1588 The British started
trading with the Gambians.
1651 Oct 26, Courlander Gambia
was established as a Latvian colony.
1661 Mar 19, English occupied
St. Andrew Island and other Courlander possessions in Gambia. They
renamed the island James Island with administration by the Royal
Adventurers in Africa Company.
1765 May 25, The Gambia was
made a part of the British colony of SeneGambia with its
headquarters at St. Louis.
1807 Slave trading was
abolished and James Island was used to check and stop the illicit
traffic in slaves.
1816 The British founded Banjul
(Gambia) as a trading post and base for suppressing the slave trade.
Captain Alexander Grant obtained the sandy bank of Banjul Island by
a treaty from the Chief of Kombo and built the planned city of
Bathurst, renamed Banjul in 1973. The British renamed Banjul Island
as St. Mary's Island and first named Bathurst after the 3rd Earl
Bathurst, Secretary of State for War and the Colonies at the time.
The name was changed to Banjul in 1973.
1818 Bathurst (later Banjul)
already had a civilian population of 700 by 1818, the year that
civil government was begun.
1821 Oct 17, The Gambia became
administered as a crown colony from Sierra Leone. Since then Banjul
(Bathurst) has been its capital.
1965 Feb 18, Gambia gained
independence from Britain.
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(www.vdiest.nl/gambia.htm)
1970 Apr, The country became a
republic and a constitution was enacted.
(SFC, 8/10/96, p.A9)
1975 May 25, ECOWAS Treaty1 was
signed. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was
formed in Nigeria with 15 members that included: Benin, Cape Verde,
Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali,
Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo and Upper Volta (later
1977 Apr 16, Alex Haley
(1921-1992) arrived in Juffure, Gambia. He authored “Roots" in 1976.
1981 Jul 30, Senegalese troops
aborted an attempt to overthrow the government of Gambia by a
paramilitary field force. Pres. Jawara was restored to power.
1994 Jul 23, Gambian soldiers
proclaimed a military government in Dakar, Senegal.
1994 Jul, Yahya Jammeh seized
power in Gambia and suspended the 1970 constitution.
(SFC, 8/10/96, p.A9)
1994 Nov, In Gambia about two
dozen military men were executed following a move against dictator
1995 Gambia’s president,
Captain Yahya Jammeh, defended the Nigerian government in the
hanging of Ken Saro-Wiwa.
(WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-16)
1996 Aug 9, Gambia voters
approved a new constitution that gave army ruler Yahya Jammeh the
mandate to hold elections.
(SFC, 8/10/96, p.A9)
1996 Sep 27, In Gambia Yahya
Jammeh defeated 3 civilian rivals in national elections. Observers
said that the elections were severely flawed. Jammeh’s government
had outlawed opposition parties, muzzled the press, forbade meetings
between rival candidates and foreign diplomats, and used soldiers to
attack opposition rallies.
(SFC, 9/28/96, p.A11)
1999 Jan 4, In Sierra Leone
Nigerian troops repelled a rebel attack on Freetown's airport.
Gambia and Mali agreed to send troops to join the Nigerian forces.
(WSJ, 1/5/99, p.A1)
2000 Apr 10, In Gambia police
fired on a student demonstration in Banjul and at least 9 people
were killed. The Gambia Students Union was denied a permit to march
against the recent death of a high school student allegedly tortured
by security members, and the reported rape of a 13-year-old girl by
a police officer.
(SFC, 4/11/00, p.D4)
2000 Apr 11, In Gambia students
set fire to government buildings across the country to protest the
killing of 12 people at a demonstration.
(SFC, 4/12/00, p.A17)
2001 Apr 26, It was reported
that a new malaria vaccine, developed by GlaxoSmithKline, would be
given to children in Gambia in clinical trials funded by a charity
associated with Bill Gates.
(WSJ, 4/25/01, p.B4)
2002 Sep 26, Over 760
passengers and crew were believed to have perished when the crowded
MS Joola, a state-run Senegalese ferry, heaved to its side shortly
before midnight in a fierce storm off the coast of Gambia. There
were only 62 known survivors. The toll was later raised to nearly
(AP, 9/28/02)(SFC, 9/28/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 9/29/02,
p.A18)(WSJ, 9/30/02, p.A1)
2003 Sep, Pres. Jammeh Yahya
named Maimuma Taal-Ndure (34) as director general of Gambia’s Civil
Aviation Authority (CAA).
(WSJ, 12/24/07, p.A8)
2004 Feb 17, The Gambian
president announced the discovery of "large quantities" of oil in
his tiny West African nation, saying the offshore find would
eliminate poverty and hunger.
2004 Aug, Following efforts by
Maimuma Taal-Ndure, Gambia’s director of aviation, Britain removed
Gambia from a blacklist allowing Gambian planes to again land in the
(WSJ, 12/24/07, p.A8)
2004 Dec, Deyda Hydara, a
reporter for Gambian daily The Point, was shot and killed by
unidentified gunmen. In 2017 Gambia issued arrests warrants for two
(AP, 7/31/06)(AP, 5/19/17)
2005 Jul, In Gambia a group of
soldiers captured and killing of over 50 African migrants, including
44 Ghanaians who made the mistake of trying to travel through the
country on their way to Europe. This was only made in 2021 following
two years of Gambia's proceedings of the Truth, Reconciliation and
Reparations Commission (TRRC).
2005 Sep 21, Pilots of a
chartered jet carrying 289 Gambian soccer fans faked the need for an
emergency landing in Peru so passengers could watch their nation's
team play a key match.
2006 Jan 13, Maimuma
Taal-Ndure, Gambia’s director of aviation, was arraigned on charges
of economic crime, mostly related to the improvement of Banjul
Airport. Taal-Ndure had resisted efforts transfer aviation agency
funds to another government agency. Her case was dismissed following
a trial that stretched over 18 months.
(WSJ, 12/24/07, p.A8)
2006 Mar, Gambia police closed
the leading opposition paper, The Independent, after it published an
article that incorrectly named a former interior minister among 23
people arrested for plotting a coup attempt. The paper printed a
front-page retraction the next day, but the story ran up against a
harsh new law that mandates prison sentences of at least six months
for printing falsehoods. Daba Marena, director general of Gambia’s
National Intelligence Agency, was arrested for allegedly taking part
in a coup attempt. Amnesty Int’l. later said he may have been
“extra-judicially executed." In 2010 US-exiled Musa Saidykhan,
former editor of The Independent, asked a regional court to order
his government to pay him two million dollars in damages for alleged
torture over the botched coup story.
(AP, 7/31/06)(WSJ, 12/24/07, p.A8)(AFP, 6/3/10)
2006 Jul 1, In Gambia a summit
of more than 50 African leaders opened with the aim of pursuing
regional integration, but conflicts in Darfur and Somalia are
inevitably topping the agenda. Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez
called on Africa to forge closer ties with Latin America to combat
what he called a threat of U.S. hegemony.
(AFP, 7/1/06)(Reuters, 7/1/06)
2006 Jul 2, Africa's leaders
meeting in Gambia agreed to send troops to Somalia to support
regional efforts at calming the chaotic east African state.
2006 Sep 22, Voters in Gambia
went to the polls in a presidential election widely expected to hand
incumbent strongman Yahya Jammeh a third elected term.
2006 Sep 23, Gambian President
Yahya Jammeh easily won a third term and called for a concerted
effort to develop the country socially and economically.
2006 Dec 13, The parliament of
Gambia, one of the world's poorest countries, passed a law to give
former presidents free foreign holidays, cars and personal staff for
life after they leave office. 60% of Gambia’s people live on less
than $1 (50 pence) a day.
2007 Feb 22, Gambia expelled
Fadzai Gwaradzimba, the UN chief representative in the country,
after she expressed doubts over President Yahya Jammeh's claims to
cure AIDS. Jammeh had claimed to have mystical powers and herbs to
treat HIV/AIDS and asthma within three days.
2007 Oct 6, Gambia arrested 2
senior Amnesty International officials on suspicion of spying. Tania
Bernath, Amnesty International's deputy director for Africa and an
advocacy officer Ameen Ayobele, were arrested in the eastern town of
Basse after they visited an opposition politician who has been held
in detention for more than a year. Yaya Dath, a journalist with the
country's privately-owned daily Foroyaa, who was traveling with the
London-based Bernath, a British-American national and Ayobele, a
Nigerian, was also arrested. All 3 were released on bail on Oct 8.
(AFP, 10/8/07)(AFP, 10/8/07)
2008 May 15, Gambia’s Pres.
Yahya Jammeh ordered homosexuals to leave the country and in a
televised speech threatened to cut off the head of anyone discovered
to be gay.
(SFC, 6/3/08, p.A3)
2008 Jun 1, In Liberia at least
eight people suffocated at an overcrowded stadium during a soccer
match between Liberia and Gambia.
2008 Aug 12, Security forces in
Gambia arrested Rear Adm. Bubo Na Tchuto, the suspected leader of an
alleged plot to topple the government in nearby Guinea-Bissau.
2008 Nov 29, In Gambia British
missionary David Fulton (60) and his wife (46) were arrested for
alleged sedition. Fiona Fulton was released in December, 2009. David
Fulton was freed in 2010 after serving nearly two years for
2009 Mar 18, Amnesty
international said authorities in Gambia have rounded up about 1,000
people and forced them to drink hallucinogens in a witch-hunting
campaign. Authorities began inviting "witch doctors," who combat
witches, to come from nearby Guinea soon after the death earlier
this year of President Yahya Jammeh’s aunt. The concoctions left six
(AP, 3/18/09)(AFP, 7/18/11)
2009 Jun 15, In Gambia seven
journalists were detained after criticizing the nation's president,
who has ruled the tiny country since a 1994 coup.
2009 Sep 21, Gambian President
Yahya Jammeh warned that anyone who sought to destabilize the tiny
west African nation would be killed.
2009 Nov 22, Iranian Pres.
Ahmadinejad arrived in Gambia for a 24-hour working visit aimed at
fostering relations between the Islamic republic and the West
2010 Jan 7, Kenya deported
Sheik Abdullah el-Faisal, a Jamaican-born radical Muslim cleric, to
Gambia after several countries, including the United States, denied
him a transit visa. Kenya's immigration minister said Gambian
authorities have agreed to help el-Faisal find his way home to
2010 Feb 26, Sierra Leone and
five other west African countries (Mauritania, Senegal,
Guinea-Bissau, Gambia and Guinea) signed onto an action plan in
Freetown for sustainable mangrove management.
2010 Oct 19, The UN said that
377 people had died in flooding in central and west Africa, with
nearly 1.5 million people affected since the start of the rainy
season in June. The highest toll was in Nigeria with 118, followed
by Ghana (52), Sudan (50), Benin (43), Chad (24), Mauritania (21),
Burkina Faso (16), Cameroon (13), Gambia (12), with other countries
reporting less than 10 dead.
2010 Oct 28, Israeli officials
said that the military-grade armaments seized at a shipping terminal
in Nigeria came from Iran and were bound for the Hamas-controlled
Gaza Strip. On Oct 30 an international shipping company said the
weapons cache originally came from Iran. Last week, the Iranian
shipper filed a request for the containers to be picked up again and
this time shipped to the West African nation of Gambia. On Feb 1,
2011, Azim Aghajani of Iran and his alleged accomplice, Nigerian
national Usman Abbas Jega, both maintained their innocence against
three charges over the shipment.
(AP, 10/28/10)(AP, 10/30/10)(AP, 2/1/11)
2010 Nov 22, A Gambian Foreign
Ministry statement was issued giving Iranian government officials 48
hours to leave the country. The next day a senior Gambian security
official said the move was linked to Nigeria's recent seizure of
arms sent from Iran which were allegedly destined for Gambia.
2011 Feb 8, Hussein Abdullahi,
Iran's ambassador to Nigeria, said that he had spoken to senior
officials of the Nigerian government as soon as an arms shipment was
seized last Oct 26 and told them that the intercepted cargo was the
third of four Gambia-bound shipments originating from Iran.
2011 Feb 9, Hussein Abdullahi,
Iran's ambassador to Nigeria, said that a Gambia-bound arms shipment
seized at Nigeria's busiest port three months ago did not breach
sanctions imposed by the UN, because Iran and Gambia had signed a
secret agreement two years before the UN's 2010 ban on Iranian arms
2011 Apr 22, Gambia said it
wants the Libyan ambassador loyal to Moammar Gadhafi to leave and
declared its support for the Benghazi-based rebel council.
2011 May 9, The Gambian high
court granted an application allowing the government to seize
millions of dollars worth of Libyan assets "until a government
recognized by the United Nations is in place in Libya."
2011 Jun 7, In Gambia former
communications minister Amadou Janneh, a US national, was arrested
along with others for "conspiring among themselves to carry out an
enterprise with force with the intent to usurp the executive powers
of the state."
2011 Jul 18, Gambian Pres.
Yahya Jammeh (46) said that neither the upcoming November
presidential election nor a military coup, but only God, could
unseat him from power.
2011 Jul 19, Gambian
prosecutors charged Ndey Tapha Sosseh, the former president of the
Gambia Press Union, with treason for attempting to overthrow the
government of President Yahya Jammeh. She was currently living in
exile in Mali.
2011 Oct 12, A Gambian court
sentenced eight foreigners to 50 years in prison for trafficking
cocaine worth a billion dollars. They included 4 Venezuelans, 2
Dutchmen, a Mexican and a Nigerian. Another accused Venezuelan died
before the judgment.
2011 Nov 24, Gambia,
continental Africa's smallest country, held elections. Voters popped
a glass marble into a colored drum representing their candidate.
President Yahya Jammeh (46) was widely expected to win a fourth term
in office. The 15-nation Economic Community of West African States
(ECOWAS) withdrew from observing the poll after a fact-finding
mission. Jammeh won with 72% of the vote.
(AFP, 11/24/11)(SFC, 11/26/11, p.A2)
2011 Dec 12, International
Criminal Court (ICC) member states, meeting at The Hague,
unanimously elected Fatou Bensouda of Gambia as the new chief
prosecutor for the main genocide and war crimes tribunal.
2012 Jan 7, In Gambia Mamadou
Jallow, a reporter with the privately owned The Daily News, was
arrested. 3 days later he was charged with defaming a local chief in
the Central River Region. Jallow had interviewed local farmers who
accused chief Mamadou Lamin Baldeh of mismanaging public assets.
2012 Jan 17, Gambia's High
Court sentenced Amadou Janneh, the former information minister, to
life imprisonment for conspiring to overthrow the ruler of 17 years
with T-shirts demanding an end to dictatorship. 3 others were
sentenced to three years' imprisonment.
2012 Feb 2, Gambian President
Yahya Jammeh dissolved his cabinet, two months after he was
reelected to a fourth term as the head of Africa mainland's smallest
2012 Mar 5, Gambia's Supreme
Court upheld a request by the government to lift economic sanctions
imposed on Libyan assets during the toppled regime of Moamer
Kadhafi. The move restores tens of millions of dollars (euros) in
property invested by the Libyan Arab African Investment Company
(LAAICO) in Gambia to the ruling National Transitional Council in
2012 Mar 29, Gambians began
voting in parliamentary elections boycotted by the opposition which
has accused the ruling party of abusing the system to tip the poll
in its favor. The election only took place in 23 of the 48
constituencies as the remaining 25 parliamentary seats held by the
ruling Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction (APRC)
went unopposed due to the boycott.
2012 Apr 21, Gambia's President
Yahya Jammeh warned foreign diplomats his country would not be
"bribed" with aid to accept homosexuality.
2012 May 22, Gambian President
Yahya Jammeh issued a harsh warning to criminals in the tiny African
nation, telling security chiefs to "shoot first and ask questions
2012 Jun 15, Gambia's Fatou
Bensouda (51) was sworn as the International Criminal Court's new
chief prosecutor, saying she was ready to lead the fight against the
world's worst war criminals.
2012 Aug 19, Gambian President
Yahya Jammeh told his people that by the middle of September all
those already sentenced to death for crimes will be executed.
2012 Aug 24, Gambia executed
nine convicted criminals. Amnesty International warned that dozens
more on death-row were under imminent threat as the West African
nation carries out its first death sentences in 27 years.
2012 Sep 15, Gambian President
Yahya Jammeh issued a statement saying that has he suspended the
imminent executions of 37 inmates sentenced to death, as long as
violent crime does not rise in Gambia.
2012 Dec 3, Gambia detained
Imam Baba Leigh. Media reports linked his arrest with comments he
made in August 2012 in which he described the executions of nine
people carried out by the government as "un-Islamic." Leigh was
released on May 10, 2013.
2012-2013 In Gambia funds from a dollar bank
account in the name of the Jammeh Foundation for Peace, a charity
founded by President Yahya Jammeh, flowed to Jammeh himself, not to
foundation projects, according to bank records and interviews in
2017 with a former charity official and a former presidential staff
2013 Sep 27, Gambia's Pres.
Yahya Jammeh warned the UN General Assembly that gays were a threat
to human existence, along with excessive greed and obsession with
world domination, and criticized other countries for regarding
homosexuality as a human right.
2013 Oct 2, The Gambian
government announced that the former British colony is pulling out
of the Commonwealth with immediate effect, saying it would "never be
a member of any neo-colonial institution."
2013 Nov 14, Gambia’s Pres.
Yahya Jammeh announced a break off of diplomatic relations with
Taiwan after 18 years. The move was greeted with "shock and regret"
by Taipei, which is now recognised by just 22 nations.
2013 Dec 18, Gambia jailed
United Democratic Party treasurer Amadou Sanneh, a leading
opposition politician, for sedition after he helped two supporters
planning to flee to Finland.
2013 Gambia’s population was
about 1.8 million.
(Econ, 8/24/13, p.65)
2014 Feb 18, Gambia's President
Yahya Jammeh called homosexuals "vermin."
2014 Aug, The government of
Gambia brought in fresh anti-gay legislation.
(Econ, 10/11/14, p.27)
2014 Oct 9, Gambia’s Pres.
Yahya Jammeh signed into law a bill that calls for life imprisonment
for some homosexual acts.
(SFC, 11/22/14, p.A2)
2014 Dec 10, A group of Gambian
diplomats were jailed after being found guilty of running a huge
tax-dodging tobacco operation out of the Gambian embassy in London.
Yusupha Bojang (54), was identified as the ringleader of the
operation, ordering half-a-million packets of tax-free rolling
tobacco over three years and selling it out of the west London
2014 Dec 23, The US White House
announced Gambia's termination as a beneficiary of the African
Growth and Opportunity Act in response to human rights abuses,
including a law signed in October that imposes life imprisonment for
some homosexual acts.
2014 Dec 30, In Gambia gunfire
erupted around the presidential palace in Banjul overnight and
soldiers blocked a bridge leading to the center of town but the
government denied reports of an attempted coup. President Yahya
Jammeh (40) was on a private visit to Dubai. 3 suspects including
the alleged ringleader, identified as Lamin Sanneh, were killed.
(Reuters, 12/30/14)(AFP, 1/1/15)
2014 Gambia devoted 23% of its
revenue to debt service. This was up from 15% in 2009.
(Econ, 1/31/15, p.64)
2015 Jan 1, A Gambia military
source said four officers suspected of participating in a failed
military coup against strongman President Yahya Jammeh have taken
refuge in Guinea-Bissau. Dozens of military personnel and civilians
were arrested and a large cache of weapons and explosives were found
after the alleged coup attempt.
2015 Jan 5, The US Justice
Department said it has charged two men, Cherno Njie (57) and Papa
Faal (46), for their involvement in the failed Dec. 30 attempt to
overthrow the government of Gambia.
2015 Mar 30, Gambia sentenced
three soldiers to death after a secret trial in which they were
convicted of participating in a December 30 attempted coup. Three
other soldiers received life sentences.
(SFC, 4/2/15, p.A2)
2015 May 19, Gambia's
government said it is willing to resettle Muslim Rohingya migrants
stranded at sea after fleeing predominantly Buddhist Myanmar.
2015 May, Gambian President
Yahya Jammeh said he would slit the throats of men who wanted to
marry other men in the small West African nation.
2015 Jun 27, The Gambian
government withdrew an expulsion order for Gambian-Lebanese
multi-millionaire Hussein Tajudeen, a former close friend of
President Yahya Jammeh. He had been ordered to leave the country
earlier this month for unacceptable business practices that are
detrimental to the Gambian economy.
2015 Jun, Gambia dictator Yahya
Jammeh allegedly drugged and raped Toufah Jallow, angry that she had
turned down his marriage proposal. Jallow soon fled Gambia, fearing
for her life. In 2019 she held a press conference to share her
account via social media and in a human rights report. In 2021 she
released her memoir: “Toufah: The Woman Who Inspired an African
#MeToo Movement," written with journalist Kim Pattaway.
2015 Jul 17, Gambia's President
Yahya Jammeh warned that death row inmates should expect to have
their sentences implemented, apparently signalling an end to a
three-year unofficial moratorium on executions.
2015 Jul 24, Gambia released
more than 200 prisoners, including 31 jailed for treason during
multiple plots to overthrow long-ruling President Yahya Jammeh.
2015 Nov 25, Gambia's President
Yahya Jammeh advocated banning female genital mutilation, giving
hope to human rights activists who are urging Gambia to adopt a law
against the practice.
2015 Dec 11, Gambia's President
Yahya Jammeh declared the formerly secular country an Islamic
republic in a move he said was designed to distance the West African
state further from its colonial past.
2015 Dec 28, Gambian lawmakers
passed a bill criminalizing female circumcision and introducing
prison terms of up to three years for anyone flouting the ban.
2016 Jan 13, Gambia's
government lifted a recent directive stating that all female staff
with the government must cover their hair during office hours.
2016 Mar 17, China established
diplomatic ties with Gambia, once a Taiwan ally.
(Econ, 3/26/15, p.46)
2016 Jun, Gambia’s Pres. Yahya
Jammeh announced that child marriage is now banned with immediate
effect, punishable by 20 years in prison for both the husband and
parents of the girl being married. Gambia became the 13th nation in
Africa to join the African Union's (AU) campaign to end child
2016 Aug 19, In Gambia local
party official Ebrima Solo Krummah, who was detained in May during a
rare protest, died after being hospitalised and undergoing an
operation in the second such case in five months.
2016 Dec 1, Gambian President
Yahya Jammeh faced the strongest electoral challenge of his 22-year
rule as voters went to the polls, braving an internet and phone
blackout the government defended as a security measure. Opposition
candidate Adama Barrow pulled off a stunning victory, comfortably
winning the presidential election and putting an end to the 22-year
rule of Yahya Jammeh.
(AFP, 12/1/16)(AFP, 12/2/16)
2016 Dec 5, A Gambian court
freed a prominent lawyer and 18 other political prisoners on bail
pending an appeal of their jail sentence for "unlawful assembly", in
a sign that President Yahya Jammeh's shock election defeat last week
could end years of repression.
2016 Dec 9, Gambian President
Yahya Jammeh declared he no longer accepted the results of the
December 1 vote. Jammeh cited "unacceptable errors" by election
authorities and called for new polls.
2016 Dec 10, Gambian
President-elect Adama Barrow called on longtime leader Yahya Jammeh
(51) to drop his challenge to last week's election and appealed for
calm following the dramatic political U-turn.
2016 Dec 13, African leaders
urged Gambia's long-ruling President Yahya Jammeh to respect the
will of the people and step down following his defeat in an
2016 Dec 17, In Nigeria African
leaders at the 50th summit of the 15-member Economic Community of
West African States (ECOWAS) called for a swift resolution of the
political impasse in Gambia after disputed elections in which
long-term president Yahya Jammeh is refusing to concede defeat.
2016 Dec 20, Gambian President
Yahya Jammeh vowed to stay in power when his mandate ends in
January, defying calls from West African leaders to hand over to the
winner of a Dec. 1 election.
2016 Dec 23, Marcel de Souza,
the president of the Economic Community of West African States, said
West African leaders will send troops into Gambia if its longtime
ruler who lost elections does not step down next month.
2016 Dec 29, Gambia's president
ordered the electoral commission building taken over by police on
December 13 to reopen, saying it had been shut for safety reasons.
Gambia is facing prolonged political deadlock as Pres. Jammeh has
said he will await a Supreme Court ruling, delayed until January 10,
before ceding power.
2016 Dec 31, Gambian President
Yahya Jammeh accused the West African regional bloc ECOWAS of
declaring war after demanding that he stand down following his
defeat at the ballot box.
2016 Michael Sang Correa, a
Gambian member of a feared paramilitary unit known as the
"Junglers," entered the US as bodyguard for Gambia's vice-president
on a trip to the UN but did not return home. In 2020 Correa (41) was
arrested in Denver and charged with torturing political prisoners in
his home country following a failed coup in 2006.
2016 The population of Gambia
was about 1.9 million.
(Econ, 12/10/16, p.49)
2017 Jan 1, Gambian security
agents closed three private radio stations near the capital, Banjul,
amid an escalating political crisis triggered by President Yahya
Jammeh's refusal to accept his election defeat.
2017 Jan 4, The Gambia's army
chief reaffirmed his loyalty to Pres. Yahya Jammeh despite the
threat of a regional military intervention if the strongman refuses
to step down.
2017 Jan 9, A Gambian foreign
ministry source said President Yahya Jammeh has fired 12 ambassadors
after they called for him to step aside and allow opposition leader
Adama Barrow to take power.
2017 Jan 17, Gambian Pres.
Jammeh declared a state of emergency, after refusing to hand power
to opposition leader Adama Barrow who won an election on Dec. 1.
2017 Jan 17, It was reported
that Morocco has offered Gambia's President Yahya Jammeh asylum in
return for accepting election defeat and stepping down.
2017 Jan 18, Gambia's
parliament has passed a resolution to allow President Yahya Jammeh
to stay in office for another three months, as the veteran leader
showed no sign of preparing to hand over power and Senegal moved
soldiers towards the border.
2017 Jan 18, Senegal presented
a draft resolution to the UN Security Council seeking support for
ECOWAS efforts to press Gambian leader Yahya Jammeh to step down. At
least 26,000 people have fled Gambia into Senegal fearing President
Yahya Jammeh's decision to stay in power.
(AFP, 1/18/17)(AP, 1/18/17)
2017 Jan 19, Gambian
president-elect Adama Barrow was sworn in at the country's embassy
in Senegal, as African troops massed at the border to force
incumbent Yahya Jammeh to quit after his election defeat.
2017 Jan 20, Gambia's army
chief General Ousman Badjie said that he recognized new President
Adama Barrow as the new commander-and-chief and would not fight a
regional force poised to depose Yahya Jammeh, who has refused to
2017 Jan 21, Gambia’s defeated
leader Yahya Jammeh announced that he has decided to relinquish
(SFC, 1/21/17, p.A4)
2017 Jan 22, In Gambia West
African troops were seen approaching the capital, Banjul, as they
sought to secure the country and allow new President Adama Barrow to
take office. Dictator Yahya Jammeh fled Gambia overnight en route to
Equatorial Guinea as the regional force was poised to remove him.
(Reuters, 1/22/17)(Econ, 1/28/17, p.41)
2017 Jan 22, Equatorial
Guinea's opposition denounced the government's decision to welcome
exiled Gambian President Yahya Jammeh, who flew to the Central
African nation over the weekend after 22 years in power. A special
adviser to Gambia’s Pres. Barrow accused Jammeh of plundering state
coffers for $11 million and shipping out luxury vehicles by cargo
plane prior to his departure.
(AP, 1/23/17)(Econ, 1/28/17, p.41)
2017 Jan 24, Gambia's
parliament revoked a state of emergency imposed last week by former
President Yahya Jammeh shortly before he fled into exile, as the
tiny West African country slowly recovered from its political
2017 Jan 26, An aircraft
carrying Gambian President Adama Barrow arrived in the capital
Banjul, days after his predecessor Yahya Jammeh fled into exile
under pressure from regional forces.
2017 Jan 28, Gambian President
Adama Barrow said that every aspect of his tiny west African state
would need an overhaul after ex-leader Yahya Jammeh's 22-year rule,
but that its dread secret police would remain.
2017 Feb 9, The European Union
announced aid worth 225 million euros ($240 million) for Gambia as
President Adama Barrow warned that the nation was "virtually
bankrupt" due to economic mismanagement by the former regime.
2017 Feb 10,
The United Nations received a notice from Gambia reversing its
withdrawal from the International Criminal Court.
2017 Feb 18, Thousands of
Gambians gathered at Independence Stadium to witness the official
inauguration of President Adama Barrow and celebrate the country’s
independence anniversary. Barrow said orders have already been given
for all those detained without trial to be released.
2017 Feb 19, Gambian police
arrested 51 people in a former stronghold of ex-president Yahya
Jammeh for harassing followers of new leader Adama Barrow, amid
lingering tensions following Jammeh's flight into exile.
2017 Mar 28, A Gambian boy (16)
was rescued by a Spanish frigate after a rubber boat packed with 147
migrants sank in the Mediterranean shortly after leaving Libya a few
days earlier. The sole survivor was transferred to an Italian Coast
Guard ship. 140 others disembarked at a different port March 30 and
several identified the boy as having been on the same boat. Aid
groups said this reduced the death toll to five.
(Reuters, 3/29/17)(Reuters, 3/31/17)
2017 Apr 6, Gambians voted in
the first election since longtime leader Yahya Jammeh left power,
with opposition parties set to gain seats after being left in the
cold for years during what was tantamount to one-party rule. Pres.
Adama Barrow’s United Democratic Party (UDP) won 31 of the 53
available elected seats in the country's National Assembly. Jammeh's
Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction (APRC) shrank
from 43 elected seats to five.
(AFP, 4/6/17)(AFP, 4/7/17)
2017 May 3, Swiss authorities
extended the detention of Ousman Sonko, Gambia's former interior
minister, for another three months amid an investigation into
accusations he committed crimes against humanity while serving in
the African country's government.
2017 May 18, A Gambian court
issued international arrest warrants late today for former Colonel
Kawsu Camara and Major Sanna Manjang. They are suspected of
murdering journalist Deyda Hydara in 2004 during the rule of former
president Yahya Jammeh, who fled into exile in January after 22
years of power marred by alleged human rights abuses.
2018 Feb 8, The Gambia was
readmitted to the Commonwealth, welcomed back following the
democratic election of President Adama Barrow, who reversed the
shock pullout of 2013.
2018 Feb 18, Gambia's Pres.
Adama Barrow declared a moratorium on the death penalty, calling it
a "first step toward abolition," while addressing a large crowd
gathered for the country's independence anniversary.
2018 Oct 15, Gambia swore in an
11-member commission tasked with shedding light on summary
executions, disappearances, torture, rape and other crimes under
ousted dictator Yahya Jammeh.
2018 Nov 5, France gave 30
million euros ($34 million) of aid to Gambia as part of efforts to
support its democratic transition and ensure stability in a region
Paris deems vital to its interests.
2018 Gambia got the backing of
the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) to take Myanmar to the
UN's Int'l. Court of Justice (ICJ).
(Econ., 1/2/21, p.46)
2019 Jan 7, In Gambia a truth
commission began hearing witness testimony as it set about
investigating rights violations committed by the regime of Yahya
2019 Mar 27, A report by the
investigative group Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project
said Gambia's ex-President Yahya Jammeh looted the tiny West African
nation of $1 billion through fear and privilege during his 22 years
in power, an amount more than 10 times higher than originally
estimated by the new government, leaving the country in lingering
debt. The $1 billion was used to finance his lavish lifestyle and is
believed to still support him in his exile in Equatorial Guinea.
2019 Jun 26, Human Rights Watch
(HRW) said former Gambian president Yahya Jammeh "handpicked" women
whom he would rape or sexually coerce, offering cash, gifts and
other privileges in exchange.
2019 Nov 11, Gambia filed a
case at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) accusing Myanmar of
committing genocide against its Rohingya Muslim minority, drawing
praise from human rights groups and Rohingya activists. The Gambia
filed the lawsuit on behalf of the Organization of Islamic
Cooperation, a coalition of 57 countries with significant Muslim
2019 Dec 9, Canada and the
Netherlands put out a joint statement in support of Gambia, the
tiny, mainly Muslim West African country that filed the suit in
which the Buddhist-majority Myanmar is accused of genocide against
its Rohingya Muslim minority a day before genocide hearings begin at
the International Court of Justice in The Hague.
2020 Jan 10, The United Nations
said seven countries -- Lebanon, Yemen, Venezuela, Central African
Republic, Gambia, Lesotho and Tonga -- have fallen behind in their
financial contributions and would not be able to in the 74th session
of the General Assembly.
2020 Mar 18, Gambia announced
its first coronavirus case.
2020 May 29, In Georgia Momodou
Lamin Sisay (39), the son of a Gambia diplomat, was shot by police
after a car chase. The police said he had produced a gun. Gambia's
Ministry of Foreign Affairs soon called for an investigation.
2020 Jul 8, It was reported
that China has imported more than 300,000 tons of West African
rosewood (Pterocarpus erinaceus) from The Gambia since President
Adama Barrow came to power in 2017. The rosewood being shipped out
of The Gambia to China comes from the Casamance region of southern
Senegal, where it is illegal to fell or export a rosewood tree.
2020 Jul 15, US authorities
alleged in a lawsuit that former Gambian President Yahya Jammeh used
bribery proceeds and stolen government funds to buy a mansion in a
suburb of Washington, DC, as they sought to seize the property.
Jammeh reportedly acquired at least 281 properties during his time
in office and operated more than 100 private bank accounts directly
or through companies or foundations in which he has shares or an
2020 Sep 16, It was reported
that the US has imposed sanctions on The Gambia's former First Lady
Zineb Jammeh after accusing her of corruption during her husband
Yahya Jammeh's rule. She was suspected to have helped him in the
illegal transfer of money, and controlled his assets abroad.
2021 Jan 14, Gambia said it has
recorded its first two cases of the highly infectious coronavirus
variant first found in Britain, in what appears to be the first
confirmation of the variant's presence in Africa.
2021 Nov 25, Investigators with
Gambia’s Truth, Reconciliation and Reparations Commission delivered
a final report to the president Thursday, identifying and
recommending prosecution for those most responsible for crimes and
human rights abuses committed during the 22-year rule of former
President Yahya Jammeh.
2021 Dec 4, Gambians cast their
votes for president using a unique voting system - marbles dropped
into each candidate's ballot drum. President Adama Barrow
comfortably won re-election, though he may face a legal challenge
from opposition candidates who rejected the results because of
(Reuters, 12/4/21)(Reuters, 12/5/21)
2021 Dec 6, Gambian police
fired tear gas to disperse supporters of losing presidential
candidate Ousainou Darboe who had taken to the streets outside the
capital Banjul to contest the re-election of President Adama Barrow.
2021 Dec 24, A Gambian truth
and reconciliation commission said in a published report that former
President Yahya Jammeh was responsible for a spree of killings,
torture and rapes during his 22-year rule over the tiny West African
2021 Dec 28, Gambia's Supreme
Court dismissed a legal challenge to President Adama Barrow's recent
election victory, ruling that the petition had not followed proper