Timeline Maldives

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History: http://www.maldivesroyalfamily.com/maldives_romero_history.shtml
 A republic of a 500-mile chain of islands about 400 miles south of India and about 300 miles southwest of Sri Lanka. It has a population of 278,000. The people are Sunni Muslims. Only 200 of the republic’s 1,192 coral islands are inhabited.
    (SFEC,11/2/97, p.T14)(AP, 11/11/03)

Male, the capital of the Maldives, lies 3 feet above sea level.
    (SSFC, 1/2/05, p.A10)

1153        A wandering Arab holy man converted the king of the Buddhist Maldive islanders.
    (WSJ, 7/22/96, p.A12)

1552        Jan 14, Maldive King Siri Dhrikusa Loka (Hassan IX) was baptized in Cochin, India.

1600-1700    Grass mats called kunai were made on the island of Gadu and sent by the Maldivian sultan as part of an annual tribute to the kingdom of Sri Lanka. The “Fine Mat Industry of the Suvadiva Atoll" by Andrew Forbes was publ. by the British Museum.
    (WSJ, 7/22/96, p.A12)

1887        The Maldives became a protectorate of Great Britain.

1932        The Maldives adopted its 1st constitution.

1947        Aug 12, The People’s Majlis passed Bill No. 2/66 on the Maldivian monetary system. The committee consisted of Government Ministers and Members of the People’s Majlis.

1952        The Maldives' National Museum opened. In 2012 some of its most valuable exhibits from the pre-Islamic era were smashed by religious extremists.
    (AP, 2/14/12)

1953        The Maldives, formerly a Sultanate, was declared a republic. The Sultanate was restored after 15 months.

1957        Ibrahim Nasir (31) became prime minister of the Maldives, a British protectorate.
    (AP, 11/23/08)

1959-1962    The government of Maldives was challenged by a local secessionist movement in the southern atolls that benefited economically from the British presence on Gan. This group cut ties with the Maldives government and formed an independent state with Abdulla Afif Didi as president. The short-lived state, called the United Suvadivan Republic, had a combined population of 20,000 inhabitants scattered in the atolls then named Suvadiva.

1965        Jul 26, Republic of Maldives gained independence from Britain.

1968        Nov 11, The Maldives became a republic for a 2nd time with Ibrahim Naseer (Nasir) as President.
    (www.pjsymes.com.au/articles/Maldives(article).htm)(Econ, 12/23/06, p.54)(AP, 11/11/08)

1978        Ibrahim Nasir Rannabandeyri Kilegefan (1926-2008) relinquished the position of the President of the Maldives Republic. He was accused of ruling the country as a dictator and fled amid public resentment and unproven allegations of corruption in handling public funds. For the first time in recorded Maldive history, the head of state of the Maldives ceased to be either a King-sultan (Queen-sultana) or a descendant of a King-sultan.
    (www.maldivesroyalfamily.com/maldives_commonwealth.shtml)(AP, 11/23/08)

1978        Maumoon Abdul Gayoom became president of the Maldives.
    (WSJ, 1/3/05, p.A7)

1982        The Maldives applied for and was granted membership in the British Commonwealth of Nations.

1985        The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was founded in Dhaka, Bangladesh, with the aim of promoting economic cooperation and alleviating poverty in South Asia. Members included Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 11/13/05)

1997        Jun 24, Maldives Pres. Abdul Gayoom said that the survival of the island nation was dependent on halting the process of global warming.
    (SFC, 6/25/97, p.A2)

1997        The Maldives adopted a new constitution, which enshrined Pres. Gayoom as head of state, government, judiciary and the security forces.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.54)

1999        Dec 3, In the Maldives a helicopter crashed enroute to Male and killed all 10 people onboard.
    (SFC, 12/4/99, p.A14)

2003        Sep 19, In the Maldives unrest erupted at the Maafushi prison after a young man named Evan Naseem was tortured to death. Police opened fire and 3 people were killed. Violent riots followed as did a state of emergency.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.54)

2003        Sep 21, The leader of the Maldives appealed for calm after two days of rioting killed 3 people and sent shock waves through this tiny Indian Ocean island nation.
    (AP, 9/21/03)

2003        Nov 11, Maldives Pres. Maumoon Abdul Gayoom (65) was sworn in for a record sixth term, becoming the longest-serving head of state in Asia.
    (AP, 11/11/03)

2004        Mar 17, The Maldives ferry Enamaa was carrying far more than its capacity of up to 100 when a wave overturned it. At least 18 people were killed. More than 50 others were missing.
    (AP, 3/18/04)

2004        Dec 26, The world's most powerful earthquake in 40 years triggered massive tidal waves that slammed into villages and seaside resorts across southern and southeast Asia. The initial estimated death toll of 9,000 soon rose to some 230,000 people in 14 countries. The magnitude 9.0 earthquake was the world's fifth-largest since 1900 and the largest since a 9.2 temblor hit Prince William Sound Alaska in 1964. The epicenter was located 155 miles south-southeast of Banda Aceh, the capital of Aceh province on Sumatra, and six miles under the seabed of the Indian Ocean. In Indonesia at least 166,320 people were killed.
    Bangladesh reported 2 killed; India: at least 9,691 deaths: thousands were missing and possibly dead in India's remote Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Indonesia: At least 101,318 people were killed on Sumatra island and small islands off its coast. Kenya reported 1 killed. Malaysia: At least 68 people, including an unknown number of foreign tourists, were dead. Myanmar: At least 90 people were killed. Sri Lanka: At least 30,680 were killed in government and rebel controlled areas. The Maldives, an archipelago of 1,190 low-lying coral islands and a tiny population of 280,000, at least 82 people were killed and missing. At least 42 islands were flattened in the low-lying atoll nation. Somalia: At least 298 were killed. Tanzania: At least 10 killed. Thailand: The confirmed death toll for Thailand reached 5,322, but many suspected Myanmar migrants were not counted. Some 230,000 people were killed in a dozen countries.
    (SFC, 12/28/04, p.A1)(AP, 12/30/04)(SSFC, 1/2/05, p.A12)(AP, 1/7/05)(Econ, 1/22/05, p.41)(AP, 12/25/09)(AP, 11/12/13)
2004        Dec 26, In the Maldives at least 117 people were killed and missing, among them two British tourists. At least 42 islands were flattened in the low-lying atoll nation.
    (SSFC, 1/2/05, p.A10)

2005        Jan 2, Some 1,500 people inhabited the artificial Maldive island of Hulhumale. Some $60 million had already been spent on its creation and completion was expected in 2040.
    (SSFC, 1/2/05, p.A10)

2005        Jan 22, Maldivians cast votes to elect a parliament, three weeks after the election was postponed because of the Indian Ocean tsunami. Police arrested 20 opposition backers.
    (AP, 1/22/05)(WSJ, 1/24/05, p.A1)

2005        Jun 2, The Maldives ushered in a new political era when parliament voted to allow parties to form for the first time in the remote Indian Ocean archipelago, a move that ended centuries of autocratic rule. The law passed in July.
    (Reuters, 6/2/05)(Econ, 12/23/06, p.55)

2005        Nov 12, In Dhaka, Bangladesh, a 2-day summit aimed to alleviate poverty and boost trade and cooperation among Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Leaders called for greater cooperation within the region to deal with the aftermath of disasters like the Kashmir earthquake and last year's devastating tsunami.
    (AFP, 11/12/05)

2005         An estimated 80,000 people lived in the Maldives on less than 1.2 square miles.
    (SSFC, 1/2/05, p.A10)

2006        The population of the Maldives numbered about 300,000. Some 100,000 were packed into the 2 square kilometers of the capital, Male, the most densely populated town in the world.
    (Econ, 12/23/06, p.53)

2007        Aug 19, President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom won an overwhelming victory in a referendum on the Maldives' future form of government, a poll seen as an informal vote of confidence in his three-decade rule of the tiny Indian Ocean nation.
    (AP, 8/19/07)

2007        Sep 29, A bomb exploded at the entrance to a recreation park in the Maldives, wounding at least 12 foreign tourists.
    (AP, 9/29/07)

2008        Jan 8, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom (70), the Maldives president, survived an assassination attempt when boy scout Mohammed Jaisham Ibrahim (15) grabbed the knife of an attacker who jumped out of a crowd of people greeting the president.
    (AP, 1/9/08)(AP, 1/10/08)

2008        Aug 2, In Sri Lanka a two-day summit of leaders of the 15th South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), opened amid extraordinary security. Leaders of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, The Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka attended the summit. Government troops captured rebel-held Vellankulam village in Mannar, the last rebel stronghold in the area. Fresh fighting between Sri Lankan troops and Tamil Tiger separatists killed 14 rebels and two soldiers across the embattled northern region.
    (AP, 8/2/08)(AP, 8/3/08)

2008        Aug 7, Maldives Pres. Maumoon Abdul Gayoom signed and adopted a new constitution that allows multiparty elections and other democratic reforms after decades of authoritarian rule. Under the constitution Islam is the only religion its people can legally practice.
    (AP, 8/7/08)(AFP, 6/5/12)

2008        Oct 8, Maldives islanders in the cramped city of Male and scores of far-flung atolls began voting in the first democratic presidential election in their tiny nation's history.
    (AP, 10/8/08)

2008        Oct 9, Poll results in the Maldives indicated President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom to be headed for a runoff against Mohamed Nasheed , a former political prisoner who leads the main opposition.
    (AP, 10/9/08)

2008        Oct 28, Voters turned out in strength to choose the Maldives' first democratically-elected president in a run-off between Asia's longest serving leader and a former political prisoner. Nasheed won 54% of the vote to Gayoom's 46%, according to provisional results from the nation's elections commission.
    (AP, 10/28/08)(AP, 10/29/08)

2008        Nov 11, Mohamed Nasheed took the oath of office as the Maldives' first democratically elected president. He now leads the flattest nation on Earth, with an average height of 2.3 meters (7 feet) above sea level, and one considered particularly vulnerable to the perils of global climate change and rising sea levels.
    (AP, 11/11/08)

2008        Nov 22, Ibrahim Nasir (b.1926), who led the Maldives' independence movement from the British and became the island nation's first president, died in Singapore.
    (AP, 11/23/08)

2008        The population of the Maldives stood at about 370,000 people.
    (Econ, 11/1/08, p.52)

2009        Oct 17, Members of the Maldives' Cabinet donned scuba gear and used hand signals at an underwater meeting staged to highlight the threat of global warming to the lowest-lying nation on earth.
    (AP, 10/17/09)

2010        May 20, In the Maldives 15 representatives of the Afghan government met with 7 Taliban members for talks, which would continue over the weekend. A Taliban statement the next day said those at the talks claiming to be from the Taliban are no longer active members and have "surrendered" to President Hamid Karzai's government.
    (SFC, 5/21/10, p.A2)(AP, 5/21/10)

2010        Jun 29, The Maldivian cabinet resigned en masse after a threat by the opposition to bring a vote of no confidence in parliament against every minister. Pres. Mohammed Nasheed remained in office.
    (AFP, 6/29/10)

2010        The 42-member Alliance of Small Island States called on the industrial nations in 1997 to cut emissions 20% from 1990 levels by this time.
    (SFC, 6/25/97, p.A2)

2011        May 1, Maldives police used tear gas and batons to break up a protest demanding that President Mohamad Nasheed step down. Dozens of people were injured and many were arrested.
    (AP, 5/1/11)

2011        Nov 24, The UN human rights chief urged the Maldives to end the "degrading" practice of flogging women found to have had sex outside marriage. The country of 300,000 people forbids practicing religions other than Islam.
    (AP, 11/24/11)

2011        Dec 30, The Maldives government said it has decided to close massage parlors and spas, following an opposition-led religious protest last week calling for their closure. Sunni Islam is the official religion in the Maldives and practicing any other faith is forbidden.
    (AP, 12/30/11)

2012        Jan 16, The Maldives' military arrested the chief justice of the country's criminal court after he released an opposition leader who had been detained without a warrant for allegedly defaming the government. A day later the arrest of Judge Abdulla Mohamed prompted all courts to boycott sessions.
    (AP, 1/17/12)

2012        Jan 19, The Maldives Journalists' Association said the government is threatening and harassing the media over their reporting of a political crisis and the military's arrest of the nation's top criminal court judge.
    (AP, 1/19/12)

2012        Jan 20, In the Maldives dozens of anti-government activists were arrested in the capital Male, as the government accused them of whipping up religious extremism.
    (AFP, 1/21/12)

2012        Feb 7, The Maldives' first democratically elected president, Mohamed Nasheed (44), resigned after a police mutiny described by his office as an attempted coup, capping weeks of political upheaval in the holiday paradise. Nasheed has faced three weeks of street protests stemming from the arrest of a senior judge. Vice President Mohamed Waheed, who had clashed with Nasheed over the chief justice's detention, was sworn in as the new head of state and he urged the population of 300,000 Sunni Muslims to remain calm.
    (AFP, 2/7/12)

2012        Feb 8, Supporters of the Maldives former president rioted through the streets and seized some police stations to demand his reinstatement as the country's new leader appealed for an end to the political turmoil roiling this Indian Ocean nation. Former leader Mohamed Nasheed and other top party officials were beaten by police in the street chaos.
    (AP, 2/8/12)

2012        Feb 9, A Maldives court issued an arrest warrant for former President Mohamed Nasheed, one day after his supporters rampaged in the capital and his claim of being ousted by a coup left unclear the stability of the fledging Indian Ocean democracy.
    (AP, 2/9/12)

2012        Feb 12, Ousted Maldives president Mohamed Nasheed rejected a US call for compromise and rejected a unity government to end political unrest as fresh clashes erupted in the Indian Ocean nation.
    (AFP, 2/12/12)

2012        Feb 13, The United Nations backed the Maldives' new leader's proposal for a national unity government though the ousted leader called for a snap poll to resolve a political crisis.
    (AP, 2/13/12)

2012        Feb 16, Maldivian President Mohamed Waheed agreed to demands for early elections, after taking power last week in what his ousted predecessor described as a coup d'etat.
    (AFP, 2/16/12)

2012        Mar 26, Somali pirates seized an Iranian-owned cargo ship and its 23-strong crew in the first hijacking within Maldivian territory. The MV. Eglantine was seized off the north-western Hoarafush island in the Indian Ocean atoll nation. The Bolivian-flagged vessel was freed on April 2, and continued on to Iran with its sugar shipment.
    (AFP, 3/27/12)(AFP, 4/3/12)

2012        Apr 14, Maldives President Mohamed Waheed, accused of seizing power in a military-backed coup, faced his first popularity test when voting was held in two key by-elections.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)

2012        Jun 5, Maldivian police said Ismail Rasheed (37), a blogger known for his liberal views on religion, is in intensive care after being stabbed by an attacker outside his home in the capital Male.
    (AFP, 6/5/12)

2012        Jul 13, Maldives police arrested at least 55 anti-government protesters following violent clashes with security forces in the capital Male.
    (AFP, 7/13/12)

2012        Aug 30, The Maldives Commission of National Inquiry (CoNI), consisting of four nationals named by political parties and a Singaporean judge nominated by the Commonwealth, found the February change of president was "legal and constitutional." The judgment promptly rejected by Mohamed Nasheed’s party, which vowed to keep up protests to press for early elections.
    (AFP, 8/30/12)

2012        Oct 1, In the Maldives the trial of former Pres. Mohamed Nasheed was postponed after he defied a court order and left the capital by boat.
    (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-19797538)(Economist, 10/6/12, p.48)
2012        Oct 2, In the Maldives Dr. Afrasheen Ali, a member of parliament, was murdered in a frenzied stabbing attack.
    (Economist, 10/6/12, p.48)( www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-19797538)

2012        The population of the Maldives archipelago was about 330,000.
    (Economist, 10/6/12, p.46)

2013        Feb 13, In the Maldives former Pres. Mohamed Nasheed took refuge at the Indian Embassy after a court ordered his arrest for not attending a hearing on charges that he illegally ordered the detention of a senior judge, a move that led to his ouster last year.
    (SFC, 2/15/13, p.A2)

2013        Sep 7, The Maldives held elections. Mohamed Nasheed, ousted from power last year, emerged as the clear leader with 45% of the vote, short of the 50% needed to avoid a Sep 28 runoff against Yaamin Abdul Qayyoom.
    (SFC, 9/9/13, p.A2)

2013        Oct 7, The Maldives Supreme Court annulled the results of the September 7 presidential election and scheduled a fresh vote for October 20 after a candidate challenged the outcome, citing irregularities. Earlier in the day masked men burst into the Raajje TV studio in Male, stabbed a security guard and set the place ablaze. Raajje was alligned with the oppposition Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP).
    (Reuters, 10/7/13)(Econ, 10/12/13, p.52)

2013        Oct 8, The Maldives government urged all parties to support fresh elections after the Supreme Court annulled last month's results, even though international observers had said those polls were free and fair.
    (AFP, 10/8/13)

2013        Oct 19, The Maldives sank further into political disarray when police blocked officials from conducting a presidential revote, saying that holding the election would violate a Supreme Court order.
    (AP, 10/19/13)

2013        Oct 20, Mohamed Nasheed, the leading candidate in the Maldives' troubled presidential election, demanded that Pres. Mohamed Waheed Hassan resign and allow the parliamentary speaker to take over the government and oversee a fresh poll.
    (AP, 10/20/13)

2013        Nov 9, The Maldives voted to elect a new leader for their budding democracy. Mohamed Nasheed, the country's first democratically elected leader who first came to power in 2008 after 30 years of one-man rule, won the first round of voting but failed to win a clear majority.
    (AP, 11/9/13)(Reuters, 11/10/13)

2013        Nov 10, The Maldives' top court again delayed holding the second round of the country's presidential poll. The Supreme Court delayed it until Nov 16, in line with demands from Mohamed Nasheed's two biggest rivals.
    (Reuters, 11/10/13)

2013        Nov 16, The Maldives held runoff elections. Abdulla Yameen, the half brother of former strongman Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, defeated former president  Mohamed Nasheed, securing 51.3% of the popular vote.
    (AFP, 11/16/13)(Econ, 11/23/13, p.41)

2013        The population of the Maldives archipelago was about 400,000.
    (Econ, 2/23/13, p.38)

2014        Apr, The Maldives introduced new regulations for the implementation of the death penalty by lethal injection.
    (AP, 4/30/14)

2014        May 21, Transparency International said South Asia is the most corrupt region of the world and governments must strengthen their anti-graft agencies to prevent political interference and protect whistleblowers. The watchdog group found serious problems with anti-corruption efforts in Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 5/21/14)

2014        Jul 5, The US Secret Service arrested Roman Valerevich Seleznev (30), a Russian national, in an airport in the Maldives for hacking into US retailers' computer systems to steal credit card data from 2009 to 2011.
    (Reuters, 7/8/14)

2014        Sep 14, Maldives former president Mohamed Nasheed told Britain's Independent on Sunday paper that up to 200 Maldivians were fighting for Islamic State (IS) in Iraq and Syria. The entire population of the Maldives is only around 330,000 Sunni Muslims.
    (AFP, 9/15/14)

2014        Sep 15, China's President Xi Jinping enlisted the Maldives' backing for a "21st century maritime silk road" as he began a tour of South Asia in the strategically located Indian Ocean island chain.
    (AFP, 9/15/14)

2014         Dec 5, The government of Maldives declared a state of emergency and has appealed for aid from India, Sri Lanka, the United States and China. Mohamed Shareef, a government minister, said: "We have declared a state of crisis and also informed the shopkeepers to issue bottle water free of charge."   
    (Reuters, 12/5/14)

2014        Dec 10, A Maldives government official said water supply in the capital, cut by a fire last week in its only treatment plant, won't be fully restored until next week.
    (AP, 12/10/14)

2040        The artificial Maldives island of Hulhumale was expected to be completed with a population of around 150,000.
    (SSFC, 1/2/05, p.A10)

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