Gay History - Lesbians - Transgender Timeline

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1730        Jul 21, States of Holland put a death penalty on "sodomy."
    (MC, 7/21/02)

1805        Louisiana passed legislation against sodomy. The law was upheld in 2002.
    (SFC, 11/23/02, p.A5)

1810        May 21, Charles Chevalier d'Eon de Beaumont (81), French spy, cross dresser, died.
    (MC, 5/21/02)

1825        Karl Heinrich (d.1895), later considered as the 1st gay activist, was born. In 2002 Roberto Massari, Italian publisher, dedicated a new wine, Rosso Gayardo, to him.
    (SFC, 1/30/03, p.D6)

1850        California passed anti-sodomy legislation in its “crime against nature" law.
    (SSFC, 5/11/08, Books p.4)

1861        British colonial rulers framed an anti-homosexuality law for India.
    (Reuters, 7/7/06)

1864        Jamaican law banned sex relations between men.
    (SFC, 8/30/14, p.A2)

1867        Lawyer and civil servant Heinrich Ulrichs addressed the Association of German Jurists calling for a repeal of antisodomy laws.
    (SSFC, 11/16/14, p.P2)

1871        Germany codified its antisodomy laws under “Paragraph 175" of the penal code.
    (SSFC, 11/16/14, p.P2)

1885        In Germany Berlin police Commissioner Leopold von Meerscheidt-Hullessem created the police Dept. of Homosexuals to prosecute cases under Paragraph 175.
    (SSFC, 11/16/14, p.P2)

1889        In San Francisco the Russian Orthodox Church and episcopal complex at 1713-15 Powell burned down. Some parishioners suspected that Bishop Vladimir had burned it down for insurance money. The bishop accused nihilists that included Dr. Russel, vice-president of the Greco-Russian-Slavonian Benevolent Society. Russel accused the bishop of being a pederast but prosecutors refused to pursue the case. In 1997 Terence Emmons authored “Alleged Sex and Threatened Violence: Doctor Russel, Bishop Vladimir, and the Russians in San Francisco, 1887-1892."
    (SFC, 4/19/14, p.C2)

1894        French poet Pierre Louys (1870-1925) authored “The Songs of Bilitis" (1894) a book of lesbian love poetry.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Songs_of_Bilitis)

1897        In Germany Dr. Magnus Hirschfeld founded the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee (SHC) to study homosexuality and help win support for gay rights.
    (SSFC, 11/16/14, p.P2)

1904        Aug 10, Dutch newspaper Volk fired gay journalist Jacob de Cock.
    (MC, 8/10/02)

1906        The 1st gay periodical "Der Eigene" was published.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, DB p.66)

1908        San Francisco's 1st drag bar opened.
    (SFC, 11/21/03, p.A1)

1909        Jan 15, In San Francisco police arrested Miss Frances Smith, attired in a jaunty sailor costume, and Miss May Burke as they strolled down Montgomery street. Smith was charged with masquerading in male attire and Burke was charged with vagrancy.
    (SSFC, 1/10/10, DB p.42)

1909        California legalized the sterilization of convicted sodomites.
    (SSFC, 5/11/08, Books p.4)

1911        Jan 10, Rear Admiral Buttervant Barry (1849-1938), commander in chief of the US Pacific fleet, was discovered in his quarters on the flagship West Virginia engaged in a liaison with a cabin boy. Admiral Barry, in lieu of resigning or suicide, retired on Jan 13.
    (SSFC, 1/9/11, DB p.42)(www.arlingtoncemetery.net/ebbarry.htm)

1915        California expanded the definition of sodomy to include fellatio and cunnilingus.
    (SSFC, 5/11/08, Books p.4)

1926        May 30, Christine Jorgensen, pioneer transsexual, was born.
    (MC, 5/30/02)

1928        Radclyffe Hall (b.1880-1943) published "The Well of Loneliness," a novel intended as a cry about the plight of "congenital inverts," her term for lesbians. A Bow Street magistrate declared the novel to be obscene. It caused a big stir in England and a trial for obscenity. In 1999 Diana Souhami published "The Trials of Radclyffe Hall."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radclyffe_Hall)(SFEC, 8/8/99, BR p.1)(SFC, 7/14/06, p.A2)

1933        Charles Henri Ford (d.2002 at 94) authored "The Young and Evil," considered by some to be the 1st gay novel. It was based on Ford’s adventures in Greenwich Village and was banned in the US until the 1960s.
    (SFC, 10/1/02, p.A18)
1933        The Black Cat Café, a San Francisco Tenderloin bar driven out of business in 1921, reopened at 710 Montgomery under Charles Ridley, the same manager who had run the original. In 1945 it was sold to Sol Stouman and began to attract a clientele of homosexuals. In 1947 Jose Sarria (1922-2013) began hanging out there and gained a reputation for performing female impersonations. In 1998 Michael R. Gorman authored “The Empress Is a Man: Stories from the Life of Jose Sarria."
    (SFC, 11/8/14, p.C1)

1936        British authorities banned homosexual acts in Palestine.
    (AP, 6/12/15)

1940        Jul 31, Reich's Kommissar Seyss-Inquart banned homosexuals.
    (MC, 7/31/02)

1943        Radclyffe Hall (b.1880), English author of the lesbian classic "The Well of Loneliness" (1928), died. The book was the subject of an obscenity trial in Britain which resulted in all copies being ordered destroyed.
    (AP, 9/29/09)

1948        Axel Axgil (1915-2011), born Axel Lundahl-Madsen, was among the founding members of gay rights group LGBT Danmark.
    (AP, 10/30/11)

1950        Rules for discharging US homosexual service members were established in the Uniform Code of Military Service and signed by Pres. Harry Truman.
    (SFC, 12/23/10, p.A8)

1950        The Mattachine Society, the first openly gay organization in the US, was founded in Los Angeles. Henry Hay (d.2002 at 90) was one of the original founders and won the 1999 vote to serve as grand marshal for the SF Pride Parade. In 1990 Stuart Timmons authored the biography "The Trouble with Harry Hay."
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, DB p.35)(SFC, 10/25/02, p.A21)

1951        California’s high court ruled in Stoumen vs. Reilly on behalf of San Francisco’s Black Cat café and against the Board of Equalizaiton declaring that gays were entitled to gather in public.
    (SFC, 11/15/14, p.C2)
1951        Jordan banned homosexual acts.
    (AP, 6/12/15)   

1953        Apr 27, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed Executive Order 10450: Security Requirements for Government Employment. The order listed "sexual perversion" as a condition for firing a federal employee and for denying employment to potential applicants. Homosexuality, moral perversion, and communism were categorized as national security threats; the issue of homosexual federal workers had become a dire federal personnel policy concern.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3bblwc)

1954        Jun 7, Alan Turing (b.1912), English mathematician, died of suicide. Turing, a homosexual, was convicted in 1952 of gross indecency and forced to take estrogen injections. In 2006 David Leavitt authored "The Man Who Knew Too Much: Alan Turing and the Invention of the Computer. In 2009 British PM Gordon Brown apologized for the "inhumane" treatment of Alan Turing.
    (www.turing.org.uk/turing/)Econ, 7/8/06, p.79)(AP, 9/11/09)

1955        Oct, Del Martin (1921-2008), Phyllis Lyon and 6 other SF women founded the Daughters of Bilitis, the 1st national lesbian organization. It was named after “The Songs of Bilitis" (1894) a book of lesbian love poetry by French poet Pierre Louys.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daughters_of_Bilitis)(SFC, 6/23/00, p.A26)(SFC, 8/28/08, p.A1)

1956        San Francisco’s Alcohol Beverage Control Board convened a hearing at which agents testified that that patrons of the Black Cat café had solicitid them after which the board revoked its liquor license.
    (SFC, 11/15/14, p.C2)

1961        Sep 14, SF vice squad stage an early morning raid at the Tay-Bush Inn, a restaurant at Bush and Taylor, and jailed 103 people. All but 14 were men accused of dancing together and kissing. Of 242 patrons 139 escaped. Police arrested 103 of an estimated 242 patrons in the “biggest action of its kind." Charges against all but 2 of those arrested were later dropped (1st source says August 14).
    (SSFC, 8/14/11, DB p.42)(SFC, 6/21/13, p.C3)

1962        In San Francisco Bernard Mayes (1929-2014), a gay British Episcopal worker-priest priest and founding station manager of KQED, started the first suicide hotline in the US.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Mayes)(SFC, 10/29/14, p.E11)

1963        Ocr 31, In San Francisco the Black Cat café, located in the Canessa Building at 708-710 Montgomery St., closed down for the last time as the state Supreme Court refused to hear its case and lower courts refused to reinstate its liquor license because it catered to homosexuals.
    (SFC, 11/15/14, p.C2)

1965        Jose Sarria became the 1st openly gay person to run for public office in the US. He received 5,600 votes in his run for SF supervisor.
    (SFC, 2/21/05, p.B5)
1965        Jose Sarria founded The San Francisco Imperial Court, the oldest SF gay organization. He proclaimed himself Empress Jose I, widow of Emperor Joshua Norton (d.1880).
    (SFEM,10/19/97, DB p.32)

1965        Dr. Judd Marmor (d.2003 at 93) authored "Sexual Inversion." It questioned the prevailing views on homosexuality.
    (SFC, 12/18/03, p.A25)

1967        The British Sexual Offenses Act partially decriminalized sexual behavior between consenting males over 21. Elements of the indecency legislation remained in place until 2003, including anti-gay restrictions relating to the age of consent, the military, and sex under various circumstances. The event was later described in the film: "A Bill Called William." The age of consent for homosexual acts was reduced to 16 in 1998.
    (SFEC, 6/15/97, DB p.49)(SFC, 6/23/98, p.A10)(AP, 1/16/13)

1968        Apr 14, The gay-themed play, "The Boys in the Band" by Mart Crowley, opened off Broadway at Theater Four and set a new genre. A film version was released in 1970.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Boys_in_the_Band)(AP, 4/14/08)(WSJ, 8/28/96, p.A10)

1968        Quentin Crisp (1908-1999), English gay writer born as Denis Pratt, authored his autobiography: "The Naked Civil Servant." In 1975 The Naked Civil Servant was broadcast on British and American television and made both actor John Hurt and Crisp himself into stars.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quentin_Crisp)(SFC, 11/22/99, p.C4)(WSJ, 7/14/00, p.W11)

1969        Jun 28, In the early hours 8 police officers raided the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York City's Greenwich Village. Police raided the bar because it had refused to pay an increase in bribery. This led to a clash in what came to be called The Stonewall Rebellion, an incident considered the birth of the homosexual rights movement. Some 400 to 1,000 patrons rioted against police for 3 days The event was described by gay historian Martin Duberman in his book “Stonewall" (1993).
    (SFEC, 7/21/96, DB p.32)(AP, 6/27/97)(AP, 6/27/08)(SFC, 6/22/09, p.E1)(SFC, 6/26/09, p.F3)

1971        Mar 10, In France a group of homosexuals of both sexes disrupted a live general public radio show, devoted to “Homosexuality, that painful problem," and put the newly-born gay movement on the French political map.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5hafjv)

1971        In San Francisco Chuck Holmes (1945-2000) founded Falcon Studios. His pioneering movies later enshrined him in the history of adult entertainment as the “godfather of gay porn."
    (SSFC, 6/21/15, p.C10)
1971        The Bay Area Reporter (B.A.R.), a gay community publication, was begun by Bob Ross (d.2003 at 69) and Paul Bentley.
    (SFC, 12/12/03, p.A29)

1972        Apr 24, Natalie Clifford Barney (b.1876), lesbian writer and US expatriate, died in Paris. In 2002 Suzanne Rodriguez authored "Wild Heart, A Life: Natalie Clifford Barney’s Journey From Victorian America to the Literary Salons of Paris."
    (SSFC, 10/27/02, p.M6)(www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7157)

1972        The film "Elevator Girls in Bondage" was written and directed by Michael Kalmen (d.2003) and featured the SF drag troupe the Cockettes.
    (SFC, 7/15/03, p.A18)

1972        Walter C. Righter, an Episcopal Bishop, broke a tie and voted in favor of ordaining women in the Episcopal Church. In 1998 he published "A Pilgrim’s Way: The Personal Story of the Episcopal Bishop Charged with Heresy for Ordaining a Gay Man Who Was in a Committed Relationship."
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, BR p.9)(http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1282/is_n9_v50/ai_n27531797)

1972-1974    Some 20,000 gay people moved to San Francisco during this period.
    (SFC, 11/21/03, p.A1)

1973        Mar 26, Noel Coward (b.1899), English gay playwright, died. He was called "The Master" and his work included "The Vortex," "Hay Fever," "Private Lives," "Brief Encounter" and "Blithe Spirit." In 1970 he was given knighthood. "Noel Coward: A Biography" by Philip Hoare was published in 1996. Another biography, "A Talent to Amuse" by Sheridan Morley, published in 1974, was recommended. In 2007 Barry Day edited “The Letters of Noel Coward."
    (WSJ, 8/15/96, p.A10)(SFEC, 8/25/96, BR p.9)(WSJ, 11/10/07, p.W8)

1973        Jul 1, Maryland declared that only a marriage between a man and a woman is valid in the state.
    (SFC, 9/19/07, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/5ygqvd)

1973        Montana initiated a ban on homosexual sex.
    (SFC, 7/3/97, p.A3)

1974        Jan 13, Salvador Novo (b.1904), gay Mexican writer, poet and official chronicler of Mexico City, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvador_Novo)

1974        Dec, Allan Spear (1937-2008), Minnesota state senator, announced that he was gay, becoming only one of two openly gay legislators in the country.
    (SFC, 10/14/08, p.B5)

1974        This year's edition of the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (DSM), 1st published in 1952, removed homosexuality from its list of disorders.
    (WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A1)(SFC, 12/18/03, p.A25)

1975        Jul 3, The US Civil Service Commission adopted new suitability regulations devoid of the previous language about "immoral" conduct or "sexual perversion." This voided Pres. Eisenhower’s 1953 executive order on firing gays.
    (www.fedglobe.org/news/12now_history.html)

1975        Oct 22, Matlovich, who appeared in his Air Force uniform on the cover of Time magazine, challenged the ban against homosexuals in the US military. He was given a "general" discharge by the Air Force after publicly declaring his homosexuality. NBC subsequently made a TV movie of his story. His suit dragged on until 1980 when a federal judge ordered Matlovich reinstated. Instead of re-entering the Air Force, Matlovich accepted a settlement of $160,000. Matlovich became a gay rights activist and dies of AIDS in 1988."
    (MC, 10/22/01)(www.glinn.com/news/tline5.htm)

1975        John Embry (d.2010 at 83) founded Drummer, a gay leather lifestyle magazine, and ran it until 1986. In 1986 Tony DeBlase and partner Dr. Andrew Charles moved from Chicago to San Francisco and purchased the Drummer family of magazines from Alternate Publishing.
    (SFC, 11/16/10, p.C4)(www.leatherarchives.org/exhibits/deblase/drummer/drum.htm)
1975        Clela Rorex, Boulder, Colo., county clerk, allowed 6 same-sex couples to wed after changing the license application to read "person" rather than "male" and "female."
    (SFC, 2/14/04, p.A1)

1976        May 24, The SF Chronicle published the 1st installment of "Tales of the City" by Armistead Maupin.
    (SFC, 5/1/01, p.A1)(www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/01/27/sunday/main3756171.shtml)

1976        Aug 27, Transsexual Renee Richards was barred from competing in US Tennis Open  in Forest Hills, NY.
    (www.nytimes.com/packages/html/sports/year_in_sports/08.27.html)

1977        Jun 7, Anita Bryant led a successful crusade against Miami gay rights law.
    (http://thecastro.net/parade/parade/parade.html)

1977        Jun 8, Some 5,000 marched through downtown to protests an anti-gay rights vote in Miami. Voters in Dade County had repealed a gay-rights ordnance.
    (SFC, 6/8/02, p.G8)

1978        Jun 25, Some 240,000 people took part in the 7th SF Gay Freedom Parade.
    (SFC, 6/20/03, p.E2)

1978        Aug 20, The Castro Village held its 5th annual street fair for an estimated 20,000 people.
    (SFC, 8/15/03, p.E9)

1978        Oct 22, In SF Episcopal priest William Barcus III revealed his homosexuality before a supportive congregation at the Church of Saint Mary the Virgin on Union Street during a sermon criticizing Proposition 6, the Briggs Initiative.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.E9)

1978        Nov 8, Jerry Brown was re-elected as governor of California. Republican Mike Curb was elected Lt. Gov. State voters rejected restrictions on gay and lesbian teachers in the 1st state-wide plebiscite on such an issue.
    (SFC, 11/7/03, p.E3)

1978        Arthur Evans (1942-2011) authored “witchcraft and the Gay Counterculture." It traced homophobic attitudes to the Middle Ages.
    (SFC, 10/1/11, p.C4)
1978        Dr. Fritz Klein (1933-2006), Austrian-born American researcher in bisexuality, published his Klein Grid, an expansion of the Kinsey Scale that measures human sexuality.
    (SFC, 6/1/06, p.B7)

1979        Mar 31, A bachelor party involving several young SF police officers ended in a scrap when drunken revelers invaded a lesbian bar called Peg's Place on Geary.
    (SFC, 3/26/04, p.F5)

1979        Apr 9, Some 300 lesbians and gay men competed with 6,500 other applicants for 600 SF police jobs. There were no openly gays officers at the time.
    (SFC, 4/9/04, p.F10)

1979        Jun 24, An estimated 300,000 people attended the 8th annual SF Gay Freedom Day Parade with about 80,000 in the procession.
    (SFC, 6/18/04, p.F2)

1979        Aug 3, INS inspectors at the SF Int’l. Airport stopped 2 male Mexican nationals because their bags contained cosmetics. The INS soon issued a new directive temporarily halting its agents from turning back foreign visitors suspected of being homosexuals.
    (SFC, 8/13/04, p.F4)

1979        Oct 14, In Washington, DC, some 100,000 gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and supporters marched in celebration of gay pride and demanded equal rights for homosexuals under the law.
    (SFC, 10/15/04, p.F13)

1980        Jun 27, The San Francisco 133rd Police Academy graduating class included 2 gay men.
    (SFC, 6/24/05, p.F7)

1980-1990    Herbert Baumeister (1947-1996), an Indianapolis businessman, killed 16 men, most of them gay, and dumped them in the woods behind his home and along rural roads in Indiana and Ohio. Baumeister committed suicide in Canada at age 49.
    (www.mayhem.net/Crime/morg9804.html)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herb_Baumeister)

1981        Aug 28, The US national Centers for Disease Control, noting a high incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma and pneumocystis in homosexual men, announced a medical task force had been formed to find out why. It was later determined the increased number of illnesses was caused by AIDS.
    (AP, 8/28/01)

1981        Vito Russo (1946-1990), gay activist, authored “The Celluloid Closet" in which he decoded Hollywood films for queer content. A film version, released in 1996, was made by Rob Epstein and Jeffrey Friedman.
    (SFC, 10/15/04, p.F1)(SSFC, 7/10/11, p.G5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vito_Russo)

1981        Alan P. Bell (d.2002) led a Kinsey study that suggested that homosexuals are born with that predisposition and not influenced by traumatic experiences during childhood development.
    (SFC, 5/28/02, p.A18)

1981        Larry Kramer helped found the Gay Men’s Health Crises in NYC. He later split with the group and founded ACT UP (1987) to press for a more forceful response to AIDS. His work included the novel "Faggots" (1978) and the play The Normal Heart."
    (SFC, 7/10/97, p.A10)

1982        Pres. Reagan in a defense directive said “homosexuality is incompatible with military service." Under the declaration service members who said they were gay or engaged in homosexual acts were discharged.
    (SFC, 12/23/10, p.A8)

1984        Jun 24, In San Francisco the 12th annual Lesbian/Gay Freedom Parade drew an estimated 300,000 observers and participants.
    (SSFC, 6/21/09, DB p.50)

1984        Aug 31, San Francisco 19 plainclothes police officers raided Lord Jim’s bar at 1500 Broadway and arrested the owner. Patrons and employees were detained for up to 90 minutes as police checked for warrants. Attorney William Barfield, one of those detained, later filed 5 of six damage claims totaling 375,000 against the city. Proposed settlements in 1988 included $63,500 for a dozen people in the first batch of lawsuits.
    (SSFC, 9/20/09, DB p.50)(SSFC, 10/13/12, DB p.46)

1984        Susie Bright began editing “On Our Backs," the first lesbian erotica magazine. She had helped found the project and continued editing the magazine to 1991.
    (SSFC, 3/27/11, p.G1)

1984        The US Methodist General Conference passed a ban on “self-avowed practicing homosexuals."
    (SFC, 12/27/04, p.A3)

1985        Apr 21, The Public Theater staged Larry Kramer’s play about AIDS: “The Normal Heart." In 2011 the show made its debut on Broadway.
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.92)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Normal_Heart)

1985        Willie Walker (1949-2004) helped found the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 10/22/04, p.B7)

1986        Jun 30, The Supreme Court, in Bowers v. Hardwick, ruled 5-4 that states could outlaw homosexual acts between consenting adults. This upheld a Georgia law against sodomy. However, the nation's highest court effectively reversed this decision in 2003 in Lawrence v. Texas.
    (Econ, 4/3/04, p.87)(AP, 6/30/07)

1986        Richard Plant (d.1998) wrote "The Pink Triangle: The Nazi War Against Homosexuals."
    (www.holocaust-trc.org/homosx.htm)

1986        The film “Desert Hearts" was adopted from the Jane Rule novel “Desert of the Heart." It was the story of 2 women falling in love. The screenplay was by Natalie Cooper (d.2004).
    (SFC, 10/28/04, p.B7)

1986        Mike Bowers, Attorney-General of Georgia, successfully defended the state’s anti-sodomy law before the US Supreme Court.
    (SFC, 6/6/97, p.A14)

1987        May 5, In San Francisco the 21st Street Baths at 3244 21st St. turned off its steam room and shut down its adult movie theater in response to the AIDS epidemic. The building was razed in 1996.
    (SSFC, 5/13/12, p.42)(http://tinyurl.com/77xoonh)

1987        Aug 24, Bayard Rustin (b.1912), gay civil rights activist, died of cardiac arrest. In 2003 a documentary of his life by Nancy Kates: "Brother Outsider: The Life of Bayard Rustin," was aired on PBS TV. He was the chief architect of the 1963 march on Washington. In 2003 John D'Emilio authored "Lost Prophet: The Life and Times of Bayard Rustin."
    (SFC, 1/16/03, p.E1)(SSFC, 8/31/03, p.M3)

1987        Sep 16, Pope John Paul II visited San Francisco and drew the largest protests of his US tour as homosexuals, feminists and Jews protested outside Mission Dolores Basilica.
    {San Francisco, Vatican, Gays}
    (SSFC, 9/16/12, DB p.46)

1988        Feb 10, A 3-judge panel of the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco struck down the Army's ban on homosexuals, saying gays were entitled to the same protection against discrimination as racial minorities. The ruling was later set aside by the full appeals court.
    (AP, 2/10/97)

1988        Mar 7, Divine, [Harris Milstead], female impersonator (Pink Flamingos), died.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1988        Alan Hollinghurst authored his 1st novel, “The Swimming Pool Library." Edmund White later described it as the best book about gay life yet written by an English author.
    (Econ, 4/17/04, p.82)

1988        Israel repealed its anti-sodomy laws. The laws had not been enforced for 30 years.
    (www.tau.ac.il/law/aeyalgross/Danilowitz.htm)

1989        May 3, Christine Jorgensen (b.1926), Denmark-born 1st transsexual (1952), died in California. Her book “Christine Jorgensen: A Personal Autobiography" was published in 1967, and its film adaptation was released in 1970 as The Christine Jorgensen Story.
    (www.glbtq.com/arts/jorgensen_c.html)

1989        May 26, Danish parliament allowed legal marriage among homosexuals.
    (www.wayoflife.org/fbns/pushing.htm)

1989        Oct 1, In Copenhagen, Denmark, 11 homosexual couples were married. It was the first time any country allowed such marriages.
    (SFC, 5/26/96, Z1 p.6)(SFC, 12/12/98, p.B3)

1990        Feb 8, CBS television temporarily suspended Andy Rooney for his anti-gay and anti-black remarks in a gay magazine interview.
    (HN, 2/8/99)(MC, 2/8/02)

1990        Eric Orner debuted his comic strip “The Mostly Unfabulous Life of Ethan Green" in a gay community paper in Boston. In 2015 the strip was compiled in “The Completely Unfabulous Social Life of Ethan Green."
    (SFC, 3/28/15, p.E1)
1990        Prof. Theodore Sarbin (1911-2005) of UC Berkeley co-wrote the report “Gays in Uniform: The Pentagon’s Secret Reports." The report prompted Pres. Clinton’s policy of “don’t ask, don’t tell."
    (SFC, 9/3/05, p.B4)
1990        Episcopal Bishop Walter Righter of Iowa ordained Rev. Barry Stopfel, who publicly proclaimed his long-term gay relationship with a lover. The Bishop was later charged with heresy under a 1979 church resolution and then acquitted.
    (SFC, 5/16/96, p.A-11)
1990        The National Lesbian & Gay Journalists Association (NLGJA) was founded by Leroy Aarons (d.2004) and 6 other journalists in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 9/4/10, p.E2)
1990        Rainaldo Arenas (b.1943), gay writer, took his own life in the US after suffering from AIDS. He left Cuba during the 1980 Mariel boatlift. His books included "Before Night Falls" (1993) and "The Color of Summer" the 4th of 5 called the "Pentagonia" a "secret history of Cuba." In 2000 the film version of Before Night Falls was directed by Julian Schnabel
    (SFEC, 7/30/00, BR p.4)(SSFC, 12/17/00, DB p.49)
1990        In Russia the Moscow Union of Lesbians and Gays was founded.
    (SFC, 6/23/96, BR, p.6)

1991        Jun 4, Lesbian priest Elizabeth Carl was ordained in Episcopal Church.
    (MC, 6/4/02)

1992        Sarah Pettit (25) cofounded Out magazine. Pettit died Jan 22, 2003. Out was sold to LPI in 2000.
    (SFC, 1/23/03, p.A18)
1992        US Pres. candidate Bill Clinton promised to lift the ban against homosexual military service members.
    (SFC, 12/23/10, p.A8)

1993        Apr 14, A U.S. government-funded study said that of 3,321 men surveyed, only 1.1 percent identified themselves as exclusively homosexual, a finding disputed by gay activists.
    (AP, 4/14/98)

1993        Apr 16, President Clinton received gay and lesbian activists in the Oval Office for a one-hour meeting.
    (AP, 4/16/98)

1993        Apr 25, Hundreds of thousands of gay rights activists and their supporters marched in Washington, D.C., demanding equal rights and freedom from discrimination.
    (AP, 4/25/98)

1993        May 3, American sailor Terry M. Helvey confessed to stomping to death Allen Schindler, a homosexual shipmate, but told his court-martial in Japan that he was drunk and did not plan the killing. Helvey was later sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 5/3/98)

1993        May 11, The Senate Armed Services Committee heard emotional testimony from Marine Col. Fred Peck, who affirmed his love for his homosexual son, Scott, while reiterating his opposition to lifting the ban on openly gay servicemen.
    (AP, 5/11/98)

1993        Jul 19, President Clinton announced a compromise allowing homosexuals to serve in the military, but only if they refrained from all homosexual activity, under a compromise dubbed "don't ask, don't tell, don't pursue."
    (HN, 7/19/98)(AP, 7/19/08)

1993        Dec 31, Samuel Morris Steward (b.1909), also known by the pen name Phil Andros, died. He was a novelist and tattoo artist later based in Oakland, California. His “Stud File" ran to more than 4,600 encounters with over 800 men. In 2010 Justin Spring authored “Secret Historian: The Life and Times of Samuel Steward, Professor, Tattoo Artist, and Sexual Renegade."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phil_Andros)(SSFC, 8/22/10, p.F1)(Econ, 8/14/10, p.70)

1993        Rev. Eugene Lumpkin, a member of the SF Human Rights Commission, spoke against the homosexual lifestyle and quoted scripture that it was abomination against God. He later stated in a TV interview he agreed with a biblical statement that "a man who sleeps with a man should be put to death." Mayor Jordan quickly fire Rev. Lumpkin from the HRC. Lumpkin filed suit on the basis of freedom of speech and religion but his case was lost.
    (SFC, 12/2/97, p.A16)
1993        Tel Aviv began hosting an annual gay pride parade.
    (SFC, 6/8/02, p.A12)
1993        Norway legalized gay marriages.
    (SFC, 6/28/96, p.A14)

1994        Feb 20, Pope John Paul II demanded juristic discrimination of homosexuals.
    (MC, 2/20/02)

1994        Jun 26, Hundreds of thousands of homosexuals gathered in New York City to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Stonewall Inn riot, considered the birth of the gay-rights movement.
    (AP, 6/26/99)

1994        Aug 20, Archbishop Quarracino wanted all homosexuals to leave Argentina.
    (MC, 8/20/02)

1995        Sweden granted registered partnership becoming the third country to legally recognize same-sex unions, after Denmark and Norway.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Same-sex_marriage_in_Sweden)   

1996        Mar 27, The Gay’s Hill Baptist Church in Millen, Ga., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)

1996        Apr 14, "A History of Queer Culture in the San Francisco Bay Area" by Susan Stryker and Jim Van Buskirk was reviewed.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, BR, p.1)

1996        May 8, South Africa approved a National Constitution that guaranteed equal rights for all races. Zulu nationalists and white extremists boycotted the parliament vote and the entire process. The Constitution contained a clause that prevented discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.
    (SFC, 5/8/96, p.A-19)(WSJ, 5/9/96, p.A-1)(SFEC, 9/6/98, p.A22)

1996        May 20, The Supreme Court struck down, 6-3, a Colorado constitutional amendment banning laws that protect homosexuals from discrimination. In another decision, the court curtailed, 5-4, huge jury awards aimed at punishing or deterring misconduct.
    (WSJ, 5/21/96, p.A-1)(AP, 5/20/97)

1996        Jun 1, The bodies of Julianne Williams (24) and Laura Winans (26) were found in Shenandoah National Park, a week after they were last seen alive. Their hands were bound and their throats were slashed. On Apr 10, 2002 Darrel David Rice (34) of Maryland was indicted for the murders along with hate charges.
    (SFC, 4/11/02, p.A15)

1996        Sep 10, The US Senate dealt a double defeat to gay-rights activists, voting to reject same-sex marriage in federal law (Defense of Marriage Act - DOMA) by a vote of 85-14. It also rejected (50-49) a separate bill that would have barred job discrimination against gays.
    (WSJ, 9/11/96, p.A1)(AP, 9/10/97)

1997        Apr 30, ABC aired the "coming out" of the title character in the sitcom "Ellen," played by Ellen DeGeneres.
    (AP, 4/30/98)

1997        May 1, The TV show Ellen captured 42 million viewers to hear the Ellen character, played by Ellen DeGeneres, announce that she was a lesbian.
    (SFC, 5/2/97, p.C1)

1997        Jul 2, A federal judge in New York ruled that the military policy, "don’t ask, don’t tell," is unconstitutional and only serves to cater to the biases of many heterosexuals.
    (SFC, 7/3/97, p.A1)
1997        Jul 2, A Montana court voided a 24-year-old ban on homosexual sex, concluding that the government has no business meddling in the sexual activity of consenting adults.
    (SFC, 7/3/97, p.A3)

1997        Aug 20, In Jamaica prison guards walked off their jobs after a commissioner suggested that guards and prisoners use condoms to prevent AIDS. Anti-gay violence broke out and within a week 16 inmates were killed and 20 injured at Kingston’s Gen’l. Penitentiary and St. Catherine District Prison.
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.A4)

1997        Dec 17, In New Jersey a settlement was reached that allows gay and unmarried couples to adopt children.
    (WSJ, 12/18/97, p.A1)

1997        China decriminalized homosexuality. The Chinese Classification and Diagnostic Criteria of Mental Disorders removed homosexuality from its list of mental illnesses on April 20, 2001.
    (Econ, 6/20/09, p.43)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homosexuality_in_China)

1997        The Tasmanian parliament repealed its anti-gay laws.
    (SSFC, 1/23/05, p.E6)

1998        Feb 6, Washington became the 27th state to ban same-sex marriages.
    (SFC, 2/7/98, p.A3)

1998        May 9, In Britain the Israeli transsexual, Dana International (Yaron Cohen), won the annual Eurovision Song Prize with the song "Diva."
    (SFC, 5/11/98, p.D5)(SFEC, 7/20/98, p.A9)

1998        Aug 1, The 5th quadrennial Gay Games began in Amsterdam with some 15,000 competitors.
    (SFEC, 8/2/98, p.A2)

1998        Aug 9, In London, England, the 13th Anglican Lambeth Conference, which had opened on July 18, closed. The 749 bishops present declared that homosexual acts were incompatible with scripture, but that gays were loved by God.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.50)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lambeth_Conferences)

1998        Oct 7, In Laramie, Wyo., Matthew Shepard (22), a gay student at the University of Wyoming, was found beaten, burned and tied to a wooden ranch fence. Police arrested Russel Arthur Henderson (21) and Aaron McKinney for attempted murder, kidnapping and robbery. Also picked up as accessories to the charges were Chastity Vera Pasley (20) and Kristen Leann Price (18). Shepard died Oct 12. Pasley was sentenced in 1999 to 15-24 months in jail for lying to police and destroying evidence. [See Oct 12] Henderson and McKinney were later convicted and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A3)(SFC, 10/13/98, p.A1)(SFC, 5/22/99, p.A11)(AP, 10/7/99)

1998        Oct 12, Matthew Shepard (21), a gay student at the University of Wyoming, died in fort Collins, Colorado, five days after he was beaten and lashed to a fence; two men were charged with his murder. Russell Henderson later pleaded guilty to murder and kidnapping; a second suspect, Aaron McKinney, was convicted of felony murder, kidnapping and aggravated robbery. McKinney was sentenced to 2 life terms.
    (SFC, 10/13/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/12/99)(SFC, 11/4/99, p.A1)(SFC, 11/5/99, p.A1)

1998        A South Africa court struck down the law against sodomy.
    (SSFC, 5/25/03, p.A12)

1999        Apr 5, In Laramie, Wyo., Russell Henderson pleaded guilty to kidnapping and felony murder in the death of Matthew Shepard, a gay college student.
    (AP, 4/5/00)

1999        Apr 30, In London a bomb exploded at the Admiral Duncan pub, a gay bar in Soho. 2-3 people were killed and over 70 wounded. David Copeland (24) was convicted for the bombing in 2000.
    (SFC, 5/1/99, p.A1)(AP, 4/30/00)(SFC, 7/1/00, p.A14)

1999        May 7, A jury in Pontiac, Mich., announced a $25 million verdict against the producers of the Jenny Lind TV Show over the 1995 segment that led to the murder of Scott Amedure by Jonathan Schmitz. Amedure, a gay man, was shot to death after revealing a crush on Jonathan Schmitz, a fellow guest on the talk show. Time Warner planned to appeal.
    (SFC, 5/8/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/10/99, p.B8)(AP, 5/7/00)

1999        Nov 3, In Laramie, Wyoming, Aaron McKinney (22) was convicted of murder in the October 6-7, 1998, beating of gay Wyoming college student Matthew Shepard (21). Shepard died on October 12, 1998, at Poudre Valley Hospital in Fort Collins, Colorado. McKinney and Russell Henderson, who pleaded guilty to kidnapping and murder, were sentenced to life in prison. McKinney had faced the possibility of being sentenced to death by lethal injection. A deal was reached after Shepard’s parents agreed to accept two life terms in prison for their son’s killer.
    (AP, 11/3/00)(www.cnn.com/US/9911/03/gay.attack.verdict.01/)

1999        Dec 11, Agreeing with his wife, President Clinton told CBS Radio his 1993 "don’t ask, don’t tell" policy on gays in the military wasn’t working, and he pledged to work with the Pentagon to find a way to fix it.
    (AP, 12/11/00)

1999        Dec 20, The Vermont Supreme Court ruled that homosexual couples were entitled to the same benefits and protections as wedded couples of the opposite sex.
    (SFC, 12/21/99, p.A1)(AP, 12/20/00)

1999        Chile decriminalized gay sex.
    (Econ, 5/26/12, p.40)

2000        Jan 12, Forced to act by a European court ruling, the British government ended its ban on gay men and women serving in the armed forces.
    (SFC, 1/13/00, p.A1)(AP, 1/12/01)

2000        Jan 31, Atlanta Braves pitcher John Rocker was suspended by baseball commissioner Bud Selig for disparaging foreigners, homosexuals and minorities in a Sports Illustrated interview.
    (AP, 1/31/01)

2000        Mar 6, California voters passed Prop. 22, the gay marriage ban authored by Sen. Pete Knight (d.2004), and Prop. 1A, an approval of Indian gaming rights. Prop. 1A enabled tribes to negotiate compacts with the state to operate casinos with slot machines and house banking.
    (SFC, 3/9/00, p.A1)(SSFC, 6/1/03, p.D6)

2000        Mar 16, The Vermont state House of Representatives voted 76-69 for a bill to give same-sex couples all the rights and responsibilities granted to married heterosexuals.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, p.A6)

2000        Apr 18, In his first game back following a 12-game suspension for making disparaging remarks about minorities, gays and immigrants, Atlanta’s John Rocker pitched a scoreless ninth inning in a 4-to-3, 12-inning victory over Philadelphia.
    (AP, 4/18/01)

2000        Apr 25, In Vermont the Legislature approved civil unions for homosexuals and Gov. Howard Dean promised to sign the legislation effective July 1.
    (SFC, 4/26/00, p.A1)

2000        Apr 29, In Washington DC some 1000 gay and lesbian couples proclaimed their love at the Lincoln Memorial as part of the events leading to the 4th annual Millennium March the next day.
    (SFEC, 4/30/00, p.A13)

2000        Apr 30, The 4th annual gay rights rally, billed as the Millennium March, was held in Washington DC. The crowd in the national Mall was estimated from 200-750 thousand.
    (SFEC, 4/30/00, p.A13)(AP, 4/30/01)

2000        Jul 1, Vermont’s civil unions law, which granted gay couples most of the rights, benefits and responsibilities of marriage, went into effect.
    (AP, 7/1/01)
2000        Jul 1-9, In Italy the World Pride int’l. gay pride festival opened in Rome.
    (SFEC, 6/4/00, p.C14)(SFEC, 7/2/00, p.A17)

2000        Jul 7, In West Virginia 2 teenagers (17) in Grant Town confessed to killing Arthur Warren Jr. (26), a gay man. They beat him to death and then drove over his body several times to make it look like a hit-and-run.
    (SFC, 7/8/00, p.A4)(SFC, 7/24/00, p.A3)

2000        Sep 9, Chuck Holmes (b.1945) founder of Falcon Studios in San Francisco, died from liver failure, a complication of AIDS. His estate provided a $1 million endowment that would help establish the SF LGBT Community Center.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuck_Holmes_%28entrepreneur%29)

2000        Sep 14, US Government scientists narrowly rejected a proposal to ease the ban on gay male blood donors, citing uncertainty over whether the move would increase the AIDS risk to the nation's blood supply.
    (AP, 9/14/01)

2000        Bob Guter launched the online Web zine Bent: A Journal of Crip/Gay Voices.
    (SSFC, 2/29/04, p.M2)

2001        Mar 31, In the Netherlands legislation enacted in 2000 to legalize gay marriages went into effect at midnight.
    (SFC, 3/31/01, p.A10)

2001        Apr 30, The SF Board of Supervisors passed a measure 9-2 to allow city employees medical benefits for a sex change.
    (SFC, 5/1/01, p.A1)

2001        May 11, Cairo authorities arrested 52 males aboard a riverboat restaurant for homosexual activities. 23 of the men were later convicted and sentenced to prison terms of one to five years for immoral behavior and contempt of religion.
    (SFC, 9/19/01, p.B4)(SSFC, 11/2/14, p.A3)

2001        Jul 10, The White House backed off a plan to let religious groups that receive federal money, such as the Salvation Army, ignore local laws that ban discrimination against gays and lesbians.
    (AP, 7/10/02)

2001        Sep 18, In Cairo a 15-year-old boy was sentenced to 3 years in prison for practicing homosexuality.
    (SFC, 9/19/01, p.B4)

2001        Nov 14, Jonathan Franzan won the national Book Award in fiction for "The Corrections." Andrew Solomon, gay psychiatrist, won the non-fiction award for "The Noonday Demon: An Atlas of Depression."
    (SFC, 11/15/01, p.A2)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.132)

2001        Robert Aldritch authored "Who’s Who in Gay and Lesbian History."
    (SSFC, 3/23/03, p.M4)

2002        Jun 5, In Sweden legislators voted to let same-sex couples adopt children.
    (SFC, 6/6/02, p.A10)

2002        Jun 7, In Jerusalem hundreds of gay activists held their 1st gay pride parade.
    (SFC, 6/8/02, p.A12)

2002        Jul 5, The Arkansas state Supreme Court ruled that a law banning sexual relations between people of the same sex was an unconstitutional invasion of privacy.
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A5)

2002        Jul 12, In Canada an Ontario court ruled that refusing legal recognition to gay and lesbian marriages is unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 7/13/02, p.A14)

2002        Sep 10, In South Africa the highest court ruled that gay couples have the right to adopt children and laws that prevent them from doing so violate their constitutional rights.
    (AP, 9/10/02)

2002        Oct 4, In Newark, Ca, Eddie Araujo (17) was beaten to death after he showed up at a party dressed as a girl (Gwen Araujo). His body was dumped in a shallow grave in the Sierra. Jose Merel, Michael Magidson and Jaron Nabors were later charged in the slaying. In 2004 a judge declared a mistrial after jurors deadlocked over the issue of premeditation.
    (SFC, 10/18/02, p.A21)(SFC, 10/19/02, p.A1)(SFC, 6/23/04, p.A1)

2002        Nov 2, Gay Games VI opened in Sydney, Australia, before some 40,000 spectators.
    (SSFC, 11/3/02, p.A13)

2002        Nov 20, A Louisiana Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the state’s 197-year-old sodomy law does not discriminate against gays and lesbians.
    (SFC, 11/23/02, p.A5)

2002        Dec 17, In New York Gov. George Pataki signed a bill extending civil rights protections to gays and lesbians in the state.
    (SFC, 12/18/02, p.A3)

2002        Noelle Howey authored "Dress Codes: Of Three Girlhoods – My Mother’s, My Father’s and Mine."
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.M1)

2003        Jan 4, Clonaid, the company that claims to have produced the first human clone, said a second child was born to a Dutch lesbian Jan 3.
    (AP, 1/5/03)(SSFC, 1/5/03, p.A22)

2003        Jan 30, Belgium officially recognized gay marriages.
    (SFC, 1/31/03, p.A9)

2003        Apr 30, Eric Gupton (b.1960), founding member of the Black theater troupe Pomo Afro Homos, died in SF of complications from AIDS. The group’s breakthrough first show was titled “Fierce Love: Stories From black Gay Life" (1990).
    (SFC, 2/18/08, p.E1)

2003        Jun 7, In a national first, New Hampshire Episcopalians elected the Reverend V. Gene Robinson, an openly gay man, as their next bishop.
    (AP, 6/7/04)

2003        Jun 10, Toronto, Canada, issued North America's 1st full marriage licenses to same sex couples after a judge knocked down Canada's legal definition of marriage, the union of a man and a woman, as a violation of the country's Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
    (SFC, 6/11/03, p.A7)

2003        Jun 11, The Canadian government said that gay marriages performed in the central province of Ontario over the last two days were legal for now but refused to rule out taking measures later to invalidate them.
    (Reuters, 6/11/03)

2003        Jun 26, The US Supreme court, in Lawrence v. Texas, struck down a Texas sodomy law and proclaimed that gay Americans have a right to private sexual relations. The court ruled 6-3 that laws prohibiting sexual acts between members of the same sex are unconstitutional. In 2012 Dale Carpenter authored “Flagrant conduct: The Story of Lawrence v. Texas.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_v._Texas)(SFC, 6/27/03, p.A1) (SSFC, 3/18/12, p.F1)

2003        Jun 29, SF held its 33rd annual SF Gay Pride parade on Market St.
    (SSFC, 6/28/03, p.A2)

2003        Jul 17, The leaders of an Australian Christian church voted to allow homosexuals to become priests, drawing protest from within the congregation.
    (AP, 7/17/03)

2003        Jul 31, The Vatican issued a proclamation that condemned government recognition of gay and lesbian unions.
    (SFC, 8/1/03, p.A1)

2003        Sep 8, In NYC Harvey Milk High School for gay, bisexual and transgender kids opened in Greenwich Village. It  was named after the San Francisco supervisor killed in 1978.
    (SFC, 9/9/03, p.A1)

2003        Sep 18, A law against "promotion" of homosexuality was removed from the British statute books, after more than a decade of gay-rights protests.
    (AP, 9/18/03)

2003        Sep 19, Gov. Davis signed AB205, a California domestic partners bill.
    (SFC, 9/20/03, p.A1)

2003        Nov 1, In Taipei, Taiwan, some 500 people marched in the Chinese world's 1st gay pride parade. In 2012 some 65,000 marched in the event.
    (USAT, 2/5/04, p.10A)(Econ, 1/25/14, p.52)

2003        Nov 7, The New Hampshire Supreme Court ruled that a lesbian affair did not constitute adultery under state law.
    (SFC, 11/8/03, p.A2)

2003        Nov 18, The Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled 4-3 that a ban on same sex marriage is illegal. Lawmakers were given 180 days to allow gay marriages.
    (SFC, 11/19/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/19/03, p.A1)

2003        Dec 19, An Ontario court ruled that the Canadian government discriminated against same-sex couples by denying pension benefits to survivors whose partners died before 1998. Benefits were made retroactive to April 17, 1985.
    (SSFC, 12/21/03, p.A14)

2003        Robert Aldritch authored "Colonialism and Homosexuality."
    (SSFC, 3/23/03, p.M4)

2003        Nan Alamilla Boyd authored "Wide-Open Town: A History of Queer San Francisco to 1965."
    (SSFC, 6/28/03, p.M1)

2004        Jan 21, Ohio lawmakers gave final approval to a measure banning gay marriage and prohibiting state employees from getting benefits for domestic partners. Gov. Bob Taft said he would sign it pending a legal review.
    (SFC, 1/22/04, p.A1)

2004        Jan 26, Cleveland City Hall began a domestic partner's registry, the 1st in the nation created by voters.
    (SFC, 1/27/04, p.A3)

2004        Feb 12, SF Mayor Gavin Newsom authorized the county clerk to  begin issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples in defiance of state law. Some 90 gay and lesbian couples were wed and over the next few days some 2,000 took their vows.
    (SFC, 2/13/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/17/04, p.A1)(SFC, 6/27/15, p.A12)

2004        Feb 20, Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger directed the California state attorney general to take immediate legal steps to stop SF from granting marriage licenses to gay couples.
    (AP, 2/21/04)(SFC, 2/21/04, p.A1)

2004        Feb 21, Bill Lockyer, California state Attorney General, rebuffed Gov. Schwarzenegger's demand to force an end to same-sex marriages in SF, calling the directive political rhetoric.
    (SSFC, 2/22/04, p.A1)

2004        Feb 22, A giant wedding reception was held at the SF Hyatt Regency honoring the thousands of same-sex couples married over the previous 11 days.
    (SFC, 8/13/04, p.A16)

2004        Feb 24, Pres. Bush called for a constitutional amendment to ban marriage between members of the same sex.
    (SFC, 2/25/04, p.A1)

2004        Feb 27, Bill Lockyer, California state Attorney General, asked the California Supreme Court to stop SF officials from issuing same-sex marriage licenses and invalidate the 3,400 gay and lesbian weddings that have taken place at City Hall since Feb 12. The justices halted the weddings the following month.
    (SFC, 8/13/04, p.A16)(AP, 2/27/05)

2004        Mar 2, NY state filed charges against the mayor of New Paltz for marrying gay couples.
    (WSJ, 3/3/04, p.A1)

2004        Mar 11, The California Supreme Court halted gay weddings in San Francisco for at least a few months while it decides whether they are legal. SF responded by suing the state in Superior Court contending that the state ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional.
    (AP, 3/12/04)(SFC, 3/12/04, p.A1)(SFC, 6/27/15, p.A12)

2004        Mar 12, In California six unwed gay couples filed suit in Superior Court challenging the state’s marriage law on constitutional grounds. The suit was later consolidated with a SF suit filed a day earlier.
    (SFC, 6/27/15, p.A12)

2004        Mar 29, Massachusetts lawmakers approved a proposed constitutional amendment to ban gay marriage and legalize civil unions, sending the issue to the next legislative session.
    (AP, 3/29/05)

2004        Apr 20, An Oregon judge ordered a halt to same sex marriages. He also ordered official recognition of marriages already held in Multnomah County.
    (SFC, 4/21/04, p.A3)

2004        May 17, Transsexuals were cleared to compete in the Olympics for the first time.
    (AP, 5/17/05)

2004        Jun 5, France's first gay marriage was performed in the southwest city of Bordeaux. On July 27 it was officially declared void by a court but the two homosexual men involved immediately said they would appeal the ruling.
    (AP, 7/27/04)

2004        Jul 10, New Jersey began issuing documents for domestic partnerships.
    (SSFC, 7/11/04, p.A3)

2004        Jul 14, The US Senate scuttled a constitutional amendment banning gay marriage. 48 senators voted to advance the measure, 12 short of the 60 needed, and 50 voted to block it.
    (AP, 7/14/05)

2004        Aug 12, California’s Supreme Court struck down San Francisco’s attempt to legalize same-sex marriages, saying Mayor Newsome had illegally defied state law. 3955 marriages recorded between Feb 12 and Mar 11 were voided.
    (SFC, 8/13/04, p.A1)(SFC, 6/27/15, p.A13)

2004        Sep 18, Louisiana voters overwhelmingly approved a state constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriages and civil unions.
    (AP, 9/19/04)

2004        Sep 24, Nova Scotia became the sixth Canadian province or territory to allow gay marriages when the provincial Supreme Court ruled that banning such unions was unconstitutional.
    (AP, 9/24/04)

2004        Oct 1, Spain's Socialist government approved a controversial law that would give gay and lesbian couples the same right to marry, divorce and adopt children as heterosexuals.
    (Reuters, 10/1/04)

2004        Oct 5, A Louisiana state judge threw out the new constitutional amendment banning gay marriage because it also banned civil unions.
    (SFC, 10/6/04, p.A3)

2004        Oct, Fanny An Eddy, Sierra Leone’s best known lesbian, was found murdered.
    (Econ, 10/9/04, p.42)

2004        Nov 2, Gay marriage curbs won in all 11 US states where they were on ballots.
    (WSJ, 11/3/04, p.A1)

2004        Nov 5, In Canada Saskatchewan became the country’s 7th jurisdiction to allow homosexuals to wed.
    (SFC, 11/5/04, p.A3)

2004        Nov 15, New Jersey Gov. James E. McGreevey stepped down from office amid rumors of that he was about to be sued for sexual harassment. Senate Pres. Richard Codey, also a Democrat, served out the final year of McGreevy’s term. McGreevey left office three months after admitting that he had had an extramarital affair with his homeland security advisor, Golan Cipel. Upon publicly revealing his homosexuality on August 12, 2004, McGreevey became the first and, to date, the only openly gay state governor in United States history.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_McGreevey)(SFC, 11/9/04, p.A2)(Econ, 7/1/06, p.27)

2004        Dec 9, Canada's highest court said the government can redefine marriage to include same-sex couples, but it added that religious officials cannot be forced to perform unions against their beliefs.
    (AP, 12/9/04)

2004        Dec 30, Arkansas vowed to appeal after a judge struck down a 1999 rule barring the state from placing a foster child in any household with a gay member.
    (WSJ, 12/31/04, p.A1)

2004        J.L. King authored "On the Down Low: A Journey Into the Lives of 'Straight' Black Men Who Sleep With Men."
    (AP, 7/24/09)
2004        Graham Robb authored "Strangers: Homosexual Love in the Nineteenth Century."
    (SSFC, 2/1/04, p.M2)(Econ, 1/10/04, p.74)
2004        Nov 2, Some 66% of Utah voters approved Amendment 3 to the state constitution and in effect banned same-sex marriage.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utah_Constitutional_Amendment_3)

2005        Jan 1, A new California law took effect giving gay couples who register as domestic partners nearly the same responsibilities and benefits as married spouses.
    (AP, 1/1/05)

2005        Feb 1, The Canadian government introduced its contentious same-sex marriage bill in Parliament, seeking to legalize gay marriage nationwide over the objections of the Roman Catholic Church and other conservative clergy.
    (AP, 2/2/05)

2005        Feb 21, The British government said same-sex partners will be able to enter into civil unions from December, joining gays in parts of Europe and the United States in obtaining many of the rights enjoyed by married people.
    (AP, 2/21/05)

2005        Feb 24, Anglican leaders forced a suspension of the US Episcopal Church and Canadian adherents due to same sex marriages and ordaining gay clergy.
    (WSJ, 2/25/05, p.A1)
    (AP, 3/15/05)

2005        Mar 14, San Francisco Superior Court Judge Richard Kramer declared California’s ban on same-sex marriage unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 3/15/05, p.A1)

2005        Apr 14, The Oregon Supreme Court nullified nearly 3,000 marriage licenses issued in 2004 to same-sex couples in Portland’s Multnomah County.
    (SFC, 4/15/05, p.A6)

2005        Apr 20, Gov. Jodi Rell signed legislation making Connecticut the 2nd state after Vermont to offer civil unions to gay couples.
    (SFC, 4/21/05, p.A3)

2005        May 12, A US federal judge struck down a Nebraska gay-marriage ban that barred benefit sharing and same-sex foster parents.
    (WSJ, 5/13/05, p.A1)

2005        May 29, In Brazil almost 2 million gay men, lesbians, transvestites and their supporters, many in lavish Carnival costumes and waving rainbow-colored flags, paraded in Sao Paulo to celebrate gay pride and call for the legalization of civil unions between homosexuals.
    (AP, 5/30/05)

2005        Jun 26, Toronto, Canada, celebrated its 25th annual Pride Parade, one of the world's largest gay and lesbian festivals under a blistering sun. NYC and SF also hosted large parades as did other cities around the world.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 26, An Israeli court ruled that Jerusalem's gay pride parade could proceed as planned and ordered the city's mayor to pay $6,500 out of his own pocket for trying to stop it.
    (AP, 6/26/05)

2005        Jun 28, Canada's  House of Commons passed legislation, drafted by PM Paul Martin, to legalize gay marriage in spite of fierce opposition from Conservatives and religious leaders. It would become only the third country in the world to legalize gay marriage.
    (AP, 6/29/05)

2005        Jun 30, Viacom launched Logo, a gay oriented TV show.
    (SFC, 6/30/05, p.E1)(Econ, 7/2/05, p.59)
2005        Jun 30, Spain’s Parliament voted 187-147 to legalize gay marriages, defying conservatives and clergy making Spain the 3rd country to allow same-sex unions nationwide.
    (AP, 6/30/05)(WSJ, 7/1/05, p.A1)

2005        Jul 4, The General Synod of the United Church of Christ, meeting in Georgia, endorsed same-sex marriage with a resolution that called for equal marriage rights for all.
    (SFC, 7/5/05, p.A3)

2005        Jul 20, Canada legalized gay marriage, becoming the world's 4th nation to grant full legal rights to same-sex couples.
    (AP, 7/20/05)

2005        Jul 19, Iran publicly executed two teenagers accusing them of raping a 13-year-old boy and having gay sex, according to Iran's ISNA news agency.
    (AP, 7/22/05)

2005        Aug 16, A university professor in Shanghai said is he is offering China's first class on homosexuality and gay culture and that several hundred students have applied for the 100 openings.
    (AP, 8/17/05)

2005        Sep 29, California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger vetoed a bill to give same sex couples the right to marry in the state.
    (SFC, 6/27/15, p.A13)

2005        Frederic Mitterand (b.1947), the nephew of former French Pres. Francois Mitterand, authored his autobiographical novel “The Bad Life" (French: La mauvaise vie), which became a best seller. In the book he details his "delight" whilst visiting the male brothels of Bangkok, and writes, "I got into the habit of paying for boys ... The profusion of young, very attractive and immediately available boys put me in a state of desire I no longer needed to restrain or hide."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fr%C3%A9d%C3%A9ric_Mitterrand)

2006        Feb 4, In South Africa Zoliswa Nkonyana (19), a lesbian, was stoned, kicked and stabbed to death just meters (yards) from her Cape Town home. In 2011 four men were convicted of her murder.
    (www.tac.org.za/userfiles/Zoliswa%20Nkonyana%20Joint%20Statement.pdf)(AFP, 10/7/11)

2006        Jun 29, The Arkansas Supreme Court ruled that Arkansas cannot ban gays from becoming foster parents, because there is no link between their sexual orientation and a child’s well-being.
    (SFC, 6/30/06, p.A20)

2006        Sep 15, Alberto Linero (27) and Alberto Sanchez (24) both privates in the Spanish air force, exchanged vows in a reception room at Seville's town hall, in the first known wedding among same-sex members of the military since Spain legalized gay marriage last year.
    (AP, 9/15/06)

2006        Oct 5, In California a state appeals court ruled 2-1 that gays and lesbians have no constitutional right to marry in California.
    (SFC, 10/6/06, p.A1)

2006        Nov 2, In Denver, Colo., Rev. Ted Haggard, a leading evangelist and outspoken opponent of gay marriage, gave up his post as president of the National Association of Evangelicals while a church panel investigates allegations he paid a man for sex. Haggard later confessed he was guilty of sexual immorality.
    (AP, 11/3/06)(AP, 11/2/07)
2006        Nov 2, In Tennessee 81% of voters approved a constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriage in the state.
    (SFC, 6/27/15, p.A13)

2006        Nov 30, South Africa became the first country in Africa, and only the fifth in the world, to legalize same sex marriages.
    (AP, 11/30/06)

2006        Dec 21, New Jersey Gov. Jon Corzine signed legislation giving same-sex couples all the rights and responsibilities of marriage under state law, but not the title.
    (SFC, 12/22/06, p.A4)

2006        Virginia voters in a referendum passed a ban on gay marriage.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, p.24)

2007        Mar 16, In San Francisco Ruby Ordenana (27), a transgender prostitute, was brutally killed. Her naked body was found in the Potrero Hill area near I-280. In 2009 DNA evidence tied her murder to Donzell Francis. In the interim Francis raped and brutalized at least 3 other transgender prostitutes. In 2010 SF prosecutors filed murder charges against Francis (41), who was already serving a 17-year prison sentence for another sexual assault.
    (SFC, 11/21/09, p.A1)(SFC, 4/28/10, p.C2)

2007        Mar 28, A small group of Arab lesbians quietly defied Islamist protesters and a social taboo to gather at a rare public conference in Haifa, Israeli. It was organized by Aswat, an organization for Arab lesbians with members in Israel, the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 3/28/07)

2007        May 1, John Browne, head of BP PLC, resigned after Britain’s highest legal body triggered the release of documents detailing his relationship with a former lover. In 2014 he authored “The Glass Closet."
    (WSJ, 5/2/07, p.A1)(Econ, 5/31/14, p.62)

2007        May, Australia’s Victorian state civil and administrative tribunal ruled that the Peel Hotel in the southern city of Melbourne could exclude patrons based on their sexuality.
    (Reuters, 5/28/07)

2007        Jun 10, In Brazil millions of people packed the streets of Sao Paulo for what organizers said was the world's largest gay pride parade, dancing and waving rainbow flags in a carnival-like atmosphere to condemn homophobia, racism and sexism.
    (AP, 6/10/07)

2007        Aug 21, Hundreds of people held an anti-gay protest in Uganda's capital, denouncing what they called an "immoral" lifestyle and demanding the deportation of an American journalist writing about gay rights in the deeply conservative country.
    (AP, 8/21/07)

2007        Aug 28, A day after reports surfaced of his June arrest at the Minneapolis airport, Sen. Larry Craig, R-Idaho, told a news conference the only thing he had done wrong was to plead guilty after a police complaint of lewd conduct in a men's room; Craig also declared, "I am not gay. I never have been gay."
    (AP, 8/28/08)

2007        Sep 7, The California Legislature, for the 2nd time in three years, approved a bill to give same-sex couples the right to marry. Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger vetoed it.
    (SFC, 6/27/15, p.A14)

2007        Sep 18, Maryland’s highest court, in a 4-3 decision, upheld a law defining marriage as a union between a man and a woman and said the 1973 ban on gay marriage does not discriminate on the basis of gender and does not deny any fundamental rights.
    (SFC, 9/19/07, p.A3)

2007        Oct 5, Colombia’s Constitutional Court ruled that gays may add their partners to health insurance plans.
    (SSFC, 10/7/07, p.A5)

2007        Nov 21, Michigan’s Gov. Jennifer Granholm issued an order that bars discrimination against state workers based on their "gender identity or expression," which protects the rights of those who behave, dress or identify as members of the opposite sex.
    (AP, 11/22/07)

2008        Jan 1, In New Hampshire Dozens of gay and lesbian couples entered into civil unions in the early moments of New Year's Day as a new state law legalized the partnerships.
    (AP, 1/1/08)

2008        Feb 12, Brandon McInerney (14) shot and killed Larry King, a gay classmate in Ventura County, Ca. On Nov 21, 2011, McInerney pleaded guilty to the murder charge, as well as one count each of voluntary manslaughter and use of a firearm. On Dec 19 McInerney was sentenced to 21 years in prison. 
    (SFC, 8/12/11, p.C5)(AP, 11/21/11)(AP, 12/19/11)

2008        Apr 9, Singapore's Media Development Authority, which regulates and censors media and the arts, said it fined StarHub S$10,000 (3,675 pounds) for airing a commercial for a song that featured "romanticized scenes" of lesbians kissing and portrayed the relationship as "acceptable."
    (AP, 4/9/08)

2008        May 15, The California Supreme Court affirmed the right of same-sex couples to marry.
    (SFC, 5/16/08, p.A1)
2008        May 15, Gambia’s Pres. Yahya Jammeh ordered homosexuals to leave the country and in a televised speech threatened to cut off the head of anyone discovered to be gay.
    (SFC, 6/3/08, p.A3)

2008        May 27, Germany unveiled a memorial to the Nazis' long-ignored gay victims, a monument that also aims to address ongoing discrimination by confronting visitors with an image of a same-sex couple kissing.
    (AP, 5/27/08)

2008        May 31, In Latvia about 400 gay men and women and their supporters held a parade in Riga, accompanied by a strong police presence and chants and insults from anti-gay activists.
    (AP, 5/31/08)

2008        Jun 1, Gay rights activists held small, scattered protests in Moscow, flouting repeated refusals from city authorities for permission to hold parades or demonstrations.
    (AP, 6/1/08)

2008        Jun 3, Greece's first gay weddings were held when two couples, abetted by a sympathetic local mayor, defied the threat of criminal charges and the wrath of the Orthodox church to tie the knot on the tiny Aegean island of Tilos.
    (Reuters, 6/3/08)

2008        Jun 6, An official said Cuba has authorized sex-change operations and will offer them free for qualifying citizens.
    (AP, 6/7/08)

2008        Jun 17, Norway passed a new equality law granting gay couples the same rights as heterosexuals to marry, adopt and undergo artificial insemination.
    (AP, 6/17/08)

2008        Jun 20, In Saudi Arabia religious police arrested 21 allegedly homosexual men and confiscated large amounts of alcohol at a large gathering of young men at a rest house in Qatif.
    (AP, 6/21/08)

2008        Jun 24, Cuba's Roman Catholic Church protested the communist government's growing support of gay rights, including a daylong event raising awareness against homophobia and a law allowing sex-change operations.
    (AP, 6/25/08)

2008        Jun 27, Leaders of the Presbyterian Church in the US, meeting in San Jose, Ca., overturned a ban on the ordination of gays and lesbians.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.A2)

2008        Jun 28, In Bulgaria extremists throwing rocks, bottles and gasoline bombs attacked the capital's first gay pride parade which included some 150 participants.
    (AP, 6/28/08)

2008        Jun 29, Malaysia's de facto opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim took refuge at the Turkish embassy due to fears he could be assassinated after fresh accusations of sodomy.
    (AP, 6/29/08)

2008        Jun 29, In India several hundred gay rights supporters took to the streets of Calcutta, Bangalore and New Delhi to call for an end to discrimination in a society where intolerance is widespread. The marches came days before the Delhi High Court is expected to hear arguments on overturning Section 377 of the penal code, a law against homosexual sex that dates to the British colonial era with punishment of up to 10 years in prison.
    (AP, 6/29/08)(Econ, 7/5/08, p.51)

2008        Jul 16, In Turkey Ahmet Yildiz, a gay Kurd, was allegedly killed by his father for besmirching the family honor. In 2011 the film “Zenne Dancer," based on his story, won 5 awards at the Golden Orange Film Festival.
    (Econ, 10/22/11, p.64)(http://ahmetyildizismyfamily.blogspot.com/)

2008        Aug 18, Argentina announced its first nationwide gay-rights measure: granting same-sex couples the right to claim their deceased partners' pensions.
    (AP, 8/19/08)

2008        Oct 10, The Connecticut Supreme Court voted 4-3 to give gay and lesbian couples the right to marry ruling that civil unions fell short of giving them full equality. It became the 3rd state to legalize such unions.
    (SFC, 10/11/08, p.A6)(WSJ, 10/11/08, p.A7)
2008        Oct 10, Portugal's Parliament voted by a large majority against proposals to allow same-sex marriages in the mostly Roman Catholic country.
    (AP, 10/10/08)

2008        Nov 4, California voters put a stop to gay marriage, creating uncertainty about the legal status of 18,000 same-sex couples who tied the knot during a four-month window of opportunity opened by the state's highest court. On Nov 19 the California state Supreme Court agreed to decide on the legality of the Proposition 8 measure. It was later reported that opponents and supporters had pumped a total of $85 million in to the measure. State voters approved Proposition 2 for improved treatment of farm animals. Voters also approved Proposition 1A, a $9.5 billion bond for high-speed rail service from SF to LA. Marin and Sonoma voters approved Measure Q for a quarter cent sales tax increase to build and operate a commuter train for Cloverdale to Larkspur. Prop. 11, a measure to overhaul state redistricting rules, passed as the final tally was completed 3 weeks later. 
    (AP, 11/6/08)(SFC, 11/5/08, p.A17)(SFC, 11/6/08, p.A17, B1)(SFC, 11/20/08, p.A1)(SFC, 11/27/08, p.A1)(SFC, 2/3/09, p.B1)
2008        Nov 4, Arkansas voters passed a measure blocking the adoption of children by unmarried couples. John McCain won the state by 20 points over Barack Obama. Arkansas voters approved a state lottery by a 63% margin. In 2010 a Circuit Court judge in Little Rock struck down the measure on adoption, saying it infringed on a person’s right to privacy.
    (SSFC, 11/9/08, p.A5)(Econ, 11/22/08, p.45)(SFC, 4/17/10, p.A4)

2008        Nov 12, A judge cleared the way for gay marriage to begin in Connecticut, a victory for advocates stung by California's referendum that banned same-sex unions in that state.
    (AP, 11/12/08)

2008        Nov 19, The New Jersey Office of the Attorney General said online dating service eHarmony has agreed to create a new website for gays and lesbians as part of a settlement with a gay man in New Jersey.
    (Reuters, 11/19/08)

2008        Nov 24, Adel Hussein was sentenced six months in jail by a court in Irbil, capital of the Kurdish-ruled region, for violating a public decency law by writing a story about homosexuality. The case centered on an April 2007 article Hussein wrote for the independent weekly Hawlati that detailed the physical effects of homosexual sex.
    (AP, 12/3/08)

2008        Nov 30, In Haiti a dozen men in T-shirts declaring "I am gay" and "I am living with HIV/AIDS" marched with hundreds of other demonstrators through St. Marc in what organizers called the Caribbean nation's first openly gay march.
    (AP, 12/1/08)

2008        Dec 3, In California Theodore Neff (66) was found strangled to death as his house on San Pablo Bay burned. Within days police arrested Alejandro Hernandez Rivera (24), a male prostitute, in a sting operation. Neff’s golden flute was in Rivera’s car. In 2010 Rivera was convicted of 1st degree murder and sentenced to 33 years in prison.
    (SFC, 9/21/10, p.A1)(SFC, 10/5/10, p.C1)(SFC, 12/6/11, p.C3)

2008        Dec 8, In Brazil Police chief Paulo Fernando Fortunato reported that 13 gay men were killed in a park in suburban Sao Paulo between February 2007 and August 2008.
    (AP, 12/8/08)

2008        Dec 13, A woman (28) in Richmond, Ca., was jumped by four men, taunted for being a lesbian, repeatedly raped and left naked outside an abandoned apartment building. In early January police arrested 2 men and 2 teens on suspicion of the gang-rape. On Dec 18, 2013, Humberto Salvador (36), the ringleader of the gang rape, was convicted of multiple charges in the case. Robert Ortiz (20) still awaited trial. Darrell Hodges (20) was already sentenced to 24 years. Josue Gonzalez, who testified against Salvador, was awaiting sentencing for carjacking and robbery.
    (AP, 12/23/08)(AP, 1/2/09)(SFC, 12/19/13, p.C3)

2008        Dec 15, Hungary's Constitutional Court annulled a law giving rights to domestic partners because it would diminish the importance of marriage.
    (AP, 12/15/08)

2008        William N. Eskridge Jr. authored Dishonorable Passions: Sodomy Laws in America, 1861-2003.
    (SSFC, 5/11/08, Books p.4)
2008        Britain enacted a law protecting transgender people at work.
    (Reuters, 6/17/15)

2009        Jan 6, In Senegal 9 men, including a prominent activist, were convicted of homosexual acts and sentenced to eight years in prison. Senegal, a primarily Muslim nation in West Africa, is one of 38 countries on the continent that criminalize homosexual acts.
    (AP, 1/8/09)

2009        Jan 16, British pop star Boy George (47) was sentenced to 15 months in jail for imprisoning a Norwegian male escort (29) after a nude photoshoot. The singer and disc jockey, who stood trial under his real name George O'Dowd, admitted to police to handcuffing Audun Carlsen to his bed on April 28, 2007, as he investigated the Norwegian's alleged tampering with his computer.
    (AFP, 1/16/09)

2009        Jan 21, In Portland, Oregon, officials said they would begin a criminal investigation into newly elected Mayor Sam Adams (45), who admitted shortly after taking office on January 1 that he had lied during his campaign about a sexual relationship with a much younger gay man.
    (WSJ, 1/24/08, p.A4)

2009        Jan 28, In Iceland both parties of the new coalition government supported the appointment of social affairs minister Johanna Sigurdardottir (66), an openly gay former air hostess, as interim prime minister.
    (SFC, 1/29/09, p.A8)(Econ, 5/2/09, p.52)

2009        Feb 22, In Brisbane, Australia, Father Peter Kennedy (71), a rebel Catholic priest who was sacked for blessing gay couples and allowing women to preach, defied his archbishop and led mass.
    (AFP, 2/22/09)

2009        Mar 24, It was reported that the Moroccan government has begun a clampdown on what it sees as threats to the kingdom's religious and moral foundations, with Shiite Islam and gays particularly targeted.
    (AFP, 3/24/09)

2009        Mar 26, Serbian lawmakers approved a law against discrimination due to race, religion, gender, sexual orientation or other factors despite opposition from conservatives, including the Serbian Orthodox Church, and nationalists.
    (AP, 3/26/09)

2009        Apr 1, Sweden’s Parliament adopted a new law giving same sex couples the same marriage rights as heterosexuals, becoming the 5th European country to allow gay marriage.
    (SFC, 4/2/09, p.A2)

2009        Apr 3, The Iowa Supreme Court issued a unanimous ruling finding that the state's same-sex marriage ban violates the constitutional rights of gay and lesbian couples, making Iowa the third state where gay marriage is legal.
    (AP, 4/3/09)

2009        Apr 2, An Iraqi military spokesman said the government will next week start paying Sunni paramilitary groups in the Baghdad area despite weekend clashes with one of the units. In Baghdad two gunmen firing from a car killed an Iraqi army officer in the Mansour district. One of the gunmen was killed and the other captured. Militants hurled a grenade at an American patrol on Palestine Street in east Baghdad, wounding two civilians. In Mosul a roadside bomb exploded near a small restaurant frequented by police, wounding four of them and a civilian. A US aircraft attacked a group of men believed to be members of a government-allied Sunni paramilitary group as they were planting a roadside bomb at night north of Baghdad, killing one and wounding two. Two gay men were killed Sadr City by relatives who were shamed by their behavior, after a leading cleric repeatedly condemned homosexuality. The killings come weeks after Iraqi police found four bodies near Sadr City with the word pervert written on their chests.
    (AP, 4/2/09)(AP, 4/3/09)(AP, 4/4/09)

2009        Apr 7, Jack Wrangler (b.1946 as John Robert Stillman), porn star and musical theater producer, died in Manhattan. He appeared in over 30 gay sex films and 20 straight films including “The Devil in Miss Jones" (1982).
    (SFC, 4/10/09, p.B5)

2009        Apr 22, In Connecticut a decade-long battle for marriage equality ended when the General Assembly voted to update the state's marriage laws to conform with a landmark court ruling allowing gay and lesbian couples to tie the knot.
    (AP, 4/23/09)

2009        Apr 27, Iowa counties began processing same-sex marriage applications.
    (WSJ, 4/27/09, p.A1)

2009        May 1, Britain awarded the role of national poet laureate to Carol Ann Duffy (53), the first woman to hold a post that has been filled by William Wordsworth, Alfred Lord Tennyson and Ted Hughes. Duffy, a gay woman, has published more than 30 books, plays and children's stories as well as poems that mix accessible modern language with traditional forms.
    (AP, 5/1/09)(SFC, 5/2/09, p.A3)

2009        May 2, In Senegal Madieye Diallo's, a gay man, died of HIV AIDS. His body had only been in the ground for a few hours when a mob descended on the weedy cemetery with shovels. They yanked out the corpse, spit on its torso, dragged it away and dumped it in front of the home of his elderly parents.
    (AP, 4/12/10)

2009        May 5, The District of Columbia Council gave final approval to legislation that recognizes same-sex marriages performed elsewhere. The law became effective on July 7.
    (SFC, 5/6/09, p.A5)(SFC, 7/8/09, p.A4)

2009        May 6, Maine's Gov. John Baldacci signed a freshly passed bill approving gay marriage, making it the fifth state to approve the practice and moving New England closer to allowing it throughout the region.
    (AP, 5/6/09)

2009        May 12, In Peru a new law went into effect that says officers will be fired for taking bribes and abusing detainees. It also said police officers who "damage the image" of law enforcement by engaging in homosexual behavior can lose their jobs.
    (AP, 5/14/09)

2009        May 13, In Uruguay the defense ministry confirmed that Minister Jose Bayardi had signed a decree lifting a ban on people with “open sexual deviations," that had been imposed by the military dictatorship (1973-1985). The new decree stated that sexual orientation will no longer be considered a reason to prevent people from entering military service.
    (SFC, 5/14/09, p.A2)

2009        May 16, In Cuba President Raul Castro's daughter led hundreds of Cuban gays in a street dance to draw attention to gay rights on the island.
    (AP, 5/16/09)
2009        May 16, In Russia riot police violently broke up several gay rights demonstrations in Moscow, hauling away scores of protesters hours before the Russian capital hosted the major Eurovision international pop music competition.
    (AP, 5/16/09)
2009        May 16, The gay community in tightly controlled Singapore held its first-ever rally, taking advantage of looser laws on public gatherings to call for equality.
    (AP, 5/16/09)

2009        May 23, The Church of Scotland voted in favor of appointing an openly gay minister, the latest case involving sexuality to create a division in the Anglican Communion. The church's ruling body voted 326 to 267 to support the appointment of the Rev. Scott Rennie (37), who was previously married to a woman and is now in a relationship with a man.
    (AP, 5/24/09)

2009        Jun 3, New Hampshire became the sixth state to legalize gay marriage in a move that reflects the state's changing demographics from reliably Republican and conservative to younger and more liberal.
    (AP, 6/3/09)

2009        Jun 13, In China a colorful show of drag queens dressed in Chinese opera costumes was one of the festivities that marked Shanghai's gay pride, the first in China where homosexuality remains largely hidden.
    (AP, 6/13/09)
2009        Jun 13, In Italy tens of thousands of gay rights activists demanding rights for same-sex couples marched through the streets of Rome on Saturday in a gay pride parade.
    (AP, 6/13/09)

2009        Jun 17, A White House official said President Barack Obama, whose gay and lesbian supporters have grown frustrated with his slow movement on their priorities, is extending benefits to same-sex partners of federal employees but stopping short of a guarantee of full health insurance.
    (AP, 6/17/09)

2009        Jun 19, US census officials announced that same-sex married couples would be counted for the first time in the 2010 census.
    (Econ, 6/27/09, p.38)

2009        Jun 26, Ireland recognized the legal rights of same-sex couples for the first time in a civil partnership bill that gave people in long-term relationships many of the statutory rights of married couples.
    (AP, 6/26/09)

2009        Jun 27, In Ireland some 12,000 people marched in this year’s Gay Pride Parade in downtown Dublin.
    (SSFC, 6/28/09, p.A4)

2009        Jun 28, In India hundreds of gay rights supporters waved flags and danced past traffic during marches through three Indian cities to celebrate gay pride and call for the decriminalization of homosexuality in this deeply conservative country.
    (AP, 6/28/09)

2009        Jul 2, A top Indian court issued a landmark ruling that decriminalized gay sex between consenting adults by declaring a colonial-era ban on homosexuality unconstitutional. The decision applied only to the territory of the capital, New Delhi. In December 2013 two Supreme Court judges overturned the ruling.
    (AFP, 7/2/09)(SFC, 7/3/09, p.A5)(Econ, 10/11/14, p.29)

2009        Jul 14, Lithuania's Parliament approved a censorship bill that sharply curbs the spreading of public information that lawmakers say could harm the mental, physical, intellectual and moral development of youngsters. The bill comes into law on March 2010 at the latest.
    (www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,4487209,00.html?maca=en-rss-en-all-1573-rdf)

2009        Jul 23, E. Lynn Harris (b.1955), pioneer of gay black fiction, died while promoting his latest book in Los Angeles. Long before the secret world of closeted black gay men came to light in America, Harris introduced a generation of black women to the phenomenon known as the "down low." His debut "Invisible Life" (1994) was a coming-of-age story that dealt with the then-taboo topic.
    (AP, 7/24/09)

2009        Aug 1, Australia's centre-left ruling party voted for national recognition of same-sex unions but stopped short of lifting a ban on gay marriage.
    (AFP, 8/1/09)
2009        Aug 1, In Tel Aviv, Israel, a gunman shot and killed two people, a man (26), who was a counselor at the center, and a girl (17) at a youth club. This was initially considered as the worst ever attack on homosexuals in Israel. Eleven people were wounded, four of them seriously. In 2013 police arrested 4 suspects in connection with the killing and said the shooting was no longer being considered as a hate crime.
    (AP, 8/2/09)(AP, 6/7/13)

2009        Aug 17, Human Rights Watch said Iraqi militiamen are torturing and killing gay men with impunity in a systematic campaign that has spread from Baghdad to several other cities.
    (AP, 8/17/09)

2009        Aug 27, Uruguay lawmakers approved a bill allowing gay and lesbian couples to adopt. The 99-seat Chamber or Representatives passed the bill 40-13, with the remaining members absent. The law, still needing Senate approval, was supported by socialist President Tabare Vazquez's Broad Front coalition, which has already legalized gay civil unions and ended a ban on homosexuals in the armed forces.
    (AP, 8/28/09)

2009        Sep 9, In Jamaica John A. Terry (65), Britain’s honorary consul in Montego Bay, was found strangled in bed with a note denouncing him as a homosexual.
    (Econ, 9/19/09, p.49)(AP, 10/3/09)
2009        Sep 9, Uruguay’s Senate gave final approval for gay and lesbian couples to adopt children, making it the first country in Latin America to do so. The executive branch will decide when the law takes effect.
    (SFC, 9/10/09, p.A2)

2009        Sep 24, Emile Norman (b.1918), pioneering gay artist, died in Monterey, Ca..
    (SFC, 9/26/09, p.A12)

2009        Oct 10, Stephen Gately (33), a singer with the Irish boy band Boyzone, died while visiting Spain’s island of Mallorca. He made headlines a decade ago when he came out as gay.
    (AP, 10/11/09)

2009        Oct 11, Thousands of gay and lesbian activists marched from the White House to the Capitol, demanding that President Barack Obama keep his promises to allow gays to serve openly in the military and allow same-sex marriages.
    (AP, 10/11/09)

2009        Oct 22, More than 8 million people watched British National Party leader Nick Griffin slam Islam as a wicked faith, express his disgust at homosexuals and defend the Ku Klux Klan on its "Question Time" program.
    (AP, 10/23/09)

2009        Oct 25, In Italy 4 policemen were questioned for allegedly attempting to blackmail opposition leader Piero Marrazzo (51). The case centered on widespread media reports that a video shows the center-left politician in the company of a transsexual in a Rome apartment.
    (AP, 10/25/09)

2009        Oct 28, President Barack Obama signed a defense bill into law containing a new provision to pay Taliban fighters who renounce the insurgency. The defense also bill killed some costly weapons projects and expanded war efforts. In a major civil rights change, the law also made it a federal hate crime to assault people based on sexual orientation.
    (Reuters, 10/27/09)(AP, 10/29/09)

2009        Nov 11, The Australian Capital Territory, home to the nation's parliament, became the first Australian region to legalize civil partnership ceremonies for same-sex couples, in a move supporters hoped would spark national momentum.
    (AFP, 11/11/09)

2009        Nov 16, In Argentina 2 men were granted a marriage license in Buenos Aires, breaking ground in a country and region where laws ban gay marriage.
    (AP, 11/17/09)

2009        Nov 13, In Puerto Rico the dismembered body of college student Jorge Steven Lopez Mercado (19) was discovered along a road in the interior town of Cayey. Lopez was widely known as a volunteer for organizations advocating HIV prevention and gay rights. Suspect Juan Martinez Matos (26), was soon arrested and allegedly confessed to killing Lopez and mutilating his body. He was charged with first-degree murder and weapons violations and jailed on $4 million bond.
    (AP, 11/18/09)

2009        Nov 30, An Argentine judge issued an order blocking the continent's first gay marriage scheduled for Dec 1. National Judge Marta Gomez Alsina ordered the wedding blocked until the issue can be considered by the Supreme Court.
    (AP, 12/1/09)

2009        Dec 10, In California the Assembly’s Democratic Caucus selected openly gay Latino Democrat John Perez from Los Angeles as the lower house’s leader. He was expected to be voted in as the 68th Assembly speaker in January.
    (SFC, 12/11/09, p.A1)
2009        Dec 10, Austria’s parliament passed legislation allowing same-sex couples to enter into civil unions. The bill was slated to become law on Jan 1.
    (SFC, 12/11/09, p.A2)

2009        Dec 21, Mexico City lawmakers made the city the first in Latin America to legalize same-sex marriage, a change that will give homosexual couples more rights, including allowing them to adopt children.
    (AP, 12/21/09)

2009        Dec 27, In Malawi officials arrested 2 men for celebrating their engagement to each other in a ceremony on Dec 26. Stevem Monjeza (26) and Tiwonge Chimbalanga (20) were charged with indecency and could get 5 to 14 years in jail if convicted.
    (SFC, 12/30/09, p.A2)(SFC, 1/19/10, p.A2)

2009        Dec 28, In Argentina two men succeeded in becoming Latin America's first same-sex married couple. Gay rights activists Jose Maria Di Bello (41) and Alex Freyre (39) took their civil ceremony to the capital of Argentina's Tierra del Fuego province, where a sympathetic governor backed their bid to make Latin American history.
    (AP, 12/29/09)

2009        Dec 29, Mexico City enacted Latin America's first law recognizing gay marriage and said it hopes to attract same-sex couples from around the world to wed.
    (AP, 12/29/09)

2009        Joel Simkhai created Grindr, a dating app for the iPhone that allowed gay men to find one another. The application used GPS technology to allow gay men to find one another within walking distance.
    (SFC, 3/19/10, p.F1)

2010        Jan 1, About 15 New Hampshire gay couples braved the cold to exchange vows outside the Statehouse in Concord, as the state joined Connecticut, Iowa, Massachusetts and Vermont in allowing gay marriage.
    (SFC, 1/1/10, p.A5)

2010        Jan 8, Portugal's parliament passed a bill that would make the predominantly Catholic nation the sixth in Europe to permit gay marriage.
    (AP, 1/8/10)

2010        Jan 15, Chinese police in Beijing shut down what would have been the country’s first-ever gay pageant an hour before it was set to begin, highlighting the enduring sensitivity surrounding homosexuality and the struggle by gays to find mainstream acceptance.
    (AP, 1/15/10)

2010        Jan 19, In Cuba Mariela Castro, the daughter of pres. Raul Castro and head of the Center for Sex Education, said Cuba has begun performing state-sponsored sex-change operations. The government had lifted a longtime ban on the procedure in 2007.
    (SFC, 1/20/10, p.A2)

2010        Feb 13, In Indonesia contestants took part in the Social Cultural Transvestite Queen beauty pageant in Banda Aceh, Aceh province. The transvestite beauty pageant was held for the first time in the country's only province that officially adopted Islamic sharia law.
    (AP, 2/14/10)

2010        Feb 27, In Australia thousands of people in lavish costumes and various states of undress danced and partied their way through Sydney's streets, in the annual Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras Parade.
    (AP, 2/27/10)

2010        Mar 4, Throngs of Mexico City gay and lesbian couples registered for marriage licenses, the day Latin America's first gay-marriage law took effect.
    (AP, 3/4/10)

2010        Mar 8, In California GOP State Sen. Roy Ashburn (55) announced that he was gay on a Kern County radio station. 5 days earlier he was arrested near a gay bar in Sacramento on suspicion of drunk driving.
    (SFC, 3/10/10, p.A1)

2010        Mar 9, In Washington, DC, same sex couple began to marry as the district became the 6th place in the US to conduct same sex marriages.
    (SFC, 3/10/10, p.A10)

2010        Mar 11, In Mexico 2 glowing brides in matching white gowns and four other same-sex couples made history in Mexico City as they wed under Latin America's first law that explicitly approves gay marriage.
    (AP, 3/11/10)

2010        Mar 20, An estimate of gay men marrying heterosexual women in China was put at 90% as compared to 15-20% in the US.
    (Econ, 3/20/10, p.48)

2010        Mar 24, Indonesian police ordered the cancellation of a conference of Asian gay activists, saying it could prompt violent protests by conservative Muslim groups.
    (AP, 3/24/10)

2010        Mar 25, The US Dept. of Defense announced stricter guidelines for discharging gay and lesbian service members allowing only generals to approve discharges.
    (SFC, 3/26/10, p.A6)

2010        Apr 8, The Philippine Supreme Court overturned a decision barring a gay rights group from contesting national elections in May and recognized it as a legitimate political party for the first time.
    (AP, 4/8/10)

2010        Apr 15, The White House released a statement by Obama instructing his Health and Human Services secretary to draft rules requiring hospitals that receive Medicare and Medicaid payments to grant all patients the right to designate people, including gay and lesbian partners, who can visit and consult with them at crucial moments.
    (AP, 4/16/10)

2010        Apr 19, In Puerto Rico the naked body of Ashley Santiago Ocasio (31), born as Juan Antonio), was found at his home in the town of Corozal. Rico Ashley Santiago Ocasio (31), a transgender beauty salon owner with high cheekbones and a flair for fashion, had been shot in the head. Her car was missing and there were no signs of a break-in.
    (www.dosmanzanas.com/tag/ashley-santiago)(AP, 4/25/10)

2010        May 7, A Lithuanian appeals court said a gay pride parade in Vilnius can go ahead as planned this weekend, overturning a ban imposed by a lower court that cited security concerns.
    (AP, 5/7/10)

2010        May 8, Opponents of Lithuania's first gay pride parade threw smoke bombs and tried to break through a barrier but were stopped by police firing tear gas.
    (AP, 5/8/10)

2010        May 15, In Cuba hundreds of gay and lesbian activists, some dressed in drag and others sporting multicolored flags representing sexual diversity, marched and danced through the streets of Havana along with the daughter of Cuban President Raul Castro as part of a celebration aimed at eliminating homophobia around the world.
    (AP, 5/15/10)

 2010        May 17, Portugal’s Pres. Anibal Cavaco Silva said he would not veto a new law allowing same-sex marriages because majority liberal lawmakers would only override his decision.
    (SFC, 5/18/10, p.A3)

2010        May 18, In Malawi a gay couple, arrested after throwing a party to celebrate their engagement in this conservative southern African country, were convicted of unnatural acts and gross indecency. On May 20 a judge sentenced the couple to the maximum 14 years in prison with hard labor under Malawi's anti-gay legislation. On May 29 President Bingu wa Mutharika announced a pardon and ordered their release. 
    (AP, 5/18/10)(AP, 5/20/10)(AP, 5/29/10)

2010        May 22, In Slovakia authorities in Bratislava called off the country’s first-ever gay pride parade following attacks by neo-Nazis.
    (SSFC, 5/23/10, p.A6)

2010        May 26, In Morocco Islamists were outraged by the visit of gay pop star Elton John, while the royal palace, government and his many fans backed his appearance in Rabat.
    (AP, 5/27/10)

2010        May 29, In Russia 2 Gay Pride parades were held without arrests in Moscow, the first time the notoriously intolerant Russian authorities have not intervened since the inaugural attempt to hold the event in the capital in 2006.
    (AP, 5/29/10)

2010        Jun 2, President Barack Obama expanded benefits for same-sex partners of federal employees, a move likely to be welcomed by gay rights activists who have questioned his commitment to their causes.
    (Reuters, 6/2/10)

2010        Jun 6, In Brazil millions of gays and lesbians jammed several of Sao Paulo's main avenues for the 14th annual gay pride parade in South America's largest city.
    (AP, 6/7/10)

2010        Jun 7, In Portugal a lesbian couple wed in the country’s first same-sex ceremony since the predominantly Catholic country introduced a law allowing gay marriage last month.
    (AP, 6/7/10)

2010        Jun 8, Britain’s Anglican Communion suspended US Episcopalians from serving on ecumenical bodies because of the election of lesbian Rev. Canon Mary Glasspool as an assistant bishop in Los Angeles on June 5.
    (SFC, 6/9/10, p.A2)

2010        Jun 19, In Germany tens of thousands of gays, lesbians and other revelers marched and danced in downtown Berlin for the German capital's annual gay pride celebration, which featured a colorful parade through the heart of the city.
    (AP, 6/19/10)

2010        Jun 24, The Strasbourg-based European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that European law does not require countries to grant same-sex couples the right to marry, even if some states have already done so. The ECHR is part of the Council of Europe, which promotes democracy and the rule of law among its 47 member states.
    (Reuters, 6/25/10)

2010        Jun 26, In Mexico City thousands of people took part in a gay pride parade, celebrating the city's historic decision six months ago to become the first city in Latin America to allow same-sex marriage.
    (AFP, 6/27/10)

2010        Jun 27, San Francisco held its 40th annual Gay Pride Parade undeterred by a fatal shooting the previous evening in the Castro neighborhood.
    (SFC, 6/28/10, p.A1)
2010        Jun 27, Iceland's PM Johanna Sigurdardottir (68) married her partner under a new law legalizing same-sex marriage in the country.
    (AP, 6/28/10)

2010        Jul 8, US District Court Judge Joseph Tauro ruled that the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), which bars the federal government from recognizing gay marriage, is unconstitutional.
    (www.aolnews.com/tag/Joseph-Tauro/)

2010        Jul 15, Argentina legalized same-sex marriage, becoming the first country in Latin America to grant gays and lesbians all the legal rights, responsibilities and protections that marriage brings to heterosexual couples.
    (AP, 7/15/10)

2010        Jul 17, In Poland thousands of gays and lesbians from around Europe marched through Warsaw to demand equal rights and more tolerance toward homosexuals.
    (AP, 7/17/10)

2010        Jul 21, In Argentina Pres. Cristina Fernandez signed a new law making Argentina the first country in Latin America to legalize marriage for same-sex couples.
    (AP, 7/22/10)

2010        Jul 29, Thousands of Israelis marched calmly in Jerusalem's longest gay pride parade despite opposition from anti-gay demonstrators.
    (AP, 7/29/10)

2010        Jul, In Derby, England, a group of Muslim men handed out leaflets calling for homosexuals to be "punished" and given the death sentence outside and near the Jamia Mosque in Rosehill Street. They also put the leaflets through people's letterboxes in the neighborhood. In 2012 Ihjaz Ali (42), Mehboob Hussain (45), Umar Javed (38), Razwan Javed (27), and Kabir Ahmed (28), are accused of stirring up hatred on the grounds of sexual orientation, denied the charges.
    (AFP, 1/10/12)

2010        Aug 4, US Federal Judge Vaughn Walker struck down California's same-sex marriage ban as an unconstitutional violation of gay couples' civil rights, but a pending appeal of the landmark ruling could prevent gay weddings from resuming in the state any time soon.
    (AP, 8/5/10)(Econ, 8/7/10, p.30)
2010        Aug 4, A Sudanese court sentenced 19 young Muslim men to 30 lashes and a fine for breaking moral codes by wearing women's clothes and makeup, a case exposing Sudanese sensitivity toward homosexuality.
    (Reuters, 8/4/10)

2010        Aug 10, Mexico's Supreme Court ruled that all 31 states must recognize same-sex marriages performed in the capital, though its decision does not force those states to begin marrying gay couples in their territory.
    (AP, 8/11/10)

2010        Aug 16, Mexico's Supreme Court voted to uphold a Mexico City law allowing adoptions by same-sex couples, drawing jubilant cheers from gay advocacy groups and angry protests from Roman Catholic Church representatives.
    (AP, 8/16/10)

2010        Aug 31, Spanish police said that for the first time they have broken up a human-trafficking gang that brought men to the country to work as prostitutes, providing them with Viagra, cocaine and other stimulant drugs to be available for sex with other men 24 hours a day. Authorities arrested 14 people, mainly Brazilians, on suspicion of running the organization and another 17 alleged prostitutes for being in Spain illegally.
    (AP, 8/31/10)

2010        Sep 9, A US federal judge in southern California ruled that the US military’s ban on openly gay service members is unconstitutional under the First Amendment. Judge Virginia Phillips ruled for the plaintiffs, a group of gay activists know as the Log Cabin Republicans.
    (SFC, 9/9/10, p.A9)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.40)

2010        Sep 16, Israel's Supreme Court ordered the Jerusalem city government to provide more than $120,000 in funding for a prominent gay community center. It was reported that Israeli government offices, that provide a wide array of public services, are pulling the plug on online payments on the Jewish Sabbath and holidays, creating a potential new source of friction between the religious and secular in the Jewish state.
    (AP, 9/16/10)

2010        Sep 22, Rutgers Univ. freshman Tyler Clementi jumped to his death from the George Washington Bridge. On Sep 19 his roommate and another student had used a webcam to view Clementi having sex with another man. Roommate Dharun Ravi and Molly Wei were soon charged with invasion of privacy. On April 20, 2011, Ravi was charged with a hate crime and accused of deleting tweets and texts to cover his tracks. On May 21, 2012, Ravi was sentenced to 30 days in jail and 3 years probation. Ravi was also ordered to get counseling and to pay $10,000 toward a program to help victims of bias crimes.
    (SFC, 4/21/11, p.A9)(SFC, 2/25/12, p.A8)(SFC, 5/22/12, p.A6)

2010        Sep 28, Seth Walsh (13), a California middle school student, died in the hospital, days after he attempted to take his own life after reportedly enduring relentless bullying.
    (www.cbsnews.com/8301-504083_162-20018025-504083.html)

2010        Oct 1, Moscow police detained several gay rights opponents at the first sanctioned gay rights protest in years. Former Mayor Yuri Luzhkov, fired on Sep 28, had compared gay people to the devil and forbade gay rights rallies.
    (SFC, 10/2/10, p.A2)

2010        Oct 3, In NYC a potential recruit for the Latin King Goonies street gang and 2 other men were beaten and sodomized for their sexual contacts. 8 suspects were later arrested and one more was sought in the gruesome assaults. 2 more suspects were charged on Oct 12.
    (SFC, 10/9/10, p.A7)(SSFC, 10/10/10, p.A10)(AP, 10/13/10)

2010        Oct 10, In Serbia a gay rights parade in Belgrade descended into violence as thousands of police deployed to protect marchers clashed with gangs of anti-gay protesters, sparking riots, injuries and dozens of arrests.
    (Reuters, 10/10/10)

2010        Oct 12, A US federal judge ordered an immediate halt to military discharges under the “don’t ask, don’t tell" policy. District Judge Virginia Phillips of Riverside, Ca., had ruled the 1993 law unconstitutional on Sep 9.
    (SFC, 10/13/10, p.A1)

2010        Oct 20, The US Ninth circuit Court of Appeals granted the Obama administration’s request for a temporary stay allowing military authorities to resume discharging openly gay and lesbian troops after a one week halt.
    (SFC, 10/21/10, p.A6)

2010        Nov 1, In Uganda a controversial newspaper in Kampala published photos, names and home addresses of gay Ugandans, the second time the paper has done so, prompting a rights group to seek a legal injunction against the publication.
    (AP, 11/1/10)

2010        Nov 6, In Argentina thousands marched in a Gay Pride parade, celebrating the country's status as the first in Latin America to legalize same-sex marriage and vowing to campaign for new rights for transgender people. More than 500 same-sex couples have been married since President Cristina Fernandez signed the law on July 21. The theme of the parade was "let's go for more," specifically, a "gender identity" law to enable individuals to change their gender on birth certificates and identity cards.
    (AP, 11/7/10)

2010        Nov 7, In Spain Pope Benedict XVI consecrated a world monument to family, the Sagrada Familia church, but faced a gay kiss-in protest before he attacked abortion and defended male-female marriage.
    (AFP, 11/7/10)

2010        Nov 9, Londoners Tom Freeman (26) and Katherine Doyle (26), after having their application to form a civil partnership rejected by officials at their local town hall in Islington, north London, said they will go to court to win the right. They were being backed by gay rights activists, who hope a ruling that allows straight couples the right to a civil partnership would mean, in turn, that gay couples have the right to wed.
    (AP, 11/9/10)

2010        Nov 10, In Malaysia "Dalam Botol" (In A Bottle), a Malay-language film, earned applause from movie bloggers invited to its first public screening, three months before its scheduled nationwide release. It is about a man who gets a sex change operation because he thought it would satisfy his male lover, but ends up regretting it. Censors now say depictions of homosexuality are no longer barred, as long as being gay isn't condoned.
    (AP, 11/11/10)

2010        Nov 12, The US Supreme Court allowed the Pentagon to continue preventing openly gay people from serving in the military while a federal appeals court reviews the "don't ask, don't tell" policy.
    (AP, 11/13/10)

2010        Nov 14, In Brazil a gay youth, Douglas Igor Marques Luiz (19), was shot by men in military uniforms in Rio de Janeiro following mammoth gay pride parade. 2 sergeants were arrested on Nov 18. An army statement says one of the suspects acknowledged shooting Luiz.
    (AP, 11/17/10)(AP, 11/18/10)

2010        Nov 28, Kenya’s PM Raila Odinga said homosexuals who are found in the midst of sex acts will be arrested. Odinga's spokesman said in a statement later that night that the prime minister was quoted out of context.
    (AP, 11/29/10)

2010        Dec 1, The Illinois Legislature voted to legalize civil unions.
    (SFC, 12/2/10, p.A13)

2010        Dec 10, The Brazilian government said gay couples in stable relationships are entitled the same social security pension benefits enjoyed by heterosexual couples.
    (SFC, 12/11/10, p.A2)

2010        Dec 15, Human Rights Watch said Iranians convicted for same-sex activities are on death row and awaiting hanging, including several who were minors when arrested.
    (AP, 12/15/10)

2010        Dec 18, In a historic vote for gay rights, the US Senate agreed to do away with the military's 17-year ban on openly gay troops and sent President Barack Obama legislation to overturn the Clinton-era policy known as "don't ask, don't tell."
    (AP, 12/19/10)

2010        Dec 22, President Barack Obama fulfilled a campaign promise and signed a landmark law repealing the ban on gay men and women serving openly in the armed services.
    (AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Dec 24, Thailand film director Tanwarin Sukkhapisit said she plans to appeal a decision by the National Film Board that her film, "Insects in the Backyard," cannot not be shown in Thailand because it is immoral and pornographic. The movie was about a transgender father struggling to raise two children.
    (AP, 12/24/10)

2010        Leila J. Rupp authored “Sapphistries: A Global History of Love Between Women."
    (SSFC, 2/14/10, p.F5)
2010        Iowa’s Supreme Court struck down a ban on gay marriage. Anti-gay-marriage groups targeted three judges and all 3 lost their seats.
    (Econ, 11/24/12, p.32)

2011        Jan 8, Investigators told Brazil’s G1 news website that 2 brothers have been charged with killing their father, a local Afro-Brazilian religious leader, by knocking him out with sleeping pills and then burying him alive in Maranhao state. The brothers told police their father was a violent man who drank too much and didn't accept their homosexuality.
    (AP, 1/8/11)

2011        Jan 7, In NYC Carlos Castro (65), a gay Portuguese TV reporter, was found castrated and bludgeoned to death at the InterContinental Hotel. His young boyfriend, model Renato Seabra (21) was arrested by police.
    (SSFC, 1/9/11, p.A11)

2011        Jan 26, In Uganda David Kato, a prominent gay rights activist whose picture was published by an anti-gay newspaper next to the words "Hang Them," was bludgeoned to death. Police said that his sexual orientation had nothing to do with the killing and that one "robber" had been arrested. On Nov 10 Enoch Nsubuga (22) was sentenced to 30 years in jail for the brutal slaying. Nsubuga claimed that he had been reacting to unwanted demands for sex.
    (AP, 1/27/11)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.96)(AFP, 11/11/11)

2011        Jan 28, France's top constitutional watchdog ruled that law prohibiting gay marriage does not violate the constitution, all but challenging parliament to debate overturning the ban.
    (AP, 1/28/11)

2011        Feb 1, Derek Rawcliffe (89), the first Church of England bishop to be open about his homosexuality, died. Rawcliffe disclosed his homosexuality on television in 1995, when he was serving as an honorary bishop in Ripon and Leeds diocese. He was dismissed the following year for conducting blessings of same-sex couples.
    (AP, 2/11/11)

2011        Feb 10, A new Thai airline reported the hiring of transsexual ladyboys as flight attendants, aiming at a unique identity to set itself apart from competitors as it sets out for the skies. PC Air, a charter airline set to start operations on Asian routes in April, has thus far chosen 4 ladyboys, along with 19 female and 7 male flight attendants.
    (Reuters, 2/10/11)

2011        Feb 14, A Swiss court said an Iranian man convicted of heroin trafficking will be expelled and returned to his home country, even though the man claimed that he could be persecuted for being homosexual.
    (AFP, 2/14/11)

2011        Feb 16, Hawaii lawmakers approved a bill to allow civil unions from same-sex couples. Gov. Neil Abercrombie planned to sign it and civil unions would begin Jan 1, 2012.
    (SFC, 2/17/11, p.A6)

2011        Feb 17, Britain's government said gay couples are to be allowed civil partnership ceremonies in churches, erasing some of the last remaining distinctions between gay partnerships and traditional marriages.
    (AP, 2/17/11)

2011        Feb 23, The Obama administration decided to stop defending a 1996 federal law banning marital benefits for same-sex couples.
    (SFC, 2/24/11, p.A1)

2011        Mar 2, The US Supreme Court, in an endorsement of free speech, decided 8-1 that anti-gay protesters, who picket funerals of US soldiers, cannot be sued.
    (SFC, 3/3/11, p.A5)
2011        Mar 2, In St. Lucia three gay men from Atlanta were beaten and robbed after masked bandits broke into their mountain rental home in Soufriere. Police later arrested two suspects in the assault and looked for three more.
    (AP, 3/14/11)

2011        Mar 5, In Australia hundreds of thousands of revelers crammed inner Sydney streets for one of the world's premier gay and lesbian parades.
    (AP, 3/5/11)

2011        Mar 31, South Korea's Constitutional Court upheld a military law banning homosexual behavior, saying the need to maintain discipline takes precedence over individual sexual freedom.
    (AFP, 3/31/11)

2011        Mar, In Cameroon Roger Jean-Claude Mbede was arrested in connection with the text message and convicted the following month under a law that imposes up to five years in prison for homosexual acts. He received a three-year sentence. Mbede (34) died on Jan 10, 2014, after his family removed him from a hospital where he had been seeking treatment for a hernia.
    (AP, 1/12/14)

2011        Apr 14, Zimbabwe President Mugabe condemned gay "filth" in Europe, as he lambasted Western powers for maintaining their asset freeze and travel ban on him and his inner circle. Mugabe also said the government would go ahead with the takeover of foreign companies.
    (AP, 4/14/11)(Reuters, 4/14/11)

2011        Apr 18, Hungary's center-right-dominated parliament adopted a socially and fiscally conservative new constitution, with 262 votes in favor, 44 against and one member abstaining. It included a ban on gay marriage protection of the life of a fetus from conception.
    (AFP, 4/18/11)(SFC, 4/19/11, p.A2)

2011        Apr 19, A Malaysian official said authorities have sent 66 Muslim schoolboys identified by teachers as effeminate to a four-day camp where they will receive counseling on masculine behavior to discourage them from being gay.
    (AP, 4/19/11)

2011        Apr 24, In South Africa the body of Noxolo Nogwaza (24) was found in a drainage ditch choked with trash and high reeds. The lesbian activist had been repeatedly stabbed with broken glass, and beaten so severely with chunks of concrete that her teeth had been knocked out.
    (AP, 5/10/11)(http://wherethegirlsgo.com/tag/noxolo-nogwaza/)

2011        May 5, Brazil's high court ruled that same-sex civil unions must be recognized, a decision welcomed as a watershed by gay activists who also hope it will cool rising violence against homosexuals in Latin America's most populous nation.
    (AP, 5/6/11)

2011        May 10, The Court of Justice of the EU ruled that gay couples in civil partnerships should enjoy the same rights as heterosexual married couples.
    (SFC, 5/11/11, p.A2)

2011        May 14, Cubans held a short but colorful parade celebrating sexual diversity to mark the International Day Against Homophobia.
    (AP, 5/14/11)

2011        May 25, Brazil's Pres. Dilma Rousseff suspended an anti-homophobia campaign that had been planned to begin at schools this year because she thought the videos and pamphlets weren't appropriate for children.
    (AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 25, Grenada's director of public prosecution said a 41-year-old man was charged with having sex with an unidentified 17-year-old man. The Caribbean island had a law against homosexual acts on the books but was rarely enforced. A 2010 United Nations report said the penalty on most Caribbean islands, including Grenada, is up to 10 years in prison, although Barbados and Guyana have life imprisonment.
    (AP, 5/25/11)

2011        May 28, Moscow police arrested more than 30 people trying to hold two unauthorized gay-rights demonstrations in the capital.
    (AP, 5/28/11)

2011        May 31, The South African Human Rights Commission said South Africa's ambassador to Uganda, a country criticized for threatening the rights of gays, has been found guilty of hate speech for an anti-gay column he wrote before his appointment. Jon Qwelane  was ordered to apologize and pay a fine of 100,000 rand (about $14,000) that the human rights commission will donate to a gay rights organization.
    (AP, 5/31/11)

2011        Jun 1, Illinois became the 6th US state to allow civil unions or their equivalent.
    (SFC, 6/2/11, p.A6)

2011        Jun 6, Syrian American lesbian blogger Amina Arraf was allegedly last seen in Damascus after being bundled into a car by 3 men in civilian clothes. On June 13 this story was revealed as a hoax and a 40-year old American man living in Scotland apologized for posing as Arraf.
    (SFC, 6/8/11, p.A2)(SFC, 6/14/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 11, Texas Gov. Rick Perry’s proclamation, issued on June 6, continued to evoke controversy. The governor, who declared that August 6th should be a “day of prayer and fasting for our nation’s challenges," invited other governors to join him at an evangelical Christian prayer service, sponsored by groups that include the American Family Association, known for its opposition to gay rights and its condemnation of homosexuality.
            (NYT, 6/12/11, p. A31)
2011        Jun 11, Pop star Lady Gaga performed at a large gay pride rally at Rome’s Circus Maximus. She also used the appearance to speak out in favor of full equality for gay men and lesbians, and to denounce countries that show intolerance to those who are different.
            (AP, 6/11/11)(AFP, 6/11/11)

2011        Jun 13, A 20-judge US federal bankruptcy court unanimously declared that a law denying federal benefits to same-sex couples is unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 6/15/11, p.A1)

2011         Jun 14, In California US District Judge James Ware has upheld the ruling made by another judge, Vaughn Walker, which overturned a ban on gay marriage. In August 2010, Walker ruled that California’s Proposition 8 discriminated against gay people. Opponents of gay marriage appealed, saying Walker should have recused himself because he is gay and thus unable to be impartial. But Judge Ware rejected the appeal, saying that with such logic, a female judge could not rule on any cases where a woman was seeking legal relief, and a minority judge could not rule on civil rights cases.     
            (LAT, 6/14/11)(Reuters, 6/14/11)

2011        Jun 19, Liechtenstein 69% of voters backed a new law giving gay and lesbian couples the right to formally register their partnerships.
    (SFC, 6/20/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 21, The World Health Organization (WHO) urged governments to eliminate laws criminalizing sexual activity between consenting men, as part of an effort to ensure they get equal access to HIV prevention and treatment.
    (AP, 6/21/11)

2011        Jun 24, New York became the sixth and largest state in the country to legalize gay marriage, breathing life into the national gay rights movement that had stalled over a nearly identical bill here two years ago. Pending any court challenges, legal gay marriages can begin in NY by late July after Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed his bill into law just before midnight. It would be effective on July 24.
    (AP, 6/25/11)(Econ, 7/2/11, p.22)

2011        Jun 25, In Paris tens of thousands turned out for a gay pride parade. In Germany thousands packed downtown Berlin for the 33rd annual CSD (Christopher Street Day) festival, an annual European LGBT celebration and demonstration held in various cities across Europe for the rights of LGBT people.
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A10)
2011        Jun 25, Russian police detained 14 gay rights activists trying to hold an unsanctioned demonstration in St. Petersburg, as well as one person suspected of attacking the protesters.
    (AP, 6/25/11)

2011        Jun 26, In Brazil hundreds of thousands of people danced and wore costumes in the streets of Sao Paulo to celebrate gay pride and call for an end to homophobia.
    (AP, 6/27/11)

2011        Jun 27, A Brazilian state judge approved what the court said is the nation's first gay marriage. Sao Paulo state Judge Fernando Henrique Pinto ruled two men could convert their civil union into a full marriage.
    (AP, 6/27/11)

2011        Jul 4, In Pakistan some 28,000 people escaped Kurram in a mass exodus after the offensive was launched, with the army saying that artillery and fighter jets had swung into action to drive out "terrorists." Hundreds of Islamists held rallies in major cities to denounce a gay rights event hosted last month by the United States embassy.
    (AP, 7/5/11)(AFP, 7/4/11)

2011        Jul 5, A bill to require California public schools to teach the historical accomplishments of gay men and lesbians passed the state Legislature on a vote of 49-25, without a single Republican supporting it.
    (Reuters, 7/5/11)

2011        Jul 14, Gov. Jerry Brown signed a bill making California the first state in the nation to add lessons about gays and lesbians to social studies classes in public schools.
    (AP, 7/15/11)

2011        Jul 22, Pres. Obama formally certified that gays will be able to serve openly in the US military in 60 days as the controversial 17-year policy of “don’t ask, don’t tell" is repealed.
    (SFC, 7/23/11, p.A4)

2011        Jul 24, Wedding fever hit New York, as hundreds of gay and lesbian couples lined up to be married on the first day that same-sex marriage was legal in the state.
    (Reuters, 7/24/11)

2011        Jul 25, In India some 3,000 eunuchs met in Kolkata to draft a strategy to highlight the poverty, discrimination and sexual abuse faced by them. The term eunuch is used in India to describe transvestites, transsexuals and others who identify themselves as neither male nor female but as a members of a third gender.
    (AP, 7/25/11)

2011        Aug 13, In Cuba a gay man and a woman whose sex-change operation was paid for by the state were married in Havana.
    (SSFC, 8/14/11, p.A5)
2011        Aug 13, The Czech Republic’s first gay pride parade was held in Prague under strong police guard as some 3,000 gays and lesbians marched through the city center.
    (SSFC, 8/14/11, p.A5)

2011        Aug 14, In Nepal hundreds of gay, lesbian, transgender people marched with supporters in the southern town of Narayanghat to demand equal rights under a new constitution the country is in the process of writing.
    (AP, 8/14/11)

2011        Aug 26, Cameroon authorities charged four people aged 17 to 46 with homosexuality and remanded them in custody. Homosexuality is outlawed in Cameroon and those arrested risk five years in prison.
    (AFP, 8/27/11)

2011        Sep 4, Iran executed three men for homosexuality. They were hanged in the south-western city of Ahvaz, the capital of Khuzestan province.
    (Econ, 2/4/12, p.63)(http://tinyurl.com/3jkjmyn)

2011        Sep 13, A Thailand court ordered the military to stop labeling transgender people as being mentally ill in a decision praised by activists.
    (AP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 15, Australia’s government said Australian passports will now have three gender options: male, female and indeterminate, under new guidelines to remove discrimination against transgender and intersex people.
    (AP, 9/15/11)

2011        Sep 20, The US military’s 17-year old “Don’t ask, don’t tell" policy, regarding sexual orientation, officially ended.
    (SFC, 9/21/11, p.A1)

2011        Sep 19, Jamey Rodemeyer (14), of Williamsville, NY, took his life after what his parents claim was years of bullying because of struggles with his sexuality. On Sep 25 Lady Gaga performed a tribute to Rodemeyer at the iheartradio music festival.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6k7qs22)

2011        Sep 27, The US Census Bureau released figures indicating that same-sex households had increased by 80% over the past decade.
    (SFC, 9/28/11, p.A1)

2011        Oct 1, Russian police detained dozens of anti-gay protesters and gay rights activists during a gay pride rally in central Moscow.
    (AP, 10/1/11)

2011        Oct 2, Uganda’s first gay bar, the Sappho Islands, was padlocked by the landlord, who said the bar was noisy and attracted "strange" people.
    (AP, 10/6/11)

2011        Oct 7, In South Africa 4 men were convicted of murdering a lesbian in Cape Town, in a case that dragged on for five years and heightened concerns about "corrective rape" targeting gay women. In 2006 The men stoned, kicked and stabbed to death Zoliswa Nkonyana (19) just meters (yards) from her home.
    (AFP, 10/7/11)

2011        Oct 8, In Wisconsin Scott Anderson (56) was ordained as the first US Presbyterian church gay minister at Covenant Presbyterian Church in Madison.
    (AP, 10/9/11)

2011        Oct 29, In Denmark Axel Axgil (96), whose struggle for gay rights helped make Denmark the first country to legalize same-sex partnerships, died in Copenhagen.
    (AP, 10/30/11)
2011        Oct 29, In Taiwan thousands of gay rights supporters marched through Taipei, its ninth annual gay rights parade, calling for increased tolerance and the enactment of anti-discrimination legislation.
    (AP, 10/29/11)

2011        Nov 3, Malaysia’s deputy national police chief Khalid Abu Bakar said a decision to halt the three-year-old "Seksualiti Merdeka" (Sexuality Freedom) festival set for November 9-13 has come after Muslims called for it to be banned. Organizers slammed the move as proof of the repression homosexuals face in the socially conservative Muslim country.
    (AFP, 11/3/11)

2011        Nov 8, In Poland a transsexual woman and an openly gay man took seats in the newly elected parliament, historic firsts that reflect profound social change in this traditionally Roman Catholic country. Both belong to Palikot's Movement, a new progressive party that became the third-largest party in parliament in the Oct. 9 election.
    (AP, 11/8/11)

2011        Nov 12, In South Africa renowned cricket writer Peter Roebuck (55) was about to be detained over the alleged sexual assault of a Zimbabwean man when he plunged to his death.
    (AFP, 11/14/11)

2011        Nov 14, Brazil’s Federal Register noted that the government for the first time has granted a foreign citizen the right to live permanently in the country based on a same-sex relationship with a Brazilian citizen.
    (AP, 11/14/11)

2011        Nov 20, In India a fire blazed through a makeshift tent in east Delhi where eunuchs, a community of castrated men, transvestites and transsexuals, had gathered to honor deceased friends. 15 people were killed.
    (AP, 11/21/11)

2011        Nov 22, A Cameroon court sentenced three gay men, arrested in July, to five years imprisonment and a fine, the heaviest sentence provided by local law, which bans homosexuality.
    (AFP, 11/23/11)

2011        Nov 29, Nigeria's Senate voted to criminalize gay marriage, gay advocacy groups and same-sex public displays of affection, the latest legislation targeting a minority already facing discrimination in Africa's most populous nation. The bill must be passed by Nigeria's House of Representatives and signed by President Goodluck Jonathan before becoming law.
    (AP, 11/29/11)

2011        Nov 30, Argentina’s Chamber of Deputies approved a bill allowing all transvestites and transsexuals to be recognized by the gender of their choice.
    (AP, 11/30/11)

2011        Dec 3, In the Philippines more than 1,000 gays, lesbians and transgenders marched in Manila to demand equal rights, an end to discrimination, and more support for AIDS programs.
    (AP, 12/3/11)

2012        Jan 12, Canada’s government abruptly argued that the same-sex marriages of many foreigners who wed in Canada are not valid, a move that stunned the gay community and could affect thousands of couples.
    (Reuters, 1/12/12)

2012        Jan 20, Malaysian prosecutors filed a notice of appeal against the acquittal of opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim on sodomy charges, sending the long-running divisive case back to court.
    (AFP, 1/20/12)

2012        Jan 26, Ecuador’s health ministry said it will investigate and act forcefully against any clinics found to be trying to force homosexuals to change their sexual orientation.
    (SFC, 1/27/12, p.A2)

2012        Feb 7, The 9th Circuit Court in California struck down as unconstitutional the state's voter-passed ban on gay marriage, ruling 2-1 that it violates the rights of gay Californians.
    (AP, 2/7/12)(SFC, 2/8/12, p.A1)

2012        Feb 13, Washington state Gov. Chris Gregoire signed into law a measure that makes his state the seventh to legalize same-sex marriage, effective June 7. Opponents almost immediately filed a referendum to challenge the new law, meaning voters likely will have the final say.
    (AP, 2/14/12)

2012        Feb 14, A Ugandan minister raided and shut down a workshop run by homosexual rights activists in Entebbe, days after a draconian anti-gay bill was reintroduced.
    (AFP, 2/15/12)

2012        Feb 16, The New Jersey Assembly passed legislation (42-33) legalizing same-sex marriage, sending the bill to Republican Governor Chris Christie, a possible vice-presidential candidate. Gov. Christie vetoed the measure the next day.
    (Reuters, 2/16/12)(AP, 2/17/12)

2012        Feb 18, In Arizona Pinal County Sheriff Paul Babeu resigned as a volunteer co-chair of Republican presidential hopeful Mitt Romney's campaign in Arizona after he was accused of threatening a former male lover with deportation to Mexico if he talked about their relationship.
    (Reuters, 2/19/12)

2012        Feb 24, The Interamerican Court of Human Rights condemned the Chilean government for denying Magistrate Karen Atala custody of her three daughters because she is a lesbian. Atala filed a complaint with the Interamerican Commission of Human Rights in Nov. 2004 after Chile's Supreme Court decided to give custody of her daughters to her ex-husband because she is lesbian.
    (AP, 3/21/12)

2012        Mar 1, Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley signed into a law a bill to legalize same-sex marriage.
    (SFC, 3/2/12, p.A8)

2012        Mar 2, Norman St John-Stevas (82), a gay British academic and Conservative politician died.
    (Econ, 3/10/12, p.70)

2012        Mar 3, In Chile Daniel Zamudio (24), a gay man, suffered severe head trauma and a broken right leg in a beating in Santiago. A swastika was drawn on the victim's chest by the unidentified assailants, leading to speculation that neo-Nazis may have attacked him. Doctors put him into an induced coma while treating his head trauma.
    (AP, 3/6/12)

2012        Mar 10, Iraqi security and hospital sources said at least 14 youths have been stoned to death in Baghdad in the past three weeks in what appears to be a campaign by Shi'ite militants against youths wearing Western-style "emo" clothes and haircuts. Officials and human rights groups said Iraqi teenagers widely perceived to be gay are being brutally killed in Baghdad with Shiite militias distributing lists of targets warning of further assaults.
    (Reuters, 3/10/12)(AFP, 3/11/12)

2012        Mar 11, In Russia a law took effect in St. Petersburg which, in part prohibits "the propaganda of homosexuality and pedophilia among minors. Gay rights activists said it would criminalize even reading, writing or speaking about gay, lesbian, or transgender people. Violations carry hefty fines up to $16,700.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7pwa2zk)

2012        Mar 14, Sexual Minorities Uganda (SMUG) filed suit against Scott Lively of the Abiding Truth Ministries at a Massachusetts court, claiming he pushed Ugandan officials to crack down on homosexuals.
    (AFP, 3/16/12)

2012        Mar 16, A New Jersey jury found former Rutgers student Dharun Ravi guilty on all counts for using a webcam to spy on his roommate, Tyler Clementi, having a gay sexual encounter in 2010. Clementi's case gained national attention when he committed suicide by jumping off the George Washington Bridge Sept. 22, 2010.
    (www.nytimes.com/2012/03/17/nyregion/defendant-guilty-in-rutgers-case.html)

2012        Mar 21, In Dominica two California men on a gay cruise of the Caribbean were arrested on the Celebrity Summit cruise ship on suspicion of indecent exposure and "buggery," a term equivalent to sodomy on the island. The next day John Robert Hart (41) and Dennis Jay Mayer (43) of Palm Springs pleaded guilty. Chief Magistrate Evaline Baptiste ordered the men to pay a nearly $900 fine after calling them "rogues and vagabonds." They made no comment after the hearing and police drove the men to the airport after they were released.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)(AFP, 3/23/12)

2012        Mar 27, In Chile Daniel Zamudio, a young gay man, died following a March 3 attack in Santiago. Attackers had brutally beaten him and carved swastikas into his body. The suspects included Raul Alfonso Lopez (25); Alejandro Axel Angulo Tapia (26); Patricio Ahumada Garay (25); and Fabian Mora Mora (19). On Oct 28, 2013, Garay was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 3/29/12)(SFC, 10/29/13, p.A2)

2012        Apr 3, Guyana said it is launching a national debate on whether to eliminate its death penalty and overhaul laws that discriminate against gays, lesbians and transgender people.
    (AP, 4/4/12)

2012        Apr 4, Chile's Congress passed an anti-discrimination law following the killing of a gay man whose attackers beat him and carved swastikas into his body.
    (AP, 4/4/12)

2012        Apr 6, In Indiana Richard Leon Finkbinder (39) was arrested  and charged with coercing 2 teenage boys into performing online sex acts for him by threatening to post on gay porn sites videos he secretly made of them.
    (SFC, 4/10/12, p.A12)

2012        Apr 8, In South Africa Andreas Derleth, a towering German who lives in New Zealand, took the title of Mr Gay World. He beat out 21 other men, including the first black African contestants. Most of the contestants came from Europe and the Americas, with none from the Muslim world and few from Africa and Asia.
    (AFP, 4/9/12)

2012        Apr 20, In Israel the Conservative Jewish Seminary said it will allows gays and lesbians to become rabbis.
    (SFC, 4/21/12, p.A2)

2012        Apr 21, Gambia's President Yahya Jammeh warned foreign diplomats his country would not be "bribed" with aid to accept homosexuality.
    (AFP, 4/22/12)

2012        May 8, North Carolinians voted to change the state constitution to say that the only valid "domestic legal partnership" in the state is marriage between a man and a woman. The amendment passed 61 to 39 percent, making North Carolina the 29th state with a gay marriage ban in its constitution.
    (http://tinyurl.com/d8r8f2t)

2012        May 9, President Barack Obama announced his support for gay marriage and boosted the hopes of gay rights groups around the world. Opponents denounced his switch as a shameless appeal for votes.
    (AP, 5/9/12)
2012        May 9, Argentina’s senate passed a gender identity law giving people the freedom to change their legal and physical gender identity simply because they want to, without having to undergo judicial, psychiatric and medical procedures beforehand.
    (AFP, 5/10/12)

2012        May 14, Rhode Island Gov. Lincoln Chafee issued an executive order that the state will recognize same-sex marriages performed elsewhere.
    (SFC, 5/15/12, p.A6)

2012        May 19, The NAACP passed a resolution endorsing same-sex marriage as a civil right and opposing any efforts "to codify discrimination or hatred into the law."
    (AP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, In Malaysia a Canadian Muslim gay activist launched her controversial new book on liberal Islam despite a government minister's attempts to shut down the event. Irshad Manji launched "Allah, Liberty and Love" at a hastily arranged event in Kuala Lumpur after two other venues pulled out of hosting her. Her previous internationally acclaimed book, "The Trouble with Islam Today," was already banned in Malaysia.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)

2012        May 27, In Russia gay activists tried to stage two demonstrations in Moscow to demand the right to hold a gay pride parade in the Russian capital, but they were blocked first by Orthodox Christian opponents and then by police, who detained a total of about 40 people from both sides.
    (AP, 5/27/12)

2012        May 31, A US federal appeals court in Boston declared that the Defense of Marriage Act unconstitutionally denies federal benefits to married gay couples, a groundbreaking ruling all but certain to wind up before the US Supreme Court.
    (AP, 5/31/12)

2012        May, Malawi's president Joyce Banda announced that she wants to repeal laws against homosexual acts, going against a trend in a continent in which gays are being increasingly singled out for prosecution. Traditionalists and religious leaders condemned her, saying she was trying to please Western donor nations. They argued that homosexuality is alien to Malawi's cultural and religious values.
    (AP, 11/8/12)

2012        Jun 2, In Latvia several hundred activists from the Baltic states and neighboring countries braved rain and hail to participate in an annual parade in defense of gay and lesbian rights. The Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania have largely proven to be intolerant toward gays and lesbians despite having joined the European Union in 2004.
    (AFP, 6/2/12)

2012        Jun 3, In Utah nearly 300 Mormons marched in a gay pride parade in Salt Lake City, holding signs that read "God Loves His Children" in a unique display of support from believers of a religious tradition that has long opposed homosexuality.
    (Reuters, 6/3/12)

2012        Jun 7, Denmark's Parliament approved a law allowing same-sex couples to get married in formal church weddings, effective June 15, instead of the short blessing ceremonies that the state's Lutheran Church currently offers.
    (AP, 6/7/12)

2012        Jun 20, Uganda’s minister for ethics and integrity, Simon Lokodo, said Uganda will ban 38 nongovernmental organizations for spreading homosexuality.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)

2012        Jun 22, Uganda’s government said in a statement that it does not discriminate against people "of a different sexual orientation." It was signed by Ethics Minister Simon Lokodo, the official accused by gay activists of orchestrating a hate campaign that includes breaking up gay conferences and threatening to expel civil society groups he says promote homosexuality.
    (AP, 6/22/12)

2012        Jun 23, In Texas 2 women were found lying in "knee-deep" grass in a park in Portland. Mollie Judith Olgin (19) was pronounced dead at the scene. Her girlfriend, Mary Christine Chapa (18), was hospitalized with a single gunshot wound to the head.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7qto9p6)

2012        Jun 24, San Francisco held its 42nd gay pride parade with more than 200 floats making their way down Market Street.
    (AP, 6/25/12)

2012        Jun 26, The US Pentagon for the first time in its history celebrated “Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Pride Month."
    (SFC, 6/27/12, p.A8)

2012        Jun 30, In Utah a group of about 150 Mormons quit their church in a mass resignation ceremony in Salt Lake City in a rare display of defiance ending decades of disagreement for some over issues ranging from polygamy to gay marriage.
    (Reuters, 6/30/12)

2012        Jul 2, CNN’s Anderson Cooper, the host of “AC360," confirmed that he is gay.
    (SFC, 7/3/12, p.E3)

2012        Jul 6, The British government hoisted the rainbow flag symbolizing gay pride over one of its ministries for the first time.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)

2012        Jul 7, In Massachusetts Democratic Representative Barney Frank wed his longtime partner, James Ready, becoming the first sitting congressman to enter into a same-sex marriage.
    (Reuters, 7/7/12)

2012        Jul 12, Chile's President Sebastian Pinera signed an anti-discrimination law following the killing of a gay man beaten by attackers who carved swastikas into his body.
    (AP, 7/12/12)

2012        Jul 21, In San Diego, Ca., active US service members marched for the first time in full uniform at the city’s Gay Pride Parade.
    (SSFC, 7/22/12, p.A6)

2012        Jul 25, Scotland’s government announced plans to bring forward legislation allowing same-sex couples to marry, making it the first part of the UK to do so.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)

2012        Jul 27, The Vatican named Oakland, Ca., Bishop Salvatore Cordileone (56), a leader in the fight against same-sex marriage, as the new archbishop of San Francisco.
    (SFC, 7/28/12, p.A1)

2012        Aug 5, Communist Vietnam’s first gay pride parade took place in the capital Hanoi with dozens of cyclists displaying balloons and rainbow flags streaming through the city's streets.
    (AFP, 8/5/12)

2012        Aug 11, Two women tied the knot in Taiwan's first same-sex Buddhist wedding, a move rights groups hope will help make the island become the first place in Asia to legalize gay marriage.
    (AFP, 8/11/12)

2012        Aug 22, Minnesota Democrat state Rep. Kerry Gauthier (56) dropped his re-election bid following reports of his sexual encounter with a 17-year-old boy.
    (SFC, 8/22/12, p.A6)

2012        Aug 28, US Republicans emphatically approved a toughly worded party platform at their national convention that would ban all abortions and gay marriages, reshape Medicare into a voucher-like program and cut taxes to energize the economy and create jobs.
    (AP, 8/29/12)

2012        Sep 4, A US federal judge ordered Massachusetts’ state prison officials to provide a taxpayer-funded sex-reassignment surgery to Robert Kosilek, a transgender inmate serving life in prison for the murder of his wife in 1990.
    (AP, 9/4/12)

2012        Sep 13, In Uganda British producer David Cecil appeared in court charged with "disobeying lawful orders" from the Uganda Media Council, which says he staged "The River and the Mountain," a play about being gay in Uganda, in Kampala last month despite orders to the contrary.
    (AP, 9/13/12)

2012        Sep 29, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed SB1172 banning controversial therapy practices that attempt to change the sexual orientation of minors.
    (SSFC, 9/30/12, p.A1)

2012        Oct 3, Serbia's police banned a gay pride march in Belgrade, citing security concerns but also complying with a request from Serbia's Christian Orthodox church.
    (AP, 10/3/12)

2012        Oct 18, In Northern Ireland a Belfast judge ruled that unmarried and same-sex couples should be allowed to adopt children, overturning a 1987 adoption law that discriminated against both groups.
    (AP, 10/18/12)

2012        Oct 24, In Senegal a judge sentenced a well-known journalist to four years in prison for acts of homosexuality, illegal possession of arms and battery. Jupiter Ndiaye was arrested on Oct. 10 after getting into a fight with his male partner. The court said that Ndiaye used a knife and stabbed his partner in the stomach.
    (AP, 10/24/12)

2012        Nov 6, Maine and Maryland became the first states to approve same sex marriage by popular vote.
    (SFC, 11/7/12, p.A10)

2012        Nov 10, In Liberia a few hundred people representing the Christian and Muslim faiths and civil society organizations gathered in Monrovia to launch a campaign to press the government to ban same-sex marriage.
    (AP, 11/10/12)

2012        Nov 17, In France groups opposed to President Francois Hollande's plans to legalize gay marriage and gay adoptions took to the streets. Large groups marched in Paris, Lyon and Toulouse.
    (AP, 11/18/12)

2012        Nov 25, In India hundreds of gay rights activists marched through New Delhi to demand that they be allowed to lead lives of dignity in the coun try’s deeply conservative society.
    (AP, 11/25/12)

2012        Nov 27, Four gay men accused a New Jersey nonprofit, Jews Offering New Alternatives to Healing," of fraud for selling “conversion therapy" that falsely promised to make them straight.
    (SFC, 11/28/12, p.A5)

2012        Dec 14, Chile's government apologized to a lesbian judge who was denied custody of her three daughters in 2004 because she is gay. Chile said it will pay Magistrate Karen Atala $70,000 and grant her medical and psychological treatment.The ruling followed Chile's approval this year of an anti-discrimination law.
    (AP, 12/14/12)

2012        Dec 17, A Cameroon appeals court upheld a three-year sentence against a man found guilty of homosexual conduct for sending a text message to another man saying: "I'm very much in love with you."
    (AP, 12/17/12)

2012        Dec 21, Pope Benedict XVI pressed his opposition to gay marriage, denouncing what he described as people manipulating their God-given identities to suit their sexual choices — and destroying the very "essence of the human creature" in the process.
    (AP, 12/21/12)

2012        Dec 29, Maine’s same-sex marriage law went into effect.
    (SSFC, 12/30/12, p.A9)

2012        Linda Hirshman authored “Victory: The Triumphant Gay Revolution."
    (SSFC, 6/17/12, p.F1)
2012        San Francisco became the first US city to cover the cost of gender reassignement surgeries for its uninsured residents after the Board of Supervisors approved legislation encouraging the city’s health department to remove exclusion of such surgeries from its code.
    (SSFC, 11/18/12, p.C1)

2013        Jan 1, Gay marriage became legal in Maryland, the first state south of the Mason-Dixon Line on New Year's Day.
    (AP, 1/1/13)

2013        Jan 4, The Church of England confirmed that its House of Bishops, one of its most senior bodies, has ended an 18-month moratorium on the appointment of gays in civil partnerships as bishops. The decision was made in late December.
    (Reuters, 1/4/13)

2013        Jan 7, A Cameroon court overturned the conviction of two men who were sentenced for five years in prison for "looking gay" and ordering Bailey's Irish Cream. The two men had already spent more than a year in jail where they were subjected to abuse from guards and other prisoners.
    (AP, 1/7/13)

2013        Jan 13, Hollywood actress Jodie Foster confirmed long-running speculation that she is gay by coming out at the Golden Globes awards, but joked she wouldn't be holding a news conference to discuss her private life.
    (Reuters, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 13, In France some 300,000 people marched toward the Eiffel Tower from three different points in the city to protest against President Francois Hollande’s plan to legalize gay marriage.
    (AP, 1/13/13)
2013        Jan 13, Four women went topless in St. Peter's Square to protest the Vatican's opposition to gay marriage. Police quickly took the women away.
    (AP, 1/13/13)

2013        Jan 15, Europe's top court said religious freedom is a right but not an absolute one, ruling that British Airways discriminated against a devoutly Christian employee by making her remove her crucifix, but backing a UK charity that fired a marriage counselor who refused to give sex therapy to gay couples.
    (AP, 1/15/13)

2013        Jan 21, President Barack Obama took the oath of office for his second term before a crowd of hundreds of thousands, urging the nation to set an unwavering course toward prosperity and freedom for all its citizens. Obama's inaugural address marked the first time a president used the occasion to praise progress on gay rights.
    (AP, 1/21/13)(Reuters, 1/21/13)

2013        Jan 25, The British government published a bill to legalize same-sex marriage, and said lawmakers will get their first vote on it in Parliament next month.
    (AP, 1/25/13)
2013        Jan 25, Russian police detained 20 gay rights campaigners and militant Orthodox Christian activists near the country's parliament as it overwhelmingly backed a bill that would ban "homosexual propaganda."
    (AP, 1/25/13)

2013        Jan 26, Ontario's Liberals chose Kathleen Wynne (59), a former Cabinet minister, to become the province's first female premier and first openly gay leader of a Canadian province.
    (Reuters, 1/26/13)

2013        Jan 27, In France thousands of supporters of a government-sponsored bill, that would legalize marriage and adoption for same-sex couples, marched in Paris.
    (AP, 1/27/13)

2013        Jan, Belarus police began going after gays, raiding their clubs and locking up clubbers overnight, and summoning gay activists for questioning in response to a decision by gay activists across the country to try to legally register their rights organization, GayBelarus.
    (AP, 2/15/13)

2013        Feb 3, President Barack Obama encouraged the Boy Scouts of America to end its ban on gay members and leaders, days before the group is expected to vote on the controversial and long-standing rule.
    (Reuters, 2/3/13)

2013        Feb 6, Faced with intense pressure from two flanks, the Boy Scouts of America said it needed more time for consultations before deciding whether to move away from its policy of excluding gays as scouts or adult leaders.
    (AP, 2/7/13)

2013        Feb 11, US Defense Sec. Leon Panetta extended additional military benefits to gay and lesbian couples.
    (SFC, 2/12/13, p.A5)
2013        Feb 11, Uganda deported, David Cecil (35), a British theatre producer charged with staging a play about homosexuality. A court threw out a case against Cecil last month.
    (Reuters, 2/12/13)

2013        Feb 19, Germany’s highest court ruled that one member of a civil partnership should be able to adopt the partner’s stepchild or adopted child.
    (SFC, 2/20/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 1, In  Poland Lech Walesa said in a television interview that he believes gays have no right to sit on the front benches in Parliament and, if represented at all, should sit in the back, "and even behind a wall."
    (AP, 3/3/13)

2013        Mar 12, The Archdiocese of Los Angeles reached a $10 million settlement with 4 men who said they were abused by former priest Michael Baker.
    (SFC, 3/14/13, p.A6)

2013        Mar 13, New Zealand lawmakers voted overwhelmingly in favor of a bill allowing same-sex marriage, all but assuring that it will soon become law.
    (AP, 3/13/13)

2013        Mar 16, In Somalia al-Shabab fighters stoned to death a man for allegedly forcing a 13-year-old boy to have sex with him.
    (AP, 3/21/13)

2013        Mar 18, Former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton announced her support for gay marriage, putting her in line with other potential Democratic presidential candidates on a social issue that is rapidly gaining public approval.
    (AP, 3/18/13)

2013        Mar 21, Colorado Gov. John Hickenlooper signed a bill recognizing same-sex civil unions. The law takes effect May 1.
    (SFC, 3/22/13, p.A7)
2013        Mar 21, Justin Welby, the new Archbishop of Canterbury was formally enthroned after using a radio interview to back Church of England positions on homosexuality, which include opposition to same-sex marriage.
    (AP, 3/21/13)
2013        Mar 21, Human Rights Watch and three local organizations released a report saying suspected homosexuals in Cameroon have been tortured and raped in prison.
    (AP, 3/21/13)

2013        Mar 22, A British judge upheld a decision to ban a Christian group from placing adverts on London buses that suggested people could be cured of homosexuality.
    (AP, 3/22/13)

2013        Apr 2, In Arizona the Bisbee City Council approved an ordinance recognizing civil unions for same-sex couples. State Attorney General Tom Horne said the next day that he would go to court to block the artist’s community’s ordinance.
    (SFC, 4/4/13, p.A6)

2013        Apr 7, In France Wilfred De Bruijn was beaten unconscious near his home in central Paris, sustaining five fractures in his head and face, abrasions and a lost tooth. His boyfriend, who was also beaten up, said he witnessed three to four men shouting "Hey, look they're gays," before they attacked. A photo of the victim went viral on social media.
    {France, Gays}
    (AP, 4/10/13)

2013        Apr 8, In Amsterdam President Vladimir Putin defended Russia's treatment of homosexuals, as 1,000 gay rights activists waved pink and orange balloons and blasted out dance music to press home their protest.
    (Reuters, 4/8/13)

2013        Apr 10, Uruguay lawmakers voted to legalize same-sex marriage.
    (SFC, 4/11/13, p.A4)

2013        Apr 12, The French Senate voted to legalize same-sex marriage, putting a landmark bill on track to become law by summer.
    (AP, 4/12/13)

2013        Apr 17, New Zealand lawmakers voted 77 to 44 in favor of the gay-marriage bill on its third and final reading. New Zealand thus became the 13th in the world and the first in the Asia-Pacific region to legalize same-sex marriage.
    (AP, 4/17/13)

2013        Apr 19, The Boy Scouts of America proposed lifting a ban on gay scouts but maintaining a prohibition on gay adults from leading troops.
    (Reuters, 4/19/13)

2013        Apr 21, In France tens of thousands of demonstrators took to sunny Paris boulevards to protest the expected passage this week of a bill legalizing gay marriage.
    (AP, 4/21/13)

2013        Apr 22, As Nevada legislators emotionally debated a move toward same-sex marriage, Sen. Kelvin Atkinson rose to his feet and declared, "I'm gay." Atkinson says that he quickly picked up hundreds of new friends on Facebook and followers on Twitter.
    (AP, 4/24/13)

2013        Apr 23, France legalized gay marriage after a wrenching national debate that exposed deep conservatism in the nation's heartland and triggered huge protests that tapped into deep discontent with the Socialist government.
    (AP, 4/23/13)

2013        Apr 29, NBA beteran basketball player Jason Collins (34) announced that he was gay, smashing through one of the final frontiers in US sports with a frank personal statement and winning warm praise as a groundbreaker.
    (Reuters, 4/29/13)
2013        Apr 29, The Catholic Church in Brazil said it has excommunicated Father Roberto Francisco Daniel for defending homosexuality, open marriage and other practices counter to Church teaching in online videos.
    (Reuters, 4/30/13)

2013        May 2, Rhode Island became the nation's 10th state to allow gay and lesbian couples to wed as Gov. Lincoln Chafee signed the bill into law.
    (AP, 5/3/13)

2013        May 7, Delaware’s state senate voted 12-9 to allow same-sex marriage. Within an hour Gov. Jack Markell signed it into law making Delaware the 11th US state to support same-sex marriage.
    (AP, 5/8/13)

2013        May 10, In Russia a 23-year-old man was brutally beaten and left to die by his companions in Volgograd after drunkenly telling them he was gay. A former schoolmate of the victim and another man were soon arrested for the killing.
    (AP, 5/13/13)

2013        May 13, Hong Kong's top court granted a transgender woman the right to marry her boyfriend in a watershed ruling that falls short of allowing same-sex marriage.
    (AP, 5/13/13)

2013        May 14, Minnesota Gov. Mark Dayton signed a bill allowing gay couples to marry. This made Minnesota the 12th US state to permit same-sex marriages.
    (SFC, 5/14/13, p.A5)
2013        May 14, Brazil’s National Council of Justice said that the country’s notary publics must register same-sex civil unions as marriages if the couple requests it.
    (AP, 5/14/13)

2013        May 17, In Georgia thousands of anti-gay protesters, including Orthodox priests, occupied a central street in Tbilisi, with some threatening to lash with stinging nettles any participant in a gay pride parade which was to take place there.
    (AP, 5/17/13)

2013        May 18, In NYC  Elliot Morales (33) fired a fatal shot point-blank into a man's face on a Manhattan street. Morales was arrested on the edge of the New York University campus.
    {NYC, Gays, Murder, USA}
    (AP, 5/18/13)
2013        May 18, French President Francois Hollande signed a law authorizing gay marriage and adoption by same-sex couples. This means the first gay marriages may be celebrated in France within about 10 days.
    (AP, 5/18/13)

2013        May 20, A Moroccan court convicted two men of homosexuality and public indecency, and sentenced each to four months in prison, in the latest case against gays in this North African nation.
    (AP, 5/21/13)

2013        May 23, In Texas local leaders of the Boy Scouts of America voted to open their ranks to openly gay boys for the first time in 103 years.
    (AP, 5/23/13)

2013        May 25, Russian police arrested at least 30 gay rights campaigners and Christian Orthodox vigilantes in Moscow as gay-rights campaigners and their opponents clashed at an unsanctioned rally in Moscow.
    (AP, 5/25/13)
2013        May 25, In Kiev, Ukraine, between 50 and 100 gay rights activists staged the ex-Soviet nation's first-ever gay pride parade under heavy police presence.
    (AP, 5/25/13)

2013        May 26, In France thousands of people protested in central Paris against the country’s new gay marriage law.
    (AP, 5/26/13)
2013        May 26, The Palm d’Or of the 66th Cannes Film Festival went to “Blue Is the Warmest Color: The Life of Adele," a tender lesbian romance by Tunisian director Abdellatif Kechiche.
    (SFC, 5/27/13, p.A2)

2013        May 29, Vincent Autin (40) and his partner, Bruno Boileau (30) became the first gay couple to marry in France.
    (AP, 5/29/13)

2013        May 30, Nigeria's House of Representatives voted to ban gay marriage and outlaw any groups actively supporting gay rights, endorsing a measure that also calls for 10-year prison sentences for any "public show" of affection by a same-sex couple.
    (AP, 5/30/13)

2013        May 31, The Evangelical Lutheran Church of America elected its first openly gay bishop to a six-year term at an annual assembly in Southern California.
    (AP, 6/1/13)

2013        Jun 6, A German high court in Karlsruhe granted homosexual civil unions the same tax breaks as heterosexual married couples.
    (SFC, 6/7/13, p.A2)

2013        Jun 11, Russia’s State Duma voted 434-0 with one abstention to approve Kremlin-backed legislation which imposes hefty fines for holding gay pride rallies or providing information about the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community to minors.
    (AP, 6/11/13)

2013        Jun 26, The US Supreme Court struck down a federal law barring the recognition of same-sex marriage in a split decision, ruling that the law violates the rights of gays and lesbians and intrudes into states' rights to define and regulate marriage. Justices ruled 5-4 that sponsors of California’s Prop 8, a ban on same sex marriage, had no right to represent the state in federal court. The court also struck down a key provision of the federal Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA).
    (SFC, 6/26/13, p.AX1)

2013        Jun 28, The 9th US Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco lifted an injunction it had imposed in September, 2010, that had blocked a federal judge’s ruling, alowing same-sex marriages to resume for the first time since Prop. 8 prohibited them in November 2008.
    (SFC, 6/29/13, p.A1)
2013        Jun 28, Dominican Republic religious groups said they are outraged by the nomination of US ambassador James Brewster, an openly gay man, to the conservative country.
    (AP, 6/28/13)

2013        Jun 29, Russian police arrested several gay rights activists and Russian nationalists who confronted them at a rally in St. Petersburg that was declared illegal under a new law against "gay propaganda."
    (AP, 6/29/13)

2013        Jun 30, San Francisco’s 43rd annual LGBT Parade drew a crowd estimated at 1.2 million people.
    (SFC, 7/1/13, p.A1)
2013        Jun 30, The Kremlin said Pres. Putin has singed into law a measure that stigmatizes gay people and bans giving any information about homosexuality.
    (SFC, 7/1/13, p.A2)

2013        Jul 7, In Mexico an election for mayor of Fresnillo, Zacatecas state, was won by Benjamin Medrano (47). He became the first openly gay mayor ever elected in Mexico and was scheduled to take office in September.
    (SFC, 7/19/13, p.A2)

2013        Jul 11, The Lebanese Psychiatric Society said homosexuality is not an illness and does not need to be treated.
    (Econ, 7/20/13, p.45)

2013        Jul 12, In Cameroon Eric Ohena Lembembe, a prominent gay rights activist, was last seen in the capital, Yaounde.
    (SFC, 7/31/13, p.A3)

2013        Jul 15, In Cameroon the body of Eric Ohena Lembembe, a prominent gay rights activist, was discovered at his home in the capital, Yaounde, after he was unreachable for two days.
    (AP, 7/16/13)

2013        Jul 17, Britain legalized gay marriage after Queen Elizabeth II gave her royal stamp of approval, clearing the way for the first same-sex weddings next summer.
    (AP, 7/17/13)

2013        Jul 22, In Ohio a federal judge granted marriage rights to a same-sex couple residing in the state as one of the partners neared death. Ohio at this time did not recognize such unions. This highlighted a new front for gay rights activists seeking to expand rights for couples living in states that are unfriendly to same-sex marriage.
    (CSM, 7/24/13)(SFC, 7/24/13, p.A8)
2013        Jul 22, In Jamaica Dwayne Jones (16) was beaten, stabbed, shot and run over by a car when he showed up at a street party dressed as a woman. He had confided to a friend that he was attending a "straight" party as a girl for the first time in his life.
    (AP, 8/11/13)

2013        Jul 23, A Cameroon court found two men guilty under the country's harsh law banning gay sex, continuing a string of recent convictions that has drawn international condemnation.
    (AP, 7/23/13)

2013        Jul 24, In Pennsylvania at least 5 same-sex couples obtained marriage licenses in Montgomery County. It was up to Republican Gov. Tom Corbett or other state officials to challenge the actions. A 1996 state law defined marriage as a civil contract in which a man and a woman take each other as husband and wife.
    (SFC, 7/25/13, p.A11)

2013        Jul 26, The United Nations' human rights office launched its first global outreach campaign to promote tolerance and greater equality for lesbians, gays, transgender people and bisexuals.
    (AP, 7/26/13)

2013        Jul 27, A group of protesters tried to disrupt Lithuania's second gay pride parade ever, defying an enormous police presence by throwing eggs at marchers and attempting to storm a stage.
    (AP, 7/27/13)

2013        Jul 29, Pope Francis reached out to gays, saying he wouldn't judge priests for their sexual orientation in a remarkably open and wide-ranging news conference as he returned from his first foreign trip.
    (AP, 7/29/13)

2013        Aug 1, US gay couples exchanged vows in Minnesota and Rhode Island as the number of states allowing same sex marriages grew to 13 plus Washington DC.
    (SFC, 8/2/13, p.A6)
2013        Aug 1, In Sweden two topless activists climbed over a fence into the Russian embassy in Stockholm to protest against the country's anti-gay bill and stigmatization of homosexuals.
    (AP, 8/1/13)

2013        Aug 5, In Uruguay a gay couple became the first to register under the country’s new marriage equality law.
    (SFC, 8/6/13, p.A2)

2013        Aug 12, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed AB1266, allowing transgender youth to sue school facilities and join groups with their gender identity.
    (SFC, 8/17/13, p.A8)

2013        Aug 19, New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie signed a bill barring licensed therapists from trying to turn gay teenagers straight. This made New Jersey the 2nd state to ban conversion therapy after California.
    (SFC, 8/20/13, p.A5)

2013        Aug 29, The US government announced that legally married gay couples will be treated the same as married couples for federal tax purposes.
    (AFP, 8/29/13)
2013        Aug 29, In Yemen suspected Al-Qaeda gunmen in Huta shot dead Salem Ahmed Hasan (29) because they believed he was a homosexual.
    (AFP, 8/29/13)

2013        Sep 5, Leaders of San Antonio, Texas, approved antibias protections for gay and transgender residents despite the disapproval of top Texas Republicans and religious conservatives.
    (SFC, 9/6/13, p.A6)

2013        Sep 12, A Pennsylvania judge ordered a suburban Philadelphia court clerk to stop issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples. 174 licenses were already issued.
    (SFC, 9/13/13, p.A8)

2013        Sep 17, The Oklahoma governor’s office confirmed that Gov. Mary Fallin has ordered the national Guard to stop processing requests for military benefits for same-sex couples. State voters had approved a constitutional amendment in 2004 that prohibited giving benefits of marriage to gay couples.
    (SFC, 9/18/13, p.A7)

2013        Sep 26, Pakistan's first online platform for lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgender people, said it has been shut by Pakistan's telecoms authority. It had opened in July, a move hailed as a step forward for the long-silent community.
    (AP, 9/26/13)

2013        Sep 27, A New Jersey judge ordered state officials to allow same-sex couples to marry starting on October 21, saying the current civil union system unfairly deprived them of federal benefits available to married couples.
    (Reuters, 9/27/13)
2013        Sep 27, Gambia's Pres. Yahya Jammeh warned the UN General Assembly that gays were a threat to human existence, along with excessive greed and obsession with world domination, and criticized other countries for regarding homosexuality as a human right.
    (Reuters, 9/27/13)
2013        Sep 27, Serbia's government banned a weekend gay pride march for the third consecutive year, citing the threat of violence from right-wing hooligans, in a move that sparked protests by gay activists and criticism from the EU.
    (Reuters, 9/27/13)

2013        Oct 12, Russian police arrested 67 people after a fight broke out between gay rights activists and their opponents at a demonstration in St. Petersburg.
    (Reuters, 10/12/13)

2013        Oct 18, New Jersey’s Supreme Court ruled to uphold a lower court order that gay weddings must start on Oct 21.
    (SFC, 10/18/13, p.A5)
2013        Oct 18, France's constitutional court ruled that mayors cannot refuse to carry out same-sex marriages just because they oppose them.
    (AP, 10/18/13)

2013        Oct 20, Montenegro police used tear gas against dozens of rock-throwing opponents of a gay pride march in Podgorica.
    (AP, 10/20/13)

2013        Oct 21, New Jersey became the 14th US state to allow same-sex marriages.
    (SFC, 10/22/13, p.A6)

2013        Oct 22, The Australian Capital Territory became the first jurisdiction in Australia to legalize same-sex marriage with a bill passing the ACT parliament by just one vote.
    (Reuters, 10/22/13)

2013        Oct 26, In Taiwan tens of thousands of people rallied in Asia's largest gay parade, as the island's parliament was set to review a bill on same-sex marriages.
    (AFP, 10/26/13)

2013        Nov 7, The EU’s top court ruled that refugees facing imprisonment in their home country because they are gay may have grounds to be granted asylum in the European Union.
    (AP, 11/7/13)(Econ, 11/16/13, p.59)

2013        Nov 11, Senegalese police detained five women accused of violating the country's anti-gay law, highlighting increased pressure on suspected lesbians in the deeply conservative West African nation. The five women were soon charged under the country's anti-gay law that imposes prison sentences of up to five years for homosexual acts.
    (AP, 11/12/13)(AP, 11/14/13)

2013        Nov 13, Hawaii’s Gov. Neil Abercrombie signed a bill legalyzing same-sex marriage one day after the state Senate approved the bill with a 19-to-4 vote.
    (SFC, 11/13/13, p.A6)(SFC, 11/14/13, p.A9)

2013        Nov 20, Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn signed legislation allowing same-sex marriages starting June 1, 2014.
    (SFC, 11/21/13, p.A5)(SSFC, 6/1/14, p.A11)
2013        Nov 20, A Senegal judge said there is insufficient evidence to convict four women accused of violating the country's law banning homosexual acts. The four women were freed. A fifth woman arrested in the same raid on Nov 11 is a minor and will be tried separately.
    (AP, 11/20/13)

2013        Nov 24, In India gay rights activists paraded through New Delhi to demand an end to the stigmatization of gays.
    (SFC, 11/25/13, p.A2)

2013        Nov 27, Two Chicago women became the first same-sex couple to marry in Illinois after a federal judge granted an expedited marriage license because of one of the women’s failing health.
    (SFC, 11/28/13, p.A6)

2013        Dec 1, Croats voted overwhelmingly in favor of defining marriage in the constitution as a "union of man and woman," after conservative groups, backed by the Roman Catholic Church, demanded that the country's constitution define the matrimony as a union of a man and a woman.
    (AP, 12/1/13)(Reuters, 12/1/13)

2013        Dec 7, Australia's first gay marriages were celebrated in the national capital Canberra, despite the prospect of a High Court decision ruling against the unions later this week.
    (AFP, 12/7/13)

2013        Dec 11, India's Supreme Court struck down a 2009 lower court decision to decriminalize homosexuality, dealing a blow to gay activists who have fought for years for the chance to live openly in India's deeply conservative society. The court said only lawmakers can change a colonial era law that bans same-sex relations.
    (AP, 12/11/13)(SSFC, 12/15/13, p.A20)

2013        Dec 12, Australia's top court struck down gay marriage in the nation's capital, ruling that parliament must decide on same-sex unions.
    (AFP, 12/12/13)
2013        Dec 12, India's ruling party slammed the Supreme Court for reinstating a ban on gay sex, taking an unexpectedly bold stance ahead of elections in the religiously conservative nation.
    (Reuters, 12/12/13)

2013        Dec 19, New Mexico’s Supreme Court legalized gay marriages in the state.
    (Econ, 1/4/14, p.21)

2013        Dec 20, A US federal judge scrapped Utah’s ban on same-sex marriages. The ban was approved by 66% of state voters in 2004.
    (Econ, 1/4/14, p.21)
2013        Dec 20, In Cuba lawmaker Mariela Castro cast a no vote to a workers’ rights bill that she felt did not go far enough to prevent discrimination against people with HIV or with unconventional gender identities. This appeared to be the first no vote ever in the 612-seat post-revolution National Assembly.
    (SFC, 8/20/14, p.A2)
2013        Dec 20, India's government petitioned the Supreme Court urging it to reverse a ban on gay sex, saying individual rights must be respected.
    (Reuters, 12/20/13)
2013        Dec 20, Ugandan lawmakers passed an anti-gay bill that calls for life imprisonment for "aggravated homosexuality," drawing criticism from rights campaigners who called it draconian and unnecessary in a country where homosexuality has long been criminalized.
    (AP, 12/20/13)

2013        Dec 22, Louisiana’s Lt. Gov. Jay Dardenne said the “Duck Dynasty" reality TV show is important to state tourism and that he could connect the Robertson family to new producers if they cannot reach an agreement with the A&E network. Patriarch Phil Robertson was suspended last week for telling GQ magazine that gays are sinners akin to adulterers and swindlers.
    (SFC, 12/23/13, p.A7)

2013        Dec 24, A US federal appeals court ruled that same-sex marriages can continue in Utah, denying a request from the state to halt them.
    (SFC, 12/25/13, p.A10)
2013        Dec 24, Britain posthumously pardoned Alan Turing (1912-1954) for a 1952 gay sex conviction which tarnished the brilliant career of the code breaker credited with helping win the war against Nazi Germany and laying the foundation for the computer age.
    (AP, 12/24/13)

2013        Dec 27, The A&E channel said it is reversing its decision to drop “Duck Dynasty" patriarch Phil Robertson from the show set in Louisiana for his remarks on gays.
    (SFC, 12/28/13, p.A7)

2014        Jan 6, The US Supreme Court blocked further same-sex marriages in Utah while state officials appeal a decision allowing such unions.
    (SFC, 1/7/14, p.A6)
2014        Jan 6, In Nigeria a dozen men were formally charged by the Bauchi State Sharia Commission with belonging to a gay club and having received funding from the United States for an apparent membership drive. Four were convicted on March 6. Seven were granted bail on March 11. A Christian suspect awaited his case heard before a secular court.
    {Nigeria, Gays}
    (AFP, 3/28/14)

2014        Jan 8, The Utah governor’s office said that the state will not recognize more than 1,000 same-sex marriages performed over the past two weeks as it appeals a legal ruling that had overturned the state’s ban on such unions.
    (SFC, 1/9/14, p.A4)

2014        Jan 10, The US Justice Dept. said it would recognize as lawful the marriages of 1,300 same-sex couple in Utah, even though the state is largely refusing to do so.
    (SFC, 1/11/14, p.A6)
2014        Jan 10, Israel's cultural and financial capital unveiled a memorial honoring gays and lesbians persecuted by the Nazis, the first specific recognition in Israel for non-Jewish victims of the Holocaust.
    (AP, 1/10/14)
2014        Jan 10, Russia's powerful Orthodox Church proposed a referendum on banning gay relations in the face of Western pressure over human rights ahead of next month's Winter Olympics in Sochi.
    (AFP, 1/10/14)

2014        Jan 13, A spokesman said Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan has approved the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Bill 2013 banning gay marriage and same-sex partnerships. The law also criminalizes homosexual associations, societies and meetings.
    (AFP, 1/13/14)(SFC, 1/14/14, p.A2)

2014        Jan 14, A US federal judge struck down Oklahoma’s ban on same-sex marriage. He immediately stayed the ruling pending appeals.
    (SFC, 1/15/14, p.A4)
2014        Jan 14, Local and international groups fighting AIDS warned that a new Nigerian law criminalizing same-sex marriage and gay organizations will jeopardize the fight against the deadly disease. Human rights activists reported that dozens of gay men were being arrested in northern Nigeria in an apparent response to the law.
    (AP, 1/14/14)

2014        Jan 17, In Uganda a spokesman for Pres. Yoweri Museveni said the president has refused to approve a controversial bill that would have seen homosexuals jailed for life despite viewing gays as "sick" and "abnormal." In a letter to parliament, the president had suggested homosexuality was caused by a genetic flaw, or a need to make money.
    (AFP, 1/17/14)

2014        Jan 19, Pres. Puttin in broadcast comments defended Russia's anti-gay law by equating gays with pedophiles and said Russia needs to "cleanse" itself of homosexuality if it wants to increase its birth rate. At the asame time he offered new assurances to gay athletes and fans attending the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics next month.
    (AP, 1/19/14)
2014        Jan 19, Pope Francis' newly chosen Spanish cardinal, Fernando Sebastian Aguilar (84), described homosexuality as a "defect" that can be corrected with treatment, sparking condemnation from gay rights groups.
    (AFP, 1/20/14)

2014        Jan 22, In northern Nigeria thousands of protesters threw stones into the Shariah court in Bauchi city, urging the speedy convictions and executions of 11 men arrested for belonging to gay organizations.
    (AP, 1/22/14)
2014        Jan 22, A Ugandan court ordered the deportation of Bernard Randall (65), a British man, facing criminal charges related to images of him having sex with another man.
    (AP, 1/22/14)

2014        Jan 23, Virginia's attorney general has concluded that the state's ban on gay marriage is unconstitutional. His office said he will no longer defend it in federal lawsuits challenging it.
    (AP, 1/23/14)

2014        Jan 25, In Ivory Coast an angry mob "ransacked" the headquarters of the country’s most prominent gay rights organization, following days of anti-gay protests in a country generally seen as moderate on the issue.
    (AP, 1/27/14)

2014        Jan 31, In Senegal a judge sentenced two men to six months' jail in a rare conviction of a gay couple on criminal charges.
    (AP, 2/1/14)

2014        Feb 2, Thousands of demonstrators gathered in Paris and Lyon in a renewed protest against France's legalization of gay marriage.
    (Reuters, 2/2/14)

2014        Feb 3, Idaho police arrested dozens of gay rights activists as they pressed for antidiscrimination protections and blocked entrances to the state Senate chambers in Boise.
    (SFC, 2/4/14, p.A4)

2014        Feb 7, Russia opened the Winter Olympics in Sochi. Police arrested four gay rights activists protesting in St. Petersburg.
    (AP, 2/7/14)

2014        Feb 9, Michael Sam, a defensive end form the Univ. of Missouri, publicly came out as gay. He was expected to be a 3rd A10of 4th round pick at the NFL draft.
    (SFC, 2/11/14, p.A10)

2014        Feb 10, In Kenya gays and lesbians joined a global effort to protest against an anti-homosexuality bill passed by Uganda's parliament that is now in the hands of the country's president.
    (AP, 2/10/14)

2014        Feb 12, A US federal judge ordered that Kentucky recognize same-sex marriages that had been legally performed in other states, opening the door for activists to strike down the state’s ban entirely.
    (SFC, 2/13/14, p.A9)

2014        Feb 13, A US federal judge found Virginia’s ban on same sex marriage unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 2/14/14, p.A10)
2014        Feb 13, In Nigeria a mob armed with wooden clubs and iron bars, screaming that they were going to "cleanse" their neighborhood of gay people, dragged 14 young men from their beds and assaulted them in Gishiri, a shantytown with mud roads near central Abuja.
    (AP, 2/15/14)

2014        Feb 14, Googoosh, an Iranian pop star living in Amsterdam, released a music video promoting gay rights. It was clicked on half a million times in the first 24 hours. Navid Akhavan, an Iranian-born Germany, wrote and directed the video for the song “Behesht" (Heaven).
    (SFC, 3/5/14, p.A4)

2014        Feb 18, Uganda’s Pres. Museveni said in a statement that he would not sign a proposed antigay law until after a hearing from scientists.
    (SFC, 2/22/14, p.A4)

2014        Feb 21, US District Judge Sharon Johnson ruled that same-sex marriages can begin immediately in Cook County, Ill.
    (SFC, 2/22/14, p.A6)

2014        Feb 24, Uganda's Pres. Museveni signed a law imposing harsh penalties for homosexuality, defying protests from rights groups, criticism from Western donors and a US warning that it will complicate relations.
    (Reuters, 2/24/14)

2014        Feb 25, A Ugandan newspaper published a list of what it called the country's "200 top" homosexuals, outing some Ugandans who previously had not identified themselves as gay one day after the president enacted a harsh anti-gay law.
    (AP, 2/25/14)

2014        Feb 26, Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer vetoed a bill designed to give added protection from lawsuits to people who assert their religious beliefs in refusing service to gays.
    (SFC, 2/27/14, p.A10)
2014        Feb 26, In Texas a federal judge declared the state’s same-sex marriage unconstitutional, but allowed enforcement of the ban pending an appeal.
    (SFC, 2/27/14, p.A10)

2014        Feb 27, Uganda shrugged off foreign aid cuts and int’l criticism of its tough new anti-gay law, saying it could do without Western aid. Denmark, Norway and the Netherlands cut aid over Uganda’s anti-gay law.
    (AFP, 2/27/14)(SFC, 2/28/14, p.A4)

2014        Mar 6, In northern Nigeria four young men were convicted of gay sex and whipped publicly as punishment in an Islamic court in Bauchi city.
    (AP, 3/6/14)
2014        Mar 6, Uganda, under fire from Western nations, defended its toughened law on gays as being aimed at "protecting" youth from homosexuality and discouraging public displays of gay love.
    (Reuters, 3/6/14)

2014        Mar 10, Activist group All Out said the global telecom company Orange has withdrawn advertising from Red Pepper, a Ugandan tabloid newspaper that printed the names of 200 suspected homosexuals after a severe anti-gay law was enacted last month.
    (AP, 3/10/14)

2014        Mar 14, Boston Beer Co. said that it is withdrawing its sponsorship of Boston’s St. Patrick’s Day Parade because organizers exclude gay groups.
    (SFC, 3/15/14, p.A11)

2014        Mar 19, Rev. Fred Phelps (84), an anti-gay minister and head of the Westboro Baptist Church in Kansas, died.
    (SFC, 3/21/14, p.D2)

2014        Mar 21, A US federal judge struck down Michigan’s ban on same-sex marriage. The next day the Sixth US Circuit Court of Appeals froze the decision to overturn the ban. On March 25 a federal appeals court put an indefinite halt to gay marriage in Michigan.
    (SFC, 3/22/14, p.A6)(SSFC, 3/23/14, p.A15)(SFC, 3/26/14, p.A6)
2014        Mar 21, Uganda's health minister says the government has lost up to $6 million in annual US government support over the East African country's new anti-gay law.
    (AP, 3/21/14)

2014        Mar 28, US Attorney General Eric Holder extended federal recognition to the marriages of some 300 same-sex couples that took place before a federal appeals court on March 22 put such unions on hold.
    (SFC, 3/29/14, p.A8)

2014        Mar 29, Gay couples across England and Wales said "I do" as a law authorizing same-sex marriage came into effect at midnight, the final stage in a long fight for equality.
    (AFP, 3/29/14)

2014        Apr 1, A Nigerian Shariah court freed two men accused of gay sex and belonging to a homosexual club, saying the prosecution failed to prove its case. The two were among 12 detained in northern Bauchi state in January.
    (AP, 4/1/14)

2014        Apr 3, Ugandan police in Kampala raided the offices of a US-funded project known to offer AIDS services to homosexuals, in what appeared to be the first public action by police to enforce a new law that strengthened criminal penalties against gay sex.
    (AP, 4/4/14)

2014        Apr 7, An Egyptian court sentenced four men to up to eight years in prison for practicing homosexuality.
    (AFP, 4/7/14)

2014        Apr 10, Two groups in Ethiopia said that they will hold an anti-gay demonstration later this month, a move that puts Ethiopia in line to become the next African country to increase the public demonization of gays.
    (AP, 4/10/14)

2014        Apr 15, India's top court issued a landmark verdict recognizing transgender rights as human rights, saying people can identify themselves as a third gender on official documents.
    (AP, 4/15/14)

2014        Apr 16, A Kentucky jury convicted James Schook (66), a former Catholic priest, of three counts of sodomy in a case stemming from the 1970s.
    (AP, 4/17/14)
2014        Apr 16, A US federal judge said Ohio officials must immediately recognized the same-sex marriages of four couples who sued over the state’s gay marriage ban.
    (SFC, 4/17/14, p.A5)

2014        Apr 22, In Brunei the penalty for homosexuality was increased to death by stoning as part of a new broader imposition of Islamic Shariah law which also imposed death for rape, adultery and extramarital relations.
    (SSFC, 5/18/14, p.A17)

2014        Apr 23, A Kansas judge granted a request to formally change the name of Bradley Edward Manning, the soldier convicted of leaking classified documents to WikiLeaks, to Chelsea Elizabeth Manning as he served a 35-year prison sentence.
    (SFC, 4/24/14, p.A6)

2014        May 7, A Ugandan court started hearing the case against two Ugandans accused of engaging in gay sex, the first trial of homosexuals here since a severe law was enacted in February.
    (AP, 5/7/14)

2014        May 9, A US judge struck down Arkansas’s 2004 amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman as unconstitutional. On May 15 Judge Chris Piazza extended his ruling to include all state laws preventing gay couples from marrying. On May 16 the state Supreme Court granted a request to suspend Piazza’s decisions.
    (SFC, 5/10/14, p.A10)(SFC, 5/17/14, p.A5)

2014        May 13, A US federal judge ruled that Idaho’s ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 5/14/14, p.A6)

2014        May 18, Peruvian politician Carlos Bruce (57) announced he is gay, in an interview this weekend with the newspaper El Comercio. This was a first in one of Latin America's most conservative countries.
    (AFP, 5/21/14)

2014        May 19, A US federal judge threw out Oregon’s same-sex marriage ban.
    (SFC, 5/20/14, p.A8)

2014        May 20, A US federal judge overturned Pennsylvania’s ban on same-sex marriage.
    (SFC, 5/21/14, p.A8)

2014        May 22, US politicians, federal officials and gay activists celebrated the first day issue of a US Postal Service stamp in honor of Harvey Milk, on what would have been his 84th birthday.
    (SFC, 5/23/14, p.A1)

2014        May 30, A US federal health board overturned the government’s 25-year ban on providing Medicare coverage for sex-change surgery for transgender people.
    (SFC, 5/31/14, p.C2)

2014        Jun 1, Illinois was allowed to begin issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples.
    (SSFC, 6/1/14, p.A11)

2014        Jun 6, In North Dakota seven couples filed a federal lawsuit challenging the state’s constitutional ban on same-sex marriage, making it the last state in the country to be sued by couples seeking the right to marry in their home state.
    (SFC, 6/7/14, p.A4)

2014        Jun 13, A federal judge in Madison, Wis., issued an order postponing her decision striking down Wisconsin’s ban on same-sex marriage as unconstitutional, pending the outcome of an expected appeal. More than 550 same-sex couples in the state cited her June 6 decision in order to get married over the past seven days.
    (CSM, 6/13/14)
2014        Jun 13, Israeli men, colorfully dressed drag queens and others partied through central Tel Aviv as tens of thousands of people took part in the city's annual gay pride parade, the largest event of its kind in the Middle East.
    (AP, 6/13/14)

2014        Jun 25, A US federal appeals court in Denver ruled that states must allow gay couples to marry.
    (SFC, 6/26/14, p.A6)

2014        Jun 28, In Singapore some 26,000 gay rights activists gathered for the annual Pink Dot rally that came under unprecedented criticism from religious conservatives, with one influential Christian pastor calling on the government to ban the event.
    (AP, 6/28/14)

2014        Jun 29, San Francisco held its 44th annual Gay Pride Parade.
    (SFC, 6/30/14, p.A1)

2014        Jun 30, Frank Robinson (b.1926), LGBT advocate and novelist, died in San Francisco. “The Glass Inferno," which he co-wrote with Thomas Scortia, was one of two books adapted into the film “The Towering Inferno" (1974).
    (SFC, 7/4/14, p.D1)

2014        Jul 9, A Colorado judge ruled that the state’s 2006 voter-approved ban on gay marriage violates the state and federal constitutions. The ruling was immediately put on hold pending appeal.
    (SFC, 7/10/14, p.A8)

2014        Jul 10, In southern California David Galvan sent nude photographs of ex-boyfriend and science teacher Richard Rosa to over 200 students and staff at John Muir High School while Rosa was out of the country. Galvan was arrested in late October.
    (SFC, 11/1/14, p.A7)

2014        Jul 17, A judge ruled that gays can marry in Florida's most gay-friendly county, siding with same-sex couples in the Florida Keys who challenged a voter-approved ban as discriminatory. But an immediate state appeal quickly silenced their wedding bells.
    (AP, 7/17/14)

2014        Jul 18, Colorado's Supreme Court ordered the Denver County clerk to stop issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples pending the resolution of an appeal by the state's attorney general.
    (Reuters, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, A US federal appeals court ruled that Oklahoma must allow gay couples to wed, prompting an angry respnse from state leaders.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A5)

2014        Jul 23, A US federal judge declared Colorado’s gay marriage ban unconstitutional, but put the ruling on hold pending a state appeal.
    (SFC, 7/24/14, p.A6)

2014        Jul 25, A Florida judge overturned the state's ban on same-sex marriage in a ruling that applies to Miami-Dade County, agreeing with a judge in another county who made a similar ruling last week.
    (AP, 7/25/14)

2014        Jul 28, A US federal appeals court struck down Virginia’s same-sex marriage ban.
    (SFC, 7/29/14, p.A5)

2014        Jul 31, A Chinese man said he was suing a psychological clinic for carrying out electric shocks intended to turn him straight.
    (SFC, 8/1/14, p.A2)

2014        Aug 1, A Ugandan court invalidated an antigay bill signed into law last Feb 24 because it was passed during a parliamentary session that lacked a quorum.
    (SFC, 8/2/14, p.A3)

2014        Aug 3, In Vietnam some 300 activists led a colorful parade through Hanoi in the nation's largest ever gay pride event, as the communist country shows signs of increasing tolerance of sexual difference.
    (AFP, 8/3/14)

2014        Aug 9, In Uganda scores of homosexuals marched in Entebbe in their first pride parade since a court invalidated a controversial antigay law.
    (SSFC, 8/10/14, p.A5)

2014        Aug 21, A US federal judge ruled that Florida’s ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional, but put a stay delaying the effect of his order.
    (SFC, 8/22/14, p.A6)

2014        Aug, The government of Gambia brought in fresh anti-gay legislation.
    (Econ, 10/11/14, p.27)

2014        Sep 6, Egypt’s top prosecutor ordered seven men detained and physically examined over accusations of “debauchery," after a video emerged of a same-sex wedding party. On Nov 1 eight men were convicted of “indecent dabauchery" following their appearance at the wedding party.
    (SSFC, 9/7/14, p.A8)(SSFC, 11/2/14, p.A3)

2014        Sep 10, New Zealand police said Michael Harris (56), who owns the Main Street Lodge in the North Island town of Kaitaia, was charged with 39 offenses against 16 men, including indecent assault, aggravated wounding related to allegedly drugging the men and making intimate visual recordings.
    (AP, 9/10/14)

2014        Sep 13, In Serbia a German man (27), taking part in a gay rights conference, suffered life-threatening brain injuries when he was severely beaten in Belgrade.
    (SSFC, 9/14/14, p.A6)

2014        Sep 26, Latin American and European countries united to push a resolution on ending violence against homosexuals through the UN Human Rights Council, despite strong opposition from Islamic and African states.
    (Reuters, 9/26/14)

2014        Sep 27, In Indonesia lawmakers in Banda Aceh, a conservative Muslim province, passed a law that punishes gay sex by public caning and subjects non-Muslims to strict interpretation of Islamic sharia law.
    (AP, 9/27/14)

2014        Sep 28, In Serbia several hundred gay activists proceeded undisturbed through downtown Belgrade thanks to the protection of thousands of riot police. A day earlier thousands of extremists had protested in Belgrade against the march.
    (AP, 9/28/14)

2014        Sep 30, US ambassador John Tefft expressed regret that the Russian authorities have suspended the FLEX (Future Leaders Exchange) program that saw over 8,000 Russians study in US high schools over the past two decades. Russia pulled the plug after a Russian teenage boy befriended a gay couple and sought asylum in the US on the grounds that he faced persecution at home.
    (AP, 10/1/14)(SSFC, 10/5/14, p.A11)

2014        Oct 6, The US Supreme Court denied review of cases in five states that had limited marriage to opposite sex couples. This in effect granted equal marriage rights to gays and lesbians in Indiana, Oklahoma, Utah, Virginia and Wisconsin.
    (SFC, 10/7/14, p.A1)

2014        Oct 7, A US federal appeals court in San Francisco struck down Nevada and Idaho’s bans on same-sex marriage. The ruling also applies to all nine states in the court’s territory and will overturn marriage bans in Montana, Alaska and Arizona.
    (SFC, 10/8/14, p.A6)
2014        Oct 7, In Kenya transgender activist Audrey Mbugua won a landmark case when the High Court ordered the Kenya National Examinations Council to change her name on her academic certificates.
    (Reuters, 10/7/14)

2014        Oct 8, US Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kenney put a temporary hold on same-sex marriages in Idaho following a request by state officials.
    (SFC, 10/9/14, p.A6)

2014        Oct 9, Estonia became the first former Soviet nation to legalize gay partnerships.
    (AP, 10/9/14)
2014        Oct 9, Gambia’s Pres. Yahya Jammeh signed into law a bill that calls for life imprisonment for some homosexual acts.
    (SFC, 11/22/14, p.A2)

2014        Oct 10, The US Supreme Court said same sex marriages can go ahead in Idaho.
    (SFC, 10/11/14, p.A10)
2014        Oct 10, A US federal judge in North Carolina struck down the state’s gay marriage ban.
    (SFC, 10/11/14, p.A10)

2014        Oct 11, In the Philippines Jeffrey Laude (26), a Filipino cross-dresser, was reportedly killed by a member of the US military. On Oct 18 the government suerved a subpoena for marine Pfc. Joseph Scott Permberton and four other Marines sought as witnesses to the death of Laude.
    (SFC, 10/14/14, p.A2)(SFC, 10/18/14, p.A2)

2014        Oct 18, Rome's left-wing mayor Ignazio Marino registered 16 gay marriages carried out abroad in defiance of Italian law, which does not recognize same-sex unions.
    (AFP, 10/18/14)

2014        Oct 24, In Macedonia about 30 people wearing masks and throwing rocks and bottles attacked members of a gay rights activist group in Skopje, wounding two of them.
    (AP, 10/24/14)

2014        Oct 30, Apple CEO Tim Cook acknowledged that he is gay while advocating for human rights in an essay in Businessweek.
    (SFC, 10/31/14, p.A1)

2014        Nov 2, In Montenegro, a staunchly conservative Balkan country seeking EU membership, about 200 gay activists marched peacefully protected by hundreds of riot police.
    (AP, 11/2/14)

2014        Nov 5, A Missouri state judge overturned the state’s ban on same-sex marriage.
    (SFC, 11/6/14, p.A5)

2014        Nov 6, The Sixth US Circuit Court of Appeals upheld antigay marriage laws in Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio and Tennessee.
    (SFC, 11/7/14, p.A7)

2014        Nov 7, Three Malaysian Muslim transgenders won a landmark court ruling against a religious law banning them from cross-dressing in what activists called a victory for human rights.
    (AP, 11/7/14)
2014        Nov 7, In Russia a lesbian couple tied the knot in a quiet ceremony seen as the first such marriage in the country where gay unions are illegal. The marriage went through in St. Petersburg because one of the women was born male but is now transgender and undergoing hormone therapy.
    (AFP, 11/9/14)

2014        Nov 12, A US federal judge struck down South Carolina’s same-sex marriage ban as unconstitutional, but gave the state a week to appeal.
    (SFC, 11/13/14, p.A6)

2014        Nov 14, A Botswana judge overturned a government ban on a gay rights lobbying group. Justice Terrence Rannoane ruled that the Lesbians, Gays and Bisexuals of Botswana (LEGABIBO) would be allowed to register and campaign for changes to anti-gay legislation but reiterated that it was still illegal to engage in homosexual acts.
    (Reuters, 11/14/14)

2014        Nov 19, A US federal judge overturned Montana’s ban on same-sex marriage. The state’s first legal same-sex marriage took place the next day in Helena.
    (SFC, 11/21/14, p.A6)

2014        Nov 25, A US federal judge struck down an Arkansas voter-approved gay marriage ban, but put the order on hold to allow the state to consider and appeal.
    (SFC, 11/26/14, p.A6)

2014        Nov 30, In India nearly a thousand gay rights activists marched through central New Delhi to demand an end to discrimination against gays in the country’s deeply conservative society.
    (AP, 11/30/14)

2014        Dec 1, In Poland Robert Biedron (38) became mayor of Slupsk and the country's first openly gay mayor.
    (AP, 12/1/14)

2014        Dec 7, Egyptian security forces raided a bath house and arrested 25 men for homosexuality, dragging them naked out of the building in downtown Cairo.
    (AP, 12/8/14)

2014        Dec 17, A Florida judge granted the state’s first formal divorce for a gay couple. The Broward County judge used the case to join other judges in declaring the state’s ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 12/18/14, p.A5)

2014        Dec 19, A Beijing court ordered a psychological clinic to pay compensation to a homosexual man for administering electric shocks in an attempt to make him heterosexual, an unprecedented ruling on so-called conversion therapy.
    (AFP, 12/19/14)

2014        Dec 23, The US White House announced Gambia's termination as a beneficiary of the African Growth and Opportunity Act in response to human rights abuses, including a law signed in October that imposes life imprisonment for some homosexual acts.   
    (AP, 12/25/14)

2014        Dec 24, A French court ordered gossip magazine Closer to pay 20,000 euros ($24,400) in damages for "invasion of privacy." Earlier this month, the magazine published four pages of photos taken in Vienna of the far-right National Front’s Vice President Florian Philippot with a "television journalist" presented as his boyfriend.
    (AFP, 12/24/14)

2014        Dec 27, An Egyptian appeals court reduced the sentences of eight men convicted on charges of "inciting debauchery" for taking part in an alleged same-sex wedding party from three years to one year in prison.
    (AP, 12/27/14)

2014        Dec 29, In Russia new road safety regulations, signed by PM Dmitry Medvedev, barred transexuals, transvestites and others with “sexual disorders," from driving, ostensibly for medical reasons.
    (SFC, 1/10/15, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/pltzas3)

2014        Robert Beachy authored “Gay Berlin: Birthplace of a Modern Identity."
    (SSFC, 11/16/14, p.P1)

2015        Jan 1, The Dominican Rep. said it will not recognize a same-sex marriage performed for the first time there two days earlier.
    (SFC, 1/2/15, p.A2)

2015        Jan 4, A city in central India elected the country's first transgender mayor, nine months after a court ruled that transgender be recognized as a legal third gender. Madhu Kinnar (35) won the mayoral election in Raigarh in the mineral-rich state of Chhattisgarh.
    (Reuters, 1/5/15)

2015        Jan 5, In Miami lesbian and gay couples were wed hours before Florida’s coming out party as the nation’s 36th state to legalize same-sex marriages.
    (SFC, 1/6/15, p.A12)

2015        Jan 7, Nepal said it will issue passports to sexual minorities, adding a third gender category in a sign of the conservative Hindu-majority country becoming more liberal since the end of a decade-long civil war.
    (Reuters, 1/7/15)

2015        Jan 12, A US federal judge declared South Dakota’s ban on same-sex marriage to be illegal, but stayed the decision pending appeal.
    (SFC, 1/13/15, p.A6)
2015        Jan 12, An Egyptian court acquitted 26 men accused of "debauchery" after their night-time arrest last September from a Cairo bathhouse for suspected homosexual activity.
    (AFP, 1/12/15)

2015        Jan 14, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that in total 14 people had been executed for alleged adultery or homosexuality in the war-torn country since July, half of them women. A new video showed fighters from Al-Nusra Front, Al-Qaeda's Syrian affiliate, tying up a woman and shooting her in a square for alleged adultery.
    (AFP, 1/14/15)

2015        Jan 15, A US federal judge ruled that Michigan must validate nearly 300 same-sex marriages as of next month. His decision could be appealed.
    (SFC, 1/16/15, p.A6)

2015        Jan 18, Ireland’s Health Minister Leo Varadkar said he's gay on his 36th birthday, becoming the first openly homosexual government figure in the history of the traditionally conservative Catholic country.
    (AP, 1/18/15)

2015        Jul 23, A US federal court ruled that the Alabama ban on gay marriage is illegal.
    (SFC, 1/24/15, p.A4)
2015        Jan 23, A Russian court convicted journalist Yelena Klimova (26) under a controversial law banning "gay propaganda" aimed at minors. She had set up the “children 404" website to support gay, lesbian and transgender teenagers. "The verdict was a fine of 50,000 rubles ($783).
    (AFP, 1/23/15)

2015        Jan 28, France's highest court ruled that a gay French-Moroccan couple are allowed to marry despite the North African kingdom's refusal to recognize marriages between two men.
    (AP, 1/28/15)

2015        Feb 4, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder said he would not appeal a federal court ruling that required the state to recognize over 300 same-sex marriages that took place on March 22, 2014. The ruling takes effect Feb 5, 2015.
    (SFC, 2/5/15, p.A5)

2015        Feb 7, Slovaks voted in a nationwide a referendum that would bar gay marriages and adoptions, and allow parents to decide whether their children attend sex education classes. The votes won't count unless at least half of the eligible voters turn out. Voters overwhelmingly voted "yes" — 95, 92 and 90 percent, respectively — to the three questions. But turnout reached only 21.4 percent, far less than the 50 percent needed.
    (AP, 2/7/15)(AP, 2/8/15)

2015        Feb 9, Alabama became the 37th state where gays can legally wed. State chief justice Roy Moore told judges not to let gays marry. At least seven of 67 counties issued gay marriage licenses. 47 of the state’s 67 counties were issuing licenses by Feb 13.
    (SFC, 2/10/15, p.A4)(SFC, 2/14/15, p.A7)

2015        Feb 10, Malaysian opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim began a 5-year prison sentence after a court rejected his final appeal against a sodomy conviction.
    (AP, 2/10/15)

2015        Feb 18, Kate Brown (54), former Oregon secretary of state, was sworn in as the state’s new governor, becoming the country’s first openly bisexual governor.
    (SFC, 2/19/15, p.A10)(Econ., 2/21/15, p.30)

2015        Mar 3, The Alabama Supreme Court ordered the state’s probate judges to stop issuing marriage licenses to gay couples.
    (SFC, 3/4/15, p.A6)

2015        Mar 10, Photos shared by sympathizers on social media said the Islamic State group has publicly beheaded three men in northern Iraq, two of them for allegedly engaging in homosexual acts.
    (AFP, 3/10/15)

2015        Mar 14, Sweden-based Ikea, the world's largest furniture retailer, said it is halting its online magazine in Russia out of fears it violates the country's law banning promotion of same-sex gay values to minors.
    (AP, 3/14/15)

2015        Mar 24, The UN General Assembly’s budget committee approved a plan to give benefits to all spouses of gay UN staffers who are legally married regardless of same-sex marriage laws in their home countries.
    (SFC, 3/25/15, p.A7)

2015        Mar 25, California announced legal action to suppress a "reprehensible" ballot initiative to outlaw homosexuality -- on pain of execution. The proposal was submitted by lawyer Matthew McLaughlin to the California Attorney General's office late last month.
    (AFP, 3/25/15)

2015        Mar 26, Indiana Gov. Mike Pence signed into law a religious objections bill that some convention organizers and business leaders have opposed amid concern it could allow discrimination against gay people.
    (AP, 3/26/15)

2015        Mar 31, In Japan a landmark vote by the assembly of Tokyo's Shibuya ward, the district famous as a mecca for trendy youngsters became the first locale in Japan to recognize same sex partnerships as the "equivalent of a marriage," guaranteeing the identical rights of married couples, including hospital visitations and apartment rentals.
    (AP, 3/31/15)

2015        Apr 2, The US states of Arkansas and Indiana passed amended versions of religious freedom laws following a nationwide outcry that the original legislation effectively legalized discrimination against homosexuals.
    (AFP, 4/2/15)

2015        Apr 8, The Obama administration called for an end to therapies aimed at changing the sexual orientation of gay, lesbian and transgender youth.
    (SFC, 4/9/15, p.A6)

2015        Apr 15, Guam’s attorney general directed officials to immediately begin processing same-sex marriage applications.
    (SFC, 4/16/15, p.A7)

2015        Apr 28, The US Supreme Court heard arguments on whether gay couples have a constitutional right to wed.
    (AFP, 4/28/15)

2015        May 4, The US Supreme Court let stand a lower court's ban on therapy intended to change the sexual orientation of gay youths under the age of 18.
    (AFP, 5/4/15)

2015        May 15, Luxermbourg PM xavier Bettel married Gauthier Destenay, a Belgian architect, in the first same-sex marriage of an EU leader.
    (SFC, 5/16/15, p.A2)

2015        May 17, In Chile thousands of people, many waving rainbow-colored flags, gathered in Santiago for a "March for Equality," pushing the government to acknowledge more gay rights.
    (AFP, 5/17/15)
2015        May 17, Russian police detained 17 protesters as they gathered in central Moscow to release colorful balloons into the air to mark the International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia.
    (Reuters, 5/18/15)

2015        May 19, In Northern Ireland a Christian bakery was found guilty of discrimination for refusing to bake a cake advocating gay marriage, in a landmark legal case brought by local authorities.
    (AFP, 5/19/15)

2015        May 22, Ireland voted on whether to allow gay marriage. Irish voters backed same-sex marriage by a margin of 62.1% making it the first country to adopt same-sex marriage via a popular vote.
    (Reuters, 5/22/15)(AP, 5/23/15)

2015        May, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh said he would slit the throats of men who wanted to marry other men in the small West African nation.
    (AFP, 5/16/15)

2015        Jun 3, Mexico's supreme court ruled it is unconstitutional for Mexican states to bar same-sex marriages. The court's ruling was considered a "jurisprudential thesis" and did not invalidate any state laws, meaning gay couples denied the right to wed would have to turn to the courts individually.
    (AP, 6/12/15)

2015        Jun 5, Guam Gov. Eddie Calvo said marriage license applications from same-sex couples will be accepted after a federal judge's decision made the island the first US territory to recognize gay marriage. The decision goes into effect at 8 a.m. on June 9, when gay couples can begin applying for marriage licenses.
    (AP, 6/5/15)

2015        Jun 6, In Ukraine opponents of a gay rights march held in Kiev threw smoke bombs and tear gas. Police said five officers were injured as well as four of the estimated 300 marchers.
    (AP, 6/6/15)

2015        Jun 12, In Israel thousands of bare-chested muscular men, drag queens in heavy makeup and high heels, women in colorful balloon costumes and others partied at Tel Aviv's annual gay pride parade.
    (AP, 6/12/15)

2015        Jun 13, In Slovenia over a thousand people marched at the country’s 15th Gay Pride festival warning their fight was not over since a recently adopted bill legalizing same-sex marriages could still be revoked in a referendum.
    (AFP, 6/13/15)

2015        Jun 18, It was reported that two men were arrested this week in Baluchistan, Pakistan, for reportedly marrying each other. They were charged under Section 277 of the Pakistani penal code. A man who allegedly officiated the ceremony was also arrested.
    (SFC, 6/18/15, p.A4)

2015        Jun 20, In Italy hundreds of thousands gathered in Rome to demonstrate against gay unions and the teaching of gender theories in schools, as PM Matteo Renzi worked to push a civil union bill through parliament.
    (AFP, 6/20/15)
2015        Jun 20, In Latvia up to 5,000 people participated in a high-profile gay pride event in Riga. Police said three people from the counter-demonstration were arrested for trying to throw eggs and for illegal picketing.
    (AP, 6/20/15)

2015        Jun 26, The US Supreme Court ruled that the US Constitution provides same-sex couples the right to marry in a historic triumph for the American gay rights movement.
    (Reuters, 6/26/15)

2015        Jun 27, In Ireland tens of thousands of revelers created a carnival atmosphere in Dublin’s gay Pride parade.
    (AFP, 6/27/15)

2015        Jun 28, In Turkey riot police in Istanbul used teargas and water cannon to disperse thousands of participants in the Gay Pride parade in the Turkish after demonstrators began shouting slogans accusing the social conservative President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of "fascism".
    (AFP, 6/28/15)

2015        Jun 29, Mozambique decriminalized homosexuality when a new penal code came into force that swept away old Portuguese colonial laws.
    (AFP, 6/29/15)

2015        Jul 1, Episcopalians, meeting in Salt Lake at the Episcopal General Convention, voted to allow religious weddings for same-sex couples.
    (SFC, 7/2/15, p.A7)

2015        Barney Frank authored his memoir “Frank: A Life in Politics From the Great Society to Same-Sex Marriage."
    (SSFC, 3/15/15, p.N5)

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Subject = Gays
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