Timeline Germany (F) 1991-2016

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1991        Feb 11, Oscar Nitzchke (90), German architect, died in Paris. His buildings included the UN headquarters in New York, the Los Angeles Opera House.

1991        Feb 13, Arno Breker (90), German sculptor (Third Reich), died in Dusseldorf.

1991        Mar 16, Americans Kristi Yamaguchi, Tonya Harding and Nancy Kerrigan swept the World Figure Skating Championships in Munich, Germany.
    (AP, 3/16/99)

1991        May, German spy Juergen Mohamed Gietler was sentenced to a 5-year jail term after a brief trial that was largely held in secret.
    (SFC, 11/18/97, p.B1)

1991        Jun 20, German lawmakers voted to move the seat of the national government from Bonn back to Berlin.
    (SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A24)(AP, 6/20/01)

1991        Aug, Karlheinz Schreiber, an arms dealer, allegedly gave $530,000 to Walther Leisler Kiep, the treasurer of the Christian Democratic Party, at a Swiss shopping center. The issue was investigated in 1999 and associated to a later government approved sale of tanks to Saudi Arabia.
    (SFC, 11/23/99, p.A14)(SFC, 12/3/99, p.D2)
1991        Aug, In Germany the body of Stephanie Drews (10) was found below the 'Devil's Valley Bridge' about 40 km east of her hometown of Weimar. In 2018 police arrested a 65-year-old man on suspicion of sexually abusing and killing the girl.
    (AP, 3/5/18)

1991        Sep 1, The government announced the creation of the Central Investigative Office for Government Unification Crimes (ZERV). The agency was closed at the end of 2000.
    (SFC, 1/1/01, p.A10)

1991        Nov 23, Klaus Kinski (65), German actor (Android, Nosferatu, Little Drummer Girl), died in California.

1991        Dec 14, Former East German leader Erich Honecker, facing extradition to Germany and trial on manslaughter charges, was offered asylum in North Korea.
    (AP, 12/14/02)

1991        In Germany theTresor night club was launched in a former power station in Berlin. It was one of the first places to play techno music.
    (Econ, 1/9/16, p.46)
1991        Germany passed an ordnance shifting responsibility for the entire life cycle of packaging to producers.
    (Econ, 6/9/07, TQ p.24)
1991        Germany adopted a renewable energy law, which became known as EEG.
    (Econ, 4/5/08, p.67)
1991        In Germany the Inter-City Express (ICE) high-speed trains began running.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)
1991        Hasso Plattner, a former IBM consultant, unveiled the SAP (Systems, Analysis and Program Development) R/3 enterprise management software. The company grew 12-fold from 1990 to 15,000 employees in 1998. Plattner founded the company with Dietmar Hopp.
    (WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1,14)
1991        The last Trabant automobile was manufactured in East Germany.
    (SFC, 2/15/99, p.A10)

1992        Jan 19, German government and Jewish officials dedicated a Holocaust memorial at the villa where the notorious Wannsee Conference had taken place.
    (AP, 1/19/02)

1992        Jan 20, A German court convicted two former East German border guards of the last killing at the Berlin Wall.
    (AP, 1/20/02)

1992        Feb 23, In Germany Blanka Zmigrod (68), a Jewish employee at a Moevenpick restaurant in Frankfurt, was shot dead on her way home from work. Police later suspected that John Ausonius, dubbed "Laserman" for the gunsight he used, was responsible. In 2016 Germany said Ausonius, serving a life sentence in Sweden for a racially motivated spree in Sweden in 1991 and 1992 in which he killed one person and injured 10 others in attacks in the Stockholm area. He will be extradited to Germany to stand trial for the murder of Zmigrod.
    (AP, 12/15/16)(Reuters, 12/13/17)

1992        Mar 5, In Copenhagen the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia and Sweden, in the presence of the representative from the European Commission, opened a 2-day meeting and decided to establish a Council of the Baltic Sea States to serve as a forum for guidance and overall coordination among the participating states. Iceland joined the CBSS in 1995
    (www.bmwi.de/English/Navigation/European-policy/baltic-market.html)(Econ, 6/7/08, p.63)

1992        Mar 27, German Chancellor Helmut Kohl met with Austrian President Kurt Waldheim in Munich, a meeting denounced by Jewish groups because of Waldheim's alleged involvement with Nazi persecution during World War II.
    (AP, 3/27/97)

1992        Apr 13, An earthquake rocked Germany and the Netherlands.

1992        May 6, Actress Marlene Dietrich (b.1901), film star and singer, died at her Paris home at age 90. She was buried in Germany on May 16.
    (SFC, 5/8/96, p.D-2)(AP, 5/16/97)

1992        Jun, BMW executives announced that the company was building its first full production facility outside of Germany in Greenville, South Carolina. The first BMW to roll off the production line in September 1994 was a 318i sedan as the plant transformed into BMW's largest facility in the world.
    (Good Morning America, 12/13/19)

1992        Jul 5, Leaders of the world's seven richest nations gathered in Munich, Germany, for their 18th annual economic summit. President Bush, en route to the summit, told cheering Poles in Warsaw that "America shares Poland's dream."
    (AP, 7/5/97)

1992        Jul 6, The Group of Seven industrial nations opened their 18th annual economic summit in Munich, Germany.
    (AP, 7/6/97)

1992        Jul 8, Russian President Boris Yeltsin met with Group of Seven leaders holding their economic summit in Munich, Germany, where he offered a startling proposal to swap factories, energy resources and other properties for Russian debt.
    (AP, 7/8/97)

1992        Aug 22, Neo-Nazi violence against foreigners erupted in Rostock, Germany.
    (AP, 8/22/97)   

1992        Aug 29, About 13,000 people staged an anti-extremist rally in Rostock, Germany, even as right-wingers continued attacks on immigrants.
    (AP, 8/29/97)(HN, 8/29/98)

1992        Sep 14, Germany cut key interest rates for the first time in five years, an action the United States and European Community nations had been urging to help spur a world economic recovery.
    (AP, 9/14/97)

1992        Sep, In Germany Sadiq Sarafkindi and three other exiled Iranian Kurdish dissidents were slain at the Mykonos restaurant in Berlin. In 1997 a German court concluded that the murders were sponsored by the top political leadership of Iran and orchestrated by a secretive “Committee for special Operations," and carried out by the Iranian Vevak security service.
    (SFC, 4/11/97, p.A1)

1992        Oct 1, Petra Kelly (b.1947), founder of the German Green Party, was shot dead in Bonn.

1992        Oct 8, Willy Brandt (78), former West German Chancellor (1969-74) and Nobel Peace Prize winner (1971), died in Unkel, Germany.
    (AP, 10/8/97)(http://nobelprize.org/peace/laureates/1971/brandt-cv.html)

1992        Nov 8, Some 350,000 people rallied in Berlin against racist violence.
    (AP, 11/8/97)

1992        Nov 23, In Germany, three Turks were killed when rightist militants firebombed their homes in Moelln; in Berlin, hundreds of demonstrators protested in solidarity with foreigners.
    (AP, 11/23/97)

1992        Nov 29, A refugee center in western Germany was firebombed as violence against foreigners continued, despite a police crackdown on neo-Nazis.
    (AP, 11/29/97)

1992        Dec 2, Germany's lower house of parliament voted overwhelmingly in favor of the Maastricht Treaty on European unity.
    (AP, 12/2/97)

1992        Dec 6, Bowing to anti-foreigner sentiment, Germany's main political parties agreed to tighten postwar asylum laws.
    (AP, 12/6/97)

1992        Dec 18, Germany ratified the Treaty on the European Union.

1992        The film “Stalingrad" was directed by Joseph Vilsmaiar.
    (WSJ, 2/5/98, p.A20)

1992        The German Red Army urban guerrilla group abandoned violence.
    (SFC, 5/11/96, p.A-8)
1992        Germany imposed a new tax on investment income.
    (WSJ, 12/4/96, p.A1)
1992        Chancellor Helmut Kohl’s conservative-centrist coalition set an annual quota of 225,000 for new arrivals in order to stem the rush from former Iron Curtain countries.
    (SFC, 1/13/98, p.A11)
1992        In Germany Bremen and Saarland asked to be bailed out of economic difficulties.
    (Econ, 4/29/06, p.56)
1992        Elf-Aquitaine purchased the former East German Leuna refinery. It was later alleged that bribes totaling $44 million were paid by the French government to the German Social Democrats under Helmut Kohl.
    (SFC, 1/24/00, p.A6)

1993        Jan 13, Former East German leader Erich Honecker was freed from prison and allowed to leave for Chile.
    (AP, 1/13/00)

1993        Jan 30, On the 60th anniversary of Hitler's swearing-in as chancellor of Germany, more than 300,000 Germans carried candles to denounce the Nazi era.
    (AP, 1/30/98)

1993        Mar 23, Hans Werner Richter (b.1908), German writer, founder (Gruppe 47), died.

1993        May 18, Heinrich Albertz (78), theologist, mayor of Berlin (1966-67), died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1993        May 29, In Solingen, Germany, four right-wing extremist skinheads aged 16 to 23 set fire to a Turkish family's home. Five Turks, including three young girls, were killed in the firebombing. The attack led to large demonstrations. The events were documented in essays by Jane Kramer collected in 1996 in "The Politics of Memory: Looking for Germany in the New Germany."
    (SFEC, 10/20/96, BR, p.5)(AP, 5/29/98)(AFP, 5/29/18)

1993        Jul 3, Steffi Graf of Germany won her third consecutive Wimbledon title as she defeated Jana Novotna of the Czech Republic.
    (AP, 7/3/98)

1993        Aug 15, Robert W. Kempner (93), German officer of justice in Prussia and special US prosecutor of Nazis, died.

1993        Sep 16, A judge in Berlin convicted three elderly former Communist leaders in the shooting deaths of East Germans who had tried to scale the Berlin Wall.
    (AP, 9/16/98)

1993        Oct 13, A German who had stabbed tennis star Monica Seles received a suspended jail term.
    (AP, 10/13/03)

1993        Oct 29, A group of U.S. luge athletes was attacked by right-wing skinheads in Oberhof, Germany.
    (AP, 10/29/98)

1993        Nov, In Germany unemployment hit a country record of 3.5 million.

1993        Dec 18, The United States and Germany pledged close cooperation to help Boris Yeltsin through Russia's political and economic crises in a meeting in Oggersheim between Vice President Al Gore and Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
    (AP, 12/18/98)

1993        Will Tremper, German journalist, screenwriter and film director, published his autobiography “My Wild Years."
    (SFC, 12/17/98, p.C11)

1993        The documentary film “The Wonderful, Horrible Life of Leni Riefenstahl" was made by German director Ray Muller.
    (SFC, 1/19/99, p.B1)

1993        Peter Eigen (b.1938) founded the Advisory Council Transparency International, a Berlin-based global civil society organization leading the fight against corruption.
1993        Germany passed a 30% withholding tax on investment income. It caused billions of marks to flow out of Germany and into Luxembourg.
    (WSJ, 6/14/96, p.A10)
1993        Germany passed a law that limited last names to two in an effort to prevent clunky name chains.
    (AP, 5/5/09)
1993        In Germany the naturalization law of 1913 was modified to allow citizenship after 15 years of residency. A 1999 bill proposed to reduce the waiting time to 8 years.
    (SFC, 5/7/99, p.D2)
1993        The Reinheitsgebot law of 1516 was relaxed to allow foreign brewers to sell their beer in Germany.
    (WSJ, 5/27/98, p.A1)
1993        In Germany Edmund Stoiber was elected premier of Bavaria. He announced his resignation in 2007.
    (Econ, 1/20/07, p.62)

1993        In Germany Neo-Nazi Silvio Kackowski was arrested for setting fire to a resort complex that was to become housing for foreign asylum seekers. In 1997 it was learned that villagers paid the arsonists and supplied them with materials for the fires.
    (SFC, 2/13/97, p.C3)

1993        Swiss architect Peter Zumthor won the “Topography of Terror" design competition for the Wilhelmstrasse government district, former headquarters of the Nazi police forces. By 2000 the $13 million project had escalated to $35 million and was put on hold.
    (SFC, 5/8/00, p.A12)

1993        The Red Army Faction (RAF) called an end to its armed struggle.
    (WSJ, 1/11/00, p.A8)

1993        Daimler-Benz acquired the Dutch plane-maker NV Fokker.
    (WSJ, 1/26/96, A-6)

1993        Ferdinand Piech left Audi and took over operations at Volkswagen, where he turned losses into profits. He was the grandson of founder Ferdinand Porsche and the son of the company’s wartime chief, Anton Piech. In 2002 he was succeeded by Bernd Pischetsrieder. Piech (65) became chairman of Volkswagen’s supervisory board.
    (WSJ, 11/7/96, p.A17)(Econ, 12/2/06, p.70)

1994        Apr 7, Angelus Gottfried "Golo" Mann (85), German-US historian, died.
    (MC, 4/7/02)

1994        May 29, Erich Honecker (81), former East German leader (1971-89), died of liver cancer in Chile.
    (AP, 5/29/99) (SFC, 8/26/97, p.A17)

1994        Aug 18, Gottlob Frick (b.1906), German operatic basso, died.

1994        Aug 31, Russia officially ended its military presence in the former East Germany and the Baltics after a half-century.
    (AP, 8/31/99)

1994        Sep 8, The Last US, British & French troops left West-Berlin.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1994        Oct, The Nobel Prize in Economics was awarded to John C. Harsanyi and John F. Nash of the US and to Reinhard Selten of Germany.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A2)

1994        Nov 15, Helmut Kohl was elected German chancellor (341-340 votes).

1994        Germany’s constitutional court ruled that German soldiers could be allowed outside the NATO area with the approval of parliament.
    (Econ, 11/18/06, p.27)
1994        The Federal Republic of Germany enacted the Compensation for Persons Subjected to Nazi Persecution Act (NS-Verfolgtensentschädigungsgesezt).

1995        Mar, Neo-Nazi Gary Lauck of the US was arrested in Denmark and extradited to Germany for supplying hate literature and paraphernalia.
    (SFC, 8/23/96, p.A18)

1995        German-Jewish writer Stefanie Zweig (1932-2014) authored her autobiographical novel "Nowhere in Africa". The book retold the story of her family's time in Kenya. A movie adaptation won an Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film in 2003.
    (AP, 4/27/14)
1995        In Germany Christo and his wife, Jeanne-Claude, wrapped the Reichstag with over 1 million square feet of silvery polypropylene fabric, secured with over 51,000 feet of polypropylene rope. The project cost some $13 million.
    (SFC, 11/17/98, p.E5)(SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A10)
1995        The film Brother of Sleep was directed by Joseph Vilsmaiar.
    (WSJ, 2/5/98, p.A20)
1995        The film My Mother’s Courage was by German director Michael Verhoeven.
    (SFEC, 7/13/97, DB p.37)
1995        The Violin Concerto No. 2 by Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki was written for the German violinist Anne-Sophie Mutter and premiered in Leipzig with the Central German Radio orchestra.
    (SFC, 11/9/96, p.E1)
1995        Chancellor Kohl was the leader.
    (WSJ, 11/15/95, p.A-1)
1995        Oskar Lafontaine took over leadership of the Social Democrats.
    (SFC, 3/12/99, p.A15)
1995        Germany introduced a 35-hour work week.
    (WSJ, 4/29/04, p.A14)
1995        Germany devised a compromise abortion law that permitted abortions within the first 12 weeks with the issuance of a counseling certificate.
    (SFC, 1/28/98, p.A6)
1995        Berlin was the most populous city and Hamburg, a city-state, was second.
    (Hem., Oct. '95, p.17)
1995        Lewis H. Gann 1925-1997), historian, was awarded the Officer’s Cross of the Order of Merit of the German Federal Republic. He served for over 30 years at the Hoover Institute of Stanford.
    (SFC, 1/25/97, p.A19)
1995        Volkswagen built a large car factory near Lisbon, Portugal.
    (Econ, 1/15/11, p.78)

1996        Jan 1, Arthur Rudolph (89), German-US rocket Engineer, died. His final years were marked by his forced return to his native Germany from the US because of his earlier involvement with the slave labor that powered the Third Reich's V1 & V2 rocket programs.
    (MC, 1/1/02)

1996        Jan 27, Germany commemorated the 1st Holocaust Remembrance Day. On November 1, 2005, the UN General Assembly declared the day 27 of January as the International Day in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust.   

1996        Jan, In Germany the service time for a draftee in the Bundeswehr was reduced from 12 months to ten, and the size of the army was planned to shrink to 340,000.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A15)

1996        Jan, Juergen E. Schrempp, CEO of Daimler-Benz, decided to stop funding NV Fokker. Losses from the Fokker acquisition led to charges totaling $1.5 bil, the largest in German corporate history.
    (WSJ, 1/26/96, A-6)

1996        Feb 6, A Turkish-owned Boeing 757 jetliner crashed into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Puerto Plata shortly after takeoff from the Dominican Republic, killing 189 people, mostly German tourists.
    (WSJ, 2/8/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 5/12/96, p.A-14)(AP, 2/6/01)(WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A14)

1996        Feb 9, Adolf Galland (83), German general (Luftwaffe Ace), died.

1996        Feb 27, It was reported that element 112, aka unumbium, was first made in Darmstadt, Germany, in an experiment led by Peter Armbruster.
    (Econ, 5/5/07, p.100)(http://newton.ex.ac.uk/aip/physnews.260.html)

1996        Mar 16, For the first time, ordinary citizens were allowed inside the central archives of the former East German secret police, the hated Stasi security agency.
    (AP, 3/16/97)

1996        Mar 25, Jan Philipp Reemtsma was attacked, beaten and abducted as he entered his office in Hamburg. For 33 days he was chained to a cellar wall with a ransom set at 30 million marks ($17.6 million). In 1999 he published "In the Cellar," a chronicle of his captivity.
    (WSJ, 2/26/99, p.W11)

1996        Apr 23, In Germany the Federal Security Council decided to allow German firms to co-produce weapons abroad even if they did not know who would end up using them.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)

1996        May, The parliament cleared the way for a high-speed, magnetically levitated train system to link Berlin and Hamburg. The project is estimated to cost $3.7 billion and is to be completed in 2005.
    (WSJ, 5/10/96, p.A-6)

1996        May 20, Public workers in many cities of Germany staged warning strikes against the governments proposed decrease in public spending.
    (SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-10)

1996        May, West Berliners voted to reunite Berlin and Brandenburg while voters in East Berlin and Brandenburg voted against the union. To have been effective a yes vote by both states was necessary.
    (SFC, 5/30/96, p.A12)

1996        Jun 9, The latest unemployment rate was 9.1%.
    (SFC, 6/9/96, Parade, p.9)

1996        Jun 15, Some 350,000 protestors staged demonstrations against the government’s planned austerity program.
    (WSJ, 6/17/96, p.A6)

1996        Jun 28, In Germany an IRA unit fired three mortar shells onto the grounds of the Quebec Barracks in Osnabrueck. Buildings were damaged but no one was injured. James Corry and at least four other accomplices parked a truck with an improvised launch battery outside British barracks and fired three shells. In 2017 Corry, a former member of an IRA splinter group, was convicted of attempted murder sentenced to four years in jail.
    (AP, 12/15/16)(AFP, 10/25/17)

1996        Jul 7, The average cost of a Big Mac in the US was $2.36. In Germany it was $3.22.
    (SFC, 7/7/96, Par, p.17)

1996        Aug 20, In Germany officials arrested 2 businessmen suspected of smuggling computer technology to Libya that could be used to make lethal nerve gas.
    (WSJ, 8/20/96, p.A1)

1996        Aug 22, Neo-Nazi Gary Lauck of the US was sentenced to 4 years in prison for supplying hate literature and paraphernalia for 2 decades.
    (SFC, 8/23/96, p.A18)

1996        Nov 1, A new law governing store hours will take effect. Bakeries will be allowed to sell fresh bread on Sunday mornings, though other stores must remain closed.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.A12)

1996        Sep 15, It was reported that rival Vietnamese gangs were battling a vicious turf war for trading untaxed cigarettes smuggled in by organized crime. The country was trying to coax Vietnam to accept the return of thousands of men in exchange for aid and future credits.
    (SFC, 9/15/96, p.A14)

1996        Oct 1, The East German village of Samswegen (pop.1,400), self-proclaimed as the “Strongest Village in the World," was written up for its weightlifting success.
    (WSJ, 9/30/96, p.A12)

1996        Oct 11, The parliament voted to reduce the 656 seats of the Bundestag, lower house, to 598 seats after elections in 2002.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A11)

1996        Nov, “Volkswagen and Its Workers in the Third Reich" was written by Hans Mommsen and Manfred Grieger. It was sponsored by VW under a $2.2 mil grant.
    (WSJ, 11/7/96, p.A17)

1996        Dec 24, In Frankfurt, Germany, a women blew herself up and 2 others were killed at Lutheran Church Singlingen South.
    (SFC, 12/26/96, p.B3)

1996        Dec, Wim Duisenberg of the Netherlands was approved to run the European Monetary Institute in Frankfurt, Germany.
    (SFC, 5/1/98, p.D6)

1996        Anselm Kiefer created his work "Bohemia Lies by the Sea."
    (WSJ, 1/4/98, p.A8)

1996        Thorsten Becker published "Schones Deutschland," based on the idea of a redivided Germany.
    (Hem., 3/97, p.119)

1996        Werner Henze, composer, published his autobiography "Bohemian Fifths." It was translated to English in 1999.
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, BR p.4)

1996        Chancellor Helmut Kohl published "Ich wolte Deutschlands Einheit" (I Wanted Germany’s Unity).

1996        The German film “Sexy Sadie" by Matthias Glasner was a gangster comedy about a convicted serial killer with a brain tumor.
    (SFC, 1/7/97, p.E1)

1996        Germany’s federal government first sold a chunk of Deutsche Telekom, with shares valued at the D-mark equivalent of €14.57.
    (Econ, 4/12/08, p.72)
1996        Low-tetrahydrocannabinol hemp was made legal and quickly became a fast-growing cash crop. A young Berlin brewer began to add its flowering buds to his beer in violation of the 1516 Reinheitsgebot law on beer ingredients.
    (WSJ, 5/27/98, p.A1)
1996        German-speaking countries approved a reform of German spelling (orthography).
    (Econ, 8/21/04, p.45)

1996        Wolfgang Koeppen (b.1906), German writer, died. His novels included "Pigeons on the Grass" (1951), "The Hothouse" (1953) and "Death in Rome" (1954).
    (WSJ, 6/29/01, p. W12)

1997        Jan-Jun, Neo-Nazis committed 4,829 recorded crimes and 353 of them involved violent attacks.
    (SFEC, 2/8/98, p.A20)

1997        Mar 15, German soldiers, while rescuing foreigners, opened fire under hostile conditions in Albania. This was their first active combat since WW II.
    (SFC, 3/17/97, p.C1)

1997        Mar 17, Ten drunk soldiers beat up 2 Turks and an Italian during a rampage in Detmold.
    (SFC, 3/19/97, p.A12,14)

1997        Apr 10, A German court concluded that Iran’s political leadership ordered the September 1992 slaying of exiled Iranian Kurdish dissidents in Berlin.
    (SFC, 4/11/97, p.A1)

1997        Apr 28, “The Ghosts of Berlin" by Brian Ladd was reviewed. Some 800 years of Berlin history is covered.
    (WSJ, 4/28/97, p.A17)

1997        Apr, The book “Nazi Gold" by Tom Bower was published in the US.
    (WSJ, 4/28/97, p.A17)

1997        May 16, The new 60-story, Commerzbank in Frankfurt by English architect Sir Norman Foster opened.
    (WSJ, 5/14/97, p.B1)

1997        Jun 4, Some 600,000 chemical union workers agreed to allow wage cuts by up to 10% by financially strapped companies. Record unemployment stood at 11% and the government asked unions for some flexibility.
    (SFC, 6/6/97, p.E2)

1997        Jun, Joseph Abdullah (6), the son of a German mother and Iraqi father, drowned in a pool in Sebnitz following an attack by skinhead neo-Nazis.
    (SFC, 11/29/00, p.A17)

1997        Jul 12, In Berlin several hundreds of thousands gathered for the annual Love Parade, a big party for fans of the electronic dance music known as techno.
    (SFEC, 7/13/97, p.D8)

1997        Jul 25, Thousands of German soldiers fought to contain the rain-gorged Oder River.
    (SFC, 7/26/97, p.A12)

1997        Aug 25, Germany convicted 3 politicians from the defunct East German era on charges related to shootings of would-be escapees. Egon Krenz, the last leader of the East German Communist Party, was convicted along with Politburo members Guenther Kleiber and Guenther Schabowski. The conviction was upheld in 1999.
    (SFC, 8/26/97, p.A8)(SFC, 11/9/99, p.A14)

1997        Sep 13, A German military transport, a Soviet-made Tupelov-154 jet, was reported crashed with 24 people off the coast of Angola. A midair collision with a USAF C-141 Starlifter cargo plane from Namibia was reported and the total dead reached 32. Poor communications and faulty regional traffic control were cited as the cause. On Mar 31, 1988 the German government reported that the German crew was at fault for flying in airspace reserved for westbound traffic.
    (SFC, 9/15/97, p.A1)(SFC,12/16/97, p.B1)(WSJ, 3/31/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 4/25/99, p.A5)

1997        Oct 19, In Germany Gunter Grass presented the peace prize of the German book-publishing industry to Yasar Kemal, a Turkish author. Grass criticized his compatriots as "closet racists."
    (SFC,10/21/97, p.A12)

1997        Nov 5, A court in Bonn awarded back wages to a Polish-born Jewish woman for 55 weeks of slave labor at the Weichsel Metall Union company during 1943-1945. Rywka Merin was awarded $8,500.
    (SFC,11/6/97, p.A14)

1997        Nov 13, Parliament amended the 1950 Federal Benefits Law to exclude veterans of disability rights if they violated “principles of humanity of the law" during the Third Reich.
    (SFC,11/14/97, p.D3)

1997        Nov 28, In Germany students spent a week protesting the deteriorating quality of their education and the specter of having to pay for their education.
    (SFC,11/28/97, p.B5)

1997        The German film “Ballermann 6" was about a bar by the same name on the Spanish Island of Majorca.
    (WSJ, 12/4/97, p.A1)
1997        The film “Der bewegte Mann" (Maybe... Maybe Not) was a German satire about tangled relationships.
    (WSJ, 11/5/97, p.B1)
1997        The German film “Didn’t Do It for Love" was a portrait of dominatrix Eva Norwind and was directed by Monika Treut.
    (SFC, 1/9/98, p.D6)
1997        The German film “From Hell to Hell" was directed by Dmitri Astrachan. It was based on a true story of a Jewish mother who gives away her child to a Polish woman as she is deported to a concentration camp. She later tries to reclaim the child and is rebuffed.
    (SFC, 1/9/98, p.D6)
1997        The German film “Knockin’ On Heaven’s Door" was produced by Buena Vista Int’l., a division of Walt Disney Co.
    (WSJ, 11/5/97, p.B1)
1997        The German film “Life Is All You Get" was directed by Wolfgang Becker. It was about a slaughterhouse worker who meets the woman of his dreams.
    (SFC, 1/9/98, p.D6)
1997        The German film “Little Dieter Needs to Fly" was directed by Werner Herzog. It is the story of Dieter Dengler, a German who became a US pilot and a POW in the Vietnam War.
    (SFC, 1/9/98, p.D6)
1997        The German film “Rossini or the Fatal Question, Who Slept With Whom?" was directed by Helmut Dietl. It was comedy-drama about a group of people who go to an Italian restaurant.
    (SFC, 1/9/98, p.D6)
1997        The German film “23" was produced by Buena Vista Int’l., a division of Walt Disney Co.
    (WSJ, 11/5/97, p.B1)
1997        The German film “Winter Sleepers" was directed by Tom Tykwer. It is about 5 people connected around a freak car accident involving a young girl.
    (SFC, 1/9/98, p.D6)

1997        Germany got rid of its wealth tax.
    (Econ, 11/27/10, p.61)
1997        Germany’s Thysen and Krupp steel firms joined forces.
    (Econ, 7/1/06, p.56)
1997        Wal-Mart purchased Wertkauf, a prestigious German chain store. This acquisition was followed by the purchase of Interspar, another German chain store. In 2006 Wal-Mart ended its German operations selling its 85 German stores to Metro.
    (Econ, 8/5/06, p.54)
1997        Alexander Pircher, a student in Darmstadt, Germany, created a web site called Anonymouse.org, which allowed users to type in a Web address in a box and with a click the Anonymouse server fetches and displays the page. This allowed anonymous Web searches.
    (Econ, 12/2/06, TQ p.3)
1997        Germany’s population was about 83 million people.
    (SFC, 1/28/97, p.A8)(WSJ, 12/22/97, p.A1)

1998        Jan 12, Germany announced that it will pay $110 million over 5 years in pensions to Holocaust survivors in Eastern Europe.
    (SFC, 1/13/98, p.A11)

1998        Jan 16, The Bonn Parliament took steps to allowing private phones to be bugged. The Bundestag (lower house) voted to secure a 2/3 majority needed to change the constitution to give police greater powers.
    (SFC, 1/17/98, p.A8)

1998        Feb 5, In Germany thousands protested the high unemployment rate. It had reached 12.6%, or 4.8 million people.
    (SFC, 2/6/98, p.E3)

1998        Feb 17, Ernst Juenger, German writer, died at age 102.
    (SFC, 2/18/98, p.A18)

1998        Feb 22, The Brazilian film “Central Station" by Walter Salles won the top prize at the Berlin Film Festival.
    (SFC, 2/23/98, p.E5)

1998        Feb 24, Six service-sector unions agreed to merge by year 2000 to create the world’s largest union with 4 million members.
    (WSJ, 2/25/98, p.A1)

1998        Mar 1, In Germany, Lower Saxony Governor Gerhard Schroeder won a sweeping re-election that paved the way for his successful campaign to oust Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
    (AP,  3/1/99)

1998        Mar 3, Over 130,000 public sector workers stopped work. The 2nd walkout in 2 days was for a 4.5% increase in pay.
    (SFC, 3/4/98, p.C4)

1998        Mar 19-25, CeBIT, the world’s largest exhibition for information and communications, was held in Hanover. 600,000 visitors were expected.
    (FT, 3/4/98, p.IT4)

1998        Mar 20, Thousands of protestors attempted to halt a train of atomic waste from southern Germany from reaching its final destination of Ahaus in northern Germany.
    (SFC, 3/21/98, p.A10)

1998        Mar 21, Christina Nytsch (11) was found raped and murdered in woods 8 miles from her home in Struecklingen. In April Police began collecting saliva from 18,000 local men to test for a DNA match. Police found a match and arrested a suspect in Elisabethfehn in May, 1998. The man, a father of 3 children, confessed to another rape of an 11-year-old girl in Jan, 1996.
    (SFC, 4/10/98, p.A18)(SFEC, 5/31/98, p.A24)

1998        Mar 27, Ferdinand Porsche, creator of the Porsche sports car, died at age 88 in Vienna. He was born in Wiener-Neustadt and moved to Germany with his family after WW I where his father became chief engineer of Daimler-Benz, the manufacturer of the Mercedes Benz cars. He wrote an autobiography titled “Cars Are My Life."
    (SFC, 3/28/98, p.B12)

1998        Mar 30, In Britain the Rolls-Royce company of Vickers PLC was sold to BMW of Germany for $570 million. However, BMW was later successfully outbid by Volkswagen AG
    (SFC, 3/31/98, p.B4)(AP, 3/30/08)

1998        Apr 17, Gerhard Schroeder was endorsed by the Social Democrats to run against Helmut Kohl in the Sep 27 elections.
    (SFC, 4/18/98, p.A10)

1998        Apr 26, The Christian Democrats lost ground to the Social Democrats in elections in Saxony-Anhalt. A neo-Nazi party took 13% of the vote. The German People’s Party (DVU) was largely bankrolled by Gerhard Frey, a Bavarian millionaire publisher.
    (WSJ, 4/27/98, p.A1)(SFC, 7/23/98, p.A10)

1998        May 6, Jurgen Schrempp of Daimler Benz and Robert Eaton of Chrysler announced in London that the German auto company will purchase Chrysler in a $38 billion merger.
    (WSJ, 5/8/98, p.W1)

1998        May 7, The $34.7 billion merger of Daimler-Benz and Chrysler Corp. was confirmed in London.
    (USAT, 5/7/98, p.1A)

1998        May 12, Hermann Lenz, author of the 17 part “Swabian Chronicle" died at age 85.
    (SFC, 5/14/98, p.A27)

1998        May 13, Pres. Clinton traveled to Germany to meet with Chancellor Kohl and commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Berlin Airlift.
    (WSJ, 5/12/98, p.A1)

1998        May 28, The German parliament approved a mass pardon for hundreds of thousands of people who were punished unjustly by Nazi courts.
    (SFC, 5/29/98, p.D4)

1998        Jun 1, The European Central Bank (ECB) was established by the Treaty of Amsterdam. It is headquartered in Frankfurt, Germany. It began operating on Jan 1, 1999.

1998        Jun 3, The high-speed ICE 884 train derailed near Eschede and 94 people were killed. A damaged wheel was later cited as the cause.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/8/98, p.A1)

1998        Jun 5, Volkswagen won the bid for Rolls Royce for $703 million.
    (SFC, 6/6/98, p.D1)

1998        Jun 27, Some 10,000 gays and lesbians took part in the 20th commemoration of Christopher St. Day with a march through Berlin.
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, p.A20)

1998        Jul 11, Some 600,000 people gathered in Berlin for the annual Love Parade, billed as the largest celebration of techno music.
    (SFEC, 7/12/98, p.A18)

1998        Aug 3, Soviet composer Alfred Schnittke (63) died in Germany. The Kronos Quartet released a 2-disk recording “Alfred Schnittke: The Complete String Quartets" just weeks before his death.
    (WSJ, 8/4/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 10/18/98, DB p.49)

1998        Aug 13, A monument to the Berlin Wall and the 255 people who died crossing it was dedicated at the corner of Ackerstrasse and Bernauer Strasse.
    (WSJ, 9/10/98, p.A20)

1998        Aug 20, The German heavy-metal band Rammstein was reported to be making a hit in the US with their “Sehnsucht" (yearning) album.
    (WSJ, 8/21/98, p.B1)

1998        Sep 16, In Germany Mamduh Mahmud Salim, an alleged terrorist associated with Osama bin Laden, was arrested.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.C16)

1998        Sep 27, Social Democrat Gerhard Schroeder won the national elections over Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
    (SFC, 9/28/98, p.A1)

1998        Sep 28, Gerhard Schroeder announced that he would form a coalition between his Social Democrats and the Green Party, which received 6.7% of the vote. The 669-seat parliament would have 298 Social Democrats and 47 Greens.
    (SFC, 9/29/98, p.A9)

1998        Sep 30, Gerhard Schroeder visited with Socialist leaders in France and endorsed controls on capital flows.
    (WSJ, 10/1/98, p.A1)

1998        Sep, In the last days before Kohl handed power over to Gerhard Schroeder, two thirds of the chancellor’s records were destroyed.
    (SFC, 6/29/00, p.A11)

1998        Oct 2, In Europe the new "Swatchmobile," a 2-seater plastic car by Daimler-Benz, made its debut. The Smart car was to sell for $8,500 and was rated at 59 miles per gallon.
    (WSJ, 10/2/98, p.B1)

1998        Oct 6, The Christian Democrats named Wolfgang Schaeuble as party leader.
    (WSJ, 10/7/98, p.A1)

1998        Oct 14, Germany’s new government proposed to scrap the 1913 citizenship law based on blood ties. The coalition agreed to promote controlled distribution of heroin to long-term addicts and to work for expanded rights for gay couples.
    (SFC, 10/15/98, p.A13)

1998        Oct 15, In Germany the coalition parties agreed to open talks next year on a timetable for closing the country’s 19 nuclear power plants.
    (WSJ, 10/16/98, p.A1)

1998        Oct 20, In Germany the new government announced a coalition agreement with a plan to reform taxes, increase employment, and raise gasoline taxes.
    (SFC, 10/21/98, p.A10)

1998        Oct 25, Wilhelm Karmann, designer and builder of sports cars such as the Karmann-Ghia, died at age 83.
    (WSJ, 10/29/98, p.A1)

1998        Oct 27, Gerhard Schroeder was confirmed as chancellor.
    (WSJ, 10/27/98, p.A1)

1998        Oct, The Italian freighter Pallas caught fire in the North Sea and leaked some 10-15 tons of oil. Hundreds of birds along the northern coast of Germany were killed by the resulting oil slick.
    (SFC, 11/14/98, p.A8)

1998        Dec 3, Germany and 43 other countries signed the Washington Principles pledging to search their public collections for looted art in order to restitute it. This did not included “degenerate art" which the Nazis took out of state-owned museums in 1938.
    (www.state.gov/p/eur/rt/hlcst/122038.htm)(Econ, 11/30/13, p.51)

1998        The film “Changing Skins" was directed by Andreas Dresen. It was about 2 students who kidnap their headmaster.
    (SFEC, 1/10/99, DB p.12)
1998        The German horror-comedy film “Killer Condom" opened in the US. It starred Udo Samel and was directed by Martin Waltz. It was based on the Ralf Konig comic book: “Kondom des Grauens." It was about carnivorous condoms that terrorize patrons in a New York brothel.
    (SFC, 1/26/98, p.D2)
1998        The film “Rider of the Flames" (Feuerreiter) was directed by Nina Grosse. It focused on the life of poet Friedrich Hoelderlin.
    (SFEC, 1/10/99, DB p.12)(SFC, 1/14/99, p.D3)
1998        The German film “Trial by Fire" was a romantic comedy with Janek Rieke.
    (SFC, 1/14/99, p.D3)
1998        Germany passed legislation to revoke the pensions of Nazi war crimes suspects. A review in 2016 found that only 99 people suspected of "crimes against the principles of humanity" ever lost their pensions.
    (AP, 11/22/16)
1998         In Germany Social Democrat Gerhard Schroeder selected Green Party member Joschka Fischer as foreign minister. In 2007 Paul Hockenos authored “Joschka Fischer and the Making of the Berlin Republic: An alternative History of Postwar Germany."
    (Econ, 12/1/07, p.98)
1998        In Germany Angel Merkel became chairman of the Christian Democrats (CDU). She pushed the party to accept immigration, a more modern view of the family and a free-market economy program.
    (Econ, 11/25/06, p.52)
1998        Bavaria, Germany, voted to abolish its Senate.
    (Econ, 5/3/08, p.60)
1998        In Germany the Red Army Faction declared itself disbanded.
    (AP, 3/25/07)   
1998        In Germany Hartmut Pilch started his Free Information Infrastructure (FFII) as a Web site. It grew into an organization dedicated to the idea that basic computer language should be as free as human speech.
    (WSJ, 9/12/06, p.A1)
1998        Wal-Mart purchased the Wertkauf retailing groups. 21 Wertkauf Gmbh stores were purchased by Wal-Mart in 1997.
    (SFC, 3/30/99, p.F2)(WSJ, 10/6/99, p.A1)
1998        Wal-Mart purchased 74 hypermarkets from Spar Handels AG. [see Mar 1999]
    (WSJ, 10/6/99, p.A1)

1999        Jan 1, The Maastricht Treaty specified that a monetary union will be established by this date, and laid down several criteria that EU nations must fulfill in order to join. Some of the criteria included: maximum budget deficits of 3% of GDP, a cap on government debt of 60% of GDP. The European economic and monetary union (EMU) was scheduled to start with a new "Euro" currency. Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain made the transition. Public use was set for Jan 1, 2002.
    (WSJ, 9/25/95, p.A-12)(WSJ, 12/5/95, p.A-14)(SFC, 11/16/96, p.A1)(SFC, 1/1/99, p.A8)
1999        Jan 1, Weimar began one year’s title as the European Union’s “city of culture."
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, p.T1)

1999        Jan 26, In Germany Chancellor Schroeder abandoned an ambitious timetable for the planned shutdown of nuclear power plants.
    (SFC, 1/27/99, p.C10)

1999        Jan, The new Jewish Museum in Berlin was completed. It was designed by Daniel Libeskind. It was scheduled to open in Sep, 2001.
    (SFEC, 8/6/00, DB p.37)(SFC, 1/1/01, p.B6)

1999        Feb 7, In Germany the Christian Democrats won elections in Hesse state elections putting the Schroeder government short of a majority in the Bundesrat upper house.
    (SFC, 2/8/99, p.A10)

1999        Feb 10, In Germany it was announced that work on the nuclear waste storage dump near Gorleben would be halted. The site had been planned to store waste from the country's 19 nuclear reactors.
    (SFC, 2/11/99, p.A17)

1999        Feb 13, Neo-Nazi youths chased Omar Ben Noui (28) of Algeria, who fled in fear and broke through a glass door severing an artery. Noui bled to death. In 2000 eight youths were convicted of manslaughter and 3 received jail terms.
    (SFC, 11/14/00, p.A17)

1999        Feb 16, The government announced a new fund to compensate Eastern European workers who were enslaved by the Nazis.
    (SFC, 2/17/99, p.A12)

1999        Feb 17, In Berlin Israeli security guards shot and killed 3 Kurds who forced their way into the Israeli consulate over the arrest of Abdullah Ocalan.
    (SFC, 2/18/99, p.A1)

1999        Feb 23, Heavy rain and snow in the Alps left 5 people dead and 13 missing in Austria, Switzerland, France and Germany. An avalanche in the Austrian Alps at Galtuer killed 9 people and at least 30 were missing.
    (WSJ, 2/23/99, p.A1)(SFC, 2/24/99, p.A8)

1999        Mar 11, In Germany Oskar Lafontaine, the finance minister, resigned following an apparent power struggle with Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder. Hans Eichel. Governor of Hesse, was expected to succeed him.
    (SFC, 3/12/99, p.A15)(WSJ, 3/12/99, p.A1)

1999        Mar 30, It was reported that Wal-Mart agreed to buy 74 Interspar supermarkets from Germany's Spar Handels chain.
    (SFC, 3/30/99, p.F2)

1999        Apr 12, In Germany a monorail fell from its suspension rail and plunged 30 feet into the Wupper river. 3 people were killed and 47 injured in the derailment of the historic (1901) "hanging railway."
    (SFC, 4/13/99, p.A11)

1999        Apr 14, The German government began to move its capital from Bonn to Berlin. The first minister moved June 26. The 669 member parliament, 15 federal ministries and 153 foreign embassies were scheduled to move.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.A9)(SFC, 4/15/99, p.A14)(SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A24)

1999        Apr 25, It was reported that Germany had fulfilled its pledge to accept 10,000 refugees from Kosovo.
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, p.A27)

1999        May 5, Pres. Clinton visited US troops in Germany and conferred with senior NATO commanders.
    (SFC, 5/6/99, p.A10)

1999        May 6, In Germany pharmaceutical salesman Piotr Blumenstock was shot dead in Berlin. In 2019 German police offered up to 10,000 euros ($11,400) for information on the whereabouts of Polish suspect Vladimir Svintkovski of Poland.
    (AP, 1/7/19)

1999        May 7, The lower house gave final approval to reducing the waiting period for naturalization from 15 years to 8.
    (SFC, 5/8/99, p.C1)

1999        May 20, The US Justice Dept. settled charges against Roche Holding AG and BASF AG, two of the largest vitamin makers, for price fixing. Roche agreed to pay $500 million with a guilty plea, and BASF agreed to pay $225 million with a guilty plea.
    (SFC, 5/21/99, p.A3)

1999        Jun 4, The Deutsche Bank AG $9.8 billion acquisition of Bankers Trust, an American Bank, was finalized.
    (Econ, 5/19/07, SR p.10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bankers_Trust)

1999        Jun 9, Germany sent $18 million to the US Treasury for distribution to the survivors of the WW II concentration camps.
    (SFC, 6/22/99, p.A6)

1999        Jun 17, In Germany 4 passengers were killed when their hot air balloon hit a power line near Ibbenburen.
    (AP, 2/26/13)

1999        Jun 23, The Berlin Philharmonic elected Sir Simon Rattle to succeed Claudio Abado as chief conductor in Sep. 2002.
    (SFC, 6/24/99, p.E6)

1999        Jun 25, In Germany the parliament authorized a national Holocaust memorial designed by Peter Eisenman of New York. The design featured 2,700 close-set concrete pillars on a plot of about 100 sq. yards in Berlin.
    (SFC, 6/26/99, p.A11)

1999        Jun 27, In Germany a bomb in Merseburg injured 16 people.
    (WSJ, 6/28/99, p.A1)

1999        Jun 30, In Germany Turkish businesses in at least 9 cities were hit by firebombs following the conviction of Kurdish leader Ocalan.
    (SFC, 7/1/99, p.A12)

1999        Jul 1, In Germany Johannes Rau (68) was sworn in as the 8th postwar president. He succeeded Roman Herzog as the symbolic head.
    (SFC, 7/2/99, p.A18)

1999        Jul 7, The AMD Fab 30 plant created its 1st copper-based chips at its new plant in Dresden. The state of Saxony attracted Advanced Micro Devices with a $500 million package to locate there.
    (SFC, 9/6/99, p.C5)

1999        Jul, In Berlin the techno-party Love Parade drew 1.5 million people.
    (SFC, 9/6/99, p.A12)

1999        Aug 25, Chancellor Schroeder's austerity budget was approved. It called for $16 billion in spending cuts to help curtail the $1 trillion state debt.
    (SFC, 9/23/99, p.A10)

1999        Sep 1, A French judge said that Alois Brunner, twice convicted wartime private secretary of Adolf Eichmann, would be tried in absentia in 2000. Brunner was reported to be living in Damascus under an assumed name.
    (SFC, 9/2/99, p.A16)

1999        Sep 4, Martin R. Frankel, a Connecticut money manager suspected of fraud, was arrested in at the Hotel Prem in Hamburg, Germany.
    (SFEC, 9/5/99, p.A6)

1999        Sep 5, Voters in western Saarland ousted the Social Democratic Party of Gerhard Schroeder and in Brandenburg the party's share dropped to force a coalition.
    (SFC, 9/6/99, p.A14)

1999        Sep 8, The parliament held its inaugural session in the refurbished Reichstag in Berlin.
    (SFC, 9/6/99, p.A12)

1999        Sep 12, The Social Democrats were ousted from power in elections in Thuringia and suffered heavy losses in North Rhine-Westphalia.
    (WSJ, 9/13/99, p.A1,36)

1999        Sep 15, DaimlerChrysler unveiled its new Java show car at the Frankfurt auto show.
    (WSJ, 9/16/99, p.A25)

1999        Sep 18, The 166th annual Oktoberfest began in Munich.
    (SFEC, 8/15/99, p.T3)

1999        Sep 19, The opposition Christian Democrats consolidated their control in the state of Saxony with the defeat of the ruling Social Democrats.
    (SFC, 9/20/99, p.A8)

1999        Sep 21, Prime Minister Ehud Barak of Israel was the 1st foreign leader to visit the new capital in Berlin.
    (SFC, 9/22/99, p.A14)

1999        Sep 30, Gunter Grass, German novelist, won the Nobel Prize for Literature and cited his 1959 novel "Tin Drum" for restoring honor to German literature.
    (SFC, 10/1/99, p.A2)

1999        Oct 4, Emil Schumacher, artist, died at age 87. He was known for his abstract style called "informal art," where the workmanship and application of materials becomes the image.
    (SFC, 10/5/99, p.A26)

1999        Oct 19, In Germany tens of thousands of workers marched through Berlin to protest the government's austerity budget and the pay gap between workers in the east and west.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.B3)

1999        Oct 26, The US CIA agreed to give Germany copies of some 32,000 files that belonged to the Stasi, the former East German intelligence service. The CIA acquired the files in 1989.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A13)

1999        Oct 31, In Augsburg, Germany, leaders of the Roman Catholic and modern Lutheran Churches signed the Augsburg Accord, a "Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification," in a step toward reconciliation. The accord gave weight to the Lutheran position on salvation through faith and embraced the Catholic ethic of earthly service.
    (SFC, 11/1/99, p.A11,12)

1999        Nov 1, In Bad Reichenhall, Germany, a teenage gunman and his sister were found dead after commandos stormed the house from which the boy had shot and killed 2 pedestrians and injured 8 others.
    (SFC, 11/2/99, p.A14)

1999        Nov 9, In Meissen a 15-year-old boy stabbed Sigrun Leuteritz (44), a history teacher, 22 times in the chest. He said that he was overcome by an obsessive compulsion to kill her. In Bielefeld a Turkish man whose marriage proposal was spurned by a young woman, killed her and 5 members of her family before shooting himself.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A29)

1999        Nov 19, In Germany officials announced an amnesty program for some 20,000 foreigners seeking asylum. A cut off date of Jul 1, 1993 was set for eligible families.
    (SFC, 11/20/99, p.A12)

1999        Nov 26, In Germany the parliament approved $16 billion in spending cuts for next year that included cuts in pensions and jobless benefits.
    (SFC, 11/27/99, p.A18)

1999        Nov, Former Chancellor Helmut Kohl acknowledged that he was aware of secret slush funds in his Christian Democratic Party (CDU).
    (WSJ, 1/19/00, p.A18)

1999        Dec 7, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder won re-election as leader of the Social Democrats.
    (SFC, 12/8/99, p.A16)
1999        Dec 7, Lawyers representing victims of Nazi slave labor rejected a $4.2 billion compensation offer from German industry and stood by their $5.2 to $7.9 target range.
    (SFC, 12/8/99, p.A14)

1999        Dec 14, In Germany the government and industry officials agreed to establish nearly $5.2 billion fund to compensate slave laborers of the Nazi regime.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.A1)

1999        Dec 26, In Europe heavy winds and rain killed 88 people in France, 17 dead in Germany and 13 dead in Switzerland. A 2nd storm hit a day later. Damages from the storms were later estimated to be at least $4 billion. The storms destroyed an estimated 400 million trees across France.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A12)(WSJ, 12/27/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/28/99, p.A8)(SFC, 1/4/00, p.A11)(SFC, 1/15/00, p.A1)(AP, 1/25/09)

1999        The German film "Run Lola Run" starred Franka Potente and Moritz Bleibtreu and was directed by Tom Tykwer.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, DB p.36)
1999        The German film “Sonnenallee" (The Eastie Boys) was directed by Leander Haussmann and was about fun times in East Berlin in the 1970s.
    (SFC, 10/20/99, p.A10)
1999        Germany made it illegal to bribe foreign officials. Up to this time Siemens claimed tax deductions for such bribes as what it termed “useful expenditure."
    (Econ, 9/11/10, p.82)

2000        Jan 1 In Germany a new citizenship law came into force. The new law made it somewhat easier for foreigners resident in Germany on a long-term basis, and especially their German-born children, to acquire German citizenship.
    (Econ, 4/5/08, p.33)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_nationality_law)

2000        Jan 3, Germany reported plans to cut the tax on profits from sales of shares held less than a year, making 50% of the gains taxable rather than 100%. The change would be effective in 2001.
    (WSJ, 1/4/00, p.A1)

2000        Jan 7, It was reported that a recent series of tax cuts announced by Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder included a corporate exemption on capital gains taxes on the sale of shares in other corporations. Current capital gains taxes were close to 60%.
    (WSJ, 1/7/00, p.A14)

2000        Jan 11, An EU court ruled in favor of a German woman who claimed that a German constitutional ban against women bearing arms amounts to sexual discrimination.
    (SFC, 1/12/00, p.A11)

2000        Jan 16, Prince Ernst August of Hannover (b.1954), a great-grandson of the last German emperor, Wilhelm II, slapped hotel owner Josef Brunlehner on Lamu Island, Kenya, allegedly as a symbolic reproach over noise from a disco. He was pursued in Germany where the law allows prosecutors to charge citizens who commit crimes abroad. August was convicted in 2004 and fined $633,000. In 2010 August was retried on charges of causing serious bodily harm. On march 9, 2010, a German judge sentenced Prince August to pay a fine of euro200,000 ($270,000) after convicting him for the decade-old altercation.
    (AP, 1/13/10)(SFC, 1/14/10, p.A2)(www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1P2-6780117.html)(AP, 3/9/10)

2000        Jan 20, In Germany Wolfgang Huellen (49), a finance official of the Christian Democratic Party, committed suicide in Berlin over fear of an audit of the party's finances.
    (SFC, 1/21/00, p.A12)

2000        Feb 3, Vodafone AirTouch PLC of Britain took over Mannesmann AG of Germany for a record $170 billion in stock.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.A1)

2000        cFeb 5, In Germany a train derailed and ploughed into a house outside of Cologne and 6 people were killed with 20 injured.
    (SFEC, 2/6/00, p.A4)

2000        Feb 15, In Germany the Christian Democrats were ordered to return over $20 million in state campaign funds for breaking campaign finance laws.
    (SFC, 2/16/00, p.A8)

2000        Feb 16, In Germany Wolfgang Schaeuble, leader of the Christian Democrats, resigned.
    (SFC, 2/17/00, p.A12)
2000        Feb 16, In Israel German Pres. Johannes Rau spoke before the parliament and gave an apology for WW II Nazi genocide.
    (SFC, 2/17/00, p.D3)

2000        Feb 27, In Germany voters in Schleswig-Holstein gave victory to the Social Democrats over the Christian Democrats in the 1st elections following the financial scandals of Helmut Kohl and the Christian Democrats. Heidi Simonis was returned to office as state premier.
    (SFC, 2/28/00, p.A10)

2000        Feb 27, In Germany 3 teenagers of American soldiers hurled large stones off a pedestrian bridge in Darmstadt and killed Sandra Ottman (20) and Karin Rothermel (41). The 3 teens were convicted of murder and sentenced up to 8 ½ years in prison.
    (SFC, 3/1/00, p.A13)(SFC, 12/23/00, p.A1)

2000        Mar 17, Old East German Stasi files revealed that radioactive material was used to mark opponents, their papers and money. East German dissident writer Rudolf Bahro, who died of Leukemia, may have been a victim.
    (SFC, 3/18/00, p.C16)

2000        Mar 20, In Germany Angela Merkel (45) became the first woman to head the Christian Democratic Union.
    (SFC, 3/21/00, p.A10)

2000        Mar 23, Horst Koehler (57) of Germany, president of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, became the new president of the 182-nation IMF following endorsement by the 24-member board of directors.
    (SFC, 3/24/00, p.D4)
2000        Mar 23, Germany completed a $5 billion agreement on how to allocate funds among surviving forced laborers and other workers in Hitler's concentration camps.
    (SFC, 3/24/00, p.A12)

2000        May 3, The trial began of former East German officials responsible for administering steroids to 142 female athletes from 1974-1989.
    (SFC, 5/24/00, p.A15)

2000        Jun 1, In Germany the Expo 2000 opened in Hanover and ran to Oct 31.
    (WSJ, 6/29/00, p.A24)

2000        Jun 10, In Germany the 3-day Rock of the Ring music festival in Neurburg drew some 100,000 people to see 90 bands.
    (SFEC, 6/11/00, p.A31)

2000        Jun 11, In Dessau Alberto Adriano (39), a 20-year German resident from Mozambique, was kicked to death by 3 men. Enrico Hilprecht (24) was later convicted and sentenced to life in prison. Two 16-year-old accomplices were sentenced to 9 years each.
    (SFC, 8/31/00, p.A1)

2000        Jun 14, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder agreed with heads of the nuclear power industry to end the use of atomic energy. With an expected life span of 32 years closure of all 17 plants would occur by 2020. In 2005 the timetable was confirmed. In 2007 an expansion of the timetable for closure was up for consideration.
    (SFC, 6/15/00, p.A16)(Econ, 2/10/07, p.50)

2000        Jun 26, In Germany a 6-year-old Turkish boy was attacked and killed in a school yard in Hamburg by a pit bull and a Staffordshire terrier. The attack led German states to enact new rules on dog ownership.
    (SFC, 7/1/00, p.A12)

2000        Jun, Ernst Nolte, historian, won the Konrad Adenauer Prize for literature. Nolte held that Hitler’s anti-Semitism had a rational core as a riposte to Bolshevism.
    (SFC, 6/21/00, p.A13)

2000        Jul 6, The parliament approved legislation to govern a $5 billion humanitarian fund for Nazi-era slave workers and other victims of the Holocaust.
    (SFC, 7/7/00, p.A18)

2000        Jul 7, German drug maker Boehringer Ingelheim said it would donate nevirapine, a drug to help prevent the transmission of AIDS from mothers to infants, to every nation in the developing world that asks for it.
    (SFC, 7/8/00, p.A1)

2000        Jul 10, DASA (minus MTU) merged with Aerospatiale-Matra of France and Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain to form the European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company (EADS). DASA was founded as Deutsche Aerospace AG on May 19, 1989 by the merger of Daimler-Benz's aerospace interests (MTU, Dornier and two divisions of AEG). In July 1989 the two AEG divisions were themselves merged within Deutsche Aerospace to form Telefunken Systemtechnik (TST). In December 1989 Daimler-Benz acquired Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB) and merged it into DASA.

2000        Jul 14, The left-of-center Parliament passed a major tax-cut program.
    (SFC, 7/15/00, p.A16)

2000        Jul 16, In Ludwigshafen 4 young neo-Nazis firebombed a refugee center and injured 3 children from Kosovo. They were later sentenced up to 5 years in prison.
    (SFC, 11/15/00, p.B2)

2000        Jul 27, In Germany an explosive device detonated and injured 9 people at a train station in Duesseldorf. A group of people were on their way back from a German language course when an explosive, hung in a plastic bag on a fence near the Wehrhahn station entrance, went off, sparking panic. Ten eastern European migrants, six of them Jews from the former Soviet Union, were wounded. A Ukrainian pregnant woman (26) lost her unborn child and had to undergo emergency surgery after the blast ripped off one of her feet. In 2018 Ralf Spies (52) was cleared of 12 counts of attempted murder with a "racist" motive.
    (SFC, 7/28/00, p.D3)(AFP, 7/31/18)

2000        Aug 11, In Hamburg officials closed the Hamburger Sturm, a neo-Nazi newspaper.
    (SFC, 8/12/00, p.A11)

2000        Sep 14, Germany banned the Blood and Honor skinhead group saying it spread Nazism through music, magazines and web sites.
    (SFC, 9/15/00, p.D4)

2000        Sep 15, Truckers across Europe blocked highways to protest high fuel costs. Protests hit Spain, Germany, Ireland, Poland and the Czech Republic.
    (SFC, 9/16/00, p.A10)

2000        Oct 4, The Bucerius Law School in Hamburg opened as Germany’s 1st private law school.
    (WSJ, 9/13/00, p.A18)

2000        Nov 9, Hundreds of thousands of Germans marched to condemn a wave of right-wing violence in an “Uprising of the Upright."
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.A16)

2000        Nov 24, Germany and the Portuguese Azore Islands recorded new cases of mad cow disease.
    (SFC, 11/25/00, p.A16)

2000        Nov, Metin Kaplan was sentenced in Germany for operating a terrorist organization. His group had planned to bomb Ataturk’s mausoleum in Ankara with an airplane packed with explosives on Turkey’s 75th  anniversary. Kaplan, known as the “caliph of Cologne," was extradited to Turkey in 2004.
    (SFC, 2/5/02, p.A9)(Econ, 9/1/07, p.53)

2000        Dec 13, Munich prosecutors opened an insider trading and fraud investigation of Thomas Haffa, head of EM.TV.
    (WSJ, 1/18/00, p.A10)

2000        German artist Wolfgang Tillmans (b.1968) won the Turner Prize, becoming the first non-British artist to do so.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfgang_Tillmans)(Econ, 2/11/17, p.73)
2000        Germany’s coalition government of leftists and Greens passed a law forbidding the shutdown of the country’s 19 nuclear reactors by 2020.
    (Econ, 11/11/06, p.72)
2000        The German power group E.ON was formed through the merger of Veba and Viag.
    (Econ, 2/25/06, p.71)
2000        German companies and the government established a fund to pay to former slave laborers from Greece. By 2015 about 13.5 million euros ($15 million) was paid out.
    (AP, 3/22/15)

2001        Jan 10, Chancellor Schroeder created a new super-ministry for food, agriculture and consumer protection to combat mad cow disease.
    (SFC, 1/11/01, p.A14)

2001        Jan 26, The lower house passed an overhaul of the national pension system.
    (SFC, 1/27/01, p.C16)

2001        Jan 31, Germany announced plans to destroy 400,000 cattle due to the mad cow crises.
    (SFC, 2/2/01, p.D4)

2001        Feb 8, Ex-Chancellor Kohl agreed to pay a fine to close a slush fund investigation.
    (WSJ, 2/9/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar 25, The Social Democrats posted big gains in 2 state elections, while the Greens lost ground.
    (WSJ, 3/26/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar 27, Some 20,000 police blocked protesters who sought to block a train delivering radioactive waste from France. The German nuclear waste was reprocessed in France and returned.
    (SFC, 3/28/01, p.A12)

2001        Mar 29, Pres. Bush met with German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, who disagreed with Bush’s opposition to the 1997 Kyoto global-warming accord. It was later revealed that the 2 men agreed to withhold aid for Russia until corruption ceased.
    (SFC, 3/30/01, p.A9)(WSJ, 5/22/01, p.A1)

2001        Mar 30, SAP, a large German software firm, announced that it would buy bought Top Tier, a small Israeli software firm founded by Shai Agassi, for $400 million. Top Tier enabled business partners to access SAP applications using a web interface. In 2007 Agassi left SAP and founded Better Place, a company dedicated to building a global network of charging and battery-exchange stations to make electric cars a mass-market proposition.
    (http://irrationalbusiness.com/new/research/shorttakes/4102001.html)(Econ, 5/2/09, p.68)

2001        Mar, In Rotenberg, Germany, Armin Meiwes (39) killed and ate Bernd Juergen Brandes (43) by agreement. In 2004 Meiwes was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 8 ½ years in prison. A Frankfurt court in May 2006 overturned that conviction and threw out the defense argument that Meiwes had acted on his victim's request. In 2008 Meiwes was sentenced to life in prison after a court rejected his appeal.
    (SFC, 1/31/04, p.A1)(AP, 10/24/08)

2001        Apr 10, Germany’s PM Schroeder ended 2 days of talks with Pres. Putin of Russia, but no agreement was reached on Russian debt.
    (WSJ, 4/11/01, p.A1)

2001        Apr 30, It was reported that Germany’s Chancellor Schroeder had proposed a draft for turning the EU Executive Commission into a European government and giving the EU Parliament full power over the 15-nation budget.
    (SFC, 4/30/01, p.A8)

2001        May 2, Germany inaugurated its new Chancellery in Berlin designed by Axel Schultes.
    (SFC, 5/3/01, p.B2)

2001        May 11, Chancellor Schroeder pushed threw a reform of the pension system that would gradually force citizens to invest for themselves as state contributions decreased.
    (SFC, 5/16/01, p.A10)

2001        May 30 Lawmakers gave the final approval for $4.5 billion in payments to the last uncompensated Nazi victims of slave labor.
    (SFC, 5/31/01, p.A12)

2001        Jun 11, Chancellor Schroeder and leading energy companies signed an agreement to shut down the country’s 19 nuclear power plants. Average operation was limited to 32 years and the last would close around 2021.
    (SFC, 6/12/01, p.A8)

2001        Jun 12, It was reported that Berlin suffered from a $30 million debt. The left-right coalition under mayor Eberhard Diepgen recently collapsed.
    (SFC, 6/12/01, p.A10)

2001        Jun 16, Klaus Wowereit, who recently announced that he was gay, was sworn in as Mayor of Berlin.
    (SFC, 6/16/01, p.A1)

2001        Jul 5, Hannelore Kohl (68), the wife of Chancellor Kohl, was found dead from suicide in Oggersheim. She suffered from a rare light allergy.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, p.A18)

2001        Jul 23, In Bonn, Germany, negotiators from 178 nations, without the US, rescued the 1997 Kyoto Protocol and accepted rules to cut emissions of waste gases linked to global warming after marathon talks.
    (DFP, 7/24/01, p.3A)(SFC, 7/24/01, p.A1)(AP, 7/23/02)

2001        Aug 1, In Germany legislation went into effect offering legal status to same-sex couples.
    (SFC, 8/2/01, p.A9)

2001        Oct 18, Germany issued an int’l. arrest warrant for Zakariya Essabar (24) for links to the bombing of the WTC.
    (SFC, 10/20/01, p.A5)

2001        Oct 21, In Berlin the Social Democrats held on to power in municipal elections, but would have to form a coalition to govern.
    (SFC, 10/22/01, p.B1)

2001        Nov 6, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder said he would activate 3,900 troops for action in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 11/7/01, p.A5)

2001        Nov 28, German authorities arrested Mounir El Motassadeq (27), on suspicion of funneling money to the Sep 11 hijackers.
    (SFC, 11/29/01, p.A1)

2001        Dec 5, Afghan delegates in Koenigswinter, Germany, signed an agreement for an interim post-Taliban government to begin Dec 22.
    (SFC, 12/6/01, p.A1)(AP, 12/5/02)

2001        Dec 14, W.G. Sebald (b.1944), author, died in a car accident. His books included “The Emigrants" (1996), “The Rings of Saturn" (1998) and “Austerlitz" (2001).
    (SSFC, 12/23/01, p.M4)

2001        Gitta Sereny authored “The Healing Wound: Experiences and Reflections, Germany, 1938-2001."
    (SSFC, 12/16/01, p.M3)
2001        In Germany Peggy Knobloch (9) disappeared on the way home from school in Bavaria. Her remains were found in neighboring Thuringia state in 2016. In 2018 a man (41) told investigators that another man had given him the girl's body at a bus stop in the small town of Lichtenberg and he claims to have tried to revive her, before driving the body away to woods in Thuringia.
    (AP, 9/21/18)
2001        The OECD’s Program for Int’l. Student Assessment (PISA) ranked Germany 21st in reading skills and 20th in math and science among the 31 countries assessed. Data collection began in 2000.
    (Econ, 2/11/06, Survey p.7)(http://tinyurl.com/n3jmd)

2002        Jan 18, Bayer AG disclosed that as many as 100 deaths might be linked to Baycol, a promising cholesterol drug that was withdrawn in Aug 2001.
    (WSJ, 1/21/02, p.A10)

2002        Feb 6, German unemployment figures for January rose to 4 million.
    (SFC, 2/7/02, p.A11)

2002        Feb 19, In Germany a man, who recently lost his job, killed 2 ex-bosses and the principal of his former high school in Freising.
    (WSJ, 2/20/02, p.A1)

2002        Mar 6, It was reported that new regulations (Kuschelregel, the cuddle rule) required German pig farmers to spend at least 20 seconds each day looking at each pig.
    (WSJ, 3/6/02, p.A1)

2002        Mar 6, In Kabul, Afghanistan, 3 Danish and 2 German peacekeeping soldiers were killed while defusing a soviet era missile.
    (WSJ, 3/7/02, p.A1)

2002        Mar 17, Luise Rinser (90), author, died. Her work included “The Glass Rings" (1941), “A Woman’s Prison Journal" (1946) and “Diary of a North Korean Journey."
    (SFC, 3/19/02, p.A20)

2002        Mar 13, Hans-Georg Gadamer (102), German philosopher and influential in hermeneutics (the study of the understanding and meaning of texts), died. His work included “Truth and Method" (1960).
    (SFC, 3/26/02, p.A24)

2002        Apr 8, It was reported that state undercover agents accounted for some of the most extremist statements made by the 7,500 member, right-wing, National Democratic Party.
    (SFC, 4/8/02, p.A3)

2002        Apr 11, In Tunisia a gas tanker truck crashed into the wall of a synagogue on the island of Djerba and killed 16 people including 11 German tourists. The government at first called it an accident. Later evidence indicated that it was an act of terrorism.
    (SFC, 4/12/02, p.A17)(SFC, 4/17/02, p.A8)(SFC, 4/24/02, p.A7)

2002        Apr 19, Thieves stole 9 expressionist paintings from the Bruecke-Museum in Berlin.
    (SSFC, 4/21/02, p.A17)

2002        Apr 21, Opposition conservatives won elections in the Saxony-Anhalt. The Christian Democrats 15% gain was a boost to Edmund Stoiber, the Bavarian governor seeking to beat Schroeder Sep 22.
    (SFC, 4/22/02, p.A5)

2002        Apr 23, German police arrested 11 suspected Islamic militants during a sweep against Al Tawhid (Divine Unity), a Sunni Muslim and Palestinian movement.
    (SFC, 4/24/02, p.A8)

2002        Apr 26, In Erfurt, Germany, Robert Steinhaueser (19), shot and killed 12 teachers, 2 students, a deputy principal, a school secretary and a police officer before he killed himself. He was angry for being expelled due to poor grades.
    (SFC, 4/27/02, p.A1)

2002        May 15, Metalworkers in Baden-Wuerttemberg won a higher than expected wage increase that included 4% in June and 3.1% in 2003. A 10-day strike was expected to end.
    (WSJ, 5/16/02, p.A1)

2002        May 21, There were anti-war protests in Berlin on the eve of Pres. Bush’s arrival.
    (WSJ, 5/22/02, p.A1)

2002        May 23, Pres. Bush at a Berlin press conference said that he expects Pres. Putin to “get on board" with America’s hard-line policy toward Iran and Iraq. Bush also addressed the German Parliament and said terrorist groups constitute a “new totalitarian threat," and then flew on to Moscow.
    (SFC, 5/24/02, p.A1)

2002        Jun 17, German construction workers launched their first major strike in more than 50 years, following members of the country's main manufacturing union in walking out earlier this year to back up demands for higher wages.
    (AP, 6/17/02)

2002        Jun 24, In Germany 2 people were killed and two others seriously injured in a drive-by shooting in downtown Dortmund.
    (AP, 6/24/02)

2002        Jun 27, A German police wiretap revealed that Abu Musab al-Zarqawi planned to launch a terror attack in Germany.
    (WSJ, 1/31/06, p.A6)
2002        Jun 27, The mayor of the Bavarian town of Roeckingen, who has been missing since early March, was found dead in a forest in the western Czech Republic.
    (AP, 6/27/02)

2002        Jun 30, Ronaldo, the world's greatest goal-scorer, capitalized on an error by the best goalkeeper, Oliver Kahn, then scored again to lift Brazil to an unprecedented fifth World Cup title Sunday night, 2-0 over Germany.
    (AP, 6/30/02)

2002        Jun, The 11th edition of the Documenta art event, held every 5 years, opened in Kassel, Germany, under Nigerian-born director Okwui Enwezor.
    (SFC, 7/24/02, p.D8)

2002        Jul 1, Bashkirian flight 2937 with 45 Russian children headed for a beach vacation in Spain were among 71 people killed when their chartered Tupolev airliner slammed into a Boeing 757 DHL cargo plane over southern Germany. The flights were under Swiss air control. An onboard device told the pilot to climb but he followed a controller’s order to dive instead. In 2007 four employees of a Swiss air traffic control company were convicted of negligent homicide for the crash of flight 2937.
    (AP, 7/2/02)(SFC, 7/2/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/2/02, p.A1)(SFC, 7/3/02, p.A6)(WSJ, 7/9/02, p.A1)(AP, 9/4/07)

2002        Jul 3, Swiss authorities said a collision-warning system was out of service in the Zurich tower when it took control of a Russian airliner and a cargo jet shortly before they collided on July 1 at 35,000 feet, killing 71 people, including 45 children headed for an end-of-school beach holiday. One of 2 required air controllers was on a break.
    (AP, 7/3/02)(SFC, 7/4/02, p.A8)
2002        Jul 3, It was reported that up to 40,000 companies might collapse in Germany this year.
    (SFC, 7/3/02, p.A12)

2002        Jul 18, In Germany Chancellor Schroeder fired defense minister Rudolf Scharping for accepting some $72,000 in payments from a public relations firm.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A18)

2002        Jul, A German police investigation linked Muhammad Sultan to an alleged terror-attack plan.
    (WSJ, 1/31/06, p.A6)

2002        Aug 16, In Germany authorities evacuated thousands of people near Dresden's historic center as floodwaters in the Elbe River rose to a record high and spilled into a square close to some of the city's cultural landmarks.
    (AP, 8/16/02)

2002        Aug 20, In Germany 5 members of the Iraqi Opposition of Germany took over the Iraqi embassy. German police commandos freed two senior diplomats from armed men who had stormed the Iraqi embassy, bringing a bloodless end to a five-hour hostage drama by a previously unknown group opposed to Saddam Hussein.
    (SFC, 8/20/02, p.A7)(AP, 8/20/03)

2002        Aug 28, Germany awarded its Goethe Prize to Marcel Reich-Ranicki, literary critic and Polish-born Holocaust survivor.
    (SFC, 9/2/02, p.D5)

2002        Sep 19, German police stormed homes and froze bank accounts across the country after outlawing 16 more groups linked to a jailed Islamic militant accused of plotting an airplane attack in Turkey.
    (AP, 9/19/02)

2002        Sep 22, Gerhard Schroeder's Social Democrats held onto power in Germany's closest postwar election, but the chancellor will face a tougher opposition as he tries to reduce unemployment and revive the economy. The parliamentary elections pitted center-left Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder against conservative challenger, Bavarian governor Edmund Stoiber.
    (Reuters, 9/22/02)(AP, 9/23/02)

2002        Sep 27, Police in Lebanon arrested Muhammad Sultan on charges of forging passports and supporting a terrorist group based on German police investigations. Sultan was released in 2004 after serving a 3½  year sentence.
    (WSJ, 1/31/06, p.A6)

2002        Oct 1, German police found the body of Jakob von Metzler, 11-year-old heir to a Frankfurt family banking fortune, bundled under a lakeside dock, days after the boy was kidnapped and a nearly million-dollar ransom was paid. In 2003 Magnus Gaefgen (28) told the Frankfurt state court that he had not intended the Sept. 27 kidnapping to end in death. He was convicted of kidnapping and murdering Metzler and sentenced to life in prison. In 2011 Gaefgen was awarded euro3,000 ($4,290) in damages because a police officer had threatened violence during an interrogation.
    (AP, 10/1/02)(AP, 4/11/03)(AP, 8/4/11)

2002        Nov 7, Rudolf Augstein (79), who founded the U.S.-style Der Spiegel newsweekly in the ruins of post-war Germany and turned it into the country's most respected magazine, died of pneumonia.
    (AP, 11/7/02)

2002        Nov 12, An explosion at a private ammunition warehouse in an eastern German town killed at least three people.
    (AP, 11/12/02)

2002        Dec 21, In Afghanistan 6 people in a German military helicopter and up to eight on the ground were killed when the aircraft crashed before landing at an airport near the capital Kabul.
    (Reuters, 12/21/02)

2002        The German film “Nirgendwo in Afrika" (Nowhere in Africa) won an Oscar.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.83)
2002        The US government began taping the mobile phone of Angela Merkel, head Germany’s Christian Democratic Union. This continued after she became chancellor in 2005 and only stopped in 2013.
    (Econ, 11/9/13, p.60)

2003        Jan 22, France and Germany joined forces to prevent any U.S.-led war on Iraq.
    (Reuters, 1/22/03)

2003        Feb 3, Germany began its first working day as president of the U.N. Security Council.
    (AP, 2/4/03)

2003          Feb 19, In Germany Mounir el Motassadeq (28) was sentenced to the maximum 15 years in prison for helping the Hamburg-based al-Qaida terror cell in the 9/11 attacks on the US.
    (AP, 2/19/03)

2003          Mar 5, The foreign ministers of France, Germany and Russia said they will block any attempt to get U.N. approval for war against Iraq.
    (AP, 3/5/03)

2003        Mar 14, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder gave a speech before the German Bundestag outlining the proposed plans for reform. He pointed out three main areas which the agenda would focus on: the economy, the system of social security, and Germany's position on the world market. The agenda came to be called Agenda 2010, a reference to the Lisbon Strategy's 2010 deadline.

2003        Mar-2004 Jul, In Germany 29 patients died at a Bavarian hospital. The deaths at Sonthofen of 17 female and 12 male patients (aged 40-94) were caused by a male nurse. He used a mixture of the sedative midazolam, the anesthetic etomidate and the muscle relaxant lysthenon to kill the patients. In 2005 the nurse was charged with murder. In 2015 Neils H. expressed regret for his actions during his trial in Oldenburg. On Feb 26, 2015, he was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 9/15/05)(SFC, 2/20/15, p.A2)(AP, 2/26/15)

2003        Apr 3, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder said he hoped for a quick victory by US and British forces in Iraq.
    (WSJ, 4/4/03, p.A7)

2003        Apr 4, In Algeria searchers using camels and helicopters equipped with heat-seeking sensors scoured the Sahara Desert for 21 tourists, mostly Germans, who vanished in Algeria over the past six weeks.
    (AP, 4/4/03)

2003        Apr 11, The leaders of Russia, France and Germany gathered for a summit that was expected to push for the United Nations to play the leading role after the end of hostilities in Iraq.
    (AP, 4/11/03)

2003        Apr 29, The leaders of France, Germany, Belgium and Luxembourg, all critics of the U.S.-led war on Iraq, agreed to beef up their military cooperation in an effort to make Europe's defense less reliant on the US.
    (AP, 4/29/03)

2003        May 3, It was reported that half of Germany's bee colonies failed to survive the winter due to a mite that began spreading from Southeast Asia about 90 years ago.
    (SFC, 5/3/03, p.B8)

2003        May 8, In Hungary a passenger train collided with a double-decker bus, slicing the bus in two. At least 30 people were killed, all German tourists on the bus.
    (AP, 5/8/03)

2003        May 15, The economies of Germany, Netherlands and Italy contracted during the first three months of 2003 as the European Union as a whole showed no growth for the first time in almost two years.
    (AP, 5/16/03)

2003        May 17, A German tour bus overturned on a French highway in heavy rain, killing at least 28 of the 74 people on board.
    (AP, 5/17/03)

2003        May, Germany published its voluntary corporate governance code.
    (Econ, 12/10/05, p.72)
2003        May, Munich, Germany, ousted Microsoft from 14,000 government computers in favor of Linux.
    (Econ, 9/13/03, p.59)

2003        Jun 7, In Germany a new law allowed stores to stay open 4 extra hours to 8 p.m.
    (AP, 6/6/03)

2003        Jun 8, In Germany storms left 10 people dead.
    (WSJ, 6/10/03, p.A1)

2003        Jun 20, A 31-nation conference in Germany agreed to expand efforts to combat terrorist financing and money laundering. The Financial Action Task Force issued a 40-point program to keep international law enforcement abreast of criminals' increasingly sophisticated efforts to conceal illegal money flows.
    (AP, 6/20/03)

2003        Jun 21, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder appealed for a swift end to three weeks of union strikes demanding a shorter work week in formerly communist eastern Germany, warning of further damage to the already weak economy.
    (AP, 6/21/03)

2003        Jun 29, German Chancellor Gerhard announced a plan to bring forward tax cuts worth about $20.6 billion, a move that could inject new life into Europe's largest economy.
    (AP, 6/29/03)

2003        Jul 10, Unemployment in Germany was reported to be around 11% with social spending close to 30% of the gross domestic product.
    (WSJ, 7/10/03, p.A1)

2003        Jul 12, In Germany Techno fans took part in the 15th Love Parade in Berlin. Hundreds of thousands fans of techno music were expected to join the event.
    (AP, 7/12/03)

2003        Aug 27, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder said that Germany was committed to deploying troops to northern Afghanistan to support reconstruction efforts.
    (AP, 8/28/03)

2003        Sep 8, Leni Riefenstahl (101), filmmaker, died in Bavaria. Her depiction of Hitler's Nuremberg rally, "Triumph of the Will," was renowned and despised as the best propaganda film ever made. In 2007 Steven Bach authored “Leni: The Life and Work of Leni Riefenstahl" and Jurgen Trimborn authored “Leni Riefenstahl: A Life."
    (AP, 9/9/03)(SFC, 9/10/03, p.A19)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.82)

2003        Sep 21, In Germany Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder's party suffered a bitter defeat in state elections that focused on Germany's stagnating economy.
    (AP, 9/21/03)

2003        Sep 26, German authorities reported that they have broken up 38 child-pornography rings with links to tens of thousands of suspects around the world, including the US.
    (AP, 9/27/03)

2003        Oct 12, Germany won the Women's Soccer World Cup 2-1 over Sweden in the eighth minute of overtime.
    (AP, 10/12/08)

2003        Oct 17, German lawmakers approved an $18 billion tax cut for next year and reductions in jobless benefits.
    (AP, 10/17/03)

2003        Nov 1, About 100,000 people took to the streets of Berlin to demonstrate against Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder's plans to trim Germany's generous welfare state.
    (AP, 11/1/03)

2003        Nov 4, Germany's defense minister dismissed the head of the country's elite special forces after the general praised a conservative lawmaker under investigation for alleged anti-Semitic remarks.
    (AP, 11/4/03)

2003        Nov 12, A convoy carrying radioactive waste from a French reprocessing plant reached a storage site in northern Germany.
    (AP, 11/13/03)

2003        Nov 20, Advanced Micro Devices said it would build  $2.4 billion chip factory in Germany to produce microprocessors on 300-mm silicon wafers.
    (SFC, 11/21/03, p.B1)

2003        Nov 28, Konrad Adenauer, chancellor from 1949 to 1963, won the most votes in a survey conducted by a public television station to name the greatest German of all time. Martin Luther came in 2nd and Karl Marx 3rd.
    (AP, 11/29/03)

2003        Dec 11, A German court freed a Moroccan accused of supporting the Sept. 11 al-Qaida terror cell in Hamburg, saying there was new evidence he did not know about the plot.
    (AP, 12/11/04)

2003        Dec 13, Tens of thousands of students took to the streets of three German cities, protesting government plans to slash funding for universities.
    (AP, 12/13/03)

2003        Dec 15, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder salvaged a deal to which he has tied his political future, a plan to spur Germany's economy by cutting taxes, trimming welfare-state benefits and loosening stringent worker protection laws.
    (AP, 12/15/03)

2003        Dec 16, US special envoy James A. Baker III said France, Germany and the US agreed to seek reductions in Iraq's foreign debt within the Paris Club of creditor nations.
    (AP, 12/16/03)(SFC, 12/17/03, p.A18)

2003        Dec 20, A German bus swerved off a Belgian highway, crashed against a concrete divider and caught fire, killing 12 people and injuring dozens more.
    (AP, 12/20/03)

2003        Dec 19, German lawmakers adopted a package of tax cuts and looser employment laws.
    (SFC, 12/20/03, p.A3)

2003        Dec 31, Security forces boarded a bus in Macedonia and snatched a German citizen named Khaled el-Masri (b.1963). For the next five months, el-Masri was a ghost. Only a select group of CIA officers knew he had been whisked to a secret prison for interrogation in Afghanistan. He was the wrong guy. El-Masri was dumped in Albania in a remote hillside on May 28, 2004, without explanation or apology. Five months later Germany withdrew warrants for the arrest of 13 CIA agents. In 2012 el-Masri took his case to Europe’s human rights court.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khalid_El-Masri)(AP, 2/9/11)(SSFC, 3/6/11, p.F6)(SFC, 5/17/12, p.A4)

2003        The German film “Goodbye Lenin," directed by Wolfgang Becker, became a big hit grossing $80 million.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.83)
2003        Germany’s Zeppelin University, a private research university located at Lake Constance in Friedrichshafen, was founded. Its slogan reads “the problems within our society are ill-discipline, and so are we!"
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zeppelin_University)(Econ, 6/25/16, p.53)
2003        Xing, a professional social network website, was founded by Lars Hinrichs of Hamburg, Germany. It went public in 2006.
    (Econ, 9/27/08, p.76)
2003        Bavaria originated a local currency called the chiemgauer, named after the region where it originated. The currency was created to lose value every month and could be renewed for a sticker costing 2% of its value, which encouraged quick spending.
    (Econ, 1/24/09, p.81)

2004        Jan 9, The German Neuzeller Kloster Brewery announced plans to introduce its "Anti-Aging-Bier" this year and sell it in grocery and drug stores.
    (AP, 1/9/04)

2004        Feb 29, In Germany Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder's party was handed a stinging defeat by voters in Hamburg in elections reflecting the pent-up anger over his push to cut cherished state benefits.
    (AP, 2/29/04)

2004        Mar 16, Two Germans working on a water-supply project south of Baghdad were shot to death, and their deaths brought to six the number of foreigners killed in drive-by shootings in the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 3/16/04)

2004        Apr 3, Hundreds of thousands of Germans protested against Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder's unpopular drive to trim the welfare state.
    (AP, 4/3/04)

2004        Apr 7, In Germany a court in Hamburg released Mounir el-Motassadeq (30), the only man convicted so far of involvement in the Sep 11, 2001, attacks.
    (WSJ, 4/8/04, p.A1)

2004        Apr 21, Two German fighter jets collided and crashed in the country's north, police said. The two-person crew of one plane died and the other crew parachuted to safety.
    (AP, 4/21/04)

2004        May 3, The fast-spreading "Sasser" computer worm has infected hundreds of thousands of PCs globally and the number could soon rise sharply. When a machine is infected, error messages may appear and the computer may reboot repeatedly.
    (Reuters, 5/3/04)

2004        May 7, German authorities arrested Sven Jaschen, an 18-year-old high school student, for creating the "Sasser" network computer worm.  Jaschan also confessed to writing the Netsky virus and was suspected to be responsible for 70% of the 2004 virus infections. In 2005 Jaschan was found guilty of computer sabotage and illegally altering data. He was given a suspended sentence of one year and nine months.
    (AP, 5/8/04)(USAT, 5/11/04, p.4B)(SFC, 7/29/04, p.C3)(AP, 7/8/05)

2004        May 13, France and Germany declared an intention to formulate a joint industrial policy aimed at creating a framework for mergers and joint ventures.
    (Econ, 5/22/04, p.55)

2004        May 23, In Germany Horst Koehler, a former head of the IMF and advocate of bolder economic reforms, was elected as the country's 9th postwar president.
    (AP, 5/23/04)(Econ, 5/22/04, p.47)

2004        Jun 10, German researchers reported that a border collie named Rico understands more than 200 words and can learn new ones as quickly as many children.
    (AP, 6/10/04)

2004        Jun 15, In Germany Volkswagen fired Klaus-Joachim Gebauer, a midlevel personnel manager, for alleged embezzlement. Gebauer soon began telling stories of management sex junkets in Brazil, India and other places.
    (WSJ, 11/17/05, p.A1)

2004        Jun 18, Germany's parliament passed a measure that will allow the military to shoot down hijacked airliners in German airspace if they are deemed a threat.
    (AP, 6/18/04)

2004        Jun 26, In Berlin, Germany, hundreds of thousands of revelers sporting costumes from full Victorian garb to skimpy leather outfits and feather boas celebrated gay pride.
    (AP, 6/26/04)

2004        Jun 28, In Germany Mozart's opera "Die Entfuehrung aus dem Serail" (The Abduction from the Seraglio) has caused a scandal in Berlin. A new production featured rape, torture and masturbation, a nude bass singing an aria in the shower and a cross-dressing hero who rounds off the night by slaughtering a troupe of semi-naked prostitutes.
    (AP, 6/28/04)

2004        Jul 1, Horst Koehler, former IMF, head was sworn in as Germany's 9th post-war president.
    (AP, 7/1/04)

2004        Jun 3, Germany’s Goethe Center opened a reading room in Pyongyang, North Korea.

2004        Jul 9, Cpl. Wassef Ali Hassoun (24) arrived in Germany from Lebanon, where he had turned up at the US Embassy in Beirut a day earlier. He had been missing since June 20 from his base near the troubled Iraqi city of Fallujah. The Pentagon announced that Hassoun would be charged with desertion, larceny and wrongful disposition of military property in connection with his service-issued M9 pistol that disappeared with him and never turned up. On January 4, 2005, he was again labeled a deserter after failing to return to his base at Camp Lejeune in North Carolina from authorized leave. He was reportedly in Lebanon.
    (AP, 7/10/04)(SFC, 7/9/04, p.A1)(www.cnn.com/2005/LAW/01/05/hassoun.case/index.html)

2004        Jul 17, In Germany thousands of DaimlerChrysler workers walked off the job, extending protests against threats to cut jobs if employees don't accept steps to cut labor costs.
    (AP, 7/17/04)

2004        Jul 13, Carlos Kleiber (b.1930), German conductor, died. He was buried in Slovenia next to his wife. He was considered as one of the great conductors of the 20th century.

2004        Jul 22, A court in Dusseldorf, Germany, acquitted all 6 defendants in the 6-month Mannesmann trial. They were accused of committing a breach of trust relating to bonuses paid to CEO Klaus Esser and other executives following the 2000 sale of Mannesmann to Vodafone.
    (Econ, 7/24/04, p.60)

2004        Jul, In Germany Hartz IV was voted into law. It became effective in January 2005. It limited unemployment pay to the 1st year out of work, after which a much lower social security benefit kicked in. The Hartz laws originated in 2002 when Chancellor Schroder asked Peter Hartz, personnel chief at Volkswagen, to propose reforms in Germany’s labor market. The package became known as Schroder’s Agenda 2010.
    (Econ, 9/4/04, p.62)(Econ, 2/11/06, Survey p.9)(Econ 7/8/17, p.19)

2004        Sep 1, In Germany Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder's Cabinet agreed to forego a 4.4 percent pay raise for itself and top civil servants in an attempt to help fight the country's burgeoning budget deficit.
    (AP, 9/1/04)

2004        Sep 2, In Germany a fire in Weimar's Duchess Anna Amalia Library caused the loss or damage of thousands of irreplaceable books. Some 6,000 historical works were saved.
    (AP, 9/3/04)

2004        Sep 18, Munich's mayor opened the southern city's 171st Oktoberfest festival for a crowd of some 500,000.
    (AP, 9/18/04)

2004        Sep 19, In Germany the neo-Nazi National Democratic Party took 9.2% of the vote in Saxony and secured 12 seats.
    (Econ, 9/25/04, p.63)

2004        Oct 5, New data showed unemployment in Germany, the eurozone's biggest economy, is continuing to rise and could even reach five million by the winter.
    (AP, 10/5/04)

2004        Oct 14, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder arrived in Libya for an official visit during which he is to hold talks with Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi.
    (AP, 10/14/04)

2004        Oct 15, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder and Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi clashed over Iraq during their first-ever meeting in Tripoli while German business leaders touted for business in the oil-rich former pariah state. Schroeder praised the reforms of Muammar Gaddafi and invited the Libyan leader to visit Germany.
    (AP, 10/15/04)(Reuters, 10/15/04)

2004        Oct 20, Workers at a General Motors plant in Bochum, Germany, swallowed their anger over job cuts and voted to end a seven-day stoppage that has disrupted output at three other GM car factories.
    (AP, 10/20/04)

2004        Nov 20, Germany and the United States agreed on a proposal to write off as much as 80 percent of Iraq's debt.
    (AP, 11/20/04)

2004        Dec 3, In Germany 3 Iraqi citizens of Kurdish origin were arrested for plotting to kill Iraqi PM Ayad Allawi. In 2008 the 3 men were convicted and sentenced to prison. The Stuttgart state court convicted the three men of attempted participation in murder and membership in terrorist organization Ansar al-Islam, a radical Islamic group linked to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 7/15/08)

2004        Dec 6, China and Germany signed contracts worth $2.1 billion for Airbus jets and other industrial goods. Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder called for an end to a 15-year-old European arms embargo on China.
    (AP, 12/6/04)

2004        Dec 21, Siemens CEO Heinrich von Pierer said his German industrial conglomerate has signed a $2 billion deal to provide Russia's national railway with 60 high speed trains. The InterCityExpress (ICE) trains would initially run between Moscow and St. Petersburg at speeds of up to 155 miles per hour. They also will be used between St. Petersburg and Helsinki, Finland, and between other large cities within Russia.
    (AP, 12/21/04)

2004        Helmut Jung, WW II private in Germany’s Seventh Panzer division, authored his WW II memoir “But Not for the Fuehrer."
    (WSJ, 10/7/06, p.P12)
2004        Gabor Steingart authored "Decline of a Super Star," in which he argued that Germany's history since 1945 has been a big mistake.
    (Econ, 3/27/04, p.50)
2004        The German film “Gegen die Wand" (Head-On) by Hamburg-born Fatih Akin, won the Berlin film festival. It was a bleak, violent tale about Turkish-German cultural crossover.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.83)
2004        The German film “Der Untergang" (Downfall) by Oliver Hirschbiegel, was about Hitler’s last days.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.83)
2004        Germany passed an immigration law that required new immigrants to study German.
    (Econ, 2/11/06, Survey p.13)
2004        Germany's Development Minister Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul traveled to Namibia and offered Germany's first apology for a 1904 massacre, which she said was "what today would be labeled as genocide".
    (AP, 8/29/18)
2004        Statistics from Germany’s Federal Crime Office (BKA) showed that a quarter of bribes received this year were by local government officials of whom 53 were mayors.
    (Econ, 9/9/06, p.67)
2004        BMW unveiled the world's fastest hydrogen-powered car at the 2004 Paris auto show. Dubbed the H2R, it can exceed 300 kilometers (185 miles) per hour and reaches 100 km per hour from a standing start in around six seconds.
    (Reuters, 9/12/06)

2005        Jan 1, Germany was forecast for 1.9% annual GDP growth with a population at 82.7 million and GDP per head at $35,540.
    (Econ, 1/8/05, p.88)

2005        Jan 12, German police arrested 14 people during raids of apartments and mosques in five states in a crackdown on an Islamic extremist organization suspected of aiding terrorists.
    (AP, 1/12/05)

2005        Jan 21, A German policeman was stabbed in the neck with a pair of scissors and another taken hostage when a man they were trying to arrest turned violent.
    (AP, 1/21/05)

2005        Feb 2, The EU told Italy, France and Germany, to do more to bring their budgets in balance as required by the rules of Europe's single currency.
    (AP, 2/2/05)
2005        Feb 2, Max Schmeling (b.1905), the heavyweight champion whose two fights with Joe Louis set off a propaganda war between the Nazi regime and the US on the eve of World War II, died at age 99 at his home in Hollenstedt, Germany.
    (AP, 2/4/05)

2005        Feb 7, Hatun Surucu (23), a divorced mother, was killed by three shots to her head on a Berlin street. In 2006 a court convicted Ayhan Surucu, her younger Turkish brother, of the murder in what prosecutors described as an "honor killing" meant to punish the woman for her Western lifestyle. Ayhan was sentenced as a juvenile to nine years and three months in prison.
    (AP, 4/14/06)

2005        Feb 23, Pres. Bush and German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder pledged to help developing nations cut back on their output of greenhouse gases.
    (SFC, 2/26/05, p.A1)

2005        Mar 11, Germany’s parliament tightened laws against neo-Nazi demonstrations.
    (SFC, 3/12/05, p.A3)

2005        Mar 12, Customers of the German Edeka supermarket chain will soon be able to pay for their shopping by placing their finger on a scanner at the check-out, saving up to 40 seconds spent scrabbling for coins or cards.
    (Reuters, 3/12/05)

2005        Apr 11, In Germany thousands of public sector workers staged warning strikes aimed at forcing German states to agree to a deal that would introduce performance-rated pay.
    (AP, 4/11/05)

2005        Apr 13, It was reported that German car manufacturers were establishing new museums to exhibit their history. DaimlerChrysler AG was erecting a museum in Stuttgart as was Porsche AG, BMW AG was building one in Munich, while Volkswagen AG had one in its Autostadt theme park in Wolfsburg.
    (WSJ, 4/13/05, p.A1)

2005        Apr 19, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (78) of Germany became Pope Benedict XVI. As the 265th pope he promised to enforce strictly conservative policies for the world's Roman Catholics. In Germany Ratzinger's latest book, "Werte in Zeiten des Umbruchs" (Values in Times of Upheaval), was already sold out after its release a week ago. Ratzinger viewed secularism and moral relativism as the chief adversaries of God and the church.
    (AP, 4/19/05)(WSJ, 4/20/05, p.A1)

2005        Apr 29, The German government finally scaled back its 2005 growth forecasts, acknowledging that its earlier prognosis had been too optimistic in face of high oil prices and an unexpected economic contraction at the end of last year.
    (AFP, 4/29/05)

2005        May 9, Werner G. Seifert, the long-serving chief executive of the German stock exchange, was ousted by The Children's Investment Fund (TCI), a British hedge fund. In 2006 Seifert authored his account of the affair: “Invasion der Heuschrecken: Intrigen, Machkampfe, Marktmanipulation."
    (Econ, 4/8/06, p.64)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.81)

2005        May 10, Germany dedicated its national Holocaust memorial in Berlin, an undulating field of 2,711 concrete slabs.
    (AP, 5/10/05)(Econ, 5/7/05, p.48)

2005        May 21, Germany's prestigious Academy of Arts was reopened at its pre-World War II site next to Berlin's Brandenburg Gate.
    (AP, 5/21/05)

2005        May 27, The EU constitution cleared its final legislative hurdle in Germany, two days before French voters have their say on the document.
    (AP, 5/27/05)

2005        May 30, Germany's conservative opposition nominated Angela Merkel, a former chemistry researcher who entered politics during the collapse of communism, as its challenger to Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder.
    (AP, 5/30/05)

2005        Jun 12, UniCredit, Italy’s largest bank, announced the takeover HVB Group, Germany’s 2nd biggest. This gave UniCredit a commanding presence in Germany, Austria and Poland.
    (Econ, 6/18/05, p.70)(Econ, 10/12/13, SR p.8)

2005        Jun 17, In Germany former US Pres. George Bush, one-time Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl received an award for their role in ending Germany's Cold War division.
    (AP, 6/18/05)

2005        Jun 26, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder arrived in Washington for a visit shortened by election-year pressure.
    (AP, 6/27/05)

2005        Jun 27, France, Germany, Brazil and Chile called for a tax on airline tickets to help finance the global fight against poverty.
    (AP, 6/28/05)

2005        Jul 5, Workers began removing a field of crosses at Berlin's former Checkpoint Charlie after a privately run museum lost a court battle to keep the memorial to people killed at the East German border during the Cold War.
    (AP, 7/5/05)

2005        Jul 22, In Germany a pilot died when his ultralight plane crashed near the German parliament. He was questioned over the disappearance of his wife and expressed "suicidal intentions" before the flight.
    (AP, 7/23/05)

2005        Jul 28, DaimlerChrysler said CEO Juergen Schrempp, architect of the controversial merger between Daimler-Benz and Chrysler Corp., will step down and turn the top job over to Chrysler head Dieter Zetsche.
    (AP, 7/28/05)

2005        Jul 29, The U.S. Army said it will pull out of 13 bases in southern Germany as part of its repositioning of American forces around the world.
    (AP, 7/29/05)

2005        Jul 31, Police in eastern Germany found the remains of nine newborn babies buried in a garden and arrested a woman (39) believed to be their mother.
    (AP, 8/1/05)

2005        Aug 2, France, Britain and Germany hardened their tone toward Iran, warning that Tehran risked triggering an international crisis and could face U.N. sanctions if it follows through with a threat to resume its nuclear program.
    (AP, 8/2/05)

2005        Aug 3, German shoemaker Adidas-Salomon AG said it will buy Reebok for $3.8 billion, giving the company about 20 percent of the US market and the potential to better challenge leader Nike Inc. on its home turf.
    (AP, 8/3/05)

2005        Aug 12, A German court convicted Holger Pfahls, former deputy defense minister, of accepting illegal payments and evading taxes while serving in the government of former Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
    (AP, 8/12/05)

2005        Aug 18, Pope Benedict XVI began his first foreign trip as pontiff, leaving Rome to take part in the Roman Catholic Church's World Youth Day in Cologne, Germany.
    (AP, 8/18/05)

2005        Aug 19, In Germany Mounir El Motassadeq (31), a Moroccan man accused of helping the Sept. 11 hijackers was convicted, of membership in a terrorist organization but was acquitted of direct involvement in the attacks on the US. He was sentenced to 7 years in prison.
    (Reuters, 8/19/05)
2005        Aug 19, Pope Benedict XVI warned of rising anti-Semitism and hostility to foreigners, winning a standing ovation from members of Germany's oldest Jewish community during a visit to a rebuilt synagogue that had been destroyed by the Nazis.
    (AP, 8/19/05)

2005        Aug 20, Hundreds of German far right extremists marched through Berlin and gathered for a rally in former Nazi hotbed Nuremberg after a meeting to honor Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess was banned.
    (Reuters, 8/20/05)

2005        Aug 21, Pope Benedict XVI triumphantly ended his four-day trip to his native Germany, celebrating an open-air Mass for a million people in Cologne.
    (AP, 8/21/06)

2005        Aug 30, In Germany Berlin's mayor Klaus Wowereit defended his decision to welcome a leather and fetish enthusiasts to the German capital and accused his conservative critics of being "small-minded."
    (AP, 8/30/05)

2005        Sep 3, Volkswagen said it plans to cut 10,000 jobs from its workforce over the next few years as it reduces production.
    (AP, 9/3/05)

2005        Sep 8, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder and Russian President Vladimir Putin sealed an agreement to build a Baltic Sea gas pipeline aimed at boosting Russia's gas sales to Europe and securing uninterrupted energy supplies for Germany.
    (AP, 9/8/05)
2005        Sep 8, A German military plane carrying 15 tons of military rations for survivors of Hurricane Katrina was sent back by US authorities because it did not have the required authorization.
    (AP, 9/10/05)

2005        Sep 11, The German firm Allianz, Europe’s biggest insurer, opted for pan-European status as part of a merger and restructure.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.64)

2005        Sep 17, Germany’s 172nd Oktoberfest opened and will run to Oct 3.
    (AP, 5/17/05)

2005        Sep 18, Exit polls showed conservative challenger Angela Merkel's party leading in German parliamentary elections but falling short of the majority she needed to form a center-right coalition as the nation's first female chancellor. Merkel's bloc won the most votes in elections, but fell short of a clear mandate to govern.
    (AP, 9/18/05)(AP, 9/18/06)

2005        Sep 20, Top politicians on both sides of Germany's political standoff agreed a bipartisan "grand coalition" linking Gerhard Schroeder's Social Democrats and challenger Angela Merkel's Christian Democrats would be the best way out of the post election muddle.
    (AP, 9/20/05)

2005        Sep 25, In Germany Porsche announced that it plans to take a stake of around 20% in VW in a move that would help shield Europe's biggest car maker from a hostile takeover.
    (AFP, 9/26/05)

2005        Sep 28, Germany's outgoing parliament voted overwhelmingly to keep its troops in Afghanistan for another year.
    (AP, 9/28/05)

2005        Sep, Telebid, a German online auction, was launched. It used purchased-credits, instead of symbolic offers, for bidding. Over the next few years it expanded into Austria, Canada, Spain, Britain and America. In 2008 it changed its name to Swoopo.
    (Econ, 8/15/09, p.58)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swoopo)

2005        Oct 2, Voters in the German city of Dresden cast the last ballots in the inconclusive national election in what could offer a breakthrough in a bitter power struggle over who will be the next chancellor. The election there was postponed for two weeks due to the death of a neo-Nazi candidate.
    (AP, 10/2/05)

2005        Oct 3, Munich's two-week Oktoberfest drew to a close, and organizers said more people visited this year but they drank less beer than in 2004.
    (AP, 10/3/05)

2005        Oct 10, Conservative leader Angela Merkel said she had reached a "good and fair" deal that will make her Germany's first female chancellor in a power-sharing agreement that would end Gerhard Schroeder's seven years in office.
    (AP, 10/10/05)

2005        Oct 10, The US formally handed Rhein-Main Air Base over to the German government, ending a 60-year stay during which the sprawling field was a hub of activity for American forces facing Soviet bloc troops and Mideast tensions.
    (AP, 10/10/05)

2005        Oct 12, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder said he will not participate in Germany's new coalition government, ending seven years in power marked by a newly assertive foreign policy and efforts to prune welfare benefits that were a drag on Europe's biggest economy.
    (AP, 10/12/05)

2005        Oct 13, Germany's highest administrative court has upheld claims to real estate in Berlin by heirs of the Jewish Wertheim family who lost their department store fortune under the Nazis. The department store site is worth some $20 million. The decision opened the way for claims on a total of 24 acres of former Wertheim property in Berlin, which was estimated to be worth some $200 million.
    (AP, 10/26/05)

2005        Oct 17, Deutsche Bank AG and private bank Sal. Oppenheim said they would acquire a combined 14% stake in China's Hua Xia Bank in a deal worth 272 million euros ($326.4 million).
    (AP, 10/17/05)

2005        Oct 24, Germany’s two main political parties said the country faced a $42 billion budget shortfall, signaling tough spending cuts or tax hikes under a planned coalition even as its economy struggles.
    (AP, 10/24/05)

2005        Oct 26, A court in Duesseldorf convicted 4 Arab men of plotting to attack Jewish targets in Germany and found 3 of them guilty of being members of a terrorist organization.
    (AP, 10/26/05)

2005        Oct 30, Dresden's $215 million rebuilt Frauenkirche, or Church of Our Lady, was re-consecrated, 60 years after it was destroyed by Allied bombs in World War II. The Protestant church was originally built in 1743 and collapsed after a wave of bombing in February 1945.
    (AP, 10/30/05)(SSFC, 10/30/05, p.A16)

2005        Nov 1, Britain's Competition Commission (CC) gave approval to proposed takeovers of the London Stock Exchange by the German Deutsche Boerse or the pan-European market Euronext, but attached conditions.
    (AFP, 11/1/05)

2005        Nov 2, Deutsche Telekom AG, Europe's biggest phone company, said that it plans to cut 32,000 jobs from its payroll in Germany in the next three years, 25,000 at its main operations and 7,000 from a staffing agency subsidiary.
    (AP, 11/2/05)

2005        Nov 11, Germany's biggest political parties reached a deal to form a coalition government, sealing an accord that makes Angela Merkel the nation's first female chancellor.
    (AP, 11/11/05)
2005        Nov 11, Automaker DaimlerChrysler AG ended its ill-fated involvement with Japan's Mitsubishi Motors Co., selling its 12.4 percent stake in the company to Goldman Sachs for an undisclosed price.
    (AP, 11/11/05)

2005        Nov 14, Angela Merkel's Christian Democratic party overwhelmingly approved a coalition agreement with the Social Democrats that will make her Germany's first woman chancellor.
    (AP, 11/14/05)

2005        Nov 18, Conservative leader Angela Merkel took a last step toward becoming Germany's first female chancellor when she and other party officials signed a hard-won agreement to form a left-right coalition government.
    (AP, 11/19/05)

2005        Nov 22, Angela Merkel was elected as Germany's first female chancellor, taking power at the helm of an unwieldy alliance of the right and left that now officially has the job of turning around Europe's biggest economy.
    (AP, 11/22/05)

2005        Dec 2, It was reported that a money-laundering scandal that started in Germany has spread to other countries and implicated Leonid Reiman, Russia’s telecommunications minister and close Putin ally. Prosecutors suspected that Mr. Reiman had set up a network of shell companies and trusts to conceal over $1 billion in assets.
    (WSJ, 12/2/05, p.A3)
2005        Dec 2, In eastern Germany a fire at a shelter for the homeless killed nine people.
    (AP, 12/02/05)

2005        Dec 6, A German man filed a lawsuit in Virginia claiming he was held captive and tortured by US government agents after being mistakenly identified as an associate of the Sept. 11 hijackers. Khaled El-Masri said he was arrested Dec 31, 2003 while attempting to enter Macedonia for a holiday trip and flown to Afghanistan. During five months in captivity he was subjected to "torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.
    (AP, 12/06/05)

2005        Dec 7, The European aircraft manufacturer Airbus said that German Wings, a low-cost airline, had placed a firm order for 18 Airbus 319 airliners.
    (AFP, 12/07/05)

2005        Dec 12, Swedish home-appliance maker AB Electrolux said it will close its plant in Nuremberg, Germany, by the end of 2007, transferring production to Poland and Italy and eliminating 1,750 jobs.
    (AP, 12/12/05)

2005        Dec 13, DB Real Estate, a subsidiary of Deutsche Bank, closed grundbesitz-invest, a €6.2 billion property fund, for a revaluation. It was the 1st closure in the 40-year history of the open-ended property funds.
    (Econ, 1/21/06, p.73)

2005        Dec 14, It was reported that Volkswagen AG was getting ready for the 2006 US launch of its $1 million Bugatti Veyron, a 2-seater with 1,001 horsepower.
    (WSJ, 12/14/05, p.D1)

2005        Dec 16, Mohammed Ali Hamadi, a Lebanese man serving a life sentence in Germany for the 1985 hijacking of a TWA jetliner and killing of a U.S. Navy diver, returned to Lebanon after being paroled in Germany.
    (AP, 12/20/05)

2005        Dec 18, A German TV station said a German archaeologist kidnapped in Iraq last month with her driver has been freed.
    (AP, 12/18/05)

2005        Dec 19, In Germany Ladislav Niznansky (88), a former Nazi commander, was acquitted of murder in three massacres in Slovakia after a court said there was no reliable evidence he was involved in the killings. Niznansky, a former Slovak army captain who at first supported the 1944 revolt, changed sides after he was captured and took charge of the Slovak section of a Nazi unit, code-named Edelweiss, that hunted resistance fighters and Jews. He was convicted of the massacres and sentenced to death in absentia by Czechoslovakia in 1962.
    (AP, 12/19/05)

2005        Dec 28, The German state of Bavaria banned the Multi-Kultur-Haus (MKH) association,  a radical Islamist group, saying materials seized from its offices urged Muslims to murder Jews and Christians.
    (AP, 12/28/05)

2005        Dec 30, It was reported that more than 150,000 Germans packed their bags and left in 2004 due to unemployment, the greatest exodus in any single year since the late 1940s.
    (Reuters, 12/30/05)
2005        Dec 30, In Germany the US Air Force handed over the keys to Rhein-Main Air Base to the operator of Frankfurt International Airport in a final act of closure for the base, which for 60 years hosted American forces.
    (AP, 12/30/05)

2005        Dec 31, Yemeni kidnappers released a former German diplomat and his four family members.
    (AP, 12/31/05)

2005        Dec, Germany’s former chancellor Gerhard Schroeder accepted a job chairing the consortium of a new pipeline for Russian gas to western Europe under the Baltic Sea.
    (Econ, 12/17/05, p.49)

2005        In Germany the Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady) in Dresden re-opened. It had been destroyed by Allied bombing in 1945.
    (SSFC, 6/17/12, p.N3)
2005        Germany passed a temporary measure dubbed Lex Telecom to allow a group of model plaintiffs to establish a precedent in a case against Deutsche Telecom.
    (Econ, 4/12/08, p.72)
2005        The government of Germany disclosed in 2008 that an eighth of Germans lived at or below the poverty line in 2005.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.69)
2005        In Germany Patrick Stuebing (b.1976) was sentenced to 14 months in prison for incest with his younger sister, with whom he fathered four children. In 2012 the European Court of Human Rights said his privacy rights were not violated.
    (AP, 4/12/12)
2005        In Germany Landlust magazine was launched by an agricultural trade publisher. By 2011 circulation grew to 800,000.
    (Econ, 6/11/11, p.57)

2006        Jan 2, The roof of an ice rink with about 50 people inside collapsed after a heavy snowfall in a town in the Bavarian Alps killing 15 people, most of them teens and children.
    (AP, 1/5/06)

2006        Jan 12, A German court convicted Amin Lokman Mohamed (33), an Iraqi man, of aiding a terror group in his home country and sentenced him to seven years in prison.
    (AP, 1/12/06)

2006        Jan 13, President Bush met with Germany's new chancellor, Angela Merkel, at the White House. German's security services faced the prospect of a parliamentary inquiry, triggered by reports that German agents in Baghdad had helped the United States pinpoint bombing targets on April 7, 2003. Foreign Minister Walter Steinmeier confirmed that Germany had 2 agents in Baghdad, who helped American with coordinates for non-targets.
    (Reuters, 1/13/06)(WSJ, 1/13/06, p.A1)(Econ, 1/21/06, p.49)(AP, 1/13/07)

2006        Jan 18, In Germany thousands of doctors marched through Berlin to demand changes to the state health care system, including better pay and less bureaucracy.
    (AP, 1/18/06)

2006        Jan 19, In Germany environmentalists positioned a 55-foot dead whale in front of the Japanese Embassy in Berlin to protest against Japanese whale-hunting.
    (AP, 1/19/06)

2006        Jan 20, German factory workers at Swedish home-appliances maker AB Electrolux launched a strike, demanding a better severance package when the plant shuts down late next year.
    (AP, 1/20/06)

2006        Jan 24, In Germany automaker DaimlerChrysler AG said that it would cut administrative staff by 20 percent worldwide over three years, dropping 6,000 jobs in order to save some $1.2 billion a year and make the company leaner and more profitable.
    (AP, 1/24/06)

2006        Jan 27, It was reported that one of every two German oak trees was sick due to pollution and global warming.
2006        Jan 27, Johannes Rau (75), former German president (1999-2004), died. He urged his country to open up to foreigners and promoted deeper ties with Israel.
    (AP, 1/27/06)

2006        Jan, In Germany Mario Mederake (36), an unemployed laborer, snatched Stephanie Rudolph (13) off the street as she was on her way to school in Dresden. Over the course of the next 36 days, Mederake turned her into his "sex slave", raping her more than 100 times.
    (AFP, 11/6/06)

2006        Feb 2, German alternative-power company Solarworld AG said it will buy businesses from Shell to take over as the top maker of solar power equipment in the US.
    (AP, 2/2/06)

2006        Feb 6, Public employees in the southern German state of Baden Wuerttemberg walked off the job in protest of plans to make them work longer without increasing their pay.
    (AP, 2/6/06)

2006        Feb 7, In Germany Mounir el Motassadeq (31), a Moroccan convicted of belonging to a terrorist cell that included three Sept. 11 hijackers, was freed from prison after a federal court ruled he shouldn't be jailed with appeals still pending.
    (AP, 2/7/06)

2006        Feb 10, Volkswagen announced that it would cut up to 20,000 jobs over the next 3 years from its western German workforce of 103,000, as well as demanding longer hours for no extra pay. The company share price rose 15% on the announcement.
    (Econ, 2/18/06, p.57)

2006        Feb 13, In Germany some 22,000 public workers in 8 of 16 federal states stopped work to protest an expanded workweek with no increase in pay.
    (WSJ, 2/13/06, p.A7)

2006        Feb 15, Germany said further tests had confirmed H5N1 bird flu in two swans, prompting other European countries to step up efforts to prevent the virus infecting domestic livestock.
    (AP, 2/15/06)

2006        Feb 18, A German plane from Azerbaijan went missing in northern Iraq. 5 Germans and an Iraqi on board were found dead the next day.
    (AP, 2/19/06)

2006        Feb 22, Michaela Giersberg, a nursing assistant, was convicted in Bonn, Germany, of killing 9 women she had been caring for from 2003-2005. She was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 2/22/06)

2006        Feb 26, On the final day of the Turin Winter Olympics, Sweden beat Finland 3-2 to win the men's hockey gold. Germany led the gold medal count with 29. The US won 25 medals including 9 gold, Canada won 24, Austria 23 and Russia 22. Drew Lachey leaped to victory with professional partner Cheryl Burke on ABC's "Dancing with the Stars." Shizuka Arakawa won a gold medal for Japan in figure skating.
    (SFC, 2/27/06, p.A1)(SFC, 2/27/06, p.A1)(AP, 2/26/07)

2006        Feb 28, The deadly strain of bird flu was confirmed in a cat in northern Germany, the first time the virus has been identified in a mammal in the 25 nations of the European Union.
    (AP, 2/28/06)

2006        Mar 6, German drugmaker Bayer AG said its fourth-quarter profit fell 33% after it set aside 275 million euros ($330.5 million) to settle claims that it colluded on prices of rubber and plastic in the US.
    (AP, 3/6/06)

2006        Mar 8, A German minister claimed that deadly bird flu was moving closer to infecting humans in Europe after two more cats died of the virus. China reported its 10th human fatality.
    (AFP, 3/8/06)

2006        Mar 9, A German laboratory said the H5N1 bird flu virus has been found in a weasel-like mammal called a stone marten.
    (AP, 3/9/06)
2006        Mar 9, In southern Germany a delivery van struck a funeral procession after the driver had a fatal heart attack. The crash killed two mourners.
    (AP, 3/9/06)

2006        Mar 13, Germany's public sector strikes entered their sixth week developing into a test of union strength and exposing cracks between the parties in Chancellor Angela Merkel's coalition government.
    (AP, 3/13/06)
2006        Mar 13, Merck KGaA, a maker of pharmaceuticals and specialty chemicals, launched a 15-billion-euro (18-billion-dollar) hostile takeover bid for Berlin-based rival Schering, opening the way for a bitter bidding battle.
    (AP, 3/13/06)

2006        Mar 23, German prosecutors said 2 former employees of Siemens AG's Power Generation branch have been charged with offering bribes totaling some 6 million euros ($7.3 million) to secure contracts from Italian gas companies.
    (AP, 3/23/06)

2006        Mar 24, Bayer AG's 16.3 billion euro ($19.6 billion) offer for drugmaker Schering AG was embraced by its target as German rival Merck abandoned its own takeover offer.
    (AP, 3/24/06)

2006        Mar 28, The German state of Bavaria announced a ban on the use of cell phones in schools to prevent students from viewing images of pornography and extreme violence.
    (AP, 3/28/06)

2006        Mar 29, In Germany factory workers at Ford, Infineon, DaimlerChrysler and other companies in Germany temporarily walked off their jobs as part of a series of warning strikes to put pressure on employers over demands for higher wages.
    (AP, 3/29/06)

2006        Mar 30, Former German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder was appointed chairman of the consortium building a strategically vital gas pipeline linking Russia's vast reserves with German markets, and awarded a salary of about $300,000.
    (AP, 3/30/06)
2006        Mar 30, Germany's metal-working sector was hit by a second consecutive day of strikes as members of the giant IG Metall union applied more pressure for a five-percent pay rise.
    (AP, 3/30/06)

2006        Apr 13, Bayer AG made its official takeover bid for fellow German drugmaker Schering AG, offering 16.5 billion euros ($20.01 billion), slightly more than its previous 16.3 billion euro ($19.76 billion) offer that Schering's board had recommended be accepted.
    (AP, 4/13/06)

2006        Apr 16, A 37-year-old Ethiopian-born German man suffered life-threatening head and brain injuries in a beating at a tram stop in Potsdam. On April 19 a 15-strong Nigerian delegation was to check into Potsdam's Voltaire Hotel and stay for a week, but pulled out after hearing about the weekend attack.
    (AP, 4/20/06)

2006        May 3 In their second meeting at the White House, President Bush and German Chancellor Angela Merkel vowed to keep pressing Iran on its nuclear program as other allies took the issue to the United Nations.
    (AP, 5/4/06)

2006        May 9, A German court handed down a life sentence for murder to Armin Meiwes, the German cannibal jailed for killing a man and feeding on his flesh, overturning a previous manslaughter conviction.
    (AP, 5/9/06)

2006        May 10, German customs authorities arrested four men, breaking up a smuggling ring that allegedly was supplying Iran with navigation equipment for military use.
    (AP, 5/10/06)

2006        May 15, More than 12,000 doctors across Germany went on strike in the biggest walkout in the sector since a dispute over pay flared two months ago.
    (AP, 5/15/06)

2006        May 23, German Chancellor Angela Merkel met the Shanghai bishop from the Chinese Catholic church on the final day of a visit in which rights issues took center stage alongside trade.
    (AP, 5/23/06)

2006        May 26, In Germany a knife-wielding teenager went on a rampage and attacked pedestrians as they left a celebration in Berlin, wounding 27 people. The attacker (17) had mingled with crowds leaving a sound-and-light show inaugurating Berlin's new central rail station in the heart of the capital.
    (AP, 5/27/06)

2006        May 29, Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), the US maker of computer chips, said it planned to invest 2.5 billion dollars (1.96 billion euros) in expanding capacity at its factory in Dresden, eastern Germany, over the next three years.
    (AFP, 5/29/06)

2006        Jun 1, The German parliament overwhelmingly approved the government's plan to deploy German troops to the Democratic Republic of Congo during its July election, despite public skepticism about the mission.
    (AP, 6/1/06)
2006        Jun 1, A German court jailed Sabine Hilschenz (40) for 15 years for killing eight of her newborn babies in the worst case of infanticide in the country's criminal history. She had buried them in flower pots and a fish tank at her parents’ home.
    (AFP, 6/1/06)(SFC, 4/8/08, p.A3)

2006        Jun 9, Germany opened the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the 18th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament. The games concluded on July 9.

2006        Jun 14, German drugmaker Merck KGaA agreed to sell its 21.8% stake in Schering AG to Bayer AG, clearing the way for Bayer to take over Schering and end a merger drama that saw Merck in a position to block the takeover. In the process Merck gained a windfall of some €400 million.
    (AP, 6/14/06)(Econ, 6/17/06, p.64)

2006        Jun 16, Germany’s parliament approved a big increase in value-added tax, to take effect in 2007. Efforts to lower corporate taxes faced stiff opposition.
    (Econ, 7/1/06, p.71)

2006        Jun 26, Thousands of doctors at municipal hospitals in Germany walked off the job in a strike that follows a recent round of walkouts by their counterparts at university-run clinics. A 2-year-old bear was killed by a hunter under sanction by officials in the southern state of Bavaria. Bruno was the first wild bear to be seen in Germany since 1835. The next day Italy's environment minister lodged an official protest with his German counterpart over the killing.
    (AP, 6/26/06)(AP, 6/28/06)

2006        Jul 2, EADS's French co-chief executive Noel Forgeard and Airbus's German head Gustav Humbert tendered their resignations over delays to deliveries of the A380 superjumbo that has wiped billions of euros (dollars) off EADS's share price. Louis Gallois became the new EADS co-CEO; Christian Strieff was named the new president and CEO of Airbus.
    (AFP, 7/2/06)(WSJ, 7/3/06, p.A2)

2006        Jul 5, Germany's Cabinet approved a 2007 budget that foresees trimming the deficit to comply with EU rules, and the finance minister said Berlin likely would hit the target this year.
    (AP, 7/5/06)

2006        Jul 6, Israel signed a contract with Germany for 2 new Dolphin submarines capable of carrying nuclear warheads.
    (AP, 8/25/06)

2006        Jul 13, President Bush met with German Chancellor Angela Merkel in Stralsund, Germany, while on his way to the G8 summit in Russia.
    (AP, 7/13/06)

2006        Jul 16, A small German tourist plane crashed on takeoff from the Italian island of Elba, killing four people aboard and seriously injuring one.
    (AP, 7/16/06)

2006        Jul 17, EAD’s Airbus, reeling from a management shakeup that followed delays in its flagship superjumbo jet program, unveiled a long-awaited revamp of its mid-sized A350 at the Farnborough Air Show in England.
    (AP, 7/17/06)(WSJ, 7/17/06, p.A3)

2006        Jul 20, German and US scientists began a 2-year project to decipher the genetic code of the Neanderthal.
    (SFC, 7/21/06, p.A6)

2006        Jul 26, Germany, Israel and the US signed an agreement opening to researchers an archive of millions of Nazi files describing how the Holocaust was carried out.
    (AP, 7/26/06)

2006        Jul 28, Wal-Mart Stores Inc. said it is ending its loss-generating business in Germany just two months after leaving South Korea in what analysts welcomed as a move to focus resources on expanding in more profitable international markets like China and Latin America. Wal-Mart sold its 85 German stores to Metro, the local market leader.
    (AP, 7/28/06)(Econ, 8/5/06, p.54)

2006        Jul, Bombs were planted on two regional trains at Cologne's main station, but failed to explode. Youssef Mohammed el-Hajdib was arrested a month later in Kiel. Jihad Hamad, fled to his native Lebanon and was arrested there. In 2007 Hamad was sentenced to 12 years in prison by a Lebanese court. In 2008 el-Hajdib (24), a Lebanese man, was convicted in Germany of attempted murder and sentenced to life in prison for the failed attack.
    (AP, 12/9/08)

2006        Aug 11, German novelist Guenter Grass (78) admitted in an interview that he served in the Waffen SS, the combat arm of Adolf Hitler's dreaded paramilitary forces, during World War II. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1999 for works including his 1959 novel, "The Tin Drum." His new memoir about the war years, Peeling the Onion" was published in September, 2006. The English translation came out in 2007.
    (AP, 8/11/06)(SSFC, 7/8/07, p.M1)

2006        Aug 19, In Germany a 21-year-old Lebanese was arrested in a police swoop on the railway station in Kiel as he tried to flee the city, where he was a student. He was one of two men suspected of planting bombs on German trains in a failed terrorist attack in July.
    (AP, 8/20/06)

2006        Aug 24, Jihad Hamad (20), the second main suspect in a failed plot to bomb two German trains, was arrested in his native Lebanon after surrendering to police.
    (AP, 8/24/06)
2006        Aug 24, Murat Kurnaz (b.1982), a German native, was released after spending more than 4 years locked up at Guantanamo Bay. He had been arrested in Pakistan in late 2001. In 2007 he and Helmut Kuhn authored “Fünf Jahre meines Lebens: Ein Bericht aus Guantanamo" (Five years of My Life: A Report from Guantanamo).
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.53)(http://tinyurl.com/36pdk5)(Econ, 6/9/07, p.97)

2006        Aug 25, German police arrested a 3rd suspect in connection with a failed attempt to blow up two trains. Lebanese authorities picked up a 4th man believed to have been involved.
    (AP, 8/25/06)

2006        Sep 9, Pope Benedict XVI began a six-day homecoming to his native Bavaria.
    (AP, 9/9/06)

2006        Sep 11, Joachim Fest (79), German journalist and historian, died. He worked closely with Adolf Hitler's architect Albert Speer on his memoirs. Fest's biographical portrait "Hitler," published in English in 1974 the year after its German release, is widely regarded as the best, among many, on the dictator.
    (AP, 9/12/06)

2006        Sep 12, Pope Benedict XVI delivered a speech at Regensburg Univ. that included brusque words about Islam. He quoted a 14th century Byzantine emperor as saying “Show me just what Muhammad brought that was new, and there you will find things only evil and inhuman, such as his command to spread by the sword the faith he preached." The speech quickly provoked criticism from the world’s Muslim communities. The pontiff later said he regretted that Muslims were offended.
    (SFC, 9/15/06, p.A17)(AP, 9/12/07)

2006        Sep 14, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said she has again raised human rights issues with visiting Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and urged Beijing to respect the freedom of the press.
    (AP, 9/14/06)
2006        Sep 14, Three men became the first rabbis ordained in Germany since World War II.
    (AP, 9/14/07)

2006        Sep 18, In Germany Jacqueline Battles, the German wife of an American contractor accused of cheating the US government in Iraq, was arrested on suspicion of money laundering. In March a US jury ordered contractors Mike Battles and Scott Custer to pay $10 million for swindling the US government over Iraqi rebuilding projects in connection with their Middletown, R.I.-based company, Custer Battles LLC.
    (AP, 9/18/06)

2006        Sep 19, In southern Germany a US AH-64D Apache Longbow attack helicopter crashed on a training mission, killing two American soldiers.
    (AP, 9/21/06)

2006        Sep 22, In northwestern Germany the high-speed, Transrapid magnetic train, traveling at 125 mph, crashed. 23 of the 29 people aboard were killed and others injured in the first fatal wreck involving the high-tech system. A gas tank exploded in a bakery in a south German village, burying a dozen people in the rubble and injuring several more.
    (AP, 9/22/06)(AP, 9/23/06)

2006        Sep 23, Russian Pres. Vladimir Putin and his French counterpart Jacques Chirac joined German Chancellor Angela Merkel for a three-way informal summit in a chateau in Compiegne.
    (AP, 9/23/06)

2006        Sep 25, Deutsche Oper, a leading German opera house, canceled a 3-year-old production of Mozart's "Idomeneo" that included a scene showing the severed head of the Prophet Muhammad, unleashing a furious debate over free speech.
    (AP, 9/26/06)
2006        Sep 25, UCB, a Belgian drug firm, announced a takeover of Germany’s Schwarz Pharma for €4.4 billion.
    (Econ, 9/30/06, p.71)

2006        Sep 27, Germany opened a conference in Berlin on opening a 2-year dialogue separating Islamic fundamentalism from Islam.
    (Econ, 9/30/06, p.62)

2006        Oct 4, The world's biggest book fair opened in Frankfurt, Germany, with Indian authors taking center stage and a new scheme to protect writers' copyrights from Internet piracy creating a buzz.
    (AFP, 10/4/06)

2006        Oct 7, In northern Afghanistan 2 German journalists working for the country's national broadcaster and traveling on their own were killed by gunmen, the first foreign journalists murdered here since late 2001. In southern Afghanistan a NATO soldier was killed in an attack by militants who exploded a roadside bomb and fired on a military patrol.
    (AP, 10/7/06)

2006        Oct 9, Khaled al-Masri (43), a Kuwaiti-born German citizen, testified in a Spanish court that he was kidnapped on Dec 31, 2003, at the Serbia-Macedonia border while on vacation, tortured by US intelligence agents for 23 days, then flown by the CIA to Afghanistan where he was imprisoned and abused for five months. He was released in Albania in May 2004 after the CIA discovered they had the wrong person.
    (AP, 10/9/06)

2006        Oct 14, in southwestern Germany 2 female US soldiers died after they were hit by a train at Neckarsteinach station, east of Heidelberg.
    (AP, 10/15/06)

2006        Oct 27, Germany's Defense Minister Franz Josef Jung said the military has suspended two soldiers from duty in connection with photos of service members posing with skulls in Afghanistan. Pictures taken in early 2003 showed soldiers posing with a skull on the hood of their vehicle and one soldier holding the skull next to his exposed genitals.
    (AP, 10/27/06)

2006        Nov 2, Hundreds of euro bills in Germany have mysteriously disintegrated in the last several months, apparently due to exposure to sulfuric acid.
    (AFP, 11/2/06)

2006        Nov 4, Swathes of Austria, Belgium, Croatia, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and the Netherlands and went dark for up to an hour in the late evening as cold Germans rushing to switch on heaters sucked up electricity from Europe's interconnected networks.
    (AP, 11/5/06)

2006        Nov 9, Markus Wolf (83), who outwitted the West as communist East Germany's long-serving spymaster, died. Wolf served under Erich Mielke, the hated Stasi chief, from 1956 until the fall of the Berlin Wall. Wolf detailed a string of his sagas in his 1997 book "Memoirs of a Spymaster."
    (AP, 11/9/06)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.90)

2006        Nov 14, Civil rights groups filed a suit with German prosecutors seeking war crimes charges against outgoing Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld for alleged abuse of detainees at Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo prisons.
    (AP, 11/14/06)

2006        Nov 15, Over 200 German police raided more than 30 offices of the engineering and electronics giant Siemens as well as the apartments of some of its top managers in a huge embezzlement probe. The company was cooperating fully with the investigation.
    (AFP, 11/15/06)(WSJ, 12/27/07, p.A4)
2006        Nov 15, Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi received assurances from German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier that Berlin would work to bolster ties with Tripoli when it assumes the EU presidency next year.
    (AFP, 11/15/06)

2006        Nov 16, In Germany Mounir El Motassadeq, a Moroccan man, was convicted of acting as an accessory to murder in the Sept. 11, 2001 terror attacks by a federal appeals court that ruled that he played a direct role in the plot.
    (AP, 11/16/06)

2006        Nov 20, In Kempten, Germany, nurse Stephan Letter was convicted of killing 28 of his patients  (2003-2004) at a hospital in Sonthofen, Germany, and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 11/20/06)
2006        Nov 20, In northwest Germany, Sebastian Bosse (18) with explosives strapped to his body, killed himself after storming a high school in Emsdetten and injuring several people with gunfire.
    (AP, 11/21/06)

2006        Nov, Klaus Jacobs, a German-born billionaire, announced that he would donate 200 million euros to the Int’l. University Bremen (IUB). This saved IUB, Germany’s only fully fledged private and int’l. university.
    (Econ, 12/16/06, p.51)

2006        Dec 5, Knut became the first polar bear born to be born in Germany’s Berlin Zoo in 30 years. He was rejected by his mother and spent his first 44 days in an incubator. Zookeeper Thomas Doerflein (d.2008 at 44) raised the cub by hand.
    (www.spiegel.de/international/0,1518,461624,00.html)(SFC, 9/26/08, p.B9)
2006        Dec 5, In Germany world chess champion Vladimir Kramnik lost the sixth and decisive game against computer program Deep Fritz, ceding a hard-fought Man vs. Machine match 4-2.
    (AP, 12/5/06)

2006        Dec 9, German police found traces of radiation in two buildings linked to a Russian businessman who met the murdered ex-spy Alexander Litvinenko in London on the day he fell ill. Radiation traces were found overnight in an apartment belonging to Dmitry Kovtun's ex-wife in the northern city of Hamburg. Kovtun is now in hospital.
    (AP, 12/9/06)

2006        Dec 11, German investigators confirmed that a car used by Russian businessman Dmitry Kovtun, a contact of fatally poisoned ex-spy Alexander Litvinenko before the two men met, was contaminated with the rare radioactive substance polonium-210.
    (AP, 12/11/06)
2006        Dec 11, Siemens, a German conglomerate, filed papers with the SEC to account for some $265 million siphoned out of secret bank accounts in Liechtenstein, Austria and Switzerland.
    (Econ, 12/16/06, p.65)

2006        Dec 16, Researchers from Germany, America, and Israel met in Heidelberg to discuss vibration-response imaging, invented by Dr. Igal Kushnir, an Israeli pediatrician.
    (Econ, 12/16/06, p.83)

2006        Dec 21, Deutsche Bank AG agreed to pay $208 million to end SEC investigations into improper mutual fund trading.
    (SFC, 12/22/06, p.D3)

2006        Dec 24, Germany said it will not offer the Sri Lankan government new aid until the peace process in the country advances and called on other nations to increase the pressure on Colombo.
    (AFP, 12/24/06)

2006        Dec, The German jobless total rose back above four million, after unemployment in the eurozone's biggest economy fell to a four-year low the previous month.
    (AFP, 1/3/07)

2006        David Blackbourn authored “The Conquest of Nature: Water, Landscape and the Making of Modern Germany." He covered water management in Germany over the past 250 years.
    (Econ, 2/18/06, p.80)
2006        Gerhard Schroder, former chancellor of Germany, authored his memoir “Decisions: My Life in Politics."
    (Econ, 10/21/06, p.60)

2006        Germany passed legislation enabling parents to enjoy 14 months of taxpayer funded leave (Elterngeld) following the birth of children. It became effective on Jan 1, 2007.
    (Econ, 7/23/11, p.63)
2006        In Germany a person known to the press as “the informant" offered to sell a DVD stolen from LGT group, a firm owned by Liechtenstein’s ruling dynasty to Germany’s foreign intelligence service.. In 2002 Heinrich Kieber, an employee of Liechtenstein’s LGT Treuhand AG, had ended his services with the company and stolen confidential data on thousands of customers and beneficiaries. He was convicted of fraud and theft in 2004 and sentenced to 3 years probation. German authorities later confirmed the purchase of Liechtenstein banking data from an informant for some $6.2 million.
    (WSJ, 2/25/08, p.A6)(Econ, 2/23/08, p.70)
2006        Heros, a major German cash transport firm, went bankrupt. Karl-Heinz Weis, the founder and chief executive, later admitted that he and his colleagues had begun pilfering client money in the 1990s to fill gaps and shortfalls in the daily delivery of cash.
    (Econ, 2/10/07, p.81)
2006        Germany numbered some 82 million people and stood as the world’s 3rd largest economy. Its defense spending stood at 1.4% of GDP.
    (Econ, 10/28/06, p.61)(Econ, 11/18/06, p.27)

2007        Jan 1, In Germany a government plan to encourage working couples to have children went into effect with benefits worth up to 25,200 euros (17,000 pounds).
    (AP, 1/2/07)

2007        Jan 8, In Germany Mounir el Motassadeq, a Moroccan man convicted of aiding three of the four suicide pilots who committed the Sept. 11 attacks, was sentenced to the maximum of 15 years in prison for his role in the terror plot.
    (AP, 1/8/07)

2007        Jan 16, The European Parliament elected German conservative Hans-Gert Poettering as president of the chamber to replace outgoing Spanish Socialist Josep Borrell.
    (AFP, 1/16/07)

2007        Jan 21, German Chancellor Angela Merkel met with Pres. Vladimir Putin in the Black Sea resort of Sochi for talks set to focus on securing guarantees for energy supplies to the EU. Putin promised to smooth energy flow to Europe.
    (AP, 1/21/07)(WSJ, 1/22/07, p.A1)

2007        Jan 22, Scientists warned that glaciers will all but disappear from the Alps by 2050, and that most would be gone by 2037.
    (SFC, 1/23/07, p.A4)

2007        Jan 26, In Germany Peter Hartz, Volkswagen human resources executive, was fined $750,000 and given a 2-year suspended sentence after he pleaded guilty to funding an account that provided special travel perks for employees.

2007        Jan 30, Thousands of German workers took part in protests against a government plan to raise the retirement age to 67.
    (AP, 1/30/07)

2007        Feb 5, In northern Germany 3 men and 3 women were found shot dead in a Chinese restaurant in the early hours in Sittensen. A 7th person died a day later. German police soon arrested two Vietnamese men in connection with the killings.
    (AFP, 2/5/07)(AP, 2/6/07)(AP, 2/7/07)

2007        Feb 10, Russian President Vladimir Putin, while visiting Munich for a security conference, warned that the increased use of military force by the US is creating a new arms race, with smaller nations turning toward developing nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 2/10/07)(WSJ, 2/12/07, p.A1)

2007        Feb 14, German-US auto giant DaimlerChrysler said it planned to axe 13,000 jobs at its loss-making Chrysler subsidiary as part of a broad restructuring plan aimed at returning the US unit to profitability by 2009. The bulk of the job losses will affect union workers, with 9,000 hourly jobs eliminated in the United States and 2,000 in Canada.
    (AP, 2/14/07)

2007        Feb 14, Deutsche Boerse, operator of the Frankfurt stock exchange, said it has agreed to buy five percent of the Mumbai stock exchange for 42.7 million dollars (32.8 million euros).
    (AFP, 2/14/07)

2007        Feb 15, In Germany Ernst Zundel (b.1939), a far-right activist, was convicted of incitement and sentenced to the maximum five years in prison for anti-Semitic activities, including contributing to a Web site dedicated to Holocaust denial.
    (AP, 2/15/07)

2007        Feb 22, Lothar-Guenther Buchheim (89), the German author and art collector best known for his 1973 autobiographical novel, "Das Boot," died. In 1981, the book was turned into an acclaimed German film starring Juergen Prochnow that detailed the hopelessness of war and its effect on sailors living in the cramped confines of their submarine.
    (AP, 2/23/07)

2007        Feb 27, DaimlerChrysler AG, seeking to cut costs and boost sales in North America, said it will start selling Chinese-made cars in that market and western Europe as it tries to meet demand for smaller, more economical vehicles.
    (AP, 2/27/07)

2007        Feb 28, European airliner maker Airbus told unions that it would dispose of six factories and switch some work from France to Germany under a plan costing some 10,000 jobs.
    (AP, 2/28/07)

2007        Feb, In Cologne, Germany, Mina Ahadi, an Iranian-born woman, set up Europe’s first Muslim atheist group: The National Council of Ex-Muslims.
    (WSJ, 4/1207, p.A11)

2007        Mar 1, In France, Germany and Spain workers at Airbus revolted against massive cutbacks, planning a strike next week in a warning to the company that its recovery strategy is in for a long, tough haul.
    (AFP, 3/1/07)
2007        Mar 1, The environment ministry in the state of Lower Saxony said a German man had obtained enriched uranium and buried it in his garden, raising concerns about the security of Germany's nuclear reactors.
    (AP, 3/1/07)

2007        Mar 6, Volkswagen's new chief executive Martin Winterkorn has been nominated as chairman of Swedish truck maker Scania in a new phase in the plans for a three-way tie-up with German group MAN. VW is Scania's biggest shareholder with a voting stake of 34 percent and traditionally holds the chair of the Swedish truck maker's supervisory board.
    (AFP, 3/6/07)

2007        Mar 15, The EU said it would put pressure on members of the Southeast Asian regional grouping ASEAN at talks in Germany to urge Myanmar to improve its human rights record.
    (AP, 3/15/07)
2007        Mar 15, It was reported that the Pascha brothel in Cologne, Germany, hopes to capitalize on the growing number of retirees by offering a 50% discount for sex in the afternoon.
    (AP, 3/15/07)

2007        Mar 19, The Airbus A380 made its first flight to North America to show off the superjumbo to potential US buyers and to the airports they hope will be flight bases for the double-decker jet. As a test a day earlier, Frankfurt air show organizers boarded more than 500 people onto the aircraft using two jetways with an impressive time of less than 20 minutes.
    (AP, 3/19/07)

2007        Mar 25, In Germany Brigitte Mohnhaupt (57), a one-time leader Germany's Red Army Faction, was released after a quarter-century in prison for her involvement in some of the radical left-wing group's most notorious murders.
    (AP, 3/25/07)

2007        Mar 27, In Germany a board member of Siemens AG, Europe's biggest electronics and engineering company, was arrested in connection with an investigation of alleged payments to the head of a tiny labor union. A trail against 2 managers had begun on March 13, for use of funds to smooth contracts with Italy’s utility, Enel.
    (AP, 3/27/07)(Econ, 3/17/07, p.71)

2007        Mar 30, A leading German retailer said that it will pay $117.5 million to compensate a Jewish family for real estate that was taken by the Nazis and eventually resold to the firm. The Jewish Claims Conference said it will use an unspecified amount of the money from KarstadtQuelle AG to fund programs for Holocaust victims, and give the rest to heirs of the Wertheim family, which was been seeking compensation for 15 years.
    (AP, 3/30/07)

2007        Apr 1, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert invited Arab leaders to attend a peace conference to discuss their ideas for reaching Mideast peace. The Israeli army sealed off the West Bank ahead of the weeklong Passover holiday, restricting the movement of Palestinians into Israel. In her first Mideast trip as EU president, German Chancellor Angela Merkel offered Europe's help in bringing Israel and the Palestinians back to the negotiating table, trying to build on a new burst of international efforts to restart peace talks.
    (AP, 4/1/07)(AP, 4/2/07)

2007        Apr 1, Hans Filbinger (93), a former governor of Germany's Baden-Wuerttemberg state (1966-1978), died. He had resigned amid revelations about his past as a Nazi-era naval judge.
    (AP, 4/2/07)

2007        Apr 14, A video showing a German army instructor telling one of his soldiers to envision African-Americans in the Bronx while firing his machine gun was broadcast on national television. The Defense Ministry said the video was shot in July 2006 at barracks in the northern town of Rendsburg and that the army has been aware of it since January.
    (AP, 4/14/07)

2007        Apr 20, German Defence Minister Franz Josef Jung arrived in South Korea to discuss the proposed sale of second-hand Patriot missiles and other military issues.
    (AP, 4/20/07)
2007        Apr 20, AIDA, Germany’s largest cruise line, christened the new 2,050 passenger AIDAdiva in the Hamburg harbor.
    (SFC, 4/21/07, p.A5)
2007        Apr 20, It was reported that German researchers had discovered a natural anti-HIV factor. The 20 amino acid peptide chain blocked multiple strains of HIV.
    (SFC, 4/20/07, p.A7)

2007        May 7, More than 1,000 government delegates gathered in Bonn, Germany, to find ways to break gridlock in international negotiations on widening action to slow global warming. The UN urged far tougher action to fight climate change at the 166-nation climate conference.
    (Reuters, 5/7/07)

2007        May 9, Hundreds of German police raided the offices and apartments of left-wing activists suspected of planning to disrupt next month's Group of Eight summit, leading security officials to tighten border controls ahead of the gathering.
    (AP, 5/9/07)

2007        May 11, Germany’s steelmaker ThyssenKrupp AG said it will build a new $4.19 billion steel plant in Alabama. Deutsche Telekom employees began an open-ended strike in protest at restructuring measures at Europe's biggest telecoms operator.
    (AP, 5/11/07)(AFP, 5/11/07)

2007        May 13, German pharmaceutical giant Merck KGaA announced that it had signed an agreement to sell its generic drugs division to the US group Mylan Laboratories for 4.9 billion euros (6.6 billion dollars).
    (AP, 5/13/07)

2007        May 14, German-based DaimlerChrysler said it will sell almost all of money-losing Chrysler to Cerberus, a private equity firm, for $7.4 billion, backing out of a troubled 1998 takeover aimed at creating a global automotive powerhouse. John Snow, former US treasury secretary, served as chairman of Cerberus.
    (AP, 5/14/07)(Econ, 5/19/07, p.67)

2007        May 19, In Germany G8 finance ministers from the world's richest nations sought ways to improve financial management in Africa and were asked to scold China for lending too freely to African countries.
    (AP, 5/19/07)
2007        May 19, In northern Afghanistan a suicide attacker detonated himself next to German soldiers shopping in a crowded market in Kunduz, killing 3 German soldiers and 6 Afghan civilians with 16 people wounded. A district police chief and a bodyguard were killed in a bomb blast in the eastern province of Nangarhar.
    (AFP, 5/19/07)

2007        May 20, In Germany engineering concern Siemens said Peter Loescher, from US pharmaceutical giant Merck, will take over as chief executive from July 1.
    (AP, 5/20/07)

2007        May 25, German lawmakers passed a ban on smoking on public transport and in federal buildings, including the parliament. It still needs approval from the upper house of parliament, where the government also has a majority.
    (AP, 5/25/07)

2007        May 28, Joerg Immendorff (b.1945), German artist, died. He was best known for his “Café Deutschland" series begun in 1978.
    (SFC, 5/29/07, p.B3)

2007        May 29, European and Asian foreign ministers meeting in Germany agreed to set a 2009 deadline to complete negotiations on a new international climate change pact to limit greenhouse gases.
    (AP, 5/29/07)
2007        May 29, In Iraq 5 British men were pulled out of a Finance Ministry office by about 40 heavily armed men in police uniforms in broad daylight and driven in a convoy of 19 four-wheel-drive vehicles toward Sadr City. Management consultant Peter Moore and four of his security guards were seized. In 2008 a Shiite militia that claimed responsibility for the kidnapping said a hostage named Jason had committed suicide on May 25. The bodies of Alec MacLachlan (30), Jason Swindlehurst (38), and Jason Creswell (39) were handed over to British officials in 2009. Moore was released on Dec 30, 2009. The body of Alan McMenemy was returned in early 2012. Two car bombers hit neighborhoods on opposite sides of the Tigris River, killing 40 people and wounding more than 100 others. 3 German computer consultants were kidnapped from an Iraqi Finance Ministry office in Baghdad. Gunmen in Samarra set up fake checkpoints on the outskirts of the city and abducted more than 40 people, most of them soldiers, police officers and members of two tribes that had banded together against local insurgents. Col. Hamid Ibrahim al-Jazaa, a Sunni police chief praised by US forces for clearing his city of insurgents, was arrested following an investigation into alleged murder, corruption and crimes against the Iraqi people. Al-Jazaa, his brother and 14 bodyguards were taken into custody in the city of Hit. One US soldier died of wounds from a roadside bomb attack northwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/29/07)(AP, 5/30/07)(AP, 5/31/07)(AP, 7/20/08)(AP, 7/29/09)(AP, 12/30/09)(AFP, 1/20/12)

2007        May, In Germany 6 former members of cycling Team Telekom confessed to using performance-enhancing drugs.
    (Econ, 6/9/07, p.74)

2007        Jun 2, In Rostock, Germany, masked demonstrators protesting the upcoming G-8 summit meeting hurled stones and flagpoles at police.
    (AP, 6/2/07)

2007        Jun 4, In Germany hundreds of protesters clashed with police ahead of this week's G8 meeting, as anti-globalization activists challenged attempts by security officials to keep them away from the summit town of Heiligendamm. Nearly 1000 officers and protesters were already injured in clashes.
    (AP, 6/4/07)(WSJ, 6/4/07, p.A1)

2007        Jun 6, German police used water cannon to scatter stone-throwing demonstrators as several thousand protesters gathered at a seven-mile fence surrounding the G8 summit meeting involving President Bush and other leaders.
    (AP, 6/6/07)

2007        Jun 7, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel said that the G8 has agreed on a plan calling for "substantial cuts" to greenhouse gas emissions. Riot police used water cannons to turn protesters away from the fence surrounding the Group of Eight summit. G8 leaders reached an agreement on climate change, adopting a statement that says they should "seriously consider" proposals to cut the emissions of greenhouse gases by 50 percent by 2050. Russian President Vladimir Putin, bitterly opposed to a US missile shield in Europe, told President Bush that Moscow would drop its objections if the radar-based system were installed in Azerbaijan.
    (AP, 6/7/07)(AP, 6/7/08)

2007        Jun 8, In Germany the leaders of the G8 met with African leaders on their summit's concluding day, agreeing on a $60 billion package to fight disease in Africa as diplomats worked behind the scenes on a possible deal with Russia over Kosovo's future. The G8 powers called for action against "the perpetrators of atrocities" in Darfur and said it would back UN action against the Sudanese government and rebel groups if the conflict is not ended. President Bush was ill and stayed in his room after meeting privately with French President Nicolas Sarkozy.
    (AP, 6/8/07)(AFP, 6/8/07)
2007        Jun 8, Japan’s Inamori Foundation announced that a California-based earthquake scientist, Japanese chemist and German choreographer have won the $410,000 Kyoto Prize for achievement in the arts and sciences. The basic sciences award went to Hiroo Kanamori of the California Institute of Technology for his research on major earthquakes along the Pacific Rim; Hiroo Inokuchi at the University of Tokyo received the advanced technology award for his work in organic electronics; German choreographer Pina Bausch was awarded the arts and philosophy prize for her pioneering work in developing a new genre of ballet dubbed "Tanztheater," or dance theater.
    (AP, 6/9/07)

2007        Jun 10, The first high-speed rail link between France and Germany began scheduled services, slashing travel times and marking a major step towards a truly pan-European rapid transit network.
    (AP, 6/10/07)

2007        Jun 12, Germany wrapped up one aspect of its Nazi past by shutting down a forced labor fund that paid out more than 4.37 billion euros to 1.7 million elderly victims of the Hitler era around the world.
    (AP, 6/12/07)

2007        Jun 18, In eastern Germany a bus veered off a highway and fell into a roadside ditch, killing 13 people and injuring about 30.
    (AP, 6/18/07)

2007        Jun 21, Talks in Germany between the US, EU, India and Brazil to save the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) Doha round of free trade negotiations collapsed.
    (Reuters, 6/21/07)

2007        Jun 26, German authorities said a tax official, who stole more than $230,000 from the state by inventing taxpayers and claiming money owed to them, has been handed a jail sentence of three years and three months.
    (AP, 6/26/07)

2007        Jun 29, Germany and Denmark agreed to build an 11-mile bridge spanning the waters between the two nations and cut travel times between Scandinavia and central Europe.
    (AP, 6/29/07)
2007        Jun 29, A German court convicted nurse Irene Becker (54) of murdering five patients at a top Berlin hospital with overdoses of medication, sentencing her to life in prison. Becker had argued she'd wanted to ease the suffering of some of the patients.
    (AP, 6/29/07)

2007        Jul 2, Count Gottfried von Bismarck (44), whose life of privileged excess as a descendant of Germany's "Iron Chancellor" was clouded by two deaths at his decadent parties, was found dead at his $10 million apartment in London's Chelsea district.
    (AP, 7/4/07)

2007        Jul 3, In Germany striking train drivers brought parts of the rail network to a standstill, backing their demands for a large pay increase with a walkout that affected tens of thousands of commuters.
    (AP, 7/3/07)

2007        Jul 7, German scientists said a genetically engineered herpes virus, designed to kill cancer cells but leave normal tissue unharmed, has shown early promise in clinical tests.
    (Reuters, 7/7/07)

2007        Jul 12, South Africa banned the import of poultry products from Germany after an outbreak of the potentially fatal H5N1 strain of bird flu.
    (AFP, 7/12/07)

2007        Jul 16, A group representing thousands of children of Holocaust survivors filed a class-action lawsuit against the German government, demanding that Germany pay for their psychiatric care.
    (AP, 7/16/07)

2007        Jul 21, A purported Taliban spokesman said the militia killed two German hostages because Germany didn't announce a troop withdrawal. The Afghan government, however, said one of the Germans died of a heart attack and that the second was still alive. Ruediger Diedrich, one of two Germans kidnapped in southern Afghanistan on July 18, was found dead. Germany has 3,000 soldiers in NATO's International Security Assistance Force.
    (AP, 7/21/07)(AP, 7/21/08)

2007        Jul 26, Germany's Identity Foundation said leading Indian economist and Nobel laureate Amartya Sen (73) will be awarded the Meister Eckhart prize for his work on human development theory.
    (AFP, 7/26/07)

2007        Aug 15, In Germany 6 Italian men were fatally shot in the head in the western city of Duisburg, an execution-style killing that Italy's interior minister said appeared to be a feud between two Italian organized crime clans. On March 12, 2009, Dutch police arrested Giovanni Strangio (30), an Italian man wanted for the killings in Duisburg.
    (AP, 8/15/07)(AP, 3/13/09)
2007        Aug 15, In Afghanistan US led ground troops and airstrikes targeted "hundreds of foreign fighters" dug into positions in the Tora Bora region of eastern Nangarhar province. 2 German police officers and a German foreign ministry employee were killed in Kabul, in a bomb attack claimed by the Taliban.
    (AP, 8/15/07)

2007        Aug 18, In Germany 2 Africans were attacked by right-wing extremists in Mainz, the same night as a brutal mob assault on eight Indians in the country's former communist east.
    (AFP, 8/25/07)

2007        Aug 25, A German federal lab confirmed that tests have found that birds at a poultry farm in southern Germany died of the H5N1 strain of bird flu, and some 160,000 birds were being slaughtered as a precaution.
    (AP, 8/26/07)
2007        Aug 25, In Germany more than 1 million revelers, many scantily dressed, danced their way through the streets of Essen to sound of whistles blowing and techno music for the Love Parade's debut in its new home, western Germany's industrial Ruhr region.
    (AP, 8/25/07)

2007        Sep 4, In Germany 3 suspected Islamic terrorists from an al-Qaida-influenced group nursing "profound hatred of U.S. citizens" were arrested on suspicious of plotting imminent, massive bomb attacks on US facilities in Germany. In 2008 Fritz Martin Gelowicz (29), Daniel Martin Schneider (22) and Adem Yilmaz (29) were charged with membership in a terrorist organization. In 2016 Gelowicz was released from prison after serving two-thirds of a twelve year sentence.
    (AP, 9/5/07)(SFC, 9/3/08, p.A8)(AP, 8/17/16)

2007        Sep 5, German officials announced that three militants from an Islamic group linked to al-Qaida were planning "imminent" bomb attacks against Americans in Germany when an elite anti-terrorist unit raided their small-town hideout.
    (AP, 9/5/08)

2007        Sep 6, German police hunted for about a dozen people suspected of plotting massive bomb attacks against Americans in a plot whose discovery fanned debate over increasing official surveillance powers.
    (AP, 9/6/07)

2007        Sep 9, Volkswagen announced the Up! At the Frankfurt Motor Show. The 6,000 euro ($8,300) is a small car intended for emerging markets.
    (Econ, 9/15/07, p.78)

2007        Sep 11, A militant group called Islamic Jihad Union claimed responsibility for foiled bombings that targeted Ramstein US Air Base as well as US and Uzbek consulates in Germany.
    (AP, 9/11/08)

2007        Sep 17, German police arrested Augustin Ngirabatware, a former Rwandan minister, wanted by the International Tribunal on genocide charges related to Rwanda’s 1994 conflict. He was charged with genocide and crimes against humanity in October 2008 and pleaded not guilty. In 2009 prosecutor Wallace Kapaya said he has proof Ngirabatware stole money donated by the World Bank and IMF as well as cash from lenders including Austria, Switzerland, Germany, the US, Belgium and Canada to buy weapons and transport for the extremist Hutu militia known as the Interahamwe. Ngirabatware is the son-in-law of Felician Kabuga, Rwanda's most wanted genocide suspect.
    (AP, 9/20/07)(AP, 9/23/09)

2007        Sep 19, Gabriele Pauli (50), Bavaria's most glamorous politician, shocked the Catholic state in Germany by suggesting marriage should last just 7 years. She said after that time, couples should either agree to extend their marriage or it should be automatically dissolved.
    (Reuters, 9/20/07)

2007        Sep 20, German low-cost carrier Air Berlin said it would buy the carrier Condor from travel giant Thomas Cook, after swallowing two national rivals in less than a year.
    (AP, 9/20/07)
2007        Sep 20, Estonia decided it will not allow a German-Russian consortium to conduct a survey of its exclusive economic zone in the Baltic Sea for a planned underwater gas pipeline.
    (AP, 9/20/07)

2007        Sep 30, Haile Gebrselassie of Ethiopia broke the world record in winning the Berlin Marathon in two hours, four minutes and 26 seconds.
    (AP, 9/30/07)

2007        Oct 3, German Chancellor Angela Merkel arrived in Ethiopia overnight at the start of a tour of African countries that will also take in South Africa and Liberia.
    (AFP, 10/3/07)

2007        Oct 4, Siemens, one of the world’s biggest electrical engineering firms, accepted a $285 million fine imposed by a court in Munich for bribery by its communications division. CEO Peter Loscher announced a re-organization that included reducing its 9 divisions to three and downsizing the 11-man executive board. The ruling named officials in Nigeria, Libya and Russia as recipients of 77 bribes totaling some $17.5 million.
    (Econ, 10/13/07, p.70)(WSJ, 11/16/07, p.A1)   

2007        Oct 5, Walter Kempowski (b.1929), German writer, died. His work included “Echo Soundings," ten volumes of eyewitness accounts of the second world war.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Kempowski)(Econ, 11/14/15, p.86)

2007        Oct 9, Two European scientists won the 2007 Nobel Prize in physics for a discovery that lets computers, iPods and other digital devices store reams of data on ever-shrinking hard disks. France's Albert Fert and German Peter Gruenberg independently described giant magnetoresistance in 1988, then saw the electronics industry apply it in disks with incredible amounts of storage.
    (AP, 10/9/07)

2007        Oct 10, Gerhard Ertl of Germany won the 2007 Nobel Prize in chemistry for studies of chemical reactions on solid surfaces, which are key to understanding questions like how pollution eats away at the ozone layer.
    (AP, 10/10/07)
2007        Oct 10, Rudolf Blechschmidt, a German engineer, and four Afghans taken hostage on July 18 were freed in exchange for six Taliban fighters. Wardak province district chief Mohammad Nahim later changed his statement saying five imprisoned criminals had been freed. NATO-led and Afghan troops clashed overnight with Taliban fighters in southern Afghanistan, leaving eight suspected militants dead and three detained.
    (AP, 10/10/07)

2007        Oct 12, Half of Germany's commuter and regional trains were brought to a standstill by a train drivers' pay strike that caused chaos in many major cities.
    (AP, 10/12/07)

2007        Oct 15,     In Germany Pres. Putin held talks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel on the sidelines of a German-Russian political conference called the Petersburg Dialogue.
    (AFP, 10/15/07)

2007        Oct 19,     A team of students from Germany's Technische Universitat Darmstadt won a weeklong competition on the Washington DC National Mall for the best, most efficient, and well-designed and -engineered solar home.
    (AP, 10/19/07)

2007        Oct 30, German Chancellor Angela Merkel met India's leadership at the start of a state visit aimed at boosting trade and security links.
    (AP, 10/30/07)

2007        Nov 3, German Chancellor Angela Merkel made her first visit to Afghanistan and said Berlin would increase efforts to strengthen the Afghan police.
    (AP, 11/3/07)

2007        Nov 6, Central bankers past and present warned of more credit pain to come as Germany's Commerzbank and a big American lender became the latest to reveal losses from U.S. subprime mortgage lending.
    (AP, 11/6/07)

2007        Nov 8, German authorities said bank manager in Tuebingen gave loans to a woman for sex and then embezzled thousands of euros to buy the silence of her relatives. In total the man diverted some 520,000 euros (362,033 pounds) from clients' accounts, of which he gave about 70,000 euros to the woman, and kept 40,000 euros for himself.
    (Reuters, 11/8/07)

2007        Nov 10, German train drivers ended the country's longest freight train strike, but the labor dispute is set to continue next week.
    (AFP, 11/10/07)

2007        Nov 14, German train drivers began a new 62-hour strike on freight services that industry and the government fear could have a dramatic impact on Europe's biggest economy.
    (AP, 11/14/07)

2007        Nov 18, German prosecutors filed terrorism charges against a Moroccan man, identified as Abdelali M. (25), was accused of helping recruit foreign fighters for al-Qaida in Iraq. He was arrested in Sweden in March and handed over to Germany in May.
    (AP, 12/20/07)

2007        Nov 28, Nazi documents stored in a vast warehouse in Germany were unsealed, opening a rich resource for Holocaust historians and for survivors to delve into their own tormented past. Inquiries were handled by the archive's 400 staff members in the German spa town of Bad Arolsen.
    (AP, 11/28/07)

2007        Nov 29, Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel surrendered to demands by the Social Democrats, a junior partner in the grand coalition, for a minimum wage for postal workers.
    (Econ, 12/8/07, p.60)

2007        Dec 1, At the 20th annual European Film Awards in Berlin Romanian director Cristian Mungiu's "4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days" won the best film prize.
    (AP, 12/1/07)

2007        Dec 5, In Germany 3 men were convicted of aiding the al-Qaida in Germany, including one who prosecutors say was part of the terrorist network's command structure and had contact with top leaders.
    (AP, 12/5/07)
2007        Dec 5, In Darry, Germany, the bodies of 5 young boys, ages 3 to 9, were found in their home after their 31-year-old mother told a doctor where they were. Authorities in eastern Germany announced they had found the bodies of three infant girls and had taken their mother into custody on manslaughter charges.
    (AP, 12/6/07)
2007        Dec 5, Karlheinz Stockhausen (b.1928), German avant-garde composer, died. His innovative electronic works made him one of the most important composers of the postwar era. His work included “Kontakte" (1959-60) and “Stimmung" (1968), a sextet for unaccompanied voices on a 6-note chord of B-flat.
    (AP, 12/8/07)(Econ, 12/15/07, p.95)

2007        Dec 7, Germany's top security officials said they consider the goals of the US-based Church of Scientology to be in conflict with the principles of the nation's constitution and will seek to ban the group.
    (AP, 12/7/07)

2007        Dec 8, In Spain German Chancellor Angela Merkel challenged European and African leaders to confront human rights abuses in Zimbabwe, putting the country's president Robert Mugabe in the spotlight at an EU-Africa summit.
    (AP, 12/8/07)

2007        Dec 13, Lufthansa AG said it is paying $300 million for a 19% stake in JetBlue Airways.
    (SFC, 12/14/07, p.D3)

2007        Dec 14, It was reported that German AIDS researchers have discovered a protein common in semen that boosts the infectious potential of HIV 100,000-fold.
    (SFC, 12/14/07, p.A1)
2007        Dec 14, Britain’s Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) confirmed a new case of the livestock disease bluetongue in a  cow imported from Germany, two months after an earlier outbreak was said to have been contained.
    (AFP, 12/14/07)

2007        Dec 16, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb blast killed two Afghan civilians and wounded five others, while a clash in the south left four Taliban dead. Harald Kleber (42) a German national locally known by his Muslim name, Abdul Rahman, was kidnapped in heart province. The next day German authorities said Kleber was wanted in Germany for fraud.
    (AP, 12/16/07)(AFP, 12/17/07)(AFP, 12/18/07)

2007        Dec 24, The head of a special unit said on German radio prosecutors are investigating 12,000 suspects in a child pornography network, the largest ever found in Germany.
    (AP, 12/24/07)

2007        Dan Hough authored “The Left Party in Contemporary German Politics."
    (Econ, 10/13/07, p.57)

2007        Researchers from Karlsruhe's Natural History Museum found a 3-millimetre-long (0.118 inch) ant in the Amazon rainforest and dated its origin back to about 120Mil BC, making it the oldest still inhabiting the earth.
    (Reuters, 9/16/08)

2008        Jan 1, Smokers took to lighting up on the sidewalks as a ban took effect across France , Germany and Lithuania, the latest European countries to say "no smoking." Across France smokers took advantage of a one-day grace period and savored their last cigarettes over morning coffee in cafes as a ban against lighting up in bars and restaurants took effect.
    (AP, 1/1/08)(AFP, 1/1/08)

2008        Jan 15, Finland's Nokia, the top global mobile phone manufacturer, said that it planned to close a factory in Germany by mid-year which employs 2,300 workers.
    (AFP, 1/15/08)

2008        Jan 17, In Germany officials said a troubled teen (16) is spending nine months in remote Siberia as part of efforts to turn him away from violence. "If he doesn't hack wood, his place is cold. If he doesn't get water, he can't wash."
    (AP, 1/17/08)

2008        Jan 22, The foreign ministers of China and Germany said that ties between their countries had normalized after months of stony silence over Berlin receiving the Dalai Lama.
    (AP, 1/22/08)

2008        Jan 24, A German court convicted Redouane El Habhab (38), a German of Moroccan heritage, of helping al-Qaida in Iraq and sentenced him to nearly six years in prison.
    (AP, 1/25/08)

2008        Feb 3, In southwest Germany an apartment building fire killed at least nine people, five of them children, and left 20 people hospitalized in Ludwigshafen.
    (AP, 2/4/08)

2008        Feb 20, German Chancellor Angela Merkel attacked Liechtenstein’s traditional banking secrecy and demanded a US-style deal giving Berlin insight into German investments in the Alpine tax haven.
    (AP, 2/20/08)

2008        Feb 22, The German finance ministry threatened to tax all financial transfers to Liechtenstein unless the Alpine principality relaxed its banking secrecy codes and helped trace tax evaders.
    (AFP, 2/22/08)

2008        Feb 27, Germany's highest court found that government surveillance of personal computers violates the individual right to privacy. German investigators said this will restrict their ability to pursue terrorists.
    (AP, 2/27/08)
2008        Feb 27, The German luxury carmaker BMW said that a restructuring plan aimed at boosting profitability would see the overall elimination of 8,100 jobs worldwide.
    (AP, 2/27/08)

2008        Mar 1, A violent storm plagued parts of Europe and deaths rose to 10 after two people in Poland were killed by falling objects because of hurricane-strength winds. Germany reported 2 deaths, the Czech Rep. 2 deaths and 4 more in Austria.
    (AP, 3/2/08)

2008        Mar 5, In Germany scores of flights were canceled as hundreds of airport workers walked off the job at several airports, part of a wider labor action to win higher pay for public service workers.
    (AP, 3/5/08)

2008        Mar 13, Volkswagen, the biggest European car maker, vowed to become "the best auto manufacturer in the world" and welcomed a looming takeover by luxury sports car maker Porsche.
    (AFP, 3/13/08)

2008        Mar 16, German Chancellor Angela Merkel acknowledged her country's "historical responsibility" to Israel as she opened a three-day visit marking the 60th anniversary of the Jewish state.
    (AP, 3/16/08)

2008        Mar 18, In Israel Angela Merkel, chancellor of Germany, addressed Israel’s parliament and condemned the rocket attacks from Gaza.
    (Econ, 3/22/08, p.59)

2008        Mar 28, In Chile 5 youths, aged 14-20, attacked 9 German soldiers and took them hostage in the port city of Iquique. One soldier escaped and police quickly surrounded the house and arrested four suspects after a shootout.
    (AP, 3/29/08)

2008        Apr 2, Newspapers reported that Egypt has ordered the seizure of the March 25 special edition of the German news magazine Der Spiegel after it was deemed to be insulting to Islam and the Prophet Mohammed.
    (AFP, 4/2/08)

2008        Apr 10, Berlin police found a body that is probably that of Anna Mikhalchuk (52), a missing Russian artist, who had been condemned by the Orthodox Church for an exhibit in her homeland. The death was an apparent suicide.
    (AP, 4/11/08)

2008        Apr 14, German Chancellor Angela Merkel arrived in Dublin to discuss a European Union reform treaty that still bemuses most Irish voters ahead of a June referendum that will determine the pact's fate.
    (Reuters, 4/14/08)

2008        Apr 23, German publisher Bertelsmann said it planned to publish the world's first reference book based on entries from Wikipedia, the popular online encyclopedia. The single volume, 992-page tome would contain about 50,000 condensed entries and sell for about $31.80.
    (AP, 4/23/08)(SFC, 4/24/08, p.C1)

2008        May 24, Deutsche Telekom acknowledged that in 2005 it had hired an outside firm to track hundreds of thousands of phone calls by senior executives and journalists to identify the sources of press leaks. The practice continued into 2006.
    (AP, 5/26/08)(Econ, 6/7/08, p.65)

2008        May 26, Germany turned red as unusual weather brought iron-rich dust from Africa to Europe.
    (Econ, 1/8/11, p.79)

2008        May 27, Germany unveiled a memorial to the Nazis' long-ignored gay victims, a monument that also aims to address ongoing discrimination by confronting visitors with an image of a same-sex couple kissing.
    (AP, 5/27/08)

2008        May 31, A former Deutsche Telekom security chief  said the national phone company spied on its staff for years to see who had unauthorized contacts with journalists.
    (AP, 5/31/08)

2008        Jun 1, German researchers reported that the development of a blood-based genetic test for predicting  lung cancer among smokers with 80% accuracy.
    (WSJ, 6/2/08, p.B4)

2008        Jun 2, In Germany Some 2,000 delegates from 162 countries and dozens of specialist agencies opened a two-week conference to start tackling the details of a new global warming agreement slated to take effect after 2012.
    (AP, 6/2/08)

2008        Jun 23, Somali gunmen reportedly seized 4 Europeans from a yacht off the Gulf of Aden and took to Puntland, a semiautonomous region of northern Somalia. They demanded $1 million for the release of a German couple, their young son and a French boat captain. German officials subsequently said no child was kidnapped. The German couple was released on August 8 following a $1 million ransom.
    (AP, 6/26/08)(AP, 8/9/08)

2008        Jun 24, Countries at a one-day conference in Berlin agreed to commit more than $240 million to help strengthen the Palestinian Authority's police force and court system. The funding being sought was for the Palestinian Authority-controlled West Bank, which does not control the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 6/24/08)

2008        Jun 29, In Germany Bettina Schardt (79) committed suicide using a formula of antimalarial drugs tranquilizers provided by Dr. Roger Kusch. She did not want to move into a nursing home and asked Mr. Kusch for a way out.

2008        Jul 1, Munich-based Giesecke & Devrient, caved in to pressure from the German government to stop supplying Zimbabwe with special blank paper money. Zimbabwe required new notes every few weeks as the inflation rate pushed well over one million percent.
    (WSJ, 7/2/08, p.A1)

2008        Jul 2, Deutsche Bank acquired the Dutch corporate banking arm of ABN AMRO from Fortis, a Benelux bank, for $1.1 billion in cash.
    (Econ, 7/12/08, p.83)

2008        Jul 3, Lydia Lassen-Berge (69), a former prostitute dubbed the "Black Widow" by the German press, was sentenced to life in prison for the murder of four wealthy but frail elderly male companions. Siegmund Schlufter (53), her accomplice, was sentenced to 12 years in jail for carrying out the killings.
    (AFP, 7/3/08)

2008        Jul 7, Germany’s Fresenius SE said it has agreed to buy US generic drug maker APP Pharmaceuticals for $3.7 billion in cash in a deal that will give the health care company more opportunities in the North American market for drugs administered intravenously.
    (AP, 7/7/08)

2008        Jul 8, Industrial conglomerate Siemens AG said it will cut 16,750 jobs, or 4.2 percent of its global work force, to streamline operations and slice nearly $2 billion in costs in the face of a slowing economy.
    (AP, 7/8/08)
2008        Jul 8, A German cargo ship held captive for 41 days off the coast of Somalia was released and all aboard were safe and unharmed. A Somali official said the pirates received a ransom of $750,000. The Lehmann Timber was one of two ships hijacked on May 30 off the Horn of Africa.
    (AP, 7/9/08)

2008        Jul 9, German investigators carried out raids on 600 homes in Austria, Switzerland and Germany seeking chemicals used to produce an illicit date-rape drug.
    (AP, 7/9/08)
2008        Jul 9, In Istanbul, Turkey, men armed with pistols and shotguns attacked a police guard post outside the US consulate, sparking a gunbattle that left 3 attackers and 3 officers dead. In eastern Turkey, a local governor said Kurdish guerrillas have kidnapped three German tourists on a climbing expedition.
    (AP, 7/9/08)(Reuters, 7/9/08)

2008        Jul 15, Volkswagen announced that it would build a $1 billion car plant in Chattanooga, Tenn., and expected to open it as soon as 2011.
    (WSJ, 7/30/08, p.C10)(www.youtube.com/watch?v=IiFdSOp19gU)

2008        Jul 17, Algeria and Germany wound up two days of talks in Algiers with a call for more economic cooperation between the two countries.
    (AP, 7/17/08)

2008        Jul 19, In Germany more than 1.5 million revelers danced through the streets of Dortmund at the annual Love Parade techno music festival.
    (AP, 7/19/08)

2008        Jul 22, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki met with German Chancellor Angela Merkel for talks aimed at strengthening economic ties between the two countries.
    (AP, 7/22/08)

2008        Jul 24, In Germany US presidential candidate Barack Obama and German Chancellor Angela Merkel discussed the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan as well as climate and energy issues at Germany's chancellery. Obama stood before an enormous crowd in Berlin and summoned Europeans and Americans to work together to "defeat terror and dry up the well of extremism that supports it."
    (AP, 7/24/08)

2008        Jul 25, German semi-conductor group Infineon posted a sharp quarterly loss and announced the loss of 3,000 jobs.
    (AP, 7/25/08)

2008        Jul 30, Germany's highest court partially overturned bans on smoking in bars, ruling that states must either ban smoking in all restaurants and pubs or offer exceptions for single-room establishments.
    (AP, 7/30/08)

2008        Aug 1, A German farmer who lost both his arms in an accident was successfully fitted with two new limbs in what is believed to be the first complete double arm transplant.
    (AP, 8/1/08)

2008        Aug 21, Armed pirates hijacked a Japanese chemical tanker with 19 crew, an Iranian bulk carrier with 29 crew, and a German cargo ship with a crew of 9 off Somalia's coast.
    (AP, 8/21/08)(AP, 8/22/08)

2008        Aug 27, In Afghanistan a German soldier was killed and another three injured in a roadside bomb attack in Kunduz province. Germany counted some 3,300 soldiers as part of the international force in Afghanistan. US-led coalition troops clashed and called in airstrikes against militants in Kunduz province, killing more than a dozen insurgents. In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a US coalition soldier on a patrol. In the Nad Ali area of Helmand province, a fight between police and militants killed 14 insurgents. More than a dozen militants were killed after they attacked a coalition base in Shaheed Hasas district of the southern Uruzgan province. Two Afghan guards also died during the attack. About a dozen militants were killed during a raid by coalition troops in eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 8/27/08)(AP, 8/28/08)(AP, 8/30/08)

2008        Aug 31, Allianz, a Germany-based insurer, sold Dresdner, a German bank, to Commerzbank for $14.2 billion.
    (Econ, 9/6/08, p.88)

2008        Sep 3, Swiss prosecutors said police have broken up an Internet child pornography ring operating in at least four European countries where men exchanged details about their contacts with young girls. In all investigators said they had identified 600 people in Germany, 40 in Austria, 13 in Switzerland and four in Liechtenstein using the forum.
    (AP, 9/3/08)

2008        Sep 4, German ministers agreed to update data protection laws for the digital age in the wake of scandals showing how easily personal details can be bought on the Internet.
    (AFP, 9/4/08)

2008        Sep 17, A German court convicted 3 Turkish men of siphoning $25 million from the Deniz Feneri charity, which raised fund to ostensibly help needy Muslims.
    (Econ, 9/20/08, p.69)

2008        Sep 20, German police cancelled an anti-Islamic congress planned for today in Cologne after leftist opponents of the rally clashed with its right-wing backers.
    (AP, 9/20/08)

2008        Sep 28, In Germany Haile Gebrselassie of Ethiopia broke the marathon world record for the second straight year, becoming the first man to run the distance in under two hours and four minutes. He clocked 2:03.59 in winning his third straight Berlin Marathon, breaking the mark of 2:04.26 he set last year over the same flat course.
    (AP, 9/28/08)

2008        Sep 29, Britain seized control of mortgage lender Bradford & Bingley. Germany organized a credit lifeline for blue-chip commercial real estate lender Hypo Real Estate Holding AG, while Iceland's government took over Glitnir bank, the country's third largest.
    (AP, 9/29/08)

2008        Oct 4, The leaders of Britain, France, Germany and Italy began meeting in Paris at a summit on the world financial crisis threatening banks, growth and jobs across the continent. They vowed to do all they could to prevent Wall Street's turmoil from destabilizing their banking systems. Germany's No. 2 commercial property lender, Hypo Real Estate Holding AG, said its $48 billion rescue plan had unraveled when private banks pulled out.
    (AP, 10/5/08)

2008        Oct 5, Germany joined Ireland and Greece in guaranteeing all private bank accounts, putting Europe's biggest economy at odds with calls for a unified European response to the global financial meltdown.
    (AP, 10/5/08)

2008        Oct 6, Three European scientists shared the 2008 Nobel Prize in medicine for separate discoveries of viruses that cause AIDS and cervical cancer, breakthroughs that helped doctors fight the deadly diseases. French researchers Francoise Barre-Sinoussi and Luc Montagnier (1932-2022) were cited for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV; while Germany's Harald zur Hausen was honored for finding human papilloma viruses that cause cervical cancer.
    (AP, 10/6/08)(SSFC, 2/13/22, p.F10)

2008        Oct 7, Chancellor Angela Merkel's Cabinet voted to extend Germany's military mission in Afghanistan for 14 more months.
    (AP, 10/7/08)
2008        Oct 7, Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) and Advanced Technology Investment, a recently formed investment firm owned by the government of Abu Dhabi, said they will become joint owners of a new company that will take over AMD’s factories in Germany.
    (WSJ, 10/8/08, p.B3)

2008        Oct 21, Italy's Court of Cassation ordered Berlin to pay a total of euro1 million (US$1.3 million) to nine family members of victims of a June 1944 massacre. The next day Germany rejected the ruling by Italy's top criminal court.
    (AP, 10/22/08)

2008        Oct 29, In Germany Viswanathan Anand of India retained his world chess title by drawing with the white pieces against Russian challenger Vladimir Kramnik.
    (AP, 10/30/08)

2008        Oct 30, In Germany the last flight lifted off from Berlin's Tempelhof Airport, bringing an end to an era of aviation that spanned World War II, the Cold War and the rebirth of the German capital. The grounds reopened in 2010 as a public park.
    (AP, 10/30/08)(SSFC, 12/16/12, p.P6)

2008        Nov 4, In Germany a tour bus returning from a day trip to a farm caught fire on a highway near the northern city of Hannover, killing 20 people. A cigarette was suspected but it may also have been caused by a spark from the undercarriage.

2008        Nov 5, Germany’s cabinet approved measures to boost the economy that will cost around €23 billion ($29.9) over the next 4 years.
    (WSJ, 11/6/08, p.A15)

2008        Nov 7, Klaus Zumwinkel, former head of Deutsche Post, was charged with tax evasion. He had stepped down from his post in February following a raid on his home in Cologne.
    (Econ, 11/15/08, p.77)

2008        Nov 9, Rose Kabuye, Rwanda Pres. Kagame's chief of protocol, was arrested at Frankfurt airport on an international warrant issued in 2006 by French anti-terrorism judge Jean-Louis Bruguiere.
    (AFP, 11/10/08)

2008        Nov 10, Deutsche Post AG said it will close all of its DHL Express service centers, cut 9,500 jobs in the United States and eliminate US-only domestic express shipping by land and air, citing heavy losses and fierce competition.
    (AP, 11/10/08)

2008        Nov 11, Rwanda expelled the German ambassador and Pres. Kagame declared that Germany violated his country's sovereignty when it arrested one of his aides in connection with an attack that set off Rwanda's 1994 genocide.
    (AP, 11/11/08)

2008        Nov 12, Germany's biggest industrial union secured a 4.2 percent pay rise over 18 months for the nation's manufacturing workers in a deal that averted an all-out strike.
    (AP, 11/12/08)
2008        Nov 12, In Germany Dr. Gero Huetter said his 42-year-old patient, an American living in Berlin who was not identified, had been infected with the AIDS virus for more than a decade. But 20 months after undergoing a transplant of genetically selected bone marrow, he no longer shows signs of carrying the virus.
    (AP, 11/13/08)

2008        Nov 13, The 38th Chess Olympiad started in Dresden, Germany. It included 146 teams in the open division, often referred to as the men's division although it includes a few women. The separate women's division included 111 teams.
    (AP, 11/19/08)

2008        Nov 19, Germany extradited to France Rose Kabuye (47), chief of protocol to Rwandan President Paul Kagame, over an assassination triggering the 1994 genocide, amid mass anti-European protests in Kigali. Some European investigators feared that Kabuye deliberately delivered herself to German authorities so her lawyers could gain access to the case files prepared against her and other Kagame allies.
    (AFP, 11/19/08)
2008        Nov 19, Germany chemical company BASF SE said it is temporarily closing 80 plants worldwide due to slumping demand and cutting production at 100 more, including facilities in Texas and Louisiana. Some 20,000 workers are affected.
    (AP, 11/19/08)

2008        Nov 21, German security officials said they are dropping the pursuit of a ban on Scientology after finding insufficient evidence of illegal activity.
    (AP, 11/22/08)

2008        Nov 25 Armenia won its second straight gold medal at the Chess Olympiad in Germany by defeating China 2.5-1.5 in the 11th and final round.
    (AP, 11/26/08)

2008        Nov 27, Germany's defense minister laid the foundation stone for the first national memorial in Berlin, designed by German architect Andreas Meck, to soldiers killed serving in the country's post-World War II military.
    (AP, 11/27/08)

2008        Dec 1, In Germany Monika Halbe (44) was sentenced to four years and three months in prison for killing the children born in 1988 and 2003 by suffocation or neglect. The case of a third infant killed in 1986 and stored with the other two was not prosecuted because the statute of limitations had expired.
    (AP, 12/1/08)

2008        Dec 13, The Indian navy captured 23 pirates who threatened a merchant vessel in the lawless waters of the Gulf of Aden, where dozens of ships have come under attack by gunmen in recent months. The pirates were from Somalia and Yemen. A German helicopter thwarted another attack on a freighter being chased by speed boats off Yemen.
    (AP, 12/13/08)(SSFC, 12/14/08, p.A20)

2008        Dec 14, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel met with German ministers, business executives and labor leaders to chart a course through the financial crisis.
    (AP, 12/14/08)

2008        Dec 15, Siemens pleaded guilty to charges of bribery and corruption and agreed to pay fines of $800 million in America and $540 million in Germany, on top of an earlier €201 million. For over 6 years Siemens had paid foreign officials some $805 million to win contracts. By 2015 Siemens paid had some $3 billion on fines and internal investigations.
    (Econ, 12/20/08, p.112)(Econ, 5/9/15, p.14)
2008        Dec 15, In southern Yemen tribesmen kidnapped a German aid worker and her parents, demanding the government release imprisoned clan members.
    (AP, 12/15/08)

2008        Dec 23, Germany filed suit at the World Court asking Italy to stop its legal system from awarding damages to victims of Nazi war crimes.
    (AP, 12/24/08)

2008        Dec 25, A German military helicopter chased away pirates who were trying to board an Egyptian ship off the coast of Somalia. One of the ship's crew was shot in the attack.
    (AP, 12/25/08)

2008        Dec 29, In Germany Munich Re, the world's number two reinsurer, said natural disasters killed over 220,000 people in 2008, making it one of the most devastating years on record and underlining the need for a global climate deal.
    (AFP, 12/29/08)

2008        In Germany the Storch Heinar (stork Heinar) cartoon character was originally hatched by members of a group that fights the far right and linked to the left-leaning Social Democratic Party, which heads Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania's state government. The bird was initially meant to combat the rise in popularity of a fashion label popular with neo-Nazis, Thor Steinar.
    (AP, 9/2/11)
2008        In what came to be called “dieselgate" German car companies agreed to install inadequately small tanks of urea, used to cut nitrogen-oxide emissions from diesel engines, in order to save cash.
    (Econ 7/29/17, p.56)
2008        In Germany David Schneider and Robert Gentz, the founders of Zalando, started selling flipflops online from the Berlin flat. By 2016 the online company was Europe’s largest vendor of clothing and footwear.
    (Econ, 9/3/16, p.59)
2008        The Vietnamese German University (VGU) opened in Ho Chi Minh City. It focused on engineering and economics with programs taught in English by visiting German professors.
    (Econ, 10/2/10, p.45)

2009        Jan 1, In Germany thieves over the last 24 hours stole an estimated $250,000 in art work from the Fasanengalerie, a private art gallery in western Berlin.
    (SFC, 1/3/09, p.A3)

2009        Jan 5, Germany’s ruling coalition agreed to a 2-year fiscal stimulus package of as much as $69 billion (€50 billion).
    (WSJ, 1/6/09, p.A8)
2009        Jan 5, In southwestern Germany the body of billionaire Adolf Merckle (74) was found near railway tracks at Blaubeuren. He had committed suicide after his business empire ran into trouble in the global financial crisis. Merckle’s VEM holding company controlled Ratiopharm, building materials giant HeidelbergCement and one of Europe's biggest wholesale drug distributors, Phoenix. In 2008 Forbes Magazine ranked Merckle as the world’s 94th richest man.
    (AP, 1/6/09)(Econ, 1/10/09, p.58)(AP, 3/18/10)

2009        Jan 9, In Germany Commerzbank AG issued a euro5 billion ($6.8 billion) bond, the first to be backed by the government's massive stabilization package.
    (AP, 1/9/09)

2009        Jan 12, Germany’s coalition government approved a $67 million spending package to mitigate recession effects.
    (Econ, 1/17/09, p.52)

2009        Jan 14, Shares in Deutsche Bank, Germany's biggest bank, slumped after it announced massive losses for the fourth quarter and new terms for its takeover of giant retail lender Postbank.
    (AP, 1/14/09)

2009        Jan 19, Rwanda said it was restoring relations with Germany after a diplomatic spat between the two countries over Berlin's arrest of a top Rwandan official for complicity in the 1994 genocide. A Rwandan court passed a life sentence on Agnes Ntamabyariro, a former justice minister accused of ordering the killing of Jean Baptiste Habyarimana, a Tutsi official who opposed Rwanda's 1994 genocide.
    (AP, 1/19/09)(AFP, 1/20/09)

2009        Jan 21, Germany banned the production, sale or possession of a synthetic marijuana-like drug known as "Spice," effective as of Jan 22, becoming the 4th nation to ban the substance, marketed as an herbal room-freshener, after Austria, the Netherlands and Switzerland.
    (AP, 1/21/09)

2009        Jan 22, In Germany Klaus Zumwinkel (65), the former chief executive of Deutsche Post, admitted in court that he evaded taxes by squirreling money away in Liechtenstein, calling it the greatest mistake of his life. A court on Jan 26 convicted Zumwinkel of tax evasion, giving him a two-year suspended sentence and a hefty fine.
    (AP, 1/22/09)(AP, 1/26/09)

2009        Jan 29, Somali pirates hijacked a German gas tanker, the MV Longchamp, and its 13-man crew in the Gulf of Aden, the third ship captured off the Horn of Africa this month. The ship was released along with its 13 crew members on March 28.
    (AP, 1/29/09)(SFC, 1/30/09, p.A16)(AP, 3/28/09)

2009        Jan 30, Hans Beck (79), creator of the colorful plastic Playmobil toy figures that sold by the millions around the world, died in Germany. Beck had created and developed the 3-inch (7.5-centimeter) tall line of figures for the company in 1971. they were dubbed Playmobil and brought to market in 1974.
    (AP, 2/4/09)

2009        Jan 31, Porsche's new museum in Stuttgart, a sprawling monument to 60 years of German engineering, opened to the public.
    (AP, 1/30/09)

2009        Feb 4, In Germany countries leading the drive to resolve concerns about Iran's nuclear program welcomed the new US administration's readiness to engage with Tehran. Foreign Ministry officials from Germany and the five permanent members of the UN Security Council: Britain, China, France, Russia and the US, met in Wiesbaden.
    (AP, 2/4/09)

2009        Feb 5, Germany's biggest lender, Deutsche Bank, posted its first annual loss since World War II after a terrible fourth quarter but said it would survive the global meltdown without state aid. Deutsche Bank reported a 2008 loss of $5 billion, including $1.8 billion attributed a group run by Wall Street trader Boaz Weinstein.
    (AP, 2/5/09)(WSJ, 2/6/09, p.A1)

2009        Feb 12, Researchers in Germany, on the 200th anniversary of Charles Darwin’s birth, said they have completed the first draft of the Neanderthal genome, 3 billion genetic building blocks that will shed new light on the ancient hominid as well as the origins of humans, its closest relation. Lead scientist Svante Paabo established in 1997 that Neanderthals were cousins rather than ancestors of modern humans.
    (AP, 2/12/09)(Econ, 2/21/09, p.80)
2009        Feb 12, Domenica Niehoff (63), Germany's best-known former prostitute, died. She was a familiar figure on TV talk shows in the 1970s and '80s and was instantly recognizable for her 48-inch bust and notoriously revealing outfits.
    (AP, 2/13/09)

2009        Feb 13, In Germany Ahmad Obeidi (24), and Afghan immigrant, was convicted of murdering his 16-year-old sister in a so-called "honor killing."
    (AP, 2/13/09)

2009        Feb 14, The Peruvian film “La Teta Asustada" (The Milk of Sorrow), directed by Claudia Llosa, won the top prize at the Berlin Film Festival.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Milk_of_Sorrow)(Econ, 3/14/09, p.42)

2009        Feb 17, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Germany's foreign minister met with top Iraqi leaders in Baghdad in the latest high-level visit by a major Western nation that opposed the 2003 US-led invasion but has promised to help Iraq rebuild now that security has improved.
    (AP, 2/17/09)

2009        Mar 1, Germany rejected appeals for a single multibillion euro (dollar) bailout of eastern Europe, even after Hungry begged EU leaders not to let a new "Iron Curtain" divide the continent into rich and poor.
    (AP, 3/1/09)

2009        Mar 3, In Germany the building that houses the Cologne city archives collapsed. 3 people were feared missing in other damaged buildings nearby.
    (AP, 3/3/09)

2009        Mar 5, Germany’s restored Neues Museum was unveiled after six years of painstaking work to repair World War II bomb damage that ruined much of the renowned Berlin building.
    (AP, 3/5/09)

2009        Mar 9, Helg Sgarbi, a man dubbed "the Swiss gigolo" by the German media, was sentenced to six years in prison for defrauding BMW heiress Susanne Klatten (46), Germany's richest woman, of euro7 million ($9 million) and attempting to blackmail her for tens of millions more.
    (AP, 3/9/09)

2009        Mar 10, Germany's navy handed over nine suspected Somali pirates to Kenyan authorities and they will be taken to a court to face charges. The nine were arrested March 3 after they attacked the Hamburg-based MV Courier cargo ship.
    (AP, 3/10/09)

2009        Mar 11, German prosecutors said they have charged retired Ohio auto worker John Demjanjuk (88) with more than 29,000 counts of accessory to murder for his time as a guard at the Nazis' Sobibor death camp, and will seek his extradition from the US.
    (AP, 3/11/09)
2009        Mar 11, In southwestern Germany Tim Kretschmer (17) dressed in black opened fire at his former high school in Winnenden, killing 12 people. He fled the scene and killed a 56-year-old janitor of a nearby psychiatric hospital in a park. He then fled in a hijacked car, and killed 2 more people before apparently shooting himself to death. Kretschmer graduated last year from the school of about 1,000 students. In 2011 Stuttgart state court gave Kretschmer’s father a 21-month suspended sentence for not securing his 9mm Beretta pistol.
    (AP, 3/11/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tim_Kretschmer#Perpetrator)(AP, 3/12/09)(AP, 2/10/11)

2009        Mar 12, In Germany a scientist accidentally pricked her finger with a needle used to inject the deadly Ebola virus into lab mice. Within 48 hours of the accident, the at-risk scientist, a woman (45) whose identity has not been revealed, was injected with an experimental  vaccine from Canada. After 2 weeks the woman appeared to be healthy. At the time of the accident, she was wearing three layers of protective gloves, and though the needle stuck her, the plunger of the syringe was not pushed so it's not certain the virus entered her bloodstream.
    (AP, 3/27/09)

2009        Mar 15, Germany's chancellor Angela Merkel called for greater government supervision of gun owners after a school shooting last week that killed 15 people.
    (AP, 3/15/09)
2009        Mar 15, A German newspaper reported that Deutsche Post AG has paid a pension of euro20 million ($26 million) to Klaus Zumwinkel, the former CEO convicted of tax evasion.
    (AP, 3/15/09)

2009        Mar 16, The US and Germany signed an agreement to share science and technology research in an effort to improve the security of both nations.
    (AP, 3/16/09)

2009        Mar 31, Germany's top security official banned the Homeland-Faithful German Youth (HDJ),  a far-right group, on the ground that it organizes seemingly harmless activities to promote racist and Nazi ideology among children and young people.
    (AP, 3/31/09)
2009        Mar 31, Volkswagen opened a new plant in western India, pledging to make further inroads into the country's growing auto market.
    (AFP, 3/31/09)
2009        Mar 31, Peru’s President Alan Garcia reversed course and accepted a donation from Germany for a museum honoring those killed in Peru's 20-year armed conflict with Maoist Shining Path guerrillas.
    (AP, 3/31/09)

2009        Apr 3, NATO began its 2-day 60th anniversary summit in France and Germany.
    (AP, 4/3/09)

2009        Apr 4, France and Germany fully endorsed President Barack Obama's new Afghan war strategy but firmly resisted sending more combat troops in a rift that overshadowed symbols of unity at NATO 60th-anniversary summit. NATO's European leaders pledged a significant increase in troops for the US-led war in Afghanistan at their summit, but the alliance seemed sure to arouse hostility in the Muslim world by choosing the controversial Danish PM Anders Fogh Rasmussen as the alliance's new secretary general. All 28 NATO leaders unanimously approved Rasmussen as the new civilian leader of the alliance. Black-clad protesters attacked police and set a hotel and a customs station ablaze near a bridge linking France and Germany that served hours earlier as the backdrop for a show of unity by NATO leaders.
    (AP, 4/4/09)
2009        Apr 4, Somali pirates seized a 20,000-ton German container vessel, the Hansa Stavanger and its 24-member crew, in their latest attack on the Indian Ocean's busy commercial shipping lanes. The ship and crew were released on August 3 as pirates boasted $2.75 million in ransom.
    (AP, 4/5/09)(AP, 4/6/09)(AP, 7/18/09)(Econ, 8/22/09, p.53)

2009        Apr 6, German Chancellor Angela Merkel made an unannounced visit to northern Afghanistan to meet with her country's troops and view rebuilding efforts. She pressed President Karzai to review carefully a new law that critics say legalizes marital rape. In southern Afghanistan an insurgent rocket attack hit the Netherlands' main military base, killing one Dutch soldier and wounding 5 of his colleagues and 2 Afghan soldiers.
    (AP, 4/6/09)

2009        Apr 7, A man opened fire at a courthouse in Bavaria, killing his sister-in-law and injuring two other people. He then shot himself dead. The incident appeared to stem from a long-running inheritance dispute.
    (AP, 4/7/09)

2009        Apr 11, Turkey’s agriculture ministry said 11 people have died in Turkey over the past three weeks, including three young Germans, after drinking bootleg spirits.
    (AP, 4/11/09)

2009        Apr 17, Five of Germany's leading Internet providers agreed to block access to sites identified by national criminal investigators as hosting child pornography, as authorities reported the breakup of an international ring.
    (AP, 4/17/09)

2009        Apr 19, The Shanghai Motor Show opened. Porsche kicked off the show by unveiling the Panamera, the German luxury carmaker's first foray into the sedan segment.

2009        Apr 22, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel's Cabinet approved a new law to require the vast majority of the country's Internet service providers to block child pornography sites.
    (AP, 4/22/09)

2009        Apr 29, The WHO raised its alert for swine flu from level 4 to level 5, its 2nd highest alert level. Austria and Germany confirmed cases of swine flu, becoming the third and fourth European countries hit by the disease. US health officials reported that a 23-month-old child in Texas has died from the disease. The World Health Organization called an emergency meeting to consider its pandemic alert level.
    (AP, 4/29/09)(SFC, 4/30/09, p.A8)
2009        Apr 29, In Afghanistan US-led troops battled militants and announced they killed 42 suspected insurgents. Two attacks on German forces killed one soldier and wounded nine as Germany's foreign minister began a two-day visit to the country.
    (AFP, 4/29/09)(AP, 4/29/09)

2009        May 1, May Day protesters clashed with riot police in Germany, Turkey and Greece, while thousands angry at the government's responses to the global financial crisis took to the streets in France. Riot police battled 700 stone-throwing left-wing militants in Berlin for more than five hours in May Day clashes that stretched into early pre-dawn hours.
    (Reuters, 5/1/09)(AP, 5/2/09)

2009        May 4, In Germany Sergio Marchionne, the boss of Italy's Fiat, drummed up support in Berlin for audacious plans to snap up General Motors' European arm and merge it with the bankrupt Chrysler to create a new global auto giant. Germany's economy minister said Fiat Group SpA wants to take over GM's Opel unit without running up debt and would preserve the three main German assembly plants if successful.
    (AFP, 5/4/09)(AP, 5/4/09)

2009        May 5, Somali pirates hijacked the MV Victoria, a German cargo ship carrying 11 crew members in the Gulf of Aden. Pirates released the ship and its 11 Romanian crew members on July 18 following a ransom of $1.8 million.
    (AP, 5/6/09)(AP, 7/18/09)

2009        May 12, John Demjanjuk, retired Ohio autoworker, arrived at a German prison after 3 decades of fighting in court. He was deported from the US to face allegations of being an accessory to the murder of 29,000 Jews and others as a guard at the Nazis' Sobibor death camp.
    (AP, 5/12/09)

2009        May 16, In Germany tens of thousands of workers from across the country marched through downtown Berlin to call for increased government measures to protect their jobs.
    (SSFC, 5/17/09, p.A6)

2009        May 19, Tesla, an electric car maker in San Carlos, Ca., sold a 10% stake to German auto giant Daimler.
    (SFC, 5/20/09, p.C1)

2009        May 23, Horst Koehler won a 2nd term as German president in a parliamentary vote that gave conservative Chancellor Angela Merkel a symbolic victory months ahead of a national election.
    (AP, 5/23/09)

2009        May 25, Dairy farmers created traffic chaos in Berlin, blocked milk processing plants in France and protested at EU headquarters in Brussels, seeking more aid to cope with a sharp drop in milk prices.
    (AP, 5/25/09)

2009        May 30, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said General Motors Corp. will sell its Opel unit and other European assets to Canada's Magna International Inc. in a deal that would protect the assets from GM's likely bankruptcy.
    (AP, 5/30/09)

2009        May 31, Three US Army soldiers were killed and two were injured in an accident on a German autobahn near Kaiserslautern.
    (AP, 6/1/09)

2009        Jun 4, In Germany the federal and state governments approved an €18 billion plan to create more university places, boost funding for research and cultivate a small group of elite institutions.
    (Econ, 6/27/09, p.57)  

2009        Jun 5,  President Barack Obama toured a World War II concentration camp in Germany after prodding the international community to redouble efforts toward separate Israeli and Palestinian states in hopes of resolving a conflict fueled by the Jewish nation's post-Holocaust creation.
    (AP, 6/5/09)

2009        Jun 9, Arcandor, the owner of Germany’s larges chain of department stores, filed for bankruptcy. In 2007 Arcandor’s property portfolio was spun off saddling its 91 Karstadt department stores with high rents.
    (Econ, 6/13/09, p.66)

2009        Jun 11, German researchers said a new, superheavy chemical element numbered 112, Ununbium, Latin for 112, will soon be officially included in the periodic table. A team in Darmstadt first produced 112 in 1996 by firing charged zinc atoms through a 120-meter-long particle accelerator to hit a lead target.
    (Reuters, 6/11/09)

2009        Jun 17, Ralf Dahrendorf (80), German thinker and politician, died. He spent his life defining and defending liberty and wrote almost 30 books to this end.
    (Econ, 6/27/09, p.94)

2009        Jun 19, In West Germany 3 German retirees, who lost $1.4 million in the financial crisis, kidnapped James Amburn (56), their American investment adviser, in an attempt to recoup the money. Amburn was freed by police after 4 days. In 2010 the retirees were convicted, with their 74-year-old ringleader and sentenced to six years in prison.
    (AP, 3/23/10)(http://tinyurl.com/yhdokyf)

2009        Jun 23, In Afghanistan 3 German soldiers were killed when their patrol near the northern city of Kunduz came under fire. A suicide car bombing targeting a US-led military convoy in the eastern province of Ghazni killed two passers-by. Also in Ghazni, Taliban ambushed a police convoy, killing a policeman. 3 Afghan aid workers were killed in a roadside bombing in the northern province of Jawzjan. Another blast killed three policeman just outside the southern city of Kandahar. Afghan and coalition forces killed 23 suspected Taliban fighters in a clash in southern Uruzgan province. Mullah Ismail, a Taliban commander in the region, was killed during the clash.
    (AFP, 6/23/09)(AP, 6/24/09)

2009        Jul 1, In Germany Marwa al-Sherbini (31), a pregnant Muslim woman from Egypt, was stabbed to death in a Dresden courtroom as her young son (3) watched. She was involved in a court case against her neighbor for calling her a terrorist and was set to testify against him when Alex Wiens (28) stabbed her at least 16 times inside the courtroom. Her husband, Elwy Okaz, who was in Germany on a research fellowship, came to her aid and was also stabbed by Wiens and shot in the leg by a security guard who initially mistook him for the attacker. On Nov 11 Wiens was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 7/6/09)(AFP, 11/11/09)

2009        Jul 13, In Germany retired auto worker John Demjanjuk was formally charged with 27,900 counts of acting as an accessory to murder, one for every person who died at Sobibor during the time he is accused of serving as a guard at the Nazi death camp.
    (AP, 7/13/09)
2009        Jul 13, German automobile group Daimler said it sold 40 percent of its stake in US electric car maker Tesla Motors to United Arab Emirate's Aabar Investments group to boost development of low-emission vehicles.
    (AP, 7/13/09)
2009        Jul 13, Munich Re, the world’s largest reinsurance group, invited 20 large companies to join it in forming a consortium called Desertec to build a legion of solar power stations in Africa and Arabia and connect them to Europe.
    (Econ, 7/11/09, p.83)

2009        Jul 29, Germany entered into deflation this month for the first time in 22 years according to government statistics, with a projected 0.6% decline in prices compared to one year ago.
    (AP, 7/29/09)

2009        Jul 30, A Hamburg court ordered a German publisher to pay Sweden's Princess Madeleine euro400,000 ($560,000) in damages for fabricating stories about her. Sonnenverlag GmbH & Co KG magazines had carried false reports about the 27-year-old princess being engaged and pregnant, among other things. Sonnenverlag's parent company, Baden-Baden based KLAMBT media group, confirmed the ruling.
    (AP, 7/31/09)

2009        Aug 3, Karlheinz Schreiber (75), a German-Canadian arms dealer and key figure in a political party financing scandal involving former Chancellor Helmut Kohl, was extradited to Germany from Canada to face criminal charges after losing a decade-long court battle. He  was key figure in a funding scandal which badly damaged Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives a decade ago. Schreiber was arrested in Canada about 10 years ago, and is wanted by prosecutors in Augsburg for tax evasion, fraud and bribery.
    (AP, 8/3/09)(Reuters, 8/3/09)

2009        Aug 14, In Germany shares in Volkswagen, Europe's biggest carmaker, plunged after it approved a takeover of luxury auto manufacturer Porsche to create a sector giant.
    (AFP, 8/14/09)

2009        Aug 19, Germany launched a campaign to put 1 million electric cars on the road by 2020, making battery research a priority as it tries to position the country as a market leader.
    (AP, 8/19/09)

2009        Aug 20, Usain Bolt of Jamaica set a world record of 19.19 seconds in the 200 meters at the world championships in Berlin, adding to the gold he won in the 100.
    (AP, 8/20/09)

2009        Aug 22, Cologne prosecutors said they are investigating 100 professors across Germany on suspicion they took bribes to illegally help students with their doctorates. The investigation has been going on for more than a year after it emerged that a law professor at Hannover University had organized degrees for 61 students whose exam results were otherwise insufficient.
    (AP, 8/22/09)

2009        Sep 2, In Germany 6 countries met for talks to try to address concerns about Iran's nuclear program. The German government said it has received no official word yet on new proposals that Tehran is pledging to make.
    (AP, 9/2/09)

2009        Sep 4, In northern Afghanistan a US jet blasted two fuel tankers hijacked by the Taliban in Kunduz province, setting off a huge fireball that killed dozens of civilians who had rushed to the scene to collect fuel. As many as 142 civilians died in the German-ordered NATO airstrike. The strike was ordered by the commander of the German base in Kunduz, Georg Klein, who feared insurgents could use the trucks to carry out attacks. A French soldier was killed and nine others injured when their vehicles were hit by a bomb near Bagram Air Base north of Kabul. A Polish soldier was killed in the east. A French marine was killed in an IED attack.
    (AP, 9/4/09)(AFP, 9/5/09)(AP, 9/17/09)(AP, 10/8/09)(Econ, 1/2/10, p.37)(AP, 9/4/19)

2009        Sep 8, Deutsche Telekom AG and France Telecom SA said they intend to combine their British mobile phone units, shaking up the country's intensely competitive market and forming the country's biggest mobile operator. Analysts said Nokia Siemens Networks, the key equipment vendor to British operations of Deutsche Telekom and France Telecom, had most to lose in the merger.
    (AP, 9/8/09)(Reuters, 9/8/09)

2009        Sep 10, Berlin won Spain's prestigious Prince of Asturias prize for its contribution to promoting peace and harmony.
    (AP, 9/10/09)
2009        Sep 10, GM announced that it agreed to the sale of 55% of Ruesselsheim-based Adam Opel and Vauxhall unit to Canadian auto parts maker Magna International Inc. and Russian lender Sberbank. Detroit-based GM will keep a 35% stake and continue to work with Opel on developing vehicles, sharing technology and engineering resources.
    (AP, 9/11/09)

2009        Sep 11, In Germany 12 officers were injured in late night clashes with left-wing demonstrators in Hamburg following a far-right rally.
    (AP, 9/12/09)
2009        Sep 11, Europe's biggest automaker Volkswagen said it planned to invest 4.0 billion euros (5.8 billion dollars) to boost its presence in China over the next three years.
    (AP, 9/11/09)

2009        Sep 14, In Germany Siegfried Wolf, the co-chief executive of Magna International Inc., said as many as 10,500 Opel jobs in Europe could be cut, including nearly half of them in Germany. Opel employs some 49,000 workers in Europe and has plants in Germany, Spain, Britain, Poland and Germany.
    (AP, 9/14/09)

2009        Sep 15, The Frankfurt auto show opened. The French company Renault unveiled a lineup that includes a purely electric sedan, without a backup internal combustion engine. Renault says the vehicle will be in showrooms by 2011.
    (www.nytimes.com/2009/09/14/automobiles/14electric.html)(Econ, 10/17/09, p.74)

2009        Sep 17, In southern Germany an 18-year-old student armed with an ax and knives lobbed Molotov cocktails at his Carolinum High School in the Bavarian town of Ansbach, wounding eight pupils and a teacher before he was shot and arrested by police. In 2010 the student, identified as Georg R, was convicted of 47 counts of attempted murder and order to 9 years in youth detention and psychiatric care.
    (AP, 9/17/09)(AP, 4/29/10)

2009        Sep 19, In Germany a doctor (50) leading a group therapy session gave participants drugs and other substances that killed two and hospitalized ten. One person was left comatose and in critical condition.
    (AP, 9/20/09)

2009        Sep 20, German authorities said al Qaeda threatened Germany with attacks for the second time this weekend in an online video criticizing the country for its deployment of troops in Afghanistan. The interior ministry identified al Qaeda's messenger in the latest video as Bekkay Harrach (32), a German-Moroccan.
    (Reuters, 9/20/09)

2009        Sep 22,  In western Germany 5 people were killed in a bus accident at Radevormwald. It broke through a crash barrier and plunged 65 feet (20 meters) into the Wupper river.
    (AP, 9/22/09)

2009        Sep 27, Germans voted on whether to give Chancellor Angela Merkel a second term, as the country faces rising unemployment and threats by Islamic extremists over Germany's role in Afghanistan. Voters ended the conservative Merkel's right-left "grand coalition" and gave her a comfortable center-right majority, thanks to a strong performance by her new government ally, the business-oriented Free Democrats.
    (AP, 9/27/09)(AP, 9/28/09)

2009        Oct 3, Reinhard Mohn (b.1921), German book publisher, died. He helped transform media group Bertelsmann AG from a German book publisher to an international media company. Mohn took over his family's printing and publishing business, C. Bertelsmann Verlag, in 1947. In 1971 he helped oversee the family-owned company's transformation into a stock corporation and become chairman and chief executive. In 1977, he established the Bertelsmann Stiftung foundation. Bertelsmann's 106,000 employees are scattered across its divisions in more than 50 countries.
    (AP, 10/4/09)

2009        Oct 8, Herta Mueller (56) won the 2009 Nobel Prize in literature in an award seen as a nod to the 20th anniversary of communism's collapse. She was member of Romania's ethnic German minority persecuted for her critical depictions of life behind the Iron Curtain. She made her debut in 1982 with a collection of short stories titled "Niederungen," or "Nadirs," depicting the harshness of life in a small, German-speaking village in Romania. It was promptly censored by the communist government. Some of her works have been translated into English, French and Spanish, including "The Passport," "The Land of Green Plums," "Traveling on One Leg" and "The Appointment."
    (AP, 10/8/09)

2009        Oct 13, A German court convicted two men of supporting a radical Islamic group with links to al-Qaida and sentenced them to prison terms. It sentenced Omid Shirkhani, a German of Afghan background, to two years and nine months in prison; and co-defendant Huseyin Ozgun, a Turk, to a year and two months. The court found that both had links to Adem Yilmaz, a Turk living in Germany who is currently on trial over plans to attack US targets in Germany.
    (AP, 10/13/09)

2009        Oct 18, The EU used the world's biggest book fair in Frankfurt to launch the EU Bookshop's digital library, making more than 50 years of documents in about 50 languages available for free on the Internet. The files dated back to 1952 when six countries created the High Authority of the Coal and Steel Community, the EU's precursor.
    (AFP, 10/18/09)

2009        Oct 24, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel finished building a new center-right government and announced an overhaul of the health care system, more help for families and annual tax cuts of up to euro24 billion.
    (AP, 10/24/09)

2009        Oct 28, Angela Merkel was sworn for a second term as German chancellor, a month after her party won national elections.
    (AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 28, Germany's Lutheran Church elected Margot Kaessmann (51), the first woman to lead the nation's Protestants.
    (AP, 10/28/09)
2009        Oct 28, Somali pirates exchanged fire with a French fishing vessel. They sped away, but were soon stopped by a Spanish naval helicopter. 7 pirates were detained on the German naval vessel, FGS Karlsruhe.
    (AP, 10/28/09)

2009        Nov 2, President Barack Obama thanked German Chancellor Angela Merkel for her country's "sacrifice" in keeping forces in Afghanistan, noting she was being honored as the first German leader to address a joint session of Congress.
    (AP, 11/3/09)

2009        Nov 3, Nokia Siemens Networks, a joint venture between Finland's Nokia Corp. and Siemens AG of Germany, said it will lay off up to 5,700 workers globally as part of a move to cut annual costs by euro500 million ($740 million).
    (AP, 11/3/09)

2009        Nov 4, Germany's politicians fumed with anger and Opel workers canceled cost concessions and readied walkouts after General Motors Co. abandoned the sale of its European subsidiary to parts maker Magna International and Russian lender Sberbank.
    (AP, 11/4/09)

2009        Nov 5, In Germany thousands of Opel workers, fearing widespread layoffs, walked off the job to protest General Motors Co.'s decision to abandon the unit's sale to new owners.
    (AP, 11/5/09)
2009        Nov 5, Finland and Sweden approved a Baltic Sea pipeline project that would ship Russian natural gas to Germany, clearing two key obstacles for construction to begin next year.
    (AP, 11/5/09)

2009        Nov 10, German soccer star, goalkeeper Robert Enke (32), threw himself in front of a train at a level crossing in the small town of Neustadt am Rubenberge, near Hanover. Earlier, Enke's doctor Valentin Markser revealed the player had an acute fear of failure and had been treated for depression since 2003 following a difficult transfer to Barcelona and subsequent loan to Turkish side Fenerbahce. Hanover police confirmed Enke left a suicide note.
    (AFP, 11/11/09)

2009        Nov 11, The leaders of France and Germany appeared together at a ceremony in Paris, for the first time since World War I, to commemorate the end of the conflict, saying it is now time to celebrate their countries' reconciliation and friendship.
    (AP, 11/11/09)

2009        Nov 15, German Federal Criminal Police Office confirmed a Spiegel Online report that it had posted notices across Afghanistan warning that Jan Schneider (27), a Kazakhstan-born ethnic German, may plan attacks on German military or civilian institutions in Afghanistan. Authorities identified the German convert to Islam as an al-Qaida associate.
    (AP, 11/15/09)

2009        Nov 17, Two leading Rwandan Hutu rebels were arrested in Germany on suspicion of crimes against humanity and war crimes this year and in 2008 in DR Congo. The pair, Ignace Murwanashyaka (46) and Straton Musoni (48) are the leader and deputy leader respectively of the Democratic Liberation Forces of Rwanda. The FDLR is estimated to have 5,000 to 6,000 fighters, many of whom took part in the 1994 genocide in Rwanda before crossing into the neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 11/17/09)

2009        Nov 18, Germany said it will extend its mission in Afghanistan for another year, despite the growing unpopularity of the war at home.
    (AP, 11/18/09)

2009        Nov 20, Germany filed terrorism charges against a Turkish-German dual citizen allegedly linked to a member of a cell that plotted to attack US targets. The 24-year-old, identified only as Kadir T. in line with German privacy laws, was charged with supporting a foreign terrorist organization and violating export laws.
    (AP, 12/9/09)
2009        Nov 20, German prosecutors said that around 200 football matches in nine European countries including at least three Champions League games are implicated in a new match-fixing scandal.
    (AP, 11/20/09)

2009        Dec 8, Ratings agency Moody's warned of a "fiscal crisis" lasting "several years" in Britain, France, Germany and the United States, but saw no immediate threat to their top AAA credit assessments.
    (AFP, 12/8/09)

2009        Dec 11, German officials said Berlin's new airport will be named after Willy Brandt (1913-1992), the former West German leader who championed East-West relations and won the Nobel Peace Prize (1971).
    (AP, 12/11/09)

2009        Dec 16, Germany's new center-right government unveiled a 2010 budget that forecasts record debt and a 10.5 percent rise in spending.
    (AFP, 12/16/09)
2009        Dec 16, Germany said it is donating euro60 million ($87 million) to a new endowment for Auschwitz-Birkenau to preserve barracks, gas chambers and other evidence of Nazi crimes at the former death camp in Poland. The donation is half the amount experts believe is needed to preserve the camp.
    (AP, 12/17/09)

2009        Dec 27, In Iran authorities detained two German diplomats and accused them of playing a role in organizing deadly anti-government protests. Iran's state media only reported this on Jan 27, 2010. Germany's Foreign Ministry said it had no knowledge about any diplomats being detained and dismissed accusations that German officials had a hand in the demonstrations and clashes that left eight people dead.
    (AP, 1/27/10)

2009        Dec 30, It was reported that Karsten Nohl (28), a German security expert, and group of researchers posted a how-to guide for cracking the encryption that keeps the phone calls of millions of people secret. GSM encoding keeps most of the world's mobile phones safe from prying ears.
    (AP, 12/30/09)

2009        Germany’s Hamburg theater staged an opera about IKEA, “Wunder von Schweden" (Miracle from Sweden), a biography of IKEA set to Swedish folk tunes.
    (Econ, 2/26/11, p.67)
2009        Germany adopted a constitutional debt break requiring state governments to blaance their budgets by 2020 and the federal one to do so by 2016.
    (Econ, 2/14/15, p.46)

2010        Jan 1, In Germany a technical problem left card holders unable to use cash machines. It was caused by microchips in about a quarter of all cards in circulation being unable to cope with the changeover to 2010. On Jan 8 retailers announced that the problem was mostly corrected.
    (AFP, 1/8/10)

2010        Jan 9, Germans faced the cancellation of hundreds of flights as fresh snow blew in from the south, and Britons shivered through the country's longest cold snap in three decades as icy weather maintained its grip on Europe.
    (AP, 1/9/10)

2010        Jan 10, Heavy snowfall caused havoc in parts of Europe, causing hundreds of traffic accidents, downing power lines in Poland, halting flights out of southern France and trapping more than 160 people overnight on a frozen highway in northeastern coastal Germany.
    (AP, 1/10/10)
2010        Jan 10, New data showed that China has overtaken Germany as the world's top exporter after December exports jumped 17.7% for their first increase in 14 months.
    (AP, 1/10/10)

2010        Jan 18, Israel's Cabinet convened for the first time in Berlin, the former heart of the Nazi regime, for a special joint session with the German government highlighting the two nations' strong bond six decades after the Holocaust.
    (AP, 1/18/10)

2010        Jan 21, General Motor Co.'s Opel unit will cut 8,300 jobs across Europe, including 4,000 in Germany, and close a plant in Antwerp, Belgium, cutting over 2,300 jobs.
    (AP, 1/21/10)

2010        Jan, It was reported that German researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology in Chemnitz have found a way to use electromagnetic pulses (EMPs) to punch holes into steel.
    (Econ, 1/16/10, p.80)

2010        Feb 2, Germany and Switzerland headed for a fresh spat over banking secrecy after Berlin decided to buy a disc said to hold details of some 1,500 suspected tax-dodgers with funds in Swiss accounts.
    (AFP, 2/2/10)

2010        Feb 6, The German news magazine Der Spiegel reported that the number of sexual abuse cases in Germany by Catholic clerics and laymen is much higher than was previously thought. According to a poll by Spiegel more than 94 clerics and laymen have been suspected of sexual abuse since 1995. Only 30 have been prosecuted, due to the statute of limitations.
    (AP, 2/6/10)

2010        Feb 9, In Germany GM's Opel unit asked European governments for billions of euros (dollars) in aid even as it formally presented a restructuring plan that will result in some 8,300 job cuts in Europe.
    (AP, 2/9/10)

2010        Feb 11, Volkswagen announced it was recalling nearly 200,000 vehicles in Brazil because of a problem with the rear wheels that could cause them to seize or fall off.
    (AP, 2/11/10)

2010        Feb 18, In Germany attorney Ursula Raue said 115 former students have come forward with charges of sexual abuse at schools run by Germany's Jesuit order. Victims had named 12 priests and several women among the attackers. Most of the victims were former students of one of Germany's most prestigious high schools, Berlin's private Catholic Canisius Kolleg.
    (AP, 2/18/10)

2010        Feb 19, The German Tax Union said about 2,500 people in Germany have confessed to tax evasion to avoid punishment amid a heated debate over whether authorities should buy stolen data from Swiss bank accounts.
    (AP, 2/19/10)

2010        Feb 20, German weekly Der Spiegel reported that Germany's finance ministry has sketched out a plan in which countries using the euro currency will provide aid worth between 20 billion and 25 billion euros ($27-$33.7 billion) for Greece.
    (Reuters, 2/20/10)

2010        Feb 22, German airline Lufthansa went to court in a bid to halt a strike by some 4,000 pilots that disrupted more than one third of its flights. Later in the day Lufthansa pilots agreed to suspend for two weeks a strike that grounded about 900 flights, just as rival British Airways' cabin crew voted to join the fray to protest harsh cost cuts.
    (AP, 2/22/10)(Reuters, 2/22/10)

2010        Feb 24, Germany's top Protestant cleric, Margot Kaessmann (51), resigned after she was caught driving with a blood-alcohol level three times the legal limit, an incident that she said had undermined her authority.
    (AP, 2/24/10)

2010        Feb 26, German lawmakers voted 429-111 with 46 abstentions to increase the maximum number of German troops allowed to serve in Afghanistan to 5,350 from 4,500.
    (AP, 2/26/10)

2010        Feb 28, A violent late winter storm named Xynthia battered France, Spain, Portugal and Germany with fierce rain and hurricane-strength winds. The storm smashed sea walls and killed at least 62 people across western Europe.
    (AP, 2/28/10)(AP, 3/1/10)(SFC, 3/2/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 2, Germany’s Federal Constitutional Court overturned a law that let anti-terror authorities retain data on telephone calls and e-mails, saying it marked a “grave intrusion" into personal privacy rights.
    (SFC, 3/3/10, p.A2)

2010        Mar 3, In Germany Christoph Schmidt-Rose, mayor of Niederzimmern, told local radio station MDR that people can buy a hole in the town for 50 euros (68 dollars). In return the authorities will repair it.
    (AFP, 3/3/10)

2010        Mar 4, A German court jailed four Islamic militants who dreamed of "mounting a second September 11" for a thwarted plot to attack US soldiers and civilians in Germany. The two German converts to Islam, Fritz Gelowicz and Daniel Schneider, each received 12-year jail terms. Adem Yilmaz, a Turkish citizen, got 11 years while Atilla Selek, a German of Turkish origin, was given five years in prison for what the court called a supporting role in the plot.
    (AFP, 3/4/10)

2010        Mar 5, Germany and the group of countries using the euro ruled out any immediate financial aid for debt-ridden Greece at the start of a diplomatic tour by PM George Papandreou.
    (AP, 3/5/10)

2010        Mar 6, In Germany 4 men brandishing handguns and machetes stormed into Berlin's Grand Hyatt hotel during a million-euro poker tournament and made off with hundreds of thousands of euros in cash. A man (21), who admitted to taking part in the raid, turned himself into authorities on March 15 and identified 3 accomplices who remained on the run. Authorities issued photos of the three: Ahmad el-Awayti (20), of undetermined nationality; Jihad Chetwie, a 19-year-old German; and Mustafa Ucarkus, a 20-year-old Turkish citizen. On March 21 police arrested a 5th suspect, a Lebanese citizen (28), believed to be the organizer of the attack.   
    (AFP, 3/7/10)(AP, 3/17/10)(AP, 3/22/10)
2010        Mar 6, An operation in Germany to remove the gall bladder of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak was "successful" and he was in hospital convalescing.
    (AFP, 3/6/10)

2010        Mar 7, In Germany police said heavy snowfall over the weekend triggered a deadly avalanche and caused thousands of accidents, leaving at least seven people dead and dozens more injured.
    (AP, 3/7/10)

2010        Mar 10, In Germany the world's largest tourism fair, the ITB, kicked off in Berlin with the global travel industry hoping for better times following a crisis-hit 2009.
    (AFP, 3/10/10)

2010        Mar 18, Israeli copycat drugs giant Teva made a major stride into Europe with the five-billion-dollar purchase of Ratiopharm, formerly owned by a German billionaire who killed himself.
    (AFP, 3/18/10)

2010        Mar 21, Wolfgang Wagner (b.1919), custodian of the Bayreuth Festival, died in Germany.
    (Econ, 4/3/10, p.89)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfgang_Wagner)

2010        Mar 26, Germany and Switzerland said they have reached a preliminary deal on an agreement to exchange information on suspected tax cheats, an important step toward defusing a long-festering irritant in their relations.
    (AP, 3/26/10)

2010        Mar 28, President Barack Obama made a surprise visit to Afghanistan for a firsthand look at the 8-year-old war he inherited and dramatically escalated. German Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere held talks in Afghanistan on stuttering progress in training the country's security forces. Russia accused the US of conniving with Afghanistan's drug producers by refusing to destroy opium crops, the second time in a week Moscow has taken a swipe at the West over drug policy.
    (AP, 3/28/10)(AFP, 3/28/10)(Reuters, 3/28/10)

2010        Apr 2, In northern Afghanistan 3 German soldiers were killed in heavy fighting and five were severely wounded southwest of Kunduz city. German soldiers traveling to the scene of the deadly firefight with Taliban insurgents accidentally killed six Afghan troops.
    (AP, 4/2/10)(AP, 4/3/10)

2010        Apr 4, Somali pirates in the Indian Ocean seized the Taipan, a Germany-flagged freighter. The Dutch navy captured 10 Somalis hours after the seizure. In 2012 the Somalis were convicted on piracy charges and sentenced to prison terms of 2-7 years.
    (SFC, 10/20/12, p.A2)

2010        Apr 7, Auto giants Renault, Nissan and Daimler launched a partnership to save billions of euros and accelerate sales of low-pollution electric cars.
    (AP, 4/7/10)

2010        Apr 9, In Germany delegates from 175 countries began a 3-day meeting in Bonn on a new global warming agreement.
    (AP, 4/9/10)

2010        Apr 12, Neofonie, the German maker of a new tablet PC, the WePad, was reportedly setting out to rival Apple's iPad with the promise of even more technology such as a bigger screen, a webcam and USB ports. When it hits stores starting late July, it will also boast a complete open source office package.
    (AP, 4/12/10)

2010        Apr 15, German authorities said they have targeted nine suspects, including former staff of Hewlett-Packard, in a probe into whether the world's top PC maker paid bribes to win business in Russia.
    (Reuters, 4/15/10)

2010        Apr 16, A German court convicted ultraconservative British Bishop Richard Williamson of incitement for denying the Holocaust in a television interview. The court ordered the Roman Catholic bishop  to pay a fine of euro10,000 ($13,544).
    (AP, 4/16/10)

2010        Apr 21, Germany recognized 14 US soldiers serving in Afghanistan for risking their lives to help German soldiers in a firefight on April 2, Good Friday, awarding them the country's Gold Cross medal.
    (AP, 4/21/10)

2010        Apr 27, Germany officially opened its first offshore wind farm in the North Sea after years of delays and technical problems. The $340 million test field, Alpha Ventus, consisted of 12 windmills.
    (AP, 4/27/10)

2010        May 3, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said her country will provide euro22.4 billion ($29.6 billion) to help bailout Greece over a three-year period, part of a wider plan aimed at keeping Greece afloat and protecting their shared euro currency.
    (AP, 5/3/10)

2010        May 8, French President Nicolas Sarkozy and German Chancellor Angela Merkel announced that Europe will set up an intervention mechanism to calm markets rattled by the Greek debt crisis.
    (AP, 5/8/10)
2010        May 8, Bishop Walter Mixa, a leading German bishop who has acknowledged slapping children and is being investigated for sexual abuse of minors and financial misconduct, lost his job as Pope Benedict XVI continued cleaning house.
    (AP, 5/8/10)

2010        May 9, In Germany Angela Merkel's center-right coalition lost control of Germany's most populous state, North Rhine-Westphalia, in an election that also erased its majority in the upper house of parliament, making the country harder to run. The defeat followed a stumbling start for Merkel's new national coalition government, which took power in October.
    (AP, 5/10/10)
2010        May 9, A plume of volcanic ash snaked its way through southern France, Switzerland, Italy and Germany, shutting down airports and disrupting flights across Europe.
    (AP, 5/9/10)

2010        May 12, German software titan SAP agreed to buy database company Sybase, based in Dublin, Ca., for $5.8 billion.
    (SFC, 5/13/10, p.D1)

2010        May 24, In Germany Daryush Shokof (55), a Berlin resident and Iranian dissident, disappeared in Cologne, the day he planned to board a train to Paris to promote his new film "Iran Zendan," or "Iran Prison." The small independent movie is highly critical of the Iranian regime and shows scenes of torture and rape in an Iranian prison. It was shown once last month to a closed audience of friends at a Berlin theater and then posted on YouTube, but has since been removed. On June 5, almost two weeks after he went missing, Shokof was found by a group of teenagers, drenched, exhausted and confused, near the Rhine river in Cologne, and taken to a hospital.
    (AP, 6/11/10)

2010        May 25, In Germany a private security firm's plan to deploy more than 100 ex-soldiers to Somalia to work for a warlord triggered intense media coverage and was harshly criticized by lawmakers, some of them calling it a possible violation of UN sanctions against the war-ridden East African country. Thomas Kaeltegaertner, the head of Asgaard German Security Group, said the company would be in charge of providing security and protection for persons, buildings and convoys in Somalia as well as educating Somali security personnel.
    (AP, 5/25/10)

2010        May 31, German President Horst Koehler resigned in a surprise move after being criticized for reportedly linking military deployments abroad with the country's economic interests, creating a new headache for Chancellor Angela Merkel.
    (AP, 5/31/10)

2010        Jun 1, In Germany 3 experts working to defuse a bomb from World War II were killed when the device exploded, injuring six others. Construction workers in Goettingen had found the 65-year-old explosive device about seven yards (meters) below the ground on an empty where the city is currently building a sport arena.
    (AP, 6/2/10)

2010        Jun 4, A Dutch court ordered 10 suspected Somali pirates to be extradited to Germany, where Hamburg prosecutors want to charge them with hijacking a German container ship.
    (AP, 6/4/10)

2010        Jun 5, Germany and Russia declared that the five world powers negotiating with Iran support a fresh set of international sanctions, and Chancellor Angela Merkel said they could pass soon.
    (AP, 6/5/10)

2010        Jun 12, Germany’s federal prosecutor's office said that Polish authorities have arrested an alleged Mossad spy from Israel wanted in connection with the slaying of a Hamas agent in Dubai. A man using the name of Uri Brodsky was arrested in early June upon his arrival in Poland because of a European arrest warrant issued by Germany and Germany is now seeking his extradition.
    (AP, 6/12/10)

2010        Jun 19, In Germany tens of thousands of gays, lesbians and other revelers marched and danced in downtown Berlin for the German capital's annual gay pride celebration, which featured a colorful parade through the heart of the city.
    (AP, 6/19/10)

2010        Jun 22, Britain, France and Germany committed to levying a fee on banks to shield taxpayers from the cost of resolving financial crises and said they would ask other countries to join them.
    (AP, 6/22/10)

2010        Jun 24, Germany's Supreme Court issued a landmark ruling that an assisted suicide can not be punished if it is carried out based on a patient's prior request.
    (AP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 24, The Strasbourg-based European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that European law does not require countries to grant same-sex couples the right to marry, even if some states have already done so. The ECHR is part of the Council of Europe, which promotes democracy and the rule of law among its 47 member states.
    (Reuters, 6/25/10)

2010        Jun, Stuxnet, computer malware, was first detected by VirusBlokAda, a security firm in Belarus. It was tailored for Siemens supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems commonly used to manage water supplies, oil rigs, power plants and other industrial facilities. It was able to recognize a specific facility's control network and then destroy it. The code had a technology fingerprint of the control system it was seeking and would go into action automatically when it found its target. In September German computer security researcher Ralph Langner said he suspected that Stuxnet's mark was the Bushehr nuclear facility in Iran. Unspecified problems have been blamed for a delay in getting the facility fully operational. Stuxnet used 4 main exploits, packets of computer code that allow hackers to infiltrate or gain control of computers running software with design flaws.
    (AP, 9/24/10)(Econ, 10/2/10, p.63)(Econ, 3/30/13, p.65)

2010        Jul 6, Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel's government, faced with a ballooning deficit in the health care system, decided to raise premiums and cut into the profits of doctors, dentists, hospitals and pharmaceutical manufacturers. The decision came after months of wrangling within Merkel's coalition over a fundamental overhaul of the system and after a series of political blows to the chancellor and plummeting support in the polls.
    (AP, 7/6/10)

2010        Jul 7, Germany's interior minister Thomas de Maiziere said his country plans to take in two inmates from the United States' Guantanamo Bay detention facility.
    (AP, 7/7/10)

2010        Jul 8, In Norway 2 suspected al-Qaida members were arrested for what Norwegian and US officials said was a terrorist plot linked to similar plans to bomb New York's subway and blow up a shopping mall in England. A 3rd suspect was arrested in Germany. Authorities later said the ringleader of the plot is Mikael Davud (39), an Uighur who came to Norway in 1999 as part of a UN refugee program and then became a Norwegian citizen eight years later. Davud was arrested along with suspected accomplices Shawan Sadek Saeed Bujak Bujak, an Iraqi Kurd (37), and Uzbek national, David Jakobsen (31). Norwegian and Danish police later said the 3 were likely planning an attack against a Danish newspaper that caricatured the Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 7/8/10)(AP, 8/29/10)(AP, 9/28/10)

2010        Jul 13, German government sources said industrial group Siemens has won a major contract from Russian Railways to be signed during a visit by Chancellor Angela Merkel this week. The 2.2-billion-euro (2.8-billion-dollar) sale of regional trains is the second major coup for Siemens in Russia this year.
    (AFP, 7/13/10)
2010        Jul 13, Turkey extradited a man identified only as Salih S. to Germany to face charges of supporting a terrorist organization and membership in a terrorist organization. The German citizen, a member of the radical Islamic Jihad Union, had trained at a terrorist camp in Pakistan. He was accused of procuring GPS devices, night vision goggles and other items for Adem Yilmaz, who was convicted with 3 others earlier this year of plotting a thwarted attack that a judge said could have killed large numbers of US soldiers and civilians in Germany.
    (AP, 7/14/10)

2010        Jul 14, In Germany new statistics were released indicating the number of Germans with immigrant roots has reached more than 16 million, or nearly 20 percent of the population.
    (AP, 7/14/10)

2010        Jul 15, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev met for talks and are expected to oversee the signing of an array of deals between German and Russian companies worth billions of dollars.
    (AP, 7/15/10)

2010        Jul 18, In Germany some 3 million people sat at a 37-mile long table on the A40 between Dortmund and Bochum for a cultural celebration titled "Still Life."
    (AP, 7/19/10)

2010        Jul 19, Germany’s domestic intelligence service started a program for Islamic radicals who want to quit extremism.
    (SFC, 7/20/10, p.A2)
2010        Jul 19, The Wall Street Journal reported that Tehran has used a small Iranian-owned bank in Germany to circumvent sanctions slapped on firms blacklisted for involvement in the Islamic republic's missile programs.
    (AFP, 7/19/10)

2010        Jul 23, Seven out of 91 banks failed European stress tests, which were organized in hope of reviving investor confidence in Europe's embattled banking sector. German state-owned lender Hypo Real Estate, five regional savings banks in Spain and ATEBank of Greece failed the test of whether they could resist a new financial shock. All have been ordered to recapitalize or take state aid.
    (AFP, 7/24/10)

2010        Jul 24, The German government said it is offering asylum to 50 Iranian dissidents who took part in the massive street protests that erupted after elections there last year.
    (AP, 7/24/10)
2010        Jul 24, In Germany a stampede at the Love Parade techno music festival in Duisberg ended with at least 19 young people dead and more than 300 injured. Within days the death toll rose to 21 as more died from their injuries.
    (Reuters, 7/25/10)(http://tinyurl.com/27m7e9l)(Reuters, 7/28/10)
2010        Jul 24, Theo Albrecht (88), the secretive co-founder of Germany's worldwide discount supermarket chain Aldi, a co-owner of Trader Joe's in the United States and one of Europe's richest men, died in Essen.
    (AP, 7/30/10)

2010        Jul 25, Former Nazi SS officer Erich Steidtmann (95), suspected but never convicted of involvement in World War II massacres, died from a heart attack at his home in Hannover. Steidtmann was investigated several times for his alleged involvement in killings at the Warsaw Ghetto in 1943 and two massacres in the Polish city of Lublin.
    (AP, 7/28/10)

2010        Jul 28, German prosecutors said Samuel Kunz (88) was informed last week of his indictment on charges including participation in the murder of 430,000 Jews at the Belzec death camp in occupied Poland, where he allegedly served as a guard from January 1942 to July 1943. Kunz (b.1921) was also charged with murder over "personal excesses" in which he allegedly shot a total of 10 Jews in two other incidents.
    (AP, 7/28/10)

2010        Aug 9, In central Europe swollen rivers surged north after carving a swath of destruction across Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic. At least 11 people were reported killed.
    (AP, 8/9/10)(SFC, 8/9/10, p.A2)

2010        Aug 18, In Germany a former Rwandan mayor living in Germany was charged for allegedly organizing massacres and inciting killings during the African country's 1994 genocide. Prosecutors alleged that the former Hutu mayor, identified as Onesphore R. (53), called for pogroms against the Tutsi minority on three occasions. Prosecutors asserted that the man ordered and coordinated three massacres between April 11 and 15, 1994, in which at least 3,730 Tutsis were killed.
    (AP, 8/18/10)

2010        Aug 19, German federal prosecutors said they have charged two men with violating an arms embargo by working to export equipment that Iran wanted for its missile program. Heinz Ulrich K. (65) of Germany was charged with breaking export laws and Iranian Mohsen A. (52) with incitement to break them.
    (AP, 8/19/10)

2010        Aug 26, In Germany Nadja Benaissa (28), a member of girl group No Angels, broke down in tears after a German court handed her a two-year suspended sentence for infecting a former sex partner with the AIDS HIV virus.
    (AFP, 8/26/10)

2010        Sep 3, A court in Essen, Germany, that has been overseeing months of wrangling over the rent to be paid for 120 Karstadt stores, agreed that investor Nicolas Berggruen (49) could snap up the iconic chain, saving it from bankruptcy and safeguarding 25,000 jobs.
    (AFP, 9/3/10)

2010        Sep 6, German Chancellor Angela Merkel faced one of the biggest battles of her time in office after announcing plans to put off the date when Europe's biggest economy abandons nuclear power. Merkel said the operation of the country’s 17 nuclear plants would be extended to promote energy security. Under current law the last nuclear plant was to be closed by 2022.
    (AFP, 9/6/10)(SFC, 9/7/10, p.A2)

2010        Sep 7, Germany police raided buildings used by the country’s largest neo-Nazi group in an effort to find evidence to support banning it. The sweep targeted 30 buildings and houses across the country belonging to members of the Aid Organization for National Political Victims and their Relatives (HNG).
    (AP, 9/7/10)

2010        Sep 8, German Chancellor Angela Merkel praised the bravery of illustrator Kurt Westergaard (75), a Danish cartoonist who caricatured the Prophet Muhammad, at an award ceremony honoring his achievements for freedom of speech.
    (AP, 9/9/10)

2010        Sep 12, Germany's top bank, Deutsche Bank, announced a rights issue worth around 10 billion euros ($13 billion), saying it sought fresh capital to take over retail bank Postbank.
    (AFP, 9/12/10)

2010        Sep 16, Germany's Jesuits announced a plan to pay the victims of sexual abuse in the order's schools a "symbolic compensation" of at least euro5,000 ($6,500) each, saying the gesture is meant to be "financially painful" to the Roman Catholic organization.
    (AP, 9/16/10)
2010        Sep 16, Germany's top security official said two former inmates of the US military prison at Guantanamo Bay have arrived in the country to begin new lives there.
    (AP, 9/16/10)

2010        Sep 18, In Germany tens of thousands demonstrated in Berlin against the government's proposal to extend the life of Germany's nuclear power plants for another decade or more.
    (AFP, 9/18/10)

2010        Sep 19, In southwestern Germany a female attorney (41) went on a shooting spree in Loerrach killing her 5-year-old son, her estranged husband and a male nurse before killing herself in an exchange of fire with police.
    (AP, 9/20/10)

2010        Sep 22, Germany’s ThyssenKrupp said it would freeze all new business with Iran with immediate effect and terminate existing contracts there as soon as possible in response to ever-harsher sanctions against the Islamic Republic.
    (Reuters, 9/22/10)

2010        Sep 26, In Germany a Polish tour bus crashed on its way home from a Spanish holiday, killing 13 people. 32 remained hospitalized the next day.
    (AP, 9/27/10)

2010        Sep 29, Security sources and media reports said Western intelligence agencies have uncovered an Al-Qaeda plot to launch attacks in Britain, France and Germany by extremists based in Pakistan.
    (AFP, 9/29/10)

2010        Oct 1, Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel called for calm after riot police used what critics called "Rambo" tactics to disperse thousands of opponents of a contentious rail project.
    (AFP, 10/1/10)

2010        Oct 7, Afghan President Hamid Karzai hosted the inaugural session of a new peace council set up to guide efforts to reconcile with the Taliban and other insurgent groups. In the north a Taliban suicide attack killed a German soldier and wounded six others in Baghlan province. The death brought to 44 the number of German troops killed in the Afghan war. A senior Taliban leader, accused of commanding an "assassination cell" in Kandahar city, was captured. 4 militants were killed and one captured by an Afghan-NATO force in eastern Wardak province's Chaki Wardak district. A joint force also recovered and destroyed almost 2,200 pounds (1,000 kg) of narcotics during two operations in Kandahar and Nangarhar provinces.
    (AP, 10/7/10)(AFP, 10/7/10)(AP, 10/8/10)

2010        Oct 10, Iran arrested two German nationals in Tabriz as they approached the home of Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani, a woman whose sentence of death-by-stoning on an adultery conviction has drawn international condemnation. Ashtiani's son, Sajjad Qaderzadeh, and lawyer Houtan Kian were arrested along with two the German nationals, who were seeking to interview the son. On Feb 5, 2012, reporter Marcus Hellwig told the Sunday newspaper Bild am Sonntag that he was regularly beaten up during the first 10 "brutal" days in captivity until a German diplomat intervened. German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle traveled to Tehran for a rare meeting with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Westerwelle brought Hellwig and his German photographer Jens Koch home after 5 months imprisonment.
            (AP, 10/12/10)(AP, 11/4/10)(AP, 2/5/12)

2010        Oct 12, At the United Nations Colombia, Germany, India, Portugal and South Africa were elected to join the big guns on the UN Security Council for two years, starting in January.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/csm/20101012/ts_csm/331624)(Reuters, 10/13/10)

2010        Oct 16, German Chancellor Angela Merkel told a meeting of young members of her conservative Christian Democratic Union  that while immigrants are welcome, they must learn the language and accept the country's cultural norms. "This multicultural approach, saying that we simply live side by side and live happily with each other has failed. Utterly failed."
    (AP, 10/17/10)
2010        Oct 16, German Economy Minister Rainer Bruederle said Germany will help Japan gain access to vital rare earth minerals which are being withheld by China in a territorial dispute.
    (AFP, 10/16/10)

2010        Oct 18, Germany, yielding to French pressure, softened its stance on stricter eurozone budget rules, angering governments that counted on Berlin to force through sanctions for nations living beyond their means.
    (AP, 10/18/10)

2010        Oct 19, Deutsch Bahn’s high-speed train, ICE-3, became the first German train to pass through the Channel tunnel on its way to London’s St Pancras station.
    (Econ, 10/23/10, p.77)

2010        Oct 26, Germany's Defense Minister said the country will begin a major restructuring of the military next year as it moves from a Cold War conscript army to one better positioned to face today's threats, while also cutting costs.
    (AP, 10/26/10)

2010        Nov 5, In France environmentalists handcuffed themselves in front of a train carrying what activists claim is "the most radioactive ever" cargo of nuclear waste. The shipment was returning German waste for storage after it was treated in France by the Areva group.
    (AFP, 11/6/10)(SFC, 11/6/10, p.A2)

2010        Nov 6, A train carrying what activists claim is "the most radioactive ever" cargo of nuclear waste ran the gauntlet of hundreds of protesters as it crossed the Rhine from France to Germany. The shipment was returning German waste for storage after it was treated in France by the Areva group.
    (AFP, 11/6/10)

2010        Nov 7, In Germany activists rappelled down from a high bridge, broke through police lines and chained themselves to train tracks, trying to halt a shipment of nuclear waste as they protested Chancellor Angela Merkel's plans to keep using nuclear energy.
    (AP, 11/7/10)

2010        Nov 8, In Germany a shipment of nuclear waste arrived at a railway depot in Dannenberg after a nearly three-day trip from France that was regularly disrupted by protests. The waste was set to be loaded onto trucks for the final 12-mile (20-km) leg of the trip to a storage site at Gorleben.
    (AP, 11/8/10)

2010        Nov 13, In Germany a fire at the Karlsruhe zoo killed 26 animals including Shetland ponies, goats, sheep and a llama.
    (AP, 11/13/10)

2010        Nov 15, In Germany a girl (14) was slain in Bodenfelde. On Nov 19 a boy (13) was slain nearby. On June 27, 2011, Jan O. (26), whose last name was withheld in accordance with German privacy laws, was convicted in Goettingen state court of two counts of murder for the slayings and sentenced to life in prison. Jan O., dubbed the "cannibal killer," had confessed to eating the flesh and drinking the blood of one of his teenage victims.
    (www.thelocal.de/society/20101127-31449.html)(AP, 6/27/11)

2010        Nov 17, Germany said it had strong evidence Islamist militants were planning attacks in the next two weeks and ordered security at potential targets such as train stations and airports to be tightened.
    (Reuters, 11/18/10)

2010        Nov 18, In Germany Samuel Kunz (89), one of the world's most-wanted Nazi suspects, died near Bonn. He was under indictment on allegations he was involved in killing hundreds of thousands of Jews at a concentration camp in occupied Poland. Kunz was indicted in July on ten counts of murder and 430,000 counts of accessory to murder on allegations he trained at the SS Trawniki camp in occupied Poland and was sent from there to the Belzec death camp as a guard from January 1942 through July 1943.
    (AP, 11/22/10)

2010        Nov 22, Germany’s defense minister announced that Germany will end conscription in July and switch to a slimmed-down volunteer military service focused on missions abroad.
    (SFC, 11/23/10, p.A2)

2010        Nov 23, Police in Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands arrested at least 10 people on suspicion of planning an Islamist militant attack in Belgium.
    (Reuters, 11/23/10)
2010        Nov 23, A US federal jury in Oakland, Ca., said SAP AG must pay Oracle Corp. $1.3 billion for copyright infringement. In 2011 A US District Judge called the award excessive and reduced it to $272 million.
    (SFC, 11/24/10, p.A1)(SFC, 9/2/11, p.D1)

2010        Nov 28, More than 250,000 classified US State Department documents were released by online whistleblower WikiLeaks. Among the leaked memos was information that Iranian Red Crescent ambulances were used to smuggle weapons to Lebanon's militant Hezbollah group during its 2006 war with Israel. Memos said the "IRC shipments of medical supplies served also to facilitate weapons shipments." Documents also detailed concerns by US officials in Baghdad about Iran’s influence on Iraq. Memos also said King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia had repeatedly urged the United States to attack Iran to destroy its nuclear program to stop Tehran from developing a nuclear weapon. One cable revealed that the US kept nuclear weapons in Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany and Turkey.
    (AP, 11/28/10)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.35)

2010        Dec 2, Heavy snow caused travel chaos across much of northern Europe, keeping London's Gatwick airport closed for a second day and disrupting road and rail travel in France, Germany and Switzerland. Freezing temperatures and often blinding snowfall killed 12 people, 10 in Poland and 2 in Germany. Poland had already reported 8 dead due to the cold. Some of the worst floods in a century devastated parts of the Balkans. Authorities declared a state of emergency in Bosnia, Serbia and Montenegro.
    (Reuters, 12/2/10)(AP, 12/2/10)

2010        Dec 8, German prosecutors filed war crimes charges against two Rwandan men suspected of issuing orders to a mostly ethnic Hutu militia involved in killings of Congolese civilians. Ignace Murwanashyaka (47) and Straton Musoni (49) were charged with crimes against humanity, war crimes and membership in a foreign terrorist group. Murwanashyaka allegedly served as FDLR's president from 2001 and Musoni served as vice president from 2004, and the pair controlled the militia group from Germany.
    (AP, 12/17/10)

2010        Dec 10, A German battalion in a French-German military brigade officially took up arms at a ceremony in eastern France attended by the two countries' defense ministers. This was the first time since World War II that German combat troops were stationed in France, part of a conscious effort to show the two EU powers have forever buried former hatreds.
    (AP, 12/10/10)

2010        Dec 18, Germany’s weekly Der Spiegel reported that local tax authorities recovered 1.6 billion euros this year from citizens who had stashed their cash in secret accounts in Liechtenstein and Switzerland.
    (AFP, 12/18/10)
2010        Dec 18, In eastern Afghanistan NATO troops killed more than 20 insurgents in fighting after a patrol came under fire. German Chancellor Angela Merkel paid an unannounced visit to northern Afghanistan to boost German troops' morale for a war that is deeply unpopular at home and to meet with the Afghan president. a leader of the Haqqani network was killed in an operation by international forces and their Afghan counterparts in the eastern Khost province.
    (AP, 12/18/10)(Reuters, 12/18/10)(AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Dec 21, US tax authorities announced that Deutsche Bank has admitted criminal wrongdoing and agreed to pay more than $550 million in connection with its participation in tax shelters from 1996-2002 that enabled the rich to temporarily avoid paying hundreds of millions of dollars in US taxes.
    (AP, 12/22/10)

2010        Dec 28, German engineering group Siemens said it has won a contract that could be worth some €600 million ($790 million) to supply 258 wind turbines to a US power company.
    (AFP, 12/28/10)

2010        In Germany an 800-page history of the country’s foreign ministry was published: “Das Amt und die Vergangenheit." It was commissioned by the ministry and authored by Eckart Conze, Norbert Frei, Peter Hayes and Moshe Zimmermann.
    (Econ, 10/30/10, p.57)
2010        Ruth H. Sanders authored “German: A Biography of a Language."
    (Econ, 8/7/10, p.86)
2010        Thilo Sarrazin (65), a board member of Germany's august central bank, authored “Deutschland schafft sich ab" (Germany Is Abolishing Itself or "Germany Is Doing Away with Itself), a book claiming German society was being made "dumber" by Muslim immigrants including Turks and others from the former Yugoslavia and the Middle East. It became a runaway best-seller, and cost him his job.
    (AP, 9/15/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thilo_Sarrazin)
2010        Simon Winder, British writer, authored “Germania: In Wayward Pursuit of the Germans and Their History."
    (SFC, 4/16/10, p.F4)
2010        In Abu Dhabi German entrepreneur Thomas Geissler, creator of the "Gold to Go" brand and chief executive of Ex Oriente Lux, installed a money machine at the Emirates Palace hotel  that dispenses pure gold. The cash-for-gold machines were first tested in Germany in 2009.
    (Reuters, 5/13/10)

2011        Jan 7, German authorities stopped more than 4,700 farms from selling their meat and eggs as a precautionary measure after animal feed was found to be contaminated with cancer-causing chemicals. Authorities believed that some 150,000 tons of feed for poultry and swine containing industrial fat has been fed to livestock across Germany. The fat contained dioxins and should not have been in the food.
    (AP, 1/7/11)

2011        Jan 8, A spokesman for Germany's Agriculture Ministry said an overly high concentration of cancer-causing dioxin has for the first time been detected in samples of meat following the discovery that farm animals were fed contaminated feed.
    (AP, 1/8/11)

2011        Jan 10, In Germany melted record December snowfalls across the country caused rivers from the Rhine in the west to the Oder in the east to burst their banks, flooding fields and towns, turning streets into waterways, and leaving one person feared dead.
    (AP, 1/10/11)

2011        Jan 11, German authorities ordered 140 pigs slaughtered after tests showed high levels of cancer-causing dioxin in swine at a farm near Verden that purchased tainted animal feed.
    (SFC, 1/12/11, p.A2)

2011        Jan 13, In Germany a tanker loaded with sulfuric acid capsized on the Rhine river near St. Goarshausen and two crew members were missing. There were no indications that the load was leaking.
    (AP, 1/13/11)

2011        Jan 26, Germany's development ministry said it will halt all payments to a $21.7 billion global health fund until it gets answers about corruption allegations.
    (AP, 1/26/11)

2011        Jan 30, In eastern Germany a head-on collision between a cargo train and a passenger train killed 10 people and injured 23 others. Authorities said they believe the death toll in one of the country's worst train accidents ever could still rise.
    (AP, 1/30/11)

2011        Feb 2, German riot police clearing out one of Berlin's last squats, Liebig 14, clashed with protesters in pitched battles, reviving memories of fights that brought down a local government in 1990. Liebigstrasse 14, occupied in 1990, had 10 flats, artists’ studios and 25 tenants.
    (Reuters, 2/2/11)(Econ, 2/12/11, p.59)

2011        Feb 5, British PM David Cameron, in a speech to the Munich Security Conference, condemned Britain's long-standing policy of multiculturalism as a failure, calling for better integration of young Muslims to combat home-grown extremism. He also said Europe must stamp out intolerance of Western values within its own Muslim communities and far-right groups if it is to defeat the roots of terrorism.
    (AFP, 2/5/11)

2011        Feb 8, In Germany state prosecutors in Wuerzburg said a retired German priest (77) has been charged with 50 counts of fraud over the theft of 1 million euros' ($1.4 million) worth of church donations. The former Roman Catholic priest was detained in May on suspicion of taking donations and collection money from his church in Bavaria.
    (AP, 2/9/11)

2011        Feb 15, In Germany the trial of Detlef S. (48) opened in Koblenz. The man has admitted to fathering seven children with his step-daughter but denied charges that he sexually abused her for more than two decades. He also stood accused of abusing his own daughter and step-son, and forcing both daughters into prostitution.
    (Reuters, 2/15/11)

2011        Feb 16, Google CEO Eric Schmidt unveiled the one-stop payment service, called One Pass, at Berlin's Humboldt University. The announcement came a day after Apple rolled out a long-awaited subscription service for applications designed for its iPhone and iPad. Apple is demanding a 30 percent cut of all subscriptions sold on those mobile apps while Google is charging 10 percent. Schmidt also announced that Google was funding a Berlin-based institute in conjunction with Humboldt University. It would examine the evolution of the Internet and its impact on society.
    (AP, 2/16/11)

2011        Feb 18, Germany’s defense minister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg (39) apologized for individual errors in his doctoral dissertation. He was accused of copying parts of the dissertation he wrote for his university doctorate without correctly attributing them.
    (Reuters, 2/19/11)

2011        Feb 19, German police fired tear gas and water cannons to keep apart groups of far-right supporters and thousands of counterdemonstrators trying to hinder their rally in Dresden. The annual protest rally constitutes one of Europe's biggest far-right gatherings, usually held earlier in February to commemorate the anniversary of a deadly Allied bombing at the end of World War II.
    (AP, 2/19/11)
2011        Feb 19, An Iranian court threw out a 20-month prison sentence for two German journalists arrested after interviewing the son of a woman condemned to die by stoning. Journalist Marcus Hellwig and photographer Jens Koch were released and departed for home.
            (AP, 2/19/11)(AFP, 2/19/11)(AP, 2/5/12)

2011        Feb 22, German authorities arrested two Germans suspected of involvement with the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, a terrorist group suspected of links to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 2/23/11)

2011        Feb 23, France and Germany threatened to hit Libya with EU sanctions for Moammar Gadhafi's fierce crackdown on protesters, while the European Union said the violence in Libya could constitute "crimes against humanity" and urged an independent probe into it.
    (AP, 2/23/11)

2011        Mar 1, German Defense Minister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg resigned after admitting to copying part of a doctoral dissertation, stunning Angela Merkel and depriving her conservatives of their brightest star.
    (Reuters, 3/1/11)
2011        Mar 1, Volkswagen showed a concept version of its iconic microbus van, known by its German nickname, the Bulli, at the Geneva Auto Show. Among the six-seater's modern twists: It's powered by an electric motor and uses an iPad to control the entertainment system, climate control and other functions.
    (AP, 3/1/11)

2011        Mar 2, In Germany a gunman shot dead 2 US airmen at Frankfurt airport. The gunman was identified as Arid Uka (21), a Kosovo national who was working on a short-term contract at the Frankfurt international postal center. The airmen were later identified as Senior Airman Nick Alden (25) of South Carolina and Airman 1st Class Zachary R. Cuddeback (21) of Virginia. On Feb 10, 2012, Uka was convicted and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 3/2/11)(Reuters, 3/3/11)(AP, 3/10/11)

2011        Mar 3, In Germany a former folk music star (65) was sentenced to 9 years in prison for abusing hundreds of underage girls in Thailand by having unprotected sex with them while being HIV-positive. The member of Godewind was accused of 403 cases of unprotected sex the occurred in Pataya between 2005-2009.
    (SFC, 3/4/11, p.A2)

2011        Mar 12, In Germany tens of thousands demonstrated against plans to extend the life of the country’s nuclear power stations, as an explosion at a Japanese nuclear plant sharpened the dispute.
    (SSFC, 3/13/11, p.A4)

2011        Mar 14, German prosecutors formally charged Rami Makanesi, a 25-year-old German-Syrian, with membership in a terrorist organization on allegations he trained with an al-Qaida-linked group in Pakistan. Makanesi was arrested by Pakistani security services last June and extradited to Germany in August. On May 9 he was convicted of membership in a terrorist group and given a prison sentence of four years and nine months.
    (AP, 3/14/11)(AP, 5/9/11)

2011        Mar 15, Chancellor Angela Merkel said Germany will take seven of its 17 reactors offline for three months while the country reconsiders plans to extend the life of its nuclear power plants.
    (AP, 3/15/11)

2011        Mar 19, In Germany Knut, a four-year-old celebrity bear, died in front of hundreds of visitors, taking keepers, animal experts and fans by surprise. Experts later said he drowned after swelling of his brain caused him to collapse and fall into his enclosure's pool.
    (AP, 3/20/11)(AP, 4/1/11)

2011        Mar 20, AT&T said it had agreed to buy T-Mobile USA from Germany's Deutsche Telekom in a $39-billion blockbuster deal enabling it to overtake Verizon as the biggest US wireless provider.
    (AFP, 3/20/11)

2011        Mar 22, A German court jailed Detlef Spies, a former lorry driver, for 14 and a half years for sexually abusing his daughter, stepson and stepdaughter, with whom he fathered eight children. Spies was arrested on August 10, 2010.
    (AFP, 3/22/11)

2011        Mar 23, Germany approved legislation whereby citizens, who were sexually abused as children, will now have up to 30 years after their 21st birthday to bring their alleged attackers before the courts.
    (AP, 3/23/11)

2011        Mar 26, In Germany some 200,000 people turned out in the largest cities to protest against the use of nuclear power in the wake of Japan's Fukushima reactor disaster.
    (AP, 3/26/11)

2011        Mar 28, German Chancellor Angela Merkel pledged to press ahead with a review of nuclear power's future after her coalition suffered a "very painful" defeat in a weekend state election dominated by Japan's nuclear crisis. The anti-nuclear Greens doubled their voter share to 24.2% in Baden-Wuerttenberg state.
    (AP, 3/28/11)(SFC, 3/28/11, p.A3)

2011        Apr 2, In Germany several thousand people took part in nation-wide demonstrations demanding an end to nuclear power.
    (SSFC, 4/3/11, p.A4)

2011        Apr 6, The German government said it is providing an extra euro14 million ($19.9 million) in funding for child immunization in the developing world as part of an agreement with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
    (AP, 4/6/11)

2011        Apr 8, German federal prosecutors announced the espionage charges against the 64-year-old, identified only as L. in line with German privacy laws. Prosecutors allege that L. passed information on Munich's Uighur community to Chinese intelligence between April 2008 and October 2009. They said a week ago that they were pressing similar charges against a Chinese national of Uighur origin.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, In northern Germany a sandstorm caused a highway pileup that left at least 8 people dead and 41 others injured.
    (SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 8, The freighter MV Susan K, operated by a German shipping firm, was hijacked off the coast of Oman. Pirates held the crew hostage for more than two months until their demand for a ransom of $3.5 million was met. In 2015 German authorities arrested a Somali man suspected of being among the pirates who seized the ship.
    (http://tinyurl.com/oy7b5s5)(AP, 8/20/15)

2011        Apr 11, In San Francisco the annual Goldman Environmental prize was awarded 6 people from around the world. The winners included Hilton Kelly for his efforts to cut pollution in Port Arthur, Texas; Francisco Pineda for resisting mining in El Salvador; Ursula Sladek of Germany for creating for reducing her community’s reliance on nuclear power; Prigi Arisandi for her efforts to protect Indonesia’s Surabaya River; Dmitry Lisitsyn for his efforts to protect the Russia’s Sakhalin island; and Raoul du Toit for defending wildlife in Zimbabwe.
    (SFC, 4/11/11, p.A12)

2011        Apr 17, Iran’s Kayhan daily reported that an Iranian military commander has accused German engineering company Siemens of helping the United States and Israel launch the Stuxnet virus, a cyber attack on its nuclear facilities.
    (Reuters, 4/17/11)

2011        Apr 29, In Germany 3 suspected members of the al-Qaida terror organization were arrested. The suspects had been under surveillance since April 15.
    (AP, 4/29/11)

2011        May 1, Germany’s labor market opened to citizens of the eight east European countries the joined the EU in 2004.
    (Econ, 4/30/11, p.54)

2011        May 3, Germany and several other countries launched a campaign to create a human rights logo that would serve as a universal symbol like the peace sign or a heart signifying love.
    (AP, 5/3/11)

2011        May 5, A German-Syrian man, Rami Makanesi, admitted in a Frankfurt court to belonging to a terrorist group and training in an al-Qaida paramilitary camp in Pakistan. He faced up to five years in prison under a plea deal.
    (AP, 5/5/11)

2011        May 12, In Germany retired US autoworker John Demjanjuk (91) was convicted of thousands of counts of acting as an accessory to murder at a Nazi death camp and sentenced on to five years in prison, a groundbreaking verdict that closed one chapter in a decades-long legal battle. Judges ordered him released pending appeal.
    (AP, 5/12/11)

2011        May 15, Germany’s Welt am Sonntag newspaper said the government is prepared to pay a billion euros ($ 1.4 billion) in subsidies over the next two years to help its industry develop electric cars.
    (AFP, 5/15/11)

2011        May 28, German government officials said two more people have died of a bacterial outbreak allegedly caused by contaminated Spanish cucumbers, bringing the number of deaths to nine. Almost 300 people were sick with haemolytic uremic syndrome, or HUS, in recent days. HUS is a rare complication arising from an infection most commonly associated with E. coli, a bacterium found in undercooked beef or contaminated food. Almost a dozen people with HUS have been hospitalized in Sweden in the past two weeks after travel to Germany. In Denmark, eight people are hospitalized with E.coli infection that could be linked to the outbreak. The E. coli was later identified as type O104:H4.
    (AP, 5/28/11)(AP, 5/29/11)(Econ, 6/4/11, p.63)

2011        May 30, Germany's governing coalition said it will shut down all the country's nuclear power plants by 2022. The decision, prompted by Japan's nuclear disaster, will make Germany the first major industrialized nation to go nuclear-free in years.
    (AP, 5/30/11)
2011        May 30, Russia banned the import of all vegetables from Germany and Spain and warned the sanction could soon be applied to the rest of Europe because of the deadly E. coli bacteria scare. German officials suspect the deadly strain, which has already killed 12 people, may have come from organic cucumbers imported from Spain.
    (AFP, 5/30/11)

2011        May 31, Analysts said Germany's plan to shut all its nuclear power plants by 2022 will add up to 40 million tons of CO2 dioxide emissions annually as the country turns to fossil fuels.
    (Reuters, 5/31/11)
2011        May 31, The death from a food-borne bacterial outbreak in Germany rose to 16 with nearly 400 people suffering severe symptoms. Scientists were unsure of which produce and which country was responsible for the unusual E. coli germ.
    (SFC, 6/1/11, p.A2)

2011        May, In Austria a 26-year-old, identified only as Yusuf O., was detained on a German arrest warrant. The German national of Turkish descent was suspected of involvement with the German Taliban Mujahideen, a fundamentalist group that prosecutors say seeks to carry out attacks in Afghanistan and Pakistan and found a "religious fundamentalist society" there.
    (AP, 6/18/11)

2011        Jun 2, Spain's prime minister hit out at the European Commission and Germany for singling out the country's produce as a possible source of a deadly bacterial outbreak in Europe, and said the government would demand explanations and reparations. The World Health Organization said the E. coli bacteria responsible for a mysterious outbreak that has left 18 people dead and sickened hundreds is a new strain that has never been seen before. The illness had now spread to at least 10 European countries and fanned uncertainty about eating tomatoes, cucumbers and lettuce.
    (AP, 6/2/11)

2011            Jun 5, The German government said they believed a deadly outbreak of E.coli that killed as many as 22 people appeared to be linked to an organic farm near the city of Hamburg, where bean sprouts were grown. The farm was ordered to shut down immediately and its produce was recalled from markets.
            (AP, 6/5/11)

2011           Jun 6, German officials retracted their assertion that the E.coli epidemic was caused by bean sprouts from an organic farm. They said there was not enough data to determine if the farm was in fact the source of the deadly outbreak, which sickened people all over Europe and resulted in twenty-two deaths.
            (AP, 6/6/11)

2011        Jun 7, Pres. Obama honored German Chancellor Angela Merkel, by presenting her with the Medal of Freedom. Merkel, chancellor since 2005, grew up under Communism and lived to see the rise of democracy in her country; she is Germany’s first woman leader.
            (LAT, 6/7/2011)

2011        Jun 9, German authorities reported that 3 more people have died from E. coli raising the toll to 29 in less than 6 weeks.
    (SFC, 6/10/11, p.A2)

2011        Jun 10, Laboratory tests have determined that the E. coli epidemic in Germany and parts of Europe was in fact caused by contaminated bean sprouts from an organic farm. German authorities had been forced to retract their assertion that the sprouts were to blame, but now, high-tech laboratory testing proved that the sprouts were the culprit in the outbreak that has killed 31 people and sickened nearly 3,000 Germans.
            (AP, 6/10/11)(SFC, 6/11/11, p.A3)

2011            Jun 13, At a photo opportunity in Hessen, Germany, a quick-thinking pilot of the Goodyear Blimp saved lives as he lost his own in a fiery crash. Pilot Mike Nerandzic was in the air allowing journalists to take pictures for a road safety campaign when the blimp began to experience problems. Nerandzic flew low enough for journalists in the blimp to escape, but then the blimp burst into flames; the pilot managed to direct it away from onlookers and camera crews before it crashed, killing him.
    (Yahoo News, 6/14/11)(http://tinyurl.com/5vamoyy)

2011        Jun 16, In France a 7th child was hospitalized with an E. coli infection after eating meat that manufacturers said could come from Germany, where an outbreak of the bacteria has killed 37 people.
    (AFP, 6/16/11)

2011        Jun 20, RIKEN and Fujitsu took first place on the 37th TOP500 list at the 26th International Supercomputing Conference (ISC'11) held in Hamburg, Germany. This ranking is based on a performance measurement of the "K computer," currently under their joint development.

2011        Jun 23, Germany's national disease control center said the death toll from Europe's E. coli outbreak has risen to 43, up from 39 a day earlier. One person has died in Sweden.
    (AP, 6/23/11)

2011        Jun 25, In Paris tens of thousands turned out for a gay pride parade. In Germany thousands packed downtown Berlin for the 33rd annual CSD (Christopher Street Day) festival, an annual European LGBT celebration and demonstration held in various cities across Europe for the rights of LGBT people.
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A10)

2011        Jun 27, Germany's national disease control center said the death toll from the E. coli outbreak has risen to 47 including one person in Sweden.
    (AP, 6/27/11)

2011        Jun 30, The German parliament approved government plan to shut down nuclear power plants by 2022.
    (AP, 6/30/11)

2011        Jul 2, In Germany Wladimir Klitschko of the Ukraine became the undisputed world heavyweight champion by beating Great Britain's David Haye on a unanimous points decision at Hamburg's football stadium.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jul 2, Der Spiegel reported that Germany has agreed to sell 200 Leopard tanks to Saudi Arabia.

2011        Jul 5, The EU announced action against Egyptian bean and seed imports, after tests indicated that a 15-ton batch of Egyptian fenugreek seeds imported in 2009 to Germany and then distributed elsewhere was at the root of an E.coli outbreak that killed 50 people.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)

2011        Jul 12, In Germany a plane being used by Thailand's Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn was been impounded as part of a long-running battle over payments for a building project in Thailand. The Thai government allegedly owed the now-bankrupt German construction firm Walter Bau AG builder 30 million euros because of a contract agreed to more than 20 years ago to build and operate a toll highway to Bangkok's Don Muang airport. On July 20 a German court ordered the release of the impounded jet upon receipt of a hefty bank guarantee. On July 21 Thailand's foreign minister ruled out paying a multi-million dollar bank guarantee to secure the release of the prince's jet.
    (AP, 7/13/11)(AFP, 7/20/11)(AFP, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 12, In Italy Giovanni Strangio, the ringleader of a gangland style massacre of six people in Germany, was convicted and sentenced to life in prison for the Aug 15, 2007, attack that highlighted the international reach of Italy's Calabrian mafia. He was one of eight people convicted and given Italy's stiffest sentence for their roles in the violent feud that culminated in Duisburg. Three other people were convicted and sentenced to terms ranging from nine to 12 years, while three more were acquitted.
    (AP, 7/12/11)

2011        Jul 13, German Chancellor Angela Merkel visited Angola and sparked controversy over an offer to sell six to eight patrol vessels to Luanda.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)

2011        Jul 14, German Chancellor Angela Merkel met the president of oil-and-gas rich Nigeria after her trip to Angola the previous day sparked controversy over an offer to sell patrol boats.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, Chinese dissident artist Ai Weiwei said he had accepted a job at an art university in Germany, as he battles charges of massive tax evasion after nearly three months in police detention.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, Switzerland suspended imports of some seeds, beans and sprouts from Egypt, after the EU blamed Egyptian fenugreek seeds for E.coli outbreaks in Germany and France. The temporary ban would expire in October 31, 2011, in line with the EU's suspension.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)

2011        Jul 15, Christian Emde (28) and Robert Baum (24) were arrested in the English port town of Dover. In 2012 the 2 German men pleaded guilty to possessing information useful for terrorist acts. Emde was sentenced to 16 months in jail, Baum to 12 months.
    (AP, 2/6/12)

2011        Jul 24, Germany said that it is loaning Libya's rebel leadership €100 million ($144 million) to help with the country's rebuilding and humanitarian needs.
    (AP, 7/24/11)

2011        Aug 1, In Germany a Berlin state court ordered breweries to stop advertising beer as something good for peoples’ looks and health.
    (SFC, 8/2/11, p.A2)

2011        Aug 17, In Germany vandals set fire to 18 cars parked in residential Berlin neighborhoods overnight. Vandals had torched 11 cars the previous evening. Police believed the arsons were politically motivated. Chancellor Angela Merkel's Cabinet approved a four-year extension for a package of terrorism-fighting measures enacted after the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks.
    (AP, 8/17/11)

2011        Aug 16, French President Nicolas Sarkozy and Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel called for greater economic and political unity among the 17 nations that share the euro.
    (AP, 8/17/11)

2011        Aug 18, In Germany 9 cars were torched in Berlin in the third consecutive night of arson attacks that have outraged Germans and drawn condemnation from Chancellor Angela Merkel. Police offered a euro5,000 ($7,180) reward to anyone who helps them find the perpetrators.
    (AP, 8/18/11)

2011        Aug 23, German police said 11 more cars were burned overnight in Berlin, the latest in a string of attacks that have seen more-than 300 cars damaged since the beginning of the year. 401 cars were torched in 2009 and 250 in 2010.
    (AP, 8/23/11)(Econ, 8/27/11, p.45)

2011        Sep 1, The German city of Bonn was reported to have started collecting taxes from prostitutes with an automated pay station. The tick machine printed receipts for nightly flat fees of 6 euros for the privilege of streetwalking.
    (SFC, 9/1/11, p.A2)

2011        Sep 3, German police in the western city of Dortmund moved in after members of a roughly 1,000-strong group of "left-wing extremists" attacked officers and police vehicles. Thousands of demonstrators had turned out in Dortmund to protest against a planned march by far-right supporters. Police said about 400 people turned out for the far-right event.
    (AP, 9/3/11)

2011        Sep 13, In Germany Nuremberg prosecutors said they have charged a 69-year-old man with 497 counts of rape over allegations that he abused his daughter for 34 years and fathered three sons by her.
    (AP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 22, Pope Benedict XVI warned Germans of the danger of ignoring religion as he began the first state visit to his homeland, seeking to stem the tide of Catholics leaving the church while acknowledging the damage caused by the clerical sex abuse scandal.
    (AP, 9/22/11)

2011        Sep 27, In Germany an artist identified as Wolfgang B. (60), admitted in court that he faked 14 modern paintings that sold for millions of dollars. 4 people were accused of fraud totaling $22 million in the case in Cologne.
    (SFC, 9/28/11, p.A4)

2011        Sep 30, Namibian tribal leaders took possession of the skulls of 20 of their countrymen, taken by German colonial forces more than a century ago for racial experiments. The 9 Herero and 11 Nama skulls, four females and 16 male, had arrived in Berlin, between 1909-1914. Germany's colonial power in Africa included the bloody suppression of a Herero and Nama uprising between 1904 and 1908 that left tens of thousands dead.
    (AP, 9/30/11)

2011        Oct 10, In Germany an arson attack on Berlin's busy central train station was thwarted after railway employees discovered a device set to explode. The tabloid Bild reported that a leftist group calling itself the "Hekla Reception Committee — Initiative for more Eruptions in Society," in an apparent reference to Iceland's Hekla volcano, claimed responsibility. It said this was a protest against Germany's military engagement in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 10/10/11)

2011        Oct 11, German Chancellor Angela Merkel met with her Vietnamese counterpart, PM Nguyen Tan Dung, as part of a two-day visit to boost trade ties with the Communist country.
    (AP, 10/11/11)
2011        Oct 11, In Germany an attempted arson attack on a railway link in Berlin with three separate explosives devices was thwarted. It was the third in two days targeting railway operations in and around the capital.
    (AP, 10/11/11)

2011        Oct 13, German police found bottles filled with a potentially explosive mix of liquid and powder beside train tracks in southwestern Berlin, the 16th firebomb discovered in four days.
    (AP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 14, In Germany Greenpeace launched a new Rainbow Warrior. The $33 million schooner replaces its battered 50-year-old boat, which saw numerous encounters with whalers, seal hunters and illegal loggers. The first Rainbow Warrior was sunk by French intelligence agents in a New Zealand harbor in 1985 for opposing nuclear testing. The second Rainbow Warrior was retired this year to become a hospital ship in Bangladesh.
    (AP, 10/14/11)

2011        Oct 19, The German Aerospace Center said its retired ROSAT satellite, the size of a minivan, is hurtling toward the atmosphere and pieces of it could crash into the Earth as early as Oct 21. The 2.69-ton (2.4 metric ton) satellite was launched in 1990 and retired in 1999 after being used for research on black holes and neutron stars and performing the first all-sky survey of X-ray sources with an imaging telescope.
    (AP, 10/19/11)

2011        Oct 23, Germany’s retired research ROSAT satellite crashed into Earth at 0150 GMT somewhere in the Bay of Bengal between India and Myanmar.
    (AP, 10/25/11)

2011        Oct 27, A German court in Cologne sentenced art forger Wolfgang Beltracchi (60) to 6 years in jail for painting 14 works, which were sold as masterpieces for at least $14 million. His three accomplices received a total of 9 years in jail. The court dropped investigations into at least 40 more suspected fakes because of statutes of limitations.
    (SFC, 10/28/11, p.A2)(SFC, 11/10/11, p.A8)

2011        Oct, In Germany Andreas and Heidrun Anschlag, only the fake names on the fake Austrian passports they used to enter Germany, were arrested and charged with spying for Russia over a period of 20 years. Their trial opened on Jan 15, 2012.
    (AP, 1/15/13)

2011        Nov 4, In Germany Uwe Boehnhardt (34) and Uwe Mundlos (38), founders of the National Socialist Underground, died in an apparent murder-suicide as authorities closed in on them in Eisenach. Beate Zschape, their female comrade, turned herself in after torching the group’s home in Zwicke, Saxony. The NSU allegedly killed 10 people from 2000 to 2007 while its members were being sought for other crimes.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Socialist_Underground)(Eon, 11/19/11, p.57)(AP, 9/16/12)
2011        Nov 4, British Airways owner IAG said it has agreed to buy Lufthansa's UK unit bmi in a bid to squeeze more growth from its capacity constrained Heathrow hub and expand services to emerging markets in Asia and Latin America.
    (Reuters, 11/4/11)

2011        Nov 10, In Germany some 300 police officers searched the headquarters of Heckler & Koch amid allegations the German arms maker bribed Mexican officials in connection with arms deliveries between 2005 and 2010. Heckler & Koch was also under investigation following the discovery of its assault rifles in Libya.
    (AP, 11/10/11)

2011        Nov 11, Polish police arrested 210 people during Independence Day marches that turned violent, and that nearly half of them were Germans. 40 police officers were injured and 14 police cars destroyed. Far-right protesters, football hooligans and anarchists from Germany were blamed.
    (AP, 11/12/11)

2011        Nov 12, In Germany some 9,000 people rallied in Frankfurt near the EU’s Central Bank office calling for an end to excesses of financial speculation and urging the government to dismantle big banks.
    (SSFC, 11/13/11, p.A8)

2011        Nov 13, German police arrested a new suspect, Holger G. (37), following the discovery of an extremist group, labeled the National Socialist Underground, believed to have killed 10 people in what the country's top security official called "a new form of far right terrorism." Prosecutors suspect the “Zwickau cell," which was discovered only last week, of having murdered eight people of Turkish origin, one Greek national and a German policewoman over the past decade.
    (AP, 11/13/11)(Econ, 2/4/12, p.54)

2011        Nov 14, German prosecutors formally arrested Beate Z. (36), a woman suspected of co-founding a far-right terror organization that authorities say murdered 10 people, amid mounting criticism of security authorities for their failure to act sooner. She turned herself in last week.
    (AP, 11/14/11)

2011        Nov 18, In Germany a 52-vehicle pileup on the A31 autobahn near the town of Gronau in the northwest left three people dead and 35 injured.
    (AP, 11/19/11)

2011        Nov 23, Global stocks fell again following figures a day earlier that showed the US economy grew less than anticipated in the third quarter and the surprising news that Germany failed to raise as much money as it was looking for in an auction of its supposedly top-rated debt.
    (AP, 11/23/11)

2011        Nov 25, A shipment of nuclear waste reprocessed in France crossed into Germany on its way to a controversial storage site near the town of Dannenberg that protesters say is unsafe.
    (AP, 11/25/11)
2011        Nov 25, In Mali gunmen killed a German man in Timbuktu and seized three men from the Netherlands, South Africa and Sweden. Officials the next day ordered a plane to evacuate foreigners from the tourist destination.
    (AP, 11/26/11)

2011        Nov 29, German police arrested Ralf Wohlleben (36), a right-wing extremist on suspicion he helped arm a small group of neo-Nazis accused of a string of killings of minorities and a policewoman.
    (AP, 11/29/11)

2011        Nov 30, A senior German official said the government has approved the subsidized sale of another Dolphin-type military submarine to Israel. Israel already has 3 Dolphin submarines from Germany, one half-funded and two entirely funded by Berlin.
    (AP, 11/30/11)
2011        Nov 30, Germany's top administrative court ruled that students don't have the right to pray while in school if a conflict is created. This upheld a decision by a lower court which had denied that right to a Muslim student who had demanded a private prayer room at his Berlin high school.
    (AP, 11/30/11)

2011        Dec 1, Berlin-based Transparency International (TI) said corruption is hampering efforts to tackle the eurozone debt crisis, as Greece (80) and Italy (69) scored badly in a list of nations seen to be the most sleaze-ridden. Nepal ranked 154th out of 183 countries. New Zealand ranked the cleanest, while the US ranked 24th. Afghanistan ranked 180.
    (AFP, 12/1/11)(cpi.transparency.org/cpi2011/results/)(AFP, 12/11/11)
2011        Dec 1, Christa Wolf (b.1929), East German writer, died. Her first novel “Divided Heaven" (1963) was translated to English in 2013 under the title “They Divided the Sky." Her last novel “City of Angels" was also translated into English in 2013. In 1993 Wolf was revealed to have been an informer for the Stasi, East Germany’s secret police.
    (Econ, 7/13/13, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christa_Wolf)

2011        Dec 2, Britain’s PM David Cameron held emergency talks with French President Nicolas Sarkozy, while France and Germany tried to drum up support for a new EU treaty to enforce budget discipline.
    (AFP, 12/2/11)

2011        Dec 5, In Bonn, Germany, a global conference on Afghanistan's future opened. It was overshadowed by the absence of key regional player Pakistan. The US and other nations vowed to keep supporting Afghanistan after most foreign forces leave the country in 2014.
    (AP, 12/5/11)
2011        Dec 5, France and Germany reached a compromise agreement to seek mandatory limits on budget deficits among debt-laden European governments.
    (SFC, 12/6/11, p.A9)

2011        Dec 8, A German man (27) was arrested by a police special-ops team in the western city of Bochum on charges he was part of an al-Qaida bomb plot in Europe. Suspect Halil S. is accused of being part of the so-called "Duesseldorf Cell." The group was allegedly plotting the bombing before its three main members were swept up by police in April. Another suspect, identified only as Florian M., was arrested in Kiel on charges of involvement with Halil S.'s criminal activities.
    (AP, 12/8/11)
2011        Dec 8, German authorities said a letter bomb has been intercepted by Deutsche Bank employees intended to chief executive Josef Ackerman. They it was apparently sent by an Italian anarchist organization.
    (SFC, 12/9/11, p.A4)

2011        Dec 9, Germany, the United States and nine other nations signed an agreement that expands access to the International Tracing Service (ITS),  a unique Holocaust-era archive.
    (AP, 12/9/11)

2011        Dec 10, In Germany a man dressed as Santa drugged a girl (15) at a Berlin Christmas market. 9 other people at various Berlin Christmas markets have fallen prey to similar attack.
    (AP, 12/12/11)

2011        Dec 19, The Air Berlin group, Germany's 2nd-largest airline, said United Arab Emirates airline, Etihad, is to pay 72.9 million euros ($95 million) to become its biggest shareholder.
    (AP, 12/19/11)

2011        Dec 19, Members of an Australian class action lawsuit, who blame a German pharmaceutical company's anti-morning sickness drug, Thalidomide, for causing birth defects, won the right to have their case heard in their own country. The class action against Grunenthal is open to Australians born between Jan. 1, 1958, and Dec. 31, 1970, who were injured after their mothers took thalidomide while pregnant.
    (AP, 12/19/11)

2011        Dec 26, A British-registered ship, the M/S Thor Liberty, held in a Finnish port after authorities discovered 69 surface-to-air missiles and 160 tons of explosives onboard, received permission to travel again, but without those materials or its captain. The Patriot missiles were an official shipment from Germany to South Korea. Finnish authorities said the explosives were a legitimate shipment for China, but the missiles lacked proper transit documents, and the explosives weren't safely stored. On Jan 4 the Finnish government authorized the transport.
    (AP, 12/26/11)(AP, 1/4/12)

2011        Filiz Gelowicz, a German woman, was convicted of supporting a foreign terrorist network. Her husband was among a group convicted of plotting unsuccessfully to attack US soldiers and citizens in Germany. German officials released Gelowicz from prison in late April, 2012, on probation after she served two-thirds of her sentence.
    (AP, 5/31/12)
2011        Schmallenberg virus - named after the German town where it was first detected - infected sheep and cows on at least 2,600 farms in eight EU countries in 2011. In 2013 British farmers became the first in Europe to get a new vaccine, made by Merck, against the virus.
    (Reuters, 5/20/13)

2012        Jan 1, In central Germany a Syrian man was been fatally shot by two people who fired at him as his car stopped at a traffic light in Sarstedt town.
    (AP, 1/2/12)

2012        Jan 7, In Germany a few hundred protesters gathered outside the president's palace in Berlin to call for President Christian Wulff to quit amid a scandal involving a loan and a furious call to a newspaper.
    (AP, 1/7/12)

2012        Jan 11, In Germany a 54-year-old defendant shot and killed a prosecutor (31) during his trial in the Munich area. The alleged shooter, a resident of Dachau, was on trial over claims he paid his employees improper wages.
    (AP, 1/11/12)

2012        Jan 12, In Germany a 46-year-old priest, who has been suspended, went on trial at the state court in Braunschweig. The Roman Catholic priest has admitted to 280 counts of sexually abusing three boys over a several-year period.
    (AP, 1/13/12)

2012        Jan 25, German police raided the homes of four alleged supporters of the Nationalist Socialist Underground group, a neo-Nazi group linked to the killings of nine immigrants and a policewoman over the past decade.
    (AP, 1/25/12)
2012        Jan 25, Corporate leaders gathered in Davos, Switzerland, for the annual World Economic Forum. Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany was the opening speaker.
    (Econ, 1/21/12, p.76)(Econ, 1/28/12, p.51)

2012        Jan 26, A German court convicted a Roman Catholic priest (46) of some 250 counts of sexually abusing children over a several-year period and sentenced him to six years in prison. He was found guilty of abusing three boys aged 9 to 15 between 2004 and 2011.
    (AP, 1/26/12)

2012        Feb 3, The UN's highest court confirmed that Germany has legal immunity from being sued in foreign courts by victims of World War II Nazi atrocities.
    (AP, 2/3/12)

2012        Feb 4, German Chancellor Angela Merkel wrapped up a 3-day visit to China where she tried to reassure her hosts on the strength of the euro and Europe's ability to overcome its debt crisis. She expressed regret that Chinese police blocked a human rights lawyer from meeting her and said the Communist government should have the confidence to allow dissent.
    (AFP, 2/4/12)(AP, 2/4/12)

2012        Feb 17, Germany’s conservative Pres. Christian Wulff resigned over allegedly receiving favors while he was governor of Lower Saxony state. The opposition proposed Joachim Gauck to replace Wulff. A federal assembly was expected to elect Gauck in March.
    (AP, 2/18/12)(SFC, 2/18/12, p.A2)(Econ, 2/25/12, p.64)

2012        Feb, German prosecutors entered the Munich flat of Cornelius Gurlitt and found numerous works of modern art masters that included paintings confiscated from German museums during WWII as degenerate art.
    (Econ, 11/30/13, p.51)

2012        Mar 9, Germany’s Bild daily proclaimed that a bare-breasted front page blond would be the Berlin paper’s last of more than 5,000 women who have appeared since 1984.
    (SFC, 3/10/12, p.A2)

2012        Mar 16, Germany's top federal appeals court ruled that a Berlin museum must return to Peter Sachs (74), a Jewish man from the US, thousands of rare posters that were seized from his father by the Gestapo, saying that for the institution to keep them would be perpetuating the crimes of the Nazis.
    (AP, 3/16/12)

2012        Mar 17, John Demjanjuk, a retired US autoworker, died in the southern Bavarian town of Bad Feilnbach. He was convicted last May of being a guard at the Nazis' Sobibor death camp despite steadfastly maintaining over three decades of legal battles that he had been mistaken for someone else. His conviction helped set new German legal precedent, being the first time someone was convicted solely on the basis of serving as a camp guard, with no evidence of being involved in a specific killing.
    (AP, 3/17/12)

2012        Mar 18, German lawmakers elected Joachim Gauck (72), a former Lutheran pastor and advocate of civil rights, as the new president.
    (SFC, 3/19/12, p.A2)

2012        Apr 8, Israel declared German author Gunter Grass persona non grata over a poem the deeply criticized Israel’s nuclear program and suggested it much a danger as Iran.
    (SFC, 4/9/12, p.A2)

2012        Apr 18, The German government approved an extension of the EU's anti-piracy operation off the Horn of Africa to include targeting equipment stored on Somali beaches.
    (AFP, 4/18/12)

2012        Apr 28, In Germany some 2,000 members of the new Pirates’ party gathered in the northern city of Neumuenster to discuss the group's growth, new polls predicted it would win seats in two more state legislatures in May.
    (AP, 4/28/12)

2012        May 1, German police arrested 30 protesters of an ultra-conservative Muslim group after clashing with security officials. A group of Salafists protesting against a far-right march threw stones and attacked officers separating the two rallies in the western German city of Solingen.
    (AFP, 5/1/12)

2012        May 10, In Germany photographer Horst Fass, 2-time Pulitzer winner, died in Munich. He earned the Pulitzers for combat photos from Vietnam in 1965 and from Bangladesh in 1972.
    (SSFC, 5/13/12, p.C5)

2012        May 13, Voters in Germany's most populous state inflicted an embarrassingly heavy defeat on Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives and strengthened a regional government that the German leader's party had portrayed as irresponsibly spendthrift. The center-left Social Democrats and Greens, Germany's main opposition parties, won combined support of 50.4 percent in the election in North Rhine-Westphalia.
    (AP, 5/14/12)
2012        May 13, In Germany veteran anti-whaling campaigner Paul Watson, a Canadian national, was detained in Frankfurt on charges stemming from a high seas confrontation over shark finning in 2002. The founder of marine conservation group Sea Shepherd remained in custody a day after his arrest on a warrant from Costa Rica. Watson skipped bail on July 22 and fled the country. In August Interpol issued an international notice for his arrest.
    (AFP, 5/14/12)(AFP, 8/8/12)

2012        May 18, In Germany baritone Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (b.1925), acclaimed as one of the world’s greatest singers, died at his home in Bavaria.
    (SFC, 5/22/12, p.C5)(Econ, 5/26/12, p.90)

2012        May 19, In Germany some 20,000 held a rally of the local Occupy movement in Frankfurt to decry austerity measures, the dominance of banks and “untamed capitalism."
    (SSFC, 5/20/12, p.A4)

2012        Jun 4, Canadian murder suspect, Luka Rocco Magnotta, was caught at a cafe in Berlin, after evading police for days while he partied in Paris. He was deported back to Canada on June 18.
    (AP, 6/6/12)(Reuters, 6/19/12)

2012        Jun 10, In Germany Col. James Johnson III, former commander of the U.S. Army's 173rd Airborne Brigade, began to face court martial proceedings in Kaiserslautern. He was suspected of fraud, bigamy, conduct unbefitting an officer and other charges related to an alleged long-term extra-marital affair he had with a woman he met in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/10/12)

2012        Jun 21, A group of Venezuelan Indians demanded that Germany give back a 35-ton boulder, the so-called "Kueka Stone," that they say is sacred. Artist Wolfgang Kraker von Schwarzenfeld brought the sandstone boulder to Germany in 1997 and says it was given as a gift. He says Pemon Indians had helped him select the rock and questions whether it was considered sacred.
    (AP, 6/21/12)

2012        Jun 26, A German court ruled that circumcising young boys on religious grounds amounts to grievous bodily harm, in a landmark decision that the Jewish community said trampled on parents' religious rights.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)

2012        Jun 27, In Germany banker Gerhard Gribkowsky was found guilty in Munich of receiving corrupt payments in 2005 from Bernie Ecclestone, the boss of the Formula One Group, as Formula One was sold to CVC Capital, a private equity firm.
    (Econ, 7/28/12, p.58)

2012        Jul 4, In southern Germany police commandos stormed a Karlsruhe apartment after a hostage standoff and found five bodies, including that of the gunman. The man had opened fire when a bailiff and others went to his apartment to eject him for failing to pay his rent.
    (AP, 7/4/12)

2012        Aug 6, German police removed anti-capitalist protesters from an Occupy Frankfurt camp set up almost 10 months ago next to the European Central Bank headquarters.
    (SFC, 8/7/12, p.A2)

2012        Aug 13, Germany’s Munich Re, the world's largest reinsurer, said it has acquired three wind parks in Britain as part of a 2.5-billion-euro ($3.0-billion) investment in renewable energies.
    (AFP, 8/13/12)

2012        Aug 21, In Germany a trial opened in Koblenz for 26 alleged neo-Nazis on accusations they were responsible for a spate of attacks on leftists.
    (AP, 8/21/12)

2012        Aug 23, In Germany more than 900 police officers raided homes and clubhouses of suspected neo-Nazis in a crackdown in North Rhine-Westphalia, seizing far-right propaganda material, computer hard drives and a wide variety of weapons.
    (AP, 8/23/12)

2012        Aug 25, In Germany a tiger escaped its enclosure at the Cologne Zoo and killed a female keeper (43) before being shot dead.
    (SSFC, 8/26/12, p.A5)

2012        Aug 31, In Germany Lufthansa flight attendants walked off the job for eight hours at Frankfurt airport, causing the cancellation of more than 220 flights. Their union warned of more stoppages unless the airline gives in to its demands.
    (AP, 8/31/12)
2012        Aug 31, In Germany Grunenthal chief executive Harald Stock  said in a speech that his company, the maker of thalidomide, was "very sorry" for its silence towards the victims of the drug, which was sold to pregnant women as a cure for morning sickness in the 1950s and early 1960s. An estimated 10,000 children worldwide were born with defects -- including missing limbs. It was pulled from the market in 1961.
    (AFP, 8/31/12)

2012        Sep 4, The foreign ministers of Germany and Pakistan signed an agreement in which the two countries committed to a "strategic dialogue" on security issues, particularly regarding Afghanistan.
    (AP, 9/4/12)
2012        Sep 4, Volkswagen AG unveiled the latest version of its mainstay Golf hatchback at a Berlin museum, ahead of its premiere later this month at the Paris Auto Show. This was the 7th edition of the model introduced in 1974.
    (AP, 9/4/12)

2012        Sep 7, Lufthansa canceled hundreds of flights after flight attendants walked off the job at airports around the country in an escalating battle with Germany's largest airline. Signs emerged that the two sides may be prepared to return to the negotiating table.
    (AP, 9/7/12)

2012        Sep 12, Germany’s constitutional court gave a qualified yes to the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), a big rescue fund for troubled members of the Eurozone.
    (Economist, 9/15/12, p.49)

2012        Sep 23, It was reported that Germany has launched a war crimes investigation against Johann Breyer, (b.1925) a Philadelphia man it accuses of serving as an SS guard at the Auschwitz death camp.
    (AP, 9/23/12)

2012        Sep 26, Germany's top administrative court ruled that Catholics who opt out of paying religious taxes must automatically leave the church as well. Germany's bishops announced last week that believers who refuse to pay the tax are committing a "grave lapse" and as a result won't be able to receive the sacrament, become godparents or have a religious funeral.
    (AP, 9/26/12)

2012        Oct 3, Cellphone companies T-Mobile USA and MetroPCS Communications announced plans to merge. Deutsche Telekom AG, the owner of T-Mobile USA, will hold 74 percent of the new business.
    (AP, 10/3/12)

2012        Oct 9, German chancellor Angela Merkel visited Greece and said the country has covered "much of the ground" required for recovery. Her arrival triggered protests attended by some 50,000 demonstrators in Athens.
    (AP, 10/9/12)

2012        Oct 10, Germany’s Cabinet approved a law allowing male circumcision under medical supervision. Parliament still needed to pass the legislation.
    (SFC, 10/11/12, p.A2)

2012        Oct 24, Germany opened a long-awaited memorial to the hundreds of thousands of Gypsies, or Roma, who were killed by the Nazis in what one survivor called "the forgotten Holocaust" — and pledged to fight the discrimination the minority still faces in Europe today.
    (AP, 10/24/12)

2012        Oct 29, Berlin authorities shot and killed a 120 kg (265-pound) wild boar after it attacked and injured 4 people including a police officer in a residential neighborhood.
    (AP, 10/30/12)

2012        Oct 29, German police arrested a French citizen (37) wanted by Moroccan authorities in connection with the May 16, 2003, bombings in Casablanca that killed 45 people including a dozen suicide bombers.
    (SFC, 10/31/12, p.A2)

2012        Nov 15, German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble signed off officially on revisions to the original 1952 Holocaust compensation treaty, increasing pensions for those living in eastern Europe and broadening who is eligible for payments. Contributions to home care for survivors already have been increased.
    (AP, 11/15/12)

2012        Nov 26, In Germany 14 people were killed and eight injured when a fire broke out at a workshop for disabled people in Titisee-Neustadt in the Black Forest region. Scores had to be rescued from the building as it quickly filled with smoke.
    (AP, 11/27/12)

2012        Dec 6, German federal prosecutors charged 2 Iranian men with allegedly smuggling dozens of German-made aircraft motors to Iran to be used in its Ababil III surveillance and attack drone.
    (AP, 2/20/13)

2012        Dec 10, Germany said it has expelled four employees of the Syrian embassy in Berlin in a diplomatic move to put pressure on the regime of President Bashar Assad.
    (AP, 12/10/12)

2012        Dec 12, German lawmakers in the Bundestag passed legislation ensuring parents the right to have their boys circumcised. The upper house, Bundesrat, was expected to also pass it.
    (SFC, 12/13/12, p.A5)

2012        Dec 13, The European Court of Human Rights ruled in favor of Khaled El-Masri, a German man, who says the CIA illegally kidnapped him and took him to a secret prison in Afghanistan in 2003. It said the government of Macedonia violated El-Masri's rights repeatedly and ordered it to pay €60,000 in damages.
    (AP, 12/13/12)

2012        Dec 19, Former German Defense Minister Peter Struck (69), a vehement opponent of the 2003 US-led invasion of Iraq, died following a heart attack.
    (AP, 12/19/12)

2012        Germanys’ Bild am Sonntag reported that Saudi Arabia wanted to buy 600-800 Leopard battle tanks from Germany, more than twice as many as originally envisaged.
    (AFP, 4/13/14)
2012        Britain asked Germany’s national security agency (BND) to tap data pipes and swap information in an operation code-named “monkey-shoulder." This was stopped by Pres. Gerhard Schindler in 2013.
    (Econ, 6/6/15, p.41)

2013        Jan 16, A Germany court in Regensburg fined British bishop Richard Williamson $2,400 for denying the Holocaust in a television interview some 4 years ago.
    (SFC, 1/17/13, p.A2)

2013        Jan 21, In Germany passengers suffered delays and flight cancellations at Frankfurt airport, Europe's third busiest, after freezing rain had forced the airport to shut late on Jan 20.
    (Reuters, 1/21/13)
2013        Jan 21, German customs officials at Duesseldorf airport found a check in Venezuelan currency worth $70 million in the luggage of Tahmasb Mazaheri, Iran's former central bank chief, upon his arrival from Turkey. Mazaheri told authorities the money was to be used for the construction of 10,000 apartments funded by the Venezuelan government. The newspaper Bild am Sonntag reported the story in its Sunday Feb 3 edition.
    (AP, 2/4/13)

2013        Jan 22, French and German Cabinets held a joint meeting before both countries' Parliaments met in the landmark Reichstag building to mark the anniversary of the signing of the 1963 Elysee Treaty, a milestone for two countries that had fought three wars in 70 years.
    (AP, 1/22/13)

2013        Jan 30, Egypt's Islamist Pres. Morsi, on a one-day visit to Berlin to seek support to rebuild a crumbling Egyptian economy, turned aside repeated criticism of his past comments referring to Jews as "the descendants of apes and pigs," insisting that the remarks were taken out of context and were aimed at criticizing Israeli attacks on Palestinians.
    (AP, 1/3o/13)

2013        Jan 31, Germany's Parliament voted to extend the country's military mission in Afghanistan by 13 months.
    (AP, 1/31/13)

2013        Jan, In Germany Ulrich Hoeness, former soccer star, turned himself in for hiding a Swiss bank account from German tax authorities. He payed more than €3 million ($3.9m) in back taxes.
    (Econ, 4/27/13, p.52)

2013        Feb 5, Germany's education minister Annette Schavan (57) was stripped of her doctorate after a committee of academics concluded that she plagiarized substantial parts of her 1980 thesis, which dealt with the formation of conscience. Schavan resigned on Feb 9.
    (AP, 2/5/13)(AP, 2/9/13)

2013        Feb 13, In Dresden, Germany, over 10,000 anti-fascist activists massed to block a neo-Nazi march on the anniversary of the 1945 bombing of Dresden.
    (SFC, 2/14/13, p.A7)

2013        Feb 19, Germany’s highest court ruled that one member of a civil partnership should be able to adopt the partner’s stepchild or adopted child.
    (SFC, 2/20/13, p.A2)

2013        Feb 22, German authorities returned 7 artifacts dating as far back as 4,000 BC to Kosovo after police stumbled on them in an unrelated raid in 2005. The artifacts date to the Neolithic period and are believed to belong to the Vinca, a prehistoric culture that traces back to 5,500 BC in southern Europe.
    (AP, 2/22/13)

2013        Feb 25, In Turkey German Chancellor Angela Merkel held talks with Turkish leaders amid growing frustration in Turkey over its slow-moving EU membership and a perceived reluctance by European nations to crackdown on Turkish militants operating in their nations.
    (AP, 2/25/13)

2013        Mar 2, German property developer Maik Uwe Hinkel rejected calls to halt work to remove one of the last remaining stretches of the Berlin Wall, despite angry protests against the plan.
    (AP, 3/2/13)

2013        Mar 4, In Germany Berlin’s mayor said that he would try to ensure that one of the last remaining sections of the Berlin Wall is preserved. After facing protests, a real estate developer put on hold until at least mid-March plans to remove a section of the wall.
    (AP, 3/4/13)

2013        Mar 8, In Germany Ewald-Heinrich von Kleist (b.1922), the last surviving member of a group of officers who tried and failed to assassinate Hitler on July 20, 1944, died in Munich.
    (SFC, 3/13/13, p.A3)

2013        Mar 10, In Germany an early-morning fire at an apartment building left 8 people dead, 7 of them children in Backnang, a town near Stuttgart.
    (AP, 3/10/13)

2013        Mar 13, German authorities banned three ultraconservative Islamic groups, including one whose Internet propaganda videos helped inspire the extremist who killed two American airmen at Frankfurt airport in 2011.
    (AP, 3/13/13)

2013        Mar 19, German researchers said that they have completed the first high-quality sequencing of a Neanderthal genome.
    (SFC, 3/20/13, p.A2)

2013        Mar 20, Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel's Cabinet decided not to attempt a ban of the country's biggest far-right party but said it would support a bid brought by the country's states — a resolution slammed by the Germany's main Jewish group as the wrong signal to neo-Nazis.
    (AP, 3/20/13)

2013        Mar 19, In Turkey Mohamed Mahmoud (27), an Islamic extremist wanted by Germany for allegedly calling for terrorist attacks, was arrested in Hatay province. Berlin soon began negotiating his extradition.
    (AP, 3/22/13)

2013        Mar 21, In Germany 2 helicopters clipped each other and crashed as they landed in a snowstorm near Berlin's Olympic Stadium during a federal police exercise, leaving one person dead and several injured.
    (AP, 3/21/13)

2013        Mar 27, In Germany work crews backed by about 250 police removed parts of the Berlin Wall known as the East Side Gallery before dawn to make way for an upscale building project, despite demands by protesters that the site be preserved.
    (AP, 3/27/13)

2013        Mar, The German fictional 3-part, TV drama “Unsere Mutter, Unsere Vater" (Our Mothers, Our Fathers) tracked the lives of five young friends from 1941-1945. Itaveraged 7.6 million viewers per night.
    (Econ, 3/30/13, p.50)

2013        Apr 12, German prosecutors filed corruption charges against former President Christian Wulff over alleged favors that prompted his resignation. It was the first time a former German president faced charges in court.
    (AP, 4/12/13)

2013        May 4, In Afghanistan insurgents in Baghlan province killed a German special forces soldier and wounded another. This marked the first death in combat of a member of Germany's special forces in Afghanistan. Several insurgents are believed to have been killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 5/5/13)

2013        May 6, In Germany Hans Lipschis (93), deported from the US in 1983 for lying about his Nazi past, was taken into custody after authorities concluded there was "compelling evidence" he was involved in crimes at Auschwitz while there from 1941 to 1943. Lipschis was released in December after a court concluded he was suffering from dementia. On Feb 28 the Ellwangen state court said that because of “worsening dementia" he could not be tried.
    (AP, 5/6/13)(SFC, 12/7/13, p.A2)(SFC, 3/1/14, p.A2)

2013        May 14, In Germany a union representing workers at Amazon said members are striking in a push for higher wages from the online retailer.
    (AP, 5/14/13)

2013        May 20, In Germany Ray Manzarek (74), keyboard player and founding member of the Doors, died in Rosenheim. The group was formed in 1965 when Manzarek met Jim Morrison at Venice Beach, Ca.
    (SFC, 5/21/13, p.A6)

2013        May 28, The Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany said that some 56,000 Holocaust survivors in 46 countries will receive financial support under an agreement with Germany for a 4-year period from 2014-2017.
    (SFC, 5/29/13, p.A2)
2013        May 28, Germany's national railway operator said it will soon be flying small drones over its tracks, bridges and stations to keep a watchful eye out for vandals spraying graffiti.
    (AP, 5/28/13)
2013        May 28, Volkswagen said it has agreed with the IG Metall union on increases of 3.4% from Sept. 1 and 2.2% from July 1 of next year through February 2015. The agreement covers 102,000 workers in six west German auto plants.
    (AP, 5/28/13)

2013        May 31, In Germany crowds of anti-capitalist protesters, members of the Blockupy alliance, blocked streets leading to the European Central Bank in Frankfurt, to protest its role in pushing for austerity cutbacks as a way to fight the continent's debt crisis.
    (AP, 5/31/13)

2013        Jun 2, Authorities in parts of central Europe issued disaster warnings and scrambled to reinforce flood defenses as rivers swelled by days of heavy rain threatened to burst their banks. Several people have died or were missing in the floods in Germany, the Czech Republic and Switzerland.
    (AP, 6/2/13)

2013        Jun 4, In Germany former Porsche CFO Holger Haerter was convicted of fraud after a court found he provided false information during the German sports car marker's failed 2009 attempt to take over Volkswagen AG.
    (AP, 6/4/13)
2013        Jun 4, Flooding continued along the Danube and other southern European rivers. The dead included 8 people in the Czech Republic, 4 in Germany, 4 in Austria and one in Slovakia.
    (AP, 6/5/13)

2013        Jun 5, US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said Germany and Italy will join the United States as "lead nations" in regions of Afghanistan after NATO transitions into a noncombat mission there after 2014.
    (AP, 6/5/13)

2013        Jun 6, A German high court in Karlsruhe granted homosexual civil unions the same tax breaks as heterosexual married couples.
    (SFC, 6/7/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 6, Residents and emergency crews worked through the night in Dresden and other cities to bolster riverbanks and build sandbag barriers as floodwaters that have already claimed 16 lives in Europe roared farther north through Germany.
    (AP, 6/6/13)

2013        Jun 7, In Germany 3 topless Femen protesters were dragged by police from outside the chancellery in Berlin where they pleaded for Angela Merkel to push for the release of 4 fellow activists jailed in Tunisia.
    (AP, 6/7/13)

2013        Jun 8, In Germany more than 80,000 emergency personnel including firefighters and soldiers were on duty, working aggressively to contain the most dramatic floods in Germany in a decade. 20 people reportedly have already died in the floods across central Europe.
    (AP, 6/8/13)

2013        Jun 9, At least 21 flood-related deaths have been reported in central Europe. A week of heavy rains and flooding caused extensive damage in central and southern Germany, the Czech Republic, Austria, Slovakia and Hungary.
    (AP, 6/9/13)

2013        Jun 10, In Germany the swollen Elbe River breached another levee, forcing authorities to evacuate 10 villages and shut down one of the country's main railway routes. At least 22 flood-related deaths have been reported in central Europe.
    (AP, 6/10/13)

2013        Jun 13, Germany-based Opel said GM signed an agreement today to start building its Corsa model at facilities owned by partner Unison in Belarus.
    (AP, 6/13/13)

2013        Jun 19, President Barack Obama spoke in Berlin challenging Americans and Europeans not to become complacent even though the Cold War is over. He called for a one-third reduction of the US and Russia's nuclear stockpiles.
    (AP, 6/19/13)

2013        Jun 24, British mobile phone operator Vodaphone announced its acquisition of Kabel Deutschland, Germany’s biggest cable-television company, for €7.7 billion.
    (Econ, 6/29/13, p.57)

2013        Jun 30, Germany’s Der Spiegel newsmagazine reported that the United States taps half a billion phone calls, emails and text messages in Germany in a typical month and has classed its biggest European ally as a target similar to China, according to secret US documents taken by fugitive former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden.
    (AP, 6/30/13)

2013        Jul 1, The German government said if media reports of large-scale US spying on the European Union were confirmed, it would be unacceptable Cold War-style behavior between partners who require mutual trust to forge a new transatlantic trade area.
    (Reuters, 7/1/13)
2013        Jul 1, In Germany parent companies Bertelsmann and Pearson said they signed final contracts to combine the global activities of publishers Random House Inc. and Penguin Group to create Penguin Random House. Random House parent Bertelsmann will hold 53% of the new company and Penguin owner Pearson 47%.
    (AP, 7/1/13)

2013        Jul 2, A German court convicted a married couple of spying for Russia over more than two decades and handed them prison sentences for passing European Union and NATO secrets to Moscow. Andreas and Heidrun Anschlag were known only by the fake names on the Austrian passports they used to enter Germany.
    (AP, 7/2/13)

2013        Jul 30, In Germany industrialist Berthold Beitz (99) died. He was honored for saving hundreds of Jews in occupied Poland during World War II and became one of post-war West Germany's leading industrialists.
    (AP, 7/31/13)

2013        Aug 2, Germany canceled a Cold War-era surveillance pact with the United States and Britain in response to revelations by National Security Agency leaker Edward Snowden about those countries' alleged electronic eavesdropping operations.
    (AP, 8/2/13)

2013        Aug 9, Two of Germany's biggest Internet service providers said they will start encrypting customers' emails by default in response to user concerns about online snooping after reports that the US National Security Agency monitors international electronic communications.
    (AP, 8/9/13)

2013        Aug 21, In southern Germany a gunman opened fire on a meeting in Dossenheim village, killing 2 people and wounding five before taking his own life.
    (AP, 8/21/13)

2013        Aug 25, Germany's Der Spiegel weekly said the US National Security Agency has bugged the UN New York headquarters, in the latest in a series of reports on US spying that has strained relations between Washington and its allies.
    (Reuters, 8/25/13)

2013        Sep 6, German police raided a Christian sect on suspicion of child abuse and took 40 children, between ages 18 months and 17 years, into foster care. Members of the "Twelve Tribes" sect, founded by a Tennessee teacher in the 1970s, acknowledged that they believe in spanking their children, but denied wrongdoing. A hidden-camera media report showed the parents caning children as punishment. In 2018 the European Court of Human Rights upheld Germany's decision to take away the children.
    (SFC, 9/7/13, p.A2)(AP, 3/22/18)

2013        Sep 10, German officials said they have seized a functional bomb and several model airplanes that neo-Nazis allegedly wanted to use in an attack against left-wing or anti-Nazi activists.
    (SFC, 9/11/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 18, Marcel Reich-Ranicki (93), literary critic, died in Germany. He had escaped from Poland to West Germany in 1958 and soon joined the Gruppe 47, a liberal bookish clique. His talkshow “Literary Quartet" ended in 2001 after 77 editions.
    (Econ, 9/28/13, p.90)

2013        Sep 22, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel led her conservatives to victory with 41.5% of the vote. A Senegal-born chemist was elected as the country’s first black federal lawmaker, and a woman of Turkish origin was elected the first Muslim to Parliament.
    (AP, 9/23/13)(SFC, 9/23/13, p.A4)

2013        Oct 6, In Afghanistan Germany handed control of a key military base in the country's northern province of Kunduz to Afghan security forces. German troops had spent almost a decade there as part of the international effort to combat Taliban insurgents.
    (AP, 10/6/13)

2013        Oct 10, In Germany pressure grew on Bishop Franz-Peter Tebartz-van Elst (53) of Limburg in Hesse state, a German-Romanian Catholic bishop under fire for building an extravagant multi-million-euro residential complex when prosecutors alleged that he also lied under oath.
    (AFP, 10/10/13)

2013        Oct 11, In Italy  Erich Priebke (100), a former Nazi SS captain, died. He had been sentenced to life in prison for his role in in the 1944 massacre of 335 civilians by Nazi forces at the Ardeatine Caves outside Rome.
    (AP, 10/11/13)(Econ, 10/26/13, p.102)

2013        Oct 14, Germany blocked the introduction of tougher EU emissions rules for cars. A week earlier Chancellor Angela Merkel's party received a large donation from three major BMW shareholders.
    (AP, 10/15/13)

2013        Oct 23, Pope Francis temporarily expelled German Bishop Franz-Peter Tebartz-van Elst from his diocese because of a scandal over a 31-million-euro project to build a new residence complex, but refused calls to remove him permanently.
    (AP, 10/23/13)

2013        Oct 24, Germany's Foreign Ministry summoned the US ambassador following allegations that American intelligence may have targeted Chancellor Angela Merkel's cellphone. Merkel said she had made it clear to US President Barack Obama that spying on allies is not acceptable.
    (AP, 10/24/13)(Reuters, 10/24/13)

2013        Nov 1, US intelligence leaker Edward Snowden is ready to talk with German prosecutors in Russia, his lawyer said, after the fugitive met a German lawmaker over his evidence that Washington spied on Chancellor Angela Merkel.
    (AP, 11/1/13)

2013        Nov 2, Britain’s Guardian newspaper reported that spy agencies in Germany, France, Spain and Sweden are carrying out mass surveillance of online and phone traffic in collaboration with Britain, according to documents leaked by Edward Snowden.
    (AFP, 11/2/13)

2013        Nov 14, Christian Wulff became Germany's first post-war president to go on trial, charged with corruption for accepting some 700 euros for a hotel stay and meals during an Oktoberfest beer festival when he was a state premier.
    (Reuters, 11/14/13)
2013        Nov 14, Karlheinz Schreiber (70), a Canadian-German arms industry lobbyist, was convicted in Berlin of tax evasion and sentenced to six and half years. He played a role in a scandal that propelled Chancellor Angela Merkel to power.
    (AFP, 11/14/13)
2013        Nov 14, A French commercial court ordered TUeV Rheinland, a German product-testing company, to pay damages to more than 1,600 women and six distributors after ruling that it failed to properly check silicone breast implants that turned out to be prone to leakage.
    (AP, 11/14/13)

2013        Nov 16, In Germany some 20,000 people marched through central Berlin to demand the government lift its 20-year ban on the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).
    (AFP, 11/16/13)

2013        Nov 17, In a Der Spiegel interview last week Cornelius Gurlitt (80), a German recluse who hid hundreds of paintings believed looted by the Nazis in his Munich flat, said he will not give up the works without a fight, quashing hopes of a quick settlement. The collection was put together by Gurlitt’s father, Hildebrand Gurlitt, one of the few dealers chosen by Joseph Goebbels, Nazi propaganda chief, to sell confiscated art.
    (AFP, 11/17/13)(Econ, 11/9/13, p.56)

2013        Nov 18, A German probe into the July 23, 1944, reprisal attack at Chlaniow, Poland, implicated Michael Karkoc (94), a retired Minnesota carpenter, as commander of the Nazi SS-led unit in the attack. In 2014 Germany’s highest court ruled that Germany has jurisdiction in the case.
    (AP, 6/14/13)(http://tinyurl.com/kk5e6s3)(AP, 11/18/13)(SFC, 5/23/14, p.A2)
2013        Nov 18, A German court said the embattled "bling bishop" Franz-Peter Tebartz-van Elst has settled a case over lying under oath with a 20,000-euro ($27,000) payment.
    (AFP, 11/18/13)

2013        Nov 19, France, Germany and other European countries formed a "drone users club" to develop a rival to the US and Israeli pilotless aircraft that dominate the field.
    (AP, 11/19/13)

2013        Nov 22, The Hamburg-based International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, an international maritime tribunal, ordered Russia to release a Greenpeace ship and 30 people arrested in a protest against Russian Arctic oil drilling.
    (Reuters, 11/22/13)

2013        Nov 27, In Germany authorities in Dresden arrested a policeman on suspicion of killing and chopping up a man he met on the Internet who apparently fantasized about being killed and eaten. Officer Detlev Guenzel had met a willing victim in an Internet chat forum devoted to cannibalism fetishists. In 2015 Guenzel was convicted of murdering Wojciech Stempniewicz and chopping him up in an S&M chamber. Guenzel was again convicted in a 2016 re-trial.
    (AP, 11/29/13)(AP, 4/1/15)(AFP, 12/13/16)

2013        Dec 1, In Germany Heinrich Boere (92), who murdered Dutch civilians as part of a Nazi Waffen SS hit squad during World War II but avoided justice for six decades, died in a prison hospital while serving a life sentence.
    (AP, 12/2/13)

2013        Dec 4, German officials said hundreds of unsolved killings and attempted killings in the country over the last two decades may have been committed by far-right extremists.
    (SFC, 12/5/13, p.A2)

2013        Dec 11, Germany police said a sapling cloned from the tree that lifted Anne Frank's spirits while she hid from the Nazis in Amsterdam was felled and stolen over the weekend from outside a school in Frankfurt bearing the name of the Jewish teenage diarist.
    (AP, 12/11/13)
2013        Dec 11, In western Germany a building crane collapsed onto a supermarket, killing one person and injuring at least five others in Bad Homburg.
    (AP, 12/11/13)

2013        Dec 16, Germany-based Siemens said it has won an order to supply 448 wind turbines with a total capacity of 1,050 megawatts (MW) to US-based MidAmerican Energy, which the engineering group said was the largest single order for onshore wind power ever awarded.
    (Reuters, 12/16/13)

2013        Dec 19, German media and officials in Berlin said about 200 cars stolen in Germany have been tracked down in Tajikistan, where most are now driven by family and friends of President Emomali Rakhmon.
    (AFP, 12/19/13)

2013        Dec 22, In Germany  Mikhail Khodorkovsky vowed to do all he can to ensure the release of other political prisoners in Russia.
    (AP, 12/22/13)

2013        Dec 30, In Greece unidentified assailants opened fire on the German ambassador's residence in Athens with a Kalashnikov assault rifle in an attack seen as an attempt to sour relations between debt-laden Greece and its biggest creditor nation.
    (Reuters, 12/30/13)

2013        Dec, Ercan Findikoglu, a Turkish hacker, was arrested at Frankfurt Airport. US authorities accused him of masterminding a group that carried out the online heists between 2011 and 2013 and stealing almost $60 million in a series of hacking raids against credit card companies.
    (AP, 12/2/14)

2013        Rudiger Safranski authored “Goethe - Kunstwerk des Lebens “ (Goethe: Life as a Work of Art). In 2017 David Dollenmayer translated it from German to English.
    (Econ 6/17/17, p.76)
2013        In Germany economist Bernd Lucke founded the populist Alternative for Germany (AfD) party. In 2015 he was ousted by Frauke Petry. In 2017 she was ousted by Alexander Gauland.
    (Econ, 10/8/16, p.48)(Econ, 4/29/17, p.40)
2013        In Germany nuclear power accounted for 16% of the country’s power.
    (Econ, 6/15/13, SR p.11)

2014        Jan 3, In western Germany a World War II bomb exploded during construction work in Euskirchen, near Bonn, killing one person and wounding at least eight others.
    (AP, 1/3/14)

2014        Jan 8, German authorities said they have charged Werner C. (88), a former member of an SS armored division, with 25 counts of murder over allegations that he took part in the June 10, 1944, slaughter in Oradour-sur-Glane in southwestern France, the largest civilian massacre in Nazi-occupied France.
    (AP, 1/8/14)
2014        Jan 8, A German court dropped the case against Siert Bruins (92), a former member of the Nazi SS, ruling that there are too many gaps in the evidence to deliver a verdict. Bruins was accused of killing resistance fighter Aldert Klaas Dijkema in September 1944 in Appingedam, near the German border in the northern Netherlands.
    (AP, 1/8/14)
2014        Jan 8, A Croatian court ruled that Josip Perkovic, a communist-era intelligence chief, could be extradited to Germany where he is wanted over a killing of a Yugoslav dissident in 1983. On Jan 24 Perkovic was flown to Germany.
    (Reuters, 1/8/14)(Reuters, 1/24/14)

2014        Jan 9, Germany said it has accepted a UN request to destroy remnants of Syria's chemical weapons on its own soil as part of a bid to eliminate the arsenal by June 30.
    (AFP, 1/9/14)

2014        Jan 12, In western Germany a small jet crashed near an airfield near Trier and four people on board were killed.
    (AP, 1/12/14)

2014        Jan 13, German antitrust authorities fined a group of beer brewers a total of 106.5 million euros ($145 million) for illegal price-fixing between 2006 and 2008.
    (AP, 1/13/14)

2014        Jan 14, Germany's No.2 utility RWE said it is preparing to sue for millions of euros of damages after a federal court confirmed that a state's decision to shut down the company's Biblis nuclear plant for three months in 2011 was illegal.
    (Reuters, 1/14/14)

2014        Jan 21, Germany’s Federal Office for Information Security said an analysis of hijacked computer networks has turned up about 16 million compromised online accounts.
    (SFC, 1/22/14, p.A2)

2014        Jan 26, Germany’s ARD TV quoted Edward Snowden saying the US NSA does not limit its espionage to issues of national security and he cited German engineering firm, Siemens as one target.
    (Reuters, 1/26/14)

2014        Jan 29, In France Bayern Munich winger Franck Ribery and Real Madrid forward Karim Benzema were acquitted on charges of soliciting an underage prostitute, ending a case that has lasted more than three years and tarnished both players' reputation.
    (AP, 1/30/14)

2014        Jan, German officials seized a box packed with 14 condoms filled with cocaine from South America. The 340 grams of cocaine, valued at 40,000 euros ($55,200), was seized at the international airport in Leipzig and was addressed to the main postal center at the Vatican.
    (AFP, 3/23/14)

2014        Feb 2, In Germany Frankfurt’s 116-meter (380-foot) University Tower, built in 1972, was brought down with explosives in one of the biggest such operations in Europe.
    (AP, 2/2/14)
2014        Feb 2, German conductor Gerd Albrecht (78) died in Berlin. He had led orchestras in the Czech Republic, Japan and Denmark and worked to bring music to children.
    (AP, 2/3/14)

2014        Feb 3, In Germany a group of computer hackers and human rights campaigners announced that they are suing their government for allegedly breaking the law by aiding foreign spies.
    (AP, 2/3/14)

2014        Feb 5, A German newspaper reported that the US National Security Agency (NSA) bugged the phone of former German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder from at least 2002, compounding the most serious row between the allies in a decade.
    (Reuters, 2/5/14)
2014        Feb 5, Germany's government approved increasing the number of soldiers sent to Mali from 180 to 250 as part of an EU-led mission to train the national army for its fight against Islamic extremists.
    (AFP, 2/5/14)
2014        Feb 5, In Germany a fire at an asylum home in Hamburg killed a woman from Pakistan and her two children. On Feb 7 a boy (13), a member of the city's youth fire department, admitted to setting the fire.
    (AP, 2/8/14)

2014        Feb 7, German Chancellor Angela Merkel expressed outrage over a leaked phone conversation in which Victoria Nuland, a top US diplomat, used the f-word regarding the European Union's handling of the crisis in Ukraine. An angry US State Department pointed the finger at Russia for allegedly bugging the diplomats' phones.
    (AFP, 2/7/14)

2014        Feb 9, Danish director Lars von Trier brought an extra-long version of his "Nymphomaniac Volume I" to the Berlin International Film Festival, a cut that increases to nearly 2½ hours the first installment of the two-part drama about a woman's sexual life from girlhood to age 50.
    (AP, 2/9/14)

2014        Feb 11, German and Dutch authorities arrested five men in a sting operation against a website allegedly used to sell illegal drugs and weapons.
    (AP, 2/13/14)

2014        Feb 14, In Germany Agriculture Minister Hans-Peter Friedrich announced his resignation over claims he leaked confidential information about an international child porn probe.
    (AFP, 2/14/14)

2014        Feb 15, In Germany the film “Black Coal, Thin Ice" won the Golden Bear award for best film at the 64th Berlin Film Festival. It was directed by Diao Yinan of China.
    (Econ, 2/22/14, p.38)

2014        Feb 18, A German court sentenced Onesphore Rwabukombe, a Rwandan Hutu, to 14 years in jail for his role in the genocide of Tutsis in Rwanda in 1994, ending Germany's first trial related to the mass killings in central Africa.
    (Reuters, 2/18/14)

2014        Feb 20, German police raided the homes of nine elderly men suspected of serving as SS guards at the Auschwitz death camp and arrested three of them on allegations of accessory to murder.
    (AP, 2/20/14)

2014        Feb 21, In Germany a strike by security staff at Frankfurt airport caused nearly 50 flight cancellations and delayed thousands of passengers, bringing chaos to Europe's third largest hub.
    (Reuters, 2/21/14)
2014        Feb 21, The EU bloc's executive Commission added Bavarian pretzels to its "protected origins" list.
    (AP, 2/21/14)

2014        Feb 26, Germany's top court struck down the country's 3% electoral threshold for political parties to win seats in the European Parliament.
    (AFP, 2/26/14)

2014        Feb 27, In Germany former Pres. Christian Wulff (54) was acquitted of corruption charges from his time as a regional governor.
    (SFC, 2/28/14, p.A2)

2014        Feb 28, In Germany two lawyers were attacked at an office in Duesseldorf. One was killed and the other soon died of his wounds A third person was killed at another lawyers' office in nearby Erkrath before the suspected assailant, a Chinese-born resident, was arrested.
    (AP, 3/2/14)
2014        Feb 28, A Germany rescue helicopter crashed during a training flight off the Baltic Sea coast, killing 3 people. One person on board survived.
    (AP, 3/1/14)

2014        Mar 5, Germany’s Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble said that Germany is ready to help Ukraine in its difficult phase and added that this would include financial assistance.
    (Reuters, 3/5/14)

2014        Mar 9, Russians took over a Ukrainian border post on the western edge of Crimea, trapping about 15 personnel inside. Germany's Angela Merkel delivered a rebuke to President Vladimir Putin, telling him that a planned Moscow-backed referendum on whether Crimea should join Russia was illegal and violated Ukraine's constitution.
    (Reuters, 3/9/14)

2014        Mar 10, In Germany Bayern Munich president Uli Hoeness admitted to evading millions of euros (dollars) in taxes through an undeclared Swiss bank account at a trial that could send the German football great to prison.
    (AP, 3/10/14)

2014        Mar 13, Germany's Angela Merkel warned Moscow that it risked "massive" political and economic damage if it refused to change course on Ukraine.
    (AP, 3/13/14)
2014        Mar 13, In Germany Bayern Munich president Uli Hoeness was found guilty and sentenced to 3½ years in prison for evading millions of euros (dollars) in tax through an undeclared Swiss bank account.
    (AP, 3/13/14)

2014        Mar 26, Pope Francis permanently removed German bishop Franz-Peter Terbartz-van Elst from his Limburg diocese after his 31 million-euro ($43-million) new residence complex caused an uproar among the faithful. Francis had temporarily expelled him in October pending a church inquiry.
    (AP, 3/26/14)

2014        Mar 27, Germany's main airports were hit by a strike as public sector workers raised pressure on the government in pay talks.
    (Reuters, 3/27/14)

2014        Mar 29, German magazine Der Spiegel reported that the US National Security Agency kept more than 300 reports on Chancellor Angela Merkel in a special databank about scores of foreign heads of state. Other leaders listed in the databank include the heads of Peru, Somalia, Guatemala, Colombia and Belarus.
    (AP, 3/29/14)

2014        Mar 31, German authorities arrested three people in raids against suspected supporters of a hardline Islamic group in Syria, a move meant to curb risks posed by extremists returning from Syria's civil war.
    (AP, 3/31/14)
2014        Mar 31, Germany's Lufthansa said it will cancel some 3,800 flights because of a three-day strike by the pilots' union later this week (April 2-4), hitting more than 425,000 passengers.
    (AP, 3/31/14)
2014        Mar 31, In Germany workers at Amazon’s logistics center in Leipzig staged the short-term warning strike to try to get management to return to the negotiating table over wages.
    (AP, 3/31/14)

2014        Apr 2, Germany's antitrust authority said it has fined a group of brewers 231.2 million euros ($319 million) for allegedly fixing the price of beer, the second round of punishments it has made in the case.
    (AP, 4/2/14)
2014        Apr 2, Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel's Cabinet approved a national minimum wage, guaranteeing workers at least 8.50 euros per hour ($11.75) starting next year.
    (AP, 4/2/14)
2014        Apr 2, Lufthansa canceled almost 900 domestic and intercontinental flights after the pilots' union started a three-day strike in a wage dispute with Germany's largest airline.
    (AP, 4/2/14)

2014        Apr 3, Germany’s Deutsche Post said it is no longer accepting letters bound for Crimea after its Ukrainian counterpart told the Geneva-based Universal Postal Union (UPU) that delivery to the region was no longer guaranteed.
    (Reuters, 4/3/14)

2014        Apr 7, German authorities said reclusive collector Cornelius Gurlitt, who hoarded hundreds of valuable artworks at his Munich home, has agreed to cooperate in efforts to determine which pieces were seized by the Nazis.
    (AP, 4/7/14)

2014        Apr 8, The German government signed off on a draft law that will allow young Germans of foreign origin to have dual citizenship, a move that relaxes some of Europe's strictest nationality laws and will benefit the large Turkish community.
    (Reuters, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, Chancellor Angela Merkel's cabinet approved a reform of Germany's renewable energy law designed to curb a rise in the cost of electricity.
    (Reuters, 4/8/14)

2014        Apr 9, German prosecutors released more than 1,000 artworks found at the Munich apartment of reclusive collector Cornelius Gurlitt, days after he agreed to cooperate with authorities in determining which pieces were seized by the Nazis. At least 458 works owned by the collector that are being checked for a Nazi-era past remained in government hands.
    (AP, 4/9/14)

2014        Apr 13, German media citing official sources said the government will not approve a reported deal to sell up to 800 Leopard-2 battle tanks to Saudi Arabia.
    (AFP, 4/13/14)

2014        Apr 15, German utility company RWE said it has started sending natural gas to Ukraine, a move that could support the country if Russia acts on its threat to cut off supplies because of a massive debt for past deliveries.
    (AP, 4/15/14)

2014        Apr 25, German-Jewish writer Stefanie Zweig (81), best known for her autobiographical novel "Nowhere in Africa" (1995), died. The book retold the story of her family's time in Kenya. A movie adaptation won an Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film in 2003.
    (AP, 4/27/14)

2014        Apr, Germany’s Pres. Joachim Gauck visited Turkey and criticized the erosion of civil liberties there.
    (Econ, 5/24/14, p.45)

2014        May 6, Germany's Bayer said it has agreed to buy Merck & Co.'s non-prescription medicine and consumer care business for $14.2 billion.
    (AP, 5/6/14)

2014        May 7, Switzerland’s Kunstmuseum Bern said that it has been named as the unrestricted and unfettered heir of German art collector Cornelius Gurlitt, who a day earlier.
    (SFC, 5/8/14, p.A2)(AFP, 5/13/14)

2014        May 9, In Germany SLM Solutions, a pioneer in making selective laser melting equipment, i.e. 3D printers, used in factories, began trading on the Frankfurt stock exchange. Here additive manufacturing was used to describe one aspect of 3D printing. 
    (Econ, 5/3/14, p.56)

2014        May 16, German authorities said they have arrested a Mexican man (44) at the Frankfurt Airport after finding his suitcase full of snakes, turtles and lizards, including endangered species.
    (AP, 5/16/14)

2014        May 19, Germany lowered the pension age for some workers from 65 to 63.

2014        May 25, In Germany Berlin voters cast ballots on whether to develop or preserve as leisure space a big part of the former Tempelhof airport, the hub of the historic 1948-49 Berlin Airlift. Voters decided to keep it bare.
    (AP, 5/25/14)(Econ, 5/31/14, p.44)

2014        Jun 6, Germany's foreign intelligence agency officially lifted the lid on some of its worst-kept secrets, acknowledging that half a dozen facilities around the country are in fact spy stations — as anyone with Internet access could already figure out.
    (AP, 6/6/14)

2014        Jun 9, In Germany at least 6 people were killed in storms that swept North Rhine-Westphalia, forcing Duesseldorf airport to shut down, felling trees and leaving some roads impassable.
    (Reuters, 6/10/14)

2014        Jun 11, Taxi drivers staged protests in London, Berlin, Barcelona, Madrid and Paris. Cabbies and train workers walked off the job, leaving traffic snarled, as they protested changes to the travel industry that they say could endanger passengers and give untested upstarts an unfair advantage.
    (AP, 6/11/14)

2014        Jun 12, A Berlin court ordered Germany to pay the heirs of Jewish owners of a department store chain an additional 50 million euros ($68 million) in compensation for Schocken family property seized by the Nazis.
    (AP, 6/12/14)

2014        Jun 17, US authorities in Philadelphia arrested Johann Breyer (89) after a German warrant charged him with 158 counts of complicity in the killing of Jews while he was a guard at Auschwitz in 1944.
    (SFC, 6/19/14, p.A9)

2014        Jun 19, An injured German caver was hauled out of the country's deepest cavern by a multinational rescue operation that involved more than 700 people. Johann Westhauser (52), an experienced caver, had gone into the Riesending cave system in the Alps with two companion on June 8 and was injured during a rock fall.
    (AP, 6/19/14)

2014        Jun 23, In Germany a Learjet chartered by the German air force to take part in a training exercise with two unarmed Eurofighter jets collided with one of the military planes near the town of Elpe Two civilian pilots were presumed dead. The fighter pilot landed safely.   
    (AP, 6/24/14)

2014        Jun 25, Greek authorities said they have broken a massive lottery scam targeting Germans that tricked about 360,000 people into paying to take part in non-existent draws. Two German-born suspects were arrested a day earlier in Athens.
    (AP, 6/25/14)

2014        Jun 27, German travel group TUI and its British subsidiary TUI Travel said that they had agreed to a tie-up that will create the world's biggest tourism operator.
    (AFP, 6/27/14)

2014        Jul 2, Germany arrested a 31-year-old man on suspicion of spying for foreign intelligence services. They did not identify the suspect or the intelligence services. Media reports said he is an intelligence service employee accused of spying for the United States.
    (AP, 7/4/14)

2014        Jul 6, The German government said it wants a quick and clear explanation from Washington for US intelligence's apparent contact with a German man arrested last week on suspicion of being a double agent.
    (Reuters, 7/6/14)

2014        Jul 7, Germany's transport minister announced plans to introduce a car toll that seeks to make money off foreign drivers for the maintenance of its roads.
    (AP, 7/7/14)

2014        Jul 8, In Brazil World Cup semifinals the German soccer team beat Brazil’s national team in a record-breaking 7-1 game.

2014        Jul 10, Germany ask the CIA station chief in Berlin to leave the country in response to fresh allegations of US spying on Berlin.
    (Reuters, 7/11/14)
2014        Jul 10, A European Union court ruled that Germany can't require the spouses of Turkish immigrants to show basic knowledge of the German language as a condition for being granted a visa.
    (AP, 7/10/14)

2014        Jul 13, Germany won its 4th World Cup title. Argentines celebrating their team's gutsy performance in a 1-0 loss to Germany in the World Cup finals in Brazil. In Buenos Aires Riot police used tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse a group of rock-throwing vandals who disturbed a rally.
    (AP, 7/14/14)

2014        Jul 15, Germany's Federal Cartel Office said it has imposed fines totaling 338 million euros ($460 million) on 21 sausage manufacturers for colluding on prices.
    (AP, 7/15/14)

2014        Jul 23, Air France and Germany's two largest airlines canceled more flights to Tel Aviv because of ongoing safety concerns amid the fighting between Israel and Hamas.
    (AP, 7/23/14)

2014        Aug 4, Germany's Economy Ministry confirmed it has halted Rheinmetall's export of combat simulation gear to Russia, going beyond recently imposed EU sanctions which block future defense contracts.
    (Reuters, 8/4/14)

2014        Aug 5, In Germany a Munich court freed Bernie Ecclestone (83), the boss of Formula One motor racing, but ordered him to pay $99m to the state of Bavaria and $1m to a charitable foundation for children over allegations of bribery. Ecclestone’s wealth was estimated at $4 billion.
    (Econ, 8/9/14, p.54)

2014        Aug 16, In Iraq airstrikes pounded the area around the Mosul Dam in an effort to drive out militants who captured it earlier this month. Germany's Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier announced in Baghdad that his government would provide more than 24 million euros ($32.2 million) in humanitarian aid to Iraq.
    (AP, 8/16/14)

2014        Aug 23, Several thousand people formed a human chain across the German-Polish border to protest the expansion of mining for brown coal, aka lignite, in the region.
    (SSFC, 8/24/14, p.A6)

2014        Sep 6, In Germany the GdL union for train drivers began a three-hour national strike to put pressure on German railway company Deutsche Bahn in their ongoing wage negotiations.
    (AP, 9/6/14)

2014        Sep 16, A court in Germany lifted an emergency injunction that banned the SF-based ridesharing service Uber from operating anywhere in the country.
    (AP, 9/16/14)
2014        Sep 16, Germany-listed Ultrasonic AG said in a statement it has been unable to reach its chief executive, Qingyong Wu, and chief operating officer, Minghong Wu, since the weekend. The company said most of its cash was in China and Hong Kong has been transferred beyond its control.
    (AP, 9/17/14)

2014        Sep 22, German authorities seized 330 kg (728 pounds) of heroin worth an estimated 50 million euros ($63 million) that smugglers brought to Europe hidden in a shipment of bottled pickles and garlic from Iran.
    (AP, 10/9/14)

2014        Sep 25, Germany began arms deliveries to the semi-autonomous Kurdish region, with the ultimate goal of supplying 10,000 Kurdish fighters with some 70 million euros ($90 million) worth of equipment.
    (AP, 9/25/14)

2014        Sep 28, In Germany Dennis Kimetto of Kenya knocked 26 seconds off the world marathon record. Kimetto won the 41st edition of the Berlin Marathon in 2 hours, 2 minutes, 57 seconds, becoming the first man to complete a marathon in under 2 hours, 3 minutes.
    (AP, 9/28/14)

2014        Sep 30, German investigators asked for help in tracking down two Pakistani men suspected of defrauding Germany of 136 million euros ($173 million) in connection with carbon dioxide emissions trading. Mobeen Iqbal (32) and Ashraf Muhammad (35) were wanted on international warrants for tax fraud for allegedly running the scheme between August 2009 and April 2010.
    (AP, 9/30/14)
2014        Sep 30, In Germany pilots on Lufthansa's long-haul fleet started a 15-hour walkout at the airline's main Frankfurt hub in a festering contract dispute.
    (AP, 9/30/14)

2014        Sep, In Germany a group of men wearing orange vests with the words "Sharia police" went into the streets of Wuppertal, handing out leaflets declaring the area a "Sharia-controlled zone" where alcohol, music and pornography were banned. In 2016 the Wuppertal state court ruled that the men couldn't be convicted under any law. It found that their vests couldn't be classified as a uniform and weren't intimidating.
    (AP, 11/21/16)

2014        Oct 2, Rocket Internet went public in Germany in an IPO valued at $8.2 billion. The company specialized in launching clones of proven internet-business models. The stock opened at €42.50 and immediately fell to €38.00
    (Econ, 10/4/14, p.72)

2014        Oct 7, The German government said a convoy of 112 trucks carrying aid from Germany has crossed into Ukraine and the goods will be distributed in the country's east by local officials.
    (AP, 10/7/14)
2014        Oct 7, In Germany train drivers' union GDL called for a nine-hour nationwide strike starting this evening. Pilots' union Vereinigung Cockpit announced a two-day strike at Lufthansa's freight arm starting at 2100 ET on Oct 8.
    (Reuters, 10/7/14)

2014        Oct 11, Germany, one of the countries that suspended aid to Malawi after a massive 2013 public sector graft scandal, said it has granted the impoverished southern African nation $25 million to conduct an audit into the fraud.
    (AFP, 10/11/14)

2014        Oct 12, In Cairo, Egypt, US Sec. of State John Kerry presided over a conference on peace in the Middle East and announced an additional $212 million in US aid to Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. Qatar said it would provide $1 billion in reconstruction assistance for Gaza, while fellow Gulf Arab states Kuwait and United Arab Emirates promised $200 million each. Germany also announced it would contribute 50 million euros ($63 million) to reconstruction efforts in Gaza.
    (Reuters, 10/12/14)

2014        Oct 18, In Germany millions of passengers were left stranded after train drivers began a 50-hour strike that halted two thirds of long-distance trains in a dispute over pay and negotiation rights.
    (Reuters, 10/18/14)

2014        Oct 20, Lufthansa pilots launched a strike, deepening Germany's travel chaos after train drivers stopped work at the weekend just as school holidays began in much of the country.
    (AFP, 10/20/14)

2014        Oct 26, In Germany 49 police officers were injured as some 4,000 neo-Nazis attended a demonstration in cologne by a group calling itself “Hooligans against Salafis."
    (SFC, 10/28/14, p.A2)

2014        Oct 27, In Germany workers at Amazon.com were on strike again as a union pushed its demands in a long-running wage dispute with the American online retailer.
    (AP, 10/27/14)

2014        Oct 30, German’s regional court in Wuerzburg sentenced a trucker (58) to 10 ½ years in prison for shooting at fellow drivers more than 700 times over a five-year period.
    (AP, 10/30/14)

2014        Nov 13, A German court convicted four men of being members of or supporting al Qaeda and planning a potentially lethal attack on German soil, handing them jail sentences of up to nine years.
    (Reuters, 11/13/14)
2014        Nov 13, German police said authorities have seized 2.9 tons of a chemical used to produce crystal meth in an operation that brought 15 arrests in Germany and the Czech Republic.
    (AP, 11/13/14)

2014        Nov 15, German student Tuğçe Albayrak (b.1991) was struck and fatally injured outside a McDonald's restaurant in Offenbach am Main while trying to protect two teenage girls in the toilets of the restaurant. Albayrak died Nov 28 on her 23rd birthday. On June 16, 2015, a panel of judges in Darmstadt found Sanel Masovic (18) guilty of inflicting bodily harm with fatal consequences and sentenced him to three years in prison. On April 20, 2017, Masovic was deported to Serbia.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_of_Tu%C4%9F%C3%A7e_Albayrak)(AP, 6/16/15)(AP, 4/20/17)

2014        Nov 20, Donor nations meeting at a conference in Germany pledged a total $9.3 billion to the UN Green Climate Fund (GCF to help developing countries tackle climate change, but environmental campaigners said the funds fell short of what is needed.
    (Reuters, 11/20/14)

2014        Nov 24, Switzerland’s Kunstmuseum Bern agreed to accept a priceless collection of long-hidden art from the late German collector Cornelius Gurlitt, saying it will work closely with Germany to make sure that any pieces looted by the Nazis are returned to their Jewish owners.
    (AP, 11/24/14)

2014        Nov 28, German media reported that Germany has approved BlackBerry's purchase of encryption firm Secusmart after signing a "no-spy" agreement with the Canadian smartphone maker.
    (AP, 11/28/14)
2014        Nov 28, In Germany Tugce Albayrak died on her 23rd birthday, after her family gave doctors permission to switch off her life support. She had been hit in the head while defending two teenage girls from male harassment on the night of Nov 15. Attacker Sanel M. (18) was under police custody.
    (AP, 12/1/14)

2014        Nov 30, E.ON, Germany’s largest utility, announced that it would split itself and float a new company in 2016, which will include its power generation  from nuclear and fossil fuels.
    (Econ, 12/6/14, p.76)

2014        Dec 1, German airline Lufthansa cancelled about half of its flights after pilots went on strike in an ongoing dispute over retirement benefits.
    (AP, 12/1/14)

2014        Dec 2, Pilots at German airline Lufthansa extended their two-day strike to long-haul flights in an ongoing dispute over retirement benefits.
    (AP, 12/2/14)

2014        Dec 3, Germany's cabinet agreed on plans to reduce CO2 emissions by up to 78 million tons by 2020 to help Europe's biggest economy meet ambitious targets to fight climate change.
    (Reuters, 12/3/14)

2014         Dec 5,  German Chancellor Angela Merkel shook hands with  Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and said her country will continue to support Afghanistan after NATO combat troops pull out from the country.
    (Reuters, 12/5/14)

2014         Dec 6, The CEO of SAP, a German software maker, confirmed that the company will remain an autonomous corporation in the long term.
    (Reuters, 12/6/2014)

2014        Dec 8, In Dresden, Germany, some 10,000 people protested in a ralley organized by a group calling itself “Patriotic Europeans against the Islamization of the West." A counter demonstration numbered some 9,000.
    (SFC, 12/9/14, p.A2)

2014        Dec 10, Ralph Giordano (b.1923), a German writer and Holocaust survivor who spoke out against anti-Semitism and the far right, and later became a prominent critic of Germany's failure to integrate Muslim immigrants, died. Giordano was known for his autobiographical 1982 novel "The Bertinis" and 22 other books.
    (AP, 12/10/14)

2014        Dec 17, German prosecutors arrested three Turkish men accused of spying on compatriots in Germany for Turkish intelligence.
    (AP, 12/18/14)

2014        Dec 25, In Mexico some 100 protesters demonstrated outside the German embassy in Mexico City to denounce what they said was the use of German-made G36 assault rifles by police in Guerrero state. In 2010 the German government told weapons manufacturer Heckler & Koch to cease all deliveries to Mexico amid concerns over human rights issues.
    (SFC, 12/26/14, p.A7)

2014        Dec 30, In central Germany a bus crash on a highway killed at least 4 people and injured another 38.
    (AP, 12/30/14)

2014        Christian Wulff, former president of Germany (2010-2012), authored “At the Top, At the Bottom."
    (Econ, 6/21/14, p.54)
2014        Heidi Hetzer (76) of Germany decided to take her 1930s Hudson Greater Eight on a world tour. She documented her journey on Instagram and received a hero's welcome on her return to Berlin in 2017.
    (AP, 4/23/19)
2014        In Germany massive damage was caused to a steelworks by hackers who messed with a blast furnace.
    (Econ, 12/3/16, p.63)
2014        More than 200,000 people applied for asylum in Germany this year, a 60-percent rise over the previous year.
    (AP, 1/14/15)
2014         The Danish Defense Intelligence Service, or FE, reportedly finished an internal probe that found the US National Security Agency used connections in Denmark to eavesdrop on political leaders in France, Germany, Sweden and Norway. This was only made public in 2021.
    (Axios, 5/31/21)

2015        Jan 5, In Germany thousands of protesters in several cities rallied against Muslim immigration. Rallies organized by a new grassroots movement called PEGIDA, or Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamization of the West, have become a weekly event in the eastern city of Dresden.
    (Reuters, 1/6/15)

2015        Jan 10, In Germany tens of thousands protested in Dresden against racism and for an open society. This came in reaction to weekly anti-Islamic rallies organized by PEGIDA.
    (SSFC, 1/11/15, p.A6)

2015        Jan 11, In Germany the Hamburger Morgenpost was firebombed overnight. The tabloid had paid tribute to those killed at Charlie Hebdo by reprinting cartoons from the French satirical paper mocking the Prophet Mohammed. Two people were soon detained
    (AFP, 1/11/15)(SFC, 1/12/15, p.A2)

2015        Jan 12, Ukraine, Russia, Germany and France scrapped plans to hold a summit in Kazakhstan later this week because of the failure to implement a four-month-old ceasefire agreement fully and there was no sign of when it might be rescheduled.
    (Reuters, 1/13/15)

2015        Jan 13, In Dresden, Germany, an Eritrean asylum seeker (20) was found stabbed to death in a killing that came amid tensions over immigration in the region. An Eritrean man (26) was later arrested over the fatal stabbing of his compatriot.
    (AP, 1/15/15)(AP, 1/22/15)

2015        Jan 16, In Germany police in Berlin arrested two men on suspicion of recruiting fighters for the Islamic State group in Syria. Prosecutors said 250 police officers raided 11 residences at dawn, part of a months-old investigation into Turkish extremists.
    (AP, 1/16/15)

2015        Jan 19, In Germany more than 17,000 anti-racism demonstrators took to the streets in several cities to voice opposition to the PEGIDA anti-Islamic movement, whose own weekly rally was cancelled over a terrorism threat.
    (AFP, 1/19/15)

2015        Jan 21, Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel and eight ministers decided to halt arms exports to Saudi Arabia because of instability in the region.
    (AP, 1/25/15)
2015        Jan 21, In Germany Lutz Bachmann, a co-founder of PEGIDA, resigned after media published Facebook messages in which he called refugees “dirty" and posed as Adolph Hitler.
    (SFC, 1/26/15, p.A2)
2015        Jan 21, In four-way talks in Berlin involving Ukraine, Russia, Germany and France foreign ministers agreed a "demarcation line" between pro-Russian fighters and Kiev's forces from which withdrawal of heavy weapons could start. There were no details.
    (Reuters, 1/22/15)

2015        Jan 24, In Germany some 1,000 members of Pegada (patriotic Europeans against the Americanization of the Occident) took to the streets of Erfurt.
    (Econ, 2/7/15, p.51)

2015        Jan 29, In Germany dozens of flights were canceled at Duesseldorf and Cologne-Bonn airports after private security workers walked off the job in a dispute over wages.
    (AP, 1/29/15)

2015        Jan 31, Richard von Weizsaecker (b.1920), former German President (1984-1994), died overnight in Berlin. He had declared Germany's World War II surrender a "day of liberation" for his country as he urged it to confront the Nazi past, and promoted reconciliation during a tenure spanning the reunification of west and east. He was the first German president to visit Israel.
    (AP, 1/31/15)(Econ., 2/14/15, p.86)

2015        Jan, Germany introduce a new minimum wage set at 62% of the average wage in east German states.
    (Econ, 7/25/15, p.61)

2015        Feb 5, The leaders of Germany and France announced a new peace plan for Ukraine, planning to fly together to Kiev and Moscow with a proposal to resolve the conflict.
    (Reuters, 2/5/15)

2015        Feb 6, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Francois Hollande arrived in Moscow for talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin on the Ukraine crisis.
    (Reuters, 2/6/15)
2015        Feb 6, Munich-based industrial machinery maker Siemens AG said it will cut 7,800 administrative jobs worldwide as part of an effort to streamline the sprawling company and its many businesses.
    (AP, 2/6/15)

2015        Feb 7, Germany's Angela Merkel warned that sending arms to help Ukraine fight pro-Russian separatists would not solve the crisis there, drawing a sharp rebuke from a leading US senator who accused Berlin of turning its back on an ally in distress.
    (Reuters, 2/7/15)

2015        Feb 12, Germany, France, Russia and Ukraine agreed a deal on that offers a "glimmer of hope" for an end to fighting in eastern Ukraine after marathon overnight talks in Belarus. The deal envisages a ceasefire between Ukrainian forces and Russian-backed separatists starting on Feb 15, followed by the withdrawal of heavy weapons from the front line and constitutional reform to give eastern Ukraine more autonomy.
    (Reuters, 2/12/15)

2015        Feb 13, Germany condemned a cartoon published Feb 8 in a Greek leftist newspaper close to the new ruling party in Athens that depicts Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble in a Nazi uniform making comments that invoke the Holocaust.
    (Reuters, 2/13/15)
2015        Feb 13, Saudi Arabia, Germany and Italy became the latest countries to withdraw embassy staff from Yemen as an exodus of foreign diplomats gathered pace due to growing insecurity.
    (AFP, 2/13/15)

2015        Feb 16, A German court said a 93-year-old man has been charged with 170,000 counts of accessory to murder on allegations he served as an SS guard at the Nazis' Auschwitz death camp in occupied Poland.
    (AP, 2/16/15)
2015        Feb 16, The leaders of France, Germany and Ukraine said that observers from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) must have "free access" for their work in eastern Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 2/16/15)

2015        Feb 18, In Germany the Roman Catholic archdiocese of Cologne published financial accounts indicating assets of 3.35 billion euros (($3.82 billion) at the end of 2013.
    (SFC, 2/19/15, p.A4)

2015        Feb 19, A German government spokesman said Russian President Vladimir Putin has agreed in a conference call with the leaders of France, Germany and Ukraine to use his influence on separatists to start an agreed prisoner swap with Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 2/19/15)

2015        Feb 24, In Germany the Emnid polling institute for Berlin's Free University said in a new survey that nearly a third of Germans believe that capitalism is the cause of poverty and hunger and a majority think true democracy is not possible under that economic system.
    (Reuters, 2/24/15)

2015        Mar 2, In Switzerland the large family car Volkswagen Passat was voted car of the year by European automotive editors at the Geneva International Motor Show.
    (AP, 3/2/15)

2015        Mar 9, In Greece a panel of judges decided that 64 Greek and German nationals should stand trial for bribery or money laundering over an alleged bribery scandal 17 years ago, involving a telecom contract for German industrial giant Siemens AG.
    (AP, 3/9/15)

2015        Mar 10, The radical left-led Greek government insisted that the debt-ridden country has never been fully compensated by Germany for its brutal World War II Nazi occupation, linking the issue with Greece's fraught bailout negotiations.
    (AP, 3/10/15)

2015        Mar 13, Germany’s top court ruled that Muslim women teachers can wear headscarves as long as it does not cause disruption in school overturning its own 2003 ban.
    (Reuters, 3/13/15)

2015        Mar 14, Germany’s Siemens AG signed  $10.5 billion deal with Egypt to build power plants to boost the country’s electricity generating capacity by up to a third.
    (SSFC, 3/15/15, p.A4)

2015        Mar 17, Germany, France and Italy followed Britain in announcing that they plan to join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, a proposed Chinese-led Asian regional bank, swinging Europe's biggest economic powers behind a project that is viewed with concern in Washington.
    (AP, 3/17/15)

2015        Mar 18, In Germany anti-capitalist protesters clashed with riot police near the new headquarters of the European Central Bank (ECB) in Frankfurt. Police counted 3,500; rally organizers said 7,000.
    (Reuters, 3/18/15)
2015        Mar 18, A German court banned Uber from offering its ridesharing service nationwide, adding to the company's troubles in Europe.
    (AP, 3/18/15)
2015        Mar 18, In Germany hundreds of flights were canceled in a strike by Lufthansa pilots at the airline's short- and medium-haul operations.
    (AP, 3/18/15)

2015        Mar 19, Lufthansa, Germany's largest airline, had to cancel 84 of 153 of its long-haul flights, affecting 18,000 passengers as a strike by pilots was extended to long-haul flights.
    (AP, 3/19/15)

2015        Mar 20, Germany-based Lufthansa canceled hundreds more flights as pilots went on strike for the third consecutive day and announced they would continue the walk-out over the weekend.
    (AP, 3/20/15)

2015        Mar 24, An Airbus A320 Germanwings airplane, operated by Lufthansa, crashed in the French Alps as it flew from Barcelona to Duesseldorf. 150 people were killed. On March 26 investigators said Co-pilot Andreas Lubitz of the doomed Germanwings jet barricaded himself in the cockpit and "intentionally" sent the plane full speed into a mountain in the French Alps.
    (AP, 3/24/15)(Reuters, 3/26/15)

2015        Mar 25, A number of pilots at Lufthansa's low-cost subsidiary Germanwings refused to fly following the deadly crash a day earlier in the French Alps, saying they were mourning the victims of the doomed aircraft.
    (AFP, 3/25/15)

2015        Mar 26, Airlines rushed to change their rules so as to require a second crew member in the cockpit at all times, hours after French prosecutors suggested co-pilot Andreas Lubitz (27) had barricaded himself alone at the controls of a German jetliner and crashed it on purpose.
    (Reuters, 3/26/15)

2015        Mar 31, In Germany windstorm Niklas, which entailed wind speeds of up to 192 kilometers (119 miles) per hour, was one of the five most costly storms to hit the country in the last 15 years. German insurers later said they were likely to face damage claims of around 750 million euros ($808 million).
    (Reuters, 4/20/15)

2015        Apr 1, German police Officer Detlev Guenzel was convicted of murder for killing Wojciech Stempniewicz, whom he met in an Internet chat forum devoted to cannibalism in November, 2013. A regional court in Dresden sentenced Guenzel to eight years and six months in prison. In 2016 a retrial sentenced Guenzel to eight years and seven months.
    (AP, 4/1/15)(AFP, 12/13/16)

2015        Apr 5, In Germany Israeli citizen Yosi Damari was found killed in the ruins of a Berlin church with massive injuries to his head. On April 10 an Albanian man was arrested in the Czech Republic on suspicion of beating Damari to death.
    (AP, 4/8/15)(AFP, 4/10/15)

2015        Apr 13, In Germany some 10,000 supporters of the anti-foreigner Pegida movement rallied in Dresden, where Geert Wilders, leader of a xenophobic party in the Netherlands, was a featured speaker.
    (Econ., 4/18/15, p.46)
2015        Apr 13, German author Gunter Grass (b.1927) died in Luebeck. the Nobel-winning writer (1999) achieved worldwide fame with his debut and best-known novel "The Tin Drum" in 1959. In his last interview on March 21 Grass said he feared humanity was "sleepwalking" into a world war.
    (AFP, 4/14/15)(SFC, 4/14/15, p.A5)

2015        Apr 23, US and British authorities said German banking giant Deutsche Bank will pay $2.5 billion in fines for its role in a vast multi-year conspiracy to rig LIBOR interest rates.
    (AFP, 4/23/15)
2015        Apr 23, German customs authorities said they found 257 kg (567 pounds) of pure cocaine last month in a shipment of peanuts from Argentina.
    (AP, 4/23/15)

2015        Apr 30, German officials said police have arrested two people, reportedly a married couple with Islamic Salafist ties, suspected of planning an attack and found a bomb at their home.
    (AFP, 4/30/15)

2015        May 6, German authorities conducted raids across the country, seizing explosives and arresting four people accused of founding a right-wing extremist group to attack mosques and housing for asylum seekers.
    (AP, 5/6/15)
2015        May 6, In Germany a Berlin court overturned a federal entry ban on a group of nationalist Russian bikers planning to commemorate the defeat of Nazi Germany 70 years ago by riding their motorcycles through the capital to mark the anniversary of the end of World War II in Europe.
    (AP, 5/6/15)

2015        May 7, German media reported that Germany has halted its Internet surveillance for the US National Security Agency (NSA) in response to a row over the BND intelligence agency's cooperation with Washington.
    (Reuters, 5/7/15)
2015        May 7, The leader of Germany's GDL train drivers' union said its seven-day strike would continue and rejected the latest offer by rail operator Deutsche Bahn for mediation in a dispute over pay and negotiating rights.
    (Reuters, 5/7/15)
2015        May 7, Germany's Siemens says it will cut another 4,500 jobs to streamline its business and improve profitability.
    (AP, 5/7/15)

2015        May 8, In Germany a group of Russian nationalist bikers known as the Night Wolves and their supporters took part in ceremony in Berlin marking the Allied victory over the Nazis in World War II.
    (AP, 5/8/15)

2015        May 12, Die Zeit Online reported that Germany's BND intelligence agency sends mammoth amounts of phone and text data to the US National Security Agency (NSA) each month.
    (Reuters, 5/12/15)

2015        May 16, In western Germany a train hit the trailer of a tractor at a road crossing, killing the train driver and one passenger and injuring at least 20 others near Ibbenbueren.
    (AP, 5/16/15)

2015        May 18, France, Germany and Italy agreed to develop a European drone program for reconnaissance and surveillance, seeking to inject momentum into a proposal first considered in 2013.
    (Reuters, 5/18/15)

2015        May 21, German railways operator Deutsche Bahn announced an end to a drivers strike that had paralyzed train travel in Europe's biggest economy, after the feuding sides agreed to mediation.
    (AFP, 5/21/15)
2015        May 20, German lawmakers agreed to make symbolic payments of $11 million to former Soviet prisoners of war in acknowledgement of their suffering at the hands of Nazis.
    (SFC, 5/21/15, p.A2)

2015        May 23, In Germany a fire broke out overnight in a guesthouse in Schneizlreuth, southeast of Munich. 6 people were missing and feared dead in the converted farmhouse.
    (AP, 5/23/15)

2015        May 28, In Germany finance ministers and central bank governors of the G7 wealthiest nations gathered in Dresden to seek ways of boosting global growth.
    (AFP, 5/28/15)

2015        Jun 4, In Germany more than 30,000 people in Munich demonstrated against a G7 summit starting at the weekend in Bavaria. Environmentalists, opposition parties and anti-globalization activists called the rally under the banner "Stop TTIP - Save the Climate - Fight Poverty".
    (AFP, 6/4/15)

2015        Jun 6, In Germany thousands of demonstrators packed the Alpine resort town of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, protesting over a wide range of causes before the arrival of the leaders of the G7 industrialized democracies for a two-day summit.
    (AP, 6/6/15)
2015        Jun 6, A German man (65) died after contracting MERS during a trip to Abu Dhabi, in the first death linked to the virus in Europe this year.
    (AFP, 6/16/15)

2015        Jun 7, In Germany leaders from the Group of Seven (G7) industrial nations backed a tough line toward Moscow at the start of a summit in the Bavarian Alps, with US Pres. Barack Obama urging the gathering to stand up to Russian aggression in Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 6/7/15)

2015        Jun 8, In Germany G7 leaders agreed to wean their economies off carbon fuels and supported a global goal for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. G7leaders also said they were concerned about tensions in the East and South China Seas and called for countries to abide by international law.
    (Reuters, 6/8/15)

2015        Jun 12, Germany's top public prosecutor closed a year-long investigation into the suspected tapping of Chancellor Angela Merkel's cell phone by US spies, saying there was a lack of evidence that would stand up in court.
    (Reuters, 6/12/15)

2015        Jun 19, Germany's Environment Ministry said 62 former military bases and training areas are being turned into nature reserves, providing some 77,000 new acres of protected land for wildlife.
    (AP, 6/19/15)

2015        Jun 20, In Germany Al-Jazeera journalist Ahmed Mansour (52) was arrested at a Berlin airport, after Germany acted on an international arrest warrant issued by his native country Egypt. An Egyptian court had sentenced Mansour in absentia in 2014 to 15 years in prison, for "torturing a lawyer in 2011 on Tahrir Square" in Cairo, epicenter of an anti-regime uprising that brought down former president Hosni Mubarak. Mansour was soon released without charges.
    (AFP, 6/21/15)(Reuters, 6/22/15)

2015        Jun 28, In Germany the Grafenrheinfeld reactor in the southern state of Bavaria was taken offline overnight as scheduled. It had gone into service in 1981 and was the first to close since the oldest eight of 17 nuclear reactors closed in 2011.
    (AP, 6/28/15)

2015        Jul 1, Wikileaks published a list of German phone numbers that it claimed showed the US National Security Agency eavesdropped on senior German officials beyond Chancellor Angela Merkel.
    (SFC, 7/2/15, p.A2)

2015        Jul 9, German space agency DLR made contact with the Philae space probe that landed on a comet last year for the first time in more than two weeks.
    (AP, 7/10/15)

2015        Jul 10, In Germany a man from the town of Ansbach named as Bernd G. (47) shot and killed two people in northern Bavaria. Two mechanics working at a petrol station in Bad Windsheim overpowered the man after he entered the shop and threatened employees with a gun.
    (Reuters, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 9, German space agency DLR made contact with the Philae space probe that landed on a comet last year for the first time in more than two weeks.
    (AP, 7/10/15)

2015        Jul 15, In Germany Oskar Groening (94), known as the "bookkeeper of Auschwitz," was sentenced to four years in prison for his role in the murder of 300,000 people at the Nazi death camp. Groening, who had been sent to work at the camp in 1942, inspected people's luggage, removing and counting any bank notes and sending them on to SS offices in Berlin, where they helped to fund the Nazi war effort.
    (Reuters, 7/15/15)

2015        Jul 17, German lawmakers voted in favor of Berlin starting negotiations on a third bailout program for Greece, but a sizeable minority opposed the talks, in a setback for Chancellor Angela Merkel.
    (Reuters, 7/17/15)

2015        Jul 19, German Economy Minister Sigmar Gabriel arrived in Iran with an economic delegation, becoming the first high-ranking western politician to visit the country after it struck a nuclear deal with world powers.
    (Reuters, 7/19/15)

2015        Jul 20, Iran and Germany moved tentatively towards reviving a once close trade relationship, anticipating the lifting of western economic sanctions against Tehran following a landmark nuclear deal as Economy Minister Sigmar Gabriel made the first top level German government visit to Tehran in 13 years.
    (Reuters, 7/20/15)

2015        Jul 24, In Germany 49 countries reached a deal to cut tariffs on around 200 technology products. The WTO said major economies reached a tentative accord that caps three years of talks. details of the deal should be finalized by December.
    (AP, 7/24/15)

2015        Jul 27, French farmers angry over low prices turned back hundreds of trucks at the German border, looking for cargos of foreign meat and milk products.
    (AP, 7/27/15)

2015        Jul 28, In Germany the 14th annual Maccabi Games, Europe’s largest Jewish sporting event, opened in Berlin.
    (Econ, 8/1/15, p.48)

2015        Jul 29, German police began finding some 400 kg (880 pounds) of cocaine hidden inside shipments of bananas sent to supermarkets across the north and west of the country.
    (AP, 7/31/15)

2015        Aug 1, In Germany some 1,300 people rallied in Berlin in support of two journalists who prosecutors are investigating for treason over two reports revealing authorities' plans to expand surveillance of online communication.
    (AP, 8/1/15)

2015        Aug 3, A consortium of German automakers Audi, BMW and Daimler announced it is buying Nokia Corp.'s HERE map business in a deal that values the unit at 2.8 billion euros ($3.1 billion).
    (AP, 8/3/15)

2015        Aug 5, Two German-speaking jihadists claiming to belong to the Islamic State militant group, threatened Germany with attacks in an execution video broadcast online. The five-minute clip shows the men use assault rifles to kill two bound and kneeling male hostages in the Syrian ancient city of Palmyra.
    (AFP, 8/5/15)

2015        Aug 7, News weekly Der Spiegel said Germany's domestic spy agency named not just bloggers but also lawmakers in a criminal complaint that sparked a controversial treason probe.
    (AFP, 8/7/15)

2015        Aug 18, The Greek government gazette said reported an agreement to sell to a German company the rights to operate 14 regional airports.
    (AP, 8/18/15)

2015        Aug 19, Germany's parliament approved a third bailout for Greece after Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble argued the country should get "a new start", while in Athens the government agonized over whether to call a snap election.
    (Reuters, 8/19/15)

2015        Aug 20, German federal prosecutors said they have charged a German spy, identified as Markus R. (32), for allegedly acting as a double agent for the US and Russia and harming the country’s national security.
    (SFC, 8/21/15, p.A2)

2015        Aug 22, In Germany at least 31 police officers were hurt in scuffles with about 600 protesters, many hurling bottles and stones, angry about the arrival of asylum seekers in the eastern town of Heidenau near Dresden.
    (Reuters, 8/22/15)

2015        Aug 23, German Vice Chancellor Sigmar Gabriel said the number of asylum-seekers in Germany is expected to hit 800,000 in this year.
    (AFP, 8/23/15)

2015        Aug 25, Germany confirmed it has stopped returning Syrian asylum-seekers to their first port of entry in the EU, an action hailed as "European solidarity" as thousands more migrants pour into the bloc seeking refuge.
    (AFP, 8/25/15)

2015        Aug 29, The leaders of France, Germany and Russia backed a new ceasefire in eastern Ukraine in a three-way phone call.
    (Reuters, 8/29/15)

2015        Sep 3, France and Germany agreed that the European Union, facing an unprecedented influx of migrants, should impose binding quotas on the numbers member states take in.
    (AFP, 9/3/15)

2015        Sep 4, Austria and Germany threw open their borders to thousands of exhausted migrants, bussed to the Hungarian border by a right-wing government that had tried to stop them but was overwhelmed by the sheer numbers reaching Europe’s frontiers.
    (Reuters, 9/5/15)(Econ, 10/1/16, p.54)

2015        Sep 6, German police said they expected a record 10,000 refugees to arrive through the southern state of Bavaria today.
    (AFP, 9/6/15)

2015        Sep 7, German media reported that Germany’s foreign intelligence agency BND has collected evidence of mustard gas use in northern Iraq by the Islamic State group.
    (AP, 9/7/15)

2015        Sep 9, A German court issued an injunction ordering a halt to a strike by pilots at Lufthansa, that caused the cancelation of 1,000 flights affecting 140,000 travelers.
    (AP, 9/9/15)
2015        Sep 9, All train services were halted between Germany and Denmark after Danish police stopped hundreds of migrants arriving by train across the border.
    (AP, 9/9/15)

2015        Sep 12, In western Germany 5 young men were killed when a train hit their car at a crossing in Monzingen.
    (AP, 9/12/15)

2015        Sep 13, German Economy Minister Sigmar Gabriel said in a newspaper interview that Germany was now reaching its limit as thousands of refugees continue to stream across its borders every day. Germany began reinstating controls at its border with Austria as it struggled to cope with a record influx of refugees.
    (Reuters, 9/13/15)(AFP, 9/13/15)

2015        Sep 14, Austria and Slovakia said they were reinstating border controls to cope with a flood of refugees, following a similar move by Germany, which warned it could face up to one million migrant arrivals this year.
    (AFP, 9/14/15)

2015        Sep 15, Germany called for an EU summit on Europe's biggest migrant crisis since World War II as Hungary's right-wing government shut the main land route for migrants into the EU, taking matters into its own hands to halt Europe's influx of refugees. Berlin called for financial penalties against countries that refused to accommodate their share of migrants, drawing a furious response from central Europe.
    (Reuters, 9/15/15)(AFP, 9/15/15)

2015        Sep 17, In Germany police were called after reports that a man was waving a knife about on a street in Spandau, Berlin. The man, a known Islamic extremist, seriously injured a female officer before another officer shot and killed him.
    (AP, 9/17/15)

2015        Sep 18, In Germany employees of a logistics company in Woerth am Rhein found 300 kg (661 pounds) of cocaine in a container loaded with engine parts that had been shipped from Brazil to the Belgian port of Antwerp.
    (AP, 9/29/15)
2015        Sep 18, America’s Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) revealed that several diesel-engined Volkswagens and Audis had software which switched NOX-controlling technology on only when faced with highly predictable sort of demands seen under test conditions.
    (Econ, 9/26/15, p.24)

2015        Sep 21, In Germany Volkswagen chief Martin Winterkorn came under pressure as the company saw around 15 billion euros ($16.9 billion) wiped off its market value following revelations that the German carmaker rigged US emissions tests for about 500,000 diesel cars.
    (AP, 9/21/15)

2015        Sep 22, German police carried out dawn raids in Berlin targeting individuals suspected of inciting people to go and fight for the Islamic State group in Syria.
    (AFP, 9/22/15)

2015        Sep 23, Volkswagen CEO Martin Winterkorn said he is stepping down. His bonuses survived and he received €5.9m in performance related pay for 2015.
    (AP, 9/23/15)(Econ, 6/25/16, p.12)

2015        Sep 24, German customs investigators said they had seized their largest-ever haul of illegal pharmaceuticals -- 3.5 million pills from India, mostly slimming and sexual potency "lifestyle drugs". The seizures were carried out in some 20 raids on homes, flats and garages earlier this month.
    (AFP, 9/24/15)
2015        Sep 24, It was reported that Matthias Mueller, the head of German luxury sports car maker Porsche, has been picked to succeed Martin Winterkorn as the chief executive of scandal-battered auto giant Volkswagen.
    (AFP, 9/24/15)

2015        Sep 28, A German court jailed Ignace Murwanashyaka, the former political leader of the FDLR, a Rwandan Hutu rebel group, for abetting war crimes committed in neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) from his European exile. Straton Musoni, his one-time deputy, also got eight years on a charge of being a ringleader of a terrorist organization.
    (Reuters, 9/28/15)

2015        Sep 29, Germany toughened rules for asylum seekers from the Balkans as Europe struggled to cope with a record surge in migrants, with those crossing the Mediterranean exceeding the half a million mark.
    (AFP, 9/29/15)

2015        Sep 30, Germany said it has told the European Commission that it will ban growing crops with genetically modified organisms (GMOs) under a rule that allows European Union countries to opt out of GMO cultivation.
    (AP, 10/1/15)

2015        Sep, Some 200,000 migrants arrived in Germany this month. Forecasts for the year rose to 800,000.
    (Econ, 10/10/15, p.51) 

2015        Oct 1, German police said some 200 Syrian and Afghan refugees clashed in a crowded refugee center in Hamburg overnight, leaving four people injured in the third such riot this week.
    (AFP, 10/1/15)

2015        Oct 2, The leaders of France, Germany, Russia and Ukraine met in Paris to consolidate a fragile peace in Ukraine. The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) said monitors have spotted a Russian mobile TOS-1 'Buratino' weapons system in rebel-held Ukraine this week.
    (AFP, 10/2/15)(Reuters, 10/2/15)

2015        Oct 5, Indian PM Narendra Modi said Germany will provide India more than 2 billion euros ($2.25 billion) for developing a clean energy corridor and solar projects following talks with Chancellor Angela Merkel.
    (Reuters, 10/5/15)

2015        Oct 10, In Germany hundreds of thousands of people marched in Berlin in protest against a planned free trade deal between Europe and the United States that they say is anti-democratic and will lower food safety, labor and environmental standards.
    (Reuters, 10/10/15)

2015        Oct 13, Germany said it has extended controls along its borders until the end of October as refugees continue to stream in.
    (Reuters, 10/13/15)
2015        Oct 13, German auto giant Volkswagen announced it would slash one billion euros off its annual investment budget and push ahead with its drive to develop electric cars in the wake of the diesel pollution scandal.
    (AFP, 10/13/15)

2015        Oct 15, German auto giant Volkswagen said it will recall a total of 8.5 million diesel vehicles Europe-wide that are equipped with sophisticated software enabling their engines to cheat pollution tests.
    (AFP, 10/15/15)

2015        Oct 16, German newsweekly Der Spiegel reported that Germany's winning bid for the 2006 World Cup was aided by bribes paid to FIFA executive committee members.
    (AP, 10/16/15)

2015        Oct 23, Germany defended a decision to allow the export of tanks and artillery to Qatar, saying it was confident the arms would not be used in a war in Yemen between government supporters and the Iran-allied Houthis.
    (Reuters, 10/23/15)
2015        Oct 23, German authorities arrested an Iranian man on suspicion he was spying for Tehran. Maysam P. (31) was accused of spying since December 2013 for Iran on the opposition group known as the People's Mujahedin of Iran, or MEK.
    (AP, 10/28/15)

2015        Oct 28, Germany's Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere said the rising number of Afghan asylum seekers was "unacceptable", as he urged young citizens of the south Asian nation to stay at home and rebuild their homeland.
    (AFP, 10/28/15)

2015        Oct 29, Berlin police arrested a 32-year-old man suspected of abducting a 4-year-old migrant boy after a child's body was found in his car. Mohamed Januzi of Bosnia disappeared on Oct. 1 while waiting outside the offices of the government program for social care with his mother and two siblings. Police the next day said Silvio S. had confessed during questioning to killing both Mohamed Januzi, and six-year-old Elias from Potsdam, who went missing in July. On July 26, 2016, Silvio S. was jailed for life.
    (Reuters, 10/29/15)(AP, 10/30/15)(Reuters, 7/26/16)
2015        Oct 29, German police said they have searched the homes of 13 people as part of an international swoop on users of the mobile phone malware DroidJack, which allows cybercriminals to assume control of Android smartphones without users being aware.
    (AFP, 10/29/15)

2015        Nov 6, Germany's parliament voted to criminalize commercial euthanasia after rejecting draft laws that would have made assisted suicide fully legal in the country. German lawmakers passed a bill allowing assisted suicide for "altruistic motives" but banning the practice in cases where it is being conducted on a "business" basis.
    (Reuters, 11/6/15)(AP, 11/6/15)
2015        Nov 6, Germany's flagship airline, Lufthansa, canceled 290 flights as cabin crew workers went on strike at Frankfurt and Duesseldorf airports.
    (AP, 11/6/15)

2015        Nov 7, Cabin crew at Lufthansa staged a second day of strikes, forcing the German airline to cancel some 520 short- and medium-haul flights.
    (AP, 11/7/15)

2015        Nov 9, In Germany some 113,000 Lufthansa passengers were facing domestic and international cancellations due to all-day walkouts at three airports staged by a cabin crew union protesting cost cuts.
    (AP, 11/9/15)

2015        Nov 10, In Germany Helmut Schmidt (96), former West German chancellor (1974-1982), died at his home in Hamburg. He had guided West Germany through economic turbulence and Cold War tensions, stood firm against a wave of homegrown terrorism and became a respected elder statesman.
    (AP, 11/10/15)(Econ, 11/14/15, p.94)

2015        Nov 11, German public radio station rbb-Inforadio reported that the country's foreign intelligence agency spied on the FBI and U.S. arms companies, adding to a growing list of targets among friendly nations the agency allegedly eavesdropped on. The station claimed that the BND also spied on the International Criminal Court in The Hague, the WHO, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius and even a German diplomat who headed an EU observer mission to Georgia from 2008 to 2011.
    (AP, 11/11/15)

2015        Nov 12, German police found the bodies of 8 babies in an apartment in Wallenfels, Bavaria. A woman (45) was found guilty of manslaughter in the death of four of her newborn babies. On July 20, 2016, the Coburg state court sentenced the woman, whose name was not released, to 14 years in prison.
    (AFP, 11/13/15)(AP, 7/20/16)
2015        Nov 12, The Brazilian government said its environmental protection agency has fined Volkswagen $13 million over the automaker's emissions cheating scheme.
    (AP, 11/12/15)

2015        Nov 17, German police arrested two more people in connection with the Nov 13 Paris attacks, bringing to seven the total number of arrests linked to the deadly events.
    (Reuters, 11/17/15)

2015        Nov 18, Germany said it will send 130 more soldiers to Afghanistan in support for Afghan forces struggling to tackle an Islamist insurgency.
    (Reuters, 11/18/15)

2015        Nov 20, The Bavarian Interior Ministry said more than 900,000 migrants have been registered in Germany since the beginning of the year.
    (Reuters, 11/20/15)

2015        Nov 25, Germany said it will send up to 650 soldiers to Mali to provide some relief to France in its global fight against the Islamic State jihadists.
    (AFP, 11/25/15)

2015        Nov 26, Germany confirmed that it will deploy Tornado reconnaissance jets to support France in the fight against Islamic State militants in Syria.
    (Reuters, 11/26/15)
2015        Nov 26, Ten European governments signed a letter to the European Commission calling for a summit-level debate on the Nord Stream II project, Russia's plans to extend its gas link to Germany.
    (Reuters, 11/27/15)

2015        Nov 28, In Duesseldorf, Germany, Britain's Tyson Fury (27) was crowned the new world heavyweight champion after a unanimous points win over Wladimir Klitschko (39), who suffered his first defeat in eleven years.
    (AFP, 11/29/15)

2015        Nov 29, In Germany clashes broke out between hundreds of asylum seekers at a shelter in Berlin, in the second mass brawl to erupt over the weekend in the crowded migrant accommodations.
    (AFP, 11/29/15)

2015        Dec 1, The German cabinet approved a mandate offering military assistance to back the international fight against the Islamic State jihadist group following the Paris attacks.
    (AFP, 12/1/15)

2015        Dec 2, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Afghanistan's visiting President Ashraf Ghani agreed to work jointly for stability in the South Asian country and to reduce illegal migration.
    (AFP, 12/2/15)

2015        Dec 4, Germany's lower house of parliament approved government plans to join the military campaign against Islamic State in Syria.
    (Reuters, 12/4/15)

2015        Dec 7, Germany said the number of people registered as asylum-seekers this year hit 965,000 by the end of November.
    (AP, 12/7/15)
2015        Dec 7, The German firm JAB Holding Co. announced a $13.9 billion acquisition of Keurig Green Mountain as part of its quest to dominate the global coffee industry. JAB Holding is the investment arm of the Reimann family, heirs to consumer goods company Joh. A. Benckisser GmbH.
    (SFC, 12/8/15, p.D3)

2015        Dec 10, German authorities said five South Koreans have been arrested on suspicion of murder following the death of a relative in an exorcism ritual attempting to "expel a demon" at a Frankfurt hotel. On Feb 20, 2017, the five South Koreans were convicted. The main defendant was sentenced to six years in prison. Four others were given suspended sentences of between 18 months and two years.
    (AP, 12/10/15)(AP, 2/20/17)

2015        Dec 12, In Germany riots started this evening started after hundreds of leftwing activists demonstrated against a rally by far-right protesters in Leipzig earlier in the day. 69 officers have been injured and some 50 police cars were damaged.
    (AP, 12/13/15)
2015        Dec 12, In Germany Ivory Coast footballer Steve Gohouri (34) went missing. His body found in the Rhine river on New Year's Eve in the city of Krefeld. Gohouri was playing this season for German fourth-tier side TSV Steinbach.
    (AP, 1/2/16)

2015        Dec 15, German Islamist preacher Sven Lau (35) was arrested for recruiting fighters for a militant group in Syria and purchasing and delivering military equipment.
    (Reuters, 12/15/15)

2015        Dec 16, Germany introduced a new police unit that officials said will be better armed, outfitted and trained to deal with terrorism.
    (AP, 12/16/15)

2015        Dec 19, In Connecticut German conductor Kurt Masur (b.1927) died. He is credited with helping prevent violence after the collapse of communism in East Germany and later reinvigorated the New York Philharmonic during an 11-year stint as music director.
    (AP, 12/19/15)

2015        Dec 23, Organizers said Pope Francis will accept next year's Charlemagne prize, a prominent annual German award for promoting European values.
    (AFP, 12/23/15)
2015        Dec 23, German investigators in North Rhine-Westphalia state arrested a 40-year-old Italian man, who wasn't identified, in Gelsenkirchen as he left his hiding place. Investigators later said he was a member of the Sacra Corona Unita group, based in southeastern Italy, and will soon be extradited to Italy.
    (AP, 12/29/15)

2015        Dec 29, A German court sentenced former Rwandan mayor Onesphore Rwabukombe (58) to life in prison, convicting him after a second trial of participating in genocide for helping organize the killing of some 400 members of the Tutsi minority in 1994.
    (AP, 12/29/15)

2015        Dec 31, In Germany dozens of apparently coordinated sexual assaults took place against women on New Year's Eve in the western city of Cologne. "Arab-looking men" were blamed. The port city of Hamburg also reported around 10 similar attacks against women on New Year's Eve. By Jan 19 the number of complaints had risen to over 800.
    (AFP, 1/4/16)(SFC, 1/20/16, p.A2)

2015        German writer Christine Eichel authored “Deutschland, Lutherland: Why the Reformation Still Impresses Us Today."
    (Econ, 1/7/17, p.45)
2015        In Germany Niels Hoegel was found guilty of two murders, two attempted murders and one count of serious bodily harm at a clinic in the northern town of Delmenhorst. In 2016 prosecutors said Hoegel, who was convicted of killing patients with overdoses of heart medication, had at least 43 victims. In 2017 investigators said he may have killed over 100 patients.
    (AP, 11/25/16)(SFC, 11/10/17, p.A5)
2015        Germany’s car makers employed one in seven workers nationwide.
    (Econ, 11/21/15, p.59)
2015        Germany accepted some 1.1 million refugees this year.
    (Econ, 2/13/15, p.51)

2016        Jan 8, New copies of Hitler's "Mein Kampf" hit bookstores in Germany for the first time since World War II, unsettling some Jewish community leaders. The book fell into the public domain on January 1.
    (AFP, 1/8/16)

2016        Jan 9, In Germany police fired tear gas and used water cannon to clear a rally in Cologne of the far-right xenophobic PEGIDA movement, after protesters hurled firecrackers and bottles at officers.
    (AFP, 1/9/16)

2016        Jan 10, German police said two Pakistanis and a Syrian man were injured in attacks by gangs of people in Cologne.
    (Reuters, 1/11/16)

2016        Jan 11, German police said arrested 211 far-right extremists who went on a rampage on the sidelines of a xenophobic rally in Leipzig, setting cars on fire and smashing windows.
    (AFP, 1/12/16)

2016        Jan 20, German and Turkish police announced major coordinated raids against a criminal trafficking network that used unseaworthy ships to send more than 1,700 refugees to Europe.
    (AFP, 1/20/16)

2016        Jan 27, German Chancellor Angela Merkel's cabinet agreed to make it easier to expel foreigners who have committed crimes, in the wake of a spate of sex assaults on New Year's Eve blamed on migrants.
    (AFP, 1/27/16)

2016        Feb 1, In Germany Hamdi H. (26) and Marvin N. (24) raced at up to 170 kph (106 mph) through multiple red lights on Berlin's Kurfuerstendamm boulevard until Hamid H. ran into a Jeep, killing the 69-year-old driver. In 2017 the two men were convicted of murder in Berlin State Court and sentenced to life in prison. In 2018 a federal appeals court reversed the murder conviction and ordered a new trial.
    (AP, 3/1/18)

2016        Feb 5, The head of Germany's domestic intelligence agency (BfV) said Islamic State militants have slipped into Europe disguised as refugees.
    (Reuters, 2/5/16)

2016        Feb 6, In Germany a march by the anti-Islamic organisation Pegida drew thousands to the eastern city of Dresden with rallies in support of the movement also held in a string of other European cities.
    (AFP, 2/6/16)

2016        Feb 8, In Germany hundreds of thousands of people packed the streets of Cologne for its annual Rose Monday parade, the culmination of five days of Carnival festivities.
    (AP, 2/8/16)

2016        Feb 9, In Germany two passenger trains collided head-on near a Bavarian spa town about 60 km (37 miles) southeast of Munich. In July German prosecutors brought charges against a rail dispatcher accused of causing the crash that killed 12 while playing a mobile phone game on duty. On Dec 5 dispatcher Michael Paul (40) was sentenced to three-and-a-half-years in prison.
    (Reuters, 2/9/16)(AP, 2/10/16)(AFP, 7/18/16)(AP, 12/5/16)

2016        Feb 12, Meeting in Germany major powers agreed to a cessation of hostilities in Syria set to begin in a week and to provide rapid humanitarian access to besieged Syrian towns, but failed to secure a complete ceasefire or an end to Russian bombing.
    (Reuters, 2/12/16)

2016        Feb 21, The Berlin film festival wrapped up after "Fire at Sea", a harrowing documentary about Europe's refugee crisis, clinched its Golden Bear top prize from a jury led by Meryl Streep.
    (AFP, 2/21/16)

2016        Mar 3, German police arrested a doctor in Berlin suspected of convincing a young man to join Islamic State in Iraq, where he carried out a suicide bombing on behalf of the insurgents. The recruit (24), who was described in a statement as "mentally unfit", traveled to Islamic State-controlled territory in 2014 and killed at least 12 Iraqi soldiers in a suicide bombing in the city of Baiji in May last year.
    (Reuters, 3/3/16)

2016        Mar 10, The German Embassy in Tirana said 806 Albanians were repatriated from Germany last week after their asylum requests were rejected. Some 3,400 Albanians have been deported from Germany this year.
    (SFC, 3/10/16, p.A2)

2016        Mar 13, Germans turned out in force to vote in three state elections, with the anti-immigration Alternative for Germany (AfD) party looking to profit from popular angst about Chancellor Angela Merkel's welcome of more than a million migrants. The three elections produced painful losses for Merkel’s conservative Christian Democratic Union.
    (Reuters, 3/13/16)(AP, 3/14/16)

2016        Mar 15, German police opened a homicide probe after a car bomb killed a driver on a central Berlin street, with authorities saying there was currently no terrorism link.
    (AFP, 3/15/16)

2016        Mar 16, Germany banned a neo-Nazi group called the "White Wolves Terror Crew" after police targeted its members in dawn raids in 10 states.
    (AFP, 3/16/16)

2016        Mar 17, Germany’s dpa news agency reported that Markus R., whose last name wasn't given in line with privacy laws, was found by the Munich state court to have sold some 200 highly classified documents to the CIA between 2008 and 2014 for 80,000 euros ($91,000).
    (AP, 3/17/16)

2016        Mar 18, A German federal court ruled that a levy charged to every household to finance public broadcasters, regardless of whether it has a radio or television, is constitutional. The current system under which households pay a monthly levy of 17.50 euros ($19.72) was introduced in 2013.
    (AP, 3/18/16)

2016        Mar 19, In Germany up to 200 men attacked police at Cologne's main train station in what authorities called a "massive riot." Fans of the soccer club 1. FC Kaiserslautern threw fire extinguishers and metal bars at officers, injuring two of them.
    (AP, 3/20/16)

2016        Mar 23, Germany's Cabinet approved legislation meant to better control prostitution and make life safer for sex workers, a bill that includes making the use of condoms obligatory.
    (AP, 3/23/16)

2016        Mar 31, In Germany satirist Jan Boehmermann explained that he wanted to clarify the boundaries of free speech law and declaimed a series of fictional passages on TV depicting Turkey’s Pres. Recep Tayyip Erdogan engrossed in a series of athletically challenging sexual activities with barnyard animals.
    (Econ, 4/16/16, p.43)

2016        Apr 3, A year-long worldwide media investigation into a trove of 11.5 million documents, leaked from Panama-based from legal firm Mossack Fonseca with offices in 35 countries, exposed a tangle of offshore financial dealings by the elite, from Russia’s Pres. Putin's aides to relatives of Chinese President Xi Jinping, sports celebrities and screen stars. The files had been anonymously passed to Suddeutsche Zeitung, a German newspaper and emerged in an investigation published by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ). The “Panama papers" unveiled the offshore holdings of 140 politicians and officials, including twelve current and former presidents, monarchs and prime ministers.
    (AFP, 4/4/16)(Reuters, 4/4/16)(Econ, 4/9/16, p.14, 59)

2016        Apr 5, German Justice Minister Heiko Maas said Germany plans to introduce a new national transparency register to make offshore companies disclose their owners' identity, as part of the fight against tax evasion and the financing of terrorism.
    (Reuters, 4/5/16)

2016        Apr 6, It was reported that Chinese author Cao Wenxuan and German illustrator Rotraut Susanne Berner have been awarded the Hans Christian Andersen Prize for children's literature during the Bologna Children's Book Fair.
    (AP, 4/6/16)

2016        Apr 8, The German state of Lower Saxony criticized Volkswagen's plans to pay bonuses to top managers when the carmaker is dealing with the diesel emissions crisis and set to cut costs.
    (Reuters, 4/8/16)

2016        Apr 14, German Chancellor Angela Merkel's ruling coalition agreed on sweeping measures to spur the integration of migrants and refugees in a "historic" first for a country that long resisted embracing immigration. The government agreed to require migrants granted residence rights to show willingness to integrate by learning German and seeking work or see their benefits cut.
    (AFP, 4/14/16)(Reuters, 4/14/16)
2016        Apr 14, Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Spain agreed to share information on company ownership to make it harder for criminals and tax cheats to avoid the law.
    (SFC, 4/16/16, p.A2)

2016        Apr 15, Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel called a short-notice news conference to personally announce that her government had granted Turkey's request to let prosecutors examine a criminal complaint against Jan Boehmermann. the comic for writing an intentionally offensive poem about Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Under German law, the government has to grant permission before prosecutors can consider whether to press charges against someone for the crime of insulting a foreign head of state.
    (AP, 4/16/16)

2016        Apr 16, The French and German foreign ministers arrived in Libya for talks with the head of the unity government Fayaz Seraj to offer support as he seeks to stabilize the North African state.
    (Reuters, 4/16/16)

2016        Apr 19, Germany asked Belgium to take two nuclear reactors temporarily off the grid while questions about their safety are cleared up, an unusual diplomatic move that underscores German concerns about the plants.
    (Reuters, 4/20/16)

2016        Apr 20, It was reported that Volkswagen and the US government have reached a deal in principle for the automaker to spend over $1 billion to compensate owners of about 600,000 diesel cars that cheat on emissions tests.
    (SFC, 4/20/16, p.C5)

2016        Apr 22, A German government source said around 630,000 Audi, Mercedes, Opel, Porsche and Volkswagen cars are to be recalled in Europe owing to irregularities in their emission of pollutants.
    (AFP, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, Germany-based Volkswagen announced a 4.1 billion euros ($4.6 billion) operating loss for 2015 as Europe's largest automaker took a 16.2 billion euros hit to pay for its diesel emissions test-rigging scandal.
    (Reuters, 4/22/16)

2016        Apr 22, In Germany more than 20,000 demonstrators turned out in Hannover to protest the planned US-Europe free trade agreement (TTIP), a day before the arrival of President Barack Obama.
    (AP, 4/23/16)

2016        Apr 23, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and top European Union officials arrived near Turkey's border with Syria in a bid to bolster a troubled migration deal with Turkey as they face increasing pressure to reassess the agreement.
    (AP, 4/23/16)

2016        Apr 24, President Barack Obama opened a two-day visit to Germany hoping to counter deep public skepticism about a trans-Atlantic trade deal with Europe as the continent grapples with economic challenges, terrorism and other pressing issues.
    (AP, 4/24/16)

2016        Apr 26, German government workers called short-term strikes in the run-up to wage discussions later this week. Lufthansa said it has cancelled 895 flights scheduled for April 27 from six German airports as public-sector workers doing ground handling and security checks were expected to walk off the job.
    (AP, 4/26/16)

2016        Apr 29, Germany's federal and local governments reached agreement with public sector workers on a pay rise, settling a dispute that grounded hundreds of flights during a warning strike two days earlier.
    (AFP, 4/29/16)

2016        Apr 30, German riot police arrested some 400 protesters as clashes erupted outside a meeting of the right-wing populist AfD party, which is set to adopt an anti-Islamic manifesto amid a rise in European anti-migrant groups. Up to 2,000 left-wing demonstrators clashed with police as they tried to break up the first full AfD conference.
    (AFP, 4/30/16)(Reuters, 5/1/16)

2016        May 1, Delegates from Germany's anti-immigration party Alternative for Germany (AfD) backed an election manifesto that says Islam is not compatible with the country's constitution and calls for a ban on minarets and the burqa.
    (Reuters, 5/1/16)

2016        May 4, Germany’s Health Ministry said the Cabinet has approved a bill that will allow patients to get cannabis as a prescription-only medication.
    (AP, 5/4/16)

2016        May 10, Germany announced plans to add 7,000 military jobs and 4,400 civilians to its armed forces over the next seven years to help tackle demands such as cybersecurity and the fight against Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 5/10/16)
2016        May 10, In Germany unemployed carpenter Paul H. (27) stabbed four people at a train station near Munich, killing one and injuring three. The man had reportedly shown up in a different part of Germany a few days ago, suspected of using drugs and exhibiting behavior suggesting he might be mentally disturbed.
    (Reuters, 5/10/16)(AFP, 5/11/16)

2016        May 11, Germany’s Justice Minister Heiko Maas announced plans to annul the historic convictions of tens of thousands of men charged under a law that criminalized homosexuality and to grant them financial compensation.
    (Reuters, 5/11/16)

2016        May 13, Germany's domestic secret service accused Russia of a series of international cyber attacks aimed at spying and sabotage, in "hybrid warfare" that also targeted the German parliament last year.
    (AFP, 5/13/16)

2016        May 15, German police said they have arrested more than 100 people demonstrating against a coal mining in eastern Germany. The protest was organized by the groups Klimatecamp (Climate Camp) and EndeGelaende, which loosely translates as "it's finished now." Their goal is to prevent the mining and use of coal.
    (AP, 5/15/16)

2016        May 17, Germany’s police said they have received a total of seven complaints alleging sexual harassment or assault at the Carnival of Cultures, an annual festival in Berlin that ran from May 13 to May 16.
    (AP, 5/17/16)

2016        May 18, Chinese appliance maker Midea made a $5.2 billion takeover offer for German industrial robot maker Kuka, a move that it says would help it capture a larger share of the "future service robots market."
    (AP, 5/18/16)

2016        May 23, Bayer of Germany said that it has offered $62 billion to acquire St. Louis-based Monsanto in a deal that would combine two of the world’s biggest companies of crop seeds and pesticides.
    (SFC, 5/23/16, p.D1)

2016        May 29, German airline Lufthansa said it is suspending its flights to Caracas, citing the difficult economic situation in Venezuela.
    (AP, 5/29/16)

2016        May 31, In Germany Rupert Neudeck (77), the co-founder of Germany-based humanitarian aid group Cap Anamur, died. The NGO helped to rescue more than 10,000 Vietnamese "boat people" in 1979. Following the Vietnamese crisis, Cap Anamur expanded to provide humanitarian aid globally, focusing on medical care and education.
    (AP, 5/31/16)

2016        Jun 2, German officials said at least 5 people have been killed in floods caused by prolonged heavy rain in southern Bavaria state and thousands of households were cut off from electricity. Earlier this week 3 people were killed in floods in the southwestern state of Baden-Wuerttemberg and a young girl was killed by a train as she took shelter from the rain under a railway bridge.
    (Reuters, 6/2/16)
2016        Jun 2, Turkey recalled its ambassador to Germany in protest against a parliament resolution declaring the 1915 massacre of Armenians by Ottoman forces a "genocide" at a time when Europe is looking for Ankara's help in the migrant crisis.
    (Reuters, 6/2/16)

2016        Jun 3, Volkswagen said it has received regulatory approval for technical fixes on some models, meaning it could now recall more than 800,000 of the 8.5 million cars affected by its diesel emissions scandal in Europe.
    (Reuters, 6/3/16)

2016        Jun 8, Germany-based Volkswagen said it has received regulatory approval to fix another 1.1 million cars, raising the number of VW models cleared for refitting to more than 2.5 million since the start of the year.
    (Reuters, 6/8/16)

2016        Jun 10, Berlin police found 80 kg (176 pounds) of heroin worth an estimated 3 million euros ($3.6 million). Two Lebanese men were arrested on narcotics charges and a third was being sought.
    (AP, 6/15/16)

2016        Jun 13, In Germany the chief editor of Turkish newspaper Hurriyet was presented with a Freedom of Speech award by German public broadcaster Deutsche Welle as concerns grow over press freedom in Turkey.
    (AFP, 6/13/16)

2016        Jun 14, Justice Minister Heiko Maas in an interview with Bild daily said Germany will not recognise polygamy or marriages involving minors, as concern rises over such cases amid a record influx of refugees, many from Muslim countries.
    (AFP, 6/14/16)

2016        Jun 17, In Germany a 94-year-old former SS sergeant who served as a guard at Auschwitz was found guilty of more than 170,000 counts of accessory to murder for helping kill 1.1 million Jews and others at the Nazi death camp. The Detmold state court sentenced Reinhold Hanning to five years in prison, though he will remain free while any appeals are heard. Hanning died on June 1, 2017.
    (AP, 6/17/16)(SFC, 6/2/17, p.A2)

2016        Jun 23, In Germany a masked man (19) was shot dead after taking 18 hostages in a movie theater  in Viernheim and firing blank rounds into the air. He was found armed only with a harmless replica rifle, a pistol and dummy grenades.
    (AP, 6/24/16)

2016        Jun 24, Germany imposed limits on fracking, dealing a blow to efforts to develop shale gas. Under legislation passed by its lower house of parliament, fracking will be banned in clay formations, which typically lie between 1,000 and 2,500 meters deep.
    (Reuters, 6/24/16)

2016        Jun 28, It was reported that German automaker Volkswagen AG has agreed to pay more than $15.3 billion in a settlement with US regulators over pollution caused by its diesel vehicles.
    (Reuters, 6/28/16)

2016        Jul 3, In Germany tens of thousands took part the the annual gay pride parade in Cologne.
    (SFC, 7/4/16, p.A2)

2016        Jul 4, London Stock Exchange Group shareholders voted overwhelmingly for a merger with Deusche Boerse, operator of the Frankfurt exchange, despite concerns it could be scuppered by Britain's EU exit.
    (AFP, 7/4/16)

2016        Jul 7, The German parliament passed a landmark "no means no" rape law, broadening the definition of sex crimes and making it easier to deport migrants and refugees who commit them.
    (AFP, 7/7/16)

2016        Jul 10, In Germany more than 120 police officers were injured and 86 demonstrators were detained during leftist riots overnight in Berlin. Activists had called for the demonstration to protest against police operations at buildings taken over the squatters in the eastern part of the city last month.
    (AP, 7/10/16)

2016        Jul 18, In Germany a 17-year-old Afghan refugee wielding an axe and a knife went on a rampage on a train running between Treuchtlingen and Wuerzburg in Bavaria, seriously injuring four members of a tourist family from Hong Kong. When he began to attack officers with an axe, Riaz A. was shot dead by police. The Islamic State group soon claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 7/19/16)(AP, 7/19/16)

2016         Jul 22, In Germany teenager David Ali Sonboly (18) went on a shooting spree at a shopping center in Munich. He shot dead 9 people in a gun rampage before turning the gun on himself. Police later said he was "obsessed" with mass killers like Norwegian rightwing fanatic Anders Behring Breivik and had no links to the Islamic State group. Police later said he had been preparing for the shooting for a year.
    (AFP, 7/23/16)(AFP, 7/24/16)

2016        Jul 24, In Germany a Syrian asylum seeker (27) wounded 15 people, four of them seriously, near a cafe in Ansbach when he set off a bomb in his rucksack, killing himself. He had reportedly made a video pledging allegiance to the Islamic State group. a Syrian asylum-seeker (21) killed a woman and injured two people with a machete in the city of Reutlingen.
    (AFP, 7/24/16)(AFP, 7/25/16)

2016        Jul 26, Germany signed an agreement to lend 50 million euros ($55 million) to Albania to help it build a power line with neighboring Macedonia.
    (AP, 7/26/16)
2016        Jul 26, In Germany a patient shot a doctor in a university clinic in Berlin before killing himself. Police said there were "no signs at all" of a link with Islamist militancy.
    (Reuters, 7/26/16)

2016        Jul 29, German automaker Daimler's Mercedes-Benz brand said it will build a new manufacturing plant in Hungary by the end of the decade, investing 1 billion euros ($1.11 billion) and creating 2,500 new jobs.
    (AP, 7/29/16)   

2016        Jul 31, In Germany thousands of demonstrators from the Turkish community turned out in Cologne to show their support for Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan at a rally that ratcheted up diplomatic tensions between Ankara and Berlin. Germany is home to around 3 million people of Turkish origin. A regional court ruled, however, that no messages from speakers elsewhere, such as politicians in Turkey, could be shown on a video screen at the rally.
    (Reuters, 7/31/16)(AP, 8/1/16)

2016        Jul, Germany’s BMW, Israeli supplier Mobileye and US-based Intel said they were joining forces to build a self-driving car.
    (Econ, 9/24/16, p.63)

2016        Aug 2, The German state of Bavaria said it would sue Volkswagen for damages caused by its emissions-test cheating scandal, the first regional government in VW's home country to take legal action against the carmaker.
    (Reuters, 8/2/16)
2016        Aug 2, German authorities arrested a Tunisian man (36) suspected of killing two other Tunisian nationals whose remains were found in a Leipzig lake.
    (AP, 8/3/16)
2016        Aug 2, South Korea fined Volkswagen 17.8 billion won ($16 million) and suspended sales of 80 VW models, alleging the German carmaker fabricated documents on emissions or noise level tests.
    (AP, 8/2/16)

2016        Aug 3, Germany-based Volkswagen said it will roll out particulate filters in its petrol engined cars between 2017 and 2022, a step which reduces the pollution from particulate matter by up to 90 percent.
    (Reuters, 8/3/16)

2016        Aug 4, A German federal court said a person with a genetic abnormality who identifies as neither woman nor man can't be entered in Germany's birth register under an alternative label such as "inter" or "diverse." The plaintiff planned to go to Germany's highest court, the Federal Constitutional Court.
    (AP, 8/4/16)

2016        Aug 10, German police raided the homes and workplaces of three people suspected of trying to recruit supporters for Islamic State. No arrests were made.
    (Reuters, 8/10/16)

2016        Aug 18, Ernst Nolte (93), German historian, died in Berlin. He had set off a dispute among his peers by arguing three decades ago that Nazism was a reaction to an "existential threat" to Germany from the Russian revolution.
    (AP, 8/18/16)

2016        Sep 1, German officials said archaeologists in Berlin have unearthed a large number of human bones from a site close to where Nazi scientists carried out research on body parts of death camp victims sent to them by sadistic SS doctor Josef Mengele.
    (AP, 9/1/16)

2016        Sep 6, A German court dismissed appeals by 84 Russian athletes seeking to compete at the Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro. Another 10 Russians had a similar application rejected a day earlier as punishment for state-backed doping in the country.
    (AP, 9/6/16)

2016        Sep 15, Deutsche Bank confirmed that America’s Dept. of Justice had asked for $14 billion to settle possible claims connected with the underwriting and sale of residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBSS) between 2005 and 2007.
    (Econ, 9/24/16, p.71)

2016        Sep 23, German security officials say a cyberattack believed to be directed by Russia targeted journalists and lawmakers in a sophisticated email phishing attempt between Aug. 15 and Sept. 15.
    (AP, 9/23/16)

2016        Sep 28, German carmaker Volkswagen said it has stopped buying mica from some suppliers in India, following a Thomson Reuters Foundation investigation that found child workers were dying in illegal, unregulated mines. At least seven children were killed since June mining for mica in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh. The mineral puts a sparkle in makeup and car paint.
    (Reuters, 9/28/16)

2016        Oct 3, Germany's Siemens signed a contract to upgrade Iran's railway network, one of several deals agreed by German firms during a two-day visit to Tehran by Economy Minister Sigmar Gabriel.
    (Reuters, 10/3/16)

2016        Nov 5, The German media group Funke said the government plans to carry out security investigations of all military recruits beginning in July 2017 after its military counter-espionage service (MAD) identified 20 Islamists in the Bundeswehr.
    (Reuters, 11/5/16)

2016        Nov 7, Germany pledged a 61-million-euro ($67.44 million) hike in funding for UN relief operations in Africa so that fewer of its people undertake perilous odysseys to Europe, which has struggled to absorb an influx of migrants since last year.
    (Reuters, 11/7/16)

2016        Nov 15, Sources said Volkswagen AG has reached an agreement with US regulators for a mix of buybacks and fixes for 80,000 polluting Audi, Porsche and VW 3.0-liter vehicles.
    (AP, 11/15/16)
2016        Nov 15, A group of 188 Eritreans headed to Germany from Italy as the first tranche of 500 that Germany pledged to take monthly from Italy.
    (SFC, 11/16/16, p.A2)

2016        Nov 17, In Germany President Barack Obama and Chancellor Angela Merkel reaffirmed a message of solidarity and trans-Atlantic cooperation between top trading partners and key NATO allies as Donald Trump prepares to take office.
    (AP, 11/17/16)

2016        Nov 18, Germany-based Volkswagen announced plans to cut 30,000 jobs in a wide-ranging restructuring of its namesake brand as it tries to recover from a scandal over cars rigged to cheat on diesel emissions tests.
    (AP, 11/18/16)

2016        Nov 20, German Chancellor Angela Merkel (62) told her party she will seek re-election next year, a move likely to be welcomed in many capitals as a sign of stability following poll triumphs for Brexit and Donald Trump.
    (AFP, 11/20/16)
2016        Nov 20, The German news agency dpa reported that some 8,800 geese on two poultry farms will be culled in the northern state of Schleswig-Holstein because some of the animals are infected with the bird flu. Last week 30,000 chickens were destroyed in Schleswig-Holstein after H5N8 was detected in their enclosure.
    (AP, 11/20/16)

2016        Nov 21, Germany’s port city of Hamburg named a street after Domenica Niehoff (d.2009), the country’s most famous dominatrix. Niehoff gained fame in the 1980s by campaigning for the rights of sex workers. She also worked to help women struggling with drug addiction.
    (AP, 11/21/16)

2016        Nov 22, In Germany cabin crew at Lufthansa's budget unit Eurowings launched a 15-hour strike, causing dozens of flight cancelations, as the German carrier warned customers to prepare for a larger walk-out by pilots the next day.
    (AP, 11/22/16)

2016        Nov 23, German airline Lufthansa canceled nearly 900 flights and scrapped another 912 scheduled for Nov 24 after pilots launched a 2-day strike in a pay dispute.
    (AP, 11/23/16)

2016        Nov 24, German flagship carrier Lufthansa said it is scrapping 830 flights for tomorrow, grounding more than 100,000 passengers, as a strike by pilots over wages extends to a third day.
    (AFP, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, German media reported that authorities in northern Germany have killed 16,000 turkeys and ordered 92,000 chickens slaughtered after detecting an outbreak of bird flu.
    (AP, 11/24/16)
2016        Nov 24, German defense company Rheinmetall and Romania's Uzina Automecanica Moreni launched a joint venture to produce eight-wheeled armored military vehicles in Romania.
    (AP, 11/24/16)

2016        Nov 25, Germany's Lufthansa airline canceled 830 short- and medium-haul flights affecting 100,000 passengers after a pilots' strike entered its third day in a long-running dispute over wages.
    (AP, 11/25/16)

2016        Nov 26, In Germany pilots at Lufthansa staged a fourth consecutive day of strikes, with chances of an immediate resolution to the pay dispute looking slim after their union rejected a new offer from the company. The Cockpit union targeted Lufthansa's long-haul services, prompting 137 flight cancellations and affecting some 30,000 passengers.
    (AP, 11/26/16)

2016        Nov 28, German news agency DPA reported that arms manufacturer Heckler & Koch will no longer sign contracts to supply countries outside of NATO's influence because it has become too difficult to obtain government approval for such deals.
    (Reuters, 11/28/16)
2016        Nov 28, Germany-based Lufthansa said it is canceling more than 1,700 flights scheduled for the next two days as a union representing the airline's pilots resumes a campaign of strikes.
    (AP, 11/28/16)

2016        Nov 29, Germany took over the presidency of the G20 leading economies, a platform Chancellor Angela Merkel wants to use to safeguard multilateral cooperation under threat following Donald Trump's U.S. election victory.
    (Reuters, 11/29/16)

2016        Nov 30, German airline Lufthansa said it has made a modified pay offer to pilots as it seeks to put an end to a long-running dispute that's seen a succession of strikes over recent days.
    (AP, 11/30/16)

2016        Nov, In Germany the Pulse of Europe, a pro-European citizen's initiative, was founded in Frankfurt. It aimed at encouraging citizens of the European Union to speak out publicly in favor of a pan-European identity.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulse_of_Europe)(Econ 5/13/17, p.48)

2016        Dec 2, China appealed to Washington and Berlin to avoid injecting politics into the proposed 670 million euro ($740 million) acquisition of German semiconductor maker Aixtron SE by Fujian Grand Chip, following a report President Obama plans to oppose it as a security risk.
    (AP, 12/2/16)
2016        Dec 1, The French-German human rights award in Berlin was presented to Wang Qiaoling, whose husband Li Heping, a prominent lawyer, was detained by Chinese authorities in 2015.
    (Reuters, 12/2/16)

2016        Dec 2, German police said an iron gate with the infamous slogan "Arbeit macht frei" ("Work will set you free") stolen from the former Nazi concentration camp Dachau two years ago has been found in Norway.
    (AFP, 12/2/16)

2016        Dec 5, German police in the western city of Bochum arrested an Iraqi asylum-seeker (31) on suspicion of sexually assaulting two Chinese students. DNA evidence linked the man to an attack and attempted rape of a Chinese woman (21) in August, and of raping a Chinese woman (27) in November.
    (AP, 12/6/16)
2016        Dec 5, Germany-based Volkswagen said it is launching a new company dedicated to car sharing and other "mobility services" in which people may need a ride but don't necessarily want to own the car.
    (AP, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 5, German airline Air Berlin said it is selling its stake in Austrian carrier NIKI to Abu Dhabi-based Etihad for 300 million euros ($319 million).
    (AP, 12/5/16)
2016        Dec 5, Polish authorities said Lufthansa and General Electric will jointly invest some 250 million euros ($270 million) in Poland to build a plant that will service aircraft engines starting in 2018.
    (AP, 12/5/16)

2016        Dec 6, Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel won a new two-year term as leader of her Christian Democratic Union. She called for a ban on full-face Muslim veils "wherever legally possible".
    (SFC, 12/7/16, p.A5)(Reuters, 12/7/16)

2016        Dec 7, German Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives toughened their tone on integrating migrants, passing a resolution on tackling forced marriage and honor killings, and cracking down on dual citizenship.
    (Reuters, 12/7/16)

2016        Dec 8, Germany's domestic intelligence agency said Russia is trying to destabilize German society with propaganda and cyberattacks ahead of the country's general election.
    (AP, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, China's Fujian Grand Chip Investment Fund dropped its takeover bid for chip equipment maker Aixtron after the United States blocked the deal on security grounds, throwing the German company's future into doubt.
    (Reuters, 12/8/16)
2016        Dec 8, The European Union started legal action against seven countries including Germany and Britain for failing to police emissions test cheating by carmakers after the Volkswagen scandal.
    (Reuters, 12/8/16)

2016        Dec 13, In Germany James Anthony Oliver Corry (47), a British citizen, was arrested at Frankfurt airport after being deported from Ireland. Prosecutors said that Corry was part of an IRA unit that fired three mortar shells onto the grounds of the Quebec Barracks in Osnabrueck on June 28, 1996. Buildings were damaged but no one was injured.
    (AP, 12/15/16)
2016        Dec 13, St. Louis-based Monsanto Co. shareholders overwhelmingly approved a $57 billion merger with Bayer AG, a deal that would combine two of the world's biggest agricultural companies.
    (AP, 12/13/16)

2016        Dec 16, German discount supermarket group Lidl announced plans to create 5,000 new jobs in London as part of a major investment program in Britain, where it is enjoying rapid growth.
    (AFP, 12/16/16)
2016        Dec 16, German airline Lufthansa said it is launching a code-sharing agreement with Abu Dhabi-based Etihad, a key financial backer of troubled rival Air Berlin, from which Lufthansa will lease 38 aircraft for two of its subsidiaries.
    (AP, 12/16/16)

2016        Dec 19, In Germany a truck attack on a crowded Christmas market in West Berlin killed 12 people and injured 48. A migrant (23) from Pakistan was arrested, but he was released the next day for lack of evidence. Lukasz Urban (37), a Polish driver from the western village of Roznowo, near the border with Germany, was found dead in the cabin of the truck that was hijacked and driven into the crowd. He was seemingly stabbed and shot to death in the cabin of his truck.
    (Reuters, 12/20/16)(AP, 12/20/16)(AVP, 12/21/16)

2016        Dec 21, German police launched a manhunt for a Tunisian suspected of driving the truck that ploughed through a Berlin Christmas market on Dec 19 in a deadly assault claimed by the Islamic State jihadist group. German authorities issued a wanted notice for Anis Amri, describing him as potentially violent and armed.
    (AFP, 12/21/16)(AP, 12/22/16)

2016        Dec 23, In Italy  Anis Amri, the Tunisian man suspected in a deadly attack on a Christmas market in Berlin, was killed early today in a shootout with police in Milan during a routine patrol outside a train station.
    (AP, 12/23/16)

2016        Dec 25, In southern Germany 54,000 people were forced from their homes In Augsburg for the defusing of a British bomb dating from World War II. The 1.8-ton explosive had been found on Dec 20 during work at a construction site.
    (AFP, 12/25/16)

2016        Dec 26, In Germany several hundred peace activists started what they say will be a months-long protest march from Berlin to war-ravaged Syria to urge an end to the fighting there.
    (AP, 12/26/16)

2016        Dec 28, German authorities approved government funding for more than 54,000 migrants to return to their homelands this year, paving the way for a significant increase in voluntary departures.
    (AP, 12/28/16)

2016        Dec 31, In Germany police detained hundreds of North African men in Cologne in an effort to prevent a repeat of sexual assaults during New year’s festivities there a year ago.
    (SFC, 1/2/17, p.A2)

2016        Mark Spoerer, German historian, authored “C&A: A family business in Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom 1911-1961."
    (Econ, 10/29/16, p.57)
2016        Germany had 750,000 asylum seekers this year.
    (Econ 7/29/17, p.29)

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