Return to home
1972 Jan 1,
"Promises Promises" closed at Shubert Theater NYC after 1281
1972 Jan 1, Maurice Chevalier
(b.1888), French actor, singer and dancer, died in Paris. He sang
“Thank Heaven for Little Girls" in the 1958 film “Gigi."
(SSFC, 8/8/04, Par p.2)(www.jimpoz.com)
1972 Jan 1, Kurt Waldheim
(1918-2007) of Austria began serving as the UN Secretary-General. He
continued until Jan 1, 1982.
(SFC, 12/14/96, p.A1)
1972 Jan 3, Don McLean received
a gold record for his 8-minute-plus (8:32) hit, American Pie.
(440 Int'l. 1/3/99)
1972 Jan 5, President Nixon
ordered development of the space shuttle.
1972 Jan 7, Lewis F. Powell
Jr., private practice lawyer, and William H. Rehnquist (1925-2005),
Assistant Attorney General for Pres. Nixon, were sworn in as the
99th and 100th members of the Supreme Court.
(AP, 1/7/98)(AP, 9/4/05)
1972 Jan 7, Poet John Berryman
(b.1914), US poet (Imaginary Jew), leaped to his death from a bridge
above the Mississippi River. He was teaching a graduate course at
the Univ. of Minnesota on America’s character as revealed by its
poets. Carl Rakosi took over the class. His former wife, Eileen
Simpson, died in 2002. Simpson authored her memoir "Poets in Their
Youth" in 1982.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Berryman)(SFEC, 4/23/00, BR
p.1)(SFC, 10/26/02, p.A24)
1972 Jan 8, Kenneth Patchen
(b.1911), American poet, died in Palo Alto, Ca. He was bed-ridden in
his later years from a debilitating spinal injury. His works
included "Before the Brave" and "Hurrah for Anything."
1972 Jan 9, Reclusive
billionaire Howard Hughes, speaking by telephone from the Bahamas to
reporters in Hollywood, said his purported biography by Clifford
Irving was a fake.
1972 Jan 9, The RMS Queen
Elizabeth, the world’s largest ocean liner, sank after a major fire
in Hong Kong harbor. It had been purchased by Tung Chao-yung at a
bankruptcy sale in Florida. He had hoped to turn it into a floating
school. Arson was blamed and it was scrapped.
1972 Jan 9, British coal miners
begin a national strike, the first for half a century. The strike
ended on 28 February 1972, when the miners returned to work.
1972 Jan 10, Sheikh Mujibur
Rahman (b.1920) returned to Dhaka from prison in West Pakistan. He
soon promulgated an interim constitution and was sworn in first as
president of Bangladesh, then as prime minister.
1972 Jan 11, The TV movie
"Kolchak, The Night Stalker" aired for the first time. It was
followed by a series of 22 episodes that ended Mar 28, 1975.
1972 Jan 14, "Sanford &
Son" premiered on NBC TV. It starred Desmond Wilson and Red Foxx and
became the most successful black-oriented series in TV history. The
series ended in 1977.
(SSFC, 2/11/01, BR
p.1)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0068128/)(SFC, 9/19/02, p.A24)
1972 Jan 14, Denmark’s King
Frederik IX (b.1899) died. He was succeeded by Queen Margrethe II
1972 Jan 15, Heavyweight Joe
Frazier (b.1944) KO’d Terry Daniels.
1972 Jan 22, The TV series
"Emergency" began with Julie London and Bobby Troup. It ran until
1972 Jan 24, Maine Sen. Edmund
Muskie (1914-1996) won the Iowa caucus but later lost the Democratic
nomination to George McGovern.
1972 Jan 24, The US Supreme
Court struck down laws that denied welfare benefits to people who
had resided in a state for less than a year.
1972 Jan 24, In Guam Shoichi
Yokoi (d.1997 at 82), a WWII Japanese soldier, was found by hunters
near the Talofofo River. He had survived since 1944 in adherence to
his army code of never surrendering. Yokoi returned to Japan as a
national hero: "It is with much embarrassment that I return."
1972 Jan 25, Pres. Nixon made
public the secret talks from May 31, 1971, that included a
cease-fire-in-place, US withdrawal, and the return of prisoners from
North Vietnam. He made a revised offer with the concurrence of South
Vietnam's Pres. Thieu. Nixon aired the eight-point peace plan for
Vietnam, asking for POW release in return for withdrawal.
(WSJ, 2/5/96, p.A-19)(HN, 1/25/99)
1972 Jan 25, Shirley Chisholm,
the first African American woman elected to U.S. Congress, announced
her candidacy for president as Democrat.
1972 Jan 26, A DC-9 exploded
over Serbska Kamenice, Czechoslovakia, and attendant Vesna Vulovic
dropped 33,300 feet and survived following a 27-day coma and a
16-month recovery. The cause of the explosion has never been
established, but was attributed by the Yugoslav and Czechoslovakian
authorities to a bomb placed on the plane by a Croatian Terrorist
group, known as the Ustasa.
(SFEC, 3/14/99, Z1
1972 Jan 27, Mahalia Jackson
(b.1911), Grammy Award winning gospel singer, died.
1972 Jan 29, In Bonn, West
Germany's Chancellor Willy Brandt, and the leaders of the ten
Bundesländer (states) agreed upon the "Radikalenerlass", a decree to
bar any known radical from government employment.
1972 Jan 30, In Londonderry
(Derry), Northern Ireland, British troops fired on a civil rights
march in the Bloody Sunday massacre. 13 people were killed by
soldiers of the First Parachute Regiment, six of whom were only 17.
The British embassy in Dublin was burned down. One man who was
photographed being arrested and taken into a British army Saracen
was later found shot dead. The march, which was called to protest
internment, was "illegal" according to British government
authorities. Internment without trial was introduced by the British
government on August 9, 1971. The British government-appointed
Widgery Tribunal found soldiers were not guilty of killing the 13
marchers. The 1997 book “Eyewitness Bloody Sunday" by Don Mullan
included 113 accounts by participants and bystanders. In 1998 an
independent commission said that the identities of the soldiers
would not be protected. In 2001 Martin McGuinness admitted that he
was 2nd in command of the IRA at the time of the massacre. The
Saville Inquiry heard its last oral testimony in 2004. A report in
2010, 12 years in the making, blamed British soldiers for the
killings. In 2019 a former British soldier was charged for the
killings of James Wray and William McKinney.
(SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1p.7)(SFC, 1/30/97,
p.A18)(SFEM, 1/18/98, p.11)(SFC, 12/18/98, p.D4)(SFC, 5/1/01,
p.A8)(Econ, 2/14/04, p.51)(SFC, 6/16/10, p.A2)(SFC, 3/15/19, p.A5)
1972 Jan 31, Howard Barlow
(b.1892), American radio pioneer and CBS music director (1927-1943),
died. In 1943 He moved to NBC to become conductor of the
long-running Voice of Firestone.
1972 Jan 31, King Mahendra
(b.1920), Nepal’s poet-king (1955-1972), passed away at Diyalo
Bangalow, Bharatpur. Crown Prince Birendra (b.1945) ascended the
throne of the kingdom. Birendra was killed by his son in 2001.
1972 Feb 1, The FAA issued a
rule requiring air carriers to use a screening system, acceptable to
the FAA, that would require screening all passengers "by one or more
of the following systems: behavioral profile, magnetometer,
identification check, physical search."
1972 Feb 1, Hewlett-Packard
introduced the 1st scientific hand-held calculator, the HP-35, for
1972 Feb 2, The play "Jumpers"
by Tom Stoppard (b.1937) was first performed at the Old Vic Theatre,
1972 Feb 2, Winter Olympics
began in Sapporo, Japan.
1972 Feb 4, In California the
Santa Rosa Hitchhiker Murders when Yvonne Weber (13) and Maureen
Sterling (13) were seen thumbing a lift on Guerneville Road. Their
bones were found 10 months later six miles into the hills north of
Santa Rosa. By December 1973 five more young women had disappeared
in the area. They included Kim Allen (19), Jeannette Kamahele (20),
Lori Kursa (13), Carolyn Davis (15) and Theresa Walsh (23).
(SFC, 7/7/11, p.A9)
1972 Feb 5, It was reported
that the United States had agreed to sell 42 F-4 Phantom jets to
1972 Feb 5, Marianne Moore
(b.1887), American poet, died in NYC. Her longest work was the 1923
poem "Marriage." In 1998 her the book: "The Selected letters of
Marianne Moore" was edited by Bonnie Costello, Celeste Goodridge and
Cristanne Miller. In 2013 Linda Leavell authored “Holding On Upside
Down: The Life and Work of Marianne Moore."
p.A7)(Econ, 11/23/13, p.83)
1972 Feb 12, Senator Kennedy
advocated amnesty for Vietnam draft resisters.
1972 Feb 13, "1776" closed at
46th Street Theater in NYC after 1,217 performances. A film version
was released in November.
1972 Feb 13, Enemy attacks, in
Vietnam, declined for the third day as the U.S. continued its
intensive bombing strategy. The F-105 Thunderchief or the "Thud" was
the Air Force’s war-horse in Vietnam when it came to bombing
1972 Feb 14, The musical
"Grease" opened at the Eden Theatre off Broadway. The show turned
out to be a surprise hit and soon moved to the Broadhurst Theatre
and then to the Royale where it remained until April 13, 1980. The
show had a record run until it was taken over by A Chorus Line.
1972 Feb 14 Bill Torrey (38),
an executive vice president with the Oakland Seals, was named the
1st General Manager of the Islanders, a Long Island hockey team.
1972 Feb 15, A left-leaning
military coup in Ecuador, led by Guillermo Rodríguez Lara, removed,
Pres. Velasco Ibarra from office for the fifth time. Military rule
continued to 1979.
12/6/95, p.A-1)(USAT, 2/11/97, p.5A)
1972 Feb 15, Edgar P. Snow
(b.1905), US journalist and author (Battle for Asia, Red Star Over
China), died in Switzerland.
1972 Feb 16, Wilt Chamberlain
became the 1st NBA player to score 30,000 points.
1972 Feb 17, President Nixon
departed on his historic 10-day trip to China.
(AP, 2/17/98)(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F7)
1972 Feb 17, Giulio Andreotti
(1919-2013) began serving his first term as the 41st prime minister
1972 Feb 18, The California
Supreme Court declared the death penalty cruel and unusual
punishment in violation of the state constitution. 107 inmates were
taken off death row and resentenced. A similar decision was rendered
in 1976 and 68 inmates were resentenced.
1972 Feb 20, Walter Winchell
(b.1897), newspaper and radio commentator, died.
1972 Feb 20, El Salvador held
presidential elections. The blatancy of fraud employed to maintain
the PCN in power outraged and disillusioned many Salvadorans,
including members of the armed forces. Leftists protested the
(http://countrystudies.us/el-salvador/11.htm)(WSJ, 1/10/05, p.A10)
1972 Feb 21, Pres. Nixon began
his visit to China as he and his wife arrived in Shanghai. He was
the 1st US president to visit a country not diplomatically
recognized by the US. He brought along a bottle of Schramsberg
sparkling wine from California.
(HN, 2/21/01)(AP, 2/21/04)(WSJ, 7/1/05, p.W6)
1972 Feb 22, President Nixon
met with Mao Tse-tung in Peking and Chinese Premier Chou En-Lai in
Beijing. In 2006 Margaret McMillan authored “Seize the Hour: When
Nixon Met Mao."
(HN, 2/22/98)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.93)
1972 Feb 23, Black activist
Angela Davis was released from jail where she was held for
kidnapping, conspiracy and murder.
1972 Feb 24, Hanoi negotiators
walked out of the peace talks in Paris to protest U.S. air raids on
1972 Feb 25, Wings released
"Give Ireland Back to the Irish." Paul and Linda McCartney wrote the
song in response to the events of Bloody Sunday in Northern Ireland
on January 30, 1972. It was soon banned by the BBC.
1972 Feb 26, A coal sludge
spill killed 125 people and swallowed 500 homes in Buffalo Creek, W.
Va. Over 132 million gallons of water and mud hit 17 little towns
along Buffalo Creek.
1972 Feb 26, Soviets recovered
Luna 20 with a cargo of moon rocks.
1972 Feb 28, President Nixon
and Chinese Premier Chou En-lai signed the Shanghai Communique at
the Jin Jiang Hotel Assembly Hall on the last night of Nixon’s
(WSJ, 3/5/97, p.A16)(AP, 2/28/07)
1972 Feb 29, Henry "Hank" Aaron
became the first baseball player to sign a baseball contract for
$200,000 a year.
1972 Mar 1, David Rabe's
"Sticks and Bones" premiered in New York City.
1972 Mar 1, Kathy Boudin and
Bernardine Dohrn, members of the Weathermen, set explosives in the
1st-floor ladies room of the US Capitol building. [See Oct 20, 1981]
1972 Mar 2, Pioneer 10 was
launched from Cape Kennedy. It carried a plaque designed by Carl
Sagan and Frank Drake showing some details of human civilization on
Earth. The craft headed to Jupiter and then continued into deep
space long past expectations. In 2001 contact was re-established
with the craft 7.29 billion miles distant and enroute toward the
constellation Taurus. Contact was again made in 2002. Pioneer was
expected to reach the red star Aldebaran in Taurus in about 2
(SFC, 3/4/96, p.A5)(SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A14)(SFC,
1972 Mar 2, Jean-Bédel Bokassa
appointed himself President for life of the Central African
1972 Mar 2, In Jamaica Michael
Manley (1924-1997, Socialist and champion of the nonaligned
movement, was sworn in as prime minister.
1972 Mar 3, Sculpted figures of
Jefferson Davis, Robert E Lee, and Stonewall Jackson were completed
at Stone Mountain, GA.
1972 Mar 5, Greek composer
Mikis Theodorakis (b.1925) left the communist party.
1972 Mar 6, Shaquille O'Neal,
NBA center (Magic, Lakers, Oly-gold-96), was born in Newark, NJ.
1972 Mar 6, Jack Nicklaus,
passed Arnold Palmer as golf's all-time money winner. He captured
the Doral Eastern Open golf tournament to run his career earnings up
1972 Mar 7, Republican Richard
Nixon won the New Hampshire primary over Paul McCloskey 67.6 to
19.8%. Democrat Edmund Muskie won over George McGovern 46.4 to
(SSFC, 1/25/04, p.A19)(http://tinyurl.com/5dndxk)
1972 Mar 8, Pres. Nixon signed
Executive Order 11652 lifting a 50-year secrecy ban on the exploits
of the more than 6,000 Nisei, second-generation Japanese-Americans,
who helped decode Japanese messages and who provided crucial
information on Japanese military operations during WW II.
(SFC, 5/26/96, Par
1972 Mar 8, Gen’l. John D.
Lavelle, Seventh Air Force Commander in Vietnam, decreased the
bombing raids against North Vietnam when he became the target of a
(SFEC, 10/18/98, BR p.8)
1972 Mar 9, Edwin W. Edwards
began serving as governor of Louisiana and continued to Mar 10,
1972 Mar 12, “The Limits to
Growth: A Report for the Club of Rome’s Project on the Predicament
of Mankind." was presented publicly at the Smithsonian Institute in
Washington. It was translated into 30 languages and 10 million
copies of the book were sold, helping the Club of Rome gain the
world stage. Donella Meadows (1941-2001) Dennis L. Meadows, Jorgen
Randers, and William W. Behrens III co-authored the report.
1972 Mar 12, The U.K. and China
agreed to establish a full diplomatic relationship. China, newly
admitted to the UN, said it wanted Hong Kong back.
(SFEC, 6/22/97, p.A14)(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)(HN,
1972 Mar 14, Pres. Nixon
remarked "It’s better to chase girls than boys…" after columnist
Jack Anderson reported that Ambassador Arthur Watson had groped
flight attendants on a trip home from Paris. A Congressional
investigation prompted Watson’s resignation.
(SFC, 3/1/02, p.A3)
1972 Mar 17, Nixon asked
Congress to halt busing in order to achieve desegregation.
1972 Mar 19, India and
Bangladesh signed a friendship treaty.
1972 Mar 19, The illegal
Soviet-era journal "Chronicle of the Lithuanian Catholic Church" was
1st published. 5 issues were published up to 1987.
1972 Mar 21, The US Supreme
Court, in Dunn v. Blumstein, ruled that states may not require at
least a year's residency for voting eligibility.
1972 Mar 22, The US Congress
passed the Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution and sent it to
the states for ratification. The amendment died in 1982 when it fell
three states short of the 38, two-thirds, needed for approval.
1972 Mar 22, The Supreme Court
Eisenstadt vs. Baird decision struck down a law that banned the
distribution of birth control devices to unmarried people.
1972 Mar 23, Pres. Nixon
discussed his orders to undermine Chilean democracy after the leak
of corporate papers revealing collaboration between ITT and the CIA
to rollback the election of socialist leader Salvador Allende.
1972 Mar 23, The U.S. called a
halt to the peace talks on Vietnam being held in Paris.
1972 Mar 24, The US announces a
boycott of the Paris peace talks as President Nixon accuses Hanoi of
refusing to "negotiate seriously."
1972 Mar 24, Great Britain
imposed direct rule over Northern Ireland. The province’s parliament
was suspended at the height of sectarian violence.
(HN, 3/24/98)(SFC, 4/11/98, p.A1)
1972 Mar 25, In El Salvador a
group of young army officers, led by Colonel Benjamin Mejia,
launched a coup. Their immediate goal was the establishment of a
"revolutionary junta." It seemed clear, however, that the officers
favored the installation of Jose Duarte as president.
1972 Mar 26, "Only Fools Are
Sad" closed at Edison Theater in NYC after 144 performances.
1972 Mar 26, Evil Knievel broke
his collarbone after successfully clearing 13 cars.
1972 Mar 27, The Addis Ababa
accords ended fighting between north and south Sudan. It made the
south a self-governing region. Pres. Gaafar Muhammed Nimeiri ended
the 17 year civil war in the Sudan between the north and south.
1972 Mar 29, J. Arthur Rank
(b.1888), 1st Baron Rank, British industrialist and film producer,
1972 Mar 30, Hanoi launched its
heaviest attack in four years, crossing the DMZ in the Easter
offensive. 200,000 North Vietnamese soldiers under the command of
General Vo Nguyen Giap wage an all-out attempt to conquer South
Vietnam. The offensive is a tremendous gamble by Giap and is
undertaken as a result of US troop withdrawal, the strength of the
anti-war movement in America likely preventing a US retaliatory
response, and the poor performance of South Vietnam's Army during
Operation Lam Son 719 in 1971. The Communist Easter invasion in
South Vietnam was defeated.
1972 Mar, Texas called for flat
out oil production amidst rising consumption and declining
(Econ, 2/15/14, p.23)
1972 Mar, The El Nino weather
pattern was noticed to have caused trade winds on the equator to
1972 Mar, In Zaire (CongoDRC)
the Trico II nuclear research reactor went on line.
1972 Apr 1, A US baseball
strike began and lasted to April 13.
1972 Apr 2, Tennessee Williams'
"Small Craft Warnings," premiered in NYC.
1972 Apr 2, In response to the
North Vietnamese Easter Offensive, President Nixon authorized the US
7th Fleet to target NVA troops massed around the Demilitarized Zone
with air strikes and naval gunfire.
1972 Apr 3, Charlie Chaplin
(1889-1977) returned to the US after a twenty-year absence.
1972 Apr 3, Ferde Grofe
(b.1892), US pianist and composer (Grand Canyon Suite), died.
1972 Apr 4, In further response
to the North Vietnamese Easter Offensive, US President Nixon
authorized a massive bombing campaign targeting all NVA troops
invading South Vietnam along with B-52 air strikes against North
Vietnam. "The bastards have never been bombed like they're going to
be bombed this time," Nixon privately declares.
1972 Apr 4, Adam Clayton Powell
Jr. (b.1908), American politician, died in Florida. He was elected
to the US House of Representatives from Harlem in 1945 and became
chair of the Education and Labor Committee in 1961. He was the first
black Congressman from New York.
1972 Apr 5, The Harrisburg 7
trial ended in mistrial after 11 weeks. Philip Berrigan & Sister
Elizabeth McAllister were declared guilty, but only of smuggling
letters in & out of prison. Librarian Zoia Horn (d.2014) had
refused to testify at the trail, becoming the first US librarian to
be jailed for refusing to testify. She was freed after 20 days when
a jury deadlocked on conspiracy charges.
(www.well.com/~mareev/TIMELINE/1971-1972.html)(SFC, 7/16/14, p.E5)
1972 Apr 6, Six US helicopter
crew members were killed in Vietnam during a heroic rescue attempt
of Air Force Lt. Col. Iceal Hambleton (1918-2004), who had been shot
down on April 2. Five aircraft crews were shot down during the
rescue attempts. The 1988 film "Bat-21" was about their mission.
Hambleton was rescued on April 13.
11/19/97, p.A3)(SFC, 5/29/03, p.A19)
1972 Apr 6, US Capt. John W.
Ripley (d.2008 at 69) helped stop a column of North Vietnamese tanks
by blowing up a pair of bridges at Dong Ha during the 1972 Easter
Offensive of the Vietnam War.
1972 Apr 7, Richard McCoy
(1942-1974), Vietnam veteran and pilot, hijacked a United Air Lines
jet and extorted $500,000 in copycat version of the DB Cooper crime.
He parachuted into a Utah desert, but was caught with the money in
his house and was sentenced to 40 years in prison. He escaped and
died in a shootout with FBI agent Nicholas O’Hara in Nov, 1974.
(SFEC, 11/17/96, Z1
1972 Apr 7, "Crazy" Joe Gallo,
flamboyant mobster, was gunned down at his 43rd birthday party in
Manhattan’s Umberto's Clam House.
(SFC, 12/30/04, p.A2)
1972 Apr 7, Sheik Abeid Amane
Karume, Zanzibari vice-president of the republic of Tanzania, was
1972 Apr 10, In the 44th
Academy Awards "French Connection," Gene Hackman and Jane Fonda won.
1972 Apr 10, The United States
and the Soviet Union joined some 70 nations in signing an agreement
banning biological warfare: The Biological and Toxins Weapons
Convention (BWC). A defector in 1990 revealed that the Soviet
biological weapons program was twice the size of the highest US
intelligence estimates. The convention banned the development,
production, and stockpiling of bacteriological and toxic weapons. In
1973 the Soviet Union created Biopreparat, an ultra secret
biological weapons program that involved laboratories at a minimum
of 47 sites across Russia.
(AP, 4/10/97)(WSJ, 7/21/97, p.A22)(SFEC, 8/10/97,
p.A3)(SFC, 8/28/97, p.C2)
1972 Apr 10, A 6.9 earthquake
in the Iranian province of Fars killed over 5,000 people.
1972 Apr 13,
The first US Major League baseball strike ended after 13 days.
1972 Apr 15, Canada’s PM Pierre
Trudeau and President Richard Nixon met in Ottawa to sign the Great
Lakes Water Quality Agreement. The agreement followed measurements
that showed that high concentrations of phosphorus and nitrogen led
to the lakes being choked to death from vegetation and algae.
Methods for quantifying eutrophication had been developed by Swiss
scientist Richard Vollenweider (1922-2007).
(http://tinyurl.com/ygrc3p)(WSJ, 2/3/07, p.A8)
1972 Apr 16, Apollo 16 blasted
off on a voyage to the moon.
1972 Apr 16, The Republic of
China presented two Pandas to the US National Zoo: Hsing-Hsing
(d.1999) and Ling-Ling. Ling-Ling died in 1992.
(SFC, 4/16/97, p.C14)(HN, 4/16/98)(SFC, 11/29/99,
1972 Apr 16, In Japan Yasunari
Kawabata (b.1899), a Nobel laureate in literature (1968), committed
suicide without explanation.
(SFEC, 1/25/98, Z1
1972 Apr 17, In Louisiana
Angola prison guard Brent Miller was stabbed to death. Herman
Wallace (d.2013), who was serving a 50-year sentence for armed
robbery, was indicted in 1973 for the killing and put into solitary
confinement for the next 4 decades. Wallace died a week after a
judge ordered a new trial because women had been excluded from the
grand jury indictment. In a separate trial, Albert Woodfox was also
convicted in the murder of Brent Miller and sentenced to life in
prison. On June 8, 2015, federal judge ruled that the state cannot
try Woodfox a third time and that he the only just remedy would be
to set him free.
p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/pp96vyn)(SFC, 6/9/15, p.A9)
1972 Apr 17, A handful of women
were first accepted as entrants to the Boston marathon.
1972 Apr 19, The Broadway
production Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" opened at the Playhouse
Theatre, where it ran for two months before transferring to the
Edison. It had a total run of 1065 performances. The cast included
Grant, Alex Bradford, and Hope Clarke.
1972 Apr 20, The manned lunar
module from Apollo 16 landed on the moon.
1972 Apr 21, Apollo 16
astronauts John Young and Charles Duke explored the surface of the
moon with Boeing Lunar Rover #2.
1972 Apr 23, In the 26th Tony
Awards, held in NYC, "Sticks & Bones" won as best play and "Two
Gentlemen of Verona" won as best musical.
1972 Apr 24, Natalie Clifford
Barney (b.1876), lesbian writer and US expatriate, died in Paris. In
2002 Suzanne Rodriguez authored "Wild Heart, A Life: Natalie
Clifford Barney’s Journey From Victorian America to the Literary
Salons of Paris."
1972 Apr 25, Hans-Werner Grosse
(b.1922), German glider pilot, glided 907.7 miles (1,461 km) in an
1972 Apr 25, George Sanders
(b.1906), Russia-born English actor, died of suicide. He received an
Academy Award as Best Supporting actor for his role in “All About
1972 Apr 27, Apollo 16 returned
1972 April 27, The German
opposition took advantage of the crumbling Bundestag majority of the
social-liberal coalition to bring a vote of no-confidence against
Willy Brandt. In a secret vote, Rainer Barzel failed to achieve the
required majority in the Bundestag and Willy Brandt remained Federal
1972 Apr 27, Kwame Nkrumah
(62), former president of Ghana, died in Romania of cancer.
1972 Apr, The US government
filed suit against the 3 major television networks for monopolizing
prime-time entertainment with their own programs. The suits were
dismissed in 1974 after the Nixon White House refused to turn over
(SFC, 12/1/97, p.A7)
1972 Apr, Douglas Osheroff,
graduate student at Cornell, found that Helium-3 will become a
superfluid at very cold temperatures.
(SFC, 10/10/96, p.A15)
1972 Apr, In Burundi hundreds
of prisoners were killed following an attempted coup. In 2020
authorities exhumed a mass grave from this time near Gitega prison's
1972 Apr, Iraq and the USSR
signed a Treaty of Friendship.
1972 May 1, South Vietnamese
abandoned Quang Tri City to the NVA.
1972 May 2, The play "That
Championship Season" by Jason Miller (1939-2001) premiered in NYC
off Broadway. A film version premiered in 1982.
1972 May 2, In Idaho a fire at
the Sunshine Mine precipitated the death of 91 underground employees
by smoke inhalation and/or carbon monoxide poisoning.
1972 May 2, J. Edgar Hoover
(b.1895), head of the FBI (1924-72), died in Washington. Hoover had
come to the forefront of federal law enforcement during the "Red
Scare" of 1919 to 1920. The Watergate affair subsequently revealed
that the FBI had illegally protected President Richard Nixon from
investigation. Ronald Kessler later published "The FBI: Inside the
World's Most Powerful Law Enforcement Agency."
(AP, 5/2/97)(SFEC, 6/6/99,
1972 May 2, Camp Carroll was
officially surrendered to the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong. This
was the first major victory for the North Vietnamese Army during the
Nguyen Hue Offensive. The Viet Cong's Provisional Revolutionary
Government immediately imposed their authority in the province, as
collective farms were set up and strict rules instilled by the Viet
Cong were forced on the villagers.
1972 May 4, The remains of the
ship Gjoe, a converted herring boat used by Roald Amundsen to cross
the Northwest Passage (1903-1905), departed San Francisco for Oslo,
Norway. A commemorative sculpture was left next to the Beach Chalet
at Ocean Beach.
(SFC, 4/17/00, p.D8)(WSJ, 4/18/00, p.A16)(Ind,
1972 May 5, Alitalia’s DC-8
Flight 112 crashed west of Palermo, Sicily; killing 115.
1972 May 7, Ralph Eugene
Meatyard (b.1925), photographer, died. His work included a series of
photos called The Family Album of Lucybelle Carter" based on the
short story "The Life You Save May Be Your Own" by Flannery
1972 May 7, Justin
Ahomadegbe-Tometin (1917-2002) became president of Dahomey (later
Benin) as part of a system that rotated the office between three
leading political figures: Ahomadegbe, Hubert Maga, and Sourou-Migan
Apithy. He was overthrown on October 26.
1972 May 8, In response to the
ongoing NVA Easter Offensive, President Nixon announced Operation
Linebacker I, the mining of North Vietnam's harbors along with
intensified bombing of roads, bridges, and oil facilities. The
announcement brought international condemnation of the US and
ignited more anti-war protests in America.
1972 May 8, A Belgian Sabena
aircraft, bound for Tel Aviv, was hijacked by 4 Palestinians. At Lod
Intl. 2 hijackers were shot and killed by Israeli military
personnel, dressed as ground engineers. One passenger died 8 days
later as a result of her wounds. The two women hijackers were
subsequently sentenced to life imprisonment.
1972 May 10, US Navy pilot Duke
Cunningham shot down 3 North Vietnamese MiGs before finessing his
badly damaged and burning F-4 out of enemy territory and over safe
waters where he and his co-pilot could eject. In 2005 as a US
Congressman from San Diego, he pleaded guilty to bribery charges in
(WSJ, 1/5/07, p.B10)
1972 May 11, US pilot First Lt.
Michael Joseph Blassie (b.1948) was shot down by anti-aircraft fire
after having logged 137 combat missions. His remains were entombed
on Memorial Day, 1984, at the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington. In
1998 his remains were exhumed and identified by DNA testing.
(SFC, 1/20/98, p.A2)(SFC, 6/30/98,
1972 May 11, The SF Giants
traded Willie Mays (b.1931) to the New York Mets.
(SFEC, 12/797, Z1
1972 May 13, Milwaukee Brewers
beat Minn. Twins, 4-3, in 22 innings. The game had started the
evening of May 12.
1972 May 13, There was a
burglary at the Chilean Embassy in Washington DC. Two members of
Pres. Nixon's secret White House team, known as the plumbers, were
involved. Nixon later blamed the robbery on White House counsel John
(SFC, 2/26/99, p.A4)
1972 May 13, Dan Blocker
(b.1928), actor (Hoss-Bonanza), died.
1972 May 13, In Osaka, Japan,
118 died in a nightclub atop the 7-story Sennichi dept store.
1972 May 15, Alabama’s Gov.
George Wallace was shot by Arthur Bremer while campaigning in
Laurel, Maryland, for the Democratic presidential primary. Wallace
was left paralyzed. In 2007 Bremer was released from jail after
serving 35 of his 53 year sentence.
(HFA, '96, p.30)(SFC, 8/16/96, p.D11)(AP,
1972 May 15, The US returned
Okinawa and the Senkaku Islands to Japan. The US had taken them over
after WW II. Japan had begun administering Senkaku Islands between
Okinawa and Taiwan in 1895.
1972 May 17, In Italy Luigi
Calabresi, head of the political dept. of the Milan police, was
killed. He had been falsely suspected of having killed the anarchist
Giuseppe Pinelli in 1969. In 1988 Leonardo Marino, a former far left
Lotta Continua militant, confessed that he drove a getaway car and
that Adriano Sofri (b.1942), a writer, had masterminded the killing.
On July 28, 1988, Sofri was arrested with Ovidio Bompressi and
Giorgio Pietrostefani for the alleged murder of Calabresi. Sofri was
convicted in 2000.
1972 May 18, "Me & The
Chimp" last aired on CBS-TV.
1972 May 18, Eero Aukusti
Sipila (53), Finnish composer, died.
1972 May 19, Kathy Boudin and
Bernardine Dohrn, members of the Weathermen, set explosives in
bathroom of the US Pentagon. [See Oct 20, 1981]
1972 May 22, President Nixon
began a visit to the Soviet Union, the 1st for a US president,
during which he and Kremlin leaders signed the SALT I arms
1972 May 22, The island nation
of Ceylon became the republic of Sri Lanka, which is Sinhala for
resplendent land, with the adoption of a new constitution under PM
Sirimavo Bandaranaike. Sinhala was made the official language and
Buddhism the state religion.
(SFC, 6/20/96, p.A8)(AP, 5/22/97)(HNQ,
5/23/98)(SFC, 5/30/00, p.A25)
1972 May 25, The final US
CORONA reconnaissance satellite was launched.
1972 May 26, President Richard
M. Nixon and Soviet Communist Party chief Leonid Brezhnev signed in
Moscow the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, an arms reduction
agreement that became known as SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation
Talks). The US withdrew from the treaty in 2002.
(SSFC, 8/8/04, p.B5)(AP, 5/26/07)
1972 May 28, Operatives working
for the Committee to Re-elect the President (CRP) burglarized the
Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Washington, DC,
Watergate office complex.
1972 May 28, Edward VIII, the
Duke of Windsor (b.1894), died of throat cancer in Paris. He had
abdicated the English throne (1936) to marry Wallis Warfield Simpson
1972 May 30, Three militants of
the Japanese Red Army staged a machine-gun and hand-grenade attack
at the Lod Airport in Israel. 24 people were killed and a 100
injured. The terrorists found refuge in Lebanon until 1997 when they
were arrested. Kozo Okamoto served 13 years of a life sentence in
Israel. In 2000 Lebanon granted asylum to Kozo Okamoto. 4 other
Japanese Red Army members were deported to Japan.
(SFC, 2/19/96, p.A8)(SFC, 3/18/00, p.A3)
1972 Jun 1, Iraq nationalized
the Iraq Petroleum Company controlled by British, American, Dutch
and French oil companies.
1972 Jun 1, Hanoi admits that
the US Operation Linebacker I is causing severe disruptions.
1972 Jun 2, Dion & the
Belmonts held a reunion concert at Madison Square Garden.
1972 Jun 2, Pres. Nixon in
discussion with aide Charles Colson said: We want to decimate the
god-damned place… North Vietnam is going to get reordered… it’s
about time. It’s what should have been done years ago."
(SFC, 3/1/02, p.A3)
1972 Jun 3, The Rolling Stones
began their US tour and concluded it on July 26. They hired Robert
Frank to film a documentary. The result was the film "C-Blues." In
1999 Dora Loewenstein authored "The Rolling Stones: A Life on the
4/12/98, DB p.56)(SFEM, 1/17/99, p.6)
Jun 3, Sally J. Priesand (25) was ordained the 1st female US rabbi
by Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati,
Ohio. Upon ordination Rabbi Pries accepted a position at Stephen
Wise Free Synagogue in NYC where she served for seven years, first
as Assistant Rabbi and then as Associate Rabbi. From 1979-1981, she
was Rabbi of Temple Beth El in Elizabeth, New Jersey and also served
as Chaplain at Manhattan's Lenox Hill Hospital. Since 1981, she has
served as Rabbi of Monmouth Reform Temple in New Jersey.
1972 Jun 4, Black militant
Angela Davis was found not guilty of murder, kidnapping, and
1972 Jun 5, A United Nations
Conference on the Human Environment began in Stockholm. World
Environment Day (WED) from this day on was celebrated every year on
5 June to raise global awareness of the need to take positive
1972 Jun 5, Yugoslav president
Tito (1892-1980) visited the USSR and received the Order of Lenin,
the highest national order of the USSR.
1972 Jun 6, David Bowie,
English rock musician, released his album "The Rise and Fall of
Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders From Mars."
1972 Jun 6, The US aircraft
carrier Coral Sea (CVA 43) launched three Marine A-6 Intruders and
six Navy A-7 Corsair attack planes toward the coast of North
Vietnam. Shortly afterward, the naval aircraft laid strings of
thirty-six 1,000-pound Mark 52 mines in the water approaches to
Haiphong, through which most of North Vietnam's imported war
material and all of its fuel supply passed.
1972 Jun 6, In Rhodesia (later
Zimbabwe) 418 people were killed in an underground explosion at a
1972 Jun 7, The musical
"Grease" opened at the Broadhurst Theatre, where it ran for five
months before transferring to the Royale Theatre. It had initially
opened at the Eden Theater in Manhattan on Feb 14, 1972.
1972 Jun 7, German Chancellor
Willy Brandt began a 5-day visit to Israel.
1972 Jun 8, John Plummer,
helicopter pilot and operations officer in Vietnam, ordered the
bombing of the village of Trang Bang. He did not know that villagers
had taken refuge there. AP photographer Nick Ut took a photo of
screaming children struck by napalm that showed 9-year-old Phan Thi
Kim Phuc standing naked in agony. Alan Downes (1938-1996) filmed
live TV footage of 9-year-old Kim Phuc and other children as they
fled down Highway One in South Vietnam to escape a village under US
napalm attack. On Nov 11, 1996 Plummer met with Phan Thi Kim at the
Vietnam memorial in Washington in reconciliation. It was later
disclosed that the actual pilot responsible was a South Vietnamese
air force officer. In 2000 Denise Chong authored "The Girl in the
Picture: The Story of Kim Phuc and the Photograph That Changed the
course of the Vietnam War."
(SFC, 10/11/96, p.A24)(SFC, 11/12/96, p.A3)(SFEC,
4/13/97, p.A1,12)(SFC, 12/18/97, p.A3)(SFEC, 8/20/00, BR p.1)
1972 Jun 9, Joseph Brodsky
(1940-1996), Russian poet, arrived in Ann Arbor, Mich., after being
deported from the Soviet Union. He won the 1987 Nobel Prize in
1972 Jun 9, John Paul Vann,
American military adviser, was killed in a helicopter accident in
South Vietnam. He posthumously was awarded the highest American
civilian award, the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
1972 Jun 12, The film “Deep
Throat" was released in NYC. Linda Lovelace, aka Linda Boreman
(1949-2002), made a hit with her film, the first movie to score a
100 from Screw Magazine. She signed for the film after a performance
in which she was mounted by a German shepherd. Boreman later became
an anti-porn advocate.
p.A12)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0068468/)(SFC, 4/23/02, p.A18)
1972 Jun 12, Richard
Kleindienst (1923-2000) was sworn in as the attorney general after
John Mitchell left to head the Committee to Re-Elect the President.
1972 Jun 12, At a hearing in
front the of a U.S. House of Representatives committee, Air Force
General John Lavalle defended his orders on engagement in Vietnam.
1972 Jun 12, Saul Alinsky
(b.1909), founder of the Industrial Areas Foundation, died in
Carmel, Ca. He is generally considered the father of community
1972 Jun 12, Edmund Wilson
(b.1895), author and American literary critic, died. His novels
included “Memoirs of Hecate County" (1946). In 1995 Jeffrey Meyers
wrote a biography of Mr. Wilson, wherein he documented Wilson’s
relationships with four wives and numerous mistresses as well as his
writings. In 2005 Lewis M. Dabney authored “Edmund Wilson: A Life in
Literature." In 2007 the Library of America published 2 volumes of
his literary criticism.
(WSJ, 4/26/95, p.A-14)(WSJ, 8/26/05,
p.W6)(www.nndb.com/people/238/000084983/)(WSJ, 9/28/07, p.W4)
1972 Jun 15, Ulrike Meinhof
(1934-1976), co-leader of the Baader-Meinhof gang, was arrested in
(SFC, 1/10/01, p.A8)(WSJ, 4/3/09,
1972 Jun 17, President Nixon's
eventual downfall began when five men were arrested for breaking
into the Democratic National Committee offices at the Watergate
hotel at 1:52 a.m. Carl Schloffler (1945-1996), undercover police
officer, made the arrest. Howard Hunt and G. Gordon Liddy ran the
break-in from a nearby hotel room. Within hours of the bust Liddy
attempted to shred all related documents. After the arrests of the
burglars, White House Counsel John Dean took custody of evidence and
money from the White House safe of E. Howard Hunt, Jr., who had been
supervising the burglaries, and later destroyed some of the evidence
before it could be found by investigators The five burglars, led by
former CIA agent James McCord Jr. (1924-2019), were soon linked to
Nixon's Committee for the Re-election of the President (CREEP) and,
as suspicion grew, Nixon conspired to obstruct an FBI investigation
of the incident. Nixon's conversations about the obstruction and
subsequent cover-up had been tape-recorded as part of a secret
tape-recording system revealed to investigators by Nixon's schedule
keeper. Jeb Magruder later wrote "An American Life." The book has
been described as the most accurate description of what happened.
Stanley I. Kutler later authored "The Wars of Watergate." Liddy
later asserted that John Dean was really after a brochure of
call-girl pictures kept by DNC secretary Ida Wells that included a
picture of Dean’s girlfriend, Maureen Biner.
(SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-2)(TMC, 1994, p.1972)(SFC,
7/16/96, p.A14)(SFC, 2/1/99, p.A3) (HNPD, 6/17/99)(SFC, 2/4/00,
p.D9)(SFC, 1/31/01, p.A2)(SSFC, 4/21/19, p.C9)
1972 Jun 17, Chile’s president
Allende changed his Cabinet. The two most prominent departures were
Brigadier General Pedro Palacios Cameron from Mines and Pedro
Vuskovic from Economy.
1972 Jun 18, A BEA Trident,
Flight BE548, crashed after takeoff from Heathrow killing 118
1972 Jun 19, Ronald L. Ziegler,
the president's Press Secretary, characterized the break-in that had
occurred two days earlier at the Democratic National Committee in
the Watergate, "a third-rate burglary." Links between the burglars
and White House consultant E. Howard Hunt and the Committee to
Reelect the President soon surfaced, leading to the Watergate
scandals that resulted in the resignation of President Nixon on
August 9, 1974.
1972 Jun 19, Two days after the
botched Watergate break-in, FBI official W. Mark Felt secretly
assured Bob Woodward that The Washington Post could safely make a
connection between the burglars and a former CIA agent linked to the
White House, E. Howard Hunt. Woodward’s secret source for
information became known as Deep Throat, and Felt’s name was not
made public until 2005. In 2006 Mark Felt and John O’Connor authored
“A G-Man’s Life: The FBI, Being “Deep Throat," and the Struggle for
Honor in Washington."
(http://tinyurl.com/cva26)(SSFC, 5/21/06, p.M3)
1972 Jun 19, The US Supreme
Court voted 5-3 to confirm lower court rulings in the Curt Flood
case, which upheld baseball's exemption from antitrust laws.
1972 Jun 20, President Richard
Nixon named General Creigton Abrams as Commander-in-Chief of the
U.S. armed forces.
1972 Jun 20, Pres. Nixon
recorded on tape information relating to the Jun 16 Watergate
break-in. Sections of the tape were later erased, allegedly
accidentally by sec. Rose Mary Woods. A panel of experts examined
the tape to see if the 18-minute gap was intentional. Richard H.
Bolt (d.2002 at 90), acoustic expert at Bolt, Beranek and Newman,
later said that if it was an accident than it was committed at least
5 times in the 18 minutes.
(SFC, 2/4/02, p.B5)
1972 Jun 21, The TV sitcom
"Corner Bar" began its 1st of 2 seasons.
(SFEC, 3/30/97, DB.
1972 Jun 23, President Nixon
and White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman discussed a plan to use
the CIA to obstruct the FBI's Watergate investigation. Revelation of
the tape recording of this conversation sparked Nixon's resignation
in 1974. In the "smoking gun" tape Pres. Nixon told his chief of
Staff, H.R. Haldeman, to tell top CIA officials that "the president
believes this (in reference to Watergate) is going to open the whole
Bay of Pigs thing up again." Nixon counseled Haldeman on how to use
deception to thwart an FBI investigation on how Watergate was
(SFC, 6/23/96, p.B11)(SFC, 11/19/96, p.A10)(AP,
1972 Jun 23, Pres. Nixon signed
the federal Title IX of the Education Amendment for
nondiscrimination and affirmative action as an amendment to the 1964
Civil Rights Act. In 1975 it was bolstered strengthened to insure
equal rights for women’s sports programs.
(GEG, 6/96, p.4)(SFC, 6/23/98, p.A3)(WSJ,
4/25/02, p.D9)(SSFC, 6/24/07, p.E1)(SFC, 6/9/14, p.C4)
1972 Jun 24, The song "I Am
Woman," by Helen Reddy, was released by Capitol Records.
1972 Jun 25, San Francisco’s
first Gay Pride Parade, called the Christopher Street West Parade,
attracted some 2000 participants and 15,000 spectators. Mayor Alioto
refused to proclaim "Gay Liberation Day."
(SFEC, 5/23/99, Z1 p.4)(SFC, 6/18/16, p.A1)
1972 Jun 28, US Pres. Nixon
announced that no new draftees will be sent to Vietnam. South
Vietnamese troops began a counter-offensive to retake Quang Tri
Province, aided by US Navy gunfire and B-52 bombardments.
1972 Jun 29, The US Supreme
Court ruled in Furman v. Georgia that the death penalty could
constitute "cruel and unusual punishment." The ruling prompted
states to revise their capital punishment laws. Four years later,
the Supreme Court reinstated the death penalty for murder cases.
1972 Jun 29, The US Supreme
Court ruled in Branzburg v. Hayes that “The First Amendment does not
relieve a newspaper reporter of the obligation that all citizens
have to respond to a grand jury subpoena and answer questions
relevant to a criminal investigation, and therefore the Amendment
does not afford him a constitutional testimonial privilege for an
agreement he makes to conceal facts relevant to a grand jury's
investigation of a crime or to conceal the criminal conduct of his
source or evidence thereof."
1972 Jun, George Balanchine and
his NYC Ballet presented 22 new dances set to the music of
Stravinsky: "Symphony in Three Movements."
(WSJ, 11/21/02, p.D6)
1972 Jul 1, Ms. Magazine
published its first regular issue. Ms. was launched as a "one-shot"
sample insert in New York Magazine in December 1971. The debut issue
featured Wonder Woman on the cover.
1972 Jul 1, "Hair" closed at
Biltmore Theater in NYC after 1750 performances.
1972 Jul 1, The first Rainbow
Gathering began in Colorado’s Roosevelt National Forest. It has been
held annually in the United States from July 1 - 7 every year on
National Forest land.
1972 Jul 2, India and Pakistan
signed the Simla Agreement that provided for a bilateral settlement
of disputes and a "Line of Control" in Kashmir. Article 6 of the
accord clearly states: "Both governments agree... to discuss further
the modalities and arrangements for the establishment of durable
peace and normalization of relations," including "a final settlement
of the Jammu and Kashmir."
1972 Jul 4, Lee Hu-rak
(1924-2009), South Korean President Park Chung-hee’s top
intelligence officer, helped broker a joint statement in which the
two Koreas agreed to work toward peacefully reunifying their divided
peninsula. The July 4 joint communique was hailed as the first major
accord between the Koreas on unification since the Korean War ended
with a fragile truce in 1953.
1972 Jul 6, Pierre Messmer
(1916-2007), former member of the French Resistance, began serving
as prime minister of France under President Georges Pompidou.
1972 Jul 7, In Japan Kekuei
Tanaka (1918-1993) began serving as prime minister.
1972 Jul 7, Athenagoras
(b.1886), 268th patriarch of Constantinople, died.
1972 Jul 8, The US signed an
agreement to sell grain to USSR for $750 million. Soviet grain
buyers over 6 weeks purchased the US grain. This was later called
the "great grain robbery" and the privately-held agribusiness giant
Cargill played a major role. The story of Cargill was told in the
1998 book "Cargill Going Global" by Wayne Broehl Jr.
(http://tinyurl.com/5qvx8c)(PC, 1992, p.1040)
1972 Jul 9, The body Kwame
Nkrumah (1909-1972), former head of Ghana (1952-1966), was returned
to Nkroful, Ghana, for burial.
1972 Jul 10, During an extended
drought a herd of stampeding elephants killed 24 in the Chandka
Forest of India.
1972 Jul 11, American forces
broke the 95-day siege at An Loc in Vietnam.
1972 Jul 13, George McGovern
claimed the Democratic presidential nomination at the party's
convention in Miami Beach, Fla. McGovern defeated Scoop Jackson for
the nomination. McGovern’s campaign was led by Jean Westwood (d.1997
at 73), the first woman to chair a major US political party.
McGovern was nominated as candidate with Sen. Eagleton for
vice-president. Sen. Eagleton later dropped out after it was learned
that he suffered from a serious clinical emotional illness. The
Democratic competition for president included Vice-President Hubert
Humphrey, Sen. Ed Muskie, Gov. Terry Sanford, Sen. Henry Jackson,
Mayor John Lindsay, and Rep. Shirley Chisholm.
(WSJ, 8/5/96, p.A10)(WSJ, 2/26/96, p.A-10)(SFC,
8/23/97, p.A20)(AP, 7/13/07)
1972 Jul 13, The rules of the
McGovern-Fraser commission were first applied at the Democratic
convention in Miami. The commission had been created by the
Democratic National Committee (DNC) in response to the tumultuous
1968 Democratic National Convention.
1972 Jul 14, The US State
Department criticized actress Jane Fonda for making antiwar radio
broadcasts in Hanoi, calling them "distressing."
1972 Jul 17, The first women
since the 1920s were officially hired as special FBI
1972 Jul 18, Egypt’s President
Sadat demanded that the USSR withdraw all military advisors from
1972 Jul 21, A total of 22
IRA-bombs exploded in Belfast killing 9 people including two
soldiers. 130 civilians were injured in what came to be called
1972 Jul 22, Eddy Merckx
(b.1945)), Belgian professional cyclist, won his 4th consecutive
Tour de France.
1972 Jul 23, NASA launched the
Landsat-1 satellite. It viewed Earth at different wavelengths and
opened a new era in sensing the planet’s resources and environment.
(SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A14)
1972 Jul 24, Bhutan’s King
Jigme Dorji Wangchuck died while on safari in Kenya. His son Jigme
Druk Gyalpo Jigme Singye Wangchuck (b.1955), the 4th of his dynasty,
(WSJ, 3/6/97, p.A1)(SFEC, 2/23/96, p.T5)(SSFC,
1972 Jul 25, US health
officials conceded that blacks were used as guinea pigs in the 40
year Tuskegee Syphilis Study in Macon County, Ala. By this time 28
participants had died of syphilis, 100 were dead of related
complications, at least 40 wives had been infected and 19 children
had contracted the disease at birth [see 1932].
1972 Jul 27, "Applause" closed
at Palace Theater in NYC after 900 performances.
1972 Jul 29, In Britain a
national dock strike occurred.
(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A2)
1972 Jul 31, Thomas F. Eagleton
was chosen by the Democratic Party convention and presidential
candidate George McGovern on July 31, 1972 as the Vice presidential
candidate. He withdrew from the 1972 Democratic Party ticket because
of publicity surrounding his hospitalization for psychiatric
treatment. The senator from Missouri was asked to withdraw by
McGovern after reporters discovered and published information about
his three hospitalizations for psychiatric disorders.
(AP, 7/31/97)(HNQ, 4/25/00)
1972 Jul 31, George Wright,
dressed as a priest and using an alias, hijacked a Delta flight from
Detroit to Miami with four other BLA members and three children.
They released 86 other passengers in exchange for a $1 million
ransom and forced the plane to fly to Boston. There an international
navigator was taken aboard, and the plane was flown to Algeria,
where the hijackers sought asylum. Wright's associates were tracked
down, arrested, tried and convicted in Paris in 1976. In 2011 Wright
(68) was arrested in Portugal.
1972 Jul 31, The British army
launched "Operation Motorman" to regain control of Catholic parts of
Belfast and Londonderry that had been closed off by IRA road
barricades since 1971. An IRA attack followed in Claudy,
Northern Ireland, and 3 car bombs killed 9 people. In 2002 a court
case was reopened following allegations that Rev. Jim Chesney
(d.1980), a deceased Roman Catholic priest, had led the Claudy
attack. In 2010 a new report said the British government and the
Roman Catholic church colluded to cover up the involvement of Rev.
(AP, 10/1/02)(AP, 11/29/05)(AP, 8/24/10)(Econ,
1972 Jul, Robert Metcalf
(b.1946) at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) combined packet
switching from the Arpanet and single wire broadcasting to lay the
foundations for computer networks. This system was called Ethernet
and marked the first Internet message. The IEEE committee 802.3
later defined the Ethernet standard. He later fixed May 22, 1973, as
the birthdate of Ethernet, a day on which he circulated a memo about
his ideas to PARC colleagues.
(WSJ, 11/14/94, p.R26)(SFEC, 3/28/99, Z1
p.8)(Econ, 6/12/04, p.26)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.23)
1972 Jul, Actress Jane Fonda
traveled to North Vietnam and posed for a photograph with North
Vietnamese soldiers. This sealed her reputation as "Hanoi Jane." She
later regretted the photo.
(SFC, 6/21/00, p.E5)
1972 Aug 1, The 1st article
exposing Watergate scandal was published by Bernstein and Woodward.
1972 Aug 3, The US Senate
ratified the Anti Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM treaty). It banned
the construction of systems to defend against ballistic missile
attacks. It had been signed in Moscow on May 26 and entered into
force on October 3.
1972 Aug 4, Arthur Bremer
(b.1950) was sentenced to 63 years for shooting Alabama Gov. Wallace
and 3 bystanders on May 15, 1972, in Laurel, Maryland. An appeal
reduced the sentence to 53 years. After 35 years of incarceration,
Bremer was released from prison on parole on November 9, 2007. He
remains on probation until 2025 and resides in a halfway house in
1972 Aug 4, Uganda’s president
Idi Amin gave some 50,000 Asians 90 days to leave the country
following an alleged dream in which, he claimed, God told him to
1972 Aug 8, A special meeting
of the Democratic National Committee on August 8 chose R. Sargent
Shriver, the former director of the Peace Corps, as McGovern‘s
running mate. The Democrat ticket was swamped in the general
election by incumbent President Richard Nixon in the November 7
1972 Aug 9, The pesticide
Compound 1080, or sodium fluoroacetate, was banned as of this day by
the EPA. It had been used against coyotes but other animals were
dying from its use. It was reinstated in 1985 for use in livestock
protection collars. DDT was banned.
5/17/97, p.A17)(SFC, 6/18/99, p.A3)
1972 Aug 10, An Earth-grazing
meteoroid grazed the atmosphere above Canada. It entered the Earth's
atmosphere in daylight over Utah.
1972 Aug 12, "Oh! Calcutta!"
closed at Belasco Theater in NYC.
1972 Aug 12, As the last US
ground troops left Vietnam, B-52's made their largest strike of the
(HN, 8/12/98)(AP, 8/12/01)
1972 Aug 15, In Argentina 22
members of guerrilla groups escaped from prison in the city of
Rawson and took over the airport in nearby Trelew, about 800 miles
south of Buenos Aires. Military forces guarding the airport managed
to arrest 19, while three escaped by plane to Chile. 19 guerrillas
were transferred to the base Almirante Zar. On August 22 they were
machine-gunned in their cells. Alberto Camps, Mary Berger and
Ricardo Haidar survived the attack and reported the crime, only to
disappear in the late 1970s during the military dictatorship that
lasted from 1976 to 1983. In 2008 federal police arrested two
retired military officers in connection with the massacre of the 16
leftist guerrillas. In 1973 journalist Tomas Eloy Martínez authored
“The Passion According to Trelew." It was banned by the Argentine
1972 Aug 15, The Italian town
of Grazie di Curtatone began its Int’l. Street Painting Festival.
This revived a 16th century practice by itinerant artists who
traveled from village to village for religious and folk festivals.
(WSJ, 5/16/06, p.D6)
1972 Aug 16, The Moroccan Air
Force attempted to shoot down a Boeing 727 carrying King Hassan II.
The attempt failed and the coup leaders were arrested. Gen. Mohammad
Oufkir was shot to death for the attack. In 2000 a letter was
produced that implicated Abderrahmane Youssoufi, the prime minister,
in conspiracy with Oufkir.
(SFC, 7/24/99, p.A9)(SFC, 12/15/00,
1972 Aug 17, The International
Tribunal in The Hague pronounced that the Icelanders did not have
sovereignty over the areas between 12 and 50 miles. The Icelandic
government protested and decided to take no notice of this decree.
1972 Aug 21, The US Republican
convention opened in Miami Beach, Florida.
1972 Aug 21, The US orbiting
astronomy observatory Copernicus was launched.
1972 Aug 21, Donald A. Cameron,
British aeronaut, made the 1st hot air balloon flight over the Alps.
1972 Aug 22, US Congress
created the Idaho’s Sawtooth National Recreation Area.
1972 Aug 22, In Bratislava,
Slovakia, the Novy Most (New Bridge) opened over the Danube. A
section of the Old Town was bulldozed for its creation.
1972 Aug 23, The Republican
National Convention, meeting in Miami Beach, Fla., nominated Vice
President Spiro T. Agnew for a second term. The 1989 film "Born on
the Fourth of July" portrayed the riots outside the Republican
(SFEC, 11/3/96, Par p.2)(SFEC, 9/6/98, DB
1972 Aug 26, In southern Chile
the Calbuco volcano erupted for four hours. It is considered one of
the top three most potentially dangerous among Chile's 90 active
1972 Aug 26, The XX Olympiad
opened in Munich, Germany. The IOC had withdrawn Rhodesia’s
invitation to the summer Olympics after several African nations
threatened a boycott.
1972 Aug 26, Sir Francis
Chichester (b.1901), English adventurer, died. In 1966-67 he sailed
around the world alone in his 53-foot yacht, Gypsy Moth IV.
1972 Aug 27, The USS Newport
News CA-148 and three other ships (USS Rowan DD-782, USS Providence
CLG-6, and USS Robison DDG-12) carried out a night time raid against
heavily defended targets at the mouth of Haiphong Harbor.
1972 Aug 28, Prince William of
Gloucester was killed in an air race near Wolverhampton in the west
1972 Aug 29, Rene Leibowitz
(b.1913), Warsaw-born French conductor and composer, died in Paris.
1972 Aug 31, At the Munich
Summer Olympics American swimmer Mark Spitz won his fourth and fifth
gold medals, in the 100-meter butterfly and 800-meter freestyle
1972 Aug 31, Olga Korbut
(b.1955) of Belarus, USSR, won Olympic gold medal in floor exercises
and the balance beam.
1972 Sep 1, American Bobby
Fischer won the international chess crown in Reykjavik, Iceland,
defeating Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union.
1972 Sep 2, Dave Wottle of the
United States won the men's 800-meter race at the Munich Summer
1972 Sep 4, In San Francisco
the Playland-at-the-Beach amusement park was bulldozed on Labor Day
Weekend. Playland shut its gates and some 40 Fascination tables were
transferred to a Market Street arcade. Fascination was invented by
John Gibbs of Los Angeles and combined the skill of bowling with the
luck of Bingo. The head of Laughing Sal was stolen on closure and
turned up in 2004.
(SFC, 8/5/00, p.A1)(SSFC, 3/14/04, p.B2)(SSFC,
7/3/05, p.F6)(SFC, 5/31/08, p.B2)
1972 Sep 4, The TV game show
"The Price Is Right" returned with Bob Barker and continued for 35
seasons. A nighttime version also began this year hosted by Dennis
James (1917-1997) up to 1977.
1972 Sep 4, U.S. swimmer Mark
Spitz won a record seventh Olympic gold medal in the 400-meter relay
at the Munich Summer Olympics.
1972 Sep 5, Terror struck the
Munich Olympic games in West Germany as Arab guerrillas attacked the
Israeli delegation. Palestinian terrorists killed 2 athletes and
took 9 others and their coaches hostage. Eleven Israelis, five
guerrillas and a police officer were killed in a 20-hour siege. The
Palestinian commandos were linked to Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich
Ramirez Sanchez. In 1983 George Jonas authored “Vengeance," an
account of an Israeli hit squad ordered to track down those
responsible for the Munich attack. In 2000 the TV documentary "One
Day in September" depicted the events. In 2005 Aaron J. Klein
authored “Striking Back," and account of Israel’s response to the
Munich attack. The 2005 the Stephen Spielberg film “Munich" was
based on the book by George Jonas.
(SFC, 12/11/97, p.C2)(WSJ, 9/8/00, p.W4)(WSJ,
12/21/05, p.D10)(WSJ, 1/14/06, p.A9)
1972 Sep 6, The Summer Olympics
resumed in Munich, West Germany, a day after the deadly hostage
crisis that claimed the lives of 11 Israelis and five Arab
1972 Sep 7, Pres. Nixon said
that he wanted Ted Kennedy covered by a Secret Service spy because
he saw him as a political threat.
(SFC, 2/8/97, p.A3)
1972 Sep 7, The Commissioner of
Indian Affairs in a memorandum extended federal recognition to the
Chippewa tribe of Sault Ste. Marie in Northern Michigan. The meaning
of this federal recognition was further clarified in a memorandum by
the Associate Solicitor for Indian Affairs on February 27, 1974.
1972 Sep 8, The Int’l. Olympic
Committee banned Vince Matthews and Wayne Collett from further
competition for talking to each other on the victory stand in Munich
during the playing of the "Star-Spangled Banner" after winning the
gold and silver medals in the 400-meter run.
1972 Sep 10, At the Munich
Summer Olympics, the US Olympic basketball team lost to the Soviets,
51-50, in a gold-medal match marked by controversy because officials
ordered the final three seconds of the game replayed, enabling the
Soviets to win. The US protested, to no avail. Frank Shorter of the
United States won the men's marathon at the Munich Olympics.
1972 Sep 11, The first trial of
serial killer Juan Corona began in Colusa County, Ca. It ended up
1972 Sep 11, Max Fleischer
(b.1889), Viennese-born cartoonist, died in California. In the 1930s
he introduced the character of 'Betty Boop' in the "Dizzy Dishes"
cartoons which brought him great fame.
1972 Sep 11, The troubled 20th
Olympic games closed at Munich, German FR.
1972 Sep 12, The TV situation
comedy "Maude" premiered on CBS and continued to 1978. Bill Macy
(1922-2019) played Walter Findlay, the husband of Bea Arthur.
(AP, 9/12/02)(SFC, 1/17/13, p.D6)(SSFC, 10/20/19,
1972 Sep 12, William Lawrence
Boyd (b.1895), American film actor best known for portraying
Hopalong Cassidy, died.
1972 Sep 14, The family drama
series "The Waltons" premiered on CBS.
1972 Sep 15, Two former White
House aides and five other men were indicted on charges of
conspiracy in the break-in at Democratic National Committee
headquarters in Washington.
1972 Sep 16, "The Bob Newhart
Show" premiered on CBS and ended in 1978. Suzanne Pleshette
(1937-2008) played Bob Newhart’s wife.
(AP, 9/16/97)(SSFC, 1/20/08, p.A2)
1972 Sep 16, Marine sergeant
William Miller was shot and killed near Camp Lejeune, NC. In 2009
three people faced murder charges after prosecutors alleged that the
murder was the result of a love triangle centered around Miller’s
ex-wife, Vickie Babbitt. Fellow ex-Marine George Hayden (57), who
married Babbit after Miller’s death, was alleged to have shot
Miller. Ex-Marine Rodger Gill (56) was alleged to have witnessed the
(SFC, 12/31/09, p.A7)
1972 Sep 16, South Vietnamese
troops recaptured Quang Tri province in South Vietnam from the North
1972 Sep 17, "M*A*S*H" (MASH)
premiered on CBS-TV.
1972 Sep 18, In Pennsylvania
the body of Morgan Peters was found along the Pennsylvania Turnpike.
In 2019 Ohio inmate Larry Joseph Via (75) was charged with criminal
homicide and robbery in the death of Peters (29), who had been shot
in the back, following a grand jury investigation that began in
2017. Police cited writing by Via published in biker magazines.
1972 Sep 18, Thousands of
Gujarati Indians began arriving in Britain following their expulsion
from Uganda by Dictator Idi Amin. Deprived of its business class the
nation soon plummeted into economic chaos.
(http://tinyurl.com/2lm7n5)(SFC, 8/16/03, p.A21)
1972 Sep 19, Robert M Casadesus
(b.1899), French pianist and composer, died in Paris. His Seventh
Symphony, Op.68, with the chorus "Israel," was premiered at Alice
Tully Hall at New York's Lincoln Center a few weeks later.
1972 Sep 19, A Black September
letter bomb killed Ami Shehori (Shachori), Israeli attache at the
embassy in London.
1972 Sep 20, The NBC TV series
“Madigan" premiered with Richard Widmark (1914-2008).
(SFC, 3/27/08, p.A2)
1972 Sep 21, Ferdinand Marcos
(b.1929) signed Proclamation 1081 placing the Philippines under a
state of martial rule, which lasted for the next 14 years.
1972 Sep 26, Richard M. Nixon
met with Emperor Hirohito in Anchorage, Alaska, the first-ever
meeting of a U.S. President and a Japanese Monarch.
1972 Sep 28, Japan and
Communist China agreed to re-establish diplomatic relations.
1972 Oct 1, Louis Leakey
(b.1903), Kenyan archeologist and naturalist, died in London. He was
flown home and interred at Limuru, Kenya, near the graves of his
1972 Oct 4, Judge John Sirica
imposed a gag order on the Watergate break-in case.
1972 Oct 6, In Saltillo,
Mexico, a 22-car train carrying 2,000 religious pilgrims derailed
and caught fire. 208 people were killed.
(SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)(AP, 2/18/04)
1972 Oct 8, The TV series "Hec
Ramsey" premiered with Richard Boone as a gunfighter intrigued with
new methods of criminology. It was written, directed and produced by
Douglas Benton (d.2000 at 75).
1972 Oct 11, There was an
attempted prison escape at the Washington DC jail. In 1975
Appellants Frank Gorham, Jr., and Otis D. Wilkerson were indicted,
along with co-defendants Meltonia Fields and Linda Ewing, on counts
of conspiracy, introducing contraband into a penal institution,
armed kidnapping, and armed robbery, and both appellants were
indicted individually on counts of attempted escape and escape from
custody. The charges grew out of appellants' abortive attempt to
escape from the D.C. jail on October 11, 1972, and their successful
escape two weeks later.
1972 Oct 11, In Turkey the
National Salvation Party formed as the successor of the banned
National Order Party (Milli Nizam Partisi, MNP). Necmettin Erbakan
returned home to take leadership.
1972 Oct 11, A French mission
in Vietnam was destroyed by a U.S. bombing raid.
1972 Oct 12, On the US aircraft
carrier Kitty Hawk a series of incidents broke out wherein a group
of blacks, armed with chains, wrenches, bars, broomsticks and other
dangerous weapons, went marauding through sections of the ship
disobeying orders to cease, terrorizing the crew, and seeking out
white personnel for senseless beating with fists and with weapons
which resulted in extremely serious injury to three men and the
medical treatment of many more, including some blacks.
1972 Oct 12, US House
Resolution 16444, establishing the Golden Gate National Recreation
Area (GGNRA), was passed by Congress and was signed by President
Richard Nixon 15 days later. The island of Alcatraz was incorporated
into this park. California Congressman Phillip Burton pushed through
legislation preserving thousands of acres of forested hills, valleys
and rugged shoreline. Burton got Congress to agree to transfer the
Presidio in San Francisco to the park service if the army ever
6/27/99, Z1 p.1,4)(SFCM, 4/25/04, p.18)(SFC, 10/4/96, p.A21)
1972 Oct 13, Aeroflot Il-62
crashed in large pond outside Moscow and 176 died.
1972 Oct 13, A Uruguay to Chile
Fairchild FH-227 turboprop carrying 45 people crashed in the Andes
Mountains. The event was concluded by December 23, 1972 when the
last of 16 survivors were rescued. The group survived by
collectively making a decision to eat flesh from the bodies of their
dead comrades. The book “Alive: The Story of the Andes Survivors,"
published two years after their rescue, was written by Piers Paul
Read, who interviewed the survivors and their families.
1972 Oct 16, A small plane
disappeared during a flight from Anchorage to Juneau. On board were
Thomas Hale Boggs Sr. (b.1914), US Congressman from Louisiana,
Representative Nick Begich of Alaska, Begich’s aide Russell Brown
and the pilot, Don Jonz. House Resolution 1 of January 3, 1973,
officially recognized Boggs's presumed death and opened the way for
a special election. Boggs’s wife, Lindy Boggs, (1916-2013), won the
special election and served to 1991.
1972 Oct 17, Bob Randall's play
"6 Rooms Riv Vu," premiered in NYC.
1972 Oct 17, The European
Communities Act, an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom,
legislated for the accession of the United Kingdom to the European
1972 Oct 17, Peace talks
between Pathet Lao and Royal Lao government began in Vietnam.
1972 Oct 18, The Federal Water
Pollution Control Act Amendments, sponsored by Senator Ed Muskie of
Maine, was passed. It was amended in 1977 and became known as the
Clean Water Act. It gave EPA the authority to implement pollution
control programs such as setting wastewater standards for industry.
1972 Oct 18,
In Norway Lars Korvald (1916-2006) became the first Christian
Democrat to serve as prime minister.
1972 Oct 21, Henry Kissinger
and Le Duc Tho reached a cease-fire agreement. It was signed Jan 27,
(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.A19)
1972 Oct 21, The US Marine
Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) was enacted. Prof. Kenneth Norris
(d.1998 at 74) helped write the legislation.
(PacDis, Fall/’96, p.3)(SFC, 8/31/98,
1972 Oct 22, Operation
Linebacker I, the bombing of North Vietnam with B-52 bombers, ended.
U.S. warplanes flew 40,000 sorties and dropped over 125,000 tons of
bombs during the bombing campaign which effectively disrupted North
Vietnam's Easter Offensive. During the failed offensive, the North
suffered an estimated 100,000 military casualties and lost half its
tanks and artillery. Leader of the offensive, legendary General Vo
Nguyen Giap, the victor at Dien Bien Phu, was then quietly ousted in
favor of his deputy Gen. Van Tien Dung. 40,000 South Vietnamese
soldiers died stopping the offensive, in the heaviest fighting of
the entire war.
1972 Oct 22, The Oakland
Athletics beat the Cincinnati Reds 3-2 in a 7th game to win the
World Series, bringing home the first Bay Area’s baseball world
championship. It was the first of 3 in a row.
1972 Oct 23, Jascha Haifetz
(b.1901), virtuoso violinist, performed his farewell concert in Los
Angeles at the age of 72.
1972 Oct 23, The musical
"Pippin" opened on Broadway and ran for 1944 performances.
1972 Oct 23, The US Marine
Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 became law.
1972 Oct 23, Cumberland Island
off the coast of Georgia was established as a National Seashore.
1972 Oct 24, Henry Kissinger in
secret unauthorized talks in Paris proposed to end the war in
Vietnam by this date, but was urged by Pres. Nixon to stretch the
timing a few months so as to insure re-election in Nov. A drama was
made in 1995 depicting these events based on the book by Walter
Isaacson: “Kissinger: A Biography." The peace agreement allowed
North Vietnam to keep its army in the South.
(WSJ, 11/30/95, p.A-20)(WSJ, 1/23/96, p.A-15)
1972 Oct 24, Jackie Robinson,
1st black baseball player (Brooklyn Dodgers), died at 53 of
complications from diabetes. In 1983 Prof. Jules Tygiel (1949-2007)
authored "Baseball’s Great Experiment: Jackie Robinson and His
Legacy." In 1997 Arnold Rampersad published the biography "Jackie
(WSJ, 10/17/97, p.A20)(SFEC, 4/2/00, BR p.1)(SFC,
1972 Oct 26, The Washington
Post first disclosed that Attorney General of the United States,
John Mitchell, personally controlled a secret fund to finance
intelligence operations against Democrats during the Nixon
administration. The money financed spying and sabotaging Democratic
primary campaigns in 1972 and included activity such as forgery of
correspondence, release of false leaks to the press and seizure of
confidential campaign files.
1972 Oct 26, National security
adviser Henry Kissinger declared, "Peace is at hand" in Vietnam.
1972 Oct 26, Igor Sikorsky
(b.1889), Ukraine-born helicopter pioneer, died in Connecticut.
(HNPD, 10/27/98)(ON, 3/06,
1972 Oct 26, Major Mathieu
Kerekou (b.1933) took power in Dahomey (later Benin) in a coup and
proclaimed it a Marxist-Leninist state.
1972 Oct 27, The US Noise
Control Act of 1972, Public Law 92-574, allowed states or US
territories to set noise-control laws.
(SFC, 1/3/02, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/5usyxa)
1972 Oct 27, Federal
legislation established the Golden Gate National Recreation Area in
the Bay Area of SF. The park was expanded from 870 acres in 1948 to
6,300 acres by 1972.
6/27/99, Z1 p.1,4)(SFCM, 4/25/04, p.18)
1972 Oct 29, Hijackers of a
German Lufthansa passenger jet demanded the release of the three
surviving terrorists, who had been arrested after the
Fürstenfeldbruck gunfight and were being held for trial. They forced
West Germany to release 3 terrorists who were involved in the Munich
1972 Oct 29, Charles A. Tuller,
his 2 sons and William White Graham hijacked an Eastern Airlines jet
from Houston and flew to Cuba 4 days after an abortive bank robbery
in Arlington, Va. The robbery left 2 people dead in Arlington and a
ticket agent dead in Houston. This was the second-to-last successful
hijacking from the United States to Cuba before the signing of an
anti-hijacking agreement between the two countries in February,
1972 Oct 30, 45 people were
killed when an Illinois Central Gulf commuter train collided with
another train in Chicago's South Side.
1972 Oct, Money Magazine
launched its 1st issue.
1972 Oct, Hanoi dropped all its
political demands for dismantling the South Vietnamese government.
(WSJ, 2/5/96, p.A-19)
1972 Nov 1, Ezra Pound
(b.1885), American poet, died in Italy. In 2007 A. David Moody
authored “Ezra Pound: Poet: The Young Genius 1885-1920."
1972 Nov 2, In Seattle, Wa.,
ground was officially broken for the new Kingdome. It was completed
in 1976. It was destroyed Mar 26, 2000.
1972 Nov 7, President Richard
Nixon was re-elected in a landslide over Democrat George McGovern.
(TMC, 1994, p.1972)(AP, 11/7/97)
1972 Nov 7, Jesse Helms
(1921-2008) of North Carolina, who had switched to the Republican
Party in 1970, was elected to the US Senate, the first Republican
from NC in the 20th century.
(SFC, 7/4/08, p.A2)
1972 Nov 7, California voters
passed Proposition 20 allowing the creation of the Coastal
Commission to regulate construction along the coast. In 2002 a state
appeals court ruled it unconstitutional.
1972 Nov 7, In California Prop.
17 authorized the death penalty in the state Constitution with a
67.5 majority vote.
(SFC, 10/2/14, p.D2)
1972 Nov 7, Delaware elected
Joseph Biden (b.1942) as one of its US Senators. Biden was
re-elected in 1978, 1984, 1990, 1996 and 2002.
(SSFC, 8/24/08, p.A15)
1972 Nov 8, The Green Channel
of Manhattan became Home Box Office (HBO). Time Life gained control
of HBO in March, 1973. HBO soon began transmitting programs to cable
TV subscribers in Wilkes-Barre, Pa. The 1st cablecast was a National
League Hockey game.
(WSJ, 1/11/00, p.B1)(SFC, 4/3/01, p.C1)
1972 Nov 9, The "Trail of
Broken Treaties" caravan, an Indian protest, ended in vandalism and
chaos at the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Washington, D.C. The story
is told in the 1996 book "Like A Hurricane, The Indian Movement From
Alcatraz to Wounded Knee" by Paul Chaat Smith and Robert Allen
(SFEC, 1/5/97, BR
1972 Nov 10, Three black men
successfully hijacked a Southern Airways DC-9 after a stopover in
Birmingham, Ala., and flew to multiple locations in the United
States and one Canadian city and finally to Cuba with $2 million
(actual cash, Presidential "grant" totaled $10 million) and 10
parachutes. Co-pilot Halroyd was wounded; they threatened to crash
the plane into one of the Oak Ridge nuclear installations; at McCoy
Air Force Base, Orlando, the FBI shot out the tires; they forced
pilot William Haas to take off. The plane finally landed in Havana;
two were sentenced in Cuba to 20 years, one to 15 years. They
returned to Alabama in 1980 and received 20-25 year sentences.
1972 Nov 11, The US Army turned
over its base at Long Binh to the South Vietnamese army, symbolizing
the end of direct US military involvement in the Vietnam War.
Nov 12, Rudolf Friml (b.1859), Czech-US composer (“Indian Love
Call," “The Donkey Serenade"), died in Los Angeles, California.
1972 Nov 14, The Dow Jones
Industrial Average closed above 1,000 for the first time, ending the
day at 1,003.16.
(HFA, '96, p.18)(AP, 11/14/97)
1972 Nov 15, Circle-in
the-Square Theater opened at 1633 Broadway NYC with a revival of
Mourning Becomes Electra.
1972 Nov 16, The Convention
Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage
(the World Heritage Convention) was adopted by the General
Conference of UNESCO. As of 2009 it was ratified by 186 states and
had placed some 890 sites under its purview.
1972 Nov 17, Juan Peron
(1895-1974) returned to Argentina from Spain for a short time after
17 years of exile.
1972 Nov 19, Willy Brandt's SPD
won West German elections. Willy Brandt was the 1st German
chancellor to seek early elections via a vote of confidence.
(http://tinyurl.com/bs7oe)(Econ, 6/11/05, p.49)
1972 Nov 22, US Pres. Nixon
ended a 22 year travel ban to China. The ban had been put in place
on February 8, 1963.
1972 Nov 27, In Canada Marc
Lalonde was appointed as the Minister of Health as Pierre Trudeau
formed his Canadian government.
1972 Nov 30, American troop
withdrawal from Vietnam was completed, although 16,000 Army advisors
and administrators remained to assist South Vietnam's military
1972 Nov, The $32 million
Transamerica Pyramid building in San Francisco received its first
tenant, a bank. The building was designed by William Pereira.
(SFEC, 12/28/97, Z1 p.2)(SFC, 5/29/04,
p.C2)(SSFC, 12/27/09, p.A19)
1972 Nov, Maryland ratified the
Equal Rights Amendment.
(SFC, 9/19/07, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/5bflsq)
1972 Dec 2, In Australia
Neville Bonner (1922-1999) became the first Aborigine to be elected
to the federal Parliament. In 1971 he became the first Aboriginal
person to sit in the Commonwealth parliament when he was chosen to
fill a vacancy in the Senate caused by the resignation of a Liberal
senator for Queensland.
1972 Dec 2, Friedrich
Christian Christiansen (92), German Luftwaffe general, died. He was
born at Wyk on Foehr, Germany, on December 12, 1879. Christiansen
was appointed officer commanding occupied Holland, a post he held
until the end of the war when he was imprisoned by the Allies. On
his release from prison he retired to West Germany and died at
1972 Dec 3, A Spantax Convair
990A charter carrying West German tourists crashed in Tenerife,
Canary Island, and 155 died.
1972 Dec 4, Kenneth Parnell
(1931-2008), convicted sex offender, kidnapped Steven Stayner (7) in
Merced, Ca. Parnell had already served 3 years for molesting an
8-year-old boy in Bakersfield in 1952. Stayner (14) escaped in 1980
along with Timmy White (5) of Ukiah, Parnell was again sent to
prison and was paroled in 1985. In 2004 Parnell returned to prison
after trying to procure an African American boy.
1972 Dec 5, The Nixon
administration, in response to recent hijackings, ordered airports
to screen every passenger with a metal detector, inspect the
contents of carry-ones and station a local police officer or
sheriff’s deputy at every one of the nation’s 531 major commercial
facilities. In 2013 Brendan I. Koerner authored “The Skies Belong to
Us: Love and Terror in the Golden Age of Hijacking."
(SSFC, 6/30/13, p.F4)
1972 Dec 5, Gough Whitlam
(1916-2014), labor leader, became the 21st prime minister of
Australia. He served to Nov 11, 1975.
1972 Dec 7, America's last moon
mission to date was launched as Apollo 17 blasted off from Cape
Canaveral at 12:33 a.m. It landed on the moon December 11 at 3:15
p.m. and took a historic photo of the Earth that showed our
"isolated blue planet."
(AP, 12/7/97)(SFC, 3/13/98, p.A19)(HNQ, 7/21/99)
1972 Dec 7-1972 Dec 8, Two
skeletons were found on the Ulap fairgrounds in Berlin. They were
later identified as Hitler's deputy Martin Bormann (1900-1945) and
Ludwig Stumpfegger, one of Hitler’s doctors.
1972 Dec 7, Jean McConville, a
widowed Belfast mother, was abducted from her home by 12 IRA members
and was never seen alive again. The IRA suspected her of being an
informant. Her 10 children were put into foster care. In 1999 the
IRA admitted responsibility and revealed the general location of her
body. Her body was found in Aug, 2003.
(SFEC, 5/30/99, p.A17)(AP, 11/1/03)(SFC,
1972 Dec 7, Imelda Marcos, wife
of Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos, was stabbed and
seriously wounded by an assailant who was then shot dead by her
1972 Dec 9, Louella Parsons,
Hollywood gossip columnist, died. In 2005 Samantha Barbas authored
“The First Lady of Hollywood," a biography of Parsons.
1972 Dec 10, Amnesty
International, founded in London in 1961, launched its first
worldwide campaign for the abolition of torture on Human Rights Day,
with the aim to make torture "as unthinkable as slavery."
1972 Dec 10, Kenneth Arrow
(1921-2017) of Stanford Univ. shared the Nobel Prize in economics
with John R. Hicks (1904-1989) of Oxford, England.
1972 Dec 11, Challenger, the
Lunar Lander for Apollo 17, touched down on the Moon's surface. It
was the last time that men visited the Moon. The last two men to
walk on the surface of the moon were Harrison Schmitt and Eugene
Cernan. Cernan and Schmitt conducted the longest lunar exploration
of the Apollo program (75 hours), driving the lunar rover about 36
kilometers (22 miles) in all, ranging as far as 7.37 kilometers (4.5
miles) from the lunar module Challenger and collecting some 243
pounds of soil and rock samples.
(HNQ, 7/21/99)(HN, 12/11/99)
1972 Dec 11, In Paris peace
negotiations between Kissinger and Le Duc Tho collapsed after
Kissinger presented a list of 69 changes demanded by South
Vietnamese President Thieu. President Nixon now issues an ultimatum
to North Vietnam that serious negotiations must resume within 72
hours. Hanoi does not respond. As a result Nixon ordered Operation
Linebacker II (see Dec 18), eleven days and nights of maximum force
bombing against military targets in Hanoi by B-52 bombers.
1972 Dec 13, Astronaut Gene
Cernan climbed into his Lunar Lander on the Moon and prepared to
lift-off. He was the last man to set foot on the Moon.
1972 Dec 14, Astronauts Schmitt
and Cernan blasted off from the moon to join the command module
America in lunar orbit, thus ending America’s manned lunar
exploration for the 20th century. Apollo 17 astronauts blasted off
from the moon after three days of exploration on lunar surface.
(HNQ, 7/21/99)(AP, 12/14/02)
1972 Dec 15, The Commonwealth
of Australia ordered equal pay for women.
1972 Dec 18, The heaviest
bombing of North Vietnam, under orders from US Pres. Nixon, began
over Hanoi. “Operation Linebacker II" lasted 11 days and killed over
1600 civilians with 70 US airmen killed or captured. The bombardment
ended 12 days later. President Nixon declared that the bombing of
North Vietnam would continue until an accord was reached. In 2002
Marshall L. Michel III authored “The 11 Days of Christmas," an
account of the B-52 bombings.
(SFC, 12/16/97, p.B1)(AP, 12/18/97)(HN,
12/18/98)(WSJ, 1/22/02, p.A18)
1972 Dec 19, Apollo 17 splashed
down in the Pacific, ending the Apollo program of manned lunar
1972 Dec 20, Neil Simon's
"Sunshine Boys," premiered in NYC.
1972 Dec 22, Diana Sue
Sylvester (22) was raped and killed in the SF Sunset District after
walking home from UCSF. In 2006 John Puckett (72), a retired carpet
installer in Stockton, was arrested for the murder based on DNA
evidence. In 2008 Puckett (74) was convicted of first-degree murder.
(SFC, 4/22/06, p.B1)(SFC, 2/22/08, p.B7)
1972 Dec 22, In Vietnam Bac Mai
hospital was bombed by American B-52s when they missed an air base
on the outskirts of Hanoi. 18 hospital workers and patients were
(SFC, 12/16/97, p.B1)
1972 Dec 23, 16 plane crash
victims (Oct 13 flight from Uruguay to Chile) were rescued from the
Andes after 70 died. The group survived by collectively making a
decision to eat flesh from the bodies of their dead comrades.
1972 Dec 23, A 6.25 earthquake
struck Managua, Nicaragua, and over 12,000 were killed. Pres.
Somoza was later believed to have pocketed millions of dollars in
foreign aid. The diversion of funds undermined his government and
helped pave the way for the 1979 revolution.
(SFC, 10/15/96, p.A12)(SFEC, 11/8/98,
1972 Dec 24, Charles Atlas
(b.1892), Italian-born body builder, died in Long Beach, NY. Atlas
was born as Angelo Siciliano in Acri, Italy, and moved to the US in
1972 Dec 24, Hanoi barred all
peace talks with the U.S. until the air raids stopped.
1972 Dec 26, The 33rd president
of the United States, Harry S. Truman, died in Kansas City, Mo. In
1995 Robert H. Ferrell published the biography "Harry S. Truman: A
Life." In 1999 Ferrell published "Truman and Pendergrast."
(AP, 12/26/97)(WSJ, 7/19/99, p.A13)
1972 Dec 26, In Vietnam the
bombing over Hanoi resumed after one day of respite and bombs hit a
residential street killing 283 civilians. North Vietnam agreed to
resume peace negotiations within five days of the end of bombing.
1972 Dec 28, The skeleton of
Martin Bormann, Hitler's deputy, was allegedly found in Berlin.
1972 Dec 28, A North Korean
navy ship seized 25 South Korean fishermen aboard two boats. In 2013
Jeon Wook-Pyo, one of the 25, escaped and made it back to South
1972 Dec 29, Eastern Airlines
Flight 401, a Lockheed Tri-Star Jumbo Jet carrying 176 people,
crashed into the Florida Everglades. 75 people survived. In the end,
the crash was blamed on the crew's preoccupation with a landing gear
1972 Dec 29, Life magazine
ended publication with the issue titled “Year in Pictures." From
1936 it had produced over 1,860 issues. The magazine was resurrected
as a monthly in 1978 and ended again in 2000, From 2004 to 2007 Life
appeared as a weekly newspaper supplement. In 2009 electronic access
to its archives was made available.
1972 Dec 29, US Operation
Linebacker II ended what had been the most intensive bombing
campaign of the entire war with over 100,000 bombs dropped on Hanoi
and Haiphong. Fifteen of the 121 B-52s participating were shot down
by the North Vietnamese who fired 1200 SAMs. There were 1318
civilian deaths from the bombing, according to Hanoi.
1972 Dec 30, After two weeks of
heavy bombing raids on North Vietnam, President Nixon halted the air
offensive and agreed to resume peace negotiations with Hanoi
representative Le Duc Tho.
(AP, 12/30/97)(HN, 12/30/98)
1972 Dec 31, Roberto Clemente
(b.1934), baseball player, died in a plane crash while enroute from
Puerto Rico to help earthquake victims in Nicaragua. In 2006 David
Maraniss authored “Clemente."
(WSJ, 4/2/01, p.A20)(WSJ, 4/27/06, p.D7)
1972 Dec, An American commando
group planted a tap on a communications link at Vinh, north of the
DMZ, and later pulled details of the North Vietnamese positions at
the Paris peace talks.
(WSJ, 7/17/00, p.A33)
1972 Dec, American folk singer
Joan Baez travelled to North Vietnam with 3 other Americans, both to
address human rights in the region, and to deliver Christmas mail to
American prisoners of war. During her time there, she was caught in
the US military's "Christmas bombing" of Hanoi.
(SFC, 4/11/13, p.A4)
1972 Vito Acconci (b.1940),
Brooklyn-based artist, created his work "Seed Bed," in which the
artist masturbated under the raised gallery floor.
1972 Artist Michael Heizer
(b.1944) began work in Nevada on his monumental earth art titled
City, one of the largest sculptures ever created.
1972 Sol LeWitt (1928-2007),
NY-based American artist, made his blue crayon wall drawing: "132. A
Grid Covering a Wall…" on exhibit at the SF Museum of Modern Art. He
is the author of "Sol LeWitt: Critical Texts."
(SFEM, 1/12/97, BR
1972 Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)
drew his chilling crayon self-portrait as a skull.
(SFC, 6/4/96, p.E5)(SFC, 7/14/96,
1972 Chen Yifei (b.1946),
Shanghai born artist, painted "Eulogy of the Yellow River," as
China’s Yellow River dried up for the 1st time in history before
reaching the Yellow Sea. From 1980 to 1996 he worked in the US and
became known as the Norman Rockwell of China.
(WSJ, 1/6/97, p.A10)(SFC, 3/4/02, p.A3)
1972 John Adair (1913-1997),
anthropologist, published his book: "Through Navajo Eyes."
(SFEC, 12/21/97, p.B5)
1972 George Alec Affinger
(d.2002 at 55) authored his 1st novel "What Entropy Means to Me."
(SFC, 4/30/02, p.A24)
1972 Dr. Robert C. Atkins
(1930-2003), cardiologist, published his weight loss plan "Dr.
Atkins’ Diet Revolution," which allowed patients to eat fat but
(SFC, 4/18/03, p.A1)
1972 John Berger (b.1926),
English art critic and novelist, authored his Booker Prize-winning
novel “G." Berger won the Booker Prize for his novel "G." He later
authored "A Seventh Man."
(SSFC, 1/6/02, p.M2)(SSFC, 8/7/05,
1972 Paul Bowles published his
autobiography: "Without Stopping." In 1999 Jennifer Baichul
premiered her documentary on Bowles: "Let It Come Down, The Life of
(SFC, 7/12/99, p.E3)
1972 Carol (Dariff) Botwin
(d.1997 at 68) wrote "Sex and the Teenage Girl."
(SFC, 4/16/97, p.A21)
1972 Fred Branfman (1942-2014)
authored “Voices from the Plain of Jars" in which he exposed details
of America’s secret war in Laos going back to 1964.
(Econ, 10/18/14, p.94)
1972 Leo Buscaglia (d.1998 at
74), published his book "Love."
(SFC, 6/13/98, p.A21)
1972 Herb Caen, SF newspaper
columnist, wrote his 8th book "The Cable Car and the Dragons."
(SFEC, 2/2/97, p.A13)
1972 Italo Calvino (1923-1985),
Italian novelist, authored “Invisible Cities."
(Econ, 12/8/12, IL p.12)
1972 Alex Comfort (1920-2000),
British author, published his "Joy of Sex." The book sold 12 million
(SFC, 3/28/00, p.E1)
1972 Timothy Crouse authored
“The Boys on the Bus," an account of the press pack covering the
1972 presidential campaigns of Richard Nixon and George McGovern.
1972 Thomas M. Disch authored
his science fiction novel "334," on events following the passage of
the Revised Genetic Testing Act of 2011.
(WSJ, 1/1/00, p.R8)
1972 Hubert L. Dreyfus
(1929-2017), UC Berkeley Prof. of Philosophy, authored “What
Computers Can’t Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason" (1972).
(http://tinyurl.com/l2efld9)(SFC, 5/4/17, p.D5)
1972 S. George Ellsworth
(d.1997), historian, published "Utah Heritage," a 7th grade textbook
history of the state. It was updated in 1994.
(SFC, 12/26/97, p.B6)
1972 Elizabeth Ewing authored
“Underwear: A History."
(SSFC, 12/31/06, p.E3)
1972 Francis FitzGerald
(b.1940) authored "Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the
Americans in Vietnam." Her book won the 1973 Pulitzer Prize and
National Book Award.
(SFEC, 5/7/00, BR
1972 Janet Flanner (1892-1978),
American writer, authored "Paris Was Yesterday." She served as the
Paris correspondent of The New Yorker magazine from 1925 until she
retired in 1975.
1972 George V. Higgins (d.1999
at 59) published "The Friends of Eddie Coyle." It was made into a
1973 film with Robert Mitchum and Peter Boyle.
(SFEC, 11/7/99, p.C10)
1972 Alison Jolly (1937-2014),
American primatologist, authored “The Evolution of Primate
Behaviour," based on her studies of lemurs in Madagascar.
1972 Mary Keyserling
(1910-1997) wrote "Window on Day Care," a critical report that
became a blueprint for changes in day care programs.
(SFEC, 6/15/97, p.D10)(http://tinyurl.com/5emcq3)
1972 UCSF Prof. Henry L.
Lennard (1923-2005) authored “Mystification and Drug Abuse." He
critiqued the medical profession for being too eager to embrace drug
treatments for mental illness and for being too ready to classify
interpersonal and emotional difficulties as mental disorders.
(SSFC, 7/10/05, p.A25)
1972 Edna Lewis (1917-2006),
authored her 1st cookbook “The Edna Lewis Cookbook." She went on to
become a doyenne of Southern cuisine.
(SFC, 2/14/06, p.B7)
1972 James Marshall (1942-1992)
authored his children’s book "George and Martha."
(SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.12)
1972 Kenneth P. O’Donnell, a
secretary of JFK, and Dave Powers (d.1998 at 85), an aide to John F.
Kennedy since 1946, wrote "Johnny, We hardly Knew Ye."
(SFC, 3/28/98, p.B12)
1972 Vance Packard (1914-1996)
wrote "A Nation of Strangers," a critique of the decline of the
American family and loss of community ties.
(SFC, 12/13/96, p.B6)
1972 Robert O. Paxton authored
“Vichy France: Old Guard and New Order."
(Econ, 3/13/04, p.85)
1972 Raymond H. Ramsay authored
"No Longer on the Map," stories of places that once appeared on maps
but never existed.
(SSFC, 6/1/03, p.C3)
1972 Ismael Reed (b.1938),
African-American writer, authored "Mumbo Jumbo."
1972 Colin Renfrew wrote
"Before Civilization." He explored the social implications of the
early megalithic temples of Malta.
(AM, Jul/Aug ‘97 p.44)
1972 Geoffrey de Ste. Croix
(1910-2000), British Marxist historian, authored "The Origins of the
Peloponnesian War." He pinned the cause of the conflict on the
(SFC, 2/15/00, p.A21)
1972 Joel Stern authored
“Analytical Methods in Financial Planning."
(Econ, 4/30/15, p.13)
1972 Paola Timiras (1923-2008),
Italian-born UC Berkeley professor on aging, authored “Physiological
Basis of Aging and Geriatrics." A 4th updated edition was published
1972 Robert Vaughn authored
"Only Victims," an account of the 1947 HUAC hearings on the
(WSJ, 12/16/98, p.A21)
1972 Eudora Welty (1909-2001),
Mississippi based writer, authored "The Optimist’s Daughter." In
1973 it won her a Pulitzer Prize.
(SSFC, 3/29/09, p.G5)
1972 John Howard Yoder (d.1997
at 71), a Mennonite theologian who taught at Notre Dame, wrote "The
Politics of Jesus," in part an analysis of Christian attitudes
towards the state.
(SFC, 1/9/98, p.A19)
1972 Joseph Dunn, founder of
the 2 Bleecker Street Theater in NY (later the American Contemporary
Theater in Buffalo), dramatized Beckett’s novel "The Unnamable."
(SFEC, 9/30/96, p.A23)
1972 Hollywood shot a 10-minute
prologue for the film "The Exorcist" in Mosul, Iraq.
(WSJ, 6/12/03, p.A1)
1972 Home Box Office (HBO)
began transmitting programs to cable TV subscribers in Wilkes-Barre,
Pa. The 1st cablecast was a National League Hockey game.
(SFC, 4/3/01, p.C1)
1972 George Carlin performed
his stand-up routine "The Seven Words You Can never Say on TV."
(SFC, 1/21/04, p.D2)
1972 Johnny Carson moved the
“Tonight Show" from New York to Burbank, Ca., and established Los
Angeles as the center of popular culture.
(Econ, 1/29/05, p.32)
1972 The British TV series “The
Adventurer" featured Gene Barry (1919-2009). The show continued to
(SFC, 12/15/09, p.C5)
1972 George Crumb (b.1929)
composed "Makrokosmos" for amplified piano. It was 1st performed in
Colorado Springs on January 8, 1972.
1972 Harold Melvin & the
Blue Notes released its first single, “I Miss You." The group
included Teddy Pendergrass (1950-2010), who quit the group in 1975
and embarked on a solo career in 1976. Pendergrass went on to record
5 consecutive multiplatinum albums.
(SFC, 1/14/10, p.A4)
1972 Pandit Pran Nath
(1919-1996), Indian classical singer and teacher, arrived in New
York. He was a master of the 600-year-old kirana style of Hindustani
music that involves very minute gradations of pitch. He also
redesigned the tamboura.
(SFC, 6/18/96, p.A17)
1972 Singer Cuba Gooding Sr.
(1944-2017) sang the hit “Everybody Plays the Fool" with the
rhythm-and-blues group Main Ingredient.
(SSFC, 4/23/17, p.C10)
1972 Lou Reed recorded “Walk
on the Wild Side" (1972). The song was about Holly Woodlawn
(1946-2015), a transgender Puerto Rican woman, who had also featured
in two Andy Warhol films
(SFC, 12/8/15, p.C3)
1972 Dr. Donna Allen (d.1999 at
78), critic, author, and labor activist, founded the Women's
Institute on Freedom of the Press.
1972 Walter C. Righter, an
Episcopal Bishop, broke a tie and voted in favor of ordaining women
in the Episcopal Church. In 1998 he published "A Pilgrim’s Way: The
Personal Story of the Episcopal Bishop Charged with Heresy for
Ordaining a Gay Man Who Was in a Committed Relationship."
6/28/98, BR p.9)
1972 Herb Peterson (1919-2008),
a McDonald’s operator in Santa Barbara, Ca., created the Egg
(WSJ, 1/30/06, p.B2)(WSJ, 4/5/08, p.A7)
1972 Psychiatrist Dennis
Cantwell (1939-1997) began serving as director of the UCLA
Neuropsychiatric Institute and stayed there until 1991. He helped
edit 5 textbooks that included: "Developmental Speech and Language
Disorders" with Lorian Baker, "Psychiatric and Developmental
Disorders in Children with Communication Disorder," and
"Fundamentals of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry" with Syed Husein.
1972 Bradt Publications, a
publisher of travel books, was founded by George and Hilary Bradt.
They began their first guidebook while on a backpacking trip through
Bolivia and Peru.
(SFEC, 11/16/97, Z1 p.3)
1972 The American Institute for
Public Service introduced the Jefferson Awards to honor community
(SFC, 7/23/05, p.B6)(www.aips.org/index.html)
1972 The National Sheriffs'
Association (NSA) created the Neighborhood Watch program.
1972 The US Supreme Court found
that restrictions in place in Massachusetts on providing birth
control to the unmarried was an unwarranted instance of government
in the bedroom.
(Econ, 6/20/15, p.81)
1972 In Los Angeles the
Institute of the American Musical was incorporated by Miles Kreuger
to provide an organizational shell, and donor’s tax deduction, for
his collection of memorabilia pertaining to American theater.
(WSJ, 6/3/98, p.CA4)
1972 J.D. Salinger (53) began a
months-long courtship of Joyce Maynard (18) that culminated in her
leaving Yale Univ. and moving to his farm in New Hampshire. In 1998
Maynard published "At Home in the World," that included an account
of her relationship with Salinger. Maynard auctioned 14 love letters
at Sotheby's for $156,500 in 1999.
(SFEC, 9/6/98, BR p.5)(SFC, 6/23/99, p.A3)
1972 Dartmouth College in New
Hampshire, chartered in 1769, began admitting women.
1972 Jack Scott (d.2000 at 57)
was hired as the athletic director at Oberlin College. He was the
author of "The Athletic Revolution," which was initially called
"Athletics for Athletes." In 1974 he assisted William and Emily
Harris of the SLA from California to a hideout farm in Pennsylvania.
(SFC, 2/8/00, p.A23)
1972 Richard J. Duffin
(1909-1996), mathematician, was inducted into the National Academy
of Sciences. He worked on electrical network theory and co-authored
"Geometric Programming," which introduced algorithms for achieving
optimum solutions to nonlinear engineering design problems.
(SFC, 11/12/96, p.B2)
1972 President Richard Nixon
signed a public law officially recognizing the third Sunday in June
as Father's Day.
1972 Pres. Richard Nixon
created the Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements
(CITA) in the midst of his re-election campaign as the US textile
industry was under pressure from Japan and Taiwan.
(WSJ, 11/10/05, p.A10)
1972 Alfred McKenzie (d.1998 at
80), a former Tuskegee Airman and current pressman for the
Washington DC Government Printing Office, filed suit contending that
he and fellow black employees had long been passed over for
promotions that went to whites. After many appeals the suit was won
and in 1987 the office agreed to pay $2.4 million in back wages to
several hundred employees.
1972 Florida inmate Michael
Costello, a convicted murderer, filed suit complaining of
overcrowding and poor medical treatment in the state’s prisons. He
won and forced court orders to reduce crowding.
(SFEC, 12/14/97, p.A2)
1972 In Knoxville, Tenn., the
sale of liquor by the glass was banned until this year.
(SFC, 8/26/97, p.A4)
1972 The US government outlawed
the pesticide DDT. It followed the suit filed by Ralph Abascal
(d.1997 at 63) of California Rural Legal Assistance on behalf of six
farmworkers. The federal law prevented California’s Montrose
Chemical Co. from dumping DDT into the ocean off the Palos Verdes
(SFC, 1/18/97, p.A16)(WSJ, 3/18/97, p.A22)(Pac.
Disc., summer, ‘96, p.5)
1972 The US Federal Election
Campaign Act limited expenditures for communications media and
provided for criminal penalties.
(SFEC, 10/5/97, p.D9)
1972 James J. Needham
(1926-2007) became the 1st full-time chairman of the NYSE. He ran
the exchange for 4 years.
(WSJ, 4/14/07, p.A6)
1972 The Chicago futures market
first began trading financial derivatives. Leo Melamed, a former
lawyer, launched currency futures on the Chicago Mercantile
(WSJ, 11/19/04, p.A8)(Econ, 3/18/06, Survey
p.9)(Econ, 10/18/08, p.79)
1972 Frank Serpico, police
officer, exposed corruption in the NYC police force.
(SFC, 9/24/97, p.A3)
1972 John Wayne Gacy began to
lure young men and boys to his home in Chicago for sex, then
tortured and strangled them. He was arrested in 1978.
(SFEC, 11/22/98, p.A2)
1972 Carlos Bueno (d.2001 at
60), California painter and muralist, encouraged Self-Help Graphics
to sponsor the 1st Dia de los Muertos (Day of the Dead) celebration
in Los Angeles.
(SFC, 9/6/01, p.E8)
1972 In San Francisco the
14-story Alexis Apartments were built at 380-390 Clementina and
(SSFC, 8/23/09, p.C2)
1972 "San Francisco’s Telegraph
Hill," a history of the Telegraph Hill neighborhood, was first
published. It was reissued in 2000.
(SFC, 11/27/00, p.A15)
1972 In San Francisco the
California Automobile Association opened a 29-story concrete
structure at 100 Van Ness. In 2014 it was recast as an apartment
(SSFC, 2/23/14, p.C2)
1972 Herb Peterson (1919-2008),
a McDonald’s operator in Santa Barbara, Ca., created the Egg
(WSJ, 1/30/06, p.B2)(WSJ, 4/5/08, p.A7)
1972 Psychiatrist Dennis
Cantwell (1939-1997) began serving as director of the UCLA
Neuropsychiatric Institute and stayed there until 1991. He helped
edit 5 textbooks that included: "Developmental Speech and Language
Disorders" with Lorian Baker, "Psychiatric and Developmental
Disorders in Children with Communication Disorder," and
"Fundamentals of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry" with Syed Husein.
1972 Ken Bannister began
handing out Chiquita banana stickers at photo trade shows to garner
attention. People responded by sending him banana-related items.
This led him to found his Int’l. Banana Museum in Altadena.
(SFEC, 1/25/98, DB p.49)
1972 Julian B. Backus
(1944-1996) founded the Bay Area Video Coalition, Optic Nerve.
(SFC, 12/9/96, p.B6)
1972 Privacy was added to the
California state Constitution as an inalienable right.
(SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)
1972 Judge Allen Broussard
(1929-1996) was the first African American to be elected president
of the California Judges Assoc.
(SFEC, 11/24/96, Z1 p.7)
1972 In Los Angeles the
Institute of the American Musical was incorporated by Miles Kreuger
to provide an organizational shell, and donor’s tax deduction, for
his collection of memorabilia pertaining to American theater.
(WSJ, 6/3/98, p.CA4)
1972 LA Mayor Sam Yorty
switched from the Democratic to the Republican Party.
(WSJ, 6/8/98, p.A1)
1972 In SF the Raphael House at
1065 Sutter St. opened as the city’s 1st homeless shelter for
(SSFC, 3/18/07, p.F2)
1972 The Marin Town and Country
Club was closed after area residents passed a ballot measure that
required voter approval prior to any new development.
(SFC, 5/29/98, p.A19)
1972 Roy W. Fairchild (d.1998
at 77) co-founded the Lewis Marshall Lloyd Center for Education and
Counseling as an on-campus teaching facility at SF Theological
Seminary in San Anselmo, Ca.
(SFC, 12/17/98, p.C11)
1972 Kermit Lynch opened Kermit
Lynch Wine Merchant in Berkeley, Ca. He focused on importing
small-production French wines. In 2005 the French government
announced that he would be awarded the insignia of Chevalier de la
(SFC, 12/22/05, p.F5)
1972 Charles W. "Scott" Hope
(d. 1997 at 74) co-founded the SF Network Ministries to serve San
Francisco’s Tenderloin district. The non-denominational Christian
church constructed affordable housing, operates a training center
for residents and the homeless, provides pastoral care to people who
are HIV positive and other works. He wrote for the Network Journal,
a monthly publication of the Ministries.
(SFC, 12/2/97, p.A22)
1972 Steve Nakajo organized the
1st Nihonmachi Street Fair in San Francisco’s Japantown.
(SFEC, 8/6/00, p.C1)
1972 San Francisco Mayor Joseph
Alioto won re-election.
(SFC, 1/30/98, p.A10)
1972 San Francisco voters
approved Proposition 4, a state constitutional amendment, which said
the presidential primary ballot must list "recognized candidates
throughout the nation or throughout California," as determined by
the secretary of state.
(SFC, 9/2/19, p.C2)
1972 SF accepted an urban
design plan that lowered the maximum heights of downtown buildings
to 700 feet.
(SSFC, 4/27/08, p.B3)
1972 San Francisco Mayor Joseph
Alioto promoted Gladys Cox Hansen to city archivist.
(SFC, 4/14/96, p.Z1, p.3)
1972 In San Francisco Paul
Trafficante (d.2001 at 80) won his integration suit for the
ParkMerced complex against Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., where
rental practices had created a "white ghetto."
(SFC, 10/2/01, p.A15)
1972 In San Francisco Sandra
Sakata (d.1997 at 57) opened her boutique Obiko in Pacific Heights.
The shop thrived and she moved to a downtown location and won
(SFC, 9/24/97, p.C2)
1972 In San Francisco the House
of Shields bar at 39 New Montgomery St., opened in 1908, began
allowing women as customers. It was probably the last SF bar to
cater only to men.
(SSFC, 1/23/11, p.A2)
1972 The See family sold their
South San Francisco, Ca., chocolate and candy business to Warren
Buffett, chairman of Berkshire Hathaway Inc. Buffet named Charles
Huggins as See’s Candies top officer. Huggins retired at the end of
1972 SF State College was
renamed California State University, SF.
(SFEC, 3/21/99, Z1 p.4)
1972 Four locomotives of the
Northwestern Pacific Railroad derailed in the Eel River Canyon.
(SFEC, 9/7/97, Z1 p.1)
1972 Stanford Univ. changed its
mascot from an Indian to a cardinal following complaints of racism.
(SSFC, 11/30/14, DB p.42)
1972 Kentucky voters elected
Democrat state Sen. Dee Huddleston (1926-2018) to the US Senate. He
was re-elected in 1978 and unseated in 1984 by Rep. Mitch McConnell.
(SFC, 10/17/18, p.C10)
1972 Oregon passed the first
bottle-and-can bill. It marked the beginning of major recycling
(Smith., 4/95, p.32)
1972 Oregon passed the first US
beverage container deposit law.
(SSFC, 10/27/13, p.E2)
1972 Henry B.R. Brown
(1926-2008) and Bruce Bent opened their Reserve Fund, the first
money market mutual fund.
(WSJ, 8/16/08, p.A7)
1972 John J. Rigas incorporated
Adelphia Communications in Pennsylvania. The name came from the
Greek word for “brother." He took the company public in 1986.
1972 Ford became the first
company to equip vehicles with air bags.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1972 John DeLorean left GM to
start a car company in Northern Ireland.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1972 Industry experts in 1996
picked the 1972 Corvette Stingray as the number 9 favorite car.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1972 Atari was founded by Nolan
Bushnell, 2 years after he built the first videogame, Computer
Space. He conceived Pong and it was built by Allan Alcorn. Atari
co-founders Samuel Dabney (1937-2018) and Nolan Bushnell helped
create the hit console game Pong.
(Wired, 10/96, p.168)(SSFC, 6/3/18, p.C4)
1972 Seymour Cray left Control
Data Corp. and co-founded Cray Research Inc. There he built the
Cray-1 and Cray-2 supercomputers. They were used to help the defense
system create sophisticated weapons systems and the oil industry to
construct geologic models for predicting mineral deposits.
(SFC, 9/24/96, p.A6)
1972 Hewlett-Packard introduced
a pocket-size calculator.
(SFC, 1/13/01, p.A15)
1972 Intel Corp. brought out
the 8008 microprocessor, the first to use 8-bit addressing. it had
(TAR, 1996, p.21)
1972 Hewlett-Packard introduced
the first scientific handheld calculator, the HP-35, which made the
1972 The term hypervisor
originated in IBM's CP-370 reimplementation of CP-67 for the
System/370, released this year as VM/370. The term hypervisor call
referred to the paravirtualization interface, by which a "guest"
operating system could access services directly from the
(higher-level) control program – analogous to making a "supervisor
call" to the (same level) operating system.
1972 The compact disc (CD) was
(NW, 9/16/02, p.34D)
1972 Tom Perkins co-founded
Kleiner, Perkins Caufield & Byers (KPCB), a venture capital firm
in Silicon Valley, Ca.
(WSJ, 10/7/06, p.A14)
1972 Half Price Books was
founded by Pat Anderson (1932-1995) and Ken Gjemre.
(WSJ, 1/17/97, p.B1)
1972 Steve Prefontaine, a
University of Oregon runner and middle-distance running prodigy,
became Nike's first endorsed athlete.
1972 Owens Corning, Ohio-based
maker of insulation and other building products, stopped selling
asbestos products. In 1998 it offered $1.2 billion to settle its
asbestos related lawsuits, which numbered about 176,000 cases.
(SFC, 12/15/98, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/6glsle)
1972 Bernard B. Jacobs
(1916-1996) became the president of the Shubert Organization, which
owns Broadway theaters and produced such plays as Cats and Amadeus.
1972 Katharine Graham
(1917-2001) became the CEO of the Washington Post company and the
first female CEO of a Fortune 500 company.
(Econ., 4/18/15, SR p.7)
1972 A Stetson Hat Factory
moved to St. Joseph, Mo. The handmade hats took 43 steps to produce.
(SFC, 7/31/98, p.A14)
1972 The Stanford Positron
Electron Asymmetric Ring (SPEAR), a type of electron accelerator was
(SFC, 5/1/97, p.A7)
1972 The Fermi National
Accelerator Laboratory, Fermilab, near Chicago was completed for
$235 million under the direction of Robert Rathbun Wilson (d.2000 at
85). It was capable of accelerating protons to 400 billion electron
(SFC, 1/22/00, p.A21)
1972 In Fort Worth, Texas, the
Kimbell Museum, designed by Louis Kahn, opened.
(WSJ, 12/17/02, p.D8)
1972 The Campus Crusade for
Christ organized “Explo ‘72" at “Godstock" in Dallas, Texas. The
organization for the first time embraced rock music to attract young
(WSJ, 1/18/08, p.W11)
1972 In Olney, Texas, Jack
Northrup and Jack Bishop organized the annual One-Arm Dove Hunt. It
turned into an annual support meeting for amputees.
(SFEC, 8/24/97, p.A8)
1972 Hillary Clinton helped
register Mexican-American voters in south Texas.
(Econ, 2/27/15, p.24)
1972 Vermont’s Yankee Nuclear
Power Station opened.
(SFC, 8/28/13, p.A8)
1972 The British Journal of
Cancer published a paper by Andrew Wyllie, Alastair Currie and John
Kerr that described the process of programmed cell death called
(SFEC, 1/12/97, Z3 p.7)
1972 American scientists
imported a troop of Japanese snow monkeys, macaques, to Dilley,
Texas. By 1995 the troop had quadrupled in size and expanded out of
the bounds of its original 50-acre compound.
(WSJ, 10/27/95, p.A-1)
1972 The international
community defined the second as the time it takes an atom of cesium
133 to tick through exactly 9,192,631,770 resonant cycles after it
has passed through an electromagnetic field. A new atomic clock,
NIST F-1, premiered Dec 20, 1999.
(SFC, 12/30/99, p.A2)
1972 The Audubon society
acquired the Sabal Palm Sanctuary near Brownsville, Texas.
(T&L, 10/1980, p.14)
1972 The Alaska Continental
Development Corp. merged with the financially troubled Alaska
Airlines. The airline soon became profitable in part due to the
Alaska oil pipeline.
(WSJ, 1/7/07, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/6obvr7)
1972 Virginia named a new state
university after George Mason, paying tribute to one of the least
remembered of the major figures among the Founding Fathers. Mason
was among those who opposed adopting the draft US constitution
because it had no language to protect individual rights.
1972 In West Virginia the
Augusta Heritage Center of Davis & Elkins College was founded as
a unique program for the promotion of traditional music, arts, and
(SFEC, 6/7/98, p.T1)(http://tinyurl.com/5cpecu)
1972 Exxon Corp. was registered
in Nebraska after it paid an undisclosed amount to Gov. Exon in
order get a license.
1972 Monsanto ceased producing
PCBs in Anniston, Alabama. In 2001 Monsanto agreed to a $40 million
settlement for toxic pollution.
(SF, 4/25/01, p.A5)
1972 Procter & Gamble Co.
launched its Dawn dishwashing liquid.
(WSJ, 6/13/07, p.D7)
1972 Three scientists from the
US National Institutes of Health developed a formula to calculate a
patient’s bad cholesterol using easily measured numbers. The
Friedewald formula set LDL equal to total cholesterol minus HDL
(WSJ, 4/19/05, p.D4)
1972 A team under surgeon Harry
Buncke (1922-2008) performed the first toe-to-thumb transplant at
San Francisco’s Franklin Hospital, later called Ralph K. Davies
Medical Center. Buncke came to be called the father of microsurgery.
1972 David McTaggart (d.2001),
one of the founders of Greenpeace Int’l., sailed his small boat into
the French nuclear-testing site at Mururoa atoll in the South
(SFC, 3/24/01, p.A22)(SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A31)
1972 Color TV sets outsold
black and white TV sets for the 1st time.
(SFC, 3/18/04, p.E1)
1972 In Florida as many as 2
million old tires were unloaded a mile offshore from Fort Lauderdale
to create an artificial reef that could attract a rich variety of
marine life, and to free up space in clogged landfills. Decades
later the idea proved to be huge ecological blunder.
1972 Wickliffe Preston Draper
(b.1891), a wealthy reclusive New Yorker, died. He distributed some
$5 million to 2 race-oriented foundations. The Pioneer Fund, which
he had helped to found, was the primary beneficiary and later funded
the research for "The Bell Curve," which argued that blacks are
genetically inclined to be less intelligent than whites or Asians.
1972 Seaman Schepps (b.1881),
NYC jewelry designer, died.
(WSJ, 10/8/04, p.W10)
1972 Mohammad Moussa became
Prime Minister of Afghanistan.
1972 Barcelo de Carvalho, aka
"Bongo," recorded the album "Angola 72" in the Netherlands. The
music’s predominant rhythm is semba, described as the origin of
Brazil’s Samba. The album was smuggled into Angola and became very
popular but was banned by the government. It was re-released in the
US in 1997. One of its songs was featured in the 1997 French film
"When the Cat’s Away."
(SFC, 10/24/97, p.E1)
1972 Argentina turned its half
of Tiera del Fuego into a special economic zone.
(Econ, 7/16/16, p.29)
1972 Australia and Indonesia
agreed to a maritime boundary set by the deepest point between them
in the Timor Sea.
(Econ, 6/8/13, p.44)
1972 The jellyfish population
in the Black Sea exploded following the completion of a dam in a
section of the Danube that runs between Serbia and Romania.
(WSJ, 11/27/07, p.A14)
1972 De Beer’s richest diamond
mine was found in Botswana within the Kaapvaal craton that spans
(Econ, 2/25/17, p.50)
1972 Britain launched its
Schools History Project (SHP), a review of teaching methods.
(Econ, 4/13/13, p.61)
1972 In Britain environmental
activists founded WWOOF, Weekend Workers on Organic Farms. Weekend
was later replaced by Willing.
(SFEC, 8/15/99, p.T9)
1972 The Access credit cards
were introduced in Great Britain.
1972 Sydney Brenner, a
biologist at Cambridge Univ., began working out the connections of
every cell in the nervous system of a nematode worm called C.
elegans. Over 14 years he and his team mapped the worms complete
nervous system, for which he won a Nobel Prize (2002).
(Econ, 4/11/09, p.82)
1972 In Brazil
singer-songwriter Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil returned home from
exile. Gil then served as minister of culture in his home city of
(SFEC, 6/22/97, DB p.58)
1972 The hospital ship S.S.
Hope sailed to Brazil to train doctors and nurses for a year under
(SFC, 9/28/02, p.A17)
1972 Brazil’s rubber-bearing
Madeira-Mamore railway ceased running.
(Econ, 6/3/06, p.34)
1972 Communist Party officials
told Muslim men to change their names to something more Bulgarian. A
protest in Breznitsa left 8 dead.
(SFC, 3/27/00, p.A12)
1972 In Burma Sein Lwin headed
the army unit that exacted a deadly suppression of workers'
1972 The Tutsi-led government
in Burundi killed some 100,000 Hutus.
(SFC, 8/31/99, p.A14)(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A19)
1972 Cameroon President Ahmadou
Ahidjo declared an end to federalism, erasing regional autonomy
completely. Cameroon becomes a unitary state following a national
referendum and is renamed the United Republic of Cameroon.
1972 In Canada Trudeau’s
government increased the value and duration of unemployment benefits
and decreased the period required to qualify.
(WSJ, 2/7/97, p.A17)
1972 Mel Lastman, founder of
the Bad Boy discount appliance chain, was elected mayor of North
York, a municipality just north of Toronto. He went on to win 11
(SFC, 12/897, p.A15,17)
1972 Daniel Abraham Yanofsky
(d.2000 at 74), a chess grandmaster and Winnipeg City Councilman,
was awarded the Order of Canada.
(SFC, 3/11/00, p.A17)
1972 Stephen Reid, a member of
the Stopwatch Gang trio, was sentenced to prison. He escaped 2 times
but was recaptured and was released in 1987. In 1986 he authored
"Jackrabbit Parole" while in prison. The gang was estimated to have
stolen some $15 million in 140 North American robberies. In 1999 he
was again caught following a robbery in Victoria and was convicted
of attempted murder and other charges.
(SFC, 6/25/99, p.A10)(SFC, 12/2/99, p.D16)
1972 Chile’s dept. of tourism,
SERNATUR, was established.
(SFC, Z-1, 4/28/96, p.5)
1972 The documentary film
"Chung Kuo China" was directed by Michelangelo Antonioni at the
behest of the Chinese government during the cultural revolution.
(SFEC, 1/17/99, DB p.43)
1972 The Yellow River dried up
for the 1st time in history before reaching the Yellow Sea. Toxins
from cities and factories continued to make the river unfit for
irrigation and human use along much of its route.
(SFC, 3/4/02, p.A3)
1972 Costa Rica created the
1,680-acre Manuel Antonio National Park.
(SSFC, 6/1/03, p.C5)
1972 The East Germans recruited
US citizens for spying. in 1997 US Federal officials arrested
Theresa Marie Squillacote, a former Pentagon lawyer, her husband
Kurt Alan Stand, and James Michael Clark for espionage that began
with the recruitment of Stand in 1972 by the East Germans.
(SFC, 10/7/97, p.A14)
1972 SAP, a German business
software company based in Walldorf, Baden-Wurttemberg, was founded
by Hasso Plattner and 4 other dissidents from IBM.
(Econ, 5/20/06, p.73)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.78)
1972 In Egypt Hosni Mubarak
was appointed commander of the air force and deputy minister for
1972 In Egypt UNESCO half
funded a 30 million dollar project to move the temple of the goddess
of Isis, known as the Pearl of Egypt, from Philae Island, which
vanished beneath Lake Nasser, to Agilkia Island now also called
(NG, May 1985, R. Caputo, p.591)
1972 Interrail was launched to
mark the 50th anniversary of an int’l. rail industry group. It
provided single ticket access to a large part of Europe’s rail
network. In 1994 it expanded to the ex-communist east.
(Econ, 9/5/15, p.55)
1972 Shafik Handal (1930-2006)
became leader of the Salvadoran Communist Party.
1972 Finland introduced
comprehensive schools, a merger of specialist academic and
vocational institutions, in the north and into the rest of the
country over the next 4 years. In 2006 Finland ranked at the top in
OECD Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) tests.
(Econ, 6/28/08, p.66)
1972 In France Jean-Marie Le
Pen, a former paratrooper, founded the National Front (FN) party.
(Econ., 3/14/15, p.53)
1972 A French government decree
fixed Wednesday as a mandatory day off for students. A day off on
Thursday had since 1882 provided for students to attend religious
education outside the school.
(Econ, 9/21/13, p.55)
1972 France made it a crime to
incite to racial or religious hatred.
(Econ, 1/24/15, p.53)
1972 Scientists discovered an
extinct natural nuclear reactor in a uranium mine in Gabon. Research
revealed it had operated intermittently for a few million years from
about 2 billion years ago.
(SFC, 11/29/04, p.A4)
1972 Heinrich Boll (1917-1985)
of West Germany won the Nobel Prize in Literature.
1972 In Honduras the military
under Oswaldo Lopez Arellano again ousted civilian president Ramon
(SFC, 8/9/99, p.A8)(AP, 5/17/10)
1972 Hong Kong introduced its
“small house policy," which granted male villagers the rights to
build a house of up to three storeys on a plot of land in their
ancestral village. If they had no land they could buy it from the
government at a discount. The policy only applied to villagers in
the New Territories.
(Econ, 8/12/17, p.33)
1972 India enacted a Wildlife
Protection Act. It banned the hunting of tigers, the capture and
sale of bears (dancing bears) as well as the catching of snakes. In
2001 animal performances on the streets were banned. Snake charmers
felt their livelihood threatened.
(SFC, 7/8/02, p.A3)(SFC, 12/4/04, p.B10)(Econ,
1972 Abdullah Sungkar (d.1999)
and Abu Bakar Baasyir co-founded the al Mukmin Islamic boarding
school in Ngruki, Java. The school went on to produce almost all of
Indonesia's to terrorists.
(WSJ, 9/2/03, p.A1)
1972 In Iraq Ayatollah Sayed
Mohammad Baqir Al-Hakim was imprisoned and tortured by the Hussein
regime. He was rejailed 5 years later and in 2002 led the Supreme
Council for the Islamic Resistance in Iraq (SCIRI), based in Iran,
and its 8,000 fighters.
(SFC, 10/4/02, p.J1)
1972 Israel began establishing
two army posts in Gaza, which later become the communities of
Netzarim and Kfar Darom.
1972 Arkady Gaydamak (20)
arrived in Israel from Russia. By 2006 estimates of his wealth
varied from between $800 million to more than $4 billion. He said he
made all of his money on the Russian stock exchange. Gaydamak was
never been convicted of a crime, but faced an international arrest
warrant because of a French investigation into alleged arms
trafficking to Angola in the early 1990s.
1972 Japanese brothels on
Okinawa, deliberately set up for US soldiers, became illegal, 14
years after they were banned in the rest of Japan.
(Econ, 8/13/16, p.21)
1972 In Japan Fujitsu spun off
Fanuc Ltd., a maker of computerized control systems. By 2010 Fanuc
was valued at some $35 billion.
(SFC, 11/26/10, p.C4)
1972 In Kenya skull 1470 was
found by Bernard Ngeneo, a member of a team led by anthropologist
Richard Leakey, at Koobi Fora on the east side of Lake Rudolf (now
Lake Turkana) in Kenya. Its estimated age is 1.9 million years.
1972 Libya’s leader Muammar
Qaddafi proclaimed his Third Universal Theory, aimed at turning
Libya into a model of applied socialism and popular democracy.
(Econ, 9/22/07, p.61)
1972 Mauritius set up an
export-processing zone on the recommendations of Jose Poncini,
economist, watchmaker and island historian.
(WSJ, 7/14/98, p.A11)
1972 In Mexico after guerrillas
ambushed and killed 18 troops, the army detained at least 90 men in
the village of El Quemado and took many of them to 3 different
military bases that served as "concentration camps." A 2006
government report on Mexico’s “dirty war" said 7 of the men died
from being tortured.
1972 Mont Liggins (1926-2010),
New Zealand medical doctor, carried out a trial in which synthetic
cortisol was given to women in premature labor. It reduced by half
the number of babies dying. Tests on sheep had shown him that
cortisol helped lungs to mature early. His research changed medical
practice and saved hundreds of thousands of lives.
(Econ, 9/4/10, p.93)
1972 Abu Daoud at a cafe in
Rome with fellow PLO guerrilla leader Abu Iyad and his assistant,
Mohammed al-Omari, read in a newspaper that the International
Olympics Committee had refused the PLO's request to send a
Palestinian delegation to the Munich Olympics. They decided to
“participate in their own way." Daoud was given the task of doing
the operation's groundwork. Daoud first acknowledged having a role
in the 1972 Munich operation in the 1999 book: "Palestine: From
Jerusalem to Munich."
1972 The conflict between the
government and Muslim rebels began. A full-scale guerrilla war began
in which some 120,000 people were killed by 1999.
(WSJ, 6/20/96, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/22/99, p.A19)
1972 Kamal Helbawy, a
London-based Egyptian and speaker on behalf of the Muslim
Brotherhood, was invited to Saudi Arabia to set up the World
Assembly of Muslim Youth (WAMY).
(Econ, 2/4/06, p.24)
1972 In Singapore the Jehovah’s
Witnesses were banned because their male followers refused
compulsory military duty.
1972 The Somali language first
became a written language.
(SFEC, 10/10/99, Z1 p.6)
1972 Hyundai began work on a
shipyard in Ulsan, South Korea. It grew to become the largest in the
(Econ, 10/26/13, SR p.3)
1972 The Soviets introduced the
Tu-154 airplane. It was their version of the Boeing 727. The
three-engine Tupolev 154 first flew passengers and has since become
a workhorse of fleets in Russia, the former Soviet bloc and China.
The jet can carry between 156 and 180 passengers and has a range of
2,400 miles at a maximum speed of 560 mph.
(SFC, 7/4/01, p.A10)(AP, 7/2/02)
1972 The Soviet Union began
producing more private cars than trucks.
(Econ, 7/12/08, p.94)
1972 In southwest Spain a train
collided with a bus killing 86 people and injuring 112.
1972 In Sri Lanka the Tamil New
Tigers (TNT) was founded by Velupillai Prabhakaran, an
eighteen-year-old school dropout, who was the son of a minor
government official. TNT abandoned the political process altogether
and geared itself for violence. The Tamil rebellion began and
thousands were killed in the ultra-leftist campaign. Suicide bombers
of the Tamil Tigers later killed Pres. Ranasinghe Premadasa and
former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
1972 The Abyei people of
southern Sudan were promised a vote on self-determination.
(Econ, 10/26/13, p.57)
1972 Sweden’s PM Olof Palme
compared America’s bombing in Vietnam to Nazi atrocities during
WWII. America in response cut diplomatic ties with Sweden; they were
not restored until 1974.
(Econ, 9/7/13, p.54)
1972 In Taiwan Giant
Manufacturing began producing bicycles for foreign and domestic
buyers. By 2008 it was the world’s largest bicycle maker.
(Econ, 9/20/08, p.79)
1972 Bulent Ecevit (1925-2006)
succeeded Ismet Inonu (1884-1973) as head of the Republican People’s
Party. In 1974 he became prime minister of Turkey.
(Econ, 3/19/05, Survey
1972 In Turkey the leftist
Turkish Revolutionary Army abducted three NATO engineers.
(Econ, 8/13/16, p.21)
1972 In Uganda Idi Amin’s State
Research Bureau stuffed the chief justice into the boot of a car,
after which he was never heard of again.
(Econ, 11/26/05, p.60)
1972 The UAE formed the Federal
National Council (FNC). It had no legislative powers and was set up
merely as an advisory board to the Federal Supreme Council, the
country's highest governing body, made up of the emirates' rulers.
Elections for half of the FNC members began in 2006.
1972 In Zaire (later Congo DRC)
Joseph-Desire Mobutu (1930-1997) changed his name to Mobutu Sese
Seko Kuku Ngbendu wa za Banga, which meant "the all-powerful warrior
who, because of his inflexible will to win, will go from conquest to
conquest leaving fire in his wake.
1972 Zaire’s Mobutu Sese Seko
passed a law granting Tutsis citizenship. He revoked it in 1981.
(Econ, 8/21/04, p.39)
1972-1973 El Nino currents led to the collapse of
the Peruvian anchovy industry. The annual catch had peaked at 12
(SFC, 3/23/98, p.A7)(Econ, 5/7/11, p.41)
1972-1974 In Brazil a group of rebels formed in
the state of Para, the only rural armed movement against the
(SFC, 6/14/96, p. A14)
1972-1974 Ji Pengfei (1910-2000) served as China’s
foreign minister. He later headed the committee that drafted the
Basic Law, a mini-constitution for Hong Kong after the 1997
(SFC, 2/19/00, p.A21)
1972-1975 Soul music peaked in Philadelphia. In
2004 John A. Jackson authored “A House on Fire: The Rise and Fall of
(SSFC, 11/7/04, p.M3)
1972-1979 In Rhodesia (later Zimbabwe) black
rebels fought an insurgency against the minority white rule of Ian
(Econ, 11/24/07, p.92)
1972-1988 The Great Salt Lake of Utah roughly
doubled in size over this period.
(NH, 9/97, p.16)
1972-1994 A computer error miscalculated payments
to 695,000 Social Security recipients to a total of $850 million in
retirement benefits over this period.
(SFC, 10/4/96, p.A3)
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