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Greenland, the world’s largest island, is
an autonomous territory of Denmark. Denmark has 483 islands.
(SFC, 5/9/97, p.A4)(SSFC, 12/17/00, WB p.2)
11000BC In 2016 Danish archaeologists
found some hunting tools in Horsens dating to this time that gave
insight into how some of the first people in Denmark lived. Go to http://www.timelinesdb.com
9000BC-4000BC The finest record of Mesolithic
and Neolithic peoples exists in Denmark, due to the country’s
(PacDis, Winter/’97, p.9)
c7,000BC Early Danish Mesolithic: In the
Maglemose culture large amber pendants were hardly changed.
(PacDis, Winter/’97, p.8)
2400BC-1500BC Late Danish Neolithic: In the
Ertebolle Culture amber pendants were shaped as animals. This
includes the Dagger Period of Northern Europe.
400-500 During this period the Jutes of Jutland,
at the northern tip of the Danish peninsula, migrated to Britain
as part of a Germanic invasion. The notion that they settled in
what is now Kent and the Isle of Wight, as is recorded by
Anglo-Saxon chronicler Bede the Venerable, has been confirmed by
700-800 Vikings settled the Faeroe Islands in
the 8th century replacing Irish settlers. In 1948 the group of 18
islands, located between Britain and Iceland, became an autonomous
region of Denmark.
800-900 In Scandinavia Futhark evolved around
the 9th century. Instead of 24 letters, the Scandinavian "Younger"
Futhark had 16 letters. In England, Anglo-Saxon Futhorc started to
be replaced by the Latin alphabet by the 9th century, and did not
survive much more past the Norman Conquest. Futhark continued to
be used in Scandinavia for centuries longer, but by 1600 CE, it
had become nothing more than curiosities among scholars and
866 Nov, Danish Viking Ivar
the Boneless first invaded the trading port of Eoforwic, the old
Roman settlement of Eboracum. The Jorvic Viking settlement was
discovered in 1976 when workers in York excavated for a new
870 Dec 31, Skirmish at
Englefield. Ethelred of Wessex beat back a Danish invasion army.
871 Jan 4, Ethelred of Wessex
was defeated by Danish forces at Reading.
(PCh, 1992, p.72)
871 Jan 8, Ethelred of Wessex
defeated the Danish forces at Ashdown.
(PCh, 1992, p.72)
871 Mar 2, Battle at Marton:
Ethelred van Wessex (d.871) beat the Danish invasion army.
Ethelred died in April and his brother Alfred (22) took over.
Alfred became Alfred the Great and ruled until 899.
(PCh, 1992, p.72)(SC, 3/2/02)
878 King Alfred faced the
invading Danes. In 1911 G.K. Chesterton authored the historical
novel “The Ballad of the White Horse" set in England during this
(SSFC, 4/22/07, p.P10)
c958 Harald Gormsson
(d.c986), aka Harald Bluetooth or Harald Blatand, 10th-century
king of Denmark, was born about this time.
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harald_Bluetooth)(AM, 11/00, p.21)
959 The Viking (Danish) ruler
Gorm the Old, the father of Harald Bluetooth, died.
(AM, 11/00, p.21)
960 Denmark's King Harald
Bluetooth was baptized.
(Econ, 6/28/03, p.55)
974 The army of Denmark's
King Harald Gormsson, aka Harald Bluetooth or Harald Blatand, lost
to the Germans at the Danevirke.
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harald_Bluetooth)(AM, 11/00, p.21)
979-1016 Aethelred II, the Unrede (Unready),
ruled over England. He attempted to buy peace from Scandinavian
invaders and called for England’s 1st general tax, the Danegeld.
Some 140,000 pounds of silver was paid in tribute.
(WSJ, 5/24/01, p.A20)
c986 Denmark's King Harald
Gormsson (b.c958), aka Harald Bluetooth or Harald Blatand, died
about this time. He attributed to himself the unification of
Denmark and the Christianization of the Danes. He also conquered
Norway and raided Normandy. In 974 he was defeated by German
emperor Otto II.
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harald_Bluetooth)(AM, 11/00, p.21)
991 Aug 11, Danes under Olaf
Tryggvason killed Ealdorman Brihtnoth and defeated the Saxons at
1002 Nov 13, English king
Ethelred II launched a massacre of Danish settlers.
1014 Feb 3, Sweyn Forkbeard
(b.960), Danish-born Viking king of England (1013-14), died.
1014 Apr 23, The Battle of
Contarf ended Danish rule in Ireland but a Dane killed Irish King
Brian Boru (87).
(PCh, 1992, p.80)(MC, 4/23/02)
1016 Oct 18, Danes defeated
the Saxons at Battle of Assandun (Ashingdon).
1016-1035 Canute the Great of Denmark became
King of England.
(AHD, 1971, p.198)
1018-1035 Canute the Great became King of
Denmark as well as King of England.
(AHD, 1971, p.198)
1035 Nov 12, Cnut the Great
(b.c995), King of Denmark, England and Norway, died in England.
The area of his rule is often referred to as the North Sea Empire.
As a Danish prince, Cnut (Canute) won the throne of England in
1016 in the wake of centuries of Viking activity in northwestern
Europe. Scotland submitted to him in 1017. His later accession to
the Danish throne in 1018 brought the crowns of England and
1047 Oct 25, Magnus I Godhi,
king of Norway and Denmark (1035-47), died.
1076AD The Danish King Svein Estrithson died.
(DrEE, 1/4/97, p.3)
1086 Jul 10, Knut IV, the
Saint, king of Denmark (1080-86), was murdered.
1200-1300 The Danes built a castle at Narva,
(WSJ, 1/25/99, p.A1)
1361 Jul 27, The Battle of
Wisby (Visby) was fought near the town of Visby on the Swedish
island of Gotland, between the forces of the Danish king and the
Gotland peasants. The Danish force was victorious.
1375-1412 Queen Margaret I (b.1353) ruled over
Denmark. In 1388 her rule extended over Norway and in 1389
extended to include Sweden.
1375-1412 Queen Margaret I (b.1353) ruled over
Denmark. In 1388 her rule extended over Norway and in 1389
extended to include Sweden.
1380 Iceland fell under
1397 Jun 17, The Union of
Kalmar united Denmark, Sweden, and Norway under one monarch. The
alliance grew out of the dynastic ties of the Scandinavian
countries of Denmark, Norway and Sweden in response to rising
German influence in the Baltic. The Kalmar Union is a
historiographical term meaning a series of personal unions
(1397–1523) that united the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway
(with Iceland, Greenland, the Faroe Islands and, prior to their
annexation by Scotland in 1471, Shetland and Orkney), and Sweden
(including Finland) under a single monarch.
1494 Feb 20, Johan Friis
(d.1570), chancellor of Denmark (1532-1570), was born in Sweden.
He helped formed Lutheranism.
1513 Christian II became King
of Denmark and Norway. He later asserted his right to the Swedish
throne by force of arms.
1520 Nov 4, Danish-Norwegian
king Christian II was crowned king of Sweden.
1523 Christian II was deposed
in Denmark after a civil war and was exiled. His uncle became King
Frederick I of Denmark and Norway.
1523 Sweden became
independent and dropped out of the Kalmar Union, formed in 1397
with Denmark and Norway.
1524 Denmark confirmed
Swedish independence under Gustavus Vasa in the Treaty of Malmo.
1546 Dec 14, Tycho Brahe
(d.1601), astronomer, was born in Knudstrup, Denmark. He
constructed the most precise astronomical instruments of his time.
(SCTS, p.136)(HN, 12/14/00)(MC, 12/14/01)
1559 Denmark began to bury
its royals in the Roskilde cathedral.
(SFC, 8/5/17, p.A2)
1560 Aug 21, Tycho Brahe
(1546-1601) became interested in astronomy.
1560 In Denmark Frederiksborg
Castle was built by King Frederick II (1534-1588). It was expanded
from 1602-1620 and served as the royal residence for King
Christian IV (1577-1648).
1561 Poland-Lithuania gaining
control over Livonia. In response Sweden seized the territory of
Estonia with the major port of Reval. Denmark, also invested
in the war, seized the Livonian Islands.
1562 Aug, Denmark under
Frederick II declared war against Sweden beginning the First
Northern War (1563-1570). The war ended with the Treaty of Stettin
1570 Dec 5, Johan Friis,
chancellor of Denmark (b.1532), died. his share of spoliated
Church property had made him one of the wealthiest men in Denmark.
Under King Frederick II (1559-1588), who understood but little of
state affairs, Friis was well-nigh omnipotent. He was largely
responsible for the Scandinavian Seven Years' War (1562-1570),
which did so much to exacerbate the relations between Denmark and
1570 Dec 15, The Peace of
Stettin was concluded in Livonia. Denmark recognized the
independence of Sweden in the Peace of Stettin. Sweden gave up her
claim to Norway.
1572 Nov 11, A supernova was
observed in constellation known as Cassiopeia. Tycho Brahe, Danish
astronomer, discovered a nova in the constellation of Cassiopeia.
It is described in detail in his book "De Nova Stella" (1573). The
light eventually became as bright as Venus and could be seen for
two weeks in broad daylight. After 16 months, it disappeared.
(AP, 12/4/08)(Econ, 1/14/17, p.73)
1587 Jan 8, Johannes
Fabricius, astronomer who discovered sunspots, was born in
(HN, 1/8/99)(MC, 1/8/02)
1588 Frederick II of Denmark
died and was succeeded by his 10 year-old son, Christian IV.
1588 Tycho Brahe, Danish
astronomer, had his financial support cut by a new Danish king and
moved to Prague where his student, Johannes Kepler, aided him and
to whom he left all his astronomical data.
1602 Denmark imposed a strict
trade monopoly and cut off Iceland's products from lucrative
(SFEC, 9/19/99, p.A18)
1626 Aug 27, The Danes were
crushed by the Catholic League in Germany, marking the end of
Danish intervention in European wars.
1644 Sep 25, Olaus Rímer, 1st
to accurately measured speed of light, was born in Denmark.
1676 Jun 1, The Swedish ship
Svardet, armed with 86 bronze canons and under command of Claes
Uggla, went under when Sweden was defeated by a Danish-Dutch fleet
in the Battle of Öland. In 2011 Deep Sea Productions said it
believed it had found the ship off the island of Oland.
1676 Ole Christensen Romer
(Roemer), Danish astronomer, derived a speed of light of 130,000
miles per second based on his observations of Io, the innermost
moon of Jupiter.
(http://inkido.indiana.edu/a100/timeline2.html)(NH, 2/05, p.19)
1679 May 14, Peder [Nielsen]
Horrebow, Danish astronomer, was born.
1684 Dec 3, Ludvig Baron
Holberg, founder of Danish & Norwegian literature, was born.
1698 Aug 18, After invading
Denmark and capturing Sweden, Charles XII of Sweden forced
Frederick IV of Denmark to sign the Peace of Travendal.
1725 Czar Peter the Great
chose Vitus Bering (44), a Danish seaman in the Russian navy, to
lead an expedition to discover whether or not Asia was connected
(ON, 2/06, p.1)
1728 Vitus Bering (47),
Danish explorer in the Russian navy, discovered the Bering Strait
between Asia and North America.
(PCh, 1992, p.286)(ON, 2/06, p.1)
1729-1801 The Danish East India Company was
chartered to carry on trade in the East Indies.
(WUD, 1994, p.449)
1732 Apr 17, The 2nd
Kamchatka Expedition was announced in the Russian Senate and Vitus
Bering was named as captain commander. I.K. Kirilov, chief
secretary of the senate, expanded Bering’s mandate to include
astronomical and scientific observations, to explore the seas
between Siberia and Japan and to establish trade relations with
(ON, 2/06, p.1)
1741 Jul 15, George Steller,
an observer with Vitus Bering (1680-1741), claimed to see the
American mainland (Alaska). Bering, a Danish-born mariner, was on
an exploratory mission on behalf of Russia.
(WSJ, 9/12/00, p.A24)(SFEC, 3/23/97, p.T5)(ON,
1741 Jul 16, Vitus Bering
(1680-1741) first sighted Mt. St. Elias, the second highest peak
in Alaska at 18,008 feet.
(AAM, 3/96, p.84)(WUD, 1994 p.140)
1741 Dec 8, Vitus Bering,
Danish-born explorer and commander in the Russian navy, died on an
island off the Kamchatka Peninsula, later named Bering Island.
(ON, 2/06, p.4)
1748 The Danish Royal Theater
(SFEC, 11/1/98, p.T3)
1750 Germany returned the
island of Aero, which measures 22 by 6 miles, to Denmark.
(SSFC, 7/29/07, p.G3)
1764 Jan 19, Bolle Willum
Luxdorph, a Danish diarist, described what is believed to be the
first successful parcel bomb.
(Econ, 11/6/10, p.74)
1768 Johan Friedrich
Struensee, a German doctor, was appointed as personal physician to
the insane young King Christian VII of Denmark. The doctor became
lover to the queen, Caroline Mathilde, the younger sister of
George III of England. Struensee was arrested and executed after 2
(WSJ, 12/7/01, p.W16)
1770 Nov 19, Albert Bertel
Thorvaldsen, sculptor (Dying Lion), was born in Copenhagen,
1775 The Danish Royal
Copenhagen Porcelain Manufactory began operations.
(SFC, 3/10/99, Z1 p.6)
1777 Aug 14, Hans Christian
Oersted, Danish scientist, was born. He discovered
1790s Denmark became the 1st
country to abolish slavery.
(WSJ, 2/26/02, p.A22)
1792 May 16, Denmark
abolished slave trade.
1799 Nov 5, The Danish ship
Oldenborg was wrecked on her outward passage by being beached in
the roadstead at Cape Town, South Africa, during a north-westerly
gale, thus becoming one of the 127 ships that have been lost on
this minuscule portion of the South African coast.
1800 The Althing of Iceland
was abolished by the Danish king.
1801 Apr 2, The British navy
defeated the Danish at the Battle of Copenhagen.
1803 Denmark became the first
country to ban slave trade.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R25)
1805 Apr 2, Hans Christian
Andersen (d.1875), author of 150 fairy tales, was born in Odense,
(CFA, '96, p.44)(HN, 4/2/98)(AP, 4/2/99)
1807 Sep 2, British forces
began bombarding Copenhagen for several days, until the Danes
agreed to surrender their naval fleet.
1807 Sep 7, Denmark
surrendered to British forces that had bombarded the city of
Copenhagen for four days.
1813 May 5, Soren Kierkegaard
(d.1855), Danish philosopher and theologian, was born. He founded
Existentialism and believed that man's relation to God must be an
agonizing experience. “Truth is not introduced into the individual
from without, but was within him all the time." His books included
the philosophical novel “Diary of a Seducer."
(WUD, 1994, p.786)(AP, 10/23/97)(SFC, 9/4/98,
1814 Jan 14, The Treaty of
Kiel or Peace of Kiel was concluded between the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Sweden on one side
and the Kingdoms of Denmark and Norway on the other side in Kiel.
It ended the hostilities between the parties in the ongoing
Napoleonic Wars, where the United Kingdom and Sweden were part of
the anti-French camp (the Sixth Coalition) while Denmark-Norway
was allied to Napoleon Bonaparte.
1814 May 17, Norway's
constitution was signed, providing for a limited monarchy. Denmark
ceded Norway to Sweden.
(AP, 5/17/97)(HN, 5/17/98)
1814 The union between the
crowns of Denmark and Norway was dissolved. The Treaty of Kiel
severed Norway's former colonies and left them under the control
of the Danish monarch. Greenland became a Danish colony, and a
part of the Danish Realm in 1953 under the Constitution of
1828 The Danish government
decreed that all persons should have a surname which was inherited
from the preceding generation.
1829 Hans Christian Andersen
(1805-1875) published his first literary work: “A Walking Tour
from Holmen’s Canal to the Eastern Point of Amager."
(ON, 7/06, p.7)
1830 August Bournonville
(1805-1879) founded the Danish ballet tradition, the world's
oldest living ballet heritage. At the age of 25 he became
principal dancer and artistic director for the Royal Danish Ballet
and continued to work there for 47 years.
1835 Apr, Hans Christian
Andersen (1805-1875) published novel “Improvisatore," an
alternative version of his own life based on his travel
experiences in Italy.
(ON, 7/06, p.7)
1843 Aug 15, The Tivoli
Gardens opened in Copenhagen.
(SFEC, 2/20/00, p.T8)(MC, 8/15/02)
1844 Nov 23, Duchies of
Schleswig and Holstein were declared independent from Denmark.
1847 Carlsberg began beer
production in Denmark.
(WSJ, 10/7/03, p.B1)
1848 Mar 24, The First
Schleswig War began. It was the first round of military conflict
in southern Denmark and northern Germany rooted in the
Schleswig-Holstein Question and contested the issue of who should
control the Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein. The 3-year war
lasted from 1848–1851.
1848 Jul 3, Gen. Peter Von
Scholten, faced with the likely destruction of towns and
plantations by a slave revolt, declared the slaves of the Danish
West Indies (later US Virgin Islands) to be freed.
(SSFC, 7/5/09, p.A3)
1849 May 3, Jacob Riis
(d.1914), American reporter and reformer (How the Other Half
Lives), was born in Denmark.
1852 May 8, A war between
Denmark and Prussia lasted three years (1848–50) and ended only
when the Great Powers pressured Prussia into accepting the London
Protocol of 1852. This was the revision of an earlier protocol,
which had been ratified on August 2, 1850, by the major Germanic
powers of Austria and Prussia. The 1852 London Protocol confirmed
that the duchies of Schleswig-Holstein should remain undivided.
1855 Nov 11, Soren A.
Kierkegaard (b.1813), Danish philosopher and theologian, died. In
2005 Joakim Garff authored “Søren A. Kierkegaard: A Biography."
1857 Jun 2, Karl Gjellerup,
poet, novelist (Nobel 1917), was born in Denmark.
1859 Hans Christian Anderson
gave his story "The Philosopher's Stone" to a family during his
trip to the Jutland region. The 13-page script was sold at auction
in 1999 for $75,400.
(SFC, 4/16/99, p.C8)
1864 May 9, Austria and
Denmark held a ship battle at Helgoland.
1864 Prussia and Austria
snatched Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark. The border was redrawn
by plebiscite in 1920. After 1945 Germany and Denmark agreed to
recognize the rights of minorities on both sides.
(Econ, 6/2/12, p.66)
1865 May 21, C.J. Thomsen,
archaeologist who named the Stone, Iron and Bronze Ages, was born
1865 Jun 9, Carl Nielsen,
Danish composer, was born.
1866 Denmark passed a law
(SFC, 2/24/17, p.A2)
1867 Denmark reached a deal
to transfer Saint Thomas and Saint John (part of the Virgin
Islands) to the United States to the US for $7.5 million, but a
hurricane, earthquake, tsunami and fire, as well as domestic and
int’l. political conflicts delayed the transfer for 50 years.
1868 Oct 16, Denmark ended
its involvement in India by selling the rights to the Nicobar
Islands to the British.
(SFC, 11/3/11, p.A2)
1871 In Denmark the
Jutland-based Jyllands-Posten newspaper was founded.
1872 Aug 3, Haakon VII, King
of Norway, was born in Charlottenlund, Denmark.
1878 Mary Thomas, a
plantation slave, led an uprising on St. Croix, a colony of
(SFC, 4/5/18, p.A2)
1884 In Denmark the Alexander
Nevski church was built in Copenhagen on a request by Czarina
Maria Feodorovna, the Danish-born mother of Nicholas II.
1884 In Denmark the Politiken
newspaper was founded.
1875 Aug 4, Hans Christian
Andersen (b.1805), Danish fairy tale writer, died. Over his life
he wrote 156 fairy tales as well as numerous novels and travel
books. His biography was later written by Elias Bredsdorff (d.2002
(SFC, 8/23/02, p.A27)(ON, 7/06, p.8)
1885 Apr 17, Karen
Blixen-Finecke (Isak Dinesen, d.1962), Danish writer (Out of
Africa), was born. “God made the world round so we would never be
able to see too far down the road."
(AP, 9/15/00)(HN, 4/17/01)(MC, 4/17/02)
1885 Oct 7, Nils Bohr, Danish
physicist who won the 1992 Nobel Prize for physics and later
worked on the first atom bomb, was born.
(HN, 10/7/98)(MC, 10/7/01)
1889 May 29, August
Strindberg's "Hemsoborna" premiered in Copenhagen.
1890 Mar 20, Lauritz
Melchior, baritone, tenor (Met Opera), was born in Copenhagen,
1899 Mar 11, Frederick IX,
King of Denmark, was born.
1902 Apr 18, Denmark became
the 1st country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals.
1904 A new Danish law forced
the people to stick with the names they had, as opposed to the
previous system where people where named after their fathers first
(WSJ, 3/17/98, p.A1)
1904 Denmark and Sweden
issued the first Christmas seals to raise money to fight
(SFEC, 12/13/98, Z1 p.10)
1905 Nov 18, The Norwegian
Parliament elected Prince Charles of Denmark to be the next King
of Norway. Prince Charles took the name Haakon VII.
1909 Jan 3, Victor Borge
(d.2000 at 91), musical humorist, was born as Borge Rosenbaum in
Copenhagen. In 1953 he opened his “Comedy in Music" at the Golden
Theater on Broadway and played for 849 performances .
(SSFC, 12/24/00, p.B5)(440 Int'l. 1/3/99)
1909 Wilhelm Johanssen
(Johannsen), Danish botanist, coined the word "gene" to describe
whatever it was that Austrian botanist Gregor Mendel (1822-1884)
had found in his studies of inherited traits.
(NH, 6/01, p.30)(Econ, 8/8/15, p.71)
1911 Mar 24, Penal code
reform abolished corporal punishment in Denmark.
1913 The bronze statue of the
Little Mermaid, a character from a Hans Christian Anderson story,
was installed in the Copenhagen harbor. It was commissioned by
Carl Jacobsen, founder of the Carlsberg Beer Co., and created by
Edvard Eriksen. [see 1964]
1914 A wooden roller coaster
was added to the Tivoli Gardens, Denmark.
(SFEC, 2/20/00, p.T8)
1914-1931 Karen Blixen, Danish author, lived on
a farm near Nairobi, Kenya. Her lover was Denys Finch-Hatton. She
wrote under the name Isak Dinesen. The two were featured in the
1985 film “Out of Africa" that starred Robert Redford and Meryl
Streep. The country was then called British East Africa.
(SFC, 6/17/98, p.E1)(SFEC, 7/26/98, p.T10)
1916 Feb 13, Vilhelm
Hammershoi (b.1864), Danish painter, died. He is most celebrated
for his interiors, many of which he painted at his residence in
(Econ, 7/5/08, p.94)
1916 May 31, During World War
I, British and German fleets fought the Battle of Skagerrak at
Jutland off Denmark and 10,000 were left dead. There was no
clear-cut victor, although the British suffered heavier losses.
(HN, 5/31/98)(AP, 5/31/06)
1916 Aug 4, The United States
purchased the Danish Virgin Islands for $25 million. [see 1917]
1916 Aug 4, The United States
signed a treaty to purchase the Danish Virgin Islands for $25
million. The US purchased the southern Virgin Islands including
St. Thomas, St. John, St. Croix and about 50 other small Caribbean
islets and cays from Denmark. They were then known as the Danish
West Indies. The Act of March 3, 1917, authorized payment by the
US of $25 million for the Virgin Islands.
(WUD, 1994, p.1595)(AP, 8/4/97)(HNQ, 11/20/99)
1916 Dec 14, People of
Denmark voted to sell Danish West Indies to United States for $25
million [see Aug 4]. This included the islands of St. John, St.
Thomas and St. Croix.
(AP, 12/14/02)(Econ, 7/16/16, World IF
1917 Jan 17, The United
States paid Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands.
1917 Mar 31, The United
States took possession of the Virgin Islands. The purchase from
Denmark for $25 million had been set up in 1916.
1918 Dec 1, Danish parliament
passed an act to grant Iceland independence.
(HFA, ‘96, p.20)(MC, 12/1/01)
1922 Jun 19, Aage Nills Bohr,
physicist, study atomic nucleus (Nobel 1975), was born in Denmark.
1922 Otto Jesperson
(1860-1943), Danish linguist, authored “Language: Its Nature,
Development and Origins." “Men sang out their feelings long before
they were able to speak their thoughts. But of course we must not
imagine that "singing" means exactly the same thing here as in a
modern concert hall. When we say that speech originated in song,
what we mean is merely that our comparatively monotonous spoken
language and our highly developed vocal music are differentiations
of primitive utterances, which had more in them of the latter than
of the former. These utterances were, at first, like the singing
of birds and the roaring of many animals and the crooning of
babies, exclamative, not communicative--that is, they came forth
from an inner craving of the individual without any thought of any
fellow-creatures. Our remote ancestors had not the slightest
notion that such a thing as communicating ideas and feelings to
someone else was possible."
1922 Danish physicist Niels
Bohr won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his services in the
investigation of the structure of atoms and of the radiation
emanating from them.
1924 Jul 10, Denmark took
Greenland as Norway ended its claim.
1926 The bumper car rides
opened at the Tivoli Gardens, Denmark.
(SFEC, 2/20/00, p.T8)
1928 The silent film classic
"Passion of Joan of Arc" was directed by Carl Theodore Dreyer of
Denmark. It later led to a 70 minute oratorio for solo singers,
chorus, and chamber orchestra by Richard Einhorn.
(SFC, 10/11/96, p.C6)(WSJ, 10/8/98, p.W5)
1928 In Denmark Palle Huld
(d.2010) won a competition organized by Danish newspaper that
wanted to send a teenager would-be-reporter around the globe. For
44 days the 15-year-old traveled to North America, Japan, Siberia
and Germany, and was greeted by 20,000 people upon his return to
Copenhagen. Herge, the pen name of Belgian author Georges Remi,
heard of Huld's journey which reportedly inspired him to create
Tintin, the globe-trotting reporter.
1928 Maria Feodorovna
(b.1847), the daughter of Denmark's King Christian IX and Queen
Louise, died in Denmark. Princess Dagmar had married Russia’s Czar
Alexander II and their six children included Nicholas II, who
became czar in 1894. She fled St. Petersburg in 1917. Her casket
rested alongside Danish kings and queens until 2006 when it was
sent to Russia.
1931 Jul, Norway occupied
then-uninhabited eastern Greenland as Erik the Red's Land,
claiming that it constituted terra nullius. Norway and Denmark
agreed to submit the matter in 1933 to the Permanent Court of
International Justice, which decided against Norway.
1931 Einar Weigener, a Danish
painter, had his sex altered in the first surgical procedure of
(SFEC, 2/27/00, BR p.5)
1932 Apr, In Denmark 6 of the
world’s leading quantum physicists gathered at Niels Bohr’s
Institute for Theoretical Physics to discuss the latest
developments in the field. In 2007 Gino Segre authored “Faust in
Copenhagen: A Struggle for the Soul of Physics." The book is
organized around a short comedy performed at the end of the
(SSFC, 6/24/07, p.M3)(Econ, 7/14/07, p.87)
1932 Denmark’s LEGO Group was
founded by Ole Kirk Kristiansen, a carpenter. The name came from
the Danish words leg godt (play well). Christiansen and his
grandson perfected toy bricks made of wood and later shifted to
plastic. Lego produced its first interlocking bricks in 1949.
4/28/12, p.76)(Econ, 3/8/14, p.71)(Econ, 1/16/16, p.46)
1933 Denmark legalized gay
sex, but it took nearly eight decades before gay people could
(Econ., 11/21/20, p.48)
1935 Mar 16, Aron Nimzowitsch
(b.1886), a Latvian-born Danish chess player, died. In 1925 he
authored “My System," which he described as a chess manual based
on entirely new principles.
1935-1970 Denmark gave sex offenders a choice
between prison or surgical castration. The practice was banned due
to criticism that it was inhumane and irreversible.
(SFC, 8/31/96, p.A12)
1938 Karen Blixen (Isak
Dinesen) wrote her novel: “Out of Africa."
(SFEC, 11/3/96, BR p.5)
1938 Denmark’s K.B. Hallen
sports arena in the Copenhagen opened. It was destroyed by fire in
1940 Apr 9, The Nazi army
invaded and occupied Denmark and Norway. German forces landed
along the Norwegian coast and made a paratrooper assault on Oslo
and Stavanger. More than 300,000 German soldiers occupied neutral
Norway. After the Nazi invasion most of Denmark’s police were
(WSJ, 4/29/96, p.C-1)(SFEC, 1/26/97, p.A14)(AP,
4/9/97)(ON, 11/05, p.3)(AFP, 10/17/18)
1940 The US opened a
consulate in Greenland folowing the Nazi occupation of Denmark. It
closed in 1953. In 2019 the Trump administration planned to
re-open its Greenland consulate.
(SSFC, 8/25/19, p.A8)
1940 The term "genetic
engineering" was coined in Poland, by Danish microbiologist A.
Jost while giving a lecture on the sex life of yeast at the
Technical Institute in Lwow, Poland.
1941 Mar 30, The U.S. seized
Italian, German and Danish ships in 16 ports.
1941 Physicist Neils Bohr met
with Werner Heisenberg in Copenhagen. In 2000 the meeting was
portrayed in a play by Michael Frayn: “Copenhagen.’
(WSJ, 4/12/00, p.A24)
1943 Aug 28, Denmark declared
a universal strike against Nazi occupiers.
1943 Aug 29, Responding to a
clampdown by Nazi occupiers, Denmark managed to scuttle most of
its naval ships.
1943 Sep 18, Hitler ordered
the deportation of Danish Jews (unsuccessful).
1943 Sep - 1943 Oct, About
7,200 Jews, or 95 percent of Denmark's Jewish population, and some
700 of their non-Jewish relatives managed to escape by crossing
the narrow waterway from Gilleleje and other coastal spots to
neutral Sweden in a risky rescue mission. About 500 Jews were
arrested in Nazi raids and deported to concentration camps.
(Econ, 7/10/04, p.46)(AP, 10/11/18)
1943 Oct 1, Germans attacked
Jews in Denmark.
1944 May 24, Icelandic voters
severed all ties with Denmark.
1944 Jun 17, Iceland declared
full independence from Denmark and became a republic.
(DrEE, 1/4/97, p.4)(AP, 6/17/97)
1944 - 1945 May, Nazi's kept some 2000 Danish policemen in
custody. Most of them in KZ-camps, brought to Neuengamme and from
there to places as Buchenwald and Stutthof in Germany. After
Danish negotiations with the Germans the Nazi's accepted their
status as prisoners of war and 1600 came to the POW-camp at
Mühlberg. Around 100 Danish policemen died in the camps.
1945 Mar 21, A British
bombing raid was made on Gestapo Headquarters in Denmark to thwart
a planned German arrest of the leadership of the banned Freedom
Council. A 2nd wave of bombers hit a school by mistake killing 86
students and 13 adults.
(SFC, 9/23/02, p.B5)
1945 May 4, German forces in
the Netherlands, Denmark and northwest Germany agreed to
1945 May 5, Netherlands and
Denmark were liberated from Nazi control. The Liberation of the
Netherlands was completed by the First Canadian Army.
1945 May 28, Lord Haw Haw
(aka William Joyce), a virulent anti-Semite who broadcast pro-Nazi
propaganda from Germany during the war, was shot in the leg in an
encounter with two British officers near Flensburg on the Danish
border with Germany. He was sentenced to death for treason on 19
September 1945 and hanged on 3 January 1946.
1946 Scandinavian airlines
began as a co-operative venture between the airlines of Denmark,
Norway and Sweden. In 1951 they merged. Marcus Wallenberg Jr.
(1899-1982), tennis champion, sold out of railways to concentrate
on airplanes. Wallenberg helped to establish the Scandinavian
Airlines System and controlled companies that employed one of
every eight working Swedes.
10/14/06, p.73)(Econ, 5/19/12, p.74)
1946 Faroe islanders voted
narrowly for independence from Denmark. The
Danish government rejected the referendum and dissolved the
(Econ, 8/12/17, p.41)
1946 The US proposed to pay
Denmark $100 million to buy Greenland after flirting with the idea
of swapping land in Alaska for strategic parts of the Arctic
1947-1972 King Frederik IX ruled with Queen
(SFC, 11/8/00, p.B7)
1948 The Faroe Islands
won home rule, but Denmark still controlled the currency,
foreign affairs and some of the courts.
(Econ, 8/12/17, p.41)
1948 Axel Axgil (1915-2011),
born Axel Lundahl-Madsen, was among the founding members of gay
rights group LGBT Danmark.
1949 Mar 6, Robert Storm
Petersen (b.1882), Danish cartoonist, writer, animator,
illustrator, painter and humorist, died. He is known almost
exclusively by his pen name Storm P.
1949 Apr 4, The (NATO) North
Atlantic Treaty Organization pact was signed by the US, Great
Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Italy,
Portugal, Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Canada. It provided for
mutual defense against aggression and for close military
1949 Oct 28, Eugenie Anderson
became the 1st woman US ambassador. She was posted to Denmark.
(HFA, ‘96, p.40)(MC, 10/28/01)
1950 Denmark founded the
Sirius Patrol, a unit of the Danish navy, to patrol Greenland.
(SFC, 6/15/00, p.C4)
1951 NATO member Denmark
allowed the US to build 33 bases and radar stations in Greenland,
but the deal did not specify who would be responsible for any
cleanup. In 2016 Greenland's local leaders urged Denmark to remove
the junk that the Americans left behind. In 2018 Denmark and
Greenland signed an agreement for a 6-year cleanup program.
(AP, 11/26/16)(AP, 1/11/18)
1952 Apr 26, In Denmark the
body of a man dating to the 3rd century BC was discovered in peaty
swamp near the village of Grauballe, Jutland. Upon excavation it
was moved to the Prehistoric Museum in Aarhus, where it underwent
research and conservation.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grauballe_Man)(SSFC, 8/10/14, p.L6)
1954 May 1, Legos, founded by
Danish carpenter Ole Kirk Christiansen, became a registered
trademark in Denmark.
1955 The Bonn and Copenhagen
declarations spelled out minority rights on the Danish-German
1957 Denmark banned nuclear
weapons from its soil.
1958 Legos, the toy Lego
building block kit with simple red bricks, was introduced with
8-stud bricks that could be combined 24 ways. The company was
founded by Danish carpenter Ole Kirk Christiansen in 1932. Legos
became a registered trademark in 1954. The name was derived from
“les godt," Danish for play well.
(SFC, 1/9/99, p.B8)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.76)
1958 Monkeypox was first
described in Denmark when several monkey imports developed
lesions. The disease emerged in the Congo in 1970 with sporadic
outbreaks over the years, primarily in Central and West Africa.
Ten percent of those infected can die, and there is evidence of
1959 Nov 20, Seven European
nations (Austria, Britain, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden,
Switzerland) signed the Stockholm Convention to form the European
Free Trade Association (EFTA). The organization becoming operative
on May 3, 1960. After the accession of Denmark, Ireland, and the
UK to the EEC in January 1973, the EFTA began to falter. Portugal
(1985), followed in 1995 by Austria, Finland and Sweden, left to
join the EU. In 2017 Four members remained: Switzerland, Norway,
Liechtenstein and Iceland.
1960 Aug 26, Knud Jensen
(23), Danish cyclist, collapsed while riding in a 100-km team
trial at the Olympics in Rome. He fractured his skull and died. An
autopsy revealed amphetamines in his blood. His death would led
the International Olympic Committee to begin a program of drug
testing beginning with the 1968 Games held in Grenoble, France and
Mexico City, Mexico.
1961 Jan 4, The Danish
barbers' assistants strike ended after 33 yrs. It was the longest
strike on record.
1961 Aug 10, Denmark formally
applied for membership in the European Community.
1962 Nov 18, Niels Bohr (77),
Danish physicist (atom, Nobel 1922), died.
1962 In Denmark the Stroget
pedestrian shopping mall in old-town Copenhagen was established.
This was Europe’s first major pedestrian boulevard.
(SSFC, 9/13/15, p.M5)
1964 The bronze statue of the
Little Mermaid in the Copenhagen harbor was decapitated. In 1997
friends of the late painter Henrik Bruun told newspapers that
Bruun was responsible.
1965 Prof. Fredric J. Mosher
(d.1999 at 85) of UC Berkeley published "A Guide to Danish
(SFC, 6/17/99, p.C4)
1966 Danish motorcycle gangs
have been around for about 30 years, when local clubs like the
Avengers, Heathens, Hogriders, Pirates, and Pagans began forming.
(WSJ, 5/24/96, p.A-4)
1967 May 11, The United
Kingdom re-applied to join the European Community. It is followed
by Ireland and Denmark and, a little later, by Norway. General de
Gaulle is still reluctant to accept British accession.
1967 Olafur Eliasson, artist,
was born in Denmark to Icelandic parents. He later created
121ethiopia.org, a charitable organization to finance orphanages
1968 Jan 21, An American B-52
bomber carrying four hydrogen bombs crashed at North Star Bay,
Greenland, killing one crew member and scattering radioactive
material. Reports began to surface later and in 1995 the Danish
government paid a $15.5 million settlement to some 1,700 exposed
1968 The original Legoland
was built in Billund, Denmark.
(SFEC, 2/7/99, p.T3)
1968 A Danish geologist
published a paper on the Greenland Ice Cap that included melting
threats to it. The study used core samples that drilled down to
(WSJ, 6/8/06, p.D8)
1969 Peter V. Glob
(1911-1985), Danish archeologist, authored "The Bog People: Iron
Age Man Preserved."
1969 San Francisco's hardcore
pioneer director/producer Alex de Renzy, in his directorial debut
with reputed sexologists Phyllis and Eberhard Kronhausen,
conducted interviews with uninhibited Danes, along with closeups
of every detail of conventional sexual intercourse and depictions
of lesbianism, fellatio, and cunnilingus. A 90-minute version
screened in San Francisco was later confiscated and the film was
banned in a number of states. In the wake of the landmark decision
in People v. Alex de Renzy the documentary film “Pornography in
Denmark" went into wide release.
1970 Denmark established
compulsory sex education in classrooms.
(Econ, 9/26/15, p.60)
1971 The Roskilde rock
festival, inspired by Woodstock, was first held in Denmark.
(SFC, 7/1/00, p.A12)
1971 Denmark became the first
European country to create a Cabinet-level ministry dealing
exclusively with the environment.
(SFC, 12/15/99, p.AA6)
1971 In Denmark the
Christiana enclave took root in Copenhagen when dozens of hippies
moved into the derelict 18th-century navy fort on 600 acres of
(AP, 3/16/04)(SSFC, 10/31/04, p.A3)
1971 In Denmark the
Jyllands-Posten newspaper declared itself politically independent.
1972 Jan 14, Denmark’s King
Frederik IX (b.1899) died. He was succeeded by Queen Margrethe II
1972 Denmark began extracting
oil and gas in the North Sea.
(SFC, 12/5/20, p.A3)
1973 Jan 1, The European
Economic Community (EEC), the forerunner to the EU, admitted
Britain, Ireland and Denmark even though they made chocolate
containing a small percentage of vegetable fat. Members as
required handed away control of trade-deal negotiation.
12/4/97, p.A22)(Econ, 7/16/16, p.47)
1973 Sep 1, In
Copenhagen, Denmark, the 74-year-old Hafnia Hotel burned, killing
1973 Oct 20, Queen Elizabeth
II opened the Sydney Opera House. It was designed by Danish
architect Joern Utzon and cost 102 million Australian dollars, 14
times the original estimate. Utzon left the project in 1966. In
2000 Utzon was named consulting architect and in 2003 was called
back to redo the interiors.
(SFEC, 1/4/98, p.T4)(SFEC, 9/10/00, p.T12)(WSJ,
1973 Denmark instituted a
procedure of chemical castration for sex offenders.
(SFC, 8/31/96, p.A12)
1975 Oct, Aage Nills Bohr
(b.1922), Denmark-born physicist, won the Nobel Prize in Physics
for his study of the atomic nucleus. Ben Mottelson (b.1926),
Danish-American physicist and James Rainwater (1917-1986),
American physicist, also shared the prize.
1976 Denmark joined forces
with Germany and Sweden to form the Maximator alliance to
intercept and decipher messages sent by satellite. Netherlands
joined in 1978 and France joined in 1985.
(Econ., 5/30/20, p.43)
1977 Dec 12, Dr. Grethe Rask
(b.1930) from Denmark died of Pneumocystis carinii. She had done
research in Africa. Her symptoms had been manifesting in Dec 1976
and she was hospitalized in Africa. In November 1977 after a brief
recovery, she decided it was time to go home to die. A colleague
saw the wasting, and did an autopsy, where P. carinii was found.
She is believed to be one of the first documented cases of
probable AIDS infection.
1979 May 1, Denmark gave home
rule to Greenland, but continued to make key decisions on law and
order. The legislative basis for the Home Rule Administration is
Act no 56 of 21 February 1979 which came into force on 1 May 1979
following a referendum in Greenland.
1982 Feb 23, In a
consultative referendum, Greenland, which became a member of the
European Community as part of Denmark, opted for withdrawal from
1982 Denmark’s monetary
policy was tied to the German mark.
(WSJ, 2/6/98, p.A1)
1982 The Stichting Ingka
Foundation, a Dutch-registered, tax-exempt, non-profit legal
entity, was given the shares of Ingvar Kamprad (b.1926), the
Swedish founder of IKEA. In 2006 Ingka Holding, a private
Dutch-registered company, was the parent of 207 of 235 worldwide
IKEA companies, and it belonged to the Stichting Ingka Foundation.
(Econ, 5/13/06, p.69)(SFC, 4/6/04, p.C3)
1985 A bombing in Copenhagen
killed one person and injured 16. Mohammed Abu Talb was arrested
in Sweden in1989 for the bombing.
(SFC, 11/25/99, p.A14)
1985 P.V. Glob (b.1911),
Danish archeologist, died. His books included “The Bog People:
Iron-Age Man Preserved" (1964).
1986 The Hell’s Angels began
renting a building in Copenhagen from the city.
(SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A13)
1987 Denmark recognized
Copenhagen’s Christiana enclave, founded in 1971, as a social
experiment. In 1991 the government gave residents the right to use
the land. In 2006 the government proposed a plan to regularize
housing in the enclave.
(SSFC, 10/22/06, p.G3)
1989 May 26, Danish
parliament allowed legal marriage among homosexuals.
1989 Oct 1, In Copenhagen,
Denmark, 11 homosexual couples were married. It was the first time
any country allowed such marriages.
(SFC, 5/26/96, Z1 p.6)(SFC, 12/12/98, p.B3)
1990 Apr 7, An arson fire
aboard a ferry enroute from Norway to Denmark killed 159 people.
(AP, 4/7/00)(AP, 1/14/12)
1991 Feb 14, Denmark issued a
postage stamp series depicting Queen Margrethe II.
1991 Feb 20, President Bush
and Queen Margarethe II of Denmark spoke in a ceremony marking the
arrival of the Queen and her husband in the United States.
President Bush spoke on the price of freedom and the sharing of
values between Denmark and the United States since World War II
and including the Persian Gulf war.
1991 Mar 14, Denmark issued a
postage stamp depicting its 1882 Class A steam locomotive.
1991 May 2, Denmark issued a
pair of stamps depicting satellite pictures of its land and water
1991 Aug 10, Metallica staged
a concert in Copenhagen.
1991 Denmark's Vindeby
Offshore Wind Farm, the world’s first offshore wind farm, was
built and remained in operation for 25 years. The site's 11
turbines were dismantled in 2017.
1991 The population of
Denmark was about 5.154 million.
1992 Mar 5, In Copenhagen the
Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Estonia, Finland,
Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia and Sweden, in
the presence of the representative from the European Commission,
opened a 2-day meeting and decided to establish a Council of the
Baltic Sea States to serve as a forum for guidance and overall
coordination among the participating states. Iceland joined the
CBSS in 1995
1992 Jun 2, Danish voters
rejected the Maastricht union treaty.
1993 May 18, Voters in
Denmark ratified the European Community's Maastricht Treaty on
closer economic and political union.
(AP, 5/18/98)(SC, 5/18/02)
1993 Jun, EU membership
criteria were laid down at the European Council in Copenhagen,
Denmark. Under the “Copenhagen criteria" would-be EU members were
required to show that they meet the political and institutional
standards of membership.
1993 The Danish chapter of
the Bandidos motorcycle gang started out as the 666 club, changed
its name to the Morticians, then the Undertakers, and then
affiliated in 1993 with the Texas-based Bandidos.
(WSJ, 5/24/96, p.A-4)
1994-1997 A Danish nurse and doctor killed 22
nursing-home residents with injections. They were charged in 1997
for the killings and the nurse was also charged with embezzlement.
1995 Lars Von Trier, a Danish
film director, launched the Dogma 95 concept of minimalist rules
to return the focus of filmmaking to story and plot. The rules
forbade sound editing and any equipment beyond handheld cameras.
(SFC, 8/10/02, p.D4)
1995 Danish Foreign Minister
Niels Helveg Petersen told reporters that no nuclear weapons were
deployed in Greenland. 2 weeks later US Sec. of Defense William
Perry wrote in a confidential letter that warheads and surface to
air missiles had been stored at the Thule air base without
Greenland’s knowledge. The crisis became known as "Thulegate" in
(SFC, 11/3/01, p.C3)
1995 Denmark’s population was
about 5 million
(SFC, 5/9/97, p.A4)
1996 Mar 10, Bandido
motorcycle gang leader Uffe Larson was shot to death in
(SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A13)
1996 Apr 18, Piet Hein (80),
Danish architect, poet, mathematician, inventor, died.
1996 May, It was reported
that Danish motorcycle gangs, engaged in a 2-year feud, had left 4
people slain and 20 wounded in a rivalry between the local
chapters and supporters of Hells Angels and the Bandidos.
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.A11)
1996 Jul 7, The average cost
of a Big Mac in Denmark was $4.40.
(SFC, 7/7/96, Parade, p.17)
1996 Jul 21, Thirteen pounds
of explosives were hurled at the Hell’s Angel’s headquarters in
Copenhagen. Their compound consists of 5 buildings surrounded by a
(SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A13)
1996 Jul 21, Danish cyclist
Bjarne Riis won the Tour de France. In 2007 he admitted to using
performance enhancing drugs to win the race.
1996 Aug 3, In Denmark a
Gulfstream jet crashed and killed Copenhagen’s top military
officer and 8 others as it approached a Faroe Islands airstrip.
(WSJ, 8/5/96, p.A1)
1996 Oct 6, An explosion at
the Copenhagen headquarters of the Hells Angels killed 2 and
(SFEC, 10/6/96, A9)
1996 Nov 20, The Danish film
“Breaking the Waves" by Lars von Trier opened in SF. His other
films include “Zentropa" and “The Kingdom."
(SFC, 11/20/96, p.E3)
1996 A Danish government
admitted in a report that the United States had stored nuclear
weapons in Greenland during the Cold War, although Denmark had
banned nuclear weapons from its soil in 1957.
1997 Jun 9, Danish violinist
Nikolai Znaider won the Queen Elizabeth int’l. music prize.
(SFC, 6/10/97, p.D4)
1997 Jul 12, In Copenhagen,
the last stop of an eight-day European tour, President Clinton
said political divisions in Europe were closing.
1997 Jul 31, Denmark was
named the least corrupt country in the world by business people in
a report released by the German-based Transparency Int’l.
(SFC, 8/1/97, p.B3)
1997 Denmark staged a
contest to crown one of its islands as a “renewable energy"
island. Samsoe Island’s entry, led by engineer Aage Johnson, won
(WSJ, 2/9/06, p.A11)
1998 Jan 5, The bronze head
of the Little Mermaid was again sawed off in Copenhagen harbor.
(SFC, 1/7/98, p.A9)(MC, 1/5/02)
1998 Jan 9, The decapitated
head of Danish Little Mermaid was returned.
1998 Feb 1, The head of the
Little Mermaid reattached in Copenhagen.
(SFC, 2/3/98, p.A7)
1998 Apr 27, Some 550,000
Danish workers walked of their jobs after unions turned down a
compromise contract. The unions called for a 6th week of paid
(SFC, 4/30/98, p.A10)
1998 May 6, The Danish
government intervened to end a ten day strike by 500,000 workers.
It was planned to make strikes illegal until March, 2000, and
offered 2 extra vacation days and an additional 3 days of family
leave for working parents with children under 14.
(WSJ, 5/7/98, p.A16)
1998 May 21, Jack Lynd (71),
San Francisco cab driver, news writer, jazz aficionado (Café
Babar), died of cancer in Denmark. His work included the book
1998 The Danish film "The
Kingdom II" was the 2nd of a series by director Lars von Trier. It
starred Ernst-Hugo Jaregard and Kristen Riolffes. It was about
some bizarre and horrifying occurrences at a city hospital in
(SFC, 5/25/98, p.E3)
1999 Mar 5, Denmark's
parliament voted 81-27 to legalize prostitution, effective Jul 1.
(SFC, 3/6/99, p.A14)
1999 May 30, Kirsten Ralov
(77), one of the Denmark's greatest ballerinas, died in Copenhagen
(SFC, 6/5/99, p.A22)
1999 The new Royal Library in
Copenhagen opened with the nickname "The Black Diamond." It
included a 600-seat concert hall.
(SFEC, 2/20/00, p.T8)
1999 The Danish film "Pusher"
starred Kim Bodnia and was written and directed by Nicolas Winding
Refn. It was the portrait of a small-time drug dealer in
(SFC, 11/1/99, p.E3)
2000 Mar 17, Denmark informed
the 18 Faeroe Islands that they would have to give up subsidies in
4 years if they wanted independence.
(SFC, 3/18/00, p.C1)
2000 Jul 1, The Oeresund
Fixed Link (Oresund Bridge), the centerpiece of a $3.5 billion,
10-mile rail, motorway, bridge and tunnel project between
Copenhagen and southern Sweden was scheduled for completion.
Danish Queen Margrethe II met with Swedish King Carl Gustaf XVI on
the artificial isle of Peberholm, half way across.
(WSJ, 5/26/00, p.A20)(SFEC, 6/25/00, p.T3)
2000 Jun 30, In Denmark at
least 8 people were crushed to death at the Roskilde rock festival
during a Pearl Jam concert.
(SFC, 7/1/00, p.A12)
2000 Sep 28, Danes voted
53-47% not to join the European Monetary Union.
(SFC, 9/28/00, p.A12)(SFC, 9/29/00, p.A18)
2000 Nov 7, Denmark’s Queen
Mother Ingrid (90) died. She was born Ingrid Victoria Sofie Louise
Margaretha at the royal castle in Stockholm as the daughter of
King Gustaf VI Adolf.
(SFC, 11/8/00, p.B7)
2000 Dec, Denmark’s
Middelgrunden Wind Farm offshore wind power facility was
completed. The 20 turbines generated power for 32,000 households.
(SFC, 4/23/01, p.A1)
2000 Denmark exported $191
million worth of pork to the US. Ribs accounted for $100 million.
(WSJ, 3/19/00, p.A1)
2000 Genmab, a biotech
company based in Denmark, went public with Dr. Lisa Drakeman of
the US as CEO. Drakeman, with a doctorate in the history of
religion, had gained biotech experience in Medarex, a firm created
by her husband. In 2006 GlaxoSmithKline paid $357 million for a
10% stake in the company.
(Econ, 6/14/08, p.84)
2001 Mar 29, An oil tanker
collided with a freighter in the Baltic Sea and some 550,000
gallons of oil were spilled and drifted toward Denmark.
(SFC, 3/30/01, p.D4)
2001 Nov 20, The Liberal
(Venstre) Party under Anders Fogh Rasmussen (1953) won elections
in Denmark. It formed a minority government with the Conservative
2001 KaZaA, an internet
file-sharing program, was founded in Amsterdam by Niklas Zennstrom
of Sweden and Janus Friis of Denmark. In 2003 they launched Skype
software for internet telephony.
2001 Braathens, a Norwegian
airline, was taken over by the SAS Group, partly owned by the
governments of Sweden, Denmark and Norway. It merged with SAS in
2002 Mar 3, Denmark generated
13% of its electricity from wind and planned to raise the figure
to 50% by 2030.
(SSFC, 3/3/02, p.A3)
2002 Mar 6, In Kabul,
Afghanistan, 3 Danish and 2 German peacekeeping soldiers were
killed while defusing a soviet era missile.
(WSJ, 3/7/02, p.A1)
2002 May 31, Denmark’s
Parliament voted to stiffen rules on immigration.
(SFC, 6/1/02, p.A9)
2002 Jul 6, Asian and
European finance ministers meeting in Copenhagen were presented a
study that called for the creation of a currency basket system and
ultimately a single Asian currency. The study was part of the Kobe
Research Project, an initiative launched by ASEM in 2001.
2002 Sep 24, The Danish
government announced that the US will return to Denmark a section
of the U.S. air base at Thule in northern Greenland that was
created in 1953.
2002 Oct 30, Danish police
arrested Akhmed Zakayev (43), a top aide to Aslan Maskhadov,
former Chechen president.
(SFC, 10/31/02, p.A31)
2003 Mar 17, In Soro,
Denmark, Nizar Al-Khazraji (65), former Iraqi general,
(WSJ, 4/9/03, p.A1)(SFC, 4/16/03, p.A11)
2003 Jun 2, In Denmark
Thorkild Grosboel, a Lutheran minister, was suspended for saying
that God doesn't exist and there is no eternal life. Lutheran
pastors in Denmark are employed by the state and bishops cannot
(AP, 6/3/03)(Econ, 6/28/03, p.55)
2003 Aug 7, Denmark's
unemployment rate rose in June to 6.2 percent, the highest level
in almost five years.
2003 Sep 23, A power outage
struck the capital of Denmark and southern Sweden, leaving nearly
4 million people without electricity.
2003 Oct, Denmark cut taxes
on spirits by 45%.
(Econ, 11/15/03, p.49)
2003 Dec 16, A fire broke out
at Denmark's North Sea Museum, destroying much of the building
housing Europe's largest aquarium.
2003 Denmark became the first
country in the world to introduce restrictions on the use of
industrially produced trans fatty acids. Oils and fats were
forbidden on the Danish market if they contain trans fatty acids
2003 Denmark, population 5.4
million, stood as the world's biggest exporter of pork as some
13,000 farmers raised 24 million pigs.
(Econ, 8/9/03, p.44)
2004 Jan 4, In Denmark
residents who openly bought and sold hashish at a famous hippie
enclave in Copenhagen abruptly demolished their booths, trying to
head off a Danish government crackdown on illegal drug sales.
2004 Jan 11, Danish and
Icelandic troops reported a cache of 36 shells buried in the Iraqi
desert, and preliminary tests showed they contained a liquid
blister agent. The 120mm mortar shells are thought to be left over
from the eight-year war between Iraq and neighboring Iran, which
ended in 1988.
2004 Feb 24, The 1st charges
were filed against 2 detainees in Guantanamo. Slimane Hadj
Abderrahmane, a Danish citizen, was released from Guantanamo after
being held for 747 days. In 2007 he was arrested in Denmark on
suspicion of withdrawing $18,900 from other people's accounts
using stolen debit cards and PIN codes.
(WSJ, 2/25/04, p.A1)(AP, 8/17/07)
2004 Mar 16, In Denmark
police raided Copenhagen's famed hippie enclave of Christiania,
detaining 53 people in a major crackdown on the open sale of
hashish. The enclave took root in 1971 when dozens of hippies
moved into the derelict 18th-century fort on state-owned land.
2004 Apr 11, Henrik Frandsen,
a 35-year-old plumber from Copenhagen, was reported missing in
Iraq. Iraqi police found his body the next day.
2004 Apr, Bjorn Lomborg
(b.1965), Danish environmentalist, was named one of the 100
globally most influential people by Time magazine. In May he
organized the Copenhagen Consensus, a list of priorities to make
the world a better place. In 2006 he authored “Global Crises,
2004 May 14, In Copenhagen,
Denmark, Australian Mary Donaldson married Danish Crown Prince
Frederik, becoming Crown Princess Mary.
2004 Jun, The Danish
government raised the fine for smoking hash in public to $90 and
ordered clubs where it was smoked to be shut down.
(SSFC, 10/31/04, p.A3)
2004 Jul 1, Law 205 took
effect in Denmark and required residents to register themselves
and their homes with the government.
(SSFC, 10/31/04, p.A3)
2004 Jul 12, The Danish
government upheld the clerical suspension of a Lutheran minister
who proclaimed last year that there was no God or afterlife, and
he now could be fired or fined for declaring his beliefs in the
2004 Oct 4, The Denmark
Science Ministry said it aims to show the North Pole belongs to
Denmark and is sending an expedition to try to prove that the
seabed there is a natural continuation of Danish territory.
2004 Oct, Some 10,000 people
marched on Denmark’s parliament to protest Law 205.
(SSFC, 10/31/04, p.A3)
2005 Jan 1, Denmark was
forecast for 2.5% GDP growth with a population at 5.4 million and
GDP per head at $48,920.
(Econ, 1/8/05, p.87)
2005 Jan 1, Denmark’s PM
Anders Fogh Rasmussen, in response to cartoons published by
Jyllands-Posten depicting the prophet Muhammad, condemned in his
new year’s speech any attempt to demonize groups of people on the
basis of religion or ethnic background.
(Econ, 1/7/06, p.44)
2005 Jan 8, Hurricane-force
winds swept across northern Europe, leaving at least 13 dead
including 3 in Carlisle, England, 4 in Denmark and 6 in Sweden.
2005 Jan 15, Denmark’s
waterfront opera house opened in Copenhagen. Arnold Maersk
McKinney Moeller put up $440 million for the project.
2005 Feb 8, Danes voted in
parliamentary elections dominated by competing strategies for
strengthening the country's cradle-to-grave welfare state and
tightening immigration. Danes re-elected center-right PM Rasmussen
for a 2nd term.
(AP, 2/8/05)(WSJ, 2/9/05, p.A1)
2005 May 4, The Danish
government said that the mission of Denmark's 530 troops in
southern Iraq would be extended until Feb 1.
2005 Jul 5, President Bush
thanked Iraq war ally Denmark during a stopover in Copenhagen
while en route to an international economic summit in Scotland.
2005 Aug 19, The Danish
pump-making company Grundfos said that two of its employees
accepted bribes from Iraqi officials under the United Nations'
tainted oil-for-food program.
2005 Sep 30, The Danish
newspaper Jyllands-Posten published cartoons of the Prophet
Muhammad. Death threats against the artists soon followed with
protest strikes in Kashmir, condemnation from Muslim leaders
worldwide and even criticism from the UN. The paper refused to
apologize for publishing the drawings, citing freedom of speech, a
right cherished in this northern European country of 5.4 million,
that also refused to prosecute an artist who depicted a crucified
Jesus Christ with an erection. Kurt Westergaard created one of the
cartoons, which featured the Prophet Muhammad with a bomb in his
turban. In 2008 Westergaard offered to sell the cartoon. In 2009
Jytte Klausen authored “The Cartoons That Shook the World."
(AP, 12/9/05)(WSJ, 2/29/08, p.A1)(Econ,
2005 Oct 27, In Denmark 4
young Muslims were arrested for helping to supply weapons and
explosives for a planned terror attack in Europe. They helped two
main suspects in Bosnia get hold of weapons and explosives with
the aim of committing a terror act. In 2007 a Danish court
convicted Abdul Basit Abu-Lifa (17) and sentenced him to 7 years
in jail. In 2008 Elias Ibn Hsain was acquitted on charges that he
(AP, 8/24/06)(AP, 2/16/07)
2005 Denmark’s budget surplus
hit 3.9% of GDP this year.
(Econ, 9/9/06, p.29)
2005 Universal Robots was
founded in Denmark to make robot arms that were light and easily
(Econ, 3/29/14, SR p.6)
2006 Jan 26, Saudi Arabia
recalled its ambassador in Denmark to protest a published series
of caricatures of the prophet Muhammad. Protests spread across the
Muslim world for weeks, and dozens of people were killed.
2006 Jan 29, Denmark's PM
said his government could not act against satirical cartoons of
the Prophet Mohammed after Libya closed its embassy in Copenhagen
amid growing Muslim anger over the dispute.
2006 Jan 30, The controversy
over Danish caricatures of Prophet Muhammad escalated as gunmen
seized an EU office in Gaza and Muslims appealed for a trade
boycott of Danish products. Denmark called for its citizens in the
Middle East to exercise vigilance. A roadside bomb targeted a
joint Danish-Iraqi military patrol near the southern city of
2006 Feb 5, Thousands of
Muslims rampaged in Beirut, setting fire to the Danish Embassy,
burning Danish flags and lobbing stones at a Maronite Catholic
church as violent protests spread over caricatures of the Prophet
2006 Feb 6, Analysts and
companies said the boycott of Danish goods called by Islamic
countries to protest the publication of Prophet Muhammad
caricatures was costing Danish businesses more than $1 million a
2006 Feb 11, Denmark said it
has temporarily withdrawn its ambassadors from Syria, Iran and
Indonesia because their safety was at risk in the wake of a Danish
newspaper's publication of drawings of the Prophet Muhammad.
2006 Feb 19, Almost five
months after publishing 12 cartoons of the prophet to highlight
what it described as self-censorship, Denmark’s Jyllands-Posten
newspaper printed a full-page apology in a Saudi-owned pan-Arab
2006 Mar 23, A Danish soldier
was killed by a roadside bomb in southern Iraq. He was the third
Danish soldier to die in the conflict.
2006 Mar 29, A group of 27
Danish Muslim organizations have filed a defamation lawsuit
against the newspaper that first published the caricatures of
Islam's Prophet Muhammad.
2006 Apr 6, Cheese and butter
from the Danish company Arla were back on supermarket shelves in
Saudi Arabia after an Islamic group ended a boycott of the dairy
producer sparked by Denmark's publication of drawings of the
2006 Aug 24, A Danish
prosecutor charged four young Muslims with helping to supply
weapons and explosives for a planned terror attack in Europe. The
four men, arrested in Denmark last October 27, helped the two main
suspects in Bosnia get hold of weapons and explosives with the aim
of committing a terror act.
2006 Sep 5, Danish
authorities said they foiled a serious terror plot with the arrest
of nine men accused of preparing explosives for a planned attack
in Denmark. The suspects were Danish citizens between the ages of
18 and 33. Eight of them had immigrant backgrounds. In 2007 a jury
in Copenhagen handed down guilty verdicts to Mohammad Zaher (34),
Ahmad Khaldhadi (22), and Abdallah Andersen (32). Riad Anwer
Daabas (19) was acquitted. Zaher and Khaldhadi, described as the
two most active, were each sentenced to 11 years in prison, while
Andersen was given a four-year sentence.
(AP, 9/5/06)(AP, 11/24/07)
2006 Sep 24, In Copenhagen,
Denmark, youths angered at a court decision to evict squatters
from a downtown building hurled stones, bottles and eggs at police
during a protest. More than 200 were detained.
2006 Oct 4, Professor Eugene
Polzik and his team at the Niels Bohr Institute at Copenhagen
University in Denmark reported a breakthrough in teleportation by
using both light and matter.
2006 Dec 16, In Copenhagen,
Denmark, police fired tear gas and detained up to 300 people after
protesters attacked them with cobblestones and fireworks during a
demonstration against the planned eviction of squatters from a
2007 Jan 21, The Danish
container ship Eleonora Maersk, one of the largest ships in the
world, was officially registered.
2007 Feb 1, Ahmed Abu Laban
(60), Denmark's most prominent Muslim leader and a central figure
in last year's uproar over the Prophet Muhammad cartoons, died
2007 Feb 5, A Cold War-era
Soviet submarine that was being towed to Thailand sank off
northwestern Denmark. The Soviet Union built more than 200
Whiskey-class submarines during the Cold War, many of which are
now being offered for sale by private companies.
2007 Feb 21, Denmark’s PM
Rasmussen said that his country will withdraw its 460-member
contingent from southern Iraq by August and transfer security
responsibilities to Iraqi forces.
2007 Mar 1, In Denmark dozens
of people were arrested after angry protesters threw cobblestones
at police when an anti-terror squad started a disputed eviction of
squatters from a building in downtown Copenhagen.
2007 Mar 4, Copenhagen police
arrested dozens of people in a third straight day of unrest
triggered by the eviction of squatters from a disputed youth
2007 Mar 5, In Copenhagen,
Denmark, demolition crews started tearing down a graffiti-sprayed
brick building, prompting tears and cries of protest from youths
whose eviction from the makeshift cultural center led to three
nights of rioting. The Youth House served since 1982 as a popular
cultural center for anarchists, punk rockers and left-wing groups.
The squatters considered it free public housing, but courts
ordered them out after the city sold the building to a Christian
congregation. Ruth Evensen, leader of the small congregation that
bought the Youth House in 2001, said the four-story structure had
to be torn down because it was "a total wreck" and posed a fire
(AP, 3/5/07)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.48)
2007 Mar 14, In Denmark 7
people who raised money for Colombian guerrillas and Palestinian
militants through T-shirt sales were charged under Denmark's
2007 Apr 1, Danish
researchers reported that they have isolated bacterial enzymes
that effectively remove sugar molecules from red blood cells that
provoke an immune reactions. This would allow conversion of the A,
B, and AB blood types into Type O, the universal donor type that
can be given to anyone.
(SFC, 4/2/07, p.A2)
2007 Apr 10, Peter Brixtofte
(57), the free-spending Danish mayor of Hilleroed (1986-2002), was
convicted of abusing his office and sentenced to two years in
prison. He had became hugely popular for offering free vacations
to retirees and computers to school children.
2007 May 15, In Denmark
hundreds of black-clad youths clashed with police in Copenhagen,
barricading streets and setting fire to cars to protest the
demolition of a building in the free-wheeling Christiania
2007 Jun 23, Authorities said
an outbreak of distemper has been killing seal pups off the coast
of Denmark, warning that thousands of seals could die if the
disease spreads to other northern European countries.
2007 Jun 29, Germany and
Denmark agreed to build an 11-mile bridge spanning the waters
between the two nations and cut travel times between Scandinavia
and central Europe.
2007 Jul 27, Victor Frunza
(72), a Romanian anti-communist dissident and writer, died in
Denmark of a heart attack. He was forced to leave Romania in 1980
after writing a letter critical of the communist regime led by
dictator Nicolae Ceausescu. While in Romania, Frunza secretly
wrote a history of communism in the country that was published in
Denmark in 1984. He also wrote essays championing human rights and
published a political magazine.
2007 Aug 1, Denmark, France
and Indonesia offered to contribute to a joint UN-African Union
mission for Darfur, a 26,000-strong force expected to be made up
mostly of peacekeepers from Africa with backup from Asian troops.
Sudan accepted a UN resolution approving a joint African Union-UN
peacekeeping force in Darfur.
(AP, 8/1/07)(AFP, 8/1/07)
2007 Aug 5, The last men of a
Danish battalion of 450 ground troops left Iraq.
2007 Aug 10, Denmark was
reported to be planning a monthlong expedition, to begin Aug 12,
to seek evidence that the Lomonosov Ridge, a 1,240-mile underwater
mountain range, is attached to the Danish territory of Greenland,
making it a geological extension of the Arctic island.
2007 Aug 22, Denmark's
government said Somali pirates released the crew of a hijacked
Danish cargo ship after receiving a ransom payment.
2007 Sep 2, In Copenhagen,
Denmark, a protest by hundreds of youth activists turned violent,
with protesters setting fire to street barricades and cars and
smashing shop windows. Officers used tear gas to disperse the
crowd. The unrest started after a demonstration the previous day
commemorating the Youth House, a makeshift cultural center for the
city's anarchists and disaffected youth that was demolished in
2007 Sep 4, Denmark's
intelligence service arrested eight Islamic militants linked to
leading al-Qaida figures, and said the suspects were plotting an
attack involving explosives.
2007 Sep 26, Transparency
International's 2007 index ranked Myanmar and Somalia as the most
corrupt nations. Both received the lowest score of 1.4 out of 10.
Denmark, Finland and New Zealand were ranked the least corrupt,
each scoring 9.4.
2007 Oct 5, Chinese medical
officials agreed not to transplant organs from prisoners or others
in custody, except into members of their immediate families. The
agreement was reached at a meeting of the World Medical
Association in Copenhagen.
2007 Nov 13, Voting began in
Denmark's national election, with polls showing that the
center-right government needs a new ally to stay in power despite
a strong economy and low unemployment. Danes re-elected the
governing coalition to a third term, endorsing its economic and
tough immigration policies. Fogh Rasmussen’s blue block won 90
seats, just enough for a majority. The New Alliance Party of Naser
Khader won just 5 seats. Pia Kjaersgaard’s far-right Danish
People’s party won 25 seats.
(AP, 11/13/07)(Econ, 11/17/07, p.59)
2007 Nov 29, In Afghanistan 2
Danish soldiers were killed in a gunbattle with the Taliban. They
were part of a Danish reconnaissance unit that came under fire in
Gereshk Valley in Helmand Province. Denmark has some 600 troops in
Helmand province that are part of NATO's 40,000-member force in
2008 Feb 12, Danish police
said they have arrested three people suspected of plotting to kill
one of the 12 cartoonists behind the Prophet Muhammad drawings
that sparked a deadly uproar in the Muslim world two years ago.
2007 Global wind power
amounted to about 1,200 megawatts with Denmark accounting for
about a third and Britain in 2nd place with 400 megawatts.
(WSJ, 11/29/07, p.B2)
2008 Feb 15, In northern
Copenhagen gangs of rioters set fire to cars and garbage trucks,
the sixth night of rioting and vandalism that has spread from the
capital to other Danish cities.
2008 Mar 31, A clash in
southern Afghanistan killed a Danish soldier and wounded two
others. A separate attack on a NATO patrol killed two British
troops. an airstrike killed three men irrigating land close to a
road in Kandahar province. The men may have been mistaken for
militants planting roadside bombs. In Helmand province police
arrested Mullah Naqibullah, a senior Taliban commander who has
escaped twice from Afghan prisons. Naqibullah was nabbed during a
clash that left three insurgents dead.
(AP, 3/31/08)(AP, 4/1/08)
2008 Jun 2, In Pakistan a
huge car bomb exploded outside the Danish Embassy in Islamabad,
killing at least six people and wounding dozens more. Danish
security said that al-Qaida or an al-Qaida-related group likely
was behind the attack.
2008 Jul 25, In southern
Afghanistan a Danish soldier died in a roadside bomb attack. The
death brings the number of Danish troops killed in Afghanistan
since 2001 to 15. 3 Taliban militants died in a fight with police
in the Gereshk district of Helmand province.
2008 Aug 25, The Danish
central bank said it has taken over Roskilde Bank, the nation's
10th largest bank. The 124-year-old institution had been
struggling amid global financial turmoil and mounting losses on
mortgage loans as housing prices fell in Denmark.
2008 Oct 6, European
governments struggled to find a coordinated approach to the crisis
sweeping financial markets, as Denmark became the latest country
to guarantee bank deposits, putting more pressure on Britain and
other countries to follow.
2008 Oct 21, In Denmark
Hammad Khuershid, a Danish citizen of Pakistani origin, and
Abdoulghani Tokhi, an Afghan, were convicted of preparing a
terrorist attack. They were secretly filmed mixing the type of
explosive used in the 2005 London transit bombing. They were
arrested in the Copenhagen area in September 2007. Khuershid and
Tokhi were sentenced to 12 and seven years in prison,
2008 Nov 7, Pirates near
Somalia hijacked a Danish cargo ship with 13 crew members, which
consisted of Russians and Ukrainians. The CEC Future was
released on January 16 following a ransom payment by Clipper
(AP, 11/8/08)(AP, 1/16/09)
2008 Nov 29, Joern Utzon
(b.1918), the Danish architect who designed the iconic Sydney
Opera House (1957), died. In 2003 Utzon won the Pritzker prize.
(AP, 11/29/08)(Econ, 12/13/08, p.104)
2008 Dec 4, The Danish navy
intercepted and sunk a suspected pirate vessel drifting off
Somalia. 7 men were handed over to authorities in Yemen but were
not immediately suspected of any crime.
2008 Dec 4, In Afghanistan 2
Danish soldiers serving with NATO's force were killed in southern
Helmand province. The governor of Afghanistan's key southern
Kandahar province said he was sacked by the central government and
complained that powerful people in his region had been sabotaging
his work. US-led troops killed four militants in Helmand province,
after the insurgents fired on a joint US-Afghan patrol.
(AFP, 12/4/08)(AP, 12/4/08)(AP, 12/5/08)
2008 Dec 6, In Denmark
"Gomorra," a movie by Italian director Matteo Garrone about
Naples' criminal underworld, won the best film prize at the 21st
annual European Film Awards.
2008 Dec 11, As Greece
suffered through its sixth day of violence, there were troubling
signs of unrest spreading across Europe. Angry youths smashed shop
windows, attacked banks and hurled bottles at police in small but
violent protests in Spain and Denmark, while cars were set alight
outside a consulate in France.
2008 Dec 16, The central
banks of Sweden and Denmark came to the aid of Latvia with
currency swap agreements. This enabled the Bank of Latvia, to
borrow as much as €500 million.
(WSJ, 12/17/08, p.C2)
2008 Dec 16, Stein Bagger,
Danish business executive, was sent back to Denmark from the US,
where he had surrendered following the exposure of an estimated
$185 swindle in his firm, IT Factory.
(WSJ, 12/17/08, p.A1)
2008 Dec 19, Three Danish
soldiers and one from the Netherlands were killed in separate
incidents in Afghanistan, losing their lives just as the
commitment of some countries to the fight in Afghanistan begins to
2008 Dec 31, In Denmark a
gunman shot and wounded two Israelis working at the Rosengaard
mall in Odense. Police son arrested a 27-year-old Dane born in
Lebanon of Palestinian parents.
(AP, 1/1/09)(AP, 1/2/09)
2009 Jan 15, Denmark's
central bank lowered its key interest rate by 0.75 to 3 percent.
2009 Jan 18, Denmark said it
is expanding its financial rescue package by lending the country’s
banks and mortgage $17.8 billion.
(SFC, 1/19/09, p.D1)
2009 Feb 23, Denmark seized
control of Fionia Bank A/S by injecting about $172 million in a
deal that will take away shareholder control and split the bank
into two parts until a sale can be realized. The bank was hit by
mounting losses on bad loans to property developers.
(WSJ, 2/24/09, p.C2)
2009 Feb 25, Danish and
Chinese warships stopped pirates attacking two different vessels
off Somalia's coast.
2009 Apr 5, In Denmark Lars
Lokke Rasmussen (b.1964) began serving as prime minister.
2009 May 26, In Denmark
business leaders attending the World Business Summit on Climate
Change urged governments to order steep and mandatory cuts in
greenhouse gases, favoring a cap-and-trade system instead of a tax
to set a market price for carbon waste.
2009 May 26, A Danish court
ruled that residents of Copenhagen's counterculture Christiania
neighborhood have no right to use the former navy base they took
over in 1971. The residents planned to appeal.
2009 Jun 17, In southern
Afghanistan 3 Danish soldiers were when a bomb exploded as their
vehicle passed down Highway 1 heading toward the town of Barakhzai
in Helmand province.
2009 Jun 21, In China the
Danish-Swedish comedy “Original," about mental illness, won the
best picture at the 12th Shanghai International Film Festival. It
also took the best actor award for lead Sverrir Gudnason.
2009 Jun 24, Denmark's Post
Danmark A/S and Sweden's Posten AB merged to form the new holding
company Posten Norden AB in the industry’s first-ever cross border
2009 Aug 3, Anders Fogh
Rasmussen, a former Danish prime minister, took office as NATO's
new secretary-general. He said his top priorities would be guiding
the war in Afghanistan to a successful conclusion, repairing ties
with Russia, and expanding NATO's partnership with moderate
nations in North Africa and the Middle East.
2009 Aug 28, Denmark
announced the 5 winners of its biennial Index design awards. The
winners included: Kiva.org, of the SF Bay Area for bringing money
and intellectual capital to the working poor; Better Place, of the
SF Bay Area for a clean energy system for all-electric cars; the
Freeplay fetal heart rate monitor; Philip Design for its
India-team designed safe kitchen stove for one-room homes; and
Rotterdam-based Pig 05049 for its list of 185 good and bad
products made from a single pig.
(SFC, 8/29/09, p.E1)
2009 Sep 21, A Danish court
rejected the military's request to stop a book by a former special
forces soldier from being published. Denmark's armed forces had
asked the Bailiff's Court in Copenhagen to ban Thomas Rathsack's
book, "Ranger: At War With the Elite," for national security
reasons. It describes operations that he took part in as a member
of an army ranger unit in Afghanistan and Iraq.
2009 Sep 24, In Vietnam 9
North Koreans took refuge in Denmark's embassy in Hanoi seeking
political asylum and passage to Seoul. On Oct 20 they left the
mission and were on their way to South Korea.
(Reuters, 10/20/09)(SFC, 9/25/09, p.A2)
2009 Oct 2, In Denmark the
IOC opened a meeting hearing the cases led by government leaders
and kings to win the right to stage the 2016 Olympic Games. US
Pres. Obama spoke for Chicago, Japan's new PM Yukio Hatoyama spoke
for Tokyo, Brazil's President Luiz Inacio Lula Da Silva spoke for
Rio de Janeiro, and Spain's King Juan Carlos and PM Jose Luis
Rodriguez Zapatero spoke for Spain. Brazil won the bid.
(AFP, 10/2/09)(AP, 10/3/09)
2009 Oct 2, President Barack
Obama, while in Copenhagen, met with General Stanley McChrystal,
the top commander of US and NATO troops in Afghanistan, for the
first time since McChrystal presented a grim assessment of the war
effort and requesting more troops.
2009 Oct 23, In southern
Afghanistan 2 US soldiers were killed by a home-made bomb. A
Danish soldier lost his life in clashes with Taliban-led
insurgents in the same region.
2009 Dec 3, In Somalia a male
suicide bomber dressed as a woman attacked a university graduation
ceremony in a small part of Mogadishu still under government
control, killing 24 people, including three Cabinet ministers and
three journalists. The president of Benadir University said 43
students were taking part in the graduation ceremony at the Shamo
Hotel. The bomber was later reported to be a Danish citizen of
(AP, 12/3/09)(AP, 12/4/09)(AP, 12/10/09)
2009 Dec 7, In Denmark the
largest and most important UN climate change conference in history
opened in Copenhagen, with organizers warning diplomats from 192
nations that this could be the last best chance for a deal to
protect the world from calamitous global warming. This was the
15th conference of the parties to the 1992 UNFCCC in Rio de
(AP, 12/7/09)(Econ, 12/5/09, SR p.3)
2009 Dec 11, EU leaders
agreed to commit euro2.4 billion ($3.6 billion) a year until 2012
to help poorer countries combat global warming, as they sought to
rescue their image as climate change innovators and bolster the
talks in Copenhagen. A new draft agreement at the climate talks
pulled together the main elements of a global pact but left gaping
holes on financing and cutting greenhouse gas emissions for world
leaders to fill in next week.
2009 Dec 12, In Denmark
violence broke out in Copenhagen as tens of thousands took to the
streets to demand tough measures on climate change, with
demonstrators around the world rallying for action instead of
2009 Dec 14, In Denmark
China, India and other developing nations boycotted UN climate
talks, bringing negotiations to a halt with their demand that rich
countries discuss much deeper cuts in their greenhouse gas
emissions. Representatives from 135 developing countries said they
refused to participate in any formal working groups at the
192-nation summit until the issue was resolved. African nations
agreed to resume UN climate talks in Copenhagen after a half-day
suspension, accusing rich countries of trying to kill the existing
(AP, 12/14/09)(Reuters, 12/14/09)
2009 Dec 16, In Denmark
police fired pepper spray and beat protesters with batons outside
the UN climate conference, as disputes inside left major issues
unresolved just two days before world leaders hope to sign a
historic agreement to fight global warming.
2009 Dec 17, In Copenhagen US
Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton sought to put new life
into flagging UN climate talks by announcing the US would join
others in raising $100 billion a year by 2020 to help poorer
nations cope with global warming.
2009 Dec 19, In Denmark the
13-day UN climate conference ended. It narrowly escaped collapse
by agreeing to recognize a political accord brokered by President
Barack Obama with China and other emerging powers. The US
supported the idea that, by 2020, $100 billion should be flowing
from the north to the south every year to pay for emissions
reduction and climate adaptation. A small group of nations blocked
the Copenhagen Accord, because it lacked specific targets for
reducing carbon emissions. After a break, the conference president
gaveled the decision to "take note" of the agreement instead of
formally approving it. Experts said that clears the way for the
accord to become operational in practice even though it has not
been formally approved by the conference. Several developing
countries, including Bolivia, Cuba, Sudan and Venezuela, bitterly
protested the deal and said it is unacceptable because it lacks
specific targets for reducing carbon emissions.
(AP, 12/19/09)(SSFC, 12/20/09, p.A1)(Econ,
2010 Jan 1, In Denmark
Muhudiin Mohamed Geele (29), a Somali man armed with an axe and
suspected of links with al Qaeda, broke into the home of Kurt
Westergaard (74), a Danish cartoonist, whose drawings of the
Prophet Mohammad caused global Muslim outrage. The attacker, who
was shot and wounded by police, was charged the next day with two
counts of attempted murder. On Feb 3, 2011, Geele was convicted of
terrorism. The next day he was sentenced to 9 years in prison to
be followed by permanent expulsion.
(Reuters, 1/2/10)(AP, 2/3/11)(Reuters, 2/4/11)
2010 Jan 28, Denmark's
government said that face-covering Muslim veils don't belong in
Danish society but no ban is needed because their use can be
limited under existing rules.
2010 Feb 5, Danish special
forces disrupted the takeover by Somali pirates of the cargo ship
Ariella in the Gulf of Aden. A frogmen unit scaled the sides of
the ship using grappling hooks, secured the bridge, released the
crew and then launched an hours-long search for a pirate the crew
2010 Feb 23, Denmark's PM
Lars Loekke Rasmussen (45) announced a major government shake-up,
changing more than a dozen Cabinet posts including the ministers
of defense, justice and foreign affairs to build his own team 10
months after taking office.
2010 Feb 26, The Danish daily
Politiken newspaper apologized for offending Muslims by reprinting
a cartoon of the Prophet Muhammad with a bomb-shaped turban,
rekindling heated debate about the limits of freedom of speech.
2010 Apr 8, In Denmark scores
of Carlsberg brewery workers walked off the job after the company
tightened rules on workplace drinking. A new policy only allowed
them to drink beer during lunch in the canteen.
(SFC, 4/9/10, p.A2)
2010 May 27, Danish container
shipping and oil group A.P. Moller-Maersk A/S said it has sold its
British supermarket chain Netto to Wal-Mart subsidiary Asda Stores
Ltd. for 778 million pounds ($1.1 billion).
2010 Jul 8, In Norway 2
suspected al-Qaida members were arrested for what Norwegian and US
officials said was a terrorist plot linked to similar plans to
bomb New York's subway and blow up a shopping mall in England. A
3rd suspect was arrested in Germany. Authorities later said the
ringleader of the plot is Mikael Davud (39), an Uighur who came to
Norway in 1999 as part of a UN refugee program and then became a
Norwegian citizen eight years later. Davud was arrested along with
suspected accomplices Shawan Sadek Saeed Bujak Bujak, an Iraqi
Kurd (37), and Uzbek national, David Jakobsen (31). Norwegian and
Danish police later said the 3 were likely planning an attack
against a Danish newspaper that caricatured the Prophet Muhammad.
(AP, 7/8/10)(AP, 8/29/10)(AP, 9/28/10)
2010 Sep 8, German Chancellor
Angela Merkel praised the bravery of illustrator Kurt Westergaard
(75), a Danish cartoonist who caricatured the Prophet Muhammad, at
an award ceremony honoring his achievements for freedom of speech.
2010 Sep 10, Danish police
surrounded a suspect in Orsted Park near the Hotel Jorgensen
following a small explosion in a bathroom at the hotel. A bomb
squad removed a bag wrapped around his waist with remote
controlled cutting pliers. The man was later identified as Lors
Doukayev, a one-legged Chechen-born boxer living in Belgium. On
May 3, 2011, Doukayev was charged with terrorism for allegedly
preparing a letter bomb that had likely been intended for a
newspaper known for publishing cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad.
On May 30, 2011, Doukayev was convicted of attempted terrorism.
The next day he was sentenced to 12 years.
(Reuters, 9/12/10)(AP, 9/15/10)(AP, 5/3/11)(AP,
2010 Sep 20, Saudi Arabia’s
Shura Council voted 62 to 56 against a memorandum of understanding
on bilateral consultations with Denmark after several members
expressed unhappiness over the publication of cartoons of the
Prophet Mohammed in a Danish newspaper.
2010 Sep 30, In Denmark
Flemming Rose's "The Tyranny of Silence," a book on the crisis
sparked by a Danish newspaper's publication of cartoons of the
Prophet Mohammed five years ago, hit stores in amid concerns over
a backlash from the Muslim world.
2010 Oct 9, A 650-foot
Lithuanian-flagged ferry was ablaze in the Baltic Sea after an
explosion on the upper deck. Firefighting ships sprayed the vessel
with water to keep it from breaking apart and spilling some 170
tons of fuel. 249 people aboard were rescued by six ships that
moved in to help after the explosion on the Lisco Gloria around
midnight. A four-person team was lowered to the ferry by
helicopter and managed to anchor the vessel off the southern tip
of the Danish island Langeland to keep it from drifting farther
2010 Oct 26, An annual report
by Transparency Int’l. marked Somalia as the most corrupt county
in the world, followed by Afghanistan, Myanmar and Iraq. Denmark,
New Zealand and Singapore tied as the world’s least corrupt
nations. The US declined to 22nd from 19th last year.
(SFC, 10/27/10, p.A2)
2010 Dec 23, It was reported
that the first pill designed to curb a person’s urge to have more
than a few drinks of alcohol was undergoing tests in Europe. The
drug (nalmafene) was developed by H. Lundbeck A/S in Valby,
(SFC, 12/23/10, p.A2)
2010 Dec 29, In Denmark 4 men
planning to shoot as many people as possible in a building housing
the newsroom of a paper that published cartoons of the Prophet
Muhammad were arrested in an operation that halted an imminent
attack. The 4 were Swedish residents, a Tunisian (44), a
Lebanese-born man (29), an Iraqi asylum seeker, and a 30-year-old
whose national origin was not released. Police in Stockholm
arrested a Swedish citizen of Tunisian origin, suspected of being
linked to the plot. Denmark freed the Iraqi suspect the next day
due to an apparent lack of evidence. The trial of Munir Awad, Omar
Abdalla Aboelazm, Mounir Ben Mohamed Dhahri and Sabhi Ben Mohamed
Zalouti opened on April 13, 2012.
(AP, 12/29/10)(AP, 12/30/10)(AP, 4/13/12)
2010 Gunnar Wetterberg,
Swedish historian, authored “The Nordic Federal State," which
proposed a pan-Nordic federation to unite Denmark, Finland,
Iceland, Norway, and Sweden under a single monarch: Denmark’s
(Econ, 11/6/10, p.66)
2010 Nets, a Denmark-based,
payments firm, was created from the merger of payments companies
in Denmark and Norway. In 2014 Nets was bought by Bain Capital and
Advent Int'l., two American private-equity firms, and ATP, a
Danish pension fund. In 2017 Hellman & Friedman, an American
private-equity firm, offered to acquire Nets for $5.3 billion.
(Econ, 9/30/17, p.66)
2011 Jan 12, A Danish cargo
ship, the M/V Leopard, came under fire from pirates approaching in
two skiffs. Since then, there's been no contact with the crew,
four Filipinos and two Danes. All were released 838 days later. In
2016 a Danish court ordered the tabloid Ekstra Bladet to pay
300,000 kroner ($46,000) each in damages to two of the seamen for
violating the privacy of Eddy Lopez and Soeren Lyngbjoern by
reporting about them during their captivity.
(AP, 1/14/11)(AP, 5/13/16)
2011 Jan 28, A Danish warship
rescued two men who escaped from pirates off the coast of East
Africa. The men were among several crew members who attempted to
shake their captors two days after their ship, the MV Beluga
Nomination, was hijacked.
2011 Feb 9, Danish police
arrested a 44-year-old man after he allegedly shot and killed his
three children and attempted to commit suicide.
2011 Feb 18, The Danish
Supreme Court gave the government the green light to take control
of Christiania, a largely self-governing Copenhagen neighborhood
that was occupied by hippies four decades ago.
2011 Feb 21, Danish shipper
Maersk announced the order of 10 colossal container ships from
South Korea’s Daewoo Shipbuilding.
(Econ, 2/26/11, p.73)
2011 Feb 24, Somali pirates
captured a sailboat carrying Danish couple Jan Quist Johansen his
wife Birgit Marie and three children (12-16), along with two adult
crew members, also Danes. All seven were released on September 6.
(AP, 3/1/11)(AP, 9/7/11)
2011 Mar 10, Forces from
Somalia’s northern region of Puntland failed in a rescue attempt
of a Danish family and 2 crew members. 5 soldiers were killed.
(SFC, 3/12/11, p.A2)
2011 Mar 19, Six Danish F-16
fighter jets landed at the US air base in Sigonella, Sicily, and a
half-dozen US aircraft arrived elsewhere as the military buildup
mounted in Italy for possible action against Libya.
2011 Apr 2, A Danish assault
team backed by helicopters freed 16 Pakistanis and 2 Iranians held
by suspected Somali pirates.
(SFC, 4/12/11, p.A2)
2011 Apr 14, Denmark's
foreign minister said she will urge US states such as Texas and
Ohio to stop using a drug produced by a Danish company in lethal
injections. Lene Espersen said she cannot take direct action
against the company that produces pentobarbital because the drug
is not exported from Denmark. It is produced by a plant in Kansas
that is owned by Denmark's Lundbeck A/S. Britain announced it was
banning the export of three such drugs to the United States.
2011 Apr 30, In Denmark the
900 residents of the Christiania hippie enclave in Copenhagen
announced they had agreed in principle to a deal that will allow
them to collectively buy the former naval base they first occupied
four decades ago.
2011 May 11, Denmark’s
government agreed to reintroduce custom checks at Danish borders.
(Econ, 5/14/11, p.68)
2011 Jun, A Danish convicted
Harry Larsen of a number of abuses, including using a baseball bat
and metal bars to beat some of his family's nine children, and
raping two of its teenage daughters. In its sentence, that court
said he should be sent to a mental health facility. On Dec 15 an
appeals court overturned the ruling and sentenced him to 11 years
2011 Jul 1, Denmark approved
a decision to re-establish permanent customs checkpoints at its
borders, removing the last hurdle to a plan aimed at stopping
crime and illegal immigration but which has been strongly
criticized in Europe as violating visa-free travel rules.
2011 Jul 1, Danish
pharmaceutical company Lundbeck Inc. said it will demand that US
distributors sign an agreement stating that they will not make the
sedative pentobarbital available for prisons using it for lethal
(SFC, 7/2/11, p.A2)
2011 Jul 5, Denmark started a
controversial plan to boost customs checks on its borders,
deploying 50 additional customs officers at crossings with Germany
2011 Aug 30, In Denmark a man
was shot dead and two others are injured after a shooting outside
a Copenhagen mosque following prayers to mark the end of the
Muslim fasting month of Ramadan.
2011 Sep 15, Danish voters
appeared set to elect their first female prime minister and end 10
years of pro-market reforms and a hardening of immigration laws.
Polls predicted a majority in the 179-seat Parliament for the
left-leaning opposition led by Social Democratic leader Helle
2011 Sep 29, A Danish court
sentenced 15 motorbike gang members to jail for six murder
attempts on rival gang members. Copenhagen's city court ruled
earlier this month that members of the Hells Angels and their
support group, AK81, were guilty of a series of shootings in the
Danish capital in 2009.
2011 Oct 1, Denmark imposed a
“fat tax" on foods such as butter and oil as a way to curb
unhealthy eating habits. The tariff on saturated fats was
abolished in November 2012.
(SFC, 10/3/11, p.A2)(Econ, 11/17/12, p.52)
2011 Oct 3, In Denmark PM
Helle Thorning-Schmidt (b.1966) took office. Her government soon
scrapped renewed customs checks at its border with Germany.
2011 Oct 17, British security
group G4S agreed to buy Denmark-based facilities company ISS for
£5.2 billion, creating the world's largest security and facilities
2011 Oct 24, In Denmark
fashion icon Margit Brandt (66) died. Her simple cuts and 1960s
miniskirts marked one of the first international breakthroughs for
2011 Oct 25, In northern
Somalia gunmen kidnapped a female American aid worker (32) and a
Danish man (60), working for the Danish Demining Group. Their
Somali colleague was placed under police custody.
(AP, 10/25/11)(AP, 10/26/11)
2011 Oct 29, In Denmark Axel
Axgil (96), whose struggle for gay rights helped make Denmark the
first country to legalize same-sex partnerships, died in
2011 Nov 3, Ivar Noergaard
(89), former Danish Economy Minister, died. He had negotiated his
country's 1973 entry into the European Union.
2011 Dec 16, Europol said
police have arrested 112 people in 22 countries after a yearlong
investigation into child pornography, warning that technology is
making combating the spread of child abuse images ever more
difficult. The investigation, code named "Operation Icarus," was
carried out under the leadership of Danish police, due to Danish
expertise in analyzing the peer-to-peer networks that were used to
2011 Dec 19, In Denmark the
Copenhagen City Court ruled that Marcel Lychau Hansen had
strangled 73-year-old Edith Louise Andrup in 1987 and 40-year-old
Lene Buchardt Rasmussen three years later. The court also found
him guilty of raping three teenagers and a 23-year-old woman in
1995 and two women in 2005 and 2010, respectively.
2012 Jan 3, The US Justice
Dept. said Maersk, a Danish shipping company, will pay $31.9
million for overcharging the US government for shipments to US
troops in Afghanistan and Iraq for several years.
(SFC, 1/4/12, p.D1)
2012 Jan 7, The Danish navy
captured a suspect pirate mothership off the Horn of Africa. They
arrested 25 suspected pirates and freed 14 people from Iran and
2012 Feb 27, Off Somalia's
coast, 2 hostages were killed as the Danish warship HDMS Absalon
intercepted a cargo vessel that had been hijacked by pirates. 17
suspected pirates were found along with 18 hostages. In July
Danish military prosecutors say a Danish soldier "very likely"
caused the death of the two hostages, but that the soldier would
not be prosecuted since anti-pirate operations are inherently
fraught with deadly risks.
(AP, 2/28/12)(AP, 7/3/12)
2012 Mar 2, Danish
prosecutors charged four people with terrorism for allegedly
planning a shooting attack on a newspaper that had printed
cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad. The 4 men from Sweden were
arrested on Dec 29, 2010.
(AP, 12/30/10)(AP, 3/2/12)
2012 Mar 16, In Denmark a
psychiatric patient (47) stabbed a doctor and two nurses at the at
Odense University Hospital, then surrendered after a 10-hour
standoff with police. The doctor and one of the nurses were in
2012 Apr 11, The Danish navy
stopped a pirate ship off the Somali coast, rescuing 12 Iranian
and Pakistani hostages and arresting their 16 captors.
2012 Apr 16, In Denmark
Arnold Maersk McKinney Moeller (98), the country’s richest man,
died. He turned two small shipping companies that his father had
created into a global giant with 108,000 workers across 130
(SFC, 4/17/12, p.C4)
2012 Apr 27, Denmark's
intelligence service said 3 men have been arrested in Copenhagen
on suspicion of plotting a terror attack after police found them
with automatic weapons and ammunition.
2012 May 28, Two Danish
brothers originally from Somalia were arrested on suspicion of
plotting a terror attack. The men were charged with receiving
training with the aim of committing an act of terror, in what were
the first known terror-trained suspects in Denmark.
2012 Jun 4, In Denmark the
Glostrup City Court handed down prison sentences to Mounir Ben
Mohamed Dhahri, Munir Awad, Omar Abdalla Aboelazm, and Sabhi Ben
Mohamed Zalouti. The 4 men, arrested on Dec 29 2010, had planned a
shooting spree at the office of a Danish newspaper that published
cartoons of the prophet Muhammed were found guilty of terrorism
and sentenced each to 12 years in prison.
2012 Jun 7, Denmark's
Parliament approved a law allowing same-sex couples to get married
in formal church weddings, effective June 15, instead of the short
blessing ceremonies that the state's Lutheran Church currently
2012 Jun 26, Denmark police
said Attan Shansonga, a former Zambian ambassador to the United
States wanted in his home country on charges of corruption, has
been arrested. He was arrested by the Zambian Anti-Corruption
Commission (ACC) in 2002 and charged with the theft of public
funds, but fled for Britain in 2004.
2012 Jun 29, Denmark decided
to extradite to Rwanda Emmanuel Mbarushimana, a man suspected of
being involved in the country's 1994 genocide.
2012 Jun, In Mozambique
Danish biotech giant Novozymes led a scheme under the Cleanstar
name whereby Mozambican farmers sell surplus cassava that is
converted to ethanol at a new facility near the central port city
of Beira. The fuel is then shipped to Maputo, where Cleanstar
sells new gas operated stoves. Some 200 stoves were sold in the
first month and another 3,000 were on order.
2012 Jul 5, In Panama the
International Whaling Commission rejected a request from Denmark
for a whaling quota for indigenous groups in Greenland. Two days
earlier it approved the renewal of bowhead whale quotas for
indigenous subsistence whaling in Alaska and Russia and for St.
Vincent and the Grenadines in the Caribbean. The United States
says it doesn't support a South Korean plan to restart whale
hunting for purportedly scientific purposes.
2012 In northern Denmark
Michael Stokbro Larsen (16) found Viking-era coins and other items
with a metal detector in a field. The coins displayed a
distinctive cross motif attributed to Norse King Harald Bluetooth,
who is believed to have brought Christianity to Norway and
2013 Jan 3, Coalition
military officials in Afghanistan said an elite Danish soldier was
killed overnight by an explosive device.
2013 Apr 10, A Danish man
(31) was acquitted of molesting two 17-year-old girls after he was
found to suffer from a rare sleep disorder known as "sexsomnia."
2013 Apr 28, A fire blazed
through The Museum of Danish Resistance in Copenhagen, destroying
large parts of the building but most of the collection was saved.
2013 Jun 18, Vincent Clerc of
the Copenhagen-based company's shipping unit said MSC
Mediterranean Shipping Company S.A. and CMA CGM of France, the
world's three biggest shipping container operators, will form the
P3 alliance with Maersk Line.
2013 Nov 8, Denmark said it
would provide transport and security for the international effort
to destroy Syria's arsenal of chemical weapons, after receiving a
request from the UN.
2013 Dec 6, The death toll
from hurricane-force Storm Xaver sweeping across northern Europe
rose to 6 when high winds hurled a tree limb against a car,
killing 3 people in Poland. Britain and Denmark had already
reported 3 deaths. Thousands of people in Britain faced a second
day of flooding as the country confronted its worst tidal surge in
60 years after Xaver roared across northern Europe.
(Reuters, 12/6/13)(AP, 12/6/13)
2013 Dec 19, Danish lawmakers
approved sending a cargo ship and a warship to pick up Syria's
most dangerous chemical weapons.
2013 Dec 27, Danish drugmaker
Lundbeck said it has received marketing authorization from the
European Commission for its antidepressant Brintellix following
approval in the United States in September.
2013 Dec 30, Disarmament
teams returned Scandinavian escort vessels to port as they
accepted an end-of-year deadline for the removal of Syrian
chemical weapons could no longer be met. Norway and Denmark were
providing ships to transfer the the chemical weapons to the Cape
Ray, an American-owned ship fitted with equipment to break down
lethal chemical agents to an industrial toxic waste.
(AFP, 12/31/13)(Econ, 12/14/13, p.58)
2014 Jan 14, In India a
Danish tourist (51) was gang-raped, robbed and beaten in New Delhi
after she got lost and approached a group of men for directions
back to her hotel near Connaught Place. Nine attackers took her to
a secluded spot, robbed her and raped her repeatedly at
knifepoint. On June 10, 2016, five men were sentenced to life in
prison for the attack. One of the accused men died during trial in
February. Three who were younger than 18 at the time of the attack
were handed to the Juvenile Justice Board to remain in custody
until they are 18 and reformed.
(AP, 1/15/14)(AP, 6/10/16)
2014 Jan 30, A small
socialist party quit Denmark's coalition government amid discord
over plans to sell a stake in state-controlled Dong Energy to
Goldman Sachs and other investors.
2014 Feb 9, Danish director
Lars von Trier brought an extra-long version of his "Nymphomaniac
Volume I" to the Berlin International Film Festival, a cut that
increases to nearly 2½ hours the first installment of the two-part
drama about a woman's sexual life from girlhood to age 50.
2014 Feb 9, Gabriel Axel
(b.1918), the first Dane to win an Oscar for best foreign film
with "Babette's Feast" (1987) which he directed, died.
2014 Feb 27, Uganda shrugged
off foreign aid cuts and int’l criticism of its tough new anti-gay
law, saying it could do without Western aid. Denmark, Norway and
the Netherlands cut aid over Uganda’s anti-gay law.
(AFP, 2/27/14)(SFC, 2/28/14, p.A4)
2014 May 10, The finals of
the 59th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest took place in
Copenhagen, Denmark. Austrian bearded drag queen Conchita Wurst,
the alter ego of 25-year-old Thomas Neuwirth (25), won the
2014 Aug 12, Danish officials
said a listeria outbreak caused by contaminated sausages may have
killed 10 people during the past few months. A small meat producer
in Copenhagen was closed down Aug 11.
2014 Sep 5, In central
Denmark at least 3 people were killed and fourth person was
missing after a small private helicopter crashed into the sea.
2014 Sep 26, Danish PM Helle
Thorning-Schmidt said her government would send four operational
planes and three reserve jets along with 250 pilots and support
staff in the fight against the Islamic State group in Iraq. The
deployment will last for 12 months.
2014 Nov 13, Eight northern
European nations (Britain, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Latvia,
Lithuania, Norway, Sweden) agreed to step up cooperation to
counter an increase in Moscow's military activity that has
included a tripling of NATO intercepts of Russian jets this year.
2014 Dec 15, Denmark claimed
ownership of around 900,000 square km of the continental shelf in
the Arctic Ocean north of Greenland by filing documents to United
2015 Jan 6, A Danish court
sentenced seven men to prison for dealing hashish at Copenhagen's
famed hippie enclave of Christiania, where the drug is openly
2015 Jan 15, The Danish
government said it is allocating 12.5 million kroner ($2 million)
to help the victims of the Boko Haram extremist group in Nigeria.
2015 Jan 27, Denmark said it
has earmarked 60.9 million kroner ($9.2 million) over the next
three years for programs to de-radicalize Islamic extremists,
including those who have fought with jihadi groups in Syria and
2015 Jan 28, In Denmark
commuters in Copenhagen faced widespread disruptions on the train
network caused by the third theft in a week of copper cables from
2015 Jan 29, Denmark's
central bank said id will cut its interest rate on certificates of
deposit by 0.15 percentage points to -0.5 percent, effective Jan
30, to keep the krone currency stable against the euro.
2015 Feb 5, Denmark's central
bank cut a key interest rate for the 4th time in a month as it
tried to keep the krone currency stable against the euro.
2015 Feb 14, In Denmark some
30 shots were fired at the Krudttoenden cafe in Copenhagen, where
Swedish artist Lars Vilks was organized a freedom of speech event.
Filmmaker Finn Noergaard (55) was killed.
(AP, 2/14/15)(AFP, 2/14/15)(SFC, 2/16/15, p.A2)
2015 Feb 15, In Denmark
security guard Dan Uzan (27) was shot in the head and killed near
Copenhagen's main synagogue in the city center. Two policemen were
also wounded in the shooting at around 1:00 am this morning.
Police said they believe a man shot dead by officers at Noerrebro
station was the sole perpetrator of the two fatal attacks in the
last 24 hours in the capital. Omar Abdel Hamid El-Hussein (22) was
later identified as the gunman.
(AFP, 2/15/15)(SFC, 2/16/15, p.A2)(AP, 2/17/15)
2015 Feb 16, A Danish court
jailed two suspected accomplices of the slain gunman behind the
recent deadly attacks in Copenhagen while PM Helle
Thorning-Schmidt said there were no signs of links to a wider
2015 Feb 27, Scandinavian
Airlines canceled some 60 flights out of Copenhagen after members
of a Danish cabin crew union walked out to protest the carrier's
plan to move 147 employees to a domestic airline that SAS acquired
last year. 30 more flights were canceled the next day.
2015 Mar 2, Scandinavian
Airlines said some 50 flights have been canceled to and from
Denmark after members of a Danish cabin crew union walked out to
protest the carrier's plan to transfer employees to a domestic
airline acquired by SAS.
2015 Mar 4, Thousands of
passengers were stranded in Denmark, Norway and Sweden as a strike
by pilots of Norwegian Air Shuttle continued for a fifth day.
2015 Mar 20, In Denmark two
men suspected of helping the gunman who killed two people in
attacks in Copenhagen last Feb 15 were jailed.
2015 Apr 21, Danish lawmakers
in a 91-75 vote approved banning sex with animals.
2015 May 8, In Denmark four
city buses were destroyed in a pre-dawn fire and a fifth was
vandalized with anti-Israel graffiti at a bus depot in Copenhagen.
2015 Jun 18, Danes voted in a
cliff-hanger election in which an opposition center-right alliance
sought to oust PM Helle Thorning-Schmidt after she gambled an
economic revival would secure her a new term. A bloc led by Loekke
Rasmussen, a former prime minister, secured the 90 seats necessary
for a majority in Parliament. The Danish People's Party that wants
to limit the European Union's influence over the country, made
large gains and overtook Lars Loekke Rasmussen's Liberal Party as
Denmark's second largest party. Helle Thorning-Schmidt presented
her resignation to Queen Margrethe at the royal palace the next
(Reuters, 6/18/15)(AP, 6/19/15)(SFC, 6/19/15,
2015 Jul 16, The United
States, Russia and other Arctic nations signed an agreement to bar
their fishing fleets from fast-thawing seas around the North Pole.
The accord was also signed in Oslo by the ambassadors of Canada,
Norway and Denmark.
2015 Sep 2, In Kazakhstan the
first Dane in space accompanied by 26 custom-made figurines from
Danish toymaker Lego blasted off as part of a three-man team on an
unusually long two-day mission to the International Space Station.
2015 Sep 9, All train
services were halted between Germany and Denmark after Danish
police stopped hundreds of migrants arriving by train across the
2015 Sep 10, Denmark said
police will no longer try to stop migrants and refugees from
transiting through the country to get to Sweden and other Nordic
2015 Sep 11, Denmark said it
will not take part in a scheme to share out 160,000 refugees
proposed by European Commission head Jean-Claude Juncker.
2015 Oct 30, Coast Guard
leaders from the US, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and
Sweden signed an agreement setting up the Arctic Coast Guard Forum
dedicated to stewardship of Arctic waters.
(SFC, 10/31/15, p.A4)
2015 Nov 11, Danish brewer
Carlsberg says it will slash 2,000 jobs, or about 15 percent of
its white-collar work force, after posting a 4.5 billion kronor
($650 million) loss in the third quarter.
2015 Dec 3, EU member Denmark
voted in a referendum on adopting the union's justice rules, with
the Paris terror attacks and immigration both major issues in the
campaign. 53 percent of Danish voters decided to continue a
decades-old opt-out from justice affairs in the European Union.
(AFP, 12/3/15)(AP, 12/4/15)
2015 Dec 17, The Danish cargo
ship Thorco Cloud collided with the chemical tanker Stolt
Commitment and sank off western Indonesia. Six Filipino crewmen
2016 Jan 4, Denmark and
Sweden tightened border checks. Six countries in Europe's
document-free travel area now have wide-ranging border checks in
2016 Jan 12, The
Denmark-based Lego Group announced that it would no longer ask
what the "thematic purpose" of a project is. Instead, customers
who intend to display their creations in public will be asked to
make clear that Lego does not support or endorse them.
2016 Jan 26, The Danish
parliament passed a package of measures to deter refugees from
seeking asylum, including confiscating valuables to pay for their
stay, despite protests from international human rights
2016 Jan 27, Denmark and
Switzerland joined a growing number of European countries to
report Zika infections among travelers returning from Latin
America, where the mosquito-borne virus has been blamed for a
surge in birth defects.
2016 Jan 27, Chinese
dissident artist Ai Weiwei closed down his exhibition in the
Danish capital after lawmakers passed a controversial bill
allowing authorities to seize valuables from asylum seekers.
2016 Jan, A Danish girl (15),
suspected of planning bomb attacks against two schools, was
arrested. Her trial began on April 19, 2017, in the Holbaek
2016 Feb 5, A controversial
Danish law allowing police to seize valuables from refugees came
2016 Mar 16, Denmark's
military intelligence agency (DDIS) said it's creating "a hacker
academy" where to train IT specialists who, if they graduate, will
be offered employment.
2016 Mar 16, Denmark's TV2
broadcaster opened an office in the Syrian capital, Damascus,
claiming to be the only western media to do so.
2016 May 6, In Denmark a jet
ski slammed into a rental boat containing a group of students
killing Leah Bell (18) of Madisonville, Louisiana, and Linsey
Malia (21) of Easton, Massachusetts. On Jan. 4, 2018, a
24-year-old man was sentenced to two years in jail for aggravated
2016 May 13, President Barack
Obama welcomed a group of Nordic leaders to the White House and
celebrated the five Nordic nations (Denmark, Finland, Iceland,
Norway and Sweden) as models of reliability, equality, generosity,
responsibility, even personal happiness. Obama said that he and
the five Nordic nations agreed on the need to maintain sanctions
(AP, 5/13/16)(Reuters, 5/13/16)
2016 May 31, The government
of Denmark said it will punish preachers who encourage criminal
acts and blacklist "hate preachers," after a documentary about
imams advocating illegal acts sparked nationwide controversy in
February. The documentary showed hidden camera footage of imams in
Danish mosques advocating the corporal punishment of children,
stoning and whipping unfaithful spouses and requiring women to
have sex with violent spouses.
2016 Jun 17, Denmark police
conducted raids in Copenhagen against organized hashish sale at
the famed Christiania hippie neighborhood and arrested at least 17
2016 Jun 22, A Danish court
convicted Hamza Cakan (24) a pizzeria owner, of joining
Islamic State militants in Syria, dismissing his claims that he
had gone there to work as a cook. He faced a maximum seven years
2016 Jun 28, Denmark police
arrested two men and three women at Copenhagen's airport for using
forged passports. They carried dollars and euros worth a total of
about 129,600 kroner ($19,300). Under new legislation police
seized 79,600 kroner ($11,860). Each person was allowed to keep
10,000 kroner ($1,490).
2016 Jun, In western Denmark
seven Viking-era (800-1050) bracelets, weighing a total of almost
one kg (2.2 pounds), were discovered near Vejen by people using
metal detectors. A gold chain was found in the same field in 1911.
2016 Aug 5, Denmark's armed
forces said Danish F-16 aircraft have for the first time dropped
bombs in Syria's Raqqa province. Defense Command Denmark said the
raid was conducted in the past week.
2016 Aug 19, Danish lawmakers
decided to send a container vessel, a support ship and 200 staff
members to an international operation to rid lawless Libya of its
chemical weapons arsenal and ship them out of the country.
2016 Sep 2, In Denmark
residents of Copenhagen's semi-autonomous Christiania neighborhood
tore down the area's hashish market after an alleged drug dealer
shot two police officers and a bystander. The 25-year-old gunman
escaped after the attack but was arrested after a shoot-out with
2016 Nov 27, Denmark's PM
Lars Lokke Rasmussen said he had agreed to form a new government
with the Liberal Alliance and the Conservative Party, reducing the
risk of snap elections.
2016 Dec 6, Danish police
arrested a man (26) suspected of seriously wounding one of its
officers by shooting him in the head outside a police station in a
Copenhagen suburb earlier in the day. The dog squad officer (43)
died the next day.
(Reuters, 12/6/16)(AP, 12/7/16)
2016 Dec 6, Danish toymaker
Lego said it is appointing its first foreign CEO and will give its
family owners a bigger role in developing the Lego brand under an
organizational shake-up that will see incumbent Jorgen Vig
Knudstorp step down by the end of the year. Briton Bali Padda,
currently chief operations officer, will replace Knudstorp.
2017 Jan 1, Denmark police
arrested Chung Yoo-ra (20), an equestrian competitor and the
daughter of Choi Soon-sil, a central figure in a South Korean
influence-peddling scandal that led to President Park Geun-hye's
impeachment. She will face extradition proceedings following her
arrest on an Interpol request from Seoul.
2017 Mar 28, The Danish
branch of the ride-sharing service Uber said it is shutting down
its services in Denmark due to a proposed law that toughens
standards for cabs.
2017 Apr 19, A Danish court
upheld a decision by the public prosecutor in Copenhagen to allow
the extradition of Chung Yoo-ra (20), the daughter of Choi
Soon-sil, the former confidante of South Korea's ousted president,
to face prosecution in her home country.
2017 May 2, Denmark banned
five Islamic clerics and an American evangelical Christian pastor
from entering the country, calling them "hate preachers" who posed
threats to public order.
2017 May 6, In Denmark
suspected reckless driving by jet skiers in a Copenhagen harbor
caused them to crash into a small boat, killing two people.
2017 May 13, Denmark's
government said it will ban cash in the country's largest prisons
and require inmates to pay electronically, to make it "easier to
follow the money flow in and out."
2017 May 16, A Danish court
convicted a teenage girl (17), arrested on Jan. 13, 2016, of
attempted terrorism for planning bomb attacks against two schools.
2017 Jun 15, Japan's future
king, Crown Prince Naruhito, started a five-day visit to Denmark
after the Japanese parliament last week passed a law allowing his
father, Emperor Akihito, to become the first monarch to abdicate
in 200 years.
2017 Jun 27, A major
ransomware attack hit computers at Russia's biggest oil company,
the country's banks, Ukraine's international airport as well as
Danish global shipping firm A.P. Moller-Maersk. Germany's Metro
said its wholesale stores in the Ukraine have been hit by a
cyber-attack and the retailer was assessing the impact.
2017 Jul 10, Denmark said
that Apple has decided to build a data center in the southwestern
town Aabenraa, near Viborg, where it has another one already under
2017 Jul 17, Denmark’s
Defense Minister Claus Hjort Frederiksen said Danish troops will
get training in how to deal with Russian misinformation before
being sent to join a NATO military build-up in Estonia in January.
2017 Aug 10, The Danish
environmental protection agency (DEPA) said it had reported Maersk
Oil, the oil unit of A.P. Moller-Maersk, to the police for
discharging chemicals into the North Sea in connection with oil
2017 Aug 11, Denmark arrested
Peter Madsen on preliminary manslaughter charges after his 40-ton,
nearly 18-meter-long (60-foot-long) submarine sank off the
country’s eastern coast. He has denied responsibility for the fate
of Kim Wall (30), saying she had disembarked before his vessel
went down. Madsen later said Wall died in an accident on board the
vessel, and that he dumped her body in the sea on August 10. On
August 21 a headless torso of a woman was found on the south coast
of the isle of Amager, near Copenhagen. On Aug 23 police confirmed
that DNA tests of the torso matched Wall. Madsen later told a
pre-trial custody hearing that she died after she was accidentally
hit by a heavy hatch in the submarine's tower. An autopsy revealed
that Wall had been stabbed more than 14 times and that her limbs
had been removed with a saw.
(AP, 8/12/17)(AFP, 8/21/17)(AP, 8/22/17)(AP,
8/23/17)(AP, 9/5/17)(SFC, 10/5/17, p.A4)
2017 Aug 21, French oil
company Total agreed to buy Danish conglomerate AP Moller-Maersk's
oil business for $7.45 billion, in a deal that will strengthen its
position in the North Sea.
2017 Sep 4, Denmark's energy
minister said China will tap Denmark, home to some of the world's
largest offshore energy companies, to help it build a wind farm.
2017 Sep 7, In southwestern
Denmark some 200,000 liters (52,00 gallons) of diesel fuel spilled
into a harbor. The oil spill reportedly came from a tank at the
harbor belonging to hydrocarbon storage and shipping company
2017 Sep 16, In western
Denmark two race officials died after being hit by a rally car,
driven by a male (73) and female (22) co-pilot, which came off the
2017 Sep 20, Denmark launched
“Partnering for Green Growth and the Global Goals 2030" (P4G), a
global alliance for action on climate change. Those joining the
New York launch and supporting P4G include China, Indonesia and
the C40 network, which connects more than 90 cities representing a
quarter of the global economy, of which 12 are American.
2017 Oct 6, Danish navy
divers found the head and the legs of Swedish journalist Kim Wall,
who died in mysterious circumstances on an inventor's homemade
2017 Oct 26, Nordea Bank AB,
the Nordic region's largest bank, said it plans to cut at least
6,000 jobs over the next four years to stay competitive as its
retail banking operations increasingly become digital and
automation hits the financial industry. The cuts will spread
across its home markets of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden.
2017 Oct 30, Danish police
said inventor Peter Madsen has admitted to dismembering Swedish
journalist Kim Wall on board his submarine in August and dumping
her body parts in the sea, but he still denies killing her.
2017 Nov 21, Copenhagen
police found an arm in the sea south of the Danish capital that
was held down "with plastic strips and pieces of pipes," like
those found on the legs of Swedish journalist Kim Wall, who
disappeared after a trip on Peter Madsen’s private submarine in
2017 Nov 24, A Danish girl
(17), who offered to fight for Islamic State, was found guilty in
Copenhagen of planning bomb attacks at two schools, one of them
2017 Nov 27, In Denmark a
girl (17) who offered to fight for Islamic State was sentenced to
eight years in prison by the Danish high court for planning bomb
attacks on two schools, one of them Jewish.
2017 Nov 30, Denmark passed a
law that could allow it to ban Russia's Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline
from going through its waters on grounds of security or foreign
2017 Dec 15, In Denmark an
Italian woman (58) who ordered the murder of her boyfriend through
a website and paid a hitman in bitcoin digital currency was
sentenced to six years in a Danish jail. The murder was never
2017 Dec 16, In Gabon a Niger
national (53) stabbed two Danish journalists in Libreville,
declaring it was in retaliation for US attacks against Muslims.
One reporter was left in serious condition. The attacker was
2018 Jan 11, Denmark and its
autonomous Arctic island of Greenland signed an agreement to clean
up US military installations that were left to rust in the
pristine landscape after the Cold War.
2018 Jan 28, Danish lawmakers
agreed to allocate an additional 12.8 billion crowns ($2.14
billion) to military spending over the next six years, citing
Russia as one of the major threats to its security.
2018 Jan, Two amateur
archeologists found a silver coin on the German island of Ruegen.
The state's archeology office became involved and soon uncovered
hundreds of silver coins linked to the 10th century reign of
Danish King Harald Gormsson, aka Harry Bluetooth.
(SFC, 4/17/18, p.A2)
2018 Feb 6, The Danish
government proposed a ban on Islamic full-face veils such as the
niqab and burqa in public spaces, making it likely to become the
next European country to restrict the wearing of the religious
2018 Feb 13, Denmark's Prince
Henrik (83) died, taking to the grave his resentment at playing
second fiddle to his wife, Queen Margrethe. In 2016, he renounced
the title of prince consort and spent much of his time at a
chateau on a vineyard in southwestern France, although he remained
married to the queen and officially still lived with her.
2018 Mar 30, Russia ordered
new cuts to the number of British envoys in the country,
escalating a dispute with the West over the poisoning of an ex-spy
in Britain. Scores of foreign ambassadors streamed into the
Russian Foreign Ministry in Moscow to receive the notices given to
23 nations: Albania, Australia, Canada, Croatia, the Czech
Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland,
Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, the Netherlands,
Norway, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden and Ukraine.
2018 Apr 4, Bahrain denied
entry to a Danish lawmaker and a European rights activist who were
attempting to enter the country to visit detained Bahraini-Danish
citizen Abdulhadi al-Khawaja, co-founder of the Gulf Center for
2018 Apr 10, The Newport
Arctic Scholars Initiative convened in Newport, Rhode Island, with
representatives from the Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway
and the US.
2018 Apr 25, Danish submarine
builder Peter Madsen (47), a self-taught engineer, was sentenced
to life in prison after a Copenhagen court found him guilty of the
premeditated murder and sexual assault of Swedish journalist Kim
Wall onboard his homemade submarine last year.
2018 Apr 27, Thailand
deported Sam Serey, the leader of a Cambodian anti-government
group. He was at risk of being extradited to his homeland for
imprisonment but said he is safely back in Denmark, where he has
had political asylum for seven years.
2018 May 17, Denmark said its
special forces taking part in the US-led coalition against the
Islamic State group in Iraq would be withdrawn following the IS
defeat. Denmark had around 180 troops stationed at the Al-Asad air
base near Baghdad.
2018 May 17, Danish shipping
group Maersk Tankers said it would cease its activities in Iran
due to the US decision to leave a landmark nuclear deal and
reimpose sanctions against Tehran.
2018 May 28, Denmark's
government said it will force children in residential areas
containing large numbers of immigrants to be educated about
democracy, equality and major Danish holidays such as Christmas.
2018 May 30, A Danish court
sentenced the former manager of OW Bunker's Singapore subsidiary
to 18 months in prison after he was found guilty of granting
credit outside his mandate, contributing to the 2014 bankruptcy of
the marine fuel oil supplier.
2018 May 31, Denmark became
the latest European country to ban the Islamic full-face veil in
public spaces in a move slammed by human rights campaigners as "a
violation of women's rights".
2018 Jun 7, In Denmark Rakmat
Akilov (40), the Uzbek man who drove a stolen truck into a crowd
in Stockholm, killing five people and wounding 14 others, was
convicted of terror-related murder and given a life sentence.
2018 Jun 13, More than 150
German and Danish police officers searched a dozen apartments and
offices in a joint cross-border raid on an illegal human
trafficking network that focused on arranging hundreds of sham
2018 Jun 15, A Danish court
ordered the country's Defense Ministry to compensate 18 Iraqi
civilians detained by Iraqi security troops during a 2014 military
operation in Iraq in which Danish soldiers assisted. The Defense
Ministry planned to appeal.
2018 Jun 19, In southwestern
Denmark two people were killed when a commuter train hit a minibus
at an unprotected crossing near Varde.
2018 Jun 29, Denmark's
parliament agreed on the construction of three new offshore wind
farms with a total production capacity of at least 2,400 megawatts
by 2030. The deal also includes a target for 55 percent of the
country's energy to be supplied from renewable sources by 2030, up
from a previous goal of 50 percent set by the current government.
2018 Jul 3, A Danish appeals
court increased the prison sentence of Frederik Oliver Schmidt
(25), convicted of aggravated manslaughter for crashing his jet
ski into a boat on May 6, 2016, and killing American students Leah
Bell (18) of Madisonville, Louisiana, and Linsey Malia (21) of
2018 Aug 1, Denmark's ban on
the Islamic full-face veil in public spaces came into force, with
anyone wearing a garment that hides the face in public risking a
2018 Aug 3, Danish police
were called to a shopping center in Horsholm, a city of some
46,000 inhabitants to confront a woman (28) wearing a niqab
garment covering her face. The woman was slapped with a fine of
1,000 Danish kroner ($156) and requested to either remove the veil
or leave the premises. She opted to leave.
2018 Aug 15, Denmark's
Environmental Protection Agency said it had approved the outline
for a steel fence along the German border, which will be up to 1.5
meters (5 feet) tall, to keep out wild boars, in the hope of
preventing the spread of African swine fever, which can jeopardize
the country's valuable pork industry. Pigs outnumber people in
Denmark, with 215 pigs to every 100 residents.
2018 Aug 28, Danish police
said a 43-year-old man has been charged with illegally smuggling
1.3 tons (1.4 short tons) of amphetamine and about 13.8 tons (15.2
short tons) of hashish into Denmark, in one of the country's
biggest cases. Police said the man smuggled the drugs between
February 2015 and June 2017.
2018 Sep 4, Danish police say
prosecutors have given them permission to issue a nationwide ban
on the Loyal to Familia (LTF) criminal gang, even before a court
case aimed at dissolving it.
2018 Sep 19, The chief
executive of Denmark's largest bank, Thomas Borgen, resigned after
an internal report into allegations of massive money laundering
via an Estonian subsidiary showed that "the vast majority" of
transactions were deemed to be "suspicious."
2018 Sep 21, An appeals court
in Denmark said Wenceslas Twagirayezu (49) can be extradited to
his native Rwanda where he is suspected of committing crimes
against humanity in 1994.
2018 Sep 26, In Denmark two
people were arrested in Copenhagen and charged with attempting to
supply Islamic State with drones, which the organization has used
to carry out attacks.
2018 Oct 5, Denmark's PM Lars
Lokke Rasmussen said the government plans to build a new island
near Copenhagen's harbor to create more space for the city's
2018 Oct 8, Rhode
Island-based Deepwater Wind announced that Denmark-based Orsted
has entered into an agreement to buy it. Orsted said it's paying
2018 Oct 12, Germany said it
will extend temporary controls at its border with Austria for six
months due to concerns the EU's external frontiers are not
sufficiently protected. The Danish government made a similar
announcement, citing the threat of terrorism.
2018 Oct 21, A Norwegian
citizen of Iranian background was arrested in Sweden in connection
with a plot to assassinate an Iranian Arab opposition figure in
Denmark. He was extradited to Denmark. The attack was meant to
target the leader of the Danish branch of the Arab Struggle
Movement for the Liberation of Ahvaz (ASMLA).
2018 Oct 30, A Danish man was
arrested in South Africa on suspicion of having played a key role
in a fraud case that caused a Danish government welfare agency to
lose at least 111 million-kroner ($17 million). Britta Nielsen
(64) remained the main suspect. She has vanished from Denmark and
her whereabouts were unknown.
2018 Nov 5, South African
police officers arrested Danish woman Britta Nielsen (64)
suspected of a huge fraud at home. She had 648,700 rand in cash
($46,000) in her possession which was confiscated. Her son, Jimmy
Hayat, was arrested Oct. 30 at Johannesburg's international
airport as he was about to leave the country with two diamonds in
2018 Nov 9, In Denmark Britta
Nielsen, the main suspect in a huge fraud involving public money,
was arrested on her return to Copenhagen after she voluntarily
left South Africa.
2018 Nov 15, Denmark said it
is cutting about $10 million in aid to the government of Tanzania
over what it called "negative developments" in human rights in the
East African country.
2018 Nov 19, In Denmark
whistleblower Howard Wilkinson, who uncovered a massive alleged
money laundering scheme at Danske Bank's Estonian branch, told a
parliamentary commission that he had notified his superiors four
times about suspicious transactions but no action was ever taken.
2018 Nov 19, In Denmark
former gang leader Nedim Yasar (31), who repented and wrote a book
about his experiences, was fatally shot by a lone gunman in dark
clothes. Yasar was rushed to a nearby hospital and died the next
2018 Nov 30, Denmark's
right-wing minority government secured the necessary backing from
its populist ally, the Danish People's Party, to be able to pass
its 2019 budget.
2018 Dec 6, UAE-based global
port operator DP World says it has acquired Danish logistics firm
Unifeeder for $748 million, about 660 million euros, helping the
Dubai-owned company expand its foothold through the largest feeder
and shortsea network in Europe.
2018 Denmark adopted
legislation for the stated purpose of reducing residential
segregation. It permitted actions such as the eviction of some
residents and the sale of homes to private investors to reduce the
amount of affordable public housing in these areas to a maximum of
40% by 2030. In 2020 a group of Copenhagen residents sued the
government over the legislation.
2019 Jan 2, In Denmark eight
people were killed and 16 injured on the Great Belt Bridge
linking Zealand and Funen when a passenger train hit a trailer
that had blown off a freight wagon coming the other way. The
victims were all on the passenger train.
(Reuters, 1/2/19)(AP, 3/14/19)
2019 Jan 28, Denmark began
erecting a 70-km (43.4-mile) fence along the German border to keep
out wild boars in an attempt to prevent the spread of African
swine fever, which could jeopardize the country's valuable pork
2019 Jan 29, Denmark said it
will raise its military spending to 1.5 percent of its gross
domestic product in 2023, up from 1.35 percent planned this year.
2019 Feb 7, A Danish court
sentenced a 36-year-old woman to four years in jail for having
drained 500 milliliters (more than a pint) of blood from her young
son as often as once a week over a five-year period. A psychiatric
report said she suffers from Munchausen syndrome by proxy, a
mental condition where caregivers make a child ill in order to
attract attention to themselves.
2019 Feb 19, Estonian
authorities said that the local branch of Danske Bank must close
after the financial group admitted that massive amounts of money
from Russia and former Soviet states had been laundered through
2019 Mar 1, In Denmark a
fraud involving public funds show 10 million kroner ($1.5 million)
more than originally thought vanished from government coffers. Two
new investigations showed that a total of 121 million kroner
vanished between 1993 and 2018.
2019 Apr 6, In Denmark a
20-year-old man died and at least four people were injured in an
outbreak of gunfire north of Copenhagen in what appeared to be a
clash late today between criminal gangs. 14 people were arrested
after raids in several areas.
2019 Apr 26, Scandinavian
airline SAS pilots went on strike as wage talks broke down,
grounding around 70 percent of the airline's flights and hitting
some 170,000 people over the weekend alone. SAS is part-owned by
the Swedish and Danish governments.
2019 Apr 27, Scandinavian
airline SAS canceled hundreds of flights scheduled for April 28 as
a pilot strike entered its second day, disrupting the travel plans
of tens of thousands of passengers.
2019 Apr 28, Scandinavian
Airlines (SAS), the flag carrier of Denmark, Norway and Sweden,
announced further flight cancellations for the next week on the
third day of a pilots strike as the parties have failed to resume
talks on a new collective bargaining agreement.
2019 Apr 29, A strike among
pilots at Scandinavian Airlines, flag carrier of Denmark, Norway
and Sweden, entered its fourth day.
2019 May 1, Scandinavian
Airlines (SAS) canceled 504 flights today as talks with the pilots
resumed in Norway.
2019 May 20, In Denmark
Syrian asylum seeker Moyed Al Zoebi (32) received a 12-year prison
sentence for planning to explode one or more bombs in Copenhagen
and stabbing random people with kitchen knives. His accomplice,
Dieab Khadigah, was sentenced in Germany in July 2017 to a prison
term of six-and-a-half years.
2019 Jun 25, Denmark's Social
Democrat leader announced she will form a minority government
after reaching an agreement with three left and center-left
parties after weeks of negotiations.
2019 Jun 26, Danish police
said they have arrested 31 people as part of an international
investigation into an organized criminal network with roots in
Albania, suspected of smuggling drugs and weapons.
2019 Aug 20, US President
Donald Trump cancelled a state visit to Denmark after PM Mette
Frederiksen rebuffed his interest in purchasing Greenland.
2019 Sep 2, It was reported
that Denmark is spending 11 million kroner ($1.6 million) to buy
the country's last four circus elephants to give them a proper
retirement as the government moves to ban wild animals in
2019 Sep 6, Danish drugmaker
Novo Nordisk said it will offer cheaper insulin to US diabetics,
in response to criticism over the high price of the medication and
after similar moves by rivals Sanofi and Eli Lilly.
2019 Oct 14, PM Mette
Frederiksen said Denmark said it will fast-track legislation
allowing people with dual citizenship who have gone abroad to
fight for militant groups like Islamic State to be stripped of
their Danish nationality.
2019 Oct 30, Denmark said it
will allow the controversial Nord Stream 2 pipeline to pass
through its territory. The decision removed a major hurdle for the
$11 billion project slated for commissioning by the end of this
year to bring even more gas from Siberia into Germany. The link
has drawn sanctions threats from US President Donald Trump, who
wants Europe to buy his country’s liquefied natural gas.
2019 Nov 1, Denmark's
immigration minister says the number of British citizens seeking
Danish citizenship has more than tripled compared with 2017, the
year after Britain voted to leave the European Union.
2019 Nov 11, Turkey deported
citizens of the United States and Denmark who fought for the
Islamic State group and made plans to expel other foreign
nationals as the government began a new push to send back captured
foreign fighters to their home countries.
2019 Nov 12, Danish police
began performing border checks at the country's crossings with
Sweden, moves that followed a series of shootings and explosions
around Copenhagen that Danish authorities say were carried out by
people crossing the waterway between the Scandinavian neighbors.
2019 Nov 28, A Copenhagen
court found three men guilty of helping a terror organization by
buying drones and components on behalf of the Islamic State group.
The items were meant to be used in combat actions in Syria and
2019 Nov, In Denmark a pair
of neo-Nazis desecrated more than 80 tombstones, overturning some
and covering others with graffiti.
2019 Dec 4, Danish PM Mette
Frederiksen said her country would provide four more planes to
NATO after holding "positive" talks with US President Trump at an
alliance summit in London.
2019 Dec 10, It was reported
that evidence from Denmark suggested that when frozen embryos are
used during in vitro fertilization (IVF), the resulting children
have a slightly higher risk than other kids for certain types of
2019 Dec 11, Danish police
made several raids throughout the country and arrested a number of
people in connection with suspected preparations for an Islamist
2020 Jan 2, Denmark said it
sourced 47% of its electricity consumption from wind power last
year, a new record boosted by steep cost reductions and improved
2020 Jan 2, Denmark-based
Novo Nordisk said it would offer free, one-time supply of insulin
to people in immediate need and at risk of rationing the
medication, the rising price of which has attracted fierce
criticism from lawmakers and regulators.
2020 Jan 17, Danish drugmaker
Novo Nordisk said its new diabetes pill, Rybelsus, will be covered
by Express Scripts Holding Co, one of the largest US pharmacy
2020 Jan 23, In Denmark an
eight-meter copper statue by Jens Galschioet, entitled "Pillar of
Shame," was erected in front of parliament in central Copenhagen
to express solidarity with pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong.
2020 Feb 3, Denmark's
security service said three members of the Iran-based Arab
Struggle Movement for the Liberation of Ahwaz have been arrested
and suspected of spying for a Saudi intelligence service. The
suspected spying took place for six years from 2012.
2020 Feb 11, Postnord, a post
and logistics company owned by Denmark and Sweden, said it would
no longer accept packages going to China, citing limited freight
capacity in the wake of the coronavirus outbreak.
2020 Feb 21, Danish drugmaker
Lundbeck said the US Food and Drug Administration has approved its
migraine prevention therapy, which the drugmaker acquired through
its near $2 billion deal for Alder BioPharmaceuticals in 2019.
Vyepti, also known as eptinezumab, inhibits calcitonin
gene-related peptide (CGRP), which plays a key role in causing
2020 Mar 11, Denmark went
under a national lockdown due to the coronavirus pandemic.
(Econ., 6/20/20, p.11)
2020 Mar 15, Denmark's
government told private companies struggling with drastic measures
to curb the spread of coronavirus that it would cover 75% of
employees' salaries, if they promised not to cut staff.
2020 Mar 26, Denmark has
recorded 1,851 people infected with coronavirus and 34 deaths. The
country has restricted public assembly to 10 or fewer people and
ordered the closure of schools, universities, day care centers,
restaurants, cafes, libraries, gyms and hair salons.
2020 Apr 5, Denmark's
confirmed cases of the coronavirus rose to 4,369, with 179 deaths.
2020 Apr 7, It was reported
that sales of sex toys in Denmark have more than doubled after
Danes were told to stay at home to limit the spread of the
2020 Apr 14, Denmark said it
will release its youngest citizens from a month-long coronavirus
lockdown in a move that has fueled considerable controversy.
2020 Apr 15, Denmark
re-opened nurseries and primary schools following a month-long
(Econ, 4/18/20, p.45)
2020 Apr 18, Denmark
announced an extended aid package worth 100 billion Danish crowns
($14 billion). In an amendment to the aid measures, which now
total close to 400 billion crowns, companies registered in tax
haven countries will no longer be eligible for aid.
2020 Apr 23, Danish and US
officials jointly announced that the US is giving $12.1 million in
aid to Greenland as it seeks to counter growing assertiveness in
the Arctic by China and Russia.
2020 May 15, Denmark Health
authorities reported no coronavirus deaths for the first time
since March 13.
2020 May 18, Danes returned
to cafes and restaurants, confident that the coronavirus outbreak
is under control.
2020 Jun 4, Danish citizen
Amir Faten Mekky (23), allegedly involved in gang-related crime in
southern Sweden, and killings and explosions in Spain, was
arrested in Dubai. Mekky was also wanted for two contract killings
and several explosions in Spain where he allegedly leads a gang
known as “Los Suecos" — Spanish for the Swedes.
2020 Jun 10, Abbvie Inc said
it is partnering with Danish biotech firm Genmab AS to jointly
develop and market cancer treatments, as it looks to expand its
2020 Jun 15, Denmark said it
will hand out cash to Danes to stimulate the economy, while
announcing plans to phase out generous aid packages introduced at
the beginning of the crisis.
2020 Jun 17, Danish
authorities said mink at a farm in Denmark were found to be
infected with the new coronavirus and all 11,000 of the animals
there will have to be culled.
2020 Jun 26, A court in
Denmark sentenced a Norwegian man (40) of Iranian descent to seven
years in prison after he was found guilty of spying for Iran and
being accessory to attempts to commit murder on Danish soil.
2020 Aug 10, Denmark said it
has seen a new spread of COVID-19 infections in the past week with
the reproduction rate rising to 1.4. In the past week infections
have been confirmed in 67 out of Denmark's 98 municipalities.
2020 Aug 27, The Danish
government advised its citizens against traveling to France and
Croatia as coronavirus thresholds passed 30 per 100,000
inhabitants. Denmark has reported 16,627 confirmed cases and 624
(SFC, 8/28/20, p.A6)
2020 Sep 3, Denmark said it
had registered 179 new COVID-19 infections in the past day, the
highest rate since late April. Denmark has registered 626
coronavirus-related deaths since March.
2020 Sep 7, Denmark said
Tunisia was responsible for taking in 27 migrants who were rescued
in the Mediterranean by a Danish-flagged tanker that has not been
able to find a European port to accept them. Tunisia rejected the
2020 Sep 10, The Danish
government appointed an envoy to “help open doors" for a new
approach on migration to Europe and to “ensure that real refugees
are helped faster and better in the surrounding areas".
2020 Oct 7, Denmark summoned
the Iranian ambassador over reports the diplomatic mission had
allegedly pressured Iranian women living in the Scandinavian
country to accept divorce terms drawn up by local imams.
2020 Oct 16, Denmark
convicted two suspected neo-Nazis, members of the Nordic
Resistance Movement, of desecrating Jewish graves last year, as
well as other acts of vandalism and racism.
(SSFC, 10/18/20, p.A5)
2020 Oct 20, Denmark in
partnership with Germany, the European Union and the UN hosted a
conference on the Sahel in a bid to instill a more acute sense of
urgency. International donors agreed to give $1.7 billion in
humanitarian aid to the central Sahel (Burkina Faso, Mali and
Niger), after the United Nations said the northern African region
plagued by violence and climate change was at "breaking point".
2020 Nov 4, Denmark said it
will cull its entire herd of up to 17 million mink after a
mutation of the coronavirus found in the animals spread to humans,
posing risk to any possible future vaccine.
2020 Nov 12, It was reported
that a potential vaccine candidate being developed in Denmark has
in early animal trials proven effective against a mutated novel
coronavirus strain from mink discovered in the country.
2020 Nov 24, In Denmark a
hacker attack against the country's biggest news agency called for
a ransom to release locked data. Ritzau's CEO rejected the ransom
(SFC, 11/26/20, p.A2)
2020 Nov 27, The Danish
Mayfly was selected by an international group of entomologists and
others as the Insect of the Year for 2021, but it won't have long
to celebrate its 15 minutes of fame. Ephemera danica, only has a
few days to fly, mate and lay new eggs.
2020 Dec 3, Denmark's
Parliament voted to end all oil and gas activities in the North
Sea by 2050. The county had started its North Sea gas and oil
extraction in 1972.
(SFC, 12/5/20, p.A3)
2020 Dec 21, Denmark agreed
on a temporary ban on mink breeding, leaving little hope to
rebuild the industry, which pioneered the global fur trade.
2020 Dec 24, Denmark said it
has identified 33 infections with the new variant of the
coronavirus that has been spreading rapidly in parts of Britain.
2020 Dec 29, Denmark reported
2,621 new cases over the past 24 hours. The government said it
will extend a hard lockdown for two weeks until Jan. 17 to limit
the spread of COVID-19.
2021 Jan 5, Denmark imposed
new lockdown measures aimed at curbing the rapid spread of a new
coronavirus variant that is believed to be more transmissible.
Authorities said they expected the new virus variant, first
detected in Britain, to be the dominant one in Denmark by
2021 Jan 16, Denmark found
its first case of a more contagious coronavirus variant from South
Africa, and saw a rise in the number of infections with the highly
transmissible B117 variant first identified in Britain.
2021 Jan 22, Denmark said it
has halted all flights arriving from the United Arab Emirates for
five days due to potentially unreliable coronavirus tests in
Subject = Denmark
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