Timeline Dagestan

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Avars in Dagestan: http://www.prayway.com/unreached/peoplegroups3/75.html
History: http://www.dgu.ru/english/dagestan/
Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dagestan

c600-700    Dagestan, formerly a part of Caucasian Albania, came under Arab domination and the population converted to Islam.
    (SFC, 8/14/99, p.A10)

900-1500    Rule over Dagestan passed from the Arabs to the Seljuk Turks to the Mongols and the Golden Horde.
    (SFC, 8/14/99, p.A10)

c1500-1700    The Ottoman Empire ruled the Dagestan region.
    (SFC, 8/14/99, p.A10)

c1700-1800    Persians took control of the Dagestan region.
    (SFC, 8/14/99, p.A10)

1832        Oct, Russian soldiers besieged the village of Gimry in the mountains of Dagestan in an effort to capture Gazi-Muhammad, the first imam of the Caucasus Imamate. Gimry was killed but his follower, Imam Shamil, escaped.
    (Econ, 7/4/15, p.42)

1919        The people of Dagestan supported the Bolshevik Revolution and Lenin promised them autonomy.
    (SFC, 8/14/99, p.A10)

1987        Aug, Magomedali Magomedov (b.1930) became chairman of Dagestans State Council. Under his rule (1987-2006) the government was run as a family business and police served clan interests.
    (Econ, 7/25/05, p.44)(http://rulers.org/russdiv.html)

1996        Jan 10, Chechen rebels seized as many as 3,000 hostages in the Russian Republic of Dagestan.
    (WSJ, 1/2/97, p.R2)

1996        Jan 15, Risking the lives of more than 100 hostages in an effort to wipe out their Chechen rebel captors, the Russian military hurled rockets and shells at the tiny village of Pervomayskaya, at the border of Dagestan and Chechnya.
    (WSJ, 1/16/96, p. A-1)(AP, 1/15/01)

1996         Jan 22, The Chechen rebel leader escaped from Dagestan along with many fighters and hostages.
    (WSJ, 1/23/96, p.A-1)

1997        Jul 8, In Dagestan a bomb blew up on a bus carrying Russian border police and 9 officers were killed. Sporadic violence continued along with kidnappings.
    (SFC, 7/9/97, p.A8)

1998        Jan 8, Two Swedish missionaries, Daniel and Paulina Brolin, were kidnapped in Dagestan. They were released in June.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.C8)

1999        Aug 7, In Russia Islamic fighters based in Chechnya seized at least 2 village in Dagestan. Warlords Shamil Basayev and Wahabi commander Amir Khattab (Hattab) were reported to be involved. The Wahabis are a puritan branch of Sunni Islam founded in the 18th century in Saudi Arabia.
    (SFEC, 8/8/99, p.A20)(Econ, 4/9/11, p.28)

1999        Aug 8, In southern Russia federal forces opened fire from the ground and air on Islamic militants in Dagestan. Prime minister Stepashin was in the capital Makhachkala. The state is home to some 33 ethnic groups including Wahhabi militants backed by Chechen commanders. Shamil Basayev, a Chechen militant, declared Dagestan an independent Islamic state within days of seizing several villages.
    (SFC, 8/9/99, p.A11)(SFC, 8/14/99, p.A10)

1999        Aug 10, In Dagestan the Interior Ministry said 44 militants were killed and 80 wounded in fighting with Russian forces.
    (SFC, 8/11/99, p.A12)

1999        Aug 13, Izvestia confirmed that 4 Russian helicopters were destroyed in Dagestan and that an SU-24 fighter plane was damaged.
    (SFC, 8/14/99, p.A10)

1999        Aug 14, Russia bombed guerrilla bases in Dagestan as 4 Russian soldiers were killed and 13 wounded.
    (SFEC, 8/15/99, p.A24)

1999        Aug 18, Russian forces lost 8 soldiers in Dagestan as they tried to storm Tando village.
    (SFC, 8/19/99, p.D10)

1999        Aug 19, Russian troops failed to take the village of Tando in Dagestan and lost another 18 soldiers and 3 helicopters.
    (SFC, 8/20/99, p.A18)

1999        Aug 24, In Dagestan rebel forces pulled back and Russian forces took control of 5 villages that had been seized 3 weeks earlier.
    (SFC, 8/25/99, p.A17)

1999        Aug 30, Russia reported four soldiers killed and 5 wounded from fighting in Dagestan.
    (WSJ, 8/31/99, p.A1)

1999        Sep 4, In Dagestan a car bomb killed at least 22 people at a Russian military housing block in Buinaksk. The death toll son expanded to 64. Russian officials believed that Khattab, a Jordanian operating in Chechnya, ordered the bombing. In 2000 5 suspects were charged in the bombing. In 2001 six men were convicted. In 2004 Magomed Salikhov was arrested in Baku for his role in the bombing. In Feb, 2006, Salikhov was acquitted of organizing the explosion, but was sentenced to over 4 years in prison for membership a rebel group. The Russian Supreme Court overturned the acquittal on June 15 and ordered the investigation to be reopened. A Dagestan jury acquitted Salikhov on Nov 10.
    (SFC, 9/6/99, p.A12)(SFC, 9/7/99, p.A12)(SFC, 9/8/99, p.A16)(SFC, 8/5/00, p.C1)(SFC, 3/20/01, p.A11)(AP, 11/13/04)(AP, 6/15/06)(AP, 11/11/06)

1999        Sep 5, In Dagestan several thousand rebels began a 2nd siege from Chechnya.
    (SFC, 9/6/99, p.A12)

1999        Sep 6, In Dagestan Russian forces used artillery and air power against rebel guerrillas and 2 dozen people were killed on the Chechen side of the border. Fighting in NoIvolakskoye left 14 soldiers dead.
    (SFC, 9/7/99, p.A12)

1999        Sep 9, In Dagestan Russia lost a Su-25 combat jet.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.D4)

1999        Sep 12, In Dagestan Russian troops seized control of the villages of Karamakhi and Chabanmakhi.
    (SFC, 9/13/99, p.A13)

1999        Sep 16, Pres. Yeltsin ordered the Dagestan border sealed against the 1,500 Chechen militants massed there.
    (WSJ, 9/17/99, p.A1)

1999        Sep 18, Russian forces attacked rebel targets in Chechnya to prevent guerrilla raids in Dagestan.
    (SFEC, 9/19/99, p.A1)

2000         Nov 11, A Dagestan Airlines jet was hijacked. The Russian plane was forced to and in Israel with 58 people aboard. Pres. Barak, enroute to Washington, returned to handle the crises. The hijacker surrendered and the plane was returned to Moscow.
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, p.A22)(SFC, 11/13/00, p.A12)

2002        May 9, In Russia a terrorist bomb killed at least 41 people including 13 children in Kaspiisk, Dagestan.
    (SFC, 5/10/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/10/02, p.A1)(SFC, 5/11/02, p.A12)

2002        Aug 12, Arjan Erkel, a Dutch aid worker for Doctors Without Borders, was kidnapped and beaten in Dagestan. He was released Easter Sunday in 2005 following a $1 million ransom.
    (WSJ, 9/22/05, p.A1)

2003        Jul 17, In Russia's Dagestan region a shrapnel-filled bomb exploded near a police station, killing at least four people and injuring 18 others.
    (AP, 7/17/03)

2003        Aug 11, Gunmen killed Nadirshakh Khachilayev, a former lawmaker, in Makhachkala, capital of Dagestan. In 1998 his armed supporters were accused of seizing a Dagestani government building during a violent anti-government raid and Russia's parliament voted to lift his immunity.
    (AP, 8/12/03)

2003        Nov 3, Rasul Gamzatov, Dagestan poet, died in Moscow. He wrote in Avar, a language spoken by some 500,000 people in Dagestan. He also wrote the prose work "My Dagestan."
    (SFC, 11/4/03, p.A21)

2003        Dec 15, At least 25 gunmen crossed from Chechnya into the Russian region of Dagestan, killing at least 3 border guards and seizing hostages in a remote mountain village.
    (AP, 12/15/03)

2003        Dec 16, Chechen rebels, who fought their way into the neighboring Dagestan region and occupied a village, released all their hostages and fled, avoiding capture.
    (AP, 12/16/03)

2004        Mar 2, Russian authorities said they have confirmed that a man killed in the Dagestan region a few days earlier was Ruslan Gelayev, one of the Chechnya's most powerful rebel warlords.
    (AP, 3/2/04)

2005        Jan 15, Gunmen shot and killed three police officers as authorities stormed a house in Kaspiisk, a port on the Caspian Sea in the Russian province of Dagestan. Riot police and other security forces besieged a house in the provincial capital, Makhachkala, where gunmen were hiding and one officer was killed.
    (AP, 1/16/05)

2005        Feb 16, In southern Russia a car bomb killed 3 people outside a government building in Dagestan.
    (WSJ, 2/17/05, p.A1)

2005        Apr 19, A car exploded in the southern Russian region of Dagestan, killing two people in what investigators believe was a botched attempt to kill a local prosecutor.
    (AP, 4/19/05)

2005        May 20, A bomb exploded in an apartment building in southern Russia's Dagestan region, killing the area's minister for ethnic relations and his bodyguard.
    (AP, 5/21/05)

2005        May 31, In Dagestan a police bus was bombed in Makhachkala and 7 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 7/29/05, p.A11)

2005        Jun 25, In Dagestan, Russia, 4 explosions aimed at police vehicles and transportation links, including one that derailed a cargo train, wounded eight people.
    (AP, 6/26/05)

2005        Jun 28, In Dagestan, Russia, a writer and critic of the Islamist movement was shot to death in Makhachkala.
    (WSJ, 7/29/05, p.A11)

2005        Jul 1, In Dagestan, Russia, a bomb in Makhachkala killed 10 Russian troops.
    (WSJ, 7/29/05, p.A11)

2005        Jul 5, In the southern Russian region of Dagestan an explosion tore through a police post, killing at least one officer and wounding 3.
    (AP, 7/5/05)

2005        Jul 6, A shootout between police and gunmen with automatic weapons left a bystander and two of the gunmen dead in the southern Russian region of Dagestan.
    (AP, 7/6/05)

2005        Jul 26, In Dagestan, Russia, the head of traffic police in Izberbash was killed at a traffic stop.
    (WSJ, 7/29/05, p.A11)

2005        Aug 20, A bomb detonated by remote control killed at least three police officers in the troubled southern Russian region of Dagestan and wounded several more.
    (AP, 8/20/05)

2005        Sep 2, A bomb exploded in a pile of garbage in the capital of the southern Russian region of Dagestan, killing a serviceman and wounding five others who had been searching for explosives.
    (AP, 9/2/05)

2005        Nov 2, Police in the troubled Russian region of Dagestan killed Makhach Mamashev, a militant leader, and detained eight fighters in an operation near the Chechen border.
    (AP, 11/3/05)

2005        Dec 29, A man blew himself up in what appeared to be an attempted suicide bombing near a mosque in the Russian province of Dagestan, killing himself and injuring another person.
    (AP, 12/29/05)

2006        Aug 8, A car bomb killed a prosecutor in Dagestan, Russia, and two police were shot dead as they arrived on the scene.
    (AP, 8/8/06)

2006        Aug 26, In Russia's Dagestan region police surrounded a home and exchanged gunfire with suspected militants, killing four and wounding a woman who was with the gunmen.
    (AP, 8/27/06)

2006        Nov 26, Abu Khavs, a Jordanian who commanded foreign mercenaries in Chechnya and was reportedly al-Qaida's top emissary in the troubled North Caucasus, died along with 4 other militants in a shootout with police in Dagestan.
    (AP, 11/26/06)

2007        Aug 3, About 50 women occupied a central square in Makhachkala, Dagestan, declaring a hunger strike and vowing not to leave until authorities tell them what happened to their missing children. The president of Dagestan, Mukhu Aliev, admitted last month that 76 people have been kidnapped so far this year in Dagestan. In six of those cases, the abductors wore camouflage uniforms similar to those worn by law enforcement officers.
    (AP, 8/4/07)

2007        Aug 23, In Dagestan, Russia, gunmen ambushed security forces, killing three people and wounding 17.
    (AP, 8/24/07)

2007        Oct 23, A bomb courier accidentally blew up a taxi in Russia's Dagestan region, killing herself and wounding eight other people.
    (AP, 10/23/07)

2007        Dec 11, A judge from the top court in southern Russia's violence-plagued Dagestan region was fatally shot by an unidentified attacker. Dagestan Supreme Court Justice Kurban Pashayev was shot more than 10 times with a pistol in the entranceway of his apartment building in the provincial capital, Makhachkala. In Ingushetia an 18-year-old rookie in an elite police unit was fatally shot by attackers who fired at him at close range from a passing car as he was walking home after work.
    (AP, 12/11/07)

2008        Mar 14, Russian forces raided a forest camp in the volatile North Caucasus province of Dagestan, leading to a shootout in which six suspected militants, a police officer and an Interior Ministry servicemen died.
    (AP, 3/14/08)

2008        Jun 9, A soldier and a police officer were killed when unidentified gunmen fired at a train carrying troops from Chechnya that had pulled in to the town of Khasavyurt in the republic of Dagestan.
    (AP, 6/9/08)

2008        Jun 12, In Dagestan, a remote-controlled bomb killed a jogger in a park in the capital, Makhachkala. A passerby was injured and taken to hospital. Police said the explosive device was packed with shrapnel.
    (Reuters, 6/13/08)

2008        Jun 28, Police in Russias Dagestan province killed three suspected militants, including a woman.
    (AP, 6/29/08)

2008        Jul 5, Dagestan's Interior Ministry says three policemen were wounded when a bomb went off near their vehicle in the town of Khasavyurt.
    (AP, 7/5/08)

2008        Sep 2, In Russia's troubled North Caucasus journalist Telman Alishaev was shot in Dagestan. Islamic TV reporter Telman Alishaev died at a hospital in Makhachkala the next day. Journalist Miloslav Bitokov was left with a fractured skull after a beating in Nalchik, Kabardino-Balkariya. Police and co-workers said the two men were likely targeted for their work.
    (AP, 9/3/08)

2008        Sep 4, Russian troops killed 5 suspected Muslim rebels in Dagestan.
    (WSJ, 9/5/08, p.A1)

2008        Sep 3, In Dagestan journalist Abdullah Alishayev died one day after he was attacked by armed gunmen.

2009        Mar 21, In Dagestan 3 days of intense fighting between police and insurgents in a wooded area ended with five officers and about a dozen militants left dead.
    (AP, 3/22/09)

2009        Jun 9, Russias Pres. Medvedev visited Dagestan. He went to police bases and reviewed troops, lavishly covered by state-controlled TV. Medvedev blamed what he called foreign "freaks" for inciting the violence. Hours after Medvedev left Dagestan, a riot police officer was shot and killed as he headed home after work not far from a base where Medvedev had watched counterterrorism exercises. In another part of the Dagestan capital, a road police officer was killed after trying to stop a car to check documents.
    (AP, 6/10/09)

2009        Jun 10, In southern Dagestan a group of 10 gunmen attacked a police post with automatic weapons and mortars, battling police troops for more than an hour. The gunmen later escaped into the forested mountains.
    (AP, 6/10/09)

2009        Jun 27, In Dagestan Interior Ministry troops patrolling a village south of Makhachkala clashed with a group of 10 gunmen who tried to hole up in village houses, but were driven into surrounding hillsides. A police officer was killed. Officials then called in helicopter gunships and armored vehicles to shell the forests where the gunmen hid out. Troops sweeping the forest the next morning found the bodies of four gunmen.
    (AP, 6/28/09)

2009        Jul 13, In Russia 5 suspected militants and two law enforcement officers were killed in separate attacks in the south. The militants were killed in two separate gunbattles in Chechnya, while Interior Ministry troops in Dagestan died in an ambush by insurgents.
    (AP, 7/13/09)

2009        Aug 2, In Dagestan militants shot and killed a police officer. In Ingushetia militants killed three government workers.
    (AP, 8/2/09)

2009        Aug 13, In Dagestan some 10 men opened fire on a police post in Buinaksk, killing 4 officers. The gunmen then entered a sauna complex nearby and killed 7 women working there.
    (SFC, 8/15/09, p.A3)

2009        Aug 14, In Dagestan gunmen killed 2 traffic police officers in Makhachkala. 3 suspected militants were killed in a separate episode.
    (SFC, 8/15/09, p.A3)

2009        Aug 28, Dagestan police killed three militants who had opened fire on a police post in Makhachkala, the capital. A policeman was shot dead in a separate attack in the capital.
    (AP, 8/28/09)

2009        Sep 12, In Dagestan security forces besieged a home and killed four alleged militants.
    (AP, 9/12/09)

2009        Nov 13, In Dagestan, east of Chechnya, a bomb blast at a village cemetery killed three civilians, the widow, sister and daughter of a police officer who was among the victims of nearly daily attacks on law enforcement authorities in the province.
    (AP, 11/14/09)

2009        Dec 16, In Dagestan, Russia, police killed three suspected militants in a clash.
    (AP, 12/17/09)

2010        Jan 6, In Russia a suicide bomber blew up an explosives-packed car at a police station in Dagestan province, killing six officers and wounding at least 16 people on the outskirts of Makhachkala. Investigators determined that the homemade bomb packed into the Niva, a small Russian-made SUV, was equivalent to 80 to 100 km (175 to 220 pounds) of TNT.
    (AP, 1/6/10)

2010        Jan 7, Russian police in Dagestan killed two suspected militants in a counterterrorism operation launched in response to a suicide blast that took the lives of six officers. One of the slain militants was named as Ismail Ichakayev, a man reportedly wanted for masterminding several bombings and other attacks on officials.
    (AP, 1/7/10)

2010        Jan 9, In Dagestan a car with three men inside exploded during a shootout with police in the Kumtorkala district. The men were part of a local terrorist group and were transporting explosives.
    (AP, 1/10/10)

2010        Jan 10, In Dagestan 2 militants were gunned down in the provincial capital, Makhachkala, after police surrounded and stormed a house where a group of wanted terrorists was hiding.
    (AP, 1/10/10)

2010        Jan 23, Russian PM Vladimir Putin declared that peace has returned to North Caucasus, the center of a growing Islamist insurgency, and called for the region's economy to be rebuilt. He also ordered officials in the North Caucasus to ensure what he called the "normal work" of human rights groups operating in the volatile region.
    (Reuters, 1/23/10)(AP, 1/23/10)

2010        Feb, In Dagestan the Makhachkala police chief died when his car was strafed with automatic weapons. Two doctors were charged in the killing. On Nov 28, 2012, Nov. 28, Dr. Marat Gunashev had just put a patient under anesthesia when law enforcement agents appeared in the operating room and took him away, refusing to allow him to finish the operation. Dr. Shamil Gasanov was preparing to operate in another part of the hospital when a group of men came in and asked to talk to him outside. Gasanovs decapitated body was later returned to his relatives.
    (AP, 12/19/12)

2010        Mar 31, In southern Russia 2 suicide bombers, including one impersonating a police officer, killed 12 people in Dagestan. PM Vladimir Putin said the blasts may have been organized by the same militants who attacked the Moscow subway. Russian police broke up anti-Kremlin protests in Moscow and St. Petersburg, detaining dozens of demonstrators who had defied bans in holding the rallies.
    (AP, 3/31/10)
2010        Mar 31, In Dagestan 2 suicide bombers struck near the border with Chechnya, killing 12 people.
    (AP, 4/2/10)

2010        Apr 1, An explosion near Dagestan's border with Chechnya killed two suspected militants.
    (AP, 4/3/10)

2010        Apr 2, The Russian Kommersant newspaper reported that Dzhanet Abdurakhmanova (17) of Dagestan, a widow of a slain Islamist rebel, was one of the two female suicide bombers who attacked Moscow's subway on March 31. Her husband, Umalat Magomedov, was described as an Islamist militant leader killed by government forces in December. The paper said the 2nd subway bomber has been has been tentatively identified as Markha Ustarkhanova  (20) from Chechnya, the widow of a militant leader killed last October while he was preparing to assassinate Chechen Pres. Ramzan Kadyrov. The 2nd female was later identified as Maryam Sharipova (28), a teacher from Dagestan.
    (AP, 4/2/10)(AP, 4/6/10)

2010        Apr 3, In Dagestan 3 militants there opened fire on police in a drive-by shooting, killing one and injuring another.
    (AP, 4/3/10)

2010        Apr 4, In Dagestan 2 powerful explosions derailed a cargo train but no one was injured.
    (AP, 4/4/10)

2010        Apr 20, In Dagestan assailants gunned down two traffic policemen who pulled over their car in the provincial capital, Makhachkala.
    (AP, 4/20/10)

2010        May 13, In Dagestan 5 repairmen on their way to fix a cell phone tower in the southern province of Russia were killed in an explosion and subsequent gun attack.
    (AP, 5/13/10)

2010        Jun 16, In Russias North Caucasus region 4 policemen were killed and 3 wounded in the Kostek village in the province of Dagestan during a siege that left five militants dead. In a separate incident, four gunmen were killed after they refused police orders to pull over and opened fire on the officers. Two police died in further attacks, one in Dagestan and another in the nearby Kabardino-Balkaria province.
    (AP, 6/16/10)

2010        Jul 12, In Russia's Dagestan region gunmen killed two policemen in separate shootings, including Lt. Rasul Magomedov, whose father, mother and sister died in previous attacks.
    (AP, 7/13/10)

2010        Jul 15, In Makhachkala, Dagestan, Artur Suleimanov, a bishop for the Russian evangelical denomination Osanna. was killed in a shooting. 2 militants were killed by police in a clash in the town of Khasavyurt the previous day.
    (AP, 7/16/10)

2010        Jul 24, In southern Russia gunmen opened fire on security guards at a provincial food market in the city of Samara, killing at least two and wounding at least five other people. 3 soldiers in Dagestan were killed when assailants attacked their convoy in a drive-by shooting.
    (AP, 7/24/10)

2010        Aug 1, In Dagestan 3 militants broke into the home of Lt. Col. Yunus Khulatayev, a senior investigator, and shot him dead after binding his wife and son with tape in the next room.
    (AP, 8/1/10)(SFC, 8/2/10, p.A2)

2010        Aug 22, In Dagestan a Russian border guard was found killed and another who disappeared with him remained missing.
    (AP, 8/23/10)

2010        Aug 23, In Dagestan at least 3 people were wounded in other attacks, while four suspected militants died when explosives they were transporting by car unexpectedly blew up.
    (AP, 8/23/10)

2010        Aug 27, In Russia 9 suspected militants were killed in two separate shootouts with police in the Kabardino-Balkariya republic. Separately 5 suspected militants and a police officer were killed in another shootout in the republic of Dagestan.
    (AP, 8/28/10)

2010        Sep 5, In Dagestan a suicide car-bomber killed 3 soldiers and wounded 32 others in an attack on a Russian military base. In Kabardino-Balkariya, another republic of the Caucasus region that includes Dagestan, a policeman was shot to death by a man whom he'd stopped for a document check.
    (AP, 9/5/10)

2010        Sep 10, In Dagestan, Russia, clashes between police and alleged militants left six more people dead in the volatile North Caucasus. A police officer was gunned down on the outskirts of the regional capital, Makhachkala.
    (AP, 9/10/10)(AP, 9/11/10)

2010        Oct 23, In Dagestan a suicide bomber in a car tried to attack a police dormitory in the town of Khasavyurt but an armored vehicle blocked his way. The explosion killed the suspected militant and a police officer, and wounded seven people. In the village of Komsomolskoye two suspected militants were holed up in a house when police attacked, killing both of them.
    (AP, 10/23/10)

2010        Nov 11, In Dagestan shootouts across the capital of Makhachkala killed at least six policemen and four suspected militants.
    (AP, 11/11/10)

2010        Dec 4, In Russia a Dagestan Airlines passenger jet, carrying at least 155 people, made an emergency landing at a snowy Moscow airport after its engines failed. It skidded off the runway and slammed into buildings, killing two people and injuring around 40.
    (AP, 12/4/10)

2010        Dec 26, In Dagestan eight men were killed in a shoot-out with police after they barricaded themselves in a house in the city of Makhachkala and refused to give up.
    (AP, 12/26/10)

2010        Thomas de Waal authored The Caucasus: An Introduction.
    (Econ, 10/23/10, p.102)

2011        Feb 2, In southern Russia 2 masked gunmen burst into a cafe in Kabardino-Balkaria and shot dead four traffic policemen on their lunch break. In Dagestan two suspected insurgents were killed in an overnight gunbattle with police.
    (AP, 2/2/11)

2011        Feb 3, In Dagestan a small bomb exploded in the capital, Makhachkala, killing a city official involved in razing illegal structures. In Kabardino-Balkariya a traffic policeman died after being shot the night before while he and a partner were checking a motorist's documents.
    (AP, 2/3/11)

2011        Feb 14, In Dagestan a pair of suicide bombers, including a woman, attacked security forces killing 2 officers and wounding 21 others.
    (SFC, 2/15/11, p.A2)

2011        May 8, In Dagestan a Russian officer and three rebels were killed when police discovered an encampment in the woods near Chechnya. Police reported that an insurgent was killed and two others detained in an operation in the city of Astrakhan in the Volga delta.
    (AP, 5/8/11)

2011        Sep 22, In Dagestan 2 early morning car bombs killed a Russian policeman and wounded 60 other people in the capital of Makhachkala. A few hours before the car bombs, four suspected Islamic insurgents died when explosives they were carrying in their car detonated on a capital street.
    (AP, 9/22/11)

2011        Dec 15, Khadzhimurad Kamalov (46), the founder of a newspaper critical of authorities in the restive province of Dagestan in Russia's North Caucasus, died after he was gunned down in a hail of bullets outside his office. Kamalov founded the independent weekly paper Chernovik (Rough Draft) in 2003 and remained its publisher until his killing.
    (AP, 12/16/11)

2012        Jan 27, Russian officials said the leader of Islamist separatists in the province of Ingushetia was killed in a shootout in the village of Ekazhevo along with two other militants. 4 Russian military officers and five militants were killed in the neighboring province of Dagestan. In Kabardino-Balkariya, three masked militants stormed into a school and stabbed a volleyball player in the gym.
    (AP, 1/27/12)

2012        Feb 18, Russian police said 17 officers have been killed during a 4-day operation to wipe out several militant bands in Chechnya and Dagestan. At least 20 rebels were reported killed.
    (SSFC, 2/19/12, p.A4)

2012        May 3, In Dagestan bombs hidden in two vehicles exploded outside a police station in Makhachkala, killing at least 13 people and wounding scores. Islamic suicide bombers were suspected.
    (AP, 5/4/12)

2012        Aug 18, In southern Russias republic of Dagestan, two masked gunmen burst into a Shiite mosque during evening prayers and opened fire, wounding eight people.
    (AFP, 8/19/12)

2012        Aug 28, In Dagestan Said Afandi (75) a powerful leader of a Sufi Muslim brotherhood was killed along with six other people, including an 11-year-old boy and a woman, in the central village of Chirkei after a bomber disguised as a pilgrim approached him in his house. Police the next day said that the bomber was Aminat Kurbanova, a 30-year-old resident of Makhachkala.
    (AP, 8/29/12)

2012        Aug 29, At least 3 Georgian commandos and 11 militants from Dagestan were killed during an operation to free hostages held along Georgia's border with Russia.
    (AP, 8/29/12)

2012        Sep 8, A Russian MI-35 military helicopter crashed into a mountain in the republic of Dagestan, killing all three crewmen aboard.
    (AP, 9/9/12)

2012        Nov 27, In Russia a world martial arts champion, Rasul Mirzayev (26) from Dagestan, was convicted of involuntary manslaughter but set free after a trial that inflamed the country's ethnic tensions. The verdict led to protests by nationalists outside the Moscow court.
    (AP, 11/27/12)

2013        May 1, In Russia a bomb exploded in a busy shopping area in Makhachkala, the capital of Dagestan, killing at least two people.
    (AP, 5/1/13)

2013        May 20, In Dagestan, Russia, twin car bombings killed 3 people and injured at least 44 more in Makhachkala.
    (SFC, 5/21/13, p.A2)

2013        May 25, In Dagestan, Russia, a female suicide bomber, identified as a widow of 2 killed Islamists, blew herself up injuring at least 17, including 2 children and 5 police officers in the central square of Makhachkala. One woman died the next day from her wounds.
    (AP, 5/25/13)(AP, 5/26/13)

2013        Jun 1, Russian security forces conducted a military-style operation to detain Said Amirov (59), the mayor of Makhachkala, Dagestan, on murder charges. Amirov was accused of staging the killing of a senior investigator with the local branch of the Investigative Committee in 2011.
    (AP, 6/1/13)

2013        Jul 9, Dagestan journalist Akhmednabi Akhmednabiyev, who wrote about alleged human rights abuses, was shot dead on the outskirts of Makhachkala.
    (Reuters, 7/9/13)

2013        Aug 20, In Russias Caucasus region police killed 5 people in a clash in Dagestan. Among the dead was Bammatkhan Sheikov, a prominent warlord who was said to be competing to oversee all militant operations in Dagestan.
    (AP, 8/20/13)

2013        Sep 23, In Dagestan 2 officials were killed and more than 10 people wounded when a suicide bomber detonated a car bomb in the village of Khuchni.
    (AFP, 9/23/13)

2013        Sep 27, Russian security forces killed five suspected militants in the North Caucasus province of Dagestan including one believed to be a local Islamist insurgent leader.
    (Reuters, 9/27/13)

2013        Oct 1, In Dagestan 4 suspected militants, 3 policemen and 3 mountain guides were killed in a shootout during a random patrol some 50 km south of Makhachkala.
    (Reuters, 10/2/13)

2013        Oct 21, In Russia female suicide bomber Naida Asiyalova (30) struck a passenger bus in the southern city of Volgograd, killing 6 people and injuring 32 others. The suspected bomber was from Dagestan.
    (AP, 10/21/13)(AP, 10/22/13)(SFC, 10/22/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 30, Bomb blasts in shops in Russia's volatile North Caucasus province of Dagestan killed one person and injured several others.
    (Reuters, 10/30/13)

2013        Nov 16, In Dagestan Dmitri Sokolov, the husband of suicide bomber Naida Asiyalova, died after a stand-off with police. The Oct 21 Volgograd bombing killed six people on a bus.
    (AP, 11/16/13)

2014        Jan 14, In Russias Dagestan region a shootout between security forces and militants killed 5 people.
    (AP, 1/15/14)

2014        Jan 18, Russian news said 7 suspected militants were killed today by security forces in a shootout near Makhachkala, Dagestan.
    (Reuters, 1/18/14)

2014        Jan 21, Russias National Anti-Terror Committee said police have killed Eldar Magatov, a senior Islamist militant, in a shootout in the Dagestan region ahead of the Winter Olympics in Sochi.
    (Reuters, 1/21/14)

2014        Jan 30, Russias Anti-Terrorism Committee identified the Dec 29 Volgograd bombers as Asker Samedov and Suleiman Magomedov and called them members of the "Buinaksk Terrorist Group. It also said two suspected accomplices have been arrested in Dagestan province.
    (Reuters, 1/30/14)

2014        Feb 5, Russian security forces surrounded a group of militants who had holed up in the Dagestani town of Izberbash. Dzhamaldin Mirzayev (30), who was suspected of having been involved in training the bombers and sending them to Volgograd, was killed in an exchange of gunfire.
    (AP, 2/5/14)

2014        Jul 9, In Dagestan Said Amirov, the former mayor of Makhachkala (1988-2013), was sentenced to 10 years in jail on charges of plotting a "terrorist" attack to kill a political rival. He was long relied on by President Vladimir Putin to rule one of Russia's most violent cities.
    (Reuters, 7/9/14)

2015        Mar 21, In Dagestan six suspected insurgents were killed in a raid in the capital Makhachkala. Russian authorities said those killed were suspected in an array of terrorist actions, including attacks on police.
    (AP, 3/21/15)

2015        Apr 19, Russian security forces killed the leader of an Islamist insurgency in the North Caucasus during a raid on a house in the Dagestan region. Four other suspected militants were also killed with Aliaskhab Kebekov, aka Ali Abu Mukhammad. Kebekov (b.1972) became the leader of the Caucasus Emirate group in early 2014 after Russian security forces killed his predecessor, Doku Umarov.
    (Reuters, 4/20/15)

2015        Jun 6, Russia's anti-terrorism committee said police in the Dagestan region killed militant Suleiman Zainalobinov during the night after they stopped his car and he opened fire.
    (AP, 6/6/15)

2015        Aug 11, Russian security services said Magomed Suleimanov (39), the leader of a Caucasus Islamist group in the Dagestan region, has been killed along with 4 others in a mountain raid near Gimry that included air strikes. Suleimanov was suspected of staging the 2012 killing Said Afandi, a leader of Dagestans Sufi Muslim brotherhood.
    (AP, 8/11/15)(SFC, 8/12/15, p.A2)

2015        Nov 29, Russias National Anti-Terrorist Committee announced that security forces had killed the three militants in Dagestan after they refused to surrender.
    (AP, 11/29/15)

2015        Dec 29, In Dagestan one person was killed and 11 injured in a shooting near the UNESCO heritage citadel site in Derbent, which claims to be Russia's oldest city and celebrated its 2,000th anniversary this year.
    (AFP, 12/30/15)

2016        Feb 15, In Dagestan a powerful car bomb exploded at a police checkpoint, killing two officers and the car's driver and wounding 19 others. The Islamic State claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 2/15/16)

2016        Mar 29, A Russian police convoy hit a bomb in the restive North Caucasus, killing one person and wounding four others.
    (AP, 3/30/16)

2016        Jun 17, Dagestan police said that at least 4 officers and 6 militants have died in a series of clashes in three regions.
    (AP, 6/17/16)

2016        Jul 7, Russian officials said at least 7 militants and one law enforcement officer have been killed in clashes in Dagestan in the North Caucasus region.
    (AP, 7/7/16)

2016        Dec 3, Dagestan warlord Rustam Aselderov (35), suspected to be behind multiple attacks in the North Caucasus, was killed along with four of his accomplices in a police operation.
    (AP, 12/4/16)

2016        Dec 29, Russia's security agencies said they have arrested seven people in Dagestan suspected of preparing New Year's terror attacks in Moscow on orders from the Islamic State group in Syria. One police officer and two suspected militants were killed in a shootout outside the city of Khasavyurt, Dagestan.
    (AP, 12/29/16)(AP, 12/30/16)

2017        Jan 21, Russian security forces in Dagestan tracked down and killed two suspected militants in the village of Vperyod, Kizlyar region.
    (AP, 1/21/17)

2017        Jan 29, In Dagestan Russian security forces killed three suspected militants during a firefight in the town of Khasavyurt.
    (AP, 1/29/17)

2017        Apr 24, In Dagestan at least one person was killed and 11 injured in a live grenade accident at a high school.
    (AP, 4/24/17)

2017        Jun 25, Russian security forces said they have killed two suspected militants during a gun battle in the volatile Dagestan region.
    (AP, 6/25/17)

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