homeDjibouti History: http://www.africanet.com/countries/djibouti.htm#HISTORY Coast of northeast Africa
between Eritrea and Somali. Formerly French Territory of the Afars
and Issas, French Somaliland.
(WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)(WUD, 1994, p.420)
Djibouti is ethnically Somali.
(Econ, 2/26/11, p.54)
Chewing qat, a mild stimulant, is a national pastime.
(SFC, 12/28/02, p.A6)(Econ, 10/8/05, p.58)
Jun 27, The Republic of Djibouti gained
independence from France with Hassan Gouled as the first president.
(SFC, 12/28/02, p.A6)(AP, 6/27/07)(Econ, 3/22/08,
1993 The Afar Revolutionary
Democratic Unity Front was launched in the land of the Afars, over
territory that straddled Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. The Afars
numbered some 2 million and their territory had previously been
called the French Territory of Afars and Issas.
(Econ, 3/10/07, p.44)
1995 Oct, In Djibouti the
half-burned body of French judge Bernard Borrel was found at the
foot of a ravine 80 kilometers (50 miles) from the town of Djibouti.
A former French military intelligence officer later testified that
Borrel was investigating President Ismael Omar Guelleh, who was then
a candidate for the top job.
1999 May 8, Ismail Guelleh
(b.1947), elected in April as the 2nd president of Djibouti, assumed
office. He succeeded his uncle Hassan Gouled Aptidon.
1999 Nov 26, Sudan signed a
peace agreement with the opposition Umma Party in Djibouti to end
the 16-year old civil war.
(SFC, 11/27/99, p.A15)
2000 May 2, Pres. Ismael Omar
Guelleh set up talks in Arta to establish a government for Somalia.
(SFC, 8/14/00, p.A1)
2000 May, the government signed
over the management of the port to Dubai Ports Int’l. for the next
(WSJ, 10/16/00, p.C17A)
2000 Aug 13, Over 2,000 Somali
leaders gathered in Djibouti to form a central government with a new
(SFC, 8/14/00, p.A1)
2001 The Djibouti government
gave the US military free land, free rein and full secrecy for a
forward base to fight al Qaeda and other terrorists.
(SFC, 12/28/02, p.A6)
2002 A survey of 1,000 women
giving birth at Djibouti's Peltier Hospital concluded that 98
percent of women had been circumcised, of whom the vast majority had
2003 Jan 10, Djiboutians chose
a new 65-seat parliament in elections. Parties allied with Pres.
Ismael Omar Guelleh swept Djibouti's first multi-party legislative
elections. The bloc of four parties known as the Union for the
Presidential Majority, or UMP, won 62.7 percent of the vote to 37.3
percent for the four-party opposition alliance known as the Union
for a Democratic Alternative.
(AP, 1/10/03)(AP, 1/11/03)
2003 Jun 22, In Djibouti an
explosion caused by a bomb dropped from a B-52 killed a U.S. Marine
and wounded eight U.S. service members during a training exercise.
(AP, 6/22/03)(WSJ, 6/24/03, p.A1)
2005 Djibouti President Ismail
Omar Guelleh was re-elected with no opposition.
2006 Feb 17, Two US CH-53E
helicopters crashed off the coast of Djibouti. Only 2 of 12 crew
2008 Mar 22, Population if
Djibouti was about 800,000.
(Econ, 3/22/08, p.55)
2008 May 6, Djibouti, a key US
ally in the Horn of Africa, urged the UN Security Council to take
immediate action to prevent a conflict with its northern neighbor
2008 Jun 10, Fighting between
Djibouti and Eritrea killed nine Djiboutians and wounded 60 others.
The UN Security Council joined the US on June 12 in condemning the
Eritrean military action.
2008 Jul 28, Tarek bin Laden
signed a deal with Djibouti to build Noor City, the first of a
hundred “Cities of Light" that the Saudi Binladen Group planned
around the world. Plans called for the city to have 2.5 million
people by 2025 and 4.5 million for its Yemeni twin.
2008 Oct 16, The European
Commission announced 15 million euros (20 million dollars) of
emergency food aid for victims of drought and soaring food prices in
five east African countries. The biggest share will go to Ethiopia
and Somalia and smaller amounts to Kenya, Uganda and Djibouti.
2009 The US helped fund a
training camp for nearly 1,000 Somali soldiers in neighboring
Djibouti. The French-trained troops were supposed to earn $100 per
month, but about half of them deserted because they were not paid.
Some returned to ordinary life and others joined the al-Shabab
(SFC, 4/28/10, p.A3)
2010 Djibouti’s Pres. Ismael
Omar Guelleh changed the constitution to allow himself at least 6
more years in office. Elections were scheduled for 2011.
(Econ, 2/26/11, p.54)
2011 Jan 28, Djibouti's first
political rally broke out after the Muslim country's Friday prayers.
Democracy International estimated that 2,000 to 3,000 people
2011 Feb 9, In Djibouti the
president of the Djiboutian League of Human Rights, was arrested
after reporting on the arrests of students and members of opposition
political parties following the demonstrations, according to Human
2011 Feb 18, In Djibouti
thousands of demonstrators gathered in the tiny East African city
state to demand that the president step down after two terms, the
latest in a series of rallies modeled after political demonstrations
across Africa and the Middle East. At least 2 people were killed.
(AP, 2/18/11)(Econ, 2/26/11, p.54)
2011 Mar 4, In Djibouti
soldiers and police filled the streets to prevent a planned
demonstration against Pres. Ismail Omar Guelleh by opposition
parties. Djibouti, a city-state that lies across the Gulf of
Aden from Yemen, hosts several military bases, including Camp
Lemonnier, the only US base in Africa.
(AP, 3/4/11)(AP, 2/22/13)
2011 Apr 8, Voters in Djibouti,
which hosts the only US military base in Africa, cast ballots for
president in an election boycotted by most opposition parties.
2011 Jul 13, The United Nations
made its first aid delivery to a rebel-held Somalia region after the
insurgents lifted a ban on the operations of foreign aid agencies.
The worst drought in 60 years affected over 10 million people in
northern Kenya, south-eastern Ethiopia, southern Somalia and
(AFP, 7/17/11)(Econ, 7/9/11, p.44)
2011 Aug 19, The UN said tens
of thousands of people have already died in Djibouti, Ethiopia,
Kenya and Somalia. It warned that the famine has not peaked and that
12 million people in the area need food aid.
2011 Nov 21, The World Health
Organization said 5,000 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) have
already been reported this year in Djibouti compared to 2,000 in
2010. Djibouti reported two deaths since October and 127 new cases
2011 Dec 20, In Somalia 200
troops from Djibouti arrived in Mogadishu to join the African Union
force that helps protect the government and fight Islamist
2011 The population of Djibouti
was about 750,000.
2012 Feb 18, In Djibouti an
American reconnaissance plane crashed 6 miles (10km) from the only
US base in Africa, killing four service members on board, after
returning from a mission in support of the war in Afghanistan.
2013 Feb 22, Voters in the tiny
East African nation of Djibouti cast ballots in the nation's
parliamentary elections. Opposition political parties were eligible
to win seats for the first time.
2013 May, Some 60% of
Djibouti’s inhabitants, among the poorest in Africa, were
(Econ, 5/4/13, p.49)
2014 May 24, In Djibouti a
suicide bombing at a restaurant filled with Western military
personnel killed three people and wounded at least 15. Two Somalis
were suspected of carrying out the attack.
2014 Oct 27, UN chief Ban
Ki-moon announced at the start of a visit to Ethiopia that the EU
and several regional development banks have pledged $8 billion in
development aid for projects across eight countries in the Horn of
Africa. Countries targeted are Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya,
Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Uganda.
(AFP, 10/27/14)(AP, 10/27/14)