Timeline France (H) 2016-Present

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2016        Jan 5, Pierre Boulez (90), the former principal conductor of the New York Philharmonic, died at his home in Germany. The French conductor moved between conducting, composition and teaching over a long career that made him one of the leading figures in modern classical music.
    (AP, 1/6/16)(Econ, 1/16/16, p.92)

2016        Jan 7, In France Salim Benghalem (35), a key French member of the Islamic State group, was sentenced in absentia by a Paris court to 15 years in prison. He had ties to the Charlie Hebdo attackers. Six other men, who have returned from Syria and Iraq, were given sentences of between six and nine years.
    (AFP, 1/7/16)
2016        Jan 7, Paris police shot dead a man wielding a knife after he tried to enter a police station shouting "Allahu Akbar" (God is Great) and wearing what turned out to be a fake suicide belt.
    (Reuters, 1/7/16)

2016        Jan 11, In France an ethnic Kurd Turkish teenager (15) stabbed a Jewish teacher with a machete in the southern city of Marseille. The teen claimed to have been acting for the Islamic State.
    (AFP, 1/11/16)

2016        Jan 13, In the French Alps a deadly avalanche hit a high school skiing group killing 2 students and a Ukrainian skier.
    (SFC, 1/14/16, p.A2)

2016        Jan 14, A French court convicted British ex-soldier Rob Lawrie of endangerment for trying to spirit a 4-year-old Afghan girl from a squalid migrant camp in Calais to family members in Britain, but dropped a tougher smuggling charge and handed him only a suspended fine.
    (AP, 1/14/16)
2016        Jan 14, French investigators confirmed that Belgian-Moroccan Chakib Akrouh, who blew himself up when trapped by police on Nov 18, was the third member of the three-man unit that killed dozens of cafe-goers.
    (Reuters, 1/15/16)
2016        Jan 14, In northern Iraq French warplanes bombed overnight an Islamic State communications hub near Mosul.
    (AFP, 1/14/16)

2016        Jan 15, French authorities said one man was brain dead and three others faced possible permanent brain damage after volunteering to take part in a drug trial for a painkiller based on a natural brain compound similar to the active ingredient in marijuana.
    (AP, 1/15/16)
2016        Jan 15, Moroccan police arrested Gele Attar, a Belgian man of Moroccan descent, who had a direct relationship to the terrorists who carried out the Nov 13 attacks in Paris that killed 130 people.
    (SFC, 1/19/16, p.A2)

2016        Jan 17, A man died in a French hospital after taking part in a drug trial for a painkiller based on a compound similar to cannabis. He had already been in a state of brain death. Five other participants remained hospitalized.
    (AP, 1/17/16)

2016        Jan 18, In France an avalanche killed at least 5 military personnel and seriously injured two others while they were skiing in Valfrejus in the department of Savoie.
    (Reuters, 1/18/16)
2016        Jan 18, Saudi Arabia suspended the import of poultry, eggs and dairy products from seven French regions over a bird flu outbreak. The regions included southwestern Dordogne, where the highly virulent H5N1 strain of the virus was identified in November.
    (AFP, 1/18/16)

2016        Jan 20, In France the defense ministers of seven countries leading the battle against the Islamic State group met in Paris to review strategy as the jihadists spread their influence around the globe. The French and US defense ministers hosted the meeting attended by their Australian, British, Dutch, German and Italian counterparts.
    (AFP, 1/20/16)

2016        Jan 22, France said it will provide one billion euros ($1.1 billion) to Tunisia over the next five years as part of an economic support package.
    (AFP, 1/22/16)
2016        Jan 22, French farmers in the western region of Brittany blocked a national highway with a pile of smoldering tires to protest falling prices.
    (AP, 1/22/16)

2016        Jan 24, French Pres. Hollande began a 3-day visit to India.
    (SFC, 1/25/16, p.A2)

2016        Jan 25, India signed an inter-governmental pact to buy 36 French-built Rafale fighter planes, but the leaders of both countries said there was still work to do to finalize financial terms after months of talks.
    (Reuters, 1/25/16)

2016        Jan 26, In France one in five flights were canceled at Paris airports and other flights faced delays as air traffic controllers staged a walkout and taxi drivers disrupted roads. Paris police fired tear gas and taxi drivers lit bonfires on a major highway amid nationwide strikes and protests over working conditions and competition from non-traditional services such as Uber.
    (AP, 1/26/16)
2016        Jan 26, French authorities said one person died and another was injured in a tunnel collapse at a future nuclear waste storage site in Bure.
    (Reuters, 1/26/16)

2016        Jan 30, In France thousands of people marched through Paris and in other cities to decry the proposed extension of a state of emergency imposed after the November Paris attacks.
    (AFP, 1/30/16)

2016        Feb 1, Cuba's President Raul Castro began an official state visit to France, his first ever to Europe, which is being seen as a key step in rebuilding his island nation's ties with the West.
    (AFP, 2/1/16)

2016        Feb 3, In France police cleared a sprawling slum-like camp along railroad tracks on the edge of Paris that housed hundreds of Roma, citing sanitary concerns.
    (AP, 2/3/16)

2016        Feb 8, France's former budget minister Jerome Cahuzac (63), who stashed millions abroad while cracking down on tax cheats at home, went on trial for tax fraud and money laundering.
    (AFP, 2/9/16)

2016        Feb 9, A sweep involving teams of sniffer dogs and a helicopter was conducted simultaneously in Paris and Craiova, in southern Romania. The joint operation by Romania and France against pickpockets targeting visitors to Disneyland Paris and other French tourist sites nabbed the ringleaders. The probe began last March after local police noted a spike in pickpocketing by Romanians and ethnic Roma outside Disneyland and on the train that links Paris to the amusement park.
    (AFP, 2/19/16)

2016        Feb 10, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius (69) announced he was leaving the government ahead of a wider reshuffle that President Francois Hollande hopes can help bolster his chances for the 2017 presidential elections.
    (Reuters, 2/10/16)

2016        Feb 11, In western France at least six children were killed when a school minibus crashed into a truck in Rochefort, a day after another road accident involving a school bus left two youngsters dead near the Swiss border.
    (AFP, 2/11/16)

2016        Feb 24, The French newspaper Le Monde reported that French special forces and intelligence commandos are engaged in covert operations against Islamic State militants in Libya in conjunction with the United States and Britain.
    (Reuters, 2/24/16)

2016        Feb 29, France interior minister Bernard Cazeneuve said Parisian police will be given assault rifles and Kalashnikov-resistant shields in a first for the French capital's officers nearly four months after a devastating terror attack killed 130 people.
    (AFP, 2/29/16)
2016        Feb 29, French riot police clashed with migrants as bulldozers moved into the grim shantytown on the edge of Calais known as the "Jungle" to start destroying hundreds of makeshift shelters.
    (AFP, 2/29/16)

2016        Feb, Thomas Gallay, a French engineer, working in Morocco, was arrested in an anti-terror sweep and accused of supporting a terrorist organization. Moroccan authorities said he was a convert to Islam who gave 70 euros to two Moroccan members of a terror cell. Gallay received a six-year prison sentence. Gallay later claimed he had signed a confession in Arabic that he could neither read nor understand.
    (AP, 2/22/17)

2016        Mar 1, France razed parts of the "Jungle" migrant camp for a second day while thousands of refugees remained blocked in Greece.
    (AFP, 3/1/16)

2016        Mar 2, In northern France dozens of riot police moved in for a third day to demolish the shantytown on the outskirts of the port city of Calais after half a dozen shelters were burned down overnight.
    (AFP, 3/2/16)

2016        Mar 3, In France a group of Iranian migrants sewed their mouths shut in a disturbing protest at the ongoing demolition of the "Jungle" migrant camp in the port city of Calais.
    (AFP, 3/3/16)

2016        Mar 8, In France Jacobus van Nierop (51), a Dutch man dubbed by French media the "dentist of horror," went on trial after allegedly causing horrific injuries to the mouths of more than 100 patients. On April 26, 2016, Nierop was found guilty of assault and fraud and sentenced to eight years in prison.
    (AFP, 3/8/16)(AP, 4/26/16)
2016        Mar 8, French researchers said the Zika virus, suspected of causing brain damage in babies and a neurological ailment in adults, has now also been linked to the paralyzing disorder myelitis.
    (AFP, 3/8/16)

2016        Mar 9, French students and trade unions staged protest marches across the country against far-reaching labor reforms.
    (Reuters, 3/9/16)

2016        Mar 12, French police detained 14 young extreme right activists after they torched tires and tried to block migrants in the port of Calais from entering the center of town.
    (AP, 3/12/16)

2016        Mar 14, French PM Manuel Valls unveiled a revised labor reform bill that makes concessions to trade unions following mass protests against the measures.
    (Reuters, 3/14/16)

2016        Mar 15, Belgian and French police officers arrived to search a flat in a Brussels suburb in a raid targeting suspects in the Nov 13 Paris attacks. They came under a barrage of automatic weapons fire through a door from at least two people barricaded inside, injuring four officers. A special forces sniper shot dead Algerian gunman Mohamed Belkaid (35) when he tried to fire at police from a window. An Islamic State flag was found next to his body. Two suspects were detained.
    (Reuters, 3/16/16)(AFP, 3/16/16)

2016        Mar 17, French unions said the government will lift a six-year-old freeze on civil servants' pay, but that the resulting wage increase was too little.
    (Reuters, 3/17/16)
2016        Mar 17, In France thousands of youths held street protests to reject the government's new labor changes.
    (AP, 3/17/16)
2016        Mar 17, French lawmakers approved plans for a total ban on some widely used pesticides blamed for harming bees, going beyond EU restrictions in a fierce debate that has pitched farmers and chemical firms against beekeepers and green groups.
    (Reuters, 3/18/16)

2016        Mar 24, French authorities arrested French national Reda Kriket (34) in the Paris suburb of Argenteuil. He was suspected of belonging to a militant network planning an attack. Explosives were found in the man's house as well as a Kalashnikov AK-47 and a machine pistol from Croatia.
    (Reuters, 3/25/16)(AFP, 3/25/16)(Econ, 4/16/16, p.44)

2016        Mar 27, Basque separatist group ETA called for peace talks with the Spanish and French governments and the return of ETA prisoners to the northern Basque region.
    (AFP, 3/27/16)

2016        Mar 30, President Francois Hollande abandoned plans to strip French nationality from people convicted of terrorism.
    (Reuters, 3/30/16)

2016        Mar 31, In France demonstrators clashed with police in the streets during fresh protests over labor reforms. Official figures said at least 200,000 people had joined demonstrations in around 50 towns around the country despite rainy weather.
    (AFP, 3/31/16)

2016        Apr 2, In Spain 7 people died in a pre-dawn crash between two cars near the northern city of Figueres. 5 people of a car with French license plates were between 19 and 22 and not wearing seatbelts.
    (AP, 4/2/16)

2016        Apr 4, Air France decided to allow female flight attendants to refuse to work the company's new route to Iran, beginning April 17, for which they must wear a headscarf.
    (AP, 4/4/16)

2016        Apr 5, French finance minister Michel Sapin said France will put Panama back on its blacklist of uncooperative tax jurisdictions, after media revelations about a Panamanian law firm specialised in setting up offshore firms.
    (Reuters, 4/5/16)
2016        Apr 5, Paris riot police fired tear gas and charged youths throwing stones, bottles and eggs during fresh protests against France's proposed labor reforms, making over 100 arrests.
    (AFP, 4/5/16)

2016        Apr 6, A Paris court convicted Jean-Marie Le Pen (87), founder and former head of France's far-right National Front party, of denying crimes against humanity for repeating that the Nazi gas chambers are a "detail" of World War II history.
    (AP, 4/6/16)
2016        Apr 6, France's lower house of parliament held a final vote on a bill against prostitution and sex trafficking that bans buying sex, not selling it. Customers would face fines and be required to attend classes on the harms of prostitution.
    (AP, 4/6/16)
2016        Apr 6, French economics minister Emmanuel Macron and Benjamin Griveaux co-founded the En Marche! (On the Move!) political movement. Following Macron’s election in 2017 the party was renamed “La Republique en Marche" (LRM).
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/En_Marche!)(Econ, 7/16/16, p.41)(Econ 5/13/17, p.14, 44)   

2016        Apr 9, In western France clashes broke out between police and demonstrators in Rennes as thousands took to the streets for a sixth day of nationwide protests against a draft law that seeks to loosen some labor protections.
    (Reuters, 4/9/16)

2016        Apr 10, In France Paris police made eight arrests after demonstrators protesting the government's labor reforms went on a rampage across the capital, attacking a police building, damaging cars and vandalizing bank offices.
    (AP, 4/10/16)

2016        Apr 11, The French government announced about half a billion euros in aid for students in an attempt to defuse anger from protesters who said they would gather again on a central Paris square for the 12th night in a row.
    (Reuters, 4/11/16)

2016        Apr 12, In northern Mali 3 French peacekeeping soldiers died after their armored car ran over a landmine.
    (AFP, 4/13/16)
2016        Apr 12, Spanish police arrested Antoine Denive (27), a Frenchman who they believe supplied weapons to Paris attacker Amedy Coulibaly for use in the January 2015 attacks in the French capital.
    (AP, 4/13/16)

2016        Apr 14, Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Spain agreed to share information on company ownership to make it harder for criminals and tax cheats to avoid the law.
    (SFC, 4/16/16, p.A2)

2016        Apr 15, France's top administrative court overturned a 2014 ban on a type of genetically modified (GMO) maize in a symbolic victory for GMO supporters that will not allow such crops to be grown in France because of subsequent legislation reinforcing the ban.
    (Reuters, 4/15/16)

2016        Apr 16, French President Francois Hollande arrived in Beirut at the start of a regional tour that will take him to Egypt and Jordan.
    (AP, 4/16/16)
2016        Apr 16, The French and German foreign ministers arrived in Libya for talks with the head of the unity government Fayaz Seraj to offer support as he seeks to stabilize the North African state.
    (Reuters, 4/16/16)
2016        Apr 16, French police arrested twenty-two people in Paris during overnight clashes at a demonstration over labor reforms seen as threatening workers' rights.
    (AFP, 4/16/16)

2016        Apr 26, French train services were severely disrupted as tens of thousands of state rail workers protested over plans to reduce rest periods and other protective work practices in preparation for Europe-wide deregulation.
    (Reuters, 4/26/16)
2016        Apr 26, Australian PM Malcolm Turnbull announced that France has beaten Japan and Germany to win a A$50 billion ($40 billion) deal to build a fleet of 12 submarines for Australia, one of the world's most lucrative defense contracts.
    (Reuters, 4/26/16)

2016        Apr 27, The French billionaire and art collector Francois Pinault announced the creation of a new contemporary art museum in central Paris.
    (AP, 4/27/16)
2016        Apr 27, Paris attacks suspect Salah Abdeslam, Europe's most wanted fugitive until his capture in Belgium last month, was returned to France to face justice. His lawyer said Abdeslam is willing to cooperate.
    (AP, 4/27/16)

2016        Apr 28, French protesters were back on the streets over proposed reforms to the country's labor rules and strikers have forced cancellations and delays at two airports serving Paris.
    (AP, 4/28/16)
2016        Apr 28, Paris-based Drug maker Sanofi said it has made a $9.3 billion bid for San Francisco pharmaceutical firm Medivation, part of the firm's effort to expand its portfolio of cancer treatments.
    (AP, 4/28/16)

2016        Apr 29, French riot police arrested 27 people during overnight clashes with dozens of youths in central Paris, following a day of protest marches over labor law reforms that turned violent.
    (Reuters, 4/29/16)

2016        Apr 29, French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said France will increase the number of its troops in Ivory Coast from 500 to 900, on a trip to the African nation which hosts a regional base for French forces.
    (AFP, 4/30/16)

2016        May 4, French riot police clashed with demonstrators outside a school building in Paris, prompting government and police calls for an end to weeks of violent protests mainly linked to plans for a loosening of France's highly protective labor laws.
    (Reuters, 5/4/16)
2016        May 4, In Qatar French Pres. Francois Hollande attended a ceremony to mark the sale of 24 Rafale combat jets plus missiles to the United Arab Emirates.
    (Econ, 5/14/16, p.55)

2016        May 5, In Belgium high-speed car chase in which police shot suspected migrant-smugglers as they fled across the border led to a fatal pile-up on a motorway in northern France. A Dutch motorcyclist died when he struck a stationary truck near the French port of Dunkirk. Four Iraqi suspects were hospitalized.
    (Reuters, 5/5/16)

2016        May 8, In France the sight of cars thundering down Paris's most famous boulevard was replaced by people strolling, cycling and taking selfies in the sun as the Champs-Elysees went traffic-free.
    (AFP, 5/8/16)

2016        May 10, France's government decided to bypass parliament and impose a relaxation of the country's protective labor laws by decree, sidestepping a rebellion against one of socialist President Francois Hollande's flagship reforms.
    (Reuters, 5/10/16)
2016        May 10, In France a 19-year-old woman committed suicide by throwing herself in front of a suburban train near Paris and streamed the act live on Periscope. A judicial source said the victim "spoke of a rape and named the aggressor" during the filming, adding that the claims were being treated with caution at this stage.
    (AFP, 5/11/16)

2016        May 12, French prosecutors said that $2 million tied to Tokyo's winning bid for the 2020 Olympics was apparently paid to an account linked to Papa Massata Diack (50), the son of disgraced former IAAF president Lamine Diack, in the months immediately before and after the Japanese capital won the games.
    (AP, 5/12/16)

2016        May 16, French energy giant Total officially opened the Shetland Gas Plant in Britain's northernmost outpost, which cost $5 billion (4.4 billion euros) to build.
    (AFP, 5/16/16)

2016        May 18, Strikes by French railway and port workers halved train services and prompted cancellation of ferry links to Britain. French police staged demonstrations in about 60 cities against a surge of "anti-cop hatred" which they say they have suffered at a series of anti-government protests in recent months.
    (Reuters, 5/18/16)(AFP, 5/18/16)(SFC, 5/19/16, p.A2)

2016        May 19, In northern Spain 3 French people were killed when the light aircraft they were flying crashed in Arbizu after reportedly colliding with a vulture.
    (AP, 5/20/16)

2016        May 20, Four French gendarmes were killed when a helicopter crashed in a mountainous area of southwest France.
    (AFP, 5/20/16)

2016        May 21, The Russian film “The Student" by Kirill Serebrennikov won the Francois Chalais prize at the Cannes Film Festival.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y9f4lahr)(Econ, 8/19/17, p.47)

2016        May 22, In France director Ken Loach took the Palme d'Or in Cannes for "I, Daniel Blake," a film partly funded by the European Commission.
    (AP, 5/23/16)
2016        May 22, In France Jaclyn Jose (52), famous in the Philippines mostly as a soap opera star, won best actress in Cannes for her mesmerizing performance as a Manila slum matriarch who falls prey to corrupt police in acclaimed Filipino director Brillante Mendoza's "Ma' Rosa".
    (AFP, 5/23/16)
2016        May 22, In France the Iranian film "The Salesman" won two prizes at the Cannes film festival. Lead actor Shahab Hosseini won a Palme d'Or for best actor and director Asghar Farhadi picked up the award for best screenplay.
    (AP, 5/27/16) 

2016        May 23, In France petrol shortages caused long tailbacks of motorists in parts of the country, as protesters angry over government labor reforms blockaded some of the country's oil refineries and fuel depots.
    (AFP, 5/23/16)

2016        May 24, France's government stepped up efforts to break blockades and strikes at refineries that are threatening to paralyze the country just three weeks ahead of the Euro 2016 football tournament.
    (AFP, 5/24/16)

2016        May 25, The French oil industry federation said France has started using its strategic oil reserves for the first time since 2010 to counter union blockades of its refineries. The industry said it has been using the strategic reserves for two days. Workers at the hardline CGT union voted for a 24-hour strike at Nogent-sur-Seine nuclear plant.
    (Reuters, 5/25/16)

2016        May 26, In France 11 of 58 nuclear power plants were hit with unplanned outages after unionized workers at utility EDF joined a rolling nationwide strike against planned government reforms.
    (Reuters, 5/26/16)

2016        May 27, A French transport ministry spokesman said the fuel supply situation in the country is improving after a week of disruption and shortages caused by strikes and all but one of the country's fuel depot blockades has been cleared. Union activists disrupted the Marseille airport and halted activity at half of the country's oil refineries in protests over changes to France's labor system, but nationwide gasoline shortages eased slightly after government intervention.
    (Reuters, 5/27/16)(AP, 5/27/16)

2016        May 31, French company Technip signed a preliminary $500 million deal to upgrade a key Libyan oil facility, along with Italy's Eni and Libya's state oil company.
    (AP, 5/31/16)

2016        Jun 1, Transport chaos hit France, just nine days before the Euro 2016 football tournament, as railway workers went on strike in the latest salvo of a months-long battle between the government and unions.
    (AFP, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, In France Paris City Hall closed roads along the shore of the Seine from the Left Bank in the east to the Eiffel Tower neighborhood in the west after the Seine River overflowed its banks and floods hit towns across France.
    (AP, 6/1/16)
2016        Jun 1, Egyptian and French investigators said a French search vessel has picked up signals from one of the black boxes of EgyptAir flight MS804, which crashed May 19.
    (Reuters, 6/1/16)

2016        Jun 3, In France the Louvre and Orsay museums in Paris moved scores of art works and precious artifacts to safety and soldiers evacuated residents trapped in some outlying suburbs as the swollen river Seine hit its highest level in 30 years.
    (Reuters, 6/3/16)

2016        Jun 4, In France the Seine River peaked early today around Paris, hitting its highest level in nearly 35 years, almost 4.5 meters (15 feet) above average. Authorities warned it could take up to ten days for the river to return to normal.
    (AP, 6/4/16)

2016        Jun 6, In France a fire in an apartment building near the national stadium in  Saint-Denis left at least 5 people dead and 11 injured.
    (AP, 6/7/16)

2016        Jun 8, The French government released an emergency alert application intended to send swift warnings to smartphone users in the event of a bombing, shooting or other disaster.
    (AP, 6/8/16)

2016        Jun 9, A French court convicted and fined Uber and two of its executives for deceptive commercial practices and illegal business activity over its lowest-cost ride service. The court did not hand prison terms.
    (AP, 6/9/16)
2016        Jun 9, In France Rifaat al-Assad (78), Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's uncle, was charged with corruption. He was suspected of using ill-gotten gains to build a real estate empire in France. He had commanded Syria's notorious internal security forces in the 1970s and early 1980s.
    (AFP, 6/28/16)

2016        Jun 11, About a quarter of Air France pilots went on strike to demand better working conditions. Up to a fifth of flights were canceled, both domestic and international. Among those affected were flights carrying spectators to cities holding matches for the European Championship soccer tournament. Train drivers and garbage collectors continued their strikes.
    (AP, 6/11/16)

2016        Jun 12, European soccer's governing body, UEFA, launched disciplinary proceedings against the Russian Football Union after violence marred the end of Russia's Euro 2016 match against England in Marseille the previous evening.
    (AP, 6/12/16)
2016        Jun 12, Police in Spain, France and Paraguay have arrested around 14 people and freed up to 15 women as part of a 3-day joint operation against sex trafficking that began on June 7.
    (AP, 6/12/16)

2016        Jun 13, In France Officer Jean-Baptiste Salvaing and police administrator Jessica Schneider were knifed to death in their home in the Paris suburb of Magnanville by Larossi Abballa (25), who claimed allegiance to Islamic State. Abballa was killed after a three-hour siege and police raid.
    (AP, 6/14/16)(AFP, 6/18/16)

2016        Jun 14, In France tens of thousands of people rallied in Paris under heavy police presence for a protest against a planned change of labor laws that would make hiring and firing easier. Masked troublemakers hurled paving stones and other projectiles at businesses and the Necker Hospital. Some 30 police officers and protesters were injured.
    (Reuters, 6/14/16)(AP, 6/15/16)

2016        Jun 15, French leaders told the hardline CGT labor union it would be denied permission for further street rallies unless it rooted out troublemakers, a day after violent battles between masked youths and police during protest marches in Paris.
    (Reuters, 6/15/16)
2016        Jun 15, President Francois Hollande signed a bill formally ratifying the Paris climate agreement reached last December by nearly 200 countries to limit global warming. The agreement will become binding when 55 countries representing 55 percent of emissions of greenhouse gases ratify it. 17 states have done so already.
    (Reuters, 6/15/16)
2016        Jun 15, The WHO's research arm issued a report downgrading its classification of coffee as a possible carcinogen, declaring there isn't enough proof to show a link to cancer. The Lyon-based International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) also announced in a report that drinking "very hot" beverages of any kind could potentially raise the cancer risk, and it classified them as "probably carcinogenic" to humans.
    (AP, 6/15/16)

2016        Jun 16, France sentenced three Russian fans to prison and planned to deport 20 others next week for their role in the violence in Marseille that marred Russia's opening soccer match against England.
    (AP, 6/16/16)

2016        Jun 18, A French prosecutor announced terrorism charges against Charaf-Din Aberouz (29) and Saad Rajraji (27). They were charged with having links to a terrorist group, but were not found to have any connection to the June 13 IS-inspired murder of the police couple carried out by Larossi Abballa.
    (AFP, 6/18/16)
2016        Jun 18, France expelled a Russian far-right leader of a football supporters group, Alexander Shprygin, and 19 other fans after the troubles with England soccer fans at Euro 2016.
    (AFP, 6/18/16)
2016        Jun 18, Protesters rallied outside the French embassy in London after an aid convoy intended for migrants was turned back by French border police. A 38-ton truck full of aid was allowed through.
    (AFP, 6/18/16)

2016        Jun 23, In France tens of thousands of people marched in Paris to protest planned labor reforms, gathering for a demonstration that authorities had initially considered banning due to the violence that has accompanied similar recent events. Police arrested around 100 protesters.
    (AP, 6/23/16)(AFP, 6/23/16)
2016        Jun 23, A French court ordered the extradition of US rapper Freddie Gibbs (34) to Austria, where he is accused of rape.
    (AFP, 6/23/16)

2016        Jun 25, In southern France 2 men were killed with a Kalashnikov assault rifle and a 14-year-old girl seriously wounded in a shooting early today in Marseille, which is known for its high crime levels.
    (AFP, 6/25/16)

2016        Jun 27, The Paris-based International Energy Agency (IEA) warned that each year about 6.5 million deaths worldwide are linked to air pollution, a number that could grow in coming decades unless the energy sector steps up its efforts to slash emissions.
    (AP, 6/27/16)

2016        Jul 1, Paris banned old, exhaust-belching cars from its streets in a war on air pollution that environmentalists hope will also drive dirty vehicles from the centers of other European cities. Any car registered before Jan. 1, 1997, will be barred from the city's streets from Monday to Friday, from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.
    (Reuters, 7/1/16)
2016        Jul 1, Yves Bonnefoy (b.1923), France's most famous contemporary poet, died. The celebrated translator of Shakespeare had poems translated into 30 languages.
    (AFP, 7/2/16)

2016        Jul 2, Michel Rocard (b.1930), former French prime minister (1988-1991) under François Mitterrand, died in Paris. He created the Revenu minimum d'insertion (RMI), a social minimum welfare program for indigents, and achieved the Matignon Accords regarding the status of New Caledonia.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michel_Rocard)

2016        Jul 4, Billionaire French industrialist Serge Dassault (91), of aviation and software giant Dassault Group, went on trial for allegedly stashing millions of euros in tax havens.
    (AFP, 7/4/16)

2016        Jul 5, France's government forced approval of a contested labor bill in the lower house of Parliament without a vote — for a second time — because of resistance from the left and right.
    (AP, 7/5/16)
2016        Jul 5, Dozens of French farmers protested against the presence of bears in the Pyrenees mountains, after a flock of 125 sheep took fright and fell to their death in a ravine over the weekend. brown bears were reintroduced to the area 20 years ago after disappearing in the early 1990s.
    (AP, 7/5/16)

2016        Jul 6, In France Karim Mohammed-Aggad, the brother of one of the Islamist attackers who killed 130 people in Paris, was sentenced to nine years' jail for traveling to Syria to train as a militant fighter.
    (Reuters, 7/6/16)

2016        Jul 7, France-based Danone, the world’s largest yogurt maker, agreed to buy WhiteWave Foods, a natural-food group, for $12.5 billion.
    (Econ, 7/9/16, p.53)

2016        Jul 10, Portugal beat France 1-0 in extra time in Paris to win the European Championship for its first major soccer trophy.
    (AP, 7/11/16)

2016        Jul 13, The French weekly Canard Enchaine reported that Pres. Francois Hollande's hair is kept perfectly groomed at a cost of of 9,895 euros ($10,900) a month. Canard Enchaine also reported that in addition to his salary, the hairdresser was entitled to a "housing allowance" and other "family benefits".
    (AFP, 7/13/16)

2016        Jul 14, In France a truck attack in Nice left at least 84 people dead including ten children. The attacker drove a heavy truck at high speed into dense crowds as a fireworks display to mark France's Bastille Day national holiday came to an end. The attacker was soon identified as Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel (31), a Tunisian living in the city. Five suspects were soon arrested for alleged roles in helping Bouhlel.
    (AP, 7/15/16)(Reuters, 7/15/16)(SFC, 7/22/16, p.A2)(Econ, 7/23/16, p.40)

2016        Jul 15, Brazil said it has deported the Franco-Algerian nuclear physicist Adlene Hicheur after rejecting a request for an extension to his work visa. He was convicted in 2012 for his involvement in a French terror plot. Local press reports said Hicheur had been deported to France.
    (Reuters, 7/16/16)

2016        Jul 17, In Libya 3 French special forces soldiers were killed. Officials in Libya later said the Islamist militia shot down a helicopter near Benghazi. The deaths provided the first confirmation that France has troops in the country where the Islamic State group has several bases.
    (AP, 7/20/16)

2016        Jul 19, Authorities in southern France detained a man who stabbed a woman and her three daughters at an Alps resort, apparently upset at what they were wearing.
    (AP, 7/19/16)
2016        Jul 19, In Libya  a French warplane bombed positions of Islamic militias outside the eastern city of Benghazi, killing at least 16 fighters and destroying the militias' weapons. The bombing came in retaliation for the July 17 killing of members of the French special forces by the militias.
    (AP, 7/21/16)

2016        Jul 20, The French government forced a divisive labor bill through Parliament without a vote for third and final time.
    (AP, 7/20/16)

2016        Jul 22, President Francois Hollande said France will supply weapons to Iraq to support its fight against the Islamic State group, but ruled out any troop deployment in the country.
    (AFP, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, IMF chief Christine Lagarde was ordered to stand trial in France over a massive state payout to a colourful tycoon when she was French economy minister.
    (AFP, 7/22/16)

2016        Jul 24, Chris Froome (31) became the first British cyclist to win the Tour de France three times.
    (http://tinyurl.com/hbh6jnm)
2016         Jul 24, British border agents moved in to help French officials deal with gigantic backups for travelers trying to cross the English Channel into France. The delays come at the start of the British holiday season when tens of thousands of vacationers head to continental Europe.
    (AP, 7/24/16)

2016        Jul 26, In France two attackers took hostages inside a church during morning Mass in the small Normandy town of Saint-Etienne-du-Rouvray, killing Father Jacques Hamel, (85) by slitting his throat before being shot and killed by police. The Islamic State group claimed responsibility for the attack. The attackers were soon identified as Adel Kermiche (19) and Abdel Malik Petitjean (19).
    (AP, 7/26/16)(AFP, 7/28/16)

2016        Jul 28, French President Francois Hollande confirmed that a National Guard would be formed from existing reserve forces to better protect citizens facing terror attacks.
    (AFP, 7/28/16)

2016        Jul 29, Air France cancelled 10 percent of its long-distance flights, during a period of high traffic due to summer vacations, because of a strike by cabin crew.
    (AP, 7/29/16)

2016        Aug 6, In northern France a fire sparked by birthday cake candles tore through the Au Cuba Libre bar in Rouen, killing at least 13 people.
    (AFP, 8/6/16)

2016        Aug 9, France said it has agreed to sell 30 Caracal military helicopters to Kuwait as part of the countries' strategic partnership. The deal was said to be worth more than 1 billion euros ($1.1 billion).
    (AP, 8/9/16)

2016        Aug 11, In France forest fires raged through parts of the Mediterranean coast, with the worst in almost two decades burning around Marseille, injuring seven people and forcing authorities to evacuate thousands from their homes.
    (Reuters, 8/11/16)

2016        Aug 24, India said it is investigating the extent to which secrets about French Scorpene submarines being built in the country have been compromised, after a leak of documents relating to its combat capabilities. The leak contains more than 22,000 pages outlining the secret capabilities of six submarines that French builder DCNS has designed for the Indian Navy.
    (Reuters, 8/24/16)

2016        Aug 25, Sonia Rykiel (86), the French fashion designer known as the Queen of Knitwear, died in Paris after a long battle with Parkinson's disease.
    (AFP, 8/25/16)

2016        Aug 26, A top French court suspended a ban on full-body burkini swimsuits that has angered Muslims, feminists and civil liberties campaigners.
    (Reuters, 8/26/16)

2016        Aug 31, In France the Marseille prosecutor's office said it has opened an investigation into trafficking and importing illegal drugs after workers at a Coca-Cola factory in Signes opened a shipment of orange juice but instead found 370 kg of cocaine.
    (AP, 8/31/16)

2016        Aug, In France Zhang Chaolin (49) was on his way with a friend to a restaurant in the suburb of Aubervilliers when three teens attacked them on the street. The father of two fell and hit his head on a wall, after being kicked in the chest, and died five days later. In 2018 Two suspects, who were 17 and 19 at the time of the assault, appeared in a juvenile court charged with violent robbery causing death and injury of a racist nature. A third, who was 15 at the time, was handed a two-year sentence at a separate trial.
    (AFP, 6/15/18)

2016        Sep 20, Air France canceled its morning flight to Kinshasa amid an escalation of street violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo capital over opposition claims the president wants to extend his mandate.
    (Reuters, 9/20/16)

2016        Sep 23, India signed a deal to buy 36 Rafale fighter jets from France for around $8.7 billion, the country's first major acquisition of combat planes in two decades and a boost for PM Narendra Modi's plan to rebuild an ageing fleet.
    (Reuters, 9/23/16)

2016        Oct 3, In France armed robbers early today forced their way into a private Paris residence where Kim Kardashian West was staying, tied her up and locked her in a bathroom before making off with more than $10 million worth of jewelry. On Jan 13, 2017, six more suspects were charged in the robbery raising the number of people facing preliminary charges to 10.
    (AP, 10/3/16)(SFC, 1/14/17, p.A2)

2016        Oct 5, A trio of European scientists has won the 2016 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for developing molecular machines that could one day be injected to fight cancer or used to make new types of materials and energy storage devices. Frenchman Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Scotland's J. Fraser Stoddart and Dutchman Bernard Feringa developed molecules that produce mechanical motion in response to a stimulus, allowing them to perform specific tasks.
    (Reuters, 10/5/16)

2016        Oct 21, Prosecutors from Belgium, France, Morocco and Spain called for the ability to unlock phones and computers and to gain access to encrypted communications to aid in the fight against terrorism following a 2-day meeting in Paris.
    (AP, 10/21/16)

2016        Oct 31, French Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said that France would be ready to intervene in Central African Republic if necessary, despite ending its peacekeeping mission in its former colony.
    (Reuters, 10/31/16)

2016        Oct, French journalists Gerard Davet and Fabrice Lhomme authored "Un président ne devrait pas dire ça..." (A president should not say that), based on 61 interviews with President Francois Hollande over four years.
    (Econ, 11/5/16, p.44)

2016        Nov 4, French police removed thousands of migrants from a squalid camp in northeast Paris that had doubled in size after the closure last week of the "Jungle" camp in Calais.
    (Reuters, 11/4/16)

2016        Nov 5, French police in Ascain arrested Mikel Irastorza, the leader of the debilitated Basque militant group ETA. Spanish police said Irastorza, who had been in hiding since 2008, became ETA's leading member a year ago.
    (AP, 11/5/16)

2016        Nov 8, Authorities identified a Belgian named Oussama Atar as the possible organizer of deadly Islamic State attacks on Paris and Brussels over the past year. The whereabouts of Abu Ahmed, a pseudonym of the suspected attack coordinator, was unknown.
    (AP, 11/8/16)

2016        Nov 10, French National Front leaders said what happened in the US could happen in France. Polls suggest Le Pen could easily make it into a runoff, but lacks the political allies she would need to win.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yyr8sm96)

2016        Nov 20, French conservatives voted in a nationwide primary for the first time to choose their nominee for next year's presidential election, after a campaign marked by concerns about immigration and Islamic extremism. The three leading candidates included Nicolas Sarkozy (61) and former prime ministers Francois Fillon (62) and Alain Juppe (72). Francois Fillon won 44 percent of the votes.
    (AP, 11/20/16)(Reuters, 11/21/16)

2016        Nov 21, In France two Qatari women were targeted on the A1 highway en route to Paris' high-end 16th arrondissement after arriving at the Le Bourget Airport. Two masked thieves stopped their car, sprayed them with tear gas and stole belongings worth as much as 5 million euros ($5.3 million).
    (AP, 11/22/16)

2016        Nov 25, In France British photographer David Hamilton (b.1933), known for his widely published nude images of underage girls, was found dead in his Paris home with a plastic bag over his head. Flavie Flament (42), who modelled for Hamilton almost 30 years ago, published an autobiographical novel last month in which she described being raped by a famous photographer during a shoot.
    (AP, 11/26/16)

2016        Nov 27, French conservatives voted for their nominee in next year's presidential election. Francois Fillon (62) faced Alain Juppe (71), both high-profile leaders of the center-right Republicans party.
    (AP, 11/27/16)

2016        Nov 29, Airbus said it wants to cut more than 1,100 jobs across Europe after presenting a reorganization plan to the works council in Toulouse.
    (AP, 11/29/16)

2016        Dec 1, The French-German human rights award in Berlin was presented to Wang Qiaoling, whose husband Li Heping, a prominent lawyer, was detained by Chinese authorities in 2015.
    (Reuters, 12/2/16)

2016        Dec 3, In Abu Dhabi representatives of around 40 countries approved plans to establish a fund to protect heritage sites in war zones and a network of safe havens for endangered artworks. The meeting, co-sponsored by France and the United Arab Emirates, was spurred by the systematic destruction and looting of archaeological treasures in Iraq and Syria by the Islamic State group. France committed $30 million toward protecting cultural heritage sites during wartime.
    (AFP, 12/3/16)(AP, 12/3/16)

2016        Dec 4, In France Japanese student Narumi Kurosaki (21) disappeared in the city of Besancon after having dinner with her ex, Nicolas Zepeda. In 2018 a prosecutor said she was probably suffocated in her university room by her fugitive Chilean ex-boyfriend. Her body has not been found despite extensive searches of a nearby forested area. Zepeda, a teaching assistant aged in his mid-twenties, left France and returned to Chile shortly after Kurosaki was last seen.
    (AFP, 11/19/18)

2016        Dec 6, In France former interior minister Bernard Cazeneuve took over as prime minister, replacing Manuel Valls who resigned to fight for the Socialist party nomination in presidential elections next year.
    (AFP, 12/6/16)

2016        Dec 7, Paris, France, was smothered by its worst winter pollution in a decade, with commuters enjoying free public transport and half of all cars ordered off the road to try to clear the air.
    (AFP, 12/7/16)

2016        Dec 8, Former French budget minister Jerome Cahuzac (64), whose brief in government was to crack down on tax dodgers, was sentenced to three years in prison for tax fraud and money laundering. The hidden wealth of Cahuzac and his wife Patricia Menard was estimated at 3.5 million euros ($3.8 million) in 2013, when Cahuzac was forced to resign after only 10 months in office.
    (AFP, 12/8/16)(AP, 12/8/16)

2016        Dec 9, In France Kazakh opposition figure Mukhtar Ablyazov was released from prison after France's highest administrative authority blocked his extradition to Russia, where he is accused of embezzling billions of dollars.
    (AFP, 12/10/16)

2016        Dec 10, In France US Secretary of State John Kerry was given the Legion d'Honneur, France's highest honor, with his French counterpart calling him "the most French of American officials".
    (AFP, 12/10/16)

2016        Dec 12, French police hunted for four men suspected of stealing gold dust worth an estimated 1.5 million euros from an armored truck before setting cars ablaze near a major highway and fleeing.
    (AP, 12/12/16)

2016        Dec 13, In France the Eiffel Tower, normally open every single day of the year, closed because of a strike over salaries and working conditions.
    (AP, 12/13/16)

2016        Dec 14, French police detained dozens of Greenpeace protesters who were blocking the Paris headquarters of EDF, the public electricity company that operates the nuclear power plants in France.
    (AP, 12/14/16)

2016        Dec 16, In France an elderly electrician and his wife were convicted of illicitly procuring hundreds of Picasso artworks that they kept for almost 40 years in the garage of their home. An appeals court in the southern city of Aix-en-Provence gave a two-year suspended sentence to Pierre Le Guennec (77), who carried out electrical work at the home of Pablo Picasso's last wife in the early 1970s, along with his wife, Danielle. The 180 paintings, other artworks as well as a book of 91 drawings were estimated at a combined worth of $63-$105 million.
    (Reuters, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, French and Spanish police made five arrests after discovering a suspected weapons trove for the Basque militant group ETA in southern France.
    (AP, 12/17/16)

2016        Dec 18, In Paris the Eiffel Tower reopened to the public after a closedown of five consecutive days due to workers' strike.
    (AP, 12/18/16)

2016        Dec 19, In France Christine Lagarde, the International Monetary Fund's managing director, was convicted without punishment of negligence by a special French court for her role in a contentious and generous arbitration award in 2008 to tycoon Bernard Tapie in 2008 over the botched sale of sportswear maker Adidas in the 1990s.
    (AP, 12/19/16)
2016        Dec 19, A draft report released by a European Parliament probe accused France, Italy and Spain of trying to slow down the introduction of tougher auto emissions tests despite knowing that the old ones were causing more pollution.
    (AP, 12/19/16)

2016        Dec 26, Frenchman Thomas Coville sailed into the Brittany port of Brest completing his sail around the world alone, to set a new world record: 49 days, 3 hours, 7 minutes and 38 seconds.
    (AP, 12/26/16)

2016        Dec 28, French President Francois Hollande pardoned Jacqueline Sauvage, who had been convicted for the murder of her violent husband. She had been sentenced to 10 years in jail for shooting dead her husband in 2012 after he beat her up for decades.
    (Reuters, 12/28/16)

2016        Franch presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron authored “Revolution."
    (Econ, 2/25/17, p.44)
2016        Another 5,000 French Jews emigrated to Israel this year, continuing a trend that has seen tens of thousands quit the country after a series of attacks targeting the community.
    (AFP, 1/9/17)

2017        Jan 4, In France former Kosovar PM Ramush Haradinaj was arrested at Basel Mulhouse Freiburg airport on a Serbian warrant. He faced possible extradition to Serbia to face war crimes charges.
    (AP, 1/5/17)
2017        Jan 4, French customs officials intercepted 70 kg of Captagon, dubbed the "jihadists' drug", at Paris's Charles de Gaulle airport, a first for France. Another 67 kg of the drug were found at the airport in February. Captagon, a type of amphetamine, is one of the most commonly used drugs among fighters in the Syrian war.
    (AFP, 5/30/17)

2017        Jan 5, French authorities started slaughtering ducks in the main foie gras-producing region to try to contain a dangerous form of bird flu.
    (AP, 1/5/17)

2017        Jan 6, In southwestern France workers wearing masks and protective clothes gassed thousands of ducks, in a massive cull that was ordered in an attempt to prevent a spread of the H5N8 bird flu virus.
    (Reuters, 1/6/17)

2017        Jan 8, In eastern France a bus skidded off a slippery stretch of Route 79, killing four Portuguese passengers and leaving more than a dozen injured.
    (AP, 1/8/17)

2017        Jan 9, French police arrested 17 people in relation to the robbery last Oct 3 in Paris of more than $10 million in jewels from Kim Kardashian West.
    (SFC, 1/10/17, p.A2)

2017        Jan 10, EU anti-trust regulators cleared the French government's massive restructuring of troubled state-owned nuclear reactor builder Areva.
    (AFP, 1/10/17)

2017        Jan 15, In France representatives from 70 countries met in Paris to try to revive stalled Israeli-Palestinian peace efforts. Neither Israel nor the Palestinians attended the conference.
    (AFP, 1/15/17)

2017        Jan 16, It was announced the Italy’s Luxottica, a maker of fancy specs, will merge with Essilor, a French producer of eye lenses.
    (www.essilor.com/en/investors/essilor-and-luxottica/)(Econ, 1/21/17, p.54)

2017        Jan 18, A court in southwest France gave the go-ahead for the extradition of Stephen Carruthers (43), a suspected pedophile arrested on Jan 8, who is one of Britain's most wanted fugitives.
    (AFP, 1/18/17)

2017        Jan 19, In France it was announced that aircraft-engine company Safran has agreed to buy seat and cabin manufacturer Zodiac Aerospace in a deal worth 8.5 billion euros ($9.1 billion).
    (AP, 1/19/17)

2017        Jan 22, French left-wing voters cast ballots in a nationwide presidential primary aimed at producing a Socialist candidate strong enough to confront formidable conservative and nationalist rivals in the April-May general election.
    (AP, 1/22/17)

2017        Jan 24, French Interior Minister Bruno Le Roux said that his government has requested blocks for 834 websites and that 1,929 more be pulled from search engines' results as part of the fight against "child pornographic and terrorist content". He also said French authorities ordered the blockage or removal of more than 2,700 websites in 2016.
    (AP, 1/24/17)
2017        Jan 24, The board of state-run Electricite de France voted to start the process of closing the two reactors at the 39-year-old Fessenheim plant, near the German border.
    (AP, 1/24/17)

2017        Jan 25, French investigators launched a preliminary probe into claims the wife of presidential candidate Francois Fillon earned 500,000 euros ($538,000) for a suspected fake job as his parliamentary aide.
    (AFP, 1/25/17)
2017        Jan 25, Poland's state-run defense firm PGZ said it has signed a memorandum of understanding with French military shipbuilder DCNS that could allow them to work together on building submarines in Poland.
    (Reuters, 1/25/17)

2017        Jan 26, French skipper Francis Joyon smashed the record for the fastest sail around the world by more than four days and he won the Jules Verne Trophy.
    (AP, 1/26/17)

2017        Jan 27, It was reported that Belgium has sealed an agreement with France and the Netherlands to draw up passenger lists and introduce passport checks on Thalys and Eurostar international rail services.
    (AP, 1/27/17)

2017        Jan 28, France and Germany expressed mounting alarm at key decisions by US Pres. Donald Trump in his first week in office, saying they raised many issues of concern.
    (AFP, 1/28/17)

2017        Jan 29, In France more than 1.3 million voters took part in the runoff vote organized by Socialists to pick their candidate for the presidential election, a higher turnout than at the same time in last week’s first round. Benoit Hamon (49) won the party nomination with almost 59% of the vote.
    (Reuters, 1/29/17)(SFC, 1/30/17, p.A2)

2017        Jan 30, In the Philippines Iris Mittenaere (23), a dental student from Lille city, France, won the Miss Universe crown in a pageant, saying her triumph will make the beauty contest more popular in Europe and help her efforts to put more underprivileged children in school.
    (AP, 1/30/17)

2017        Feb 1, Embattled French presidential candidate Francois Fillon said he would run in France's upcoming election despite fake job allegations targeting his wife that have put his campaign on the rocks.
    (Reuters, 2/1/17)

2017        Feb 2, In France an identity check degenerated in the Paris suburb of Aulnay-sous-Bois. A man (22) was severely injured after allegedly being sodomized with a police baton. One police officer was soon charged with rape and three others with assault.
    (AP, 2/6/17)

2017        Feb 3, A French soldier shot and wounded a man armed with a machete and carrying two bags on his back as he tried to enter the Paris Louvre museum in what the government said appeared to have been a terrorist attack. The attacker was shot four times after slightly injuring a soldier patrolling the nearby underground mall. An Egyptian Interior Ministry official confirmed the next day that the attacker is Egyptian-born Abdullah Reda Refaie al-Hamahmy (28).
    (Reuters, 2/3/17)(AP, 2/4/17)

2017        Feb 4, France's far-right National Front detailed 144 proposals for party leader Marine Le Pen's election bid, including leaving the euro and a vote on EU membership.
    (Reuters, 2/4/17)

2017        Feb 6, French presidential candidate Francois Fillon apologized for the "error" he made in hiring his wife as a parliamentary aide and denied she was paid for a fake job.
    (AFP, 2/6/17)

2017        Feb 7, Former French president Nicolas Sarkozy was ordered to stand trial in an inquiry into alleged campaign finance fraud during his failed 2012 re-election bid.
    (AP, 2/7/17)
2017        Feb 7, Gangs of French youths torched cars and bins in a showdown with police in a north Paris suburb overnight in a grim reminder of the simmering tension that sparked weeks of more serious rioting in the area a decade ago. It was the third night of tension since four police officers were suspended pending an inquiry into accusations they had used excessive force on Feb 2 while arresting a 22-year-old man there, including shoving a baton into his anus.
    (Reuters, 2/7/17)

2017        Feb 9, A French court threw out a complaint by a federation of Catholic families that dating site Gleeden's business model is illegal and anti-social because it encourages extramarital affairs.
    (AP, 2/9/17)
2017        Feb 9, French carmaker PSA Group, maker of Peugeot and Citroen vehicles, said it has been referred to prosecutors over its diesel emissions.
    (Reuters, 2/9/17)

2017        Feb 10, French anti-terrorist police arrested four people in Montpellier, including a girl (16), suspected of preparing an "imminent" attack.
    (AFP, 2/10/17)

2017        Feb 11, In France some 15,000 people marched in the eastern city of Strasbourg demanding that Turkey release Kurdish separatist leader Abdullah Ocalan, as Europe's Kurds held their biggest annual gathering.
    (AFP, 2/11/17)
2017        Feb 11, In France 37 people were arrested in the Paris suburbs when clashes erupted after a protest over the Feb 2 assault of a young black man allegedly sodomized with a police truncheon.
    (AFP, 2/12/17)

2017        Feb 13, In the French Alps at least four skiers were killed in an avalanche near the resort of Tignes. Rescuers said they are trying to dig out five others from the snow with shovels.
    (AP, 2/13/17)

2017        Feb 16, France's parliament approved a bill criminalizing websites that carry purposely false information with the aim of dissuading women from having abortions.
    (AP, 2/16/17)
2017        Feb 16, In France the Troadec family -- Pascal and Brigitte, both aged around 50, their son Sebastien (21) and his sister Charlotte (18) – were last seen in Nantes. Bloodstains found in the house in a suburb of Nantes later matched the DNA of three of the four missing persons. On March 5 the sister and brother-in-law of Pascal Troadec were remanded in custody.
    (AFP, 2/28/17)(AFP, 3/5/17)

2017        Feb 19, French activists demonstrated in Paris and other cities against corruption amid a presidential campaign marked by a fake jobs investigation and other legal scandals.
    (AP, 2/19/17)

2017        Feb 20, In France Vjeran Tomic (49), a criminal known as "Spiderman," was jailed for eight years for stealing five paintings in 2010 worth 100 million euros ($106 million) from a Paris museum.
    (AP, 2/20/17)

2017        Feb 22, France and Germany won backing from the European Union's executive for proposals to tighten security across Europe, which include giving more powers to governments to monitor frontiers with other EU states.
    (Reuters, 2/22/17)

2017        Feb 23, Hundreds of French high-school students staged an unauthorized anti-police rally, blocking the entrances to a dozen schools in Paris in the latest in a series of protests over the Feb 2 alleged rape of a young black man with a police baton.
    (Reuters, 2/23/17)

2017        Feb 24, France's centrist presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron (39) gave the first clear outlines of his economic program, promising a mix of public spending cuts and fresh investment to stimulate sluggish growth.
    (AFP, 2/24/17)

2017        Feb 25, France said it will send a contingent of counterterror forces to help the army in Niger after militants ambushed a military patrol on Feb 22 killing 16.
    (AFP, 2/26/17)

2017        Mar 3, In France charities expressed outrage as the mayor of the port Calais, which has symbolized Europe's refugee crisis, signed a ban a day earlier on gatherings that could stop aid groups distributing meals to migrants and refugees.
    (Reuters, 3/3/17)

2017        Mar 6, French carmaker PSA announced the acquisition of General Motors' European subsidiary, which includes the Opel and Vauxhall brands, for 1.3 billion euros ($1.38 billion).
    (AFP, 3/6/17)
2017        Mar 6, The French-made Peugeot 3008 was voted European car of the year on the eve of the opening of the Geneva motor show.
    (Econ, 3/11/17, p.63)

2017        Mar 7, In France poachers broke into the Thoiry Zoo overnight and shot a 5-year-old rhinoceros named Vince three times in the head. They used a chain saw to remove the animal's ivory horn.
    (AP, 3/7/17)

2017        Mar 9, The Ile de France region passed a new rule obliging laborers on public building sites to use French, copying action taken elsewhere in France to squeeze out foreign workers.
    (AP, 3/10/17)

2017        Mar 14, French presidential candidate Francois Fillon was put under formal investigation by magistrates on suspicion of embezzling state funds.
    (AP, 3/14/17)

2017        Mar 16, In Paris, France, a female employee of the International Monetary Fund suffered injuries to her face and arms when a letter bomb addressed to the world lender's European representative blew up as she opened it.
    (Reuters, 3/16/17)
2017        Mar 16, In southern France Killian Barbey (16) was arrested with a cache of weapons after a shooting at the Alexis de Tocqueville high school in Grasse that left eight people injured including the head teacher.
    (AFP, 3/16/17)(AP, 3/17/17)(SFC, 3/17/17, p.A2)

2017        Mar 17, A visit of Segolene Royal, the French minister of ecology, to French Guiana was cut short after masked demonstrators from the collective stormed into a regional conference on biodiversity she was attending in the department's capital city of Cayenne.
    (AP, 3/25/17)
2017        Mar 17, Txetx Etcheverry, a prominent figure in the French Basque community, said the Basque separatist group ETA will complete its disarmament by April 8.
    (AP, 3/17/17)

2017        Mar 18, In France a man was shot to death after attempting to seize a soldier's weapon at the Orly Airport. He was soon identified as Ziyed Ben Belgacem, a 39-year-old born in France. Judicial sources said he became a radicalized Muslim when he served a prison term several years ago for drug-trafficking.
    (AP, 3/18/17)(Reuters, 3/19/17)

2017        Mar 20, French Pres. Francois Hollande said world donors pledged more than $75 million to an historic UNESCO-backed alliance to protect cultural heritage sites threatened by war and the wave of ideological-driven destruction carried out by Islamic State group militants.
    (AP, 3/20/17)

2017        Mar 24, President Vladimir Putin granted an audience to French far-right party leader Marine Le Pen in the Kremlin, bestowing a level of international recognition that has so far eluded her in the countdown to France's presidential election.
    (Reuters, 3/24/17)
2017        Mar 24, The US government to issue a travel warning for French Guiana in South America. Large protests have spread throughout the territory, blocking roads to neighboring Brazil and Suriname.
    (AP, 3/25/17)

2017        Mar 26, In France Shaoyo Liu (56), a Chinese man, was shot and killed in his home by a plainclothes police officer. The killing prompted angry demonstrations the next day from the Asian community in Paris' multicultural northeast where the killing occurred. Liu’s daughter said her father was cooking dinner when she heard a loud knocking and that police broke down their door and shot him as he held scissors.
    (AP, 3/28/17)(AP, 3/29/17)

2017        Mar 27, French energy company Total announced the launching a multi-billion-dollar petrochemical joint venture in Texas as it tries to profit from the "business-friendly environment" under the current US administration.
    (AP, 3/27/17)
2017        Mar 27, French Guiana faced a nationwide strike over crime and economic difficulties, amid protests that have paralyzed the French territory in South America, halted flights and a rocket launch and prompted a US travel warning.
    (AP, 3/27/17)

2017        Mar 28, A French court sent Carlos the Jackal, once one of the world's most wanted criminals, back to jail for his third life sentence after convicting him of a grenade attack 42 years ago on a Paris shop that killed two people.
    (Reuters, 3/28/17)
2017        Mar 28, London and Paris signed a business agreement, to be launched in 2018, to cooperate in attracting visitors and companies.
    (AP, 3/28/17)

2017        Mar 29, The mayors of Paris and London announced a new scheme for monitoring emissions from vehicles, aimed at improving air quality in the two capitals.
    (Reuters, 3/29/17)

2017        Mar 31, In France hemmed in and closely watched by police, hundreds of Muslims unrolled rugs and mats and prayed outdoors in the busy streets of a Paris suburb to protest the closure of their prayer hall.
    (AP, 3/31/17)

2017        Apr 1, France announced a billion euros ($1.07 billion) aid for strike-hit French Guiana, as representatives of the Guianese told visiting ministers the South American territory should be given "special status".
    (AFP, 4/1/17)

2017        Apr 6, France's foreign minister called for the prosecution of President Bashar Assad's government amid growing international outrage over the April 4 assault in Syria's Idlib province that activists say killed 86 people.
    (AP, 4/6/17)
2017        Apr 6, French Bishop Herve Gaschignard (57) resigned at the behest of the Vatican over "inappropriate behavior" towards youths, just weeks after complaints came to the attention of his diocese.
    (AFP, 4/6/17)

2017        Apr 7, The Basque separatist group ETA, which has promised to give up all its remaining arms by April 8, said it has handed over the weapons to members of "civil society" in France. Analysts estimated ETA's arsenal at 130 handguns and two tons of explosives.
    (AFP, 4/7/17)

2017        Apr 8, Basque militant group ETA effectively ended an armed separatist campaign after almost half a century, leading French authorities to the sites where it says its caches of weapons, explosives and ammunition are hidden.
    (Reuters, 4/8/17)
2017        Apr 8, In eastern France Hani Ramadan, a Swiss Islamic preacher with extremist views, was arrested in Colmar as he was taking part in a conference. Police escorted him to the Swiss border.
    (AP, 4/9/17)d

2017        Apr 9, The French government published a decree for closing the country's oldest nuclear plant at Fessenheim, fulfilling a campaign-trail pledge made by President Francois Hollande who is now in the final weeks of office.
    (AFP, 4/9/17)

2017        Apr 11, In France a huge fire overnight gutted Grande-Synthe facility, one of the country’s biggest migrant camps housing 1,500 people. It started after a brawl involving hundreds of Afghans and Kurds. At least 10 people were injured.
    (AFP, 4/11/17)

2017        Apr 13, Facebook said it has targeted 30,000 fake accounts linked to France ahead of the country's two-round April 23-May 7 presidential election, as part of a worldwide effort against misinformation.
    (AP, 4/14/17)

2017        Apr 18, French police arrested two men in Marseille on suspicion of planning an attack just days before the first round of a presidential election, with bomb-making materials and guns found in searches.
    (AFP, 4/18/17)

2017        Apr 20, In France a gunman shot and killed a policeman and wounded two others in Paris late today, an attack claimed by the Islamic State group. Frenchman Karim Cheurfi (39) pulled out an automatic weapon and opened fire on a police van just a few hundred meters from the iconic Arc de Triomphe.
    (AFP, 4/21/17)

2017        Apr 23, French voters flocked to the polls under heavy security in the first round of a highly unpredictable presidential election seen as vital for the future of the ailing European Union. Centrist Emmanuel Macron won 23.74 percent of votes while far-right leader Marine Le Pen won 21.53 and will face off in the all-important second round on May 7.
    (AFP, 4/23/17)(Reuters, 4/24/17)

2017        Apr 25, Japan-based Trend Micro, a cybersecurity research group, said French presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron's political campaign was targeted by a group of Russian hackers last month.
    (AFP, 4/25/17)

2017        Apr 26, French intelligence services said they have scientific proof that the Syrian regime was responsible for the April 4 suspected chemical attack that killed 87 people.
    (AFP, 4/26/17)

2017        Apr 27, French riot police clashed with youths in central Paris when a demonstration against far right leader presidential candidate Marine Le Pen and her centrist rival Emmanuel Macron turned violent.
    (Reuters, 4/27/17)
2017        Apr 27, A French court turned down a Serbian request to extradite Ramush Haradinaj, a former guerilla commander and prime minister of Kosovo. A prosecutor said Haradinaj, who was arrested earlier this year, has been released.
    (SFC, 4/28/17, p.A2)

2017        May 1, In France one police officer was seriously burnt and two others injured in clashes at a May Day demonstration in Paris in which protesters threw Molotov cocktails and other missiles.
    (Reuters, 5/1/17)

2017        May 4, It was reported that France has granted political asylum to Russian artist Pyotr Pavlensky (33), who once memorably nailed his scrotum to Red Square to denounce state power.
    (AFP, 5/4/17)   

2017        May 5, French presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron's campaign said it had been the target of a "massive" computer hack that dumped its campaign emails online 1-1/2 days before voters choose between the centrist and far-right rival, Marine Le Pen.
    (Reuters, 5/6/17)
2017        May 5, In France the Cartooning for Peace group, founded by French cartoonist Plantu, said cartoonists were increasingly becoming the victims of repressive crackdowns on free speech. Ten countries including Russia, Turkey and India were condemned for censoring, locking up or threatening cartoonists in a new report published by the group.
    (AP, 5/5/17)

2017        May 6, The French electoral commission said media should not republish information hacked from the campaign team of centrist presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron.
    (Reuters, 5/6/17)

2017        May 7, France held presidential elections. Opinion polls predicted that the former economy minister Emmanuel Macron (39) would win the five-year presidency, seeing off the National Front's Marine Le Pen after an election campaign full of scandal and upsets. Macron beat far-right leader Marine Le Pen by 66 percent to 34.
    (Reuters, 5/7/17)(Reuters, 5/8/17)
2017        May 7, Thierry Frezier, an employee of a French mining company operating in Chad, arrived in the Sudanese capital Khartoum after being rescued in a raid organized by France, Chad and Sudan. He was kidnapped in Chad in March and taken to the Darfur area of Sudan. Five kidnappers were arrested in the raid.
    (Reuters, 5/7/17)

2017        May 8, French police said a hundred and forty-one people were arrested in Paris after trouble flared overnight following Emmanuel Macron's victory. The demonstrators were protesting both against Macron and his defeated far-right rival, Marine Le Pen.
    (Reuters, 5/8/17)

2017        May 9, In the French Alps an avalanche swept away a group of cross-country skiers, killing three people.
    (Reuters, 5/9/17)

2017        May 10, French carmaker Peugeot said shareholders of parent company PSA Group have agreed to the financial plans for buying General Motors' European operations, including the Opel and Vauxhall brands.
    (AP, 5/10/17)

2017        May 13, Romanian carmaker Dacia, owned by France's Renault, said some of its production had been hit by yesterday’s global ransomware cyber-attack that has infected computers in nearly 100 countries. Renault stopped production at several sites.
    (Reuters, 5/13/17)

2017        May 14, Emmanuel Macron (39) took power as president of France, vowing to restore the country's status in Europe and the world and heal divisions in society -- a nod to the bitter campaign the pro-EU centrist fought to defeat a far-right leader.
    (Reuters, 5/14/17)

2017        May 15, Newly-inaugurated French President Emmanuel Macron appointed Edouard Philippe (46), the center-right mayor of Le Havre, as prime minister in a move to broaden his political appeal and weaken his opponents before legislative elections in June.
    (Reuters, 5/15/17)(Econ 5/20/17, p.46)

2017        May 18, A French appeals court ruled that tycoon Bernard Tapie (74) must repay the 404 million euros ($449 million) he received in 2008 to settle his long-running dispute with the state over the sale of sports equipment maker Adidas.
    (AFP, 5/18/17)

2017        May 19, Mali’s Pres. Ibrahim Boubacar Keita sat down for talks with visiting French President Emmanuel Macron. Macron visited French troops fighting jihadists and urged faster progress on a peace accord signed in 2015.
    (AFP, 5/19/17)
2017        May 19, In France Stanley Greene (68), an award-winning American photographer of conflict, disasters and humanitarian crises across the globe, died in Paris.
    (AP, 5/19/17)

2017        May 28, In France the Cannes Film Festival awarded the Palme d’Or to Ruben Ostlund’s “The Square." Sofia Coppola became the second woman to win the best director award for her remake of “The Beguiled," Don Siegel’s 1971 Civil War drama.   
    (SFC, 5/29/17, p.A2)

2017        May 29, French Pres. Emanuel Macron held talks with Russian Pres. Vladimir Putin at Versailles. Macron pushed for cooperation on Syria and against the Islamic State group and launched an attack on two Russian media outlets he accused of spreading lying propaganda.
    (SFC, 5/30/17, p.A2)
2017        May 29, The European Union has approved the takeover of the reactor business of Areva by nuclear giant EDF in an all-French transaction, arguing it will not affect healthy competition in the sector.
    (AP, 5/29/17)

2017        May 31, OLAF, the EU's anti-graft watchdog, said it has been "flooded" with alleged fraud cases in the European Parliament and other bodies that have dragged in France's far-right National Front.
    (AFP, 5/31/17)

2017        Jun 3, French President Emmanuel Macron and India’s PM Narendra Modi put forth a common front on the need to fight climate change, with the French leader saying he would travel to India before year's end for a summit on promoting solar energy.
    (AP, 6/3/17)
2017        Jun 3, It was reported that French soldiers in Mali have killed at least 20 jihadists at the border with Burkina Faso.
    (SFC, 6/3/17, p.A2)

2017        Jun 6, In France a man wielding a hammer attacked a police patrol in front of Paris' Notre Dame Cathedral. Farid Ikken was a former Algerian journalist who was working on a doctoral thesis and had not been suspected of radicalization. Ikken remained hospitalized after being shot by police.
    (AP, 6/7/17)(AP, 6/10/17)

2017        Jun 7, French President Emmanuel Macron held a special meeting to create a new counterterrorism unit to improve intelligence-sharing and elaborate security strategies, one day after a man attacked a police officer in front of Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris.
    (AP, 6/7/17)

2017        Jun 9, France's Constitutional Court struck down a measure allowing local authorities to bar protesters and others from their territories as part of the country's prolonged state of emergency.
    (AP, 6/9/17)
2017        Jun 9, French photographer Mathias Depardon was reported freed after a month in custody in Turkey.
    (AP, 6/9/17)

2017        Jun 11, French voters went back to the polls for the first round of parliamentary elections. President Emmanuel Macron's centrist “Republic on the Move" party won 28% of the votes for the National Assembly.
    (AFP, 6/11/17)(SFC, 6/12/17, p.A2)

2017        Jun 12, French urban climber Alain Robert scaled a 29-story hotel in Barcelona with his bare hands and in just 20 minutes.
    (AP, 6/13/17)

2017        Jun 18, French voters returned to the polls for the second round of a parliamentary election. Emmanuel Macron's Republic on the Move (LRM) and its centrist ally MoDem won 350 seats in the 577-seat National Assembly in the runoff vote. The result means LRM can if necessary govern without the support of MoDem, which won 42 seats.
    (AFP, 6/18/17)(AP, 6/19/17)(Econ 6/24/17, p.46)

2017        Jun 19, In France a car exploded as it crashed into a police vehicle on Paris’ Champs Elysees killing only the driver (31), later identified only as Adam D. Police called it a possible terrorist attack.
    (SFC, 6/20/17, p.A2)(SFC, 6/23/17, p.A2)
2017        Jun 19, The European Union approved 377 million euros ($420 million) in state aid from France and Germany for the development of a new Airbus helicopter.
    (AP, 6/19/17)
2017        Jun 19, In Iraq French video journalist Stephan Villeneuve (48) and Iraqi Kurdish journalist Bakhtiyar Haddad (41) were killed in a mine blast while covering the operation to root out Islamic State extremists from Mosul. Swiss journalist Veronique Robert (54) was severely wounded and died later this week after being flown back to France for treatment.
    (AP, 6/20/17)(AFP, 6/24/17)

2017        Jun 20, French Defence Minister Sylvie Goulard announced her resignation over a fake jobs scandal that has hit her small centrist MoDem party, which has allied itself with President Emmanuel Macron's party.
    (AFP, 6/20/17)
2017        Jun 20, In France a truck driver was killed in a highway accident prompted by a roadblock installed by migrants trying to board trucks traveling across to Britain. Nine Eritrean migrants were detained.
    (AP, 6/20/17)

2017        Jun 23, French President Emmanuel Macron and four eastern European Union leaders (Visegrad-4) sought to turn the page after publicly trading barbs over their differences on issues ranging from jobs to the bloc’s fundamental values. Poland, Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic say they should be allowed to compete on lower prices - just as more developed western EU nations compete on quality products and know-how - to catch up after decades of communist stagnation.
    (Reuters, 6/23/17)

2017        Jun 26, French billionaire Francois Pinault unveiled his plans for a spectacular new museum in Paris. Pinault will show his $1.4 billion (1.25 billion euro) collection of modern masters in the domed Bourse de Commerce to open in early 2019.
    (AFP, 6/26/17)

2017        Jun 27, French construction materials company Saint Gobain said that it had been a victim of a cyberattack, and it had isolated its computer systems in order to protect data. The global cyber-attack also hit the property arm of France's biggest bank BNP Paribas, one of the largest financial institutions known to be affected by an extortion campaign.
    (Reuters, 6/27/17)(Reuters, 6/28/17)

2017        Jun 30, Simone Veil (b.1927), a survivor of Auschwitz and one of France's most respected politicians, died. As a member of the center-right Union for French Democracy, she was named health minister under president Valery Giscard d'Estaing and led a battle that marked her generation: the legalization of abortion.
    (AP, 6/30/17)(Econ 7/8/17, p.78)

2017        Jul 1, In Germany the 104th edition of the Tour de France got underway in rainy conditions in Duesseldorf. The three-week Tour concludes in Paris on July 23.
    (AP, 7/1/17)

2017        Jul 2, In Mali French Pres. Emmanuel Macron met with leaders from five regional countries known as the G5 (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger). He said France will provide military support for operations as well as 70 tactical vehicles and communications, operations and protective equipment to support a new multinational military force against extremists in the vast Sahel region.
    (AP, 7/2/17)

2017        Jul 3, France, Germany and the European Union pledged more money for Libya's coast guard and more support for Italy to cope with a surge of migrant arrivals from Africa.
    (AP, 7/3/17)
2017        Jul 3, French energy giant Total signed a $4.9 billion agreement to develop an Iranian offshore gas field, in the biggest foreign deal since sanctions on Iran were eased.
    (AFP, 7/3/17)
2017        Jul 3,  British authorities said they have seized 79 handguns at a border check on the French side of the Channel Tunnel in the largest such haul on record.
    (Reuters, 7/3/17)

2017        Jul 6, French Ecology Minister Nicolas Hulot said France aims to end the sale of gasoline and diesel vehicles by 2040 and become carbon neutral 10 years later.
    (Reuters, 7/6/17)
2017        Jul 6, French Environment Minister Nicolas Hulot said France will take measures to restrict the use of palm oil in the production of biofuels with the aim of reducing indirect deforestation.
    (Reuters, 7/6/17)
2017        Jul 6, French Interior Minister Gerard Collomb said France is confiscating weapons from roughly 100 people on a watchlist of potential Islamist militants, two weeks after state prosecutors said an assailant inspired by Islamic State had been a gun-club member.
    (Reuters, 7/6/17)
2017        Jul 6, Physicists at the Large Hadron Collider beneath the Swiss-French border, announced the fleeting discovery of a long theorized but never-before-seen type of baryon called Xi cc.
    (AP, 7/6/17)

2017        Jul 7, Paris police moved out nearly 2,771 migrants who had been living rough in the north of the city, in the latest operation to ease strains caused by a human influx to Europe. They were taken mainly to school gymnasiums that have become available during the summer holidays.
    (AFP, 7/7/17)

2017        Jul 9, A storm lashed Paris late today with the highest rainfall ever recorded in the French capital, while other areas of France's center-west saw as much rain as would normally fall in the entire month of July.
    (Reuters, 7/10/17)

2017        Jul 10, State-owned Qatar Petroleum and French energy giant Total said they will formally launch a 25-year joint venture to develop the Al Shaheen oil field this week.
    (AFP, 7/10/17)

2017        Jul 11, Retired French judge Jean-Michel Lambert (65) was found dead at his home with his head in a plastic bag. Lambert had been the first magistrate in charge of the investigation into the 1984 killing of four-year-old Gregory Villemin. The case has haunted France for three decades.
    (Reuters, 7/12/17)

2017        Jul 12, PM Edouard Philippe said France will cut processing time for asylum requests and boost housing for refugees while "systematically" deporting illegal economic migrants.
    (AFP, 7/12/17)
2017        Jul 12, A French court annulled Google’s $1.27 billion bill for back taxes saying that the way the firm operates in France allows it to be exempt from most taxes.
    (SFC, 7/13/17, p.C3)

2017        Jul 13, French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel have opened the 19th annual summit between the two European countries, centered on security, defense and boosting the European project in a time of doubt.
    (AP, 7/13/17)
2017        Jul 13, France and Germany agreed to develop a European fighter jet to replace their existing fleets, part of a raft of measures to tighten defense and security cooperation, according to a document issued after a Franco-German cabinet meeting in Paris.
    (Reuters, 7/13/17)
2017        Jul 13, French power giant EDF said that it has acquired 11 wind farm projects in Britain as part of its drive to double renewable energy capacity by 2030.
    (AFP, 7/13/17)
2017        Jul 13, US Pres. Donald Trump arrived in France for a brief 24-hour trip to Paris coinciding with the July 14 Bastille Day celebrations.
    (AFP, 7/13/17)

2017        Jul 14, France’s President Emmanuel Macron and US President Donald Trump watched US and French soldiers march together through the Paris sunshine in a double celebration marking 100 years since the United States entered World War One and France's annual Bastille Day holiday.
    (Reuters, 7/14/17)

2017        Jul 15, In France the Energy Observer, a boat that fuels itself, set off around the world from Paris on a six-year journey that its designers hope will serve as a model for emissions-free energy networks of the future. The boat was originally designed in 1983 and enjoyed a successful career in open-sea sailing races before skippers Frederic Dahirel and Victorien Erussard and a French research institute converted it into the Energy Observer project.
    (AP, 7/15/17)

2017        Jul 19, Gen. Pierre de Villiers, France’s armed forces chief, resigned in a dispute with Pres. Emmanuel Macron over defense budget cuts. Gen. Francois Lecointre, a career military officer, was nominated as the new military chief.
    (Reuters, 7/19/17)(AP, 7/19/17)

2017        Jul 25, French Pres. Emmanuel Macron greeted Libyan Gen Khalifa Haftar.  Libya's UN-backed PM Fayez al-Sarraj and military strongman rival Khalifa Haftar met near Paris for talks aimed at easing tensions in their violence-wracked country.
    (AFP, 7/25/17)(Econ 7/29/17, p.37)
2017        Jul 25, French firefighters battled wind-whipped infernos along the French Riviera coast as the flames torched vegetation on hills overlooking glitzy Mediterranean resorts thronged by summer holidaymakers.
    (AP, 7/25/17)

2017        Jul 27, French politicians will no longer be allowed to employ their spouses or children as parliamentary assistants under rules adopted in response to a scandal involving former PM Francois Fillon and his wife.
    (Reuters, 7/27/17)
2017        Jul 27, The European Commission ordered France and Belgium to end tax breaks for ports, saying they distort competition in the 28-nation European Union.
    (AP, 7/27/17)

2017        Jul 31, French actress Jeanne Moreau (b.1928) died at her home in Paris. She lit up the screen in "Jules et Jim" (1962). Her other films included “Elevator to the Gallows" (1957) and “The Bride Wore Black" (1968).
    (AFP, 7/31/17)(SFC, 9/14/17 p.E8)(Econ, 8/12/17, p.74)
2017        Jul 31, Wikileaks published a cache of more than 70,000 emails related to the recent campaign of French Pres. Emmanuel Macron going back to 2009. There were no immediate bombshell disclosures.
    (SFC, 8/1/17, p.A2)

2017        Aug 5, In southern France hundreds of farmers, shepherds and politicians rallied in Aveyron calling for action to halt the slaughter of livestock by packs of wolves.
    (AFP, 8/5/17)

2017        Aug 7, Iran signed the country's biggest-ever car deal o build tens of thousands of cars annually under a joint venture with French automobile manufacturer Groupe Renault, buoying its manufacturing industry in defiance of the Trump administration's moves to isolate the country.
    (AP, 8/7/17)

2017        Aug 8, In France a BMW rammed into a group of soldiers in the Paris suburb of Levallois-Perret. Six soldiers were injured in the attack. Police the next day arrested the chief suspect in the attack. The man was wounded in a gunfight during his capture.
    (AP, 8/9/17)(SFC, 8/10/17, p.A4)

2017        Aug 14, In France a driver (32) rammed his car into a pizzeria near Paris, killing a girl and injuring 13 people. Officials the next day said he had consumed large quantities of medication and had severe mental health problems.
    (AFP, 8/15/17)(SFC, 8/1617, p.A2)

2017        Aug 17, Fadwa Suleiman (44), Syrian actress-turned-activist died in Paris overnight of cancer. She had fled to France after taking part in the 2011 uprising against President Bashar al-Assad. She had warned against the conflict turning into sectarian war, tried unsuccessfully to persuade residents of the predominantly Alawite cities of Latakia and Tartus to join the uprising.
    (AFP, 8/17/17)

2017        Aug 18, French police evicted thousands of migrants living on sidewalks in an area of northern Paris. Interior Minister Gerard Collomb said the latest action proved the system for handling migrants is "dysfunctional".
    (Reuters, 8/18/17)

2017        Aug 21, In France at least one person was killed and another injured in Marseille when a van crashed into two bus shelters in different parts of the city, in an incident not being treated as terrorism at this stage. The driver, a 35-year-old man being treated for psychological problems, was arrested.
    (Reuters, 8/21/17)(SFC, 8/22/17, p.A2)
2017        Aug 21, French oil company Total agreed to buy Danish conglomerate AP Moller-Maersk's oil business for $7.45 billion, in a deal that will strengthen its position in the North Sea.
    (AP, 8/21/17)

2017        Aug 25, French President Emmanuel Macron triggered a furious reaction from Poland after he attacked Warsaw for rejecting tough proposals to overhaul a controversial EU rule on cheap labor.
    (AFP, 8/25/17)

2017        Aug 26, French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said France is to grant a 430-million euro loan to Iraq and will help reconstruction and reconciliation efforts as it emerges from the war against Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 8/26/17)(AFP, 8/26/17)

2017        Aug 27, In southeastern France a girl (9) disappeared from a wedding party in Pont-de-Beauvoisin, 85 kilometers (53 miles) from Lyon. Police dogs found the girl's trace but lost it in the village hall's car park, suggesting she may have got into a car. On Sep 3 a local man (34), who was among the guests, was remanded in custody on charges of "kidnapping, illegal confinement or arbitrary detention" after her DNA was found in his car.
    (AP, 8/31/17)(AP, 9/4/17)
2017        Aug 27, In France Mireille Darc (79), a star of French cinema in the 1970s, died in Paris. She caused a sensation in a plunging backless gown in "The Tall Blond Man With One Black Shoe" (1972).
    (AFP, 8/28/17)

2017        Aug 28, The leaders of France, Germany, Italy and Spain met in Paris with counterparts from Libya, Niger and Chad to discuss ways to curb illegal migration across the Mediterranean Sea to European shores.
    (AP, 8/28/17)

2017        Aug 30, French police said some 250 to 300 bottles, worth up to 1,000 euros ($1,200) each, were stolen from the cellar in the 6th arrondissement of Paris sometime between July 28 and Aug 28, while the owner was vacationing.
    (AP, 8/30/17)

2017        Sep 5, The French defense minister said France is set to arm drones for the first time that are currently used exclusively for surveillance and intelligence.
    (AP, 9/5/17)
2017        Sep 5, A French court ruled that celebrity magazine Closer invaded the privacy of Britain's Prince William's wife Kate, the Duchess of Cambridge, when it published topless photos of her in 2012. The court handed the maximum fine of 45,000 euros ($53,500) to both Laurence Pieau, an editor of Closer's French edition, and Ernesto Mauri, chief executive of Italian publisher Mondadori, the magazine's owner.
    (Reuters, 9/5/17)

2017        Sep 6, France's government unveiled a law to ban all production and exploration of oil and natural gas by 2040 on the country's mainland and overseas territories.
    (AP, 9/6/17)
2017        Sep 6, In France two men were detained and the third man a day later linked to an explosives lab found in an apartment in a Paris suburb. They had talked about wanting to target a bank and had made phone calls to unidentified contacts in Syria.
    (AP, 9/7/17)
2017        Sep 6, French corporations LVMH and Kering signed a joint charter on working conditions in the fashion models industry aiming to protect the health of models. The agreement will take effect this month, in time for the spring-summer ready-to-wear runway collections.
    (AP, 9/6/17)
2017        Sep 6, Kate Millett (82), activist, artist and educator, died while on a visit in Paris. Her best-selling "Sexual Politics" (1970) was a landmark of cultural criticism and a manifesto for the modern feminist movement.
    (AP, 9/7/17)

2017        Sep 7, French President Emmanuel Macron kicked off his first official visit to Greece with a call for concerted efforts to tackle climate change.
    (AP, 9/7/17)
2017        Sep 7, French Interior Minister Gerard Collomb told Franc Info that at least eight people died and another 23 were injured when Hurricane Irma walloped the French Caribbean island territories of St. Martin and St. Barthelemy.
    (AP, 9/7/17)
2017        Sep 7, Britain, France and the Netherlands sent water, emergency rations and rescue teams to their stricken territories in the Caribbean hit by Hurricane Irma.
    (AFP, 9/7/17)

2017        Sep 8, French fashion tycoon Pierre Bergé (86), the business brains behind the Yves Saint Laurent empire, died at his home at Saint-Remy-de-Provence.
    (AFP, 9/8/17)(Econ, 9/16/17, p.79)

2017        Sep 12, In France tens of thousands of protesters marched against President Emmanuel Macron's flagship economic reforms in the first major demonstrations against his pro-business agenda. Riot police clashed with hooded youths on the fringe of a protest in central Paris against Macron's reforms to loosen labor regulations.
    (AFP, 9/12/17)(Reuters, 9/12/17)

2017        Sep 13, French PM Edouard Philippe shrugged off nationwide protests against planned reforms to France's strict labor regulations, saying he was "listening" but would nonetheless press ahead with the bill.
    (Reuters, 9/13/17)

2017        Sep 14, In France the "secret" art collection amassed by Claude Monet, the father of Impressionism, went on display for the first time in Paris, 90 years after the great painter's death.
    (AFP, 9/14/17)

2017        Sep 15, France's highest court ruled that a researcher could be denied access to sensitive archives concerning the 1994 genocide in Rwanda even though they were ostensibly opened to the public in 2015.
    (AFP, 9/15/17)
2017        Sep 15, In France two women were injured by an attacker wielding a hammer and shouting Allahu Akbar in the eastern town of Chalon-sur-Saone in Burgundy. The attacker was on the run.
    (Reuters, 9/15/17)

2017        Sep 17, In France a woman (41) was arrested after she attacked four American women with acid in the Marseille train station.
    (AP, 9/17/17)

2017        Sep 19, French police encircled a makeshift camp in a forest near Dunkirk to force the evacuation of hundreds of migrants.
    (AP, 9/19/17)

2017        Sep 20, Liliane Bettencourt (b.1922), heiress of the L’Oreal cosmetics empire, died at her home near Paris.
    (SFC, 9/22/17 p.D8)

2017        Sep 21, French labor unions staged fresh protests against Pres. Emmanuel Macron's contested labor law reforms, a day before he adopts them by executive order.
    (AP, 9/21/17)

2017        Sep 22, French President Emmanuel Macron formally signed five decrees overhauling labor rules, the first major economic reforms since he took power in May.
    (Reuters, 9/22/17)

2017        Sep 23, In France several thousand demonstrators rallied to a call by firebrand leftist politician Jean-Luc Melenchon to join a protest in Paris against President Emmanuel Macron's sweeping reforms of the labor code.
    (AFP, 9/23/17)

2017        Sep 25, The French government said it is open to phasing out common weedkiller glyphosate, following complaints from farmers worried about a potential imminent ban.
    (Reuters, 9/25/17)
2017        Sep 25, French truck drivers staged road blockages near fuel depots across the country to protest against President Emmanuel Macron's changes to labor laws.
    (AP, 9/25/17)

2017        Sep 27, French President Emmanuel Macron's business-friendly government unveiled its first annual budget. The government confirmed it plans to cut taxes on high-earning finance sector jobs as part of efforts to make Paris more attractive for firms shifting operations out of London due to Brexit.
    (AFP, 9/27/17)

2017        Sep 28, French screen goddess Brigitte Bardot was honored in the Riviera resort of St Tropez, where a 2.5-meter (eight-foot) statue of the actress was unveiled on her 83rd birthday.
    (AFP, 9/26/17)

2017        Sep 29, French President Emmanuel Macron said European Union leaders agreed during a summit dinner in Talinn that they should push ahead more quickly with reforms of the bloc. Macron won backing from Angela Merkel for plans to reform the European Union after Brexit.
    (Reuters, 9/29/17)
2017        Sep 29, French automaker Citroen said it is shutting down its car sharing service in Berlin after struggling to compete against rivals BMW and Daimler effective Oct 29.
    (AP, 9/29/17)

2017        Sep 30, French police arrested five people, including one on a terror watchlist, after discovering a suspected home-made bomb in one of Paris's most exclusive neighborhoods.
    (AFP, 10/3/17)

2017        Sep, French archeologists discovered a medieval treasure at the Cluny abbey. The find included more than 2,000 medieval coins and myriad gold objects. The discovery was only made public on Nov. 14.
    (SFC, 11/16/17, p.A2)

2017        Oct 1, In France two women were stabbed to death and their assailant shot dead by soldiers in the southern port city of Marseille in what police sources described as a "likely terrorist act". The man who fatally stabbed the two young women had been arrested and released the day before the attack.
    (Reuters, 10/1/17)(AP, 10/2/17)
2017        Oct 1, Parisians and tourists were encouraged to stroll through the City of Light as officials banned cars from its streets for a day. Only emergency vehicles, buses and taxis were allowed on the streets from 11 a.m. until 6 p.m.
    (AP, 10/1/17)

2017        Oct 3, France's parliament adopted an anti-terrorism bill that will bolster police surveillance powers and make it easier to close mosques suspected of preaching hatred, but rights groups said it would lead to civil freedoms being infringed.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)

2017        Oct 5, France offered to mediate in a political crisis pitting Iraq's government against Kurdish regional authorities, and promised to maintain a military presence there until Islamic State was defeated.
    (Reuters, 10/5/17)
2017        Oct 5, French writer and actress Anne Wiazemsky (70), who famously wrote a best-selling account of her short marriage to New Wave director Jean-Luc Godard, died of cancer in Paris. She made her screen debut as an elfin 19-year-old in "Au Hasard Balthazar", Robert Bresson's classic 1966 film about a mistreated Christ-like donkey.
    (AFP, 10/5/17)

2017        Oct 6, A British border guard was one of 12 people arrested in France and Britain as part of an operation against arms and drugs smuggling across the English Channel.
    (Reuters, 10/9/17)

2017        Oct 7, In Italy Anis Hanachi (25) was arrested on an international warrant issued by France while riding a bicycle in the center of the northern city of Ferrara. He is believed responsible for radicalizing his elder brother Ahmed Hanachi, who stabbed two women to death on Oct 1 in Marseille.
    (AP, 10/9/17)

2017        Oct 9, French farmers trucked hundreds of sheep into a central square in Lyon in protest against the government's protection of wolves, which they blame for livestock deaths and heavy financial losses. The president of the National Sheep Federation, said wolves were costing livestock producers 26 million euros a year compared with 1.5 million euros in 2004.
    (Reuters, 10/9/17)

2017        Oct 10, In France more than 100,000 public sector workers angered by Pres. Emmanuel Macron's plans to freeze their pay and eliminate jobs went on strike, amplifying opposition to the president's cost-cutting, pro-business agenda.
    (AFP, 10/10/17)
2017        Oct 10, Vietnam's flag carrier and Air France signed an agreement to deepen their cooperation to tap the growing travel market between Vietnam and Europe.
    (AP, 10/10/17)

2017        Oct 11, A Paris judge handed down jail terms of up to seven years to protesters who attacked and torched a police car with two officers inside. Swiss national Joachim Landwehr, who is on the run and was tried in absentia, was sentenced to seven years for throwing a smoke bomb into the car during the attack in May 2016. Six others were also convicted for their part in the attack.
    (AFP, 10/11/17)

2017        Oct 12, French President Emmanuel Macron launched round two of his ambitious domestic reform program. This included major changes to the generous unemployment benefits system, as well as large increases in state-funded training aimed at helping the unemployed back into the workplace.
    (AFP, 10/12/17)
2017        Oct 12, In France eight Greenpeace activists broke into a nuclear power station and set off fireworks to urge better protection for nuclear waste and protest France's dependence on atomic energy.
    (AP, 10/12/17)

2017        Oct 18, The French parliament adopted a controversial anti-terror bill that gives the authorities permanent new powers to search homes, shut places of worship and restrict freedom of movement.
    (AFP, 10/18/17)

2017        Oct 24, In France Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi met with President Emmanuel Macron as part of a three-day visit focusing on economic cooperation and the fight against extremism.
    (AP, 10/24/17)

2017        Oct 26, Paris city hall called an ad linking students with rich men and women "shameful," and said officials will work with police to remove it from the city.
    (AP, 10/26/17)

2017        Oct 27, A French court handed Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue (48), the son of Equatorial Guinea's president, a suspended sentence of three years in prison for embezzling millions in public money, in the first of several planned trials in France of foreign figures allegedly thriving on ill-gotten gains.
    (AP, 10/27/17)

2017        Oct 29, French police detained Francois Compaore, the younger brother of former Burkina Faso president Blaise Compaore, at Charles de Gaulle airport on an int’l arrest warrant related to the 1998 murder of Norbert Zongo, who published Burkina Faso's Independent newspaper. Francois Compaore was released the next day.
    (Reuters, 10/30/17)

2017        Oct 30, French President Emmanuel Macron formally signed a sweeping counterterrorism law that replaces a two-year-old state of emergency and is meant to give police more tools to fight violent extremism.
    (AP, 10/30/17)
2017        Oct 30, Swiss pharmaceutical giant Novartis said it has offered to buy Advanced Accelerator Applications of France for $3.9 billion, to bolster its portfolio of cancer treatments.
    (SFC, 10/31/17, p.D2)

2017        Oct, In France the charred body of Alexia Daval (29) was found near the town of Gray-la-Ville. In 2019 husband Jonathann Daval (35) admitted to partially burning her body after brutally beating her, following a meticulous police reconstruction of the events.
    (AP, 6/17/19)

2017        Nov 1, France officially ended a two-year state of emergency, replacing it with the introduction of a new security law which critics say undermines civil liberties.
    (Reuters, 11/1/17)

2017        Nov 6, In France Eric Vuillard's "L'Ordre du Jour," or "The Agenda," was awarded the Goncourt Prize in a Paris cafe, part of a long-running tradition. The novel portrays the Nazis as the product of big business interests — including businesses that remain major industrial players today.
    (AP, 11/6/17)

2017        Nov 8, France's National Assembly lifted the immunity from prosecution of far-right leader Marine Le Pen for tweeting pictures of Islamic State group atrocities.
    (AP, 11/8/17)
2017        Nov 8, French President Emmanuel Macron joined Arab leaders to inaugurate the new Louvre Abu Dhabi.
    (AP, 11/8/17)

2017        Nov 9, President Emmanuel Macron said France has sold two Gowind-class corvettes of state-owned shipbuilder Naval Group to the United Arab Emirates.
    (Reuters, 11/9/17)
2017        Nov 9, A report by France's nuclear safety agency said an apparent accident at a Russian facility is suspected of causing a recent spike in radioactivity in the air over much of Europe. It said the release of the isotope Ruthenium-106 posed no health or environmental risks to European countries. The Ruthenium appeared to come from an accident in late September involving nuclear fuel or the production of radioactive material.
    (AP, 11/10/17)

2017        Nov 10, In France Remi Muzeau, the mayor of Paris suburb Clichy-la-Garenne, led more than 100 demonstrators in a show of force to dissuade Muslims from praying on the town's market square.
    (AP, 11/10/17)
2017        Nov 10, UNESCO member states overwhelmingly approved the nomination of France's former culture minister Audrey Azoulay to head the embattled cultural agency.
    (AFP, 11/10/17)

2017        Nov 14, French prosecutors said HSBC Private Bank, a Swiss unit of banking giant HSBC, has agreed to pay 300 million euros ($352 million) to avoid going to trial in France for enabling tax fraud.
    (AFP, 11/14/17)
2017        Nov 14, Airbnb said hosts in central Paris can now only rent out their homes for up to 120 nights a year, a new cap introduced to comply with city regulations.
    (AP, 11/14/17)

2017        Nov 16, France said Lebanese PM Saad Hariri has accepted an invitation to come to France after his surprise resignation from Saudi Arabia nearly two weeks ago that stunned Lebanon and rattled the region.
    (AP, 11/16/17)
2017        Nov 16, Alice Zeniter (31) won the Students' Goncourt prize, France's most lucrative book prize for her novel "The Art of Losing," a powerful account of what happened to an Algerian "harki" family who sided with the French during the country's war of independence.
    (AP, 11/16/17)

2017        Nov 17, Paris region authorities said 1,142 clients of prostitutes have been fined in the French capital since a law that bans buying sex entered into effect in April 2016.
    (AP, 11/17/17)

2017        Nov 18, In France a police officer (31) shot three people dead before turning his gun on himself, in a killing spree sparked by a row with his girlfriend in Sarcelles.
    (AFP, 11/19/17)
2017        Nov 18, In France Saad al-Hariri arrived in Paris, where he met French President Emmanuel Macron. Hariri has said he will return to Lebanon by Nov. 22 for its Independence Day celebrations.
    (Reuters, 11/19/17)
2017        Nov 18, French-Tunisian fashion designer Azzedine Alaia (b.1935) died in Paris after winning a worldwide following.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azzedine_Ala%C3%AFa)(SSFC, 11/19/17, p.C10)

2017        Nov 19, French authorities said they will stop Muslims from praying in a street north of Paris, after a series of protests by lawmakers and locals over what they view as an unacceptable use of public space.
    (AFP, 11/19/17)

2017        Nov 20, French police arrested Suleiman Kerimov (51), a Russian businessman and lawmaker, at Nice airport in connection with a French tax evasion case. Kerimov built his multi-billion natural resources business through a combination of debt, an appetite for risk, and political connections.
    (Reuters, 11/22/17)

2017        Nov 21, French truck drivers blocked traffic at border crossings with Spain, Italy and Belgium in protest over cut-price competition in the road-freight industry. French truckers faced being priced out by drivers from other EU member states, who are willing to do fixed-term work for lower pay than French drivers might normally receive.
    (Reuters, 11/21/17)

2017        Nov 22, French far-right leader Marine Le Pen accused two banks of launching a "banking fatwa" to silence her National Front party by closing bank accounts of hers and her party's.
    (Reuters, 11/22/17)

2017        Nov 23, France-based Interpol said 40 suspected human traffickers have been arrested and nearly 500 of their victims freed in a vast police operation in five African countries.  The operation earlier this month was carried out in Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal.
    (AP, 11/24/17)

2017        Nov 24, A French court halted sales of two pesticides made by US chemicals giant Dow after an environmental group raised fears that the substances could be harmful to bees.
    (AFP, 11/24/17)

2017        Nov 25, France’s President Emmanuel Macron announced an initiative to address violence and harassment against women in France marking the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women. His plans aimed at erasing the sense of shame that breeds silence among victims and changing what he said is France's sexist culture.
    (AP, 11/25/17)

2017        Nov 27, Teachers at many of France's international schools, a symbol of French soft power around the world, went on strike over planned cuts to budgets and staffing. Paris has 492 schools in 137 foreign countries, catering to some 350,000 students including the children of elite business leaders and diplomats.
    (AFP, 11/27/17)

2017        Nov 28, In Burkina Faso French Pres. Emmanuel Macron kicked off his maiden African tour by vowing to declassify secret French files on Burkina Faso's assassinated leader, Thomas Sankara, hailed as a revolutionary hero in many parts of the continent.
    (AFP, 11/28/17)

2017        Nov, In France Sylvie Horning (55) was detained on suspicions she murdered the five children between 1990 and 2005. In 2019 French prosecutors demanded a 20-year prison term for the woman.
    (AFP, 6/20/19)

2017        Dec 2, French President Emmanuel Macron with Nechirvan Barzani, the prime minister of Iraq's Kurdish region. Macron says France will "do everything" to help preserve Iraq's unity and the recognition of the rights of Iraq's Kurds through new negotiations.
    (AP, 12/2/17)

2017        Dec 4, Ragia Omran, a prominent Egyptian human rights lawyer, was among 15 rights defenders from around the world to receive the Franco-German Prize for Human Rights and the Rule of Law, for her work representing political prisoners and torture victims as well as advocating for women's rights.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y9acyam7)(AP, 12/7/17)

2017        Dec 6, French President Emmanuel Macron made his first official visit to Algeria, announcing that he came as a "friend" despite France's historically prickly relationship with its former colony.
    (AFP, 12/6/17)
2017        Dec 6, French rock star Johnny Hallyday (b.1943) died in Paris. His power ballads and colorful personal life made him a national treasure, loved by everyone from rebellious teens in the 1960s to modern-day presidents.
    (AP, 12/6/17)   

2017        Dec 7, Qatar's ruling emir and French Pres. Emmanuel Macron signed 12 billion euros ($14 billion) in deals during Macron's visit to Doha, including the purchase of 12 French-made Dassault Rafale fighter jets with the option of buying 36 more.
    (AP, 12/7/17)

2017        Dec 8, In Paris Lebanon's PM Saad Hariri appealed for support for his country from world powers at a summit convened by France to bolster Lebanon's institutions as it emerges from a bizarre political crisis.
    (AP, 12/7/17)
2017        Dec 8, In Germany French President Emmanuel Macron was awarded Aachen’s prestigious International Charlemagne Prize for contributions to European unity in recognition of his "vision of a new Europe."
    (AP, 12/7/17)
2017        Dec 8, Britain, France, Germany, Sweden and Italy called on the United States to put forward detailed proposals for peace between Israel and the Palestinians and described as "unhelpful" a decision by President Donald Trump to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital.
    (Reuters, 12/8/17)

2017        Dec 9, It was reported that Algerian and French fighters, some arriving from Syria, have joined the ranks of the Islamic State group in northern Afghanistan where the militants have established new bases.
    (AFP, 12/10/17)

2017        Dec 11, French Pres. Emmanuel Macron awarded 18 scientists from the US and elsewhere million of euros to relocate to France for climate research for the rest of Donald Trump’s presidential term.
    (SFC, 12/12/17, p.A3)
2017        Dec 11, French baby milk maker Lactalis and French authorities ordered a global recall of millions of products over fears of salmonella bacteria contamination. The company said it was warned by health authorities in France that 26 infants have become sick since December 1.
    (AP, 12/11/17)

2017        Dec 12, French President Emmanuel Macron told dozens of world leaders and company bosses gathered at a climate summit in Paris that "we are losing the battle" against climate change. Major banks and companies vowed to accelerate the move away from Earth-warming fossil fuels as world leaders met in Paris seeking to unlock new cash for the global economy's shift to greener energy.
    (Reuters, 12/12/17)(AFP, 12/12/17)
2017        Dec 12, It was reported that the owner of Westfield shopping centers is being bought by French property investor Unibail-Rodamco for $15.7 billion. Westfield, which started off in Sydney in the 1950s, is known for its 35 upscale shopping centers in major metropolitan areas, particularly in the US and Britain.
    (AP, 12/12/17)

2017        Dec 13, French President Emmanuel Macron hosted a summit for the leaders of the G5 Sahel (composed of the armies of Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Burkina Faso and Chad) plus Germany and Italy as well as the Saudi and Emirati ministers. Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates committed 130 million euros ($152.75 million) to tackle Islamist militants in the region.
    (Reuters, 12/13/17)
2017        Dec 13, France-based L'Oreal said it is launching its first wholly plant-based hair dye as cosmetics companies look to win over customers who are becoming increasingly wary of chemical ingredients.
    (Reuters, 12/13/17)
2017        Dec 13, Rwanda’s government released an independent report accusing French officials of complicity in Rwanda’s 1994 genocide.
    (SFC, 12/14/17, p.A2)

2017        Dec 14, In southern France a regional train sliced open a school bus, killing four children aged 12 or 13 One more student died the next day. 18 other children and the bus driver were injured in the horrific crash at a crossing close to the Spanish border.
    (AP, 12/15/17)

2017        Dec 17, French sailor Francois Gabart broken the record for sailing around the world alone, circumnavigating the planet in just 42 days and 16 hours. This was more than six days faster than last year’s record, set by fellow Frenchman Thomas Coville.
    (AP, 12/17/17)

2017        Dec 22, Two former French spies were placed under formal investigation to face charges of spying for a foreign power, compromising classified secrets and delivering information detrimental to fundamental national interests.
    (Reuters, 5/25/18)

2017        Dec 21, French dairy giant Lactalis recalled millions more products globally because of fears of salmonella contamination.
    (AP, 12/21/17)

2017        Dec 31, French authorities said heavy snow overnight stranded 4,000 travelers heading for resorts in the French Alps and killed one skier in an avalanche.
    (AFP, 12/31/17)

2018        Jan 1, French power grid company Enedis said winter storm Carmen has cut power to about 65,000 households in western France and is moving south.
    (Reuters, 1/1/18)

2018        Jan 3, Winter storm Eleanor packing winds up to 100 mph (160 kph) battered parts of western Europe, derailing trains, toppling trees, halting flights and leaving hundreds of thousands of homes across France, Switzerland, Britain and Ireland without power.
    (AP, 1/3/18)

2018        Jan 4, France's interior ministry said a second person has died in the country as a result of the violent storm battering northern Europe. Storm Eleanor swept through Europe. The body of a man was pulled from the Breda River. He was soon identified the missing firefighter who was swept away just after saving a family. The death brought to four the number of people killed in France this week as winter storms battered western Europe. At least two other people have disappeared in other eastern France regions.
    (AP, 1/4/18)(AFP, 1/4/18)(AP, 1/5/18)

2018        Jan 5, In France protests over press freedom and the deteriorating state of human rights in Turkey greeted Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan as he arrived in Paris for talks with President Emmanuel Macron.
    (AP, 1/5/18)

2018        Jan 6, In France thousands of Kurds marched in Paris to demand "truth and justice" five years after the slayings of three Kurdish activists on Jan. 9, 2013, in Paris.
    (AP, 1/6/18)

2018        Jan 9, The presidents of China and France promised closer cooperation on climate, counter-terrorism and other issues as their governments try to gain influence in a shifting global political landscape.
    (AP, 1/9/18)

2018        Jan 11, In France three thieves were arrested at the Paris Ritz Hotel following their theft of jewels. The suspects threw bags of goods to at least two accomplices outside who escaped in a car and motorcycle.
    (SFC, 1/12/18, p.A6)

2018        Jan 14, The head of French dairy company Lactalis said that a recall of baby milk products because of a salmonella scare has been extended to 83 countries.
    (AP, 1/14/18)

2018        Jan 15, French President Emmanuel Macron ordered an overhaul of the country’s overcrowded penitentiary system, as prison staff burned tires and set barricades in protests over violent working conditions.
    (AP, 1/15/18)
2018        Jan 15, French magistrates dismissed a case brought against a group of French soldiers accused of sexually abusing children while on deployment in the Central African Republic in 2013-2014.
    (Reuters, 1/15/18)

2018        Jan 16, French President Emmanuel Macron promised to stem the flow of migrants through the port of Calais, saying there would be no return to the "jungle" migrant camp, and said he understood the region's concerns about the threat from Brexit.
    (Reuters, 1/16/18)
2018        Jan 16, In northern France a person was crushed to death by a Eurostar train. Train traffic between London and Paris was halted after the apparent suicide.
    (AP, 1/16/18)

2018        Jan 17, The French government abandoned plans for a new 580 million euro ($710 million) airport in western France in favor of expanding an existing airport in Nantes, a sensitive decision that past governments had shirked for decades.
    (Reuters, 1/17/18)
2018        Jan 17, Air France-KLM canceled 228 European flights to and from Amsterdam's Schiphol airport planned for Jan. 18, as a storm is expected to disrupt traffic at the Dutch national airport.
    (Reuters, 1/17/18)

2018        Jan 18, The leaders of Britain and France met against a military backdrop British PM Theresa May offered France 44.5 million pounds ($62 million) to bolster security at French border controls.
    (AP, 1/18/18)(Reuters, 1/18/18)

2018        Jan 19, French President Emmanuel Macron said he will boost defense spending in the coming years to guarantee his country's domestic security and maintain French military engagement abroad, as he repeated his wishes for an increased European military cooperation.
    (AP, 1/19/18)
2018        Jan 19, French riot police clashed with striking prison guards who accused the government of doing little to counter spiraling violence and Islamist activism inside the country's overcrowded jails. The scuffles outside Fleury Merogis prison, one of Europe's largest with 3,800 inmates, coincided with news from Borgo prison in Corsica that two security guards were attacked and injured by inmates.
    (Reuters, 1/19/18)(AP, 1/19/18)
2018        Jan 19, In France five of six unions at Peugeot maker PSA Group agreed to 1,300 job cuts made possible by new French labor rules imposed by Pres. Emmanuel Macron.
    (AP, 1/19/18)

2018        Jan 20, In France Paul Bocuse (91), the master chef who defined French cuisine for more than half a century, died at Collonges-au-Mont-d'or.
    (AP, 1/20/18)

2018        Jan 21, France called for an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council over Syria following a Turkish incursion into northern Syria's Afrin province.
    (Reuters, 1/21/18)
2018        Jan 21, French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel pledged to agree on a new French-German treaty this year to deepen cooperation between the two countries.
    (AP, 1/21/18)

2018        Jan 22, France’s President Emmanuel Macron hosted 140 world business leaders in a bid to convince them to invest and hire in France — and to persuade the French themselves of the merits of his economic policies.
    (AP, 1/22/18)
2018        Jan 22, In France protesting guards blocked dozens of the country’s 188 prisons as the conflict triggered by attacks on guards entered its second week.
    (AP, 1/22/18)
2018        Jan 22, German and French lawmakers stressed the need for closer cooperation between the two nations as they mark the 55th anniversary of the 1963 signing of the Elysee friendship treaty.
    (AP, 1/22/18)

2018        Jan 23, The French government said it is freezing assets of companies that help furnish material to a Syrian lab accused of producing chemical weapons.
    (AP, 1/23/18)
2018        Jan 23, Police conducted raids at the French rugby federation headquarters amid an investigation into an alleged conflict of interest involving federation president Bernard Laporte.
    (AP, 1/23/18)
2018        Jan 23, France's state-controlled and influential but troubled nuclear company Areva unveiled its new name, Orano, and logo. Areva was created in 2001 to group together France's nuclear industry manufacturers under one company.
    (AP, 1/23/18)
2018        Jan 23, The Seine River overflowed its banks in Paris, prompting authorities to close several roads and cancel boat cruises.
    (AP, 1/23/18)

2018        Jan 24, In France two-thirds of the country’s 188 prisons were being disrupted by work stoppages and pickets. The protests began on Jan. 12 after an al Qaeda convict jailed over killings in Tunisia stabbed and injured two wardens with a pair of scissors in northern France.
    (AP, 1/24/18)

2018        Jan 25, French fishermen blockaded Calais, halting shipping movements at France's busiest passenger port and a major entry point to Europe for British goods, in protest at losses inflicted by the practice of electric pulse fishing.
    (AP, 1/25/18)

2018        Jan 26, French prison guards ended a nationwide strike after accepting government proposals over staffing levels and violence which they say is spiraling out of control in overcrowded jails.
    (Reuters, 1/26/18)

2018        Jan 27, In France several thousand people have rallied in Paris to support Turkey's Kurds and protest a Turkish military incursion into a Kurdish-controlled enclave in Syria.
    (AP, 1/27/18)
2018        Jan 27, In France floodwaters were nearing their peak in Paris, with the rain-swollen Seine River engulfing scenic quays and threatening wine cellars and museum basements.
    (AP, 1/27/18)

2018        Jan 28, In France more than 240 towns along the Seine and smaller rivers have suffered damage swollen by weeks of heavy rains. The Seine was expected to reach its peak in Paris over the next 24 hours.
    (AP, 1/28/18)

2018        Jan 29, In France floodwaters reached a peak in Paris and now threatened towns downstream along the rain-engorged Seine River. Water levels hit a maximum height of 5.84 meters (19 feet, 2 inches) on the Austerlitz scale early today, well below record levels of 8.62 meters in 1910, but still several meters above normal levels of about 1.5 meters on the Austerlitz scale.
    (AP, 1/29/18)

2018        Jan 30, In France workers and some residents at nursing homes protested around the country in anger over staff shortages and cost cuts, pressing President Emmanuel Macron's government to rethink care for the elderly.
    (AP, 1/30/18)

2018        Jan 31, In France Islamic scholar Tariq Ramadan (55) was arrested following claims by two women that he assaulted them in French hotel rooms in 2009 and 2012. The married father of four has denied the accusations from the two women.
    (AFP, 2/3/18)

2018        Feb 1, France's President Emmanuel Macron said he would push to double French investment in Tunisia over five years to buttress its faltering economy and transition to democracy.
    (Reuters, 2/1/18)
2018        Feb 1, In France gang rivalries erupted into a brawl that left five migrants suffering serious gunshot injuries in Calais. Eritreans and Afghans fought running battles in broad daylight, some armed with rods and metal poles.
    (Reuters, 2/2/18)

2018        Feb 2, The French government said it will send more police to Calais to crack down on migrant gangs.
    (Reuters, 2/2/18)
2018        Feb 2, Two French military training helicopters collided and crashed in a wooded area of Provence, killing five people aboard.
    (AP, 2/2/18)

2018        Feb 3, Corsica's nationalist leaders demonstrated along with unions and students ahead of a visit next week by French President Emmanuel Macron. Newly elected leaders hoped the march will spur on fresh talks with the French government about demands including equal status for the Corsican language and the release of Corsican prisoners held in mainland prisons.
    (AP, 2/3/18)
2018        Feb 3, In Senegal French President Emmanuel Macron got a rousing welcome from tens of thousands as he visited the historic city of Saint-Louis, and announced an aid package of 40 million euros for the UNESCO World Heritage site which is threatened by coastal erosion from the Atlantic Ocean.
    (AFP, 2/3/18)

2018        Feb 6, French President Emmanuel Macron traveled to Corsica to confront demands for greater autonomy for the restive Mediterranean island by nationalists buoyed by unprecedented political strength.
    (Reuters, 2/6/18)
2018        Feb 6, French authorities said they have detained more than two dozen people during a police raid at a forest camp sheltering Vietnamese migrants hoping to get to Britain.
    (AP, 2/6/18)
2018        Feb 6, It was reported that a French public hospital has suspended a Rwandan doctor who was convicted on genocide charges back home, after a protest by a Rwandan government commission. Rwanda found Dr. Charles Twagira guilty in absentia in 2009 of crimes related to the 1994 genocide and sentenced him to life.
    (AP, 2/6/18)

2018        Feb 7, France said the Syrian government likely used chlorine gas in its latest attacks on rebel-held areas.   
    (SFC, 2/8/18, p.A2)

2018        Feb 8, The French defense minister presented a bill foreseeing 295 billion euros ($364 billion) in overall defense spending from 2019 to 2025. That includes 1.7 billion euros in additional spending each year through 2022, particularly to modernize equipment and improve intelligence.
    (AP, 2/8/18)
2018        Feb 8, French custom’s officers seized nearly 500 weapons, more than 100 kg (220 pounds) of ammunition and myriad grenades in the northern region of Picardy. Officials found "an arsenal of long guns" in a car nearby including "weapons of war" and machine guns that were arranged on racks.
    (AP, 2/14/18)

2018        Feb 11, A French appeal court sentenced Cecile Bourgeon (30) and her ex-partner Berkane Makhlouf (36) to 20 years for the brutal murder of her five-year-old daughter whose disappearance in 2013 shocked the country.
    (AFP, 2/11/18)
2018        Feb 11, France's PM Edouard Philippe promised lower taxes and a business-friendly France at a global summit in Dubai, seeking investment from the oil-rich Gulf region.
    (AFP, 2/11/18)

2018        Feb 14, In France advisers for Pres. Emmanuel Macron announced that journalists will be moved to a new site out of the presidential Elysee Palace with less access to presidential activity. Macron's office has increasingly used Facebook and YouTube to spread his message instead of publicly answering media questions.
    (AP, 2/14/18)

2018        Feb 15, In the French Pyrenees the bodies of the three men were found, a day after an avalanche struck on an off-piste sector at the Cauterets ski resort, close to the Spanish border.
    (AP, 2/15/18)

2018        Feb 16, French sources said Pres. Emmanuel Macron has placed an army general who led UN operations in Mali in charge of rolling out mandatory national service, a sign of the French president's desire to stamp the military's mark on the exercise.
    (Reuters, 2/16/18)
2018        Feb 16, French customs officers found an impressionist painting by Edgar Degas stowed on a bus, more than eight years after it was reported stolen. Degas' "Les Choristes" ("The Chorus Singers"), which depicts a scene from the opera "Don Juan," was taken from a Marseille museum in 2009 while on loan from Paris' Musee d'Orsay.
    (AP, 2/23/18)
2018        Feb 16, At the Munich Security Conference the defense ministers of Germany and France pledged to redouble their military and foreign policy cooperation efforts, inviting other European countries to participate if they felt ready to do so.
    (Reuters, 2/16/18)

2018        Feb 21, In Mali two French soldiers died when their armored vehicle was hit by an improvised explosive device. France has a 4,000-strong counterterrorism force in Mali, part of Operation Barkhane, to fight extremist groups in the Sahel region.
    (AP, 2/21/18)

2018        Feb 23, France's PM Edouard Philippe announced steps including prison isolation zones and more stringent licensing rules for faith-based schools to combat what he called a slow-burning threat from Islamist radicalization. Philippe unveiled a vast new program to counter radicalization, as jihadis return from the battlefields of Syria and Iraq and the watch list of people showing risk signs grows.
    (Reuters, 2/23/18)(AP, 2/23/18)

2018        Feb 28, A French prosecutor said a man suspected of sexually assaulting dozens of women over more than 20 years has been arrested in northern France. The suspect admitted to raping or sexually assaulting about 40 women.
    (AP, 2/28/18)

2018        Mar 1, Heavy snowfall and deadly blizzards lashed Europe. Exceptional snow and wind forced airports to close in Scotland, Switzerland and France and stranded several hundred drivers in their cars.
    (AFP, 3/1/18)

2018        Mar 2, In France four skiers were killed, one injured and another left missing after an avalanche in a remote area of the Mercantour national park in the southern Alps.
    (AP, 3/2/18)

2018        Mar 5, French Interior Minister Gerard Collomb said the government is introducing a 90-euro fine ($110) for street harassment and sexist comments.
    (AP, 3/5/18)
2018        Mar 5, Journalists flooded Iran's National Museum for the arrival of more than 50 artworks from the Louvre, the first major show by a Western museum in the country’s history.
    (AFP, 3/5/18)

2018        Mar 6, Leading French advertisers and the country's broadcast watchdog launched a nationwide plan to fight sexist stereotypes in ads - from half-naked women selling vacuum cleaners to violent video games marketed to boys.
    (AP, 3/6/18)

2018        Mar 7, The EU’s top court said Jean-Marie Le Pen, founder of France’s far-right National Front, and a party official must repay nearly 600,000 euros ($744,550) to the European Parliament for wages wrongly paid to alleged parliamentary assistants.
    (AP, 3/7/18)
2018        Mar 7, European police said they have smashed an international weapons-smuggling ring operating in at least four countries. Police said the group traded firearms in Austria, Germany, Switzerland and France.
    (AP, 3/7/18)

2018        Mar 10, Indian PM Narendra Modi met with French President Emmanuel Macron in New Delhi. They pledged to work together to ensure freedom of navigation in the Indian Ocean and signed an agreement to expedite construction of a major nuclear power plant in India by a French company. Modi highlighted a solar alliance and cooperation between the two countries in defense, security, technology, space and counterterrorism.
    (AP, 3/10/18)

2018        Mar 11, In India French President Emmanuel Macron said his country will commit 700 million euros to the International Solar Alliance (ISA) at the founding conference of the organization, reiterating the European country's commitment to the alliance and clean energy. The treaty-based organization, launched by India's PM Narendra Modi in 2015, aims to promote solar energy in 121 countries.
    (Reuters, 3/11/18)

2018        Mar 12, French couturier Hubert de Givenchy (91), a pioneer of ready-to-wear who designed Audrey Hepburn's little black dress in "Breakfast at Tiffany's," died.
    (AP, 3/12/18)

2018        Mar 15, French pensioners and retirement home workers staged protests across the country, kicking off a series of strikes against Pres. Emmanuel Macron's reforms.
    (AFP, 3/15/18)
2018        Mar 15, The leaders of the United States, France and Germany joined Britain in blaming Russia for poisoning a former spy with a powerful nerve agent.
    (AP, 3/15/18)

2018        Mar 18, Abu Dhabi state energy company ADNOC said it had awarded French oil giant Total stakes in two offshore oil concessions. Abu Dhabi National Oil Co. said it has signed a deal worth $1.45 billion with French oil giant Total SA granting it stakes in offshore fields.
    (AFP, 3/18/18)(AP, 3/18/18)

2018        Mar 19, Israel's domestic security agency said Romain Franck (23), a French employee of France's Consulate in Jerusalem, is under arrest for allegedly smuggling dozens of weapons from the Gaza Strip to the West Bank. Shin Bet said nine people, including Franck, have been arrested.
    (AP, 3/19/18)

2018        Mar 20, French ex-president Nicolas Sarkozy (63) was detained for questioning over allegations the late Libyan dictator Moamer Kadhafi financed his 2007 election campaign, including with suitcases stuffed with cash.
    (AFP, 3/20/18)

2018        Mar 21, France announced a series of measures against sexual violence, including on-the-spot fines for sexual harassment on the street and extended deadlines for filing rape complaints.
    (Reuters, 3/21/18)

2018        Mar 22, In France tens of thousands of nurses, teachers and other public sector workers joined forces to march against President Emmanuel Macron's reforms, causing widespread travel disruption and bringing brief clashes with police in some cities.
    (Reuters, 3/22/18)
2018        Mar 22, The Trump administration imposed sanctions on Joe Asperman, a French chemical weapons expert, accused of making and using such munitions for the Islamic State group in Syria.
    (AP, 3/22/18)

2018        Mar 23, In southern France Redouane Lakdim (26) opened fire on police officers and took hostages in a supermarket before being shot dead by police in Trebes. Two people were killed during a hostage-taking. Lakdim was known for petty crimes and possession of drugs. Lt-Col. Arnaud Beltrame (45) was fatally shot after offering himself as a hostage to help end the Islamist attack. He died the next day becoming the fourth victim of the shooting spree and supermarket siege. In October three people were charged with criminal association related to the attack.
    (AP, 3/23/18)(Reuters, 3/23/18)(AFP, 3/24/18)(SSFC, 10/21/18, p.A4)
2018        Mar 23, In France Mireille Knoll (85) was killed in her apartment, which was then set on fire. Knoll was stabbed 11 times. Two men were soon jailed in the case and faced preliminary charges of robbery, damaging property, and murder with anti-Semitic motives.
    (AP, 3/27/18)

2018        Mar 27, France's top appeals court upheld a 30,000-euro fine against former far-right leader Jean-Marie Le Pen for dismissing the Nazi gas chambers as a "detail" of history.
    (AFP, 3/27/18)

2018        Mar 30, In southern France a gunman shot and gravely wounded exiled Azeri journalist Rahim Namazov and killed his wife near Toulouse. Namazov was an outspoken critic of the Azeri political leadership and served time in prison before seeking exile in France in 2010.
    (Reuters, 3/30/18)
2018        Mar 30, Air France staff went on strike for the third time in a month, forcing the airline to cancel a quarter of flights. Lawyers were also set to strike nationwide against reforms that they say will over-centralize France's court system.
    (AFP, 3/30/18)

2018        Mar 30, Russia ordered new cuts to the number of British envoys in the country, escalating a dispute with the West over the poisoning of an ex-spy in Britain. Scores of foreign ambassadors streamed into the Russian Foreign Ministry in Moscow to receive the notices given to 23 nations: Albania, Australia, Canada, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden and Ukraine.
    (AP, 3/30/18)

2018        Mar 31, Workers at France's Carrefour supermarkets began striking to protest planned job cuts. The strike caused disruptions at about 300 Carrefour markets across the country.
    (AP, 3/31/18)

2018        Apr 2, French emergency doctor and mountain guide Emmanuel Cauchy (58), whose high-altitude work earned him the nickname "Doctor Vertical," was killed in an avalanche in the Alps. He was among a group of off-piste skiers caught up in the avalanche in the Aiguilles Rouges area around the resort of Chamonix.
    (AFP, 4/2/18)

2018        Apr 3, French rail workers launched the first in a series of nationwide strikes, threatening disruption over several months in the sternest challenge yet to President Emmanuel Macron's resolve to modernize Europe's second biggest economy.
    (Reuters, 4/3/18)

2018        Apr 4, It was reported that France has flagged more than 78,000 people as security threats in a database intended to let European police share information on the continent's most dangerous residents - more than all other European countries put together.
    (AP, 4/4/18)
2018        Apr 4, In France millions of commuters suffered a second consecutive day of travel chaos as striking rail workers locked horns with President Emmanuel Macron's government in a dispute over reforming the state-owned SNCF railways.
    (Reuters, 4/4/18)

2018        Apr 5, In France PM Edouard Philippe said the government would not back down in a shake-up of the state-owned SNCF railways, prompting accusations of arrogance from unions who said further strikes would go ahead as planned.
    (Reuters, 4/5/18)
2018        Apr 5, French President Emmanuel Macron unveiled a long-awaited, 300 million-euro autism plan for a country that is shockingly behind the curve on providing basic education and care for people on the autism spectrum.
    (AP, 4/5/18)

2018        Apr 6, In France international donors pledged billions of dollars in aid and loans for Lebanon at a conference in Paris, hoping to stave off an economic crisis in a country hard hit by the fallout from the Syrian war. Saudi Arabia said it will grant the country a $1-billion (800 million-euro) development loan.
    (AFP, 4/6/18)

2018        Apr 7, Air France cancelled hundreds of its flights as pilots, cabin crew and ground staff pursued a fifth day of strikes aimed at securing higher pay.
    (AFP, 4/7/18)

2018        Apr 8, In France travelers grappled with another crippling wave of transport strikes, as train workers protested President Emmanuel Macron's economic reforms and a stand-off between the government and rail unions hardened.
    (Reuters, 4/8/18)
2018        Apr 8, Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman arrived in Paris at the start of a European tour after three weeks in the United States, where he pitched for investments and support against arch-rival Iran.
    (Reuters, 4/8/18)

2018        Apr 9, France's rail operator said that the rolling strikes against plans to overhaul the debt-laden company had already cost it around 100 million euros ($123 million) as the standoff between unions and the government dragged on.
    (AFP, 4/9/18)

2018        Apr 10, In western France activists clashed with riot police for the second consecutive day as authorities continued evacuating a protest camp in Notre-Dame-des-Landes erected nearly a decade ago to block construction of an airport.
    (AP, 4/10/18)
2018        Apr 10, In France air traffic was severely disrupted as the country's biggest airline Air France was forced to cancel one in four flights, in the sixth round of strikes launched by its employees since February.
    (AFP, 4/10/18)
2018        Apr 10, Saudi national company Aramco and French oil giant Total announced that they have signed an agreement to build a $9 billion petrochemical complex in Jubail, Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 4/10/18)

2018        Apr 11, Striking Air France pilots and cabin staff insisted they weren't backing down, as their latest walkout forced the cancellation of some 30 percent of the airline's flights worldwide.
    (AP, 4/11/18)

2018        Apr 12, French President Emmanuel Macron vowed that he would not back down on his plans to overhaul the state rail operator, urging workers to call off three months of strikes and pursue the reforms "together".
    (AP, 4/12/18)
2018        Apr 12, President Emmanuel Macron said France has proof the Syrian government carried out a chemical weapons attack last week and will decide whether to strike back when all the necessary information has been gathered.
    (Reuters, 4/12/18)
2018        Apr 12, In France Palestinian, Israeli, Jordanian, US and EU delegations along with representatives of UNESCO leadership negotiated a compromise resolution on "Occupied Palestine". Diplomats agreed to move the most controversial language to a non-binding annex and avoided a contentious vote.
    (AP, 4/13/18)

2018        Apr 13, French riot police clashed with protesters for a fifth day as their operation to clear squatters from an abandoned airport site evolved into a violent standoff that looked like it could go on for some time.
    (Reuters, 4/13/18)

2018        Apr 14, A declassified French intelligence report concluded that after analyzing "reliable intelligence" and open sources that a chemical attack on Douma on April 7 was carried out by Syrian government forces.
    (Reuters, 4/14/18)
2018        Apr 14, US, British and French forces pounded Syria early today with more than 100 missiles in response to a poison gas attack that killed dozens of people last week. 105 precision-guided missile strikes were aimed at three Syrian chemical weapons targets. The Barza Research and Development Center in the greater Damascus area took the brunt of the fire, with 57 Tomahawk cruise missiles and 19 Joint Air to Surface Stand-off missiles. Four Royal Air Force Tornado jets from the Akrotiri base in Cyprus fired Storm Shadow missiles at a military facility near Homs. The French military fired 12 missiles during its air strikes.
    (Reuters, 4/14/18)

2018        Apr 17, In France Justin Trudeau has become the first Canadian prime minister in history to address the French parliament, wrapping up his trip to Paris before he heads to London to meet British PM Theresa May and Queen Elizabeth II.
    (AP, 4/17/18)

2018        Apr 18, Striking French rail staff halted train services for the seventh day this month in protest over a major shake-up of the state-owned railway company, but President Emmanuel Macron said he would not be cowed into retreat.
    (Reuters, 4/18/18)

2018        Apr 19, In France thousands of people marched across the country to protest President Emmanuel Macron's labor law changes, as rail strikes and student protests continued to shake the country.
    (AP, 4/19/18)

2018        Apr 20, France deported Algeria-born El Hadi Doudi (63), an influential Islamic preacher, back to Algeria. His mosque in the southern city of Marseille was shut down last year over accusations of hate speech.
    (AFP, 4/20/18)
2018        Apr 20, French police removed students from a Paris university building that had been occupied for a month to protest admission changes that also caused turmoil at other campuses.
    (AP, 4/20/18)

2018        Apr 22, France's National Assembly adopted a controversial immigration bill that speeds up the asylum process and accelerates deportations after a fierce debate that exposed divisions in President Emmanuel Macron's party.
    (AFP, 4/23/18)

2018        Apr 23, French President Emmanuel Macron arrived in Washington for a state visit likely to be dominated by differences over trade and the nuclear accord with Iran.
    (Reuters, 4/23/18)
2018        Apr 23, A Belgian court sentenced the sole surviving suspect in the Paris attacks, Salah Abdeslam (28), to 20 years in prison on terror charges over a bloody gun battle with police in Brussels days before his capture in 2016.
    (AFP, 4/23/18)
2018        Apr 23, The Goldman Environmental Prize was awarded to seven recipients at the San Francisco War Memorial Opera House. The honors went to: LeeAnne Walter for exposing the 2015 water crisis in Flint, Mich.; Manny Calonzo of the Philippines for helping to persuade the government to ban lead paint; Makoma Lekalakala and Liz McDaid of South Africa for exposing a secret government deal with Russia that would have increased their country's nuclear power production; Francia Marquez of Colombia whose work helped end water pollution form illegal gold mining in her hometown; Claire Nouvian of France for her public awareness campaign against a supermarket chain that relied on deep-sea bottom trawling for catching fish; and Khanh Nguy Thi of Vietnam for her work to stop the expansion of coal-fired power plants and helping her country chart a plan for sustainable energy independence.
    (SFC, 4/23/18, p.C3)

2018        Apr 24, In France billionaire tycoon Vincent Bollore (66) was detained as part of a corruption investigation into activities of his Bollore Group about how the group obtained contracts to run Lome port in Togo and Conakry port in Guinea. The group's director general, Gilles Alix, and a senior executive from its communications subsidiary Havas, Jean-Philippe Dorent, were also taken into custody.
    (AFP, 4/24/18)
2018        Apr 24, US President Donald Trump treated French President Emmanuel Macron to a colorful welcome ceremony at the White House during a state visit that threatened to expose differences on Iran, trade and Syria between two close allies.
    (AP, 4/24/18)

2018        Apr 25, In Washington, DC, French President Emmanuel Macron drew on the "shared bond" of US-French relations to call for a rejection of isolationism and instead for the countries to bond together anew for a 21st century security.
    (AP, 4/25/18)
2018        Apr 25,  Abbas Attar (b.1944), Iranian-born photographer, died in Paris. His book "Iran Diary 1971-2002" was published in 2002. 
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbas_(photographer))(SFC, 5/2/18, p.D7)

2018        Apr 26, In France ministers from more than 70 countries discussed ways to combat financing for the Islamic State group and Al-Qaida at an international conference in Paris.
    (AP, 4/26/18)
2018        Apr 26, German and French officials signed four documents in Berlin that they said underscored their determination to work together to jointly develop new weapons systems, including a maritime airborne warfare aircraft and a new fighter jet.
    (Reuters, 4/26/18)

2018        Apr 27, A two-day operation led by Belgian prosecutors seized servers and data from Islamic State propaganda outlets in a multi-country effort aimed at tracking down radicals and crimping the group's ability to spread its violent message. The operation involved authorities in the US, Canada, Britain, France, the Netherlands, Bulgaria and Romania.
    (AP, 4/27/18)

2018        Apr 30, France-based Interpol said a police operation across the Caribbean and South America has freed nearly 350 people from human trafficking networks and led to the arrests of 22 people.
    (AP, 4/30/18)

2018        May 1, French Pres. Emmanuel Macron arrived in Australia on a rare visit, with the two sides expected to agree on greater cooperation in the Pacific to counter a rising China.
    (AFP, 5/1/18)
2018        May 1, In France hundreds of demonstrators marched across Paris as part of May Day protests taking place in French cities to oppose economic policies pursued by President Emmanuel Macron. Some 109 people were taken into custody in Paris suspected of offenses including carrying prohibited weapons and firing projectiles after May Day protests.
    (AP, 5/1/18)(AP, 5/2/18)

2018        May 4, Online donations to help French rail workers topped one million euros, a month after they began rolling strikes over President Emmanuel Macron's drive to transform the heavily indebted state rail monopoly into a profit-making company.
    (Reuters, 5/4/18)

2018        May 5, French President Emmanuel Macron acknowledged the "pain of colonization" during a visit to New Caledonia, as the South Pacific archipelago prepared to vote on whether to break free of French rule.
    (AP, 5/5/18)
2018        May 5, In France the Palais du Tokyo museum opened its doors to nudists for a special visit. It was part of growing efforts by France's tiny nudist community to encourage acceptance of clothes-free activities, after a nudist restaurant and nudist park opened in Paris.
    (AP, 5/6/18)

2018        May 7, France's PM Edouard Philippe said that his government was open to absorbing "a substantial part" of the state-owned SNCF railway company and would discuss the issue further with unions.
    (Reuters, 5/7/18)
2018        May 7, Air France's share price dived after its CEO quit and the French government warned that the country's flagship carrier might collapse. A new strike over wage demands, meanwhile, prompted the cancellation of about 15 percent of Air France flights worldwide as the airline enters its 14th day of walkouts this year.
    (AP, 5/7/18)

2018        May 8, In France the 71st Cannes Film Festival opened with the premiere of Asghar Farhadi's "Everybody Knows".
    (AP, 5/8/18)

2018        May 9, The Indian Ocean state of Comoros hit back against France for suspending visas for its citizens, a further escalation in a diplomatic row linked to immigration and territorial disputes. The French embassy in Moroni, the capital of Comoros, decided on May 4 to suspend issuing visas to all Comorian nationals. It had earlier suspended visas for officials and services, after the Comorian government refused to receive, in its three islands, Comorians deported from Mayotte. In March 2009, Mayotte's people voted overwhelmingly to become a full-fledged part of France.
    (Reuters, 5/9/18)

2018        May 11, French police fired tear gas on students blocking an exam site south of Paris, amid ongoing protests over changes to France's public university system.
    (AP, 5/11/18)

2018        May 12, In France 82 female film industry professionals protested on the steps of the Palais des Festivals to represent, what they describe as pervasive gender inequality in the film industry, at the 71st international film festival, Cannes.
    (AP, 5/13/18)
2018        May 12, A Frenchman (21) born in Russia's Chechnya region killed one man in a knife attack in Paris. He fatally knifed a 29-year-old man and wounded four others, among them a Chinese and a Luxembourg citizen, before police shot him dead. The government later said Khamzat Azimov had been flagged previously as a potential security risk.
    (AP, 5/13/18)(SFC, 5/15/18, p.A2)

2018        May 14, In France hundreds of students saw their end-of-term exams suspended as protesters blocked access to two universities, the latest in months of demonstrations against the government's plans to introduce more selective admission requirements.
    (AFP, 5/14/18)
2018        May 14, In France the leaders of the Cannes Film Festival signed a gender equality pledge promising to make their selection process more transparent and to push their executive boards toward gender parity.
    (AP, 5/14/18)

2018        May 15, A French appeals court upheld a tax fraud conviction against former budget minister Jerome Cahuzac, whose hidden overseas accounts became one of the most embarrassing episodes of Francois Hollande's Socialist presidency.
    (AFP, 5/15/18)
2018        May 15, A source close to the French government said the United States will re-establish sanctions against Iran progressively, kicking off with the automobile and civil aviation sectors. August 6 will see the re-introduction of auto and civil aviation sanctions. Sanctions in the energy sector, covering oil, gas and petro-chemicals, will follow on November 4.
    (AFP, 5/15/18)

2018        May 16, French oil and gas giant Total said it has decided to cancel a multi-billion-dollar project in Iran unless it is granted a waiver by US authorities.
    (AP, 5/17/18)

2018        May 17, France's Digital Minister Mounir Mahjoubi came out as gay, in a rare move for a French public figure that he said would help give gay people more visibility at a time when homophobic acts are on the rise.
    (Reuters, 5/18/18)
2018        May 17, A Lebanese film about a 12-year-old boy who sues his parents put child poverty in the spotlight at the Cannes Film Festival.
    (AP, 5/18/18)

2018        May 18, The French Finance Ministry and Foreign Ministry announced a freeze on assets of three individuals and nine companies involved in research or purchasing for the Syrian Scientific Research Center.
    (AP, 5/18/18)
2018        May 18, In southern France a man (32) was murdered this evening in a notorious area of Pau by a group of youths. The victim, who had a history of violent crime and drug dealing, was repeatedly kicked and punched by a group of up to 12 teenagers. Three teenagers were soon arrested.
    (AFP, 5/21/18)
2018        May 18, In eastern France  a man who regularly plays the lottery with the same numbers at the same place won the My Million lottery for a 2nd time in the last 18 months. Each win gave him $1.18 million.
    (SFC, 6/8/18, p.A2)

2018        May 19, In France "Shoplifters," a heart wrenching family tale by Japanese veteran director Hirokazu Kore-eda, won the Palme d'Or top prize at the 71st Cannes film festival.
    (AFP, 5/19/18)
2018        May 19, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) captured Adrien Lionel Kiyali ( aka Adrien Guihal) in the Raqqa region that was recaptured in 2017 from IS control. The French Islamic State group fighter was linked to terror attacks in Paris and Nice in 2015 and 2016.
    (AP, 5/24/18)

2018        May 22, French public-sector employees joined rail workers in striking to protest reforms planned by President Emmanuel Macron, calling them an "attack" against civil services and their economic security.
    (AFP, 5/22/18)

2018        May 25, French union officials said the government has agreed to absorb 35 billion euros in debt from the state railway SNCF, raising the chances of an end to nearly two months of strikes.
    (AFP, 5/25/18)

2018        May 26, France's main far left party, the hardline CGT trade union and some 80 other organizations, led several thousand people in street protests across the county against President Emmanuel Macron's reforms of the public sector.
    (Reuters, 5/26/18)
2018        May 26, French officials said two more violent deaths occurred overnight in the southern city of Marseille, known for its turf wars for control of the drug trade.
    (AFP, 5/26/18)
2018        May 26, In southwestern France violent hailstorms ravaged parts of the Bordeaux wine region causing major damage in hundreds of vineyards with thousands of hectares of vines destroyed.
    (Reuters, 5/28/18)

2018        May 27, In France Mamoudou Gassama (22) climbed up four floor balconies to rescue a four-year-old clinging to a railing and glancing at the ground below, while horrified onlookers watched. A video of the action went viral.
    (AP, 5/28/18)

2018        May 28, President Emmanuel Macron said France will give residence papers to Mamoudou Gassama, an illegal immigrant from Mali, who scaled the facade of a Paris apartment block to save a boy who was about to fall from a fourth-floor balcony.
    (Reuters, 5/28/18)
2018        May 28, Serge Dessault (93), French business executive, died in Paris. He was known for the development of the French Mirage jet fighter and equipping the French Air Forces and other militaries through global sales. His father, Marcel Dassault, founded the aviation company at the core of the Dassault Group.
    (SFC, 5/29/18, p.C3)

2018        May 29, French President Emmanuel Macron brought together four leaders in Paris representing most, but notably not all, of Libya's rival factions. The four leaders agreed to hold parliamentary and presidential elections on December 10 and vowed to respect the results. The International Crisis Group drew on the absence of a delegation from the city of Misrata, home to the most powerful armed groups in western Libya.
    (AFP, 5/30/18)

2018        May 30, French security forces cleared more than 1,000 people from a sprawling migrant camp in Paris, the latest in a series of episodes that have thrust the issue of illegal immigration back into the spotlight.
    (AFP, 5/30/18)
2018        May 30, Iran's oil minister gave French energy giant Total 60 days to win a sanctions waiver from Washington or it would lose its stake in a multi-billion-dollar gas project.
    (AFP, 5/30/18)

2018        Jun 4, Prosecutors said France's second-biggest bank Societe Generale has agreed to pay 500 million euros ($583 million) to settle inquiries in the US and France into its dealings with the regime of slain Libyan dictator Moamer Kadhafi.
    (AFP, 6/4/18)
2018        Jun 4, French authorities evicted 973 migrants from a camp along the scenic Canal Saint-Martin and another, just a few days after clearing a similar number -- mainly Sudanese, Somalians and Eritreans -- from the sprawling Millenaire camp further up the canal.
    (AP, 6/7/18)

2018        Jun 5, French President Emmanuel Macron met with Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu on the second leg of his European trip amid deep differences over how to contain Iran's ambitions in the Middle East.
    (AFP, 6/5/18)

2018        Jun 6, The French presidency announced plans to sell its own branded mugs, pens and other souvenirs to help finance renovations in the 18th century Elysee palace.
    (AP, 6/6/18)
2018        Jun 6, The International Court of Justice (ICJ) said it can rule in a dispute over whether a luxury building in Paris owned by the son of Equatorial Guinea's president is part of the African nation's diplomatic mission.
    (Reuters, 6/6/18)

2018        Jun 7, In France David Douglas Duncan (102), an American photographer who helped change the role of war photography by exposing the anguish of soldiers in Korea and Vietnam, died from complications from a lung infection.
    (AP, 6/8/18)

2018        Jun 8, In France Anthony Bourdain, the celebrity chef and citizen of the world who inspired millions to share his delight in food and the bonds it created, was found dead in his hotel room in Haut-Rhin while working on his CNN series on culinary traditions. Bourdain's breakthrough as an author came with the 2000 publication of his "Kitchen Confidential: Adventures in the Culinary Underbelly".
    (AP, 6/8/18)

2018        Jun 9, Saudi and French officials said a Frenchman has committed suicide by throwing himself off the roof of the Grand Mosque in Islam's holiest city of Mecca.
    (AFP, 6/9/18)

2018        Jun 10, Germany and France sharply criticized US President Donald Trump's decision to abruptly withdraw his support for a Group of Seven communique, accusing him of destroying trust and acting inconsistently.
    (Reuters, 6/10/18)

2018        Jun 12, In France an 18th-century Chinese vase forgotten for decades in a shoe box in a French attic sold for 16.2 million euros ($19 million) at Sotheby's in Paris. In 1765 a similar pair were made for the Buddha pavilions in the Emperor Qianlong's private apartments. Four year later, two more were ordered as a present for his birthday. They all came from the imperial workshops in Jingdezhen, the southern Chinese city known as the "Porcelain Capital".
    (AFP, 6/12/18)
2018        Jun 12, The European Union's top court defended French fashion designer Christian Louboutin's claim to trademark red soled high-heel shoes.
    (AP, 6/12/18)

2018        Jun 13, France's biggest agriculture union told its farmers to suspend a blockade of refineries and fuel depots that had entered its third day over palm oil imports and unfair competition.
    (Reuters, 6/13/18)

2018        Jun 14, In France thousands of retirees protested across the country over a tax hike on their pensions. The tax hike has been in effect since January and has impacted some eight million retirees.
    (AP, 6/14/18)

2018        Jun 15, French President Emmanuel Macron met Italy's new Premier Giuseppe Conte in Paris to try to patch up relations after sparks flew between the two countries over Rome's rejection of a migrant rescue ship. Both leaders agreed to pursue changes to EU migration rules.
    (AFP, 6/15/18)(SFC, 6/16/18, p.A4)

2018        Jun 16, French newspaper Le Figaro reported that French special forces are present on the ground in Yemen with forces from the United Arab Emirates.
    (Reuters, 6/16/18)
2018        Jun 16, Spain said it had accepted an offer from France to take in migrants from the Aquarius rescue ship, currently en route to Spain with more than 600 people on board.
    (AFP, 6/16/18)

2018        Jun 18, In France eight people were taken into custody following a raid in the notorious Castellane housing estate in Marseille, the nexus of the city's drug trade.
    (AP, 6/22/18)

2018        Jun 19, French President Emmanuel Macron and Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel said they have agreed to set up a common budget for the eurozone.
    (AFP, 6/19/18)
2018        Jun 19, The French Palace of Versailles, a top tourist attractions, and the Orsay museum in Paris were closed to visitors due to a strike of employees.
    (AP, 6/19/18)
2018        Jun 19, A top European Union court ruled that French far-right leader Marine le Pen must return 300,000 euros ($346,000) to the European Parliament for funds incorrectly paid to an assistant.
    (AP, 6/19/18)

2018        Jun 20, The French government approved six long-delayed offshore wind projects but sharply cut their subsidies.
    (Reuters, 6/20/18)

2018        Jun 25, France launched a military force with other countries outside the framework of the EU at a ceremony in Luxembourg at which Germany, Belgium, Britain, Denmark, Estonia, the Netherlands, Spain and Portugal signed a letter of intent.
    (Reuters, 6/25/18)
2018        Jun 25, China said it would buy more planes and agricultural products from France and work on market access issues, shoring up its trade ties with Europe as danger mounted of a tariff war with the United States. China also signed an agreement to import beef from France as Premier Li Keqiang met with French PM Edouard Philippe.
    (Reuters, 6/25/18)

2018        Jun 26, GE and French utility EDF said they have agreed to team to build six reactors for a nuclear power project in western India, which is due to be the world's biggest when finished.
    (Reuters, 6/26/18)
2018        Jun 26, At the Vatican French President Emmanuel Macron, accused at home of straining secular foundations by seeking to mend ties with the Catholic Church, discussed Europe, migration and poverty in an unusually long meeting with Pope Francis.
    (Reuters, 6/26/18)

2018        Jun 28, French cement giant Lafarge was charged with complicity in crimes against humanity and financing terrorists for paying millions to jihadists, including the Islamic State group, to keep a factory open in war-torn Syria.
    (AFP, 6/28/18)

2018        Jul 1, Notorious French criminal Redoine Faid (46), serving 25 years for murder, used a helicopter to escape from a prison south of Paris, igniting a huge manhunt.
    (AP, 7/1/18)
2018        Jul 1, In northern Mali a car bomb attack on a military patrol killed two civilians and wounded up to eight French soldiers in Gao.
    (Reuters, 7/1/18)
2018        Jul 1, Mauritania hosted a 2-day AU summit in Nouakchott. It was attended by more than 40 African heads of state and government as well as French Pres. Emmanuel Macron. Thirty African leaders began a closed-door meeting to discuss ways to fight extremism and corruption at the 31st African Union summit.
    (AFP, 7/1/18)(AP, 7/1/18)

2018        Jun 30, Belgium police intercepted two suspects with 500 grams of TATP, a home-made explosive produced of easily available chemicals, as well as a detonation device found in their car. They were suspected of plotting a bomb attack on a meeting of the Paris-based National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI), which took place in Villepinte, just outside of Paris, a three-hour drive from Brussels.
    (Reuters, 7/2/18)

2018        Jul 3, In France riots erupted in the western city of Nantes after news spread that a police officer had shot dead a 22-year-old man after stopping his car. Police said the young man's car had been under surveillance as part of a drug-trafficking investigation.
    (AFP, 7/4/18)
2018        Jul 3, In France Greenpeace crashed a Superman-shaped drone into a wall of the spent-fuel pool building at EDF's Bugey nuclear plant to demonstrate its vulnerability to outside attacks.
    (Reuters, 7/3/18)
2018        Jul 3, In France Wang Jian (57), the co-chairman of HNA Group, a conglomerate that operates China's fourth-largest airline and finance, logistics and other businesses around the world, died in an accident while on a business trip. Wang fell a dozen or so meters (yards) while taking photos on a high wall in Bonnieux.
    (AP, 7/4/18)

2018        Jul 4, In Nigeria French President Emmanuel Macron called for Africa and Europe to reach a "win-win" solution to migration during an address to 300 young entrepreneurs on the second day of his visit to Lagos.
    (AP, 7/4/18)
2018        Jul 4, Greek authorities agreed to extradite to France Lasha Shushanashvili (57), the Georgian suspected head of an international crime ring specializing in robberies and burglaries.
    (AP, 7/4/18)

2018        Jul 5, French film director Claude Lanzmann (b.1925) died in Paris. His 9½ -hour masterpiece "Shoah" (1985) bore unflinching witness to the Holocaust.
    (SFC, 7/6/18, p.A5)

2018        Jul 6, Meeting in Vienna top diplomats from Germany, Britain, France, Russia and China reaffirmed their commitment to the 2015 deal with Iran, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
    (AP, 7/6/18)

2018        Jul 7, France's CMA CGM, one of the world's biggest cargo shippers, announced it was pulling out of Iran for fear of becoming entangled in US sanctions. Pres. Hassan Rouhani demanded that European countries to do more to offset the US measures.
    (Reuters, 7/7/18)

2018        Jul 8, A French judicial source said judges have decided to block 2 million euros of state subsidies due to be handed out to Marine Le Pen's far-right party, leading Le Pen to say her party was "threatened with death".
    (Reuters, 7/8/18)

2018        Jul 10, French firefighters found five people dead, including a toddler, after a suspected domestic dispute in an apartment in the southwestern city of Pau.
    (AFP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, In France Airbus unveiled its new A220 aircraft, a rebranded Bombardier C Series plane that the company picked up in a deal last year.
    (AP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, In the World Cup semifinals in St. Petersburg French defender Samuel Umtiti's second-half headed goal led France to a 1-0 victory over Belgium.
    (AP, 7/11/18)

2018        Jul 13, France said the United States rejected a request for waivers for its companies operating in Iran that Paris sought after President Donald Trump imposed sanctions on the Islamic Republic.
    (Reuters, 7/13/18)
2018        Jul 13, A Greek court agreed to extradite to France a Russian cybercrime suspect who also is wanted on criminal charges in the United States and Russia. Alexander Vinnik (38), a former bitcoin operator, was arrested in Greece last year on a US-issued international warrant.
    (AP, 7/13/18)

2018        Jul 14, France celebrated Bastille Day with a colorful military parade in Paris presided by President Emmanuel Macron, and hoped the party would continue the next day when the national soccer team meets Croatia in the World Cup final in Russia.
    (Reuters, 7/14/18)

2018        Jul 15, In Russia Croatia lost France 4-2 to in the World cup final.
    (AP, 7/16/18)

2018        Jul 16, France expelled Djamel Beghal, an Algerian-born man twice convicted in France on terror charges, to stand trial in his homeland. He has been a high-profile figure for years in the underground world of terrorism.
    (AP, 7/17/18)
2018        Jul 16, The French Embassy said a decision to close the Business France office in Moscow was made because "operating conditions have degraded considerably" in recent months.
    (AP, 7/16/18)

2018        Jul 19, President Emmanuel Macron presented a distinctively modern face for Marianne, France's traditional symbol of its revolutionary values. Macron chose the Abidjan-based French-British street artist Yseult Digan, more widely known as YZ (pronounced 'Eyes').
    (AFP, 7/19/18)
2018        Jul 19, In Niger French Defence Minister Florence Parly arrived for talks with her Nigerien counterpart Kalla Moutari and President Mahamadou Issoufou about boosting the G5 Sahel force's "operational dynamics".
    (AFP, 7/20/18)

2018        Jul 20, French President Emmanuel Macron fired Alexandre Benalla, the head of his personal security detail, but faced criticism for failing to act sooner, after video was released showing the man posing as a police officer and beating a protester while off duty in May.
    (Reuters, 7/20/18)
2018        Jul 20, France sent 50 tons of medical aid to government-controlled eastern Ghouta in Syria after Russia agreed to facilitate its delivery, raising hopes for future aid efforts.
    (Reuters, 7/21/18)

2018        Jul 21, Humanitarian aid sent by France and Russia arrived in Syria as the two countries' leaders discussed a joint mission to distribute much-needed relief supplies in a ravaged former rebel enclave.
    (AFP, 7/21/18)

2018        Jul 23, French police cleared 455 Sudanese and Eritrean migrants from a park in the western city of Nantes where they had been camping for more than a month.
    (AFP, 7/23/18)
2018        Jul 23, Oksana Shachko (31), one of the founders of the Femen feminist protest movement, was found dead in her Paris apartment with a suicide note next to her body. She was one of four feminist activists who founded Femen in Ukraine in 2008.
    (AFP, 7/24/18)

2018        Jul 24, Some Tour de France riders needed eye treatment for tear gas when police intervened to disperse farmers protesting against funding cuts. Stage 16 resumed after a 15-minute delay.
    (AP, 7/24/18)

2018        Jul 27, A major fire in the Paris suburbs paralyzed traffic in and out of the city's Montparnasse train station, just as thousands of French travelers head off on their holidays this weekend.
    (AFP, 7/27/18)

2018        Jul 30, In France Geraint Thomas was labelled the "Perfect Poster Boy" after the British Team Sky rider deposed teammate and four-time champion Chris Froome to win the Tour de France.
    (AFP, 7/30/18)

2018        Aug 1, French lawmakers voted to outlaw sexual harassment on the streets, leaving cat-callers and aggressively lecherous individuals facing potential on-the-spot fines of up to 750 euros as part of tougher legislation to fight sexual violence.
    (Reuters, 8/2/18)

2018        Aug 2, In France three mountain climbers plunged to their death in the Domes de Miage of the French Alps.
    (AP, 8/2/18)

2018        Aug 4, In France a spokesman said EDF has halted four nuclear reactors at three power plants because of the current heatwave affecting Europe.
    (Reuters, 8/4/18)

2018        Aug 11, In France Bui Tin (b.1927), a Vietnamese former colonel and revolutionary war hero, died. He became disillusioned with the communist regime and defected in 1990, becoming one of its most vocal and influential critics.
    (AP, 8/12/18)

2018        Aug 12, It was reported that a French theme park has trained six rooks to pick up cigarette butts and other rubbish dropped by visitors in return for food.
    (Reuters, 8/12/18)
2018        Aug 12, In southeastern France a small glider plane crashed despite "excellent" weather, killing two Austrians onboard on the mountainous Roche Rousse sector of Orcieres in the Hautes-Alpes region.
    (AP, 8/13/18)

2018        Aug 16, Air France-KLM was tipped to name its first non-French chief executive, with Ben Smith, chief operating officer at Air Canada, set to be unveiled. Nine out of 10 Air France unions opposed the selection.
    (AP, 8/16/18)

2018        Aug 20, France told its diplomats and foreign ministry officials, in an internal memo, to postpone indefinitely all non-essential travel to Iran, citing a foiled bomb plot and a hardening of Tehran's attitude towards France.
    (Reuters, 8/28/18)

2018        Aug 23, In France a man (36) stabbed his mother and sister to death and seriously injured another person in a town near Paris before being shot dead by police. The man had serious mental health problems and had been on a terror watch list since 2016.
    (AFP, 8/23/18)

2018        Aug 26, In France Moroccan singer Saad Lamjarred (33) was arrested on suspicion of committing a rape in the town of Saint-Tropez on the French Riviera. Lamjarred was previously arrested in October 2016 for having assaulted a French woman in a luxury hotel on the Champs-Elysee avenue.
    (AP, 8/27/18)

2018        Aug 27, In France a man was detained on suspicion of assaulting a 22-year-old student who released a shocking video of an attack last month outside a Paris cafe which went viral online. Surveillance footage of the incident shows a man hurling an ashtray from a table outside the cafe at Marie Laguerre, allegedly after she told him to "shut up" following lewd comments. In October Firas M. (25) was sentenced to six months in jail and fined $2,300.
    (AFP, 8/28/18)(SFC, 10/6/18, p.A2)

2018        Aug 28, French Environment Minister Nicolas Hulot resigned in frustration over sluggish progress on climate goals and nuclear energy policy, dealing a major blow to President Emmanuel Macron's already tarnished green credentials.
    (Reuters, 8/28/18)
2018        Aug 28, Fishermen from rival French and British fleets banged their boats in ill-tempered skirmishes over access to the scallop-rich waters off France's northern coast. French law prevents French boats from fishing for scallops during the summer months before Oct. 1, to help preserve the stocks. But British ships can still fish for the prized delicacies in international waters off the French coast.
    (AP, 8/29/18)
2018        Aug 28, Hungarian PM Viktor Orban and Italy's far-right Interior Minister Matteo Salvini launched an anti-migration manifesto, namechecking French Pres. Emmanuel Macron as their adversary. Macron has blasted Italy and Hungary for maintaining an uncompromising stance on migrants while readily accepting EU development funding.
    (AFP, 8/29/18)

2018        Sep 7, In France jewels, worth an estimated 800,000 euros ($930,000), were stolen from a Saudi princess at the five-star Ritz Hotel on Place Vendome.
    (AFP, 9/10/18)

2018        Sep 8, In France more than 18,000 people marched in Paris as part of an international mobilization to show popular support for urgent measures to combat climate change in advance of a Sept.12-Sept. 14 summit in San Francisco.
    (AP, 9/9/18)

2018        Sep 10, In France a man wielding a knife and an iron bar injured seven people, including three tourists, in Paris, in an attack that bystanders tried to stop by throwing petanque balls at the assailant.
    (AFP, 9/10/18)

2018        Sep 12, France-based Algerian singer Rachid Taha (59) died overnight after suffering a heart attack at his home in the Paris suburbs.
    (AP, 9/13/18)

2018        Sep 13, French President Emmanuel Macron formally recognized the responsibility of the French state in the death of a dissident mathematician in Algeria in 1957, admitting for the first time the French military's "system" that included torture during Algeria's independence war.
    (AP, 9/13/18)

2018        Sep 14, PM Edouard Philippe said France plans to boost cycling with better bike lanes, financial incentives for bicycle commuters and measures against bike theft.
    (Reuters, 9/14/18)
2018        Sep 14, In France about 15 Kurdish activists burned the Iranian flag in front of Iran's embassy in Paris and broke some windows with stones. Some of the attackers were arrested.
    (Reuters, 9/15/18)

2018        Sep 15, In France four men allegedly raped a woman (19) outside a nightclub in Toulouse. Images of the apparent attack soon circulated on social media. The alleged victim later told police that she had been attacked in the nightclub's car park and that she believed she had been drugged.
    (Reuters, 9/20/18)

2018        Sep 18, French President Emmanuel Macron unveiled plans to make France's health care system, considered one of the best in the world, more efficient and sustainable for the next 50 years.
    (AP, 9/18/18)

2018        Sep 19, A French court of appeals upheld a Sept. 2017 ruling that two directors of French celebrity magazine Closer should be fined a maximum 45,000 euros ($52,500) for breaching the privacy of Kate Middleton, when publishing topless photos of the Duchess of Cambridge sunbathing back in 2012.
    (AP, 9/19/18)

2018        Sep 20, In France dozens of farmers and lawmakers stormed out of a meeting with the new environment minister after he confirmed that two more bears would soon be released into the Pyrenees mountains. Some 40 brown bears currently roam the range between France and Spain after France began importing them from Slovenia in 1996 after the native population had been hunted to near-extinction.
    (AFP, 9/20/18)

2018        Sep 25, Interpol chief Meng Hongwei was reported missing after traveling from France to his native China. His wife was soon placed under police protection after receiving threats.
    (Reuters, 10/6/18)
2018        Sep 25, Portugal said that it would take in 10 of 58 migrants from the Aquarius rescue ship, as European countries battled to defuse a fresh row over asylum seekers picked up in the Mediterranean. France and Spain also agreed to take in migrants from the Aquarius.
    (AFP, 9/25/18)(Reuters, 9/25/18)

2018        Sep 27, In France Pascal Filoe, a city hall official in the southern city of Rodez, was stabbed to death in a daylight attack. A suspect was arrested. Local media reported that he acted out of vengeance days after his unregistered attack dog was confiscated.
    (AP, 9/27/18)

2018        Sep, In France divers and a specially equipped boat with lifting gear began fishing out hundreds of the old loops of rubber about 500 meters (1,600 feet) from an exclusive coastline between the towns of Cannes and Antibes. A 1980s experiment saw 25,000 car tires dumped into the crystal-clear waters of the Mediterranean to create a sanctuary for sea life off the French coast. The experiment was found to be polluting.
    (AFP, 9/23/18)

2018        Oct 1, Legendary French Armenian singer Charles Aznavour (b.1924) died at his home in Alpilles. Aznavour was named "Entertainer of the Century" by CNN in 1998 because of his immense global popularity. His leading role in Francois Truffaut's film "Shoot the Piano Player" in 1960 catapulted Aznavour to international fame.
    (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z24X730KABU)(AFP, 10/1/18)

2018        Oct 2, Around 200 French police launched a dawn anti-terror raid on one of the biggest Shiite Muslim centers in France, the Zahra Center France, as well as the homes of its directors. France accused Iran's intelligence ministry of being behind a foiled plot to bomb an exiled opposition group near Paris. The accusation was taken three months after the alleged plot to bomb a meeting of the People's Mujahedeen of Iran (MEK) in a suburb of Paris.
    (AFP, 10/2/18)
2018        Oct 2, Three scientists from the United States, Canada and France won the Nobel Prize in physics for work with lasers. Arthur Ashkin (96) of Bell Laboratories in New Jersey, developed "optical tweezers" that can grab tiny particles such as viruses without damaging them. Donna Strickland, of the University of Waterloo in Canada, and Frenchman Gerard Mourou of the Ecole Polytechnique and University of Michigan, helped develop short and intense laser pulses that have broad industrial and medical applications, including laser eye surgery and highly precise machine cutting.
    (AP, 10/2/18)

2018        Oct 3, France's PM Edouard Philippe assumed responsibility for the country's domestic security after Interior Minister Gerard Collomb resigned in an apparent act of defiance toward President Emmanuel Macron.
    (AP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, French police caught one of France's most wanted men in a pre-dawn raid, finding the gangster holed up in his hometown north of Paris. Fugitive Redoine Faid (46) was arrested in Creil three months after his spectacular helicopter escape.
    (AP, 10/3/18)
2018        Oct 3, The Japan Space Exploration Agency said the Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout (MASCOT), a German-French observation device, was released from the unmanned spacecraft Hayabusa2 and successfully landed on the asteroid Ryugu.
    (AP, 10/3/18)

2018        Oct 4, French authorities helicoptered a Slovenian she-bear into the Pyrenees mountains, despite an all-night protest by furious local farmers who fear she will eat their sheep.
    (AFP, 10/4/18)

2018        Oct 5, French police said they are probing the disappearance of Meng Hongwei (64), the Chinese head of Interpol, who has reportedly been detained for questioning in his home country. The Hong-Kong based South China Morning Post newspaper reported that Meng was under investigation in China.
    (AFP, 10/5/18)

2018        Oct 9, Uzbekistan's Pres. Shavkat Mirziyoyev made his first trip to a European Union country, meeting with French leader Emmanuel Macron in Paris. He signed partnership agreements with French companies including energy group Total, Veolia and Suez for water facilities, nuclear company Orano and Airbus Helicopters. No final contract was expected to be reached.
    (AP, 10/9/18)

2018        Oct 10, France's highest court overturned an appeals court ruling that required around 1,700 women around the world to pay back compensation they received over rupture-prone breast implants. The decision means that the years-long case must be retried.
    (AP, 10/10/18)

2018        Oct 11, In France scuba divers found two people dead inside an upended car lolling on a beach after torrential rains wrought havoc along the Riviera coast overnight.
    (Reuters, 10/11/18)

2018        Oct 12, A French police van was seen driving into Italy to return recently-arrived migrants to the town of Calviere. French authorities later admitted to returning migrants to Italy in "error".
    (AFP, 10/16/18)
2018        Oct 12, Rwanda's foreign minister Louise Mushikiwabo was named head of the International Organization of La Francophonie (OIF), a sign of slowly improving relations between Paris and Kigali a decade after the African nation turned its back on the French language.
    (Reuters, 10/12/18)

2018        Oct 13, Mark Sutton (34), a Briton riding a mountain bike, was shot dead by a hunter (22) as he sped down a wooded track near Montriond in the French Alps.
    (AFP, 10/14/18)

2018        Oct 14, Britain, France and Germany insisted that "light must be shed" on the whereabouts of journalist Jamal Khashoggi as they called for a credible investigation into his disappearance at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul.
    (AFP, 10/14/18)

2018        Oct 15, In France overnight flash floods struck the southwest Aude region. At least 14 people died and one remained missing after the storms and floods.
    (AP, 10/15/18)(AFP, 10/17/18)
2018        Oct 15, It was reported that France over the summer seized part of a severance payment to the former co-chairman of LafargeHolcim as part of an investigation into whether the cement maker paid off Islamic State and other militants in Syria.
    (AP, 10/15/18)

2018        Oct 17, French Pres. Emmanuel Macron met with visiting Japanese PM Shinzo Abe to prepare next year's summits of the group of developing countries G-20 in Japan and the world's advanced economies G-7 in France.
    (AP, 10/17/18)
2018        Oct 17, The France-based Interpol police organization said coordinated police raids in 93 countries have netted more than 55 tons of drugs including a cocaine, heroin and millions of synthetic drug pills. 1,300 people in all were arrested in an operation codenamed Lionfish, and which took place between Sept. 17 and Oct. 8.
    (Reuters, 10/17/18)

2018        Oct 19, The London-based European Medicines Agency said it had adopted a "positive opinion" of Dengvaxia, the first vaccine for dengue, made by Sanofi of France.
    (SFC, 10/20/18, p.A2)

2018        Oct 23, France-based Interpol said coordinated police raids in 116 countries have netted 500 tons of illicit pharmaceuticals available online, including fake cancer medications, counterfeit pain pills and illegal medical syringes.
    (Reuters, 10/23/18)
2018        Oct 23, The UN Human Rights Committee said that France's ban on the niqab, the full-body Islamic veil, was a violation of human rights and called on it to review the legislation. It gave Paris 180 days to report back to say what actions it had taken.
    (Reuters, 10/23/18)

2018        Oct 26, French President Emmanuel Macron dismissed as "demagoguery" the calls by several European countries including Germany to suspend arms sales to Saudi Arabia following the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.
    (Reuters, 10/26/18)

2018        Oct 27, The leaders of Turkey, Russia, France and Germany met to try to find a political solution to Syria's devastating civil war, provide access to humanitarian aid and salvage a fragile ceasefire in the country's last major rebel-held bastion.
    (AFP, 10/27/18)

2018        Oct 30, Heavy snowfall across south-central France, with up to 40 centimeters (16 inches) falling in some towns and villages, has caused chaos on the roads and knocked out electricity to nearly 200,000 homes.
    (Reuters, 10/30/18)

2018        Nov 2, Vietnam's PM In and French PM Edouard Philippe witnessed the signing of two business deals in Hanoi worth over $10 billion and dozens of other cooperation agreements covering energy, education, health, technology and the environment.
    (AP, 11/2/18)

2018        Nov 4, French President Emmanuel Macron kicked off a week of commemorations for the 100th anniversary of the end of World War One.
    (AFP, 11/4/18)
2018        Nov 4, Voters in New Caledonia voted in a referendum on whether the French territory in the South Pacific should break free from the European country that claimed it in the mid-19th century. 56.4 percent of people rejected the proposition.
    (AFP, 11/4/18)

2018        Nov 5, France gave 30 million euros ($34 million) of aid to Gambia as part of efforts to support its democratic transition and ensure stability in a region Paris deems vital to its interests.
    (Reuters, 11/5/18)
2018        Nov 5, France said it has issued international arrest warrants for three ranking Syrian officials, accusing them of complicity with crimes against humanity in the deaths of a father and son who were detained in 2013.
    (AP, 11/5/18)
2018        Nov 5, In France two buildings collapsed into a giant pile of rubble and beams in the southern city of Marseille. Firefighters soon found the bodies of three people in the ruins. On Nov. 7 death toll rose to six in with the discoveries of two men's bodies. On Nov. 9 the body of a woman was found in the ruins, bringing to eight the death toll from the collapse.
    (AP, 11/5/18)(AFP, 11/6/18)(AP, 11/7/18)(AP, 11/9/18)

2018        Nov 6, French police arrested five men and a woman, all from the radical far right, suspected of plotting to attack French President Emmanuel Macron.
    (AP, 11/6/18)

2018        Nov 7, French composer Francis Lai (86), who won an Oscar in 1970 for the iconic "Love Story" soundtrack, died. Lai started as an accordionist, but quickly rose through the ranks as a composer, writing songs for singers including Edith Piaf and Yves Montand.
    (AP, 11/8/18)

2018        Nov 10, In France President Donald Trump and French President Emmanuel Macron insisted they were good friends after a dustup over their comments about European security that threatened to divert attention from a weekend ceremony marking 100 years since the end of World War I.
    (AP, 11/10/18)

2018        Nov 11, President Emmanuel Macron led tributes to the millions of soldiers killed during World War One, holding an emotional ceremony in Paris attended by dozens of world leaders to commemorate the centenary of the Armistice.
    (Reuters, 11/11/18)

2018        Nov 12, The French government said 51 states, including all EU members, have pledged their support for a new international agreement to set standards on cyberweapons and the use of the internet. The states have signed up to a so-called "Paris Call for Trust and Security in Cyberspace", an attempt to kickstart stalled global negotiations. China, Russia and the United States did not sign the pledge.
    (AFP, 11/12/18)
2018        Nov 12, In France police Officer Maggy Biskupski (36), who warned that growing anti-police violence was undermining morale in the force, was found dead at her home in a suspected suicide. She had founded the Angry Police Movement protest group after the October 2016 firebombing of a squad car with two officers inside.
    (AFP, 11/13/18)

2018        Nov 13, French authorities said they have closed an investigation into the disappearance and subsequent detention in China of Meng Hongwei, the former president of Interpol, and found no evidence to support his wife's claim that she got a threatening call in Chinese after he was picked up.
    (AP, 11/14/18)

2018        Nov 14, The French government attempted to head off planned protests over rising fuel costs by announcing a series of measures to help poorer families pay their bills.
    (AFP, 11/14/18)

2018        Nov 15, France led calls among EU states for changes to Britain's draft Brexit deal. France spearheaded a group of states in raising objections to what has so far been agreed on fishing between the EU and UK after Brexit.
    (Reuters, 11/15/18)
2018        Nov 15, A French court acquitted former government minister Georges Tron (61) and his former deputy, Brigitte Gruel (61), of raping two employees during foot-massaging sessions in his office. Virginie Ettel (41) and Eva Loubrieu (44) had testified that they felt powerless to resist being groped and penetrated digitally by Tron because they were afraid of losing their jobs.
    (AFP, 11/15/18)
2018        Nov 15, A French court granted release to Islamic scholar Tariq Ramadan (56), a Swiss citizen and professor at Oxford University, on condition he pay 300,000 euros ($340,000) bail, surrender his Swiss passport and remain in France. Two women have accused Ramadan of raping them in France.
    (AP, 11/16/18)
2018        Nov 15, French Polynesian President Edouard Fritch said the leaders of the French collectivity of islands in the South Pacific lied to the population for three decades over the dangers of nuclear testing. From 1960 to 1996, France carried out 193 nuclear tests in French Polynesia. In 2010 the French government offered millions of euros in compensation for the government's 201 nuclear tests in the South Pacific and Algeria.
    (AP, 11/16/18)

2018        Nov 16, Meeting in Versailles, France, 50-plus nations unanimously approved a ground-breaking overhaul to the international system of measurements that underpins global trade and other vital human endeavors, uniting together behind new scientific definitions for the kilogram and other units in a way that they have failed to do on so many other issues.
    (AP, 11/16/18)

2018        Nov 17, In France thousands gathered on motorways across the country to protest against higher fuel taxes and President Emmanuel Macron's economic policies, in a campaign of road blockades. One female protester (63) was accidentally killed and dozens were injured.
    (Reuters, 11/17/18)(AFP, 11/17/18)

2018        Nov 18, French Interior Minister Christophe Castaner said more than 400 people were hurt, 14 seriously, in a day and night of "yellow vest" protests over rising fuel price hikes as more protests continued in several regions across France.
    (AP, 11/18/18)

2018        Nov 19, European Union foreign ministers endorsed a French government decision to sanction Iranian nationals accused of a bomb plot in France, a move that could enable EU-wide enforcement of the measures.
    (Reuters, 11/19/18)
2018        Nov 19, In France UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay and World Jewish Congress President Ronald Lauder unveiled the interactive "Facts about the Holocaust " site at the cultural agency's Paris headquarters.
    (AP, 11/19/18)

2018        Nov 20, In France Rev. Robert Bonan was arrested in the town of Lautenbach on preliminary charges of raping minors. The charges were based on multiple complaints, some dating to the 1980s.
    (AP, 11/23/18)

2018        Nov 21, The French government said thirty police officers have been injured in five days of protests over rising living costs on the French Indian Ocean island of La Reunion. Roads across the volcanic island of 850,000 people off southeast Africa remained blocked by demonstrators, causing petrol stations to run low on fuel, and schools were closed for fear of violence.
    (AP, 11/21/18)
2018        Nov 21, The International Alliance for the Defence of Rights and Freedoms (AIDL) filed a lawsuit against Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan during his visit to France, accusing him of war crimes, complicity in torture and inhumane treatment in Yemen.
    (Reuters, 11/21/18)

2018        Nov 22, France said it had imposed sanctions, including travel bans, on 18 Saudi citizens linked to the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi and warned that more could follow depending on results of the current investigation.
    (Reuters, 11/22/18)
2018        Nov 22, In Mali Amadou Koufa, one of the most prominent jihadist leaders in the country, was killed late today in a raid by French forces. The operation killed about 30 Islamist militants.
    (Reuters, 11/24/18)

2018        Nov 23, The 170 member states of the Paris-based Bureau International des Expositions chose Japan's Osaka to host the 2025 World Expo, beating out cities in Russia and Azerbaijan for an event expected to draw millions of visitors.
    (AP, 11/23/18)

2018        Nov 24, French police firing tear gas and using water cannon clashed with protesters in Paris who are angry over rising fuel costs and President Emmanuel Macron's economic policies, the second weekend of "yellow vest" protests across the country.
    (Reuters, 11/24/18)

2018        Nov 25, French Senate employee Benoit Quennedey, suspected of spying for North Korea, was detained. Quennedey has traveled to the Koreas in his role as the head of the French-Korean Friendship Association, and wrote a book and essays about North Korea.
    (AP, 11/27/18)
2018        Nov 25, French economy minister Bruno Le Maire said Renault had launched an internal audit into Ghosn's pay. Nissan's former chairman Carlos Ghosn has denied allegations of financial misconduct, claiming he had no intention of making false reports.
    (AFP, 11/25/18)

2018        Nov 26, The French government unveiled a planned bill to invest 13.4 billion euros ($15.2 billion) by 2022 aimed to develop the rail network, car-pooling, electric cars and unmanned shuttles. The government also said it has dropped plans that would have eased the introduction of urban tolls amid nationwide protests against rising fuel costs.
    (AP, 11/26/18)(Reuters, 11/26/18)

2018        Nov 27, President Emmanuel Macron said France would reduce the share of nuclear in the power mix to 50 percent by 2035, down from 75 percent today, rather than the total phasing out planned by neighbor Germany.
    (Reuters, 11/27/18)

2018        Nov 28, The EU's second highest court upheld a decision by the European Union to recover money from far-right politician Marine Le Pen, delivering the former French presidential candidate a second legal setback this year.
    (Reuters, 11/28/18)

2018        Nov 30, French President Emmanuel Macron told Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman Europeans will insist on international experts being part of the investigations into a Saudi journalist's murder.
    (Reuters, 11/30/18)

2018        Dec 1, In France police and anti-government protesters clashed near the Champs-Elysees and in other parts of central Paris. Paris police arrested 412 people during the worst clashes for years in the capital. 378 remained in custody.
    (AFP, 12/1/18)(AP, 12/2/18)

2018        Dec 2, French President Emmanuel Macron led a crisis meeting after a day of riots in Paris by anti-government protesters left hundreds injured nationwide and widespread destruction around the capital.
    (AFP, 12/2/18)

2018        Dec 3, In France anti-government protesters gained new allies as paramedics and students joined ongoing rallies while PM Macron met with political rivals in a bid to ease the anger following riots that rocked Paris.
    (AP, 12/3/18)

2018        Dec 4, French PM Edouard Philippe announced in a live televised address that the planned increases set for January would be postponed until summer. Demonstrations continued around the country.
    (AP, 12/4/18)

2018        Dec 5, French trade unions and farmers pledged to join nationwide protests against President Emmanuel Macron, as concessions by the government failed to stem the momentum of the most violent demonstrations France has seen in decades.
    (AP, 12/5/18)
2018        Dec 5, A Paris court of appeal approved an extradition request by Burkina Faso's government for the brother of ex-Burkinabe president Blaise Compaore.
    (Reuters, 12/5/18)

2018        Dec 6, France's PM Edouard Philippe said he was open to new measures to benefit workers on the lowest salaries, as the government scrambled to head off another round of 'yellow vest' protests in Paris this weekend.
    (Reuters, 12/6/18)
2018        Dec 6, Around 200 French high schools were blocked or disrupted by students protesting a raft of education overhauls, on a fourth day of action called to coincide with anti-government demonstrations which have rocked the country in recent weeks.
    (AFP, 12/6/18)
2018        Dec 6, In France aid groups Doctors Without Borders and SOS Mediterranee said they have been forced to end the migrant rescue operations of the Aquarius ship in the Mediterranean Sea.
    (AP, 12/7/18)
2018        Dec 6, The European Union and France said their total investment in development funding aimed at preventing terrorism in the G5 African Sahel countries (Mauritania, Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, and Niger) would rise to 1.3 billion euros ($1.5 billion), as the region struggles with jihadism and lawlessness.
    (AFP, 12/6/18)

2018        Dec 8, French riot police fired tear gas and water cannon in Paris, trying to stop thousands of yellow-vested protesters from converging on the presidential palace to express their anger at high taxes and French President Emmanuel Macron. Yellow-vested protesters blocked the border with Italy near the town of Ventimiglia causing a 6-km (nearly 4-mile) backup of traffic in both directions. Some 125,000 yellow vests took to the streets with a bevy of demands related to high living costs and a sense that Pres. Macron favors the elite and is trying to modernize the French economy too fast. Running battles between protesters and police left at least 71 injured in Paris and caused widespread damage in cities around the country.
    (AP, 12/8/18)(AP, 12/9/18)

2018        Dec 10, French President Emmanuel Macron announced measures to help low-income families and so end the "yellow vest" protests. Economists soon estimated that the cost of the sweeteners could reach 11 billion euros ($12.5 billion) -- a blowout for a country already struggling to meet EU budget rules.
    (AFP, 12/11/18)

2018        Dec 11, In France a man killed three people in a gun attack on a Christmas market in Strasbourg and escaped the scene. 12 other people were wounded. He was soon identified as Strasbourg-born Cherif Chekatt (29), was known to have been religiously radicalized while in jail, and was on an intelligence services watch list as a potential security risk.
    (Reuters, 12/12/18)(SFC, 12/12/18, p.A4)

2018        Dec 12, In France a cousin of jailed Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov accepted the European Parliament's Sakharov human rights prize on his behalf, saying the director remained committed to winning the release of all "political prisoners" in Russia.
    (AFP, 12/12/18)
2018        Dec 12, A top French appeals court overturned the suspended prison terms handed to activists Cedric Herrou and Pierre-Alain Mannoni for helping migrants who entered the country illegally. The Cour de Cassation, France's court of final appeal, sent the case back to the Lyon appeals' court, which is expected to void the case.
    (AFP, 12/12/18)
2018        Dec 12, France arrested Patrice-Edouard Ngaissona, a member of Africa's top footballing body, on war crimes charges in the Central African Republic.
    (AFP, 12/12/18)
2018        Dec 12, Eight European Union nations (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Sweden and the United Kingdom) underlined their commitment to the Iran nuclear deal while urging Tehran to stop its "destabilizing regional activities" especially the launch of ballistic missiles.
    (AP, 12/12/18)

2018        Dec 13, In France gunman Cherif Chekatt (29) was killed by police in the Neudorf neighborhood of Strasbourg after a two-day manhunt.
    (Reuters, 12/14/18)
2018        Dec 13, The Paris prosecutor's office said a fifth person has been arrested and placed in custody in connection with the investigation into the Dec. 11 shooting near Strasbourg's Christmas market.
    (AP, 12/13/18)
2018        Dec 13, In southern France a sixth "yellow vest" protester was killed after being hit by a truck at a road where activists staged a blockade, as the protest movement showed no signs of abating.
    (AP, 12/13/18)

2018        Dec 14, President Emmanuel Macron called for a return to calm in France after nearly a month of protests by the 'yellow vest' movement against his government's policies which have hit growth and caused widespread disruption.
    (Reuters, 12/14/18)
2018        Dec 14, In France a fourth person died following the Dec. 11 attack in Strasbourg.
    (AP, 12/14/18)
2018        Dec 14, Brazil launched the first of five navy attack submarines it is building under a $7.6-billion technology-sharing deal struck with France.
    (AFP, 12/14/18)

2018        Dec 15, In France groups of defiant "yellow vest" demonstrators faced off with tens of thousands of police around the country, but their numbers were sharply lower on a fifth and decisive weekend for the anti-government movement. Around 66,000 protesters turned out again on the fifth round of anti-government demonstrations, which sprung up over fuel tax hikes last month.
    (AFP, 12/15/18)(AFP, 12/16/18)

2018        Dec 16, In France yellow vest protesters occupied dozens of traffic roundabouts across the country even as their movement for economic justice appeared to be losing momentum on the fifth straight weekend of protests.
    (AP, 12/16/18)

2018        Dec 17, France's Alliance police labor union urged the government to invest in rebuilding the country's police forces and called for a work slowdown to protest planned cuts in the national police budget.
    (AP, 12/17/18)
2018        Dec 17, In France two people weredetained as part of the terrorism investigation in the Dec. 11 attack that killed five people. They were suspected of provinding the firearm used by Cherif Chekatt.   
    (SFC, 12/18/18, p.A4)

2018        Dec 18, French "yellow vest" protesters caused transport chaos after occupying highway toll booths and setting some of them on fire.
    (Reuters, 12/18/18)

2018        Dec 19, France's human rights ombudsman reported that undocumented migrants living in makeshift camps in northern France have been subjected to an "unprecedented" violation of their basic rights over the past three years.
    (AFP, 12/19/18)
2018        Dec 19, The Greek Supreme Court ordered the extradition to France of Russian Alexander Vinnik, who headed the Bitcoin exchange BTC-e, on suspicion of money laundering.
    (AFP, 12/19/18)

2018        Dec 20, The French government said the death toll linked to the anti-government "yellow vest" protests has risen to nine, as demonstrators kept up major disruptions of road traffic.
    (Reuters, 12/20/18)
2018        Dec 20, France said it will keep troops in northern Syria for now because Islamic State militants have not been wiped out, contrary to the US view, and has started talks with the United States on the conditions and calendar of its withdrawal.
    (Reuters, 12/20/18)
2018        Dec 20, Britain, Germany and France, three of the United States' main allies in the war against the Islamic State group, reacted with alarm to President Donald Trump's decision to pull US troops out of Syria. Analysts said the US decision to pull troops out of eastern Syria will leave the Kurds exposed to Turkish military threats and forced to cooperate with Damascus.
    (AFP, 12/20/18)

2018        Dec 21, French authorities confirmed the arrest of a suspected extremist linked to the 2015 attack on Charlie Hebdo satirical magazine that killed 12 people. French media reported that French citizen Peter Cherif, also known as Abu Hamza, had been arrested in Djibouti.
    (AP, 12/21/18)

2018        Dec 22, French President Emmanuel Macron traveled to Chad for a two-day visit to meet with French soldiers deployed in the Sahel region with Operation Barkhane amid persistent extremist threats.
    (AP, 12/22/18)
2018        Dec 22, French "yellow vests" turned out in smaller numbers for a sixth Saturday of protests in cities and border points, as a fatal road accident brought the death toll to 10 since the movement began last month.
    (AFP, 12/22/18)

2018        Dec 23, Speaking on a visit to Chad, French Pres. Emmanuel Macron insisted that France will make no cuts to its military despite domestic budget tightening.
    (AP, 12/23/18)
2018        Dec 23, Fugitive extremist Peter Cherif, who recently was arrested in the former French colony of Djibouti and expelled to France, was immediately taken into custody and charged upon his arrival at Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport.
    (AP, 12/23/18)

2018        Dec 24, Environmental groups said than 1.6 million people have signed an online petition to take the French state to court for not doing enough to fight climate change.
    (AP, 12/24/18)

2018        Dec 26, A legal source said French judges have dropped their long-running investigation into the deadly 1994 attack on former Rwandan president Juvenal Habyarimana, which sparked the country's genocide.
    (AFP, 12/26/18)

2018        Dec 27, French conglomerate Vinci said it had bought control of Gatwick airport, Britain's second-busiest, for nearly three billion pounds only months before Brexit.
    (AFP, 12/27/18)
2018        Dec 27, In southwestern Niger a French air raid mounted by French and Nigerian fighters and Tiger attack helicopters struck" jihadists gathered near Tongo Tongo. Some 15 suspected jihadists were reported killed.
    (AFP, 12/30/18)

2018        Dec 29, In France yellow vest protesters marched on the headquarters of leading broadcasters, as small groups turned out in Paris and around the country despite waning momentum for their movement. Police fired tear gas at the demonstrators in Paris.
    (AP, 12/29/18)(AFP, 12/29/18)

2018        Dec 31, A French court authorized Central Africa Republic soccer executive and alleged militia leader Patrice-Edouard Ngaissona to be handed over to the Hague war crimes tribunal.
    (Reuters, 12/31/18)

2018        Dec, Nigeria's Department of Petroleum Resources (DPR) began collaborating with French data firm Kpler to help it ferret out the smugglers from the thousands of ships plying Nigerian waters.
    (Reuters, 4/30/19)

2018        Police in France arrested Nordahl Lelandais and charged him with two murders in southeast France. In 2019 investigators said they have identified around 40 unsolved disappearances and other cold cases potentially linked to the former soldier.
    (AFP, 2/19/19)

2019        Jan 1, France ditched a system whereby residents file income tax returns based on the previous year's earnings, replacing it with a system where the state deducts the taxes directly from people's salaries or pensions each month.
    (AFP, 1/1/19)

2019        Jan 2, In France Eric Drouet, of the leaders of the "yellow vest" demonstrations, was arrested late today for organizing an unauthorized protest on the Champs-Elysees avenue. He was released the following afternoon. Drouet already faced a trial for carrying a weapon at a previous protest.
    (AP, 1/3/19)

2019        Jan 4, The French government dismissed 'yellow vest' protesters as agitators whose only goal was to topple it, signaling a toughening stance against a movement that has shaken Emmanuel Macron's presidency.
    (Reuters, 1/4/19)
2019        Jan 4, Poland accused France of breaching European Union laws by exceeding spending limits. Paris last month forecast a 2019 deficit of 3.2 percent, which would violate the EU-mandated limit of 3.0 percent of GDP.
    (AFP, 1/4/19)

2019        Jan 5, French "yellow vests" marched through Paris and other cities in protest against high living costs and the perceived indifference of Pres. Emmanuel Macron, whose government this week hardened its stance against them. Former light heavyweight boxer Christophe Dettinger (37) was filmed beating up police officers in Paris during the protests. Dettinger turned himself in to investigators on Jan. 7. On February 13 Dettinger was convicted of assault and given a one-year prison sentence.
    (Reuters, 1/5/19)(AP, 1/7/19)(AP, 2/14/19)

2019        Jan 6, In France hundreds of women marched in Paris to reclaim France's "yellow vest" movement from violent activists, a day after protesters smashed their way into a government ministry.
    (AFP, 1/6/19)

2019        Jan 7, In France Jeanne Augier (95), the millionaire owner of Hotel Negresco in Nice, died. She took over the luxury French Riviera hotel in 1957 she took over the hotel in 1957 and worked to extend its influence throughout France and the world.
    (AP, 1/9/19)
2019        Jan 7, The two leaders of Italy's ruling populist coalition threw their support behind the "yellow vest" protesters roiling neighboring France.
    (AFP, 1/7/19)

2019        Jan 8, French officials slammed a fundraising drive that brought in more than 100,000 euros for Christophe Dettinger, a former boxer filmed punching police officers during the latest "yellow vest" anti-government protests in Paris over the weekend.
    (AP, 1/8/19)

2019        Jan 9, Activists from a French protest movement encouraged supporters to set off a bank run by emptying their accounts, while the government urged citizens to express their discontent in a national debate instead of weekly demonstrations disrupting the streets of Paris.
    (AP, 1/9/19)
2019        Jan 9, It was reported that France and Germany have agreed to deepen a 1963 treaty of post-war reconciliation in a bid to show that the European Union's main axis remains strong and counter growing eurosceptic nationalism among some other members. The extension to the Elysee Treaty will be signed on Jan. 22.
    (Reuters, 1/9/19)
2019        Jan 9, A French fighter jet carrying two pilots disappeared from radar screens near the Swiss border in a snowstorm.
    (AP, 1/9/19)

2019        Jan 10, In France ride-hailing giant Uber lost an appeal brought by a former driver who wanted his terms of employment recognized as a fully-fledged work contract.
    (AFP, 1/11/19)
2019        Jan 10, In central Mali the French military in coordination with Malian armed forces carried out airstrikes killed some 15 members of an unnamed extremist group that had been preparing an attack.
    (AP, 1/19/19)
2019        Jan 10, Saudi Arabia awarded a contract to build a $500 million wind farm, a first for the world's top oil exporter as it pushes to diversify its energy sector. A consortium led by France's EDF and Abu Dhabi's Masdar won the bid for the 400-megawatt Dumat al-Jandal wind project in the northern Al Jouf province.
    (AFP, 1/10/19)

2019        Jan 11, A French judicial source said the president of Japan's Olympic Committee, Tsunekazu Takeda, is under formal investigation in France for suspected corruption related to Japan's successful bid for the 2020 Olympic Games.
    (Reuters, 1/11/19)

2019        Jan 12, The French Interior Ministry said about 32,000 people have turned out in yellow vest demonstrations across France, including 8,000 in Paris. Paris police fired water cannon and tear gas to push back demonstrators from around the Arc de Triomphe monument, in the ninth straight weekend of protests against President Emmanuel Macron's economic reforms.
    (AP, 1/12/19)(Reuters, 1/13/19)
2019        Jan 12, In France two firefighters and a Spanish woman died and nearly people 50 were injured in a massive gas explosion in a bakery that gutted the ground floor of a building in a central Paris shopping district. A 4th body was soon found bringing the overall death toll to four.
    (AFP, 1/12/19)(AP, 1/13/19)

2019        Jan 13, French media and reporters' organizations denounced attacks on journalists by "yellow vest" anti-government protesters and called for better protection after a series of incidents this weekend. President Emmanuel Macron attempted to rebound from two months of often violent anti-government protests by launching a nationwide debate over the grievances fuelling the "yellow vest" movement.
    (Reuters, 1/13/19)(AFP, 1/15/19)
2019        Jan 13, In France two ski patrollers were killed when the devices they use to trigger avalanches exploded. This brought to at least 26 the number of weather-related deaths reported in parts of Europe this month.
    (AP, 1/13/19)

2019        Jan 14, Two French policemen went on trial over the alleged gang-rape of a drunk Canadian tourist in April 2014 at the former headquarters of the Paris police.
    (AFP, 1/14/19)

2019        Jan 15, French woman Patricia Dagorn, accused of seducing and then poisoning elderly wealthy men, had her sentence reduced on appeal, after a court overturned two murder convictions in the case. She was sentenced last year to 22 years in prison over the fatal poisoning of two men found dead in 2011 on the Cote d'Azur, and the drugging of two others.
    (AFP, 1/15/19)
2019        Jan 15, French carmaker Renault said it was recalling some 13,300 Dacia automobiles in Romania over safety issues with the driver's air bag inflator.
    (AP, 1/15/19)

2019        Jan 17, In France Alexandre Benalla, a former bodyguard for President Emmanuel Macron, was taken into police custody over his continued use of diplomatic passports after he was fired for roughing up protesters.
    (AFP, 1/17/19)

2019        Jan 18, Russia said it has agreed for France and Germany to monitor shipping traffic in the Kerch Strait following a naval confrontation between Moscow and Kiev last year.
    (AFP, 1/18/19)

2019        Jan 19, In France scuffles broke out as around 7,000 "yellow vest" demonstrators marched through Paris in a 10th consecutive weekend of protests against President Emmanuel Macron's government.
    (Reuters, 1/19/19)

2019        Jan 20, In France several thousand protesters marched in Paris against abortion and medically assisted reproduction in the 13th March for Life.
    (AP, 1/20/19)
2019        Jan 20, In the French Alps two people died and 25 more were injured, four seriously, in a fire at the ski resort of Courchevel.
    (AFP, 1/20/19)

2019        Jan 21, France's data privacy watchdog fined Google 50 million euros ($57 million) for "lack of transparency, inadequate information and lack of valid consent" regarding ad personalization for users. This was the first penalty for a US tech giant under new European data privacy rules that took effect last year.
    (AP, 1/21/19)

2019        Jan 22, In France several suspects were on the run after they robbed a bank on the Champs-Elysees in broad daylight.
    (AP, 1/22/19)
2019        Jan 22, French officials said US singer Chris Brown (29) and two other people are in custody in Paris after a woman filed a rape complaint.
    (AP, 1/22/19)
2019        Jan 22, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron signed a new treaty in Aachen to update their 1963 post-war reconciliation accord (Elysee Treaty), aiming to reinvigorate the European Union's main axis as growing eurosceptic nationalism tests the bloc's cohesion.
    (Reuters, 1/22/19)

2019        Jan 23, A French court refused an appeal by Chile to extradite a longtime fugitive leftist guerilla who had escaped prison after being convicted for killing an ally of ex-dictator Augusto Pinochet, spurring an immediate rebuke from Chile. France had granted Ricardo Palma Salamanca asylum in November 2018, more than two decades after Chilean authorities imprisoned him for the 1991 murder of Senator Jaime Guzman.
    (Reuters, 1/23/19)
2019        Jan 23, France extradited Patrice-Edouard Ngaissona, a member of Africa's top footballing body, to the International Criminal Court in The Hague where he faces war crimes charges in the Central African Republic's 2013 civil war.
    (AFP, 1/23/19)
2019        Jan 23, Carlos Ghosn, who is fighting breach of trust and other charges in Japan, resigned as head of Renault. Ghosn has been detained for more than two months in Japan. The board of French carmaker Renault SA is expected to name Jean-Dominique Senard of Michelin as chairman, and Renault executive Thierry Bollore as CEO.
    (AP, 1/24/19)

2019        Jan 26, In France "yellow vest" protesters marched through Paris and other cities on the 11th weekend of action against the government, suggesting President Emmanuel Macron has yet to defuse public opposition to some of his policies.
    (Reuters, 1/26/19)
2019        Jan 26, Prolific French composer Michel Legrand (86) died in Paris. He won three Oscars and five Grammys during a career spanning more than half a century. His hits included the score for the '60s romance "The Umbrellas of Cherbourg." He first won an Academy Award in 1969 for the song "The Windmills of Your Mind" from Norman Jewison's hit thriller "The Thomas Crown Affair".
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michel_Legrand)(AP, 1/26/19)

2019        Jan 27, In France hundreds of people wearing red scarves marched through Paris to protest acts of violence and vandalism that took place during the largely peaceful yellow vest movement's two months of anti-government demonstrations.
    (AP, 1/27/19)

2019        Jan 28, In France two armed men attacked a van carrying a jailed prisoner on his way to a court, firing shots at the vehicle and striking a guard before making their getaway in the southern town of Tarascon.
    (AFP, 1/28/19)
2019        Jan 28, In Egypt French President Emmanuel Macron called for "respect for individual freedoms" as he met with his Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in Cairo.
    (AFP, 1/28/19)

2019        Jan 29, French man Jean-Luc Van Den Heede (73) arrived in the harbor of Les Sables d'Olonne in his Rustler 36, the first to finish the 30,000-mile Golden Globe race. Of the 19 sailors who started out last July, only five were still in the race.
    (AP, 1/29/19)
2019        Jan 29, In Egypt French President Emmanuel Macron held a surprise second meeting with Pres. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi after talks with the country's top clerics, ending a three-day visit aimed at boosting ties while raising human rights concerns. During the visit, Macron and Sisi oversaw the signing of some 30 deals worth nearly a billion euros (dollars) including in transportation, education and health.
    (AFP, 1/29/19)

2019        Jan 31, A French court upheld a decision by doctors to withdraw life support for Vincent Lambert (42), a tetraplegic man kept alive in a vegetative state for a decade, after the latest legal challenge by the patient's parents in a divisive right-to-die case.
    (AFP, 1/31/19)
2019        Jan 31, Britain, France and Germany launched a special payment mechanism that the EU hopes will help save a nuclear deal with Iran by bypassing US sanctions.
    (AFP, 1/31/19)

2019        Feb 1, A French priest was sentenced to five years, two without parole, for sexually assaulting four young female parishioners, one of whom was just nine when the offences started, and embezzling 100,000 euros ($115,000) to pay one of his victims.
    (AFP, 2/2/19)

2019        Feb 2, In France several thousand "yellow vest" protesters marched through Paris and other cities on the 12th weekend of action against the government, despite opinion polls pointing to a recovery in President Emmanuel Macron's popularity.
    (Reuters, 2/2/19)
2019        Feb 2, Avalanches in Austria, France and Switzerland killed four people.
    (AFP, 2/4/19)

2019        Feb 3, In France Anne-Sophie Schmidt, one of 10 women in three countries who say they were assaulted, harassed or in one case raped by conductor Charles Dutoit, issued a statement calling attention to the allegations ahead of his first major concert since the allegations surfaced in 2017.
    (AP, 2/3/19)
2019        Feb 3, French warplanes struck a rebel convoy in northern Chad, helping local troops repel an incursion across the border from Libya, a sign France's support for President Idriss Deby goes beyond fighting Islamist militants.
    (Reuters, 2/4/19)

2019        Feb 5, In France a suspected arson attack on a Paris residential building that left at least 10 people dead. A suspect was detained after she allegedly tried to torch a car nearby.
    (AP, 2/5/19)
2019        Feb 5, Apple said it has reached an agreement with French authorities over 10 years of back taxes, confirming information published by the French magazine L'Express. The magazine reported that the firm paid nearly 500 million euros ($570 million) to resolve the case in a confidential settlement reached in December.
    (AFP, 2/5/19)
2019        Feb 5, The Jerusalem District Prosecutor's Office said that Ilan Levy-Neumand, a dual French-Israeli citizen and resident of a West Bank settlement, was arrested and that prosecutors petitioned the court for his extradition. In 2010, Levy-Neumand was convicted in absentia by a French court for sexual offenses against eight girls and sentenced to 15 years in prison. He fled France for Israel after his arrest in 2002.
    (AP, 2/5/19)

2019        Feb 6, France and Germany announced a 65 million euro ($74 million) contract financed equally by both countries over two years as the first act of the joint program to design a next-generation combat jet.
    (Reuters, 2/6/19)

2019        Feb 7, France said its defense cooperation with Cameroon was continuing a day after the United States said it was halting some military assistance to the West African country over allegations of human rights violations by its security forces.
    (Reuters, 2/7/19)
2019        Feb 7, France's foreign ministry recalled its ambassador to Rome for consultations over a series of comments from Italy's deputy prime ministers, Luigi Di Maio and Matteo Salvini. Salvini and De Maio have angered Macron in particular by publicly supporting the "yellow vest" protesters who have taken to the streets to denounce high living costs and a perceived indifference by the government to rural and small-town France.
    (AFP, 2/7/19)
2019        Feb 7, Chadian President Idriss Deby said a column of rebels which had sought to cross into the country from Libya had been "destroyed" in a series of strikes carried out by French warplanes. The French military has said Mirage 2000 jets struck an armed convoy on three days this week, destroying about 20 of roughly 50 pickup trucks.
    (AFP, 2/7/19)

2019        Feb 8, European Union member states adopted a Franco-German compromise allowing Berlin to remain the lead negotiator with Russia on the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline to Europe.
    (AFP, 2/8/19)
2019        Feb 8, Kurdish officials said there was no progress on repatriating dozens of French nationals, including accused Islamic State fighters, women, and children, from prison camps in northern Syria.
    (AFP, 2/8/19)

2019        Feb 9, Thousands of French "yellow vest" demonstrators marched for their 13th weekend of action, with scuffles in Paris. One demonstrator's hand was blown off by a flash-ball grenade.
    (Reuters, 2/9/19)(AFP, 2/9/19)
2019        Feb 9, In France a woman and a child were killed in a fire late today in the eastern city of Lyon believed to have been sparked by a gas blast in a bakery.
    (AFP, 2/10/19)

2019        Feb 11, In France the left-wing Liberation newspaper suspended two of its journalists, including Vincent Glad, who founded the closed Facebook group "League of LOL," a secret "boys club" of journalists that has been accused of harassing women writers and feminists during a near-decade long campaign of online bullying.
    (Reuters, 2/12/19)
2019        Feb 11, French cash delivery driver Adrien Derbez (27) made off with about three million euros ($3.2 million). He managed to hide half his haul before being arrested the next day.
    (AFP, 2/14/19)
2019        Feb 11, Australia's PM Scott Morrison described his government as stronger on national security than the opposition after signing an agreement with the French government to deliver a fleet of submarines and ahead of federal elections expected to be held in May.
    (AP, 2/11/19)

2019        Feb 13, French carmaker Renault said in a statement its board unanimously decided to waive Ghosn's "non-compete commitment and, consequently, not to pay the corresponding compensation equal to two years fixed and variable compensation".
    (AP, 2/13/19)

2019        Feb 16, In France "yellow vest" protesters took to the streets for the 14th weekend in a row. A poll this week showed dwindling support for the demonstrations.
    (Reuters, 2/16/19)
2019        Feb 16, French director Francois Ozon's film "Grace a Dieu" ("By the Grace of God") won the Berlin Film Festival's jury grand prize. The movie, which opens on Feb. 20, portrays French priest Bernard Preynat, who has been accused of molesting dozens of boys during the 1980s and '90s.
    (AP, 2/18/19)   

2019        Feb 17, French officials strongly condemned anti-Semitic abuse and anti-police attacks by some "yellow vest" demonstrators as hundreds gathered in central Paris to mark the third month of the anti-government protests.
    (AFP, 2/17/19)
2019        Feb 17, Saudi Arabia signed a preliminary agreement with France's Naval Group to build warships in the kingdom, as part of its efforts to develop domestic manufacturing capabilities. Saudi Arabian Military Industries (SAMI), the kingdom’s state defense company, made the announcement at the IDEX military exhibition in Abu Dhabi.
    (Reuters, 2/17/19)

2019        Feb 19, French residents and public officials from across the political spectrum joined nationwide rallies against anti-Semitism following a series of anti-Semitic acts. Vandals daubed swastikas and anti-Semitic slogans overnight on around 90 graves in a Jewish cemetery in the eastern village of Quatzenheim.
    (AP, 2/19/19)(Reuters, 2/19/19)
2019        Feb 19, Karl Lagerfeld (85), German-born French fashion designer, died in Paris. Lagerfeld was one of the most hardworking figures in the fashion world, holding down the top design jobs at LVMH-owned luxury label Fendi from 1977, and Paris' family-owned power-house Chanel in 1983.
    (AP, 2/19/19)
2019        Feb 19, France and Germany launched a drive in Berlin to overhaul the European Union's competition rules to facilitate the creation of world-leading companies. They pushed forward a project to create a car battery consortium aimed at catching up with Asian rivals.
    (AP, 2/19/19)

2019        Feb 20, A French court ordered Switzerland's largest bank, UBS, to pay 4.5 billion euros ($5.1 billion) in fines and damages for helping wealthy French clients evade tax authorities, wrapping up one of France's biggest-ever tax evasion trials.
    (AP, 2/20/19)
2019        Feb 20, A French TV channel said it had been forced to cut short a live Facebook broadcast from a desecrated Jewish cemetery in eastern France because of an onslaught of anti-Semitic commentary.
    (Reuters, 2/20/19)

2019        Feb 21, France Info radio and BFM TV reported that French jihadist Fabian Clain had been killed and his brother Jean-Michel seriously wounded after a coalition strike in Baghouz, the final pocket held by the militants in northeastern Syria.
    (Reuters, 2/21/19)
2019        Feb 21, In Mali Djamel Okacha (aka Yahya Abou El Hamame), an Algerian commander in Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), was killed after French commandos, helicopters and a drone hit a column of vehicles he was traveling in north of Timbuktu. A total of 11 "terrorists" were reported killed.
    (AFP, 2/22/19)

2019        Feb 22, In France hundreds of students took to the streets of Paris to call for more action to fight climate change, one day after a similar march in Brussels. Greta Thunberg, the 16-year-old Swedish schoolgirl who is being hailed as her generation's voice on climate change, joined the Paris march.
    (AP, 2/22/19)

2019        Feb 23, In France thousands of yellow vest protesters took to the streets across the country for a 15th straight weekend of demonstrations, trying to re-energize supporters while tamping down on the violence and anti-Semitism in the movement's ranks.
    (AP, 2/23/19)

2019        Feb 25, Paris prosecutors dropped a rape investigation targeting filmmaker Luc Besson (59) because of a lack of evidence.
    (AP, 2/25/19)

2019        Feb 26, PSA Group, the French maker of Peugeot automobiles, said it plans to reintroduce the cars to North American markets.
    (AP, 2/26/19)

2019        Mar 3, In France at least 2,000 demonstrators gathered in Paris and other cities to protest Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's bid to stand for a fifth term in office.
    (AFP, 3/3/19)

2019        Mar 5, French officials said rioters in the city of Grenoble set fire to 65 cars and targeted security forces with fireworks and Molotov cocktails, after a third night of violence sparked by the death of two teenagers on a stolen scooter during a police chase.
    (AFP, 3/5/19)
2019        Mar 5, French customs officials warned of lengthy delays at the port of Calais as their work-to-rule strike snarled traffic for a second day, leading to queues of trucks several km (miles) long.
    (AFP, 3/5/19)
2019        Mar 5, In France Michael Chiolo (27) was lightly injured when armed police raided a room where he had holed up with his pregnant girlfriend after stabbing the guards with a ceramic knife. His partner, suspected of smuggling in the knife, was killed in the assault. The mentally unstable former homeless man was already serving a 30-year prison sentence for violent crime.
    (AFP, 3/6/19)

2019        Mar 6, In France prison guards blocked access to 18 jails to protest working conditions after the stabbing of two guards by a radicalized inmate.
    (AFP, 3/6/19)

2019        Mar 7, French Catholic cleric, Cardinal Philippe Barbarin, was convicted of failing to report allegations of sexual abuse in his diocese and said he would submit his resignation to Pope Francis. The archbishop of Lyon was handed a six-month suspended prison sentence.
    (Reuters, 3/7/19)
2019        Mar 7, Eurostar trains from Paris to London were running up to two hours late and trucks stacked up on the approaches to the Channel port of Calais as French customs officers staged the fourth day of a work-to-rule strike.
    (AFP, 3/7/19)

2019        Mar 8, Official reports said France and Iran are to exchange ambassadors after Paris suspended nomination of an envoy to Tehran last year over accusations that Iranian intelligence had planned an attack on an opposition group in Paris.
    (Reuters, 3/8/19)

2019        Mar 9, In France hundreds of "yellow vest" protesters began marches in Paris, marking the 17th straight weekend of anti-government demonstrations. They were joined by others donning pink tops, as child-care workers turned out against a reform of their unemployment subsidies.
    (Reuters, 3/9/19)

2019        Mar 10, In France thousands of Algerian-origin protesters demonstrated in Paris and other cities around the country against President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, calling on him not to seek another term in office.
    (AFP, 3/10/19)

2019        Mar 12, French President Emmanuel Macron met with the leaders of Djibouti and Ethiopia at the start of a multi-nation trip to Africa aimed at shoring up military and economic ties in the continent's strategically-important East.
    (AP, 3/12/19)
2019        Mar 12, Britain, Germany and France joined a wave of suspensions of Boeing 737 MAX aircraft as US President Donald Trump fretted over modern airplane design following the March 10 crash in Ethiopia that killed 157 people.
    (Reuters, 3/12/19)
2019        Mar 12, EU lawmakers voted to lift the immunity of Jean-Marie Le Pen, founder of the far-right National Front, so France can investigate claims he improperly spent EU funds.
    (AFP, 3/12/19)

2019        Mar 14, Flight recorders from a doomed Ethiopian Airlines flight arrived in France for analysis as frustrated relatives of the 157 people killed stormed out of a meeting with airline officials in Addis Ababa.
    (AP, 3/14/19)

2019        Mar 16, In France demonstrators looted and torched shops and businesses on the famed Champs-Elysees avenue in Paris, on the 18th straight weekend of "yellow vest" protests.
    (AFP, 3/16/19)

2019        Mar 17, The French government faced heavy criticism over failing to maintain law and order during an arson and looting rampage by "yellow vest" protesters along the famous Champs-Elysees in Paris.
    (AFP, 3/17/19)
2019        Mar 17, France's BEA air accident investigation said data from the flight data recorder of the Ethiopian jet that crashed last week has been successfully downloaded. BEA said the information has been transferred to Ethiopian investigators and that its technical work on the flight data recorder and cockpit voice recorder was now done.
    (Reuters, 3/17/19)

2019        Mar 18, French PM Edouard Phillipe announced a ban on "yellow vest" protests on Paris' Champs-Elysees avenue and two other cities.
    (SFC, 3/19/19, p.A2)
2019        Mar 18, Pope Francis turned down an offer to resign by French Roman Catholic cardinal Philippe Barbarin (68), but suggested he stand aside "for a while." Barbarin, the archbishop of Lyon, was recently convicted of failing to report a known predator priest to police.
    (Reuters, 3/19/19)

2019        Mar 19, French authorities reopened a case against Russian billionaire Suleyman Kerimov and indicted him for tax fraud in connection with the suspicious purchase of five luxury villas in southern France.
    (AFP, 3/20/19)

2019        Mar 23, French "yellow vest" demonstrators began their 19th consecutive weekend of protests against President Emmanuel Macron's government as military units were deployed to help police clamp down on any trouble.
    (Reuters, 3/23/19)

2019        Mar 24, China's President Xi Jinping arrived in France where he had a private dinner with Macron in the resort town of Beaulieu-sur-Mer on the French Riviera.
    (AP, 3/25/19)

2019        Mar 25, In France around 20 people were arrested late today after gangs of vigilantes attacked camps of ethnic Roma people in northeast Paris after false reports that they were responsible for abductions in the area using white vans.
    (AFP, 3/28/19)
2019        Mar 25, Chinese President Xi Jinping signed multibillion-dollar deals on energy, the food industry, transport and other sectors as well as a bilateral statement on climate change during his state visit to France. Jinping received the full honors of a formal reception during his state visit that included attending the signing of a multi-billion dollar deal between European aircraft maker Airbus to China. Jinping agreed to work with European leaders to seek fairer international trade rules and to address the world's economic and security challenges.
    (AP, 3/25/19)(AP, 3/26/19)

2019        Mar 28, A French court granted bail to Belhassen Trabelsi, a brother-in-law of ousted Tunisian leader Zine El-Abidine Ben Ali, who was arrested on fraud charges this month after three years on the run.
    (AFP, 3/28/19)

2019        Mar 29, In France Jawad Bendaoud was convicted on appeal of hiding Islamic State jihadist Abdelhamid Abaaoud and his accomplice Chakib Akrouh, who holed up after the November 13, 2015, attacks in Bendaoud's apartment in the Paris suburb of Saint-Denis. He was sentenced to four years in prison.
    (AFP, 3/29/19)

2019        Mar 30, French "yellow vests" demonstrators staged their 20th week of anti-government protests despite bans in hotspot areas, as banks called for an end to violence against branches, cash machines and personnel.
    (AFP, 3/30/19)

2019        Apr 1, French officials said five residents at a retirement home have died and around a dozen others are in a serious condition after a suspected case of mass food poisoning at the privately operated Cheneraie residence in Lherm, a town south of Toulouse.
    (AFP, 4/1/19)

2019        Apr 3, French carmaker Renault said it had flagged to judicial authorities serious problems with the expenses of Carlos Ghosn after during his time as chairman of the company.
    (AP, 4/3/19)

2019        Apr 5, President Emmanuel Macron appointed nine researchers to carry out a two-year investigation into the role of the French army in the Rwandan genocide that is still a source of tension between Paris and Kigali 25 years later.
    (Reuters, 4/5/19)
2019        Apr 5, In France G7 foreign ministers adopted joint commitments to better handle the world's top security challenges. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen stayed at home citing domestic duties and Washington sent lower-ranking officials instead.
    (Reuters, 4/5/19)
2019        Apr 5, France said it will airlift 12 tons of humanitarian aid, including 114 pumps, to flood-hit regions in Iran.
    (Reuters, 4/5/19)

2019        Apr 6, In France G7 foreign ministers wrapped up a two-day meeting in the seaside resort of Dinard. They urged a greater role for women in solving conflicts, saying that peace settlements with female involvement were more likely to endure. The G7 were unable to bridge differences on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and how to deal with Iran.
    (AP, 4/6/19)(AFP, 4/6/19)

2019        Apr 8, French PM Edouard Philippe argued that the government must implement bold tax cuts in response to the "yellow vest" protests, as he revealed the results of a major public consultation on the crisis.
    (AFP, 4/8/19)

2019        Apr 9, Frenchman Serge Dieujuste (44), who received compensation over a 1995 terror attack in Paris, was sent to jail after pretending he was at the scene of the November 2015 assault on the city by Islamic State gunmen. Around 15 people have been found guilty of fraud for trying to claim compensation from the compensation fund set up to help people who suffered physical or psychological injuries in the attacks.
    (AFP, 4/10/19)

2019        Apr 13, In France "Yellow vest" demonstrators clashed with riot police in the city of Toulouse as President Emmanuel Macron prepared a series of policy announcements aimed at quelling 22 consecutive weekends of anti-government protests.
    (Reuters, 4/13/19)
2019        Apr 13, Malta announced a deal to distribute 64 migrants rescued at sea off Libya 10 days ago among four European Union nations: Germany, France, Portugal and Luxembourg. The German-flagged aid ship carrying them, the Alan Kurdi, will still not be allowed to enter its ports and none of the migrants will remain in Malta.
    (AP, 4/13/19)

2019        Apr 15, A leaked intelligence report published by investigative website Disclose showed that French arms including tanks and laser-guided missile systems sold to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are being used in the Yemeni war against civilians. The report was written by France's DRM military intelligence agency.
    (Reuters, 4/15/19)
2019        Apr 15, In France Notre-Dame de Paris cathedral went up in flames this evening, a blaze that devastated the Parisian landmark. President Emmanuel Macron pledged to rebuild the gothic masterpiece.
    (Reuters, 4/16/19)

2019        Apr 16, Pledges from French billionaires, businesses and the public sector to help rebuild Notre-Dame cathedral reached nearly 700 million euros (790 million dollars) amid an outpouring of public support for one of Europe's most iconic monuments.
    (AFP, 4/16/19)
2019        Apr 16, Speaking at the EU Parliament in Strasburg, France, Swedish teenage environmental activist Greta Thunberg said time is running out to halt climate change and urged European politicians "to panic".
    (AP, 4/16/19)

2019        Apr 18, In France an appeals court in Paris raised Abdelkader Merah's sentence from 20 years to 30 after finding him guilty of complicity to murder for his involvement in the horrific March, 2012., attack in the Toulouse area that killed seven people.
    (AP, 4/19/19)

2019        Apr 19, French police officers called for an urgent meeting with Interior minister Christophe Castaner after two of their colleagues killed themselves this week, taking the number of suicides in police ranks to 28 since the start of the year. 68 French officers took their own lives in 2018.
    (AP, 4/19/19)
2019        Apr 19, In France Greenpeace climate activists blocked thousands of employees from entering the headquarters of bank Societe Generale, state-run utility EDF and oil giant Total. Activists also obstructed the entrance to the environment ministry near La Defense business district.
    (Reuters, 4/19/19)
2019        Apr 19, A Paris court dismissed a 2016 defamation case against six women who accused a former French lawmaker of sexual misconduct and the journalists who reported the allegations. The court ordered Denis Baupin to pay 1,000 euros ($1,120) in damages to each of the 12 people he sued.
    (AP, 4/19/19)

2019        Apr 20, In France clashes broke out between dozens of demonstrators and police in Paris on the 23rd Saturday of yellow-vest protests after authorities warned that rioters could return to the French capital to spark a new wave of violence.
    (Reuters, 4/20/19)

2019        Apr 23, France's top administrative court rejected demands by Syria-based French women to be repatriated back to France, arguing that a judge could not rule on the issue given it involved negotiations with foreign authorities.
    (Reuters, 4/23/19)

2019        Apr 24, France held its first "national day of commemoration of the Armenian genocide." French PM Edouard Philippe declared France wanted to contribute to having the massacre internationally recognized as a crime against humanity.
    (AP, 4/27/19)   
2019        Apr 24, Libyan PM Fayez al-Sarraj, head of the internationally-recognized government in Tripoli, angrily denounced France for supporting rival Khalifa Haftar, underlining the growing diplomatic tensions over the recent fighting there.
    (AFP, 4/24/19)

2019        Apr 25, French President Emmanuel Macron promised a new round of tax cuts worth 5.0 billion euros ($5.5 billion) as part of a raft of measures in answer to five months of anti-government street protests over the high cost of living.
    (AFP, 4/26/19)

2019        Apr 26, French pharmaceutical giant Sanofi said the European Medicines Agency had conditionally approved its anti-cancer drug Libtayo, the first drug of its kind to be authorized for use in the EU. The tumor-reducing drug is aimed at patients with the second most common form of skin cancer, cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC), whose cancer is advanced, and who are not candidates for surgery or radiation therapy.
    (AFP, 4/27/19)

2019        Apr 27, In France "yellow vest" demonstrations took place for the 214th consecutive week to challenge the economic policies of Pres. Emmanuel Macron.
    (SSFC, 4/28/19, p.A3)

2019        Apr 29, The French government opened a suicide prevention unit for police officers after a sharp rise in the number taking their own lives since the start of this year.
    (AFP, 4/29/19)
2019        Apr 29, In France diplomats from 130 nations gathered in Paris to validate a grim UN assessment of the state of Nature and lay the groundwork for a rescue plan for life on Earth.
    (AP, 4/29/19)
2019        Apr 29, French authorities seized half a ton of cocaine worth around 40 million euros ($44.9 million) in the northern port of Dunkirk in a container ship carrying bananas that had traveled from the small South American nation of Suriname.
    (Reuters, 5/14/19)

2019        May 1, In France tens of thousands of labor union and "yellow vest" protesters were on the streets across the country. Dozens of masked and hooded anarchists clashed with riot police in southern Paris, burning bins, smashing property and hurling projectiles, hijacking a May Day rally that was focused on protesting against President Emmanuel Macron's policies.
    (AP, 5/1/19)

2019        May 2, France and Germany unveiled details of a plan to create a leading electric battery industry in Europe, from the extraction of raw materials to recycling.
    (AP, 5/2/19)

2019        May 4, In France demonstrators marched for a 25th straight weekend. Several dozen rallied at Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport to denounce privatization plans.
    (SSFC, 5/5/19, p.A4)
2019        May 4, In France a Norwegian student filed a complaint for alleged rape in a fire hall in the Plaisance district of southern Paris. French newspaper Le Parisien reported that the woman told police she had consensual sex with one firefighter but then was raped by several others. Six firefighters faced charges in a following investigation.
    (AP, 5/06/19)

2019        May 7, In France Jean Vanier (90), a Canadian religious figure whose charity work helped improve conditions for the developmentally disabled in multiple countries over the past half-century, died in Paris. A visit to a psychiatric hospital prompted him to found L'Arche in 1964 as an alternative living environment where those with developmental disabilities could be full-fledged participants in the community instead of patients. It was later reported that Vanier had sexual relations with at least six women that were "manipulative," "coercive" or "non-consensual".
    (AP, 5/07/19)(Econ., 2/29/20, p.41)

2019        May 9, French unions held strikes and protests against 120,000 job cuts and other deep changes to France's huge public sector by Pres. Emmanuel Macron's government.
    (AP, 5/09/19)
2019        May 9, A French human rights group sought to block the loading of weapons onto a Saudi Arabian vessel that is due to dock in northern France later in the day, arguing the cargo contravened an international arms treaty.
    (Reuters, 5/09/19)

2019        May 10, In northern Burkina Faso French special forces freed two French hostages, an American and a South Korean in an overnight military raid in which two French soldiers died. French tourists, identified as Patrick Picque and Laurent Lassimouillas, had disappeared while on holiday in the remote Pendjari National Park in Benin on May 1.
    (AFP, 5/10/19)

2019        May 11, In France "Yellow vest" protesters gathered in Paris and other cities for the 26th straight week of rallies against President Emmanuel Macron, with scattered incidents of violence but overall a marked decline in the size of the crowds.
    (AFP, 5/12/19)

2019        May 13, The wife of Meng Hongwei, the former Interpol president jailed in China, said France has granted her refugee status.
    (AP, 5/13/19)

2019        May 14, Mali urged the European Union to step up support for Africa's Sahel countries amid a series of extremist attacks, as France mourned two officers killed during a hostage rescue mission in the region.
    (AP, 5/14/19)
2019        May 14, In NYC an 1890 Claude Monet painting from his celebrated "Meules" (Haystacks) series fetched $110.7 million in a Sotheby’s auction, a record for the French Impressionist master.
    (AFP, 5/15/19)(SFC, 6/12/19, p.A6)

2019        May 15, In France world leaders and tech bosses met in Paris to find ways to stop terrorist use of social media to spread deadly ideas.
    (AP, 5/15/19)

2019        May 16, In France ETA kingpin Josu Ternera (69), aka Jose Antonio Urrutikoetxea, described by Spain as the Basque separatist group's most wanted fugitive, was arrested after more than 16 years in hiding from court orders served in both countries.
    (Reuters, 5/16/19)

2019        May 18, In France actress Eva Longoria said restrictive abortion laws passed in Alabama and Missouri are a threat to women, with stars set to protest against the bans on the Cannes red carpet.
    (AFP, 5/18/19)

2019        May 20, In France doctors began to turn off the life support systems for Vincent Lambert (42) in a hugely controversial case. He had suffered severe brain damage from a traffic accident in 2008. Lambert's wife and five siblings believed the most humane course was to let him die. Hours after doctors stopped feeding Lambert, a Paris court ordered a freeze on previous rulings while the UN committee considers the case, a process that could take years. Feeding resumed the next day. On June 28 the Court of Cassation gave doctors permission to restart procedures to stop feeding and hydrating.
    (AP, 5/20/19)(AP, 5/21/19)(SFC, 6/29/19, p.A2)

2019        May 22, In France Libyan commander Khalifa Hifter held meetings with French President Emmanuel Macron amid growing international concern about his weeks-long offensive to take Libya's capital, Tripoli.
    (AP, 5/22/19)

2019        May 24, In France 13 people suffered mostly minor injuries after a suspect deposited a paper bag containing an explosive device that went off in the city of Lyon. Days later police arrested four suspects following a blast in Lyon. A suspect identified as Mohamed Hichem M. was arrested on May 27. On May 31 a prosecutor said the suspect had pledged allegiance to the Islamic State.
    (AP, 5/25/19)(AP, 5/27/19)(SFC, 6/1/19, p.A4)

2019        May 25, In France South Korean director Bong Joon-ho's raucous social satire "Parasite," about a poor family of hustlers who find jobs with a wealthy family, won the Cannes Film Festival's top award, the Palme d'Or.
    (AP, 5/25/19)

2019        May 26, The far-right National Rally party led by Marine Le Pen finished top in European elections in France. Her National Rally (RN) received 23.31 percent of the vote, with Macron's centrist alliance trailing with 22.41 percent.
    (AFP, 5/27/19)

2019        May 27, Fiat Chrysler proposed to merge with France's Renault to create the world's third-biggest automaker and combine their investments in the race to make new electric and autonomous vehicles. Renault welcomed the idea.
    (AP, 5/27/19)s
2019        May 27, In France workers at a northern factory that makes a quarter of the world's Nutella began striking for more pay. The Villers-Ecalles factory is privately-owned Italian confectionery giant Ferrero.
    (AFP, 6/3/19)
2019        May 27, A Baghdad court sentenced another former French fighter with the Islamic State group to death, the fourth Frenchman to get the capital punishment so far in Iraq, and postponed the verdict for a fifth man after he testified to being tortured in detention. Seven French citizens accused of supporting the Islamic State were given the death sentence this week in seven trials over four days.
    (AP, 5/27/19)(SFC, 5/30/19, p.A4)

2019        May 31, In France Ian Bailey (62), a British man on trial in Paris in absentia over the 1996 killing of a French woman in Ireland, was handed a 25-year prison sentence by judges, who issued a new arrest warrant in a bid to put him in jail.
    (AFP, 6/1/19)

2019        Jun 4, A French government report said France's weapons sales to Saudi Arabia rose 50 pct. in 2018 despite the government calling for an end to the "dirty war" in Yemen.
    (Reuters, 6/4/19)

2019        Jun 6, In northern France President Donald Trump told the US's rattled allies that the bonds between them were "unbreakable" as they marked the 75th anniversary of the D-Day landings.
    (AFP, 6/6/19)
2019        Jun 6, Italy-based Fiat Chrysler's withdrew a merger offer with French carmaker Renault on fundamental differences over when Renault's long-time alliance partner, Nissan, would be brought in.
    (AP, 6/6/19)

2019        Jun 7, Three rescuers from the French lifeboat service died when their vessel capsized in rough seas caused by storm Miguel pummeling the country's Atlantic.
    (AFP, 6/7/19)(AP, 6/8/19)

2019        Jun 10, Twelve orphaned children of French jihadists were flown home from camps in Syria, along with two Dutch orphans who were handed over to the Netherlands.
    (AFP, 6/10/19)

2019        Jun 11, In France a man on an electric scooter died early today after being hit late yesterday by a van in Paris in the first deadly collision with a vehicle since they appeared on the streets of the French capital a year ago.
    (Reuters, 6/11/19)
2019        Jun 11, Three French jihadists and their nine children returned to France after being expelled by Turkey.
    (AFP, 6/11/19)

2019        Jun 12, French PM Edouard Philippe said the government would create incentives for workers to stay on the job longer than the current minimum legal retirement age of 62.
    (Reuters, 6/12/19)

2019        Jun 13, France's Marine Le Pen unveiled a new far-right group, the Identity and Democracy (ID) group, in the European Parliament, uniting eurosceptics from across the continent who aim to devolve power from Brussels back to capitals.
    (Reuters, 6/13/19)

2019        Jun 14, France and Italy forged a military shipbuilding alliance, as state-controlled Naval Group and Fincantieri signed off on a 50-50 joint venture that will bid for Franco-Italian warship projects and sell to the world market.
    (Reuters, 6/14/19)

2019        Jun 16, In France some 2,000 teenagers began trialing a new national service, a pet project of President Emmanuel Macron.
    (AP, 6/16/19)
2019        Jun 16, In northern Mali allied French and Malian forces killed 20 militants in an operation in the district of Akabar where the Islamic State operates.
    (Reuters, 6/16/19)

2019        Jun 17, France, Germany and Spain unveiled a next-generation combat jet for European air forces, an ambitious project aimed at bringing together the continent's disparate military forces while offering an alternative to American planes. The stealth jet is part of the Future Combat Air System (FCAS).
    (AFP, 6/17/19)
2019        Jun 17, British-founded Sotheby's said the French-Israeli telecoms and media mogul Patrick Drahi is acquiring the auction house, one of the world's biggest art brokers, in a $3.7 billion deal.
    (AFP, 6/17/19)

2019        Jun 18, Employees at Radio France turned off their microphones over plans to shed nearly 300 jobs as part of a cost-cutting effort, with many of the daily programs replaced by music.
    (AFP, 6/18/19)

2019        Jun 19, A Paris court ordered the conditional release of Jose Antonio Urrutikoetxea Bengoetxea (68), alias Josu Ternera, a former Basque separatist leader who was arrested in France last month after 16 years on the run. Ternera headed ETA from 1977 to 1992.
    (AP, 6/19/19)
2019        Jun 19, In France Electro star Philippe Zdar (52), one half of the cult French house duo Cassius, died late today after falling from a window in Paris -- two days before the release of his latest album.
    (AFP, 6/20/19)

2019        Jun 22, In France three people died and another was seriously injured in a fire that broke out early today in a building in central Paris.
    (AFP, 6/22/19)

2019        Jun 25, A French court found the state had failed to take sufficient steps to limit air pollution around Paris, following a complaint by a mother and daughter that their health had been harmed. However, the court rejected the pair's demand for 160,000 euros ($182,000) in damages, saying it could not find a direct link between their health problems and the state's failings.
    (AFP, 6/25/19)

2019        Jun 26, In Japan French President Emmanuel Macron said he and Japanese PM Shinzo Abe have agreed to bolster naval defense ties in the Indo-Pacific region and shared concerns about growing tensions in the Middle East.
    (AP, 6/26/19)

2019        Jun 28, In France a video showed at least two officers spraying protesters at close range with cans of teargas during a protest in Paris by the "Extinction Rebellion" group over the government's environment policies.
    (AFP, 7/1/19)
2019        Jun 28, The temperature in France surpassed 45 degrees Celsius (113 degrees Fahrenheit) for the first time on record as Europe sweltered in an early summer heatwave. Temperatures in the southern Gard region hit an all-time high of 45.9 degrees Celsius (114.62°F), hotter than in California's Death Valley, sparking scores of fires that burned 550 hectares of land and destroyed several homes and vehicles. At least two deaths linked to the heatwave were reported in Spain.
    (AFP, 6/28/19)(AP, 6/30/19)
2019        Jun 28, Frenchman Jean-Claude Romand (65), who killed his parents, wife and children after pretending to be a successful doctor for two decades in a case that inspired a book and films, was released after 26 years in jail and immediately moved into a monastery.
    (AFP, 6/28/19)

2019        Jun 29, In southern France hundreds of firefighters battled to contain wildfires as a stifling heatwave brought record-breaking temperatures to parts of Europe, killing at least three people in Italy.
    (Reuters, 6/29/19)

2019        Jul 1, Paris authorities reintroduced rent controls in a bid to get a grip on the spiraling cost of living in the City of Light.
    (AFP, 7/1/19)
2019        Jul 1, Paris banned all diesel vehicles aged 13 years or over from the city center, the latest move in a campaign to tackle pollution on the city's streets.
    (AFP, 7/1/19)

2019        Jul 2, France said it was "not ready" to ratify a huge trade deal agreed by the European Union and the four South American countries of Mercosur (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay), as farmers and environmentalists step up their resistance to the accord.
    (AFP, 7/2/19)
2019        Jul 2, Romain Bail (35), a mayor in northern France, was handed a six-month suspended prison sentence for wrongly issuing parking fines to people helping migrants in the area. A police report, which was read out in court, said the mayor from the right-wing Les Republicains party had used offensive language towards migrants.
    (AFP, 7/2/19)

2019        Jul 7, The French government said it will not trigger the Iran nuclear deal's dispute resolution mechanism for now, instead giving itself one week to try to get all parties talking again after Iran decided to enrich uranium above limits agreed in 2015.
    (Reuters, 7/7/19)

2019        Jul 10, French President Emmanuel Macron's top diplomatic advisor held high-level talks in Tehran aimed at saving the 2015 nuclear deal and easing tensions between Iran and the US.
    (AFP, 7/10/19)
2019        Jul 10, France admitted that it is the owner of American-made anti-tank missiles found at a base used by Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar's Libyan National Army for its assault on Tripoli. The Army Ministry said the Javelin anti-tank guided missiles were for the "self-protection of a French military unit deployed to carry out intelligence and counter-terrorism operations" and never intended for sale or transfer to any party to Libya's conflict.
    (The Telegraph, 7/10/19)

2019        Jul 11, Frenchman Vincent Lambert (42), who was in a vegetative state for 11 years while his wife and parents disagreed over his continued medical care, died in a hospital east of Paris. A prosecutor quickly ordered an autopsy and an investigation.
    (AP, 7/11/19)

2019        Jul 14, Emmanuel Macron presided over a show of European force at France’s annual Bastille Day military parade, calling for a “Europe of defence" alongside German Chancellor Angela Merkel and leaders from the continent. French police fired tear gas to disperse protesters from Paris's Champs Elysees avenue.
    (AFP, 7/14/19)(Reuters, 7/14/19)

2019        Jul 17, In France G7 finance chiefs cast a cloud over prospects for Facebook's Libra digital coin, insisting tough regulatory problems would have to be worked out first.
    (Reuters, 7/17/19)

2019        Jul 18, Russian President Vladimir Putin and French leader Emmanuel Macron agreed via phone on the need to "consolidate efforts" to save the Iran nuclear deal following months of soaring tensions.
    (AP, 7/18/19)

2019        Jul 23, France's parliament approved the EU-Canada trade agreement with a relatively small majority, meaning that a significant part of President Emmanuel Macron's party voted against it. France became the 14th EU country to approve CETA, which provisionally took effect from September 2017, but still needs to be approved by all 28 EU member states.
    (Reuters, 7/23/19)

2019        Jul 25, Soaring temperatures broke records in Germany, France, Britain and the Netherlands as a heatwave gripped Europe for the second time in a month. The Paris area recorded 108.7 degrees F; 105.3 F in the Netherlands; 105.3 F in Belgium; 108.7 F in Germany and 98.4 F at Heathrow Airport.
    (Reuters, 7/25/19)(SFC, 7/26/19, p.A2)

2019        Jul 27, Carlos Cruz-Diez (b.1923), a Venezuelan artist who shaped the field of kinetic and optical art during the 20th century, died in Paris. He moved to France in 1960 after studying at Caracas' School of Fine Arts.
    (Reuters, 7/30/19)

2019        Jul 28, In France a woman (57) on vacation and two local residents were killed in a shooting near a service station in the southern town of Ollioules. They were apparently caught in a settling of scores late today between local drug dealers fighting for territory.
    (AP, 7/29/19)

2019        Jul 29, French farmers protesting at a trade deal with Canada vandalized the office of a lawmaker from Emmanuel Macron's LREM party in the latest example of demonstrators targeting LREM premises due to discontent over the president's policies.
    (Reuters, 7/29/19)

2019        Aug 3, French police fired tear gas at protesters in Nantes as skirmishes broke out on the fringes of a demonstration and tributes to a young concert-goer who disappeared and drowned in the city. The body of Steve Canico (24) was found in the Loire river July 30, 38 days after a run-in between police and late-night revelers by the riverbank in Nantes.
    (Reuters, 8/3/19)

2019        Aug 4, French inventor Franky Zapata succeeded in crossing the English Channel on a jet-powered hoverboard he designed, zooming over the Strait of Dover in just over 20 minutes.
    (Reuters, 8/5/19)

2019        Aug 8, France's interior and foreign ministries said 31 Yazidi families arrived today in the southern city of Toulouse from Irbil, Iraq. Previous groups of 16 and 28 families had arrived in December and May.
    (AP, 8/8/19)

2019        Aug 20, In France shots were fired and several people injured late today as a group of assailants armed with guns and baseball bats stormed the set of a music video by controversial French rapper Booba.
    (AFP, 8/21/19)

2019        Aug 22, French insurer AXA said electric luxury cars and sport utility vehicles (SUVs) may be 40% more likely to cause accidents than their standard engine counterparts, possibly because drivers are still getting used to their quick acceleration.
    (Reuters, 8/22/19)
2019        Aug 22, A French union representative said BNP Paribas plans to cut around 500 jobs at its securities services arm, as the bank seeks to reduce costs and retain competitiveness.
    (Reuters, 8/22/19)
2019        Aug 22, Paris and the UN called for the protection of the fire-plagued Amazon rainforest as Brazil's right-wing president accused his French counterpart of having a "colonialist mentality" over the issue.
    (AFP, 8/22/19)

2019        Aug 23, Aids of Pres. Emmanuel Macron said France will now block the Mercosur (Free Trade Agreement with the EU. Macron has accused his Brazilian counterpart Jair Bolsonaro of lying to him at the G20 summit earlier this year on Brazil's stance on climate change. Brazilian federal experts have reported a record number of wildfires across the country this year, up 84 percent over the same period in 2018.
    (The Telegraph, 8/23/19)
2019        Aug 23, In France major fashion companies from around the world said they had signed a pact which they would present at this week's G7 summit to help protect the environment.
    (Reuters, 8/23/19)
2019        Aug 23, France delayed the planned signing of a pledge by Internet platforms to fight hate speech online amid pressure from the United States. A French minister said that he was still hopeful the US will join the initiative.
    (Reuters, 8/24/19)

2019        Aug 24, In France thousands of anti-globalization and environmental activists joined yellow vest protesters and Basque separatists near the coastal resort of Biarritz to demand action from G7 and other world leaders set to meet there.
    (Reuters, 8/24/19)

2019        Aug 25, French President Emmanuel Macron said he had not been given a formal mandate from G7 leaders to pass messages to Iran, but that he would continue to hold talks with Tehran in the coming weeks to defuse tensions.
    (Reuters, 8/25/19)
2019        Aug 25, G7 leaders meeting in France said they are preparing to help Brazil battle fires burning across the Amazon region and repair the damage as tens of thousands of soldiers got ready to join the fight against blazes that have caused global alarm.
    (AP, 8/25/19)
2019        Aug 25, US President Donald Trump backed British PM Boris Johnson as the "right man" for Brexit and sent mixed signals about his trade war with China at a G7 summit in France dominated by worries about the global economy.
    (AFP, 8/25/19)

2019        Aug 26, It was reported that French and US negotiators have reached a compromise agreement on France's new digital services tax, a levy which prompted US President Donald Trump to threaten a separate tax on French wine imports.
    (Reuters, 8/26/19)(Econ., 1/9/21, p.58)
2019        Aug 26, France issued a short statement at the end of a meeting of G7 leaders on several issues, but it was not a communique along the lines of those usually drawn up at the annual summit, reflecting divisions.
    (Reuters, 8/26/19)
2019        Aug 26, US Pres. Donald Trump failed to attend a meeting about climate change and biodiversity attended by other world leaders at the G7. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said that the world faces "a dramatic climate emergency." He urged leaders at a Sept. 23 summit in New York to agree to cut greenhouse gas emissions by more than they promised in the 2015 Paris climate accord. Guterres said that Greenland's ice cap was melting "dramatically" and that 2015 through 2019 were "the five hottest years on record".
    (AP, 8/26/19)
2019        Aug 26, US President Donald Trump said that he had agreed to the Iranian foreign minister flying in for a G7 summit and insisted he was not seeking regime change in Tehran -- a change of tone that could lower tensions.
    (AFP, 8/26/19)

2019        Aug 30, It was reported that a Paris suburb is trying out a new system that can identify noisy vehicles, pinpoint their location and automatically ticket them. The device has been installed on a lamppost in the center of Villeneuve-le-Roi, a town next to Paris Orly airport.
    (Reuters, 8/30/19)

2019        Aug 31, In France an Afghan man in a "psychotic state" and on drugs committees multiple stabbings that killed one person and injured eight others in the Lyon suburb of Villeurbanne.
    (AP, 9/1/19)

2019        Sep 1, In France a computer breakdown briefly disrupted all air traffic and caused a cascade of delayed flights in multiple countries, the last day of European summer holidays.
    (AP, 9/1/19)

2019        Sep 2, French and Iranian experts huddled in Paris as the clock ticked on an end-of-the-week deadline for Europe to come up with a way for Iran to sell its oil despite US sanctions. Russia said it welcomed French efforts to save the Iran nuclear deal as Moscow and Tehran blamed US policies for Middle East tensions.
    (AP, 9/2/19)(AFP, 9/2/19)
2019        Sep 2, France proposed offering Iran credit lines worth about $15 billion until the end of the year in return for Tehran coming fully back into compliance with its 2015 nuclear deal, an offer that hinges on Washington not blocking it.
    (Reuters, 9/3/19)

2019        Sep 8, France's health ministry said heatwaves in June and July caused about 1,500 more deaths than usual over that period, though the figure was far lower than in the summer of 2003.
    (Reuters, 9/8/19)

2019        Sep 12, A French court found Princess Hessa bint Salman, the only daughter of Saudi Arabia's King Salman, guilty of complicity in violence for ordering her bodyguard to detain and strike a plumber in 2016 for taking photos at the Saudi royal family's apartment in Paris. The court also found the bodyguard, Rani Saida, guilty on charges of violence, sequestration and theft.
    (AP, 9/12/19)
2019        Sep 12, Google said it has agreed to pay close to 1 billion euros ($1.10 billion) to French authorities to settle a fiscal fraud probe that began four years ago in a deal that may create a legal precedent for other large tech companies present in the country.
    (Reuters, 9/12/19)
2019        Sep 12, Belgian and French researchers said they have detected high accumulations of industrial fluids and mercury in the blubber and skin of the rare bottlenose dolphins off the northwest coast of France.
    (AP, 9/12/19)

2019        Sep 13, In France the biggest strike in more than a decade hit Paris public transport. Unions were protesting pension reform plans by the government of Pres. Emmanuel Macron.
    (SFC, 9/14/19, p.A2)
2019        Sep 13, French authorities banned the owners of Mischa, a sick bear, from displaying the animal in public shows after an inspection found that it suffered from severe health problems and was being held under poor conditions.
    (AP, 9/13/19)

2019        Sep 14, In France hundreds of demonstrators faced police in a tense stand-off in the city of Nantes as revived "yellow vest" protests against the government of President Emmanuel Macron took place across the country.
    (Reuters, 9/14/19)

2019        Sep 21, French police fired tear gas and made over a hundred arrests in Paris as they dispersed "yellow vest" protesters attempting unauthorized rallies and black-masked demonstrators who disrupted a climate march.
    (Reuters, 9/21/19)

2019        Sep 26, Two-term French president Jacques Chirac (86) died after a long battle with ill-health. The statesman had famously said "non" to the 2003 Iraq war.
    (AP, 9/26/19)

2019        Sep 27, The French government said it has pledged to cut taxes for households next year to the tune of 9 billion euros ($9.8 billion), a spending boost that has its roots in the yellow vest movement that broke out last winter.
    (AP, 9/27/19)

2019        Oct 3, In France an IT assistant (45) at the police headquarters in central Paris went on a knife rampage inside the building, killing three police officers and an administrative worker before he was shot dead by an officer. The man had converted to Islam 18 months earlier.
    (Reuters, 10/3/19)(SFC, 10/5/19, p.A2)

2019        Oct 10, The Paris-based World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) said France has detected a low-pathogenic H5 bird flu virus on a duck farm in the center of the country.
    (Reuters, 10/10/19)

2019        Oct 12, France said it is halting exports of any arms to Turkey that could be used in its offensive against Kurds in Syria, and wants an immediate meeting of the US-led coalition against Islamic State extremists.
    (AP, 10/12/19)

2019        Oct 16, A Paris zoo showcased a mysterious new organism, dubbed the "blob", a yellowish unicellular small living being which looks like a fungus but acts like an animal. The blob has almost 720 sexes, can move without legs or wings and heals itself in two minutes if cut in half.
    (Reuters, 10/16/19)

2019        Oct 18, French President Emmanuel Macron led a group of leaders who blocked opening talks with Albania and North Macedonia, despite concerns over increasing Chinese and Russian influence in the Balkans.
    (Reuters, 10/19/19)
2019        Oct 18, French drugmaker Sanofi SA said it would recall popular heartburn medicine Zantac in the United States and Canada, after the medicines were linked with a probable cancer-causing impurity.
    (Reuters, 10/18/19)
2019        Oct 18, In France a wildcat strike severely disrupted train travel around the coutnry as railway workers demanded better security after a recent accident left 11 people injured.
    (SFC, 10/19/19, p.A2)

2019        Oct 19, Thousands of people in the German city of Cologne and in the French capital demonstrated against Turkey's offensive in northern Syria.
    (AP, 10/19/19)

2019        Oct 24, Rich countries gathered in France to discuss replenishing an international fund that is meant to help poor nations tackle climate change, but which is falling short of its targets because the US has stopped contributing. The Green Climate Fund has spent much of the $7 billion it received from governments in the past five years. Donor governments pledged $9.8 billion in fresh financing for the Green Climate Fund, set up to help developing nations tackle global warming.
    (AP, 10/24/19)(Reuters, 10/25/19)

2019        Oct 27, French auction house Acteon said "Christ Mocked," a long-lost painting by 13th century Italian master Cimabue, found earlier this year in the kitchen of an elderly French woman, was sold for 24 million euros ($26.6 million), more than four times the pre-auction estimate.
    (Reuters, 10/27/19)

2019        Oct 28, France-based LVMH offered to buy Tiffany & Co, known for its engagement rings and ties to Hollywood glamor. The owner of Louis Vuitton and Bulgari sought to expand in jewelry, one of the fastest-growing parts of the luxury goods market.
    (Reuters, 10/28/19)

2019        Oct 31, Fiat Chrysler and Peugeot owner PSA said they plan to join forces in a 50-50 share merger to create the world's fourth-largest automaker, seeking scale to cope with costly new technologies and slowing global demand.
    (Reuters, 10/31/19)
2019        Oct 31, The French-based Sanofi company slashed the price of a key anti-tuberculosis drug boosting the battle against the world's deadliest infectious disease, as a new treatment was also set to begin extensive testing.
    (AFP, 10/31/19)

2019        Nov 5, Air France-KLM outlined plans to expand its budget Transavia business and push the core French carrier upmarket, while overhauling its fleet in pursuit of improved sales and profitability.
    (Reuters, 11/5/19)

2019        Nov 7, French police dismantled makeshift migrant camps in areas underneath suburban highways in northeast Paris. 1,606 people were evacuated. The operation, the biggest in over a year, came one day after a French government pledge to "take back control" of immigration.
    (AP, 11/7/19)

2019        Nov 9, French bishops voted in favor of a plan to offer payments to people who were sexually abused as children by members of the Catholic clergy.
    (Reuters, 11/9/19)

2019        Nov 16, French police fired water cannon and fired tear gas in Paris to drive back protesters marking the first anniversary of anti-government "yellow vest" demonstrations.
    (Reuters, 11/16/19)

2019        Nov 17, In France yellow vest activists staged peaceful demonstrations across the country, a day after scuffles between Paris police and protesters marred the anniversary of their movement for economic justice.
    (AP, 11/17/19)   
2019        Nov 17, A French damning justice ministry report said police missed opportunities to save the lives of 41 per cent of women murdered in France by current or former partners.
    (tt, 11/17/19)

2019        Nov 23, In France tens of thousands of people took the streets of Paris and other cities to protest against domestic violence, after more than 130 women are believed to have been killed by their partner or ex-partner in France this year.
    (Reuters, 11/23/19)

2019        Nov 24, At least two people were killed in France and a landslide collapsed a stretch of elevated highway in Italy, leaving cars perched perilously on a precipice as heavy rains pounded the region over the weekend.
    (AP, 11/24/19)

2019        Nov 25, Officials said at least seven people have died as heavy rain slammed the Riviera coasts of France and Italy, trapping travelers in their cars, as well as parts of western Greece.
    (AP, 11/25/19)
2019        Nov 25, It was reported that Louis Vuitton owner LVMH has agreed to buy Tiffany for $16.2 billion in its biggest acquisition yet, as the French luxury goods maker bets it can restore the U.S. jeweler's luster by investing in stores and new collections.
    (Reuters, 11/25/19)
2019        Nov 25, In Mali 13 French soldiers were killed late today when two helicopters collided while fighting insurgents in the country's restive north. This was the heaviest single loss for the French military in nearly four decades.
    (The Telegraph, 11/26/19)

2019        Dec 1, A helicopter crash killed three French rescuers on a mission to save people trapped by floods, and two others were also killed in in heavy rains that pounded France’s Mediterranean coast in a second week of deadly flooding in the region.
    (AP, 12/2/19)

2019        Dec 4, President Emmanuel Macron demanded West African leaders of Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mauritania to dismiss growing anti-French sentiment across the region if they wanted France's military to continue its operations against Islamist militants.
    (Reuters, 12/4/19)
2019        Dec 4, The French government said it is creating a national anti-hate crime office following the discovery of anti-Semitic graffiti at a Jewish cemetery in eastern France.
    (SFC, 12/5/19, p.A2)

2019        Dec 5, French police fired tear gas at protesters in the center of Paris. Public transport ground to a near halt in one of the biggest strikes in France for decades, aimed at forcing President Emmanuel Macron to ditch a planned reform of pensions.
    (AP, 12/5/19)

2019        Dec 6, French PM Edouard Philippe said he was sticking with plans to reform the country's pension system but insisted change would be gradual and "not brutal".
    (Reuters, 12/6/19)
2019        Dec 6, French unions continued to bring rail, bus and metro systems to a standstill in protest over the government's planned pension reforms. Railways company SNCF said it expected rail traffic would continue to be heavily disrupted through the weekend and Dec. 9, based on statements from transport unions.
    (AP, 12/6/19)

2019        Dec 7, In France truckers blocked roads in about 10 regions to protest against a planned reduction in tax breaks on diesel for road transport, while train and metro services remained heavily disrupted by a strike against pension reform. In Paris several hundred "yellow vest" protesters continued their weekly demonstrations over the cost of living.
    (Reuters, 12/7/19)

2019        Dec 8, In France travel tangles continued for a fourth day as strikes kept most trains at a standstill. PM Edouard Philippe held special meetins about the government's divisive redesign of the national retirement system.
    (SFC, 12/9/19, p.A2)

2019        Dec 9, In France the leaders of Russia, Ukraine, Germany and France met in Paris to discuss a peace settlement for Ukraine’s war-ravaged east for the first time in more than three years. Ukraine's Pres. Volodymyr Zelenskiy made clear at the talks that Ukraine must regain control of its eastern border before elections can take place in the disputed region as part of a peace accord. Russia's Pres. Putin said the elections must come first. Participating leaders agreed to implement a comprehensive ceasefire and hold a major prisoner exchange between the Ukrainian government and the separatists.
    (The Telegraph, 12/9/19)(Bloomberg, 12/10/19)(The Telegraph, 12/10/19)

2019        Dec 11, France's PM Edouard Philippe outlined an overhaul of France's byzantine pension system that he said would be fairer and plug a gaping deficit in the pension budget. People born after 1974 would have to work until the age of 64 to get a full pension, instead of 62 previously, drawing a hostile response from trade unions who said they would step up strike action to force an about-turn.
    (Reuters, 12/11/19)(SFC, 12/12/19, p.A2)

2019        Dec 13, France's Pres. Macron said that he wants the government to push ahead with an overhaul of the nation's pension system despite more than a week of damaging strikes.
    (AP, 12/13/19)
2019        Dec 13, In France a man who lunged at a Paris police patrol with a knife and threatened to kill the officers was shot to death in the capital's main business district.
    (AP, 12/13/19)

2019        Dec 17, In France hundreds of thousands of protesters took to the streets across the country to protest Pres. Emmanuel Macron's unpopular pension reform plans.
    (AP, 12/18/19)

2019        Dec 18, Italian-American Fiat Chrysler and France's Peugeot maker PSA sealed a binding deal to create the world's fourth biggest carmaker.
    (Reuters, 12/18/19)

2019        Dec 20, French Pres. Emmanuel Macron met with French military personnel stationed in Ivory Coast, which shares a long border with volatile Mali and Burkina Faso.
    (AP, 12/21/19)

2019        Dec 21, France carried out its first armed drone strike, killing seven Islamic extremists in the Ouagadou forest of central Mali. French President Emmanuel Macron said French forces have killed 33 Islamic extremists in central Mali.
    (AP, 12/21/19)(AP, 12/23/19)
2019        Dec 21, French travelers and tourists were struggled to get to their destinations as the Christmas season ramped up amid continuing strikes against the government's plans to raise the retirement age to 64.
    (AP, 12/21/19)

2019        Dec 28, In France thousands of protesters opposed to the government's plan to revamp the retirement system marched through Paris, the 24th day of crippling strikes.
    (AP, 12/28/19)

2020        Jan 2, French rail strikes against government plans to reform the country's retirement system reached 29 straight days, surpassing the lengths of strikes in the 1980s.
    (SFC, 1/3/20, p.A2)

2020        Jan 3, In France one man was killed and two other people seriously injured in a knife attack by an unidentified assailant in the Paris suburb of Villejuif. Police shot dead the assailant.
    (The Telegraph, 1/3/20)

2020        Jan 4, In France a businessman returned from a holiday break to find his collection of 19 top watches, including 11 Rolexes, had been swiped from a safe with police blaming “professional" criminals. Over the weekend burglars reportedly swiped more than €1 million (£850,000) worth of Rolex watches and other prestige timepieces in Paris.
    (The Telegraph, 1/6/20)

2020        Jan 7, In France the lifeless body of a young African stowaway was found in the landing gear of an Air France flight from Ivory Coast.
    (SFC, 1/9/20, p.A2)

2020        Jan 13, In France Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont took his seat as a member of the European Parliament in Strasbourg despite facing an arrest warrant against him in Spain.
    (AP, 1/13/20)

2020        Jan 14, French movie director Christophe Ruggia was taken into custody over allegations that he sexually assaulted a teenage girl who was cast in one of his movies nearly two decades ago. Actress Adele Haenel, who is now 31, has alleged that Ruggia assaulted and harassed her between 2001 and 2004 after she was cast in a Ruggia-directed movie called "Les Diables".
    (Reuters, 1/14/20)
2020        Jan 14, France's Cannes Film Festival announced that writer-director Spike Lee has been tapped to serve as the 2020 edition's jury president.
    (Good Morning America, 1/14/20)
2020        Jan 14, Britain, France and Germany triggered a dispute resolution mechanism under the already tattered 2015 nuclear deal, prompting Iran to warn them of unspecified "consequences".
    (AFP, 1/14/20)

2020        Jan 16, President Emmanuel Macron said in a speech to the French military that France has deployed a radar system on the eastern coast of Saudi Arabia to beef up its ally's defenses after missile attacks on the kingdom's oil infrastructure in September.
    (Reuters, 1/17/20)

2020        Jan 20, France and Malaysia said Malaysia has shipped 43 illegal plastic waste containers back to France as part of a crackdown on illegal trafficking of waste.
    (Reuters, 1/20/20)
2020        Jan 20, In France some subway workers in Paris ended their walkouts after six weeks of transport strikes. 5 of 16 lines were still disrupted.
    (SFC, 1/21/20, p.A2)

2020        Jan 21, In France protesting workers cut power to thousands of Parisians in an outage that lasted two hours.
    (SFC, 1/22/20, p.A2)

2020        Jan 22, French finance minister Bruno Le Maire said France and the United States have brokered a truce in their bilateral row over digital taxation but still have to hammer out how talks for a global deal should proceed.
    (Reuters, 1/22/20)

2020        Jan 28, French police clashed with firefighters protesting in Paris against their working conditions and demanding more pay.
    (Reuters, 1/28/20)

2020        Jan 29, French President Emmanuel Macron accused Turkey of breaching an agreement to halt foreign interference in Libya by sending warships and mercenaries to the country.
    (AP, 1/29/20)

2020        Jan 30, In France Imran Aliev (44), a blogger from Chechnya vocally opposed to both Vladimir Putin and Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov, died after his throat was cut in Lille. Aliev's traveling companion disappeared shortly after the murder. French police later said they believe the murder was "politically motivated".
    (AP, 2/6/20)

2020        Jan 31, French prosecutors said that European plane maker Airbus bribed public officials and hid the payments as part of a pattern of corruption that led to a record $4 billion bribery settlement with France, Britain and the United States.
    (Reuters, 1/31/20)
2020        Jan 29, Islam Alloush, whose real name is Majdi Ne'mah, was arrested in Marseille and days later handed preliminary charges linked to his activities in Syria. The one-time spokesman for the Syrian rebel faction the Army of Islam had arrived in the country on a short-term visa.
    {France, Syria}
    (AP, 2/6/20)

2020        Feb 2, France said it will deploy 600 additional soldiers in the African Sahel region to combat extremists, raising the amount of troops there to 5,100.
    (AP, 2/2/20)

2020        Feb 3, Emmanuel Macron arrived in Warsaw for the first visit to Poland by a French head of state in six years. He sought to mend relations strained by his criticism of Poland’s controversial overhaul of the judiciary and its rejection of a deal with Airbus in 2016.
    (Bloomberg, 2/3/20)

2020        Feb 7, French President Emmanuel Macron called for European nations to play a more direct role in halting a new nuclear arms race, saying they "cannot remain spectators" against a threat to the continent's collective security.
    (AFP, 2/7/20)
2020        Feb 7, French air strikes killed 20 militants in the Sahel region where Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso meet. Earlier in the week commando operations killed about ten others in the border area.
    (SSFC, 2/9/20, p.A3)

2020        Feb 8, France said it is closing two schools and tried to reassure vacationers in the Alps after five British citizens, including a 9-year-old child, contracted the new virus from China at a French ski resort.
    (AP, 2/8/20)

2020        Feb 10, In France dozens of climate activists invaded US asset manager BlackRock's office in central Paris, calling for the fund to pull out of fossil fuel investments.
    (Reuters, 2/10/20)

2020        Feb 15, French authorities said an 80-year-old Chinese tourist infected with the coronavirus has died in France, the first fatality in Europe and the fourth outside mainland China from the epidemic.
    (AP, 2/15/20)

2020        Feb 18, French President Emmanuel Macron announced measures intended to counter Islamic extremism in France by giving the government more authority over the schooling of children, the financing of mosques and the training of imams.
    (AP, 2/18/20)
2020        Feb 18, French drugmaker Sanofi said it is working with a US government agency to develop a vaccine against the new coronavirus from China, saying it could have a candidate ready for clinical trials within a year.
    (Reuters, 2/18/20)

2020        Feb 19, French PM Edouard Philippe said that the Fessenheim nuclear reactor will be shut down at the end of June.
    (SFC, 2/20/20, p.A2)

2020        Feb 20, France's hard-left unions brought workers back onto the streets in protest against President Emmanuel Macron's pension reform, but numbers were low as the fight to derail the project shifted to parliament.
    (Reuters, 2/20/20)

2020        Feb 25, In France Asia Bibi, a Christian woman from Pakistan, received her diploma as a Citizen of Honor of the city of Paris, a title awarded her in 2015. She had spent eight years on death row in Pakistan on charges of blasphemy. Bibi said she will request asylum in France
    (SFC, 2/26/20, p.A2)

2020        Feb 26, A second person died in France overnight as health officials tried to find out how the college teacher, who had not visited any country with a known outbreak, had caught the new coronavirus disease.
    (Reuters, 2/26/20)

2020        Feb 28, In France a major fire was reported ongoing in the area of the Gare de Lyon railway station in southeastern Paris.
    (Reuters, 2/28/20)
2020        Feb 28, The US Justice Department announced that France-based Sanofi SA has agreed to pay $11.85 million to resolve US allegations that it used a charity that helps cover Medicare patients' out-of-pocket drug costs as a means to pay them kickbacks to use a high-priced multiple sclerosis drug.
    (Reuters, 2/28/20)

2020        Feb 29, French PM Edouard Philippe said the government would push its contested pension reform through parliament by decree, avoiding the need for a vote after the opposition filed more than 40,000 amendments to the draft law.
    (Reuters, 2/29/20)
2020        Feb 29, France said it is banning all indoor public gatherings of more than 5,000 people to slow the spread of coronavirus cases and recommending that people no longer greet each other with kisses.
    (AP, 2/29/20)
2020        Feb 29, In southeastern France tens of thousands of people rallied for the independence of Spain's Catalonia region. Holding the event on French territory allowed former regional president Carles Puigdemont to attend.
    (SSFC, 3/1/20, p.A4)

2020        Mar 1, France now has 100 confirmed cases. Of those, two have died. Louvre workers who guard Leonardo da Vinci's “Mona Lisa" and other masterpieces walked off the job, fearful of being contaminated by the museum’s flow of tourists from around the world.
    (Reuters, 3/1/20)(AP, 3/4/20)

2020        Mar 2, Britain's Foreign Office said Germany, France and the UK have offered a 5 million-euro ($5.6 million) package to Iran to help fight coronavirus in the country.
    (Reuters, 3/2/20)

2020        Mar 5, It was reported that France has 377 confirmed cases of coronavirus and reported two more deaths, bringing the total to six.
    (Reuters, 3/5/20)

2020        Mar 7, In France a member of the lower house was diagnosed with the virus and hospitalized. The Health Ministry said that two more people had died from the coronavirus, bringing the total death toll to 11 people. France has now 716 confirmed cases of coronavirus.
    (AP, 3/7/20)(Reuters, 3/7/20)

2020        Mar 8, In France Max von Sydow (90), the tall, blond Swedish actor who brought gravitas to arthouse dramas, horror movies and Hollywood blockbusters, died. His films included "The Seventh Seal" (1957), "Wild Strawberries" (1957), "Through a Glass Darkly" (1961), "Winter Light" (1963) "Shame" (1968) and "The Exorcist" (1973).
    (Reuters, 3/9/20)

2020        Mar 13, In France the death toll from coronavirus rose to 61.
    (Reuters, 3/13/20)
2020        Mar 13, Finland, France, Germany, Luxembourg and Portugal agreed to take in at least 1,600 migrant children in Greece traveling without their parents.
    (SSFC, 3/15/20, p.A3)

2020        Mar 14, The French government published an official decree banning all non-essential gatherings, but hundreds of protesters, some wearing protective masks, began convening outside the Montparnasse train station, chanting anti-Macron slogans. Thousands of security forces fanned out across central Paris as anti-government "Yellow Vest" protesters defied a ban on mass gatherings aimed at preventing the spread of coronavirus.
    (Reuters, 3/14/20)

2020        Mar 15, French voters went to the polls in the first round of elections to choose mayors and tens of thousands of local officials.
    (SSFC, 3/15/20, p.A3)

2020        Mar 17, French President Emmanuel Macron declared "war" on Covid-19 with a raft of measures to keep citizens in lock-down mode, including a ban on non-essential travel, just a few days after ordering business closures and shutting schools.
    (Bloomberg, 3/17/20)

2020        Mar 18, In France several hundred Amazon workers protested at one of its sites, calling on the online retailer to cease operations or make it easier for employees loath to work during the coronavirus outbreak to stay away.
    (Reuters, 3/18/20)

2020        Mar 20, France sent security forces into train stations to prevent people from traveling to their vacation homes, potentially carrying the coronavirus to the countryside or beaches where medical facilities are less robust.
    (AP, 3/22/20)

2020        Mar 21, LVMH, the world's biggest luxury goods group, said it is ordering 40 million health masks from a Chinese supplier to help France cope with the coronavirus outbreak.
    (Reuters, 3/21/20)
2020        Mar 21, Iran released French scholar Roland Marchal in a prisoner exchange between France and the Islamic Republic. France released Iranian engineer Jalal Rouhollahnejad in the exchange. The swap came after some 85,000 prisoners in Iran were released on furlough following a major outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic in the country, where it has so far killed more than 1,500 people.
    (Bloomberg, 3/21/20)

2020        Mar 22, In France fatalities due to coronavirus rise to 562. An emergency room doctor in Northern France died from Covid-19, the first medic to die in that country.
    (Bloomberg, 3/22/20)
2020        Mar 22, Cambodia reported 31 new cases of coronavirus, 29 of them among French tourists, bringing the total number of infections recorded in the country to 84. Two Cambodians who were infected had been tour guides accompanying the tourists.
    (Reuters, 3/22/20)

2020        Mar 24, The healthcare unit of French industrial gases company Air Liquide said it was ramping up production of ventilators needed by hospitals to deal with the coronavirus outbreak. France has recorded 1,100 coronavirus deaths and 22,302 cases.
    (Reuters, 3/24/20)(AFP, 3/25/20)
2020        Mar 24, In France Manu Dibango (86), a Cameroonian-born saxophonist, died with the coronavirus. He had gained international fame with his 1972 song "Soul Makossa".
    (SFC, 3/25/20, p.A2)

2020        Mar 25, France said it is pulling out its military forces from Iraq as its forces are increasingly called upon to help fight the coronavirus at home.
    (AP, 3/25/20)

2020        Mar 26, French health authorities reported 299 new deaths from coronavirus, taking the total to 1,995. A TGV bullet train transferred 20 patients on life-support systems to from Strasbourg to eastern France.
    (Reuters, 3/28/20)(Economist, 4/4/20, p.39)

2020        Mar 29, France used two high-speed TGV trains and a German military plane to move more than three dozen critically ill coronavirus patients to ease the pressure on overwhelmed hospitals in eastern France. The number of intensive care cases rose 8.4% to 4,632, its lowest daily rise in that period. The country was in virtual lockdown.
    (Reuters, 3/29/20)(Reuters, 3/30/20)

2020        Mar 30, French army helicopters transported coronavirus patients fighting for their lives from eastern France to hospitals in Germany and Switzerland as the country battled to free up space in life-support units.
    (Reuters, 3/30/20)
2020        Mar 30, French carmaker Renault put most of its white collar staff in the Ile-de-France region around Paris on partial unemployment as the lockdown imposed due to the coronavirus outbreak lowered activity.
    (Reuters, 3/30/20)
2020        Mar 30, The European Commission authorized France's scheme to support small companies and self-employed people affected by the economic crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic.
    (Reuters, 3/30/20)

2020        Apr 1, In France Jacques Joaquim Yhombi-Opango, the former president of the Republic of Congo, died in Paris from complications related to the novel coronavirus. Yhombi-Opango was an army officer who rose to power as Congo-Brazzaville's head of state in 1977, following the assassination of the previous president. He was ousted in 1979 by the country's current leader, Denis Sassou Nguesso. Yhombi-Opango served as prime minister between 1994 and 1996 during Pascal Lissouba's presidency. He fled to France in 1997.
    (ABC News, 4/1/20)
2020        Apr 1, France began publishing statistics on care-home deaths.
    (Econ., 5/9/20, p.41)

2020        Apr 2, France's Labor Ministry said French companies have asked to put nearly four million workers on state-subsidized furlough to cope with the collapse in business triggered by the coronavirus outbreak.
    (Reuters, 4/2/20)

2020        Apr 3, In France the coronavirus pandemic has claimed the lives of 5,307. Almost 60,000 people there been diagnosed with the illness, including almost 6,400 on life-support machines. Police ramped up checks at train stations and motorways to stop people breaking a national lockdown ahead of school holidays this weekend.
    (Reuters, 4/3/20)

2020        Apr 4, In France a man wielding a knife attacked residents venturing out to shop in Romans-sur-Isere, a town under lockdown south of Lyon, killing two people and wounding others. The alleged attacker was arrested by police. Prosecutors said he had no documents but claimed to be Sudanese and to have been born in 1987. Two more Sudanese suspects were soon arrested.
    (AP, 4/4/20)(SFC, 4/7/20, p.A2)

2020        Apr 5, In France the coronavirus that killed 7,560. France, like other countries, has confined its residents to home since March 17 to curb the spread of the virus. The measures have been extended until April 15, and are likely to be extended again.
    (Reuters, 4/5/20)

2020        Apr 6, France's coronavirus figures showed that the rate of increase in fatalities sped up again after several days of slowing.
    (Reuters, 4/7/20)

2020        Apr 7, In France almost 99,000 people across the country have been diagnosed with COVID-19 and nearly 9,000 of them have died.
    (ABC News, 4/7/20)

2020        Apr 8, France's Defense Ministry said its aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle is heading back to port due to a possible virus on-board outbreak of the new coronavirus. Two-thirds of crew were later said to be infected, but only half were symptomatic.
    (AP, 4/8/20)(Econ., 6/20/20, p.51)

2020        Apr 13, French President Emmanuel Macron extended a virtual lockdown to May 11.
    (Reuters, 4/14/20)

2020        Apr 14, French trade union Sud said Amazon has been ordered to limit French deliveries to essential goods only within 24 hours to allow for a deeper assessment of coronavirus risks at its sites in the country.
    (Reuters, 4/14/20)

2020        Apr 16, France recorded the most new cases in a single day. President Emmanuel Macron has extended a lockdown to May 11 and said the country was under prepared for the outbreak.
    (Bloomberg, 4/17/20)

2020        Apr 17, The French navy said it is investigating how the coronavirus infected more than 1,000 sailors aboard the aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle, amid growing pressure on government leaders to explain how it could have happened.
    (AP, 4/17/20)

2020        Apr 18, Deaths in France rose by 642 to 19,323 fatalities, the smallest increase in five days. The number of coronavirus infections rose by 5,715 to 173,956.
    (Bloomberg, 4/18/20)

2020        Apr 21, France expanded its list of drugs that face export restrictions through the coronavirus crisis despite repeated calls from the European Union to lift curbs that could cause shortages in other countries. The European Commission sent a letter on April 7 to the French government urging it to lift export restrictions on dozens of vital medicines to treat coronavirus patients. Manufacturers are exempted from the export curbs.
    (Reuters, 4/23/20)

2020        Apr 26, French energy major Total said that 14 workers including two of its staff have tested positive for the new coronavirus at its sites in Congo Republic, but output at the 190,000 barrels per day operations have not been affected.
    (Reuters, 4/26/20)

2020        Apr 27, In France a driver (29) rammed his car into police conducting an ID check. Three officers were injured in the Paris suburb of Colombes. The driver had knife in his car and a letter pledging allegiance to the Islamic State.
    (SFC, 4/29/20, p.A2)

2020        Apr 28, French PM Edouard Philippe presented plans to unwind, from May 11, a nationwide lockdown that has been in place since mid-March.
    (AP, 4/28/20)

2020        Apr 29, The European Commission approved a 5 billion euro ($5.4 billion) loan guarantee to carmaker Renault group to mitigate the impact of the coronavirus crisis.
    (Reuters, 4/29/20)

2020        Apr, French researchers reported late this month that habitual smokers were significantly underrepresented among those requiring hospital treatment for COVID-19. This suggested that something in tobacco smoke was having a protective effect.
    (Econ., 5/2/20, p.69)

2020        May 2, The French health ministry said travelers to France, including French citizens returning home, will face a compulsory two-week quarantine and possible isolation when they arrive in the country to help slow the spread of coronavirus.
    (Reuters, 5/2/20)

2020        May 4, France reported 306 new deaths from COVID-19, bringing the nationwide tally to 25,201.
    (AP, 5/5/20)

2020        May 5, In France deaths in care homes reached 9,471, nearly two-fifths of the country's official COVID-19 death toll.
    (Econ., 5/9/20, p.41)
2020        May 5, A study by French scientists suggested a man was infected with COVID-19 as early as Dec. 27, nearly a month before France confirmed its first cases.
    (Reuters, 5/5/20)

2020        May 8, In France a group of deputies quit Pres. Macron's LREM party to set up a new parliamentray group, "Ecology, Democracy, Solidarity." The 17-member faction is almost entirely composed of former Macron supporters.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecology_Democracy_Solidarity)(Econ., 7/6/20, p.43)
2020        May 8, French Resistance member Cecile Rol-Tanguy (101), who risked her life during World War II by working to liberate Paris from Nazi occupation, died at her home in Monteaux.
    (AP, 5/9/20)

2020        May 9, The number of people who have died from coronavirus infections in France rose by 80 to 26,310.
    (Reuters, 5/9/20)

2020        May 10, It was reported that a French policeman tasked with protecting VIPs is among five charged with swindling a Champagne heir out of his bubbly and fortune by convincing him he had been recruited as a secret agent. Hughes B pressed for charges in 2012 when his champagne house went into liquidation.
    (The Telegraph, 5/10/20)

2020        May 11, Turkey was denounced by ministers of five countries for drilling in an offshore area where Cyprus has exclusive economic rights. Cyprus, Greece, Egypt, France and the UAE also protested a maritime border delineation and military cooperation agreement that Turkey signed last year with Libya's UN-backed government.
    (SFC, 5/13/19, p.A3)

2020        May 14, France-based Renault said it is preparing to substantially reduce its vehicle range, withdrawing well-known but ailing models like the Espace minivans, as part of looming cost cutting plans.
    (Reuters, 5/14/20)
2020        May 14, Facebook and a team of African and global telecom majors said they have struck a deal to build one of the world's largest subsea cable networks, boosting internet availability across three continents. The 2Africa partners included South Africa's MTN GlobalConnect, Mauritius-based infrastructure provider WIOCC, China Mobile International, French telecoms major Orange SA, Saudi Arabia's stc, Telecom Egypt, and Vodafone.
    (Reuters, 5/14/20)

2020        May 15, French nurses and doctors faced off with President Emmanuel Macron at a leading Paris hospital, demanding better pay and a rethink of a once-renowned public health system that found itself quickly overwhelmed by tens of thousands of virus patients.
    (AP, 5/15/20)

2020        May 16, In France Félicien Kabuga (84), one of the most wanted suspects in the Rwandan genocide, was arrested near Paris. The businessman from the Hutu ethnic group is alleged to have been the main financier of the Hutu extremists who slaughtered 800,000 people in 1994.
    (BBC, 5/16/20)
2020        May 16, French health authorities reported 96 new coronavirus deaths, as the country eases from a two month lockdown. This brought France's total fatalities to 27,625.
    (Reuters, 5/16/20)

2020        May 18, France's highest administrative court ruled that Paris police could no longer use drones to surveil public compliance with coronavirus-related restrictions.
    (Good Morning America, 5/19/20)
2020        May 18, The leaders of France and Germany unveiled a post-covid EU recovery plan.
    (Econ., 5/23/20, p.40)

2020        May 19, French forces in Mali captured Islamic State group commander, Mohamed Mrabat. The veteran jihadist had a senior role in the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS) group.
    (BBC, 6/6/20)

2020        May 24, French authorities reported the smallest daily rise in new coronavirus cases and deaths since before a lockdown began on March 17. Confirmed cases rose by 115 to 144,921. The death toll increased by 35 to 28,367.
    (Reuters, 5/24/20)
2020        May 24, French singer Liliane Lebon (b.1917), known professionally as Lily Lian, died at Ivry-sur-Seine on the outskirts of Paris.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lily_Lian)(Econ., 6/20/20, p.78)

2020        May 27, Police in Belgium and France announced the arrests of 26 people suspected of human trafficking in the deaths of 39 Vietnamese migrants who were found in a refrigerated truck in Britain last October.
    (AP, 5/27/20)

2020        Jun 2, In France riot police fired volleys of tear gas at Paris protesters, who assembled at the city’s main courthouse despite a coronavirus-related ban on protests. And it wasn't just Floyd: the crowd also paid homage to Adama Traore, a French black man who died in police custody.
    (AP, 6/3/20)
2020        Jun 2, High-flying shares in Novacyt dropped as much as 12% after the healthcare diagnostics firm said a French regulator had decided against approving the company's coronavirus test for reimbursement by the state.
    (Reuters, 6/2/20)

2020        Jun 3, French forces killed Abdelmalek Droukdel, the Algerian leader of al-Qaeda in north Africa, along with members of his inner circle in an operation in Mali.
    (BBC, 6/6/20)

2020        Jun 6, In France protests attracted 23,000 people across the country. The May 25 death of George Floyd in Minnesota has shone a spotlight on similar French police abuses and given voice to complaints from minorities that they are frequent targets of harassment and worse from French police.
    (AP, 6/7/20)

2020        Jun 8, France’s interior minister says police will no longer conduct chokeholds that have been blamed for multiple cases of asphyxiation and prompted new criticism after George Floyd’s death. Several hundred people took a knee in front of a memorial to the abolition of slavery in the city of Nantes. Ships from Nantes are estimated to have taken some 550,000 black slaves to the colonies, according to the city’s Slavery Abolition Memorial.
    (AP, 6/8/20)

2020        Jun 11, The European Court of Human Rights ruled that France violated the freedom of expression of pro-Palestinian activists who were convicted for campaigning against Israeli goods. The protesters, led by French activist Jean-Michel Baldassi, had been convicted of incitement to economic discrimination after taking part in a 2009 demonstration at a hypermarket in the eastern French town of Illzach and handing out leaflets calling for a boycott of Israeli products.
    (AP, 6/11/20)
2020        Jun 11, Italian police unveiled a Banksy artwork that they found stashed in a farmhouse attic after it was stolen from Paris in January, 2019. It was painted in 2018 on the side of the Bataclan concert hall as a tribute to the 90 victims killed in the 2015 Islamist terrorist attack.
    (The Telegraph, 6/11/20)

2020        Jun 12, French police defied a ban on mass gatherings to protest what they see as a lack of government support, marching shoulder to shoulder on the Champs-Elysees to show their anger against new limits on arrest tactics and criticism of racism in their ranks. The protest was small but highly visible.
    (AP, 6/12/20)

2020        Jun 13, A few thousand people demonstrated in Paris to denounce police brutality and entrenched racism, as France’s minorities increasingly push back against a national doctrine of colorblindness that has failed to eradicate discrimination.
    (AP, 6/13/20)

2020        Jun 15, Under pressure from police, the French government backed away from a ban on chokeholds during arrests.
    (AP, 6/15/20)

2020        Jun 16, The French government sent police reinforcements and a top official to the Dijon region to quell four nights of unusually violent clashes between rival groups that have left at least 10 injured and cars burned and rattled the community. Local officials say it appears linked to the drug trade and tensions between members of France’s Chechen community and other groups.
    (AP, 6/16/20)

2020        Jun 17, France accused Turkey of repeated violations of the U.N. arms embargo on conflict-torn Libya and says Ankara is an obstacle to securing a ceasefire there.
    (AP, 6/18/20)

2020        Jun 20, In France hundreds of people in Paris protested against racism and police violence and in memory of Black men who died following encounters with French police or under suspicious circumstances.
    (AP, 6/20/20)

2020        Jun 22, French movie fans ventured back into cinemas for the first time since the COVID-19 lockdown, helped by a new safety feature: minions placed at intervals in the seats to ensure social distancing is observed.
    (Reuters, 6/22/20)

2020        Jun 24, The French government said it is sending aid to French Guiana amid a surge of coronavirus infections there. The territory has recorded more than 2,500 infections within its population of 300,000.
    (SFC, 6/25/20, p.A7)

2020        Jun 25, In France the Eiffel Tower reopened to visitors after its longest-ever closure in peace time: 104 days.
    (AP, 6/25/20)

2020        Jun 27, It was reported that six people have been arrested in France over the 2019 theft of an artwork by street artist Banksy commemorating the victims of the 2015 Paris attacks that was stolen from the Bataclan concert hall.
    (AFP, 6/27/20)

2020        Jun 28, France held the second round of municipal elections in 5,000 towns and cities that got postponed due to the country's coronavirus outbreak.
    (AP, 6/28/20)

2020        Jun 29, A Paris court found French former prime minister Francois Fillon guilty of having used public funds to pay his wife and children for work they never performed. His wife, Penelope Fillon, was also been found guilty as an accomplice. Mr Fillon was sentenced to five years in prison, with three years suspended. Mrs. Fillon was given a three-year suspended sentence. Both were fined €375,000 each as well.
    (The Telegraph, 6/29/20)

2020        Jun, France held local elections. Green members won nine of the biggest town halls.
    (Econ., 10/10/20, p.45)

2020        Jul 3, French President Emmanuel Macron named Jean Castex, who coordinated France’s virus reopening strategy, as the country's new prime minister, replacing Edouard Philippe, who resigned earlier in the day.
    (AP, 7/3/20)
2020        Jul 3, The Paris appeals court upheld a decision to end a years-long investigation into the plane crash that sparked Rwanda’s 1994 genocide, citing lack of sufficient evidence.
    (AP, 7/3/20)

2020        Jul 4, France said it is sending medics to its South American territory of French Guiana, where infections have surged as the virus swept neighboring Brazil.
    (AP, 7/4/20)

2020        Jul 5, In France anti-racism groups led a “de-colonial tour" of Paris to call attention to monuments and streets honoring historical figures tied to the slave trade or colonial-era abuses.
    (AP, 7/5/20)

2020        Jul 10, French prosecutors said organized crime groups sought to defraud the state of millions of euros meant for workers left jobless by the coronavirus lockdown.
    (SFC, 7/11/20, p.A5)
2020        Jul 10, French bus driver Phillipe Monguillot (59) was declared brain dead following a July 5 attack by a group of unmasked passengers in Bayonne. Two men were charged with attempted murder following the attack, while another two men were charged with failing to help a person in danger.
    (Insider, 7/11/20)

2020        Jul 14, Britain and France moved to make face coverings compulsory in more places as both countries try to get their economies going while at the same time seeking to prevent further coronavirus outbreaks.
    (AP, 7/14/20)

2020        Jul 15, France's new PM Jean Castex laid out $110 billion in new spending to rescue the virus-battered economy from its worst crisis since World War II.
    (SFC, 7/16/20, p.A6)

2020        Jul 18, In France thousands of protesters marched through a Paris suburb to mark the fourth anniversary of the death of Adama Traoré, a Black man in police custody whose case has mobilized broad anger against police brutality and racial injustice in France. The protest was also about broader anti-government grievances. Climate activists co-organized this year’s protest.
    (AP, 7/18/20)
2020        Jul 18, In France an arson attack badly damaged the 15th-century Gothic Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul in Nantes. On July 26 authorities detained and charged a repentant church volunteer after he told investigators that he was responsible for the arson attack. The 39-year-old Rwandan had been tasked with the job of locking up the cathedral.
    (AP, 7/26/20)

2020        Jul 20, France began requiring face masks in supermarkets, shopping malls, banks, stores and indoor markets to curb signs that the coronavirus is making inroads again.
    (SFC, 7/21/20, p.A6)
2020        Jul 20, Britain said it had agreed in principle to buy 60 million doses of the Valneva vaccine, with an option to purchase 40 million more if it proved safe, effective and suitable. France's Valneva is aiming for clinical trials of the vaccine to start in November or December this year. The vaccine uses an adjuvant, or booster, by Dynavax.
    (Reuters, 7/20/20)

2020        Jul 23, It was reported that a hospital in the southern French city of Lyon is testing patients with a new machine that enables them to breathe into a tube to see whether they have COVID-19 in a matter of seconds.
    (Reuters, 7/23/20)
2020        Jul 23, Emmanuel Farhi (b.1978), French economist and professor of economics at Harvard University, died. His most cited work was on safe assets, written in 2008 with Ricardo Caballero of MIT.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emmanuel_Farhi)(Econ., 8/1/20, p.60)

2020        Jul 24, France's visiting foreign minister pledged €15 million, about $17 million, in aid to Lebanon's schools, struggling under the weight of the country's economic crisis.
    (AP, 7/24/20)

2020        Jul 25, France's interior minister vowed to fight “hateful ideology" after far-right extremists posted photos of a protest outside the offices of Sira Sylla, a Black lawmaker.
    (AP, 7/25/20)
2020        Jul 25, French health authorities said the closely watched “R" gauge is now up to 1.3, suggesting that infected people are contaminating 1.3 other people on average.
    (AP, 7/25/20)

2020        Jul 26, Olivia de Havilland (104), golden age Hollywood actress, died in Paris. She won Oscars for "To Each His Own" (1946) and "The Heiress" (1950). She was the sister of actress Joan De Haviland, aka Joan Fontaine, who died in 2013. Olivia's other films included "Captain Blood" (1935, "The Adventures of Robin Hood" (1938), "Gone With the Wind" (1939) and "Lady In a Cage" (1964).
    (SFC, 7/27/20, p.A1)(Econ., 8/8/20, p.74)

2020        Jul 28, Gisèle Halimi (93), a prominent French lawyer, activist and author who championed feminist causes and human rights efforts for decades, died. She founded a feminist group with Simone de Beauvoir and played a key role in the decriminalization of abortion in France.
    (NY Times, 8/19/20)
2020        Jul 28, In southern France scientists and technicians began assembling huge parts of a nuclear fusion device, an international experiment aimed to develop the ultimate clean energy source. World leaders involved in the project appeared virtually at a ceremony for the start of the new stage of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, or ITER.
    (AP, 7/28/20)

2020        Jul, The French firm oil firm Total secured $15 billion in loans for its liquified natural gas operations in Mozambique. This was the biggest project finance deal in African history.
    (Econ., 8/29/20, p.33)

2020        Aug 1, France began testing travelers from 16 countries where the coronavirus is circulating widely. They must now undergo virus tests upon arrival at French airports and ports unless they present proof of a negative test done within 72 hours of their departure. Those who test positive must quarantine for 14 days.
    (AP, 8/1/20)

2020        Aug 3, France-based healthcare company Sanofi Aventis said it has been placed under formal investigation on charges of manslaughter over Depakine, which is an epilepsy drug that caused birth malfunctions and slow neurological development when taken during pregnancy. Depakine, which lost its patent in 1998, is prescribed in more than 100 countries.
    (AP, 8/3/20)

2020        Aug 6, French President Emmanuel Macron visited Beirut following the August 4 blast that killed more than 130 people. Macron promised that French aid would be given out with transparency.
    (AP, 8/6/20)

2020        Aug 9, In Niger gunmen attacked a group of aid workers, killing six French citizens and two guides at a giraffe park in the Koure region. On Sept. 17 the Islamic State group claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 8/9/20)(SFC, 9/18/20, p.A2)

2020        Aug 17, France-based Sanofi's said is buying US-based Principia Biopharma Inc $3.7 billion. The acquisition gives Sanofi Principia's pipeline in autoimmune diseases.
    (Reuters, 8/17/20)

2020        Aug 18, France's labor ministry announced that face masks will be required in enclosed shared office spaces starting Sept. 1, citing an "upsurge" in COVID-19 cases.
    (AP, 8/19/20)

2020        Aug 19, France's national public health agency reported that there were 3,776 new cases in the past 24 hours, bringing the national tally to 225,043.
    (Good Morning America, 8/20/20)

2020        Aug 22, The French health ministry reported 3,602 new coronavirus infections over the past 24 hours. The total coronavirus deaths in the country had risen by nine in the past 24 hours to 30,512. The total of confirmed infection cases in France now stands at 238,002.
    (AP, 8/23/20)

2020        Aug 26, It was reported that French prosecutors have opened an investigation after national television broadcast social media video showing drug dealers openly carrying assault rifles in Grenoble. The video sparked outrage as concern rose over a crime wave in French holiday towns this summer.
    (The Telegraph, 8/26/20)

2020        Aug 27, France-based clinical diagnostics company Novacyt, one of many healthcare companies whose shares have surged during the pandemic, launched a test to differentiate between COVID-19 and common winter diseases.
    (AP, 8/27/20)

2020        Aug 29, It was reported that attackers armed with knives, some knowledge of their prey and a large dose of cruelty, are going after horses and ponies in pastures across France in what may be ritual mutilations.
    (AP, 8/29/20)
2020        Aug 29, France reported 5,453 new confirmed cases of the coronavirus. The Tour de France race began in unusual conditions.
    (Reuters, 8/30/20)

2020        Aug 30, France's defence minister said a senior French military officer has been charged with espionage for allegedly passing top secret documents to Russian intelligence. He was detained by France’s General Directorate for Internal Security (DGSI), the equivalent of MI5, 10 days ago.
    (The Telegraph, 8/30/20)

2020        Sep 1, The French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo republished cartoons about the Prophet Muhammad and Islam that prompted a deadly attack on the magazine’s offices in 2015. The move coincides with the start of a terrorism trial connected to the attack.
    (NY Times, 9/2/20)
2020        Sep 1, French drugmaker Sanofi said the rheumatoid arthritis drug Kevzara has failed as a COVID-19 treatment, following a similar flop of a Roche product.
    (AP, 9/1/20)
2020        Sep 1, Britain, China, France, Germany, and Russia, dubbed the "4+1," defeated US efforts to restore international sanctions on Iran.
    (AFP, 9/2/20)

2020        Sep 2, French President Emmanuel Macron met Iraqi leaders on his first visit to Baghdad where he stressed the war-scarred country must assert its "sovereignty" despite being caught up in US-Iran tensions.
    (AFP, 9/2/20)
2020        Sep 2, French drugmaker Sanofi and Britain's GlaxoSmithKline said they had started a clinical trial of their protein-based COVID-19 vaccine candidate, and aimed to reach the final testing stage by December.
    (Reuters, 9/2/20)

2020        Sep 3, The French government unveiled a $118 billion recovery plan aimed at creating jobs, saving struggling businesses and yanking the country out of its worst economic slump since WWII. Francois Bayrou, head of the MoDem party, was named as the first commissioner of the new bureaucratic body.
    (SFC, 9/4/20, p.A6)

2020        Sep 4, French President Emmanuel Macron criticized what he called “Islamic separatism" in his country and those who seek French citizenship without accepting France’s “right to commit blasphemy".
    (AP, 9/4/20)

2020        Sep 7, France's interior minister said investigators have made numerous arrests since a macabre series of attacks left scores of horses mutilated or killed this year and have opened more than 150 investigations into such cases.
    (AP, 9/7/20)

2020        Sep 9, France fined Switzerland's Novartis and Roche 444 million euros (403.55 million pounds), after its competition authority said they used abusive practices to push costly eye injection Lucentis over a cheaper drug. Novartis must pay 385 million euros and Roche about 60 million euros, according to the decision.
    (Reuters, 9/9/20)

2020        Sep 12, In France police stopped more than 200 people and detained over 25 in Paris as activists sought to revive the "yellow vest" movement.
    (SSFC, 9/13/20, p.A3)

2020        Sep 15, Police in France arrested Eric Danboy Bagale, a former presidential guard from the Central African Republic (CAR), for alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity. He was accused of leading a group of largely Christian militias which carried out revenge killings after the CAR's president was ousted in 2013.
    (BBC, 9/19/20)

2020        Sep 19, France reported 13,498 new confirmed COVID-19 cases over the previous 24 hours, setting another record in daily additional infections since the start of the epidemic. The number deaths from COVID-19 was up by 26 to 31,274. The cumulative total rose to 442,194.
    (AP, 9/20/20)

2020        Sep 22, French firm Valneva, which has just struck a deal to supply Britain with its potential COVID-19 vaccine, said it is in very advanced talks with another possible customer.
    (Reuters, 9/22/20)

2020        Sep 23, Pres. Emmanuel Macron announced that France will double paid paternity leave to 28 days starting next summer and will require new fathers to take at least a week off work.
    (NY Times, 9/24/20)

2020        Sep 25, In France two people were injured seriously, in a knife attack outside the former Paris offices of the Charlie Hebdo satirical newspaper. Two suspects were arrested. The lives of the wounded workers were not in danger. The chief suspect in the stabbing told investigators he carried out the attack in anger over caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad recently republished by satirical weekly Charlie Hebdo.
    (The Telegraph, 9/25/20)(AP, 9/26/20)
2020        Sep 25, In France angry restaurant and bar owners in Marseilles demonstrated against a government order to close all public venues to battle a resurgence in virus infections.
    (SFC, 9/26/20, p.A6)

2020        Sep 29, France's environmental minister announced a gradual ban on using wild animals in traveling circuses, on keeping dolphins and killer whales in captivity in marine parks and on raising mink on fur farms.
    (SFC, 9/30/20, p.A2)

2020        Sep 30, It was reported that France's top appeals court has agreed to extradite the alleged financier of the 1994 Rwandan genocide, Félicien Kabuga, to face trial in Tanzania.
    (BBC, 9/30/20)

2020        Oct 1, Britain, France, Germany, Estonia and Belgium wrote in a letter to the United Nations Security Council that the poisoning of Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny "constitutes a threat to international peace and security."
    (Reuters, 10/1/20)

2020        Oct 3, Flooding from record rains in the mountainous region that spans France and Italy killed two people in Italy and left at least 24 people in the two countries missing.
    (AP, 10/3/20)

2020        Oct 4, French authorities deployed about 1,000 firefighters, four military helicopters and troops to search for at least eight people who were missing after devastating floods hit a mountainous border region with Italy, where at least four people were killed.
    (AP, 10/4/20)
2020        Oct 4, France reported 12,565 new confirmed coronavirus infections over the last 24 hours, falling from the previous daily toll that had a set a new record.
    (Reuters, 10/4/20)

2020        Oct 6, French rescuers continued searching for 21 people missing flood victims in Alpine villages and on nearby French and Italian coasts. Authorities said corpses from cemeteries have been found around the Mediterranean shore, apparently swept down by violent rains.
    (AP, 10/6/20)

2020        Oct 7, French Pres. Emmanuel Macron said it will take months for an area in the Alps to get back to normal following devastating floods that left at least 13 dead and others missing.
    (SFC, 10/8/20, p.A2)

2020        Oct 7, Emmanuelle Charpentier of France and Jennifer A. Doudna of the USA were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. They developed the Crispr tool, which can alter the DNA of animals, plants and microorganisms with high precision.
    (NY Times, 10/7/20)
2020        Oct 7, France recorded 18,700 new coronavirus cases over the last 24 hours along with 80 new deaths. Total deaths linked to the coronavirus now numbered 32,445.
    (SFC, 10/8/20, p.A5)

2020        Oct 8, French police said they have arrested 61 people suspected of involvement in a vast child pornography network in 30 regions of the country over the last four days.
    (SFC, 10/9/20, p.A2)

2020        Oct 9, France's health and environment agency announced restrictions on weedkiller glyphosate in farming, but stopped short of a full ban in the European Union's top agricultural producer due to a lack of non-chemical alternatives in some areas.
    (Reuters, 10/9/20)

2020        Oct 10, The French health ministry reported 26,896 new infections, taking the cumulative total to 718,873 since the start of the year. The number of deaths from the virus increased by 54 to 32,684.
    (Reuters, 10/10/20)

2020        Oct 11, In the French Open Iga Swiatek (19) of Poland won her first tour title — and her country’s first Grand Slam singles title — with a 6-4, 6-1 defeat of Sofia Kenin, the reigning Australian Open champion and No. 4 seed at Roland Garros.
    (NY Times, 10/11/20)

2020        Oct 13, French researchers say they have had encouraging initial results from trials of a COVID-19 testing system that, they say, can deliver results in 40 minutes with no swab and no need to send off samples to a lab. The French system showed 87.5 percent accuracy for detecting positive results when tested on a sample of 220 people.
    (Reuters, 10/13/20)

2020        Oct 14, French president, Emmanuel Macron said “the virus is everywhere in France," said, while imposing a nighttime curfew in major cities.
    (NY Times, 10/15/20)
2020        Oct 14, In France a Paris court jailed Farid Ikken (43) of Algeria for 28 years after convicting him of attempted terrorist murder for attacking police guarding Notre Dame Cathedral with a hammer in 2017.
    (SFC, 10/15/20, p.A2)

2020        Oct 16, In France history teacher Samuel Paty (47) was beheaded in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine. A Chechen refugee (18), unknown to intelligence services, posted a grisly claim of responsibility on social media minutes after the attack. The suspect was shot dead about 600 meters (yards) from where Paty died. Police arrested nine suspects.
    (AP, 10/17/20)(Econ., 10/24/20, p.82)

2020        Oct 19, It was reported that a new book by an investigative journalist has drawn fresh attention to police brutality and racism in France, after protests against the deaths of Black people at the hands of American law enforcement swept across the world. Valentin Gendrot’s book “Flic," meaning cop, chronicles the author’s training and the six months he spent as a police officer in one of Paris’ poorest districts.
    (NBC News, 10/19/20)

2020        Oct 21, Paris hospitals group AP-HP said a drug that fights inflammation made by Switzerland's Roche limits the need for a transfer to intensive care units for patients suffering from moderate to severe COVID-19 related pneumonia. Roche's Actemra, also called RoActemra, is a rheumatoid arthritis medicine that fights inflammation.
    (Reuters, 10/21/20)

2020        Oct 22, French PM Jean Castex announced a vast extension of the nightly curfew that is intended to curb the spiraling spread of the coronavirus, saying “the second wave is here".
    (AP, 10/22/20)

2020        Oct 24, France reported 45,422 new confirmed coronavirus cases over the past 24 hours, a new record. 138 people died from coronavirus infection in the past 24 hours, taking the total to 34,645. The total number of confirmed cases rose to 1,086,497.
    (Reuters, 10/25/20)

2020        Oct 26, A French doctor warned that his country has “lost control of the epidemic," a day after health authorities reported more than 52,000 new coronavirus cases.
    (AP, 10/26/20)

2020        Oct 27, At least four people, including two young children, died when a boat carrying at least 19 migrants capsized off France while trying to cross the English Channel to Britain.
    (AP, 10/27/20)

2020        Oct 28, President Emmanuel Macron announced that France is returning to a nationwide lockdown amid rising coronavirus infections.
    (The Week, 10/28/20)
2020        Oct 28, Turkish officials railed against French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo over its cover-page cartoon mocking Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and accused it of sowing “the seeds of hatred and animosity." The cartoon depicted Erdogan in his underwear holding a drink and lifting the skirt of a woman wearing an Islamic dress.
    (AP, 10/28/20)

2020        Oct 29, In France an attacker armed with a knife killed three people inside the Notre Dame Basilica in Nice. Tunisian assailant Ibrahim Issaoui (b.1999) was seriously wounded by police and hospitalized. Investigators soon detained two more suspects. French police shot dead a man claiming allegiance to a far-right immigrant group near Avignon.
    (AP, 10/29/20)(AP, 10/30/20)(CBS News, 10/31/20)(Econ., 11/7/20, p.47)
2020        Oct 29, It was reported that France's will pay slightly less to acquire US jeweler Tiffany & Co after the two companies agreed to end a bitter dispute triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic and salvage the luxury sector's biggest-ever deal. The new takeover price was set at $131.5 a share, down from $135.
    (Reuters, 10/29/20)

2020        Oct 30, France reported 49,215 new confirmed coronavirus cases over the past 24 hours. A new national lockdown came into effect in an effort to put the brakes on a COVID-19 epidemic that officials say risks spiraling out of control.
    (Reuters, 10/30/20)
2020        Oct 30, French military forces fighting Islamic extremists in West Africa “put away" more than 50 jihadists in an operation in Mali's Barkhane region.
    (AP, 11/3/20)
2020        Oct 30, In Pakistan demonstrations in Islamabad turned violent as some 2,000 people who tried to march toward the French Embassy were pushed back by police firing tear gas and beating protesters with batons. Tens of thousands of Muslims, from Pakistan to Lebanon to the Palestinian territories, poured out of prayer services to join anti-France protests, as the French president's vow to protect the right to caricature the Prophet Muhammad continues to roil the Muslim world.
    (AP, 10/30/20)

2020        Oct 31, In France a Greek Orthodox priest was shot outside his church in the city of Lyon, and police hunted for the assailant. The priest was taken to a local hospital with life-threatening injuries after being hit in the abdomen.
    (AP, 10/31/20)

2020        Nov 3, France's daily COVID-19 death toll spiked by 854, an increase unseen since April 15, while the number of people hospitalized for the disease went up by more than a 1,000 for the fifth time in nine days.
    (Reuters, 11/3/20)

2020        Nov 4, The French government banned the Grey Wolves, the militant wing of Turkey’s far-right Nationalist Movement Party, that it accused of leading violent actions and inciting hatred speech in France.
    (AP, 11/4/20)

2020        Nov 5, A Paris criminal court sentenced Algerian Sidi Ahmed Ghlam (29) to life in prison for killing a woman and trying to bomb a church near the French capital in a failed April, 2015, attack that investigators said was plotted by Islamic State group extremists in Syria. Seven other defendants found to have helped him were sentenced to between three and 30 years in prison. Abdelnasser Benyoucef and Samir Nouad were sentenced in absentia to life in prison. They are believed to have died in suicide attacks in Syria.
    (AP, 11/5/20)

2020        Nov 6, French Health Minister Olivier Veran said that the government is sending 1.6 million rapid virus tests to care homes across the country to allow them to test personnel. More than 400 people with COVID-19 have died in the past week and some residents are again being confined to their rooms and cut off from their families. France hit a record 60,486 new confirmed coronavirus cases.
    (AP, 11/6/20)(NBC News, 11/7/20)

2020        Nov 7, France reported 828 new deaths from coronavirus in the last 24 hours.
    (NBC News, 11/7/20)

2020        Nov 10, In Mali French ground forces and military helicopters killed a jihadi commander linked with al-Qaida along with four others. Bah ag Moussa, military chief for the RVIM Islamic extremist group, had been on a UN sanctions list and was believed responsible for multiple attacks on Malian and international forces.
    (AP, 11/13/20)

2020        Nov 19, US grain trader and processor Archer Daniels Midland Co and French biotech company InnovaFeed announced plans to build the world's largest insect protein plant in Decatur, Illinois.
    (AP, 11/20/20)

2020        Nov 21, In France music producer, Michel Zecler, was violently arrested in the 17th arrondissement of Paris. videos showed officers repeatedly punching him, using a truncheon and tear gas against him for no apparent reason. Nine others who were recording music in the studio basement were also beaten. The officers involved in the case were soon suspended and charged with assault.
    (AP, 11/26/20)(SFC, 12/1/20, p.A2)

2020        Nov 22, The French agriculture ministry said mink infected with coronavirus have been found at a farm in the Eure-et-Loire region of western France, and 1,000 mink at the farm will be culled.
    (Reuters, 11/22/20)

2020        Nov 23, In Paris, France, police officers were filmed tossing migrants out of tents while evacuating a makeshift camp on the Place de la Republique.
    (AP, 11/24/20)

2020        Nov 26, French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire said that France will again levy a special tax on Big Tech companies like Amazon and Facebook despite the threat of US retaliatory tariffs on French Champagne, cheese, handbags and other goods.
    (AP, 11/26/20)

2020        Nov 28, France partially reopened following a month-long coronavirus lockdown.
    (Reuters, 11/28/20)
2020        Nov 28, Thousands of critics of a proposed security law that would restrict sharing images of police officers in France gathered across the country in protest. Officers in Paris who were advised to behave responsibly during the demonstrations fired tear gas to disperse rowdy protesters in the largely peaceful crowd.
    (AP, 11/28/20)
2020        Nov 28, A new Anglo-French deal to prevent Channel migrant crossings was signed this evening, as France agreed to double police beach patrols but continued to resist taking back arrivals.
    (The Telegraph, 11/28/20)

2020        Dec 2, Valéry Giscard d’Estaing (94), president of France (1974-1981), died from Covid-19 at his family home in the Loir-et-Cher area of central France. During his 7-year term he allowed young people to vote from the age of 18, women to legally terminate unwanted pregnancies, divorce by mutual consent and new rights for people with disabilities.
    (AP, 12/2/20)(SFC, 12/4/20, p.A4)

2020        Dec 3, French drug maker Sanofi said it will announce the price of the potential COVID-19 vaccine it is developing with Britain's GlaxoSmithKline following the release of results from the Phase I/II clinical trials this month.
    (Reuters, 12/3/20)

2020        Dec 4, Luxury brand Gucci, owned by French group Kering, said it will give at least $500,000 to UNICEF to help supply and distribute COVID-19 vaccines to vulnerable people around the world.
    (Reuters, 12/4/20)
2020        Dec 4, In France the latest case of H5N8 bird fly discovered at a farm of about 6,000 ducks due to be force-fed - a technique used to make foie gras - in the town of Benesse-Maremne, near the city of Biarritz and the Spanish border. France has already detected the H5N8 virus on birds sold in three pet stores.
    (Reuters, 12/7/20)

2020        Dec 5, Protests over a controversial French draft security bill that would make it illegal to film and identify police officers with malevolent intent took place again. 95 people were arrested and 67 police officers were reportedly injured.
    (AP, 12/6/20)

2020        Dec 7, French President Emmanuel Macron acknowledged “disagreements" with Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi over human rights, but said it will not prevent France from reaching economic and defense deals with the North African country, which has seen the heaviest crackdown on dissent in its modern history.
    (AP, 12/7/20)

2020        Dec 8, President Emmanuel Macron announced that France will build a new, nuclear-powered aircraft carrier to replace its Charles de Gaulle carrier by 2038.
    (AP, 12/8/20)

2020        Dec 9, France reported that the H5N8 bird flu has been detected at a second farm in the Landes region, as the disease continues to spread across Europe.
    (Reuters, 12/10/20)
2020        Dec 9, Franco-Italian chipmaker STMicroelectronics said the US-China trade war and a near-embargo on Huawei, one of its biggest clients, would slow growth and affect profitability even if demand rebounds after a COVID-afflicted year.
    (Reuters, 12/9/20)

2020        Dec 10, France's data privacy watchdog said it has handed out its biggest ever fine of 100 million euros ($121 million) to Alphabet's Google for breaching the country's rules on online advertising trackers (cookies). The CNIL said it had also fined e-commerce giant Amazon 35 million euros for breaking the same rules.
    (AP, 12/10/20)

2020        Dec 11, French Culture Minister Roselyne Bachelot pledged an extra 35 million euros ($42 million) to bail out museums, cinemas and theatres left "stunned" by an extension of COVID-19 restrictions.
    (Reuters, 12/11/20)
2020        Dec 11, France reported 13,406 new coronavirus infections, while intensive care cases dropped again and are now well below a government target. The number of deaths rose by 627 to 57,567.
    (AP, 12/11/20)
2020        Dec 11, France-based Sanofi and GlaxoSmithKline said clinical trials of their COVID-19 vaccine showed an insufficient immune response in older people, delaying its launch to late next year and marking a setback in the global fight against the pandemic.
    (Reuters, 12/11/20)

2020        Dec 12, In France police in Paris took 142 people into custody at what quickly became a tense and sometimes ill-tempered protest against proposed security laws, with officers wading into the crowds of several thousand to haul away suspected trouble-makers.
    (AP, 12/12/20)

2020        Dec 14, Two prominent Italian intellectuals announced they were returning their Legion of Honor awards to France to protest that Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi was given the prize despite his government's human rights abuses.
    (AP, 12/14/20)

2020        Dec 16, A French court found 14 people guilty of aiding the 2015 attack on the magazine Charlie Hebdo, by supplying the attackers with cash, weapons and vehicles.
    (NY Times, 12/16/20)
2020        Dec 16, French model agent Jean-Luc Brunel (74), accused of supplying underage girls to Jeffrey Epstein, was arrested by detectives at Charles de Gaulle airport, who are questioning him on his links to British socialite Ghislaine Maxwell and Prince Andrew.
    (AP, 12/17/20)

2020        Dec 17, The French presidency said President Emmanuel Macron (42) has tested positive for the coronavirus.
    (NY Times, 12/17/20)
2020        Dec 17, A French court convicted Ayoub El Khazzani, a Morocco-born Islamic State operative, to life in prison, with 22 years guaranteed behind bars. Five years ago his train attack was foiled by three American passengers. Clint Eastwood turned the incident into a movie, "The 15:17 to Paris" (2018).
    (SFC, 12/18/20, p.A6)

2020        Dec 22, British PM Boris Johnson's government was working with France in an attempt to find a way to lift border closures that have snarled one of Europe's most important trade routes just days before the Brexit cliff edge. Britain agreed late today to conduct mass coronavirus tests on truck drivers as part of a deal with France to reopen the border to some travelers and to freight trucks, raising hopes of relief for hundreds of drivers stuck near British ports and for supermarkets warning that they could soon run short of fruit and vegetables.
    (Reuters, 12/22/20)(NY Times, 12/22/20)

2020        Dec 23, French authorities said a gunman who had beaten and taken his partner hostage in southern France killed three policemen who came to her aid and fled, prompting a wide manhunt. He was later found dead.
    (AP, 12/23/20)

2020        Dec 24, In France Ivry Gitlis (98), an acclaimed Israeli-born violinist who played with famed conductors, rock stars and jazz bands around the world and worked to make classical music accessible to the masses, died in Paris.
    (AP, 12/25/20)

2020        Dec 25, France said it has recorded its first case of the new variant of coronavirus. France registered 20,262 new, confirmed COVID-19 cases and 159 more related deaths in hospitals in the last 24 hours. France's number of confirmed COVID-19 cases now stands at 2,547,771 while its COVID-19 death toll stands at 62,427.
    (AP, 12/25/20)

2020        Dec 29, French couturier Pierre Cardin (98) died. He made his name by selling designer clothes to the masses, and his fortune by being the first to exploit that name as a brand for selling everything from cars to perfume.
    (Reuters, 12/29/20)
2020        Dec 29, Claude Bolling (90), French pianist, composer and arranger, died in Garches. He attained a worldwide following through his melodic blend of jazz and classical influences and stayed on the Billboard classical charts for more than a decade with his 1975 album “Suite for Flute and Jazz Piano".
    (AP, 1/1/21)

2020        Dec 30, US jeweler Tiffany & Co's shareholders approved a $15.8 billion deal with France's LVMH, ending an acrimonious dispute between the two luxury retailers that had stretched for more than a year.
    (Reuters, 12/30/20)

2021        Jan 1, French officials said ravers at an underground, curfew-busting New Year’s Eve party that drew at least 2,500 people in Lieuron, Brittany, attacked the police sent to shut them down, torching one of their vehicles and injuring officers with volleys of bottles and stones.
    (AP, 1/1/21)

2021        Jan 2, French police detained five people in an investigation into an underground New Year's Eve rave party that drew at least 2,500 people at Lieuron despite a coronavirus curfew and other restrictions. France has reported more than 64,000 virus-related deaths.
    (AP, 1/2/21)
2021        Jan 2, France recorded 3,466 new coronavirus infections over the past 24 hours, below the 19,348 reported a day earlier. This brought the cumulative total to 2,643,239. The COVID-19 death toll was up by 157 to 64,921.
    (Reuters, 1/3/21)
2021        Jan 2, In Mali two French soldiers died when their armored vehicle was hit by an improvised explosive device. This came days after 3 other French soldiers died in a similar way.
    (BBC, 1/3/21)

2021        Jan 3, In Mali more than 20 people, including children, were reported killed when an airstrike hit a wedding party in a remote village. The French military, which has troops in the region, said it carried out a strike on jihadist militants in central Mali, but that no wedding was involved. Defense Minister Florence Parly later said no helicopters were engaged in the strike that “eliminated several dozen jihadis."
    (AP, 1/6/21)(AP, 1/10/21)

2021        Jan 6, Britain, France and Germany pressed Iran to reverse a decision to start enriching uranium to levels beyond the limits of a 2015 nuclear agreement, a move which they said “risks compromising" chances of diplomacy with the incoming US administration.
    (AP, 1/6/21)
2021        Jan 6, French chef Albert Roux (85) died. He and his brother Michel brought Paris-style fine dining to London in the 1960s and inspired generations of chefs. Michel died aged 78 in March last year.
    (Reuters, 1/6/21)

2021        Jan 8, Agriculture Minister Julien Denormandie said France is to extend mass culling of poultry as it faces a "race against time" to contain a bird flu virus sweeping through a duck-breeding area in the southwest.
    (Reuters, 1/8/21)

2021        Jan 11, France led a coalition of at least 50 countries that committed to protect 30% of the planet, including land and sea, over the decade in efforts to halt species extinction and address climate change issues, during a global summit aimed at protecting the world's biodiversity. About 30 leaders, government officials and heads of international organizations participated in the One Planet Summit videoconference.
    (AP, 1/11/21)
2021        Jan 11, Egypt hosted the foreign ministers of Germany, France and Jordan to discuss ways to revive peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians, a week before President-elect Joe Biden takes office.
    (AP, 1/11/21)

2021        Jan 12, French drugmaker Sanofi said its active pharmaceutical ingredients business being carved out will be called EUROAPI, confirming it would decide whether to list the business by next year.
    (Reuters, 1/12/20)
2021        Jan 12, Israel's Biond Biologics Ltd said it had forged an exclusive global license agreement, potentially worth more than $1 billion, with French drugmaker Sanofi for the development and commercialization of its BND-22 cancer drug.
    (Reuters, 1/12/20)
2021        Jan 12, A new US tariff of 25% took effect on French and German wines designed to penalize the EU as part of an ongoing dispute over aircraft subsidies that has dragged on for more than 16 years.
    (SFC, 1/13/21, p.C1)

2021        Jan 14, In France a Tintin drawing by the Belgian artist Herge sold in Paris for 2.6 million euros ($3.1 million), breaking the record for the most expensive comic book art in history.
    (AP, 1/14/20)

2021        Jan 15, French oil and gas company Total said it has decided to withdraw from energy association American Petroleum Institute because it disagrees on climate-related policies.
    (AP, 1/15/21)
2021        Jan 15, It was reported that a Chainalysis investigation found that a Frenchman (35) sent 28.15 Bitcoins, worth about $522,000 to 22 addresses, including many belonging to American far-right activists and organizations. The Frenchman posted a suicide note on his blog the day after the Dec. 8 transactions, saying he was chronically ill and wanted to leave his wealth to “certain causes and people." A majority of the 22 transactions on Dec. 8 went to Nick Fuentes, a far-right Internet influencer who was in the protest crowd but denies being part of the deadly mob at the Capitol building.
    (AP, 1/15/21)

2021        Jan 16, Britain, France and Germany pressed Iran to back off the latest planned violation of its 2015 nuclear deal with world powers, saying that Tehran has “no credible civilian use" for uranium metal.
    (AP, 1/16/21)

2021        Jan 17, The French navy seized a huge consignment of cocaine off the coast of Barbados. It was destined for the UK and Europe. The boat and her eight crew were apprehended and handed over to the Venezuelan authorities.
    (https://tinyurl.com/y5twxk86)(The Telegraph, 1/28/21)

2021        Jan 18, Stellantis, the carmaker created by combining Fiat Chrysler and Peugeot-owner PSA, enjoyed a positive start, its shares rising 8% on their market debut in Milan and Paris, valuing the business at around 42 billion euros ($51 billion). The merger created the world's fifth-largest carmaker by vehicles produced.
    (Reuters, 1/18/21)(Econ., 1/9/21, p.55)

2021        Jan 19, Unions at French drug maker Sanofi held a one-day strike at the lab where it is developing a COVID-19 vaccine and some other sites, to protest job cuts the company plans despite a boost in investment amid the pandemic.
    (AP, 1/19/21)

2021        Jan 21, The French government pledged to toughen laws on the rape of children after a massive online movement saw hundreds of victims share accounts about sexual abuse within their families over the past week.
    (AP, 1/23/21)
2021        Jan 21, It was reported that Google has signed a deal with a group of French publishers paving the way for the internet giant to make digital copyright payments for online news content.
    (AP, 1/21/21)

2021        Jan 22, France registered a further 23,292 new confirmed COVID-19 cases and 649 more deaths from the virus in the last 24 hours as President Emmanuel Macron's government fought against the possibility of a third national lockdown.
    (Reuters, 1/22/21)

2021        Jan 25, Greece signed a 2.3 billion-euro ($2.8 billion) deal with France to purchase 18 Rafale fighter jets, as tensions remain high with neighbor Turkey.
    (AP, 1/25/21)

2021        Jan 26, In France schoolteachers and university students marched together in protests or went on strike around the country to demand more government support amid the pandemic.
    (AP, 1/26/21)
2021        Jan 26, French IT consulting group Atos and OVHcloud said they are partnering to offer fully European-led cloud computing services.
    (Reuters, 1/26/21)

2021        Jan 27, French drugmaker Sanofi said it will help bottle and package 125 million doses of the coronavirus vaccine developed by its rivals Pfizer and BioNTech, while its own vaccine candidate faces delays.
    (AP, 1/27/21)
2021        Jan 27, Mali said its army and French forces have killed at least 100 Islamic extremists so far this year. At least six soldiers were killed in attacks on two localities over the weekend.
    (AP, 1/27/21)

2021        Jan 28, In France Gabriel Fortin (45), an unemployed engineer suspected of attacking three human resources workers and a job center employee, was taken into custody in Valence.
    (The Telegraph, 1/31/21)

2021        Jan 31, France closed all large shopping centers and closed its borders to people arriving from outside the EU to try to stop the spread of new variants of the coronavirus.
    (SFC, 2/1/21, p.A6)

2021        Feb 3, A Paris court ruled that the French state failed to take sufficient action to fight climate change in a case brought by four nongovernmental organizations.
    (AP, 2/3/21)

2021        Feb 4, French President Emmanuel Macron said he wants the generation that will turn 20 in 2030 to be the first tobacco-free one, and also promised to do more to warn about the dangers of alcohol, as part of a 10-year strategy to fight cancer.
    (Reuters, 2/4/21)

2021        Feb 5, Foreign ministers of the Britain, France, Germany and the US secretary of state held virtual talks on topics that included Iran, China, Russia, Myanmar, climate change and the coronavirus pandemic.
    (AP, 2/5/21)

2021        Feb 6, In southern France waters started to recede after the worst flooding in 40 years. PM Jean Castex promised support for farmers and residents whose land was devastated.
    (SSFC, 2/7/21, p.A8)
2021        Feb 6, France reported a fall in new COVID-19 infections and in the number of patients being treated in hospital, slightly easing pressure on the health system as the country rolled out shots with a third approved vaccine.
    (Reuters, 2/6/21)

2021        Feb 7, It was reported that the French Labor Ministry says it will allow employees to eat lunch at their desks in order to contain the spread of the coronavirus, a practice previously forbidden under Article R.4428-19 of the 3,324-page French labor code, or Code du Travail.
    (NY Times, 2/7/21)

2021        Feb 8, French Health Minister Olivier Veran said that he continued to support the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine, arguing it provided sufficient protection against "nearly all the variants" of the virus.
    (Reuters, 2/8/21)

2021        Feb 11, It was reported that sewage samples from a new nationwide COVID-19 monitoring system show that in some French cities traces of coronavirus are spiking above levels seen during the second wave of the epidemic in the autumn.
    (Reuters, 2/11/21)

2021        Feb 12, France’s highest health authority recommended that people who have had COVID-19 receive only one dose of a vaccine against the coronavirus. France's pace of infection with the coronavirus again slowed, with 20,701 new confirmed COVID-19 cases compared to 21,063 a day earlier.
    (AP, 2/12/21)(Reuters, 2/12/21)

2021        Feb 13, French conglomerate Vivendi said it planned to distribute 60% of Universal Music's capital to investors, subject to shareholder approval, and aimed to list its most-prized asset, home to singers such as Lady Gaga and Taylor Swift, by the end of the year.
    (Reuters, 2/13/21)
2021        Feb 13, French drugmaker Sanofi said its COVID-19 vaccine candidate developed by Sanofi and US group Translate Bio "will not be ready this year".
    (Reuters, 2/13/21)

2021        Feb 14, In France activists rallied in Paris to demand that the French government abandon a bill aimed at rooting out Islamist extremism that the protesters say could trample on religious freedom and make all Muslims into potential suspects.
    (AP, 2/14/21)
2021        Feb 14, Le Journal Du Dimanche reported that the French Health Ministry has asked regional health agencies and hospitals to go into "crisis organization" from Feb. 18 to prepare for a possible surge in coronavirus cases due to highly contagious variants.
    (Reuters, 2/14/21)

2021        Feb 15, France's largest bank BNP Paribas pledged to stop financing firms producing or buying either beef or soybeans cultivated on land in the Amazon cleared or converted after 2008.
    (Reuters, 2/15/21)
2021        Feb 15, It was reported that Google has agreed to pay a fine of 1.1 million euros ($1.3 million) after French authorities concluded the search engine displayed “misleading" rankings for French hotels.
    (AP, 2/15/21)

2021        Feb 16, France and leaders of Mali, Burkina Faso, Chad, Niger and Mauritania agreed to step up the fight against Islamic extremists in the Sahel by maintaining a strong French military presence, deploying a new Chadian battalion and gradually building up a European task force.
    (AP, 2/16/21)

2021        Feb 17, In France Georges Tron (63), a former Sarkozy minister and the mayor of Draveil since 1995, was found guilty of rape and sexual assault and sentenced to five years in prison. Under French law he is allowed to hold his post until a final verdict is reached due to presumption of innocence.
    (https://tinyurl.com/n5ve4htv)(The Telegraph, 5/15/21)

2021        Feb 18, French President Emmanuel Macron unveiled a plan to better arm public facilities and private companies against cybercriminals following ransomware attacks at two hospitals this month and an upsurge of similar cyber assaults in France.
    (AP, 2/18/21)

2021        Feb 19, In France a Sudanese refugee stabbed and killed the director of an asylum center in the southern city of Pau after his request for political asylum was rejected.
    (The Telegraph, 2/19/21)

2021        Feb 21, French lawyers said 10 French women who joined the Islamic State have started a hunger strike in their detention camp in Syria in a bid to pressure France to bring them and their children back.
    (The Telegraph, 2/22/21)

2021        Feb 22, French authorities said the Riviera between Menton and Theoule-sur-Mer will locked down over the next two weekends in an attempt to fight a sharp spike in coronavirus infections, The French Riviera has the country's highest infection rate.
    (SFC, 2/23/21, p.A4)

2021        Feb 24, It was reported that Iran has detained a French tourist for nine months. A French citizen named Benjamin had reportedly been operating a helicam, or a remote-controlled mini helicopter outfitted with a camera, a commonplace practice among youth in Iran.
    (AP, 2/25/21)

2021        Feb 25, France’s nuclear safety authority agreed to extend the operational lifetime of the country’s 32 oldest nuclear reactors by a decade to as much as 50 years.
    (AP, 2/25/21)

2021        Feb 28, Germany announced that travelers from France’s northeastern Moselle region will face additional restrictions because of the high rate of variant coronavirus cases there.
    (AP, 2/28/21)

2021        Mar 1, A Paris court found French former President Nicolas Sarkozy (66) guilty of corruption and influence peddling and sentenced him to a year in prison. He can ask to serve that time at home and also plans to appeal.
    (AP, 3/1/21)
2021        Mar 1, Paris-based Reporters Without Borders filed a criminal case against Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and others in the Saudi hierarchy in a German court for the brutal 2018 murder, dismemberment, and disappearance of Washington Post journalist Jamal Khashoggi.
    (AP, 3/2/21)

2021        Mar 5, The Irish transport government said France will no longer require proof of a negative coronavirus test result from haulers travelling directly from Ireland, citing very low positivity rates among commercial vehicle drivers.
    (Reuters, 3/5/21)

2021        Mar 8, In France activists laid flowers near the Iranian Embassy in Paris to show support for a women's rights campaigner sentenced to prison after handing out flowers to women on the Tehran metro in 2019 while not wearing a headscarf.
    (AP, 3/8/21)
2021        Mar 8, The French oil company Total said it will limit its work to extract oil from a Ugandan national park to less than 1% of the protected area, seeking to assuage the concerns of activists who oppose the project. Total also announced that it would take steps to minimize damage to the lives of people disrupted by a pipeline that will run from Uganda to Tanzania.
    (AP, 3/8/21)

2021        Mar 13, In France the number of new coronavirus cases neared 30,000 while the number of people to receive their first vaccine injection topped 5 million.
    (Reuters, 3/13/21)

2021        Mar 15, The French government said it will return a Nazi-looted Gustav Klimt landscape painting (Rosebushes under the Trees) to the family of Nora Stiasny, a Holocaust victim who was dispossessed of the 1905 painting in 1938.
    (SFC, 3/16/21, p.A3)
2021        Mar 15, Germany, France, Italy and Spain said they would stop administering the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine after several countries reported possible serious side-effects.
    (AP, 3/15/21)(SFC, 3/16/21, p.A4)

2021        Mar 16, The Pritzker Architecture Prize, the field's highest honor, was awarded to the Paris-based duo of Anne Lacaton and Jean-Philippe Vassal for “prioritizing the enrichment of human life," especially in the context of public housing.
    (AP, 3/16/21)

2021        Mar 19, Several French regions, including the Paris area, went under new coronavirus restrictions for at least a month to stop a rise in COVID-19 infections.
    (SFC, 3/20/21, p.A4)
2021        Mar 19, France's agriculture ministry said it is to allow poultry farms in southwestern areas hit by a severe strain of avian influenza to resume production after a sharp fall in new cases of the disease.
    (AP, 3/19/21)

2021        Mar 20, France and Poland became the latest European countries to enter some form of pandemic lockdown amid a rise in coronavirus infections that officials worry could turn into a third wave.
    (The Week, 3/20/21)

2021        Mar 22, France added 344 confirmed deaths, increasing the total to 92,650 deaths.
    (AP, 3/23/21)

2021        Mar 23, French President Emmanuel Macron announced a lowering of the age group for those eligible for COVID-19 shots from 75 to 70 years starting this weekend.
    (AP, 3/23/21)

2021        Mar 25, In France an 1887 Vincent Van Gogh painting of a Paris street scene, held in a private collection for over a century, sold for 14 million euros ($16.50 million) at a Sotheby auction in Paris.
    (Reuters, 3/25/21)
2021        Mar 25, French filmmaker Bertrand Tavernier (79) died. He directed acclaimed movies such “A Sunday in the Country," “Captain Conan" and “The Judge and the Assassin." His 1987 feature film about a fictional jazz musician, “Round Midnight," won Herbie Hancock an Oscar for best original score.
    (AP, 3/25/21)

2021        Mar 28, In France critical care doctors said surging coronavirus infections could soon overwhelm their ability to care for the sick in Paris hospitals.
    (SFC, 3/29/21, p.A4)
2021        Mar 28, It was reported that Agnes Callamard, a French human rights expert who led a UN investigation into the killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, has been appointed the new leader of Amnesty International.
    (AP, 3/28/21)

2021        Mar 29, A Paris court found French drugmaker Servier guilty of manslaughter and deception over weight-loss pill Mediator, and fined it 2.7 million euros ($3.18 million). The court also fined France's drug regulator ANSM 303,000 euros.
    (Reuters, 3/29/21)

2021        Mar 31, President Emmanuel Macron of France announced the start of a third national lockdown in a desperate move to halt a new deadly wave.
    (NY Times, 3/31/21)

2021        Apr 1, France's PM Jean Castex defended new nationwide measures to combat a resurgent coronavirus in France that include closing schools for at least three weeks and putting in place a month-long domestic travel ban.
    (AP, 4/1/21)

2021        Apr 3, France reported that 5,273 people were in intensive care units (ICU) for COVID-19, a rise of 19 from the previous day, as the country entered its third national lockdown to help combat the pandemic. French hospitals have brought in extra staff for the Easter holiday weekend to cope with growing numbers of virus patients, while travelers converged on train stations and highways to flee big cities before new nationwide restrictions take hold.
    (AP, 4/3/21)(Reuters, 4/3/21)

2021        Apr 4, The French city of Sarcelles, north of Paris, was among those whose vaccination center stayed open Easter Sunday, amid mushrooming infections and demand.
    (AP, 4/4/21)

2021        Apr 7, President Paul Kagame of Rwanda praised a new French report documenting France's role in the 1994 genocide as “a good thing," welcoming efforts in Paris to “move forward with a good understanding of what happened" 27 years after the massacres that shocked the world.
    (AP, 4/7/21)

2021        Apr 9, French health officials said that people under 55 who received a first dose of the AstraZeneca vaccine should get other vaccines for their second shot because of an extremely rare risk of a blood clotting disorder.
    (AP, 4/9/21)

2021        Apr 10, French lawmakers voted late today to abolish domestic flights on routes than can be covered by train in under two-and-a-half hours, as the government seeks to lower carbon emissions even as the air travel industry reels from the global pandemic.
    (Reuters, 4/11/21)

2021        Apr 11, Tanzania, Uganda and French oil company Total signed agreements on building a heated pipeline to carry crude oil from western Uganda to the Indian Ocean coast. Construction of the pipeline, which would be the world’s longest at 897 miles, is expected to begin this year.
    (AP, 4/11/21)

2021        Apr 12, In France police hunted for a gunman who opened fire near a hospital in the wealthy 16th district of Paris, killing one person and injuring another.
    (AP, 4/12/21)

2021        Apr 13, France suspended all flights from Brazil amid mounting fears over the P.1 variant of the coronavirus that has been sweeping across Brazil.
    (SFC, 4/14/21, p.A4)

2021        Apr 14, France said it will use Johnson & Johnson's COVID-19 vaccine as planned despite its suspension in the United States. France had received a first shipment of 200,000 doses.
    (Reuters, 4/14/21)

2021        Apr 15, France reported 300 new deaths due to the coronavirus bringing its total to 100,077. France became the 3rd EU country, after Britain and Italy, to pass the 100,000 mark.
    (SFC, 4/16/21, p.A8)

2021        Apr 16, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy arrived in Paris for talks with French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel amid his country's growing tensions with neighboring Russia, which has deployed troops near its border with Ukraine.
    (AP, 4/16/21)

2021        Apr 17, France said it will order a strict 10-day quarantine for all travelers coming from Brazil starting April 24 in a bid to prevent the spread of a coronavirus variant.
    (Reuters, 4/17/21)
2021        Apr 17, French automaker Renault said it will seek to generate more than 1 billion euros ($1.20 billion) in sales from the so-called "circular economy" by turning its Flins factory outside Paris into a research, recycling and repair center.
    (Reuters, 4/17/21)

2021        Apr 18, France said it is imposing entry restrictions on travelers from four countries — Argentina, Chile, South Africa and Brazil — in hopes of keeping out especially contagious coronavirus variants.
    (AP, 4/18/21)
2021        Apr 18, It was reported that France's National Center for Scientific Research has calculated that Earth receives about 14 tons of micrometeorites each day.
    (SSFC, 4/18/21, p.B8)

2021        Apr 19, The French government said it is introducing one of Europe’s first Covid-19 vaccine passport initiatives.
    (NY Times, 4/21/21)
2021        Apr 19, Rwanda in a 600-page report said that France “did nothing to stop" the massacres, in April and May 1994, and in the years after the genocide tried to cover up its role and even offered protection to some perpetrators.
    (AP, 4/19/21)
2021        Apr 19, Michel Kilo (81), an exiled veteran Syrian opposition figure, died of complications from COVID-19 in a hospital in Paris where he lived. Kilo was a strong supporter of protests that erupted against Assad’s government in 2011 and was among leading figures who worked to develop a political framework for the opposition movement.
    (AP, 4/19/21)

2021        Apr 23, France became the first rich country to donate COVID-19 vaccines to a developing nation through the UN's jab rollout program for low- and middle-income countries, shipping more than 100,000 doses to Mauritania. President Emmanuel Macron said France will step up vaccine donations to the international COVAX vaccine program in the coming months with a donation of 500,000 shots, including from suppliers other than AstraZeneca.
    (AP, 4/23/21)(Reuters, 4/23/21)
2021        Apr 23, In France a Tunisian-born resident (37), later identified as Djamel G. (37), fatally stabbed a police official near the Rambouillet chateau outside of Paris before being shot and killed by other officers. Four people, including the suspect's father, were soon detained in a terrorism investigation.
    (SFC, 4/24/21, p.A3)(SSFC, 4/25/21, p.A10)
2021        Apr 23, LVMH CEO Bernard Arnault and Tod’s founder Diego Dalle Valle further cemented their 20-year friendship with a deal for the French group to increase its stake in the Italian luxury goods maker.
    (AP, 4/23/21)

2021        Apr 24, Fifteen people in France emerged from a scientific experiment to say that time seemed to pass more slowly in their cavernous underground abode, where they were deprived of clocks, light and news for 40 days as part of the Deep Time project.
    (AP, 4/24/21)
2021        Apr 24, In France Alber Elbaz (59), the former creative director at French fashion house Lanvin, died from COVID-19.
    (Reuters, 4/25/21)

2021        Apr 25, In France crowds gathered in Paris and other French cities to denounce a ruling by France’s highest court that Kobili Traoré, the killer of Jewish woman Sarah Halimi (65) in 2017, was not criminally responsible and therefore could not go on trial. Under French law, people cannot be held criminally responsible for actions committed while fully losing their judgment or self-control due to a psychiatric disorder. Traoré used to smoke heavy quantities of cannabis.
    (AP, 4/25/21)

2021        Apr 26, The French energy firm Total announced hat it has halted all operations on its $20 billion investment in a liquified natural gas project in northern Mozambique as a result of the extremist rebel insurgency there..
    (AP, 4/26/21)

2021        Apr 27, France and Germany laid out plans for billions in spending from the EU's recovery fund aimed at fighting climate change and boosting the use of digital technology.
    (SFC, 4/28/21, p.A6)

2021        Apr 28, In France 7 Italians convicted of left-wing domestic terrorist crimes in the 1970s and 1980s, were arrested at their homes. They including five former members of Italy's Red Brigades. All 7 men had fled before they could be imprisoned.
    (SFC, 4/29/21, p.A5)

2021        May 3, France reopened secondary and high schools and lifted a ban on domestic travel as part of the government's plan to gradually reopen the country as virus infections have started decreasing.
    (SFC, 5/4/21, p.A4)

2021        May 4, Egypt confirmed that it is buying another 30 Rafale fighter jets from France, building up its fleet of the advanced warplane to 54, second only to the French air force.
    (AP, 5/4/21)

2021        May 5, President Emmanuel Macron marked the bicentenary of the death of Napoleon Bonaparte, the warrior and emperor who famously bequeathed to France its civil code but whose legacy is today tarnished in the eyes of some for reinstating slavery.
    (AP, 5/5/21)

2021        May 6, British PM Boris Johnson said that two Royal Navy vessels would remain off the British Channel island of Jersey amid an escalating row with France over post-Brexit fishing rights. Brussels rallied behind France in an escalating row over post-Brexit fishing rights.
    (Reuters, 5/6/21)(The Telegraph, 5/6/21)

2021        May 7, French authorities announced that Jersey fishermen will be banned from landing their catch at three ports in response to the row over post-Brexit fishing rights.
    (AP, 5/7/21)
2021        May 7, Pressure on the French hospital system from the COVID-19 epidemic eased for the fourth day in row and the number of virus deaths in hospitals was down again compared to a week ago. France reported 226 new coronavirus deaths in hospitals, from 219 a day earlier.
    (Reuters, 5/7/21)

2021        May 9, In France thousands of demonstrators took to the streets of Paris and other cities to call for more ambitious measures in the fight against climate change.
    (AP, 5/9/21)

2021        May 11, It was reported that France has lifted a ban on Jersey fishermen landing their catch after the Channel Island granted a two-month delay to the controversial post-Brexit fishing licenses.
    (The Telegraph, 5/11/21)

2021        May 15, French riot police fired tear gas and used water cannons in Paris as protesters supporting Palestinians in the Gaza Strip defied a ban on marching in the French capital.
    (AP, 5/15/21)

2021        May 17, The French government said some of France's most sensitive state and corporate data can be safely stored using the cloud computing technology developed by Alphabet's Google and Microsoft, if it is licensed to French companies.
    (Reuters, 5/17/21)

2021        May 18, France's presidency called for a resolution at the United Nations Security Council to stop the fighting between Israel and Palestinian militants in Gaza.
    (Reuters, 5/18/21)
2021        May 18, In France more than 20 heads of state and government from Africa held talks in Paris with the heads of international organizations on how to revive the continent's economy, which the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted deeply.
    (AP, 5/18/21)
2021        May 18, Air France-KLM said it is sending into the air what it calls its first long-haul flight with sustainable aviation fuel. The plane is said to be using petroleum mixed with a synthetic jet fuel derived from waste cooking oils.
    (AP, 5/18/21)

2021        May 19, French police officers held a huge demonstration outside parliament to press for a law that protects the protectors who are feeling vulnerable to attacks, angry and useless.
    (AP, 5/19/21)

2021        May 20, A French appeal court ruled that around 2,700 victims of a breast implant scandal are entitled to compensation. The court said that German company TUV Rheinland committed negligence by certifying them as safe.
    (AP, 5/20/21)

2021        May 26, France declared a mandatory quarantine period for people coming from Britain due to the increasing prevalence there of a highly contagious coronavirus variant first detected in India.
    (Reuters, 5/26/21)

2021        May 27, President Emmanuel Macron of France began a 2-day visit to Rwanda and said his country had “a duty to confront history and to recognize its part of the suffering it inflicted on the Rwandan people".
    (NY Times, 5/27/21)
2021        May 27, GlaxoSmithKline of Britain and Sanofi of France launched a large trial for another potential COVID-19 vaccine.
    (SFC, 5/28/21, p.A5)

2021        May 28, In western France a man with severe schizophrenia, who had been on a watch list for Islamic radicalism, stabbed a police officer at her station and shot two other officers before police killed him in the Nantes suburb of La Chapelle-sur-Erdre.
    (AP, 5/28/21)

2021        Jun 3, France said it is halting joint military operations with Mali over last week's coup in the West African country. It said the suspension would continue until it received guarantees about a return to civilian rule in Mali.
    (BBC, 6/3/21)
2021        Jun 3, French asset management Amundi chief investment officer Pascal Blanque said cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin are a "farce" and a symptom of bubbles forming in financial markets.
    (AP, 6/3/21)

2021        Jun 6, French Health Minister Olivier Veran said that France has multiple clusters of the variant, first identified in India, notably in the southwest Landes region.
    (AP, 6/6/21)
2021        Jun 6, In France several ceremonies were being held to commemorate the 77th anniversary of D-Day, the decisive 1944 assault that led to the liberation of France and western Europe from Nazi control, and honor those who fell.
    (AP, 6/6/21)

2021        Jun 7, The French national financial prosecutor’s office said it has opened a preliminary investigation into the actions of Lebanon’s central bank governor involving potential money laundering.
    (AP, 6/7/21)

2021        Jun 10, President Emmanuel Macron said France is to scale down counter-terrorism operations in the Sahel region of West Africa after eight years. French forces have been operating in Mali, Chad, Mauritania, Niger, and Burkina Faso to fight militants.
    (BBC, 6/10/21)
2021        Jun 10, The Swiss National Bank and the Bank of France said they will trial Europe's first cross-border central bank digital currency payments, a move that will be a first for two of the world's top currencies.
    (Reuters, 6/10/21)

2021        Jun 11, The European Medicines Agency (EMA) approved a new manufacturing site in France for the production of Moderna Inc's COVID-19 vaccine.
    (Reuters, 6/11/21)

2021        Jun 13, Novak Djokovic won the French Open to claim his 19th major tennis title — one short of the record, shared by Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal.
    (NY Times, 6/13/21)

2021        Jun 15, A French court ordered IKEA to pay $1.3 million in fines and damages over a campaign to spy on union representatives, employees and some unhappy customers.
    (SFC, 6/16/21, p.B2)
2021        Jun 15, France began giving COVID jab to 12-year-olds. The government has made people from 12 years upwards eligible for the COVID-19 vaccination, provided they have parental consent.
    (Reuters, 6/15/21)

2021        Jun 16, France eased several COVID-19 restrictions, with authorities saying it's no longer always mandatory to wear masks outdoors and halting an 8-month nightly coronavirus curfew this weekend.
    (AP, 6/16/21)

2021        Jun 20, French voters went to the polls in regional elections that will test the appeal of far-right leader Marine Le Pen's softened image less than a year before the next presidential election with a record low turnout expected. Exit polls showed that the far right performed worse than predicted in the regional elections and the center-right made a comeback while the vote as a whole was impacted by a high abstention rate.
    (Reuters, 6/20/21)

2021        Jun 23, The United States, Britain and France accused Russian mercenaries of operating alongside Central African Republic forces and committing human rights violations against civilians and obstructing UN peacekeeping. The charges were immediately denied by Russia which denounced the Western nations for engaging in an “anti-Russia political hit job." Russia has troops in CAR training its military at the invitation of the government.
    (AP, 6/24/21)

2021        Jun 24, France and Germany’s call for European Union summit talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin were blocked late today after fierce opposition from Poland and the Baltic countries.
    (The Telegraph, 6/24/21)

2021        Jun 27, France held regional elections. In a record low turnout President Emmanuel Macron’s centrist party was decimated and Marine Le Pen’s far-right party failed, upending expectations that the presidential race in 10 months will be a showdown between the two politicians.
    (AP, 6/28/21)

2021        Jun 28, A French court convicted and fined Franco Lollia, a Black rights activist, for defacing a statue he sees as an insult to democracy and to the descendants of slaves. In June 2020, the French activist had painted and sprayed “State Negrophobia" in red paint on a statue of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, a 17th-century royal minister who helped write rules governing slaves in French overseas colonies.
    (AP, 6/28/21)
2021        Jun 28, France's top administrative court definitively banned the use of glue trapping to hunt birds, a technique that was denounced by animal protection groups as barbaric and endangering some species.
    (AP, 6/28/21)

2021        Jun 30, In France world leaders, philanthropists and organizations pledged at least $40 billion at an international conference in Paris to boost gender equality, as women and girls worldwide have been deeply affected by the consequences of the pandemic.
    (AP, 7/1/21)

2021        Jul 1, France and Mexico signed an agreement Thursday on cooperating against the trafficking of cultural artifacts.
    (AP, 7/1/21)

2021        Jul 5, Renowned French winemaker Moet Hennessy said that its champagne shipments to Russia were suspended after President Vladimir Putin signed a law on July 2 saying the term "champagne" is allowed to be used only for "Russian champagne".
    (Fox News, 7/5/21)

2021        Jul 6, In France the 74th Cannes opened with as much glitz as it could summon. “Annette," a fantastical musical starring Adam Driver and Marion Cotillard and scored by the musical duo Sparks, was to debut in the evening. Spike Lee, the first Black person to head up the jury at the Cannes Film Festival, denounced the state of race relations in the United States.
    (AP, 7/6/21)(Reuters, 7/6/21)

2021        Jul 7, French government spokesman Gabriel Attal said the highly contagious Delta variant now represents around 40% of new COVID-19 infections in France.
    (Reuters, 7/7/21)

2021        Jul 8, It was reported that French movie director Francois Ozon tackles the thorny issue of euthanasia in his latest movie, "Everything Went Fine," at the Cannes Film Festival, with a story of two sisters grappling with their sick father's desire to end his life.
    (Reuters, 7/8/21)
2021        Jul 8, France's Sanofi SA and Britain's GlaxoSmithKline Plc said they have received an approval from Indian authorities for a late-stage clinical trial of their protein-based COVID-19 vaccine candidate.
    (Reuters, 7/8/21)

2021        Jul 12, French President Emmanuel Macron ordered all French health care workers to get virus vaccine shots by Sept. 15 and urged all of his compatriots to get vaccinated as soon as possible, to fight resurgent infections that are threatening the country’s economic recovery.
    (AP, 7/12/21)

2021        Jul 13, France urged all of its citizens to leave Afghanistan immediately given growing security risks.
    (SFC, 7/14/21, p.A3)
2021        Jul 13, France's competition regulator fined Google $592 million for failing to negotiate in good faith with French publishers in a dispute over payments for their news.
    (SFC, 7/14/21, p.B2)

2021        Jul 14, French installation artist Christian Boltanski (76) died in Paris. 
    (SFC, 7/16/21, p.B6)

2021        Jul 16, In France the Eiffel Tower greeted tourists for the first time in nearly nine months.
    (SFC, 7/16/21, p.A4)

2021        Jul 17, France said it will allow international travelers who have had AstraZeneca’s Indian-manufactured vaccine into the country starting July 18. At the same time, France is tightening border checks to control the spread of the delta variant and protect hospitals.
    (AP, 7/17/21)
2021        Jul 17, In France more than 100,000 people joined rallies across the country to protest mandatory vaccinations for healthy care workers and COVID-19 passes that will be required to enter restaurants and other venues.
    (SSFC, 7/18/21, p.A7)
2021        Jul 17, In France "Titane," a wildly imaginative film about a serial killer by French director Julia Ducournau (37), won the top Palme d'Or prize at the Cannes Film Festival. This was prematurely announced by jury head Spike Lee.
    (Reuters, 7/17/21)

2021        Jul 18, Tadej Pogacar (22) of Slovenia won his second straight Tour de France, entering a new era of dominance after reigning over his adversaries.
    (NY Times, 7/18/21)

2021        Jul 19, The France-based International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, known as IFRC, said that its teams will go aboard the Ocean Viking rescue ship starting in August in the central Mediterranean Sea.
    (AP, 7/19/21)
2021        Jul 19, French artificial heart maker CARMAT announced the first commercial implant of its Aeson artificial heart at a hospital in Italy, which the company said paved the way for its further commercial development. Last week, CARMAT announced the first human implant of its Aeson bioprosthetic artificial heart in the United States.
    (Reuters, 7/19/21)

2021        Jul 20, France and the United Kingdom said they have agreed to deploy more police and invest in detection technology on the French coast to try to stop boats carrying illegal migrants from reaching British shores. Britain agreed to pay France about $73 million to help clamp down on migrants crossing the English Channel by boat.
    (https://tinyurl.com/25ntz4av)(SFC, 7/22/21, p.A4)

2021        Jul 23, It was reported that France has established a “maritime bridge" to provide COVID-19 vaccines and medical oxygen to Tunisia, which is in the midst of one of Africa’s worst coronavirus outbreaks. In the past five days, France has flown 1.1 million vaccine doses to the North African country.
    (AP, 7/23/21)

2021        Jul 24, In France some 160,000 people, including far-right activists and members of the yellow vest movement, protested across the country against a bill requiring everyone to have a special virus pass to enter restaurants and mandating COVID-19 vaccinations for all health care workers.
    (AP, 7/24/21)
2021        Jul 24, President Emmanuel Macron began a visit to French Polynesia to showcase France’s commitment to the region amid concerns about the impact of climate change on the Pacific island territory, the legacy of French nuclear testing on its atolls — and most of all, growing Chinese dominance in the region.
    (AP, 7/24/21)

2021        Jul 25, France passed a new COVID-19 law that makes health passes mandatory for a number of indoor venues.
    (SFC, 7/26/21, p.A4)

2021        Jul 27, French President Emmanuel Macron confirmed the government will take charge of cleaning up contaminated lands in French Polynesia, open government archives, create a permanent mediator between the state and the community on the issue — and speed up compensation to local populations.
    (AP, 7/28/21)

2021        Jul 31, Thousands in France protesting a special virus pass marched through Paris, with French police in full riot gear using their fists to push some demonstrators back and firing tear gas against some crowds.
    (AP, 7/31/21)

2021        Aug 3, Sanofi agreed to buy US partner Translate Bio as it bets on next-generation vaccines and particularly as the French drugmaker, one of the world's top flu vaccine makers, seeks to see off competition in one of its major markets.
    (Reuters, 8/4/21)

2021        Aug 4, The French presidency said an international conference on Lebanon has gathered over $357 million in aid required to meet the country's humanitarian needs, one year after the massive explosion at Beirut’s port. France pledged $118 million and the US pledged $100 mil.
    (AP, 8/4/21)

2021        Aug 5, A French constitutional court validated most aspects of a new law that, starting next week, requires people to carry a special COVID-19 health pass to access cafes, restaurants, long-distance travel and, in some cases, hospitals. But it struck down several measures for not meeting constitutional muster.
    (AP, 8/5/21)

2021        Aug 6, The US Food and Drug Administration approved French drugmaker Sanofi's drug, Nexviazyme, for the treatment of patients with Pompe disease, a rare genetic disorder.
    (Reuters, 8/6/21)

2021        Aug 7, In France thousands of people marched in Paris and other cities during a fourth consecutive week of protests against COVID-19 entrance requirements and what opponents see as restrictions on personal freedom.
    (AP, 8/7/21)

2021        Aug 9, France began requiring people to show a QR code proving they have a special virus pass before they can enjoy restaurants and cafes or travel across the country.
    (AP, 8/9/21)
2021        Aug 9, In France Father Olivier Maire, a superior in the Montfort order, was killed in the town of Saint-Laurent-sur-Sevre, by a man he had housed for months. French media said the suspect was the man under judicial control for the fire at the 15th-century Nantes cathedral in July 2020, which destroyed the organ and shattered stain glass windows.
    (AP, 8/9/21)

2021        Aug 10, Lionel Messi signed with Paris St.-Germain, represented the most significant move in recent soccer history. Messi, the world’s greatest soccer player, had played for Barcelona since he was 13.
    (AP, 8/11/21)

2021        Aug 11, France said it will strengthen lockdown rules in the overseas territory of Guadeloupe to rein in the spread of COVID-19, as spikes in infections in its Caribbean islands overwhelm hospitals.
    (Reuters, 8/11/21)

2021        Aug 14, In France protesters marched in cities across the country for a fifth consecutive weekend in what could the biggest demonstration yet against rules compelling them to show a COVID-19 health pass for daily activities.
    (Reuters, 8/14/21)

2021        Aug 17, Thousands of people fled homes, campgrounds and hotels near the French Riviera as firefighters battled a blaze that raced through nearby forests, sending smoke pouring down wooded slopes toward vineyards in the picturesque area.
    (AP, 8/17/21)

2021        Aug 24, France's Haute Autorite de Sante (HAS) health watchdog said it recommended a COVID-19 vaccine booster shot for those aged 65 and over and for those with existing medical conditions that could put at them serious harm from COVID.
    (Reuters, 8/24/21)

2021        Aug 27, Sudan received a shipment of 218,400 doses of the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine as a donation from France through the COVAX facility.
    (Reuters, 8/28/21)

2021        Aug 28, Demonstrators opposed to France’s health pass took to the streets for a seventh of vocal protests, but crowds were smaller than in past weeks.
    (AP, 8/28/21)
2021        Aug 28, Egypt's President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi met Qatar's Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani in Baghdad, the first meeting since the two countries agreed in January to end a long-running dispute. Several Middle Eastern leaders and French President Emmanuel Macron met in Baghdad at a summit hosted by Iraq.
    (Reuters, 8/28/21)

2021        Aug 30, In France the speed limit in nearly all of Paris was reduced to just 30 kph (less than 19 mph), with exceptions for a handful of wide avenues including the famed Champs-Elysees and the bypass circling the historical capital.
    (AP, 8/30/21)

2021        Aug 31, A health ministry official said France aims to have administered a third shot of a COVID-19 vaccine to some 18 million people by early 2022.
    (Reuters, 8/31/21)

2021        Sep 1, France started administering booster shots to people over 65 and those with underlying health conditions.
    (SFC, 9/2/21, p.A5)

2021        Sep 3, Pres. Emmanuel Macron opened the World Conservation Congress in Marseille and called for better protection of the world's high seas. The Congress will run until Sept. 11.
    (AP, 9/4/21)(SFC, 9/4/21, p.A2)

2021        Sep 4, In France a new red list released today at a global conference aimed at protecting dwindling species said the world's sharks and rays have seen declines in their populations since 2014 and more and more are now threatened with extinction.
    (AP, 9/4/21)

2021        Sep 5, In France indigenous groups urged world leaders to back a new target to protect 80% of the Amazon basin by 2025, saying bold action was needed to stop deforestation pushing the Earth's largest rainforest beyond a point of no return.
    (Reuters, 9/5/21)
2021        Sep 5, Iraq's oil minister said France's Total will build four giant energy projects in southern Iraq under a $27 billion deal signed in Baghdad. Total signed mega contracts with Iraq to develop oil fields, natural gas and a crucial water project.
    (Reuters, 9/5/21)(AP, 9/6/21)

2021        Sep 6, French actor Jean-Paul Belmondo (88) died. Belmondo shot to international fame as a star of New Wave cinema after his breakthrough performance in Jean-Luc Godard's "A bout de souffle" ("Breathless") in 1959.
    (Reuters, 9/7/21)

2021        Sep 7, In France armed robbers struck a Bulgari store on the opulent Place Vendome in Paris and snatched jewelry worth 10 million euros ($11.84 million). Police caught three of the suspected armed robbers after opening fire on their car. Four on scooters got away.
    (Reuters, 9/8/21)

2021        Sep 8, In France Salah Abdeslam (31), the main suspect in a jihadist rampage that killed 130 people across Paris, described himself defiantly as "an Islamic State soldier," upsetting some survivors who took it as a threat at the start of the trial into the 2015 attacks.
    (Reuters, 9/8/21)
2021        Sep 8, French police came under attack late today from youths wielding a handgun, flares and petrol bombs during clashes in the low-income housing estate of Tarterets, a suburb of Paris.
    (Reuters, 9/9/21)

2021        Sep 9, The French AFP news agency reported that a Paris appeals court has upheld a lower court ruling that found Rifaat al-Assad (84), an uncle of Syrian Pres. Bashar al-Assad, guilty of acquiring millions of euros' worth of French property using funds diverted from the Syrian state.
    (Reuters, 9/9/21)
2021        Sep 9, A top health official said France will begin offering free contraceptives for women up to the age of 25 starting next year to help young women with the financial costs of protecting against pregnancy.
    (NY Times, 9/9/21)

2021        Sep 10, It was reported that France has raised its bird flu alert level after a severe form of the virus was found among backyard poultry in the northeast, on top of cases in neighboring Belgium and Luxembourg.
    (Reuters, 9/10/21)

2021        Sep 13, The Czech Republic said it will buy 52 new Caesar artillery pieces from French group Nexter Systems for 8.5 billion crowns ($395.6 million) to replace older howitzers dating back to the 1970s.
    (Reuters, 9/13/21)

2021        Sep 15, Emmanuel Macron, the French president, said that his country’s military forces had killed Adnan Abu Walid al-Sahraoui, the leader of the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara. Sahrawi, born in the disputed territory of Western Sahara in 1973, had been a member of the Polisario Front which is fighting for independence from Morocco.
    (NY Times, 9/15/21)(BBC, 9/17/21)

2021        Sep 16, France accused US President Joe Biden of stabbing it in the back and acting like his predecessor Donald Trump after Paris was pushed aside from a lucrative defence deal that it had signed with Australia for submarines.
    (Reuters, 9/16/21)
2021        Sep 16, In France hospitals, care homes and health centers suspended around 3,000 workers across the country for failing to comply with mandatory COVID vaccination, as countries around Europe weigh how far to go to combat the pandemic.
    (Reuters, 9/16/21)
2021        Sep 16, In France, the city of Paris unveiled a a monumental artwork that wrapped the Arc de Triomphe in silver and blue fabric, a project conceived in 1961 by the late artist couple Christo and Jeanne-Claude.
    (SFC, 9/17/21, p.A5)

2021        Sep 17, France plunged into an unprecedented diplomatic crisis with the United States and Australia after it recalled its ambassadors from both countries over a trilateral security deal which sank a French-designed submarine contract with Canberra.
    (Reuters, 9/17/21)

2021        Sep 18, The French foreign ministry said it has agreed with its Indian counterpart to work on a program to promote "a truly multilateral international order".
    (Reuters, 9/18/21)

2021        Sep 19, France's Armed Forces Minister arrived in Mali to pressure the military junta to end talks to bring Russian mercenaries into the country and push it to keep a promise to return the country to constitutional order in February.
    (Reuters, 9/19/21)

2021        Sep 20, French President Emmanuel Macron apologized to Algerians who fought alongside French colonial forces in Algeria’s war for independence, and were then massacred and ostracized as traitors.
    (AP, 9/20/21)

2021        Sep 24, In Mali French serviceman Maxime Blasco was killed early today in a clash with an armed militant group near the border with Burkina Faso. The sniper who shot Blasco was also killed.
    (Reuters, 9/24/21)

2021        Sep 25, Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov defended the Mali government's right to hire a private Russian military company to help fight terrorists, accusing French troops in the country of failing to get rid of them and scolding the European Union for demanding that the Russian mercenaries leave.
    (AP, 9/25/21)

2021        Sep 28, French Pres. Emmanuel Macron announced that psychology appointments in France will be funded by the government starting next year, amid growing awareness and concern about the importance of mental health.
    (AP, 9/28/21)

2021        Sep 29, France warned of retaliation in Brussels against the United Kingdom and Jersey over their refusal of many post-Brexit fishing licenses, while French trawlermen threatened fresh protests and even an exports blockade.
    (AFP, 9/29/21)
2021        Sep 29, Jersey said it has granted 95 fishing licenses to French trawlers, after a row over post-Brexit access to waters around the British Crown dependency sparked protests.
    (AFP, 9/29/21)

2021        Sep 30, Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy (66) was handed a one-year prison sentence by a Paris court after being found guilty of illegal campaign financing over his failed 2012 re-election bid.
    (Reuters, 9/30/21)
2021        Sep 30, French prosecutors announced late today that DNA from a 59-year-old retired officer corresponded to genetic traces found at the scene of multiple crimes in the 1980s and 1990s. Prosecutors said suspect Francois V was found dead in an apartment in the Mediterranean seaside resort of Grau-du Roi from an apparent medication overdose.
    (AP, 10/1/21)

2021        Oct 3, It was reported that the French Catholic Church has had an estimated 3,000 pedophiles in its ranks over the past 70 years, the head of an independent commission investigating the sex abuse scandal.
    (Reuters, 10/3/21)
2021        Oct 3, Bernard Tapie (78), a French businessman and former Olympique de Marseille (OM) president who led the soccer club to the Champions League title in 1993, died.
    (Reuters, 10/3/21)

2021        Oct 5, A report by the Independent Commission on Sexual Abuse in the Church said clergy members in the Roman Catholic Church in France sexually abused more than 200,000 minors over the past seven decades. The independent commission concluded the problem was far more pervasive and systematic than previously known.
    (NY Times, 10/5/21)

2021        Oct 8, President Emmanuel Macron said France will give back to Benin artworks that were taken from the former French colony's Royal Palaces of Abomey, which has since become a UNESCO World Heritage site.
    (Reuters, 10/8/21)

2021        Oct 9, President Emmanuel Macron said France will launch a campaign for the worldwide abolition of the death penalty as part of its upcoming presidency of the European Union.
    (Reuters, 10/9/21)
2021        Oct 9, Abolhassan Bani-Sadr (88), who became Iran's first president after the 1979 Islamic revolution before fleeing into exile in France, died in Paris following a long illness.
    (Reuters, 10/9/21)

2021        Oct 12, President Emmanuel Macron said France wants to be a leader in green hydrogen by 2030 and build low-carbon planes and small nuclear reactors as part of a 30 billion euro ($35 billion) investment plan dubbed "France 2030".
    (Reuters, 10/12/21)
2021        Oct 12, The French president’s office announced the death of Hubert Germain (101), the last of an elite group of decorated French Resistance fighters who helped liberate France from Nazi control in World War II.
    (AP, 10/12/21)
2021        Oct 12, French bank Societe Generale said it will cut 3,700 jobs between 2023 and 2025 as it merges its retail network with that of its unit Credit du Nord.
    (Reuters, 10/12/21)

2040        In 2017 France's government unveiled a law to ban all production and exploration of oil and natural gas by this time on the country's mainland and overseas territories. In 2017 Britain and France said that by this year new cars reliant on petrol or diesel will be illegal.
    (AP, 9/6/17)(Econ, 9/9/17, p.65)

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Subject = France
End of file.