Timeline CIA &FBI

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CIA: https://www.cia.gov/kids-page/6-12th-grade/operation-history/history-of-the-cia.html
FBI:
http://www.fbi.gov/fbihistory.htm

1865        Jul 5, The US Secret Service began operating under the Treasury Department. The Secret Service Division began in Washington, D.C., to suppress counterfeit currency. Chief William P. Wood was sworn in by Secretary of the Treasury Hugh McCulloch.
    (MC, 7/5/02)(http://www.ustreas.gov/usss/history.shtml)

1867         US Secret Service responsibilities were broadened to include "detecting persons perpetrating frauds against the government." This appropriation resulted in investigations into the Ku Klux Klan, non-conforming distillers, smugglers, mail robbers, land frauds, and a number of other infractions against the federal laws.
    (http://www.ustreas.gov/usss/history.shtml)

1870         US Secret Service headquarters relocated to New York City.
    (http://www.ustreas.gov/usss/history.shtml)

1874         Secret Service headquarters returned to Washington, D.C. after 4 years in NYC.
    (http://www.ustreas.gov/usss/history.shtml)

1875         The first commission book and a new badge were issued to operatives of the US Secret Service.
    (http://www.ustreas.gov/usss/history.shtml)

1877         Congress passed an Act prohibiting the counterfeiting of any coin, gold or silver bar.
    (http://www.ustreas.gov/usss/history.shtml)

1883         The US Secret Service was officially acknowledged as a distinct organization within the Treasury Department.
    (http://www.ustreas.gov/usss/history.shtml)

1893        Apr 7, Allan W. Dulles, US diplomat, CIA head (1953-61), (Germany's Underground), was born.
    (MC, 4/7/02)

1894         The Secret Service began informal part-time protection of President Cleveland.
    (http://www.ustreas.gov/usss/history.shtml)

1895         US Congress passed corrective legislation for the counterfeiting or possession of counterfeit stamps.
    (http://www.ustreas.gov/usss/history.shtml)

1901         Congress informally requested Secret Service Presidential protection following the assassination of President William McKinley.
    (http://www.ustreas.gov/usss/history.shtml)

1902         The Secret Service assumed full-time responsibility for protection of the President. Two operatives were assigned full time to the White House Detail.
    (http://www.ustreas.gov/usss/history.shtml)

1908        Jul 26, US Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte issued an order creating an investigative agency that was a forerunner of the FBI. Until this time Pinkerton had served as the America’s unofficial national law enforcement agency.
    (AP, 7/26/97)(ON, 7/06, p.12)

1913        Mar 13, William J. Casey, headed CIA during Iran Contra scandal (1981-87), was born.
    (MC, 3/13/02)

1917        Jul 26, J. Edgar Hoover got job with the Justice Department.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1919        Nov, Attorney Gen'l. A. Mitchell Palmer ordered anti-Communist raids supported by his assistant J. Edgar Hoover. The Palmer raids led to the arrest of over 450 members of the Union of Russian Workers. [see Jan. 1920]
    (SSFC, 1/11/04, p.M6)

1920        Nov, The US Palmer raids led to the arrest of some 10,000 members of radical clubs. [see Nov. 1919]
    (SSFC, 1/11/04, p.M6)

1921        Aug 22, J. Edgar Hoover became asst. director of FBI.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1924        Mar 6, William H. Webster, US judge, head FBI and CIA, was born.
    (MC, 3/6/02)

1924        May 10, J. Edgar Hoover was appointed head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation at age 29.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1924)(AP, 5/10/97)(HN, 5/10/98)

1924        Jun 15, J. Edgar Hoover assumed leadership of the FBI. [see May 10]
    (MC, 6/15/02)

1933-1935    The US Justice Department’s War on Crime took place. In 2004 Bryan Burrough authored “Public Enemies: America’s Greatest Crime Wave and the Birth of the FBI, 1933-1934” a reconstruction of this period based on FBI files.
    (WSJ, 7/15/04, p.D8)(SSFC, 7/25/04, p.M3)

1934        May 15, US Dept. of Justice offered $25,000 reward for John Dillinger, dead or alive.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1934        Jul 22, A man identified as bank robber John Dillinger (33) was shot to death by federal agents outside Chicago's Biograph Theater. FBI agent Murray Faulkner, brother of William Faulkner, helped in the killing.  In 1924 Dillinger was sent to the Indiana State Reformatory for holding up a grocer, and was later transferred to the Michigan City, Indiana, State Prison, where he hatched a plan for a mass breakout with a group of other infamous convicts. When Dillinger was paroled in 1933, he robbed several banks to provide money for his friends’ escape. He was caught in Ohio, but by then his friends had escaped and they helped him break out. Dillinger was famous for the size of his penis, which was "reportedly" severed and shown at exclusive viewings. Dillinger’s supposed death remains mysterious. Anna Sage, the "Lady in Red," had agreed to deliver Dillinger to the FBI if they would stop deportation proceedings against her. The setup went as planned, and the FBI shot the man with Anna Sage. By some accounts, the man was not John Dillinger.
    (AP, 7/22/97)(SFC,12/26/97, p.C22)(HNPD, 7/22/98)(HN, 7/22/99)

1935        Jan 16, US federal agents killed gangsters Ma Barker and Freddy, one of her 4 sons, at Lake Weir, Florida.
    (AH, 2/05, p.16)

1936        May 1, FBI's J Edgar Hoover arrests Alvin Karpis.
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1936        Aug 24, FDR gave the FBI authority to pursuit fascists and communists.
    (MC, 8/24/02)

1939        Edwin Sutherland, sociology prof. at Indiana Univ., coined the term white-collar crime.
    (WSJ, 10/15/03, p.B1)

1942        Jun 27, The FBI announced the capture of eight Nazi saboteurs who had been put ashore from 2 submarines, one off New York’s Long Island and the other off of Florida. The men were tried by a military court and 6 were secretly executed in a DC jail. Ernest Burger and George Dasch were sentenced to 30 years in prison for their help in revealing the plot. They were pardoned in 1948 by Pres. Truman.
    (AP, 6/27/97)(SFC, 11/30/01, p.A18)

1944        Jun 20, The US Congress chartered the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1945        Nov 9, FBI agents staked out a house in Berkeley, Ca., to watch George Eltenton, a suspected Soviet spy. In 1946 Eltenton admitted that he had tried to obtain secret data on Berkeley’s radiation lab. Eltenton moved to Britain in 1947.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F2)

1945        Russian code clerk Igor Gouzenko defected to Canada and Elizabeth Bentley changed her role from Soviet courier to FBI informant. They helped the West gain an understanding of Soviet spy rings in North America. In 2003 Lauren Kessler authored "Clever Girl: Elizabeth Bentley, the Spy Who Ushered in the McCarthy Era." Bentley provided the FBI with the names of 150 spies.
    (WSJ, 9/22/99, p.A22)(SSFC, 8/17/03, p.M2)(SSFC, 1/11/04, p.M6)

1945        John S. Service (d.1999 at 89), one of the US "China hands" experts, participated in the "Dixie Mission" as a US Foreign Service officer, and visited Mao Zedong at Yanan. He reported that Chiang Kai-shek was vulnerable due to corruption and that the Communists would win the war. The US ambassador to China, Army Gen'l. Patrick Hurley, ordered him back to the US and later accused him of handing secret US documents to the Chinese. In the US Service was arrested by the FBI in the Amerasia affair and became a target of Joseph McCarthy. He was dismissed from the State Dept. in 1951 but later vindicated.
    (SFC, 2/5/99, p.D4)

1946        Jan 22, President Truman set up the Central Intelligence Group. In late 1945 he had coordinated various intelligence reform plans considered in the drafting of the directive that created the CIG. In 1947 it was re-named the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
    (http://tinyurl.com/l3go2n)

1946        Mar 2, Kingman Douglass became deputy director of CIA.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1947        Jul 26, President Truman signed the National Security Act, creating the Department of Defense, the National Security Council, the Central Intelligence Agency, CIA, FBI, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The act forbade the CIA from operating within the US. The CIA was transformed from the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), founded by Gen. William Donovan (1941), and was led by Adm. Walter Chilcott Ford (d.1999 at 96) until 1949.
    (SFC, 11/23/96, p.A2)(AP, 7/26/97)(SFC, 11/25/99, p.D9)(WSJ, 1/14/07, p.P8)

1947        Frank Wisner was recruited by Dean Acheson to join the US State Department's Office of Occupied Territories. In 1948, the CIA created a covert action wing, innocuously called the Office of Policy Coordination (OPC). Frank Wisner was put in charge of the operation and recruited many of his old friends from the NYC Carter Ledyard law firm. Wisner later coined the term “mighty Wurlitzer” to describe the orchestration of the agency’s activities.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Wisner)

1949        The National Council for a Free Europe was set up, seemingly the initiative of American philanthropists, to help refugees. It was later revealed to be a CIA front group.
    (WSJ, 1/23/08, p.D8)

1950        Mar 14, The FBI began its "10 Most Wanted" list after a reporter asked for the names and descriptions of the "toughest guys" the FBI would like to capture.
    (SFEC, 4/30/00, Par p.4)

1950         Mar 22, A one-page memo was addressed to FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover from Guy Hottel, then head of the FBI's Washington, D.C., field office. It relayed some information from an informant. The subject:    FLYING SAUCERS INFORMATION CONCERNING: "An investigator for the Air Force stated that three so-called flying saucers had been recovered in New Mexico. They were described as being circular in shape with raised centers, approximately 50 feet in diameter. Each one was occupied by three bodies of human shape but only 3 feet tall, dressed in metallic cloth of a very fine texture. Each body was bandaged in a manner similar to the blackout suits used by speed fliers and test pilots.” The file was released in April 2011 under the Freedom of Information Act. The memo is dated nearly three years after the infamous events in Roswell in July 1947.
    (http://tinyurl.com/cwg4uwp)

1951        Mar 10, FBI director J. Edgar Hoover declined the post of baseball commissioner.
    (MC, 3/10/02)

1952        Nov 29, A plane carrying CIA paramilitary officers on their first overseas assignment, John T. Downey (22) of New Britain, Conn., and Richard G. Fecteau (25), of Lynn, Mass., was shot down over Jilin province. Pilots, Robert C. Snoddy (31), a native of Roseburg, Ore., and Norman A. Schwartz (29) of Louisville, Ky., did not survive. Downey and Fecteau were captured. They had been assigned to a covert program called "Third Force," intended to create a resistance network. Fecteau was released by China in December 1971 and Downey in March 1973, shortly after President Richard Nixon publicly acknowledged Downey's CIA connection.
    (SFC, 7/3/98, p.A11)(SFC, 7/10/02, p.A12)(AP, 6/19/10)

1953        Feb 9, General Walter Bedell Smith, USA, ended term as 4th director of CIA. Allen W. Dulles, became acting director of CIA and served to 1961.
    (MC, 2/9/02)(SFC, 5/29/97, p.A4)

1953        Feb 26, Allen W. Dulles was promoted from deputy to 5th director of CIA.
    (SC, 2/26/02)

1953        Mar, The US CIA’s Tehran station reported that an Iranian general had approached the US embassy for support in an army-led coup. Based on this information Allen Dulles, director of the CIA, approved $1 million to be used to help bring about the fall of Prime Minister Mossadegh. Pres. Eisenhower gave the CIA the ok to overthrow the elected government of PM Mohammad Mossadegh. Mossadegh had nationalized the Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. after Britain refused to compromise and split profits 50-50. In 2003 Stephen Kinzer authored "All the Shah's Men: An American Coup and the Roots of the Middle East Terror."
    (SFEC, 4/16/00, p.A18)(SSFC, 8/24/03, p.M6)

1953        Aug 15, In Iran a CIA plot, masterminded by Kermit Roosevelt, to unseat PM Mossadeq failed. A 2nd attempt succeeded on August 19.
    (Econ, 5/15/10, p.92)

1953        Aug 19, Gen'l. Zahedi ousted PM Mossadegh and became the Premier of Iran in a bloody coup that left 300 dead. Britain and the US CIA under Allen Dulles planned a secret mission to overthrow the government. PM Mossadeq had sought to nationalize the Anglo-Persian Oil Co. The US government made a formal apology for the coup in 2000. A 1954 CIA description of the coup was made public in 2000. In 1979 Kermit Roosevelt (d.2000) published “Countercoup: The Struggle for the Control of Iran,” an account of his role in the coup. In 2010 Darioush Bayandor authored “Iran and the CIA: The Fall of Mossadeq Revisited.”
    (SFC, 11/20/53, p.A1)(SFC, 11/15/99, p.E6)(SFC, 5/29/97, p.A4)(WSJ, 3/20/00, p.A1)(SFEC, 4/16/00, p.A18)(SFEC, 6/11/00, p.D6)(WSJ, 4/2/07, p.A6)(Econ, 5/15/10, p.91)

1953        Pres. Eisenhower gave the CIA the ok to overthrow the elected government of PM Mohammad Mossadegh. Mossadegh had nationalized the Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. after Britain refused to compromise and split profits 50-50. In 2003 Stephen Kinzer authored "All the Shah's Men: An American Coup and the Roots of the Middle East Terror."
    (SSFC, 8/24/03, p.M6)
1953        The first issue of the US CIA sponsored British magazine "Encounter" was published under Irving Kristol and Stephen Spender. It became the West's most important vehicle for highbrow anti-Marxist commentary. The funding source did not become known until 1966/7.
    (WSJ, 3/27/00, p.A46)(Econ, 6/19/04, p.81)
1953        Thomas Guinzburg, Donald Hall, Harold Humes, Peter Matthiessen (1927-2014) and George Plimpton founded the Paris Review. William Styron (1925-2006) helped establish the Paris Review. Matthiessen later admitted that he was a CIA recruit and used his work with the Review as a cover.
    (SFC, 9/27/03, p.A2)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.95)(SSFC, 4/6/14, p.A18)
1953        Frank Olson, US Army chemist, jumped to his death from a hotel window while under the influence of LSD. He was an unwitting subject in the CIA MKULTRA mind-control project. In 1976 Congress approved a $760,000 payment to his widow.
    (SSFC, 7/14/02, p.A4)

1954        May 19, Postmaster General Summerfield approved a CIA mail-opening project.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1954        Jun 2, Senator Joseph McCarthy charged that there are communists working in the CIA and atomic weapons plants.
    (HN, 6/2/98)

1954        Jun 27, CIA-sponsored rebels overthrew the elected government of Guatemala. A US supported force of Guatemalan mercenaries invaded from Honduras. Sam Zemurray, head of United Fruit, helped fund the rebels. Pres. Arbenz was toppled and replaced by 30 years of military rule. He spent much of his exile in Cuba. Arbenz died in 1971 in Mexico City. It was disclosed in 1997 to have been motivated by US economic interests with 58 Guatemalan politicians put on a list of potential targets for political killing. In 1982 “Bitter Fruit: The Untold Story of the American Coup in Guatemala” by Stephen Schlesinger and Stephen Kinzer, was published by Doubleday. In 2011 Guatemalan President Alvaro Colom acknowledged the state's responsibility in overthrowing Arbenz and apologized to his family.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.783)(SFC, 5/24/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/3/99, p.A18)(AP, 10/21/11)(SSFC, 7/8/12, p.F5)

1955        Apr 18, Albert Einstein (76), physicist, died in Princeton New Jersey. Dr. Thomas Harvey, chief pathologist at Princeton Hospital, performed Albert Einstein’s autopsy. He removed the brain and took it home. In 2000 Michael Paterniti authored "Driving Mr. Albert: A Trip Across America with Einstein’s Brain." In 1999 it was reported that Einstein’s inferior parietal lobe was larger than normal. In 2000 Amir D. Aczel published "God's Equation: Einstein, Relativity, and the Expanding Universe." [see Apr 15] In 1983 Abraham Pais (d.2000 at 81) authored "Subtle Is the Lord: The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein." In 2000 Dennis Overbye authored "Einstein In Love," on Einstein’s 1st marriage with Mileva Maric. In 2002 Fred Jerome authored "The Einstein File: J. Edgar Hoover’s Secret War Against the World’s Most Famous Scientist."
    (EnRoute, 11/’95, p.111)(AP, 4/18/97)(SFC, 6/18/99, p.A18)(SFEC, 1/9/00, BR p.4)(SFC, 8/1/00, p.B2)(WSJ, 10/20/00, p.W10)(SSFC, 3/18/01, BR p.6)(SFC, 9/15/02, p.M5)

1955        Aug 4, Eisenhower authorized $46 million for the construction of CIA headquarters.
    (MC, 8/4/02)

1956        John Kerry King (d.2003 at 86), CIA official and consultant (1956-1979), authored "Southeast Asia in Perspective."
    (SFC, 4/12/03, p.A18)

1956        The FBI created its “Reserve Index,” a list of people who did not meet standards for another detention list approved by the Justice Department. By 1959 the reserve index totaled 12,784 names.
    (SFCM, 10/10/04, p.20)

1956        Winston Scott (1909-1971) was appointed as the American CIA station chief in Mexico.
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/JFKscottW.htm)

1957        Mar 13, The FBI arrested Jimmy Hoffa on bribery charges.
    (HN, 3/13/98)

1957        Jul 22, In El Segundo, Ca., 2 police officers were shot and killed after pulling over a car for running a red light. Gerald Mason (68) was arrested in 2003 following fingerprint ID from a new FBI database.
    (SFC, 1/30/03, p.A5)

1957        The FBI closed its investigation on Jay Lovestone (d.1999), a former Communist turned CIA informer, after 6 years of wiretaps. Lovestone worked as an executive secretary for the AFL's Free Trade Union Committee which was primarily supported by CIA funds.
    (WSJ, 5/19/99, p.A20)

1957        The first team of 6 Tibetans trained at a Saipan US CIA base and then airdropped back into Tibet with modern weapons and radios.
    (WSJ, 8/30/08, p.A8)

1958        A secret war in Indonesia ended abruptly when Allen Pope, a CIA contract pilot, was downed in a dogfight. Pope was carrying a trove of documents that revealed the extent of US involvement. The CIA had been sending weapons and advisers to anti-government rebels on Indonesia’s Sulawesi island as mercenaries mounted combat sorties in a fleet of unmarked B-26 bombers. Indonesia later received a batch of 10 C-130 transport planes from the US in exchange for Pope’s release.
    (AP, 4/24/05)(AP, 5/20/09)

1958        The US CIA began airdropping weapons over Tibet.
    (WSJ, 8/30/08, p.A8)

1960        May 9, US sent a U-2 over USSR.
    (MC, 5/9/02)

1960-1979    The US CIA launched a secret domestic spying program dubbed MHCHAOS aimed at the US anti-war underground press. The events were later described in the 1997 book by Angus McKenzie (d.1997): "Secrets: The CIA’s War at Home."
    (http://archives.cjr.org/year/98/2/books-cia.asp)

1961        Apr 17, About 1,500 CIA-trained Cuban exiles launched the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in a failed attempt to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro. The US clandestinely invaded Cuba in the Bay of Pigs operation and the operation failed completely without any of the promised air support from the United States. Cuban forces killed 200 rebels and captured 1,197 in less than 72 hours. 26 survivors were rescued after 3 days of fighting. A single copy of a CIA report written by inspector general Lyman Kirkpatrick was made public in 1998. The operation, which had been devised during the Eisenhower Administration, was nonetheless endorsed by the new president, John F. Kennedy. In 1979 Peter Wyden wrote “Bay of Pigs: The Untold Story.” Portion of the 1961 Taylor Report was made public in 1977 and 1986. Most of the report was made public in 2000 and it showed that the CIA knew that the Soviets knew the exact date of the attack. In 2009 Guadeloupe apologized to Cuba for allowing the CIA to train Cuban exiles on its soil.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(TMC, 1994, p.1961)(SFEC, 2/22/98, p.A19)(HNQ, 4/11/00)(SFC, 4/29/00, p.A7)
    (AP, 2/18/09)

1961        Richard Masato Aoki (1938-2009), a Japanese-American, began working as an FBI informant (1961-1977) in the SF Bay Area. He became an early member of the Black Panthers (1967) gave the Panthers some of their first guns.
    (SFC, 8/20/12, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/9g5u4zn)(SFC, 9/8/12, p.C2)

1961-1973    The CIA backed a secret army in Laos to help fight the communist Pathet Lao and North Vietnamese. An estimated 50,000 Hmong civilians died over this period. CIA director William Colby acknowledged the US and Hmong alliance in 1994.
    (SFC, 6/14/04, p.A1)

1962        May, A memo from the CIA briefing for Attorney Gen’l. Robert Kennedy revealed that $150,000 was offered to the US mob for the assassination of Fidel Castro. The mob insisted on doing the job at no charge.
    (SFC, 7/2/97, p.A5)

1963        Feb 11, A CIA Domestic Operations Division was created.
    (MC, 2/11/02)

1963        George Joannides, a CIA agent, was in charge of the Revolutionary Students Directorate (DRE), one of the most powerful Cuban anti-Castro organizations in Miami. A few months before the assassination of JFK the DRE had significant contacts with Lee Harvey Oswald and Oswald tried to infiltrate the New Orleans branch of the DRE.
    (SSFC, 5/13/07, p.M5)

1963        Winston Scott served as American CIA station chief in Mexico during the time that Lee Harvey Oswald visited the Cuban Embassy there. In 2008 Jefferson Morley authored “Our Man in Mexico: Winston Scott and the Hidden History of the CIA.” Morley proposed that Scott later covered up CIA operations that involved Oswald.
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/JFKscottW.htm)(WSJ, 3/20/08, p.D7)

1963-1973    The 1975 US Church committee report on CIA activity in Chile included a chronology that covered this period.
    (http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/history/johnson/churchreport.htm)

1964            Jan 16, Pres. Johnson approved OPLAN 34A-64, calling for stepped up infiltration and covert operations against North Vietnam to be transferred from the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to the military."
    (http://millercenter.org/academic/americanpresident/lbjohnson)

1964        Feb, Yuri Nosenko (1927-2008), Soviet KGB officer, defected under CIA guidance in Geneva. He had begun passing information in June, 1962. He was incarcerated for his first 3 years in the US and settled there under a new name in 1969.
    (Econ, 9/6/08, p.101)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuri_Nosenko)

1964        Nov 18, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover described civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. as "the most notorious liar in the country" for accusing FBI agents in Georgia of failing to act on complaints filed by blacks.
    (AP, 11/18/04)

1964        Nov, The US HONETOL committee was formed to look into the question of a mole in the CIA, based on information from Soviet defector Anatoly Golitsin. It was in existence to April 1965, and consisted of James Jesus Angleton, Newton S. Miler and Bruce Solie from the CIA's Office of Security, FBI domestic intelligence chief William C. Sullivan, FBI CIA liaison Sam Papich and two others. The investigations damaged many careers including that of case officer Richard Kovich (1926-2006). In 1992 David Wise authored “Molehunt: The Secret Search for Traitors that Shattered the CIA.”
    (http://tinyurl.com/lqo6j)(SFC, 2/27/06, p.B5)

1964        Fred J. Cook (1911-2003) authored "The FBI Nobody Knows."
    (SFC, 5/5/03, p.B4)

1964-1987    FBI agents in Boston used hit men and mob leaders as informants and shielded them from prosecution in exchange for information on the Mafia. This allowed the Winter Hill Gang to rise in power as the prosecutors brought down the Patriarcha crime family.
    (SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A5)

1965        Mar 12, The SF FBI sent bureau headquarters a secret 33-page report on Mario Savio, leader of the Berkeley Free Speech Movement.
    (SFCM, 10/10/04, p.18)
1965        Mar 12, Edward "Teddy" Deegan was found dead in an alley in Chelsea, Mass. A week later an FBI memo named 6 men, including Vincent J. Flemmi and Joseph "The Animal" Barboza, as the killers. Barboza became a star witness and provided false testimony to convict 4 innocent men. The New England Mafia shotgunned Barboza in SF in 1976. Over the next 3 decades FBI informants in Boston murdered over 20 people.
    (SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A5)(SFC, 11/21/03, p.A3)

1967        Feb 14, Ramparts Magazine published an ad in the NY Times and Washington Post saying “In its March issue, Ramparts magazine will document how the CIA has infiltrated and subverted the world of American student leaders over the past fifteen years.”
    (WSJ, 1/23/08, p.D8)(www.nytimes.com/books/first/m/mackenzie-secrets.html)

1967        Sidney Gottlieb (d.1999 at 80) rose to the top of the technical services division of the CIA. For 22 years he experimented with LSD and participated in the MKULTRA program of secret experiments with mind-altering drugs.
    (SFC, 4/6/99, p.)

1967        Luis Posada Carriles, Cuban-born CIA agent since 1965, moved to Venezuela and rose to become head of a government counterintelligence security agency.
    (SFC, 5/18/05, p.A9)

1967        Feb 14, Ramparts Magazine published an ad in the NY Times and Washington Post saying: “In its March issue, Ramparts magazine will document how the CIA has infiltrated and subverted the world of American student leaders over the past fifteen years.”
    (WSJ, 1/23/08, p.D8)(www.nytimes.com/books/first/m/mackenzie-secrets.html)

1968        May 10, FBI director Hoover sent all field offices an urgent memo escalating the FBI’s attack on dissent. It authorized an operation called “Counterintelligence Program – New Left.”
    (SFCM, 10/10/04, p.23)

1968        Mar 8, The Russian K-129, a Golf-II class, diesel-electric submarine armed with nuclear missiles and 98 seamen aboard, sank in 16,000 feet of water northwest of the Hawaiian island of Oahu. Russian officials suspected that the K-129 was struck by an American submarine, the USS Swordfish. The US Navy said the vessel suffered a catastrophic internal explosion. A US sub, the Halibut, found the Soviet vessel 6 months later and recovered 3 missiles with nuclear warheads, Soviet code books and an encryption machine. In August 1974 the CIA recovered part of the sub. A 100 foot section was pulled in by the Glomar Explorer with 2 nuclear tipped torpedoes and the bodies of 6 Russian sailors.
    (SFC, 7/15/96, p.A6)(SFC, 7/5/96, p.A19,21)(AP, 9/11/07)(AP, 2/13/10)

1968        Jul 31, In Boston 4 men were convicted for shooting Edward "Teddy" Deegan in a Chelsea, Mass., alley in 1965. In 2007 a federal judge in Boston ordered the government to pay a record nearly $102 million for the FBI's role in the wrongful murder convictions of the 4 men. Two of the men convicted, Louis Greco and Henry Tameleo, died behind bars. The others, Peter Limone (73) and Joseph Salvati (74) spent three decades in prison.
    (www.justicedenied.org/issue/issue_27/fbi%27s_legacy_of_shame.html)

1968        The A-12 Blackbird spy plane was retired. Lockheed Martin had built 15 such planes, a forerunner to the SR-71 Blackbird.  It had originated as part of the CIA’s “Oxcart” program.
    (WSJ, 1/26/06, p.A1)

1969        Jan 29, Allan Welsh Dulles (b.1893), US diplomat, director (CIA 1953-61), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allen_Dulles)

1969        Jul 16, Vu Ngoc Nha (d.2002), top aide to presidents Ngo Dinh Diem and Nguyen Van Thieu, was arrested in Saigon. The CIA uncovered him as the head of a Communist espionage ring. He and 2 others were convicted of treason  and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 8/13/02, p.A20)

1969        Jul 17, An FBI memo titled "New Left and Extremist Movements" revealed Gov. Reagan’s plans for the destruction of disruptive elements on California college campuses through "psychological warfare" and other methods.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F8)

1970        Sep 22, President Richard M. Nixon signed a bill giving the District of Columbia representation in the U.S. Congress. Pres Nixon requested 1,000 new FBI agents for college campuses.
    (HN, 9/22/98)(http://tinyurl.com/5qrct8)

1971        Mar 8, Catholic radicals in Media, Pa., broke into the local FBI offices and stole documents that revealed the agency’s illegal activities against radical groups and leaked them to the media. In 2014 Betty Medsger authored “The Burglary: The Discovery of J. Edgar Hoover’s Secret FBI.”
    (SFEC, 2/16/97, BR p.8)(SSFC, 1/12/14, p.F1)

1971        Aug 20, FBI began a covert investigation of CBS journalist Daniel Schorr.
    (www.theatlantic.com/politics/polibig/wisepres.htm)

1971        US CIA funding for Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty was disclosed. In 2000 Arch Puddington, deputy director of RFE/RL’s new York bureau from 1985 to 1993, authored "Broadcasting Freedom." The Munich headquarters were closed in 1994 and the organization moved to an afterlife in Prague.
    (WSJ, 6/5/00, p.A30)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_Free_Europe)

1972        May 2, J. Edgar Hoover, head of the FBI (1924-72), died in Washington at age 77. Hoover had come to the forefront of federal law enforcement during the "Red Scare" of 1919 to 1920. The Watergate affair subsequently revealed that the FBI had illegally protected President Richard Nixon from investigation. Ronald Kessler later published "The FBI: Inside the World's Most Powerful Law Enforcement Agency."
    (AP, 5/2/97)(SFEC, 6/6/99, p.A19)(MC, 5/2/02)

1972        Jun 17, Chile president Allende formed a new government and the CIA prepared to oust him.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1972        Jun 19, Two days after the botched Watergate break-in, FBI official W. Mark Felt secretly assured Bob Woodward that The Washington Post could safely make a connection between the burglars and a former CIA agent linked to the White House, E. Howard Hunt. Woodward’s secret source for information became known as Deep Throat, and Felt’s name was not made public until 2005. In 2006 Mark Felt and John O’Connor authored “A G-Man’s Life: The FBI, Being “Deep Throat,” and the Struggle for Honor in Washington.”
    (http://tinyurl.com/cva26)(SSFC, 5/21/06, p.M3)

1972        Jul 17, The first women since the 1920s were officially hired as special FBI agents.   
    (www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/dillinger/peopleevents/p_women.html)

1973        Mar 4, Khalid Duhham Al-Jawary (b.1947), and possibly others readied cars with bombs in anticipation of Israeli PM Golda Meir's visit to NYC. The bombs failed to detonate and were discovered after two cars on Fifth Avenue were towed. The FBI learned about a third car at JFK and notified police. In 1979 Border police stopped Al-Jawary's car as he and another man tried to cross into Germany from Austria. In the trunk of the car, police found 88 pounds of high explosives, electronic timing-delay devices and detonators hidden in a suitcase. They also unearthed cash and nine passports inside a portable radio that could be used to monitor transmissions from ships, airplanes or the police. Germany released Al-Jawary long before the FBI knew that he had been taken into custody. In 1991 he was detained in Rome and picked up by the FBI. In 1993 a jury convict Al-Jawary, just days after the first attack on the World Trade Center, based on evidence that included his fingerprints on one of the NYC bombs. In 2009 Al-Jawary was deported to Sudan after completing only about half his term, including time served prior to his sentencing and credit for good behavior.
    (AP, 1/25/09)(SFC, 2/27/09, p.A5)(WSJ, 3/5/09, p.A6)

1973        Mar 11, An FBI agent was shot at Wounded Knee in South Dakota.
    (HN, 3/11/98)

1973        Apr 2, ITT pleaded guilty to asking CIA to "influence" Chilean presidential elections.
    (MC, 4/2/02)

1973        Apr 27, Acting FBI Director L. Patrick Gray resigned after it was revealed that he had handed over bureau files on the Watergate burglary to the Nixon White House.
    (AP, 4/27/08)

1973        May, CIA director James R. Schlesinger (b.1929), in response to the unfolding Watergate scandal, ordered employees to report activities which might be construed to be outside the legislative charter of the agency.
    (AH, 10/07, p.16)

1973        Jun 7, Pres. Nixon nominated Clarence M. Kelley (1911-1997), chief of police in Kansas City, to succeed J. Edgar Hoover as director of the FBI. Kelley retired in 1978 when Pres. Carter selected William Webster to serve as the director.
    (SFC, 8/6/97, p.A14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clarence_M._Kelley)

1973        Jul 2, CIA director James R. Schlesinger (b.1929), nominated on May 10 by Pres. Nixon, became the 12th US Sec. of Defense.
    (www.defenselink.mil/specials/secdef_histories/bios/schlesinger.htm)

1973        Jul 13, In Chile a strike began that lasted until the September 11 coup. More than a million workers were on strike demanding that Allende go. American CIA funding was involved.
    (WSJ, 10/30/98, p.A19)(http://foia.state.gov/reports/churchreport.asp)

1973        Sep 4, William E Colby (1920-1996), became the 10th director of the CIA.
    (http://ngothelinh.tripod.com/wcolby.htm)

1973        Oct 24, John Lennon sued the US government to admit FBI was tapping his phone.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4xox8x)

1974        Columnist Jack Anderson blew the cover of CIA agent James Lilley, attached to the US representative office in Beijing. In 2004 James and Jeffrey Lilley authored “China Hands: Nine Decades of Adventure, Espionage and Diplomacy in Asia.”
    (WSJ, 5/6/04, p.D10)

1974        Aug, The CIA in Project Azorian recovered part of a Soviet submarine that had sunk in the Pacific on March 8, 1968. A 100 foot section of K-129 was pulled in by the Hughes Glomar Explorer with 2 nuclear tipped torpedoes and the bodies of 6 Russian sailors.  The US Navy’s fully submersible dry dock, called the Hughes Mining Barge, was used under the Glomar Explorer to position a claw to recover the submarine. Claude  Barnes Capehart worked on the Howard Hughes’ deep-sea research vessel, Glomar Explorer, that under CIA sponsorship raised part of the Soviet submarine. Later in Chowchilla, Ca., he told his girlfriend that he was in Texas when Kennedy was assassinated, and that "Oswald wasn’t the only one involved." Just before a scheduled interview in 1989, Capehart dropped dead of a heart attack. In 1996 the Glomar Explorer began under going remodeling for work as a deep-sea drilling ship. The barge was later used to house the Navy’s $195 million Sea Shadow, an experimental stealth ship made public in 1993. In 2006 the barge and Sea Shadow were put to rest in Suisun Bay, near San Francisco.
    (SFC, 7/15/96, p.A6)(WSJ, 2/24/09, p.A6)(AP, 2/13/10)

1975        Jan 4, Pres. Ford’s signed Executive Order No. 11828 on CIA Activities within the US. He directed the Commission, chaired by VP Nelson A. Rockefeller, to determine whether or not any domestic CIA activities exceeded the Agency's statutory authority and to make appropriate recommendations.
    (www.archives.gov/federal-register/executive-orders/1975.html)(http://tinyurl.com/5ukhxo)

1975        Jan 27, The US Senate voted to establish a special 11-member investigating body to examine FBI and CIA activities. Under the chairmanship of Idaho Senator Frank Church, with Texas Senator John Tower as vice-chairman, the select committee was given nine months and 150 staffers to complete its work. On November 20 the committee released a report, charging both US government agencies with illegal activities.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2tb7rc)(http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Church_Committee)

1975        Jun 2, Vice President Nelson Rockefeller said his commission had found no widespread pattern of illegal activities at the Central Intelligence Agency.
    (AP, 6/2/97)

1975        Jun 10, The Rockefeller panel reported on illegal CIA files on Americans.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1975)

1975        Sep 22, President Gerald R. Ford dodged a second assassination in less than three weeks. Sara Jane Moore, an FBI informer and self-proclaimed revolutionary, attempted to shoot President Ford outside a San Francisco hotel, but missed. Oliver Sipple (1941-1989), a disabled former Marine, knocked Moore’s arm aside. A bullet she fired slightly wounded a man in the crowd. Moore was sentenced to life in prison, but was paroled at the end of 2007 after serving over 30 years without getting into trouble.
    (AP, 9/22/97)(SFC, 1/1/08, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/2/14, DB p.42)

1975        Oct 5, Democratic Senator Frank Church of Idaho charged that the CIA tried to kill Cuban President Fidel Castro during the administrations of three US presidents. The 1975 Church Committee hearings revealed the FBI’s worst secrets of surveillance and intimidation.
    (MC, 10/5/01)(WSJ, 10/27/04, p.D12)

1975        Dec 23, Richard S. Welch, the Central Intelligence Agency station chief in Athens, was shot and killed outside his home. The left-wing November 17 urban guerrilla group was responsible. In 2002 Pavlos Serifis was arrested in connection with the murder.
    (AP, 12/23/00)(SFC, 7/5/02, p.A9)

1976        Jan 30, George Bush became the 11th director of the CIA replacing William E. Colby. Bush revived the reputation of the organization and left it Jan 20, 1977.
    (SFEC, 1/16/00, Par p.2)(http://tinyurl.com/2mm8r9)

1976        May 19, The US Senate established congressional oversight over the CIA with the permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI).
    (SFC, 9/17/97, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/3cc2yh)

1976        Aug 8, John Roselli, hired by CIA to kill Castro, was found murdered.
    (MC, 8/8/02)

1977        Mar 9, Admiral Stansfield Turner took office as head of the CIA under Pres. Carter.
    (www.espionageinfo.com/Cou-De/DCI-Director-of-the-Central-Intelligence-Agency.html)

1977        Jul 14, US House established a permanent Select Committee on Intelligence.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1977        Christopher Boyce was convicted of espionage. He had gained access to CIA communications during his job at TRW and sold classified documents to the Russian Embassy in Mexico City. His story was told in the 1985 film "The Falcon and the Snowman." Boyce was paroled in 2003.
    (SFC, 3/15/03, p.A2)

1978        Jan 7, Michael Josselson (b.1908), Estonia-born director of the Congress for Cultural Freedom, died. The organization was a CIA front to gain the support of the non-Communist left for the US. In 2000 Frances Stonor Saunders authored "The Cultural Cold War: The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters."
    (SFEC, 7/16/00, BR p.4)

1978        Aug 18, Bechtel Corp. hired Richard Helms, former director of the CIA, as a consultant. Former government officials George Shultz and Caspar Weinberger were also recently hired.
    (SFC, 8/15/03, p.E9)

1980        Feb 2, Reports surfaced that the FBI had conducted a sting operation targeting members of Congress using phony Arab businessmen in what became known as "Abscam," a codename protested by Arab-Americans.
    (AP, 2/2/00)

1980        Oct 24, David H. Barnett, former CIA agent, was indicted. He pleaded guilty to spying for the Soviet Union from 1976-1979 while based in Indonesia. He admitted to exposing the identities of 30 US agents.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A17)(www.agentsnotes.com/spycases.html)

1981        Jan 28, William J. Casey (1913-1987) became the 13th director of CIA replacing Adm. Stansfield Turner.
    (www.espionageinfo.com/Cou-De/DCI-Director-of-the-Central-Intelligence-Agency.html)

1981        May 1, Harrison Williams (Sen-D-NJ) was convicted on FBI Abscam charges.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abscam)(AP, 5/1/01)

1981        Dec 4, President Reagan broadened the power of the CIA by allowing spying in the U.S. This was Executive Order on Intelligence  No 12,333. The order also barred assassinations.
    (HN, 12/4/98)(Econ, 2/20/10, p.57)(www.tscm.com/EO12333.html)

1981        Barry Seal (1939-1986), gunrunner, drug trafficker, and covert CIA operative, began his operations at the Intermountain Regional Airport in Mena, Arkansas. Seal was murdered by Colombian assassins in Feb, 1986, after he had testified in federal court in Las Vegas, Fort Lauderdale, and Miami for the US government against leaders of the Medellin drug cartel. According to a 1986 letter from the Louisiana attorney general to then US attorney general Edwin Meese, Seal had "smuggled between $3 billion and $5 billion of drugs into the US." Among the aircraft flown in and out of Mena was Seal's C-123K cargo plane, christened Fat Lady. Records show that Fat Lady, serial number 54-0679, was sold by Seal months before his death. On Oct 5, 1986, Fat Lady was shot down over Nicaragua with a load of arms destined for the Contras.
    (www.ratical.org/ratville/JFK/crimesOfMena.html)

1981        Roger Wheeler, chairman of Telex Corp. and owner of World Jai Alai, was shot execution style at a Tulsa country club. In 2001 2 reputed Boston mobsters, James Bulger and Stephen Flemmi, were charged. Jai Alai executive John B. Callahan was murdered in Aug 1982 in Miami. In 2001 hitman John Vincent Martorano (60) pleaded guilty to wheeler’s murder and was sentenced to 15 years in prison. In 2003 former FBI agent H. Paul Rico (78) was arrested and charged with murder for helping to setup the hit.
    (SFC, 3/15/01, p.A8)(SFC, 5/4/01, p.D5)(SFC, 10/10/03, p.A3)

1982        Jun, "Farewell," a C.I.A. campaign of computer sabotage, stayed secret because the blast, estimated at three kilotons, took place in the Siberian wilderness, with no casualties known. "The pipeline software that was to run the pumps, turbines and valves was programmed to go haywire," writes Reed, "to reset pump speeds and valve settings to produce pressures far beyond those acceptable to the pipeline joints and welds. The result was the most monumental non-nuclear explosion and fire ever seen from space." "At the Abyss," by Thomas C. Reed, was published by Random House in 2004.
    (http://www.nytimes.com/2004/02/02/opinion/02SAFI.html)

1982        Jul 31, Jai Alai executive John B. Callahan (45) was fatally shot in Miami by mob hit man John Martorano. Callahan’s body was found Aug 2 in the trunk of his Cadillac. In 2008 former FBI agent John Connolly was convicted of 2nd degree murder for leaking information to mobsters that led to the shooting death of Callahan. In Jan, 2009, Connolly was sentenced to 40 years in prison.
    (SFC, 11/6/08, p.A9)(http://mafiatoday.com/?p=442)(SFC, 1/16/09, p.A2)

1983        Jul 19, In Honduras Reyes Mata, a Cuban-trained doctor and guerrilla leader, led a unit of 96 Nicaraguan-trained rebels and Rev. James F. Carney into the Olancho. They were routed by the Honduran army. American CIA records, disclosed in 1998, reported that Mata was tortured and executed by the Honduran army.
    (SFC, 11/5/98, p.C4)(www.fas.org/sgp/congress/hr051198/valladares.html)

1983        Edwin Wilson was convicted of running arms to Libya. In 2003 the conviction was thrown out because prosecutors knew he worked for the CIA and misled the court.
    (WSJ, 10/29/03, p.A1)

1984        Apr 13, Christopher Wilder, FBI's "most wanted man," accidentally killed himself.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1984        May, Marta Healy, a Nicaraguan exile, contacted George Morales, a champion power boat racer and big-league drug trafficker under indictment in the US, to arrange a meeting with contra rebels at her Miami home. Her aim was to broker a deal to help the rebels financially. The rebels got an ok from the CIA to accept airplanes and cash from the drug dealer while still receiving CIA money under the table.
    (SFC, 10/31/96, p.A7)(www.usdoj.gov/oig/special/9712/ch11p1.htm)

1984        Oct 2, Richard W. Miller became the first FBI agent to be arrested and charged with espionage. Miller was tried three times; he was sentenced to 20 years in prison, but was released after nine years.
    (AP, 10/2/04)

1984        Oct 15, The Central Intelligence Agency's Freedom of Information Act was signed into law by Pres. Reagan.
    (www.asne.org/index.cfm?ID=453)

1984        Nov, The CIA told the US Congress in 1987 that it had concluded in Nov., 1984, that it could not resume aid to the Costa Rican-based Contras because "everybody around Pastora was involved in cocaine."
    (SFC, 10/31/96, p.A7)

1985        Mar 6, Mexican authorities found the body of US drug agent Enrique C. Salazar.
    (MC, 3/6/02)

1985        May 20, FBI arrested John A. Walker. US Navy Chief Petty Officer Walker began spying for the Soviet Union in 1968 for $1,000 per week. Walker’s ex-wife turned him into the FBI.
    (www.dss.mil/training/espionage/1985.htm)

1985        Jun 3, Jerry A. Whitworth was arrested by the FBI, accused of being part of a spy ring headed by John A. Walker Jr. Whitworth was later sentenced to 365 years in prison.
    (AP, 6/3/05)

1985        Mar 8, In Lebanon a massive car bomb killed 80 people. It targeted Grand Ayatollah Sayyed Muhammad Hussein Fadlallah, but he escaped injury. Reporter Bob Woodward later wrote that CIA director William Casey, while lying on his deathbed, admitted personal culpability in the attack, which he suggests was carried out with funding from Saudi Arabia.
    (Econ, 7/10/10, p.48)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1985_Beirut_car_bombing)

1985        Aug 9, A federal judge in Norfolk, Va., found retired Navy officer Arthur J. Walker, brother of John A. Walker Jr., guilty of 7 counts of spying for the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 8/9/97)

1985        Sep 6, Tscherim Soobzokov (b.1924), a former Waffen SS soldier, was killed by a bomb at his home in Patterson, NJ. In 2006, declassified documents of the Central Intelligence Agency confirmed that Soobzokov had been a CIA agent in Jordan and that the agency had misled the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service on Soobzokov's Nazi past.
    (SSFC, 11/14/10, p.A18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tscherim_Soobzokov)

1985        Oct 28, The leader of the so-called "Walker family spy ring," John A. Walker Jr., pleaded guilty to giving U-S Navy secrets to the Soviet Union.
    (MC, 10/28/01)

1985        Sep, Edward Lee Howard, CIA officer, vanished from Santa Fe, NM. He fled the US to Russia while under FBI investigation for spying for the Soviet Union. He was accused of disclosing CIA agents in Moscow. Howard died in 2002 of a broken neck from an accident at his residence outside Moscow. In 1995 Howard’s memoir "Safe House" was ghost written by Richard Cote.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A17)(SFC, 7/22/02, p.A6)

1985        Oct 7, The United States announced it would no longer automatically comply with World Court decisions. This was in response to a June 25, 1985, World Court ruling that U.S. involvement in Nicaragua violated international law. The ruling stemmed from a suit brought in April 1984 after revelations that the CIA had directed the mining of Nicaraguan ports. The U.S. later vetoed two U.N. resolutions calling for compliance to the World Court ruling.
    (HNQ, 6/9/99)

1985        Nov 23, Retired CIA analyst Larry Wu-tai Chin was arrested and accused of spying for China. He committed suicide a year after his conviction.
    (AP, 11/23/97)

1985        Four off-duty US Marines and 9 others were killed at sidewalk restaurants in the Zona Rosa section of San Salvador. Pedro Antonio Andrade Martinez (aka Mario Gonzalez), a Marxist guerrilla, was one of the reputed masterminds of the massacre. Andrade later became an informant for the CIA and sought US asylum. Andrade was deported from the US in 1997.
    (SFC, 11/22/96, p.A21)(SFC,11/6/97, p.C3)

1985        American CIA clerk in Ghana Sharon Scranage pleaded guilty to disclosing the names of US agents to her Ghanaian boyfriend. She was prosecuted under a 1982 federal law called the Intelligence Identities Protection Act.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A17)(LAT, 7/15/05)

1985        The American CIA rewrote its 1983 training manual for security forces after public uproar over another manual that taught Nicaraguan contra rebels about neutralizing enemies and holding demonstrations that could provoke violence.
    (SFC, 1/28/97, p.A3)

1985-1986    Celerino Castillo III, a US agent for the DEA, reported Contra drug flights from Nicaragua to the US to US Embassy officials. His testimony in 1996 followed reports that the CIA was involved in smuggling drugs to southern California with the proceeds going to support Contra forces at war with the Sandinista government.   
    (SFC, 9/24/96, p.A7)

1985-1994    Aldrich H. Ames, a CIA counterintelligence official, passed over this time information to the Soviet Union that included the names of US agents. The deaths of at least 9 agents were blamed on his disclosures. In 1994 Ames and his wife, Rosario, pleaded guilty to spying for the Soviet Union.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A17)

1986        Feb 19, Barry Seal (b.1939), gunrunner, drug trafficker, and covert CIA operative extraordinaire, was murdered in a hail of bullets by Medellin cartel hit men outside a Salvation Army shelter in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He had testified in federal court in Las Vegas, Fort Lauderdale, and Miami for the US government against leaders of the Medellin drug cartel.
    (www.ratical.org/ratville/JFK/crimesOfMena.html)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barry_Seal)

1986        Jul 11, President Ronald Reagan placed the Contras, who were fighting the government of Nicaragua, under CIA jurisdiction.
    (HN, 7/11/98)

1986        Jul 14, Richard W. Miller became the 1st FBI agent convicted of espionage.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1986        Peter Mass authored “Manhunt,” the story of Edwin Wilson (1928-2012). Wilson had worked for the CIA but was arrested in 1982 for selling 20 tons of explosives to Libya. He was sentenced to 52 years in prison for smuggling arms and plotting to murder his wife.
    (SSFC, 9/23/12, p.C10)
1986        Osama bin Laden began building a tunnel complex under mountains in Afghanistan near Pakistan as part of a CIA-funded project.
    (SSFC, 5/9/04, p.M6)

1987        Apr 15, A jury in Northampton, Mass., found Amy Carter, Abbie Hoffman and 13 other protesters innocent of charges stemming from a demonstration against CIA recruiters at the University of Massachusetts.
    (AP, 4/15/97)

1989        May 5, A federal judge ordered sweeping changes in the FBI's promotion system, months after the judge found that the bureau had systematically discriminated against its Hispanic employees in advancements and assignments.
    (AP, 5/5/99)

1987        May 6, William J. Casey, CIA Director (1981-1987), died at age 74.
    (AP, 5/6/97)

1987        Jul 10, Lt. Col. Oliver North told the Iran-Contra committees that the late CIA director William J. Casey had embraced a fund created by arms sales to Iran because it could be used for secret operations other than supplying the Contras.
    (AP, 7/10/97)

1990        May 24, Darryl Cherney and Judi Bari (11/7/49-3/2/97), environmental activists in the Earth First! movement, were injured after a pipe bomb exploded in their car as they drove through Oakland, Ca. They were arrested while in the hospital on charges of transporting a bomb but the charges were never filed. They later filed a suit against the FBI and Oakland police for false arrest, illegal search and seizure and conspiracy to violate free-speech rights. Bari died of liver cancer in 1997. In 2002 a jury awarded $2.9 million to Bari’s estate and $1.5 million to Cherney saying the FBI had framed them as eco-terrorists. In 2004 the government settled civil suits for $2 million.
    (SFC, 3/1/97, p.C2)(SFC,10/21/97, p.A20)(SFC, 6/12/02, p.A1)(SFC, 4/23/04, p.B1)

1990        Nov 3, The Kryptos sculpture, created by sculptor Jim Sanborn, was dedicated in the courtyard of the CIA headquarters in Virginia.
    (SSFC, 11/21/10, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kryptos)

1991        May 8, CIA Director William H. Webster announced his retirement; he was eventually succeeded by Robert Gates.
    (AP, 5/8/01)

1991        The president of Rochester Inst. of Technology (RIT) resigned following a scandal over CIA influence on research and curriculum, and his own work for the agency.
    (WSJ, 10/4/02, p.A1)

1993        Jan 23, FBI Director William S. Sessions dismissed a Justice Department report accusing him of ethical abuses, accusing former Attorney General William P. Barr of a "crassly calculated attack."
    (AP, 1/23/98)

1993        Jul 18, FBI Director William Sessions continued to resist White House suggestions he step down, saying he would resign only if President Clinton asked him to. Sessions was fired by Clinton the next day.
    (AP, 7/18/03)

1993        Aug 6, Louis Freeh won US Senate confirmation to be director of the FBI.
    (AP, 8/6/98)

1993        Aug 8, Freddie Woodruff (b.1947), CIA agent chief in Tbilisi, Georgia, was shot and killed during an outing with friends. Georgian authorities charged Anzor Sharmaidze (20), a volunteer soldier, with the murder. Sharmaidze confessed under torture and later said he was framed for the murder. In 2008 Sharmaidze was granted parole from prison.
    (WSJ, 10/18/08, p.A1)(http://public.cq.com/docs/hs/hsnews110-000002604568.html)(WSJ, 10/27/08, p.a12)

1993        Sep 1, Louis Freeh was sworn in as director of the FBI.
    (AP, 9/1/99)

1994        Jun 4, Gregory Scarpa, nicknamed The Grim Reaper, died in a Minnesota prison. He was a soldier for the Colombo crime family and an informant for the FBI.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregory_Scarpa_Sr.)

1994        Sep 11, Anthony Marceca visited Craig Livingstone at the White House and secretly perused his own personal FBI file. He obtained the names of 2 women, Lanny Stephenson and Joyce L. Montag, who had provided the FBI background information and sued them for slander.
    (WSJ, 6/28/96, p.A9)(www.judicialwatch.org/archive/ois/cases/filegate/SubCertBrief.htm)

1994        Dec 23, John Connolly, FBI agent, came to the Winter Hill gang’s headquarters in a Boston liquor store and warned Kevin Weeks of pending FBI arrests for mobsters James Bulger, Stephen Flemmi and Francis Salemme. Connolly was convicted for corruption in 2002 and sentenced to 121 months.
    (SFC, 5/29/02, p.A3)(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A5)

1994        David Corn authored “Blond Ghost,” a biography of former CIA chief Theodore Shackley.
    (SSFC, 9/23/12, p.C10)

1995        Jan 5, A warrant was issued for the arrest of James “Whitey” Bulger (b.1929), top mobster of Boston’s Winter Hill Gang. He had disappeared with his girlfriend just days before the warrant was issued. Bulger was linked to 21 murders and in 2000 became a fixture on the FBI’s “Ten Most Wanted” list. In 2007 Kevin Weeks authored “Brutal: The Untold Story Of My Life Inside Whitey Bulger's Irish Mob.”
    (http://tinyurl.com/2c8u37f)(SSFC, 1/30/05, p.A13)(http://tinyurl.com/29unfq4)

1995        Mar 11, President Clinton nominated Deputy Defense Secretary John Deutch to be CIA director.
    (AP, 3/11/00)

1995        Apr 20, In the aftermath of the Oklahoma City bombing, the FBI announced it was looking for two men suspected of renting the truck used to carry the explosive; rescue teams suspended the search for survivors so that the remaining structure of the Alfred P. Murrah Building could be shored up.
    (AP, 4/20/00)

1995        Jul 14, Under pressure from Congress, FBI Director Louis Freeh removed his friend Larry Potts as the bureau’s deputy director because of controversy over Potts’ role in a deadly 1992 FBI siege in Idaho.
    (AP, 7/14/00)

1995        Aug 22, FBI agent Lon Horiuchi shot at Randy Weaver's cabin in Idaho.
    (MC, 8/22/02)

1995        Sep 13, The FBI made at least a dozen arrests, capping a nationwide two-year investigation of pedophiles and pornographers using the America Online computer network.
    (AP, 9/13/00)

1996        Feb 23, FBI agents arrested Robert Lipka, a former army clerk at the National Security Agency, for espionage in the late 1960s.
    (WSJ, 11/21/96, p.A1)

1996        Apr 3, FBI agents arrested a suspect thought to be the Unabomber. Theodore John Kaczynski was arrested near Lincoln, Montana on a tip from his brother. His mail bombs had killed 3 and injured 23 over the last 17 years. An original draft of his manifesto "Industrial Society and Its Future" was found some days later.
    (WSJ, 4/4/96, A-1)(SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-1)(AP, 4/3/97)

1996        Apr 27, William Egan Colby (76), CIA Director, died. In 2003 John Prados authored "Lost Crusador," a biography of Colby.
    (MC, 4/27/02)(WSJ, 6/5/03, p.D8)

1996        May 5, The FBI released preliminary figures showing that serious crimes reported to police fell for the fourth straight year in 1995.
    (AP, 5/5/97)

1996        May 6, The body of former CIA director William E. Colby was found on a riverbank near his southern Maryland vacation home, eight days after he'd disappeared.
    (AP, 5/6/97)

1996        May 24, The Pleasant Hill Baptist Church in Lumberton, N.C., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)

1996        Robert Gates (b.1943), former director of the CIA (1991-1993), authored his autobiography “From the Shadows.”
    (Econ, 8/8/09, p.29)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Gates)

1996        The CIA obtained an al-Qaida training manual that suggested a 10-position leadership structure for members held in prison. In 2006 a report was made public that said prisoners at Guantanamo followed this structure.
    (SFC, 7/20/06, p.A12)

1997        Mar 10, The White House and the FBI clashed in a rare public quarrel after President Clinton said he should have been alerted when the bureau told national security officials that the Chinese government might be trying to influence U.S. elections.
    (AP, 3/10/98)

1997        Apr 9, The CIA announced that its own errors may have led to demolition of an Iraqi ammunition bunker filled with chemical weapons at Kamisiyah in 1991. The CIA apologized to Gulf War veterans for failing to do a better job in supplying information to U.S. troops who blew up an Iraqi bunker later found to contain chemical weapons.
    (SFC, 4/10/97, p.A1)(AP, 4/9/98)

1997        Jun 5, Harold J. Nicholson, the highest-ranking CIA officer ever caught spying against his own country, was sentenced to 23 1/2 years in prison for selling defense secrets to Russia after the Cold War. Officials later claimed that he and his son continued to make contact with Russian operatives. In 2009 Nicholson and his son were arraigned on charges of money laundering and acting as agents of a foreign government.
    (AP, 6/5/98)(WSJ, 1/30/08, p.A3)

1997        Jul 16, Hundreds of FBI agents, some handing out photos in gay bars and hotels, blanketed south Florida in the continuing hunt for alleged prostitute-turned-serial killer Andrew Phillip Cunanan, who was suspected of killing designer Gianni Versace. 
    (AP, 7/16/98)

1997        Aug 15, The Justice Department decided not to prosecute senior FBI officials in connection with an alleged cover-up that followed the deadly 1992 Ruby Ridge siege in Idaho.
    (AP, 8/15/98)

1997        Aug 27, A secret CIA report acknowledged that the CIA knew of human rights abuses by the Honduran military in the 1980s. It was declassified in 1998.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A3)

1997        The FBI began Operation Black Widow to infiltrate the Nuestra Familia gang. This led to indictments of 22 members in 2001.
    (SFC, 11/29/03, p.A15)

1998        Jan 23, A judge in Fairfax, Va., sentenced Mir Aimal Kasi to death for an assault rifle attack outside CIA headquarters in 1993 that killed two men and wounded three other people. Kasi was executed November 2002.
    (AP, 1/23/03)

1998        Feb 27, FBI arrested suspected serial killer Tony Ray Amati, their 10th most wanted.
    (MC, 2/27/02)

1998        Mar 20, George Tenet, director of the CIA, disclosed that $26.7 billion was the 1998 budget secret intelligence activities, one-tenth the overall US military budget.
    (SFC, 3/21/98, p.A4)

1998        Apr 3, Douglas Fred Groat, a disgruntled spy fired by the CIA, was charged with espionage and extortion. Groat later pleaded guilty to extortion, and was sentenced to five years in prison.
    (AP, 4/3/03)

1999        May 16, The Justice Department said preliminary figures from the FBI indicated a decline in serious crime in 1998 for the seventh consecutive year.
    (AP, 5/16/00)

1999        Aug 20, In a highly unusual move, the CIA pulled the security clearances for former Director John Deutch for keeping secret files on an unsecured home computer.
    (AP, 8/20/00)

1999        Aug 25, The FBI, reversing itself after six years, admitted that its agents might have fired some potentially flammable tear gas canisters on the final day of the 1993 standoff with the Branch Davidians near Waco, Texas, but said it continued to believe law enforcement agents did not start the fire which engulfed the cult’s compound.
    (AP, 8/25/00)

1999        Aug 26, Attorney General Janet Reno pledged that a new investigation of the 1993 Waco, Texas, siege would "get to the bottom" of how the FBI used potentially flammable tear gas grenades against her wishes and then took six years to admit it.
    (AP, 8/26/00)

1999        Sep 1, Attorney General Janet Reno ordered US marshals to FBI headquarters to seize an infrared videotape containing a recording of FBI communications made during the 1993 FBI assault of the Branch Davidian sect in Waco, Texas. FBI officials had stated that no tape of that stage of the operation existed.
    (SFC, 9/2/99, p.A3)(SFC, 9/3/99, p.A3)

1999        Gary Webb (1955-2004), San Jose news reported, authored “Dark Alliance: The CIA, the Contras, and the Crack Cocaine Explosion.”
    (SFC, 12/13/04, p.B3)

1999        The FBI helped launch the 1st Regional Computer Forensics Laboratory (RCFL) to support federal, state and local law-enforcement agencies. By 2005 there were 6 such labs.
    (Econ, 3/12/05, TQ p.32)

2000        Apr 8, The Central Intelligence Agency confirmed that personnel action had been taken following the mistaken bombing of the Chinese embassy during the NATO war against Yugoslavia; one employee was reportedly fired.
    (AP, 4/8/01)

2000        Apr, The FBI issued an alert to American agencies warning of a possible al Qaeda attack. It was based on allegations by Niaz Khan, a Briton of Pakistani descent who turned himself in to US authorities.
    (WSJ, 6/7/04, p.A8)

2003        The US CIA paid $15 million to Polish intelligence or use of a secret prison site, handing over the cash in two cardboard boxes. This only became public in 2014 when the Washington Post cited former CIA officers regarding the ‘black site.”
    (AP, 1/24/14)

2001        Jan 5, In 2007 it was reported that a French intelligence document dated to this day warned that al-Qaida was at work on a hijacking plot. The information was passed on to the CIA. Documents on Osama bin Laden's terror network were drawn up by the French spy service, the DGSE, between July 2000 and October 2001.
    (AP, 4/16/07)

2001        Feb 18, Robert Philip Hanssen (56), senior FBI agent, was arrested for spying. He had allegedly passed information to the Russians for 15 years. It was believed that he had betrayed the construction of a tunnel under the Soviet Embassy in Washington. He pleaded guilty July 3 to avoid execution. His disclosures were later reported to have played a role in the execution or jailing of at least 3 Russians and threatened the identity of another 50 people. In 2002 David A. Wise authored: "The Bureau and the Mole." Hanssen was sentenced to life in prison on May 10, 2002.
    (SFC, 2/21/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 3/4/01, p.A6)(SFC, 7/4/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 1/8/02, p.A16)(AP, 2/18/02)(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A14)(SFC, 5/11/02, p.A3)

2001        Mar 23, It was reported that the Bush administration had removed the CIA as a broker between Israeli and Palestinian security services.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D4)

2001        Apr, Mr. Behrooz Sarshar, in his position as FBI interpreter/translator, attended a meeting between a long-term, reliable FBI asset and two additional FBI agents from the Washington Field Office. That FBI asset told the two FBI agents that his sources in Afghanistan had information of an al-Qaeda plot to attack America in a suicide mission involving planes.
    (http://impudicus.wordpress.com/)

2001        May 14, The FBI found in Baltimore another batch of undisclosed records on Timothy McVeigh.
    (SFC, 5/15/01, p.A1)

2001        May 16, Former FBI agent Robert Hanssen was indicted on charges of spying for Moscow. Hanssen later pleaded guilty to 15 counts of espionage and was sentenced to life in prison without parole.
    (AP, 5/16/02)

2001        Jul 5, Kenneth Williams, an FBI agent in Phoenix, Arizona, wrote to bureau headquarters that al Qaeda could be sending terrorists to train as student pilots. He urged the investigation of Middle Eastern men enrolled in American flight schools. [see Jul 10]
    (SFC, 5/17/02, p.A19)(SFC, 5/22/02, p.A18)

2001        Jul 10, George Tenet, director of the CIA, allegedly met with Condoleeza Rice and warned her of an imminent al-Qaida attack. News of the meeting was only made public in 2006.
    (SFC, 10/2/06, p.A4)

2001        Jul 17, John Ashcroft, US Attorney Gen’l. reported that 184 FBI laptops and nearly 450 guns were stolen or lost over the last decade.
    (SFC, 7/18/01, p.A1)

2001        Aug 16, Zacarias Moussaoui (33), a French citizen of Moroccan descent, was arrested in Eagan, Minnesota, on immigration charges. He was taking lessons on flying Boeing jets with no interest in taking off or landing. He was later suspected as a 5th member of one of the Sep 11 WTC attack teams. In Nov the FBI reported that Moussaoui wanted to learn how to take off and land but not to fly. Mueller also said Ramzi Omar of Yemen, aka Ramsi Binalshibh, may have been the 20th hijacker. The local FBI contacted the CIA for action on Moussaoui when FBI managers failed to take action. Agent Coleen Rowley later charged that senior officials fumbled an opportunity to possibly prevent the Sep 11 terrorist attacks.
    (SFC, 11/8/01, p.A7)(SFC, 11/15/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 2/4/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/24/02, p.A1)(SFC, 5/25/02, p.A1)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A14)

2001        Aug 23, Brian Regan (38), retired US Air Force master sergeant and cryptanalyst, was arrested by the FBI at Dulles Int’l. Airport on charges of spying. In 2002 Regan was accused of trying to spy for Iraq, Libya and China. On February 20, 2003, Regan was found guilty of three charges of attempted espionage including two counts of attempted espionage related to attempts to sell information to Iraq and China, and one count of gathering national defense information. He was acquitted of attempting to provide US secrets to Libya. On March 20, 2003, Regan was sentenced to life in prison without parole.
    (http://cicentre.com/Documents/DOC_Regan_1.htm)(SFC, 8/29/01, p.A6)(WSJ, 2/15/02, p.A1)

2001        Sep 10, Attorney General John Ashcroft rejected a proposed $58 million increase in FBI financing for counter-terrorism programs.
    (SFC, 6/1/02, p.A1)

2001        Oct 26, Pres. Bush signed a sweeping anti-terrorism bill into law. It gave police and intelligence agencies vast new powers to fight terrorism. The USA Patriot Act included Section 215 that gave the FBI authority to obtain library and bookstore records without evidence of wrongdoing.
    (SFC, 10/27/01, p.A3,6)(SSFC, 6/23/02, p.A5)

2001        The FBI tracked 8,322 US bank robberies this year, up 17% from 2000.
    (WSJ, 10/8/02, p.A1)

2001-2002    The US Navy Engineering Logistics Office issued at least 10 classified contracts to US aviation companies to fly terror suspects to countries known to practice torture. The CIA also played a role in the operations.
    (SSFC, 9/25/05, A4)

2002        Feb, Joseph C. Wilson IV, former US diplomat and veteran of the diplomatic wars of Iraq and Africa, was sent on a secret mission to Niger to determine if Iraqis had tried to purchase yellowcake uranium from Africa to build nuclear weapons. Wilson spent a week in Niger chatting with locals about the allegation, coming to the conclusion that the yellowcake charges were probably unfounded. His wife, Valerie Plame, was a CIA operative.
    (WP, 7/17/05)(WSJ, 7/18/05, p.A4)

2002        Mar 18, The FBI "Operation Candyman" snared over 90 people following a 14-month investigation of child pornography over the Internet.
    (SFC, 3/19/02, p.A3)

2002        Mar, In Cuba Anthony Boadle began working as Reuters' bureau chief and continued through 2008. He published reports favoring local counterrevolutionaries and the interests of the United States and the European Union. In 2011 Cuban state-television accused Boadle of working as a CIA operative.
    (AP, 4/5/11)

2002        May 29, FBI Director Robert Mueller acknowledged that the bureau did not pursue "red flags" in the weeks before Sep 11, and suggested for the first time that investigators might have uncovered the plot if they had been more diligent about pursuing leads. A reorganization plan for the bureau was announced with a focus on terrorist attacks.
    (SFC, 5/30/02, p.A1)(AP, 5/29/03)

2002        Jun 4, Pres. Bush said the CIA and FBI had failed to communicate adequately before the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks; Congress began extraordinary closed-door hearings into intelligence lapses.
    (AP, 6/4/03)

2002        Jun 17, A converted C-130 air tanker crashed over a flaming ridge near Walker in Mono County, Ca., and 3 crew members were killed. It was later reported that the 1956 plane had been used by the CIA and lacked maintenance records.
    (SFC, 6/17/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/7/03, p.A3)

2002        Sep 3, Louisiana State Univ. fired Dr. Steven J. Hatfill after the Justice Dept. said the school could not use him on grants funded by the agency. The firing came following FBI investigations of Hatfill and naming him as a "person of interest."
    (SFC, 9/5/02, p.A6)(WSJ, 9/4/02, p.A1)

2002        Oct 22, Richards Helms (89), CIA director who was fired by Richard Nixon, died. In 2003 his autobiography "A Look Over My Shoulder," co-written with William Hood, was published.
    (WSJ, 10/24/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/5/03, p.D8)

2002        Oct 29, Gul Rahman, suspected of links to al-Qaida, was picked up from a home in Islamabad and taken with four other people to a CIA black site called the Salt Pit near the Kabul Airport. He was stripped naked, doused in cold water and then left to die in the CIA-run prison. Rahman died Nov. 20, 2002, but his identity was not known until revealed by an Associated Press investigation in March 2010.
    (AP, 1/5/11)

2002        Nov 12, Former FBI Director William Webster resigned under pressure as head of a special accounting oversight board created by Congress to rebuild public confidence shaken by a cascade of business scandals.
    (AP, 11/12/03)

2002        Nov 21, Al-Qaida leader Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri, the network's chief of operations in the Persian Gulf, was reported to have been captured earlier in the month. The Saudi of Yemeni descent was captured in Dubai and flown to a CIA prison in Afghanistan and then onto Thailand where he was waterboarded and interrogated. He had allegedly planned the Oct 12, 2000, attack on the US Navy destroyer Cole.
    (AP, 11/21/02)(SFC, 9/29/11, p.A2)

2003        Feb 17, American CIA operatives snatched Egyptian cleric Hassan Mustafa Osama Nasr (Abu Omar) from his house in Milan and took him to Egypt, where he was jailed, tortured and released. In 2005 an Italian judge ordered the arrest of 13 American suspects on charges of kidnapping. In 2009 Nasr asked for euro10 million (nearly $15 million) in damages from the American and Italian defendants charged in his abduction.
    (Econ, 7/2/05, p.48)(AP, 10/7/09)(SFC, 10/8/09, p.A2)

2003        Mar 2, Iraq crushed another six Al Samoud II missiles, as ordered by UN weapons inspectors. Iraqi scientist Mahmud Faraj Bilal al-Samarrai, implicated in Saddam Hussein's weapons of mass destruction (WMD), surrendered to the CIA. He was freed in 2012.
    (AP, 3/2/08)(AFP, 4/15/12)

2003        May 8, A federal grand jury indicted Chinese-born California socialite Katrina Leung on charges that she'd illegally taken, copied and kept secret documents obtained from an FBI agent. A federal judge later dismissed the case against Leung, rebuking prosecutors for misconduct.
    (AP, 5/8/08)

2003        Mar 19, EU officials found electronic bugs in a building in Brussels where a summit was set to open the next day. Belgian police suspected the US.
    (WSJ, 1/20/02, p.A1)

2003        Apr 9, James Smith (59), a senior FBI counterintelligence agent, was arrested in LA along with Katrina Leung (49), prominent venture capitalist, for the alleged theft and transfer of a classified defense document to the Chinese government. In 2004 Smith pleaded guilty failing to disclose his 2-year sexual relationship with Leung.
    (SFC, 4/10/03, p.A9)(NW, 4/21/03, p.6)(SFC, 5/13/04, p.A3)

2003        Jun 23, Judith Miller, reporter for the NY Times, met with Lewis “Scooter” Libby, chief of staff for VP Dick Cheney, who gave her information about CIA operative Valery Plame. Reporter Bob Woodward also spoke with Libby on this day and on June 27 and in 2005 testified that Libby made no mention of Plame. Woodward did say another senior government official told him about Plame and her role in the CIA in mid-June.
    (SFC, 10/22/05, p.A3)(SFC, 11/17/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/17/05, p.A5)

2003        Jul 6, Joseph Wilson, former American ambassador, alleged that Pres. Bush had falsely accused Iraq of trying to buy uranium from Niger. Two White House officials soon called at least 6 Washington journalists and told them that Wilson’s wife, Valerie Plame, was an undercover CIA agent who had worked in Niger. [see Jul 14]
    (Econ, 8/21/04, p.28)(SFC, 7/16/05, p.A4)

2003        Jul 9, Karl Rove, senior advisor to Pres. Bush, spoke with syndicated columnist Robert Novak about diplomat Joseph Wilson and his wife Valerie Plame. About this same time Rove also spoke with Matthew Cooper, Time’s White House correspondent, and mentioned Wilson and Plame. In 2006 Novak acknowledged that 3 administration sources, including Rove and CIA spokesman Bill Harlow, had provided him information.
    (SFC, 7/16/05, p.A4)(SFC, 12/12/05, p.A3)(SFC, 7/12/06, p.A3)

2003        Jul 11, CIA Director George Tenet took blame for Pres. Bush's State of the Union discredited claim that uranium from Africa had been shipped to Iraq.
    (SFC, 7/18/03, p.A14)

2003        Aug 12, The FBI arrested Hemant Lakhani, an Indian-born British arms dealer, in a sting operation in New Jersey and foiled a contrived plot aimed at smuggling a shoulder-fired missile for some $80,000 to US-based terrorists. It involved cooperation between the intelligence services of the US and Russia.
    (AP, 8/13/03)(WSJ, 8/13/03, p.A1)(SFC, 8/14/03, p.A3)

2003        Sep 29, US The Justice Department launched a full-blown criminal investigation into who leaked the name of CIA officer Valerie Plame, the wife of ex-Ambassador Joseph Wilson, and President Bush the next day directed his White House staff to cooperate fully.
    (AP, 9/30/03)(WSJ, 10/1/03, p.A1)(SFC, 10/4/03, p.A3)

2003        Sep 30, The FBI began a full-scale criminal investigation into whether White House officials had illegally leaked the identity of undercover CIA officer Valerie Plame.
    (AP, 9/30/08)

2003        Oct 25, In Afghanistan CIA operatives William Carlson, 43, of Southern Pines, N.C., and Christopher Glenn Mueller, 32, of San Diego were ambushed and killed near the village in Shkin in Paktika province while "tracking terrorists."
    (AP, 10/29/03)

2003        Oct, Donald Rumsfeld approved a CIA request to hold a suspected Iraqi terrorist in secret and shield his detention from the Red Cross.
    (WSJ, 6/17/04, p.A1)

2003        Dec 31, Security forces boarded a bus in Macedonia and snatched a German citizen named Khaled el-Masri (b.1963). For the next five months, el-Masri was a ghost. Only a select group of CIA officers knew he had been whisked to a secret prison for interrogation in Afghanistan. He was the wrong guy. El-Masri was dumped in Albania in a remote hillside on May 28, 2004, without explanation or apology. Five months later Germany withdrew warrants for the arrest of 13 CIA agents. In 2012 el-Masri took his case to Europe’s human rights court.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khalid_El-Masri)(AP, 2/9/11)(SSFC, 3/6/11, p.F6)(SFC, 5/17/12, p.A4)

2003        Dec, Dennis Montgomery, a California computer programmer, reported that hidden in the crawl bars broadcast by Al Jazeera, someone had planted information about specific American-bound flights from Britain, France and Mexico that were hijacking targets. CIA officials rushed the information to Pres. Bush, who ordered those flights to be turned around or grounded before they could enter American airspace. Montgomery had patented computer codes that he claimed could find terrorist plots hidden in broadcasts of Al Jazeera. His codes were later believed to be fake. In 2011 Montgomery faced charges of trying to pass $1.8 million in bad checks at Las Vegas casinos.
    (SSFC, 2/20/11, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/5rur55y)

2004        Jan 28, David Kay, former head of the CIA's weapons search team in Iraq, told Congress no weapons of mass destruction had been found and that prewar intelligence was "almost all wrong." In 2007 Bob Drogin authored “Curveball: Spies, Lies, and the Con Man Who Caused a War.” Curveball was the code name for an Iraqi chemical engineer who turned up in Germany in 1999 and served as the source for Iraq’s chemical and biological weapons pro-grams. In 2011 Rafid Ahmed Alwan al-Janabi, identified as the informer called "Curveball," said he is proud that he lied about his country developing mobile biological warfare labs.
    (SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A22)(WSJ, 10/13/07, p.W8)(Econ, 11/3/07, p.100)(AP, 2/16/11)

2004        Feb 12, Behrooz Sarshar, an Iranian emigre in his mid-sixties and former FBI translator, stated he was forced to retire from the FBI (in November 2002) after a two-and-a-half year OPR investigation in which he was accused of talking about FBI matters with non-FBI people.
    (http://cryptome.org/nara/behrooz-sarshar.pdf)

2004        Mar 12, An FBI proposal was made public to require all broadband Internet providers to support easy wiretapping.
    (SFC, 3/13/04, p.C2)

2004        May 6, The US FBI, using fingerprint evidence, arrested Oregon lawyer Brandon Mayfield as part of the investigation into the Madrid, Spain, train bombings. The bureau later said Mayfield's arrest had been a mistake, and apologized. In 2006 the US government agreed to pay Mayfield $2 million to settle a lawsuit.
    (AP, 5/6/05)(SFC, 11/30/06, p.A7)

2004        May 26, The FBI issued an alert warning of a possible major terrorist attack in the US this summer. Photos of 7 suspects were released.
    (SFC, 5/26/04, p.A1)(SFC, 5/27/04, p.A1)

2004        Mar, The US CIA worked closely with Moammar Gadhafi's intelligence services in the rendition of terror suspects to Libya for interrogation as revealed by documents uncovered in 2011. The documents appear to be American correspondence to Libyan officials to arrange for the rendition of Abdel-Hakim Belhaj (nom de guerre, Abdullah al-Sadiq), a leader of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) with links to al-Qaida. Belhadj later claimed to have been tortured by CIA agents at a secret prison, then returned to Libya. Belhaj was detained in Thailand and transferred to Tripoli, where he spent years in prison. In 2013 he sued the British government over its alleged role in his detention and rendition offered to settle for 3 pounds ($4.50) and an apology.
    (AP, 9/3/11)(Econ, 9/10/11, p.62)(AP, 3/4/13)

2004        Jun 3, Pres. Bush said CIA Director George Tenet, has resigned for personal reasons.
    (AP, 6/3/04)

2004        Jun 3, FBI Director Robert Mueller proposed the creation of an intelligence service within the FBI with clear authority over all FBI activities.
    (SFC, 6/4/04, A5)

2004        Aug 10, Pres. Bush nominated Porter J. Goss, Florida Republican congressman, to head the CIA. Goss spent most of his career as a clandestine operative in Latin America.
    (AP, 8/11/04)(WSJ, 8/11/04, p.A1)

2004         Nov 4, John H. Waller (b.1923), CIA official and historian, died. His books included “Beyond the Khyber Pass: The Road to British Disaster in the First Afghan War” (1990).
    (SSFC, 11/7/04, p.A23)

2004        Nov 12, John McLaughlin, deputy director of the CIA, resigned after a series of confrontations over the past week between senior operations officials and Patrick Murray, the CIA Director Porter J. Goss's new chief of staff. The riff left the agency in turmoil.
    (SFC, 11/13/04, p.A6)

2004        Nov 15, Top CIA officials, Stephen Kappes and Michael Sulick announced their resignations after reported disputes with new Director Peter J. Goss.
    (SFC, 11/16/04, p.A1)

2004        Dec 8, The US Senate approved an intelligence restructure bill. The legislation called for a new director of national intelligence.
    (SFC, 12/9/04, p.A3)

2004        Victor Cherkashin, former KGB chief at the Soviet embassy in Washington, authored “Spy Handler: The True Story of the Man Who Recruited Robert Hanssen and Aldrich Ames.”
    (WSJ, 12/30/04, p.D8)

2004        Richard Gid Powers authored “Broken: The Troubled Past and Uncertain Future of the FBI.”
    (WSJ, 10/27/04, p.A1)

2004        The CIA hired Blackwater USA as part of a secret program to locate and assassinate top operatives of Al-Qaida. Blackwater of North Carolina, later renamed Xe Services, helped with planning, training and surveillance until the unsuccessful program was cancelled.
    (SFC, 8/20/09, p.A2)

2005        Jan 14, The US Justice Department's Office of the Inspector General released an unclassified summary of its investigation into the March, 2002, termination of Sibel Edmonds. She had discovered and reported several problems inside the FBI, including shoddy translation work, a large backlog of untranslated documents and employees with questionable alliances. The report concluded that Edmonds was fired for reporting serious security breaches and misconduct in the agency's translation program, and that many of her allegations were supported.
    (www.fbi.gov/pressrel/pressrel05/011405.htm)

2005        Jan 19, It was reported that the FBI had shelved its surveillance technology, once know as Carnivore and later renamed DCS-1000, and switched to unspecified commercial software to eavesdrop on computer traffic.
    (SFC, 1/19/05, p.A3)

2005        Jan 24, Jeffrey Royer, former FBI agent, and Anthony Elgindy, Internet penny stock advisor, were convicted for mining government computers for confidential information to manipulate stocks.
    (SFC, 1/25/05, p.E3)

2005        Jan, Lindsay Moran authored “Blowing My Cover: My Life As a CIA Spy.”
    (WSJ, 2/4/05, p.W12)

2005        Jun 30, Time editor Norman Pearlstein agreed to hand over notes relating to the CIA-leak probe. The next day Lawrence O’Donnell broke the story that the e-mails that Time turned over to the prosecutor that day reveal that Karl Rove is the source Matt Cooper is protecting.  [see Jul 14, 2003, Sep 29, 2003]
    (WSJ, 7/1/05, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/83v7r)(SSFC, 7/3/05, p.A8)

2005        Jul 6, NY Times reporter Judith Miller was jailed for refusing to name her CIA-leak source (2003) for a never-written article on CIA officer Valerie Plame.
    (WSJ, 7/6/05, p.A1)

2005        Jul 20, A Milan prosecutor sought arrest warrants for six more purported CIA operatives, accusing them of helping plan the kidnapping of an Egyptian radical Muslim cleric.
    (AP, 7/20/05)

2005        Jul, Carlos Enrique Perez-Melara, a student from El Salvador, was indicted for selling spyware. He had created and sold an $89 program called Loverspy for users to help catch cheating lovers. In 2013 Perez-Melara (33) was added to the FBI’s most wanted cybercriminals list.
    (SFC, 11/8/13, p.A16)

2005        Admiral Stansfield Turner, former CIA chief (1977-1980) authored “Burn Before Reading,” an examination of how American presidents have interacted with their intelligence chiefs.
    (WSJ, 10/11/05, p.D8)

2005        The US CIA destroyed at least 2 videotapes documenting the interrogation of 2 al-Qaida operatives, including Abu Zubaydah, dating back to 2002. CIA lawyers had told federal prosecutors in 2003 and 2005 that the CIA did not possess recordings of interrogations. The tapes were destroyed at the order of Jose Rodriquez Jr., head of the CIA’s clandestine service. In 2010 it was made public that Porter J. Goss, director of the CIA at the time, approved the Rodriguez decision shortly after the tapes were destroyed.
    (SFC, 12/7/07, p.A6)(SFC, 4/16/10, p.A12)

2006        Apr 20, The CIA fired Mary McCarthy, a top intelligence analyst, who admitted leaking classified information about a network of secret CIA prisons. She had provided information that contributed to a Washington Post story last year disclosing secret US prisons in Eastern Europe.
    (AP, 4/22/06)

2006        Apr 26, EU Parliament investigators said the CIA has conducted more than 1,000 undeclared flights over European territory since 2001, a clear violation of an international treaty.
    (AP, 4/26/06)

2006        May 30, US Air Force Gen. Michael Hayden was sworn in as CIA director.
    (AP, 5/30/07)

2006        Jun 7, Swiss senator Dick Marty, the head of an investigation into alleged CIA clandestine prisons, said 14 European nations colluded with US intelligence in a "spider's web" of secret flights and detention centers that violated international human rights law.
    (AP, 6/7/06)

2006        Jun 22, In Florida FBI agents arrested 7 people in the Liberty City area of Miami in connection with a nascent plot to attack the Sears Tower and federal buildings in south Florida. Narseal Batiste (32), the alleged ringleader, called the group “Seas of David.” In 2009 five Miami men were convicted of plotting to start an anti-government insurrection by destroying Chicago's Sears Tower and bombing FBI offices. One man was acquitted.
    (SFC, 6/23/06, p.A10)(Econ, 7/1/06, p.26)(AP, 5/12/09)

2006        James Risen authored “State of War.” One chapter recounted botched efforts by the CIA during the Clinton administration to to trick Iranian scientists. In 2010 former CIA officer Jeffrey Sterling was accused of being Risen’s source. Sterling was indicted on Espionage Act charges.
    (SFC, 7/20/13, p.A6)

2007        Feb 13, Brent Wilkes, a former CIA official, was indicted on corruption charges related to ex-Congressman Randy Cunningham and defense contractors.
    (SFC, 2/14/07, p.A3)
2007        Feb 13, David Passaro, a former CIA contract employee, was sentenced to 8 years in prison for beating Afghan detainee Abdul Wali in July, 2003. Wali died 48 hours after interrogation.
    (SFC, 2/14/07, p.A3)

2007        Feb 16, An Italian judge indicted 26 Americans and five Italians in the abduction of an Egyptian terror suspect on a Milan street in what would be the first criminal trial stemming from the CIA's extraordinary rendition program.
    (AP, 2/16/07)

2007        Mar 8, In Iran Robert Levinson, a retired FBI agent, disappeared from the island of Kish, a free trade zone. Levinson retired from the FBI in 1998 and became a private investigator. He was investigating cigarette smuggling in early 2007, and his family has said that effort took him to Iran. In 2010 the AP confirmed Levinson’s ties to the CIA. In late 2010 his family received proof that the father of seven was alive.
            (AP, 3/4/11)(AFP, 3/4/11)(SFC, 12/14/13, p.A5)

2007        Mar 9, The top two US law enforcement officials acknowledged the FBI broke the law to secretly pry out personal information about Americans. They apologized and vowed to prevent further illegal intrusions.
    (AP, 3/10/07)

2007        Apr 3, An AP investigation said CIA and FBI agents hunting for al-Qaida militants in the Horn of Africa have been interrogating terrorism suspects from 19 countries held at secret prisons in Ethiopia, which is notorious for torture and abuse.
    (AP, 4/3/07)

2007        Jun 8, A European investigator issued a report saying the CIA ran secret prisons in Poland and Romania from 2003 to 2005 to interrogate detainees in the war on terror.
    (AP, 6/8/07)
2007        Jun 8, In Italy the first trial involving the CIA's extraordinary rendition program opened in the absence of all 26 American defendants accused of kidnapping an Egyptian terrorist suspect.
    (AP, 6/8/07)

2007        Jun 27, A Swiss investigator said European governments have built a "wall of silence" surrounding their complicity with a CIA program that included holding terrorist suspects in secret jails.
    (AP, 6/27/07)

2007        Jul 19, A federal judge dismissed a lawsuit brought by former CIA operative Valerie Plame, who was demanding money from Bush administration officials she blamed for leaking her agency identity.
    (AP, 7/19/08)

2007        Jul 24, Chinese officials said the FBI and Chinese police have busted two software piracy gangs and seized programs worth an estimated $500 million in a joint campaign that began in 2005.
    (AP, 7/24/07)

2007        Sep 6, FBI agents arrested 12 people, including 11 public officials, in New Jersey on charges of taking bribes in exchange for influencing the awarding of public contracts. Mims Hackett Jr., mayor of Orange, was among those arrested.
    (SFC, 9/7/07, p.A3)(WSJ, 5/27/08, p.A2)

2007        Oct 15, Ernest Withers (b.1922), African American freelance photographer, died. In 2012 the FBI admitted that had served as an informant, revealing a 14-year history between the noted civil rights photographer and the agency.
    (SFC, 7/5/12, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernest_Withers)

2007        Nov 19, The FBI reported hate crime incidents rose nearly 8 percent in 2006.
    (AP, 11/19/08)

2007        Dec 7, US Congressional Democrats demanded a full Justice Department investigation into whether the CIA had obstructed justice by destroying videotapes documenting the harsh 2002 interrogations of two alleged terrorists.
    (AP, 12/7/08)

2007        Dec 11, The US Senate Intelligence Committee took closed-door testimony from CIA Director Michael Hayden on how videotapes of terror suspect interrogations were made, then destroyed.
    (AP, 12/11/08)

2007        Joseph Dominick Pistone (b.1939), alias Donnie Brasco, authored “Donnie Brasco: Unfinished Business.” Pistone, a former FBI agent, worked undercover for six years infiltrating the Bonanno family and to a lesser extent the Colombo Family, branches of the Mafia in NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donnie_Brasco)

2007        Tim Weiner authored “Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA.”
    (WSJ, 1/14/07, p.P8)

2008        Jan 16, CIA analyst Tom Donahue disclosed that criminals have been able to hack into computer systems via the Internet and cut power to several cities outside the US. He offered few specifics on what actually went wrong.
    (www.pcworld.com/article/id,141564-c,hackers/article.html)

2008        May 18, A Yemeni-American on the FBI's Most Wanted list of terror suspects was jailed in Yemen after an appeals court upheld his 10-year prison sentence. Jaber Elbaneh has been accused of belonging to al-Qaida, convicted of plots to attack oil installations in Yemen and of involvement in a 2002 attack on the French tanker Limburg off Yemen's coast that killed one person. On November 8 Elbaneh’s sentence was cut to 5 years after winning an appeal.
    (AP, 5/19/08)(AP, 11/8/08)

2008        May 30, In Florida 2 veteran police officers were charged with providing protection for purported shipments of cocaine and stolen goods in what was actually an undercover FBI operation.
    (AP, 5/30/08)

2008        Aug, In Puerto Rico FBI agents and police officers launched the late-night raid in the city of Carolina to free a Dominican man. Police say kidnappers were holding him in the trunk of a car and demanding $650,000 in ransom. A Puerto Rican policeman was killed by “friendly fire” during the gunbattle with kidnappers. In 2009 authorities charged FBI agent Jared Hewitt with negligent homicide for shooting 12-year police veteran Orlando Gonzalez Ortiz.
    (AP, 8/7/09)

2008        Sep 17,  A CIA missile strike in South Waziristan killed 6 people as US Adm. Mike Mullen assured Pakistan’s leaders that the US respects Pakistan’s sovereignty.
    (SFC, 9/19/08, p.A6)

2008        Sep 29, Kyle Dustin Foggo (53), former executive director of the CIA, pleaded guilty to defrauding the government. His guilty plea to a single charge wiped out 27 additional counts. The case was linked to the corruption scandal involving Randy Cunningham, former Republican congressman from San Diego. In 2009 Foggo was sentenced to 37 months in prison.
    (SFC, 9/30/08, p.A3)(SFC, 2/27/09, p.A5)

2008        Sep, From Algeria Andrew Warren, a CIA station chief and a convert to Islam, was sent back to the United States after two women came forward with charges of rape after lacing their drinks with a drug.
    (AP, 1/29/09)(SFC, 7/1/09, p.A4)

2008        Oct 2, The US FBI arrested Puerto Rico Sen. Jorge de Castro Font (45) for providing political favors in exchange for cash and services totaling roughly half a million dollars. He was indicted by a federal grand jury on 31 criminal counts including bribery, wire fraud and money laundering.
    (AP, 10/2/08)

2008        Oct 27, An FBI spokesman said 642 arrests in 29 cities were made last week during a 3-day sting operation, Operation Cross Country II, focusing on people who forced teens into prostitution. 100 adults were arrested in the SF Bay Area.
    (SFC, 10/28/08, p.B1)

2008        Nov 19, An FBI agent was shot and killed while serving a warrant at a home near Pittsburgh. A roundup of drug suspects was happening in the greater Pittsburgh area.
    (AP, 11/19/08)

2008        Dec 18, W. Mark Felt (95), former FBI second-in-command, died. He revealed himself as "Deep Throat" in 2005, 30 years after he tipped off reporters to the Watergate scandal that toppled Pres. Nixon.
    (AP, 12/19/08)

2008        John Diamond authored “The CIA and the Culture of Failure: US Intelligence From the end of the Cold War to the Invasion of Iraq.”
    (SFC, 9/7/08, Books p.1)
2008        Hugh Wilford authored “The Mighty Wurlitzer: How the CIA Played America,” an account of the CIA’s post war front groups.
    (WSJ, 1/23/08, p.D8)

2009        Jan 5, Pres. Elect Obama named William Panetta (70) to head the CIA.
    (SFC, 1/6/09, p.A1)

2009        Feb 23, The FBI said it has rescued more than 45 suspected teenage prostitutes, some as young as 13, in a nationwide 3-night sweep, Operation Cross Country, to remove kids from the illegal sex trade and punish their accused pimps.
    (AP, 2/23/09)

2009        Mar 2, The Obama administration threw open the curtain on years of Bush-era secrets, revealing anti-terror memos that claimed exceptional search-and-seizure powers and divulging that the CIA destroyed nearly 100 videotapes of interrogations and other treatment of terror suspects.
    (AP, 3/2/09)

2009        Mar 6, The CIA destroyed a dozen videotapes of harsh interrogations of terror suspects, according to documents filed in a lawsuit over the government's treatment of detainees. The 12 tapes were part of a larger collection of 92 videotapes of terror suspects that the CIA destroyed. The extent of the tape destruction was disclosed through a suit filed by the American Civil Liberties Union against the government.
    (AP, 3/7/09)

2009        Mar 11, Italy's highest court sided with the government and threw out key evidence in an alleged CIA kidnapping of an Egyptian terrorism suspect in Italy, dealing a blow to the trial of 26 Americans charged in the case.
    (AP, 3/11/09)

2009        Mar 15, Richard Masato Aoki (b.1938), former Japanese-American FBI informant (1961-1977) and early member of the Black Panthers (1967), died in Oakland, Ca., from complications relating to diabetes. He had given the Panthers some of their first guns.
    (SFC, 8/20/12, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/9g5u4zn)(SFC, 9/8/12, p.C2)

2009        Apr 2, In Puerto Rico FBI agents and police arrested at least 35 suspects in an alleged drug trafficking ring blamed for seven murders.
    (AP, 4/2/09)

2009        Apr 9, FBI hostage negotiators joined US Navy efforts to free an American ship captain held captive on a lifeboat by Somali pirates. A US destroyer and a spy plane kept close watch in the high-seas standoff near the Horn of Africa.
    (AP, 4/9/09)

2009        Apr 15, In Washington, DC, the FBI arrested Walter Kendall Myers (72) and his wife, Gwendolyn (71), for spying. For three decades, Myers and his wife had shuffled secrets to their Cuban contacts. Kendall Myers first worked for the State Department as a lecturer at the Foreign Service Institute and later as a European analyst in the department's intelligence arm, the Bureau of Intelligence and Research, from 2000 until his retirement in October 2007. On Nov 20 Myers and his wife pleaded guilty to serving as covert agents since 1979. Myers agreed to serve life in prison and his wife agreed to serve 6-7 years.
    (AP, 6/6/09)(SFC, 11/21/09, p.A4)

2009        Apr 16, President Barack Obama announced his decision not to prosecute CIA operatives who used interrogation practices described by many as torture. He condemned the aggressive techniques, including waterboarding, shackling and stripping, used on terror suspects while promising not to legally pursue the perpetrators.
    (AP, 4/17/09)

2009        Jun 23, CIA director Leon Panetta, learned of a nascent CIA counterterrorism program within the CIA, terminated it and the next day called an emergency meeting with the House and Senate Intelligence committees to inform them of the program and that it was canceled. Former Vice President Dick Cheney had directed the CIA in 2001 not to inform Congress about the nascent counterterrorism program, which developed plans to dispatch small teams to kill senior Al-Qaida terrorists.
    (AP, 7/12/09)(SFC, 7/14/09, p.A4)

2009        Sep 23,  In Illinois Michael Finton (29) was arrested in Springfield after federal officials said he attempted to detonate what he believed to be explosives in a van in Springfield. The FBI had provided the decoy devices.
    (SFC, 9/26/09, p.A6)

2009        Oct 13, It was reported that the FBI has begun using facial-recognition technology on millions of motorists comparing driver’s license photos with pictures of convicts. The project in North Carolina had already helped nab at least one suspect.
    (SFC, 10/13/09, p.A6)

2009        Oct 19, American scientists Stewart D. Nozette (52) of Chevy Chase, Md., was arrested for attempted espionage after passing classified information to an undercover FBI agent posing as an Israeli intelligence operative. In 2011 Nozette pleaded guilty to espionage and agreed to a 13-year prison term.
    (SFC, 10/21/09, p.A5)(SFC, 9/8/11, p.A8)

2009        Oct 21, Lithuanian lawmakers demanded an investigation into allegations that the CIA had established a prison there for al-Qaida suspects. Leaders have denied that Lithuania had hosted clandestine detention centers.
    (SFC, 10/22/09, p.A2)

2009        Oct 27, The NY Times reported that the brother of Afghan President Hamid Karzai has been getting regular payments from the Central Intelligence Agency. The paper said Ahmed Wali Karzai is a suspected player in Afghanistan's opium trade and has been paid by the CIA over the past eight years for services that included helping to recruit an Afghan paramilitary force that operates at the CIA's direction in and around the southern city of Kandahar. Ahmed Wali Karzai denied reports that he has received regular payments from the CIA for much of the past eight years.
    (Reuters, 10/28/09)(AP, 10/28/09)

2009        Oct 31, In Canada 2 men sought by the FBI and linked to a Detroit Muslim leader killed by US authorities were arrested in Windsor, Ontario. Mohammad Al-Sahli (33) and Yassir Ali Kahn (30) were wanted by the FBI for conspiracy to commit federal crimes.
    (Reuters, 10/31/09)

2009        Nov 4, An Italian judge found 23 Americans and two Italians guilty in the kidnapping of an Egyptian terror suspect, delivering the first legal convictions anywhere in the world against people involved in the CIA's extraordinary renditions program. The Americans and Italian agents were accused of kidnapping Osama Moustafa Hassan Nasr, also known as Abu Omar, on Feb. 17, 2003, in Milan, then transferring him to U.S. bases in Italy and Germany.
    (AP, 11/5/09)

2009        Nov 5, Lithuania's parliament voted to investigate allegations that the Baltic state hosted a secret CIA prison for al Qaeda suspects.
    (Reuters, 11/5/09)

2009        Dec 4, The New York Times reported that the White House has authorized the CIA to expand the use of unmanned aerial drones in Pakistan to track down and strike suspected Taliban and Al-Qaeda members.
    (AFP, 12/4/09)

2009        Dec 22, Lithuania said it may have hosted two 'war on terror' lock-ups used by American agents to interrogate suspected Al-Qaeda members. Arvydas Anusauskas, the head of an inquiry commission, said the first project was developed from 2002 and that a 2nd site was created in 2004. The probe found that five CIA-linked aircraft landed on Lithuanian soil from 2003 to 2006. Two touched down in Vilnius on February 3, 2003, and October 6, 2005. In the second case, border guards were barred from checking the plane. Three other aircraft landed at Palanga, on the Baltic coast, around 330 km from Vilnius, on January 2 and February 18, 2005, and March 25, 2006.
    (AFP, 12/22/09)

2009        Dec 30, In Afghanistan bombings killed 14 people, including 8 Americans and an Afghan in a suicide attack at a CIA base at the edge of eastern Khost city, and 4 Canadian soldiers and a journalist by a roadside bomb in the southern Kandahar province. CIA employees were believed to be among the victims. An airstrike by international forces killed and wounded civilians in Helmand province. Suspected Taliban militants kidnapped two French journalists working for France's public television broadcaster and three Afghan companions in eastern Kapisa province.
    (AP, 12/31/09)(AFP, 12/31/09)

2009        Dec 31, In northwest Pakistan a suspected US missile strike near Mir Ali hit a house and killed 3 people. In 2010 Pakistani tribesman Kareem Khan sought 500 million dollars in compensation from the CIA after his son and brother were killed in the drone attack.
    (AP, 1/1/10)(AFP, 11/29/10)

2009         The US shut down a $24 million off the books intelligence-gathering program to track down suspected insurgent leaders in Afghanistan. The CIA and some military officials had complained that Michael Furlong, a senior Defense Dept. official, had hired contractors to run the program.
    (SFC, 3/24/10, p.A7)

2009        Juanita Castro 76 authored "Fidel and Raul, My Brothers, the Secret History." It was co-written with Mexican journalist Maria Antonieta Collins. From 1961-1964 she collaborated with the US CIA against her brothers' rule before going into exile in Miami.
    (Reuters, 10/26/09)

2010        Feb 16, Pakistani intelligence officials said the Taliban's top military commander has been arrested in a joint CIA-Pakistani operation. Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, the group's No. 2 leader behind Afghan Taliban founder Mullah Mohammad Omar and a close associate of Osama bin Laden, was captured 10 days ago in the southern Pakistani port city of Karachi.
    (AP, 2/16/10)

2010        May, US undercover FBI agent 4599, portraying himself as a La Cosa Nostra member, was introduced to Raymond “Shrimp Boy” Chow, a SF Chinatown gangster who had claimed to have gone straight. This led to indictments of gun trafficking and bribery in 2014 against Chow, California state Sen. Leland Yee and 24 others.
    (SFC, 3/28/14, p.A8)

2010        Jun 10, In Puerto Rico Jose Claudio Montes, also known as "Chiki Bazooka," was captured by the FBI inside a housing project where he allegedly controlled the trade of heroin, cocaine and marijuana. 532 pounds (241kg) of cocaine was seized hidden on a pleasure craft named "La Burla" — Spanish for "Mockery." It was intercepted off Puerto Rico's west coast. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents arrested the two Puerto Rican men and one Dominican man aboard.
    (AP, 6/11/10)

2010        Jun 23, An industry source said the CIA has hired Xe Services, formerly known as Blackwater Worldwide, to guard facilities in Afghanistan and elsewhere. The contract was said to be worth about $100 million.
    (SFC, 6/24/10, p.A6)

2010        Jun 28, The FBI announced the arrests of 10 alleged deep cover Russian agents after tracking the suspects for years. They were accused of attempting to infiltrate US policymaking circles while posing as ordinary citizens. All 10 were charged with conspiracy to act as an agent of a foreign government without notifying the US attorney general. The offense carries a maximum penalty of five years in prison. An 11th person allegedly involved in the Russian spy ring  was arrested the next day in Cyprus.
    (AP, 6/29/10)

2010        Jul 13, A US law enforcement official said the FBI's investigation into a Russian spy ring that operated in the United States has resulted in another Russian being detained, and he soon will be deported.
    (Reuters, 7/13/10)

2010        Jul 18, In Slovenia a cyber mastermind, suspected of creating a malicious software code that infected 12 million computers worldwide and orchestrating other huge cyber scams, was arrested and questioned. His arrest came about five months after Spanish police broke up the massive cyber scam, arresting three of the alleged ringleaders who operated the Mariposa botnet, which stole credit cards and online banking credentials. On July 28 the FBI later said that a 23-year old Slovene known as Iserdo was picked up in Maribor, after lengthy investigation by Slovenian police, FBI and Spanish authorities. The FBI also identified, for the first time, the three individuals arrested in connection with the case in Spain: Florencio Carro Ruiz, known as "Netkairo;" Jonathan Pazos Rivera, known as "Jonyloleante;" and Juan Jose Bellido Rios, known as "Ostiator.
    (AP, 7/28/10)

2010        Aug 18, CIA Director Leon Panetta said the CIA is opening a counterproliferation center to combat the spread of dangerous weapons and technology, a move that comes as Iran is on the verge of fueling up a new nuclear power plant.
    (AP, 8/18/10)

2010        Aug 21, Roland Haas (58), a Georgia-based former Army Reserve intelligence officer, was found dead from a gunshot wound that pierced his femoral artery. In 2007 Haas had authored “Enter the Past Tense: My Secret Life as a CIA Assassin.” Several former CIA officials denounced the book as a hoax.
    (SFC, 8/26/10, p.A10)

2010        Aug 27, The Washington Post reported that the CIA is making payments to a significant number of officials in Afghan President Hamid Karzai's administration. The Post also cited a former CIA official as saying that the CIA payments to Afghan officials were necessary because "the head of state is not going to tell you everything" and because Karzai often seems unaware of moves that members of his own government make.
    (Reuters, 8/27/10)

2010        Sep 17, In New Mexico scientist Pedro Leonardo Mascheroni (75) and his wife Marjorie Roxby Mascheroni (67), who both once worked at Los Alamos National Laboratory, were arrested after an FBI sting operation. They were charged with offering to help develop a nuclear weapon for Venezuela.
    (AP, 9/18/10)

2010        Sep 20, Libya's daily Oea newspaper reported that Douglas O'Reilly, a Canadian man, was detained after meeting a US diplomat suspected of being a CIA agent. He was detained on suspicion of spying on a planned BP offshore drilling project. O'Reilly claimed to be an archaeologist seeking to warn of the BP project's potential impact on archaeological sites. O'Reilly was given freedom to leave Libya on Sep 22.
    (AP, 9/21/10)(AP, 9/22/10)

2010        Sep 22, A US official in Washington confirmed reports that the CIA is running an all-Afghan paramilitary group in Afghanistan that has been hunting al-Qaida, Taliban, and other militant targets for the agency. A security professional in Kabul familiar with the operation said the 3,000-strong force was set up in 2002 to capture targets for CIA interrogation.
    (AP, 9/22/10)

2010        Sep, The FBI and its counterparts in Ukraine, the Netherlands and Britain took down a cyber-theft ring they first got wind of in May 2009 when a financial services firm tipped the bureau's Omaha, Neb., office to suspicious transactions. Since then, the FBI's Operation Trident Breach has uncovered losses of $14 million and counting.
    (AP, 11/22/10)

2010        Oct 6, In Puerto Rico FBI agents began arresting police officers accused of corruption. Local newspaper El Nuevo Dia reported that police and corrections officers were among 133 people named in the federal indictments, yet to be opened.
    (AP, 10/6/10)

2010        Oct 21, In Oregon a former Bend police captain and his wife, who have been under investigation by the FBI and IRS over their real estate dealings in Oregon and Indiana, were indicted on fraud charges. Kevin (56) and Tamara (47) "Tami" Sawyer were charged with 21 counts of various crimes that include conspiracy to commit wire fraud, wire fraud, bank fraud and money laundering. Prosecutors claim the fraud cost investors more than $4.4 million.
    (AP, 10/23/10)

2010        Oct 22, In Virginia Glenn Shriver (28) of Detroit pleaded guilty to trying to get a job with the Central Intelligence Agency in order to spy for China and to hiding contacts and money he got from Chinese intelligence agents. Shriver acknowledged that he met with Chinese officials about 20 times beginning in 2004 and that he received a total of about $70,000 from Chinese intelligence officers. His plea agreement called for a sentence of 48 months in prison.
    (Reuters, 10/22/10)

2010        Oct 27, Farooque Ahmed, a Pakistani-born Virginia man, was arrested and charged with trying to help people posing as Al-Qaida operatives to bomb Washington-area subway stations. The plot was a bombing ruse by the FBI who monitored his activities the whole time.
    (SFC, 10/28/10, p.A8)

2010        Nov 22, The FBI raided three hedge funds in NYC as part of a sweeping investigation into insider trading.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.82)

2010        Dec 3, A US federal court search warrant said Navy Reserve Intelligence Officer Minkyu Martin (22) was under investigation for passing classified information to an FBI agent he thought was a foreign intelligence agent.
    {USA, Espionage, FBI}
    (http://cicentre.net/wordpress/index.php/tag/bryan-minkyu-martin/)(SFC, 12/7/10, p.A8)
2010        Dec 3, In Kenya two attacks in Nairobi killed three police officers. Police asked the US FBI for help and hoped that advanced forensics would determine whether the attacks were linked and if they were carried out by terrorists.
    (AP, 12/4/10)

2010        Dec 8, In Maryland federal authorities arrested Antonio Martinez (21) for attempting to blow up a military recruitment center in Catonsville, with what he thought was a vehicle bomb.
    (SFC, 12/9/10, p.A22)

2010        Dec 18, Pakistan's top spy agency denied that it helped unmask the CIA's station chief in Islamabad, dismissing speculation it was retaliating for a US lawsuit linking the Pakistani intelligence chief to the 2008 attacks in Mumbai, India. The station chief in Islamabad has operated as a virtual military commander in the US war against al-Qaida and other militant groups hidden along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border. His recall was made public a day earlier.
    (AP, 12/18/10)

2010        Bob Woodward authored “Obama’s Wars.” In it he alleged that some 3,000 CIA operatives are active in the tribal regions of Pakistan.
    (Econ, 9/25/10, p.44)(Econ, 10/9/10, p.58)
2010        The US had 13.1 million arrests this year. Drug violations accounted for just over 1.6 million of the arrests according to FBI data released in 2011.
    (Econ, 9/24/11, p.40)

2011        Jan 20, US FBI agents dealt another major blow to New York's five Mafia crime families by arresting some 127 suspected mobsters throughout the Northeast on charges including murder, extortion and narcotics trafficking.
    (AP, 1/20/11)(Econ, 1/29/11, p.29)

2011        Feb 14, Iran’s security forces cut phone lines and blockaded the home of an Iranian opposition leader in attempts to stop him attending a planned rally in support of Egypt's uprising. Eyewitnesses reported sporadic clashes in central Tehran's Enghelab or Revolution square between security forces and opposition protesters. Turkish President Abdullah Gul, who is on a visit to Iran, urged governments in the Middle East to listen to the demands of their people. Student Sanee Zhaleh (26) was shot dead during the opposition rally. Authorities later announced the arrest today of an Iranian man allegedly working for the CIA.
    (AP, 2/14/11)(AP, 2/16/11)(AP, 2/24/11)

2011        Mar 16, Pakistan freed CIA contractor Raymond Allen Davis, who had shot and killed two Pakistani men, after the US paid $2.34 million in "blood money" to the victims' families. Davis, who was acquitted in court, claimed he acted in self-defense when he killed the two men on the street in the eastern city of Lahore.
    (AP, 3/16/11)

2011        Mar 30, US officials revealed that the CIA has sent small teams of operatives into rebel-held eastern Libya while the White House debates whether to arm the opposition. The British government said Libyan Foreign Minister Moussa Koussa had arrived in Britain from Tunisia and resigned.
    (AP, 3/31/11)

2011        Apr 8, In Texas Luis Posada Carriles (83), a Cuban native and former CIA agent, was acquitted of allegations that he lied during US immigration hearings. He had worked for decades to destabilize communist governments throughout Latin America and was often supported by Washington.
    (AP, 4/9/11)

2011        Apr 13, The US Justice Dept. and FBI said they have seized computers and filed a civil complaint in a bid to disable a malicious botnet system called Coreflood, which has operated for nearly a decade stealing personal passwords and private financial information. The civil complaint was against 13 John Doe defendants related to the Coreflood botnet.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.D6)

2011        Apr 19, Sony Corp. in the US noticed unauthorized activity on its network, and discovered that data had been transferred off the network the next day. The company's general counsel gave the FBI information about the breach on April 22.
    (AP, 5/4/11)

2011        Apr, Richmond, Ca., police officers Danny Harris (31) and Ray Thomas (34) quit following the report of an FBI probe regarding a security company they ran on the side. They had tried to frame their supervisor by having him lured into an extramarital affair and paid private investigator Christopher Butler $1,800 to create a video using a decoy. On March 7, 2012, Thomas admitted to his role in trying to thwart a federal grand jury’s inquiry into their business. On March 9 Harris pleaded guilty to buying firearms for young men at his security firm. On Aug 21 Harris was sentenced to 6 months in a half-way house. Thomas was sentenced to 6 months of home detention.
    (SFC, 2/29/12, p.C1)(SFC, 3/10/12, p.C2)(SFC, 8/22/12, p.C2)

2011        May 9, Pakistan met US demands for an inquiry into how Osama bin Laden lived for years under the noses of its military but refused to be blamed alone for Al-Qaeda or its mastermind. Pakistan’s spy agency gave the name of the CIA station chief to the Nation, a conservative daily newspaper.
    (AFP, 5/9/11)(SFC, 5/10/11, p.A3)

2011        May 21, Iran's Intelligence Ministry claimed that it has arrested at least 30 people allegedly linked to a CIA-run spy network in accusations that also could spill over into the country's deepening political power struggles.
    (AP, 5/21/11)

2011        May, Pakistani Dr. Shakeel Afridi, who helped the CIA track Osama bin Laden, was arrested by the Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate three weeks after the May 2 Abbotabad raid. In October a government inquiry recommended that Afridi be charged with treason.
    (SFC, 10/7/11, p.A4)

2011             Jun 15, In another hacker attack, a group known as Lulz Security (LulzSec) was able to take down the public website of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The group announced the attack at 6pm by sending out a message on Twitter. Service was restored on the CIA site later in the evening, and sources at the agency said no sensitive files were breached.
            (Reuters, 6/15/11)

2011        Jun 20, British police arrested a man (19) suspected of hacking attacks on int’l. businesses and intelligence agencies. The arrest took place following a joint operation by its Internet crimes unit and the FBI. Police would not say whether the man is believed to be linked to either the Anonymous or Lulz Security (LulzSec) hacking collectives, which have called for "war" on governments that control the Internet and claimed responsibility for a string of high-profile attacks on targets such as Sony, the CIA web page and the US Senate computer system.
    (AP, 6/21/11)(SFC, 6/23/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 22, Mob boss James "Whitey" Bulger (81) was captured near Los Angeles, along with longtime girlfriend Catherine Greig, after 16 years on the run that embarrassed the FBI and exposed the bureau's corrupt relationship with its underworld informants.
    (AP, 6/23/11)

2011        Jun, The FBI and Interpol conducted "Operation Hive," which resulted in the arrests of two Metulji operators in Bosnia and Slovenia. The world's biggest criminal botnet, that has enslaved tens of millions of computers across 172 countries, was named “Metulji," Slovenian for "butterfly."
    (http://tinyurl.com/4346r4y)

2011        Jul 6, In Maryland the FBI arrested Mohammad Hassan Khalid (18), a high school honors student and legal immigrant from Pakistan, at his home near Baltimore for helping Colleen LaRose, aka “Jihad Jane,” plot to kill Swedish artist Lars Vilks. LaRose (48) pleaded guilty this year to 4 federal charges. On May 4, 2012, Khalid pleaded guilty to helping LaRose.
    (SFC, 10/21/11, p.A11)(SFC, 5/4/12, p.A5)

2011        Sep 5, Pakistan military said intelligence officers working with the CIA in Quetta have arrested 3 members of al-Qaida including Younis al-Mauritani, a top operative believed to have been tasked by Osama bin Laden with targeting American economic interests around the world. It named the other two detainees as Abdul-Ghaffar al-Shami and Messara al-Shami.
    (AP, 9/5/11)

2011        Sep 6, Newly retired Gen. David Petraeus was sworn in as the 20th director of the CIA.
    (SFC, 9/7/11, p.A6)

2011        Sep 29, Amnesty Int’l. called on Lithuania to reopen its investigation into CIA prisons and the alleged torturing of terrorist suspects based on what they said was new evidence of a rendition flight to the Baltic state. A Boeing 727 allegedly carrying an al-Qaida suspect, Abu Zubaydah, landed in the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius on Feb. 17, 2005, after taking off from Morocco and refueling in Jordan. Reprieve, a human rights organization, announced earlier this year that it had provided investigators with confidential information that Abu Zubaydah, a Palestinian repeatedly tortured by US investigators had been secretly imprisoned in Lithuania between 2004 and 2006.
    (AP, 9/29/11)

2011        Nov 21, US officials said Hezbollah has partially unraveled the CIA’s spy network in Lebanon. Several foreign spies working for the CIA were reported captured by Hezbollah in recent months.
    (SFC, 11/22/11, p.A4)

2011        Nov 24, Iran’s official IRNA news agency reported that Iran has arrested 12 agents of the American Central Intelligence Agency. Parviz Sorouri, a member of the powerful parliamentary committee on foreign policy and national security, said the alleged agents were operating in coordination with Israel's Mossad and other regional agencies, targeting the country's military and its nuclear program.
    (AP, 11/24/11)

2011        Dec 29, In Puerto Rico FBI agent Daniel Knapp (43) drowned after trying to rescue a swimmer in distress at Hidden Beach in the coastal city of Fajardo.
    (AP, 12/30/11)

2011        Glenn Carle, former CIA official, authored “Te Interrogator: An Education.”
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.82)

2012        Jan 9, Iran’s state radio reported that an Iranian court has convicted Amir Mirzaei Hekmati (28), an American man, of working for the CIA and sentenced him to death. The case added to the accelerating tension between the United States and Iran. In March the Supreme Court tossed out his death penalty and said a new trial would held.
    (AP, 1/9/12)(SFC, 3/6/12, p.A3)

2012        Jan 14, Iran’s Foreign Ministry sent a diplomatic letter to the US saying that it has "evidence and reliable information" that the CIA provided "guidance, support and planning" to assassins "directly involved" in the Jan 11 assassination of Iranian nuclear scientist Mostafa Ahmadi Roshan. State media IRNA also reported that Iran delivered a letter to Britain accusing London of having an "obvious role" in the killing.
    (AP, 1/14/12)

2012        Jan 20, A US federal appeals court in Boston upheld multimillion-dollar judgments that found the federal government liable for the deaths of 3 people allegedly murdered by James “Whitey” Bulger. The FBI had used Bulger and associate Stephen Flemmi as informants and had shielded them from prosecution.
    (SSFC, 1/22/12, p.A7)
2012        Jan 20, The FBI announced that it had closed down one of the world's largest file sharing sites Megauploader.com. The site, which had over 180 million registered users, was accused of copyright violation and its founder Kim Dotcom (37), aka Kim Schmitz, was arrested in New Zealand. Shortly after, Anonymous launched an attack on several US based sites, including the FBI and Universal Music.
    (AFP, 1/20/12)

2012        Jan 24, In Connecticut 4 police officers, including the president of the local police union, were arrested by the FBI on charges that they assaulted illegal immigrants and covered up abuses in a New Haven suburb where a federal investigation found life was made miserable for Hispanics.
    (AP, 1/25/12)

2012        Feb 10, A Russian military court convicted Lt. Col. Vladimir Nesterets of providing the CIA with secret information on Russia's new intercontinental ballistic missiles and sentenced him to 13 years in prison. The Federal Security Service said Nesterets pleaded guilty to passing on that classified information in exchange for money.
    (AP, 2/10/12)

2012        Feb 17, The FBI arrested Amine El Khalifi (29) of Morocco in Washington DC. He was charged by criminal complaint with attempting to use a weapon of mass destruction against US property. He had a MAC-10 automatic weapon and wore a suicide-bomber vest given to him by FBI undercover agents posing as accomplices in the sting operation. If convicted, he could receive a maximum sentence of life in prison.
    (SFC, 2/18/12, p.A12)

2012        Mar 6, Five members of Anonymous and Lulz Security were charged in an indictment unsealed in the US District Court for the Southern District of New York. They included 2 men from Britain, 2 from Ireland and an American. Hector Xavier Monsegur (28), who pleaded guilty in August, served as an FBI informant leading to the new charges.
    (AFP, 3/6/12)(SFC, 3/7/12, p.A7)

2012        Apr 26, US officials said the White House has given the CIA and the Pentagon broader authority to carry out drone strikes in Yemen against terrorists who imperil the US.
    (SFC, 4/27/12, p.A2)

2012        Apr 30, In Ohio 5 people, claiming to be anarchists, were arrested in Cleveland for trying to blow up a four-lane bridge across the Cuyahoga Valley National Park. The explosive devices were inoperable and controlled by an undercover FBI agent. On Sep 5 three of the men admitted their roles in the bomb scheme in a move to avoid life in prison. A 4th had pleaded guilty earlier. On Oct 7, 2013, Joshua Stafford (25), the last of the five defendants, was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7p5kn2k)(SFC, 9/6/12, p.A5)(SFC, 10/8/12, p.A5)

2012        Sep 10, Edwin Wilson (b.1928), former US spy and tycoon, died in Seattle. He had worked for the CIA but was arrested in 1982 for selling 20 tons of explosives to Libya. He was sentenced to 52 years in prison for smuggling arms and plotting to murder his wife. He served 22 years. The 1986 book “Manhunt” by Peter Maas was about Mr. Wilson.
    (SSFC, 9/23/12, p.C10)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.98)

2012        Sep 14, Undercover FBI agents arrested Adel Daoud (18) for trying to detonate what he believed was a car bomb outside a downtown Chicago bar. An undercover operation in which an agent pretending to be a terrorist had provided him with a phony car bomb and watched him press the trigger. Prosecutors the next day said Daoud was offered several chances to change his mind and walk away from the plot.
    (AP, 9/15/12)

2012        Oct 17, The FBI arrested 21-year-old Quazi Mohammad Rezwanul Ahsan Nafis, a banker’s son from Bangladesh, after he tried to detonate a fake 1,000-pound (454-kilogram) car bomb at the Federal Reserve Bank in NYC. On Feb 7, 2013, Nafis pleaded guilty to terrorism charges. On Aug 9, 2013, Nafis was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 10/18/12)(SFC, 2/8/13, p.A16)(SFC, 8/10/13, p.A4)

2012        Oct 24, FBI agents arrested NYC police Officer Gilberto Valle, a 6-year veteran, after they uncovered several of his plots to kidnap women, including one whom he threatened to cook and eat.
    (SFC, 10/26/12, p.A13)

2012        Nov 9, David Petraeus, the retired four-star general renowned for taking charge of the military campaigns in Iraq and then Afghanistan, abruptly resigned as director of the CIA, admitting to an extramarital affair. Petraeus carried on the affair with his biographer and reserve Army officer Paula Broadwell.
    (AP, 11/10/12)
2012        Nov 9, Mexican prosecutors charged 14 federal police officers with trying to kill two CIA agents and a Mexican navy captain in an August 24 ambush south of the capital.
    (AP, 11/9/12)

2012        Nov 22, In Mexico fugitive Jose Luis Saenz, one of the FBI’s 10 most wanted, was arrested in Guadalajara after a joint operation with the Mexican government. Saenz, suspected in 4 slayings, was returned to Los Angeles to face murder, kidnapping and rape charges.
    (SSFC, 11/25/12, p.A11)

2012        Nov 27, The Open Society Justice Initiative said four suspects in the Jul 11, 2010, bombings in Uganda claimed men who identified themselves as US FBI agents beat them up during questioning. Human rights groups have said Kenya and Tanzania circumvented their extradition laws to illegally deport suspects to Uganda where they could be interrogated at length by local and foreign agents without scrutiny.
    (AP, 11/27/12)

2012        Dec 10, Iran's Revolutionary Guard said it has decoded all of the data from a RQ-170 Sentinel craft, an advanced CIA spy drone captured in Dec 2011.
    (AP, 12/10/12)

2012        Dec 11, In Georgia Mohammad Abdul Rahman Abukhdair and Randy Wilson were charged with conspiring to kill persons or damage property outside the US. FBI agents arrested one at the Atlanta airport and the other at a bus station in Augusta.
    (SFC, 12/12/12, p.A5)

2012        Dec 13, The European Court of Human Rights ruled in favor of Khaled El-Masri, a German man, who says the CIA illegally kidnapped him and took him to a secret prison in Afghanistan in 2003. It said the government of Macedonia violated El-Masri's rights repeatedly and ordered it to pay €60,000 in damages.
    (AP, 12/13/12)

2012        Seth Rosenfeld authored “Subversives: The FBI’s War on Student Radicals, and Reagan’s Rise to Power.”
    (SSFC, 8/19/12, p.G1)
2012        Tim Weiner authored “Enemies: A History of the FBI.”
    (SSFC, 2/26/12, p.F3)

2013        Jan 4, Omar Hammami, an Alabama native who moved to Somalia to wage jihad alongside al-Shabab militants, was given 15 days to surrender to militants or be killed. The FBI has named Hammami as one of its most-wanted terrorists.
    (AP, 1/18/13)

2013        Jan 7, President Obama nominated former Nebraska Sen. Chuck Hagel for secretary of Defense and counterterrorism adviser John Brennan to head the Central Intelligence Agency.
    (AP, 1/7/13)

2013        Jan 22, US officials said the Pentagon has found that Gen. John Allen did not engage in inappropriate communications with Jill Kelley, a civilian woman linked to the sex scandal that led retired Gen. David Petraeus to resign as CIA director.
    (SFC, 1/23/13, p.A6)

2013        Jan 25, CIA veteran John Kiriakou was sentenced to 30 months in prison for leaking a covert officer’s identity to a reporter.
    (SFC, 1/26/13, p.A6)

2013        Jan, Iran arrested Slovak national  Matej Valuch (26) and accused him of spying for the US CIA. On Feb 8 Valuch was released and returned home.
    (AP, 2/8/13)

2013        Feb 1, In Italy a Milan appeals court vacated acquittals for a former CIA station chief and two other Americans, and instead convicted them in the 2003 abduction of an Egyptian terror suspect from a Milan street as part of the CIA's extraordinary rendition program. The court sentenced former CIA Rome station chief Jeffrey Castelli to seven years, and handed sentences of six years each to Americans Betnie Medero and Ralph Russomando. All three were tried in absentia at both levels.
    (AP, 2/1/13)

2013        Feb 12, A Milan appeals court convicted two former Italian spy chiefs for their role in the kidnapping of a terror suspect as part of the CIA's extraordinary rendition program. The court sentenced Nicolo Pollari, the former head of Italian military intelligence, to 10 years, and Marco Mancini, a former deputy and head of counterintelligence, to nine. Three other Italian agents also were convicted and handed six-year sentences. All the convictions can be appealed.
    (AP, 2/12/13)

2013        Feb 27, In Ireland Ali Charaf Damache (47) was arrested while leaving a courthouse in Waterford. He had just walked free from the court, after three years in prison when detectives acting on an American extradition warrant rearrested and escorted him, handcuffed, to an unmarked police car. The FBI and US Justice Department accuse Damache of being the ringleader behind an unrealized 2009 conspiracy to target artist Lars Vilks in Sweden over his series of drawings depicting the Muslim prophet Muhammad as a dog.
    (AP, 2/27/13)

2013        Feb 28, Sulaiman Abu Ghaith, the son-in-law of Osama bin Laden, was captured by the FBI in Jordan as he was being deported to Kuwait from Turkey. On March 9 he pleaded not guilty in federal court in NY to conspiring to kill Americans.
    (SFC, 2/9/13, p.A5)

2013        Mar 27, Eric Harroun of Phoenix, Az., was arrested upon returning to the US from Turkey, where he had described to FBI agents his bizarre journey to the front lines of Syria's civil war with fighters from the al-Nusra Front, a designated terrorist organization also referred to as al Qaeda in Iraq. Harroun served in the US Army from 2000 to 2003.
    (AP, 3/29/13)

2013        Apr 5, Italy's Pres. Giorgio Napolitano pardoned Joseph Romano, a US Air Force colonel, convicted in absentia by Italian courts in the CIA-conducted abduction of an Egyptian terror suspect from a Milan street. He hoped the move would keep American-Italian relations strong, especially on security matters.
    (AP, 4/5/13)

2013        Apr 16, A letter was intercepted in Maryland, postmarked from Memphis and mailed to Mississippi Republican Sen. Roger Wicker's DC office. It contained the toxic substance ricin, forcing the temporary closure of a Senate post office and prompting a federal investigation. The next day FBI agents detained Paul Kevin Curtis at his home in Corinth, Miss.
    (The Ticket, 4/17/13)

2013        Apr 19, Federal agents swarmed Watertown, Mass., after local police were involved in a car chase and shootout with 2 men identified by the FBI as Suspect 1 and Suspect 2 in the April 15 Boston bombings. The shootout occurred after a gunfight erupted near the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where MIT police officer, Sean Collier (26), was shot and later died. Suspect 1, identified as Tamerlan Tsarnaev (26), was killed in the shootout. Suspect 2, identified as Dzhokhar A. Tsarnaev (19), a second-year student, was wounded but escaped. He was soon found hiding under a boat tarp in a neighborhood backyard. The brothers' family was originally from Chechnya.
    (AP, 4/19/13)(AP, 4/20/13)

2013        Apr 27, The FBI arrested Everett Dutschke (41) at his Tupelo, Miss., home in connection with poisoned letters sent to the president and others.
    (AP, 4/27/13)

2013        Apr 28, A New York Times report, citing current and former advisers to Afghan Pres. Karzai, said tens of millions of US dollars in cash were delivered by the CIA in suitcases, backpacks and plastic shopping bags to the office of Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai for more than a decade.
    (Reuters, 4/28/13)

2013        May 14, Russia's security services said they have caught a US diplomat who they claim is a CIA agent in a red-handed attempt to recruit a Russian agent. Ryan Fogle, a third secretary at the US Embassy in Moscow, was carrying special technical equipment, disguises, written instructions and a large sum of money when he was detained overnight.
    (AP, 5/14/13)

2013        May 17, Two FBI agents were killed in a training accident off the coast of Virginia Beach, Va.
    (SFC, 5/20/13, p.A4)

2013        May 18, Arkansas Treasurer Martha Shoffner was arrested in an FBI sting operation. She accused of taking at least $36,000 from a broker who later came to manage a large share of the state’s $3.3 billion stock and bond portfolio.
    (SFC, 5/21/13, p.A5)(SFC, 5/22/13, p.A5)

2013        May 22, In Florida Ibragim Todashev was shot dead by an FBI agent in Orlando early today as he was "about to sign a statement" admitting to a role, along with Boston Marathon bombing suspect Tamerlan Tsarnaev, in an unsolved triple murder in Massachusetts on Sep 11, 2011. Todashev and Tamerlan Tsarnaev both fought mixed martial arts in the name of Boston's Wai Kru gym, where one of the 2011 triple murder victims, Brendan Mess, also trained.
    (ABCNews, 5/22/13)

2013        Jun 9, Britain’s Guardian newspaper said that Edward Snowden (29), a contractor who says he worked at the National Security Agency and the Central Intelligence Agency, is the source of leaks about a phone records monitoring program and an Internet scouring program called PRISM. Snowden was working in an NSA office in Hawaii until he left for Hong Kong on May 20.
    (AP, 6/10/13)(Econ, 6/15/13, p.11)

2013        Jul 17, Robert Seldon Lady (59), a former CIA base chief convicted in the 2003 abduction of a terror suspect from an Italian street, was detained in Panama after Italy requested his arrest in one of the most notorious episodes of the US program known as extraordinary rendition. After barely a day in detention, he was put on a plane to the US by the Panamanian government.
    (AP, 7/18/13)(AP, 7/19/13)

2013        Jul 29, US officials said the FBI has arrested 150 people across the country on charges of holding children against their will for prostitution in a three-day weekend sweep. Officials called this the largest-ever operation against child sex-trafficking.
    (Reuters, 7/29/13)

2013        Aug 10, US FBI agents killed James Lee DiMaggio (40) in the Idaho wilderness. He was suspected of killing a California woman Christina Anderson (44) and her young son a week earlier before fleeing with her daughter, Hannah Anderson (16).
    (SSFC, 8/11/13, p.A10)

2013        Aug 15, A CIA history was released that referred to Area 51 in Nevada by name and described some of the activities that took place there.
    (SFC, 8/17/13, p.A5)

2013        Oct 2, FBI agents in San Francisco arrested Ross William Ulbricht (29) at the Glen Park library and accused him of being the “Dread Prince Roberts,” the once-anonymous mastermind behind an online drug marketplace known as Silk Road. Ulbricht used Bitcoin virtual currency for transactions and was indicted in Manhattan on Feb 4, 2014.
    (SFC, 10/3/13, p.A1)(SFC, 2/5/14, p.A8)

2013        Oct 22, Amnesty International called on the US to investigate reports of civilians killed and wounded by CIA drone strikes in Pakistan in a report that provided new details about the alleged victims of the attacks, including a 68-year-old grandmother hit on Oct 24, 2012, while farming with her grandchildren.
    (AP, 10/22/13)

2013        Nov 14, Donald Sachtleben (55), a former FBI agent, was sentenced to more than three years in prison for disclosing confidential national security information about a foiled bomb plot to an Associated Press reporter. He had worked for the FBI from 1983 until 2008 as a bomb technician and, after his retirement, was hired as a security contractor.
    (AFP, 11/14/13)

2013        Mark Mazzetti authored “The Way of the Knife: The CIA, a Secret Army, and a War at the Ends of the Earth.
    (SSFC, 4/14/13, p.F1)

2014        Jan 8, Seventeen people related to the San Diego street gang BMS were arrested in California and New Jersey by police and FBI agents for operating a prostitution ring that spanned 46 cities in 23 states.
    (SFC, 1/10/14, p.A5)

2014        Mar 11, Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., the head of the Senate Intelligence Committee, said the CIA improperly searched a stand-alone computer network established for Congress in its investigation of allegations of CIA abuse in a Bush-era detention and interrogation program. She said the CIA's own inspector general has referred the matter to the Justice Department.
    (AP, 3/11/14)

2014        Mar 26, In California state Sen. Leland Yee was arrested in an FBI sting on charges that he conspired to traffic in firearms and traded favors in Sacramento for bribes. Yee represented half of San Francisco and most of San Mateo County. Yee was one of 26 people ensnared in a 5-year federal investigation that targeted Raymond “Shrimp Boy” Chow, a Chinatown gangster who had claimed to have gone straight.
    (SFC, 3/27/14, p.A1)

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