Return to home
1993 Jul 1, The space shuttle
Endeavour returned from a 10-day mission.
1993 Jul 1, In San Francisco
Gian Luigi Ferri (55) opened fire with a TEC-DC9 semiautomatic
pistol at the 34th floor law offices of Petit & Martin at 101
California St. He killed 8 people, wounded six and then committed
(SFC, 5/7/97, p.A17)(SFEC, 5/2/99, p.A11)(SSFC,
7/1/18, DB p.50)
1993 Jul 2, The White House
acknowledged that it had erred in firing seven travel office
employees and urging the FBI to investigate them.
1993 Jul 2, Sheik Omar
Abdel-Rahman, some of whose followers were accused in the bombing of
the World Trade Center, surrendered to immigration officials in New
1993 Jul 2, In Turkey writers
and artists, along with two hotel staff, were killed when an angry
mob set fire to the Madimak hotel in the Anatolian city of Sivas,
where they had been holding a conference as part of an Alevi
cultural festival. Islamist protesters had been angered by the
presence of the writer Aziz Nesin (d.1995) who had questioned the
authenticity of the Koran and also sought to translate Salman
Rushdie's controversial novel "The Satanic Verses". Two protesters
were also killed, bringing the total death toll to 37.
1993 Jul 3, Steffi Graf of
Germany won her third consecutive Wimbledon title as she defeated
Jana Novotna of the Czech Republic.
1993 Jul 3, Hall of Fame
pitcher Don Drysdale died in Montreal, Canada, at age 56.
1993 Jul 3, Ousted Haitian
President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and Haiti's military chief, Lt.
Gen. Raoul Cedras, separately signed an accord designed to return
Aristide to power.
1993 Jul 4, Pilar Fort was
crowned the 25th Miss Black America.
1993 Jul 4, Pete Sampras won
the men's title at Wimbledon, defeating fellow American Jim Courier.
1993 Jul 4, South African
leaders F.W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela received the Liberty Medal
in a ceremony outside Philadelphia's Independence Hall.
1993 Jul 4, Pizza Hut blimp
deflated & landed safely on W 56th street in NYC.
1993 Jul 5, President Clinton
left Washington for a Group of Seven summit in Japan.
1993 Jul 5, Harrison E.
Salisbury (b.1908), US journalist (NY Times), died.
1993 Jul 5, A United Nations
team left Iraq after trying for more than a month to persuade the
Baghdad government to allow surveillance cameras at two former
missile test sites.
1993 Jul 5, In eight separate
incidents, the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) kidnapped a total of
19 Western tourists traveling in southeastern Turkey. The hostages,
including U.S. citizen Colin Patrick Starger, were released unharmed
after spending several weeks in captivity.
1993 Jul 6, On the eve of the
Group of Seven summit in Tokyo, President Clinton and Japanese Prime
Minister Kiichi Miyazawa expressed optimism about resolving a
contentious trade dispute between their countries.
1993 Jul 7, The Group of Seven
nations (G7), on the first day of their economic summit in Tokyo,
unveiled a long-sought agreement on world trade. Prior to the summit
opening, President Clinton delivered a speech at Waseda University.
1993 Jul 7, Mia Zapata (27), a
rising punk-rock star, was last seen alive in Seattle. In 2003 Jesus
C. Mezquia (b.1965), who lived in Seattle at the time of the rape
and murder, was arrested in Florida on DNA evidence. On March 25,
2004, a jury convicted Florida fisherman Jesus Mezquia of her murder
and he was sentenced to 36 years in prison.
1993 Jul 8, A jury in Boise,
Idaho, acquitted white separatist Randy Weaver and a co-defendant of
slaying a federal marshal in a shootout at a remote mountain cabin.
1993 Jul 8, Leaders of the
Group of Seven, in the second day of their Tokyo summit, warned
against the dismembering of Bosnia, but backed away from a threat to
1993 Jul 8, In Latvia Guntis
Ulmanis was sworn in as president.
(BN, 10/97, p.3)
1993 Jul 9, Leaders of Bosnia's
Muslim-led government rejected a plan to divide the country into
three ethnically separate republics.
1993 Jul 9, Russian President
Boris Yeltsin met with Group of Seven leaders as they concluded
their three-day summit in Tokyo.
1993 Jul 10, President Clinton
ended his visit to Japan, then traveled to South Korea, where in a
speech to the National Assembly he denounced communist North Korea
for raising the specter of "nuclear annihilation."
1993 Jul 10, Kenyan runner
Yobes Ondieki became the first man to run 10,000 meters in less than
1993 Jul 11, President Clinton
wrapped up his visit to South Korea with a visit to the
Demilitarized Zone separating South and North Korea; he then flew to
Hawaii, where he placed a wreath at the site of the sunken
battleship USS Arizona at Pearl Harbor.
1993 Jul 11, In Des Moines,
Iowa, severe flooding shut down a water system serving 250,000
1993 Jul 12, Andrew Lloyd
Webber's musical "Sunset Boulevard" opened in London.
1993 Jul 12, 196 people were
killed when an earthquake measuring a magnitude of 7.8 struck
1993 Jul 12, In Somalia a mob
avenging a deadly United Nations attack on the compound of Mohamed
Farrah Aidid killed Dan Eldon (22), a US photo-journalist working
for Reuters, and three colleagues. They were stoned and beaten to
death at the scene of a bombing by UN forces of a house believed to
be the headquarters of Gen’l. Aidid.
(SFEM, 11/16/97, p.30)(AP, 7/12/98)
1993 Jul 13, The American
League defeated the National League in the All-Star Game, 9-3, in
1993 Jul 13, Race car driver
Davey Allison died in Birmingham, Ala., of injuries suffered in a
1993 Jul 13, A.K. Ramanujan
(b.1929), Indian poet and scholar, died in Chicago. In 1999 his
collected essays were published.
1993 Jul 14, President Clinton
visited flood-stricken Iowa for the second time in 10 days, telling
flood victims to "hang in there."
1993 Jul 15, Authorities in Los
Angeles announced eight arrests in connection with an alleged plot
by white supremacists to ignite a race war by bombing a black church
and killing prominent black Americans. Christopher Fisher, leader of
the Fourth Reich Skinheads, was later sentenced to more than 8 years
in federal prison while defendant Carl Daniel Boese was sentenced to
nearly 5 years in prison; both had pleaded guilty to arson and
1993 Jul 16, In Oakland Ca.,
Sizzler Restaurant manager Anthoney Vaughn was shot and killed
during a robbery by 2 men at 2710 Telegraph Ave. In 2012 Charles
Luckett (58) was charged with Vaughn’s murder after biological
evidence linked him to the scene.
(SFC, 6/27/12, p.C2)
1993 Jul 16, The surging
Mississippi River charged through a levee at West Quincy, Mo.,
closing the Bayview Bridge, the only bridge across the river to
Illinois for more than 200 miles.
1993 Jul 17, President Clinton,
with several Cabinet members in tow, traveled to Arnold, Mo., where
he heard the governors of eight flood-stricken states appeal for
more financial assistance; however, he held out little hope the
government could offer a total bailout.
1993 Jul 18, FBI Director
William Sessions continued to resist White House suggestions he step
down, saying he would resign only if President Clinton asked him to.
Sessions was fired by Clinton the next day.
1993 Jul 18, In Pakistan Shariq
and Ishaq Khan resigned under army pressure. An interim government,
headed by former world bank VP Moeen Qureshi, called for new
(SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)
1993 Jul 19, President Clinton
fired FBI Director William Sessions, citing "serious questions"
about Sessions' conduct and leadership.
1993 Jul 19, President Clinton
announced a compromise allowing homosexuals to serve in the
military, but only if they refrained from all homosexual activity,
under a compromise dubbed "don't ask, don't tell, don't pursue."
(HN, 7/19/98)(AP, 7/19/08)
1993 Jul 19, Szymon Goldberg
(84), Polish-born violinist, conductor, died in Japan. He became a
US citizen in 1953 and two years later founded the Netherlands
1993 Jul 20, Vincent Foster
Jr., deputy White House council, was found dead in a Virginia Park
near Washington. His death was claimed to be a suicide. An
eye-witness later claimed to see “suspicious-looking man" and a car
with Arkansas license plates not far from the scene. His death was
later concluded to be a suicide. Information relating to these
events were later leaked by a source identified as "Deep Water."
(SFC, 11/12/96, p.A7)(SFC, 7/16/97, p.A3)(WSJ,
2/18/98, p.A24)(AP, 7/20/98)
1993 Jul 20, A day after firing
William Sessions as FBI director, President Clinton named federal
judge Louis Freeh (b.1950) to replace him. Freeh served until June,
(AP, 7/20/98)(WSJ, 6/14/02, p.A4)
1993 Jul 21, More rain set back
cleanup and recovery efforts in parts of the Midwest; Transportation
Secretary Federico Pena examined flood damage along the Mississippi
in Keokuk, Iowa.
1993 Jul 22, Japanese Prime
Minister Kiichi Miyazawa agreed to resign, following big election
losses by the scandal-plagued Liberal Democrats.
1993 Jul 23, US Surgeon
General-designate Joycelyn Elders stuck by her firm stands on sex
education and AIDS prevention in a one-day confirmation hearing on
1993 Jul 23, White House deputy
counsel Vincent W. Foster Jr. was buried near Hope, Ark., three days
after taking his own life in a Virginia park.
1993 Jul 23, In South Carolina
Larry Demery and Daniel Green came upon James Jordan sleeping in his
car and proceeded to rob him. As Jordan awoke Green shot Jordan, the
56-year-old father of basketball star Michael Jordan. Green was
found guilty of murder in April 1995, largely based on the testimony
of his life-long friend, Larry Demery, and was sentenced to life in
prison. Demery pleaded guilty in May 1995 and was sentenced to life
in prison. Both killers were sentenced at the Robeson County
Courthouse in Lumberton, North Carolina.
1993 Jul 23, British Prime
Minister John Major survived a vote of confidence and a reluctant
House of Commons approved a treaty of European union on his terms.
1993 July 23, A handful of men
shot and killed 6 children and teenagers at the Candelaria Cathedral
and 2 more at the Museum of Modern Art in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In
1996 one of the four men accused, former police officer Nelson dos
Santos Cunha, confessed to having taken part. About 2,000 children
roam Rio’s streets and in 1994, 936 youths under 18 were murdered.
In 1996 a court cleared 2 policemen and another man in killings. Two
other policemen were convicted earlier. In 1997 a court reduced the
sentence of Cunha from 261 years to 18 years. In 1998 Marcos Aurelio
Alcantara (30) was convicted and sentenced to 204 years in jail.
(SFC, 4/28/96, A-14)(SFC, 11/28/96, p.B6)(WSJ,
12/11/96, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/20/97, p.A1)(SFC, 8/27/98, p.A14)
1993 Jul 24, US House Ways and
Means Chairman Dan Rostenkowski denied allegations he'd received
embezzled funds, saying he had engaged in "no illegal or unethical
1993 Jul 24, The Russian
government announced it would invalidate billions of pre-1993
1993 Jul 25, In Iowa Dustin
Honken, out on bond in a drugs case, and his girlfriend, Angela
Johnson, kidnapped and killed Lori Duncan (31) and her two daughters
from their Mason City home. Duncan's boyfriend Greg Nicholson was
also killed. In November Honken killed Terry DeGeus (32), another
drug dealer working with him. In 2012 Johnson's death sentence
was reduced to life in prison. Honken was executed on July 17, 2020.
1993 Jul 25, Israel launched
its heaviest artillery and air assault on Lebanon since 1982 in an
attempt to eradicate Hezbollah and Palestinian guerrilla threats.
Guerrillas fired rockets into Israel. The fighting ended July 31
with a U.S.-brokered cease-fire. Israel and Hezbollah then agreed
not to attack civilian targets, but the cease-fire was short lived.
(AP, 7/25/98)(SFC, 5/24/00, p.A15)
1993 Jul 26, President Clinton
launched a harder sell for his budget at a conference in Chicago,
accusing Republicans of gridlock.
1993 Jul 26, In the SF Bay Area
Pat Hatfield founded the Colma Historical Association.
1993 Jul 26, Ret. Gen. Matthew
B. Ridgway (98), US Army Chief of Staff (1953-55), died in Fox
1993 Jul 26, A Boeing 737-500
crashed in South Korea and 68 people were killed.
1993 Jul 27, IBM reported a
record $8.4 billion quarterly loss.
1993 Jul 27, Boston Celtics
star Reggie Lewis died after collapsing on a Brandeis University
basketball court during practice; he was 27.
1993 Jul 27, Israeli guns and
aircraft pounded southern Lebanon in reprisal for rocket attacks by
1993 Jul 27, Bombs exploded in
Rome and Milan, killing at least five people.
1993 Jul 28, President Clinton
declared himself ready to provide air power to protect peacekeepers
in Bosnia if he received a request from the United Nations.
1993 Jul 29, The Israeli
Supreme Court acquitted retired Ohio autoworker John Demjanjuk of
being Nazi death camp guard "Ivan the Terrible," and threw out his
death sentence. Demjanjuk was set free. Soviet archives opened after
1991 seemed to prove that he was not Ivan the Terrible.
(AP, 7/29/98)(Econ, 3/24/12, p.98)
1993 Jul 30, Bosnia's outgunned
Muslim-led government abandoned its efforts to hold the region
together, agreeing to a preliminary accord to divide the former
Yugoslav republic into three ethnic states.
1993 Jul 31, The Missouri River
overflowed. It was just part of the massive flooding throughout the
(WSJ, 9/11/96, p.A20)
1993 Jul 31, A U.S.-brokered
truce halted Israel's weeklong military offensive in southern
Lebanon, which was launched in retaliation for guerrilla attacks
that killed seven Israeli troops.
1993 Jul 31, Belgium's King
Baudouin I died at age 62; he was succeeded by his brother, Prince
1993 Jul, William Stafford,
former poet laureate of the US from Portland, Or., completed a set
of poems for the US Forest Service for the North Cascade Scenic
Highway in Washington. He died a month later at 79.
(WSJ, 10/7/97, p.A20)
1993 Jul, The first American
ground troops entered the former Yugoslavia as 300 Americans joined
a UN peacekeeping force in Macedonia.
(WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1993 Jul, In Italy the modern
art museum in central Milan was damaged by bombs. Two churches in
Rome were also damaged, including the Basilica of St. John Lateran,
between May and July. [see May 20]
(SFEC, 6/7/98, p.A23)
1993 Jul, In Japan the Aum
Shinri Kyo cult again pumped a slurry of liquid anthrax into a
sprayer and shot it near the Imperial Palace and around central
Tokyo without success.
(SFC, 5/27/98, p.A12)
1993 Jul, Ricardo Salinas
Pliego won a privatization auction of Mexico’s government-run TV
Azteca with a bid of $643 million. It later emerged that he had
borrowed nearly $30 million from Raul Salinas, the brother of
then-Pres. Carlos Salinas (no relation), prompting some to question
whether the sale had been rigged.
(WSJ, 8/7/96, p.A10)(WSJ, 12/8/05, p.A11)
1993 Jul, In Nakhon Ratchasima,
Thailand, a 6-story hotel collapsed and crushed 102 people.
(SFC, 11/26/96, p.B1)
1993 Aug 1, The city of St.
Louis found itself besieged by the Mississippi and Missouri rivers,
which had swelled to record levels after months of flooding in nine
1993 Aug 1, Ewing Marion
Kauffman (b.1916) founder of Marion Laboratories (1950) and the
Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation (1966), died.
1993 Aug 2, In a dramatic scene
shown on national television, Jessica, a 2 1/2-year-old girl at the
center of a custody battle, was removed from the Michigan home of
Jan and Roberta DeBoer and turned over to her biological parents,
Dan and Cara Schmidt of Iowa.
1993 Aug 3, The US Senate voted
96-3 to confirm Supreme Court nominee Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
1993 Aug 3, James Jordan
(b.1936), the father of basketball star Michael Jordan, was found
dead in a South Carolina creek, 11 days after he was slain; his
remains were not identified until Aug. 13.
1993 Aug 4, The US Senate
approved a $5.8 billion disaster bill for Midwestern flood victims.
1993 Aug 4, A federal judge
sentenced Los Angeles police officers Stacey Koon and Laurence
Powell to 2 1/2 years in prison for violating Rodney King's civil
1993 Aug 4, Rwandan Hutu's and
Tutsi's negotiated power-sharing agreement in Arusha, Tanzania. It
was viewed as a sellout by extremist leaders of the Hutu majority.
1993 Aug 5, The U.S. House of
Representatives passed President Clinton's budget plan by a close
vote of 218-216.
1993 Aug 5, Japan's Cabinet
resigned, paving the way for the end of 38 years of rule by the
Liberal Democratic Party.
1993 Aug 6, The U.S. Senate
joined the House in passing President Clinton's budget plan, 51-50,
with a tie-breaking vote cast by Vice President Al Gore.
1993 Aug 6, Louis Freeh won US
Senate confirmation to be director of the FBI.
1993 Aug 6, Ben Klassen
(b.1918), founder of the racist Creativity Movement (1973),
committed suicide. He had made a packet of money by inventing an
electric-can opener and spent it on printing copies of his books,
which included “Nature’s Eternal Religion" and “The White Man’s
Bible." Creativity almost died out as a religion until the New
Church of the Creator was established three years later by Matthew
F. Hale as its Pontifex Maximus (high priest). In January, 2003,
Hale was incarcerated for plotting with the movement's head of
security, Anthony Evola (an FBI informant), to murder a federal
1993 Aug 6, Morihiro Hosokawa
was elected the new prime minister of Japan by the country's lower
house of Parliament. The Liberal Democratic Party was ousted after
ruling since 1955. Hosokawa had formed the Japan New Party in May
1992. It ruled for only 8 months.
(Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 217)(WSJ, 3/27/96,
p.B-13)(AP, 8/6/98)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.52)
1993 Aug 7, The public got its
first glimpse inside Buckingham Palace as people were given the
opportunity to tour the London home of Queen Elizabeth II. Proceeds
from ticket sales were earmarked to help repair fire damage at
1993 Aug 8, Six people were
killed when their balloon hit a power line near Aspen, Colorado,
tearing off the basket and sending it plunging 30 meters to the
1993 Aug 8, Freddie Woodruff
(b.1947), CIA agent chief in Tbilisi, Georgia, was shot and killed
during an outing with friends. Georgian authorities charged Anzor
Sharmaidze (20), a volunteer soldier, with the murder. Sharmaidze
confessed under torture and later said he was framed for the murder.
In 2008 Sharmaidze was granted parole from prison.
1993 Aug 8, In Somalia, four
U.S. soldiers were killed when a land mine was detonated underneath
their vehicle. This prompted President Clinton to order Army Rangers
to try to capture Somali warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid.
1993 Aug 9, Reputed "Hollywood
Madam" Heidi Fleiss pleaded innocent in Los Angeles to five counts
of pandering and one count of selling cocaine. Fleiss was convicted
in 1994 of three counts of pandering and acquitted of the drug
charge, but the verdicts were later thrown out due to jury
misconduct. She eventually pleaded guilty to attempted pandering.
1993 Aug 9, Mohamed M. Tabet
(54), commissar of Casablanca, was executed by firing squad. He had
committed violent acts against some 16000 women.
1993 Aug 10, President Clinton
signed a massive deficit-reduction bill into law.
1993 Aug 10, Ruth Bader
Ginsburg was sworn in as the second female justice on the U.S.
1993 Aug 11, President Clinton
named Army Gen. John Shalikashvili to be the new chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, succeeding the retiring Gen. Colin Powell.
1993 Aug 11, Pope John Paul II
1993 Aug 12, Pope John Paul II
began his third U.S. visit in Denver.
1993 Aug 12, President Clinton
signed a relief package for the flooded Midwest. Clinton also lifted
a ban on rehiring air traffic controllers fired for going on strike
1993 Aug 12, The launch of
space shuttle Discovery was scrubbed at the last second.
1993 Aug 13, Negotiators for
the US, Canada and Mexico announced they had resolved side issues
concerning the proposed North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
1993 Aug 13, US Court of
Appeals ruled that congress must save all e-mails.
1993 Aug 14, A jury in New York
acquitted Washington lawyer Robert Altman of fraud charges for
dealings linked to the Bank of Credit and Commerce International.
1993 Aug 14, Pope John Paul II
denounced abortion and euthanasia as well as sexual abuse by
American priests in a speech at McNichols Sports Arena in Denver.
1993 Aug 15, Pope John Paul II
ended his four-day U.S. visit with a farewell address at Denver's
Stapleton International Airport in which he denounced the "culture
of death" of abortion and euthanasia.
1993 Aug 15, An Egyptian
surrendered peacefully after hijacking a Dutch jet to Germany to
demand the U.S. release Muslim cleric Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman.
1993 Aug 15, Robert W. Kempner
(93), German officer of justice in Prussia and special US prosecutor
of Nazis, died.
1993 Aug 16, President Clinton
opened his campaign for health care reform with a speech to the
nation's governors in Tulsa, Okla.
1993 Aug 16, New York police
rescued business executive Harvey Weinstein from a covered
14-foot-deep pit, where he'd been held for ransom for nearly two
1993 Aug 16, Actor Stewart
Granger (80) died in Santa Monica, Calif.
1993 Aug 17, A prosecutor in
Wayne County, Mich., charged Dr. Jack Kevorkian under Michigan's ban
on assisted suicide for aiding in the death of Thomas Hyde, who
suffered from Lou Gehrig's disease. A jury later acquitted
Kevorkian. Kevorkian provided patients means and assistance in dying
and Michigan’s legislature moved to outlaw his work.
(TMC, 1994, p.1993)(AP, 8/17/98)
1993 Aug 18, A judge in
Sarasota, Fla., ruled that Kimberly Mays, the 14-year-old girl
switched at birth with another baby, need never see her biological
parents again, in accordance with her stated wishes. However, she
later moved in with Ernest and Regina Twigg.
1993 Aug 18, Tseng "Jim" Peng,
electronics tycoon, returned to California from a trip to Taiwan and
found his mistress, Ranbing "Jennifer" Ji, stabbed to death and his
5-month-old son suffocated. His wife Lisa Peng was found guilty in
1996 after an initial trial ended in deadlock. Lisa Peng's
conviction was reversed in 1999 due to questionable police tactics.
(SFEC, 10/10/99, p.C5)
1993 Aug 19, Mattel and Fisher
Price toys announced a merger.
1993 Aug 19, Dr. George Tiller
was shot and wounded outside an abortion clinic in Wichita, Kan., by
Rachelle Shannon. Shannon was later sentenced to eleven years in
prison and also ordered to serve 20 additional years for arson and
acid attacks at abortion clinics in Oregon, California and Nevada.
1993 Aug 20, Conjoined twins
Angela and Amy Lakeberg were separated at The Children's Hospital of
Philadelphia in an operation that sacrificed Amy, since the sisters
shared a common heart and liver tissue. Angela died in June 1994.
1993 Aug 21, In a serious
setback for NASA, engineers lost contact with the Mars Observer
spacecraft on a $980 million mission. Its fate remains unknown.
1993 Aug 21, The US Justice
Dept. took over the FTC investigation into the business practices of
(WSJ, 11/8/99, p.A30)
1993 Aug 22, NASA engineers
continued trying, without success, to re-establish contact with the
Mars Observer, a day after losing contact.
1993 Aug 23, Former Detroit
police officers Larry Nevers and Walter Budzyn were convicted of
second-degree murder in the fatal beating of black motorist Malice
Green. Both convictions were later overturned. On retrial, Budzyn
was convicted of involuntary manslaughter and sentenced to time
served; Nevers was convicted of involuntary manslaughter in April
2000, but had that conviction reversed by an appeals court in March
1993 Aug 23, Los Angeles police
confirmed that pop star Michael Jackson was the subject of a
criminal investigation. Prosecutors began investigating Michael
Jackson after a 13-year-old boy said Jackson had sex with him. An
out of court settlement was reached for $15-20 mil. The boy’s father
later filed suit against Jackson for violating a promise not to
discuss the settlement.
(AP, 8/23/98)(SFC, 6/12/96, p.E3)
1993 Aug 24, The Clinton
administration unveiled its proposed revisions to wetlands policy,
which would expand protection but also give landowners some
1993 Aug 24, NASA’s Mars
Observer, which was supposed to map the surface of Mars, is declared
1993 Aug 25, The United States
applied limited sanctions against China and Pakistan after
concluding the Chinese had sold M-11 missile technology to the
(WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A4)(AP, 8/25/98)
1993 Aug 25, Amy Biehl,
Stanford graduate and Fulbright scholar from Newport Beach, Calif.,
was slain while attempting to drive black friends home to Guguletu
outside Cape Town. Four members of the Congress’ youth wing were
arrested, convicted and sentenced to 18-year jail terms. They later
requested amnesty from the Truth & Reconciliation Commission. In
1998 the 4 men convicted of Biehl’s murder were given amnesty. In
2016 Justine van der Leun authored “We Are Not Such Things," an
account of those involved in the Biehl murder.
(SFC, 8/21/96, p.A8)(SFEC, 6/29/97, p.D1)(WSJ,
7/29/98, p.A1)(AP, 8/25/98)(Econ, 7/23/16, p.68)
1993 Aug 26, Sheik Omar
Abdel-Rahman and 14 co-defendants entered innocent pleas in federal
court in New York, a day after their indictment on charges of
conspiring to wage terrorism against the United States.
1993 Aug 26, Landlady Dorothea
Puente was convicted in Monterey, Calif., of murdering three of her
boardinghouse tenants; she was later sentenced to life without
1993 Aug 27, The U.N. Security
Council suspended 2 1/2-month-old economic sanctions against Haiti
to spur the country's return to democracy. They were reimposed the
1993 Aug 27, Gen’l. Ibrahim
Babangida ended his rule over Nigeria.
1993 Aug 28, In Australia
Jeffrey Gilham (23) allegedly stabbed his father, mother and brother
to death in their Sydney home, but told police he killed his sibling
in a fit of rage after discovering he had murdered their parents. He
pleaded guilty in 1995 to the manslaughter of his brother (25),
escaping with a five-year good behavior bond. Gilham was eventually
charged with the killings of his parent in February 2006 after 13
years of campaigning by his paternal uncles. In 2009 Jeffrey Gilham
was sentenced to life in prison. In 2012 a court found Jeffrey
should be acquitted and not retried over the killing of his parents.
1993 Aug 28, The Bosnian
Parliament ordered President Alija Izetbegovic back to talks on
ending 17 months of war with demands to squeeze more territory for
the Muslim-led government.
1993 Aug 29, Negotiations
continued between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization,
with Israel reported on the verge of recognizing the PLO.
1993 Aug 29, In Rio’s Vigario
Geral favela 21 residents were massacred by police to avenge the
killing of 4 colleagues. 52 policemen were accused in the massacre
and in 1997 Paulo Roberto Alvarenga was the first to be tried. He
was sentenced to 450 years in prison but the law limited him to
serve no more than 30 years.
4/28/97, p.A12)(Econ, 4/9/05, p.31)
1993 Aug 30, "The Late Show
with David Letterman" premiered on CBS-TV.
1993 Aug 30, Richard Jordan, US
actor (Hunt for Red October, Posse), died at 55, shortly after
finishing movie, Gettysburg (Gen Armistead).
1993 Aug 30, Robert Malval was
installed as prime minister of Haiti during a ceremony at the
Haitian Embassy in Washington.
1993 Aug 30, The 150 millionth
person visited the Eiffel Tower.
1993 Aug 30, Israel's Cabinet
approved a framework for Palestinian autonomy in the occupied
1993 Aug 31, Mideast peace
talks resumed in Washington amid hopes that a historic agreement to
establish Palestinian autonomous areas would be concluded within
1993 Aug 31, Hurricane Emily
hit North Carolina's Outer Banks, killing three people.
1993 Aug 31, Russia withdrew
its last soldier from Lithuania, the first Baltic nation to eject
all former Soviet troops.
1993 Aug 31, Venezuela’s
Congress officially removed President Andres Perez (b.1922) from
office. Perez had served 2 terms as presidents (1974-1979,
1989-1993). He was impeached following a scandal on the alleged
mishandling of US$17 million from the presidents' special secret
fund, used to help Violeta Chamorro's government in Nicaragua.
1993 Aug, In San Francisco the
Holy City Zoo comedy club, in operation since 1974, closed its doors
at 400 Clement St.
(SSFC, 7/29/18, DB p.50)
1993 Aug, A 370-pound heroin
shipment was seized in New Orleans. In 1997 Thai police seized a
Burmese man, Liu Wen Ming, for organizing the shipment. Ming was
suspected of being an associate of drug kingpin Khun Sa.
(SFC, 4/1/97, p.A12)
1993 Aug, Norwegian academic
Terje Roed-Larsen and other Norwegian mediators helped broker a
secret peace accord in which the Palestinians formally recognized
Israel's right to exist and Israel agreed to establish self-rule in
the West Bank and Gaza. The accord allowed thousands of PLO
guerrillas to return to Palestine without Israeli interference.
(SFC, 6/19/96, p.A8)(SFC, 6/4/98, p.C3)(AP,
1993 Sep 1, The Pentagon
unveiled a five-year defense plan to further shrink the U.S.
military in favor of a lean, high-tech force.
1993 Sep 1, Louis Freeh was
sworn in as director of the FBI.
(AP, 9/1/99)(WSJ, 9/3/99, p.A12)
1993 Sep 2, The United States
and Russia formally ended decades of competition in space by
agreeing to a joint venture to build a space station.
1993 Sep 3, The US Labor
Department reported the nation's unemployment rate edged down to a
two-year low of 6.7 percent the previous month.
1993 Sep 4, The Fatah faction
of the PLO endorsed a peace accord with Israel.
1993 Sep 4, Pope John Paul II
launched the first papal visit to the former Soviet Union as he
began a tour of the Baltic republics.
1993 Sep 4, Herve Hillechaize
(50) died in Los Angeles. The Fantasy Island actor shot himself to
1993 Sep 5, "Jelly's Last Jam"
closed at Virginia Theater NYC after 569 performances.
1993 Sep 5, "Will Rogers
Follies" closed at Palace Theater NYC after 983 performances.
1993 Sep 5, Claude Renoir,
French cinematographer (Spy Who Loved Me), died at 78.
1993 Sep 5, Seven Nigerian
soldiers were killed in a militia ambush in Somalia as they went to
the aid of other UN peacekeepers surrounded by a stone-throwing mob.
1993 Sep 6, President Clinton
visited South Florida, where he met with residents recovering from
1993 Sep 6, Jacquelyn McNealy
(24) was wounded and partially paralyzed at a Pine Bluff, Ark.,
concert that featured Tupac Shakur. In 1996 she won a $16.6 million
(SFC, 11/21/96, p.A3)
1993 Sep 6, Automakers Renault
of France and Volvo of Sweden announced they would merge; however,
Volvo canceled the deal the following December.
1993 Sep 7, President Clinton
put forth an ambitious plan to "reinvent government" by reducing the
1993 Sep 7, Dr. Joycelyn Elders
was confirmed by the Senate to be surgeon general.
1993 Sep 7, Two white laborers
were convicted in West Palm Beach, Fla., of burning a black tourist
from New York; both were later sentenced to life in prison.
1993 Sep 7, Hall Bartlett
(b.1922), US director, writer and producer, died. His film
productions included “Jonathan Livingston Seagull" (1973).
1993 Sep 8, Joycelyn Elders,
M.D., appointed by Pres. Clinton, became the US Surgeon General. She
was released Dec 31, 1994, after espousing studies on masturbation
and drug legalization. In 1996 she published her autobiography.
1993 Sep 8, German tourist
Uwe-Wilhelm Rakebrand was killed by a woman firing from a van as he
and his wife drove away from the Miami airport. The gunwoman and an
accomplice received life prison sentences; the van's driver received
1993 Sep 8, Christopher Simmons
(17), a Missouri high school student, kidnapped, bound and killed
Mrs. Shirley Crooks by throwing her into a river from a railroad
trestle. He was arrested the next day, confessed and 9 months later
was sentenced to death. In 2003 the Missouri supreme Court changed
the sentence to life in prison due to Simmons’ age. In 2005 the
Supreme Court ruled against the execution of minors.
(SFC, 11/4/04, p.B3)(Econ, 3/5/05, p.31)
1993 Sep 8, Black gunmen in
South Africa launched a series of attacks on black commuters,
claiming two dozen lives.
1993 Sep 9-1993 Sep 14,
Hurricane Gert caused 76 deaths. It affected Mexico, Honduras, Costa
Rica, and Nicaragua.
1993 Sep 9, PLO leaders and
Israel agreed to recognize each other, clearing the way for a peace
1993 Sep 9, Former Philippine
President Ferdinand Marcos was buried in his homeland, four years
after his death in exile.
1993 Sep 9, About a hundred
Somali gunmen and civilians were killed when U.S. and Pakistani
peacekeepers fired on Somalis attacking other peacekeepers.
1993 Sep 10, The cult series
"The X-Files" premiered on Fox Television.
1993 Sep 10, First lady Hillary
Rodham Clinton lashed out at what she called "standpat, negative,
nay-saying" opponents of health reform in an address to state
legislators at George Washington University.
1993 Sep 11, Antoine Izmery, a
prominent supporter of exiled Haitian President Jean-Bertrand
Aristide, was shot and killed outside a church in Port-au-Prince;
the UN mission accused Haitian armed forces of involvement.
Louis-Jodel Chamblain was later convicted in absentia for his role
in the murder.
(AP, 9/11/98)(SFC, 3/24/04, p.A9)
1993 Sep 11, In India car bomb
exploded outside the offices of the Indian Youth Congress on Raisina
Road in New Delhi, killing nine people. In 2001 Sikh separatist
Devinderpal Singh Bhullar (b.1965) was convicted of triggering the
bomb and sentenced to death. In 2014 his sentence was commuted to
life in prison.
1993 Sep 11, Austrian born US
conductor and author Erich Leinsdorf died in Zurich, Switzerland, at
age 81. His work included "Cadenza."
1993 Sep 12, The space shuttle
Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral on a 10-day mission.
1993 Sep 12, Actor Raymond Burr
(76) died of liver cancer at his Northern California ranch.
1993 Sep 12, In San Antonio,
Texas, Rodolfo Rodriguez (72), his wife Virginia (62) and Paula
Moran (90), a former nanny, were fatally stabbed in a robbery that
netted about $300. A grand-nephew of the couple later implicated
himself, his brother and Arnold Prieto. In Jan 21, 2015, Prieto (41)
was executed for his role in the killings.
(SFC, 1/22/15, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/mv4k33j)
1993 Sep 13, In a historic
scene at the White House, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and
PLO chairman Yasser Arafat shook hands after signing an accord
granting limited Palestinian autonomy. It gave Arafat control of
most of the Gaza Strip and 27% of the West Bank. In 2002 Neal
Kozodoy edited ""The Mideast Peace Process: An Autopsy."
(AP, 9/13/97)(WSJ, 2/11/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/12/04,
1993 Sep 14, British tourist
Gary Colley was shot and killed, his female companion Margaret
Jagger wounded, at a highway rest stop in Florida. Three young men,
Aundra Aikins, John Crumitie, and Deron Spear, were arrested charged
and convicted. Two suspects later received life sentences; two
others received lesser sentences.
(AP, 9/14/03)(SFC, 8/29/97, p.A8)
1993 Sep 14, Israel and Jordan
signed a framework for negotiations, a day after the signing of a
PLO-Israeli peace accord.
1993 Sep 15, Katherine Ann
Power, former 60s radical who spent 23 years in hiding, surrendered
to authorities at Boston College law school in Newton. She faced
charges stemming from a 1970 bank robbery in which Boston police
officer Walter Schroeder Sr. (42) was killed. Power pleaded guilty
to charges of armed robbery and the reduced charge of manslaughter.
On October 6, 1993, she received a five-year federal term, to run
concurrently with an 8-12 year state sentence. She was released in
1993 Sep 15, In Sicily Rev.
Giuseppe Puglisi (56), a spokesman against organized crime, was shot
in the back of the neck while on the doorstep of his home. Courts
later ruled the gunman was carrying out orders by Mafia bosses
irritated by the priest's efforts to encourage young people to turn
their backs on the mob. In 1999 Giuseppe Graviano, a Mafia boss, was
convicted and sentenced to life in prison for ordering the murder.
Puglisi was declared a martyr by the Vatican and beatified in 2013,
the last formal step before possible sainthood.
(SFC, 10/6/99, p.C16)(AFP, 9/15/18)
1993 Sep 16, The American TV
sitcom Frasier, a spinoff from “Cheers," premiered with John Mahoney
(1940-2018) as the cranky dad of pompous sons Frasier and Niles. The
show continued to 2004.
1993 Sep 16, A judge in Berlin
convicted three elderly former Communist leaders in the shooting
deaths of East Germans who had tried to scale the Berlin Wall.
1993 Sep 17, President Clinton
urged China to cancel an underground nuclear test, assuring the
Beijing government it had nothing to fear from the world's other
1993 Sep 18, Kimberly Clarice
Aiken of South Carolina was crowned Miss America at the pageant in
Atlantic City, N.J.
1993 Sep 19, The NBC sitcom
"Seinfeld" and the offbeat CBS drama "Picket Fences" each won three
trophies at the 45th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards.
1993 Sep 19, Polish voters
turned left in parliamentary elections, giving the most number of
seats to the Democratic Left Alliance.
1993 Sep 20, QVC Network Inc.
proposed a $9.5 billion stock and cash merger with Paramount
Communications Inc.; however, Viacom eventually won the battle to
1993 Sep 21, The US National
and Community Service Trust Act became law under the Clinton
administration. It included AmeriCorps, a volunteer national service
program for young adults to teach children to read and to build
homes for those in need. A modest living allowance was provided
along with up to $4,725 in education vouchers for completing one
year of service. By 2002 there were some 50,000 participants earning
$9,300 per year with education benefits to $9,500.
p.A3)(SSFC, 1/6/02, p.A3)
1993 Sep 21, The police drama
"NYPD Blue" premiered on ABC.
1993 Sep 21, Russian President
Boris Yeltsin announced he was ousting the hard-line,
Communist-dominated Congress that had long opposed his reforms.
1993 Sep 22, President Clinton
previewed his health care reform package in an address to a
nationally broadcast session of Congress.
1993 Sep 22, Forty-seven people
were killed when an Amtrak passenger train derailed and crashed into
Bayou Canot near Mobile, Ala.
1993 Sep 22, The space shuttle
"Discovery" and its five astronauts landed at Kennedy Space Center,
ending a 10-day mission.
1993 Sep 22, Russia’s President
Boris Yeltsin disbanded the Supreme Soviet. Yeltsin issued Decree
No. 1400 that dissolved the Congress on the ground that the
president as a guarantor of the spirit of the constitution could not
let a legal deadlock last. Hard-line supporters of the legislature
soon rebelled and over 100 people died in Moscow.
(www.cs.indiana.edu/~dmiguse/Russian/bybio.html)(SFC, 9/9/98, p.A10)
1993 Sep 23, Seattle’s City
Council passed a sit/lie ban affecting the downtown area between 7
am and 9 pm. The law was upheld by the US Court of Appeals in 1996.
1993 Sep 23, Sydney, Australia,
was selected to host the 2000 Summer Olympics, beating Beijing by 2
votes. It was later revealed that 2 African members of the IOC had
been bribed the night before the vote.
(AP, 9/23/98)(SFC, 1/23/99, p.A1)
1993 Sep 23, The Israeli
parliament ratified the Israel-PLO accord.
1993 Sep 23, The South African
parliament voted to allow blacks a role in governing.
1993 Sep 24, Addressing the
United Nations, Nelson Mandela asked the world community to lift
economic sanctions against South Africa, saying huge foreign
investments would help prevent unrest and build a multiracial
1993 Sep 24, Norodom Sihanouk
was reinstalled as king of Cambodia.
(HN, 9/24/98)(MC, 9/24/01)
1993 Sep 24, The 1st Israeli
was killed by Islamics after PLO signed the peace accord.
1993 Sep 24, Imelda Marcos,
wife of the late Ferdinand Marcos, former dictator of the
Philippines, was sentenced to 18 years imprisonment after being
found guilty on charges of widespread corruption. Imelda was also
noted for her vast shoe collection.
1993 Sep 25, Three U.S.
soldiers in Somalia were killed when their helicopter was downed by
a rocket-propelled grenade.
1993 Sep 26, Eight people
emerged from the glass dome of Biosphere Two in the Arizona desert
after being sealed inside for two years in an experiment dogged by
setbacks and controversy.
(SFC, 11/25/96, p.A3)(AP, 9/26/98)
1993 Sep 26, Boston detective
John Mulligan was shot and killed outside a pharmacy. In October
Sean Ellis (19) was arrested as a suspect in the murder. Ellis spent
almost 22 years behind bars before his conviction was overturned. In
2021 Ellis (46) was fully exonerated.
1993 Sep 27, Sen. Kay Bailey
Hutchison, R-Texas, was indicted on charges that, as Texas state
treasurer, she'd misused state facilities and employees. The
indictment was dismissed for technical reasons; Hutchison was
reindicted and later acquitted.
1993 Sep 27, Retired Gen. James
H. Doolittle died in Pebble Beach, Calif., at age 96.
1993 Sep 28, First lady Hillary
Rodham Clinton went to Capitol Hill to begin selling the
administration's health care plan to Congress.
1993 Sep 28, Peter De Vries
(b.1910), novelist, essayist (New Yorker), died at 83.
1993 Sep 29, Bosnia's
parliament spurned an international peace plan, voting
overwhelmingly to reject it unless Bosnian Serbs returned land taken
1993 Sep 30, US Treasury
Department issued a report sharply criticizing top officials at the
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms for their handling of the
February raid on the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas.
1993 Sep 30, Gen Colin Powell
(56) stepped down as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in a
retirement ceremony at Fort Myer, Va.
(AP, 9/30/98)(SSFC, 12/17/00, p.A14)
1993 Sep 30, MS Dos 6.2 was
1993 Sep 30, An estimated
10,000 (28,000) people were killed when an earthquake measuring a
magnitude of 6.0-6.4 struck Latur in southern India. Its epicenter
was about 350 miles southwest of Jabalpur.
(SFC, 5/22/97, p.C4)(AP, 9/30/98)(SFC, 3/30/99,
1993 Sep, American audiences
were able to see "The Borrowers" by Mary Norton, an adaptation
produced for the BBC by Working Title Television.
(WSJ, 8/8/95, p. A12)
1993 Sep, AT&T announced
the WorldPartners Association and WorldSource Services geared to
multinational customers. Less than a year later MCI announced a
joint venture with British Telecom called Concert and Sprint
announced plans to join with Deutsche Telecom and France Telecom.
(Hem, 4/96, p.36)
1993 Sep, Azerbaijan joined the
Commonwealth of Independent States.
(CO, Grolier’s Amer. Acad. Enc./ Azerbaijan)
1993 Sep, In Mexico Raul
Salinas lent $29.8 mil for 6 years at 12% to Ricardo Salinas Pliego
to buy TV Azteca, Mexico’s 2nd largest network, from the government
for $669 mil.
(SFC, 7/9/96, p.D1)(WSJ, 8/7/96, p.A10)
1993 Oct 1, The US federal tax
on gasoline was raised to 18.3 cents per gallon.
1993 Oct 1, In Petaluma, Ca.
12-year-old Polly Klaas was kidnapped from her bedroom while playing
with two girl friends by a knife-wielding intruder; her body was
found more than two months later. 60 days later Richard Allen Davis
was arrested for the kidnap and murder of Polly. He was later
convicted and sentenced to death.
(SFC, 4/24/96, p.A-1)(AP, 10/1/98)
1993 Oct 1, The Church of
Scientology secured tax-exempt status for its main branch in a
settlement with the IRS in which it paid $12.5 million. The church
agreed to drop thousands of suits against the IRS. The details were
only made public in 1997.
(WSJ, 12/30/97, p.A1)
1993 Oct 2, Henry Ringling
North (83), circus owner (Ringling Bros Circus), died at a Swiss
1993 Oct 2, Hundreds of
opponents of Russian President Boris Yeltsin battled police in
Moscow and set up burning barricades in the biggest clash of
Russia's 12-day-old political crisis.
1993 Oct 2, In Son La, Vietnam,
53 members of the Thai minority died in a mass suicide organized by
Ca Van Lieng, leader of a doomsday cult.
(SFC, 3/27/97, p.A19)
1993 Oct 3, Eighteen US Rangers
and Delta Force specialists died in a botched raid in Somalia and
over 70 were wounded. Master Sgt. Gary Gordon and Sgt. 1st Class
Randy Shughart pulled injured pilot, Chief Warrant Officer 3 Michael
Durant, from the helicopter. Durant survived while Gordon and
Shughart were killed. In 1999 Mark Bowden published "Black Hawk
Dawn," an account of the failed attempt to capture Mohammed Farrah
Aidid. At least 500 Somalis were killed and 1,000 injured.
10/23/95, p.A-18)(WSJ, 3/11/99, p.A20)(SFEC, 3/28/99, BR p.3)(SSFC,
1993 Oct 3, President Clinton
expressed sorrow at the deaths of American soldiers in Somalia, but
reaffirmed that U.S. forces would stay in the African nation.
1993 Oct 3, Boris Yeltsin
declared a state of emergency in Moscow, as fighting erupted in the
streets between pro- and anti-Yeltsin forces. 62 people died in the
violence, that ended two days later when the rebel vice president
and speaker of parliament surrendered. A battle at the TV station
Ostankino, Moscow, killed as many as 100 people. Cameraman Rory Peck
(b.1956) was shot dead by members of the "Vitez" special forces unit
of the Russian Interior Ministry while filming the storming by
opposition supporters of the Ostankino TV Center.
1993 Oct 4, In Somalia US
troops blasted their way out of Bakara Market in Mogadishu and left
an estimated 500 Somalis dead. Dozens of cheering, dancing Somalis
dragged the body of an American soldier through the streets of
(SFC, 5/6/99, p.E4)(AP, 10/4/98)
1993 Oct 4, The Russian White
House was shelled. In Moscow, the occupation of the Russian
parliament building ended as tanks and paratroopers flushed out
hard-line opponents of Boris Yeltsin. Rebel parliamentarians led by
Vice President Alexander Rutskoi and Chairman Ruslan Khasbulatov
surrendered after a total of 10 hours. As many as 150 people were
(HFA, '96, p.40)(AP,
1993 Oct 5, US Army Gen. John
Shalikashvili was confirmed by the Senate to head the Joint Chiefs
1993 Oct 5, China set off an
underground nuclear blast, ignoring a plea from President Clinton
not to do so.
1993 Oct 6, Basketball
superstar Michael Jordan announced his retirement. Jordan attempted
a minor-league baseball career, but returned to the Chicago Bulls in
1993 Oct 6, Agnes de Mille
(b.1905), US dancer and choreographer (Oklahoma!), died at 88.
"Living is a form of not being sure, not knowing what next or how.
The moment you know how, you begin to die a little. The artist never
entirely knows. We guess. We may be wrong, but we take leap after
leap in the dark."
1993 Oct 6, Israeli Prime
Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chief Yasser Arafat held their first
official meeting in Cairo, Egypt, to begin work on realizing terms
of the Israeli-PLO accord.
1993 Oct 7, President Clinton
ordered more troops, heavy armor and naval firepower to Somalia, but
also announced he would pull out all Americans by the end of March
1993 Oct 7, Death claimed actor
Cyril Cusack at age 82.
1993 Oct 7, In Pakistan Benazir
Bhutto returned to power after general elections. Nov, Benazir
Bhutto was re-elected to office. Murtazza Bhutto, brother of Benazir
Bhutto, returned after 16 years in Syria to challenge his sister for
the leadership of the ruling party.
(SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)(WSJ, 11/5/96, p.A18)
1993 Oct 8, The US government
issued a report absolving the FBI of wrongdoing in its 51-day siege
and final assault in Texas on the Branch Davidian compound, which
went up in flames, killing as many as 85 people. It concluded the
department and Attorney General Reno made no mistakes and that the
cult bore the blame for the fire that destroyed the compound,
killing at least 80 people.
1993 Oct 8, The UN lifted
remaining economic sanctions against South Africa.
1993 Oct 9, Special U.S. envoy
Robert Oakley traveled to Somalia in an attempt to revive a
tentative peace agreement reached by Somali clan leaders.
1993 Oct 10, In Greece, the
Panhellenic Socialist Movement, led by Andreas Papandreou, won a
solid majority of seats in parliamentary elections. A handful of
dissidents brought down a modernizing ND government in a row over
(SFC, 6/23/96, p.B6)(AP, 10/10/98)(Econ, 9/22/07,
1993 Oct 10, Thousands of
Somalis demonstrated in the capital of Mogadishu to support warlord
Mohamed Farrah Aidid, an event that coincided with the arrival of
special U.S. envoy Robert Oakley.
1993 Oct 10, In South Korea the
Seohae ferry sank killing 292 people.
1993 Oct 11, In Haiti,
army-backed toughs prevented American troops from landing as part of
a U.N. peace mission and drove away U.S. diplomats waiting to greet
1993 Oct 11, In Norway William
Nygaard was seriously wounded when he was shot three times in the
back near his home in Oslo. Police believed this was linked to the
1989 publication of the Norwegian version of Salman Rushdie's "The
Satanic Verses" by a publishing house that Nygaard ran. In 2018
police formally accused several foreign nationals over the attack,
thus preventing the statute of limitations from closing the case.
1993 Oct 11, Yasser Arafat won
endorsement for his peace accord with Israel from the Palestine
1993 Oct 12, The Toronto Blue
Jays won their second straight American League pennant, defeating
the Chicago White Sox in six games.
1993 Oct 12, Hundreds of
militant right-wingers in Haiti cheered as an American warship
retreated in a major setback for a U.N. mission to restore
1993 Oct 13, The Philadelphia
Phillies won the National League pennant, defeating the Atlanta
Braves in game six.
1993 Oct 13, The U.N. Security
Council voted to reimpose sanctions on Haiti unless military leaders
there stopped violating a U.N.-brokered accord.
1993 Oct 14, U.S. helicopter
pilot Michael Durant and a Nigerian peacekeeper were freed by Somali
fighters loyal to Mohamed Farrah Aidid.
1993 Oct 14, In Haiti, gunmen
assassinated Justice Minister Guy Malary, a supporter of ousted
President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
(SFEC, 10/13/96, p.A15)(AP, 10/14/98)
1993 Oct 15, President Clinton
sent six warships to the waters off Haiti to enforce trade sanctions
in the face of defiant Haitian military rulers.
1993 Oct 15, Nelson Mandela and
F.W. de Klerk were named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize for their
efforts to end apartheid.
1993 Oct 16, The Toronto Blue
Jays defeated the Philadelphia Phillies, 8-5, in game one of the
1993 Oct 16, The U.N. Security
Council endorsed the deployment of U.S. warships to block arms and
oil shipments to Haiti in an attempt to increase pressure on Haiti's
1993 Oct 17, The Philadelphia
Phillies defeated the Toronto Blue Jays, 6-4, evening the World
Series at one game each.
1993 Oct 17, Senate Minority
Leader Bob Dole, in a CBS interview, said he would offer legislation
restricting President Clinton's authority to send troops to Haiti.
1993 Oct 18, In California 2
defendants were acquitted of most of the felony charges in the
beating of trucker Reginald Denny and other motorists at the start
of the 1992 Los Angeles riots; the jury did convict Damian Williams
of simple mayhem, Henry Watson of simple assault.
1993 Oct 19, The Toronto Blue
Jays took a 2-1 lead in the World Series by defeating the
Philadelphia Phillies 10-3.
1993 Oct 19, The United States
intercepted its first ship bound for Haiti since an oil and weapons
embargo was reimposed by United Nations.
1993 Oct 19, Benazir Bhutto was
returned to the premiership of Pakistan.
1993 Oct 20, Toronto took a 3-1
lead in the World Series as the Blue Jays defeated the Philadelphia
1993 Oct 20, The Senate adopted
a non-binding resolution saying Congress should give its approval
before any U.S. troops were sent to enforce a Bosnian peace accord.
1993 Oct 20, US Attorney
General Janet Reno warned the TV industry to limit violence in
1993 Oct 20, James Leo Herlihy
(b.1927), gay author (Midnight Cowboy), committed suicide in Los
1993 Oct 21, Gary Kasparov
defeated Nigel Short for chess championship.
1993 Oct 21, The Philadelphia
Phillies beat the Toronto Blue Jays 2-0 in game five of the World
Series; Toronto still led the Series 3-2.
1993 Oct 21, The Senate
rejected curbs on President Clinton's right as commander in chief to
send troops to Haiti.
1993 Oct 21, NATO ministers
endorsed a U.S. plan to form limited partnerships with Russia and
other former East bloc foes, but stopped short of offering full
1993 Oct 21, Burundi’s first
Hutu president, Melchior Ndadaye, was assassinated by Tutsi
soldiers. 5 soldiers were sentenced to death for the murder in 1999.
The military coup caused 525,000 Hutu's to flee. Civil war followed
and over the next dozen years some 300,000 people, mostly civilians,
(SFC, 8/22/96, p.E5)(WSJ, 11/15/96,
p.A16)(SFEC, 1/12/97, p.A12)(SFC, 5/15/99,
1993 Oct 22, It was announced
President Clinton would fly to Moscow the following January for a
summit with Russian President Boris Yeltsin.
1993 Oct 22, A judge in West
Palm Beach, Fla., sentenced two white men to life in prison for
setting a black tourist on fire.
1993 Oct 23, The Toronto Blue
Jays repeated as baseball champions as they defeated the
Philadelphia Phillies, 8-6, in game six of the World Series.
1993 Oct 23, An IRA bomb
exploded in Belfast, Northern Ireland, killing 10 people, including
an IRA operative at a fish & chips shop on Shankill Road.
1993 Oct 24, Two George
Washington University researchers who had cloned non-viable human
embryos told a news conference that science was still far from
duplicating human beings. But they urged ethicists to prepare for
1993 Oct 25, Actor Vincent
Price died in Los Angeles at age 82.
1993 Oct 25, Canada's Liberal
Party ended nine years of rule by the Progressive Conservatives in
national elections; Liberal leader Jean Chretien became the 20th
Prime Minister, succeeding Kim Campbell.
(CFA, '96, p.81)(AP, 10/25/98)
1993 Oct 25, Francisco Velis,
El Salvador guerilla leader (FMLN), was murdered.
1993 Oct 26, National Football
League owners selected Carolina as the 29th NFL franchise.
1993 Oct 26, Deborah Gore Dean,
a central figure in the Reagan-era HUD scandal, was convicted of 12
felony counts of defrauding the government, taking a payoff and
lying to Congress. Dean was later sentenced to three concurrent
21-month prison sentences; however, five of her convictions were
later overturned, and Dean has requested a new trial.
1993 Oct 26, Harold Rome
(b.1908), Broadway composer, lyricist, died. His musicals included
Fanny (1954), Destry Rides Again (1959), and I Can Get It For You
1993 Oct 26, In Egypt gunfire
at a hotel killed 2 Americans, 1 Frenchman and injured 3 others in
(SFC, 11/19/97, p.C2)
1993 Oct 27, President Clinton
presented a revised version of his health care reform plan to
Congress, urging its passage within a year.
1993 Oct 27, Brush fires raged
across Southern California, destroying several hundred homes.
1993 Oct 28, Doris Duke
(b.1912), the only child of American Tobacco founder James Buchanon,
died. She left a fortune to her butler, Bernard Lafferty (d.1996).
She left $1.2 billion to her Doris Duke Charitable Foundation which
took over management of her Shangri La home in Hawaii. In 2002 it
opened as a museum to promote Middle Eastern art and culture. The
foundation also bestowed her trove of Southeast Asian artifacts to
the Asian Art museum in San Francisco.
p.G5)(SFC, 10/24/09, p.E1)
1993 Oct 28, A US CIA report
mentioned FRAPH and Emmanuel Constant in connection with the killing
of Justice Minister Guy Mallory. The report says the Haitian junta’s
chief of staff, Gen. Philippe Biamby and his associates coordinated
(SFEC, 10/13/96, p.A15)
1993 Oct 28, Ousted Haitian
President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, speaking at the United Nations,
called for a trade blockade to Haiti to force out its military
1993 Oct 29, President Clinton,
speaking at the Kennedy presidential library in Boston, promoted the
North American Free Trade Agreement, saying President Kennedy would
have supported it.
1993 Oct 29, A group of U.S.
luge athletes was attacked by right-wing skinheads in Oberhof,
1993 Oct 30, Martin Fettman,
America's first veterinarian in space, chopped the heads off six
rats and performed the world's first animal dissections in space,
aboard the shuttle Columbia.
1993 Oct 30, Hernan Heleno
Castro, El Salvadorian guerilla leader, was murdered.
1993 Oct 31, In Oregon 7 men
robbed the Oki Semiconductor facility in Portland of microchips
valued at several million dollars. There were convicted in 2001 and
4 of the men were sentenced to prison terms in 2002.
(SFC, 6/29/02, p.A16)
1993 Oct 31, Federico Fellini,
Italian film director, died in Rome at age 73. He made some 24 films
including "La Strada," "La Dolce Vita," "8 1/2," and "Amarcord"
through the 50’s and 60’s.
(WSJ, 4/19/95, p.A-14) (AP, 10/31/98)
1993 Oct 31, Actor River
Phoenix died in Los Angeles at age 23.
1993 Oct, ValuJet Airlines, an
aggressive low-fare airline, began operations in a handful of US
(SFC, 5/12/96, p.A-14)
1993 Oct, John Sculley left
Apple Corp. A.C. Markkula became chairman.
(SFC, 1/24/04, p.A12)
1993 Oct, Heather Catherine
Tallchief (21) drove away from the Circus Circus hotel casino in Las
Vegas in an armored car with $2.5 million. In 2005 she surrendered
and said she had been influenced by her boyfriend Roberto Solis, who
remained a fugitive. The 2 had fled to Amsterdam after the heist.
(SFC, 9/16/05, p.A3)
1993 Oct, Geidar Aliyev was
elected president of Azerbaijan with 98.9% of the official vote. The
main opposition Popular Front party boycotted the vote.
(SFC, 12/13/03, p.A20)
1993 Oct, In Canada Robert
Latimer (44), a farmer, killed his disabled 12-year-old daughter,
who suffered from cerebral palsy, using exhaust fumes from his
pickup truck. He was convicted in 1997 but sentenced to one year in
jail and one year probation. In 2001 the Supreme Court upheld his
(SFC, 12/2/97, p.A12)(SFC, 1/19/01, p.A17)
1993 Oct, In the Central
African Republic the first democratic elections (organized with
French help) voted Andre Kolingba out of office and elected
Ange-Felix Patasse for the presidency. Patasse was a member of the
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)(SFC, 12/9/96, p.A22)(WSJ,
1993 Oct, In Greece Andreas
Papandreou again led his party to victory and headed the government.
(SFC, 6/23/96, p.B6)
1993 Oct, Coca-Cola returned to
India after a 16-year absence by acquiring soft-drink brands from
India’s Parle Group that included Thums Up.
(WSJ, 5/22/96, p.A-16)(WSJ, 4/29/98, p.B1)
1993 Oct, In South Africa Pres.
De Klerk authorized an attack in the Transkei Homeland on a house
where arms were allegedly stored. Five youths were killed while
asleep by a death squad. He claimed the attack was a military
operation but in 1996 Eugene de Kock testified that de Klerk knew
that a covert operation would carry out the attack.
(SFC, 9/19/96, p.A8)
1993 Nov 1, In an address to
pediatricians, first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton accused insurance
companies of waging a deceitful campaign against the
administration's health plan.
1993 Nov 1, The space shuttle
Columbia landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California, ending a
1993 Nov 2, The US Senate
called for full disclosure of Sen. Bob Packwood's diaries as part of
a probe into allegations of sexual harassment and possible criminal
wrongdoing by the Oregon Republican.
1993 Nov 2, Rudolph Giuliani
(R) was elected the 107th mayor of NYC. Giuliani defeated New York’s
first black mayor, David Dinkins. He became the first Republican
mayor in 2 decades and the city’s 107th.
(SFC, 8/15/97, p.A3)(SFC, 1/2/98, p.A3)(MC,
1993 Nov 2, Christie Todd
Whitman (R) was elected 1st woman governor of NJ.
1993 Nov 2, Fires in Southern
California pushed through areas of Los Angeles, Riverside and San
Bernardino counties, burning 35,000 acres and 200 homes.
1993 Nov 2, Leon Theremin (97),
Russian physicist and inventor of the eerie-sounding theremin
(ON, 11/01, p.8)
1993 Nov 3, President Clinton
joined his wife, Hillary, in attacking the health insurance
industry. The lobby, accused by the first lady of lying, unveiled a
new TV ad repeating there must be a "better way" than the Clinton
health care reform plan.
1993 Nov 4, The White House
challenged Ross Perot to a debate on the North American Free Trade
Agreement with Vice President Al Gore; Perot, calling it "a
desperate move," quickly accepted.
1993 Nov 5, Talks on restoring
ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to power collapsed
when military representatives failed to attend.
1993 Nov 6, Heavyweight boxer
Evander Holyfield defeated Riddick Bowe in a 12-round fight in Las
Vegas; the match was interrupted in the seventh round when an
intruder, using a paraglider, tried to fly into the ring.
1993 Nov 7, President Clinton,
appearing on NBC's "Meet the Press," assailed labor leaders who
opposed the North American Free Trade Agreement, accusing them of
using "naked pressure" to try to kill the pact.
1993 Nov 8, Russian President
Boris Yeltsin approved a draft constitution that would strengthen
executive power; it was ratified in a referendum the following
1993 Nov 9, Vice President Al
Gore and Ross Perot debated the North American Free Trade Agreement
on CNN's Larry King Live.
1993 Nov 9, Edward J. Rollins,
who had managed New Jersey Governor-elect Christine Todd Whitman's
campaign, set off a furor by asserting New Jersey Republicans had
paid money to curb black voter turnout, a claim denied by Whitman
and later retracted by Rollins.
1993 Nov 9, In Bosnia after two
days of concentrated cannon fire at point-blank range, the bridge at
Mostar finally collapsed into the river. Bosnian Serb armed militia
(BSA) fired on a school in Sarajevo and 9 children died.
1993 Nov 10, "Joseph & the
Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat" opened at Minskoff Theater NYC for
1993 Nov 10, The U.S. House of
Representatives passed the so-called "Brady Bill," which called for
a five-day waiting period for handgun purchases.
1993 Nov 10, A jury in
Manassas, Va., acquitted John Wayne Bobbitt of marital sexual
assault against his wife, Lorena, who'd sexually mutilated him. Mrs.
Bobbitt was later acquitted of malicious wounding.
1993 Nov 11, A bronze statue
honoring the more than 11,000 American women who had served in the
Vietnam War was dedicated in Washington, D.C.
1993 Nov 11, Harry R. "Bob"
Haldeman (67), White House chief of staff (Nixon), died. [see Nov
1993 Nov 11, In Sri Lanka Tamil
Tiger forces overran Pooneryn army camp. Some 600 servicemen were
killed or captured. The army put the rebel death toll at 500.
(SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)
1993 Nov 12, Singer Michael
Jackson canceled a world tour, citing a dependence on painkillers.
1993 Nov 12, Cardinal Joseph
Bernardin of Chicago was accused by a former pre-seminary student of
sexual abuse supposedly committed more than a decade earlier. (The
accuser, Steven J. Cook, later withdrew his charge).
1993 Nov 12, Former Nixon White
House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman died in Santa Barbara, Calif., at
age 67. [see Nov 11]
(SFC, 11/22/96, p.A4) (AP, 11/12/98)
1993 Nov 13, President Clinton
used his weekly radio address to make yet another pitch for the
North American Free Trade Agreement, then flew to Memphis, Tenn.,
where he delivered an anti-crime speech to black ministers at the
Temple Church of God in Christ.
1993 Nov 13, In Peru military
officers attempted another coup against Pres. Fujimori.
1993 Nov 14, Don Shula became
the winningest coach in NFL history.
1993 Nov 14, Residents of
Puerto Rico voted in a plebiscite to maintain the island's existing
U.S. commonwealth status, derailing the efforts of those favoring
1993 Nov 15, The US State
Department announced that Secretary Warren M. Christopher would
travel to the Mideast to try to mediate differences between Israel
and the PLO.
1993 Nov 15, Dr. Tom Amberry
(71), a retired podiatrist, completed 2,750 consecutive free throws
inside the Rosmoor Athletic Club in Seal Beach, Ca., setting a new
world record. Amberry (d.2017) stopped after twelve hours because
the janitors wanted to close the gym.
(SSFC, 3/26/17, p.C11)
1993 Nov 15, A judge in
Mineola, N.Y., sentenced Joey Buttafuoco to six months in jail for
the statutory rape of Amy Fisher, who is serving a prison sentence
for shooting and wounding Buttafuoco's wife, Mary Jo.
1993 Nov 16, The US Senate
voted, 69-30, to approve a measure designed to protect people who
provide or seek abortions from physical attacks or intimidation by
1993 Nov 16, The US Congress
enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA). It instructed
government officials to bend the rules for persons whose actions are
based on their religion. In 1997 the Supreme Court said the federal
one applied only to the federal government.
1993 Nov 16, Russian President
Yeltsin shut the Lenin museum.
1993 Nov 16, Lucia Popp (54),
Slovakia-born soprano (Vienna Opera), died in Munich.
1993 Nov 17, By a surprisingly
wide margin, 234-200, the House of Representatives voted to approve
legislation implementing the North American Free Trade Agreement in
what was seen as a major political victory for President Clinton.
1993 Nov 18, The U.S. House of
Representatives joined the Senate in approving legislation aimed at
protecting abortion facilities, staff and patients.
1993 Nov 18, NAFTA passed in
the US House of Rep.
1993 Nov 18, American Airlines
flight attendants went on strike. They ended their job action four
1993 Nov 18, Representatives of
21 South African political parties approved a new constitution.
1993 Nov 19, President Clinton
met in Seattle with Chinese President Jiang Zemin.
1993 Nov 19, The U.S. Senate
approved a sweeping $22.3 billion anti-crime measure.
1993 Nov 19, Kenneth Burke
(b.1897), American writer and critic, died. In 2005 David R.
Godine/Black Sparrow published “Here & Elsewhere: The Collected
Fiction of Kenneth Burke."
1993 Nov 20, The U.S. Senate
ended a filibuster against the Brady Bill, which imposed a five-day
waiting period for handgun purchases, and passed it by a 63-36 vote;
the Senate also approved legislation implementing the North American
Free Trade Agreement, 61-38.
1993 Nov 21, The U.S. House of
Representatives voted against making the District of Columbia the
51st state, 277-153.
1993 Nov 21, Actor Bill Bixby
died in Century City, Calif., at age 59.
1993 Nov 21, The Neo-fascist
MSI won 36% of municipal elections in Rome.
1993 Nov 21, Three former
Panamanian soldiers were found guilty of involvement in the
previously unsolved 1971 murder of Hector Gallego, a Colombian Roman
1993 Nov 22, Striking flight
attendants at American Airlines called off their four-day job action
after President Clinton helped broker an agreement to submit the
dispute to binding arbitration.
1993 Nov 22, Mexico's Senate
overwhelmingly approved the North American Free Trade Agreement.
1993 Nov 23, President Clinton
signed legislation lifting remaining US sanctions against South
Africa, and announced an initiative to spur investment in South
Africa's black private sector.
1993 Nov 23, Pres. Clinton
signed the “Apology Resolution" to acknowledge the 100th anniversary
of the January 17, 1893, overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii, and to
offer an apology to Native Hawaiians on behalf of the US for the
overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii.
1993 Nov 23, Record cold was
blamed for at least 34 deaths in parts of Europe and prompted the
French army to send out troops to feed the homeless in Paris.
1993 Nov 24, President Clinton
met at the White House with Salman Rushdie, the British author
condemned to death by Iran for writing "The Satanic Verses."
1993 Nov 24, The US Congress
gave its final approval to the Brady handgun control bill. It
established a 5-day waiting period for handgun sales.
1993 Nov 24 Two 11-year-old
boys, Robert Thompson and Jon Venables, were convicted of the
February murder of 2-year-old James Bulger of Liverpool, England.
Shortly after the trial, Lord Taylor of Gosforth, the Lord Chief
Justice, ordered that the two boys should serve a minimum of ten
years behind bars. Thompson and Venables were released on a “life
license" in June 2001, after serving eight years of their life
sentence. An injunction remained in force following their release,
so that details of their new identities and locations could not be
1993 Nov 25, Violence broke out
in the Gaza Strip, a day after Israeli undercover soldiers killed
Imad Akel, the head of the military wing of Hamas.
1993 Nov 25, Egyptian Prime
Minister Atef Sedki escaped an attempt on his life when Islamic
militants detonated a car bomb near his motorcade. The attack killed
a 5-year-old girl. Yasser al-Siri, a member of the "media committee"
of the Islamic Jihad, was tried and convicted in absentia for the
assassination attempt. Siri fled to the UK and obtained political
(HN, 11/25/98)(WSJ, 10/26/01, p.A19)
1993 Nov 25, Anthony Burgess
(b.1917) died in London at age 76. He was a British author of 34
books of fiction and 15 of non-fiction as well as plays, librettos
and a considerable body of serious. His last book, a novel called "A
Dead Man in Deptford," is actually an idiosyncratic biography of
Christopher Marlowe. Burgess is best known today for his novel
"Clockwork Orange." His final book, "Byrne," was a novel in verse of
8-line stanzas (ottova rima) published in 1997. In 2002 Roger Lewis
authored the biography "Anthony Burgess."
(WSJ, 4/28/95, p.A-8)(SFEC, 9/14/97, BR p.3)(HN,
11/25/98)(FT, 12/14/02, p.IV)
1993 Nov 26, The first session
of the US 103rd Congress concluded as lawmakers adjourned for the
1993 Nov 26, A U.S. diplomat
was kidnapped by Yemeni tribesmen. Government officials negotiate
for his release in the first known kidnapping of a diplomat in
1993 Nov 27, In his weekly
radio address, President Clinton said enacting comprehensive
anti-crime legislation was the first priority for 1994, saying, "We
have to be concerned that in both our cities and our rural areas,
the value of life has been cheapened."
1993 Nov 28, Garry Moore (b.Jan
31, 1915) game show and variety show host, died at 78 on South
Carolina's Hilton Head island. He was born in Baltimore as Thomas
Garrison Morfit. His TV shows included the Garry Moore Show, I've
Got a Secret, To Tell the Truth.
1993 Nov 28, The British
government confirmed reports of contacts with the Irish Republican
Army that were aimed at ending the violence in British-ruled
1993 Nov 28, Carlos Roberto
Reina (1926-2003) was elected president of Honduras with promises to
crack down on corruption and reduce the role of the military.
1993 Nov 29, Kathleen Willey
sought assistance from Pres. Clinton, who allegedly made a sexual
advance upon her. She was requesting a job due to her husband’s
financial difficulties. It was later learned that her husband
committed suicide that same day. Willey later testified that she
went to the home of Julie Hiatt Steele after and described to her
(SFC, 3/16/98, p.A1)(SFC, 5/5/99, p.A4)
1993 Nov 29, The British
government won praise and encouragement in the House of Commons as
it defended its secret contacts with the Irish Republican Army.
1993 Nov 30, President Clinton
signed into law the Brady bill, which required a five-day waiting
period for handgun purchases and background checks of prospective
1993 Nov 30, Authorities in
California arrested Richard Allen Davis (b.1954), who confessed to
abducting and slaying Polly Klaas (12) of Petaluma. Polly had been
abducted from her home on October 1, 1993. On August 5, 1996, Davis
was sentenced to death and sent to Death Row in San Quentin State
1993 Nov, The FBI conducted a
background check on Anthony Marceca in Texas for his White House
job. Marceca was described as "nothing but a blowhard" and "an
extremely negative person... very disrespectful and negative about
everyone and everything."
(WP, 6/29/96, p.A14)
1993 Nov, In Algeria an
ultimatum issued by the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) urged foreigners
to leave or be killed. GIA terrorists assassinated Sheikh Mohamed
Bouslimani, who was closely associated with Hamas, a more moderate
Islamist group, when he agreed to participate in a dialogue with the
1993 Nov, Wang Zhihua boarded a
scheduled flight from Hangzhou to Fuzhou, the capital of Fujian
province opposite Taiwan. He showed fake explosives to the crew,
saying he had a bomb, and forced the plane to fly to Taiwan. In 2008
Wang was returned to China and sentenced to 12 years in prison.
1993 Nov, In Germany
unemployment hit a country record of 3.5 million.
1993 Nov, In India Kiran Bedi,
an inspector general of prisons, introduced the Vipassana meditation
technique at Tihar Prison. A film was later made called "Doing Time,
Doing Vipassana" that demonstrated the technique
(SFC, 2/19/99, p.E12)
1993 Nov, Jordan held new
elections in which each voter has one vote. King Hussein let Islamic
parties run for Parliament but rewrote voting rules to limit the
number of seats that they could win. This angered the Muslim
Brothers who said that the system favors local politicians with
tribal ties rather than ideologically based lists. They win only a
handful of seats and boycott the next elections.
(WSJ, 7/3/96, p.A1)(AP, 1/23/13)
1993 Nov, In Russia a replica
of the Cathedral of the Ikon of Our lady of Kazan on Red Square was
dedicated by Pres. Yeltsin and Orthodox Patriarch Alexei II.
(AM, Jul/Aug ‘97 p.27)
1993 Dec 1, US Navy Ensign
George Smith shot and killed his ex-fiancée and a friend and then
himself. In Oct. he had passed a Navy screening test to gauge his
psychological fitness for nuclear submarine duty.
(SFC, 5/27/96, p.A2)
1993 Dec 1, Eighteen people
were killed when a Northwest Airlink commuter plane crashed in
1993 Dec 2, Alan Winterbournem,
an unemployed computer engineer, opened fire at a California
unemployment agency in Oxnard, killing three workers; he killed a
police officer during a chase that ended in Ventura, where he
himself was gunned down.
1993 Dec 2, The space shuttle
Endeavour blasted off on a mission to fix the Hubble Space
1993 Dec 2, Colombian drug lord
Pablo Escobar (b.1949), number 1 man in drug trafficking, was shot
to death by police Col. Hugo Aguilar in Medellin. Escobar's wife and
children vanished from Colombia in 1995 and were arrested in
Argentina in 1999 for money laundering. In 2001 Mark Bowden authored
“Killing Pablo" a chronicle of the hunt for Escobar. In 2003 Aguilar
ran for governor of Santander province.
(SFC, 7/6/96, p.A10)(AP, 12/2/98)(SFC, 11/17/99,
p.A18)(SSFC, 1/6/02, p.M3)(SSFC, 10/5/03, p.C1)
1993 Dec 3, Viktor Gunnarsson,
a suspect in the 1986 assassination of Swedish PM Olof Palme,
disappeared in North Carolina. His body was found five weeks later.
In 1997 Salisbury police officer Lamont Claxton "L.C." Underwood
(d.2018) was convicted for the murder. Gunnarsson had started a
relationship with Underwood's ex-girlfriend Kay Weden after moving
to the US. Weden's mother, Catherine Miller (77), was found shot to
death on Dec. 9.
1993 Dec 3, Britain's Princess
Diana, saying she was fed up with media's intrusions, announced she
would be limiting her public appearances.
1993 Dec 3, Georgia became a
member of Russia's Commonwealth of Independent States; Russia, in
return, backed Shevardnadze against Abkhaz rebels.
1993 Dec 4, Astronauts aboard
space shuttle Endeavour captured the near-sighted Hubble Space
Telescope for repairs.
1993 Dec 4, Authorities found
the body of 12-year-old kidnap victim Polly Klaas in a wooded area
of Cloverdale, Calif.
1993 Dec 4, Frank Zappa (52),
rock musician and composer, died in Los Angeles. In 2004 Barry Miles
authored “Frank Zappa: A Biography."
(AP, 12/4/98)(SFC, 12/25/04, p.E2)
1993 Dec 5, Astronauts began
the repair of Hubble telescope in space.
1993 Dec 5, In Connecticut
Theodore Edwards (77), a restaurant custodian, was fatally shot in
Bridgeport. In 2020 Danarius Dukes (44) and Eric Brown (46) were
taken into custody and charged with felony murder.
1993 Dec 5, A Palestinian
boarded a bus and opened fire with an assault rifle in the first
major attack in Israel since the signing of a peace pact with the
PLO; the gunman killed a reservist before being gunned down.
1993 Dec 6, A judge in New
Bedford, Mass., sentenced former priest James R. Porter, who'd
admitted molesting 28 children in the 1960s, to 18 to 20 years in
prison for sexual assault.
1993 Dec 6, Don Ameche (85),
actor (Cocoon), died in Scottsdale, Ariz., of prostate cancer.
1993 Dec 6, In South Africa
crimes committed up to this date became eligible for amnesty as set
up by special constitutional legislation that set up the Truth and
Reconciliation Commission. A 1996 extension was requested to move
the deadline to May 10, 1994.
(SFC, 10/19/96, A10)
1993 Dec 7, US Energy Secretary
Hazel O'Leary revealed that the government had conducted more than
200 nuclear weapons tests in secret.
1993 Dec 7, Surgeon General
Joycelyn Elders suggested that the government study the impact of
1993 Dec 7, Colin Ferguson, a
Jamaican immigrant, opened fire on a Long Island Rail Road commuter
train, killing six people and wounding 19 in Garden City, Long
Island. His lawyers pursued an unsuccessful "black-rage" defense,
saying a lifetime of racial prejudice had driven Ferguson insane.
1993 Dec 7, In the Ivory Coast
Felix Houphouet-Boigny (b.1905), Ivory Coast founder and ruler since
1960, died. Pres. Henri Konan Bedie took power.
1993 Dec 8, President Clinton
signed into U.S. law the North American Free Trade Agreement
(NAFTA), which went into effect at the start of 1994.
1993 Dec 8, A French-flag
container ship, the Sherbro, bound for Nigeria from Rotterdam, lost
containers of the chemical Apron-Plus (by Ciba-Geigy). This chemical
was packed in sachets and purchased by the Nigerian state of Osun
with funds from the World Bank development fund. The chemical was
intended to be used to fight the ‘downy-mildew’ fungus that was
seriously afflicting the maize crop. Four days later the packets
began to wash up on the beaches of France in Normandy.
(WSJ 6/21/95, p.A-22)
1993 Dec 8, Carlotta Monti
(86), lover of WC Fields, died.
1993 Dec 9, The US Air Force
destroyed the first of 500 Minuteman II missile silos marked for
elimination under an arms control treaty.
1993 Dec 9, Astronauts aboard
the space shuttle Endeavour completed repairs to the Hubble Space
1993 Dec 10, The crew of the
space shuttle Endeavour deployed the repaired Hubble Space Telescope
into Earth orbit.
1993 Dec 10, Mansour Rashid
El-Kikhia, former Libyan ambassador to the UN, was kidnapped in
Cairo. The US CIA later reported that he was taken to Libya and
executed in early 1994.
(SSFC, 5/21/06, p.E5)(http://tinyurl.com/lnqr5)
1993 Dec 10, South African
President F.W. de Klerk and African National Congress leader Nelson
Mandela accepted their Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway.
1993 Dec 11, President Clinton,
in his weekly radio address, said the nation must fight "violence
with values" and praised radio stations that refused to play songs
advocating violent crime or showing contempt for women.
1993 Dec 11, Eduardo Frei
(b.1942) was elected president of Chile.
1993 Dec 12, Russia adopted a
new democratic constitution and began the war with Chechnya.
(SFC, 12/27/96, p.B2)
1993 Dec 13, The U.S. Supreme
Court ruled, 5-4, that people were entitled to a hearing before real
property linked to illegal drug sales could be seized.
1993 Dec 13, The space shuttle
Endeavour returned from its mission to repair the Hubble Space
1993 Dec 13, Myrna Loy (88),
actress (Thin Man, Vanity Fair), died. [see Dec 14]
1993 Dec 14, A Colorado judge
struck down the state's voter-approved Amendment Two prohibiting gay
rights laws, calling it unconstitutional.
1993 Dec 14, The United Mine
Workers approved a five-year contract, ending a strike that had
reached seven US states and involved some of the nation's biggest
1993 Dec 14, The United States
and European Community set aside a bitter fight over films,
unlocking the door to the world's biggest-ever trade reform package.
1993 Dec 14, Actress Myrna Loy
(88) died in NYC.
1993 Dec 14, In Algeria a large
group of armed terrorists attacked a work camp of a hydro-electric
project in Tamezguida. Fourteen Croatian citizens were taken out of
the camp. Twelve were murdered by having their throats slit, but two
others escaped with injuries.
1993 Dec 15, US Defense
Secretary Les Aspin announced his resignation, citing "personal
1993 Dec 15, Britain and
Ireland issued a "framework for peace."
(SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)
1993 Dec 15, In Geneva, 117
countries completed the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on
Tariffs and Trade, agreeing on a reform package intended to
jump-start the global economy.
1993 Dec 16, President Clinton
announced the nomination of Bobby Ray Inman to succeed Les Aspin as
defense secretary. Inman, however, later withdrew.
1993 Dec 16, Sen. Bob Packwood
(R-Ore.), accused by more than two dozen women of sexual harassment,
turned over his tape-recorded personal diaries to a federal judge.
1993 Dec 17, Fox Television
outbid CBS for the National Football Conference TV package.
1993 Dec 17, So-called "suicide
doctor" Jack Kevorkian was released from jail in Oakland County,
Mich., after promising not to help anyone end their lives for the
1993 Dec 18, The United States
and Germany pledged close cooperation to help Boris Yeltsin through
Russia's political and economic crises in a meeting in Oggersheim
between Vice President Al Gore and Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
1993 Dec 19, Israeli Foreign
Minister Shimon Peres and senior PLO officials ended two days of
closed-door talks in Oslo, Norway, in which they sought to break a
deadlock over Palestinian self-rule in the occupied territories.
1993 Dec 20, Real estate
developer Donald Trump married Marla Maples in a brief ceremony in
the grand ballroom of Trump's Plaza Hotel in New York. The couple
separated in 1997.
1993 Dec 20, Alina Fernandez
Revuelta, a daughter of Cuban President Fidel Castro, flew to Spain,
where she was granted political asylum by the U.S. Embassy.
1993 Dec 21, First lady Hillary
Rodham Clinton, in an interview with The Associated Press, said her
husband, President Clinton, had solicited her advice on major
issues; but, she added, her powers were limited.
1993 Dec 22, Singer Michael
Jackson, fighting back against child molestation allegations, issued
a video statement in which he said he was "totally innocent of any
1993 Dec 23, President Clinton,
under intense political pressure, instructed his attorney to give
the Justice Department all records of his investment in an Arkansas
real estate partnership linked to a failed savings and loan company.
1993 Dec 24, In Nebraska
Brandon Teena (21), a female (born as Teena Brandon) passing as a
male, was raped and beaten by John Lotter and Tom Nissen. A week
later they shot and killed Teena for pressing charges. In 1996 the
book "All She Wanted" was based on Brandon. The 1997 novel ""The
Illusionist" was also based on Brandon. A 1999 documentary film,
"The Brandon Teena Story," was made by Susan Muska and Greta
Olafsdottir. Kimberly Pierce made her 1999 film "Boys Don't Cry"
based on Brandon Teena. In 2001 the state supreme Court ruled that
the sheriff was negligent in protecting Brandon and awarded her
family $80,000 plus damages for emotional suffering.
(SFC, 2/19/99, p.D3)(SFC, 10/20/99, p.D1)(SFC,
1993 Dec 24, The Rev. Norman
Vincent Peale, who had blended Christian and psychiatric principles
into a message of "positive thinking," died in Pawling, N.Y., at age
1993 Dec 25, The Cirque du
Soleil production opened its doors at Steve Wynn’s Treasure Island
Casino/Hotel in Las Vegas.
(Hem., 2/96, p.96)
1993 Dec 25, Fernando Mateo’s
son suggested over dinner that people ought to trade their guns for
toys. This led him to start the Goods for Guns program in New York
that soon spread internationally.
(SFEC, 10/6/96, A9)
1993 Dec 25, Full-fledged
Christmas celebrations returned to Bethlehem for the first time
since the Palestinian uprising began six years earlier.
1993 Dec 25, In London, an
unidentified 59-year-old woman who'd been implanted with donated
eggs gave birth to twins in a case that sparked controversy.
1993 Dec 26, In Russia a 4-day
drama ended as four masked kidnappers, who had abducted 11
teen-agers, landed their explosives-packed helicopter, freed their
last hostages and fled with $10 million in ransom. The four men were
captured the next morning.
1993 Dec 27, U.S. officials
said that Strobe Talbott, who had served as the Clinton
administration's chief Russia policy architect, would take over the
number-two spot at the State Department.
1993 Dec 27, In Egypt, a gun
and bomb attack on a tourist bus in old Cairo wounded 8 Austrians
and 8 Egyptians. The militant group Gama’a al-Islamiya claimed
(WSJ, 10/11/04, p.A17)
1993 Dec 28, US Energy
Secretary Hazel O'Leary told CNN that people wrongfully exposed to
radiation through federally funded experiments more than 40 years
ago deserved to be compensated.
1993 Dec 28, Journalist William
Shirer, author of "The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich," died in
Boston at age 89.
1993 Dec 30, Hollywood agent
Irving "Swifty" Lazar died in Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 86.
1993 Dec 30, Israel and the
Vatican agreed to recognize one another. Pope John Paul II
normalized relations between the Vatican and Israel.
(SFC, 12/25/97, p.A14)(AP, 12/30/97)
1993 Dec 31, Entertainer Barbra
Streisand performed her first paid concert in 22 years, singing to a
sellout crowd at the MGM Grand Garden in Las Vegas.
1993 Dec 31, Scott Douglas (38)
beat his wife, Anne Scripps Douglas (b.1946), with a claw hammer in
their Bronxville home. She went into a coma and died Jan 6, 1994.
Anne Scripps Douglas was the great-great-granddaughter of Detroit
News founder James Scripps. Douglas disappeared, though his car was
found on the off the Tappan Zee Bridge. His body was found washed up
in the Bronx on March 30, 1994. In 2009 Anne Morell Petrillo (38),
the daughter of Anne Scripps Douglas from a previous marriage,
committed suicide off the Tappan Zee Bridge.
1993 Dec 31, Former IBM
chairman Thomas J. Watson died in Greenwich, Conn., at age 79.
1993 Dec 31, Samuel Morris
Steward (b.1909), also known by the pen name Phil Andros, died. He
was a novelist and tattoo artist later based in Oakland, California.
His “Stud File" ran to more than 4,600 encounters with over 800 men.
In 2010 Justin Spring authored “Secret Historian: The Life and Times
of Samuel Steward, Professor, Tattoo Artist, and Sexual Renegade."
8/22/10, p.F1)(Econ, 8/14/10, p.70)
1993 Dec 31, Former Georgian
President Zviad Gamsakhurdia (b.1939) died on New Year’s Eve. He had
returned to lead an uprising in western Georgia, but the fighting
was quickly put down and Gamsakhurdia was surrounded. His body was
then taken to Chechnya. In 2007 His body was returned for burial in
1993 Dec, Engineers and
scientists worked frantically to complete the first phase of the
DUMAND project. The Deep Underwater Muon and Neutrino Detector was
being set up 22 miles off the coast of Kailua-Kona, Hawaii. It was
built as a kind of telescope that would provide information on the
Earth's interior, on life in the deep sea, on black holes in space,
as well as info on subatomic particles. It resembles a massive
inverted jellyfish pinned to the seafloor. It is hoped that some
high energy neutrinos will interact with matter and be transformed
into a muon that will produce a blue-green light known as a
Cherenkov Radiation that can be detected.
(PacDis, Spring/'94, p.40)
1993 Dec, The Tokamak Fusion
Test Reactor at Princeton Univ. produced 6 million watts for about
one second during a fusion experiment.
1993 Dec, A U-2 pilot was
killed on takeoff from Beale Air Force Base southeast of Oroville,
Calif., on a routine training mission.
(SFC, 8/8/96, p.A11)
1993 Dec, Vienna Mayor Helmut
Zilk (1927-2008), lost part of his hand to a letter bomb.
Authorities later tried and convicted right-wing extremist Franz
Fuchs of sending pipe and letter bombs targeting refugees and
minorities, and officials like Zilk who supported them. Fuchs,
dubbed "the Austrian Unabomber," after the American mail-bomber
Theodore Kaczynksi, hanged himself in his prison cell in 2000 while
serving a life sentence for the string of attacks.
1993 Dec, Wars were in Serbia,
Algeria, S. Africa, Morocco, Haiti, Israel, and elsewhere.
1993 Dec, In Hungary Ameritech
Corp. and Deutsche Telekom AG teamed up to by a 30% stake in Matav
Rt., the state telephone system. By 1995 their stake was 67%. The
government permitted Matav to maintain a monopoly status for 8
(WSJ, 6/25/96, p.A10)(WSJ, 8/27/97, p.A8)
1993 Dec, In Malawi a brawl
between members of the Malawi Young Pioneers, the personal
paramilitary force of dictator Kamuzu Banda, and members of the
Malawi Defense Force, left two army soldiers dead. Over the next two
weeks the defense force systematically destroyed the paramilitaries,
killing 25 but allowing the rest to return to civilian life.
(Econ., 1/23/21, p.14)
1993 Dec, From Mexico Mario
Ruiz Massieu, deputy attorney general from 1993-1994, opened an
account at the Texas Commerce Bank and began to deposit cash that
eventually totaled some $9 million.
(SFEC, 3/16/97, p.A14)
1993 Masami Teraoka (b.1936),
Japanese-American artist, made his etching "Longing Samurai."
(SFEM, 10/19/97, DB
artist-photographer Jeff Wall made his large (8x12) photo: "A Sudden
Gust of Wind (After Hokusai)."
(SFC, 3/31/97, p.E6)
1993 Charles Adams authored
"For Good and Evil: The Impact of Taxes on the Course of
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R47)
1993 A.R. Ammons (d.2001 at
75), poet and Cornell professor, authored his National Book Award
winning work: "Garbage."
(SFC, 2/27/01, p.D2)
1993 The book "Never Again for
Bolivia" by Jesuit author Federico Aguilo documented the human
rights violations of the military regimes from 1965-1981.
(SFC, 3/15/97, p.A11)
1993 Karen Armstrong authored
"A History of God," which described the "vicissitudes of God's
career of the last 4,000 years." In 2000 she authored the follow up
work "The Battle for God," which focused on the last 500 years. In
1981 Armstrong authored volume 1 of her autobiography “Through the
Narrow Gate." Vol 2: The Spiral Staircase: My Climb Out of
Darkness," came out in 2004.
(WSJ, 3/8/00, p.A20)(Econ, 3/20/04, p.92)
1993 Karen Axelrod co-authored
"Watch It Made in the USA," a guidebook to corporate museums.
(WSJ, 4/30/98, p.A1)
1993 Herbert L. Block (d.2001
at 91), cartoonist, authored "Herblock: A Cartoonist’s Life."
(SFC, 10/8/01, p.A20)
1993 Jose Antonio Burciaga
(1940-1996), poet and artist, wrote "Drink Cultura," described as an
engaging look at Chicanismo. His mural The "Last Supper," installed
in Stanford’s Stern Hall, depicts Che Guevara as a Christ figure. He
was involved in the comedy group Culture Clash and also wrote
"Weedee Peepo," a collection of journalistic pieces about El Paso.
(SFC, 10/12/96, p.A21)
1993 Ron Chernow wrote "The
Warburgs," a biography of the bankers.
(WSJ, 8/8/97, p.A11)
1993 Adel Darwish (b.1945),
Egypt-born British writer, authored “Water Wars: Coming conflicts in
the Middle East."
1993 Gregory Elliott authored
“Labourism and the English Genius: The Strange Death of Labour
1993 William Gibson authored
his essay “Disneyland with the Death Penalty" in which he depicted
the Lion City as a soulless, consumerist and authoritarian
(Econ, 3/12/15, p.77)
1993 Michael Hammer wrote
"Reengineering the Corporation: A manifesto for Business
Revolution." He later admitted that his work did not fully consider
the human dimension in the reorganization process.
(WSJ, 11/26/96, p.A1,16)
1993 James Hanken and Brian K.
Hall wrote "The Skull," a 3-volume scientific reference work.
(NH, 10/96, p.6)
1993 Paul Hawken wrote "The
Ecology of Commerce." He emphasized controlling the creation of
harmful wastes instead of their disposal.
(WSJ, 7/11/97, p.B1)
1993 John Heidenry wrote
"Theirs Was the Kingdom," a history of Reader’s Digest Magazine.
(SFC, 12/25/96, p.A22)
1993 Elmer W. Johnson
(1932-2008), former GM executive, authored “Avoiding the Collision
of Cities and Cars."
(WSJ, 3/15/08, p.A6)
1993 Stuart A. Kauffman
published "The Origins of Order: Self-Organization and Selection in
1993 John Keegan published "A
History of Warfare."
(WSJ, 6/17/99, p.A24)
1993 Steven Landsburg authored
“Armchair Economist: Economics and Everyday Life."
1993 Benjamin Libet
(1916-2007), UCSF neurophysiologist and pioneer in studies of free
will, edited “Neurophysiology of Consciousness."
(SFC, 8/18/07, p.B5)
1993 Leslie Lipson (d.2000 at
88), UC Berkeley prof. of political science, authored "The Ethical
Crises of Civilization: Moral Meltdown or Advance?" He examined the
humanist values of Islamic, Chinese, Indian and Western cultures.
(SFC, 8/15/00, p.A23)
1993 Alan Lomax, folklorist,
published his memoir "The Land Where the Blues Began."
(BS, 5/3/98, p.7E)
1993 Kanan Makiya, an
Iraqi-American academic, authored “Cruelty and Silence: War,
Tyranny, Uprising and the Arab World." It was awarded The Lionel
Gelber Prize for the best book on international relations published
in English in 1993.
1993 David Meltzer (1937-2016),
poet and musician, authored “Reading Jazz".
(SFC, 1/3/17, p.A4)
1993 James Michener wrote
"Creatures of the Kingdom."
(SFC, 10/17/97, p.A17)
1993 Jill Nelson wrote
"Volunteer Slavery," an account of her tenure as the first black
female staff writer at the Washington Post Sunday Magazine.
(SFEC, 8/24/97, BR p.4)
1993 Dr. Sherwin Nuland
authored “How We Die."
(Econ, 9/5/09, p.41)
1993 Beijing Publishing House
published "The Abandoned Capital" by Jia Pingwa. It was advertised
as the raciest novel since the Ming Dynasty. The author self-edited
the most salacious parts leaving blank spaces. The novel was banned
after several months. The novel continued selling over the black
(SFC, 4/17/98, p.A12)
1993 Thomas Powers authored
"Heisenberg’s War," which argued that Heisenberg destroyed the
German atomic project from within. Niels Bohr later countered the
argument with personal documentation.
(SFC, 2/7/02, p.A2)
1993 Sister Helen Prejean wrote
"Dead Man Walking." It described her pen pal relationship with a man
on death row. In 1995 it was made into a movie. In 2000 it premiered
in SF as an opera.
(SFEC, 12/1/96, zone 1 p.3)(WSJ, 10/12/00, p.A24)
1993 Feminist poet Adrienne
Rich published "What Is Found There: Notebooks on Poetry and
(SFC, 7/10/97, p.A10)
1993 David Rusk wrote "Cities
Without Suburbs," in which he promoted the idea of regional
(WSJ, 4/7/99, p.A20)
1993 Prof. Peter Dale Scott
wrote "Deep Politics and the Death of JFK."
(SFC, 11/18/96, p.B7)
1993 Sarah Delany (d.1999 at
109) and her sister wrote "Having Our Say: The Delany Sisters' First
100 Years" with journalist Amy Hill Hearth. The book was turned into
a Broadway play in 1995.
(SFC, 1/27/99, p.A15)
1993 Barry Hannah wrote his
novel "Out of Hell."
(WSJ, 10/25/96, p.A15)
1993 T.D. Jakes, a West
Virginia preacher who ran a Pentecostal church in Dallas, published
"The Lady, Her Lover and Her Lord." It was a self-help guide
peppered with scripture. In 1998 the title was followed up with a
gospel-pop album of the same name as "sacred music for married
(WSJ, 8/21/98, p.A1)
1993 Robert Kaplan published
"Balkan Ghosts: A Journey Through History."
(WSJ, 8/3/99, p.A20)
1993 The best-selling
nonfiction hardback book was "See, I Told You So," by Rush Limbaugh.
(WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R10)
1993 Mario Vargas Llosa
published his book "Death in the Andes in Peru." The English version
was published in 1996. It is a fictionalized account of some of the
worst atrocities committed by and in reaction to Peru’s Sendero
Luminoso (Shining path) guerrillas.
(WSJ, 2/16/96, p.A-8)
1993 Abdel Wahab al Miseri,
author of an encyclopedia on Zionism, authored "Secret Societies of
the World: the Protocols, Masonism, and Bahaism," in which he
debunked "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion."
(SFC, 10/31/02, p.A10)
1993 Rory Nugent wrote "Drums
Along the Congo: On the Trail of Mokele-Mbembe, the Last Living
Dinosaur." It was an account of his trip to the Republic of Congo.
(WSJ, 6/23/97, p.A12)
1993 Robert Putnam authored
"Making Democracy Work." Here he tried to understand why for many
decades northern Italy had been richer than the south.
(Econ., 9/5/20, p.57)
1993 In Peru Magno Sosa wrote
"The Sin of Being a Journalist" after spending 6 months wrongly
imprisoned on terrorism charges after reporting on human rights
(SFEC, 3/3/97, p.A14)
1993 Vikram Seth authored "A
(WSJ, 10/28/98, p.A20)
1993 Robert James Waller
published "The Bridges of Madison County," the best-selling
hardcover fiction work of the year.
(WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R10)
1993 Edmund White published
"Jean Genet: A Life."
(SFEC, 10/5/97, Z1 p.3)
1993 The Int’l. Parliament of
Writers was formed following Iranian death threats to Salmon
(SFC, 10/12/00, p.A10)
1993 The musical "Kiss of the
Spider Woman" was written by Terrence McNally with songs by Kander
and Ebb. It won 7 Toni awards. It was based on a book by Manuel
(SFEC, 10/26/97, DB p.11)(SFC, 11/3/97, p.E1)
1993 Ushio Amagatsu
choreographed the dance work "Yuragi," commissioned by the Theatre
de la Ville de Paris, and premiered the work in Paris.
(SFC, 10/14/96, p.B2)
1993 Bibi Besch (1940-1996) was
nominated for an Emmy for her work in the TV series "Northern
(SFC, 9/16/96, p.A15)
1993 The kids show Mighty
Morphin Power Rangers premiered with a girl superhero, the Pink
(NW, 11/11/02, p.57)
1993 Captain Kangaroo (b.1955)
ended with almost 40 years on TV. The show featured Bob Keeshan as
(WSJ, 3/6/97, p.B1)
1993 The X-Files began on TV.
The lead FBI characters, Mulder and Scully (David Duchovny and
Gillian Anderson), smacked their first kiss in late 1999.
(SFC, 11/27/99, p.D10)
1993 Antonio de Almeida
(1928-1997) became the conductor and musical director of the Moscow
(SFC, 2/22/96, p.A21)
1993 Ron Carter, jazz bass
player, recorded his album "Friends" that included works by
Rachmaninoff and Chopin.
(WSJ, 2/26/97, p.A16)
1993 Bob Dylan released his
"World Gone Wrong" album.
(WSJ, 10/9/97, p.A16)
1993 Francisco Ulloa, Dominican
merengue accordionist, recorded his album “UltraMerengue."
(BAAC, 1/97, p.7)
1993 The Spanish flamenco duo
Los del Rio, Antonio Romero and Rafael Ruiz, wrote the song
"Macarena" that became a world-wide dance hit. The English version
by the Bayside Boys was #1 in the US in 1996. the lyrics tell of a
fickle girl whose boyfriend goes into the army. While he’s gone she
plays around with his friends.
(SFC, 8/27/96, p.B1)(SFC, 8/30/96, p.A10)
1993 Dolly Parton, Loretta Lynn
and Tammy Wynette produced their album "Honky Tonk Angels."
(SFEC, 12/22/96, DB p.69)
1993 Don Henley used funds from
the album: "Common Thread: The Songs of the Eagles" for the Walden
Woods Project, which bought up acreage around Walden Pond for
protection from development.
SFC, 12/26/96, p.C6)
1993 Lou Harrison composed
"Grand Duo." Mark Morris adopted the music to a dance performance.
(WSJ, 4/25/97, p.A16)
1993 The ska music style was
featured in the 4-disk set "Tougher Than Tough: The Story of
Jamaican Music" on the Mango label.
(SFC, 11/11/97, p.A17)
1993 Composer John Williams
retired from the Boston Pops. He composed the music for the Star
(WSJ, 5/13/99, p.A28)
1993 In Las Vegas the Luxor,
Treasure Island, and MGM Grand casino-hotels were completed.
(WSJ, 1/21/97, p.A18)
1993 Pope John Paul II put
forth his encyclical "Veritatis Splendor," on the nature of moral
truth in a relativistic world.
(WSJ, 10/16/98, p.W13)
1993 The Evangelical Lutheran
Church drafted a statement on sexuality that condoned masturbation.
(WSJ, 1/3/97, p.A7)
1993 The Rev. Mac Charles Jones
(d.1997 at 47), pastor of St. Stephens Baptist Church in Kansas
City, organized a summit on urban violence known as "The Gang
(SFC, 3/8/96, p.A21)
1993 The Progress and Freedom
Foundation was founded. It was a think tank with close ties to Newt
Gingrich. It produced a white paper titled the Telecom Revolution
that outlined the state-of-the-art conservative thinking on
(Wired, Dec. '95, p.228)
1993 Chefs Collaborative 2000
was founded at a meeting of the Oldways Preservation & Exchange
(WSJ, 12/2/99, p.A20)
1993 In Oakland, Ca., Black
Panther member David Hilliard founded the Newton Foundation to carry
on the social programs of the Black Panthers.
(SFC, 10/24/97, p.A21)
1993 Ted Hayes founded Dome
Village in Los Angeles as a cooperative for 30 homeless people. In
2006 the project was dismantled and the domes were auctioned off
(SFC, 9/1/06, p.B12)
1993 The American Academy of
Anti-Aging Medicine (A4M) was founded in Chicago.
(SFEC, 4/20/97, Par p.20)
1993 In Clermont, Georgia, Mat
Garretson sponsored an int’l. Viognier wine tasting through his
marketing group, the Viognier Guild, a first for the variety. He is
persuaded to move to California and sponsor the next event there.
(SSFC, 7/22/12, p.G7)
1993 The US National Postal
Museum opened as part of the Smithsonian Institute near Union
Station in Washington DC.
(SFEC, 8/25/96, p.T6)
1993 The first Bicycle
Messenger Championship was held in Berlin, Germany.
(SFC, 9/1/96, p.D1)
1993 The Baltimore Orioles were
sold for $173 million.
(SFC, 1/7/97, p.E1)
1993 Garry Kasparov, considered
the world’s best chess player, founded the breakaway Professional
(SFC, 1/10/98, p.A4)
1993 Professional football in
the US first allowed unrestricted free-agency.
(WSJ, 1/10/97, p.A1)
1993 The Kentucky Derby was won
by Sea Hero.
(WSJ, 5/5/97, p.A16)
1993 The American Akebono was
promoted to yokozuna, the 1st rank of sumo wrestling.
(SFEC, 11/23/97, p.A25)
1993 The Ultimate Fighting
Championship (UFC) came to the US. It was called the "bloodiest,
most barbaric show in history."
(SSFC, 3/18/01, p.A12)
1993 Novelist E. Annie Proulx
won the National Book Award for "The Shipping News."
(USAT, 11/19/97, p.22A)
1993 Dutch novelist Cees
Nooteboom won the European Literary Prize for best novel for his
work: "The Following Story."
(SFC, 4/25/97, p.A3)
1993 The Booker Prize for
Fiction was won by Roddy Doyle for: "Paddy Clarke Ha Ha Ha."
(WSJ, 10/15/97, p.A21)
1993 The Nobel Prize in
Chemistry was awarded to Kary B. Mullis for developing the
polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for identifying fragments of DNA.
(SFC, 7/18/00, p.A8)
1993 The Nobel Prize in
Economics was awarded to Robert W. Fogel for "having renewed
research in economic history by applying economic theory and
quantitative methods in order to explain economic and institutional
change." Douglas C. North (1920-2015) of Stanford’s Hoover Inst.
also shared in the prize.
(WSJ, 10/11/95, p. A-1)(SFC, 10/15/98, p.A2)(SFC,
10/8/01, p.A17)(SFC, 11/26/15, p.D6)
1993 The Nobel Prize in
medicine was awarded to Richard J. Roberts of Britain and Philip A.
Sharp of the US for discovery of split genes that changed how
scientists look at evolution and advanced research on hereditary
diseases, including some cancers.
(SFEC, 10/8/96, A9)
1993 Russell Hulse and Joseph
Taylor won the Nobel Prize in Physics for their discovery of the
first binary pulsar and for subsequent studies leading to a
verification of the theory of general relativity for a system
outside our solar system. In 1974 they recorded an indirect sighting
of gravitational waves when they showed a pair of stars spiraling
towards each other was radiating energy in the form of gravitational
waves at exactly the same rate predicted by Einstein.
1993 Toni Morrison (b.1931,
American novelist, won the Nobel Prize in Literature. Her novels are
known for their epic themes, vivid dialogue, and richly detailed
black characters. Among her best known novels are “The Bluest Eye,"
“Song of Solomon," and “Beloved," which won the Pulitzer Prize for
Fiction in 1988.
1993 The US imposed limited
sanctions on China following the sale of some M-11 missile
components to Pakistan.
(WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A4)
1993 Pres. Clinton
signed the Family and Medical Leave Act. It granted workers 24 hours
a year of unpaid leave to handle family matters. In 2003 the US
Supreme Court allowed state employees to sue for denial of unpaid
(SFC, 6/25/96, p.A1)(SFC, 5/28/03, p.B1)
1993 Linda Tripp, a Pentagon
aide, later reported to Newsweek Magazine that Kathleen Willey told
her of a sexual encounter she had in the Oval Office with Pres.
(SFC, 1/22/98, p.A3)
1993 John B. Taylor (b.1946)
authored a paper in the Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on
Public Policy. Here he proposed that a simple and effective central
bank policy would manipulate short-term interest rates, raising
rates to cool the economy whenever inflation or output growth
becomes excessive, and lowering rates when either one falls too low.
Taylor's interest rate equation has come to be known as the Taylor
rule, and it is now widely accepted as an effective formula for
monetary decision making.
1993 James Riady, Indonesian
billionaire, began to be a guest at the Clinton White House. His
family ran the Lippo Group, a financial conglomerate out of Jakarta.
By 1996 he had made 15-20 visits.
(SFC, 11/5/96, p.A1)
1993 Agricultural Secretary
Mike Espy accepted gratuities from Richard Douglas, a VP of
Sun-Diamond Growers in California. Espy was indicted in 1997 for
soliciting gifts from companies he was supposed to be regulating.
Douglas was convicted in 1997 for offering gratuities.
(SFC, 6/14/96, p. A8)(SFC, 6/16/96, p.B2)(SFC,
1993 The United States declared
Sudan to be a state sponsor of terrorism.
1993 The US Congress abolished
mandatory retirement in academia.
(WSJ, 11/24/97, p.A1)
1993 A US law capped deductions
for executive pay and firms reacted by giving out more stock
(WSJ, 12/27/06, p.A6)
1993 The Solomon amendment
empowered the US government to cut off federal money to any school
that blocks military recruiters from having the same kind of access
to campuses and to students that is provided to any other employer.
(SFC, 12/7/05, p.A3)
1993 The National Ignition
Facility (NIF) was begun in Livermore, Ca. It was designed to be the
40 times as powerful as any laser ever built.
(WSJ, 12/20/99, p.A1)
1993 The US FDA approved
Risperdal, made by Johnson & Johnson, to treat schizophrenia and
bipolar disorder in adults. In 2006 approval was expanded to help
treat autism in children.
(WSJ, 10/7/06, p.A14)
1993 The khat plant was made
illegal as a Schedule I narcotic in the US.
(NW, 9/30/02, p.35)
1993 Alabama Gov. Guy Hunt,
halfway through his 2nd term, was convicted and forced to resign. He
was sentenced to 5 years probation, 1,000 hours of community
service, and a $212,000 fine. In 1997 a parole board, partly
appointed by Hunt, voted to pardon him. (SFC, 6/12/97, p.A2)
1993 Alabama Governor James E.
Folsom Jr. (b.1948) led an offer to Mercedes-Benz of $253 million in
incentives to build its 1st auto plant in Vance.
1993 The $13 million Civil
Rights Institute opened in Birmingham. It was dedicated to research
on civil rights around the world with focus on the Deep South.
(SSFC, 5/12/02, p.C12)
1993 The Alabama Board of
Education voted to prohibit yoga, hypnosis and meditation in public
schools. The ban was pushed by conservative groups.
(SFC, 3/9/20, p.A4)
1993 Mobile, Ala., became
sister cities with Havana, Cuba.
(Econ, 8/1/09, p.26)
1993 Deborah Spivey Barton (39)
and her mother Eloise Powell Spivey (59) of Georgia were found
beaten to death in a camper at a campground in northern Alabama.
Mark O. Barton, Deborah's husband was a suspect, but never charged.
[see Georgia Jul 29, 1999]
(SFC, 7/30/99, p.A3)
1993 Charles Keating, Arizona
land developer, was found guilty by a federal jury on 73 counts of
racketeering, fraud, and conspiracy and sentenced to 12 years. His
son was also convicted on 64 counts that alleged many of the same
crimes. Federal charges were overturned in 1996.
(SFC, 6/22/96, p.A3)
1993 An international
competition rated Phoenix, Az., and Christchurch, New Zealand, as
the world’s best governed cities.
(Econ, 7/28/07, p.32)
1993 Rev. Eugene Lumpkin, a
member of the SF Human Rights Commission, spoke against the
homosexual lifestyle and quoted scripture that it was abomination
against God. He later stated in a TV interview he agreed with a
biblical statement that "a man who sleeps with a man should be put
to death." Mayor Jordan quickly fire Rev. Lumpkin from the HRC.
Lumpkin filed suit on the basis of freedom of speech and religion
but his case was lost.
(SFC, 12/2/97, p.A16)
1993 In San Francisco the
remains of almost 500 people were found during excavation for
seismic renovations of the Palace of the Legion of Honor at Lincoln
Park. The area was the site of a public cemetery for indigents that
closed at the turn of the century. The cemetery land eventually
became a golf course.
(SSFC, 2/3/19, DB p.42)
1993 In SF a free medical
clinic for teenagers was established at Mission High School. In 1998
Superintendent Bill Rojas blocked approval of a $50,000 grant for
the clinic to continue.
(SFC, 6/5/98, p.A19)
1993 In SF the Ferry Plaza
Farmers Market opened.
(SSFC, 5/5/13, p.G1)
1993 In SF The Yerba Buena
Gardens opened across from the Moscone Center.
(SFC, 11/9/99, p.D1)
1993 The St. Francis of Assisi
church in North Beach, built in 1860, was one of 9 churches closed
by the Archdiocese of San Francisco. In 1997 it was reborn as a
national shrine to St. Francis, the only sanctioned shrine outside
his Italian hometown.
(SSFC, 11/20/05, p.B3)
1993 Channel 54 began operating
as the independent nonprofit SF Community Television Corp.
(SFC, 9/28/99, p.A17)
1993 In SF Rev. Max Christensen
(d.1998), rector of St. James Episcopal Church, published his book
"Turning Points." In 1997 he published "Heroes and Saints."
(SFC, 7/15/98, p.A20)
1993 In SF Ken Romines was
assigned to Edison Elementary School in Noe Valley, described as the
worst in the city. He spent 2 years trying to turn it around, after
which it was "reconstituted." He wrote the 1997 "A Principal’s
Story" to describe the events.
(SFEC, 9/21/97, BR p.8)
1993 SF voters approved Prop.
AA, a policy declaration saying that all city employees should ride
MUNI to work at least twice a week.
(SFC, 10/2/98, p.A22)
1993 SF raised cable car prices
to $2.00 each way.
(SFC, 3/2/05, p.B7)
1993 SF police officer Joanne
Welsh filed a suit against police-chief Anthony Ribera for sexual
harassment. In 12/95 Ribera was acquitted by a federal jury but the
jury found the city guilty for not returning her to her job. She was
awarded $288,606 in damages, attorneys fees and back pay.
(SFC, 9/5/96, p.A15)
1993 Police officer Bob Geary
successfully defended his right to use his dummy puppet "O’Smarty"
while on patrol. The defense cost him $11,465 and was denied as a
(SFEC, 2/22/98, p.D1)
1993 SF Gate of Chronicle Publ.
opened for business on the Internet.
(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A8)
1993 Management of the SF Zoo
shifted from the city to the Zoological Society.
(SFC, 7/30/04, p.E15)
1993 The Dolores St. Baptist
Church experienced a devastating fire.
(SFC, 9/15/98, p.A9)
1993 John B. Fortunio (45) was
robbed and stabbed to death by Juan Arballu (28). Fortunio left his
estate by will to the city of SF and in 1998 it was valued at about
(SFC, 2/13/98, p.A23)
1993 Angel Lopez, prostitute,
was slain in SF.
(SFC, 3/13/04, p.B6)
1993 There were 117 deaths and
436 injuries due to handguns this year in SF. 132 killings were
reported for the year.
(SFC, 6/25/96, p.A19)(SFC,12/9/97, p.A18)
1993 The Naval Base at Alameda,
Ca., was ordered shut down as part of the federal government base
(SFEC, 2/8/98, p.D4)
1993 The last section of I-105
was completed in Los Angeles. This completed the US highway system
begun in 1956.
(Econ, 2/16/08, p.32)
1993 Tom Bradley, mayor of Los
Angeles, retired. He was succeeded by Richard Riordan.
(SFC, 9/30/98, p.A13)
1993 In California Arturo
Rodriguez succeeded Cesar Chavez as president of the United Farm
(WSJ, 8/5/98, p.CA4)
1993 The federal government and
South Carolina state paid the Catawba Indians $50 million for lands
taken in 1840.
(SFC, 7/4/97, p.A10)
1993 Dennis Archer succeeded
Coleman Young as mayor of Detroit.
(WSJ, 5/28/98, p.A20)
1993 St. Louis, Missouri,
recorded a record number of homicides this year with 267 dead. The
city's population was about 387,000.
(SFC, 10/6/20, p.A5)
1993 Rudolph Giuliani defeated
New York’s first black mayor, David Dinkins. He became the first
Republican mayor in 2 decades and the city’s 107th.
(SFC, 8/15/97, p.A3)(SFC, 1/2/98, p.A3)
1993 Carlos Enrique Cervantes
de Gortari was convicted with 4 others in federal court in Newark
for selling 90 kg of cocaine to an undercover agent. He is a cousin
of Mexico’s former president Carlos Salinas.
(WSJ, 4/15/97, p.A15)
1993 Nevada rancher Cliven
Bundy quit paying grazing fees on government land after the
government designated the Gold Butte area as protected habitat for
the endangered desert tortoise and cut his allotment of cows. The
BLM cancelled his grazing permit and ordered him to remove his cows.
Federal judges later upheld the action.
(SSFC, 4/20/14, p.A11)
1993 Rhode Island repealed its
nautical taxes and became something of a nautical tax haven.
(SFC, 7/24/10, p.A6)
1993 The American Stock
Exchange introduced the Standard & Poor’s Depository Receipts,
known as SPDRs and pronounced "spiders." They traded at one-tenth
the value of the S&P.
(SFC, 5/26/97, p.B1)
1993 The first exchange-traded
funds (ETFS) were introduced. They consisted of a basket of shares
designed to track a benchmark.
(Econ, 3/1/08, SR p.8)
1993 The Boston Globe was
purchased by the New York Times for $1.07 billion.
(WSJ, 8/9/99, p.B9)
1993 Mercedes-Benz announced
plans to build cars in the US.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1993 Alex Trotman became the
chairman and CEO for Ford.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)
1993 Ferdinand Piech took over
Volkswagen. He was the grandson of founder Ferdinand Porsche and the
son of the company’s wartime chief, Anton Piech.
(WSJ, 11/7/96, p.A17)
1993 Dr. Stephen Fodor founded
Affymetrix, a spin-off from Affymax Research Institute in Palo Alto,
Ca. the company specialized in developing commercial DNA arrays.
(Econ, 12/2/06, TQ p.25)
1993 ATT bought McCaw Cellular
Communications for $11.5 bil. The transaction was completed in 1994.
McCaw then founded Nextlink, a provider of phone services to
businesses. McCaw’s story was told in 2000 by O. Casey Cor in "Money
From Thin Air."
1993 Privately held Amstar
Corp., a holding company for Milwaukee Electric Tool, merged with
Essex Industries, a lock and door company, to form Esstar Corp.
(WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)
1993 Apple Chairman John
Sculley introduced the Newton MessagePad, the first personal digital
assistant. The device was terminated in 1998.
(SFC, 2/28/98, p.D1)
1993 Applied Biosystems was
acquired by Perkin-Elmer, which held the rights to polymerase chain
reaction technology (PCR).
(SFEC, 7/23/00, p.C7)
1993 Barnes & Noble, the
bookstore people, went public with an IPO.
(WSJ, 9/3/96, p.A6)
1993 Jim Koch, founder of
Boston Beer co., the maker of Samuel Adams beer, set a new bar by
creating Triple Bock, a beverage with 17.5% alcohol by volume. In
the early 2000s, Dogfish Head responded with beverages of their own
that went to 22%. In 2009 Boston Beer released an updated version of
its biennial beer Utopias, to date the highest alcohol content beer
on the market. It was 27% alcohol by volume and $150 a bottle.
1993 Coca-Cola established a
memorandum of understanding with Beijing for expansion in China and
obligations to the domestic soft-drink industry. 10 new
joint-venture bottling plants were allowed.
(WSJ, 5/31/96, p.B3B)
1993 The Dart Corp. brothers
Kenneth and Robert renounced their US citizenship to avoid US income
taxes and set up shop in the Cayman Islands.
(WSJ, 12/5/97, p.A1)
1993 Enron Corp. started
building electric power plants on barges with a project in
(WSJ, 5/22/96, p.B-1)
1993 Ford’s European division
launched the Mondeo, a car that reflected Ford’s new approach to
(Econ, 3/8/08, p.73)
1993 Goldman Sachs & Co.
invented a new security called Monthly Income Preferred Shares
(MIPS) that resembled both a loan and an equity. It allowed
companies to mask the size of their debt while cutting their federal
(WSJ, 2/1/02, p.A1)
1993 Hearst New Media and
Technology was created to guide interests in new media. Hearst also
started Country Living Gardener magazine and acquired the San
(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)
1993 Guillermo Gaede, an Intel
engineer, used his computer to tap into plans for the Pentium &
486 chip manufacturing process and video taped the information. He
sent the info his former employer Advanced Micro Devices who
notified federal authorities. He claimed to have been double-crossed
by the FBI and also to have passed info from AMD to Cuba, China,
North Korea and Iran. He was arrested in Phoenix on Sep 23, 1995.
(SFC, 6/25/96, p.A23)
1993 The Mondavi Wine Co. went
(SFC, 7/21/96, p.D4)
1993 Omega 7 Inc. was founded
by Alonzo Washington. It was focused on establishing Omega Man as a
black comic book superhero. It later branched in to the toy market.
(SFC, 2/2/98, p.B2)
1993 Quantum Chemical Corp. was
acquired by Britain’s Hanson PLC. It had begun in 1890 as the
Distilling & Cattle Feeding Co.
(WSJ, 5/28/96, p. R-45)
1993 Steven Burd, a member of
the KKR team that took Safeway private in a large leveraged buyout,
became the CEO of Safeway.
(WSJ, 3/25/04, p.A3)
1993 Rayovac introduced a
rechargeable alkaline battery system that extended the charge on
reusable alkaline manganese batteries. The charge held 3x longer the
(SFEC, 2/21/99, p.B5)
1993 Triarc Corp. (Arby’s, RC
Cola and propane interests) was acquired by Nelson Pelz from Victor
Posner. Pelz received shareholder approval in 1994 to work for a $1
salary for 6 years plus enormous stock options. In 1996 he collected
2 million in bonus money, not directly approved by stockholders.
(WSJ, 6/12/97, p.C1)
1993 Doctors at Duke, Mass.
Gen’l. Hosp. and Northwestern Univ. announced that they had isolated
the gene that causes amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ALS, or Lou
(SFC, 6/9/96, Par, p.15)
1993 Depo-Provera, an
injectable drug for birth control, was released in the US.
(SFC, 7/21/99, p.A9)
1993 Sanofi-Aventis of France
introduced its Ambien sleeping pill to the US.
(SFC, 3/3/06, p.D1)
1993 The information highway
joined the lexicon.
(TMC, 1994, p.1993)
1993 Ward Cunningham (b.1949)
founded the 1st Wiki site, The Portland Repository." The site was
developed so that multiple users could revise and update
information. He joined Microsoft in 2003.
(WSJ, 7/29/04, p.B1)(www.en.wikipedia.org)
1993 Id Software’s "Doom"
featured a 3-D shooter and was launched on the Internet.
(SFC, 7/5/97, p.E3)
1993 The computer game "Mortal
Combat" sparked a controversy in Congress over video game violence.
(SFC, 7/5/97, p.E1)
1993 The computer game "Myst"
swept the US with its eerie puzzle plot.
(SFC, 7/5/97, p.E1)
1993 The fantasy card game
“Magic: The Gathering" was created.
(SFC, 9/1/04, p.B1)
1993 Mattel introduced its
“Earing Magic Ken" doll, which gave him a pierced left ear.
(ST, 7/29/04, p.C8)
1993 The graphics chip company
nVidea (Nvidia) was founded in Santa Clara, Ca.
(WSJ, 3/17/03, p.B1)(SFC, 12/2/06, p.C2)
1993 In California Richard M.
Diamond (1924-2007), nuclear chemist, and lab partner Frank Stephens
developed and built the original Gammasphere at Berkeley’s 88-inch
cyclotron. It analyzed gamma rays emitted from atoms bombarded in
high-energy nuclear accelerators.
(SFC, 10/20/07, p.B5)
1993 A US project to build a
23-km particle accelerator near Waxahachie, Texas, was cancelled
after nearly $2 billion had been spent.
(Econ, 4/29/06, p.84)
1993 The NASA $1 billion Mars
Observer probe failed just before entry into orbit around Mars.
(SFC, 11/7/96, p.B1)
1993 A NASA study said: “While
no single food can supply all the essential life-sustaining
nutrients, quinoa comes as close as any other in the plant or animal
(Econ, 5/21/16, p.65)
1993 The Pew Foundation
established the Pew Center for Civic Journalism with a 3-year grant
that was renewed.
(WSJ, 10/17/96, p.A6)
1993 Father Timothy Scully
founded the Alliance for Catholic Education at Notre Dame in an
effort to help staff the inner-city parochial schools.
(WSJ, 5/21/99, p.W15)
1993 The Holocene calendar was
first proposed by Italian-American scientist Cesare Emiliani
(1922-1995). It is a year numbering system that adds exactly 10,000
years to the currently dominant AD (or CE) numbering scheme, placing
its first year near the beginning of the Holocene geological epoch
and the Neolithic Revolution.
1993 Lobbyists in Washington
were paid an average of $47,679 each, while the average American
worker earned $19,429.
(WSJ, 6/19/96, p.A18)
1993 Southeast Asia accounted
for 1.4% of the world’s agricultural land and 3.6% of global
pesticide imports by value. The highest use was in Thailand.
(WSJ, 10/3/96, p.B11B)
1993 The ozone hole over the
Antarctic was measured to be three times the size of the United
States. "If the release of CFC’S (chlorofluorocarbons) is ceased
instantly, it would take nearly 100 years for the ozone to recover.
(Prof. James Terri)"
(LSA., D. Gilbert, p. 29.)
1993 An E. coli outbreak made
hundreds ill and several children died. It was traced to hamburgers
at Jack in the Box restaurants. The bacteria was identified as E.
coli 0157:H7, a renegade strain of the normally harmless group.
(WSJ, 7/15/96, p.B1)(SFC, 11/1/96, p.A4)
1993 The hantavirus was
discovered in the American Southwest and killed at least 26 people.
(SFC, 2/3/00, p.A6)
1993 Paintings that dated back
2000 years, made on rock surfaces in the central mountain ranges of
the Baha Peninsula by unknown native Indians, were declared a World
Heritage Site by UNESCO. In 1997 Harry W. Crosby published "Cave
Paintings of Baha California."
(WSJ, 3/5/98, p.A20)
1993 The Univ. of Michigan
began publishing its American Consumer Satisfaction Index. George
Katona began the consumer surveys began in 1946.
(Econ, 5/5/07, p.79)(http://tinyurl.com/33oozk)
1993 The national marine
Fisheries Services announced that of 157 commercially valuable fish
species in the US, 36% were over fished and 44% were fished at the
(SFEC, 10/20/96, A12)
1993 The Fortean Times, a
British journal of strange and uncanny phenomena, began compiling
its weirdness index based on the number of stories printed in
various categories over the previous year.
(SFEC, 2/15/98, p.A23)
1993 Little Rock, Ark., hit a
record 76 murders for the year.
(SSFC, 8/11/02, p.F6)
1993 The Forest Service cut
logging by two-thirds to protect the spotted owl in northern
(SFC, 9/6.96, p.A11)
1993 Timothy Synnott helped
create the Forest Stewardship Council, which aimed at cutting
logging abuse around the world.
(WSJ, 9/26/00, p.A1)
1993 Shark finning was banned
in the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico by the US Sec. of
Commerce due to serious overfishing.
(SFC, 6/7/00, p.A10)
1993 Princess Cruises began its
Planet Princess environmental conservation and training program.
(SFEC, 8/16/98, p.T9)
1993 The US nuclear-powered
submarine Grayling collided in the Barents Sea with a Russian
Delta-3 class, nuclear-powered submarine. Both vessels were able to
return to base.
(SFC, 8/15/00, p.A15)
1993 In San Diego a gang
shootout over the distribution of methamphetamines left 26 people
(SFC, 2/10/97, p.A9)
1993 A.D. “Pete" Correll
(1941-2021) rose to chairman and CEO of Georgia-Pacific. He later
negotiated a $21 billion sale of the company to Kansas-based Koch
1993 In Maryland Mildred Horn
and nurse Janice Saunders were shot and killed in Silver Spring.
Trevor (8), Horn's quadriplegic son, died after his breathing tube
was disconnected. Lawrence T. Horn, Trevor's father and Mildred's
ex-husband, was sentenced to life in prison for hiring James Edward
Perry of Detroit to commit the slayings. At Perry's trial
prosecutors argued that he followed tips outlined in the book "Hit
Man: A Technical Manual for the Independent Contractor." In 1999
Paladin Press agreed to settle a multimillion federal civil suit, to
make contributions to 2 charities chosen by the plaintiffs and to
turn over 700 remaining copies of the book.
(SFC, 5/22/99, p.A3)
1993 Kobo Abe, Japanese writer,
died. He wrote "Woman in the Dunes." In 1996 his last novel
"Kangaroo Notebook" was published.
(SFC, 6/23/96, BR, p.4)
1993 Maeve Brennan (b.1916),
Irish-born short story writer, died. She was a longtime contributor
to the New Yorker. In 2000 the posthumous collection "The Rose
Garden" was published.
(WSJ, 2/3/00, p.A24)
1993 James H. Doolittle, head
of the 1942 US air raid on Tokyo, died.
(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.A3)
1993 Daniel Fuchs (84), writer,
died. His books included a series of novels about Jewish life in
Brooklyn: "Summer in Williamsburg," "Homage to Blenholt," and "Low
1993 Joseph Paul Jernigan, a
convicted murderer, was executed in Huntsville, Texas. He donated
his body to medical research and it was quick frozen, sliced,
photographed and computer enhanced and used to make the 1997 CD Body
(SFEC, 3/30/97, BR. p.9)
1993 Dizzy Gillespie, jazz
trumpet player, died at age 75.
(SFEC, 7/27/97, DB p.34)
1993 Lillian Gish, Hollywood
actress, died. The Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize was created from
interest on a trust fund following her death.
(SFC, 10/11/97, p.E3)
1993 Actor Brandon Lee was
accidentally killed during the filming of "The Crow."
(SFEM, 1/12/97, Par p.18)
1993 Reginald F. Lewis,
businessman, CEO of TLC Beatrice Holdings Inc., died of brain
cancer. His biography was co-written with Blair S. Walker.
(WSJ, 1/12/95, A-14)
1993 Alexander Mackendrick
(81), film director, died. His work included "The Ladykillers"
(1955) and "Sweet Smell of Success."
(WSJ, 3/25/02, p.A16)
1993 John H. Martin,
oceanographer at California’s Moss Landing Marine Laboratories,
died. He proposed that enriching the ocean with iron particles would
spur plankton production and cause absorption of atmospheric CO2. A
1996 experiment proved him right.
(SFC, 10/10/96, p.A2)
1993 Richard Salant, lawyer,
died. He ran CBS news for 16 years after being put in charge by CBS
Pres. Frank Stanton. His memoirs were compiled, edited and published
in 1998 by Susan and Bill Buzenburg: "Salant, CBS, and the Battle
for the Soul of Broadcast Journalism."
(SFEC, 11/29/98, BR p.8)
1993 Albania allowed Crown
Prince Leka I (1939-2011), the only son of King Zog I, was permitted
to return to Albania under a passport issued by his own Royal
1993 Algeria stopped applying
1993 The Armed Islamic Group
(GIA) first emerged and became most active around Algiers.
(SFC, 9/27/97, p.A10)
1993 In Algeria Karima Belhadj
was the first woman killed in a rebel attack.
(SFC, 3/9/99, p.B10)
1993 Andorra ended as a
co-principality and became legally independent. The parliament
chamber had 28 seats, 4 representatives for each of its 7 parishes.
(Hem., 3/97, p.74)(SSFC, 6/24/07, p.G3)
1993 In Angola arms and an oil
embargo was imposed on the UNITA rebels by the UN but it had little
(SFC, 10/30/97, p.A13)
1993 Argentina’s Pres. Menem
made a deal with congress known as the Olivos Pact. The
congressional opposition allowed him to run for re-election and
changed the constitution to make lawful decrees that he had issued
in exchange for a term reduction from 6 years to 4 along with a
reduction in influence over other branches of government.
(Econ, 8/12/06, p.29)
1993 In Argentina Gen’l.
Lanusse was place under house arrest for after he accused Pres.
Carlos Menem of being "frivolous" and a "womanizer."
(SFC, 8/27/96, p.A17)
1993 In Argentina Father Julio
Grassi became widely known after starting the "Happy the Children"
Foundation, opening several homes for poor children and doing other
1993 In Argentina Santa Cruz
province, under Gov. Nestor Kirchner, acquired shares in YPF, a
privatized oil company, in lieu of unpaid royalties. The shares were
sold for a big profit in 1999 and the proceeds were held abroad.
Some of the money returned to the province but Mr. Kirchner has not
revealed what happened to the rest.
(Econ, 2/27/10, p.28)
1993 In Australia the Daintree
Eco Lodge and Spa opened in the rain forest of North Queensland.
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.C7)
1993 In Australia, a developer
bought a 260-acre site in Cardwell, Queensland, across from
Hichinbrook Island, the world’s largest island national park. His
$100 million plans to develop the site faced major opposition in
1998 even after 12 million was invested.
(SFC, 1/16/98, p.B4)
1993 The war in the Balkans
continued with the new term Ethnic Cleansing.
(TMC, 1994, p.1993)
1993 Islamic fundamentalists
imposed a sentence of death on Bangladesh writer Taslima Nasreen for
her 1992 novel "Shame." [see Nasrin 1998]
(WSJ, 8/31/99, p.A20)
1993 Belgium adopted a law that
empowered judges to hear war crimes and genocide cases regardless of
where the alleged crimes occurred or who committed them. In 2002 the
Int’l. Court of Justice cited diplomatic immunity and ruled that
Belgium cannot try former and current world leaders. In 2003 an
amendment to invalidate high profile cases was passed.
(SFC, 2/15/02, p.A8)(AP, 4/5/03)
1993 A Bolivian court convicted
Arce Gomez in absentia of a series of crimes including armed
insurrection and genocide. He was sentenced to 30 years without
parole. Gomez was in the US serving time following a conviction for
1993 A Bolivian court convicted
former dictator Garcia Meza in absentia of genocide, sedition,
corruption and other crimes.
(SFC, 5/4/18, p.D6)
1993 A Bosnian Croat, Zlatko
Aleksovski, was one of six men charged in 1996 with killing Muslims
in the central Lasva Valley in this year.
(SFC, 6/10/96, C16)
1993 Fikret Abdic declared
Bihac an autonomous province. He and his followers fled to Croatia
in 1995. He was indicted in 1999 for inhumane treatment of civilians
and prisoners of war.
(SFC, 1/11/99, p.A10)
1993 A Bosnian Croat state,
Herzeg-Bosnia, was declared by Croat nationalists during fighting
between Muslims and Croats. In Croat controlled parts of Bosnia it
collects taxes, runs schools and allows use of Croatia’s currency.
(SFC, 6/15/96, p.A10)
1993 In Brazil Pres. Itamar
Franco named Fernando Henrique Cardoso as Finance Minister, the 4th
in 18 months. Cardoso enacted the Plano Real economic program and
slashed inflation from 2,700% to 2% in 1998. This success enabled
Cardoso to win elections for president in 1994.
(WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-13)(SFC, 2/26/99, p.E2)
1993 In Brazil Castor de
Andrade (d.1997 at 71), a Rio "godfather," was arrested with 13
other suspected gaming bosses and convicted of criminal association
and forming armed gangs. Police evidence revealed multi-million
payoffs to congressmen, police chiefs, judges, businessmen, police
officers and the former President Fernando Collor de Mello.
(SFC, 4/14/97, p.A19)
1993 At Brazil’s Carandiru
Prison riot troopers killed 111 inmates in their efforts to quell a
rebellion. The Primeiro Comando da Capital (PCC) was founded at
Taubate jail in Sao Paulo state to fight for prisoner’s rights and
avenge the massacre by police of more than 100 prisoners at
Carandiru. The PCC grew to become the country’s most powerful gang.
(SFC, 1/1/98, p.A14)(Economist, 9/22/12, p.45)
1993 In Brazil Congressman Jair
Bolsonaro strode to a podium in the lower house and delivered a
speech that shook its young democracy: He declared his love for the
country's not-so-distant military regime and demanded the
legislature be disbanded.
1993 The Church of England
decided to permit female priests.
(SFC, 5/17/96, p.A-16)
1993 The British Council Tax, a
levy based loosely on house prices, was instituted.
(Econ, 1/24/04, p.51)
1993 Britain set up the Child
Support Agency (CSA) to calculate and collect maintenance payments
from one parent to another when families split up and support
payments are due. In late 2006 plans were made public for a new
body, the Child Maintenance and Enforcement Commission, to replace
(Econ, 12/3/05, p.53)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.58)
1993 James Dyson, British
former art student turned inventor, set up a plant in Wiltshire to
produce his vacuum cleaners. Production was later transferred to
(Econ, 2/3/07, SR p.8)
1993 The British brothers David
and Frederick Barclay paid $3.5 million for the Brecqhou, and
Channel Island considered as part of the fiefdom of Sark.
(WSJ, 10/11/05, p.A1)
1993 Asil Nadir (52), a Turkish
Cypriot, went to northern Cyprus after being charged with 66 counts
of theft involving 34 million pounds. He ran Polly Peck, one of
Britain's biggest companies with interests in sectors from textiles
to electronics, before its collapse. In 2010 Nadir's lawyers
indicated he would be willing to come back and face trial if he was
1993 Research by Robin Dunbar,
an Oxford anthropologist, gave rise to Dunbar’s number of 150 as a
natural limit to the human friendship circle.
(WSJ, 11/16/07, p.B1)
1993 Bulgaria banned dancing
bears, but performances continued through 2002. In 2000 Four Paws, a
Vienna animal rights group, opened a bear sanctuary at Belitsa.
(SFC, 7/8/02, p.A3)
1993 In Burundi Pierre Buyoya
paved the way for elections and handed the presidency to Melchior
Ndadaye, a Hutu.
(SFC, 9/25/96, p.A9)
1993 "The Music of Cambodia"
was recorded by David and Kay Parsons as a 3-CD box that included
Royal Court music and a nine-gong ensemble.
(NH, 9/97, p.75)
1993 Cambodia held free
elections under UN supervision. The communist Cambodian People’s
Party (CPP) under Hun Sen lost the elections and formed a coalition
government with the elected Funcinpec under Prince Ranariddh, son of
King Sihanouk. The Khmer Rouge boycotted the elections. The
communists maintained control over the defense and interior
ministries. Ranariddh and Hun Sen ran the country as co-premiers.
(WSJ, 5/3/96, p.A-10)(SFC, 6/19/97, p.A13)(WSJ,
1993 Cambodian law prohibited
the removal of cultural artifacts without government permission.
1993 The Int'l. Coordination
Committee was created to channel aid to Cambodia's Angkor Wat zone.
(SFC, 2/4/04, p.D10)
1993 In Cambodia an armed group
robbed the Angkor storage depot at Siem Reap and took 22 pieces
including several important stone sculptures.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.60)
1993 Somaly Mam (b.~1970-71)
escaped Cambodia following years of forced prostitution. She moved
to Paris and later returned to Cambodia to help women caught in
similar situations. In 2006 she was honored as one of Glamour
magazine's women of the year. In 2007 she published her
autobiography: "The Road of Lost Innocence." In 2008 she was the
co-winner of the $150,000 World's Children's Prize for the Rights of
the Child, awarded by the Swedish Children's World Association to
recognize those who defend the rights of children. In 2014 she
resigned from the New York-based foundation she helped found after
reports alleged that she had distorted aspects of her personal
1993 Canada’s former PM
Mulroney began accepting cash from Karlheinz Schreiber, a lobbyist
for Airbus and Thyssen. This was only made public in 2003. Public
hearings in the matter began in 2009. Schreiber said he handed over
C$300,000 ($256,000) in cash to Mulroney in separate hotel meetings
so that Mulroney could help promote establishment of a factory to
build light armored vehicles.
(Econ, 4/4/09, p.44)(Reuters, 5/12/09)
1993 In Canada Karla Homolka
pleaded guilty in the sex slayings of two southern Ontario teenagers
Leslie Mahaffy and Kristen French. She was sentenced to 12 years in
prison and was set for release in 2005. Her husband Paul Bernardo,
eventually convicted of raping 13 Ontario women or girls, committed
many of the assaults during the first three years of his
relationship with Homolka.
1993 In Canada diamond
prospectors found nickel deposits in Labrador’s Voisey Bay. Vale of
Brazil opened a mine there in 2005.
(Econ, 4/12/14, p.27)
1993 Former Central African
Republic ruler Jean-Bedel Bokassa was released from prison by
President Andre Kolingba, who had overthrown David Dacko. Bokassa
ended his days as a recluse in his villa in Bangui and died of a
heart attack in 1996.
1993 In Chile capital controls
were reduced to a minimum permanence period of 1 year for foreign
(WSJ, 10/1/98, p.A17)
1993 Chile passed its first law
offering protection, formal recognition and development aid to
indigenous groups. 5 of its original native tribes were already
lost. In 2006 the Kawesqar were down to just 15 full-blooded
members. The Mapuche numbered some 600,000.
(SSFC, 10/8/06, p.A25)
1993 The 1st dam on the Mekong
River was completed at Man Wan, China.
(Econ, 1/3/04, p.29)
1993 China amended its
(SFEC, 1/31/99, p.A22)
1993 China set up a Preliminary
Working Committee (PWC) to shape the post-1997 Hong Kong
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)
1993 China curbed satellite
dish sales and ownership after Rupert Murdoch, who had just bought
Star TV, said that satellite broadcasting threatened totalitarian
regimes by enabling viewers to bypass state controlled media.
(WSJ, 3/26/96, p.A-15)(SFC, 5/8/99, p.C1)(Econ,
1993 The Unirule Institute of
Economics, an independent Chinese think tank, was founded in
Beijing. In 2017 the government shut down two of its websites as
well as all of its social media accounts and those of its
(Econ, 2/18/17, p.37)
1993 China and the Tibet
Autonomous Region established the Chang Tang Reserve setting aside
at least 109,000 sq. mls. Added to the smaller, contiguous Arjin
Shan Region, the total preserved area is now almost as a large as
(NH, 5/96, p.52)
1993 Michael Yu and his wife
founded New Oriental’s 1st school to teach English to Chinese
students. In 2006 New Oriental raised $129.4 million in an initial
public offering on the NYSE.
(WSJ, 11/27/06, p.B3)
1993 Feng Jun founded Aigo, the
trade name of Beijing Huaqi Information Digital Technology Company,
to sell keyboards. In 2008 Mr. Feng carried the Olympic torch in
(Econ, 8/2/08, SR p.8)
1993 In China Chen Feng led a
coalition of private investors and the government of Hainan to
launch Hainan Airlines. In 2016 it recorded revenues of $90 billion.
(Econ, 4/15/17, p.56)
1993 China banned the use of
rhino horn and demand fell sharply.
(Econ 5/6/17, p.69)
1993 Colombia granted
collective title rights to black and indigenous groups.
(Econ, 11/8/14, p.40)
1993 Colombia privatized the
Port of Cartagena. By 2014 it was the 4th largest container hub in
(Econ, 5/17/14, p.33)
1993 Colombia introduced
universal, taxpayer-financed health care.
(Econ, 4/11/20, p.23)
1993 Congo’s Pres. Mobutu
removed Etienne Tshisekedi, the first Zairean to graduate from law
school, from office as prime minister.
(SFC, 3/21/97, p.A19)
1993 In Congo riots killed
hundreds of people and destroyed many businesses.
(SFC, 3/18/97, p.A10)
1993 In Zaire ethnic cleansing
occurred in the Kasai Province.
(WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A22)
1993 In Zaire Mahele Lieko
Bokoungo put down army-led looting in Kinshasa when he gave orders
for loyal troops to fire on looters. Riots killed hundreds of people
and destroyed many businesses.
(SFC, 12/20/96, p.B5)(SFC, 3/18/97, p.A10)
1993 Cuba allowed limited
freedom for small private businesses in 157 spheres of activity.
(Econ, 10/16/04, p.33)
1993 In Cuba the dollar stores
were opened in large part to fight a growing black market in which
goods were traded in dollars without passing through the state's
1993 In Cyprus Glafcos Clerides
(1919-2013) was elected president. He had lost presidential
elections in 1983 and 1988.
1993 The Danish chapter of the
Bandidos motorcycle gang started out as the 666 club, changed its
name to the Morticians, then the Undertakers, and then affiliated in
1993 with the Texas-based Bandidos.
(WSJ, 5/24/96, p.A-4)
1993 In El Salvador along with
the peace accord Pres. Alfredo Cristiani reprivatized the banks and
set himself and a tight circle of friends, secretly called "The
Apostles," in control of the biggest institutions.
(SFC, 8/9/97, p.A1,7)
1993 In El Salvador a
high-interest pyramid scheme bilked some $35 million from thousands
of middle-class investors. The ARENA government of Pres. Cristiani
did not stop it or prosecute those responsible.
(SFC, 8/9/97, p.A7)
1993 Estonia adopted a land
(Econ., 4/4/15, p.23)
1993 Aleksander Einseln
returned to Estonia from the Bay Area and became commander of the
military. He planned to run for parliament in 1999.
(BN, 10/98, p.6)
1993 The Afar Revolutionary
Democratic Unity Front was launched in the land of the Afars, over
territory that straddled Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. The Afars
numbered some 2 million and their territory had previously been
called the French Territory of Afars and Issas.
(Econ, 3/10/07, p.44)
1993 Amin Maalouf (b.1949),
Lebanese writer, won France’s Prix Goncourt for his novel “The Rock
(Econ, 7/5/08, p.91)
1993 French Pres. Mitterrand
moved the offices of the Ministry of Finance out of the Louvre’s
Richelieu Wing to free 245,000 sq. ft. of exhibit space.
(WSJ, 10/7/98, p.A20)
1993 France forbade polygamy as
it tightened immigration laws to stop husbands from bringing extra
wives into the country.
(Econ, 5/8/10, p.55)
1993 France scrapped its
saint-strewn list of acceptable names.
(Econ, 1/14/12, p.59)
1993 Sanofi-Aventis of France
introduced its Ambien sleeping pill to the US.
(SFC, 3/3/06, p.D1)
1993 In Gabon Pres. Bongo
suppressed protests on his re-election victory that was described as
an "electoral coup d’etat."
(WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A22)
1993 Will Tremper, German
journalist, screenwriter and film director, published his
autobiography “My Wild Years."
(SFC, 12/17/98, p.C11)
1993 The documentary film “The
Wonderful, Horrible Life of Leni Riefenstahl" was made by German
director Ray Muller.
(SFC, 1/19/99, p.B1)
1993 Swiss architect Peter
Zumthor won the “Topography of Terror" design competition for the
Wilhelmstrasse government district, former headquarters of the Nazi
police forces. By 2000 the $13 million project had escalated to $35
million and was put on hold.
(SFC, 5/8/00, p.A12)
1993 Peter Eigen (b.1938)
founded the Advisory Council Transparency International, a
Berlin-based global civil society organization leading the fight
1993 Germany passed a 30%
withholding tax on investment income. It caused billions of marks to
flow out of Germany and into Luxembourg.
(WSJ, 6/14/96, p.A10)
1993 Germany passed a law that
limited last names to two in an effort to prevent clunky name
1993 In Germany the
naturalization law of 1913 was modified to allow citizenship after
15 years of residency. A 1999 bill proposed to reduce the waiting
time to 8 years.
(SFC, 5/7/99, p.D2)
1993 In Germany the
Reinheitsgebot law of 1516 was relaxed to allow foreign brewers to
sell their beer in Germany.
(WSJ, 5/27/98, p.A1)
1993 In Germany Neo-Nazi Silvio
Kackowski was arrested for setting fire to a resort complex that was
to become housing for foreign asylum seekers. In 1997 it was learned
that villagers paid the arsonists and supplied them with materials
for the fires.
(SFC, 2/13/97, p.C3)
1993 The German Red Army
Faction (RAF) called an end to its armed struggle.
(WSJ, 1/11/00, p.A8)
1993 In Germany Edmund Stoiber
was elected premier of Bavaria. He announced his resignation in
(Econ, 1/20/07, p.62)
1993 Ferdinand Piech left Audi
and took over operations at Volkswagen, where he turned losses into
profits. He was the grandson of founder Ferdinand Porsche and the
son of the company’s wartime chief, Anton Piech. In 2002 he was
succeeded by Bernd Pischetsrieder. Piech (65) became chairman of
Volkswagen’s supervisory board.
(WSJ, 11/7/96, p.A17)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.70)
1993 Daimler-Benz acquired the
Dutch plane-maker NV Fokker.
(WSJ, 1/26/96, A-6)
1993 The World Bank pumped $4
billion into Ghana and called it an "African economic star."
(WSJ, 1/04/00, p.A18)
1993 In Greece the border with
Albania broke open and hundreds of thousands of illegal immigrants,
mainly Albanian Muslims, poured into the country. A video tape was
recorded that depicted officers of a Greek anti-terrorist squad
assaulting an apparent Albanian immigrant.
(SFC, 11/13/97, p.A12)
1993 In Guatemala rightist
civil patrols killed peasants in Colotenango. 12 members of the
paramilitary unit were later arrested, tried and sentenced in 1999
to 25 years in prison. They were sprung from jail a day after being
(SFC, 4/30/99, p.B1)
1993 In Guinea Lansana Conte
formed a political party and won the country's first multiparty
1993 In Hungary voluntary
pension funds operated by private financial institutions became
(WSJ, 10/21/97, p.A18)
1993 Bjorgolfur Bjorgolfsson
(26) left Iceland and started a soft-drink company in St.
Petersburg, Russia. He later expanded into brewing, banking,
telecommunications and discount pharmaceuticals. By 2006 his stake
in the Iceland-based Actavis Group was valued at $1 billion, making
him Iceland’s first billionaire.
(SFC, 4/1/06, p.C3)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.80)
1993 The Tibet Transit School
near Dharamsala, India, was founded for arrivals from Tibet aged
(Econ, 12/24/05, p.57)
1993 India passed legislation
that banned “manual scavenging," the practice of cleaning feces from
houses that lacked flushing toilets. It also forbade the unplumbed
toilets that necessitated the practice.
(Econ, 7/12/08, p.54)
1993 In Iran new laws withdrew
food coupons and subsidized health insurance from families after the
birth of a 3rd child.
(SFC, 5/15/98, p.D2)
1993 Ireland this year
decriminalized homosexuality and suicide.
(Econ, 6/27/15, p.17)(Econ 6/10/17, p.55)
1993 In Israel Benjamin
Netanyahu won the leadership of the Likud party. He appointed his
aid, Avigdor Lieberman, to manage Likud.
(SFC, 11/25/97, p.A8)
1993 In Israel Yoram Skolnick
fired 9 bullets and killed a captured and bound Arab militant,
Moussa Abu Sabha (21), who had been caught stabbing a Jewish
settler. Skolnick was sentenced to life in prison but was released
(SFC, 2/19/01, p.A10)
1993 Erel Margalit (32) founded
Jerusalem Venture Partners (JVP), an Israeli venture capital firm.
(Econ, 7/8/06, p.60)
1993 A new Jewish Museum opened
(USAT, 9/24/04, p.3D)
1993 Tel Aviv began hosting an
annual gay pride parade.
(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A12)
1993 Italy abolished
parliamentary immunity, however members of parliament could only be
jailed with parliamentary authorization. In 2008 Silvio Berlusconi
restored immunity for himself and three other office holders.
(Econ, 10/24/09, p.63)(Econ, 12/3/16, p.16)
1993 Silvio Berlusconi created
his Forza Italia! party.
(Econ, 11/24/07, p.57)
1993 Antonio Basolino was
elected mayor of Naples. Before his election the post was appointed
by local party leaders. The city had been mired in corruption for
decades and the new mayor began to clean it up.
(SFC, 2/13/98, p.A1, 12)
1993 In Italy a federal law
granted people in illegal dwellings the right to use public
utilities but warned that illegal structures would be demolished.
Demolitions began in 1998.
(SFC, 7/22/00, p.A10)
1993 Antonio Fazio became
governor of the Bank of Italy.
(Econ, 8/6/05, p.58)
1993 Italy’s Fiat Auto SpA
(WSJ, 9/24/04, p.B1)
1993 Maurizio Gucci sold his
remaining stake in Gucci to Investcorp, a Bahraini firm.
(WSJ, 11/5/03, p.A1)
1993 In Jamaica the Blue
Mountains John Crow National park was established.
(SFC, 9/1/96, T5)
1993 Japan’s government lifted
a four-year moratorium on capital punishment.
1993 The government of Japan
approved 7 foreign access zones to promote imports and foreign
(WSJ, 3/27/96, p.B-13)
1993 Japan’s “Kono Statement"
was its first apology for incidents of sexual slavery during WWII.
Yohei Kono was Chief Cabinet Secretary at the time.
(Economist, 9/8/12, p.38)(AP, 6/1/13)
1993 In Japan Shuji Nakamura,
an employee of Nichia Corp., invented the blue light-emitting diode
(LED). In 2001 Nakamura sued Nichia in a patent dispute that later
settled for $7 million.
(Econ, 2/7/04, p.60)(Econ, 9/23/06, TQ p.27)
1993 Jordan lifted press
1993 The Serengeti plain in
northern Tanzania and south-western Kenya experienced a devastating
(Econ, 12/1/12, p.88)
1993 In Lebanon PM Rafik Hariri
launched his Future TV network. In 2005 Hariri was assassinated by a
massive truck bomb.
1993 In Libya Moammar Ghadafi
uncovered a coup attempt and plot to assassinate him by 55 Warfala
army officers. For years afterward Bani Walid, 90 miles (140 km)
southeast of Tripoli, was in official disfavor.
(SFC, 1/3/97, p.A17)(AP, 9/2/11)
1993 Vevcani, Macedonia,
nestled on the forested slopes of the Jablanica mountain about 190
km (120 miles) southwest of the capital Skopje, held its own
referendum on independence, in a move tinged with nationalism after
members of the country's ethnic Albanian minority living nearby did
the same. 96% percent voted in favor of independence, and the
'Republic of Vevcani' was born. Mirte Aluloski drafted the new
1993 In Madagascar Albert Zafy
defeated Didier Ratsiraka to become president. He was impeached
three years later amid accusations of corruption. Zafy ran again in
November 1996, losing this time to Ratsiraka.
1993 In Malawi Vera Chriwa was
released from prison and took up working in legal and human rights
(SFEC, 1/19/96, Par p.5)
1993 Mexico created its Federal
Competition Commission (CFC), an antitrust agency.
(WSJ, 4/21/02, p.A12)
1993 In Mexico Rogelio
Montemayor was elected governor of Coahuila state.
(WSJ, 6/16/99, p.A1)
1993 In Mexico Gen’l. Jose
Francisco Gallardo called for the creation of a human rights
ombudsman within the military. He was jailed in 1993 and
court-martialed in 1998 on charges of corruption, destroying files
and using army funds for personal use. he was sentenced to an
additional 14 years in prison for illegal enrichment after failing
to demonstrate the origin of 1.2 million pesos in his bank accounts.
Gallardo was freed by Pres. Fox in 2002.
(SFC, 3/31/98, p.B3)(SFC, 4/13/98, p.A14)(SFC,
1993 Mexico’s PRI held a secret
meeting with 30 major industrialists who committed a total of $750
million to finance the presidential campaign in 1994.
(WSJ, 4/19/96, p.A-11)
1993 In Mexico Joaquin Guzman
Loera (aka "El Chapo"), head of the Sinaloa cartel, was arrested. In
2001 he escaped from the maximum-security prison in Jalisco state.
(Econ, 9/18/10, p.105)
1993 In Mexico Raul Salinas and
Jose Madariaga cashed out of their $4.4 million investment in
Mexicana de Autobuses SA for $36 million.
(WSJ, 8/7/96, p.A10)
1993 In Mexico El Barzon, which
means "The Yoke," began as a farm movement opposed to high interest
rates on loans. It was founded by Maximiano Barbosa.
1993 Mexico’s Carlos Peralta
closed a 1.04 billion deal for a 42% investment from Bell Atlantic
Corp. of the US.
(WSJ, 1/30/96, p.A-11)(WSJ, 8/7/96, p.A10)
1993 In Mexico’s Baja the San
Ignacio Lagoon and Laguna Ojo de Liebre were deemed a Natural World
Heritage Site. The area was a spawning site for gray whales.
(SFEM, 5/7/00, p.8)
1993 Morocco’s King Hassan II
set up a commission to review the legal status of women.
(WSJ, 8/10/04, p.B1)
1993 In Myanmar the Mong Tai
Army took up arms against the government.
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)
1993 In Myanmar the pro-junta
Union Solidarity and Development Association (USDA) was formed.
(Econ, 4/12/08, p.28)
1993 In Kathmandu, Nepal, there
was a ban on the sale of diesel-run three wheelers due to the smog.
The ban led to the development of a fleet of electric
(WSJ, 5/31/00, p.B1)
1993 A family in the
Netherlands was found to have an abnormally high number of violent
criminals. The criminal members were found to have a faulty gene
that caused the absence of the enzyme monoamine oxidase A, an enzyme
that regulates a group of neurotransmitters including serotonin and
dopamine. Both of these were important for emotional responses.
(Econ, 12/23/06, Survey p.6)
1993 Shell Oil stopped pumping
oil in the Ogoni Province, but continued to use pipelines that pass
through it. The Ogonis are a 500,000-strong community in
southwestern Nigeria. They maintain that oil production has polluted
their land, destroying their livelihoods of fishing and farming.
Shell canceled several community development projects. It had
earlier agreed to spend $29 million per year on such projects. In
2011 a UN report said it could take 30 years and at least $1 billion
to rid the poisoned mangroves of a black carpet of crude.
(WSJ, 10/14/95, p.A-11)(WSJ, 11/15/95,
p.A-1)(WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-16)(Econ, 8/13/11, p.46)
1993 In Norway Labor's Gro
Harlem Brundtland won re-election.
1993 Norway legalized gay
(SFC, 6/28/96, p.A14)
1993 Norway resumed the hunting
of minke whales after a six-year self-imposed moratorium.
(SFC, 5/9/98, p.A7)
1993 Pakistan halted the
repatriation process of Urdu speakers from Bangladesh, saying it did
not have the money or land to house them. This left some 250,000
refugees and their descendants to languish in 70 government-run
camps across Bangladesh.
1993 Greg Mortenson of Bozeman,
Montana, first visited Pakistan to climb K2, the world’s 2nd highest
peak. He failed in climbing the mountain but became interested in
the region. In 1996 he built a school in Korphe, Pakistan, the first
many. By 2008 he had built 55 schools and authored the memoir:
“Three Cups of Tea: One Man’s Extraordinary Journey to promote
Peace… One School at a Time" (2006). In 2011 a 60 Minute TV report
said most of his story appears to have been fabricated.
(http://tinyurl.com/42ffko2)(SSFC, 4/6/03, Par
p.5)(Econ, 5/3/08, p.92)
1993 In Peru a new constitution
was narrowly approved that allowed Fujimori to seek a 2nd 5-year
term. It prohibited a 3rd term but 3 years later legislation was
passed that excluded Fujimori from the restriction because his term
began before the document was written.
(SFC, 12/20/96, p.B4)(SFC, 12/28/99, p.B2)
1993 Peru ratified the Int’l.
Labor Organization’s convention on indigenous peoples.
(Econ, 9/3/11, p.36)
1993 In Peru General Rodolfo
Robles accused intelligence chief Vladimiro Montesinos of heading a
government backed depth squad. The investigation was stone-walled by
the government-loyal Congress.
(SFC, 9/17/96, p.A11)
1993 The name "disco polo" was
coined in 1993 by Sławomir Skręta, the owner of a record label Blue
Star in Reguły, near Warsaw. The genre originated from music played
in the 1980s at weddings by bands with a repertoire of Polish folk
music and wedding songs.
1993 In the Republic of Congo
Pres. Lissouba signed a $150 million oil agreement with Occidental
Petroleum. He was convicted in 2001 in absentia for selling oil at
low prices and in part for personal gain.
(SFC, 12/29/01, p.A6)
1993 Russia signed the Chemical
Weapons Convention and ratified it in 1996.
(SFC, 9/5/98, p.A12)
1993 Russia annulled an
agreement obliging it to come to the aid of North Korea in case of
(SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-9)
1993 In Russia the state
legislature of Primorye appointed Yevgeny Nazdratenko to govern the
territory. He was then a director of an ore-processing factory and a
member of the Supreme Soviet. His corruption later became legendary.
(SFC, 9/25/97, p.A11)
1993 In Russia some 30
journalists broke from the Komsomolskaya Pravda newspaper and formed
Novaya Gazeta. Early success came with support from Mikhail
Gorbachev, but lack of funds forced the paper to close briefly in
(WSJ, 12/8/06, p.A1)
1993 Gleb Yakunin (d.2014), a
dissident Russian Orthodox priest, was defrocked for ignoring a ban
on priests running for elections in the post-Soviet Russian
parliament. He served for two years. Four years later, he was
excommunicated for unspecified reasons.
1993 Saudi wheat production,
part of a self-sufficiency program, grew from a few thousand tons on
the mid 1970s to 4.5 million tons. The production was having a
negative impact on water reserves and production was cut.
(SFC, 3/29/97, p.A10)(Econ, 5/23/09, p.62)
1993 In Serbia Vuk Draskovich
was branded as a traitor by Bosnian Serbs when he rejected the war
and was jailed and badly beaten by Milosevic’s security forces.
(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A14)
1993 Gen. Zivota Panic (d.2003
at 70), Serbian Army chief of staff, was removed from his post and
retired following corruption reports.
(SFC, 11/21/03, p.A22)
1993 In Slovakia Michal Kovac
was elected president.
(SFC, 5/29/97, p.A13)
1993 The Slovak people never
voted on the 1993 split with the Czechs.
(WSJ, 4/26/96, p.A-1)
1993 In Somalia Osama Bin Laden
was suspected of supplying weapons to shoot down American
(SFC, 8/17/98, p.A12)
1993 In Somaliland clan leaders
chose Mohamed Ibrahim Egal as President.
(SFC, 8/16/96, p.A18)
1993 In South Africa a group of
Black entrepreneurs founded the BASA Educational Institute Trust to
establish and run formal independent primary and secondary schools.
1993 South Africa renounced its
biological weapons program.
(SSFC, 4/20/03, p.A16)
1993 In South Africa Wouter
Basson was forced to resign from the army after a government report
linked him with making poisons and chemical bombs for the army. In
1998 it was revealed that an army project plotted to poison Nelson
Mandela with Thallium to induce brain damage.
(SFC, 6/11/98, p.A11)
1993 In South Africa Petrus
Matthews testified in 1998 how he and 8 members of the neo-Nazi
Afrikaner Resistance Movement erected a bogus roadblock to kill ANC
supporters. The pulled over 2 carloads of blacks and shot the
victims in a ditch.
(SFC, 6/1/98, p.A9)
1993 In South Africa an attack
on St. James Church in Capetown by the ultra-radical Azanian
People’s Liberation Army under commander Daniel Mofokeng left 11
people dead. Mofokeng in 1997 refused to either regret or apologize
for the killings before the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
(SFC, 10/8/97, p.A10)
1993 In South Korea Chung Ju
Yung, founder of Hyundai Group, was prosecuted and found guilty of
violating election laws. His 3-year sentence was suspended.
(WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A11)
1993 A national hydrological
plan was proposed by Spain’s Socialist government.
(Econ, 1/10/04, p.45)
1993 Fredrik Reinfeldt (28)
authored “The Sleeping People," in which he said that Swedes were
mentally handicapped and indoctrinated to believe that politicians
can create and guarantee welfare. In 2006 he led a 4-party center
right alliance to oust the Social Democrats.
(Econ, 9/23/06, p.61)
1993 Sweden privatized Posten
AB, its postal network.
(Econ, 1/20/07, p.76)
1993 In Sweden 97,008 people
died this year from the seasonal influenza.
1993 Taiwan began to allow
tourists to visit the Kinmen, a small island nestled against the
Chinese coast. Chinese tourists were excluded. The island was ringed
with minefields and occupied by 10,000 Taiwanese troops.
(Econ, 1/15/05, Survey p.8)
1993 In Tanzania the government
invited Ocelot and TransCanada Pipelines to transport natural gas
from the Indian Ocean island of Songo Songo. It was to be completed
(WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A6)
1993 In Tanzania in a
privatization drive part of the government stake in Safari beer was
sold to a South African company.
(WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A1)
1993 In Tanzania Monique A.
Maddy (31) launched her African Communications Group. The plan was
to establish a voice-mail only communications system using wireless
hardware. By 1998 the operation grew to 1,000 wireless phones and 55
employees with plans for expansion to Ghana and Sri Lanka.
(WSJ, 9/25/98, p.B1)
1993 In East Timor Konis
Santana (d.1998) took over leadership of the guerrilla Fretilin
Party after the arrest and jailing of Xanana Gusmao.
(SFC, 3/31/98, p.B3)
1993 In Togo Pres. Gnassinghe
Eyadema conducted an election that was so riddled with fraud that
the opposition refused to compete.
(WSJ, 12/10/96, p.A22)
1993 European donors suspended
most aid to Togo.
(Econ, 2/12/05, p.48)
1993 The London-based Privy
Council ruled that executions cannot take place move than 5 years
after sentencing. For Trinidad and Tobago to overrule this required
a constitutional amendment, which in turn required a three-quarters
majority in parliament.
(Econ, 2/12/11, p.46)
1993 Tansu Ciller, a US trained
economist, was elected as the Prime Minister of Turkey.
(WSJ, 10/16/95, p. A-1)
1993 Turkey sealed its land
frontier with Armenia after it seized the province of
Nagorno-Karabakh from their Azeri cousins. Direct air travel was
(Econ, 6/17/06, p.59)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.53)
1993 In Turkey in the Anatolian
city of Sivas, a fire, set by a mob shouting Islamic slogans, killed
37 secular writers. In 1997 33 people sere sentenced to death for
their roles in the mob attack.
(SFC, 7/3/97, p.C2)
1993 Ronald Muwenda Mutebi
returned to Buganda, Uganda, as titular King.
(WSJ, 12/19/94, A-1,6)
1993 UN members made a
declaration that the promotion and protection of human rights is a
legitimate concern of the int’l. community.
(SFC, 10/15/97, p.C2)
1993 The UN International
Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) began a database to count incidents of
(Econ, 10/04/08, p.65)
1993 Rafael Caldera was elected
president of Venezuela and promised not to increase fuel costs.
(WSJ, 4/15/96, p.A-14)
1993 Vietnam gave many farmers
20-year usage rights on farmland. By 2013 many local officials were
seizing farmland for development projects.
(Econ, 3/16/13, p.42)
1993 Vietnamese border
crossings with China were opened for trade.
(SFC, 12/14/98, p.A12)
1993 In Vietnam Jimmy Tran was
sentenced to 20 years in prison for plotting to explode bombs in Ho
Chi Minh City. He was released in a 1998 amnesty.
(SFC, 9/2/98, p.A9)
1993 The Welsh Language Act
established a Board having the function of promoting and
facilitating the use of the Welsh language.
1993 In Yemen the first
elections after the 1990 unification were held.
(WSJ, 3/28/97, p.A1)
1993-1993 Kim Campbell, Progressive Conservative,
served as the 19th Prime Minister of Canada.
(CFA, '96, p.81)
1993-1994 Sep-Feb, In the US White House
officials, Craig Livingstone and Anthony Marceca, obtained 407
sensitive FBI files on prominent Republicans. Livingstone was the
appointed director of the White House Office of Personnel Security,
and Marceca was on loan from the Pentagon as an Army civilian
investigator. The number of files was later increased to over 700.
(SFC, 6/21/96, p.A3)(SFC, 6/22/96, p.A3)(USAT,
1993-1994 Jim Campbell created his work "Shadow
(for Heisenberg)." The image of a bronze Buddha, enclosed in a glass
cube, appeared to change as the viewer moved in and out.
(SFC, 7/11/98, p.B10)
1993-1994 Home Improvement was the top ranking
network show on television with a ranking of 21.9%
(WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)
1993-1994 Members of the Canadian 12th Armored
Regiment were assigned to protect the Bakovici mental hospital in
Bosnia. Later 57 members were accused of various abuses that
included sex, drinking, and patient abuse.
(SFC, 1/18/96, p.A8)
1993-1994 Mladen Naletilic commanded a gang of
convicts who terrorized Muslims in southwestern Bosnia. In 2000
Croatia handed over Naletilic, a Bosnian Croat indicted in 1998 on
17 counts of war crimes, to the UN tribunal.
(SFC, 3/22/00, p.A12)
1993-1993 In China investments grew at an annual
rate of 60%, GDP peaked at over 15%, and inflation hit 28%.
(Econ, 4/17/04, p.71)
1993-1995 R. James Woolsey served as head of the
(SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F5)
1993-1996 In 1996 Turkey’s former PM Tansu Ciller
was accused of enriching herself by $50 million through links with
criminal gangs over this time.
(SFC, 1/18/96, p.A10)
1993-1996 Turkey spent $50 million on drug dealers
and assassins to kill a Kurdish rebel leader and others considered
threats to the state. Abdullah Ocalan, a Kurdish rebel leader in
Syria, was targeted as was Dursun Karatas, a leftist terrorist in
(SFC, 1/24/98, p.A8)
1993-1996 In Cambodia the Khmer Rouge remained
active in the countryside. They killed 100 Vietnamese settlers,
abducted villagers for forces labor and kidnapped westerners.
(SFC, 6/14/97, p.A15)
1993-1999 Attila Ambrus, Romanian-born hockey
player, robbed 29 banks in Hungary. In 2004 Julian Rubinstein
authored “Ballad of the Whiskey Robber: A True Story of Bank Heists,
Ice Hockey, Transylvanian Pelt Smuggling, Moonlighting Detectives
and Broken Hearts."
(SSFC, 10/3/04, p.M6)
1993-1999 Ong Teng Cheong (d.2002 at 66) of the
people’s Action Party served as president of Singapore.
(SFC, 2/9/02, p.A22)
1993-2000 Bill Clinton became the 42nd President
of the US and Al Gore his Vice-President.
1993-2001 An estimated 300 sex killings of young
women took place in the Juarez area along the US border, across from
El Paso. In 2002 Lourdes Portillo, filmmaker, completed a
documentary on the killings: "Senorita Extraviada" (Missing Young
(SFC, 3/11/99, p.A12)
1993-2002 Paul Martin served as Canada’s finance
(Econ, 1/1/05, p.39)
1993-2004 In Greece the socialist Pasok political
party held power.
(Econ, 9/13/08, p.60)
1993-2004 The proportion of Vietnam’s population
that the government deemed poor fell from 58% in 1993 to 20% in
(Econ, 11/26/05, p.49)
1993-2005 In India pollution on the Yamuna River
doubled and continued to rise. The river extended 855 miles from the
Himalaya Mountains to the Ganges. New Delhi with 15 million
inhabitants dumped 57% of its waste into the Yamuna.
(SFC, 7/27/07, p.A17)