for the SF Giants and only the 22nd perfect game in major league history.
    (SFC, 6/14/12, p.A12)

2012        Oct 28, In Detroit, Michigan, the SF Giants won the World Series beating the Detroit Tigers 4-3 in a 4-game sweep.
    (SFC, 10/29/12, p.A1)

2013        Feb 6, In Boston a rare 1865 photograph of the Brooklyn Atlantics baseball team, discovered at a Maine yard sale and considered one of the first baseball cards ever, sold for $92,000 at an auction.
    (AP, 2/7/13)

2013        Mar 29, In San Francisco Buster Posey, catcher for the SF Giants, signed a 9-year, $167 million contract, the largest in the club’s history.
    (SFC, 3/30/13, p.A1)

2013        Jun, Cuba agreed to return to the Caribbean Series, a baseball tournament which it left in 1961.
    (Econ, 10/5/13, p.42)

2013        Aug 5, US Major League Baseball handed down suspensions to a dozen players for their use of performance-enhancing drugs. Most were suspended for 50 games.
    (Econ, 8/10/13, p.29)

2013        Sep 25, In San Francisco Jonathan Denver (24), a Fort Bragg plumber’s apprentice, was stabbed to death during an altercation following and Giants vs. Dodgers baseball game. Michael Montgomery (21) of Lodi was arrested for the stabbing.
    (SFC, 9/27/13, p.A1)

2014        Jan 22, The New York Yankees signed Japanese pitching ace Masahiro Tanaka to a $155 million contract.
    (SSFC, 1/26/14, p.A4)

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