Return to home1930 Jan 3,
Robert Loggia, actor, was born. His films included: Independence
Day, Wild Palms, Big, Armed and Dangerous, Prizzi’s Honor, Scarface,
Psycho 2, Pink Panther series, A Woman Called Golda, Speedtrap, An
Officer and a Gentleman, The Greatest Story Ever Told, Somebody Up
There Likes Me, Mancuso FBI.
(440 Int'l. 1/3/99)
1930 Jan 3, The second
conference on war reparations began in the Hague.
1933 Jan 5, In San Francisco
federal judge Harold Lauderback ordered the auction of 2,245 gallons
of moonshine that had been seized in raids.
(SSFC, 1/4/09, DB p.50)
1930 Jan 5, Mao Tse-tung wrote
"A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire."
1930 Jan 9, Johannes ("John")
Charles, Siberian contra-basso, snake handler, faith healer,
grandson of Rasputin, was born.
1930 Jan 9, Earth rumbling
awakened Chicagoans- no earthquake, seismologists said. The
stockyards sprang a leak and a foul stench covered the city three
1930 Jan 9, Maria Innocente
(33) died. She claimed to have been visited by the Virgin Mary.
1930 Jan 15, Amelia Earhart set
an aviation record for women at 171 mph in a Lockheed Vega.
1930 Jan 20, Dr. Edwin 'Buzz'
Aldrin, second man to walk on the moon, was born.
1930 Jan 20, Charles Lindbergh
arrived in New York, setting a cross country flying record of 14.75
hours. [see Apr 20]
1930 Jan 21, Valentin
Ignatyevich Filatyev, Russian cosmonaut, was born.
1930 Jan 21, An international
arms meeting opened in London. The London Naval Conference, hosted
by Britain, sought to establish naval disarmament and review the
Washington Treaty of 1922, which limited tonnage of new battleships.
After three months of meetings, representatives from Britain, the
United States and Japan signed a treaty limiting battleship tonnage
based on ratios between the nations. Italy and France declined to
sign. A second naval conference in December 1935 did little to
promote further disarmament and, by the beginning of World War II,
Germany, Japan and the United States had all begun building
battleships well over the limit of 35,000 tons stipulated by the
original Washington Treaty. [see Apr 22]
(HN, 1/21/99)(HNQ, 1/1/01)
1930 Jan 22, Adm. Richard Byrd
charted a vast area of Antarctica.
1930 Jan 23, Antone “Black
Tony" Parmagini and William Levin, said to be the brains of an
int’l. narcotics ring and the western associates of the notorious
Rothstein ring of NY, were found guilty in SF, Ca., on 5 different
counts of violating narcotics law.
(SFC, 1/21/05, p.F3)
1930 Jan 25, New York police
routed a Communist rally at the Town Hall.
1930 Jan 29, North American
Co. was again removed from the Dow Jones and Johns Manville was
(WSJ, 5/28/96, R45)(WSJ, 4/8/04, p.C4)
1930 Feb 1, A Loening Air Yacht
of Air Ferries made its first passenger run between San Francisco
and Oakland, California. Amphibious airplanes offered frequent
six-minute flights between San Francisco and Oakland in 1930.
1930 Feb 3, The chief justice
of the United States, William Howard Taft, resigned for health
reasons. He died just over a month later.
1930 Feb 5, Sonja Henie (17),
Norwegian figure skating star, won her fourth consecutive world's
amateur singles championship.
(NY Times, 2/6/1930, p.30)
1930 Feb 14, “The Maltese
Falcon," by SF based writer Dashiell Hammett (1894-1961), was
(SFC, 6/7/04, p.C1)
1930 Feb 15, Wenona beat Toluca
in an Illinois Basketball Tournament in 10 overtimes.
1930 Feb 18, Luigi Pirandello's
"Come Tu Mi Vuoi," premiered in Milan.
1930 Feb 18, Richard Rodgers'
& Lorenz Hart's "Simple Simon," premiered in NYC.
1930 Feb 18, Pluto, the ninth
planet of our solar system, was discovered by Clyde Tombaugh
(1907-1997) at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Ariz. It is 2.76
billion miles (5,888 million km.) from the sun at the closest point
of its orbit. Pluto was later designated a "dwarf planet."
(SFEC, 1/19/97, p.B6)(SFC, 10/23/99, p.B7)(AP,
1930 Feb 19, John Frankenheimer
(d.2002), Hollywood film director (Birdman of Alcatraz, The Train),
was born in NYC.
(SSFC, 7/7/02, p.A23)(MC, 2/19/02)
1930 Feb 21, Marc Connelly's
"Green Pastures," premiered in NYC.
1930 Feb 23, Horst Wessel (22),
German Nazi brawler (wrote lyrics for "Die Fahne Hoch," the Horst
Wessel Song), was killed.
1930 Feb 24, Charles E. Hughes
(1862-1948), former associate Justice on the US Supreme Court, was
sworn in as Chief Justice.
1930 Feb 26, "The Green
Pastures" opened at Mansfield Theater.
1930 Feb 26, Manhattan, NYC,
installed the 1st red and green traffic lights.
1930 Feb 27, Joanne Woodward,
actress, was born. Her films included "Rachel, Rachel" and "The
Three Faces of Eve."
1930 Feb 28, Charles Scott
Moncrieff, Scotland-born soldier, spy and translator, died in Rome.
His work included the translation of seven of eight volumes of
Proust’s “Remembrance of Things Past." In 2014 Jean Findlay
authored “chasing Lost Time: The Life of C.K. Scott Moncrieff."
(Econ, 8/16/14, p.66)
1930 Mar 1, In San Francisco
the 22 storey Clay-Jones Apartments, designed by architect Albert
Larsen, opened at 1250 Jones St.
(SSFC, 2/1/15, p.D2)(SFC, 2/11/15, p.D1)
1930 Mar 2, SF took possession
of the Spring Valley Water Co. The company had its headquarters in a
7-storey building at 425 Mason St.
(SFC, 12/17/04, p.F2)(SSFC, 8/24/14, p.C2)
1930 Mar 2, Harry Kuchins made
the first indoor glider flight inside the St. Louis, Mo, Terminal
(HC, Internet, 2/3/98)
1930 Mar 2, Novelist D.H.
Lawrence died of tuberculosis in a sanitarium in Vence, France, at
the age of 45.
1930 Mar 3, Bert Lahr ("The
Wizard of Oz") and Kate "God Bless America" Smith starred as "Flying
High" opened at the Apollo Theatre in New York City. The show had a
run of 45 weeks at what is now the most famous black entertainment
theatre in America.
(HC, Internet, 3/3/98)
1930 Mar 4, A Federal Grand
Jury indicted George Noel Keyston, president of the SF Stock
Exchange, along with 8 others for an alleged conspiracy to embezzle
some $550,000 from the Post and Fillmore branch of the Bank of Italy
(SFC, 3/4/05, p.F3)
1930 Mar 4, Coolidge Dam in
Arizona was dedicated.
1930 Mar 5, Lorin Maazel,
conductor (NBC Symphony Orch 1941), was born in Neuilly, France.
1930 Mar 5, Some 10,000 people
gathered in front of SF City Hall as part of “Red Thursday," a
nationwide and worldwide unemployment demonstration.
(SFC, 3/4/05, p.F3)
1930 Mar 6, Clarence Birdseye
of Brooklyn developed a method for quick freezing food.
1930 Mar 7, Lord Snowdon,
[Anthony Armstrong-Jones], photographer, was born in London.
1930 Mar 8, William Howard Taft
(72), 27th president of the United States (1909-1913), died in
Washington. In addition to John F. Kennedy, William Howard Taft is
the only other U.S. president buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
Born in Cincinnati on September 15, 1857, Taft was the 27th
president, serving from 1909 to 1913. He later served as Chief
Justice of the Supreme Court from 1921 until illness forced him to
resign in 1930.
(AP, 3/8/98)(HNQ, 12/10/98)
1930 Mar 8, Mahatma Gandhi
started civil disobedience in India. [see Mar 12]
1930 Mar 9, Ornette Coleman,
jazz saxophonist, was born. [see Mar 19]
1930 Mar 10, Justinas
Marcinkevicius, Lithuanian poet, was born.
1930 Mar 10, Raymond Rasberry,
pianist, singer, was born.
1930 Mar 11, Former President
and Chief Justice Taft was the first U.S. president to be buried in
the National Cemetery in Arlington, Va.
(HN, 3/11/98)(AP, 3/11/02)
1930 Mar 12, Indian political
and spiritual leader Mohandas K. Gandhi began a 200-mile march to
the sea to protest a British tax on salt. The march symbolized his
defiance of British Rule over India.
(HN, 3/12/98)(AP, 3/12/98)
1930 Mar 13, The Lowell
Observatory in Arizona announced Clyde Tombaugh’s Feb 18 discovery
(HN, 3/13/98)(NH, 6/03, p.20)
1930 Mar 15, The USS Nautilus,
the 1st streamlined submarine of US Navy, was launched.
1930 Mar 16 For the first
time, a live opera performance was transmitted via shortwave from
Dresden Germany and received by NBC in New York, which broadcasted
the event for American listeners. Unfortunately, reception was poor
and Americans only heard about 20 minutes of the opera, "Fidelio."
(NY Times, 3/17/1930, p.33)
1930 Mar 16, USS Constitution
(Old Ironsides) was floated out to become a national shrine.
1930 Mar 17, James Benson
Irwin, Col. USAF, astronaut (Apollo 15), was born in Pittsburgh,
1930 Mar 17, Al Capone was
released from jail.
1930 Mar 19, Ornette Coleman
was born in Fort Worth, Texas, and was an early proponent of ‘free
form jazz.‘ Having taught himself to play the saxophone and read
music by age 14, Coleman moved to Los Angeles and met like-minded
musicians in the early ‘50s. His debut album in 1959, Something
Else! introduced his atonal interpretation of jazz, one free of
traditional tonal structure, which he terms ‘harmolodic.‘ Many
listeners and critics have termed it ‘anarchy.‘ Coleman has
continued to be an influential if controversial figure in jazz, now
producing albums under his own label (Harmolodic, Inc.) as well as
soundtracks for films. [see Mar 9]
1930 Mar 19, Arthur J. Balfour
(81), British theologist, premier (1902-05), died.
1930 Mar 20, Clessie Cummins
set a diesel engine speed record of 129.39 kph.
1930 Mar 22, Stephen Sondheim,
American composer and lyricist (A Little Night Music, Passion), was
1930 Mar 24, Steve McQueen,
actor (Wanted, Dead or Alive, Blob, Bullitt), was born in Slater,
1930 Mar 24, The U.S. Senate
passed a bill increasing tariffs.
1930 Mar 26, Gregory Corso,
beat poet (Happy Birthday of Death, Long Live Man), was born. He
discovered literature in prison.
(HN, 3/26/01)(SS, 3/26/02)
1930 Mar 26, Sandra Day
O'Connor, first woman US Supreme Court Justice (1981- ), was born in
El Paso TX.
(HN, 3/26/01)(SS, 3/26/02)
1930 Mar 26, Congress
appropriated $50,000 for Inter-American highway.
1930 Mar 27, David Janssen,
[Meyer], actor (Fugitive, Harry O) and son of Clark Gable, was born
in Naponee, Nebraska.
1930 Mar 27, 1st US radio
broadcast from a ship at sea.
1930 Mar 28, Jerome Isaac
Friedman, American physicist, was born. He helped confirm the
existence of quarks.
1930 Mar 28, The names of the
Turkish cities of Constantinople and Angora were changed to Istanbul
(AP, 3/28/97)(HN, 3/28/98)
1930 Mar 30, David Staple,
joint president of the Council of Churches for Britain and Ireland,
1930 Mar 30, In Germany
Heinrich Brüning (1885-1970) became chancellor and continued to
1930 Apr 29, The film "All
Quiet on the Western Front," based on Erich Maria Remarque's novel
Im Western Nichts Neues, premiered.
1930 Apr 1, The film "Blue
Angel" with Marlene Dietrich and Emil Jannings, premiered in the US.
It was directed by Josef von Sternberg.
(SFEC, 4/23/00, BR p.3)(MC, 4/1/02)
Apr 1, Leo Hartnett (Gabby Hartnett) of the Chicago Cubs broke
the altitude record for a catch by catching a baseball dropped from
the Goodyear blimp 800 feet over Los Angeles, CA. He caught the ball
cleanly, saying, "Eeeeooooww!". His injuries included a broken jaw.
(OTD)(SFC, 10/23/99, p.B7)(MC, 4/1/02)
1930 Apr 1, The US National
Census was taken. Records were made available Apr 1, 2002, according
to 1952 regulations.
(SFC, 4/1/02, p.A3)
1930 Apr 1, Cosima Liszt (92),
wife of Austrian composer Richard Wagner, died.
1930 Apr 2, Girolamo Arriego,
composer, was born.
1930 Apr 2, Ethiopia’s Empress
Zauditu died and Ras Tafari assumed the title of Emperor.
1930 Apr 3, The first of two
Academy Awards banquets this year was held in Los Angeles at the
Fiesta Room of the Ambassador Hotel. The awards were given for films
released between 2 August 1928 and 31 July 1929.
1930 Apr 3, Helmut Kohl, German
statesman and chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, was
(WP, 6/29/96, p.A20)(HN, 4/3/99)
1930 Apr 5, Mahatma Ghandi
defied British law by making salt in India instead of buying it from
1930 Apr 6, Hostess Twinkies
were invented by bakery executive James Dewar.
1930 Apr 6, 1st
transcontinental glider tow was completed.
1930 Apr 8, John Reardon,
baritone (Falke-Die Fledermaus), was born in NYC.
1930 Apr 10, The first
synthetic rubber was produced.
1930 Apr 14, Philip Barry's
"Hotel Universe," premiered in NYC.
1930 Apr 18, Clive Revill,
actor (Legend of Hell House), was born in Wellington, NZ.
1930 Apr 20, Charles (d.1974)
and Anne Lindbergh (d.2001 at 94) set a transcontinental speed
record flying from Los Angeles to New York in 14 hours and 45
minutes. Anne was 7 months pregnant. [see Jan 20]
(SFC, 2/8/01, p.C2)
1930 Apr 21, Margaret Rose,
Princess of York, was born in London, England.
1930 Apr 21, Silvana Mangano,
actress (Death in Venice, Barabbas), was born in Rome, Italy.
1930 Apr 21, In Columbus, Ohio,
322 people were killed at the Ohio Penitentiary after a fire started
on scaffolding. Most died of smoke inhalation when breakdown in
command kept guards from unlocking cell doors. This was the worst
prison fire in US history.
1930 Apr 21, Robert S. Bridges
(85), poet laureate (Testament of beauty), died.
1930 Apr 22, The United States,
Britain and Japan signed the London Naval Treaty, which regulated
submarine warfare and limited shipbuilding. The London Naval
Conference met in Europe and agreed to shrink the world’s navies.
(TMC, 1994, p.1930)(AP, 4/22/97)
1930 Apr 25, Dotty Mack,
actress (Paul Dixon Show), was born in Cincinnati, Ohio.
1930 Apr 25, Paul Mazursky, US
writer, director (Moscow on the Hudson), was born.
1930 Apr 28, James Baker III
was born. He became Secretary of Treasury (1985-88) for President
Ronald Reagan, and Secretary of State (1989-1992) for President
1930 Apr 28, The first night
organized baseball game was played in Independence, Kansas.
1930 Apr 28, Astronomers at
California’s Lick Observatory recorded a solar eclipse.
(SFC, 4/22/05, p.F3)
1930 Apr 29, The film "All
Quiet on the Western Front," based on Erich Maria Remarque's novel
"Im Western Nichts Neues," premiered.
1930 Apr 29, Telephone
connection England-Australia went into service.
1930 Apr 30, The Soviet Union
proposed military alliance with France and Great Britain.
1930 May 1, Anton J. Anderson,
a Sausalito fisherman, returned to port in SF, Ca., towing 2 boats
and carrying the bodies of Allen Curry (29), a deputy fish and game
warden, and James Burke (48), a former game warden. Anderson himself
was wounded and explained that he had shot the 2 men in self defense
after they tried to confiscate his nets. Anderson was not indicted
and returned to fishing. He died mysteriously 3 years later off the
(SSFC, 8/17/08, DB p.58)
1930 May 1, Pluto was first
publicly announced as the name of a newly discovered
planet. Venetia Phair (11) had suggested the name to her
grandfather, librarian Falconer Madan, who relayed the suggestion to
his friend Herbert Hall Turner, professor of astronomy at Oxford.
Madan rewarded Phair (1919-2009) with a five-pound note. The same
purchasing power in 2009 would be about 230 pounds, or $350.
1930 May 4, Roberta Peters,
operatic soprano (NY Met), was born in NYC.
1930 May 4, Mahatma Gandhi was
arrested by the British.
1930 May 5, In Chicago the
Merchandise Mart opened as the world's largest building. The
building spans two city blocks and encompasses more than 4 million
square feet. It is sometimes called the country's first
1930 May 8, Gary Snyder, beat
poet, was born.
1930 May 8, The Richfield Oil
Company tanker Richfield wrecked on the rocks off Point Reyes, Ca.,
with a cargo or 25,000 gallons of high-test gasoline.
(SFC, 5/6/05, p.F3)
1930 May 10, The 1st US
planetarium opened in Chicago.
1930 May 10, Publisher Edward
Stratemeyer (b.1862) died in Newark, NJ. He launched the
Hardy Boys book series along with Nancy Drew. Leslie McFarlane wrote
26 of the Hardy Boy books. In 1999 Carole Kismaric and Marvin
Heiferman published "The Mysterious Case of Nancy Drew and the Hardy
Boys," a history of the series. Mildred Augustine Wirt Benson wrote
the 1st 23 Nancy Drew books.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Stratemeyer)(SFEC, 3/28/99, BR
1930 May 11, Stanley Elkin,
author (George Mills), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
(HN, 5/11/02)(MC, 5/11/02)
1930 May 12, A Pulitzer prize
was awarded to Marc Connelly (Green Pastures).
1930 May 13, A farmer was
killed in a hailstorm near Lubbock, Texas. His death became the only
US death officially attributed to hail.
(SFC, 5/13/09, p.D8)
1930 May 13, Fridtjof Nansen
(68), Norwegian Arctic explorer (1893-1896), died in Oslo.
(ON, 7/05, p.5)
1930 May 15, Jasper Johns, Jr.,
painter, leader of the Pop Art movement, was born in Augusta, Ga. He
grew up in South Carolina.
1930 May 15, Ellen Church, the
first airline stewardess, went on duty aboard an Oakland-to-Chicago
flight operated by Boeing Air Transport, a forerunner of United
(HN, 5/15/98)(AP, 5/15/07)
1930 May 17, Herbert Croly
(b.1869), American liberal political author, died. His books
included “The Promise of American Life" (1909).
1930 May 20, University of
California dedicated $1,500 to research on the prevention and cure
of athlete's foot.
1930 May 20, The first
airplane, piloted by Charles Nicholson, was catapulted from a
(HN, 5/20/98)(MC, 5/20/02)
1930 May 24, Amy Johnson became
the first woman to fly from England to Australia.
1930 May 26, US Supreme Court
ruled that buying liquor does not violate the Constitution.
1930 May 27, Richard Drew
invented masking tape.
1930 May 31, Clint Eastwood,
actor and director, was born was born in SF and went to high school
in Oakland. He became famous for his "Dirty Harry" films and
"Spaghetti Westerns." A biography: "Clint Eastwood," by Richard
Schickel was published in 1996 and made into a TV documentary in
(SFC,10/31/97, p.C7)(HN, 5/31/98)(HN, 5/31/99)
1930 Jun 2, Charles Conrad
(d.1999), astronaut, was born in Philadelphia. He walked on the moon
during the Apollo XII mission in 1969.
(SFC, 7/9/99, p.A6)
1930 Jun 2, Sarah Dickson
became the 1st woman Presbyterian elder in US in Cincinnati.
1930 Jun 6, A
Chronicle-Universal talkie newsreel was shown at the Marion Davies
and Embassy Theaters as well as motion-picture houses throughout
Northern California and Nevada.
(SFC, 6/3/05, p.F6)
1930 Jun 6, Frozen foods were
sold commercially for the first time.
1930 Jun 7, NY Times agrees to
capitalize the n in "Negro."
1930 Jun 11, William Beebe, of
the New York Zoological Society, in a diving chamber called a
bathysphere, dived to a record-setting depth of 1,426 feet off the
coast of Bermuda.
1930 Jun 17, Pres. Hoover
signed the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Bill, placing the highest tariff on
imports to the U.S. It was sponsored by Willis Hawley, a congressman
from Oregon, and Reed Smoot, a senator from Utah. An international
trade war began with the US passage of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act.
Foreign countries retaliated. Many economists blame Smoot-Hawley for
deepening the depression. It reflected the "Protectionism" of the
(WSJ, 7/1/96, p.A11)(HN, 6/17/98)(WSJ, 1/11/99,
p.R50)(WSJ, 2/3/04, p.A12)
1930 Jun 22, A son was born to
Charles and Anne Murrow Lindbergh.
1930 Jun 23, The US Coast Guard
Cutter Tingard captured the trawler “5048" also known as the Dora,
and confiscated 400 cases of imported whiskey in Drake’s Bay, Marin,
(SFC, 6/17/05, p.F5)
1930 Jun 24, Claude Chabrol,
French film director (The Cousins, Madame Bovary), was born.
1930 Jun 24, The 1st radar
detection of planes was made at Anacostia, DC.
1930 Jun 27, H. Ross Perot,
Texas billionaire, was born.
1930 Jun 27, P. Parchomenko
discovered asteroid #1166, Sakuntala.
1930 Jun 29, Oriana Fallaci,
Italian journalist, was born.
1930 Jun 30, France pulled its
troops out of Germany’s Rhineland.
1930 Jun 30, Lithuania held its
3rd national Song Festival with 200 choirs and 9000 singers to
commemorate the 500th anniversary of the death of Vytautas the
1930 Jul 2, Carlos Menem,
president of Argentina (1989-1999), was born. He had Muslim ancestry
and ties to the Syrian-Lebanese community.
(WP, 6/29/96, p.A20)(SFC, 7/22/02, p.A6)
1930 Jul 3, Carlos Kleiber
(d.2004), conductor (Bavarian State Orchestra), was born in Berlin,
(SFC, 7/19/04, p.B6)
1930 Jul 3, Congress created
the U.S. Veterans Administration. [see Jul 21]
1930 Jul 4, George
Steinbrenner, (George Michael Steinbrenner, III) businessman and
baseball executive, was born in Rocky River, Ohio. He became the
principal owner of the New York Yankees baseball team (1973-90);
ordered by the Commissioner of Baseball to give up active management
of the Yankee franchise for alleged association with gamblers; he is
now back in control; known for firing one Yankee manager after
(IB, Internet, 12/7/98)
1930 Jul 7, Construction began
on Boulder Dam on the Colorado River. It is now known as Hoover Dam.
Paul Wattis was an executive with Utah Construction and Mining, a
family business that built the Boulder Dam. Bechtel was one of 6
companies that built the dam. Some 5,000 workers built the project.
(AP, 7/7/97)(SFEC,11/30/97, p.C13)(SFC, 1/16/98,
p.E2)(SFEC, 5/10/98, DB p.64)
1930 Jul 7, Arthur Conan Doyle
(b.1859), British novelist, died. His work included 4 Sherlock
Holmes mystery novels and 56 short stories about Holmes. Doyle was
an eye doctor. In 1999 Daniel Stashower published "Teller of Tales:
The Life of Arthur Conan Doyle." In 2007 Andrew Lycett authored
“Conan Doyle: The Man who Created Sherlock Holmes."
(SFEC, 6/13/99, Par
p.12)(www.sherlockian.net/acd/)(ON, 3/06, p.12)(Econ, 10/6/07, p.98)
1930 Jul 13, David Sarnoff
reported in NY Times that "TV would be a theater in every home."
1930 Jul 17, A natural gas
explosion in the Mitchell ravine tunnel of the Hetch Hetchy water
project in California killed 12 men. 35 other workers quit charging
that carelessness and lack of equipment was responsible for the
(SFC, 7/15/05, p.F6)
1930 Jul 18, American Sugar
Refining Company, American Tobacco B, Atlantic Refining, General
Railway Signal, Goodrich, Nash Motors and Curtiss-Wright were
removed as components of the Dow Jones. Borden, Eastman Kodak,
Goodyear, Ligget & Myers, Standard Oil of California, United Air
Transport and Hudson Motor were added to the DJIA.
(WSJ, 4/2/04, p.C1)(WSJ, 4/8/04, p.C4)
1930 Jul 21, President Herbert
Hoover signed an executive order establishing the Veterans
1930 Jul 23, Earthquake struck
Ariano, Italy, and some 1,500 were killed.
1930 Jul 25, Maureen Forrester,
contralto (Resurrection Symphony), was born in Montreal, Canada.
1930 Jul 27, David Hughes,
English novelist (The Horsehair Sofa, The Man Who Invented
Tomorrow), was born.
1930 Jul 28, Darryl Hickman,
actor (Human Comedy, Tea & Sympathy), was born in Hollywood,
1930 Jul 28, 114° F (46° C) at
Greensburg, Kentucky, was a state record.
1930 Jul 29, Paul Taylor,
choreographer and dancer, was born.
1930 Jul 29, The US Coast Guard
towed the Canadian rum-runner Ray Roberts into SF with a cargo of
1,050 cases of whiskey.
(SFC, 7/29/05, p.F7)
1930 Jul 30, American Tobacco
Class B was removed as a component of the Dow Jones.
(WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)
1930 Aug 3, James Komack,
writer, director, actor (Courtship of Eddie's Father), was born in
1930 Aug 4, Michael Cullen
introduced King Kullen in Queens, NYC, the 1st US supermarket.
(SFC, 8/4/05, p.C1)
1930 Aug 4, Siegfried Wagner
(61), German opera composer and son of Richard Wagner, died.
1930 Aug 5, Neil Armstrong, the
first man to walk on the moon, was born in Ohio.
1930 Aug 5, It was reported
that Pres. Herbert Hoover had promoted Gen. Douglas MacArthur to
Chief of Army staff.
(SFC, 8/5/05, p.F4)
1930 Aug 6, In NYC state
Supreme Court Judge Joseph Force Crater (b.1889) dined at a West
45th Street steakhouse with a group of friends that included a
showgirl. Crater had earlier withdrawn $5,150 from a pair of bank
accounts. He was last seen at 9:15 p.m., climbing into the cab.
Crater had been recently appointed by Gov. Franklin Roosevelt to the
NY Supreme Court. In 2004 Richard J. Tofel authored “Vanishing
Point," an account of Tammany Hall and Crater’s disappearance. The
1947 film “The Judge Steps Out," starring Alexander Knox, was
inspired by the case. Evidence in 2005 suggested that several men
killed the judge and buried him under the Coney Island Boardwalk in
Brooklyn. [see Sep 1]
1930 Aug 7, In Marion, Indiana,
a mob broke into a jail and beat to death 2 young black men and hung
them from a tree in the courthouse square. Tommy Shipp and Abe Smith
and a 3rd teenager had just been arrested for a botched robbery that
left Claude Deeter, a white man, dead. James Cameron (16) was saved
from hanging, even as a noose was on his neck. In 2006 Cynthia Carr
authored “Our Town: A Heartland Lynching, a Haunted Town and the
Hidden History of White America."
(SSFC, 3/26/06, p.M3)
1930 Aug 7, James D. Phelan
(1897-1901), former 3-time mayor of SF, died. In 1914 he was elected
and served a single term in the US Senate. His unsuccessful 1920
reelection campaign used the slogan "Keep California White."
(SFC, 11/7/00, p.A15)(SFC, 8/5/05, p.F4)
1930 Aug 9, A forerunner of the
cartoon character Betty Boop made her debut in Max Fleischer’s
animated short "Dizzy Dishes."
1930 Aug 13, Captain Frank M.
Hawks, superintendent of the Aviation Division of Texaco, flew a
red-and-white Travel Air monoplane from Los Angeles to New York in
12 hours, 25 minutes and 3 seconds. According to Hawks’ own widely
publicized account, the Travel Air performed flawlessly, with an
average airspeed of 215 mph. Hawks made three 15-minute refueling
stops during the 2,510-mile journey. He battled a rainstorm,
crosswinds, hunger and a thick haze that made "the ground barely
visible at 8,000 feet," but reached New York City in time for
1930 Aug 16, Ted Hughes,
English poet, was born.
1930 Aug 16, Rafael Leonidas
Trujillo (b.1891), an American-trained National Guard general, began
ruling as dictator of the Dominican Republic and continued to 1961,
when he was assassinated.
1930 Aug 17, The Matson liner
Ventura rescued all 317 passengers and crew of the liner Tahiti,
which had burst a bulkhead 2 days earlier. The Tahiti was abandoned
in the South Pacific.
(SFC, 8/12/05, p.F3)
1930 Aug 18, Eastern Airlines
began passenger service.
1930 Aug 21, Princess Margaret
Rose (d.2002), sister to Elizabeth, was born to King George VI and
Queen Elizabeth at Glamis Castle, Scotland.
(WSJ, 8/10/00, p.A16)(SSFC, 2/10/02, p.A12)
1930 Aug 25, Sean Connery,
Scottish actor famous for playing the character James Bond in the
Ian Flemming movie series, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. Connery
is well noted actor as James Bond in many of the Bond movies.
He has acted in more serious film roles since retiring from the 007
series which won him great accolades including an Oscar (Academy
Award-winning actor: The Untouchables ; The Rock, First
Knight, The Hunt for Red October, Highlander, Rising Sun,
Outland, The Longest Day; "Bond. James Bond.": Dr. No, From
Russia with Love, Goldfinger, Thunderball, You Only Live
Twice, Diamonds are Forever)
(HN, 8/25/98)(MC, 8/25/02)
1930 Aug 25, Max Baer
(1909-1959) knocked out Frankie Campbell in the 5th round of a
boxing match in San Francisco. Campbell died and Baer was jailed,
but then cleared by a grand jury.
(SFC, 8/25/05, p.B1)
1930 Aug 25, Siegfried Wagner
(61), conductor, composer, son of Richard Wagner, died.
1930 Aug 26, Lon Chaney (47),
actor (Thunder, Big City, Unholy 3), died.
1930 Aug 28, Ben Gazzara, U.S.
actor, was born. On stage he appeared in "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof''
and was best known for his roles in the films "Anatomy of a Murder''
1930 Sep 1, NY World reported
the disappearance of Supreme Court Justice Joseph Crater. He was
last seen leaving a restaurant on August 6, 1930 and entering a
taxi. Crater was officially declared dead “in abstentia" in 1939,
and his case, Missing Persons File No 13595, was officially closed
1930 Sep 2, The first non-stop
airplane flight from Europe to the US was completed as Captain
Dieudonne Coste and Maurice Bellonte of France arrived in Valley
Stream, New York, aboard a Breguet biplane. The plane was known as
"The Question Mark" because it bore a large question mark, instead
of a name, on each side.
1930 Sep 3, In the Dominican
Republic a hurricane killed 2,000 and injured 4,000.
1930 Sep 6, In Argentina a
military coup took place. It involved the overthrow of the
government of Hipolito Yrigoyen by forces loyal to General Jose
(Econ, 2/15/14, p.20)
1930 Sep 7, Sonny Rollins,
saxophonist, was born.
1930 Sep 8, Cartoonist Murat
"Chic" Young (d.1973) introduced the cartoon strip "Blondie." In
2005 it was written seven days a week by his son, Dean, who took
over when his father died, and artist Denis Lebrun.
(AP, 9/8/99)(AP, 7/17/05)
1930 Sep 8, NYC public schools
began teaching Hebrew.
1930 Sep 8, Richard Drew
created Scotch tape.
1930 Sep 11, The Stromboli
volcano off Sicily threw 2-ton basaltic rocks 2 miles.
1930 Sep 14, Allan Bloom,
writer, was born. His work included "The Closing of the American
1930 Sep 14, Nazis took 107
seats in German elections.
1930 Sep 17, The Daily
Illustrated Times of Chicago said that warrants had been issued for
the arrest of 26 men named as public enemies. They included Alphonse
“Scarface" Capone, Tony “Mops" Volpe, “Machine Gun Jack" McGurn,
George “Bugs" Moran, Edward “Spike" O’Donnell, William “Klondike"
O’Donnell, George “Red" Barker, and William “Three-fingers" White.
(SFC, 9/16/05, p.F6)
1930 Sep 21, Johann Ostermeyer
patented the flashbulb.
1930 Sep 23, Ray Charles
(d.2004), rhythm ‘n’ blues piano player and singer best known for
"Hit the Road Jack" and "Georgia on My Mind" was born in Albany,
Georgia. Stuart Gorrell wrote the lyrics for the hit song "Georgia
on My Mind" in 1930 with music by Hoagy Carmichael. It was declared
the state song of Georgia on April 24, 1979.
(HN, 9/23/98)(WSJ, 2/2/00,
1930 Sep 24, G. Kaufman &
M. Hart's "Once in a Lifetime," premiered in NY.
1930 Sep 24, Noel Coward's
comedy "Private Lives" opened in London starring Gertrude Lawrence
and Coward himself.
1930 Sep 26, Fritz Wunderlich,
tenor (Stuttgart 1955-58), was born in Kusel, Germany.
1930 Sep 27, Igor Kipnis,
harpsichordist and professor (Fairfield), was born in Berlin,
1930 Sep 29, Ilya Repin
(b.1944), Ukrainian born Russian artist and sculptor, died.
1930 Sep 30, "Death Valley
Days" became one of radio's biggest hits.
1930 Oct 1, Philippe Noiret,
actor (Soleil, Les Milles, Il Postino), was born in Lille, France.
1930 Oct 4, In Bulgaria King
Boris Cobourgh-Gotha III married Giovanna of Savoy, the daughter of
Vittorio Emanuele, the former king. Queen Joanna died in 2000 at age
(SFC, 2/29/00, p.A19)
1930 Oct 8, Paul Hogan,
Australian actor (Crocodile Dundee, Lightning Jack), was born.
1930 Oct 8, The Philadelphia
Athletes defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 7-1 to win the World
1930 Oct 9, Laura Ingalls
became the first woman to fly across the United States as she
completed a nine-stop journey from Roosevelt Field in New York to
1930 Oct 10, Harold Pinter,
British playwright (Homecoming, Servant), was born.
(HN, 10/10/98)(MC, 10/10/01)
1930 Oct 13, Shafik Handal,
later head of the Salvadoran left, was born to immigrant Palestinian
parents from Bethlehem in the city of Usulutan, El Salvador.
1930 Oct 13, New German
Reichstag opened with 107 Nazi Party members in uniform.
1930 Oct 14, Robert Parker, US
saxophonist and soul singer (Barefootin'), was born.
1930 Oct 14, Singer Ethel
Merman stuns the audience when she held a high C for sixteen bars
while singing "I Got Rhythm" during her Broadway debut in Gershwin's
1930 Oct 16, Dan Pagis,
Romanian-born Israeli poet, was born.
1930 Oct 17, Jimmy Breslin,
columnist and novelist (NY Post, News, Newsday), was born in Queens,
(HN, 10/17/00)(MC, 10/17/01)
1930 Oct 20, A British White
Paper restricted Jews from buying Arab land.
1930 Oct 22, The 1st concert of
BBC Symphony Orchestra was led by Adrian Boult.
1930 Oct 31, Michael Collins,
U.S. astronaut, was born.
1930 Nov 1, Albert Ramsdell
Gurney, American playwright, was born. His work included "Love
Letters" and "The Dining Room."
1930 Nov 2, Haile Selassie was
crowned emperor of Ethiopia. His coronation was taken as a sign by
Jamaicans, who became known as Rastafarians, from the term Ras
Tafari, a title held by Selassie. Ras Tafari crowned Haile Selassie
I, 225th emperor of Solmonic Dynasty.
(AP, 11/2/97)(SFC, 12/4/00,
1930 Nov 3, Getulio Vargas
(1883-1954) seized power in Brazil on the grounds of election fraud.
He soon put a moratorium on pension payments. From 1930-1934, he was
provisional president and dictator. From 1934-1937, he was
congressionally elected president. From 1937-1945, he was dictator
with the backing of the revolutionary coalition. From 1951 to 1954,
he was popularly elected president.
1930 Nov 4, In SF George
Christopher defeated Democrat George Reilly for mayor and went on to
serve 2 terms. Voters also approved a $35 million bond issue to
build the Golden Gate Bridge.
(SFC, 9/15/00, p.A19)(SFC, 11/4/05, p.F6)
1930 Nov 4, New York reelected
Gov. Franklin Delano Roosevelt by a landslide.
1930 Nov 5, A 2nd Academy
Awards banquet was held in Los Angeles at the Cocoanut Grove
nightclub in the Ambassador Hotel. The awards were given for movies
made between 1 August 1929 and 31 July 1930.
1930 Nov 5, Sinclair Lewis
(1885-1951) became the first American to win a Nobel Prize in
Literature for his 1922 novel "Babbit."
(TMC, 1994, p.1930)(HNQ, 5/18/98)
1930 Nov 7, Stock prices fell
to new lows on the SF Stock Exchange.
(SFC, 11/4/05, p.F6)
1930 Nov 7, In California a
band of 6 gunmen, using machine guns and dynamite, stopped an
eastbound train in Alameda County and escaped with $60,000 from a
(SFC, 11/4/05, p.F6)
1930 Nov 10, Some 600 men were
put to work on 10 public projects in SF. They were to work 3 days a
week for a month at $5 per day to relieve unemployment.
(SFC, 11/4/05, p.F6)
1930 Nov 13, In California the
Fresno Bee reported that Al Capone, Chicago gangland leader, had
banned the sale of grape juice concentrates in Chicago. The order
was said to be a warning to California grape farmers that they need
his approval to sell their products in certain markets.
(SFC, 11/11/05, p.F7)
1930 Nov 14, Edward H White II,
San Antonio Texas, Lt Col USAF, astronaut (Gemini 4), was born.
1930 Nov 14, Right-wing
militarists attempted to assassinate Japanese Premier Hamagushi.
1930 Nov 15, Madrid was
paralyzed by general strikes and riots.
1930 Nov 16, Chinua Achebe,
Nigerian novelist and poet, was born.
1930 Nov 17, Musical "Sweet
& Low" with Fanny Brice premiered in NYC.
1930 Nov 18, The musical
"Smiles" with Bob Hope and Fred Astaire premiered in NYC.
1930 Nov 19, Bob Mathias,
decathlon athlete (Olympics-gold-48), was born in Tulare, Calif.
1930 Nov 21, In Indonesia lava
began flowing as the Mount Merapi volcano erupted. 13 villages were
destroyed and some 1369 people were killed by pyroclastic flows.
1930 Nov 22, Peter Hall,
British stage, film and opera director (Pedestrian), was born.
1930 Nov 22, Elijah Muhammad
formed the Nation of Islam in Detroit.
1930 Nov 25, Earthquake killed
187 in Shizouka, Japan.
1930 Nov 28, Howard Hanson's
2nd Symphony "Romantic," premiered.
1930 Nov 30, George Gordon
Liddy, head CIA, Watergate felon, radio host, was born.
1930 Nov, Alfred Wegener (50),
German scientist and main proponent of the continental drift theory,
was killed while on an expedition in Greenland.
(DD-EVTT, p.190)(ON, 9/04, p.9)
1930 Dec 3, Andy Williams,
singer (Moon River, Andy Williams Show), was born in Wall Lake,
1930 Dec 4, Vatican approved
the rhythm method for birth control.
1930 Dec 8, Maximilian Schell,
Austrian actor and director (Odessa File, Julia), was born.
1930 Dec 8, Cole Porter's
musical "NYCers," premiered in NYC.
1930 Dec 8, In San Francisco
Rosetta Baker, a wealthy widow with a taste for younger men, was
found strangled in her California St. apartment. Liu Fook, her
butler (63) and a secret opium addict, was suspected but found
innocent at trial.
(SSFC, 6/2/02, p.D3)(SFC, 2/17/09, p.A11)
1930 Dec 9, Buck Henry,
screenwriter and comedian (SNL, Get Smart), was born in NYC.
1930 Dec 10, Lady aviator Ruth
Nichols set a new women's record for coast to coast flight,
traveling from Los Angeles to New York in 13 hours 22 minutes.
(NY Times, 11/12/1930, p.1)
1930 Dec 11, As the economic
crises grew, the Bank of the U.S. closed its doors.
1930 Dec 12, Last Allied troops
left the Saar.
1930 Dec 12, Revolution began
in Spain as rebels took a border town.
1930 Dec 16, In Spain, a
general strike was called in support of the revolution.
1930 Dec 20, Thousands of
Spaniards signed a revolutionary manifesto.
1930 Dec 24, Eduard David (67),
German minister (constitution of Weimar), died.
1930 Dec 25, Theodor Noldeke
(b.1836), German professor, died in Karlsruhe, Germany. He is
generally recognized as the father of Western Qur'anic criticism. In
1857 a Paris academy offered a prize for the best critical history
of the Quran and Noldeke won.
1930 Dec 29, Fred P. Newton
completed the longest swim ever (1826 miles), when he swam the
Mississippi River from Ford Dam, Minn, to New Orleans.
1930 Dec 30, In Russia the
Industrial Party trial came to a conclusion. The tribunal accused a
group of Soviet engineers and economists of forming the “Industrial
Party," which in collusion with France had supposedly plotted
against the Bolshevik government. The entire case was fabricated.
1930 Dec 31, Odetta, [Holmes],
folk singer (Sanctuary), was born in Birmingham, Ala.
1930 Dec 31, Pontifical
encyclical Casti connubial was against mixed marriages.
1930 Dec 31, US tobacco
industry produced 123 billion cigarettes in this year.
1930 Dec 31, Brewery heir
Adolphus Busch was kidnapped.
1930 Stephen Sondheim, composer
and lyricist, was born. In 1998 Meryle Secrest published "Stephen
Sondheim: A Life."
(SFEC, 5/31/98, BR p.1,6)
1930 Jasper Johns, artist, was
born. He is credited with being the originator of pop art.
(SFC, 10/29/96, p.F1)(SFEC, 12/1/96, BR p.4)
1930 George Soros, billionaire,
was born in Budapest. In 1996 he set up a $50 million fund to help
Bosnia and created Project on Death in America to improve the
awareness and care of the terminally ill.
(SFC, 10/1/96, p.A1)
1930 John Steuart Curry,
American artist, painted "Hogs Killing a Snake (Hogs Killing a
(SFC, 6/13/98, p.E1)
1930 Edward Hopper painted
"Early Sunday Morning."
(WSJ, 4/9/98, p.A21)
1930 Picasso painted "Seated
Bather," a picture of his wife seated on the beach like a kind of
(WSJ, 4/26/96, p.A-13)
1930 Gino Severini, Italian
artist, published Fleurs et Masques in London.
(SFEM, 2/1/98, p.6)
1930 Tchelichew, a Russian
artist, painted a pastel of a beautiful, muscular dancer. For years
it was kept by writer Julien Green in Paris.
(SFEC, 9/6/98, BR p.2)
1930 Adolf Wolfli (66), Swiss
outsider artist, died. He had been consigned to the Bern psychiatric
hospital from age 30 to his death. He created thousands of drawings
and 45 large illustrated books. Elka Spoerri (d.2002 at 77), art
historian, deciphered and transcribed much of his work.
(SFC, 6/15/02, p.A19)
1930 Grant Wood, American
painter, completed his "American Gothic." His sister and a Cedar
Rapids, Iowa dentist were his models. It is at the Art Institute of
Chicago. Wood’s biography, "Artist in Overalls: The Life of Grant
Wood" by John Duggleby, was published in 1996. He also painted
"Dinner for Threshers" now at the de Young Museum in SF.
(T&L, 10/80, p. 58)(SFC, 6/9/96, DB
p.11)(WSJ, 11/5/96, p.A20)
1930 Mildred Augustine Wirt
Benson (1906-2002), newspaperwoman, authored "The Secret of the Old
Clock," the 1st Nancy Drew children’s mystery. She wrote under the
pseudonym Carolyn Keene.
(WSJ, 5/30/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/31/02, p.A13)(SFC,
c1930 Winston Churchill
authored his autobiography "My Early Life."
(WSJ, 12/29/99, p.A12)
1930 Mary Ware Dennett wrote:
"The Sex Side of Life: An Explanation for Young People." It was
found on appeal not to be obscene under the 1873 Comstock Act.
(WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A20)(SFEM, 6/28/98, p.39)
1930 Albert Einstein wrote
"Religion and Science."
(WSJ, 6/22/99, p.A22)
1930 Freud published his
"Civilization and Its Discontents." Here he developed his ideas of
1915 and added that men are: "on the contrary, creatures among whose
instinctual endowments is to be reckoned a powerful share of
aggressiveness. Homo homini lupus (Man is a wolf to man).
1930 English economist John
Maynard Keynes authored “Economic Possibilities for our
Grandchildren." He predicted that growing wealth would bring ever
(Econ, 8/3/13, p.48)
1930 Vladimir Nabakov
(1899-1977), Russian writer, authored “The Defence," his 3rd novel,
written during his emigration to Berlin.
1930 Evelyn Waugh (1903-1966),
English writer, authored his novel “Vile Bodies."
(WSJ, 1/10/09, p.W8)
1930 Ales Hrdlicka published
his "Skeletal Remains of Early Man." It is still the fullest and
most detailed descriptive, historical account that has been written
on the subject.
c1930 "The Secret Museum of
Mankind," a pastiche of world exotica from postcards and doctored
National Geographic photographs was published.
(NH, 6/97, p.65)
1930 Dawn Powell wrote her
novel "Dance Night."
(WSJ, 10/19/98, p.A24)
1930 The first "Savoy Cocktail
Book" was published. It was called the Holy Writ of the drinks
(WSJ, 1/22/99, p.W8)
1930 Moss Hart, American
playwright and librettist, wrote "Once in a Lifetime," a
collaboration with George S. Kaufman. It was called the mother of
all Hollywood satires.
(WUD, 1994, p.648)(SFEC, 7/13/97, DB p.11)(WSJ,
1930 The first cartoon with
sound featured Felix the Cat.
(SFEC, 11/3/96, Z1 p.2)
1930 “Sinkin’ in the Bathtub."
the first cartoon in the Looney Tunes series, debuted.
(WSJ, 6/28/08, p.W6)
1930 Film director Raoul Walsh
changed the name of actor Marion Robert Morrison (1907-1979)
to John Wayne, after colonial general “Mad Anthony" Wayne.
(AH, 6/07, p.13)(www.johnwayne.com/)
1930 "La Dolorosa," a zarzuela
or Spanish type of operetta, was written. It was performed in 1996
at the new Jarvis Conservatory in Napa, California.
(WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A12)
1930 The opera "Transatlantic"
by George Antheil had its premiere in Frankfurt 10 months after Kurt
(WSJ, 4/23/98, p.A16)
1930 Don Azpiazu, Cuban
musician, recorded "El Manicero," (The Peanut Vendor).
(SFEC, 9/19/99, DB p.37)
1930 Aaron Copland composed his
(WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A20)
1930 Richard Strauss recomposed
Mozart’s opera "Idomeneo."
(WSJ, 8/11/98, p.A16)
1930 John O. Williams
(1905-1996), jazz saxophonist and composer, wrote "Froggy Bottom."
It was used in the 1996 score for the film "Kansas City."
(SFC, 12/2/96, p.D2)
1930 Boosey & Hawkes, a
music publisher, was founded with the merger of two well-established
English family businesses - Boosey & Company and Hawkes &
Son. In 2007 Helen Wallace authored “Boosey & Hawkes: The
1930 In San Francisco the
3-storey Roosevelt Middle School, designed by Miller & Pflueger
in the Dutch Expressionist style, was built at 460 Arguello.
(SSFC, 5/10/09, p.B2)
1930 In San Francisco a
28-storey tower, designed by Miller and Pflueger and Lewis Hobart,
was built at 100 McAllister St. It opened as a hotel atop a church.
The federal government used it for offices during WWII. As of 2009
it contained apartments for UC Hastings Law College.
(SSFC, 6/21/09, p.B2)
1930 The 29-storey Shell Oil
Building was constructed in 300 days at the Bush, Battery and Market
St. corner in San Francisco.
(SFEC, 1/5/97, BR p.4)
1930 In San Francisco the
19-storey Cathedral Apartments, a residential tower designed by
Weeks and Day, was built at 1201 California St.
(SSFC, 5/9/10, p.C2)
1930 In San Francisco the
6-storey building at 130 Montgomery St. was completed. The Art
Moderne style was by architects O’Brien Bros. and Wilbur Peugh.
(SSFC, 10/14/12, p.C4)
1930 In Oakland, Ca., the Ninth
Avenue Terminal building was built. It was doubled in size to
180,000-square-feet in 1951.
(SFC, 3/16/07, p.B5)
1930 The world’s first
international automobile tunnel connecting Detroit and Windsor,
Canada, was constructed.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1930 The Fashion Group Int’l.
was founded to help women advance as executives in the fashion
industry. In 1997 the organization was opened to men.
(WSJ, 1/28/97, p.A1)
1930 The Reinisch Rose Garden
was built in Topeka, Kansas. It is one of the largest municipally
owned Rose Gardens in the US with 18,000 rose bushes and 100
(Dunlap Postcard, Omaha Ne., 1965)
1930 Cardinal Robert Bellarmine
(1542-1621) was canonized as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church.
It was he who denied Galileo’s astronomical observations and
mathematical proofs concerning the earth's rotation around the sun.
1930 The Legion of Decency,
under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Church, threatened to
boycott the movie industry if moral standards were not imposed. This
led to the Motion Picture Production Code of 1930, but enforcement
only began in 1934. The code led to the end of the film career of
William Haines, a gay actor, who refused to comply. His story is
told in the 1998 book: "Wisecracker: The Life and Times of William
Haines, Hollywood’s First Openly Gay Star" by William J. Mann.
(SFEC, 2/8/98, BR p.4,8)(AH, 2/05, p.47)
1930 Writers Lillian Hellman
and Dashiel Hammett met in Hollywood. Their story is told by Joan
Mellon in her book "Hellman and Hammett."
(SFC, 6/16/96, BR p.1,7)
1930 The World Calendar
association proposed a new calendar. It was suggested that one day
per year and two days in leap year be of no month and no week and be
placed half way and full way in the year. Also the months would be
in triads of 31-30-30 days.
1930 The Kellogg Foundation was
established. In 1997 it held $6 billion in assets.
(WSJ, 1/27/97, p.A1)
1930 In New Jersey the
Institute for Advanced Study was founded in Princeton to promote
research and scholarship across many fields.
(Wired, 2/98, p.176)
1930 In Virginia the Mariner’s
Museum opened in Newport News.
(WSJ, 9/3/98, p.A20)
1930 James A. Dewar created
"Twinkies" when he used little baking pans with sponge cake and
filled them with cream.
(SFC, 3/24/00, p.B3)
1930 The USGA established
standards for the golf ball that included size, weight, initial
velocity, driver distance and symmetry.
(SFEC, 6/14/98, p.A12)
1930 A minor league baseball
game was played at night under lights for the first time.
(WSJ, 7/8/96, p.A8)
1930 Babe Ruth signed a
Baseball contract for $80,000.
(Hem., 4/97, p.105)
1930 George Herman "Babe"
Ruth‘s response when a reporter noted that his salary demand for the
1930 baseball season was more than President Hoover‘s salary of
$75,000 was "I know, but I had a better year than Hoover." Ruth‘s
salary in 1930 was a record for a professional baseball player,
$80,000 a year. Ruth, whose 1927 season record of 60 homeruns stood
until broken by Roger Maris in 1961 and whose all-time homerun
record of 714 stood until broken by Henry Aaron in 1974, had a
lifetime batting average of .342. Regarded as one of the game‘s
greatest players, the legendary Ruth was born in Baltimore in 1895.
By the age of 20 he was the top pitcher for the professional Boston
Red Sox but, because of his outstanding hitting ability, he was
transformed into an outfielder so he could play every day. Sold to
the New York Yankees in 1920, Ruth‘s hitting heroics drew huge
crowds and Yankee Stadium, which opened in 1923, is still known as
the "House That Ruth Built." Ruth left the Yankees in 1935 for the
Boston Braves, retiring shortly thereafter. He died in 1948.
(Hem., 4/97, p.105)(HNPD, 5/1/00)
1930 Russell Aubrey "Lena"
Blackburne, a coach for the Philadelphia Athletics, discovered that
ebb-tide mud from a tributary of the Delaware River near Palmyra,
NJ, provided a good coating for new baseballs making them easier to
(WSJ, 6/12/00, p.A1)
1930 Harlow P. Rothert (d.1997
at 89), a 3-letter Stanford Univ. student, broke the world shot-put
(SFC, 8/23/97, p.A20)
1930 The US government and a
private charity began a program in Macon Ct., Alabama, to test and
treat sharecroppers for syphilis. The program turned into a medical
experiment [1932-1972] when funds grew tight and developed into a
long term study under various government agencies and Tuskegee Inst.
Patients, 399 black men, under the study were denied real treatment
even after the wide availability of penicillin in the 1947. The
story was leaked in 1972 and survivors brought suit against the
government and settled out of court in 1975. The book "Bad Blood" by
James H. Jones told the story. The play "Miss Evers’ Boys" by Dr.
David Feldshuh was based on the events. In 1997 Pres. Clinton spoke
(WSJ, 2/24/97, p.A20)(WSJ, 5/16/97, p.A1)(SFC,
1930 The largest epidemic of
psittacosis (derived from the Greek word for parrot), a bacterial
disease in birds, occurred and affected 750-800 individuals. This
epidemic led to the isolation of C psittaci in several laboratories
in Europe and the US. An outbreak of psittacosis in the 1900s led to
a parrot ban in the US that lasted 60 years.
1930 US Congress passed the
first federal wilderness preservation law and set aside over 1
million acres in northern Minnesota as the Superior Primitive Area.
(SFEC, 8/29/99, Z1 p.6)
1930 The US Veteran’s
Administration was set up to care for those who had served in the
first world war.
(Econ, 3/18/17, p.23)
1930 The US census categorized
the population as "White, Negro, Chinese, Japanese, Indian and
1930 Over 1,300 banks failed in
the US this year.
(SFEC, 11/5/00, pen 2)
1930 Adam Goettl invented the
air cooler. The Goettl brothers began their adventure in 1926 in
Mansfield, Ohio. Several years later, the brothers Adam, John, and
Bill moved out west to Phoenix, Arizona, to seek opportunities
during the Great Depression. Hence, the Phoenix-based Goettl Air
Conditioning was founded and went on to become an internationally
known pioneer in the mass production of evaporative coolers and a
variety of other innovations in heating and cooling
1930 In San Francisco the
Independent Order of Foresters built a 3-storey Art Deco building,
designed by Harold Stoner, at 170 Valencia. In the 1970s it was
converted to a Baha’i temple.
(SSFC, 9/7/14, p.C2)
1930 The SF Bank of Italy
became the Bank of America. A.P. Giannini consolidated his banking
holdings into the Bank of America National Trust and Savings
Association under Transamerica’s control.
(SFC, 1/3/98, p.A19)(SFC, 4/14/98, p.B4)
1930 In San Francisco the
neoclassical bulkhead structure at Pier 15 was constructed. In 2013
the pier was reborn as the new $205-million Exploratorium science
museum with a 66-year lease.
(SSFC, 7/10/16, p.A12)
1930 In Oakland, Ca. the Leona
Heights Sulfur Mine ended operations. It had begun operating around
1900 to mine pyrite in the Oakland Hills for conversion to sulfuric
acid in Richmond. Rainwater later leached sulfur from the rocks and
contaminated Leona Creek, which fed into SF Bay.
(SFC, 2/22/14, p.A9)
1930 The northern California
Mount Tamalpais and Muir Woods railroad was abandoned.
(SFC, 8/17/96, p.A17)
1930 The Yosemite Park Service
began to build a small village in the valley for Yosemite Indians.
(SFEC, 5/18/97, Z1 p.4)
1930 In Kansas John Brinkley
(1885-1942) reacted to losing his medical and broadcast licenses by
launching a bid to become state governor, a political position that
would enable him to appoint his own members to the medical board and
thus regain his right to practice medicine in the state.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_R._Brinkley)(Econ, 9/13/14, p.40)
c1930 Turtle farming began in
Louisiana during the Depression when people were looking for new
ways to help make ends meet.
(WSJ, 5/30/96, p.B1)
1930 New Mexico’s Carlsbad
Caverns became a national park. Jim White, one of the 1st white
settlers to venture into the caves (1898), helped turn them into a
(SSFC, 6/20/04, p.D5)
1930 In Philadelphia, Pa.,
Pat’s King of Steak’s opened at Ninth and Passyunk Ave. They helped
make famous the Philadelphia cheese steak sandwich.
(SSFC, 9/17/06, p.G5)
1930 Dad Joiner discovered a
huge East Texas oil field.
(WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-9)
1930 Ocean Spray was founded by
3 cranberry growers. In 1963 it launched its juices.
(Econ, 12/18/04, p.123)
1930 Pioneer aviator Errol Boyd
flew to London, becoming the first pilot to cross the North Atlantic
outside the summer season. Erroll Boyd, born in Toronto in 1891,
flew for the first time in 1912 as a passenger with American
barnstormer Lincoln Beachey. Boyd enjoyed the experience so much
that he decided on a career in aviation. Taught by aviator John
Alcock during World War I, Boyd went on to a variety of jobs after
the war including songwriting and managing a car rental business.
However, Charles Lindbergh’s successful solo flight across the
Atlantic in May 1927 inspired Boyd to return to flying as a career.
1930 Thomas Midgely, Jr.,
General Motors Research chemist, invented CFC 11 and CFC 12. These
chlorofluorocarbons were extremely effective as refrigerants,
spray-can propellants, and foam-blowing agents. It was only later
discovered that they behaved as very inert green-house gases, and
contributed to ozone depletion. He was also the inventor of the
anti-knock agent tetraethyl lead.
(NOHY, Weiner, 3/90, p.45)
1930 Eastman Kodak founded a
plant to process cattle bones to maintain control over gel-making
for use in film.
(WSJ, 1/18/98, p.A1)
1930 Herman G. Fisher
(1898-1975) and Irving L. Price co-founded the Fisher-Price toy
company in East Aurora, NY. Quaker Oats Company acquired the firm in
1969. Mattel Inc. acquired Fisher-Price in 1993.
(www.hbs.edu/leadership/database/leaders/274/)(WSJ, 12/21/05, p.A8)
1930 Sir Frank Whittle, British
engineer, first patented the idea of a jet engine.
(SFC, 8/10/96, p.A20)
1930 Otto Warburg (1883-1970),
German physiologist and medical doctor, discovered that cancer cells
often rely on glycolysis. This came to be called the Warburg effect.
1930 Earnest O. Lawrence built
the first successful model of the cyclotron.
(NG, May 1985, J. Boslough, p. 637)
1930 A computer study in 2000
suggested that the AIDS virus was introduced to the human population
from chimp and monkey variants about this time.
(SFC, 2/2/00, p.A19)(SFC, 1/15/01, p.A11)
1930 In the US, the population
numbered 123 million.
(TMC, 1994, p.1930)
1930 A third of federal prison
inmates were liquor offenders.
(WSJ, 10/5/98, p.A28)
1930 Wallace H. Carothers, a
research chemist for Du Pont, invented nylon. He later committed
suicide before the nylon name was coined. Steven Fenichell later
authored "Plastic," a history of the material.
(WSJ, 1/11/98, p.R18)(SFEC, 6/25/00, Z1 p.2)
1930 Dr. Thomas Midgley, Jr.
(1889-1944), employed by General Motors, discovered
dichlorodifluoromethane, a chlorinated fluorocarbon (CFC), that he
named Freon. It proved ideal as a refrigerant and opened the way for
smaller and less expensive air conditioning units.
1930 Scotch tape was invented.
(SFC, 7/14/99, p.7)
1930 D.H. Lawrence died in the
south of France of tuberculosis.
(WSJ, 5/15/95, p. A-16)
1930 Lorna Moon, screenwriter
and author of the novel "Dark Star," died. The book was made into
the film "Min and Bill" that starred Marie Dressler and Wallace
Beery. It was later revealed that Moon was the mother of C.B.
DeMille’s adopted son Richard, fathered by DeMille’s brother
(TVM, 1975, p.376)(SFEC, 4/12/98, BR p.4)
1930 James D. Phelan, former
mayor of San Francisco (1897-1901), died. In 1914 he was elected and
served a single term in the US Senate. His unsuccessful 1920
campaign used the slogan "Keep California white.’
(SFC, 11/7/00, p.A15)
1930 Wolfgang Pauli, Austrian
physicist, proposed the neutrino to account for energy that appeared
to go missing in a type of radioactivity known beta decay. In
1956 Americans Frederick Reines and Clyde Cowan proved their
(Econ, 2/1/14, p.71)
1930 J.B. Priestley
(1894-1984), English novelist and playwright, authored his novel
(Econ, 6/30/12, p.85)
1930 British detergent maker
Lever Bros. merged with Margarine Unie of the Netherlands to form
Unilever. William Hulme Lever (1888-1949), 2nd Viscount Leverhulme,
co-founded Unilever. Lever brothers had operated from the Belgian
Congo from 1911.
1930 Rev. William A. Spooner
(b.1844), Oxford professor, died. His transposition of sounds led to
the term "spoonerism."
(SFC, 1/25/00, p.A22)
1930 In China Mao Zedong’s 2nd
wife was executed by the Nationalists for refusing to renounce Mao.
(Econ, 9/10/16, p.37)
1930 In Czechoslovakia Villa
Tugendhat, a Modernist masterpiece by legendary German architect
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, was completed in Brno. It was commissioned
by Grete and Fritz Tugendhats, co-owners of wool factories and part
of a large German-speaking Jewish community in the city. In 2012 a
two-year, $9 million renovation was completed.
1930 Rolf de Mare, patron of
the Swedish Ballet, established the Archives Internationales de la
Danse in Paris, France.
(SFEM, 6/9/96, p.34)
1930 The French publication
L’Abomination Americaine railed against the inhumanity of American
(Econ, 12/24/05, p.75)
1930 France pulled out of
(TMC, 1994, p.1930)
1930 Hitler confidant Alfred
Rosenberg authored “The Myth of the Twentieth Century," which
espoused Aryan supremacy and anti-Semitic beliefs.
1930 The German song "Veronika,
der Lenz ist da" (Veronika, the spring is here), written by
Austria-born Walter Jurmann (1903-1971), became a big hit for the
1930 In Germany Mies van der
Rohe succeeded Hannes Meyer as director of the Bauhaus and continued
to 1933 when the Nazis shut it down.
(Econ, 11/14/09, p.104)
1930 In Germany Horst Wessel, a
Nazi promoter living in Berlin, was killed in a street battle with
Communists. He had composed the Horst Wessel Lied, which became the
anthem of the Nazi Party.
(Smith., 8/95, p.24)
1930 The Germany Stihl company,
founded in 1926 by Andreas Stihl, introduced a portable gasoline
(WSJ, 4/3/09, p.C5)
1930 Physicists in Germany
discovered the neutron. Walther Bothe and Herbert Becker described
an unusual type of gamma ray produced by bombarding the metal
beryllium with alpha particles. James Chadwick recognized that the
properties of this radiation were more consistent with what would be
expected from Ernest Rutherford's neutral particle. The subsequent
experiments by which Chadwick proved the existence of the neutron
earned him the 1935 Nobel Prize in physics.
1930 In India Gandhi called for
peaceful civil disobedience and the Indian National Congress issued
a declaration of grievances against Britain.
(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)
1930 Shyamaji Krishnavarma
(b.1857), founder of a pro-independence monthly the India House, a
hub for British-based Indian nationalists, died in Geneva. His ashes
were returned to India in 2003.
1930 A 6,500 year-old human
skeleton was excavated in southern Iraq about this time and taken to
the Univ. of Pennsylvania’s Pen Museum where it was lost in storage
(SFC, 8/6/14, p.A5)
1930 Mt. Stromboli in Italy
erupted and hurled 30-ton rocks onto houses 3 km away and caused a
tidal wave as the entire island mountain rose.
(PacDisc. Spring/’96, p.30)
1930 Futurist Italian poet,
Filippo Tommaso Marinetti denounced pasta as obsolete and urged
Italians to try more avant-garde combinations like cooked salami
sauced in espresso and spiked with eau de Cologne.
(WSJ, 12/29/95, p.A-11)
1930 In Italy Battista “Pinin"
Farina founded Pininfarina SpA, a car design firm.
(SFC, 8/8/08, p.B5)
1930 In Japan the Soka Gakkai,
Values Creation Society, was founded on Buddhist principles. By 1999
the organization was present in 8 million Japanese households.
(SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A25)
1930 In Japan Lt. Col. Kingoro
Hashimoto formed the Sakurakai (Cherry Society), dedicated to
establishing a military-controlled social structure in Japan.
Consisting mostly of midlevel officers, the Cherry Society planned a
March 1931 coup d‘etat that was aborted because of internal
disagreement. In 1937, Hashimoto tried to trigger war with Britain
by shelling a Royal Navy gunboat in Chinese waters.
1930 In Kenya Irene Stefani an
Italian member of the Consolata Missionary Sisters, died of the
plague. As a trained nurse she had helped the wounded in Kenya and
Tanzania during World War I and was much loved by the people of the
Nyeri district, who called her "mother of mercy." In 2015 her
beatification ceremony took place in Nyeri.
1930 In Lebanon the Musar
vineyard was founded.
(SFC, 1/11/08, p.F4)
1930 Aistros, billed as the
first Lithuanian magazine, was first published.
1930 In Mexico Pres. Pascual
Ortiz Rubio was wounded in an assassination attempt the day he took
office. From this point till 2000 the sale and public display of
alcoholic beverages were banned during patriotic events.
(SFC, 9/16/00, p.A14)
1930 In Romania Carol II
returned to the throne and stayed there until abdicating again in
1940 when Michael I became king for a second time.
1930 In Scotland’s Outer
Hebrides the human population of the St Kilda archipelago was
removed. In 1931 St Kilda was sold to the Marquess of Bute, a keen
ornithologist. He bequeathed them to The National Trust for Scotland
(SFC, 2/9/08, p.B6)(www.kilda.org.uk/frame1.htm)
1930 Soviet satirist Andrei
Platonov wrote "The Foundation Pit," a dystopian novel. It was not
published in the Soviet Union until 1987. The fanciful narrative
captured the absurdities of living in the Stalinist era. In 2020
Andrey Gryazev’s compilation documentary "The Foundation Pit,"
premiered at the Berlin Film Festival. It opened with a pre-credits
sequence of Russian newscasts reporting incidents in which hapless
house owners or workers have been injured in accidents involving
(The Daily Beast, 2/26/20)
1930 The Soviet Union began
deporting land holders, known as kulaks, along with their families
as part of the rural collectivization process. The kulaks made up
about a fifth of the Russian peasant class, which consisted of some
25 million households. In 2007 Lynne Viola authored “The Unknown
Gulag: The Lost World of Stalin's Special Settlements."
(WSJ, 4/26/07, p.D7)
1930 American industrialist
Charles R. Crane bought 18 brass bells from the Soviet government,
saving them from being melted down in Josef Stalin's purges that saw
thousands of monks executed and churches and monasteries destroyed
or turned into prisons, orphanages or animal barns. They hung for
decades in the towers at Lowell House and Harvard Business School's
Baker Library. In 2007 Harvard returned the largest of the bells,
the Everyday Bell, to the Danilovsky Monastery and planned to return
the rest in 2008.
1930 The Bank for International
Settlements (BIS) was founded in Basel, Switzerland.
(Econ, 10/11/08, SR p.20)
1930 In Taiwan hundreds of
indigenous Seediq people, led by Mauna Rudao, revolted against
Japanese overlords. Over a hundred Japanese were killed in what came
to be known as the Wushe incident. This triggered a brutal Japanese
response. The story was brought to life in the 2011 Taiwanese film
“Warriors of the Rainbow: Seediq Bale," directed by Wei Te-sheng.
(Econ, 9/17/11, p.40)
1930 The first soccer World Cup
was held in Montevideo, Uruguay. The American team lost in a
semi-final round. Uruguay won the first World Cup. Uruguay hosted
the first competition for the Jules Rimet Trophy, the World Cup's
original name in honor of the FIFA president who had done so much to
make the tournament a reality. Only four teams from Europe made the
trip to Montevideo.
(Hem., 2/96, p.26)(WSJ, 5/15/98, p.W7)(WSJ,
1/11/99, p.R34)(AP, 5/14/18)
1930s Piers Brendon, a British
historian, authored "The Dark Valley" in 2000. It was a reflective
panorama of the 1930s.
(SFEC, 11/12/00, p.33)
1930s In 2000 William Wiser
authored "The Twilight Years: Paris in the 1930s."
(SSFC, 12/17/00, Par p.19)
1930s Abraham Bluestein
(d.1997), editor, reporter and self-proclaimed anarchist, edited the
Vanguard and The Challenger.
1930s The radio show "The
Shadow" was written by Walter Brown Gibson."
(SFEC, 1/17/99, BR p.3)
1930s The Kansas City style
began as a mix of ragtime, marching band and minstrel music.
(SFC, 8/22/96, F1)
1930s Bennie Moten plucked
Bassie from Page’s Oklahoma City based Blue Devils.
(SFC, 8/22/96, F4)
1930s Jo Jones in Bennie
Moten’s band in Kansas City modernized jazz drumming by shifting the
basic pulse from the bass drum to the high-hat cymbal. "As the
rhythm section Jones, pianist Bassie and bassist Walter Page played
with a loose propulsion that became the model of modern swing." The
nucleus of Moten’s band became the Basie band a few years later.
(SFC, 8/22/96, F1)
1930s Billy Gladstone,
percussionist for the Radio City Music Hall orchestra, had 50 or so
custom drums made that featured a mechanism that allowed the top and
bottom heads to be tuned together or separately.
(Hem., 8/96, p.96)
1930s The Hilton Sisters were
vaudeville performers at this time. The sisters were Siamese twins
joined at the hip. A musical titled "Side Show" was produced in 1997
based on their story.
(WSJ, 10/22/97, p.A20)
1930s R.C. Hoiles founded the
(SFC, 4/13/98, p.C3)
1930s Adolph Parducci founded
his winery in Ukiah, Ca. The family sold the business in 1972. In
2004 it was bought by the Mendocino Wine Co.
(SFEM, 10/27/96, p.40)(SFC, 9/8/06, p.F4)
1930s American men began
wearing jockey-type underwear as the long john market bottomed out
in the early 1930s.
(SFC, 2/7/98, p.E3)
1930s The Davis-Bacon Act
required that workers on federally subsidized construction projects
receive union wages.
(WSJ, 9/21/99, p.A26)
1930s A small group of Seattle
mountain climbers banded together to order gear from Europe. The
group eventually grew into Recreational Equipment Inc. (aka REI).
(WSJ, 10/15/96, p.A16)
1930s William L Shirer
succeeded George Seldes as the Berlin correspondent for the Chicago
Tribune. Shirer later wrote "The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich."
(SFEC, 7/27/97, p.T5)
1930s The US government raised
the price of gold to $35 an ounce in an effort to maintain
(SFEC, 2/8/98, p.T7)
1930s The US Army Corps of
Engineers, at the behest of state and federal governments, built a
new levee around Florida’s’ Lake Okeechobee to dam the southward
(Econ, 10/8/05, p.31)
1930s The Depression era "Eau
Claire" system set milk prices according to the distance from Eau
Claire, Wisconsin, to ensure that every region of the country
maintained a local supply of fresh milk.
(SFC, 11/17/99, p.A12)
1930s The Great Depression
affected a large number of people around the world. In 1993 T.H.
Watkins (d.2000 at 63) authored "The Great Depression: America in
the 1930s" as a companion peace to a PBS documentary series. In 1999
Watkins authored "The Hungry Years: A Narrative of the Great
Depression," which combine oral history, memoirs and
(TMC, 1994, p.1930)
1930s Boeing's P-26 Peashooter,
built in the 1930s, was the United States’ first single-wing,
all-metal fighter. Boeing's P-26 was a milestone in three respects.
It was the first U.S. Army Air Corps fighter to incorporate several
important design features that would become standard on aircraft
subsequently used in World War II. To placate conservative elements
in the Air Corps, however, the P-26`s designers were constrained to
include several anachronistic features in the airplane that hampered
its development potential. The Peashooter was also to be the last
fighter aircraft mass-produced by Boeing before the company went on
to bigger things.
1930s Dumb-bell cocktail
shakers were manufactured out of chrome and glass and some had metal
stands. In 1998 they sold for as much as $450.
(SFC, 2/18/98, Z1 p.3)
1930s Hubley Manufacturing of
Lancaster, Pa., made cast-iron toys that later became valued as
collectibles. The Arcade Mnfg. Co. of Freeport, Ill., also made
(SFC, 1/28/98, Z1 p.3)
1930s The McKee Glass Co. made
Bottoms-Up glasses. The cocktail glasses could not stand up and were
designed to be held until emptied. The idea was copied from pottery
glasses of White Cloud Farms of Rock Tavern, N.Y.
(SFC, 1/28/98, Z1 p.3)
1930s The Napier Co. of
Meriden, Conn., made jewelry and metal pieces. Their products
included a pig bank, a clown bank, cocktail shakers and ice buckets.
(SFC, 1/7/98, Z1 p.6)
1930s William C. Menninger
developed a technique called bibliotherapy in which clinicians
prescribed books to help patients reach elusive truths. In the 1990s
the book therapy evolved to movie therapy.
(SFC, 7/15/99, p.B3)
1930s Kansas husband-and-wife
team Osa and Martin Johnson, flying two Sikorsky amphibian aircraft
painted in animal motifs, covered 60,000 miles and photographed the
land and peoples of Africa. The Johnsons introduced Depression-era
audiences to the beauty of East Africa with their popular travel
books and safari documentary films like "Baboona."
1930s Doctors at Johns Hopkins
developed a nasal-radium procedure to shrink adenoids. Some 500,000
to 2.5 million Americans were exposed to the procedure from 1940 to
the late 1960s and it was later found to increase the risk of
(WSJ, 7/26/99, p.A1)
1930s Percy Viosca Jr., a
Louisiana naturalist, railed against the US Corps of Engineers for
their plans to straitjacket the Mississippi River with levees.
(SFC, 11/28/03, p.C7)
1930s During the 1930s, the
Handley Page H.P.42 was the mainstay of government-subsidized
Imperial Airways, linking commercial air routes throughout the
British Empire. The prototype H.P.42, dubbed Hannibal, took off on
its maiden flight on November 17, 1930 and soon had several
variations to reach British possessions in Africa, the Middle East
and India. Even when the sturdy, four-engine biplane was easily
surpassed in speed by the 1930s, its luxuriousness rivaled ocean
liners of the day. Despite its safety record and public affection,
the H.P. 42 became more obsolete with the approach of World War II.
1930s The Diqing Tibetan
Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan province was the area described for
National Geographic by American ethnologist James Rock in the 1920s
and 1930s. The 1933 James Hilton novel "Shangri-La" was thought to
be based on Rock's writings.
(SFEC, 11/28/99, p.A22)
1930s Millions of mitten crabs
migrated up Germany’s major rivers. They clogged dams and climbed
onto shore where they wandered city streets and entered homes. They
devastated fisheries and destroyed river banks and levies causing
floods and other damage.
(Pac. Disc., summer, ‘96, p.6)
1930s In Germany the Nazis
sequestered artwork deemed "degenerate." An inventory was made that
listed 16,500 works in 2 volumes. In 1997 the 2nd volume turned up
in London and revealed that many art pieces were sold to Swiss
(SFC, 3/28/97, p.C15)
1930 A competition began in
India, known as the Empire Games. It gathered the British empire's
athletes as a way to bind together the Britain’s vast dominions. The
games later became known as the Commonwealth Games.
1930s Hitler began building his
"Eagle’s Nest" above the town of Berchtesgaden in the German Alps.
(LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.16A)
1930s In Mexico Fidel Velasquez
Sanchez (1900-1997), a Mexico City baker [dairy worker], rose to
power in the union movement. He was a strong anti-Communist and
rewarded his friends with money and power. He led the Confederation
of Mexican Workers (CTM) for 56 years.
(SFC, 6/21/97, p.A10,12)(SFEC, 6/22/97, p.D8)
1930s In Russia the centralized
gas heating system of the city of Moscow was constructed.
(SFC, 3/27/97, p.C4)
1930s In Russia the labor camp
in Norilsk, Siberia, was built. It was later developed as a huge
(SFC, 7/29/97, p.A10)
1930s Mikhail Bulgakov
(1891-1940) wrote his novel "The Master and Margarita." It satirized
life under Stalin and was not published until after Bulgakov's
(SFEC, 6/25/00, BR p.1)
1930-1931 Babe Ruth's highest salary was $80,000
annually. He suffered a $5,000 pay cut in 1932 despite hitting .373,
leading the majors with a .700 slugging percentage, tying for the
lead in homers with 46 and knocking in 163 runs in 1931.
1930-1933 The 11 documentary James A.
Fitzpatrick’s Traveltalks were made and featured unique glimpses of
China, Japan, Korea, Dutch New Guinea, Ireland, India, and Italy.
(SFEC, 7/12/98, DB p.58)
1930-1933 Samuel K. Lothrop, archeologist from
Harvard, Peabody Museum, excavated a number of extraordinarily rich
prehistoric graves in the province of Cocle, Panama.
(RFH-MDHP, p.228, illustrations)
1930-1935 Richard B. Bennet, Conservative Party,
serves as the 11th Prime Minister of Canada.
(CFA, ‘96, p.81)
1930-1937 Kurdish revolts in Turkey were harshly
(SSFC, 12/22/02, p.A14)
1930-1939 This period in the US was later covered
in the 2007 book “The Forgotten Man" by Alonzo L. Shales.
(WSJ, 6/12/07, p.D5)
1930-1939 During the 1930s Great Depression,
counties and cities in the American Southwest and Midwest forced
Mexican immigrants and their families to leave the US over concerns
they were taking jobs away from whites despite their legal right to
stay. Around 500,000 to 1 million Mexican immigrants and
Mexican-Americans were pushed out of the US.
1930-1940 Shirley Bell Cole (1920-2010) served as
the primary voice of radio character Little Orphan Annie.
(SFC, 2/4/10, p.C6)
1930-1945 Leo Szilard, scientist on the Manhattan
Project, later published selected recollections and correspondence
from this period in the book: "Leo Szilard: His Version of the
(SFEM, 7/30/00, p.16)
1930-1946 Joshua Gibson was a star catcher in the
Negro Baseball League. He hit a record 89 home runs one year.
(SFEC, 10/4/98, p.B14)
1930-1950 The NKVD and KGB infiltration in
Washington during this period was documented in the 1998 book "The
Haunted Wood" by Allen Weinstein and Alexander Vassiliev.
(WSJ, 1/5/98, p.A20)
1930-1954 Prof. John Wirth (d.2002) of Stanford
covered this period of Brazil in his book "The Politics of Brazilian
Development 1930-1954." It won the Bolton Prize in 1971.
(SSFC, 6/30/02, p.A29)
1930-1955 Finland engaged in a forced
sterilization program that sterilized some 1,460 people over this
(SFC, 8/28/97, p.A12)
1930-1960 Millions of people including ethnic
Germans and Russian dissidents died during this period, unable to
survive starvation and torture in a network of gulag camps scattered
from Russia's Arctic tundra to the inhospitable Kazakh steppe.
1930-1965 Lorraine Hansberry, American
author-dramatist: "I think that the glorious thing about the human
race is that it does change the world -- constantly. The world or
'life' may seem to more often overwhelm the human being, but it is
the human being's capacity for struggling against being overwhelmed
which is remarkable and exhilarating."
1930-1966 Dr. Virginia Corwin Brautigam
(1901-1996), scholar in comparative religion, taught at Smith
(SFC, 8/24/96, p.A21)
1930-1996 Jesse Hill Ford, American novelist. His
work examined the destructive relations between the races in his
native South as in: "The Liberation of Lord Byron Jones" (1965) and
"The Feast of St. Barnabas" (1969). In 1970 he mistakenly shot a
black soldier who had parked with a girlfriend in his private
driveway and was charged with murder but found not guilty.
(SFC, 6/6/96, p.C6)