Timeline Kashmir

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Dhar: http://www.jammu-kashmir.org/KOA/Crown/history.html
History:
http://www.amherst.edu/~mbkolodn/thesis/Chapter_One.html
IndiaMonitor:
http://www.indiamonitor.com/Kashmir.htm
ThinkQuest:
http://library.thinkquest.org/10131/kashmir_history.html

48Mil BC    Indohyus, a creature about the size of a raccoon, lived about this time and spent much of its time in the water. Fossils of Indohyus were later unearthed in Kashmir and revealed evolutionary similarities to what later developed into the earliest whales and dolphins.
    (SFC, 12/20/07, p.A23)

1846        Jammu and Kashmir was born after the British defeated the Sikh empire that ruled the Indian north. A vast chunk was sold to the Dogra family for 7.5 million rupees. The rulers were Hindu, but their subjects mostly Muslim.
    (Econ 7/22/17, SR p.6)

c1890        A maharajah decreed that that no non-Kashmiri could buy land. The British went on to establish villages on water.
    (SFC, 4/29/00, p.D4)

1927        In Kashmir residency rights were introduced by Hindu king, Hari Singh, to stop the influx of outsiders in the former princely state. Historians later said the maharaja brought land ownership rights on the insistence of powerful Kashmiri Hindus. They continued under Indian rule after 1947, as part of Kashmir’s special status.
    (AP, 8/3/20)

1947        Aug 15, India gained independence after some 200 years of British rule. Prior to independence, 565 princes ruled a third of India. After independence the government let the royals retain their titles and assets in return for incorporating their principalities into the new nation. Independence in Pakistan and India led to bloody conflicts and thousands died.
    (WSJ, 1/9/95, A-8)(TMC, 1994, p.1947)(WSJ, 12/21/95, p.A-12)(WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-10)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(AP, 8/15/97)

1947        Oct 27,  Indian troops entered Kashmir. The Hindu maharajah of Muslim-majority Kashmir joined India. The accession, not recognized by Pakistan, led to a war.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A20)(AP, 10/27/18)

1947        Nov 2, Jawaharlal Nehru said: "We have declared that the fate of Kashmir is ultimately to be decided by the people. That pledge we have given, and the Maharaja has supported it not only to the people of Kashmir but the world. We will not, and cannot back out of it. We are prepared when peace and law and order have been established to have a referendum held under international auspices like the United Nations. We want it to be a fair and just reference to the people, and we shall accept their verdict. I can imagine no fairer and juster offer."
    (http://tinyurl.com/8sovl)

1947        A Pushtun force of Wazirs and Mehsuds poured into Kashmir for the newly formed Islamic republic of Pakistan, sparking the first Indo-Pakistan war.
    (Econ, 1/2/10, p.17)(Econ, 5/21/11, p.48)

1948        May, India and Pakistan went to war over the Himalayan region of Kashmir, which was divided between the two nations at partition. The Pakistani third was known as Jammu and Kashmir, while India controlled the eastern two-thirds where 8 million people lived. The region was mostly Muslim.
    (SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(WSJ, 5/22/98, p.A15)(WSJ, 10/12/01, p.A1)

1949        Jan 1, The UN brokered a cease-fire in Kashmir. It granted Kashmir the right to vote on whether to remain in India or to join Pakistan. No vote took place.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A20)

1954        Ardito Desio (d.2001 at 104) of Italy organized the 1st expedition to reach the top of K2, the world’s 2nd highest peak.
    (SFC, 12/14/01, p.A33)

1962        Oct 20, A Chinese army landed in India for a brief border war in the Himalayas. The northeast Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, twice the size of Switzerland, was occupied in a week-long assault by China and closed to foreign tourists, due to the border war. Some 3,000 Indian officers and men were killed. China gained control from India of the northeast region of Kashmir known as Aksai Chin. Arunachal Pradesh re-opened in 1993.
    (WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-10)(SFC, 11/29/96, p.A1)(http://countrystudies.us/nepal/19.htm)(SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)(SSFC, 1/4/04, p.C10)(Econ, 7/5/08, p.95)(Econ, 8/21/10, p.17)

1965        Aug 6, Indian troops invaded Pakistan. Indo-Pakistani fighting spread to Kashmir and to the Punjab, The 2nd Indo-Pakistani conflict started without a formal declaration of war. Skirmishes with Indian forces started as early as August 6 or 7.
    (http://ph.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0858805.html)(MC, 8/6/02)

1965        Sep 6, India and Pakistan began a second war over Kashmir. Pakistan paratroopers raided Punjab. It ended in a cease-fire that left India with control of two-thirds of Kashmir.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A12)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(HN, 9/6/98)(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A20)

1971        Dec 17, A cease fire began between India and Pakistan in Kashmir.
    (MC, 12/17/01)

1972        Jul 2, India and Pakistan signed the Simla Agreement that provided for a bilateral settlement of disputes and a "Line of Control" in Kashmir. Article 6 of the accord clearly states: "Both governments agree... to discuss further the modalities and arrangements for the establishment of durable peace and normalization of relations," including "a final settlement of the Jammu and Kashmir."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shimla_Agreement)(SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)

1981        Asiya Andrabi founded Dukhtaran-e-Millat (Daughters of the Faith) in Indian administered Kashmir. The group supported terrorism and was banned by the Indian government from 1990-2004. In 2007 it was running 75 part-time madrassas in Kashmir.
    (Econ, 4/14/07, p.46)

1984        Feb 3, Ravindra Mhatre, India's deputy high commissioner in Britain, was kidnapped in Birmingham, England. His body was found on Feb 5. A group calling itself the Kashmir Liberation Army claimed responsibility and demanded a ransom of 1 million pounds ($1.84 million) and the release of political prisoners in India.
    (AP, 11/4/04)(http://tinyurl.com/az5uudh)

1984        Feb 11, Mohammad Maqbool Butt, founder of the pro-independence Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), was hanged in New Delhi's Tihar jail for the murder of intelligence officer Ravindra Hareshwa Mhatre. In 2004 Mohammed Aslam (49) was charged with the kidnap, false imprisonment and murder of Mhatre.
    (AP, 11/4/04)(AFP, 2/11/07)(AP, 2/11/13)

1988        Sonam Wangchuk, from the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, founded a movement that pursued educational reforms and helped tutor poor village students so they could pass exams.
    (AP, 8/31/18)
1988        The Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) set off 2 bomb blasts in Srinagar. Pakistan allowed JKLF fighters to be trained in Azad Kashmir (the Pakistan controlled section of Kashmir).
    (WSJ, 1/21/02, p.A10)
1988        Pakistan's main spy agency (ISI) gave military training to Kashmiri rebels (JKLF) battling security forces in Indian-administered Kashmir. ISI training ended in 1989. The information was only made public in 2005 by JKLF leader Amanullah Khan in the 1st volume of his Urdu-language biography "Jehed-e-Musalsal" (Continuous Struggle).
    (Reuters, 6/17/05)

1989        Nov, Rebellion erupted in India-held Kashmir and small arms sniping between Indian soldiers and rebels became routine. Many of the Islamic separatists trained in Pakistan. By 2007 over 68,000 people dead due to the insurgency.
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.A12)(SFC, 6/8/02, p.A20)(SSFC, 12/2/07, p.A17)

1989        Javed Hussain Shah completed 6 months of training in Afghanistan and led a Kashmiri insurgent group later dubbed the Jihad Force. He fought along with al-Qaida members and later became a Kashmiri legislator.
    (SSFC, 6/23/02, p.A13)

1989-2002    Some 6,000 people disappeared in Indian-Kashmir over this period. Violence over this time claimed some 60,000 lives.
    (SFC, 9/27/02, p.A16)

1990        Jan, India opened fire in Kashmir. Over 30,000 people were killed over the next 12 years.
    (SSFC, 12/30/01, p.A22)

1990        Jul, India’s 1958 Armed Forces Special Powers Act, was extended to Kashmir. It allowed soldiers to search houses without warrants and shoot anyone suspected of being a terrorist.
    (http://tinyurl.com/27uour9)(Econ, 9/18/10, p.58)

1990-2001    Over 1,000 Jammu-Kashmir civilians were killed by land mines over this period along with nearly 9,000 injuries.
    (SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A18)

1993        Mar 9, The All Parties Hurriyat Conference, a coalition of 26 parties, formed as a united political front to raise the cause of Kashmiri separatism and advocated separation from India by peaceful means.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All_Parties_Hurriyat_Conference)(Econ 5/27/17, p.36)

1993        Javed Hussain Shah led the Kashmiri insurgent Jihad Force and fought along with al Qaeda members. Shah later became a Kashmiri legislator.
    (SSFC, 6/23/02, p.A12)

1995        Jul, Four hostages: Donald Hutchings, Keith Mangan, Paul Wells and Dirk Hasert were seized by Kashmir guerillas, who call themselves Al Faran. In May ‘96 a Muslim insurgent, who claimed to have been involved, said the men were killed and buried in the mountains in Dec. The captured rebel Nasir Mehmood said in a police report that the hostages were killed Dec 13, 1995 by guerrillas of Harkat-ul-Ansar, a group based in Pakistan. The Al Faran name was coined to confuse Indian authorities. The Harkatul Mujahedeen kidnapped the tourists.
    (SFC, 5/27/96, p.A6)(SFC, 12/23/96, p.A12)(SFC, 4/8/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 10/12/01, p.A6)

1995        Aug 13, Hans-Christian Ostro, a 27-year-old Norwegian who had come to India to study dance was found dead in the Pahalgam district with his severed head balanced between his thighs, close to the sight of a previous kidnapping by Kashmir guerillas.
    (SFC, 5/27/96, p.A6)

1996        Mar, Jaleel Andrabi, a Kashmiri human rights lawyer, disappeared in Srinagar at the height of an anti-India uprising. His body was recovered 19 days later in a local river. He had been shot in the head and his eyes gouged out. Avtar Singh, a major in the Indian army, fled the country after he was accused of killing Andrabi. India called for Singh’s extradition after his location was discovered following his Feb 21, 2011, arrest in California in a domestic violence case.
    (AP, 3/1/11)

1996        Osama bin Laden established training camps for Kashmir fighters in Khost, Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 10/12/01, p.A6)

1997        Jul 7, Abdul Rashid Wani (30) disappeared in Srinagar, Kashmir, while running an errand on the day of his niece’s wedding.
    (SSFC, 12/2/07, p.A17)

1998        Jan, Masked gunmen killed 23 people in a village near Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.D1)

1998        Apr, Suspected separatist guerrillas shot and killed 29 Hindus in the Jammu and Kashmir region.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.D1)

1998        Jun 19, Suspected separatist guerrillas shot and killed 25 male members of 2 Hindu wedding parties in Jammu and Kashmir state.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.D1)

1998        Aug 10, Fighting in Kashmir resumed and 19 people were reported killed in battles between Indian security forces and Pakistan-backed separatist rebels.
    (WSJ, 8/11/98, p.A1)

1998        Sep 19, In Pakistani controlled Kashmir Indian artillery fire killed 9 people and wounded 11 others over the last 2 days.
    (SFEC, 9/20/98, p.A17)

1999        Jan 19, Indian and Pakistani troops clashed in Kashmir and 4 Pakistani soldiers were killed.
    (WSJ, 1/20/99, p.A1)

1999        Feb 21, In Pakistan PM Atal Behari Vajpayee of India and Pakistan's PM Nawaz Sharif signed documents and a joint statement to reduce the risk of nuclear war and to resolve conflicts in Kashmir. The diplomatic journey inaugurated the first regular bus service between the two nations.
    (SFC, 2/22/99, p.A8)(AP, 8/16/18)

1999        Feb, The Pakistan Army began to re-occupy the posts it had abandoned on its side of the Line of Control in the Kargil region, but also sent forces to occupy some posts on the Indian side of the LOC. Pakistani army chief Gen. Musharaff sent troops there without informing PM Nawaz Sharif.
    (Econ, 6/19/10, p.46)

1999        May 27, India lost 2 fighter jets, a MiG-21 and a MiG-27, to Pakistani fire on the Pakistani side of Kashmir. Pakistan promised to return one dead pilot and to hold the other as hostage.
    (SFC, 5/28/99, p.A12)

1999        May 28, In the Kashmir border conflict Muslim guerrillas shot down an Indian helicopter and 4 Indian soldiers were killed. Pakistan offered to hold peace talks with India.
    (SFC, 5/29/99, p.A10)(SFC, 5/31/99, p.A10)

1999        May 30, In Kashmir Indian fighter jets pounded militants in the Kargil sector for the 5th day.
    (SFC, 5/31/99, p.A10)

1999        Jun 2, In Kashmir Islamic guerrillas rejected India's offer of safe passage out of the battle zone.
    (SFC, 6/3/99, p.C4)

1999        Jun 12, India and Pakistan met for talks on Kashmir with little success as each blamed the other for the insurgency.
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, p.A13)

1999        Jun 16, Pakistan admitted deep involvement on the Kashmir border war with India.
    (SFC, 6/17/99, p.C3)

1999        Jun 29, In Kashmir Indian fighters raided 13 guerrilla positions at Point 4700 and at least 40 people were killed, 25 of them Indians.
    (SFC, 6/30/99, p.A9)

1999        Jul 2, The Pakistani army reported that 58 Kashmiri civilians had been killed and 158 wounded over the last 2 month by Indian shelling.
    (SFC, 7/3/99, p.A9)

1999        Jul 4, Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif met with Pres. Clinton and announced that it would abandon its seized positions in Kashmir. Meanwhile India claimed a victory at Tiger Hill.
    (SFC, 7/5/99, p.A8)

1999        Jul 6, In Kashmir fighting continued despite a US-Pakistan pact to push for peace. India reported 55 mercenaries killed along with 9 Indian soldiers.
    (SFC, 7/7/99, p.A10)

1999        Jul 10, In India the prime minister said most of the Pakistani soldiers had been cleared out of the Indian side of Kashmir.
    (SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A26)

1999        Jul 11, In India and Pakistan top commanders agreed to the withdrawal of Islamic militants from Kashmir along with a complete cease fire.
    (SFC, 7/12/99, p.A1)

1999        Jul 13, Islamic militants of the United Jihad Council said they would change positions but not pull out of the disputed region.
    (WSJ, 7/14/99, p.A1)

1999        Jul 20, 20 Hindus were killed in 3 separate incidents by Muslim insurgents.
    (SFC, 7/21/99, p.C2)

1999        Jul 27, A bomb in Pakistan-ruled Kashmir killed 7 people and injured 40 when it exploded on a bus in the Kotli district.
    (WSJ, 7/28/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug 4, In Kashmir 4 days of fighting left at least 50 people dead including 32 militants and 7 Indian soldiers.
    (SFC, 8/6/99, p.A16)

1999        Aug 6, Violence in Kashmir left 32 dead.
    (SFC, 8/7/99, p.A12)

1999        Aug 14, Separatist rebels in India killed at least 7 people in Kashmir and Assam attacks on Pakistan Independence Day.
    (WSJ, 8/16/99, p.A1)

1999        Sep 1, In Kashmir Pakistani soldiers attacked Indian posts over the last 2 days and left 22 soldiers dead.
    (SFC, 9/2/99, p.A16)

1999        Oct 25, In Kashmir Indian troops killed 4 Pakistani soldiers with artillery and small arms in the mountainous Uri sector.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.C2)

1999        Oct 28, In Kashmir separatist militants fired 6 rocket-propelled grenades at the main government building in the capital and 3 people were killed and 28 injured.
    (SFC, 10/29/99, p.D3)

1999        Nov 3, Kashmiri guerrillas killed an army major and 5 others at Indian army headquarters in Srinagar.
    (SFC, 11/4/99, p.A18)

1999        Dec 14, In Jammu-Kashmir, India, at least 6 people were killed in clashes between secessionist guerrillas and security forces.
    (SFC, 12/15/99, p.B3)

1999        The Taliban of Afghanistan sent 200 guerrillas of the 055 al Qaeda Brigade to fight in Kashmir.
    (SSFC, 6/23/02, p.A12)

2000        Jan 3, In India controlled Kashmir a land mine killed 17 people.
    (WSJ, 1/4/00, p.A1)

2000        Jan 4, In Srinagar, Kashmir, 13 people and a horse were blown up in an explosion set by insurgents in a vegetable market used by Indian troops.
    (SFC, 1/22/00, p.A10)

2000        Feb 10, In Jammu-Kashmir a train explosion killed at least 5 people. In northern Kashmir gunmen burst into 2 homes in Pattan village and killed 6 people with 3 wounded.
    (SFC, 2/11/00, p.D2)

2000        Feb 18, In Kashmir a land mine killed 10 police officers in Tral. Another 6 were seriously wounded. Militants for independence or union with Pakistan claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 2/19/00, p.C1)

2000        Feb 25, Pakistan accused India that soldier had crossed the border of Pakistan-controlled Kashmir and killed 14 civilians.
    (SFC, 2/28/00, p.C2)

2000        Feb 27, India claimed that Pakistani soldiers had crossed the cease-fire line of Jammu-Kashmir and killed one Indian officer and 6 other soldiers.
    (SFC, 2/28/00, p.C2)

2000        Mar 20, In Kashmir gunmen massacred 35 Sikhs in Chati Sionghpura Mattan.
    (SFC, 3/21/00, p.A12)

2000        Mar, The Jaish-e-Mohammad group formed in Pakistan as a merger of militant Islamic groups dedicated mostly to freeing Muslims from Indian rule in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 11/10/03, p.A1)

2000        Jun 2, In Kashmir an explosive device killed at least 11 people in Gundqasim during Shiite Muslim religious services.
    (SFC, 6/3/00, p.A12)

2000        Jul 4, In India the Cabinet rejected a demand for political autonomy by the Kashmir state legislature.
    (SFC, 7/5/00, p.A12)

2000        Jul 11, Muslim militants killed 3 Buddhist monks at a vehicle check at Rangdum and escaped with Harfurth Rolf, a German tourist. Rolf’s body was found Aug 3 on a glacier in the Kishtwar mountain range.
    (SFC, 8/5/00, p.A11)

2000        Jul 30, In Kashmir a Pakistan-based rebel group opposed to a cease-fire attacked Indian security forces and killed at least 3 soldiers.
    (SFC, 8/1/00, p.A10)

2000        Aug 1, In Kashmir terrorists killed nearly 50 people in 2 attacks. 18 men at a village in the Anantnag area were killed as well as 30 Hindu pilgrims and Muslim porters on their way to the Amarmath cave shrine at Pahalgam.
    (SFC, 8/2/00, p.A13)

2000        Aug 2, In Kashmir the death toll from guerrilla attacks climbed to 101.
    (SFC, 8/3/00, p.A12)

2000        Aug 8, The militant Hizbul Mujahedeen called off its cease-fire.
    (SFC, 8/9/00, p.A11)

2000        Aug 10, In Srinagar 11 people were killed and 19 wounded from a car bomb set off by the Hizbul Mujahedeen.
    (SFC, 8/11/00, p.A14)

2000        Aug 13, In Kashmir 16 people were killed and dozens injured in explosions and gun battles across the province.
    (SFC, 8/14/00, p.A13)

2000        Aug 13, In Kashmir 16 people were killed and dozens injured in explosions and gun battles across the province. 2 land mines killed 6 soldiers and 10 rebels died in battles with government troops.
    (SFC, 8/14/00, p.A13)(SFC, 8/15/00, p.A14)

2000        Aug 21, In Kashmir Muslim guerrillas used booby traps to kill 5 Indian soldiers, while Indian security forces killed 8 people believed to be part of the separatist movement. Indian shelling into the Pakistani controlled side killed a man and an 8-year-old girl. In Jachil Dhara guerrilla set explosives killed an Indian general and a colonel.
    (SFC, 8/22/00, p.A12)

2000        Aug 24, India and Pakistan traded accusations over a clash in Kashmir. India claimed that 10 Pakistani fighters were killed, while Pakistan said 2 were killed.
    (SFC, 8/25/00, p.D8)

2000        Nov 19, India announced a 1-month unilateral cease-fire in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A9)

2000        Nov 22, In Kashmir Islamic militants assaulted 2 Indian military positions and killed several soldiers. 3 militants were also reported killed.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.D6)

2000        Nov 28, In Kashmir Muslim separatists attacked Indian forces and 12 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/29/00, p.A18)

2000        Dec 4, In India the military was attacked twice by suspected Islamic guerrillas and at least 5 people were killed. In Kashmir a bus carrying police officers fell into a gorge at Baithi Chashma in the Donda district and at least 27 officers were killed.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A15)
2000        Dec 4, Pakistan said it won’t insist to being party to Indian peace talks with Kashmiri separatists but that it must be a party to the final settlement.
    (WSJ, 12/5/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 20, India and Pakistan took steps to reduce tensions in Kashmir. India extended its cease-fire and Pakistan announced a partial troop withdrawal.
    (SFC, 12/21/00, p.A20)

2000        Dec 25,  In Kashmir a car bomb went off in Indian controlled Srinagar and 8 people were killed with 23 injured. The Pakistan-based rebel groups Jamaat-ul Mujahedeen and Jaish-e-Mohammad claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 12/26/00, p.C4)(WSJ, 12/26/00, p.A1)

2001        Jan 16, In Kashmir 11 people died when militants attacked the airport at Srinagar. The Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba guerrillas claimed responsibility. The group was later banned in Pakistan but reappeared under the name Jamaat-ud-Dawa.
    (SFC, 1/17/01, p.A11)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.39)

2001        Jan 23, India extended its cease-fire in Kashmir for a 3rd month.
    (WSJ, 1/24/01, p.A1)

2001        Feb 22, India extended a Kashmir cease-fire.
    (WSJ, 2/23/01, p.A1)

2001        Apr 11, In northern India 8 Islamic separatists and 2 government soldiers were killed in gun battles in Jammu and Kashmir.
    (SFC, 4/12/01, p.C2)

2001        May 9, In Kashmir Islamic guerrillas, members of the Pakistan based Lashkar-e-Tayyaba group, set off explosives in a paramilitary camp in Magam and killed themselves and 6 civilians.
    (SFC, 5/10/01, p.C5)

2001        May 10, In Kashmir suspected Islamic guerrillas beheaded 8 Hindu villagers after abducting them near Sajan.
    (SFC, 5/11/01, p.D8)

2001        May 23, India called off a 6-month cease-fire in Kashmir and at the same time invited Pakistan’s military leader to visit and discuss how to bring peace to the region.
    (SFC, 5/24/01, p.C2)

2001        Jul 10, In Kashmir 25 people were killed as India pressed an offensive against Islamic insurgents.
    (SFC, 7/11/01, p.A8)

2001        Jul 14, Gen. Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan arrived in India for talks on Kashmir and other issues with PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
    (SSFC, 7/15/01, p.A12)

2001        Jul 16, In India the leaders of Pakistan and India failed to agree on a peace settlement for Kashmir but did agree to meet later in the year in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 7/17/01, p.A6)

2001        Oct 1, In Srinagar, capital of Jammu and Kashmir, a Pakistani-based suicide squad struck at the Legislative Assembly and 38 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 11/7/01, p.A17)(AP, 10/1/06)

2001        Oct 2, India demanded that Pakistan shut down the Jaish-e-Mohammed (Army of the Prophet Mohammad) militant group responsible for the Oct 1 attack in Srinagar that killed 40 people. India also asked the US to outlaw the group and to freeze its assets.
    (SFC, 10/3/01, p.A11)

2001        Oct 15, India shelled Pakistani posts along their line in Jammu Kashmir for aiding Islamic militants. One woman was killed and 25 civilians wounded.
    (SFC, 10/16/01, p.B1)

2001        Oct 27, In Kashmir Islamic rebels fought Indian troops in several areas and at least 21 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 10/28/01, p.A20)

2001        Nov 2, In  Kashmir Indian forces killed at least 25 suspected Islamic militants who tried to cross over to Pakistan.
    (SFC, 11/3/01, p.C2)

2001        Nov 10, In Kashmir Indian forces battled suspected Islamic militants and 18 people were killed.
    (SFC, 11/12/01, p.A14)

2001        Nov 21, India border forces in Kashmir killed at least 12 suspected Islamic guerrillas trying to cross a cease-fire line with Pakistan.
    (SFC, 11/22/01, p.A21)

2001        Dec 13, In India 5 gunmen and a suicide bomber tried to enter a gate at the parliament building in New Delhi. 6 policemen and the attackers were killed and 18 wounded. The Kashmiri Lashkar-e-Tayyaba separatist group was held responsible. 5 gunmen were killed after they had killed 7 Indians.
    (SFC, 12/13/01, p.A4)(SFC, 12/14/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 12/14/01, p.A1)(SFC, 12/15/01, p.A3)(SSFC, 12/16/01, p.A14)

2002        Jan 1, Pakistan ordered the country’s military intelligence agency to cut off backing for Islamic militant groups fighting in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 1/2/02, p.A3)

2002        Jan 2, In India, Kashmir, militants detonated 2 grenades near the legislature killing 1 police officer and wounding at least 24. 2 soldiers were later killed by militants at an Indian military post in Darhal.
    (SFC, 1/3/02, p.A3)

2002        Jan 8, India and Pakistan traded fire on their Kashmir border.
    (WSJ, 1/9/02, p.A1)

2002        Jan 21, In Kashmir 21 people died in violence.
    (WSJ, 1/22/02, p.A1)

2002        Mar 4, In Kashmir separatist violence left at least 17 people dead. This included 8 Islamic militants killed by Indian soldiers.
    (SFC, 3/5/02, p.A7)

2002        Mar 30, In Kashmir suspected Islamic militants exchanged fire with Indian police in Jammu and 10 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 3/31/02, p.A17)

2002        May 14, In Kashmir 3 Islamic militant attacked an Indian army base and  killed 34 civilians and soldiers in Kaluchak. India held Pakistan responsible.
    (SFC, 5/14/02, p.A13)(SFC, 5/15/02, p.A11)(WSJ, 5/16/02, p.A1)

2002        May 18, India and Pakistan traded fire for a 2nd day across the Line of Control. India gave its Pakistan ambassador 1 week to return home and bombarded 13 sectors in Kashmir.
    (SSFC, 5/19/02, p.A11)

2002        May 19, Weekend fighting in Kashmir between India and Pakistan left at least 15 people killed.
    (SFC, 5/20/02, p.A8)

2002        May 20, Palestine called for int’l. monitors for the Kashmir border. 2 Indian soldiers were killed in fighting.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A9)

2002        May 21, Fighting between Indian and Pakistan soldiers in Kashmir killed 9 civilians and wounded 7 others. Gunmen in Srinagar assassinated Abdul Ghani Lone (70), a moderate Kashmiri separatist leader.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A9)(SFC, 5/22/02, p.A13)(WSJ, 5/22/02, p.A1)

2002        ~May 24, Pres. Vajpayee announced a $1.3 billion aid package for Kashmir and promised fair elections.
    (WSJ, 5/30/02, p.A10)

2002        May 25, Pakistan tested a medium-range Ghauri missile. Mortar fire was traded with India on the Kashmir border and 3 suspected Islamic militants were killed along with 2 Indian soldiers.
    (SSFC, 5/26/02, p.A12)
2002        May 25, Pres. Bush and Putin pressured Pakistan’s Pres. Musharraf to stop incursions into Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (SSFC, 5/26/02, p.A12)

2002        May 29, In Kashmir cross-border shelling killed at least 23 people and wounded 17.
    (WSJ, 5/30/02, p.A1)

2002        Jun 3, India and Pakistan exchanged fire in Kashmir and at least 8 civilians were killed and 23 injured.
    (SFC, 6/4/02, p.A8)

2002        Jun 5, India PM Vajpayee said his country would consider jointly monitoring the disputed Kashmir border with Pakistan. Pakistan rejected India’s proposal for joint patrols in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 6/5/02, p.A1)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A8)

2002        Jun 14, In Kashmir India and Pakistan continued cross border shelling. Pakistan reported Indian shelling killed 6 civilians, including 3 children.
    (SFC, 6/15/02, p.A8)

 2002        Jun 16, In Indian Kashmir suspected Islamic militants hurled grenades and opened fire on police, sleeping villagers and Hindu pilgrims, killing 12 people over the last 24 hours. 21 people, including five Hindu villagers, were killed in several incidents of separatist violence.
    (AP, 6/16/02)(Reuters, 6/16/02)(SFC, 6/17/02, p.A8)

2002        Jun 21, In Kashmir 13 suspected Islamic militants were killed in the Indian-controlled section. Rebels killed Ghulam Rasool, a member of the governing national Conference Party. In the Pakistan-controlled section a sniper opened fire on a truck carrying 22 people and 10 were killed when it plunged into a ravine.
    (SFC, 6/22/02, p.A6)

2002        Jun 27, In India’s Jammu-Kashmir 9 people, including three soldiers, were killed and 22 wounded in separate incidents of violence.
    (Reuters, 6/27/02)(SFC, 6/28/02, p.A14)

2002        Jul 6, In Indian-ruled Kashmir 2 soldiers and two separatist rebels were killed in fighting.
    (Reuters, 7/6/02)

2002        Jul 12, In India's Kashmir region at least 10 people were killed and 15 wounded, some critically, in a shootout. Shops and businesses downed shutters in Srinagar, the summer capital of India's disputed state of Jammu and Kashmir, in response to a strike call by separatists to honor Kashmiri "martyrs".
    (Reuters, 7/13/02)(SFC, 7/13/02, p.A14)

2002        Jul 13, Outside Jammu, Kashmir, a grenade and gun attack on a Hindu slum that left 27 people dead, dozens wounded and rekindled fears of war with nuclear neighbor Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 7/14/02)(SSFC, 7/14/02, p.A12)

2002        Jul 16, In India-controlled Kashmir a grenade wounded at least 13 people in Anantnag.
    (SFC, 7/17/02, p.A7)

2002        Jul 22, In Indian Kashmir 4 suspected separatist rebels were killed in a shootout with troops while a policeman and a civilian were wounded in separate blasts.
    (Reuters, 7/22/02)

2002        Aug 6, In Kashmir suspected Islamic militant lobbed a grenade and opened fire on a group of Hindu pilgrims 175 miles north of Jammu.
    (SFC, 8/6/02, p.A7)

2002        Aug 20, Indian troops killed 14 Muslim rebels trying to sneak into Kashmir from Pakistan.
    (WSJ, 8/21/02, p.A1)

2002        Aug 24, Suspected rebels shot dead eight Muslim villagers, including three women, in Indian Kashmir as a U.S. envoy took his peace mission to Islamabad to try to cool tensions on the subcontinent.
    (Reuters, 8/24/02)

2002        Aug 28, Police in India reported that 14 people, including 10 Muslim militants, were killed in clashes between Indian security forces and separatist rebels in India's Jammu and Kashmir state.
    (Reuters, 8/28/02)

2002        Aug 29, Indian soldiers killed 5 guerrillas after they crossed into the India-controlled portion of Kashmir.
    (SFC, 8/30/02, p.A19)

2002        Sep 6, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead Sheikh Abdul Rehman, a politician contesting state elections, in the first killing of a candidate since the campaign began.
    (Reuters, 9/6/02)

2002        Sep 11, In Indian-controlled Kashmir Islamic militants killed Mushtaq Ahmad Lone (44), a state law minister and legislative candidate. 15 others were killed in 2 other attacks.
    (SFC, 9/12/02, p.A5)

2002        Sep 16, Indian-ruled Kashmir ended the first stage of state assembly elections against a backdrop of violence and in the shadow of a tense confrontation between nuclear powers India and Pakistan. Indian troops killed 9 suspected Islamic rebels in a border sweep hours before the elections. A 44% turnout was reported.
    (Reuters, 9/16/02)(WSJ, 9/16/02, p.A1)(SFC, 9/17/02, p.A10)

2002        Sep 18, In Srinagar, Kashmir, 2 ruling party workers were gunned down and a ruling lawmaker was attacked ahead of the second round of voting in a state election dogged by anti-poll violence that left 13 people dead.
    (Reuters, 9/18/02)(SFC, 9/19/02, p.A10)

2002        Sep 22, In Kashmir 6 police were wounded and one Muslim militant killed following an attack on a police compound in Srinagar.
    (SSFC, 9/22/02, p.A12)

2002        Sep 23, In Kashmir Muslim separatists killed 10 people in grenade attacks on polling stations to frighten voters.
    (SFC, 9/24/02, p.A13)

2002        Sep 25, Indian forces killed five suspected Islamic militants trying to cross into Indian Kashmir from Pakistan as new tensions were stoked between the nuclear rivals over an attack on an Indian temple.
    (AP, 9/25/02)

2002        Oct 1, In Indian Kashmir gunmen killed 9 people on a bus and attacked several polling stations as voters shunned the third round of elections in the troubled state's separatist heartland. 6 paramilitary troopers were killed when their vehicle exploded south of Srinagar.
    (Reuters, 10/1/02)(SFC, 10/2/02, p.A12)

2002        Oct 3, India said it had killed eight Islamic militants trying to enter Indian Kashmir from Pakistani territory as the state battles a surge in rebel violence just days before the end of a disputed election.
    (Reuters, 10/3/02)

2002        Oct 8, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim separatist militants disguised as policemen stormed a polling station, gunning down two soldiers, as turbulent state elections ended. A 44% turnout ousted the pro-Indian national Conference.
    (Reuters, 10/8/02)(SFC, 10/11/02, p.A10)

2002        Oct 9, India claimed victory after completing a turbulent state election in Indian Kashmir which it long saw as an essential rite of passage before it could consider talks with Pakistan.
    (AP, 10/9/02)

2002        Oct 18, India assumed direct control over Kashmir after elections failed to produce a viable government.
    (WSJ, 10/18/02, p.A1)

2002        Oct 19, In Indian Kashmir at least 4 suspected militants were shot dead while others detonated a bomb, killing a policeman and wounding 15 people.
    (Reuters, 10/19/02)

2002        Oct 27, Kashmir's new ruling coalition vowed to release political prisoners and probe custodial deaths as a first step to end a separatist revolt.
    (AP, 10/27/02)

2002        Nov 2, In Kashmir Mufti Muhammad Sayeed, head of the People’s Democratic Party, was sworn in as chief minister after 2 rifle grenades were thrown at his home. 16 people were killed in violence that followed.
    (SSFC, 11/3/02, p.A10)(WSJ, 11/4/02, p.A1)

2002        Nov 11, Islamic militants in Kashmir killed 13 police in a bomb attack.
    (WSJ, 11/12/02, p.A1)

2002        Nov 23, In Indian-ruled Kashmir 12 people, including six soldiers, were killed and 23 injured when their bus ran over a landmine planted by suspected militants.
    (Reuters, 11/23/02)

2002        Nov 24, In Kashmir militants stormed a Hindu temple and engaged security forces in a 10-hour gunfight that killed 14 people.
    (SFC, 11/27/02, p.A17)

2002        Nov 25, Indian security forces shot dead two suspected Muslim militants who had attacked Hindu temples in Indian Kashmir, ending a bloody siege that cast a shadow over efforts to bring peace to the disputed region.
    (AP, 11/25/02)

2002        Nov 26, In Kashmir’s Kralapora village 3 schoolboys were killed when they hit a live grenade that they mistook for a cricket ball.
    (SFC, 11/27/02, p.A17)

2002        Nov 30, At least 11 people were killed and 30 wounded in separatist clashes in the northern Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
    (AP, 11/30/02)

2002        Dec 1, In Kashmir 10 people, including 4 militants, were killed in fresh clashes between Muslim guerrillas and Indian security forces.
    (Reuters, 12/1/02)

2002        Dec 7, In Kashmir 14 people, including eight Muslim rebels, were killed in fresh separatist violence, as a four-day truce announced by a hardline militant group neared its end.
    (Reuters, 12/8/02)

2002        Dec 19, Suspected militants killed three young women (21-22) in their homes just days after posters appeared in India's Jammu and Kashmir state ordering women to wear a veil.
    (Reuters, 12/20/02)

2002        Dec 24, In India's mainly Muslim state of Kashmir 4 civilians and 9 separatist guerrillas were killed in the latest rebel violence.
    (Reuters, 12/24/02)

2002        Sudha Koul, US resident since the 1970s, authored her memoir “The Tiger Ladies: A Memoir of Kashmir."
    (WSJ, 5/29/02, p.D7)

2003          Feb 20, In Indian-controlled Kashmir explosives hidden in snow near a town market of Baramula killed six civilians.
    (AP, 2/20/03)

2003          Mar 4, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir a bus fell into a deep gorge, killing at least nine people and injuring 52.
    (AP, 3/4/03)

2003          Mar 7, Heavy snow set off avalanches along the cease-fire line dividing Kashmir between India and Pakistan, killing at least 17 people, mostly soldiers, and stranding hundreds.
    (AP, 3/7/03)

2003        Mar 23, In Kashmir gunmen shot to death Abdul Majid Dar, the former leader of Kashmir's largest Islamic rebel group, in what may have been retribution for talks with the Indian government.
    (AP, 3/23/03)

2003        Mar 24, Suspected Islamic militants in Indian army uniforms dragged 24 Hindus from their homes, lined them up outside a temple and shot them to death in a remote village in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (AP, 3/24/03)

2003        Mar 28, In Jammu-Kashmir suspected Islamic militants attacked and mutilated 5 Kashmiri Muslim villagers, accusing them of being police informants.
    (AP, 3/28/03)

2003        Apr 2, In Indian-controlled Kashmir the chief of the largest militant group was killed in a shootout with police in the strife-torn Himalayan province.
    (AP, 4/2/03)

2003        Apr 6, Indian troops killed Fayaz Ahmad Khan, a top commander of Harkat-ul Mujahedeen, a Kashmiri guerrilla group that is suspected in the 1995 abduction of six Western tourists and a 1999 airliner hijacking.
    (AP, 4/6/03)

2003        Apr 19, India's prime minister acknowledged the government had manipulated elections in Indian-controlled Kashmir and promised residents it would not be repeated.
    (AP, 4/19/03)

2003        Apr 22, In Kashmir a bomb exploded beside a rural road, killing five people and injuring 12 others, as former Indian Home Secretary N.N. Vohra made a weeklong visit to the state to explore the possibility of talks with separatist groups.
    (AP, 4/22/03)

2003        Apr 25, In the northern state of Kashmir a powerful explosion ripped through a courthouse, killing three people and injuring 34.
    (AP, 4/25/03)

2003        Apr 26, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a car bombing and ensuing gunbattle at the offices of state-run radio and television killed 3 suspected Islamic militants and 2 soldiers. A boat carrying 30 schoolchildren capsized in a mountain waterway in Kashmir, drowning at least three, police said. 21 other children were missing.
    (AP, 4/26/03)

2003        Apr 29, Indian troops raided a base of suspected Islamic militants in Kashmir, sparking a firefight that lasted more than five hours and resulted in 17 deaths.
    (AP, 4/29/03)

2003        Jun 28, Two suspected Islamic militants stormed an army camp in Kashmir, killing 12 soldiers before being slain themselves.
    (AP, 6/28/03)

2003        Jul 4, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected Islamic guerrillas tossed a grenade and opened fire at a meeting between a minister and health officials, killing 2 people and wounding 28.
    (AP, 7/5/03)

2003        Jul 13, In Kashmir a bus skidded off a mountain road after hitting another vehicle and fell into a river, killing at least 16 people and injuring 19.
    (AP, 7/13/03)

2003        Jul 22, In Indian-held Kashmir 3 suspected Islamic guerrillas attacked an army camp, killing at least 8 soldiers and wounding more than a dozen others before being slain.
    (AP, 7/22/03)

2003        Sep 6, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a bomb targeting an army convoy exploded in the main wholesale market for fruit, killing six people, including an army officer, and wounding 25.
    (AP, 9/6/03)

2003        Sep 13, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected Islamic rebels killed a former lawmaker as gunbattles and other violence escalated across Indian-controlled Kashmir, leaving 20 people dead and 37 wounded.
    (AP, 9/13/03)

2003        Sep 20, The Indian army said it killed six suspected separatist guerrillas from a Pakistan-based group after a fierce battle in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (AP, 9/20/03)

2003        Sep 21, In India's portion of Kashmir a bomb hidden inside a videocassette recorder exploded in a busy market, killing 3 people and wounding 28 others.
    (AP, 9/21/03)

2003        Sep 24, India rejected Pakistan's invitation to negotiate a settlement concerning the disputed province of Kashmir.
    (AP, 9/25/03)

2003        Sep 29, India's army said that it killed 15 Islamic militants as they tried overnight to sneak into Indian-controlled Kashmir from Pakistan-controlled territory.
    (AP, 9/29/03)

2003        Oct 18, India commandos raided a Srinagar, Kashmir, shopping center where suspected Islamic guerrillas were holed up, killing both men and ending a one-day standoff.
    (AP, 10/18/03)

2003        Nov 27, Indian security forces battled rebels in villages along the border in Kashmir and suspected insurgents detonated a grenade in a busy market. The violence left 12 people dead.
    (AP, 11/27/03)

2003        Dec 7, In Indian-held Kashmir an overcrowded bus skidded off a steep mountain road and plunged 1,500 feet into a gorge, killing 23 passengers and injuring 13 others.
    (AP, 12/7/03)

2003        Dec 30, At least 34 Indian soldiers were wounded in Kashmir when militants detonated a bomb in a shop as the bus carrying the troops passed by.
    (Reuters, 12/30/03)

2003        Sumantra Bose authored "Kashmir: Roots of Conflict, Paths to Peace."
    (SSFC, 9/28/03, p.M1)

2004        Jan 9, In Kashmir a hand grenade exploded at a mosque, wounding at least 15 worshippers who had gathered for prayers.
    (AP, 1/9/04)

2004        Jan 17, Indian soldiers and Islamic rebels clashed in disputed Kashmir in two separate gunbattles that killed eight guerrillas and two paramilitary soldiers.
    (AP, 1/17/04)

2004        Feb 5, Indian soldiers shot and killed 10 suspected Muslim militants in the forests of northern Kashmir.
    (AP, 2/5/04)

2004        Feb 16, India and Pakistan began historic meetings aimed at preparing for a sustained peace dialogue on Kashmir and other disputes.
    (AP, 2/16/04)

2004        Feb 17, India and Pakistan reached a broad agreement on the timetable for sustained peace talks on disputed Kashmir and other tough issues separating the South Asian neighbors.
    (AP, 2/17/04)

2004        Apr 8, In Indian-held Kashmir a grenade explosion and gunfire at an election rally killed 9 people and wounded at least 60, including the state's tourism and finance ministers.
    (AP, 4/8/04)(WSJ, 4/9/04, p.A1)

2004        May 23, In India's portion of Kashmir suspected Islamic militants blew up a military bus, killing at least 33 soldiers and relatives, and wounding 15.
    (AP, 5/23/04)(SFC, 5/24/04, p.A7)

2004        Jun 12, In Iraq gunmen killed Bassam Salih Kubba, a deputy foreign minister as he went to work in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/12/04)

2004        Jun 26, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected Islamic rebels raided a village and shot to death 12 Muslims while they slept.
    (AP, 6/26/04)

2004        Jul 3, In the Indian portion of Kashmir a mountain gunbattle, a time bomb hidden in a fruit seller's hand cart and a grenade lobbed in a busy market killed 8 people and wounded 44.
    (AP, 7/3/04)

2004        Jul 5, A suspicious fire gutted Kashmir's oldest educational institution, destroying 30,000 rare books on Islam, including some of the world's oldest copies of the Quran.
    (AP, 7/5/04)

2004        Jul 11, Suspected Muslim guerrillas sliced off the nose, ears and tongue of Mariam Begum, a 14-year-old girl in Indian Kashmir, believing her to be an informer for the Indian army. Elsewhere in Kashmir, 16 Muslim rebels and four soldiers were killed in separate gun battles over the weekend.
    (Reuters, 7/11/04)

2004        Jul 17, At least 15 people were killed and many more injured when a crowded bus skidded off a road and fell into a gorge in Kashmir.
    (AP, 7/17/04)

2004        Jul 19, Kashmir militants attacked a Congress party rally in Duru and killed 5 people.
    (WSJ, 7/20/04, p.A1)

2004        Jul 25, In Kashmir a group of 9 militants barged into the home of Mohammed Shafi in a remote village in Rajouri district and beheaded him. They also killed his 22-year-old son and 15-year-old daughter.
    (AP, 7/26/04)

2004        Aug 4, In Kashmir Muslim militants killed nine Indian troopers in an attack on a paramilitary camp, just hours before India and Pakistan, which both claim the region, began a round of peace talks.
    (AP, 8/5/04)

2004        Sep 4, India's PM Singh said his government was ready to talk to any militant group, including those in Kashmir, abandoning previous preconditions that the rebels must first disarm.
    (AP, 9/4/04)

2004        Sep 6, India and Pakistan ended 2-day talks to settle their dispute over Kashmir. Yasin Malik, the chairman of pro-independence Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), said the dispute could not be settled unless residents of the region are included in talks.
    (AFP, 9/6/04)

2004        Sep 18, Indian troops shot dead 14 Islamic militants in clashes across Indian-administered Kashmir, while suspected rebels killed four civilians.
    (AP, 9/18/04)

2004        Sep 22, Four Islamic militants were killed in a clash with Indian troops along the disputed border in Kashmir on the eve of a summit between the two countries' leaders.
    (AP, 9/23/04)

2004        Sep 30, Two gunmen in Srinagar shot dead a member of the moderate faction of Kashmir's main separatist alliance.
    (AP, 9/30/04)

2004        Oct 4, Six separatist rebels were killed in a clash between separatist rebels and security forces in a thickly forested area in Jammu and Kashmir.
    (AP, 10/4/04)

2004        Oct 7, In Kashmir 4 Islamic militants were killed by Indian forces while rebels killed a paramilitary soldier and critically wounded a pro-India political activist.
    (AP, 10/7/04)

2004        Oct 24, Militants bombed mourners arriving at a Kashmir graveyard for the funeral of a murdered opposition party leader, killing one and wounding six.
    (AP, 10/24/04)

2004        Nov 3, Indian troops killed five Islamic militants in a fierce gunbattle in insurgency-hit Kashmir after the rebels barricaded themselves inside a mosque.
    (AP, 11/3/04)

2004        Nov 7, Kashmiri separatists gave a cautious welcome on to India's offer to allow them to visit Pakistan. Thousands of people in Indian Kashmir staged a protest, alleging that soldiers had raped a 10-year-old girl and her mother.
    (Reuters, 11/7/04)

2004        Nov 11, Indian PM Manmohan Singh announced a reduction in troops in disputed Kashmir in a fresh initiative to push forward a fraying peace process with Pakistan.
    (AP, 11/11/04)

2004        Nov 16, India said its army will start reducing the number of troops in revolt-hit Kashmir  to coincide with a visit to the state by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Military experts estimate that India has about 250,000 troops in Kashmir.
    (AP, 11/16/04)

2004        Nov 17, India's PM Manmohan Singh paid a rare visit to the divided Himalayan region of Kashmir, marking the start of a partial troop withdrawal that has been hailed by rival Pakistan as an important step in easing tensions. Pakistan's powerful Islamic parties dismissed the partial pullout of Indian troops from Indian-administered Kashmir as tokenistic "eyewash", saying a plebiscite was the only solution to the half-century dispute. India began pulling an estimated 40k of some 500k soldiers from Kashmir.
    (AP, 11/17/04)(AFP, 11/17/04)(WSJ, 11/18/04, p.A1)

2004        Nov 20, India pulled out around 3,000 troops from Kashmir.
    (AP, 11/20/04)

2004        Nov 23, In Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead five people in overnight attacks.
    (AP, 11/23/04)
2004        Nov 23, Pakistani Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz arrived in India to help push forward a fragile peace process.
    (AP, 11/23/04)

2004        Dec 5, In Kashmir a remote-controlled roadside bomb blew up an army patrol car in a pre-dawn attack, killing an Indian army major and 10 other soldiers.
    (AP, 12/5/04)

2004        Dec 24, Suspected militants hurled a grenade in a village market in Indian Kashmir, killing one person and wounding eight others.
    (Reuters, 12/24/04)

2005        Jan 7, In Indian-controlled Kashmir police said militants stormed a government building, setting it on fire with 70 employees still trapped inside. Three people were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 1/7/05)

2005        Jan 8, Indian security forces killed the last rebel holed up inside a government office in Kashmir, ending a two-day battle during which guerrillas took over the building and set it on fire with dozens of employees inside.
    (AP, 1/8/05)

2005        Jan 15, In Kashmir separatist guerrillas stormed a government building in Srinagar, triggering a gunbattle with security forces days ahead of Republic Day celebrations.
    (AP, 1/15/05)

2005        Jan 16, A 25-hour stand-off between Islamic guerrillas and Indian forces in Srinagar, Kashmir, ended after two militants holed up inside an indoor stadium were killed by troops.
    (AP, 1/16/05)

2005        Jan 27, India has decided to open the main airport in disputed Kashmir to international flights to draw more tourists to the scenic Himalayan region.
    (Reuters, 1/27/05)

2005        Jan 29, In insurgency-hit Indian Kashmir voters turned out in big numbers to cast ballots in the first leg of municipal polls to be held in over a quarter of a century.
    (AFP, 1/29/05)

2005        Feb 6, in Kashmir an overcrowded bus skidded off a mountain road and crashed into a ravine, killing at least 28 passengers and injuring 33.
    (AP, 2/6/05)

2005        Feb 9, In Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead a popular municipal councilor outside a mosque. Separately Indian troops killed 4 militants in a gunbattle inside a mountain cave.
    (AP, 2/9/05)

2005        Feb 11, Kashmir police said 10 people died, including a pro-India party worker slain by Muslim rebels, a day ahead of the next round of violence-hit municipal polls.
    (AP, 2/11/05)

2005        Feb 13, In Indian Kashmir at least 35 people were wounded when suspected separatist guerrillas threw a grenade on a crowded road.
    (AP, 2/13/05)

2005        Feb 16, India and Pakistan agreed to start a bus service across a ceasefire line dividing the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir beginning on Apr 7.
    (Reuters, 2/16/05)(Econ, 2/19/05, p.39)

2005        Feb 21, An official said avalanches and slides triggered by heavy weekend snowfall in India's portion of Kashmir had killed at least 249 people.
    (AP, 2/21/05)(AFP, 2/26/05)

2005        Feb 24, In Indian-controlled Kashmir 2 armed militants stormed a government office complex, prompting a four-hour gunbattle that left seven people dead, including the attackers.
    (AP, 2/24/05)

2005        Mar 24, Suspected Muslim insurgents shot dead the brother of Kashmir's junior home minister while he was walking to a market.
    (Reuters, 3/24/05)

2005        Mar 27, Kashmir police said suspected militants shot dead a grandmother, mother and her infant daughter after the child's father, a former Kashmiri separatist rebel, surrendered to Indian security forces.
    (AP, 3/27/05)

2005        Apr 5, Rebels opposed to a bus link joining parts of Kashmir controlled by rivals India and Pakistan set off bombs and fought gun battles with troops, two days before the service was due to start.
    (AP, 4/5/05)

2005        Apr 6, In Srinagar 2 suspected Islamic militants stormed a building housing passengers on the eve of a historic bus ride across the divided Himalayan territory of Kashmir, in an attack targeting the biggest India-Pakistan peace gesture in decades. Both attackers were killed and at least six people wounded, but all the bus passengers were safe.
    (AP, 4/6/05)

2005        Apr 7, Passengers on historic bus trips between the Pakistani and Indian portions of Kashmir crossed a bridge spanning the de facto border, voyages both sides hope will lead to lasting peace on the subcontinent. Kashmiris walked across the “Peace Bridge," on the Line of Control between India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 4/7/05)(SFC, 4/8/05, p.A3)

2005        Apr 8, The Gulmarg Gondola was inaugurated. The Jammu and Kashmir Cable Car Corporation (JKCCC) made the second phase of the Gulmarg Gondola operational taking it to the heights of the Afarwat peak.
    (SSFC, 2/26/06, p.E1)(www.natives.co.uk/news/2005/04/13indi.htm)

2005        Apr 10, In Indian Kashmir 2 civilians were killed and 20 others wounded when suspected Muslim rebels hurled a grenade in a crowded area.
    (Reuters, 4/10/05)

2005        Apr 25, Indian troops killed 6 Islamic militants in a mountainous Kashmir district bordering the Pakistani-zone of the divided state, while suspected rebels hanged to death a civilian.
    (AFP, 4/26/05)

2005        Apr 27, Indian troops killed nine suspected Islamic militants in three separate clashes in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (AP, 4/27/05)

2005        Apr 28, Indian troops shot dead four Muslim rebels who infiltrated into Indian Kashmir from the Pakistani-zone of the divided state.
    (AP, 4/29/05)

2005        May 3, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected rebels killed six people in attacks, while at least six militants died in an overnight gunbattle with soldiers.
    (AP, 5/3/05)

2005        May 11, In the Indian portion of Kashmir a series of rebel bomb attacks and gunfights with security forces left at least 13 people dead and dozens injured.
    (AP, 5/11/05)

2005        May 12, In Srinagar, Kashmir, a grenade thrown by suspected Islamic rebels exploded outside a school, killing two women and wounding at least 57 people, many of them schoolchildren and their parents.
    (AP, 5/12/05)

2005        May 14, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead the brother of an ex-militant who became a moderate separatist leader.
    (AFP, 5/14/05)

2005        May 17, In Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels threw a grenade at a group of mourners in Srinagar, killing two and wounding at least 20. Earlier in the day suspected rebels killed four villagers by slitting their throats on the outskirts of Srinagar.
    (AP, 5/17/05)

2005        May 26, India and Pakistan exchanged ideas on ending a two-decade-old military standoff on Kashmir's Siachen glacier, as senior defense officials began a two-day meeting.
    (AP, 5/26/05)

2005        Jun 5, Five suspected Islamic militants were killed in an ongoing gunbattle with troops in Indian Kashmir's Rajouri district.
    (AP, 6/5/05)

2005        Jun 13, In Kashmir a bomb hidden in a pickup truck exploded in the bustling town of Pulwama, killing 15 people, including the suspected attacker, and injuring at least 60 others.
    (AP, 6/13/05)

2005        Jun 14, A strike called by Kashmir separatists paralyzed India's portion of the disputed Himalayan province, shutting almost all shops, schools and offices to protest an apparent suicide attack that killed 15 people and injured 60 a day earlier.
    (AP, 6/14/05)

2005        Jun 24, India refused permission for Pakistan's information minister, who once sheltered anti-Indian Kashmiri separatists, to visit its part of Kashmir on a new "peace bus".
    (AP, 6/24/05)

2005        Jun 24, In India's portion of Kashmir Islamic militants triggered a car bomb by remote control as an army convoy drove past a popular park, killing 9 soldiers and wounding 22 other people.
    (AP, 6/25/05)

2005        Jul 5, In Kashmir suspected Islamic militants shot dead five people, two of them Indian soldiers guarding the de facto border with Pakistan. The soldiers were killed during a clash with militants near the Line of Control (LoC) that divides Kashmir.
    (AP, 7/6/05)

2005        Jul 6, In Kashmir Indian troops shot dead, Hizbul Mujahedin, a self-styled divisional commander of the region's main rebel group in the northern district of Baramulla.
    (AP, 7/6/05)

2005        Jul 14, Indian troops recovered the bodies of 5 Islamic militants as they hunted rebels high in the rugged Himalayas in northern Indian Kashmir. 7 people died in other violence. A spokesman identified one of the slain rebels as Abu Lukman, a senior member of the region's main rebel group Hizbul Mujahedin.
    (AFP, 7/14/05)

2005        Jul 16, Security forces in India's portion of Kashmir killed at least 17 suspected Islamic militants, including 13 rebels who had entered the region from Pakistan.
    (AP, 7/17/05)

2005        Jul 20, In Kashmir a car bomb blew up an army jeep, killing 5 soldiers and at least one civilian and injuring 20 others near a school in an elite neighborhood of Srinagar.
    (AP, 7/20/05)

2005        Jul 21, In Indian Kashmir 2 bus passengers were killed and three were wounded when they were caught in an exchange of fire between militants and soldiers.
    (AP, 7/21/05)

2005        Jul 22, In Kashmir separatist militants fighting Indian rule in the country's only Muslim-majority state said they would not allow minority Hindus who fled the region after the revolt broke out 16 years ago to return.
    (AP, 7/22/05)

2005        Jul 24, Indian troops in Kashmir killed 3 innocent teenagers after troops mistook them for militants. Demonstrations followed among angry Kashmiri Muslims in Jammu and Kashmir, largely Hindu India's only Muslim-majority state.
    (Reuters, 7/25/05)

2005        Jul 25, Indian army said it had shot dead five militants in Kupwara district of Kashmir when they were trying to sneak into India from the Pakistani side.
    (Reuters, 7/25/05)

2005        Jul 28, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir suspected Islamic militants raided the village of Dhoob, separated the villagers by religion and killed 5 Hindus by slitting their throats.
    (AP, 7/29/05)

2005        Jul 29, In Kashmir 15 people, including six journalists, were wounded during a fierce gunbattle between troops and Muslim rebels in Srinagar. Rebels killed 2 soldiers in a grenade and gun attack on a police patrol.
    (AP, 7/29/05)(AP, 7/30/05)

2005        Jul 30, In Kashmir militants holed up in buildings on a busy street in Srinagar fired at security forces during a raid.
    (AP, 7/30/05)

2005        Aug 5, Police in Kashmir detained at least 10 protesters as hundreds demonstrated against the death sentence handed out to a Kashmiri Muslim for a raid on the country's parliament four years ago.
    (AP, 8/5/05)

2005        Aug 12, Suspected Islamic militants raided a remote mountain village in India's Jammu-Kashmir state and attacked 2 Hindu families as they dined together, killing 5 people.
    (AP, 8/13/05)

2005        Aug 13, In Indian Kashmir 9 people died in fresh fighting. Troops intensified search operations ahead of India's Aug 15 Independence Day, which separatists observe as a "black day".
    (AFP, 8/14/05)

2005        Aug 20, Indian troops shot dead a Hindu fighting for the biggest Islamic separatist rebel group in Indian Kashmir.
    (AFP, 8/20/05)

2005        Aug 26, In Indian Kashmir at least 15 people, including three soldiers, were wounded when suspected Islamist rebels threw five grenades at different places in Sopore. 4 people, including 2 militants, were killed in separate shootouts across the region in the past 24 hours.
    (AP, 8/26/05)

2005        Aug 28, Aasiya Andrabi, Indian Kashmir's leading female separatist, formed a squad to raid brothels and appealed to people for help in reporting cases of adultery.
    (AP, 8/28/05)

2005        Sep 5, Kashmir's main political separatist alliance started peace talks with the Indian prime minister, seeking trust and an easing of harsh military controls in the troubled region.
    (Reuters, 9/5/05)

2005        Sep 28, In Indian Kashmir 6 Islamic militants were killed in two shootouts including one near the border with Pakistan, while suspected rebels killed a civilian. 4 militants were killed in a gunbattle that erupted when police raided a militant hideout in the northern district of Kupwara near the ceasefire Line of Control with Pakistan. Two other rebels died in a fierce gunfight that broke out when soldiers launched a search for militants in a village in the central district of Budgam.
    (AP, 9/29/05)

2005        Sep 29, A bus accident in India's portion of Kashmir has left 44 people dead and 42 others injured.
    (AP, 9/30/05)

2005        Oct 8, A 7.6-magnitude earthquake hit Kashmir near the Pakistan-India border reaching to Afghanistan. It reduced villages to rubble, triggered landslides and flattened an apartment building, killing thousands of people in India and Pakistan. Pakistani officials said the death toll ranged between nearly 20,000 and 30,000. The newly reopened "Peace Bridge" linking the Indian and Pakistani portions of disputed Kashmir nearly collapsed during the earthquake. The death toll from the quake reached 87,350. The UN estimated that 3 million people were left homeless by the earthquake.
    (AP, 10/9/05)(SSFC, 10/9/05, p.A1)(AP, 11/8/05)(Econ, 5/6/06, p.44)

2005        Oct 13, A female suicide bomber blew herself up minutes before an army convoy was to pass on a key highway in Indian Kashmir, the first such attack by a woman in the region's Islamic separatist conflict.
    (AP, 10/13/05)

2005        Oct 18, Suspected Islamic militants killed the education minister of Indian-controlled Kashmir during a brazen raid days after top insurgents ordered a suspension of attacks in the aftermath of South Asia's devastating earthquake.
    (AP, 10/18/05)
2005        Oct 18, Gen’l. Musharraf announced that Pakistan was ready to allow Kashmiris to cross the “line of control," dividing Indian and Pakistani controlled areas, to help their families.
    (Econ, 10/22/05, p.45)

2005        Oct 19, Two strong aftershocks from the Oct 8 deadly earthquake shook South Asia, unleashing landslides and setting off another wave of panic among survivors of the disaster. A new tally from officials in India and Pakistan pushed the death toll to 79,000.
    (AP, 10/19/05)

2005        Oct 30, Pakistan and India made an unprecedented agreement to open their heavily militarized border in disputed Kashmir to aid the flow of relief goods and reunite divided families in the aftermath of South Asia's colossal earthquake.
    (AP, 10/30/05)

2005        Nov 2, In Kashmir 6 people including a suicide bomber were killed and more than a dozen wounded in a car bomb blast in the Nowgam area on the outskirts of Srinagar. "The car bomb is our first gift to Ghulam Nabi Azad," who was to be sworn is as the Kashmir's new chief minister, said Abu Qudama, spokesman for Jaish-e-Mohammed.
    (AP, 11/2/05)(Econ, 11/5/05, p.44)

2005        Nov 7, India and Pakistan opened their frontier in Kashmir for earthquake relief, but police had to fire tear gas to disperse protesters who were banned from taking part in the symbolic crossing.
    (AP, 11/7/05)

2005        Nov 14, In Kashmir a gunbattle erupted in the main business district of Srinagar after Muslim militants attacked a police compound, killing two civilians and two soldiers and injuring six civilians.
    (AP, 11/14/05)

2005        Nov 16, In Kashmir a car bomb exploded in the main business district of Srinagar, the summer capital of India's Jammu-Kashmir state, killing at least two people and injuring 40.
    (AP, 11/16/05)

2005        Nov 19, India and Pakistan opened their disputed border in Kashmir for the first time in 58 years, a temporary measure to allow divided families to check on each other after the region's devastating earthquake.
    (AP, 11/19/05)

2005        Dec 12, In Kashmir Indian troops shot dead three Islamic militants, while suspected rebels shot dead a shopkeeper in revolt-hit Kashmir.
    (AFP, 12/12/05)

2005        Dec 30, Two Indian soldiers were killed when they stepped on a land mine near the heavily fortified frontier that divides Kashmir between longtime rivals India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 12/30/05)

2005        The conflict in Kashmir took over 1,700 lives in this year. More than 90% were members of the state’s Muslim majority.
    (Econ, 5/6/06, p.43)

2006        Jan 20, A crowded bus veered off a steep mountain road in Indian-controlled Kashmir, killing at least 53 people.
    (AP, 1/20/06)

2006        Jan 28, At least 8 people were killed in a gunfight between Indian security forces and Kashmir rebels.
    (AP, 1/28/06)

2006        Feb 11, In Indian Kashmir 8 people, including three security personnel, were killed in separate overnight clashes and rebel attacks. An Islamic separatist women's group, known for its fierce opposition to Western-style romance, vowed to prevent couples celebrating Valentine's Day.
    (AFP, 2/11/06)

2006        Feb 25, In Indian Kashmir Thousands of Shiite Muslims held noisy demonstrations for a third straight day to protest the bombing of a revered shrine in Iraq.
    (AP, 2/25/06)

2006        Apr 7, A bus skidded off a narrow mountain road and plunged into a river in a remote region of Indian Kashmir and dozens were feared dead.
    (AP, 4/7/06)

2006        Apr 14, In Kashmir a series of grenade attacks by suspected separatist rebels shook Srinagar, killing five people and wounding at least 18.
    (AP, 4/14/06)

2006        Apr 17, In Indian Kashmir 2 guards were killed and a politician injured in a gun attack by suspected Islamic militants. The army announced it had arrested 10 rebels and killed two others.
    (AFP, 4/17/06)

2006        Apr 30, Suspected Islamic militants raided a village in Indian-controlled Kashmir and killed 22 Hindus, lining them outside their homes and shooting them execution-style. Police found the bodies of 4 of 13 Hindu cattle grazers who were abducted over the weekend by suspected Islamic militants. 9 more bodies were found the next day.
    (AFP, 5/1/06)(AP, 5/1/06)

2006        May 3, In New Delhi Muslim separatists met India's prime minister for fresh peace talks on the future of Kashmir. Hours before the talks were due to begin, four rebels and three security men died in gunbattles in Kashmir.
    (AP, 5/3/06)
2006        May 3, India and Pakistan agreed to launch a truck service and a second passenger bus route this summer linking the parts of Kashmir held by each country.
    (AP, 5/3/06)

2006        May 5, In Srinagar a strike and protests to force the government to reveal names of people caught up in a prostitution scandal paralyzed the summer capital of Indian Kashmir and injured 20 people. Civil servants and policemen had been linked to a prostitution ring in which teenage girls had been drugged and abducted to a brothel.
    (AP, 5/5/06)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.46)

2006        May 13, In the Indian-controlled portion of disputed Kashmir suspected Islamic militants hurled a grenade at a Hindu political rally, killing two people and wounding at least 35.
    (AP, 5/13/06)

2006        May 18, In Indian Kashmir one person was killed and 22 wounded in two grenade attacks by suspected Islamic militants at busy markets.
    (AFP, 5/18/06)

2006        May 21, Islamic militants dressed as policemen hurled grenades and shot into a rally by the ruling Congress party in India's portion of Kashmir, killing at least 7 people and wounding 22 others. Two attackers were killed.
    (AFP, 5/21/06)

2006        May 25, In Kashmir PM Manmohan Singh said his country was "committed" to living in harmony with neighboring rival Pakistan and to resolving the issue of Kashmir with a lasting peace treaty. As he left militants killed four people, a man, two women and a child, in an explosion that blew up a bus carrying Indian tourists.
    (AP, 5/25/06)

2006        Jun 1, In Indian Kashmir a 3-day siege left 8 Muslim rebels and a paramilitary soldier dead as troops hunted down armed rebels in ongoing operations.
    (AP, 6/1/06)

2006        Jun 10, In Kashmir one person died and eight were injured when Indian troops opened fire on villagers protesting against the alleged desecration of a mosque by soldiers.
    (AP, 6/10/06)

2006        Jun 12, In Indian Kashmir at least nine people were killed in a series of attacks, including one close to a camp housing Hindu pilgrims, while a boy died in police firing. Suspected Islamic militants shot dead seven Indian laborers.
    (Reuters, 6/12/06)(AP, 6/12/06)

2006        Jun 14-2006 Jun 15, In Indian Kashmir suspected Islamic insurgents shot dead five Muslims, and exploded a bomb that injured four people.
    (AP, 6/15/06)

2006        Jun 16, In Indian Kashmir 2 civilians were killed and three policemen wounded when militants hurled grenades and raked a police motorcade with AK assault rifle fire in Srinagar’s northern Baramulla district.
    (AFP, 6/17/06)

2006        Jun 17, In Indian Kashmir suspected militants shot dead the owner of a public telephone office and separately a former rebel who was working with counter-insurgency police.
    (AFP, 6/17/06)

2006        Jun 18, In the Himalayan region of Indian Kashmir at least 23 people were killed and an equal number hurt when a truck filled with workers plunged into a gorge.
    (AFP, 6/18/06)

2006        Jun 20, A second bus service rolled between the Indian and Pakistani zones of disputed Kashmir, a move hailed as a boost for the peace process between the nuclear-armed rivals.
    (AP, 6/20/06)

2006        Jun 21, In Indian Kashmir 5 Hindu pilgrims were injured in a grenade attack on their bus by suspected Islamic militants. A senior rebel and a political activist were killed in separate incidents.
    (AFP, 6/21/06)

2006        Jun 30, At least eight suspected Islamic militants trying to cross into India's portion of disputed Kashmir from the Pakistani side were killed during a gunbattle. Federal security forces shot dead music composer Inayatullah Bhat (31) near his home in Srinagar. The next day at least two dozen people were hurt as thousands of protesters hurled bricks and stones in a violent demonstration over his killing.
    (AP, 6/30/06)(AFP, 7/1/06)

2006        Jul 3, In India's Jammu-Kashmir state clashes between Indian government forces and suspected Islamic separatist militants killed 13 people.
    (AP, 7/3/06)

2006        Jul 8, In Indian Kashmir a politician and four civilians died and at least 45 others were injured when suspected Islamic rebels hurled a grenade outside a Muslim shrine.
    (AFP, 7/8/06)

2006        Jul 11, In Kashmir a series of grenade attacks killed eight people and wounded more than two dozen in the Srinagar.
    (AP, 7/11/06)

2006        Jul 22, Police said Mudassir, a top Kashmiri militant commander blamed for dozens of attacks and tourist killings, has been arrested in the Indian portion of Kashmir. He was believed to be the chief planner of Lashkar-e-Tayyaba, a Pakistan-based Islamic militant group linked to "25 incidents of grenade attacks and other violent incidents.
    (AP, 7/22/06)

2006        Jul 26, In Indian Kashmir 5 people were killed and 12 wounded, including nine in a tourist area, in 4 different gun battles.
    (AFP, 7/26/06)

2006        Jul 29, A strike protesting against a visit by India's president to Indian Kashmir shut much of the region for a second day, while four soldiers were reportedly hurt in a rebel attack.
    (AFP, 7/29/06)

2006        Jul 30, In Indian Kashmir 6 people were killed in shootings and 10 wounded in a grenade attack on a bus carrying Hindu pilgrims.
    (AFP, 7/31/06)

2006        Jul 31, In Indian Kashmir four rebels and a policeman were killed in three separate gunbattles in southern Poonch and Pulwama districts.
    (AP, 8/1/06)

2006        Aug 1, In Indian Kashmir 4 security personnel were killed in a shooting at a popular tourist spot.
    (AP, 8/1/06)

2006        Aug 12, In Indian Kashmir 7 people, including two civilians mistaken by the army for Islamic guerrillas, died as a strike paralyzed life in the region's main city.
    (AFP, 8/12/06)

2006        Aug 16, In Kashmir 5 Islamic rebels were shot dead by Indian troops after they sneaked across the de facto border from the Pakistani zone. The army suffered one casualty.
    (AP, 8/16/06)

2006        Aug 23, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a crowded bus swerved off a steep mountain road and plunged into a gorge, killing at least 16 people and injuring 35 others.
    (AP, 8/23/06)

2006        Sep 9, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim militants shot dead two policemen in an attack on a police check post. They also looted arms and ammunition.
    (AFP, 9/9/06)

2006        Sep 16, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf and Indian PM Manmohan Singh held "historic" talks on the disputed Kashmir region, on the sidelines of a developing-world summit in Havana. They also agreed to restart peace talks suspended since train bombings killed more than 200 people in Mumbai in July.
    (AFP, 9/16/06)(AP, 9/16/06)

2006        Sep 23, In Indian Kashmir suspected militants shot dead a man and a woman near Srinagar. A border guard hurt in a bomb explosion died the next day.
    (AFP, 9/24/06)

2006        Sep 24, In Indian Kashmir 4 suspected Islamic militants were shot dead by troops in northern Uri district in a gunbattle with troops. 2 more were killed in nearby Bandipora.
    (AP, 9/24/06)

2006        Oct 7, India's army killed five militants as they tried to sneak into the Indian portion of Kashmir from Pakistan. Two soldiers were also killed in the gunbattle. The head of a man from Gund Brath village, abducted the previous day, was found on a road in nearby Sopore town. The body was recovered in a different part of the town. A note tied to the man's head that said he was beheaded because he allegedly worked as an informer for Indian security forces.
    (AP, 10/8/06)

2006        Oct 28, In the Indian-controlled section of Kashmir 3 Indian border guards and 18 civilians were injured when suspected Islamic rebels hurled a grenade in a busy market.
    (AFP, 10/28/06)

2006        Nov 2, India's army chief has ordered an investigation into a string of recent incidents of soldiers fatally shooting their colleagues in India's insurgency-wracked portion of Kashmir. There have been at least four cases over the past 10 days of distraught soldiers in Kashmir shooting colleagues to death, then committing suicide.
    (AP, 11/2/06)

2006        Nov 5, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir 4 members of a family and two suspected Islamic militants were killed in separate incidents.
    (AP, 11/6/06)

2006        Nov 9, In Pakistan's part of Kashmir 5 high-school students who mistook a bomblet for a toy were fatally wounded when the explosive went off as they played with it in a field.
    (AP, 11/10/06)

2006        Nov 10, Suspected militants hurled a grenade into a crowd outside a mosque in a village in Indian Kashmir, killing at least five people and wounding nearly 30.
    (AP, 11/10/06)

2006        Nov 14, Nuclear-armed India and Pakistan resumed peace talks with alleged Pakistan-sponsored terrorism high on the agenda as a car bomb exploded in revolt-hit Indian Kashmir, injuring 16 people.
    (AP, 11/14/06)

2006        Nov 30, Indian troops shot dead four Islamic militants in revolt-hit Kashmir, including a commander (Ali Baba alias Abu Hufeza) believed to have been involved in last year's bombings in New Delhi.
    (AFP, 12/1/06)

2006        Dec 5, Pakistan President Gen. Pervez Musharraf said he is willing to give up its claim to all of Kashmir if India agrees that the disputed Himalayan region should become self-governing and largely autonomous. Troops shot dead three Islamic militants in Indian Kashmir, while 19 civilians were injured and a guerrilla was killed in a grenade blast.
    (AP, 12/5/06)(AFP, 12/5/06)

2006        Dec 28, In Indian Kashmir 9 people including five Islamic rebels were killed and 10 injured in separate incidents over the last 2 days.
    (AP, 12/28/06)

2007        Jan 5, In Pakistan's part of Kashmir a landslide triggered by recent heavy rains swamped a minibus and a car on a narrow mountainous road, killing 15 people and injuring three others.
    (AP, 1/6/07)

2007        Jan, Police in India’s Jammu & Kashmir state turned up 5 bodies of Kashmiris buried as Pakistani militants. 8 police officers in the Ganderbal district were arrested including Hansraj Parihar, Ganderbal’s top policeman.
    (Econ, 2/17/07, p.44)

2007        Feb 10, In Indian Kashmir 2 suspected Muslim rebels and a civilian died in a gunbattle with troops when militants opened fire on an army patrol.
    (AFP, 2/10/07)

2007        Feb 11, Indian Kashmir was hit by clashes between police and protesters as separatists held a general strike marking the anniversary of the execution of a prominent rebel.
    (AP, 2/11/07)

2007        Feb 28, In Kashmir Indian officials charged 7 policemen in Srinagar with murdering a man and claiming he was an Islamic militant, the first charges in an alleged plot by officers to kill innocent people and earn rewards.
    (AP, 2/28/07)

2007        Mar 1, Avalanches and landslides in Kashmir forced Indian security teams to airlift thousands of people to safe areas, while at least eight Pakistani soldiers were feared dead after they were buried under a snowslide near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 3/2/07)

2007        Mar 7, In Indian-controlled Kashmir cable operators said 4 foreign television channels have been pulled from the air after Islamic militant groups demanded cable companies stop airing "obscene" shows.
    (AP, 3/7/07)

2007        Mar 20, Heavy rains triggered landslides that buried three homes in Pakistan's portion of Kashmir, leaving 31 people dead.
    (AP, 3/21/07)

2007        Apr 7, The 17-year insurgency in Kashmir continued with an average of 3 lives lost every day. India had an estimated 600,000 soldiers and paramilitary police stationed in Jammu & Kashmir state.
    (Econ, 4/7/07, p.14)

2007        Apr 21, In Indian-held Kashmir police found the bodies of 2 Hindus with their throats slit, as hundreds protested the killing of a Muslim woman.
    (AFP, 4/22/07)

2007        Jun 1, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected Islamic militants attacked a paramilitary camp, a police post and an army vehicle in an upsurge in violence, killing three government soldiers and wounding another 22.
    (AP, 6/1/07)

2007        Jun 7, It was reported that police and security forces in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir have destroyed hundreds of acres of poppy fields and arrested 125 people.
    (AP, 6/7/07)

2007        Jun 9, Indian officials said a group claiming to represent the al-Qaida terror network declared a holy war on India over its partial control of the divided Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 6/9/07)

2007        Jun 24, In Indian Kashmir 3 suspected Muslim rebels were shot dead trying to cross from the Pakistan side of the divided state. The region's main guerrilla group vowed to continue attacks and shun peace talks. A landmine attack by rebels on an Indian police convoy wounded 10 on the outskirts of Srinagar.
    (AFP, 6/24/07)

2007        Jul 7, In Indian-controlled Kashmir protesters clashed with police in Srinagar a day after a teenager was killed when police fired on a crowd protesting alleged human rights abuses.
    (AP, 7/7/07)

2007        Jul 20, Suspected Islamic rebels attacked Hindu pilgrims with hand grenades for the second time in a week in India's portion of Kashmir, wounding 11 people.
    (AP, 7/21/07)

2007        Sep 11, In Kashmir 20 people were hurt when thousands of Kashmiri protesters clashed with Indian police over the killing of an alleged militant who they say was just a college student. Police said Mohammed Ramzan Shah (20) died during a gunfight Sep 11 in the state's northern Kupwara district. Shah's brother said "He was arrested by the army Sep 10 when he was on his way to attend a function at his aunt's place."
    (AFP, 9/11/07)

2007        Sep 25, In Indian Kashmir 5 suspected Muslim militants and a policeman were killed in three gunbattles in Poonch, Kupwara and Kulgam districts.
    (AFP, 9/26/07)

2007        Sep 26, In Indian Kashmir 4 suspected Muslim militants were killed as they crossed into southern Poonch and northern Kupwara districts from the Pakistani-zone of the divided state. Government troops also shot dead two "wanted" commanders of the pro-Pakistan rebel group Hizbul Mujahedin in southern Doda district.
    (AFP, 9/26/07)

2007        Oct 19,     In Indian Kashmir Rawathpora village residents claimed that Indian soldiers detained teacher Abdul Rashid Mir (26) outside a school, then tortured and fatally shot him while he was in custody. The Indian army said Mir was accidentally shot after he got into a squabble with an army patrol team. Violence quickly erupted.
    (AP, 10/20/07)

2007        Oct 20, In Indian Kashmir thousands of angry Rawathpora villagers torched government vehicles in street battles that injured 30 police one day after army soldiers allegedly shot dead a schoolteacher.
    (AP, 10/20/07)

2007        Nov 6, In Kashmir a 4-day gunbattle began that left five Islamic militants and four Indian soldiers killed.
    (AFP, 11/9/07)

2007        Dec 15, In Kashmir one person was killed when police fired on hundreds of students calling for a college to be set up in their town. The protest in Magam township, 30 kilometers (18 miles) west of Srinagar, came a day after the Kashmir government said it would set up 18 new colleges across the insurgency-racked state. Magam was not included.
    (AFP, 12/15/07)

2007        Dec 16, In the Indian portion of Kashmir hundreds of people clashed with police, hours after burying a 20-year-old man killed by police a day earlier. At least 35 people were injured.
    (AP, 12/16/07)

2007        Dec 24, In Indian Kashmir 5 worshippers were being held hostage inside a mosque for a second day by Muslim rebels as security forces sought to end siege peacefully. Indian forces killed three suspected Islamic militants ending the two-day hostage standoff and sparking angry protests that injured dozens of people.
    (AFP, 12/24/07)(AP, 12/25/07)

2008        Feb 8, In the Indian-controlled part of Kashmir avalanches killed at least eight people and forced hundreds more to leave their snowbound villages.
    (AP, 2/8/08)

2008        Mar 6, Officials said authorities in Indian Kashmir have begun poisoning stray dogs in an anti-rabies drive that aims to kill some 100,000 dogs in the region's main city.
    (AP, 3/6/08)

2008        Mar 21, In Indian Kashmir two boys, aged five and 14, were killed when a hand grenade they mistook for a toy exploded.
    (AP, 3/21/08)

2008        Mar 23, In Indian Kashmir 4 policemen and a senior member of a hardline Islamic militant group were killed in a fierce gun battle near Srinagar.
    (AP, 3/23/08)

2008        Apr 5, In Kashmir police fired tear gas to break up a protest by stone-throwing demonstrators against alleged prison abuses as a strike paralyzed life in revolt-hit Srinagar.
    (AFP, 4/5/08)

2008        May 11, Indian forces and suspected Islamic militants clashed in two separate incidents in Indian-controlled Kashmir, killing six people, including two civilians and a news photographer.
    (AP, 5/11/08)

2008        May 21, India and Pakistan signed a pact in Islamabad granting consular access to prisoners in each other's jails but reported no significant progress in negotiations on the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 5/21/08)

2008        May, Kashmir’s state government gave the overseers of the Hindu Amarnath shrine the right to build facilities on 98 acres along the route to the shrine. Separatist politicians portrayed this as loss of territory and rouse violent protests, which eventually forced the government to change its mind, which in turn infuriated the Hindus.
    (Econ, 8/16/08, p.33)

2008        Jun 13, In Indian-controlled Kashmir Islamic rebels ambushed an army vehicle and killed five Indian soldiers, including two senior officers.
    (AP, 6/14/08)

2008        Jun 24, Sixty people were hurt in Indian Kashmir in escalating protests about the handing over of land to Hindu pilgrims visiting the Muslim-majority region.
    (AFP, 6/24/08)

2008        Jun 25, Police in Muslim-majority Indian Kashmir fought running battles with protesters for the third consecutive day as anger mounted over the provision of land to Hindu pilgrims.
    (AP, 6/25/08)

2008        Jun 26, Tens of thousands of Kashmiris filled the streets for a fourth day of protests, after police killings during earlier demonstrations enflamed their anger over the transfer of land to a Hindu shrine in this Muslim-majority region.
    (AP, 6/26/08)

2008        Jun 27, In Indian-controlled Kashmir tens of thousands of angry demonstrators filled the streets, burning flags and effigies of Indian leaders on the fifth day of protests against the transfer of land to a Hindu shrine in the Muslim-majority region.
    (AP, 6/27/08)

2008        Jun 28, In Indian Kashmir at least 50 people were injured when police and protesters clashed for a sixth day as resistance to the transfer of land to a Hindu pilgrim group deepened.
    (AP, 6/28/08)

2008        Jun 30, In Indian Kashmir shops, schools and offices remained shut for the eighth day running as protesters demanded formal revocation of an order to hand over land to a Hindu pilgrim body.
    (AFP, 6/30/08)

2008        Jul 1, In Muslim majority Indian-held Kashmir authorities reversed a controversial plan to transfer land to a Hindu shrine as Muslim and Hindu protesters held massive rallies across the region assailing the state government for its handling of the politically sensitive issue.
    (AP, 7/1/08)

2008        Jul 2, In Kashmir the Indian army said 11 Muslim rebels and an Indian soldier have been killed in two days of fierce fighting in a district bordering the Pakistani part of the disputed state.
    (AFP, 7/2/08)

2008        Jul 4, Fierce fighting raged in India's portion of Kashmir, killing five army soldiers and a suspected Muslim rebel near the de facto border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 7/4/08)

2008        Jul 5, In Kashmir thousands of protesters clashed with police in Srinagar over allegations that government forces set fire to Jenab Sahib, a local Muslim shrine.
    (AP, 7/5/08)

2008        Jul 7, In Indian Kashmir Ghulam Nabi Azad, the chief minister said he was stepping down following protests over the government’s handling of the transfer of government land to the Shiri Amarnath Shrine Board, a trust running the revered Hindu shrine.
    (WSJ, 7/8/08, p.A12)

2008        Jul 13, In Indian Kashmir 10 people were hurt when police had to fire shots in the air and use tear gas to disperse a crowd that was attacking pro-India politicians.
    (AP, 7/13/08)

2008        Jul 18, Suspected Muslim rebels threw a grenade at a crowded bus terminal in the Indian portion of Kashmir, wounding 35 people, including seven children.
    (AP, 7/19/08)

2008        Jul 19, In Kashmir at least 10 Indian soldiers were killed and 14 others injured when their bus was hit by an improvised explosive device in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AFP, 7/19/08)(SSFC, 7/20/08, p.A2)

2008        Jul 24, In Indian Kashmir a suspected Islamic militant threw a hand grenade at a group of migrant laborers, killing a woman and her four children in one of two attacks that claimed a total of nine lives.
    (AP, 7/24/08)

2008        Jul 29, Indian and Pakistani soldiers traded fire across the heavily armed Kashmir frontier for more than 12 hours overnight and into the day in what the Indian army called the worst violation of a 2003 cease-fire agreement between the nuclear-armed neighbors.
    (AP, 7/29/08)

2008        Aug 4, Indian officials pledged to stop Hindus from imposing an economic blockade on the mainly Muslim Kashmir valley as tensions heightened with the deaths of protesters. Police opened fire at hundreds of stone-throwing Hindu protesters angry over a government decision to not transfer land to a Hindu shrine, killing two people. A Muslim protester was also killed by a tear gas shell.
    (AFP, 8/4/08)(AP, 8/4/08)(WSJ, 8/6/08, p.A10)

2008        Aug 6, In Indian Kashmir a Hindu protester was shot dead in army firing as Premier Manmohan Singh was due to hold talks with political parties in a bid to defuse tensions in the region.
    (AP, 8/6/08)

2008        Aug 11, Indian troops shot dead Sheikh Abdul Aziz (52), a prominent Kashmiri separatist leader, and three other protesters. The shooting came as Indian security forces tried to prevent about 100,000 Muslims from marching towards the de facto border with Pakistan.
    (AFP, 8/11/08)

2008        Aug 12, Indian security forces shot dead 15 Muslim demonstrators in Kashmir amid a wave of anger against New Delhi's control over the disputed region.
    (AP, 8/12/08)(Econ, 8/23/08, p.33)

2008        Aug 13, Riots erupted across Indian-controlled Kashmir as Muslims mourned 15 people killed in a day of bloody violence, as the protests spread to other parts of India. Indian police say they have issued orders to shoot protesters defying a curfew in the town of Kishtwar in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (AP, 8/13/08)

2008        Aug 14, Thousands of Muslims poured into the streets of Kashmir, demanding independence from India hours after archival Pakistan called on the United Nations to stop what it characterized as gross human rights violations in the divided Himalayan region. Police shot dead another protester, bringing the death toll from days of rioting to 22 as security was boosted on the eve of India's Independence Day celebrations.
    (AP, 8/14/08)(AFP, 8/14/08)

2008        Aug 15, In India's part of Kashmir tens of thousands of Muslims took to the streets again, ignoring a plea by the country's prime minister for an end to weeks of violence that has left 34 people dead.
    (AP, 8/15/08)

2008        Aug 16, Tens of thousands of Muslims marched in India's portion of Kashmir in honor of a prominent separatist leader killed in a recent wave of violence that has rocked the volatile Himalayan region.
    (AP, 8/16/08)

2008        Aug 18, Tens of thousands of Muslims waving green and black protest flags gathered in Indian Kashmir's main city for a march to UN offices demanding freedom from India and intervention by the world body.
    (AP, 8/18/08)

2008        Aug 22, In Indian Kashmir hundreds of thousands of Muslims marched in Srinagar in the largest protest against Indian rule in over a decade. Police estimated the crowd at 275,000.
    (AP, 8/22/08)(SFC, 8/23/08, p.A8)

2008        Aug 24, In Kashmir soldiers and police fired at Muslim protesters demanding an end to Indian rule killing one person, as authorities arrested top separatist leaders in a bid to quash unrest that has left at least 37 people dead since June.
    (AP, 8/25/08)(SFC, 8/25/08, p.A3)

2008        Aug 27, In Indian-administered Kashmir police traded fire with militants allegedly holding 8 people hostage, including 6 children, in a building in Jammu. 3 soldiers and 3 civilians died in the violence. The militants had illegally crossed into Indian Kashmir from Pakistan a day earlier.
    (AP, 8/27/08)(AP, 8/28/08)

2008        Aug 28, In Indian Kashmir Government forces ended a hostage crisis in the mainly Hindu city of Jammu when they killed the last of three rebels believed to have seized eight people. 2 hostages died in the gunbattle.
    (AP, 8/28/08)

2008        Sep 6, In Indian Kashmir thousands of angry people took to the streets to denounce the killing of a protester by government troops, who fired rubber bullets and tear gas shells at Muslim demonstrators chanting anti-India slogans.
    (AP, 9/6/08)

2008        Sep 12, Tens of thousands of Muslims joined pro-independence rallies across Indian-controlled Kashmir, leading to scattered clashes with police that left at least two protesters dead and dozens injured.
    (AP, 9/12/08)

2008        Oct 10, Police in Srinagar shot and killed two people and at least four protesters were wounded, as thousands of Muslims took to the streets of Indian Kashmir to protest the visit of India's prime minister.
    (AP, 10/10/08)

2008        Oct 11, India's PM Singh launched Kashmir's first train service, the fruit of an eight-year project that overcame tough terrain and rebel strife, on a visit overshadowed by violence. Shops, businesses and schools were shut to protest Singh’s visit.
    (AFP, 10/11/08)(AP, 10/12/08)

2008        Oct 21, In Kashmir trucks laden with fruit, honey, garments and spices crossed the heavily armed frontier as India and Pakistan opened a trade route between the two sides of the divided region for the first time in six decades.
    (AP, 10/21/08)

2008        Oct 26, Government troops in Indian Kashmir opened fire on hundreds of angry protesters demanding the release of several people arrested during a recent strike, killing one and wounding at least three others.
    (AP, 10/26/08)

2008        Nov 16, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a bridge under construction over an icy Himalayan river collapsed, killing four workers and leaving 19 others missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 11/16/08)

2008        Nov 17, Large crowds voted in some towns in Indian Kashmir while protesters clashed with police in others as state elections began amid boycott calls by Muslim separatists.
    (AP, 11/17/08)

2008        Nov 23, In Indian Kashmir turnout was high for a 2nd round of voting despite boycott calls by Muslim separatists and clashes in some towns between protesters and security forces.
    (AP, 11/23/08)

2008        Dec 7, Large crowds voted in several towns in Indian Kashmir, while separatists in other areas boycotted the polls and clashed with government forces in the fourth phase of state elections in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 12/7/08)
2008        Dec 7, Security forces overran a militant camp on the outskirts of Pakistani Kashmir's main city and seized Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi, an alleged mastermind of the attacks that shook India's financial capital last month. At least 11 others were seized at the camp run by the banned group Laskhar-e-Taiba.
    (AP, 12/8/08)

2008        Dec 13, Voters cast their ballots in the fifth phase of state elections in Indian Kashmir as scattered clashes between protesters and government forces left one person dead.
    (AP, 12/13/08)

2008        Dec 17, In Indian Kashmir thousands of security forces patrolled towns to protect voters in state elections. Muslim separatists urged residents to boycott the vote and called for a general strike.
    (AP, 12/17/08)

2008        Dec 21, India arrested 3 suspected Islamic militants, including a Pakistani soldier, for allegedly planning a suicide attack in Indian-controlled Kashmir. The suspects were members of Jaish-e-Mohammed, one of more than a dozen groups fighting since 1989 to oust India from Kashmir.
    (SFC, 12/24/08, p.A5)

2008        Dec 24, In Indian Kashmir police fired tear gas and clashed with protesters, where tens of thousands of soldiers were deployed for the 7th and final leg of multi-stage state elections.
    (AFP, 12/24/08)

2008        Dec 28, Indian PM Manmohan Singh called the higher than expected turnout in elections in disputed Kashmir a "vote for democracy," as results showed no one party dominated the polls.
    (AP, 12/28/08)

2008        Dec 30, In Indian Kashmir the National Conference, which with 28 seats won more than any other party, and the Congress party, which won 17, struck an agreement to form a new coalition, giving them a majority in the state parliament.
    (AP, 12/30/08)

2009        Jan 4,  In a densely forested region of Indian Kashmir a gun battle between government forces and suspected Islamic insurgents raged for a fourth day leaving at least seven combatants killed.
    (AP, 1/4/09)

2009        Jan 5, In Indian Kashmir Omar Abdullah (38), a young pro-India Muslim, was sworn in as the new chief minister after elections that attracted a higher turnout than many politicians and voters expected.
    (AFP, 1/5/09)

2009        Jan 14, Police in Indian-controlled Kashmir said they have arrested Mohammed Ahsan Dar, the founder and commander of the region's largest rebel group, calling it a major setback for the separatists.
    (AP, 1/14/09)

2009        Feb 21, In Kashmir two men were killed when soldiers opened fire after a group of Kashmiri youths hurled stones at them and chanted anti-India slogans. On March 21 the Indian army said it would punish three soldiers for their role in the shooting.
    (AFP, 3/21/09)

2009        Mar 25, The Indian army said it had killed 17 militants from Lashkar-e-Taiba in Kashmir. Recent fighting has left at least 25 people dead.
    (AP, 3/26/09)
2009        Feb 25, A passenger bus plunged into a river in the Indian part of Kashmir, killing at least 33 people.
    (AP, 2/25/09)

2009        Apr 11, Sajad Lone (41), an outspoken Kashmiri separatist and head of the People's Conference, said he would run in India's elections starting next week, marking a radical departure for the movement which has until now boycotted polls.
    (AFP, 4/11/09)

2009        Apr 14, In Himalayan Kashmir an avalanche hit an Indian army post, killing 7 soldiers.
    (AP, 4/14/09)

2009        May 7, In Kashmir scores of protesters clashed with government troops in Srinagar as residents went to the polls in the disputed Himalayan region and other Indian key states in a monthlong parliamentary election.
    (AP, 5/7/09)

2009        May 8, Indian police used teargas and batons to disperse hundreds of rock-throwing Kashmiris protesting against the holding of national elections in the revolt-hit region.
    (AP, 5/8/09)

2009        May 29, In Kashmir the bodies of two young women (17 & 22) were found in Shopian town. The pregnant wife of Shakeel Ahmed Ahangar and his teenage sister were allegedly raped and murdered by Indian soldiers.
    (Reuters, 6/20/09)(Econ, 6/27/09, p.48)

2009        May 30, In Indian Kashmir massive protests and clashes erupted after the bodies of two young women were found amid claims that they were raped and murdered by Indian soldiers.
    (AP, 5/30/09)

2009        May 31, In Indian Kashmir more than 40 people were wounded as clashes continued for a 2nd day between Indian police and Kashmiris demonstrating over the recent deaths of two young Muslim women.
    (AFP, 5/31/09)

2009        Jun 6, In Kashmir protesters clashed with police as a separatist strike over the alleged rape and murder of two young Muslim women paralyzed Indian Kashmir for a sixth day.
    (AP, 6/6/09)

2009        Jun 8, In Indian Kashmir security forces opened fire on protesters, wounding at least seven people, including two critically, in the worst clash since unrest broke out last week over the deaths of two young women.
    (AP, 6/8/09)

2009        Jun 9, In Indian Kashmir 30 protesters were hurt when police fired shots in the air and teargas during fresh protests over the alleged rape and murder of two Muslim women.
    (AFP, 6/9/09)

2009        Jun 12, Indian Home Minister P. Chidambaran, speaking in Srinagar, said India is to phase out the controversial presence of large numbers of its troops in towns across the Muslim-majority Kashmir region. Indian troops and paramilitaries were thought to number up to 500,000.
    (AFP, 6/12/09)

2009        Jun 20, Kashmir valley closed down in the latest protest over the alleged rape and murder of two Muslim women that has triggered massive anti-India demonstrations in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 6/20/09)

2009        Jun 22, In Kashmir 4 Indian police officials were suspended over their handling of a rape and murder case that has sent shockwaves through the disputed Muslim-majority region.
    (AFP, 6/22/09)

2009        Jun 24, In Indian-ruled Kashmir thousands of people defied a ban on protest marches with a fresh demonstration over the alleged rape and murder of two young Muslim women by Indian troops.
    (AFP, 6/24/09)

2009        Jun 26, In Kashmir a Taliban suicide bomber blew himself up near an army vehicle, killing at least two soldiers in the first such assault in Pakistan's part of divided Kashmir, marking an escalation in the militant campaign against security forces.
    (AP, 6/26/09)

2009        Jul 3, In Kashmir police used batons and tear gas to break up fresh anti-India protests, with more than two dozen people injured in the clashes in Srinagar and Baramullah.
    (AFP, 7/3/09)

2009        Jul 8, Protesters in Indian Kashmir set fire to a police van and stoned other security vehicles after the body of a missing young man was recovered in the regional capital Srinagar.
    (AFP, 7/8/09)

2009        Jul 15, A court in Indian-run Kashmir ordered the arrest of four police officers for allegedly destroying evidence in the rape and murder of two women that triggered violent protests last month.
    (AP, 7/15/09)

2009        Aug 8, India’s army said its troops killed three Islamic militants along the de facto Kashmir border, thwarting the seventh attempt by rebels to infiltrate from Pakistan in a week.
    (AFP, 8/8/09)

2009        Aug 20, The Association of Parents of Disappeared People (APDP) said their workers have discovered several unmarked graves containing about 1,500 unidentified bodies in Indian Kashmir, and alleged that some of corpses were likely innocent people killed by government forces. APDP said at least eight of the graves held more than one body.
    (AP, 8/20/09)

2009        Sep 12, In Indian-administered Kashmir suspected Islamic militants set off a powerful bomb blast killing three people and wounding at least seven others.
    (AP, 9/12/09)

2009        Sep 17, In Pakistan-controlled Kashmir a speeding bus, whose driver apparently was eager to break his daylong Ramadan fast, spun out of control and plunged off a mountainous road, killing 25 people and injuring 30 others.
    (AP, 9/17/09)

2009        Oct 29, India banned pre-paid mobile telephones in Kashmir, following concerns that militants were using them to trigger bombs and hide their identities.
    (AFP, 10/30/09)

2009        Nov 2, In Kashmir the bodies of 2 senior rebels, mauled to death by a wild bear, were recovered. Police said they were members of the region's most powerful group, Hizbul Mujahedin and had been active in Indian Kashmir for more than six years.
    (AFP, 11/3/09)

2009        Nov 14, Indian troops shot dead five suspected Islamic militants as they tried to enter Indian Kashmir from the Pakistani side of the disputed state.
    (AFP, 11/14/09)

2009        Nov 21, In Pakistani Kashmir 3 suspected Taliban militants blew themselves up as police chased them.
    (Reuters, 11/21/09)

2009        Dec 2, Researchers from the International People's Tribunal on Human Rights and Justice, an Indian Kashmir-based rights group, issue a report titled “buried Evidence." It said nearly 2,600 bodies have been discovered in single unmarked and mass graves throughout mountainous Indian Kashmir. They found the graves in 55 villages during a three-year survey that concluded last month.
    (AP, 12/2/09)

2009        Dec 4, Fazal Haque Qureshi (64), an Indian Kashmiri separatist leader who supports talks with New Delhi over the restive region's future, was critically wounded by unknown attackers.
    (AFP, 12/5/09)

2009        Dec 18, India said it has withdrawn 30,000 soldiers from Kashmir as rebel attacks decreased over the past two years. Hundreds of thousands are believed to remain in the heavily militarized region also claimed by Pakistan.
    (AP, 12/18/09)

2009        Dec 26, In Indian Kashmir some 40 people were injured when police fired teargas and used batons to break up banned religious processions by Shiite Muslims.
    (AP, 12/26/09)

2009        Dec 28, In Pakistan a suicide bomber in Karachi targeted Pakistan's largest procession of Shiite Muslims on their holiest day, killing 44 people and wounding dozens more in defiance of a major security crackdown. In Pakistan-administered Kashmir a suicide bomber attacked a Shiite procession in Muzaffarabad, killing 8 people and wounding another 80.
    (AFP, 12/28/09)(AP, 1/1/10)(AP, 1/6/10)

2010        Jan 6, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim militants opened fire in the main market area of Srinagar, killing one police officer and sending residents running for cover. A suicide bomber struck an army facility in the Pakistan-controlled portion of Kashmir, killing four soldiers and wounding 11 others in an area where such attacks are rare.
    (AFP, 1/6/10)(AP, 1/6/10)

2010        Jan 7, In Indian-controlled Kashmir government forces ended a 20-hour gunbattle with suspected rebels in  Srinagar, shooting and killing the two attackers who paralyzed the region's main city.
    (AP, 1/7/10)

2010        Jan 8, Government forces in Indian Kashmir killed two suspected rebels in a gunbattle. The fighting started after troops cordoned off a house in Khrew village after receiving a tip that suspected militants were hiding there.
    (AP, 1/8/10)

2010        Jan 16, In the Pakistani section of Kashmir a suicide bomber attacked an army vehicle, wounding two soldiers.
    (AP, 1/16/10)

2010        Jan 29, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels ambushed army soldiers, killing two troops.
    (AP, 1/29/10)

2010        Jan 31, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir Wamiq Farooq (14), a Muslim boy, died after being struck by a shell fired by police to quell a demonstration by separatists in Srinagar.
    (AFP, 2/2/10)(AP, 2/13/10)

2010        Feb 2, In Kashmir Indian police and Muslim protesters clashed for the second day running over the death of a Muslim boy killed by a police tear-gas shell.
    (AFP, 2/2/10)

2010        Feb 5, In Indian Kashmir paramilitary soldiers charged at a group gathered in a playground in Srinagar, and began firing as they fled, killing Zahid Farooq Shah (17). The incident threatened to enflame protests that have rocked the city following the death of another boy on Jan 31.
    (AP, 2/5/10)

2010        Feb 8, In Kashmir 17 Indian soldiers were killed in an avalanche that slammed into a group of 70 combat troops at a high-altitude warfare training camp.
    (AP, 2/8/10)

2010        Feb 13, Fourteen Indian border guards were suspended for suspected involvement in the Feb 5 shooting death of Zahid Farooq Shah (17) in the Indian-ruled portion of Kashmir.
    (AP, 2/13/10)

2010        Mar 14, In Kashmir 6 policemen were hurt when suspected separatist militants attacked their patrol with a grenade in Indian Kashmir's main city of Srinagar.
    (AP, 3/14/10)

2010        Mar 16, In Indian Kashmir 2 civilians and a policeman were killed and 8 other people wounded when suspected militants attacked police patrols at two major markets in Sopore and Srinagar.
    (AFP, 3/16/10)

2010        Mar 23, Pakistani hardliners vowed to wage a holy war to liberate the disputed Himalayan state of Kashmir from Indian control.
    (AFP, 3/23/10)

2010        Mar 31, In Kashmir 4 Indian soldiers and 10 separatist guerrillas were killed in clashes, the highest number of people killed in firefights in 24 hours in recent months.
    (AP, 4/1/10)

2010        Apr 13, In Indian Kashmir one person was killed and 24 hurt during a strike to protest the conviction of six Muslims, including a Kashmiri separatist, for a 1996 bombing in New Delhi.
    (AFP, 4/13/10)

2010        Apr 16, India banned some phone users in insurgency-hit Kashmir from sending SMS text messages, causing anger on the streets and provoking the wrath of the volatile region's chief minister. Kashmir chief minister Omar Abdullah termed the ban "harassment."
    (AFP, 4/16/10)

2010        May 6, In Kashmir a fierce gunbattle between Muslim rebels and Indian security forces in the Indian-controlled portion killed six insurgents and two soldiers.
    (AP, 5/7/10)

2010        May 14, In Indian Kashmir 4 policemen and 2 civilians were injured in a grenade attack by suspected Muslim militants, minutes after protesters and police clashed.
    (AFP, 5/14/10)

2010        May 21, In Indian Kashmir thousands of people turned out to pay tribute to two slain separatist leaders as a one-day strike called to mark the occasion closed shops and businesses.
    (AFP, 5/21/10)

2010        May 29, Police in Indian Kashmir fired teargas to disperse thousands of villagers protesting against what they said was the staged killing of three Muslims by the security forces.
    (AFP, 5/29/10)

2010        Jun 11, In Kashmir a cycle of protests began after Tufail Ahmed Mattoo (17) was killed by a tear gas shell near Srinagar’s main mosque.
    (Econ, 7/10/10, p.42)(Econ, 8/7/10, p.38)

2010        Jun 20, Indian troops fired on hundreds of demonstrators who tried to torch a paramilitary bunker in Kashmir, killing one person and wounding at least five. More were injured in subsequent clashes.
    (AP, 6/20/10)

2010        Jun 24, Indian authorities arrested a key separatist leader and 40 other activists in a bid to quell spiraling protests in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir.
    (AP, 6/24/10)

2010        Jun 27, In Indian Kashmir another man was killed when paramilitary forces fired rubber bullets to disperse protesters who had defied a strict curfew.
    (AFP, 6/27/10)

2010        Jun 28, In Indian Kashmir 2 separatist protesters were killed when security forces opened fire to disperse angry demonstrations.
    (AFP, 6/28/10)

2010        Jun 29, In Indian Kashmir police and paramilitary troops fired on thousands of anti-India protesters, killing at least three people in Anantnag in the worst street violence in a year.
    (AP, 6/29/10)

2010        Jul 6, In Indian Kashmir one person was killed by drowning while fleeing security forces and a woman (25) was killed by a stray bullet at the window of her home.
    (Econ, 7/10/10, p.42)

2010        Jul 7, In Indian Kashmir 2 people were killed  and anger increased when security forces beat people in funeral processions.
    (Econ, 7/10/10, p.42)

2010        Jul 9, In Indian-ruled Kashmir thousands of residents defied a strict curfew prompting police to fire rubber bullets and lob tear gas as fresh rebel attacks injured two policemen. Government forces arrested dozens of suspected separatists in an attempt to stem civil unrest.
    (AP, 7/9/10)

2010        Jul 11, In Kashmir a rigid curfew was lifted from most of the country, but shops and businesses remained shut after separatists called for a strike to protest Indian rule in the Himalayan region.
    (AP, 7/11/10)

2010        Jul 12, In Indian Kashmir shops, schools and offices were shut for a second day as politicians met to discuss how to end weeks of violent and deadly street protests against security forces.
    (AFP, 7/12/10)

2010        Jul 13, In Muzaffarabad, Kashmir, PM Raja Farooq Haider Khan, the top official in Pakistan-held Kashmir, vowed to fight India for control of the disputed territory in a speech to thousands of people assembled by a coalition of banned militant groups.
    (AP, 7/13/10)

2010        Jul 16, In Indian Kashmir hundreds of anti-India protesters clashed with police and paramilitary soldiers despite a rigid curfew being reimposed in most of Kashmir following weeks of unrest that has killed 15 people.
    (AP, 7/16/10)

2010        Jul 23, In Indian Kashmir security forces fired teargas at stone-throwing protesters as fresh protests against Indian rule broke out. A minibus veered off a mountain road under construction and plunged into a river, killing at least 17 people.
    (AP, 7/23/10)(AP, 7/24/10)

2010        Jul 30, In Indian Kashmir paramilitary soldiers fired on thousands of demonstrators, killing three men and wounding at least 80 others as protests against Indian rule spread across the disputed region.
    (AP, 7/30/10)

2010        Jul 31, Across Indian Kashmir violence continued to rage with two people shot dead and five wounded after police in two towns opened fire on protesters who attacked their camps and pelted them with rocks.
    (AP, 7/31/10)

2010        Aug 1, In Indian Kashmir two men and a girl were killed after security forces opened fire at thousands of protesters who defied a curfew, as pro-independence protests spread across the region.
    (AFP, 8/1/10)

2010        Aug 2, Omar Abdullah, the chief minister of Indian Kashmir, held crisis talks on the "cycle of violence" afflicting the region, as five more protesters died, taking the death toll to 37 in two months.
    (AFP, 8/2/10)

2010        Aug 3, In Indian Kashmir 4 more demonstrators died as new protests erupted in defiance of pleas for calm from the region's chief minister.
    (AFP, 8/3/10)

2010        Aug 4, In Kashmir tens of thousands of Kashmiri Muslims marched to a town where seven people were killed over the weekend, defying a curfew in another day of massive protests against Indian rule in the Himalayan region. The Indian government warned that further "mindless violence" in Indian Kashmir could only lead to more deaths after two months of unrest that has already claimed 45 lives.
    (AP, 8/4/10)(AFP, 8/4/10)

2010        Aug 5, In Indian-controlled Kashmir the death toll from civil unrest rose to 48 after two more people were killed when paramilitary forces opened fire on demonstrators angry about decades of Indian rule over the Himalayan region.
    (AP, 8/5/10)

2010        Aug 6, In Indian Kashmir at least 113 people were killed and hundreds injured after rare rainfall triggered flash floods in an area of Ladakh popular with foreign fans of high-altitude adventure sports.
    (AFP, 8/6/10)(SFC, 8/7/10, p.A4)

2010        Aug 10, Rescuers in mountainous Indian-controlled Kashmir raced to save dozens of stranded foreign trekkers and find 500 people still missing in flash floods that have killed 140.
    (AP, 8/10/10)

2010        Aug 13, In Kashmir tens of thousands staged angry street demonstrations after government forces killed four people and injured 31 others during the latest unrest against Indian rule in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 8/13/10)

2010        Aug 14, In Indian Kashmir fresh clashes erupted between anti-India protesters and security forces, where 55 demonstrators have died during two months of unrest.
    (AFP, 8/14/10)

2010        Aug 15, India's PM Manmohan Singh appealed to the people of Indian-controlled Kashmir to end violent protests and said his government is ready to hold talks to resolve their long-standing problems. An off-duty officer flung a shoe at Chief Minister Omar Abdullah, Indian-controlled Kashmir's top elected official, during India's independence day ceremony.
    (AP, 8/15/10)(AP, 8/16/10)

2010        Aug 19, In Indian Kashmir paramilitary soldiers fired live ammunition to disperse anti-India protesters and wounded 3 people after residents accused troops of attacking their homes.
    (AP, 8/19/10)

2010        Aug 20, In Indian Kashmir a teenager was shot dead by paramilitary forces in northern Sopore town. The death sparked further street protests in which a second man died in southern Bijbehara town.
    (AP, 8/21/10)

2010        Aug 30, In Kashmir police opened fire with live rounds at rock-throwing Kashmiris, sparking violent street protests by hundreds in India's portion of the troubled Himalayan region. At least five people were wounded, one critically.
    (AP, 8/30/10)

2010        Sep 6, In Kashmir Indian government forces fired on protesters hurling stones at them, killing three people and wounding at least 17 other demonstrators.
    (AP, 9/6/10)

2010        Sep 11, In Kashmir police fired warning shots and tear gas to disperse hundreds of demonstrators who attacked a police post and burned government offices, as tens of thousands of people took to the streets to protest Indian rule in the Himalayan region.
    (AP, 9/11/10)

2010        Sep 12, In Indian-administered Kashmir hundreds of stone-throwing protesters defied a curfew and attacked security forces in two towns, injuring 9 police officers and 4 soldiers. The protests erupted hours after police formally accused Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, a key separatist leader, of treason for allegedly inciting participants in a massive rally to torch government offices a day earlier.
    (AP, 9/12/10)

2010        Sep 13, India’s PM Manmohan Singh again voiced his willingness to talk to Kashmiris and to respond to their demands, but the government has not yet responded to a proposal by the separatists for peace talks. Indian forces killed 18 protesters and wounded scores of others in confrontations across Kashmir fueled in part by a report that a Quran was desecrated in the United States. A police officer was also killed.
    (AP, 9/13/10)(AP, 9/14/10)

2010        Sep 14, Indian police opened fire on stone-throwing protesters in Kashmir as small groups took to the streets in defiance of curfew orders.
    (AP, 9/14/10)

2010        Sep 15, Indian police opened fire on Muslim demonstrators in a town near Kashmir, killing four people and wounding 30 as leaders of India's main political parties debated how to end months of separatist protests in the region.
    (AP, 9/15/10)

2010        Sep 16, In the Indian portion of Kashmir protesters defied a round-the-clock curfew and attacked government forces with rocks, wounding six of them.
    (AP, 9/16/10)

2010        Sep 17, India deployed soldiers on the streets of protest-hit Kashmir to restore order, as three more people were shot dead by security forces during violent demonstrations.
    (AFP, 9/17/10)

2010        Sep 18, Kashmir police fired on fresh anti-India demonstrations, killing 3 protesters and bringing the number of civilian deaths in an unprecedented wave of unrest to 102.
    (AFP, 9/18/10)

2010        Sep 19, In Indian Kashmir 3 people wounded during recent protests against Indian rule died ahead of a visit by a delegation of lawmakers seeking ways to defuse months of civil unrest. A 22-year-old woman was killed in Sopore town by security forces.
    (AP, 9/19/10)(AP, 9/20/10)

2010        Sep 20, A delegation of Indian lawmakers launched a mission in Kashmir to find ways of defusing months of deadly unrest, but their trip was immediately derided by the Himalayan region's separatists as a publicity stunt. Fresh protests erupted in Sopore town, a day after a 22-year-old woman was killed by security forces.
    (AP, 9/20/10)

2010        Sep 21, In Pakistan-held Kashmir a van carrying at least 30 schoolchildren plunged into a river, and most of the passengers were confirmed or feared dead.
    (AP, 9/21/10)

2010        Sep 25, The Indian government said it will ask authorities to release hundreds of students and youths detained during months of civil unrest that has left at least 107 people dead in Kashmir and review the massive deployment of security forces there.
    (AP, 9/25/10)

2010        Sep 26, Kashmiri separatist leaders rejected India's offer to release hundreds of young detainees and review the massive deployment of security forces in the Himalayan territory to defuse deadly civil unrest.
    (AP, 9/26/10)

2010        Oct 6, In Indian Kashmir 50 students arrested during months of deadly protests were released from custody in a latest move to defuse tension in the Himalayan region.
    (AP, 10/6/10)

2010        Oct 7, The assembly in Indian-controlled Kashmir erupted in violence when opposition lawmakers scuffled with security guards to protest a suggestion that only a deal between India and Pakistan could bring peace to the region.
    (AP, 10/7/10)

2010        Oct 24, Pakistani soldiers allegedly fired machine guns and rockets on an Indian military post killing an Indian soldier in the Poonch sector of Kashmir.
    (AP, 10/25/10)

2010        Nov 3, In Kashmir two clashes broke out in Srinagar between police and stone-throwing youths chanting pro-independence slogans. Police said government forces have killed seven suspected Muslim rebels in four gunbattles this week.
    (AP, 11/3/10)

2010        Nov 10, In Kashmir suspected Islamist rebels fatally shot two Indian paramilitary soldiers guarding a busy marketplace in Pattan town in India's portion of Kashmir.
    (AP, 11/10/10)

2010        Nov 29, In Indian Kashmir 3 suspected militants and a policeman were killed in a gunbattle in a busy market in Srinagar, as panicked locals ran for cover. Police said one of the slain militants was identified as Abdul Rehman, alias Naveed of Lashkar, a Pakistani national active in the area for the last four years.
    (AFP, 11/29/10)

2010        Dec 10, Police in Indian-controlled Kashmir arrested a college lecturer on charges he gave his students an English exam filled with questions attacking India's crackdown on demonstrations in the disputed region. The exam written by Noor Mohammed Bhat and administered to students across the region on Dec 8 included questions such as, "Are the stone pelters real heroes? Discuss."
    (AP, 12/10/10)

2010        Dec 15, In the Indian portion of Kashmir police fired tear gas and swung batons to disperse hundreds of Muslims participating in religious processions. At least six people were injured.
    (AP, 12/15/10)

2010        Basharat Peer authored “Curfewed Night: One Kashmiri Journalist’s Frontline Account of Life, Love and War in His Homeland."
    (Econ, 5/29/10, p.84)
2010        Kashmir’s population was about 11 million.
    (Econ, 1/1/11, p.35)

2011        Jan 14, In India a senior government official said the government will reduce its enormous military presence in the Kashmir region by 25% if anti-Indian violence there ends.
    (AP, 1/14/11)

2011        Jan 26, In Indian-controlled Kashmir thousands of police prevented a Hindu nationalist party and a separatist group from raising flags for their opposing causes in a central square to mark India's Republic Day.
    (AP, 1/26/11)

2011        Jan 31, In Kashmir attackers carrying automatic rifles whisked Arifa (17) and Akhtara (19) away from their home. Police say the men were rebels, though their mother, Fracha Begum, has said only that they were gunmen. Less than an hour later, police recovered their bodies riddled with bullets about a mile away. Residents seemed convinced the rebels killed the sisters for their alleged association with government forces deployed in the town.
    (AP, 2/16/11)

2011        Apr 8, In the Indian portion of Kashmir a blast outside a mosque killed Moulvi Showkat Ahmed Shah, the president of the religious group Jamiat-e-ahle Hadith. Police within weeks blamed the murder on factional rivalry, arrested three people and accused a top Lashkar-e-Taiba commander of helping the killers with explosives. In August Lashkar-e-Taiba released a report saying the group initially thought Indian forces and institutions had killed Moulvi Showkat Ahmed Shah to weaken rebel groups in Kashmir. It said members of an almost-defunct militant group, Tehreek-ul-Mujahideen, were involved in the killing.
    (AP, 4/8/11)(AP, 8/26/11)

2011        Apr 15, In Indian Kashmir suspected Muslim rebels shot dead Haseena Akhter, a woman candidate contesting village-level polls.
    (AFP, 4/16/11)

2011        Jun 24, India and Pakistan wrapped up a fresh round of peace talks in Islamabad without any breakthrough other than an agreement to meet again in New Delhi ahead of ministerial talks next month. They did agree to work on new nuclear confidence-building measures and expanded trade and travel across the ceasefire line dividing disputed Kashmir.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)(Reuters, 6/24/11)

2011        Jul 15, In Kashmir a handful of fighters, allegedly from Lashkar-e-Taiba, died in a shootout with Indian soldiers.
    (Econ, 7/23/11, p.38)

2011        Jul 22, In Indian-controlled Kashmir thousands hurled rocks and shouted anti-India slogans protesting in a remote village, after a woman told police she was abducted and raped by army soldiers stationed in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 7/22/11)

2011        Jul 27, An Indian army officer was shot dead in a battle with rebels along the de facto Kashmir border. The latest fighting came after Indian foreign minister S.M. Krishna and his Pakistani counterpart, Hina Rabbani Khar, outlined in New Delhi the countries' commitment to fight militancy, boost trade and sustain the peace process.
    (AFP, 7/28/11)

2011        Aug 3, Kashmiris shut down shops and businesses in a general strike to protest a man's death in police custody in the Indian-controlled portion of the disputed Himalayan region. Separatists called the strike to protest the July 31 death of a 28-year-old man just hours after he was picked up for questioning in connection with an unsolved murder.
    (AP, 8/3/11)

2011        Aug 7, Indian army and police claimed they killed a Pakistani commander of Lashkar-e-Taiba militants during a gunbattle in Poonch region of Kashmir. An investigation found the dead man was a local Hindu resident and mentally unsound. A soldier and police officer were arrested and investigated for murder.
    (AP, 8/8/11)

2011        Aug 20, Indian troops in Kashmir fought a deadly gunbattle with suspected rebels crossing the military Line of Control from Pakistani-controlled territory. One soldier and 11 suspected rebels were reported killed.
    (AP, 8/20/11)

2011        Aug 21, An Indian government report said hundreds of unmarked graves in Kashmir hold more than 2,000 bullet-riddled bodies that may include innocent victims, despite police claims that they were militants fighting Indian rule in the disputed Himalayan territory.
    (AP, 8/21/11)

2011        Aug 25, In Indian-administered Kashmir rebels threw grenades at paramilitary soldiers in two areas, killing two people and wounding 11 others.
    (AP, 8/25/11)

2011        Aug 29, Authorities in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir said they are dropping about 1,200 criminal cases against young Kashmiri men for allegedly throwing stones during violent protests against Indian rule last year.
    (AP, 8/29/11)

2011        Aug 31, Three Pakistani soldiers were killed and one Indian trooper was hurt in an exchange of fire by the rival militaries across their sensitive border in divided Kashmir.
    (AFP, 8/31/11)

2011        Sep 5, The state government in Indian Kashmir defended repeated house arrest orders imposed on Syed Ali Geelani, a top hardline separatist leader, saying he was responsible for inciting violence.
    (AFP, 9/5/11)

2011        Sep 13, In Indian-administered Kashmir at least 22 people were killed and 18 others injured when an overcrowded passenger minibus plunged into a deep gorge.
    (AFP, 9/13/11)

2011        Sep 16, The Jammu-Kashmir State Human Rights Commission broadened its investigation into unmarked graves in the Indian portion of Kashmir to include thousands more in two additional districts. Residents had claims of 3,844 unmarked graves at 208 locations in the remote districts of Rajouri and Poonch.
    (AP, 9/16/11)

2011        Sep 26, In Indian-controlled Kashmir fierce fighting erupted between rebels and government forces. 4 days of fighting left at least 9 people dead.
    (AP, 9/28/11)(AFP, 9/29/11)

2011        Oct 29, A state official said Indian-ruled Kashmir has approved amendments to the PSA, a tough law that allowed detention of people without trial for two years and the arrest of youths as young as 16. The amendments mean that no-one under 18 years of age will be detained under the act.
    (AFP, 10/29/11)

2011        Dec 4, In Srinagar, Kashmir, authorities used batons, tear gas and water canons to break up Muslim religious processions held in defiance of a strict curfew.
    (AP, 12/4/11)

2011        Dec 11, In Indian Kashmir a policeman was killed and a civilian injured when suspected Muslim militants opened fire. The region's senior minister escaped unhurt in the attack.
    (AFP, 12/11/11)

2011        Dec 14, Kashmiri shopkeeper Tariq Ahmad Bhat died two weeks after anti-India protesters allegedly beat him for refusing to close his store during a strike. Four people accused of beating him have been arrested.
    (AP, 12/15/11)

2011        Dec 24, In Kashmir Bashir Ahmed, a shopkeeper and member of the ruling pro-India National Conference, was shot in the head at close range in Srinagar. A group of paramilitary soldiers opened fire on each other inside a camp in Indian Kashmir, killing three soldiers.
    (AP, 12/24/11)(AP, 12/25/11)

2012        Jan 2, Security forces in Indian Kashmir opened fire and killed a protester during a demonstration by hundreds of residents angry about mid-winter power cuts.
    (AFP, 1/2/12)

2012        Jan 24, In Kashmir a huge avalanche buried seven Indian soldiers while they were clearing snow from an army supply road in the mountains near the cease-fire line.
    (AP, 1/24/12)

2012        Feb 11, In Indian Kashmir protesters blocked a main highway after a young man was shot dead by the army in what military officials described as an "accidental" shooting. Ashiq Hussain Rather (22) was killed the previous evening when a soldier accidentally fired his rifle as security forces combed the area for militants.
    (AFP, 2/11/12)

2012        Feb 22, In Kashmir at least 16 Indian soldiers on duty in the mountains were killed and three others were missing in massive avalanches.
    (AFP, 2/23/12)

2012        Mar 15, Kashmir scientists at Sher-i-Kashmir University said they have cloned a rare Himalayan goat, hoping to help increase the number of animals famed for their silky soft undercoats used to make pashmina wool, or cashmere.
    (AP, 3/15/12)

2012        Mar 22, In Indian Kashmir a suspected rebel died and 25 by-standers were injured when explosives that he was carrying in his car detonated by accident.
    (AFP, 3/22/12)

2012        Apr 7, In Pakistan 140 people, including 129 soldiers, were buried when the wall of snow engulfed a military complex on the northern tip of the divided Kashmir region.
    (AFP, 4/7/12)(AP, 12/1/12)

2012        Apr 18, Pakistan called for negotiations with rival nuclear power India over the disputed Siachen Glacier to the north of Kashmir, an apparent softening in attitude toward a neighbor with which it has fought three wars since 1947.
    (AP, 4/18/12)

2012        Jun 10, Hundreds of Kashmiris staged an emotional demonstration on the banks of a fast-flowing river to urge India and Pakistan to withdraw troops from the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AFP, 6/10/12)

2012        Jun 14, The Indian military said Pakistani forces killed one Indian soldier in firing across their disputed frontier in the Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 6/14/12)

2012        Jun 25, In Indian Kashmir a major fire gutted a 200-year-old, revered Sufi Muslim shrine, sparking clashes between police and residents in the region's summer capital Srinagar. Nearly two dozen people were injured in the violence.
    (AFP, 6/25/12)

2012        Sep 5, It was reported that the government of Kashmir has rejected wide-scale DNA testing of bodies in thousands of unmarked graves despite pleas by the families of those who disappeared during two decades of fighting in the restive region.
    (AP, 9/5/12)

2012        Nov 30, In Pakistani Kashmir an avalanche killed five Pakistani soldiers and four civilians in the snow-covered Sharda sector in the Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 12/1/12)

2013        Jan 6, Pakistan and India traded accusations of violating the cease-fire in the disputed northern region of Kashmir, with Islamabad accusing Indian troops of a cross-border raid that killed one of its soldiers and India charging that Pakistani shelling destroyed a home on its side.
    (AP, 1/6/13)

2013        Jan 8, An Indian army official said Pakistani soldiers crossed the cease-fire line in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir and attacked an army patrol, killing two Indian soldiers before retreating back into Pakistani-controlled territory.
    (AP, 1/8/13)

2013        Jan 10, Indian troops fired across the disputed Kashmir border and killed a Pakistani soldier, the third deadly incident in the disputed Himalayan region in recent days.
    (AP, 1/10/13)

2013        Jan 16, India and Pakistan agreed to ease tensions in disputed Kashmir after recent clashes there.
    (AP, 1/16/13)

2013        Feb 6, From Kashmir it was reported that the all-girl rock band Pragaash (First Light) has decided to disband following but one concert last December. The teenage members had received threats on social media and a top Muslim cleric.
    (SFC, 2/6/13, p.A3)

2013        Feb 9, In India Mohammed Afzal Guru, a Kashmiri man convicted in Dec 13, 2001, attack on India's Parliament that left 14 people dead, was hanged after a final mercy plea was rejected. Guru had confessed in TV interviews that he helped plot the attack, but later denied any involvement and said he was tortured into confessing. Protests broke out in at least four parts of Indian Kashmir, including the northwestern town of Sopore, which was Guru's home.
    (AP, 2/9/13)

2013        Feb 10, One person was killed as protests broke out in at least two parts of Indian-controlled Kashmir despite a strict curfew to prevent violence after the execution of a Kashmiri man convicted in a deadly 2001 attack on India's Parliament.
    (AP, 2/10/13)

2013        Feb 11, In Indian-controlled Kashmir 3 young people were left dead in violence despite a curfew that continued for a third day following the Feb 9 execution of a Kashmiri man convicted in a deadly 2001 attack on India's Parliament.
    (AP, 2/11/13)

2013        Feb 14, Indian troops shot and killed a Pakistani soldier who crossed the makeshift border separating Indian and Pakistani held Kashmir.
    (AP, 2/15/13)

2013        Jul 18, Indian paramilitary soldiers fired at protesters in the Kashmir region, killing 4 and wounding 40 members of a crowd demonstrating against what they said was the desecration of the Koran by Indian security forces.
    (Reuters, 7/18/13)

2013        Aug 6, Five Indian soldiers were killed in an ambush by militants and Pakistani soldiers along the disputed border in Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 8/6/13)

2013        Aug 11, India and Pakistan exchanged more gunfire across the disputed border in Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 8/11/13)

2013        Aug 15, In Kashmir two civilians, including a porter working for the Indian army, were reportedly wounded by Pakistani troops firing in Mendhar sector. Indian troops reportedly fired across the disputed border and wounding six civilians in the Kotli sector of Pakistan-held Kashmir.
    (AP, 8/16/13)

2013        Aug 19, Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif called for better relations with India in a conciliatory gesture on national television after weeks of increased military activity along the two nations' disputed border.
    (Reuters, 8/19/13)

2013        Aug 21, The Pakistani military accused Indian troops of shelling across the disputed Kashmir border and killing an army captain, the latest in a series of alleged attacks over the past two weeks that have sparked tension between the nuclear-armed rivals.
    {pak, India, Kashmir}
    (AP, 8/21/13)

2013        Sep 4, Indian security forces nabbed Talib Lali, a commander of Hizbul Mujahideen, one of five militant groups at large in Kashmir.
    (Econ, 9/7/13, p.42)

2013        Sep 26, The Indian army said it had killed at least a dozen militants from a group of 30 it said had crossed over from Pakistan into northern Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 9/26/13)

2013        Oct 2, The Indian army said its troops have been battling dozens of armed rebels who have crossed over from Pakistan’s border of Kashmir. The army said 12 militants have been killed over the last nine days.
    (SFC, 10/3/13, p.A2)

2014        Feb 24, Indian soldiers killed 7 rebels in a gunbattle in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 2/24/14)

2014        Mar 3, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected rebels ambushed a police vehicle and killed two officers outside a court in Pulwama town.
    (AP, 3/3/14)

2014        Mar 7, Hundreds of people protested in the streets in Indian-controlled Kashmir over the expulsion of dozens of Kashmiri college students because they cheered for the Pakistani cricket team over India's.
    (AP, 3/7/14)

2014        Mar 12, In Kashmir unusually heavy snowfall unleashed avalanches overnight and collapsed homes, killing at least 14 people on both sides of the de-facto border between India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 3/12/14)

2014        Mar 28, In Kashmir at least three gunmen disguised as Indian soldiers opened fire on a car, killing a passenger and triggering a firefight with army troops in the Dayalchak area.
    (AP, 3/28/14)

2014        Apr 8, Indian government forces engaged suspected rebels in a fierce gunbattle overnight that left two rebels dead along with an Indian soldier and two police officers in Kashmir.
    (AP, 4/8/14)

2014        Apr 13, In Kashmir suspected rebels attacked a pro-India politician's house with a hail of bullets killing two police guards.
    (AP, 4/13/14)

2014        Apr 14, In Kashmir a nearly 20-hour gunbattle in Indian-controlled Kashmir ended after government troops killed two suspected rebels in Srinagar.
    (AP, 4/14/14)

2014        Apr 21, In India-controlled Kashmir suspected rebels gunned down two village elders and one victim's son in attacks that police said were aimed at scaring off voters in the country's general election.
    (AP, 4/22/14)

2014        Apr 24, In Kashmir Indian forces used tear gas and wooden batons to disperse scores of demonstrators who shouted anti-India slogans and threw rocks to protest against voting in national elections in the disputed region. Voter turnout was low.
    (AP, 4/24/14)

2014        Apr 26, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a fierce gunbattle over the last 24 hours left 3 suspected rebels and 2 Indian army soldiers dead.
    (AP, 4/26/14)

2014        Apr 29, Indian police and paramilitary officers said they have detained more than 600 Kashmiri residents over the last five days in a crackdown on suspected separatists ahead of voting in a general election.
    (AP, 4/29/14)

2014        Jun 12, In Kashmir bomb explosion killed an Indian army soldier and wounded three others close to the cease-fire line between longtime rivals India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 6/12/14)

2014        Jun 23, In Kashmir a protester was killed and four others were wounded when Indian government forces fired at demonstrators protesting the killing of a suspected rebel in an earlier gunbattle.
    (AP, 6/23/14)

2014        Jul 4, India’s newly elected PM Narendra Modi made his first official trip to Indian-controlled Kashmir, where separatist groups called a strike that shut shops, businesses and schools.
    (AP, 7/4/14)

2014        Jul 16, In Indian-controlled Kashmir an army truck collided with a taxi, outside Srinagar killing 7 people, including a pregnant woman, and triggering violent protests. An Indian border guard was killed by firing from Pakistani border officers.
    (AP, 7/16/14)

2014        Jul 18, Indian government forces used tear gas and wooden canes to disperse hundreds of Kashmiri workers who clashed with them at a sprawling camp for Hindu pilgrims heading for a Himalayan cave, leaving dozens of people injured.
    (AP, 7/18/14)

2014        Aug 6, Pakistani security forces arrested an Indian border guard for allegedly violating their de-facto border in the disputed Himalayan territory of Kashmir.
    (AFP, 8/8/14)

2014        Aug 11, Indian police accused Pakistan of injuring four people during overnight firing along their border in Kashmir, on the eve of PM Narendra Modi's visit to the disputed region.
    (AFP, 8/11/14)

2014        Aug 12, India’s PM Narendra Modi ahead of a visit to Kargil, Kashmir, said Pakistan was waging a "proxy war" in the disputed region.
    (AFP, 8/13/14)

2014        Aug 13, Pakistan dismissed as "baseless rhetoric" claims by Indian PM Narendra Modi that it was waging a "proxy war" in disputed Kashmir.
    (AFP, 8/13/14)

2014        Aug 23, India and Pakistan traded gunfire in the disputed Kashmir region, killing two villagers on each side and wounding several others.
    (AP, 8/23/14)

2014        Aug 30, In Kashmir suspected rebels clashed with Indian soldiers near the highly militarized cease-fire line dividing disputed Kashmir between India and Pakistan, killing one soldier and wounding another. At least 3 Indian soldiers and 5 Kashmiri militants had been reported killed in fighting over the past week in the mountainous Kupwara region.
    (AP, 8/30/14)

2014        Sep 4, In Indian-held Kashmir a bus carrying over 50 wedding guests was swept away by a flooded stream. All but 5 passengers were missing.
    (SFC, 9/5/14, p.A2)

2014        Sep 6, Authorities in northern India and Pakistan said more than 230 people have been killed in torrential monsoon rains which triggered flooding, landslides and house collapses. This included at least 155 people killed in both sides of Kashmir.
    (AFP, 9/6/14)

2014        Sep 9, The death toll from the heaviest rain to fall on Kashmir in 50 years rose to at least 420, including 217 on India’s side and 213 on the Pakistani side.
    (Reuters, 9/9/14)

2014        Sep 10, The death toll from the flooding in India and Pakistan climbed to at least 457. Thousands of people fled their homes in Pakistan as monsoon flooding that has already inundated the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir coursed down onto the plains. Parts of Srinagar remained under two storeys of water for nearly three weeks.
    (AP, 9/10/14)(Econ, 12/13/14, p.41)

2014        Oct 6, In Kashmir tens of thousands of villagers fled their homes as Indian and Pakistani troops bombarded each other with gunfire and mortar shells over the border separating their portions of the disputed region. 9 civilians were killed.
    (AP, 10/6/14)(AP, 10/7/14)

2014        Oct 7, Indian and Pakistani troops fired bullets and mortar shells across the border between Kashmir and Pakistan for a second day, with both accusing the other of provoking the violence. Police in both countries said troops exchanged fire for hours overnight, killing a Pakistani man and injuring at least 22 others.
    (AP, 10/7/14)

2014        Oct 8, In Kashmir 5 more civilians were killed and thousands took refuge in camps in the disputed region after some of the most intense fighting between nuclear-armed neighbors Pakistan and India in a decade.
    (Reuters, 10/8/14)

2014        Oct 11, India and Pakistan exchanged gunfire across the Kashmir frontier, ending a pause in fighting that has already killed 17 civilians.
    (Reuters, 10/11/14)

2014        Oct 29, In Kashmir 2 suspected rebels were been killed in a fierce gunbattle near the heavily militarized line of control. An Indian army officer and a suspected rebel died a day earlier in the fighting.
    (AP, 10/29/14)

2014        Nov 5, In Indian-controlled Kashmir shops and businesses were closed and small protests broke out after separatists called a strike following the killings of two teenagers by army soldiers at a roadblock.
    (AP, 11/5/14)

2014        Nov 14, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir 2 suspected rebels and a civilian were killed in a fierce overnight gunbattle.
    (AP, 11/14/14)

2014        Nov 20, In Kashmir Indian forces reportedly fired across the border into the Pakistan-administered portion of the disputed Himalayan region, killing a soldier.
    (AP, 11/21/14)

2014        Nov 25, Thousands of Kashmiris cast votes in state elections despite a boycott call by Muslim separatist groups that reject India's sovereignty over the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 11/25/14)

2014        Nov 27, In the Indian-held portion of Kashmir heavily armed militants fought a fierce gunbattle with soldiers. 4 civilians were among the 10 dead.
    (AP, 11/27/14)

2014        Dec 2, Indian soldiers killed 6 militants near the border with Pakistan in Kupwara, northern Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 12/3/14)

2014        Dec 5, In India’s section of Kashmir a series of rebel attacks killed 21 people, including 8 Indian soldiers and 3 police officers. The rebels had crossed over from Pakistani territory.
    (AP, 12/8/14)(Econ, 12/13/14, p.41)

2014        Dec 31, Indian and Pakistani troops exchanged fire near the border that divides the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, leaving one dead on the Indian side and two wounded on the Pakistani side.
    (AP, 12/31/14)

2014        Rana Dasgupta authored “Capital: A Portrait of Twenty-First Century Delhi."
    (Econ, 3/1/14, p.84)

2015        Jan 5, Pakistani troops fired gunshots and mortar shells that killed an Indian soldier in northern Kashmir.
    (AP, 1/5/15)

2015        Jan 14, Indian troops killed a suspected rebel in a gunbattle in the northern Kashmir town of Sopore.
    (AP, 1/15/15)

2015        Jan 15, Indian soldiers and police killed five suspected rebels during a fierce gunbattle in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 1/15/15)

2015        Jan 27, In Kashmir a brief gunbattle between Indian government forces and suspected rebels killed two rebels and two troops.
    (AP, 1/27/15)

2015        Feb 21, Indian government forces killed two suspected rebels in a gunbattle in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 2/21/15)

2015        Mar 1, India's ruling Hindu nationalist party formed a coalition government in Kashmir, marking the first time it will hold a leadership position in the disputed Muslim-majority region.
    (AP, 3/1/15)

2015        Mar 20, In Kashmir suspected rebels wearing army uniforms stormed an Indian police station, killing a policeman. A four-hour gun battle then left 2 paramilitary soldiers, 2 militants and a civilian dead.
    (AP, 3/20/15)

2015        Mar 21, Indian soldiers killed two suspected Kashmiri rebels after they tried to sneak into the army's main infantry headquarters in the Indian portion of the disputed Himalayan territory.
    (AP, 3/21/15)

2015        Mar 31, In Kashmir rescuers recovered 15 bodies from two houses hit by rain-triggered landslides, following its second major floods in six months.
    (AP, 3/31/15)(SFC, 4/1/15, p.A2)

2015        Apr 2, In northeastern India armed insurgents ambushed an army convoy in Arunachal Pradesh state, killing 3 soldiers and wounding four others. Suspected Kashmiri rebels killed two Indian security personnel and wounded two soldiers and a civilian in a fierce gun battle in the northern Himalayan territory.
    (AP, 4/2/15)

2015        Apr 3, Four soldiers were killed in Indian Kashmir after their vehicle was buried in an avalanche in the Himalayan region.
    (AP, 4/4/15)

2015        Apr 6, In Kashmir suspected rebels fatally shot three unarmed policemen in southern Amshipore village.
    (AP, 4/6/15)

2015        Apr 10, Kashmir police fired tear gas to disperse hundreds of people protesting a government plan to build townships for hundreds of thousands of Kashmiri Hindus who fled the Indian portion of Kashmir after the outbreak of insurgency in 1989.
    (AP, 4/10/15)

2015        Apr 11, In Kashmir shops and businesses were closed in the disputed Himalayan region to protest India's plan to build townships for Hindus who fled a rebellion in Muslim-majority areas.
    (AP, 4/11/15)

2015        Apr 13, In Kashmir a militant commander's brother was killed near Tral. The Indian army said the man was killed in a gunbattle along with a militant. Local residents said the man was tortured to death.
    (AP, 4/17/15)

2015        Apr 17, In Indian-controlled Kashmir police fired tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse hundreds of demonstrators who hurled rocks and chanted anti-Indian and pro-Pakistan slogans. At least 20 police personnel and five protesters were injured in protests over the killing of a youth by the army and a crackdown by authorities on separatist leaders.
    (AP, 4/17/15)(Reuters, 4/17/15)

2015        Apr 18, In Indian-controlled Kashmir one person died following an injury suffered after police opened fire to disperse stone-throwing demonstrators during a daylong protest strike over the arrest of a separatist leader.
    (Reuters, 4/18/15)

2015        May 11, In Kashmir a crowded bus veered off a rocky village road and fell into a deep gorge, killing at least 23 people in the Indian-controlled portion of the country.
    (AP, 5/11/15)

2015        May 25, In Indian Kashmir militants killed 4 Indian soldiers and an employee of a mobile phone shop, in a spate of attacks in the disputed region.
    (Reuters, 5/25/15)

2015        May 31, In Kashmir suspected rebels tried to storm an Indian military camp, sparking a fierce gunbattle that left a civilian and 3 militants dead near the border between the Indian and Pakistani-controlled parts of the Himalayan region.
    (AP, 6/1/15)

2015        Jun 6, The Indian army killed 3 militants along in Kashmir the disputed border with Pakistan, foiling the third infiltration attempt in the past two weeks.
    (Reuters, 6/6/15)

2015        Jun 17, Stores, businesses and schools slammed shut across Indian-controlled Kashmir after separatists called a strike to protest a series of assassination-style killings over the past week.
    (AP, 6/17/15)

2015        Jul 15, The Pakistani military shot down a small Indian spy drone in Kashmir. Indian and Pakistani troops exchanged fire in Kashmir, killing a woman and wounding at least 4 other people on the Indian-controlled side.
    (Reuters, 7/15/15)(AP, 7/15/15)

2015        Aug 4, In Kashmir Pakistani and Indian border guards traded gunfire and mortar shells along their disputed border, killing two Pakistanis and an Indian.
    (AP, 8/4/15)

2015        Aug 5, In Indian-controlled Kashmir 2 paramilitary soldiers and a suspected rebel were killed when a convoy of troops was ambushed. Indian forces captured a Pakistani militant after the deadly attack. Two boys aged 10 and 11 were killed in a blast as they were playing with an explosive device they found in the Ganderbal area.
    (AP, 8/5/15)(Reuters, 8/5/15)

2015        Aug 9, In Kashmir 2 suspected rebels and an Indian army soldier were killed in two gunbattles after a group of militants crossed over from Pakistan in the nearby Tangdar sector of the border.
    (AP, 8/9/15)

2015        Aug 11, In Indian Kashmir government troops killed 2 militants in a prolonged gunbattle that also wounded a police officer. One protester died in a separate incident.
    (AP, 8/11/15)

2015        Aug 15, India and Pakistani troops traded heavy gunfire and mortars in Kashmir, killing at least 4 civilians and injuring 23 others.
    (AP, 8/15/15)

2015        Aug 16, Indian and Pakistani troops traded heavy gunfire and mortar rounds for a seventh straight day along the highly militarized line of control in Kashmir. Indian police said 6 civilians had died in the Pakistani shelling over the last two days. Pakistan's army said that 2 civilians had been killed.
    (AP, 8/16/15)

2015        Aug 18, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir suspected rebels opened fire at a police post, killing a police constable and a civilian.
    (AP, 8/18/15)

2015        Aug 19, In Kashmir border guards from Pakistan and India continued trading fire in violence that killed two Pakistani villagers.
    (AP, 8/19/15)

2015        Aug 27, The Indian army killed 4 insurgents and captured another during a 12-hour clash near the disputed border with Pakistan in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir.
    (AP, 8/27/15)

2015        Aug 28, In Kashmir Indian and Pakistani border guards traded gunfire and shelling overnight, leaving 9 civilians dead and another 63 wounded.
    (AP, 8/28/15)

2015        Sep 11, Indian and Pakistani border forces agreed to maintain restraint on their disputed Kashmir frontier, as they sought to defuse tensions that have been heightened in recent months by militant attacks that each side blames the other for.
    (Reuters, 9/11/15)

2015        Sep 14, In Indian-controlled Kashmir the bullet-riddled bodies of three local men bearing torture marks were found in the Sopore region, leading to days of protests and clashes between Kashmiris and government forces.
    (AP, 9/19/15)

2015        Sep 15, Pakistan's military accused neighboring India of killing a Pakistani soldier by resorting to what it called "unprovoked firing" in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 9/15/15)

2015        Sep 18, In Indian-controlled Kashmir gunmen first threw a grenade, and when that didn't explode they sprayed bullets at Bashir Ahmed, himself a former militant, outside his home as he was carrying his son. Ahmed died right away. His son (3) died the next day.
    (AP, 9/19/15)

2015        Sep 19, In Indian-controlled Kashmir villagers discovered the bullet-riddled body of a militant in an orchard in Indian Kashmir's Tangmarg area.
    (AP, 9/19/15)

2015        Sep 25, In the Indian portion of Kashmir government forces fired tear gas and used batons to quell thousands of anti-India protesters who turned violent after Eid prayers in various mosques.
    (AP, 9/25/15)

2015        Oct 5, In Kashmir 4 Indian army soldiers and three suspected rebels were killed in separate clashes in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 10/5/15)   

2015        Oct 7, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected rebels gunned down police sub-inspector Mohammed Altaf, known for his successful counterinsurgency operations.
    (AP, 10/8/15)   

2015        Oct 19, A general strike and curfew shut Indian-controlled Kashmir following the death of a Muslim teenager attacked by a Hindu mob over rumors of cows being slaughtered. Zahid Rasool and another truck driver had been set ablaze by a mob after their vehicle stopped in the Hindu-dominated Udhampur neighborhood. Rasool died a day earlier from burns suffered in the attack.
    (AP, 10/19/15)

2015        Oct 23, India accused Pakistan of a cease-fire violation in Kashmir in which one Indian civilian was killed and another was wounded.
    (AP, 10/23/15)

2015        Nov 2, In Kashmir 2 Indian army soldiers were reported killed by Pakistani firing along the militarized de facto border dividing Kashmir between the two countries.
    (AP, 11/2/15)

2015        Nov 4, Indian police said authorities have detained key separatist leaders and hundreds of their supporters to prevent them from holding a protest rally during a visit by PM Narendra Modi to Kashmir this weekend.
    (AP, 11/4/15)

2015        Nov 17, An Indian army colonel was killed by suspected militants who fired automatic rifles from the forest in the Indian portion of Kashmir.
    (AP, 11/17/15)

2015        Nov 25, In the Indian portion of Kashmir 3 heavily armed rebels stormed an army camp and were killed in a fierce gunbattle with soldiers. A civilian was also killed.
    (AP, 11/25/15)(SFC, 11/26/15, p.A4)

2015        Dec 9, India and Pakistan announced that they were resuming the dialogue on outstanding issues, ending a two-year-long stalemate. A regional conference held in Pakistan ended with calls for the resumption of Afghan peace negotiations and an agreement by Islamabad and New Delhi to relaunch bilateral talks that broke down in August over tensions in Kashmir.
    (AP, 12/9/15)(SSFC, 12/13/15, p.A25)

2016        Jan 7, In India Mufti Mohammed Sayeed (79), a top elected pro-India leader of Kashmir, died in a New Delhi hospital of pneumonia. He tried to win over insurgent groups in the troubled region.
    (AP, 1/7/16)

2016        Jan 12, Clashes erupted in Indian-controlled Kashmir as police fired tear gas to stop thousands of people from marching in a funeral procession of a rebel commander killed in a clash with government forces.
    (AP, 1/12/16)

2016        Jan 15, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir a bus fell from a mountainous road into a deep gorge, killing at least 11 people and injuring 20 others.
    (AP, 1/15/16)

2016        Jan 20, In Indian-controlled Kashmir clashes between police and protesters erupted, leaving a man dead and two others wounded. The protesters were angry that Indian government forces had killed a suspected rebel in a gunbattle after they had surrounded the village of Naina on a tip that anti-India militants were hiding there.
    (AP, 1/20/16)

2016        Feb 3, An avalanche hit the Siachen Glacier in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir early today, trapping 10 Indian army soldiers in the snow. On Feb 8 soldier Hanamanthappa Koppad was found conscious and disoriented as the bodies of 9 others were recovered. Koppad died of his injuries on Feb 11.
    (AP, 2/3/16)(AP, 2/9/16)(Reuters, 2/11/16)

2016        Feb 11, Indian authorities detained dozens of Kashmiri activists and placed separatist leaders under house arrest to prevent them from holding anti-India protests to mark the anniversary of a top separatist leader's hanging more than three decades ago.
    (AP, 2/11/16)

2016        Feb 13, Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir 5 suspected rebels and two soldiers were killed in a fierce gunbattle in the northern Kupwara region.
    (AP, 2/13/16)

2016        Feb 14, In Indian-controlled Kashmir 2 students were killed during an anti-India protest that followed the killing of a local rebel in a gunbattle with government forces in southern Kakpora village.
    (AP, 2/15/16)

2016        Feb 15, Authorities imposed a curfew in some parts of Indian-controlled Kashmir amid a general strike called by separatist groups to protest the killing of a teenage boy and a young woman during a protest against Indian rule.
    (AP, 2/15/16)

2016        Feb 20, Islamic militants fired automatic rifles at a convoy of Indian paramilitary soldiers in the Indian portion of Kashmir, killing two and wounding 10 others before taking refuge in a nearby government building.
    (AP, 2/20/16)

2016        Feb 21, In Indian Kashmir a second soldier was killed in a continuing gunbattle between militants and troops and police, taking the overall death toll in the day-long clashes to five.
    (AFP, 2/21/16)

2016        Feb 22, Indian security forces battled for a third day amid heavy gunfire to clear militants who stormed a government building in the disputed Kashmir region and killed six people.
    (Reuters, 2/22/16)

2016        Mar 3, Three Kashmiri rebels were killed in a gunbattle with government forces as they tried to break through a security cordon in Kashmir.
    (AP, 3/3/16)

2016        Apr 4, Mehbooba Mufti, the leader of a pro-India party became the first woman to become the chief minister of Indian-controlled Kashmir following the death of her father, the region's top elected leader.
    (AP, 4/4/16)

2016        Apr 12, In Kashmir 2 young men were killed in firing by Indian government forces at rock-throwing protesters, who were demanding the arrest of an Indian soldier for assaulting a girl (16) in a restroom.
    (AP, 4/12/16)(Econ, 4/16/16, p.33)

2016        Apr 13, Indian authorities imposed a curfew in parts of Kashmir to stop fresh anti-India demonstrations following the killings of four people by Indian troops and a general strike called by separatists.
    (AP, 4/13/16)

2016        May 26, In Kashmir 3 militants were killed after they were intercepted as they entered the Indian side from Pakistani Kashmir.
    (AP, 5/27/16)

2016        May 27, In Kashmir an Indian soldier and a militant were killed. Two other rebels were killed in western Khonshipora village after soldiers and police launched a joint operation on a specific tip, leading to exchange of gunfire.
    (AP, 5/27/16)

2016        Jun 3, Rebels in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir ambushed a convoy of Indian paramilitary soldiers in a busy market, killing at least 3 and injuring three others.
    (AP, 6/3/16)

2016        Jun 16, In Kashmir 4 militants who had crossed into the Indian-controlled side from the Pakistani side were killed in fierce fighting that also left one soldier dead in the Tangdhar sector.
    (AP, 6/16/16)

2016        Jun 25, In the Indian portion of Kashmir four suspected rebels killed at least 8 Indian paramilitary soldiers and wounded another 20 in an ambush of their convoy on a highway. Two of the attackers were killed and two escaped.
    (AP, 6/25/16)(SSFC, 6/26/16, p.A5)

2016        Jun 30, In Kashmir Indian forces killed two suspected rebels in a clash, and dispersed hundreds of protesters who took to the streets to show their solidarity with the rebels in the southern Pulwama area.
    (AP, 6/30/16)

2016        Jul 8, Indian security services Jammu and Kashmir state shot dead Burhan Wani (22), a militant known for his calls to arms on social media and leader of Hizb-ul Mujahideen, one of a number of groups fighting Indian control of the Muslim-majority region.
    (Reuters, 7/9/16)

2016        Jul 9, In India’s Jammu and Kashmir state at least 9 protesters died as crowds angered by the killing of a separatist militant clashed with armed police, torching buildings and blocking streets. Over 20,000 people had gathered for the funeral of Burhan Wani, killed a day earlier.
    (AP, 7/9/16)(Econ, 7/16/16, p.33)

2016        Jul 10, The death toll in India's northern Jammu and Kashmir state rose to 20 as clashes between Indian troops and protesters killed 4 protesters and a police officer, despite a curfew imposed in the to suppress anti-India anger following the killing of a popular rebel commander.
    (Reuters, 7/10/16)

2016        Jul 11, Indian authorities struggled to contain street protests by Kashmiris defying patrols and a stringent curfew after at least 25 people died in clashes that followed the killing of a top rebel leader.
    (AP, 7/11/16)

2016        Jul 12, India's PM Narendra Modi called an emergency meeting over escalating anti-India protests in Kashmir, where at least 29 people have died in clashes and hospitals are struggling with hundreds of injured.
    (AP, 7/12/16)

2016        Jul 15, In Kashmir widespread anti-India protests and clashes erupted in dozens of places, even as authorities prevented tens of thousands of people from offering prayers in big mosques with a lockdown in place for a seventh straight day.
    (AP, 7/15/16)

2016        Jul 17, Authorities in India's portion of Kashmir shut down printing presses and temporarily banned newspapers from publishing in a sweeping information blackout after days of anti-India protests left dozens of people dead in the volatile region. A strict curfew continued for the ninth straight day.
    (AP, 7/17/16)

2016        Jul 19, Authorities lifted a three-day publication ban in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir, but newspapers delayed print runs due to uncertainties about the media restrictions.
    (AP, 7/19/16)

2016        Jul 20, Government forces in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir removed dozens of black and Pakistani flags hoisted by residents observing a "black day" to protest the killing of a top rebel leader.
    (AP, 7/20/16)

2016        Jul 22, Two more people died in Indian-controlled Kashmir, as anti-India protests and clashes with government forces persisted despite a strict curfew in place for a 14th straight day.
    (AP, 7/22/16)
2016        Jul 22, Pakistan's PM Nawaz Sharif pledged an "era of development" in Pakistan-controlled Kashmir after his party won 31 of 41 seats in the local legislative assembly. Sharif urged a crowd of supporters in Muzaffarabad, the capital of Pakistan-held Kashmir, not to forget the sacrifices of people living in the Indian-controlled side.
    (AP, 7/22/16)

2016        Jul 29, In Indian-controlled Kashmir authorities re-imposed a curfew to prevent a protest march to the main mosque in Srinagar, but fresh street demonstrations and clashes still occurred at more than two dozen places amid outrage over the killing of a top rebel leader earlier this month.
    (AP, 7/29/16)

2016        Jul 30, India's army said that two rebels and two soldiers were killed in an overnight gunbattle close to the cease-fire line dividing Kashmir between India and Pakistan, as a curfew continued to be enforced in parts of Indian-held Kashmir.
    (AP, 7/30/16)   

2016        Aug 3, In Indian-controlled Kashmir tens of thousands of people rallied to protest the overnight killings of two civilians by government forces amid a nearly monthlong security lockdown.
    (AP, 8/3/16)

2016        Aug 5, Authorities in Indian-controlled Kashmir extended a curfew to most of the disputed Himalayan region in an attempt to prevent an anti-India protest march to a prominent shrine. Clashes erupted with 2 men killed and at least 100 civilians injured.
    (AP, 8/5/16)

2016        Aug 13, Authorities in Indian-controlled Kashmir extended a strict curfew to most parts of the restive region as separatist leaders called for weekend protests against Indian rule.
    (AP, 8/13/16)

2016        Aug 15, In Indian-controlled Kashmir at least one paramilitary soldier and four suspected rebels were killed in a series of gunbattles despite a security lockdown in the disputed region, as India celebrated the anniversary of its independence from British rule. Ten government troops were also wounded.
    (AP, 8/15/16)

2016        Aug 16, Government forces in Indian-controlled Kashmir shot and killed four civilians and injured at least 15 others as clashes intensified with anti-India protesters in the troubled region.
    (AP, 8/16/16)

2016        Aug 17, Militants ambushed an Indian military convoy in Kashmir, killing three personnel, in an escalation of violence that officials have blamed on separatist protests that have tied down security forces for more than a month. Army soldiers and counterinsurgency police officers raided Khrew village late today and took Shabir Ahmed and around 30 other people into custody. The body of Ahmed, a young college teacher, was returned to his family early the next day.
    (Reuters, 8/17/16)(AP, 8/18/16)

2016        Aug 21, Indian army soldiers killed 3 suspected rebels near the heavily militarized line of control that divides Kashmir between India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 8/21/16)

2016        Aug 23, Government forces in Indian-controlled Kashmir fired bullets and shotgun pellets to break up protests demanding an end to Indian rule in the disputed region, injuring at least 14 people.
    (AP, 8/23/16)

2016        Aug 24, Indian government forces fired shotguns and tear gas in India's portion of Kashmir to break up new protests demanding an end to Indian rule in the disputed region, killing a young man and wounding dozens of other people.
    (AP, 8/24/16)

2016        Aug 26, Police in India's portion of Kashmir arrested Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, one of the key separatist leaders spearheading protests against Indian rule. Farooq, already under house arrest, was locked up in a government facility in Srinagar. A young man was killed and dozens of civilians were wounded when Indian government forces fired bullets and shotguns to quell unrest in over a dozen places including Srinagar.
    (AP, 8/27/16)(SFC, 8/27/16, p.A2)

2016        Aug 29, Kashmir authorities lifted a curfew imposed in most parts of Indian-controlled Kashmir as part of a 52-day security lockdown, but reimposed it later in the day in most of Srinagar, the region's main city, after anti-India protests and clashes erupted in several neighborhoods.
    (AP, 8/29/16)

2016        Aug 31, In Kashmir protests against Indian rule erupted at many places after authorities lifted a curfew throughout the disputed region for the first time in 54 days. A young man was killed and several others were injured in clashes between rock-throwing protesters and government forces.
    (AP, 8/31/16)

2016        Sep 4, In the Indian portion of Kashmir around 100 people were injured as Indian government forces fired tear gas and shotgun pellets to quell thousands of protesters who pelted rocks and burned a government office.
    (AP, 9/4/16)

2016        Sep 13, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir two anti-India protesters were killed and scores were injured in clashes with security forces.
    (AP, 9/13/16)

2016        Sep 15, India detained Khurram Parvez (39), a leading Kashmiri human rights activist, a day after it stopped him from boarding a flight to attend a UN Human Rights Council meeting in Geneva. Parvez has spoken out against the use of force in an ongoing security crackdown.
    (Reuters, 9/16/16)
2016        Sep 15, In India Tariq Hameed Karra, a founding member of the People's Democratic Party, resigned from India's Parliament and from his regional party to protest a government crackdown in Kashmir that prevented people from offering Eid prayers for the first time in the troubled region.
    (AP, 9/15/16)

2016        Sep 18, In Kashmir a separatist attack on an army base in Uri near the disputed frontier killed 18 soldiers. 4 rebels were killed as the soldiers returned fire. India accused Pakistan of being behind the attack.
    (Reuters, 9/18/16)(SFC, 919/16, p.A4)(AP, 9/24/16)

2016        Sep 20, Indian soldiers battled two groups of suspected militants along the highly militarized de facto border dividing the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir between India and Pakistan, leaving one soldier dead. Indian soldiers killed 8 people trying to cross the disputed border.
    (AP, 9/20/16)(Reuters, 9/20/16)

2016        Sep 23, In Kashmir one person was killed and dozens of others wounded when Indian government forces fired live ammunition and shotgun pellets to stop protests against Indian rule in the disputed region.
    (AP, 9/23/16)
2016        Sep 23, In Pakistan’s part of Kashmir a speeding bus plunged into a fast-flowing river killing at least 24 passengers.
    (AP, 9/24/16)

2016        Sep 29, Indian commandos carried out a series of lightning strikes along the de facto border with Pakistan in Kashmir, provoking furious charges of "naked aggression" from its nuclear-armed neighbor. Pakistan said two of its soldiers had been killed and nine more wounded in what it described as small arms fire. Pakistan said eight Indian soldiers died and that one was captured.
    (AFP, 9/29/16)(AP, 9/30/16)

2016        Oct 3, Indian and Pakistani troops fired at each other in disputed Kashmir, as Indian troops searched an army camp elsewhere in the region where suspected militants killed an Indian paramilitary soldier.
    (AP, 10/3/16)

2016        Oct 6, Indian soldiers shot dead seven suspected militants who tried to attack two army bases in northern Kashmir, prompting anger from Pakistan as a crisis between the two neighbors over the disputed region grows.
    (Reuters, 10/6/16)

2016        Oct 19, In Kashmir firing by Indian troops along the Line of Control, a ceasefire violation, killed one Pakistani and wounded 12.
    (AP, 10/20/16)

2016        Oct 23, In Kashmir shelling across the border between India and Pakistan killed two Pakistani civilians, an Indian soldier and a boy.
    (Reuters, 10/24/16)

2016        Oct 28, In Kashmir soldiers from India and Pakistan continued to shell villages and border posts. An Indian paramilitary officer said a civilian and a soldier were killed by Pakistani firing.
    (AP, 10/28/16)

2016        Oct 29, In Kashmir two Indian soldiers were killed in fighting with Pakistani soldiers and suspected militants along the volatile frontier.
    (AP, 10/29/16)

2016        Nov 5, In Indian-controlled Kashmir at least 30 people were injured after government forces fired shotgun pellets and tear gas as a funeral procession for a teenager turned into a protest against Indian rule.
    (AP, 11/5/16)

2016        Nov 6, The Indian army said Pakistani shelling killed two of its soldiers at posts along the border of Indian-administered Kashmir. Five others including three civilians were injured.
    (Reuters, 11/6/16)

2016        Nov 7, Pakistani officials said Indian troops have opened fire across the Line of Control in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, killing three civilians and wounding six others as Indian and Pakistani troops continue to trade heavy fire.
    (AP, 11/7/16)

2016        Nov 14, Pakistan’s military said Indian troops fired on its soldiers in Kashmir killing seven and prompting return fire.
    (SFC, 11/15/16, p.A2)

2016        Nov 19, Pakistan's military announced that it has shot down a small Indian drone after it allegedly trespassed into the country's part of Kashmir amid daylong cross-border firing that killed four villagers, including two sisters and their brother.
    (AP, 11/19/16)

2016        Nov 21, Pakistan's military said Indian shelling has targeted several villages in Kashmir, killing four civilians and wounding 10.
    (AP, 11/21/16)

2016        Nov 22, Three Indian soldiers were killed along the highly militarized de facto border that divides the disputed region of Kashmir between India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 11/22/16)

2016        Nov 23, Indian troops fired on a Pakistani passenger bus in Kashmir, killing 10 civilians in one of the deadliest incidents in weeks of violence in the disputed region.
    (AP, 11/23/16)

2016        Nov 25, Rebels fighting against Indian rule in Kashmir ambushed a police patrol, killing two officers. Two militants and an Indian soldier died in a separate gunfight in the disputed region.
    (AP, 11/25/16)

2016        Nov 29, In northern India militants attacked an army base near the city of Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir state, killing at least seven security personnel and taking hostages in the boldest assault on a military base in the region in recent months. Three militants were also reported killed in the gunbattle. In another part of Kashmir Indian border forces exchanged fire with three suspected militants from Pakistan. All three were killed.
    (Reuters, 11/29/16)(SFC, 11/30/16, p.A2)

2016        Nov 30, Authorities in Indian-controlled Kashmir released prominent human rights activist Khurram Parvez (39) from prison after a court in the disputed region ruled that his 76-day detention under a controversial security law was illegal.
    (AP, 11/30/16)

2016        Dec 8, In Kashmir at least one civilian was killed and dozens of others injured in protests against Indian rule that erupted following a gunbattle between rebels and government forces.
    (AP, 12/8/16)

2016        Dec 17, In Kashmir militants attacked an Indian army convoy, killing 3 soldiers.
    (Reuters, 12/17/16)

2017        Jan 26, In Kashmir two separate avalanches buried a military post and swept away a patrol in Gurez, burying a total of 21 Indian soldiers. Seven soldiers were rescued. Over the next two days the remaining 14 bodies were recovered. Five of the rescued soldiers died on Jan 30.
    (AP, 1/27/17)(SFC, 1/28/17, p.A2)(AP, 1/30/17)

2017        Feb 12, In Kashmir a protester was killed and dozens of others wounded as government forces fired at demonstrators demanding an end to Indian rule following a gunbattle that killed four suspected rebels, two soldiers and a civilian.
    (AP, 2/12/17)

2017        Feb 14, In northern Kashmir four Indian soldiers and four militants were killed in gunbattles in Bandipora district, in the second outbreak of violence between security forces and separatists in three days.
    (Reuters, 2/14/17)

2017        Feb 23, In the disputed region of Kashmir three Indian soldiers and a woman were killed when rebels ambushed soldiers in the southern Shopian area.
    (AP, 2/23/17)

2017        Mar 5, Anti-India protests erupted in Indian-controlled Kashmir following a fierce gunbattle in which two rebels and a counterinsurgency policeman were killed.
    (AP, 3/5/17)

2017        Mar 28, In Kashmir three civilians were killed and 28 other people were injured in anti-India protests that erupted following a gunbattle between rebels and government forces that killed a rebel.
    (AP, 3/28/17)   

2017        Apr 2, Indian PM Narendra Modi inaugurated an 11-km (7-mile) tunnel through the Himalayan terrain to help ease travel on a highway linking the troubled Kashmir Valley with the rest of India. Separatist leaders fighting for the region's independence from India or its merger with neighboring Pakistan shut businesses and public transport in the region and said the construction of tunnels and roads would not succeed in appeasing them.
    (AP, 4/2/17)

2017        Apr 9, In the Indian-controlled part of Kashmir six people were killed and more than 100 injured when police clashed with protesters during a by-election in Srinagar.
    (Reuters, 4/9/17)

2017        Apr 10, In Kashmir four suspected rebels were killed overnight in fighting with the Indian army, as businesses and schools shut in the disputed region in response to a separatists' call to protest the killing of eight civilians by government forces during a weekend by-election.
    (AP, 4/9/17)

2017        Apr 17, In Kashmir at least 100 students were injured in anti-India protests and clashes with government forces in Srinagar. The students took to the streets to protest a police raid in a college in southern Pulwama town April 15, in which at least 50 students were injured.
    (AP, 4/17/17)

2017        Apr 24, In Kashmir anti-India protests triggered clashes between students and government forces, as authorities reopened schools after a weeklong suspension of classes.
    (AP, 4/24/17)

2017        Apr 27, In Kashmir a 70-year-old civilian was killed and seven people were injured during an anti-India protest that erupted following a gunbattle that killed three Indian soldiers and two suspected rebels. Authorities have banned 22 social media sites in an effort to calm tensions in the disputed region after videos depicting the alleged abuse of Kashmiris by Indian forces fueled protests. But the sites remained online as the local telecom company struggled to block them.
    (AP, 4/27/17)

2017        May 1, In Kashmir militants fighting Indian rule ambushed a van carrying cash for the state-run Jammu and Kashmir Bank, killing five policemen and two bank officials. India's army accused Pakistani troops of killing two of its soldiers paroling the de facto border in the disputed Kashmir region before mutilating their bodies, and vowed to exact revenge. Pakistan's military denied the allegations.
    (Reuters, 5/1/17)

2017        May 4, Thousands of Indian government forces cordoned off at least two dozen villages in southern Kashmir while they hunted for separatist militants believed to be hiding in the area, but called off the operation after about 10 hours without finding any.
    (AP, 5/4/17)

2017        May 6, In the Indian portion of Kashmir rebels attacked a police squad late today, triggering a gunbattle that left three civilians, one officer and an assailant dead.
    (AP, 5/7/17)

2017        May 9, Kashmiri militants kidnapped an Indian army officer (23) who was visiting home in the disputed Himalayan region. His bullet-riddled body was recovered the next morning.
    (AP, 5/10/17)

2017        May 11, In Kashmir two civilians were killed and three others injured when Indian and Pakistani soldiers traded gunfire and shelled each other's border posts in the disputed region.
    (AP, 5/11/17)

2017        May 13, In Kashmir Indian and Pakistani troops traded fire, killing two civilians and wounding six others.
    (AP, 5/13/17)

2017        May 23, India said it had attacked and damaged Pakistani army posts in Kashmir as it sought to prevent militants infiltrating from the Pakistani side of the disputed region, but Pakistan denied the assertion.
    (Reuters, 5/23/17)

2017        May 27, In Indian-controlled Kashmir one civilian was killed and dozens of others injured after massive anti-India protests and clashes erupted following the killing of a prominent rebel commander and his associate in a gunbattle with government forces. Rebel leader Sabzar Ahmed Bhat and a fellow militant were killed after troops cordoned off the southern Tral area overnight following a tip that rebels were hiding there.
    (AP, 5/27/17)

2017        May 28, Government forces enforced a strict curfew in parts of Indian-controlled Kashmir, a day after the killing of a prominent rebel commander by Indian soldiers sparked massive protests in the disputed region.
    (AP, 5/28/17)

2017        Jun 1, India's troops fired mortars and used small arms to target civilians in border towns in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, killing a villager. Another four civilians were wounded in the shelling, which the Pakistani military said was in violation of a cease-fire agreement. Pakistani troops returned fire.
    (AP, 6/1/17)

2017        Jun 3, The Pakistani military said its troops had killed five Indian soldiers in retaliation to Indian firing along the Line of Control in disputed Kashmir. The Indian army said two of its soldiers were killed in an ambush by suspected insurgents.
    (Reuters, 6/3/17)(AP, 6/3/17)

2017        Jun 10, The Indian army said it has foiled infiltration bids by suspected militants from the Pakistani side along a heavily militarized de facto border dividing Kashmir between the two countries and killed six intruders over the 24 hours.
    (AP, 6/10/17)

2017        Jun 12, Indian and Pakistani troops traded fire in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, killing two civilians and wounding three others on the Pakistani side.
    (AP, 6/12/17)

2017        Jun 15, In Kashmir two police officers were killed in two separate shootings by suspected rebels in Srinagar and in the southern Kulgam area.
    (AP, 6/16/17)

2017        Jun 16, In Indian-controlled Kashmir five police were killed when rebels fighting against Indian rule ambushed a police vehicle. Two civilians were also killed and several others injured in clashes that erupted during a gunbattle between rebels and government forces in the disputed region.
    (AP, 6/16/17)

2017        Jun 22, In Kashmir government forces killed three suspected rebels in fighting in the disputed region and fatally shot a rock-throwing protester during an ensuing rally demanding an end to Indian rule.
    (AP, 6/22/17)

2017        Jun 23, A police officer in Indian-controlled Kashmir was been beaten to death early today by a crowd outside the main mosque in Srinagar. Worshippers had spotted the policeman, Mohammed Ayub Pandit, at the mosque in plainclothes, taking photographs of people leaving shortly after midnight.
    (Reuters, 6/23/17)

2017        Jun 24, In Kashmir insurgents attacked a paramilitary patrol vehicle with gunfire on a key highway connecting the Kashmir Valley to the rest of India. They were killed in gunbattles that raged until late the next day.
    (AP, 6/25/17)

2017        Jun 25, In Kashmir Indian security forces put an outskirt of Srinagar under security lockdown as they battled two rebels who took shelter in a school building after killing one paramilitary officer and wounding another soldier.
    (AP, 6/25/17)
2017        Jun 25, In the Indian portion of Kashmir four Indian tourists and three local residents died when a cable car came crashing down from a height of at least 30 meters (100 feet) in the tourist town of Gulmarg.
    (AP, 6/25/17)

2017        Jun 27, Pakistan strongly criticized the US decision to impose sanctions on Syed Salahuddin, senior leader of the Kashmiri militant group Hizb-ul-Mujahideen.
    (AFP, 6/27/17)

2017        Jul 1, Indian security forces shot dead Bashir Ahmad, alias Bashir Lashkari, a top Islamist militant during a seven-hour gun battle in Dialgam, in the disputed Kashmir region. He was accused of killing six police officers last month. Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) militant Azad Malik was also killed as well as a woman caught in the crossfire. A young man was killed and several other people injured during anti-India protests that followed.
    (Reuters, 7/1/17)

2017        Jul 8, In Kashmir seven people were killed in cross-border shelling by both Pakistan and India as hundreds of militants and political activists took to the streets in Pakistan-controlled Kashmir to commemorate the 2016 death of Burhan Wani.
    (Reuters, 7/8/17)

2017        Jul 10, In Kashmir gunmen sprayed bullets on a passenger bus as it returned Hindu pilgrims from the Amarnath cave shrine in Indian-controlled Kashmir. Seven Hindu pilgrims were killed and 19 wounded.
    (AP, 7/12/17)(SFC, 7/12/17, p.A2)

2017        Jul 12, In Kashmir government forces fired shotgun pellets and tear gas in Srinagar as residents carried the body of a young rebel killed with two other militants during a gunbattle with Indian troops in the disputed region. A gunbattle lasted through the night and the three rebels were killed.
    (AP, 7/12/17)

2017        Jul 16, In Indian Kashmir at least 16 Hindu pilgrims were killed and 27 injured after a bus they were traveling in skidded off a mountain road and fell into a gorge.
    (Reuters, 7/16/17)

2017        Jul 17, In Kashmir four Pakistani soldiers, one Indian soldier and a child were killed as Indian and Pakistani troops traded fire across a cease-fire line dividing the troubled region between the two countries.
    (AP, 7/17/17)

2017        Jul 21, Indian soldiers fired at worshippers outside a mosque in disputed Kashmir, killing one man and wounding another after some threw rocks. Residents said only a few rocks were thrown and none hit any soldier.
    (AP, 7/22/17)

2017        Jul 27, An al-Qaida-linked propaganda network said Kashmiri militant Zakit Musa will head Ansar Ghawzat-ul-Hind to challenge India’s rule over Kashmir.
    (SFC, 7/28/17, p.A2)

2017        Aug 1, Indian forces killed Abu Dujana, a top militant commander in Kashmir, triggering clashes in which one protester was killed and dozens injured. Large anti-India protests and clashes spearheaded mostly by students erupted in disputed Kashmir after government forces killed two senior militants in a gunbattle and fatally shot a protester during an ensuing demonstration demanding an end to Indian rule.
    (AFP, 8/1/17)(AP, 8/1/17)

2017        Aug 2, In Kashmir a fresh strike called by anti-India separatists to protest the killings of two top rebels and a civilian shut down the disputed region while Akeel Ahmed Bhat, a teenage boy, died a day after he was wounded by government forces.
    (AP, 8/2/17)

2017        Aug 3, In Kashmir a pair of ambushes by Indian government forces and Kashmiri rebels killed two soldiers and two militants in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 8/3/17)

2017        Aug 5, In Kashmir a gunbattle between Indian troops and Kashmiri rebels killed three insurgents in the disputed Himalayan region and triggered a new round of anti-India protests and clashes.
    (AP, 8/5/17)

2017        Aug 9, In Kashmir a teenage boy was killed during anti-India protests following a gunbattle that killed three rebels near Tral town.
    (AP, 8/9/17)

2017        Aug 13, In south Kashmir two Indian soldiers and three militants were killed in a 12-hour overnight gunfight in the Shopian district.
    (Reuters, 8/13/17)

2017        Aug 16,  The United States said it had sanctioned Hizbul Mujahideen, the largest of the anti-Indian Kashmiri militant groups fighting in the Himalayan territory divided between Pakistan and India.
    (Reuters, 8/16/17)

2017        Aug 26, In Kashmir four police officials, four paramilitary soldiers and two suspected militants were killed after anti-India rebels stormed a heavily guarded police camp in the disputed Himalayan region, triggering daylong fighting.
    (AP, 8/26/17)

2017        Sep 21, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected rebels lobbed a grenade at a motorcade of a local government minister, killing three civilians and wounding 30 others.
    (AP, 9/21/17)

2017        Sep 22, Pakistan's military said at least six Pakistani villagers were killed and 26 were wounded in an overnight attack by India in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, adding that hundreds of villagers were forced to move to safer places.
    (AP, 9/22/17)

2017        Sep 23, Indian troops, according to Pakistan, fired across the Line of Control in the disputed Kashmir region, killing a young girl and wounding two other people.
    (AP, 9/24/17)

2017        Sep 27, Pakistan's army said Indian troops have fired across the frontier in the disputed region of Kashmir, killing a young man and wounding four people.
    (AP, 9/27/17)

2017        Sep 29, Indian troops with heavy weapons reportedly targeted civilians from across the frontier in the disputed region of Kashmir, killing two villagers and a Pakistani soldier.
    (AP, 9/30/17)

2017        Oct 2, In Kashmir Indian and Pakistani troops fired at each other, killing a boy (10) and a girl (15) and injuring 12 other civilians on the Indian side.
    (AP, 10/2/17)

2017        Oct 3, In Kashmir Indian police killed three suspected militants in army uniforms after they infiltrated a security camp beside the main airport in the disputed region. One Indian security official was killed and three wounded in a gun fight that followed. Islamist group Jaish-e-Mohammad took responsibility for the attack.
    (Reuters, 10/3/17)

2017        Oct 11, In Kashmir two Indian air force commandos and two rebels were killed in a fierce gunbattle following an anti-militant operation in northern Hajin town.
    (AP, 10/11/17)

2017        Oct 14, In Kashmir a young man was killed during anti-India protests following a gunbattle that killed two rebels. Indian troops had cordoned off southern Litter village on a tip that militants were hiding in a civilian home. Later in the day a police officer was killed and another injured after rebels sprayed gunfire at two police vehicles passing through the southern Kulgam area. The next day Pakistan said Indian fire across the Line of Control in the disputed Kashmir region had killed two children.
    (AP, 10/14/17)(AP, 10/15/17)

2017        Oct 25, It was reported that women in Kashmir over the past month have reported over 100 cases of masked men chopping off their hair.
    (SFC, 10/25/17, p.A4)

2017        Nov 7, In disputed Kashmir three militants and an Indian army soldier were killed in a gunbattle in southern Aglar village following a tip that militants were hiding there.
    (AP, 11/7/17)

2017        Nov 18, In disputed Kashmir at least five suspected militants and an Indian air force commando were killed in a fierce gunbattle in northern Hajin village. Thousands of residents in Srinagar participated in the funeral of a local militant who police said was killed overnight in a shootout with troops.
    (AP, 11/18/17)

2017        Nov 21, In Kashmir at least three suspected rebels and an army commando were killed in two separate gunbattles in the northwestern area of Handwara and in the neighboring Kupwara area.
    (AP, 11/21/17)

2017        Nov 30, Officials in Indian-administered Kashmir said five suspected rebels were shot dead by government forces.
    (AFP, 11/30/17)

2017        Dec 10, In Kashmir French freelance journalist Paul Comiti was arrested in Srinagar. Police said Comiti held an Indian business visa which did not permit him to make a documentary on political or security-related issues.
    (Reuters, 12/11/17)

2017        Dec 19, In Kashmir a woman was killed during anti-India protests following a gunbattle that killed two rebels.
    (AP, 12/19/17)

2017        Dec 23, India officials said least four Indian soldiers were killed in Pakistani firing along the highly militarized de facto border that divides the disputed region of Kashmir between the nuclear-armed rivals.
    (AP, 12/23/17)

2017        Dec 31, Five Indian soldiers and three suspected militants were killed after rebels stormed a paramilitary camp in disputed Kashmir, triggering a daylong battle. Separately, Indian and Pakistani soldiers traded gunfire along the highly militarized line dividing Kashmir between the two rivals, killing an Indian soldier.
    (AP, 12/31/17)

2018        Jan 5, In Kashmir 13 people were swept away by three near-simultaneous avalanches at three places in a stretch of about 10 km (6 miles) on a mountainous road in Kupawara district. Two people were rescued. 11 bodies were recovered the next day.
    (AP, 1/6/18)

2018        Jan 6, In Kashmir four police officers were killed when rebels fighting against Indian rule detonated a bomb on a street the officers were patrolling.
    (AP, 1/6/18)

2018        Jan 9, In Kashmir a young man was killed, and two others wounded when government forces fired at anti-India protesters following a gunbattle that killed one militant.
    (AP, 1/9/18)

2018        Jan 15, In Kashmir four Pakistani soldiers were reported killed in shelling by Indian forces in the disputed region. Pakistan said its forces responded, killing three Indian soldiers and wounding several others. India's military said that Pakistani forces fired first and no casualties were recorded on the Indian side. India said its forces killed five members of a pro-Pakistan militant group trying to slip into Indian Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 1/15/18)

2018        Jan 19, In Kashmir tensions soared along the volatile frontier between India and Pakistan, as rival troops shelled villages and border posts for a third day. Officials in the two countries said 3 civilians and 2 soldiers were killed on both sides in the latest clash.
    (AP, 1/19/18)

2018        Jan 22, Indian and Pakistani soldiers again targeted each other's posts and villages along their volatile frontier in disputed Kashmir after a day's lull, killing at least one civilian and wounding three others. The recent flare-up has left 13 civilians and nine soldiers dead and dozens injured on the two sides.
    (AP, 1/22/18)

2018        Jan 27, Indian soldiers opened fire on protesters in the disputed region of Kashmir, killing two young men and wounding several others in southern Shopian.
    (AP, 1/27/18)

2018        Jan 28, In Indian-controlled Kashmir shops and businesses closed after separatists fighting against Indian rule called for a strike a day after soldiers shot and killed two young men in the disputed region.
    (AP, 1/28/18)

2018        Jan, In Indian-controlled Kashmir Asifa, a Muslim girl (8), was kidnapped. Her raped and mutilated body was found in the woods a week later. Police later said the attack had been planned for over a month as a way to terrify the Bakarwals, a Muslim community of nomadic herders, into leaving the area.
    (AP, 4/13/18)

2018        Feb 10, In Indian-controlled Kashmir two soldiers were killed and three others wounded as soldiers traded fire with armed militants who were holed up inside an army camp on the outskirts of the city of Jammu. Two militants were also killed.
    (AP, 2/10/18)(Reuters, 2/10/18)

2018        Feb 11, Kashmir officials said shooting between soldiers and militants holed up inside an army camp has left five soldiers and a civilian killed, as well as three militants, in a 2nd day of fighting in Jammu.
    (Reuters, 2/11/18)

2018        Feb 12, India's defense minister said gunmen belonging to the Pakistan-based militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed were behind a weekend attack on an army camp in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (AP, 2/12/18)
2018        Feb 12, In Indian-controlled Kashmir at least one paramilitary soldier was killed when two gunmen opened fire near a camp in Srinagar.
    (AP, 2/12/18)

2018        Feb 15, Pakistan's army accused neighboring Indian soldiers of targeting a school van from across the frontier in Kashmir, killing the driver, leaving the students "severely traumatized" and forcing local residents to flee to safety.
    (AP, 2/15/18)

2018        Feb 22, Pakistan’s foreign ministry said Indian troops have opened fire in the disputed Kashmir region, killing a laborer on the Pakistani side of the boundary.
    (AP, 2/22/18)

2018        Feb 24, India and Pakistan exchanged artillery fire in the disputed Kashmir region forcing hundreds of people to flee in the Uri area.
    (AP, 2/25/18)

2018        Mar 1, Pakistan said an "unprovoked" Indian attack killed two soldiers and a 70-year-old villager in the disputed Kashmir region.
    (AP, 3/1/18)

2018        Mar 5, In Kashmir tens of thousands of angry protesters poured into the streets of Shopian more than a dozen times, hurling rocks and shouting anti-India slogans after soldiers killed four civilians and two suspected militants. Government forces responded with tear gas.
    (AP, 3/5/18)

2018        Mar 12, In Kashmir a gunbattle between Indian troops and rebels killed three insurgents and triggered more anti-India protests and clashes.
    (AP, 3/12/18)

2018        Mar 16, In Kashmir Indian government forces killed two militants overnight who tried to snatch a guard's rifle. Protests against Indian rule and clashes erupted as word of the killings spread.
    (AP, 3/16/18)

2018        Mar 18, In Kashmir five members of an Indian family were killed and two injured by shelling from Pakistani troops in the Poonch region along the Line of Control, the de facto border between India and Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 3/18/18)(SFC, 3/19/18, p.A2)

2018        Mar 21, In Kashmir five Indian soldiers and five suspected militants were killed in a gun battle near the de facto border between India and Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 3/21/18)

2018        Mar 22, In Kashmir officials said government forces have ended a two-day operation against rebels fighting against Indian rule in which 10 combatants died.
    (AP, 3/22/18)

2018        Apr 1, In Kashmir at least four civilians were killed and dozens injured after massive anti-India protests erupted in several parts of the Indian-controlled territory amid fierce fighting between rebels and government forces that left at least 12 militants and three army soldiers dead.
    (AP, 4/1/18)

2018        Apr 2, A security clampdown and a strike sponsored by separatists fighting against Indian rule shut down most of Indian-administered Kashmir.
    (AP, 4/2/18)

2018        Apr 5, Students protesting Indian rule in disputed Kashmir clashed with government forces after authorities reopened schools following the killings of 13 rebels and five civilians. Government forces fired tear gas to stop students from marching at several colleges in Indian-controlled Kashmir's main city of Srinagar.
    (AP, 4/5/18)

2018        Apr 6, Hundreds of Pakistanis rallied across the country to denounce the recent killing of 18 people by Indian forces in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 4/6/18)

2018        Apr 7, A Pakistani government official says Indian troops have fired across the Line of Control in the disputed Kashmir region, killing a woman and wounding six others.
    (AP, 4/7/18)

2018        Apr 11, In Kashmir at least four men were killed when government forces fired on anti-India protesters who thronged Khudwani village where soldiers battled a group of militants. One soldier was also killed.
    (AP, 4/11/18)

2018        Apr 30, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a young man was killed and at least 14 others wounded when government forces fired at anti-India protesters who were trying to help rebels escape during a gunbattle. Two rebels were killed.
    (AP, 4/30/18)

2018        May 1, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected militants shot and killed three men overnight in the town of Baramulla. Police blamed the militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba.
    (AP, 5/1/18)

2018        May 5, Indian troops killed three suspected rebels during a gunbattle in Srinagar. Police blamed insurgents for killing three other men during a day of violence and protests in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (AP, 5/5/18)

2018        May 6, Indian soldiers shot dead five Kashmir militants including a rebel university teacher in a gunfight that triggered violent protests in which five civilians were killed. A top commander of Hizbul Mujahideen, a key rebel group, was also among the dead.
    (AFP, 5/6/18)

2018        May 7, India's Supreme Court ordered the trial of eight men accused of the January rape and murder of an eight-year-old girl to be moved from Kashmir to another state after her family and lawyer said they faced death threats.
    (Reuters, 5/7/18)

2018        May 8, In Kashmir an Indian tourist was killed overnight during a stone-throwing protest. A teenage boy who had been shot by Indian troops May 6 died in a hospital, triggering protests and clashes in his southern village.
    (AP, 5/8/18)

2018        May 13, In Pakistani-administered Kashmir an old wooden bridge over a fast-moving river in the Neelum Valley collapsed as dozens of students were taking pictures on it, leading to at least five deaths. Eleven students remained missing.
    (AP, 5/13/18)

2018        May 16, India announced that its troops will halt counterinsurgency operations in disputed Kashmir during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, its first such declaration in 18 years.
    (AP, 5/16/18)

2018        May 17, In Kashmir an Indian paramilitary soldier was killed by a Pakistani sniper late today, leading to cross-border firing and shelling at several forward posts. Eight civilians, including an Indian husband and wife and four members of a Pakistani family, were killed when Indian and Pakistani soldiers fired at border posts and villages along the highly militarized frontier.
    (AP, 5/18/18)

2018        May 19, Kashmir separatist leaders called for a shutdown as Indian PM Narendra Modi paid a daylong visit to review development work and inaugurate road projects.
    (AP, 5/19/18)

2018        May 23, In Kashmir Indian and Pakistani soldiers shelled dozens of villages and border posts for a sixth straight day. Officials said a total of six civilians and a soldier were killed on the two sides. The fighting followed days of confrontations that left four civilians on each side and two Indian soldiers dead.
    (AP, 5/23/18)

2018        May 26, In Kashmir at least four suspected militants were killed in a gunbattle with government troops after crossing into the Indian-controlled part of Kashmir from the Pakistani side of the disputed territory.
    (AP, 5/26/18)

2018        May 28, In Indian-administered Kashmir rebels attacked an Indian army camp and an armored vehicle overnight. A soldier and a civilian were killed and three soldiers were wounded.
    (AP, 5/28/18)

2018        May 29, Pakistan's military said that local generals using a special hotline have reached an understanding to stop trading artillery fire in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 5/30/18)

2018        Jun 1, In Kashmir an armored vehicle reportedly drove wildly into a crowd of anti-India protesters, slamming into a half-dozen people and crushing at least two men beneath its wheels, injuring them critically. One man died that night.
    (AP, 6/2/18)

2018        Jun 2, Government forces in Indian-controlled Kashmir fired shotgun pellets and tear gas at hundreds of mourners during a funeral march for a man killed when he was run over by a paramilitary vehicle during a protest.
    (AP, 6/2/18)

2018        Jun 3, Indian officials said two paramilitary soldiers were killed and eight civilians wounded today when Pakistani soldiers attacked dozens of forward posts along the highly militarized frontier in disputed Kashmir.
    (AP, 6/3/18)

2018        Jun 10, A group of militants sneaked into the Indian-controlled part of Kashmir from the Pakistani side of the disputed territory, sparking a gunbattle that left at least six suspected rebels dead.
    (AP, 6/10/18)

2018        Jun 13, Indian and Pakistani forces traded fire along the highly militarized frontier in disputed Kashmir after Pakistani firing killed at least four Indian paramilitary soldiers and injured three others on border patrol.
    (AP, 6/13/18)

2018        Jun 14, In Kashmir Syed Shujaat Bukhari, the editor of the Rising Kashmir newspaper, and his two police bodyguards were shot by assailants who fired at them in Srinagar. All three died of their wounds. On June 28 Indian police accused Pakistan-based militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba of the murder.
    (AP, 6/14/18)(Reuters, 6/28/18)

2018        Jun 16, In Kashmir at least one person was killed and about two dozen others wounded as protests against Indian rule followed by clashes erupted shortly after Eid prayers.
    (AP, 6/16/18)

2018        Jun 19, India's governing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) quit the ruling coalition in Jammu and Kashmir state and called for federal control over the disputed Himalayan region, citing a deterioration in security that could herald a new crackdown.
    (Reuters, 6/19/18)

2018        Jun 20, India's federal government took direct control of Kashmir state after the ruling Hindu nationalist party ended its long-troubled alliance there with a Kashmiri political party.
    (AP, 6/20/18)

2018        Jun 22, In Kashmir at least four rebels, a counterinsurgency police official and a civilian were killed during a gunbattle in the southern Srigufwara area.
    (AP, 6/22/18)

2018        Jul 7, In Kashmir two young men and a teenage girl were killed when government forces fired at anti-India protesters who disrupted a military-led operation against rebels.
    (AP, 7/7/18)

2018        Jul 8, In Kashmir police and soldiers fanned out across much of the Indian-controlled territory to enforce a security lockdown as separatists challenging Indian rule called for a shutdown and protests on the second anniversary of the killing of a charismatic rebel leader.
    (AP, 7/8/18)

2018        Jul 10, In Indian-controlled Kashmir government forces fired at protesters, killing a teenage boy and wounding at least 120 more who had been trying to reach the site of a gunbattle in which soldiers killed two rebels.
    (AP, 7/10/18)

2018        Jul 13, In Indian-controlled Kashmir three insurgents riding in a car fired at a patrol of Indian paramilitary soldiers at a marketplace, killing two in Achabal.
    (AP, 7/13/18)

2018        Jul 15, In Indian-controlled Kashmir at least seven people were killed and 22 others injured when a boulder rolled down from a mountain and fell on local tourists bathing at a waterfall in the Jammu region.
    (AP, 7/15/18)

2018        Jul 22, In Kashmir three rebels were killed in a gunbattle with Indian troops early today in southern Khudwani village.
    (AP, 7/22/18)

2018        Jul 24, In Kashmir a paramilitary soldier was killed and two others wounded in an attack by rebels fighting Indian rule.
    (AP, 7/24/18)

2018        Jul 25, In Kashmir government forces killed two rebels in a gunbattle, triggering protests and clashes by residents against Indian rule.
    (AP, 7/25/18)

2018        Aug 4, In Kashmir a young man was killed and two other people wounded when India's army fired at a funeral of a rebel in the suburbs of southern Shopian town.
    (AP, 8/4/18)

2018        Aug 29, In Kashmir rebels fighting against Indian rule ambushed a group of police officials and killed four of them. Separately, two Kashmiri rebels were killed in a gunfight with government forces, triggering clashes in which at least 40 people were injured.
    (AP, 8/29/18)

2018        Sep 14, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir a bus fell off a road into a deep gorge, killing 16 people and injuring 16 others.
    (AP, 9/14/18)

2018        Sep 15, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a young man was killed and more than a dozen other people were injured when government forces fired at anti-India protesters after soldiers killed five rebels in fighting.
    (AP, 9/15/18)

2018        Sep 19, Police in Indian-controlled Kashmir fired tear gas and used batons to break up religious processions marking the Muslim month of Muharram.
    (AP, 9/19/18)

2018        Sep 20, A Pakistani official said PM Imran Khan has written to his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi, seeking to resolve outstanding disputes between the two nuclear-armed nations, including the issue of the divided region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 9/20/18)

2018        Sep 21, In Kashmir nearly two dozen anti-India rebels stormed the homes in two southern villages, took away three off-duty officers and a fourth person who had resigned from the police days earlier. The three were shot dead and the former officer was released unharmed. Indian government forces killed five suspected militants, ending a two-day gunbattle in the northwestern Bandipora area.
    (AP, 9/21/18)
2018        Sep 21, India called off a planned meeting between its foreign minister and her Pakistani counterpart on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly session in New York this month following the killing of an Indian border guard in Kashmir and Pakistan's glorification of insurgents fighting Indian rule in the Himalayan territory.
    (AP, 9/21/18)

2018        Sep 24, India's army said five suspected militants and a soldier have been killed in two days of fighting near the highly militarized de facto frontier that divides the disputed region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 9/24/18)

2018        Sep 27, Anti-India protests and clashes erupted in several places in disputed Kashmir after Indian troops killed a young shepherd who was tending his sheep. An Indian soldier and three rebels were killed in two separate gunbattles.
    (AP, 9/27/18)

2018        Oct 6, In Indian-controlled Kashmir at least 20 people were killed and 16 others injured when an overcrowded minibus fell into a deep gorge along a mountainous road near southern Ramban town.
    (AP, 10/6/18)

2018        Oct 8, In Indian-controlled Kashmir the first phase of local council elections ended amid tight security and a separatist-sponsored shutdown.
    (AP, 10/8/18)

2018        Oct 11, Manan Wani, a Kashmiri scholar-turned rebel leader, and his colleague were killed in a gunbattle with Indian troops.
    (AP, 10/11/18)

2018        Oct 16, Local council elections ended in Indian-controlled Kashmir, with most voters staying away in Muslim-dominated areas of the disputed region. The overall voting percentage for all four phases in the Kashmir valley, the heartland of anti-India dissent, was less than 6 percent.
    (AP, 10/16/18)

2018        Oct 17, Anti-India protests and clashes erupted in the main city in disputed Kashmir after a gunbattle between militants and government forces killed at least two rebels.
    (AP, 10/17/18)

2018        Oct 21, In disputed Kashmir three local rebels were killed in a gunbattle with Indian government forces, and six civilians were killed in an explosion at the site after the fighting was over. 3 Indian army soldiers and two suspected militants were killed in a gunbattle along the militarized line of control dividing Kashmir between India and Pakistan. The death toll of civilians climbed to seven as another injured young man died at a hospital the next day.
    (AP, 10/21/18)(AP, 10/22/18)

2018        Oct 24, In Kashmir government forces killed two rebels during a gunbattle on the outskirts of Srinagar, sparking violent anti-India protests by residents.
    (AP, 10/24/18)

2018        Oct 26, In Kashmir eight rebels and two Indian soldiers were killed in gunbattles in northwestern Sopore area that sparked violent anti-India protests by residents seeking an end to Indian rule in the region.
    (AP, 10/26/18)

2018        Oct 27, Kashmiris observed 'Black Day' across Pakistan and other parts of the world including in Pakistan's zone of the disputed Himalayan region to mark the Indian occupation dating back to 1947.
    (AP, 10/27/18)

2018        Nov 11, In disputed Kashmir two Indian soldiers were killed over the last 24 hours when Pakistani soldiers fired along the highly militarized de facto frontier.
    (AP, 11/11/18)

2018        Nov 20, Assailants in Indian-controlled Kashmir killed Hafizullah Mir, a prominent separatist leader, as anti-India protests and clashes followed a gunbattle that killed four rebels and an army commando in the disputed region.
    (AP, 11/20/18)

2018        Nov 23, Indian security forces killed six suspected insurgents in a fierce exchange of gunfire early today in the Indian portion of disputed Kashmir.
    (AP, 11/23/18)

2018        Nov 25, In Indian-controlled Kashmir six rebels and an army soldier were killed in a gunbattle, sparking violent protests by residents seeking an end to Indian rule over the disputed region and leaving a teenage boy dead and 20 people injured.
    (AP, 11/25/18)

2018        Dec 8, In Indian-controlled Kashmir at least 12 people were killed and 18 others injured after a bus fell into a rocky gorge along a mountainous road near southern Poonch town.
    (AP, 12/8/18)

2018        Dec 9, In Kashmir Indian troops killed three rebels on the outskirts of Srinagar, ending a nearly 18-hour-long gunbattle. Mudasir Rashid Parray (14) and Saqib Bilal Sheikh (17) were killed in the gunbattle.
    (AP, 12/9/18)(AP, 12/10/18)

2018        Dec 11, In Kashmir rebels fighting against Indian rule attacked a police post, killing four officers in the southern Shopian area.
    (AP, 12/11/18)

2018        Dec 15, In Kashmir seven civilians died and dozens were injured when Indian security forces opened fire at people protesting the killing of three militants in a gun battle in a village in Pulwama district. The gunfight also left three armed rebels and a soldier dead. The separatist group Hurriyat Conference called for a three-day strike and protests across Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 12/15/18)(AFP, 12/15/18)

2018        Dec 16, In Kashmir a security clampdown and a strike sponsored by separatists fighting against Indian rule shut most of the Indian-administered state.
    (AP, 12/16/18)

2018        Dec 21, Pakistan reportedly opened fire in the Keran sector of Kashmir, killing two Indian army officers.
    (AP, 12/22/18)

2018        Dec 22, In Kashmir a gunbattle between Indian troops and rebels early today left six militants dead and triggered a new round of anti-India protests in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 12/22/18)

2018        Dec 29, In Kashmir anti-India protests and clashes erupted after a gunbattle between militants and government forces killed four rebels in the Pulwama area.
    (AP, 12/29/18)

2018        Dec 31, Indian troops fired at Pakistani forces across the two countries' line of control in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, killing a woman and wounding nine civilians.
    (AP, 12/31/18)

2019        Jan 9, In Kashmir a mortar shell fired by Indian troops from across the frontier killed a woman as she was trying to reach a shelter during an exchange of fire between India and Pakistan.
    (AP, 1/9/19)

2019        Jan 12, In Kashmir rebel commander Zeenatul Islam was killed along with his associate late today in a gunbattle with Indian troops.
    (AP, 1/13/19)

2019        Jan 13, In Kashmir massive anti-India protests and clashes erupted, leading to injuries to at least 16 people after a gunbattle between militants and government forces overnight killed two rebels.
    (AP, 1/13/19)

2019        Jan 18, In Kashmir at least five people were killed when an avalanche hit a truck in which they were traveling. Five more people were missing.
    (Reuters, 1/18/19)

2019        Feb 3, India's PM Narendra Modi paid a daylong visit to disputed Kashmir to review development work as separatists fighting Indian rule called for a shutdown in the Himalayan region.
    (AP, 2/3/19)

2019        Feb 5, Pakistan's PM Imran Khan and President Arif Alvi offered support for rebels in the Indian part of the disputed Himalayan territory of Kashmir as the country staged rallies marking the annual Day of Solidarity with Kashmir.
    (AP, 2/5/19)

2019        Feb 8, Kashmir officials said heavy snow caused avalanches and landslides have killed 11 people and trapped another.
    (AP, 2/8/19)

2019        Feb 10, In Kashmir five rebels were killed in fighting with Indian government forces in the southern Kulgam area.
    (AP, 2/10/19)

2019        Feb 14, In Kashmir at least 41 soldiers were killed and more than two dozen others wounded in a car bomb attack on a paramilitary convoy along a key highway on the outskirts of Srinagar. Adil Ahmad Dar (20) from the village of Lethipora in Indian Kashmir, rammed a car full of explosives into the convoy. His parents said he had been beaten by Indian troops a few years back when he was returning from school. Pakistan-based Islamist militant group Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) claimed responsibility for the car bomb attack. India's PM Narendra Modi soon placed the blame for the bombing squarely on neighboring Pakistan.
    (AP, 2/14/19)(AP, 2/15/19)(Reuters, 2/15/19)

2019        Feb 17, Indian police said authorities have detained 23 men suspected of links to the Pakistan-based militant group that masterminded the Feb. 14 bombing of an Indian security convoy in Kashmir that killed 44 paramilitary police.
    (Reuters, 2/17/19)
2019        Feb 17, Hundreds of Indian soldiers descended on the village of Pinglan, which is surrounded by south Kashmir's apple and apricot orchards, just before midnight. By the time they left 18 hours later, one civilian, three armed militants, and five members of the security forces were dead, a row of houses was reduced to rubble, an unexploded missile had been planted in a rice paddy, and more than 120 villagers had sought treatment for exposure to tear gas, alleged beatings, and in some cases mental trauma.
    (Reuters, 4/30/19)

2019        Feb 18, Indian troops suffered new losses in a battle with Kashmir militants that left nine dead. Officials said four soldiers, a policeman, three militants and a civilian were killed in the latest clash. The suspected organizer of last week's suicide bombing was said to be among the dead.
    (AP, 2/18/19)(Reuters, 2/18/19)

2019        Feb 20, Pakistani and Indian officials said that India has halted a key bus service with the Pakistani-controlled part of Kashmir, cutting the only land route linking the divided Himalayan region.
    (AP, 2/20/19)

2019        Feb 22, India's top court ordered state authorities to stop threats, assaults and social boycotts of thousands of Kashmiri students, traders and professionals in an apparent retaliation for the killing of 40 paramilitary soldiers in a suicide attack in the Indian portion of Kashmir last week.
    (AP, 2/22/19)

2019        Feb 23, Indian authorities arrested dozens of Muslim leaders in raids across Kashmir and sent thousands of reinforcements to the troubled territory. Officials in Kashmir said police have arrested at least 200 activists seeking the end of Indian rule.
    (AFP, 2/23/19)(AP, 2/23/19)

2019        Feb 24, In Kashmir a counterinsurgency police officer and a rebel were killed during a gunbattle, as shops and businesses shut down to protest an ongoing crackdown against activists seeking the end of Indian rule in the disputed region.
    (AP, 2/24/19)

2019        Feb 26, India's air force carried out air strikes inside Pakistan killing hundreds of militants in a training camp of Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM), the militant group that claimed credit for a Feb. 14 suicide bombing attack that killed Indian paramilitary police in Kashmir. Pakistan said there had been no casualties at all. Following the air strike India and Pakistan troops exchanged gunfire across the border in the disputed region of Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 2/26/19)

2019        Feb 27, Pakistan's military said it shot down two Indian warplanes in the disputed region of Kashmir and captured a pilot, raising tensions between the nuclear-armed rivals to a level unseen in the last two decades. Mortar shells fired by Indian troops from across the frontier dividing the two sectors of Kashmir killed six civilians and wound several others. A helicopter crash in the region also killed six Indian air force officials and a civilian on the ground.
    (AP, 2/27/19)

2019        Feb 28, Pakistan's PM Imran Khan pledged his country would release a captured Indian fighter pilot, a move that could help defuse the most serious confrontation in two decades between the nuclear-armed neighbors over the disputed region of Kashmir..
    (AP, 2/28/19)

2019        Feb 28, India banned the largest political and religious group in Indian-controlled Kashmir in an ongoing crackdown on activists seeking the end of Indian rule. India's home ministry issued the five-year ban on Jama'at-e-Islami, or JeI, accusing the group of being an "unlawful association" and supporting militancy in the region.
    (AP, 3/1/19)

2019        Mar 1, Pakistani officials handed over a captured Indian Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman at a border crossing with India in a "gesture of peace" promised by PM Imran Khan amid a dramatic escalation with the country's archrival over the disputed region of Kashmir. In a heavily edited video distributed by the Pakistani military just before his release, Varthaman praised the professionalism of the Pakistani army and criticized Indian media for creating war hysteria.
    (AP, 3/1/19)(AFP, 3/2/19)

2019        Mar 2, Pakistan's military said two of its soldiers have been killed in an exchange of fire with Indian forces near the Line of Control that separates the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir between the rivals. Over the last 24 hours a total of at least six civilians have been killed on both sides of Kashmir.
    (AP, 3/2/19)

2019        Mar 5, Pakistan's Interior Ministry said that authorities have arrested dozens of suspects in the wake the Feb. 14 suicide bombing in Indian-controlled Kashmir that killed 40 Indian troops. Among those arrested was Mufti Abdul Rauf, the brother of the group's leader, Masood Azhar.
    (AP, 3/5/19)

2019        Mar 6, Indian and Pakistani soldiers shelled military outposts and villages along their highly militarized frontier in disputed Kashmir, in an outbreak of new violence despite stepped-up diplomatic efforts by the rival countries to ease tensions.
    (AP, 3/6/19)

2019        Mar 7, In the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir a civilian was killed and at least 30 others were injured by a grenade blast at a bus station.
    (AP, 3/7/19)

2019        Mar 10, In Kashmir Indian troops shelled the Pakistani-controlled sector, killing a 70-year-old man. India blamed Pakistani troops for the initiating fire.
    (AP, 3/11/19)

2019        Mar 18, It was reported that military roadblocks on Kashmir's main highway are delaying ambulances carrying patients and leading to confrontations with motorists that occasionally turn physical.
    (Reuters, 3/18/19)

2019        Mar 19, Protests flared in parts of Indian Kashmir after police said a man being questioned in connection with a security investigation had died in custody. Rizwan Asad Pandit, a chemistry graduate who taught at a private school, had been arrested as part of a "terror case investigation".
    (Reuters, 3/19/19)

2019        Mar 22, Indian security forces killed seven militants who they said belonged to Pakistan-based groups during four gunbattles in Kashmir - the highest number of clashes in a single day in recent years. Police said the militants belonged to Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM).
    (Reuters, 3/22/19)

2019        Apr 2, In Kashmir Pakistan and India traded fire in the disputed Himalayan region, leaving seven people dead.
    (AP, 4/2/19)

2019        Apr 7, Authorities in India's portion of disputed Kashmir began enforcing a ban on the movement of civilian vehicles on a key highway to keep it open exclusively for military and paramilitary convoys two days a week.
    (AP, 4/7/19)

2019        Apr 18, Voting in the second phase of India's general election remained largely peaceful amid massive security and a lockdown in parts of the main city in Indian-controlled Kashmir. Sporadic violence flared in the east and the insurgency-wracked state of Jammu and Kashmir.
    (AP, 4/18/19)(Reuters, 4/18/19)

2019        May 1, The UN added Masood Azhar, the leader of a Pakistan-based Islamist group, to its list of global terrorists after China lifted its objections. Pakistan confirmed the move. This came months after Azhar's group, Jaish-e-Mohammad, claimed responsibility for the Feb. 14 suicide attack in disputed Kashmir that killed 40 Indian soldiers.
    (AFP, 5/1/19)(AP, 5/1/19)

2019        May 10, Islamic State (IS) claimed for the first time that it has established a "province" in India, after a clash between militants and security forces in the contested Kashmir region killed a militant with alleged ties to the group. An Indian police statement said that a militant called Ishfaq Ahmad Sofi was killed in an encounter in Shopian.
    (Reuters, 5/11/19)

2019        May 12, In Kashmir thousands of people took to the streets to protest the alleged rape of a 3-year-old girl by a neighbor who lured her to a school bathroom. The girl was hospitalized in critical condition on May 8, but her condition has stabilized. The suspect's family produced a school-issued birth certificate giving his age as 13. Protesters said the suspect is not less than 20 and he worked in a motor repair workshop.
    (AP, 5/13/19)

2019        May 16, Indian troops and separatist militants clashed in Indian-controlled Kashmir and five people were killed including civilian Rayees Ahmad Dar (32). Three JeM militants, including a Pakistani commander, and an Indian soldier were killed in the gun battle in Dalipora, a village in south Kashmir, which began in the early hours.
    (AP, 5/16/19)
2019        May 16, In Indian-controlled Kashmir a Muslim man was shot and killed and another injured by Hindu vigilantes over allegations of smuggling cows.
    (AP, 5/16/19)

2019        May 20, The Jammu-Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society released a detailed report saying India is using torture as a "matter of policy" and "instrument of control" in Kashmir, where rebels have been fighting against Indian rule since 1989.
    (AP, 5/20/19)

2019        May 23, Government forces in Indian-controlled Kashmir killed Zakir Musa, a top militant commander linked to al-Qaida, after police and soldiers launched a counterinsurgency operation in the southern Tral area.
    (AP, 5/24/19)

2019        Jun 7, In Kashmir four militants were killed in an overnight gunbattle with government forces, including two counterinsurgency police officers who defected to fight with rebels in the disputed region.
    (AP, 6/7/19)

2019        Jun 10, In Kashmir a court sentenced three Hindu men, including a police officer, to life imprisonment for kidnapping, raping and murdering an 8-year-old Muslim girl in 2018, in a case that has exacerbated tensions in the disputed region.
    (AP, 6/10/19)

2019        Jun 12, Amnesty International said the Indian government is widely misusing a law allowing for detention without trial in the Indian part of the contested Kashmir region, and fuelling animosity with it.
    (Reuters, 6/12/19)

2019        Jun 17, Two Indian soldiers were killed late today after a car bombing targeted an armored vehicle in disputed Kashmir.
    (AP, 6/18/19)

2019        Jun 24, Police in Kashmir arrested Ghulam Jeelani Qadri (62), a journalist and the publisher of the Urdu-language newspaper Daily Afaaq, in a raid just before midnight at his home in the region's main city of Srinagar on an arrest warrant issued in 1993. The case dated from 1990, when Qadri was one of nine journalists to publish a statement by a militant group fighting against Indian rule in Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 6/25/19)

2019        Jul 1, In Indian Kashmir a bus packed with passengers fell into a gorge killing at least 33 people in Kisthwar district.
    (AP, 7/1/19)
2019        Jul 1, Thousands of Hindu pilgrims began the arduous trek to an icy Himalayan cave in disputed Kashmir, with tens of thousands of Indian government forces guarding roads and mountain passes. Hindus worship a stalagmite at the Amarnath shrine as an incarnation of Shiva, the Hindu god of destruction and regeneration.
    (AP, 7/1/19)

2019        Jul 3, Pakistan's military said an explosion has killed five soldiers near the Indian border in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 7/4/19, p.A2)

2019        Jul 30, Indian and Pakistani soldiers traded heavy gunfire across a cease fire line dividing Kashmir leaving one Indian soldier and one Pakistani civilian dead.
    (SFC, 7/31/19, p.A2)

2019        Aug 2, Indian security officials said they had found evidence of attacks planned by Pakistani military-backed militants on a major Hindu pilgrimage in Kashmir. Thousands of Indian tourists, pilgrims and workers soon started leaving the disputed region.
    (Reuters, 8/2/19)(AP, 8/3/19)

2019        Aug 5, India scrapped a 1947 constitutional provision that gave the state of Jammu and Kashmir its own constitution and broad decision-making rights. Pakistan's foreign ministry rejected India's revocation of a special status for the portion of disputed Kashmir that it controls saying the move violates a UN resolution. Music videos soon began appearing about Indians moving to the Muslim-majority region, buying land there and marrying Kashmiri women.
    (AP, 8/5/19)(SFC, 8/23/19, p.A3)
2019        Aug 5, India announced a strict curfew and communications blackout, with the movement goods and people in and out of the Kashmir region also strictly controlled. Panic buying last week, as rumors circulated of an imminent curfew, saw shelves stripped of food, ATM's emptied and prices rocket - leaving many of Kashmir's poorest without key supplies.
    (AP, 8/8/19)

2019        Aug 6, Pakistan’s foreign minister wrote to the United Nations, while its army pledged to go to “any extent’’ against India’s move to revoke the autonomous status of Kashmir, that’s claimed in full by the two South Asian nations.
    (Bloomberg, 8/6/19)

2019        Aug 7, Pakistan’s PM Imran Khan’s government announced a series of measures to oppose what it called “unilateral and illegal actions" by India. He also said Pakistan will review bilateral agreements, take the matter to the United Nations Security Council and ensure the army remains vigilant.
    (Bloomberg, 8/8/19)

2019        Aug 8, It was reported that as many as 500 people have been rounded up in the latest crackdown in Indian Kashmir, which has been on the edge since the right-wing government revoked its autonomy.
    (The Telegraph, 8/8/19)
2019        Aug 8, Pakistan halted its main train service to India and banned Indian films as it kept up the diplomatic pressure on New Delhi for revoking the special status of Kashmir, the region at the heart of 70 years of hostility between them.
    (Reuters, 8/8/19)

2019        Aug 10, India's main opposition leader Rahul Gandhi demanded a statement from PM Narendra Modi on the situation in Kashmir, saying there are reports of violence and people dying.
    (AP, 8/10/19)
2019        Aug 10, Pakistan said it had cancelled a bus linking Lahore with India's capital New Delhi, the last remaining public transport link between the neighbors divided by a dispute over the Kashmir region.
    (Reuters, 8/10/19)

2019        Aug 11, Authorities enforcing a strict curfew in Indian-administered Kashmir promised easing of restrictions and essential supplies for an Islamic festival, as the divided Himalayan region remained in a lockdown after India's decision to strip it of its constitutional autonomy. Authorities eased restrictions in Srinagar for a 3rd straight day ahead of the Eid al-Adha festival.
    (AP, 8/11/19)(SFC, 8/12/19, p.A2)

2019        Aug 12, Large parts of Kashmir remained cut off from the rest of the world as a communications blackout entered its eighth day. India said it would soon begin gradually easing restrictions.
    (Bloomberg, 8/12/19)

2019        Aug 13, Pakistan called for an urgent meeting of the UN Security Council, saying India's decision to strip its part of disputed Kashmir of autonomy poses "an imminent threat" to international peace and could lead to ethnic cleansing and genocide in the Muslim-majority region.
    (AP, 8/13/19)

2019        Aug 15, Thousands of people, many waving Pakistani and Kashmiri flags, protested outside the Indian High Commission in London in support of the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 8/15/19)
2019        Aug 15, India's PM Narendra Modi delivered an Independence Day speech that spotlighted a decision to remove the special rights of the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir among the bold moves of the first 10 weeks of his second term. Modi also urged people and government agencies to "take the first big step" on Oct. 2 towards freeing India of single-use plastic.
    (Reuters, 8/15/19)(AP, 9/17/19)
2019        Aug 15, Pakistan said three of its soldiers and five Indian troops were killed in a cross-border exchange of fire in the contested Kashmir region, one of the deadliest clashes between the rival armies this year.
    (Reuters, 8/15/19)

2019        Aug 16, In Indian-controlled Kashmir hundreds of people protested an unprecedented security crackdown and clashed with police, as India's government said it was constantly reviewing the situation in the disputed region and the restrictions there will be removed over the next few days.
    (AP, 8/16/19)

2019        Aug 17, Indian authorities eased restrictions on movement and restored landline telephone links in some parts of Kashmir, the biggest relaxation in a crippling lockdown since New Delhi announced it was removing the region's special status on Aug. 5.
    (Reuters, 8/17/19)

2019        Aug 18, Indian authorities reimposed restrictions on movement in major parts of Kashmir's biggest city, Srinagar, after violent overnight clashes between residents and police in which dozens were injured.
    (Reuters, 8/18/19)

2019        Aug 19, Schools reopened in Srinagar, Indian Kashmir's main city, but most classrooms were empty as parents kept their children home, fearing unrest over the government's decision two weeks ago to revoke the region's autonomy.
    (Reuters, 8/19/19)

2019        Aug 23, Authorities intensified patrols in Indian-controlled Kashmir's main city after posters appeared calling for a public march to a United Nations office to protest New Delhi's tightened grip on the disputed region.
    (AP, 8/23/19)

2019        Aug 30, Cities around Pakistan came to a standstill as tens of thousands of people poured onto the streets in a government-led demonstration of solidarity with the disputed region of Kashmir, after India revoked its autonomy this month.
    (Reuters, 8/30/19)

2019        Sep 4, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates sent their top diplomats to Pakistan to help Islamabad defuse tensions with India over the disputed Kashmir region.
    (AP, 9/4/19)

2019        Sep 7, India's national security adviser said more than 200 suspected militants are trying to cross into Indian Kashmir from Pakistan, accusing Islamabad of trying to stoke violence in the region.
    (Reuters, 9/7/19)

2019        Sep 8, India imposed curfews in several parts of the contested Kashmir region, after clashes between security forces and Shi'ite Muslims taking part in a procession.
    (AP, 9/8/19)

2019        Sep 24, In Pakistan-held Kashmir a magnitude 5.8 earthquake destroyed buildings, cracked roads and killed 22 people. Nearly 200 more people were injured. The death toll soon rose to 37.
    (Reuters, 9/24/19)(SFC, 9/26/19, p.A4)

2019        Sep 27, Pakistani PM Imran Khan has denounced India's crackdown in Kashmir and warned of a "bloodbath" in the disputed region. Indian PM Narendra Modi earlier denounced terrorism but avoided any mention of Kashmir.
    (AP, 9/27/19)

2019        Sep 28, Authorities in Indian Kashmir tightened restrictions on people's movements to prevent possible protests following a speech by Pakistani PM Imran Khan.
    (Reuters, 9/28/19)

2019        Oct 9, Chinese President Xi Jinping said he was watching the situation in Kashmir and would support Pakistan in issues related to its core interests.
    (Reuters, 10/9/19)

2019        Oct 11, Chinese President Xi Jinping arrived in India for meetings with PM Narendra Modi at a time of tensions over Beijing's support for Pakistan in opposing India's downgrading of Kashmir's semi-autonomy and continuing restrictions on the disputed region.
    (AP, 10/11/19)

2019        Oct 16, Indian and Pakistan troops traded fire in the disputed Kashmir region killing four civilians and wounding nearly a dozen others.
    (SFC, 10/17/19, p.A2)

2019        Oct 20, India and Pakistan blamed one another for cross-border shelling in the disputed Kashmir region which killed and injured soldiers and civilians on both sides and made it one of the deadliest days since New Delhi revoked Kashmir's special status in August. India said shelling overnight by Pakistan killed two Indian soldiers and one civilian. Pakistan said one of its soldiers and three civilians had died and that India had violated the ceasefire.
    (Reuters, 10/20/19)

2019        Oct 22, Indian forces in Kashmir killed Hamid Lelhari, a top militant commander, and his two associates in a counter-insurgency operation in the southern Awantipora area.
    (SFC, 10/24/19, p.A2)

2019        Oct 29, European Union lawmakers began the first visit by a foreign delegation to Indian Kashmir since New Delhi revoked the region's autonomy in August, and stone-throwing protests resumed after a weeks-long lull.
    (Reuters, 10/29/19)

2019        Oct 31, India formally implemented legislation approved by Parliament in August that removed Indian-controlled Kashmir's semi-autonomous status and begins direct federal rule of the disputed area.
    (SFC, 11/1/19, p.A2)

2019        Nov 2, Indian officials said more than 100 migrant workers from Kashmir will be moved after a spate of killings by suspected separatist militants underlined the threat to outsiders in the restive region.
    (Reuters, 11/2/19)

2019        Nov 4, In Indian-administered Kashmir one person died and at least 45 were injured in a grenade attack in Srinagar.
    (Reuters, 11/4/19)

2019        Nov 26, In Indian Kashmir suspected militants threw grenades killing two people and wounding eight, the latest outbreak of violence in the disputed Himalayan region months after New Delhi revoked its autonomy and statehood.
    (Reuters, 11/26/19)

2019        Dec 19, Pakistan's foreign minister said that he has written to the United Nations this month, warning the world body of what he says are actions by New Delhi to position missile launchers in the Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    (AP, 12/19/19)

2019        Dec 22, Pakistani authorities said mortars fired by Indian troops into its portion of the Kashmir region killed three civilians and damaged nearly a dozen home in recent days.
    (SFC, 12/23/19, p.A2)

2019        Dec 25, India and Pakistan traded fire in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, with the latest exchanges killing two Pakistani troops, an Indian soldier and a civilian woman.
    (AP, 12/26/19)

2020        Jan 10, India's top court ordered the government to review all restrictions in Indian-controlled Kashmir, saying the measures amount to an abuse of power.
    (SFC, 1/11/20, p.A5)

2020        Jan 14, Officials said severe winter weather has claimed more lives as avalanches triggered by heavy snowfall killed 55 people in Pakistan-administered Kashmir. 15 deaths in neighboring Afghanistan raised the death toll to 39 in weather-related incidents since Jan. 12.
    (AP, 1/14/20)

2020        Jan 15, Officials said search teams aided by Pakistani troops pulled out 21 more bodies from homes destroyed by this week's avalanches in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, raising the overall death toll due to severe winter weather to 160 for Pakistan and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 1/15/20)

2020        Jan 25, Limited mobile data services and internet was temporarily restored in Jammu and Kashmir, ending nearly a six month communications lockdown. Access was limited to about 300 "whitelisted" websites and internet speed remained low. The decision will be reviewed on Jan. 31.
    (Reuters, 1/25/20)

2020        Feb 9, Indian-held Kashmir was hit by a general strike called by the separatist Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) to mark the anniversary of the death of Afzal Guru, a Kashmiri man who was executed for his part in an attack on India's parliament in 2001.
    (Reuters, 2/9/20)

2020        Mar 4, India lifted some restrictions on internet access in Kashmir, including allowing access to social media websites for the first time since the restive Himalayan region was locked down and its autonomy revoked in August.
    (Reuters, 3/4/20)

2020        Mar 13, Indian authorities ordered the release of Kashmir's most prominent politician, Farooq Abdullah, one of dozens of leaders held since August, when the federal government withdrew the troubled region's autonomy.
    (Reuters, 3/13/20)

2020        Apr 5, Indian soldiers killed five suspected militants in the Keran sector of Kashmir. Three Indian soldiers were also killed. Another clash a day earlier in Kulgam town killed 4 rebels.
    (SFC, 4/6/20, p.A2)

2020        Apr 9, Pakistan's military said its troop have shot down a small Indian spy drone after it violated the country's airspace along the Line of Control in Kashmir.
    (SFC, 4/10/20, p.A2)

2020        Apr 12, In Kashmir three civilians were reportedly killed when shells fired by the Pakistani army hit homes at two locations along the Line of Control in the Kupwara area of Indian controlled Kashmir.
    (SFC, 4/14/20, p.A2)

2020        Apr 13, Pakistan summoned an Indian official to protest over cross-border shelling from its neighbor that it said had killed a child and wounded four civilians in Kashmir.
    (Reuters, 4/13/20)

2020        Apr 15, The Jammu and Kashmir region has so far seen about 300 confirmed cases of the virus, and four deaths. It was reported that many Kashmir district authorities, have issued orders that all female poplars be cut within a week, arguing that allergies could be mistaken for coronavirus infection and create "unnecessary panic".
    (Reuters, 4/15/20)

2020        Apr 18, In Kashmir rebels fighting Indian rule attacked a paramilitary post killing three soldiers and wounding two others in the northwestern Sopore area.
    (SFC, 4/20/20, p.A2)

2020        Apr 21, Indian government forces killed four rebels late today in a gun battle in the southern Shopian district of disputed Kashmir.
    (SFC, 4/23/20, p.A2)

2020        Apr 29, Indian artillery fire in the disputed Kashmir region hit Pakistani army posts and villages killing a soldier, a woman and a girl (16). India said Pakistani troops had attacked Inidan positions with small arms and mortar shells in at least four places.
    (SFC, 5/1/20, p.A2)

2020        May 2, Indian troops in Kashmir entered a house in the Handwara area late today and successfully extricated a number of hostages held by militants. Five Indian troops and two militants were killed in the fighting.
    (SFC, 5/4/20, p.A2)

2020        May 6, Indian forces killed Riyaz Naikoo (35), a top commander of the Hizbul Mujahedeen rebel group, along with his aide in the disputed Kashmir region.
    (SFC, 5/7/20, p.A2)
2020        May 8, In Kashmir anti-India protests and clasehs continued for a third day following the killing of a top rebel leader by government forces. At least one man has been killed and 50 others injured in the three days of clashes.
    (SFC, 5/9/20, p.A2)

2020        May 10, Police in the Pakistan-ruled part of Kashmir said Indian troops across the disputed border opened fire with automatic rifles, shooting a women dead. Shauzia Akhtar was reportedly shot in the head as she prepared breakfast in her home along the border.
    (AP, 5/10/20)(SFC, 5/11/19, p.A2)

2020        May 13, Indian soldiers fatally shot a young man at a checkpoint in Kashmir, triggering anti-India protests and clashes in the disputed region.
    (SFC, 5/14/20, p.A2)

2020        May 25, A resident of the Kathua district of Indian-administered Kashmir, reported a bird - painted pink and carrying a coded ring tagged to its foot - flew into her home late today. The Indian Border Security Force passed the pigeon on to the police, who launched an investigation and logged the animal as a ‘Pak Suspected Spy.’
    (The Telegraph, 5/26/20)

2020        Jun 14, An Indian soldier was killed by Pakistani shellfire in Kashmir.
    (Econ., 6/20/20, p.30)

2020        Jun 20, Indian troops backed by artillery fired on villages along the Pakistani-administered side of Kashmir killing a girl (13) and wounding her mother and brother.
    (SFC, 6/22/20, p.A2)

2020        Aug 25, India's anti-terrorism agency named a Pakistan-based militant leader as the prime mastermind of a 2019 car bombing in Indian-controlled Kashmir that killed 40 Indian soldiers and brought the nuclear-armed rivals to the brink of war. A charge sheet named Masood Azhar, chief of Jaish-e-Mohammed, and 19 others among the accused.
    (AP, 8/26/20)

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