1992 May 4, India and Russia
sign a five-year agreement on trade and economic cooperation.
1992 Jun 20, Indian officials
raided Vachathi village in southern Tamil Nadu state to search for
smuggled sandalwood. 18 women were reportedly raped and 100 people
were badly beaten during the two-day raid. On Sep 29, 2011, an
Indian court found 17 police and forest officials guilty of raping
the group of lower-caste women.
1992 Dec 6, In Uttar Pradesh,
India, thousands of Hindu kar sevaks, soldiers of the Ram Temple
movement, destroyed the Babri Mosque and 4 people were killed. This
set off two months of Hindu-Muslim rioting that claimed at least
2,000 lives. Attackers set off 13 bomb blasts in Bombay that
destroyed skyscrapers and killed 600 people. The Bharatiya Janata
Party (BJP) inspired Hindus to raze a 16th century mosque in the
northern town of Ayodhya. The demolition caused Hindu-Muslim riots
across India and 3,000 people were killed. Hindus believe that the
site was the birthplace of the god Ram and that Mogul invaders tore
down a temple at the site to build the Babri Mosque. In 1998 the
Congress Party apologized for the mosque destruction. In 2009 an
inquired into the destruction of the Babri Mosque concluded that
senior members of the opposition Bharatatiya Janata Party (BJP) were
complicit in the vandalism.
(WSJ, 5/6/96, p.A-9)(WSJ, 5/7/96, p.A-14)(AP,
12/6/97)(SFEC, 1/25/98, p.A20)(SFC, 3/15/02, p.A16)(Econ, 11/28/09,
1992 Amartya Sen, philosopher
and economist from India, published his book: "Inequality
Reexamined." Sen won the 1998 Nobel Prize in economics.
(WSJ, 10/15/98, p.A22)
1992 A.R. Rahman recorded the
soundtrack for the film "Roja."
(SFEC,12/14/97, DB p.63)
1992 India’s central government
approved a foreign owned power project. Enron Corp. was contracted
to build the Dabhol Power Co. in Maharashtra state.
(WSJ, 2/5/99, p.A1)
1992 Talwinder Singh Parmar,
Sikh fundamentalist and alleged mastermind of the June 23, 1985,
bombing of Air India Flight 182, was killed in a shootout with
(Econ, 3/19/05, p.46)
1992 Indian transplants in
Silicon Valley founded The Indus Entrepreneurs (TIE). By 2009 the
group had a network of 12,000 members and operated in 53 cities in
(Econ, 3/14/09, SR p.4)
1992 In India Naresh Goyal
founded Jet Airways. Etihad Aviation Group purchased a 24% stake in
Jet Airways in 2013. In 2019 the company faced Bankruptcy.
1992-2002 India grew at an average annual rate of
(Econ, 12/13/08, SR p.8)
1993 Mar 9, The All Parties
Hurriyat Conference, a coalition of 26 parties, formed as a united
political front to raise the cause of Kashmiri separatism and
advocated separation from India by peaceful means.
1993 Mar 12, In Bombay
(Mumbai), India, 13 bombs exploded killing 257 people. Abu Salem,
alleged terrorist mastermind, Mafia boss and one of India's most
wanted men, was arrested in Portugal in 2002. Salem was accused by
Indian police of being involved in the country's worst bombing
attack, as well as a string of murder and extortion cases. More than
100 people, most of them Muslims, were accused of involvement in the
attacks. In 2006 4 family members were found guilty in the first
verdict in the prosecution of India's deadliest terror attack. Asgar
Yusuf Mukadam and Shahnawaz Qureshi were convicted for murdering 10
people in one of the bombings. Abdul Turk (40) was convicted of
leaving an explosives-laden jeep in a crowded shopping and
residential area of Mumbai, killing 113 people and injuring scores.
In 2007 Parvez Shaikh, Mushtaq Tarani and Abdul Ghani Turk were
sentenced to death for planting explosives in Mumbai. Also sentenced
to death were Asgar Muqadam and Shahnawaz Qureshi for involvement in
placing bombs at a cinema in Mumbai and Shoaib Ghansar for
involvement in the bombing at the Zaveri Bazaar. Yakub Memon was
sentenced to death for playing a key role in procuring the weapons
and explosives used in the serial attacks. Memon was accused of
assisting his brother Tiger Memon and Dawood Ibrahim, the suspected
masterminds in a series of bombings.
(AP, 3/12/98)(AP, 9/20/02)(AP, 9/12/06)(AP,
9/18/06)(AP, 9/19/06)(AP, 7/18/07)(AP, 7/19/07)(AP, 7/27/07)(SFC,
1993 Mar 17, A bomb attack in
Calcutta, India, killed 60 people.
1993 Jul 13, A.K. Ramanujan
(b.1929), Indian poet and scholar, died in Chicago. In 1999 his
collected essays were published.
1993 Sep 11, In India car bomb
exploded outside the offices of the Indian Youth Congress on Raisina
Road in New Delhi, killing nine people. In 2001 Sikh separatist
Devinderpal Singh Bhullar (b.1965) was convicted of triggering the
bomb and sentenced to death. In 2014 his sentence was commuted to
life in prison.
1993 Sep 30, An estimated
10,000 (28,000) people were killed when an earthquake measuring a
magnitude of 6.0-6.4 struck Latur in southern India. Its epicenter
was about 350 miles southwest of Jabalpur.
(SFC, 5/22/97, p.C4)(AP, 9/30/98)(SFC, 3/30/99,
1993 Oct, Coca-Cola returned to
India after a 16-year absence by acquiring soft-drink brands from
India’s Parle Group that included Thums Up.
(WSJ, 5/22/96, p.A-16)(WSJ, 4/29/98, p.B1)
1993 Nov, Kiran Bedi, an
inspector general of prisons, introduced the Vipassana meditation
technique at Tihar Prison. A film was later made called "Doing Time,
Doing Vipassana" that demonstrated the technique
(SFC, 2/19/99, p.E12)
1993 India’s Prime Minister
P.V. Narasimha Rao allegedly bribed members of Parliament to vote
for his government in a no-confidence measure. Rao was sentenced in
2000 to 3 years in prison for his role in the bribery. The
conviction was reversed on appeal Mar 15, 2002.
(SFC, 10/13/00, p.D3)(WSJ, 3/18/02, p.A1)
1993 India passed legislation
that banned “manual scavenging," the practice of cleaning feces from
houses that lacked flushing toilets. It also forbade the unplumbed
toilets that necessitated the practice.
(Econ, 7/12/08, p.54)
1993 In Bombay Hindus killed
some 800 Muslims in revenge for earlier killings. In 2000 Bal
Thackeray, a Hindu supremacist, was arrested for inciting the
killings, but was released because the case was filed too late.
(SFC, 7/26/00, p.A13)
1993 The Tibet Transit School
near Dharamsala, India, was founded for arrivals from Tibet aged
(Econ, 12/24/05, p.57)
1993-2005 In India pollution on the Yamuna River
doubled and continued to rise. The river extended 855 miles from the
Himalaya Mountains to the Ganges. New Delhi with 15 million
inhabitants dumped 57% of its waste into the Yamuna.
(SFC, 7/27/07, p.A17)
1994 May 4, India made its 4th
developmental launch of ASLV. The 113 kg Stretched Rohini Satellite
Series (SROSS-C2) was launched by fourth developmental flight of
ASLV-D4 from Sriharikota.
1994 Jun 10, Dhirendra
Brahmachari (70), a spiritual leader and yoga instructor who became
a confidant of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, died today in a plane
crash. Brahmachari, aka known as the flying swami, was swept into
obscurity amid scandals over a personal arms factory and crooked
(http://tinyurl.com/3metw8l)(Econ, 6/11/11, p.44)
1994 Jul 28, In India 10 people
died in a seven-hour gun battle when Indian police raided a camp run
by Naga militants.
1994 Aug, India's HDFC Bank,
led by Aditya Puri, was founded in Mumbai. Puri retired on Oct. 26,
2020, with HDFC listed as the world's 10th most valuable bank.
1994 Sep, India’s eastern port
city of Surat, Gujarat state, was hit with pneumonic plague. 52
people lost their lives. From August to October 693 suspected cases
and 56 deaths were reported from the five affected Indian states as
well as the federal district of New Delhi.
1994 Dec 5, In India’s Bihar
state a mob that pulled senior government official G. Krishnaiah out
of his car and beat him unconscious before shooting him to death
because the official's car had inadvertently crossed paths with the
funeral procession of a noted underworld don and aspiring
politician, Chottan Shukla. In 2007 Anand Mohan and two other
politicians were sentenced to hang for their role in the attack.
Four others, including Mohan's wife, Lovely Anand — also a former
member of parliament — were sentenced to life in prison by the court
in Patna, the capital of Bihar state.
1994 The Indian Parliament
unanimously decided that its goal was to extend its rule to all of
(SFC, 6/4/98, p.C2)
1994 Representatives of 14
tiger-range countries met in New Delhi and agreed to cooperate in
combating the trade in tigers.
(NG, 12/97, p.22)
1994 The Hindustan-Tibet Road
was opened to tourists. It linked the Kinnaur Valley, once and
independent Hindu kingdom, and the Spiti Valley, formerly part of
the west Tibetan kingdom of Guge.
(SFEC, 7/23/00, p.T1)
1994 India allowed private
rivals to compete with Air India.
(Econ 7/8/17, p.59)
1994 India-based Symphony, a
maker of air-coolers, gained a stock exchange listing. By 2015 the
company was one of India’s best performers stocks for over a decade.
(Econ, 1/31/15, p.55)
1995 Mar, In Maharashtra state
a Hindu-Nationalist government was elected.
(WSJ, 2/5/99, p.A1)
1995 May 4, India launched the
fourth ASLV-D4 from Sriharikota, successfully placing the SROSS-C2
satellite in orbit.
1995 Jul, Four hostages: Donald
Hutchings, Keith Mangan, Paul Wells and Dirk Hasert were seized by
Kashmir guerillas, who call themselves Al Faran. In May ‘96 a Muslim
insurgent, who claimed to have been involved, said the men were
killed and buried in the mountains in Dec. The captured rebel Nasir
Mehmood said in a police report that the hostages were killed Dec
13, 1995 by guerrillas of Harkat-ul-Ansar, a group based in
Pakistan. The Al Faran name was coined to confuse Indian
(SFC, 5/27/96, p.A6)(SFC, 12/23/96, p.A12)(SFC,
1995 Aug 3, In Maharashtra
state the Hindu-Nationalist government declared an end to the $2.5
billion Enron project to build Dabhol Power. Enron later
renegotiated the project and went online in 1999
(WSJ, 2/5/99, p.A1)
1995 Aug 13, Hans-Christian
Ostro, a 27-year-old Norwegian who had come to India to study dance
was found dead in the Pahalgam district with his severed head
balanced between his thighs, close to the sight of a previous
kidnapping by Kashmir guerillas.
(SFC, 5/27/96, p.A6)
1995 Aug 20, In Firozabad,
India, a speeding passenger train crashed into a train that had
stalled after hitting a cow and some 358 people were killed.
(SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)(SFC, 8/3/99, p.A8)(AP,
1995 Aug 31, In India blast a
bomb killed 18 people, including Beant Singh (b.1922), chief
minister of the northern state of Punjab. Singh had become chief
minister of Punjab, home to most Indian Sikhs, in 1992, and began
crushing a Sikh militant movement that sought a separate homeland.
Gurmeet Singh was one of six Sikh militants convicted in the attack.
He fled a high-security prison in 2004 before being sentenced in
absentia to life imprisonment in 2007. In 2015 Thai authorities
extradited him back to India.
1995 Sep, N. Chandrababu Naidu
took power in Andhra Pradesh state from his father-in-law N.T. Rama
Rao. Rao was the founder of the ethnic based Telugu Desam Party.
(SFC, 2/2/99, p.A9)
1995 Oct, Dr. Kataria organized
a group of 5 people in Bombay to share jokes and laugh. The group
grew to more than 100 laughing clubs across the country.
(WSJ, 9/12/96, p.B1)
1995 Nov, The Indian cabinet
agreed to change the name of Bombay, its biggest city, back to
Mumbai. Located in the state of Maharashtra, Mumbai is the financial
and movie center of India. Its movie industry is called Bollywood.
(WSJ, 11/22/95, p.A-3)
1995 Dec 23, A fire killed
540, including 170 children, in Dabwali, India, 125 miles northwest
of New Delhi when a tent ignited during a year-end school party.
(WSJ, 12/26/95, p. A-1)(AP, 12/23/97)
1995 Dec, India began a
broad-based vaccination program against polio.
(SFEC, 1/26/97, p.A14)
1995 The film "Hum Apke Hain
Kaun" (What Am I To You) grossed a record $20.8 million.
(SFEC,12/14/97, DB p.62)
1995 In India the government in
New Delhi granted Ladakh Autonomous Hill Council status, recognizing
its unique culture and giving it some measure of self rule.
1995 Riots erupted in
Bangalore, India, when the 1st Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) opened
in the city.
(WSJ, 11/7/05, p.A12)
1995 Ronnie Screwvala, founder
of India’s UTV software, started his UTV film studio.
(Econ, 2/9/08, p.72)
1995 Ratan Tata decided to
enter India’s passenger car market. The 1st Tata Motors car was
produced in 1998.
(Econ, 4/2/05, p.53)
1995 Tulsi Tanti formed Suzlon
Energy in India. Suzlon Energy incorporated as a maker of wind
turbines. In 2005 he sold a minority of shares of shares in the wind
turbine company and joined the ranks of world billionaires. By 2007
it was the largest such company in India and 5th largest in the
world with a major presence in China.
(Econ, 6/2/07, SR
p.19)(www.suzlon.com/about-us.htm)(WSJ, 4/18/08, p.A1)
1995 Shetty Sreenath built
Asia’s 1st eco-friendly e-waste disposal facility in Bangalore,
India. In 2007 Sreenath said “We’re sitting on an e-waste time
(SFC, 3/30/07, p.A1)
1995 Lakshmi Mittal (b.1950),
India-born entrepreneur, transferred his steel firm's headquarters
from Indonesia to London, a city Mr Mittal rated as the world's
1995 William Oliver (1947-
2014), English champion of wild pigs, managed to get the government
of India and Assam state to agree to protect the endangered pigmy
(Econ, 9/27/14, p.94)
1995 In India official data
showed 1,677 people succumbing to heat.
1995 India’s population was
around 900 million.
(WSJ, 11/20/95, p.A-1)
1996 Jan, A bomb killed at
least 6 and injured 31 in a crowded New Delhi shopping bazaar. A
Kashmiri separatist group claimed responsibility.
(WSJ, 1/4/96, p.A-1)
1996 Jan, The leadership of
India's Maharashtra state cleared the multi-billion dollar Enron
power plant project.
(WSJ, 1/9/96, p.A-1)
1996 Mar, Jaleel Andrabi, a
Kashmiri human rights lawyer, disappeared in Srinagar at the height
of an anti-India uprising. His body was recovered 19 days later in a
local river. He had been shot in the head and his eyes gouged out.
Avtar Singh, a major in the Indian army, fled the country after he
was accused of killing Andrabi. India called for Singh’s extradition
after his location was discovered following his Feb 21, 2011, arrest
in California in a domestic violence case.
1996 Apr 2, If the Indian Hindu
Nationalist Party wins elections, it will move toward testing a
(WSJ, 4/2/96, p.A-1)
1996 Apr 22, Mahesh Chandar
Mehta was a Goldman Award winner for crusading against air and water
pollution in India.
(USAT, 4/22/96, p.4-D)
1996 Apr 24, In India Mahendra
Das snuck up behind Hara Kunta as the rival official in the local
transporter's union sipped tea at a shop in a busy market in Assam's
capital, Gauhati. With a swing of his machete, Das decapitated
Kunta. Then he carried the bloody head by the hair to a nearby
police station screaming, "I have killed him." Courts ruled that the
public nature of the killing warranted the death penalty. In 2011
Das (45) waited as officials searched for a hangman.
1996 Apr 27, As many as 590
million voters participated in elections for three days of balloting
held over nearly two weeks in India. It determined the pace of
reforms and served as a referendum on the recent corruption
(WSJ, 4/16/96, p.A-1)
1996 May 3, Chandraswami, aka
Nemi Chand Jain, faith healer and psychic admired by Elizabeth
Taylor, was held by police in New Delhi on charges of swindling
$100,000 from a London businessman.
(SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-10)
1996 May 13, The BJP and allies
held 181 seats, the Congress Party held 137 seats, and the National
front held 107 seats. The remainder to total 614 went to small
regional and independent groups.
(SFC, 5/13/96, p.A-8)
1996 May 14, Leftist and
regional Indian political parties formed a powerful coalition and
settled on H.D. Deve Gowda, chief minister of the southern state of
Karnataka, as the candidate for prime minister.
(SFC, 5/15/96, A-10)
1996 May 15, In India the
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) parliamentary leader, A.B. Vajpayee,
was named prime minister. Pres. Shankar Dayal Sharma asked the new
prime minister to form a coalition government by May 31. The BJP
wants to build a nuclear bomb and revoke the autonomy of the
disputed territory of Kashmir, India’s only Muslim-majority state.
Vajpayee resigned 13 days later in the face of a no-confidence
(WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-1)(AP, 8/16/18)7
1996 May 17, Jaswant Singh was
appointed finance minister. He was highly regarded as a
1996 May 18, The new defense
minister, Pramod Mahajan, said that military spending would be
increased and that India’s 350,000 member force in the Kashmir,
bogged down by Muslim insurgency, would be given "proper powers."
(SFC, 5/18/96, p.A-9)
1996 May 21, A bombing in New
Delhi, India, killed 25 people. Kashmiri separatists claimed
(WSJ, 5/22/96, p.A-1)
1996 May 28, The Hindu
nationalist government collapsed. An alliance of 13 parties was
named to replace it. H.D. Deve Gowda, leader of the left-of-center
United Front, was chosen as the next prime minister by ceremonial
president, Shankar Dayal Sharma. He had 2 weeks to form a new
(SFC, 5/29/96, p.A7)
1996 Jun 16, In India monsoon
rainstorms battered southern India for 3 days and killed at least 85
people with 250 missing.
(SFC, 6/16/96, p.A10)
1996 Jun, Torrential rains
flooded 400 villages in the state of Rajasthan. Up to 500 people
have died in the monsoon season.
(SFC, 6/29/96, p.C1)
1996 Jul 15, In India 58 Hindu
pilgrims died in stampedes during religious festivals at Ujjain, 465
miles south of New Delhi, and Hardwar, 125 miles north.
(WSJ, 7/16/96, p.A1)
1996 Jul 27, In Kashmir, India,
a guard shot at 2 people who refused to move a motor scooter and a
bomb exploded that killed 6 and wounded 17 near the headquarters of
a Muslim group.
(WSJ, 7/29/96, p.A1)
1996 Jul 29, In Kashmir a
grenade exploded in a Muslim shrine that killed 2 and injured some
(WSJ, 7/30/96, p.A1)
1996 Jul, 21 lower-caste
villagers were gunned down in Bihar by gunmen of Ranbir Sena.
(SFC, 12/3/97, p.A11)
1996 Aug 9, In India there was
an incident of food poisoning caused by Clostridium botulinum. 106
people fell ill and 6 died after eating at a canteen in the
town of Bhiwandi, 80 miles north of Bombay.
(SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A20)
1996 Aug 14, In India police
arrested a kitchen worker in a food-poisoning incident that traced
to poisonous seeds.
(WSJ, 8/15/96, p.A1)
1996 Aug 17, It was reported
that tens of thousands of dead rats were caught in fisherman’s nets
in India’s northeast Assam state. It was speculated that a rare
poisonous bamboo flower was the cause.
(SFC, 8/17/96, p.A4)
1996 Aug 27, Plans were made to
amend the 1948 electricity laws to allow private companies to enter
the transmission sector and help shoulder the investment needed to
(WSJ, 8/27/96, p.A10)
1996 Sep 1, Wolves were
reported to have killed 33 children in the area of Banbirpur in the
state of Uttar Pradesh. Some reports had it that at least some of
the killings were by disguised human beings.
(SFC, 9/1/96, p.A16)
1996 Sep 16, The government
issued an arrest warrant for former communications minister Sukh Ram
for kickbacks in awarding contracts in 1993.
(WSJ, 9/17/96, p.A10)
1996 Sep 30, In India the
capital city of Tamil Nadu changed its name from Madras to Chennai
after an ancient ruler named Chenappa Naicker. It had been called
Chennapatnam or Chennai before British colonial rule.
(SFC, 10/1/96, p.A14)
1996 Oct 10, Today the reborn
Drepung Loseling Monastery in Karnataka state houses about 2,500
(SFC, 10/10/96, p.E1)
1996 Nov 6-1996 Nov 7, In India
cyclone 07B killed some 2000 in Andhra Pradesh state. Damage was
estimated at $1.5 billion.
(WSJ, 11/8/96, p.A1)(SFC, 11/12/96,
1996 Nov 12, Near New Delhi,
India, a Saudi Arabian Boeing 747 with 312 passengers crashed into a
Kazak Airlines Ilyushin Il-76 with 39 people in midair. It marked
the worst midair collision in aviation history and the 3rd deadliest
air crash. Investigators later claimed the Ilyushin II-76 failed to
maintain its assigned altitude. All 349 passengers and crew were
(SFC, 11/13/96, p.A1)(SFC, 5/14/97, p.A12)(AP,
11/12/97)(WSJ, 11/13/01, p.A14)
1996 Nov 23, In Bangalore
amidst protests outside, Irene Skliva of Greece won the Miss World
crown. Police arrested some 1,650 over 2 days.
(SFEC, 11/24/96, p.A2)
1996 Nov 28, Chinese Pres.
Jiang Zemin made a 3-day visit to India, the first ever.
(SFC, 11/29/96, p.B8)
1996 Dec 2, India and China
agreed to troop withdrawals along their 2,500 mile border, and
pledged not to use military force against one another.
(SFC, 12/3/96, p.A13)
1996 Dec 2, A bomb on a train
near Chandigarh in the Punjab region killed 12 and injured 37.
(WSJ, 12/3/96, p.A1)
1996 Dec 24, In India a British
made Avro Air Force plane crashed in Andhra Pradesh and killed all
(SFC, 12/25/96, p.A12)
1996 Dec 25, Some 280 migrants
from India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka were suspected of having drowned
in the Mediterranean while being transshipped in the Malta-Sicily
channel. At least 283 people died while on the illegal voyage from
Alexandria to Italy.
(SFEC, 1/5/97, p.A13)(Econ., 4/25/15, p.21)
1996 Dec 30, A bomb exploded on
the Brahmaputra Express train out of Gauhati in the state of Assam.
38 were killed. Bodo insurgents were suspected.
(SFC, 12/31/96, p.A10)
1996 Dec 31, A railroad bridge
was blown up in northeastern India in Assan.
(SFC, 1/1/97, p.C3)
1996 India outlawed sex
determination tests to reduce gender-based abortions.
(SFC, 12/6/02, p.J1)
1996 In Kerala a coalition of 2
left parties was elected. It was dominated by the Marxist Communist
Party of India.
(SFEM, 7/18/99, p.10)
1996 In southern India a
teenager (16) was kidnapped and held for several weeks in Kerala
state. A court had acquitted all but one of 24 of the accused in
2005. In 2013 India's top court ordered a retrial, which was
completed in six months. In 2014 one man was sentenced to life and
23 others to 7-11 years.
c1996 A British arms dealer and 5 Latvians were
arrested for dropping arms for revolutionaries into the state of
West Bengal. The 6 were sentenced to life in prison in 2000.
(SFC, 2/3/00, p.A13)
1997 Jan 2, Movie theaters in
Bombay closed in protest of a state doubling of the ticket tax. Some
120 films are produced annually and theaters provide about half the
(WSJ, 1/3/97, p.A6)
1997 Jan, The Madhya Pradesh
state government inaugurated its Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS),
whereby any community could have a school if it had 40 or more
children living over half a mile from an existing school.
(SFC, 3/4/99, p.A12)
1997 Feb 23, In eastern India a
fire in Baripada killed 190 worshippers at the 46th annual festival
in honor of the late Swami Nigamananda.
(SFC, 2/24/97, p.A10)(SFC, 2/25/97, p.a14)(AP,
1997 Mar, The Indian film "Kama
Sutra: A Tale of Love" by Mira Nair was released in the US.
(SFEC, 3/2/97, DB p.32)
1997 Mar 13, Mother Teresa
handed over leadership of the Missionaries of Charity to Sister
(SFC, 3/14/97, p.A13)
1997 Mar, 10 lower-caste
villagers were gunned down in Haibaspur by higher-class gunmen.
(SFC, 12/3/97, p.A11)
1997 Apr 11, Parliament
rejected Prime Minister H.D. Deve Gowda, head of the 10-month-old
coalition government by a vote of 292 to 158 in the 545-seat
lower house, the Lok Sabha. He was rejected after the Congress Party
withdrew it support. The Congress Party, which has ruled for 45 of
the 50 years since independence, complained that Gowda failed to
halt gains by the BJP (Bharatriya Janata Party).
(SFC, 4/12/97, p.A10)(SFC, 11/29/97, p.A12)
1997 Apr 19, Inder Kumar Gujral
was chosen to lead the United Front Coalition government. The Tamil
Manila Congress withdrew from the coalition.
(SFEC, 4/20/97, p.A14)
1997 May 21, In India an
earthquake killed at least 27. Its epicenter was near Jabalpur City,
about 400 miles southeast of New Delhi.
(SFC, 5/22/97, p.C4)
1997 Jun 7, Dozens died and 90
were injured in a fire during a religious festival at Thanjavur.
(WSJ, 6/9/97, p.A1)
1997 Jun 13, In India a fire in
a New Delhi theater killed 60 and injured over 200 people.
(SFC, 6/14/97, p.A12)
1997 Jul 7, Abdul Rashid Wani
(30) disappeared in Srinagar, Kashmir, while running an errand on
the day of his niece’s wedding.
(SSFC, 12/2/07, p.A17)
1997 Jul 8, A bomb exploded on
a passenger train in the Punjab at Bhatinda and killed 36 people and
(SFC, 7/9/97, p.A8)
1997 Jul 9, The Asian elephant
population was down to 60,000, half of them in India in an area of
just 168,000 sq. miles.
(SFC, 7/9/97, p.A7)
1997 Jul 11, A riot broke out
in Bombay after a garland of shoes - a grave insult - was draped
over a bust of Babasaheb Ambedkar, a political leader from
Hinduism’s lowest caste. Police killed ten people including two
children on their way to school.
(SFC, 7/12/97, p.C1)
1997 Jul 17, In India Kocheril
Raman Narayannan, a member of the Dalits, was elected president by
the national and state legislatures. The Dalits, or "oppressed
people," were according to Hinduism the lowest class of people, a
fifth class below the 4 main castes. He replaced Pres. Shanker Dayal
Sharma whose 5-year term expired Jul 25.
(SFC, 7/18/97, p.A10)
1997 Jul 25, In India Kocheril
Raman Narayannan (1920-2005) was sworn in as president, becoming the
first member of the "untouchable" Dalits caste to do so.
(AP, 7/25/98)(SFC, 11/10/05, p.B8)
1997 Aug 13, In India the
Supreme Court ordered the government to come up with legislation to
protect women from sexual harassment in the workplace.
(SFC, 8/14/97, p.C3)
1997 Aug 27, It was reported
that at least 945 people had died since June due to torrential
(SFC, 8/26/97, p.C3)
1997 Aug, In India A.R. Rahman
launched his first non-movie album "Vande Mataram" (Salute to the
Motherland) to coincide with the 50-year anniversary of independence
from Britain. He was the first Indian artist signed by Sony Records.
(SFEC,12/14/97, DB p.63)
1997 Sep 5, In India Mother
Teresa (b.1910), the Calcutta nun who worked on behalf of the
destitute, died of heart failure in Calcutta. Britain's Queen
Elizabeth II broke the royal reticence over Princess Diana's death,
calling her "a remarkable person" in a televised address. In 1996 a
US Congress joint resolution declared her an honorary US citizen. In
2003 Albania declared 2004 to be "Mother Teresa Year" and set aside
Oct. 19 as a national holiday in her honor. "It is Christmas every
time you let God love others through you ... yes, it is Christmas
every time you smile at your brother and offer him your hand."
(SFC, 9/6/97, p.A1)(AP, 9/5/98)(AP, 9/12/03)(SFC,
1997 Sep 7, In the disputed
Kashmir region Indian and Pakistani gunners exchanged artillery fire
and 14 villagers on the Pakistani side were reported killed and 5
were reported killed on the Indian side.
(WSJ, 9/8/97, p.A16)
1997 Sep 14, In India at least
77 people were killed when a train plunged from a bridge near Champa
town in the east of Madhya Pradesh state. Another 234 were injured.
(SFC, 9/15/97, p.A11)
1997 Sep 15, At the
southeastern port city of Visakhapatnam a fire raged at the
Hindustan Petroleum Corp. and 37 were reported dead.
(SFC, 9/16/97, p.A12)
1997 Sep, 30 people organizing
lower-caste villagers were killed by a rival group.
(SFC, 12/3/97, p.A1)
1997 Oct 14, The Booker Prize
for literature went to Indian writer Arundhati Roy for her book:
"The God of Small Things."
1997 Nov 18, A school bus
plunged into the Yamuna River in New Delhi and at least 30 children
were killed and another 20 missing. The driver was reported to be
racing another bus.
1997 Nov 19, A car bomb
exploded in Hyderabad at a gala kickoff for a new movie and 23
people were killed. Police suspected rivals of producer Paritala
Ravi, who is also a lawmaker in Andhra Pradesh state.
1997 Nov 20, S.V. Ramanna
Reddy, a former legislator of Andhra Pradesh, surrendered to police
in relation to the previous days bomb blast.
1997 Nov 22, The Miss World
pageant in the Seychelles Islands was won by Diana Hayden (24), Miss
1997 Nov 28, India’s 4th
government in 2 years collapsed. Prime Minister Inder Kumar Gujral
resigned and his United Front government fell after the Congress
party withdrew its support. India's powerful Congress Party withdrew
its support from India's ruling coalition, forcing Prime Minister
Inder Kumar Gujral to resign.
(WSJ, 11/29/97, p.A12) (AP, 11/28/98)
1997 Nov 30, Two bomb blasts in
a crowded New Delhi market left 3 dead and 62 injured.
(SFC, 12/1/97, p.A13)
1997 Dec 2, Lower caste
villagers of Lakshmanpur were attacked by some 300 armed men, who
stabbed, shot and killed 61 people including 4 children under age 5.
The gunmen were thought to be members of the Ranbir Sena
paramilitary force, composed of higher caste landlords.
(SFC, 12/3/97, p.A11)
1997 Dec 5, Explosions on 3
separate passenger trains left at least 10 dead and 64 injured in
Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
1997 Dec 14, It was reported
that Bombay film studios churn out 900 features a year in Hindi and
other Indian languages at an average cost of $2.24 million.
(SFEC,12/14/97, DB p.62)
1997 In New Delhi the World
Fisheries Forum was founded by a group of owner-operated fishermen
whose aim was to push for human rights and social justice in the
fishing industry. In 1999 they met in Point Montara, California
(SFC, 10/9/99, p.A18)
1997 Phoolan Devi, the Bandit
Queen, was elected to Parliament representing the lower-caste
(SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)
1997 Pakistan’s Nawaz Sharif
and India’s Inder Kumar Gujral agreed to a process of dialogue, but
relations soured after the BJP came to power in India.
(Econ, 1/10/04, p.35)
1997 In India Laloo Prasad
Yadav, head of the RJD, stepped down as Bihar’s chief minister after
his arrest on corruption charges. Rabri Devi, Yadav’s wife, took
over as chief minister.
(Econ, 6/19/04, p.44)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.45)
1997 Naga tribesmen of
northeastern India agreed to a ceasefire after fighting the Indian
army for five decades.
1997 Mobile phones were
introduced in Kerala, India. By 2000 fisherman were using them to
call coastal markets while at sea to find the best price for their
(Econ, 5/12/07, p.84)
1997 There were 12,953 train
robberies in India.
(WSJ, 3/9/99, p.A1)
1998 Jan 5, A train crash in
Uttar Pradesh killed at least 48 people.
(WSJ, 1/7/98, p.1)
1998 Jan 25, In Wandhama, north
of Srinagar, Muslim separatists killed 23 Hindus.
(SFC, 1/27/98, p.A10)
1998 Jan 28, In India the 26
people accused of the May 21, 1991 assassination of Prime Minister
Rajiv Gandhi were sentenced to death by hanging. Authorities braced
for possible unrest. Only 2 of the 26 were charged with murder, the
rest were charged with conspiracy.
(WSJ, 1/28/98, p.A1)(SFC, 1/29/98, p.A10)
1998 Jan 30, It was reported
that over the past 2 months over 50 cotton farmers in Andhra Pradesh
state had committed suicide due to farming losses caused by cluster
(SFC, 1/30/98, p.A13)
1998 Jan, Masked gunmen killed
23 people in a village near Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu
(SFC, 6/20/98, p.D1)
1998 Feb 5, In Madhya Pradesh
state a tractor pulling a trolley full of children crashed into a
truck and plunged into a river and killed at least 34.
(SFC, 2/7/98, p.11)
1998 Feb 14, In India the Tamil
Nadu election campaign ended with bombings and riots in Coimbatore.
Some 13 bombs in 11 places took 46 lives.
1998 Feb 16, In Bihar 20 people
were killed during the first round of voting.
(SFC, 2/23/98, p.A12)
1998 Feb 21, The governor in
Uttar Pradesh state ousted the Hindu nationalist government and
protests followed. The government was restored by a court a few days
(WSJ, 2/24/98, p.A1)
1998 Feb 22, Clashes during
voting left 12 dead and over 40 injured across the country.
(SFC, 2/23/98, p.A12)
1998 Feb 23, In Andhra Pradesh
leftist guerrillas set off a mine that killed 5 soldiers sent to
guard polling stations.
(SFC, 2/24/98, p.A8)
1998 Feb 28, The elections came
to a close. The BJP built its campaign around candidate for prime
minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee (71). The Congress Party was led by
Sonia Gandhi. Jayaram Jayalalitha led the All India Anna Dravida
Munetra Kazhagam party in Tamil Nadu which won 18 seats in
parliament. Jayalitha hoped to have charges against her quashed and
the government of Tamu Nidal dismissed. Vajpayee returned to power
for 13 months after forging an alliance of 22 parties, mostly
regional power brokers with disparate local appeal.
(SFEC, 3/1/98, p.A18)(SFEC, 4/18/99, p.A19)(AP,
1998 Mar 3, The BJP with
regional allies emerged as the largest grouping from the general
election. It was still 20 seats short of a governing majority in the
(FT, 3/4/98, p.1)
1998 Mar 10, In India 6
Tibetans in New Delhi, aged 28-70, began a hunger strike to force
the UN to address Tibet’s dispute with China.
(SFC, 4/15/98, p.C2)
1998 Mar 14, India's Congress
party picked Sonia Gandhi, the Italian-born widow of assassinated
prime minister Rajiv Gandhi, as its new president.
(SFEC, 3/15/98, p.A13)(AP, 3/14/99)
1998 Mar 18, The Bharatiya
Janata Party agenda was outlined. It included plans to protect
domestic industry from foreign competition and to develop nuclear
weapons for protection against China and Pakistan.
(SFC, 3/19/98, p.A11)
1998 Mar 24, In India a tornado
killed 105 people and some 500 were missing. At least 80 died in the
Midnapore district of West Bengal state and some 1,100 were injured.
At least 200 people were killed and thousands injured from a tornado
in West Bengal and Orissa states.
(SFC, 3/25/98, p.C3)(SFC, 3/28/98, p.A5)
1998 Mar 28, The Hindu
Nationalist BJP won a confidence vote in parliament by a narrow
(SFEC, 3/29/98, p.A12)
1998 Apr 27, The hunger strike
that began Mar 10 ended as police forced the Tibetan strikers to be
fed intravenously as Gen’l Fu Quanyou of China began talks with
Indian officials. One Tibetan exile set himself on fire and was not
expected to survive.
(SFC, 4/28/98, p.A6)
1998 Apr, The 68-acre Int’l.
Tech Park (ITP) in Bangalore was scheduled to open as a joint
venture between Singaporean companies, the Tata Group of India, and
the state of Karnataka.
(WSJ, 3/25/98, p.B10)
1998 Apr, Suspected separatist
guerrillas shot and killed 29 Hindus in the Jammu and Kashmir
(SFC, 6/20/98, p.D1)
1998 May 11, India set off 3
underground atomic blasts in the Thar Desert in Rajasthan near the
Pakistan border, its first nuclear tests in 24 years. Abdul Kalam
led the teams of scientists who developed missiles designed for
India’s atomic warheads.
(WSJ, 5/12/98, p.A1)(AP, 5/11/99)(WSJ, 7/15/02,
p.A1)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.42)
1998 May 12, A day after
India's first atomic test blasts in 24 years, neighboring Pakistan
said it was ready to test a nuclear device itself.
1998 May 13, Pres. Clinton
announced sanctions against India for its nuclear test explosions.
It was later reported that the number and size of the weapons were
(SFC, 5/13/98, p.A1)(SFC, 9/16/98, p.A1)
1998 May 13, India set off 2
more nuclear explosions in defiance of int’l. condemnations.
(SFC, 5/14/98, p.A1)
1998 May 14, Australia, Canada,
Denmark, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden and the US all
imposed penalties on India for its nuclear testing. Pakistan was
pressured to refrain from testing its own nuclear weapons.
(SFC, 5/15/98, p.A15)
1998 May 21, India announced a
moratorium on nuclear tests and restated a willingness to negotiate
an agreement on a formal test ban.
(SFC, 5/22/98, p.D3)
1998 May 23, From India and
Pakistan it was reported that temperatures had reached 120 degrees
and claimed 34 lives. Most of the fatalities occurred in the
southwestern Indian state of Maharashtra.
(SFC, 5/23/98, p.A5)
1998 May 28, Pakistan matched
India and exploded five of its own underground nuclear tests in the
Chagai Hills. Pres. Clinton grimly denounced the tests and imposed
penalties that could cause Pakistan billions. It was later reported
that the number and size of the weapons were exaggerated.
(SFC, 5/29/98, p.A1,13) (SFC, 9/16/98, p.A1)(AP,
1998 Jun 6, India reported that
1,359 people had died over the past 3 weeks due to the severe heat
wave. The death toll was raised to 2,500.
(SFC, 6/6/98, p.A4)(SFC, 6/9/98, p.A14)
1998 Jun 7, In Pakistan a bomb
exploded on a passenger train in the southern Sindh province near
Sukkur. 26 people were killed and 45 wounded. Pakistan later blamed
the Indian Research and Analysis Wing (RAW). India denied
(SFEC, 6/7/98, p.A18)(SFC, 6/8/98, p.A12)(WSJ,
1998 Jun 9, At least 205 people
were killed by a cyclone that hit on India’s western coast at
Porbunder. At least 15,000 people were forced to evacuate. The death
toll was increased to 420 and 150 people were missing. The death
toll was increased to 835.
(SFC, 6/10/98, p.A9)(WSJ, 6/11/98, p.A1)(SFC,
1998 Jun 12, The G8
industrialized nations agreed to halt all loans to India and
Pakistan except those for humanitarian purposes.
(SFC, 6/13/98, p.A1)
1998 Jun 13, In Bihar state
Brij Bihari Prasad, a former state minister in the Rashtriya Janata
Party (RJD), was killed along with his guard.
(SFC, 6/16/98, p.A12)
1998 Jun 14, In Bihar state
Ajit Kumar Sarkar was the 2nd legislator in 2 days to be killed by
gunmen. Two Sarkar supporters were also killed.
(SFC, 6/16/98, p.A12)
1998 Jun 19, Suspected
separatist guerrillas shot and killed 25 male members of 2 Hindu
wedding parties in Jammu and Kashmir state.
(SFC, 6/20/98, p.D1)
1998 Jun 21, In India a deal
was signed in New Delhi with Russia to build power plants for two
(SFC, 6/23/98, p.A12)
1998 Jun 23, Pakistan and India
agreed to negotiations in Sri Lanka. Their prime ministers would
meet during a South Asian summit starting Jul 29.
(SFC, 6/24/98, p.A12)
1998 Jul 3, In Indian-held
Kashmir Pakistani shelling forced over 2,000 villagers to flee and 7
people were reported killed in Dawar.
(SFC, 7/4/98, p.A11)
1998 Jul 5, The government
announced that it would ban all lotteries.
(SFC, 7/6/98, p.A9)
1998 Jul 23, Russia planned to
sell its Admiral Gorshkov aircraft carrier to India for some $2
billion. The ship was launched in 1982 as the Baku.
(SFC, 7/24/98, p.D2)
1998 Jul 31, Talks between
India and Pakistan broke down following border fighting in Kashmir
that killed 50 people.
(SFC, 8/1/98, p.A10)
1998 Aug 3, In India 34
villagers were killed in Himachal Pradesh state.
(SFC, 8/4/98, p.A12)
1998 Aug 5, In India 18 people
were killed under artillery fire in Kashmir.
(SFC, 8/6/93, p.A14)
1998 Aug 10, Fighting in
Kashmir resumed and 19 people were reported killed in battles
between Indian security forces and Pakistan-backed separatist
(WSJ, 8/11/98, p.A1)
1998 Aug 17, India outlawed the
use of quinacrine to sterilize women due to its suspected effects as
(WSJ, 8/18/98, p.A1)
1998 Aug 18, A flash flood
swept up some 100 Hindu pilgrims in Uttar Pradesh. 182 people were
(SFC, 8/19/98, p.C16)
1998 Aug 20, 30,000 people were
evacuated from 2 river valleys as landslides continued and the
number of dead increased to about 300.
(WSJ, 8/21/98, p.A1)
1998 Sep 4, Flooding and
mudslides in India was reported to have killed over 2,000 this year.
(WSJ, 9/4/98, p.A1)
1998 Sep 19, In Pakistani
controlled Kashmir Indian artillery fire killed 9 people and wounded
11 others over the last 2 days.
(SFEC, 9/20/98, p.A17)
1998 Sep 23, In Pakistan Prime
Minister Nawaz Sharif said that he would sign the nuclear test ban
treaty within the year. Sharif also met with Prime Minister Atal
Bihari Vajpayee of India and agreed to resume talks on Kashmir.
(SFC, 9/24/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 9/24/98, p.A1)
1998 Oct 14, Amartya K. Sen, a
researcher from India, won the Nobel Prize in Economics for his work
in exploring the causes of poverty and famine. He had just left
Harvard Univ. to take over Trinity College in Cambridge, England.
(SFC, 10/15/98, p.A2)
1998 Nov 6, Pres. Clinton
decided to lift most of the sanctions against India and Pakistan for
their nuclear tests in May, as a reward for steps taken toward
nuclear control agreements.
(SFC, 11/7/98, p.A14)
1998 Nov 10, India and Pakistan
negotiated disputes as 3 Indian soldiers were killed in border fire
across the Kashmir cease-fire line.
(SFC, 11/13/98, p.D6)
1998 Nov 25, State elections
were held in Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan, and Mizoram. Polls
predicted a setback for the ruling BJP.
(SFC, 11/26/98, p.B3)
1998 Nov 26, In the Punjab
state of India a passenger train derailed near Khanna in the path of
an express train in the northwest and at least 211 people were
(SFC, 11/26/98, p.B5)(WSJ, 11/27/98, p.A1)(AP,
1998 Nov 28, From India it was
reported that cyclone 07B caused the evacuation of over 100,000
people in West Bengal and that some 100 fisherman were missing.
(SFC, 11/28/98, p.A4)
1998 Dec 20, Bangalore Venkata
Raman, a respected astrologer, died at age 86. He founded the
Astrological Magazine in 1936. He wrote some 200 books on the impact
of celestial bodies on human events.
(SFC, 12/25/98, p.B6)
1998 The book "Father India:
How Encounters with an Ancient Culture Transformed the Modern West"
was written by Jeffery Paine.
(SFEC, 12/13/98, p.)
1998 The India Bollywood film
"Dil Se" opened in the US.
(SFEC, 10/4/98, DB p.54)
1998 The film "The Red Doors"
was written and directed by Indian poet-novelist Buddhadeb Dasgupta.
It was about a Calcutta dentist who rethinks his self-absorbed life
after his marriage collapses.
(SFC, 5/20/98, p.E3)
1998 In India a Supreme court
ruling made MPs immune from prosecution for bribery.
(Econ, 12/9/06, p.48)
1998 The Lakireddy Bali Reddy
College of Engineering in Mylavaram, Andhra Pradesh was accredited
and opened to 420 students with a $50,000 construction and
maintenance donation from Lakireddy Bali Reddy.
(SFEC, 2/6/00, p.A12)(SFC, 2/8/00, p.A26)
1998 Researchers in India
enrolled 75,360 women to be screened every two years with a simple
vinegar test. Another 76,178 women were chosen for a control. In
2013 it was reported that this low-tech visual exam cut the cervical
cancer death rate by 31%.
1999 Jan 10, In New Delhi 3
rich young men crashed into seven people standing along an empty
street. They were charged with barreling down a street and hitting 3
police officers and 3 laborers while driving home after an all-night
party in what became called the BMW case . In 2008 a court convicted
Sanjeev Nanda (30), the son of a wealthy Indian arms dealer, of
manslaughter and sentenced him to 5 years in prison. 3 other
defendants faced charges of destroying evidence.
(SFC, 5/5/99, p.C5)(AP, 9/5/08)
1999 Jan 15, In southern India
a stampede by Hindu pilgrims left 51 dead after a hill collapsed
near the Sabarimala shrine.
(WSJ, 1/15/99, p.A1)
1999 Jan 19, Indian and
Pakistani troops clashed in Kashmir and 4 Pakistani soldiers were
(WSJ, 1/20/99, p.A1)
1999 Jan 22, In Manoharpur,
India, Graham Stewart Staines (58), an Australian missionary, and
his 2 sons (10 & 8) were burned to death by activists of the
radical Bajrang Dal. Dara Singh led some 30 men in the attack. Singh
was captured in Jan 2000. In 2003 Mahendra Hembram (23), a security
guard, stood by the statement he gave in a lower court in 2002 that
he burned the missionary's jeep, killing the missionary and young
sons as they slept. In 2003 13 men were convicted for the murders. A
trial court later sentenced Dara Singh to death but in 2011 it was
reduced to life in prison on appeal.
(SFEC, 1/24/99, p.A14)(SFC, 2/2/00, p.A17)(AP,
3/24/03)(AP, 9/15/03)(AP, 1/21/11)
1999 Jan 23, It was reported
that cold weather had killed 15 more people in the last 3 weeks in
Uttar Pradesh. Cold related conditions were responsible for some 150
deaths across India.
(SFC, 1/23/99, p.C1)
1999 Jan 24, In India police
arrested 47 members of a Hindu militant group in Orissa state for
the burning of Graham Staines and his 2 sons.
(SFC, 1/25/99, p.A7)
1999 Jan, Tata Motors, known at
this time as Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (Telco),
launched the Tata Indica, a modern hatchback car with a diesel
engine. It was styled by IDEA in Italy.
(Econ, 11/15/08, SR p.9)
1999 Feb 1, In India officials
agreed to sign a nuclear test ban if economic sanctions are lifted.
(SFC, 2/1/99, p.A7)
1999 Feb 5, Ashok Jain, owner
of the Times of India, died at age 65. He was also a managing
trustee of the Bharatiya Jnanpith, an organization for the promotion
of writing in Indian languages and whose award is the most
prestigious in India.
(SFC, 2/6/99, p.A21)
1999 Feb 11, In India a private
army of upper-caste landlords shot and killed 12 low-caste villagers
(SFC, 2/12/99, p.A18)
1999 Feb 12, Pres. K.R.
Narayanan dismissed the state government of Bihar due to the recent
(SFC, 2/13/99, p.A5)
1999 Feb 20, Prime Minister
Atal Behari Vajpayee of India rode to Pakistan by bus to meet with
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif for 2 days of talks.
(SFEC, 2/21/99, p.A17)
1999 Feb 21, In Pakistan PM
Atal Behari Vajpayee of India and Pakistan's PM Nawaz Sharif signed
documents and a joint statement to reduce the risk of nuclear war
and to resolve conflicts in Kashmir. The diplomatic journey
inaugurated the first regular bus service between the two nations.
(SFC, 2/22/99, p.A8)(AP, 8/16/18)
1999 Feb, The Pakistan Army
began to re-occupy the posts it had abandoned on its side of the
Line of Control in the Kargil region, but also sent forces to occupy
some posts on the Indian side of the LOC. Pakistani army chief Gen.
Musharaff sent troops there without informing PM Nawaz Sharif.
(Econ, 6/19/10, p.46)
1999 cMar 7, An Antonov 32
Indian air force plane crashed near New Delhi airport killing all 18
onboard and 3 people on the ground.
(WSJ, 3/8/99, p.A1)
1999 Mar 9, The UN announced a
program for India to set up schools in the eastern Punjab to get
children out of the carpet weaving industry. The US planned to
contribute $2 million to the $2.9 million program.
(SFC, 3/10/99, p.A13)
1999 Mar 14, In India a fire
swept a New Delhi shantytown and at least 22 people were killed in
the Vijay Ghat district.
(SFC, 3/15/99, p.A9)
1999 Mar 16, The first
passenger bus service between India and Pakistan was scheduled to
(SFEC, 3/14/99, p.A22)
1999 Mar 18, In India 35
upper-caste villagers of Senari in Bihar state were killed by
members of the Maoist Communist Center.
(SFC, 3/19/99, p.A14)
1999 Mar 29, In India at least
51 people were killed following a 6.8 earthquake in the Kumaon Hills
in Uttar Pradesh. The quake struck just after midnight and the death
toll rose to at least 87. The toll was raised to 110 at Chamoli on
the Alaknanda River.
(SFC, 3/29/99, p.A8)(WSJ, 3/30/99, p.A1)(SFC,
3/30/99, p.F2)(SFC, 3/31/99, p.A10)
1999 Apr 11, India tested a new
missile with a 1,250 mile range.
(SFC, 4/12/99, p.A12)
1999 Apr 17, In India the Hindu
nationalist government lost a vote of confidence by one vote. Prime
Minister Vajpayee gave his resignation to Pres. Narayanan but agreed
to stay on until a new government was formed. Sonia Gandhi of the
opposition Congress Party was to form the new government. Jayaram
Jayalalitha of the All-India Anna Dravida Munetra Kazagham Party
broke the coalition headed by the Bharatiya Janata Party.
(SFEC, 4/18/99, p.A1,19)
1999 Apr 19, India and
Bangladesh border guards had a shootout that left 6 people dead and
(WSJ, 4/20/99, A1)
1999 Apr 22, In eastern India
upper-caste landlords, members of the Ranbir Sena militia, killed 12
Dalits (oppressed ones or broken people) in the village of Sindani.
It was believed to be a retaliation for the Mar 18 massacre in
(SFC, 4/23/99, p.D3)
1999 Apr 24, In India high
temperatures over the past week in several states killed at least 40
people with 28 dead in Orissa.
(SFC, 4/26/99, p.A15)
1999 Apr 26, In India Pres.
Narayanan dissolved the lower house of Parliament in order to call
for new elections.
(SFC, 4/27/99, p.A10)
1999 Apr 29, In India Jessica
Lall, a young New Delhi bartender, was shot and killed by Manu
Sharma (24), after she refused him a drink at closing time. On Feb
21, 2006, Sharma the son of a powerful and wealthy politician with
interests in sugar mills, and 8 friends were acquitted. Protesters
took to the streets, holding candlelight vigils and waving signs
calling for justice; officials from the president to the capital's
police chief called for a review of the investigation. Courts
convicted Sharma in 2006 and sentenced him to life in prison. In
2011 the Hindi film “No One Killed Jessica" was based on this story.
(AP, 3/10/06)(Econ, 1/15/11,
1999 Apr 30, In New Delhi
Jessica Lal (34), a former model and bartender, was shot and killed
by a gunman identified as Manu Sharma (24), son of politician and
hotel chain owner Vinod Sharma.
(SFC, 5/5/99, p.C5)
1999 May 17, In India Sonia
Gandhi stepped down as president of the Congress Party after several
party leaders complained of her Italian birth.
(SFC, 5/18/99, p.C12)
1999 May 20, In Pakistan a
cyclone struck the Arabian Sea coast and left an estimated 700
people missing, many of whom were presumed dead. Residents said that
as many as 3,500 people were missing. Some 92 bodies of Indians were
recovered from the cyclone that hit the Pakistani coast by May 27.
The number of bodies of Indian fisherman found reached 278 on Jun 2.
(SFC, 5/21/99, p.A13)(SFC, 5/22/99, p.A16)(SFC,
1999 May 24, In India Sonia
Gandhi decided to withdraw her resignation as president of the
(SFC, 5/25/99, p.A6)
1999 May 24, Guru Hanuman (99),
wrestling teacher, died from a car accident in Rithani. He had
established 1200 wrestling centers in India.
(SFC, 5/26/99, p.C8)
1999 May 25, India launched air
strikes in the disputed mountains of the Kargil and Drass regions of
Kashmir against suspected Pakistani infiltrators. Gen Musharraf was
later identified as the architect of Pakistan’s (July) Kargil
(SFC, 5/26/99, p.C2)(SFC, 5/27/99, p.A13)(SSFC,
1999 May 26, India launched a
rocket carrying South Korean and German satellites into orbit.
(WSJ, 5/27/99, p.A1)
1999 May 27, India lost 2
fighter jets, a MiG-21 and a MiG-27, to Pakistani fire on the
Pakistani side of Kashmir. Pakistan promised to return one dead
pilot and to hold the other as hostage.
(SFC, 5/28/99, p.A12)
1999 May 27, Some 92 bodies
were recovered from the cyclone that hit the Pakistani coast on May
20. The bodies of 278 Indian fisherman were found Jun 2 on the
(SFC, 6/3/99, p.C4)
1999 May 28, In the Kashmir
border conflict Muslim guerrillas shot down an Indian helicopter and
4 Indian soldiers were killed. Pakistan offered to hold peace talks
(SFC, 5/29/99, p.A10)(SFC, 5/31/99, p.A10)
1999 May 30, In Kashmir Indian
fighter jets pounded militants in the Kargil sector for the 5th day.
(SFC, 5/31/99, p.A10)
1999 May 31, India agreed to
hold talks with Pakistan over Kashmir, but there was no let up in
the Indian offensive against guerrillas.
(SFC, 6/1/99, p.A8)
1999 Jun 1, Pakistani
authorities said 10 school children were killed by an Indian
artillery shell that his a school near the Line of Control dividing
India and Pakistan in Kashmir. India claimed to have killed 470
Muslim fighters and Pakistani soldiers. In Kargil Pakistani forces
shelled for the 26th consecutive day.
(SFC, 6/2/99, p.C2)
1999 Jun 2, In Kashmir Islamic
guerrillas rejected India's offer of safe passage out of the battle
(SFC, 6/3/99, p.C4)
1999 Jun 3, Pakistan freed
Indian fighter pilot, Flight Lt. Nachiketa, as a good will gesture.
(SFC, 6/4/99, p.D2)
1999 Jun 5, India rejected
proposed talks with Pakistan for Jun 7 as inconvenient. Indian
Gen'l. Chopra estimated 200 intruders had been killed and said 54
Indian soldiers were killed.
(SFEC, 6/6/99, p.A22)
1999 Jun 6, India resumed air
strikes in Kashmir as troops pushed back guerrillas occupying
(SFC, 6/7/99, p.A11)
1999 Jun 8, India and Pakistan
agreed to hold talks on Kashmir Jun 11, while India continued
airstrikes and a ground offensive.
(WSJ, 6/8/99, p.A1)
1999 Jun 9, The Pakistan army
handed over to India the bodies of 6 severely mutilated Indian
(SFEC, 6/20/99, p.C4)
1999 Jun 12, It was reported
that all 15,000 glaciers of the Himalayas were melting at an
alarming rate and that torrential floods in Northern India could
result over the next 40 years.
(SFC, 6/12/99, p.A11)
1999 Jun 12, India and Pakistan
met for talks on Kashmir with little success as each blamed the
other for the insurgency.
(SFEC, 6/13/99, p.A13)
1999 Jun 13, Pakistan accused
India of using chemical weapons in its Kashmir offensive, as India
claimed to have captured a key mountain peak.
(WSJ, 6/14/99, p.A1)
1999 Jun 16, Pakistan admitted
deep involvement on the Kashmir border war with India.
(SFC, 6/17/99, p.C3)
1999 Jun 18, It was reported
that the black sands of Kergala on the Arabian Sea contained such
radioactive materials as thorium, uranium and monazite. The
incidence of cancer in the region was reported to be the same as the
rest of the state with 300 new cases per year.
(SFC, 6/18/99, p.D2)
1999 Jun 21, Indian soldiers
cleared Islamic guerrillas from a 2nd Kashmir mountain outpost,
Point 5203, and killed at least 10 guerrillas.
(SFC, 6/22/99, p.A12)
1999 Jun 26, Pakistan gave
tacit admission that its fighters were involved in the Kashmir
region against Indian forces. India claimed to have lost 5 men and
that 4 infiltrators were killed. Islamabad claimed that an offensive
was repulsed and that 12 Indian soldiers were killed.
(SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A23)
1999 Jun 29, In Kashmir Indian
fighters raided 13 guerrilla positions at Point 4700 and at least 40
people were killed, 25 of them Indians.
(SFC, 6/30/99, p.A9)
1999 Jul 2, The Pakistani army
reported that 58 Kashmiri civilians had been killed and 158 wounded
over the last 2 month by Indian shelling.
(SFC, 7/3/99, p.A9)
1999 Jul 4, Pakistani PM Nawaz
Sharif met with Pres. Clinton and announced that it would abandon
its seized positions in Kashmir. Meanwhile India claimed a victory
at Tiger Hill.
(SFC, 7/5/99, p.A8)
1999 Jul 6, In Kashmir fighting
continued despite a US-Pakistan pact to push for peace. India
reported 55 mercenaries killed along with 9 Indian soldiers.
(SFC, 7/7/99, p.A10)
1999 Jul 10, In India the prime
minister said most of the Pakistani soldiers had been cleared out of
the Indian side of Kashmir.
(SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A26)
1999 Jul 11, In India and
Pakistan top commanders agreed to the withdrawal of Islamic
militants from Kashmir along with a complete cease fire.
(SFC, 7/12/99, p.A1)
1999 Aug 1, Nirad C. Chaudhuri
(b.1897), Indian-born author and scholar, died at age 101 in Oxford,
(SFC, 8/3/99, p.A20)(WSJ, 8/10/99, p.A24)
1999 Aug 2, In India the
Brahmputra Mail train from Gauhati collided with the Awadh-Assam
Express from New Delhi at Gaisan Station. Over 285 people were
killed and a 1000 injured. A faulty switch was suspected.
(SFC, 8/3/99, p.A8)(SFC, 8/4/99, p.A9)(SFC,
8/5/99, p.A14)(AP, 2/18/04)
1999 Aug 4, In Kashmir 4 days
of fighting left at least 50 people dead including 32 militants and
7 Indian soldiers.
(SFC, 8/6/99, p.A16)
1999 Aug 10, An Indian jet shot
down a Pakistani naval reconnaissance plane over the disputed Sir
Creek area. All 16 people in the plane were killed.
1999 Aug 14, Separatist rebels
in India killed at least 7 people in Kashmir and Assam attacks on
Pakistan Independence Day.
(WSJ, 8/16/99, p.A1)
1999 Aug 17, Pakistan said 6
soldiers and 2 civilians were killed in shelling by India.
(WSJ, 8/18/99, p.A1)
1999 Aug, The population of
India crossed the 1 billion mark.
(SFC, 8/6/99, p.A16)
1999 Sep 1, In Kashmir
Pakistani soldiers attacked Indian posts over the last 2 days and
left 22 soldiers dead.
(SFC, 9/2/99, p.A16)
1999 Sep 5, In India month long
staggered elections for a new parliament began. 6 party activists
were killed on the 1st day of elections. India had 543 parliamentary
(SFC, 9/4/99, p.A14)(SFC, 9/6/99, p.A13)(SFEC,
1999 Sep 11, In India violence
was reported across the country as 77 million people chose members
of parliament in the 2nd part of a staggered 5 day poll. In
Maharashtra state Sharad Leve of the opposition National Congress
was killed in an attack by 30 BJP activists in Satara.
(SFEC, 9/12/99, p.A10)
1999 Sep 18, In India poll
violence left 44 people dead.
(WSJ, 9/20/99, p.A1)
1999 Sep 25, In India 2
government ministers were arrested in Bihar and 4 people were killed
amid reports of large-scale election fraud during the 4th round of
(SFEC, 9/26/99, p.A26)
1999 Sep 26, In India
separatist guerrillas of the National Liberation Front of Tripura
ambushed and killed 8 soldiers in the northeastern Dhalai district
(SFC, 9/27/99, p.A18)
1999 Sep, In Orissa state
Catholic Father Arul Doss was shot with arrows and beaten to death.
(SFC, 11/6/99, p.A10)
1999 Oct 1, It was reported
that the Royal Bengal tigers of India had declined from some 40,000
in 1900 to as few as 2,500. The government estimated 5,500.
(SFC, 10/1/99, p.A15)
1999 Oct 2, In India 6 people,
including 4 police personnel, were killed as national elections
began in Tripura state.
(SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A23)
1999 Oct 3, In India the
elections ended and the Bharatiya Janata Party under PM Atal Bihari
Vajpayee was expected to return to power with an alliance of 21
other parties. The BJP was expected to gain 34 seats to 287. The BJP
won a projected 296 of 545 seats. The Congress Party won 114 seats.
(SFC, 10/4/99, p.A12)(WSJ, 10/4/99, p.A1)(WSJ,
10/8/99, p.A1)(Econ, 4/4/09, p.45)
1999 Oct 18, Mahanambrata
Brahmachari, a Hindu scholar, died in Calcutta at age 95. He
influenced the Catholic monk Thomas Merton.
(SFC, 11/2/99, p.A26)
1999 Oct 19, In eastern India
residents of the state of Orissa cleaned up after a cyclone killed
at least 79 people and injured over 1000.
(SFC, 10/20/99, p.B3)
1999 Oct 25, In Kashmir Indian
troops killed 4 Pakistani soldiers with artillery and small arms in
the mountainous Uri sector.
(SFC, 10/27/99, p.C2)
1999 Oct 29, In eastern India
hundreds of people in Orissa state and the Bay of Bengal region were
feared dead from 05B, the 2nd cyclone in 2 weeks. The number of dead
was estimated to reach 3,000 and 1.5 million people were homeless.
The official dead toll reached 924 on Nov 4. At least 8,000 people
were killed around the port city of Paradeep, where the storm made
first landfall. The death toll was predicted to climb past 10,000.
9,813 death were recorded and the government stopped free rice
distribution after about 3 weeks.
(SFC, 10/30/99, p.A14)(SFC, 11/1/99, p.A11)(SFC,
11/5/99, p.D4)(SFC, 11/6/99, p.A24)(SFC, 11/10/99, p.A11)(SFC,
1999 Nov 2, In India the death
toll mounted from the cyclone in Orissa state with disease,
lawlessness and vandalism on the rise. There was no power in the
capital of Bhubaneswar and Cuttack was in ruins.
(SFC, 11/3/99, p.C2)
1999 Nov 3, Kashmiri guerrillas
killed an army major and 5 others at Indian army headquarters in
(SFC, 11/4/99, p.A18)
1999 Nov 5, Pope John Paul II
began a 3 day visit to New Delhi, India.
(SFC, 11/5/99, p.A15)(WSJ, 11/5/99, p.A1)
1999 Nov 6, During his visit to
India, Pope John Paul the Second praised Christian missionaries and
exhorted his bishops to spread the Christian message across Asia.
1999 Nov 11, In India a bomb
exploded on a passenger train traveling from Jammu to New Delhi and
14 people were killed with 50 injured.
(SFC, 11/12/99, p.D2)
1999 Nov 15, In India at least
18 people were reported killed in Panchabatin village in the state
of Tripura by separatist guerrillas.
(SFC, 11/16/99, p.E4)
1999 Nov 19, In Hyderabad,
India (Reuters), an outbreak of Japanese encephalitis has killed 133
people, all of them children, in the southern Indian state of Andhra
Pradesh, health officials said after reporting 10 new deaths.
1999 Dec 14, In Jammu-Kashmir,
India, at least 6 people were killed in clashes between secessionist
guerrillas and security forces.
(SFC, 12/15/99, p.B3)
1999 Dec 24, In Nepal 5 Sikh
men, members of the Kashmir Harakut ul-Mujahedin, hijacked an Indian
Airlines A-300 Airbus with 189 people onboard. After 3 stops for
refueling it landed in Kandahar, Afghanistan, where it was
surrounded by Taliban militia. 26 passengers were released in Dubai.
They called for the release of Maulana Massood Azhar, a Pakistani
religious leader and other Kashmiri militants. They later raised
their demands to $200 million, the release of 35 jailed guerrillas
and the exhumation of a dead comrade buried in India. [see Dec 29]
(SFC, 12/25/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/27/99, p.A1)(SFC,
12/28/99, p.A9)(SFC, 12/29/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/14/01, p.A5)
1999 Roberto Calasso's work
"Ka: Stories of the Mind and Gods of India" was translated to
English by Tim Parks. Calasso, head of the Milan publishing house
Adelphi, also authored "The Marriage of Cadmus and Harmony" and "The
Ruin of Kasch."
(SFEC, 1/17/99, BR p.8)
1999 Arundhati Roy authored her
essay "The Greater Common Good," which argued that big dams take
water, land and irrigation away from the poor and benefit the rich.
(SFC, 1/17/02, p.A9)
1999 The historical drama film
"Earth" starred Aamir Khan, Nandita Das and Maia Sethna and was
written and directed by Deepa Mehta. It was set in the time of
(SFC, 9/24/99, p.C3)
1999 In Gujarat state 51
Christian churches and prayer halls were burned to the ground over a
period of weeks.
(SFC, 11/6/99, p.A10)
Bangladesh–China–India–Myanmar Forum for Regional Cooperation was
set up, mainly on China’s initiative. It aimed at greater
integration of trade and investment between the four countries.
(Econ, 5/25/13, SR p.9)
1999-2008 India grew at an average annual rate of
(Econ, 12/13/08, SR p.8)
2000 Jan 4, In Srinagar,
Kashmir, 13 people and a horse were blown up in an explosion set by
insurgents in a vegetable market used by Indian troops.
(SFC, 1/22/00, p.A10)
2000 Jan 10, India agreed to
dismantle its largest single barrier to agriculture, textile and
consumer product imports in a deal negotiated with the US. India
agreed to lift over 1,400 specific restrictions, half of which would
be implemented within 3 months.
(WSJ, 1/10/00, p.A2)
2000 Feb, Alla Rakha, the
world's best known tabla player, died in Bombay at age 80 just hours
after the death of his daughter, Razia (51).
(WSJ, 2/9/00, p.A24)
2000 Feb 10, In Jammu-Kashmir a
train explosion killed at least 5 people. In northern Kashmir gunmen
burst into 2 homes in Pattan village and killed 6 people with 3
(SFC, 2/11/00, p.D2)
2000 Feb 18, In Kashmir a land
mine killed 10 police officers in Tral. Another 6 were seriously
wounded. Militants for independence or union with Pakistan claimed
(SFC, 2/19/00, p.C1)
2000 Feb 25, Pakistan accused
India that soldier had crossed the border of Pakistan-controlled
Kashmir and killed 14 civilians.
(SFC, 2/28/00, p.C2)
2000 Feb 27, India claimed that
Pakistani soldiers had crossed the cease-fire line and killed one
Indian officer and 6 other soldiers. Police reported that separatist
rebels killed a public-works minister and 4 others with a
remote-controlled device in Assam
(SFC, 2/28/00, p.C2)
2000 Feb 29, In India the
government announced a 28.2% increase in military spending, tax
increase on higher income people and cuts in government payroll.
(SFC, 3/1/00, p.A13)
2000 Mar 5, In India supporters
of the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) went on a rampage in Patna after
their party was dislodged from elections in Bihar ed by the National
Democratic Alliance. 2 people died and thousands were jailed.
(SFC, 3/6/00, p.A12)
2000 Mar 19, Pres. Clinton
arrived in India for the start of a 6 day trip.
(WSJ, 3/20/00, p.A1)
2000 Mar 20, In Kashmir gunmen
massacred 35 Sikhs in Chati Sionghpura Mattan.
(SFC, 3/21/00, p.A12)
2000 Mar 21, Pres. Clinton
began a 5 day stay in India. India rejected his call for further
curbs in the nuclear program.
(SFC, 3/21/00, p.A14)(SFC, 3/22/00, p.A11)
2000 Apr 4, In India 532 rebels
of the United Liberation Front of Assam turned in their weapons and
gave up their struggle for independence. Some 2000 fighters still
remained in the jungles of Assam. Over 5,000 people had been killed
in the front’s campaign since 1979.
(SFC, 4/5/00, p.A11)
2000 Apr 25, In India it was
reported that some 50 million people faced severe drought in
Rajasthan and Gujarat.
(SFC, 4/25/00, p.A12)
2000 Apr, In India an explosion
at a weapon’s dump in the Rajasthan desert killed 2 soldiers and
destroyed $90 million of ammunition. It was blamed on unkept long
grass that had caught fire.
(Economist, 9/29/12, p.66)
2000 Jun 17, Upper-class
militia stormed Miapur village in Bihar state and massacred 34
women, children and old men. The attack was in retribution for the
murder of 12 upper-caste farmers five days earlier, which in turn
was preceded by the murder of 5 low-caste Yadavs. Police later
arrested 11 landlord-paid militiamen.
(SFEC, 6/18/00, p.A12)(WSJ, 6/19/00, p.A1)
2000 Jun, In India two bombs
were set off at crowded shopping area near the Red Fort, a massive
17th-century sandstone palace in New Delhi. Two people died in the
blasts. On Jan 1, 2010, three Pakistani men, convicted of the
bombing, escaped from custody shortly before they were to be
2000 Jul 4, The Cabinet
rejected a demand for political autonomy by the Kashmir state
(SFC, 7/5/00, p.A12)
2000 Jul 12, In India at least
71 people were killed after part of Balbati Hill collapsed in
eastern Bombay. The death toll from monsoon rains over 2 days
reached 135 for Maharashtra and Gujarat states.
(SFC, 7/13/00, p.C4)(SFC, 7/14/00, p.D2)(SFC,
2000 Jul 17, In India an
Alliance Air Boeing 737 jet with 58 people caught fire and crashed
into two homes just before landing at Patna airport. 7 people
survived and another 4 were killed on the ground. A total of 56
people were killed on board and on the ground.
(SFC, 7/17/00, p.A15)(SFC, 7/18/00, p.A12)(AP,
2000 Jul 30, In Kashmir a
Pakistan-based rebel group opposed to a cease-fire attacked Indian
security forces and killed at least 3 soldiers.
(SFC, 8/1/00, p.A10)
2000 Jul 30, In Tamil Nadu film
star Rajkumar and 3 companions were kidnapped by Veerappan and his
gang. Veerappan was accused of killing at least 130 police officers
and had eluded capture for 18 years. On Aug 6 the governments of
Tamil Nadu and Karnataka agreed to meet rebel the kidnapper’s
(SFC, 8/5/00, p.A11)(SFC, 8/7/00, p.A14)
2000 Jul, The "Kaun Banega
Crorepati" TV show (Who Wants To Be a 10 Millionaire) began based on
the American Millionaire show. Amitabh Bachchan (58) served as the
host with the top prize of 10 million rupees ($230,000).
(SFC, 9/4/00, p.G4)
2000 Aug 2, In Kashmir the
death toll from guerrilla attacks climbed to 101.
(SFC, 8/3/00, p.A12)
2000 Aug 2, In India rain in
Tibet flooded the Sutlej River in India and drowned at least 107
people in Himachal Pradesh state.
(SFC, 8/3/00, p.A13)
2000 Aug 8, In northeastern
Assam state flash floods and mudslides left at least 80 people dead
and 2 million homeless.
(SFC, 8/9/00, p.A14)
2000 Aug 14, In India a
train bombing in Uttar Pradesh killed 7 people and injured dozens.
Pakistani agents were blamed.
(WSJ, 8/15/00, p.A1)
2000 Aug 17, India opened its
first fashion show in Mumbai, Lakme India Fashion Week.
2000 Aug 21, In Kashmir Muslim
guerrillas used booby traps to kill 5 Indian soldiers, while Indian
security forces killed 8 people believed to be part of the
separatist movement. Indian shelling into the Pakistani controlled
side killed a man and an 8-year-old girl. In Jachil Dhara guerrilla
set explosives killed an Indian general and a colonel.
(SFC, 8/22/00, p.A12)
2000 Aug 24, It was reported
that 49 people were killed following torrential rains in Andhra
(SFC, 8/25/00, p.D8)
2000 Aug 24, India and Pakistan
traded accusations over a clash in Kashmir. India claimed that 10
Pakistani fighters were killed, while Pakistan said 2 were killed.
(SFC, 8/25/00, p.D8)
2000 Sep 6, In India the
Defense Research Laboratory (DRL) located in Tezpur, Assam,
published a report stating that it had achieved a new world record
of 855,000 SHU (Scoville heat units) obtained from a Naga Jolokia
(bhut jolokia) pepper. Seeds were brought to the US for testing and
in the Fall of 2006 Professor Paul Bosland of NMSU succeeded in
testing the chili. The Bhut Jolokia was confirmed as the world
record holder by Guinness, and in February, 2007 it was official.
2000 Sep 17, In India 7 people
were killed after police opened fire in Ahmadabad in Gujarat state
following mob violence during municipal elections.
(SFC, 9/18/00, p.A9)
2000 Sep 18, Rain and melting
snow began to force the overflow of rivers such as the Ganges,
Hoogly, Bhagirathi and others.
(SFC, 9/29/00, p.A20)
2000 Sep 21, In West Bengal the
release of water from 2 dams left tens of thousands of people
stranded. Floods following torrential rains killed at least 59
(WSJ, 9/22/00, p.A1)
2000 Sep 24, In India 6 days of
rain left 370 people dead or missing.
(WSJ, 9/25/00, p.A1)
2000 Sep 28, Some 1,000 people
were killed following 10 days of torrential rains.
(SFC, 9/29/00, p.A20)
2000 Oct 1, In India officials
in West Bengal state said 997 people had died due to flooding over
the past 3 weeks. 45 people were reported killed in Bangladesh.
(SFC, 10/2/00, p.A14)
2000 Oct 23, In India at least
16 people were killed in 2 attacks in Assam state. Police blamed the
United Liberation Front of Asom. Over 10,000 people have been killed
since the group began its campaign 2 decades ago. [see Apr 4, 2000]
(SFC, 10/24/00, p.A16)
2000 Nov 1, In central India
Chhattisgarh state formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking
southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood.
2000 Nov 2, In India Irom Chanu
Sharmila, a poet known as the “Iron Lady," began a fast unto death
as a protest to the killing of 10 Manipuris by paramilitary troops.
To end her fast she demanded the repeal of the Armed Forces Special
Power Act (AFSPA), which has allowed the army to detain, and
sometimes kill, north-easterners with impunity.
(Econ, 11/7/09, p.43)
2000 Nov 6, Buddhadeb
Bhattacharjee (b.1944), poet and playwright, became the chief
minister of India’s West Bengal state.
2000 Nov 6 In India a mob of
Sunnis attacked Shiites in the market area of Mubarakpur in Uttar
Pradesh state and 13 people were killed.
(SFC, 11/7/00, p.B2)
2000 Nov 7, Chidambaram
Subramaniam, the political architect of India’s "green revolution,"
died at age 90. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, the nation’s
highest civilian prize, in 1998.
(SFC, 11/11/00, p.A26)
2000 Nov 9, In India
Uttarakhand state was carved out of Himalayan and adjoining
districts of Uttar Pradesh, becoming the 27th state of the Republic
2000 Nov 13, In India about
1000 people demonstrated in New Delhi against the building of some
3,000 dams across the Narmada Valley and 3 Indian states.
(SFC, 11/14/00, p.A17)
2000 Nov 15, In India the state
of Jharkhand was carved out of the southern part of Bihar state.
2000 Nov 15, The bandit
Veerappan released the movie idol Rajkumar (72) after 109 days.
(SFC, 11/16/00, p.A15)
2000 Nov 19, India announced a
1-month unilateral cease-fire in Kashmir.
(SFC, 11/20/00, p.A9)
2000 Nov 22, In Kashmir Islamic
militants assaulted 2 Indian military positions and killed several
soldiers. 3 militants were also reported killed.
(SFC, 11/23/00, p.D6)
2000 Nov 28, In Kashmir Muslim
separatists attacked Indian forces and 12 people were killed.
(SFC, 11/29/00, p.A18)
2000 Dec 2, Two trains collided
at Sarai Banjara in the Punjab and at least 46 people were killed.
(SFC, 12/4/00, p.E2)
2000 Dec 4, The Indian military
was attacked twice by suspected Islamic guerrillas and at least 5
people were killed. In Kashmir a bus carrying police officers fell
into a gorge at Baithi Chashma in the Donda district and at least 27
officers were killed.
(SFC, 12/5/00, p.A15)
2000 Dec 4, Pakistan said it
won’t insist to being party to Indian peace talks with Kashmiri
separatists but that it must be a party to the final settlement.
(WSJ, 12/5/00, p.A1)
2000 Dec 7, Indigenous rebels
massacred 30 Hindi-speaking people in Assam state.
(SSFC, 12/17/00, p.T10)
2000 Dec 20, India and Pakistan
took steps to reduce tensions in Kashmir. India extended its
cease-fire and Pakistan announced a partial troop withdrawal.
(SFC, 12/21/00, p.A20)
2000 Dec 22, Separatists
attacked the Red Fort in New Delhi and 3 people were killed.
(WSJ, 12/26/00, p.A1)
2000 Dec 25, In Kashmir a
car bomb went off in Indian controlled Srinagar and 8 people were
killed with 23 injured. The Pakistan-based rebel groups Jamaat-ul
Mujahedeen and Jaish-e-Mohammad claimed responsibility.
(SFC, 12/26/00, p.C4)(WSJ, 12/26/00, p.A1)
2000 Dec, India’s National
Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) made controversial findings in
the Gulf of Cambay, also known as the Gulf of Khambhat. The
structures and artifacts discovered by NIOT claimed the existence of
submerged city-like structures dating to 7500 BC.
2000 The book "India: A
Mosaic," was edited by Robert B. Silvers and Barbara Epstein.
(SFEC, 3/26/00, BR p.3)
2000 Kaushik Basu (b.1952), an
Indian economist at Cornell Univ., authored “Prelude to Political
Economy." In Dec. 2009 he became the chief economic advisor to
India’s finance ministry.
2000 The Sardar Sarovar Dam
project was resumed following a Supreme court ruling. Construction
had halted in 1995 with the dam at 263 feet. The final height was to
be 452 feet. 500,000 people were expected to be displaced.
(SFC, 1/17/02, p.A9)
2000 India converted 8 export
processing zones, which dated back to 1965, to special economic
zones (SEZs), where streamlined procedures, tax breaks and good
infrastructure lured investors to export oriented industries.
(Econ, 10/14/06, p.45)
2000 In India lawmaker Shibu
Soren led a movement that culminated in the new eastern state of
Jharkhand being hived off from Bihar. His people, the impoverished
indigenous forest-dwelling tribe members known as Adivasis, occupied
the lowest rungs of India's complex social ladder, but formed a
(AP, 12/7/06)(Econ, 12/9/06, p.48)
2000 Arun Shourie, a former
journalist, was appointed minister of disinvestment and assigned to
sell off some 250 state-owned companies.
(WSJ, 1/9/04, p.A1)
2000 Indiabulls, a security
firm in Mumbai, was founded by 3 Indian engineers. The company went
public in Sep. 2004.
(Econ, 8/27/05, p.57)
2000 India’s Reliance
Industries Limited (RIL), under Dhirubhai Ambani, opened one of the
world’s largest refineries in Gujarat.
(Econ, 3/11/17, p.66)
2000 India’s Tata Tea took over
Britain’s Tetley Group for $450 million.
(Econ, 3/5/11, p.75)
2000 Caroline Boudreaux of
Louisiana started The Miracle Foundation as a typical international
adoption agency for children in India. The adoption process was slow
and cumbersome so she entered into a partnership with an
organization in India to build orphanages from the ground up. In
2009 she hired Elizabeth Davis, a veteran entrepreneur in Austin’s
tech world, to be the organization’s chief operating officer and
together they built a system for finding existing orphanages that
were willing to partner with The Miracle Foundation.
2000-2015 Mauritius accounted for around $94
billion, or nearly 34 percent, of foreign direct investment in
2001 Jan 3, On the
India-Pakistan border 4 Indian soldiers and 2 civilians were killed
at the border post of Arhayee Mandi.
(SFC, 1/4/01, p.A12)
2001 Jan 4, India test flew its
1st locally developed jet fighter.
(WSJ, 1/05/01, p.A1)
2001 Jan 9, The Mahakumbha Mela
(Pitcher Festival), the world’s largest religious festival, opened
in Allahabad at the confluence of the Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati
rivers. The festival dated back to the 10th century and 65 million
people were expected.
(SSFC, 1/7/01, p.T3)(SSFC, 1/14/01, p.D8)
2001 Jan 16, In Kashmir 11
people died when militants attacked the airport at Srinagar. The
Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba guerrillas claimed responsibility.
The group was later banned in Pakistan but reappeared under the name
(SFC, 1/17/01, p.A11)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.39)
2001 Jan 23, India extended its
cease-fire in Kashmir for a 3rd month.
(WSJ, 1/24/01, p.A1)
2001 Jan 26, A 7.9 (7.7)
earthquake hit India and Pakistan as India prepared to celebrate
Republic Day. It was an intraplate earthquake along a thrust fault
300 miles south of the boundary between the Indo-Australian and
Eurasian Plates. Some 20,000-50,000 people were killed and over
14,000 injured across Gujarat state. 10 people were reported killed
in Pakistan. The quake caused an underground river, either the
Saraswati or Indus, to reappear that had disappeared in a 19th
century quake. [see Jan 31]
(SFC, 1/26/01, p.A16)(SFC, 1/27/01, p.A1)(WSJ,
1/29/01, p.A1)(SFC, 2/17/01, p.D8)(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.R12)
2001 Jan 31, The death count
from the 7.7 earthquake reached 12,000 and an additional 13,000 were
believed still buried. The final death count was set to 15,537 in
(SFC, 2/1/01, p.A9)(SFC, 6/14/01, p.C3)
2001 Jan, At least 10,000
monkeys occupied government offices in New Delhi, where they
shredded documents and threatened workers.
(SFC, 1/13/01, p.D8)
2001 Feb 1, The earthquake
death toll estimates rose to between 35-50 thousand with injuries to
over 60,000. the damages in Gujarat state were estimated at $4.5
(WSJ, 2/2/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/4/01, p.A14)
2001 Feb 6, In India the Cipla
Ltd. Corp. of Bombay offered to supply triple-therapy anti-AIDS
cocktails to Doctors Without Borders in Africa for $350 per year per
(SFC, 2/7/01, p.A12)
2001 Feb 22, India extended a
(WSJ, 2/23/01, p.A1)
2001 Mar 12, Bangaru Laxman,
president of the Bharatiya Janata Party, resigned following video
taped images of bribery. In 2012 he was jailed for four years for
accepting a bribe to swing a fake arms deal in a media sting
(SFC, 3/14/01, p.C12)(AFP, 4/28/12)
2001 Mar 15, Defense minister
George Fernandes resigned in a corruption scandal.
(SFC, 3/16/01, p.A16)
2001 cMar 19, Hindu
fundamentalist burned a Koran in Delhi to protest the Afghan
destruction of Buddhist statues.
(SSFC, 4/1/01, p.T12)
2001 cMar 20, Police clashed
with Muslims in Kanpur and 14 people were killed. The Muslims
protested the Koran burning in Delhi.
(SSFC, 4/1/01, p.T12)
2001 cMar 21, Hindu
nationalists desecrated a mosque in Amritsar and burned copies of
the Koran to protest the Afghan destruction of Buddhist statues
(SSFC, 4/1/01, p.T12)
2001 Mar 22, A massive police
alert was issued following unrest in Amritsar.
(WSJ, 3/23/01, p.A1)
2001 Mar 29, A power plant
cooling tower collapsed and 6 workers were killed at Parvada.
(SFC, 3/30/01, p.A19)
2001 Apr 1, In New Delhi a
court order for cleaner fuel use forced thousands of buses and taxis
off the streets and thousands of commuters became stranded.
(WSJ, 4/3/01, p.A16)
2001 Apr 11, In northern India
8 Islamic separatists and 2 government soldiers were killed in gun
battles in Jammu and Kashmir.
(SFC, 4/12/01, p.C2)
2001 Apr 18, Border fighting
between Bangladesh and India left 16 Indian and 2 Bangladeshi
(WSJ, 4/19/01, p.A1)
2001 Apr 18, India launched a
rocket carrying a communications satellite.
(SFC, 4/19/01, p.A11)
2001 May 10, In India millions
voted in legislative elections in 5 states (Assam, West Bengal,
Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry) and clashes left 16 people dead.
Opposition parties won landslide victories in the 5 state
(SFC, 5/11/01, p.D8)(SFC, 5/14/01, p.A12)
2001 May 13, Author R.K.
Narayan died at age 94 in Madras. His work included 34 novels and
hundreds of short stories.
(SFC, 5/14/01, p.B2)
2001 May 15, Gunmen killed 3
Catholic priests at Ngarian in Manipur state.
(SFC, 5/17/01, p.C4)
2001 May 23, India called off a
6-month cease-fire in Kashmir and at the same time invited
Pakistan’s military leader to visit and discuss how to bring peace
to the region.
(SFC, 5/24/01, p.C2)
2001 May 29, Pakistan accepted
India’s offer for peace talks on Kashmir.
(WSJ, 5/30/01, p.A1)
2001 May, India's Union
Minister for Human Resource Development, Science and Technology
division, Murli Manohar Joshi, announced that the ruins of an
ancient civilization had been discovered off the coast of Gujarat.
In Dec, 2000, India’s National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT)
made controversial findings in the Gulf of Cambay, also known as the
Gulf of Khambhat. The structures and artifacts discovered by NIOT
claimed the existence of submerged city-like structures dating to
2001 Jun 4, Government troops
battled Islamic rebels on 3 fronts and 23 people were killed. 4
civilians died when a grenade missed a paramilitary bunker and
exploded at a crowded bus station.
(SFC, 6/5/01, p.A14)
2001 Jun 18, Protesters burned
down the legislature in northeastern Manipur state. Police shot and
killed 11 protesters, who opposed a truce between the federal
government and a separatist group. It was the 3rd day of a general
(SFC, 6/19/01, p.A9)(SSFC, 6/24/01, p.T9)
2001 Jun 14, Sripati
Chandrasekhar (83), former health minister and author, died in San
Diego. His articles and 32 books included "American Aid and India’s
Economic Development" (1965).
(SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A27)
2001 Jun, The Indian School of
Business in Hyderabad was scheduled to open with 120 students.
Founder Rajat Gupta intended the school to become a world-class
(WSJ, 3/23/00, p.A19)
2001 Jul 10, In Kashmir 25
people were killed as India pressed an offensive against Islamic
(SFC, 7/11/01, p.A8)
2001 Jul 14, Gen. Pervez
Musharraf of Pakistan arrived in India for talks on Kashmir and
other issues with PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
(SSFC, 7/15/01, p.A12)
2001 Jul 15, Gen. Pervez
Musharraf of Pakistan met with PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee and talked on
issues including, Kashmir, trade, terrorism and nuclear safeguards.
They also agreed to continue discussions for a 2nd day.
(SFC, 7/16/01, p.A12)
2001 Jul 16, In India the
leaders of Pakistan and India failed to reach an accord on their
half-century dispute over Kashmir, ending a landmark three-day
summit on a solemn note. They did agree to meet later in the year in
(SFC, 7/17/01, p.A6)(AP, 7/16/02)
2001 Jul 21, Sivaji Ganesan,
actor, died at age 77 in Madras. He made his screen debut in the
1952 Tamil film "Parasakthi."
(SFC, 7/24/01, p.A20)
2001 Jul 23, It was reported
that flooding in India’s Orissa state had killed some 83 people and
left over 600,000 stranded.
(WSJ, 7/23/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/25/01, p.A9)
2001 Jul 25, India’s bandit
queen, Phoolan Devi, was killed by masked gunmen in New Delhi. She
had led a revolt against the abuse of low-class women and won a seat
in parliament. Sher Singh Rana later confessed to the killing. 2
accomplices were later arrested.
(WSJ, 7/26/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)
2001 Jul 25-2001 Sep 23, A red
rain fell sporadically in Kerala, India, during this period. A
government study found that the rains had been colored by spores
from a locally prolific aerial algae. In early 2006 the Keralan
colored rains suddenly rose to worldwide attention after media
reports of an extraordinary theory that the colored particles are
extraterrestrial cells, proposed by Godfrey Louis and Santhosh Kumar
of the Mahatma Gandhi University in Kottayam.
2001 Aug 4, Torrential rains
and floods swept over Bihar state and at least 3 people were killed.
Thousands were marooned.
(SSFC, 8/5/01, p.A14)
2001 Aug 6, In Madras state a
fire at the Badshaw asylum in Erwady killed 27 patients, many of who
were chained to their beds.
(SFC, 8/7/01, p.A6)(SFC, 8/9/01, p.A9)
2001 Aug 14, It was reported
that 15 wild elephants had died in Nameri National Park in Assam
state from an unknown disease.
(SFC, 8/15/01, p.A7)
2001 Sep 8, In Kanpur, India,
some 6,000 Dalits, converted to Buddhism.
(SFC, 9/10/01, p.B2)
2001 Sep 22, Pres. Bush lifted
sanctions on India and Pakistan.
(SSFC, 9/23/01, p.A1)
2001 Sep 27, In India the
central government banned the Student’s Islamic Movement of India
(SIMI). This triggered a day of riots and led to 4 deaths in
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
(WSJ, 10/1/01, p.A21)
2001 Oct 1, In Srinagar,
capital of Jammu and Kashmir, a Pakistani-based suicide squad struck
at the Legislative Assembly and 38 people were killed.
(SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 11/7/01, p.A17)(AP,
2001 Oct 2, India demanded that
Pakistan shut down the Jaish-e-Mohammed (Army of the Prophet
Mohammad) militant group responsible for the Oct 1 attack in
Srinagar that killed 40 people. India also asked the US to outlaw
the group and to freeze its assets.
(SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)
2001 Oct 15, India shelled
Pakistani posts along their line in Jammu Kashmir for aiding Islamic
militants. One woman was killed and 25 civilians wounded.
(SFC, 10/16/01, p.B1)
2001 Oct 27, In Kashmir Islamic
rebels fought Indian troops in several areas and at least 21 people
(SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A20)
2001 Nov 2, In Kashmir
Indian forces killed at least 25 suspected Islamic militants who
tried to cross over to Pakistan.
(SFC, 11/3/01, p.C2)
2001 Nov 6, Russia clinched a
deal to build a $2.6 billion nuclear-power plant in Kudunkulam,
Tamil Nadu, India. India reiterated its intention of buying a
Russian aircraft carrier, the Admiral Gorshkov, for the cost of
retrofit estimated at $500 million, along with 2 squadrons of
MiG-29C jet fighters.
(WSJ, 11/7/01, p.A16)
2001 Nov 10, In Kashmir Indian
forces battled suspected Islamic militants and 18 people were
(SFC, 11/12/01, p.A14)
2001 Nov 21, India border
forces in Kashmir killed at least 12 suspected Islamic guerrillas
trying to cross a cease-fire line with Pakistan.
(SFC, 11/22/01, p.A21)
2001 Dec 13, In India 5 gunmen
and a suicide bomber tried to enter a gate at the parliament
building in New Delhi. 6 policemen and the attackers were killed and
18 wounded. The Kashmiri Lashkar-e-Tayyaba separatist group was held
responsible. The attack left 14 people dead. In 2006 Afzal Guru, a
Kashmiri, was sentenced to death for his involvement in the
(SFC, 12/14/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/14/01, p.A1)(SFC,
12/15/01, p.A3)(SSFC, 12/16/01, p.A14)(Econ, 10/7/06, p.47)
2001 Dec 21, India recalled its
top envoy from Pakistan and suspended bus and train service between
the 2 countries.
(SFC, 12/22/01, p.A3)
2001 Dec 23, India troops moved
closer to the Pakistani border and heavy fire was exchanged. 2
Indian soldiers were killed.
(SFC, 12/24/01, p.A4)
2001 Dec 23, Sri Lanka's
Premier traveled to India to press for greater involvement in peace
talks with the Tamil rebels.
(WSJ, 12/24/01, p.A1)
2001 Dec 25, India and Pakistan
armies exchanged artillery fire in the mountains of Kashmir.
(SFC, 12/26/01, p.A1)
2001 Dec 26, India deployed
missile batteries and increased jet fighter patrols along its border
(SFC, 12/27/01, p.A3)
2001 Dec 27, India banned
Pakistan’s national airline from entering its airspace and ordered
Pakistan to withdraw half of its diplomats from New Delhi. Pakistan
(SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(AP, 12/27/02)
2001 Stephen Cohen authored
“India: Emerging Power."
(Econ, 3/8/08, p.94)
2001 Gurdharan Das authored
"India Unbound," an examination of why India is so impoverished.
(WSJ, 3/19/00, p.A19)
2001 Arundhati Roy authored
"Power Politics." It covered dam development in India and included
the role of Enron Corp. in Maharashtra state projects.
2001 The Indian film "Lagaan"
(Land Tax) starred Aamir Khan (36), who also produced it. It was set
in 1893 and focused on a cricket match between villagers and
colonial masters over an unjust tax. It was the 1st Indian film to
receive an Oscar nomination on 14 years.
(WSJ, 3/27/02, p.A14)
2001 India’s film industry
gained “industry status" allowing banks to lend to it.
(Econ, 7/9/16, p.32)
2001 In India Ramesh Ramanathan
and Swati Ramanathan, founded the Janaagraha Center for Citizenship
and Democracy. It started as a movement to enable citizen
participation in public governance and evolved into a robust
institution for Citizenship and Democracy. In 2010 the center
introduced the website http://ipaidabribe.com.
2001 Arun Shourie was appointed
as India’s minister of disinvestment.
(Econ, 3/13/04, p.68)
2001 In India the Children’s
Development Bank was started by a children’s advocacy group led by
Rita Panicker as a means for street kids in New Delhi in safely save
their money. The idea spread across South Asia and by 2007 some
6,400 boys and girls in India, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Nepal had
(SSFC, 8/19/07, p.A17)
2001 In India Enron Corp. and
other investors shut down the Dabhol Power in Maharashtra state
after the state’s electricity authority fell $240 million behind in
(Econ, 5/1/04, p.66)
2001 A census in India reported
that the Parsi population, also known as Zoroastrians, had declined
to 69,601 from 76,382 a decade earlier. Their numbers worldwide were
less than 200,00 with most in India and Iran.
(WSJ, 2/6/06, p.A1)
2001 India changed the name of
Calcutta to Kolkata.
(SSFC, 10/29/06, p.G2)
2002 Jan 2, In India, Kashmir,
militants detonated 2 grenades near the legislature killing 1 police
officer and wounding at least 24. 2 soldiers were later killed by
militants at an Indian military post in Darhal.
(SFC, 1/3/02, p.A3)
2002 Jan 2, Foreign ministers
of India and Pakistan shook hands at a regional summit in Nepal.
(SFC, 1/3/02, p.A3)
2002 Jan 2, Anil Agarwal,
founder and leader of India’s Centre for Science and Environment
(CSE), died of cancer. Leadership passed to Sunita Narain.
(www.cseindia.org/aboutus/anilji/anilji.htm)(Econ, 8/26/06, p.51)
2002 Jan 4, India reported the
death of 15 soldiers and a number of civilians near Amritsar due to
the mishandling of an ammunition filled truck.
(SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A18)
2002 Jan 6, India shot down an
unmanned Pakistani spy plane. Pres. Vajpayee met with PM Tony Blair
in New Delhi.
(SFC, 1/7/02, p.A3)
2002 Jan 8, India and Pakistan
traded fire on their Kashmir border.
(WSJ, 1/9/02, p.A1)
2002 Jan 13, Armed militants in
Tripura state killed 16 and wounded 10 in the Singicherra area. The
outlawed National Liberation Front of Tripura targeted Bengali
(SFC, 1/14/02, p.A6)
2002 Jan 21, In Kashmir 21
people died in violence.
(WSJ, 1/22/02, p.A1)
2002 Jan 22, At least 4 police
officers were killed when 2 gunmen opened fired at the American
Center in Calcutta. 19 people were wounded. 3 Bangladeshis and 3
teachers from an Islamic school were later arrested and charged with
murder. Gangster Aftab Ansari was later arrested in Dubai and said
his motive was to punish police for killing his friend, Asif Raza
Khan, last year. Harkat-ul Jihadi-e-Islami (HUJEI) was later
implicated. In 2005 7 people were sentenced to death for the
(SFC, 1/22/02, p.A8)(SFC, 1/23/02, p.A4)(SFC,
1/24/02, p.A7)(SSFC, 2/10/02, p.A14)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.A20)(AP,
2002 Jan 24, India tested an
intermediate-range Agni-II missile over the Bay of Bengal.
(SFC, 1/25/02, p.A15)
2002 Jan 25, Chinese PM Zhu
Rongji visited Bangalore and said: You are number one in software,
and we are number one in hardware. If Indian software and Chinese
hardware work together, we can create a force that will be number
one in the world.
(SSFC, 1/27/02, p.A24)
2002 Feb 22, Pakistan
complained over the US sale to India of surveillance radar, the
AN/TPQ-36 Firefinder system.
(SFC, 2/23/02, p.A14)
2002 Feb 23, It was reported
that 5 people were confirmed with plague in Himachal Pradesh.
(SFC, 2/23/02, p.A24)
2002 Feb 24, The BJP party was
defeated in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Manipur and the new state of
Uttaranchal. It retained control in only 4 of the 28 states.
(SFC, 2/25/02, p.A7)
2002 Feb 27, In India Muslim
attackers allegedly set fire to a train carrying Hindu nationalists
and 58 were killed as the Sabarmati Express left Godhra in Gujarat
state. Hindu nationalists went rampaging and at least 5 Muslims were
killed in other towns. 3 months of rioting followed with some 2000
dead in revenge attacks. In 2005 a government panel said the fire
was not set by a Muslim mob. Narendra Modi, chief minister of
Gujarat, was later blamed for the violence. On Feb 22, 2011, 31
people were convicted on conspiracy and murder charges over the
deadly train fire. On Feb 28, 2011, an Indian court handed 11 death
sentences and 20 life terms to Muslims convicted of burning Hindus
alive in the train fire.
(SFC, 2/28/02, p.A7)(SFC, 6/28/03, p.A3)(WSJ,
1/18/05, p.A1)(Econ, 3/26/05, p.44)(AFP, 2/22/11)(AFP, 3/1/11)
2002 Feb 28, In India Hindu
mobs in Gujarat state killed at least 96 people as they burned shops
and attacked residences in Ahmadabad to avenge the killing a day
earlier of Hindu activists. A Hindu mob descended on the Gulberg
Society, a cluster of homes in Ahmadabad, leaving Ehsan Jafri, a
former Congress MP, and 68 others dead. In 2007 videotaped
confessions showed Hindu activists acknowledging their roles in the
killings and detailing blatant state collusion. In 2011 a court
sentenced 31 Hindus to life imprisonment for killing dozens of
Muslims by setting a building on fire in a village in Mehsana
district. 33 Muslims, including 20 women who had taken shelter
there, were burned alive.
(SFC, 3/1/02, p.A1,12)(SFC, 10/25/07, p.A13)(AP,
11/9/11)(Econ, 3/3/12, p.54)(Econ, 12/14/13, p.32)
2002 Mar 1, In Gujarat, India,
the death toll from Hindu-Muslim violence passed 300 and some 3,500
troops moved into Ahmadabad to quell the violence. 14 Muslims burned
to death in the Best Bakery in Vadodara. 21 Hindus, accused of
murder, were later acquitted after almost 40 witnesses withdrew
evidence. At least 23 people taking shelter in a house were killed
when a mob set it on fire at Ode village in Anand district of
(SFC, 3/2/02, p.A1)(Econ, 9/20/03,
2002 Mar 2, Rioting spread as
the death toll in India's religious strife reached 408.
2002 Mar 3, In Ahmadabad the
death toll from Hindu-Muslim violence climbed to 538 as Hindu mobs
continued attacks on Muslims.
(SFC, 3/4/02, p.A8)
2002 Mar 4, In Ahmadabad Hindu
militants razed the 80-year-old Manchaji mosque and erected a
foot-tall statue of the monkey god Hanuman in its place. The death
toll from Hindu-Muslim violence in the region climbed to 544.
(SFC, 3/5/02, p.A6)
2002 Mar 4, In Kashmir
separatist violence left at least 17 people dead. This included 8
Islamic militants killed by Indian soldiers.
(SFC, 3/5/02, p.A7)
2002 Mar 7, The death toll from
Hindu-Muslim violence in the region climbed to 665, and was expected
to climb if construction begins Mar 15 on a Hindu temple in Ayodha.
(WSJ, 3/8/02, p.A1)
2002 Mar 10, Religious violence
left 2 more dead in Panvad and Rajpipla, villages 60 and 95 miles
away from Ahmadabad.
(SFC, 3/12/02, p.A7)
2002 Mar 13, A high-court panel
ruled that no religious ceremony may be held in Ayodhya at the
67-acre site of the former Babri Masjid mosque, destroyed by Hindus
in 1992. Mahant Ramchandra Paramhans (94), head of the Ram temple
movement, vowed to defy the court order.
(SFC, 3/14/02, p.A7)(SFC, 3/15/02, p.A16)
2002 Mar 14, About 10,000
police stood guard at Ayodhya arrested some 1,500 kar sevaks (holy
volunteers) and blocked marchers intent on beginning construction of
a Ram temple.
(SFC, 3/16/02, p.A9)
2002 Mar 17, It was reported
that McDonald’s Corp. had agreed to give 410 million to vegetarian
groups, Hindu and Sikh organizations and to pay $4,000 to 12
plaintiffs to settle a suit over the use of beef tallow in french
(SSFC, 3/17/02, p.A22)
2002 Mar 18, In India police
shot and killed 4 people while trying to disperse mobs and stop
looting in 2 towns, Bharuch and Modasa, in Gujarat state.
(SFC, 3/20/02, p.A10)
2002 Mar 26, India passed a
Prevention of Terrorism bill that allowed a 3-month detention of
suspects without charges plus an additional 3 months with court
(SFC, 3/27/02, p.A6)
2002 Mar 30, In Kashmir
suspected Islamic militants exchanged fire with Indian police in
Jammu and 10 people were killed.
(SSFC, 3/31/02, p.A17)
2002 May 3, In India an air
force jet crashed into an office building in the Adda neighborhood
of Jullundur in Punjab state. At least 8 people were killed. 2
pilots escaped from the MiG-21.
(SFC, 5/3/02, p.A10)
2002 May 7, In India a land
mine exploded under a police van in Jharkhand state and 15 officers
were killed. Rebels were enforcing a 3-day strike in the area to
protest the labeling of some 21 groups as terrorists.
(SFC, 5/8/02, p.A17)
2002 May 9, Rioting between
Hindus and Muslims in Ahmadabad left 9 people dead.
(SFC, 5/10/02, p.A20)
2002 May 12, In India an
express train derailed near Lucknow and 12 people were killed.
Sabotage was suspected.
(SFC, 5/13/02, p.A6)
2002 May 13, The government
that a heat wave had left 50 people dead in the Andhra Pradesh
(SFC, 5/14/02, p.A13)
2002 May 14, In Kashmir 3
Islamic militant attacked an Indian army base and killed 34
civilians and soldiers in Kaluchak. India held Pakistan responsible.
(SFC, 5/14/02, p.A13)(SFC, 5/15/02, p.A11)(WSJ,
2002 May 18, India and Pakistan
traded fire for a 2nd day across the Line of Control. India gave its
Pakistan ambassador 1 week to return home and bombarded 13 sectors
(SSFC, 5/19/02, p.A11)
2002 May 19, Weekend fighting
in Kashmir between India and Pakistan left at least 15 people
(SFC, 5/20/02, p.A8)
2002 May 20, Palestine called
for int’l. monitors for the Kashmir border. 2 Indian soldiers were
killed in fighting.
(SFC, 5/21/02, p.A9)
2002 May 21, Fighting between
Indian and Pakistan soldiers in Kashmir killed 9 civilians and
wounded 7 others. Gunmen in Srinagar assassinated Abdul Ghani Lone
(70), a moderate Kashmiri separatist leader.
(SFC, 5/21/02, p.A9)(SFC, 5/22/02, p.A13)(WSJ,
2002 May 24, Pres. Vajpayee
announced a $1.3 billion aid package for Kashmir and promised fair
(WSJ, 5/30/02, p.A10)
2002 May 25, Pres. Bush and
Putin pressured Pakistan’s Pres. Musharraf to stop incursions into
(SSFC, 5/26/02, p.A12)
2002 May 29, In India 4 bomb
blasts in and around Ahmadabad in Gujarat state injured at least 39
(SFC, 5/29/02, p.A16)(SFC, 5/30/02, p.A12)
2002 May 29, In Kashmir
cross-border shelling killed at least 23 people and wounded 17.
(WSJ, 5/30/02, p.A1)
2002 May 30, Violence resumed
in Gujarat state. In Kadi a Muslim bus driver was dragged from his
bus and burned alive and a Hindu man was killed in a bomb blast.
(SFC, 5/31/02, p.A12)
2002 May 31, The US State Dept.
urged some 60,000 Americans in India to leave over concerns of war
between India and Pakistan.
(SFC, 6/1/02, p.A1)
2002 Jun 1, The UN ordered its
employees in India and Pakistan to evacuate their families over a
growing concern of war.
(SSFC, 6/2/02, p.A12)
2002 Jun 3, India and Pakistan
exchanged fire in Kashmir and at least 8 civilians were killed and
(SFC, 6/4/02, p.A8)
2002 Jun 5, India PM Vajpayee
said his country would consider jointly monitoring the disputed
Kashmir border with Pakistan. Pakistan rejected India’s proposal for
joint patrols in Kashmir.
(SFC, 6/5/02, p.A1)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A8)
2002 Jun 7, Pakistan reported
that it had shot down an unmanned Indian spy plane.
(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A10)
2002 Jun 10, India eased
tensions with Pakistan as it lifted a 5-month ban on Pakistani
aircraft flying over it and pulled back a naval flotilla from the
(SFC, 6/11/02, p.A10)
2002 Jun 14, In Kashmir India
and Pakistan continued cross border shelling. Pakistan reported
Indian shelling killed 6 civilians, including 3 children.
(SFC, 6/15/02, p.A8)
2002 Jun 16, In Indian
Kashmir suspected Islamic militants hurled grenades and opened fire
on police, sleeping villagers and Hindu pilgrims, killing 12 people
over the last 24 hours. 21 people, including five Hindu villagers,
were killed in several incidents of separatist violence.
(AP, 6/16/02)(Reuters, 6/16/02)(SFC, 6/17/02,
2002 Jun 21, In Kashmir 13
suspected Islamic militants were killed in the Indian-controlled
section. Rebels killed Ghulam Rasool, a member of the governing
national Conference Party. In the Pakistan-controlled section a
sniper opened fire on a truck carrying 22 people and 10 were killed
when it plunged into a ravine.
(SFC, 6/22/02, p.A6)
2002 Jun 23, A wild elephant
killed 10 people on the India-Nepal border.
(SFC, 6/25/02, p.A8)
2002 Jun 27, In India’s
Jammu-Kashmir 9 people, including three soldiers, were killed and 22
wounded in separate incidents of violence.
(Reuters, 6/27/02)(SFC, 6/28/02, p.A14)
2002 Jun 29, In India PM
Vajpayee named Lal Krishna Advani, a Hindu hardliner, as his deputy.
(WSJ, 7/1/02, p.A1)
2002 Jul 6, In Indian-ruled
Kashmir 2 soldiers and two separatist rebels were killed in
2002 Jul 12, In India's Kashmir
region at least 10 people were killed and 15 wounded, some
critically, in a shootout. Shops and businesses downed shutters in
Srinagar, the summer capital of India's disputed state of Jammu and
Kashmir, in response to a strike call by separatists to honor
(Reuters, 7/13/02)(SFC, 7/13/02, p.A14)
2002 Jul 13, It was reported
that Dr. P.V. Rajiv in southern India saved three sick newborn
babies using a cloned version of the anti-impotence drug Viagra. "We
saved the babies by giving sildenafil citrate, also called Viagra,"
he said. Dr. Rajiv first gave the drug orally to a baby suffering
pulmonary hypertension, after consulting international journals
which reported its use to treat adults in a similar condition. Blue
babies have a condition that contracts vessels carrying oxygen-rich
blood to the lungs.
2002 Jul 13, Outside Jammu,
Kashmir, a grenade and gun attack on a Hindu slum that left 27
people dead, dozens wounded and rekindled fears of war with nuclear
(Reuters, 7/14/02)(SSFC, 7/14/02, p.A12)
2002 Jul 16, In
India-controlled Kashmir a grenade wounded at least 13 people in
(SFC, 7/17/02, p.A7)
2002 Jul 18, In India
legislators elected Abdul Kalam, father of their nuclear missile
program, as the country’s 12th president.
(WSJ, 7/19/02, p.A9)
2002 Jul 18, In India
separatist guerrillas ambushed a police convoy in Dijungmukh, Assam
state, and 7 police officers were killed.
(SFC, 7/19/02, p.A16)
2002 Jul 22, In Indian Kashmir
4 suspected separatist rebels were killed in a shootout with troops
while a policeman and a civilian were wounded in separate blasts.
2002 Jul 25, Torrential monsoon
rains and overflowing rivers worsened flooding in eastern India,
Nepal and Bangladesh and officials said 218 people have died and
more than six million people have been left homeless during the last
2002 Jul 26, Indian Vice
President Krishan Kant, 75, died of a heart attack.
2002 Jul 28, Torrential
overnight rains set off more floods in eastern India as the death
toll from floods in India, Nepal and Bangladesh passed 300.
2002 Jul, Calcutta banned
rickshaw pullers from all major thoroughfares.
(SSFC, 9/29/02, p.F1)
2002 Aug 4, India's federal
government planned to distribute 7.142 billion rupees ($147 million)
to 12 states to tackle problems arising out of a failed monsoon.
Much of India was facing the worst drought in a decade due to
erratic monsoon rains. An outbreak of encephalitis in India's remote
northeastern state of Assam rose to 100 on Sunday, as heavy monsoon
rains wreaked havoc in large parts of the region.
2002 Aug 6, In Kashmir
suspected Islamic militant lobbed a grenade and opened fire on a
group of Hindu pilgrims 175 miles north of Jammu.
(SFC, 8/6/02, p.A7)
2002 Aug 6, In eastern India 20
people were feared drowned when a boat overturned in Bihar state.
(SFC, 8/7/02, p.A12)
2002 Aug 11, In northern India
monsoon rains killed at least 43 people in Uttaranchal state.
(SFC, 8/12/02, p.A8)
2002 Aug 12 It was reported
that a 2-mile thick cloud of pollution covered South Asia and that
it was suspected for causing drought, flooding and the premature
deaths of a half-million people in India each year.
(SFC, 8/12/02, p.A7)
2002 Aug 13, In India
separatist guerrillas ambushed a truck in Meghalaya state and killed
at least 15 people.
(SFC, 8/13/02, p.A13)
2002 Aug 13, Deaths from
flooding in Bangladesh (157), India (265) and Nepal (422) and
reached at least 874.
(SFC, 8/13/02, p.A15)
2002 Aug 20, Indian troops
killed 14 Muslim rebels trying to sneak into Kashmir from Pakistan.
(WSJ, 8/21/02, p.A1)
2002 Aug 23, Pakistan accused
India of launching a heavy ground an air attack on northern Kashmir.
(SFC, 8/24/02, p.A8)
2002 Aug 24, Suspected rebels
shot dead eight Muslim villagers, including three women, in Indian
Kashmir as a U.S. envoy took his peace mission to Islamabad to try
to cool tensions on the subcontinent.
2002 Aug 28, Police in India
reported that 14 people, including 10 Muslim militants, were killed
in clashes between Indian security forces and separatist rebels in
India's Jammu and Kashmir state.
2002 Aug 29, Indian soldiers
killed 5 guerrillas after they crossed into the India-controlled
portion of Kashmir.
(SFC, 8/30/02, p.A19)
2002 Sep 6, In India the film
"Ek Chhoti Si Love Story" (A Short Love Story) was released across
India despite a court order and attacks on some theatres, has kicked
up a controversy over its explicit sexual content.
2002 Sep 6, In Indian Kashmir
suspected Muslim rebels shot dead Sheikh Abdul Rehman, a politician
contesting state elections, in the first killing of a candidate
since the campaign began.
2002 Sep 9, The Rajdhani
Express train derailed in Bihar state and fell into a river, killing
at least 118 people. An Indian railway official said that it was an
act of sabotage.
(AP, 9/10/02)(WSJ, 9/10/02, p.A1)(Reuters,
2002 Sep 11, In
Indian-controlled Kashmir Islamic militants killed Mushtaq Ahmad
Lone (44), a state law minister and legislative candidate. 15 others
were killed in 2 other attacks.
(SFC, 9/12/02, p.A5)
2002 Sep 16, Indian-ruled
Kashmir ended the first stage of state assembly elections against a
backdrop of violence and in the shadow of a tense confrontation
between nuclear powers India and Pakistan. Indian troops killed 9
suspected Islamic rebels in a border sweep hours before the
elections. A 44% turnout was reported.
(Reuters, 9/16/02)(WSJ, 9/16/02, p.A1)(SFC,
2002 Sep 18, In Srinagar,
Kashmir, 2 ruling party workers were gunned down and a ruling
lawmaker was attacked ahead of the second round of voting in a state
election dogged by anti-poll violence that left 13 people dead.
(Reuters, 9/18/02)(SFC, 9/19/02, p.A10)
2002 Sep 18, Abu Salem, alleged
terrorist mastermind, Mafia boss and one of India's most wanted men,
was arrested in Portugal. Salem is accused by Indian police of being
involved in the country's worst bombing attack, which killed 257
people in Bombay in 1993, as well as a string of murder and
2002 Sep 20, In India one man
was killed and 5 others injured when police opened fire to disperse
groups of Hindus and Muslims fighting in western Gujarat state.
2002 Sep 24, In India commandos
stormed the Swaminarayan Hindu temple in Gandhinagar to try to flush
out gunmen who killed 32 Hindus and wounded over 70. Two attackers
were killed the next day after a 14-hour siege.
(Reuters, 9/24/02)(SFC, 9/25/02, p.A11)(WSJ,
2002 Sep 25, Indian forces
killed five suspected Islamic militants trying to cross into Indian
Kashmir from Pakistan as new tensions were stoked between the
nuclear rivals over an attack on an Indian temple.
2002 Sep 28, In India at least
14 people died when they thousands stampeded to board a train
following a political rally in Lucknow.
(SSFC, 9/29/02, p.A24)
2002 Sep 30, The National
Intelligence Council said China, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria and Russia
will have 50-75 million HIV-infected people by 2010, more than any
other 5 countries.
(SFC, 10/1/02, p.A5)
2002 Oct 1, Two Indian naval
reconnaissance planes taking part in a ceremonial flypast collided
in mid-air over the western state of Goa, killing 15 people.
(Reuters, 10/1/02)(SFC, 10/2/02, p.A10)
2002 Oct 3, India said it had
killed eight Islamic militants trying to enter Indian Kashmir from
Pakistani territory as the state battles a surge in rebel violence
just days before the end of a disputed election.
2002 Oct 12, In western India 4
people were killed as Hindus and Muslims clashed in the town of
Solapur in continuing violence triggered after U.S. preacher Jerry
Falwell called the Prophet Mohammad a terrorist.
2002 Oct 18, India assumed
direct control over Kashmir after elections failed to produce a
(WSJ, 10/18/02, p.A1)
2002 Oct 18, Pakistan matched
India’s pledge to demobilize along the border.
(WSJ, 10/18/02, p.A1)
2002 Oct 27, In India
separatist guerrillas in Assam state killed 22 villagers. Members of
the National Democratic Front of Bodoland operated out of bases in
Bhutan. The 10-year insurgency has left over 10,000 dead.
(SFC, 10/28/02, p.A7)
2002 Nov 3, In India police
killed 2 members of Lashkar-i-Taiba during a gunbattle at a New
Delhi shopping center.
(SFC, 11/4/02, p.A7)
2002 Nov 11, Bill Gates of
Microsoft pledged $100 million to fight AIDS in India.
(SFC, 11/12/02, p.A11)
2002 Nov 18, In India a rebel
land mine killed at least 20 people in a bus in Andhra Pradesh
state. The leftist People’s War Group was blamed.
(SFC, 11/19/02, p.A10)
2002 Nov 25, Indian security
forces shot dead two suspected Muslim militants who had attacked
Hindu temples in Indian Kashmir, ending a bloody siege that cast a
shadow over efforts to bring peace to the disputed region.
2002 Nov 25, An overloaded bus
crashed off a bridge into a boulder-strewn gorge in central India,
killing at least 36 people and injuring 45.
2002 Nov 30, In Uttar Pradesh,
India, a mystery epidemic was reported to have killed 44 at least
Indian children in just over a month.
2002 Dec 8, In Karnataka,
India, Hannur Nagappa, a former state minister, was found dead. He
had been kidnapped Aug 25 by the bandit Koose Muniswamy Veerappan.
(SFC, 12/9/02, p.A7)
2002 Dec 15, India's ruling
Hindu nationalists swept to victory in an election in the western
state of Gujarat. The BJP won 125 of 182 seats.
(Reuters, 12/15/02)(SFC, 12/16/02, p.A14)
2002 Dec 19, Suspected
militants killed three young women (21-22) in their homes just days
after posters appeared in India's Jammu and Kashmir state ordering
women to wear a veil.
2002 Dec 19, In India Maoist
rebels killed 18 policemen in an ambush in a dense forest in the
eastern state of Jharkhand.
2002 Dec 21, In southern India
an express train jumped the tracks, killing at least 18 people and
2002 Dec 24, In India's mainly
Muslim state of Kashmir 4 civilians and 9 separatist guerrillas were
killed in the latest rebel violence.
2002 Ashutosh Varshney, Univ.
of Michigan political scientist, authored "Ethnic Conflict and Civil
Life: Hindus and Muslims in India."
(LSA, Fall/03, p.30)
2002 In India the Hindu Yuva
Vahini, or the Hindu Youth Brigade, was set up by Hindu priest Yogi
Adityanath to end marriages between Muslim men and Hindu women. In
2017 PM Narendra Modi named Adityanath to be chief minister of Uttar
2002 In India brothers Anil and
Mukesh Ambani took the reins of Reliance Industries Limited (RIL),
founded by their father Dhirubhai Ambani.
(Econ, 3/11/17, p.66)
2002 In India the Mahindra
& Mahindra auto maker introduced its Scorpio SUV. By 2005 it was
a huge hit.
(Econ, 11/2/13, p.67)
2002 In India some 2,000
Muslims were murdered this year in western Gujarat state in a pogrom
carried out with the collusion of police and senior members of the
ruling Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
(Econ, 7/31/10, p.30)
2002 Geeta, a deaf-mute Indian
girl, wandered into Pakistan and became stranded there for the next
13 years. During her time there, she was cared for by the Edhi
Foundation, a Pakistani charity. In 2015 she was returned to India
after identifying photographs of a family based in the northern
Indian state of Bihar as being hers.
2002 Commercial surrogacy came
to India and went transnational within a year.
(Econ, 9/3/16, p.36)
2003 Jan 5, In Bhutan Indian
separatists said 50 Indian soldiers attacked their camps. 15
soldiers and 7 rebels were reported killed.
(SFC, 1/8/03, p.A16)
2003 Jan 9, India’s PM Vajpayee
announced the introduction of legislation for dual citizenship for
people of Indian origin in "certain countries."
(SSFC, 1/12/03, p.A4)
2003 Jan 15, The death toll
from a month-long cold spell rose to 1170 people in northern India,
Nepal and Bangladesh.
2003 Jan 27, India and Pakistan
resumed shelling along the Kashmir border, and New Delhi warned
Pakistan it would be "erased from the world map" if Islamabad used
nuclear weapons against India.
2003 Jan 28, In eastern India a
passenger bus caught fire after colliding with a truck carrying
paint in dense fog, killing at least 42 people and injuring 13
2003 Feb 15, In India 7
men from Hindu upper castes were killed at a roadside restaurant the
crime-prone Bihar state. The upper-caste men were apparently killed
to avenge the killings 2 days earlier of 7 lower-caste Dalits.
2003 Feb 18, In India a
bus carrying a wedding party fell into a gorge, killing 23 people
and injuring 31 others in the mountainous northern state of
2003 Feb 26, In India a
gun battle, kidnappings, ballot theft and destruction of voting
machines marked polling in two of the four Indian states where new
legislatures were elected.
2003 Mar 8, In India
separatist rebels in northeastern Assam state shot and killed three
laborers, ignited a huge fire by launching mortars at an oil
refinery and used explosives to damage a pipeline.
2003 Mar 9, In southern
India a van driver lost control of his vehicle and crashed into a
bus, killing 17 people and injuring 13 others.
2003 Mar 26, India test-fired a
short-range missile capable of carrying a nuclear weapon, and
Pakistan immediately announced it had tested a similar missile.
2003 Mar 26, In India gunmen
fatally shot a senior Hindu nationalist in western Gujarat state.
2003 Mar 28, In Jammu-Kashmir
suspected Islamic militants attacked and mutilated 5 Kashmiri Muslim
villagers, accusing them of being police informants.
2003 Apr 1, In India members of
the Hmar Peoples Convention attacked a cluster of villages in
southern Assam state's Cachar district, burning huts and took 28
villagers as hostages. 22 farmers were later found shot dead.
2003 Apr 6, Indian troops
killed Fayaz Ahmad Khan, a top commander of Harkat-ul Mujahedeen, a
Kashmiri guerrilla group that is suspected in the 1995 abduction of
six Western tourists and a 1999 airliner hijacking.
2003 Apr 14, In eastern India
Communist guerrillas staged two separate attacks on police, killing
2003 Apr 17, India reported it
1st case of SARS.
(WSJ, 4/18/03, p.A1)
2003 Apr 19, India's prime
minister acknowledged the government had manipulated elections in
Indian-controlled Kashmir and promised residents it would not be
2003 Apr 29, Indian troops
raided a base of suspected Islamic militants in Kashmir, sparking a
firefight that lasted more than five hours and resulted in 17
2003 May 2, India and Pakistan
agreed to hold talks and restore diplomatic and air links.
(AP, 5/2/03)(WSJ, 5/5/03, p.A1)
2003 May 5, Pakistan will get
rid of its nuclear arsenal if rival India does as well, a Pakistani
Foreign Ministry spokesman said.
2003 May 6, In northeastern
India suspected separatist guerrillas killed 19 Bengali settlers in
2003 May 7, In northeastern
India assailants killed 10 sleeping villagers and wounded six others
in the second attack blamed on separatist guerrillas in two days.
2003 May 10, In northern India
a fire raged through a garment factory, killing at least 12 people
and injuring 70 others.
2003 May 15, In northern India
a fire engulfed the rear three coaches of a moving express train,
killing at least 39 passengers and injuring 20 others.
2003 May 23, In India officials
reported that a heat wave in southern Indian has killed at least 198
people in the past eight days.
2003 May 27, In southern India
officials reported that a deadly heat wave has killed at least 430
people in the past two weeks.
2003 May 27, In India strong
winds and pounding rain toppled a Ferris wheel at a temple festival
in Tamil Nadu state, killing 12 people and injuring more than 20
2003 Jun 1, India officials
reported that a heat wave in southern Indian has killed at least
1000 people in the past 3 weeks.
2003 Jun 6, Monsoon rains
arrived in India's northeast, bringing hope for relief from a
grueling heat wave that has killed nearly 1,400 people nationwide in
the past 3 weeks.
2003 Jun 16, In southern India
a coal mine collapsed with at least 17 miners feared killed.
2003 Jun 22, In western India a
passenger train hit boulders spilled on the track by a landslide,
causing four cars to derail and killing 51 people.
(AP, 6/23/03)(AP, 6/24/03)
2003 Jun 23, India's PM Atal
Bihari Vajpayee, making the first visit to China by a leader of his
nation in a decade, told his Premier Wen Jiabao that he hoped for
friendship and trust between the nuclear-armed former rivals.
2003 Jun 27, In India thousands
of fish in the Gomati River died when monsoon rains sent a huge
overflow of untreated sewage into the water, causing a drastic drop
in oxygen levels. The fish were already ailing from the persistent
flow of untreated sewage. A cleanup was important because Lucknow's
2 million people depend on the river for drinking water.
2003 Jun 30, Pakistan's new
ambassador to India arrived to take up his post, saying his country
was ready to restore normal ties with its nuclear rival after a gap
of 18 months.
2003 Jul 2, In southern India a
train engine and two coaches fell off a bridge and landed on a fish
market and parked taxis, killing at least 18.
2003 Jul 11, India and Pakistan
resumed bus service, a transportation link that was disrupted 18
months earlier due to threats of war.
2003 Jul 15, In India health
officials reported that mosquito-borne encephalitis had killed at
least 110 children in Andhra Pradesh over the last 6 weeks.
(WSJ, 7/16/03, p.A1)
2003 Jul 16, In northern India
more than 100 people were feared dead in flash floods caused by a
heavy rain in a remote hill area of Himachal Pradesh state.
2003 Jul 21, Monsoon rains were
reported to have killed at least 579 people in South Asia. India
reported a total of 263 deaths, Bangladesh 169, Pakistan 78, and
2003 Jul 30, In India Lal
Bihari, president of the Association of the Living Dead, estimated
35,000 people in Uttar Pradesh state have been wrongly certified as
dead. "We have knocked on doors of government officials and police.
No one is ready to recognize us as living persons because revenue
records declare us dead."
2003 Aug 3, In western India 3
buildings collapsed when a cooking gas cylinder exploded, killing at
least 43 people and injuring 39.
2003 Aug 8, In India workers
camped out at a mountain tunnel were hit by a fierce overnight
thunderstorm near a Himalayan resort in Himachal Pradesh state,
leaving at least 26 dead.
2003 Aug 10, India's prime
minister called for an end to bloodshed between Pakistan and India
in a statement read before a peace conference in Islamabad.
2003 Aug 11, A helicopter
chartered by one of India's largest oil companies crashed into the
Arabian Sea near Bombay with 29 people on board. Two people were
2003 Aug 14, In northeast India
suspected separatist rebels blew up a bus on the main highway,
killing six passengers.
2003 Aug 25, In India
consecutive bombs exploded in a crowded jewelry market and a
historical landmark in Bombay, killed 53 people, wounding 150
others. The Student’s Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) was believed
responsible. Ashrat Shafiq Mohammed Ansari, Syed Mohammed Haneef
Abdul Rahim and his wife Fahmeeda Syed Mohammed Haneef were arrested
under India's tough anti-terrorism law shortly after the attacks.
All 3 were convicted and sentenced to death in 2009 after Judge M.R.
Puranic said they were members of Lashkar-e-Taiba, a banned,
Pakistan-based militant group formed in the 1980s.
(WSJ, 8/27/03, p.A1)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.39)(AP,
8/25/08)(AP, 7/27/09)(AP, 8/6/09)
2003 Aug 27, In Nasik, India,
thousands of Hindu pilgrims jostling to reach a river for a
religious festival toppled a bamboo fence, sparking a stampede that
killed at least 39 people, mostly women. At least 125 people were
2003 Aug 30, In India 2
suspected Islamic militants were killed in a battle with New Delhi
police. Indian police claimed to have killed Ghazi Baba, the head of
the Jaish-e-Mohammed militant group, during a fierce gun battle in
Srinagar. Baba was said to be the mastermind behind several terror
attacks including the December 2001 attack on India's Parliament.
2003 Aug 30, In northern India
a bus carrying 40 passengers plunged into a river in a remote hilly
area. There was no immediate word on casualties.
2003 Aug, Researchers from
India’s nongovernment Center for Science and Environment said Coke
and Pepsi products contain high levels of pesticide residue. A high
court in Kerala, India, soon ordered Coca Cola to shut down a $25
million plant due to local complaints of excess water use. Villagers
also complained that waste from the plant had contaminated drinking
water. Activists left alone a nearby Indian brewery.
(SSFC, 3/6/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 9/12/06, p.A6)
2003 Sep 2, In eastern India an
overcrowded boat capsized in the swollen Kosi River of Bihar state,
and at least 25 people were missing and feared drowned.
2003 Sep 6, In
Indian-controlled Kashmir a bomb targeting an army convoy exploded
in the main wholesale market for fruit, killing six people,
including an army officer, and wounding 25.
2003 Sep 8, Ariel Sharon flew
to New Delhi for the first-ever visit to India by an Israeli prime
minister, hoping to cement blossoming defense and trade ties.
2003 Sep 8, In eastern India
suspected communist rebels detonated a land mine under a passing
police vehicle, killing 12 officers.
2003 Sep 12, In Bombay
(Mumbai), India, police shot and killed a man believed to have
masterminded car bombings in Bombay last month that killed 53
people. Naseer and his aide were traveling in a car that carried
explosives, guns and detonators when police intercepted it.
2003 Sep 15, In India
rain-swollen rivers began receding in the state of Uttar Pradesh but
the death toll there from monsoon rains rose to 190 after 34 more
people were reported killed.
2003 Sep 20, The Indian army
said it killed six suspected separatist guerrillas from a
Pakistan-based group after a fierce battle in Indian-controlled
2003 Sep 24, India rejected
Pakistan's invitation to negotiate a settlement concerning the
disputed province of Kashmir.
2003 Sep 29, India's army said
that it killed 15 Islamic militants as they tried overnight to sneak
into Indian-controlled Kashmir from Pakistan-controlled territory.
2003 Sep, Bangladesh and India
launched a direct bus route from Dhaka to Agartala, the capital of
the Indian state of Tripura.
(Econ, 10/4/03, p.40)
2003 Oct 7, In southern India
an overloaded ferry carrying 50 people capsized in the storm-tossed
Krishna River, killing at least 18 passengers.
2003 Oct 8, China was reported
to have taken the first step toward recognizing the Himalayan
territory of Sikkim as a part of India, resolving a long-standing
border dispute. Sikkim, located between Nepal and the kingdom of
Bhutan, was an independent principality before it was annexed by
India in 1975.
2003 Oct 13, The Bill and
Melinda Gates Foundation said it was doubling to $200 million the
prevention funds for HIV and AIDS in India.
2003 Oct 17, A new family of
frogs was reported from the western India. The purple, burrowing
frog family, named Nasikabatrachus sahydrensis, appeared to date
back some 200 million years.
(SFC, 10/17/03, p.A10)
2003 Oct 18, India commandos
raided a Srinagar, Kashmir, shopping center where suspected Islamic
guerrillas were holed up, killing both men and ending a one-day
2003 Nov 1, In western India a
tourist bus skidded off a mountain road near Mahabaleshwar and fell
into a gorge, killing 22 people and injuring 30 others.
2003 Nov 6, In India workers
burned down a house and killed 21 people from a rival trade union in
a battle over jobs at an Indian tea farm.
2003 Nov 14, China and India
began 1st ever joint naval exercises.
(SFC, 11/13/03, p.A7)
2003 Nov 22, In India suspected
separatist rebels on bicycles shot and killed 11 workers in
northeastern Assam state, which has been plagued by clashes between
people native to the region and those from the neighboring area of
Bihar. The dispute has been chiefly about access to government
2003 Nov 25, The Indian and
Pakistani armies agreed to stop firing across their frontier,
including in disputed Kashmir, starting at midnight in a further
easing of tensions between the nuclear-armed neighbors.
2003 Nov 25, In southern India
an explosion at a state-run factory that makes detonators killed at
least 10 workers.
2003 Nov 27, Indian security
forces battled rebels in villages along the border in Kashmir and
suspected insurgents detonated a grenade in a busy market. The
violence left 12 people dead.
2003 Dec 1, India and Pakistan
agreed to restore airline overflight and landing rights by Jan. 1,
2003 Dec 2, In northern India a
bus skidded off a steep mountain road and fell into a river, killing
at least 27 passengers and injuring 30 others.
2003 Dec 4, In India election
results showed the ruling Hindu nationalist party wrested control
from the opposition in three of four state legislatures.
2003 Dec 7, In Indian-held
Kashmir an overcrowded bus skidded off a steep mountain road and
plunged 1,500 feet into a gorge, killing 23 passengers and injuring
2003 Dec 7, In southern India
Hindu-Muslim clashes broke out overnight in Hyderabad, killing at
least five and injuring 27.
2003 Dec 16, A cyclone tore
into India's southeastern coast, killing 11 people.
2003 Dec 30, At least 34 Indian
soldiers were wounded in Kashmir when militants detonated a bomb in
a shop as the bus carrying the troops passed by.
2003 Indian novelist Ashok
Banker began his 8-volume Ramayana series with “Prince of Ayodya."
(Econ, 11/26/16, p.78)
2003 Madhusree Mukerjee, Indian
author, authored "The Land of the Naked People: Encounters With
Stone Age Islanders," a travel narrative of the Andaman Islands.
(SSFC, 8/17/03, p.M3)
2003 Vikas Swarup, Indian
diplomat, authored his novel “Q&A" while in London. The novel
was turned into the successful film “Slumdog Millionaire" (2008).
(Econ, 1/31/09, p.90)
2003 Arun Shourie, India’s
minister of disinvestment, was also appointed as minister for
(WSJ, 1/9/04, p.A1)
2003 India changed its verbiage
on Tibet to say that the Tibet Autonomous Region is part of China as
opposed to the previous description of Tibet as an autonomous region
(Econ, 11/18/06, p.16)
2003 In India’s northeast Assam
state the Bodoland Territorial Autonomous District was declared.
(Econ, 1/14/06, p.48)
2003 India concluded a $1
billion purchase of Israel's Phalcon airborne radar system. Over the
last 18 months the US facilitated the sale of $200 million in
defense equipment to India.
(WSJ, 10/22/03, p.A16)
2003 Captain G.R. Gopinath
launched Air Deccan, India’s 1st low-cost airline.
(Econ, 3/10/07, p.59)
2003 Shopping malls in India
increased from 3 to over 400 over the last 8 years.
(WSJ, 12/16/03, p.A15)
2003 In India over 17,000
farmers committed suicide this year. Their deaths were most often
ascribed to debt, drought and ready availability of pesticides to
serve as poison. The National Crime Records Bureau later showed that
between 2002 and 2007 at least 87,567 farmers committed suicide.
(Econ, 6/23/07, p.66)(SFC, 3/22/08, p.A5)
2003-2007 In New Delhi, India, over 300 people
were killed in accidents involving independently operated Blueline
(SFC, 12/7/07, p.A25)