Return to home1929 Jan 2,
The United States and Canada reached agreement on joint action to
preserve Niagara Falls.
1929 Jan 2, Evelyn "Bobbi"
Trout (d.2003 at 97) shattered the female pilot endurance record of
8 hours with a flight of 12 hours and 11 minutes.
(SFC, 2/1/03, p.A18)
1929 Jan 3, William S. Paley
(27) became CBS president.
1929 Jan 7, "Tarzan," one of
the 1st adventure comic strips, 1st appeared.
1929 Jan 8, The Dow Jones
Industrials added National Cash Register as a replacement for Victor
(WSJ, 4/8/04, p.C4)
1929 Jan 11, Prohibition agents
in San Francisco seized 1,100 cases of whiskies and 2,000 gallons of
Belgian alcohol worth $90,000 at 1861 16th Ave.
(SFC, 1/9/04, p.E6)
1929 Jan 11, Prohibition agents
in Oakland, Ca., seized 200 gallons of moonshine at a residence at
1942 E. 27th St.
(SFC, 1/9/04, p.E6)
1929 Jan 13, Frontiersman Wyatt
Earp died in LA, Ca., after an illustrious life in the West. Cowboy
stars William S. Hart and Tom Mix served as pallbearers. Born in
Illinois in 1848, he served as a lawman in Wichita and Dodge City,
Kansas, as well as Tombstone, Arizona Territory, where Wyatt and his
brothers Morgan and Virgil were notorious for violent clashes with
outlaws. Western historians have disagreed about the particulars of
Wyatt Earp's life, but he is said to have been a freighter-teamster,
railroad construction worker, policeman, prisoner, saloon keeper and
horse farmer, and he was involved in several gunfights--for reasons
that may or may not have been related to law enforcement. When
Morgan was killed, Wyatt avenged his death by killing Frank
Stilwell, an outlaw he had previously arrested. Wyatt Berry Stapp
Earp died and was buried in Colma, Ca. In 2003 Lee A. Silva authored
Wyatt Earp, A Biography of the Legend, Volume 1, the Cowtown Years."
(HNPD, 1/12/99)(SFEC, 3/14/99, Z1
p.10)(MesWP)(CHA, 1/2001)(AH, 6/03, p.60)
1929 Jan 14, Pres. Calvin
Coolidge issued an executive order declaring Oakland an official
port of entry. This included Oakland, Alameda, Berkeley, Emeryville
and San Leandro and allowed ships to clear without stopping in SF.
(SFC, 1/9/04, p.E6)
1929 Jan 15, "Queen Ida"
Guillory, Zydeco accordionist, was born.
1929 Jan 15, Martin Luther King
Jr. (d1968), American Baptist Minister and Civil Rights leader, was
born in Atlanta, Georgia. He won the Nobel Peace prize in 1964 and
was assassinated in 1968. Dr. King began his involvement in the
civil rights movement in 1955 with his leadership of the Montgomery
bus boycott, which ended segregated seating on city buses. Adopting
Mohandas K. Gandhi's principles of nonviolence, King led
demonstrations, sit-ins and boycotts in cities throughout the South
to show the injustice of racist policies. He explained his belief in
nonviolence in a letter written during one of his many
incarcerations: "Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a
crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has
constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue. It
seeks so to dramatize the issue that it can no longer be
ignored...." King's efforts helped to bring about the passage of the
Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. He was
awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. Dr. King's leadership of the
civil rights movement brought many threats against his life and on
April 4, 1968, he was killed by a sniper's bullet in Memphis,
Tennessee. Martin Luther King Day was established by President
Ronald Reagan in 1986, for the third Monday in January. "Injustice
anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere." "A man can't ride your
back unless it's bent."
(HFA, '96, p.22)(AHD, p.721)(AP, 4/3/97)(AP,
1929 Jan 15, The U.S. Senate
ratified the Kellogg-Briand anti-war pact.
1929 Jan 17, The first Popeye
character appeared in the Thimble Theater cartoon strip by Elzie
Segar (1894-1938) of Chesater, Ill.
1929 Jan 17, In Afghanistan
Habibullah Kalakani (1891-1929), popularly known as "Bache Saqaw,"
became emir after deposing Amanullah Khan, the grandson of
Rahman Khan, with the help of various Afghan tribes who
opposed modernization. Khan had built 5-mile (8-km) track with steam
locomotives running between Kabul and his European-style palace of
Darulaman. But his plans for a wider network met with opposition.
The line fell into disrepair after he was overthrown.
1929 Jan 18, Stalin banned
Trotsky from the Politburo.
1929 Jan 19, Acadia National
Park, Maine, was established.
1929 Jan 19, Liang Qichao
(b.1873), Chinese intellectual, died in Beijing. He inspired Chinese
scholars with his writings and reform movements.
1929 Jan 24, Dr. Ray Lyman
Wilbur, president of Stanford Univ. (1916-1941), accepted the
position of Sec. of the Interior under Pres. Hoover. Wilbur took a
leave of absence to serve.
(SFC, 1/23/04, p.E3)
1929 Jan 25, Members of the New
York Stock Exchange asked for an additional 275 seats.
1929 Jan 26, Jules Feiffer,
cartoonist (Passionella), author (Little Murders), was born in NYC.
1929 Jan 26, San Francisco
police took Frances Orlando (19) to the Bush Police Station because
she was dressed in men's clothing.
(SFC, 1/23/04, p.E3)
1929 Jan 28, Claus Oldenburg,
US pop artist (Alphabet/Good Humor), was born in Stockholm, Sweden.
He worked in Chicago as a newspaper reporter and then went to New
York in 1956. He opened his "Store" in 1961, which was a storefront
stocked with painted plaster replicas of food, clothing, and
inexpensive household goods.
(WSJ, 10/11/95, p. A-12)(MC, 1/28/02)
1929 Jan 29, The first
seeing-eye Dog Guide School in the United States received their
charter. Seeing Eye, Inc., was founded in Morris Township, New
Jersey, by Dorothy Harrison Eustus. In February Morris Frank and
Jack Humphrey began operating the 1st Seeing Eye school in the US in
Nashville, Tenn. Frank had trained under Humphrey in Switzerland at
a kennel owned by Dorothy Eustis. Buddy was Frank's 1st dog and in
1936 became the 1st seeing-eye dog to ride as a passenger on an
American commercial airline.
3/10/01)(www.seeingeye.org/aboutus/?M_ID=472)(ON, 12/03, p.5)
1929 Jan 31, Leon Trotsky was
expelled from Russia to Turkey.
(WSJ, 2/29/96, p. A-14)(MC, 1/31/02)
1929 Jan, The 1,500-seat New
Sequoia Theater opened in Redwood City, Ca. It was built by Ellis
John Arkush and was the first of the Peninsula show houses to be
wired for talking pictures. It featured a Moorish-style interior and
a Gothic exterior. In the 1950s it was redesigned in an Art Deco
style. In 1993 it was listed on the US Registry of Historic Places.
In 1998 it was sold for $2 million.
(Ind, 5/13/00,5A)(SFC, 4/14/01, p.A15)(SFC,
1929 Jan, Anaconda Copper Co.
purchased the Chuquicamata mine in Chile.
(WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R46)
1929 Feb 1, Weightlifter,
Charles Rigoulet of France, achieved the first 400 pound ‘clean and
jerk’ as he lifted 402-1/2 pounds.
(440 Int'l, 2/1/1999)
1929 Feb 6, Germany accepted
1929 Feb 11, The Lateran Treaty
was signed, with Italy recognizing the independence and sovereignty
of Vatican City. The Italian government, under dictator Benito
Mussolini, paid the Vatican $91.7 million for the papal lands it
seized in 1870. The Italian state agreed to supply water but the
disposal of waste was not specified. This became a big issue in
(SFEM, 1/19/96, p.10)(AP, 2/11/97)(WSJ, 12/3/99,
p.A1)(Econ, 7/12/14, p.68)
1929 Feb 12, Charles Lindbergh
announced his engagement to Anne Morrow. The Guggenheims helped
aviators like Lindbergh, Curtiss, and the Wright Brothers. Morrow
was the daughter of Dwight Morrow, US ambassador to Mexico. She
later authored a number of books that included "Gift From the Sea."
(HN, 2/12/97)(WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A26)
1929 Feb 14, In Chicago the
"St. Valentine's Day Massacre" took place in a garage of the Moran
gang as seven rivals of Al Capone's gang were gunned down. Police
found seven men shot to death in a North Chicago garage. With the
exception of one, the men were working under George "Bugs" Moran, a
well-known bootlegger and gangster, and staunch rival of Al
"Scarface" Capone. Members of Capone’s gang lured the victims into
the garage under the guise of selling cheap alcohol. Then two of
Capone’s men, dressed up as police officers, staged a raid.
Believing them to be real, Moran’s outfit turned over its weapons,
turned to face the wall and waited for the arrest. It was at that
point that the hit on Moran’s men took place. Neighbors heard the
gunfire, but assumed the police were involved when Capone’s costumed
officers escorted the gunmen outside and together, they all fled the
(TMC, 1994, p.1929)(AP, 2/14/98)(HNQ, 2/14/02)
1929 Feb 17, Chaim Potok,
novelist (The Chosen, The Promise), was born.
1929 Feb 18, Leonard Cyril
Deighton, English spy author (Ipcress File, Fighter), was born.
(AP, 2/18/01)(MC, 2/18/02)
1929 Feb 19, A medical
diathermy machine was 1st used in Schenectady, NY.
1929 Feb 22, Marni Nixon,
singer (for Audrey Hepburn, Natalie Wood & Deborah Kerr), was
1929 Feb 22, with the influence
of Congressman William Williamson and Senator Peter Norbeck pushing
Congress for approval of the bill and President Coolidge ready to
sign it into law, Public Law 805 was passed and the Mount Rushmore
National Memorial Commission was established.
1929 Feb 23, Regine Crespin,
operatic soprano, was born in Marseilles, France.
1929 Feb 23, Elston Howard,
Yankee catcher (1st black NY Yankee/1963 AL MVP), was born.
1929 Feb 23, Chinese rebels
1929 Feb 26, President Coolidge
signed a measure establishing Grand Teton National Park In Wyoming.
(AP, 2/26/98)(WUD, 1994, p.615)
1929 Feb 27, Briton Hadden
(b.1898) co-founder of Time Magazine with his Yale classmate Henry
Luce, died of a mysterious infection. In 2006 Isaiah Wilner authored
“The Man Time Forgot," a biography of Hadden.
1929 Feb, The state of
Transjordan, created in 1921 under British protection in the
aftermath of the Ottoman Empire's collapse, held its first elections
for a mostly powerless legislative council.
1929 Mar 2, US Congress created
Court of Customs and Patent Appeals.
1929 Mar 2, The San
Mateo-Hayward Bridge, then called the San Francisco Bay Toll-Bridge,
opened. The $7.5 million, 7.1-mile span was for the time the longest
in the world. The initial toll was 45 cents per car with an
additional nickel for each passenger. On hand were Gov. C.C. Young,
SF Mayor James Rolph Jr., and San Mateo Mayor Fred Beer. Pres.
Coolidge pressed a button in the White House that sparked the final
(SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W31)(Ind, 3/30/02, 5A)
1929 Mar 4, Herbert Hoover,
trained in California as an engineer, was inaugurated as the 31st US
President. Engineers in SF asserted: "the engineer dominates the
(SFC, 2/05/04, p.E8)
1929 Mar 4, Charles Curtis
(R-Kansas) became 1st native American Vice President.
1929 Mar 9, Marcel Pagnol's
"Marius," premiered in Paris.
1929 Mar 11, Major Seagrave
broke the auto speed record in Daytona Beach. He reached an average
of 223.2 mph in a 450 horse powered Golden Arrow.
1929 Mar 15, Richter Clyde
Perky dedicated a new tower in Sugarloaf Key, Florida. It was built
to house "malaria-eradicating, guano-producing bats." Unfortunately
no bats ever showed.
(HT, 5/97, p.72)
1929 Mar 17, General Motors
purchased an 80% stake in Opel, a German car manufacturer, for $33.3
million. GM raised the stake to 100% in 1931.
1929 Mar 20, Ferdinand Foch
(77), Marshal of France (WW I), died.
1929 Mar 22, A US Coast Guard
vessel sank a Canadian schooner suspected of carrying liquor.
1929 Mar 23, Sir Roger
Bannister, the first man to run the mile in less than four minutes
(May 6, 1954), was born in England.
(HN, 3/23/99)(SS, 3/23/02)
1929 Mar 23, The 1st telephone
installed in White House.
1929 Mar 28, Frederick Exley,
American novelist (A Fan's Notes), was born.
1929 Mar, When Hoover was
inaugurated, he and his wife, Lou, rode from the Capitol to the
White House in an open car, to allow the onlooking crowds unfettered
gawking. The Hoovers rode stoically in a drenching downpour. Just
four years later, Herbert Hoover was on the way out of the White
House, with the stock market crash of 1929, the depression, the
Bonus Army march on Washington, and a bitter defeat by Franklin
Delano Roosevelt behind him. In March 1933, it now was FDR‘s
inauguration day, and Hoover was denied the courtesy of Secret
Service protection traditionally accorded an outgoing president.
1929 Apr 1, Milan Kundera,
Czech writer (The Farewell Party), was born. His novel, "The
Unbearable Lightness of Being," was translated from the Czech in
1984 and was made into a film in 1988.
Apr 1, Louie Marx introduced the Yo-Yo in the US.
1929 Apr 4, Sigmund Romberg's
"New Moon" musical opened in London.
1929 Apr 6, "Crazy" Joe Gallo,
mobster, was born.
1929 Apr 6, Andre Previn,
pianist and conductor, was born in Berlin, Germany.
(HN, 4/6/01)(MC, 4/6/02)
1929 Apr 8, Walter Berry,
singer, ex husband of Christa Ludwig, was born in Austria.
1929 Apr 8, Jacques Brel
(d.1978), singer, actor, was born in Belgium.
1929 Apr 10, Max Von Sydow,
actor (Hawaii, Exorcist, Dune, Seventh Seal, Dreamscape), was born
in Lund, Sweden.
1929 Apr 17, Baseball player
Babe Ruth and Claire Hodgeson, a former member of the Ziegfeld
Follies, got married.
1929 Apr 22, Harold E. Jones,
director of research at the Univ. of Cal. Institute of child Welfare
reported that children doing poor schoolwork and those most often
exhibiting objectionable traits were found to be those who attend
motion picture shows frequently.
(SFC, 4/16/04, p.F5)
1929 Aug 24, Yasser Arafat,
leader of the Palestinian Liberation Movement (Nobel 1994), was
born. In 1998 Said K. Aburish published his biography "Arafat: From
Defender to Dictator."
(HN, 8/24/98)(WSJ, 11/19/98, p.A21)
1929 Aug 24, Palestinians
attacked orthodox Jews in Jerusalem.
1929 Apr 26, First non-stop
flight from England to India was completed.
1929 May 1, Police killed 19
Mayday demonstrators in Berlin.
1929 May 3, Prussia banned
1929 May 4, Audrey Hepburn,
Belgian-born actress, was born. She won an Oscar for her role Roman
Holiday and later became a Special Ambassador for UNICEF.
1929 May 7, Albert Anselmi,
John Scalise and Joseph "Top Toad" Giunta, US gangsters, were
murdered by Al Capone.
1929 May 12, Burt Bacharach,
composer, was born in KC, Mo. His songs included "I’ll Never Fall in
(SC, Internet, 5/12/97)(MC, 5/12/02)
1929 May 15, Fire in X-ray film
stock killed 125 at Crile Clinic, Cleveland.
1929 May 16, Betty Carter, jazz
singer, was born.
1929 May 16, Adrienne Rich,
poet (Diving into the Wreck), was born.
1929 May 16, Hollywood staged
an experimental publicity stunt for the movie industry at the
Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel that grew to become the Academy Awards
extravaganza. The first Academy Awards were presented during a
banquet at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel. The movie "Wings" won best
production while Emil Jannings and Janet Gaynor were named best
actor and best actress. The first ceremony gave out a 2nd best award
that went to F.W. Murnau’s "Sunrise." The dog Rin Tin Tin received
the most votes for best actor, but the academy decided it would be a
more auspicious precedent to grant the award to a human.
(WSJ, 3/21/97, p.A1)(SFEC, 3/23/97, DB p.54)(AP,
5/16/97)(Econ, 2/4/12, p.86)
1929 May 17, Edsel Ford cut the
first sod of Ford's new British manufacturing plant in the Dagenham
marshes. The first cars at Dagenham were produced in October, 1931.
This was Ford’s first expansion outside the US.
1929 May 18, In the 55th
Kentucky Derby: Linus McAtee on Clyde Van Dusen won in 2:10.8.
1929 May 19, Harvey Cox, US
theologist (Secular City), was born.
1929 May 25, David S. Ruder,
23rd chairman of Securities & Exchange Commission, was born.
1929 May 25, Beverly Sills,
opera singer, was born in Brooklyn, NY.
(HN, 5/25/01)(SC, 5/25/02)
1929 May 27, Colonel Charles
Lindbergh married Anne Spencer Murrow.
1929 May 28, The first
all-color talking picture, "On with the Show," opened in New York.
1929 May, Clarence Birdseye and
his partners sold their frozen food operations to the Postum Company
for $23.5 million and became director of research for the
Gloucestor-based “Birds Eye" frozen food division of General Foods,
owner of Postum.
(ON, 8/12, p.6)
1929 Jun 3, The 1st trade show
at Atlantic City Convention Center featured electric light.
1929 Jun 3, Chile, Peru &
Bolivia signed an accord about the Tacna-Arica area. Chile and Peru
accepted a proposal by Pres. Herbert Hoover over the outcome of the
1879-1893 War of the Pacific. Chile would retain Arica and return
Tacna to Peru and grant access to the Arica port as a compromise.
The accord was not implemented until 1999.
(SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A22)(MC, 6/3/02)
1929 Jun 4, George Eastman
demonstrated 1st Technicolor movie in Rochester, NY.
1929 Jun 7, John Turner, (L)
17th Canadian PM (1984), was born in Richmond, England.
1929 Jun 7, The sovereign state
of Vatican City came into existence as copies of the Lateran Treaty
were exchanged in Rome.
1929 Jun 11, G. Neujmin
discovered asteroid #1147 Stavropolis.
1929 Jun 12, Anne Frank,
German-Jewish diarist and Holocaust victim, was born in Holland. She
with her family hid from the Nazis in Holland during World War II.
Her diary is world famous
(HN, 6/12/98)(MC, 6/12/02)
1929 Jun 18, Eva Bartok,
actress, was born.
1929 Jun 23, Valerie June
Carter (d.2003) was born in Maces Springs, Va., to Mother Maybelle
Carter, a founding member of the Carter Family trio. She married
Johnny Cash in 1968.
(SFC, 5/16/03, p.A24)
1929 Jun 27, Scientists at Bell
Laboratories in New York revealed a system for transmitting
1929 Jun 27, Pres. Von
Hindenburg refused to pay the German debt of WW I.
1929 Jun 28, In San Francisco
movie mogul William Fox unveiled his $5 million “theater of dreams."
The SF Fox Theater closed in 1963.
(SSFC, 2/17/13, DB p.42)
1929 Jul 1, The US Immigration
law of 1924 went into effect.
1929 Jul 3, Dunlop Latex
Development Laboratories made foam rubber.
1929 Jul 4, Al Davis (d.2011),
NFL team owner, was born in Brocton, Mass. In 1982 he moved the
Oakland Raiders to Los Angeles. The team moved back to Oakland in
(SFC, 1/22/03, p.A10)(SSFC, 10/9/11, p.A18)
1929 Jul 15, Hugo Von
Hofmannsthal, playwright, poet, died.
1929 Jul 16, Col. Charles
Lindbergh was severely angered when he realized a sound-camera man
had recorded a private conversation using a concealed microphone.
The “voice that has never been filmed" left San Francisco’s Mills
Field airport on the cameraman’s reel.
(SFC, 7/16/04, p.F4)
1929 Jul 18, Screamin' Jay
Hawkins, American blues singer, was born.
1929 Jul 24, President Hoover
proclaimed the Kellogg-Briand Pact, which renounced war as an
instrument of foreign policy.
1929 Jul 26, Jean Shepherd,
humorist (Playboy satire Award 1966, 1967, 1969), was born.
1929 Jul 27, Jack Higgins,
[Harry Patterson], novelist, was born.
1929 Jul 28, Jacqueline Bouvier
Kennedy Onassis, first lady from 1961 to 1963, was born in
1929 Jul, Gala, wife of poet
Paul Eluard, met Salvadore Dali (25) in Cadaques, Spain. She
believed he was a genius on the verge of madness and decided to help
him get a grip on reality while he unleashed his visions on canvas.
(SFEM, 1/25/98, p.30)
1929 Jul, Transcontinental Air
Transport began regularly scheduled between NY and LA. Service took
48 hours with trains for night travel. A ticket cost $310. [see Oct
(Ind, 11/16/02, 5A)
1929 Aug 3, Bethel Leslie,
entertainer (Capt Newman MD, Rabbit Trap), was born in NYC.
1929 Aug 3, Thorstein Veblen
(b.1857), economist, died in California near Stanford Univ. He was
the author of: "The Theory of the Leisure Class" (1899) and coined
the phrase "conspicuous consumption." He laid the groundwork for the
school of institutionalist economics. He tried to apply Darwin's
theory of evolution to economics and his work led to increased
government involvement in the economy. His best known work was "The
Theory of the Leisure Class." In 1999 Elizabeth and Henry Jorgensen
published "Thorstein Veblen: Victorian Firebrand." Veblen said that
technicians will eventually run the world because nobody else will
(WSJ, 5/31/96, p.B1)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R20) (SFEC,
7/11/99, BR p.4)(SFEC, 2/13/00, Z1 p.2)
1929 Aug 4, Some 60,000 SA and
SS storm troopers marched in Munich.
1929 Aug 5, Millicent Fawcett
(b.1847), British feminist leader, died in London. She had started
campaigning for votes for women in 1866. In 2018 a statue of her was
unveiled in London's Parliament Square, a public space previously
occupied by 11 statues of men.
1929 Aug 7, Ruth
Carter-Stapleton, Pres. Carter’s sister, evangelist, was born in
1929 Aug 7, Germany’s Graf
Zeppelin airship embarked from Lakehurst, New Jersey, on the first
round-the-world passenger voyage.
1929 Aug 8, Josef Suk,
violinist (Artist of Merit-1977), was born in Prague,
1929 Aug 10, John Alldis,
composer, conductor, was born.
1929 Aug 11, Babe Ruth hit his
500th major league home run against the Cleveland Indians.
1929 Aug 12, Buck Owens,
country singer (Hee Haw), was born in Sherman, Texas.
1929 Aug 16, Bill Evans, jazz
pianist, was born. [see Aug 28]
1929 Aug 17, Francis Gary
Powers, US spy (USSR captured him in 1959 U-2 incident), was born.
1929 Aug 17, James Horace
Alderman, convicted of murdering 2 Coast Guardsmen and a Secret
Service agent in 1927, was hanged at 5:00 a.m. at Coast Guard Base 6
in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. It was reported in the media that
Alderman's neck was broken and he died a painless death. In fact,
Alderman kicked and strangled for a full twelve minutes before being
pronounced dead by a local doctor. He was the only person ever
executed on Coast Guard property.
1929 Aug 18, The first
cross-country women’s air derby began. Louise McPhetride Thaden won
first prize in the heavier-plane division, while Phoebe Fairgrave
Omlie finished first in the lighter-plane category.
1929 Aug 19, The comedy program
"Amos ‘n’ Andy," starring Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll, made
its network radio debut on NBC.
1929 Aug 19, Sergei P.
Diaghilev (b.1872), Russian dance master and leader of the Ballet
Russes, died in Italy.
1929 Aug 21, Marie Severin,
comic book artist, was born. In the 1950s she worked for the Federal
Reserve Bank of New York as it began publishing educational
1929 Aug 24, Yasser Arafat
(d.2004), leader of the Palestinian Liberation Movement (Nobel
1994), was born in Cairo according to his Cairo birth certificate.
He was the 5th child of Palestinian merchant Abdel Raouf al-Qudwa
al-Husseini. In 1998 Said K. Aburish published his biography
"Arafat: From Defender to Dictator."
1929 Aug 24, In the Hebron
massacre 65–68 Jews are killed by Arabs and the remaining Jews are
forced to leave Hebron.
1929 Aug 25, Graf Zeppelin
passed over SF for LA following a trans-Pacific voyage.
(SSFC, 8/22/04, p.F8)
1929 Aug 26, The 1st US roller
coaster was built.
1929 Aug 27, Ira Levin, author
(Rosemary Baby, Boys From Brazil, This Perfect Day), was born in
1929 Aug 28, Bill Evans
(d.1980), pianist, was born in Plainfield, N.J. [see Aug 16]
(WSJ, 8/28/98, p.W7)
1929 Aug 28, Istvan Kertesz,
conductor (Budapest Opera 1953-57/London Philharmonic), was born in
1929 Aug 29, John Jacob Raskob
(1879-1950), former General Motors executive, announced the
construction of the world’s tallest building, the Empire State
(ON, 12/08, p.10)
1929 Aug 29, The Graf Zeppelin
returned to Lakehurst, New Jersey, after 21 days 4 hours, a new
(Hem., 2/96, p.43)(MC, 8/29/01)(ON, 1/03, p.10)
1929 Sep 1, Maddux Air began
the 1st direct aerial passenger service from SF to NY. The 48 hour
trip included 2 nights on trains.
(SSFC, 8/22/04, p.F8)
1929 Sep 3, The Dow Jones
industrial average closed at 381.17. It was the peak of the bull
market of the 1920s.
1929 Sep 4, SF’s largest
parking garage opened in the 7 lower floors of the new 26-storey
medical office building, designed by Miller and Pfleuger, at
450 Sutter St.
(SFC, 9/3/04, p.F8)
1929 Sep 5, Roger Babson
(1875-1967), investment advisor, gave a speech saying, "Sooner or
later a crash is coming, and it may be terrific." Later that day the
stock market declined by about 3%. This became known as the "Babson
Break". The Wall Street Crash of 1929 and the Great Depression soon
followed. His 1935 autobiography was titled “Actions and Reactions."
1929 Sep 8, Christoph von
Dohnanyi, conductor and pianist (Cleve Orchestra), was born in
1929 Sep 10, Arnold Palmer,
golfer who won four Masters, two British Opens and one U.S. Open,
1929 Sep 11, David S. Broder,
journalist (Pulitzer 1973), was born in Chicago Hgts., Ill.
1929 Sep 11, The San Francisco
Bohemian Club honored Winston Churchill, former Chancellor of the
Exchequer in Britain’s recently ousted Conservative government, at a
(SFC, 9/10/04, p.F2)
1929 Sep 14, The Dow Jones
Industrials added Curtis-Wright as a replacement for Wright
(WSJ, 4/8/04, p.C4)
1929 Sep 16, Boston Mayor
Nichols banned the performance of Eugene O'Neill play "Strange
Interlude" on the grounds that it was obscene. The play had never
been banned anywhere, and many Bostonians wanted to see it, but the
mayor would not change his mind. The mayor of neighboring Quincy,
Mass., allowed the play to be performed there on September 30th, and
it played to sold-out crowds for a month. This was later among
events covered in the book “Censorship of the American Theatre in
the 20th Century" (2003).
1929 Sep 18, Preston Sturges'
"Strictly Dishonorable," premiered in NYC.
1929 Sep 18, Charles Lindbergh
took off on a 10,000 mile air tour of South America. B.F. Mahoney
was the ‘mystery man’ behind the Ryan company that built Lindbergh’s
Spirit of St. Louis.
1929 Sep 21, Fighting between
China and the Soviet Union broke out along the Manchurian border.
1929 Sep 22, Communist and Nazi
factions clashed in Berlin.
1929 Sep 24, U.S. Army pilot
Lt. James H. Doolittle guided a Consolidated NY2 Biplane over
Mitchel Field in New York in the first all-instrument flight.
(AP, 9/24/97)(HN, 9/24/98)
1929 Sep 30, The 1st manned
rocket plane flight was made by auto maker Fritz von Opel at
Frankfurt-am-Main [see May 29, 1928].
1929 Sep, The London Stock
Exchange crashed when Clarence Hatry, a fraudulent financier, was
arrested. Stock sell-offs followed leading to the crash of 1929.
(Econ, 4/12/14, p.54)
1929 Sep, The inevitable market
corrections began and stock prices fluctuated for a month. The
prosperous Jazz Age came to a close and the Great Depression began
when the stock market crashed in October. In the late 1920s, the
American economy had never looked better, but the danger signs were
there. More products were being produced than could be purchased. In
addition, more and more people played the ever-soaring stock market,
borrowing on their borrowings to buy nothing but paper profits.
1929 Oct 1, In NYC demolition
began of the Waldorf-Astoria to make way for the new Empire State
(ON, 12/08, p.11)
1929 Oct 3, The Kingdom of
Serbs, Croats and Slovenes formally changed its name to the Kingdom
of Yugoslavia. It included the regions of Serbia, Montenegro,
Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Herzegovina, and Macedonia. King
Alexander I renamed the Balkan state called the Kingdom of Serbs,
Croats, and Slovenes, Yugoslavia. The Kingdom had been formed on
December 1, 1918 and was ruled by the Serbian Karageorgevic dynasty.
It included the previously independent kingdoms of Serbia and
Macedonia, the Hungarian-controlled regions of Croatia and Slovenia,
the Austrian province of Dalmatia, Carniola and parts of Styria,
Carinthia and Istria.
(AP, 10/3/97)(HN, 10/3/98)(HNQ, 3/26/99)(LCTH,
1929 October 7, British PM J.
Ramsay MacDonald delivered a speech to the US Congress. He first
spoke briefly to the House of Representatives and then gave a longer
speech to the Senate. MacDonald was the first British PM to address
the US Congress.
(NY Times, 10/8/1929, p.3)
1929 Oct 9, G. Kaufman's and R.
Lardner's musical "June Moon," premiered NYC.
1929 Oct 11, Sean O'Casey's
"Silver Tassle," premiered in London.
1929 Oct 12, Richard Coles,
child psychologist and author, was born.
1929 Oct 15, Nadir Khan
(1983-1933) took the throne of Afghanistan after a 3-way power
struggle. His tribal Wazir army looted government buildings and
houses of wealthy citizens because the treasury was empty.
Habibullah Kalakani, along with his supporters, and a few supporters
of Amanullah Khan were killed by Nadir Khan and Khan established
1929 Oct 21, Ursula Kroeber Le
Guin, science fiction writer, was born. Her work included "The Left
Hand of Darkness."
(HN, 10/21/00)(MC, 10/21/01)
1929 Oct 22, Dory Previn, pop
singer (Love Be My Cover), was born in Rahway, NJ.
1929 Oct 23, First
transcontinental air service began from New York to Los Angeles.
1929 Oct 24, George Henry
Crumb, American composer, was born.
1929 Oct 24, Rudy Vallee's
Fleischmann Hour began broadcasting on NBC radio.
1929 Oct 24, Black Thursday,
the first day of the stock market crash, began the Great Depression.
Dow Jones was down 12.8%. Stock values collapsed and 13 million
shares changed hands as small investors frantically tried to sell
off their holdings. Thousands of confused investors and brokers were
ruined and banks, which had also invested heavily in the market,
failed when they could not produce enough cash on demand for angry
depositors. The 3 cent Brooklyn Daily Eagle reported the crash along
with a story on the trial of a former banking superintendent for
taking a $10,000 bribe for not inspecting some insolvent banks.
(HN, 10/24/98)(HNPD, 10/29/98)(SFEC, 7/11/99,
p.D9)(AH, 10/04, p.15)
1929 Oct 25, Former
Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall was convicted of accepting a
$100,000 bribe in connection with the Elk Hills Naval Oil Reserve in
California. This conviction was in addition to the one he received
for accepting kickbacks in conjunction with the Wyoming Teapot Dome
Scandal. Fall served under Pres. Warren Harding, but it is unclear
if Harding was aware of any wrongdoing. [see Oct 25, 1923]
(AP, 10/25/97)(SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.7)(SFEC,
1929 Oct 28, Universal Pictures
joined with Transcontinental Air Transport to offer moving pictures
for air passengers bound for California.
(SFC, 10/29/04, p.F11)
1929 Oct 28, The DJIA dropped
12.8%. Dow Jones plummeted 38.33 pts (13%) to 260.64. Just before
the Great Crash the Ladies Home Journal proclaimed: "Everyone Ought
to Be Rich."
(WSJ, 9/9/96, p.A1)(SFC,10/17/97, p.B2)
1929 Oct 29, The DJIA dropped
11.7%. "Black Tuesday" was the worst day of the market crash as
panicked survivors dumped 16 million shares on the market. Clerical
workers stayed up all night to find that $30 billion in paper value
had been wiped out in one day. Prices collapsed amid panic selling
and thousands of investors were wiped out as America's Great
Depression began. On Wall street prices plunged $14 million. By mid-
November $30 billion of the $80 billion worth of stocks listed in
September were been wiped out. Stocks continued to slide until 1932,
but the fear caused by the crash made Americans unwilling to buy or
invest and the economy slowly worsened into the Great Depression. In
1994 daily trades average 200-300 million shares. In 1954 John
Kenneth Galbraith authored “The Great Crash." In 2001 Maury Klein
authored "Rainbow’s End: The Crash of 1929."
(SFC,10/17/97, p.B2)(HNPD, 10/29/98)(HN,
10/29/98)(WSJ, 10/26/01, p.A20)(WSJ, 7/19/08, p.W6)
1929 Oct 30, Joan Ganz Cooney,
founder (Children's Television Workshop), was born.
1929 Oct, US Attorney General
William Mitchell announced plans to crack down on big business
mergers and cartels. Suits were soon filed against Great Western
Sugar, motion picture industry mergers, major oil companies, and the
radio trust of RCA, Westinghouse and General Electric.
1929 Oct, The Battelle Memorial
Institute, a research and development organization, opened its doors
in Columbus, Ohio. It was founded on industrialist-turned-researcher
Gordon Battelle’s vision that business and scientific interests can
go hand-in-hand as forces for positive change.
1929 Nov 1, Afghan emir
Habibullah Kalakani (b.1891), popularly known as "Bache Saqaw," was
executed by firing squad along with his brother and 10 other rebel
1929 Nov 2, Richard Taylor,
Nobel Prize-winning physicist, was born. He proved the existence of
1929 Nov 6, The DJIA dropped
1929 Nov 7, Benny Andersen,
Danish writer, poet and jazz musician, was born.
1929 Nov 7, The Museum of
Modern Art in New York City opened to the public.
1929 Nov 11, The Ambassador
Bridge, linking Detroit, Michigan, to Windsor, Ontario, Canada, was
completed and opened for traffic 4 days later. Financier Joseph
Bower led the project which became the longest suspension bridge in
the world, exceeding by 100 feet the Philadelphia-Camden Bridge
completed in 1926.
1929 Nov 12, Grace Kelly,
American actress and Princess of Monaco, was born.
(HFA, ‘96, p. 42)(HN, 11/12/98)
1929 Nov 12, In NYC the cap was
put on the framework of George Ohrstrom’s building at 40 Wall
Street, establishing its height at 925 feet.
(ON, 12/08, p.11)
1929 Nov 15, Edward Asner,
actor (Mary Tyler Moore Show, Lou Grant), was born in Kansas City,
1929 Nov 16, In NYC the Daily
Building Report announced that the final height of the new Chrysler
Building would be 1,046 feet.
(ON, 12/08, p.11)
1929 Nov 18, Dr. Vladimir K.
Zworykin demonstrated the "kinescope."
1929 Nov 18, A large quake in
Atlantic broke the Transatlantic cable in 28 places.
1929 Nov 18, Stalin sent troops
1929 Nov 20, Kenneth DeWitt
Schermerhorn, conductor, was born in Schenectady, NY.
1929 Nov 20, Salvador Dali held
his 1st one-man show.
1929 Nov 20, The radio program
"The Rise of the Goldbergs" debuted on the NBC Blue Network.
1929 Nov 21, Marilyn French,
novelist and critic, was born. Her work includes "The Women's Room."
1929 Nov 24, Georges Clemenceau
(b.1841), French journalist and premier (1917-20), died. He is noted
for the quote: “La guerre! C’est une chose trop grave pour la
confier à des militaires." (War is too serious a matter to
entrust to military men).
1929 Nov 28, Berry Gordy, Jr.,
recording executive, novelist, was born.
1929 Nov 28, Commander Richard
E. Byrd embarked on the first South Pole flight.
(NPub, 2002, p.12)
1929 Nov 29, Navy Lt. Cmdr.
Richard E. Byrd radioed that he'd made the first airplane flight
over the South Pole: "My calculations indicate that we have reached
vicinity of South Pole." He was wrong [see 1888-1957, Byrd].
(TMC, 1994, p.1929)(HFA, '96, p.42)(AP,
11/29/97)(NPub, 2002, p.12)
1929 Nov 30, Dick Clark
(d.2012), rock-n-roll promoter, was born in Mount Vernon, NY.
(SFC, 4/19/12, p.C5)
1929 Nov 30, Joan Ganz Cooney,
television executive, was born in Phoenix, Az. She founded the
Children's Television Workshop and was the mastermind behind "Sesame
1929 Nov, Harvey S. Ladew
(1887-1976) purchased Pleasant Valley Farm in Maryland for his
personal fox hunting estate. He converted 22 acres of the grounds to
the most outstanding topiary garden in the US.
1929 Dec 1, Dick Shawn, actor
(Producers, Maid to Order, Angel), was born in Buffalo, NY.
1929 Dec 1, Game of Bingo was
invented by Edwin S. Lowe.
1929 Dec 2, 1st skull of Peking
man was found 50 km out of Peking at Tsjoe Koe Tien.
1929 Dec 3, The Bethlehem Steel
Co. announced that it will acquire the Pacific Coast Steel Co. of SF
and its associated Southern California Iron and Steel Co.
(SFC, 12/3/04, p.F8)
1929 Dec 5, The 1st US nudist
organization, American League for Physical Culture, was began in
1929 Dec 6, Turkey introduced
1929 Dec 11, John Jacob Raskob
(1879-1950), former General Motors executive, announced a 102-storey
design for his Empire State Building.
1929 Dec 12, John Osbourne,
playwright and film producer (Look Back in Anger), was born.
1929 Dec 13, Christopher
Plummer, actor (Sound of Music, Doll's House), was born in Toronto.
1929 Dec 18, Helene Delangle
(1900-1984), French racing pioneer, became the fastest woman driver
in the world, averaging 120.5 mph at Montlhery, France. In 2004
Miranda Seymour authored “The Bugatti Queen: In search of a
(Econ, 2/28/04, p.81)
1929 Dec 21, The 1st US group
hospital insurance plan was offered in Dallas, Tx.
1929 Dec 22, Soviet troops left
Manchuria after a truce was reached with the Chinese over the
Eastern Railway dispute.
1929 Dec 24, Mary Higgins
Clark, author (Cry in the Night, Stillwatch), was born in Bronx, NY.
1929 Dec 24, Stanford scientist
J.H.C. Smith reported success in isolating sufficient amounts of
carotene to determine its chemical structure. The plant pigment was
discovered almost 100 years ago.
(SFC, 12/24/04, p.F2)
1929 Dec 29, Indonesia police
arrested Sukarno and 100s PNI-leaders.
1929 Dec 30, Cole Porter's
musical "Wake Up & Dream," premiered in NYC.
1929 Dec 31, Guy Lombardo and
his Royal Canadians played "Auld Lang Syne" as a New Year’s Eve song
for the first time. Scottish poet Robert Burns is credited with
writing the song, although a similar poem by Robert Ayton
(1570-1638), not to mention even older folk songs, use the same
phrase, and may well have inspired Burns. The literal translation
means "old long since" which less literally meant "days gone by."
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auld_Lang_Syne)(WSJ, 12/29/06, p.W10)
1929 Dec 31, The DJIA closed
the decade at 248.48.
(WSJ, 4/8/04, p.C4)
1929 Edward Albee, playwright,
was born. In 1999 Mel Gussow authored the biography: "Edward Albee,
A Singular Journey."
(SFEC, 9/5/99, BR p.4)
1929 Arnold Palmer, golf star
(SFEC, 3/30/97, Z1. p.2)
1929 Adrienne Rich, later
feminist and lesbian poet, was born. In 1999 she won the $100,000
Lifetime Achievement Award from the Lannan Foundation. Her over 20
books included "The Dream of Common Language," "An Atlas of the
Difficult World," and "Diving Into the Wreck."
(SFC, 10/5/99, p.B2)
1929 Elizabeth Eyre de Lanux
designed a lacquered table with a Cubist-inspired base. It became
part of a Robert Symes Art-Deco auction in 1989. She later revealed
that it was "made as a caricature of Cubist sculpture."
(SFC, 9/11/96, p.C2)
1929 Rene Magritte created his
"La Trahison des images" (The Treachery of Images), an example of
his "script paintings." He also created his painting "The Lovers,"
the image of a couple kissing with their heads wrapped in cloth. He
wrote "An object is never so closely attached to its name that
another cannot be found which suits it better.’
(SFEM, 4/23/00, p.17)(SFC, 2/7/02, p.D12)
1929 Georgia O’Keeffe painted
"Black Cross with Star and Blue."
(SFEC, 8/10/97, p.T5)
1929 Picasso painted "Large
Nude in a Red Armchair."
(Econ, 11/17/07, p.99)
1929 The Buck Rogers comic was
1st introduced. A radio show followed from 1932-1947. Dick Calkins,
co-author of Buck Rogers, died at 67. In 1988 Lorraine Dille
Williams authored "Buck Rogers: The First 60 Years in the 25th
(SFC, 9/2/02, p.D8)(SFC, 4/13/05, p.G4)
1929 The "Tarzan" comic strip
first showed up in newspapers.
(SFC, 3/30/97, Z1. p.2)
1929 W.R. Burnett wrote the
first gangster novel: "Little Caesar."
(SFC, 3/7/98, p.E3)
1929 Stuart Chase authored “Men
and Machines," in which he examined how machines were replacing
(Econ, 11/13/04, Survey p.14)
1929 Jean Cocteau wrote his
novel "Les Enfants Terribles" while in a sanatorium trying to shake
his opium habit. He narrated the 1950 film version. In 1997 it was
made into an opera by Philip Glass.
(WSJ, 11/26/96, p.A16)(SFC, 10/12/97, DB p.40)
1929 Mignon G. Eberhart
(1899-1996), mystery writer, wrote the first of her 59 books. Her
2nd book, "While the Patient Slept," won the 1930 Scotland Yard
(SFEC, 10/9/96, C2)
1929 William Faulkner (32)
published his novel “Sound and the Fury." It chronicled the decline
of a genteel Mississippi family.
(Econ, 5/23/15, p.74)
1929 Ortega y Gasset wrote "The
Revolt of the Masses." In this book he characterized the European
society of his time as dominated by a mediocre, uncultivated mass of
individuals who had recently risen to power as a result of political
and technological changes.
1929 Henry Green (1905-1973),
English writer, authored “Living," a novel of working class factory
1929 "A Farewell to Arms" by
Ernest Hemingway was published.
(SFC, 6/15/96, p.D8)
1929 Thomas Wolfe at 29
published his first novel "Look Homeward Angel." It was edited down
by Maxwell Perkins of Scribners. In 2000 it was republished with
60,000 words restored under the original title "O Lost: A Story of
the Buried Life."
(TMC, 1994, p.1929)(SSFC, 12/3/00, Par p.22)
1929 Walter D. Edmonds (d.1998)
wrote his play "Rome Haul." Henry Fonda starred in his first film in
1935 based on the play.
(SFC, 1/29/98, p.B2)
1929 Elmer Rice wrote his play
"Street Scene," a drama of tenement life. In 1947 Kurt Weill wrote
an opera based on the play.
(WSJ, 11/4/96, p.A21)
1929 Agnes Smedley (1892-1950),
American journalist and writer, authored her semi-autobiographical
novel “Daughter of Earth." Smedley, an advocate for women, children,
peasants and liberation for the oppressed, then moved to China and
covered the civil war there.
1929 British artist and surgeon
Henry Tonks (1862-1937) authored a memoir describing artists who had
studied under him at the Slade School of Art.
(Econ, 6/22/13, p.86)
1929 The George Balanchine
choreographed the ballet "The Prodigal Son." The décor was by
(WSJ, 10/21/99, p.A20)(WSJ, 12/8/04, p.D12)
1929 Aaron Copland completed
his 2 year work "Symphonic Ode."
(WSJ, 1/12/00, p.A20)
1929 The musical show "Sweet
Adeline" was written by Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein.
(WSJ, 2/27/97, p.A15)
1929 Nick Lucas wrote his song
"Tiptoe Through the Tulips."
(SFC, 12/2/96, p.A4)
1929 Igor Stravinsky completed
the concerto "Cappricio."
(SFC, 6/19/99, p.B3)
1929 Avedis Zildjian III of
Constantinople, moved the family cymbal business to Massachusetts.
He took a suggestion from Jo Jones, drummer for Count Basie, and
mounted cymbals on a pole creating the "hi-hat." Another idea from
Gene Kruppa, drummer for Benny Goodman, led to a big cymbal with a
lot of ping called a "ride."
(WSJ, 5/31/96, p.B1)
1929 The Mormon Tabernacle
Choir began to broadcast their Sunday morning show "Music and the
Spoken Word" from the Salt Lake Tabernacle.
(SFEC, 7/21/96, DB p.29)
1929 The Arizona Biltmore
opened. It was designed by Albert McArthur and Frank Lloyd Wright.
McArthur, an apprentice of Wright, was declared by Wright in 1930 as
the architect of record.
(SFEM, 4/19/98, p.24)
1929 Hangar 1, the first modern
air terminal of LA was completed at Mines Field, now part of LAX.
(Hem., 5/97, p.70)
1929 A golden altar that had
been brought from Barcelona, Spain, and intended for the Los Angeles
Cathedral was assembled from 396 pieces and installed into the
chapel at Mission San Juan Capistrano.
(HT, 3/97, p.58)
1929 The Wilshire Boulevard
Temple in Los Angeles debuted as the cornerstone of the largest
Jewish congregation west of Chicago. It was bankrolled in part by
Louis B. Mayer, co-founder of MGM, Movie mogul Irving Thalberg, Carl
Laemmle and the Warner brothers.
(SFC, 6/5/13, p.E7)
1929 In San Francisco the
15-storey Hotel Adagio, designed by architect Douglas Stone, was
built at 550 Geary.
(SSFC, 7/14/13, p.C2)
1929 In San Francisco the
4-storey apartment building at 7700 Geary Blvd. was completed. It
was designed by architect Herbert Baumann.
(SSFC, 4/14/13, p.C2)
1929 In San Francisco the
12-storey Gaylord Apartment building at 620 Jones St. was completed.
It was designed by H.C. Baumann.
(SSFC, 7/29/12, p.C4)
1929 In SF the Shell Building
was built at the 100 Bush and Battery. The 28-storey Gothic Moderne
structure was designed by George Kelham.
(SSFC, 2/1/09, p.B3)
1929 The Academy of Advertising
Art was founded in San Francisco by Richard S. Stephens. It grew to
become the largest private art and design college in the US. By 2007
close to 10,000 students were enrolled. Stephens, art director for
Sunset Magazine, founded the academy with his wife Clara and $2000.
In 2004 it changed its name to the Academy of Art University.
(SFC, 5/22/98, p.B2)(SFC, 10/22/99, p.C14)(SFC,
3/10/04, p.B2)(SFCM, 9/30/07, p.12)
1929 The Civic Opera House of
Chicago was built as part of an office building so that business
rents would support the art.
(WSJ, 9/23/96, p.A18)
1929 Dr. Albert C. Barnes sold
his business before the market crash. He had made a fortune
developing and marketing Argyrol, an antiseptic. His art collection
of Post-Impressionist and early modern art in America became the
greatest private collection in America.
(Econ, 5/26/12, p.83)
1929 The 37-storey Daily News
building, designed by John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood, opened on
42nd Street in Manhattan. It became a model for the fictional Daily
Planet in Superman movies. The NY Daily News vacated the building in
(WSJ, 8/29/07, p.B6)
1929 The Eisenberg Sandwich
Shop opened in NYC.
(SFEC, 7/4/99, p.T4)
1929 Syrian Muslims built the
first mosque in America in Ross, North Dakota.
(AH, 4/07, p.31)
1929 In Pennsylvania the Rodin
Museum opened in Philadelphia. In 2012 it re-opened following a
3-year, $9 million restoration.
(SFC, 7/13/12, p.A8)
1929 Robert Benchley (d.1945)
began writing as theater critic for the New Yorker. He was fired by
Harold Ross in 1940.
(WSJ, 4/14/97, p.A13)
1929 The William Edgar Borah
Outlawry of War Foundation was founded at the Univ. of Idaho.
1929 Amelia Earhart and other
female aviation pioneers founded the Ninety-Nines (a women’s pilot’s
association). Only about 150 of the nation’s 9,800 licensed pilots
were women. While the number of female pilots increased, it was
stunted by a Depression-era society no longer tolerant of the
feminist activism of the 1920s.
1929 Charles Henri Ford (d.2002
at 94) founded "Blues: A Magazine of New Rhythms," while living at
home in Columbus. He edited 8 issues.
(SFC, 10/1/02, p.A18)
1929 Hugo Gernsback coined the
tern science fiction and used it in the 1st issue of his new
magazine Science Wonder Stories.
(ON, 11/05, p.12)
1929 Jenny R. Bramley (d.1997
at 87) became the first woman to receive a doctorate in physics in
the US. Her patents included such devices as color-television tubes
and early tubes used in computer terminals.
(SFEC, 6/1/97, p.D8)
1929 Hall’s Food Mart was
established as a family business in Wiggins, Miss.
(SFC, 6/18/96, p.A4)
1929 Keil Furniture of
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, advertised a radio table with an Atwater Kent
screen-grid radio for $179.
(SFC, 2/13/08, p.G8)
1929 The game of beano involved
dried beans and was first played in the US at an Atlanta carnival.
It was based on an Italian game that dated back to 1530. In New York
the name mutated to "Bingo" when Edwin Lowe, a toy salesman, took it
(SFEC, 3/22/98, p.A25)(SFC, 7/25/98, p.B5)
1929 The Harris family began
the Cowtown Championship Rodeo in Pilesgrove, Salem County, New
(SFC, 8/31/98, p.A3)
1929 The Univ. of Mich. men’s
baseball team under Fielding H. Yost (1871-1946) won 11 of 13 games
on its first tour of Japan and brought back a Japanese suit of armor
as an award from Meiji Univ.
(MT, Sum. ‘98, p.24)
1929 Lefty O’Doul hit .398
becoming the National League batting champ of the Philadelphia
Phillies. He went on to manage the San Francisco Seals and in 1958
opened Lefty’s, a bar in San Francisco.
(SFC, 3/5/96, p.C1)(SFC, 7/18/97, p.A9)(SSFC,
1929 The Carnegie Foundation
for the Advancement of Teaching reported that the college sports
establishment was "sodden" with commercialism and professionalism.
1929 Stephen Vincent Benet won
the Pulitzer Prize for his Civil War epic "John Brown’s Body." In
2002 the work was performed by inmates at San Quentin Prison under
the direction of Joseph De Francesca.
(SFC, 1/2/98, p.C20)(SFC, 11/19/02, p.D1)
1929 Frank Kellogg (b.1856),
Secretary of State (1925-29), won the Nobel Peace Prize. He tried to
outlaw war with the Kellogg-Briand Pact.
(HN, 12/22/98)(AP, 10/9/09)
1929 In the wake of the stock
market crash Andrew Mellon, treasury secretary under Pres. Hoover,
preached a policy of liquidation to “purge the rottenness out of the
system." This helped to plunge the economy into the Great
(Econ, 9/27/08, p.46)
1929 After his appointment as
Secretary of State by Herbert Hoover in 1929, Henry L. Stimson was
quoted as saying, "Gentlemen do not read other‘s mail." Stimson had
learned of the existence of the Black Chamber eavesdropping program
and shut down the cryptographic service run by Herbert Yardley. Born
in New York in 1867, Stimson served in the cabinets of four
presidents as Secretary of War and Secretary of State. He died on
October 20, 1950.
(HN, 3/1/00)(Econ, 12/19/15, p.41)
1929 The Warsaw Convention set
liability limits for lost baggage and catastrophes on international
(WSJ, 8/9/96, p.B6)(SFC, 5/3/01, p.A14)
1929 The US Congress renamed
Maine’s Lafayette National Park to Acadia National Park.
(SFC, 7/21/96, p.T6)
1929 An agreement entitled
California to 4.4 million acre-feet per year from the Colorado
River, most of it for agriculture. One acre-foot is 325,000 gallons.
(SFC, 3/18/97, p.A15)
1929 The Ansonia Clock Co. of
Ansonia, Conn., formed in 1850, was forced to close by the
(SFC, 7/11/07, p.G4)
1929 In Delaware Louis R.
Redding (d.1998 at 96) became the state’s first black lawyer and for
2 decades was the state’s only black lawyer.
(SFC, 10/3/98, p.A21)
1929 Ernest Van Tassel
negotiates with Bishop Estate to obtain 100 acres of land in Keahoe
Mauka for planting more than 7000 macadamia nut trees resulting in
the first macadamia nut farm on the island of Hawaii.
1929 Sociologists Robert and
Helen Lynd rechristened Muncie, Indiana, to “Middletown" in a study
regarding it as representative of the American experience.
(Econ, 9/10/11, p.35)
1929 Pack mules carried all the
pieces for the High Rock Lookout in Gifford Pinchot National Forest
in Washington state.
(SFC, 9/2/96, p.A4)
1929 Carl Panzram was sent to
federal prison at Leavenworth, Kansas, for burglary. In prison he
wrote his memoirs and described his past as a serial killer of 21
murders. In 1996 the film "Killer: A Journal of Murder" was released
based on his story.
(SFC, 9/6.96, p.C3)
1929 C.L. Grigg founded the 7Up
soft drink company.
(SFC, 8/18/00, WBb p.1)
1929 Clement Keys, a Wall
Street investor, started an airline in China.
(SFEM, 2/13/00, p.38)
1929 The Hearst Corp. launched
Hearst Metrotone News, a newsreel production company.
(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)
1929 AT&T Bell Labs
scientists invented the artificial larynx.
(WSJ, 9/22/95, p.A-7)
1929 The Duesenberg J. Graber
Convertible Victoria was custom built.
(SFC, 7/21/96, p.D1)
1929 Neon lights first came to
(SSFC, 11/17/02, p.C12)
1929 The auto industry produced
a record 4.5 million passenger cars.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1929 The Henry Ford Museum and
Greenfield Village opened in Dearborn.
(WSJ, 8/7/03, p.D10)
1929 RCA purchased the Victor
Talking Machine Co.
(SFC, 2/19/96, zz-1 p.2)
1929 Ira C. Eaker and three
other pilots set an endurance record for flying. Eaker set flying
records in 1929 and 1936, became the commander of VIII Bomber
Command and later the entire Eighth Air Force in World War II.
1929 William Green developed
the first automatic pilot used on an airliner.
1929 Ernest Lawrence invented
the cyclotron at UC Berkeley.
1929 Edwin Hubble made the
landmark observation that wherever you look, distant galaxies are
moving rapidly away from us. In other words the universe is
expanding. He also showed that the red shift is directly
proportional to the galaxy’s distance from us.
(BHT, Hawking, p.8,39)
1929 Jaako Hintikka, a leading
philosophical logician, developed a semantics for perception with
two sets of qualifiers, a standard pair which ranges over physically
individuated objects perceptually individuated over model sets.
(WSJ, 12/28/95, p. A-5)
1929 Scientists isolated the
hormone estrogen as a compound.
(WSJ, 10/21/06, p.R3)
1929 US ranchers eradicated
foot-and-mouth disease from their herds.
(WSJ, 10/18/99, p.A39)
1929 The bonobo ape (aka pygmy
chimpanzee) was officially distinguished from the chimpanzees. In
1997 Franz de Waal wrote "Bonobo: The Forgotten Ape."
(NH, 5/97, p.22,25)
1929 A big forest fire burned
Mount Tamalpais in California’s Marin county.
(SFC, 8/17/96, p.A17)
1929 Adolph Coors, founder of
the Colorado based Coors Brewery, died. In 2000 Dan Baum authored
"Citizen Coors: An American Dynasty."
(SFEC, 4/30/00, BR p.4)
1929 Renzo De Felice, scholar
and historian of Italy’s Fascist period, was born. He authored more
than a dozen books on Fascism and Mussolini. His other books
explored the political and economic history of Italy. He died May
25, 1996, in Rome.
(SFC, 5/28/96, p.A15)
1929 Joseph A. Leonard
(b.1850), California architect, died. He designed homes in every
style of the day. He created the Leonardville neighborhood in
Alameda (1980-90s) and a residence park in the Ingleside Terraces of
(SFC, 4/10/04, p.F1)
1929 Chicago May (b.1871 as May
Duignan), Irish-born showgirl, prostitute and thief, died. In 2005
Nuala O’Faolain authored “The Story of Chicago May."
(SSFC, 9/25/05, F2)
1929 In Afghanistan Queen
Soraya (1899-1968), wife of King Amanullah Khan, was forced into
exile following the abdication of King Amanullah. Soraya Tarzi had a
modern approach to women’s issues and refused to wear a veil.
1929 Mahmud Tarzi (1865-1933),
one of Afghanistan's greatest intellectuals, sought asylum in Turkey
after the fall of Amanullah Khan.
1929 Georges Remi (1907-1983),
Belgian author and illustrator, created the cartoon character Tintin
under the pseudonym Herge for the children’s supplement, Le Petit
Vingtieme. Herge wanted to draw cartoons about the Wild West of
America, but his publisher ordered that the new fictional reporter
be sent to the soviet Union and then to Belgium’s colony in the
6/24/06, p.98)(Econ, 12/20/08, p.82)
1929 Julio Antonio Mella, the
founder of Cuba’s Communist Party, was assassinated in Mexico.
(WSJ, 3/26/96, p.A-10)
1929 In England the labor party
emerged from the general election as the largest party in
Parliament. It had been founded 3 decades earlier.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R25)
1929 The pilot of a Fokker C.IV
crashed in Vancouver, Canada, during an attempt to fly nonstop from
Seattle to Tokyo. The 1923 plane became a tourist attraction, then
burned and ended up in Maine, where it was restored for the Owls
Head Transportation Museum.
(SFC, 9/13/07, p.E3)
1929 Sir Victor Sassoon,
Shanghai financier, built a pyramid-topped hotel and office complex
in the art-deco style, designed by Palmer and Turner and called:
(Hem. 1/95, p. 84)
1929 Friedrich Ritter and his
lover Dore Strauch left their spouses in Germany to live on the
uninhabited Floreana island in the Galapagos. Their letters home
were leaked to the press and others soon followed. In 2014 the
documentary film “The Galapagos Affair: Satan Comes to Eden" was
(SFC, 4/11/14, p.E7)
1929 Egypt and Great Britain
made an agreement on behalf of Britain's African colonies which gave
Egypt the right to most of the more than 100 billion cubic meters of
Nile water that reaches the downstream countries annually.
1929 The 1st int'l. festival of
dance was held in Paris. Lucia Joyce (22), daughter of James Joyce,
qualified as one of the 6 finalists. Her beau was Samuel Beckett.
Lucia (d.1982) spent her last 30 years in a mental hospital in
England. In 2003 Carol Loeb Shloss authored "Lucia Joyce: To Dance
in the Wake."
(SSFC, 12/21/03, p.M3)
1929 The French government of
Leon Blum nationalized the defense industry, railways and the Bank
of France in the wake of the stock market crash.
(Econ, 3/25/06, p.71)
1929 The German dirigible Graf
Zeppelin completed a trip around the world.
(SFC,12/24/97, Z1 p.6)
1929 In Guyana the British
created Kaieteur National Park, named after the Patamona chief whom
legend holds canoed over an 822-foot precipice to appease the Great
Spirit. In 1973 the size of the park was reduced to 19.4 square-km
due to pressure to open up the area to allow mining. In 1999 an Act
of Parliament expanded its boundaries to cover an area of 626.8
square-km, protecting the watershed and the integrity of the area
(SSFC, 5/6/12, p.H3)(http://tinyurl.com/6ur7yp6)
1929 In Nagyrev, Hungary, some
40 men were poisoned by their wives or daughters-in-law with arsenic
laced duck soup, tea and wine. 6 local women were sentenced to die,
but only 2 were executed. The midwife ringleader, who extracted the
arsenic from flypaper, committed suicide. The 2003 Hungarian film
“Hiccup" was based on the poisonings.
(WSJ, 5/20/04, p.A1)
1929 In India Karam Chand
Thapar (1900-1962/3), founded what came to be known as the Thapar
group of companies. In 2007 the group was rebranded as “Avantha"
under the leadership of grandson Gautam Thapar.
1929 Sir Ronald Stores was
British governor of Jerusalem and insisted that all of the buildings
of the city be built or faced with white Jerusalem stone.
(SFC, 6/3/96, p.A19)
1929 In Italy sports driver
Enzo Ferrari (1898-1988) founded his Ferrari motor car company. In
2015 Ferrari went public on the NYSE.
(SFC, 10/22/15, p.C5)
1929 In Mali Seydou Keida
[Keita], photographer, was born. He ran a successful studio from his
home city of Bamako from 1945-1977. He later achieved int’l.
acclaim. A book of his work was published in 1997 edited by Andre
Magnin: "Seydou Keita."
(SFC, 3/8/96, p.E1)(SFEC, 7/27/97, BR p.6)(WSJ,
1929 In Mexico the
Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) began ruling. It was
initially called the Partido Nacional Revolucionario (PNR) and was
cemented by Plutarco Elias Calles. The party was decreed into
existence by the incumbent president to reconcile the violent,
(SFC, 12/14/96, p.A12)(WSJ, 8/13/97, p.A12)(SFC,
1929 In Mexico William
Spratling, an architecture professor from Tulane Univ. recruited
goldsmiths to teach local men in Taxco and inspired a silver arts
(SFEC, 11/8/98, p.T7)
1929 In British-ruled
Palestine a row over the Western Wall (Kotel) led to deadly
anti-Jewish riots. There were 67 Jews massacred in Hebron and the
survivors were forced to flee. Arab riots in Hebron killed dozens of
Jews with guns and axes and destroyed the ancient Jewish quarter.
(SFC, 1/10/96, p.A14)(SFC, 1/25/02, p.A11)(Econ
5/20/17, SR p.6)
1929 Puerto Rico outlawed
capital punishment. In 2005 it was among 12 US states and the
District of Columbia that do not allow the death penalty.
1929 Joze Plecnik, architect,
added two foot bridges (Tromostovje) at the heart of the Slovenia’s
capital, Ljubljana. He designed the city for pedestrians and put in
colonnades, market places and loggias insisting that everyday
enterprises deserved monumental surroundings.
(SFC, 5/26/96, T-5,7)(SSFC, 8/18/02, p.C7)
1929 Joseph Stalin reset the
Soviet calendar to give workers every 5th day off. Shifts were
staggered so that factories could run without interruption. The
staggered working week was abandoned after 3 years.
(Econ, 5/21/05, p.80)
1929 Stalin began the
liquidation of the kulaks, i.e. independent farmers.
1929 In Russia the Gorky
Automobile Plant (GAZ) in Nizhny Novgorod was founded. Henry Ford
was asked to help set up the Soviet car plant.
(Econ, 7/14/12, p.55)
1929 Tajikistan was created by
Stalin to divide and rule the ethnic Muslim peoples of Central Asia.
(WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1)
1929 A group of historians
found an amazing map drawn on a gazelle skin, which showed
continents people had never seen before! The map accurately depicts
longitude, something the Europeans were only capable. Research
showed that it was a genuine document drawn in 1513 by Piri Reis, a
famous admiral of the Turkish fleet in the sixteenth century. It was
discovered in 1929 while Topkapi Palace was being converted into a
1929 Rómulo Gallegos,
Venezuelan novelist and Venezuela's first freely-elected president,
authored Doña Bárbara. Mr. Danger, a long-standing figure in
Venezuelan life, was a character in the work. It was republished
many times. His government was brought down in a U.S.-backed 1948
military coup, ten months after he took office.
1929-1930 Louis Armstrong recorded "Vol.6 St.
Louis Blues" on Columbia Legacy.
(SFC, 7/4/97, p.D9)
1929-1930 Julius Rosenwald (b.1862), builder of
Sears Roebuck and a prominent philanthropist, wrote a series of
articles in the Atlantic Monthly in Dec. ‘29, and Jan. ‘30 opposing
the idea of charitable foundations established in perpetuity.
1929-1931 Gene Autrey (1908-), singer-guitarist,
recorded a number of songs in the blue yodel style of Jimmy Rodgers.
He went on to become a singing cowboy star in films and baseball
(SFEC, 10/13/96, DB p.49)
1929-1931 General Motors bought the Day-Fan
Electric Co. of Dayton, Ohio, and formed the GM Radio Corp. with
minority partners RCA, GE, and Westinghouse. The GMRC was liquidated
following a government anti-trust suit.
(SFC, 1/27/99, Z1 p.7)
1929-1932 American imports during this period fell
by 40%, mainly due to falling demand related to the Depression. The
Tariff Act of 1930 contributed perhaps 5% to the fall.
(Econ, 3/26/11, p.97)
1929-1932 In Mongolia the Communists forced
collectivization on the herders. The nomads slaughtered millions of
head of livestock rather than turn them over.
(NG, 5/93, p.136)
1929-1933 Herbert Hoover became the 31st President
of the US. His vice-president was Charles Curtis of Kansas, the son
of a Kaw tribeswoman.
(A&IP, ESM, p.96b, photo)(SFC, 6/23/96, Z1
p.2)(SFC, 3/13/97, p.A22)
1929-1933 In America 11,000 of 25,000 banks
disappeared as the Federal Reserve allowed the money supply to
(Econ, 4/29/17, p.58)
1929-1935 In the US a massive involuntary
migration of Mexicans took place as hundreds of thousands of
Mexicans were deported south on cattle cars.
(SFEC, 1/2/00, BR p.12)
1929-1939 Berenice Abbott spent ten years
photographing New York City as it changed. She received funding from
the WPA from 1935 to 1939 and selected 305 photos for the New Deal
project. The complete work was compiled by Bonnie Yochelson and
published in 1997: "Berenice Abbott" Changing New York."
(WSJ, 12/4/97, p.A20)
1929-1945 In 1999 David M. Kenney published his
110 page history: "Freedom From Fear: The American People in
Depression and War, 1929-1945."
(SFEC, 5/16/99, Z1 p.4)
1929-1949 Georgia O’Keeffe used the Rancho de los
Burros on Ghost Ranch in New Mexico as her summer home. The site
abuts the Carson National Forest, rich in dinosaur bones. Ghost
Ranch is now a conference center and 21,000 acre preserve owned by
the Presbyterian Church. Her winter home was down the road in
Abiquiu. Above Abiquiu is the Plaza Blanca, captured by O’Keeffe in
her painting: From the White Place 1940. It is on land owned by the
Dar Al Islam mosque, which owns 9,000 surrounding acres.
(SFC, 5/12/96, p.T-6)
1929-1953 Some 18 million people were sent to the
Gulag, the vast Soviet prison system that included labor and
concentration camps. In 2003 Ann Applebaum authored "Gulag: A
(SSFC, 4/27/03, M3)(NW, 4/28/03, p.13)
1929-1954 Cardinal Ildefenso Schuster was the
archbishop of Milan. He was beatified by Pope Paul II on 5/12/96.
The cardinal had supported fascism but later turned against it. He
had supported Benito Mussolini and praised the regime when it invade
(SFC, 5/13/96, p.C-12)
1929-1970 Venezuela was the world's largest
exporter of oil.
1929-1974 In North Carolina over 7,600 people
were forcibly sterilized during this period. In 2011 Gov. Beverly
Perdue created a 5-person task force to decide on compensation.
(SFC, 1/11/12, p.A5)