Iraq A Return to home2000 Jan 9,
Iraqi TV reported that US and British air strikes in southern Iraq
wounded 3 people.
(SFC, 1/10/00, p.A11)
2000 Jan 26, The UN appointed
Hans Blix of Sweden to be the new weapons inspector for Iraq.
(SFC, 1/27/00, p.A12)
2000 Jan 27, The execution of
26 political prisoners at the Abu Gharib prison reportedly took
place. Another 13 political detainees were later reported to have
died there in the last 2 months from torture neglect and
(SFC, 2/19/00, p.C1)
2000 Feb 13, In Iraq top UN
official Hans von Sponeck quit in protest that sanctions were
undermining humanitarian efforts.
(SFC, 2/17/00, p.D16)
2000 Feb 15, In Iraq a 2nd UN
official, Jutta Burghardt, quit in protest that sanctions were
undermining humanitarian efforts.
(WSJ, 2/16/00, p.A1)(SFC, 2/17/00, p.D16)
2000 Feb 28, It was reported
that Iraq and Syria had established diplomatic ties that were
cut in Aug 1980 when Damascus sided with Iran just before the
(SFC, 2/28/00, p.C2)
2000 Mar 15, In Iraq US and
British warplanes hit southern targets and Iraq reported that one
civilian was killed and 6 injured.
(SFC, 3/16/00, p.A15)
2000 Mar 21, In Iraq a mortar
attack on a Baghdad apartment building killed 4 people and injured
38. Persian agents were blamed.
(SFC, 3/23/00, p.D2)
2000 Mar 24, The US agreed to
double the amount of money Iraq was allowed to spend to repair its
oil industry and lifted holds on over $100 million in equipment.
(SFC, 3/25/00, p.A10)
2000 Mar 31, The UN Security
Council decided to let Iraq spend more money to repair its oil
industry, an investment intended to boost the amount of food and
medicine Baghdad could buy through the UN humanitarian program.
(SFC, 4/1/00, p.A12)(AP, 3/31/01)
2000 Mar 28, Odai Hussein (35),
the eldest son of Saddam Hussein, won a victory in parliamentary
(SFC, 3/29/00, p.A16)
2000 Apr 4, In Iraq US and
British warplanes bombed military sites in the south and Iraqi news
reported 2 civilians killed and 2 wounded.
(SFC, 4/5/00, p.A11)
2000 Apr 6, In Iraq US and
British warplanes bombed military sites in the south and Iraqi
military reported 14 civilians killed and 19 wounded.
(SFC, 4/7/00, p.D2)
2000 May 17, In Iraq a
US-British air attack killed Omran Harbi Jawair (13), a shepherd
boy, near Toq al-Ghazalat. 4 other shepherds were injured. Some 300
Iraqis were killed and 800 wounded over the last 18 months from US
and British bombing.
(SFC, 6/23/00, p.A18)
2000 Jun 8, The UN voted
(Resolution 1302) to extend Iraq’s oil for food program. Over the
next 2 years the extensions were repeated every 180 days.
(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)
2000 Jun 28, In Iraq 2 UN
staffers were shot and killed in a UN building in Baghdad. Fowad
Hussein Haydar (38) was arrested in the attack which he staged to
protest int’l. sanctions.
(SFC, 6/29/00, p.A10)
2000 Jun 29, Iraq said US and
British warplanes bombed North Rumeila and killed a woman shepherd
and injured her husband.
(SFC, 6/30/00, p.A18)
2000 Jul 26, The US Navy
reported that an F-14 Tomcat jet crashed in Saudi Arabia during a
training flight. Iraqi air defense later reported that Iraqi units
had shot down a US Air Force F-14 over southern Iraq in mid July and
that the Navy report was a coverup.
(SFEC, 8/20/00, p.B16)
2000 Jul, Iraq’s 1st Internet
café opened with surfing censored.
(NW, 9/23/02, p.39)
2000 Aug 10, In Baghdad Pres.
Chavez of Venezuela held talks with Pres. Saddam Hussein in support
of upcoming oil talks in Caracas.
(SFC, 8/11/00, p.A15)
2000 Aug 11, British and US
bombers struck southern Iraq and Iraqi military reported 2 people
killed and 19 injured.
(SFC, 8/14/00, p.A12)
2000 Aug 12, British and US
bombers struck southern Iraq for a 2nd day and Iraqi military
reported 3 people injured.
(SFC, 8/14/00, p.A12)
2000 Aug 15, US warplanes
bombed air defense sites in northern Iraq.
(SFC, 8/16/00, p.A18)
2000 Aug 21, Iraq threatened to
retaliate against Turkey over airstrikes that left some 40 civilians
(WSJ, 8/22/00, p.A1)
2000 Aug 25, German
intelligence confirmed that it had discovered a secret Iraqi missile
factory near Baghdad. Some 250 technicians were reported working on
ARABIL-100 short-range missiles.
(SFC, 8/26/00, p.A9)
2000 Aug 28, Iraq charged that
311 of its citizens had been killed and 927 wounded by US and
British warplanes since the bombing campaign began in Dec 1998.
(WSJ, 8/28/00, p.A1)
2000 Aug, Iraq reopened its
(SFC, 9/23/00, p.A8)
2000 Sep 22, France allowed a
chartered aircraft with humanitarian personnel to fly to
(SFC, 9/23/00, p.A8)
2000 Sep 27, Jordan planned a
flight to Iraq regardless of clearance from the UN sanctions
(SFC, 9/27/00, p.A15)
2000 Oct 4, Tunisia flew a
plane carrying humanitarian aid and a soccer team to Iraq.
(SFC, 10/9/00, p.a10)
2000 Oct 9, Turkey became the
9th nation to send a token humanitarian flight to Iraq.
(SFC, 10/10/00, p.A13)
2000 Oct 14, A Saudi jetliner
was hijacked with over 100 people and landed in Baghdad. 2 hijackers
(SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A10)
2000 Oct, Pres. Hussein called
for volunteers for the "Jerusalem Army," a force to wrest control of
Jerusalem from Israel.
(SFC, 3/12/01, p.A12)
2000 Nov 2, A US and British
air strike in southern Iraq wounded 3 people.
(SFC, 11/3/00, p.A18)
2000 Nov 5, In Iraq passenger
flights resumed in the no-fly zones in a challenge to US and British
(SFC, 11/6/00, p.A12)
2000 Nov 8, Saudi Arabia opened
its border with Iraq and signed export contracts to nearly $600
million under exceptions to US sanctions.
(WSJ, 11/8/00, p.A1)
2000 Nov 14, In Iraq a bomb
killed 6 people in Irbil.
(SFC, 11/17/00, p.D6)
2000 Nov, Syria opened a
pipeline to Iraq’s oil that generated at least $2 per day for Saddam
(SFC, 1/23/01, p.A11)
2000 Dec 1, Iraq halted oil
production due to the UN’s refusal to authorize a new payment
arrangement for the oil-for-food program. Production was resumed
after 2 days.
(SFC, 12/4/00, p.A12)
2000 Dec 11, In Iraq Saddam
Hussein sent troops into the northern Kurdish zone. Kurds and other
non-Arab Iraqis were being displaced further north.
(WSJ, 12/12/00, p.A1)(SFC, 12/13/00, p.B6)
2000 Richard Butler, former
chief UN weapons inspector, authored "Saddam Defiant."
(SFC, 5/26/00, p.A14)
2000 Iraq began levying an
illegal surcharge of 50 cents a barrel on its oil-for-food sales in
order to create a revenue stream directly back to Baghdad
instead of the UN’s humanitarian fund.
(WSJ, 9/18/02, p.A1)
2000 The Czech Security
Information Service (BIS) learned that Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein
planned to use an anti-tank rocket to attack the US-funded Radio
Free Europe/Radio Liberty in Prague and warned Hussein that they
were aware of his plans.
2000 Ukraine’s Pres. Kuchma
authorized the sale of an advanced $100 million radar system to Iraq
in violation of UN sanctions. Evidence of the sale emerged in 2002.
(SFC, 4/16/02, p.A7)
2000 By this time Saddam
Hussein’s policy to drain the wetlands of Iraq reduced the area by
85%. Hundreds of thousands of native Madans had left leaving as few
as 20,000. After the fall of Hussein scientists reflooded the area
and by 2007 about 50% was restored. Madan residents rose to about
(WSJ, 3/21/07, p.B11)
2001 Jan 3, Iraq denied reports
that Pres. Saddam Hussein was hospitalized with a stroke following a
parade Dec 31.
(SFC, 1/4/01, p.A12)
2001 Jan 4, It was reported
that Saddam Hussein had sent moral support and distributed some 270
checks for $10,000 each to the families of Palestinians killed in
clashes with Israelis since Nov.
(SFC, 1/5/01, p.A17)
2001 Jan 7, Iraqi Kurdish
officials reported that at least 500 Turkish troops had pushed 100
miles into northern Iraq in response to a call for help from the
PUK. The PUK was fighting the PKK and had lost 200 soldiers in
recent weeks. Some 10,000 Turkish troops had entered northern Iraq
since Dec 20.
(SFC, 1/8/01, p.A9)
2001 Jan 20, The Iraqi
government said US and British warplanes killed 6 citizens in air
attacks over southern Al-Muthana province.
(SSFC, 1/21/01, p.D4)
2001 Feb 16, Two dozen US and
British aircraft bombed 5 radar and other anti-aircraft sites around
Baghdad with guided missiles. A number of new guided bombs, AGM-154A
priced from $250-700k, missed their targets.
(SFC, 2/17/01, p.A1)
2001 Feb 18, The Iraqi press
referred to Pres. Bush as "son of the snake" and "the new dwarf"
following the Feb. 16 bombing attacks.
(SFC, 2/19/01, p.A9)
2001 Apr 18, Iran launched 56
Scud missiles against an Iraq-based opposition group. At least 3
People’s Mujahideen camps were hit.
(WSJ, 4/19/01, p.A1)
2001 Apr 22, Ahmed Khalil
Ibrahim Samir al-Ani, an Iraqi diplomat, was expelled from the Czech
Republic. He was later reported to have met with Mohamed Atta and
planned an attack on Radio Free Europe. Five others were
expelled in March 2003.
(SFC, 11/10/01, p.A5)(AP, 11/30/09)
2001 Jun 1, The Bush
administration removed curbs on the sale of $800 million in goods to
Iraq. A UN oil-for-food exchange was extended for 1 month rather
than the normal 6 months. Iraq responded by saying it wouldn’t
resume oil exports.
(SFC, 6/2/01, p.A9)(WSJ, 6/4/01, p.A1)
2001 Jun 19, Iraq claimed that
23 civilians were killed when Western planes bombed a soccer field
during a match in the northern town of Tall Afar. US and Britain
denied responsibility and blamed a malfunctioning Iraqi
(WSJ, 6/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/21/01, p.A12)
2001 Jun 25, In southern Iraq a
US Navy fighter jet attacked an anti-aircraft site in response to
(SFC, 6/26/01, p.C2)
2001 Jul 3, Muhammad
al-Humaimidi, a high-ranking Iraqi diplomat, asked for asylum in
(SFC, 7/4/01, p.A10)
2001 Jul 5, Iraq accepted a
5-month UN extension for the oil-for-food program.
(SFC, 7/6/01, p.D6)
2001 Aug 10, About 20 US and
British jets bombed air-defense installation south of Baghdad in
retaliation for increased anti-aircraft activity. Iraqis claimed 1
civilian was killed and 11 wounded.
(SFC, 8/11/01, p.A8)
2001 Aug 14, US warplanes
attacked an Iraqi air defense system modernized with fiber optics by
(WSJ, 8/15/01, p.A1)
2001 Aug 27, An unmanned US
reconnaissance aircraft, Predator, was reported shot down over
southern Iraq near Basra. In northern Iraq US planes attacked a
missile and Iraq claimed 1 civilian was killed.
(SFC, 8/28/01, p.A7)(WSJ, 8/28/01, p.A1)
2001 Aug 30, US warplanes
bombed an Iraqi radar site near Basra’s airport.
(WSJ, 8/31/01, p.A1)
2001 Sep 10, Iraq said it shot
down a 2nd US spy plane. The US reported an unmanned plane missing.
(SFC, 9/12/01, p.C3)
2001 Sep 27, US and British
warplanes struck 2 artillery sites in Iraq’s southern no-fly zone.
(SFC, 9/28/01, p.D6)
2001 Oct 10, An unmanned US spy
plane was lost over southern Iraq, the 3rd since Aug 27.
(WSJ, 10/11/01, p.A1)
2001 Oct 24, A Greek captain
provided the UN Security Council with a letter that admitted the
illegal export of 500,000 barrels of Iraqi crude oil during 2 trips
in May and August.
(SFC, 10/26/01, p.D4)
2001 Oct 25, Ismat Kittani,
Iraqi diplomat, died at age 71. He served in the UN under 5
secretaries-general and was president of the 36th UN General
Assembly from 1981-1982.
(SFC, 10/26/01, p.D7)
2001 Oct, Mohammad F. Abdul
Razak, the 1st secretary at the Iraqi Embassy in Romania, was asked
to leave for unsavory practices.
(WSJ, 12/20/01, p.A12)
2001 Nov 17, Two US sailors,
Benjamin Johnson and Vincent Parker, were missing after the oil
tanker Samra sank in the northern Persian Gulf. The ship was
suspected of smuggling Iraqi oil.
(SFC, 11/19/01, p.A14)(SSFC, 11/25/01, p.A20)
2001 Nov 29, The UN Security
Council extended for 6 months the sanctions program that let Iraq
sell some oil to buy civilian goods. The US and Russia agreed to
overhaul the program before the next vote.
(WSJ, 11/30/01, p.A1)
2001 Dec 20, It was reported
that Adnan Ihsan Saeed al-Haideri, a defector from Iraq, said he
worked on renovations of secret facilities for biological, chemical
and nuclear weapons in Iraq before fleeing a year ago.
(SFC, 12/20/01, p.A5)
2001 Dec, Oscar Wyatt (81),
chairman of Coastal Corp., agreed to a surcharge of about $200,000
to be paid to bank account in Jordan controlled by officials of
Iraq’s State Oil Marketing Organization. This was in violation of
the UN’s oil-for-food program. Wyatt was arrested in 2005 at his
home in Houston. In 2007 Wyatt was sentenced to over a year in jail
after admitting approval of the surcharge.
(SFC, 10/22/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/28/07, p.B10)
2001 Saddam Hussein authored
the novel "Zabibah and the King." It was released as a "novel by its
author." A rape scene was set on Jan 17, 1991, the bombing of
Baghdad during Operation Desert Storm.
(SSFC, 6/23/02, p.D2)
2001 Saddam Hussein built the
Hussein Al-Majid Mosque in Tikrit over the grave of his father.
(SFC, 1/10/04, p.A10)
2001 Ansar al-Islam, blamed for
attacks in Iraq and supported by a network of members in Europe, was
founded in late 2001 in Kurdish part of northern Iraq by Mullah
Krekar, who had lived as refugee in Norway since 1991.
2002 Jan 4, The WSJ quoted Ali
K. Shukri, retired Jordanian general: a strike on Iraq "is not a
question of whether it’s going to happen, but when—and it is
coming." Action in the Spring was suggested.
(WSJ, 1/4/02, p.A6)
2002 Jan 5, It was reported
that funds for the Iraqi National Congress (INC), the leading
opposition group to Saddam Hussein, were suspended due to accounting
(SFC, 1/5/02, p.15)
2002 Jan 27, Iran’s Pres.
Khatami met with Iraqi Foreign Minister Naji Sabri in Tehran as part
of an effort to restore ties.
(SFC, 2/1/02, p.A18)
2002 Jan 27, Iraq admitted an
int’l. nuclear-inspection team (IAEA) on a 4-day mission to a site
(WSJ, 1/28/02, p.A1)
2002 Jan 29, Pres. Bush made
his 1st State of the Union address and declared that the "war
against terror is only beginning." Bush singled out Iran, Iraq and
North Korea as an "axis of evil."
(SFC, 1/30/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/31/02, p.A1)
2002 Feb 12, Sec. of State
Colin Powell said the Bush administration was considering a variety
of options to topple Iraq’s Saddam Hussein.
(SFC, 2/12/02, p.A17)
2002 Mar 11, It was reported
that the US CIA and State Dept. was interviewing former Iraqi
generals for a possible overthrow of Saddam Hussein.
(SFC, 3/12/02, p.A12)
2002 Mar 13, Pres. Mubarek of
Egypt said he would press Iraq to readmit UN weapons inspectors and
had received indications of agreement.
(SFC, 3/14/02, p.A6)
2002 Mar 29, Iraq expressed
interest in resuming relations with Kuwait.
(SFC, 3/30/02, p.A11)
2002 Apr 4, It was reported
that Saddam Hussein of Iraq had raised financial payments to the
relatives of suicide bombers from $10k to $25k.
(SFC, 4/4/02, p.A10)
2002 Apr 4, Pres. Bush
responded to British TV journalist Trevor McDonald’s question "Have
you made up your mind that Iraq must be attacked?" by saying: "I
made up my mind that Hussein needs to go."
(SFC, 6/15/02, p.A13)
2002 Apr 7, Saddam Hussein
pledged to defeat the US if attacked and promised to continue
supplying Palestinians to defend against Israel.
(SFC, 4/8/02, p.A9)
2002 Apr 7, Pres. Bush ended
weekend talks with Britain’s PM Tony Blair in Texas. Blair said he
would back a US military action against Iraq.
(SFC, 4/8/02, p.A9)
2002 May 2, A report on Iraq’s
oil sales showed that illegal surcharges allowed Iraq to siphon off
large amounts for its war chest.
(WSJ, 5/2/02, p.A1)
2002 May 5, Iraq voted to
resume oil exports.
(SFC, 5/6/02, p.A3)
2002 May 14, The UN Security
Council revamped its sanctions against Iraq in order to ease the
delivery of civilian goods and tighten controls on military items.
(SFC, 5/15/02, p.A12)
2002 Jun 9, Iraq and Qatar
signed a free-trade agreement to drop customs duties and ease the
flow of goods between the two Arab countries, further mending
relations damaged by the 1990-91 Gulf War.
2002 Jun 16, The Bush
administration revealed a secret plan to for the CIA to undermine
and possibly kill Iraqi Pres. Saddam Hussein. [see Apr 4]
(SFC, 6/17/02, p.A1)
2002 Jul 4, American warplanes
bombed an Iraqi air defense system after coming under attack from
Iraqi anti-aircraft artillery.
2002 Jul 6, Nation of Islam
leader Louis Farrakhan arrived in Baghdad for a two-day visit
Saturday to discuss steps that could be taken to avert a possible
U.S. military campaign against Iraq.
2002 Jul 13, In southern
Iraq 7 civilians were reported injured in U.S. air raids.
2002 Jul 19, US and British
warplanes destroyed a military communications facility in southern
Iraq. Iraq said the strike killed 5 people including a couple and
(SFC, 7/20/02, p.A11)
2002 Jul 21, In Iraq executions
of 15 political dissidents took place in the Abu Ghraib prison, west
of Baghdad, and the bodies were buried at night in a mass grave at
al-Karkh cemetery in Baghdad. The Iraqi opposition group Center for
Human Rights reported this Sep 30.
2002 Jul 23, A memo from 10
Downing St. described an earlier meeting of Sir Richard Dearlove,
head of British Intelligence, with US officials in Washington in
which he noted a shift in attitude in the Bush administration, which
saw military action as inevitable in Iraq and that it would be
justified by the conjunction of terrorism and WMD. The memo became
public in 2005.
(SFC, 7/4/05, p.B6)
2002 Jul 28, Aircraft from
U.S.-British air patrols over southern Iraq bombed an Iraqi
communications site, the sixth strike this month in retaliation for
what the Pentagon says were hostile actions by Iraq.
2002 Jul, Alexander Downer,
Australia’s foreign minister, accused Saddam Hussein of developing
weapons of mass destruction. Iraq soon after announced that it would
cut its wheat purchases from Australia. Directors of AWB,
Australia's wheat exporter, flew to Iraq and struck a new deal for
(Econ, 1/28/06, p.42)
2002 Aug 1, Opponents of Iraqi
leader Saddam Hussein shot and wounded his younger son, Qusai (35),
in an assassination attempt in Baghdad. The Iraqi National Congress
opposition group reported the event 2 weeks later.
2002 Aug 2, Facing an
increasing possibility of U.S. military action, Iraq gave the first
solid indication in nearly four years that it will allow U.N.
weapons inspectors to return and invited the chief inspector to
Baghdad for talks.
2002 Aug 8, Saddam Hussein
organized a big military parade and then warned "the forces of evil"
not to attack Iraq as he sought once more to shift the debate away
from world demands that he live up to agreements that ended the Gulf
2002 Aug 12, Iraq's information
minister, Mohammed Saeed al-Sahhaf told the Arabic satellite
television station Al-Jazeera that there was no need for U.N.
weapons inspectors to return to Baghdad and branded as a "lie"
allegations that Saddam Hussein still had weapons of mass
2002 Aug 14, Aircraft from the
U.S.-British coalition patrolling southern Iraq bombed two Iraqi air
2002 Aug 16, Russia and Iraqi
officials planned to sign a 5-year $40 billion economic cooperation
(SFC, 8/17/02, p.A1)
2002 Aug 16, Sabri al-Banna,
aka Abu Nidal (65), Palestinian guerrilla commander and head of the
Fatah-Revolutionary Council, died from gunshot wounds in his Baghdad
home. Iraqi officials said he killed himself.
(Reuters, 8/19/02)(WSJ, 8/20/02, p.A18)(AP,
2002 Aug 20, In Germany 5
members of the Iraqi Opposition of Germany took over the Iraqi
embassy for 5 hours to protest against Saddam Hussein.
(SFC, 8/20/02, p.A7)
2002 Aug 23, U.S. warplanes
bombed an air defense site in northern Iraq after being targeted by
an Iraqi missile guidance radar system.
2002 Aug 25, Iraq said US and
British bombing killed 8 people near Basra. A U.S.-British air raid
in southern Iraq destroyed a major military surveillance site that
monitors American troops in the Persian Gulf
(WSJ, 8/26/02, p.A1)(AP, 8/27/02)
2002 Aug 26, US VP Cheney said
that there is "no doubt" that Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein is
amassing weapons of mass destruction for use against America and its
(SFC, 8/27/02, p.A1)
2002 Aug 30, For the 6th time
in a week, coalition aircraft bombed an Iraqi defense facility in
one of the no-fly zones patrolled by U.S. and British pilots.
2002 Sep 1, Secretary of State
Colin Powell said the US should first seek a return of U.N. weapons
inspectors to Iraq before taking any further steps.
2002 Sep 2, Russia urged Iraq
to admit U.N. weapons inspectors to avoid a war that could
jeopardize multibillion-dollar economic deals between the trading
2002 Sep 3, Iraq said it was
ready to discuss a return of U.N. weapons inspectors, but only in a
broader context of ending sanctions and restoring Iraqi sovereignty
over all its territory.
2002 Sep 5, The U.S. military
stated that American and British planes attacked an air defense
command and control facility at a military airfield 240 miles
southwest of Baghdad.
2002 Sep 7, Pres. Bush met with
British PM Tony Blair at Camp David, Md., to work out a strategy for
taking action against Iraq’s Saddam Hussein.
(SSFC, 9/8/02, p.A3)
2002 Sep 9, Allied aircraft
struck Iraq for the third time in a week, bombing a military
facility southeast of Baghdad.
2002 Sep 12, Pres. Bush
addressed the UN and laid out his case against Iraq’s Pres. Saddam
Hussein. Bush was expected to announce US plans to rejoin Unesco,
headquartered in Paris. France favored a demand for weapons
inspectors in Iraq along with force if Iraq resisted.
(WSJ, 9/12/02, p.A1,4)(SFC, 9/13/02, p.A1)
2002 Sep 13, Iraq will pay up
to $5,000 each to Palestinians whose home is demolished in the
Israeli campaign against suspected militants, a pro-Iraqi group said
Friday, hinting also that Iraq is supplying weapons to the
2002 Sep 13, A top Iraqi
official said Baghdad opposes the return of U.N. weapons inspectors
and President Bush’s speech to the United Nations was "full of
lies." Iraq will attack Israel if it takes part in a U.S. strike
against President Hussein’s government, an Iraqi minister said in
2002 Sep 13, Foreign ministers
of the U.N. Security Council’s permanent five nations said that
Iraq’s refusal to obey past U.N. resolutions "is a serious matter
and that Iraq must comply." Russia, Europe and key Arab states piled
pressure on Iraq on Friday to readmit U.N. weapons inspectors to
avert possible U.S.-led military action.
(AP, 9/13/02)(Reuters, 9/13/02)
2002 Sep 15, U.S. and British
warplanes bombed Iraqi installations in the southern no-fly zone.
Major air defense sites were being targeted.
(AP, 9/15/02)(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A12)
2002 Sep 15, At least 5 Iraqi
agents graduated from a 2-week course in surveillance techniques at
the "Special Training Center" in Moscow.
(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.A1)
2002 Sep 16, Iraq said it would
allow UN weapons inspectors unconditional access to suspected
weapons sites. Naji Sabri, Iraq’s minister of foreign affairs,
addressed the letter to UN Sec. Gen. Kofi Annan. The inspection
commission, headed by Hans Blix, is responsible for overseeing the
destruction of Iraq’s chemical and biological weapons and the
long-range missiles to deliver them. Core staff: 63 people from 17
(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/17/02, p.A3)(AP,
2002 Sep 17, Weapons inspectors
and Iraqi officials agreed to meet in Vienna in 10 days to complete
arrangements for the inspectors’ return. The UN said Iraq had
abandoned its illegal surcharges in the oil-for-food program.
(AP, 9/17/02)(WSJ, 9/18/02, p.A1)
2002 Sep 21, Iraq rejected U.S.
efforts to secure a U.N. resolution threatening war, with Iraqi
state-run radio announcing Baghdad will not abide by unfavorable new
resolutions adopted by the U.N. Security Council.
2002 Sep 24, Iraq dismissed a
British government report that said Saddam Hussein is pursuing
chemical, biological and nuclear weapons.
2002 Sep 24, Allied aircraft
struck Iraqi air defense facilities again in a double strike at two
southeastern installations. Precision-guided weapons were aimed at a
radar facility near Al Amarah about 165 miles southeast of Baghdad
and a defense communications facility at Tallil, about 170 miles
southeast of the capital.
2002 Sep 27, Three U.S.
lawmakers, all Democrats, arrived in Baghdad to gauge the possible
effects of war on ordinary Iraqi citizens. The visit by Rep. Jim
McDermott of Washington and fellow House Democrats David Bonior of
Michigan and Mike Thompson of California followed a Sept. 14 visit
by a delegation led by Rep. Nick Rahall, a West Virginia Democrat.
2002 Sep 28, Iraq rejected a
U.S.-British plan for the United Nations to force President Saddam
Hussein to disarm and open his palaces for weapons searches.
2002 Sep 28, U.S. jets raided
the Basra civilian airport for the second time inside a week,
targeting its radar systems and the passenger terminals.
2002 Oct 1, Allied aircraft
launched an airstrike in the southern no-fly zone over Iraq after
Iraqi aircraft penetrated the restricted area. Iraq agreed to a plan
for the return of UN weapons inspectors for the first time in nearly
four years, but ignored US demands for access to Saddam Hussein's
palaces and other contested sites. Iraq said it expected an advance
party in Baghdad in two weeks.
(AP, 10/1/07)(AP, 10/2/02)
2002 Oct 2, Iraq said it would
not accept any new U.N. resolution to cover the operations of arms
inspectors on its soil and vowed it would hit back hard against any
U.S. attack on Baghdad.
2002 Oct 4, Hans Blix, UN
weapons inspector, endorsed a US demand that Iraq make a full
declaration of its weapons program before inspections resume.
(SFC, 10/5/02, p.A7)
2002 Oct 7, In a somber address
to the nation to support his action against Iraq, President Bush
labeled Saddam Hussein a "homicidal dictator" and said the threat
from Iraq was unique and imminent: "We refuse to live in fear."
(SFC, 10/8/02, p.A1)(AP, 10/7/03)
2002 Oct 10, Allied planes
bombed radar and missile sites in the southern no-fly zone over
Iraq, targeting President Saddam Hussein’s air defenses for the
third time this week.
2002 Oct 10, The US Congress
gave Pres. Bush authorization to use armed forces against Iraq. The
House voted 296-133 in favor.
(SFC, 10/11/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/11/02, p.A1)
2002 Oct 15, In Iraq Saddam
Hussein won the presidential referendum for another 7-year term. He
claimed a 100% victory the next day.
(SFC, 10/16/02, p.A9)
2002 Oct 15, Allied planes
bombed a military command facility in the southern no-fly zone over
Iraq after taking fire from Iraqi forces.
2002 Oct 16, The US offered a
compromise proposal at the UN that called for serious consequences
if Iraq does not comply with weapons inspections.
(SFC, 10/17/02, p.A1)
2002 Oct 16, President Bush
signed a congressional resolution authorizing war against Iraq.
2002 Oct 18, Five trucks
carrying looted Kuwaiti archives left the Iraqi capital, bound for
2002 Oct 20, In Iraq President
Saddam Hussein issued an amnesty to all political prisoners and
exiles to mark his perfect 100 percent uncontested election.
2002 Oct 21, President Bush
said he would try diplomacy "one more time," but did not think
Saddam Hussein would disarm, even if doing so would allow the Iraqi
president to remain in power.
2002 Oct 22, Allied planes
bombed a military air defense site in the northern no-fly zone over
Iraq after taking fire from Iraqi forces.
2002 Oct 23, Allied planes
bombed two military air defense sites in the southern no-fly zone
over Iraq in the third round of strikes in a week.
2002 Oct 24, In Iraq officials
told many foreign journalists to leave due to coverage of recent
(SFC, 10/25/02, p.A3)
2002 Oct 30, Allied warplanes
bombed Iraqi defense systems in the northern no-fly zone over Iraq
after being fired upon during routine patrols.
2002 Nov 2, Pres. Bush called
Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein a "dangerous man" with links to
terrorist networks, and said that UN inspections for weapons of mass
destruction were critical.
2002 Nov 8, The UN Security
Council unanimously approved a tough new Iraq resolution, aimed at
forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face "serious consequences."
Iraq has until Nov. 15 to accept its terms and pledge to comply.
Iraq has until Dec. 8 to provide weapons inspectors and the Security
Council with a complete declaration of all aspects of its chemical,
biological and nuclear programs. Weapons inspectors have until Dec.
23 to resume their work in Iraq. Weapons inspectors are to report to
the Security Council 60 days after the start of their work. If
inspectors resume their work on Dec. 23, the latest they would be
able to report to the council would be Feb. 21, 2003.
2002 Nov 8, Pres. Bush said the
new UN Resolution 1441 presented the Iraqi regime "with a final
2002 Nov 10, U.S. warplanes
flying from an aircraft carrier in the Gulf struck missile sites in
southern Iraq in response to hostile acts.
2002 Nov 11, Iraqi lawmakers
denounced a new UN resolution on weapons inspections as dishonest,
provocative and worthy of rejection. But the Iraqi parliament said
it ultimately would trust whatever President Saddam Hussein decided.
2002 Nov 13, Iraq accepted a
tough new U.N. resolution that will return U.N. weapons inspectors
to the country after nearly four years.
2002 Nov 15, US aircraft
exchanged fire with Iraqi ground forces near An Najaf, about 85
miles south of Baghdad.
(SFC, 11/16/02, p.A6)
2002 Nov 16, In an open letter
to the Iraqi Parliament, Pres. Saddam Hussein said he had no choice
but to accept a tough new UN weapons inspection resolution because
the US and Israel had shown their "claws and teeth" and declared
unilateral war on the Iraqi people.
2002 Nov 18, UN inspectors
returned to Iraq after a 4-year hiatus to resume the search for
weapons of mass destruction.
2002 Nov 21, The 19 NATO
leaders demanded that Iraq "fully and immediately" comply with a UN
resolution to disarm. It was at the NATO Summit in Prague that
the NATO Response Force initiative was announced together with the
other major military transformation initiatives, the Prague
Capabilities Commitment and the fundamental revision of the NATO
military command structure. The NRF concept was approved by
Ministers of Defense in June 2003 in Brussels.
2002 Nov 24, In a letter to UN
Secretary-General Kofi Annan, the Iraqi government complained that
the small print behind upcoming weapons inspections would give
Washington a pretext to attack.
2002 Nov 26, Iraqi air defense
units fired at American and British warplanes that carried out
dozens of sorties in the country.
2002 Nov 27, International arms
monitors searched a military missile-testing range and a state
factory outside Baghdad, starting a new round of inspections that
could determine the future of peace in the Middle East.
2002 Dec 3, U.N. weapons
inspectors made their first unannounced visit to one of Iraqi leader
Saddam Hussein's presidential palaces.
2002 Dec 4, Iraqi forces shot
at allied aircraft patrolling the no-fly zone and U.S. planes
retaliated by bombing part of the country’s air defense system.
2002 Dec 4, Kurdish militiamen
of the PUK battled Islamic militants (Ansar al-Islam) believed to be
linked to al-Qaida in northern Iraq, and as many as 30 militiamen
were killed or wounded.
(AP, 12/4/02)(SFC, 12/6/02, p.A18)
2002 Dec 7, The Iraqi
government presented to the rest of the world a 12,000 page
declaration detailing its nuclear, chemical and biological
activities and formally declaring to the UN that it has no weapons
of mass destruction. Saddam Hussein grudgingly apologized to
Kuwaitis for invading their country in 1990.
(AP, 12/7/02)(SSFC, 12/8/02, p.A1)
2002 Dec 8, Iraq's massive
dossier detailing its chemical, biological and nuclear programs
arrived in New York; the U.N. Security Council agreed to give full
copies to the United States and the four other permanent council
members — Britain, France, Russia and China.
2002 Dec 9, The United States
received a copy Monday of Saddam Hussein’s massive arms declaration
as inspectors began combing the dossier for clues about whether Iraq
is free of weapons of mass destruction.
2002 Dec 10, A U.S. F-16
fighter bombed an Iraqi surface-to-air missile system after Iraq
moved it deep into the southern no-fly zone.
2002 Dec 17, Iraqi exiles in
London declared they want to build a "new Iraq" and agreed on a
power-sharing plan that for the first time recognizes the political
clout of Shiite Muslims, a majority in a nation long controlled by
Sunni Muslims such as Saddam Hussein. Some delegates walked out of
the London meeting warning of possible civil war if they were
sidelined in any new government.
(AP, 12/17/02)(Reuters, 12/17/02)
2002 Dec 17, Mohammed Jawad
allegedly attacked US troops with a grenade. He was arrested and
later transferred to Guantanamo Bay. US authorities claimed he was
at least 16-years old at the time of his arrest, but it later
emerged he may have been as young as 12.
2002 Dec 19, U.N. weapons
inspectors reported that Iraq’s new arms declaration contained
inconsistencies and contradictions and didn’t answer key questions
about its nuclear, chemical and biological programs.
2002 Dec 19, US Secretary of
State Colin Powell declared Iraq in "material breach" of a U.N.
2002 Dec 20, U.N. weapons
inspectors put Iraq on notice that it must provide far more evidence
about its weapons of mass destruction. Chief U.N. weapons inspector
Hans Blix urged the United States and Britain to hand over any
evidence they have about Iraq’s secret weapons programs so U.N.
inspectors can check it on the ground. The US began sharing
sensitive information with the UN.
(AP, 12/20/02)(AP, 12/21/02)(SFC, 12/21/02, p.A7)
2002 Dec 20, U.S. jets fired on
two Iraqi air defense sites in the southern no-fly zone after an
Iraqi jet entered the restricted air space.
2002 Dec 23, Iraqi aircraft
shot down a U.S. unmanned surveillance drone over southern Iraq.
2002 Dec 24, Saddam Hussein
said in an address read on television that Iraqis were ready to
fight a holy war against the United States.
2002 Dec 24, Israeli PM Sharon
said Saddam Hussein had transferred chemical and biological weapons
(SFC, 12/25/02, p.A16)
2002 Dec 28, Iraq delivered a
list to UN officials naming over 500 scientists who have worked on
nuclear, chemical, biological and missile programs.
2002 Dec 30, British and US
warplanes flying multiple missions attacked Iraq air defense
facilities after an Iraqi fighter jet penetrated the southern no-fly
2002 Dec 30, The UN passed a
resolution by a 13-0 vote with Russia and Syria abstaining that put
new limits on Iraq for purchases of certain communications equipment
2002 Curt Coughlin authored
"Saddam: King of Terror."
(SSFC, 11/24/02, p.M1)
2002 Saddam Hussein authored a
2nd novel "The Impregnable Fortress." 2 million copies were printed
and his son Udai ordered 250,000 copies.
(SSFC, 6/23/02, p.D2)
2002 Sandra Mackey authored
"The Reckoning: Iraq and the Legacy of Saddam Hussein."
(SSFC, 6/30/02, p.M1)
2002 Kenneth M. Pollack
authored "The Threatening Storm: The Case for Invading Iraq."
(WSJ, 10/10/02, p.D10)
2002 The US opened formal
contacts with Daawa leader Ibrahim al Jaafari after clearing him in
(WSJ, 4/28/05, p.A1
2003 Jan 1, U.S. and British
warplanes attacked an Iraqi mobile radar system after it entered the
southern no-fly zone.
2003 Jan 6, U.S. warplanes
bombed two Iraqi anti-aircraft radars that threatened pilots
patrolling the southern no-fly zone.
2003 Jan 6, Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein accused U.N. inspectors of engaging in "intelligence
work" instead of searching for suspected nuclear, chemical and
biological weapons in his country.
2003 Jan 6, Thousands of
Marines, sailors and soldiers headed for the Persian Gulf region,
shipping out from California, Georgia and Maryland as the buildup
for a possible war with Iraq accelerated sharply.
2003 Jan 9, UN weapons
inspectors said there's no "smoking gun" to prove Iraq has nuclear,
chemical or biological weapons, but they demanded that Baghdad
provide private access to scientists and fresh evidence to back its
claim that it had destroyed its weapons of mass destruction.
2003 Jan 10, The European Union
proposed a diplomatic initiative to avoid war against Iraq and
increased pressure on Washington to pursue a peaceful solution to
the crisis over Iraq’s arms programs.
2003 Jan 10, Iraq blocked all
e-mail services following a batch of messages from disguised US
agencies urging dissent and military defections. Some service was
restored the next day.
(SSFC, 1/12/03, p.A14)
2003 Jan 13, US warplanes
struck an anti-ship missile launcher in southern Iraq. US planes
also dropped leaflets over An Najaf, about 85 miles southeast of
Baghdad. It was the 14th drop in 3 months.
2003 Jan 13, U.N. inspectors
took their hunt for banned arms to science and technology colleges
in Baghdad, and the top nuclear inspector said his teams’ mission
would take several more months.
2003 Jan 13, It was reported
that Iraq has experienced a dramatic increase in child cancers in
recent years. Blame was cast on the US use of depleted uranium
during the 1991 Gulf War.
(SFC, 1/13/03, p.A1)
2003 Jan 17, On the 12th
anniversary of the Gulf War, a defiant Saddam Hussein called on his
people to rise up and defend the nation against a new U.S.-led
2003 Jan 17, Iraq and Russia
signed three oil agreements for exploration and development of oil
fields in southern and western Iraq.
2003 Jan 18, UN officials
warned Iraq it was running out of time to cooperate and avoid war.
2003 Jan 19, Hans Blix
and Mohamed El Baradei, the chief U.N. arms inspectors, sat down for
urgent talks with Iraqi officials.
2003 Jan 19, Syria and Iran
support Turkey’s proposal for a regional summit to seek a peaceful
way out of the Iraq standoff. Turkey has offered to hold the summit
where Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Syria would discuss the
standoff over Iraq.
2003 Jan 20, The chief U.N.
arms inspectors and Iraqi officials agreed on practical steps to
greater Iraqi cooperation in the U.N. disarmament program, including
Baghdad’s encouragement of weapons scientists to submit to private
2003 Jan 22, France and Germany
joined forces to prevent any U.S.-led war on Iraq.
2003 Jan 24, American warplanes
bombed an Iraqi air defense site, the 12th strike in the southern
flight interdiction zone this month.
2003 Jan 27, The Bush
administration moved toward a military showdown with Iraq and
suggested a decision could come as early as next week after UN
inspectors credited Iraq with only limited cooperation in the search
for weapons. Meanwhile, chief U.N. inspector Hans Blix charged that
Iraq had never genuinely accepted U.N. resolutions demanding its
disarmament and warned that "cooperation on substance" was necessary
for a peaceful solution.
(AP, 1/27/03)(SFC, 1/28/03, p.A1)
2003 Jan 28, Pres. Bush in his
State of the Union vowed to use the "full force and might of the
U.S. military" if needed to disarm Saddam Hussein's Iraq. Bush
pledged of $15 billion for AIDS assistance in Africa, a domestic
agenda of tax cuts, medical malpractice caps and a ban on certain
late abortions. Bush also announced a $1.2 billion hydrogen fuel
1/29/03)(WSJ, 1/29/03, p.A1)
2003 Jan 31, Top U.N. arms
inspectors said they would not agree to new talks in Baghdad unless
Iraq demonstrated more cooperation and met unspecified conditions.
2003 Jan, Pres. Bush received
classified reports from the National Intelligence Council that an
American-led invasion of Iraq would increase support for political
Islam and result in a deeply divided Iraqi society prone to violent
(SFC, 9/28/04, p.A3)
2003 Jan, In Baghdad, Iraq,
Hayder Mounthir staged his play "Where Is the Government." The
entire cast was briefly jailed after one performance. He re-staged
the play at the National Theater with a new ending in Nov.
(WSJ, 11/10/03, p.A1)
2003 Jan, An environmental
assessment on Iraq was finalized for the US government. It indicated
that Iraqis had ordered 8 million pounds of sodium dichromate, a
deadly toxin, to keep water pipes from corroding. Months later US
soldiers were sickened after they arrived at the Qarmat Ali water
treatment plant. Oregon Nat’l. Guard soldiers sued military
contractor KBR in 2009. KBR said it only knew of the presence of the
toxin July 2003.
(SFC, 4/5/12, p.A8)
2003 Feb 3, It was reported
that the US and Britain had mapped out a strategy to limit arms
inspections in Iraq to no more than 6 more weeks.
(SFC, 2/3/03, p.A1)
2003 Feb 3, A new British
report said Iraqi security agents have bugged every room and
telephone of the U.N. weapons inspectors based in Baghdad and have
hidden documents in Iraqi hospitals, mosques and homes.
2003 Feb 5, Secretary of State
Colin Powell, made his case that Iraq had defied all demands that it
disarm, presented tape recordings, satellite photos and statements
from informants that he said was "irrefutable and undeniable"
evidence that Saddam Hussein is concealing weapons of mass
(AP, 2/5/03)(SFC, 2/6/03, p.A1)
2003 Feb 8, The chief UN arms
inspectors arrived in Baghdad for a new round of crucial talks with
2003 Feb 8, In Iraq gunmen
posing as defectors from an Islamic extremist group killed
Gen. Shawkat Haji Mushir, a political leader of the Patriotic Union
of Kurdistan and two other Kurdish officials.
2003 Feb 10, Iraq agreed to
allow U-2 surveillance flights over its territory, meeting a key
demand by U.N. inspectors searching for banned weapons; President
Bush, however, brushed aside Iraqi concessions as too little, too
2003 Feb 11, A group of around
50 Western anti-war activists received visas to enter Iraq where
they plan to form "human shields." Iraq said it would allow U-2
(Reuters, 2/11/03)(SFC, 2/11/03, p.A10)
2003 Feb 13, American Special
Forces were reported to be in various parts of Iraq for what seemed
to be the initial phases of a ground war.
(SFC, 2/12/03, p.A14)
2003 Feb 14, Saddam Hussein
banned all weapons of mass destruction from Iraq, meeting a long
time U.N. demand.
2003 Feb 14, UN weapons
inspectors haven’t found any weapons of mass destruction in Iraq but
chief inspector Hans Blix said many proscribed materials remain
(AP, 2/14/03)(SFC, 2/15/03, p.A1)
2003 Feb 15, American warplanes
bombed two anti-aircraft missile sites in southern Iraq.
2003 Feb 15, Rattled by
an outpouring of anti-war sentiment, the US and Britain began
reworking a draft resolution to authorize force against Saddam
2003 Feb 15, Millions of
protesters, many of them marching in the capitals of America’s
allies, demonstrated against possible US plans to attack Iraq.
(AP, 2/15/03)(AP, 2/16/03)
2003 Feb 21, It was
reported that Iraq had recently begun shipping large quantities of
oil through its Khor al Amaya port.
(WSJ, 2/21/03, p.A1)
2003 Feb 21, Chief UN
inspector Hans Blix ordered Baghdad to begin destroying dozens of
illegal missiles and their components by March 1.
(AP, 2/22/03)(SFC, 2/22/03, A1)
2003 Feb 23, In Iraq
Saddam Hussein met separately with Russian Yevgeny Primakov and
former US attorney gen’l. Ramsay Clark. Clark said Hussein feared
that Pres. Bush had made up his mind to attack and that there was
nothing he could do to prevent it.
(SFC, 2/25/03, A10)
2003 Feb 23, The UN
Children’s Fund and Iraqi health teams began a five-day campaign to
vaccinate 4 million Iraqi children against polio.
2003 Feb 24, Dan Rather
interviewed Saddam Hussein via satellite and Hussein proposed a live
debate with Pres. Bush. Hussein said he would rather die than leave
his country and that he would not destroy its wealth by setting fire
to its oil wells in the event of a U.S.-led invasion.
(SFC, 2/25/03, A10)(AP, 2/26/03)
2003 Feb 24, Seeking U.N.
approval for war against Iraq, the United States, Britain and Spain
submitted a resolution to the Security Council declaring that Saddam
Hussein had missed "the final opportunity" to disarm peacefully and
indicating that he had to face the consequences.
(SFC, 2/25/03, A1)(AP, 2/24/04)
2003 Feb 25, Chief U.N. weapons
inspector Hans Blix said Iraq was showing new signs of real
cooperation, but President Bush was dismissive, predicting Saddam
Hussein would try to "fool the world one more time."
2003 Feb 25, Iraq
provided new information about its weapons and reported the
discovery of 2 bombs, including one possibly filled with a
2003 Feb 26, French
Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin warned that waging war against
Iraq now, would split the international community and "be perceived
as precipitous and illegitimate."
2003 Feb 27, Iraq agreed in
principle to destroy its Al Samoud Two missiles, two days before a
2003 Feb 28, Iraq agreed
to begin destroying its Al Samoud 2 missiles within 24 hours.
2003 Feb, Saddam Hussein
accepted an 11th-hour offer to flee into exile weeks ahead of the
U.S.-led invasion, but Arab League officials scuttled the proposal.
The exile initiative was spearheaded by the late president of the
United Arab Emirates, Sheik Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, at an
emergency Arab summit held in Egypt. This was not made public until
2005 when Sheik Mohammed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the son of Sheik
Zayed, reported it in an interview aired by Al-Arabiya TV.
2003 Mar 1, Iraq
destroyed 4 of over 100 Al Samoud 2 missiles and agreed with the UN
on a timetable to dismantle the rest of the missile program.
(AP, 3/1/03)(SSFC, 3/2/03, A1)
2003 Mar 1, Arab leaders
held a summit in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. The UAR became the 1st Arab
country to call for Saddam Hussein to step down.
(SSFC, 3/2/03, A8)
2003 Mar 1, Turkey's
parliament failed to approve a bill allowing in American combat
troops to open a northern front against Iraq. Lawmakers voted
264-250 in favor of stationing US troops but that was 3 votes shy of
a constitutionally mandated simple majority.
(AP, 3/2/03)(AP, 3/1/08)
2003 Mar 2, Iraq crushed
another six Al Samoud II missiles, as ordered by UN weapons
inspectors. Iraqi scientist Mahmud Faraj Bilal al-Samarrai,
implicated in Saddam Hussein's weapons of mass destruction (WMD),
surrendered to the CIA. He was freed in 2012.
(AP, 3/2/08)(AFP, 4/15/12)
2003 Mar 4, Iran called
for UN-supervised elections in neighboring Iraq and urged the
divided Iraqi opposition to reconcile with Pres. Saddam Hussein as
part of a plan aimed at averting a US-led war on Iraq.
2003 Mar 4, It was later
reported that CNN top people found out that the US war on Iraq would
begin Mar 19.
(SFC, 4/3/03, p.W2)
2003 Mar 4, In northern
Iraq Kurdish soldiers killed 5 Muslim men in a possible case of
(AP, 3/4/03)(SFC, 3/5/03, p.A10)
2003 Mar 6, President
Bush held a new conference and warned that he was prepared to go to
war soon in Iraq with or without U.N. backing.
(AP, 3/7/03)(SFC, 3/7/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 6, Britain
offered to compromise on a US-backed resolution by giving Saddam
Hussein a short deadline to prove he has eliminated all banned
weapons or face an attack.
2003 Mar 7, Kazem
al-Sahir (41), Iraqi pop singer with over 30 million records sold,
scheduled a benefit concert at the Berkeley Community Theater. His
US tour was set to raise medical and school supplies for Iraqi
(SSFC, 3/2/03, A28)(SFC, 3/6/03, p.F1)
2003 Mar 7, The US and
its allies moved to set March 17 as the final deadline for Saddam
Hussein to prove he has given up his weapons of mass destruction.
(AP, 3/8/03)(SFC, 3/8/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 7, Mohamed
ElBaradei, UN chief nuclear weapons inspector, expressed frustration
at the quality of US information on Iraqi weapons and charged that
some documents may have been faked.
(SFC, 3/8/03, p.A11)
2003 Mar 8, Iraq resumed
the destruction of banned Al Samoud 2 missiles after taking a day
off and called on the UN to lift sanctions after arms inspectors
gave a positive assessment of Baghdad’s cooperation. Iraq also
demanded that the UN strip Israel of weapons of mass destruction,
require withdrawal from occupied Palestinian territory and that the
UN brand the US and Britain as liars.
(AP, 3/8/03)(SSFC, 3/9/03, p.A8)
2003 Mar 8, Former US
president and Nobel Peace Prize winner Jimmy Carter condemned
preparations for a unilateral US attack on Iraq.
2003 Mar 8, Thousands of
US women staged "Code Pink" marches against a possible war with
Iraq. Some 4,000 marched near the White House.
(SSFC, 3/9/03, p.A3)
2003 Mar 8, In Romania 5
Iraqi diplomats were expelled for "activities incompatible with
their status." Last week the US expelled two U.N.-based Iraqi
diplomats and identified 300 Iraqis in 60 countries, some operating
as diplomats out of Iraqi embassies, whom it wanted expelled.
2003 Mar 9, In
Rawalpindi, Pakistan, hundreds of thousands of people protested a
possible US war with Iraq.
(SFC, 3/10/03, p.A11)
2003 Mar 10, Facing almost
certain defeat, the United States and Britain delayed a vote in the
U.N. Security Council to give Saddam Hussein an ultimatum to disarm.
2003 Mar 10, Russian
Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov warned the Kremlin would vote against
the US and British resolution that gives Saddam Hussein a March 17
deadline to disarm.
2003 Mar 11, Iraq
destroyed more Al Samoud 2 missiles raising the total destroyed to
52 of some 100.
2003 Mar 11, Kofi Annan
said military action against Iraq without support of the UN security
council would be out of conformity with the UN charter. The US and
Britain considered a short extension past March 17, but rejected a
45-day deadline back by 6 council members.
(SFC, 3/11/03, p.A1)(SFC, 3/12/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 11, A top
Australian intelligence adviser resigned to protest the government’s
hardline policy on Iraq. Andrew Wilkie, one of its senior
intelligence analysts argued that, based on U.S. and other
intelligence information he has seen, there is currently no
justification for a war on Iraq.
2003 Mar 12, Brittain proposed
compromise language giving Saddam Hussein until Mar 17 to take 6
concrete disarmament steps.
(WSJ, 3/13/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 15, Many thousands of
anti-war demonstrators marched in SF, Washington DC and around the
world against plans for a war with Iraq.
(SFC, 3/16/03, p.A1)(AP, 3/15/08)
2003 Mar 17, Pres. Bush gave
Saddam Hussein 48 hours to go into exile or face military onslaught.
(SFC, 3/19/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 16, Iraqi leader
Saddam Hussein warned that if Iraq were attacked, it would take the
war anywhere in the world "wherever there is sky, land or water."
2003 Mar 17, In Denmark Nizar
Al-Khazraji, former Iraqi general, disappeared.
(WSJ, 4/9/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 17-May 25, Iraq was
scheduled to take over as chairman of the UN disarmament
organization, but declined the position.
(SSFC, 2/9/03, p.A16)
2003 Mar 18, Some $900 million
in US bills and as much as 100 million in euros was taken from
Iraq's Central Bank by Saddam Hussein and his family. The New York
Times reported on May 5 that Saddam ordered the money taken from the
Central Bank and sent his son Qusai in the middle of the night. This
became the largest cash theft in recent history.
(AP, 5/6/03)(AP, 2/28/06)
2003 Mar 19, President Bush
ordered the start of war against Iraq. Because of the time
difference, it was early March 20 in Iraq. Operation Iraqi Freedom
began with a few US targeted strikes in Baghdad against Saddam
Hussein, targeting him personally with a barrage of cruise missiles
and bombs as a prelude to invasion. Iraq responded hours later,
firing missiles toward American troops positioned just across its
border with Kuwait. The codename for the invasion of Iraq was Cobra
II. In 2006 Michael Gordon and Bernard Trainor authored “Cobra II:
The Inside Story of the Invasion and Occupation of Iraq.
(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)(AP, 3/19/04)(Econ, 4/8/06,
2003 Mar 19, It was reported
that Iraq had some 10 million land mines.
(WSJ, 3/19/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 20, Hundreds of
thousands of people marched on American embassies in world capitals
to protest the war against Iraq.
2003 Mar 20, Operation Iraqi
Freedom began with a few targeted strikes in Baghdad against Saddam
Hussein, targeting him personally with a barrage of cruise missiles
and bombs as a prelude to invasion. Iraq responded hours later,
firing missiles toward American troops positioned just across its
border with Kuwait. US Sec. of State Rumsfeld warned that the attack
in Iraq would be "of a force and scope and scale that is beyond what
has been seen before." A "shock and awe" strategy was planned based
on a 1996 "rapid dominance" strategy. The US seized $1.74 billion in
frozen Iraqi assets and declared it would be used for humanitarian
purposes. Saddam Hussein appeared on state-run television accusing
the United States of a "shameful crime" and urging his people to
"draw your sword" against the invaders. Iraq set fire to at least 10
(SFC, 3/20/03, p.W1)(SFC, 3/21/03,
p.W11)(WSJ, 3/21/03, p.A1)(AP, 3/20/04)
2003 Mar 20, UN Sec. Gen’l.
Kofi Annan asked to be put in charge of a humanitarian program to
(SFC, 3/21/03, p.W14)
2003 Mar 20-2003 Apr 9, At
least 1,700 Iraqi civilians were killed and over 8,000 injured in
the battle for Baghdad.
(SSFC, 5/18/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 21, In the 3rd day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom the "shock and awe" air campaign began. 2
days of US air attacks killed 4 civilians in Baghdad and left some
(SSFC, 3/23/03, p.W10)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)
2003 Mar 21, A CH-46 Sea Knight
helicopter crashed in Kuwait and killed 12 British and 4 US
soldiers. US Marines captured the strategic port in the southern
Iraqi city of Umm Qasr.
2003 Mar 22, In the 4th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom intermittent explosions were heard
throughout the day in Baghdad and by late afternoon at least 12 huge
columns of smoke could be seen rising from all along the southern
horizon of the city. US and British forces reached half way to
Baghdad and British forces were left surrounding Basra.
(AP, 3/22/03)(SSFC, 3/23/03, p.W1)
2003 Mar 22, A 4-man ITN TV
crew drove into a war zone near Az Zubayr, Iraq, and reporter Terry
Lloyd (50) was killed. 2 men went missing and one escaped.
(WSJ, 5/2/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 23, In the 5th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US-led warplanes and helicopters attacked
Republican Guard units defending Baghdad while ground troops
advanced to within 50 miles of the Iraqi capital. Pres. Bush put a
$75 billion price tag on a down payment for the war. The 507th
Maintenance Company was ambushed after it made a wrong turn into
Nasiriya; 11 soldiers were killed, seven were captured, including
Pfc. Jessica Lynch. Lori Piestewa (23) was killed, with the gruesome
distinction of being the first native American in the US army to be
killed in combat. Lynch was rescued on April 1, 2003.
(AP, 3/24/03)(SFC, 4/14/03,
2003 Mar 23, Iraqi state
television showed two men said to have been the US crew of an Apache
helicopter forced down during heavy fighting in central Iraq. Iraqi
forces captured at least 5 soldiers of an Army maintenance company.
US Central Command reported 12 missing. About 20 Americans were
captured or killed at Nasiriyah.
(AP, 3/24/03)(SFC, 3/24/03, p.W1)(WSJ, 3/24/03,
2003 Mar 23, A US bomb struck a
bus at a service area in al-Rutba, Iraq, enroute from Baghdad to
Syria. 5 people were killed.
(SFC, 3/25/03, p.W7)
2003 Mar 23, A British Royal
Air Force Tornado jet was shot down by a U.S. Patriot missile in the
first reported incident of "friendly" fire in Iraq.
2003 Mar 23, Arab nations
called for an emergency Security Council meeting to demand an end to
the US-led war against Iraq and the withdrawal of all invading
2003 Mar 24, Saddam Hussein
appeared on Iraqi TV telling his nation that "victory is soon."
(SFC, 3/24/03, p.W1)
2003 Mar 24, In the 6th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US forces began strikes against the Medina
Division of the Republican Guard guarding Baghdad. Hussein appeared
on Iraqi TV as coalition forces held over 3,000 prisoners. 10
Marines were killed in combat around Nasiriya.
(WSJ, 3/25/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)(SSFC,
2003 Mar 25, In the 7th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US aircraft dropped more than 2,000
precision-guided bombs on Iraq since the war's start. The "smart"
bombs were produced for a relatively cheap $20,000 each. Sandstorms
slowed coalition movement and air missions. US officials reported
150-200 Iraqi soldiers were killed near Najaf.
(AP, 3/25/03)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)(SSFC, 5/4/03,
2003 Mar 25, Six satellite
jamming devices, which Iraq was using to try to thwart American
precision guided weapons, were destroyed in the last 2 nights.
2003 Mar 25, Some 150-500 Iraqi
fighters were killed in fighting east of Najaf.
(AP, 3/25/03)(SFC, 3/26/03, p.W1)
2003 Mar 25, Saudi Arabia
contacted the United States and Iraq with a peace proposal and was
still awaiting a response.
2003 Mar 26, In the 8th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom Baghdad officials said two cruise missiles
hit a residential area, killing 14 people. Iraq said 36 civilians
were killed and 215 wounded in US airstrikes on Baghdad. Some 1,000
US paratroopers jumped into northern Iraq as sandstorms eased.
(AP, 3/26/03)(AP, 3/27/03)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.W12)
2003 Mar 27, In the 9th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom a British armored unit destroyed 14 Iraqi
tanks trying to break out of the besieged city of Basra. A sea-borne
relief operation was postponed after discovering Iraqi mines in the
shipping channel leading to the recently captured Iraqi port of Umm
Qasr. Heavy bombing on Baghdad destroyed a main telephone exchange.
(AP, 3/27/03)(SFC, 3/28/03, p.W1)
2003 Mar 27, The Bush
administration seized $1.62 billion in Iraqi assets already frozen
in the US. The money would be used to help rebuild Iraq once Saddam
Hussein is ousted.
2003 Mar 28, In the 10th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom the biggest bombs dropped on Baghdad so far,
two 4,700-pound "bunker busters," struck a communications tower. In
the south, Iraqi fighters defending the besieged city of Basra fired
on hundreds of civilians trying to flee. The British supply ship Sir
Galahad docked at the port of Umm Qasr. The Bush administration said
fighting might not be over for months. At least 58 people were
killed in a crowded market in northwest Baghdad by what local
officials called a coalition bombing. A US pilot was heard saying
"I'm going to be sick," then "we're in jail, dude," after firing on
the British convoy in the southern Iraqi city of Basra. Lance
Corporal of Horse Matty Hull was killed by American pilots.
(AP, 3/28/03)(SFC, 3/29/03, p.W1)(AP,
2/6/07)(Econ, 2/10/07, p.58)
2003 Mar 29, In the 11th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom a suicide bomber driving a taxi killed four
American soldiers at a checkpoint near Najaf, Iraq. US jets
destroyed a building in Basra where paramilitary fighters were
meeting and 200 were reported killed.
(AP, 3/29/03)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003 Mar 29, A low-flying Iraqi
missile avoided the detection of US defense systems and landed just
off the coast of Kuwait City, shattering windows at the seaside Souq
Sharq shopping mall.
(AP, 3/29/03)(SFC, 3/29/03, p.W5)
2003 Mar 30, In the 12th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom an Iraqi general, captured by British forces
in southern Iraq, was pressed to provide information. A British TV
correspondent covering the war in Iraq died after apparently falling
from a hotel roof.
2003 Mar 31, In the 13th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US-led troops fought pitched battles with
Saddam Hussein's Republican Guard within 50 miles of the capital.
B-1, B-2 and B-52 bombers struck communication and command centers
in Baghdad, and cruise missiles set Iraq's Information Ministry
ablaze. Casualties from the war to date US total: 40 dead, 7
captured, 18 missing; British total: 25 dead. Of 8,000 precision
bombs dropped since the war began, 3,000 fell in the last 3 days.
Port operations at Umm Qasr looked to be delayed for weeks.
(AP, 3/31/03)(WSJ, 4/1/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 31, US troops between
Karbala and Najaf shot and killed 10 Iraqi civilians including women
and children, when the driver of a van failed to stop at a
checkpoint. The Pentagon reported 7 killed.
(AP, 4/1/03)(SFC, 4/1/03, p.A1)
2003 Mar 31, NBC said it
severed its relations with reporter Peter Arnett after he told Iraqi
television that the US war plan against Saddam Hussein had failed.
Arnett was quickly hired by London’s Daily Mirror.
(AP, 3/31/03)(WSJ, 4/1/03, p.B1)
2003 Mar, In 2007 British media
reported that Iran had offered to cut off aid and support for the
Lebanese Shiite militia Hezbollah and the Palestinian group Hamas,
and promised full transparency on its nuclear program in a secret
letter to the US soon after the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Iran also
offered to use its influence to support stabilization in Iraq, and
in return asked for a halt in hostile American behaviour, an
abolition of all sanctions, and the pursuit and repatriation of
members of the Mujahedeen Khalq (People's Mujahedeen MKO). Lawrence
Wilkerson, former chief of staff to Colin Powell, said: “As soon as
it got to the Vice-President's (Dick Cheney) office, the old mantra
of 'we don't talk to evil' ... reasserted itself."
2003 Mar-Apr, US warplanes
dropped firebombs similar to napalm on Iraqi troops to clear the way
for troops headed to Baghdad.
(SFC, 8/6/03, p.A3)
2003 Apr 1, In the 14th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom American soldiers on the road to Baghdad
fought bloody street-to-street battles with militants loyal to
Saddam Hussein. The US opened the assault on Karbala. US cluster
bombs reportedly killed 11 civilians in Hilla.
(AP, 4/1/03)(WSJ, 4/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 4/3/03,
2003 Apr 1, Pfc. Jessica Lynch
(19), part of the 507th Maintenance Company captured on Mar 23, was
rescued in a U.S. commando raid on an Iraqi hospital in Nasiriyah.
11 bodies were also recovered and 8 were identified as US personnel.
It was later reported that Iraqi troops had already left the
hospital. Later in the year Rick Bragg authored "I Am A Soldier,
Too," an account of the Lynch story. About the same time Mohammed
Odeh al-Rehaief and Jeff Coplon authored "Because Each Life Is
Precious." Rehaief, a former Iraqi lawyer, disclosed Lynch's
location to US forces and provided detailed information prior to her
(AP, 4/2/03)(SFC, 5/29/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/14/03,
2003 Apr 2, In the 15th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom American forces crossed the Tigris River in
the drive toward the Iraqi capital and destroyed the Baghdad
Division of Iraq's Republican Guard. Gen. Richard Myers, chairman of
the Joint Chiefs of Staff, supported the war plan along with Defense
Sec. Donald Rumsfeld against criticism. US Marines took Numaniya, a
city of 80,000. American forces fought their way to within sight of
the Baghdad skyline; Iraqi soldiers discarded their military
uniforms by the roadside to hide their identity.
(SFC, 4/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 4/4/03, p.W1)(AP,
2003 Apr 2, Saddam Hussein
declared that "victory is at hand," and issued a new statement
urging Iraqis to fight on and defend their towns according to a
broadcast on Iraqi satellite television.
2003 Apr 2, In Iraq a US B-52
bomber dropped 2 new CBU-105 bombs, made by Textron Defense Systems,
on the first 30 vehicles of an Iraqi armored convoy approaching a
small American reconnaissance unit. The bombs each released 10
submunitions, each of which ejected 4 disks that used infra-red
scanners to locate the vehicles. Soldiers in the remaining 70
vehicles surrendered immediately.
(Econ, 1/30/10, p.88)
2003 Apr 2, A Navy F/A-18C
Hornet after his fighter jet went down during a bombing run over
Karbala. In 2004 it was reported that the jet was shot down by an
Army Patriot missile. 7 US Army soldiers were killed when their
Black Hawk helicopter was shot down.
(AP, 4/3/03)(SFC, 4/3/03, p.A1)(SFC, 12/11/04,
2003 Apr 2, Polish troops
fighting with the US-led coalition in Iraq reported encountering
many Iraqi combatants in civilian clothes.
2003 Apr 3, In the 16th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US Marines and infantry moved with
surprising speed toward Baghdad. Central Command said there was
"increasing evidence" that Saddam Hussein's regime had lost control
of its fighting forces. US troop casualty totaled: 51 dead, 16
missing and 7 captured. A power blackout in Baghdad coincided with
heavy artillery fire. US forces attacked Saddam Int'l. Airport.
(AP, 4/3/03)(SFC, 4/4/03, p.W1)(SSFC, 5/4/03,
2003 Apr 3, A car exploded at a
US checkpoint in western Iraq, killing 3 coalition soldiers, a
pregnant woman and the car's driver. Banditry and plundering were
reported across the countryside. Atlantic magazine editor Michael
Kelly (46), became the first American journalist to be killed while
covering the war when his Army Humvee came under fire and rolled
into a canal.
(WSJ, 4/3/03, p.A1)(AP, 4/4/03)(AP, 4/3/08)
2003 Apr 4, On the 17th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom thousands of Iraqis fled Baghdad as US
forces seized the international airport to the west and armored
convoys pressed in from the south. Army Sgt. 1st Class Paul Ray
Smith was killed in the battle. In 2005 Pres. Bush awarded him the
1st US Medal of Honor of the Iraq campaign. A Marine unit found
concentrations of cyanide and mustard-gas agents in the Euphrates
River near Nasiriyah.
(AP, 4/4/03)(SFC, 4/5/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/7/03,
2003 Apr 4, Peter Arnett, fired
by NBC earlier this week for giving an interview to state-run Iraqi
television, began reporting for pan-Arab satellite channel
Al-Arabiya. Atlantic Monthly journalist Michael Kelley was killed in
a humvee accident near Baghdad.
(AP, 4/5/03)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003 Apr 5, In the 18th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US 3rd Infantry troops entered Baghdad for
the first time. Coalition troops took several objectives surrounding
the capital in the north and northwest. US warplanes hit Iraqi
positions near the commercial center of Mosul. Up to 3,000 Iraqi
fighters were killed as American armored vehicles moved into
(AP, 4/5/03)(AP, 4/6/03)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A1)
2003 Apr 5, Ali Hassan al-Majid
(king of spades), Saddam Hussein’s 1st cousin and dubbed "Chemical
Ali" by opponents for ordering a 1988 poison gas attack that killed
thousands of Kurds, was reported killed by an airstrike on his house
in Basra. Majid was captured in August.
(AP, 4/7/03)(SFC, 4/26/03, A14)(AP, 8/21/03)
2003 Apr 6, In the 19th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom 18 Kurdish fighters were killed and 45
wounded in northern Iraq when a US warplane mistakenly bombed a
convoy. The 1st US transport plane landed at Baghdad Airport. US
forces near Baghdad reportedly found a weapons cache of around 20
medium-range Rockets, BM-21 missiles, equipped with sarin and
mustard gas and "ready to fire." David Bloom (39), NBC
correspondent, died of a pulmonary embolism south of Baghdad. Ahmed
Chalabi, Iraqi exile leader, was airlifted by the US along with 700
"freedom fighters" to southern Iraq to join coalition troops and
form the nucleus of a new national army.
(AP, 4/6/03)(SFC, 4/7/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/7/03,
p.A1)(WSJ, 4/8/03, p.A10)(AP, 4/6/08)
2003 Apr 6, The Int'l Committee
of the Red Cross said the number of casualties in Baghdad was so
high that hospitals have stopped counting the number of people
treated. A convoy of Russian diplomats, including the ambassador,
came under fire as the group was evacuating Baghdad. British forces
made their deepest push into Basra, Iraq's second-largest city.
(AP, 4/6/03)(AP, 4/6/08)
2003 Apr 7, In the 20th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US forces in tanks and armored vehicles
stormed into the center of Baghdad, seizing Saddam Hussein's Sijood
and Republican palaces. As many as 5 marines were killed. Many
Iraqis died in constant suicidal attacks. It was later speculated
that the US and the Baath regime arranged a secret deal (safqua) to
hand over Baghdad.
(AP, 4/7/03)(SFC, 4/7/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/8/03,
p.A1)(SSFC, 4/20/03, p.D3)
2003 Apr 7, A US warplane
dropped 4 precision-guided 2,000-pound JDAMs and left a smoking
crater 60 feet deep in the upscale al-Mansour section of western
Baghdad, where Saddam Hussein was believed to have been in a meeting
with top officials.
(AP, 4/8/03)(SFC, 4/8/03, p.A1)
2003 Apr 7, Capt. Harry
Alexander Hornbuckle on the road to Baghdad led 80 US soldiers
against 300 Iraqi and Syrian fighters. 200 enemy were killed with no
(WSJ, 11/11/03, p.A1)
2003 Apr 7, Ahmad Chalabi, head
of the exiled Iraqi National Congress, returned to Iraq.
(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003 Apr 8, In the 21st day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom George W. Bush and Tony Blair met in
Northern Ireland and endorsed a "vital role" for the United Nations
when fighting ends in Iraq.
2003 Apr 8, In Iraq 2 cameramen
and one other journalist were killed and at least 3 others wounded
when an American tank hit the Hotel Palestine where they were
staying. An Al-Jazeera journalist was killed by US fire. In 2005 a
Spanish judge issued an arrest warrant for the 3-member US tank
crew, for the death of Jose Couso, who worked for the Spanish
television network Telecinco. Khalid Ibrahim Sa'id, Iraqi physicist,
was killed in Baghdad by a US tank crew as he rode in a car to check
on his home. British forces began establishing the first post-war
administration, putting a local sheik into power in the southern
city of Basra. Looting erupted shortly after their troops took
control of the city. A US warplane was shot down near Baghdad. US
forces seized Rasheed military airport.
(AP, 4/8/03)(AP, 4/9/03)(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A1)(AP,
10/19/05)(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A14)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)(SSFC, 3/6/11,
2003 Apr 8, A US errant rocket
struck in Iran near the Iraqi border and killed a 13-year-old boy.
(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A21)
2003 Apr 9, In the 22nd day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US commanders declared Saddam Hussein's rule
over Baghdad over and jubilant crowds swarmed into the streets here,
dancing, looting, cheering and bringing down images of the Iraqi
leader. No more than 150 Iraqis gathered in Farbus Square to watch
American Marines, not Iraqis, pull down a statue of Hussein.
(AP, 4/9/03)(SFC, 4/10/03, p.A1)(AP, 4/16/03)
2003 Apr 10, In the 23rd day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US and Kurdish troops seized oil-rich Kirkuk
without a fight and held a second city within their grasp as
opposition forces crumbled in northern Iraq. Looting in Baghdad
prompted orders for US Marines to crack down on thieves. Over 40
suicide vests were found in a Baghdad school. Looting in Kirkuk
stripped the North Oil Co. facilities and pumping of 850,000 barrels
a day ceased.
(AP, 4/10/03)(SFC, 4/11/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/13/03,
p.W8)(SSFC, 4/20/03, p.A3)
2003 Apr 10, In Najaf clerics
Haider al-Kadar, a widely hated loyalist of Saddam, and Abdul Majid
al-Khoei, a high-ranking Shiite cleric and son of one of the
religion's most prominent spiritual leaders, were hacked to death at
the shrine of Imam Ali by a crowd during a meeting of
reconciliation. Majid al-Khoei had been give as much as $13 million
by the CIA to cultivate supporters.
(AP, 4/10/03)(SFC, 5/2/03, p.A14)
2003 Apr 11, In the 24th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom the northern city of Mosul fell into US and
Kurdish hands after an entire corps of the Iraqi army surrendered.
The Pentagon said no major military forces remain in the country.
Defense Sec. Rumsfeld called Iraqi looting and chaos a natural
"untidiness" that accompanies the transition from tyranny to
freedom. The US military issued a most-wanted list in the form of a
deck of 55 cards.
(AP, 4/11/03)(SFC, 4/12/03, p.A10)(SSFC, 5/4/03,
2003 Apr 12, In the 25th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US officials said 1,200 police and judicial
officers will go to Iraq to help restore order. In western Iraq, US
forces stopped a busload of men who had $630,000 in cash and a
letter offering rewards for killing American soldiers. Baghdad
Museum lost some 50,000 artifacts after 48 hours of looting. Unesco
later reported 150,000 items lost with a combined value in the
billions. It was later reported that losses were minimal and that
curators had put away most valuables into vaults before the war
(AP, 4/12/03)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.W1)(WSJ, 4/16/03,
p.B1)(WSJ, 6/12/03, p.D8)
2003 Apr 12, Lt. Gen. Amer
al-Saadi (7 of diamonds), Saddam Hussein's science adviser,
surrendered to US military authorities. He insisted Iraq had no
weapons of mass destruction and that the invasion was unjustified.
2003 Apr 13, In the 26th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US troops pushed into Tikrit. Army engineers
worked to help restore electricity in Baghdad. US-led forces
announced the capture of Watban Ibrahim Hasan, a half-brother of and
adviser to Saddam Hussein. After three weeks of captivity, seven US
POW's, including Army Specialist Shoshana Johnson, were released by
Iraqi troops near Tikrit, Iraq.
2003 Apr 14, In the 27th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US troops poured into Saddam Hussein's
hometown of Tikrit and fought pockets of hard-core defenders. Iraqis
and US troops began jointly patrolling the streets of Baghdad to
quell the lawlessness. US commandos in Baghdad captured Abul Abbas,
the leader of the violent Palestinian group that killed an American
on the hijacked cruise liner Achille Lauro in 1985. Abbas died in
2004 while in US custody.
(AP, 4/14/03)(AP, 4/15/03)(AP, 4/14/04)
2003 Apr 15, US forces about
this time cut off oil flow from Iraq to Syria. Oil flow had reached
130,000 barrels a day providing both countries over $10 million a
month in profits.
(SFC, 4/11/03, p.A18)
2003 Apr 15, In the 28th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom selected Iraqi leaders met with retired US
Lt. Gen. Jay Garner to shape a new government with 13 goals, the 1st
being "Iraq must be democratic." Secretary of State Colin Powell
said the United States has no plans to go to war with Syria. Looters
and arsonists ransacked and gutted Iraq's National Library and the
principal Islamic library. Marines came under fire while seizing an
airstrip on the outskirts of Tikrit. 7 Iraqis died when American
troops opened fire to keep an angry crowd from storming a government
complex in Mosul. US troops in Baghdad arrested Abul Abbas, head of
the Palestinian terrorist group that attacked the Italian cruise
ship Achille Lauro in 1985.
(AP, 4/15/03)(SFC, 4/16/03, p.A1, A16)(AP,
4/15/04)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003 Apr 15, US forces signed a
cease-fire agreement with the People's Mujahedeen (Mujahedeen
Khalq), a designated terrorist organization. The Iranian group had
an estimated 10,000 members and was led by a woman.
(SFC, 4/29/03, A10)
2003 Apr 16, In the 29th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom shooting in Mosul killed three people and
wounded at least 11 and some Iraqis blamed US troops. War casualties
totaled 121 US soldiers with 16 from friendly fire; 31 British
troops with at least 4 from friendly fire; at least 3,160 Iraqi
soldiers dead along with over 1,250 Iraqi civilians.
(AP, 4/16/03)(WSJ, 4/16/03, p.A8)
2003 Apr 17, In the 30th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom American forces released more than 900 Iraqi
prisoners, beginning the process of sorting through the thousands
detained in the war. Coalition forces still held 6,850 prisoners.
The Bush administration planned to send in a 1,000-man team to
search for weapons of mass destruction. US Special Forces captured
Barzan Ibrahim Hasan al-Tikriti (5 of clubs), a half brother of
Saddam Hussein. He was 3rd the list of 55 former Iraqi officials
wanted by the US. The US Mobile Exploitation Team Alpha (MET Alpha)
found an Iraqi scientist who led them to sites that contained
precursors for a banned toxic agent. A riot broke out at a Baghdad
bank after thieves blew a hole in the vault and dropped children in
to bring out fistfuls of cash. US troops calmed the situation by
arresting the thieves and removed $4 million in US dollars for
(AP, 4/17/03)(AP, 4/18/03)(WSJ, 4/17/03,
p.A3)(SFC, 4/18/03, p.A12)(SFC, 4/21/03, p.A1)
2003 Apr 17, Bechtel was
awarded a contract for up to $680 million to rebuild Iraqi
(SFC, 4/18/03, p.A1)
2003 Apr 18, Iraqi opposition
leader Ahmad Chalabi said he expects an Iraqi interim authority to
take over most government functions from the US military in "a
matter of weeks rather than months." Protesters marched in Baghdad
denouncing US presence. Kurds were reported expelling Arab families
from towns and villages where they had lived decades ago. Samir Abd
al-Aziz al-Najim (4 of clubs), a senior leader of the shattered
Baath party, was handed over to US forces overnight by Iraqi Kurds
near the northern city of Mosul. Iraqi police captured Hikmat
Ibrahim al-Azzawi (8 of diamonds), a deputy prime minister and
number 45 on an American list of the 55 most wanted Iraqis. US
troops in Baghdad uncovered numerous boxes of UC currency estimated
at $650 million. Videotape was shot by a Minnesota television crew
traveling with US troops in Iraq when they first opened the bunkers
at the Al-Qaqaa munitions base nine days after the fall of Saddam
Hussein. The tape shows what appears to be high explosives still in
barrels and bearing the markings of the International Atomic Energy
(AP, 4/18/03)(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A1,A10)(AP,
2003 Apr 19, US forces captured
Abd al-Khaliq Abd al-Ghafar (4 of hearts), Saddam's scientific
2003 Apr 20, It was reported
that the US planned a long-term military relationship with the
emerging government in Iraq to include access to military bases in
the region. US Army forces took control of Baghdad from the Marines
in a changing of the guard that thinned the military presence in the
capital. Celebrating Easter, the Reverend Emmanuel Delly, a longtime
Iraqi bishop, pleaded for safeguards against the persecution of
Christians in the new Iraq.
(SSFC, 4/20/03, p.A3)(AP, 4/20/04)
2003 Apr 21, The Coalition
Provisional Authority (CPA) was established as the temporary
governing body of Iraq. Retired Lt. Gen. Jay Garner, Pres. Bush’s
appointed post-war administrator, arrived in Baghdad. His priority
was to restore basic services such as water and electricity.
(AP, 4/21/03)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2003 Apr 21, Muhammad Hamza
al-Zubaydi (queen of spades), was captured by the Iraqi opposition.
He was known as Saddam's "Shiite Thug" for his role in Iraq's bloody
suppression of the Shiite Muslim uprising of 1991.
(AP, 4/22/03)(SFC, 4/26/03, A14)
2003 Apr 22 American soldiers
in Baghdad found $112 million sealed inside 7 animal kennels.
(SFC, 4/23/03, A12)
2003 Apr 22, Hundreds of
thousands of Shiite pilgrims marched to the holy shrine in Karbala,
where Hussein, the grandson of Muhammad, was killed in the 7th
century Battle of Karbala between a small group of his followers and
the Umayyad Army.
2003 Apr 22, France proposed
that the UN suspend economic sanctions against Iraq, but continue to
operate the oil-for-food program.
(SFC, 4/23/03, A8)
2003 Apr 23, US forces captured
4 more former Iraqi government officials, including 3 on the top
wanted list: Muzahim Sa'b Hassan al-Tikriti (queen of diamonds),
Gen. Zuhayr Talib Abd al-Sattar al-Naqib (7 of hearts), and Muhammad
Mahdi al-Salih (6 of hearts).
(SFC, 4/24/03, A14)(SFC, 4/26/03, A14)
2003 Apr 24, Tariq Aziz (8 of
spades), Iraqi deputy prime minister, surrendered to US forces.
(AP, 4/25/03)(SFC, 4/25/03, A1)
2003 Apr 25, Farouk Hijazi, who
once helped run Saddam Hussein's intelligence service and was linked
to al-Qaida, was delivered by Syria to US forces.
(AP, 4/25/03)(SFC, 4/26/03, A1)
2003 Apr 26, In Iraq attackers
fired into an ammunition dump guarded by Americans on Baghdad's
southeastern outskirts, setting off thunderous explosions that
killed at least six Iraqis and wounded four. As many as 40 were
(AP, 4/26/03)(SSFC, 4/27/03, A18)
2003 Apr 27, In Iraq Lt. Gen.
Hossam Mohammed Amin al-Yasin (6 of clubs), chief Iraqi liaison with
UN weapons inspectors, surrendered to US forces. The US military
arrested the self-anointed mayor of Baghdad, Mohammed Mohsen
al-Zubaidi, reflecting US determination to brook no interlopers in
its effort to build a consensus for administering Iraq.
(AP, 4/28/03)(AP, 4/27/04)
2003 Apr 28, On Saddam
Hussein's 66th birthday, some 300 prominent Iraqis met in Baghdad
under US direction to convene a national conference to create an
(SFC, 4/29/03, A1)(AP, 4/28/04)
2003 Apr 28, US soldiers opened
fire on Iraqis at a nighttime demonstration against the American
presence here after people shot at them with automatic rifles. The
director of the local hospital said 13 people were killed and 75
injured. Amer Mohammed Rashid (6 of spades), known to UN weapons
inspectors as the "Missile Man" and ranked 47th on the US
most-wanted list of 55 members of Saddam's inner circle,
2003 Apr 30, Donald Rumsfeld
visited Iraq and hailed its liberation. US soldiers fired on
anti-American protesters in the city of Fallujah; the mayor said two
people were killed and 14 wounded.
(AP, 4/30/03)(SFC, 5/1/03, A1)
2003 Apr, Ali Shahin Brisam,
general director of irrigation for Nasiriya, ordered the demolition
of one dam and opened regulators in others to return water to the
dried marshlands of southern Iraq. After 8 months marsh recovery
jumped from about 7% of their original size to about 16%.
(SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A6)
2003 Apr, Officials at the
Iraqi Embassy in Prague handed over weapons to Czech authorities.
Iraqi spies had used a diplomatic vehicle to smuggle in the weapons
for an attack on Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. The weapons
included an RPG-7 anti-tank missile, six machine guns and
2003 May 1, Pres. Bush,
standing on a Navy aircraft carrier in San Diego, announced that
"major combat operations in Iraq have ended."
(SFC, 5/2/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A22)
2003 May 1, Three top members
of Saddam Hussein's ousted regime: Mizban Khadr Hadi (military
commander), Abdel Tawab Mullah Huweish (director of the Office
of Military Industrialization and a deputy prime minister in charge
of arms procurement), and Taha Muhie-eldin Marouf (a Kurd who served
as one of two ceremonial vice presidents), were captured.
2003 May 3, The US picked a new
head of Iraq's Health Ministry on Saturday, a Baath Party member,
whose appointment was so critical that US officials designated the
announcement "Public Notice No. 1."
2003 May 3, In Baghdad, Iraq,
schools re-opened for the 1st time since the start of war.
(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.A11)
2003 May 4, Huda Salih Mahdi
Ammash (49), a top biological weapons scientist and among the top 55
most wanted members of Saddam Hussein's fallen regime, was taken
2003 May 6, Ghazi Hammud, Baath
regional chairman in the Kut district, was put in custody. He is No.
32 on Central Command's list of the 55 most-wanted members of
2003 May 9, The US and its
allies asked the UN Security Council to legitimize their occupation
of Iraq and sought permission to use revenue from the world's
second-largest oil reserves to rebuild the war-battered country.
2003 May 9, In northern Iraq 3
U.S. soldiers were killed when their helicopter crashed into the
2003 May 10, The leader of
Iraq's largest Shiite Muslim group, Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir
al-Hakim, returned triumphantly to his U.S.-occupied homeland after
two decades in Iranian exile.
2003 May 12, L. Paul Bremer,
the new American civilian administrator, took over the task of
piecing Iraq together. He replaced retired Army Lt. Gen. Jay Garner.
In 2006 Bremmer with Malcolm McConnell authored “My Year in Iraq."
(AP, 5/12/03)(WSJ, 1/13/06, p.P10)
2003 May 12, US officials said
Rihab Rashid Taha, called "Dr. Germ" for her work with germ warfare
agents, was reported to be in coalition custody. Ibrahim Ahmad Abd
al Sattar Muhammad, No. 11 on the most-wanted list, was also
reported in custody.
(USAT, 5/13/03, p.11A)
2003 May 13, L. Paul Bremer,
the new US administrator in Iraq, reportedly authorized troops to
shoot looters on sight. Rumsfeld said muscle would be used to stop
(SFC, 5/14/03, p.A3)(WSJ, 5/15/03, p.A1)
2003 May 14, In Iraq villagers
pulled body after body from a mass grave in Mahaweel, exhuming the
remains of up to 3,000 people they suspect were killed during the
1991 Shiite revolt against Saddam Hussein's regime.
2003 May 14, A Belgian attorney
filed suit against US Gen. Tommy Franks and Col. Brian P. McCoy for
war crimes in the war in Iraq. The use of some 1,500 cluster bombs
in Iraq was part of the suit.
(SFC, 5/15/03, p.A6)
2003 May 15, The Development
Fund for Iraq was established to fund reconstruction projects with
Iraqi oil revenue.
(WSJ, 10/28/03, p.A4)
2003 May 15, US Army forces
stormed into a village near the northern city of Tikrit before dawn,
seizing more than 260 prisoners, including one man on the
most-wanted list of former Iraqi officials.
2003 May 17, In Iraq US forces
arrested Kamal Mustafa Abdallah Sultan al-Tikriti, former secretary
of the Republican Guard (listed as No. 10 and the queen of clubs).
Univ. students and teachers returned to their campuses.
(SSFC, 5/18/03, p.A12)
2003 May 18, In Kirkuk, Iraq, a
weekend of Arab-Kurdish violence left at least 11 people dead and a
U.S. soldier wounded.
2003 May 19, In central Iraq 4
US Marines on a resupply mission were killed when their Ch-46
Sea-Knight helicopter crashed into a canal and a fifth drowned
trying to save them.
2003 May 21, In Iraq US forces
captured Aziz Saleh Numan, former Baath regional command chairman
for west Baghdad. He was No. 8 on the most wanted list.
(SFC, 5/23/03, p.A20)
2003 May 21, NATO's 19 nations
agreed unanimously to start planning to help Poland lead a
multinational peacekeeping force in Iraq.
2003 May 22, The UN Security
Council overwhelmingly approved an end to 13-year-old sanctions
against Iraq and gave the United States and Britain extraordinary
powers to run the country and its lucrative oil industry. Security
Council Resolution 1483 identified the US and Britain as “occupying
powers" in Iraq.
(AP, 5/22/03)(Econ, 4/19/08, p.102)
2003 May 23, US defense
officials reported that American troops had confiscated gold bars
valued at $34 million from a truck in northern Iraq.
2003 May 24, Coalition forces
captured two more wanted Iraqis: Sayf al-Din al-Mashadani, No. 46 on
the list and Sad Abd al-Majid al-Faysal, No. 55. The US-led
coalition ordered Iraqis to give up their weapons by mid-June.
(AP, 5/27/03)(AP, 5/24/04)
2003 May 27, In Iraq a US
weapons-inspection team arrived at Al Qaqaa weapons site and found
that the IAEA seals were broken and the high explosives missing. Two
Iraqis shot and killed two American soldiers in Fallujah, a hotbed
of support for Saddam Hussein.
(WSJ, 10/27/04, p.A3)(AP, 5/27/08)
2003 May 29, US forces in Iraq
numbered some 200,000. An extended stay was expected.
(SFC, 5/29/03, p.A12)
2003 May 31, American forces
arrested 15 members of Saddam Hussein's banned Baath Party as they
met at a police college in Baghdad.
2003 May, Alleged British
mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners took place at an aid camp near
Basra, Iraq. Photographs of prisoner abuse were made public in 2004.
In 2005 court martial proceedings began. In 2006 3 British soldiers
were cleared of manslaughter charges in the death of Ahmad Jabbar
Kareem (15), who drowned in the Shatt al-Basra canal in Basra.
(Econ, 1/22/05, p.51)(AP, 6/6/06)
2003 May, In Iraq a Jewish
archive was found when US troops looking for weapons of mass
destruction got a tip to check out the basement of a building of the
Mukhabarat, Saddam's secret police. In a flooded basement they found
books, photos and papers floated in the murky water. Accumulated
over the years were photos, parchments and cases to hold Torah
scrolls; a Jewish religious book published in 1568; 50 copies of a
children's primer in Hebrew and Arabic; books in Arabic and English,
books printed in Baghdad, Warsaw and Venice, the lost heritage of
what was once one of the largest Jewish communities in the Middle
East, dating to the 6th century B.C. The collection was saved and
soon taken to the US for preservation.
2003 Jun 2, Thousands of sacked
Iraqi soldiers marched on the U.S.-led administration and threatened
to launch suicide attacks on American troops in Baghdad unless they
were paid wages and compensation.
2003 Jun 6, An Iraqi prisoner
(52) of war was found dead at a camp run by the 1st Marine Division
near Nasiriyah. On Oct 8 Marine reservists stationed at Camp
Pendleton were charged in connection with his death.
2003 Jun 10, An AP tally of
civilian deaths in Iraq totaled at least 3,240, with 1,896 dead in
Baghdad. Allied deaths were 205 from Mar 20-Apr 20.
(WSJ, 6/11/03, p.A1)(SFC, 6/11/03, p.A3)
2003 Jun 10, In Iraq US forces
launched Operation Peninsula Strike aimed at rounding up Hussein
loyalists around Thuluya, 45 miles north of Baghdad.
(SFC, 6/12/03, p.A7)
2003 Jun 11, The US military
launched a massive operation to crush opposition north of Baghdad
and captured nearly 400 suspected Saddam Hussein loyalists in a bid
to end daily attacks against American soldiers.
2003 Jun 12, A US helicopter
gunship was shot down in western Iraq, just hours after US fighter
jets bombed "a terrorist training camp" in central Iraq. US troops
stormed through Sunni Muslim towns, seeking Saddam Hussein loyalists
in one of the biggest American military assaults since the war
(AP, 6/12/03)(AP, 6/12/08)
2003 Jun 13, US forces killed
27 Iraqi fighters in a ground and air pursuit after the Iraqis
attacked an American tank patrol north of Baghdad, bringing the
opposition death toll in four days of skirmishes to about 100.
2003 Jun 13, Five Iraqi
civilians were shot by American troops who apparently mistook them
for militants fleeing after attacking a U.S. tank patrol.
2003 Jun 15, With a deadline
passed for Iraqis to hand in heavy weapons, U.S. forces fanned out
across Iraq to seize arms and put down potential foes.
2003 Jun 16, Abid Hamid Mahmud
al-Tikriti, No. 4 on the wanted list, surrendered at a private home
in Tikrit following informants' tips. Nearby US soldiers found two
boxes, each counting $4 million in bundled hundred-dollar bills,
along with hundreds of pieces of jewelry, a sniper rifle and two
pounds of plastic explosive.
(AP, 6/19/03)(SFC, 6/19/03, p.A1)
2003 Jun 18, A demonstration by
former Iraqi army officers demanding back pay turned violent after
an American soldier fired into the crowd. 2 Iraqis were killed. One
American was killed in a drive-by shooting in south Baghdad.
(SFC, 6/19/03, p.A16)
2003 Jun 19, In Iraq The
special "Task Force 20" commando team was joined in the convoy
operation by an AC-130 gunship and other air support, attacking by
ground and air along a known escape and smuggling route near the
western city of Qaim.
(AP, 6/24/03)(SFC, 6/25/03, p.A18)
2003 Jun 22, Iraq returned to
world oil markets with its first crude oil exports since the
U.S.-led invasion. A fuel pipeline exploded and caught fire west of
Baghdad, a possible act of sabotage that sent flames high into the
2003 Jun 23, The US-led civil
administrators announced the creation of a new Iraqi army.
2003 Jun 24, In Majar al-Kabir,
Iraq, British troops in the Shiite south killed 4 Iraqis in a
gunbattle. In response a 400-strong Iraqi mob descended on the
police station and murdered 6 British troops. 8 suspects were later
detained. One was released in 2009 and cases against 5 were dropped
in 2010. Two suspects were held for trial. On Oct 10, 2010, a
Baghdad court cleared two Iraqi men accused of taking part in the
(WSJ, 6/25/03, p.A1)(BS, 6/26/03, 12A)(AP,
2003 Jun 29, In Iraq US forces
launched a massive operation to crush insurgents and capture senior
figures from the ousted regime.
2003 Jun 30, American troops
detained the U.S.-appointed mayor of Najaf, Iraq, accusing him of
kidnapping and corruption.
2003 Jun 30, In Iraq 10 people
died in a masque blast in Fallujah. US military later said the blast
was due to an accident during a "bomb manufacturing class." US
ground commanders said there was no evidence of a bomb factory and
residents blamed a US war plane.
(WSJ, 7/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 7/2/03, p.A14)(SFC,
7/3/03, p.A10)(SFC, 7/4/03, p.A17)
2003 Jun, Libya announced it
was breaking off diplomatic ties with Iraq and closing its embassy
shortly after the US-led invasion of the country earlier this year.
2003 Jul 1, In Iraq US troops
killed 4 people who failed to stop at checkpoints.
(WSJ, 7/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 7/2/03, p.A14)
2003 Jul 3, The US government
put a $25 million bounty on Saddam Hussein and $15 million on his
sons. US troops killed 11 Iraqis who ambushed a convoy outside
(AP, 7/3/03)(AP, 7/4/03)
2003 Jul 4, US forces raided a
Turkish special forces office in northern Iraq and detained 11
soldiers on reports that Turks were plotting to kill the governor of
the oil-rich city of Kirkuk.
2003 Jul 4, A voice purported
to be Saddam Hussein's, aired on the Arab television station
Al-Jazeera, said he is in Iraq directing attacks on American forces
and called on Iraqis to help the resistance against the US-led
(AP, 7/4/03)(SFC, 7/5/03, p.A1)
2003 Jul 5, In Ramadi, Iraq, an
explosion struck a ceremony for Iraqi policemen graduating from US
training, killing at least seven recruits and wounding dozens. In
Baghdad a British TV journalist was shot dead near the national
(AP, 7/5/03)(WSJ, 7/7/03, p.A1)
2003 Jul 8, In Iraq Mizban
Khadr Hadi (No. 23), a high-ranking member of the Baath Party
regional command and Mahmud Diab al-Ahmed (No. 29), the former
interior minister, were taken into custody. The capture of Al-Ahmed
was reported in error. He surrendered Aug 8.
(AP, 7/9/03)(AP, 8/10/03)
2003 Jul 9, It was reported
that occupation authorities had eliminated all import taxes in Iraq
and accelerated the closure of hundreds of local factories unable to
compete with foreign goods. At the same time hundreds of millions of
dollars was pumped in as cash payments to government workers. 2 U.S.
soldiers were killed and a third wounded in separate attacks on
their convoys near Mahmudiyah and Tikrit.
(SFC, 7/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 7/10/03)
2003 Jul 9, Pres. Bush met with
South African President Thabo Mbeki in Pretoria for discussions on
AIDS, the war on terror, trade issues and to seek common ground in
their attempts to deal with the political and economic crisis in
neighboring Zimbabwe. Pleading for patience, President Bush,
continuing his Africa tour, said the United States would "have to
remain tough" in Iraq despite attacks on U.S. soldiers. Bush said he
was "absolutely confident" in his actions despite the discovery that
one claim he'd made about Saddam Hussein's weapons pursuits was
based on false information.
(AP, 7/9/03)(SFC, 7/10/03, p.A3)(AP, 7/9/04)(AP,
2003 Jul 9, US Defense Sec.
Rumsfeld increased the estimate of military costs in Iraq to $3.9
billion a month.
(SFC, 7/9/03, p.A1)
2003 Jul 11, Spain, a leading
U.S. ally during the war to oust Saddam Hussein, agreed to send
1,300 soldiers to Iraq.
2003 Jul 13, In Iraq a
25-member interim Iraqi Governing Council (IGC) of prominent Iraqis
from diverse political and religious backgrounds was named at an
inaugural meeting, the first national body since the fall of Saddam
Hussein. The council abolished a number of old holidays and
established April 9, the fall of Baghdad and Saddam's regime, as a
new national holiday.
(AP, 7/13/03)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2003 Jul 14, Iraq's new
governing council, in its first full day on the job, voted to send a
delegation to the U.N. Security Council and assert its right to
represent Baghdad on the world stage.
2003 Jul 17, A new Iraq Trade
Bank was established to provide letters of credit for big shipments
2003 Jul 17, The US combat
death toll in Iraq hit a milestone as the Pentagon acknowledged its
casualties from hostile fire reached 147, the same number of troops
who died at enemy hands in the first Gulf War. Gen. John Abizaid,
head of central command, said loyalists are fighting an increasingly
organized "guerrilla-type campaign."
2003 Jul 20, American generals
said a new Iraqi civil defense force would be created over the next
45 days with some 7,000 militia members.
(SFC, 7/21/03, p.A1)
2003 Jul 20, Two soldiers from
the 101st Airborne Division were killed and another wounded when
their convoy came under rocket-propelled grenade and small arms fire
in northern Iraq.
2003 Jul 22, Saddam Hussein's
sons Odai and Qusai were killed in a fiery battle at a Mosul
mansion. Sheik Nawaf al-Zaydan Muhhamad informed US troops of their
presence in his home and became $30 million richer.
(AP, 7/23/03)(AP, 7/24/03)
2003 Jul 23, A new audiotape,
purported to be of toppled dictator Saddam Hussein and dated to Jul
20, was broadcast by an Arab satellite station. It called on former
soldiers to rise up against the American occupation.
2003 Jul 24, In northern Iraq 3
US soldiers died in the 2nd fatal attack on troops from the
101st Airborne Division since they tracked down and killed Saddam
Hussein's sons Uday and Qusai.
2003 Jul 26, In Iraq a grenade
attack killed 3 US soldiers and wounded four while they guarded a
children's hospital in Baqouba.
2003 Jul 29, American soldiers
in Tikrit overpowered and arrested a bodyguard who rarely left
Saddam Hussein's side.
2003 Jul 30, Iraq's U.S.-picked
interim government named its first president: Ibrahim al-Jaafari, a
Shiite Muslim from the Daawa party banned by Saddam Hussein.
(AP, 7/30/04)(WSJ, 4/28/05, p.A1)
2003 Jul, Joseph Wilson, former
American ambassador, alleged that Pres. Bush had falsely accused
Iraq of trying to buy uranium from Niger. Two White House officials
soon called at least 6 Washington journalists and told them that
Wilson’s wife, Valerie Plame, was a undercover CIA agent who had
worked in Niger.
(Econ, 8/21/04, p.28)
2003 Aug 3, As of this day 249
U.S. soldiers have died since the beginning of military operations
2003 Aug 7, In Iraq a car bomb
shattered a street outside the walled Jordanian Embassy, killed 19
people — including two children.
(SFC, 8/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 8/7/08)
2003 Aug 8, Mahmud Dhiyab
Al-Ahmad, Saddam Hussein's former interior minister, (No. 29 on the
list of 55 most-wanted Iraqis) surrendered to coalition forces.
2003 Aug 11, British troops
restored badly needed electricity to parts of Basra and supervised
distribution of gasoline after two days of protests over fuel and
2003 Aug 13, Iraq began pumping
crude oil from its northern oil fields for the first time since the
start of the war.
2003 Aug 13, In Iraq British
Private Jason Smith (32) died of heat stroke as the local
temperature passed the limits of available thermometers. An inquest
in 2007 ruled that troops were not adequately advised on how to cope
with high temperatures. In 2009 the British Ministry of Defense
upheld an earlier judgment that the military had breached Smith’s
right to life.
2003 Aug 14, The UN Security
Council approved a resolution welcoming the Iraqi Governing Council
and created a mission to oversee UN efforts to help rebuild the
country and establish a democratic government.
2003 Aug 15, Saboteurs blew up
a major pipeline and stopped all oil flow from Iraq to Turkey, just
three days after the pipeline between the two countries was
reopened. A following fire raged into the next day. The 600-mile
pipeline runs from the northern city of Kirkuk to the Turkish city
2003 Aug 17, Saboteurs blew a
hole in a giant Baghdad water main, forcing engineers to cut off
water to the capital. Two ferocious blazes raged out of control
along the pipeline that exports Iraq's oil to the north.
2003 Aug 17, Mazen Dana (43),
a Palestinian cameraman for Reuters, was shot dead by US troops in
Iraq while he filmed outside Abu Ghraib prison in western Baghdad.
Soldiers mistook his camera for a rocket-propelled grenade launcher.
The official judgment of the US Military, given five weeks later,
was that The Rules of Engagement required no warning and the tank
crew were justified in shooting Mazen Dana, seeing his TV camera as
a rocket-propelled grenade launcher, or RPG. No disciplinary action
was taken against any US serviceman. Mazen was the 18th foreign
journalist to be killed in Iraq since the occupation by the U.S.
Military on March 20, 2003 and the second Reuters cameraman to be
2003 Aug 19, In Baghdad a car
bomb exploded in front of the hotel housing the UN headquarters,
collapsing the front of the building. UN Special Representative
Sergio Vieira de Mello (55) of Brazil and 22 other people were
killed. UNICEF said that its program co-coordinator for Iraq,
Canadian Christopher Klein-Beekman, was among the dead. In 2008
Samantha Power authored “Chasing the Flame: Sergio Vieira de Mello
and the Fight to Save the World." In 2010 a court sentenced two
Iraqis to life in jail for taking part in the bombing and the kidnap
of two French journalists a year later.
(SFC, 8/20/03, p.A12)(AP, 8/21/03)(SSFC, 2/10/08,
2003 Aug 19, Taha Yassin
Ramadan, a former Iraqi vice president known as "Saddam's knuckles"
for his ruthlessness and No. 20 on the US list of most-wanted
Iraqis, was turned over to US forces in Mosul.
(AP, 8/19/03)(SFC, 8/20/03, p.A13)
2003 Aug 21, The US military
reported that Ali Hassan al-Majid, No. 5 on the list of most-wanted
Iraqis, had been captured. [see Apr 5]
2003 Aug 23, In Iraq a
guerrilla attack killed 3 British soldiers and seriously wounded one
in the southern port city of Basra.
(AP, 8/23/03)(SSFC, 8/24/03, p.A6)
2003 Aug 26, In northern Iraq
the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and the Iraqi Turkmen Front signed
an agreement in Kirkuk aimed at preventing ethnic violence after
clashes left 11 people dead last week.
2003 Aug 26, The toll of U.S.
troops killed in postwar Iraq surpassed the number killed in major
combat, reaching 139.
2003 Aug 27, In Iraq 2 more US
soldiers were killed in combat, and the international relief agency
Oxfam said it pulled its foreign staff out of Iraq because of the
2003 Aug 29, In Najaf, Iraq, a
massive car bomb exploded at the Imam Ali mosque during prayers,
killing Mohammed Bakir al-Hakim, one of Iraq's most important Shiite
clerics, and at least 85 other people. Two Iraqis and two Saudis
were caught soon after. Attackers fired rocket-propelled grenades at
two U.S. convoys in separate ambushes, killing one American soldier
and wounding six.
(SFC, 9/1/03, p.A1)(AP, 8/29/08)
2003 Sep 1, The U.S.-picked
Iraqi Governing Council named a new Cabinet.
2003 Sep 1, Arab TV broadcast
an audiotape purportedly from Saddam Hussein denying any involvement
in a bombing in Najaf, Iraq, that killed a beloved Shiite cleric.
2003 Sep 10, In Irbil, Iraq, a
suicide car bomber struck the US intelligence headquarters, killing
three Iraqis, including a 12-year-old boy.
(AP, 9/10/03)(WSJ, 9/11/03, p.A1)
2003 Sep 12, US soldiers
mistakenly opened fire on uniformed Iraqi policemen chasing highway
bandits at night, killing eight officers and a Jordanian security
guard in Fallujah.
2003 Sep 13, Angry mourners
swarmed Fallujah, Iraq, a day after eight Iraqi police were killed
in a friendly fire incident involving U.S. troops; the U.S. military
apologized for the deaths.
2003 Sep 14, Lt. Gen. Ricardo
Sanchez, the US military commander in Iraq, authorized the use of
loud rock music, "to create fear, disorient ... and prolong capture
shock." The tactic became common in the US war on terror, with
forces systematically using loud music on hundreds of detainees in
Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay.
2003 Sep 14, In Iraq a roadside
bomb attack on a convoy in the troubled city of Fallujah killed one
US soldier and injured three others.
2003 Sep 15, In Iraq guerrillas
killed a US soldier in a rocket-propelled grenade attack in central
2003 Sep 16, Baha Mousa (26),
an Iraqi hotel receptionist, died after being beaten at a British
military camp in Basra. An autopsy said he died of asphyxia, caused
by a stress position that soldiers forced him to maintain. He was
arrested, along with nine other Iraqis, at the Haitham Hotel in
Basra 2 days earlier by members of the 1st Battalion The Queen's
Lancashire Regiment (QLR). In 2006 Corp. Donald Payne pleaded guilty
to a charge of inhumane treatment of Iraqi civilians, but denied
manslaughter. Payne, who became Britain's first convicted war
criminal, was dismissed by the army and jailed for a year over the
killing. In 2008 the British Ministry of Defense agreed to pay just
under $6 million to the family of Mousa and 9 others who suffered
injuries while in the custody of British forces. In 2009 Britain
opened a public inquiry into the case and Britain's military
apologized for its treatment of Mousa. On Sep 8, 2011, an inquiry
concluded that British soldiers beat Mousa to death in an act of
unjustified violence that left a "very great stain" on Britain's
p.66)(AP, 7/10/08)(AP, 7/13/09)(AP, 9/21/09)(Reuters, 9/8/11)
2003 Sep 18, Iraqi guerrillas
ambushed an American patrol in Al Auja, Saddam Hussein's native
village, killing 3 US soldiers. The number of US killed since the
start of war in March reached 297.
(SFC, 9/19/03, p.A1)
2003 Aug 19, Taha Yassin
Ramadan, a former Iraqi vice president known as "Saddam's knuckles"
for his ruthlessness and No. 20 on the US list of most-wanted
Iraqis, was turned over to US forces in Mosul. Ramadan was tried and
convicted in November 2006 of murder, forced deportation and
torture, and sentenced to life in prison. The court agreed to turn
it to a death sentence in March 2007. Ramadan was hanged before dawn
on Tuesday, March 20, 2007, for his role in the killing of 148 Shia
Iraqis in Dujail.
(AP, 8/19/03)(SFC, 8/20/03,
2003 Sep 20, In central Iraq 3
American soldiers were killed and 13 injured in a mortar attack and
2003 Sep 20, In Iraq gunmen
attacked and wounded Aquila al-Hashimi, one of three women on Iraq's
Governing Council and a leading candidate to become the country's
representative at the United Nations.
2003 Sep 21, In Iraq corporate
and personal income taxes were capped at 15%. All foreign government
entities and their employees were declared exempt.
(WSJ, 10/28/03, p.A4)
2003 Sep 22, A suicide bomber,
his body wrapped in explosives and his car filled with 50 pounds of
TNT, struck a police checkpoint outside UN headquarters in Baghdad,
killing an Iraqi policeman who stopped him and wounding 19 people.
2003 Sep 23, US forces in Iraq
killed 3 civilians in an aerial attack on a farming village.
(SFC, 9/24/03, p.A3)
2003 Sep 25, A mortar blast
tore through a market in Baqouba, Iraq, killing nine civilians and
injuring more than a dozen others. Townspeople suspected American
soldiers stationed nearby may have been the target. Aquila
al-Hashimi (50), the first member of Iraq's American-picked
Governing Council to be targeted for assassination, died, five days
after she was shot in an ambush.
(AP, 9/26/03)(AP, 9/25/03)(WSJ, 9/26/03, p.A1)
2003 Sep 26, US troops fired on
two cars at a checkpoint in Fallujah, killing four Iraqis and
injuring five others. Over 4 days Sheikh Mishkhen al Jumaili lost 9
relatives including his son.
(AP, 9/27/03)(SFC, 10/6/03, p.A1)
2003 Sep, Sadr City chose an
alternative assembly to the US-approved group.
(WSJ, 10/20/03, p.A9)
2003 Sep-2004 Apr, In 2005 it
was reported that members of the US Army’s 82nd Airborne Division
beat and abused prisoners at Camp Mercury, an operating base near
Fallujah. “We kept it to broken arms and legs."
(SFC, 9/24/05, p.A3)
2003 Oct 3, In Iraq US Army
Spc. Jeremy C. Sivits began photographing Iraqi prisoner abuse at
Abu Ghraib prison. He was under instruction from MP Cpl. Charles A.
Graner to not say anything. In 2007 Lt. Col. Steven Lee Jordan (50),
who ran the interrogation center at Abu Ghraib, was court-martialed
on 8 charges including cruelty and maltreatment of prisoners. In
2008 Philip Gourevitch and Errol Morris authored “Standard Operating
Procedure" and produced a documentary film covering the Abu Ghraib
abuses. [See Jan 13, 2004]
(SFC, 5/14/04, p.A12)(SFC, 1/27/07, p.A9)(Econ,
2003 Oct 6, Roadside bombings
in central Iraq killed three U.S. soldiers and an Iraqi interpreter
and wounded six other service members.
2003 Oct 9, A suicide car
bomber crashed a white Oldsmobile into a police station in Sadr
City, Iraq's largest Shiite Muslim enclave, killing himself, 8
others and wounding as many as 45. Kirk von Ackerman (37), US army
contractor, disappeared between Tikrit and Kirkuk. It was later
reported that Von Ackerman was about to report on kickbacks to a US
Army officer in Iraq. On Dec 14 Ackerman’s associate Ryan Manelick
was shot to death near Camp Anaconda. Jose Antonio Bernal Gomez,
Spanish military attache, was shot to death in Baghdad.
(AP, 10/9/03)(SFC, 10/10/03, p.A1)(AP,
10/9/04)(AP, 10/9/08)(SFC, 11/11/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A14)
2003 Oct 10, In Sadr City,
Iraq, 2 Americans and 2 Iraqis were killed in a gunfight.
(SFC, 10/11/03, p.A12)
2003 Oct 12, In Baghdad a
suicide attacker, stopped from reaching a hotel full of Americans,
detonated his car bomb on a commercial avenue, killing six
bystanders and wounding dozens.
2003 Oct 14, In Baghdad a
suicide bomber detonated a car packed with explosives near the
Turkish Embassy, killing the driver and wounding more than a dozen
2003 Oct 15, In Iraq the new
dinar was launched graced with the likeness of an ancient ruler and
a 10th century mathematician. The Iraqi central bank had no tools to
regulate currency value. Exchange of the old currency was set to end
(SFC, 10/16/03, p.A12)(WSJ, 11/7/03, p.A10)
2003 Oct 15, Japan pledged $1.5
billion in reconstruction aid next year for Iraq and more down the
line despite economic woes at home.
2003 Oct 16, Iraqi police
backed by American tanks forced out the renegade Sadr City council.
(WSJ, 10/20/03, p.A9)
2003 Oct 16, The UN Security
Council unanimously adopted a resolution aimed at attracting aid to
stabilize Iraq and putting it on the road to independence.
2003 Oct 17, In Iraq the deaths
of 4 soldiers brought to 101 the number killed since Pres. Bush
declared the end of major combat on May 1.
(SFC, 10/18/03, p.A1)
2003 Oct 18, In Iraq 2 U.S.
soldiers were killed and one was wounded in an ambush north of
2003 Oct 20, Bush
administration officials said some $3 billion of Saddam Hussein's
former government was being held in Syria and Lebanon.
2003 Oct 22, It was reported
that pirated fuel from Iraq totaled some 2,000 tons for a daily loss
(SFC, 10/22/03, p.A1)
2003 Oct 23, A bomb exploded
near a pipeline in northern Iraq, killing two Iraqi Civil Defense
Corps members and wounding 10 others.
2003 Oct 24, Iraq's postwar
reconstruction received a boost as nations from Japan to Saudi
Arabia pledged $13 billion in new aid on top of more than $20
billion from the US. But the figure fell well short of the estimated
$56 billion needed to rebuild the country.
2003 Oct 24, Two U.S. soldiers
were killed and four were wounded in a mortar attack on their base
north of Baghdad.
2003 Oct 26, Iraqi insurgents
attacked the heavily guarded al Rashid hotel with a missile barrage
that killed an American colonel, wounded 18 other people. The
462-room hotel, housing civilian officials of the US-led Coalition
Provisional Authority and US military personnel, is seen as symbol
of the occupation.
(AP, 10/26/03)(SSFC, 10/26/03, p.A1)
2003 Oct 27, In Iraq suicide
car bombers on the 1st day of Ramadan struck the international Red
Cross headquarters and three police stations across Baghdad, killing
43 people and wounding at least 224.
(AP, 10/27/03)(SFC, 10/28/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/19/04,
2003 Oct 28, In Iraq a car bomb
exploded near a police station on a major street in the tense city
of Fallujah, killing at least four people.
2003 Oct 28, In Iraq 2 American
soldiers were killed when their Abrams battle tank was damaged by
resistance fighters 45 miles north of Baghdad. Total US deaths reach
115 and surpassed the 114 killed during the initial war Mar 20-May
2003 Oct 28, In southern Iraq 7
Ukrainian peacekeepers were wounded when militants attacked their
patrol. 1,650 Ukrainian troops served in the Polish-led
2003 Oct 29, International
organizations continued their exodus from Iraq in the wake of car
bombings in the capital and attacks against coalition troops.
2003 Oct 30, The UN ordered all
its non-Iraqi staff to leave Baghdad.
(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2003 Oct, Sean O'Sullivan (39),
American documentary filmmaker, arrived in Iraq and formed JumpStart
Int'l., a private non-profit effort to clean up bombed and burned
sites in Baghdad using Iraqi labor.
(SSFC, 4/4/04, p.A3)
2003 Nov 1, In Iraq a roadside
bomb killed at least two US soldiers in Mosul.
2003 Nov 1, It was reported
that over a dozen members of Saddam Hussein's government have been
shot dead in the streets of Basra over the last month.
(SFC, 11/1/03, p.A8)
2003 Nov 2, In central Iraq
insurgents shot down a US Chinook helicopter as it carried troops
headed for R&R, killing 16 soldiers and wounding 21. Attacks on
US troops reached 33 a day.
(SSFC, 11/2/03, p.A1)(AP, 11/2/08)
2003 Nov 6, Two American
soldiers were killed near Baghdad and along the Syrian border.
Polish forces suffered their first combat death when a Polish major
was fatally wounded in an ambush south of the capital.
2003 Nov 7, In Tikrit, Iraq, an
Army Black Hawk helicopter crashed, apparently shot down by
insurgents, killing all six U.S. soldiers aboard. 2 other soldiers
were killed near Mosul.
2003 Nov 8, In Iraq insurgents
killed two US paratroopers and wounded another west of Baghdad. In
Tikrit US F-16s battered suspected targets. 5 Iraqis were killed and
16 taken custody in "Operation Ivy Cyclone."
2003 Nov 9, In Iraq a US
military police soldier was killed in a rocket-propelled grenade
attack south of Baghdad. In Sadr City Muhamad al-Kaabi, a
US-appointed district chairman, was shot dead following an argument
with a US soldier guarding his council's headquarters.
(AP, 11/10/03)(WSJ, 11/12/03, p.A16)
2003 Nov 11, In Iraq US troops
opened fire on a truck carrying live chickens near the tense town of
Fallujah, killing 5 civilians aboard the vehicle, including a father
and his two sons.
2003 Nov 11, In Iraq an
explosion on a road frequently used by British troops killed 6
civilians in Basra. The military detained about 20 people suspected
of links to al-Qaida.
2003 Nov 12, In Iraq a suicide
truck bomber attacked the headquarters of Italy's paramilitary
police in Nasiriyah, killing 31 people, including 18 Italians, and
possibly trapping others.
(AP, 11/12/03)(AP, 11/13/03)
2003 Nov 13, Pres. Bush said
the US wants Iraqis to take more responsibility for governing their
troubled country and said coalition forces are determined to prevail
2003 Nov 14, The Bush
administration announced that it intends to hand over sovereignty to
the Iraqis by June 30, 2004.
(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A22)
2003 Nov 14, Near Tikrit, Iraq,
an Apache helicopter attacked and killed 7 people believed to have
been preparing a rocket attack on a US base.
2003 Nov 15, The Iraqi
Governing Council and the US-led occupation administration in Iraq
signed an agreement to speed up the transfer of power to the IGC by
July, 2004, after a transitional government is selected and assumes
(AP, 11/15/03)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2003 Nov 15, Two US Army Black
Hawk helicopters collided under fire and crashed in the northern
Iraqi city of Mosul, killing at least 17 soldiers.
(AP, 11/16/03)(SSFC, 11/16/03, p.A1)
2003 Nov 15, In Iraq insurgents
and looters overran US bases in Samara when soldiers left in an
effort to let Iraqis handle security.
(WSJ, 11/19/03, p.A1)
2003 Nov 19, In Ramadi, Iraq, a
car bomb exploded late outside the home of a pro-American tribal
leader, killing one child.
2003 Nov 20, In Kirkuk, Iraq, a
bomb apparently hidden in a pickup truck exploded at the offices of
a US-allied Kurdish political party, killing five people and
2003 Nov 21, More than a dozen
rockets fired from donkey carts slammed into Iraq's Oil Ministry and
two downtown Baghdad hotels used by foreign journalists and civilian
2003 Nov 22, In Iraq suicide
attackers detonated bomb-packed vehicles at 2 police stations in
Kahn Bani Saad and Baquoba. 11 police officers and 5 civilians were
(AP, 11/22/03)(SSFC, 11/23/03, p.A18)
2003 Nov 22, A DHL Airbus cargo
jet transporting mail in Iraq was struck and damaged by a MANPAD.
Though hit in the left fuel tank, the plane was able to return to
the Baghdad airport and land safely.
2003 Nov 23, In Iraq the
Governing Council named Rend Rahim Francke, an Iraqi-American woman
and veteran lobbyist who has criticized Washington as being
shortsighted in Iraq, as its ambassador to the United States.
2003 Nov 23, In Iraq gunmen
killed two American soldiers driving through Mosul, and then a crowd
swarmed the scene, looting the soldiers' vehicle and pummeling their
bodies. Another soldier was killed in a roadside bombing north of
2003 Nov 24, The US-appointed
government raided the offices of Al-Arabiya television, banned its
broadcasts from Iraq for broadcasting an audiotape a week ago of a
voice it said belonged to Saddam Hussein.
2003 Nov 24, Gunmen in Mosul
ambushed US soldiers on patrol with a roadside bomb then opened fire
on them, wounding one.
2003 Nov 26, Maj. Gen. Abed
Hamed Mowhoush, an air defense general captured Oct. 5 in a raid
near the Syrian border, died. He was being questioned while in
American custody in Qaim near the Syrian border when he lost
consciousness after complaining he didn't feel well. In 2004 4 US
soldiers were charged with murder.
(AP, 11/27/03)(SFC, 10/5/04, p.A3)
2003 Nov 27, Pres. Bush flew to
Iraq under extraordinary secrecy and security to spend Thanksgiving
with US troops.
2003 Nov 29, In Iraq US
senators Hillary Rodham Clinton and Jack Reed met with local
officials in the oil-rich northern city of Kirkuk. Attackers in
Mahmudiyah killed 7 members of a Spanish intelligence team as it
returned from a mission. In northern Iraq gunmen ambushed and
murdered two Japanese diplomats and their Iraqi driver.
(AP, 11/29/03)(SSFC, 11/30/03, p.A1)(AP,
2003 Nov 30, In western Iraq
guerrillas killed two U.S. soldiers and wounded a third in an
ambush. Gunmen shot and killed 2 South Korean electricians and
wounded 2 others as they drove apparently to a power transmission
plant they were working at in Tikrit.
2003 Nov 30, The US military
said 54 Iraqis were killed in the northern city of Samarra as US
forces used tanks and cannons to fight their way out of simultaneous
ambushes while delivering new Iraqi currency to banks. Residents
said the next that the casualty figure was much lower and that the
dead were mostly civilians.
(AP, 12/1/03)(SFC, 12/2/03, p.A1)
2003 Nov 30, A bus carrying
Kuwaitis returning from the funeral of a Shiite Muslim religious
leader overturned in southern Iraq, killing at least 15 people.
2003 Nov, At least 104 soldiers
were killed in Iraq this month including 79 Americans.
(SFC, 12/2/03, p.A18)
2003 Nov, Cpl. Dustin Berg, a
national Guardsman from Indiana, killed an Iraqi police officer and
then shot himself in the stomach to give the impression of a
gunfight to block investigation. In 2005 Berg pleaded guilty to
negligent homicide. His sentence included 18 months in prison and a
bad conduct discharge.
(SFC, 7/26/05, p.A6)
2003 Dec 2, US troops have
captured or killed a "big fish" in a large military operation in
Kirkuk. American soldiers arrested dozens of people there in an
2003 Dec 3, The head of the
Iraqi Governing Council renewed his demand that a proposed
transitional legislature be elected by Iraqi voters, a move opposed
by U.S. occupation officials. Leaders of the top political parties
agreed with the US-led administration to create a militia picked by
the parties and governing council.
(AP, 12/3/03)(SFC, 12/4/03, p.A16)
2003 Dec 5, Syria continued to
reject US pressure to hand over an estimated $250 million that
Saddam Hussein's regime had deposited there.
(WSJ, 12/5/03, p.A1)
2003 Dec 7, Insurgents attacked
a U.S. military patrol in northern Iraq, killing one soldier and
2003 Dec 9, In Talafar, Iraq, a
suicide bomber blew up a car packed with explosives at the gates of
a military barracks, injuring 41 American troops and six Iraqi
civilians. Hours earlier, 3 soldiers died in a road accident in
central Iraq, and 3 civilians died when a Baghdad mosque was
2003 Dec 10, U.S. allies that
opposed the war in Iraq were angered and surprised by Deputy Sec. of
Defense Paul Wolfowitz's decision to bar their companies from
bidding for $18.6 billion worth of reconstruction contracts, with
France questioning its legality and Canada threatening to halt aid.
The 63-nation eligibility list excluded Germany, France, Russia and
(AP, 12/10/03)(WSJ, 12/10/03, p.A1)(Econ,
2003 Dec 10, Iraq's
U.S.-installed interim government established a special tribunal to
deal with crime against humanity committed by Saddam Hussein's
2003 Dec 10, Iraq's Health
Ministry has ordered a halt to a count of civilians killed during
the war and told its statistics department not to release figures
compiled so far.
2003 Dec 10, In Mosul, Iraq, 2
US soldiers were killed. In a Baghdad suburb armed men robbed a
government bank of almost $1.4 billion dinars ($800,000).
(SFC, 12/11/03, p.A17)
2003 Dec 10, Journalist Michael
Weisskopf (57) was seriously wounded when a grenade thrown into an
Army Humvee exploded as he attempted to throw it back out.
(SFC, 12/12/03, p.A22)
2003 Dec 11, US officials
delayed a conference for companies seeking $18.6 billion in
reconstruction contracts in Iraq by eight days until Dec. 19.
2003 Dec 11, Pentagon officials
said efforts to create a new Iraqi army to help take over the
country's security have suffered a setback with the resignations of
a third of the soldiers trained.
2003 Dec 11, In Iraq a suicide
bomber killed 1 US soldier and wounded 14 others at a military base
(SFC, 12/12/03, p.A22)
2003 Dec 12, Insurgents
detonated a bomb alongside a U.S. military convoy west of Baghdad on
Friday, killing one soldier and wounding two others.
2003 Dec 12, Pres. Bush said
that Halliburton, VP Dick Cheney's former company, should repay the
government if it overcharged for gasoline delivered in Iraq under a
(AP, 12/12/03)(WSJ, 12/12/03, p.A1)
2003 Dec 13, American forces
captured a bearded and haggard-looking Saddam Hussein in an
underground hide-out on a farm in Adwar near his hometown of Tikrit.
2 other Iraqis were arrested. Small arms and $750,000 in bills were
also seized. The 55 most-wanted Iraqis and their status, according
to U.S. Central Command: 39 were in custody, 13 remained at large, 2
were confirmed killed and one was reported killed.
(AP, 12/14/03)(SFC, 12/15/03, p.A13)
2003 Dec 14, In Baghdad a
suspected suicide attacker detonated a car bomb killing at least 17
people and wounding 35 others. A US soldier was killed trying to
diffuse a roadside bomb. Ryan Manelick, A US contract worker for
Ultra Services, was shot to death near Camp Anaconda. He was an
associate of Kirk von Ackerman, who disappeared Oct 9. Manelick had
told Army investigators kickbacks were being made to a US Army
(SFC, 12/15/03, p.A15)(SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A14)
2003 Dec 15, In Iraq a suicide
bomber driving a four-wheel drive taxi killed eight Iraqi policemen
in an attack on a station in Baghdad's northern outskirts.
2003 Dec 16, U.S. special envoy
James A. Baker III said France, Germany and the US agreed to seek
reductions in Iraq's foreign debt within the Paris Club of creditor
(AP, 12/16/03)(SFC, 12/17/03, p.A18)
2003 Dec 16, U.S. troops killed
11 guerrilla attackers, some of whom released a flock of pigeons to
signal the Americans' approach, in an ambush in a town north of
2003 Dec 17, In Baghdad an
explosives-laden truck speeding toward a police station slammed into
a bus and blew up before dawn, killing at least 10 Iraqis.
2003 Dec 17, In Iraq guerrillas
ambushed a U.S. military patrol with small arms fire, killing one
soldier at al-Karmah in northwest Baghdad. The soldier's death
brings the number of U.S. soldiers killed in combat to 314 since the
war started on March 20.
2003 Dec 17, Suspected
followers of Saddam Hussein shot to death Muhammad al-Hakim a
representative of a major Shiite political party and a member of the
Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution.
2003 Dec 19, U.S. troops
mistakenly shot and killed three Iraqi police officers and wounded
two others, thinking they were bandits.
2003 Dec 20, Insurgents
attacked pipelines and an oil storage depot in three parts of Iraq,
setting fires that blazed for hours and lost millions of gallons of
2003 Dec 22, In Iraq a roadside
bomb exploded near a U.S. military convoy, killing two American
soldiers and an Iraqi translator.
2003 Dec 22, Russia agreed to
write off 65% of the debt owed by Iraq.
(WSJ, 12/23/03, p.A1)
2003 Dec 24, In Iraq a string
of separate bombings killed 6 civilians and 3 American soldiers.
2003 Dec 25, In Iraq leaders of
Sunni Muslim groups agreed to form a State Council for the Sunnis in
order to speak with a unified voice during the transition to Iraqi
(SFC, 12/26/03, p.A9)
2003 Dec 26, In Iraq an
American soldier died in a rebel ambush and two others were killed
in bomb explosions.
2003 Dec 27, In Iraq insurgents
launched 3 coordinated attacks in the southern city of Karbala,
killing 13 people, including six Iraqi police officers, 2 Thai
soldiers and 5 Bulgarians.
(AP, 12/28/03)(SSFC, 12/28/03, p.A3)(WSJ,
12/29/03, p.A1)(AP, 12/27/04)
2003 Dec 28, A roadside bomb
killed an American soldier and two Iraqi children in Baghdad.
2003 Dec 29, Rebels lobbed a
grenade and fired on U.S. soldiers searching homes for insurgents in
the northern city of Mosul, triggering a firefight that left three
Iraqis dead and two U.S. soldiers wounded.
2003 Dec 29, Japan pledged to
forgive "the vast majority" of its Iraqi debt if other Paris Club
nations do the same. China later said it would consider the idea.
2003 Dec 31, In Iraq gunfire
erupted in Kirkuk as hundreds of Arabs and Turkmen marched in
protest over fears of Kurdish domination in the oil-rich northern
(AP, 12/31/03)(WSJ, 1/2/04, p.A1)
2003 Dec 31, A New Year's Eve
car bombing at the upscale Nabil restaurant in Baghdad killed 8
people and injured 35.
(AP, 1/1/04)(SFC, 1/1/04, p.A1)
2003 Iraqna, a unit of
Egypt-based Orascom Telecom Holding SAE, launched cell phone service
(WSJ, 7/19/05, p.B1)
2003 The US Navy sent several
dolphins to Iraq to clear the Umm Qasr harbor of mines.
(SFC, 5/18/10, p.C2)
2004 Jan 2, A U.S. military
helicopter crashed west of Baghdad, killing one soldier and wounding
2004 Jan 2, In central Iraq
insurgents hit a U.S. base with mortar shells, killing one American
soldier and wounding two others. A US helicopter was shot down near
Fallujah killing one American soldier.
(AP, 1/3/04)(SFC, 1/2/04, p.A5)
2004 Jan 3, In Tikrit, Iraq,
American soldiers opened fire with a machine gun on a taxi, killing
four Iraqi civilians, including a 7-year-old boy.
2004 Jan 5, In Iraq 2 French
contractors, working on electricity projects, were killed in a
drive-by shooting near Fallujah.
(WSJ, 4/1/04, p.A10)
2004 Jan 6, Iraqi police opened
fire on hundreds of stone-throwing former Iraqi soldiers demanding
monthly stipends promised by the U.S.-led coalition, and reporters
saw at least four protesters shot in the southern town of Basra.
2004 Jan 7, L. Paul Bremer, the
top American civilian official in Iraq, said U.S. authorities will
release 506 low-level Iraqi prisoners while increasing the bounties
for fugitives suspected of major roles in attacks against coalition
2004 Jan 8, In Iraq a US Black
Hawk medivac helicopter crashed near Fallujah killing all nine
2004 Jan 9, In Baqouba, Iraq,
an explosion ripped through a busy street as worshippers streamed
out of a Shiite Muslim mosque, killing 5 people and wounding dozens
of others. US soldiers in Kirkuk killed 2 Iraqi police officers.
(AP, 1/9/04)(SFC, 1/10/04, p.A8)(SSFC, 1/11/04,
2004 Jan 9, US Officials said
Pentagon lawyers had determined that former Iraq leader Saddam
Hussein was a prisoner of war since his capture.
2004 Jan 11, U.S.
paratroopers captured Khamis Sirhan al-Muhammad, a former regional
Baath Party chairman and militia commander a former Baath Party
official who was No. 54 on the list of 55 most-wanted figures from
Saddam Hussein's regime.
2004 Jan 11, Danish and
Icelandic troops reported a cache of 36 shells buried in the Iraqi
desert, and preliminary tests showed they contained a liquid blister
agent. The 120mm mortar shells are thought to be left over from the
eight-year war between Iraq and neighboring Iran, which ended in
2004 Jan 12, A roadside bomb
explosion in Baghdad killed one U.S. soldier and wounded two,
bringing the American death toll to nearly 500 since the start of
fighting in March. US soldiers killed an Iraqi man and a boy driving
in a car behind a convoy after a roadside bomb went off nearby.
(AP, 1/12/04)(SFC, 1/13/04, p.A10)
2004 Jan 13, Joe Darby, a US
soldier at Abu Ghraib prison, reported US abuses of Iraqi prisoners.
Criminal charges were lodged against 6 soldiers on Mar 20. In 2005
Spc. Charles Graner was convicted on 5 counts of assault and
sentenced to 10 years in a military stockade. Graner said he had
operated under orders from superior officers.
5/6/04, p.A17)(AP, 1/13/05)(SSFC, 1/16/05, p.A1)
2004 Jan 13, Hostile fire
brought down a U.S. Army Apache attack helicopter in Iraq, but the
two crew members escaped injury.
2004 Jan 14, The US Army
launched an inquiry into conditions at Abu Ghraib prison a day after
photos of abused prisoners were passed up the chain of command.
(WSJ, 5/7/04, p.A1)
2004 Jan 14, In Iraq a suicide
bomber detonated a bomb at a police station in Baquoba that killed 2
passers-by and wounded 26 others.
(SFC, 1/15/04, p.A8)
2004 Jan 15, Iraqi bank notes
bearing Saddam Hussein's portrait became obsolete as a three-month
period to exchange old bills for new ones came to an end. The new
currency required 27 flights of 747 planes for delivery.
(AP, 1/15/04)(WSJ, 1/20/04, p.A14)
2004 Jan 16, Paul Bremmer, the
U.S. administrator in Iraq, said the US will revise its plan to
create self-rule in Iraq, following consultations with President
2004 Jan 16, The US Army
awarded Halliburton a 2-year contract worth up to $1.2 billion to
rebuild the oil industry in southern Iraq.
(SFC, 1/17/04, p.A8)
2004 Jan 17, A roadside bomb
exploded near Baghdad, killing three U.S. soldiers and two Iraqi
civil defense troopers. The number of American service members who
have died since the Iraq war began reached 500.
2004 Jan 17, An explosive
device being transported in a car exploded near a U.S. Army patrol
in Tikrit, killing two men in the vehicle, one of them a relative of
2004 Jan 18, A suicide bomber
blew up a pickup truck packed with 1,000 pounds of explosives
outside the headquarters of the U.S.-led coalition, killed at least
31 people and injuring about 120, most of them Iraqis.
2004 Jan 19, Tens of thousands
of Shiite Muslims marched peacefully in Baghdad to demand an elected
2004 Jan 21, In central Iraq a
barrage of mortar fire struck a US military encampment, killing 2
American soldiers and critically wounding a third. In separate
incidents, gunmen ambushed a vehicle carrying Iraqi women who worked
in the laundry at a US military base, killing 4 of them,
2004 Jan 22, In Iraq gunmen
firing from a van killed two Iraqi policemen and wounded three
others in an attack on a checkpoint between Fallujah and Ramadi.
2004 Jan 23, A bomb planted in
a meeting room exploded after a gathering of the Iraqi Communist
Party, killing two men in an apparent attack on supporters of the
2004 Jan 24, A car bomb
exploded in Khaldiya, a town west of Baghdad, killing three American
soldiers and injuring six soldiers and several Iraqi civilians. A
series of bombings killed 5 U.S. soldiers in the Sunni Triangle.
(AP, 1/25/04)(WSJ, 2/13/04, p.A1)
2004 Jan 25, In northern Iraq a
US helicopter crashed while searching for a river patrol boat that
had capsized on the Tigris. A soldier and 2 pilots were missing. 4
Iraqi policemen manning a checkpoint outside Ramadi west of Baghdad
were killed in a drive-by shooting. Gunmen also killed three
policemen at another checkpoint in Ramadi. US soldiers arrested
nearly 50 people and confiscated weapons in several raids in Iraq's
volatile Sunni Triangle. Another soldier died of wounds from the
previous day's attacks.
(AP, 1/25/04)(AP, 1/26/04)
2004 Jan 27, Roadside bombs
killed 6 US soldiers in 2 blasts outside Baghdad. 2 CNN employees
were killed in an ambush as their crew returned to Baghdad from
(AP, 1/27/04)(SFC, 1/28/04, p.A9)
2004 Jan 27, In central Iraq US
soldiers killed 3 members of a suspected guerrilla cell linked to
the former Baathist regime.
2004 Jan 28, In Iraq some ten
thousand Shiite Muslims protested in the south to demand the
resignation of the U.S.-appointed provincial governor.
2004 Jan 28, In Iraq a suicide
bomber blew up a van disguised as an ambulance in front of the
Shaheen Hotel after speeding through a security barrier in the heart
of Baghdad, killing three people, including a South African, and
(AP, 1/28/04)(SFC, 1/28/04, p.A9)
2004 Jan 28, David Kay, former
head of the CIA's weapons search team in Iraq, told Congress no
weapons of mass destruction had been found and that prewar
intelligence was "almost all wrong." In 2007 Bob Drogin authored
“Curveball: Spies, Lies, and the Con Man Who Caused a War."
Curveball was the code name for an Iraqi chemical engineer who
turned up in Germany in 1999 and served as the source for Iraq’s
chemical and biological weapons pro-grams. In 2011 Rafid Ahmed Alwan
al-Janabi, identified as the informer called "Curveball," said he is
proud that he lied about his country developing mobile biological
(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A22)(WSJ, 10/13/07, p.W8)(Econ,
11/3/07, p.100)(AP, 2/16/11)
2004 Jan 29, In central Iraq a
roadside bomb exploded in Baqouba, wounding 11 Iraqis.
2004 Jan 31, In Iraq a car bomb
targeting a police station in Mosul killed nine people and injured
45 others, while three American soldiers died when a roadside bomb
ripped through their convoy near the oil-rich city of Kirkuk.
2004 Feb 1, In Irbil, Iraq, 2
suicide bombers struck the offices of two U.S.-backed Kurdish
parties in near-simultaneous attacks as hundreds of Iraqis gathered
to celebrate a Muslim holiday. At least 101 people were killed and
more than 235 were wounded. Also about 20 Iraqis were killed when
they accidentally set off an explosion while looting a former Iraqi
munitions dump in the Polish-controlled south-central region of the
(AP, 2/2/04)(WSJ, 2/4/04, p.A1)
2004 Feb 5, U.S. and Iraqi
forces captured more than 100 suspected guerrillas in raids across
the country, arresting one of Saddam Hussein's intelligence chiefs
and another Iraqi believed involved in a suicide bombing last month,
2004 Feb 8, In Suwayrah, Iraq,
a bomb inside a police station exploded soon after the morning roll
call, killing 3 police officer and injuring 11 others.
2004 Feb 8, A UN team met with
Iraqi leaders to discuss the feasibility of early legislative
elections, and its leader pledged to do "everything possible" to
help the country regain its sovereignty.
2004 Feb 10, In Iskandariyah,
Iraq, a car bomb exploded at a police station south of Baghdad as
dozens of would-be recruits lined up to apply for jobs, and a
hospital official said at least 53 people were killed and 50 others
(AP, 2/10/04)(WSJ, 2/11/04, p.A1)
2004 Feb 11, In Iraq a suicide
attacker blew up a car packed with explosives in a crowd of hundreds
of Iraqis waiting outside a Baghdad army recruiting center, killing
47 people in the second bombing in two days.
2004 Feb 14, In Iraq guerrillas
launched a bold daylight assault on an Iraqi police station and
security compound west of Baghdad, freeing prisoners and sparking a
gunbattle that killed 23 people and wounded 33.
(SSFC, 2/15/04, p.A1)(AP, 2/14/05)
2004 Feb 15, Iraqi police
arrested No. 41 on the American military's most-wanted list, Baath
Party official Mohammed Zimam Abdul-Razaq.
2004 Feb 16, In Iraq 3 U.S.
soldiers were killed in roadside bomb blasts. A bomb exploded in a
schoolyard in a Shiite Muslim neighborhood in Baghdad, killing at
least one child and wounding three other people,
(AP, 2/16/04)(SFC, 2/17/04, p.A3)
2004 Feb 17, In Iraq roadside
bombs killed 2 U.S. soldiers in separate attacks in Baghdad and
Sunni Muslim areas to the north of the capital.
2004 Feb 18, In Iraq 2 trucks
packed with explosives blew up outside Hilla, Polish-run base south
of Baghdad, after coalition forces opened fire on the suicide
bombers racing toward them. 11 Iraqi civilians were killed and at
least 64 people were wounded.
(AP, 2/18/04)(SFC, 2/19/04, p.A14)
2004 Feb 19, In Iraq an
explosion ripped through an infantry patrol in an insurgent center
west of Baghdad, killing two U.S. soldiers and injuring another.
2004 Feb 21, The International
Red Cross visited former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein, who was in
2004 Feb 22, Gunmen
attacked Iraqi police in two northern Iraqi cities, sparking clashes
that killed two attackers. Meanwhile, jailed former Iraqi leader
Saddam Hussein wrote a letter to his family for the international
Red Cross to deliver.
2004 Feb 23, In Iraq a suicide
bomber detonated an explosive-packed vehicle outside an Iraqi police
station in a Kurdish neighborhood of Kirkuk, killing at least seven
people and wounding at least 35 others.
2004 Feb 25, Two American
soldiers were killed when their Kiowa helicopter crashed in a river
west of Baghdad. Witnesses indicated that it was shot down. Gunmen
assassinated the deputy police chief in Mosul.
(AP, 2/25/04)(WSJ, 2/26/04, p.A1)
2004 Feb 28, Iraq's U.S.-picked
leaders failed to meet a deadline for adopting an interim
2004 Feb, Ibrahim Awwad Ibrahim
Ali al-Badri al-Samarrai (1971-2019), aka al-Baghdadi, was detained
by US troops and spent 10 months in the Camp Bucca prison in
southern Iraq. He eventually assumed control of the Islamic State of
Iraq, an al-Qaida linked group founded by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, a
Jordanian militant killed in a US airstrike in Iraq in 2006.
2004 Feb, Mohammad Munim
al-Izmerly (65), Iraqi weapons scientist, died while in US custody.
His body was delivered to Al-Kharkh Hospital in Baghdad. The
Egyptian-born scientist had been in US detention since April 2003.
The Americans enclosed a death certificate saying he died of
"brainstem compression." An Investigation into his death was opened
2004 Mar 1, Iraqi politicians
agreed on an interim constitution with 2 official languages, a wide
ranging bill of rights and a single chief executive, bridging a gulf
between members over the role of Islam in the future government.
(AP, 3/1/04)(WSJ, 3/2/04, p.A1)
2004 Mar 2, Attacks on Shiite
Muslims in Iraq killed at least 180 people as multiple explosions
hit Shiite shrines in Baghdad and Karbala on the Shia festival of
Ashura. An Iranian vice president blamed al-Qaida for the attacks.
(AP, 3/3/04)(SSFC, 2/20/05,
2004 Mar 5, The signing of
Iraq's interim constitution was delayed indefinitely after five
Shiite members of the Governing Council rejected concessions made to
Kurds and the makeup of the presidency.
2004 Mar 7, In Iraq insurgents
in a car fired rocket-propelled grenades at a police station in
Mosul, and two Iraqi civilians were killed.
2004 Mar 8, Iraq's Governing
Council signed a landmark interim constitution after resolving a
political impasse sparked by objections from the country's most
2004 Mar 8, Abul Abbas (56),
the Palestinian who planned the 1985 hijacking of the Achille Lauro
passenger ship in which a wheelchair-bound American tourist was
killed and thrown overboard, died of natural causes in Baghdad while
in U.S. custody.
2004 Mar 9, In Iraq 2 US
civilians and their Iraqi interpreter were killed. 4 Iraqis were
arrested and appeared to be active Iraqi police officers working
with a Saddam Hussein loyalist.
(WSJ, 3/12/04, p.A1)(SFC, 3/13/04, p.A3)
2004 Mar 11, In Iraq 2 American
soldiers were killed when the Humvee they were riding in struck a
2004 Mar 13, In Tikrit, Iraq, a
roadside bomb killed two American soldiers and wounded three. 3
American soldiers died in two bomb explosions in Baghdad. A 4th died
from his injuries the next morning.
(AP, 3/13/04)(AP, 3/14/04)
2004 Mar 15, In Iraq 4 American
missionary relief workers were killed in a drive-by shooting in
(SFC, 3/16/04, p.A14)(AP, 3/15/05)
2004 Mar 16, Two contractors,
German and Dutch, working on a water-supply project south of Baghdad
were shot to death, and their deaths brought to six the number of
foreigners killed in drive-by shootings in the past 24 hours.
(AP, 3/16/04)(WSJ, 4/1/04, p.A10)
2004 Mar 17, In Iraq a car bomb
tore apart the five-story Mount Lebanon Hotel in central Baghdad,
killing 7 people. In northeastern Iraq gunmen opened fire on a
minibus, killing three Iraqi journalists and wounding nine other
employees of a coalition-funded TV station. Insurgents killed two
U.S. Marines who were on patrol in al-Anbar province. In Mosul 4 US
Baptist missionaries were killed in a drive-by shooting.
(AP, 3/18/04)(SFC, 3/18/04, p.A1)(AP,
3/19/04)(WSJ, 4/1/04, p.A10)
2004 Mar 18, In Iraq a car bomb
exploded at a hotel in the southern city of Basra as a British
military patrol passed by, killing five Iraqi bystanders. US Army
soldiers shot 2 al-Arabiya television network employees. [see Mar
(AP, 3/18/04)(SFC, 3/30/04, p.A3)
2004 Mar 19, The US Justice
Dept. issued a draft opinion that authorized the agency to transfer
detainees out of Iraq for interrogation.
(SSFC, 10/24/04, p.A1)
2004 Mar 19, In Iraq a reporter
for Arab satellite television station Al-Arabiya died from his
wounds after U.S. soldiers shot him hours earlier along with a
cameraman, who died at the scene.
(AP, 3/19/04)(SFC, 3/30/04, p.A1)
2004 Mar 21, In western Iraq
insurgents fired a rocket at U.S. troops, killing two soldiers,
while in Baghdad rockets fired toward the U.S.-led coalition
headquarters killed two Iraqi civilians and injured a U.S. soldier.
2004 Mar 22, A car bomb blew up
near a U.S. Air Force base north of Baghdad, killing two Iraqi
civilians and wounding 25 others. The U.S. military said a bomb
killed a U.S. soldier and an Iraqi interpreter in Baghdad.
2004 Mar 22, The Finnish
Foreign Ministry said two Finnish businessmen were shot and killed
2004 Mar 23, In Iraq gunmen
opened fire on a van filled with police recruits south of Baghdad,
killing nine. Other assailants shot and killed two policemen, twin
brothers, north of the capital.
2004 Mar 24, In Iraq a gun
battle with insurgents killed one American soldier and three rebels.
2004 Mar 24, Insurgents bombed
an oil well in northern Iraq, sparking a fire that raged for 24
hours before being extinguished.
2004 Mar 25, A U.S. soldier
died in a bombing north of Baghdad amid warnings that attacks will
likely increase with fewer than 100 days left before the coalition
hands over sovereignty.
2004 Mar 26, West of Baghdad,
U.S. Marines and gunmen fought an hour-long battle that left four
Iraqis dead and six wounded. A U.S. Marine and an ABC freelance
cameraman were killed during a bitter, hours-long firefight between
American troops and Iraqi insurgents in the city of Fallujah, while
18 people died in violence elsewhere across Iraq.
(AP, 3/26/04)(AP, 3/27/04)
2004 Mar 28, In Iraq US
soldiers in the northern city of Mosul shot and killed four rebels
suspected of involvement in attacks in the region. Gunmen in Mosul
killed 2 British and Canadian electrical engineers. Coalition forces
closed Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's newspaper, claiming it
incited anti-US violence.
(AP, 3/29/04)(WSJ, 4/1/04, p.A10)(WSJ, 4/19/04,
2004 Mar 30, In Iraq a suicide
bombing outside the house of a police chief killed the attacker and
wounded seven others. Elsewhere, a U.S. soldier died in a bomb
blast, and Spanish soldiers and Iraqi police quelled a riot by
2004 Mar 31, In Fallujah, Iraq,
jubilant residents dragged the charred corpses of 4 American private
security guards, from Blackwater Security Consulting, through the
streets and hanged them from a bridge spanning the Euphrates River.
5 American soldiers died in a roadside bombing nearby. In 2011 a
judge tossed a lawsuit that blamed Blackwater for the deaths of the
(AP, 3/31/04)(SFC, 4/1/04, p.A1)(SFC, 4/2/04,
2004 Mar, The US Army Corps of
Engineers awarded a $40 million contract to global construction and
engineering firm Parsons to design and build an 1,800-inmate lockup
in Iraq to include educational and vocational facilities. Work was
set to begin May 2004 and finish November 2005. The US government
pulled the plug in June 2006, citing "continued schedule slips and
... massive cost overruns." Parsons got $31 million and the other
contractors got $9 million. As of 2008 it was unused with much of
the construction deemed substandard.
2004 Mar-2004 Apr, US forces in
Baghdad detained Pakistani national Dilshad Ahmad. He had served as
a commander of Lashkar-e-Taiba between 1997 and 2001.
(WSJ, 12/8/08, p.A6)
2004 Apr 1, In Iraq insurgents
attacked a U.S. military convoy and a Humvee was burned near
Fallujah, a day after the grisly killing and mutilation of four
American contract workers in the city.
2004 Apr 1, A gas explosion
ripped through a refinery in Iraq while it was being inspected by
Czech engineers, killing one and injuring two others.
2004 Apr 3, In Iraq 2 attacks
on Iraqi police south of Baghdad killed four people. Col. Wissam
Hussein, the police chief of Mahmudiyah, was shot to death by gunmen
dressed as police.
(AP, 4/3/04)(SSFC, 4/4/04, p.A3)
2004 Apr 4, Muqtada al-Sadr
issued a call to his followers to "terrorize your enemy." Gunmen
opened fire on the Spanish garrison in the holy city of Najaf during
a huge demonstration by followers of al-Sadr, an anti-American
Shiite Muslim cleric. An American and Salvadoran soldier were killed
along with 22 Iraqis. More than 130 people were wounded. A car bomb
exploded in Kirkuk, killing three civilians and wounding two others.
7 US soldiers were killed in Baghdad.
(AP, 4/4/04)(SFC, 4/5/04, p.A8)(WSJ, 4/5/04,
p.A1)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2004 Apr 5, Paul Bremer, the
top U.S. administrator in Iraq, declared a radical Shiite cleric an
"outlaw" after his supporters rioted in Baghdad and four other
cities in fighting that killed at least 52 Iraqis, eight U.S. troops
and a Salvadoran soldier. A warrant was issued for al-Sadr related
to the murder of a rival Shiite leader in 2003.
(AP, 4/5/04)(WSJ, 4/6/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 6, Insurgents and
rebellious Shiites mounted a string of attacks across Iraq's south
and U.S. Marines launched a major assault on the turbulent city of
Fallujah. Up to a dozen Marines were killed in Ramadi. Two more
coalition soldiers were reported killed. US warplanes firing rockets
destroyed four houses in the besieged city of Fallujah. A doctor
said 26 Iraqis, including women and children, were killed and 30
wounded in the strike. British troops killed 15 Iraqis in Amara. In
Nasiriya 15 Iraqis were killed in fighting with Italian troops
(AP, 4/6/04)(SFC, 4/7/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 7, U.S. Marines in a
fierce battle for this Sunni Muslim stronghold fired rockets that
hit a mosque compound filled with worshippers, and witnesses said as
many as 40 people were killed. Shiite-inspired violence spread to
nearly all of the country.
2004 Apr 7, Militiamen loyal to
al-Sadr, the radical Shiite cleric, clashed with Polish troops in
Karbala, and Muntadhir al-Mussawi, an aide to the cleric, was
2004 Apr 7, In Iraq 2 German
counter-terrorism GSG-9 security agents were ambushed and went
missing while on a routine trip from Jordan to Baghdad.
2004 Apr 8, Shiite Muslim
militias held partial control over three southern Iraqi cities,
Kufa, Kut and Najaf. Sunni insurgents killed a U.S. Marine in the
battle for Fallujah. In escalating violence, gunmen kidnapped eight
South Korean civilians. The US military announced 5 deaths. The
estimated Iraqi toll was 460.
(AP, 4/8/04)(SFC, 4/9/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/9/04,
2004 Apr 8, In a dramatic
video, Iraqi insurgents revealed they had kidnapped 3 Japanese and
threatened to burn them alive in 3 days unless Japan agrees to
withdraw its troops. The hostages were later released unharmed.
2004 Apr 9, US forces partially
reoccupied Kut, the southern city seized by a rebellious Shiite
militia, but an American-declared halt in Fallujah was undercut by
bursts of gunfire on the first anniversary of the fall of Baghdad. 2
soldiers and a Marine died in separate incidents. Rebels attacked a
convoy near Baghdad's airport and kidnapped 2 US soldiers and 7
construction employees of Halliburton subsidiary KBR. 4 bodies were
found in the area a few days later. The body of civilian truck
driver William Bradley was found in January 2005; Thomas Hamill
escaped his captors in May 2004; Timothy Bell remains unaccounted
for. Army reservist Staff Sgt. Matt Maupin (20) of Batavia, Ohio,
was captured when his fuel convoy, part of the 724th Transportation
Co., was ambushed west of Baghdad. Maupin's remains were found in
March on the outskirts of Baghdad, about 12 miles from where the
convoy was ambushed.
(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A22)(SFC, 4/13/04, p.A1)(SFC,
4/14/04, p.A15)(AP, 4/9/05)(AP, 6/17/06)(WSJ, 4/28/08, p.A2)
2004 Apr 10, Iraqi government
negotiators entered the besieged city of Fallujah as fierce battles
raged elsewhere in central Iraq, including Baghdad. In Baqouba 40
Iraqis were killed. A top Iraqi Red Crescent official and his wife
were killed in an apparent attack on their car in northern Iraq.
2004 Apr 11, Gunmen shot down a
U.S. attack helicopter during fighting in western Baghdad, killing
its two crew members. The bloodied bodies of two men, purportedly
Americans killed during fighting in Fallujah, were shown on Arab TV.
US forces and insurgents agreed to a cease-fire in Fallujah.
(AP, 4/11/04)(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A23)
2004 Apr 12, Gunfire was
largely silenced in the second day of a truce in Fallujah, where
Iraqi doctors said 600 people, including many civilians, were
2004 Apr 13, A 2,500-strong
U.S. force, backed by tanks and artillery, pushed to the outskirts
of the Shiite holy city of Najaf for a showdown with a radical
cleric. One soldier was killed enroute. US forces in Fallujah killed
over 100 insurgents.
(AP, 4/13/04)(SFC, 4/15/04, p.A17)
2004 Apr 13, Four Italians
working as private security guards for a U.S. company in Iraq were
reported missing, and an Arab satellite TV broadcaster said they
were kidnapped by insurgents.
2004 Apr 14, In Iraq U.S.
warplanes and helicopters hammered gunmen in Fallujah, straining a
truce there. A 2,500-strong U.S. force massed on the outskirts of
the holy city of Najaf for a showdown with radical cleric al-Sadr.
Militants executed an Italian captive. A platoon of US Marines came
under assault in Anbar Province. In 2005 Michael M. Phillips
authored “The Gift of Valor," portraits of the men in action on this
day. Cpl. Jason Dunham saved the lives of two of his fellow Marines
by jumping on a grenade during an ambush in Karabilah. Dunham died 8
days later. In 2006 Pres. Bush awarded Dunham a posthumous Medal of
(AP, 4/14/04)(WSJ, 5/31/05, p.D10)(AP,
4/15/04)(http://tinyurl.com/yzc8gh)(WSJ, 1/6/06, p.A1)
2004 Apr 14, The UN emissary to
Iraq proposed a caretaker government to replace the Governing
Council on June 30 to shepherd the country to free election in Jan
(SFC, 4/15/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 14, Russia said it
will begin the evacuation of some of its citizens from Iraq on in
light of the deteriorating security situation in that country.
2004 Apr 15, In Iraq 3 Japanese
hostages who had been threatened with death unless Tokyo withdrew
its troops from Iraq were released.
2004 Apr 15, Gunmen killed a
high-ranking Iranian diplomat in Baghdad.
2004 Apr 15, A U.S. businessman
was abducted from his hotel in the southern city of Basra by
kidnappers disguised as policemen.
2004 Apr 16, Pres. Bush said he
is handing over the lead role in the Iraqi political transition to
the UN's top envoy. Pres. Bush and British PM Tony Blair, meeting in
Washington, endorsed giving the UN broad control over Iraq's
(SFC, 4/17/04, p.A1)(AP, 4/16/05)
2004 Apr 16, Videotape
broadcast on the Arab TV station Al-Jazeera showed Army Pvt. 1st
Class Keith M. Maupin, abducted during an attack on a fuel truck
convoy near Baghdad a week earlier. Arab television reported June
29, 2004, that Maupin had been killed; he is listed as missing by
the U.S. military.
2004 Apr 16, In Iraq U.S.
military and civilian officials met with leaders from Fallujah, the
first known direct negotiations between Americans and city
representatives since the siege of Fallujah began April 5.
2004 Apr 16, Two Iraqi
civilians were killed and four wounded when 122 mm rockets fired by
insurgents fell short of a military camp and hit a civilian area.
2004 Apr 17, Ten U.S. troops
were killed in combat across Iraq, including five U.S. Marines
killed in pitched battles near the Syrian border, and an eleventh
soldier died in a tank rollover.
2004 Apr 17, Iraqi gunmen
opened fire on a coalition military patrol outside of the encircled
southern city of Najaf, killing one soldier. 2 gunmen were killed.
2004 Apr 19, In Iraq US
officials and local leaders in Fallujah agreed to a number of
measures to reduce tensions.
(SFC, 4/20/04, p.A1)(AP, 11/20/08)
2004 Apr 19, Honduras President
Ricardo Maduro announced the pullout of his 370 troops from Iraq "in
the shortest time possible."
(AP, 4/20/04)(WSJ, 4/20/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 20, In Iraq a barrage
of 18 mortars hit a Baghdad jail, killing 21 prisoners.
2004 Apr 21, In Basra, Iraq, 5
suicide attackers detonated simultaneous car bombs against 3 police
buildings during rush hour, killing at least 74 people, including 23
(AP, 4/21/04)(SFC, 4/22/04, p.A1)(AP, 4/21/05)
2004 Apr 21, U.S Marines backed
by tanks and helicopter gunships battled insurgents in northern
Fallujah, killing nine.
2004 Apr 22, The Iraqi health
minister said that 576 Iraqi insurgents and civilians had died
during the sharp upturn in violence since April 1 that has also
taken the lives of at least 100 U.S. soldiers.
2004 Apr 22, A gunman in
traditional Arab robe and headdress shot and killed a South African
security guard in a Baghdad shop after accusing him of being a Jew.
2004 Apr 23, Paul Bremmer, the
top U.S. administrator in Iraq, announced an easing of the ban on
members of Saddam Hussein's disbanded party, a move that will allow
thousands of former Baathists to return to their positions in the
military and government bureaucracy.
2004 Apr 24, Insurgents struck
a U.S. military base north of Baghdad with rockets at dawn, killing
4 American soldiers. A rocket crashed into a crowded market in the
Iraqi capital, killing at least three people. In addition up to 12
Iraqis were killed in several attacks, including an apparent suicide
car bombing in Tikrit. At least 33 Iraqis died this day in multiple
(AP, 4/24/04)(SSFC, 4/25/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 24, Three small dhows,
a boat often used in the Gulf, exploded in the Gulf waters off
Iraq's port of Umm Qasr when approached by teams sent to intercept
them. Oil terminals at al-Basra and Khawr al-Amaya were targeted.
The dhow near Khawr al-Amaya flipped over a U.S. Navy interception
craft, killing 2 US sailors and wounding five others. Al Qaeda later
(AP, 4/25/04)(WSJ, 4/27/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 25, A roadside bomb
exploded by a U.S. patrol in Baghdad, killing a U.S. soldier and
sparking a gunbattle.
2004 Apr 26, In Baghdad, Iraq,
an explosion leveled part of a building as American troops searched
it for suspected production of "chemical munitions." 2 soldiers were
killed and 5 wounded in the blast. In a Fallujah suburb 1 Marine was
killed along with 8 insurgents.
(AP, 4/26/04)(SFC, 4/27/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 26, Iraqi kidnappers
said they would kill 3 Italian hostages unless Italians rally
against Italy's participation in the occupation of Iraq.
(SFC, 4/27/04, p.A8)
2004 Apr 27, It was reported
that ten US contractors in Iraq have paid over $300 million in
penalties since 2000 to resolve various allegations.
(SFC, 4/27/04, p.C1)
2004 Apr 27, US troops fought
gunbattles with militiamen overnight near the city of Najaf, killing
64 gunmen and destroying an anti-aircraft system belonging to the
2004 Apr 27, Iraqi police moved
into the streets of the besieged city of Fallujah following hours of
pounding by US warplanes and artillery on Sunni insurgents.
2004 Apr 28, In Iraq a series
of explosions and gunfire rocked Fallujah in new fighting the day
after a heavy battle in which U.S. warplanes and artillery pounded
the city in a show of force against Sunni insurgents. Elsewhere 1 US
and 2 Ukrainian soldiers were killed.
(AP, 4/28/04)(WSJ, 4/29/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 28, CBS broadcast
photos on “60 Minutes" showing US abuse of prisoners at Abu Ghraib
(SFC, 5/6/04, p.A17)
2004 Apr 29, U.S. Marines
announced an agreement to end a bloody, nearly month long siege of
Fallujah, saying American forces will pull back and allow an
all-Iraqi force commanded by one of Saddam Hussein's generals to
take over security. Elsewhere 10 U.S. soldiers were killed, 8 of
them from a car bomb south of Baghdad.
(AP, 4/29/04)(WSJ, 4/30/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 30, Graphic
photographs were shown on TV screens across the Middle East of naked
Iraqi prisoners being humiliated by smiling U.S. military police.
Pres. Bush condemned the mistreatment of prisoners, saying it "does
not reflect the nature of the American people."
2004 Apr 30, Iraqi troops led
by Maj. Gen. Jassim Mohammed Saleh (49), one of Saddam Hussein's
generals, replaced U.S. Marines and raised the Iraqi flag at the
entrance to Fallujah under a plan to end the month long siege of the
city. A suicide car bomb on the outskirts killed two Americans and
wounded six. Saleh was replaced May 3 by Muhammad Latif, a former
Iraqi intelligence officer.
(AP, 4/30/04)(SFC, 5/4/04, p.A11)
2004 Apr 30, U.S. troops and
radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr agreed to a three-day truce in
negotiations to end the standoff at Najaf.
2004 Apr 30, The Associated
Press found that around 1,361 Iraqis were killed from April 1 to
April 30, 10 times the figure of at least 136 U.S. troops who died
during the same period.
2004 Apr, Thamir Mubarak
Atrouz, the mastermind behind 2 deadly suicide attacks, August 19
and 29, 2003, was killed in Fallujah. Al-Qaida in Iraq reported his
death in November 2005.
2004 May 1, Photos were widely
published showing abuse by US soldiers of Iraqi prisoners at the Abu
Ghraib prison in Nov and Dec of 2003.
(SFC, 5/1/04, p.A12)
2004 May 1, In Iraq US top
commander Lt. Gen. Sanchez notified 6 officers of his intent to
issue a memorandum of reprimand for the abuse of prisoners at the
Abu Ghraib prison.
(SFC, 5/4/04, p.A1)
2004 May 2, American hostage
Thomas Hamill, kidnapped three weeks ago in an insurgent attack on
his convoy, was found by U.S. forces south of Tikrit after he
apparently escaped from his captors.
2004 May 2, Shiite militiamen
attacked a U.S. convoy in southern Iraq, killing two soldiers and
setting vehicles on fire. Two other American soldiers were killed in
Baghdad. At least 9 US soldiers were killed across central and
(AP, 5/2/04)(SFC, 5/3/04, p.A1)
2004 May 3, Militiamen pounded
a U.S. base in the most intense attacks yet on U.S. troops in the
Shiite city of Najaf. US troops killed 20 Shiite militiamen in
Najaf. Insurgents opened fire in the Baghdad, killing one American
soldier and wounding two others.
(AP, 5/3/04)(WSJ, 5/4/04, p.A1)
2004 May 4, Shiite militiamen
fired several mortar shells at a U.S. base in Najaf and at a city
hall guarded by Bulgarian troops in another Shiite city. Elsewhere,
four U.S. soldiers died after their Humvee overturned during a
2004 May 4, The US Army
disclosed that the deaths of 10 prisoners and abuse of 10 more in
Iraq and Afghanistan were under criminal investigation, as US
commanders in Baghdad announced interrogation changes.
2004 May 5, Pres. Bush gave
interviews to 2 Arab-language networks saying he and the American
people were appalled by the revelations of prisoner mistreatment in
(SFC, 5/6/04, p.A1)
2004 May 5, Coalition forces
raided buildings used by a militia loyal to a radical Shiite cleric
in two southern cities and clashed with militiamen elsewhere in
fighting that killed 15 Iraqis.
2004 May 6, Pres. Bush told
King Abdullah II of Jordan that he was sorry for the mistreatment of
Iraqi prisoners by US guards.
(SFC, 5/7/04, p.A1)
2004 May 6, An audio recording
attributed to Osama bin Laden offered rewards in gold for the
killing of top U.S. and U.N. officials in Iraq or of the citizens of
any nation fighting there.
2004 May 6, A suicide attacker
detonated a car bomb outside the so-called Green Zone that houses
the U.S. headquarters in Baghdad, killing five Iraqi civilians and a
U.S. soldier. U.S. soldiers backed by tanks and armored fighting
vehicles seized control of the governor's office from Shiite
militiamen in the city of Najaf. As many as 41 Iraqis were killed in
(AP, 5/6/04)(SFC, 5/7/04, p.A17)
2004 May 7, Army Pvt. 1st Class
Lynndie England, shown in photographs smiling and pointing at naked
Iraqi prisoners, was charged by the military with assaulting the
detainees and conspiring to mistreat them, becoming the seventh
soldier charged in the scandal.
2004 May 7, In Iraq gunmen
ambushed a Polish TV crew south of Baghdad, killing a producer and a
correspondent who was Poland's best-known war reporter.
2004 May 8, Gunmen loyal to
radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr rampaged through Basra and
Amarah, attacking British patrols and government buildings.
Witnesses in Basra reported 9 militiamen killed in the fighting. One
child was killed when his house was struck by a projectile.
Attackers in Habhab set off a bomb outside the house of a police
official killing three members of his family and wounding three
others. A pipeline was bombed and slowed the flow of export oil by
as much as 25%.
(AP, 5/8/04)(SFC, 5/11/04, p.A9)
2004 May 9, U.S. and British
troops clashed with forces of radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr
for a second day. 4 Iraqis were killed in an explosion in a Baghdad
market. Militants loyal to al-Sadr took over Sadr City.
(AP, 5/9/04)(SFC, 5/10/04, p.A1)(SFC, 5/11/04,
2004 May 10, A U.S. aircraft
destroyed a Baghdad office of Muqtada al-Sadr. His followers said
two people were killed and six injured. US military said as many as
35 Al-Sadr supporters were killed. Gunmen fired on a vehicle in the
northern oil city of Kirkuk, killing two foreign construction
workers and their Iraqi driver.
(AP, 5/10/04)(SFC, 5/11/04, p.A9)(USAT, 5/11/04,
2004 May 10, In Iraq one
Russian worker was killed and two were taken hostage 18 miles south
2004 May 11, A video, posted on
an al-Qaida-linked Web site, showed the beheading of Nick Berg, an
American civilian in Iraq. The execution was carried out to
avenge abuses of Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison. Abu Musab
al-Zarqawi, aka Ahmad Fadhil al Khalayeh, was later identified as
the beheader. Nick Berg (26) was from West Chester, Pa.
(AP, 5/11/04)(SFC, 5/12/04, p.A1)(SFC, 5/14/04,
p.A13)(ST, 5/14/04, p.A17)
2004 May 11, A bomb in a
crowded market in Kirkuk killed 4 Iraqis and wounded 3.
(WSJ, 5/18/04, p.A3)
2004 May 12, In Iraq US
soldiers backed by tanks and helicopters battled fighters loyal to a
radical cleric near a mosque in Karbala, hours after Iraqi leaders
agreed on a proposal that would end his standoff. As many as 25
insurgents were killed.
2004 May 14, The Pentagon
announced that Lt. Gen. Ricardo Sanchez, the top US commander in
Iraq, had banned virtually all coercive interrogation practices on
(SFC, 5/15/04, p.A1)
2004 May 14, Britain's Daily
Mirror newspaper published a front-page apology after photographs
purportedly showing British forces abusing Iraqi prisoners turned
out to be fake.
2004 May 14, In Iraq 4 people
were detained in Salaheddin province for the killing of American
Nicholas Berg, whose decapitation was captured on videotape. The
informant who tipped off authorities was killed by unidentified
gunmen the day after the arrests.
2004 May 14, In Iraq British
troops engaged in a battle near the town of at Al Majar Al Kabir. In
2008 lawyers released evidence that they said shows British soldiers
may have tortured and executed up to 20 Iraqis after the battle of
Danny Boy. On Feb 4, 2013, Britain’s Al-Sweady Inquiry began oral
hearings in the case.
(AP, 2/22/08)(AP, 3/4/13)
2004 May 15, U.S. forces fought
militiamen loyal to radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in Karbala, while
insurgents in the northern city of Mosul attacked an Iraqi army
recruiting center, killing four people and wounding 19.
2004 May 15, In Iraq a U.S.
soldier was killed and another was wounded in a roadside bombing.
The death brought to 776 the number of U.S. service members who have
died since the start of military operations in Iraq last year. Of
those, 566 died from hostile action and 210 died of non-hostile
causes. At least 38 Iraqis were killed over the last 24 hours.
(AP, 5/16/04)(SSFC, 5/16/04, p.A3)
2004 May 15, In Iraq a US
patrol was hit by a roadside bomb in Baghdad that contained the
nerve agent sarin. This was the first case of an IUD used to
disperse a nerve agent. In 2014 Staff Sgt. James Burns and Pfc.
Michael Yandell, wounded in the attack, shared their story in a NY
(SSFC, 12/7/14, p.A19)
2004 May 16, Gunmen In Baghdad
fired on a minibus, killing two Iraqi women who worked for the
U.S.-led coalition. Assailants in a southern city killed a coalition
translator and critically injured another.
2004 May 17, Abdel-Zahraa
Othman, also known as Izzadine Saleem, the head of the Iraqi
Governing Council, was killed in a suicide car bombing near a
checkpoint outside the coalition headquarters in central Baghdad. 8
others were also killed.
(AP, 5/17/04)(WSJ, 5/18/04, p.A3)
2004 May 17, Two Russian
workers held hostage in Iraq for a week were freed.
2004 May 18, Before dawn U.S.
troops killed nine fighters loyal to al-Sadr in Karbala. Ten Iraqi
fighters were wounded in the clashes near the city's Imam Hussein
and Imam Abbas shrines. At least five Iraqi insurgents were killed
during clashes in Karbala later in the day.
2004 May 19, US Army Spc.
Jeremy C. Sivits received the maximum penalty, one year in prison,
reduction in rank and a bad conduct discharge, in the first
court-martial stemming from mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners at the
Abu Ghraib prison.
2004 May 19, In Iraq US bombing
killed up to 45 people, mostly women and children from the Bou Fahad
tribe, at Mogr el-Deeb near the Syrian border. Witnesses said the
site was a wedding celebration while US officials called it a way
station for infiltrators.
(AP, 5/20/04)(SFC, 5/20/04, p.A1)
2004 May 20, Iraqi police
backed by American soldiers raided the home and offices of Ahmad
Chalabi, a prominent Iraqi politician.
2004 May 21, American AC-130
gunships and tanks bombarded militia positions near two shrines in
the holy city of Karbala, killing 18 fighters loyal to a rebel
2004 May 22, In Baghdad a car
bomb exploded outside the home of a deputy interior minister,
wounding him and killing at least five people, including four
2004 May 23, In Iraq US troops
battled fighters loyal to a radical Muslim cleric in his stronghold
of Kufa, and at least 32 insurgents and three civilians were killed.
Gunmen killed a police captain and a university student who were
headed by car to Baghdad from Baqouba. Insurants loyal to al-Sadr
gave up control of central Karbala.
(AP, 5/23/04)(SFC, 5/24/04, p.A1)
2004 May 24, In Iraq an
explosion destroyed a civilian car with armor plating near an
entrance to the headquarters of the U.S.-led coalition, killing four
people including two British civilians. An Associated Press survey
found that more than 5,500 Iraqis died violently in just Baghdad and
three provinces in the first 12 months of the occupation.
2004 May 24, Pres. Bush offered
a 5 step plan in Iraq: 1) hand over authority to a sovereign Iraqi
government; 2) Help establish security; 3) Continue rebuilding the
infrastructure; 4) Encourage more int’l. support; 5) Move toward a
(SFC, 5/25/04, p.A1)
2004 May 25, In Iraq with U.S.
Marines gone and central government authority virtually nonexistent,
Fallujah resembles an Islamic mini-state and anyone caught selling
alcohol is flogged and paraded in the city.
2004 May 25, A sacred shrines
in Najaf suffered minor damage during clashes between U.S. forces
and radical Shiite militiamen that killed at least 13 Iraqis, some
of them civilians.
2004 May 26, U.S. troops
captured a key lieutenant of radical Shiite leader Muqtada al-Sadr
during overnight clashes in Najaf that killed 24 people and wounded
2004 May 26, In Iraq masked
gunmen attacked Russian technicians heading to work at a major
electric power station, killing two of them. In Moscow, the firm's
executive director, Alexander Rybinsky, announced the full
evacuation of company personnel from Iraq. Some 241 employees are
expected to start leaving.
2004 May 27, The U.S.-led
coalition agreed to suspend offensive operations in Najaf after
local leaders struck a deal with radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr to
end a bloody standoff.
(AP, 5/27/04)(SFC, 5/28/04, p.A1)
2004 May 27, In Iraq gunmen
south of Baghdad attacked a car carrying Japanese journalists
Shinsuke Hashida (61) and his nephew, Kotaro Ogawa (33). The vehicle
burst into flames and both were killed.
2004 May 28, The Iraqi
Governing Council nominated one of its own members, Iyad Allawi, a
Shiite Muslim physician who spent years in exile, to become prime
minister of the new government to take power June 30.
2004 May 31, U.S. troops
clashed with Shiite militiamen in the holy city of Kufa for a second
day in fighting that killed two Americans. In Baghdad, a car bomb
exploded near the headquarters of the U.S. coalition, killing at
least two people and injuring more than 20.
2004 Jun 1, Ghazi Mashal Ajil
al-Yawer, a tribal chief, was named interim president of Iraq.
2004 Jun 1, In Iraq bombs
exploded in central Baghdad and near a U.S. military base in the
northern city of Beiji. At least 14 people were killed.
(AP, 6/1/04)(SFC, 6/2/04, A13)
2004 Jun 2, Militants loyal to
Muqtada al-Sadr clashed with U.S. forces near a mosque in Kufa and
in Baghdad. Officials said 6 Iraqis were killed and 40 others
2004 Jun 3, Several mortar
shells were fired at the Italian Embassy in Baghdad, causing some
2004 Jun 4, American and Shiite
militia forces agreed to withdraw from the holy cities of Najaf and
Kufa and turn over security to Iraqi police. 5 Americans were killed
and 5 wounded in 3 clashes in Sadr City. US combat deaths reached
(AP, 6/4/04)(SFC, 6/5/04, A1)
2004 Jun 5, In Iraq a roadside
bomb killed an American soldier and wounded 3 others in the 2nd
fatal attack on U.S. troops in Baghdad in as many days. Iraq's new
leader called for a halt to attacks on foreign troops.
2004 Jun 5, In Iraq 8 people
stormed into a police station south of Baghdad, opened fire and
killed seven officers before planting explosives to destroy the
2004 Jun 6, A car bomb exploded
near the gate to a U.S.-run base north of Baghdad, killing six
people and injuring 20 others. Assailants ambushed a convoy of
security contractors traveling to Baghdad's airport, killing 2
Americans and 2 Poles working for a U.S. security company. The US
military free 320 prisoners at Abu Ghraib leaving some 3,100.
Attacks over the last 24 hours killed at least 21 people.
(AP, 6/6/04)(SFC, 6/7/04, A10)
2004 Jun 7, In Iraq 9 militias
agreed to disband in exchange for veteran’s pensions, jobs and other
rewards. The Mahdi Army of al-Sadr was not included.
(SFC, 6/8/04, A6)
2004 Jun 8, Iraqi officials
declared that the interim government has assumed full control of the
country's oil industry.
2004 Jun 8, In Iraq 3 Italians
and a Polish contractor who'd been abducted were freed by US special
2004 Jun 8, In Iraq 2 car bombs
exploded in Mosul and Baquoba, killing at least 14 Iraqis and one
U.S. soldier. 6 coalition soldiers, two Poles, three Slovaks and a
Latvian, were killed in an explosion while defusing mines in
2004 Jun 8, The UN voted 15-0
to accept a US and British resolution to end the formal
co-occupation of Iraq on June 30.
(SFC, 6/9/04, A1)
2004 Jun 9, Kurdish parties
warned that they might bolt Iraq's new government if Shiites gain
too much power. Saboteurs blew up an oil pipeline, forcing a 10
percent cut in electricity output.
2004 Jun 9, In Fallujah a
mortar attack killed 12 members of the Iraqi security force.
(WSJ, 6/10/04, p.A1)
2004 Jun 10, In Iraq Shiite
gunmen seized a police station in Najaf. 4 Iraqis were killed and 13
2004 Jun 11, In Iraq gunmen
stormed a police station south of Baghdad, drove off the poorly
armed police and blew up the building in the 4th such attack against
Iraqi security installations over the last week.
2004 Jun 11, Al-Sharqiya (The
Eastern), a privately owned TV operation, began broadcasting in
Iraq. Founder Saad al-Bazzaz (54) invested $30 million in start-up
(WSJ, 8/22/05, p.B1)
2004 Jun 12, In Iraq gunmen
killed Bassam Salih Kubba, a deputy foreign minister as he went to
work in Baghdad.
2004 Jun 12, A Lebanese Foreign
Ministry official said Iraqi gunmen had kidnapped three Lebanese in
Iraq and killed one of them.
2004 Jun 13, A suicide attacker
detonated a car bomb near a U.S. military camp in Baghdad, killing
at least 12 people, and wounding 13. Gunmen killed a senior
Education Ministry official in the second assassination of a
government figure in as many days.
2004 Jun 14, The US military
released hundreds of prisoners from Abu Ghraib prison.
2004 Jun 14, A car bomb tore
through a convoy in central Baghdad, killing at least 12 people,
including an American and four other foreigners working to rebuild
Iraq's power plants.
2004 Jun 14, The bodies of 6
Shiite truck drivers were found at a morgue in Ramadi, west of
Fallujah. They had sought refuge in a police station but were handed
over to a hard-line Sunni cleric because they were Shiites.
2004 Jun 15, Iraq's interim
government received a boost when its neighbors welcomed the transfer
of sovereignty in that country at the end of June. Two explosions on
pipelines in southern Iraq shut down the main export terminal. At
least 4 contract workers were killed in a convoy ambush near Baghdad
(AP, 6/15/04)(SFC, 6/16/04, p.A18)
2004 Jun 16, Saboteurs blasted
a southern pipeline for the 2nd time in as many days, shutting down
Iraq's oil exports. Gunmen killed a security chief for the state-run
Northern Oil Co.
2004 Jun 17, In Iraq 2 car
bombings killed 41 people and wounding 142. A sport utility vehicle
packed with artillery shells blew up in a crowd of people waiting to
volunteer for the Iraqi military. Another car bomb north of the
capital killed six members of the Iraqi security forces.
(AP, 6/17/04)(WSJ, 6/18/04, p.A1)
2004 Jun 18, Insurgents clashed
with U.S. forces northeast of Baghdad for the second time in as many
days, and two of the militants were killed.
2004 Jun 19, A US military
plane fired missiles into a residential neighborhood in Fallujah,
killing 26 people and leveling houses. The target was a hideout of
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi's terror network. 23 of the 26 killed were
foreign terrorists. 3 Iraqis were among the dead.
(AP, 6/19/04)(SFC, 6/21/04, p.A7)
2004 Jun 20, In Iraq a roadside
bomb exploded along a highway leading to Baghdad's airport, killing
two Iraqi soldiers and wounding 11 others.
2004 Jun 20, The Arab satellite
TV network Al-Jazeera aired a videotape purportedly from
al-Qaida-linked militants showing Kim Sun Il (33), a South Korean
hostage, begging for his life and pleading with his government to
withdraw troops from Iraq.
(AP, 6/21/04)(SFC, 6/21/04, p.A7)
2004 Jun 20, Iraq resumed oil
exports of about 1 million barrels a day through its southern Basra
terminal after completing repairs to pipelines sabotaged by
2004 Jun 21, In Iraq ambushes
in Ramadi left 4 US soldiers dead. A roadside bomb south of Mosul
killed 5 Iraqi contractors.
(SFC, 6/22/04, p.D1)
2004 Jun 22, Islamic militants
beheaded a South Korean who pleaded in a heart-wrenching videotape
that "I don't want to die" after his government refused to pull its
troops from Iraq. Hours later, the United States launched an
airstrike in Fallujah, where residents said the strike hit a parking
lot. 3 people were killed and 9 wounded. Elsewhere 2 American
soldiers were killed and one wounded in an attack on a convoy near
Balad, 50 miles north of Baghdad. In 2006 it was reported that Spc.
Patrick Ryan McCaffrey and 2nd Lt. Andre Demetrius Tyson had been
killed by Iraqi soldiers patrolling alongside US soldiers near
(AP, 6/22/04)(SFC, 6/21/06, p.A1)
2004 Jun 23, In Iraq Polish
forces purchased 17 rockets for a Soviet-era launcher and two mortar
rounds containing the nerve agent cyclosarin for an undisclosed sum.
2004 Jun 24, Western advisers
completed their handover Iraq’s remaining government ministries. The
final 11 of 25 were handed over 6 days before the official end of
(SFC, 6/25/04, p.A13)
2004 Jun 24, Insurgents
launched coordinated attacks against police and government buildings
across Iraq. The strikes killed over 105 people, including three
American soldiers. In Mosul alone 4 car bombs killed 62 people.
(AP, 6/24/04)(SFC, 6/25/04, p.A1)
2004 Jun 25, US air strikes hit
Fallujah and up to 25 people were killed. Al-Sadr announced a
unilateral cease fire.
(SFC, 6/26/04, p.A13)
2004 Jun 26, Insurgents
launched attacks in the strife-ridden city of Baqouba, and nine
people died, six of them insurgents. Attacks occurred in other
cities north and south of Baghdad.
2004 Jun 26, In Iraq explosions
that rocked the center of the predominantly Shiite Muslim city of
Hillah killed 40 people and injured 22.
2004 Jun 27, Insurgents
threatened to behead Cpl. Wassef Ali Hassoun, a U.S. Marine who'd
vanished in Iraq, in a videotape that aired on Arab television.
However, Hassoun contacted American officials in his native Lebanon
the following month; after being reunited with his family in Utah,
Hassoun disappeared in December.
2004 Jun 28, The U.S.-led
coalition in a surprise move, transferred sovereignty to an interim
Iraqi government two days early.
2004 Jun 28, NATO leaders
agreed to help train Iraq's armed forces just hours after the new
government in Baghdad took over sovereignty from the U.S.-led
2004 Jun 30, The Iraqis took
legal custody of Saddam Hussein and 11 of his top lieutenants, a
first step toward the ousted dictator's expected trial for crimes
2004 Jul 1, A defiant Saddam
Hussein rejected charges of war crimes and genocide in a court
appearance, telling a judge "this is all theater, the real criminal
2004 Jul 1, In Iraq US jets
pounded a suspected safehouse of terrorist Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in
2004 Jul 3, Insurgents attacked
an Iraqi checkpoint south of the capital, killing five national
guard soldiers and wounding five more.
2004 Jul 4, The Army's 1st
Armored Division stowed its flags and prepared to head home after
the longest tour in Iraq of any American combat command — 15 months.
2004 Jul 5, US-led coalition
forces launched an air strike in the restive city of Fallujah on a
suspected safe house used by followers of al-Zarqawi. The attack
killed 15 people.
2004 Jul 5, Rwaida Al Shemre
(33), an Iraqi interpreter for the US 3rd Batalion, was assassinated
as she was driven to work.
(SSFC, 8/1/04, p.A1)
2004 Jul 6, A group of armed,
masked Iraqi men threatened to kill Jordanian militant Abu Musab
al-Zarqawi if he did not immediately leave the country, accusing him
of murdering innocent Iraqis and defiling the Muslim religion.
2004 Jul 6, In Iraq a car bomb
exploded in the town of Khalis, killing 13 people attending a wake
for the victims of a previous attack.
2004 Jul 7, The Iraqi
government issued a long-anticipated package of security laws to
help crush insurgents, including a provision allowing interim PM
Iyad Allawi to impose martial law. 4 Iraqi National Guard soldiers
were killed and 20 injured from a gunbattle in central Baghdad.
(AP, 7/7/04)(SFC, 7/8/04, p.A15)
2004 Jul 8, In Iraq insurgents
hit a military compound in Samarra with a car bomb and mortar fire.
5 US soldiers were killed and 20 wounded.
(SFC, 7/9/04, p.A14)
2004 Jul 9, In Baghdad, Iraq, 2
mortar shells targeting a hotel housing foreigners in the capital
hit a house instead, killing a child and wounding three others.
2004 Jul 9, Cpl. Wassef Ali
Hassoun (24) arrived in Germany from Lebanon, where he had turned up
at the US Embassy in Beirut a day earlier. He had been missing since
June 20 from his base near the troubled Iraqi city of Fallujah. The
Pentagon announced that Hassoun would be charged with desertion,
larceny and wrongful disposition of military property in connection
with his service-issued M9 pistol that disappeared with him and
never turned up. On January 4, 2005, he was again labeled a deserter
after failing to return to his base at Camp Lejeune in North
Carolina from authorized leave. He was reportedly in Lebanon.
(AP, 7/10/04)(SFC, 7/9/04,
2004 Jul 10, In Iraq US Marines
clashed with insurgents in Ramadi, a city known as a stronghold of
Saddam Hussein supporters, killing 3 of the attackers and wounding 5
others. Saboteurs attacked a natural gas pipeline that feeds into a
northern power station.
2004 Jul 10, Four U.S. Marines
were killed in a vehicle accident while conducting security
operations in Anbar, an area of western Iraq.
2004 Jul 11, Insurgents
ambushed 2 US military patrols north of Baghdad and killed 3 US
soldiers and an Iraqi civilian.
(AP, 7/11/04)(SSFC, 7/11/04, p.A8)
2004 Jul 11, Gunmen killed the
head of a regional office of one Iraq's largest Shiite parties in a
drive-by shooting south of the capital.
2004 Jul 12, Iraqi police in
Baghdad jailed over 500 criminal suspects in a large anti-crime
offensive. 1 suspect was killed in the crime-ridden Bab al-Sheikh
(USAT, 7/4/04, p.5A)
2004 Jul 13, American troops in
Afghanistan numbered about 17,000 with some 140,000 serving in Iraq.
(WSJ, 7/13/04, p.A1)
2004 Jul 14, In Iraq a suicide
attacker detonated a massive car bomb at a checkpoint near the
British Embassy and the interim government's headquarters in
Baghdad, killing 11 people.
(SFC, 7/14/04, p.A12)(AP, 7/14/05)
2004 Jul 14, Militants in Iraq
said they killed a captive Bulgarian truck driver and threatened to
put another hostage to death in 24 hours.
2004 Jul 14, Gov. Osama Youssef
Kashmoula, a university professor, was gunned down as his convoy
traveled to Baghdad for meetings with police officials on improving
2004 Jul 14, Mortar fire
destroyed a cigarette filter factory in Baghdad putting some 1,200
Iraqis out of work.
(SFC, 7/22/04, p.A13)
2004 Jul 15, In Iraq attackers
detonated a car bomb near police and government buildings in the
western city of Haditha, killing 10 people. PM Alawi announced the
formation of a new national security agency to fight the insurgency.
(AP, 7/15/04)(SFC, 7/16/04, p.A12)
2004 Jul 17, A car bomb struck
the Iraqi justice minister's convoy as it passed through western
Baghdad, killing four of his bodyguards. The minister was unhurt in
the blast. A roadside bomb hit a U.S. convoy, killing one U.S.
2004 Jul 18, Militants killed
Essam al-Dijaili, the head of Iraq’s military's supply department,
in a drive-by shooting as he walked into his house in Baghdad.
2004 Jul 18, American jets hit
a position in Fallujah purportedly used by foreign militants,
demolishing a house and killing 14 people.
2004 Jul 19, Iraq announced the
appointment of 43 new ambassadors in its first move to re-engage
with the world.
2004 Jul 19, An Egyptian truck
driver held hostage for two weeks by insurgents in Iraq was freed
and taken to the Egyptian Embassy.
2004 Jul 19, A suicide bomber
in a fuel truck blew it up at a police station in southwest Baghdad,
killing nine people and wounding about 60.
2004 Jul 19, The Philippines
said that it has completed the withdrawal of its peacekeeping
contingent from Iraq.
2004 Jul 20, A Filipino truck
driver held hostage in Iraq for nearly two weeks was freed, a day
after his nation withdrew its final peacekeepers from Iraq.
2004 Jul 20, A bomb attack on
an Iraqi minibus killed four civilians and injured two others near
2004 Jul 21, Insurgents in Iraq
said they have kidnapped 6 more foreign hostages, 3 Indians, 2
Kenyans and an Egyptian. They threatened to behead one every 72
hours unless their employer shuts down operations in Iraq.
(SFC, 7/22/04, p.A1)
2004 Jul 21, Fighting between
US troops and insurgents in Ramadi left 25 Iraqis dead and 17
wounded. A decapitated corpse was found in Baiji.
(SFC, 7/23/04, p.A3)
2004 Jul 22, It was reported
that over 200 doctors had been kidnapped in Iraq since the end of
the war and that an estimated 10-30 kidnappings take place every
day, mostly in Baghdad.
(WSJ, 7/22/04, p.A1)
2004 Jul 23, Gunmen in Mosul
attacked a retired Iraqi general as he headed to a mosque to pray,
killing him and another man. Maj. Gen. Salim Majeed Blesh (58) had
worked for the former U.S. occupation government.
2004 Jul 23, Iraqi insurgents
in Baghdad kidnapped Muhammad Mamdouh Qutb, a 3rd ranking official
of the Egyptian Embassy, demanding his country abandon any plans it
had to send security experts to Iraq.
(SFC, 7/24/04, p.A13)(AP, 7/23/05)
2004 Jul 23, A van carrying
Iraqi civilians collided with a U.S. tank near Baghdad, killing nine
people and injuring 10.
2004 Jul 24, Gunmen kidnapped
the head of an Iraqi government-owned construction company in
2004 Jul 25, American and Iraqi
forces clashed with insurgents in a battle that escalated from
gunfire to artillery barrages north of Baghdad, killing 13 Iraqi
2004 Jul 25, Gunmen killed
Brig. Khaled Dawoud, a former regional official who worked under
Saddam Hussein's government, and his son in a drive-by shooting in
2004 Jul 26, Al-Qaida-linked
Islamic militants threatened to "shake the earth" everywhere in
Italy if Rome does not withdraw troops from Iraq. The Internet
statement, attributed to the Abu Hafs al-Masri Brigades, was the 2nd
such threat against the government of Prime Minister Silvio
Berlusconi in two weeks.
2004 Jul 26, A suicide car
bomber attacked near a U.S. base in the northern city of Mosul,
killing three Iraqis. Assassins gunned down a senior Interior
Ministry official and militants said they kidnapped two Jordanian
truck drivers in spiraling violence in Iraq. Basra gunmen shot 2
women dead and wounded 3 who were on their way to cleaning jobs at
(AP, 7/26/04)(WSJ, 7/27/04, p.A1)
2004 Jul 26, Attackers shot and
killed Col. Musab al-Awadi, the ministry's deputy chief of tribal
affairs, and 2 of his bodyguards in a drive-by shooting at the
official's Baghdad home.
2004 Jul 26, An Egyptian
diplomat held hostage by militants in Iraq for three days was
released and was in good condition.
2004 Jul 27, A Baghdad mortar
barrage killed an Iraqi garbage collector and injured 14 coalition
2004 Jul 27, The chief
executive of a Jordanian firm working for the U.S. military in Iraq
said he was withdrawing from the country to secure the release of
two employees who have been kidnapped by militants.
2004 Jul 28, A suicide car bomb
exploded on a downtown boulevard in Baqouba, shredding a bus full of
passengers and nearby shops and killing 70 people, almost all Iraqi
2004 Jul 28, A fierce battle
between insurgents and Iraqi soldiers fighting alongside
multinational forces in the south-central city of Suwariyah left 7
Iraqi soldiers and 35 insurgents dead.
2004 Jul 29, Iraqi Prime
Minister Ayad Allawi met with Secretary of State Colin Powell in
Saudi Arabia and urged Muslim nations to dispatch troops to Iraq to
help defeat an insurgency that he said threatens all Islamic
(AP, 7/29/04)(WSJ, 7/30/04, p.A1)
2004 Jul 30, In Iraq fierce
overnight fighting between U.S. Marines backed by fighter aircraft
and insurgents using small arms and mortars killed 13 Iraqis in
2004 Jul 31, Gunmen killed the
head of a state-run teacher's institute as he left a mosque after
prayers, an attack in apparent retribution for his refusal to stop
working for Iraqi authorities.
2004 Aug 1, A roadside bombing
near the town of Samarra killed one U.S. soldier and wounded two
others. A car bomb exploded outside a police station in the northern
Iraqi city of Mosul, killing at least five people and injuring 53
others. The blast followed a night of clashes between U.S. troops
and insurgents that killed 12 Iraqis and wounded 39 others in
Fallujah. Car bombings in Baghdad targeted at 4 churches and at
least 11 people including 2 children were killed.
(AP, 8/1/04)(SFC, 8/2/04, p.A1)
2004 Aug 1, A militant group
claiming links to al Qaeda has given Italy a 15-day deadline to
withdraw its troops from Iraq or face attacks.
2004 Aug 1, A Kenyan government
spokesman said 7 truck drivers taken hostage in Iraq have been
2004 Aug 1, A Lebanese hostage
was freed unharmed after Iraqi police raided his kidnappers' hideout
in an operation that ended with the arrest of three terror suspects.
2004 Aug 2, Masked gunmen
killed a Turkish hostage with three gunshots to the head, according
to a video posted on the Internet, and the Turkish truckers' union
said it would stop bringing supplies to U.S. forces in Iraq. A car
bomb in Baquba killed at least 3 Iraqi national guardsmen. 6
American service members were reported killed over the last 24
(AP, 8/2/04)(SFC, 8/4/04, p.A3)
Aug 3, Fierce gunbattles broke out between Iraqi police and dozens
of masked militants roaming the northern city of Mosul, killing 12
Iraqis and wounding 26 others.
2004 Aug 4, Fighting between
insurgents and Iraqi security forces in Mosul left at least 22 dead.
At least 14 of the dead were civilians.
(SFC, 8/5/04, p.A12)
2004 Aug 5, Shiite cleric
Muqtada al-Sadr called on his supporters to rise against US-led
security forces. Fighting quickly spread to other Shiite areas,
threatening a shaky two-month-old truce. Insurgents blew up a bomb
in a minibus and opened fire on a crowd outside a police station
south of Baghdad, killing at least five people and wounding 21
(AP, 8/5/04)(SFC, 8/6/04, p.A1)
2004 Aug 6, Abdul Karim Rawi,
gov. of Iraq’s Anbar province, resigned under pressure from
insurgents who had kidnapped his 3 sons.
(SFC, 8/7/04, p.A13)
2004 Aug 6, There was intense
fighting in Najaf. The U.S. military said 300 militants were killed
in the past two days. Assailants in Iraq killed 3 US servicemen, one
in the capital and two in the south.
(AP, 8/6/04)(AP, 8/7/04)
2004 Aug 7, Interim Iraqi Prime
Minister Ayad Allawi signed a long-awaited amnesty law that would
pardon Iraqis who have played minor roles in the country's
15-month-long insurgency. The Iraqi government closed the Iraqi
offices of the Arab television station Al-Jazeera for 30 days,
accusing it of inciting violence.
2004 Aug 7, Clashes between
US-led forces and fighters loyal to al-Sadr continued for a 3rd day
in Najaf and Sadr City. 23 civilians were killed and 121 wounded in
the day’s fighting.
(SSFC, 8/8/04, p.A1)
2004 Aug 8, Iraq reinstated
capital punishment for people guilty of murder, endangering national
security and distributing drugs.
2004 Aug 8, Iraq's chief
investigating judge said Ahmad Chalabi, a former Governing Council
member with strong U.S. ties, was wanted in Iraq on counterfeiting
charges, while Salem Chalabi, head of the special tribunal in charge
of trying Saddam, faced an arrest warrant for murder.
2004 Aug 8, Militants in Iraq
said they had taken a top Iranian diplomat hostage. Faridoun Jihani
was identified as the "consul for the Islamic Republic of Iran in
2004 Aug 9, Al Sadr, whose
loyalists battled U.S. troops for a fifth straight day, vowed to
fight to the death. A suicide attacker detonated a car bomb
northeast of Baghdad, killing six people and wounding the deputy
governor who was the intended target.
2004 Aug 9, Four masked,
black-clad men who said they belong to a group that has claimed
responsibility for kidnappings and killings in Iraq beheaded a man
identified only as a Bulgarian in a video posted on the Internet.
2004 Aug 11, Ahmad Chalabi,
former Iraqi Governing Council member who fell out of favor with the
United States, returned to Iraq to face counterfeiting charges, but
was never arrested. Charges were later dropped citing lack of
evidence. Chalabi regained enough credibility to be made deputy
prime minister on April 28, 2005. At the same time he was made
acting oil minister. Since then he has thrived in becoming
invaluable to the Iraqi government.
2004 Aug 11, An Islamic Web
site carried a videotape that appeared to show militants in Iraq
beheading a man identified as a CIA agent. The authenticity of the
videotape could not be verified immediately.
2004 Aug 11, U.S. jet fighters
bombed the turbulent city of Fallujah, killing four people and
injuring four others.
2004 Aug 12, In Najaf thousands
of U.S. and Iraqi soldiers launched a major assault on militiamen
loyal to a radical Shiite cleric al-Sadr. Fighting in Kut left 72
(AP, 8/12/04)(WSJ, 8/13/04, p.A1)
2004 Aug 12, The U.N. Security
Council unanimously approved a resolution extending the U.N. mission
in Iraq for a year.
2004 Aug 12, The Iraqi soccer
team defeated Portugal in a preliminary match outside Athens.
(SFC, 8/13/04, p.A1)
2004 Aug 13, Iraqi officials
and aides to a radical Shiite cleric negotiated to end fighting that
has raged in the holy city of Najaf for 9 days, after American
forces suspended an offensive against Muqtada al-Sadr's militia.
2004 Aug 13, An Islamic Web
site posted still pictures that purportedly show Iraqi militants
beheading an Egyptian man they claim was spying for the U.S.
2004 Aug 14, Truce talks
between Shiite militants and Iraqi officials broke down, raising the
prospect of a return to the fierce fighting between militiamen and
2004 Aug 14, U.S. warplanes
bombed the Sunni city of Samarrah. Iraqi hospital officials said
several people died, while the U.S. military said 50 militants were
2004 Aug 15, In Iraq hundreds
of delegates from across Iraq gathered in Baghdad at a three-day
national conference intended to bring a taste of democratic debate.
2004 Aug 15, US armored
vehicles and tanks rolled back into the streets of Najaf and troops
battled Shiite militants in a resumption of fighting after the
collapse of negotiations. 2 US soldiers were killed in Najaf when
troops came under attack by militiamen loyal to firebrand Shiite
cleric Muqtada al-Sadr.
(AP, 8/15/04)(AP, 8/16/04)
2004 Aug 18, Iraq's new air
force took to the skies for the 1st time since the 2003 US invasion.
The limited operations were intended to protect infrastructure
facilities and borders.
2004 Aug 18, In Iraq a rocket
slammed into a busy market in the northern city of Mosul, killing at
least five civilians. U.S. forces clashed with insurgents southeast
of Baghdad in fighting that left up to five civilians dead.
2004 Aug 19, In Iraq PM Allawi
gave what he said was a final warning to cleric Muqtada al-Sadr to
disarm and the leave the holy shrine in Najaf.
(SFC, 8/20/04, p.A1)
2004 Aug 20, A bioethicist
charged in The Lancet medical journal charged that doctors working
for the U.S. military in Iraq collaborated with interrogators in the
abuse of detainees at Baghdad's Abu Ghraib prison, profoundly
breaching medical ethics and human rights.
2004 Aug 20, Freelance French
journalists Christian Chesnot and Georges Malbrunot were kidnapped
in an area south of Baghdad known as the "triangle of death." They
were eventually released by the Islamic Army and returned home to
Paris in December that same year.
2004 Aug 21, Iraq celebrated
their national soccer team's startling 1-0 victory over Australia in
the Olympic quarterfinal.
2004 Aug 21, In Najaf, Iraq,
militants loyal to radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr kept their
hold on a revered shrine, and clashes flared.
2004 Aug 22, U.S. warplanes
bombed Najaf's Old City and gunfire rattled amid fears a plan to end
the standoff with radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr could. A car
bomb exploded north of Baghdad, killing two people and injuring four
others, including a deputy provincial governor.
2004 Aug 22, Attackers killed
one Turkish citizen and two Iraqis on a road north of Baghdad.
2004 Aug 24, In Iraq a car bomb
killed at least 2 people in Baghdad. In Najaf US forces intensified
fighting against rebels loyal to al-Sadr.
(SFC, 8/24/04, p.A1)
2004 Aug 25, Grand Ayatollah
Ali al-Sistani returned to Iraq from a hospital stay in London and
called for a mass demonstration to end the fighting in Najaf.
(SFC, 8/26/04, p.A1)
2004 Aug 25, Militants said
they had kidnapped the brother-in-law of Iraqi Defense Minister
Hazem Shaalan and demanded he end all military operations in the
holy city of Najaf.
2004 Aug 25, Saboteurs attacked
about 20 oil pipelines in southern Iraq, reducing exports from the
key oil producing region by at least one third.
2004 Aug 26, Grand Ayatollah
Ali al-Husseini al-Sistani arranged a peace pact with Muqtada
al-Sadr. The 5-point plan called for Kufa and Najaf to be declared
(SFC, 8/27/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/27/04, p.A1)
2004 Aug 26, A mortar barrage
hit a mosque in Kufa filled with Iraqis preparing to join a march in
Najaf by Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Husseini al-Sistani, killing 27
people and wounding 63.
2004 Aug 26, The Arabic TV
network Al-Jazeera reported it had received a video that appeared to
show the killing of Italian journalist Enzo Baldoni (56).
2004 Aug 27, Al-Sadr's
followers handed over the keys to the Imam Ali Shrine to
religious authorities loyal to Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani.
Militants, who had been holed up in the site, left it after Iraq's
top Shiite cleric brokered a peace deal to end three weeks of
fighting. Iraqi police discovered about 10 bodies in a maverick
religious court run by rebel Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's
2004 Aug 27, In Iraq saboteurs
hit a pipeline that runs within the West Qurna oilfields, 90 miles
north of the southern city of Basra.
2004 Aug 28, Shiite militants
and U.S. forces battled in the Baghdad's Sadr City slum and a mortar
barrage slammed into a busy eastern neighborhood in a new round of
violence in the capital that left 10 people dead and dozens wounded.
U.S. warplanes carried out airstrikes for the second straight day in
the city of Fallujah.
(AP, 8/28/04)(AP, 8/29/04)
2004 Aug 29, Saboteurs blew up
a pipeline in southern Iraq in the latest attack. Al-Sadr called on
his followers to lay down arms and get involved in politics.
(AP, 8/29/04)(WSJ, 8/31/04, p.A1)
2004 Aug 29, Muslim leaders in
France condemned the kidnapping of two French journalists in Iraq
and said the government should not capitulate to militant demands to
revoke a law that bans the wearing of Islamic head scarves in
2004 Aug 30, Rebel Shiite
cleric Muqtada al-Sadr called for his followers across Iraq to end
fighting against U.S. and Iraqi forces and is considering joining
the political process.
2004 Aug 31, A video purporting
to show the methodical, grisly killings of 12 Nepalese construction
workers kidnapped in Iraq was posted on a Web site linked to a
militant group operating in Iraq.
2004 Aug 31, In northern Iraq
Ibrahim Ismael, head of Kirkuk’s education department, was killed in
a drive-by shooting as he drove to work.
2004 Sep 1, In Fallujah, Iraq,
US bombing reportedly killed 17 people.
(WSJ, 9/2/04, p.A1)
2004 Sep 1, Militants in Iraq
freed seven employees of a Kuwaiti trucking firm after their
employer paid $500,000 in ransom.
2004 Sep 2, Kidnappers handed
over two French journalists in Iraq to an Iraqi Sunni Muslim
opposition group. A militant group in Iraq said it had killed three
Turkish captives. Gunmen ambushed an Associated Press driver,
riddling his car with bullets and killing him near his home in
2004 Sep 4, Insurgents clashed
with American and Iraqi troops in northern Iraq, and local officials
said eight Iraqis were killed and more than 50 wounded. A suicide
attacker detonated a car bomb outside a police academy in the
northern city of Kirkuk as hundreds of trainees and civilians were
leaving for the day, killing 17 people and wounding 36. Saboteurs
blew up an oil pipeline in southern Iraq.
(AP, 9/4/04)(SSFC, 9/5/04, p.A3)
2004 Sep 5, Iraqi forces
reportedly captured Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, the King of Clubs and
most wanted member of Saddam Hussein's ousted dictatorship. DNA
evidence revealed that the suspect was only a cousin of al-Douri. An
ensuing battle left as many as 70 people dead. A mortar attack
killed 2 US soldiers.
(AP, 9/5/04)(SFC, 9/6/04, p.A3)
2004 Sep 5, A Turkish company
said it was withdrawing from Iraq a day after Iraqi militants
threatened to behead its employee unless it ceased operations there.
2004 Sep 6, An apparent suicide
bomber detonated an explosives-packed vehicle on the outskirts of
Fallujah, killing seven U.S. Marines and three Iraqi national
2004 Sep 7, US forces battled
insurgents loyal to Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in the Baghdad
slum of Sadr City, in clashes that killed 34 people, including one
American soldier. The US death toll in Iraq topped 1,000 since
military operation began in March 2003. In private estimates Iraqi
deaths ranged from 10,000 to 30,000 killed across the nation.
(AP, 9/7/04)(SFC, 9/8/04, p.A1)(AP, 9/9/04)
2004 Sep 7, An Italian aid
organization said that two Italian women were kidnapped from its
office in Baghdad.
2004 Sep 8, US warplanes
launched strikes in the insurgent-held city of Fallujah, hitting at
suspected militant hideouts used to plan attacks on American forces.
At least 2 people were killed.
2004 Sep 8, Insurgents
kidnapped the family of an Iraqi National Guard officer and set fire
to his home northeast of the capital.
2004 Sep 9, US jets pounded the
rebel stronghold of Fallujah, and American and Iraqi forces entered
the central city of Samarra for the first time in months to try to
reseat the city council and regain control. US and Iraqi security
forces launched attacks to flush out insurgents in northern Iraq,
killing 12 people
2004 Sep 10, Two Lebanese men
were shot dead in Baghdad.
2004 Sep 11, In Iraq US Navy
Petty Officer 3rd Class David A. Cedergren (25) of South St. Paul,
Minn., died of electrocution while showering. As of 2009 his death
was one of among 18 electrocution deaths, 16 US service members and
two military contractors, under review as part of a Department of
Defense Inspector General inquiry.
2004 Sep 12, Militants pounded
central Baghdad with intense mortar barrages, targeting the Green
Zone and destroying a U.S. vehicle along a major street. At least 25
people were killed, including an Arab television journalist, some of
them when a US helicopter fired at crowds around the burning
vehicle. The death toll across Iraq reached 59.
(AP, 9/12/04)(SFC, 9/13/04, p.A1)
2004 Sep 12, Three Polish
soldiers were killed in Iraq when they were attacked with grenades
and machine-gun fire as they returned to their base from a demining
2004 Sep 13, US warplanes
pounded a suspected hideout of al-Qaida-linked militants in the
Sunni insurgent stronghold of Fallujah, killing 20 people including
women and children.
(AP, 9/13/04)(SFC, 9/14/04, p.A1)
2004 Sep 13, Two Australians
and two East Asians have been kidnapped in Iraq, said a statement
purportedly from the Islamic Secret Army handed out in the Sunni
Muslim insurgent bastion of Samarra. A video posted on a Web site in
the name of the militants purportedly showed the beheading of a
kidnapped Turkish truck driver.
(AP, 9/13/04)(AP, 9/13/05)
2004 Sep 14, A car bomb ripped
through a busy market near a Baghdad police headquarters where
Iraqis were waiting to apply for jobs on the force killing 47 and
wounding 114. Gunmen opened fire on a van carrying police home from
work in Baqouba, killing 12 people.
(AP, 9/14/04)(SFC, 9/15/04, p.A1)
2004 Sep 14, Saboteurs blew up
a junction where multiple oil pipelines cross the Tigris River in
northern Iraq, setting off a chain reaction in power generation
systems that left the entire country without power.
2004 Sep 15, Security forces
discovered three beheaded bodies on a road north of Baghdad, and a
car bomb exploded in a town south of the capital, killing two
2004 Sep 15, Pres. Bush
requested shifting $3.46 billion in reconstruction money for Iraq to
(WSJ, 9/16/04, p.A1)
2004 Sep 16, Gunmen abducted
two Americans and a Briton, Kenneth Bigley (62), in a brazen attack
on a house in an upscale Baghdad neighborhood. The US military said
it killed 60 in Fallujah and Ramadi strikes. The number of
foreigners kidnapped during the Iraq insurgency reached at least
100. All 3 were beheaded. Bigley’s decapitation was confirmed on Oct
(AP, 9/16/04)(WSJ, 9/17/04, p.A1)(AP,
2004 Sep 17, A suicide car
bomber slammed into a line of police cars sealing off a Baghdad
neighborhood as American troops rounded up dozens of suspected
militants, capping a day of violence across Iraq that left at least
53 dead. Sheikh Abu Anas al-Shami, a spiritual leader of a group of
militants, was killed when a missile hit the car in which he was
(AP, 9/17/04)(SFC, 9/18/04, p.A1)(SFC, 9/23/04,
2004 Sep 18, Militants
threatened to decapitate two Americans and a Briton being held
hostage unless their demands were met within 48 hours. In Kirkuk a
car bomb near a crowd of recruits killed 19 people and wounded 67.
(AP, 9/18/04)(SSFC, 9/19/04, p.A1)
2004 Sep 19, A suicide attacker
detonated a car bomb near a joint U.S.-Iraqi checkpoint, killing 3
people and wounding 7, including four U.S. soldiers in the northern
city of Samarra. US warplanes and artillery pounded the guerrilla
stronghold of Fallujah. A militant group posted a video showing the
beheading of 3 Kurdish hostages.
(AP, 9/19/04)(SFC, 9/20/04, p.A1)
2004 Sep 20, A car bomb
exploded in the northern Iraq city of Mosul, killing three people.
Gunmen killed a Sunni Muslim cleric as he entered a mosque in
Baghdad to perform noon prayers. At least two people were killed and
three wounded in explosions that rocked the rebel-held city of
Fallujah. An Islamic group posted a video showing the beheading of
US contract employee Eugene Armstrong.
(AP, 9/20/04)(SFC, 9/21/04, p.A1)
2004 Sep 21, A posting on an
Islamic Web site claimed that the al-Qaida-linked group led by Abu
Musab al-Zarqawi has slain US hostage Jack Hensley.
(AP, 9/21/04)(WSJ, 9/23/04, p.A1)
2004 Sep 21, A Turkish
construction company announced that it was halting operations in
neighboring Iraq in a bid to save the lives of 10 employees
kidnapped by militants.
2004 Sep 22, In Iraq kidnappers
seized 4 Egyptians and four Iraqis working for the country's mobile
2004 Sep 22, Suicide attackers
detonated a car bomb near an Iraqi National Guard recruiting center
in west Baghdad, killing at least six people and injuring 54. US
aircraft and tanks attacked Shiite militia positions in fierce
fighting in Baghdad's Sadr City slum, killing 10 people and injuring
2004 Sep 23, President Bush
denied painting too rosy a picture about Iraq, and said he would
consider sending more troops if asked; Iraq's interim leader, Ayad
Allawi, standing with Bush in the White House Rose Garden, said
additional troops weren't needed. Allawi declared that his country
is succeeding in its effort to move past the war that ousted Saddam
(AP, 9/23/04)(AP, 9/23/05)
2004 Sep 23, US warplanes fired
on insurgent targets in the east Baghdad slum of Sadr City. Iraqi
doctors said one person was killed and 12 were injured, many of them
children. Gunmen in Mosul killed a senior official of Iraq's North
2004 Sep 23, A militant group
falsely claimed in a Web posting that two Italian women taken
hostage in Iraq had been killed. [see Sep 28]
2004 Sep 23, In Iraq kidnappers
seized 2 more Egyptian construction engineers working for the
country's mobile phone company.
(AP, 9/24/04)(SFC, 9/25/04, p.A1)
2004 Sep 24, Iraq's interim PM
Ayad Allawi appealed to world leaders at the UN General Assembly to
unite behind his country's effort to rein in spiraling violence,
lighten the foreign debt and improve security ahead of the January
elections. PM Allawi and President Bush declared that Iraq is on the
road to stability, with the Iraqi leader saying elections would be
possible in all but 3-4 of Iraq's 18 provinces.
(AP, 9/24/04)(AP, 9/24/05)
2004 Sep 25, A film about Iraqi
children victims of war "Turtles can fly" directed by Iranian Bahman
Ghobadi won the Concha de Oro (Golden Shell) at the prestigious San
Sebastian film festival.
2004 Sep 25, US warplanes,
tanks and artillery units struck the insurgent stronghold of
Fallujah, killing at least 8 people and wounding 15. The US military
announced the deaths of four Marines and a soldier. Five mortar
shells struck the Iraqi Oil Ministry headquarters in Baghdad.
2004 Sep 25, An Internet
posting claimed that an al-Qaida-linked group has killed British
hostage Kenneth Bigley.
2004 Sep 26, Suicide attackers
detonated a pair of car bombs outside an Iraqi National Guard
compound west of the capital, wounding American and Iraqi forces. A
rocket hit a busy Baghdad neighborhood, killing at least one person
and wounding eight.
2004 Sep 27, U.S. jets pounded
suspected Shiite militant positions in the Baghdad slum of Sadr
City, killing at least five people and wounding 40. Elsewhere,
insurgents detonated car bombs and fired rockets, killing at least 7
National Guardsmen, in separate attacks.
(AP, 9/27/04)(WSJ, 9/28/04, p.A1)
2004 Sep 28, In Iraq kidnappers
released two female Italian aid workers and five other hostages. A
$1 million ransom was alleged. In 2005 it was reported that Italy's
Red Cross treated four Iraqi insurgents and hid them from U.S.
forces in exchange for the freedom of two Italian aid workers
kidnapped in Baghdad.
(AP, 9/28/04)(WSJ, 9/30/04, p.A1)(AP, 8/25/05)
2004 Sep 29, A video surfaced
showing Kenneth Bigley, a British hostage held by Iraqi militants,
pleading for help between the bars of a makeshift cage. Bigley was
2004 Sep 30, Three bombs
exploded at a neighborhood celebration in western Baghdad, killing
35 children and seven adults as US troops handed out candy at a
government-sponsored celebration. Hours earlier, a suicide car bomb
killed a U.S. soldier and two Iraqis on the capital's outskirts.
Across Iraq insurgent attacks left 51 dead.
(WSJ, 10/1/04, p.A1)(AP, 9/30/05)
2004 Sep 30, The Arab news
network Al-Jazeera showed video of 10 new hostages seized in Iraq by
2004 Sep, Iraq’s 1st irregular
brigade, the Special Police Commandos, was founded by Gen. Adnan
Thavit (63), uncle of Iraq’s interim interior minister. Other
brigades soon followed.
(WSJ, 2/16/05, p.A12)
2004 Oct 1, U.S. and Iraqi
forces launched a major assault to regain control of the insurgent
stronghold of Samarra, trading gunfire with rebel fighters as they
pushed toward the city center. The US said over 100 insurgents were
(AP, 10/1/04)(SFC, 10/2/04, p.A3)
2004 Oct 1, In Iraq hospital
officials said at least seven civilians were killed and 13 wounded
during a US bombing attack in Falluja.
2004 Oct 2, A militant group in
Iraq claimed in an Internet statement that it abducted and beheaded
an Iraqi construction contractor who worked on a U.S. military base.
2004 Oct 2, About 100,000 Kurds
demonstrated outside provincial government offices, demanding that
the turbulent, oil hub of Kirkuk be made part of the autonomous
Kurdish region in northern Iraq.
2004 Oct 3, Iraqi security
forces and U.S. troops claimed success in wresting control of
Samarra from Sunni insurgents in fierce fighting.
2004 Oct 3, National security
adviser Condoleezza Rice, interviewed on ABC's "This Week" program,
defended her characterization of Saddam Hussein's nuclear
capabilities in the months before the Iraq invasion.
2004 Oct 4, Insurgents
unleashed a pair of powerful car bombs near the symbol of U.S.
authority in Iraq, the Green Zone, where the U.S. Embassy and key
government offices are located as well as hotels occupied by
hundreds of foreigners. Two other explosions brought the day's
bombing toll to at least 26 dead and more than 100 wounded.
(AP, 10/4/04)(SFC, 10/5/04, p.A3)
2004 Oct 5, Interim Prime
Minister Ayad Allawi said negotiators hammered out the basis for an
agreement to end fighting with followers of radical Shiite Muslim
cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. 2 car bombs exploded in the insurgent
stronghold of Ramadi, killing four Iraqis and prompting clashes
between U.S. troops and gunmen. 10 Iraqi policemen, including a
lieutenant colonel, were killed in two separate attacks south of
2004 Oct 6, Followers of
renegade Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr have agreed to a cease-fire
with Iraq's interim government aimed at ending weeks of fighting in
the vast Baghdad slum of Sadr City.
2004 Oct 6, Charles Duelfer,
the chief U.S. weapons hunter, reported that Saddam Hussein's
weapons of mass destruction programs had deteriorated into only
hopes and dreams by the time of the U.S.-led invasion last year.
2004 Oct 6, A car bomb exploded
at an Iraqi military camp northwest of Baghdad, killing 10 Iraqis
and wounding more than 20.
2004 Oct 7, US authorities,
meanwhile, raised the security alert in the heavily guarded Green
Zone after an improvised bomb was found in front of a restaurant
there. 2 American soldiers were killed and two others were wounded
in separate attacks involving roadside bombs.
2004 Oct 8, In Iraq kidnappers
displayed a video of the beheading of British hostage Kenneth Bigley
(62) following an unsuccessful escape attempt.
(AP, 10/8/04)(SFC, 10/9/04, p.A1)
2004 Oct 8, American warplanes
struck a building where the U.S. command said leaders of
al-Zarqawi's network were meeting. Residents said the house was full
of people who had gathered for a wedding. The attack killed 13
people, including the groom.
2004 Oct 9, Followers of
radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr said they will begin handing
weapons over to Iraqi police next week.
2004 Oct 10, Defense Secretary
Donald H. Rumsfeld visited Iraq. In Baghdad 2 car bombs shook the
capital in quick succession, killing at least 11 people, including
an American soldier, and wounding 16.
(AP, 10/10/04)(WSJ, 10/11/04, p.A1)
2004 Oct 10, Iraq's Ministry of
Science and Technology told the UN nuclear agency that 377 tons of
explosives had disappeared from the Al-Qaqaa facility. The Iraqis
say the materials were stolen after the April 9, 2003, fall of
Baghdad because of a lack of security.
2004 Oct 11, In Iraq followers
of radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr trickled in to police stations in
Baghdad's Sadr City district to hand in weapons. Two soldiers from
Task Force Baghdad were killed and five wounded in a rocket attack
in southern Baghdad.
2004 Oct 11, An Arabic language
television station broadcast video showing three hooded gunmen
threatening to behead a Turkish hostage within three days unless the
Americans release all Iraqi prisoners and all Turks leave Iraq.
2004 Oct 12, A videotape
surfaced on the Internet showing what was said to be the confession
and beheading of an Arab Shiite Muslim, presumably Iraqi, who was
accused of serving the U.S. Army by "assassinating Sunni leaders."
US warplanes hit Fallujah and knocked out the celebrated Haji
Hussein kebab restaurant killing the owner’s son and nephew.
(AP, 10/12/04)(SFC, 10/13/04, p.A3)
2004 Oct 13, In Iraq roadside
bombings killed 4 American soldiers in Baghdad.
2004 Oct 14, Insurgents struck
deep inside Baghdad's heavily fortified Green Zone, setting off
bombs at a market and a popular cafe that killed at least 10 people,
including four Americans.
2004 Oct 14, In Iraq up to 19
members of the 343rd Quartermaster Company were detained for
refusing to deliver fuel under conditions that they deemed unsafe.
(SFC, 10/16/04, p.A1)
2004 Oct 14, Video that
appeared on an Islamic Web site showed militants in Iraq beheading a
man identified as a kidnapped Turkish driver.
2004 Oct 15, US Marines
launched air and ground attacks on the insurgent bastion Fallujah
after city representatives suspended peace talks with the government
over PM Ayad Allawi's demand to hand over terror mastermind Abu
Musab al-Zarqawi. US officials said 10 people, including a family of
four, were killed when a car bomb exploded near a Baghdad police
2004 Oct 15, Car bombs killed
five US troops in Iraq.
2004 Oct 16, In Iraq a Fallujah
delegation offered to resume peace talks with the government if the
US ceases attacks against the city and releases the chief
2004 Oct 16, In Iraq a Fallujah
delegation offered to resume peace talks with the government if the
US ceases attacks against the city and releases the chief
negotiator. 2 US Army helicopters crashed in Baghdad and 2 soldiers
(AP, 10/16/04)(SSFC, 10/17/04, p.A3)
2004 Oct 17, US forces battled
insurgents around Fallujah. Militants ambushed and killed nine Iraqi
policemen returning from training in Jordan. A suicide driver in
Baghdad killed at least 7 people. More than 200 detainees were
released from Abu Ghraib prison after a security review deemed them
no longer a threat.
(AP, 10/17/04)(SFC, 10/18/04, p.A1)
2004 Oct 17, The Tawhid and
Jihad group, a militant group led by terror mastermind Abu Musab
al-Zarqawi, declared its allegiance to Osama bin Laden.
2004 Oct 18, Iraqi PM Allawi
said that an exchange of weapons for cash will be extended across
the country. A militant group in Iraq said it had executed two
Macedonian men accused of spying for the US. Macedonia has 32
soldiers stationed in Taji, north of Baghdad. Saboteurs attacked a
key oil pipeline in northern Iraq, setting it on fire.
(AP, 10/18/04)(AP, 10/19/04)(SFC, 10/19/04, p.A3)
2004 Oct 19, Margaret Hassan,
the British director of CARE International's operations in Iraq, was
abducted from her car in Baghdad. She was killed on Nov 16. In 2005
Iraqi forces arrested 5 suspects who confessed to kidnapping and
murdering Margaret Hassan. In June, 2006, Mustafa Mohammed Salman
al-Juburi was sentenced to life in prison after being convicted of
aiding and abetting the kidnappers. His sentence was later reduced
on appeal. In 2008 Ali Lutfi al-Rawi was arrested after he allegedly
phoned the British Embassy in Baghdad to demand $1 million in
exchange for information about the location of Hassan's remains. In
2009 a judge sentenced Ali Lutfi al-Rawi (36) to life in prison
after a one-day trial in Baghdad. He faced charges of kidnapping,
murder and extortion. In 2010 Ali Lutfi al-Rawi escaped from prison.
(AP, 10/19/04)(AFP, 5/1/05)(AP, 6/5/06)(AP,
6/2/09)(AP, 4/5/10)(AFP, 8/22/10)
2004 Oct 19, A mortar attack on
an Iraqi National Guard headquarters north of Baghdad killed four
guardsmen and wounded 80 others.
2004 Oct 20, US forces fired
rockets in central Fallujah early, hitting a teacher's college and
leveling a house, killing six people.
2004 Oct 20, Reservist Staff
Sgt. Ivan Frederick (38), the highest-ranking soldier charged in the
Abu Ghraib scandal pleaded guilty to 5 charges of abusing Iraqi
detainees, as a 2-day court-martial opened in Baghdad.
(SFC, 10/21/04, p.A1)(AP, 10/20/05)
2004 Oct 21, Staff Sgt. Ivan
Frederick, the highest-ranking U.S. soldier charged in the Abu
Ghraib prison case, was sentenced to eight years in prison.
2004 Oct 22, A videotape of
Margaret Hassan, the kidnapped director of CARE International in
Iraq, appeared on Al-Jazeera, weeping and pleading with British PM
Tony Blair to withdraw troops from Iraq "and not bring them to
Baghdad" because "this might be my last hours."
2004 Oct 23, The U.S. military
arrested a "senior leader" in the network run by Jordanian terror
mastermind Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, along with five others during
overnight raids in the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
2004 Oct 23, A suicide car
bomber set off an explosion at a police station near Khan
al-Baghdadi in western Iraq, killing at least 16 policemen and
wounding 40 other people. A 2nd car bomb killed 4 Iraqi guardsmen at
Ishaqi near Samarra. 2 foreign truck drivers were fatally shot in
(SSFC, 10/24/04, p.A3)
2004 Oct 23, Some 50 unarmed
Iraqi soldiers were killed in eastern Iraq as they headed home on
leave after basic training. Many were shot execution style with
gunshots to the back of the head.
2004 Oct 23, Gunmen opened fire
on a convoy of Turkish trucks in Mosul, killing two Turkish drivers
and wounding two others.
2004 Oct 24, A US Marine
warplane bombed suspected militants trying to rebuild a command post
in the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah, and witnesses said six
people were killed.
2004 Oct 25, The UN nuclear
agency warned that insurgents in Iraq may have obtained nearly 400
tons of missing explosives that can be used in the kind of car bomb
attacks that have targeted U.S.-led coalition forces for months.
2004 Oct 25, In Iraq bombs hit
4 coalition and Iraqi convoys killing at least 12 including an
American and Estonian. Saboteurs blew up a pipeline feeding Iraq’s
(WSJ, 10/26/04, p.A1)
2004 Oct 26, A US airstrike in
Fallujah killed an aide to Jordanian terrorist Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.
An Iraqi insurgent group, meanwhile, said on a Web site it had taken
11 Iraqi National Guard soldiers hostage.
2004 Oct 28, An armed group
claimed in a video to have obtained a large amount of explosives
missing from a munitions depot facility in Iraq and threatened to
use them against foreign troops.
2004 Oct 28, Militants released
a grisly video that showed the killing of 11 Iraqi troops held
hostage for days, beheading one, then shooting the others
execution-style. Another group released a video of a kidnapped
Polish woman, demanding Warsaw pull its troops from Iraq.
2004 Oct 28, A survey of deaths
in Iraqi households estimates that as many as 100,000 more people
may have died throughout the country in the 18 months after the U.S.
invasion than would be expected based on the death rate before the
2004 Oct 29, Hundreds of
British soldiers arrived at their base near Baghdad in a deployment
aimed at provide cover for U.S. troops considering a new assault on
2004 Oct 29, Iraqi civilian
deaths from the current war were estimated at almost 100,000 by the
British medical journal Lancet. The study claimed 90% certainty for
at least 40,000 deaths.
(Econ, 11/6/04, p.81)
2004 Oct 30, Eight American
Marines were killed in fighting west of Baghdad. A car bomb killed
at least seven people in attack on an Arab television network in
Baghdad. Iraqi troops fired wildly on civilian vehicles, killing at
least 14 people.
2004 Oct 30, The decapitated
body of a Japanese backpacker (Shosei Koda) was found wrapped in an
American flag in northwestern Baghdad; the militant group led by Abu
Musab al-Zarqawi later claimed responsibility. In 2006 Hussein Fahmi
(28), an operative for al-Qaida in Iraq, confessed to carrying out
116 beheadings, including that of 24-year-old Japanese backpacker
(WSJ, 11/1/04, p.A1)(AP, 10/30/05)(AP, 3/2/06)
2004 Oct 31, In Iraq a rocket
attack in Tikrit killed 15 Iraqis and wounded 8.
(SFC, 11/1/04, p.A1)
2004 Nov 1, Iraqi gunmen in
Baghdad seized an American, a Nepalese and 4 Iraqi hostages working
for a Saudi supplier to the US military. American contract worker
Roy Hallums was one of several people kidnapped during an armed
assault on the Baghdad compound where he lived; Hallums was rescued
by coalition forces on Sept. 7, 2005.
(WSJ, 11/2/04, p.A1)(AP, 11/1/05)
2004 Nov 1, Gunmen killed Hatim
Kamil, deputy governor of Baghdad, on his way to work.
2004 Nov 1, Diaa Najm, an Iraqi
freelance television cameraman, was killed while filming clashes
between U.S. troops and insurgents in Ramadi.
2004 Nov 2, A car bomb exploded
near the Ministry of Education in a busy Baghdad commercial area,
killing at least eight people and wounding 29 others. A car bomb in
Mosul killed 4 civilians. Insurgents blew up a northern oil export
(AP, 11/2/04)(SFC, 11/3/04, p.A3)
2004 Nov 3, Gunmen abducted a
Lebanese-American contractor who worked with the U.S. Army from his
Baghdad home. 4 Jordanian truck drivers were seized by assailants in
a separate kidnapping. Gunmen also killed an Oil Ministry official,
Hussein Ali al-Fattal, in a driveby shooting.
2004 Nov 4, In Iraq US jets
pounded parts of Fallujah, targeting insurgents in a city where
American forces were said to be gearing up for a major offensive.
2004 Nov 4, In Iraq SCIRI
(Supreme Council of the Islamic Revolution in Iraq) militants
dressed as police abducted and executed 12 Iraqi National Guards
traveling home to Najaf.
2004 Nov 4, Three British
soldiers of the Black Watch regiment, recently moved northward, were
killed in a suicide bombing.
(SFC, 11/5/04, p.A3)
2004 Nov 4, The international
medical aid group Medecins Sans Frontieres said it was closing its
operations in Iraq because of escalating violence.
2004 Nov 5, US warplanes
pounded Fallujah in what residents called the strongest attacks in
months, as more than 10,000 American soldiers and Marines massed for
an expected assault.
2004 Nov 6, Insurgents set off
at least two car bombs and attacked a police station in the central
Iraqi town of Samarra, killing at least 29 people and wounding 40.
Over 50 people were killed across central Iraq including nearly 2
(AP, 11/6/04)(SSFC, 11/7/04, p.A1)
2004 Nov 6, In an open letter
to the Iraqi people and posted on the Internet, 26 Saudi scholars
and religious preachers stressed that armed attacks launched by
militant Iraqi groups on U.S. troops and their allies in Iraq were
2004 Nov 7, The Iraqi
government declared a 60-day state of emergency throughout most of
the country, as US and Iraqi forces prepared for an all-out assault
on rebels in Fallujah.
2004 Nov 8, In Iraq some 10,000
US and Iraqi troops fought their way into the western outskirts of
Fallujah. A car bomb hit a civilian convoy belonging to coalition
forces on the main highway to Baghdad's airport.
(AP, 11/8/04)(SFC, 11/9/04, p.A1)
2004 Nov 9, Iraqi authorities
imposed the first nighttime curfew in more than a year on Baghdad
and surrounding areas. US Army and Marine units thrust through the
center of the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah, fighting bands of
guerrillas in the streets and conducting house-to-house searches on
the 2nd day of a major offensive. Some US artillery used white
phosphorous rounds that melted skin. At least 10 American and 2
Iraqi soldiers were killed in the assault. In 2008 a civilian jury
acquitted former Marine Jose Luis Nazario Jr. of voluntary
manslaughter in the killings of 4 unarmed Iraqi detainees during the
Fallujah battle. In 2009 Marine Sgt. Ryan Weemer was acquitted of
murder charges in the killing of an unarmed detainee in Fallujah.
(AP, 11/9/04)(SFC, 11/10/04, p.A1,14)(AP,
8/29/08)(SFC, 4/10/09, p.A6)
2004 Nov 9, In a backlash over
the Fallujah assault the Iraqi Islamic Party withdrew from the
interim government and a leading group of Sunni clerics called for
Iraqis to boycott nationwide elections.
(SFC, 11/10/04, p.A15)
2004 Nov 10, Kidnappers
abducted two members of PM Ayad Allawi's family in Baghdad and said
they would be beheaded in two days if militant’s demands were not
met. US forces bottled up insurgents in a narrow strip of Fallujah
after a stunningly swift advance that seized control of 70 percent
of the militant stronghold. Insurgents said 20 Iraqi soldiers were
captured. Explosions shook the center of Ramadi and US troops
clashed with insurgents.
(AP, 11/10/04)(WSJ, 11/11/04, p.A1)
2004 Nov 11, Iraqi security
forces, backed by US troops, arrested Sheik Mahdi al-Sumaidaei, a
hardline Sunni cleric and about two dozen others, after a raid of
his Baghdad mosque uncovered weapons caches along with photographs
of recent attacks on American troops. In Mosul guerrillas attacked
at least five police stations and political party offices there in
what could be a bid to relieve pressure on their allies in Fallujah.
2004 Nov 11, US and Iraqi
forces, backed by an air and artillery barrage, launched a major
attack into the southern half of Fallujah squeezing Sunni fighters
into a smaller and smaller cordon. The military estimated 600
insurgents killed thus far in the offensive. Insurgents in Mosul
overwhelmed several police stations and clashed with U.S. and Iraqi
2004 Nov 12, In Iraq a
gunbattle broke out in Mosul between gunmen and guards at the main
headquarters of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan. Guards killed six
attackers and captured four others before the rest fled.
2004 Nov 13, US troops launched
a major attack against insurgent holdouts in southern Fallujah. The
US Army diverted an infantry battalion from Fallujah and sent them
back to Mosul after an uprising there by insurgents. Video was
recorded of a US Marine shooting an unarmed Iraqi prisoner in a
(AP, 11/13/04)(SFC, 11/16/04, p.A9)
2004 Nov 14, The US military
occupied Fallujah after six days of fighting. The military said 31
Americans have been killed in the siege. US Marines found the
mutilated body of what they believe was a Western woman during a
sweep of a street in central Fallujah.
2004 Nov 15, Fierce battles
between insurgents and US and Iraqi forces killed at least 16 people
in Baqouba. Sgt. Rafael Peralta reportedly smothered a grenade to
save the lives of other Marines during an exchange of fire in
Fallujah. In 2015 a new US navy destroyer was named after Peralta.
(AP, 11/15/04)(SFC, 3/7/12, p.A10)(SSFC, 11/1/15,
2004 Nov 15, US Congressional
investigators said Saddam Hussein’s regime made over $21.3 billion
in illegal revenue by subverting the oil for food program. This was
more than double the previous estimates.
(SFC, 11/16/04, p.A9)
2004 Nov 16, US and Iraqi
troops pushed into insurgent-heavy neighborhoods and stormed police
stations in Mosul. US forces arrested a senior member of an
influential Sunni political party after a dawn raid on his Baghdad
home. The US military said it was investigating the videotaped fatal
shooting of a wounded and apparently unarmed Iraqi prisoner by a US
Marine in a mosque in Fallujah. Sunni Muslims in Iraq expressed
anger over videotape showing the fatal shooting of a wounded and
apparently unarmed man in a Fallujah mosque by a US Marine. In 2007
the marine Corps charged a Marine sergeant with unpremeditated
murder in the killing of the unarmed Iraqi prisoner in Fallujah.
Another Marine was also charged in the same incident. In 2008 Sgt.
Ryan Weemer became the 3rd person charged in the shooting.
(AP, 11/16/04)(AP, 11/16/05)(SFC, 8/21/07,
p.A13)(SFC, 3/19/08, p.A4)
2004 Nov 16, In Iraq a
blindfolded woman, believed to be aid worker Margaret Hassan (59),
was the shown being shot in the head by a hooded militant on a video
obtained but not aired by Al-Jazeera television.
2004 Nov 17, A car bomber
rammed a US convoy in Beiji, 155 miles north of Baghdad, during
clashes with militants that killed 10 people.
2004 Nov 18, Insurgents
detonated a car bomb near a US military convoy in Baghdad and a
roadside bomb exploded at a job recruiting center in the northern
city of Kirkuk, in attacks that killed four people.
2004 Nov 18, US troops
discovered four decapitated bodies and captured dozens of militants
during operations to purge northern Mosul of insurgents.
2004 Nov 19, Iraqi forces,
backed by US soldiers, stormed one of the major Sunni Muslim mosques
in Baghdad after Friday prayers, opening fire and killing at least 3
people. A suicide car bomber rammed into a police patrol in Baghdad,
killing one policeman.
2004 Nov 20, In Baghdad
insurgents attacked a US patrol and a police station, assassinated 4
government employees and detonated several bombs. One American
soldier was killed and 9 were wounded during clashes that left 3
Iraqi troops and a police officer dead.
2004 Nov 20, The bodies of nine
Iraqi soldiers, all shot execution-style and seven of them
decapitated, were discovered in the northern city of Mosul.
2004 Nov 20, Germany and the
United States agreed on a proposal to write off as much as 80
percent of Iraq's debt.
2004 Nov 20, A Polish woman
abducted from her apartment in Baghdad reappeared in Poland after
being suddenly released.
2004 Nov 21, Iraq's Electoral
Commission set national elections for January 30.
2004 Nov 23, Some 5,000 US
Marines, British troops and Iraqi commandos launched raids and
arrested suspected insurgents aimed at clearing a swath of insurgent
hotbeds south of Baghdad.
2004 Nov 24, In Fallujah the US
military uncovered the largest arms cache yet inside the mosque of
an insurgent leader. 5 Arab foreign fighters who had escaped from
Fallujah were arrested near southern Basra. They were planning to
attack coalition bases and police stations.
2004 Nov 24, An Iraqi woman,
working as a translator, was shot and killed by 2 US soldiers
playing with a firearm. In 2005 Spc. Charley Hooser was convicted of
involuntary manslaughter and Spc. Rami Dajani of accessory after the
(SSFC, 1/23/05, p.A5)
2004 Nov 25, A mortar attack
killed four employees of a British security firm and wounded 15
others in the Baghdad's Green Zone. Two Marines were killed and 3
others wounded when they came under fire during house-clearing
operations in Fallujah. 3 rebels were killed in response.
2004 Nov 25, An Iraqi official
said more than 2,000 people have been killed so far in the
U.S.-Iraqi operation against the former insurgent stronghold of
2004 Nov 26, In Mosul 17 more
Iraqi bodies were found following 15 discovered a day earlier. 65
bodies were reported found over the last 8 days with 20 confirmed as
members of the new Iraqi security forces.
(SFC, 11/27/04, p.A13)
2004 Nov 28, Iraq's most feared
terror group claimed responsibility for slaughtering members of the
Iraqi security forces in Mosul, where dozens of bodies had been
2004 Nov 29, In western Iraq a
car bomb exploded at a police checkpoint, killing seven government
security force members and injuring nine.
2004 Nov 30, A suicide bomber
detonated a car packed with explosives next to a US convoy on
Baghdad's dangerous airport road leaving several casualties.
2004 Dec 1, The US military
command said multinational troops have arrested 210 suspected
militants in a weeklong crackdown against insurgents in an area
south of Baghdad known as the "triangle of death."
2004 Dec 1, Unidentified gunmen
in Iraq killed 5 leading members of a Kurdish group that led a
15-year rebellion in southern Turkey.
(WSJ, 12/2/04, p.A1)
2004 Dec 2, In Iraq a mortar
barrage hammered the heavily fortified Green Zone and elsewhere in
central Baghdad, killing at least one person.
2004 Dec 3, Insurgents launched
two major attacks against a Shiite mosque and a police station in
Baghdad, killing 30 people, including at least 16 police officers.
2004 Dec 3, In Germany 3 Iraqi
citizens of Kurdish origin were arrested for plotting to kill Iraqi
PM Ayad Allawi. In 2008 the 3 men were convicted and sentenced to
prison. The Stuttgart state court convicted the three men of
attempted participation in murder and membership in terrorist
organization Ansar al-Islam, a radical Islamic group linked to
2004 Dec 4, Suicide attackers
carried out a string of car bombings against Iraqi policemen in
Baghdad and Kurdish militiamen in the north, killing 14 people and
wounding at least 59.
2004 Dec 4, Two US soldiers
were killed and four wounded when their patrol came under attack in
the northwestern city of Mosul.
2004 Dec 5, Gunmen opened fire
at the bus as it dropped off Iraqis employed by coalition forces at
a weapons dump in Tikrit. 17 people died and 13 were wounded. A
suicide car bomber drove into an Iraqi National Guard checkpoint in
Beiji. 3 guardsmen, including a company commander, were killed and
18 wounded. Guerrillas ambushed a joint Iraqi-coalition patrol in
Latifiyah and attacked Iraqi National Guardsmen patrolling near
Samarra. 2 Iraqis were killed and 10 wounded.
2004 Dec 6, In Iraq 5 U.S.
troops were reported killed in separate clashes in a volatile
western province. Insurgents blew up part of a domestic oil pipeline
in northern Iraq.
2004 Dec 7, A roadside bomb
exploded near an Iraqi National Guard patrol south of Baghdad,
killing three guardsmen and wounding 11.
2004 Dec 8, In Iraq gunmen
attacked the police headquarters in Samarra, killing an Iraqi
policemen and a child who was caught in the cross fire. Insurgents
detonated a car bomb in southern Baghdad, causing an unspecified
number of casualties. 18 young Iraqi Shiites, aged 14-20, were shot
and killed while seeking work at a U.S. base near Mosul. Their
bodies were discovered Jan 5. Dale Stoffel, an American arms dealer
and contractor, was killed along with Joe Wemple. Before Stoffel was
shot dead in Baghdad, he had told of corruption and payoffs to
senior military officers in the country’s reconstruction program.
Stoffel and Wemple were reported to have been working on a $40
million dollar project in Iraq for a military facility in Taji which
involved the arming of the 1st Iraqi Armored Brigade. Insurgents
from the Brigades of the Islamic Jihad claimed they were responsible
for the murder. However, the murders remain uninvestigated and
2004 Dec 9, In Iraq insurgent
mortar fire in Baghdad left 3 people dead.
(SFC, 12/10/04, p.A20)
2004 Dec 10, Staff Sgt. Johnny
M. Horne Jr. (30) of Wilson, N.C., was sentenced to three years in
prison for killing severely wounded Qasim Hassan (16) in Sadr City
on Aug 18.
(AP, 12/11/04)(SFC, 12/11/04, p.A13)
2004 Dec 11, In Iraq insurgents
killed 5 Iraqi police officers in Baghdad. A US Marine was killed in
(SSFC, 12/12/04, p.A10)
2004 Dec 12, A US soldier died
of wounds sustained when a roadside bomb hit his patrol in Baghdad.
8 US Marines with the 1st Marine Expeditionary Force died while
conducting "security and stabilization operations" in Fallujah and
Ramadi in Anbar province.
(AP, 12/12/04)(SFC, 12/13/04, p.A9)
2004 Dec 13, In Baghdad a
suicide car bomber killed 13 people and injured at least 15 near the
Harthiyah entrance on the western edge of the Green zone. Clashes
resumed in Fallujah.
(AP, 12/13/04)(AP, 12/14/04)
2004 Dec 14, It was reported
that air cargo planes used by American subcontractors in Iraq were
linked to Victor bout, a reputed Russian arms trafficker.
(SFC, 12/14/04, p.A3)
2004 Dec 14, In Iraq a suicide
car bomber killed seven people at a Green Zone checkpoint, the
second attack in two days near the same gate.
2004 Dec 15, Iraqi militants
said they shot and killed an Italian citizen after he tried to break
through a guerrilla roadblock on a highway outside the insurgent
stronghold of Ramadi. A document from the Italian Embassy in Beirut
seeking an Iraqi visa for Salvatore Santoro called him an aid worker
helping Iraqi children.
2004 Dec 16, Former Iraqi
dictator Saddam Hussein met with a lawyer for the first time since
his capture a year earlier.
2004 Dec 16, Rebel strikes
across Baghdad killed 10 people, including three paramilitary
policemen and a government official. A US Marine was killed in Anbar
(AP, 12/16/04)(SFC, 12/17/04, p.A12)
2004 Dec 17, The US completely
forgave $4.1 billion in debt Iraq owed it and urged other nations
not part of an international debt relief agreement to follow suit.
2004 Dec 17, Gunmen attacked a
car in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul, killing four male
passengers, and witnesses said three of the victims were foreigners.
2004 Dec 18, The former Iraqi
general known as “Chemical Ali," Ali Hassan al-Majid, went before a
judge in the first investigative hearings of former members of his
2004 Dec 18, Insurgents
claiming to represent three Iraqi militant groups issued a videotape
saying they had captured 10 Iraqis working for an American security
and reconstruction company and would kill them if the firm did not
leave this turbulent country. A clash in Mosul left an Iraqi child
dead. An insurgent attack in Mosul left one Iraqi dead. National
Guardsmen there killed 3 insurgents.
(AP, 12/19/04)(SSFC, 12/19/04, p.A12)
2004 Dec 19, Car bombs rocked
Najaf and Karbala, Iraq's two holiest Shiite cities, killing 67
people and wounding more than 120. In downtown Baghdad dozens of
gunmen carried out a brazen ambush that killed three Iraqi employees
of the organization running next month's elections.
(AP, 12/19/04)(WSJ, 12/21/04, p.A1)
2004 Dec 20, Thousands of
mourners attended funerals and Iraqi authorities detained 50
suspects in connection with an explosion in the Shiite holy city of
Najaf that killed at least 54 people and wounded 142.
2004 Dec 21, British PM Tony
Blair made a surprise visit to Baghdad, urging Iraqis to support
national elections and describing violence here as a "battle between
democracy and terror."
2004 Dec 21, A suicide bombing
on a base near Mosul killed 22 people and wounded 72 at Forward
Operating Base Marez as US soldiers sat down to lunch. Halliburton
Co. lost four employees in the attack at the military base. A
radical Muslim group, the Ansar al-Sunnah Army, claimed
responsibility. 2 French reporters held hostage for 4 months in Iraq
(WSJ, 12/22/04, p.A1)(AP, 12/21/05)
2004 Dec 22, Poland's PM Marek
Belka and Defense Minister Jerzy Szmajdzinski arrived in Iraq for a
Christmas visit to Polish troops.
2004 Dec 23, US Marines battled
insurgents in Fallujah with warplanes dropping bombs and tanks
shelling suspected guerrilla positions, causing deaths on both
sides. Three U.S. Marines were killed. 24 guerrillas, most of them
non-Iraqi Arabs, were killed in battles according to a posting on an
Islamic web site the next day. The 1st Fallujah residents were
allowed to return. A bomb killed a US soldier in Baghdad.
(AP, 12/24/04)(SFC, 12/24/04, p.A1)(WSJ,
2004 Dec 24, A suicide bomber
blew up a gas tanker in Baghdad in an attack that killed at least
2004 Dec 24, US Defense
Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld, bearing gifts of praise and
encouragement, paid a surprise Christmas Eve visit to US troops in
some of the most dangerous areas of Iraq.
2004 Dec 25, Video footage
aired on Turkish television showed a Turkish ship owner saying he
and a ship captain were being held hostage in Iraq and that
kidnappers demanded a $25 million ransom.
2004 Dec 26, Masked gunmen
assassinated a high-ranking Iraqi police officer in southwestern
Baghdad and wounded his bodyguards.
2004 Dec 27, A suicide bomber
detonated his car at the gate of the home of the leader of Iraq's
biggest political party and most powerful Shiite political group,
killing 15 people and injuring dozens. Abdul Aziz al-Hakim, head of
the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq, the
country's, was unharmed.
2004 Dec 27, The Iraqi Islamic
Party, the biggest Sunni political group, pulled out of the Jan. 30
elections citing the deteriorating security situation.
2004 Dec 28, Insurgents
launched multiple attacks on Iraqi police across the dangerous Sunni
Triangle, killing at least 33 police officers and national
guardsmen. 12 of the policemen near Tikrit had their throats slit.
(AP, 12/28/04)(SFC, 12/29/04, p.A1)(WSJ,
2004 Dec 28, Insurgents lured
police to a house in west Baghdad with an anonymous tip about a
rebel hideout, then set off explosives, killing at least 29 people
and wounding 18.
(AP, 12/29/04)(SFC, 12/29/04, p.A1)
2004 Dec 29, Insurgents tried
to ram a truck with half a ton of explosives into a U.S. military
post in the northern city of Mosul then ambushed reinforcements in a
huge gunbattle in which 25 rebels and one American soldier were
(AP, 12/30/04)(SFC, 12/30/04, p.A1)
2004 Dec 30, In Iraq all 700
employees of the electoral commission in Mosul resigned following
threats by militant groups.
(SFC, 12/31/04, p.A3)
2004 Hans Blix, former UN chief
weapons inspector, authored “Disarming Iraq: The Search for Weapons
of Mass Destruction."
(Econ, 3/13/04, p.83)
2004 Noah Feldman authored
“What We Owe Iraq."
(WSJ, 11/10/04, p.A1)
2004 Steven Vincent authored
“In the Red Zone," a look at Iraqi life outside the Green Zone.
(WSJ, 12/17/04, p.W8)
2004 The new Iraqi government
priced local petrol at one American cent per liter. The policy
caused severe shortages as large amounts leaked over to the black
market where prices were significantly higher.
(Econ, 12/18/04, p.64)
2004 Naguib Sawiris, Egyptian
businessman, started the Middle East’s 1st non-government,
non-satellite television station in Iraq.
(WSJ, 4/18/05, p.B1)
2005 Jan 1, Al-Qaida's arm in
Iraq released a video showing its militants lining up five captured
Iraqi security officers and executing them in the street.
2005 Jan 1, Iraq was forecast
for 10.3% annual GDP growth with a population at 26.5 million and
GDP per head at $1,380.
(Econ, 1/1/05, p.94)
2005 Jan 2, A suicide attacker
detonated a car bomb north of Baghdad, killing at least 22 Iraqi
soldiers. 10 Iraqis were killed in attacks elsewhere.
(AP, 1/2/05)(WSJ, 1/3/05, p.A1)
2005 Jan 3, In Iraq 3 suicide
car bombs, including one that exploded near the Iraqi prime
minister's party headquarters in Baghdad, along with a roadside
explosion, rifle fire and an explosive rigged to a dead body killed
at least 20 people.
(AP, 1/3/05)(SFC, 1/4/05, p.A3)
2005 Jan 4, Insurgents
assassinated the highest-ranking Iraqi official in eight months,
gunning down the governor of Baghdad province and six of his
bodyguards. A suicide truck bomber killed 10 people at an Interior
Ministry commando headquarters. 5 US soldiers were killed in
(AP, 1/4/05)(WSJ, 1/5/05, p.A1)
2005 Jan 5, Iraq's intelligence
chief said as many as 30,000 well-trained terrorists are actively
operating throughout Iraq at the behest of former regime leaders
based in Syria.
2005 Jan 5, A car bomb exploded
outside a police academy south of Baghdad during a graduation
ceremony, killing at least 20 people. Hours earlier, another car
bomb killed two Iraqis in Baghdad. A 2nd car bomber killed five
Iraqi policemen in Baqouba.
(AP, 1/5/05)(AP, 1/6/05)
2005 Jan 5, The bodies of 18
young Iraqi Shiites taken off a bus and executed in December 2005
were found in a field near Mosul.
2005 Jan 6, In Iraq 7 US
soldiers were killed in Baghdad when their Bradley hit a car buried
bomb. 2 Marines were killed in western Iraq.
(WSJ, 1/7/05, p.A1)
2005 Jan 8, In Iraq officials
said Militants had abducted three senior Iraqi officials, beheaded a
man who worked for the U.S. military and killed at least four
2005 Jan 8, The US military
acknowledged 5 people were killed when it bombed the wrong house
during a search operation in northern Iraq. The owner of the house,
Ali Yousef, said 14 people were killed when the 500-pound GPS-guided
bomb hit at about 2 a.m. in the town of Aitha, 30 miles south of
Mosul. An Associated Press photographer at the scene said seven
children and seven adults died.
2005 Jan 9, American troops
opened fire after their convoy was struck by a roadside bomb at a
checkpoint south of Baghdad, killing at least 8 people.
(AP, 1/9/05)(SFC, 1/10/05, p.A1)
2005 Jan 9, In Iraq 7 Ukrainian
soldiers and one Kazakh serving with the U.S.-led coalition were
killed in an explosion while loading bombs that could be used by
2005 Jan 10, In Iraq gunmen
assassinated Baghdad's deputy police chief and his son. A huge
roadside bomb in southwestern Baghdad destroyed a U.S. armored
vehicle and killed two American soldiers.
2005 Jan 11, PM Allawi
acknowledged that parts of Iraq will not be safe enough for people
to vote on Jan 30. A roadside bomb that missed a passing U.S.
military convoy killed 7 Iraqis and wounded one south of Baghdad. A
suicide car bomb at police headquarters in Tikrit killed 6.
Insurgent attacks across Iraq left 19 people dead.
(AP, 1/11/05)(SFC, 1/12/05, p.A1)(SFC, 1/12/05,
2005 Jan 11, The Ukrainian
parliament called for an immediate withdrawal of the nation's
peacekeepers from Iraq. The vote was non-binding but reflected
growing national dismay over the mission.
2005 Jan 12, Insurgents
launched a string of attacks in the northern city of Mosul killing
two Iraqi National Guardsmen and wounding two others in a car
bombing. Sheik Mahmoud Finjan was shot to death as he headed home
after evening prayers in a mosque at the town of Salman Pak
southeast of Baghdad. Attackers also killed Finjan's son and four
bodyguards. Sunni Muslim militants claimed responsibility.
(AP, 1/12/05)(AP, 1/14/05)
2005 Jan 13, In Iraq gunmen
opened fire on a minibus picking up a Turkish businessman from the
Bakhan Hotel in central Baghdad, killing six Iraqis and kidnapping
the Turk, who reportedly ran a construction company that worked with
U.S.-led occupation authorities.
2005 Jan 13, In Iraq's western
Anbar province 2 U.S. Marines were killed in action, and a soldier
died near the restive northern city of Mosul. Gunmen killed three
officials of a leading Kurdish political party in an ambush in the
volatile northern city of Mosul.
2005 Jan 13, In Iraq 28
prisoners held by Iraqi authorities for common crimes escaped as
they were being transported by bus from the Abu Ghraib prison to
another facility. 10 were quickly recaptured.
2005 Jan 14, An Iraqi bus
collided with a U.S. tank that was on patrol, killing six of the bus
passengers and injuring eight.
2005 Jan 14, Attackers fired on
a bus carrying Iraqi national guard members west of Baghdad,
kidnapping 15 guardsmen and leaving the bus in flames.
2005 Jan 15, Sami Mohammed Ali
Said al-Jaaf, also known as Abu Omar al-Kurdi, was arrested during a
raid in Baghdad. On Jan 24 authorities announced the arrest of
Al-Jaaf, an al-Qaida figure allegedly behind the vast majority of
the car bombings in Baghdad.
2005 Jan 15, A military court
at Fort Hood, Texas, sentenced Army Specialist Charles Graner Jr. to
10 years behind bars for physically and sexually mistreating Iraqi
prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison. Graner (42) was released from prison
In Leavenworth, Kansas, on Aug 6, 2011.
(AP, 1/15/06)(SSFC, 8/7/11, p.A10)
2005 Jan 16, In Iraq a total of
17 people were killed in the Baghdad area, including three Iraqi
policemen and three Iraqi National Guard soldiers killed in separate
attacks. As mourners gathered for the policemen's funeral, a suicide
bomber killed another seven people.
2005 Jan 17, Iraqi expatriates
in 14 countries began registering to vote in Iraq's Jan. 30
2005 Jan 17, Gunmen killed 8
Iraqi National Guardsmen at a checkpoint northeast of Baghdad, and 8
people died in a suicide car bombing at a police station outside the
capital. Two Iraqi government auditors were shot to death after
armed gunmen stopped their car in an area southeast of Baghdad. In
Ramadi, officials found four bodies, three civilians and one Iraqi
soldier. They bore handwritten signs declaring them collaborators.
2005 Jan 18, In Iraq a suicide
bombing killed three people outside the offices of a leading Shiite
political party. Insurgents released a video showing 8 Chinese
workers held hostage by gunmen who claim the men are employed by a
construction company working with U.S. troops, in the latest
abduction of foreigners in Iraq. 2 US soldiers died elsewhere.
(AP, 1/18/05)(WSJ, 1/19/05, p.A1)
2005 Jan 18, U.S. soldiers
opened fire on a car as it approached their checkpoint in northern
Iraq, killing 2 civilians in the vehicle's front seats. 6 children
riding in the backseat were unhurt.
2005 Jan 19, A wave of car
bombings shook the Iraqi capital, killing 26 people. Other attacks
were reported north and south of the capital. The al-Qaida in Iraq
terror group claimed that it carried out a truck bombing at the
Australian Embassy in Baghdad that killed two people. A militant
group posted a video on the Web showing gunmen killing
execution-style two Iraqis said to have set up an Internet system in
northern Iraq. American soldiers on patrol in Mosul killed three
insurgents who fired on them from a car. A British security worker
and an Iraqi colleague were killed in an ambush near the Beiji power
station complex. Joao Jose Vasconcellos (50), a Brazilian engineer,
was kidnapped in Baghdad. His remains were returned to Brazil in
(AP, 1/19/05)(SFC, 1/20/05, p.A10)(AP,
2005 Jan 20, North of Baghdad 3
Iraqi army soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in the city of
Samarra. US troops launched Mosul raids. 5 suspected insurgents were
(AP, 1/20/05)(WSJ, 1/21/05, p.A1)
2005 Jan 21, A car bomb
exploded outside a Shiite mosque in Baghdad where worshippers were
celebrating a major Muslim holiday, killing at least 14 people and
wounding 40. A suicide bomber left 7 people dead at a Shiite wedding
party near Youssufiya.
(AP, 1/21/05)(SFC, 1/22/05, p.A10)
2005 Jan 22, Insurgents said
they had executed 15 kidnapped Iraqi National Guardsmen for
cooperating with U.S. forces. Insurgents decided to release 8
Chinese construction workers taken hostage in Iraq after China
pledged to discourage its citizens from traveling to Iraq.
2005 Jan 23, Lebanon's finance
minister played down the transfer by Iraq's Defense Ministry of $500
million in cash to a financial institution in Beirut, saying he
would expect such a transfer to be legal if it was made by the Iraqi
government. Iraqi officials in early January sent some $300 million
on a charter jet to Lebanon to purchase weapons from int’l. arms
(SFC, 1/22/05, p.A10)(AP, 1/23/05)
2005 Jan 23, In Iraq fire swept
through the general hospital in Nasiriyah, killing 14 people and
2005 Jan 24, Authorities in
Iraq said Sami Mohammed Ali Said al-Jaaf, an al-Qaida lieutenant in
custody, had confessed to masterminding most of the car bombings in
2005 Jan 24, A suicide driver
detonated a car bomb outside the prime minister's party
headquarters, injuring at least 10 people in a blast claimed by the
al-Qaida affiliate in Iraq.
2005 Jan 25, In Iraq gunmen
assassinated a senior judge. Roy Hallums, an American hostage
kidnapped in November, pleaded for his life with a rifle pointed at
his head in a newly released video. Hallums was rescued by coalition
troops on Sept. 7, 2005. 11 Iraqi police died in clashes. 6 US
soldiers died, including 5 in a vehicle crash north of Baghdad.
(WSJ, 1/26/05, p.A1)(AP, 1/25/06)
2005 Jan 26, A US military
transport helicopter crashed in bad weather in Iraq's western
desert, killing 31 people, all believed to be Marines. Insurgents
killed five other American troops.
2005 Jan 26, A suicide car
bomber attacked an office of a major Kurdish party, killing or
injuring at least 20 people.
2005 Jan 27, Eleven Iraqis and
one US Marine were killed as insurgents clashed with US troops and
blew up a school slated to serve as a polling center. Authorities
found the bodies of four Iraqi National Guardsmen who had been shot
dead in Ramadi, capital of the troubled Anbar province.
(AP, 1/27/05)(AP, 1/28/05)
2005 Jan 28, Iraq battened down
for the 1st free balloting in half a century, imposing a 7 p.m.-6
a.m. curfew and closing Baghdad Int’l Airport. 5 US soldiers were
killed in the capital and insurgents blasted polling stations across
the country. Iraqi expatriates began voting.
2005 Jan 28, Authorities in
Iraq said they have arrested three close associates of Abu Musab
al-Zarqawi. In southern Iraq a roadside bomb hit an Iraqi police
vehicle, killing one officer. 2 American soldiers were killed in two
separate incidents in Baghdad.
2005 Jan 29, A suicide bomber
attacked a police station in a Kurdish town, killing 8 people, and
insurgents blasted polling places in several cities on the eve of
2005 Jan 30, Iraqis voted to
elect 275 members of a transitional national assembly, which will
write a constitution; 111 members of the Kurdish legislature; and
local councils in Iraq’s 18 provinces. Insurgents struck polling
stations with a string of suicide bombings and mortar volleys,
killing at least 44 people, including 9 attackers. 5 people were
killed and 17 injured when a suicide attacker blew himself up aboard
a minibus bound for a polling station in central Iraq. 260 attacks
left 34 people dead. Security problems in Mosul kept some 15,000
(AP, 1/30/05)(SFC, 2/1/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/8/05,
2005 Jan 30, A British C-130
military transport plane crashed north of Baghdad in Iraq killing 10
troops. An Iraqi insurgent group claimed responsibility for shooting
down the plane in an Internet statement.
2005 Jan 31, Prime Minister
Ayad Allawi, Iraq's interim leader, called on his countrymen to set
aside their differences, while local precincts finished a
first-phase count of millions of ballots from the weekend election.
2005 Jan 31, US guards in
southern Iraq opened fire on prisoners during a riot at the
detention facility for security detainees at Umm Qasr, killing 4 of
them. 6 other prisoners were injured.
2005 Feb 1, A group led by
Jordanian militant Abu Musab al-Zarqawi claimed to have captured the
four Iraqi National Guard soldiers after Sunday's elections.
2005 Feb 2, Abdul-Aziz
al-Hakim, the Shiite Muslim who heads the ticket expected to have
won the largest number of parliamentary seats in Iraq's election,
indicated that his group wants the post of prime minister in the new
government. Leading Sunni Muslim clerics said the country's landmark
elections lacked legitimacy because large numbers of Sunnis did not
participate in the balloting, which the clerics had asked them to
2005 Feb 2, In Iraq 2 civilians
were killed and six injured when insurgents fired mortar shells at a
U.S. base in Tal Afar, 30 miles west of Mosul.
2005 Feb 3, Insurgents struck
back with a vengeance following a post-election lull, waylaying a
minibus carrying new Iraqi army recruits, firing on Iraqis heading
for work at a U.S. base and gunning down an Iraqi soldier in the
capital. At least 18 people, including 2 Marines, died in
2005 Feb 4, Gunmen seized
Giuliana Sgrena, an Italian journalist in central Baghdad, in a hail
of gunfire after she had been interviewing people who fled the US
assault last year on the Sunni insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
2005 Feb 5, Sunni rebels killed
three U.S. troops and at least 33 Iraqis in a string of attacks.
2005 Feb 6, Four Egyptians
working for a mobile phone company were abducted by gunmen in
Baghdad, and Islamic militants threatened to kill an Italian
journalist Feb 7 unless Italy agrees to withdraw its troops.
2005 Feb 7, Insurgents struck
at Iraqi police forces with a suicide bomb, a car bomb and mortars
in the cities of Mosul and Baqouba, killing 31 people.
(AP, 2/7/05)(SFC, 2/8/05, p.A6)
2005 Feb 7, US troops manning a
checkpoint found 4 Egyptian technicians who had been kidnapped the
previous day in Baghdad, freeing them and arresting some of the
2005 Feb 8, A suicide bomber
blew himself up in a crowd of Iraqis outside an army recruitment
center, killing 21 other people and injuring 27 more.
2005 Feb 8, A Web posting in
the name of a militant group in Iraq claimed to have executed
Italian female journalist Giuliana Sgrena.
2005 Feb 9, Gunmen killed an
Iraqi journalist working for a U.S.-funded television station and
his son as they left their home in the southern city of Basra.
Gunmen also killed 3 members of a Kurdish political party and a
Housing Ministry official. The US military announced the deaths of 4
(AP, 2/9/05)(SFC, 2/10/05, p.A9)
2005 Feb 10, A car bomb
detonated by remote control exploded in a crowded central Baghdad
square moments after an American military convoy passed, killing at
least two Iraqis and wounding two others. Insurgents attacked Iraqi
police in Salman Pak and killed at least 6.
(AP, 2/10/05)(SFC, 2/11/05, p.A20)
2005 Feb 11, A car bomb
exploded outside a Shiite mosque northeast of Baghdad, killing at
least 12 people and injuring dozens. Masked men sprayed gunfire into
a crowd at a bakery in a mostly Shiite neighborhood in the capital,
killing 11 people. A US Marine and an Army soldier were killed in
separate traffic accidents.
(AP, 2/11/05)(AP, 2/12/05)
2005 Feb 12, In Iraq a car bomb
exploded in front of a hospital in a mostly Shiite town south of
Baghdad, killing 17 people and wounding 21 others. A prominent Iraqi
judge was assassinated by two gunmen on a motorcycle in the southern
port city of Basra. In Mosul the bodies of 6 Iraqi and 6 Kurdish
guards were dumped. US troops in Mosul killed 9 insurgents.
(AP, 2/12/05)(SSFC, 2/13/05, p.A12)
2005 Feb 13, Results from
Iraq's elections were released and showed that majority Shiite
Muslims won 48% of the votes, giving the long-oppressed group
significant power but not enough to form a government on its own.
(AP, 2/13/05)(SFC, 2/15/05, p.A1)
2005 Feb 13, Insurgents
attacked a US convoy and a government building near the northern
Iraqi city of Mosul, leaving at least four people dead. Two Iraqi
National Guard troops were also killed while trying to defuse a
roadside bomb. Gunmen ambushed a car carrying an Iraqi general in a
Shiite neighborhood of Baghdad, killing him and two companions.
2005 Feb 14, A roadside bomb
killed three Iraqi National Guard troops. Insurgents blew up an oil
pipeline near Kirkuk and killed two senior police officers in
2005 Feb 17, Iraq's electoral
commission certified the results of the Jan. 30 elections and
allocated 140 of 275 National Assembly seats to the United Iraqi
Alliance, giving the Shiite-dominated party a majority in the new
2005 Feb 18, Explosions ripped
through Baghdad, killing about 3 dozen people and injuring dozens on
the eve of Ashura, Shiite Islam's most important holiday.
(AP, 2/18/05)(SFC, 2/19/05, p.A1)
2005 Feb 19, Eight suicide
bombings in Baghdad and other parts of Iraq killed over 50 people,
including a US soldier, and injured 150 as Shiite Muslim worshippers
around the country celebrated Ashura, their holiest day of the year.
(AP, 2/19/05)(SSFC, 2/20/05, p.A1)
2005 Feb 20, Iraqi and US
security forces surrounded the city of Ramadi in an effort to
confront a simmering insurgency there.
(SFC, 2/21/05, p.A8)
2005 Feb 20, Iraqi forces
captured Talib Mikhlif Arsan Walman al-Dulaymi (aka Abu Qutaybah), a
key aide to Jordanian-born terrorist Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, who leads
an insurgency affiliated with Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network.
2005 Feb 21, In Iraq a roadside
bomb in southwestern Baghdad killed 3 US soldiers.
(SFC, 2/22/05, p.A3)
2005 Feb 22, Interim Iraqi Vice
President Ibrahim al-Jaafari was chosen as his Shiite ticket's
candidate for prime minister after Ahmad Chalabi dropped his bid.
2005 Feb 22, PM John Howard
said Australia will send an extra 450 troops to Iraq to help protect
a Japanese humanitarian mission and bolster the country's transition
2005 Feb 23, In Iraq a car bomb
exploded in Mosul, killing 2 people and wounding 14 others.
2005 Feb 24, A suicide bomber
wearing a police uniform blew up his car at police headquarters in
Tikrit, killing at least 15 people in Saddam Hussein's hometown in
the bloodiest of several attacks that claimed 30 lives. Two American
soldiers were among the dead.
2005 Feb 25, In Iraq a roadside
bomb blast killed three US soldiers and wounded eight others north
of Baghdad. Saboteurs blew up an oil pipeline in northern Iraq. In
Mosul the body of Raiedah Mohammed Wageh Wazan, a female Iraqi
television presenter kidnapped last week, was found dead from 4
gunshots to the head.
(AP, 2/25/05)(AP, 2/26/05)
2005 Feb 26, Iraqi security
forces captured a son of one of Saddam Hussein's half brothers, who
allegedly financed the insurgency, in a raid on suspected militants
near Tikrit. Ayman Sabawi is the son of Sabawi Ibrahim al-Hassan, a
half brother of Saddam's, who served as a presidential adviser
before the US-led invasion.
2005 Feb 26, In Baghdad a
suicide bomber detonated his vehicle alongside an M1 Abrams tank and
killed himself and two Iraqis. A US soldier died during a sweep for
insurgents west of Baghdad. A car bomb in the Mussayyib district
south of Baghdad killed an Iraqi soldier.
(AP, 2/26/05)(SSFC, 2/27/05, p.A10)
2005 Feb 27, Iraqi security
forces reported the capture of Saddam Hussein's half-brother and
former adviser. Sabawi Ibrahim al-Hassan, the 6 of diamonds, was No.
36 on the list of 55 most-wanted Iraqis. Syria captured al-Hassan
and 29 other fugitives and handed them over to Iraqi security. 2
American soldiers were killed in an ambush in the capital.
(AP, 2/27/05)(SFC, 2/28/05, p.A1)
2005 Feb 28, In Iraq a suicide
car bomber blasted a crowd of police and national guard recruits as
they gathered for physicals outside a medical clinic in Hillah,
south of Baghdad, killing 125 people and wounding 132.
(AP, 3/1/05)(AP, 2/28/06)
2005 Feb, An Iraqi TV program
began airing confessions of alleged insurgents. The program later
came under criticism from Iraqi lawyers, former detainees and
families of suspects who accused security officials of abusing
suspects to extract the confessions.
2005 Mar 1, French journalist
Florence Aubenas, looking pale and distraught, appealed for help on
a video in her first since she went missing in Iraq on Jan. 5.
2005 Mar 1, In northern
Baghdad's Azamyiah district gunmen killed judge Barwez Mohammed
Mahmoud (59) and his lawyer son, members of Iraq’s war crimes
(AP, 3/2/05)(SFC, 3/2/05, p.A12)
2005 Mar 1, Ukraine’s top
security body decided to Ukrainian troops from Iraq.
(SFC, 3/2/05, p.A12)
2005 Mar 2, Two car bombs
killed at least 14 Iraqi soldiers in separate attacks, and the
al-Qaida group in Iraq claimed responsibility for one.
(SFC, 3/3/05, p.A6)(WSJ, 3/3/05, p.A1)
2005 Mar 3, In Iraq car bombs
killed six policemen and wounded 15 in new attacks on security
services as political factions wrangled over putting together a
2005 Mar 4, In Iraq Pvt. Gardi
Gardev, a Bulgarian soldier, was killed by friendly fire." President
Georgi Parvanov summoned U.S. Ambassador James Pardew on Mar 7 and
complained about the lack of coordination between coalition troops
2005 Mar 4, American troops
fired on a car taking Giuliana Sgrena to Baghdad's airport and
wounded her. Nicola Calipari, the Italian intelligence officer who
negotiated her freedom, was hit by the gunfire and died in her arms.
Sgrena returned to Italy the next day. In 2007 an Italian court
threw out the case against the US soldier charged in the shooting of
(AP, 3/5/05)(AP, 10/25/07)
2005 Mar 7, In Iraq guerrillas
launched a series of attacks that left 33 people dead and dozens
(AP, 3/7/05)(SFC, 3/8/05, p.A10)
2005 Mar 8, In Iraq clashes
erupted between US troops and insurgents in the city of Ramadi,
leaving at least two people dead.
2005 Mar 9, Iraqi officials
said that 41 bodies, some bullet-riddled, others beheaded, have been
found at two separate sites. They believe some of the corpses are
Iraqi soldiers kidnapped and killed by insurgents. 4 people were
killed in Baghdad when a suicide bomber drove an explosives-packed
truck into a hotel used by US contractors.
(AP, 3/9/05)(WSJ, 3/10/05, p.A1)
2005 Mar 10, Iraq's main Shiite
party and a Kurdish bloc reached a deal that sets the stage for a
new government to be formed when the National Assembly convenes next
2005 Mar 10, The UN panel
overseeing compensation for victims of Iraq's 1990 invasion of
Kuwait approved new awards worth $265 million, mostly to families of
people who died in Iraqi detention.
2005 Mar 10, In Baghdad, Iraq,
gunmen killed 2 district police chiefs and 2 others Iraqis. A
suicide attacker in Mosul set off a bomb that tore through a funeral
tent jammed with Shiite mourners. The attack killed 47 and wounded
more than 100.
2005 Mar 12, In Iraq gunmen
shot to death three policemen and wounded a 4th at a funeral
procession in the northern city of Mosul. 2 US security contractors
were killed by a roadside bomb south of Baghdad.
(AP, 3/12/05)(WSJ, 3/14/05, p.A1)
2005 Mar 12, Ukraine withdrew
150 servicemen from Iraq, starting a gradual pullout that officials
have said will be completed by October.
2005 Mar 15, Three car bombs
exploded in Baghdad, killing at least 5 people.
2005 Mar 15, Pres. Berlusconi
announced that Italy would begin pulling its 3,300 troops out of
Iraq in September. The next day he said the withdrawal date was
merely a hope.
(AP, 3/16/05)(Econ, 3/19/05, p.56)
2005 Mar 16, Iraq's first
freely elected parliament in half a century began its opening
session after a series of explosions targeted the gathering.
2005 Mar 19, In Iraq attackers
gunned down a police officer in Kirkuk, then bombed a funeral
procession carrying his corpse, killing three other policemen and
2005 Mar 19, In Iraq a
previously unknown militant group posted a video on the Internet on
purporting to show 2 Egyptian engineers kidnapped for allegedly
supporting US forces.
2005 Mar 19, Tens of thousands
of anti-war protesters demonstrated across Europe to mark the second
anniversary of the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, with 45,000 marching
from London's Hyde Park past the American Embassy.
2005 Mar 20, Insurgents
targeted Iraqi security forces and government buildings with
gunfire, suicide bomb attacks and mortar rounds, leaving at least
five people dead. A bomb blast near Kirkuk killed a U.S. soldier and
wounded three. US troops killed 26 militants following an attack on
a convoy SE of Baghdad.
(AP, 3/20/05)(AP, 3/21/05)
2005 Mar 21, Insurgent attacks
across Iraq left seven civilians and three Iraqi soldiers dead.
2005 Mar 21, Iraqi officials at
the morgue in the southeastern city of Kut said the facility
received the bodies of six slain Iraqi army soldiers, five collected
together, one separately.
2005 Mar 22, Militants targeted
a US patrol with a roadside bomb that killed four nearby civilians
in the northern city of Mosul. In Baghdad private citizens struck an
insurgent patrol carrying grenades and killed 3 in a gun battle.
(AP, 3/22/05)(SFC, 3/23/05, p.A3)
2005 Mar 22, Iraqi and US
forces killed 80 militants in a battle west of Tikrit.
2005 Mar 23, Iraqi commandos
backed by US forces raided a suspected guerrilla training camp and
reportedly killed 85 fighters. Insurgents said only 11 were killed.
7 Iraqi commandos were killed.
(AP, 3/23/05)(SFC, 3/25/05, p.A3)
2005 Mar 24, Iraqi police
mistook a group of Iraqi soldiers for insurgents and opened fire,
sparking a 10-minute gunbattle that killed five in the northern town
2005 Mar 24, A suicide bomber
detonated an explosives-laden vehicle near the central city of
Ramadi, killing 11 Iraqi police commandos and injuring 14 other
people including 2 US soldiers. In an eastern Baghdad neighborhood,
attackers killed 5 female translators working for the US military.
Police found 2 decapitated bodies clad in Iraqi army uniforms west
2005 Mar 26, In Iraq a car bomb
struck a US military patrol in Baghdad, killing two U.S. soldiers
and injuring two others.
2005 Mar 25, In Iraq Maj. Gen.
Salman Muhammad, head of an Iraqi national guard division in Basra,
was assassinated on route to a funeral. One of 2 sons was also
(SFC, 3/26/05, p.A11)
2005 Mar 27, Iraqi security
officials opened fire on a crowd of protesters outside a government
building, killing one. Al-Qaida's arm in Iraq posted a video
purportedly showing an Iraqi Interior Ministry official being
2005 Mar 28, In Iraq 3 Romanian
journalists and their translator were abducted near their Baghdad
hotel. The journalists were freed by US forces on May 22. In 2015
Iraqi-born Mohammad Munaf, sentenced in absentia to 10 years prison
in 2008 by the Bucharest Appeals Court, was brought to Romania.
Munaf was the journalists' guide at the time of the kidnapping and
had been held by the US military since May 2005. A Syrian
businessman was serving a 20-year sentence in Romania for
masterminding the kidnapping.
(AP, 3/29/05)(SSFC, 10/15/06, p.A20)(AP, 8/27/15)
2005 Mar 29, A video surfaced
on the Internet showing three drivers who said they worked for a
Jordanian trucking company being shot by gunmen claiming to belong
to a militant Islamic group in Iraq.
2005 Mar 30, In Iraq two US
soldiers died in separate clashes. A car bomb exploded in western
Baghdad, killing one person and injuring at least six others. Gunmen
also opened fire on a truck carrying faithful near Hillah, 60 miles
south of Baghdad. One person was killed.
(AP, 3/30/05)(AP, 3/31/05)
2005 Mar 31, A suicide bomber
blew up his car south of Kirkuk, killing two Iraqi army soldiers and
three bystanders. A second car bomber attacked a joint U.S.-Iraqi
patrol in the center of Samarra, killing three people and injuring
more than a dozen others. Bombings and ambushes across Iraq left at
least a dozen Iraqis and one USD soldier dead.
(AP, 3/31/05)(SFC, 4/1/05, p.A3)
2005 Mar 31, A US presidential
commission reported that US intelligence agencies were dead wrong in
their prewar assessment of Iraq’s nuclear, biological and chemical
(SFC, 4/1/05, p.A1)
2005 Apr 1, Influential Sunni
scholars encouraged Iraqis to join the country's security forces and
protect the country, issuing an edict that departed sharply from
earlier warnings against participating in the fledgling police and
2005 Apr 2, In central Iraq a
car bomb exploded, killing five people, including 4 police officers
on patrol. A gunmen killed an education official in Baghdad. A US
Marine was killed in Ramadi. 40-60 insurgents attacked the Abu
Ghraib prison but were repelled by US forces.
(AP, 4/2/05)(SSFC, 4/3/05, p.A3)
2005 Apr 3, Iraqi lawmakers
elected Sunni Arab Hachem Hassani as parliament speaker and Shiite
and Kurdish leaders as his deputies, ending days of deadlock.
(AP, 4/3/05)(WSJ, 4/4/05, p.A1)
2005 Apr 4, A joint US-Iraqi
attack on dozens of insurgents in eastern Diyala province left two
American soldiers and one Iraqi soldier dead. A suicide bomber blew
himself up near the gates of Abu Ghraib prison.
(AP, 4/5/05)(SFC, 4/5/05, p.A3)
2005 Apr 5, In Baghdad's
southern Dora neighborhood, an abandoned taxi exploded on an
expressway near a U.S. patrol, killing a US soldier and wounding
four others. A US Marine was killed by an explosion in the
sprawling, western province of Anbar.
2005 Apr 5, Zalmay Khalilzad, a
former White House official who has served as US ambassador in his
native Afghanistan, was named to take over the post in Iraq.
2005 Apr 6, The Iraqi
parliament chose Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani as the country's new
interim president, reaching out to a long-repressed minority and
bringing the country closer to its first democratically elected
government in 50 years.
2005 Apr 7, Ibrahim al-Jaafari,
a Shiite, was named Iraq's interim prime minister; Kurdish leader
Jalal Talabani was sworn in as interim president.
2005 Apr 8, In Iraq 4 children
collecting trash were killed by a homemade bomb in Baghdad, and
masked gunmen killed an Iraqi Army officer in a restaurant in the
southern city of Basra.
2005 Apr 8, Fadhil al-Shawky, a
senior al-Sadr official who had arrived from Karbala to take part in
a protest, was gunned down in the New Baghdad neighborhood.
2005 Apr 9, Tens of thousands
of Shiites marked the anniversary of the fall of Baghdad with a
protest against the American military presence at the square where
Iraqis and U.S. troops toppled a statue of Saddam Hussein two years
2005 Apr 9, Militants in Iraq
kidnapped Malik Mohammed Javed, a Pakistani diplomat, on his way to
a mosque for prayers. The Omar bin Khattab group, a previously
unknown group, claimed responsibility for the abduction.
2005 Apr 10, In Iraq Pres.
Talabani called for extending amnesty to insurgents, but excluded
clemency for al Qaeda and other armed foreign groups.
(SFC, 4/11/05, p.A3)
2005 Apr 11, In Iraq
people were killed in Samarra when a bomb went off near a passing US
convoy. An American contractor was abducted.
(WSJ, 4/12/05, p.A1)
2005 Apr 12, The Iraqi
government said it captured Fadhil Ibrahim Mahmud Al-Mashadani, a
former member of Saddam Hussein's regime who was believed to be
funding the insurgency. Al-Mashadani was a high-ranking member of
Saddam's Baath Party and was "among the main facilitators of many
terrorist attacks. Militants ambushed a convoy carrying Iraq's
deputy interior minister, killing a bodyguard and wounding the
deputy's son and two other people.
2005 Apr 13, Al-Jazeera showed
video of Jeffrey Ake, who the US Embassy said appeared to be the
American kidnapped earlier this week in Baghdad. A bomb exploded
while being defused near a Kirkuk pipeline and 11 members of the
Facilities Protection Service were killed. A suicide bomber killed 5
Iraqis when he drove his car into a US convoy down Baghdad’s airport
road. 4 US contract workers were injured.
(AP, 4/13/05)(SFC, 4/14/05, p.A3)
2005 Apr 14, In Iraq 2 car
bombs tore through a crowded street in front of the Interior
Ministry in central Baghdad, killing 18 people and wounding three
dozen others. Seven gunmen in northern Iraq fired on a police
station just south of Kirkuk, killing 5 police officers and one
civilian. A suicide bomber blew himself up near an Iraqi police
checkpoint in Mahawil, 50 miles south of Baghdad, killing 4
policemen and wounding 6 others.
2005 Apr 15, Sunni militants
seized a 35-50 Shiite hostages in the central Iraqi town of Madain
and threatened to kill them unless all Shiites leave.
2005 Apr 16, Bombings around
Iraq killed 24 people. 11 detainees upset about their treatment by
US captors escaped from the military's largest detention center in
Iraq by climbing through a hole in the fence. Armed militants tried
to force their way into Camp Blue Diamond near Ramadi and some
(AP, 4/16/05)(AP, 4/17/05)
2005 Apr 16, Marla Ruzicka
(28), California-based founder of CIVIC (Campaign for Innocent
Victims of Conflict), died in a car bombing in Iraq, where she had
been on and off since the March 2003 invasion began, conducting
door-to-door surveys to determine the number of civilian casualties.
(AP, 4/18/05)(SFC, 4/18/05, p.A1)
2005 Apr 17, Iraqi security
forces raided a town in central Iraq where Sunni militants were
holding dozens of Shiite Muslims hostage and threatening to kill
them. 3 American soldiers were killed and 7 service members wounded
overnight when insurgents fired mortar rounds at a US Marine base
2005 Apr 18, Iraqi security
forces, backed by U.S. military, swept into Madain, a town south of
Baghdad, but found no hostages despite reports that Sunni militants
had kidnapped as many as 100 Shiites there.
2005 Apr 19, A suicide car bomb
outside an Iraqi army recruitment center and other attacks killed a
dozen people and wounded more than 50.
2005 Apr 20, Iraq’s President
Jalal Talabani said the bodies of more than 50 people have been
recovered from the Tigris River and have been identified. The bodies
were believed to have been those of hostages seized in the Madain
(Madaen) region earlier this month.
(AP, 4/20/05)(Econ, 5/7/05, p.19)
2005 Apr 20, The bodies of 19
Iraqis were left in a soccer stadium in Haditha 140 miles northwest
of Baghdad. 3 suicide car bombs, including one targeting a U.S.
convoy, and several shootings left at least six Iraqis dead in
2005 Apr 21, A commercial
helicopter contracted by the US Defense Department was shot down by
missile fire north of Baghdad. 11 people aboard, including 6
American bodyguards, were killed. A roadside bomb exploded on the
highway leading to Baghdad's airport morning, heavily damaging 3
SUVs carrying civilians. Police said 2 foreigners were killed and 3
(WSJ, 4/22/05, p.A1)(AP, 4/21/06)
2005 Apr 22, A car bomb
exploded during prayers at a Shiite mosque in Baghdad, killing eight
people and wounding 20. A militant group claimed responsibility for
shooting down a Russian-made helicopter carrying 11 civilians and
released a video purportedly showing insurgents shooting the crash's
2005 Apr 22, Al Jazeera
television reported that insurgents gave Romania 4 days to
withdraw its troops from Iraq in order to save the lives of 3
journalists kidnapped last month.
2005 Apr 23, Iraqi insurgents
struck across the country with bomb attacks, killing at least 16
people, including an American soldier. US forces captured six men
suspected in the downing of a civilian helicopter and the shooting
death of the lone survivor.
2005 Apr 23, A television
cameraman working for The Associated Press was killed when gunfire
broke out after an explosion in the northern city of Mosul. An AP
photographer was wounded in the same incident.
2005 Apr 24, A car bomb
exploded outside a police academy in Tikrit, Saddam Hussein's
hometown. Another one went off moments later as authorities rushed
to the scene, killing at least six Iraqis and wounding 33. Deaths
from car bombings targeting police and civilians in Tikrit and
Baghdad rose to 29.
2005 Apr 24, A US soldier was
killed when a roadside bomb exploded as his convoy passed west of
2005 Apr 27, Lamia Abed
Khadouri al-Sagri, a member of the National Assembly and of outgoing
premier Ayad Allawi's Iraqi List party, was killed in her house in
the Hay Aour neighborhood in eastern Baghdad.
2005 Apr 28, In Iraq Ahmad
Chalabi captured a key position in the new government, a deputy
prime minister's spot and temporary control of the lucrative oil
2005 Apr 28, Lt. Col. Ala'a
Khalil Ibrahim, who worked in the visa section of the Interior
Ministry, was shot dead on the way to work by gunmen in Baghdad's
eastern section of al-Shaab. A suicide car bomb exploded near an
Iraqi army checkpoint, wounding four Iraqi soldiers, three U.S.
soldiers and seven Iraqi civilians.
2005 Apr 28, Four US soldiers
were killed and two wounded when a Task Force Freedom convoy was hit
by a roadside bomb in Tal Afar city, 90 miles east of the Syrian
2005 Apr 28, Islamic militant
group Army of Ansar al-Sunna said it shot dead six abducted Sudanese
drivers working for U.S. forces in Iraq, according to a video posted
on the Internet.
2005 Apr 28-2005 Oct 14, At
least 3,663 Iraqis were killed in war-related violence during this
period leading up to the vote on a new constitution according to an
Associated Press count.
2005 Apr 29, An audiotape
purportedly by America's most-wanted insurgent in Iraq, Abu Musab
al-Zarqawi, posted on the Internet and threatened more attacks
against U.S. forces and urges followers to be wary of any American
attempts at dialogue.
2005 Apr 29, Insurgents set off
at least 17 bombs in Iraq, killing at least 50 people, including 5
US soldiers, in a series of attacks aimed at shaking Iraq's newly
(SFC, 4/30/05, p.A1)(AP, 5/1/05)
2005 Apr 30, Insurgents
launched fresh attacks in Baghdad and northern Iraq, killing at
least 10 Iraqis and wounding more than 30.
2005 May 1, In Iraq insurgents
launched a 3rd straight day of attacks, including ambushes, car
bombs and a drive-by shooting, killing nine Iraqis and wounding more
2005 May 1, Five suspects were
arrested by Iraqi forces and confessed to the kidnapping and murder
of British aid worker Margaret Hassan.
2005 May 1, In northern Iraq a
car bomb obliterated a tent packed with mourners at the funeral of a
Kurdish official, killing 25 people and wounding more than 50 in the
single deadliest attack since insurgents started bearing down on
Iraq's newly named government late last week.
2005 May 1, A videotape
released by Iraqi militants showed Douglas Wood (63), a kidnapped an
Australian man living in California, who pleaded for U.S.-led
coalition forces to leave Iraq to save his life.
2005 May 2, A car bomb exploded
in an upscale shopping district of Baghdad, killing at least six
Iraqis and setting fire to an apartment building.
2005 May 2, Coalition soldiers
fought suspected insurgents near Qaim, a Syrian border town, in a
battle that killed 12 militants, injured a 6-year-old girl and
wounded six coalition soldiers.
2005 May 3, Shiite Arab leader
Ibrahim al-Jaafari was sworn in as prime minister as Iraq's first
democratically elected government took office.
2005 May 3, Insurgents attacked
coalition forces in Ramadi, setting off a battle that killed 12
militants, an Iraqi soldier and two Iraqi civilians.
2005 May 3, Two American
soldiers died in roadside bomb attacks by insurgents in Baghdad.
2005 May 4, An Iraqi carrying
hidden explosives detonated them outside a police recruitment center
in Arbil where people were applying for jobs, killing at least 60
Iraqis and wounding some 100. The Iraqi militant group Ansar
al-Sunnah claimed responsibility for the bombing saying in a Web
statement the attack was revenge for the Kurds' alliance with US
(AP, 5/4/05)(SFC, 5/5/05, p.A1)(Econ, 5/7/05,
2005 May 4, Japanese media
reported Japan will withdraw its 550 soldiers from their non-combat
mission in Iraq in December.
2005 May 4, The Danish
government said that the mission of Denmark's 530 troops in southern
Iraq would be extended until Feb 1.
2005 May 5, Insurgents killed
at least 20 people in three separate attacks targeting Iraqi
security forces in Baghdad, including one by a man who blew himself
up while waiting in line outside an army recruitment center.
2005 May 6, Arab television
station al-Jazeera said militants holding an Australian engineer
hostage have issued a 72-hour ultimatum for Australia to start
pulling troops out of Iraq.
2005 May 6, Insurgent car bombs
struck a market in Suwayrah killing 17 civilians, and a police bus
in Tikrit, killing at least 8 policemen.
2005 May 6, At least a dozen
bodies were found buried at a garbage dump on the outskirts of
Baghdad, some of them blindfolded and shot in the head.
2005 May 6, Romania's foreign
minister said his government would keep its troops in Iraq
supporting postwar operations despite the kidnapping of three
2005 May 7, In Iraq US forces
began Operation Matador, aimed at clearing a region believed to be a
haven for foreign fighters slipping into Iraq from Syria.
2005 May 7, In Iraq gunmen
stopped a minibus in which the 6 men were carrying the coffin of a
relative to a funeral service in the Shiite city of Najaf. The 6
men, 3 of them brothers, were kidnapped and killed, and the
attackers threw the coffin into the nearby Euphrates River.
2005 May 7, Two suicide car
bombs exploded in a central Baghdad square, killing 22 people,
including two American contract workers. 3 US Marines and one sailor
were killed in a bombing and firefight in Haditha.
(AP, 5/7/05)(SFC, 5/9/05, p.A1)
2005 May 8, Iraq's parliament
approved six Cabinet nominees, handing four more posts to the
disaffected Sunni Arab minority. Iraq's newly approved human rights
minister turned down the job, saying he was selected only because he
was a Sunni Arab.
2005 May 8, In Iraq gunmen shot
and killed a senior official in Iraq's Transportation Ministry in
Baghdad. Zoba Yass, director general of the ministry's projects, and
his driver were killed.
2005 May 8, In central Iraq 3
US soldiers were killed in separate attacks.
2005 May 8, In Iraq the Ansar
al-Sunnah Army kidnapped Akihiko Saito (44), after ambushing a group
of five foreign contractors. It later said Saito was "seriously
injured" in the fighting and that the others had died.
2005 May 8-9, American troops
backed by helicopters and war planes launched a major offensive
against insurgents in a remote desert area near the Syrian border,
and about 100 militants were killed in the first 24 hours.
(AP, 5/9/05)(SFC, 5/10/05, p.A1)
2005 May 10, Gunmen kidnapped
the governor of Iraq's western Anbar province and told his family he
would be released when US forces withdraw from Qaim, the site of a
major new offensive against followers of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. Gov.
Raja Nawaf Farhan al-Mahalawi was later killed.
2005 May 10, US forces backed
by helicopter gunships and warplanes swept through western Iraq near
the Syrian border for a third day, raiding desert outposts and safe
houses belonging to insurgents.
2005 May 11, In Hawija, Iraq, a
man with explosives strapped to his body killed at least 30 people
at a recruitment center. A wave of explosions and gunfire across
Iraq killed at least 39 more people.
2005 May 11, In western Iraq 4
Marines were killed when their troop transporter was struck by a
bomb near Karabilah, a village close to the Syrian border, during
2005 May 12, Militants
assassinated a general and a colonel who were en route to work, and
a car bomb exploded near a busy market and movie theater in eastern
Baghdad, part of a wave of attacks that killed at least 21 Iraqis
and wounded more than 70.
2005 May 13, Iraq announced it
has renewed its state of emergency for another 30 days following two
weeks of insurgent-led violence that killed hundreds of people.
2005 May 14, In Iraq insurgents
staged a series of attacks, killing at least 9 people. The US
military wrapped up Operation Matador, a major offensive in a remote
desert region near the Syrian border.
(AP, 5/14/05)(AP, 5/14/06)
2005 May 15, The bodies of 46
men shot execution-style were found dumped at an abandoned chicken
farm, a trash-strewn lot and an insurgent stronghold west of the
capital. Gunmen in two cars shot dead Industry Ministry official
Col. Jassam Mohammed al-Lahibi and his driver in western Baghdad's
Ghazaliyah neighborhood. attackers killed Shiite cleric Sheik Qassim
al-Gharawi and his nephew in the capital's New Baghdad neighborhood.
2 explosions detonated about five minutes apart in a busy street as
residents were heading to work in Baqouba killing four people and
(AP, 5/15/05)(SFC, 5/16/05, p.A1)
2005 May 15, Gunmen freed the
kidnapped governor of Iraq's western Anbar province after US troops
ended a weeklong offensive in the region. 125 insurgents were
reported killed along with 9 US soldiers in Operation Matador.
(AP, 5/15/05)(WSJ, 5/16/05, p.A1)
2005 May 15, Secretary of State
Condoleezza Rice paid a surprise visit to Iraq to express support
for its new government.
2005 May 16, In Iraq 8 more
bodies were found executed by insurgents. Attacks left at least 24
(WSJ, 5/17/05, p.A1)(SFC, 5/17/05, p.A1)
2005 May 17, In Baghdad gunmen
killed a Shiite Muslim cleric, and two missing Sunni clerics were
found shot dead. Gunmen abducted and killed former Baath Party
member Kanis Mohammed al-Janabi and his three sons, aged 17 to 25 in
2005 May 17, Cyrus Kar,
Iranian-American filmmaker, was arrested by Iraqi security forces
after washing machine timers were found in the trunk of a taxi in
which he was traveling. He was in Iraq to film footage on the
ancient Persian king Cyrus the Great. Kar was released July 10. In
2006 Kar sued US military officials for his 55-day detention.
(SFC, 7/7/05, p.A18)(AP, 7/10/05)(SFC, 7/8/06,
2005 May 18, Insurgents gunned
down a senior Iraqi Interior Ministry official and the bodies of
seven men shot in the head were found dumped west of Baghdad.
2005 May 19, Iraq's prime
minister called on Syria to block the infiltration of foreign
fighters trying to start a civil war. 25 Iraqis, including an Oil
Ministry engineer, and 4 US soldiers were reported killed in the
ongoing daily bloodshed. Oil Ministry employee Ali Hamid Alwan
al-Dulaimy (31) walked out of his house toward his car when three
men firing pistols from a minivan killed him.
(AP, 5/19/05)(WSJ, 5/20/05, p.A1)
2005 May 20, Thousands of
Shiites, many waving Islam's holy book over their heads, protested
the US presence in Iraq. Sunnis shut down places of worship
elsewhere in a show of anger over alleged sectarian violence against
2005 May 21, Sunni groups
joined forces to form a political and religious organization to
represent the minority as it seeks to gain influence in Iraq's new
2005 May 22, Seven Iraqi
battalions backed by US forces launched an offensive in Baghdad in
an effort to stanch the violence that has killed more than 550
people in less than a month.
2005 May 22, In Iraq gunmen
killed a top trade ministry official while aides of a radical Shiite
cleric met with a key Sunni group seeking to ease sectarian
2005 May 22, In Iraq 3 Romanian
journalists and their Iraqi-American guide were freed after nearly
two months in captivity. Mohammed Munaf, their Iraqi-American
translator, was later tried and convicted on charges that he
assisted in the kidnapping. In 2006 Munaf was sentenced to death.
(AP, 5/22/05)(SSFC, 10/15/06, p.A20)
2005 May 23, A string of car
bombs and suicide attacks across Iraq killed at least 49 Iraqis and
wounded more than 130. Militants assassinated a top national
security official. Five US troops were killed by roadside bombs and
a vehicle accident.
(AP, 5/23/05)(AP, 5/24/05)
2005 May 24, In Iraq a car bomb
exploded near a Baghdad junior high school for girls, killing six
people. 3 US soldiers were killed in central Baghdad when a car bomb
exploded next to their convoy. A US soldier sitting in the back of a
Bradley fighting vehicle at an observation post was shot to death by
gunmen in a passing car.
2005 May 24, A Web site that
acts as the clearinghouse for messages from Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
said that Iraq's most-wanted militant had been wounded "for the sake
of God" and asked Muslims to pray for his recovery.
2005 May 25, About 1,000 US
Marines, sailors and soldiers encircled Haditha city in the troubled
2005 May 26, The Iraqi
government announced that a security cordon of 40,000 Iraqi soldiers
and police will ring Baghdad starting next week to try to halt a
spree of insurgent violence. Attacks left 15 Iraqis and one Marine
(AP, 5/26/05)(WSJ, 5/27/05, p.A1)
2005 May 26, The Iraqi
government arrested Musaab Kasser Abdul Rahman Hassan, known as Abu
Younis, a suspected member of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi's al-Qaida in
Iraq. The government claimed he was responsible for building car
bombs and carrying out more than 60 bombings around the capital. The
arrest was not announced until June 19.
2005 May 26, In central Iraq 2
US soldiers were killed when their helicopter was shot down and
2005 May 27, An Internet
posting said Abu Musab al-Zarqawi is in good health and is running
his terror organization.
2005 May 27, In Iraq gunmen
shot and killed a moderate Sunni Muslim tribal leader with close
ties to Iraqi Kurds in the northern city of Kirkuk. Sheik Sabhan
Khalaf al-Jibouri, 52, died in a hail of machine-gun fire outside
2005 May 28, In Iraq 2 suicide
attackers detonated car bombs in northern Iraq, killing at least
five Iraqis, and the government confirmed the death of a Japanese
hostage abducted earlier this month. Attacks killed at least 45
Iraqis over the past 2 days including 10 people returning from a
religious pilgrimage in Syria. A US Marine was killed when a
roadside bomb struck his vehicle in northwestern Iraq.
(AP, 5/28/05)(AP, 5/30/05)
2005 May 28, More than 40,000
Iraqi police and soldiers, backed by American troops and air
support, began “Operation Lightning" against insurgents in Baghdad.
2005 May 29, In Iraq suicide
bombings and ambushes killed at least 30 people, including a British
soldier. Iraqi forces swept through Baghdad, erecting checkpoints
and searching vehicles as they launched the largest offensive of its
kind since Saddam Hussein's ouster.
(AP, 5/29/05)(SFC, 5/30/05, p.A1)
2005 May 29, In Iraq Maj. Gen.
Ahmed al-Barazanchi, the director of internal affairs of Kirkuk
province and a former police chief, was shot several times. He died
the next day.
2005 May 29, The body of Raja
Nawaf Farhan al-Mahalawi, governor of Anbar province, was found
killed. Insurgents had abducted him May 10.
2005 May 30, In Iraq 2 suicide
bombers blew themselves up in a crowd of police officers in Hilla,
south of Baghdad, killing 31 people and wounding 108, while US
forces mistakenly detained a Sunni political leader on the 2nd day
of an Iraqi-led security sweep in the capital.
(AP, 5/30/05)(SFC, 5/31/05, p.A1)
2005 May 30, In Iraq separate
air crashes killed 4 American and 4 Italian troops.
2005 Jun 1, A suicide bomber
attacked the main checkpoint to Baghdad International Airport,
wounding at least 15 Iraqis.
2005 Jun 2, In northern Iraq 3
suicide car bombings struck within an hour. In Kirkuk a car bomb
targeting a restaurant where bodyguards of Iraq's Kurdish deputy
prime minister were eating killed nine people and wounded 25. A car
bomb attack killed the deputy head of Diyala provincial council and
three of his bodyguards. 2 parked motorcycles exploded in Mosul
killing 5 Iraqis. Gunmen in speeding cars opened fire on a crowded
market in Baghdad. The series of attacks killed at least 34 people.
2005 Jun 2, A suicide car
bomber targeted a home where a group of people had gathered, killing
at least 10 Iraqis and wounding 10 more in Saud, a remote village
north of Baghdad.
2005 Jun 3, Iraqi insurgent
commanders "apparently came face to face" with four American
officials during meetings on June 3 and June 13 at a summer villa
near Balad, about 25 miles north of Baghdad.
2005 Jun 3, Gunmen killed a
city council official in Kirkuk. Gunmen also killed Razzouq Mohammed
Ibrahim, an Iraqi contractor in charge of renovating a mosque in
western Samarra. Two Iraqi civilians, including a child, were killed
when their car swerved into a US Bradley fighting vehicle near
2005 Jun 4, Iraqi police
arrested Mutlaq Mahmoud Mutlaq Abdullah, also known as Abu Raad, a
key aide to the leader of the Mosul branch of the al-Qaida in Iraq
terrorist group. A suicide car bomber blew himself up at an Iraqi
police checkpoint on a main road connecting northern Mosul with the
nearby city of Tal Afar, killing two officers and wounding four.
Iraqi and US troops discovered 50 weapons and ammunition caches and
a huge underground bunker west of the capital fitted out with air
conditioning, a kitchen and showers.
2005 Jun 7, A Sunni Arab
politician said two insurgent groups were willing to negotiate with
the government, possibly opening a new political front in embattled
2005 Jun 7, Iraqi security
forces captured Jassim Hazan Hamadi al-Bazi, also known as Abu
Ahmed. a reputed key member of Abu-Musab al-Zarqawi's al-Qaida in
Iraq terrorist group who is accused of building and selling cars
used by suicide bombers.
2005 Jun 7, In northern Iraq 4
apparently coordinated bombings in seven minutes killed 18 people
and wounded 39, while a car bomb in Baghdad injured 28.
2005 Jun 7, A convoy of trucks
believed to be carrying supplies to a U.S. military base west of
Baghdad was ambushed, and reporters who arrived after the attack
said they saw the bodies of at least seven people.
2005 Jun 7, Two US commanders
were killed at a base near Tikrit. The US military later charged a
Staff Sgt. Alberto B. Martinez of Troy, N.Y. National Guard with
murdering Capt. Philip Esposito and 1st Lt. Louis Allen, in what is
believed to be the 1st case of a US soldier in Iraq accused of
killing his superiors. Martinez was acquitted of murder on Dec 4,
(AP, 6/17/05)(AP, 11/1/05)(SFC, 10/23/08,
p.A7)(SFC, 12/5/08, p.A6)
2005 Jun 8, An American-Iraqi
offensive killed at least 10 militants, including four blown apart
by their own car bomb.
2005 Jun 9, Iraqi Pres. Jalal
Talabani said Sunni Muslim Arabs will be given up to 25 seats on the
committee drafting Iraq's new constitution.
2005 Jun 9, Clementina Cantoni
(32), an Italian aid worker kidnapped at gunpoint in the Afghan
capital three weeks ago, was released.
2005 Jun 10, In Iraq militants
killed five US Marines and authorities found 21 bodies in civilian
clothes scattered near Qaim, a town close to the Syrian border. 11
were shot in the head and another was beheaded.
2005 Jun 11, In Iraq a suicide
bomber dressed as a policeman blew himself up during roll call at
the heavily guarded headquarters of an elite commando unit killing 5
people. Gunmen attacked a busload of construction workers south of
Baghdad on Saturday, killing at least 11 and wounding three others.
Attacks in and around Baghdad killed at least 23 people.
2005 Jun 11, US fighter planes
equipped with precision-guided missiles launched airstrikes on an
Iraqi town near the Syrian border, killing about 40 insurgents who
were stopping and searching civilian cars.
2005 Jun 11, French journalist
Florence Aubenas and her Iraqi assistant were freed and in good
health after nearly five months in captivity in Iraq.
2005 Jun 12, The US military
announced the killing of 4 more soldiers, pushing the American death
toll past 1,700. Iraqi police found the bullet-riddled bodies of 28
people, many thought to be Sunni Arabs, buried in shallow graves or
dumped streetside in Baghdad.
2005 Jun 12,The Kurdish
Parliament elected veteran guerrilla leader Massoud Barzani the
first president of Iraq's northern Kurdistan region.
2005 Jun 12, British troops
arrested a group of Iraqi insurgents suspected of carrying out
separate roadside bombings that killed two British soldiers.
2005 Jun 13, Iraqi insurgent
commanders "apparently came face to face" with four American
officials during meetings on June 3 and June 13 at a summer villa
near Balad, about 25 miles north of Baghdad.
2005 Jun 13, In Iraq 4 suicide
car bombings and other insurgent attacks killed 10 people, and at
least 16 Iraqis were wounded after militants opened fire on
authorities trying to evacuate the injured from one of the blasts.
2005 Jun 14, A bomb exploded
outside a bank in Kirkuk, killing 23 people, including child street
vendors and pensioners waiting for their checks. In Baghdad, the
bodies of 24 men killed in ambushes were brought to a hospital. 5
Iraqi and 3 US soldiers were killed.
(AP, 6/14/05)(WSJ, 6/15/05, p.A1)
2005 Jun 14, A senior US
military official said up to 20 percent of suicide car bombers in
Iraq are from Algeria, a sign of growing cooperation between Islamic
extremists in northern Africa and like-minded Iraqis.
2005 Jun 15, Iraqi troops,
backed by US forces, freed Douglas Wood, an Australian-born contract
engineer, after six weeks in captivity. The release came as a
suicide bomber dressed in an Iraqi army uniform blew himself up in a
mess hall north of Baghdad, killing at least 25 Iraqi soldiers and
injuring 27. A suicide car bomber slammed into 3 police cars on
patrol in eastern Baghdad, killing 8 officers. Brutal attacks across
Iraq killed more than 50 people.
(AP, 6/15/05)(SFC, 6/16/05, p.A1)
2005 Jun 16, A roadside bomb
attack killed five US Marines, and gunfire killed an American sailor
in a western Iraqi town. A suicide car bomber slammed into a truck
that was carrying policemen along the main road connecting Baghdad
with its airport, killing at least eight officers and injuring at
2005 Jun 17, The US military
launched a major combat operation with 1,000 Marines and Iraqi
soldiers in the hunt for insurgents and foreign fighters in a
volatile western province straddling Syria.
2005 Jun 17, In Iraq 2 US
soldiers were killed and one was wounded during a small-arms
skirmish with insurgents in Karabilah. A car bomb blew up outside a
mosque in the western town of Habaniyah, killing four people and
injuring another 15.
(AP, 6/17/05)(AP, 6/18/05)
2005 Jun 18, Iraqi forces and
US Marines battled insurgents on two fronts in a restive western
province, killing about 50 militants. It was the 2nd day of
Operation Spear, Romhe in Arabic.
2005 Jun 18, In Baghdad a
10-year-old Iraqi girl was killed and 2 people were injured when a
roadside bomb missed a passing American military convoy and
detonated near the child.
2005 Jun 19, A suicide bombing
ripped through a popular Baghdad kebab restaurant at lunchtime,
killing 23 people and wounding 36. A suicide car bomber struck an
Iraqi military checkpoint north of Baghdad, killing two soldiers and
one civilian, officials said. Thirteen others were wounded.
(AP, 6/19/05)(SFC, 6/20/05, p.A1)
2005 Jun 20, In Iraq a suicide
car bomber killed at least 15 traffic police and wounded about 100
more outside the unit's headquarters in the northern Kurdish city of
Irbil. Suicide attacks left 37 dead.
(AP, 6/20/05)(WSJ, 6/21/05, p.A1)
2005 Jun 21, In Iraq 3 US
soldiers were killed by small-arms fire during combat operations in
2005 Jun 22, In Iraq gunmen
killed a former judge whose name once was on a list of Sunni Arabs
joining a parliamentary committee to draft Iraq's new constitution.
Separately, a Filipino hostage was released after almost eight
months in captivity. 4 car bombs exploded at dusk, killing at least
23 people, including sidewalk diners and passengers at a bus station
in Baghdad. In all, at least 32 people were killed across Iraq,
including a prominent Sunni law professor assassinated by gunmen.
2005 Jun 23, Four apparently
synchronized car bombs in the Karada district of Baghdad killed 15
and wounded 50. A sniper killed 2 soldiers in western Baghdad. US
troops backed by Iraqi troops and helicopters killed 7 insurgents
who opened fire on the patrol from a home in western Baghdad's
Jamiaa. A web statement said Abdullah Mohammed Rashid al-Roshoud,
one of Saudi Arabia's most-wanted militants, was killed by a US
airstrike in northwestern Iraq. A suicide car bomb in Fallujah
and ensuing small-arms fire killed 6 US troops including 3 women. 11
of 13 wounded were female.
(AP, 6/23/05)(SFC, 6/24/05, p.A18)(AP, 6/28/05)
2005 Jun 24, Three separate
roadside bombs exploded near US military convoys and a police
patrol. Iraqi security forces discovered the bodies of eight
beheaded men in 2 villages north of Baghdad.
2005 Jun 24, The UN Security
Council approved the transfer of $200 million in oil-for-food
revenue to the Development Fund for Iraq and said an additional $20
million can be used to pay Iraq's past UN dues.
2005 Jun 25, Mohammed
Al-Sumaidaie (21), a university student, was killed when he took
Marines doing house-to-house searches to a bedroom to show them
where a rifle which had no live ammunition was kept. When the
Marines left, he was found in the bedroom with a bullet in his neck.
Iraq's UN ambassador later accused U.S. Marines of killing his
unarmed young cousin in what appeared to be "cold blood" and
demanded an investigation and punishment for the perpetrators.
2005 Jun 25, A suicide car
bomber blew himself up outside an Iraqi police officer's home north
of Baghdad, killing at least six people and wounding at least a
dozen. 3 evening mortar rounds struck a crowded cafe in a
predominantly Shiite neighborhood in Baghdad, killing 5 civilians
and wounding 7.
(AP, 6/25/05)(AP, 6/26/05)
2005 Jun 26, In Iraq a suicide
bomber with explosives hidden beneath watermelons in a pickup truck
slammed into a police station near a market in Mosul killing 10
police officers and 2 civilians. In Sadiya 6 Iraqi soldiers were
gunned down outside their base. A bomber in Al Kasik killed 16 Iraqi
civilians arriving for work on an army base. In Mosul a suicide
bomber killed 5 Iraqi police. One US soldier was killed in Baghdad
by a homemade bomb.
(AP, 6/26/05)(SSFC, 6/26/05, p.A7)
2005 Jun 26, Jordan barred
publication of Saddam Hussein's fourth novel, titled "Get Out,
Damned One," due to political concerns. Saddam's eldest daughter,
Raghad, said her father finished the novel March 18, 2003, a day
before the U.S.-led war on Iraq began
2005 Jun 27, Iraqi Prime
Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari said that two years would be "more than
enough" to establish security in his country, a task Defense
Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld believes may take up to 12 years.
2005 Jun 27, The US military
said it planned to expand its prisons across Iraq to hold as many as
(SFC, 6/28/05, p.A3)
2005 Jun 27, A US Apache attack
helicopter crashed north of Baghdad, killing both pilots. A car bomb
exploded between a movie house and mosque in eastern Baghdad,
killing at least four people and injuring 16.
2005 Jun 27, A meeting in
Istanbul of the World Tribunal on Iraq, the culmination of 20
meetings around the world over the last 2 years, called the invasion
and occupation of Iraq illegal. The symbolic tribunal sought the
immediate withdrawal of coalition forces from Iraq and payment of
reparations for the damage caused during the conflict.
2005 Jun 28, US troops
allegedly killed an Iraqi television director when he drove near a
US convoy. A suicide car bomb killed Sheikh Dhari Ali al-Fayadh, an
Iraqi Shiite legislator, his son and two bodyguards near Baghdad as
they were headed to a parliamentary session in the capital. A
suicide bomber near Balad killed a US soldier. A car bomb near
Tikrit killed another US soldier. In Samara police fired on a crowd
demanding jobs and one person was killed. A car bomb in Baquba
killed on e person. A suicide bomber in Musayyib killed a police
officer. Bloodshed killed at least 18 people throughout Iraq. In
Kirkuk a suicide car bomber slammed into a convoy killing a
bodyguard of traffic police chief Brig. Gen. Salar Ahmed.
(AP, 6/29/05)(SFC, 6/29/05, p.A15)
2005 Jun 28, More than 1,000
U.S. troops and Iraqi forces launched Operation Sword on Tuesday in
a bid to crush insurgents and foreign fighters in western Iraq, the
third major offensive in the area in recent weeks.
2005 Jun 29, A propaganda
video, purportedly made by al-Qaida-linked terror suspect Abu Musab
al-Zarqawi, was posted on militant Web sites. It showed suicide
attacks against US soldiers and Iraqi forces and emphasizes that the
war being waged by Iraqi insurgents is in retaliation for America's
war against Islam.
2005 Jun 30, The UN panel
overseeing compensation for victims of Iraq's 1990 invasion of
Kuwait approved its final claims, bringing the total award to $52.5
2005 Jun, In Iraq construction
began about this time on a new US embassy complex with a target
completion date of June 2007. The 21 building complex on 104 acres
will be the largest US embassy in the world. Cost was estimated at
over $1 billion.
2005 Jul 1, In Iraq gunmen
killed Shiite cleric Kamal Ezz al-Deen al-Ghuraifi, an aide to
Iraq's most influential Shiite cleric, and 2 bodyguards in a
drive-by shooting outside a Baghdad mosque. A suicide bomber
detonated his car outside the party offices of PM Ibrahim
al-Jaafari, killing one guard.
2005 Jul 2, Ihab al-Sherif, an
Egyptian envoy, was kidnapped in Baghdad, weeks after arriving in
the country. He was expected to become Iraq's first Arab ambassador
since Iraq's new government took office. Al-Qaida later announced it
had killed him.
(AP, 7/3/05)(AP, 7/2/06)
2005 Jul 3, A car bomb killed
three Iraqi policemen north of Baghdad. 2 US soldiers were wounded
in a suicide attack near a checkpoint in the western city of Ramadi.
2005 Jul 4, US and Iraqi forces
raided suspected insurgent safe houses near Baghdad International
Airport, arresting at least 100 suspected militants, including
2005 Jul 5, Abu Musab
al-Zarqawi issued an audiotape announcing the formation of the Omar
Brigade to kill Shia. Sunni clerics had recently accused the Shia
Badr Brigade of sending hit squads against Sunnis.
(Econ, 7/16/05, p.41)
2005 Jul 5, At least 100
suspected insurgents, including foreigners, were arrested in a new
military operation by US and Iraqi security forces. Insurgents
mounted attacks against Arab and Muslim diplomats in Iraq, wounding
Bahrain's top envoy in a kidnapping attempt. Pakistan's ambassador
also escaped an assault on his convoy.
2005 Jul 5, A US soldier from
Task Force Liberty was killed and two were wounded by a roadside
bomb northeast of Baghdad.
2005 Jul 6, In Iraq gunmen
killed 4 policemen and wounded at least 9 more in separate attacks
2005 Jul 7, Iraq's president
called for national unity as mortar attacks killed 4 civilians in
the northern city of Mosul and police opened fire on demonstrators
in Saddam Hussein's hometown Tikrit, wounding 4.
2005 Jul 7, Al-Qaida in Iraq
said in a Web statement that it has killed Ihab al-Sherif, Egypt's
top envoy in Iraq, posting a video of the blindfolded diplomat
2005 Jul 7, Egypt recalled its
staff to Cairo and said it will temporarily shut its diplomatic
mission in Iraq.
2005 Jul 7, About 600 US
Marines and Iraqi soldiers launched Operation Scimitar near
Fallujah, the fourth counterinsurgency operation in less than a
2005 Jul 7, Ali Shakir, the
head of Iraq's karate union, was kidnapped south of Baghdad.
2005 Jul 7, Saddam Hussein's
chief lawyer quit the Iraqi dictator's Jordan-based legal team,
saying some of the team's American members were trying to control
the defense and tone down his criticism of the U.S. presence in
2005 Jul 9, Khamis Farhan
Khalaf Abd al-Fahdawi (known as Abu Seba), a senior lieutenant of
al-Qaida in Iraq, was arrested following operations in the Ramadi.
He was a key suspect in the kidnap-slaying of an Egyptian envoy and
attacks on senior diplomats from Pakistan and Bahrain.
2005 Jul 9, It was reported
that a recent Internet announcement said that Ibrahim Youssef
al-Shammari would serve as official spokesman for the Islamic Army
of Iraq and the Army of the Mujahideen, 2 groups thought to be
linked to the former Baath Party.
(Econ, 7/25/05, p.39)
2005 Jul 10, In Iraq Abdullah
Ibrahim Mohammed Hassan al Shadad (or Abu Abdul Aziz), another
al-Qaida in Iraq lieutenant, was captured.
2005 Jul 10, A man strapped
with explosives blew himself up at an Iraqi military recruiting
center in Baghdad killing 25 people. 2 US Marines were killed by
indirect fire in Hit. 4 insurgents were killed in Tal Afar. 2
suicide car bombers killed at least 7 Iraqi customs officials along
the Syrian border. 8 members of a Shiite family, including a
2-year-old, were shot to death in their sleep. The father suspected
it was a sectarian crime. The body of kidnapped Iraqi karate
association chief Ali Shakir was found floating in the Tigris river
southeast of Baghdad. An Iraqi commando brigade detained 10 Sunnis,
who were later found tortured and suffocated in a container. Attacks
left over 50 people dead.
(AP, 7/10/05)(SFC, 7/11/05, p.A1)(SFC, 7/12/05,
2005 Jul 11, In Iraq US troops
killed 10 more insurgents in the northern city of Tel Afar. 6
civilians were reported killed in the Tal Afar fighting. Insurgents
stormed an Iraqi army checkpoint north of Baghdad, killing 12
people, including 9 soldiers.
(AP, 7/11/05)(Reuters, 7/11/05)(SFC, 7/12/05,
2005 Jul 12, In Iraq armed men
stormed a house in Baghdad, killing 4 Iraqi human rights activists
and wounding another.
2005 Jul 13, The US military
filed charges against 11 US soldiers for assaulting detainees in
2005 Jul 13, In Iraq a suicide
car bomber sped up to American soldiers distributing candy to
children and detonated his explosives, killing up to 27 other
people. One US soldier and 7 children were among the dead.
2005 Jul 14, In Iraq 2 US
Marines were killed by roadside bomb near the Jordanian border.
2005 Jul 14, In Iraq 2 suicide
bombers struck near the Green Zone in central Baghdad, but a third
was wounded and captured by US and Iraqi security forces, officials
said. At least 9 people were wounded in the blasts.
2005 Jul 15, In Iraq a frenzy
of attacks killed at least 30 people in 12 suicide bombings. 2 US
Marines were killed in a roadside bombing near the Jordanian border.
A suicide car bomb exploded on a bridge overlooking the home of
President Jalal Talabani, killing three of his guards. In Nasiriyah,
judge Nurredin Ahmed, a Kurd from the northern oil centre of Kirkuk,
was shot dead at his home. Akram Ahmed Rasul al-Bayati, a major
general in the old regime's disbanded military, and his son Ali, a
policeman, were killed after being arrested by police commandos on
(AP, 7/16/05)(AFP, 7/16/05)(SFC, 7/16/05, p.A3)
2005 Jul 16, In Baghdad a
suicide car bomber attacked police commandos in the southern
district of Dura, killing one commando and three civilians, two of
them children. A 2nd Baghdad suicide bomber blew up a car in an
attack targeting a passing US military convoy. One civilian was
killed. A 3rd bomber blew himself up in a police station in Mosul,
killing 4 policemen and wounding 18 more. A 4th bomber blew himself
up in the Jabala area, when Iraqi police tried to arrest him. The
explosion wounded two policemen and four civilians. 3 British
soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in a rare attack in the
relatively stable southern part of the country.
2005 Jul 16, In Iraq a suicide
bomber blew up a fuel truck near a crowded vegetable market outside
a Shi'ite mosque in Musayyib killing 98 people. A suspected
mastermind of the attack in Musayyib, which killed nearly 100
people, was captured later during a raid by Iraqi forces in which
two of his associates were killed.
(Reuters, 7/17/05)(AP, 7/23/05)
2005 Jul 17, In Iraq The Iraqi
Special Tribunal filed its first criminal case against Saddam
Hussein for a 1982 massacre of Shiites. Adel Karim, a deputy
minister for industrial development, said Iraq wants to launch a
privatization program that would end state monopolies over industry.
Suicide strikes killed 22 people in the Baghdad area.
(AP, 7/17/05)(AP, 7/17/06)
2005 Jul 18, Bayan Jabr, Iraq's
interior minister, accused Syria of not making a serious effort to
crack down on insurgents in its territory or prevent them from
crossing into Iraq, adding that he had pictures and addresses of
militant leaders in Syria.
2005 Jul 18, Insurgents killed
8 police and government workers in seven separate shootings across
2005 Jul 19, One of the Sunni
Arabs appointed to a committee to draft Iraq's constitution was
assassinated in a drive-by shooting. Mijbil Issa was gunned down,
along with two bodyguards, in the Karradah area of Baghdad. Gunmen
opened fire on a minibus carrying Iraqi workers to a U.S. airbase in
central Iraq, killing 13.
2005 Jul 19, US Army soldier
Lavena Johnson (b.1985) of Missouri was apparently raped and
murdered while on duty in Iraq. A DOD report said she had killed
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LaVena_Johnson)(Econ, 10/19/13, p.35)
2005 Jul 19, A top Turkish
general said the US had given direct orders for the capture of rebel
Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) leaders in Iraq.
2005 Jul 20, Sunni Muslim
members on a committee drafting Iraq's new constitution suspended
their participation in the wake of a colleague's assassination,
saying they need more security. A suicide bomber blew himself up
outside an army recruiting center in central Baghdad, killing at
least 10 people.
2005 Jul 21, The chief of
Algeria's diplomatic mission, Ali Belaroussi, and fellow envoy
Azzedine Belkadi were seized at gunpoint from the upscale Mansour
district of western Baghdad. In an Internet statement 2 days later
al-Qaida in Iraq said it was responsible. Al-Qaida later announced
it had killed the diplomats.
(AP, 7/23/05)(AP, 7/21/06)
2005 Jul 21, A Kurdish party
official said Kurdish leaders have presented a redrawn map with a
larger Kurdistan to the Iraqi National Assembly for consideration in
the new constitution.
2005 Jul 22, Insurgents
targeted two Iraqi police patrols in Baghdad, leaving at least five
2005 Jul 24, Iraqi police said
a suicide attacker slammed a truck loaded with explosives into sand
barriers outside a Baghdad police station, killing at least 39
people and wounding 30. A US Marine was killed in combat operations
near Rutbah. 4 US troops were killed by an improvised explosive
device (IED) in Baghdad.
(AP, 7/24/05)(SFC, 7/25/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/27/05,
2005 Jul 25, In Iraq Sunni Arab
members of a committee drafting Iraq's new constitution ended their
boycott, six days after they walked out to protest the
assassinations of two fellow Sunni constitution framers. A US
soldier was killed when a roadside bomb exploded under his vehicle
near Samarra north of Baghdad.
2005 Jul 25, Baghdad was hit by
twin suicide car bombs that killed at least 8 people as Australian
PM John Howard made a surprise visit there.
2005 Jul 26, Al-Qaida in Iraq
said it had condemned to death two Algerian diplomats who were
abducted in Baghdad. A video made public showed the men blindfolded
and in captivity.
2005 Jul 27, Iraqi commandos
captured Hamdi Tantawi, an Egyptian said to be an associate of Ayman
al-Zawahiri, al Qaeda's 2nd in command. Iraq's most feared terror
group said it had killed two kidnapped Algerian diplomats.
(AP, 7/27/05)(AP, 7/27/06)
2005 Jul 27, The US charged
Iraqi-born Wasem al Delaema (32), a Dutch citizen, with conspiring
to kill Americans in Iraq and asked the Dutch government to
extradite him for prosecution. Authorities alleged al Delaema was
one of several men calling themselves the Fighters of Fallujah who
plotted attacks near that Iraqi city in October 2003. In 2010 a
Dutch court reduced his sentenced to 8 years and released him.
(AP, 7/30/05)(AP, 10/13/10)
2005 Jul 28, ICANN transferred
the Internet .iq name to Iraq’s telecommunications regulator.
InfoCom Corp., which sold computers and Web services in the Middle
East, got the .iq assignment in 1997, but was indicted in 2002 for
funneling money to a member of Hamas. InfoCom was convicted in April
(SFC, 8/6/05, p.C2)
2005 Jul 28, Insurgents
launched coordinated attacks against Iraqi army checkpoints
northeast of Baghdad, killing 6 Iraqi soldiers, police said.
Roadside bombs killed 2 US soldiers. A bomb ignited a train carrying
fuel in the south of Iraq's capital and 2 people were killed. In
western Iraq 2 US Marines were killed by insurgent gunfire and
rocket-propelled grenades. The Marines reported killing 9
insurgents, 5 believed to be Syrians, during an engagement in the
same small village.
(AP, 7/28/05)(WSJ, 7/29/05, p.A1)(AP, 7/29/05)
2005 Jul 28, Jamie Leigh Jones,
a Halliburton/KBR employee in Baghdad, Iraq, was allegedly drugged,
raped and held against her will at Camp Hope by seven KBR employees.
On May 16, 2007, she filed a lawsuit against the company and the
employees which the Department of Justice failed to act upon. On
December 19, 2007, she testified before Congress. The Department of
Justice had been subpoenaed to also testify; they failed to appear
or send a reason for declining to appear. In 2011 Jones (26) lost
her lawsuit against KBR.
2005 Jul 29, A suicide attacker
detonated an explosives belt in a crowd of Iraqi army recruits in
Rabiya near the Syrian border, killing at least 52 and wounding 93.
After the blast, US and Iraqi troops opened fire believing they were
under attack. Some of the army recruits were killed by the gunfire.
(AP, 7/29/05)(SFC, 7/30/05, p.A3)(AP, 7/31/05)
2005 Jul 30, In southern Iraq 2
British contractors guarding a consulate convoy were killed by a
roadside bomb. A car bomb exploded near the National Theater in
Baghdad, killing 5 people, including 3 policemen. Assailants in
military garb tried to assassinate a prominent Sunni Arab leader. 5
US soldiers were killed by roadside bombs in two separate incidents
(AP, 7/30/05)(AP, 7/31/05)
2005 Jul 31, A car bomb
exploded south of Baghdad, killing five civilians and wounding 10,
including two policemen.
2005 Jul, Nearly 700 of
the 1,100 bodies brought to Baghdad's central morgue had fatal
gunshot wounds. Iraqi government statistics showed that targeted
killings had almost doubled over the last 12 months despite
increases in the numbers of policemen on the streets and Iraqi
national guard patrols.
2005 Aug 1, Iraq announced that
it will begin rationing gasoline over the next few months to cope
with a continuing fuel shortage.
(SFC, 8/2/05, p.A5)
2005 Aug 1, In western Iraq six
US Marines were killed in Haditha. A 7th Marine was killed by a car
bomb in Hit.
2005 Aug 2, A roadside bomb
targeting a US military convoy exploded at the entrance to a tunnel
in central Baghdad, and at least 29 civilians were wounded. American
freelance journalist Steven Vincent was found shot to death in Basra
after being abducted by armed men. Vincent had been shot multiple
times after he and his Iraqi translator were abducted at gunpoint
hours earlier. He had been writing about the rise of conservative
Shiite Islam and the corruption of the Iraqi police.
2005 Aug 3, An Iraqi Airways
plane landed at Istanbul airport and then took off again for
Baghdad, inaugurating its Iraq-Turkey route after a 14-year hiatus.
2005 Aug 3, A Marine amphibious
assault vehicle on patrol during combat operations near the Syrian
border hit a roadside bomb. 14 Marines and a civilian interpreter
were killed. Steven Vincent, an American freelance journalist, was
found dead in Basra. Vincent had been shot multiple times after he
and his Iraqi translator were abducted at gunpoint hours earlier.
2005 Aug 3, A US Marine was
killed by small-arms fire in Ramadi. 3 US soldiers died in a
roadside bombing in Baghdad.
2005 Aug 4, A car bomb hit
members of a radical Shiite militia in northern Iraq as attacks
nationwide killed at least 11 people. Unidentified gunmen attacked
an Iraqi army patrol in a town north of Baghdad, killing four Iraqi
troops. An American soldier assigned to a unit in Mosul was killed
(AP, 8/4/05)(AP, 8/6/05)
2005 Aug 5, US and Iraqi troops
repelled a series of coordinated insurgent attacks in southern
Baghdad, killing six rebels and capturing 12. At nearly the same
time, a suicide attacker drove a truck loaded with explosives into a
nearby Iraqi army checkpoint, killing an Iraqi soldier. A suicide
car bomber tried to attack another Iraqi position in the area, but a
US tank fired and hit the car, killing the driver and causing the
car bomb to explode prematurely.
2005 Aug 6, Sunni Arab members
of the committee drafting Iraq's new constitution rejected Kurdish
demands for a federal state.
2005 Aug 6, In Iraq a US patrol
with Task Force Liberty was hit in the city of Samarra. All the
soldiers were transported to a coalition medical facility where two
of them died from wounds.
2005 Aug 7, In central Iraq a
suicide bomber driving an empty fuel tanker detonated his vehicle
near a police station, killing at least two people. Three Iraqi
soldiers and two Oil Ministry employees were killed in two separate
drive-by shootings in Baghdad.
2005 Aug 9, A suicide bomber
struck near a US convoy in Baghdad and gunmen opened fire on police
patrols around the city in attacks that killed at least 16 people.
2005 Aug 9, In Iraq 4 American
soldiers were killed when insurgents attacked their patrol in the
northern city of Beiji, and a car bomb targeting a joint U.S.-Iraqi
patrol in Baghdad killed seven people, including one US soldier.
2005 Aug 10, Gunmen kidnapped
Brig. Gen. Khudayer Abbas, a senior Iraqi Interior Ministry
official, as he drove his car in central Baghdad. A suicide bomber
killed six people and wounded 14 when he drove a car at a police
patrol in the Ghazaliya district of western Baghdad.
(AP, 8/10/05)(Reuters, 8/10/05)
2005 Aug 11, In Iraq gunmen
killed at least 16 people in attacks across the country, including
one that left a young girl wounded and her parents dead.
2005 Aug 11, The UN Security
Council voted unanimously to extend its mission in Iraq, reaffirming
its leading role in helping to promote a national dialogue which is
crucial for the country's political stability and unity.
2005 Aug 11, El Salvador sent
its fifth contingent of 380 soldiers to Iraq for humanitarian
missions. President Tony Saca said it was in the same spirit as the
countries that helped El Salvador during its 12-year civil war.
2005 Aug 12, In Iraq Sunni Arab
leaders rejected calls for a Shiite federal region to be enshrined
in the constitution.
2005 Aug 12, In Iraq a US
soldier was found dead of a gunshot wound.
2005 Aug 13, In Iraq 3 soldiers
were killed and one other wounded in a roadside bombing near Tuz
Khormato, 95 miles north of Baghdad. Another soldier was killed at
another roadside bombing.
2005 Aug 13, An Italian
newspaper reported that more than 100 Italian troops whose tours in
southern Iraq have ended are not being replaced, apparently marking
the beginning of the country's withdrawal from Iraq ahead of
2005 Aug 14, In Iraq a US
soldier on a patrol was killed and 3 others wounded in a blast east
of Rutbah, 250 miles west of Baghdad. 30 bodies were found in a
grave south of Baghdad that was 10-14 days old. One insurgent was
killed in the raid that led to the grave and 13 others were
2005 Aug 15, Iraq’s parliament
failed to meet a key deadline for finishing a new constitution and
voted to give itself another week on a new draft constitution.
(Econ, 8/20/05, p.37)(AP, 8/15/06)
2005 Aug 16, Iraqi leaders, a
day after failing to meet their deadline, expressed confidence they
would overcome differences over key issues like the role of Islam
and the power of regional governments and finish the new
constitution by next week.
2005 Aug 17, In Iraq 3 car
bombs exploded near a bus station and hospital in Baghdad, killing
at least 43 people and wounding 89 in the deadliest attacks in the
capital in weeks. A series of insurgent attacks also killed 11
Iraqis, including six soldiers assigned to protect oil pipelines in
2005 Aug 18, In Iraq 4 American
soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in Samarra, 60 miles north
of Baghdad. Jasim Waheeb, an investigative judge from Baghdad, was
shot to death with his.
(AP, 8/18/05)(SFC, 8/19/05, p.A3)
2005 Aug 19, In Iraq gunmen in
Mosul abducted and publicly executed 3 Sunni Arab activists working
to encourage voter participation.
(SFC, 8/20/05, p.A7)
2005 Aug 20, In Iraq a US
soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in Baghdad.
2005 Aug 22, Hours before a
midnight deadline, Shiites and Kurds reached an agreement on a draft
constitution and were trying to persuade Sunni Arabs to go along
with their compromises.
2005 Aug 22, Iraq's oil exports
were shut down by a power cut due to sabotage attacks 2 days
earlier. The shut down darkened parts of central and southern Iraq,
including the country's only functioning oil export terminals.
2005 Aug 23, Iraq's al-Qaida
wing claimed responsibility for the Aug 19 rocket attack that barely
missed U.S. warships docked in the Jordanian port of Aqaba.
2005 Aug 23, A US soldier, an
American contractor and five Iraqis were killed when a suicide
bomber detonated an explosive device in a city north of Baghdad.
2005 Aug 24, Sunni insurgents
killed 13 people in a series of raids in Baghdad. Sadr fighters
attacked pro-government Badr militia and fighting raged in 5 cities.
(WSJ, 8/25/05, p.A1)
2005 Aug 24, US military said
the Pentagon has ordered 1,500 additional troops to Iraq to provide
security in advance of two upcoming votes.
2005 Aug 25, The bodies of 36
men were discovered in Kut, southeast of Baghdad, on a road leading
to Iran. On Aug 29 a leader of Iraq's largest Sunni political group
blamed Shiite-led security forces for the deaths of 36 Sunnis found
shot in the head and said such acts could have unforeseen
(AP, 8/25/05)(SFC, 8/26/05, p.A12)(AP, 8/29/05)
2005 Aug 26, Shiite
negotiators, prodded by Pres. Bush, offered what they called their
final compromise proposal to Sunnis Arabs to try to break the
impasse over Iraq's new constitution.
2005 Aug 26, In Iraq US
warplanes launched multiple airstrikes against a suspected
"terrorist safe house" in the western Anbar province, destroying the
building where up to 50 militants were believed to be hiding.
2005 Aug 27, Sunni negotiator
Fakhri al-Qaisi said that the Sunnis have submitted
counter-proposals on the constitution to the parliament speaker and
will meet later with the U.S. ambassador.
2005 Aug 27, The US military
has released nearly 1,000 prisoners from Abu Ghraib prison after
Iraqi authorities requested that they be set free.
2005 Aug 28, Iraqi negotiators
finished the country's new constitution without the endorsement of
Sunni Arabs who helped prepare it, dealing a blow to the Bush
administration and setting the stage for a bitter campaign leading
up to an October referendum.
2005 Aug 28, A Reuters
television sound technician was killed and a cameraman was injured
while trying to cover a Baghdad gunbattle involving insurgents and
US troops. Police said the men were fired on by American forces. In
2008 a Pentagon report concluded that death of the Reuters
journalist was justified.
(AP, 8/28/05)(WSJ, 6/18/08, p.A1)
2005 Aug 29, Thousands of Sunni
demonstrators rallied in Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikrit to
denounce Iraq's new constitution a day after negotiators finished
the new charter without the endorsement of Sunni Arabs.
2005 Aug 29, In northern Iraq a
US Army helicopter made a forced landing under hostile fire, and one
soldier was killed and another injured.
2005 Aug 30, US warplanes
launched strikes in western Iraq which killed an al Qaeda militant
named Abu Islam among other fighters. A hospital source said at
least 47 people were killed.
2005 Aug 30, UN officials said
the 9 UN agencies involved in the oil-for-food program have agreed
to pay Iraq about $40 million in oil proceeds they received in 2003
to finish their work but never spent.
2005 Aug 31, In Iraq panic
engulfed thousands of Shiites marching across a bridge in a
religious procession after rumors spread that a suicide bomber was
about to attack, triggering a stampede that killed as many as 953
people. Hundreds of thousands of Shiites had been marching across
the bridge, which links Baghdad's Shiite Kazimiyah district with
heavily Sunni Azamiyah. They were heading for the tomb of Imam Mousa
al-Kadhim (d.799), an 8th century Shiite saint, about a mile from
(AP, 9/1/05)(Econ, 9/3/05, p.42)
2005 Aug 31, In Iraq a US
soldier was shot to death in Iskandariya.
(SFC, 9/3/05, p.A3)
2005 Aug, Iraq’s interim
administration under Ibrahim al-Jaafari passed Decree 8750, which
provided for state control of the finances of all of Iraq’s trade
(Econ, 5/6/06, p.47)
2005 Sep 1, Iraq hanged three
convicted murderers, the first executions since the 2003 ouster of
Saddam Hussein. 2 US soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in
(AP, 9/1/05)(SFC, 9/3/05, p.A3)
2005 Sep 2, Some 5,000 US and
Iraqi troops launched an assault at Tal Afar and at least 30
insurgents were killed.
(SFC, 9/3/05, p.A3)
2005 Sep 2, Bulgaria said it
has begun preparations to withdraw its 400 troops from Iraq.
2005 Sep 3, Insurgents launched
a series of assaults in Baquba, Kirkuk and Samarra, killing at least
(AP, 9/3/05)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A22)
2005 Sep 4, In Iraq US troops
killed 7 insurgents in Tal Afar, including six who fired at the
Americans from a mosque.
2005 Sep 5, Insurgents launched
a surprise attack on Baghdad's heavily guarded Interior Ministry
building, killing two police officers and wounding several others.
In southern Iraq, two British soldiers were killed by a roadside
bomb. In the northern city of Tal Afar, bodies of 3 district leaders
were found. The 3 had turned down demands by insurgents to cooperate
in their fight with US and Iraqi forces. 8 Iraqi civilians,
including 5 children, were killed in fighting there. Another 25
Iraqi civilians died in other incidents in Baghdad, Baqouba and
2005 Sep 6, In Iraq US Marine
jets attacked two bridges across the Euphrates River near the Syrian
border to prevent insurgents from moving foreign fighters and
munitions toward Baghdad and other cities. 2 US troops were reported
killed in a roadside bombing in Baghdad.
(AP, 9/6/05)(WSJ, 9/7/05, p.A1)
2005 Sep 7, Iraqi and US forces
encircled the insurgent stronghold of Tal Afar, and the Iraqi
military announced the arrest of 200 suspected insurgents, most of
them foreign fighters.
2005 Sep 7, In Iraq a roadside
bomb struck a convoy of American security guards in the southern
city of Basra, killing four US contractors. A suicide bomber blew up
his explosives-laden car outside a takeout restaurant in Basra,
killing at least 10 people and wounding 15.
2005 Sep 8, In Iraq US jets
dropped 500-pound J-Dam bombs on the insurgent-controlled
neighborhood of Sarai in Tal Afar, where most of the 200,000
population had fled. Iraqi police reported finding 17 bullet-riddled
bodies near Baghdad.
(SFC, 9/9/05, p.A3)
2005 Sep 8, A suicide car
bomber detonated his explosives-laden BMW in the center of Baghdad
targeting a passing convoy of private American security agents.
2005 Sep 8, The UN raised the
alarm about mounting violence in Iraq blamed on pro-government
militias and urged the authorities to look into reports of
systematic torture in police stations.
2005 Sep 9, The Baghdad
International Airport, the country's only reliable link to the
outside world, closed in an embarrassing pay dispute between the
government and a British security company.
2005 Sep 10, Baghdad
International Airport, Iraq's only reliable and relatively safe link
to the outside world, reopened after being closed for a day in a
payments dispute between the government and a British security firm.
2005 Sep 10, More than 500
U.S.-trained Georgian soldiers left for Iraq as part of a regular
rotation of troops by the former Soviet republic.
2005 Sep 11, About 5,000 Iraqi
soldiers, backed by a 3,500-strong American armored force, reported
156 insurgents killed and 246 captured. The force discovered a big
bomb factory, 18 weapons caches and the tunnel network in the
ancient Sarai neighborhood of Tal Afar. A US soldier was killed by a
roadside bomb near Samarra. US deaths to date since the start of the
war in March, 2003, numbered 1,897. Britain reported at least 96
(AP, 9/11/05)(SFC, 9/12/05, p.A3)
2005 Sep 11, A British
serviceman was killed and three injured in a late-morning bomb
attack in Iraq's southern Basra province.
2005 Sep 12, A huge car bomb
exploded outside a popular restaurant in Baghdad's upscale Mansour
neighborhood. At least one person was killed and 17 were wounded.
2005 Sep 13, US forces along
the Euphrates River attacked the insurgent stronghold of Haditha,
capturing a militant with ties to al-Qaida in Iraq and killing four
2005 Sep 14, A leading Shiite
lawmaker said Iraq's draft constitution has been finalized and will
be sent to the United Nations to be printed.
2005 Sep 14, It was reported
that Iraqi government subsidies accounted for 51% of the gross
domestic product. A foreign debt of $190 billion, inherited from
Saddam Hussein, was reported as a 2nd major weakness and impediment
to economic growth.
(WSJ, 9/14/05, p.A20)
2005 Sep 14, More than a dozen
explosions ripped through Baghdad in rapid succession, killing at
least 160 people and wounding 570 in a series of attacks that began
with a suicide car bombing that targeted laborers assembled to find
work for the day. Al-Qaida in Iraq claimed responsibility.
(AP, 9/14/05)(SFC, 9/15/05, p.A3)
2005 Sep 14, Gunmen wearing
military uniforms surrounded a village north of Baghdad and executed
2005 Sep 15, Iraq’s PM Ibrahim
al-Jaafari, speaking at a news conference in Dearborn, Mich.,
condemned the latest round of bombings that left scores of his
countrymen dead, and vowed that his government's "rational,
political struggle" would prevail over "criminal acts."
2005 Sep 15, Two suicide car
bombers struck within a minute of each other and a half-mile apart
in southern Baghdad, killing 7 policemen and raising the day's death
toll from blasts in the capital to at least 31.
2005 Sep 15, A US Marine was
killed in an “indirect fire explosion" at Camp Ramadi in the western
province of al-Anbar.
2005 Sep 16, A suicide car
bomber struck as worshippers were leaving a Shiite mosque in the
northern Iraqi town of Tuz Khormato killing 11 people. Militants
killed at least 14 more people across the country as the
Sunni-dominated insurgency pressed its "all-out war" to destabilize
(AP, 9/16/05)(SFC, 9/17/05, p.A3)
2005 Sep 16, In Iraq 3 US
soldiers were killed near Baghdad.
(SFC, 9/20/05, p.A14)
2005 Sep 16, Premier Silvio
Berlusconi declared Italy's mission in Iraq "an absolute and total"
success, and said Italy would continue to reduce its military
2005 Sep 17, The US military
said that coalition forces in Mosul had arrested two alleged leaders
of the al-Qaida in Iraq terrorist group. The military also said that
Iraqi forces and US troops killed two insurgents and captured six in
the city of Tal Afar.
2005 Sep 17, In Iraq a suicide
car bomb wrecked three vehicles in a US convoy near Abu Ghraib
prison, and insurgents fired seven mortar shells at the jail and
used grenades to damage three armored vehicles in another American
convoy in the area.
2005 Sep 17, A car bomb near an
outdoor market in a Shiite village east of Baghdad killed at least
30 people. At least 40 people were killed across Iraq.
(SSFC, 9/18/05, p.A14)
2005 Sep 17, In Iraq insurgents
assassinated Faris Nasir Hussein, a Kurdish member of parliament.
2005 Sep 18, Iraq's parliament
signed off on revisions to the country's draft constitution as a
leading lawmaker declared that acceptance of the new charter was a
matter for the people.
2005 Sep 18, In Iraq police
found 20 bodies shot to death and dumped in the Tigris River north
of the capital, where there was no major violence for the first time
in five days. 4 more were found handcuffed and shot in east Baghdad.
2005 Sep 18, Armed Shiite
militiamen from the outlawed Mahdi Army demonstrated in central
Basra after British soldiers arrested their local leader on charges
of terrorism. British forces confirmed they had arrested "three
(AP, 9/19/05)(Econ, 9/24/05, p.55)
2005 Sep 18, Fakher Haider
(38), an Iraqi journalist working for The New York Times, was
abducted him from his home in the southern city of Basra by men
claiming to be police officers. His body was found the next day.
2005 Sep 19, In Iraq a nephew
of Saddam Hussein was sentenced to life in prison for funding Iraq's
violent insurgency and for bomb-making.
2005 Sep 19, Four US soldiers
died in two roadside bombings near the insurgent stronghold of
2005 Sep 19, Iraqi police
detained two British soldiers in the southern port city of Basra,
following a shooting incident. British forces smashed jail walls to
free 2 British commandos detained earlier in the day by Iraqi
police. Iraqi officials said at least 2 civilians were killed.
(AP, 9/19/05)(SFC, 9/20/05, p.A1)
2005 Sep 19, A new report by
the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies
said that of the estimated 3,000 foreign fighters in Iraq, the
largest number, about 20 percent, comes from Algeria, followed by
Syria and Yemen with about 18 percent and 17 percent, respectively.
About 15 percent come from Sudan, 12 percent from Saudi Arabia, 5
percent from Egypt, and the rest from other countries.
2005 Sep 20, In Iraq a child
died and another was injured when terrorists used them as human
shields during Coalition raids of three terrorist safe houses in
Mosul. The bureau chief of an Iraqi daily newspaper and a woman
working for Iraq's state-run television were shot and killed by
assailants in separate attacks in Mosul. An angry mob of insurgents
attacked a convoy of American contractors when they got lost in
Duluiyah, a town north of Baghdad, killing four and wounding two. A
US soldier died in a roadside blast north of Baghdad. Total US troop
deaths reached 1,904.
(AP, 9/20/05)(AP, 9/21/05)(AP, 10/23/05)
2005 Sep 21, At least eight
people were killed in a gun battle in Baghdad between troops and
2005 Sep 21, About 500
civilians and policemen, some waving pistols and AK-47s, rallied in
the southern city of Basra and denounced "British aggression"
following London's decision to use force to free two of its soldiers
being held by Iraqi police.
2005 Sep 21, Gunmen in Mosul
shot to death Ahlam Youssef, an engineer who works for al-Iraqiya
television, and her husband, said Bassem al-Fadli, a manager at the
station's headquarters in Baghdad.
2005 Sep 21, The UN World Food
Program warned that its emergency operations in Iraq, which feed
about 3 million people, were at risk because donors have only come
up with 44 percent of the necessary money.
2005 Sep 22, British troops in
the city of Basra greatly reduced their presence in the streets,
apparently responding to a provincial governor's call to sever
cooperation until London apologized for storming a police station to
free two of its soldiers.
2005 Sep 22, About 150 clerics
and tribal leaders from Iraq's Sunni Arab minority called for the
rejection of the country's draft constitution in an upcoming
referendum, saying that it would lead to the fragmentation of Iraq.
Small arms fire in Ramadi killed one US soldier.
(AP, 9/22/05)(SFC, 9/24/05, p.A3)
2005 Sep 23, A suicide bomber
detonated hidden explosives on a small bus in Baghdad, killing 6
people. 2 American soldiers died in separate attacks. A roadside
bomb killed a US Army soldier whose convoy was patrolling Baghdad. A
suicide bomber in southern Iraq killed an Iraqi soldier. Another
suicide bomber attacked a checkpoint north of Karbala killed a child
and left 4 people wounded.
(AP, 9/23/05)(SFC, 9/24/05, p.A3)
2005 Sep 24, A suicide car
bomber driving at high speed exploded his vehicle near an Iraqi army
checkpoint in downtown Baghdad, killing three soldiers and an Iraqi
2005 Sep 24, In Iraq 2
insurgents from al-Qaida in Iraq were captured during raids in the
Baghdad. They were identified as Walid Muhammad Farhan Juwar
al-Zubaydi, also known as "the Barber," and Ibrahim Muhammad Subhi
2005 Sep 25, A suicide car
bomber struck an Interior Ministry convoy in Baghdad, killing seven
police commandos and two civilians. Earlier, a bomb mounted on a
bicycle blew apart a music store in Hillah, south of the capital,
killing one. US forces in Sadr City killed at least eight Shiite
gunmen and wounding five. In western Iraq a US soldier was killed
when his vehicle rolled over during a patrol.
2005 Sep 25, Iraqi and US
authorities killed Abdullah Abu Azzam (Abdullah Najim Abdullah
Mohamed Al-Jawari), the No. 2 official in the al-Qaida in Iraq
organization, in a raid in Baghdad.
2005 Sep 26, The US military
freed 500 Iraqi detainees from Abu Ghraib prison, a goodwill gesture
requested by the Iraqi government ahead of the Muslim holy month of
2005 Sep 26, An al-Qaeda leader
in the northern city of Mosul surrendered to the Iraqi military. Abu
Nasser, another al-Qaeda leader, died along with several others in a
raid on the group's headquarters in Karabila. A US Marine was killed
by a roadside bomb in the town of Khaldiyah, west of Baghdad.
2005 Sep 26, Roadside bombs
killed three US soldiers in two separate attacks. A suicide car
bomber attacked a police checkpoint guarding several government
ministries, killing at least six people and wounding 13. Elsewhere
five teachers and their driver who were shot to death in a classroom
by suspected insurgents disguised as policemen.
2005 Sep 26, A US Marine
commander said insurgents loyal to al-Zarqawi had taken over at
least 5 Iraqi towns on the border with Syria, ordering residents to
leave of face death.
(SFC, 9/27/05, p.A1)
2005 Sep 26, A military court
in Texas convicted Pfc. Lynndie England on 6 of 7 counts of
conspiracy and maltreatment of Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.
(SFC, 9/27/05, p.A1)
2005 Sep 27, A suicide bomber
attacked Iraqis applying for jobs as policemen in Baqouba, 30 miles
north of Baghdad, killing nine and wounding 21. US and Iraqi
authorities said their forces had killed Abdullah Abu Azzam, the No.
2 official in the al-Qaida in Iraq organization, in a weekend raid
in Baghdad, claiming to have struck a "painful blow" to the
country's most feared insurgent group.
2005 Sep 27, In Iraq NATO's top
brass opened a long-awaited training academy for the Iraqi military
that the alliance say will significantly increase its role in the
2005 Sep 27, In southern Iraq
police found the bodies of 22 Iraqi men who had been shot in the
head and dumped in a deserted area of Badrah district northeast of
Kut and 100 miles southeast of Baghdad.
2005 Sep 28, A woman strapped
with explosives and disguised as a man blew herself up outside an
Iraqi army recruiting center in the northern town of Tal Afar,
killing 7 other people and wounding at least 35 in the first known
attack by a female suicide bomber in the country's bloody
(AP, 9/28/05)(SFC, 9/29/05, p.A12)
2005 Sep 28, In Najaf, Iraq, an
attacker set off an explosion in the home of a bodyguard of radical
Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, killing two people and wounding five
2005 Sep 28, In Iraq 5 US
soldiers were killed in a roadside bombing in Ramadi.
2005 Sep 29, In Baghdad US
forces raided the homes of two officials from a prominent Sunni Arab
organization, arresting bodyguards and confiscating weapons. 12
Iraqis were killed in a number of shootings and other attacks in the
2005 Sep 29, Three suicide
attackers exploded near-simultaneous car bombs in the heart of
Balad, a mainly Shiite town, killing at least 60 people and wounding
70 amid a new surge of violence before an Oct. 15 referendum on
2005 Sep 30, Sunni-led
insurgents killed at least nine people with a car bomb in a crowded
vegetable market this Friday, the Muslim day of worship.
2005 Sep, In Iraq army recruits
traveling by bus from Karbala to Qaim were stopped by gunmen and
taken away. In 2008 a mass grave was found near Qaim containing the
remains of 34 people, including 2 women, believed to be the army
recruits abducted in 2005.
(SFC, 10/23/08, p.A11)
2005 Oct 1, The US military
released about 500 Iraqi detainees from the notorious Abu Ghraib
prison, completing its plan to free a total of more than 1,000 this
week in honor of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.
2005 Oct 1, In Iraq US Marines
began a 3-day offensive dubbed Iron Fist that included a sweep of
the insurgency stronghold of Karabila.
2005 Oct 2, Hundreds of U.S.
troops combed through a village near the Syrian border, breaking
into houses and fighting sporadic gun battles with gunmen on the
second day of a new offensive against al-Qaida insurgents. At least
eight militants were killed.
2005 Oct 2, Al-Qaida in Iraq
claimed to have captured two US Marines participating in an
offensive in western Iraq, threatening in a Web statement to kill
them within 24 hours. The US military said the claim appeared to be
2005 Oct 3, In western Iraq 2
US soldiers and a Marine were killed.
2005 Oct 4, Iraqi lawmakers
approved the death penalty for anyone financing or "provoking"
2005 Oct 4, A suicide car bomb
exploded at a checkpoint at the main entrance of Baghdad's Green
Zone, killing two Iraqi policemen and wounding one.
2005 Oct 4, In western Iraq
some 2,500 U.S. troops along with Iraqi forces launched their second
major offensive in a week, sweeping into three towns to take them
back from insurgents who had killed Marines there last month.
2005 Oct 5, Iraq's parliament
voted to reverse last-minute changes to rules for next week's
referendum on a new constitution after the UN said they were unfair.
Sunni Arabs responded by dropping their threat to boycott the vote
and promised to reject the charter at the polls.
2005 Oct 5, A bomb exploded at
the entrance of a Shiite Muslim mosque south of Baghdad as hundreds
of worshippers gathered for prayers on the first day of Ramadan and
for the funeral of a man killed in an earlier bombing. At least 25
people were killed and 87 wounded. In Kirkuk assassins killed Nabiel
Sharaf Aldeen, a retired police official.
(AP, 10/5/05)(SFC, 10/7/05, p.A14)
2005 Oct 5, A video showing two
Iraqi men being beheaded for allegedly spying for the United States
was posted on a militant Islamic Web site, and the Ansar al-Sunnah
Army claimed it had carried out the executions.
2005 Oct 6, Insurgents using
suicide and roadside bombs killed at least 13 people, including a
U.S. soldier, and wounded 19 in the latest of a series of attacks
aimed at wrecking Iraq's constitutional referendum next week.
Insurgents attacked an Oil Ministry convoy killing 6 officers.
(AP, 10/6/05)(SFC, 10/7/05, p.A14)
2005 Oct 6, Bomb blasts killed
six Marines in western Iraq. US forces killed 29 militants in
offensives aimed at uprooting al-Qaida insurgents.
2005 Oct 7, At least seven
Iraqi civilians were killed in shootings around the city, and at
least two bodies were found dumped in the capital.
2005 Oct 7, In Iraq insurgents
killed Haj Abdul Bajid Ahmed Al-Jibori, a member of the local
district council, in a drive-by shooting southwest of the northern
city of Kirkuk. West of Baghdad, a drive-by shooting killed police
Capt. Haqi Ismael, who worked with the Ministry of Interior.
2005 Oct 7, The Senate voted to
give President Bush $50 billion more for the wars in Iraq and
Afghanistan and US military efforts against terrorism, money that
would push total spending for the operations beyond $350 billion.
2005 Oct 8, In Iraq insurgents
killed two Iraqis and wounded 12 with roadside bombs and drive-by
2005 Oct 9, A suicide car bomb
killed 2 people outside an apartment building used by the
Iranian-backed Badr Brigade, a Shiite militia linked to one of the
main parties in the Iraqi government.
2005 Oct 10, An Iraqi official
said an arrest warrant has been issued for Hazem Shaalam, a former
Iraqi defense minister, accused of corruption and abuse of power
while working in the previous interim government, which was
installed by the United States last year.
2005 Oct 10, In Iraq insurgents
launched a new salvo of attacks five days ahead of a crucial
constitutional referendum, killing at least 12 Iraqis and a US
soldier with suicide car bombs, roadside explosives and drive-by
2005 Oct 11, The British
government said it will pay unspecified compensation for injuries
and damage caused when its army stormed a police station in the
southern Iraqi city of Basra last month to release two soldiers.
2005 Oct 11, In Iraq an IED
killed 2 US soldiers in Ramadi.
(WSJ, 10/12/05, p.A1)
2005 Oct 12, Iraq’s President
Jalal Talabani and other top politicians praised as "historic" the
last-minute compromises that negotiators reached on the draft
constitution and urged Iraqis to vote "yes" in this weekend's
2005 Oct 12, A suicide bomber
killed 30 Iraqis at an army recruiting center. An explosion shut
down an oil pipeline near the northern city of Beiji.
2005 Oct 13, In Iraq a US
soldier died when by a roadside bomb hit his combat patrol.
2005 Oct 14, Sunni insurgents
launched five attacks against the largest Sunni Arab political party
on the eve of Iraq's crucial referendum, bombing and burning offices
and the home of one of its leaders in retaliation after the group
dropped its opposition to the draft constitution.
2005 Oct 15, Iraq's deeply
divided Shiites, Sunnis and Kurds voted under heavy guard Saturday
to decide the fate of a new constitution. A roadside bomb killed
three Iraqi soldiers in northeast Iraq, and seven people were
wounded during attacks by insurgents near five of Baghdad's 1,200
2005 Oct 15, In Iraq 5 American
soldiers were killed by a bomb blast on referendum day.
2005 Oct 16, Iraq's
constitution seemed assured of passage despite strong opposition
from Sunni Arabs, who voted in surprisingly high numbers in an
effort to stop it.
2005 Oct 17, Iraq's former
Prime Minister Ayad Allawi and other secular leaders announced a new
coalition they said unites moderate Sunnis, Shiites and other
political groups to run in December's parliamentary elections.
2005 Oct 17, In western Iraq 2
US Marines were killed in fighting near the Jordanian border.
Insurgents shot and killed Ayed Abdul Ghani, an adviser to one of
Iraq's top Sunni Arab officials, as he drove to work in Baghdad.
2005 Oct 17, US warplanes and
helicopters bombed two western villages, killing an estimated 70
militants near a site where five American soldiers died in a weekend
roadside blast, the military. Residents said at least 39 of the dead
2005 Oct 18, A roadside bomb
hit a US Army patrol south of Baghdad, killing one soldier and
wounding two others. A US soldier died from a non-hostile gunshot
wound at a forward operating base near Mosul.
(AP, 10/19/05)(AP, 10/20/05)
2005 Oct 18, A British soldier
was killed by a roadside bomb in southern Iraq.
2005 Oct 19, A defiant Saddam
Hussein pleaded innocent to charges of murder and torture as his
long-awaited trial began with the one-time dictator arguing about
the legitimacy of the court and scuffling with guards.
2005 Oct 19, Iraq’s trial of
Saddam Hussein on war crimes charges was adjourned to Nov 28 shortly
after it began.
2005 Oct 19, Iraqi police
arrested Saddam Hussein's nephew in Baghdad, charging that he served
as the top financier of Iraq's rampant insurgency. 3 US soldiers
were killed by a roadside bomb.
2005 Oct 19, Sunni-led
insurgents killed 26 people in Iraq, including six Shiites who were
lined up at a factory and gunned down in front of their fellow
(AP, 10/19/05)(SFC, 10/20/05, p.A15)
2005 Oct 19, Rory Carroll, 33,
an Irish citizen who is the London Guardian's Baghdad correspondent,
was kidnapped while on assignment. Carroll was released the next
(AP, 10/19/05)(AP, 10/20/05)
2005 Oct 20, An Iraqi Airways
plane landed in Cairo, making the first regular flight between Iraq
and Egypt in 15 years.
2005 Oct 20, In northern Iraq
insurgents using explosives set fire to the main oil pipeline.
Militants riding in a car opened fire on civilians outside a food
shop in the southern Dora area of Baghdad, killing two. The
militants then stopped, rushed into the store and gunned down a
third Iraqi. A rocket hit a public school for students aged 12 to 15
in the western al-Mansour neighborhood of the capital, killing one
child and wounding five. A nearby shopkeeper also was killed. A
suicide car bomb exploded in front of a provincial government
building in the city of Baqouba, 35 miles northeast of Baghdad.
Three people were killed and 14 wounded.
2005 Oct 20, Saadoun Sughaiyer
al-Janabi, a defense lawyer in Saddam Hussein's mass murder trial,
was found dead soon after being kidnapped. His body was dumped near
a Baghdad mosque with two gunshots to the head. 4 US service members
were killed in two attacks. An American soldier was killed in the
northwestern town of Hit by "indirect fire," a term that usually
means a mortar or rocket attack.
2005 Oct 21, Iran's supreme
leader, long a critic of the United States, praised the U.S.-backed
constitutional referendum in Iraq as "blessed" and urged Iraqis to
participate December's parliamentary elections.
2005 Oct 22, US soldiers and
warplanes killed 20 insurgents and destroyed five "safe houses"
during an operation against militants who shelter foreign fighters
for al-Qaida in Iraq near the Syrian border.
2005 Oct 23, A suicide bombing
in a Baghdad square killed 4 people. Another suicide car bomber
killed 2 civilians in Kirkuk. In Tikrit a bomb killed a police
colonel and his 2 sons. 2 girls (7 and 9) in a nearby car were also
killed in the explosion. Drive-by shootings around Baquba killed 5
people. Gunmen killed 3 Iraqis driving a water truck to an army base
near Taji. Insurgents killed the head of a Shiite anti-Saddam
Hussein group and his driver outside Amara.
(SFC, 10/24/05, p.A3)
2005 Oct 24, Triple suicide
bombings at the Palestine and Sheraton hotels in Baghdad killed as
many as 17 people. The next day Al-Qaida in Iraq claimed
responsibility. A US soldier shot and killed one of three suicide
bombers who attacked the Palestine Hotel complex before he could
reach his intended target and that probably saved lives in the
(AP, 10/25/05)(AP, 10/29/05)
2005 Oct 25, Election officials
said Iraq's constitution was adopted by a majority in a fair vote
during the Oct. 15 referendum, as Sunni Arab opponents failed to
muster enough support to defeat it.
2005 Oct 25, In southern Iraq
an American soldier was killed in a vehicle accident near Camp
Bucca. The death raised to at least 2,001 the number of members of
the US military who have died since the beginning of the in March
2003, according to an Associated Press count.
2005 Oct 25, Al Qaeda's wing in
Iraq said it had abducted two Moroccan embassy employees who had
gone missing on their way from Jordan to Baghdad, according to a
statement on a Web site.
2005 Oct 26, In Iraq 3 mostly
Sunni Arab political parties announced that they have formed a
coalition to run in Iraq's parliamentary election in December.
2005 Oct 26, In Iraq 3 American
soldiers died in separate attacks.
2005 Oct 27, More than 2,000
companies paid about $1.8 billion in illicit kickbacks and
surcharges to Saddam Hussein's government through extensive
manipulation of the UN oil-for-food program in Iraq, according to
key findings of a UN-backed investigation obtained by The Associated
2005 Oct 27, Some 200 Shiite
militiamen loyal to radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr clashed with
Sunni militants in fighting that killed over 20 people in Medayna,
45 miles northeast of Baghdad.
(AP, 10/27/05)(AP, 11/7/05)
2005 Oct 27, The 18-month
Independent Inquiry Committee under former US Federal Reserve
chairman Paul Volcker issued a final 623-page report on corruption
in the UN oil-for-food program. It claimed that between 1997 and
2003 the Iraqi government sold $64 billion of oil to 248 companies
and bought $34.5 billion worth of humanitarian goods. The report
accused more than 2,200 companies from some 40 countries of
colluding with Saddam's regime to bilk the humanitarian program in
Iraq of $1.8 billion.
(AP, 10/27/05)(Econ, 10/29/05, p.28)(AP, 1/26/08)
2005 Oct 29, In Iraq insurgents
killed 3 US soldiers and wounded four, and American forces attacked
two towns near the Syrian border, killing at least 10 militants.
Witnesses said some of the victims were civilians.
2005 Oct 29, US troops backed
by helicopters and a jet attacked insurgents planning a nighttime
ambush near an American base north of Baghdad, killing six militants
and wounding and capturing five. A US jet dropped a bomb north of
Ramadi, 70 miles west of Baghdad, killing three insurgents who were
planting a roadside bomb. The corpses of three handcuffed and
blindfolded Iraqis were found in Baghdad. A truck bombing in a
Shiite farming village north of Baghdad killed 30 people and left 42
(AP, 10/30/05)(Reuters, 10/30/05)
2005 Oct 30, Insurgents killed
seven Iraqi civilians in scattered attacks. An Iraqi cabinet adviser
was killed when gunmen attacked his car in northern Baghdad, and a
deputy trade minister was wounded in a separate attack. A US Army
soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in central Iraq.
(AP, 10/30/05)(Reuters, 10/30/05)(SFC, 11/1/05,
2005 Oct 30, It was reported
that the US military had begun tracking the deaths of Iraqi
civilians. Estimates of those killed and wounded averaged 26 per day
from early 2004 and rose to 63 per day by the end of August, 2005.
Attacks against Americans and Iraqis were reported to be averaging
85 a day for much of the past year.
(SSFC, 10/30/05, p.A21)
2005 Oct 31, The US military
said 6 American soldiers were killed in two bombings, making October
one of the deadliest months for U.S. troops in Iraq this year. A car
bomb exploded in a commercial district of Basra, killing at least 20
with 40 injured.
(AP, 10/31/05)(AP, 11/1/05)(SFC, 11/1/05, p.A3)
2005 Nov 1, In Iraq 500
prisoners walked free from the US military's Abu Ghraib jail,
released in a goodwill gesture to mark the end of the Muslim holy
month of Ramadan.
2005 Nov 2, Iraq's defense
minister invited officers of Saddam Hussein's army up to the rank of
major to join the new Iraqi army, an overture to disaffected Sunni
Arab ex-soldiers, many of whom joined the insurgency after the
Americans abolished the armed forces in 2003. A US soldier was
killed by a roadside bomb during combat operations in Ramadi.
(AP, 11/2/05)(AP, 11/3/05)
2005 Nov 2, Four US troops were
killed, two in a helicopter crash, and two from a roadside bomb, as
American ground forces fought insurgents around the city of Ramadi.
At least 23 people were killed and 46 were wounded when a car bomb
exploded outside a Shiite Muslim mosque in the Iraqi town of
(AP, 11/2/05)(Reuters, 11/2/05)
2005 Nov 3, The al-Qaida in
Iraq militant group said that it has sentenced to death two Moroccan
embassy employees kidnapped last month in Iraq, the insurgents'
latest attempt to scare Arab nations from sending diplomats.
2005 Nov 4, Sunni-led
insurgents killed 11 Iraqi security forces and wounded 14 in two
separate attacks, as Shiites began celebrating a major Muslim
2005 Nov 5, The New York Times
reported that a UN auditing board has recommended the United States
pay as much as 208 million dollars to Iraq for overbilling or shoddy
work performed by a subsidiary of the US oil services firm
2005 Nov 5, American and Iraqi
forces launched a major offensive, Operation Steel Curtain, near the
porous Syrian border aimed at destroying al-Qaida in Iraq's ability
to smuggle foreign fighters, money and equipment through the region.
(AP, 11/5/05)(SSFC, 11/13/05, p.A1)
2005 Nov 6, Dozens of people
fled Husaybah, an Iraqi town on the Syrian border, during a lull in
fighting between 3,500 US and Iraqi troops and suspected al-Qaida
insurgents armed with Kalashnikov rifles and rocket-propelled
2005 Nov 6, Iran said it
supported a stable Iraq and called for expediting the construction
of an oil pipeline and railway between the two neighbors.
2005 Nov 7, Iraqi and US
battled insurgents house to house, the third day of an assault
against al-Qaida-led insurgents in a town near the Syrian border. US
military said one Marine and at least 36 insurgents had died in the
(AP, 11/7/05)(WSJ, 11/8/05, p.A1)
2005 Nov 7, A suicide bomber
blew up his vehicle at a checkpoint south of Baghdad and killed four
American soldiers. The US command also announced five soldiers from
the elite 75th Ranger Regiment were charged with kicking and
punching Iraqi detainees.
(AP, 11/7/05)(SFC, 11/8/05, p.A3)
2005 Nov 8, Iraqi Pres. Jalal
Talabani met with Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi, a strong
supporter of the US-led war in Iraq. Talabani is on a weeklong visit
to Italy, which includes talks with the country's top officials and
a meeting at the Vatican with Pope Benedict XVI.
2005 Nov 8, Three gunmen in a
speeding car killed a defense lawyer in the Saddam Hussein trial and
wounded another, raising doubts whether Iraqis can conduct such a
sensitive prosecution in the midst of insurgency and domestic
2005 Nov 8, The UN Security
Council voted unanimously to extend the mandate of the nearly
180,000-strong multinational force in Iraq for a year, a move the
United States called a significant signal of international
commitment to Iraq's political transition.
2005 Nov 9, An employee of the
Sudanese embassy in Iraq was shot dead by armed men who opened fire
on his car in the west of Baghdad.
2005 Nov 9, Muriel Degauque, a
Belgian national married to a Moroccan man, detonated explosives
strapped to her body in a failed attack against US troops.
2005 Nov 10, Iraqi President
Jalal Talabani met with Pope Benedict XVI amid tight security that
closed down the main boulevard leading to the Vatican.
2005 Nov 10, In Iraq 2 suicide
bombers blew themselves up in a restaurant frequented by police,
killing 35 people and seriously injuring 25. A car bomb killed seven
army recruits in Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikrit.
(AP, 11/10/05)(AP, 11/11/05)
2005 Nov 10, In western Iraq 3
American troops were killed, including one along the Syrian border
during a major push to take control of the frontier from insurgents.
US forces raided an insurgent cell responsible for suicide bombings
in which seven men were killed, including one wearing a vest loaded
2005 Nov 10, A UN agency said
thousands of contaminated industrial and military sites left over
from wars in Iraq must urgently be cleaned up to stop them from
further harming people's health and the environment.
2005 Nov 11, US Secretary of
State Condoleezza Rice, on a surprise visit to Iraq, pressed for
unity among the country's religious factions. In Baghdad gunmen
opened fire on the compound of the Embassy of Oman, killing two
people and wounding two others. 3 Iraqi police officers were killed
when their vehicle was ambushed near Baqouba, 35 miles northeast of
(AP, 11/11/05)(AP, 11/11/06)
2005 Nov 11, Al-Qaida in Iraq
claimed that four Iraqis, including a husband and wife, carried out
the Nov 9 suicide bombings against three Amman hotels, and police
arrested 120 Jordanians and Iraqis in the hunt for anyone who might
have aided them.
2005 Nov 11, An Internet report
said Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, the highest ranking leader still
at-large from Saddam Hussein's regime, died. The report was not
(AP, 11/12/05)(AP, 11/13/05)
2005 Nov 12, UN
Secretary-General Kofi Annan met with Iraqi leaders to call for
reconciliation ahead of upcoming elections.
2005 Nov 12, At least four
people were killed and 24 wounded when a car bomb exploded near a
busy vegetable market in southeastern Baghdad.
2005 Nov 12, In Iraq 2 U.S.
Marines were killed in combat and an American soldier died in a
2005 Nov 13, In Iraq Sunni Arab
leaders demanded that U.S. and Iraqi troops suspend military
operations in heavily Sunni areas, accusing the Shiite-led
government of trying to divide the nation ahead of next month's
2005 Nov 13, Some 1,100 Iraqi
lawyers issued a statement on withdrawing from Saddam Hussein's
defense team, citing insufficient protection following the slayings
of two peers representing co-defendants of the ousted Iraqi leader.
2005 Nov 13, Prince Saud
al-Faisal, Saudi Arabia's foreign minister. said he is less worried
that US policies in Iraq will bring on a civil war there, and
pledged anew to contribute $1 billion for rebuilding that
war-ravaged country's shattered infrastructure.
2005 Nov 13, Jordanian security
forces arrested Sajida ubarak Atrous al-Rishawi (35), an Iraqi
woman, whose husband is suspected of blowing up one of three Amman
hotels. This followed a tip off by an al-Qaida claim that a
husband-and-wife team participated in the attacks that killed 57
other people. Her husband was Ali Hussein Ali Shamari. The 2 other
bombers were identified as Rawad Jassem Mohammed Abed (23) and Safaa
Mohammed Ali (23). The bombers were from Fallujah.
(AP, 11/13/05)(SFC, 11/14/05, p.A3)
2005 Nov 14, Iraqi and US
troops, trying to stem the flow of insurgent fighters from Syria,
launched a dawn assault on a border town killing some 50 militants.
This continued Operation Steel curtain begun on Nov 5. Police in
Baghdad said a car bomb detonated near one of their patrols outside
a gate leading into the fortified Green Zone, killing two South
(AP, 11/14/05)(SFC, 11/15/05, p.A3)
2005 Nov 14, Six people were
killed and 30 wounded when a roadside bomb exploded near two coaches
in the western Iraqi city of Ramadi.
2005 Nov 14, A UN report said
the Iraqi army and multinational forces violated international law
during military operations in western Iraq last month by arresting
doctors and occupying medical facilities.
2005 Nov 15, Iraq’s PM Ibrahim
al-Jaafari said more than 170 malnourished Iraqi detainees found at
an Interior Ministry detention center appear to have been tortured.
The Interior Ministry is controlled by Shiites. Sunni leaders have
accused Shiite-dominated security forces of detaining, torturing and
killing hundreds of Sunnis simply because of their religious
2005 Nov 15, Iraqi and US
forces fighting insurgents near the Syrian border ran into fierce
resistance, with troops encountering dozens of explosive booby traps
and killing at least 30 insurgents.
2005 Nov 16, Philip H. Bloom,
an American businessman living overseas, was charged for paying
kickbacks to U.S. occupation authorities to win reconstruction
contracts in Iraq.
(AP, 11/17/05)(SFC, 11/18/05, p.A15)
2005 Nov 17, It was reported
that Syria had detained 4 Australian-Iraqi women at the Damascus
airport for allegedly trying to take gun parts hidden in a child's
toy onto a plane bound for Australia.
2005 Nov 17, Pennsylvania
Democratic congressman John Murtha argued that it was time to bring
US troops home from Iraq.
(Econ, 11/26/05, p.35)
2005 Nov 17, Robert Stein of
North Carolina, arrested on Nov 14, was charged with accepting
kickbacks and bribes during his tenure as a controller and financial
officer of the US occupation authority in Iraq. He steered
construction contracts to Philip Bloom, who was charged with a range
of crimes on Nov 16.
(SFC, 11/18/05, p.A15)
2005 Nov 18, In eastern Iraq
suicide bombers killed at least 75 worshippers at two mosques
including 2 suicide bombers who detonated themselves inside a Shiite
mosque in Khanaqin, a town near the Iranian border, killing at least
35 people. In Baghdad two car bombs targeted a hotel housing foreign
journalists and killed eight Iraqis.
(AP, 11/18/05)(AP, 11/19/05)(SFC, 11/19/05, p.A1)
2005 Nov 18, South Korea
announced plans to pull a third of its troops out of Iraq, a day
after President Bush met with his South Korean counterpart and
praised him as a staunch ally in the Iraq conflict.
2005 Nov 19, A car bomb
exploded among shoppers at an outdoor market in a mostly Shiite
neighborhood in southeast Baghdad, killing 13 people and wounding
about 20 others. A suicide bomber detonated his car in a crowd of
Shiite mourners north of Baghdad, killing at least 50 people. 5 US
soldiers were killed and 5 others were wounded in a pair of roadside
bombings in northern Iraq. An ambush on a joint US-Iraqi patrol
northwest of Baghdad left 15 civilians, 8 insurgents and a US Marine
dead from a roadside bomb and the firefight that followed. It was
later reported that Marines killed 24 civilians including women and
children in retaliation for the death of a Marine in a roadside
bombing in Haditha. In 2006 four Marines were charged with murder
and 4 officers were charged with crimes related to their alleged
failure to investigate and report the slayings. The four Marines
charged with murder for the Haditha deaths were: Staff Sgt. Frank D.
Wuterich; Sgt. Sanick P. Dela Cruz; Lance Cpl. Justin L. Sharratt;
and Lance Cpl. Stephen B. Tatum. In 2007 murder charges were dropped
against Dela Cruz after he agreed to provide testimony in the case.
All charges against Sharratt and Stone were dropped on Aug 9. In
2008 charges of involuntary manslaughter against Tatum were dropped.
In 2008 Charges against Lt. Col. Jeffrey Chessani, who was accused
of failing to investigate the killings, were also dismissed. In 2012
Wuterich pleaded guilty to dereliction of duty and was sentenced to
3 months confinement. Under the plea deal he was discharged under
(AP, 11/20/05)(Econ, 6/3/06, p.27)(SFC, 12/22/06,
p.A1)(AP, 1/6/07)(SFC, 4/18/07, p.A9)(SFC, 8/10/07, p.A7)(SFC,
3/29/08, p.A3)(WSJ, 6/18/08, p.A2)(SFC, 1/24/12, p.A4)(SFC, 2/22/12,
2005 Nov 19, Iraqi and US
forces raided a farmhouse in northern Iraq at dawn, searching for
suspected members of al-Qaida in Iraq. Eight insurgents and four
Iraqi policemen were killed. In Mosul 2 US soldiers were killed by
(AP, 11/19/05)(SFC, 11/23/05, p.A3)
2005 Nov 20, In Iraq a car bomb
exploded by a convoy carrying the mayor of Madaen killing 5
civilians. 3 bodies, all blindfolded and shot in the head, were
found in Sadr City. A headless body was found south of Baghdad. A
policeman was shot dead in Baghdad. A roadside bomb in Baghdad
killed a child and wounded 5 others. A US soldier was killed by
small arms fire north of Baghdad. A US marine died from wounds
suffered the previous day in Karma.
(SFC, 11/21/05, p.A6)
2005 Nov 21, In Egypt Iraqi
leaders backed a Sunni call for a timetable for the withdrawal of
U.S.-led forces and said Iraq's opposition had a "legitimate right"
of resistance. The announcement concluded a reconciliation
conference backed by the Arab League.
(AP, 11/22/05)(SFC, 11/22/05, p.A1)(WSJ,
2005 Nov 21, US forces
mistakenly fired on a civilian vehicle outside an American base in a
city north of Baghdad, killing 5 people, including 2 children.
Gunmen in Tarmiya killed 4 police officers. In Basra gunmen killed a
Sunni cleric. A US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb near
(AP, 11/21/05)(SFC, 11/22/05, p.A13)(SFC,
2005 Nov 22, Iraqi and US
troops launched an operation in predominately Sunni western Iraq to
prevent insurgents from stopping the vote in that city.
2005 Nov 22, In Iraq insurgents
in Kirkuk exploded a car bomb amid a police convoy killing 21 people
including at least 9 police officers.
(SFC, 11/23/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 11/23/05, p.A1)
2005 Nov 23, Gunmen wearing
Iraqi army uniforms broke into the home of Khadim Sarhid
al-Hemaiyem, a senior Sunni leader, and killed him, his three sons
2005 Nov 24, In central Iraq a
suicide car bomber targeting US troops handing out toys to children
at a hospital killed 34 people, including 4 police guards, 3 women
and 2 children.
(AP, 11/24/05)(Reuters, 11/24/05)
2005 Nov 24, A suicide car
bomber attacked a crowded market in Hilla, south of Baghdad, on
Thursday killing at least 4 people and wounding 23 others.
2005 Nov 24, Japan finalized an
agreement to forgive $6.1 billion of Iraqi debt, or about 80% of the
total owed by Baghdad.
2005 Nov 25, Susanne Osthoff, a
German aid worker and archaeologist, was kidnapped in Iraq; she was
released more than three weeks later.
2005 Nov 26, In Iraq a suicide
bomber drove his pickup truck into a crowded gas station north of
Baghdad and killed 12 people. A 2nd car bomb targeting a convoy of
foreigners killed four others in the capital.
2005 Nov 26, A US Marine died
when his vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb near Camp Taqaddum, 45
miles west of Baghdad. Iraqi police arrested 8 Sunni Arabs in the
northern city of Kirkuk for allegedly plotting to assassinate the
investigating judge who prepared the case against Saddam Hussein.
2005 Nov 26, In Iraq 4
humanitarian workers, including two Canadians, were kidnapped.
Canadian hostages James Loney (41), and Harmeet Singh Sooden (32);
Tom Fox (54), of Clear Brook, Va., and Norman Kember (74), of
London, had been warned repeatedly by Iraqi and Western security
officials before being abducted that they were taking a grave risk
by moving around Baghdad without bodyguards. Fox’s body was found
Mar 9, 2006.
(CP, 11/27/05)(AP, 1/28/06)(AP, 3/11/06)
2005 Nov 28, In Iraq the trial
of Saddam Hussein resumed with the former Iraqi president trying to
take command of the courtroom and angrily complaining about being
shackled and mistreated by foreign guards.
2005 Nov 28, Sheik Bashir Hadi
Fakhreddine, Sunni imam of Bilal al-Habashi mosque in Kirkuk,
kidnapped 10 days ago in eastern Baghdad along with his friend Seif
Abdullah, were found dead in Baghdad.
2005 Nov 29, Iraq's interior
ministry banned all non-Iraqi Arabs from entering the country until
further notice as part of security measures for the Dec. 15 general
elections. Al-Jazeera broadcast video of four Western peace
activists held hostage by a previously unknown group, the Swords of
Righteousness Brigade. 3 of the hostages were later released, but
one of them, American Tom Fox, was killed. Photos broadcast showed a
blindfolded German woman being led away by armed captors in the
latest kidnapping of a Westerner in Iraq. Six Iranian pilgrims,
meanwhile, were abducted by gunmen north of Baghdad. Two US soldiers
were killed when their patrol was hit by a roadside bomb north of
(AP, 12/02/05)(AP, 11/29/06)
2005 Nov 30, Iraqi and US
troops launched a joint operation in an area west of Baghdad used to
rig car bombs. American soldiers rounded up 33 suspected insurgents
in southern parts of Baghdad. Gunmen shot to death 9 Shiite Muslim
laborers near Baquba.
(SFC, 12/1/05, p.A17)
2005 Dec 1, In Iraq 10 Marines
on foot patrol were killed and 11 wounded by a roadside bomb near
Fallujah in one of the deadliest attack on American troops in recent
2005 Dec 2, In Iraq 3 US
soldiers from the 48th Brigade Combat Team were killed in a traffic
accident south of Baghdad.
2005 Dec 2, Former Iraqi PM
Muhammad Hamza al-Zubaydi (67), one of the top Saddam Hussein-era
leaders captured in Iraq, died at a U.S. military hospital in
2005 Dec 3, In Iraq insurgents
ambushed an Iraqi patrol northeast of Baghdad, detonating a roadside
bomb and then firing on the patrol, killing 19 and wounding two.
2005 Dec 4, Unidentified gunmen
killed a parliamentary candidate and an Iraqi police commander in
separate attacks while a bomb that detonated as a police patrol
passed through central Baghdad killed three civilians.
2005 Dec 5, In Iraq
unidentified gunmen abducted Bernard Planche, a French engineer, as
he was on his way to work in Baghdad. He was later freed. The trial
of Saddam Hussein resumed in Baghdad.
(AP, 12/05/05)(AP, 12/5/06)
2005 Dec 6, In Iraq 2 suicide
bombers struck Baghdad's police academy, killing at least 43 people
and wounding at least 72 more. Al-Jazeera broadcast an insurgent
video claiming to have kidnapped a US security consultant.
(SFC, 12/7/05, p.A1)(AP, 12/6/06)
2005 Dec 6, Kyodo News said
Japan plans to extend its humanitarian military mission to Iraq into
2006 but could pull its ground forces in the middle of the year if
the British and Australian troops guarding them leave.
2005 Dec 7, In Iraq gunmen
killed three police officers when they burst into a hospital in the
northern city of Kirkuk and freed a wounded man who had been
arrested for plotting to kill a judge in the Saddam Hussein trial.
2005 Dec 7, In Iraq gunmen
kidnapped the 8-year-old son of a bodyguard for a judge in the trial
of Saddam Hussein.
2005 Dec 8, In Iraq a suicide
bomber who jumped on a bus after security checks had been completed
detonated an explosives belt among passengers heading to a Shiite
city, killing 32 people and wounding 44.
2005 Dec 8, An Iraqi insurgent
group said in an Internet posting that it killed a U.S. security
consultant it had taken hostage.
2005 Dec 8, In Iraq a US
soldier attached to a Marine unit died while on guard duty at a base
near the town of Fallujah.
2005 Dec 9, In Iraq the
American military arrested Amir Khalaf Fanus, also known in the
Ramadi area as "the Butcher." Fanus, a high-ranking member of
al-Qaida in Iraq, was wanted for criminal activities including
murder and kidnapping.
2005 Dec 10, In Iraq 4 American
soldiers were killed in separate attacks in the Baghdad area, the
day kidnappers of four Christian peace activists set as a deadline
for killing the hostages unless US and Iraqi authorities released
all prisoners. North of Tikrit Egyptian engineer Mohammed Ibrahim
al-Hilali (46)found dead after being snatched by gunmen a day
earlier. One Iraqi soldier was killed and nine wounded in a bomb
attack targeting an army patrol in the Sunni Arab town of Balad. In
Mosul 2 civilians were killed and one wounded when a car bomb
exploded as a US convoy rolled past.
2005 Dec 12, In Iraq patients,
soldiers and prisoners began voting in parliamentary elections, a
few days ahead of the general population, while insurgent violence
killed at least 12 people and wounded more than two dozen.
2005 Dec 12, Pres. Bush for the
1st time put a number on the death toll of Iraqi civilians saying
some 30,000 had died since the start of the war with US troops
looses at about 2,140.
(SFC, 12/13/05, p.A10)
2005 Dec 13, Iraqis living
abroad began voting in the country's parliamentary elections. Gunmen
killed a Sunni Arab candidate for parliament and militants tried to
blow up a leading Shiite politician in separate attacks, the last
day of campaigning for Iraq's election.
(AP, 12/13/05)(AP, 12/13/06)
2005 Dec 15, Iraqis voted in a
historic parliamentary election, with strong turnout reported in
Sunni Arab areas and even a shortage of ballots in some precincts.
Several explosions rocked Baghdad throughout the day, but the level
of violence was low. The Iraqi election commission extended voting
in the country by an hour because of the high turnout. Bombs killed
three people despite promises by major insurgent groups not to
attack polling places. Turnout was estimated at over 67%.
(AP, 12/15/05)(WSJ, 12/16/05, p.A1)
2005 Dec 15, Italy's defense
minister said the country will pull 300 more troops out of Iraq in
January, continuing a gradual withdrawal begun earlier this year.
2005 Dec 16, Adnan al-Dulaimi,
head of the Iraqi Accordance Front, said Sunni Arab participation in
the elections could have been even higher if there had there been
more polling centers in key Sunni areas.
2005 Dec 16, The U.S. military
said Iraq has issued an arrest warrant naming Mullah Halgurd
al-Khabir as the "prime suspect" in the Aug 19, 2003, bombing of UN
headquarters in Baghdad.
2005 Dec 18, Iraq's largest oil
refinery, in Beiji, was shut down because of the deteriorating
security situation in the region.
2005 Dec 18, In Iraq suicide
bombers and gunmen killed nearly two dozen people across Iraq. Vice
President Dick Cheney made a surprise visit and suggested the vote
could pave the way for beginning a US pullout.
2005 Dec 18, A German TV
station said a German archaeologist kidnapped in Iraq last month
with her driver has been freed.
2005 Dec 19, In Iraq about 24
top former officials in Saddam Hussein's regime, including a
biological weapons expert known as "Dr. Germ," have been released
from jail. A militant group released a video of the purported
killing of American adviser Ronald Allen Schulz. His body and that
of a woman believed to be his Iraqi fiancee were found by the US
military in a grave in September 2008. A suicide car bomb exploded
outside a children's hospital in western Baghdad, killing at least
two civilians and wounding 11, including seven policemen.
(AP, 12/19/05)(AP, 5/23/09)
2005 Dec 19, Violent
demonstrations broke out across Iraq and the oil minister threatened
to resign after the government raised the prices of gasoline and
cooking fuel by up to 9 times.
2005 Dec 19, The US military
said 5 soldiers from an elite U.S. Army unit have been sentenced to
up to six months confinement in cases concerning the abuse of
detainees in Iraq.
2005 Dec 20, Sunni Arabs
alleged that last week's parliamentary elections were fraudulent,
especially in Baghdad province, and they said if the irregularities
are not corrected, new balloting must be held in Iraq's largest
2005 Dec 20, Ukraine began
pulling its remaining 876 troops out of Iraq, the defense ministry
said, making it the latest nation to wind down its presence in the
2005 Dec 23, In Iraq large
demonstrations broke out across the country to denounce
parliamentary elections that protesters say were rigged in favor of
the main religious Shiite coalition. Two US soldiers were killed
when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in Baghdad. Insurgents
killed 10 Iraqi troops outside Baghdad.
(AP, 12/23/05)(WSJ, 12/24/05, p.A1)
2005 Dec 23, Two Arab satellite
television channels said that a Sudanese diplomat and five other men
had been kidnapped in Iraq. A Sudanese Foreign Ministry spokesman
appealed for their release in an interview with Qatar-based
2005 Dec 24, Iraq’s governing
Shiite coalition called on Iraqis to accept results showing the
religious bloc leading in parliamentary elections and moved ahead
with efforts to form a “national unity" government. The electoral
commission said it would carry out a court decision to remove 90
people who were members of Saddam's Hussein's outlawed Baath party
from the tickets of political parties and coalitions that
participated in Dec. 15 elections. Militants released a video of a
Jordanian hostage, giving Jordan 3 days to cut ties with the Baghdad
government and free a female would-be suicide bomber involved in
November attacks in Amman.
(AP, 12/24/05)(AP, 12/24/06)
2005 Dec 25, Bombs struck Iraqi
police and army patrols and destroyed an American tank in Baghdad as
fresh street protests over election results kept up tension that has
soured the mood after a peaceful ballot 10 days ago. 2 US soldiers
were killed by bombs. A suicide bomber killed 5 Iraqi soldiers in
Baghdad. Bombings and gun attacks killed 11 more people in Baghdad,
Kirkuk, Mosul and Jbala.
(Reuters, 12/25/05)(SFC, 12/26/05, p.A9)
2005 Dec 26, Gunmen shot and
killed 5 police officers at a checkpoint north of Baghdad. 6 vehicle
bombs exploded in Baghdad, leaving another 5 people dead and over 40
wounded. At least two dozen people including a US soldier were
killed in shootings and bombings mostly targeting the
Shiite-dominated security services.
2005 Dec 26, Two US pilots were
killed after their Apache collided in mid-air with another
helicopter just west of Baghdad.
2005 Dec 27, Clashes erupted
between gunmen and Iraqi police in Baghdad, killing two policemen
and two bystanders. South of Baghdad, a roadside bomb targeting a
police patrol killed two officers, and gunmen in southern Baghdad
killed another. Gunmen southeast of Kirkuk, killed one police
2005 Dec 27, Ukraine and
Bulgaria said all their troops had left Iraq. Poland said it would
remain but reduce its number of troops by 600 next year.
2005 Dec 28, An inmate in a
Baghdad prison grabbed an assault rifle from a guard and opened
fire. 9 Iraqis died in a failed jailbreak after storming the armory
at a high-security prison.
(AP, 12/28/05)(AFP, 12/29/05)
2005 Dec 29, Sunni Arab and
secular groups refused to open discussions with the Shiite religious
bloc leading in Iraq's parliamentary elections until a full review
of the contested results is carried out. An international team
agreed to assess Iraq's parliamentary elections, a decision lauded
by Sunni Arab and secular Shiite groups who have staged repeated
protests around Iraq complaining of widespread fraud and
intimidation. Fourteen Shiite men and women were gunned down in an
area south of Iraq's capital known as the "triangle of death." A US
soldier died in a bomb blast and a Lebanese was kidnapped in
Baghdad. A suicide bomber blew himself up next to a police patrol
car in Baghdad, killing four policemen and wounding five.
(AP, 12/29/05)(AFP, 12/29/05)(AP, 12/30/05)
2005 Dec 30, Long lines formed
at gas stations in Baghdad as word spread that Iraq's largest oil
refinery had shut down in the face of threats against truck drivers,
and fears grew of a gas shortage. A suicide car bomber and a mortar
killed six people and injured 23 people in separate attacks in
2005 Dec 30, Sudan said it will
close its embassy in Baghdad in an effort to win the release of six
kidnapped employees. Al-Qaida in Iraq threatened to kill the
captives if the diplomatic mission remained.
2005 Dec 31, In Iraq inflation
for the year ran at 15%. The official unemployment was 10%, but some
believed that it could be more than 20%. The population was around
(WSJ, 6/22/06, p.A12)
2005 Dec 31, A bomb in Khalis
killed 5 members of the Iraqi Islamic Party. Gunmen raided a house
south of Baghdad, killing five Sunni family members, and a roadside
bomb in the capital killed two policemen. The wave of violence
claimed at least 20 lives.
(AP, 12/31/05)(SSFC, 1/1/06, p.A3)
2005 Dec 31, Al-Qaida in Iraq
released 6 kidnapped employees of Sudan's embassy following the
Sudanese government's pledge to close its embassy in Baghdad.
2005 Anthony Shadid, an Arab
speaking American journalist, authored “Night Draws Near: Iraq’s
People in the Shadow of America’s War," an inside account of the US
war in Iraq.
(Econ, 9/3/05, p.73)