Timeline of Writers (B)  1920-2015

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Writers before 1920

1920        Apr 1, Toshiro Mifune, writer, actor (Shogun), was born in Tsing-tao, China.
    (MC, 4/1/02)

1920        Apr 3, F. Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda Sayre were married at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City.
    (HN, 4/3/02)

1920        Apr 5, Arthur Hailey (d.2004), author, was born in Luton, England. His later novels included “Hotel" and "Airport."
    (HN, 4/5/01)(SFC, 11/26/04, p.B3)

1920        May 8, Sloan Wilson, American author, was born in Norwalk, Conn. He wrote "The man in the Gray Flannel Suit" and "A Summer Place."
    (HN, 5/8/99)(MC, 5/8/02)

1920        May 10, Richard Adams, English novelist (Watership Down), was born.
    (HN, 5/10/02)

1920        Aug 3, P.D. James (Phyllis Dorothy James), British mystery writer, was born.
    (HN, 8/3/00)

1920        Aug 22, Ray Bradbury, science fiction writer whose works include "The Martian Chronicles" and "Fahrenheit 451," was born.
    (WSJ, 11/22/95, p.A-3)(HN, 8/22/98)

1920        Isaac Babel (d.1940) wrote a wartime diary as he rode horseback with Budyonny’s First Cavalry Army as the Cossacks participated in the Bolshevik invasion of Poland. An essay on the diary was written by Cynthia Ozick in her 1996 book: "Fame & Folly."
(WSJ, 5/22/96, p.A-18)
1920        F. Scott Fitzgerald (23) authored his 1st novel “This Side of Paradise."
    (WSJ, 7/29/06, p.P12)(www.bartleby.com/115/)
1920        Sigmund Freud authored "Beyond the Pleasure Principle."
    (WSJ, 5/5/06, p.A16)
1920        William Dean Howells published his last novel "Vacation at the Kelwyn’s." In it he satirized the romances of the 1860s and 1870s.
    (SFEM, 6/28/98, p.37)
1920        Ernst Juenger (Jünger) (d.1998) published his first book "In Storms of Steel." The book glorified the horrors of WW I and put him in the rank of militant nationalists whose writings helped pave the way for the Third Reich. In 2003 Michael Hoffman made a translation, Storm of Steel, to English.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.A18)(WSJ, 10/7/06, p.P12)
1920        Sinclair Lewis (1865-1951) authored "Main Street."
    (WSJ, 1/18/02, p.W8)
1920        "The Story of Dr. Doolittle" by Hugh Lofting was published.
    (SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)
1920        Eugene O’Neill wrote his first full-length play "Beyond the Horizon."
    (WSJ, 1/21/98, p.A20)
1920        S. Ansky (b.1863), Russian-Jewish journalist and playwright, died. In 2003 Joachim Neugroschel edited and translated "The Enemy at His Pleasure: A Journey Through the Jewish Pale of Settlement During World War I."
    (SSFC, 4/20/03, p.M4)

1920-1933    Joseph Roth, Austrian novelist, spent this period in Berlin. In 2002 his writings from this time were translated by Michael Hofmann and published as "What I Saw: Reports From Berlin 1920-1933."
    (SSFC, 12/29/02, p.M3)

1921        Feb 14, The Literary Review faced obscenity charges in NY for publishing "Ulysses" by James Joyce.
    (MC, 2/14/02)

1921        Feb, The obscenity trial over the publication of James Joyce’s Ulysses in The Little Review , an American literary magazine,  effectively banned publication of Joyce's novel in the United States.
    (http://tinyurl.com/oq9glvj)

1921        May 12, Farley Mowat, Canadian nature writer (Never Cry Wolf), was born.
    (HN, 5/12/01)

1921        May 23, James [Benjamin] Blish, US-UK sci-fi author (Hugo,  Black Easter, Star Trek Reader), was born.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1921        Aug 3, Hayden Carruth, novelist (Crow & Heart), was born in Waterbury, Ct.
    (SC, 8/3/02)

1921        Aug 20, Jacqueline Susann, author (Valley of the Dolls), was born in Phila., Pa.
    (MC, 8/20/02)

1921        Aug 25, Brian Moore, Irish novelist, was born. His work included "The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne."
    (HN, 8/25/00)

1921        Aug 26, Ben Bradlee, editor, journalist, executive (Washington Post), was born in Boston.
    (MC, 8/26/02)

1921        Mary Clarissa Miller, pen name Agatha Christie, published her 1st novel.
    (SFC, 10/14/99, p.C5)
1921        Sheila Kaye-Smith wrote her novel "Joanna Godden."
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, DB p.40)
1921        Eugene O’Neill wrote his expressionist drama "The Hairy Ape," about a boiler stoker on a transatlantic liner.
    (WSJ, 4/4/97, p.A7)(WM, WWW,1999)
1921        Edith Wharton won the Pulitzer Prize for her novel "Age of Innocence" (1920).
    (SSFC, 1/14/01, BR p.8)
1921        In China Lu Xun (1881-1936) authored his allegorical novella “The Story of Ah Q." It contained  damning insights into the “feudal" thinking of the time. Lu Xun was the pen name of Zhou Shuren. He was later enshrined as the father of modern Chinese literature.
    (Econ, 10/27/07, p.54)(Econ, 7/27/13, p.37)
1921        Yevgeny Zamyatin (d.1937), Russian author, completed his novel “We." It offended communist censors and did not appear in print in Russia until 1988. Editions outside Russia became available in 1924. In 2006 Natasha Randall made a new English translation.
    (WSJ, 7/26/06, p.D11)

1922        Mar 12, Jack Kerouac, American novelist, was born. He wrote "On the Road."
    (HN, 3/12/99)

1922        Apr 13, John Gerard Braine, British novelist (Room at the Top), was born.
    (HN, 4/13/01)

1922        Apr 16, Kingsley Amis (d.1995), novelist and poet, was born. He wrote more than 20 novels and 6 volumes of verse. His work included "The King’s English: A Guide to Modern Usage." In 1998 Eric Jacobs published the biography "Kingsley Amis."
    (WSJ, 10/23/95, p.A-1)(SFEC, 7/19/98, BR p.3)(HN, 4/16/01)

1922        Jun 27, The Newberry Medal was 1st presented for kids literature to Hendrik Van Loon.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1922        F. Scott Fitzgerald authored his 2nd novel “The Beautiful and Damned."
    (WSJ, 7/29/06, p.P12)

1922        Hermann Hesse (1877-1962) published his novel "Siddhartha," a short lyric novel of a father-son relationship based on the early life of Buddha and inspired by Hesse’s travels through India. In 1951 it was translated to English.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.C12)(iUniv. 7/2/00)(WSJ, 8/5/06, p.P8)

1922        Franz Kafka (1883-1924) authored his novel “The Castle."
    (WSJ, 8/7/07, p.D10)

1922        Sinclair Lewis (1965-1951) published his novel "Babbitt," a small-town saga of a real estate agent.
    (WSJ, 7/13/99, p.A20)(WSJ, 1/18/02, p.W8)

1923        Jan 31, Norman Mailer (d.2007), NYC mayoral candidate, novelist (Naked and the Dead), was born in NJ. In 1999 Mary V. Dearborn published "Norman Mailer: A Biography."
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, BR p.7)(SSFC, 11/11/07, p.A7)

1923        Mar 27, Louis Simpson, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, was born.
    (HN, 3/27/01)

1923        Apr 21, John Mortimor, British barrister and playwright, was born. He created Rumpole of the Bailey.
    (HN, 4/21/99)

1923        May 1, Joseph Heller (d.1999), American author, was born in Brooklyn, NY. His work included the novel "Catch 22."
    (HN, 5/1/99)(SFC, 12/14/99, p.A10)(MC, 5/1/02)

1923        May 25, John Weitz, spy, author, fashion designer (Friends in High Places), was born.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1923        Jul 10, Jean Kerr (d.2003), playwright and author, was born in Scranton, Pa. Her later books included "Please Don’t Eat the Daisies."
    (SFC, 1/7/03, p.A22)

1923        Jul 17, James Purdy, writer (Cabot Wright Begins), was born.
    (HN, 7/17/01)

1923        Aug 24, Kate Douglas Wiggin (66), author (US kindergarten movement), died.
    (MC, 8/24/02)

1923        Oct 15, Italo Calvino (d.1985), Italian novelist (Winter's Night a Traveler), was born in Cuba.
    (HN, 10/15/00)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.M4)

1923        Felix Salten (1869-1945) a Viennese Jew, wrote his antifascist allegory "Bambi, A Life in the Woods." It was translated into English by Whittaker Chambers (28) and published by Simon & Schuster in 1928.  In 1942 it was made into an animated Disney.
    (WSJ, 10/14/97, p.A22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Salten)

1923        Rudyard Kipling authored “The Irish Guards in the Great War," a history of the unit that his son fought and died for in WW I.
    (WSJ, 10/7/06, p.P12)

1924        May 1, Terry Southern, novelist and screenwriter (Candy, The Magic Christian, Dr. Strangelove, Easy Rider), was born.
    (HN, 5/1/01)(MC, 5/1/02)

1924        Jun 3, Franz Kafka (b.1883), Czech writer, died. He was born in Prague and authored "The Castle" and "The Trial," both published after his death. Kafka had requested that his papers be burned after his death, but his friend, Max Brod, kept them and carried them to Tel Aviv when he fled Prague in 1939. Brod died in 1968 and left his personal secretary, Esther Hoffe, in charge of his literary estate and instructed her to transfer the Kafka papers to an academic institution. A critical German edition of The Castle was published in 1982 and an English translation of that edition came out in 1998. In 1927 Max Brod edited Kafka’s unfinished manuscript called "The Man Who Disappeared" and published it as "Amerika." In 2005 Roberto Calasso authored “K," a contemporary evaluation of Kafka’s work. In 2010 more of Kafka’s unfinished work emerged from safety deposit boxes in Tel Aviv and Zurich, Switzerland.
    (WSJ, 10/10/96, p.A1)(SFEC, 4/5/98, BR p.11)(SSFC, 12/8/02, p.M4)(SSFC, 2/20/05, p.B1)(SFC, 8/18/08, p.A12)(AP, 7/21/10)

1924        Aug 3, Leon Uris, writer, was born. His works included "Battle Cry" and "Exodus."
    (HN, 8/3/00)
1924        Aug 3, Joseph Conrad (b.1857), Ukraine-born and Poland-raised novelist (Jozef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski), died in England. In 2008 Jim Stape authored “The Several Lives of Joseph Conrad."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Conrad)

1924        Aug 15, Robert Oxton Bolt, English screenwriter and playwright, was born. He is best known for "A Man for all Seasons."
    (HN, 8/15/00)(MC, 8/15/02)

1924        Dec 25, Rod Serling (d.1975), writer and host (Twilight Zone, Night Gallery), was born in Syracuse, NY. He was also the author of "Requiem for a Heavyweight." He was remembered in the PBS production titled: "Submitted for Your Approval," first broadcast on 11/29/95.
    (WSJ, 11/27/95, p.A-14)(Internet)

1924        Anita Loos authored “Gentlemen Preferred Blondes."
    (WSJ, 4/10/09, p.W7)

1924        Frances Hodgson Burnett (b.1849), English author, died. In 2004 Gretchen Holbrook Gerzina authored “Frances Hodgson Burnett: The Unexpected Life of the Author of The Secret Garden."
    (Econ, 5/15/04, p.82)

1925        Mar 25, Flannery O'Connor (d.1964), novelist and short story writer, was born in Savannah, Georgia.
    (www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-498)(WUD, 1994 p.997)

1925        Apr 2, George MacDonald Fraser, poet, author (Flashman at the Charge), was born.
    (MC, 4/2/02)

1925        Apr 10, The novel "The Great Gatsby," by F. Scott Fitzgerald, was first published by Scribner's of New York. A film version was made in 1974.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1925)(SFEC, 2/16/97, Par. p.18)(AP, 4/9/97)

1925        May 14, Henry Rider Haggard, English writer (Dawn, She), died.
    (MC, 5/14/02)

1925        May 27, Tony Hillerman, mystery novelist (The Blessing Way, Sacred Clowns), was born.
    (HN, 5/27/01)

1925        Aug 12, Norris McWhirter, author (Guinness Book of World Records), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)
1925        Aug 12, Ross McWhirter, author (Guinness Book of World Records), was born.
    (SC, 8/12/02)

1925        Earl Derr Biggers (1884-1933), Ohio-born novelist, published “The House Without a Key." The novel included the fictional Chinese-American detective Charlie Chan, who became immortalized in 6 novels and 47 movies. In 2010 Yunte Huang authored “Charlie Chan: The Untold Story of the Honorable Detective and His Rendezvous With American History."
    (SSFC, 9/5/10, p.F2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlie_Chan)
1925        Theodore Dreiser authored his novel “An American Tragedy," a portrayal of the rapidly changing country.
    (WSJ, 6/16/07, p.P10)
1925        Pramoedya Ananta Toer, writer, was born in Indonesia. He was jailed for 2 years by the Dutch in 1947 and spent years in a labor camp under the Suharto regime. His novels included “This Earth Mankind."
    (WSJ, 8/10/04, p.D8)
1925        “The White Guard," a novel by Mikhail Bulgakov (1891-1940) of Kiev during the Russian civil war, first appeared in part in serial form. A stage version titled “The Days of the Turbins" ran from 1926-1941. The novel was not reprinted in Russia until 1966.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_White_Guard)(Econ, 8/9/14, p.67)
1925        Fragments of Ivan Bunin’s “Cursed Days," compiled of diaries and notes he made while in Moscow and Odessa in 1918-1920, were first published by the Paris-based Vozrozhdenye newspaper. A full version appeared in 1936. It was banned in the USSR until the 1980s. Bunin (1870-1953) was the first Russian writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature (1933).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cursed_Days)

1925-1939    Joseph Roth (1894-1939), an Austrian Jew, was assigned to Paris by a Frankfurt newspaper. After one year the job was given to a Nationalist. He stayed in Paris and wrote for emigre publications and railed against Germany and racism in his essays and novels. In 2004 his selected essays appeared in English as "Report From a Parisian Paradise: Essays from France, 1925-1939."
    (SSFC, 1/11/04, p.M4)(Econ, 2/2/13, p.74)

1926        Mar 24, Dario Fo, Italian actor and playwright, was born in Leggiuno Sangiano on the banks of Lake Maggiore. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1997.
    (SFC, 10/10/97, p.A15)(HN, 3/24/01)

1926        Mar 31, John Fowles (d.2005), English novelist, was born. His work included “The Collector" (1963) and “The French Lieutenant's Woman" (1969).
    (HN, 3/31/01)(SFC, 11/8/05, p.B5)

1926        Apr 16, Book of the Month Club sent out its 1st selections: "Lolly Willowes" & "Loving Huntsman" by Sylvia Townsend Warner.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1926        Apr 23, J.P. Donlevey, American-born Irish writer (The Ginger Man), was born.
    (HN, 4/23/01)

1926        Apr 28, Harper Lee, American novelist, was born. Her 1960 book, "To Kill a Mockingbird" won a Pulitzer.
    (HN, 4/28/99)(SSFC, 6/25/06, p.M3)

1926        May 3, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Sinclair Lewis (Arrowsmith).
    (MC, 5/3/02)

1926        May 5, Sinclair Lewis refused his Pulitzer Prize for "Arrowsmith."
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1926        May 15, Anthony Shaffer, English playwright (Sleuth), twin brother of Peter Shaffer, was born.
    (HN, 5/15/01)
1926        May 15, Peter Shaffer, English playwright (Equus, Amadeus), twin brother of Anthony Shaffer, was born.
    (HN, 5/15/01)

1926        May 21, Robert Creeley, poet, was born.
    (HN, 5/21/01)

1926        May 25, M von der Grün, writer, was born.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1927        Mar 22, Federico Garcia Lorca's "El Maleficio," premiered in Madrid.
    (MC, 3/22/02)

1927        Apr 15, Francesco Gaeta (47), Italian poet (Di Giacomo), died.
    (MC, 4/15/02)

1927        May 22, Peter Mathiessen, writer, was born.
    (HN, 5/22/01)

1927        May 25, Robert Ludlum, spy novelist (Bourne Identity), was born in NYC.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1927        Jun 30, James Goldman, author, playwright (Butch Cassidy & Sundance Kid), was born.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1927        Jul 19, Jan Myrdal, Swedish writer, journalist (Albania Defiant), was born.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1927        Jul 25, Midge Decter, writer and editor, was born in St. Paul Minn.
    (HN, 7/25/02)

1927        Herbert Asbury wrote "The Gangs of New York." The book established the Five Points district as the mythic slum.
    (AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.46)(SFC, 7/29/98, p.A19)

1927        Julien Benda (1867-1956), French writer, authored “La Trahison des Clercs," (Treason of the Clerks). The title of the English translation was The Betrayal of the Intellectuals. The book described the politicization of Western intellectuals, above all their willingness to abandon the disinterested search for truth.
    {France. Writer, Books}
    (WSJ, 6/10/08, p.A15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julien_Benda)

1927        Willa Cather authored “Death Comes for the Archbishop." Bishop Jean Marie Latour, her novel’s hero, was the fictional name for the French Bishop Jean-Baptiste Lamy, dispatched as a priest by Rome in 1850 to bring order and discipline to the New Mexican territory.
    (WSJ, 9/13/06, p.D10)

1927        Ernest Hemingway published his novel "Fiesta."
    (SFC, 8/5/98, p.E3)

1927        Hermann Hesse published "Steppenwolf," a novel about a writer who despises middle class and Western values, but suffers from his feelings of emotional isolation.
    (iUniv. 7/2/00)

1927        DuBose Heyward and his wife Dorothy based a play called "Porgy" on his novel "Porgy."
    (MT, Fall. ‘97, p.12)

1927        D.H. Lawrence wrote his story "The Man Who Died," in which Jesus becomes a lover of a priestess of Isis.
    (WSJ, 10/14/98, p.A20)

1927        Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951) authored his novel “Elmer Gantry." A 1960 film version starred Burt Lancaster.
    (WSJ, 12/28/07, p.W13)

1927        V.L. Parrington wrote "Main Currents in American Thought." It is considered one of the most important history books of the 30s.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-16)

1927        Margaret Sanger wrote "What Every Boy and Girl Should Know."
    (WSJ, 3/12/97, p.A16)

1927        Upton Sinclair published his novel "Oil," based on the development of oil in southern California. It became the basis for the 2007 film “There Will be Blood."
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.7)(ON, 10/20/11, p.6)

1927        Thornton Wilder wrote "The Bridge of San Luis Rey." It was set in Peru in the early 1700s when a rope bridge broke that sent 5 people to their death.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, BR p.8)

1928        Jan 11, Thomas Hardy (87), English novelist, died near Dorchester. His books included “Far from Maddening Crowd" (1874) and “Jude the Obscure" (1895). In 2006 Claire Tomalin authored “Thomas Hardy: The Time-Torn Man."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Hardy)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.96)

1928        Mar 6, Gabriel Garcia-Marquez, Columbian-born novelist (One Hundred Years of Solitude, Love in the Time of Cholera), was born.
    (HN, 3/6/01)

1928        Mar 12, Edward Albee, American dramatist who wrote "Who's Afraid of Virginia Wolf," was born.
    (HN, 3/12/00)

1928        Apr 4, Maya Angelou (d.2014), American poet and writer, was born.
    (HN, 4/4/98)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.98)

1928        Apr 17, Cynthia Ozick, writer (The Cannibal Galaxy, The Messiah of Stockholm), was born.
    (HN, 4/17/01)

1928        May 7, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Thornton Wilder for Bridge of San Luis Rey.
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1928        May 24, William Trevor, Irish short story writer and novelist (The Old Boys, The Boarding House), was born.
    (HN, 5/24/01)

1928        Jul 2, Pavel Kohout, Czech author (Poor Murderer), was born.
    (SC, 7/2/02)

1928        Jul 16, Anita Brookner, writer (Hotel du Lac), was born.
    (HN, 7/16/01)

1928        Jul 26, Bernice Rubens, Welsh novelist and filmmaker, was born.
    (HN, 7/26/01)

1928        Aug, Buck Rogers first appeared as Anthony Rogers in a short space opera, "Armageddon-2419 A.D." by Philip Francis Nowlan, published in the August 1928 issue of Amazing Stories.
    (www.buck-rogers.com/amazing_stories/)

1928        Sep 6, Robert Pirzig, author, was born. His work included “Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance."
    (HN, 9/6/00)

1928        Herbert Asbury authored "The Gangs of New York." In 2002 it was made into a film.
    (SFC, 12/30/02, p.D1)

1929        Jan 19, Liang Qichao (b.1873), Chinese intellectual, died in Beijing. He inspired Chinese scholars with his writings and reform movements.
    (Econ, 7/28/12, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liang_Qichao)

1929        Mar 28, Frederick Exley, American novelist (A Fan's Notes), was born.
    (HN, 3/28/01)

1929        Apr 1, Milan Kundera, Czech writer (The Farewell Party, The Unbearable Lightness of Being), was born.
    (HN, 4/1/01)

1929        May 16, Adrienne Rich, poet (Diving into the Wreck), was born.
    (HN, 5/16/01)

1929        Jul 26, Jean Shepherd, humorist (Playboy satire Award 1966, 1967, 1969), was born.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1929        Jul 27, Jack Higgins, [Harry Patterson], novelist, was born.
    (MC, 7/27/02)

1929        Oct 21, Ursula Kroeber Le Guin, science fiction writer, was born. Her work included "The Left Hand of Darkness."
    (HN, 10/21/00)(MC, 10/21/01)

1929        Aug 27, Ira Levin, author (Rosemary Baby, Boys From Brazil, This Perfect Day), was born.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1929        Stephen Vincent Benet won the Pulitzer Prize for his Civil War epic "John Brown’s Body." In 2002 the work was performed by inmates at San Quentin Prison under the direction of Joseph De Francesca.
    (SFC, 1/2/98, p.C20)(SFC, 11/19/02, p.D1)
1929        Jean Cocteau wrote his novel "Les Enfants Terribles" while in a sanatorium trying to shake his opium habit. He narrated the 1950 film version. In 1997 it was made into an opera by Philip Glass.
    (WSJ, 11/26/96, p.A16)(SFC, 10/12/97, DB p.40)
1929        William Faulkner (32) published his novel “Sound and the Fury." It chronicled the decline of a genteel Mississippi family.
    (Econ, 5/23/15, p.74)
1929        Henry Green (1905-1973), English writer, authored “Living," a novel of working class factory life.
    (WSJ, 9/20/08, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Green)
1929        Irene Nemirovsky (1903-1942), Russian-born French-Jewish writer, authored her high-finance novel “David Golder."
    (SSFC, 5/16/10, p.F5)
1929        Agnes Smedley (1892-1950), American journalist and writer, authored her semi-autobiographical novel “Daughter of Earth." Smedley, an advocate for women, children, peasants and liberation for the oppressed, then moved to China and covered the civil war there.
    (SFC, 1/10/08, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agnes_Smedley)

1930        Feb 14, “The Maltese Falcon," by SF based writer Dashiell Hammett (1894-1961), was published.
    (SFC, 6/7/04, p.C1)

1930        Feb 28, Charles Scott Moncrieff, Scotland-born soldier, spy and translator, died in Rome. His work included the translation of seven of eight volumes of Proust’s “Remembrance of Things Past."  In 2014 Jean Findlay authored “chasing Lost Time: The Life of C.K. Scott Moncrieff."
    (Econ, 8/16/14, p.66)

1930        Apr 21, Robert S. Bridges (85), poet laureate (Testament of beauty), died.
    (MC, 4/21/02)

1930        Apr 25, Paul Mazursky, US writer, director (Moscow on the Hudson), was born.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1930        May 8, Gary Snyder, beat poet, was born.
    (HN, 5/7/02)

1930        May 12, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Marc Connelly (Green Pastures).
    (MC, 5/12/02)

1930        May 17, Herbert Croly (b.1869), American liberal political author, died. His books included “The Promise of American Life" (1909).
    (WSJ, 1/4/08, p.W5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Croly)

1930        Jul 7, Arthur Conan Doyle (b.1859), British novelist, died. His work included 4 Sherlock Holmes mystery novels and 56 short stories about Holmes. Doyle was an eye doctor. In 1999 Daniel Stashower published "Teller of Tales: The Life of Arthur Conan Doyle." In 2007 Andrew Lycett authored “Conan Doyle: The Man who Created Sherlock Holmes."
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, Par p.12)(www.sherlockian.net/acd/)(ON, 3/06, p.12)(Econ, 10/6/07, p.98)

1930        Jul 27, David Hughes, English novelist (The Horsehair Sofa, The Man Who Invented Tomorrow), was born.
    (HN, 7/27/01)

1930        Mary Ware Dennett wrote: "The Sex Side of Life: An Explanation for Young People." It was found on appeal not to be obscene under the 1873 Comstock Act.
    (WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A20)(SFEM, 6/28/98, p.39)
1930         Freud published his "Civilization and Its Discontents." Here he developed his ideas of 1915 and added that men are: "on the contrary, creatures among whose instinctual endowments is to be reckoned a powerful share of aggressiveness. Homo homini lupus. (Man is a wolf to man.)
    (V.D.-H.K.p.294)
1930        Moss Hart, American playwright and librettist, wrote "Once in a Lifetime," a collaboration with George S. Kaufman. It was called the mother of all Hollywood satires.
    (WUD, 1994, p.648)(SFEC, 7/13/97, DB p.11)(WSJ, 6/3/98, p.A16)
1930        Ales Hrdlicka published his "Skeletal Remains of Early Man." It is still the fullest and most detailed descriptive, historical account that has been written on the subject.
     (DD-EVTT, p.139)
c1930    "The Secret Museum of Mankind," a pastiche of world exotica from postcards and doctored National Geographic photographs was published.
    (NH, 6/97, p.65)
1930        Rolf de Mare, patron of the Swedish Ballet, established the Archives Internationales de la Danse in Paris, France.
    (SFEM, 6/9/96, p.34)
1930        Vladimir Nabakov (1899-1977), Russian writer, authored “The Defence," his 3rd novel, written during his emigration to Berlin.
    (Econ, 3/30/13, p.53)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir_Nabokov)
1930        Dawn Powell wrote her novel "Dance Night."
    (WSJ, 10/19/98, p.A24)
1930        J.B. Priestley (1894-1984), English novelist and playwright, authored his novel “Angel Pavement."
    (Econ, 6/30/12, p.85)
1930        The first "Savoy Cocktail Book" was published. It was called the Holy Writ of the drinks world.
    (WSJ, 1/22/99, p.W8)
1930        Evelyn Waugh (1903-1966), English writer, authored his novel “Vile Bodies."
(WSJ, 1/10/09, p.W8)

1931        Jan 6, Edgar Laurence Doctorow (E.L. Doctorow), novelist (World's Fair, Ragtime), was born in NYC.
    (www.albany.edu/writers-inst/doctorow.html)

1931        Apr 1, Rolf Hochhuth, German playwright (Deputy), was born.
    (MC, 4/1/02)

1931        Apr 7, Donald Barthelme (d.1989), US writer, was born in Philadelphia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Barthelme)(WSJ, 2/21/09, p.W8)

1931        May 7, Gene [Rodman] Wolfe, US, sci-fi author (Soldier of Arete), was born.
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1931        Jul 4, Novelist James Joyce (22) married Nora Barnacle (20) in London. They legalized their 26-year common-law marriage at the Kensington Registry Office in London.
    (SFEM, 1/25/98, p.69)

1931        Jul 10, Alice Munro, Canadian writer (Open Secrets, Friend of my Youth), was born.
    (HN, 7/10/01)

1931        Sep 12, Kristin Hunter, author, was born. Her work included "God Bless the Child" and  "The Survivors."
    (HN, 9/12/00)

1931        Dashiell Hammett authored his mystery thriller “The Glass Key." It was made into a film in 1942.
    (SFEC, 5/31/98, DB p.51)(WSJ, 4/15/06, p.P16)

1931        Noel Coward stayed at the Sassoon House in Shanghai for four days and wrote his "Private Lives."
    (Hem. 1/95, p. 84)
1931        Irma S. Rombauer published the first volume of "Joy of Cooking."
    (SFC,11/12/97, Z1 p.1)
1931        Writer Lincoln Steffens published his "Autobiography." It was an enormous success.
    (HNQ, 10/4/98)
1931        Nathanael West (1902-1940) wrote his first novel "The Dream Life of Balso Snell."
    (WSJ, 8/11/97, p.A12)
1931        "Morning Becomes Electra" by Eugene O’Neill was first produced. He adopted the Aeschylus "Oresteia" trilogy to a New England family, the Mannons, in the days just after the American Civil War. The three parts were called "Homecoming," "The Hunted" and "The Haunted."
    (WSJ, 5/16/97, p.A16)

1932        Feb 7, Gay Talese, author (Honor Thy Father), was born.
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1932        Mar 18, John Updike, American poet, novelist, was born. He wrote "Witches of Eastwick."
    (HN, 3/18/99)

1932        Apr 15, Eva Figes, British novelist, was born.
    (HN, 4/15/01)

1932        Apr 21, Elaine May, comedy writer, was born.
    (HN, 4/21/01)

1932        Apr 27, American poet Hart Crane (32) drowned after jumping from a steamer while en route to New York. In 1967 R.W.B. Lewis (d. 2002) authored  "The Poetry of Hart Crane."
    (AP, 4/27/97)(SFC, 6/17/02, p.B5)

1932        May 2, Pulitzer prize was awarded to Pearl S. Buck for "The Good Earth."
    (MC, 5/2/02)

1932        May 7, Jenny Joseph, English poet and novelist (The Thinking Heart, The Inland Sea), was born.
    (HN, 5/7/02)

1932        May 25, John Gregory Dunne (d.2003), author, screenwriter and husband of Joan Didion, was born in Hartford, Conn.
    (HN, 5/25/01)(SFC, 1/1/04, p.A23)

1932        May 28, Stephen Birmingham, novelist and biographer (Real Lace: America's Irish Rich), was born in Hartford.
    (HN, 5/28/01)(MC, 5/28/02)

1932        Aug 17, V.S, Naipaul (b.1932), English novelist (Middle Passage), was born in Chaguana, Trinidad. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2001.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.C1)(SC, 8/17/02)

1932        Aug 27, Antonia Fraser, biographer (Mary Queen of Scots), was born.
    (MC, 8/27/02)

1932        Columbia professor Adolf Berle and researcher Gardiner means wrote "The Modern Corporation," wherein they argued that with the rise of the public corporation, the owners had lost control and that managers had gained the upper hand over small shareholders.
    (WSJ, 4/18/96, p.C-1)
1932        Hans Fallada (1893-1947), German writer, authored “Little Man, What Now?" The book was an immediate success in Germany, where today it is considered to be a modern classic, given its intense descriptions of the last days of the Weimar Republic.
    (http://tinyurl.com/nksb5cj)(Econ, 1/3/15, p.70)
1932        Louis-Ferdinand Celine (1894-1961), French physician and writer, authored “Journey to the End of Night."
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/lfceline.htm)(WSJ, 9/23/06, p.P8)
1932        Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald authored her novel “Save Me the Waltz."
    (SSFC, 6/20/04, p.M6)
1932        Aldous Huxley wrote "Brave New World." A 2-hour TV version was made in 1998.
    (WSJ, 4/13/98, p.A20)
1932        Joseph Roth (1894-1939), an Austrian-Jewish writer, authored “The Radetzky March," a novel of the decline of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It was translated into English in 1995. Roth’s 1938 sequel was translated to English in 2013.
    (Econ, 2/2/13, p.74)
1932        John Steinbeck wrote his novel "The Red Pony." It was made into a 1948 film.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, DB p.35)
1932        Philip Stong published his novel “State Fair." It was made into a non-musical film in 1933 and in 1945 became a musical film with songs by Richard Rogers and Oscar Hammerstein.
    (WSJ, 8/16/06, p.D12)
1932        Laura Ingalls Wilder wrote "Little House in the Big Woods," the first of a series. A biography "Laura Ingalls Wilder: Storyteller of the Prairie" was written in 1997 by Ginger Wadsworth.
    (SFEC, 3/30/97, BR. p.10)
1932        Eugene O’Neill’s play, "Strange Interlude," opened in Quincy, Mass. The crowds saved the restaurant across the street owned by Howard Johnson.
    (SFEC, 12/6/98, Z1p.10)
1932        Edna Ferber and George S. Kaufman co-wrote the Broadway comedy "Dinner at Eight."
    (WSJ, 2/9/96, p.A-10)

1933        Mar 19, Phillip Roth, American novelist and short-story writer (Portnoy's Complaint), was born.
    (HN, 3/19/01)

1933        Apr 19, Etheridge Knight, poet, was born.
    (HN, 4/1901)

1933        May 4, Pulitzer prize was awarded to Archibald Macleish (Conquistador).
    (MC, 5/4/02)

1933        May 10, Barbara Taylor Bradford, author, was born.
    (MC, 5/10/02)

1933        May 12, Andrey Andreyevich Voznesensky, Russian poet, was born.
    (HN, 5/12/01)

1933        May 14, Richard P. Brickner, novelist (The Broken Year), was born.
    (HN, 5/14/01)

1933        Jul 20, Cormac McCarthy, novelist (All the Pretty Horses), was born.
    (HN, 7/20/01)

1933        Jul 21, John Gardner (d.1982), poet and novelist (Grendel, October Light), was born.
    (HN, 7/21/02)

1933        Dec 8, Patrick Leigh Fermor (b.1915), London-born student, set off to walk the length of Europe, from the Hook of Holland to Constantinople. He later recounted his adventures in “A Time of Gifts" (1977) and “Between the Woods and the Water" (1986). He was later widely regarded as Britain’s greatest travel writer.
    (WSJ, 11/24/07, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrick_Leigh_Fermor)

1933        Charles Henri Ford (d.2002 at 94) authored "The Young and Evil," considered by some to be the 1st gay novel. It was based on Ford’s adventures in Greenwich Village and was banned in the US until the 1960s.
    (SFC, 10/1/02, p.A18)

1934        Apr 10, David Halberstam, New York Times correspondent, author, Pulitzer Prize winner in 1964, was born.
    (HN, 4/10/01)

1934        Apr 12,    The F. Scott Fitzgerald novel "Tender Is the Night" was first published by Scribner's in New York. It had been serialized in Scribner's Magazine.
    (AP, 4/12/07)

1934        May 7, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Sidney Kingsley (Men in White).
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1934        May 25, David J. Burke, writer, was born in Liverpool, England.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1934        May 27, Harlan [Jay] Ellison, US sci-fi author (7 Hugos, Doomsman, Babylon 5), was born.
    (MC, 5/27/02)

1934        Jun 21, [James] Thorne Smith, US fantasy author (Stray Lamb, Turnabout), died.
    (MC, 6/21/02)

1934        Aug 7, The U.S. Court of Appeals upheld a lower court ruling striking down the government's attempt to ban the controversial James Joyce novel "Ulysses."
    (AP, 8/7/97)

1934         James M. Cain authored "The Postman Always Rings Twice." It became one of the most popular "hard-boiled" crime novels ever written. It is said that Albert Camus was so taken with the book that he used it as a model for "The Stranger."
    (iUniv. 7/1/00)(WSJ, 8/2/08, p.W8)
1934        Robert Graves authored “I, Claudius."
    (SSFC, 4/22/07, p.P10)
1934        George Orwell published his 1st novel “Burmese Days." In 2005 Emma Larkin authored “Finding George Orwell in Burma."
    (SFEC, 10/22/00, p.T9)(SSFC, 6/5/05, p.B3)
1934          Dashiell Hammett (1894-1961) authored “The Thin Man."
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0358591/)(SFCM, 2/6/05, p.4)
1934        US writer Ernest Hemingway purchased the Pilar, a 38-foot cabin cruiser in New York for $7,495. In 2011 Paul Hendrickson authored “Hemingway’s Boat: Everything He Loved in Life, and Lost, 1934-1961."
    (Econ, 10/15/11, p.95)
1934        Janet Lewis wrote "The Invasion," a historical novel on the interplay of French, English and Indian cultures on the American frontier. [first source says it was published in 1932]
    (SFC, 12/5/98, p.C2)(SFEC, 12/6/98, p.C14)
1934        William Maxwell (1908-2000) published his 1st novel: "Bright Center of Heaven." Maxwell went on to become an editor for the New Yorker.
    (SFC, 8/2/00, p.A24)
1934        Henry Miller’s novel "Tropic of Cancer" was published by the French publisher Girodias.
    (SFC, 7/7/96, BR p.6)
1934        William Saroyan (1908-1981), Fresno, Ca., writer and painter, published his first book, a collection of short stories that included “The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze."
    (SSFC, 10/11/09, DB p.46)
1934        Evelyn Waugh (1903-1966), English writer, authored “Ninety-Two Days." It was based on his 1932 travels in Brazil and British Guiana.
    (WSJ, 11/24/07, p.W8)
1934        William Phillips (d.2002 at 94) co-founded the Partisan Revue along with critic Philip Rahv as an organ of the John Reed Club associated with the Communist Party. It severed ties with the party in 1937 and went on to showcase some of the finest writers of the era.
    (SFC, 9/14/02, p.A19)
1934        Upton Sinclair, muckraker and socialist, ran for governor of California and wrote "I, governor of California and how I ended poverty: A true story of the future." It spoke of his utopian scheme called EPIC (End Poverty in California). He was defeated by Frank Merriam (1865-1955). In 1992 Greg Mitchell authored “The Campaign of the Century: Upton Sinclair’s Race for Governor of California and the Birth of Media Politics."
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, Z1 p.5)(SFC, 1/12/05, p.E3)

1935        Apr 6, Edward Arlington Robinson, US poet, died.
    (MC, 4/6/02)

1935        Apr 8, The Emergency Relief Appropriation Act authorized $5 billion to increase employment and for useful projects including the Works Progress Administration (WPA). President Franklin Roosevelt proposed the Works Progress Administration (WPA) during the Great Depression of the 1930s when almost 25 percent of Americans were unemployed. The WPA created low-paying federal jobs to provide immediate relief. The WPA put 8.5 million jobless to work on projects as diverse as constructing highways, bridges and public buildings to arts programs like the Federal Writers' Project. Writers were paid to produce comprehensive guidebooks for each of the US states and Washington DC. In 2008 Nick Taylor authored “"American-Made: The Enduring Legacy of the WPA, When FDR Put America to Work."
    (AP, 4/8/97)(HN, 4/8/98)(HNPD, 4/8/99)(SFC, 3/12/08, p.E2)(WSJ, 2/17/09, p.A13)

1935        Apr 12, Germany prohibited the publishing of "not-Aryan" writers.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1935        May 19, Colonel Thomas E. Lawrence (b.1888), better known as Lawrence of Arabia, died 6 days after sustaining head injuries in a motorcycle accident on a Dorset, England, country road. Lawrence served the British Foreign Office as liaison officer during the Arab revolt against the Turks in World War I. His leadership and sympathetic understanding of the Arabs were instrumental in Allied General Edmund Allenby's conquest of Palestine in 1917. Bitterly disappointed by the 1919 Paris Peace Conference's refusal to mandate Arab independence, Lawrence resigned from the Foreign Office in 1922 to write books about his Middle East experiences. In 2011 Michael Korda authored “Hero: The Life and Legend of Lawrence of Arabia." In 20154 Anthony Sattin authored “The Young T.E. Lawrence."
    (HNPD, 5/19/99)(AP, 5/19/08)(Econ, 4/30/11, p.90)(Econ., 2/14/15, p.75)

1935        May 29, André P. Brink, South African writer (Dry White Season), was born.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1935        Aug 22, E. Annie Proulx, writer, was born in Connecticut. Her novels included "Postcards" and "The Shipping News."
    (HN, 8/22/00)

1935        Aug 31, Eldridge Cleaver, political activist and author of "Soul on Fire," was born.
    (HN, 8/31/98)

1935        British novelist C.S. Forester wrote his novel "The African Queen", later adapted by Hollywood in the 1951 movie of the same name starring Humphrey Bogart and Katherine Hepburn.
    (AFP, 5/12/15)
1935        Samuel Fuller (d.1997 at 86) wrote his novel "Burn Baby Burn."
    (SFC,11/1/97, p.A17)
1935        Robert E. Howard, pulp fiction writer, created his Conan the Barbarian, the Sonora Kid, Solomon Kane and other characters. His romance with Novalyne Price Ellis formed the basis for the 1996 film "The Whole Wide World." It was based on her memoir "One Who Walked Alone."
    (SFC, 12/27/96, p.C3)(WSJ, 1/3/97, p.A7)
1935        Ella Maillart (d.1997 at 94), Swiss sportswoman, wrote "Among Russian Youth: from Moscow to the Caucasus." In 1947 she took a trip to Afghanistan with a sick, morphine-addicted friend and wrote "The Cruel Way, Two Women and a Ford in Afghanistan."
    (SFC, 3/29/97, p.A20)
1935        John O’Hara authored his novel “Butterfield 8." In 1960 it was made into a film.
    (SFEC, 3/23/97, DB p.39)(WSJ, 3/15/08, p.W10)
1935        John Steinbeck wrote his novel "Tortilla Flat."
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, DB p.35)
1935        An edition of Mark Twain’s notebooks was published. "If you tell the truth, you don’t have to remember anything."
    (WSJ, 1/26/96, A-11)
1935        Marguerite Veiller wrote her murder mystery play "The Two Mrs. Carrolls," under the pen name Martin Vale.
    (WSJ, 8/29/97, p.A9)
1935        Thomas Wolfe wrote his 2nd novel "Of Time and the River."
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, DB p.40)
1935        Mussolini exiled Carlo Levi (1902-1975), Italian journalist, artist and doctor. As a Jew and for his antifascist activities he was exiled until 1936 to two isolated villages in the province of Lucania.
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/clevi.htm)
1935        Stefan Zweig (1881-1942), Austrian novelist, wrote the libretto for the opera Die Schweigsame Frau (The Silent Woman) with music by Richard Strauss. It was banned by the Nazis and Zweig was driven into exile.
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.91)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stefan_Zweig)

1936        Jan 18, Author Rudyard Kipling (70) died in Burwash, England. His work included "Plain Tales from the Hills," "Barrack-Room Ballads," and the novel "Kim." In 2000 Harry Ricketts authored the biography "Rudyard Kipling: A Life." In 2009 Charles Allen authored “Kipling Sahib:  India and the Making of Rudyard Kipling 1865-1900."
    (AP, 1/18/00)(WSJ, 3/30/00, p.A28)(WSJ, 3/14/09, p.W8)

1936        Mar 28, Mario Vargas Llosa, Peruvian novelist (Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter, Death in the Andes), was born.
    (HN, 3/28/01)

1936        Mar 29, Judith Guest, novelist (Ordinary People), was born.
    (HN, 3/29/01)

1936        Mar 31, Marge Piercy, poet and novelist, was born.
    (HN, 3/31/01)

1936        Apr 28, Kenneth White, poet and essayist, was born.
    (HN, 4/28/01)

1936        May 28, Fred Chappell, poet and novelist, was born.
    (HN, 5/28/01)

1936        Jun 12, Karl Kraus (b.1874), Austrian writer and journalist, died. He was known as a satirist, essayist, aphorist, playwright and poet.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Kraus_%28writer%29)(Econ, 10/19/13, p.88)

1936        Jun 18, Maxim Gorkei (Aleksvey Maksimovich Pyeshkov [aka Gorky], b.1868], Russian dramatist, died. "A good man can be stupid and still be good. But a bad man must have brains."
    (WUD, 1994 p.611)(HN, 3/16/98)(AP, 2/23/01)(NG, 7/04, p.132)

1936        Jul 9, June Jordan, poet and author, was born.
    (HN, 7/9/98)

1936        Jul 22, Tom Robbins, novelist (Another Roadside Attraction, Even Cowgirls Get the Blues), was born.
    (HN, 7/22/02)

1936        Agatha Christie authored her novel “Murder in Mesopotamia." During the 1930s she accompanied her husband Max Mallowan, British archeologist, on excavations in southern Iraq and later wrote an account of their work titled “Come Tell Me How You Live" (1946).
    (MT, summer 2003, p.12)

1936        Graham Green (1904-1991), English writer, authored “Journey Without Maps," a travel account about a 350-mile, 4-week walk through the interior of Liberia and Sierra Leone in 1935.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Burnt-Out_Case)(Econ, 9/4/10, p.90)

1936        George Orwell wrote the novel "Keep the Aspidistra Flying." The 1998 film "A Merry War" was based on the novel.
    (SFC, 9/18/98, p.C10)(Econ, 8/17/13, p.70)

1936        John Dos Passos authored the “The Big Money," the third volume of his “U.S.A." trilogy.
    (WSJ, 3/20/09, p.W10)

1936        Israel Joshua Singer (b.1893), Polish-born writer and older brother of Isaac Bashevis Singer, authored his novel “The Brothers Ashkenazi." It was later considered to be the best Russian novel written in Yiddish.
    (WSJ, 2/7/09, p.W12)

1936        Samuel Morris Steward (1909-1993) authored his novel “Angels on the Bough," a depiction of a girl of easy virtue among Columbus, Ohio, bohemians. It got him fired from the State College of Washington.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phil_Andros)(SSFC, 8/22/10, p.F1)

1936         At its peak the WPA Federal Writers' Project employed nearly 6,700 people. In 1972 Jerre Mangione authored “The Dream and the Deal," an account of the project. In 2009 David A. Taylor authored “Soul of a People: The WPA Federal Writers' Project Uncovers Depression America."
    (WSJ, 2/17/09, p.A13)

1937        Mar 15, H.P. Lovecraft (b.1890), author of horror tales whose works included "The Color out of Space," died in Providence, RI.
    (HN, 8/20/98)(SSFC, 2/27/05, p.B1)

1937        Apr 13, Lanford Wilson, US playwright (Hot L Baltimore), was born.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1937        May 8, Thomas Pynchon, novelist (Gravity's Rainbow), was born.
    (HN, 5/7/02)

1937        May 10, Arthur Kopit, American playwright, was born.
    (HN, 5/10/02)

1937        May 13, Roger [Joseph] Zelazny, sci-fi author (6 Hugos, Chronicles of Amber), was born.
    (MC, 5/13/02)

1937        Jun 19, James M. Barrie (b.1860), Scottish writer (Dear Brutus, Peter Pan), died. In 2004 the film "Finding Neverland," was based on Barrie’s life.
    (www.angus.gov.uk)(AP, 9/5/04)

1937        Jul 3, Tom Stoppard, British author and dramatist, was born in Czechoslovakia. His plays include "Rosencrantz and Gilderstern are Dead" and "The Real Thing."
    (HN, 7/3/99)(MC, 7/3/02)

1937        Jul 18, Hunter S. Thompson (d.2005), journalist, was born in Louisville, Ky.
    (SFC, 2/21/05, p.A8)

1937        Aug 11, Edith Wharton (b.1862), American author, died in France. Her books included “The House of Mirth" (1905) and “Ethan Frome" (1911). In 1975 R.W.B. Lewis (d. 2002) authored the Pulitzer prize-winning "Edith Wharton: A Biography." In 2007 Hermione Lee authored “Edith Wharton."
    (SFC, 6/17/02, p.B5)(Econ, 1/27/07, p.85)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/wharton.htm)

1937        Leo Rosten (1908-1997) wrote "The Education of HYMAN KAPLAN" under the pseudonym Leonard Q. Ross. There were two sequels, one in 1959 and one in 1976. The original was turned into a Broadway production in 1968.
    (SFC, 2/21/97, p.A26)

1937        M.F.K. Fisher wrote "Serve It Forth," her first book on cooking. Her letters were published in 1997: "M.F.K. Fisher: A Life in Letters."
    (SFEC,12/21/97, BR p.4)

1937        C.S. Forester wrote "Captain Horatio Hornblower." Hornblower was loosely based on the life of Adm. Lord Nelson. Forester wrote 11 Hornblower books and also wrote "The African Queen." Hornblower was made into a 4-part A&E TV miniseries in 1999. The early Hornblower novels included "Beat to Quarters," "Ship of the Line," and "Flying Colours."
    (WSJ, 7/10/98, p.W10)(WSJ, 4/5/99, p.A20)

1937        Theodore Geisel (aka Dr. Seuss) published his book: "And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street."
    (Hem., 2/97, p.13)

1937        Zora Neale Hurston (1903-1960) wrote her novel: "Their Eyes were Watching God." It is about a young black woman from Florida who survives a bad marriage and finds true love with a younger man named Tea Cake. Cassette recordings were made in 1991. She also wrote her collected folktales "Mules and Men." She made some films during research trips on life in the South in 1928 and 1929.
    (SFC, 4/5/96, p.D-1)(SFC, 12/13/96, p.C8)

1937        Somerset Maughan authored his novel “Theater." In 2004 it was adopted as the comedy film “Being Julia."
    (WSJ, 10/15/04, p.W1)

1937        George Orwell (1903-1950) authored "The Road to Wigan Pier." The first half of this work documents his sociological investigations of Lancashire and Yorkshire in the industrial north of England before World War II. The second half is a long essay of his upbringing, and the development of his political conscience. It marked his 1st disagreement with mainstream Socialists.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Road_to_Wigan_Pier)(SFEC, 10/1/00, BR p.5)

1937        "The Yearling" by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (1896-1953) was published. It was illustrated by Edward Shenton.
    (SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)

1937        Olaf Stapledon (1886-1950), British philosopher and science fiction writer, authored “Star Maker."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olaf_Stapledon)

1937        Jerome Weidman (24) published "I Can Get It for You Wholesale." It was transformed into a musical in 1962. He wrote 22 novels, and many short stories and screenplays before he died in 1998.
    (SFC, 10/8/98, p.C4)

1938        Mar 12, John Ross, poet, historian and author, was born. He celebrated his 60th birthday in SF with friends at the Cafe Babar with much gusto and brouhaha.
    (EW)

1938        Apr 30, Larry [Van Cott] Niven, US sci-fi author (5 Hugo, Neutron Star), was born.
    (MC, 4/30/02)

1938        May 2, Pulitzer prize was awarded to Thornton Wilder (Our Town).
    (MC, 5/2/02)

1938        May 6, Dutch writer Maurits Dekker was sentenced to 50 days for "offending a friendly head of state" (Hitler).
    (MC, 5/6/02)

1938        Jun 25, Mary Hallock Foote (b1847), author and illustrator, died. Her 3 Leadville novels established her as a Western writer. On 2003 Darlis A. Miller authored “Mary Hallock Foote: Author-Illustrator of the American West.
    (AH, 6/03, p.62)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Hallock_Foote)

1938        Jul 18, Vladimir M. Kirshon (35), Russian playwright, was executed.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1938        Jul 21, Owen Wister (b.1860), novelist, died at his summer home in Rhode Island.  His 1902 novel "The Virginian" inspired 5 films. He had earlier begun a novel set in his native Philadelphia but stopped work on it when his wife died during childbirth on Aug 24, 1913.
    (HN, 7/14/01)(SFC, 1/9/02, p.D8)(AH, 10/02, p.20)

1938        Jul 28, Robert Hughes [Studley Forrest], writer, critic, was born in Australia.
    (SC, 7/28/02)

1938        Aug 25, Frederick Forsyth, author of thrillers, was born. His work included "The Day of the Jackal" (1971) and "The Odessa File."
    (HN, 8/25/00)

1938        Sep 15, Thomas Wolfe (b.1900), US writer (Look Homeward Angel), died in Baltimore.
    (http://www.britannica.com)

1938        Daphne Du Maurier (1907-1989), English writer, authored her novel “Rebecca."
    (WSJ, 8/2/08, p.W4)

1938        Ted Geisel (1904-1991), aka Dr. Seuss, authored “The 500 Hats of Bartholomew Cubbins."
    (SFC, 9/6/13, p.E2)

1938        Julien Gracq (1910-2007), French writer, published "Au chateau d'Argol" (The Castle of Argol). It was favorably reviewed by the Surrealist leader Andre Breton, who became a friend and a strong influence.
    (AP, 12/23/07)

1938        Evelyn Waugh (1903-1966), English writer, authored his novel “Scoop."
    (Econ, 5/15/10, p.91)

1939        Apr 11, SS Van Dine (50), [William Huntingdon Wright], detective writer, died.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1939        Apr 12, Alan Ayckbourn, playwright, was born in London.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1939        Apr 13, Seamus Heaney, Irish poet, Nobel laureate, was born.
    (HN, 4/13/01)

1939        Apr 14, The John Steinbeck novel "The Grapes of Wrath" was first published.
    (SFEC, 11/3/96, DB p.71)(AP, 4/14/97)

1939        May 4, Amos Oz, Israeli novelist (The Black Box, The Third State), was born.
    (HN, 5/4/01)

1939        May 27, Joseph Roth, Austrian-born Jewish writer, died in Paris. His books included “Radetzkymarsch" (The Radetzky March) (1932), a novel of the Habsburg empire from 1859-1916 and “The Auto-da-Fe of the Mind."
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/jroth.htm)

1939        May 29, Nanette Newman, writer, actress (Endless Game, Of Human Bondage), was born.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1939        Jul 23, Nicholas Gage, journalist and author (Eleni), was born.
    (HN, 7/23/02)

1939        Aug 23, Zane Grey (b.1872), American novelist, died. He best known for his popular adventure novels and stories that presented an idealized image of the rugged Old West. He authored over 90 books, some published posthumously and/or based on serials originally published in magazines. Grey was one of the first millionaire authors.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zane_Grey)

1939        Raymond Chandler introduced detective Philip Marlowe in the mystery novel "The Big Sleep."
    (SFC, 7/9/97, p.D5)(WSJ, 8/26/06, p.P14)

1939        Dalton Trumbo (1905-1976), US writer, authored “Johnny Got His Gun."
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAtrumbo.htm)

1939        Nathanael West (1902-1940) wrote his last novel "The Day of the Locust." It was made into a film in 1975.
    (WSJ, 8/11/97, p.A12)(SFEC,12/21/97, DB p.58)

1939-1971    California maintained a Senate Fact-Finding Subcommittee on Un-American Activities. Files on some 20,000 Californians were declared still closed to the public in 1998.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.A20)

1940        Mar 10, David Rabe, playwright (Sticks and Bones, Hurlyburly), was born.
    (HN, 3/10/01)
1940        Mar 10, Mikhail Bulgakov (b.1891), Russian author, died in Moscow. His  novel “The Master and Margarita," which satirized life under Stalin, was written between 1928 and the author’s death. It was not published until 1966-67 in the Russian journal Moskva, with some 60 pages cut.
    (Econ, 3/13/04, p.86)(WSJ, 1/3/09, p.W6)

1940        Mar 16, Selma Lagerdorf (b.1858), Swedish Nobel prize winning novelist (1909), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selma_Lagerl%C3%B6f)

1940        Apr 15, Jeffrey Archer, English novelist and politician (Kane and Abel, Honor Among Thieves), was born.
    (HN, 4/15/01)

1940        May 1, Bobbie Ann Mason, American writer (Shiloh and Other Stories, In Country), was born.
    (HN, 5/1/01)

1940        May 6, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to John Steinbeck (Grapes of Wrath).
    (MC, 5/6/02)

1940        May 8, Peter Benchley, novelist (Jaws, The Deep), was born.
    (HN, 5/7/02)

1940        May 24, Joseph Brodsky, author (Less than 1, Nobel 1987), was born in the USSR.
    (MC, 5/24/02)

1940        May 28, Maeve Binchy, Irish writer (Circle of Friends, The Copper Beach), was born.
    (HN, 5/28/01)

1940        Jun 16, Dubose Heyward, US writer (Porgy, Star Spangled Virgin), died.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1940        Jul 23, John Nichols, novelist and essayist (The Milagro Beanfield War), was born.
    (HN, 7/23/02)

1940        Jul 27, Bharati Mukherjee, Indian novelist (The Middleman and Other Stories), was born.
    (HN, 7/27/01)

1940        Oct 21, Ernest Hemingway's novel "For Whom the Bell Tolls" was published.
    (HN, 10/21/00)

1940        Dec 21, F. Scott Fitzgerald (44), American author (Zelda, The Great Gatsby), died of a heart attack.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F._Scott_Fitzgerald)

1940        Dec 22, Nathanael West (b.1902), [Weinstein], US writer (Cool Million), died in an auto accident at age 37. In 1962 Stanley Edgar Hyman authored “Nathanael West." In 1970 Jay Martin authored the biography: "Nathanael West: The Art of His Life." In 2010 Marion Meade authored “Lonely Hearts: The Screwball world of Nathanael West and Eileen McKeney."
    (WUD, 1994, p.1623)(WSJ, 8/11/97, p.A12)(SFC, 5/25/10, p.E2)

1940        Denis de Rougemont (1906-1985), Swiss writer who wrote in French, authored “Love in the Western World," a sweeping history of 8 centuries of romantic passion.
    (WSJ, 1/5/08, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denis_de_Rougemont)
1940        John Steinbeck journeyed aboard the Western Flyer, a chartered 76-foot sardine boat, to the Sea of Cortez. He traveled with his wife and Edward "Doc" Ricketts, a marine biologist, who wrote "Between Pacific Tides," a classic field guide to the Pacific Coast intertidal zone. Steinbeck’s "Log from the Sea of Cortez" was published in (1951).
    (SFEC, 5/18/97, p.T8)(PacDis, Summer ’97, p.6)(SFC, 2/7/13, p.D5)
1940        Rebecca West authored “Black Lamb and Grey Falcon," an account of her travels in Yugoslavia beginning in 1936.
    (West, BLGC, single volume 1943 ed.)

1941        Jan 13, James Joyce, Irish-born novelist, died in Zurich, Switzerland. In 1983 Richard Ellmann authored the 900-page "James Joyce" biography. In 1999 Edna O'Brien authored the pocket bio "James Joyce."
    (AP, 1/13/98)(SFC, 12/9/99, p.B1)

1941        Feb 19, George Orwell published his essay “The Lion and the Unicorn: Socialism and the English Genius," expressing his opinions on the situation in wartime Britain.
    (Econ, 2/2/13, SR p.5)(http://tinyurl.com/cg953fv)

1941        Mar 28, Novelist and critic Virginia Woolf (1882-1941), born as Virginia Stephen, died in Lewes, England. She feared a mental breakdown and threw herself into the River Ouse near her home in Sussex. Her body was never found. She was an English novelist, essayist and critic and wrote standing up. In 1997 "Art and Affection, A Life of Virginia Woolf" was published. In 1997 a biography by Hermione Lee was published.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1643)(SFC, 6/23/96, zone 1 p.2)(SFEM, 1/12/97, BR p.7)(AP, 3/28/97)(SFEC, 6/22/97, BR p.8)(HN, 3/28/01)

1941        Apr 8, Eugene-Marcel Prevost, novelist, died.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1941        Apr 10, Paul Theroux, author (The Great Railway Bazaar), was born.
    (HN, 4/10/01)

1941        Apr 11, Ellen Goodman, Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist, was born.
    (HN, 4/11/01)

1941        May 5, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Robert E Sherwood (There shall be no night).
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1941        Jul 16, Dag Solstad, Norwegian novelist and playwright, was born.
    (HN, 7/16/01)

1941        Sep 10, Stephen Jay Gould (d.2002), biologist, paleontologist and writer, was born in NYC. His books included “Time’s Cycle" and “The Panda’s Thumb."
    (HN, 9/10/00)(SFC, 5/21/02, p.A6)

1941        Jorge Amado (1912-2001), Brazilian Communist novelist, was exiled to Argentina.
    (SFC, 8/9/01, p.D2)

1941        Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian poet, was born in a village that later became part of Israel. His later work included the poem "State of Siege." In 2003 "Unfortunately It Was Paradise," a translation of his work into English, was published
    (SSFC, 11/3/02, p.D6)

1941        James Hilton authored “Random Harvest." It was turned into a 1942 film starring Ronald Colman and Greer Garson and  directed by Mervyn LeRoy.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mervyn_LeRoy)

1941        Arthur Koestler (1905-1983), Hungarian novelist and essayist, authored “Darkness at Noon," a story of life in Stalin’s Russia.
    (HN, 9/5/98)(SFEC, 1/2/00, BR p.5)(WSJ, 8/26/06, p.P8)

1941        Janet Lewis (1899-1998) published "The Wife of Martin Guerre," a historical novel on about 16th century France. The story was turned into an opera in 1961 with music by William Bergsma. In 1984 a French film version was released "The Return of Martin Guere." An American version, "Somersby," was made in 1993 set during the Civil War.
    (SFC, 12/5/98, p.C2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Guerre)

1941        H.L. Mencken (1880-1956) published the 2nd volume of his “Days" trilogy, “Newspaper Days." The first volume was “Happy Days" and the 3rd was “Heathen Days."
    (WSJ, 9/29/07, p.W8)

1941        British writer Rebecca West, pen name for Cicely Isabel Fairfield (1892-1983), authored “Black Lamb and Grey Falcon," on the history and culture of Yugoslavia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rebecca_West)

1942        Feb 23, Stefan Zweig (b.1881), Austrian Jewish writer (Die Welt von Gestern), committed suicide with his wife in Brazil. Zweig's nostalgic but rather impersonal memoirs of the "Golden Age of Security", The World of Yesterday, was published posthumously in 1943. His last novel (The Ecstasy of Transformation) was published posthumously in Germany in 1982. In 2008 it was translated into English as “The Post-Office Girl." In 2014 George Prochnik authored “The Impossible Exile: Stefan Zweig at the End of the World."
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/szweig.htm)(WSJ, 6/21/08, p.W9)(Econ, 5/23/09, p.91)(Econ, 6/14/14, p.76)

1942        Mar 26, Erica Jong [Mann], poet, novelist (Fear of Flying, How to Save Your Own Life), was born in NYC.
    (HN, 3/26/01)(SS, 3/26/02)

1942        May 6, Ariel Dorfman, Chilean writer (Death and the Maiden), was born.
    (HN, 5/6/01)

1942        Aug 7, Garrison Keillor, American humorist and writer, was born.
    (HN, 8/7/00)

1942        Aug, Irene Nemirovsky (39), French-Jewish author, died at Auschwitz. She had recently authored "Suite Francaise" while waiting in rural France for what she knew was her imminent arrest and deportation. It is a powerful account of the effect on ordinary people of the military collapse of June 1940, the panicked flight from Paris and the arrival of the German army. It was finally published in France in 2004 and Nemirovsky was awarded a top French literary award. In 2006 Jonathan Weiss authored “Irene Nemirovsky: Her Life and Works."
    (AFP, 11/8/04)(SSFC, 9/24/06, p.M1)(SSFC, 5/16/10, p.F5)

1942        Nov 19, Bruno Schulz (b.1892), Polish writer and graphic artist, was shot dead by a German officer, a rival of Schulz’s German protector. In 1992 Theatre de Complicite created their play “The Street of Crocodiles" based on the life and work of Schulz.
    (Econ, 9/1/07, p.76)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruno_Schulz)

1942        Albert Camus (1913-1960), Algeria-born French writer, authored "The Stranger" and "The Myth of Sisyphus." He established himself as a spokesman for a philosophy of the absurd along with Jean-Paul Sartre.
    (WSJ, 12/12/97, p.A16)(WSJ, 10/21/06, p.P14)

1942        Alfred Kazin (1915-1998) authored “On Native Grounds," a history of the rise of literary realism in America.
    (WSJ, 1/12/08, p.W9)(www.nybooks.com/articles/article-preview?article_id=784)

1942        Lev Nussimbaum (37), Orientalist and writer (aka Essad Bey or Kurban Said), died in Italy, while researching a biography of Mussolini. In 2005 Tom Reiss authored “The Orientalist," a biography of Nussimbaum, whose books included the novel “Ali and Nino" (1937), translated to English in 1970.
    (WSJ, 2/17/05, p.D8)(SSFC, 3/6/05, p.B3)

1942        Robert St. John (1902-2003), American war journalist, authored "From the Land of Silent People," an account of his war experiences in the Balkans.
    (SFC, 2/10/03, p.B5)

1943        Apr 22, Louise Gluck, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, was born.
    (HN, 4/22/01)

1943        Apr 30, Beatrice Potter Webb (b.1858), British socialist, reformer and writer, died. Her books included  “My Apprenticeship" (1943).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beatrice_Webb)

1943        May 7, Peter Carey, Australian writer (Illywhacker, Oscar and Lucinda), was born.
    (HN, 5/7/02)

1943        May 23, Thomas Mann began writing his novel Dr. Faustus.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1943        Jul 21, Tess Gallagher, American writer, was born.
    (HN, 7/21/02)

1943        Sep 12, Michael Ondaatje, Canadian novelist and poet, was born. His work included "The English Patient."
    (HN, 9/12/00)

1943        Oct 7, Radclyffe Hall (b.1880), English author of the lesbian classic "The Well of Loneliness" (1928), died. The book was the subject of an obscenity trial in Britain which resulted in all copies being ordered destroyed.
    (AP, 9/29/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radclyffe_Hall)

1943        Dec 22, Beatrix Potter (b.1866), English author, died. She first told the story of Peter Rabbit in the form of a "picture letter" to Noel Moore, the son of Potter's former governess in 1893. A 2nd illustrated letter the same month later became “The Tale of Jeremy Fisher." The “Tale of Peter Rabbit" was published in 1901. At her death she bequeathed all her holdings, 14 farms and 4,000 acres of land, to the National Trust.
    (Econ, 1/6/07, p.67)(www.visitcumbria.com/bpotter.htm)

1944        Jan 6, Ida M. Tarbell (b.1857), teacher, author and muckraking journalist, died in Connecticut. She is best-known for her 1904 book “The History of the Standard Oil Company."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ida_Tarbell)

1944        May 14, George Lucas, writer and director, was born in Modesto, Ca. He is best remembered for his Star Wars trilogy.
    (HN, 5/14/99)(MC, 5/14/02)

1944        May 16, Max Brand, [Frederick Schiller Faust], western author, died.
    (MC, 5/16/02)

1944        Jul 15, In Amsterdam Anne Frank (1929-1945) entered this in her diary: "In spite of everything I still believe that people are really good at heart." In 1998 5 additional pages to her diary were reported. She died of typhoid in the spring of 1945 at the Bergen-Belson concentration camp.
    (AP, 8/4/98)(SFC, 8/19/98, p.A16)

1944        Jul 23, Lisa Alther, novelist (Kinflicks), was born.
    (HN, 7/23/02)

1944        Jul 31, Antoine de Saint-Exupery (44), author of "The Little Prince," died in a plane crash during reconnaissance off Marseilles. In 1949 Nelly de Vogue, his longtime mistress, authored the 1st Exupery biography. In 2001 a memoir by his widow, Consuelo de Saint-Exupery (d.1979) titled "The Tale of the Rose: The Passion That Inspired the Little Prince," was published. Saint-Exupery's plane was found in 2004.
    (SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)(SFEC, 5/28/00, p.A15)(SSFC, 8/5/01, DB p.63)(SFC, 4/8/04, p.A2)

1944        Theodore Adorno and Max Horkheimer authored “Dialectic of Enlightenment," which examined the culture that gave birth to Auschwitz. This became the founding text of the post modern writers (pomos), later represented by Jean-Francois Lyotard, Roland Barthes, Michel Foucault and Jacques Derrida.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.106)
1944        Hans Fallada (1893-1947), German writer, was confined to a psychiatric prison after taken a shot at his wife. In 2015 his prison diary was publiched as “A Stranger in My Own Country: The 1944 Prison Diary."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Fallada)
1944        Charles Jackson (1903-1968), American writer, authored his novel “The Lost Weekend."
    (SSFC, 3/24/13, p.F2)

1945        Apr 27, August Wilson, US playwright (Fences, Pulitzer 1987), was born.
    (MC, 4/27/02)

1945        Apr 30, Annie Dillard, writer (Pilgrim at Tinker Creek), was born.
    (HN, 4/30/01)

1945        May 5, Ezra Pound, poet and author, was arrested by American Army soldiers in Italy for treason. He had served during the war as a pro-fascist and anti-Semitic spokesman for the Mussolini government.
    (NPR, 5/5/95 interview with the sergeant who arrested Mr. Pound.)

1945        May 7, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to John Hersey (Bell for Adano).
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1945        Jul 9, Dean R[ay] Koontz, US author (Star Quest, Beastchild), was born.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1945        Aug 26, Franz Werfel (54), Czech-German-US poet, writer (Mirror Man), died.
    (MC, 8/26/02)

1945        Aug, George Orwell published "Animal Farm" in England.
    (SFEC, 10/1/00, BR p.5)

1945        Oct 8, Felix Salten (b.1869), Austrian writer and the creator of Disney’s Bambi (1923), died in Switzerland. In 1906 he authored the novel Josephine Mutzenbacher, the fictional autobiography of a Vienna prostitute, a notorious pornographic novel.
    {Austria, Writer, Switzerland}
    (Econ, 11/8/08, p.102)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Salten)

1945        Chester Himes authored "If He Hollers Let Him Go," an exploration of work-place racism.
    (SFC, 5/9/03, p.E7)

1945        Carmen Laforet (23), Spanish writer, authored her first novel “Nada" (Nothing). It was set in Spain during the 1930s and conveyed the crushing weight of war through its characters. An English translation became available in 2007.
    (SFC, 3/2/07, p.E7)

1945        Carlo Levi (1902-1975), Italian journalist, artist and doctor, authored “Christ Stopped at Eboli," his first documentary novel.
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/clevi.htm)   

1945        Karl Popper (1902-1994) authored “The Open Society and Its Enemies." “Unlimited tolerance must led to the disappearance of tolerance."
    (WSJ, 9/9/06, p.P8)

1945        Nevil Shute authored “Most Secret," a novel about a French-crewed trawler that uses a flame thrower against a German gunboat during WW II.
    (SFC, 10/28/06, p.P12)

1945        George R. Stewart, novelist and co-founder of the American name Society authored "Names on the Land," a work of onomastics and patriotic toponymy.
    (WSJ, 7/19/08, p.W9)

1946        May 6, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Arthur M. Schlesinger ("Age of Jackson").
    (MC, 5/6/02)

1946        May 25, Janet E[llen] Morris, US sci-fi author (Golden Sword, Tempus), was born.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1946        Jul 4, Ron Kovic, disabled Vietnam veteran, author (Born on 4th of July), was born.
    (MC, 7/4/02)

1946        Jul 27, Gertrude Stein (72), US-French author, poet (Ida, Tender Buttons), died in France. Her work included the murder mystery "Blood on the Dining-Room Floor" and “The Biography of Alice B. Toklas" (1933). She once said of Oakland, Ca.: "There is no there there." Painter Francis Rose carved the headstone on her grave at the Pere Lachaise cemetery. A biography of Stein by Linda Wagner-Martin was published in 1996 titled "Favored Strangers." In 2007 Janet Malcolm authored “Two Lives: Gertrude and Alice."
    (SFC, 6/9/96, Z1 p.5)(WSJ, 10/5/99, p.A24)(WSJ, 9/25/07, p.D6)

1946        Aug 13, H.G. Wells (b.1866), sci-fi author (Time Machine), died in London.
    (AP, 8/13/00)

1946        Hermann Hesse (1877-1962), Swiss-born German philosopher poet and author, was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature "for his inspired writings which, growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style."
    (http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1946/)

1946        Curzio Malaparte, an Italian fascist intellectual, authored “Kaputt," an autobiographical novel that described the cruelty of Nazi fanaticism.
    (WSJ, 1/19/08, p.W8)

1946        George Mikes (1912-1987), a Hungarian living in England, published “How to Be An Alien." It was about a foreigner’s view of England.
    (Econ, 12/19/09, p.110)

1946        The Gormenghast series of three novels by English writer Mervyn Peake (1911-1968) began with “Titus Groan," which was followed by Gormenghast (1950) and Titus Alone (1959). They featured Castle Gormenghast, and Titus Groan, the title character of the first book.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gormenghast_%28series%29)

1946        Robert Penn Warren (1905-1989) published his Pulitzer Prize winning novel "All the King’s Men." It was based on the life of Huey Long of Louisiana. In 1949 it was turned into a movie. In 1997 Joseph Blotner wrote Warren’s biography.
    (WSJ, 8/26/06, p.P8)(WSJ, 9/23/06, p.P12)

1947        Mar 9, Keri Hulme, New Zealand novelist (The Bone People), was born.
    (HN, 3/9/01)

1947        May 5, Pulitzer prize was awarded to Robert Penn Warren (All the King's Men).
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1947        May 23, Jane Kenyon, poet (Let Evening Come, Otherwise), was born.
    (HN, 5/23/01)

1947        Aug 14, Daniele Steel, author (Remembrance, Zoya, Star, Daddy), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1947        Sep 8, Ann Beattie, writer, was born. Her work included “Chilly Scenes of Winter" and “Picturing Will."
    (HN, 9/8/00)

1947        Sep 21, Stephen King, author, was born in Portland, Maine. He is best known for supernatural and horror tales including Carrie (1974), Shining (1977) and Kujo (1981).
    (HN, 9/21/00)(SSFC, 7/2/06, Par p.16)

1947        Oct 16, Balys Sruoga, Lithuanian writer, died. He wrote many dramatic works and poetry during his life, but his best known work is the novel "The Forest of Gods" (Dievų miškas), based on his own life experiences as a prisoner in Nazi German concentration camps, where he was sent in March 1943 together with other forty-seven Lithuanian intellectuals.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balys_Sruoga)

1947        Dec 15, Arthur Machen (b.1863), Welsh author of classic horror stories, died.
    (WSJ, 10/30/07, p.D6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Machen)

1947        Vance Bourjaily (d.2010 at 87), Ohio-born author of Lebanese immigrants, published his first novel “The End of Life."
    (SFC, 9/17/10, p.C5)
1947        Willa Cather, American writer, died. She grew up in Nebraska and spent time in NYC as an editor. She wrote over 15 books including: "O, Pioneers!" "My Antonia" (1918) and "The Song of the Lark." In 2000 Joan Acocella authored "Willa Cather and the Politics of Criticism.’
    (WUD, 1994, p.233)(RBI, 1989)(SFEC, 4/2/00, BR p.4)
1947        Hans Fallada (1893-1947), German writer, authored “Every Man Dies Alone." This was one of the first anti-Nazi novels to be published by a German after World War II.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Every_Man_Dies_Alone)

1948        Mar 5, Leslie Marmon Silko, writer (Ceremony), was born.
    (HN, 3/5/01)

1948        Jun 4, Hugh Kenner (d.2003 at 80) met for the 1st time with Ezra Pound in a Washington-area mental facility. Pound became his mentor and directed him in a number of literary efforts. In 1951 Kenner turned his thesis into the book: "The Poetry of Ezra Pound." In 1971 Kenner authored "The Pound Era."
    (SSFC, 11/30/03, p.A31)

1948        Elizabeth Bowen (1899-1973), Irish-British writer, authored “The Heat of the Day." It was set amidst the London Blitz of WWII.
    (Econ, 7/13/13, p.74)

1948        Govindas Vishnoodas Desani (1909-2000), Kenya-born Pakistani writer in England, authored “All About Hatterr," his novel of an absurdist and mystical odyssey in India. In 1968 he was invited to teach at the Univ. of Texas and spent 11 years there.
    (SSFC, 12/2/07, p.M1)

1948        John R. Tunis authored “Highpockets," a novel centered around baseball.
    (WSJ, 3/31/07, p.P10)

1949        Apr 12, Scott Turow, writer and attorney, was born.
    (HN, 4/12/01)

1949        May 2, Arthur Miller won Pulitzer Prize for "Death of a Salesman."
    (MC, 5/2/02)

1949        May 4, Graham Swift, British novelist (The Sweet Shop Owner, Out of this World), was born.
    (HN, 5/4/01)

1949        May 6, P.M.B. Maurice Maeterlinck (b.1862), Belgian philosopher, playwright (Grand Fairie) and essayist, died in Nice, France. He won the 1911 Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (WUD, 1994, p.861)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurice_Maeterlinck)

1949        Aug 16, Margaret Mitchell (48), US writer (Gone With the Wind), died.
    (MC, 8/16/02)

1949        Aug 25, Martin Amis, English novelist, was born. His work included "Money, Time’s Arrow."
    (HN, 8/25/00)

1949        Oct 29, George Ivanovich Gurdjieff (b.~1866), a Greek-Armenian mystic and spiritual teacher, died in France. His books included “Meetings with Remarkable Men," the 2nd volume of his “All and Everything" trilogy.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G._I._Gurdjieff)

1949        Dorothy Bussy (d.1960), English novelist and translator, wrote her novella “Olivia.“ Writer Lytton Strachey and translator of Freud, James Strachey, were her brothers.
    (WSJ, 7/8/06, p.P8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorothy_Bussy)

1949        John Gunther, journalist and novelist, authored “Death Be Not Proud," an account of his 17-year-old son’s battle with a brain tumor that ultimately took his life.
    (WSJ, 1/26/08, p.W8)

1949        George Orwell’s (1903-1950) novel "Nineteen Eighty-Four" was published. He was inspired by the Russian author Yevgeny Zamyatin, who wrote an antiutopian novel warning against intoxication with technology. Orwell asserted that technology is an instrument of tyranny. In his novel Orwell described a machine called a versificator that generated music for the masses. “Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present, controls the past."
    (WSJ, 11/4/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R14)(Econ, 6/10/06, Survey p.6)(Econ, 9/15/07, p.70)

1949        George R. Stewart authored "Earth Abides," a novel that imagined the SF Bay Area after humans are driven away by plagues.
    (SSFC, 10/27/02, p.M1)

1950        Jan 21, George Orwell (46), author, died in London of tuberculosis. His books included Down and Out in Paris and London" (1933) and "1984." William Abrahams (d.1998), editor and novelist, co-authored the 2-volume biography of Orwell: "Life, Death and Art in the Second World War," and "Journey to the Frontier" with Peter Stansky. In 2000 Jeffrey Meyers authored the biography "Orwell: Wintry Conscience of a Generation." Orwell married Sonia Brownell (1918-1980) on his deathbed. In 2003 Hilary Spurling authored "The Gril from the Fiction Department," a biography of Sonia Orwell. In 2003 D.J. Taylor authored "Orwell : The Life."
    (AP, 1/21/98)(SFC, 6/5/98, p.D7)(SFC, 6/25/98, p.B12)(SFEC, 10/1/00, BR p.5)(WSJ, 5/16/03, p.W10)(SSFC, 9/28/03, p.M2)

1950        Mar 19, Edgar Rice Burroughs (74), sci-fi author and the creator of Tarzan, died. He wrote 24 Tarzan novels and 50 other thrillers. In 1999 John Taliaferro authored the biography "Tarzan Forever."
    (SFEC, 5/9/99, Par p.8)(MC, 3/19/02)

1950        May 1, Gwendolyn Brooks became the first African American to win the Pulitzer Prize for her book of poetry called "Annie Allen."
    (HN, 5/1/99)

1950        May 6, Agnes Smedley, American journalist and writer, died. She was best known for her chronicling of the Chinese revolution.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States)

1950        Jul 18, Carl Clinton Van Doren (64), US literary (The Nation), died.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1950        Isaac Asimov published “I, Robot," a book of short stories. In the book he wrote the Three Laws of Robotics, which were designed to prevent robots from harming people.
    (Econ, 6/10/06, Survey p.18)
1950        L. Ron Hubbard, founder of Scientology, authored his sci-fi novel “To the Stars."
    (SSFC, 12/26/04, p.E2)
1950        German writer Ernst Juenger (1895-1998) went into a self-imposed exile in Wilflingen where he wrote over 50 books.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.A18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernst_J%C3%BCnger)
1950        Milan Kundera (b.1929), later renowned as a Czech writer, informed on Miroslav Dvoracek, who had been recruited in Germany by the Czech emigre intelligence network to work as a spy against the Communist regime. Dvoracek was later sentenced to 22 years in prison and eventually served 14, working in uranium mines. Kundera had joined the Communist Party as a student, but was later expelled after criticizing its totalitarian nature. This information was only made public in 2008.
    (AP, 10/13/08)(Econ, 10/18/08, p.98)
1950        Doris Lessing, British writer, authored “The Grass Is Singing," a novel of race in Rhodesia and the effect that harsh colonial experience had on both oppressor and oppressed.
    (Econ, 10/23/10, p.101)
1950        Octavio Paz (36), poet and essayist, published "The Labyrinth of Solitude," his classical study of the Mexican character.
    (SFC, 4/20/98, p.A17)(Econ, 11/18/06, Survey p.4)
1950      Mervyn Peake (1911-1968) authored his fantasy novel “Gormenghast." It was the 2nd of a 3-novel cycle. The first was “Titus Groan" (1946) and the 3rd was “Titus Alone" (1959).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gormenghast_series)
1950        The first German Book Trade Peace Prize was awarded to Max Tau (Adolf Grimme).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace_Prize_of_the_German_Book_Trade)

1951         Jan 10, [Harry] Sinclair Lewis (65), American author of 23 novels and 3 plays (Nobel 1930), died in Rome of a nervous disorder. In 2002 Richard Lingeman authored "Sinclair Lewis: Rebel from Main Street."
    (HNQ, 5/18/98)(WSJ, 1/18/02, p.W8)

1951        Mar 19, Herman Wouk’s war novel "The Caine Mutiny" was first published.
    (AP, 3/19/01)

1951        May 7, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Conrad Richter (The Town).
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1951        Jul 10, In San Francisco Dashiell Hammett, mystery writer, was sentenced to 6 months in prison for refusing to tell where the Communist party got its bail money. Hammett, who was born in Maryland in 1894, was a Pinkerton detective for eight years and served in the Ambulance Corps in World War I before he began his writing career. Author of The Maltese Falcon (1930) and The Thin Man (1932), Hammett became heavily involved in left-wing political activity in 1934. He was later a trustee of the Civil Rights Congress. Hammett died in 1961.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, WBb p.8)(HNPD, 9/24/98)

1951        Jul 16, "The Catcher in the Rye," a coming-of-age novel by J.D. Salinger (1919-2010), was first published. Holden Caulfield, the main character, became recognized as the quintessential American teenager.
    (SFC, 1/17/97, p.D7)(AP, 7/16/98)(WSJ, 12/15/07, p.W10)(SFC, 1/29/10, p.A1)

1951        Aug 1, Jim Carroll, musician and writer of "The Basketball Diaries," was born
    (HN, 8/1/00)

1951        Aug 24, Oscar Hijeulos, novelist, was born. His work included "The Mambo Kings play Songs of Love."
    (HN, 8/24/00)

1951        Sep 6, William Burroughs (1914-1997), American writer, shot and killed his wife Joan Vollmer (27) in Mexico City. He claimed to be trying to shoot a glass off her head, a la William Tell, during a day of drinking and drugs but shot her in the head.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.B6)(Internet)

1951        Isaac Asimov authored his sci-fi novel “Foundation" (1951), the first of trilogy that began as a series of short stories published from 1942-1950. It imagined a science called psycho-history which enabled practitioners to precisely predict the behavior of large groups of people.
    (Econ, 2/23/13, p.76)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foundation_series)

1951        Albert Camus (1913-1960), Algeria-born French novelist, wrote "The Rebel." The book asserted a revolt against absurd nonsense and against commitments indifferent to the suffering that revolutionary steamrollers caused.
    (WSJ, 12/12/97, p.A16)(Econ, 1/9/10, p.83)

1951        William Faulkner authored “Requiem for a Nun." The past is never dead, it’s not even past."
    (Econ, 7/17/10, p.87)

1951        Graham Greene, English novelist, authored “The End of the Affair."
    (Econ, 7/13/13, p.74)

1951        Vladimir Nabokov (1899-1977) published his memoir under the title “Conclusive Evidence." In 1996 it was republished as “Vladimir Nabokov: Novels and Memoirs 1941-1951: The Real Life of Sebastian Knight, Bend Sinister, Speak, Memory," in a 3-volume set. The individual chapters had been published from 1936-1951.
    (Econ, 9/5/09, p.62)(www.loa.org/volume.jsp?RequestID=8&section=notes)

1951        John Steinbeck authored "The Log from the Sea of Cortez" based on a 1940 trip he made there with marine biologist Doc Ricketts (d.1948). He also wrote most of "East of Eden" in his Manhattan townhouse and Long Island beach retreat.
    (SFC, 2/22/02, p.A21)(SFC, 10/15/03, p.D1)

1951        T.H. White (1906-1964), English writer, authored “The Goshawk," and account of his self struggles and the bird he called Gos.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T._H._White)

1952        Feb 16, Jan Kerouac (d.1996), novelist daughter of Jack Kerouac, was born. Her books included "Baby Driver" (1981) and "Trainsong" (1988).
    (SFC, 6/7/96, p.A22)( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Kerouac)

1952        Feb 19, Knut Hamsun (b.1859), Norwegian writer, died. He won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1920. His work included "From the Cultural Life in Modern America" (1889), "Hunger," "The Growth of the Soil," "Victoria," and "An Overgrown Path." A film portrait of his life was produced in 1997. In 2009 Ingar Sletten Kolloen authored “Knut Hamsun: Dreamer and Dissenter."
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, DB p.47-49)(Econ, 11/7/09, p.79)

1952        Mar 11, Douglas Adams, British writer, (The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy), was born.
    (HN, 3/11/01)

1952        May 5, A Pulitzer prize awarded to Herman Wouk (Caine Mutiny).
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1952        May 8, Beth Henley, Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright (Crimes of the Heart), was born.
    (HN, 5/7/02)

1952        May 29, Louise Cooper, sci-fi author (Nemesis, Inferno, Infanta, Nocturne), was born in UK.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1952        Jun 7, Orhan Pamuk, Turkish novelist, was born in Istanbul. In 2003 he won the IMPACV Dublin Literary Award for his book "My Name Is Red." In 2004 he authored the highly acclaimed “Snow."
    (WSJ, 8/13/03, p.D4)(SFC, 10/20/04, p.E1)

1952        Sep 8, The Ernest Hemingway novel "The Old Man and the Sea" was published. Hemingway won the Pulitzer Prize for the work in 1953.
    (TL, 1988, p.114)(SFEC, 7/18/99, p.D5) (AP, 9/8/99)

1952        Samuel Beckett published his play "Waiting for Godot." It was 1st produced in Paris in 1953.
    (SFEM, 9/10/00, p.7)

1952        Arthur Laurent wrote his play "The Time of the Cuckoo."
    (WSJ, 2/23/00, p.A20)

1952        Paul Bowles (b.1910) published his novel: "Let It Come Down."
    (SFC, 7/12/99, p.E3)

1952        Whitaker Chambers authored "Witness," a chronicle of his role in the Alger Hiss case. In it he declared that the essence of communism lay in its vision of mankind emancipated from God.
    (WSJ, 7/20/01, p.W15)

1952        Barnaby Conrad (1922-2013) authored the bestseller "Matador," about the life of Manolete, Spain's greatest bullfighter. He later used royalties from the book to move back to San Francisco and open his El Matador saloon.
    (SSFC, 11/16/03, p.E3)(SSFC, 2/17/13, p.C12)

1952        Jacques Cousteau wrote "The Silent World." It was made into a film that gave Cousteau the first of 3 Academy Awards.
    (SFC, 6/26/97, p.A7)

1952        Philip K. Dick (d.1982) wrote his short story "Paycheck." It was optioned for a movie in 1999.
    (WSJ, 4/27/99, p.A20)

1952        Ralph Ellison (1914-1994) wrote his classic novel "Invisible Man." It chronicled the harrowing travels of a nameless black man in the South and New York’s Harlem.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, BR p.2)(SFC, 12/6/05, p.B5)

1952        Maria Flores wrote "The Woman With the Whip," a biography of Eva Peron.
    (WSJ, 11/14/96, p.A20)

1952        Che Guevara chronicled his motorcycle trip around South America on a Norton 500. His memoir was published as "The Motorcycle Diaries."
    (SFC, 5/12/96, Z1p.4)

1952        Charles Einstein (1926-2007), sportswriter and author, wrote “Bloody Spur," based on the crimes of William Heirens, the “Lipstick Killer," who terrorized Chicago in the mid-1940s. In 1956 Fritz Lang made the book into a film noir set in NYC called “While the City Sleeps."
    (SSFC, 3/11/07, p.B6)

1952        Prof. Charles M. Hardin (1908-1997) wrote "The Politics of Agriculture."
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.E2)

1952        Black author Chester Himes (d.1984) published his book "Cast the First Stone," a somber tale of prison life. He had written it in 1937 under the title "Yesterday Will Make You Cry."
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, BR p.7)(SSFC, 2/25/01, BR p.1)

1952        Eugene Ionesco wrote "The Chairs." It was a dadaist parable of two fantasists preparing to deliver an important message.
    (WSJ, 5/16/97, p.A16)

1952        George Racey Jordan, USAF (Ret.) with Richard L. Stokes authored "Major Jordan’s Diaries." It was an account of Jordan’s experiences in the US-Russia Lend-Lease program from 1942. The 2nd reference is a list of the lend-lease items provided to the Soviet Union beginning in Oct 1941.
    http://www.nexusmagazine.com/mjd1.html
    www.topedge.com/panels/aircraft/sites/gustin/lendlse.html

1952        Frederick Knott, English writer, wrote his thriller "Dial ‘M’ for Murder. It was made into a film with Grace Kelly by Alfred Hitchcock.
    (WSJ, 4/8/98, p.A20)

1952        C.S. Lewis (1898-1963), Irish-born Anglican writer, authored “Mere Christianity," an explanation of the basic tenets of Christianity.
    (WSJ, 8/15/08, p.W9)

1952        Norman Vincent Peale wrote "The Power of Positive Thinking."
    (SFEC, 12/8/96, Par p.21)

1952        Egor P. Popov (d.2001 at 88), Ukrainian born Prof. of Civil Engineering, published his classic "Mechanics of Materials" at UC Berkeley.
    (SFC, 4/27/01, p.D8)

1952        The first "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (DSM) was published. It defined nervous breakdowns as "psychophysiologic nervous system reactions."
    (WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A1)

1952        Samuel Eilenberg (d.1998 at 84), mathematician and art collector, co-authored "Foundations of Algebraic Topology" with Norman Steenrod of Princeton Univ. The graduate text "General Topology" was written by John Kelley (d.1999 at 82) of UC Berkeley.
    (SFC, 2/3/98, p.A15)(SFC, 12/6/99, p.B2)

1952        The French work "Le Pretre Jean" (Prester John) was written.
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, p.C5)

1952        British writer Mary Norton wrote "The Borrowers," illustrated by Beth and Joe Krush. It was published in 1953 and made into a movie in 1998.
    (SFC, 2/13/98, p.C3)(SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)

1952        Wolf Mankowitz published his first novel "Make me an Offer." It was based on his experiences in the porcelain trade.
    (SFC, 5/29/98, p.D7)

1952        Terence Rattigan published his play "The Deep Blue Sea."
    (WSJ, 3/30/98, p.A16)

1952        Miriam Rothschild (1908-2005) authored “Fleas, Flukes and Cuckoos," a popular study of parasitism.
    (Econ, 2/5/05, p.80)

1952        In Germany Mrs. Aicher-Scholl (e.1998 at 81) published "White Rose," a description of the White Rose nonviolent student resistance to the Third Reich.
    (SFC, 9/7/98, p.A21)

1952        John Steinbeck wrote his novel "East of Eden."
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, DB p.35)

1952        Telford Taylor published "Sword and Swastika." He helped write the rules for Nuremberg Trials.
    (SFC, 5/26/98, p.B2)

1952        Kurt Vonnegut authored his novel “Player Piano," in which most work was done by machines.
    (Econ, 2/23/13, p.18)

1952        Edmund Wilson authored “The Shores of Light." It became recognized as a classic introduction to the 1920s literature of America.
    (WSJ, 6/16/07, p.P10)

1952        Herman Wouk wrote his novel "Cain Mutiny." It became a film in 1954.
    (SFC, 10/15/96, p.B1)

1953        Mar 19, Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 3/19/02)

1953        May 4, Pulitzer prize was awarded to E. Hemingway (Old Man & The Sea).
    (MC, 5/4/02)

1953        Jul 16, Joseph Hilaire Pierre Belloc (82), author (Path to Rome), died.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1953        Oct 29, Harry Clement Stubbs (d.2003), science fiction writer, authored "Mission of Gravity." It was serialized in Astounding Science Fiction magazine.
    (SFC, 11/1/03, p.A21)

1953        Eric Ambler wrote his spy thriller "The Schirmer Inheritance."
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A22)

1953        Poul Anderson (d.2001 at 74), authored 2 science fiction novels: "Three Hearts and Three Lions" and "Brain Wave."
    (SFC, 8/3/01, p.A24)

1953        Lars Valerian Ahlfors (1907-1996), mathematician, published his mathematics textbook "Complex Analysis. "
    (SFC, 10/21/96, p.A17)

1953        Michael Avallone (d.1999 at 74)  published "The Tall Dolores," the first of 36 novels featuring detective Ed Moon.
    (SFC, 3/2/99, p.A20)

1953        James Baldwin published his autobiographical novel "Go Tell It on the Mountain."
    (SFC, 12/30/98, p.A2)

1953        Samuel Beckett translated his "En Attendant Godot" into English as "Waiting for Godot."
    (WSJ, 8/5/96, p.A10)

1953        Sybille Bedford (b.1911), German-born English novelist, published her 1st book, “A Visit to Don Otavio," a travelogue of Mexico.
    (WSJ, 5/12/05, p.D8)

1953        Saul Bellow authored his novel "The Adventures of Augie March," in which he defined the immigrant experience in US literature.
    (SFC, 9/15/03, p.D1)

1953        Isaiah Berlin wrote his essay "The Hedgehog and the Fox." He ruminated on the words of the Greek poet Archilochus who said: "The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.A28)

1953        Simone de Bouvier (Beauvoir) published a British edition of "America Day by Day," a journal of her travels in America from 1947. Her trip also began a relationship with Nelson Algren. In 1999 the book "A Transatlantic Love Affair" Letters to Nelson Algren" was published.
    (WSJ, 1/18/98, p.A16)(SFEC, 2/28/99, BR p.4)

1953        Ray Bradbury wrote his novel "Fahrenheit 451." It was made into a film in 1967 and another version was planned in 1997.
    (SFC, 1/31/97, p.D3)

1953        "Junkie" the first novel by William Burroughs was published. In it appeared the character Herbert who was the poet Herbert Huncke (1915-1996), who introduced Burroughs to heroin.
    (SFC, 8/9/96, p.A19)

1953        Herb Caen, SF newspaper columnist, wrote his 4th book "Don’t Call It Frisco."
    (SFEC, 2/2/97, p.A13)

1953        Raymond Chandler wrote the detective novel "The Long Goodbye." He appears to have been the first writer to put into print the phrase "You can’t win them all."
    (SFC, 3/14/98, p.B7)

1953        Katherine Esau (1898-1997) published her classic "Plant Anatomy," a leading text on plant structure.
    (SFC, 6/19/97, p.A22)

1953        British writer Ian Fleming published his first James Bond book, "Casino Royale."
    (WSJ, 4/24/98, p.W1)

1953        Rev Billy Graham published "Peace With God," the first of his 18 books.
    (SFEC, 9/21/97, Z1 p.3)

1953        Heinrich Harrer wrote his memoir "Seven Years in Tibet."
    (SFEC,12/14/97, BR p.4)

1953        Robert Heilbroner (1919-2005) authored the 1st edition of his economics classic “Worldly Philosophers."
    (WSJ, 1/11/05, p.A1)

1953        Joseph Heller began writing "Catch-22." The book was initially titled Catch 18 and contracted to Simon & Schuster in 1957. The agent, Candida Donadio, chose 22, her birthday was Oct 22, to avoid conflict with Mila 18, a novel by Leon Uris. Catch 22 was published in 1961. [see Louis Fallstein, 1951, "Face of a Hero."]
    (SFC, 4/28/98, p.A2)(SFC, 1/26/01, p.A21)

1953        Jack Kerouac wrote his book "The Subterraneans." Though set in San Francisco it was actually about characters from Fugazi’s Bar of Greenwich Village. Anton Rosenberg (d.1998 at 71), a hipster painter and musician, was portrayed as Julian Alexander. The book was not published until 1958.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.A21)

1953        Alfred Kinsey published "Sexual Behavior in the Human Female," the 1st major US survey on women's sexual habits. He found that attitudes did not match behavior.
    (NW, 6/30/03, p.44)

1953        "The Conservative Mind" by Russel Kirk, Michigan-born writer, was first published by Henry Regnery (1912-1996), the godfather of modern conservatism. "The book recovers a legacy of conservative ideas and also trumpets a conservative future." In the book is described an "inclination to cherish the permanent things in human existence." Kirk believed that "political problems are, at bottom, religious and moral problems." He lists six canons of conservatism the first of which is the conviction that "there exists a transcendent order, or body of natural law, which rules society as well as conscience. The book was re-issued in 1995 in a 40th anniversary ed. by Regnery Publ.
    (WSJ, 9/28/95, p.A-16)(SFC, 6/24/96, p.A15)

1953        Wolf Mankowitz published "Wedgewood," the definitive handbook on the subject.
    (SFC, 5/29/98, p.D7)

1953        James Michener (d.1997 at 90) wrote his novel "The Bridges at Toko-Ri."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)

1953        Iris Murdoch published "Sartre: Romantic Rationalist."
    (SFC, 2/9/99, p.A20)

1953        Robert Musil (d.1942), Austrian author, got published in short form in English his unfinished book "The Man Without Qualities" set in Vienna around 1913. A full 2 volume set ($60) was published in 1995.
    (WSJ, 4/12/95, A-12)

1953        Alain Robbe-Grillet authored "Les Gommes" (The Erasers), a novel about a detective investigating an apparent murder who ends up killing the victim. It was seen in France as the debut of the "new novel."
    (AP, 2/18/08)

1953        Jim Thompson authored the classic noir thriller “The Killer Inside Me."
    (SSFC, 9/17/06, p.D7)

1953        Leon Uris (d.2003) authored the novel "Battle Cry."
    (AP, 6/24/03)(SFC, 6/25/03, p.A25)

1953        John Werthan authored "Seduction of the Innocent," which linked comic books to juvenile delinquency. This led to the creation of the Comics Code Authority. EC Comics withdrew "Tales From the crypt" and many other titles.
    (SFC, 1/21/04, p.D2)

1953        Richard Wright (d.1960) authored the novel: "The Outsider."
    (WSJ, 9/4/01, p.A20)

1953        Thomas Guinzburg, Donald Hall, Harold Humes, Peter Matthiessen (1927-2014) and George Plimpton founded the Paris Review. William Styron (1925-2006) helped establish the Paris Review. Matthiessen later admitted that he was a CIA recruit and used his work with the Review as a cover.
    (SFC, 9/27/03, p.A2)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.95)(SSFC, 4/6/14, p.A18)

1953        Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (b.1896), author of “The Yearling," died. In 2005 Rodger L. Tarr edited a collection of her letters to her husband, Norton S. Baskin: “The Private Marjorie."
    (WSJ, 2/25/05, p.W8)

1954        Aug 3, Sidonie Gabrielle Colette (b.1873), French actress, librettist, novelist (Claudine) and critic, died. Her novels included "Le Ble en herbe" (The Ripening Seed) and "Julie de Carneilhan (1941).  In 1999 Judith Thurman authored "Secrets of the Flesh," a biography of Colette.
    (WSJ, 10/14/99, p.A24)(SC, 8/3/02)

1954        Kingsley Amis authored “Lucky Jim," his comic novel of academic life.
    (WSJ, 2/16/08, p.W10)
1954        Harriette Arnow authored “The Dollmaker." The novel documented the move by Gertie Nevel from self-sufficient poverty in Kentucky to urban poverty in Detroit. It was made into a movie in 1984.
    (Econ, 12/19/09, p.58)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Dollmaker)
1954        Kenneth Dodson (d.1999 at 91) published his WW II novel "Away All Boats."
    (SFC, 6/2/99, p.C7)
1954        William Golding published his "Lord of the Flies." It is about a group of schoolboys who get marooned on an island and quickly degenerate to a state of savagery.
    (WSJ, 10/5/95, p.A-12)
1954        Aldous Huxley authored "The Doors of Perception," a book about hallucinogenic drugs. Jim Morrison later named his band "The Doors" after this book.
    (SSFC, 4/11/04, Par p.2)
1954        Louis L’Amour wrote his western novel "Lance Kilkenny."
    (USAT, 6/10/98, p.1D)
1954        Alan Le May (1899-1964) authored his novel “The Searchers" (1954). The story was based on Brit Johnson, a black Texas ranch foreman, who was killed by Kiowa raiders in 1871.
    (AH, 6/07, p.64)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Searchers_%28film%29)
1954        James Michener (d.1997 at 90) wrote his novel "Sayanora."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)
1954        The “Story of O" by Pauline Reage was first published. She had written it at age 47 out of fear that her married lover would leave her. He never left her and saw to it that the novel got published.
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.F3)
1954        Bud Schulberg wrote the classic "On the Waterfront," a novel of labor and corruption in New York City.
    (SFC, 5/13/97, p.E5)
1954        John Steinbeck wrote his novel "Sweet Thursday."
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, DB p.35)
1954        Alice B. Toklas (1877-1967) published her own literary memoir, a book that mixed reminiscences and recipes under the title “The Alice B. Toklas Cookbook."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_B._Toklas)
1954        Gore Vidal published his satirical fantasy "Messiah."
    (WSJ, 2/27/98, p.A12)

1955        May 2, Pulitzer prize was awarded to Tennessee Williams for Cat on Hot Tin Roof.
    (MC, 5/2/02)

1955        May 16, American author and critic James Agee died in New York.
    (AP, 5/16/01)

1955        Aug 12, Thomas Mann (80), German writer (Dr. Faustus, Nobel 1929), died. Two biographies of Mann were published in 1995: Thomas Mann: A Biography by Ronald Hayman and Thomas Mann: A Life by Donald Prater.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.367-368)(WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A-5)(MC, 8/12/02)

1955        Sep 15, Olympia Press in Paris published Vladimir Nabokov’s novel “Lolita."
    (www.evergreenreview.com/100/nabokov2.html)

1955        James Baldwin authored “Notes of a Native Son."
    (SSFC, 8/8/04, p.M4)

1955        US Navy Capt. Edward L. Beach Jr. (1918-2002) authored “Run Silent, Run Deep." It was made into a film in 1958 starring Clark Gable and Burt Lancaster.
    (SFC, 12/2/02, p.A19)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Run_Silent,_Run_Deep)

1955        William Gaddis (d.1998 at 75) published his first novel "The Recognitions."
    (SFC, 12/18/98, p.A38)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.M2)

1955        John O’Hara authored “Ten Frederick North," a novel about thwarted political ambition.
    (WSJ, 3/15/08, p.W10)

1955        Alain Robbe-Grillet won France's Critics Prize with "Le Voyeur" (The Voyeur), about the world seen through the eyes of a sadistic killer.
    (AP, 2/18/08)

1955        William Waugh (1903-1966), English novelist born as Arthur Evelyn St. John Waugh, authored “Officers and Gentlemen."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evelyn_Waugh)

1956        Jan 31, British author A.A. Milne (74), creator of "Winnie-the-Pooh," died. He left the rights to the honey-loving bear to five beneficiaries that included the Garrick Club, Westminster School, The Royal Literary Fund, his own family and illustrator E.H. Shepard.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A20)(AP, 1/31/06)

1956        Apr 8, Poet Gary Snyder resolved to write his opus Mountains and Rivers Without End.
    (SFC, 9/1/96, DB p.31)

1956        May 20, Max Beerbohm, caricaturist, writer (Yet Again), died.
    (MC, 5/20/02)

1956        Aug 14, Bertold Brecht (b.1898), German dramatist (Mother Courage), died. His first play was "Baal." He also wrote "The Resistable Rise of Arturo Ui," a satire on Hitler’s rise to power. In 1959 Prof. Martin Esslin (d.2002 at 83) authored "Brecht: A Choice of Evils."
    (WSJ, 10/3/96, p.A12)(SFEC, 8/10/97, DB p.15)(SFC, 2/28/02, p.A20)(MC, 8/14/02)

1956        John Hersey authored his novel "A Single Pebble," about a trip through the Yangtze River gorges.
    (SSFC, 10/27/02, p.M3)
1956        Grace Metalious authored her risque novel “Peyton Place."
    (SSFC, 1/1/06, p.B6)
1956        Khushwant Singh (1915-2014), Indian lawyer and journalist, authored "Train to Pakistan," a short, powerful novel about the horrors of partition, when colonial India was carved into modern India and Pakistan and about 1 million people died amid the chaos. It became a classic.
    (AP, 1/1/10)(Econ, 4/5/14, p.82)
1956        Elie Wiesel (27), Holocaust surviver, authored his memoir “Night."
    (SSFC, 12/16/12, p.E5)

1957        Mar 29, Joyce A.L. Cary (68), English writer (Horse's Mouth), died.
    (MC, 3/29/02)

1957        Apr 3, Samuel Beckett's "Endgame," premiered in London.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.369)(MC, 4/3/02)

1957        May 6, Eugene O'Neill's play "Long Day's Journey into Night" won the Pulitzer Prize for drama; John F. Kennedy's "Profiles in Courage" won the Pulitzer for biography or autobiography.
    (AP, 5/6/07)

1957        May 29, George Bacovia [Vasiliu] Romanian poet, composer (Plumb), died at 75.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1957        Jun 27, Malcolm Lowry (b.1909), English novelist, died in Sussex, England. He is best known for his novel “Under the Volcano" (1947). In 2007 Michael Hofmann edited “The Voyage That Never Ends: Malcolm Lowry in His Own Words."
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/mlowry.htm)(SFC, 9/3/07, p.E2)

1957        Jul 23, Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa (b.1896), Sicilian aristocrat and writer, died. His classic novel “Il Gattopardo" (The Leopard), was published in 1958. It included the line: “If we want things to stay as they are, things will have to change." David Gilmour later authored the biography “The Last Leopard" (1991).
    (WSJ, 12/9/06, p.P24)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.61)

1957        Sep 5, Viking Press first published "On the Road" by Jack Kerouac. Kerouac typed out the manuscript in 20 days on a single roll of teletype paper. In 1997 his book of notes from the early 1950s: "Some of the Dharma" was published.
    (SFEC, 8/31/97, BR p.8)(SSFC, 1/30/05, p.A19)(AP, 9/5/07)

1957        Italo Calvino, Italian writer, authored his novel “Il Barone Rampante" (The Baron in the Trees). It tells the adventures of a boy who climbs up a tree to spend the rest of his life inhabiting an arboreal kingdom.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Baron_in_the_Trees)
1957        Lawrence Durrell (1912-1990), expatriate British writer, authored “Justine," the first volume his 4-part Alexandria Quartet (1957-1960).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Durrell)
1957        Lawrence Durrell authored “Bitter Lemons." The autobiographical work described the three years (1953–1956) he spent on the island of Cyprus.
    (Econ, 6/30/12, p.74)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitter_Lemons)

1957        Theodore Geisel (aka Dr. Seuss) wrote "The Cat in the Hat" and "How the Grinch Stole Christmas."
    (SFC, 3/28/97, p.D2)(WSJ, 12/24/98, p.B1)

1957        C.Y. Lee authored his novel "The Flower Drum Song," a story of San Francisco’s Chinatown. It inspired a Rogers and Hammerstein musical and was made into a film in 1961.
    (SFC, 9/18/02, p.A1)

1957        Norman Mailer published his essay "The White Negro" in Dissent.
    (WSJ, 2/24/97, p.A20)

1957        James Michener (d.1997 at 90) wrote his novel "The Bridge at Andau," and co-authored "Rascals in Paradise." He also published his "Selected Writings."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)

1957        The book “The Sultan in Oman" by Jan Morris (b.1926), British travel writer, was published. It was set in 1955 and described the Sultan’s traveling party after a brief war.
    (www.hku.hk/english/courses2000/2045/morris.htm)
1957        Wright Morris won the National Book Award for his epic novel "The Field of Vision."
    (SFC, 5/1/98, p.D7)

1957        Vladimir Nabokov authored his novel “Pnin," the story of a master failer.
    (WSJ, 2/16/08, p.W10)

1957        Vance Packard (1914-1996) wrote "Hidden Persuaders," a critique of advertising and the consumer society.
    (SFC, 12/13/96, p.B6)

1957        Ayn Rand (1905-1982) wrote her novel "Atlas Shrugged."
    (SFEC, 7/26/98, BR p.3)

1957        Evelyn Waugh authored "The Ordeal of Gilbert Pinfold." "He abhorred plastics, Picasso, sunbathing and Jazz—everything in fact that had happened in his lifetime."
    (WSJ, 1/4/02, p.A11)

1957        Peter B. Kyne (b.1880), author, died. He wrote 25 novels and over 1,000 short stories, a number of which were turned into Hollywood movies. Kyne was born in San Francisco and grew up in San Mateo County where most of his work was set.
    (Ind, 7/19/03, p.3A)

1958        Mar 8, William Faulkner said US schools had degenerated to become babysitters.
    (MC, 3/8/02)

1958        May 5, A Pulitzer prize awarded to James Agee for (Death in the Family).
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1958        May 29, Juan Ramón Jimenez (76), Spanish poet (Nobel 1956), died.
    (SC, 5/29/02)

1958        Aug 18, The 1st US edition of the novel "Lolita" by Vladimir Nabokov was published by Putnam. The 1st French edition was in 1955.
    (WSJ, 3/20/97, p.A14)(www.loa.org/volume.jsp?RequestID=9&section=notes)

1958        Sep 5, The novel "Doctor Zhivago" by Russian author Boris Pasternak was published in the United States for the first time.
    (AP, 9/5/98)

1958        Chinua Achebe of Nigeria authored the novel "Things Fall Apart." It was about the Igbo tribe's efforts to guard its way of life against English colonialism and was made into a theater production in 1997. It sold millions of copies worldwide and was voted Africa's best book of the century. In 2004 Achebe rejected a Nigerian national honors award, protesting conditions in the West African nation and saying renegades were trying to turn his home state into "a bankrupt and lawless fiefdom."
    (WSJ, 2/09/99, p.A20)(SFEC, 8/6/00, BR p.4)(P, 10/18/04)

1958        Jorge Amado (d.2001 at 88), Brazilian writer, published his novel "Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon."
    (SFC, 8/9/01, p.D2)(www.biography.com/search/article.do?id=9182926)

1958        Algis Budrys published his sci-fi novel "Who," in which was described an artificial heart, 5-years before a working version was developed.
    (SFEC, 11/24/96, Z1 p.2)

1958        Lawrence Durrell (1912-1990), expatriate British writer, authored “Balthazar," the second volume his 4-part Alexandria Quartet (1957-1960).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Durrell)
1958        Lawrence Durrell (1912-1990), expatriate British writer, authored “Mountolive," the third volume his 4-part Alexandria Quartet (1957-1960).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Durrell)

1958        Carlos Fuentes (b.1928), Mexican author, published his first novel “Where the Air Is Clear." It was set in Mexico City in 1956-1957 when he was a student there on the G.I. Bill.
    (WSJ, 6/14/08, p.W10)

1958        Graham Greene published his novel “Our Man in Havana." It captured Cuba on the cusp of sweeping change.
    (WSJ, 8/25/06, p.A1)

1958        Nora Johnson (b.1933) published her novel “The World of Henry Orient." It was made into film in 1964. her father was filmmaker Nunally Johnson.
    (WSJ, 8/6/04, p.W8)

1958        Alan Sillitoe (1928-2010), English writer, authored his novel “Saturday Night, Sunday Morning."
    (Econ, 5/1/10, p.88)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Sillitoe)

1958        Alexander Solzhenitsyn (1918-2008), Russian writer, completed the first draft of "In the First Circle," a novel, set during Stalin's rule. It was about the effects of incarceration and forced labor on the minds and souls of innocent and intelligent men. He immediately put it through two revisions. He wrote 4th draft in 1962. In 1968 it was first published in the West. A Russian edition came out in 1978. A new edition in 2009 included parts left out in earlier editions.
    (http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204488304574431450891084972.html)

1958        T.H. White (1906-1964), English writer, authored the Arthurian novel “The Once and Future King."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T._H._White)

1959        Jan 27, Aldous Huxley (64), British author of Brave New World (1932), attended a conference at the Univ. of California Medical school and warned that manipulation of personality by drugs is already here.
    (SSFC, 1/25/09, DB p.50)

1959        Mar 26, Raymond Chandler (71), American writer, best known for his Philip Marlowe detective novels, died. He wrote seven Marlowe books that includes "Farewell My Lovely," "The Long Goodbye" (1953) and "The Big Sleep" (1939). In 1976 Prof. Frank MacShane wrote "The Life of Raymond Chandler." In 1995 he was honored with a 2-volume issues of his works by the Library of America. A CD-ROM was also made titled after a novel: Trouble is My Business. In 1997 Tom Hiney wrote "Raymond Chandler: A Biography." In 2001 Tom Hiney and Frank MacShane edited "The Raymond Chandler Papers." In 2007 Judith Freeman authored “The Long Embrace: Raymond Chandler and the Woman He Loved."
    (WSJ, 10/18/95, A-16)(SFC, 7/9/97, p.D5)(SFC, 3/14/98, p.B7)(SFC, 11/18/99, p.C8)(WSJ, 4/23/01, p.A20)(SS, 3/26/02)(SSFC, 11/4/07, p.M1)

1959        May 4, Pulitzer prize was awarded to Archibald Macleish (again) for his poetic drama, JB based on the Book of Job.
    (MC, 5/4/02)

1959        Jun 2, Allen Ginsberg wrote his poem "Lysergic Acid," in SF.
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1959        Richard Condon (d.1996) authored his novel "The Manchurian Candidate." It was made into a film with Frank Sinatra in 1962. In 2003 it was revealed that phrases and ideas were plagiarized from "I, Claudius," the 1934 historical novel by Robert Graves.
    (SFC, 10/4/03, p.D1)

1959        Jack Kerouac published "Doctor Sax" with Grove Press. He had begun the book while visiting William Burroughs in Mexico City around 1951. In 2003 it was released on CD based on a 1998 screenplay by Jim Sampas, Kerouac's nephew.
    (SSFC, 11/2/03, p.M2)

1959        Philip Roth authored his coming-of-age novella “Goodbye Columbus." The initial publication included 5 other short stories.
    (WSJ, 12/15/07, p.W10)

1959        Alan Sillitoe (1928-2010), English writer, authored his novel “The Loneliness of a Long-distance Runner."
    (Econ, 5/1/10, p.88)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Sillitoe)

1959        Hunter Thompson spent time working in San Juan as a journalist and based his novel "The Rum Diary," published in 1998, on the experience. Plans for a film based on the book developed in 2003.
    (SFC, 11/7/03, p.D11)

1960        Jan 4, Albert Camus (1913-1960), French writer, died in an automobile accident at age 46. He won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1957. His work included the play “Caligula" and a collection of journalistic pieces for the clandestine newspaper Combat (1944-1947). In 1997 Oliver Todd wrote the biography “Albert Camus." In 1979 Herbert Lottman also wrote a biography: “Albert Camus." In 2006 Camus’ WW II pieces, edited by Jacqueline Levi-Valensi, were published as "Camus at Combat." In 2010 Virgil Tanase authored “Albert Camus."
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A22)(WSJ, 12/12/97, p.A16)(AP, 1/4/98)(WSJ, 2/11/06, p.P10)(Econ, 1/9/10, p.83)

1960        Mar 24, US appeals court ruled the novel, "Lady Chatterly's Lover" by D.H. Lawrence, to be not obscene.
    (WSJ, 5/15/95, p. A-16)(MC, 3/24/02)

1960        May 2, Pulitzer prize was awarded to Alan Drury (Advice & Consent).
    (MC, 5/2/02)

1960        May 30, Boris Pasternak (b.1890), Russian poet, novelist (Dr Zhivago) and translator, died at age 70.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1055)(MC, 5/30/02)

1960        John Barth authored his novel “The Sot-Weed Factor."
    (SSFC, 12/18/05, p.M4)
1960        Daniel Bell (1919-2011) authored “The End of Ideology: On the Exhaustion of Political Ideas in the Fifties."
    (Econ, 12/3/05, p.34)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Bell)
1960        Lawrence Durrell (1912-1990), expatriate British writer, authored “Clea," the fourth volume his 4-part Alexandria Quartet (1957-1960).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Durrell)
1960        Graham Green (1904-1991) authored “A Burnt-Out Case," centered on a leper colony in the Congo.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Burnt-Out_Case)
1960        Harper Lee (b.1926), American novelist, authored "To Kill a Mockingbird." It was made into a film in 1962. In 2006 Charles J. Shields authored “Mockingbird: A Portrait of Harper Lee." 
    (HN, 4/28/99)(SSFC, 6/25/06, p.M3)
1960        Zora Neale Hurston (b.1903), black author, died. Her 1942 autobiography was titled "Dust Tracks on a Road." In 1977 Robert Hemenway authored a biography of Hurston. In 2002 Cora Kaplan edited "Zora Neale Hurston: A Life in Letters." In 2002 Valerie Boyd authored the biography "Wrapped in Rainbows."
    (WSJ, 12/20/02, p.W8)(SSFC, 12/29/02, p.M1)
1960        Yukio Mishima (1925-1970), Japanese writer, authored “Utage No Ato “After the Banquet), a somewhat disguised account of certain aspects of an actual political campaign.
    (Econ, 8/22/09, p.35)(www.answers.com/topic/yukio-mishima)

1961          Jan 10, Dashiell Hammett (66), author, died in NYC  from throat cancer. In 1983 Diane Johnson authored his biography. His books included “The Maltese Falcon" and “The Thin Man," both of which were turned into films. He wrote “The Maltese Falcon" while living in San Francisco at 891 Post St., which was also given as the address of detective Sam Spade.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0358591/)(SFC, 6/7/04, p.C2)

1961        Mar 16, "The Agony and the Ecstasy" was published by Irving Stone.
    (HN, 3/16/98)

1961        May 1, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Harper Lee, author of "To Kill a Mockingbird."
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1961        Jun 2, George S. Kaufman (72), playwright, director, Pulitzer prize winner, died.
    (SC, 6/2/02)

1961        Jul 1, Louis-Ferdinand Celine (b.1894), French physician, author, anti-Semite, died. His books included “Journey to the End of Night" (1932).
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/lfceline.htm)(WSJ, 9/23/06, p.P8)

1961        Jul 2, Novelist E. Hemingway shot himself in the head at his home in Ketchum, Idaho. Boozing and physical trauma led to depression, electroshock therapy and suicide. In 1964 his novel "A Moveable Feast was published. In 1974    Jose Luis Castillo-Puche published "Hemingway in Spain." His novel "True at First Light" was based on his 1953 safari in Africa and was to be published Jul 21 1999, the centennial of his birth. His book "The Garden of Eden" and "Islands in the Stream" were also published after his death. His novel "Dangerous Summer" was based on the rivalry between two matadors, Antonio Ordonez (d.1998) and Luis Miguel Dominguin.  In 1976 his son Gregory (d.2001) authored "Papa: A Personal Memoir."
    (SFC, 7/2/96, p.A11)(TMC, 1994, p.1961)(AP, 7/2/97)(SFC, 8/5/98, p.E3)(SFC, 8/25/98, p.A2)(SFC, 12/21/98, p.B5)(WSJ, 6/18/99, p.W13)(SFC, 10/6/01, p.A18)

1961        Nov 2, James Thurber (b.1894), humorist (The Male Animal), died at age 66. In 1975 Burton Bernstein authored "Thurber: A Biography." In 2003 Harrison Kinney and Rosemary A. Thurber edited "The Thurber Letters."
    (MC, 11/2/01)(WSJ, 8/1/03, p.W10)

1961        Dec 12, Frantz Fanon (b.1925), Martinique-born writer, psychiatrist, and revolutionary died in Washington, DC. His work foretold of Third World liberation struggles. His book “Wretched of the Earth" (1961) celebrated anti-colonial revolutionaries. In 2008 John Edgar Wideman authored his novel “Fanon" based on Fanon’s life.
    (SSFC, 10/5/03, p.M2)(WSJ, 2/15/08, p.W2)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/fanon.htm)(Econ, 4/17/10, SR p.16)

1961        Ivo Andric of Yugoslavia won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (AP, 10/8/09)

1961        Irene Kampen (d.1998 at 75) wrote her first of ten books on her life following a divorce: "Life Without George." The books became the basis for the TV sitcom: "The Lucy Show" (1962-1974), which followed Lucille Ball’s divorce with Desi Arnaz.
    (SFC, 2/10/98, p.A22)

1961        William Saroyan published his autobiography: "Here Comes There Goes You Know Who."
    (SFEM, 4/27/97, p.11)

1961        "Academic Women" by Prof. Jessie Bernard (1903-1996) was published. She soon retired but continued writing. Her works included "The Sex Game," "The Female World," "The Future of Marriage," and "The Future of Motherhood."
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A21)

1961        Stanislaw Lem wrote "Memoirs Found in a Bathtub." He pondered the growing vulnerability of civilization to a disruption of its information flow.
    (WSJ, 5/6/97, p.A23)

1961        Benjamin Quarles (1904-1996), historian, published "The Negro in the American Revolution."
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.B2)

1961        J.D. Salinger published "Franny and Zooey."
    (SFC, 3/22/99, p.A2)

1961        D.W. Sciama published his book "The Unity of the Universe."
    (TNG, Klein, p.154)

1961        Joseph Weber, prof. of physics at Univ. of Maryland, published his "Gravitational Relativity and Gravitational Waves."
    (TNG, Klein, p.130)

1961        Gerald J. Whitrow (d.2000 at 87), mathematician and philosopher, published "The Nature of Time."
    (SFC, 6/27/00, p.A23)

1961        "The Soft Machine" by William Burroughs was published.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.B6)   

1961        The children’s classic "James and the Giant Peach" by Roald Dahl was published.
    (SFEC, 8/25/96, Par p.9)

1961        Joseph Heller published "Catch-22."
    (SFC, 4/28/98, p.A2)

1961        Richard Hughes authored his historical novel "The Fox in the Attic," based on Hitler’s failed 1923 putsch.
    (NW, 8/20/01, p.56)

1961        Robert A. Heinlein (1906-1988) authored his sci-fi masterpiece “Stranger in a Strange Land." It was about a human child raised on Mars by Martians and brought to Earth.
    (WSJ, 1/26/07, p.D7)

1961        Jane Jacobs authored "The Death and Life of Great American Cities." It was based on her experiences in Greenwich Village.
    (SFEC, 6/25/00, BR p.4)(WSJ, 10/11/00, p.24)

1961        "The Phantom Tollbooth" by Norton Juster was published. It was illustrated by Jules Feiffer.
    (SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)

1961        James Michener (d.1997 at 90) wrote "Report of the County Chairman."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)

1961        Walker Percy authored his novel "The Moviegoer."
    (SSFC, 4/20/03, p.M3)

1961        Harold Robbins (d.1997) wrote his novel "Carpetbaggers," based on the life of Howard Hughes.
    (SFC,10/15/97, p.C4)

1961        J.D. Salinger published "Franny and Zooey."
    (SFC, 11/23/98, p.E2)

1961        Muriel Spark published her novel "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie."
    (WSJ, 4/11/97, p.A12)

1961        John Updike wrote "Rabbit Run."
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, BR p.3)

1961        Kurt Vonnegut wrote his novel "Mother Night."
    (SFC, 11/15/96, p.C3)

1962        Mar 20, C. Wright Mills (45), US sociologist (Power Elite), died.
    (MC, 3/20/02)

1962        May 7, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Theodore H. White (Making of President).
    (MC, 5/7/02)

1962        May 12, Dick Calkins, co-author of Buck Rogers, died at 67.
    (SC, Internet, 5/12/97)

1962            Jul 6, William Cuthbert Faulkner (b.1897), US writer (Nobel 1949), died in Oxford, Miss. In 2004 Jay Parini authored “One Matchless Time: A Life of William Faulkner."
    (WSJ, 10/28/04, p.A1)(www.olemiss.edu/depts/english/ms-writers/dir/faulkner_william/)

1962        Oct 1, Ludwig Bemelmans (1898), Austrian-born writer of children’s books, died in NYC. His 1st Madeline book was published in 1939.
    (www.kidsreads.com/series/series-madeline-author.asp)

1962        Helen Gurley Brown (1922-2012) authored "Sex and the Single Girl." In 2009 Jennifer Scanlon authored “Bad Girls Go Everywhere: The Life of Helen Gurley Brown."
    (NW, 6/23/03, p.65)(WSJ, 4/10/09, p.W7)(SFC, 8/14/12, p.A5)

1962        Anthony Burgess authored his dystopian novel “A Clockwork Orange." It was made into a 1971 movie by Stanley Kubrick.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Clockwork_Orange)

1962        Sebastian de Grazia (1917-2000), political scientist and Pulitzer Prize winning writer, authored “Of Time, Work and Leisure."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Of_Time,_Work,_and_Leisure)(Econ, 12/20/14, p.96)

1962        Ken Kesey (1935-2001) published his novel: "One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest."
    (WSJ, 5/15/00, p.A46)(SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A1)

1962        Walker Percy (1916-1990), physician, novelist (Lancelot), won the National Book Award for his book "The Moviegoer."
     (WSJ, 3/26/03, p.D8)

1962        Alexander Solzhenitsyn (43) published "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovitch." It first appeared in the Soviet magazine Novy Mir. In 1998 D.M. Thomas published the biography: Alexander Solzhenitsyn: A Century in His Life." In 1985 Michael Scammell published his biography: "Solzhenitsyn."
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.9)

1962        Dido Sotiriou authored “Farewell Anatolia," a novel of 2 shepherd boys, one Christian and one Muslim, who go off to fight on opposite sides during the Greek-Turkish war of 1919-22.
    (Econ, 7/17/04, p.79)

1963        Feb 11, Sylvia Plath (30), American writer, committed suicide by gas in London after Ted Hughes left her for another woman. Her autobiographical novel "The Bell Jar" was published this year. She had been married to English poet Ted Hughes (d.1998), who in 1998 published a 198 page book of verse "Birthday Letters" based on their relationship. The woman for whom Hughes left Plath committed suicide 5 years later. Plath’s 1981 "Collected Poems" won a Pulitzer Prize. The Plath book of poems "Ariel" was published after her death. In 2000 her uncensored diaries: "The Unabridged Journals of Sylvia Plath," were edited by Karen V. Kukil. Carl Rollyson authored “American Isis: The Life and Art of Sylvia Plath" (2013). Andrew Wilson authored “Mad Girl’s Love Song: Sylvia Plath and Life Before Ted" (2013).
    (SFC, 1/19/98, p.A10)(SFEC, 2/1/98, p.C5)(SFEC, 3/26/00, p.A25)(SFEC, 11/12/00, BR p.1)(SSFC, 2/17/13, p.F5)(Econ, 3/9/13, p.84)

1963        Nov 22, Aldous L. Huxley (69), English author (Devils of Loudon, Brave New World), died in Los Angeles.
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/ahuxley.htm)
1963        Nov 22, C.S. Lewis, English author the Narnia series and other books, died of osteoporosis. In 2005 Alan Jacobs authored “The Narnian," a biography of Lewis. In 2013 Alister McGrath authored “C.S. Lewis--A Life: Eccentric Genius, Reluctant Prophet."
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/cslewis.htm)(WSJ, 10/15/05, p.P13)(Econ, 5/18/13, p.88)

1963        May 6, A Pulitzer prize in the general nonfiction category was awarded to American historian Barbara Tuchman for “Guns of August" (1962), an account of the first month of WWI.
    (www.historyorb.com/date/1963/may/6)(Econ, 3/29/14, p.88)

1963        Jun 17, John Cowper Powys (b.1872), English author, died. In 2007 Morine Krissdottir authored “Descent of Memory: The Life of John Cowper Powys." His 10 novels included “Wolf Solent," the story of a young man’s rebellion against the modern world.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Cowper_Powys)(WSJ, 9/8/07, p.P9)

1963        Oct 11, Jean Cocteau, French author (La Voie Humaine), surrealist poet, artist and film director, died at 73. His lover Lean Marais later published a biography of Cocteau called "L’Inconcevable Jean Cocteau." In 2003 Claude Arnaud authored the biography "Jean Cocteau."
    (SFC, 11/10/98, p.A24)(SFC, 10/6/03, p.D8)

1963        German playwright Rolf Hochhuth produced "The Deputy." The work indicted Pope Pius XII for Nazi complicity during WW II.
    (WSJ, 4/25/97, p.A18)

1963        Hannah Arendt authored "Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil."
    (WSJ, 8/31/99, p.A22)

1963        Nora Beloff (1919-1997), British political writer and foreign correspondent, wrote "The General Says No: Britain’s Exclusion from Europe."
    (SFC, 2/24/96, p.A17)

1963        Alton L. Blakeslee (d.1997 at 83) wrote "Your Heart has Nine Lives" with Dr. Jeremiah B. Stamler. He was the chief science writer for the Associated Press (AP) for 3 decades.
    (SFC, 5/14/97, p.A22)

1963        John Campbell Bruce (1906-1996) wrote "Escape From Alcatraz". It was based on a true 1962 escape. The book was turned into a film in 1979.
    (SFC, 7/9/96, p.20)

1963        John le Carre (b.1931 as David Cornwell) authored “The Spy Who Came in from the Cold."
    (Econ, 5/18/13, IL p.19)

1963        Donald Davidson (d.2003 at 86), Prof. of Philosophy at UC Berkeley, authored "Actions, Reasons and Causes."
    (SFC, 9/4/03, p.A23)

1963        John Fowles (1926-2005), English novelist, authored "The Collector."
    (Econ, 11/1/03, p.82)(SFC, 11/8/05, p.B5)

1963        The "Feminine Mystique" by Betty Friedan (1921-2006) was published.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A21)(SSFC, 2/5/06, p.A6)

1963        Milton Friedman (1912-2006) and Anna Jacobson Schwartz authored “A Monetary History of the United States: 1867-1960." They argued that the US depression of the 1930s was the result of an inept Federal Reserve.
    (WSJ, 12/7/05, p.A15)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.80)

1963        Abraham Maslow, a pioneer of humanistic psychology, wrote "Eupsychian Management, A Journal." It described the management style he witnessed at Non-Linear Systems. He labeled it "enlightened management" to describe work conditions that incorporated synergy and led to individual "self-actualization."
    (WSJ, 4/25/97, p.B1)(WSJ, 10/10/97, p.B1)

1963        Ernst Mayr wrote "Animal Species and Evolution."
    (NH, 2/97, p.69)

1963        Mary McCarthy authored her novel “The Group." It followed a group of Vassar graduates from 1933 to the start of WWII.
    (WSJ, 4/19/08, p.W8)

1963        James Michener (d.1997 at 90) wrote his novel "Caravans," the fruit of wide-ranging trips to Afghanistan in the mid-1950s.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)(WSJ, 7/5/08, p.W8)

1963        "The American Way of Death" by Jessica Mitford (d.7/24/96) was published. It was an expose of the funeral industry in the US. A revised edition was published in 1998.
    (SFC, 6/30/96, Zone 1 p.3)(SFEC, 8/16/98, BR p.1)

1963        Daniel Patrick Moynihan, later senator and ambassador, authored "Beyond the Melting Pot," a description of the ethnic groups in NYC.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.A2)

1963        Sir Lawrence van der Post (1906-1996) wrote "The Seed and the Sower." It was filmed in 1983 as Merry Christmas Mr. Lawrence with David Bowie.
    (SFC, 12/17/96, p.B4)

1963        Dawn Powell published the novel "The Golden Spur."
    (SFEC, 2/14/99, BR p.5)

1963        Alfred Pritchard Sloan Jr., former head of General Motors Corp., authored "My Life With General Motors."
    (F, 10/7/96, p.132)(Econ, 12/22/07, p.123)

1963        Giorgos Seferis, Turkish-born Greek, won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (AP, 10/8/09)

1963        Ezra Solomon (d.2002 at 82), Stanford economics professor, authored "The Theory of Financial Management."
    (SFC, 12/21/02, p.A22)

1963        Jim Thompson authored his novel "The Grifters." It was made into a film in 1990.
    (WSJ, 8/27/01, p.A13)

1963        Charles Webb authored his novel "The Graduate." It was turned into a movie in 1967.
    (WSJ, 5/8/01, p.B1)

1964        Mar 20, Brendan Behan (b.1923), Irish playwright and author, died in Dublin.
    (SSFC, 3/16/14, DB p.42)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brendan_Behan)

1964        Apr 14, Rachel L. Carson (56), American biologist, author (Silent spring), died. She raised public awareness of environmental pollution and ecological issues with a number of best-selling books--notably Silent Spring (1962). In 1997 Linda Gear wrote the biography: "Rachel Carson: Witness for Nature."
    (SFEC, 9/14/97, BR p.3)(HNQ, 4//01)(MC, 4/14/02)

1964        Apr 18, Ben Hecht (71), playwright (Child of the Century), died.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1964        Aug 12, Ian L. Fleming (56), British spy, journalist, writer (James Bond), died. He had recently sold a 51% share of the copyright of his books to Sir Jock Campbell, who chaired the Booker Brothers. In 2000 Fleming’s heirs bought back the copyright to the books.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ian_Fleming)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.90)

1964        Ken Kesey (1935-2001) authored  "Sometimes a Great Notion."
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 11/30/03, p.E1)

1964        J.P. Martin (1879-1966), English Methodist minister, published the 1st of his Uncle series of children‘s books.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.113)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J.P._Martin)

1964        Aug 3, Flannery O'Connor (b.1925), novelist and short story writer, died in Georgia of lupus, an incurable, autoimmune disease. In 2009 Brad Gooch authored “Flannery: A Life of Flannery O’Connor."
    (www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-498)(Econ, 2/28/09, p.89)

1964        Robert Heinlein (1907-1988), libertarian sci-fi writer, published "Farnham's Freehold."
    (SFEC, 12/27/98, BR p.3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_A._Heinlein)

1964        Jane Rule (1931-2007), American-born Canadian writer, authored her novel, “Desert of the Heart." It later became recognized as a landmark work of lesbian fiction.
    (SFC, 12/10/07, p.C5)

1965        Apr 8, Erik A. Blomberg (70), Swedish art historian, poet, author, died.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1965        Apr 14, Perry E. Smith and Robert E. Hickok, US murderers, were hanged. Their 1959 murder of a Kansas farm family was described by Truman Capote (1924-1984) in his 1965 book: “In Cold Blood"
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perry_Smith_(murderer))(WSJ, 5/19/07, p.P8)

1965        Jul 31, J. K. Rowling, British writer, was born in Yate, Gloucestershire. She became famous for her Harry Potter fantasy series. By 2012 she was the world’s richest author with a net worth of some $910 million.   
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._K._Rowling)(http://tinyurl.com/8mvqqjl)

1965        Sep 14, Vasily Grossman (b.1964, Soviet writer, died in Moscow. In 1961 his novel “Life and Fate," a book about Nazis and Soviets at war, was confiscated. A copy was smuggled to the US and published in English 1985. In 2011 the BBC dramatized the book on Radio 4.
    (Econ, 9/10/11, p.98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vasily_Grossman)

1965        Dec 16, Somerset Maugham (91), author, died. His books included “The Moon and Sixpence" (1919), a novel whose main character is based on Paul Gauguin. In 2004 Jeffrey Meyers authored "Somerset Maugham: A Life."
    (SSFC, 2/29/04, p.M3)(Econ, 3/6/04, p.75)

1965        Irving Kristol (1920-2009), political writer and publisher, and Daniel Bell (1919-2011) founded the “Public Interest," an American quarterly public policy journal.
    (Econ, 9/26/09, p.100)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Public_Interest)

1966        Mar 21, Supreme Court reversed Massachusetts ruling that Fanny Hill" is  obscene.
    (MC, 3/21/02)

1966        Apr 2, Cecil Scott Forester (66), English author (Horatio Hornblower), died.
    (MC, 4/2/02)

1966        Apr 10, Evelyn Waugh (b.1903), British writer, satirist (Brideshead Revisited), died. He also wrote “The Loved Ones," a satire on California burial customs and “Vile Bodies." His correspondence with Nancy Mitford, novelist of manners, was edited by Charlotte Mosley and published in 1997. In 2007 Alexander Waugh, grandson of Evelyn Waugh, authored “Fathers and Sons," his biography of the Waugh family.
    (WSJ, 4/29/97, p.A18)(SFC, 9/11/04, p.E1)(WSJ, 5/26/07, p.P6)

1966        S.Y. Agnon (1888-1970), Jewish writer, shared the Nobel Prize in Literature with Nelly Sachs, a German-born Swede.
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/agnon.htm)(AP, 10/8/09)

1966        Robert Heinlein (1907-1988) published his novel “The Moon is a Harsh Mistress." His setting was a penal colony on the moon in 2075.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.383)(WSJ, 4/18/09, p.W8)

1966        Frederick Knott (d.2002 at 86), playwright, wrote "Wait Until Dark." It ran for 373 performances on Broadway. In 1967 Terence Young made it into a film.
    (SFC, 12/24/02, p.A16)

1966        Naguib Mahfouz, Nobel Prize (1988), published his novel "Adrift on the Nile."
    (SSFC, 10/19/03, p.C11)

1967        Mar 7, Alice B. Toklas (b.1877), the life partner of writer Gertrude Stein, died In Paris, France. Her work included “The Alice B. Toklas Cookbook" (1954). In 2007 Janet Malcolm authored “Two Lives: Gertrude and Alice."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_B._Toklas)(WSJ, 9/25/07, p.D6)

1967        May 1, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Bernard Malamud (Fixer).
    (MC, 5/1/02)

1967        May 22, J. Langston Hughes (b.1902), poet laureate, US author (Tambourines to Glory), died.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1967        Jun 3, Arthur Ransome (b.1884), English author of children’s adventure stories, died. He is best known for writing the “Swallows and Amazons" series of children's books. It is believed that he served as a double agent and worked in the Russian service after the collapse of the Czarist regime. In 1918 he wrote a propaganda pamphlet titled: “On Behalf of Russia: An Open Letter to America." In 2009 Roland Chambers authored “The Last Englishman: The Double Life of Arthur Ransome."
    (Econ, 8/29/09, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Ransome)

1967        Sep 29, Author Carson McCullers (b.1917) died in Nyack, N.Y., at age 50. Her first novel “The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter" explores the spiritual isolation of misfits and outcasts of the US South. Her short story “The Ballad of the Sad Café" (1951) was turned into a play by Edward Albee and was made into a film (1991) of the same name with Vanessa Redgrave.
    (AP, 9/29/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carson_McCullers)

1967        Miguel A. Asturias (1899-1974) of Guatemala won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (AP, 10/8/09))(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miguel_%C3%81ngel_Asturias)

1967        John Gregory Dunne (1932-2003) authored "Delano," an account of the California grape strike.
    (SFC, 1/1/04, p.A23)

1967        S.E. Hinton authored “The Outsiders," her 1st novel. In 1983 a film version starred Emilio Estevez, Rob Lowe, C. Thomas Howell, Patrick Swayze, and Tom Cruise. It was directed by Francis Ford Coppola and produced by Fred Roos.
    {Writer, film}
    (SFC, 9/20/05, p.E1)(www.sehinton.com/bio/)

1967        Margaret Lovett (b.1910), English writer, authored "The Great and Terrible Quest," a children's historical novel set in medieval Italy.
    (Econ, 8/30/03, p.62)

1967        Norman Mailer (1923-2007), American writer, authored “Why Are We in Vietnam."
    (SSFC, 11/11/07, p.A7)

1967        The book "A Hundred Years of Solitude," by Colombian novelist Gabriel Garcia Marquez (b.1927), was published in Spanish.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One_Hundred_Years_of_Solitude)

1967        Author Alexander Solzhenitsyn met with Olga Andreyev Carlisle in Moscow. She agreed to get smuggled copies of "The First Circle" and "The Gulag Archipelago" published in the West. The novel, completed in 1964, was banned by Soviet officials. A shortened version came out in English in 1968. After some years a feud ensued when Solzhenitsyn accused Carlisle of being motivated only by profit and personal acclaim. An unedited English version was scheduled for publication in 2009.
    (SSFC, 1/25/04, p.A1)(SFC, 7/16/08, p.E6)

1968        Apr 16, Edna Ferber (b.1885), US author and playwright, died in NYC. Her novels included “Show Boat" (1926), which was produced on Broadway in 1927 and later adopted 4 times as a movie.
    (www.apl.org/history/ferber/edna.bio.html)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edna_Ferber)

1968        May 8, William Styron (1925-2006), a white author, received the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for “The Confessions of Nat Turner" (1967). The book was based on the true story of an 1831 slave revolt in Virginia. Some black intellectuals, including Cornell historian John Henrik Clarke, published a critical response to the book.
    (www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/rfk/sfeature/sf_1968_text_05.html)

1968        Aug 19, George Gamow (b.1904), physicist and writer, died. He popularized the idea of The Big Bang.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.335)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Gamow)

1968        Sep 21, Charles Jackson (b.1903), American writer, died of barbiturate poisoning in NYC. He was known for his novel “The Lost Weekend" (1944). In 2013 Blake Bailey authored “Farther & Wilder: The Lost Weekends and Literary Dreams of Charles Jackson."
    (SSFC, 3/24/13, p.F2)

1968        Nov 25, Upton B. Sinclair (b.1878), US novelist and social reformer (Jungle), died at age 90. His work included almost 50 novels, over 20 nonfiction books, plays and countless pieces of journalism. In 1975 Leon A. Harris Jr. (d.2000) authored "Upton Sinclair, American Rebel." In 2006 Anthony Arthur authored “Radical Innocent: Upton Sinclair."
    (www.americanwriters.org/writers/sinclair.asp)(WSJ, 2/23/06, p.D8)(WSJ, 6/10/06, p.P8)

1968        Dec 10, Thomas Merton, a Trappist monk writer, died in Bangkok, Thailand from accidental electrocution. He had just finished his 7th journal "The Other side of the Mountain." Merton was influenced by the Hindu scholar Mahanambrata Brahmachari (d.1999). Merton's work also the spiritual autobiography "The Seven Story Mountain." In 1978 Monica Furlong (d.2003) authored a biography of Merton.
    (SFC, 2/24/98, p.A22)(SFEC, 9/27/98, BR p.3)(SFC, 11/2/99, p.A26)(SFC, 2/3/03, p.B4)(WSJ, 3/26/03, p.D8)

1968        Dec 20, John Steinbeck (b.1902), California-born author, died from a bad heart in New York City at age 66. He won the Nobel Prize in 1940. In 1995 Jay Parini published "John Steinbeck: A Biography."
    (AP, 12/20/97)(SFEC, 6/21/98, DB p.35)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Steinbeck)

1968        Roland Barthes (1915-1980), French literary critic, published his essay “The Death of the Author." In his essay, Barthes criticizes the reader's tendency to consider aspects of the author's identity—his political views, historical context, religion, ethnicity, psychology, or other biographical or personal attributes—to distill meaning from his work.
    (WSJ, 8/2/08, p.W9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_of_the_author)

1968        Richard Bradford (1932-2002) authored his novel "Red Sky at Morning." A film version was released in 1971.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Bradford)(SFC, 11/8/99, p.C2)(SFC, 3/27/02, p.A21)

1968        Herb Caen (1916-1997), SF newspaper columnist, wrote his 7th book: "City of Golden Hills."
    (SFEC, 2/2/97, p.A13)

1968        Carlos Castaneda (d.1998 at 72) published his thesis: "The Teachings of Don Juan: A Yaqui Way of Knowledge," with the Univ. of Calif. Press. It became an int’l. best seller. He went on to publish "A Separate Reality," "Journey to Ixtlan," and others.
    (SFC, 6/19/98, p.A2)

1968        "The Warrior Pharaohs" by British author Leonard Cottrell (1913-1974) was published by Evans Brothers Ltd, London.
    (L.C.-W.P., 1968)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Cottrell)

1968        Philip Dick (1928-1982) authored his sci-fi novel "Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep." In 1982 it was made into the film "Blade Runner."
    (SFC, 6/25/02, p.D1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_K._Dick)

1968        Frederick Exley (1929-1992), American novelist, published his book "A Fan’s Notes," a fictional memoir of his failed life. In 1997 Jonathon Yardley published: "Misfit: The Strange Life of Frederick Exley."
    (SFEC, 8/17/97, BR p.3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Exley)

1968        Don Freeman (1908-1978), painter and children’s writer, authored "Corduroy," the story of a teddy bear named Corduroy, who is bought in a department store by a girl named Lisa.
    (SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Don_Freeman)

1968        Graham Greene wrote "Travels With My Aunt." In 1989 it was adopted for stage by Giles Havergal, director of the Citizens’ Theater in Glasgow.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, DB p.25)

1968        Arthur Hailey (1920-2004) author his best-selling novel "Airport."
    (HN, 4/5/01)(SFC, 11/26/04, p.B3)

1968        H. Richard Hornberger (1924-1997), under the pseudonym of Richard Hooker, collaborated with W.C. Heinz on the Korean War novel "MASH." It was made into a film in 1970 and a TV series (1972-1977).
    (SFEC, 8/29/99, BR p.3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H._Richard_Hornberger)

1968        Chuang Hua (1931-2000), the pen name of Stella Yang Copley, authored her novel “Crossings," an experimental novel on the life of a first generation Chinese-American woman.
    (www.ndpublishing.com/books/chuanghuacrossings.html)

1968        James Michener (1907-1997), American author, wrote his travel book "Iberia," a detailed and illustrated exploration of Spain at it was during the mid 1960s.
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_A._Michener)

1968        Anton Myrer (1922-1996), American writer, authored "Once an Eagle," a story of the US Army from WW I to Vietnam. It pitted an honorable officer against a self-serving officer and sold millions of copies.
    (SFC, 8/20/99, p.D7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton_Myrer)

1968        William Safire (1929-2009), conservative journalist and presidential speechwriter, authored “Safire’s Political Dictionary."
    (Econ, 10/3/09, p.11)

1968        Tom Wolfe (b.1931), American writer and journalist, authored "The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test." It was about the 1964 road trip by Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters to the NY World’s Fair.
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Wolfe)

1969        Mar 25, Max Forrester Eastman (b.1883), US critic and essayist, died. His books included  “Love and Revolution: My Journey Through an Epoch" (1964).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Eastman)

1969        Mar 26, Writer John Kennedy Toole (b.1937) committed suicide at the age of 32. His mother helped get his first and only novel, "A Confederacy of Dunces," published. It went on to win the 1981 Pulitzer Prize.
    (HN, 3/26/01)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Kennedy_Toole)
1969        Mar 26, B. Traven (b.1890), novelist and short-story writer, died. He lived most of his life incognito in Mexico. His work included "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre" (1934), "The Death Ship," The Rebellion of the Hanged" and "The General from the Jungle." In 1976 Michael L. Baumann authored "B. Traven, An Introduction." In 2000 Michael L. Baumann authored "Mr. Traven, I Presume."
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, BR p.8)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/traven.htm)

1969        May 4, F. Osbert S. Sitwell (76), English poet (Who Killed Cock Robin?), died.
    (MC, 5/4/02)

1969        May 5, A Pulitzer prize was awarded to Norman Mailer (Armies of the Night).
    (MC, 5/5/02)

1969        Aug 14, Leonard Sidney Woolf (b.1880), English publisher, writer, died. He was the husband of writer and critic Virginia Woolf (1882-1941). His books included “The Village in the Jungle," a novel based on his time in Sri Lanka (1904-1911). In 2006 Victoria Glendinning authored “Leonard Woolf: A Biography."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Woolf)(Econ, 9/16/06, p.93)

1969        Oct 21, Jack Kerouac (47), Beat Generation chronicler, died of alcoholism in St. Petersburg, Fla. He wrote "On the Road" (1957), "Desolation Angels," "Vanity of Duluoz," and "Dharma Bums." Japhy Ryder the Zen hobo-poet in the book was modeled after poet Gary Snyder. In 1979 Dennis McNally authored the biography "Desolate Angel." In 1998 Ellis Amburn published "Subterranean Kerouac: The Hidden Life of Jack Kerouac." In 1999 Barry Miles published "Jack Kerouac, King of the Beats: A Portrait." In 2004 Douglas Brinkley edited “Windblown World: The Journals of Jack Kerouac."
    (SFC, 6/7/96, p.A22)(SFC, 9/1/96, DB p.30)(SFEC, 5/31/98, p.A17)(SFEC, 8/9/98, BR 9 p.3)(SFEC, 1/17/99, BR p.3)(SSFC, 8/11/02, p.M1)(SSFC, 10/17/04, p.M1)

1969        Nov 4, Author Alexander Solzhenitsyn was expelled from Soviet Writers Union.
    (http://files.osa.ceu.hu/holdings/300/8/3/text/66-1-414.shtml)

1969        George MacDonald Fraser (1925-2008), British writer, authored the novel “Flashman," the 1st in a series celebrating the adventures of Sir Harry Paget Flashman. Brigadier-General Sir Harry Paget Flashman is a fictional character originally created by the author Thomas Hughes in his semi-autobiographical work Tom Brown's Schooldays, first published in 1857. In this book, set at Rugby School, Flashman is the notorious bully, who persecutes its eponymous hero Tom Brown.
    (WSJ, 11/5/05, p.P8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Paget_Flashman)
1969        Clifford Irving (b.1930), American writer, published "Fake," the story of Hungarian art forger Elmyr de Hory (1906-1976). The int'l. de Hory scam became public in 1967. Irving and De Hory were featured in the 1975 Orson Welles film "F" for Fake.
    {USA, Books, Artist, Hungary}
    (SFC, 7/29/99, p.E6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clifford_Irving)
1969        James Michener (1907-1997), American writer, authored "Presidential Lottery."
    {Writer, USA, Books}
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Michener)
1969        Mario Puzo (1920-1999) wrote his novel "The Godfather." It was made into a hit movie in 1972.
    (WSJ, 5/1/97, p.A16)
1969        Gay Talese (b.1932) authored “The Kingdom and the Power," an inside story of the NY Times from the post war period through the 1960s.
    {Journalism, NYC, USA, Books}
    (WSJ, 1/21/06, p.P11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gay_Talese)
1969        Kurt Vonnegut (1922-2007) authored "Slaughterhouse-Five." It was set in Dresden, Germany, during the allied bombing of the city on Feb 13, 1945. He also wrote "Mother Night" (1961) which was made into a film in 1996.
    (WSJ, 10/22/96, p.A20)(WSJ, 11/1/96, p.A11)

1970        Feb 17, S.Y. Agnon, Jewish writer and Nobel Prize winner (1966) died in Jerusalem. His books included “Days of Awe," a compendium of Jewish practices, legends and commentaries.
    (WSJ, 9/22/07, p.W6)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/agnon.htm)

1970        Apr 11, John H. O'Hara (b.1905), US journalist and novelist (Pal Joey, Rage to Live), died. In 2003 Geoffrey Wolff authored "The Art of Burning Bridges: The Life of John O'Hara."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_O%27Hara)(SSFC, 8/31/03, p.M2)

1970        May 22, Joseph W. Krutch (b.1893), US writer, died. His books included “Measure of Man" (1954).
    (www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/323961/Joseph-Wood-Krutch)

1970        May 29, John Gunther (b.1901), American journalist and author, died.
    (www.hwwilson.com/Print/14gunther.html)

1970        Apr 11, John H. O'Hara (b.1905), US journalist and novelist (Pal Joey, Rage to Live), died. In 2003 Geoffrey Wolff authored "The Art of Burning Bridges: The Life of John O'Hara."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_O%27Hara)(SSFC, 8/31/03, p.M2)

1970        May 22, Joseph W. Krutch (b.1893), US writer, died. His books included “Measure of Man" (1954).
    (www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/323961/Joseph-Wood-Krutch)

1970        Jun 7, E.M. Forster (b.1879 as Edward Morgan Forster), English novelist, died. His novels included “A Room With a View" (1908) and “A Passage to India" (1924). In 2010 Frank Kermode authored “Concerning E.M. Forster." Wendy Moffat authored “A Great Unrecorded History: A new Life of E.M. Forster."
    (SFC,12/26/97, p.C22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E._M._Forster)(Econ, 5/1/10, p.87)

1970        Sep 25, Erich M. Remarque (b.1898), German writer, died. His books included “Im West Nichts Neues" (All Quiet on the Western Front), 1929.
    (http://kirjasto.sci.fi/remarque.htm)

1970        Sep 28, John Roderigo Dos Passos (b.1896), US writer (Manhattan Transfer), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Dos_Passos)

1970        Nov 25, Yukio Mishima (45), Japanese author and nationalist (Hara-kiri), invaded military headquarters in Tokyo and committed ritual suicide samurai-style. His death was an act of protest after he failed to persuade the country's Self Defense Force to stage a coup and renounce the US-imposed postwar constitution that banned Japanese aggressive military action. His books included "The Sound of Waves" and "The Temple and the Golden Pavilion." In 1998 Jiro Fukushima published a memoir that contained 15 letters from Mishima and descriptions of a sexual liaison with Mishima. A lawsuit soon halted book sales.
    (SFEC, 1/25/98, Z1 p.2)(SFC, 10/21/99, p.B7)

1970        Richard Bach (b.1936), American writer, authored his novel "Jonathan Livingston Seagull."
    (SFC, 6/27/00, p.A23)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Bach)

1970        Jim Bouton (b.1939) published his controversial "Ball Four."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ball_Four)

1970        Dee Brown (1908-2002), American writer, published "Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee,"  a history of Native Americans in the American West in the late nineteenth century and their displacement and slaughter by the United States federal government.   
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bury_My_Heart_at_Wounded_Knee)

1970        J. Desmond Clark (d.2002), professor at UC Berkeley, authored "The Pre-history of Africa."
    (SFC, 2/16/02, p.A25)

1970        James Dickey (1923-1997), American author, published his novel "Deliverance."
    (SFC,1/21/97, p.A20)

1970        Shulamith Firestone (1945-2012) authored “The Dialectic of Sex: The Case For Feminist Revolution."
    (SFC, 9/4/12, p.C4)

1970        Germaine Greer (b.1939), Australian academic writer, published "The Female Eunuch." The work insisted on women's right to free sexuality and vaginal pleasure. In 1999 Christine Wallace published the biography: "Germaine Greer: Untamed Shrew."
    (SFEC, 7/4/99, BR p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germaine_Greer)

1970        Tony Hillerman (1925-2008), American writer, introduced Lt. Joe Leaphorn in his first detective novel "The Blessing Way," as an experienced police officer who understood, but did not share his people's traditional belief in a rich spirit world. Officer Jim Chee, introduced in "People of Darkness" (1978), was a younger officer studying to become a "hathaali" — Navajo for "shaman."
    (AP, 10/27/08)

1970        "Slag," the first major play by English dramatist David Hare (b.1947), had its premier.
    (WSJ, 7/16/97, p.A20)

1970        Dr. Arthur Janov authored his int’l. bestseller “The Primal Scream," a book that revolutionized the world of psychotherapy.
    (www.primaltherapy.com/SEO/items_books.shtml)

1970        Joseph Lieberman authored "The Scorpion and the Tarantula: The Struggle to Control Atomic Weapons 1945-1969." Lieberman stood as the Democratic candidate for vice-president with Al Gore in 2000.
    (WSJ, 8/30/00, p.A26)

1970        Susan Lydon (1943-2005) authored the feminist essay “The Politics of Orgasm" in the Rolling Stone rock magazine.
    (SSFC, 7/24/05, p.A19)

1970        Malachi Martin (d.1999 at 78), an Irish-born former Jesuit, published "The Encounter," a study of Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
    (SFC, 7/30/99, p.D8)

1970        James Michener (d.1997 at 90) wrote "The Quality of Life."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)

1970        George L. Mosse (1918-1999), a Univ. of Wisconsin historian, published "Germans and Jews: The Right, the Left, and the Search for a 'Third Force' in Pre-Nazi Germany."
    (SFEC, 1/31/99, p.D8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Mosse)

1970        Lewis Mumford (1895-1990), American historian of technology and science, published "The Myth of the Machine."
    (Wired, 8/96, p.168)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lewis_Mumford)

1970        Michael Ondaatje, Sri Lanka-born writer, authored his novel "The Collected Works of Billy the Kid."
    (SSFC, 9/9/01, DB p.70)

1970        Linus Pauling (1901-1994) authored “Vitamin C and the Common Cold" in which he declared that large doses of Vitamin C could ward off colds.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linus_Pauling)

1970        Robert Peterson (1906-2006) authored “Only the Ball Was White," the first history of baseball’s US Negro Leagues.
    (SFC, 2/21/06, p.B5)

1970        Harold Pinter (b.1930), English playwright and actor, wrote his play "Old Times."
    (SFC, 6/16/98, p.D1)

1970        Charles A. Reich (b.1928), a professor at Yale Univ. Law School, published his "Greening of America" first in the New Yorker and then as a book. In this work Reich predicted that "something called Consciousness III would soon create a social revolution by wiping out its ugly forbear, Consciousness II."  In 1995 he published a new book, "Opposing the System," wherein he explained why the greening of America never took place. In 2000 Roger Kimball followed the thread with "The Long March." "…everything is sucked through the sieve of politics and the ideology of victimhood."
    (WSJ, 10/3/95, p.A-18)(WSJ, 6/28/00, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_A._Reich)

1970        Richard Scammon (1915-2001) and Ben J. Wattenberg (b.1933) authored "The Real Majority." They argued that the Democratic Party needed to focus on social issues in order to survive.
    (SSFC, 4/29/01, p.A27)

1970        Yasundo Takahashi (1912-1996), professor at UC Berkeley, wrote his textbook "Control and Dynamic Systems." It became a standard reference in the field of control engineering, the study of how machines work.
    (http://tinyurl.com/6qjaoo)(http://catalog.library.ksu.edu.sa/digital/153142.html)

1970        Alvin Toffler (b.1928) "Future Shock," and argued that technology was changing so rapidly that individuals could find themselves strangers in their own cultures.
    (HN, 10/4/00)(NW, 9/16/02, p.34D)

1971        Apr 3, Manfred Bennington Lee (65), detective writer, died. Brooklyn cousins Daniel  Nathan, alias Frederic Dannay (1905-1982) and Manford Lepofsky, alias Manfred Bennington Lee (b.1905), used Ellery Queen as both a fictional character and a pseudonym.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ellery_Queen)

1971        May 3, John Toland (1912-2004), American author and historian, won a Pulitzer prize  for “Rising Sun" (1970) which chronicles Imperial Japan from its Manchurian involvement following World War I to the end of World War II.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Toland_(author))

1971        Jun 1, Reinhold Niebuhr (b.1892), US theologist, died. His Serenity Prayer became widely used by Alcoholics Anonymous: "God, give us grace to accept with serenity the things that cannot be changed, courage to change the things which should be changed, and the wisdom to distinguish the one from the other." His books included “Moral Man and Immoral Society" (1932) and “Nature & Destiny of Man" (1942).  (SSFC, 5/4/03, p.F2)(WSJ, 12/29/07, p.W8)

1971        Al Alvarez (b.1929), British writer, authored the best seller "The Savage God: A Study of Suicide."
    (WSJ, 12/27/00, p.A10)(www.oundlesociety.org/AlAlvarez.asp)
1971        Jacques Barzun (b.1907) and Wendell Hertig Taylor (1905-1985) authored “A Catalog of Crime." It became recognized as the best compendium of mystery and espionage literature ever assembled.
    (WSJ, 2/3/07, p.P12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Catalogue_of_Crime)
1971        Frederick Forsyth (b.1938) published his thriller novel "The Day of the Jackal," about an attempt to assassinate Charles de Gaulle. It was made into a film in 1973. It was remade into a 1997 film called "The Jackal" and another film about Carlos the Jackal, unrelated to the book, called "The Assignment."
    (SFC, 11/6/96, p.B8)(SFC, 3/15/97, p.A19)(WSJ, 4/18/97, p.A16)(SFEC, 8/24/97, DB p.65)
1971        John Gardner (1933-1982), American novelist, authored his novel "Grendel" based on the Beowulf poem. It retold the story from the monster’s point of view.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R53)
1971        Ivan Illich (1926-2002), Austrian philosopher, anarchist social critic and former Catholic priest, authored "De-Schooling Society."
    (SFC, 12/4/02, p.A28)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_Illich)
1971        Ursula LeGuin (b.1929), American author, published "The Lathe of Heaven," a science fiction novel where all the dreams of the main character come true.
    (WSJ, 1/1/00, p.R8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ursula_K._Le_Guin)
1971        Robert Ludlum (1927-2001) authored "The Scarlatti Inheritance," his 1st suspense novel.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A25)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/ludlum.htm)
1971        John McPhee (b.1931), American pioneer of narrative non-fiction, authored "Encounters with the Archdruid."
    (SFC, 5/25/96, p.A13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_McPhee)
1971        James Michener (1907-1997), American writer, authored "Kent State: What Happened and Why" as well as his novel "The Drifters."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Michener)
1971        Walker Percy (1916-1990), American Southern writer, authored his novel "Love in the Ruins."
    (SSFC, 4/20/03, p.M3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walker_Percy)
1971        Donald Richie (b.1924) authored his novel ""The Inland Sea," about a lonely American island-hopping across Japan’s Inland Sea.
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.C8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Richie)
1971        Anne Sexton (1928-1974), American poet and writer, authored "Transformations." It retold classic fairy stories with a Freudian twist and personal references and formed the basis for Conrad Susa’s 1973 opera of the same name.
    (WSJ, 7/2/97, p.A12)(SFC, 6/23/98, p.D1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Sexton)
1971        Ngugi wa Thiongo, Kenyan writer, published his novel “Petals of Blood." He was soon imprisoned by the government of Pres. Daniel arap Moi for his  satire. Upon his release he went into exile and established himself as an American academic.
    (Econ, 8/19/06, p.70)
1971        Hunter S. Thompson (1937-2005), "gonzo journalist," wrote "Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas." It was made into a film in 1998. The term gonzo was 1st applied to Thompson by his journalist friend Bill Cardoso (d.1006 at 68). The term had kicked around Boston for some time and was used by youth in the 1950s to describe something as over the top.
    (SFC, 5/22/98, p.C1)(SSFC, 3/5/06, p.B7)

1972        Jan 7, John Berryman, US poet (Imaginary Jew), died after he jumped off a bridge. His former wife, Eileen Simpson, died in 2002. Simpson authored her memoir "Poets in Their Youth" in 1982.
    (MC, 1/7/02)(SFC, 10/26/02, p.A24)

1972        Feb 15, Edgar P. Snow (b.1905), US journalist and author (Battle for Asia, Red Star Over China), died in Switzerland.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org)

1972        Apr 24, Natalie Clifford Barney (b.1876), lesbian writer and US expatriate, died in Paris. In 2002 Suzanne Rodriguez authored "Wild Heart, A Life: Natalie Clifford Barney’s Journey From Victorian America to the Literary Salons of Paris."
    (SSFC, 10/27/02, p.M6)(www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7157)

1972        May 20, Walter Winchell (75), columnist, narrator (Untouchables), died.
    (MC, 5/20/02)

1972        Jun 12, Edmund Wilson (b.1895), author and American literary critic, died. His novels included “Memoirs of Hecate County" (1946). In 1995 Jeffrey Meyers wrote a biography of Mr. Wilson, wherein he documented Wilson’s relationships with four wives and numerous mistresses as well as his writings. In 2005 Lewis M. Dabney authored “Edmund Wilson: A Life in Literature." In 2007 the Library of America published 2 volumes of his literary criticism.
    (WSJ, 4/26/95, p.A-14)(WSJ, 8/26/05, p.W6)(www.nndb.com/people/238/000084983/)(WSJ, 9/28/07, p.W4)

1972        George Alec Affinger (d.2002 at 55) authored his 1st novel "What Entropy Means to Me."
    (SFC, 4/30/02, p.A24)
1972        Dr. Robert C. Atkins (1930-2003), cardiologist, published his weight loss plan "Dr. Atkins’ Diet Revolution," which allowed patients to eat fat but restricted carbohydrates.
    (SFC, 4/18/03, p.A1)
1972        John Berger (b.1926), English art critic and novelist, authored his Booker Prize-winning novel “G." Berger won the Booker Prize for his novel "G." He later authored "A Seventh Man."
    (SSFC, 1/6/02, p.M2)(SSFC, 8/7/05, p.C1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Berger)
1972        Heinrich Boll (1917-1985) of West Germany won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (AP, 10/8/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinrich_B%C3%B6ll)
1972        Paul Bowles published his autobiography: "Without Stopping." In 1999 Jennifer Baichul premiered her documentary on Bowles: "Let It Come Down, The Life of Paul Bowles."
    (SFC, 7/12/99, p.E3)
1972        Carol (Dariff) Botwin (d.1997 at 68) wrote "Sex and the Teenage Girl."
    (SFC, 4/16/97, p.A21)
1972        Leo Buscaglia (d.1998 at 74), published his book "Love."
    (SFC, 6/13/98, p.A21)
1972        Herb Caen, SF newspaper columnist, wrote his 8th book "The Cable Car and the Dragons."
    (SFEC, 2/2/97, p.A13)
1972        Italo Calvino (1923-1985), Italian novelist, authored “Invisible Cities."
    (Econ, 12/8/12, IL p.12)
1972        Alex Comfort (1920-2000), British author, published his "Joy of Sex." The book sold 12 million copies worldwide.
    (SFC, 3/28/00, p.E1)
1972        Timothy Crouse authored “The Boys on the Bus," an account of the press pack covering the 1972 presidential campaigns of Richard Nixon and George McGovern.
    (WSJ, 12/1/07, p.W10)(www.mediabistro.com/articles/cache/a3133.asp)
1972        Thomas M. Disch authored his science fiction novel "334," on events following the passage of the Revised Genetic Testing Act of 2011.
    (WSJ, 1/1/00, p.R8)
1972        Janet Flanner (1892-1978), American writer, authored "Paris Was Yesterday." She served as the Paris correspondent of The New Yorker magazine from 1925 until she retired in 1975.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, T-5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janet_Flanner)
1972        George V. Higgins (d.1999 at 59) published "The Friends of Eddie Coyle." It was made into a 1973 film with Robert Mitchum and Peter Boyle.
    (SFEC, 11/7/99, p.C10)
1972        Vance Packard (1914-1996) wrote "A Nation of Strangers," a critique of the decline of the American family and loss of community ties.
    (SFC, 12/13/96, p.B6)
1972        Ismael Reed (b.1938), African-American writer, authored "Mumbo Jumbo."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ishmael_Reed)
1972        Eudora Welty (1909-2001), Mississippi based writer, authored "The Optimist’s Daughter." In 1973 it won her a Pulitzer Prize.
    (SSFC, 3/29/09, p.G5)

1972        Yasunari Kawabata (b.1899), a 1968 Nobel laureate in literature, committed suicide without explanation.
    (SFEC, 1/25/98, Z1 p.2)

1973        Feb 22, Elizabeth Bowen (b.1899), Irish-British novelist and short story writer, died. Her books included “A Time in Rome" (1959).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Bowen)(WSJ, 6/14/08, p.W10)

1973        Mar 6, Pearl Sydenstricker Buck (b.1892), author, died in Vermont. Her books included “The Good Earth" (1931), for which she won the 1938 Nobel Prize in Literature. In 2010 Hilary Spurling authored “Pearl Buck in China: Journey to the Good Earth."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pearl_S._Buck)(Econ, 4/10/10, p.85)

1973        Mar 26, Noel Coward (73), English playwright, died. He was called "The Master" and his work included "The Vortex," "Hay Fever," "Private Lives," "Brief Encounter" and "Blithe Spirit." "Noel Coward: A Biography" by Philip Hoare was published in 1996. Another biography, "A Talent to Amuse" by Sheridan Morley, published in 1974, was recommended. In 1970 he was given knighthood.
    (WSJ, 8/15/96, p.A10)(SFEC, 8/25/96, BR p.9)(SS, 3/26/02)

1973        Jun 9, John Creasey (b.1908), British mystery writer, died. He authored at least 600 mystery novels under 28 pseudonyms. His novel Gideon’s Day was turned into the film “Gideon of Scotland Yard" (1959).
    (WSJ, 1/31/09, p.W8)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/creasey.htm)

1973        Aug 17, Conrad Aiken (b.1889), American Pulitzer winning poet and novelist, died.
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/caiken.htm)

1973        Sep 2, John R. R. Tolkien, British story writer, died of ulcer at 81. His work included "The Hobbit" and the "Lord of the Rings" trilogy. In 2007 his son Christopher Tolkien edited “The Children of Hurin," compiled from notes and material left by his father.
    (WSJ, 7/15/96, p.B1)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.94)

1973        Dec 28, Alexander Solzhenitsyn published "Gulag Archipelago" in Paris. It was an expose of the Soviet prison system.
    (AP, 12/28/97)(WSJ, 12/11/98, p.W15)

1973        Ernest Becker authored "The Denial of Death." It reflected a cultural belief that the denial of death in the US was a pathology responsible for Western woes from materialism to militarism.
    (SSFC, 12/8/02, p.M2)
1973        Daniel Bell (1919-2011) authored “The Coming of Post-Industrial Society."
    (Econ, 2/5/11, p.80)
1973        Shaun Herron (1912-1989), Ireland-born author, authored “The Whore-Mother," a novel about the Troubles in Northern Ireland.
    (WSJ, 10/28/06, p.P12)(www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/people/herron_s.shtml)
1973        Dr. Mary C. Raugust Howell (1932-1998) contributed to the women’s medical guide: "Our Bodies, Ourselves." The book arose out of a 35-cent, 136-page booklet called Women and Their Bodies, published in 1970 by the New England Free Press, and written by 12 Boston feminist activists.
    (SFC, 2/6/98, p.A23)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Our_Bodies,_Ourselves)
1973        Erica Jong (b.1942), American author, published her novel "Fear of Flying."
    (WSJ, 8/31/98, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erica_Jong)
1973        Primo Levi (1920-1987) authored "The Periodic Table," a memoir that incorporated many of his experiences at the Auschwitz concentration camp.
    (SSFC, 5/26/02, p.M1)
1973        James Michener (1907-1997), American author, published "A Michener Miscellany."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_A._Michener)
1973        Jean Pasqualini (1926-1997) authored "Prisoner of Mao" with journalist Rudolph Chelminski. He told of his 7 years in China as a political prisoner in a labor camp. He was born in Beijing to a Corsican father and Chinese mother, Mr. Pasqualini was educated in French and British schools in Tianjin and Shanghai. His Chinese name was Bao Ruowang.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A19)(http://tinyurl.com/4oc5vw)
1973        Thomas Pynchon (b.1937), American author, published his 760-page novel "Gravity’s Rainbow."
    (SFEC, 8/6/00, DB p.39)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Pynchon)
1973        Patrick White (1912-1990), British-born Australian, won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (AP, 10/8/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrick_White)

1974        Sep 21, Jacqueline Susann (b.1918), author, died of cancer. Her books included "Valley of the Dolls" (1966). In 1987 Barbara Seaman authored Susann's biography: "Lovely Me." In 2000 the film "Isn't She Great" starred Bette Midler as Susann.
    (SFC, 1/26/00, p.B1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacqueline_Susann)

1974        Woodward and Bernstein wrote "All the President's Men." A film based on the book was made in 1976. In 2003 Woodward and Bernstein sold their Watergate research papers to the Univ. of Texas for $5 million.
    (SFC, 12/30/99, p.E3)(WSJ, 4/18/03, p.W13)

1974        Robert A. Caro authored "The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York."
    (WSJ, 5/1/02, p.D7)(SSFC, 5/5/02, p.M2)

1974        Cleveland Amory authored "Man Kind," a seminal book on his work with animals.
    (SFC, 10/16/98, p.D4)

1974        Augusto Roa Bastos (1917-2005), Paraguay writer, authored “Yo, el Supremo" (I, the Supreme).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augusto_Roa_Bastos)(Econ, 8/2/14, p.27)

1974        Doubleday published the 1st edition of "Jaws" by Peter Benchley (1940-2006). In 1975 Steven Spielberg turned it into a movie.
    (http://www3.isrl.uiuc.edu/~unsworth/courses/bestsellers/search.cgi?title=Jaws)(SFC, 2/13/06, p.B3)

1974        Raoul Berger (d.2000 at 99), constitutional scholar, authored "Executive Privilege," which helped undermine Nixon's claims for executive privilege. Executive privilege 1st gained recognition with a 1974 Supreme Court ruling that endorsed a president's right to keep internal office communications private.
    (SFC, 9/27/00, p.A25)(SFC, 1/30/02, p.A10)

1974         Michael R. Best and Frank H. Brightman edited "The Book of secrets of Albertus Magnus," which contained a recipe for Greek Fire.
    (AM, May/Jun 97 p.10)

1974        Heinrich Boll authored “The Lost Honor of Katharina Blum."
    (Econ, 6/9/07, p.97)

1974        Steward Brand published "II Cybernetic Frontiers."
    (Wired, 5/97, p.101)

1974        Britannica under editor Warren Preece (d.2007) published its 15th edition (Britannica 3), which featured three parts: the Propaedia, the Micropaedia, and the Macropaedia.
    (SFC, 4/17/07, p.D7)

1974        Leo Buscaglia (d.1998 at 74), published his book "The Way of the Bull."
    (SFC, 6/13/98, p.A21)

1974        Eleanor Cameron (1912-1996) received the National Book Award for "The Court of the Stone Children." She wrote 17 books for children and one novel, "The Unheard Music," and 2 collections of criticism on children's literature.
    (SFEC, 10/13/96, p.B6)

1974        British novelist John le Carre authored his cold war thriller “Tinker, Taylor, Soldier, Spy." In 1979 it was adopted by the BBC for television.
    (Econ, 9/17/11, p.92)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tinker,_Tailor,_Soldier,_Spy)

1974        Victor Fuchs of Stanford authored “Who Shall Live," an examination of the American health care system.
    (Econ, 7/17/04, Survey p.9)

1974        Emily Hahn (1905-1997) wrote: "Once Upon a Pedestal: An Informal History of Women's Lib."
    (SFC, 2/19/96, p.A20)

1974        Prof. Charles M. Hardin (1908-1997) wrote "Presidential Power and Accountability."
    (SFC, 7/4/97, p.E2)

1974        Eyvind Johnson and Harry Martinson of Sweden shared the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (AP, 10/8/09)

1974        Ken Kesey began a literary journal titled "Spit in the Ocean." 6 of 7 issues were published by 1981.
    (SSFC, 11/30/03, p.E7)

1974        Stephen Koch authored “Stargazer," a study of Andy Warhol as a filmmaker.
    (SFC, 9/20/06, p.E5)

1974        Peter Maas (d.2001 at 72) published his book "King of the Gypsies." It highlighted the Tene-Bimbo Gypsy clan in New York City.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.A21)(SFC, 8/24/01, p.D7)

1974        Anica Vesel Mander (d.2002), Yugoslavian-born prof. of Women's Studies, authored "Feminism as Therapy."
    (SFC, 6/22/02, p.A18)

1974        James Michener published "Centennial."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A12)

1974        Robert Nozick (d.2002 at 63), Harvard philosopher, authored "Anarchy, State and Utopia" in which he attacked forms of paternalistic government.
    (SFC, 1/25/02, p.A32)

1974        John Paterson (d.2002), UC Berkeley professor, authored "The Novel as Faith: The Gospel According to James, Hardy, Conrad, Joyce, Lawrence and Virginia Woolf."
    (SFC, 4/19/02, p.A27)

1974        Dr. John Weir Perry (d.1998 at 84), psychiatrist, published "The Far Side of Madness." He believed that psychotic states could lead to a higher state of consciousness.
    (SFC, 11/3/98, p.C2)

1974        Robert Pirsig published "Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance." "The real cycle you're working on is a cycle called yourself."
    (SFEC, 1/3/99, BR p.4)

1974        Jeraldine Saunders, cruise ship director, authored “Love Boats." This sparked the 1977 TV show “The Love Boat."
    (SSFC, 8/7/05, p.C5)(www.tvland.com/shows/loveboat/main.jhtml)

1974        Patricia Nell Warren published the groundbreaking gay novel "The Front Runner." It was about a gay track coach who falls in love with his star runner.
    (SFC, 1/7/98, p.E3)

1974        The book "Palinuro of Mexico" by Fernando del Paso (b.1935) won the Premio de Mexico in manuscript form but was not published in Mexico until 1980. The 1st edition was published in Spain in 1977.
    (www.complete-review.com/reviews/pasofd/palinuro.htm)(SFEC, 10/6/96, BR p.4)

1974        Robert Stone (1937-2015) authored “Dog Soldiers." It won the 1975 National book Award and was adopted for the film “Who’ll Stop the Rain" (1978).
    (SFC, 1/12/15, p.A6)

1975        Feb 14, Pelham Graham (PG) Wodehouse (b.1881), English, US writer (Piccadilly Jim), died at age 93. 58 Penguin editions of his books were done by artist Jos Armitage (d.1998 at 84), who also contributed to "Punch." In 2004 Robert McCrum authored “Wodehouse."
    (SFC, 2/7/98, p.21)(SFC, 11/19/04, p.W16)

1975        May 5, Michael Shaara won Pulitzer Prize in fiction for his novel “Killer Angels."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1975_Pulitzer_Prize)

1975        Jun 28, Rod Serling (b.1924), writer and director of the TV series "Twilight Zone" and "Night Gallery," died. He was remembered in the 1995 PBS production titled: "Submitted for Your Approval."
    (WSJ, 11/27/95, p.A-14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rod_Serling)

1975        Jul 30, James Benjamin Blish (b.1921), sci-fi author (Star Trek Reader, Black Sunday), died. Blish also wrote criticism of science fiction using the pen-name William Atheling Jr.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Blish)

1975        Nov 5, Lionel Trilling (b.1905), American author and literary critic, died. His books included “Beyond Culture" (1965), a collection of essays concerning modern literary and cultural attitudes toward selfhood.
    (SFC, 10/25/96, p.A24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lionel_Trilling)

1975        Dec 7, Thornton Wilder (b.1897), American novelist and playwright, died. In 2008 his selected letters, edited by Robin G. Wilder and Jackson R. Bryer, were published.
    (HN, 4/17/99)(WSJ, 10/4/08, p.W8)

1975        Ernest Callenbach (1929-2012) published his novel "Ecotopia." It was based on strict bioregional and green city principles set in the US Pacific Northwest.
    (PacDis, Spring/'94, p. 30)(SFC, 4/30/12, p.C3)
1975        Thomas Harris authored “Black Sunday," a novel set around a terrorist conspiracy targeting the Super Bowl.
    (WSJ, 10/28/06, p.P12)
1975        Paul Theroux (b.1941) authored “The Great Railway Bazaar," an account of his 1973 train travels through Europe and Asia. In 2008 he authored “Ghost Train to the Eastern Star," a follow up to his 1973 itinerary.
    (SFC, 8/6/08, p.E2)

1976        Jan 12, Dame Agatha Christie (b.1890) (Agatha Mary Clarissa, Lady Mallowan),  English mystery writer, died in Wallingford, England. She also wrote romances under the name Mary Westmacott, but is remembered for her 66 mystery novels. Her work with mystery novels, particularly featuring detectives Hercule Poirot or Miss Marple, have given her the title the “Queen of Crime" and made her one of the most important and innovative writers in the development of the mystery novel. Two of her most famous novels might be Murder on the Orient Express (1934) and Death on the Nile (1937).
            (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agatha_Christie)(SFC,12/26/97, p.C22)(AP, 1/12/98)

1976        May 24, The SF Chronicle published the 1st installment of "Tales of the City" by Armistead Maupin (b.1944). The series continued in the Chronicle until 1983 and was serialized in the Examiner in 1986.
    (SFC, 5/1/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 5/8/11, p.A13)

1976        Sep 10, Dalton Trumbo (b.1905), US novelist and screenwriter, died at age 70. His books included “Johnny Got His Gun" (1939). He used pseudonyms for a number of Hollywood screenplays after he was blacklisted as one of the “Hollywood Ten" by the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1947.
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAtrumbo.htm)

1976        Oct 25, Raymond Queneau (b.1903), Parisian surrealist, died. His work included the prewar novel "Les Enfants du Limon." In 1998 it was translated to English as "Children of Clay."
    (SFEC, 8/2/98, BR p.4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raymond_Queneau)

1976        Nov 23, Andre Malraux (b.1901), author (Conquerors) and French Minister of Culture (1958-1969), died.
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/malraux.htm)

1976        Paul Bowles (1910-1999), American-born composer and writer who lived in Tangier, Morocco, wrote his short story Allal. In 1996 three of Bowles’ stories were made into a film titled "Halfmoon" by Frieder Schlaich and Irene von Alberti. Bertolucci had earlier transferred his novel "The Sheltering Sky" into film. A biography of Bowles by Millicint Dillon, "You Are Not I: A Portrait of Paul Bowles" was published in 1998.
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p. C3)(SFEC, 4/5/98, BR p.3)(www.paulbowles.org/bowlesbiography.html)

1976        Norman Maclean (1902-1990) published "A River Runs Through It and Other Stories." It was a story about fly fishing in Montana. Recorded books put out a cassette version in 1993 with other stories that included "Logging and Pimping and ‘Your Pal, Jim’," and "USFS 1919: The Ranger, the Cook, and a Hole in the Sky."
    (RB, 1993)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Maclean)

1976        A German edition of the diaries of Austrian writer Robert Musil (1880-1942) was published. In 1999 Philip Payne published an abridged version "Diaries 1899-1942."
    (SFEC, 1/31/99, BR p.9)

1977        Mar 25, In Argentina political writer Rodolfo Walsh was murdered one day after writing the “Open Letter to the Military Junta" on the first anniversary of the military coup. He had reported on tortures, mass killings, and thousands of disappearances. In 2011 Alfredo Astiz (59), a former navy spy known as "the Angel of Death," was convicted in the kidnapping and disappearing of Rodolfo Walsh.
    (http://americas.irc-online.org/am/3170)(AP, 10/26/11)

1977        Apr 11, Jacques Prevert (77), French poet (La puil et le beau), died.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1977        Apr 19, Alex Haley received a special Pulitzer Prize for his book "Roots."
    (HN, 4/19/99)

1977        May 9, James Jones (b.1921), US writer (From Here to Eternity), died. His work included the pre-WW II novel "From Here to Eternity." His daughter later wrote the novel "A Soldier’s Daughter never Cries," which was made into a film with Kris Kristofferson as James Jones.
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/jjones.htm)(SFEC, 7/12/98, Par p.17)

1977        Jul 2, Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-born author, died in Switzerland. In 1996 a 3-volume collection of his prose work was issued by the Library of America. In 1999 Kurt Johnson and Steven Coates authored "Nabokov's Blues: The Scientific Odyssey of a Literary Genius."
    (WSJ, 4/22/99, A20)(SFEC, 10/17/99, BR p.4)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/nabokov.htm)

1977          Oct 27, James M. Cain (b.1892), US writer (Postman Always Rings Twice), died in University Park, Maryland.
    (www.britannica.com)

1977        Dec 9, Clarice Lispector (b.1920), Ukraine-born Brazilian-Jewish writer, died in Brazil. From 1952-1959 she lived in the US. Her books included “The Passion According to G.H" (1964). In 2009 Benjamin Moser authored “Why This World: A Biography of Clarice Lispector."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clarice_Lispector)

1977        John Cheever (1912-1982), American writer, authored his novel “Falconer," which soon became a best seller.
    (WSJ, 3/7/09, p.W8)
1977        John Gregory Dunne (1932-2003) authored his novel "True Confessions." It was about the Black Dahlia case, a 1947 murder in Los Angeles.
    (SFC, 1/1/04, p.A23)(SFC, 1/2/04, p.D3)
1977        German writer Gunter Grass (1927-2015) authored his novel “The Flounder."
    (Econ., 4/18/15, p.86)
1977        Emile Rogier Heier (d.1997 at 55), Belgian-born foreign correspondent for the Toronto Star, was released from a Colombian prison. He returned to the US and began his book "Down in Colombia" (2003). He later wrote "Lester Leaps In," a biography of the jazz saxophonist Lester Young.
    (SFC, 9/18/97, p.C2)
1977        Iris Murdoch (1919-1999), Irish born writer and philosopher, authored "The Fire and the Sun: Why Plato Banished the Artists." In 1994 Murdoch was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Disease. In 1998 her husband, John Bayley, published "Elegy for Iris."
    (WSJ, 2/17/98, p.A20)
1977        US Navy Rear Adm. Richard O’Kane (1911-1994) authored “Clear the Bridge: The War Patrols of the U.S.S. Tang."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_O%27Kane)
1977        Carl Sagan (1934-1996) authored "Dragons of Eden." In 1978 he won a Pulitzer Prize for the book.
    (SFC, 12/21/96, p.A1)

1978        Aug 9, James G. Cozzens (b.1903), US writer (Guard of Honor, Pulitzer), died. His novels included “The Last Adam" (1933), “The Just and the Unjust" (1942), “Guard of Honor" (1948; Pulitzer Prize), “By Love Possessed" (1957), and “Morning, Noon, and Night" (1968).
    (http://libweb.princeton.edu/libraries/firestone/rbsc/aids/cozzens.html)

1978        Oct 5, Isaac Bashevis Singer (1902-1991), Polish-born American author, was named winner of the Nobel Prize for literature.
    (AP, 10/5/98)

1978        Nov 7, Janet Flanner (b.1892), American writer and journalist, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janet_Flanner)

1979        Feb 9, Allen Tate (b.1899), poet and exponent of the New Criticism, died in Nashville.
    (WSJ, 8/2/08, p.W9)(http://tinyurl.com/5g27ry)

1979        Jun 1, Janice Holt Giles (b.1905), American historical novelist, died. Her 13 novels included "Hannah Fowler" and "The Believers."
    (WSJ, 7/29/99, p.A24)(www.cumberlandbooks.com/janiceholtgiles.php)

1979        Jul 3, Helen Van Slyke, English writer, died. She left a manuscript that was completed by James Elward (1929-1996) titled "Public Smiles, Private Tears" that became a best-seller. It was about a woman’s rise in the world of retail fashion.
    (SFC, 9/2/96, p.A20)(http://tinyurl.com/3bzrf3)

1979        Aug 22, James T. Farrell (b.1904), author (Young Lonigan), died. In 2004 Robert K. Landers authored "The Life and Times of James T. Farrell."
    (SFC, 2/26/04, p.E1)

1979        Harmony Books published “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy" by Douglas Adams. In the book the British writer described the Babel fish, a live fish placed in the ear that translates any form of language.  “Deep Thought" was the name of a computer in the book.
    (www.technovelgy.com/ct/content.asp?Bnum=133)(SFC, 4/29/98, p.E1)(Econ, 4/28/12, p.60)

1979        Arthur C. Clarke authored his science fiction novel “The Fountains of Paradise" about the construction of a space elevator.
    (Econ, 6/10/06, Survey p.4)

1979        Freeman Dyson, British-born theoretical physicist, authored his memoir “Disturbing the Universe."
    (Econ, 3/30/13, p.82)

1979        English writer Penelope Fitzgerald (1916-2000) won the Booker Prize for her novel "Offshore."
    (WSJ, 4/8/97, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penelope_Fitzgerald)

1979        Douglas Hofstadter (b.1945) authored his book "Godel, Escher, Bach." In 1980 he won the Pulitzer Prize for general non-fiction.
    (WSJ, 7/15/99, p.A16)

1979        Lyall Watson (1939-2008), South Africa-born scientist and author, proposed the hundredth monkey theory in his book: Lifetide: A Biology of the Unconscious."
    (SFC, 7/22/08, p.B5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundredth_Monkey)

1979        Penelope Mortimer (1918-1999) won the Whitbread Prize for her memoir "About Time." The 2nd part of her autobiography was published in 1993.
    (http://facstaff.unca.edu/moseley/whitbread.html)

1979        Marge Piercy authored her science fiction novel "Woman on the Edge of Time," on travel to the year 2137.
    (WSJ, 1/1/00, p.R8)

1979        V.A. Pritchett (1900-1997), English writer, published his collection of short stories "On the Edge of the Cliff."
    (SFC, 3/22/97, p.A21)

1979        William Styron authored "Sophie’s Choice." In 1996 he gave composer Nicholas maw permission to turn it into an opera. The opera premiered Dec 7, 2002 at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden.
    (SFC, 12/11/02, p.D5)

1979-1981    James Lees-Milne (1908-1997), English biographer, kept diaries during this period that were published in 2001 as "Deep Romantic Chasm: Diaries 1979-1981."
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, DB p.63)

1980        Feb 25, Roland Barthes (b.1915), French philosopher and writer, died. His books included “Mythologies" (1957), a collection of his essays.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roland_Barthes)

1980        Apr 15, Jean-Paul Sartre (b.1905), Existentialist philosopher, novelist and dramatist, died in Paris. His work included "Being and Time" (1927) and "Nausea" (1938). He won the 1964 Nobel Prize for literature and his work included "Being and Nothingness." Philosophical replies to this work were written by Claude Levi-Strauss: "The Raw and the Cooked," a book that popularized structuralism in France, and by Michael Foucault: "Words and Things," ("The Order of Things" in the American edition). "If you're lonely while you’re alone, you’re in bad company." In 2000 Bernard-Henri Levy authored "Sartre: The Philosopher of the Twentieth Century." In 2015 Thomas R. Flynn authored “Sartre: A Philosophical Biography."
    (SFEC, 4/19/98, BR p.8)(SFEC, 6/21/98, Z1 p.8)(AP, 4/15/99)(Econ, 8/30/03, p.60)(Econ., 2/21/15, p.82)

1980        May 1, American Book Award went to William Styron for "Sophie's Choice" and T. Wolfe for "Right Stuff."
    (http://eightiesclub.tripod.com/id99.htm)

1980        Jun 7, Henry Miller (born 1891), writer, died in California at age 88. His books included “Tropic of Cancer."
    (www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=3118)

1980        Jul 1, Charles Percy Snow (b.1905), British writer (Friends & Associates), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C._P._Snow)

1980        Dec 10, Czeslaw Milosz of UC Berkeley, a Polish-born American, received the Nobel Prize in literature from King Carl Gustaf in Sweden.
    (SFC, 12/9/05, p.F2)(AP, 10/8/09)

1981        Mar 3, William S. Burroughs Jr. (b.1947), writer, died. He bore the name of both his father, a Beat writer, and his great grandfather, the original inventor of the Burroughs adding machine. His 2 novels included “Speed" and “Kentucky Ham." In 2006 David Ohle edited and compiled “Cursed From Birth: The short Unhappy Life of William S. Burroughs Jr."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_S._Burroughs,_Jr.)(SSFC, 12/24/06, p.M3)

1981        Apr 13, Washington Post reporter Janet Cooke received a Pulitzer Prize for her feature about an 8-year-old heroin addict named "Jimmy."; Cooke relinquished the prize two days later, admitting she had fabricated the story.
    (AP, 4/13/00)

1981        May 9, Nelson Algren (72), US writer (Man with the Golden Arm), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Algren)

1981        May 18, William Saroyan (b.1908), American writer, died in Fresno, Ca. He wrote some 60 books that included: "The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze" (1934), "The Human Comedy," which became a 1943 film, and the 1939 play "The Time of Your Life." In 2002 John Leggett authored "A Daring Young Man: A Biography of William Saroyan."
    {Writer, USA, California, Biography}
    (SFC, 5/23/96, p.A1)(HN, 8/31/00)(SFC, 4/1/02, p.A11)(SSFC, 11/10/02, p.M1)

1981        Oct 1, Malcolm De Chazal (b.1902), Mauritian writer and painter, died. His “Sens-Plastique" consisted of several thousand aphorisms and pensées. “The sun is pure communism everywhere except in cities, where it's private property."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malcolm_de_Chazal)

1981      Oct 25, Ariel Durant (83), US author, died. She was co-author and collaborator on several of her husband’s (Will Durant: 1885-1981) works. They received the Pulitzer Prize for the eleven volume series: “The Story of Civilization" (1935-1975). Born Chaya, which means "life" (Ida in English) Kaufman on May 10, 1898 in Proskurov (now Khmelnitski) Russia to Jewish parents, she immigrated with her mother, three sisters and older brother to the US, landing in New York in November of 1901. She married Will in 1913 when she was 15 and he was 28, and preceded him in death by a matter of days.
    (www.willdurant.com/ariel.htm)

1981        Daniel Halevi Bloom, American-Jewish author, invented the characters Bubbie and Zadie, Yiddish for grandma and grandpa, as an alternative to Santa Claus. In 1985 he wrote “Bubbie and Zadie Come to My House" and invited Jewish children to respond with letters.
    (SFC, 12/22/06, p.A1)

1981        Elias Canetti (1905-1994), Bulgarian-born British novelist and essayist, won the Nobel Prize in Literature. His ancestors were Sephardic Jews who had been expelled from Spain in 1492.
    (AP, 10/8/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elias_Canetti)

1981        Lynne Cheney, wife of Dick Cheney, authored a racy historical romance titled "Sisters." Plans to reissue the novel in 2004 were cancelled.
    (SFC, 4/3/04, p.A2)

1981        Martin Cruz Smith introduced Russian police investigator Arkady Renko in his best-selling novel “Gorky Park."
    (WSJ, 11/19/04, p.W16)

1982        Feb 18, Edith Ngaio Marsh (b.1895), New Zealand detective writer, producer, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ngaio_Marsh)

1982        Mar 2, Philip K. Dick (53), science fiction writer, died. His work included dozens of novels and over 100 short stories. His novel "Valis" (Vast Active Living Intelligence System) was an autobiographical work. In 1989 Lawrence Sutin wrote the biography: "Divine Invasions: A Life of Philip K. Dick." The 1982 film Blade Runner was loosely based on his novel: "Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep." The 2003 film "Paycheck" was based on his 1953 same name novel. In 2004 Emmanuel Carrere authored “I Am Alive and You Are Dead: A Journey Into the Mind of Philip K. Dick.
    (WSJ, 4/27/99, p.A20)(SFC, 6/25/02, p.D1)(SFC, 12/27/03, p.D1)(Econ, 4/17/04, p.83)

1982        Mar 6, Ayn Rand (b.1905), author and founder of the Objectivist philosophy, died in NY. Her novels included "Atlas Shrugged" and "The Fountainhead." In 1987 Barbara Branden wrote the biography titled "The Passion of Ayn Rand." In 1999 Nathaniel Branden published "My Years With Ayn Rand," an account of his 18-year relationship with Rand. In 1999 the US Postal Service issued a 33 cent stamp in her honor. In 2009 Anne Heller authored “Ayn Rand and the World She Made," and Jennifer Burns authored “Goddess of the Market: Ayn Rand and the American Right."
    (http://tinyurl.com/2nl7hk)(http://tinyurl.com/3a34t9)(SFEC, 8/18/96, PM p. 2)(SFC, 10/25/98, p.D8)(Econ, 10/24/09, p.95)

1982        May 10, Peter Weiss (b.1916), German playwright (Marat-Sade), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Weiss)

1982        Jun 18, John Cheever (b.1912), American Pulitzer Prize winning writer, died. His work included "the Wapshot Chronicle" and "the World of Apples." In 2009 Blake Bailey authored “Cheever: A Life."
    (BS, 5/3/98, p.13E)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Cheever)(WSJ, 3/7/09, p.W8)

1982        Sep 3, Frederic Dannay (b.1905), US detective writer, died. He collaborated with Manfred Lee under the joint pseudonym Ellery Queen.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0200366/)

1982        Sep 14, John C. Gardner (b.1933), US, writer (Life & Times of Chaucer High), was killed in a motorcycle accident. In 2004 Barry Silesky authored "John Gardner: Literary Outlaw."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Gardner)(WSJ, 2/13/04, p.W8)

1982        William Gibson authored “Neuromancer," a science fiction short story  in which he coined the term cyberspace.
    (Econ, 7/12/14, SR p.3)
1982        British writer Sue Townsend (1946-2014) authored "The Secret Diary of Adrian Mole aged 13 ¾". It sold 20 million copies worldwide. She continued the series through the 1990s and 2000s, following Mole as he became a father, ran a book shop and overcame prostate cancer.
    (AP, 4/11/14)

1983        Feb 24, Tennessee Williams, US playwright born as Thomas Lanier Williams (1911), died in NYC. He left a $10 million estate to support his sister and directed that anything left go to support aspiring writers at the Univ. of the South of Sewanee. His plays included “Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" and “The Rose Tattoo" originally titled "The Eclipse of May 29, 1919." In 1995 Lyle Leverich (d.1999 at 79) published "Tom: The Unknown Tennessee Williams," a definitive work on the playwright's formative years. In 2007 editor Margaret Bradham Thornton published “Notebooks: Tennessee Williams."
    (http://tinyurl.com/s8zm5)(SFC, 12/25/99, p.B4)(SSFC, 5/13/07, p.M6)

1983        Feb 25, Tennessee Williams (71), playwright, was found dead in his NYC hotel suite.
    (AP, 2/25/08)

1983        Mar 1, Arthur Koestler (b.1905), Hungary-born British writer (Dialogue With Death), died in a double suicide with his wife in London. His novels included "Darkness at Noon" (1940). In 1998 David Cesarani authored "Arthur Koestler: The Homeless Mind." In 2009 Michael Scammell authored “Koestler: The Literary and Political Odyssey of a Twentieth-Century Skeptic."
    (SSFC, 1/3/10, Books p.F3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Koestler)

1983        Mar 15, Rebecca West (born in 1892 as Cicily Fairfield), British writer, died. Her books included "The Return of the Soldier" (1918) and "Black Lamb and Grey Falcon," which was written following a trip through Yugoslavia. She had a relationship with H.G. Wells that led to the birth of a son, Anthony. In 1996 Carl Rollyson wrote her biography: "Rebecca West: A Life." Her pen name came from a character in Ibsen’s play "Rosmersholm." In 2000 the "Selected Letters of Rebecca West" was edited by Bonnie Kime Scott. In 2003 Bernard Schweitzer edited and introduced her work "Survivors in Mexico."
    (WSJ, 3/6/00, p.A28)(SSFC, 6/8/03, p.M3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rebecca_West)

1983        Apr 18, Alice Walker (b.1944) won a Pulitzer Prize for "The Color Purple."
    (SSFC, 9/26/04, p.M1)

1983        May 21, Eric Hoffer (b.1902), longshoreman-philosopher, died in SF. His writings included "The True Believer" (1951), a critical view of mass movements, "The Passionate State of Mind," "The Ordeal of Change," and "The Temper of the Time."
    (SFC, 1/22/00, p.A15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_Hoffer)

1983        Aug 29, William Goyen (b.1915), Texas-born novelist and playwright, died in Los Angeles. His 1st novel was “House of Breath" (1950).
    (www.tsha.utexas.edu)(www.inthe80s.com/deaths/died1983.shtml)

1983        "Sisters In Affliction: Circumcision and Infibulation of Women in Africa" by Raquiya H. Abdalla was published.
    (NH, 8/96, p.65)

1983        Edward Albee wrote his play "The Man Who Had Three Arms."
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, DB p.33)

1983        Charles Allen wrote "A Mountain in Tibet."
    (NH, 5/96, p.68)

1983        Daniel Boorstin, American historian, published "The Discoverers." [see 1975-1987]
    (WSJ, 3/29/96, p.A-9)

1983        Marion Zimmer Bradley (d.1999 at 69) published "The Mists of Avalon," a woman's perspective of the King Arthur legend.
    (SFC, 9/29/99, p.C2)

1983        John le Carre authored “The Little Drummer Girl," a novel set amidst the conflict between the Palestinians and Israelis.
    (WSJ, 10/28/06, p.P12)

1983        Amy Clampitt (1920-1994), American poet, published “The Kingfisher."
    (WSJ, 11/7/97, p.A17)

1983        "The Return of Martin Guerre" by Natalie Zemon Davis was published. It was a historical account of a true story from 16th cent. France.
    (WSJ, 7/17/96, p.A12)

1983        Umberto Eco authored "The Name of the Rose," and established a new genre of learned who-dunit novels.
    (WSJ, 6/1/01, p.W12)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.M1)

1983        Frederick Vanderbilt Field (d.2000 at 94) published his autobiography: "From Right to Left."
    (SFC, 2/12/00, p.A21)

1983        Derek Freeman published "Margaret Mead in Samoa," in which he laid waste Mead's portrayal of 1920s Samoan society.
    (WSJ, 3/3/99, p.A17)

1983        William Golding (1911-1993), English author, received the Nobel Prize for literature.
    (WSJ, 10/5/95, p.A-12)

1983        Jane Goodall published "In the Shadow of Man."
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, zone 1 p.3)

1983        Seymour Hirsch published "The Price of Power: Kissinger in the Nixon White House." It won a National Book Critics Circle award.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, p.A12)

1983        Joyce Johnson authored "Minor Characters," a memoir of the Beat generation. In 2000 she authored "Door Wide Open: A Beat Love Affair in Letters, 1957-1958," that covered her relationship with Jack Kerouac.
    (SFEC, 6/18/00, BR p.7)

1983        Stanley Karnow published "Vietnam: A History."
    (SFC, 5/11/99, p.A19)

1983        Prof. William Webster Lammers of USC (d.1997 at 60) published "Public Policy and Aging."
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.A19)

1983        David Landes, Harvard historian, published "Revolution in Time: Clocks and the Making of the Modern World."
    (SFEC, 3/22/98, BR p.8)

1983        David Mamet, playwright, wrote "Glengarry Glen Ross."
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)

1983        Rigoberta Menchu, Guatemalan-born Mayan Indian and human rights activist, authored her book "I, Rigoberta Menchu." In 1992 she won the Nobel peace Prize. In 1998 David Stoll, a US anthropologist, authored "Rigoberta Menchu and the Story of All Poor Guatemalans." He asserted a number of inaccuracies in Menchu’s original book.
    (SFEC, 1/19/97, Par p.5)(SFC, 12/15/98, p.C20)

1983        James Michener wrote his novel "Poland."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)

1983        Amos Oz, novelist, published "In the Land of Israel," a collection of essays.
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, BR, p.4)

1983        Maynard Parker, editor of Newsweek, authorized the publication of the spurious "Hitler Diaries." The work was identified as "patent and obvious forgeries" by Charles Hamilton (1914-1996), "philography" expert.
    (WSJ, 8/23/96, p.A1)(SFC, 12/13/96, p.B6)

1983        Donald E. Russell and Prof. Donald Savage (d.1999 at 81) wrote "Mammalian Paleofaunas of the World," it was a compendium of mammals through the ages.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, p.C5)

1983        Richard Shevell (d.2000 at 89), aeronautics professor at Stanford, authored the text "Fundamentals of Flight."
    (SFC, 4/27/00, p.A24)

1983        The book "I Will Go On Living" by Japanese writer Chio Uno (1898-1996) was published.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A21)

1983        Lynda Van Devanter (d.2002 at 55) authored "Home Before Morning," the 1st major autobiography by a woman veteran. It inspired the 1988-1991 TV series "China Beach."
    (SFC, 11/27/02, p.A26)

1983        Christa Wolf, East German writer, authored her novel “Cassandra."
    (WSJ, 3/10/07, p.P6)

1983        "Quintessence" was published. It described items whose design was so good that they could not be improved upon.
    (SFC, 7/3/96, zz-1,p.3)

1984        Apr 28, Silvia A. Warner, writer, died.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1984        May 16, Irwin Shaw (71), US writer (Rich Man, Poor Man), died.
    (MC, 5/16/02)

1984        Jun 26, Carl Foreman (69), producer, writer (Born Free, High Noon), died of cancer.
    (MC, 6/26/02)

1984        Jun 30, Lillian Hellman (b.1905), writer, died in Massachusetts. Her work included the play "The Little Foxes" (1939), and her memoirs "Scoundrel Time" (1976) and "Pentimento" (1973). The 1977 film "Julia" was based on a chapter from Pentimento which described Muriel Gardiner, an American medical student at the Univ. of Vienna active in anti-Nazi resistance. In 2005 Deborah Martinson authored “Lillian Hellman: A Life with Foxes and Scoundrels." In 2012 Alice Kessler-Harris authored “A Difficult Woman: The Challenging Life and Times of Lillian Hellman."
    (WSJ, 12/16/98, p.A21)(WSJ, 4/26/99, p.A16)(WSJ, 5/24/99, p.A28)(Econ, 12/17/05, p.82)(Econ, 4/14/12, p.91)

1984        Aug 25, Truman Capote (59), American novelist, playwright, and short story writer, died in the arms and guest bedroom of Johnny Carson’s ex-wife, Joanne. His autobiographical novella, "The Grass Harp," was made into a film directed by Walter Matthau in 1996. He also authored "Other Voices, Other Rooms," and "Breakfast At Tiffany’s." In 1997 George Plimpton published his biography: "Truman Capote." In 2004 Gerald Clarke edited: “Too Brief a Treat: The Letters of Truman Capote."
    (SFC, 10/11/96, p.C3)(WSJ, 12/11/97, p.A21)(SFEC,12/14/97, p.D9)(AP, 8/25/99)(SSFC, 9/19/04, p.M3)

1984        Sep 14, Richard Brautigan (49), writer, died from self-inflicted gunshot wound in Bolinas, Ca. His work included "Trout Fishing in America" (1967) and A Confederate General from Big Sur" (1964). In 1989 Keith Abbott authored the biography: "Downstream from Trout Fishing in America: A Memoir of Richard Brautigan." In 1999 Edna Webster published "The Edna Webster Collection of Undiscovered Writings." In 2004 Greg Keeler authored “Waltzing with the Captain: Remembering Richard Brautigan. In 2012 William Hjortsberg authored “Jubilee Hitchhiker: The Life and Times of Richard Brautigan."
    (SFC, 10/7/99, p.E1)(SSFC, 8/22/04, p.M3)(SFC, 4/16/12, p.E2)

1984        Harriet Doerr (1910-2002) won the American Book Award for 1st fiction for "Stone for Ibarra."
    (SFC, 11/28/02, p.A30)

1984        Salim Moussa Achi (b.1909), aka Dr. Dahesh, Lebanese author and humanist, died. His art collection later formed the core of the Dahesh Museum of Art in NYC.
    (WSJ, 9/9/03, p.D6)(www.humanitiesweb.org)

1984        English writer Anita Brookner authored “Hotel du Lac." It won the 1984 Booker Prize.
    (www.volume5.com/dulac/hotel_du_lac_book_review.html)

1985        May 8, Theodore Sturgeon (b.1918), sci-fi author (Hugo, It, Caviar), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_Sturgeon)

1985        May 25, Robert Nathan (91), US writer, poet (Portrait of Jennie), died.
    (SC, 5/25/02)

1985        Sep 19, Italo Calvino (b.1923), Italian writer, died. A collection of his essays was soon published titled "The Literature Machine."  In 1999 the original 11 essays and 25 others were published under the title: "Why Read the Classics," translated by Martin McLaughlin. In 2003 McLaughlin published “Hermit in Paris: Autobiographical Writings By Italo Calvino."
    (SFEC, 10/24/99, BR p.5)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.M4)

1985        Oct 1, E. B. White (Elwyn Brooks White, b.1899), writer, author of “Charlotte's Web" and “The Elements of Style," died in Maine.
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/ebwhite.htm)

1985        Nov 25, Elsa Morante (b.1912), Italian writer, died. Her books included “House of Liars" (1948). In 2008 Lily Tuck authored the biography “Woman of Rome: A Life of Elsa Morante."
    (WSJ, 9/27/08, p.W11)

1985        Dec 7, Robert Graves, British author, died. He was the author of historical novels that included "I, Claudius" and "Collected Poems" (1966). His book "The White Goddess" (1948) purported to prove that the affairs of men have been controlled since the dawn of civilization by an all-destroying, all-creating goddess who manifests herself in living women for the purpose of inspiring poets. A new biography on Graves was written by Miranda Seymour and titled "Robert Graves: Life on the Edge."
    {Britain, Writer, Poet, Biography}
    (WSJ, 10/24/95, p.A-20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Graves)

1985        Coleman Dowell (b.1925), fiction writer, died. His work included "Island People" and "Jabez."
    (WSJ, 2/11/03, p.D8)
1985        Dominick Dunne (1925-2009) authored “The Two Mrs. Grenvilles," based on the sensational Woodward murder case of 1955. It was made into a television movie in 1987, directed by John Erman, and starring Genevieve Allenbury, Ann-Margaret, Elizabeth Ashley, Claudette Colbert and Stephen Collins. It proved to be Claudette Colbert's last film.
    (SFC, 8/27/09, p.A9)
1985        Claude Simon (1913-2005, French novelist, won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
    (AP, 10/8/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_Simon)

1986        Jan 4, Christopher Isherwood, British born author, died of prostate cancer in Santa Monica, Ca. He was best know for his 1935 semi-autobiographical "The Berlin Stories," which was the basis for the 1966 musical Cabaret and made into a 1972 film. His life-partner was painter Don Bachardy. His "Diaries: Volume II, 1939-1960" were published in 1997. In 2005 Peter Parker authored “Isherwood: A Life Revealed."
    (www.booksfactory.com/writers/isherwood.htm)(SFC, 1/16/97, p.E3)(SFC, 5/11/99, p.B6)

1986        Feb 11, Frank Patrick Herbert (b.1920), sci-fi author (Dune, 1965), died of cancer in Wisconsin.
    {Writer, USA}
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Herbert)

1986        Mar 18, Bernard Malamud (b.1914), writer, died. His work included "Talking Horse: Bernard Malamud on Life and Work," edited by Alan Cheuse and Nicholas Delbanco (1997). In 2006 his daughter authored “My Father Is a Book: A Memoir of Bernard Malamud." In 2007 Philip Davis authored “Bernard Malamud: A Writer’s Life."
    (www.nagasaki-gaigo.ac.jp/ishikawa/amlit/m/malamud21.htm)(SSFC, 3/19/06, p.M3)(WSJ, 1/15/08, p.D5)

1986        Apr 5, Manly Wade Wellman (b.1903), sci-fi author (Devil's Planet), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manly_Wade_Wellman)

1986        Apr 14, Simone de Beauvoir (b.1908), French feminist author, died in Paris. Her books included “The Second Sex" (1949). In 2008 her Wartime Diary was published in English.
    (AP, 4/14/02)(SFC, 12/23/08, p.E3)

1986        Apr 15, Jean Genet (75), French playwright (Lesson Negres), was found dead in Paris.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Genet)

1986        Apr 17, Pulitzer prize awarded to Larry McMurtry for "Lonesome Dove."
    (http://tinyurl.com/s7rzf)

1986        May 14, Institute for War documents published Anne Frank's complete diary.
    (MC, 5/14/02)

1986        May 15, Theodore H. White (71), US journalist (Making of Pres, Pulitzer), died.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1986        Jun 14, Jorge Luis Borges (b.1899), Argentine author (Book of Sand), died in Geneva. In 1998 a new English translation by Andrew Hurley of his "Collected Fictions" was published. In 1999 Alexander Coleman edited "Selected Poems." Also in 1999 Eliot Weinberger edited "Selected Non-Fictions." In 2004 Edwin Williamson authored “Borges: A Life."
    (SFEC, 12/13/98, BR p.1)(SFEC, 4/18/99, BR p.3)(WSJ, 8/17/99, p.A18)(WSJ, 8/5/04, p.D8)

1986        German writer Gunter Grass (1927-2015) authored his novel “The Rat."
    (Econ., 4/18/15, p.86)
1986        Mark Mathabane authored "Kaffir Boy," an account of the poverty, violence and racism under apartheid. In 2000 his sister, Miriam Mathabane authored "Miriam’s Song: A Memoir." The award-winning book was later frequently banned in US schools due to two paragraphs describing child prostitution.
    (SFEC, 7/9/00, BR p.7)(SFC, 4/12/07, p.A1)
1986        Vladimir Voynovich (b.1932), Russian dissident writer, wrote his satirical dystopian novel "Moscow 2042."
    (WSJ, 7/15/97, p.A18)(http://wapedia.mobi/en/Moscow_2042)

1987        Feb 12, Friends of the poet Boris Pasternak and of Russian culture agreed that the 1958 resolution expelling Pasternak from the Writers' Union had to be rescinded. People met and voted in the same ornate conference room where, thirty years earlier, the great poet had been cast out of the union.
    (www.thenation.com/archive/search.mhtml)

1987        Apr 11, Erskine Caldwell (83), novelist (Tobacco Road), died.
    (www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-497)
1987        Apr 11, Primo Levi (b.1920), Italian chemist, Auschwitz survivor and writer, died in Italy. In 2002 Carole Angier authored: "Primo Levi: A Biography." His books included the 1947 memoir "If This Is a Man" and "The Periodic Table." In 2002 Carole Angier authored the biography "The Double Bond."
    (SSFC, 5/26/02, p.M1)(WSJ, 6/14/02, p.W10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primo_Levi)

1987        Apr 16, Winners of the 1987 Pulitzer Prizes included August Wilson's "Fences" for drama and Peter Taylor's "A Summons to Memphis" for fiction.
    (AP, 4/16/97)

1987        Cleveland Amory authored "The Cat Who Came for Christmas," a national best-seller about his cat Polar Bear.
    (SFC, 10/16/98, p.D4)

1987        Molefi K. Asante wrote his: "The Afrocentric Idea."
    (Civilization, July-Aug, 1995, p. 34)

1987        Ravi Batra authored "The Great Depression of the 1990s."
    (NW, 9/16/02, p.34BB)

1987        Virginia Reade Belmontez (d.1998 at 68) authored "Mexico Barbarro 1987," a book that exposed the past of Mexico’s Pres. Salinas and his party’s oppression of the Mexican people.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.C2)

1987        Martin Bernal wrote Vol. 1 of his "Black Athena." Vol. 2 came out in 1991.
    (Civilization, July-Aug, 1995, p. 34)

1987        Allan Bloom, Prof. of political philosophy at the Univ. of Chicago, published "The Closing of the American Mind." In 2000 Saul Bellow authored the novel "Ravelstein" based on the life of Bloom.
    (WSJ, 1/7/98, p.W11)(WSJ, 2/2/00, p.A26)

1987        Stewart Brand wrote "The Media Lab."
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A17)

1987        Dorothy Bryant wrote her historical novel "The Confessions of Madame Psyche."
    (SFC, 12/13/96, p.C14)

1987        James Lee Burke published his 1st Dave Robicheaux detective novel "Neon Rain."
    (SFC, 9/11/00, p.B7)

1987        Lincoln Caplan authored "The Tenth Justice: The Solicitor General and the Rule of Law."
    (SFC, 10/13/99, p.C2)

1987        "Southern Food" by John Egerton was published.
    (SFC, 8/14/96, zz-1 p.1)

1987        Neil Folberg published "In a Desert Land: Photographs of Israel, Egypt, and Jordan." It focused on the Sinai Desert and was re-issued in 1998.
    (SFEC, 4/26/98, BR p.6)

1987        Joseph Greenberg (d.2001), Stanford linguist, authored "Language in the Americas." He assigned the 650 native languages of North and South America to 3 groups.
    (SFC, 5/15/01, p.C2)

1987        William Greider wrote "Secrets of the Temple." It was a comprehensive general account of how the Federal Reserve operates.
    (WSJ, 1/17/97, p.A11)

1987        Thich Nhat Hanh, Vietnamese Zen master, published "Being Peace," the first of his 35 books and tapes.
    (SFC, 10/12/97, Z1 p.3)

1987        David Ignatius authored his novel “Agents of Innocence." It became a classic in the espionage genre.
    (WSJ, 4/7/07, p.P10)

1987        Kim Jong Il, son of North Korean leader Kim Il Sung, authored the treatise: “Theory of Cinematic Art."
    (www.korea-dpr.com/library/209.pdf)

1987        "Modern Geology Vol. II" by Andrew Kitchener was published.
    (NH, 8/96, p.58)

1987        Patricia Limerick published "The Legacy of Conquest." She realigned standard history to account for minorities and women in the unbroken settlement of the US West.
    (SFEC, 1/2/00, BR p.12)

1987        "Moon Tiger," a novel by Penelope Lively won the Booker Prize.
    (WSJ, 9/20/96, p.A12)

1987        Malachi Martin (d.1999 at 78), an Irish-born former Jesuit, published "The Jesuits."
    (SFC, 7/30/99, p.D8)

1987        The "Food of Southern Italy" by chef Carlo Middione won the Tastemaker Award in the International Cookbook category.
    (SFEM, 7/21/96, p.16)

1987        Toni Morrison wrote her novel "Song of Solomon."
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, DB p.61)

1987        In Japan Haruki Murakami authored "Norwegian Wood." The novel experimented with reality. An English translation was made in 1997. By 2010 the love story sold more than 10 million copies in Japan and 2.6 million abroad in 36 languages. The film "Norwegian Wood," by Vietnamese-French director Tran Anh Hung, opened in Japan in December, 2010.
    (SFC, 1/1/01, p.B7)(AP, 11/26/10)

1987        V.S, Naipaul (b.1932), Trinidad-born English novelist, authored "The Enigma of Arrival."
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.C1)

1987        M.I.T. Press published "A Few Good Men from Univac." It was a history of the computer.
    (WSJ, 11/22/96, p.A12)

1987        Caryl Phillips wrote "The European Tribe," his "impressionistic tour of a continent with a long history of persecuting Jews and ignoring blacks."
    (WSJ, 5/21/97, p.A12)

1987        Richard Preston wrote "First Light," a book on the romantic era of astronomy. A new edition was published in 1996.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, BR p.7)

1987        Barbara Raskin (d.1999 at 63) published her novel "Hot Flashes."
    (SFC, 7/27/99, p.A17)

1987        Richester Register, student of Paolo Soleri, published his "Ecocity Berkeley: Building Cities for a Healthy Future."
    (PacDis, Spring/'94, p. 29)

1987        Leni Riefenstahl (1902-2003), German director, published her autobiography: "Leni Riefenstahl: A Memoir."
    (SFC, 1/19/99, p.B5)

1987        George Seldes, former Berlin correspondent for the Chicago Tribune, wrote his autobiography: "Witness to a Century."
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, p.T5)

1987        George Soros, businessman, published "The Alchemy of Finance." It offered his ideas on a wide range of subjects including his own success. The Quantum Fund is one of Mr. Soros’ investment vehicles.
    (WSJ, 2/27/95, p.A-10)

1987        Larry R. Squire authored “Memory and Brain." It became a classic in the biology of memory.
    (WSJ, 4/7/07, p.P10)

1987        Choreographer Paul Taylor published his autobiography "Public Domain."
    (WSJ, 4/12/99, p.A21)

1987        Walter Weintz (1915-1996) wrote his memoir "The Solid Gold Mailbox." He had been a pioneer of direct mail advertising and used a Persian poet’s lines to sell the Reader’s Digest: "If thou hast two pennies, spend one for bread." Weintz sent out 100 million pennies in pairs and advertised that the 1st be kept for luck and the 2nd be used as a down payment to Reader’s Digest.
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A22)

1987        Chancellor Williams published his work: "The Destruction of Black Civilization: Great Issues of Race from 4500 BC to 2000 AD." He also wrote "The Re-Birth of African Civilization," an account of his 1953-1957 research project on the nature of education in Europe and Africa.
    (Civilization, July-Aug, 1995, p. 34)

1987        "The Truly Disadvantaged" by William Julius Wilson first discussed the "mismatch thesis," which points to the problem of unskilled inner-city workers trapped in poverty and unqualified and unable to reach jobs in the hi-tech urban environment. The problem continued to be discussed in his 1996 book: "When Work Disappears."
    (WSJ, 9/3/96, p.A12)

1987        William Wilson (d.1999 at 51) authored "An Incomplete Education," designed to fill in knowledge lacked by college graduates.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.C6)

1987        Tom Wolfe published his first novel "Bonfire of the Vanities" in book form, a complete re-write after it was serialized in Rolling Stone Magazine. The title referred to an event on Feb 7, 1497, when followers of the priest Girolamo Savonarola collected and publicly burned thousands of objects in Florence, Italy. Wolfe’s book was a story of Reagan-era avarice.
    (WSJ, 10/30/98, p.W1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonfire_of_the_Vanities)

1987        Arthur Miller wrote his play "I Can’t Remember Anything." He also authored in this year his autobiography "Timebends."
    (WSJ, 1/14/98, p.A17)(Econ, 11/1/03, p.82)

1988        Mar 31, The novel "Beloved" by Toni Morrison was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for fiction, while the Charlotte (N.C) Observer won the prize for public service for its coverage of the Praise The Lord scandal.
    (AP, 3/31/98)

1988        Apr 12, Alan Stewart Paton (b.1903), South African writer (Cry The Beloved Country), died. He founded and served as president of the Liberal Party (1953-68).
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/apaton.htm)

1988        May 8, Science fiction author Robert A. Heinlein died in Carmel, Calif., at age 80. His books included “Starship Troopers" (1958) and “The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress," (1966).
    (AP, 5/8/98)(WSJ, 1/26/07, p.D7)

1988        Aug 2, Raymond Carver (b.1938), American poet, short story writer (Furious Season), died. His books included “What We Talk About When We Talk About Love" (1981). In 2009 Carol Sklenicka authored “Raymond Carver: A Writer’s Life."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raymond_Carver)(SSFC, 11/22/09, Books p.F1)

1988        Aug 24, Max Shulman (69), author (Dobie Gillis, Tender Trap), died.
    (MC, 8/24/02)

1988        Oct 13, Egyptian novelist Naguib Mahfouz was named recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature.
    (AP, 10/13/98)

1989        Jan 18, Bruce Chatwin (b.1940), British travel writer, died of AIDS in France. His books included "In Patagonia" (1984) "Songlines," "The Viceroy of Ouidah," and "On the Black Hill." In 1997 a collection of incidental writing was published: "Anatomy of Restlessness."
    (SFEC, 8/10/97, BR p.3)(http://myweb.lsbu.ac.uk/stafflag/brucechatwin.html)

1989        Feb 12, Thomas Bernhard (b.1931), Austrian novelist and playwright, died. He hated petty and conservative Austrian qualities and was known as a teller of difficult truths. His 1963 novel “Frost" was published in the US in 2006.
    (SSFC, 10/22/06, p.M4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Bernhard)

1989        Mar 7, Iran dropped diplomatic relations with Britain over Salmon Rushdie's book.
    (MC, 3/7/02)

1989        Apr 19, Daphne Du Maurier (b.1907), English writer, died. Her books included “Jamaica Inn" (1936) and “Rebecca" (1938).
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/dumaurie.htm)

1989        Jul 17, Isidore Feinstein Stone (b.1907), author (I.F. Stone's Weekly), died in Boston. In 2006 Myra MacPherson authored “All Governments Lie," a biography of Stone. In 2009 D.D. Guttenplan authored “American Radical: The Life and Times of I.F. Stone."
    (http://tinyurl.com/nm97z)(WSJ, 9/30/06, p.P8)(Econ, 5/16/09, p.90)

1989        Jul 23, Donald Barthelme (b.1931), US writer, died. His work included over a hundred short stories and 4 novels. In 2009 Tracy Daugherty authored “Hiding Man: A Biography of Donald Barthelme."
    (WSJ, 2/21/09, p.W8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Barthelme)

1989        Aug 26, Irving Stone, US writer born as Irving Tennenbaum (Love is Eternal, Lust for Life), died in Los Angeles.
    (http://www.britannica.com)

1989        Sep 4, Georges Simenon (86), Belgian/French writer and director (Maigret), died. The Belgian born writer, authored some 200 novels. Many featured the crime-busting hero Inspector Maigret.
    (SFC, 6/9/00, p.D5)(MC, 9/4/01)

1989        Martin Amis authored his novel “London Fields," a black comedy about lust and low-lifes that fizzed with a rare energy.
    (Econ, 6/30/12, p.85)
1989        Ken Follett authored “The Pillars of the Earth." The 1,000-page novel became a best seller. In 2010 it was turned into a TV miniseries.
    (SFC, 7/21/10, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Pillars_of_the_Earth)
1989        Joseph Garber (1943-2005) authored his novel “Rascal Money." It was initially intended as a nonfiction work titled “In Search of Shabiness," a response to the Tom Peters book “In Search of Excellence."
    (SSFC, 6/5/05, p.A21)
1989        Oscar Hijuelos (1951-2013) published his novel "The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love." It was made into a movie in 1992.
    (SFC, 2/22/99, p.E5)(SFC, 10/15/12, p.C3)
1989        John Updike (1932-2009), American writer, authored his memoir “Self-Consciousness."
    (SSFC, 4/13/14, p.F3)

1990        Mar 13, Bruno Bettelheim (86), Austrian-US psychoanalyst, committed suicide. His books included "The Empty Fortress" (1967), on infantile autism and "the Use of Enchantment" (1976), a study of fairy tales. In 1996 Richard Pollak wrote: "The Creation of Dr. B: A Biography of Bruno Bettelheim." In 2002 Theron Raines authored "Rising to the Light: A Portrait of Bruno Bettelheim."
    (SFC, 12/29/96, BR p.1)(SSFC, 9/8/02, p.M4)(MC, 3/13/02)

1990        May 10, Walker Percy (b.1916), Mississippi-raised physician, novelist (Lancelot), died of cancer in Covington, Louisiana. His book "The Moviegoer" was the 1962 winner of the National Book Award." His last book, The Thanatos Syndrome, appeared in 1987.
    (www.olemiss.edu/depts/english/ms-writers/dir/percy_walker/)(WSJ, 3/26/03, p.D8)

1990        Jun 27, Salman Rushdie, condemned to death by Iran, contributed $8600 to help their earthquake victims.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1990        Aug 2, Norman Maclean (b.1902), writer and professor of English, died in Chicago. His books included "A River Runs Through It and Other Stories" (1976).
    (RB, 1993)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Maclean)

1990        Aug 30, Edmund G. Love (b.1912), Michigan-based writer, died in Flint. His book ''Subways Are for Sleeping'' (1957) was the basis for the Broadway musical (1961).
    (LSA, Spring, 2009, p.34)(http://tinyurl.com/c6rqnh)

1990        Nov 7, Lawrence Durrell (b.1912), expatriate British writer, died in France. His most famous work is the tetralogy The Alexandria Quartet (1957-1960). In 2012 Joanna Hodgkin authored “Amateurs in Eden: The Story of a Bohemian Marriage, Nancy and Lawrence Durrell."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Durrell)

1990        Nov 23, Roald Dahl (b.1916), British short story author (Sweet Mystery of Life), died. Dahl became widely know for “Charlie and the Chocolate Factory" and “James and Giant Peach." From 1953 to 1983 he was married to actress Patricia Neal (1926-2010). In 2010 Donald Sturrock authored “Storyteller: The Authorized Biography of Roald Dahl."
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/rdahl.htm)(SFC, 8/9/10, p.A6)(SSFC, 10/3/10, p.F4)

1990        Dec 4, Eric Larrabee (68), magazine editor, author, arts administrator, teacher and champion of the arts, died at his home in Manhattan. His books included “Commander in Chief: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, His Lieutenants, and Their War" (1987).
    (WSJ, 1/12/08, p.W9)(http://tinyurl.com/2j2tkr)

1990        Dec 14, Friedrich Durrenmatt (b.1921), Swiss author and playwright, died. In 2006 the Univ. of Chicago published a translation of his selected writings in 3 volumes. "What was once thought can never be unthought."
    (AP, 11/15/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_D%C3%BCrrenmatt)

1990        John Guare wrote his play "Six Degrees of Separation."
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, DB p.37)

1990        The book "The Plains of Passion" by Jean Auel (b.1936) was the best-selling fiction work of the year.
    (WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R4)(www.geocities.com/auelpage/auel.html)
1990        Robert Bly published "Iron John," an examination of male cultural passage through myth.
    (USAT, 6/28/96, p.6D)
1990        Ron Chernow wrote "The House of Morgan, " a biography of the banker.
    (WSJ, 8/8/97, p.A11)
1990        Kenneth C. Davis published "Don't Know Much About History."
    (SFEC, 1/10/99, BR p.9)
1990        Wayne Dynes edited "An Encyclopedia of Homosexuality."
    (SFC, 2/27/98, p.A3)
1990        Bret Easton Ellis (26) authored his novel "American Psycho." It was about a wall street trader who moonlights as a serial killer. In 2000 the film version made its premier.
    (SFC, 4/12/00, p.E1)
1990        Sir Vivian Fuchs published his autobiography "A Time to Speak." Fuchs had led an expedition across Antarctica in 1958.
    (SFC, 11/13/99, p.A22)
1990        William Gibson and Bruce Sterling authored a novel called “The Difference Engine." It described an alternative Victorian era of mechanical computers driven by steam.
    (Econ, 3/3/12, TQp.7)
1990        Col. David H. Hackworth (1931-2005), Vietnam war veteran, authored “About Face: The Odyssey of an American Warrior."   
    (SFC, 5/7/05, p.B5)
1990        Charles Johnson wrote his novel "Middle Passage," which won a National Book Award.
    (SFEC, 4/19/98, BR p.1)
1990        Charles Kuralt (1934-1997) wrote "A Life on the Road" and it became a No.1 nonfiction bestseller.
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.A5)
1990        Peter Matthiessen published his novel "Killing Mr. Watson." It became the first of a trilogy about a Florida homesteader, who murdered some 5 dozen people over his lifetime.
    (SFEC,12/797, p.B11)
1990        James Michener wrote his novel "Pilgrimage" and "The Eagle and the Raven."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)
1990        Richard Milner, anthropologist, authored "Encyclopedia of Evolution." Milner later developed the one-man musical show: "Darwin: Live & in Concert."
    (WSJ, 5/8/02, p.AD9)
1990        Ray Monk wrote his biography of "Ludwig Wittgenstein."
    (WSJ, 9/27/96, p.A16)
1990        Roger Morris wrote the biography: "Richard Milhaus Nixon."
    (SFEC, 2/23/97, BR p.3)
1990        Hallie Crawford Stillwell (d. 1997 at 99), a Big Bend Texas pioneer, wrote her autobiography. A sequel was to be completed by her great niece.
    (SFC, 8/21/97, p.C4)
1990        Adam Kufeld published "El Salvador." He had made 8 trips to the country as a photographer between 1985-1989.
    (SFEM,11/16/97, p.28)
1990        James P. Womack and Daniel T. Jones wrote "The Machine That Changed the World, a study of Toyota Motor Corp.’s manufacturing methods."
    (WSJ, 11/1/96, p.A11)

1990        "The Romance of the Three Kingdoms," a 16th century fictional account of the wars of the three rival kingdoms in China, was published in paperback.
    (NH, 7/96, p.58)

1990        Julia Phillips (d.2001 at 57), movie producer, authored ""You’ll Never Eat Lunch in This Town Again," an insider chronicle of Hollywood’s top echelons.
    (SFC, 1/3/02, p.A16)

1990        Thomas Pynchon (b.1937) wrote his novel "Vineland."
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, BR p.1)(www.pynchon.pomona.edu/bio/facts.html)

1990        John O’Brien (d.1994) published his novel "Leaving Las Vegas." It was made into a 1995 film and was the semi-autobiographical account about an alcoholic who goes to Las Vegas to drink himself to death.
    (SFC, 8/20/98, p.B4)

1990        Ronald Reagan published his memoir “An American Life."
    (SSFC, 6/6/04, A18)

1990        Chiyo Uno (1897-1996) was awarded a title by the emperor and named a "person of cultural merit." Her best know book was "Ohan" (1957).
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A21)(http://asian-literature.suite101.com/article.cfm/uno_chiyo)

1990        George Will, political columnist, authored "Men at Work: The Craft of Baseball." He told of how the game was played through extended portraits of manager Tony La Russa, pitcher Orel Hershiser, hitter Tony Gwynn and fielder Cal Ripken Jr.
    (WSJ, 5/21/03, p.D10)

1990        Edward O. Wilson (b.1929) published his Pulitzer prize book: "The Ants," written with Bert Holldobler.
    (WSJ, 3/30/98, p.A16)

1991        Apr 3, English novelist Graham Greene died at age 86. His wife, Vivien Dayrell-Browning, died in 2003 at age 98. Greene had told his wife that he had had 32 other women. His books included “The Quiet American" (1955). In his so-called “Catholic" novels he challenged the idea that God is a cruel, unstinting Rules Keeper. In 2004 Norman Sherry completed “The Life of Graham Greene, Vol. III, 1955-1991."
    (AP, 4/3/01)(SFC, 8/25/03, p.B4)(SFC, 10/2/04, p.E2)(WSJ, 10/6/04, p.D14)

1991        Apr 4, Max Frisch (d.1991), Swiss architect and writer, died. His books included “I’m Not Stiller" (1958), a look at the nature of identity.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Frisch)(WSJ, 4/25/09, p.W8)

1991        Apr 5, Kitty Kelly published a book knocking Nancy Reagan.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1991        Apr 9, The 1991 Pulitzer Prize for fiction was awarded to John Updike for "Rabbit at Rest"; the drama prize went to Neil Simon for "Lost in Yonkers." In journalism, The Des Moines Register received the gold medal for public service for its series about rape victim Nancy Ziegenmeyer, who’d allowed her name and pictures to be used.
    (AP, 4/9/01)

1991        May 3, Jersy Kosinski (57), author (Being There), committed suicide.
    (MC, 5/3/02)

1991        Jun 10, Vercors (b.1902) [Jean Bruller], French writer (Silence of Mer), died.
    (http://440.com/twtd/archives/feb26.html)

1991        Jul 12, A Japanese professor who had translated Salman Rushdie’s "The Satanic Verses" was found stabbed to death, nine days after the novel’s Italian translator was attacked in Milan.
    (AP, 7/12/01)

1991        Jung Chang (b.1952) authored her family portrait “Wild Swans: Three Daughters of China," which soon became an international best seller.
    (Econ, 2/21/09, p.85)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wild_Swans)

1991        The novel "Scarlet" by Alexander Ripley (d.2004) was the best-selling hardcover book of the year (2.1 mil copies). It was an official sequel to "Gone With the Wind."
    (WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R6)(SFC, 1/26/04, p.B4)

1992        Apr 6,    Isaac Asimov (72), science-fiction author, died in New York. He had authored 467 books.
    (AP, 4/6/97)(SFEC, 3/15/98, p.D1)

1992        Apr 7,    The Sacramento Bee, The New York Times and Newsday won two Pulitzer prizes each; playwright Robert Schenkkan was honored for "The Kentucky Cycle," novelist Jane Smiley for "A Thousand Acres."
    (AP, 4/7/97)

1992        Apr 13, Wallace Stegner (b.1909), novelist (Pulitzer 1972), died in New Mexico.
    (http://sfpl.lib.ca.us/librarylocations/main/envir/wsbio.htm)

1992        Aug 29,  Mary Norton (88), children’s book author (Borrowers), died in England.
    (www.sfsite.com/09b/bor41.htm)

1992        Nov 7, Richard Yates (b.1926), US author, died in Birmingham, Ala. His books included "Revolutionary Road" (1961), and "Disturbing the Peace" (1975). In 2003 Blake Bailey authored "Tragic Honesty: The Life and Work of Richard Yates."
    (WSJ, 7/3/03, p.D8)(www.pshares.org/issues/article.cfm?prmarticleID=3460)

1992        Naguib Mahfouz, Nobel Prize (1988) winning Egyptian author, published his novel "Sugar Street." It was the most political and last book of his “Cairo Trilogy."
    (WSJ, 9/1/07, p.P9)

1993        Mar 23, Hans Werner Richter (b.1908), German writer, founder (Gruppe 47), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Werner_Richter)

1993        Apr 13, Pulitzer Prizes were awarded to David McCullough for his biography "Truman," to Robert Olen Butler for his collection of short stories "A Good Scent from a Strange Mountain" and to Tony Kushner for his drama "Angels in America: Millennium Approaches." The gold medal for public service went to The Miami Herald for its Hurricane Andrew coverage.
    (AP, 4/13/98)

1993        Apr 15, Leslie Charteris (85), British mystery writer (Saint), died.
    (www.nndb.com/people/820/000104508/)

1993        May 9, Penelope Gilliatt [Conner], British author, died.
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-9104302)

1993        May 18, Pamela M. Cunnington (67), English architect, writer, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1993        Jun 19, Sir William Golding (b.9/19/1911), English Nobel Prize-winning author (1983), died at his home in Cornwall, England, at age 81. His novel “Lord of the Flies" was published in 1954. other novels included “Pincher Martin" (1956) and “The Inheritors" (1955). In 2009 John Carey authored “William Golding: The Man Who Wrote Lord of the Flies."
    (AP, 6/19/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_G._Golding)(Econ, 9/5/09, p.93)

1993        Oct 20, James Leo Herlihy (b.1927), gay author (Midnight Cowboy), committed suicide in Los Angeles.
    (www.lib.udel.edu/ud/spec/findaids/herlihy.htm)

1993        Dec 31, Samuel Morris Steward (b.1909), also known by the pen name Phil Andros, died. He was a novelist and tattoo artist later based in Oakland, California. In 2010 Justin Spring authored “Secret Historian: The Life and Times of Samuel Steward, Professor, Tattoo Artist, and Sexual Renegade."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phil_Andros)(SSFC, 8/22/10, p.F1)

1993        Toni Morrison (b.1931, American novelist, won the Nobel Prize in Literature. Her novels are known for their epic themes, vivid dialogue, and richly detailed black characters. Among her best known novels are “The Bluest Eye," “Song of Solomon," and “Beloved," which won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1988.
    (AP, 10/8/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toni_Morrison)
1993        Amin Maalouf (b.1949), Lebanese writer, won France’s Prix Goncourt for his novel “The Rock of Tanios."
    (Econ, 7/5/08, p.91)

1994        Mar 28, Absurdist playwright Eugene Ionesco died in Paris at age 81.
    (AP, 3/28/99)

1994        Apr 12, Playwright Edward Albee won his third Pulitzer prize for "Three Tall Women"; the Pulitzer prize for fiction went to E. Annie Proulx for "The Shipping News"; the gold-medal award for public service journalism went to the Akron Beacon-Journal of Ohio.
    (AP, 4/12/99)

1994        Apr 16, Ralph Ellison (b.1914), author of "Invisible Man" (1952), died in NYC of pancreatic cancer at age 80. His unfinished novel "Juneteenth" was published in 1999. His books also included "Living With Music." In 2002 Lawrence Jackson authored "Ralph Ellison: Emergence of Genius." In 2007 Arnold Rampersad authored “Ralph Ellison."
    (AP, 4/16/99)(WSJ, 6/18/99, p.W13)(WSJ, 6/14/02, p.W11)(SFC, 5/14/07, p.C2)

1994        Aug 15, Shepherd Mead (80), author (How to Succeed at Business), died of stroke In London, England.
    (MC, 8/15/02)

1994        Sep 7, James Clavell (b.1924), Australian-born author and director (King Rat, Shogun), died in Switzerland.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0165412/)

1994        Oct 14, Nobel Prize-winning writer Naguib Mahfouz (1911-2006) was stabbed several times in the neck by a 21-year-old assailant on a Cairo street. Muslim militants were blamed in the attack. The wound resulted in the paralysis of his writing hand.
    (WSJ, 2/20/98, p.A16)(AP, 10/14/04)

1994        Nov 19, Julian Symons (b.1912)), British detective writer (Death's Darkest Face), died.
    (http://neptune.spaceports.com/~queen/Whodunit__writers.html)

1994        Nov 30, Guy Debord (b.1931), French political theorist and filmmaker, died. His books included “Society of the Spectacle" (1967).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guy_Debord)

1994        John Berendt published "Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil," his personal impressions on the city of Savannah, Ga., which became a best-seller.
    (SFEC, 3/23/97,  p.T8)(SFEC, 3/15/98, p.T11)

1994        Louis de Bernieres authored "Corelli’s Mandolin." It sold 2.5 million copies and won the Granta Prize. In 2001 it was made into a film titled "Captain Corelli’s Mandolin" with Nicolas Cage and Penelope Cruz.
    (WSJ, 10/28/98, p.A20)(SFC, 8/17/01, p.C3)(SSFC, 8/15/04, p.M1)

1994        Harold Bloom published "The Western Canon," a defense of the great books that were under attack due to the current "political correctness."
    (WSJ, 10/23/98, p.W8)

1994        Caleb Carr authored his best seller “The Alienist."
    (www.salon.com/books/int/1997/10/cov_si_04carr.html)

1994        Taslima Nasreen (32), Bangladeshi writer, authored her novel "Lajja" or "Shame," which depicts violence against minority Hindus by Muslim fundamentalists in Bangladesh. Muslims soon called for her execution for that and other works. Nasreen went into hiding in India after receiving threats from Islamic groups.
    (AP, 11/28/07)

1994-1995    Haruki Murakami (b.1949) authored his 3-volume novel “The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle," a surreal 600-page exploration of fear. An English version was published in 1997. In 2011 a stage version premiered in Edinburgh.
    (Econ, 8/27/11, p.75)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haruki_Murakami)

1995        Feb 4, Patricia Highsmith (b.1921), American born novelist, died in Switzerland. Her first novel, “Strangers on a Train" (1950) was made into a 1951 film by Alfred Hitchcock. In 2009 Joan Schenkar authored “The Talented Miss Highsmith: The Secret Life and Serious Art of Patricia Highsmith."
    (SSFC, 12/13/09, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patricia_Highsmith)

1995        Feb 19, Calder Willingham (b.1922), novelist, scriptwriter (The Graduate), died of lung cancer in New Hampshire.
    (www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-1244)

1995        Mar 20, Sidney Kingsley, US playwright (Pulitzer prize 1934), died.
    (MC, 3/20/02)

1995        Apr 27, Willem Frederik Hermans (b.1921), Dutch author, died. His 1966 novel “Beyond Sleep" was considered to be one of the founding works of modern Dutch literature. In 2007 an English translation became available.
    (WSJ, 1/7/07, p.P8)(http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willem_Frederik_Hermans)

1995        Jul 21, Elleston Trevor, author, died.
    (MC, 7/21/02)

1995        Oct 22, Sir Kingsley Amis (73), British novelist and poet, died in London. His 25 novels included “Lucky Jim" (1954) and “The Green Man" (1969). His work also included "The King’s English: A Guide to Modern Usage" and 6 volumes of verse. In 1998 Eric Jacobs published the biography "Kingsley Amis." In 2000 his son, Martin Amis, authored the memoir: "Experience." In 2007 Zachary Leader authored “The Life of Kingsley Amis." In 2007 Zachary Leader authored “The Life of Kingsley Amis."
    (WSJ, 10/23/95, p.A1)(SFEC, 7/19/98, BR p.3)(SFEC, 5/28/00, BR p.1)(AP, 10/22/05)(SSFC, 4/22/07, p.P10)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.96)

1995        Dec 17, This year's British Booker Prize in literature was awarded to Pat Barker for "The Ghost Road," the third novel of a trilogy (1991-1995) that work focused on psychologist W.H.R. Rivers and poet Siegfried Sassoon (1886-1967) set during WW I.
    (www.contemporarywriters.com/authors/?p=auth15)(WSJ, 10/15/97, p.A21)(WSJ, 12/18/95, p.A12)

1995        Monica Furlong (d.2003 at 72), Christian writer and feminist, authored her autobiography: "Bird of Paradise."
    (SFC, 2/3/03, p.B4)
1995        Nick Hornby (b.1957), British writer, authored his novel “High Fidelity," about the fiercely snobby people who sold music. It adapted into a feature film in 2000 and a Broadway musical in 2006. In 2003, the novel was listed on the BBC's survey The Big Read.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Fidelity_%28novel%29)(Econ, 6/6/15, p.76)
1995        German-Jewish writer Stefanie Zweig (1932-2014) authored her autobiographical novel "Nowhere in Africa.". The book retold the story of her family's time in Kenya. A movie adaptation won an Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film in 2003.
    (AP, 4/27/14)

1996        Apr 11, Daniel Wolf (80), journalist, died.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1996        Apr 18, Piet Hein (80), architect, poet, mathematician, inventor, died.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1996        Apr 23, Pamela Lyndon Travers (96), Australia born writer (Mary Poppins), died in London.
    (www.maryborough.qld.gov.au/index.aspx?page=678&mid=1)

1996        May 27, David Malouf, Australian writer, won the $151,000 Int'l. IMPAC Dublin Literary Award for his novel "Remembering Babylon."
    (SFC, 5/27/96, p.B5)

1996        May 28, Eugenia Price, American writer, died at age 79. She wrote historical novels for women and her books were translated into 18 languages. Her "Beauty for Ashes" made the NYT Best Seller List in 1995.
    (SFC, 5/30/96, p.A16)

1996        Jul 23, Jessica Mitford (78), author of "The American Way of Death," died. The 1963 book was an expose of the funeral industry in the US. Her attorney husband, Robert Treuhaft, died in 2001. In 2001 Mary S. Lovell authored "The Sisters: The Saga of the Mitford Family." In 2006 “Decca: The Letters of Jessica," edited by Peter Y. Sussman was published. In 2010 Leslie Brody authored “Irrepressible: The Life and Times of Jessica Mitford."
    (SFC, 6/30/96, Z1 p.3)(SFC, 11/12/01, p.A18)(SSFC, 1/6/02, p.M1)(SFC, 11/3/06, p.E9)(SSFC, 11/14/10, p.F7)

1996        Aug 13, Mary Higgins Clark, suspense writer, signed a 3-book contract with Simon & Schuster for $3 mil per book.
    (SFC, 8/13/96, p.B2)

1996        Dec 17, The Russian Booker Prize for literature, inaugurated in 1992, was awarded to Andrei Sergeyev for his book "Stamp Album."
    (www.themoscowtimes.com/stories/1996/12/17/004.html)

1996        Stephen Ambrose authored "Undaunted Courage," an account of the Lewis and Clark expedition.
    (WSJ, 8/20/01, p.A8)
1996        William Gibson’s novel "Idoru" was published. It was set in about 2036 and envisioned many abandoned Web sites.
    (WSJ, 3/11/97, p.B1)
1996        John Grisham published "The Runaway Jury," the highest selling, fiction hardback of the year (2.7 mil copies).
    (WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R22)
1996        "Manual of the Perfect Latin American Idiot" by Alvaro Vargas Llosa, Carlos Alberto Montaner (Cuban novelist) and Plinio Apuleyo Mendoza was published and became a best seller in Latin America.
    (WSJ, 1/3/97, p.A9)
1996        James McBride authored “The Color of Water: A Black Man’s Tribute to His White Mother.
    (SFC, 2/13/08, p.E5)
1996        The memoir "Angela's Ashes" by  Frank McCourt (1931-2009) was elected the number-one nonfiction book by Time and Newsweek.
    (WSJ, 9/17/99, p.W11)
1996        James Michener wrote "This Noble Land: My Vision of America."
    (SFC,10/17/97, p.A17)
1996        Patrick O’Brian published his 18th volume of the Aubrey-Maturin series of historical novels of seafaring voyages and extended naval battles of the Napoleonic wars.
    (SFEC, 10/27/96, BR p.6)
1996        Sapphire (b.1950), American performance poet born as Ramona Lofton, authored her best-selling novel “Push." In 2009 it was released in the US as a film directed by Lee Daniels.
    (Econ, 11/21/09, p.87)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Precious_%28film%29)

1997        Feb 19, Leo Rosten (88), writer, humorist (Joys of Yiddish), died.
    (www.nndb.com/people/842/000048698/)

1997        Mar 13, In Australia it was revealed that the 1995 award-winning autobiography of an Aboriginal woman, "My Own Sweet Time, " was actually written by a 47-year-old white man in Sidney named Leon Carmen.
    (SFC, 3/14/97, p.A16)

1997        Mar 28, Robert Pinsky (56) of Boston Univ. was named poet laureate of the United States by the Library of Congress.
    (SFC, 3/28/97, p.A7)

1997        Apr 5 Allen Ginsberg, the counterculture guru who shattered conventions as poet laureate of the Beat Generation, died in New York City at age 70. His last book of poems "Death and Fame: Last Poems 1993-1997" was edited by Bob Rosenthal, Peter Hale and Bill Morgan following his death. In 2000 Bill Morgan edited "Deliberate Prose: Selected Essays 1952-1995." In 2001 David Carter edited "Allen Ginsberg: Spontaneous Mind, The Selected Interviews, 1958-1996."
    (SFEC, 4/6/97, p.A11)(AP, 5/5/97)(WSJ, 4/2/99, p.W6)(SFEC, 5/9/99, BR p.3)(SFEC, 3/5/00, DB p.4)(SSFC, 4/8/01, BR p.2)

1997        Apr 7, The Pulitzer Prize for fiction went to Steven Millhauser for "Martin Dressler: The Tale of an American Dreamer," but no award was given for drama. The Times-Picayune of New Orleans won two journalism Pulitzers, including the public service prize, for a series examining how overfishing and pollution are devastating the oceans.
    (AP, 4/7/97)

1997        Apr 11, Michael Dorris (52), writer, committed suicide.
    (MC, 4/11/02)

1997        May 15, Saadallah Wannous, Syrian playwright, died in Damascus. His plays included "A Night Party for July 5," "Rituals of Signs and Changes," "The King Is the King," and "The Rape," an adoption of a Spanish play that was banned.
    (SFC, 5/19/97, p.A24)

1997        Jun 4, Kurt Adler (91), therapist, writer, died.
    (MC, 6/4/02)

1997        Aug 2, William Burroughs (1914-1997), writer, the godfather of the beat generation, died of a heart attack at his home in Lawrence, Ka. His work included "Naked Lunch" (1959), which was originally banned and published in the US in 1962. He also wrote the books "Junkie" and "Queer."
    (SFC, 8/4/97, p.E5)(AP, 8/2/98)(SFC, 8/31/04, p.E7)

1997        Dec 28, James Lees-Milne (b.1908), British biographer, architectural historian and watercolorist, died. His work included a biography of British politician Harold Nicolson. In 2001 Milne’s "Deep Romantic Chasm: Diaries 1979-1981" was published. The final installment of his diaries, The Milk of Paradise," was published in 2006. In 2009 Michael Bloch authored “James Lees-Milne: The Life."
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, DB p.63)(WSJ, 7/1/06, p.P6)(Econ, 11/21/09, p.86)

1997        Kathy Acker (b.1948), bad-girl writer, died. In 2002 Amy Scholder and Dennis Cooper edited "Essential Acker: The Selected Writings of Kathy Acker."
    (SSFC, 11/10/02, p.M4)
1997        Elspeth Huxley (b.1907), English author, died. Her books included "The Flame Trees of Thika." In 2003 C.S. Nicholls authored "Elspeth Huxley: A Biography."
    (SSFC, 8/10/03, p.M2)
1997        Japanese author Natsuo Kirino (b.1951) authored her crime novel “Out." The book’s title clearly conveys the experience of being on the out-side of social groups. It became a bestseller.
    (Econ, 3/29/14, p.24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natsuo_Kirino)

1998        Feb 7, Novelist Lawrence Sanders died at age 78. His debut thriller "The Anderson Tapes" launched his career, and his 38th book was due later this month.
    (SFC, 2/13/98, p.D8)

1998        Feb 17, Ernst Juenger, German writer, died at age 102.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.A18)

1998        Apr 14, The Grand Forks Herald of North Dakota won a Pulitzer Prize for its coverage of a flood and fire despite a damaged printing plant. The fiction prize went to Philip Roth, his first,  for "American Pastoral."
    (WSJ, 4/15/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/14/99)

1998        Apr 27, Carlos Castaneda (72), author, died. His 1968 thesis: "The Teachings of Don Juan: A Yaqui Way of Knowledge," published by the Univ. of Calif. Press (1968), became an int’l. best seller. In 1997 his ex-wife Margaret Runyan Castaneda authored "A Magical Journey With Carlos Castaneda." In 2000 Richard DeMille authored "Castaneda's Journey: The Power and the Allegory." In 2003 Amy Wallace, Castaneda's lover in the 1970s, authored "The Sorcerer's Apprentice: My Life With Carlos Castaneda."
    (SFC, 6/19/98, p.A2)(SSFC, 8/24/03, p.E2)

1998        Jun 5, Alfred Kazin (b.1915), literary critic, died on his birthday. Kazin’s work included 3 autobiographical volumes: “A Walker in the City," “Starting Out in the Thirties," and “New York Jew."  In 2003 Ted Solotaroff edited "Alfred Kazin's America: Critical and Personal Writings." In 2007 Richard M. Cook authored “Alfred Kazin: A Biography."
    (SSFC, 10/19/03, p.M2)(WSJ, 1/12/08, p.W9)(SFC, 2/7/08, p.E2)

1998        Jul 23, In Colombia Manuel Mejia Vallejo, novelist, died at age 75. His work included "It was Us," "The Marked Day," and "the House of the Two Palms."
    (SFC, 7/24/98, p.D5)

1998        Jul 27, Noel Behn (70), novelist and screenwriter, died in Manhattan. His work included "The Kremlin Letter," "The Big Stick-Up at Brink’s," and "The Shadowboxer."
    (SFC, 8/1/98, p.A19)

1998        Aug 13, Julien Green (97), the first American to be elected to the Academie Francaise, died in Paris. The Catholic and homosexual writer produced 18 novels that included "Moira" and "Each in his Darkness." He also published 14 volumes of journals and 5 volumes of memoirs.
    (SFC, 8/18/98, p.A18)

1998        Aug 22, Elena Garro (b. 1920), Mexican novelist, playwright and former wife of Octavio Paz, died at age 77. Her foremost novel was "Recuerdos del Porvenir" (Remembrances of the Future).
    (SFEC, 8/23/98, p.D4)

1998        Dec 16, William Gaddis, American writer, died at age 75. His work included "The Recognitions" (1955) and "A Frolic of His Own." In 2002 his novel "Agapé Agape" was published along with his essays: "The Rush for Second Place."
    (WSJ, 12/18/98, p.A1)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.M2)

1998        Tristan Egolf (1972-2005) authored “Lord of the Barnyard," a sprawling story of a farm boy’s misadventures.
    (SFC, 5/12/05, p.B6)

1998        Martha Gellhorn (b.1908), writer and the 3rd wife of Ernest Hemingway (1940), died at age 89. Her work included the 1978 memoir "Travels With Myself and Another." In 2003 Caroline Moorhead authored "Gellhorn: A Twentieth Century Life."
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, p.T4)(SSFC, 11/2/03, p.M1)

1999        Feb 8, Iris Murdoch (b.1919), Dublin-born novelist, died. Her husband, John Bayley, published "Iris: A Memoir of Iris Murdoch" in 1998. It was published in the US as "Elegy for Iris."
    (SFC, 2/9/99, p.A20)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iris_Murdoch)

1999        Mar 8, Alice Munro of Canada won the National Book Critics Circle award for fiction for her short-story collection "The Love of a Good Woman." Philip Gourevitch won the nonfiction award for "We Wish To Inform You That Tomorrow We Will Be Killed With Our Families," a work on the Rwandan genocide. Sylvia Nassar won the biography award for her work on John Forbes Nash Jr., Nobel laureate in mathematics. Gary Giddins won the award for criticism for "Visions of Jazz: The First Century."
    (SFC, 3/9/99, p.C2)

1998        Michel Houellebecq authored “Les Particules Elementaires" (The Elementary Particles), a nihilist novel that looked at the current era from the year 2079. In it 2 half brothers served as emblems of 2 self-destructive tendencies in modern life: radical individual autonomy and technological perfection. It created a literary scandal in France and was denounced as racist, fascist, sexist, and homophobic. An English translation came out in 2000.
    (WSJ, 11/15/00, p.A24)(Econ, 9/17/05, p.87)(WSJ, 5/27/06, p.P8)

1998        Louis Sachar authored "Holes," a novel about kids in prison in Texas. It was made into a film in 2003.
    (SFC, 5/5/03, p.D1)

1999        Jan 11, Brian Moore (59), Irish born writer, died in California. His books included the novel “Catholics" (1973).
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/253500.stm)

1999        Apr 13, In Chile Alejandra Matus, author, launched her new book "The Black Book of Chilean Justice." Police confiscated the books the next day and Matus fled the country to Argentina.
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, p.A26)

1999        Apr 14, The Pulitzer Prize in literature went to Michael Cunningham for his novel "The Hours."
    (WSJ, 4/16/99, p.W15)

1999        Jun 19, Mario Soldati (b.1906), Italian writer and film director, died at age 92. He started publishing novels in 1929 although his fame came with “America primo amore" (1935), a diary about the time he spent teaching at Columbia University. He won literary awards for the work.
    (SFC, 6/24/99, p.A25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mario_Soldati)

1999        Jul 2, Mario Puzo, author of "The Godfather," died on Long Island at age 78. His last book, "Omerta," was scheduled for publication in 2000.
    (SFC, 7/3/99, p.A21)

1999        Dec 12, Joseph Heller, author of "Catch-22," died at age 76 in East Hampton, N.Y. His 1998 memoir was titled "Now and Then: From Coney Island to Here." Other novels included "God Knows" (1984) and "Closing Time" (1994). His final work was "Portrait of an Artist as an Old Man." In 2011 Tracy Dougherty authored “Just One Catch: A Biography of Joseph Heller."
    (SFC, 12/14/99, p.A10)(WSJ, 6/9/00, p.W9)(SSFC, 8/21/11, p.F1)

1999        Breyten Breytenbach, Afrikaner writer, authored "Dog Heart: A Memoir," a look at South Africa since the 1994 elections.
    (WSJ, 10/4/99, p.A40)
1999        Nadine Gordimer, South Africa writer, authored "Living in Hope and History: Notes from Our Century."
    (SFEC, 12/12/99, BR p.5)
1999        Elizabeth Sparrow authored “Secret Service: British Agents in France: 1792-1815."
    (WSJ, 12/9/06, p.P12)

2000        Jan 2, Patrick O'Brian, (born in England as Richard Patrick Russ), celebrated novelist, died at age 85 in Ireland while writing his 21st novel set during the Napoleonic wars. His 1st Aubrey and Maturin novel was "Master and Commander," begun in 1969 was published in 1970. His first novel was "The Golden Ocean" written in 1956.
    (SFC, 1/8/00, p.A19)(WSJ, 11/7/03, p.W15)

2000        Mar 8, In Italy Harold Bloom’s new book "How To Read and Why" was published. The American version came out in April. His other 24 books included "The Western Canon."
    (WSJ, 5/1/00, p.A24)

2000        Mar 28, Prof. Adam B. Ulam of Harvard Univ., died at age 77. His 18 books included "Stalin: The Man and His Era" (1973).
    (SFC, 4/1/00, p.A26)

2000        Apr 4, Ha Jin, Prof. of English at Emory Univ. won the PEN/Faulkner Prize for His novel "Waiting." Jin had arrived in the US from China in 1985.
    (SFC, 4/5/00, p.C3)

2000        Apr 10, David M. Kennedy won a Pulitzer prize for "Freedom From Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929-1945." Jhumpa Lahiri won the fiction award for "Interpreter of Maladies." The Washington Post won three Pulitzer Prizes, including the public service award for the second year in a row; The Wall Street Journal took two honors, and The Associated Press won for investigative reporting on the killing of civilians by US troops at the start of the Korean War.
    (SFC, 4/11/00, p.A2)(AP, 4/10/01)

2000        Apr 13, Giorgio Bassani, Italian author, died at age 84. His books included "The Garden of the Finzi-Continis."
    (SFC, 4/14/00, p.D5)

2000        Apr 28, English writer Penelope Fitzgerald (b.1916) died. In 2012, The Observer named her final novel, The Blue Flower (1995), as one of "the ten best historical novels." In 2013 Hermione Lee authored “Penelope Fitzgerald: A Life."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penelope_Fitzgerald)(Econ, 11/2/13, p.91)

2000        May 21, In Britain Dame Barbara Cartland (98), author of 723 romance novels, died.
    (SFC, 5/22/00, p.A14)

2000        Jul 21, Marc Reisner, author of "Cadillac Desert," died in Marin, Ca., at age 51. His 1986 book was an angry indictment of water depletion in the American West.
    (SFC, 7/24/00, p.A21)

2000        Jul 31, William Maxwell (b.1908) novelist and editor for the New Yorker, died in NYC. In 2008 the Library of America published a 2-volume edition of his fiction.
    (WSJ, 9/5/08, p.W6)(www.answers.com/topic/maxwell-william-keepers-jr)

2000        JT Leroy authored his 1st book “Sarah. The narrator, a 12-year-old boy, has renamed himself Sarah after his whorish mother because he has learned from her example that "Most anything you want in this world is easier when you're a pretty girl." In 2005 it was revealed that the author was a fake identity created by SF residents Laura Albert, her husband Geoffrey Knoop and Geoffrey’s sister Savannah. In 2006 Knoop acknowledged that Laura Albert wrote “Sarah,“ and followed up in 2001 with “The heart Is Deceitful Above All Things."
    (http://tinyurl.com/cqvnn)(SFC, 1/10/06, p.A8)(SFC, 2/7/06, p.A3)
2000        The Caine Prize for African Writing, named in memory of the late Sir Michael Harris Caine (1927-1999), was first awarded to Leila Aboulela (b.1964) of Sudan at the Zimbabwe International Book Fair 2000 in Harare. Caine was a former Chairman of Booker plc., Chairman of Africa 95, and Chairman of the Booker Prize management committee for almost 25 years.
    (www.caineprize.com/about.php)
2000        Kang Chol-Hwan authored “The Aquariums of Pyongyang," one of the first published accounts of the North Korean gulags.
    (SFC, 4/20/13, p.D1)
2000        Mario Vargos Llosa of Peru authored his historical novel “The Feast of the Goat." It explored the cruel regime of General Trujillo in the Dominican Rep.
    (Econ, 10/16/10, p.44)

2001        Mar 12, Robert Ludlum (73), suspense novelist, died in Naples, Fla. His books included "The Scarlatti Inheritance," "The Chancellor Manuscript," the Bourne trilogy, "The Matlock Paper," "Trevayne" and others.
    (SFC, 3/13/01, p.A25)(AP, 3/12/02)

2001        Apr 16, The Oregonian of Portland won two Pulitzer Prizes, including public service for its examination of widespread abuses by the Immigration and Naturalization Service. In breaking news reporting, The Miami Herald won for its coverage of the pre-dawn raid by federal agents who took custody of Elian Gonzalez; the story also produced the breaking news photography award for Alan Diaz of The Associated Press. Michael Chabon won the Pulitzer Prize for his novel "The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay"; David Auburn won for his play "Proof."
    (SFC, 4/17/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/17/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/16/02)

2001        May 11, Douglas Adams (b.1952), English author of "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy," died in Santa Barbara, Calif. He was buried at London’s Highgate Cemetery.
    (AP, 5/11/02)(AP, 9/29/09)

2001        Jun 27, Tove Jansson (b.1914), writer and creator of the Moomin family of trolls, died in Finland. She began her 1st Moomin book in 1939. The Swedish-speaking Finnish novelist, painter, illustrator and comic strip author received the Hans Christian Andersen Medal in 1966. In 2014 Tuula Karjalainen’s “Tove Jansson: Work and Love" became available in English.
    (SFC, 7/17/01, p.A15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tove_Jansson)

2001        Jul 3, Mordecai Richler, Canadian social critic and novelist, died at age 70. His work included the novel "The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz" (1959).
    (SFC, 7/5/01, p.D3)

2001        Jul 23, Eudora Welty (b.1909), Pulitzer Prize-winning writer, died in Jackson, Miss. Her work included the 1941 collection "A Curtain of Green and Other Stories" and the 1973 Pulitzer Prize winning "The Optimist’s Daughter." In 1998 Ann Waldron authored the biography “Eudora" against the writer’s wishes. In 2005 Suzanne Marrs authored the biography “Eudora Welty."
    (WSJ, 7/24/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/24/01, p.A17)(WSJ, 8/5/05, p.W6)

2001        Jul 31, Poul Anderson, science fiction writer, died at age 74.
    (WSJ, 8/3/01, p.A1)

2001        Aug 1, Robert Henry Rimmer, author of the 1960s novel "The Harrad Experiment," died at age 84.
    (SFC, 8/11/01, p.A17)

2001        Aug 6, Jorge Amado (b.1912), author of 32 novels, died at age 88. He was considered Brazil’s greatest contemporary writer.
    (SFC, 8/9/01, p.D2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jorge_Amado)

2001        Aug 13, Elizabeth Cavanna Harrison (aka Betsy Allen or Elizabeth Headley), American romance writer, died in France at age 92. Her over 80 romances included "Going on Sixteen" (1945), and "Spice Island Mystery" 1970.
    (SFC, 8/14/01, p.A18)

2001        Aug 23, Peter Maas, novelist and non-fiction writer, died at age 72. His work included "The Valachi Papers" (1969), "Serpico," "The King of Gypsies," and "Underboss: Sammy the Bull Gravano’s Story of Life in the Mafia."
    (SFC, 8/24/01, p.D7)

2001        Nov 10, Ken Kesey (b.1935), author, died in Eugene, Oregon. His books included "One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest" (1962) and "Sometimes a Great Notion" (1964). In 2013 Rick Dodgson authored “It’s All Kind of Magic: The Young Ken Kesey."
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.A1)(NW, 12/31/01, p.109)(SSFC, 11/10/13, p.F7)

2001        Nov 14, Jonathan Franzan won the national Book Award in fiction for "The Corrections." Andrew Solomon, gay psychiatrist, won the non-fiction award for "The Noonday Demon: An Atlas of Depression."
    (SFC, 11/15/01, p.A2)(Econ, 12/22/12, p.132)

2001        Dec 14, W.G. Sebald (b.1944), German-born British author, died in a car accident. His books included "The Emigrants" (1996) and "The Rings of Saturn" (1998). His novel "Austerlitz" (2001) had just recently been awarded The National Books Critics Award for 2002.
    (SSFC, 12/23/01, p.M4)(SFC, 3/12/02, p.A2)

2001        Jonathan Franzen authored his novel “The Corrections." It spent 29 weeks on the New York Times bestseller list and won the 2001 National Book Award.
    (Econ, 8/28/10, p.72)

2001        Manu Herbstein (b.1936), a South African resident of Ghana, authored “Ama: A Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade."
    (www.nathanielturner.com/amastoryofatlanticslavetrade.htm)

2001        Mario Vargas Llosa, Peruvian writer, authored “The Feast of the Goat," a portrayal of the last days of the Trujillo regime in the Dominican Republic.
    (WSJ, 9/1/07, p.P9)

2001        Ian McEwan, a British writer, authored his novel “Atonement." In 2007 it was made into a film starring James McAvoy and directed by Joe Wright.
    (SFC, 12/4/07, p.E1)

2001        Carlos Ruiz Zafon authored “The Shadow of the Wind." It became a best seller in Spain and in 2004 was translated into English by Lucia Graves.
    (Econ, 4/3/04, p.87)

2001        Dare Wright (b.1914), author, died. He books included “The Lonely Doll.“ In 2004 Jean Wright authored “The Secret Life of the Lonely Doll.“
    (SSFC, 9/5/04, p.M1)

2002        Mar 11, The National Book Critics Circle (f.1974) awarded top honors to W.G. Sebald (d.2001) for his novel "Austerlitz." Nicholson Baker won the nonfiction category for "Double Fold: Libraries and the Assault on Paper."  Martin Amis won the criticism category for "The War Against Cliché." Albert Goldbarth won the poetry category for "Saving Lives." Adam Sisman won the biography category for "Boswell’s Presumptuous Task: The Making of the Life of Dr. Johnson."
    (SFC, 3/12/02, p.A2)

2002        Apr 8, The Pulitzer Prizes were announced. Arts winners included Louis Menand in history for "The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America," David McCullough for his biography "John Adams," and composer Henry Bryant (88) for "Ice Field."
    (SFC, 4/9/02, p.A2)

2002        Apr 15, Damon Knight (79), science fiction writer and editor, died in Eugene. His work included "The Futurians" (1977), a memoir of a group of budding writers that included Asimov, Wollheim, Pohl and himself. His 1950 story "To Serve Man" was made into a Twilight Zone episode in 1962.
    (SFC, 4/19/02, p.A27)

2002        May 20, Steven Jay Gould (60), polymath, paleontologist and writer, died of cancer in NYC. He and Niles Eldredge were proponents of the theory of punctuated evolution, an update on Darwin’s theory of evolution. His books included "The Mismeasure of Man" (1988). His book "The Hedgehog, the Fox and the Magister’s Pox: Mending the Gap Between Science and the Humanities" was published posthumously in 2003.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A6)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.M1)

2002        May 28, Mildred Wirt Benson (96), newspaperwoman and creator of the "Nancy Drew" children's mystery stories (1930), died in Toledo, Ohio. She wrote under the direction of Edward Stratemeyer and used the pen name Carolyn Keene.
    (WSJ, 5/31/02, p.A13)(AP, 5/28/03)(http://tinyurl.com/e39rt)

2002        Jun 11, Quincy Troupe (62), prof. of creative writing at UC San Diego, was named California state poet laureate. Troupe resigned Oct 18 after he acknowledged that he lied in his resume about graduating from college.
    (SFC, 6/12/02, p.D5)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.A14)

2002        Jul 23, Chaim Potok (73), rabbi and author of novels that included "The Chosen," died at his home in suburban Philadelphia. "Literature presents you with alternative mappings of the human experience."
    (SFC, 7/24/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 23, William Pierce (d.2002), white supremacist author of the 1978 "Turner Diaries," died in Hillsboro, West Virginia.
    (WSJ, 7/24/02, p.A1)

2002        Aug 5, Winifred Watson (95), a popular writer of the 1930s who found a new readership in the 21st century, died in England. His work included the humorous and risqué novel "Miss Pettigrew Lives for a Day" (1938).
    (AP, 8/14/02)

2002        Aug 27, Stanley R. Greenberg (74), writer, died. His work included over 40 plays for stage, film and TV including the screenplay for the 1973 film "Soylent Green."
    (SFC, 8/28/02, p.A19)(MoTV, 1977, p.667)

2002        Sep 2, Jerry Boyd (b.1930), boxing trainer and author (pen name F.X. Toole), died. Two of his short stories were adopted for the 2004 film “Million Dollar Baby."
    (SSFC, 8/6/06, p.M1)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F.X._Toole)

2002        Oct 3, Wu-chi Liu (95), China-born scholar, died in Menlo Park, Ca. His books included "A Short History of Confucian Philosophy" and "An Introduction to Chinese Literature." He was also the senior editor of "Sunflower Splendor," an anthology that encompassed 3,000 years of Chinese poetry in translation.
    (SFC, 10/18/02, p.A26)

2002        Oct 31/Nov 1, Inmates at San Quentin performed the verse drama "John Brown’s Body" by Stephen Vincent Benet under the direction of Joseph De Francesca.
    (SFC, 11/19/02, p.D1)(EW)

2002        Nov 4, Jerry Sohl (88), science fiction author, died in Thousand Oaks, California. His books included "The Transcendent Man" and "The Altered Ego."
    (SFC, 11/11/02, p.A20)

2002        Nov 24, Harriet Doerr (b.1910), author of "Stone for Ibarra" (1984), died in Pasadena.
    (SFC, 11/28/02, p.A30)

2002        Dec 21, In Spain Jose Hierro (80), a poet who won the Spanish-speaking world's highest literary award while writing in a Madrid coffee shop, died.
    (AP, 12/21/02)

2002        Chinese writer Jiang Benhu (b.1964), a former member of the intelligence services, authored “Jiemi" under the pseudonym  Mai Jia. In 2014 it was translated into English under the title “Decoded."
    (Econ, 3/22/14, p.84)
2002        Michael Crichton authored "Prey," an novel that portrayed a mayhem of nanotechnology mixed with biotechnology.
    (WSJ, 11/22/02, p.W10)
2002        Carlos Fuentes published his novel “La silla del aguila," in Mexico. In 2006 an English translation by Kristina Cordero was published as “The Eagle’s Throne."
    (SSFC, 5/27/06, p.M1)
2002        Caroline Knapp (42), author of "Drinking: A Love Story" (1996), died. In 2003 her book "Appetites: Why Women Want," was published.
    (SSFC, 5/18/03, p.M1)
2002        "The Sexual Life of Catherine M." by Catherine Millet was published in the US following a successful introduction in France.
    (NW, 5/27/02, p.70)
2002        David L. Ulin edited "Writing Los Angeles: A Literary Anthology."
    (SSFC, 10/12/02, p.M1)

2002        China banned the novel "K: The Art of Love" by Chen Hongying following a lawsuit by a British woman who said the book insulted her late parents. The book was based on letters and journals of Julian Bell (d.1937), a nephew of Virginia Woolf, and his affair with poet named Lin.
    (SFC, 12/13/02, p.K2)

2003        Jan 3, Jose Maria Gironella (85), Spanish author, died. His work included "The Cypresses Believe in God," a trilogy based on the 1936-1939 Civil War, for which he won the 1953 National Literary prize.
    (SFC, 2/10/03, p.B5)

2003        Jan 29, Leslie Fiedler (85), author and literary critic, died in Buffalo, NY. His 1960 "Love and Death in the American Novel" analyzed the work of mark Twain, Ernest Hemingway and others.
    (SFC, 1/31/03, p.A26)

2003        Feb 8, Augusto Monterosso (81), Honduras-born Guatemalan writer, died in Mexico City. His work included "Perpetual Movement" (1972); "The Letter E: Fragments of a Diary" (1987); and "The Magic Word" (1983).
    (SFC, 2/10/03, p.B5)

2003        Feb 23, Robert K. Merton (b.1910), writer and sociologist, died. In 1965 he authored “On the Shoulders of Giants" (OTSOG), wherein he traced the eponymous title, usually attributed to Isaac Newton, to Bernard of Chartres in about 1130. [see 1159]
    (www.asanet.org/footnotes/mar03/indextwo.html)

2003          Feb 26, The National Book Critics Circle for general nonfiction went to Samantha Power for "A Problem from Hell: American and the Age of Genocide."
    (SFC, 2/27/03, A2)

2003          Mar 8, Michael Moore won best original screenplay for "Bowling for Columbine" in the 55th annual Writer’s Guild Awards.
    (SFC, 3/10/03, p.D2)

2003        Mar 12, Howard Fast (b.1914), historical fiction author, died in Old. Greenwich, Conn. His books included "Citizen Tom Paine" (1943), "Freedom Road" (1944), "Spartacus" (1953) and "The Naked God" (1957).
    (SFC, 3/13/03, p.A21)

2003        Mar 14, Amanda Davis (32), writing professor at Mills College in Oakland, Ca., was killed in a small plane crash near Ashville, NC, along with her parents. She was on a book signing tour for her novel "Wonder When You’ll Miss Me."
    (SFC, 1/19/02, p.D4)

2003        Mar 10, Carolyn Doty (b.1941), novelist and prof. of English at U. of Kansas, died. Her 4 novels included "A Day Later" (1980). "She managed to peer into corners of human behaviour that others overlooked."
    (SFC, 3/29/03, p.A12)

2003        Jun 21, Leon Uris (78), author, died on New York's Shelter Island. His books included "Battle Cry" (1953), the best-selling "Exodus" (1958) and "Mila 18" (1960).
    (AP, 6/24/03)(SFC, 6/25/03, p.A25)

2003        Jul 8, Antonis Samarakis (84), Greek writer and children's rights activist, died. His books included the novel "Mistake" (1965).
    (SFC, 8/11/03, p.A17)

2003        Jul 9, Winston Graham (93), author of the hugely popular Poldark novels, died in Sussex, England. His other novels included "Marnie" (1961).
    (AP, 7/11/03)

2003        Jul 15, Roberto Bolano (b.1953), Chilean author, died in Spain. His novel “2666" was published posthumously in 2006. In 2007 his novel “The Savage Detectives" (1998) was made available in English.
    (www.absoluteastronomy.com/enc3/roberto_bola%C3%B1o)(SSFC, 4/1/07, p.M1)

2003        Jul 16, Carol Shields (68), the Pulitzer-prize winning author who wrote "The Stone Diaries" (1995) and more than 20 other books, died at her home in Victoria, British Columbia.
    (AP, 7/17/03)(SFC, 7/18/03, p.A29)

2003        Aug 4, Brazilian novelist Rubem Fonseca (b.1925) won Mexico's prestigious Juan Rulfo Prize for literature.
    (AP, 8/4/03)

2003        Aug 23, Marion Hargrove (83), American writer, died in Long Beach, Calif. She was noted for the bestselling World War II comedy novel “See Here, Private Hargrove," which was made into a 1944 movie with Robert Walker as Hargrove and Donna Reed as his love interest.
    (AP, 8/30/04)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marion_Hargrove)

2003        Aug 24,  Sir Wilfred Thesiger (93), writer, explorer and chronicler of the world's vanishing ways of life, died. Thesiger's most famous books were "Arabian Sands," about his travels with the Bedu people across the Empty Quarter of southern Arabia in the 1940s, and "The Marsh Arabs," the story of the Shiite marsh dwellers of southern Iraq.
    (AP, 8/26/03)

2003        Sep 4, Mario Monteforte Toledo, Guatemalan writer and activist, died. His work included the 1952 novel "En Donde Acaban los Caminos" (Where the Roads End).
    (SFC, 9/5/03, p.A23)

2003        Sep 25, George Plimpton (b.1927), writer and participatory journalist, died in NYC at age 76. He helped found the Paris Review in 1953. His books included "Paper Lion" (1966).
    (SFC, 9/27/03, p.A2)
2003        Sep 25, Edward Said (67), Palestinian American journalist, critic and author, died. His books included "Orientalism" and "Culture and Imperialism."
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.E9)(Econ, 10/4/03, p.84)

2003        Oct 29, Harry Clement Stubbs (81), science fiction writer, died. His books included "Mission of Gravity" (1953).
    (SFC, 11/1/03, p.A21)

2003        Oct, Vol. 1 of Osamu Tezuka's "Buddha" series was published in the US. The 8-volume epic was about the life and times of Siddartha.
    (SSFC, 4/4/04, p.F1)

2003        Nov 15, Mohamed Choukri (68), a Moroccan writer whose tales about his experiences with drugs and homosexuality were banned at home, died in Tangiers. His best-known work, "For Bread Alone" (1981),  was published in Paris and told of his difficult adolescence.
    (AP, 11/16/03)

2003        Dec 11, Ahmadou Kourouma, Ivorian writer, died. His 5th novel, incomplete, was published in French in 2004.
    (Econ, 8/28/04, p.76)

2003        Dec 18, Charles Berlitz (90), linguist and author, died in Florida. His books included "The Bermuda Triangle" (1974), and "Native Tongues," a compendium of language history.
    (SFC, 1/5/04, p.B5)

2003        Dec 27, Juan Garcia Ponce (71), a renowned Mexican art critic, translator and prize-winning novelist, died. Ponce was born in Merida, the capital of Yucatan state, on Sept. 22, 1932. The author of at least 50 books, Ponce wrote novels, plays, screenplays and essays and was considered a master of erotic literature.
    (AP, 12/28/03)(SFC, 12/29/03, p.A12)

2003        Dec 30, John Gregory Dunne (b.1932), author, screenwriter and husband of Joan Didion, died in NYC. His novels included "True Confessions" (1977).
    (SFC, 1/1/04, p.A23)

2003        Monica Ali authored “Brick Lane," a novel that evokes Bangladeshi community of London, England.
    (Econ, 6/30/12, p.85)
2003        Dan Brown authored the best-seller thriller novel "The Da Vinci Code." The story held that Jesus was married to Mary Magdalene and fathered a daughter; that the Bible was put together by a 4th century emperor with a thing against women; and that the Catholic Church is a criminal conspiracy.
    (SFC, 8/30/03, p.D1)(Econ, 5/20/06, p.34)
2003        Paul Elie authored "The Life You Save May Be Your Own: An American Pilgrimage." It was a group biography of Doris Day, Thomas Merton, Flannery O’Connor and Walker Percy.
    (SSFC, 4/20/03, p.M3)
2003        The purported memoir “A Million Little Pieces" by James Frey was published. In 2005 it was endorsed by Oprah Winfrey and became a best seller. In 2006 Frey acknowledged that much of the book was falsified.
    (SFC, 1/27/06, p.A2)
2003        DBC Pierre won the 2003 Booker Prize for his novel "Vernon God Little."
    (SSFC, 10/26/03, p.M3)
2003        Bangladesh author Salam Azad published his novel "Bhanga Math" ("Broken Temple") in India. In 2004 it was banned for blasphemy by the Bangladeshi government. In 2012 a court in Dhaka issued an arrest warrant for Azad in response to a petition from a Muslim activist accusing author Salam Azad of hurting religious sentiment in the banned book. Azad (48) said he had become a target after protesting an official’s grabbing of Hindu property.
    (AFP, 6/5/12)
2003        Vikas Swarup, Indian diplomat, authored his novel “Q&A" while in London. The novel was turned into the successful film “Slumdog Millionaire" (2008).
    (Econ, 1/31/09, p.90)

2004        Jan 15, Olivia Goldsmith (54), author of "The First Wives Club" (1992), died in NYC of complications from plastic surgery. Her book became a revenge fantasy for wives tossed aside in favor of younger women. It became a No. 1 film in 1996 starring Goldie Hawn, Diane Keaton and Bette Midler.
    (AP, 1/16/04)(SFC, 1/17/04, p.A17)

2004        Jan 29, Janet Frame (b.1924), author, died in Dunedin, New Zealand. Her 3-volume autobiography was dramatized in the 1990 film "An Angel at My Table."
    (SFC, 1/31/04, p.A1)

2004        Mar 27, Robert Merle (95), French author, died. His books included "The Day of the Dolphin," which was made into a 1973 film.
    (SFC, 4/1/04, p.B7)

2004        Mar 29, Margaret McCord Nixon (87), South-African-born author of "The Calling of Katie Makanya" (1997), died in Venice, Ca.
    (SFC, 4/13/04, p.B7)

2004        Mar 30, Alistair Cooke (b.1908), television host and author, died in NYC at age 95. His books included "Alistair Cooke's America" (1972).
    (Econ, 4/3/04, p.89)

2004        Apr 26, Denis Hills (90), the writer sentenced to death by Idi Amin for describing the Ugandan dictator as a "black Nero" and "village tyrant," died in southern England.
    (AP, 5/1/04)
2004        Apr 26, Hubert Selby Jr. (b.1928), author of "Last Exit to Brooklyn," died in LA.
    (SFC, 4/27/04, p.B7)

2004        Jun 17, Tahar Ben Jelloun (59), a Moroccan-born novelist and poet, won the Int’l. IMPAC Dublin Literary Award for the best work of English fiction for 2002. Linda Coverdale, translator of “This Blinding Absence of Light," received a quarter of the $120,000 prize.
    (SFC, 6/18/04, p.E2)

2004        Aug 11, Ngugi wa Thiongo (b.1938), exiled Kenyan writer, was accosted by assailants during a return trip to Nairobi. His face was burned with cigarettes and his wife was raped.
    (Econ, 8/19/06, p.70)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ngugi_wa_Thiongo)

2004        Sep 23, Nigel Nicolson (87), English writer and publisher, died. His mother was Vita Sackville-West.
    (Econ, 10/2/04, p.87)

2004        Sep 24, French author Francoise Sagan (69), who shot to fame with her first novel "Bonjour Tristesse" (1954) at the age of 18 and courted controversy throughout her life, died. She was a longstanding friend of late President Francois Mitterrand and was convicted of taking drugs and for tax evasion.
    (Reuters, 9/24/04)(SSFC, 9/26/04, p.B5)

2004        Oct 19, Britain’s Man Booker Prize and a $90,000 check was awarded to Alan Hollinghurst for his novel “The Line of Beauty."
    (SFC, 10/20/04, p.E2)(SSFC, 10/31/04, p.M1)

2004        Nov 9, Iris Chang (b.1968), author of the 1997 book "The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of WW II," died by suicide in California. In 2007 Paula Kamen authored “Finding Iris Chang: Friendship, Ambition and the Loss of an Extraordinary Mind." In 2011 Her mother Ying-Ying Change authored “The Woman Who Could Not Forget: Iris Change Before and Beyond The Rape of Nanking."
    (Econ, 11/27/04, p.91)(SFCM, 4/17/05, p.5)(SSFC, 11/11/07, p.M1)(SSFC, 5/15/11, p.G1)
2004        Nov 9, Stieg Larsson (b.1954), Swedish novelist, died of a heart attack. By 2009 his “The Millennium Trilogy," published posthumously, had sold more than 12 million copies around the world. The books centered on the heroine Lisbeth Salander, a tattooed bisexual waif with autistic tendencies, a profound distrust of authority, as well as astonishing computer skills and physical courage. The first book in the trilogy, “The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo," was released as a film in 2010.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stieg_Larsson)(Econ, 3/13/10, p.85)

2004        Nov 24, Arthur Hailey (b.1920), author of the 1968 novel “Airport," died in the Bahamas.
    (SFC, 11/26/04, p.B3)

2004        Dec 26, John Kimbro (75), gothic novelist, died in SF. His more than 40 books included the series “Saga of the Phenwick Women."
    (SFC, 1/4/05, p.B5)

2004        Dec 28, Susan Sontag (71), writer, filmmaker and social critic, died of leukemia in NYC. Her 17 books included “Against Interpretation, and Other Essays." In 2011 Sigrid Nunez authored “A Memoir of Susan Sontag."
    (SFC, 12/29/04, p.A1)(Econ, 1/8/05, p.77)(SSFC, 4/3/11, p.G1)

2004        Gabriel Garcia Marquez authored his novel “Memoria de mis Putas Tristes" (A Memoir of My Sad Whores."
    (Econ, 12/4/04, p.85)

2005        Feb 10, Arthur Miller (b.1915), the Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright, died. His most famous fictional creation, Willy Loman in "Death of a Salesman" (1949), came to symbolize the American Dream gone awry.
    (AP, 2/11/05)(SFC, 2/12/05, p.A12)(Econ, 2/19/05, p.84)

2005        Feb 20, Hunter S. Thompson (b.1937), gonzo journalist, committed suicide in Aspen, Colo. The hard-living writer inserted himself into his accounts of America's underbelly and popularized a first-person form of journalism in books such as “The Rum Diary" (1998) and "Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas" (1972).
    (AP, 2/21/05)(SFC, 2/21/05, p.A8)(Econ, 2/26/05, p.86)

2005        Apr 5, Saul Bellow (89), Nobel winning novelist, died in Brookline, Mass. His books included “The Dangling Man" (1944), “Herzog" (1964), and “Ravelstein" (2000). In 2015 Zachary Leader authored “The Life of Saul Bellow: To Fame and Fortune, 1915-1964."
    (SFC, 4/6/05, p.A1)(Econ, 4/16/05, p.76)(SSFC, 5/10/15, p.N1)

2005        Jun 3, Albanian novelist Ismail Kadare (b.1936) won the first international version of Britain's prestigious Man Booker literary prize. Kadare became famous in his homeland with the 1963 publication of his first novel, "The General of the Dead Army" (1963). His other works include "The Concert" (1988) and "The Palace of Dreams" (1981). David Bellos won the accompanying translator’s prize.
    (AP, 6/3/05)(Econ, 9/10/11, p.96)

2005        Jul 16, J.K. Rawling’s latest book, “Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince," the 6th of the series, went on sale.
    (SSFC, 7/17/05, p.A1)

2005        Aug 31, Orhan Pamuk, a Turkish novelist, was charged with insulting his country's national character and could face prison. In February Pamuk was quoted as saying in an interview with a Swiss newspaper magazine: "Thirty-thousand Kurds and one million Armenians were killed in these lands and nobody but me dares to talk about it."
    (AP, 8/31/05)

2005        Sep, The novel “The Girls of Riyadh" by Rajaa al-Sanie (23) was published in Lebanon. Only pirated copies were available in Saudi Arabia. Rajaa Alsanea wrote the novel as a series of anonymous e-mails about the protagonists. In 2007 the book became available in English.
    (SFC, 12/16/05, p.A29)(WSJ, 6/29/07, p.W2)

2005        Nov 5, John Fowles (b.1926), English novelist, died at his home in Lyme Regis, Dorset. His books included "The Collector" (1963), “The Magus" (1965) and “The French Lieutenant's Woman" (1969). Volume I of his journals (1949-1965) was published in May. Volume II (1966-1990) was published in 2006.
    (SFC, 11/8/05, p.B5)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.92)(SSFC, 10/29/06, p.M1)

2005        Dec 16, In Turkey a trial against novelist Orhan Pamuk opened in Istanbul. It was then adjourned to February. Charges were dropped on Jan 23.
    (Econ, 12/24/05, p.71)

2005        Stephenie Meyer (b.1973), American novelist, authored the first of her vampire romance series “Twilight." By 2009 the series consisted of 4 books, of which two were made into movies.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephenie_Meyer)

2005        Orhan Pamuk authored “Istanbul," a personal memoir and cultural history of the city.
    (Econ, 4/9/05, p.71)

2006        Jan 23, A Turkish court dropped charges against Orhan Pamuk, the country's best-known novelist, for insulting "Turkishness," ending a high-profile trial that outraged Western observers and cast doubt on Turkey's commitment to free speech. He had been charged under articles 301 and 305 of the penal code.
    (AP, 1/23/06)(Econ, 1/28/06, p.50)

2006        Feb 11, Peter Benchley (65), "Jaws" author, died in Princeton, N.J.
    (AP, 2/11/07)

2006        Feb 24, Octavia Butler (b.1947), African-American sci-fi writer, died in Seattle. Her 12 books included “Kindred" (1979).
    (SFC, 3/2/06, p.B5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Octavia_Butler)

2006        Apr 13, Dame Muriel Spark (b.1918) died in Tuscany, Italy. Her spare and humorous novels made her one of the most admired British writers of the post World War II years. Her work of 23 novels, included the autobiographical "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie" (1961), which was later adapted for a Broadway hit (1966) and a movie. In 2010 Martin Stannard authored “Muriel Spark: The Biography."
    (AP, 4/15/06)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.83)(SFC, 6/12/10, p.E2)

2006        Jan 28, Maurice Lever (b.1935), French writer, died in Paris of cancer. His work included a biography of Marquis de Sade (1994), “Bloody Rumors" (1993), a history of violent news stories, and “Scepter and Bauble" (1909), a history of court jesters.
    (SFC, 5/30/09, p.E2)(www.imdb.com/name/nm1927840/bio)

2006        Jul 10, Fred Wander (b.1917), writer and Holocaust survivor, died in Vienna. His 1970 novel, “The Seventh Well," describes his survival. The German edition was translated to English in 2007.
    (SFC, 12/11/07, p.D2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fred_Wander)

2006        Jul 17, Mickey Spillane (b.1918), American mystery writer, died in South Carolina. His 13 Mike Hammer novels began with “I, the Jury" (1946). A number of his books were made into films including “The Girl Hunters" in which he played the starring role.
    (SFC, 7/18/06, p.B5)

2006        Jul 28, David Gemmell (b.1948), British writer of fantasy novels, died. He wrote over 30 novels.
    (WSJ, 1/23/08, p.D8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Gemmell)

2006        Aug 11, German novelist Guenter Grass (78) admitted in an interview that he served in the Waffen SS, the combat arm of Adolf Hitler's dreaded paramilitary forces, during World War II. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1999 for works including his 1959 novel, "The Tin Drum." His new memoir about the war years, Peeling the Onion" was published in September, 2006. The English translation came out in 2007.
    (AP, 8/11/06)(SSFC, 7/8/07, p.M1)

2006        Aug 30, Naguib Mahfouz (94), Arab writer, died in Cairo. He became the first Arab writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature (1988) for his novels depicting modern Egyptian life. Across the span of 34 novels, hundreds of short stories and essays, dozens of movie scripts and five plays, Mahfouz depicted with startling realism the Egyptian "Everyman" balancing between tradition and the modern world.
    (AP, 8/30/06)

2006        Sep 9, Elisabeth Ogilvie (89), writer, died at her home in Cushing, Maine. Her 46 books included the Tide trilogy, which centered on the Bennet family and lobster-trapping life.
    (SFC, 9/15/06, p.B9)

2006        Sep 30, André Schwarz-Bart (b.1928), French novelist of Polish-Jewish origins, died in Guadeloupe. His books included the novel “The Last of the Just" (1960), based on the Jewish teaching that the fate of the world lies with 36 just men.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andre_Schwarz-Bart)(WSJ, 12/9/06, p.P12)

2006        Oct 10, Britain’s Man Booker Prize was won by Indian writer Kiran Desai (35) for “The Inheritance of Loss," a cross-continental saga that moves from the Himalayas to NYC.
    (SFC, 10/11/06, p.A16)

2006        Oct 12, Turkish novelist Orhan Pamuk won the Nobel literature prize for his works dealing with the symbols of clashing cultures. His uncommon lyrical gifts and uncompromising politics have brought him acclaim worldwide and prosecution at home.
    (AP, 10/12/06)

2006        Nov 1, William Styron (81), novelist from the American South, died in Massachusetts. His books included “The Confessions of Nat Turner" (1967) and “Sophie’s Choice" (1979).
    (SFC, 11/2/06, p.B7)

2006        Nov 4, Ernestine Gilbreth Carey (98), co-author of "Cheaper by the Dozen," died in Fresno, Calif.
    (AP, 11/4/07)

2006        Nov 27, Bebe Moore Campbell (56), novelist, died of cancer in Los Angeles. Her novels centered on race relations and included “Your Blues Ain’t Like Mine" (1992), which was rooted in the (1955) murder of Emmett Till.
    (SFC, 11/28/06, p.B7)

2006        Dec 16, John Rae (b.1931), English novelist and educator, died. In 2009 his diaries were published under the title: “The Old Boys’ Network: A Headmaster’s Diaries 1970-1986."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Rae_(educator))(Econ, 4/25/09, p.87)

2006        Dave Eggers authored “What Is the What: The Autobiography of Achak Deng." Deng, a Sudanese “lost boy," managed to escape to Ethiopia and work his way to Kenya and ultimately America in 2001. Eggers’ novel is based on interviews with Deng.
    (SSFC, 12/24/06, p.M1)
2006        Gary Shteyngart, Russian-born American writer, authored his novel “Absurdistan."
    (SSFC, 1/5/14, p.F3)

2007        Jan 23, Ryszard Kapuscinski (b.1932), Belarus-born Polish writer and journalist, died following heart surgery. He gained international acclaim for his books chronicling wars, coups and revolutions in Africa, the Middle East and other parts of the world. His books included "The Emperor" (1978), a chronicle of the decline of Haile Selassie's regime in Ethiopia. In 1981 he published "Shah of Shahs," a book about the 1979 Islamic revolution that toppled Iran's Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. His last book “Travels With Herodotus" was published shortly after his death. In 2012 Artur Domoslawski’s “Ryszard Kapuscinski: A Life" (2010), was translated to English by Antonia Lloyd Jones.
    (AP, 1/24/07)(WSJ, 6/9/07, p.P8)(SSFC, 7/22/07, p.M1)(Econ, 6/23/12, p.83)

2007        Jan 24, Jean-Francois Deniau (b.1928), a former French government minister, diplomat, sailor and novelist, died. His novel "Un Hero Tres Discret" (A Very Discreet Hero) told of an ordinary man who reinvented himself as a hero of the World War II Resistance. The book was adapted into a movie by director Jacques Audiard and given the English-language title "A Self Made Hero."
    (AP, 1/24/07)

2007        Jan 30, Sidney Sheldon (89), American writer, died. He won awards in three careers, Broadway theater, movies and television, then at age 50 turned to writing best-selling novels about stalwart women who triumph in a hostile world of ruthless men.
    (AP, 1/31/07)

2007        Feb 22, Lothar-Guenther Buchheim (89), the German author and art collector best known for his 1973 autobiographical novel, "Das Boot," died. In 1981, the book was turned into an acclaimed German film starring Juergen Prochnow that detailed the hopelessness of war and its effect on sailors living in the cramped confines of their submarine.
    (AP, 2/23/07)

2007        Mar 2, Henri Troyat (95), French writer, died. He fled Russia's revolution as a child and went on to become one of France's most prolific, popular and respected authors.
    (AP, 3/5/07)

2007        Apr 11, Kurt Vonnegut (b.1922), regarded by many critics as a key influence in shaping 20th-century American literature, died in NYC. He mixed the bitter and funny with a touch of the profound in books such as "Slaughterhouse-Five," "Cat's Cradle," and "Hocus Pocus." In 2009 Loree Rackstraw, a former student, authored “Love as Always, Kurt: Vonnegut As I Knew Him." In 2011 Charles J. Shields authored “And So It Goes: Kurt Vonnegut: A Life."
    (AP, 4/12/07)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.98)(WSJ, 3/16/09, p.A17)(SSFC, 11/27/11, p.F1)

2007        Apr, The International Prize for Arabic Fiction was officially launched in Abu Dhabi, capital of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). In 2008 the Philanthropy in Abu Dhabi awarded the 1st annual Int’l. Prize for Arabic Fiction to Bahaa Taher for “Sunset Oasis."
    (Econ, 3/26/11, p.95)(http://librarian.lishost.org/?p=1064)

2007        May 30, Mark Harris (b.1922 as Mark Harris Finkelstein), American author, died in Goleta, Ca. His 13 novels and 5 nonfiction books included “Bang The Drum Slowly" (1956), a baseball novel that he adopted for the 1973 movie of the same name.
    (SFC, 6/1/07, p.B9)

2007        Jun 6, Nigeria's Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie won Britain's Orange Prize for fiction by women for her book “Half of a Yellow Sun," becoming the first African to take the award in its 12-year history.
    (AP, 6/6/07)(Econ, 11/24/07, p.54)

2007        Jun 12, In London Chinua Achebe (76), a Nigerian novelist, won the Booker Int’l. Prize for fiction, awarded every 2 years for a body of fiction. He is best known for his 1st book “Things Fall Apart" (1958).
    (SFC, 6/13/07, p.E5)

2007        Jul 6, Kathleen E. Woodiwiss (b.1939), author of steamy genre novels, died in Princeton, Minn. She was widely credited with having founded the historical romance in its modern carnal incarnation. “The Flame and the Flower" (1972) was the 1st of her 13 novels.
    (SFC, 7/13/07, p.B8)

2007        Jul 21, The protracted suspense finally lifted for Harry Potter fans who flooded bookshops worldwide to grab the series finale, "Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows," and find out whether author J.K. Rowling slays or spares the boy wizard.
    (AFP, 7/21/07)(AP, 7/21/08)

2007        Milan Kundera (b.1929), Czechoslovakia born writer, authored “The Curtain: An Essay in Seven Parts," an extended essay on the art of the novel.
    (WSJ, 2/10/07, p.P8)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.83)

2007        Sep 6, Madeleine L’Engle (b.1918), author, died in Litchfield, Conn. Her more than 60 books included “A Wrinkle in Time" (1962), winner of the 1963 Newberry Medal for best American children’s book.
    (SFC, 9/8/07, p.A2)

2007        Oct 16, Anne Enright, Irish author, won the Man Booker prize for her novel “The Gathering."
    (SFC, 10/17/07, p.A2)

2007        Nov 7, A novel by a former radio broadcaster in Canada's north won the 2007 Scotiabank Giller Prize, Canada's most lucrative and prestigious prize for fiction. Elizabeth Hay's "Late Nights on Air" details the loves and rivalries of a cast of eccentric characters at a small radio station in Yellowknife, near Canada's Arctic.
    (Reuters, 11/7/07)

2007        Nov 10, Norman Mailer (84), writer, died. The macho prince of American letters reigned for decades as the country's literary conscience and provocateur with such books as "The Naked and the Dead" (1948) and "The Executioner's Song" (1979). In 2013 J. Michael Lennon authored “Norman Mailer: A Double Life."
    (AP, 11/10/07)(SSFC, 11/11/07, p.A7)(SSFC, 12/29/13, p.F5)

2007        Nov 12, Ira Levin (78), author, died in Manhattan. His work included the best-selling horror and suspense novels "Rosemary's Baby" (1967), "The Stepford Wives" (1972), and "The Boys from Brazil" (1976), all later made into popular films. Levin also wrote for the stage, including "No Time for Sergeants," starring a young Andy Griffith, and the long-running "Deathtrap." Both were later adapted to the screen.
    (Reuters, 11/14/07)

2007        Nov 27, Jane Rule, American-born Canadian writer, died at her home on Galiano Island in British Columbia. Her 1964 novel, “Desert of the Heart," is considered a landmark work of lesbian fiction.
    (SFC, 12/10/07, p.C5)

2007        Dec 22, French author Julien Gracq (97), one of the last links with the pre-World War II Surrealist movement, died.
    (AP, 12/23/07)

2007        Joshua Ferris (b.1974) authored his novel "Then We Came to the End," a satire of office life in an advertising firm.
    (Econ, 1/30/10, p.91)
2007        Nassim Nicholas Taleb (b.1960), Lebanese writer, authored “The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable." Here he wrote “Don’t ask the barber if you need a haircut – and don’t ask an academic if what he does is relevant." A review by the Sunday Times called it one of the twelve most influential books since World War II.
    (Econ, 6/2/07, p.92)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nassim_Nicholas_Taleb)(Econ, 5/16/15, p.55)

2008        Jan 2, George MacDonald Fraser (82), English author of the "Flashman" series of historical adventure yarns, died. "Flashman," published in 1969, introduced readers to an enduring literary antihero: the roguish, irrepressible Harry Flashman. Fraser’s work also included over 30 movie scripts including “The Three Musketeers" (1973).
    (AP, 1/3/08)(WSJ, 1/17/08, p.D7)(Econ, 1/12/08, p.78)

2008        Feb 18, Alain Robbe-Grillet (85), avant-garde French author, died. He dispensed with conventional storytelling as a pioneer of the postwar "new novel" movement.
    (AP, 2/18/08)

2008        Mar 19, Arthur C. Clarke (b.1917), English-born science fiction writer, died in Sri Lanka. Clarke wrote or collaborated on close to 100 books and had moved to Sri Lanka in 1956. He had just finished his last novel, co-authored with Frederik Pohl, titled “The Last Theorem."
    (AP, 3/19/08)(SFC, 3/19/08, p.A2)(SSFC, 8/10/08, Books p.7)

2008        Mar 24, Rafael Azcona (b.1926), Spanish novelist and scriptwriter, died. He was known for films such as the Oscar-winning comedy "Belle Epoque" and Luis Garcia Berlanga's "The Executioner."
    (AP, 5/21/08)(http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rafael_Azcona)

2008        May 12, Oakley Hall (b.1920), prolific author and writing teacher, died in Nevada City. His books included “Warlock" (1958) and “The Art and Craft of Novel Writing" (1994).
    (SFC, 5/14/08, p.A1)

2008        Jul 10, Salman Rushdie's novel "Midnight's Children" was named as the greatest Booker Prize winner ever, scooping a special "best of the best" award for the second time.
    (AP, 7/10/08)

2008        Aug 3, Alexander Solzhenitsyn (b.1918), Russian Nobel literature laureate (1970), died of heart failure in his Moscow home. His books, which included “One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich" (1962) and "Gulag Archipelago" (1973), chronicled the horrors of dictator Josef Stalin's slave labor camps. In 1974, he was stripped of his citizenship and put on a plane to West Germany for refusing to keep silent about his country's past.
    (Reuters, 8/4/08)(WSJ, 8/9/08, p.W12)

2008        Aug 17, Dave Freeman (47), co-author of "100 Things to Do Before You Die" (1999), a travel guide and ode to odd adventures that inspired readers and imitators, died after hitting his head in a fall at his home in Venice, Ca.
    (AP, 8/26/08)

2008        Sep 12, David Foster Wallace (b.1962), the author best known for his 1996 novel "Infinite Jest," was found dead in his home in Claremont, Ca. In 2012 D.T. Max authored “Every Love Story Is a Ghost Story: A Life of David Foster Wallace."
    (AP, 9/13/08)(SSFC, 9/14/08, p.B7)(SSFC, 9/2/12, p.F1)

2008        Sep 16, James Crumley (1939), American novelist, died in Missoula, Montana. His books included “The Last Good Kiss" (1978). The opening line of that book has been widely called the best in crime fiction.
    (SFC, 9/20/08, p.B5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Crumley)

2008        Oct 9, The Swedish Academy announced French novelist Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clezio (b.1940)) as the 2008 Nobel Prize in literature for his poetic adventure and "sensual ecstasy." Le Clezio made his breakthrough as a novelist with "Desert," in 1980.
    (AP, 10/9/08)

2008        Oct 14, Indian author Aravind Adiga (b.1974) won the 2008 Booker Prize with his first novel: “The White Tiger." The book follows Balram Halwai, the son of a rickshaw puller, who dreams of better things than life as teashop worker and driver.
    (AFP, 10/15/08)

2008        Oct 26, Tony Hillerman (b.1925), author of the acclaimed Navajo Tribal Police mystery novels and creator of two of the unlikeliest of literary heroes — Navajo police officers Joe Leaphorn and Jim Chee — died of pulmonary failure.
    (AP, 10/27/08)

2008        Oct 31, Studs Terkel (b.1912), Chicago radio personality and writer, died. His books included “The Good War," which won a Pulitzer Prize in 1984.
    (SFC, 11/1/08, p.A2)

2008        Nov 4, Michael Crichton (b.1942), doctor turned author and film director, died in LA. His books included “The Andromeda Strain" (1969), “The Great Train Robbery" (1975) and “Jurassic Park" (1990), all of which were made into popular films. He also created the TV series ER in 1994.
    (SFC, 11/6/08, p.A4)

2008        Nov 10, Afghan writer Atiq Rahimi won France's top book prize, the Goncourt, for a novel penned in French, "Syngue Sabour", or Stone of Patience.
    (AFP, 11/10/08)

2008        Nov 18, George C. Chesbro, US writer, died. His 27 novels included a detective series featuring Mongo, a dwarf detective. “Shadow of a Broken Man" (1977) starred Mongo and proved to be Chesbro’s breakout hit.
    (SFC, 11/27/08, p.B8)

2008        Nov 27, In Spain novelist Juan Marse (75), known for his descriptions of hardship in Catalonia during the Spanish civil war (1936-1939), won the Cervantes Prize, the Spanish speaking world’s highest literary prize.
    (SFC, 11/28/08, p.E10)

2008        Dec 18, Conor Cruise O’Brien (89), Irish diplomat and man of letters, died. His books included “To Katanga and Back" (1962) and “Religion and Politics"
    (1984).
    (SSFC, 12/21/08, p.B6)

2008        Dec 24, Harold Pinter (78), a Nobel Prize-winning British playwright, died. He was one of theater's biggest names for nearly half a century. His 32 plays included "The Birthday Party", "The Dumb Waiter" and "The Homecoming". His first play, "The Room," appeared in 1957 and his breakthrough came with "The Caretaker" in 1960. In 2010 Antonia Fraser published “Must You Go? My Life With Harold Pinter."
    (AFP, 12/25/08)(SSFC, 11/7/10, p.F4)

2008        Dec 30, Paul Hofmann (96), Austria-born writer, died in Rome. During WWII he informed on his Nazi commanders in occupied Rome and later became a New York Times correspondent. Hofmann authored over a dozen books, including "That Fine Italian Hand," "The Seasons of Rome: A Journal" and "O Vatican! A Slightly Wicked View of the Holy See."
    (AP, 1/1/09)

2008        Suzanne Collins authored “The Hunger Games," the first book of a trilogy. The sequels were titled “Catching Fire" (2009) and “Mockingjay" (2010). A film followed in 2012 based on the first book.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Hunger_Games)
2008        Patrick French authored “The World Is What It Is: The Authorized Biography of V. S. Naipaul." V.S, Naipaul (b.1932), English novelist  born in Chaguana, Trinidad, won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2001.
    (SFC, 10/12/01, p.C1)(WSJ, 11/7/08, p.W10)
2008        Jonah Goldberg authored “Liberal Fascism: The Secret History of the American Left from Mussolini to the Politics of Meaning."
    (WSJ, 1/4/08, p.W5)
2008        Jay Parini authored “Promised Land: Thirteen Books That Changed America."
    (WSJ, 11/8/08, p.W8)
2008        Slavoj Zizek, Slovenian writer, authored “Violence." It was a smaller offspring of his larger book “In Defense of Lost Causes," also published this year.
    (SSFC, 9/28/08, Books p.7)

2009        Jan 11,  Arne Naess (b.1912), Norwegian philosopher, writer and mountaineer, died. He was best known for launching the concept of "deep ecology," promoting the idea that Earth as a planet has as much right as its inhabitants, such as humans, to survive and flourish.
    (AP, 1/13/09)

2009        Jan 16, John Mortimer (b.1923), British lawyer and writer, died. He was the creator of the curmudgeonly criminal lawyer Rumpole of the Bailey.
    (AP, 1/16/09)

2009        Jan 19, In Thailand Harry Nicolaides (41), an Australian writer, was sentenced to three years in prison for insulting Thailand's royal family in his novel, a rare conviction of a foreigner amid a crackdown on people and Web sites deemed critical of the monarchy. Bangkok's Criminal Court sentenced Nicolaides to six years behind bars but reduced the term because he had entered a guilty plea. His 2005 book “Verisimilitude" had sold 7 copies.
    (AP, 1/19/09)(SFC, 1/20/09, p.A3)

2009        Jan 27, John Updike (b.1932), American writer and poet, died of lung cancer. He released more than 60 books, including 28 novels, in a career that started in the 1950s, winning virtually every literary prize. In 2014 Adam Begley authored “Updike."
    (AP, 1/28/09)(Econ, 1/31/09, p.89)(SSFC, 4/13/14, p.F3)

2009        Feb 17, Sudanese writer Tayeb Salih (b.1929), one of the most respected Arab novelists of the 20th century, died in London where he spent most of his life. His books included the classic "Season of Migration to the North" (1966) about a Sudanese man's experiences of life and love in Britain in the 1960s.
    (AFP, 2/18/09)

2009        Feb 20, Christopher Nolan (43), an Irish poet and novelist, died in Dublin. He had refused to let cerebral palsy get in the way of his writing. Using a "unicorn stick" strapped to his forehead to tap the keys of a typewriter, Nolan laboriously wrote out messages and, eventually, poems and books as well. His autobiography, "Under the Eye of the Clock: The Life Story of Christopher Nolan," won the prestigious Whitbread Award in 1988.
    (AP, 2/22/09)(Econ, 2/28/09, p.91)

2009        Apr 11, Corin Tellado (81), a well-known Spanish author of more than 4,000 romance novels, died while celebrating the Easter holidays with her family.
    (AP, 4/11/09)

2009        Apr 14, French author Maurice Druon (b.1918), a fighter for France's World War II Resistance movement and writer of one of its anthems, died. After the conflict he wrote historical novels including the "Rois Maudits" (Accursed Kings) series.
    (AP, 4/15/09)

2009        Apr 19, Author J.G. Ballard (b.1930), a China-born author and survivor of a Japanese prison camp, died in London. His vision was so dark and distinctive it was labeled "Ballardian." His first novel, "The Wind From Nowhere" (1962) sold well enough for Ballard to become a full-time writer. Other works included the novels "The Drowned World" and "The Crystal World" and the story collection "Vermilion Sands." He reached a wide audience with the autobiographical "Empire of the Sun" (1984), adapted as a film (1987) by Steven Spielberg.
    (AP, 4/20/09)(WSJ, 4/25/09, p.W12)

2009        May 17, Mario Benedetti (b.1920), a prolific Uruguayan writer, died. His novels and poems reflect the idiosyncrasies of Montevideo's middle class and a social commitment forged by years in exile from a military dictatorship. Benedetti's 1960 novel "The Truce" was translated into 19 languages and along with "Thank You for the Fire" (1965), heralded his inclusion in the Latin American literary boom in the 1960s. In 1973 he joined thousands of other Uruguayans fleeing the nation's military dictatorship, spending 12 years in exile in Havana, Madrid, Lima and Buenos Aires.
    (AP, 5/17/09)

2009        May 25, Israeli writer Amos Elon (82), one of the country's leading chroniclers and critics, died in his adopted home of Italy. His best-known book, "The Israelis: Founders and Sons" (1971), stood out as one of the first works by an Israeli to deal with the national aspirations of the Palestinians.
    (AP, 5/26/09)

2009        May 27, Alice Munro (77), Canadian short writer, won the Man Booker international prize.
    (Econ, 5/30/09, p.86)

2009        Jul 6, Vasily Aksyonov (b.1932), Russian novelist and Soviet dissident, died in Moscow. He was forced into exile in 1980 after being branded as “anti-Soviet" and lived in the US for over two decades. His over 20 novels included “The Moscow Saga" (1994), which was adopted for a popular TV series in 2004.
    (SFC, 7/8/09, p.D5)

2009        Jul 19,     Frank McCourt (78), former NYC teacher and Irish-born author, died of cancer. He won a Pulitzer Prize for his memoir “Angela’s Ashes" (1996).
    (SFC, 7/20/09, p.C5)

2009        Jul 23, E. Lynn Harris (b.1955), pioneer of gay black fiction, died while promoting his latest book in Los Angeles. Long before the secret world of closeted black gay men came to light in America, Harris introduced a generation of black women to the phenomenon known as the "down low." His debut "Invisible Life" (1994) was a coming-of-age story that dealt with the then-taboo topic.
    (AP, 7/24/09)

2009        Aug 5, Amos Kenan (b.1927), Israeli artist and writer, died in Tel Aviv. As a member of Israel's founding generation his writing and art helped define modern Israeli culture. Kenan was party to several efforts to create an alliance with the Palestinians. He helped pen a 1957 manifesto calling for the creation of a Palestinian state in federation with Israel at a time when few Israelis acknowledged the Palestinians' existence as a national group.
    (AP, 8/5/09)

2009        Aug 26, Dominick Dunne (b.1925), novelist and Vanity Fair columnist, died. His books included “The Two Mrs. Grenvilles" (1985), based on the 1955 Woodward murder case.
    (SFC, 8/27/09, p.A9)

2009        Sep 5, Keith Waterhouse (80) a prolific British author, journalist and playwright, died. Waterhouse was best known for the 1959 novel Billy Liar -- the story of a day-dreamer who plans his escape from a depressing job as an undertaker. It was made into a film in 1963.
    (AFP, 9/5/09)

2009        Oct 6, Hilary Mantel won the 2009 Man Booker Prize for her historical novel “Wolf Hall." It covered the period Henry VIII’s divorce from Catherine of Aragon and marriage to Anne Boleyn. A sequel, “Bring Up the Bodies," was published in 2012.
    (Econ, 10/10/09, p.89)(www.themanbookerprize.com/news/stories/1291)(Econ, 5/5/12, p.81)

2009        Oct 9, Jacques Chessex (b.1934), one of French-speaking Switzerland's leading novelists and the first non-Frenchman to receive the prestigious Prix Goncourt, died. He was honored in 1973 with the Prix Goncourt literary award for his novel "L'ogre" ("The Ogre"), a largely autobiographical account of a difficult father-son relationship.
    (AP, 10/10/09)

2009        Nov 2, French-born writer Marie Ndiaye (b.1967) won France's top literary prize for "Three Strong Women," her moving tale of the struggles of women in Europe and Africa. She was born in Pithiviers, to a French mother and a Senegalese father and currently lived in Berlin.
    (AP, 11/2/09)

2009        Nov 3, Claude Levi-Strauss (b.1908), Brussels-born French intellectual, died. He was widely considered the father of modern anthropology for work that included theories about commonalities between tribal and industrial societies. His books included literary and anthropological classics such as "Tristes Tropiques" (1955), "The Savage Mind" (1963) and "The Raw and the Cooked" (1964).
    (AP, 11/3/09)(Econ, 11/14/09, p.106)
2009        Nov 3, Francisco Ayala (103), Spanish novelist and sociologist, died in Madrid. He was one of Spain's leading scholars and had gone into exile during the country's decades of dictatorship. Ayala published his first book, "Tragicomedia de un hombre sin espiritu" (Tragicomedy of a Man Without Spirit), in 1925. The collapse of moral order and the hopelessness of human relations are also common themes in pessimistic and satirical novels such as "Muertes de Perro" (Death as a Way of Life) and "El Jardin de Las Delicias" (Garden of Delights).
    (AP, 11/3/09)

2009        Nov 15, Dr. Brooke Magnanti (34), who works for The Bristol Initiative for Research of Child Health, revealed herself to be the woman behind the nom de plume "Belle de Jour," which is the title of a 1967 French film starring Catherine Deneuve. Magnanti kept a weblog of her antics in 2003-2004, which were turned into a best-selling book, "The Intimate Adventures of a London Call Girl." Her memoirs were adapted into a hit 16-episode television series "Secret Diary of a Call Girl," which starred Billie Piper and was screened in countries around the world.
    (AFP, 11/16/09)

2009        Nov 18, In NYC the 60th annual Book Awards honored Gore Vidal with its lifetime achievement award. David Eggers won the Literarian Award. Colum McCann won the fiction prize for his novel “Let the Great world Spin." T.J. Styles won the nonfiction award for “The First Tycoon: The Epic Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt."
    (SFC, 11/20/09, p.F8)

2009        Yusef Zeidan, Egyptian writer, won the Arabic Booker Prize for his novel “Azazil" (2008). It centered on a fifth-century debate between Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople, and Cyril, Patriarch of Alexandria, over various arcane ecclesiastical and theological issues.
    (Econ, 5/15/10, p.54)
2009        In Japan the first two volumes of “IQ84," a novel by Haruki Murakami, were published and a million copies were sold in a few weeks. English translations became available in 2011.
    (Econ, 11/19/11, p.95)
2009        In the Netherlands actor and comedian Herman Koch authored his novel “The Dinner." It went on to sell over 1 million copies in 24 countries and in 2012 became available in English.
    (Econ, 8/11/12, p.72)
2009        Karl Ove Knausgard (b.1968), Norwegian writer, authored the first of his 6-volume autobiographical work: “My Struggle" (Min Kamp).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Ove_Knausg%C3%A5rd)(Econ, 2/2/13, SR p.14)
2009        Turkish novelist Orhan Pamuk, 2006 Nobel literature prize winner, authored his 8th novel: “The Museum of Innocence.
    (AP, 10/12/06)

2010        Jan 4, Irish writer Colm Toibin was named novelist of the year in Britain's lucrative Costa Book Awards for his emigrant saga "Brooklyn."
    (AP, 1/4/10)

2010        Jan 12, Kenn Allan Davis (78), newspaper illustrator and mystery novel writer, died at his home in Placer County, Ca. His 8 detective novels featured Carver Bascombe, an African American private eye. The first in the series was titled “The Dark Side" (1976), co-written with John Stanley.
    (SFC, 1/19/10, p.C3)

2010        Jan 17, Erich Segal (b.1937), former Yale professor and author of “Love Story" (1970), died at his home in London.
    (SFC, 1/20/10, p.C7)

2010        Jan 18, Robert B. Parker (77), crime novelist and author of the popular Spencer novels, died in Cambridge, Mass. Parker reinvigorated the detective novel genre with “The Godwulf Manuscript" (1973).
    (SSFC, 1/24/10, p.F6)(SFC, 5/14/10, p.F6)

2010        Jan 27, J.D. Salinger (b.1919), author of “Cather in the Rye" (1951), died at his home in Cornish, New Hampshire. In 2013 David Shields and Shane Salerno authored “Salinger," a biography.
    (SFC, 1/29/10, p.A1)(SSFC, 9/8/13, p.F1)

2010        Jan 31, In Argentina Tomas Eloy Martinez (75), author and journalist famed for his writings about former President Juan Domingo Peron and his glamorous wife Eva, died.
    (AP, 1/31/10)

2010        Feb 14, British author Dick Francis (b.1920), a former jockey whose thrillers rode high in best-selling lists for decades, died at his Caribbean home in Grand Cayman. His first book was a 1957 autobiography titled “The sport of Queens." His first novel, “Dead Cert," came out in 1962 and was followed by 41 more.
    (AFP, 2/14/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Francis)(SFC, 2/15/10, p.C3)

2010        Apr, Amanda Hocking (b.1984) of Minnesota began selling her “Trylle" vampire-romances as e-books. By March, 2011, she had sold over a million copies of her nine books and earned two million dollars from sales, previously unheard of for self-published authors.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amanda_Hocking)

2010        May 25, In Washington state James Fogle was arrested for armed robbery at a pharmacy in Redmond. The 1989 film "Drug Store Cowboy" was based on a book by Fogle written while serving time in prison.
    (SFC, 5/27/10, p.A8)

2010        Jun 18, Jose Saramago (b.1922), 1998 Nobel-winning Portuguese writer, died at his home in the Canary Islands. He had moved there following a 1992 spat with the government, which he accused of censorship.
    (SFC, 6/19/10, p.C6)

2010        Jul 2, Dame Beryl Bainbridge, English novelist, died. Her 18 novels included “Injury Time," for which she won the Whitbread Prize in 1977.
    (Econ, 7/17/10, p.90)

2010        Aug 13, Geral Rosen (71), American novelist, died in SF. His 7 books included “Blues for a Dying Nation" (1972) and his autobiography “Cold Eye, Warm Heart" (2009).
    (SFC, 8/25/10, p.C8)

2010        James Ellroy (b.1948), American crime novelist, authored “The Hilliker Curse: My Pursuit of Women." It was a sort of companion piece to “My Dark Places," a 1996 account of his obsessive search for his mother’s killer (1958).
    (SSFC, 9/12/10, p.F1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Ellroy)
2010        Canadian first-time novelist Johanna Skibsrud, author of "The Sentimentalists," was a surprise winner of the C$50,000 Scotiabank Giller Prize. Nova Scotia-based specialty publisher Gaspereau Press could produce only 1,000 copies a week of the finely bound book, using an old-fashioned press.
    (Reuters, 11/11/10)

2011        Jan 17, John Ross (72), US poet, author, journalist and political activist who lived in Mexico and wrote extensively on its leftist political movements, died of liver cancer. His books included "Rebellion from the Roots: Zapatista Uprising in Chiapas." 
    (AP, 1/18/11)

2011        Jan 10, John Gross (b.1935) English literary critic, author, and anthologist, died. His work included the book: “The Rise and Fall of the Man of Letters" (1969).
    (Econ, 1/29/11, p.85)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Gross)

2011        Feb 22, Ion Hobana (80), Romania's best-known science fiction writer, died in Bucharest. His works were translated abroad has died. His last book, a history of French science fiction before 1900, was published in November.
    (AP, 2/23/11)

2011        Feb 18, SF-based novelist Victor Martinez (56), died of cancer. His book “Parrot in the Over: Mi Vida" was awarded the 1996 National Book Award for Young People’s Literature.
    (SFC, 3/4/11, p.C5)

2011        Mar 14, The 4th $50 thousand International Prize for Arabic Fiction was split between Mohammed Achaari of Morocco, author of “The Arch and the Butterfly," and Raja Alem of Saudi Arabia, author of “The Dove’s Necklace." Alem was the first women winner.
    (Econ, 3/26/11, p.95)

2011        Apr 30, Argentine writer Ernesto Sabato (b.1911), who led the government's probe of crimes committed by Argentina's dictatorship, died. His books included "One and the Universe" (1945), his first novel "The Tunnel" (1948), and "The Angel of Darkness" (1974).     
    (AP, 4/30/11)

2011        Jun 2, In London Nobel-winning writer V.S. Naipaul (78) faced criticism for saying he does not regard any female authors as his equal, even famed novelist Jane Austen, because they are "sentimental."
    (AFP, 6/2/11)

2011        Jul 5, Theodore Roszak (b.1933), American writer, died in Berkeley, Ca. His books included “The making of a Counter-Culture" (1969) and “Where the Wasteland Ends" (1972).
    (SFC, 7/13/11, p.C4)

2011        Sep 29, In the Netherlands author Hella Haasse (93), an award-winning author best known for chronicling colonial life in the Dutch East Indies, died. Haasse's first novel, "Oeroeg" (1948), was an instant hit and has been read at school by generations of Dutch children.
    (AP, 9/30/11)

2011        Oct 16, Internationally acclaimed Algerian author Boualem Sansal (62) received the annual German Book Trade Peace Prize and said that people everywhere were rising up against dictatorship.
    (AFP, 10/16/11)

2011        Oct 18, British writer Julian Barnes (65) won the Booker Prize for fiction for his novel “The Sense of an Ending, a novel about youth and memory.
    (SFC, 10/19/11, p.E4)(Econ, 4/6/13, p.97)

2011        Dec 1, Christa Wolf (b.1929), East German writer, died. Her first novel “Divided Heaven" (1963) was translated to English in 2013 under the title “They Divided the Sky." Her last novel “City of Angels" was also translated into English in 2013. In 1993 Wolf was revealed to have been an informer for the Stasi, East Germany’s secret police.
    (Econ, 7/13/13, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christa_Wolf)

2011        Dec 15, Christopher Hitchens (62), the author, writer and Vanity Fair contributing editor, died in Houston. He had been battling esophageal cancer since early 2010. His final essays, under the title: “Mortality," were published in 2012.
    (AP, 12/15/11)(SSFC, 9/9/12, p.F3)

2012        Jan 3, In Canada Czech emigre writer Josef Skvorecky (87) died in Toronto. He had published the works of former President Vaclav Havel and other authors persecuted by the communist government at home. His first novel was "The Cowards," written in 1948-1949, describing the atmosphere of Skvorecky's native Czech town of Nachod during the 1945 liberation from Nazism. It was only published in 1958 and then confiscated and banned. It was later translated into more than 20 languages.
    (Reuters, 1/3/12)

2012        Mar 15, South Korean author Kyung-sook Shin won Asia's most prestigious prize for literature for her novel "Please Look After Mom," about a family's guilty soul-searching after the disappearance of their elderly mother.
    (AFP, 3/15/12)

2012        May 8, Maurice Sendak (83), renowned children's author, died in Connecticut. His books captivated generations of kids and simultaneously scared their parents. Sendak wrote and illustrated more than 50 children's books, including "Where the Wild Things Are," his most famous, published in 1963. Sendak left instructions that his home in Ridgefield become a museum for his more than 10,000 illustrations.
    (www.nytimes.com/2012/05/09/books/maurice-sendak-childrens-author-dies-at-83.html)(SFC, 9/15/14, p.A6)

2012        May 15, Henry Denker (99), American novelist and playwright, died at his home in NYC. He authored over 30 novels. From 1947 to 1956 he wrote, directed and produced “the Greatest Story Ever Told," a radio drama for which he won a Peabody Award.
    (SFC, 5/24/12, p.C5)
2012        May 15, Mexican novelist Carlos Fuentes (b.1928) died in Mexico City. His books included “The Old Gringo" (1985) and “The Death of Artemio Cruz" (1962).
    (SFC, 5/16/12, p.C4)

2012        May 23, Paul Fussell (1924-2012), American writer and warrior against war, died. His books included “BAD Or, The Dumbing of America" (1991).
    (Econ, 6/9/12, p.98)

2012        Jun 5, Ray Bradbury (91), author of Fahrenheit 451, The Martian Chronicles, and other beloved science fiction novels, died.
    (AP, 6/6/12)

2012        Jun 26, US writer, film director and producer Nora Ephron (b.1941) died at a hospital in New York. Her 1983 novel “Heartburn" was modeled on her marriage to former Washington Post journalist Carl Bernstein. She wrote the screenplays for the film “Silkwood" (1983) and “When Harry Met Sally" (1989).
    (SFC, 6/27/12, p.C5)(Econ, 7/7/12, p.86)

2012        Jul 16, Stephen R. Covey (79), Utah-based motivational speaker and author of the best-selling "Seven Habits of Highly Effective People: Restoring the Character Ethic" (1989), died in Idaho Falls.
    (AP, 7/16/12)

2012        Jul 20, Alexander Cockburn (b.1941), Scotland-born radical leftist writer, died in Germany. His books included “Corruptions of Empire" (1988).
    (SSFC, 7/22/12, p.C11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Cockburn)

2012        Jul 31, Gore Vidal (b.1925), American author, screenwriter and playwright, died at his home in Hollywood Hills. His novels included “Lincoln" (1984) and “Myra Breckenridge" (1968).
    (SFC, 8/1/12, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gore_Vidal)

2012        Aug 23, James Fogle, author of “Drugstore Cowboy," died in prison in Washington state. His autobiographical crime novel led to a 1989 film starring Matt Dillon.
    (SFC, 8/25/12, p.A5)

2012        Oct 11, Guan Moye (b.1955), aka Mo Yan, became the first Chinese writer to win the literature Nobel Prize. He is best known in the West for "Red Sorghum", which portrays the hardships endured by farmers in the early years of communist rule and was made in a film directed by Zhang Yimou.
    (AP, 10/12/12)(Econ, 10/20/12, p.42)

2012        Oct 16, British writer Hilary Mantel won the Booker literary prize for a 2nd time with her Tudor saga “Bring Up the Bodies," the 2nd of a planned trilogy about Thomas Cromwell. Her first part of the trilogy, “Wolf Hall," won in 2009.
    (SFC, 10/17/12, p.A2)

2012        Oct 30, Will Ferguson, humorist, travel writer and novelist, won Canada's most prestigious and lucrative literary prize. He had penned “419," a fictional tale about the inner workings of Nigerian email scams.
    (Reuters, 10/31/12)

2012        Nov 22, The body of Syrian novelist Mohammed Rashid Roweily (65) was found in the eastern city of Deir el-Zour, nearly two months after he was kidnapped. His decomposed body was found along with four other bodies, including that of a retired army officer. All were kidnapped around the same time.
    (AP, 11/23/12)

2012        Finnish writer Sofi Oksanen (b.1977) authored “When the Doves Disappeared." It was set in Estonia as the country was caught between Stalin’s hammer and Hitler’s anvil. In 2015 it was translated to English by Lola Rogers.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sofi_Oksanen)(Econ, 5/2/15, p.74)

2013        Jan 7, Richard Ben Cramer (b.1950), Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, died in Baltimore. His narrative non-fiction spanned presidential politics and baseball.
    (SFC, 1/9/13, p.A4)

2013        Feb 10, Acclaimed Spanish writer Antonio Munoz Molina said he will accept the prestigious Jerusalem Prize, an Israeli award given to authors, despite calls from pro-Palestinian activists to boycott the Jewish state.
    (AP, 2/10/13)

2013        Mar 20, James Herbert (69), best-selling British horror writer, died at his home in Sussex. His 23 novels included "The Rats" (1974).
    (Reuters, 3/20/13)

2013        Mar 21, Nigerian author Chinua Achebe (82) died. His novels included “Things Fall Apart" (1958). “Until the lions have their own historians, the history of the hunt will always glorify the hunter."
    (AP, 3/22/13)(Econ, 3/30/13, p.90)

2013        Apr 3, Ruth Jhabvala (85), novelist and screenwriter, died at her home in Manhattan. Her work included 19 novels and short-story collections and two Oscars for her work on the films “A Room With a View" and “Howard’s End." Her novel “Heat and Dust" (1975) won Britain’s Booker Prize (1975).
    (SFC, 4/4/13, p.D5)(Econ, 4/13/13, p.94)

2013        May 29, Rev. Andrew Greeley (b.1928), Chicago newspaper columnist and novelist, died in Chicago. His work included over 100 non-fiction books and some 50 novels, which included a series of about a bishop-detective, Blackie Ryan.
    (SFC, 5/31/13, p.D7)(Econ, 6/8/13, p.94)

2013        Jun 6, British comic novelist Tom Sharpe (85), known for his "Wilt" series about a harassed and hen-pecked university lecturer, died in Spain. His first novel, "Riotous Assembly" (1971), lampoons South Africa's apartheid system and the police.
    (AP, 6/6/13)

2013        Jun 25, Richard Matheson, American sci-fi and fantasy writer, died in Los Angeles. His 1954 vampire novel “I Am Legend" inspired three different film adaptations: “The Last man on Earth" (1964), “The Omega Man" (1971), and “I Am Legend" (2007).
    (SFC, 6/26/13, p.E5)

2013        Aug 20, Elmore Leonard (b.1925), a former adman who later became one of America's foremost crime writers, died in Bloomfield Hills, Mi. His over 40 novels included "Out of Sight," ''Get Shorty" and "Be Cool," which were made into films.
    (AP, 8/20/13)(SFC, 8/21/13, p.D7)

2013        Oct 2, Tom Clancy (b.1947), best-selling author of military thrillers, died in Baltimore. His career took off with the publication of “The Hunt for Red October" (1985).
    (SFC, 10/3/13, p.D5)

2013        Oct 10, Short story master Alice Munro (82), who captures the everyday lives and epiphanies of men and women in rural Canada with elegant and precise prose, won the Nobel Prize in literature.
    (AP, 10/10/13)(SFC, 10/11/13, p.A3)

2013        Oct 12, Oscar Hijuelos (b.1951), Pulitzer Prize winner (1990), died in Manhattan. His 1989 novel “The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love" became a best seller.
    (SFC, 10/15/13, p.C3)

2013        Oct 15, New Zealand author Eleanor Catton (28) became the youngest winner of the Man Booker Prize for fiction, claiming the award for her novel "The Luminaries."
    (AP, 10/16/13)

2013        Nov 6, Cameroonian author Leonora Miano scooped France's Femina literary prize and used her acceptance speech to denounce racist insults directed at the French justice minister.
    (AFP, 11/7/13)

2013        Nov 17, Doris Lessing (b.1919), the Nobel prize-winning, free-thinking, world-traveling and often-polarizing British author, died. Her work included "The Golden Notebook" (1962) and dozens of other novels that reflected her own improbable journey across the former British empire.
    (AP, 11/17/13)

2013        Nov 19, Mexican journalist and author Elena Poniatowska won the 2013 Cervantes Prize, the Spanish-speaking world's highest literary honor.
    (AP, 11/19/13)

2013        Dec 3, Ida Pollock (b.1908), romance novelist, died in southwest England. Her more than 120 books included some 70 "bodice-rippers" for romance publisher Mills & Boon, the British arm of Harlequin Enterprises.
    (AP, 12/9/13)

2013        Reiner Stach authored “Kafka: The Years of Insight." This was Stach’s 2nd volume in his biography of Franz Kafka (1883-1924).
    (Econ, 7/27/13, p.67)

2014        Jan 2, British author Elizabeth Jane Howard (b.1923) died. She was best known for "The Cazalet Chronicles," which followed the tangled lives and loves of several generations of an aristocratic household in the run-up to World War II.
    (AP, 1/3/14)

2014        Jan 28, Debut author Nathan Filer won Britain's Costa Book Award for his novel "The Shock of the Fall", which draws on his experience as a mental health nurse.
    (AFP, 1/28/14)

2014        Apr 5, Peter Matthiessen (b.1927), a co-founder of the Paris Review (1953) and two-time winner of the National Book Award, died at a hospital on Long Island. His books included “The Snow Leopard" (1978) and “Shadow Country" (2008).
    (SSFC, 4/6/14, p.A18)

2014        Apr 10, British author Sue Townsend (68) died. Her books about awkward teenage diarist Adrian Mole sold tens of millions of copies worldwide.
    (AP, 4/11/14)

2014        Apr 17, Gabriel Garcia Marquez (b.1927), Colombian author, died in Mexico City. His beguiling stories of love and longing brought Latin America to life for millions of readers and put magical realism on the literary map. His "One Hundred Years of Solitude," a dream-like, dynastic epic helped him win the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982.
    (Reuters, 4/18/14)

2014        Apr 25, German-Jewish writer Stefanie Zweig (81), best known for her autobiographical novel "Nowhere in Africa" (1995), died. The book retold the story of her family's time in Kenya. A movie adaptation won an Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film in 2003.
    (AP, 4/27/14)

2014        May 6, Farley Mowat (b.1921), Canadian author, died. His 40 books included “Never Cry Wolf" (1963). His experience observing wolves in sub-Arctic Canada" was adapted into a film of the same name in 1983.
    (SFC, 5/9/14, p.D7)

2014        May 28 Maya Angelou (b.1928), American poet, writer and civil rights activist, died at her home in Winston-Salem, NC. Her 1969 memoir “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings" was the first of her seven memoirs.
    (SFC, 5/29/14, p.A11)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.98)

2014        Jun 25, In Spain award-winning author Ana Maria Matute (88), best known for her books set during the Spanish Civil War, died.
    (AP, 6/25/14)

2014        Jun 30, Frank Robinson (b.1926), LGBT advocate and novelist, died in San Francisco. “The Glass Inferno," which he co-wrote with Thomas Scortia, was one of two books adapted into the film “The Towering Inferno" (1974).
    (SFC, 7/4/14, p.D1)

2014        Jul 10, Curt Gentry (b.1931), San Francisco-based authored, died. His books included “The Madams of San Francisco" (1964) and “Helter Skelter: The True Story of the Manson Murders" (1991).
    {SF, USA, Writer}
    (SSFC, 7/20/14, p.C8)

2014        Jul 13, American novelist Thomas Berger (b.1924), author of “Little Big Man" (1964), died in New York. He authored over 20 books and three were turned into movies: “Little Big Man" (1970), “Neighbors" (1981) and “Meeting Evil" (2012).
    (SFC, 7/25/14, p.D5)
2014        Jul 13, In South Africa Nadine Gordimer (90), a Nobel literature laureate (1991) and anti-apartheid activist, died at home in Johannesburg. Her work included 15 novels and volumes of short stories that explored the complex of relationships and racial conflict in apartheid-era South Africa.
    (AFP, 7/14/14)(SFC, 7/15/14, p.A3)(Econ, 7/19/14,p.78)

2014        Jul 25, Bel Kaufman (103), author of “Up the Down Staircase" (1965), died at her home in Manhattan. She was the granddaughter of Yiddish writer Sholem Aleichem.
    (SFC, 7/26/14, p.C3)

2014        Sep 20, J. California Cooper (82), author and playwright, died in Seattle. Her 1991 novel “Family" told a multigenerational story that began with a woman born as a slave. Her 1978 play “Stranger" earned her the Black Playwright of the Year award.
    (SFC, 9/25/14, p.D5)

2014        Oct 9, Patrick Modiano (69) of France won the 2014 Nobel Prize in literature. He has made a lifelong study of the Nazi occupation and its effects on his country. Modiano's novel "Missing Person" won the prestigious Prix Goncourt in 1978 and is among the more than 40 of his works published in French.
    (AP, 10/9/14)

2014        Oct 15, Australian literature-lovers cheered after Richard Flanagan won the prestigious Booker Prize with a visceral story of wartime brutality and its aftermath. Flanagan drew on his father's experiences as a World War II prisoner of the Japanese for "The Narrow Road to the Deep North," which centers on the Burma Death Railway.
    (AP, 10/15/14)

2014        Nov 24, Popular Spanish author Juan Goytisolo (83) won the 2014 Cervantes Prize, the Spanish-speaking world's highest literary honor. His works include "Marks of Identity", "Count Julian" and "Juan the Landless".
    (AP, 11/24/14)

2014        Nov 27, British detective writer P. D. James (b.1920) died at home in Oxford. She created the best-selling series featuring poetry-writing sleuth Adam Dalgliesh. Her first novel, "Cover Her Face," was published in 1962.
    (AFP, 11/27/14)

2014        Nov 30, Colorado-based author Kent Haruf (71) died. He wrote "Plainsong" and several other novels set in small-town Colorado.
    (AP, 12/1/14)

2014        Dec 3, Psychotherapist and writer Nathaniel Brandon (84), former devotee and lover of Ayn Rand, died at his home in Los Angeles. 
    (SFC, 12/10/14, p.E8)

2014        Dec 10, Ralph Giordano (b.1923), a German writer and Holocaust survivor who spoke out against anti-Semitism and the far right, and later became a prominent critic of Germany's failure to integrate Muslim immigrants, died. Giordano was known for his autobiographical 1982 novel "The Bertinis" and 22 other books.
    (AP, 12/10/14)

2014        Tom Robbins (b.1936) authored “Tibetan peach Pie: A True Account of an Imaginative Life." His earlier work included “Even Cowgirls Get the Blues" (1976).
    (SSFC, 6/22/14, p.F7)

2015        Jan 7, French writer’s Michel Houellebecq “Soumission" (Submission) was published. It depicted a near future in which Islamists win France’s presidency and compromise its freedoms. Houellebecq in 2001 claimed that Islam was “the stupidest religion."
    (Econ, 1/10/15, p.7)
2015        Jan 7, Tadeusz Konwicki (b.1926), a prominent Polish writer and filmmaker. died in Warsaw. His works during the communist era lampooned the authoritarian Soviet-imposed system.  He was best known for his novels "A Minor Apocalypse," a satire of life in a totalitarian state, and "The Polish Complex," a polemic on a national historical condition tragically defined by military defeats and foreign occupation.
    (AP, 1/8/15)

2015        Jan 10, Robert Stone (b.1937), author of “Dog Soldiers" (1974), died at his home in Key West, Fla.
    (SFC, 1/12/15, p.A6)

2015        Jan 12, British author John Bayley (89) died of a heart ailment. His "Elegy for Iris" (1999) chronicled his wife's descent into Alzheimer's Disease and was turned into an Oscar-winning movie starring Judi Dench and Jim Broadbent.
    (AP, 1/22/15)

2015        Jan 29, Australian best-selling author Colleen McCullough (b.1937) died on Norfolk Island after a long illness. Her 25 novels included "The Thorn Birds" (1977), which sold 30 million copies worldwide.
    (AP, 1/29/15)

2015        Feb 3, Martin Gilbert (78), Winston Churchill's official biographer and a leading historian of the Holocaust, died following a lengthy illness. His 80 books included eight on the Holocaust as well as a three-volume "History of the 20th Century."
    (AP, 2/4/15)

2015        Feb 6, South African author, Andre Brink (b.1935), died aboard a KLM flight travelling from the Netherlands to Cape Town. He used his work to question the policies of South Africa's apartheid regime. His 1975 book, "Looking on Darkness," the first of Brink's books distributed to the United States, was banned by the South African government until 1982.
    (AP, 2/7/15)

2015        Feb 28, In Turkey Yasar Kemal (91), one of the country’s best-known novelists with worldwide readership, died. His books included of "Memed, My Hawk" (1955) a story about feudal relations in Turkey's traditional southern regions. Nine of his novels were made into films. Kemal never promoted his Kurdish background. In the mid-1990s he was convicted for an article denouncing racism against minorities in Turkey, especially Kurds.
    (AP, 2/28/15)

2015        Mar 12, British science fiction and fantasy author Terry Pratchett (66) died. His 40 Discworld novels made him Britain’s bestselling author in the 1990s. By 2015 he sold some 85 million books in 37 languages.
    (AFP, 3/12/15)(Econ., 3/28/15, p.94)

2015        Apr 8, Ivan Doig (75), American award-winning author who chronicled the American West, died at his Seattle home. His 16 books, including the memoir “This House of Sky," were set in his native Montana.
    (SFC, 4/10/15, p.D3)

2015        Apr 13, Uruguayan author Eduardo Galeano (74) died in Montevideo. His work included "The Open Veins of Latin America," a classic of leftist literature.
    (AP, 4/13/15)

2015        Apr 13, German author Gunter Grass (b.1927) died in Luebeck. the Nobel-winning writer (1999) achieved worldwide fame with his debut and best-known novel "The Tin Drum" in 1959. In his last interview on March 21 Grass said he feared humanity was "sleepwalking" into a world war.
    (AFP, 4/14/15)(SFC, 4/14/15, p.A5)

2015        May 2, British mystery writer Ruth Rendell (b.1930), crime novelist, died in London. She brought psychological insight and social conscience to the classic British detective story. Her Wexford books were made into a popular TV series, "The Ruth Rendell Mysteries," which ran for more than a decade from 1987. In 1997 she was appointed to the House of Lords by PM Tony Blair's Labour government, becoming Baroness Rendell of Babergh.
    (AP, 5/2/15)

2015        May 2, Writer Michael Blake (69) died in Tucson, Az. His novel "Dances With Wolves" became a major hit movie and earned him an Academy Award for the screenplay.
    (AP, 5/4/15)

2015        May 19, Britain’s Man Booker Int’l. Prize was awarded to Hungarian novelist Laszlo Kraszhnahorkai, shortly after his latest novel “Seiobo There Below" was translated by Ottilie Mulzet.
    (Econ, 5/23/15, p.72)

2015        Jun 10, Acclaimed Cuban novelist Leonardo Padura (59) was awarded Spain's Princess of Asturias award for literature. His 2009 novel, "The Man Who Loved Dogs," was praised by critics internationally.
    (AP, 6/10/15)

2015        Jul 12, Zimbabwean writer Chenjerai Hove (59) died in exiled in Norway. His work largely portrayed the struggles of Zimbabwe's powerless groups. He left Zimbabwe for France in 2001 at the height of Zimbabwe's political tumult, claiming he was in danger. He later relocated to Norway.
    (AP, 7/13/15)

2015        Jul 21, E.L. Doctorow (84), one of America's most accomplished novelists of recent decades, died in New York. He was best known for his historical fiction such as such as "Ragtime" (1975) "Billy Bathgate" (1998) and "The March" (2006).
    (AFP, 7/22/15)

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