Timeline Malawi

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Formerly Nyasaland. Located on the west and south shores of Lake Nyasa, east of Zambia. Its area is 49,177 sq. miles. The capital is Lilongwe.
    (WUD, 1994, p.867)(www.go2africa.com/malawi/lilongwe)
1859        Dr. David Livingstone, Scottish missionary, arrived in Malawi. The town of Livingstonia was later named in his honor.
    (SFC, 8/18/99, p.A10)

1859        Maize replaced the native crops in Malawi soon after the arrival of David Livingstone. It had been introduced in Africa in the 16th century by Portuguese colonizers as a reliable staple for slaving outposts.
    (WSJ, 11/15/05, p.A12)

1890        An agreement between colonial powers stipulated the border between Malawi and Tanzania as lying along the Tanzanian shore of the waters of Lake Malawi.
    (AFP, 7/31/12)

1901        Feb 23, Britain and Germany agreed on a boundary between German East Africa [later Tanganyika, Rwanda and Burundi] and Nyasaland [later Malawi].
    (HN, 2/23/98)(WUD, 1994, p.593,990)

1915        Jan 23, John Chilembwe (1871-1915) staged an uprising in Malawi. He and 200 followers attacked local plantations that they considered to be oppressing African workers. They killed three white plantation staff, including plantation owner William Jervis Livingstone, whom they beheaded in front of his wife and small daughter.

1915        Feb 3, In Malawi John Chilembwe, a preacher and anticolonialist rebel, was slain. His picture was later put on every Malawi banknote.
    (SSFC, 1/15/12, p.H3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Chilembwe)

1925        In San Francisco the 17-story Pacific Gas & Electric Co. building was built at 245 Market. It was designed by architects Bakewell and Brown.
    (SSFC, 1/15/12, p.C10)

1958        Dr. Kamuzu Banda came home to help campaign for independence and received a hero’s welcome. He had graduated from Meharry Medical School in Nashville in 1937 and worked as a doctor in Britain.
    (SFC,11/27/97, p.B8)

1959        Mar 3, British government arrested Hastings Banda of Nyasaland (later Malawi), and ended an emergency crisis.
    (SC, 3/3/02)

1963         The population of Malawi was estimated at about 3.75 million.
    (WSJ, 1/2/98, p.8)

1964        Jul 6, Malawi, a former British protectorate and part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, gained independence.
    (WUD, 1994, p.867)

1964        Vera and Orton Chirwa, lawyers, helped Malawi gain independence. Political turmoil soon forced them into exile. Dr. Kamuzu Banda established a dictatorship and ruled for 30 years. Soon after independence Banda jailed 400 opponents who he said were planning armed rebellion.
    (SFEC, 1/19/96, Parade p.5)(SFC,11/27/97, p.B8)

1965        The Liowande Ferry sank in the Shire River and some 150 passengers were reportedly eaten by crocodiles.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.C3)

1966        Kamuzu Banda declared Malawi a one-party state.
    (SFC,11/27/97, p.B8)

1971        In Malawi Kamuzu Banda (c1896-1997) named himself president for life. He served as president from 1961 to 1994.
    (SFC,11/27/97, p.B8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hastings_Banda)
1971        The kwacha became the currency of Malawi, replacing the Malawian pound. It is divided into 100 tambala.

1980        Apr 1, The southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC) was established by 9 countries with the Lusaka declaration (Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe). The main aim was coordinating development projects in order to lessen economic dependence on apartheid South Africa.  On August 17, 1992, it was transformed into the Southern African Development Community (SADC). By 2008 it included 15 members.

1981        Vera and Orton Chirwa were abducted from Zambia by Malawi security officials, charged with treason and imprisoned separately and incommunicado for 11 years. Orton Chirwa died in prison in 1992.
    (SFEC, 1/19/97, Par p.5)(www.tomblock.com/detail.php?id=179)

1983        In Malawi 4 dissident politicians were murdered. Dr. Attati Mpakati was found murdered in central Harare, Zimbabwe while on a private visit. Dick Matenje, the Secretary-General of MCP and two other senior politicians died in a mysterious car accident, their deaths coming at a time when they were being seen as possible successors to Banda. In 1995 former dictator Banda and his “official hostess” Cecilia Kadzamira were cleared of murder charges after an 8-month trial (www.sardc.net/SD/sd_factfile_malawi.htm).
    (SFC,11/27/97, p.B8)

1992        Oct 20, In Malawi Orton Chirwa, a lawyer who helped establish the country’s independence, died in prison. He was Malawi’s first Minister of Justice.
    (SFEC, 1/19/96, Par p.5)(www.hrw.org/reports/1993/WR93/Afw-04.htm)

1992        Malawi passed a moratorium on the death penalty.
    (AFP, 11/22/07)

1992        A major drought ravaged the small farmers of Malawi.
    (SFC, 12/9/05, p.A25)

1993        Vera Chriwa was released from prison and took up working in legal and human rights education.
    (SFEC, 1/19/96, Parade p.5)

1994        Bakili Muluzi was elected president in the first multiparty elections.
    (SFC,11/27/97, p.B8)
1994        In Malawi a ban on women wearing pants ended following the end of the long dictatorship of Kamuzu Banda.
    (AFP, 1/18/12)

1997        Nov 25, Dr. Kamuzu Banda (99), dictator of Malawi from 1964-1994, died in South Africa (www.dispatch.co.za/1997/11/27/page%2019.htm). His official birthday was given as May 14, 1906.
    (SFC,11/27/97, p.B8)

1997        Bakili Muluzi commuted all death sentences and pledged that there would be no executions under his presidency.
    (SFC, 10/21/98, p.A10)

2002        Oct 21, In Malawi police arrested Gwanda Chakuamba, the main opposition leader, accusing him of impersonating President Bakili Muluzi by signing the president's name to a controversial letter on statehouse stationery. The arrest came amid a government crackdown on opponents of a constitutional amendment that would allow Muluzi to run for a third term when his second five-year term expires in 2004. Chakuamba was released the same day.
    (AP, 10/21/02)(AP, 10/22/02)

2003        Jan 17, Massive flooding caused by Cyclone Delfina ravaged parts of Malawi and Mozambique, washing away homes and crops, submerging roads and bridges, and cutting off electricity in the impoverished nations.
    (AP, 1/17/03)

2003          Feb 23, In Malawi a lion, who escaped from Kasungu National Park and attacked and killed about 7 people, was shot and killed by game hunters.
    (AP, 2/24/03)

2003        Jun 28, Malawi's army was deployed to quell violent riots after demonstrators attacked an American children's charity and several churches to protest the removal of five Muslim foreign nationals suspected of working for al-Qaida.
    (AP, 6/29/03)

2003        Aug 31, At least 675,000 people in Malawi urgently need food aid despite the country's good harvest, the UN World Food Program reported.
    (AP, 8/31/03)

2004        Jan 29, Widespread drought was reported across southern Africa. Lesotho, Malawi, South Africa and Zimbabwe were all affected.
    (SFC, 1/29/04, p.A16)

2004        May 20, Voters in Malawi, one of the world's poorest nations, flocked to the polls for their third multiparty elections in a decade. Bingu wa Mutharika, Pres. Muluzi’s handpicked successor, was declared the winner. The ruling party lost its parliamentary majority.
    (AP, 5/20/04)(SFC, 5/24/04, p.A3)

2004        May 24, In Malawi opposition supporters rioted as Bingu wa Mutharika was sworn in as president.
    (WSJ, 5/25/04, p.A1)

2004        Jul 15, The Gates Foundation announced a $44.7 million award at the AIDS Conference in Bangkok to a consortium of TB and AIDS researchers. The 2 diseases were often linked. A UN report cited 7 countries as the hardest hit by the AIDS pandemic: Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Lesotho, Zambia, Malawi, the Central African Republic and Mozambique.
    (WSJ, 7/15/04, p.B1)(SFC, 7/16/04, p.A6)

2004        Malawi Pres. Bingu wa Mutharika closed the country’s embassy in Libya soon after his election.
    (AFP, 12/23/07)
2005        Feb 1, Malawi Health Minister Heatherwick Ntaba said AIDS kills about 10 people every hour in Malawi and the government is increasingly unable to cope with the crisis.
    (Reuters, 2/2/05)

2005        Aug, The UN appealed for $88 million to feed the people of Malawi. The World Bank said it would give $30 million.
    (Econ, 10/8/05, p.55)

2005        Oct 15, A worsening food crisis threatening millions of people prompted Malawi's Pres. Bingu wa Mutharika to declare the African nation a "disaster area" and call for more international aid.
    (AP, 10/15/05)

2005        Nov 24, The UN food agency said the United States has thrown a lifeline to six southern African countries, donating food aid valued at $45 million. The food will be distributed across Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
    (AP, 11/24/05)

2005        Nov, In Malawi Marvin Hanke, executive director of the radio soap opera “Zima Chitika” (So it Happens), pushed the message that nsima, a bland corn porridge, was not the nation’s only food. The program was produced by Story Workshop, a Blantyre-based group  with a grant by the EU’s food security program.
    (WSJ, 11/15/05, p.A1)

2005        Malawi Pres. Bingu wa Mutharika (1934-2012) fixed the exchange rate. Administrative measures were put in place to control the exchange rate with other currencies. Mutharika steadfastly refused to make a major devaluation, which he argued would hurt the poor.
    (AFP, 5/8/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malawian_kwacha)
2005        In Malawi Gospel Kazako (37), the son of a security guard and a homemaker, started his ZBS radio station. In 2009 the Malawi Electoral Commission, in consultation with all political parties in Malawi, chose ZBS over state-run MBC as the official broadcaster for the general elections because it was trusted. In 2011 president accused the station of fanning anti-government demonstrations that turned violent.
    (AP, 9/22/11)

2006        Jul 27, Malawi's former President Bakili Muluzi was arrested on corruption charges related to millions of dollars in donor funds that allegedly ended up in his personal account. He was released on bail after being questioned. Muluzi faced 42 counts of theft, corruption and breach of trust.
    (AP, 7/28/06)

2006        Jul 31, Malawi's top prosecutor said theft and corruption charges against the former president Bakili Muluzi have been dropped after Pres. Bingu wa Mutharika suspended the chief investigator in the case.
    (AP, 7/31/06)

2006        Aug 10, Malawi's President Bingu wa Mutharika demanded the resignation of Ishmael Wadi, a top prosecutor, for withdrawing corruption charges against the nation's previous leader. Wadi dropped the charges after Mutharika suspended the head of the anti-corruption bureau, Gustave Kaliwo. Wadi said the suspension left the bureau with no powers to prosecute.
    (AP, 8/10/06)

2006        Oct 4, In Malawi pop singer Madonna traveled to a village 12 miles outside the capital Lilongwe, where she is funding the construction of a center to feed and educate about 1,000 orphans.
    (Reuters, 10/5/06)

2006        Oct 12, Madonna and her husband took custody of a motherless 1-year-old boy in Malawi after a judge granted her an 18-month interim order to take David Banda out of the country. The next day Madonna jetted out of Malawi, leaving behind the 13-month-old boy she planned to adopt. The swift granting of the interim order angered some rights groups which called upon the Malawian government to put the order on hold in the interests of the child's future. Banda left Malawi on a small private jet Oct16.
    (SFC, 10/13/06, p.E15)(AFP, 10/13/06)(Reuters, 10/16/06)

2007        Feb 3, Maize reportedly occupied 90% of the cultivated land in Malawi.
    (Econ, 2/3/07, p.80)

2007        Feb 26, Malawi's vice president pleaded innocent to charges of treason and conspiring to murder the president at the start of his trial.
    (AP, 2/26/07)

2007        Mar 8, In Malawi Garnet Halliday (50),  a senior Australian mining executive in charge of the development of a new uranium mine, died with his pilot when his chartered light aircraft crashed.
    (AP, 3/8/07)

2007        Jun 4, The Institute for Democracy in South Africa (IDASA) said a study of mortality patterns in South Africa, Malawi, Namibia, Zambia, Tanzania and Senegal indicated Africa's HIV/AIDS crisis was reaching deep into elected governments.
    (Reuters, 6/4/07)

2007        Jul 16, Health officials in Malawi prepared to launch a massive HIV testing program to identify tens of thousands of people unknowingly infected with the virus.
    (AP, 7/16/07)

2007        Aug 10, Malawi said it will deploy 800 troops to Darfur in Sudan to serve in the future United Nations-African Union peacekeeping force.
    (AFP, 8/10/07)

2007        Aug 20, A report showed tiny fish farms have helped 1,200 poor families hit by AIDS in Malawi to raise their incomes and improve their diets in a scheme being expanded to other African nations.
    (AP, 8/20/07)

2007        Oct 20,     Malawi's second opposition party suspended its national convention after 26 supporters died in a road accident on the way to the conference. The supporters of the Alliance for Democracy, or AFORD, died the previous night when the truck they were traveling in overturned in the central mountainous district of Dedza.
    (AP, 10/20/07)

2007        Dec 12, It was reported that William Kamkwamba (20) of Masitala, Malawi, had built 3 windmills using blue-gum trees and bicycle parts after seeing a picture in an old text book.
    (WSJ, 12/12/07, p.A1)

2007        Dec 23, Media reported that Malawi has asked Libya to close its mission in Lilongwe. The Mutharika administration had suspicions that Libya funds Muluzi's United Democratic Front, which is seeking to unseat Mutharika in elections in 2009.
    (AFP, 12/23/07)

2007        Malawi deported Michael Sata, the head of the Zambian opposition, after he flew there on personal business and to meet former Malawi president Bakili Muluzi.
    (AP, 10/15/11)

2008        Jan 4, Taiwan's ties with its ally Malawi were shaky after the African country snubbed the island's top diplomat in an aborted visit to the African nation aimed at persuading it to resist diplomatic wooing by China.
    (AP, 1/4/08)

2008        Jan 8, A government spokeswoman said Taiwan cannot match China's reported $6 billion aid offer to Malawi, but hopes a legacy of goodwill can convince the African nation not to switch allegiance to its giant neighbor.
    (AP, 1/8/08)

2008        Jan 14, Taiwan reported that Malawi has cut diplomatic ties with Taiwan in favor of relations with China, which has been using its rising political and economic clout to reduce the number of countries who recognize the island. Chinese state media said Beijing and Malawi had established diplomatic relations late last month.
    (AP, 1/14/08)

2008        Jan 17, Rains battered portions of flood-ravaged southern Africa, killing at least three people in Malawi and forcing Zambia to declare a national disaster.
    (AP, 1/17/08)

2008        May 13, In Malawi police arrested former security and political leaders over allegations they wanted to overthrow the government of Pres. Bingu Mutharika.
    (WSJ, 5/14/08, p.A13)

2008        Jun 8, Malawi began its fifth census since its 1964 independence from Britain, a decade after the last head count was held in the AIDS-blighted and impoverished nation.
    (AP, 6/8/08)

2008        Sep 16, Malawi withdrew its recognition of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), proclaimed by the Polisario Front in the disputed territory of Western Sahara. SADR was declared in 1976 by the Polisario Front, a rebel movement that wants independence for Western Sahara. Their a guerilla war against Rabat's forces ended with a ceasefire in 1991.
    (AFP, 9/17/08)

2009        Apr 3, A Malawi judge rejected Madonna's request to adopt a second child from Malawi even though the country's child welfare minister had supported Madonna's application to raise the 3-year-old girl.
    (AP, 4/3/09)

2009        Apr 6, In Zambia western nations and lending agencies meeting in Lusaka agreed a financing package of more than $1 billion to improve infrastructure in southern and central Africa at an investment conference meant to expand transport links and trade. Britain said it would separately provide 100 million pounds ($149.2 million) to transform the region's infrastructure to increase trade and mitigate the effects of the global financial crisis. New projects will link businesses in 8 African countries: Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Malawi, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa.
    (AP, 4/6/09)

2009        May 19, Malawi held elections. Voters chose between re-electing Malawi's President Bingu wa Mutharika (75) or replacing him with challenger John Tembo (77) backed by his predecessor. The race between Mutharika and Tembo was too close to predict going into the polls. Mutharika, a former World Bank official credited with bringing economic gains to the southern African nation of 12 million, won the national election with about 66% of the vote.
    (AP, 5/19/09)(AP, 5/22/09)

2009        Jun 8, In Malawi an international organization began moving more than 60 elephants from Phirilongwe village, south of Lake Malawi, to the Majete Wildlife Reserve. Local farmers had used violence to protect their crops from raids by the elephants, and at least 10 people and a number of elephants have recently died in such confrontations.
    (AP, 6/8/09)

2009        Nov 9, In Malawi two opposition leaders were convicted of sedition and inciting violence while campaigning. A judge sentenced each to 20 months in prison with hard labor. These were the first sedition convictions since the late dictator Hastings Kamuzu Banda's 1963-1994 rule.
    (AP, 11/10/09)

2009        Dec 20, In Malawi a 6.0 earthquake destroyed several buildings in the southeastern Karonga district, killing at least three people and injuring about 200.
    (AP, 12/20/09)

2009        Dec 27, In Malawi officials arrested 2 men for celebrating their engagement to each other in a ceremony on Dec 26. Stevem Monjeza (26) and Tiwonge Chimbalanga (20) were charged with indecency and could get 5 to 14 years in jail if convicted.
    (SFC, 12/30/09, p.A2)(SFC, 1/19/10, p.A2)

2010        Jan 31, In Ethiopia UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon attended the AU's annual summit in Addis Ababa and again failed to pledge peacekeepers for Somalia. Ban Ki-Moon criticized power-grabs in Africa in a speech to the continent's leaders as Libya's Moamer Kadhafi reluctantly handed over the presidency of the African Union to Malawian President Bingu wa Mutharika. The AU agreed to consider a Senegalese proposal to resettle Haiti's earthquake homeless and possibly create a state for them in Africa.
    (Reuters, 1/31/10)(AFP, 1/31/10)(Reuters, 1/31/10)

2010        Feb 3, New African Union President Bingu wa Mutharika of Malawi said that food security, transport infrastructure and energy will be his priorities.
    (AFP, 2/3/10)

2010        May 18, In Malawi a gay couple, arrested after throwing a party to celebrate their engagement in this conservative southern African country, were convicted of unnatural acts and gross indecency. On May 20 a judge sentenced the couple to the maximum 14 years in prison with hard labor under Malawi's anti-gay legislation. On May 29 President Bingu wa Mutharika announced a pardon and ordered their release. 
    (AP, 5/18/10)(AP, 5/20/10)(AP, 5/29/10)

2010        Aug 15, In Mali 2 survivors of a failed journey said 12 African nationals trying to illegally enter Europe died from thirst and hunger in the Algerian desert.
    (AFP, 8/15/10)

2010        Oct 14, In Mali a 2-day meeting of the G8 countries, looking at how to counter the threat posed by Islamic militants in northwest Africa, concluded. An al-Qaida-linked group was currently holding five French citizens and two others hostage in the area. The meeting brought together counterterrorism experts in the G8's Counter Terrorism Action Group as well as participants from African countries in the region, the United Nations and regional bodies.
    (AP, 10/14/10)

2011        Feb 12, Malawi drew criticism from donor countries over "certain negative trends" in the poor southern African nation, including a new law that allows publications to be banned.
    (AFP, 2/12/11)

2011        Feb, Malawi ordered civil servants to open bank accounts so that they can receive electronic paycheck deposits, as a means to crack down on fraud in the civil service.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)

2011        Apr 2, Malawi officials closed two university campuses indefinitely because of violent protests over what students and professors call threats to academic freedom.
    (AP, 4/2/11)

2011        Apr, Malawi President Mutharika signed for a $350 million grant with the US agency Millennium Challenge Corporation. On July 26 Millennium Challenge said it was "deeply concerned by recent events in Malawi and is placing an immediate hold on all program operations in order to review its partnership with Malawi."
    (AFP, 7/27/11)(AP, 7/27/11)

2011        Jun, The IMF said its program with Malawi was "off-track" as the government, amid worsening ties with donors, had failed to review a $79.4-million (55.7-million-euro) credit facility meant to cushion the chronic foreign exchange shortages.
    (AFP, 3/31/12)

2011        Jul 14, Britain's Department for International Development (DFID) announced its was suspending budgetary aid to Malawi over poor governance, as fast-deteriorating relations between the two countries reached a new low. The Malawi opposition quickly blamed President Bingu wa Mutharika's "sheer arrogance" for the decision.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)

2011        Jul 20, In Malawi demonstrations in the commercial center of Blantyre, in the capital and other major towns turned violent as protesters also looted several shops belonging to ruling party officials and allies of President Bingu wa Mutharika. At least one person was killed and several others injured.
    (AP, 7/20/11)

2011        Jul 21, Mzuzu, Malawi, suffered half of the deaths from two days of protests and rioting left at least 19 dead across the impoverished country. More than 275 people were arrested across the country during two days of rioting.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)(AFP, 8/9/11)

2011        Jul 22, Malawi authorities blocked a mass funeral for seven people killed during rioting in the northern town of Mzuzu, as troops patrolled main cities to prevent fresh unrest.
    (AFP, 7/22/11)

2011        Jul 26, In Malawi more than 250 people appeared in courts to face charges over violent anti-government demonstrations last week.
    (AP, 7/26/11)

2011        Aug 9, Malawi’s central bank devalued its currency by 10 percent as it sought to revive a stalled program with the International Monetary Fund.
    (AFP, 8/10/11)

2011        Sep 6, In Malawi a pro-democracy campaigner trumped the ruling party candidate in a critical by-election that signaled increasing opposition to Pres. Bingu wa Mutharika's 7-year rule.
    (AP, 9/7/11)

2011        Sep 21, In Malawi shops, banks and even some government offices closed across the country beginning a three-day general strike called by the opposition.
    (AP, 9/21/11)

2011        Sep 24, In Malawi Robert Chasowa (25), a pro-democracy activist, allegedly jumped from a five-story building and left a note saying he was killing himself because politics are dangerous. Chasowa's family and fellow activists said his injuries are not consistent with such a fall. His death raised suspicions amid attacks on anti-government critics.
    (AP, 9/26/11)(Econ, 10/8/11, p.62)

2011        Oct 13, Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir arrived in Malawi for a regional trade summit, in defiance of the international war crimes warrant against him.
    (AFP, 10/13/11)

2011        Oct 14, Malawi agreed to allow back into the country new Zambian President Michael Sata, who had been deported four years ago while still head of the Zambian opposition. Malawi also agreed to allow back Britain's ambassador, who was expelled in April after criticizing President Bingu wa Mutharika.
    (AFP, 10/15/11)

2011        Oct 15, Malawi hosted six heads of state at a meeting of the 19-member Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).
    (AFP, 12/12/11)

2011        Oct 25, Malawi’s Anti-Corruption Bureau said Richard Kapinga (42), a government accounts officer earning about $300 a month, has been arrested after authorities found $2.4 million in his bank accounts.
    (AFP, 10/25/11)

2011        Nov 13, A Malawi high court official said some 14 local sex workers arrested by police and forced to undergo HIV tests two years ago have sued the government for "unfair action and violating their privacy." The sex workers were charged for trading in sex while having a sexually transmitted disease. They were fined $7 (K1,200) and set free. About 14% of the country's 13 million citizens are infected with HIV.
    (AFP, 11/13/11)

2011        Nov 22, A survey of some 6,000 people over the last 12 months in Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia and  Zimbabwe said police are the most corrupt institution in the six countries.
    (AFP, 11/22/11)

2011        Dec 12, The world court (ICC) said it was referring Malawi to the UN Security Council over its refusal to arrest Sudan's Pres. Omar al-Bashir, wanted by the court for genocide, during his October visit for a meeting of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).
    (AFP, 12/12/11)

2011        The population of Malawi was about 13 million with half living below the poverty line.
    (AP, 7/22/11)

2012        Jan 9, Malawi's courts ground to a halt as some 2,000 judicial workers began an indefinite strike over work conditions and higher pay.
    (AFP, 1/9/12)

2012        Jan 18, Malawi said police have arrested a gang that had been terrorizing trouser-wearing women in the capital Lilongwe by stripping off their clothes.
    (AFP, 1/18/12)

2012        Jan 20, In Malawi hundreds of outraged girls and women, among them prominent politicians, protested the recent public stripping of women of their miniskirts and pants. Many wore pants or miniskirts and T-shirts emblazoned with such slogans as: "Real men don't harass women." Men also took part.
    (AP, 1/20/12)

2012        Jan 23, In Malawi scores of lawyers wore their court white wigs and black robes as they marched around court buildings in the commercial capital, Blantyre, to support court clerks who have been striking for higher pay for two weeks. The strikers have said they won't return to work until they get increases of 40% promised in 2006 and 50% promised in 2009. Clerks earned an average of 16,200 kwacha ($100) a month.
    (AP, 1/23/12)

2012        Feb 6, Malawi police fired tear gas to disperse stone-throwing vendors resisting orders they move off the streets to designated flea markets.
    (AP, 2/6/12)

2012        Mar 14, Malawi riot police patrolled the streets of Blantyre and Lilongwe as a leading rights group defied a ban and opened a meeting on political and economic reforms. The government has accused the Public Affairs Committee of holding the meeting to call for the resignation of President Bingu wa Mutharika, whom the group accuses of mismanaging the economy and trampling on democratic freedoms.
    (AFP, 3/14/12)

2012        Mar 17, Malawi's leading rights activist John Kapito, who was detained by police for possession of foreign currency, was released on bail. Police conducted a two-hour search at his home looking for guns and T-shirts he had printed that had words promoting the overthrow of the government.
    (AFP, 3/18/12)

2012        Mar 20, Malawi police arrested an opposition lawmaker who is the son of ex-president Bakili Muluzi, after his supporters torched a police station over the weekend.
    (AFP, 3/20/12)

2012        Mar 31, The IMF again pressured impoverished Malawi to devalue its currency, which is trading on the black market at nearly double the official exchange rate.
    (AFP, 3/31/12)

2012        Apr 5, Malawi's President Bingu wa Mutharika (78) died after a heart attack. Under the constitution, Vice President Joyce Banda (b.1950) is next in line. But that succession is politically fraught because Mutharika kicked her out of the ruling party in 2010 as he chose to groom his brother as heir apparent instead of her.
    (AFP, 4/6/12)

2012        Apr 7, In Malawi Joyce Banda was sworn as the new president, the nation's first female leader. She called for reconciliation after the divisive Bingu wa Mutharika died in office.
    (AFP, 4/7/12)

2012        Apr 10, Malawi's new President Joyce Banda unveiled a shake-up of top officials charged with government finances and media, purging loyalists of the late leader Bingu wa Mutharika.
    (AFP, 4/10/12)

2012        Apr 26, Malawi's new president Joyce Banda named a 23-member cabinet but gave herself several key portfolios to beef up her powers as southern Africa's first female president.
    (AFP, 4/26/12)

2012        May 7, Malawi floated its currency, with the kwacha plunging a third against the US dollar, as the impoverished nation bowed to a key demand of the International Monetary Fund to fix its troubled economy. Official exchange rates put one dollar at 250 kwacha, compared to 166 kwacha on May 4, a 33.598 percent value drop.
    (AFP, 5/8/12)

2012        May 12, The presidents of Mozambique and Malawi signed an electricity agreement in Maputo in a first step to restore troubled relations between the two southern African neighbors.
    (AFP, 5/12/12)

2012        May, Malawi's president Joyce Banda announced that she wants to repeal laws against homosexual acts, going against a trend in a continent in which gays are being increasingly singled out for prosecution. Traditionalists and religious leaders condemned her, saying she was trying to please Western donor nations. They argued that homosexuality is alien to Malawi's cultural and religious values.
    (AP, 11/8/12)

2012        Jun 6, The International Monetary Fund said Malawi is set for a $157-million (125-million euro) 3-year IMF loan to fix its troubled economy which has been hit by global aid suspensions.
    (AFP, 6/6/12)

2012        Jun 8, Malawi's finance minister said civil servants will receive an average 21-percent pay increase, as he presented the country's $1-billion (820-million euro) budget. The state said it will also recruit 16,000 schoolteachers.
    (AFP, 6/8/12)

2012        Jun 18, In Malawi a boat carrying about 60 illegal immigrants from Ethiopia capsized on Lake Malawi. All aboard were feared drowned.
    (AP, 6/21/12)

2012        Jul 6, Malawi's President Joyce Banda released 377 prisoners to mark 48 years of independence from Britain, but left child rapists to "die" behind bars.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)

2012        Jul 17, Britain’s visiting minister for Africa, Henry Bellingham, said Britain will give its poor former colony Malawi additional aid of 24 million pounds for its economic recovery program.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)

2012        Jul 20, The African Development Bank gave impoverished Malawi $40 million in budget help, just days after two of the country's biggest donors, the World Bank and Britain unveiled new aid packages.
    (AFP, 7/20/12)

2012        Jul 31, Malawi vowed to press on with oil and gas exploration on Lake Malawi, dismissing a demand by Tanzania, which claims half of the lake, to halt prospecting. Mozambique also owns part of the lake.
    (AFP, 7/31/12)

2012        Aug 1, Tanzania called for an amicable resolution to a dispute with Malawi over oil and gas exploration in Lake Malawi.
    (AFP, 8/1/12)

2012        Oct 3, Malawi Pres. Joyce Banda announced that she will take a 30% pay cut to show that she will sacrifice personally as part of her government's austerity measures.
    (AP, 10/3/12)

2013        Feb 19, In Malawi public workers on strike demanding a 67 percent pay hike threatened to close the country's airports. The government said it doesn't have the money to meet the demands.
    (AP, 2/19/13)

2013        Feb 21, The Malawi government agreed to raise public workers' salaries by 60%, ending a two-week old strike.
    (AP, 2/22/13)

2013        Mar 11, At least 10 former senior Malawian government officials, including Cabinet ministers, were arrested for allegedly plotting a coup to prevent then-Vice President Joyce Banda from assuming power following the death of the former president in April last year.
    (AP, 3/11/13)

2013        Mar 14, In Malawi 11 top government officials and former Cabinet ministers, who were charged with treason for an alleged coup plot, were released on bail. Prosecutors believe the suspects conspired after the death of Pres. Bingu wa Mutharika to undermine his deputy, Joyce Banda.
    (AP, 3/14/13)

2013        Apr 1, Pop diva Modanna arrived in Malawi to tour the 10 school wings she has helped to build.
    (AP, 4/3/13)

2013        Sep 5, Malawi said it plans to use the $15 million it gained from selling its presidential jet to feed the more than 1 million people suffering chronic food shortages.
    (Reuters, 9/5/13)

2013        Sep 13, In Malawi Paul Mphwiyo, an official at the national treasury, suffered gunshot wounds outside his home. Pres. Joyce Banda said he was attacked to stop him from exposing high-level fraud.
    (Econ, 12/7/13, p.50)

2013        Oct 15, Malawi President Joyce Banda named Maxwell Mkwezalamba, a former African Union economic commissioner, as finance minister in a cabinet reshuffle triggered by a graft scandal that started with the shooting of the national budget director.
    (Reuters, 10/15/13)

2013        Nov 8, Malawi police said they have arrested axed justice minister Ralph Kasambara over a failed assassination attempt in September on a corruption-busting treasury official.
    (AFP, 11/8/13)

2013        Dec 13, A Malawi Catholic rights group accused President Joyce Banda of being "part and parcel" of a massive fraud scandal that has rocked her government this year.
    (AFP, 12/13/13)

2013        Dec 28, In Malawi a lightning bolt struck a Seventh Day Adventist church, killing 8 worshippers and injuring several others in Lilongwe. It was not immediately clear whether they were injured by the lightning or in the panic to escape.
    (Reuters, 12/29/13)

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