c1000BC The capital city of Bishkek was founded.
(MT, Spg. Ď99, p.4)
745-840 The Uighur of eastern Turkestan formed an
empire in the north that was ended by an invasion of the Kyrgyz
751 The Chinese army was beaten
by the Arabs of the Abassid Caliphate at the Battle of Talas
(Kyrgyzstan). Chinese prisoners soon taught Arabs the technology for
(http://tinyurl.com/lwk9h5a)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.87)
c924 A 1000 year-old poem
passed down orally tells of a warrior-liberator known as Manas. The
long version is about 500,000 lines and takes 3 weeks to recite by a
(SFC, 1/2/97, p.A10)
1924 Stalin divided remnants of
Turkestan into the current Central Asian republics.
(SFC, 1/2/97, p.A10)
1936 Dec 5, Armenian SSR,
Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR became
constituent republics of Soviet Union.
1944 Mar 8, The Soviet
government celebrated International Women's Day by forcibly
deporting almost the entire Balkar population to Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan and Omsk Oblast in Siberia. Starting on 8 March and
finishing the following day, the NKVD loaded 37,713 Balkars onto 14
train echelons bound for Central Asia and Siberia.
1989 Chingiz Aitmatov (b.1928),
Kyrgyzstan writer and member of the Soviet Parliament, returned home
to help mediate a conflict between Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. His
novels included ďThe Day Lasts More Than a 100 Years" (1980).
(WSJ, 2/24/05, p.D8)
1990 Jun, In Kyrgyzstan about
300 people were killed in a violent land dispute between Kyrgyz and
Uzbeks in Osh, and only the quick deployment of Soviet troops
quelled the fighting.
(SFC, 10/21/99, p.AA5)(AP, 6/13/10)(Econ,
1991 Aug 31, Uzbekistan and
Kirghizia declared their independence, raising to 10 the number of
republics seeking to secede from the Soviet Union.
1991 Dec 13, Five Central Asian
republics of the Soviet Union (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,
Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan) agreed to join the new Commonwealth of
Independent States (CIS) being organized by Russian President Boris
1991 Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and
Uzbekistan were left with numerous tailings dumps of radioactive
waste following the collapse of the soviet Union. By 2015 cancer
rates were rising as radioactive waste leached into the water
(Econ, 7/11/15, p.40)
1996 Apr 26, The Shanghai Five
grouping was created with the signing of the Treaty on Deepening
Military Trust in Border Regions in Shanghai. Boris Yeltsin and the
presidents of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan visited Shanghai
and signed a treaty with Pres. Jiang Zemin at the Jin Jiang Hotel
that demarcated their borders with China.
1996 Jun 28, Pres. Askar Akayev
hoped to develop the Kumtor gold fields with the help of Cameco, a
Canadian mining firm out of Saskatchewan.
(WSJ, 6/28/96, p.A6)
1996 Dec, Pres. Askar Akayev
ordered computers for every high school in Kyrgyzstan.
(SFC, 1/2/97, p.A10)
1997 Nov, In Bishkek Hillary
Clinton dedicated a campus building at one of the countryís 43
universities. Pres. Aska Askaev had earlier received a financial
commitment of $2 million each from the Soros Foundation and the US.
(SFC, 2/20/98, p.A12)
1997 Mar 24, Prime Minister
Apas Dzhumagulov (63) resigned due to age and said new forces were
needed for reform. He was expected to be appointed as an ambassador.
(SFC, 3/25/98, p.C14)
1997 The Central Asia Regional
Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program was initiated. The 8-member
group included Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
1997 Kyrgyzstanís population
numbered about 4.5 million people.
(SFC, 1/2/97, p.A10)
1998 Apr, Kyrgyzstan became the
1st country in the region to adopt a comprehensive drugs law
including the death penalty for large-scale trafficking.
(Econ, 7/26/03, p.46-7)
1998 May 20, A truck spilled 20
tons of cyanide and forced 600 people to seek medical treatment.
3,876 pounds of cyanide leached out of the truck but did not seem to
hurt any local residents. Some fish died in the river and the water
flowed into the 113-mile-long Lake Ysyk Kol. The Cameco Corp. of
Canada ran the Kumtor gold mine and contributed some 15% of
the countryís GNP.
(WSJ, 5/28/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/18/98, p.A18)
1998 Dec, Zhumabek Ibraimov was
appointed Prime Minister to address the nation's economic problems.
(WSJ, 4/5/99, p.A1)
1999 cApr 4, Prime Minister
Zhumabek Ibraimov (50) died following recent surgery in Russia.
(WSJ, 4/5/99, p.A1)
1999 Aug 23, Militants (IMU)
from Tajikistan crossed into Kyrgyzstan taking hostages and claiming
control of several villages. Some 1,000 religious fighters took a
swath of land and 13 hostages that included a Kyrgyz general and 4
(SFC, 8/24/99, p.A11)(SFC, 10/21/99, p.AA5)
1999 Aug 25, In Kyrgyzstan
Boris Yeltsin met with Jiang Zemin to forge a closer alliance to
counterbalance US global clout. The meeting preceded a 5-day Central
(SFC, 8/26/99, p.A13)
1999 Sep 22, Kyrgyz jets bombed
Islamic militants near the villages of Sai and Syrt in the
mountainous Osh region. Officials claimed that 30 rebels were
(SFC, 9/24/99, p.A14)
1999 Oct 25, In Kyrgyzstan 4
Japanese geologists were freed after 2 months of captivity by the
IMU. A $2-5 million ransom was suspected.
(SFC, 10/27/99, p.A13)(WSJ, 9/24/01, p.A19)
2000 May 26, Gunmen opened fire
on a visiting Chinese delegation and one official was killed. The
visitors planned to investigate an arson attack at a Chinese market.
(SFC, 5/27/00, p.A13)
2000 Aug 12, Four American
climbers were captured by Uzbek rebels in the Karasu Valley and held
hostage for 6 days before they managed to escape.
(SFC, 8/25/00, p.A14)
2000 Aug 14, In Kyrgyzstan a
4-day clash between Islamic militants and government troops left as
many as 95 people dead. The militants were said to belong to the
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, which was trying to carve out an
(SFC, 8/15/00, p.A14)
2000 Oct 29, In Kyrgyzstan
Pres. Askar Askaev coasted to a 3rd term in flawed elections where 5
rivals were given no real chance to win. Askaev claimed 73% of the
(WSJ, 10/30/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/31/00, p.A14)
2000 Garth Willis of St. Paul,
Minn., founded the Alpine Fund to train local Kyrgyzstan children as
(SSFC, 11/24/02, p.F5)
2001 May 17, In Kyrgyzstan a
bus fell into a mountain ravine and 19 people were killed.
(SFC, 5/18/01, p.D4)
2001 Jun 15, The Shanghai Five
member nations (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Russia),
having admitted Uzbekistan, signed the Declaration of Shanghai
2001 Jul, The IMU attacked
government troops in southern Uzbekistan and a TV transmitter in
2002 Mar 17, In Karadzigach 5
people were killed during a protest over the sentencing of lawmaker
Azimbek Beknazarov. Beknazarov was jailed for asking why Pres.
Akayev ceded territory to China in 2001.
(SFC, 3/19/02, p.A7)(WSJ, 5/13/02, p.A13)
2002 May 22, Kyrgyzstan Pres.
Akayev accepted the resignation of PM Kurmanbek Bakiev and his
entire government amid protests over clashes with police that killed
6 people in March.
(SFC, 5/23/02, p.A12)(Econ, 3/26/05, p.44)
2002 Jun 28, A Kyrgyzstan court
overturned the corruption sentence on against an opposition
lawmaker, whose case spawned nationwide protests in the former
2002 Jun 30, In Bishkek,
Kyrgyz, police reported that a Chinese diplomat was shot and killed
by unknown gunmen in an apparent gangland dispute.
2002 Nov 16, Kyrgyzstan police
detained more than 200 activists who traveled to the Kyrgyz capital,
Bishkek, for an anti-government assembly calling on Pres. Askar
Akayev to resign. They were all released by the next day.
2002 Dec 27, In Bishkek,
Kyrgyzstan, 7 people were killed and 26 injured when a container of
fireworks exploded, detonating a gas tank in the Dordoi market.
2003 Mar 27, in Kyrgyzstan a
fire engulfed a crowded passenger bus, killing 40 people on board.
2003 Apr 20, In southern
Kyrgyzstan a landslide swept through a village, killing 38 people.
2003 Sep 23, China signed
agreements with Russia and four Central Asian neighbors (Uzbekistan,
Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan) in an effort to strengthen a
7-year-old security alliance and encourage economic links across a
largely undeveloped region.
2003 Oct, Pres. Putin attended
the opening a Russian air base in Kant, Kyrgyzstan.
(Econ, 11/1/03, p.40)
2004 Apr 26, In southern
Kyrgyzstan a landslide buried a village, and up to 33 people were
2004 Aug 28, The foreign
ministers of Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan
approved Russian membership to their economic block at talks in
Astana, the Kazakh capital.
2004 Sep 21, China's PM Wen
Jiabao hailed a series of agreements with neighboring Kyrgyzstan
including an agreement on the thorny issue of the countries' common
2004 Sep 29, Kyrgyzstan police
arrested a man for attempting the black market sale of 60 small
containers of what was confirmed as plutonium.
(WSJ, 9/30/04, p.A1)
2005 Feb 27, Kyrgyzstan faced a
key test of its commitment to democracy in parliamentary elections
amid tension over the exclusion of a number of opposition figures
and prominent lawmakers. Some opposition figures and prominent
politicians disqualified from the ballot in a country once seen as
an island of democracy in former Soviet Central Asia.
(AP, 2/27/05)(AP, 2/28/05)
2005 Feb 27, Bayaman
Erkinbayev, a wealthy playboy and head of the Palvan Corporation,
led 2,000 fighters trained in Alysh, Kyrgyzstan's answer to Kung Fu,
to protests launched after the first round of a parliamentary
2005 Mar 10, Kyrgyzstan
opposition parties united around former PM Kurmanbek, who will
coordinate national protests sparked by the 1st round of elections.
(WSJ, 3/11/05, p.A9)
2005 Mar 13, Kyrgyzstan held
parliamentary runoff elections amid rising tension over signs the
longtime leader plans to extend his rule beyond constitutional
limits. President Askar Akayev (60) won an overwhelmingly loyal
Parliament in runoff elections. The opposition won 6 of 75 seats and
said the vote was riddled with abuses.
(AP, 3/14/05)(SFC, 3/15/05, p.A3)
2005 Mar 20, In Kyrgyzstan
protesters stormed a police station in Jalal-Abad forcing officers
to flee, a day after baton-wielding police evicted demonstrators
from two government buildings they had occupied to protest alleged
election fraud. 4 policemen were reported killed.
(AP, 3/20/05)(WSJ, 3/21/05, p.A1)
2005 Mar 22, Kyrgyzstan
President Askar Akayev's spokesman said protests sweeping are part
of a "coup" designed by criminals. The government signaled it has no
intention of accepting election fraud charges that have fueled the
2005 Mar 24, In Kyrgyzstan
protesters stormed the presidential compound, seizing control of the
seat of state power after clashing with riot police during a large
opposition rally. President Askar Akayev reportedly flew to Russia.
The ITAR-Tass news agency said President Askar Akayev has resigned.
This came to be called Kyrgyzstanís ďTulip revolution."
(AP, 3/24/05)(SFC, 3/25/05, p.A1)(Econ, 8/1/09,
2005 Mar 25, In Kyrgyzstan
Kurmanbek Bakiyev (55) was appointed acting president by parliament.
The opposition scrambled to restore order in Bishkek, a capital
described as "gone mad" with looting and vandalism, after driving
President Askar Akayev from power.
(AP, 3/25/05)(SFC, 3/26/05, p.A3)
2005 Mar 27, In Kyrgyzstan 2
rival parliaments competed for power, raising political uncertainty
in the former Soviet nation. Both groups, the parliament newly
elected in a disputed vote that sparked massive discontent, and the
one that lost the election, met in separate chambers over the
weekend, each claiming to represent the people.
2005 Mar 28, Interim leader
Kurmanbek Bakiyev recognized Kyrgyzstan's new parliament as
legitimate even though it was chosen in disputed elections, a move
designed to end a struggle between the rival legislatures.
2005 Apr 4, Kyrgyz President
Askar Akayev, who fled the country last month after demonstrators
stormed his offices, signed a resignation agreement.
2005 Apr 11, The Kyrgyz
parliament accepted the resignation of ousted Pres. Askar Akayev.
2005 May 22, A top Kyrgyz
official said Uzbeks who fled into neighboring Kyrgyzstan to escape
violence in their Central Asian country are not refugees and must
2005 Jun 1, About 200 people,
some throwing stones, broke into Kyrgyzstan's Supreme Court and
evicted activists who had occupied the building for more than a
month in a protest on behalf of five losing parliamentary
2005 Jun 6, In Kyrgyzstan an
arrest warrant was issued for former prime minister Nikolai Tanayev,
accused of illegally transferring about $1 million in state funds to
a private construction company run by his son. A request for
Tanayevís extradition was sent to Moscow.
2005 Jun 10, Jyrgalbek
Surabaldiyev, a Kyrgyz lawmaker and owner of Kyrgyzstan's largest
automobile market, was gunned down. He was a close ally of the
country's former leader.
2005 Jun 13, In Kyrgyzstan
guards outside a hotel opened fire on hundreds of traders who had
come to the southern city of Osh to demand fair market practices. 4
people were hurt.
2005 Jun 17, In Kyrgyzstan
several hundred unarmed supporters of a presidential hopeful who was
denied registration in next month's election stormed the government
headquarters. Troops with truncheons and tear gas beat back
protesters in the biggest unrest in Kyrgyzstan since its longtime
president was ousted in March. The clash injured 39 people.
2005 Jun 18, In Kyrgyzstan
Mukar Cholponbayev, who served as speaker of the Central Asian
nation's lower parliament house in the late 1990s, was arrested in
the capital Bishkek for allegedly helping to organize the previous
dayís takeover of the government headquarters.
2005 Jun 27, The UN said it
wanted to move hundreds of Uzbek refugees to third countries from
camps in Kyrgyzstan because there were fears Uzbekistan might try to
snatch them and take them home by force.
2005 Jul 5, An alliance of
Russia, China and central Asian nations called for the US and
coalition members in Afghanistan to set a date for withdrawing from
member states, reflecting growing unease over America's regional
military presence. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization includes
China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
2005 Jul 10, Kyrgyzstan held
presidential elections. With more than three-quarters of the ballots
counted from 95 percent of the districts, Kurmanbek Bakiev (Bakiyev)
received nearly 89 percent of the vote. He had teamed up with Felix
Kulov, his most serious rival, by promising him the position of
(AP, 7/11/05)(Econ, 7/16/05, p.39)
2005 Jul 27, The UN started
evacuating more than 400 refugees from a camp in Kyrgyzstan and will
fly them to a third country to keep them from being sent home to
Uzbekistan where they fear prosecution. Uzbekistan has been
pressuring Kyrgyzstan to hand over the refugees, and Kyrgyz
officials relented in recent weeks, sending at least 87 of them
2005 Jul 29, A plane with 440
Uzbek refugees left Kyrgyzstan for Romania.
2005 Aug 1, A prosecutor said
that Kyrgyzstan will send 15 Uzbeks asylum seekers back to their
home country, despite pleas from the United Nations and rights
groups that it violates international treaties on refugees.
2005 Aug 14, Kurmanbek Bakiyev,
Kyrgyzstanís new president, pledged in his inaugural speech that the
former Soviet Central Asian nation, which hosts both US and Russian
military bases, will pursue an independent foreign policy under his
2005 Aug 15, New Kyrgyz
President Kurmanbek Bakiyev appointed Felix Kulov, a former
opposition politician who was jailed under the country's ousted
Soviet-era leader, as acting prime minister.
2005 Sep 5, Kyrgyzstan
President Kurmanbek Bakiyev said that his Central Asian nation will
allow the US military base on its territory for as long as necessary
to bring stability to Afghanistan, but he also said the rent will
2005 Sep 21, Unidentified
gunmen in Bishkek killed Bayaman Erkinbayev (38), a Kyrgyz lawmaker
and wealthy businessman. He had survived an assassination attempt 5
2005 Oct 3, The UN ambassadors
of Britain, France and the US sent a letter emphasizing their
continued opposition to a proposal to create a nuclear-weapons free
zone in Central Asia. The letter, sent to the UN ambassadors of the
five Central Asian nations, says that a draft treaty to create the
zone still does not address their biggest concerns and that further
discussions are needed. It calls for consultations "very soon." The
five nations agreed to the draft text for a Central Asian
nuclear-free zone in February. Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,
Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan had originally put forward a proposal
for a nuclear-weapon free zone in 1997, but divisions both internal
and external over the text have stalled progress. Moscow claims that
a 1992 treaty that Russia signed with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and
Tajikistan could allow missiles to be deployed in the region.
2005 Oct 20, Inmates at a
prison hospital in Kyrgyzstan killed a parliamentarian and two other
people after taking him and his entourage hostage.
2005 Oct 24, Hundreds of
demonstrators rallied in front of the Kyrgyz parliament for a third
day to demand that the PM resign over the slaying of a lawmaker
during a prison uprising.
2005 Nov 1, Gunfire erupted and
at least four inmates were killed at two Kyrgyz prisons after riot
police entered to restore order following a bloody uprising.
2005 Dec 29, Kyrgyzstan's
president effectively ended the use of the death penalty in this
ex-Soviet republic by extending a moratorium on the punishment until
its planned abolition. Kyrgyzstan first imposed the moratorium in
1998 and has since repeatedly extended it.
2005 The population of
Kyrgyzstan was about 5 million.
(SSFC, 9/30/01, p.A2)(SFC, 3/25/05, p.A12)
2006 Feb 27, Omurbek Tekebayev,
the speaker of Kyrgyzstan's parliament, stepped down in response to
the president's criticism of lawmakers. Tekebayev had submitted his
resignation on Feb. 10 after saying that President Kurmanbek Bakiyev
"should go hang himself if he is a man."
2006 Apr 12, In Kyrgyzstan Edil
Baisalov, leader of a coalition of civic groups called For Democracy
and Civil Society, suffered a gunshot wound in the back of the head
when he was leaving his office in the capital, Bishkek. Baisalov has
led a campaign against a bid by alleged criminal boss Ryspek
Akmatbayev to become a lawmaker.
2006 Apr 19, In Kyrgyzstan
Pres. Bakiyev threatened to expel American troops from the Central
Asian nation unless the US agrees to pay more for its military
2006 Apr 29, In Kyrgyzstan
thousands of protesters demanding reform gathered in the main square
in Bishkek but dispersed peacefully after President Bakiyev and PM
Felix Kulov addressed the crowd.
2006 May 10, In Kyrgyzstan a
gunman in a passing car shot and killed Ryspek Akmatbayev, a reputed
crime boss, who was recently elected to parliament.
2006 May 12, Gunmen attacked
border posts on both sides of the frontier between Kyrgyzstan and
Tajikistan, killing five people and injuring two.
2006 May 27, In Kyrgyzstan
thousands of protesters demonstrated in the capital Bishkek to
demand that the government undertake promised constitutional
2006 Jun 15, The Shanghai
Cooperation Organization, a Russian and Chinese-led bloc of Asian
states, said it plans to set up an expert group to boost computer
security and help guard against threats to their regimes from the
Internet. SCO members (China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,
Tajikistan and Uzbekistan) are mostly authoritarian states that
maintain tight controls on communications technology, including the
2006 Jul 11, An officials said
Kyrgyzstan's Foreign Ministry has decided to expel two US diplomats
for "inappropriate" contacts with nongovernment organizations.
2006 Jul 14, Kyrgyzstan and the
US resolved a payment dispute that had threatened the future of the
US military base near Bishkek.
2006 Jul 18, Kyrgyz police in
Osh arrested six men suspected of taking part in an uprising in
neighboring Uzbekistan last year and seized 14 ounces of TNT from
2006 Aug 6, In Kyrgyzstan Imam
Mokhammadrafik Kamalov (53) was killed in the city of Osh along with
two suspected Islamic radicals during an operation to track down men
suspected of attacking Kyrgyz and Tajik border posts in May, killing
2006 Sep 5, In Kyrgyzstan Maj.
Jill Metzger (33), a US Air Force officer, went missing while
shopping in the capital of Bishkek. Metzger reappeared 3 days later
and said she had been seized by three young men and a woman in a
minibus and held in a rural area about 30 miles from the capital.
(AP, 9/6/06)(AP, 9/9/06)
2006 Sep 9, Five central Asian
countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan,
Uzbekistan) signed a nuclear-free zone treaty, but it did not cancel
out a 1992 agreement to allow Russia to transport and deploy nuclear
weapons there under certain circumstances.
(SSFC, 9/10/06, p.A18)
2006 Nov 6, Kyrgyzstan
President Kurmanbek Bakiyev agreed to several opposition demands
after five days of rallies demanding his resignation. Police
officers guarding the presidential headquarters switched over to the
2006 Nov 7, In Kyrgyzstan
protesters demanding the Kyrgyz president's resignation clashed with
government supporters, but fears of deadly violence eased after
lawmakers on both sides said they had agreed on a compromise draft
2006 Nov 9, Kyrgyzstan's
President Kurmanbek Bakiyev signed an amended constitution limiting
his own powers in a bid to defuse the deepest political crisis this
Central Asian nation has experienced since the 2005 uprising that
carried him to power.
2006 Dec 6, A US serviceman
fatally shot a civilian at the US air base in Kyrgyzstan "in
response to a threat."
2006 Dec 7, In Kyrgyzstan
President Kurmanbek Bakiyev called for US troops deployed in the
former Soviet nation to be stripped of diplomatic immunity after a
US serviceman fatally shot a Kyrgyz civilian. The US air base said
the serviceman who fatally shot a Kyrgyz truck driver had been
threatened with a knife and responded as his training required.
2006 Dec 19, Kyrgyzstanís
President Kurmanbek Bakiyev accepted the resignation of the
government due to a dispute with parliament, adding new tension to
the troubled politics of a country of strategic interest to both
Russia and the United States.
2007 Jan 15, Kyrgyzstan Pres.
Bakiyev signed into law constitutional amendments strengthening his
powers that he had pushed through after threatening to dissolve
2007 Apr 11, In Kyrgyzstan
thousands of opposition supporters gathered in the main square of
Bishkek to press President Kurmanbek Bakiyev to resign. Bakiyev had
sought to head off the opposition protest by signing constitutional
amendments curtailing his power a day earlier, but the opposition
rejected his move and showed up in full force.
2007 Apr 19, Kyrgyzstan police
used tear gas and stun grenades to disperse thousands of opposition
protesters who had marched to the president's office in Bishkek to
demand his resignation.
2007 May 30, Medical officials
in Kyrgyzstan confirmed that PM Almazbek Atambayev was poisoned
after receiving death threats but said they have not yet identified
2007 Aug 17, The six members of
the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) held their first joint
maneuvers on Russian land in a demonstration of their growing
military ties and a shared desire to counter US global clout. The
presidents of Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and
Uzbekistan attended the unprecedented joint military exercises in
Chelyabinsk near the Kazakh border.
2007 Sep 19, Kyrgyzstan's Pres.
Kurmanbek Bakiyev called a national referendum on changing the
constitution to elect the Parliament by party list, a change that
would hurt the country's many small parties and independent
2007 Oct 21, Kyrgyzstan held a
national referendum on changing the constitution to elect the
Parliament by party list. On Oct 23 the main trans-Atlantic security
and rights group and the US Embassy said the referendum on
constitutional change was marred by numerous violations.
2007 Oct 22,
Kyrgyz President Kurmanbek Bakiyev signed a decree dissolving
parliament, a day after voters overwhelmingly approved a referendum
on constitutional changes that his critics called a power grab.
2007 Oct 24,
In southern Kyrgyzstan Alisher Saipov (26), a prominent
independent ethnic-Uzbek journalist, was shot to death. He had close
ties to the opposition to the authoritarian regime in neighboring
(AP, 10/24/07)(Econ, 6/19/10, p.28)
2007 Nov 28, Kyrgyzstan's
president signed an order relieving PM Almazbek Atambayev of duty,
nine months after he was appointed in a move to appease opposition
2007 Dec 16, Kyrgyzstan held
parliamentary elections. Critics have said election code changes,
introduced in October, were designed to evict all opposition
politicians from the legislature. The Central Election Commission
said Kyrgyz President Kurmanbek Bakiyev's Ak Jol party won 71 out of
90 parliament seats in the parliamentary election. The top
opposition party failed to win parliament seats and the party
accused the government of rigging the vote and said it would appeal
the results in court.
(AP, 12/17/07)(AP, 12/20/07)
2007 Dec 24, In Kyrgyzstan Igor
Chudinov, a former energy and industry minister was, named prime
2008 Aug 24, In Kyrgyzstan a
Boeing 737 passenger jet carrying 90 people to Iran crashed near
Bishkekís Manas Intíl. Airport. At least 65 people were killed.
2008 Oct 5, A 6.6-magnitude
earthquake struck the mountains of Central Asia, destroying Nura
village in Kyrgyzstan and killing at least 75 people including 41
(AP, 10/6/08)(AP, 10/7/08)(SFC, 10/11/08, p.B6)
2008 Dec 5, Kyrgyzstan's state
radio station was reported to have taken BBC programming off the
airwaves, days after withdrawing broadcasting rights from US-funded
Radio Liberty's Kyrgyz Service.
2009 Jan 18, Kyrgyzstan began
to come under a massive cyber attack attributed to Russian
ďcyber-militia." Less than 20% of the countryís 5.3 million
population had online access. Proposed reasons for the attacks
included the US use of an air base for operations in Afghanistan or
a hit on the fledgling Kyrgyz opposition, which has used the
Internet to express its discontent.
(WSJ, 1/28/09, p.A10)
2009 Feb 3, Kyrgyzstan said it
would end the US lease of an air base that supports military
operations in Afghanistan. Kyrgyzstan President Kurmanbek Bakiyev
announced his intention to shut the base, at least for the moment,
after Russia agreed to provide Kyrgyzstan with $2 billion in loans
plus another $150 million in financial aid. The lease deal obliges
Kyrgyzstan to give the US 180 days notice to clear the base.
2009 Feb 4, Russia sought to
bolster its security alliance with six other ex-Soviet nations
(Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and
Uzbekistan) by forming a joint rapid reaction force in a continuing
effort to curb US influence in energy-rich Central Asia.
2009 Feb 6, Russia granted
transit rights to nonlethal US military supplies headed to
Afghanistan, but only after pressuring Kyrgyzstan to close an air
base leased to the US.
(SFC, 2/7/09, p.A3)
2009 Feb 19, Kyrgyzstan's
parliament voted to close a key US air base in the country, a move
that could hamper Pres. Obama's efforts to increase the number of US
forces in Afghanistan.
2009 Feb 20, Kyrgyzstan ordered
US forces to depart within six months from an air base key to
military operations in Afghanistan, complicating plans to send more
troops to battle rising Taliban and al-Qaida violence. A US military
official said Uzbekistan will allow non-lethal US military cargo
heading to Afghanistan to transit through the country.
2009 Feb 26, Kazakhstan
announced it was pulling out of the Central Asian power grid to
protect its energy supplies, a move that forced rolling blackouts
and electricity rationing on Kyrgyzstan, its tiny, power-starved
2009 Mar 3, In Kyrgyzstan
Syrgak Abdyldayev, a journalist with the Reporter-Bishkek weekly,
was stabbed repeatedly by four assailants after leaving his office.
Opposition parties described the attack as an attempt to stamp out
freedom of expression.
2009 Mar 6, Kyrgyz lawmakers
voted overwhelmingly to suspend an agreement that allows US-led
coalition forces fighting in Afghanistan to use an air base on its
2009 Mar 11, Prosecutors in
Kyrgyzstan charged a prominent opposition leader with murder in a
case that government critics say is politically motivated. Alikbek
Jekshenkulov was accused of involvement in the shooting of a Turkish
citizen in late 2007 and illegal possession of a weapon.
Jekshenkulov was foreign minister until February 2007.
2009 Mar 13, In Kyrgyzstan
Medet Sadyrkulov, a key opposition figure to Pres. Bakiyev, was
killed in an alleged car crash that left him and 2 passengers burned
(WSJ, 3/14/09, p.A6)(Econ, 1/9/10, p.45)
2009 Mar 16, In Kyrgyzstan
opposition parties called for protests across the country this
month, amid worsening economic conditions and mounting accusations
of government repression.
2009 Mar 18, Kyrgyzstan police
detained several prominent activists as they held a ceremony to mark
the seventh anniversary of shootings that left six protesters dead.
2009 Apr, In Kyrgyzstan
Sanjarbek Kadyraliev became the 4th parliamentarian to be
assassinated since the 2005 revolution.
(Econ, 8/1/09, p.38)
2009 Jun 23, A Kyrgyz
parliamentary committee approved a deal in which the United States
has agreed to pay more than triple the previous rent for use of a
key air base in Kyrgyzstan to ship non-lethal military supplies to
2009 Jun 25, Kyrgyzstan's
parliament unanimously approved a deal allowing the US to continue
using an air base crucial to military operations in Afghanistan,
sharply shifting course months after ordering American forces out by
August. President Kurmanbek Bakiyev signed the agreement into law in
(AP, 6/25/09)(AP, 7/7/09)
2009 Jun 27, Kyrgyzstan
security forces killed three alleged members of a terrorist
organization in a shootout. Authorities identified the gunmen as
Islamic militants and said one of those killed was their leader, a
Kyrgyz citizen who had received training at a terrorist camp in
Pakistan. Another of the dead was from Khanabad, a town in
neighboring Uzbekistan. The security ministry said they belonged to
the Islamic Jihad Group (IJG), an obscure organization that Uzbek
authorities have claimed is a splinter group of the Islamic Movement
2009 Jul 12, In Kyrgyzstan
government critic Almaz Tashiyev (Tashiev) died of complications
from head injuries after surgery. Relatives said he told them before
the operation that he had been beaten by eight police officers
earlier in the week. His death came after a series of attacks on
reporters and shortly before next week's presidential election,
reinforcing concerns about the risks faced by independent
journalists in the Central Asian nation. Junior lieutenant Shukurbek
Nurmatov was arrested July 16 on suspicion of being involved in the
(AP, 7/13/09)(AP, 7/17/09)(Econ, 8/1/09, p.38)
2009 Jul 23, In Kyrgyzstan
Almazbek Atambayev, the main opposition candidate, said he was no
longer taking part in this dayís presidential election, citing
widespread ballot-stuffing and the intimidation of election
monitors. Pres. Bakiyev (59) won another 5-year term with 76% of the
ballots. International monitors said the election was marred by
ballot-box stuffing and widespread irregularities in vote counting.
(AP, 7/23/09)(AP, 8/2/09)
2009 Jul 29, In Kyrgyzstan a
number of protestors were detained, as police suppressed a series of
demonstrations against the disputed re-election of President
Kurmanbek Bakiyev. Police said 42 protesters were detained in
Bishkek. The opposition reported that about 80 people were detained
2009 Aug 1, Kyrgyzstan allowed
Russia to open a second military base on its territory, expanding
Moscow's military reach to balance against the US presence.
2009 Sep 23, Officials in
Kyrgyzstan called for the death penalty to be reinstated and said
public executions could be carried out, a sharp reversal that will
likely draw international condemnation.
2009 Oct 20, Kyrgyzstan's
Cabinet resigned as part of a sweeping government reform campaign
the president said will save money and make the Central Asian
nation's leadership more effective. Opposition leaders dismissed
President Kurmanbek Bakiyev's reform push as a bid to increase his
2009 Nov 30, Tajikistan
unveiled a Chinese-built 500-kilowatt transmission line that will
link the northern and central parts of the country. This would add
to the poor nation's debt to China but reduce reliance on
Uzbekistan, which planned to withdraw on Dec 1 from the Soviet-era
power grid that unites four Central Asian countries. This prompted
fears of electricity shortages that could make for a winter of
hardship in impoverished Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Tajikistan, said
the move will cut it off from gas-rich Turkmenistan.
2009 Dec 22, In Kazakhstan
journalist Gennady Pavlyuk (51) of Kyrgyzstan died six days after
being thrown from a 6th story window in central Almaty.
(Econ, 1/9/10, p.45)
2009 Dilip Hiro authored
ďInside Central Asia: A Political and Cultural History of
Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkey
(Econ, 9/26/09, p.98)
2010 Mar 17, In Kyrgyzstan
thousands of demonstrators rallied in the capital Bishkek to protest
recent sharp increases in heating and electricity tariffs and
alleged oppression of government opponents.
2010 Mar 23, Kyrgyzstan's Pres.
Kurmanbek Bakiyev said that Western-style democracy has run its
course in the ex-Soviet Central Asian country, prompting fears of a
further decline in political freedoms.
2010 Apr 3, UN
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon repeatedly criticized Kyrgyzstan for
human rights problems, a strong rebuke to the country once regarded
as former Soviet Central Asia's "island of democracy."
2010 Apr 6, In Kyrgyzstan
hundreds of protesters angry over rising heat and power prices
seized a government building in Talas, took a governor hostage and
clashed with troops after trying to seize a regional governor.
(AP, 4/6/10)(Econ, 4/10/10, p.43)
2010 Apr 6, UN
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon criticized as "unacceptable"
Uzbekistan's placing of land mines along parts of its border with
Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan that have not been delineated.
2010 Apr 7, In Kyrgyzstan
anti-government unrest rocked Bishkek as thousands of protesters
stormed the main government building, set fire to the prosecutor's
office and looted state TV headquarters. At least 83 people were
killed and some 1500 injured in clashes nationwide.
(AP, 4/7/10)(AP, 4/8/10)(Econ, 4/17/10, p.46)
2010 Apr 8, Kyrgyzstan
President Kurmanbek Bakiyev told a Russian radio station he is not
admitting defeat despite a bloody uprising and the formation of an
interim government. Opposition leader Roza Otunbayeva, a former
foreign minister, said earlier parliament was dissolved and she
would head an interim government that would rule for six months
until elections were held. Otunbayeva replaced PM Daniyar Usenov
following his resignation. The country's new defense chief said that
the nation's 5 million people now have nothing to fear from the
(AP, 4/8/10)(SFC, 4/9/10, p.A2)(Econ, 4/10/10,
2010 Apr 13, Kyrgyzstan's
deposed president said he will resign if the interim authorities
guarantee his security, and the head of the security services said
he was ready to make such a promise. Kyrgyzstan's interim leader
said her government will extend the lease of a US air base key to
the war in Afghanistan.
2010 Apr 15, Deposed Kyrgyzstan
President Kurmanbek Bakiyev' left the country for neighboring
Kazakhstan, just hours after gunfire erupted at a rally where he was
speaking to supporters.
2010 Apr 20, Kyrgyzstan's
ousted president was in exile in Belarus, as the interim authorities
controlling the Kyrgyz capital warned he would be imprisoned if he
tried to return to the Central Asian country.
2010 Apr 27, In Kyrgyzstan the
leader of the interim authorities said ousted president Kurmanbek
Bakiyev has been charged with organizing mass killings in the deadly
uprising that forced him from office in this Central Asian country
earlier this month.
2010 May 3, Kyrgyzstan's
interim government offered cash rewards for information leading to
the arrest of fugitive relatives and colleagues of deposed President
Kurmanbek Bakiyev. Rewards from $20,000 to $100,000 were offered to
those who can help find them, colossal bounties in a country where
the average salary is $130 per month. Bakiyevís brother Zhanybek was
wanted for ordering police to open fire on protestors.
2010 May 13, In Kyrgyzstan
opponents of the interim rulers stormed two regional government
headquarters, threatening the delicate peace that has reigned since
the violent overthrow of the president last month.
2010 May 14, In Kyrgyzstan
gunfire erupted as hundreds of interim government backers fought
supporters of deposed Pres. Kurmanbek Bakiyev for control over
regional government buildings. At least one person was killed and
more than 60 injured in the worst violence since last month's
forceful government change.
2010 May 18, In Kyrgyzstan
several thousand people tried to storm a university in a burst of
ethnic violence that left at least 2 people dead and 50 wounded,
prompting the interim government to call a local state of emergency.
2010 May 19, In southern
Kyrgyzstan ethnic violence broke out in Jalalabad. Ethnic Kyrgyz
supporters of ousted Pres. Bakiyev clashed with the Uzbek minority,
supporters of the interim government.
(AP, 5/20/10)(SFC, 5/20/10, p.A2)
2010 Jun 7, Kyrgyzstan's
fragile interim government suffered its first major defection as
Edil Baisalov, the acting president's chief of staff, announced his
resignation and disclosed plans to create a new political party.
2010 Jun 10, In Kyrgyzstan five
simultaneous attacks by masked men carrying guns took place in Osh.
The perpetrators were said to be Bakiyev-financed criminal gangs and
ethnic Uzbek groups financed by someone else.
(Econ, 6/19/10, p.27)
2010 Jun 11, In southern
Kyrgyzstan clashes between the ethnic Kyrgyz and the minority Uzbek
community erupted overnight and killed at least 37 people leaving
more than 450 wounded in Osh. Officials declared a state of
emergency in part of the Central Asian nation that hosts US and
Russian military bases.
2010 Jun 13, Kyrgyz mobs burned
Uzbek villages and slaughtered their residents in the worst ethnic
rioting this Central Asian nation has seen in 20 years. Officials
said more than 75,000 Uzbek refugees have fled the rising ethnic
violence, amid reports of Kyrgyz mobs torching Uzbek villages and
slaughtering their residents. At least 371 people were killed in the
rioting that began on June 10.
(AP, 6/13/10)(Econ, 10/2/10, p.44)
2010 Jun 14, Some 100,000
minority Uzbeks fleeing a purge by mobs of Kyrgyz massed at the
border, as the deadliest ethnic violence to hit this Central Asian
nation in decades as fires raged in the southern city of Osh for a
2010 Jun 15, The Intíl. Red
Cross said several hundred people have been killed in Kyrgyzstan
since rioting began on June 10. The interim government blamed the
inner circle of former Pres. Bakiyev for inciting the rioting.
Uzbekistan closed its borders saying it could take no more refugees.
(AP, 6/15/10)(SFC, 6/16/10, p.A5)(Econ, 6/19/10,
2010 Jun 17, The United Nations
said some 400,000 people have been displaced by ethnic violence in
southern Kyrgyzstan, dramatically increasing the official estimate
of a crisis that has left throngs of desperate, fearful refugees
without enough food and water in grim camps along the Uzbek border.
2010 Jun 18, Kyrgyzstan's
interim Pres. Roza Otunbayeva said that 2,000 people may have died
in the ethnic clashes that have rocked the country's south, many
times her government's official estimate, as she made her first
visit to a riot-hit city since the unrest erupted.
2010 Jun 18, In Kyrgyzstan
Azimzhan Askarov (59), a reporter and human rights activist, set out
to report on the death of a police officer, but was instead accused
of inciting the crime. Kyrgyzstan broke ties with the US after the
State Department gave him a prestigious bravery award in 2015. In
2016 the UN determined his conviction was completely unjust.
2010 Jun 19, A top US envoy
called for an independent investigation into the violence that has
devastated southern Kyrgyzstan, as amateur video emerged of unarmed
Uzbeks gathering to defend their town during the attacks.
2010 Jun 21, Kyrgyz government
forces swept into an ethnic Uzbek village, beating men and women
with rifle butts in an assault that left at least two dead and more
than 20 wounded.
2010 Jun 22, Kyrgyzstan troops
reportedly beat several dozen men and women in an Uzbek neighborhood
in Osh in a raid that deepened refugees' fears about returning to an
area seared by an eruption of deadly ethnic violence.
2010 Jun 25, Kyrgyz authorities
said they have arrested Sandjar Bakiyev (27), a nephew of deposed
President Kurmanbek Bakiyev, and charged him with helping organize
the ethnic rioting that tore apart this Central Asian nation's
2010 Jun 27, Kyrgyzstan held a
referendum on a new constitution, amid deadly ethnic tensions. The
interim government hoped it would legitimize their hold on power
until new elections in October. Interim Pres. Roza Otunbayeva said
voters have approved a new constitution that will allow the nation
to form a legitimate government after months of turmoil.
(AP, 6/26/10)(AP, 6/27/10)
2010 Jun, In southern
Kyrgyzstan rioting and pogroms this month took over 400 lives.
(Econ, 4/20/13, p.46)
2010 Jul 3, In Kyrgyzstan Roza
Otunbayeva was sworn in as president. She would hold office for 18
months and would be ineligible to stand for election.
(SSFC, 7/4/10, p.A3)(Econ, 7/3/10, p.42)
2010 Jul 21, Kyrgyzstan police
detained Akhmat Bakiyev, a brother of deposed President Kurmanbek
Bakiyev, in the latest effort to solidify control over the country's
tense south and dismantle the former leader's entourage.
International health and rights groups said that minority ethnic
Uzbeks in southern Kyrgyzstan are being deprived of medical
treatment and opportunities to seek refuge in neighboring
(AP, 7/21/10)(AP, 7/22/10)
2010 Jul 27, Kyrgyzstan's
government appealed to an international donors conference for $1.2
billion in aid to rebuild the country after months of political and
2010 Aug 5, Kyrgyzstan
government forces fired into the air to disperse hundreds of
anti-government forces and arrested Urmat Baryktabasov, leader of
the Mekin-Tuu political party, backed by the family of former Pres.
(SFC, 8/6/10, p.A4)
2010 Aug 20, Kyrgyzstan's
interim government suffered a humiliating blow as Osh Mayor Melis
Myrzakmatov, a powerful opponent, refused to step down as mayor of
the southern city devastated by deadly ethnic violence two months
2010 Sep 15, In Kyrgyzstan the
Nooken District Court convicted Azimjon Askarov, an ethnic Uzbek, on
charges including complicity in murder, participating in mass
violence and hostage-taking during deadly ethnic unrest that roiled
the south in June. Amnesty International condemned the life sentence
saying Askarov had gathered evidence implicating police in the
violence before being detained. On Jan 24, 2017, a Kyrgyzstan court
upheld his life sentence.
(AP, 9/16/10)(AP, 1/24/17)
2010 Oct 10, In Kyrgyzstan
about 56% of eligible voters turned out to elect a new and empowered
parliament with the right to approve a government and appoint a
prime minister. The nationalist Ata-Zhurt party, which opposed the
new constitution, pulled ahead with around 8.6 percent of eligible
votes. The Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan, trailed in second
place with 8.2 percent of the eligible vote.
(AP, 10/10/10)(AP, 10/11/10)(Econ, 10/16/10,
2010 Nov 10, In Kyrgyzstan a
new and more powerful parliament convened for the first time, an
important step in the former Soviet nation's rough path toward
democratic reform. The Organization for Security and Cooperation in
Europe (OSCE) said Kyrgyzstan should build on the new constitutionís
provision of media freedoms and decriminalize defamation and libel.
2010 Nov 17, Kyrgyzstan put its
deposed president, Kurmanbek Bakiyev, on trial in his absence, with
prosecutors seeking a long prison term for Kurmanbek Bakiyev on
charges that he ordered troops to fire on demonstrators, killing 78
people. Bakiyev, in self-imposed exile in Belarus, was being tried
along with 27 other former officials for their alleged involvement
in the deaths during April street protests that led to the fall of
2010 Nov 24, A court in
southern Kyrgyzstan sentenced 17 people to life in jail for violence
that wracked the region in June. Judge Damirbek Nazarov ruled the
men killed 16 people on the highway linking the south with the
capital, Bishkek. All defendants in the trial that ended the
previous day were ethnic Uzbeks. International rights activists
largely agree the Uzbek minority sustained the bulk of the violence
that left 370 people dead.
2010 Nov 29, In southern
Kyrgyzstan at least four Islamic militants were killed in a clash
with security forces.
2010 Nov 30, In Kyrgyzstan
Social Democrat Party leader Almazbek Atambyev said that the leaders
of two other parties have agreed on posts they would take in the
government ending weeks of political uncertainty. Atambyev says he
is set to become prime minister.
2010 Dec 17, Kyrgyzstan's
fractious parliament named a new prime minister and formed a
government, ending weeks of political uncertainty. Social Democrat
Party leader Almazbek Atambayev was named premier with 92 out of 114
2010 The population of
Kyrgyzstan was about 5.4 million.
(Econ, 5/15/10, p.49)
2011 Feb 15, Kyrgyzstan
officials say budgetary constraints are forcing them to shoot an
estimated 10,000 stray dogs in Bishkek rather than build shelters
2011 Mar 3, A Kyrgyzstan court
sentenced Eugene Gourevich, an American businessman, to 15 years in
jail in absentia for selling a fuel depot in Kyrgyzstan to a US
company at $3 million below the market rate. Gourevich fled
Kyrgyzstan after the overthrow last year of President Kurmanbek
Bakiyev. Kyrgyz authorities believed the Bakiyev family benefited
financially from opaque fuel supply deals with the US air base.
2011 Apr 4, The 7-member Kyrgyz
Inquiry Commission (KIC) found that some military people were at
least complicit in ethnic clashes that rocked southern Kyrgyzstan
last June leaving some 470 people dead.
(Econ, 5/14/11, p.54)(http://tinyurl.com/3nrhdt6)
2011 Jul 11, Kyrgyzstan
President Roza Otunbayeva approved an amendment to the criminal code
to decriminalize libel.
2011 Jul 20, A magnitude-6.1
temblor centered in Kyrgyzstan hit shortly after midnight in a
mountainous area some 20 miles (35 km) away from the eastern Uzbek
city of Ferghana, which has a population of more than 200,000. The
earthquake killed at least 14 people, including 13 in Uzbekistan and
one in Tajikistan.
2011 Sep 3, In Tajikistan
leaders from eight former Soviet states (Armenia, Azerbaijan,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan)
gathered to celebrate enduring cooperation over the two decades
since their nations collectively gained independence, but mutual
acrimony and recriminations cast a shadow over the event.
2011 Sep 23, Kyrgyzstan's PM
Almazbek Atambayev said he will step aside and hand duties over to
his deputy in order to run in the Central Asian nation's Oct. 30
2011 Sep 27, Kyrgyzstan
officials said Gazpromneft-Aero Kyrgyzstan, a Russian-controlled
company, will soon start supplying 20 percent of the aviation fuel
to the Manas Transit Center, strategically vital US air base, and it
could eventually increase that share. Family members of the two
previous Kyrgyz presidents, both of whom were overthrown in popular
uprisings, have been accused of profiting from dealings with the
2011 Oct 30, Voters in
Kyrgyzstan cast their ballots in a presidential election that could
set a democratic example for authoritarian neighbors. The election
pitted front-runner Almazbek Atambayev against two popular
nationalist politicians, Kamchibek Tashiyev and Adakhan Madumarov.
Monitors from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in
Europe criticized irregularities as preliminary returns showed
Atambayev winning over 60 percent of votes.
(AP, 10/30/11)(AP, 10/31/11)
2011 Dec 16, In Kyrgyzstan 4
parties agreed to form a broad coalition government, a development
that could create much-needed political stability.
2011 Dec 28, In southern
Kyrgyzstan a Soviet-built jet operated by a Kyrgyz carrier broke its
wing, overturned and caught fire as it tried to land in deep fog in
Osh, leaving 31 people injured.
2012 Jan 28, It was reported
that more than 1,000 prisoners in Kyrgyzstan have sewn their lips
together, a grotesque act inmates describe as a protest of their
dismal conditions, but which authorities blame on organized criminal
gangs who resent attempts to break the power they wield in prisons.
2012 Feb 2, Kyrgyzstan's
government said it will reprimand officials responsible for allowing
contaminated radioactive coal to be imported into the country from
2012 Apr 9, Kyrgyzstan
authorities began testing members of the new anti-corruption agency
on live television in a bid to display an unusual level of
transparency in this corruption-riddled Central Asian nation.
2012 Apr 25, A Kyrgyzstan
utilities company turned off the gas supply to a major war memorial
in the capital, Bishkek, after city authorities failed to clear a
3-year $9,400 debt.
2012 Jun 4, NATO concluded
agreements with Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan to allow it to
evacuate military equipment from Afghanistan and completely bypass
(SFC, 6/5/12, p.A2)
2012 Aug 22, The 8-month old
government of Kyrgyzstan collapsed as a coalition partner defected
citing corruption and failure to turn the economy around. Kyrgyzstan
ranked 164th out of 183 countries in Transparency Internationalís
corruption perception index.
(Economist, 9/1/12, p.41)
2012 Oct 12, London police
arrested Maksim Bakiyev (34), the fugitive son of Kyrgyzstan's
deposed president, on a US extradition warrant on suspicion of
fraud. released on bail until his next court hearing on Dec 7.
2012 Dec 21, Kyrgyzstan's
state-owned natural gas company said it is to be sold to Russia's
energy monopoly Gazprom, raising hopes of an end to debilitating
energy shortages in the impoverished Central Asian nation.
2013 Feb, Kyrgyzstanís
Parliament voted to scrap its existing contract with Canadaís
Centerra Gold, operator of the Kumtor mine. This mine accounts for
as much as 12% of the countryís GDP and half of its exports, while
contributing nearly a tenth of the national budget.
(Econ, 3/16/13, p.42)
2013 Feb, The Kyrgyzstan
Supreme Court voted to keep secret the salaries of MPs.
(Econ, 3/16/13, p.42)
2013 May 3, An American KC-135
military tanker refueling plane carrying 3 crew members crashed in
the mountains of Kyrgyzstan, the Central Asian nation where the US
operates an air base key to the war in Afghanistan.
2013 May 21, Kyrgyzstan's
President Almazbek Atambayev reaffirmed that next year the Central
Asian nation will evict the US air base that supports military
operations in nearby Afghanistan.
2013 May 31, In Kyrgyzstan
hundreds of stone-throwing protesters besieged the offices of the
Kumtor gold mine, owned by Torontoís Centerra Gold, clashing with
riot police and prompting the Central Asian nation to declare a
state of emergency. Protesters wanted the mine to be nationalized
and the company to provide more benefits.
(AP, 5/31/13)(SFC, 6/1/13, p.A2)
2013 Jun 1, Kyrgyzstan
officials said protesters have lifted their blockade of a Canadian
gold mine in the east, but their supporters in the south continued
their siege of a local governor's headquarters.
2013 Jun 20, Kyrgyzstan
lawmakers voted 91-5 in favor of ending an agreement with the US to
lease the Manas Transit Center in June 2014. Annual rent for Manas
was $60 million and an additional $80 million was spent by the base.
Pres. Almazbek Atambayev signed the bill on Jun 25.
2013 Aug 27, Kyrgyzstan
officials scrambled to control the spread of bubonic plague that
killed a rural boy last week as three more people showed possible
symptoms of the disease.
2014 Jan 23, In Kyrgyzstan 11
people, believed to be members of a militant group of ethnic
Uighurs, were killed after illegally crossing the border from China.
2014 Mar 19, Kyrgyzstanís
governing coalition collapsed after a party withdrew its support
over unhappiness at the redevelopment of economically struggling
cities in the south.
2014 Apr, Russia-based Gasprom
took over Kyrgyzstanís gas network, pledging a stable gas supply.
Days later Uzbekistan stopped exporting gas to Kyrgyzstan saying it
had no contract to sell to Gasprom.
(Econ, 7/26/14, p.35)
2014 Jul 25, The Kyrgyzstan
Supreme Court found former president Kurmanbek Bakiyev guilty of
orchestrating the response to street protests in April 2010. He was
convicted and sentenced in absentia to life in prison for his role
in violently breaking up an opposition rally, resulting in 77
2014 Aug 25, Tajik police said
gun fire from Kyrgyzstan killed a border guard and one civilian and
wounded four other civilians. The Kyrgyz border force blamed the
incident on Tajikistan, saying Tajik servicemen had tried to erect a
border post "on an undelimited part of the border" and started to
destroy a bridge across a river used by Kyrgyz citizens.
2014 Sep 11, The Shanghai
Co-operation Organization (SCO) opened its 14th annual summit. The
2-day meeting in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, included the groups six
member countries: China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan
and Uzbekistan. The SCO agreed to adopt procedures for expansion
with India and Pakistan likely to join next year.
(Econ, 9/20/14, p.39)
2014 Nov 11, Kyrgyzstan
President Almazbek Atambayev, who has completed a tour seeking help
from neighboring countries, said that he obtained a preliminary
agreement for gas-rich Turkmenistan to supply up to 1 billion
kilowatt hours annually. Kazakhstan last week agreed to provide 1.4
billion kilowatt hours per year, around one-fifth of Kyrgyzstan's
2014 Dec 23, Russia and four
other ex-Soviet nations completed the creation of a new economic
alliance intended to bolster their integration. The Eurasian
Economic Union, which includes Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia
and Kyrgyzstan, comes to existence on Jan 1. Belarus President
Alexander Lukashenko cracked the ceremonial veneer of the meeting by
launching a harsh attack on Moscow for damaging Belarus' economic
interests with moves to restrict its exports to Russia.
2015 Feb, Kyrgyzstan arrested
Imam Rashot Kamalov, a popular Uzbek preacher, for talking of an
Islamic State caliphate.
(Econ., 5/2/15, p.35)
2015 Mar 27, Kyrgyzstanís
secret police, the GKNB, raided the office and home of lawyer
Khusanbay Saliev, who represented arrested Uzbek Imam Rashot
(Econ., 5/2/15, p.35)
2015 Mar 16, Russiaís Pres.
Putin made his first public appearance since March 5 meeting Kyrgyz
President Almazbek Atambayev at the Constantine Palace outside
Russia's second city of St. Petersburg. More than 45,000 Russian
troops as well as war planes and submarines started military
exercises across much of the country.
2015 Apr 30, Kyrgyzstan's
parliament voted to approve former economy minister Temir Sariyev as
prime minister after his predecessor resigned over a mining dispute
with Canada's Centerra Gold.
2015 May 21, Kyrgyzstan Pres.
Almazbek Atambayev signed a measure to join the Eurasian Economic
Union, a Russia-led trade bloc.
2015 Jul 16, Kyrgyzstan's
security police killed at least 2 members of an "international
terrorist organization" in a firefight near the center of the
capital Bishkek that was still going on. 6 militants killed by
security forces in Bishkek belonged to Islamic State. Another seven
were reported caught during the operation.
(Reuters, 7/16/15)(Reuters, 7/17/15)
2015 Jul 16, The US Department
of State conferred the 2014 Human Rights Defender Award on Azimjon
Askarov, a journalist and activist. His son Sherzod accepted it on
his behalf. Askarov, an ethnic Uzbek, was convicted of "organizing
mass disturbances" and stirring up ethnic hatred leading to the
killing of a policeman during clashes in southern Kyrgyzstan in June
2010, when more than 400 people were killed. The next day Kyrgyzstan
protested the award.
2015 Oct 4, Kyrgyzstan went to
the polls for a hotly-contested parliamentary vote.
2015 Oct 22, In Kyrgyzstan
shooting broke out on the outskirts of Bishkek between police and a
man believed to be one of the Islamist militants who escaped from a
local prison this month. police believed Altynbek Itibayev, who has
been convicted for murder and faces more charges, including those of
terrorism, had barricaded himself inside a small building with
another unidentified men.
2015 Nov 2, In Kyrgyzstan four
parties jointly holding a majority in parliament agreed to establish
a coalition and back incumbent PM Temir Sariyev, a move widely
expected after the parties' success in the elections last month.
2016 Mar 23, Kyrgyzstan's state
security body said it had audio recordings that showed several
opposition politicians planned mass riots to oust President Almazbek
Atambayev, but two of the accused politicians denounced the
recordings as fakes.
2016 Mar 24, Kyrgyzstan accused
Uzbekistan of building up its military presence at their shared
border in retaliation for Kyrgyzstan's attempt to reclaim a water
reservoir at a contested spot.
2016 Apr 11, Kyrgyz PM Temir
Sariyev and his cabinet resigned after a parliamentary commission
accused it of corruption, a move highlighting tensions between
different factions of President Almazbek Atambayev's supporters.
2016 May 12, Kyrgyzstan
security services arrested three politicians including a former
minister on charges of plotting a coup, ahead of an anti-government
rally later this month.
2016 May 30, Kyrgyzstan's Pres.
Almazbek Atambayev dismissed the police chief of the Central Asian
country after the arrests of politicians suspected of plotting a
2016 Aug 27, In Russia a fire
in a Moscow printing plant killed 17 people. A representative of the
Kyrgyz diaspora in Russia said all the dead were members of its
community. Some 500,000 Kyrgyz citizens worked in Russia.
2016 Aug 30, In Kyrgyzstan a
van driven by a suicide bomber exploded after ramming through a gate
at the Chinese embassy in Bishkek, injuring three people. Only the
suicide bomber died.
2016 Nov 3, The Kyrgyzstan
Social Democratic party formed a new governing coalition, comprising
lawmakers who a day earlier voted for constitutional reforms that
opponents say are aimed at extending President Almazbek Atambayev's
2016 Dec 11, Kyrgyzstan voters
cast ballots in a constitutional referendum that includes amendments
that boost the power of prime minister ó something opposition groups
have criticized in the ex-Soviet Central Asian nation.
2017 Jan 16, A Turkish cargo
jet crashed near Kyrgyzstan's Manas airport, killing at least 37
people including 4 crew members. Most of the dead were residents of
a village struck by the Boeing 747 as it tried to land in dense fog.
23 of 43 houses in the village were destroyed.
(Reuters, 1/16/17)(SFC, 1/17/17, p.A3)
2017 Feb 26, In Kyrgyzstan
hundreds of people protested after authorities detained a prominent
opposition leader on fraud and corruption charges that his
supporters say are politically motivated. Omurbek Tekebayev was
arrested early today after arriving at the main airport outside the
capital Bishkek on a flight from Vienna.
2017 Mar 25, In Kyrgyzstan
about 250 people had gathered in Bishkek to demand the release of
Sadyr Japarov, who was arrested when trying to enter the country
earlier in the day. Supporters tried to break through a police
cordon outside the national security agency's headquarters, but
police turned them back with flash grenades. Dozens were arrested.
Japarov had lived the past few years in Cyprus after serving a
prison sentence for organizing a 2013 protest that turned violent.
2017 Oct 15, Kyrgyzstan voted
in a presidential election with observers predicting no outright
winner and a close runoff between two pro-Russian candidates. The
main opposition candidate, oil tycoon Omurbek Babanov, has accused
the government of attacking his supporters and campaign staff.
President Almazbek Atambayev, who backed candidate Sooronbai
Jeenbekov, warned he would use any violence as an opportunity to
"cleanse" the country.
2017 Oct 16, European observers
said vote-buying and significant procedural problems marred
Kyrgyzstan's presidential vote, though they praised the move towards
an orderly transfer of power in the volatile ex-Soviet state.
Sooronbai Jeenbekov, a protege of the outgoing president, won the
elections with 55 percent, a stronger result than the near tie polls
2017 Oct 26, The office of
Kyrgyz President Almazbek Atambayev ordered that the country stop
commemorating marking the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution because "the
date is losing its significance." The order said Kyrgyzstan should
instead use November 7 to honor the victims of a bloody Tsarist
crackdown in the region in 1916. November 8 is set aside to remember
the Kyrgyz victims of Stalinist repression.
2017 Dec 25, The leaders of
Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan pledged to improve relations, after ties
between the two former Soviet republics degenerated into a trade war
under the previous Kyrgyz leadership.
2017 In Kyrgyzstan Sadyr
Japarov, a firebrand nationalist, was convicted of kidnapping a
2018 Feb 17, It was reported
that authorities in ex-Soviet Kazakhstan have arrested a lawmaker
from neighbouring Kyrgyzstan over contraband. Damirbek Asylbek uulu,
an MP with the ruling coalition, was arrested along with three other
2018 Apr 19, Kyrgyzstan
President Sooronbai Jeenbekov fired PM Sapar Isakov and the
government following a vote of no confidence.
2018 Apr 20, Kyrgyzstan's
parliament named Mukhammedkaliy Abylgaziyev as prime minister after
his nomination by the Social Democratic party which leads the ruling
coalition. He replaced Sapar Isakov whose cabinet lost a
no-confidence vote this week.
2018 Jun 5, Former Kyrgyzstan
PM Sapar Isakov was arrested on corruption charges related to
upgrading of the Bishkek Thermal Power Station.
2018 Sep 19, Human Rights Watch
said Kyrgyzstan has convicted hundreds of people for extremism by
using an excessively broad definition of the crime, and it urged the
largely Muslim Central Asian nation to review such cases. The
Bishkek government said that such cases would be reviewed after
legal reforms next year.
2019 Jun 27, Lawmakers in
Kyrgyzstan voted to lift the immunity of former president Almazbek
Atambayev (62), paving the way for a prosecution that could provoke
a political crisis in the fragile Central Asian state.
2019 Aug 7, Kyrgyzstan special
forces failed to capture former president Almazbek Atambayev during
a raid on his compound outside Bishkek. One officer was left dead
and a police chief in a critical condition.
2019 Aug 8, Kyrgyz security
forces launched a second raid on the house of former president
Almazbek Atambayev, after a failed attempt to arrest him the
previous day led to violent clashes with his followers. Atambayev
surrendered when police raided his home and detained him for
questioning over a corruption case, laying bare a power struggle
with his successor Sooronbai Jeenbekov that is pushing the Central
Asian nation to the brink of political crisis. In 2020 Atambayev was
sentenced to 11 years in prison on corruption charges.
(Reuters, 8/8/19)(AP, 8/13/19)(Econ., 6/27/20,
2019 Dec 2, In Kyrgyzstan Mira
Djangaracheva resigned as director of the national arts museum after
receiving death threats from supporters of right-wing nationalist
movements who saw the exhibition as offensive to traditional Kyrgyz
values. An art exhibition that featured a woman undressing in front
of an audience was censored by the government.
2020 Jan 31, The Trump
administration announced that it was restricting immigrants from six
additional countries that officials said failed to meet minimum
security standards, as part of an election-year push to further
clamp down immigration. Immigrants from Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar,
Eritrea, Nigeria, Sudan and Tanzania will face new restrictions in
obtaining certain visas to come to the United States.
2020 Mar 2, Kyrgyz riot police
used tear gas, stun grenades and water cannon to disperse hundreds
of anti-government protesters who approached the government
headquarters in the capital Bishkek. Some 2,000 protesters rallied
on Bishkek's central square earlier in the day to demand the release
of Sadyr Zhaparov, a former adviser to ex-president Kurmanbek
2020 Mar 8, Police in
Kyrgyzstan detained dozens of women's rights activists shortly after
journalists witnessed the protesters being attacked by masked men.
2020 Apr 15, It was reported
that Tajikistan has applied for the IMF's emergency financing,
becoming the second Central Asian nation to do so amid the global
crisis prompted by the novel coronavirus outbreak. Kyrgyzstan, which
has already received $121 million from the fund.
2020 Jun 17, Kyrgyzstan's
parliament approved Kubatbek Boronov as the new prime minister.
Former PM Mukhammedkalyi Abylgaziyev resigned on June 15 over a
scandal on whether the government had illegally sold radio
(SFC, 6/18/20, p.A2)
2020 Jun 23, Kyrgyz President
Sooronbai Jeenbekov abandoned plans to attend the Moscow 75th
anniversary Victory Day parade when two members of his delegation
tested positive for the virus after arriving in Moscow. He and the
delegation returned to Kyrgyzstan and the president went into
self-isolation. The parade for the May 9 Victory Day, Russiaís most
important secular holiday, was postponed to June 24 due to the
2020 Jul 25, Azimzhan Askarov
(69), an ethnic Uzbek rights activist and human rights defender in
Kyrgyzstan, died in a prison clinic. He was serving a life term on
charges of involvement in ethnic violence that were widely
criticized as trumped-up. He had documented violence and looting
during the June 2010 violence between ethnic Kyrgyz and minority
Uzbeks in the southern cities of Osh and Jalal-Abad tat left 470
2020 Oct 6, The Central
Election Commission of Kyrgyzstan declared the results of the Oct. 4
parliamentary election invalid a day after having awarded the
majority of seats to two political parties with ties to the
president, Sooronbai Jeenbekov sparking mass protests in Bishkek,
and other cities. Opposition groups seized physical control of
Parliament in protest of parliamentary elections they called rigged.
(AP, 10/6/20)(NY Times, 10/7/20)
2020 Oct 9, Kyrgyzstan
President Sooronbai Jeenbekov ordered a nearly two-week state of
emergency in Bishkek in a bid to end turmoil sparked by a disputed
parliamentary election as clashes between rival factions escalated
and gunshots were fired at several political leaders. But just hours
after the presidential decree, the Interior Ministry said the state
of emergency in the capital would only be introduced the following
2020 Oct 10, Authorities in
Kyrgyzstan arrested former president Almazbek Atambayev, banned
rallies and imposed a curfew in Bishkek, seeking to end a week of
turmoil sparked by a disputed parliamentary election. Atambayev was
arrested on charges of organizing riots.
2020 Oct 11, Kyrgyzstanís
parliament installed Sadyr Japarov, a convicted kidnapper, as the
countryís new prime minister less than a week after protesters broke
him out of prison. Immediately after Mr Japarov called for President
Sooronbai Jeenbekov to resign. This would allow him to consolidate
power and complete Kyrgyzstanís third revolution in 15 years.
2020 Oct 14, Kyrgyzstan's Pres.
Sooronbai Jeenbekov endorsed the appointment of Sadyr Zhaparov as
prime minister. The former lawmaker was freed from jail by
demonstrators last week. Jeenbekov also approved Zhaparov's new
2020 Oct 15, Kyrgyzstanís
embattled Pres. Sooronbai Jeenbekov (Jeyenbekov) said he was
resigning following protests over a disputed parliamentary election,
the third time in 15 years that a leader of the Central Asian
country has been ousted by a popular uprising.
(AP, 10/15/20)(Econ., 1/16/21, p.28)
2020 Oct 16, Kyrgyzstan's PM
Sadyr Zhaparov (Japarov) became the acting head of state in the wake
of Pres. Sooronbai Jeenbekov's resignation.
(SFC, 10/17/20, p.A2)(Econ., 10/17/20, p.33)
2021 Jan 10, Kyrgyzstan voters
gave Sadyr Zhaparov, nationalist politician who was released from
prison amid protests that overthrew Pres. Sooronbai Jeenbekov last
year, a landslide 79% victory and approved a referendum to change
the constitution to give the presidency more power.
2021 Feb 24, Russian President
Vladimir Putin hosted Sadyr Zhaparov (52), the newly elected
president of Kyrgyzstan, voicing hope for political stability in the
Central Asian nation that recently saw a violent change of
government for the third time in 15 years.
2021 Apr 29, Kyrgyzstan and
Tajikistan traded blame for cross-border shelling and clashes that
left at least one person dead.
(SFC, 4/30/21, p.A4)
2021 May 1, Kyrgyzstan and
Tajikistan agreed to withdraw troops from their borders following an
outburst of intense fighting that killed about 40 people.
(SSFC, 5/2/21, p.A6)