Timelines of History
Jan 1, 2003
Happy New year to one and all!
The following individual subject timelines have been added:
Air crashes; Artists; Baseball; Beer & Wine, CIA-FBI; Disasters;
Dow Jones; Earthquakes & Nuclear Explosions; Fashion; Historians; Food;
Games & Toys; Labor; Money; Philosophers; Theater; and Writers. As
with all the files, the contents are by no means complete, but they have
reached a size as to provide some usefulness.
New clothes: I have made an attempt to enhance the front page with
a little color and re-organization. This is an ongoing effort and criticism
Quick Topic: I created a link some time ago for users to post issues
to the QuickTopic site (top front page link). Here opinions and questions
can be raised for public access. I myself pretty much ignored the site
and was surprised to find a lot of postings. I will check it more often
and try to address user issues when I can.
The New Year brings in a new CyberSurfari game for students. My clue
for this semester is as follows:
Irene Lubberwort, the sister of Prof. Makrotous Lubberwort, the one
with the big ears who loves junk food, is helping her brother research
that famous scientist who they say discovered gravity after an apple fell
on his head. Dust off your time machine and jump back to the year 1686
and find the name of the book written by that famous scientist.
Every year about this time I have to make the decision of whether or
not to continue my efforts in tracking major world events on a daily basis.
I have kept this up for over 6 years now and it is not an easy task, especially
with a full time job. I have decided to continue the chore for at least
another year due to the particular instability of the times.
May these winds of war soon pass to yesterday
Averted by a massive berm of righteous common sense!
Timelines of History
Jan 15, 2003
Recent readings from "The Landscape of History" by John Lewis Gaddis
pointed out to me, among other things, just how powerful the historians
basic tool of narrative can be. Last week I had the honor of attending
a performance by the Lithuanian Vilnius String Quartet at the Kohl Mansion
in Burlingame, Ca. This event brought together an unusual number of very
disparate, yet intertwined elements. Some of these elements I weave together
below in timeline form. In one sense they all culminate with the concert,
in another they all live on contributing more details our rich "historical
landscape." Though a narrative would indeed be the best form here, the
following short timeline will have to suffice for now.
I pulled out all the references here for the sake of brevity.
1810 Jun 8, Robert Schumann (d.1856), German composer, was born in
1827 Catherine McAuley (1787-1841), founded the sisters of mercy in
Dublin, Ireland. They engaged chiefly in works of spiritual and corporal
1856 Jul 29, Robert Schumann (46), German composer, died. He had starved
himself to death in a madhouse. The 1947 film "Song of Love" was based
on the Robert and Clara Schuman. In 2000 J.D. Landis authored "Longing"
a novel based on the love affair between Robert Schuman and Clara Wieck.
1863 Frederick Kohl was born. He later inherited a fortune from his
father’s shipping business, the Alaska Commercial Co.
1879 Sep 10, M.K. Ciurlionis, Lithuanian artist and composer, was born.
1900 Edith Dunlop, the 1st wife of Frederick Kohl, died.
1904 Frederick Kohl married singer Mary Elizabeth "Bessie" Godey of
1906 Sep 25, Dimitri Shostakovich (d.1975), Soviet composer who wrote
15 symphonies, was born. His work included the Violin Concerto No. 2.
1911 Mar 28, M.K. Ciurlionis (b.1875), Lithuanian artist and composer,
1912 In Burlingame Charles Frederick Kohl (d.1924) and his wife summoned
John McBain to build a half-million-dollar, Tudor-styled, 42,000-sq-ft
mansion on 40 acres along what later became Adeline Drive.
1914 Dec 25, In Burlingame Charles Frederick Kohl and his wife Mary
Elizabeth opened "The Oaks," their 63-room mansion on Adeline Drive for
their 1st party. It was sold on Kohl's death to the Sisters of Mercy and
became Mercy High School in 1932. The Kohl Mansion at 2750 Adeline Dr.
was built in 1914-1915 for $525,000.
1916 Charles Frederick Kohl separated from his wife Mary Elizabeth.
Frederick moved to the St. Francis Hotel in SF and Bessie travelled to
Europe to sing for the troops.
1921 The film "Little Lord Fauntleroy" starred Mary Pickford and Douglas
Fairbanks. The Burlingame, Ca., house of Charles Frederick Kohl served
as Dorincourt castle.
1921 Charles Frederick Kohl committed suicide at the Del Monte Lodge
near Monterey. His lover Marion Lauderback Lord inherited his Burlingame
house and much of his estate.
1923 The film "Half Dollar Bill" starred William Carleton and Anna
Nilsson. It was shot in part at the Victorian home of Capt. William Kohl
in San Mateo, Ca. The home became San Mateo Junior College later the same
1924 Feb, The Sisters of Mercy moved into the Kohl mansion in Burlingame,
recently purchased for $230,000 from Marion Lauderback Lord.
1931 The Sisters of Mercy moved out of the Kohl mansion in Burlingame
to newly built facilities. The mansion became Mercy High School.
1975 Dimitri Shostakovich (b.1906), Soviet composer who wrote 15 symphonies,
died. His work included the Violin Concerto No. 2. Symphony No. 13, "Babi
Yar," was written to commemorate the massacre of Jews during WW II, and
premiered in the US in 1970. Symphony No. 12, "The Year 1917," was dedicated
to the memory of Lenin.
1982 Mercy High School introduced a concert series in the great hall
of the Kohl Mansion.
2002 John Lewis Gaddis authored "The Landscape of History: How Historians
Map the Past."
2003 Jan 12, The Vilnius String Quartet performed a concert at the
Kohl Mansion in Burlingame, Ca. The program included the music of MK Ciurlionis
(1875-1911), D. Shostokovich (1906-1975), and R. Schumann (1810-1856).
I am looking to find a few people to submit short contributions to
these newsletters. If you would like to make a contribution, please let
Timelines of History
Feb 1, 2003
In the early 1960s I was fortunate to get a small summer job in an immunology
research laboratory at Children’s Hospital in Detroit. The work there focused
on identifying and studying various disease related proteins. It was led
by Dr. M. Poulik, a recent arrival from Czechoslovakia, who also got me
the job. One of the principal techniques used there was called 2-dimensional,
gel electrophoresis. This procedure essentially migrated blood serum proteins
through a special gel under an electric field, after they were already
separated in a previous run using paper chromatography or another gel.
The multi-dimensional aspect of this process stuck with ever after and
when I took up gathering data for the timelines, I applied the multi-dimensional
The series of unrelated events, gathered in various Today in History
files, I have laboriously turned into the sequential timelines. In order
to provide even more context and relevancy, I spliced all the events, whenever
possible, into their appropriate geographic and subject context (this is
still ongoing). Thus the TLS work as a 4-D tool. I prove to myself the
utility of this methodology on a daily basis when adding new items. The
ties between new information and previously entered items often only become
exposed in the 3rd or 4th dimension of location and subject, because the
original dates were not specifically identified. So to take Feb 1 as an
example, as good a day as any and my b-day to boot, we see that Boris Yeltsin
was born in the Urals (1931) just days before Isabel Peron (Feb 4) was
born in Argentina, at about the same time as the Japanese were preparing
to broadcast their 1st televised baseball game (Feb 12), and just prior
to the 1st release of Dracula. That’s enough to call for an Alka-Seltzer
I have updated 2002 to included the Nov and Dec files. The NL Archive
files has been updated thru 2002.
I would here like to introduce my 1st outside Timeline contributor.
Starla, a young hair-dresser from Delaware, has agreed to do occasional
Hair Today, the 1st of an ongoing series:
What is "beauty"? What makes a person beautiful." Why? This question
can be answered in as many ways as their are cultures in this world. And
some of those different beauty ideals seem pretty bizarre, even frightening,
to us. In America, we are obsessed beyond all good sense with weight and
proportions. "You can never be too rich or too thin" says a character in
the Stephen King book "The Talisman." And that about sums it up for what
we, as a group, think is good-looking.
But in parts of Nigeria, being thin is not a desirable condition for
a young woman. Nigerian bridegrooms, when seeking a wife, value fatness
above almost all else. So young Nigerian girls spend a good deal
of time in a "fattening room" where they occupy themselves in eating as
much as they can hold and in lounging about avoiding exercise. A
fat bride is desirable because it shows that the bride's family has enough
money to feed her, which is an important consideration in a society where
dowries are still paid. Sitting around and eating to become beautiful may
sound appealing to many, but other beautification practices aren't likely
to catch on anywhere else.
Everyone is of course aware of the old, unpleasant and thankfully now-obsolete
Chinese practice of the binding of women's feet, which was begun when a
girl was about six or so, in order that her feet should not grow any larger.
Though by most other standards what resulted from this was a deformity
and a handicap, to the Chinese the smaller and more shrunken a woman's
feet, the better. It was a mark of the upper class and indicated that the
woman did not have to do any work and might even be carried about in a
sedan chair if she felt like going someplace. Peasant women did not bind
their feet since they were expected to work in the fields and could not
have done so unless their feet were normally developed. Thus, bound feet
was a symbol of privilege.
Many of us shudder at the thought of tattoos or body piercing, but
again, this is another case of "it could be worse." In parts of New Guinea,
women decorate themselves by burning their skin with small red-hot round
stones, making dozens of these round scars on their arms and torsos. Male
Australian aborigines coming of age undergo a ritual in which their nose
is pierced, a front tooth is knocked out and a deep circular scar is carved
into their chests. And among certain African tribes, boys destined to become
warriors submit to having their teeth filed into sharp points or
their faces slashed, the resulting scars being signs of virility and courage
and all those other warrior-like qualities.
And the prize for "most savage cosmetic treatment" goes to the Yanomani
tribe of Venezuela. Recognized in "Felton and Fowler's Best, Worst, and
Most Unusual" as the most violent civilization (for lack of a better word)
on Earth, this tribe thrives on brutality and bloodsport. They fight continually
among themselves and other tribes, committing rape, pillage and murder
for the fun of it. A favorite pastime is a fight (often to the Death) between
males, the object being to split your opponent's head open with a club
or whatever happens to be hand. The injuries inflicted, if the person survives,
leave grisly and lifelong scarring, and this and all other scarring is
much prized in both sexes. People compare their injuries and boast of them
the way American kids compare baseball cards or Barbie dolls. Women make
rivals of each other over who has been most scarred and battered by her
husband. The man with the most dramatic wounds is considered the choicest
So next time you complain about the discomfort of having your eyebrows
or legs waxed, or dread two hours with your head saturated with noxious
perming solution, count our blessings. It could indeed be much worse.
As always your comments, suggestions and contributions are much appreciated.
Timelines of History
Feb 15, 2003
My newsletter #21 (Feb 15, 2002) presented my Love Babies list, a gathering
of historical characters born on or around Nov 15, 9 months after Valentine’s
day. For those of you who missed it, it is available in the NL #1 Archive.
As a exercise in timeline use let’s imagine that Feb 15 is itself a
day that has gestated for 9 months and look at some of the interesting
events of May 15 that "one way or another" relate to love or the lack thereof:
392 May 15, Valentinianus II (21), emperor of Rome (375-392), was murdered.
1536 May 15, Anna Boleyn and Lord Rochford were accused of adultery,
incest, treason. [see May 2, May 19]
1618 May 15, Johannes Kepler discovered his harmonics law.
1862 May 15, General Benjamin F. ("Beast") Butler decreed "Woman Order,"
that all captured women in New Orleans were to be his whores.
1894 May 15, Katherine Anne Porter (d.1980), American author,
was born. She is best remembered for her book "Ship of Fools." "Love must
be learned, and learned again and again; there is no end to it. Hate needs
no instruction, but wants only to be provoked." "I do not understand the
world, but I watch its progress."
(WUD, 1994 p.1120)(AP, 1/25/98)(AP, 3/4/99)(HN, 5/15/99)
1970 May 15, Beatles' last LP, "Let It Be," was released in US.
1972 May 15, George Wallace was shot by Arthur Bremer while campaigning
in Laurel, Maryland, for the Democratic presidential primary. He was left
(HFA, '96, p.30)(SFC, 8/16/96, p.D11)(AP, 5/15/97)(HN, 5/15/98)
We shall see what this year brings.
The winter edition of the student Cyber-Surfari contest has closed.
My submission for their Spring Contest is as follows:
Igy Lubberwort, the lazy nephew of Prof. Makrotous Lubberwort, has been
hired to take care of Mak’s house, while the Prof. goes on a well-deserved
vacation. Igy has decided to check out the professor’s ancient film collection.
Dust off your time machine and jump into the special subject film archive
to find the name of one of the old 1896 films that has caught Igy’s eye.
Cuba travel link: the folks at www.sprachcaffe.com, an int’l. language
school, have offered a link exchange with the timelines. I placed their
link in the Cuba file.
New additions include the NASA file in the special subject section.
The folks at Family Tree Magazine have decided to feature the Timelines
website on their homepage Feb 16, 2003. They have a very nice website and
magazine for those interested in family genealogy and I have placed a link
to their homepage near the top of my front page.
An now for Hair Today: An irregular timelines feature by:
Starla: on assignment from a lady’s head salon someplace in Delmarva:
My hair stands on end every time I read the morning paper, whether
or not I shampoo before reading it. Can you help me?
Dear Frizz: It would be better if you read the paper while your hair
wet. Wet hair, because it is necessarily heavier than dry hair, won't
hold a static charge, and won't stand up no matter what you read. You may
however, if you are angry enough by what you read, notice that your wet
hair will actually steam. Be careful of scalding.
I just watched the annual Delaware Pumpkin' Chunkin' contest on TV
and noticed that all the male contestants seemed to have long hair. I have
also noticed that most terrorists also appear to have long hair. Do you
believe that there is some biological relation- ship here.
2002 Nov, Delaware’s annual Pumpkin’ Chunkin’ contest was won
by the 2nd Amendment team from Michigan.
But of course there's a connection! How far removed is catapulting
a giant pumpkin from hurling a live grenade or Molotov cocktail.
If either one hits you great damage will certainly result. The guys with
the short hair all have more important things to do on their Saturdays
than flinging large gourds about. They play golf and plan wars, or entertain
clients, or sit comatose in their recliners watching televised sports.
Can you recommend something that I can take to keep my hair kinda'
medium. I do not want to play golf and plan wars, or turn into a grenade
or gourd thrower.
Try scissors, but don't use them yourself. A professional should use
this miracle implement on your hair every time it starts pushing past medium.
Do not allow said professional to perform this procedure on you if she/he
has first placed a bowl on your head. You'll be less than medium that way.
Have you ever noticed that, the first time you shampoo your hair, you
don't get that many suds? Then when you lather up a second time, you can
make lots of bubbles? Ever wonder why this is so? Like so many troubling
questions lately, the answer involves oil. Your own oil, to be exact. When
you first put soap in your hair, the oil on your scalp coats the bubbles
in the soap, causing them to be small and break easily and making it difficult
for more to form. But after you've washed it the first time, most of that
oil is gone, so a second squirt of shampoo foams up nicely. This phenomenon
can also be observed when pouring a beer or soda. Stick your finger into
the foamy head on the drink and you will reduce it immediately. This is
one experiment nobody can sue me over if you try it at home. Find out the
answers to many more of these burning mysteries in the "Imponderables"
series of books by David Feldman at: www.imponderables.com
If there’s something that makes you wanna just tear your hair out,
do not hesitate to contact either *la or myself.
Donations and general remarks are also accepted.
Timelines of History
March 1, 2003
I would first like to thank Mr. Robert White for his kind donation.
That makes a total of $80 for 2003 to date.
Updated files include: 1525-1549, 1898-1899, Japan, Mexico,
Vatican. New files in the subject section include: Nobel prize winners.
Rebecca Groeneveld, Santa Monica city librarian, sent a note
that included the following:
The Santa Monica Public Library is joining libraries across the nation
in sponsoring a "Citywide Reads" Project, aimed at fostering community
through literature. We have chosen the book Balzac and the Little Chinese
Seamstress by Dai Sijie, and during the months of April and May, we will
ask all who live, work, attend school, etc. in the City of Santa Monica
to read this book and come to the over 25 book discussions and events we
will sponsor thru ought the city to discuss the book and its themes. The
book is a coming of age story for two boys in China during the Cultural
Revolution. They are sent "up to the mountains" for re-education and find
there a stash of Western literature that transforms their lives, as well
as those around them in "The Phoenix in the Sky" mountain village. As a
way of providing participants with historical context around these events,
I would like to provide a timeline of China, and snippets of world history
during the decade 1966-1976. We will be creating both a printed pamphlet
of information, as well as a more extensive web presence for this information.
Could I use the information you provide as a guide for our participants?
Of course, I would very clearly indicate where the information came from,
with links to your site. This information would truly enhance the experience
of our Citywide Reads Project.
Permission was of course granted with the caveat that the TL data is
intended as a research tool and not as a primary source.
On another note Rolf Hasse sent me the following:
OK, you should check your facts before putting a bunch of horse shit
on your website. Opus Dei was NOT founded by a Mexican peasant in the 1500s,
you ignorant dufus. It was founded in the 1940s by a priest in Spain. Makes
me wonder how many of your so-called historical "facts" are inaccurate,
or just plain wrong. Stay off the drugs, son.
I thanked Mr. Hasse for his comments and responded as follows:
The entries on Opus Dei in the timelines follow below. You will note
that the 1531 entry begins with the word legend and that there is a bracketed
reference to the 2002 entry in which AP identifies the founding of Opus
Dei to 1928. I have for years urged users to help me in finding and eliminating
errors. My entries are almost all identified by source material. One of
my major reasons for undertaking the project was due to the enormous amount
of errors in numerous places including daily print and various internet
sources. My methodology allows for quick feedback and correction. I only
ask that a proper ref be provided along with the corrections. Due to the
large scope of the project, it is way beyond my capacity to verify all
the factual data. I work alone in my spare time and the timelines are provided
as an independent research tool for which I receive no significant funds.
I am saddened by your dismissive tone and suggest that you try helping
correct errors that you find rather than make making cheap and inappropriate
comments. I do thank you for bringing my attention to Opus Dei entries.
It is clear that the WSJ or SFC erred in one of the articles cited. I will
delete the mention of Opus Dei in the 1531 Dec 12 entry.
1531 Dec 12, Legend held that a dark-skinned Virgin Mary appeared
to a peasant outside Mexico City and left an imprint on his cactus-fiber
poncho. The poncho became an icon for the Virgin of Guadalupe. Juan Diego
Cuauhtlatoatzin, an Indian peasant, had visions of the Virgin Mary and
founded Opus Dei. In 2002 Pope John Paul II planned to canonize him. The
Vatican's main source was a religious work that dated to 1666. [see Oct
(SFC, 2/1/99, p.A9)(WSJ, 2/27/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/17/02, p.A1)(AP,
1999 Dec 11, In Chile presidential elections were held. Ricardo Lagos,
a leftist moderate, was the candidate for the governing Concertacion. Joaquin
Lagos, a right-wing populist, was a member of Opus Dei, a conservative
(SFC, 12/11/99, p.A16)
2002 Oct 6, Pope John Paul II raised to sainthood Josemaria Escriva
de Balaguer the Spanish priest who founded the conservative Catholic organization
Opus Dei (1928), only 27 years after his death. [see 1531]
My star contributor to the irregular "Hair Today" feature suffered
a computer crash and will not post until she's able to "score a new axe."
By accident I recently ran across another article titled "Hair Today" by
Glenn O'Brian from the Nov or Dec issue of Paper Magazine (p.54). Mr. O'Brian
wrote a nostalgic essay that recalled the late 60's when a Hippie's mane
of hair meant something. He then poignantly questioned how we have gotten
from then to the brink of war now: "Where did we go wrong?" My own hope
is that the question is premature. Local and int'l. protests indicate that
the collective "we" is on the right track. If and when bombs fall the question
to be asked will be: How does a nation stop a leader who acts in opposition
to the will of the nation?
Hair Yesterday: A few odd strands:
80 Million Upper Cretaceous terrestrial siltstones and sandstones in
Big Bend National park, Texas, has fossil of Quetzalcoatlus. It is the
largest known Pterosaur with a wingspan of 12 m. It was probably a scavenger
and was covered with hair.
c800CE The inhabitants of the British Isles did not comb their hair
until they were taught by the Danes about this time.
(SFC, 6/30/96, Z1 p.5)
850-930 Hucbaldus Elnonensis, was a French monk and composer,
who became known for writing poetry about the hairless. He wrote "Ecloga
de Calvis," (In Praise of Bald Men) for Hatto, a bald archbishop. All 150
lines of the Latin verse begin with the letter c (calvus means bald in
(WSJ, 11/23/98, p.B1)
1600-1700 In England the Roundheads were members or adherents of the
Parliamentarians or Puritan party during the civil wars of the 17th century.
They were called roundheads by the Cavaliers in derision because they wore
their hair cut short.
(WUD, 1994, p.1248)
1644 The Manchu emperors of China ordered all subjects to shave the
top of their heads and wear the rest of their hair in a braid. The men
complied until 1911 but the women did not.
(SFEC, 9/8/96, Z1 p.6)
As always your comments and donations are much appreciated.
Timelines of History
March 15, 2003
My star reporter Starla (*la) is still without a computer, so the Hair
Today feature will be temporarily replaced with the following: 50 years
ago I was a boisterous lad of 6 years and around me events took place of
which I had absolutely no conception. Today I can look back, put on my
6-year-old hat, and note in retrospect the following: Hank Williams died
on the 1st day of 1953 (beware the drugs and alcohol). Pres. Truman announced
the development of a hydrogen bomb (beware the hydrogen bomb). Gen. Eisenhower
was inaugurated as president (beware the military-industrial complex).
Mr. Muggs joined the Today Show (beware of monkeys on TV talk shows). Sen.
Morse presciently left the GOP due to its domination by Conservatives (beware
conservative domination in government). "You Are There" premiered with
Walter Cronkite (am I or am I not there). Peter Pan opened in NYC (where
is there in never-never land). Superman syndicated on TV (I can spread
my molecules apart and walk through any wall). Pres. Eisenhower refused
clemency to the Rosenbergs (beware of presidents who defy the Pope). Ted
Williams was shot down in Korea (over there again). Baseball is not a business
(beware the law of the land). Watson and Crick discovered DNA (remember
Rosalind Franklin). Stalin died and the Chechens were allowed to return
home (no comment). And how about that American nucular (sic) bomb that
accidentally fell over North Carolina. More later.
You are one of some 620 subscribers to the Timelines Newsletter. Consider
for a moment if the TL web site were not available. In an effort to increase
usage and possibly donations, I would like to offer all of you the opportunity
of requesting a handful of my timelines business cards, to pass out to
friends and colleagues who might be interested in the timelines.ws web
site. This is a relatively inexpensive form of advertising and a great
conversation piece. I will be happy to provide for free a handful of cards
to all who request them. Just send an e-mail with your address included.
Be assured your address will not be used for any other purpose.
I have established a direct link with the QuickTopic service so that
any posts there will trip an e-mail to me on any matter in question. The
QuickTopic link is near the top of TL front page.
Updated files included: "Black History" and "Food" in the special subjects
Delaware AeroSpace Education Foundation
I am working with a group based in Delaware, which is in the process
of building a science and technology center. One of our exhibits will be
a changeable timeline of discoveries and innovations, with interactive
capabilities to allow its use for educational activities with school students
and the general public. I was happy to find your site on the web. It looks
like there is a wealth of information here. I will talk to our director
about making a donation to the maintenance of the site. Our website with
information about our organization and ITEC, the center we are building,
can be found at dasef.org. Can you tell me if you are affiliated with a
learning institution or some other corporate organization? I am curious
about why you have decided to provide this website. Thanks for your time.
(No pun intended.) I thanked Rick for his interest and comments and posted
a link to the foundation at the top of the Technology subject file. I have
not heard any more on the matter.
As always your comments, donations and suggestions are highly appreciated.
Timelines of History
Apr 1, 2003
A work-related fall 2 weeks ago set my sacroiliac back a bit. The pain
has eased but shortly after the fall I ran into some major computer problems
that resulted in the loss of a year’s worth of work. I was lucky enough
to have had a month-old backup of the TL files. Recent updates on the web
site provided me with more critical files and the retrieval of old papers
just before recycle night saved the rest. My sacro did not appreciate any
of this. I have now incorporated a routine back-up program to make such
disasters more tolerable.
The timelines custom-made, up-to-date CD is still available at $50
plus $5 for shipping. I will provide a 50% student discount. Last month’s
special offer of free timelines’ business cards is still open.
A sharp-eyed user noted that 1990 Jan-Jun was posted in duplicate.
I updated this file.
User feedback also pointed out that the following posted event was
considered at the time but never actually happened:
1581 Nov 7, Queen Elizabeth I and Francois of Anjou were wed."
The item was removed from the appropriate files. Thus updated files
include 1581, Nov 7, Great Britain 1551-1710, and France up to 1649.
My star contributor Starla is back and has decided to submit some sage
advice for those of you considering a tattoo. Apropos I searched the timelines
for a little background on tattoos and came up with the following:
1833 Jul, In Australia the native warrior Yagan was shot dead
by teenage bounty hunters. He had been a go-between for his people and
European settlers in Western Australia and later an implacable foe. His
head and the tribal tattoo on his back were hacked off and taken to Britain
for study and display. The body parts were returned in Sep 1997. A statue
was erected in his honor on an island park in Perth in 1983. It was repeatedly
vandalized and its head was sawed off in 1997 shortly after the homecoming
of Yagan’s real head.
(SFEC, 10/5/97, p.A20)
1898 In the Marquesas Islands missionaries forbade the natives
to tattoo their bodies.
(SFEC, 8/25/96, p.T6)
1919 May 29, An eclipse occurred that was photographed by two
British expeditions, one in Africa and the other in Brazil. It was found
that pictures of the stars surrounding the sun were slightly shifted in
the radial direction, in complete agreement with the prediction of Einstein’s
General Theory of Relativity. The 1951 play "Rose Tattoo" by Tennessee
(Thomas Lanier) Williams was originally titled "The Eclipse of May 29,
(SCTS, p.29)(SFC, 10/12/96, p.E3)
1919 May 29, Arthur Eddington, a British astronomer, mounted
an expedition to Sobral, Brazil, to watch an eclipse and gather data to
verify Einstein's theory of relativity. Though his results were ambiguous
he claimed triumph. In 1980 Harry Colling and Trevor Pinch published "The
Golem," an account of the expedition.
(WSJ, 8/11/99, p.A18)
c1590-1600 In late 16th century Prague Rabbi Judah Bezalel Loew, the
Maharal, used clay and the mysticism of the Kabbalah to fashion the Golem,
a human-like creature to help avenge Jewish persecution.
(WSJ, 4/17/02, p.D7)
1921 H. Leivick wrote his Yiddish play "The Golem." It was translated
to English in 1966.
(WSJ, 4/17/02, p.D7)
1965 Mar, In this issue of American Scientist Henry David Block
showed how easy it was to build a computer that learns using just dixie
cups and cardboard. Block called his computer G-1 (G is for Golem, the
robot slave of Jewish legend). He used the game of Nim to illustrate his
(NOHY, 3/90, p.204)
1982 Isaac Bashevis Singer wrote "The Golem."
(SFEC, 12/22/96, BR p.7)
back on track
1966 South Carolina passed a law banning tattoo parlors.
(WSJ, 7/22/02, p.A1)
1997 Feb 27, A jury in Fayetteville, N.C., convicted former Army
paratrooper James N. Burmeister of murdering a black couple so he could
get a skinhead tattoo. He was later sentenced to life in prison.
Hey, loyal fans, I'm BAAAAAck! Miss me? I thought so.
Today's topic is going to be about tattooing. Yes, I am well aware
that tattooing has nothing to do with hair, but it's a matter of looks
just the same and I do have a few things to say, mainly aimed at those
of you who are contemplating getting one. Before you ask, yes, I have a
tattoo, so I speak with at least a little experience. And no, you cannot
see a pic. Naughty, naughty. It's on my shoulder. A red rose in flames.
A small one. Things to remember and consider when getting a tattoo:
1. It should not be a hasty decision. If you are going to get something
so permanent, why not take the time to make sure you get exactly
what you want? Look at designs, talk to tattooed friends, find something
you really love. Then wait a few days and see if that's still the design
2. I assume I don't need to tell you to go to a reputable tattooist.
If the place doesn't look or smell clean, don't go there. Period.
3. Make sure your tattooist uses a pattern for the design rather than
trying to do it freehand. Tattoos done freehand look bad.
4. Be mindful of where you have the tattoo put on, and be aware that
the tattoo will change in appearance if you lose or gain a lot of weight.
I have a friend with Mickey Mouse on her stomach. She had a baby
and now Mickey looks stretched and thin. Also, a tattoo that is on a place
like the foot will tend to get rubbed a lot and in the beginning this can
mess up the design.
5. My friend's Mickey Mouse brings up another issue: childish
designs. In my admittedly biased and probably uncharitable opinion, if
a person is old enough to get tattooed, then he or she is a wee bit too
old to be wanting a cartoon or Disney character emblazoned on their flesh.
Fifty years from now, will many people even remember say, the Smurfs? Corollary:
please, not really stupid designs. Any hate emblem of course is likely
only to cause bad feelings and make the wearer look like a jerk. And stuff
like a dotted line and the words "CUT HERE" or a sign on the stomach saying
"Fuel tank" are not necessary. 6. One final point, at the risk of sounding
like somebody's mother: Remember, it's PERMANENT! Yes, you can have it
lasered or salted or whatever, but these "removal" procedures often leave
scarring that was worse than the tattoo was, and more noticeable. If you
are at all unsure, try a temporary tattoo, the kind that comes off with
alcohol or several washings with soap and water. That will give some idea
of what it'll be like to be
If you ignore *la's sage advice and get a tattoo that doesn't turn
out right or you get tired of it after two weeks, you will really know
the meaning of "marked for life."
As always your comments, donations and suggestions are highly appreciated.
Timelines of History
May 1, 2003
A heavy workload and computer problems caused me to miss the Apr 15
(Easter edition) of this newsletter. I recently took a week vacation and
decided to update my PC to Windows XP to improve operating stability. The
process literally ate my whole vacation. I lost all my Windows 98 programs
an went through many hoops getting everything back to running order. I
also upgraded to AOL 8.0 and in the combined process lost all my e-mail
files. I would like to thank those who have submitted recent corrections
and comments regret that I can't mention them by name.
Updated files due to various corrections and additions include the
countries: Georgia, Germany to 1820, Great Britain, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan,
Lithuania, South Africa, Syria, Turkey, Uzbekistan.
The US states: Arkansas, Kansas.
The days: Jan 3, Feb 13, Apr 7, Apr 10, Jun 19, Jun 21, July
20, Aug 18, Nov 15.
The month of Mar 2003; and the years: 600-999, 1300-1399, 1400-1449,
1725-1749, 1800-1849, 1875-1876, 1919, 1945, 1959, 1984, 1991.
Subjects: Black History, Computers.
A note of interest for all who have ever wondered about where the term
"Cold Turkey" comes from:
1921 Oct 13, In the Treaty of Kars Turkey formally recognized
the Armenian Soviet Republic.
(EWH, 4th ed, p.1086)
1921 Oct 13, The Daily Colonist in Victoria BC mentioned the
term "cold turkey" in reference to quitting an addiction. This was the
first know use of the term in print.
(SFEC, 1/25/98, Z1 p.8)
On Coca Cola: A recent AP note gives France credit for the origins
of Coca Cola:
1885 In Dr. Jacob's pharmacy in Atlanta, "French coca wine,"
the future symbol of "the American way of life" as Coca Cola became known,
made its debut [see Mar 29, May 8, 1886].
1886 Mar 29, Coca-Cola went on sale for the first time at a drugstore
in Atlanta. Its inventor, Dr. John Pemberton, claimed it could cure anything
from hysteria to the common cold. John Stith (Doc) Pemberton, pharmacist,
concocted a bath of a dark, sugary syrup meant to be mixed with carbonated
water and sold at the city’s soda fountains. This was the beginning of
Coca Cola, which then contained enough cocaine to give the a drinker a
buzz and more caffeine than the drink contains today. Sales at the soda
fountain of Jacob‘s Pharmacy averaged 9 drinks a day in the first year.
The story is told by Frederick Allen in his book "Secret Formula." The
drink was named by Frank Robinson and he created its signature script logo.
[see May 8]
(WSJ, 11/23/94)(WSJ, 10/4/96, p.A1)(HN, 3/29/01)
1886 May 8, Atlanta pharmacist John Styth Pemberton invented
the flavor syrup for Coca-Cola, which contained cocaine. The name for the
soft drink came from his bookkeeper, Frank Robinson. Sales of Coca Coal
at the soda fountain of Jacob‘s Pharmacy averaged 9 drinks a day in the
first year. [see Mar 29]
(AP, 5/8/97)(HN, 5/8/98)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)(HNQ, 10/23/00)(MC,
Hair Today: Things to Do with Hair Besides Messing with it
Hello again, faithful readers! You know, people often come to me and
say "Starla, what GOOD is hair, other than something to wash and
brush and color?" Interesting question, and one I will endeavour to shed
some light on here. Unexpected uses for hair: Hair (especially blonde hair)
is often used in hygrometers, devices that measure atmospheric humidity.
The theory is that the hair is good at absorbing moisture in the air (just
look at your own hair when it's muggy and damp outside) and it goes limp
or frizzles up accordingly and is easy to interpret. Most everybody knows
about testing someone's honor by leaving your diary out where it can be
seen, closed but with a single hair laid across it. Remember where you
put the hair, and when you come back, note its position. If it's exactly
where it as before, then your secrets are (probably) safe. And if you get
some minor irritation in your eye, I have a friend who swears by making
a little brush out of a hank of hair (this obviously works better with
long hair) and using the end to gently wipe at the irritated orb. Be gentle,
please! And finally: do you want to wake up somebody quietly, without a
lot of nudging and cajoling? A hair or two brushed under the nose is very
effective. Funny too.
For the next issue we shall ask our star reporter, Starla, to delve
into the origins of the term: "Get out of my hair" and other similar hair
Best regards to all,
Timelines of History
June 1, 2003
Due to sheer overload this newsletter will now be continued on a monthly
rather than bi-weekly basis. Updated files over the last 30 days include
Years: 1 Mil BCE-0CE; 0CE-999CE; 1100-1199; 1200-1299; 1700-1724; 1750-1799;
1898-1899; 1974; and 1986.
Countries Category: Arabs, France (1650-1795), India, Japan, Mongolia,
Nepal, Saudi Arabia, Vietnam.
US States: New York
The apparent random nature of the above files is due for the most part
to major error corrections, which would be too numerous and time-consuming
to enumerate here.
FYI: A user has pointed out that: "Genghis Khan never succeeded in
controlling Vietnam. As a matter of fact, his son had to escape through
the sewer twice to avoid capture."
In an effort to correct errors in the timelines, I would like to solicit
volunteers to assist with the following chore. I would like to assign volunteers
to examine the information in the files of the "today in history" section,
beginning with Jan 1. Each day in history is of a size that can be examined
and verified for accuracy from the www or other sources without too much
difficulty. If you have some time and would like try your hand in verifying
data for any day of the year, let me know. There is no particular rush.
I would then take any corrections found and resolve them in any year, country,
state or subject files that they may also fall in.
During a recent barber experience I lost myself deeply in a volume
of the "The Secret History" by Procopius, the 6th century lawyer and historian
who wrote about the reign of Justinian and Theodora in Byzantium. The barber
went wild and sheered off most of my scalp. Thus the promised feature story
on the origins of the term "Get Out of My Hair" has been superseded by
the following: Here's Starla:
A recent sad story told to me by a certain history buff and timeline
website operator has prompted me to get up on my soapbox and write to my
dear readers on a topic of great importance: Getting Along with Your Hairdresser.
Because face it, if you and your stylist don't see eye to eye, you pay
the price. In a couple different ways: One, the money you pay for an unsatisfactory
job; two, emotional upset at not getting what you want and having to pay
anyway; and three, you are the one stuck with the clock-stopping hair disaster.
Who needs that? And how can you avoid it?
1. Find a stylist/salon you like and stick with it. This will allow
your stylist to get to know your likes and dislikes and your hair's unique
little idiosyncrasies better than a stylist you just pick at random because
you happen to be nearby and have never seen before. Familiarity does not
breed contempt, in this case; it breeds understanding.
2. Be very clear about what you want. As a hairdresser, I can tell
you we really hate to be told "Oh, just cut a little off, I don't care."
If you want just the overgrown ends trimmed of, all you have to do is say
3. If you have a new style in mind, bring a picture from a magazine
so we'll know exactly the look you're talking about. If at all possible,
try and bring a picture of a person wearing that style whose hair is as
similar as possible to your type and texture of hair. Not all styles work
for every hair type.
4. Keep an eye on the mirror while the cutting/styling is in progress
so you can ask that changes be made early on if it isn't turning out the
way you want. Better to change your mind before the whole head is finished.
5. If you're unsatisfied with the way it turned out, ask (nicely, please!)
if something can be done to repair or at least minimize the damage right
there. Often adjustments can be made, which while your hair won't look
as great as you'd hoped, it at least isn't something that will cause most
people to shriek and point at your head.
6. If nothing helps and/or your stylist just isn't "getting it" DO
NOT feel obligated to leave a tip. Yes, we love to get tips, but we don't
like taking your money when we know you're unhappy with our work. A tip
is by definition a little extra reward for good service. Obviously if you're
disgruntled, the service wasn't good, at least not to you, so you shouldn't
feel like you have to spend anything other what you already paid. It is
helpful but not necessary, if you (nicely!) explain why you are not leaving
a tip, so if you come back, we'll know better.
7. And if all else fails and you are now faced with the choice of either
wearing a paper bag on your head, or looking like a Chia Pet, remember:
it will grow out.
Best regards to all,
Timelines of History
July 1, 2003
I spent a recent week working in Portland. With a little free time and
extensive searching I found the point where the Willamette River runs into
the Columbia. I'd spent some hours looking for the hidden spot on more
than one occasion. Many of the locals did not know the place and once there
I found a nice sign posted on how Lewis and Clark missed it 2 times while
passing, because their canoe travelled along the northern shore of the
Columbia and an island hid the connection. Local Indians finally steered
Lewis & Clark straight. Funny for me to make the same error 200 years
later with a car and a map and directions from half a dozen locals including
a police officer. But persistence finally got me to the park area where
numerous rabbits jumped along the pretty wooded trail urging me forward.
Down by the actual confluence I stumbled across a couple coupling on the
Columbia beach. I though about asking them about the rabbits and Lewis
& Clark and the whole magic of the flowing rivers, but figured they
would not be pleased and moved quietly on with my furry companions. Sorry
I didn't have a camera... it would have been nice to have some shots of
the rabbits and the rivers meeting...
Greetings! I was researching about the Hodges meteorite that fell in
Sylacauga, November 30, 1954. I came across a reference, in your pages
of Alabama timelines - about an Alabama woman being hit by a meteorite
- a year after this event - in December 1955. I am very interested in this,
for an article I am writing about meteorites. Would it be possible for
me to obtain the original references which quote this incident? If you
could give me any useful information about this event, I would be extremely
I am happy to have encountered your timelines site through my search.
with warm regards,
Dr. N. Rathnasree, Director, Nehru Planetarium, New Delhi, India.
Your NYC timeline lists both 1889 Apr 30 and 1931 Apr 30 as the opening
dates of the George Washington Bridge. I believe the bridge opened
1931 Oct 25.
A cross-link with Discover Paris has been added to the bottom of the
front page. Their links section has
a number of historical items and various valuable travel links.
Excellent advice from a hairdresser. Hope you don't mind that
I pass it on to our Cosmetology Dept.
Also, thought you might like to know that your site is ranked 46,117
out of 875,000 most visited sites on
the Internet. Congratulations! That's pretty well in the
top 5% of all the sites on the WWW.
Irene Lee: A Research Guide for Students www.aresearchguide.com
This month's "Hair Today" feature on "Hair Styles and Gossip in Uruk
During the Time of Moses" has
been post-poned pending approval signatures from Ayatollah Ali Khamenei,
Ariel Sharon, Pope John
Paul II and Dick Cheney.
I have established e-mail contact with world traveller Elliott Hester,
syndicated travel columnist. He is
traveling around the world on a $60 per day budget and his articles
appear in the Sunday sections of
many newspapers. I suggested that he use the timelines to help orient
his travels and asked that he
sprinkle in more historical dates in his articles.
Updated files due to various errors: Jan 11, 20, Mar 10, Apr 1,13,30,Jun
21,23,Oct 10-11,24, Dec 15.
Countries: Britain, Ireland
States: Colorado, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York
Best regards to all,
Timelines of History
Aug 1, 2003
I have made a few changes to the front page look. I pushed the garish
rewards icons down to the bottom and created a new Timelines of History
logo. I also accepted a small advertisement from Google, which is tastefully
directed to subject matter that is appropriate to timelines users. Income
from "click-thrus" over the last 2 weeks has passed $5.00, which of course
annualizes to $120, just about enough to cover 3 months of my new broadband
connection with Comcast, which is a major asset for processing the website.
A month or 2 ago I asked for volunteers to help verify data. One person
did respond and we have begun working thru entries beginning with Jan 1.
This is a huge task and if anybody else would like to join the effort,
please let me know.
For those of you who engage in some investment activity, I have subscribed
to a site titled: www.investorshub.com
This site has numerous boards for discussing various investments and
other subjects. I have entered the "Timelines of History" as a subject
A few weeks ago I was contacted by people involved with a PBS documentary
who wished to use the Guatemala timeline as a reference on their web site
associated with the documentary "Discovering Dominga." I was honored to
oblige and the PBS presentation was very powerful. Check out the website.
From Irene Lee and her site "A Research Guide for Students":
I've add a few more links to Timelines of History under Dewey 332.4
Money, 796.357 Baseball, 781.65 Jazz music in A Research Guide for Students
When I find some time, I will add more links where suitable
and relevant to student research. Also, this is to let you know that
I have updated the description of your excellent site under Dewey
902 Historical chronology at http://www.aresearchguide.com/900-940.html#902
An now for this month's special: Here is Starla (*la) on:
"Western Women's Hair Through the Recent Ages and Why"
Men, be honest with me: what's the first thing you notice about a woman?
Their hair, right? Color of, length and texture of, style of? Right?
Men have always had a keen eye for women's hair, even if they pretend not
to notice. Knowing this, our ancestors had some strict hair rules for their
women to abide by, to "protect their virtue." In the medieval period in
Europe, the mere sight of any female hair was considered highly erotic,
and for that reason females of all ages wore caps indoors and out at all
times. Of course in those days of infrequent bathing, that wasn't necessarily
a bad thing. This rule gradually relaxed after the Puritan age, although
many churches still ask women to wear head coverings when they enter. However,
during the 19th century, hair left long and loose was considered wanton,
and on reaching puberty, young girls were supposed to begin pinning their
hair up on top of their heads. Since their hair was long to begin with,
these "up-dos" could become very elaborate, even heavy. One southern custom
held that a girl mustn't let a man touch her hair or see it down until
they were married. In those days, a stray lock of hair was a real temptation.
With the advent of women's suffrage and liberation, western women expressed
their newfound independence by doing away with the "up or down" issue.
Thus was born the "bob" of the 1920's flapper. This style proclaimed "I
am my own woman and my hair is mine to do with as I see fit. And now I
don't have to pin it up and nobody can tell me to, since I've cut it too
short to pin!" With that in mind, I decided to ask a few male friends of
mine what their preferences were in regards to women's hairstyles. And
though times have changed, the majority of my male survey-takers say they
like long hair best. One said he liked long hair especially when it was
pulled back in a ponytail because it was feminine and sporty at the same
time; a broadminded guy, bless his heart. One said he didn't really care
what length hair was so long as it was clean and didn't have so much spray
in it that he could see his reflection. Another said he's always liked
long curly hair but not long straight hair, which he says often looks oily.
The only man whose opinion was radically different was Karl (18), who said
"I really go for chicks with short spiky hair." Karl, I should add, has
short spiky hair so that may account for his pointed taste. My own boyfriend,
incidentally, says he likes long straight dark hair. Which I have. Lucky
me. And by the way, NONE of my male friends has any great fondness for
women wearing caps.
Updated files due to various errors:
Days: Jan 1, 2,7; Feb 11; Mar 14; Apr 7; May 1,15;Jun 27;Jul
1,2,3,4,12,13;Aug 3, Sep 25; Nov 27;Dec 8,18,30.
Years: 0-299; 300-599; 600-999; 1200-1299; 1525-1549; 1661-1699; 1750-1770;
1811-1820; 1871-1874; 1875-1876; 1879-1882; 1922-23; 1930; 1931; 1936-37;
1972; 1986; 1960, 1969; 1988; 1993 Jul-Nov; 1997 Jan; 1998 Jun & Nov;
Countries: Argentina, Bavaria, England, Ethiopia, France 1650-1795
& 1921-1967, Germany 1821-1916, Holy Roman Empire, Ireland, Mexico,
Somalia, Spain, Switzerland, Vatican
States: Hawaii, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania; Texas, Washington, Vermont
Subjects: Artists, Computers
Best regards to all,
Timelines of History
Sept 1, 2003
I looked back in my records to see if I could find an exact date for
the beginning of this project, so as to be able to plan a birthday party
for myself. My 1st timeline was in paper form back in 1973, but I can call
that only the beginning of a gestation period. I found a number of entries
taken from the WSJ that date back to Jan, 1994, with extensive use of the
Journal beginning in 1995.
My collection of expense receipts goes back to Apr 1, 1996, with a
receipt for the SF Chronicle. In that little stack I found the following
horoscope cut-out for Aquarius:
"Go with what you feel is right. People may not understand what you're
doing at first, but if you're committed to it, they'll back you up."
In 1997 I began collating the AP's "today in history" into a running
timeline form. That took a year and was followed by collating "today in
history" from the HistoryNet and other sources. I believe that I finally
posted the "Timelines of History" to a website hosted by theGlobe.com in
the Fall of 1998. That would also coincide with getting my domain 1st name
algis.com. So we can say that this Fall the project is at least 5 years
old. Presents are most welcome.
The following appeared in the travel section of the San Francisco Chronicle
"I always enjoy the Travel Section for its quality, variety, detail
and reader's feedback. I also often gather historical data for inclusion
into my Web site (timelines.ws), which features a universal world timeline
and timelines for all of the United States and most countries. Travel anywhere
is always enhanced with some knowledge of the area's past. I suspect your
readers would appreciate knowing about this resource."
I submit this because you might like to consider using it as a template
for your local newspaper, and thereby help spread public awareness of the
T of H site.
I was recently informed of the web site titled Wikipedia @ www.wikipedia.org.
It is an extensive collaborative effort in building a free web-based encyclopedia.
Among its many subjects are a variety of timelines on many subjects. I
have posted a link to the site and will post more as I find over-lapping
A correction from Dick Morris in Anchorage, Alaska:
1837 Dec 29, A steam-powered threshing machine was patented in
It is incorrect that this was a steam-powered threshing machine. The
inventors were my great, great, great, grandfather, Hiram A. Pitts and
his twin brother, John A. Pitts, and I have done quite a bit of research
on them and their inventions. I've looked at the patent application and
it was not steam powered. A typical source of power for the threshing machine
would have been another item that they patented, a "horse power," which
is a treadmill powered by a single horse.
Correction accepted and item changed as follows:
1837 Dec 29, A threshing machine powered by a single
horse treadmill was patented in Winthrop, Maine by twins Hiram A. and John
Updated files due to numerous other corrections and new data include:
Countries: Argentina, Australia, Britain (1711-1799), Bulgaria. China
(1925-1994), France (1870-1920)(1968-2000), Germany (1945-1990), Iraq,
Ireland, Japan, Libya, Liechtenstein (new), Littles (various small entities),
Mexico (1998-2003), New Zealand, Norway, Philippines, Russia (1945-1987),
Sao Tome (new), Scotland, Slovakia, South Africa, Turkey, Uganda, Vatican,
States: California (1860-1922), Illinois, Maine, Mass, Michigan, New
Cities: SF (1893-1929), SF Bay Area to 1919, Chicago, NYC (1900-1949).
Subjects: Airlinestuff (new), Air Crashes, Earthquakes, Environment,
Food, Nobel, Suicides (new), Technology, US Presidents, Women, Writers.
Years: 1476-1499, 1525-1549, 1750-1770, 1867-1870, 1750-1770, 1831-1840,
1841-1849, 1850-1854, 1864-1866, 1895-1897, 1898-1899, 1902-1904, 1905-1907,
1912-1913, 1938, 1939, 1960, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1977, 1989, 1992,
1993, 1994; 1995; 1997 (Mar-Apr), 1998 (Apr), 1999 (May)(Aug); 2001(May-Jun),
A now for *la and "Hair Today:" A short historic overview of the all-American
A little thing called my "conscience" has been nagging at me ever since
I wrote that piece on Women's Hair Through the Ages." It waits till I am
peacefully reading a book, or about to drift off to sleep, then it starts
up with "Pssst, Starrr-laaah! Aren't you being a tad SEXIST here, writing
a column on women's hairstyles in history and not saying Word One about
the hair of men? Aren't you ASHAMED?!" Well no, actually I'm not ashamed
a bit, but I did get to thinking and I decided it would be enlightening
to take a quick look at the topic of men's hair over the last few centuries.
So here goes:
In the time of the American Revolution, American men had long hair.
This was considered normal, unlike in the 1950's where a long-haired boy
was viewed with deepest suspicion and contempt. George Washington went
a step further by tying back his long hair with a ribbon! Imagine that!
Even more amazing, the noted pirate Captain Blackbeard (aka Edward Teach)
braided his famous beard with colored ribbons. He was obviously a Willie
Nelson fan. On formal occasions, distinguished gentlemen covered their
own hair with wigs, which were elaborately curled and powdered to look
white, the idea being that a white wig made the wearer look older and wiser
in the ways of the world. It took several years for US presidents to feel
comfortable displaying their natural hair in public. Men's hair in general
tended to be long by today's standards right through the late nineteenth
century, when frontiersmen like Buffalo Bill and Wild Bill Hickok were
noted for their thick flowing manes and beards. This was mostly a function
of rough frontier life, when there was simply too much to contend with
to waste time cutting hair or shaving.
No one knows why men's hairstyles began to get shorter in this century,
but they did. Possibly it had something to do with the GI haircuts our
boys had to wear during the two World Wars. If this is true, could it be
that perhaps people who sneered at long hair were associating the style
with men who got out of fighting for their country? Whatever the reasoning
was, by the 1950's the stereotypical "all-American" boy had very short
hair. The stereotypical "bad boy" had Elvis hair, longer than his "good"
brother, and slicked and greased in front to make the famous Elvis pompadour.
And then came the sixties, when young men all over the country chose to
rebel against convention in any way they could, and that included their
hairstyle. Not for these rebels the short military-style haircuts their
fathers favored. No, if these fellows were against the military-industrial
complex, they were certainly against GI type hair. And so they let it grow
long, sometimes making ponytails, sometimes not, anything to show they
were free thinkers.
And so we have "hair today." Long hair bereft of its shock value now
hangs merely as a personal mark of style rather than a political statement.
Thankfully today, anything goes with regards to male hair, be it a ponytail,
dreadlocks, a crew cut, even a shaved head, anything so long as it's not
the bowl haircut you see on Christopher Robin in the Winnie the Pooh books,
but who wears that anyway? In fact, so many guys now have long hair that
you might almost say we've come full circle. George Washington would feel
right at home. Almost.
Best regards to all,
Timelines of History
Oct 1, 2003
I often get a comments regarding content in the timelines, but rarely
does an expression come across as eloquent and passionate as the following.
My initial response was to do some extra research and make some appropriate
additions and changes to the subject matter in question. The changes were
found to be somewhat acceptable, but more comments followed, which led
me to propose more changes. The 2nd set of additions were not well received
and we are now in a rather passionate discussion over the matter. By way
of introduction I present below the initial e-mail. I would very much appreciate
your comments on the matter.
What a wonderful and comprehensive job you have done with your site.
I can see you have a true passion for history.
In light of what you stated, "My intention was to create a reliable
and easy to use timeline that began right from the Big Bang"... I noted
the word "reliable." Undoubtedly, you value the truth. Equally as well,
you are also no doubt aware history is a matter of perspective. If we are
only exposed to one side of a story (or if our prejudices don't allow ourselves
to be open to another side), then truth can suffer. In the interest of
truth, I wanted to point out to you that you have reported the Armenian
"Genocide" from strictly the Armenian perspective.
Professor John Dewey (of Dewey Decimal System fame) wrote in 1928 ("The
Turkish Tragedy"): "It is at least time that Americans ceased to be deceived
by propaganda." That time has still not arrived, and unfortunately, you
appear to be among the ranks of the deceived.
This frequently politicized topic often ignores the real historical
facts, and relies on war time propaganda that was concocted for a variety
of reasons... including inducing the United States into the war, taking
the heat off atrocities against Jews by the Allies'
Russian ally (by creating a new monster... the Turks), and to justify
the land grab scheme by the victorious powers which conducted secret treaties
even before the war, on how to dismember the Sick Man of Europe.
Were you aware there was a Nuremberg type trial (in the form of the
Malta Tribunal) and all the arrested Ottoman officials were found innocent?
None of the war time propaganda documents, such as Lord Bryce's Blue Book
or Henry Morgenthau's "Ambassador Morgenthau's Story"... nor the missionary
Lepsius' accounts, or even the photos of the Armenian-German Armin Theophil
Wegner, were found to be admissible as real evidence. Curiously, the British
debunked their Blue Book on the Germans (which contained such nonsense
as the "Hun" bayoneting Belgian babies, and making the enemy into soap)
after the war and even apologized to the Germans in 1936... and yet these
works are still taken at face value by those who are still ignorant or
have an agenda that has little to do with the truth.
There were and are various factors involved in perpetuating the myth
of the Armenian "Genocide." (Genocide is a word that has come to be used
haphazardly; I'm referring to its meaning under the 1948 U.N. Convention,
where we are basically talking about a state-sponsored policy for extermination
of a people… where not only "intent" must be proven, but there is an article
regarding political alliances. The Armenians pass themselves off as innocent
victims... and certainly there were plenty of innocent victims among them...
but they mostly followed their revolutionary leaders in violently allying
themselves with the Allies, particularly the Russians.)
Sir Charles Eliot, in his book Turkey in Europe (London, E. Arnold,
1900) tells us that until the years succeeding the Turkish-Russian War
of 1877-78, "the Turks and Armenians got on excellently together... The
Russians restricted the Armenian Church, schools and language; the Turks
on the contrary were perfectly tolerant and liberal as to all such matters...
The Armenians were thorough Orientals and appreciated Turkish ideas and
habits... (They) were quite content to live among the Turks.... The balance
of wealth certainly remained with the Christians."
It was only as the "Sick Man of Europe" began its disintegration process,
and the lands ruled began to break away, did the Armenians... usually at
the hands of the Russians, and the British/French as well... decide to
get in on the nationalistic action. The tactic of the Armenians had been
to provoke the Ottomans through massacres and violence of their own, knowing
that the sympathetic Christian powers would come to their rescue.
When the Ottoman Empire was at her weakest is when the Ottoman-Armenians
treacherously turned. Even many loyal Ottoman-Armenians who did not want
to listen to their revolutionary leaders complied, knowing the price to
be paid in the hands of the terroristic Dashnaks and Hunchaks.
"The long-anticipated day of deliverance for the Turkish Armenians
is at hand and the Armenians are prepared for any sacrifice made necessary
by the performance of their manifest duty."
An Armenian newspaper from the Ottoman Empire, as quoted in The New
York Times article, ARMENIANS FIGHTING TURKS ("Besieging Van—Others operating
in Turkish Army's Rear,") November 7, 1914. (Russia declared war on the
Ottoman Turks only five days previously.)
You can see from the date above (pre-1915) the Armenians were indisputably
traitorous; this is a high crime in any nation, especially one at war.
And this lies at the very root of the resettlement program that followed.
You have written in http://timelines.ws/20thcent/1914_1915.HTML:
1915 Apr 24, The Ottoman Turkish Empire began the brutal mass
deportation of Armenians during World War I. A massacre of Armenians by
Turks took place. Turkish police arrested hundreds of the most prominent
Armenians in Constantinople, took them into the hinterlands and shot them.
With that the terror spread through Turkish Armenia spearheaded by the
"Special Organization" of soldiers of the Turkish leader Enver. Of the
1.75 million Armenians in Turkey at the outset of World War I, 250,000
fled into Russia and 1 million were systematically killed. Henry Morgenthau,
US ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, alerted Pres. Wilson of massacre of
Armenians by the Turks. Evidence and photographs of the camps were provided
to Morgenthau by Armin Wegner, German Red Cross official and Johannes Lepsius,
a German missionary. British diplomat Lord Bryce hired Arnold Toynbee to
document the slaughter. Franz Werfel later wrote "The Forty Days of Musa
(AP, 4/24/97)(HN, 4/24/98)(SFC, 4/27/99, p.A10)(HNQ, 5/30/99)
Some questions that need to be asked:
If the Turks and Armenians got along so beautifully for centuries,
and with the "merchant class" Armenians controlling much of the economics
of the country (necessary not to disrupt at the dark hour of war), there
was no need for the Armenians to be deported (the correct word is relocated,
or resettled; deportation means banishment outside a nation's borders)
unless they treacherously turned against their country. If these people
betrayed their country, they had to be led by leaders. This is why the
Armenian leaders got arrested, and the story of their being taken "into
the hinterlands and shot"... where is the proof of that..? (Which
Armenian or Armenian-friendly source did you get that from?) No doubt
some were executed, as any traitor would be in any country, especially a
country facing a life or death struggle with war on multiple fronts.
Armenians were massacred, mainly by Kurds who often acted out of retribution for Armenian
slaughters of their families. Most of the violence perpetrated against
the Armenians occurred in areas where Ottoman control was weakest. If you
read the actual ciphered Ottoman telegrams (Some are quite fascinating,
like the ones declaring exceptions to the resettlement policy, such as
Catholic & Protestant Armenians, soldiers & their families, some
workers, etc. ... added to the fact that Armenians in the west [in
cities like Istanbul, Izmir and Edirne] were not subjected to the
resettlement... what a strange genocide policy; did Hitler exempt any Jews?),
there was great sensitivity shown toward the Armenians (beware of forged
"Talat Pasha" telegrams by Aram Andonian) ... but the relocation program
didn't go smoothly, since resources in the bankrupt country were scarce,
and every man was needed at the front. Especially against the Ottomans'
mortal enemy, the Russians, which maintained a policy of real genocide,
ethnically cleansing Muslim lands they had been taking over in the previous
century or two. (You're Lithuanian, and I shouldn't have to explain how
heavy-handed the Russians could be.)
What is "Turkish Armenia," by the way? (Do we call California and Texas
"American Mexico"?) Armenians did not form a majority in any of the Six
Vilayets in the Empire's East. The only times Armenians formed a majority
is when they "systematically"... and that word can be appropriately used
regarding how the Armenians conducted themselves... killed the Muslims
from lands they wished to occupy. What is now present-day Armenia has zero
Muslims. Not all that long ago, the Muslims formed the majority.
Regarding "the 'Special Organization' of soldiers of the Turkish leader
Enver. Of the 1.75 million Armenians in Turkey at the outset of World War
I, 250,000 fled into Russia and 1 million were systematically killed.":
The "Special Organization" is nonsense created by Armenians, anxious
to draw up the Nazi parallel. If you'll look into the matter, you will
not find any documented proof.
From Armenian leader Boghos Nubar (whose 1919 letter to the Times of
London clearly spells out Armenian belligerence) to the Armenian Patriarch
in 1921, to a 1998 Armenian proclamation that appeared in the New York
Times, the Armenians claim one million Armenians survived. Over half a
dozen neutral sources calculate the Armenian population of from 1.0 to
1.5 million. Do the subtraction, and you'll find the real number of Armenians
who died... and it does not add up to much more than one-half of one million.
The result of Armenian dead is from ALL causes... not just massacres,
but also famine, disease and combat; Armenian historian Richard Hovannisian
himself estimated (in "Armenia on the Road to Independence," 1967, p. 67)
that some 150,000 Armenians died of famine while and after accompanying
the Russian retreat. There were many more Armenians who died from famine,
since "all over Turkey thousands of the populace were daily dying of starvation,"
according to Ambassador Morgenthau's ghostwritten "Story," when Ottoman
men were mobilized into the military en masse, and there were few left
to till the fields.
Regarding Ambassador Morgenthau: the ex-lawyer was a racist, claiming
the Turks had inferior blood. He relied on his Armenian assistants, who
were his eyes and ears. Some of his letters and diaries differed significantly
from the book ("Ambassador Morgenthau's Story"), which was ghostwritten
and puts quotation marks around conjured up words. Morgenthau, Lepsius
and Bryce shared information amongst themselves. Dr. Heath Lowry's
excellently researched "The Story Behind Ambassador Morgenthau's Story"
tells more. If you want to listen to an American ambassador, Admiral Mark
Bristol took the reins in 1919, and he was a man of integrity. (Because
of his even-handedness, Armenians criticize him for being "pro-Turk"...
what he was was "pro-Truth." He investigated the massacres, unlike Morgenthau,
who never left the confines of Istanbul.)
The photographs of Armin Wegner... have you seen them?... show mainly
suffering people, and a few corpses, apparently famine victims. These conditions
were prevalent throughout the entire dying nation. The pictures do not
prove a systematic extermination policy by the government. ("Camps?" Are
you implying a parallel to Auschwitz and Dachau? I have not come across
any such "barbed wire" pictures.)
As for Lepsius and his missionary ilk, along with British propagandists
who ran Wellington House, headed by Bryce and Toynbee (Toynbee admitted
ALL of the evidence in their now-discredited Blue Book came from the missionaries),
let's turn to Professor Justin McCarthy's excellent Presentation on British
Propagandists could play upon the great respect Americans held for
the missionaries who had gone to the Ottoman Empire, and who often appeared
in the newspapers as national heroes for a Christian Nation... The Relief
Organization engaged in an eight-year policy of vilifying Turks, from 1915
to 1923. It is interesting that in 1923, once the Turks had won and the
Mission obviously would not survive unless they got along with the Turks,
suddenly all changed. Suddenly Turks were being praised by missionaries.
But until then, the Turks were evil... Their main purpose was to collect
money... They used a not-so-good means to get the money, which was to vilify
the Turks in every way, because there is nothing that draws in funds like
portraying a horrible enemy that is oppressing these people and will succeed
unless you help, unless you contribute. Which is what they did.... Studying
what they preached unfortunately takes a long time. You must read much
truly disgusting literature. What they wrote was not what one would expect
of clergymen. Yet one reason they were so successful is exactly that people
expected that clergymen would not lie.
Franz Werfel's "The Forty Days of Musa Dagh" is not "evidence."
Perhaps you are not aware that this is a work of fiction? Rabbi Albert
Amateau testified that his friend Werfel was taken in by Armenian falsifications.
("Werfel confessed to me his shame and remorse for having written that
story, in which he had blamed the Ottomans as the aggressors and terrorists."
You can also read more in Professor Erich Feigl's "The Myth of Terror.")
What is often tragically overlooked in this debate... because Turkish/Muslim
lives are not considered that valuable in our part of the world... are
the defenseless Turkish villagers systematically eliminated by the Armenians.
A British colonel, for example, reported that the Armenians "massacred
between 300,000 and 400,000 Kurdish Muslims in the Van and Bitlis districts."
(12.9.1919, U.S. Archives 184.021/265) The anti-Turkish 1968 book "The
Kurds" reports the Armenians killed 600,000 Kurds. Documented Ottoman archives
have settled on a figure of around 520,000 Turks/Muslims murdered, directly
at the hands of the Armenians. (2.5 to 3 million Turks died from all WWI
causes. You mistakenly have written, in the section beginning with "1914-1919
During WW I nine million people died" a few lines above the Armenian "Genocide"
entry, that only .5 million Turks died.)
One of the murdering Armenian leaders, General Dro (Drastamat Kanayan),
who evidently targeted Turkish children in his slaughters, utilized his
skills for mass murder during the Nazi regime... when the Armenians fought
with the Wehrmacht, and Dro was called the "Jew Hunter" by the Nazis.
It appears more Armenians massacred Turks than the other way around;
furthermore, there is much clearer evidence that the Armenians acted systematically,
making their crimes more genocidal in impact. The Jewish Times said in
its June 21, 1990 opinion:
"An appropriate analogy with the Jewish Holocaust might be the
systematic extermination of the entire Muslim population of the independent
republic of Armenia which consisted of at least 30-40 percent of the population
of that republic. The memoirs of an Armenian army officer who participated
in and eye-witnessed these atrocities was published in the U.S. in 1926
with the title 'Men Are Like That.' Other references abound."
There are always two sides to a story, as you know... and I realize
it's strange to consider this other side, as we prefer to think of Turks
as oppressors, and not as victims. If truth is your goal, however,
you cannot ignore this other side so completely.
Thanks to Peter Braun for the following correction:
1824 Dec 22, Chiefess Kapiolani, a Christian, defied
Pele, the Hawaiian volcano goddess, and
lived. Tennyson's eponymous poem celebrated the event.
Special thanks also to Anthony D'Abreu of Little London, UK, for his
ongoing numerous technical corrections.
Our feature "Hair Today" will be not be presented this month because
our star hair care specialist, StarLa, is buried under a load of perms
and having a very "bad hair" month. She promised to rejoin us next month.
Updated files include:
Years: 1Mil-0CE, 1476-1499, 1790-1799, 1811-1820, 1831-1840 1902-1904,
1905-1907, 1910-1911, 1914-1915, 1920-1921, 1949, 1963, 1966, 1967, 1968,
1971, 1973, 1974, 1983, 1985, 1994 Jan-May, 1997 Sep-Oct, 1998 Apr, Sep,
Countries: Albania, Algeria, Arabs, Armenia, Chile, Cypress, East Timor,
Egypt, France (1796-1869) (1968-2003), Germany (1917-1938), Great Britain
(1942-1971), Greece, Guinea-Bissau, India, Iraq, Israel to 1961, Kyrgyzstan,
N. Ireland, Liechtenstein, Nigeria, Persia, Philippines, Russia (1911-1944),
Scotland, Serbia, Sri Lanka, Turkey to 1960.
States: District of Columbia (new), Hawaii, Pennsylvania
Cities: Chicago, NYC
Subjects: Artists, Nobel winners, Poets, US Presidents (B)
Best regards to all,
Timelines of History
Nov 1, 2003
I have placed an expanded query form from Atomz.com into the local search
engine box, which allows for some very specific searches. I believe it
is quite an improvement over the previous form.
In an effort to scale up the project, I am considering putting a major
portion of the timelines on a subscription basis. Donations and CD sales
have not generated any significant income and in order to carry through
my retirement plan and devote full time to the project, a certain amount
of revenue will need to be made. Your comments on this would be much appreciated.
I would like to thank Anthony D'Abreu of Little London, UK, for his
ongoing discovery of errors for correction. Mr. D'Abreu, who works as a
writer and media analyst, has also agreed to do some research assistance
for me on the question of transforming the site to subscription-based usage.
Re: Internet yellow pages. I posted an e-mail in Jan 2003 to Harley
Hahn to get the timelines listed in his Internet Yellow Pages. A reply
arrived 2 weeks ago:
As you may know, there is an item in the Yellow Pages called "Historical
Timelines" and you can find it in the "History: World" section. I
have three timeline sites. I looked at your Web site and I like it a lot
-- you did a great job -- so I added in it to the item, which I have renamed
"Timelines". The book is now online, so people who subscribe to the Web
site (see below) will now see your site.
If you like my writing, there is something now you may be interested
in. I have just finished a long project to put some of my books and
other interesting material online. Take a look at this:
The new project, called The Harley Hahn experience, is a subscription
Web site that I have been working on for over a year. It costs only
$20/year for a great deal of interesting material.
You will find the entire Yellow Pages (the newest edition), as well
as two other full books and a lot of other material. All the links
are live, which makes it very easy to explore anything you want.
Moreover, when the new edition (for 2004) comes out, it will be online.
(There will not be a paper edition this year.) If you subscribe,
you will automatically see the 2004 edition appear when it is read. If
you look at it, please let me know what you think. In particular,
I think you will enjoy reading the book called "Harley Hahn's Internet
Insecurity". Also, you may want to sign up for my free newsletter:
Once again, I am sorry I took so long to reply to your message, but
I'm glad you wrote: your Web site is excellent. -- Harley Hahn
Link established with Laos Resources: http://www.iaqi.com/laos-directory/
FYI: The Apple OS 9.2 running Internet Explorer has problems with PayPal.
Updated files include:
Cities: Chicago, NYC
Countries: American Indians, Armenia, Australia, Brazil, Burundi, Byzantium,
Chile, Great Britain (1551-1710)(1942-1971)(1972-1997), Colombia, France
(1870-1920), Hungary, India, Iraq, North Ireland, Israel, Ivory Coast,
Libya, Netherlands, Palestine, Russia (1911-44), Sardinia (new), Serbia,
South Africa, Sudan, Turkey (to 1960)
Periods: 1400-1449, 1450-75, 1600-25, 1875-76, 1891-1894, 1902-04,
1908-1909, 1910-1911, 1912-1913, 1914-15, 1916-17, 1924-25, 1931-32, 1936,
1937, 1969, 1973, 1982, 1998, 2000 (Mar-Apr), 2002 (Aug, Sep), 2003 (Mar,
May, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct)
Subjects: Food, Technology, Television, Theater
US States: Maryland, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Washington
And now!!! On loan from a hair salon somewhere in Delmarva, here is
"Hygiene through the Ages"
Or rather, the LACK of hygiene in history.
We today are a "clean" society. We spend untold millions each year on
soaps, deodorants, skin scrubs, bath beads, you name it. We spend even
more untold millions per year on detergents, cleansers and disinfectants.
We really do seem to embrace the old saying that "cleanliness is next to
godliness." However, it wasn't always so. In Roman times, bathing was not
just a hygienic ritual. It was almost a cultural institution. Those Romans
bathed several times a day if they could, and the bathhouses were centers
of socializing. Who knows how many political decisions were made by a bunch
of Roman guys soaking in scented steam? This fondness for the bath is also
why ancient Rome boasted the state-of-the-art (for its time) plumbing system.
This healthy living suffered a severe setback with the spread of Christianity
through the Empire. Early Christians wished to distance themselves as much
as possible from "heathen ways." And especially, they wished to distance
themselves from HEDONISTIC heathen ways. And what cold be more hedonistic
than luxuriating in your bathtub for hours on end? So the Roman fondness
for bathing was thrown out with the bathwater, and thus began the Age of
Grunge, aka the Middle Ages. During this time, not only was bathing considered
immoral and unhealthy, but NOT bathing was a status symbol. The "best people"
were proud of the fact that they could expect to be bathed only twice in
their lives: once at birth, and then again upon death, after it didn't
matter anymore how they smelled. Queen Isabella of Spain, the very Isabella
who financed Columbus's trip to the New World, boasted openly that she
had NEVER bathed in her life. During this time period, those who could
afford it used lots of perfumes in an effort to hide their unpleasant odors,
from themselves as well as from others. Fashionable ladies carried nosegays
(small bouquets of scented flowers) with them wherever they went, to be
sniffed when others' odors got to be too much.
It's no surprise that during this time, especially in the larger cities
of Europe, disease and vermin were the norm rather than the exception.
Gradually however, as civilization progressed, the rules against "hedonistic"
activities were relaxed, and also, people began to make the connection
between filth and disease. They began to make more of an effort to keep
themselves and their clothes and homes cleaner. Still, these efforts were
hampered by the lack of good plumbing. In places where water had to be
hauled from a well, which might be some distance from the home, and must
be heated over the stove, which must be kept hot with wood that had to
be cut... well, nobody was taking a daily bath yet.
Thus was born the institution, familiar to most "Little House on the
Prairie" readers as the Saturday Night Bath. Why Saturday? Easy. Saturday
was the ideal night for the weekly bath because most people wanted to be
fresh and clean for church on Sunday, and then too, no work was going to
be done on the Sabbath, so it worked out rather well. This custom of weekly
bathing persisted well into the 20th century in many rural areas, but with
improved understanding of sanitation and how diseases are spread (Thank
you Dr. Pasteur et al) and widespread installation of indoor plumbing,
it became not just possible but desirable to bathe or shower every day.
And now, wishing to distance ourselves from our slovenly and malodorous
ancestors, we Americans, in particular seem to go overboard at times in
our obsession with scented, extra-strong or disinfecting products. Indeed,
some experts maintain that our demand for disinfectant this and antibacterial
that has contributed to the development of resistant strains of bacteria
that cause serious disease and have not known cure as of yet. I would be
happy to expound on this a little more, but my bubble bath's about to run
over and is calling me. So, till next time...
Best regards to all,
Timelines of History
Dec 1, 2003
I would first off like to thank Anthony D'Abreu, English media analyst,
for his recent 14-page analysis of the timelines.ws website. Mr. D'Abreu
took time off from his current book project on patterns in recent history
to not only provide a professional analysis of the website in its current
form, but to also provide specific suggestions and directions for moving
the project forward:
"There are less than 100 General Timelines sites claiming to cover
at least two thousand years of historical events and of these only around
15 cover the last fifty years’ events by the year and even fewer by the
month. Only one timelines site, the subject of this review – Timelines.ws
– covers events across two millennia by the year, the month and the day,
though inevitably the density of this detail drops away before the year
1700. Several newspaper or news agency sites do provide this daily level
of detail but only for the last six or seven years and the archive source
is generally restricted to the paper or agency operating the site."
Mr. D'Abreu's analysis focused on my request for future development
options including the possibility of putting it on a subscription basis.
His numerous suggestions covered such subjects as current plagiarism, target
audience, increasing awareness, use of advanced search engine capabilities
such as subject clustering, possible alliance with a major news organization,
global news sourcing, possible fee ranges, metrics on site usage and WWW
visibility, page re-design etc. etc. etc. My head is still swimming in
the range of subjects that need attention.
At the end of my response and sincere thanks I wrote the following:
There are an enormous number of details and possibilities to
explore here and I am most grateful for your efforts in helping me to clarify
my ideas and to develop a strategy to guide future efforts. Until I am
able to devote full time to these efforts, I will be stuck in a perpetual
catch-up game of content update with no guarantee of either tangible or
intangible success. Since at this point it could all vaporize over-night,
I am not too obsessed with fighting off copycats or plagiarists. What is
most helpful now are the very specific spoon-size suggestions that I can
implement as I prepare to handle the larger picture.
That final point I would like underscore to all timeline users. Your
comments and suggestions are highly valued. In the near future I will have
to make some very critical decisions that include quitting my day job in
order to pursue this project full time. How much would you pay, if anything,
for a subscription to use the timelines?
Following up on one of Anthony D'Abreu's many suggestions I posted
a copyright statement on the web site on 11/15/03. The items in the timelines
are all public domain information, but their organization and unique presentation
on the timelines website is subject to copyright protection.
Missed it again!
2003 Nov 14, The White House honored winners of the National
Medal for the Humanities.
(SFC, 11/14/03, p.I10)
Expectations for 2003 from my futures file. Note the reference dates
for each item.
2003 Dec, The expected completion date of the $17.4 billion int’l. space
station. The cost was estimated up in 1998 to $24.7 billion, and possibly
delayed by 3 years.
(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A10)
2003 Tuition at public colleges will cost $66,443 and $138,829 at private
(WSJ, 12/9/94, p.R-23)
2003 The US Senate in 1997 set Medicare eligibility to begin climbing
from 65 and to reach 67 in the year 2027.
(SFC, 6/25/97, p.A3)
2003 California Air Resources Board mandated that electric vehicles
account for 10% of the cars sold in the state.
(WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A12)
2003 The new National Air & Space Museum annex at Dulles Int'l.
Airport was scheduled for completion. Steven F. Udvar-Hazy (53), a Hungarian-American
and president of the largest aircraft leasing company, donated $60 million
to the project in 1999.
(SFC, 9/30/99, p.A12)
2003 A space mission to Pluto was planned with arrival in 2013.
(WSJ, 12/7/95, p.A-1)
2003 A new space-based telescope was scheduled for launch.
(SFC, 8/17/98, p.A2)
2003 A Wired consensus predicts that Free Internet Access will be available
in Public Libraries by this time.
(Wired, Dec., '95, p.68)
2003 The new $1 billion National Ignition Facility in Livermore, Calif.,
should become operational. It will be able to simulate the flow of radiation
in a nuclear fireball.
(SFC, 6/15/96, p.A10)
2003 Project Oxygen, an int'l. fiber-optic link led by Neil Tagare
and begun in 1997, was scheduled for completion.
(SFC, 3/15/99, p.B7)
2003 Indonesia expects to build a 130-seat jet by this time.
(WSJ, 8/11/95, p.A-6)
2003 Portugal Telecom will open its telephone service market to competition.
(WSJ, 7/25/96, p.B8)
2003 A US orbiter will survey Mars and a lander will explore
(SFEC, 5/25/97, p.12)
Update files due to corrections:
Countries: Afghanistan, Antarctica, Arabs, Arctic, Britain 1711-1799,
Croatia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, France (1921-1967), Gabon, Grenada,
Guatemala, Iraq, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq (B), Italy thru 1929, India 1991-2003,
Littles (A), Malaysia, Micronesia (new), Peru, Saudi Arabia, Singapore,
Sri Lanka, Swaziland (new).
States: California (1962-1983), Idaho, Louisiana, So. Carolina, Washington
Cities: NYC (1900-1949)
Subjects: Airline stuff, Black History, Calendar (new), Cartoons (new)
Fashion, Food, Games, Murders (new), Microbiology (new), Poets, Technology,
Years: 600-699, 1771-1779, 1780-1789, 1790-1799, 1831-1840, 1841-1849,
1864-1866, 1867-1870, 1875-1878, 1895-1897, 1902-1904, 1905-1907, 1910-1911,
1920-1921, 1928, 1938, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1963, 1974, 1980, 1981,
1986, 1988, 1989, 1995, 1999 (Aug) 2001 (Dec), 2003 (Apr, Oct).
My young star reporter, and full-time hair-dresser StarLa (aka *la),
is out on assignment this month. I have asked her to research the historical
importance of hair in all the religions of the world going back to 10k
BC. Hopefully this will help keep her mind properly focused and provide
us with some interesting insights next time round.
Best regards to all,