Return to home
Military regime: http://www.myanmar.com The capital of Yangon was formerly known as Rangoon
(renamed in 1988).
(SFC, 6/30/96, A11)
Myanmar has over 100 recognized minorities. The Karen are the
largest of several ethnic groups astride the Burma borders with
China and Thailand. others include the Kachin, Karenni, Shan, Mon
Burma has an 8-day week with Wednesday morning and afternoon counted
as 2 days for religious reasons.
(SFEC, 10/22/00, p.T8)
99Mil BC A parasitoid was trapped
in tree resin that solidified into amber in Myanmar. It was later
discovered by Bo Wang of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and named
Zhenia xiai. Researchers in 2017 reported a hard tick, uncannily
similar to those we know, clinging to a 99-million-year-old dinosaur
feather in Burmese amber dated to the Cretaceous period some 145
million to 66 million years ago.
(Econ, 1/16/16, p.89)(AFP, 12/13/17)
99Mil BC In 2019 researchers, investigating two
pieces of amber from the Hukawng Valley in northern Myanmar,
reported that radioisotope dating of the rock the amber was found in
suggests it was roughly 99 million years old. The amber contained
two feathers. Based on comparisons with previously unearthed
fossils, the plumes came from dinosaurs. Researchers discovered 10
insect "nymphs," or immature specimens, preserved with the feathers,
anatomically similar to modern lice. Scientists named the new
species Mesophthirus engeli -- Mesophthirus meaning "Mesozoic lice"
and engeli in honor of paleoentomologist Michael Engel.
(Good Morning America, 12/29/19)
99Mil BC In 2020 a preserved skull of what appears
to be the smallest-known bird, tinier than any hummingbird, was
reported encased in 99-million-year-old amber and boasting many odd
traits including jaws studded with numerous puny teeth. researchers
said the bird called, Oculudentavis khaungraae, lived during the
Cretaceous Period in what is now northern Myanmar. Evidence later
indicated that this area was an island in the Tethys Sea.
(Reuters, 3/11/20)(Econ, 3/14/20, p.65)
38Mil BC Fossils of jawbones and teeth dating to
this time were found in 2005 near Bagan, Myanmar. They suggested
that the common ancestors of humans, monkeys and apes, known as
anthropoids, evolved from primates in Asia, rather than Africa.
3400BC According to Rakhine legend their first
recorded kingdom arose, centered around the northern town of
Dhanyawadi, in the 34th century BCE and lasted until 327 CE.
600-1600 (See entries under Myanmar) Pagan was the
seat of Burma’s greatest dynasty and the site shows the remains of
more than 7,000 temples and monuments of this period.
(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.F)
1044-1287 Bagan served as the capital of the Pagan
empire, ruling what later became known as Myanmar during this
period. The rulers of Bagan built more than 10,000 magnificent
1057 King Anawratha, founder of
the first Burmese empire, conquered the Mon kingdom to the south and
introduced Theravada Buddhism to the Burmese people. He and his
heirs oversaw building projects and Bagan (Pagan) became a center of
(WSJ, 1/23/09, p.W12)
1162-1227 Genghis Khan was born in the Hentiyn
Nuruu mountains north of Ulan Bator. His given name was Temujin,
“the ironsmith." He seized control over 5 million square miles that
covered China, Iran, Iraq, Burma, Vietnam, and most of Korea and
Russia. "In Search of Genghis Khan" is a book by Tim Severin. He was
succeeded by his son Ogedai, who was succeeded by Guyuk. Ogedai
ignored numerous pleas from his brother Chaghatai to cut down on his
drinking and died of alcoholism as did Guyuk.
(SFC, 4/14/96, T-10)(WUD, 1994, p. 591)(WSJ,
1287 The forces of Kublai Khan
overran Burma. The royal city of Bagan was abandoned under threat
from Kublai Khan in the 13th century. The brick temple of Ananda
Pahto is in Bagan. More than 4,400 pagodas and 3,000 other religious
structures of bricks and stones were built in Bagan, Myanmar's
former capital, during a 243-year period from the 11th to 13th
centuries, the result of extraordinary Buddhist fervor.
(SFEC, 10/22/00, p.T9)(DC, 10/10/98)(AP, 12/1/03)
1476 In Burma (later Myanmar) a
270-ton bell, believed to be one of the largest ever cast, was made
on the order of King Dhammazedi and donated to the revered Shwedagon
pagoda. In the early 1600s, it was stolen by Portuguese despot
Philip de Brito, but his rickety vessel sank where the Yangon and
Bago rivers meet the Pazundaung creek.
1548 In Thailand King Chakrapat
was saved by his wife Suriyothai, who maneuvered her elephant in
front of the invading Burmese King Tabinshweeti and took the sword
thrust intended for her husband. The 1999 historical film
“Suriyothai" was directed by Chatri Chalerm Yukol. It was about the
16th Queen Suriyothai who saved her husband King Thianracha during a
war with invaders from Myanmar.
(SFC, 9/30/99, p.E6)(WSJ, 8/30/01, p.A11)
1569 Burmese King Bayinnaung
invaded Thailand and took as hostage Princess Suphankalaya. It was
later believed that the princess gave up her freedom in exchange for
her kingdom's independence from Burma. In 1999 The Thai government
offered to help Burma restore a palace in exchange for information
about the princess.
(SFEC, 7/4/99, p.A11)
1571 Siam’s Naresuan the Great
(8) was taken hostage by Burmese invaders. It was the custom of the
time for the victorious nation in a battle to take a royal child of
the defeated monarch home as insurance against further aggression.
1586 Ralph Fitch, the first
Englishman to record his impressions of Burma, took note of the
qualities of the Schwedagon. Archeologists later said the 320-foot
high golden pagoda was built in the 10th century by the Mon people.
(WSJ, 2/23/08, p.W14)
1590 Prince Naresuan (35), upon
the death of his father (the puppet monarch), became King of the
Ayutthaya Kingdom and overlord of Lan Na from 1602 until his death
in 1605. Naresuan continued to drive the Burmese from the Kingdom of
1593 Jan 8, War elephants of
Ayutthaya King Naresuan engaged Burmese forces led by Mingyi Swa.
One Siamese account held that there was a formal elephant duel
between Naresuan and Swa. [O.S. 29 December 1592].
1767 Burmese invaded the port
city of Ayutthaya (Siam-Thailand), sacked the city and left it in
ruins. The capital was then moved to Bangkok.
(WSJ, 4/21/05, p.D7)
1784-1785 The Mrauk U kingdom was conquered by the
Konbaung dynasty of Burma, after which Rakhine became part of the
Konbaung kingdom of Burma.
1825 The British conquered the
Burmese state of Arakon (aka Rakhine), called Rohang by early
Muslims, and administered it as part of British India. Muslims are
believed to have arrived here in as long ago as the 8th century.
(Econ, 6/13/15, p.38)
1840 The Australian merchant
ship “Success" was built in Burma. In 1857 prisoners from
Success murdered the Australian Superintendent of Prisons John
Price, the inspiration for the character Maurice Frere in Marcus
Clarke's novel “For the Term of His Natural Life."
1850 Dec 28, Rangoon, Burma,
was destroyed by fire.
1862 Nov 7, The body of exiled
Bahadur Shah Zafar II was lowered into an unmarked grave in Rangoon
(Burma-Myanmar). Zafar II, the last Mughal emperor in India, was
deposed in the 1857 sepoy mutiny. In 2006 William Dalrymple authored
“The Last Mughal: The Fall of a Dynasty, Delhi, 1857."
(Econ, 11/11/06, p.96)
1870 Dec 18, Saki, [Hector Hugo
Munro], author (Reginald, When William Came), was born in Burma.
1888 The sewer system of
Yangon, Burma (later Myanmar), was built.
(Econ, 1/31/15, p.35)
1895-1896 Prince Henri d’Orleans encountered the
dwarf T’rung people of Burma during a journey to the sources of the
(CW, Fall ‘03, p.9)
1897 Feb, China’s Qing dynasty
ceded the Kokang region to British Burma under the Beijing
Convention. Kokang became part of Burma’s Shan state.
1902 May 6, British SS Camorta
sank off Rangoon and 739 died.
1902 John Furnivall
(1878-1960), British Fabian socialist, arrived in Burma as an
administrator. He left the colony in 1931 but returned in 1948 to
advise its first post-independence governments.
1907 May 25, U Nu, premier
Burma (1948-58, 1960-62), was born.
1909 Jan 22, U Thant, Secretary
General of United Nations General Assembly (1962-1972), was born in
Burma. He played a major role in the Cuban crisis.
(HN, 1/22/99)(MC, 1/22/02)
1914 The Burma Companies Act,
which set the rules for corporate activity, was enacted by the
British. It was left untouched until 2014 when the Asian Development
Bank began helping the Myanmar government to update it.
(Econ, 10/18/14, p.70)
1920 Burmese students rebelled
against British rule.
(WSJ, 12/6/96, p.A1)
1923 A Burma State Secrets Act,
pertaining to trespassing in a prohibited area with prejudicial
purpose, was enacted as Burma (later Myanmar) was a British colony.
1923 Pablo Neruda was appointed
as Chile’s consul to Burma.
(SFC, 7/15/04, p.E11)
1924 Feb 14, Patricia Edwina
Victoria Mountbatten, the 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma, was
born in London.
1933 Feb 2, Than Shwe, later
military ruler of Myanmar (1992), was born.
1934 George Orwell published
his 1st novel “Burmese Days." In 2005 Emma Larkin authored “Finding
George Orwell in Burma."
(SFEC, 10/22/00, p.T9)(SSFC, 6/5/05, p.B3)
1937 Burma was made a crown
colony of Britain. It had been administered as a province of India.
(SFC, 5/7/02, p.A9)(SFC, 3/20/18, p.19)
1940 Oct 18, Britain reopened
the Burma Road linking Myanmar with China, three months after
1940-1942 U Saw served as PM of Burma. As head of
the Myochit party, U Saw became prime minister of the then British
colony in 1940. When the British entered the war against
Japan, U Saw pressed the British for full independence, while
secretly negotiating with the Japanese. Upon learning of his
contacts with Japan, the British arrested him and removed him from
office. U Saw was responsible for the assassination of his rival
Aung San after the war.
1941 Bertram Smythies (d.1999
at 86), British naturalist, published "The Birds of Burma." Most of
the original copies were lost but a 2nd edition in 1953 was
(SFC, 8/3/99, p.A20)
1941 In Burma Aung San founded
the Burmese Army. He is considered the father of the nation.
(SFEC, 1/19/96, Parade p.4)
1942 Jan 16, Japan’s advance
into Burma began. [see Jan 19]
1942 Jan 19, Japanese forces
invaded Burma. [see Jan 16]
1942 Feb 9, Chiang Kai-shek met
with Sir Stafford Cripps, the British viceroy in India. Detachment
101 harried the Japanese in Burma and provided close support for
regular Allied forces.
1942 Feb 22, India’s Capt. Sam
Manekshaw (1914-2008) was severely wounded in a counteroffensive
against Japanese forces on the Sittong River in Burma. In 1969
Manekshaw became the 8th chief of the Indian army.
(SFC, 7/1/08, p.B5)
1942 Mar 8, Japanese captured
Rangoon, Burma, during World War II.
(AP, 3/8/98)(HN, 3/8/98)
1942 Apr 11, Detachment 101 of
the OSS, a guerrilla force, was activated in Burma.
1942 Apr 29, Japanese troops
marched into Lashio and cut off the Burma Road.
1942 May 2, Japanese troops
occupied Mandalay Burma.
1942 May 14, The British, in
retreat from Burma, reached India. A half million Indian civilians
joined the chaotic exodus. It was later estimated that as many as
one in ten perished.
(HN, 5/14/98)(Econ, 5/7/15, p.78)
1942 May 20, Japan completed
the conquest of Burma.
1942 Sep 21, British forces
attacked the Japanese in Burma.
1942 Dec 19, British advanced
40 miles into Burma in a drive to oust the Japanese from the colony.
1942 British forces in Burma
crated and buried some 60 Spitfire aircraft to keep them out of the
hands of the invading Japanese. In 2012 aviation enthusiast David J.
Cundall signed an agreement with the Myanmar government for their
1943 Jan 26, The first OSS
(Office of Strategic Services) agent parachuted behind Japanese
lines in Burma.
1943 Feb 8, British General
Wingate led a guerrilla force of "Chindits" against the Japanese in
Burma. Detachment 101's support of Maj. Gen. Orde Wingate's Chindits
and Maj. Gen. Frank Merrill's Marauders was crucial to the Allied
success in Burma and to the eventual victory in Southeast Asia.
1943 Oct 25, Japanese
forces held an official ceremony for the 415-km Thailand-Burma
railroad. The rail was completed Oct 17 at Konkuita, Thailand.
During its construction, approximately 13,000 prisoners of war died
and were buried along the “Death Railway." An estimated 80,000 to
100,000 civilians also died in the course of the project, chiefly
forced labor brought from Malaya and the Dutch East Indies, or
conscripted in Siam (Thailand) and Burma (Myanmar). The movie “The
Bridge on the River Kwai" (1957) was a part of this effort and is
today a big tourist attraction in Thailand.
1943 Nov 7, British troops
launched a limited offensive along the coast of Burma.
1944 Feb 24, Merrill's
Marauders, a specially trained group of American soldiers, began
their ground campaign against Japan into Burma. They were led by
Brigadier General Frank Merrill (b.1903-1955), the first US infantry
combat force to fight the Japanese on the mainland of Asia.
1944 Feb, A US B-25G aircraft
with seven crew members onboard crashed in the northwestern Sagain
region of Burma (later Myanmar). In 2019 the United States retrieved
the possible remains of the missing service members.
1944 Mar 7, Japan began an
offensive in Burma.
1944 Dec 18, The Japanese were
repelled from northern Burma by British troops.
1944 Feb 4, The Japanese
attacked the Indian Seventh Army in Burma.
1945 Jan 22, The Burma highway
1945 Feb 19, On Ramree Island
off the coast of old Burma, some 900 Japanese soldiers retreated
from British soldiers into an alligator filled swamp. Only about 20
(SFEC, 2/23/96, Z1 p.2)(MC, 2/19/02)
1945 Apr 29, Japanese army
1945 May 3,
Allied forces captured Rangoon, Burma, from the Japanese.
1945 Jun 14, Burma was
liberated by the British.
1945 Jun 19, Aung San Suu Kyi,
Myanmar poet, Nobel peace laureate (1991), was born. In 1998
Barbara Victor published “The Lady, Aung San Suu Kyi, Nobel Laureate
and Burma’s Prisoner."
(HN, 6/19/01)(SFC, 5/7/02, p.A9)
1945-1949 A series of wars for independence during
this period spread from India to Burma, Thailand, Malaysia and
Singapore. In 2007 Christopher Bayly and Tim Harper authored
“Forgotten Wars: Freedom and Revolution in Southeast Asia."
(WSJ, 8/9/07, p.D7)
1947 Jan 27, Britain agreed to
give Burma independence following negotiations with nationalist
leader Aung San.
1947 Feb 12, General Aung San
and 21 delegates of the national races of the mountain regions, the
Shan, Kachin and Chin, finally signed the historic Pinlon Accord
(Panglong Agreement). They unanimously agreed to independence, not
for a fragmented country, but for what later become known as the
Union of Myanmar.
(AP, 2/12/06)(Econ, 2/2/13, p.31)
1947 Jul, Aung San, an
independence hero, was assassinated on the eve of becoming Burma’s
first prime minister. 6 other members of his interim government were
also killed. His daughter was Aung San Suu Kyi, winner of the 1991
Nobel Peace Prize.
(SFEC, 8/23/98, BR p.4)(SFC, 5/7/02, p.A9)
1948 Jan 4, Britain granted
independence to Burma (later renamed to Myanmar). Aung San had
arranged for national independence on this day but was assassinated
before the event by political rivals. The new rulers tried to limit
citizenship to those whose roots predated 1823 and British rule.
(SFEC, 1/19/97, Par p.4)(AP, 1/4/98)(Econ,
1948 A conflict for power began
that involved the Karen, a group of people from eastern and southern
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)(WUD, 1994, p.779)
1950 Burma enacted An Emergency
Provision Act that provided up to 20-year jail terms for inciting
unrest and disturbing the peace and tranquility of the state.
(SFC, 8/15/98, p.A14)
1950 Sein Lwin commanded a
military unit that tracked down and shot dead the leader of a
rebellion against the government of Burma by the country's ethnic
1954 Jun, China’s Premier Zhou
Enlai visited India and Burma. The joint Statement of the Prime
Ministers of China and India issued on 28 June and the Joint
Statement of the Prime Ministers of China and Burma issued on 29
June both affirmed that the Five Principles of Peaceful Existence as
guiding principles in their bilateral relations and the Five
Principles were formally proposed as the norms governing
1960 Apr 1, Burma elected U Nu
1961-1971 U Thant of Burma served as the
Secretary-General of the UN.
(SFC, 12/14/96, p.A1)
1962 Mar, Army commander Ne Win
staged a coup against a civilian government and took over control of
Burma. The army, known as the Tatmadaw, was dominated by officers
from the Bamar ethnic community.
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.C-1)(SFC,12/31/97, p.A10)(AP,
4/10/04)(Econ., 2/6/21, p.15)
1962 Jul 7, In Burma Sein Lwin
headed the army unit that shot dead Rangoon University students
protesting Ne Win's rule.
1962 Nov 30, U Thant of Burma
was elected Secretary-General of the United Nations, succeeding the
late Dag Hammarskjold.
1962 The junta that seized
power in Burma (later Myanmar) began expelling hundreds of thousands
of Indians, Chinese and other non-Burmese in an attempt to smash the
pleural society and create an artificially homogenous Burman one.
(Econ, 8/2/14, p.30)
1962 Burma under military rule
established the Printers and Publishers Registration Act. It
threatened loss of license for threats to peace and security and
harm to the reputation of a government department.
(Econ, 8/25/12, p.32)
1962-1974 Myanmar's military ruled by decree.
(Econ, 3/28/20, p.14)
1962-1988 Gen’l. Ne Win ruled over Burma. During
his rule he periodically reorganized the government with a purge
where powerful opponents were either jailed or banished.
1963 The military junta of
Burma (later Myanmar) nationalized the banks.
(Econ, 10/25/14, p.75)
1967 The Association of
Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was formed by Vietnam, Laos,
Thailand, Brunei, Myanmar, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia and the
(SFC, 12/17/98, p.C6)
1972 In Burma Sein Lwin headed
the army unit that exacted a deadly suppression of workers'
1974 Nov 25, Former U.N.
Secretary-General U Thant died in New York at age 65.
1974 In Burma Sein Lwin headed
the army unit that suppressed demonstrations by students and
Buddhist monks in connection with the funeral of former U.N.
Secretary General U Thant.
1974 Burma (later Myanmar) was
ruled under a single-party socialist system controlled by the army
and this continued to 1988.
(Econ, 3/28/20, p.14)
1975 Jul 8, An earthquake
struck Pagan (Bagan), Burma, and destroyed many monuments.
1982 Burma enacted a
Citizenship Act. It used a list inherited from British colonialist
and did not recognize Rohingyas, the Muslim minority in Rakhine
state, as an ethnic group leaving them stateless.
(Econ, 11/3/12, p.14, 44)(Econ, 4/5/14, p.36)
1983 Oct 9, The president of
South Korea, Chun Doo Hwan, with his cabinet and other top officials
were scheduled to lay a wreath on a monument in Rangoon, Burma, when
a bomb exploded. Hwan had not yet arrived so escaped injury, but 17
Koreans, including the deputy prime minister and two other cabinet
members, and two Burmese were killed. North Korea was blamed. In the
“Rangoon Massacre" a terrorist attack plotted by North Korea killed
17 South Korean officials on a visit to Burma.
(WSJ, 9/9/96, p.A18)(HN, 10/9/98)
1984 Karen refugees from
Myanmar began settling in camps in Thailand. By 2011 some 140,000
refugees were living in 9 camps behind barbed wire near the border
town of Mae Sot.
(Econ, 5/21/11, p.44)
1985 Ne Win, the dictator of
Burma (later Myanmar), introduced 75-kyat notes to mark his 75th
(Econ, 11/12/16, p.39)
1986 Karen refugees established
the Huay Ko Lok refugee camp in Thailand. The camp was burned 3
times between 1996-1998 by the Burmese military. Residents were
relocated in Aug, 1999, to Um Phien.
(SFEC, 4/2/00, Z1 p.4)
1987 Burma’s military junta
withdrew most banknotes late this year. Dictator Ne Win withdrew
various high denomination notes and replaced them with 45- and
90-kyat notes. The huge currency confiscation impoverished millions
and sparked massive protests in 1988.
(Econ, 10/6/07, p.44)(Econ, 11/12/16, p.39)
1988 Mar, Burmese riot police
shot to death 200 demonstrators as students began an uprising for
democracy. The All Burma Federation of Student Unions played a role
in the seminal protest movement that saw Ms. Suu Kyi emerge as a
(SFEC, 1/19/96, Parade p.5)(SFC, 5/7/02,
p.A9)(Econ., 2/6/21, p.17)
1988 Jul 27, Sein Lwin (d.2004)
then became chairman of Burma's ruling party and the country's
president, but the pro-democracy protests grew. Instead of
negotiating, Sein Lwin tried to end the protests by force, and the
capital became a bloody battleground.
1988 Aug 8, In Burma an
uprising began after more than a quarter of a century of military
rule and international isolation that had condemned once-prosperous
country to poverty. The flag of the uprising featured a fighting
1988 Aug 8-1988 Aug 13, Police
in Burma (Myanmar) killed nearly 3,000 protesters in the streets of
Rangoon. The massive nationwide strikes became known as “8888."
(SFEC, 1/19/96, Par. p.5)(SFEC, 10/22/00,
p.T8)(Econ, 8/10/13, p.38)
1988 Aug 12, Sein Lwin resigned
from the presidency of Burma. He was succeeded by a civilian, Maung
Maung, who in turn was ousted by the military after just a month in
1988 Sep 18, In Burma
Gen’l. Saw Maung (d.1997 at 69) became chairman of a military junta,
called The State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC). He had
been the army chief of staff and defense minister before leading the
coup. The junta took power and put under house arrest Aung San Suu
Kyi, the elected president. After years of economic distress the
junta released Aung San in 1995 in hopes of gaining foreign economic
aid. The junta announced that Burma would henceforth be called
Myanmar, and the capital, Rangoon, Yangon.
6/30/96, A11)(SFC, 7/25/97, p.A18)
1988 Sep 24, In Burma Win Tin
(1929-2014) and Aung San Suu Kyi formed the National League for
Democracy (NLD) party.
(SFC, 5/7/02, p.A9)(Econ, 5/3/14, p.82)
1988 Sep, In Burma over 10,000
students led by Htun Aung Gyaw took to the jungles to organize an
armed resistance against the military regime. Gyaw was arrested by
Thai authorities in 1992 and took refugee status in the US. Military
rulers killed thousands of pro-democracy activists during the
suppression of demonstrations. Hundreds of pro-democracy supporters
were killed in Rangoon. A film was made called Beyond Rangoon that
depicts the terror and bloodshed of the period.
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.C-1)(SFC, 5/25/96, p.A12)(SFC,
9/3/96, p.A7)(SFEC, 8/23/98, Par p.10)
1988 Burma’s dictator Ne Win
(SSFC, 3/10/02, p.A15)
1988 The Chin army began
fighting a low-level rebellion for more autonomy for the mainly
Christian Chin in Burma's northwest, where government troops have
been trying to force them to convert to Buddhism.
1988-2011 Myanmar's military ruled by decree.
(Econ, 3/28/20, p.14)
1989 Jun 19, Burma’s government
renamed the country Myanmar. Rangoon was renamed Yangon.
(SFC, 5/7/02, p.A9)
1989 Jun 30, Gen. Khin Nyunt,
Myanmar’s prime minister and intelligence chief, brokered a
ceasefire and autonomy deal with Sai Leun (Lin Mingxian), warlord of
Mongla, who built the area into a gambling destination for Chinese
tourists. The Kokang guerrillas, the main fighting force for the
Burmese Communist Party, signed a cease-fire with the military
1989 Jul 20, Myanmar military
authorities placed Aung San Suu Kyi and her deputy Tin Oo under
house arrest where she was confined for the next 6 years.
(SFEC, 8/23/98, BR p.4)(SFC, 5/7/02, p.A9)
1990 Apr 7, In Myanmar a
double-decker ferry sank in Gyaing River during a storm and 215
people were believed drowned.
1990 May 27, The political
opposition of Burma (Myanmar) scored a victory in the country’s
first free, multiparty elections in three decades. The military
rulers allowed democratic elections but ignored the results when the
National League for Democracy (NLD) of Aung San Suu Kyi won 392 of
485 contested seats.
(SFC, 5/25/96, p.A12)(AP, 5/27/00)(Econ, 7/23/05,
1990 Nov 11, In Myanmar Rangoon
students Soe Myint and a friend hijacked a plane enroute from
Bangkok to Yangon. They made it fly to Calcutta (later Kolkata) by
pretending that a bar of soap inside a statuette was a bomb. Myint
then launched a news service covering Myanmar from India using
(http://tinyurl.com/kz4vs6d)(Econ, 8/10/13, p.38)
1990-2005 Global Witness estimated that Myanmar
lost 18% of its forests during this period. The country once had
four-fifths of the world’s teak.
(Econ, 4/21/12, p.58)
1991 Oct 14, Myanmar opposition
leader Aung San Suu Kyi was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize
for her non-violent promotion of democracy. Her award was accepted
by her husband, Michael Aris (d.1999 at 53) and their sons. A
collection of her writings is titled "Freedom From Fear."
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.C-1)(SFEC, 3/28/99, p.D6)(AP,
1991 Khun Sa (1934-2007),
Myanmar drug warlord and head of the Shan United Army, became head
of the Shan State Restoration Council.
(Econ, 11/10/07, p.106)
1992 Apr 23, Myanmar Gen’l. Saw
Maung stepped down as chairman of SLORC because of illness. He was
replaced by Gen’l. Than Shwe.
(SFC, 7/25/97, p.A18)
1992 The Asian Development Bank
began building and improving transport and telecom links between
China, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.
(Econ, 11/8/03, p.42)
1992 The Greater Mekong
Subregion was created grouping 5 South-East Asian countries
(Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam) and 2 Chinese
1992 Bangladesh began refusing
refugee status to Rohingyas, a dark-skinned Muslim minority from
(Econ, 12/1/07, p.56)
1993 Aug, A 370-pound heroin
shipment was seized in New Orleans. In 1997 Thai police seized a
Myanmar man, Liu Wen Ming, for organizing the shipment. Ming was
suspected of being an associate of drug kingpin Khun Sa.
(SFC, 4/1/97, p.A12)
1993 In Myanmar the Mong Tai
Army took up arms against the government.
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)
1993 In Myanmar the pro-junta
Union Solidarity and Development Association (USDA) was formed.
(Econ, 4/12/08, p.28)
1994 In Myanmar the Kachin
Independent Army (KIA) agreed to stop fighting. Hostilities were
resumed 17 years later.
(Econ, 11/27/10, p.52)(Econ, 5/25/13, SR p.11)
1994 Myanmar leased the 2 Coco
Islands in the Indian Ocean to China. China proceeded to establish
surveillance stations there.
1994 The Orient-Express
purchased a floating hotel on the Rhine, converted it and renamed
it to the "Road to Mandalay" for 4 day excursions on the
Irrawaddy from Bagan to Mandalay.
(SSFC, 4/4/04, p.D12)
1995 Jan, Myanmar government
forces overran the Karen National Union’s stronghold at Manerplaw
and forced refugees to take refuge in Thailand.
(SFEC, 6/4/00, p.C15)
1995 July 10, Aung San Suu Kyi
was released after six years of house arrest. She later
charged that the Myanmar military regime doesn't want democratic
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.C-1)(WSJ, 11/30/95, p.A-1)
1995 In Myanmar more than 500
people died this year in the 48-year long conflict with Karen
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)
1995 Berkeley, Ca., became the
first city to adopt sanctions against Myanmar due to the repressive
(SFC, 1/26/98, p.A13)
1995-1998 The Yadana pipeline and offshore natural
gas production facilities were built by a consortium of Total,
Unocal and Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise.
(SFC, 4/29/08, p.D1)
1996 Jan, Khun Sa, a Myanmar
opium warlord in command of some 15,000 Shan troops, surrendered to
the government. He agreed to disband his private army, give up the
drug trade and submit to a form of house arrest in exchange for
protection and freedom to pursue business opportunities.
(SFC, 4/15/98, p.C14)(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A14)
1996 Jan, Lu Maw, Par Par Lay
and Lu Zaw performed as the Moustache Brothers in a skit outside the
home of Aung San Suu Kyi. They satirized Myanmar’s ruling SLORC and
were charged with “disrupting the stability of the Union." A 2-month
public, but juryless trial followed and they were sentenced to
prison. They were released in July 2001.
(WSJ, 7/10/02, p.D8)
1996 May, The Myanmar military
regime has jailed 71 supporters of Aung San Suu Kyi in a bid to
block a pro-democracy meeting. General Maung Aye, commander and
deputy chairman of the military regime warned that the government
will annihilate anyone who disturbs the country’s peace and
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.C-1)
1996 May 24, Roger Truitt,
president of Atlantic Richfield Co. was pictured in negotiations
with Myanmar General Khin Nyunt, head of the secret police.
(SFC, 5/25/96, p.A12)
1996 Jun 6, The Myanmar
military regime banned the weekly meetings at the house of Aung San
(SFC, 6/7/96, p.A15)
1996 Oct 3, In Myanmar SLORC
was in arrears in payments on crude-oil imports. The main foreign
exchange earners, rice and timber, were in production slowdowns.
(WSJ, 10/3/96, p.B11A)
1996 Nov 1, A government
program to attract visitors, “Visit Myanmar Year," began with
tighter security measures.
(SFEC, 11/10/96, p.T5)
1996 Dec 3, Myanmar riot police
dispersed hundreds of student demonstrators and detained dozens
outside Rangoon at the Schwedagon Pagoda.
(SFC, 12/3/96, p.A13)
1996 Dec 26, Two bombs exploded
in Rangoon during an exhibit of a tooth believed to have belonged to
Buddha. The military regime blamed student and ethnic Karen
insurgents based in eastern Myanmar. Five people were killed.
(WSJ, 12/27/96, p.A1)
1996 Dec, The Myanmar
universities were closed.
(SFC, 5/27/97, p.A11)
1996-1998 A 1998 Amnesty Int’l. report accused the
Burmese army in the torture and killings of hundreds of ethnic Shan
villagers in the Shan state during this period.
(SFC, 4/15/98, p.C14)
1996-2001 In 2002 the Thailand-based Shan Human
Rights Foundation filed a report that Myanmar government military
forces raped at least 625 girls and women in Shan state over this
period in an effort to bring the area under control.
(SFC, 7/4/02, p.A16)
1997 Jan 28, PepsiCo Inc. said
it was ending business in Myanmar due to human rights problems. It
joined Eddie Bauer, Levi Strauss and Liz Claiborne.
(USAT, 1/29/97, p.8A)
1997 Feb 14, In Myanmar some
3,000 Karen refugees fled into Thailand to escape fighting. The
Karen National Union had been fighting for autonomy since 1948.
Thailand said 16,000 Karens were crossing over its border.
(SFC, 2/15/97, p.A10)(WSJ, 2/14/97, p.A1)
1997 Feb 26, Thai soldiers
pushed Karen refugees back across the border into Myanmar as Burmese
troops massed for an offensive.
(WSJ, 2/27/97, p.A1)
1997 Apr 6, A bomb exploded at
the Rangoon home of Lt. Gen’l. Tin Oo and killed his daughter, Cho
Lei Oo (34).
(WSJ, 4/8/97, p.A1)(SFC, 4/8/97, p.A10)
1997 Apr 21, Pres. Clinton
approved a ban on new American investment in Myanmar due to human
rights abuses. It also banned visas for senior Burmese government
(SFC, 4/22/97, p.A6)(WSJ, 3/25/04, p.A15)
1997 May 31, The 7-member ASEAN
alliance, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, met in Kuala
Lumpur and agreed to allow Myanmar to become a member in July. Laos
and Cambodia were also admitted. The members were Thailand,
Singapore, the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei and Vietnam.
(SFEC, 6/1/97, p.D3)
1997 Jul 23, The ASEAN trade
bloc admitted Laos and Myanmar but barred Cambodia.
(SFC, 7/24/97, p.A12)
1997 Jul, In Myanmar SLORC
renamed itself State Peace and Development Council (SPDC).
(SFC, 5/7/02, p.A9)
1997 Oct 15, It was reported
that only 2 of the 31 in the elite Junta have university degrees and
that Chinese business people had virtually taken over in Mandalay,
which had been the heart of Burmese culture.
1997 Nov 15, In Myanmar the
21-member SLORC was dissolved and a new State Peace and Development
Council headed by 4 top generals and commanders of various regions
1997 In Myanmar Thein Sein
became had of the Triangle Region Military Command and continued to
(Econ, 4/21/12, p.58)
1997 In Rangoon talks between
the Karen National Union and Burmese officials broke down when the
Karen refused to disarm. After the talks broke the Burmese army
swept through Karen territory and forced thousands of refugees into
(SFEC, 4/2/00, Z1 p.4)
1997 In Myanmar Sai Leun (Lin
Mingxian), warlord of Mongla, declared his fief an “opium-free
(Econ, 1/29/05, p.42)
1997 A US federal judge allowed
a lawsuit to proceed against Unocal, accusing the oil company of
complicity in human rights abuses on the Yadana project in Myanmar.
The decision opened the door to suing US corporations on their
(SFC, 4/29/08, p.D1)
1998 Mar 1, Myanmar's military
regime arrested 40 people it accused of planning to assassinate
leaders and bomb buildings.
(WSJ, 3/2/98, p.A1)
1998 Mar 31, It was reported
that in Thailand’s Mae Hong Son province, women of the Padaung tribe
of Myanmar were attracting tourists with their necks elongated by
wearing brass coils. They began fleeing Myanmar’s Kayah state over a
(SFC, 3/31/98, p.B4)
1998 Apr 2, Ethnic Karen rebels
launched attacks against Myanmar troops and killed 30 people.
(SFC, 4/4/98, p.A16)
1998 Apr 21, The Myanmar
military regime sentenced San San to 25 years in prison for a BBC
interview that criticized the government.
(WSJ, 4/22/98, p.A1)
1998 May 15, It was reported
that the Myanmar junta was expanding opium production while
collecting money from the UN for destroying poppy fields.
(SFC, 5/15/98, p.A14)
1998 May 27, Myanmar democracy
activists gathered to mark their 1990 victory, that was annulled by
the junta. It was their first legal gathering since then.
(WSJ, 5/28/98, p.A1)
1998 Jun 1, The Myanmar
military sentenced Aung Thein and Ko Hla Myint to 14 years in prison
for handing out copies of a letter from the Shan State Army
addressed to Lt. Gen’l. Khin Nyunt, the head of military
intelligence, back in March.
(SFC, 6/9/98, p.A14)
1998 Jun 2, In Myanmar 26
farmers were gunned down near Murng-Kerng.
(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A12)
1998 Jun 27, Myanmar soldiers
of the Light Infantry Battalion 246 shot and killed 23 villagers in
Kaeng Tawn. The dead included 7 children and 2 women.
(SFC, 8/8/98, p.A12)
1998 Aug 15, In Myanmar (Burma)
18 detainees, arrested for passing out literature and charged with
violating the 1950 Emergency Provision Act, were forced to leave the
country. A 5-year prison term was imposed if they break Burma’s laws
(SFC, 8/15/98, p.A14)
1998 Aug 19, In Myanmar Aung
San Suu Kyi was in her 8th day of a roadside protest in her 4th
attempt to travel to Bassein.
(SFC, 8/20/98, p.A16)
1998 Aug 24, In Burma Aung San
Suu Kyi bowed to medical problems and ended her 13-day roadside
standoff against the government.
(SFC, 8/25/98, p.A8)
1998 Sep 17, Ten dissidents
voted to annul all laws passed by the Myanmar junta in the last 10
years after constituting themselves as the elected parliament of
(WSJ, 9/18/98, p.A1)
1998 Sep, Air Myanmar F-27 with
39 people crashed near Tachilek in Shan state. Shan tribesmen looted
the wreckage. 5 adult male survivors were tortured and an air
hostess was raped for days. A surviving baby was left to die. 30
villagers were arrested.
(SFC, 9/25/98, p.A12)
1998 EU foreign ministers
banned visits by Myanmar officials, withdrew trade privileges and
imposed an arms embargo due to the repression of civil and political
(SFC, 4/11/00, p.D4)
1998 Burmese refugees in
Thailand created the Backpack Health Worker Team to effectively
sneak health into eastern Burma (Myanmar), where the military junta
provides little health care.
(SSFC, 3/22/09, p.A8)
1999 Apr 19, One of the annual
Goldman Environmental Prizes went to: Ka Hsaw Wa of Myanmar for
reporting on the plight of indigenous people and environmental
abuses on a Unocal gas pipeline across Thailand and Myanmar.
(SFC, 4/19/99, p.A2)(SFC, 4/7/00, p.A14)
1999 Jun 19, Aung San Suu Kyi
encouraged women to fight for democracy on the unofficial Women of
Burma Day, which was created by her followers to coincide with her
(SFEC, 6/20/99, p.A5)
1999 Oct 1, In Thailand the
Vigorous Burmese Student Warriors took 38 diplomats as hostages at
the Burmese Embassy in Bangkok. Two Thai officials were exchanged
for the hostages and 12  students were reported to have flown to
the Thai-Myanmar border by helicopter, where they were released. The
students demanded the release of political prisoners, dialogue
between the military and Aung San Suu Kyi and an elected parliament.
(SFC, 10/2/99, p.A12)(SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A25)
1999 Oct 2, Bo Mya, leader of
the Karen National Union, said he would grant sanctuary to the
Burmese students who were flown to the Thai-Myanmar border following
a 26 hour takeover of the Myanmar Embassy in Thailand.
(SFEC, 10/3/99, p.A25)
1999 In Myanmar the twins
Luther and Johnny Htoo (12) led God's Army, a band of some 100
guerrilla fighters that operated from the Ka Mar Pa Law village near
the Thailand border.
(SFC, 12/16/99, p.C9)
Bangladesh–China–India–Myanmar Forum for Regional Cooperation was
set up, mainly on China’s initiative. It aimed at greater
integration of trade and investment between the four countries.
(Econ, 5/25/13, SR p.9)
2000 Jan 24, In Thailand
security forces stormed a hospital and ended a 22-hour standoff with
Burmese guerrillas. 10 rebels of the "God's Army" were reported
killed. The hostage-takers were executed after surrendering to
(SFC, 1/25/00, p.A10)(SFC, 1/27/00, p.A12)
2000 Jan 26, In Myanmar Bo Mya,
legendary 24-year leader of the Karen National Union (KNU), was
voted out of the chairmanship. Saw Ba Thin was elected as the new
chairman of the Karen National Union (KNU).
(SFC, 1/28/00, p.A14)(SFC, 2/22/00, p.A8)
2000 Jan, The Karen celebrated
their new year 2739. Some 300,000 Karen were believed to be
internally displace within Myanmar.
(SFEC, 4/2/00, Z1 p.4)(SFEC, 6/4/00, p.C15)
2000 Apr 10, EU foreign
ministers toughened sanctions against Myanmar due to the increased
repression of civil and political rights.
(SFC, 4/11/00, p.D4)
2000 Apr, Over 40 youth members
of the opposition National league for Democracy were arrested by
Myanmar authorities over the mid-month Thingyan (New year) festival.
The information was smuggled in on video from Suu Kyi.
(SFC, 4/28/00, p.D6)
2000 Jun 12, The Bangkok Post
reported that Johnny and Luther Htoo, the 12-year-old leaders of
God’s Army, had laid down their arms and were living in a Christian
ethnic Karen village.
(SFC, 6/13/00, p.A11)
2000 Jul 24, Myanmar university
students returned to classes nearly 3.5 years after the military
shut down schools due to antigovernment protests. Loyalty pledges to
the government were required and political activity was barred.
(WSJ, 7/25/00, p.A1)(SFC, 8/23/00, p.A12)
2000 Aug 24, Aung San Suu Kyi
and 14 supporters tried to leave Rangoon for political activities in
the countryside. Police stopped her party and a stand-off began.
After 9 days the party was forced back to Rangoon.
(SFC, 9/2/00, p.A12)
2000 Sep 14, The Myanmar
military lifted restrictions against Suu Kyi and 8 other leaders of
the National League for Democracy.
(SFC, 9/16/00, p.A10)
2000 Nov 10, Some 125 Karen
guerrillas overran the Bianaw Myanmar military camp near the Thai
border. 30 escaped and one soldier was killed.
(SFC, 11/11/00, p.C18)
2000 Dec 6, Pres. Clinton gave
the US Presidential Medal of Freedom to Alexander Aris, the son of
Aung San Suu Kyi of Myanmar, on behalf of his mother who was held
under house arrest.
(SFC, 12/7/00, p.C10)
2000 Ross Dunkley, an
Australian editor, founded the Myanmar Times, an English-language
newspaper with a business emphasis, during a period of relative
liberalization under the ruling junta.
2001 Jan 9, The UN announced
that in Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi and the military junta had held
more than round of talks since October.
(SFC, 1/10/01, p.A10)
2001 Jan 16, Luther and Johnny
Htoo, twin adolescent leaders of an ethnic Karen rebel group,
surrendered to Thai border police.
(WSJ, 1/17/01, p.A1)
2001 Feb 19, A helicopter crash
killed Myanmar junta Lt. Gen. Tin Oo (67) and left 14 missing.
(SFC, 2/20/01, p.A10)
2001 Feb, Russia’s Atomic
Energy Ministry announced plans to build a 10-megawatt nuclear
research reactor in central Myanmar. The deal was finalized in July.
(WSJ, 1/3/02, p.A6)
2001 Mar 30, It was reported
that the forests of Myanmar had dropped from 21% coverage in 1949 to
less than 7% today.
(SFC, 3/30/01, p.A17)
2001 Russia sold Myanmar 10
MiG-29 fighter aircraft for $130 million.
(WSJ, 1/3/02, p.A6)
2001-2013 Myanmar lost 1.7 million hectares of
forest during this period, a portion of which was smuggled over from
Kachin to China’s Yunnan province.
(Econ, 9/19/15, p.38)
2002 Jan 22, The Myanmar army
was charged by Amnesty Int’l. of killing and torturing hundreds of
ethnic Shan villagers. Some 300,000 Shan villagers have been forced
to flee their homes in the past 2 years.
(SFC, 1/23/02, p.A6)
2002 Jan, Adrian Levy and Cathy
Scott-Clark authored “The Stone of Heaven," and history of jadeite
and their experiences in northern Myanmar at the world’s the biggest
(WSJ, 2/15/02, p.W6)
2002 Mar 7, In Myanmar Aye Zaw
Win (54) and 3 adult sons, 4 relatives of former dictator Ne Win,
were arrested and some military officers were dismissed for planning
a coup. Later Ne Win and his daughter were put under house arrest.
Aye Zaw Win and his 3 sons were convicted and sentenced to death Sep
(SSFC, 3/10/02, p.A15)(SFC, 3/19/02, p.A7)(SFC,
2002 May 5, In Myanmar the
military government released Aung San Suu Kyi (56) after 19 months
of house arrest in Rangoon.
(SFC, 5/6/02, p.A1,3)
2002 May, In Myanmar a trial
began for a number of soldiers, members of a security unit guarding
former dictator Ne Win, in connection with an abortive plot to
overthrow the country's ruling junta. In Sep a Myanmar military
tribunal sentenced 83 soldiers to 15-year jail terms.
2002 Jul 28, Myanmar's military
government released 32 political prisoners, among them 14 members of
the opposition, ahead of the visit next month of top U.N. envoy
2002 Aug 9, Myanmar's junta
freed 14 political prisoners, but the move was far short of the
release of all prisoners of conscience that opposition leader Aung
San Suu Kyi has demanded as a precondition for national
2002 Dec 5, Ne Win (91), former
general and dictator, died in Yangon. His 26 years in power
bankrupted Myanmar (Burma) economically and spiritually.
(SFC, 12/6/02, p.A30)(WSJ, 12/6/02, p.A1)
2002 Pascal Khoo Thwe (b.1967)
won the Kiriyama Pacific Rim Book Prize for his memoir “From the
Land of Green Ghosts: A Burmese Odyssey."
(SSFC, 11/10/02, p.M1)
2002 In Bangladesh Operation
Clean Heart rooted thousands of Rohingyas, dark-skinned members of a
poor, Muslin minority from Myanmar, from local villages. Myanmar’s
ruling junta called them residents of Rakhine state, pressed them
into slave labor and severely restricted their rights to travel and
marry. This led to the Rohingya border camp named Tal, on the banks
of the Naf River in Bangladesh.
(Econ, 12/1/07, p.56)
2003 Mar 7, Nai Shwe
Kyin (90), a veteran guerrilla leader from Myanmar’s Mon ethnic
minority, died. He founded the Mon Freedom League in 1947. He also
helped found the Mon People’s Front in 1952 and the New Mon State
Party in 1958. The party signed a cease-fire agreement with
Myanmar’s military government in 1995.
2003 Mar 27, In Yangon,
Myanmar, a bomb went off in front of a state telecommunications
office, killing at least one person and wounding three as the
country marked Armed Forces Day.
2003 May 21, In Myanmar bombs
exploded on the border with Thailand, killing four people.
2003 May 30, In Myanmar a
pro-government drunken mob of some 3,000 ambushed a 400-person
convoy carrying Aung San Suu Kyi and members of her National League
for Democracy. At least 70 people were killed.
(SFC, 6/12/03, p.A6)(SFC, 7/5/03, p.A16)
2003 Jun 1, Myanmar's military
junta closed universities and shut down offices of pro-democracy
leader Ang San Suu Kyi's party, after she and some of her key aides
2003 Jun 16, The Association of
Southeast Asian Nations urged Myanmar's military government to free
pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi.
2003 Nov 23, Myanmar's military
government released 4 top opposition party members from house
arrest, but pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi and 4 others
continued in detention.
2003 Nov 28, A Myanmar court
sentenced 9 people to death for high treason, including the editor
of a sports magazine. The government said the suspects were accused
of plotting to overthrow Myanmar's military junta through bombings
2003 Nov 29, Bhaddanta Vinaya
(93), one of Myanmar's most revered Buddhist monks and a spiritual
adviser to pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, died.
2003 Dec 23, Myanmar's largest
guerrilla group said it is committed to peace talks with the
military government, but it wants future rounds held in the Thai
capital to preserve neutrality.
2003 Myanmar’s SPDC unveiled a
17-point “road map" to democracy.
(Econ, 7/23/05, p.24)
2003 In Myanmar opium was
banned in Kokang Special Region No. 1. This forced nearly a third of
the population to leave their homes in search of money and food.
(Econ, 2/12/05, p.42)
2003 Myanmar reported 42% of
the world’s official malaria deaths. WHO statistics were not very
accurate as half of Africa’s countries did not submit any data.
(Econ, 12/9/06, p.86)
2004 Jan 17, Myanmar's junta
said it freed 26 members of Aung San Suu Kyi's opposition National
League for Democracy party.
2004 Mar 30, Myanmar's military
government said it will take the first step on a self-proclaimed
"road to democracy" by reconvening a constitutional convention that
was suspended eight years ago.
2004 Apr 7, In Malaysia 3 men
armed with firebombs, machetes and an axe attacked Myanmar's
embassy, hacking one senior official and starting a fire that
destroyed the building.
2004 Apr 9, Sein Lwin (81), who
served briefly as Myanmar's president in 1988, died.
2004 May 17, Myanmar held a
(WSJ, 5/17/04, p.A1)
2004 May 19, A cyclone that
swept through western Myanmar and left more than 140 people dead or
missing, and about 18,000 people homeless.
2004 Oct 7, An Asia-Europe
forum accepted Myanmar and 12 other new members ahead of a summit
strained by Yangon's human rights record. ASEM comprises 39 members:
25 from Europe, 13 from Asia and the European Commission.
2004 Oct 19, Myanmar's state
radio and television announced that PM Gen. Khin Nyunt was replaced
by a top member of the country's ruling junta, Lt. Gen. Soe Win.
2004 Nov 18, Myanmar's military
government said it had begun releasing thousands of prisoners who
may have been wrongly imprisoned by a recently disbanded military
2004 Nov 19, Myanmar's junta
freed Student democracy leader Min Ko Naing, the nation's number two
political prisoner, as part of a release of 3,937 inmates. After 15
years in jail he became head of the “88 Generation students’ Group."
(AFP, 11/20/04)(Econ, 8/25/07, p.39)
2004 Nov 25, Myanmar announced
it is to free more than 5,000 prisoners on top of the nearly 4,000
announced last week.
2004 Dec 11, Myanmar's state
media announced the military junta would release a further 5,070
2004 Myanmar enacted its
Electronic Transactions Law. This allowed a person to be imprisoned
for up to 15 years for distributing via the internet information
that courts deem harmful to the state.
(Econ, 8/25/12, p.32)
2005 Feb, Bao You Xiang, head
of Myanmar’s Wa Special Region No. 2, allowed farmers one last opium
harvest prior to enforcing and absolute ban. The region was
controlled by the United Wa State Army (UWSA), which produced heroin
and methamphetamine to buy weapons.
(Econ, 2/12/05, p.42)(Econ, 11/27/10, p.52)
2005 Mar 27, The head of
Myanmar's ruling junta said the country was moving toward democracy
but gave no indication of when the military would relinquish its
43-year grip on power.
2005 Apr 4, Chevron announced
plans to purchase Unocal Corp. for $18.4 billion. Chevron’s eventual
acquisition of Unocal included a stake in the Yadana project in
Myanmar, in which Unocal invested in the 1990s along with France’s
Total, Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise and the petroleum Authority of
Thailand. Total with a 31% stake operated the project. The Yadana
project brought in an estimated $969 million to the government
undercutting international sanctions to isolate the regime.
(SFC, 4/5/05, p.A1)(SFC, 10/4/07, p.A10)(SFC,
2005 Apr 26, A bomb exploded at
a busy market in Myanmar's key tourist city of Mandalay, killing at
least two people and wounding 15 others.
2005 Apr, Unocal agreed to
settle a lawsuit, for an undisclosed sum, concerning human rights
abuses on the Yadana project in Myanmar.
(SFC, 4/29/08, p.D1)
2005 May 7, In Myanmar 3
explosions rocked the capital, Yangon, killing at least 19 people
and wounding 162 others.
(AP, 5/8/05)(Reuters, 5/15/05)
2005 Jun 25, India said police
forces have destroyed one of the largest Mynamarese rebel bases in
India, deep in the mountainous jungles of the remote northeast. Some
200 guerrillas and supporters living in the Chin National Army camp
fled before the attack.
2005 Jul 6, Myanmar's military
government released about 240 prisoners, including political
detainees and opposition politicians.
2005 Jul 22, Former Myanmar PM
Khin Nyunt received a 44-year suspended sentence after being
convicted on eight charges including bribery and corruption.
2005 Jul 26, Myanmar agreed to
forgo its chairmanship of Southeast Asia's bloc next year to avoid a
damaging Western boycott of the group's meetings.
2005 Oct 18, An environmental
watchdog alleged that Chinese logging companies in Myanmar have
illegally exported huge amounts of timber in collusion with the
military government and ethnic guerrillas, destroying ecologically
unique forest areas.
2005 Aug 24, Rumors of a coup
in Myanmar's ruling military junta weakened the Southeast Asian
nation's currency and boosted the price of gold in local trading.
2005 Oct 31, A Myanmar court
sentenced a lawyer to seven years in prison for advising a group of
farmers to file grievances with the International Labor
2005 Nov 6, Myanmar’s military
junta began moving key ministries to Pyinmana, a secret location in
the mountains and dense forest. The ruling junta had shifted
headquarters to a series of underground bunkers in Pyinmana, in
(Econ, 7/23/05, p.24)(WSJ, 11/7/05, p.A18)
2005 Nov 8, The US State
Department issued its 7th annual report to Congress on religious
freedom. It cited Burma, China, Eritrea, Iran, North Korea, Saudi
Arabia, Sudan and Vietnam as restricting religious freedom.
2005 Nov 27, A Home Ministry
source said Myanmar's military junta has extended opposition leader
and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi's period of house
arrest for another 12 months.
2005 Dec 3, Myanmar’s
government confirmed for the first time that it has extended
pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi's detention for six months.
2005 Dec 5, Myanmar's military
junta reopened a key national constitutional convention.
2005 Dec 23, In Myanmar at
least four government battalions began shelling and attacking
villages and internal refugee hide-outs in southern Karenni State
and areas of neighboring Karen State, forcing some 3,000 people to
flee their homes.
2005 Myanmar’s ruling junta
arrested the leader of the Shan State National Army (SSNA) along
with other members of the Shan minority.
(Econ, 7/23/05, p.24)
2005 AIDS in Myanmar was
estimated at 1.2% of the population. It was reported that 100,000
new cases of TB were being detected annually.
(Econ, 7/23/05, p.25)
2005 In Myanmar fossils were
found near Bagan that later suggested the common ancestors of
humans, monkeys and apes, known as anthropoids, evolved from
primates in Asia, rather than Africa. The 38 million-year-old pieces
of jawbones and teeth were part of a growing body of evidence that
helped scientists to understand the origin of primates.
2006 Jan 8, The UN envoy to
Myanmar, Razali Ismail of Malaysia, said he had quit his post after
being refused entry for the past 2 years to the military-ruled
country where he pushed for reforms.
2006 Jan 31, Myanmar's military
government adjourned a constitution-drafting convention after almost
two months of deliberations, delegates said, amid growing
frustration with the slow pace of democratic reforms. Karen
insurgents, marking nearly six decades of fighting, said there was
little chance Myanmar's military rulers would come to the
negotiating table and end their bloody campaign against the ethnic
2006 Feb 10, In Myanmar
government officials said Win Aung, a former foreign minister ousted
in a Cabinet reshuffle by the country's ruling military junta, has
been put on trial for corruption charges.
2006 Feb 12, Myanmar's leader
Senior General Than Shwe lashed out at the US and the EU over their
sanctions against his regime, amid rising global pressure for it to
2006 Mar 13, Myanmar reported
its first case of the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu.
2006 Mar 26, A rights group
said Myanmar's military rulers have launched an offensive against
separatist guerrillas, attacking villages and forcing thousands to
flee in an attempt to quash a five-decade insurgency by Karen ethnic
2006 Apr 27, Reports from
Myanmar and Thailand said Myanmar troops were waging their biggest
military offensive in almost a decade and have uprooted more than
11,000 ethnic minority civilians in a campaign punctuated by
torture, killings and the burning of villages.
2006 Apr 29, A cyclone hit
Burma with 150 mph winds. Scattered deaths and injuries were
(SSFC, 4/30/06, p.A3)
2006 May 5, The US State
Department said Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice has waived a law
to make Myanmar refugees, almost all of whom back an armed group
fighting the Yangon military junta, eligible for resettlement into
2006 May 13, Myanmar's ruling
military acknowledged that its army is targeting the Karen ethnic
minority, saying the offensive is necessary to suppress bombings and
other anti-government attacks.
2006 May 18, A Karen group said
Myanmar troops, who have driven an estimated 15,000 Karen villagers
from their homes, are throwing more battalions into a widening
offensive against the ethnic minority.
2006 May 27, A Myanmar
government official said Nobel Peace Prize-winning pro-democracy
leader Aung San Suu Kyi will remain under house arrest for another
2006 Jun 11, Amnesty
International released a report saying China's sales of military
vehicles and weapons to Sudan, Nepal and Myanmar have aggravated
conflicts and abetted violence and repressive rule in those
2006 Jul 17, One of two young
twin brothers who led a small band of ethnic rebels calling
themselves "God's Army" surrendered to Myanmar's military
government. Johnny Htoo (18) and 8 fellow members of the group
surrendered with weapons in two separate groups on July 17 and 19 at
the coastal region military command in southeastern Myanmar.
2006 Jul, In Myanmar the
daughter of junta supremo Than Shwe (73) was married. In November a
leaked video of the lavish wedding sparked outrage among ordinary
people in the military-ruled and deeply impoverished nation.
2006 Aug 1, US sanctions on
Myanmar were extended for up to three years under a law signed by
President Bush, an attempt to increase pressure on the government to
follow through with democratic reforms.
2006 Sep 15, Over strong
opposition from China, the UN Security Council put Myanmar on its
agenda in what US officials called a "major step forward" in
American efforts to increase pressure on the country's military
2006 Oct 16, In central Myanmar
Thet Win Aung (34), who had been serving a 59-year sentence since
1998 after protesting for educational reform, died in jail.
2006 Oct 21, The death toll
from severe flooding in Thailand and neighboring Myanmar has jumped
to 143 after Thai authorities confirmed another 16 victims. The
severe flooding began in late August in Thailand's central and
2006 Oct 23, The military
regime in Myanmar ordered the International Red Cross to close five
key field offices in the country.
2006 Nov 6, Transparency
International, a watchdog group, reported that nearly three-quarters
of 163 countries ranked in a new survey suffer from a perception of
serious corruption, while in nearly half it is seen as rampant.
Finland, Iceland and New Zealand ranked as the least corrupt, while
Haiti, Guinea and Myanmar ranked as most corrupt.
(AP, 11/6/06)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.69)
2006 Nov 11, In Myanmar senior
UN official Ibrahim Gambari met detained opposition leader Aung San
Suu Kyi and the ruling junta's top leader.
2006 Nov 30, Human Rights Watch
said Myanmar army attacks against a rebellious minority have forced
thousands of civilians to flee their homes, with many trekking as
far as the Thai border for food and shelter.
2006 Dec 14, Myanmar's military
junta has told Red Cross officials that the humanitarian group can
reopen field offices that the government had ordered shut in
2006 Dec 24, Bo Mya (79), a
longtime leader of the Karen National Union, died in Thailand. The
KNU was Myanmar's largest guerrilla group.
2006 Thant Myint-U authored
“The River of Lost Footsteps: Histories of Burma," a memoir and
history of Myanmar.
(WSJ, 12/7/06, p.D8)
2006 Myanmar’s population
numbered about 51 million.
(Econ, 9/2/06, p.39)
2007 Jan 3, Myanmar's military
government freed nearly 3,000 convicts, but key political prisoners
were not among those released.
2007 Jan 10, A new report
alleged that Myanmar's military junta is allowing gold mines to
pollute the world's largest wild tiger reserve and has promoted
development that is destroying ethnic Kachin communities.
2007 Jan 12, China and Russia
blocked the Security Council from demanding an end to political
repression and human rights violations in military-ruled Myanmar,
rejecting a resolution proposed by the United States. South Africa
sided with China and Russia.
(AP, 1/13/07)(Econ, 1/27/07, p.47)
2007 Jan 18, Myanmar’s state
media accused pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi of evading taxes
by spending her money from the 1991 Nobel Peace prize and other
2007 Feb 12, A report issued by
a human rights group accused Myanmar's military of killing, raping
and torturing ethnic Karen women as part of its battle against the
minority group over the past 25 years.
2007 Feb 23, In Myanmar at
least five protesters who took part in a rare demonstration that
urged the ruling military junta to improve health care, education
and economic conditions were taken into custody.
2007 Mar 15, The EU said it
would put pressure on members of the Southeast Asian regional
grouping ASEAN at talks in Germany to urge Myanmar to improve its
human rights record.
2007 Apr 12, An international
conservation group tens of thousands of villagers could be displaced
and a fragile ecosystem destroyed by a hydropower project being
built on northeastern Myanmar's Salween River.
2007 Apr 26, Myanmar and North
Korea signed an agreement to resume diplomatic ties during a visit
to Myanmar by the North Korean vice foreign minister.
2007 May 14, Nearly 60 former
heads of state, including three ex-American presidents, demanded
that Myanmar's military regime release Nobel peace laureate Aung San
Suu Kyi from house arrest.
2007 May 22, Cambodian PM Hun
Sen met with junta head Senior General Than Shwe in military-ruled
Myanmar, as the two nations moved to improve tourism links.
2007 May 25, Myanmar's military
government extended the house arrest of pro-democracy leader Aung
San Suu Kyi by another year.
2007 Jul 30, In the Philippines
southeast Asian foreign ministers agreed to set up a regional human
rights commission, overcoming fierce resistance from military-ruled
Myanmar. Myanmar agreed not to veto discussion over the human rights
commission at a November summit.
(AP, 7/30/07)(Econ, 8/4/07, p.36)
2007 Aug 22, In Myanmar
hundreds of pro-democracy activists marched to protest the
government's fuel price hikes. The military junta arrested 13 top
dissidents and deployed gangs of spade-wielding supporters on the
streets of Yangon. The unannounced price hike sparked
anti-government protests that led to the "saffron rebellion," which
was crushed by the military government leaving at least 15 dead and
(Reuters, 8/22/07)(AP, 1/1/12)
2007 Aug 23, In Myanmar defiant
pro-democracy activists took to the streets for the third time this
week, forming a human chain to try to prevent officers from dragging
them into waiting trucks and buses.
2007 Aug 24, Myanmar's military
junta moved swiftly to crush the latest in a series of protests
against fuel price hikes, arresting more than 10 activists in front
of Yangon City Hall before they could launch any action.
2007 Aug 25, Myanmar's state
media reported that military junta has detained at least 63
activists who protested massive fuel-price hikes over the last week,
as the government pursued its clampdown on the increasingly daring
2007 Aug 27, About 50
pro-democracy activists were arrested outside Yangon, as the Myanmar
junta clamped down on dissent following a series of protests last
week against a sharp hike in fuel prices.
2007 Aug 28, Pro-democracy
supporters expanded their protests against Myanmar's military,
marching through the streets of the port town of Sittwe while
attempting to rally in the main city Yangon.
2007 Aug 29, In Myanmar
pro-government gangs on trucks staked out key streets in Yangon as
the country's military rulers sought to crush a rare wave of dissent
by pro-democracy activists protesting fuel price increases.
2007 Sep 19, More than 2,000
monks protested across Myanmar for a 2nd straight day against the
2007 Sep 20, Almost 1,000
Buddhist monks, protected by onlookers, marched through Myanmar's
biggest city for a third straight day and pledged to keep alive the
most sustained protests against the military government in at least
2007 Sep 21, In Myanmar about
1,500 Buddhist monks marched through downtown Yangon to protest
against Myanmar's military government, beginning their fourth day of
demonstrations at a pagoda that has long served as a national symbol
2007 Sep 22, In the central
Myanmar city of Mandalay, a crowd of 10,000 people, including at
least 4,000 Buddhist monks, marched in one of the largest
demonstrations since the 1988 democracy uprising. About 1,000 monks,
led by one holding his begging bowl upturned as a sign of protest,
marched in Yangon for a 5th straight day. The anti-government
demonstrations touched the doorstep of democracy heroine Aung San
2007 Sep 22, To date 144
countries had ratified the UN Convention Against Torture. Holdouts
included Sudan, North Korea, Myanmar, Zimbabwe and India.
(Econ, 9/22/07, p.72)
2007 Sep 23, In Myanmar some
20,000 people, led by Buddhist monks, protested against the junta.
Riot police and barbed wire barricades blocked hundreds of monks and
anti-government demonstrators from approaching the home of the
detained democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, in a new show of force
against a rising protest movement.
2007 Sep 23, Indian Oil
Minister Murli Deora witnessed the signing of three accords between
state-run Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC) and the state-run Myanmar
Oil and Gas Enterprise at Nay Pyi Taw, the administrative capital of
2007 Sep 24, In Myanmar as many
as 100,000 protesters led by a phalanx of barefoot monks marched
through Yangon. The movement has grown in a week from faltering
demonstrations to one rivaling the failed 1988 pro-democracy
2007 Sep 25, Soldiers,
including an army division that took part in the brutal suppression
of a 1988 uprising, converged on Yangon, Myanmar's largest city,
after thousands of monks and sympathizers defied government orders
to stay out of politics and protested once again. The Buddhist monks
marched out for an eighth day of peaceful protest despite orders to
the Buddhist clergy to halt all political activity and return to
their monasteries. Military leaders imposed a nighttime curfew and
banned gatherings of more than 5 people.
(AP, 9/25/07)(WSJ, 9/26/07, p.A1)
2007 Sep 25, President George
W. Bush announced new US sanctions against Myanmar's military rulers
and urged other countries to follow suit amid Myanmar's biggest
anti-government protests in 20 years.
2007 Sep 26, In Myanmar at
least four people including three Buddhist monks were killed as
security forces used weapons and tear gas to crush protests that
have erupted nationwide against the military junta.
2007 Sep 26, Transparency
International's 2007 index ranked Myanmar and Somalia as the most
corrupt nations. Both received the lowest score of 1.4 out of 10.
Denmark, Finland and New Zealand were ranked the least corrupt, each
2007 Sep 27, In Myanmar troops
cleared protesters from the streets of central Yangon, giving them
10 minutes to leave or be shot as the Myanmar junta intensified a
two-day crackdown on the largest uprising in 20 years. At least nine
people were killed, including a Japanese national. In December a UN
investigator documented 31 people killed by the end of the crackdown
(Reuters, 9/27/07)(AP, 12/7/07)
2007 Sep 27, China issued an
evenhanded plea for calm in Myanmar, calling on all sides to show
2007 Sep 28, Myanmar soldiers
clubbed and dragged away activists while firing tear gas and warning
shots to break up demonstrations before they could grow, and the
government cut Internet access, raising fears that a deadly
crackdown was set to intensify. The US administration slapped visa
bans on more than 30 members of the Myanmar junta and their
(AP, 9/28/07)(AFP, 9/29/07)
2007 Sep 29, UN envoy Ibrahim
Gambari flew into Myanmar carrying worldwide hopes he can persuade
its ruling generals to use negotiations instead of guns to end mass
protests. The streets of Myanmar's two biggest cities were eerily
quiet after a brutal crackdown on demonstrators seeking to end 45
years of military rule. Soldiers quickly snuffed out one small
demonstration in Yangon, dragging several men to waiting trucks.
2007 Sep 30, Myanmar's
government unexpectedly allowed the country's leading opposition
figure, Aung San Suu Kyi, to leave house arrest briefly and meet
with a UN envoy trying to persuade the junta to ease its crackdown
against a pro-democracy uprising. Thousands of troops locked down
Myanmar's largest cities, and scores of people were arrested
overnight. In Mandalay, Myanmar's second largest city, security
forces arrested dozens of university students who staged a street
(AP, 9/30/07)(AP, 10/1/07)
2007 Oct 1, Myanmar's junta
leader stalled a UN envoy for yet another day, delaying his chance
to present international demands for an end to the crackdown on the
largest protests in two decades. A Norway-based dissident news
organization, the Democratic Voice of Burma, said pro-democracy
activists estimate 138 people were killed in the recent protests.
Shari Villarosa, the top US diplomat in Myanmar, said her staff had
visited up to 15 monasteries around Yangon and every single one was
empty. She put the number of arrested demonstrators, monks and
civilians, in the thousands.
(AP, 10/1/07)(AP, 10/1/07)
2007 Oct 2, Myanmar's reclusive
junta leader, Senior Gen. Than Shwe, finally granted an audience to
a UN envoy hoping to broker an end to Myanmar's crackdown on
2007 Oct 3, Soldiers said they
were hunting pro-democracy protesters in Myanmar's largest city and
the top US diplomat in the country said military police had pulled
people out of their homes during the night. The European Union
agreed in principle to punish the junta with sanctions.
(AP, 10/3/07)(AFP, 10/3/07)
2007 Oct 5, In Myanmar acting
Ambassador Shari Villarosa met with Deputy Foreign Minister Maung
Myint in the remote jungle capital of Naypitaw (Naypyidaw). During
her visit, she was expected to repeat the US view that the regime
must meet with democratic opposition groups and "stop the iron
crackdown" on peaceful demonstrators. The US said it would propose a
UN Security Council resolution imposing sanctions on Myanmar if the
government there does not "respond constructively" to international
concern about repression of pro-democracy protests.
(AP, 10/5/07)(Econ, 4/12/08, p.27)
2007 Oct 6, Myanmar's junta
tried to cool growing UN pressure over its deadly crackdown on
peaceful protests, offering talks with democracy leader Aung San Suu
Kyi, and relaxing its blockage of the Internet. A day of global
protests against Myanmar's junta began in cities across Asia, after
the military regime admitted detaining hundreds of Buddhist monks
when troops turned their guns on pro-democracy demonstrators last
(AFP, 10/6/07)(AP, 10/6/07)
2007 Oct 7, Myanmar's military
leaders stepped up pressure on monks who spearheaded pro-democracy
rallies, saying that weapons had been seized from Buddhist
monasteries and threatening to punish all violators of the law.
2007 Oct 10, A Myanmar exile
group, made up of former political prisoners, said authorities had
recently informed the family of Win Shwe (42), that he had died
during interrogation in the central Myanmar region of Sagaing. He
and five colleagues were arrested on Sept. 26. The Assistance
Association for Political Prisoners said that at least seven people
have been arrested in the past two days in Yangon, including Hla Myo
Naung (39), a leader of the '88 Generation Students.
2007 Oct 12, Myanmar PM Gen.
Soe Win (59), reviled for his role in a bloody attack on opposition
leader Aung San Suu Kyi and her followers in 2003, died after a long
illness. Myanmar's military junta rejected a UN statement calling
for negotiations with the opposition, insisting that it would follow
its own plan to bring democracy to the country.
2007 Oct 13, Amnesty
International said 4 prominent political activists were arrested in
Myanmar as the ruling junta kept up its crackdown on pro-democracy
2007 Oct 14, Myanmar's ruling
junta restored Internet access but kept foreign news sites blocked,
partially easing its crackdown as a UN envoy headed to Asia to
convey the world's demands for democratic reforms in the country.
2007 Oct 16, In Myanmar
relatives said 5 pro-democracy activists had been sentenced to long
(WSJ, 10/17/07, p.A1)
2007 Oct 16, Japan, Myanmar's
largest aid donor, said it had canceled a multimillion dollar grant
to protest the military-ruled nation's crackdown on pro-democracy
2007 Oct 17, Myanmar's military
junta acknowledged that it detained nearly 3,000 people during a
crackdown on recent pro-democracy protests, with hundreds still
remaining in custody.
2007 Oct 19, Pres. Bush imposed
new financial sanctions against Myanmar, freezing YS assets of 11
additional members of the military government.
(SFC, 10/20/07, p.A3)
2007 Oct 20, Myanmar announced
that it was lifting a curfew and ending a ban on assembly imposed
after a crackdown on pro-democracy protesters, the latest sign that
the government believes it has extinguished the largest
demonstrations in decades.
2007 Oct 24, A day of global
protests against Myanmar's junta began in Bangkok as democracy
leader and Nobel peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi marked a cumulative
12 years in detention.
2007 Oct 25, Suu Kyi, detained
since May 2003, met with a newly appointed Myanmar government
official as part of a UN-brokered attempt to nudge her and the
military junta toward reconciliation. At least 70 people detained by
the military government following protests in Myanmar, including 50
members of pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi's party, were
2007 Oct 26, In Myanmar
one-time drug warlord Khun Sa (b.1933), variously described as among
the world's most wanted men and as a great Shan liberation fighter,
(AP, 10/30/07)(Econ, 11/10/07, p.106)
2007 Oct 30, Myanmar's military
government freed seven members of Aung San Suu Kyi's pro-democracy
party, who had been held for more than a month. Human Rights Watch
charged that Myanmar’s military government is recruiting children as
young as 10 into its armed forces.
(AP, 10/30/07)(WSJ, 10/31/07, p.A1)
2007 Oct 31, More than 100
Buddhist monks marched in northern Myanmar for nearly an hour, the
first public demonstration since the government's deadly crackdown
last month on pro-democracy protesters.
2007 Nov 14, Myanmar's military
junta arrested three more activists, surging ahead with a crackdown
even as it hosted a UN human rights investigator and insisted that
all arrests had stopped.
2007 Nov 17, State media
reported that China has called on Myanmar to speed up democratic
reforms, an unusual move for Beijing, which has traditionally
refrained from criticizing the military regime.
2007 Dec 4, State media said
Myanmar's military junta has completed the release of 8,585
prisoners, but it was unclear if any of those released were among
those detained during the crackdown.
2007 Dec 10, Australia accepted
seven asylum seekers from Myanmar as refugees as the country's new
Labor government began unwinding tough immigration laws which force
boatpeople into detention on Pacific island nations.
2007 Dec 14, Indonesia, the
nation hardest hit by bird flu, announced its 93rd death due to the
H5N1 virus. In China, the military in eastern Nanjing banned the
sale of poultry this week after a father and son came down with the
disease earlier this month. Health officials confirmed the
24-year-old man died from the virus a day before his father, 52,
became sick. It was the country's 17th bird flu death. The WHO
confirmed Myanmar's first human case of bird flu and praised the
secretive country for its quick and open handling of the infection.
State media reported a girl (7) was hospitalized on Nov. 27 and
released on Dec. 12 in good condition after being treated with the
antiviral drug Tamiflu.
2007 Myanmar slashed real
estate taxes to 15% from 50%. Drug traffickers seized the
opportunity to convert their cash to real estate.
(SSFC, 6/7/15, p.A17)
2007 Myanmar’s population was
around 53 million. Myanmar is rich in natural resources, but 90
percent of its people lived on less than $1 a day. 30% lived below
the poverty line.
(AP, 9/29/07)(Econ, 4/12/08, p.29)(Econ, 5/10/08,
2008 Jan 2, Myanmar's military
junta dramatically raised the annual fee for TV satellite dishes, an
apparent move to block the foreign news channels that beamed in
global criticism of its recent crackdown on pro-democracy protests.
2008 Jan 4, Myanmar's
Independence Day was marked by opposition calls for the freeing of
democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi and other political prisoners as the
military rulers urged national discipline.
2008 Jan 20, In Myanmar a bus
plunged over the side of a road and flipped over, killing 27
passengers and injuring 10 others.
2008 Feb 5, The US Treasury
Dept. said it is imposing financial sanctions against family members
of the military-run government of Myanmar and individuals it
identified as key members of the financial empire of Tay Za.
(SFC, 2/6/08, p.A7)
2008 Feb 12, In Myanmar
supporters of opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi protested to demand
democracy in Myanmar, days after the military regime said it would
hold elections in 2010 under a new constitution likely to entrench
the junta's powerful position.
2008 Feb 19, Myanmar's ruling
junta said the country's new draft constitution, which will replace
one scrapped in 1988, has been completed.
2008 Mar 3, In Myanmar 5 people
were killed in execution-style shootings in the wealthy Yangon
neighborhood where democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi is under house
2008 Mar 3, The Sri Lankan navy
said it rescued 71 Burmese Bangladeshi citizens aboard a vessel that
had drifted for 12 days in the Indian Ocean. 20 others had died from
lack of food and water.
(SFC, 3/4/08, p.A3)
2008 Mar 5, In Myanmar
pro-democracy party of detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi's
said they had failed in a bid to sue the military government for not
recognizing their 1990 election victory.
2008 Mar 21, In Myanmar a man
set himself on fire at Shwedagon pagoda, Yangon's most famous
landmark in a political protest against the military junta. He died
of his injuries in April.
(www.mysinchew.com/node/8895)(WSJ, 4/23/08, p.A1)
2008 Mar 27, Myanmar's junta
chief insisted that he is not power-hungry and intends to hand
control of the government to the winners of elections in 2010.
2008 Apr 2, Myanmar democracy
leader Aung San Suu Kyi's opposition party urged voters to reject a
military-backed draft constitution, saying it was undemocratic and
drafted under the junta's direct control.
2008 Apr 10, In Thailand 54
illegal migrant workers from Myanmar suffocated in the back of an
unventilated truck, while the rest of the passengers being smuggled
to Thailand pounded on the container and screamed in vain for the
driver's help. 37 of the dead were women and 17 were men. A Thai
court the next day convicted some 64 survivors of illegal entry and
rule to send them back to Myanmar.
(AP, 4/10/08)(Reuters, 4/11/08)
2008 Apr 12, Myanmar reportedly
had about 500,000 soldiers, twice the 1958 number.
(Econ, 4/12/08, p.29)
2008 May 1, Pres. Bush imposed
new sanctions against property owned or controlled by the military
junta in Myanmar.
(WSJ, 5/2/08, p.A8)
2008 May 3, Tropical Cyclone
Nargis slammed into Myanmar's main city of Yangon, ripping off
roofs, felling trees and raising fears of major casualties. Later
counts guessed that some 138,000 died or went missing due to the
cyclone. Foreign countries mobilized to rush in aid after the
country's deadliest storm on record. In 2010 Emma Larkin authored
“Everything Is Broken: A Tale of Catastrophe in Burma."
(AP, 5/4/08)(AP, 5/6/08)(Econ, 5/1/10, p.86)
2008 May 6, Myanmar's junta
decided to postpone voting on a new constitution in areas
hardest-hit by a devastating cyclone as the death toll soared above
2008 May 7, The international
relief effort for hundreds of thousands of Myanmar cyclone victims
picked up speed as India dispatched two planeloads of aid and
Myanmar authorized the UN to send its own air shipment.
2008 May 8, Relief supplies
from the United Nations began arriving in Myanmar, but US military
planes loaded with aid were still denied access by the country's
isolationist regime five days after a devastating cyclone. Some
feared that lack of safe food and drinking water could push the
death toll above 100,000.
2008 May 9, Myanmar's junta
seized UN aid shipments headed for hungry and homeless survivors of
last week's devastating cyclone prompting the world body to suspend
further help. According to state media, 23,335 people died and
37,019 are missing from Cyclone Nargis.
2008 May 10, Myanmar's military
regime distributed international aid but plastered the boxes with
the names of top generals in an apparent effort to turn the relief
effort for last week's devastating cyclone into a propaganda
exercise. Voting on a new constitution began in all but the hardest
hit parts of the country. The UN said at least one million survivors
remain without aid more than a week after the deadly cyclone.
(AP, 5/10/08)(AFP, 5/10/08)
2008 May 11, In Myanmar a Red
Cross boat carrying rice and drinking water for cyclone victims
sank, while the death toll jumped to more than 28,000 and aid groups
warned of a humanitarian catastrophe.
2008 May 12, Myanmar state
television put the death toll for Cyclone Nargis at 31,938 with
29,770 people missing. The US White House said it was extending an
extra 13 million dollars in aid as the first US flight of emergency
supplies landed in the country.
(AP, 5/12/08)(SFC, 5/13/08, p.A3)
2008 May 14, Experts said the
1.5 million people left destitute by Myanmar's cyclone are in
increasing danger of disease and starvation, but the ruling junta
said no to a Thai request to admit more aid workers. The Red Cross
said the death toll could reach nearly 128,000. Another powerful
storm headed toward Myanmar's cyclone-devastated delta and the UN
warned that inadequate relief efforts could lead to a second wave of
deaths among the estimated 2 million survivors.
(AP, 5/14/08)(WSJ, 5/15/08, p.A1)
2008 May 15, Myanmar's junta
warned that legal action would be taken against people who trade or
hoard international aid as the cyclone's death toll soared above
43,000. Myanmar announced that a constitution won massive support in
a referendum, a claim slammed by a leading rights group as an insult
to the country's people.
2008 May 16, The EU aid chief
said that Myanmar's junta still would not budge on accepting foreign
relief workers, two weeks after the cyclone tragedy that has left
more than 71,000 dead or missing.
2008 May 17, Frustrated world
leaders tightened the pressure on Myanmar, raising the allegation of
crimes against humanity over the regime's slow-moving response to
the cyclone disaster. Diplomats witnessed "huge" devastation in the
Irrawaddy delta and the toll of dead and missing from the cyclone
rose above 133,000 people.
(AFP, 5/17/08)(Reuters, 5/17/08)
2008 May 18, A senior UN envoy
went to Myanmar to urge its military junta to accept more
international aid for cyclone survivors. A British minister
suggested the isolationist regime may be relenting.
2008 May 19, Myanmar declared
three days of mourning for cyclone victims after agreeing to an
international aid effort led by its Southeast Asian neighbors to
help two million survivors in dire need.
2008 May 20, The UN's top
humanitarian official made fresh pleas to Myanmar's military
government to allow in more foreign aid for cyclone survivors, as
the country began three days of mourning for the 134,000 dead and
2008 May 21, UN chief Ban
Ki-moon began a mission for Myanmar's cyclone victims, saying "our
focus now is on saving lives," as the military government gave
approval UN helicopters to distribute aid.
(Reuters, 5/21/08)(WSJ, 5/22/08, p.A1)
2008 May 23, UN
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said Myanmar's junta agreed to allow
all aid workers into the country after weeks of refusing access to
foreign relief experts seeking to help cyclone survivors.
2008 May 25, A 52-nation
international conference pledged tens of millions of dollars for
some 2.4 million Myanmar survivors in need of aid. Official
estimates put the death toll at about 78,000, with another 56,000
missing. Myanmar has estimated the economic damage at about $11
2008 May 27, Myanmar's military
junta extended opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi's detention by one
year, ignoring worldwide appeals to free the Nobel laureate who has
been detained for more than 12 of the past 18 years.
2008 May 30, Myanmar's ruling
junta lashed out at foreign aid donors, saying cyclone victims did
not need supplies of "chocolate bars" and could instead survive by
eating frogs and fish.
2008 Jun 5, Amnesty
International said Myanmar's military regime has forced cyclone
survivors to do menial labor in exchange for food and stepped up a
campaign to evict displaced citizens from aid shelters.
2008 Jun 9, UN helicopters
fanned out across Myanmar's Irrawaddy delta, ferrying critical
supplies to villages struggling to survive since a devastating
cyclone struck more than five weeks ago.
2008 Jun 12, ASEAN said
Southeast Asian and UN experts will have full access to
cyclone-devastated parts of Myanmar, where more than a million
people have still not received any foreign help.
2008 Jun 12, In central Myanmar
at least 11 people died over the last 24 hours when their homes
collapsed from landslides caused by heavy rain.
2008 Jun 24, Myanmar's ruling
junta announced that 84,500 people perished in Cyclone Nargis in
May, up from an earlier confirmed toll of 77,700.
2008 Jul 1, In Myanmar a ferry
named "Myo Pa Pa Tun" sank in the Yway river in the cyclone-battered
Irrawaddy delta, killing 38 people. 44 others were rescued.
2008 Jul 6, Myanmar's state-run
newspaper said the overwhelming election victory by Aung San Suu
Kyi's party in 1990 has been nullified by the approval of a
military-backed constitution and her National League for Democracy
party should prepare for a new vote in 2010.
2008 Jul 8, State-media said
Myanmar's military regime has approved visas for more than 1,500
international aid workers to help victims of Cyclone Nargis, with
half of them involved in relief operations in storm-hit regions.
2008 Jul 21, A UN-led report
said Myanmar needs at least $1 billion over the next three years to
put the survivors of Cyclone Nargis back on their feet, in the first
comprehensive assessment of damage caused by the disaster that
killed more than 84,000 people.
2008 Jul 25, A UN official said
as much as 25 percent of cyclone relief aid in Myanmar is being lost
because of the military government's foreign exchange system.
2008 Jul 29, Pres. Bush signed
a bill freezing the assets of political and military leaders in
Myanmar and banning the importation of rubies and jade from Myanmar
to the US. The legislation also gave incentives to Chevron to divest
its natural gas program there. The US Treasury announced financial
sanctions on 10 companies suspected of being owned by Myanmar’s
(SFC, 7/30/08, p.A4)
2008 Aug 6, President George W.
Bush flew into Bangkok on the latest leg of a pre-Olympics Asian
tour, although his focus in Thailand is mainly on the "outpost of
tyranny" junta in neighboring Myanmar.
2008 Aug 7, In Thailand first
lady Laura Bush, meeting with refugees who fled a brutal campaign by
Myanmar's military junta, urged China and other countries to join
the US in imposing sanctions against the country.
2008 Sep 1, In Myanmar Saw
Myint Than, a magazine journalist was arrested on a charge of
violating the Electronics Law, which regulates all forms of
electronic communication and carries a maximum five-year prison
term. He was freed on Oct 20 after police determined he had not
provided information to The Irrawaddy, a Thailand-based Web site run
by Myanmar exiles.
2008 Sep 5, The political party
of detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi urged Myanmar's
military government to ensure her well-being as she continued to
refuse food deliveries to protest her detention.
2008 Sep 16, A Buddhist monk
slashed his throat in a suicide attempt at Myanmar's most sacred
temple, the scene of several pro-democracy protests that erupted a
year ago. A trustee of the Shwedagon temple said the monk became
desperate after running out of money to pay for medical care.
2008 Sep 23, Myanmar's
longest-serving political prisoner, journalist Win Tin, was freed
after 19 years behind bars and vowed to continue his struggle to
achieve democracy in the military-ruled country. Altogether Myanmar
freed 9,002 prisoners. Win Htein (64), a former aide to Myanmar
pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, was re-arrested less than 24
hours after being freed by the military government in the mass
(AP, 9/23/08)(SFC, 9/24/08, p.A4)(AP, 9/26/08)
2008 Nov 11, Myanmar sentenced
23 activists, including 5 Buddhist monks arrested during anti-junta
protests last year to 65 years each in jail, in what rights groups
branded a fresh attempt to stifle dissent. Min Ko Naing, considered
as one of Myanmar's top activists, was among those sentenced.
(AP, 11/11/08)(AFP, 11/14/08)(AFP, 11/15/08)
2008 Nov 13, Myanmar courts
handed down sentences of between six and eight years for 4 Buddhist
monks and two to 16 years for members of Nobel Peace Prize winner
Aung San Suu Kyi's party for involvement in last year's massive
protests against the military junta. 14 more activists from the NLD
were sentenced the next day at different courts in Yangon for
between two to 16 years, all in relation to last year's protests.
2008 Nov 14, In Myanmar
journalist Ein Khaing Oo, who had been detained for five months, was
sentenced to two years in prison for her coverage of a protest over
the lack of government relief for victims of a devastating cyclone.
She was convicted in a closed-door trial on charges of "disturbing
2008 Nov 17, Courts in
military-ruled Myanmar sentenced at least seven democracy activists
to prison, continuing a crackdown that saw about 70 people jailed
2008 Nov 19, A court in
military-ruled Myanmar sentenced a student activist to 6 1/2 years
in jail, a week after his father received a 65-year prison term for
his own political activities and a decade after his grandfather died
in custody. Di Nyein Lin was one of three student activists
sentenced by a court in a suburb of Yangon for various offenses,
including causing public alarm and insulting religion.
2008 Nov 21, Courts in
military-ruled Myanmar handed long prison sentences to a prominent
Buddhist monk and Zarganar, a popular comedian active in the
country's pro-democracy movement, rounding out two weeks of an
intensive judicial crackdown on activists.
2008 Nov 27, A court inside
Myanmar's notorious Insein prison sentenced a comedian who has
criticized the government's cyclone response to 14 more years,
bringing his total prison term to 59 years, his lawyer said.
Comedian and activist Zarganar was given a 45-year prison sentence
last week after he was convicted on charges related to interviews he
gave to foreign media outlets.
2008 Nov 28, In Myanmar 2
journalists were jailed for seven years each on charges of
undermining the military junta after they were caught with a UN
human rights report. A court in a northeastern suburb of Yangon
sentenced Thet Zin, editor of the local Myanmar-language journal
News Watch, and Sein Win Maung, the paper's manager, under the
country's draconian Printing and Publishing Law.
2008 Dec 29, The Indian Coast
Guard rescued two people off India's east coast during a search for
more than 300 illegal immigrants missing for the past four days and
feared dead. Survivors told Indian authorities that more than 300
people from Bangladesh and Myanmar, members of the ethnic Rohingya
minority, had jumped from a rickety boat that had been drifting for
13 days in the Indian Ocean and tried to swim to shore near the
Andaman Islands. On Jan 16 a refugees' advocacy group accused the
Thai navy of tying up four illegal immigrants and throwing them into
the ocean before abandoning hundreds of others on a barge in open
water, where some 300 drowned. At least 100 were rescued in Indian
waters. Survivors at the time told Indian authorities they had been
detained by Thai authorities, who towed them into the open sea and
(AP, 12/30/08)(AP, 1/16/09)(SSFC, 1/18/09, p.A5)
2009 Jan 17, Two dehydrated men
from Myanmar were found bobbing in an ice box in the Torres Strait
off Australia. They told authorities they had spent 25 days adrift
after their fishing boat sank. There was no sign of 18 other crew
2009 Jan 26, The Thai navy
detained a boat filled with 78 illegal Rohingya migrants, many of
whom had lacerations and burns they said were inflicted by Myanmar
2009 Jan 28, A new UN report
said Myanmar faced food shortages in many parts of the country,
largely because of last year's cyclone and a rat infestation that
destroyed crops. A human rights group said the Chin people,
Christians living in the remote mountains of northwestern Myanmar,
are subject to forced labor, torture, extrajudicial killings and
religious persecution by the country's military regime.
2009 Jan 28, A Thai court
convicted 66 barefoot, disheveled migrants detained at sea of
illegally entering the country, raising the prospect they could be
sent back to Myanmar despite fears they would be persecuted there.
2009 Jan 30, Indonesia said it
will repatriate 174 "economic migrants" who fled Myanmar claiming
persecution, as new accounts emerged of their harrowing sea journey
and alleged abuse by the Thai navy. The 174 Rohingya and 19
Bangladeshis being kept at an Indonesian naval base landed in Weh
Island off northern Sumatra on January 7.
2009 Feb 2, Indonesia's navy
picked up 198 starving, dehydrated boat people from Myanmar who said
they drifted for three weeks after authorities in Thailand forced
them to sea in a boat without an engine. Indonesian fishermen had
discovered the 40-foot (12-meter) boat off Aceh's coast in northern
Sumatra and towed it to shore.
2009 Feb 13, Myanmar's military
government extended the house arrest of the deputy leader of Aung
San Suu Kyi's pro-democracy party for one year, despite recent calls
from the United Nations for the release of political prisoners.
2009 Feb 20, In Myanmar the
government announced an amnesty for 6,300 prisoners. Only a handful
of political detainees were among those released.
(SFC, 2/21/09, p.A2)(AFP, 2/22/09)
2009 Mar 17, Authorities in
Myanmar were reported to have arrested five members of detained
pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi's political party from March
6-13. the report came a day after the UN called for the release of
more than 2,000 political prisoners in the military-run country.
2009 Apr 21, In Myanmar
authorities arrested Chit Pe, the pro-democracy deputy chairman, and
party member Aung Saw Wei in Twante township. Both took part in a
prayer service for the release of political prisoners which was held
at a pagoda, about 20 miles south of Yangon. The two were charged
with insulting religion, which carries a possible two-year jail
2009 Apr 24, Malaysia's PM
Najib Razak vowed to investigate a scathing report by US lawmakers
saying thousands of Myanmar refugees were handed over to human
traffickers and ended up working in Thai brothels.
2009 May 14, Myanmar opposition
leader Aung San Suu Kyi was charged with breaking the terms of her
house arrest and faces up to five years in jail after John Yettaw,
an American intruder, sneaked into her lakeside home.
(AP, 5/14/09)(Econ, 5/23/09, p.44)
2009 May 22, Myanmar opposition
leader Aung San Suu Kyi pleaded not guilty at her trial and blamed
the regime's lax security for allowing an American intruder to swim
uninvited to her lakeside home.
2009 Jun 5, In Myanmar refugees
began streaming out of the Ler Per Her camp in eastern Karen state
and into Thailand as Myanmar forces shelled near a camp where they
2009 Jun 6, Myanmar forces
started launching mortar attacks during fighting with Karen
2009 Jun 6, It was reported
that Chinese aid to Myanmar totaled some $400 million over the past
five years. US aid to Myanmar was said to be worth $12 million a
(Econ, 6/6/09, p.59)
2009 Jul 4, In Myanmar UN chief
Ban Ki-moon gave a rare public speech outlining his vision for a
democratic Myanmar, just hours after the ruling junta refused to let
him meet opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi.
2009 Aug 1, The Sydney Morning
Herald reported that North Korea is helping Myanmar build a secret
nuclear reactor and plutonium extraction plant to build an atomic
bomb within five years, citing the evidence of defectors. "In the
event that the testimony of the defectors is proved, the alleged
secret reactor could be capable of being operational and producing
one bomb a year, every year, after 2014."
2009 Aug 8, Myanmar government
troops seized a weapons factory near the Chinese border after being
informed about it during a ministerial meeting with China on
combating transnational crime. This triggered several days of
clashes with an ethnic militia that sent more than 30,000 refugees
fleeing across the border into China.
2009 Aug 11, A Myanmar court
convicted Nobel Peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi of violating her
house arrest by allowing John Yettaw, an uninvited American, to stay
at her home. The head of the military-ruled country ordered the
democracy leader to serve an 18-month sentence under house arrest.
Yettaw was also convicted, and had just spent a week in a prison
hospital for epileptic seizures.
(AP, 8/11/09)(AP, 8/15/09)
2009 Aug 13, The EU said it was
extending its sanctions on Myanmar to cover members of the judiciary
responsible for the verdict in the trial of opposition leader Aung
San Suu Kyi.
2009 Aug 15, In Myanmar US Sen.
Jim Webb won the release of John Yettaw (53), an American prisoner
convicted and sentenced to seven years in prison for swimming
secretly to the residence of detained democracy leader Aung San Suu
2009 Aug 24, Myanmar police
seized more than 100 blocks of heroin and nearly 3 million
methamphetamine tablets near the border with Thailand in one of the
military-ruled country's largest drug seizures.
2009 Aug 25, US Senator Jim
Webb, back from a rare trip to Myanmar, called sanctions against the
military regime "overwhelmingly counter-productive" and asked the
opposition to consider taking part in upcoming elections.
2009 Aug 27, In Myanmar fresh
fighting erupted between government forces and an armed ethnic group
in the remote northeast, forcing tens of thousands to flee across
the border into China.
2009 Aug 29, Fighting erupted
in northeast Myanmar after days of clashes in which the leader of
ethnic forces said more than 30 government troops had been killed.
Hundreds of ethnic rebels fled clashes in northeastern Myanmar,
surrendering their weapons and uniforms to Chinese border police and
crossing to safety after several days of skirmishes with Myanmar
government troops. The UN and Chinese officials said up to 30,000
civilian refugees have streamed into China to escape the fighting.
(Reuters, 8/29/09)(AP, 8/30/09)
2009 Aug 30, The Myanmar junta
ended a news blackout about clashes with ethnic rebels near the
China border, saying three days of fighting killed 26 government
forces and at least eight rebels.
2009 Aug 31, Thousands of
Myanmar refugees headed home from China as fighting between
government troops and a rebel militia that left more than 30 people
dead appeared to be over.
2009 Sep 3, Myanmar-born Kyaw
Zaw Lwin, an American citizen also known as Nyi Nyi Aung, was
arrested when he arrived at Yangon airport. Lwin started a hunger
strike on Dec. 4 to protest conditions of political prisoners in
Myanmar. He ended his hunger strike Dec. 15 and was subsequently
placed in solitary confinement. On Jan 1, 2010, Lwin was charged for
forgery and violation of the foreign currency act. Lwin (40) was
released on March 18, 2010.
(AP, 12/29/09)(AP, 1/1/10)(AFP, 3/18/10)
2009 Sep 17, Myanmar's junta
announced amnesty to 7,114 convicts at prisons across the country,
but it was not immediately known if they included political
2009 Sep 18, Myanmar released
at least 25 political detainees as part of an amnesty program. The
country was believed to be holding some 65,000 prisoners including
over 2,200 political detainees.
(SFC, 9/19/09, p.A2)
2009 Sep 29, The US signaled a
new approach to Myanmar as Kurt Campbell, assistant to the US Sec.
of State, met in NY with U Thaung, Myanmar’s minister of science,
technology and labor.
(Econ, 10/3/09, p.52)
2009 Oct 9, Myanmar's detained
opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi was granted a rare meeting with
top Western diplomats to discuss sanctions imposed on the
2009 Nov 3, The US began a new
policy of engagement with Myanmar's ruling military junta, sending
two senior diplomats for the highest-level visit in more than a
2009 Nov 4, In Myanmar a top US
official held talks with Aung San Suu Kyi as the ruling junta gave
the democracy icon a rare break from house arrest during
Washington's highest-level visit here in 14 years. Assistant
Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Kurt Campbell
also met PM Thein Sein as part of efforts by the Obama
administration to re-engage with the hardline military regime.
2009 Nov 6, Japan pledged $5.5
billion in aid over 3 years for Southeast Asia's 5 Mekong River
nations (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam), seeking to
deepen ties with the region amid growing influence from China.
2009 Nov 15, In Myanmar a ferry
carrying nearly 200 passengers sank after colliding with an oil
barge in the Ngawun River, killing at least 31 and leaving more than
a dozen missing.
(AP, 11/16/09)(AP, 11/17/09)
2009 Dec 16, In Myanmar 6
people were killed and 12 injured when a time bomb exploded in Karen
2009 Dec 31, In Myanmar
Freelance reporter Hla Hla Win (25) was sentenced by a court in
Pakokku for an alleged violation of the country's Electronics Act.
She was arrested in September after visiting a Buddhist monastery in
the northern town of Pakokku. The jailed reporter had worked with
the Myanmar exile broadcaster Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB), based
in Oslo, Norway. A man accompanying her was sentenced to 26 years in
2009 Dec, Myanmar began its
Myitsone hydropower project. All the electricity was to be exported
to China with revenues going to the Myanmar government.
2010 Jan 1, A free-trade
agreement between China and the 10 members of the Association of
Southeast Asia Nations (ASEAN) came into effect. The 6 richest
members scrapped tariffs on 90% of goods. The 4 poorest (Vietnam,
Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar) will not need to cut tariffs to the same
level until 2015.
(SSFC, 1/3/10, p.A4)(Econ, 1/9/10, p.44)
2010 Jan 4, Myanmar's ruling
junta chief confirmed that the country's first general elections in
two decades will be held this year but gave no date for the
balloting, which is expected to exclude pro-democracy leader Aung
San Suu Kyi.
2010 Jan 26, In Myanmar the
Palaung Women's Organization reported that opium cultivation in Shan
State has tripled in certain areas over the past three years. The
Palaung are an ethnic minority in the northern state.
2010 Feb 10, In Myanmar a court
sentenced Nyi Nyi Aung, a Burmese-born American, to 3 years of hard
labor for carrying a forged identity card, undeclared US currency
and for not renouncing his nationality after becoming a US citizen.
He was arrested last September when he returned to visit his mother,
an imprisoned democracy activist suffering from cancer.
(SFC, 2/11/10, p.A2)
2010 Feb 13, In Myanmar Tin Oo
(82), the deputy leader of the pro-democracy party, was released by
the military regime after almost seven years in detention and said
he hoped the party's leader Aung San Suu Kyi would also soon gain
2010 Feb 15, Myanmar sentenced
four activists to prison terms with hard labor as special UN envoy
Tomas Ojea Quintana arrived to assess progress on human rights in
the country. The four women were arrested last October after being
accused of offering Buddhist monks alms that included religious
2010 Feb 17, In Myanmar Gaw
Thita, a Buddhist monk, was quietly sentenced to seven years in
prison violating immigration laws by taking a trip to Taiwan last
2010 Feb 23, In Myanmar a
Cameroon football player fled temporarily to the French embassy in
Yangon as he was being taken to court by police for allegedly
counterfeiting currency notes. He surrendered to police a short time
later could face life imprisonment.
2010 Feb 28, In Myanmar Sai
Thein Win, a former major in the army, defected and brought papers
confirming Myanmar’s intent, if not yet capacity, to enrich uranium
and eventually build a bomb.
(Econ, 6/12/10, p.48)(http://tinyurl.com/35vxtvh)
2010 Mar 8, Myanmar announced
the enactment of long awaited laws that set the stage for the
country's first election in 20 years to be held sometime this year.
2010 Mar 13, In Myanmar ethnic
rebels in Nam Zam township, Shan State, killed 20 government
troops in an ambush aimed at deterring the military government from
launching an offensive against them ahead of elections this year.
2010 Mar 25, China agreed to
share water level data at 2 dams to ease pressure from nations
downstream, including Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.
(SFC, 4/6/10, p.A3)
2010 Mar 29, Myanmar's biggest
opposition party said it would not register for this year's
election, meaning Nobel Peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi's party will
have no role in the military-led political process.
2010 Apr 15, In Myanmar 3 bombs
exploded at a water festival in the former capital Yangon, killing 8
people and wounding 94. State TV blamed "destructive elements" for
2010 Apr 17, In northern
Myanmar a series of bombs exploded at a controversial hydropower
project site being jointly built by a Chinese company.
2010 Apr 29, In Myanmar
pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi filed a lawsuit with the
country’s Supreme Court in an attempt to prevent the dissolution of
her party under a controversial new election law.
2010 May 4, Tin Tun Aung,
secretary of the Myanmar Travel Entrepreneurs Association, said
tourist visas, which are normally arranged days in advance at an
embassy abroad, will be now be available at international airports
in Mandalay and the biggest city, Yangon.
2010 May 6, Myanmar leaders of
democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi's opposition party said they would
continue working as a social movement after a new election law
forced its dissolution as a political party at midnight.
2010 May 7, In Myanmar a
faction of Aung San Suu Kyi's opposition declared it will form its
own political party to contest Myanmar's first elections in two
decades, a day after the democracy icon's party disbanded to boycott
the vote it says will be flawed.
2010 Jun 4, Robert Kelley, a
former senior UN nuclear inspector, said secret documents and
hundreds of photos smuggled out of Myanmar by an army defector
indicate its military regime is trying to develop nuclear weapons
and long-range missiles.
2010 Jun 17, Officials and
reports said floods and landslides triggered by incessant monsoon
rains in Bangladesh and Myanmar have killed more than 100 people.
2010 Jun 18, Myanmar state
media reported that days of flooding and landslides caused by
monsoon downpours have killed 57 people in its northwest.
2010 Jul 10, Myanmar state
media reported that a new party formed by renegade members of
detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi's disbanded party has
received a permit to participate in Myanmar's first elections in two
2010 Jul 15, In Myanmar Win
Htein, a former aide to Myanmar's detained opposition leader Aung
San Suu Kyi, was released from prison after 14 years behind bars.
2010 Jul 30, In Myanmar
official talks between North Korea and Myanmar entered a second day.
The US said it is carefully watching the budding secretive
relationship between the 2 countries for signs of nuclear
2010 Aug 14, The EU told
military-run Myanmar that its Nov. 7 elections, the first in two
decades, will not be considered legitimate in the eyes of the world
unless it can ensure the vote is free and fair.
2010 Aug 27, Myanmar's junta
carried out a major military reshuffle Friday that retired more than
a dozen senior leaders, in an apparent move to prepare for November
2010 Sep 30, Lawyers said
courts in military-ruled Myanmar have given long prison sentences to
13 people, including a Buddhist monk, who were accused of planning
bombings and other activities to disrupt upcoming elections.
2010 Oct 5, In Myanmar detained
opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi launched a legal battle against
the ruling military junta, suing to keep her political party intact
after it was disbanded earlier this year under Myanmar's new party
2010 Sep 7, Myanmar’s ruling
junta leader, Gen. Than Shwe, began a 4-day visit to China. This
year alone China had already invested over $8 billion in Myanmar.
(Econ, 9/11/10, p.52)
2010 Oct 18, Myanmar election
officials said foreign journalists will not be allowed to cover its
Nov 7 elections, the first in 20 years.
(SFC, 10/19/10, p.A2)
2010 Oct 21, Military-ruled
Myanmar unveiled a new national flag. The new flag has horizontal
stripes of yellow, green and red with a big white star in the
middle. (These horizontal colors are identical to the Lithuanian
2010 Oct 25, Myanmar state
television reported that at least 27 people were killed and tens of
thousands displaced when Cyclone Giri struck its western coast a
(SFC, 10/26/10, p.A2)
2010 Oct 26, An annual report
by Transparency Int’l. marked Somalia as the most corrupt county in
the world, followed by Afghanistan, Myanmar and Iraq. Denmark, New
Zealand and Singapore tied as the world’s least corrupt nations. The
US declined to 22nd from 19th last year.
(SFC, 10/27/10, p.A2)
2010 Oct 27, Scientists said a
new type of snub-nosed monkey has been found in a remote forested
region of northern Myanmar, which is under threat from logging and a
Chinese dam project.
2010 Nov 2, Myanmar election
authorities canceled voting in Nov 7 elections in 12 more village
tracts in six constituencies in Kayah state, where restive ethnic
minorities are dominant. The commission in September announced the
cancellation of voting in about 300 village tracts in 33 townships
where restive ethnic minorities are dominant. Six armed ethnic
groups in Myanmar forged an agreement to join forces, fearing they
will be attacked by the regime after the elections. The "landmark
deal" was struck in the Thai-Myanmar town of Mae Hong Son and
included organizations from the Karen, Karenni, Chin, Kachin, Mon
and Shan minorities.
(AP, 11/2/10)(AP, 11/4/10)
2010 Nov 7, Myanmar held its
first election in 20 years under tight security, a scripted vote
that assured army-backed parties an easy win. Complex rules for the
election thwarted any chance of a pro-democracy upset as Myanmar
ended half a century of direct army rule. Minority Karen rebels
seized government buildings in clashes with troops in the border
town of Myawaddy. Myanmar's biggest military-backed party won the
country's first election in 20 years by a landslide, after a
carefully choreographed vote denounced by pro-democracy parties as
rigged to preserve authoritarian rule.
(Reuters, 11/7/10)(Reuters, 11/8/10)(Reuters,
2010 Nov 8, In Myanmar fighting
between ethnic rebels and government troops has sent at least 10,000
refugees fleeing into Thailand just after a widely criticized
election expected to usher in a parliament sympathetic to the
military regime. Thai officials said that fighting had died down,
and government troops had regained control of Myawaddy.
2010 Nov 9, About 20,000
refugees from Myanmar headed home after fleeing to Thailand as
fighting followed a general election that is certain to keep
Myanmar's military and its allies in power.
2010 Nov 9, A UN report
suggesting North Korea may have supplied Syria, Iran and Myanmar
with banned nuclear technology headed to the Security Council. The
latest report by the so-called Panel of Experts on Pyongyang's
compliance with UN sanctions was delivered to the Security Council's
North Korea sanctions committee in May, but did not move for nearly
six months due to Chinese objections.
2010 Nov 12, An ally of
pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi said an order for her release
has been signed by Myanmar's ruling generals, as hundreds of
supporters gathered at her political party headquarters and near her
residence in anticipation.
2010 Nov 13, Myanmar's military
government freed its archrival, democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi
(65), after her latest term of detention expired. Several thousand
jubilant supporters streamed to her residence.
2010 Nov 14, In army-ruled
Myanmar pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi called for freedom of
speech, urged thousands of supporters to stand up for their rights,
and indicated she may urge the West to end sanctions.
2010 Nov 16, Myanmar's military
government warned against filing complaints over the Nov. 7
election, a move that could spell trouble for pro-democracy leader
Aung San Suu Kyi who has vowed to probe alleged voting
2010 Nov 19, A UN General
Assembly committee passed resolutions condemning human rights
violations in Iran, North Korea and Myanmar, provoking a furious
reaction from their delegations. The committee passed the resolution
by 80 votes to 44, with 57 abstentions.
2010 Nov 21, A global tiger
summit meeting in St. Petersburg, Russia, approved a wide-ranging
program with the goal of doubling the world's tiger population in
the wild by 2022 backed by governments of the 13 countries that
still have tiger populations: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China,
India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam
and Russia. Experts said wild tigers could become extinct in 12
years if countries where they still roam fail to take quick action
to protect their habitats and step up the fight against poaching.
2010 Nov 26, Myanmar published
laws, signed by junta chief Gen. Than Shwe, stipulating that
parliamentarians will be allowed freedom of expression unless their
speeches endanger national security, the unity of the country or
violate the constitution. They also provide a two-year prison term
for those who stage protests in the parliament compound or
physically assault a lawmaker on its premises.
2010 Dec 14, A report, "High
and Dry," by the Shan Sapawa Environmental Organization and the Shan
Women's Action Network, said local trade and transport on the river
in northern Myanmar near a border trade crossing with China has been
severely affected by unpredictable daily changes in the water level
since the completion in mid-2010 of the 360-foot (110-m) tall
Longjiang Dam about 19 miles (30 kilometers) upstream.
2010 Emma Larkin authored
“Everything Is Broken: A Tale of Catastrophe in Burma."
(Econ, 5/1/10, p.86)
2010 In Myanmar the annual
income per person was about $459.
(Econ, 8/21/10, p.34)
2011 Jan 30, The Myanmar
opposition group led by Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi launched its
first official website: http://www.nldburma.org/.
2011 Jan 31, In Myanmar an
elected parliament convened for the first time in half a century but
inspired scant enthusiasm among a skeptical public convinced it is
just a smokescreen for continued military rule.
2011 Feb 1, Myanmar's first
parliament in more than two decades nominated five vice-presidential
candidates, one of whom will become president and lead the new
2011 Feb 3, Myanmar's new
parliament elected Thein Sein, prime minister in the outgoing
military junta, as one of three vice presidents, making him a likely
contender for president in the new military-dominated government.
2011 Feb 4, Myanmar's newly
elected parliament named Thein Sein (65), a key figure in the
long-ruling military junta, as president, ensuring that the first
civilian government in decades will be dominated by the army that
has brutally suppressed dissent.
2011 Feb 16, Indonesian marine
police said they have up 129 starving men from Myanmar off the coast
of Aceh. The refugees all belonged to the Rohingya minority, who are
not recognized by Myanmar’s military rulers.
(SFC, 2/17/11, p.A2)
2011 Mar 8, Authorities in
Myanmar announced a ban on massage parlors and restrictions on
restaurants and karaoke lounges in the country's remote capital,
Naypyitaw, in a bid to curb disguised prostitution.
2011 Mar 23, In Myanmar
Benedict Rogers, author of "Than Shwe: Unmasking Burma's Tyrant,"
was deported from the country after being identified by secret
2011 Mar 24, In Myanmar a 6.8
earthquake struck the northeast, shaking buildings as far away as
Bangkok. At least 75 people were killed and 111 injured.
(AP, 3/24/11)(Reuters, 3/24/11)(AP, 3/25/11)(AFP,
2011 Mar 26, Myanmar reportedly
earned more than $2.8 billion from the sale of jade, gems and pearls
at its annual gems auction, held this month in the capital,
2011 Mar 30, Myanmar made way
for a nominally civilian government after almost half a century in
power, as the junta was disbanded and a new president talked of a
2011 Apr 4, Myanmar reported
that nearly 700 fishermen were missing after a three-day burst of
unseasonable storms that ripped apart rickety fishing boats in the
Andaman Sea. The March 14-17 storms had whipped up 70 mph (112 kph)
2011 May 17, Myanmar began
releasing 17,000 prisoners, under a clemency program that sparked
outrage from critics as it leaves more than 2,000 political
detainees languishing in jail.
2011 May 18, In Myanmar a bomb
exploded on a passenger train near the capital, killing two people
and injuring nine.
2011 May 27, China bestowed a
pomp-filled welcome on Myanmar's Pres. Thein Sein, conferring
legitimacy on the country's new, nominally civilian government and
ensuring continued Chinese access to its neighbor's natural
2011 Jun 9, In northern Myanmar
fighting began 9 when government troops allegedly shelled a Kachin
base in a bid to force the rebel fighters from a strategic region
where China is constructing major hydropower plants.
2011 Jun 14, Myanmar government
troops battled rebel fighters of the Kachin Independence
Organization in an effort to force them from a strategic region
where China is building major hydropower plants. The fighting has
left 20 people dead and forced 2000 to flee.
(SFC, 6/15/11, p.A2)
2011 Jun 16, In northern
Myanmar more than 10,000 people were reported to have fled fighting
between government troops and the Kachin ethnic minority group's
militia. They were living in temporary camps near the Chinese border
2011 Jun 22, The Myanmar
military-backed government deported Hollywood actress Michelle Yeoh,
who stars as pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi in an upcoming
movie, on the same day as she arrived in Yangon. The Luc Besson
movie about Suu Kyi's life, "The Lady," is due out later this year.
2011 Jun 24, In Myanmar 4 bombs
exploded in three cities, wounding at least two people.
2011 Jun 29, Myanmar's state
media warned pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi that her planned
tour to meet supporters outside Yangon could trigger riots.
2011 Jun, UN Statistics
Division said 70 territories would be holding censuses in 2011. Only
Iraq, Lebanon, Myanmar, Somalia, Uzbekistan and Western Sahara would
fail to hold a count in this ten-year round.
(Econ, 6/4/11, p.71)
2011 Aug 2, In northern Myanmar
Kachin rebels ambushed a car carrying workers from a Chinese-backed
hydroelectric project, killing seven people.
2011 Aug 14, Myanmar opposition
leader Aung San Suu Kyi tested the limits of her freedom by taking
her first political trip into the countryside since being released
from house arrest.
2011 Aug 18, Myanmar's
state-run media said the government has officially invited armed
ethnic groups to join peace talks for the first time.
2011 Aug 19, Myanmar
pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi held her first meeting with
the military-dominated country's new President Thein Sein. It was
her highest contact with the new government since her release from
house arrest last November.
2011 Aug 31, In western Myanmar
7 people, including 2 children, were killed when a World War II bomb
they found in a river exploded in Rakhine state.
2011 Sep 13, Myanmar said it
has released about 20,000 prisoners this year as of the end of July
under an amnesty program.
2011 Sep 16, Myanmar's new
government was reported to have stopped blocking some foreign
websites this week, such as the BBC and YouTube, in a gesture toward
openness tempered by remaining harsh laws that still keep readers of
such sites at risk of arrest.
2011 Sep 26, Myanmar democracy
activists freshly tested the new government's avowed tolerance for
dissent by gathering peacefully at a central landmark in the
country's biggest city in honor of giant protests four years ago.
2011 Sep 30, Myanmar's
President Thein Sein ordered a halt to construction of the Myitsone
dam, a controversial $3.6 billion mega dam, following rare public
opposition over the Chinese-backed hydropower project. Myitsone was
just one of 7 dams planned for the upper Irrawaddy.
(AFP, 9/30/11)(Econ, 10/8/11, p.51)
2011 Oct 5, Thai PM Yingluck
Shinawatra met Myanmar's president during her first visit to the
military-dominated country since she took office in August.
2011 Oct 5, Suspected drug
traffickers hijacked two Chinese cargo ships on the Mekong River in
northern Thailand. The bodies of 13 crew members were found near
Chiang Rai, Thailand on Oct 7,8 and 10. Burmese drug lord Naw Kham
was arrested in Laos in May. In Nov, 2012, he and 3 of his
associates were sentenced to death by a court in Kunming. Thai
police continued to search for 9 Thai soldiers believed to have been
(AP, 10/10/11)(Econ, 11/10/12, p.43)
2011 Oct 11, Myanmar's newly
elected civilian government announced it will release 6,359
prisoners in an amnesty that could help patch up the country's human
rights record and normalize relations with Western nations. Only 200
turned out to be political prisoners.
(AP, 10/11/11)(Econ, 10/15/11, p.52)
2011 Oct 11, Myanmar’s
government signed legislation allowing the establishment of trade
2011 Oct 12, Myanmar released
at least 184 political prisoners, including Zarganar, one of its
most famous comedians, in a tentative sign of change in the
authoritarian state after decades of repression.
2011 Oct 28, Myanmar police
filed charges against seven people who staged a peaceful protest
against alleged unfair confiscation of their land, which comes as
the outside world watches the government's stated commitment to
democratic reforms. Those charged included labor rights lawyer Pho
Phyu, who was with more than 30 farmers who staged a sit-in a day
earlier in front of the government housing department in Yangon.
2011 Oct 31, China, Laos,
Myanmar and Thailand signed a regional security agreement pledging
to share intelligence and to engage in joint patrols along a stretch
of the Mekong between China and the Golden Triangle.
(Econ, 11/19/11, p.45)
2011 Nov 4, Myanmar's President
Thein Sein signed new legislation on political parties seen as
encouraging Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for
Democracy to reregister as a party.
2011 Nov 20, Myanmar ended 2
days of peace talks with 5 ethnic armies on the Thai-Burma border.
More meetings were scheduled in upcoming months.
(SFC, 11/23/11, p.A7)
2011 Nov 24, Myanmar's
Parliament approved a law guaranteeing the right to protest, one of
a series of reforms under the new elected government.
2011 Nov 29, A Myanmar
government delegation held talks in China with representatives of
the Kachin Independence Organization, led by its chairman Zaung
Hara, with which it has had armed clashes since June.
2011 Nov 30, US Secretary of
State Hillary Clinton arrived in Myanmar on the first top-level US
visit for half a century.
2011 Dec 2, Myanmar's Pres.
Thein Sein formally approved a bill allowing citizens to protest
peacefully if they have permission, in one of a series of reformist
moves by the regime. Shan State Army-South rebel group, one of the
main ethnic rebel groups battling Myanmar’s government, was reported
to have signed a preliminary cease-fire.
(AFP, 12/3/11)(AP, 12/2/11)
2011 Dec 13, Myanmar
authorities gave Aung San Suu Kyi's opposition party the green light
to rejoin mainstream politics, paving the way for the Nobel laureate
to run for a seat in the new parliament.
2011 Dec 21, A blast in
Myanmar's commercial hub and former capital Yangon killed one woman
and wounded another.
2011 Thant Myint-U authored
“Where China Meets India: Burma and the New Crossroads of Asia."
(Econ, 8/20/11, p.75)
2011 Myanmar land for opium
poppies increased 17% this year, the 6th consecutive year of annual
increase. Myanmar growers represented about 10% of the world’s
heroin supply, second only to Afghanistan.
(SFC, 11/1/12, p.A5)
2012 Jan 1, In Myanmar gas
prices unexpectedly rose more than 30 percent for the new year and
sparked fears of other goods costing more as well.
2012 Jan 3, Myanmar began
releasing some prisoners, but activists and relatives said a
government clemency fell short of national reconciliation promise.
2012 Jan 5, Myanmar's
government approved the National League for Democracy to run in
upcoming by-elections that will return Aung San Suu Kyi's party to
mainstream politics after two decades.
2012 Jan 12, Myanmar's
government signed a cease-fire agreement with ethnic Karen rebels in
a major step toward ending one of the world's longest-running
insurgencies and meeting a key condition for better ties with the
West. Myanmar also said it will release 651 prisoners starting Jan
13 under a new presidential pardon, with anticipation mounting that
many of those to be freed will be political detainees.
2012 Jan 13, Myanmar freed some
of its most famous political inmates, sparking jubilation outside
prison gates while signaling its readiness to meet Western demands
for lifting economic sanctions. The Thai-based Assistance
Association for Political Prisoners (Burma) said that 272 political
prisoners were released, while more than 1,000 remained locked up.
President Thein Sein ordered the military not to attack any ethnic
minority groups except in self-defense.
(AP, 1/13/12)(AFP, 1/13/12)(AFP, 1/17/12)
2012 Jan 19, Myanmar's
government and ethnic Kachin rebels met for cease-fire talks to end
several months of armed clashes near the northern border with China,
but their preliminary meeting did not make any major breakthroughs.
2012 Jan 30, Myanmar’s Pres.
Thein Sein began a 3-day visit to Singapore. During the visit he
signed agreements on cooperation in areas from tourism to the law.
2012 Feb 1, In Myanmar an
agreement was reached by authorities in Mon State and the rebel New
Mon State Party. They agreed to allow the rebel group to open a
liaison office and freely travel without weapons.
2012 Feb 11, In Myanmar some
5,000 software developers and bloggers gathered in Yangon for
BarCamp, a get-together of geeks founded 7 years ago in Silicon
Valley. The first BarCamp was held in Palo Alto, California, from
August 19–21, 2005, in the offices of Socialtext.
2012 Feb 20, Myanmar
pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi's party said that the
authorities had lifted campaign restrictions ahead of closely
watched by-elections, just hours after it made a complaint.
2012 Feb 22, In Myanmar
thousands came to the diamond-studded Shwedagon Pagoda for the
return of an annual festival that was banned for more than 20 years
by the former military regime. This marked what is being billed as
the 2,600-year anniversary of the temple, which according to legend
houses eight strands of Buddha's hair. A group of 12 monks are to
take turns chanting nonstop until the full moon on March 7, when the
2012 Mar 16, Myanmar signed an
agreement with the International Labor Organization to end forced
labor by 2015. The main problem involved adults and youngsters
pressed into working for the army.
2012 Mar 19, Myanmar released
the senior leader of the ethnic Karen National Union rebel group,
Mahn Nyein Maung, from Yangon's Insein prison under a presidential
pardon. He was arrested last year by Chinese authorities, who
deported him to Myanmar, where he was sentenced last week to 20
years in jail.
2012 Apr 1, Myanmar held
landmark elections. The by-election was called to fill just 45
vacant seats in Myanmar's 664-seat national Parliament. Supporters
of the opposition icon Aung San Suu Kyi erupted in euphoric cheers
after her party said she won a parliamentary seat in a landmark
election. Her National League for Democracy stormed to victory in 43
of the 44 constituencies where it fielded candidates.
(AP, 4/1/12)(AFP, 4/3/12)
2012 Apr 4, ASEAN leaders
called for Western countries, including the European Union, to
immediately lift punitive sanctions imposed on Myanmar now that the
once-pariah nation has embraced democratic reforms.
2012 Apr 4, The Obama
administration lifted a travel ban on some Myanmar senior leaders
and eased investment restriction as the government confirmed the
opposition’s electoral sweep in democratic elections.
(SFC, 4/5/12, p.A2)
2012 Apr 7, Myanmar's Pres.
Thein Sein held his first meeting with Karen rebels, as the
government intensifies efforts to bolster peace with the country's
oldest insurgent group.
2012 Apr 8, Myanmar opposition
leader Aung San Suu Kyi met with Karen ethnic minority rebels in her
first significant foray into politics since her election to public
office a week earlier.
2012 Apr 13, In Myanmar British
PM David Cameron and opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi issued a
joint call for the suspension of sanctions against the former pariah
state after landmark talks. Cameron also met reformist President
Thein Sein as he became the first Western leader in decades to visit
2012 Apr 16, Australia said it
will lift sanctions against Myanmar's president and more than 200
others who are currently under travel and financial bans, after a
series of reforms in the past year.
2012 Apr 19, The European Union
said it will suspend most sanctions against Myanmar for a year while
it assesses the country's progress toward democracy.
2012 Apr 21, Japan said it will
take steps to forgive about 300 billion yen ($3.7 billion) of
Myanmar's debt and resume full-fledged development aid as a way to
support the country's democratic and economic reforms.
2012 Apr 29, Myanmar state
media said a series of attacks in the conflict-hit north have left
at least four officials dead in Kachin state, in rare
acknowledgement of ethnic unrest that has marred the regime's
2012 Apr 30, In Myanmar the
opposition party led by Aung San Suu Kyi agreed to end its weeklong
boycott of parliament and swear an oath to a Constitution that it
(SFC, 5/1/12, p.A3)
2012 May 4, A Myanmar state-run
newspaper said recent battles between government troops and Kachin
ethnic rebels had killed 31 people. The New Light of Myanmar
reported 11 clashes in the last week of April, including what it
said was an attack by rebels of the Kachin Independence Army on a
government border guard base.
2012 May 8, Myanmar opposition
leader Aung San Suu Kyi received her first passport in 24 years
ahead of a planned trip to Norway and Britain.
2012 May 14, President Lee
Myung-Bak arrived in Myanmar on the first visit by a South Korean
leader since a North Korean attempt to assassinate one of his
predecessors in Yangon almost three decades ago. His two-day trip
was aimed at promoting economic ties and encouraging the country's
recent political reforms. Lee Myung-Bak won a promise from Myanmar
to refrain from military cooperation with nuclear-armed North.
(AFP, 5/14/12)(AFP, 5/15/12)
2012 May 17, The US Obama
administration announced that it would ease the ban on investments
(SFC, 5/18/12, p.A3)
2012 May 20, In Myanmar
protests began over chronic power outages in the central city
2012 May 24, In Myanmar
demonstrators protesting electricity outages clashed with police,
and several were arrested in Pyay. The protests in Pyay began on May
21 with a small group of people and have grown to more than 1,000.
2012 May 28, In Myanmar India’s
PM Manmohan Singh with President Thein Sein in Naypyidaw and signed
12 agreements as part of a 3-day visit aimed at boosting trade and
energy links and contesting the influence of regional rival China.
(AFP, 5/28/12)(SFC, 5/28/12, p.A2)
2012 May 28, In Myanmar a
Buddhist woman (27) was raped and murdered. Three Muslim Rohingyas
were detained for the killing, which killing helped set off communal
violence in which more than 50 people died. On June 18 a court
sentenced two men to death. One of the three defendants in the case
had hanged himself while in custody.
2012 May 31, In Thailand Aung
San Suu Kyi used her first foreign trip in 24 years to fight for her
Myanmar countrymen suffering abroad, millions of economic migrants
unable to work at home but vulnerable to exploitation elsewhere.
2012 Jun 1, In Myanmar Tint
Swe, head of the Press Scrutiny and Registration Department (PSRD),
said he will release its iron grip on the country's media, effective
from the end of June, in the latest significant reform for a country
emerging from decades of repression.
2012 Jun 1, In Thailand Suu Kyi
spoke to the World Economic Forum in Bangkok where she urged the
international community to exercise "healthy skepticism" toward
Myanmar's much-touted reform process.
2012 Jun 3, In northwestern
Myanmar 10 Muslims were beaten to death in Rakhine state.
(SFC, 6/4/12, p.A2)
2012 Jun 7, Australia said it
will lift remaining sanctions against Myanmar and more than double
its foreign aid to encourage democratic reforms.
2012 Jun 8, In western Myanmar
7 people were killed in religious clashes, where police opened fire
and the authorities declared a curfew to tackle the escalating
unrest. Rohingya rioted in Maungdaw township killing 10 Buddhists
and torching over 460 Buddhist homes. This was in reaction to a
Buddhist attack on Muslim pilgrims in southern Rakhine sparked by
rumors of a gang rape by Muslim men. In the following months
security forces, according to villagers, beat Rohingya, looted
valuables and raped women.
(AFP, 6/8/12)(AP, 6/9/12)(SFC, 11/28/13, p.A24)
2012 Jun 9, Myanmar police and
army reinforcements were deployed to Rakhine State, which borders
Bangladesh, to quell the violence after villagers' homes were set
2012 Jun 10, Myanmar's Pres.
Thein Sein declared a state of emergency in a western state where
sectarian tensions between Buddhists and Muslims have unleashed
2012 Jun 12, In Myanmar people
fled their burning homes and security forces struggled to contain
communal violence in a western region where state media reported the
death toll had climbed to 21 since June 8. A Myanmar official said
around 25 people have been killed and a further 41 people wounded in
five days of unrest.
(AP, 6/12/12)(AFP, 6/13/12)
2012 Jun 12, Bangladesh turned
away 3 boats carrying 1,000 Rohingya Muslims fleeing violence in
Myanmar, bringing to 1,500 the number of refugees blocked in recent
2012 Jun 13, Bangladesh refused
three more boatloads of Rohingya Muslims fleeing sectarian violence
in Myanmar, despite growing calls for the border to be opened. A UN
rights envoy warned that violence posed a threat to Myanmar’s shift
towards democracy, as the death toll from almost a week of unrest
rose to 28.
(AFP, 6/13/12)(AFP, 6/14/12)
2012 Jun 16, State mouthpiece
the New Light of Myanmar said 50 people have been left dead with 54
injured between May 28 and June 14 in Rakhine state, convulsed by
violence between local Buddhists and Muslim Rohingya.
2012 Jun 16, Myanmar’s Suu Kyi
presented her Nobel Prize acceptance speech in Oslo 31 years after
winning the world's highest diplomatic honor in 1991.
2012 Jul 3, Myanmar's reformist
government granted amnesties for at least 20 political prisoners,
but opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi called for the release of
hundreds more still behind bars.
2012 Jul 7, Myanmar authorities
released all of the student leaders detained in the country's
biggest crackdown on activists since the dissolution of the junta.
At least 20 people were detained ahead of today’s commemoration a
1962 crackdown, sparking calls for their immediate release.
2012 Jul 10, Myanmar state
media said dozens of Thai nationals will face charges after they
were held for illegally crossing the border to run rubber
2012 Jul 11, The US government
formally eased sanctions on Myanmar.
(SFC, 7/12/12, p.A2)
2012 Jul 12, Myanmar's Pres.
Thein Sein told the UN that refugee camps or deportation was the
"solution" for nearly a million Rohingya Muslims in the wake of
communal unrest in the west of the country.
2012 Jul 14, In Myanmar General
Electric became the first American company to invest in the former
pariah state, signing deals to provide medical equipment to a pair
of hospitals in the country's biggest city.
2012 Aug 2, Bangladesh said it
has ordered three international charities to stop providing aid to
Rohingya refugees who cross the border to flee persecution and
violence in Myanmar.
2012 Aug 5, In Myanmar renewed
violence between Buddhists and Muslim Rohingya left 3 people dead,
amid growing international concern about the sectarian unrest. The
fighting in western Rakhine state has killed 80 people from both
sides since June.
2012 Aug 8, Myanmar authorities
warned that it was facing a deepening drug crisis after seizing
narcotics including more than 1.4 million amphetamine pills and 116
kilos of heroin in July.
2012 Aug 20, Myanmar abolished
direct censorship of the media in the most dramatic move yet toward
allowing freedom of expression in the long-repressed nation. But
related laws and practices that may lead to self-censorship raise
doubt about how much will change. With the abolition of the
censorship board publications on "wizards" increased dramatically.
(AP, 8/20/12)(Economist, 4/4/20, p.28)
2012 Aug 24, In Myanmar Kachin
rebels said China has pushed thousands of Kachin refugees from
Yunnan province back across the border into a province wracked by
fighting between government troops and ethnic guerillas.
2012 Aug 25, Myanmar officials
said at least 85,000 people have fled their homes as the worst
monsoon flooding in years submerged hundreds of thousands of acres
of rice fields.
(SSFC, 8/26/12, p.A5)
2012 Sep 6, In Myanmar all nine
judges on the presidentially appointed Constitution Tribunal
abruptly resigned after the lower house of parliament voted to
impeach them in a standoff within the nascent government.
2012 Sep 17, The government of
Myanmar said it was releasing 514 prisoners.
(SFC, 9/18/12, p.A2)
2012 Sep 19, The US Congress
presented Aung San Suu Kyi of Myanmar the Congressional Medal of
Honor, which she was awarded in 2008 while still under house arrest
for her peaceful struggle against military rule.
(SFC, 9/20/12, p.A6)
2012 Oct 21, Myanmar's
reformist Pres. Thein Sein held his first press conference for local
press, a milestone after years of secrecy and censorship by the
former military regime. In western Myanmar fresh clashes between
Muslims and Buddhists broke out, leaving at least three people dead
and hundreds of homes burned to the ground in Rakhine state’s Min
(AP, 10/21/12)(AP, 10/23/12)(SFC, 10/24/12, p.A2)
2012 Oct 24, In Myanmar 3 days
of clashes in Mrauk-u, a tourist center in Rakhine state, turned the
area into a war zone. Officials said at least 80 people have been
killed and some 4,600 homes destroyed in the latest outbreak of
ethnic violence in four Rakhine state townships. This latest
violence between the Buddhist Rakhine and Muslim Rohingya
communities broke out on Oct 21.
(Econ, 11/3/12, p.44)(AP, 10/26/12)
2012 Oct 28, Victims of
Myanmar's latest explosion of Muslim-Buddhist violence fled to
already packed displacement camps along the country's western coast,
with a top UN official saying the unrest has forced more than 22,000
people from their homes.
2012 Oct 29, Myanmar's
government said it has boosted security in a western state hit by
ethnic and sectarian unrest as the number of displaced rose to
28,000 people, mostly Muslims.
2012 Nov 7, Myanmar opposition
leader Aung San Suu Kyi and lawmakers from ethnic minority parties
urged the government to explain its policies on handling the ethnic
conflict in Rakhine state.
(SFC, 11/8/12, p.A6)
2012 Nov 7, A boat capsized off
the coast of Bangladesh. Fishermen helped rescue 23 people, but
about 50 illegal migrants, mostly Rohingya Muslims, remained
(SFC, 11/8/12, p.A3)
2012 Nov 8, Myanmar's
government launched a major operation aimed at verifying the
citizenship of Muslims in western Rakhine state, the coastal
territory that has been torn apart by Buddhist-Muslim violence since
2012 Nov 9, In Myanmar a tanker
train exploded some 500 miles north of Rangoon killing 25 people and
injuring over 90 others. Dozens had rushed to skim fuel from
overturned carriages before the blast.
(SSFC, 11/11/12, p.A9)
2012 Nov 11, Northern Myanmar
was struck by a magnitude-6.8 earthquake, collapsing a bridge and a
gold mine, damaging several old Buddhist pagodas and leaving as many
as 12 people feared dead.
2012 Nov 15, Myanmar's
reformist government ordered more 452 prisoners freed in an amnesty
apparently intended as a goodwill gesture ahead of a historic visit
by President Barack Obama next week.
(AP, 11/15/12)(SFC, 11/16/12, p.A3)
2012 Nov 18, Myanmar State
television said that President Thein Sein had ordered 66 detainees
released, but it was not clear whether any political prisoners would
be among them. This was ahead of a historic visit to the country by
President Barack Obama on Nov 19.
2012 Nov 19, President Barack
Obama made a 6-hour stop in Myanmar. In a notable detour from US
policy, the president referred to Burma as Myanmar in his talks with
President Thein Sein. Obama then became the first US president to
set foot in Cambodia, a country once known for its Khmer Rouge
2012 Nov 29, Myanmar security
forces used water cannons, tear gas and smoke bombs to clear
protesters from a copper mine in the northwest, wounding villagers
and Buddhist monks in by far the biggest use of force against
demonstrators since the reformist government of President Thein Sein
took power last year. Protesters who opposed the mine's
environmental and social impact had occupied the area for 11 days.
2012 Nov 30, Myanmar’s
government appointed opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi to lead a
30-member commission to investigate the recent violent dispersal of
peaceful protesters at a copper mine. Suu Kyi said authorities must
apologize for a violent crackdown on monks and other foes of a mine
in the northwest. She also stuck to the government's view that the
country must follow through on its commitment to build the project.
(AP, 11/30/12)(SSFC, 12/2/12, p.A5)
2012 Dec 1, Myanmar’s
government appointed opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi to lead a
30-member commission to investigate the recent violent dispersal of
peaceful protesters at a copper mine.
(SSFC, 12/2/12, p.A5)
2012 Dec 25, In Myanmar an Air
Bagan flight packed with Christmas tourists crash-landed on a road
in central Shan state, killing 2 people and injuring 11, including 4
(AP, 12/25/12)(AP, 12/26/12)
2012 Dec 26, Myanmar Pres.
Thein Sein publicly criticized his government for rampant
corruption, bribery and inefficiency.
(SFC, 12/27/12, p.A2)
2012 Aung San Suu Kyi was
awarded became the 2nd person to receive the Elie Wiesel human
rights award for her taking on the military dictatorship of Myanmar.
In 2018 The US Holocaust Memorial Museum revoked the award, faulting
her for failing to halt or even acknowledge the violence against the
country’s Rohingya Muslim minority.
(http://tinyurl.com/y7hlgd3a)(SFC, 3/8/18, p.A2)
2012 In Myanmar the municipal
government of Yangon imposed a 50-year moratorium on the demolition
of buildings more than 50 years old.
(Econ., 12/19/20, p.54)
2012 The population of Myanmar
numbered about 60 million. Transparency Int’l. ranked the country
180th out of 183 for ease of doing business.
(Econ, 3/3/12, p.78)
2013 Jan 1, Myanmar rang in
2013 with its first public New Year's Eve countdown and a grand
fireworks display, a celebration unprecedented in the former
2013 Jan 2, Myanmar's military
acknowledged launching airstrikes against ethnic Kachin rebels in
the north and said it captured a hilltop post on Dec 29 from where
the insurgents had attacked government supply convoys.
2013 Jan 19, Ethnic Kachin
rebels in Myanmar said clashes in the country's north continued
despite a government promise to cease fire, casting doubt over hopes
that the bloody conflict there could end soon.
2013 Jan 26, Myanmar government
forces, after several days of fighting, took a hilltop stronghold of
the Kachin rebels 5km from Laiza, the administrative headquarters of
the Kachin Independence Army (KIA).
(Econ, 2/2/13, p.30)
2013 Jan 29, Myanmar’s
state-run Myanma Ahlin newspaper reported that Order No 2/88, a ban
on public gatherings of more than five people that was ordered in
1988, was abolished.
2013 Feb 3, In Myanmar
Rangoon’s first int’l. literary festival ended after drawing
together some 80 Burmese authors.
(SFC, 2/6/13, p.A2)
2013 Mar 9, In Myanmar the
opposition National League for Democracy, founded in 1988, began its
first ever national congress.
(Econ, 3/16/13, p.41)
2013 Mar 10, In Myanmar Aung
San Suu Kyi was selected to continue as head of the main opposition
party, keeping her leadership post even as the party undergoes a
makeover to adjust to the country's new democratic framework.
2013 Mar 12, In Myanmar
opponents of a nearly $1 billion copper mine in the northwest
expressed outrage over a government-ordered report that said the
project should continue and that refrained from demanding punishment
for police involved in a violent crackdown on protesters.
2013 Mar 18, In Australia
visiting Myanmar President Thein Sein welcomed closer ties with
Australia as he asked for continued support through his country's
transition to "peace, democracy and prosperity," a mission that he
said "has no parallel in modern times."
2013 Mar 20, Myanmar's
parliament agreed to set up a commission to review the pro-military
2008 constitution, a process that could eventually change the
political landscape and allow opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi to
contest the presidency.
2013 Mar 20, In Myanmar unrest
between local Buddhist and Muslim residents erupted in Meikhtila.
The troubles began after an argument broke out between a Muslim gold
shop owner and his Buddhist customers. Over 30 people were killed
and some 70 others injured.
(AP, 3/22/13)(Econ, 3/30/13, p.39)
2013 Mar 22, Myanmar's
president declared a state of emergency in the central city of
Meikhtila shaken by sectarian bloodshed that killed 44 people.
Thousands of minority Muslims fled and overwhelmed riot police
crisscrossed the still-burning town seizing machetes and hammers
from enraged Buddhist mobs.
(AP, 3/22/13)(SSFC, 7/21/13, p.A2)
2013 Mar 25, Myanmar's
government warned that religious violence could threaten democratic
reforms after anti-Muslim mobs rampaged through three more towns in
the country's predominantly Buddhist heartland.
2013 Apr 1, In Myanmar 4
privately run daily newspapers hit newsstands for the first time in
2013 Apr 2, In Myanmar a
pre-dawn fire swept a religious dormitory, killing 13 children in
2013 Apr 5, In Indonesia’s in
North Sumatra province Buddhist fishermen and Rohingya Muslim asylum
seekers from Myanmar brawled with knives and rocks at an immigration
detention center, leaving eight dead and another 15 injured.
2013 Apr 23, Myanmar's
president pardoned 93 prisoners, including at least 59 political
detainees, a day after the EU lifted sanctions against it.
2013 Apr 30, In Myanmar
hundreds of Buddhists armed with bricks stormed a clutch of Muslim
villages in the closest explosion of sectarian violence yet to hit
the Yangon region. At least one person died and nine left injured.
Police detained 18 attackers who destroyed 157 homes and shops and
at least two mosques in the town of Okkan, 50 miles (80 km) north of
Yangon, and three outlying villages.
2013 May 3, In Indonesia up to
2,000 police were deployed to secure the Myanmar Embassy and its
ambassador's house before a demonstration by the Islamic Defenders
Front. Several hundred protesters showed up dressed in white with
some holding banners that read: "We want jihad" and "Stop genocide
2013 May 14, The UN said an
overcrowded boat capsized while trying to escape a cyclone bearing
down on Myanmar, tossing dozens of Rohingya Muslims into the sea. 8
bodies were found and more than 50 people were missing and feared
2013 May 20, Former general
Thein Sein became the first Myanmar president to be welcomed to the
White House in almost 47 years.
2013 May 21, A Myanmar court
sentenced 7 Muslims to prison, one of them to a life term, in the
killing of a Buddhist monk. Deadly sectarian violence has been
overwhelmingly directed against minority Muslims but has not led to
any criminal trials against members of the country's Buddhist
2013 May 25, Authorities in
Myanmar's western Rakhine state said they have imposed a two-child
limit for Muslim Rohingya families, a policy that does not apply to
Buddhists in the area and comes amid accusations of ethnic cleansing
in the aftermath of sectarian violence. The measure was enacted a
week ago after the commission recommended family planning programs
to stem population growth among Muslims.
2013 May 26, Myanmar’s Pres.
Thein Sein welcomed Japan’s PM Shinzo Abe to Naypyidaw. Abe became
the first Japanese PM to visit Myanmar since 1977. He cancelled $1.8
billion of debt and promised another $500 million in aid loans.
(Econ, 6/1/13, p.44)
2013 May 28, In northeastern
Myanmar unrest began after Ne Win (48), a Muslim man, splashed
gasoline on a Buddhist woman and set her alight. On June 11 a court
sentenced Ne Win to 26 years in prison after he was convicted of
attempted murder, causing serious injury and possession and use of
(AP, 5/29/13)(AP, 6/12/13)
2013 May 29, In northeastern
Myanmar overnight violence between Buddhists and Muslims left one
person dead and four injured.
2013 May, In Myanmar Famoso
Clothing, a Japanese owned operation set up in Yangon in 2002, paid
its workers about $100 per month to make men’s suits. It was in the
process of closing its last Chinese factory where wages had become
four times as high.
(Econ, 5/25/13, SR p.8)
2013 Jun 4, In Myanmar at least
3 women from the Rohingya minority were shot dead in a clash with
security officials over new housing arrangements.
2013 Jul 6, In Myanmar Lo Hsing
Han (~80), heroin king and business tycoon, died. He was the founder
of Asia World, a preeminent builder of the country’s infrastructure.
(Econ, 7/27/13, p.78)(SSFC, 6/7/15, p.A17)
2013 Jun 30, Malaysia urged
Myanmar to take stronger action to prevent persecution of Muslims
and bring the perpetrators to justice, the latest sign that the
inter communal violence is straining ties in Southeast Asia.
2013 Jun, Norway’s Telenor and
Qatar’s Ooredoo won an auction for mobile licenses in Myanmar. They
will compete with each other and a loca lstate-owned outfit.
(Econ, 9/28/13, p.68)
2013 Jul 10, A Myanmar court
sentenced seven Buddhists to between three and 15 years in jail for
their roles in the March 20-21 massacre at an Islamic boarding
school that left dozens of students and teachers dead, while a
Muslim convicted in one related killing received a life sentence.
2013 Jul 11, In Myanmar 25
Buddhists were sentenced over the last two days to as many as 15
years in prison for murder and other crimes during a night of
rioting, burning and killing in central Myanmar, following weeks in
which it seemed only Muslims were being punished for sectarian
violence aimed primarily at members of their own religion.
2013 Jul 12, Myanmar's
president disbanded a security force accused of rights violations
against Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine State in the west of the
country, scene of deadly violence between Muslims and majority
Buddhists in the past year. His one-line statement was dated July
12, but posted on his website on July 14.
2013 Jul 20, Myanmar’s Pres.
Thein Sein lifted a state of emergency, declared last March 22, in
the central part of the country.
(SSFC, 7/21/13, p.A2)
2013 Jul 23, Myanmar said it is
releasing another 73 political prisoners and more could be freed in
coming months to honor a commitment made by the president during a
recent trip to Europe.
2013 Jul 24, Afghanistan's
first woman governor and a Myanmar civil society organizer were
among five winners of Asia's equivalent of the Nobel Prize this
year. The Philippines-based Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation singled
out Afghanistan's Habiba Sarabi, a 57-year-old doctor, for her "bold
exercise of leadership to build up a functioning provincial
government against great odds." The Foundation also recognized
Lahpai Seng Raw from Myanmar, for her "quietly inspiring and
inclusive leadership in the midst of deep ethnic divides and
prolonged armed conflicts."
2013 Jul 29, China National
Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) said it has switched on a pipeline
bringing natural gas from Myanmar. The project has raised concerns
in Myanmar's nascent civil society about whether its giant
neighbor's resource grabs will benefit local people.
2013 Aug 7, The United States
updated sanctions on Myanmar to maintain a ban on importing rubies
and jade amid a relaxation of curbs on US trade with the Southeast
2013 Aug 9, In Myanmar a
dispute over custody of a dead Rohingya quickly escalated into a day
of clashes in which police raked Rohingya crowds with gunfire in
Ohntawgyi village outside Sittwe, Rakhine state.
2013 Aug 20, In southern
Thailand 87 Muslim Rohingya asylum-seekers escaped from an
immigration detention center, highlighting the growing desperation
of a stateless minority fleeing sectarian violence in Myanmar.
2013 Aug 24, In northwestern
Myanmar hundreds of Buddhists carrying sticks and swords went on a
rampage in a village, torching dozens of homes and shops following
rumors that a young woman had been sexually assaulted by a Muslim
2013 Sep 2, Myanmar’s state
Sangha Maha Nayaka Committee of monks, responsible for regulating
the Buddhist clergy, prohibited the creation of formal organizations
based around the 969 movement, led by Wirathu. The numerals 969,
which refer to the attributes of the Buddha, his teachings and the
monkhood, have come to symbolize a movement aimed at isolating
Muslims, who make up 5% of Myanmar's 60 million people.
(Reuters, 9/11/13)(Econ, 11/2/13, p.46)
2013 Oct 1, Myanmar security
forces raced to contain deadly violence in Rakhine state, after mobs
torched Muslim homes and Buddhist villagers were attacked in a third
day of unrest in a region plagued by intractable sectarian tensions.
At least 7 people were killed, 5 of them Muslims. Mobs burned down
at least 100 homes and shops in Thandwe city.
(Reuters, 10/1/13)(SFC, 10/2/13, p.A2)(Econ,
2013 Oct 8, Myanmar’s Pres.
Thein Sein pardoned 56 political prisoner, after the country vowed
to release all prisoners of conscience by the end of the year.
(AFP, 10/8/13)(SFC, 10/9/12, p.A2)
2013 Oct 10, Myanmar took a
long-coveted role as chairman of ASEAN, the regional grouping of
2013 Oct, In Myanmar a blast at
the Trader's Hotel, later known as the Sule Shangri-La, in the heart
of Yangon, ripped apart a guest's room and wounded an American woman
(43). On July 3, 2015, a court convicted Saw Myint Lwin (26) on
three charges related to the bombing and sentenced him to life
imprisonment and hard labor. Two others were acquitted and the
alleged mastermind, said to be a member of the Karen National Union
ethnic rebel group, remained at large.
2013 Nov 3, A boat carrying at
least 70 Muslim Rohingya capsized and sank off the western coast of
Myanmar. Only eight survivors were found.
2013 Nov 15, Myanmar released
69 political prisoners in an amnesty the government described as an
act of "loving kindness" in line with President Thein Sein's promise
to free all prisoners of conscience by year-end.
2013 Nov 21, Myanmar rejected a
UN resolution urging it to grant citizenship to the Rohingya, a
stateless Muslim minority group, and accused the United Nations of
impinging on its sovereignty.
2013 Dec 5, Myanmar’s Rangoon
Univ. reopened to undergraduates. It had been closed since 1988
following failed student uprisings.
(SFC, 12/5/13, p.A6)
2013 Dec 6, The UN called for
an urgent investigation into allegations in a Reuters report that
Thai immigration officials moved Myanmar refugees into human
2013 Dec 11, Myanmar freed 41
political detainees, bringing the country close to fulfilling a
pledge by President Thein Sein to release all prisoners of
conscience by the end of the year.
2013 Dec 30, Myanmar's
reformist President Thein Sein granted a pardon to people convicted
of or charged with a variety of political offenses. It wasn't
immediately clear how many people are covered by the pardon.
2013 Dec 31, Myanmar freed five
prisoners and more were expected to be released next week as part of
a pledge by the country's president to free all political prisoners
by the end of 2013.
2014 Jan 2, Myanmar's Pres.
Thein Sein gave his backing for amending a military drafted
constitution and indicated support for changes that would make Nobel
Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi eligible to lead the country.
2014 Jan 7, In Myanmar dozens
of journalists staged a rare demonstration in Yangon to protest a
jail term given to a reporter who was working on a story about
2014 Jan 14, In Myanmar a
Buddhist mob reportedly killed at least 48 Muslims, including many
women and children, in Du Char Yar Tan, Rakhine state. Security
forces had surrounded Du Char Yar Tan after Rohingya Muslim
residents allegedly abducted and killed a police sergeant.
(AP, 1/16/14)(AP, 1/23/14)(AP, 1/24/14)
2014 Jan 27, The World Bank
warned Myanmar against corruption as it unveiled a $2-billion aid
package designed to provide better health care and improve supplies
2014 Feb 6, Myanmar media
reported that the government has arrested 4 journalists of a private
weekly following the publication of a story about the construction
of a defense factory in Pauk. The Unity journal quoted villagers as
saying the factory was for the production of chemical weapons.
(SFC, 2/7/14, p.A2)
2014 Feb 21, A Myanmar state
minister said a jade boulder weighing up to 50 tons was discovered
by miners just over a week ago in the northern region of Hpakant.
(SFC, 2/22/14, p.A2)
2014 Feb 25, An independent
human rights group presented evidence directly implicating the
Myanmar government in abusive and discriminatory policies targeting
members of the Rohingya Muslim minority.
2014 Feb 28, Doctors Without
Borders said it has been expelled from Myanmar and that tens of
thousands of lives are at risk. The decision came after the
humanitarian group reported it treated nearly two dozen Rohingya
Muslim victims of communal violence in Rakhine state, which the
government has denied.
2014 Mar 16, In Myanmar Rakhine
mobs, egged on by Wirathu, a Buddhist-chauvinist monk, protested
against a census that would allow Rohingyas to be able to define
(Econ, 3/22/14, p.44)
2014 Mar 23, In Myanmar dozens
of protesters began a 2,400-km (1,500-mile) march to northern
Myanmar, calling for the cancellation of a Chinese-backed
hydroelectric dam project over environmental concerns.
2014 Mar 25, Myanmar said it
will ban the export of logs starting April 1 to reduce deforestation
and boost its wood-based industry by exporting only value-added
products. Myanmar's forest cover shrank from 57.9 percent of its
total land area in 1990 to 47.6 percent in 2005.
2014 Mar 25, Thai police seized
147 kg (323 pounds) of heroin they believe was from Myanmar and
destined for Australia. The single haul exceeded some of Thailand's
recent yearly seizure totals.
2014 Mar 26, Myanmar’s Energy
Ministry said major oil companies including Total, Chevron, Woodside
Energy and Shell have won bids for offshore oil and gas exploration
blocks off its western and southern coasts.
2014 Mar 27, In Myanmar
Buddhist-led mobs tore through streets hurling stones at the offices
and residences of international aid workers in western Rakhine
state, prompting the evacuation of almost all non-essential staff.
One girl (11) was killed when police fired into the air to disperse
(AP, 3/27/14)(SFC, 3/29/14, p.A5)
2014 Mar 29, Myanmar said that
Muslims would not be allowed to register as "Rohingya" in its first
census since 1983 despite UN assurances, on the eve of a survey that
has fanned sectarian tensions.
2014 Mar 30, Myanmar began its
first census since 1983. Those who identified themselves as Rohingya
were not counted.
2014 Apr 1, In northern Myanmar
illegal Chinese logging and demand for monkey bones threatened the
rare snub-nosed monkey according to British-based Fauna & Flora
International. The International Union for Conservation of Nature
(IUCN) estimated that only 260 to 330 survive in the wild.
2014 Apr 12, In Myanmar a
passenger bus collided with a car and burst into flames along a
highway, killing 12 passengers and injuring five others.
2014 Apr 20, Myanmar reported
that fighting between government troops and ethnic Kachin rebels has
left 22 people dead this month.
(SFC, 4/21/14, p.A2)
2014 Apr 21, In Myanmar Win Tin
(84), one of the founders of Myanmar's pro-democracy opposition and
its longest-serving political prisoner (1989-2008), died. He strove
for decades to bring freedom to a nation under military
2014 Apr, Myanmar banned
foreign sales of logs.
(Econ, 9/19/15, p.38)
2014 Apr, In Myanmar Zaw Pe, a
video reporter for the independent Democratic Voice of Burma media
group, and Win Myint Hlaing were convicted of trespassing and
obstructing a civil servant after filming inside an education
department office while investigating the selection process for a
Japanese scholarship program in 2012. Both were freed on July 4
after an appeals court reduced their sentences from one year to
2014 Apr, It was reported that
Myanmar’s Shan state produced over one billion pills of yaba, a form
of methamphetamine, a year.
(Econ, 4/12/14, p.29)
2014 May 5, A magnitude 6.3
earthquake hit Myanmar and northern Thailand leaving at least one
(SFC, 5/6/14, p.A2)
2014 May 10, In Myanmar
Southeast Asian foreign ministers voiced "serious concerns" over
naval clashes between Vietnam and China as the ASEAN’s top official
urged Beijing to step up efforts to advance talks on maritime
2014 May 11, Myanmar hosted the
Southeast Asian summit (ASEAN) as Vietnam and the Philippines
pushed for stronger action to confront China's aggressive behavior
in the South China Sea.
2014 May 19, In Myanmar
community activists freed two contractors working for a Chinese
company operating a copper mine in Monywa that is the subject of a
long-running land dispute. The two Chinese were abducted a day
earlier by a group calling itself the "Student Network of Mandalay."
2014 May 22, The United Nations
children's agency defended a decision to pay nearly $90,000 a month
for its new office in Myanmar — a three-story house owned by the
family of Maj. Gen. Nyunt Tin, who was slapped with US sanctions
during the country's dictatorship.
2014 Jun 9, A rights group said
Myanmar security forces "systematically" torture civilians in
conflict-racked Kachin state on the third anniversary of renewed
fighting between government forces ethnic minority insurgents in the
2014 Jun 25, Myanmar's state
media reported that parliament has reduced the prison terms for
violating a law that regulates public protests. The amended law also
appears to allow protests as long as permission is sought.
2014 Jun 28, Chinese President
Xi Jinping feted neighbors India and Myanmar, dusting off the 60th
anniversary of a now rather obscure agreement signed in the early
days of the Cold War to pledge a rising China's commitment to peace.
2014 Jul 1, In Myanmar violence
began late today in Mandalay when a group of about 300 Buddhists
converged on a tea shop owned by a Muslim man accused of raping a
Buddhist woman. On March 18, 2015, a court in Pyinmama town
sentenced five people for spreading rumors and creating panic.
(AP, 7/4/14)(AP, 3/22/15)
2014 Jul 2, Myanmar police
fired rubber bullets to disperse crowds of Buddhists and Muslims
facing off in the second-largest city of Mandalay, in the latest
outbreak of trouble in two years of sectarian unrest. A Buddhist man
was stabbed to death.
(Reuters, 7/2/14)(AP, 7/4/14)
2014 Jul 3, In Myanmar Buddhist
mobs on motorbikes drove through Mandalay in a second night of
attacks on minority Muslims. In response authorities imposed a 9
p.m. to 5 a.m. curfew. A Muslim man was killed, beaten to death
early today on his way to morning prayers.
(AP, 7/3/14)(Reuters, 7/4/14)
2014 Jul 4, Myanmar police
cordoned off Mandalay's Muslim neighborhood as hundreds of Buddhists
wielding knives, swords and bamboo poles roamed the city.
2014 Jul 10, In Myanmar four
reporters and the chief executive of the magazine they work for were
sentenced to 10 years of hard prison labor for violating the
country’s national security by writing and publishing stories about
a weapons factory.
2014 Jul 17, In Myanmar more
than 700 workers protested in front of the South Korean Embassy to
demand officials help them after a Korean-owned factory closed
without paying their wages.
2014 Aug 8, In Myanmar the
ASEAN regional summit opened for talks among ministers from 10
Southeast Asian countries. It will expand over the weekend to
comprise 27 countries who are members of the so-called ASEAN
2014 Aug 9, Japan and South
Korea vowed to "deepen communication" in the future during a rare
meeting in Myanmar ahead of the ASEAN Regional Forum.
2014 Aug 28, The US Embassy in
Myanmar said that two 150 megawatt solar energy plants in the
Mandalay region could account for 10 percent to 12 percent of
Myanmar's power generation when completed in 2016 after ACO
Investment Group and Myanmar’s Ministry of Energy inked a $480
million deal to build two solar energy plants.
2014 Aug 29, A South
Korea-based pageant said that a Myanmar beauty queen, who was
stripped of her title for allegedly being rude and dishonest, has
run off with the $100,000 jeweled crown. On Sep 2 May Myat Noe (16)
said she won't return her bejeweled crown until pageant organizers
apologize for calling her a liar and a thief.
(AP, 8/29/14)(AP, 9/2/14)
2014 Aug, Myanmar’s census,
conducted from March 30 to April 10, revealed that the population
numbered about 51.4 million, some 9m fewer than than the 60m thought
by the government.
2014 Sep 15, In Thailand
British tourists Hannah Witheridge (23), and David Miller (24) were
found battered to death on a beach on Koh Tao, a small island in the
Gulf of Thailand. An autopsy indicated that Witheridge had been
raped. On Oct 2 police said two workers from Myanmar have confessed
to the murders. On Oct 21 Win Zaw Htun and Zaw Lin, both 21, sent a
retraction letter to prosecutors handling their case claiming they
were tortured and forced to confess under police custody.
(AP, 9/15/14)(AP, 10/2/14)(AP, 10/22/14)
2014 Sep 22, Myanmar gave
citizenship to 209 Muslims displaced by sectarian violence, after
the first phase of a project aimed at determining the status of
about a million Rohingya whose claims to nationality have been
rejected in the past.
2014 Sep 30, In Sri Lanka Ashin
Wirathu, a Myanmar Buddhist monk, and a Sri Lankan ultranationalist
both known for campaigning against Muslims formally signed an
agreement to work together to protect Buddhism, which they say is
2014 Oct 1, Myanmar awarded
licenses to the first foreign banks allowed to operate in the
country in a half-century. It granted nine of them preliminary
licenses. The military junta had nationalized the banks in 1963.
(AP, 10/1/14)(Econ, 10/25/14, p.76)
2014 Oct 4, Myanmar's army shot
dead a journalist who was detained while covering clashes between
the army and ethnic rebels at the rugged border, saying he reached
for a soldier's gun during an attempted escape. Freelance journalist
Par Gyi was detained by the army on Sept. 30 after photographing
clashes between the military and the rebel Democratic Karen
Benevolent Army (DKBA). On Nov 5 authorities exhumed his body. A
rights activist said the body bore what he thought were marks of
(AP, 10/24/14)(Reuters, 11/5/14)
2014 Oct 7, The Myanmar
government pardoned 3,073 prisoners, but advocacy groups said no
political prisoners were included despite a pledge by the president
to free all such detainees by the end of this year.
2014 Oct 11, Thai authorities
arrested 53 Rohingya migrants and two suspected Thai traffickers en
route to neighbouring Malaysia. Myanmar views its population of
roughly 800,000 Rohingya -- described by the UN as one of the most
persecuted minorities in the world -- as illegal Bangladeshi
immigrants, and denies them citizenship.
2014 Oct 17, A Myanmar court
sentenced the ex-religious affairs minister to 13 years in prison
for embezzling state funds and sedition. Hsan Sint was removed from
office in June following allegations he misused $10,000 to build a
pagoda near Naypyitaw.
2014 Oct 25, It was reported
that the number of Rohingya Muslims from western Myanma, who have
fled by boat since communal violence broke out two years ago, is now
topping 100,000 with an average of 900 people per day piling into
cargo ships parked off Rakhine state.
2014 Oct 31, The US Treasury
blacklisted Aung Thaun, a hard-line lawmaker of Myanmar's ruling
party, accusing him of undermining political and economic reforms.
2014 Nov 6, An independent
investigation by the Harvard Law School reported that troops
commanded by Myanmar's powerful interior minister and two other
senior officials tortured and killed civilians while fighting an
ethnic rebellion in Karen state from 2005-2008.
2014 Nov 10, Thailand police
said 259 migrants will be put back on boats and sent back to
Myanmar. The Rohingya migrants were found at sea on Nov 8 and were
arrested for illegal entry.
2014 Nov 13, Speaking in
Myanmar China's PM Li Keqiang proposed a friendship treaty with
Southeast Asian countries (ASEAN) and offered $20 billion in loans
but held firm on the line that Beijing will only settle South China
Sea disputes directly with other claimants.
2014 Nov 13, US President
Barack Obama met with democracy heroine Aung San Suu Kyi and other
Myanmar lawmakers as he sought to turn around the Southeast Asian
nation's "backsliding" on much celebrated political reforms.
2014 Nov 13, US Pres. Barack
Obama, in Myanmar for the East Asian summit, held his first formal
meeting with Vietnamese PM Nguyen Tan Dong.
2014 Nov 19, Myanmar's army
launched a new offensive against ethnic Kachin rebels in the steep
hills around their headquarters on the Chinese border, killing over
20 people in a mortar attack and skirmishes that lasted the whole
2014 Nov 21, The UN General
Assembly's human rights committee approved a resolution urging
Myanmar to allow its persecuted Rohingya Muslim minority access to
full citizenship on an equal basis.
2014 Dec 10, In northern
Myanmar Kokang rebels attacked an army outpost, killing 7 government
troops and wounding 20 others.
2014 Dec 11, Malaysia police
said they have arrested 20 people in a widening investigation into
the murder of at least 18 Myanmar nationals in the state of Penang
since January. Police said twelve Myanmar migrants have confessed to
their role in nine of the murders.
2014 Dec 17, In Myanmar a
prominent former official with the main opposition party was
detained and faced charges of insulting religion, which stemmed from
a speech intended to discourage extremist interpretations of
2014 Dec 20, State media
reported that China has offered more than $3 billion in loans and
aid to neighbors Cambodia, Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand and Laos to
improve infrastructure and production, and to fight poverty.
2014 Dec 22, In northwestern
Myanmar a woman was fatally shot during a crackdown on protesters at
a controversial Chinese-backed copper mine.
2015 Jan 6, Myanmar’s defense
ministry said its army has arrested more than 100 foreigners and 20
Myanmar nationals for illegal logging near the Chinese border.
2015 Jan 11, In Myanmar North
Korean Ambassador Kim Sok Chol met with Myint Swe, the chief
minister of the Rangoon division. Myanmar police soon began seizing
pirated copies of the film "The Interview", a comedy about a
fictional plot to assassinate North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, with
media saying the move followed pressure from the North Korean
embassy in Yangon.
2015 Jan 16, In Myanmar
hundreds of protesters led by Buddhist monks rallied to denounce a
visit by a human rights envoy of the UN, which has urged the
government to grant citizenship to persecuted Rohingya Muslims.
2015 Jan 20, In Myanmar a
Chinese embassy spokesman in Yangon said more than 100 Chinese
citizens trapped by fighting between government troops and
insurgents in the north, have been arrested and are being held by
the Myanmar government.
2015 Jan 21, Doctors Without
Borders announced that it has returned to Myanmar's troubled state
of Rakhine nine months after it was ordered out by the government
for hiring members of the long-persecuted Rohingya Muslim minority.
2015 Jan 28, Myanmar opened
trial operations of a deep sea port off its western coast, part of a
$2.45 billion port and pipeline project that will carry crude oil
from the Middle East to China.
2015 Feb 5, Myanmar's
government accused students who are protesting against state
educational policies of being manipulated by groups seeking to
destabilize the country.
2015 Feb 9, Myanmar troops
fought Kokang ethnic rebels in clashes near the Chinese border that
the government says the guerrillas provoked. Warlord Phone
Kyar Shin, aka Peng Jiasheng, launched attacks on the government
army around Laukkai.
(AP, 2/10/15)(Econ., 3/14/15, p.40)
2015 Feb 11, Myanmar's
government reached an agreement with student protesters who have
been marching to Yangon to seek education reforms, but the deal
announced by the two sides still needs parliamentary approval.
2015 Feb 11, Myanmar's
president declared that a system of temporary identification cards
for people seeking citizenship will become invalid at the end of
March, negating an earlier decision that would have allowed card
holders to vote in an upcoming constitutional referendum. The
temporary identification cards, popularly called "white cards," were
created by the former military regime for the 2010 elections in
which it relinquished power to a nominally civilian government.
2015 Feb 13, Myanmar state
media said heavy fighting between the army and rebels has killed 47
soldiers, sending a flood of people across the border with China and
overshadowing hopes for a national ceasefire as a crucial election
looms. The army used airstrikes to repel the attacks.
(AFP, 2/13/15)(AFP, 2/14/15)
2015 Feb 15, Myanmar state
media said troops fighting ethnic rebels near the Chinese border
have recovered the bodies of 13 insurgents and captured eight others
following heavy government losses this week.
2015 Feb 17, Myanmar President
Thein Sein declared a state of emergency in the Kokang region in the
east and imposed a three-month period of martial law there.
2015 Feb 18, Myanmar's
government accused three more ethnic rebel groups: the Kachin
Independence Army, the Shan State Army (South) and the Ta'ang
National Liberation Army, of being involved in armed clashes in
northeastern Shan state, where a week of fighting against Kokang
rebels has left dozens of soldiers dead and sent tens of thousands
of refugees fleeing to neighboring China.
2015 Feb 19, In Myanmar about
4,000 workers were striking at clothing factories outside Yangon,
demanding that their overtime pay of 17 cents an hour be doubled.
Workers vowed to camp outside their factories unless employers meet
their demand, claiming they cannot live on pay amounting to 80,000
kyats ($80) a month as the cost of living rises.
2015 Feb 28, Myanmar police
arrested a photojournalist who posted a satirical message on
Facebook that mocked a historic battle and the country's leader.
Police detained Aung Nay Myo, a freelancer, on a charge of violating
the 1950 Emergency Provision Act.
2015 Mar 2, In Myanmar
truckloads of police prevented hundreds of students from continuing
their march to Yangon to protest a new law that they say curbs
2015 Mar 5, Myanmar police
cracked down on students and other activists opposing a new
education law, charging protesters with batons and dragging them
into trucks at a well-known pagoda in the heart of Yangon. Police
arrested five students from among a crowd of about 200 protesters.
(AP, 3/5/15)(Reuters, 3/5/15)
2015 Mar 6, Scientists said a
tiny, brown bird long thought to be extinct has been rediscovered in
Myanmar's grasslands, but its fragmented habitat is threatened by
human encroachment. The Jerdon's babbler was first discovered in the
1860s but had not been reported in 74 years.
2015 Mar 10, Myanmar police
beat students, monks and journalists with batons as they dispersed a
protest against a proposed new education law after a standoff that
lasted more than a week.
2015 Mar 13, In northwestern
Myanmar a crowded double-decker passenger ferry capsized late today
after being slammed by huge waves. At least 61 people were killed
with 169 known survivors.
(AP, 3/14/15)(AP, 3/17/15)
2015 Mar 13, A bomb from a
Myanmar aircraft reportedly fell in Chinese territory and killed 4
Chinese people. Myanmar denied that any bomb from its forces had
fallen in China and said the rebels might have fired into China to
2015 Mar 17, In Myanmar Philip
Blackwood, a New Zealand bar manager, and his two Myanmar colleagues
were jailed for two and a half years with hard labor by a Yangon
court for using a Buddha image to promote a cheap drinks night.
2015 Mar 27, In eastern
Indonesia an estimated 4,000 foreign fishermen were reported
stranded on a number of remote islands, including men reported to
have been enslaved. Some migrant workers from Myanmar said they had
been brought to Indonesia from Thailand and forced to work on
trawlers with Thai captains.
2015 Mar 30, Myanmar peace
negotiators agreed the draft text of a historic nationwide ceasefire
agreement, as the country edged closer to ending decades of conflict
between ethnic minority groups and the government.
2015 Apr 20, The annual Goldman
Environmental Prize was awarded in San Francisco to six activists.
They included: Marilyn Baptiste (44) of Canada, for her work to stop
the development of an open pit gold and copper mine that threatened
lakes in British Columbia; Berta Caceres (42) of Honduras for her
efforts fighting the Agua Zarca Dam, which threatened to cut off the
water and hunting grounds of the Lenca people; Phyllis Omido (35) of
Kenya for her work exposing lead fumes from a smelting plant; Jean
Wiener of Haiti (50) for his efforts to protect and restore marine
wildlife; Howard Wood (60) of Scotland for his efforts to restore
undersea ecology; and Myint Zaw (39) of Myanmar for halt the
construction of a hydroelectric plant on the Irrawaddy River that
would submerge 50 villages and displace 18,000
(SFC, 4/20/15, p.A6)
2015 Apr 23, In Myanmar the
Arakan Army ethnic insurgent group said it has opened up a new front
in western Rakhine state, aiming to pressure the government to
include it among rebel groups engaged in peace talks.
2015 May 4, Thailand police
arrested two Padang Besar deputy village chiefs and a member of the
Padang Besar municipal council a day earlier. They faced a variety
of charges related to human trafficking. Police said they also
arrested a Myanmar citizen, Zaw Naing Anu (40), or Anwar, who had
previously been arrested in Thailand for fraud and for kidnapping
2015 May 10, In Indonesia
rescuers brought ashore 469 migrants from Myanmar and Bangladesh
after their wooden boat arrived off Aceh.
2015 May 11, Indonesian and
Malaysian authorities said nearly 2,000 boat people from Myanmar and
Bangladesh have been rescued or swum to shore, warning that yet more
desperate migrants could be in peril at sea.
2015 May 12, In Myanmar corpses
began to wash ashore in Rakhine state. By May 24 47 bodies had
washed up on beaches and the mouths of rivers. Some were believed to
be Rohingya Muslims and others Bangladeshis trying to escape
(SFC, 6/3/15, p.A2)
2015 May 12, Malaysia said it
would turn away any more migrant boats packed with Rohingya and
Bangladeshis unless they were sinking.
2015 May 15, Myanmar's
parliament extended martial law for three months in a region along
its border with China as clashes between government troops and a
rebel group continue.
2015 May 15, In Indonesia more
than 1,000 weak, hungry people fleeing persecution in Myanmar and
poverty in Bangladesh came ashore, describing murder, extortion and
near starvation after surviving a harrowing journey at sea. Dozens
were reported killed in violent clashes between the Bangladeshis and
Rohingya on board. A group of 106 people were found on a Thai
2015 May 18, Myanmar
acknowledged international "concerns" about waves of boatpeople,
many of whom are fleeing from persecution, but denied it is solely
to blame as thousands languish in dire straits at sea.
2015 May 19, Myanmar's
President Thein Sein signed off on the Population Control Health
Care Bill requiring some mothers to space their children three years
apart despite objections by a visiting senior US diplomat and rights
activists, who worry it could be used not only to repress women, but
also religious and ethnic minorities.
(AP, 5/23/15)(Econ, 6/6/15, p.32)
2015 May 19, Gambia's
government said it is willing to resettle Muslim Rohingya migrants
stranded at sea after fleeing predominantly Buddhist Myanmar.
2015 May 22, Myanmar’s navy
said it has carried out its first rescue of a migrant boat when
scores of bare-chested men were found crammed into the hull of a
wooden fishing vessel and taken to shore. Officials the next day
said all 208 men are from Bangladesh and will soon be returned
2015 May 24, Malaysia’s home
minister said mass graves and suspected human-trafficking detention
camps have been discovered by police in towns and villages bordering
Thailand. The mass graves were believed to contain the bodies of
hundreds of migrants from Myanmar and Bangladesh.
2015 May 27, In Myanmar some
300 protesters led by Buddhist monks marched through the streets of
Yangon to denounce foreign criticism of the country's treatment of
stateless Rohingya Muslims.
2015 May 29, Myanmar released
the results of its first nationwide census in 30 years, but the
survey excluded the country's Muslim Rohingya minority, who complain
of deep state-sanctioned discrimination. Myanmar’s population stood
at 51.4 million.
2015 May 29, In Thailand
southeast Asian nations agreed to intensify search and rescue
efforts to help vulnerable "boat people" stranded in the region's
seas. Myanmar said its navy had seized a vessel off its coast with
more than 700 migrants aboard.
2015 Jun 4, Myanmar's armed
forces discharged 51 child soldiers from its ranks, bringing the
total number of discharges this year so far to 93.
2015 Jun 9, In eastern India
police killed at least 12 Maoist rebels in a clash early today in
one of their strongholds in Palamau district in Jharkhand state.
Indian special forces attacked rebel camps in Myanmar and claimed to
have killed 40 rebels, but locals said there were no fatalities.
(AP, 6/9/15)(CSM, 6/24/15)
2015 Jun 10, UNESCO, the UN's
cultural agency, said it has named Inle Lake, with its diverse
plants and animals and floating gardens, as Myanmar's first
biosphere reserve to help safeguard natural ecosystems while
promoting sustainable economic development.
2015 Jun 14, In Myanmar
Buddhist hardliners backed by monks protested in troubled Rakhine
state against help being offered to desperate migrants found adrift
on boats in the Bay of Bengal.
2015 Jun, In Myanmar members of
the Kachin Anti-Drug Committee arrested a woman with the ledger who
was among Hpakant's biggest drug dealers. They found two notebooks
listing a combined $500,000 in payoffs to authorities in Kachin
state including an army commander, top police officials, anti-drug
officers, township officials and others. The group also confiscated
$3 million in cash and a "huge amount" of drugs during the arrest.
The suspect was awaiting trial.
2015 Jul 8, Myanmar ratified
the chemical weapons convention, bringing the treaty a step closer
to its goal of acceptance by every country in the world. It will
become the organization's 191st nation when it comes into force 30
days after the ratification.
2015 Jul 12, In Myanmar several
hundred workers rallied for a higher minimum wage despite a warning
by factory owners that the demand might put them out of business.
The daily minimum wage stood at 3,000 kyat ($2.65).
2015 Jul 12, Myanmar’s navy
rescued the last of 102 Bangladeshi migrants stranded for nearly a
month on Saung Gauk Island.
2015 Jul 21, A Myanmar court
fined two editors of a weekly newspaper 1 million kyat ($809) each
after finding them guilty of violating the country's media law by
insulting the president.
2015 Jul 22, A court in
northern Myanmar sentenced 153 Chinese nationals to life in prison
after convicting them of illegal logging in a case that has already
strained relations with Beijing.
2015 Jul 26, Police in
Myanmar's seized more than 26 million stimulant tablets after an
inspection of a parked vehicle in Yangon's northern suburbs, in what
appeared to be the country's biggest such seizure ever. The pills,
identified by police as amphetamine hydrochloride, had an estimated
street value of over $100 million.
2015 Jul 27, Myanmar’s
state-run Kyemon daily reported that recent flooding due to heavy
rains falling in the northwest has killed at least 14 people.
2015 Jul 30, Myanmar freed over
150 Chinese workers sentenced to life in prison for illegal logging
under a massive presidential pardon that included 6,966 prisoners.
2015 Jul 31, Myanmar
authorities said 21 people died in July following heavy rains, and
that between 67,000 and 110,000 people were "severely affected" by
2015 Aug 1, Myanmar officials
said heavy rains have caused more flooding and left 9 people dead,
devastating several townships and forcing more than 18,000 people
into temporary shelters.
2015 Aug 5, Myanmar’s director
of the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement warned
that the Irrawaddy Delta, the country's rice bowl, was at critical
risk of calamitous flooding. Floods had already caused 69 deaths and
affected 260,000 people after more than a month of heavy monsoon
rains and a cyclone.
2015 Aug 9, Myanmar’s
government said the number of people affected by flooding across the
country approached 1 million, with waters in the low-lying
southwestern delta inundating homes and forcing villagers into
temporary shelters. The death toll was on the verge of topping 100.
2015 Aug 12, Myanmar's health
minister scrapped plans to fill more of the 300 vacancies at his
ministry with military personnel, after thousands of people joined a
rare online protest against eight initial appointments. The Black
Ribbon Movement, launched this week by medical workers and doctors
following the appointments, called on the government to end the
"militarization" of the ministry.
2015 Aug 13, Myanmar's
military-backed ruling party announced the ouster of Shwe Mann, its
politically popular chairman, hours after security forces seized the
party headquarters, preventing some members from leaving. Shwe Mann
was seen as a leading candidate for the presidency in upcoming Nov 8
2015 Aug 18, Myanmar's
parliament voted to again extend martial law for three months in a
restive area along the country's border with China, where there have
been clashes between the military and an armed ethnic group since
2015 Aug 26, Myanmar's Pres.
Thein Sein signed two laws restricting religious conversion and
2015 Aug 29, Myanmar banned
political parties from criticizing the army or the
military-dominated constitution in state media during campaigning
for the Nov 8 elections.
2015 Aug 31, Myanmar's Pres.
Thein Sein signed into law the last of four controversial bills
championed by radical Buddhists. The Monogamy Bill sets punishments
for people who have more than one spouse or live with an unmarried
partner other than the spouse. The measures are part of four "Race
and Religion Protection Laws" championed by Ma Ba Tha, the Committee
for the Protection of Nationality and Religion.
2015 Oct 4, Thousands of
Myanmar's nationalist monks and their supporters prayed, clapped and
held speeches at a large rally in Yangon, in a show of growing clout
of radical Buddhists ahead of a Nov. 8 election.
2015 Oct 6, Myanmar’s army
began clashing with the Shan State Army-North, one of the ethnic
armed groups that did not sign an Oct 15 ceasefire deal. 37 clashes
took place b October 19 with 7 SSA-N members killed. The army
suffered an unspecified number of casualties.
2015 Oct 6, In Myanmar Bao
Zhuoxuan (16), also known as Bao Mengmeng, and two men helping him
were taken away by local police from a guest house in a border town.
The son of a rights lawyer detained in China's sweeping crackdown on
civil society disappeared after trying to escape to the United
States. Zhuoxuan was later reported to be under 24-hour police
surveillance at his grandparents' house in Inner Mongolia.
(AP, 10/10/15)(AP, 10/12/15)
2015 Oct 15, Myanmar’s
government signed a cease-fire agreement with eight armed ethnic
groups. The two largest groups, the Kachin and Wa, with tens of
thousands of soldiers, did not sign the agreement.
(SFC, 10/16/15, p.A2)
2015 Oct 29, Myanmar police
arrested Kyaw Ko Ko (34), the leader of a student movement crushed
in March, after he spent more than six months in hiding, amid
increasing signs of a crackdown on dissent ahead of a Nov. 8
2015 Nov 1, In Myanmar
opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi addressed a huge rally on the
outskirts of Yangon, offering a message of reconciliation with
political opponents if her party sweeps the upcoming general
2015 Nov 8, Myanmar held its
first free nationwide election in 25 years. Suu Kyi's National
League for Democracy (NLD) was expected to win the largest share of
votes cast by an electorate of about 30 million. The NLD won enough
seats in Parliament to allow it to form Myanmar's first truly
civilian government in more than half a century.
(Reuters, 11/8/15)(Reuters, 11/9/15)(AP,
2015 Nov 9, Myanmar's ruling
party conceded defeat in the general election as the opposition led
by democracy figurehead Aung San Suu Kyi appeared on course for a
landslide victory that could ensure it forms the next government.
2015 Nov 11, Myanmar President
Thein Sein congratulated democratic champion Aung San Suu Kyi, as
her party appeared to have trounced the ruling camp in the first
free election in 25 years and inched towards an absolute majority in
2015 Nov 11, The Mekong-Lancang
Cooperation forum (China, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and
Vietnam) was created by China to promote sustainable development and
boost the quality of life for the millions of people living in the
Mekong subregion. The forum was seen as a rival to the Mekong River
Commission, formed in 1995, but excludes China and Myanmar.
2015 Nov 13, The US Treasury
Department said it has blacklisted North Korea's ambassador to
Myanmar for alleged involvement in illegal weapons trade.
2015 Nov 21, In northern
Myanmar a landslide near a jade mine killed at least 120 people,
most of them villagers digging for green stones in a mountain of
displaced earth in the Kachin state community of Hpakant.
(AP, 11/22/15)(AP, 11/23/15)(SFC, 11/24/15, p.A2)
2015 Nov 22, In Malaysia ASEAN
nations (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the
Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam) established a formal
community that attempts to create freer movement of trade and
capital in an area of 625 million people with a combined economic
output of $2.6 trillion.
2015 Dec 9, Myanmar inaugurated
a new stock exchange with plans for six companies to start trading
2015 Dec 25, In northern
Myanmar dozens of people were missing and feared dead after a
landslide struck a remote jade mining region in Kachin sate, the
second such incident in a month.
2015 Dec 28, A Myanmar court
jailed a woman for six months for a Facebook post "ridiculing" the
country's army chief and the color of a new uniform.
2015 Delphine Schrank authored
“The Rebel of Rangoon: A Tale of Defiance and Deliverance in
(Econ, 8/8/15, p.72)
2015 The UN estimated that
opium poppy cultivation in Myanmar has nearly tripled over the past
six years, making it the world’s second-largest producer of heroin
and the region’s leading supplier of methamphetamine.
(SSFC, 6/7/15, p.A17)
2016 Jan 22, Myanmar's
military-backed government released at least 20 political prisoners,
just a few months before it is scheduled to hand over power to an
elected pro-democracy party.
2016 Jan 25, In northern
Myanmar a landslide of mining waste killed at least 6 people in
Kachin state's Hpakant jade mining region. Hpakant Baptist Church
deacon Dut La said more than a dozen may still lie under the waste
from the slide.
2016 Jan 26, Hundreds of
Myanmar families were left destitute after government workers used
mechanical diggers to flatten swathes of Yangon slum housing as the
bitter competition for land intensifies in the fast-industrializing
2016 Jan 31, Myanmar's
parliament, led for the first time by pro-democracy leader Aung San
Suu Kyi's party, began a historic session that will install the
country's first democratically elected government in more than 50
2016 Feb 10, Four Myanmar
military personnel were killed and one survived when an air force
utility aircraft crashed after taking off from the airport in the
2016 Feb 13, Authorities in
Bangladesh said they have begun a survey to determine the number of
Rohingya Muslims who have fled persecution in majority-Buddhist
2016 Feb 25, In northern
Myanmar 14 members of the Pat Jasan organization, a grassroots
anti-drug organization whose members were on a march to destroy
opium poppies in farmers' fields, were wounded when they were
attacked with automatic weapons and hand grenades.
2016 Feb 28, In Myanmar
hundreds of nationalist Buddhist monks rallied in Yangon in support
of retaining a constitutional clause barring Aung San Suu Kyi from
becoming the head of state.
(SFC, 1/29/16, p.A3)
2016 Mar 12, Myanmar's army
sparked public criticism after it nominated a retired general still
blacklisted by the United States to be vice president of the
country's first civilian government in decades.
2016 Mar 15, Myanmar's
parliament elected a close friend and confidant of Nobel laureate
Aung San Suu Kyi as president, making Htin Kyaw the first head of
state who does not hail from a military background since the 1960s.
2016 Mar 17, Myanmar's incoming
government announced plans to create a ministry for ethnic affairs,
marking the importance it places on relations with minorities in a
country scarred by festering civil wars and sectarian tensions.
2016 Mar 21, Myanmar's new
parliament voted to reduce the number of government ministries, with
President-elect Htin Kyaw assuring lawmakers that no civil servants
will lose their jobs and that the nation will save $4 million by
getting rid of 15 ministers.
2016 Mar 25, In Myanmar the
Yangon Stock Exchange officially opened for business more than three
months after it was launched in December 2015.
2016 Mar 28, Myanmar's outgoing
government lifted a nearly four-year curfew in the western state of
Rakhine, where clashes between the minority Rohingya Muslims and
majority Buddhists left more than 200 people dead, mostly Muslims.
2016 Mar 30, In Myanmar Htin
Kyaw, a trusted aide to ruling-party leader Aung San Suu Kyi, was
sworn in along with his two vice presidents and 18 Cabinet
2016 Mar 31, Myanmar Pres.
Thein Sein stepped down from office. The next day he shaved his head
and disappeared into a Buddhist order.
(Econ, 4/23/16, p.31)
2016 Apr 1, Myanmar's upper
house of parliament approved a bill that gives Aung San Suu Kyi a
powerful government role, despite opposition from the military on
the second day of her party's new administration.
2016 Apr 6, Myanmar’s President
Htin Kyaw signed a bill giving Aung San Suu Kyi a new role of state
adviser, shoring up her influence across all branches of government
despite vehement opposition from the still-powerful military.
2016 Apr 7, Myanmar democracy
leader Aung San Suu Kyi announced that her government plans to
release all political prisoners as quickly as possible, making the
declaration her first act in her newly created job as state
2016 Apr 8, A Myanmar court
freed dozens of jailed students, in the first wave of detainee
releases after Aung San Suu Kyi pledged to make freeing activists
and political prisoners a priority of her new government.
2016 Apr 13, A magnitude 6.9
earthquake struck Myanmar and was felt in parts of eastern India and
Bangladesh, causing residents to rush out of their homes in panic.
There were no immediate reports of injuries or damage.
2016 Apr 17, Myanmar President
Htin Kyaw pardoned 83 political prisoners on the country's
traditional New Year Sunday, as the fledgling civilian-led
administration seeks to cast off the shackles of nearly half a
century of military rule.
2016 Apr 28, In Myanmar
Buddhist monks joined several hundred protesters outside the US
Embassy in Yangon to demand it stop using the term "Rohingya" to
refer to a Muslim ethnic minority group. The protesters insisted the
group be called "Bengali" and be regarded as illegal migrants from
2016 Apr 28, A Myanmar
environment official said the government has banned lucrative
logging operations as the newly-elected government of democracy
leader Aung San Suu Kyi steps up a battle on deforestation. The
measure will cover teak and other hardwoods all across the country.
2016 May 3, In western Myanmar
a fire burned down a camp that sheltered members of the country's
persecuted Rohingya minority, leaving 440 families homeless.
2016 May 5, In northern Myanmar
at least 13 people were killed by a landslide of jade mining waste
in Kachin state.
2016 May 6, In Myanmar hundreds
of villagers protested against the resumption of operations at a
Chinese-backed copper mine, in one of the first tests for the new
government's ability to deal with public anger.
2016 May 17, The Obama
administration announced changes to sanctions imposed on Myanmar.
The new measures took three state-owned banks and seven state
enterprises off its blacklist.
(Econ, 5/21/16, p.34)
2016 May 23, In Myanmar a
collapse at an illegal mine killed at least 13 people in northern
2016 Jun 4, In Myanmar over a
thousand hardline Buddhists gathered on the outskirts of Yangon for
the annual summit of their ulta-nationalist group, as the
anti-Muslim network looks to stay relevant under Myanmar's new
2016 Jun 14, In northern
Myanmar a military helicopter crashed in the jungle, killing 3
officers on board.
2016 Jun 25, Myanmar soldiers
rounded up dozens of men in the remote village of Mong Yaw, Shan
state, an area riven by a long-running ethnic insurgency. They led
five men away and a few days later the bodies of the five were found
in a shallow grave. On July 20 the military promised to prosecute
2016 Jun 28, A Myanmar court
laid additional charges against Nyi Nyi Lwin (aka Gambira), a former
monk and leader of the 2007 "Saffron Revolution" anti-junta
uprising, accusing him of trespass and "mischief" committed four
years ago. Lwin was arrested in January for illegally entering
Myanmar from neighboring Thailand.
2016 Jun 30, The United States
placed Myanmar on its list of worst human trafficking offenders for
failing to do more to curb widespread abuses, and upgraded Thailand
from the lowest grade for what was deemed to be an improved record.
2016 Jul 1, Myanmar security
forces in Hpakant, Kachin state, were unable to control attackers
armed with sticks, knives and other weapons as they burned down a
mosque. The mosque's leaders had reportedly failed to meet a June 30
deadline set by local authorities to tear down the structure to make
way for construction of a bridge.
2016 Jul 3, Myanmar's
bitterly-divided Rakhine State saw mass protests as thousands of
Buddhists, including monks, demonstrated in a show of opposition to
a government edict referring to Muslim communities in the restive
2016 Jul 12, In Myanmar the
Sangha Council, a state institution that oversees Buddhist monastic
discipline, declared that it did not recognize Ma Ba Tha, an
influential Buddhist nationalist group, as a member of the country's
2016 Aug 5, Myanmar health
officials confirmed that a measles outbreak is behind the deaths of
more than 30 people, mostly children, in the northern Sagaing
2016 Aug 18, In Myanmar the
body of Raysuana (25) was found found naked and unconscious by a
road next to an army compound in Sittwe, the capital of the
conflict-torn Rakhine State. Medical attendants noticed bruising on
her neck and bleeding from her vagina. She died the same evening.
Police said she died of natural causes and no murder
investigation was launched.
2016 Aug 22, A Myanmar court
indicted Hla Phone (38) for insulting the military chief and former
president on social media, under a controversial telecommunications
law that activists have urged the new government to repeal.
2016 Aug 23, In Myanmar a
statement by the office of State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi said an
agreement will be signed between her office and the Kofi Annan
Foundation to set up a nine-member advisory commission to resolve
protracted issues in the conflict in Rakhine state.
2016 Aug 24, In Myanmar a
powerful earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 6.8 shook the
center of the country, knocking glasses off tables and sending
people running out of buildings in Yangon. At least 4 people were
(AP, 8/24/16)(AP, 8/25/16)
2016 Sep 3, Myanmar’s
government ended four days of peace talks with 17 insurgent groups.
Days before the peace talks began Myanmar’s army had attacked Kachin
Independence Army (KIA) positions.
(Econ, 9/10/16, p.32)
2016 Sep 4, President Barack
Obama met with Myanmar leader Suu Kyi at the White House to discuss
rolling back more of the sanctions that were applied when the nation
was under military rule. Obama said the US will "soon" lift
restrictions on military-owned companies and officials and
associates of the former ruling junta.
(AP, 9/14/16)(AP, 9/15/16)
2016 Sep 16, In Myanmar seven
soldiers were jailed for killing villagers in Shan State, a rare
punishment for abuses by the army.
2016 Sep 19, Myanmar rebels and
border forces said at least eight people have been killed and
thousands displaced by recent clashes in the southeast.
2016 Sep, In Myanmar Aung San
Suu Kyi convened four days of peace talks late this month in
Naypyidaw with representatives of 17 of the country’s 20 insurgent
ethnic groups. The talks achieved nothing but vague promises.
(Econ, 12/24/16, p.49)
2016 Oct 4,
A Myanmar lawmaker said parliament has abolished the Emergency
Provisions Act. The law was introduced in 1950 as newly independent
Myanmar struggled with nascent ethnic insurgencies but was then
frequently used against activists after the military seized power in
a 1962 coup.
2016 Oct 6, A Myanmar court
sentenced Dutch citizen Klaas Haytema (30) to three months in prison
for interfering with a religious observance by unplugging an
amplifier blasting a late-night Buddhist sermon near his hotel in
Mandalay. He had been arrested in late September after a crowd
gathered around his hotel in protest when the loudspeakers at a
nearby religious hall were turned off.
2016 Oct 7, It was reported
that President Barack Obama has issued waivers that continue
millions of dollars in US military assistance for troubled South
Sudan and six other nations where child soldiers have been used,
disappointing advocates who say his administration hasn't made
curbing the use of children in combat a higher priority. Waivers
also have been granted to Somalia, Congo, Nigeria, Rwanda, Iraq and
2016 Oct 9, In northwestern
Myanmar men wielding guns, machetes, and homemade weapons stormed
the Kyikanpyin border post and two others in Rakhine state. Nine
police were reported killed. Police captured two attackers, killed
eight, and said they were Rohingyas. The military locked down
the area and said at least 26 civilians died in ensuing clashes.
(AFP, 10/15/16)(Reuters, 12/26/16)(Econ, 10/9/16,
2016 Oct 15, In Myanmar a ferry
sank about 85 miles (137 km) northwest of Mandalay, as it traveled
between the towns of Homalin and Monywa. 73 bodies, among them 54
women, 14 men and 5 whose gender had yet to be identified, were
later found, in addition to the 159 passengers rescued alive.
2016 Oct 28, Myanmar's
government said that a pregnant foreign woman has been diagnosed
with the country's first case of Zika, a mosquito-borne virus linked
to birth defects.
2016 Nov 2, Japanese PM Shinzo
Abe held talks with Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi in Tokyo and
pledged 40 billion yen ($390 million) in aid to back her
government's peace process with ethnic minorities, amid growing
international concern about reported army attacks on a Muslim group.
2016 Nov 3, In Myanmar six
attackers on three motorcycles shot at 11 policemen, killing one
police corporal and wounding another.
2016 Nov 5, In Myanmar video
captured police officers shown beating villagers in the area of
Maungdaw township. The video was circulated on the internet and
forced a rare official acknowledgment of abuses taking place in the
western state of Rakhine.
2016 Nov 15, Myanmar’s army
said sixty-nine members of the government described Rohingya Muslim
militant group and 17 members of the security forces have been
killed since the October 9 start of fighting in western Rakhine
2016 Nov 16, Advocates for
Myanmar's Muslim ethnic Rohingya community said that more than 100
members of the minority group have been killed in recent government
counterinsurgency sweeps in the western state of Rakhine. Ko Ko Linn
of the Arakan Rohingya National Organization said that according to
villagers, at least 150 people had been killed in Maungdaw district
by security forces since Nov 12.
2016 Nov 21, In Myanmar four
ethnic armed groups attacked security forces in the north of the
country, dealing a major blow to leader Aung San Suu Kyi's top goal
of reaching peace with ethnic minorities. Human Rights Watch said
high-definition satellite images show 820 newly identified
structures destroyed this month in five Rohingya Muslim villages in
Myanmar's troubled Rakhine state where the military is carrying out
(Reuters, 11/21/16)(AP, 11/21/16)
2016 Nov 22, More Rohingya
Muslims from Myanmar poured into neighboring Bangladesh, with some
feared to have drowned after a boat sank during a bid to flee
violence that has killed at least 86 people and displaced 30,000.
2016 Nov 25, Thousands of
Bangladeshis marched in the streets of Dhaka to protest the
persecution of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar. Smaller protests
occurred in Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand.
2016 Dec 16, Myanmar government
forces started launching attacks on the northeastern headquarters of
the Kachin Independence Army, one of the country's ethnic rebel
2016 Dec 16, The UN said it is
getting daily reports of rapes and killings of the Rohingya minority
in Myanmar and independent monitors are being barred from
2016 Dec 24, In Myanmar Baptist
ministers Langjaw Gam Seng (35) and Dumdaw Nawng Lat (65)
disappeared after they were summoned to an army base in northern
Shan state. On Jan 20, 2016, media reported that the two men were
suspected of recruiting and spying for Kachin ethnic rebels, as well
as spreading false information on their behalf.
(AP, 1/17/17)(AP, 1/20/17)
2016 Dec 25, In Myanmar a man
was found dead with stab wounds in Rakhine State. The government
said the next day that this was the second murder in under a week of
a Rohingya who cooperated with authorities as they crack down on
2016 Dec 29, Bangladesh said
some 50,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled to its territory from
Myanmar, seeking shelter from a bloody crackdown by the army.
2016 The Arakan Rohingya
Salvation Army (ARSA) was formed by Rohingya exiles living in Saudi
Arabia. It is led by Attullah Abu Amar Jununi, a Pakistani-born
Rohingya who grew up in Mecca, and a committee of about 20 Rohingya
2017 Jan 20, UN human rights
envoy Yanghee Lee ended a 12-day visit to Myanmar with a bleak
evaluation of the government's ability to deal with the problems
facing the country's ethnic minorities. She said the situation there
2017 Jan 29, In Myanmar a
gunman killed a legal adviser for the ruling National League for
Democracy, shooting the lawyer in the head at close range as he
walked out of the Yangon airport. The gunman was arrested after he
killed Ko Ni, a prominent member of Myanmar's Muslim minority, and
wounded a taxi driver who tried to stop him from fleeing. The
suspect was identified as Kyi Linn (53) from Mandalay. A second
suspect, Aung Win Zaw (46), was detained in Kayin State on January
30. On Feb 25 a senior security officials said the assassination was
the result of a personal political grudge and not part of a bigger
conspiracy by the military.
(AP, 1/29/17)(AFP, 2/4/17)(AP, 2/25/17)
2017 Jan 30, Myanmar police
arrested Myint Swe in southeastern Karen state. Police alleged he
hired the suspected gunman, Kyi Lin, who was arrested right after he
shot Ko Ni in the head at close range at the Yangon airport on
Sunday and tried to flee.
2017 Feb 1, Myanmar police said
that had arrested four people in the killing of U Ko Ni, a prominent
Muslim human rights lawyer.
(SFC, 2/2/17, p.A2)
2017 Feb 3, Malaysia’s PM Najib
Razak dispatched a ship with thousands of tons of food and emergency
supplies for Myanmar's Rohingya Muslims, but it was unclear where
the bulk of the aid would be delivered.
2017 Feb 3, The UN human rights
office said Myanmar's security forces have committed mass killings
and gang rapes of Rohingya Muslims and burned their villages since
October in a campaign that probably amounts to crimes against
humanity and possibly "ethnic cleansing".
2017 Feb 5, Myanmar police
arrested a Buddhist monk in northern Rakhine state after finding
400,000 pills of methamphetamine in his car. A search of his
monastery turned up 4.2 million pills along with a grenade and
(SFC, 2/8/17, p.A2)
2017 Feb 6, A Myanmar patrol
boat opened fire on Bangladeshi fishermen. Nurul Amin (26) was
killed, one fisherman was wounded and another went overboard but
swam to safety when a Myanmar navy vessel approached their boat at
speed in the Naf river which forms the border in that area.
2017 Feb 8, Senior UN officials
said more than 1,000 Rohingya Muslims may have been killed in a
Myanmar army crackdown, suggesting the death toll has been a far
greater than previously reported.
2017 Feb 8, Pope Francis issued
a stinging criticism of atrocities against Myanmar's Rohingya
minority, saying they had been tortured and killed simply because
they wanted to live their culture and Muslim faith.
2017 Feb 9, In Myanmar
production at Hangzhou Hundred-Tex Garment Company in Yangon was
halted. Workers had demanded a better performance review system and
healthcare coverage. Later in the month hundreds of workers stormed
the Chinese-owned factory making clothes for Swedish fashion
retailer Hennes & Mauritz. They damaged facilities including
textile machinery, computers and surveillance cameras.
2017 Feb 10, Amnesty
International urged Myanmar's government to suspend operations at
the Letpadaung mine copper mine, jointly owned by its army and a
Chinese state enterprise, until its impact on human rights and the
environment is properly addressed.
2017 Feb 16, Myanmar's
government said the military has ended its four-month
counterinsurgency operation in troubled Rakhine state, where it had
been accused of rape, torture and other abuses against Muslim
Rohingya minority residents.
2017 Feb 20, Bangladesh's
foreign minister called on the international community on to address
Myanmar's treatment of its Rohingya Muslim minority, tens of
thousands of whom have fled in recent months to Bangladesh from its
mainly Buddhist neighbor.
2017 Mar 6, In Myanmar some 30
people died in clashes between ethnic rebels and security forces
after fighters from the predominantly ethnic Chinese Myanmar
National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA) launched a pre-dawn attack
on police posts in the capital of the northeastern Kokang region,
2017 Mar 7, Myanmar's
government urged ethnic rebel groups to join talks to achieve a
nationwide peace agreement even after one of the groups raided a
government-controlled town in an attack a day earlier that killed
five policemen and five civilians, including a schoolteacher.
2017 Mar 16, The European Union
called for the United Nations to send an international fact-finding
mission urgently to Myanmar to investigate allegations of torture,
rapes and executions by the military against the Rohingya Muslim
2017 Mar 19, In Myanmar
hundreds of hard-line Buddhists in Rakhine state protested against
the government's plan to give citizenship to some members of the
persecuted Rohingya Muslim minority community. Rakhine, one of the
poorest states in Myanmar, is home to more than 1 million stateless
2017 Mar 24, The UN-backed
Human Rights Council approved a resolution to dispatch an int’l.
fact-finding mission to Myanmar to probe reported abuses by military
and security forces, particularly against the minority Rohingya
(SFC, 3/25/17, p.A2)
2017 Apr 1, Myanmar held
by-elections. Nine of the contested seats were in the Lower House,
three in the Upper House and the rest in state and regional
assemblies in ethnic minority areas. Suu Kyi's National League for
Democracy (NLD) won nine out of 19 seats in the national and
(AP, 4/1/17)(Reuters, 4/2/17)
2017 Apr 7, In Myanmar a ferry
boat carrying wedding guests capsized after colliding with a boat
carrying gravel in the Ngawun river of the Ayeyarwaddy delta,
killing at least 20 people and leaving more than a dozen missing.
2017 Apr 25, China offered to
help tackle a diplomatic row between Bangladesh and Myanmar over the
flight of minority Rohingyas.
2017 Apr 28, In Myanmar
ultra-nationalist Buddhist monks and their supporters have forced
the closing of two Muslim schools in Yangon.
2017 May 4, The Vatican and
Myanmar announced an agreement to establish diplomatic relations as
Pope Francis met with Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi, the
country's top civilian leader.
2017 May 5, Thai police found
35 migrants from Myanmar abandoned and wandering in a southern
forest, raising fears that smuggling and trafficking routes are
flourishing despite a crackdown by authorities.
2017 May 12, Myanmar police
said they have arrested two radical Buddhist nationalists and are
seeking several more after they clashed with Muslims in the
country's commercial capital Yangon, underscoring a growing concern
over rising religious tensions.
2017 May 17, Myanmar soldiers
shot dead four itinerant workers after they tried to enter a mine to
search for gems cast aside by its military owners.
2017 May 24, Representatives
from Myanmar's ethic rebel groups and the government gathered in
Yangon for five days of peace talks aimed at ending decades of
ethnic rebellions in the country.
2017 May 27, In Myanmar
thousands of Buddhist monks, nuns and supporters of the Ma Ba Tha
ultranationalist group gathered at an annual conference on the
outskirts of Yangon despite being banned by the government.
2017 May 27, Human rights
advocates called on Myanmar to investigate the actions of some of
its soldiers after footage of people being treated violently by
uniformed men went viral.
2017 May 30, Police in northern
Myanmar said that they are investigating the deaths of three ethnic
Kachin men whose bodies were found in a shallow grave. Locals said
they were detained on May 25 by government soldiers.
2017 Jun 2, Police in Myanmar
arrested a newspaper's chief editor and a columnist for allegedly
defaming the military by publishing an article mocking its role in
the country's efforts to reach a peace agreement with fractious
2017 Jun 6, A local Myanmar
official said thousands of rats have descended on villages on
Haingyi island in the Irrawaddy Delta, in what some have taken to be
an ill omen of impending disaster. More than 4,000 have been killed
since the critters scurried into their villages over the weekend.
2017 Jun 7, A Myanmar military
transport plane with 122 people on board went down on a flight from
southern Myanmar to Yangon. The next day fishermen joined navy and
air force personnel in recovering bodies and aircraft parts from the
sea off Myanmar.
(AP, 6/7/17)(AP, 6/8/17)
2017 Jun 20, A court in Myanmar
sentenced a self-styled exorcist to death for killing three children
during a ritual he carried out after telling their parents their
offspring were possessed by evil spirits. The court sentenced Tun
Naing for the deaths of two girls, aged 8 months and 2 years, and a
3-year-old boy. The children suffered fatal injuries last October
when Tun Naing punched and kicked them.
2017 Jun 26, Myanmar soldiers
took journalists Aye Nai, Pyae Phone Aung and Lawi Weng, and three
ethnic minority men traveling with them, into custody. The
journalists were on their way back from reporting on some illegal
drugs being burned by the Ta'ang National Liberation Army, a rebel
group fighting the army for greater autonomy.
2017 Jun 27, The United States
asserted that Myanmar is no longer one of the world's worst
offenders on human trafficking, while removing both Myanmar and Iraq
from a list of countries that use child soldiers.
2017 Jun 29, Myanmar's
government said it will instruct its embassies around the world to
bar members of a UN-approved fact-finding mission from entering the
country to investigate alleged human rights violations by security
forces against the Muslim Rohingya minority and other groups.
2017 Jul 3, The European Union
urged Myanmar to protect journalists from "intimidation, arrest or
prosecution" after several cases of reporters running into trouble
with the law, including three detained by the army last week.
2017 Jul 4, In Myanmar one
Rohingya Muslim man was killed and six wounded when they were
attacked by a mob of Rakhine Buddhists in Sittwe, the capital of
troubled northwestern Rakhine state. More than a dozen masked men
abducted Abdu Sulwon. His body was found in a ravine near his
village on July 15. Officials later said Rohingya insurgents are
behind this and a slew of killings in the area that has been racked
by violence in recent months.
(Reuters, 7/4/17)(Reuters, 7/20/17)
2017 Jul 12, Myanmar pledged
"no restrictions" on journalists visiting the troubled state of
Rakhine this week, in the first official trip to include foreign
reporters to mostly Rohingya Muslim villages affected by violence
2017 Jul 15, In Myanmar
Rohingya Muslim women lined up to tell reporters of missing
husbands, mothers and sons as international media were escorted for
the first time to a village in northern Rakhine state affected by
violence since October.
2017 Jul 24, Myanmar state
media said flooding across large parts of the country has displaced
more than 100,000 people, causing two deaths.
2017 Jul 27, Myanmar health
authorities said they have asked the UN's health agency for help to
combat a deadly outbreak of swine flu that has sparked alarm in
Yangon. At least six people have died and 30 more have been infected
over the past week, most of them in Yangon.
2017 Jul 31, Myanmar police
detained Swe Win, the editor of the nonprofit online news outlet
Myanmar Now, accusing him of attempting to flee the country shortly
before his trial on defamation charges brought by a follower of a
Buddhist monk who has stirred up anti-Muslim hatred.
2017 Aug 3, In western Myanmar
suspected insurgents killed at least six members of the of the Mro
Buddhist ethnic minority.
2017 Aug 4, Myanmar security
forces fired warning shots to disperse some 600 Muslim villagers
while they were arresting four suspected insurgents in a western
region where government troops have been accused of human rights
violations against Rohingya minority.
2017 Aug 11, Myanmar military
sources said hundreds of soldiers have been sent to beef up security
in northwestern Rakhine state after a recent spate of killings,
fuelling fears of yet more violence and instability in the troubled
2017 Aug 11, In Nepal seven
South Asian and Southeast Asian nations (Bangladesh, India, Myanmar,
Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan and Nepal) agreed to conclude early a
free trade accord, implement the Paris agreement on climate change
and step up cooperation among their security agencies to combat
2017 Aug 13, In western Myanmar
hundreds of Buddhists took to the streets to protest against aid
organizations they accuse of giving support to Muslim Rohingya
2017 Aug 25, In western Myanmar
ethnic Rohingya militants launched overnight attacks on more than
two dozen police and border outposts, leaving 89 people dead. 77 of
the dead were Rohingya and 12 were security officials. The Arakan
Rohingya Salvation Army took responsibility for the attacks.
Responding soldiers in Maungdaw township burned homes and property,
and shot dead at least 10 people. In 2018 Amnesty International
documented in detail alleged atrocities by the ARSA saying fighters
from the group killed as many as 99 Hindus near Kha Maung Seik.
(AP, 8/25/17)(AP, 8/26/17)(Reuters, 5/25/18)
2017 Aug 26, In western Myanmar
thousands of ethnic Rohingya Muslims tried to cross into Bangladesh,
following an attack by Rohingya militants that left 89 people dead
in a dramatic escalation of communal violence that has plagued the
2017 Aug 27, Myanmar's
government and advocates for the country's Muslim Rohingya ethnic
minority traded charges of killing civilians, burning down buildings
and planting land mines, as clashes that began last week when
insurgents launched attacks against police posts continued. The
death toll from the violence that started August 24 had reached 96,
mostly alleged Rohingya attackers but also 12 security personnel.
2017 Aug 27, In Myanmar an army
massacre reportedly took place in the village of Maung Nu. Dozens of
survivors were later interviewed and many carried reminders of the
tragedy with them into exile.
2017 Aug 27, Bangladesh police
said they have detained and forcibly returned 90 Rohingya migrants
to Myanmar, just hours after Myanmar troops on the other side of the
border had opened fire on people fleeing the country.
2017 Aug 28, Myanmar security
forces intensified operations against Rohingya insurgents, following
three days of clashes with militants in the worst violence involving
Myanmar's Muslim minority in five years.
2017 Aug 28, The UN refugee
agency said more than 3,000 Rohingya refugees had arrived in
Bangladesh from Myanmar in the past three days.
2017 Aug 30, The International
Organization for Migration said at least 18,500 Rohingya have
crossed into Bangladesh since fighting erupted in Myanmar's
neighboring Rakhine state six days ago.
2017 Aug, Myanmar government
troops laid waste to more than 20 villages in Rakhine state. Two
government soldiers later deserted and in 2020 confessed to
participating in massacres targeting the Rohingya.
(Econ., 9/12/20, p.32)
2017 Sep 1, Myanmar's military
dropped criminal charges it had filed against six journalists in
cases that drew international criticism for discouraging freedom of
2017 Sep 1, Myanmar officials
said nearly 400 people have died in fighting that has rocked the
northwest for a week, making it probably the deadliest bout of
violence to engulf the country's Rohingya Muslim minority in
decades. All but 29 of 399 dead were said to be insurgents.
(AFP, 9/1/17)(SFC, 9/2/17, p.A5)
2017 Sep 1, Myanmar soldiers
and some villagers detained a group of 10 Rohingya. The military
said the men were "terrorists"; their family members said they were
farmers, high school students and an Islamic teacher. The next
morning, witnesses said, Buddhist villagers hacked some of the
Rohingya men with swords. The rest were shot by Myanmar troops and
buried in a shallow grave. In April 2018, after launching an
investigation into the killings, the military announced that four
officers and three soldiers of other ranks had been dismissed from
the military and sentenced to 10 years with hard labor. The soldiers
were freed in Nov. 2018. They served less jail time than two Reuters
reporters who uncovered the killings.
2017 Sep 2, Myanmar’s
government said more than 2,600 houses have been burned down in
Rohingya-majority areas of the northwest in the last week. The World
Food Program (WFP) said it has suspended food aid in the
violence-scorched Rakhine state, as the humanitarian situation
deteriorates with a surging death toll and tens of thousands
Rohingya Muslims and ethnic Buddhists on the move. Nearly 60,000
Rohingya Muslims have crossed into Bangladesh from Myanmar since
(Reuters, 9/2/17)(AFP, 9/2/17)
2017 Sep 2, Myanmar’s military
conducted a "clearance operation" at the coastal village of Inn Din,
about 50 km (30 miles) north of the state capital Sittwe when "200
Bengali terrorists attacked using sticks and swords." Ten of the
attackers were captured and killed by the military after local
Buddhist villagers had forced the captured men into a grave they had
(Reuters, 1/10/18)(Reuters, 1/11/18)
2017 Sep 3, Relief camps were
reaching full capacity as thousands of Rohingya refugees continued
to pour into Bangladesh fleeing violence in western Myanmar. Some
73,000 people have crossed the border since violence erupted Aug. 25
in Myanmar's Rakhine state.
2017 Sep 5, Myanmar leader Aung
San Suu Kyi came under more pressure from countries with Muslim
populations to halt violence against Rohingya Muslims that has sent
nearly 125,000 of them fleeing over the border to Bangladesh in just
over 10 days. The UN refugee agency said a total of 123,000 refugees
have fled western Myanmar since August 25.
(Reuters, 9/5/17)(AP, 9/5/17)
2017 Sep 5, Bangladesh
officials said they plan to go ahead with work to develop an
isolated, flood-prone island in the Bay of Bengal to temporarily
house tens of thousands of Rohingya Muslims fleeing violence in
2017 Sep 6, Myanmar said it is
negotiating with China and Russia to ensure they block any UN
Security Council censure over the violence that has forced an exodus
of nearly 150,000 Rohingya Muslims to Bangladesh in less than two
2017 Sep 6, Bangladesh lodged a
protest after it said Myanmar had laid landmines near the border
between the two countries.
2017 Sep 6, Thousands of
Indonesians, led by Islamist groups, held a rally near the Myanmar
embassy in Jakarta to protest against the treatment of Rohingya
Muslims and demand the snapping of ties between the two countries.
2017 Sep 6, President Tayyip
Erdogan said Turkey will provide 10,000 tons of aid to help Rohingya
Muslims who have fled violence in Myanmar.
2017 Sep 6, UN workers said
about 146,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled to Bangladesh since
violence erupted in Myanmar in late August. This has brought to
233,000 the number of Rohingya who have sought refuge in Bangladesh
since October 2016.
2017 Sep 7, In Myanmar
journalists saw new fires burning in a village that had been
abandoned by Rohingya Muslims, and pages ripped from Islamic texts
that were left on the ground. This intensifies doubts about
government claims that members of the persecuted minority have been
destroying their own homes.
2017 Sep 8, The UN refugee
agency said an alarming and unprecedented influx of 270,000 Rohingya
have sought refuge in Bangladesh over the past two weeks from
violence in Myanmar, a dramatic jump in the total as new pockets of
people are found.
2017 Sep 8, In northwestern
Myanmar the villages of Ah Htet Nan Yar and Auk Nan Yar, some 65 km
(40 miles) north of Sittwe, capital of Rakhine state, were burned
along with four to six other settlements.
2017 Sep 9, In northwestern
Myanmar several more villages were burned down in an area where many
Rohingya Muslims had been sheltering from violence in the ethnically
mixed Rathedaung region.
2017 Sep 10, Myanmar rebuffed a
ceasefire declared by Muslim Rohingya insurgents to enable the
delivery of aid to thousands of displaced people in the
violence-racked state of Rakhine, declaring simply that it did not
negotiate with terrorists.
2017 Sep 11, The office of the
UN High Commissioner for Refugees said the number of people who have
fled to Bangladesh to escape violence in Myanmar's western state of
Rakhine has reached 313,000.
2017 Sep 14, The UN said the
number of Rohingya who have fled Myanmar for Bangladesh to escape
ethnic unrest hit 389,000 and warned of a looming "worst case
scenario" with all of the Muslim minority group trying to leave. The
UN appealed for massive help.
(AFP, 9/14/17)(Reuters, 9/14/17)
2017 Sep 18, More than 10,000
Muslims in Bangladesh marched toward Myanmar's embassy to protest
the country's crackdown on Rohingya Muslims. The Rohingya fleeing a
Myanmar military offensive arrived in Bangladesh with fresh accounts
of violence and arson as a rights group called for sanctions and an
arms embargo to stop what the United Nations has branded ethnic
cleansing. More than 410,000 Rohingya Muslims have been sent fleeing
(AP, 9/18/17)(Reuters, 9/18/17)
2017 Sep 18, India's government
said that it has evidence there are extremists who pose a threat to
the country's security among the Rohingya Muslims who have fled
Myanmar and settled in many Indian cities.
2017 Sep 19, Myanmar leader
Aung San Suu Kyi said her government stands ready to accept
returnees once procedures are worked out, and to be globally
scrutinized by the international community. In Geneva the
International Organization for Migration put the total number of
Rohingya fleeing to Bangladesh at 421,000. UNICEF said more than a
quarter of a million of those were children.
2017 Sep 20, Buddhist
protesters in Myanmar threw petrol bombs to try to block a shipment
of aid to Muslims in Rakhine state, where the United Nations has
accused the military of ethnic cleansing, before police fired in the
air to disperse them.
2017 Sep 21, Myanmar's army
chief called for people internally displaced by violence in Rakhine
State to go home and rebuild communities, but he made no mention of
422,000 Rohingya Muslims who fled to Bangladesh to escape his
2017 Sep 22, Satellite images
of Myanmar’s Rakhine state showed smoke rising from Rohingya Muslim
villages, contradicting Aung San Suu Kyi’s claims that military
operations there have ended.
(SSFC, 9/24/17 p.A5)
2017 Sep 22, In Bangladesh two
Myanmar photojournalists arrested while covering a massive influx of
Rohingya refugees from their country were released on bail, but they
can't leave the country because the charges against them have yet to
2017 Sep 25, Myanmar government
forces found the bodies of 17 more Hindu villagers, taking to 45 the
number found over the last 24 hours, who authorities suspect were
killed by Muslim insurgents last month, at the beginning of a wave
of violence that has sent 436,000 Muslim Rohingya fleeing to
Bangladesh. Security forces said the bodies are among about 100
Hindus missing since ARSA attacked at least 30 police outposts on
(Reuters, 9/25/17)(AP, 9/25/17)
2017 Sep 26, Myanmar government
officials said at least 163 people have been killed and 91 others
have gone missing over the past year in attacks carried out by
Rohingya Muslim militants in Myanmar's restive Rakhine state.
2017 Sep 26, Human Rights Watch
said Myanmar is committing crimes against humanity in its campaign
against Muslim insurgents in Rakhine state and called for the UN
Security Council to impose sanctions and an arms embargo.
2017 Sep 26, The UN drastically
increased the estimated number of Rohingya Muslims who have fled
violence in Myanmar to 480,000 as Bangladesh eased restrictions on
aid groups working in refugee camps and sought $250 million to cope
with the crisis.
2017 Sep 27, A Myanmar minister
said burned land becomes government-managed land. Refugees arriving
in Bangladesh have accused the army and Buddhist vigilantes of
mounting a campaign of violence and arson aimed at driving Rohingya
out of Myanmar. Security forces and local administrators have been
collecting livestock left behind and bringing the animals by foot,
truck and sometimes boat to Buddhist-controlled areas.
(Reuters, 9/27/17)(AP, 9/27/17)
2017 Sep 28, A boat carrying
130 Rohingya refugees fleeing violence in Myanmar capsized off the
Bay of Bengal. More than 60 Rohingya Muslim refugees were believed
to have drowned. 23 people were confirmed dead and 40 were missing.
(Reuters, 9/28/17)(Reuters, 9/29/17)
2017 Sep 29, US Ambassador to
the United Nations Nikki Haley called on countries to suspend
providing weapons to Myanmar over the current violence. Nearly 90
non-governmental organizations have denounced "crimes against
humanity" committed by authorities in Myanmar against the Muslim
Rohingya minority and called on the international community to take
(Reuters, 9/29/17)(AFP, 9/29/17)
2017 Oct 1, The World Food
Program (WFP) appealed for 75 million dollars in emergency aid over
the next six months to help alleviate the suffering of Rohingya
Muslims in Bangladesh fleeing violence in Myanmar.
2017 Oct 2, A Myanmar minister
proposed taking back hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims who
fled to Bangladesh following a military crackdown, as UN
representatives were given their first access to Rakhine since the
trouble erupted on August 25.
2017 Oct 6, More Rohingya
Muslims fleeing violence in Myanmar streamed toward the border,
despite government assurances that it was stopping the massive
exodus of refugees to Bangladesh.
2017 Oct 8, A boat with more
than 30 people fleeing Myanmar capsized off Bangladesh. Twenty-five
people drowned, 13 of them children.
2017 Oct 9, Thousands of
Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar fled to Bangladesh in a new surge of
refugees driven by fears of starvation and violence the United
Nations has denounced as ethnic cleansing.
2017 Oct 10, Myanmar launched
its first bid to improve relations between Buddhists and Muslims
since an eruption of deadly violence in August inflamed communal
tension and triggered an exodus of some 520,000 Muslims to
Bangladesh. Inter-faith prayers were held at a stadium in Yangon,
with Buddhists, Muslims, Hindus, Christians and others.
017 Oct 11, In Myanmar Rohingya
Muslim villagers cut off from food and threatened by Buddhist
neighbors in Rakhine state received their first substantial food
supplies in months after international pressure on the government to
2017 Oct 12, Thousands of
Rohingya left Myanmar, aiming to reach Bangladesh by boat, citing a
shortage of food and fear of repression.
2017 Oct 13, Myanmar said its
military has launched an internal probe into the conduct of soldiers
during a counteroffensive that has sent more than half a million
Rohingya Muslims fleeing to Bangladesh.
2017 Oct 16, Thousands of new
Rohingya refugees crossed the border into Bangladesh from Myanmar.
An overcrowded boat carrying refugees capsized in the Bay of Bengal
near a Bangladeshi fishing village, killing 12 people, including six
children. Up to 65 people were on board, almost half of them
(Reuters, 10/16/17)(AP, 10/16/17)
2017 Oct 18, Police in northern
Myanmar opened fire late today on hundreds of villagers who tried to
enter a jade mine area, killing at least five and injuring 20
2017 Oct 22, In Myanmar
hundreds of hard-line Buddhists protested to urge the government not
to repatriate the nearly 600,000 minority Rohingya Muslims who have
fled to Bangladesh since late August to escape violence in Myanmar's
2017 Oct 23, Bangladesh called
on Myanmar to allow nearly 1 million Rohingya Muslim refugees to
return home under safe conditions, saying that the burden had become
"untenable" on its territory. Governments and international donors
pledged $234 million to help over 600,000 Rohingya people who have
fled violence in Myanmar into neighboring Bangladesh over the last
(Reuters, 10/23/17)(AP, 10/23/17)
2017 Oct 23, Canadian PM Justin
Trudeau appointed a special envoy to Myanmar tasked with pressing
its leadership to resolve the Rohingya refugee crisis.
2017 Oct 24, Government
officials from Bangladesh and Myanmar agreed to halt the outflow of
Rohingya Muslims to Bangladesh and enable the refugees to return
2017 Oct 25, Buddhists in
Myanmar blocked aid workers from visiting a camp for displaced
Muslims in the central part of Rakhine State.
2017 Oct 27, In Myanmar two
Baptist leaders were sentenced to prison on charges of supporting
ethnic minority rebels in the war-torn northeast, in a trial slammed
by rights groups as a cover-up for alleged military abuses.
2017 Oct 27, The UN's food
assistance agency said Myanmar's government has given the go-ahead
for it to resume operations in northern Rakhine state after a
2017 Oct 27, UN human rights
investigators, after a first mission to Bangladesh, said Rohingya
refugees fleeing Myanmar have testified that a "consistent,
methodical pattern" of killings, torture, rape and arson is taking
2017 Oct 27, In Myanmar
reporters Lau Hon Meng from Singapore and Mok Choy Lin from Malaysia
were arrested in Naypyidaw for flying a drone over a parliament
building while on assignment for Turkish state broadcaster TRT.
2017 Oct 28, The state-run
Global New Light of Myanmar (GNLM) newspaper said it had
"incorrectly stated that UN-Habitat had agreed with the Union
government to provide technical assistance in building housings for
displaced people in northern Rakhine." Union officials said that the
issue is still under negotiation.
2017 Oct 29, In Myanmar more
than 2,000 people marched in Yangon to show support for the
military, which has come under heavy criticism over violence that
has driven hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims to flee from
Rakhine state to neighboring Bangladesh.
(AP, 10/29/17)(SFC, 10/30/17, p.A2)
2017 Nov 1, Myanmar insisted it
was ready to set up a repatriation process for Rohingya Muslims even
as more risked their lives fleeing the country, but it voiced fears
Bangladesh was delaying an accord to first get international aid
2017 Nov 1, More than 4,000
Rohingya crossed into Bangladesh as thousands more waited on a beach
in Maungdaw, Myanmar, to cross the estuary separating the two
(SFC, 11/3/17, p.A3)
2017 Nov 2, In Myanmar Aung San
Suu Kyi visited the Maungdaw region of Rakhine state and met with
religious leaders in a daylong visit, saying the government is there
(SFC, 11/3/17, p.A3)
2017 Nov 10, Around 750
Rohingya Muslims made their escape from Myanmar to reach Bangladesh,
where the greatest danger is malnutrition and disease in teeming
refugee camps. Over 613,000 Rohingya have already taken refuge in
the camps since a Myanmar military clearance operation forced them
to abandon their villages in northern Rakhine State.
2017 Nov 12, Myanmar police
arrested an ultra-nationalist Buddhist monk who has a history of
stoking sentiment against Rohingya Muslims, the country's
beleaguered minority. Parmaukkha was held under an arrest warrant
for his role in an unauthorized protest outside the US embassy in
Yangon last year.
2017 Nov 13, Myanmar's army
released a report denying all allegations of rape and killings by
security forces, having days earlier replaced the general in charge
of the operation that drove more than 600,000 Rohingya Muslims to
flee to Bangladesh.
2017 Nov 16, A United Nations
General Assembly committee called on Myanmar to end military
operations that have "led to the systematic violation and abuse of
human rights" of Rohingya Muslims in the country's Rakhine state.
2017 Nov 20, China's foreign
ministry said Myanmar and Bangladesh have endorsed its three-stage
solution for a negotiated resolution of the Rohingya refugee crisis.
2017 Nov 21, Members of the US
Congress said operations carried out against the Rohingya Muslims in
Myanmar had "all the hallmarks" of ethnic cleansing, while the
country's leader Aung San Suu Kyi expressed doubts about allegations
of rights abuses.
2017 Nov 22, A senior Chinese
general told the visiting head of Myanmar’s army that China wants
closer ties with Myanmar's military to help protect regional peace
2017 Nov 22, The United States
declared the ongoing violence against Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar to
be "ethnic cleansing," threatening penalties for military officials
engaged in a brutal crackdown that has sent more than 600,000
refugees flooding over the border to Bangladesh.
2017 Nov 23, Myanmar and
Bangladesh signed a deal in Naypyidaw paving the way for the
possible repatriation of Rohingya Muslims who have fled violence in
2017 Nov 24, Chinese President
Xi Jinping met with Myanmar's top military general in Beijing and
discussed China's support amid international criticism over its
treatment of the Rohingya minority.
2017 Nov 27, Myanmar's army
chief Min Aung Hlaing said he told Pope Francis his country had "no
religious discrimination" after the pair met in Yangon, in a papal
visit framed by the exodus of the Rohingya Muslim minority.
2017 Nov 28, In Myanmar Pope
Francis urged the leaders of the majority-Buddhist country to commit
themselves to justice, human rights and respect for "each ethnic
group and its identity." The pope avoided a diplomatic backlash by
not using the highly charged term "Rohingya" in his addresses to
officials, including leader Aung San Suu Kyi.
2017 Nov 29, In Myanmar Pope
Francis urged religious leaders and ordinary faithful to help the
country heal its old wounds, preaching a message of forgiveness and
tolerance as the country emerges from military dictatorship and
seeks to make peace with its many ethnic minorities after decades of
2017 Dec 1, Speaking in Beijing
Myanmar’s civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi, facing growing
international criticism over her country's persecution of Rohingya
Muslims, said her government has made progress in creating a
peaceful society but acknowledged that "much still remains to be
2017 Dec 6, A UN study said the
area under opium poppy cultivation in Myanmar has shrunk by a
quarter in the last two years, as demand for opiates eases and
methamphetamine use surges.
2017 Dec 13, Myanmar's
government said it has arrested two journalists working for the
Reuters news agency for possessing "important secret papers"
obtained from two policemen who had worked in Rakhine state.
Journalists Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo went late the previous evening.
2017 Dec 14, Doctors Without
Borders (MSF) said that least 6,700 Rohingya Muslims were killed in
the first month of a Myanmar army crackdown on rebels in Rakhine
state that began in late August.
2017 Dec 15, A court in Myanmar
sentenced four members of a family to as much as 16 years in prison
with hard labor after finding them guilty of enslaving and abusing
their two teenage maids.
2017 Dec 16, A group of Myanmar
journalists said they would begin wearing black T-shirts in protest
at the detention of two Reuters reporters accused of violating the
country's Official Secrets Act, as pressure builds on Myanmar to
release the pair.
2017 Dec 18, Myanmar’s military
announced that a mass grave containing 10 bodies had been found at
the coastal village of Inn Din, Rakhine State, and have launched an
investigation. On Jan. 10 the military said its soldiers had
murdered 10 captured Muslim "terrorists" during insurgent attacks.
(Reuters, 12/18/17)(Reuters, 1/10/18)
2017 Dec 19, Bangladesh and
Myanmar set up a joint working group to oversee the repatriation of
Rohingya Muslims who fled violence in Myanmar, but the start of
their return is likely to be delayed.
2017 Dec 20, Myanmar's army
said that it had appointed a senior officer to investigate whether
any members of the security forces were involved in the killing of
10 people whose bodies have been uncovered in a mass grave in
2017 Dec 20, In Bangladesh
Turkey's visiting PM Binali Yildirim dubbed the killing of minority
Muslim Rohingyas in Myanmar by its security forces "genocide" and
urged the international community to ensure their safety back home.
2017 Dec 20, India’s Foreign
Secretary Subrahmanyam Jaishankar held talks with Myanmar leaders
and signed a memorandum of understanding to support development of
Rakhine and help create jobs. India will provide Myanmar with $25
million for development projects including prefabricated houses in
troubled Rakhine state to enable the return of Rohingya Muslims who
have fled the area.
2017 Dec 20, Yanghee Lee, the
UN independent investigator into human rights in Myanmar, called for
stronger international pressure to be exerted on Myanmar's military
commanders after being barred from visiting the country for the rest
of her tenure.
2017 Dec 21, The US condemned
Myanmar’s Gen. Maung Maung Soe to a blacklist of shame for his role
in atrocities against Rohingya Muslims.
(SFC, 12/22/17, p.A2)
2017 Dec 22, The US State
Department re-designated China, Eritrea, Iran, Myanmar, North Korea,
Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan as
"countries of particular concern" under the International Religious
Freedom Act for having engaged in or tolerated egregious violations
of religious freedom.
2017 Dec 26, Myanmar police
said they would drop pending charges against two journalists working
for Turkey's state broadcaster, their interpreter and driver, who
were jailed in November for violating an aircraft law by filming
with a drone.
2017 Dec 29, Myanmar released
two journalists and their two local staff from prison, two months
after their Oct. 27 arrest for allegedly flying a drone over the
2017 Myanmar’s population was
about 54 million.
(Econ, 8/12/17, p.31)
2018 Jan 5, In Myanmar six
soldiers were injured in an insurgent attack in northern Rakhine
state. The military said the attackers were from the Arakan Rohingya
Salvation Army, the militant group blamed for attacks on police
2018 Jan 7, Myanmar’s Rohingya
Muslim insurgents said they have no option but to fight what they
called state-sponsored terrorism to defend the Rohingya community,
and they demanded that the Rohingya be consulted on all decisions
affecting their future.
2018 Jan 10, The Myanmar army
chief's office confirmed that security forces took part in killing
"Bengali terrorists" on September 2 in the village of Inn Din in
Rakhine state, after local Buddhist villagers had forced the
captured men into a grave they had dug. The next day Rohingya
Muslims who fled the village said the victims were all civilians,
not fighters as asserted by the army.
(AFP, 1/11/18)(AFP, 1/10/18)
2018 Jan 10, Myanmar police
formally charged local Reuters journalists Wa Lone (31) and Kyaw Soe
Oo (27) with breaching a colonial-era secrecy law that carries up to
14 years in jail, provoking a barrage of calls for their immediate
release. The pair had been reporting on the military campaign in the
northern state of Rakhine.
2018 Jan 10, Cambodian PM Hun
Sen and Chinese Premier Li Keqiang were joined by leaders from
Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and Myanmar over development in the Mekong
subregion. The leaders agreed in a joint statement to enhance
connectivity between their countries to accelerate
industrialization, urbanization, trade and financial integration.
They also called for greater cooperation in managing and utilizing
2018 Jan 16, Bangladesh and
Myanmar agreed to complete within two years the return of hundreds
of thousands of Rohingya Muslims who had fled an army crackdown last
year in Myanmar.
2018 Jan 16, Myanmar police
opened fire at hundreds of protesters angry about a ban on a local
festival in Rakhine state, killing seven people.
2018 Jan 19, It was reported
that Rohingya leaders in a Bangladesh refugee camp have drawn up a
list of demands they want Myanmar to meet before authorities begin
sending back hundreds of thousands in a repatriation process
expected to begin next week and last for two years.
2018 Jan 19, A Myanmar military
tribunal sentenced six soldiers to 10 years in prison with hard
labor for killing three civilians last September in war-torn Kachin
2018 Jan 21, In Myanmar
thousands of Buddhist monks gathered in Mandalay for an event partly
organized by a scandal-hit Thai temple whose abbot is wanted for
questioning on money-laundering allegations. Mandalay is home to the
monk Wirathu, the self-styled "Buddhist bin Laden" famous for his
anti-Islamic sermons, but there was no sign that he attended the
2018 Jan 24, Former New Mexico
Gov. Bill Richardson resigned from an advisory panel on the massive
Rohingya refugee crisis, calling it a "whitewash and a cheerleading
operation" for Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi.
2018 Jan 25, Myanmar said it
has decided to dump US diplomat Bill Richardson from an advisory
panel on the Rohingya crisis, accusing the veteran politician of a
"personal attack" on Aung San Suu Kyi in his stinging resignation
2018 Jan 25, The United States
called on Russia and Myanmar to reconsider a reported agreement for
the supply of six Russian fighter planes and potential further
purchases of military hardware.
2018 Feb 2, A UN humanitarian
report said conflict between Myanmar's army and guerrillas of the
Kachin Independence Army (KIA) in northern Myanmar has escalated
since Jan. 19, including in Sumprabum, Waingmaw and Tanai townships.
2018 Feb 3, A Bangladeshi
farmer lost both legs when he stepped on a landmine reportedly
planted by Myanmar security forces in a buffer zone between the two
2018 Feb 11, A Myanmar
government spokesman said action will be taken against 10 members of
Myanmar's security forces in connection with the killing of captured
Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine state.
2018 Feb 13, In Myanmar two
ethnic rebel groups joined a long-delayed peace process. The
signings of the Nationwide Cease-fire Agreement in Naypyitaw by the
New Mon State Party and the Lahu Democratic Union were the first
since the original eight groups joined in 2015 under the previous
2018 Feb 13, Myanmar’s
imprisoned journalists Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo, arrested on Dec. 12,
won a major press freedom award. They had been working on an account
of the extrajudicial killing last year of 10 men from Myanmar's
Muslim Rohingya minority.
2018 Feb 16, Canada announced
targeted sanctions against a Myanmar general who led an army
crackdown that forced almost 700,000 Muslim Rohingya refugees to
flee to Bangladesh.
2018 Feb 16, Thailand awarded
Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, Myanmar's army chief, a royal
decoration amid allegations of crimes by Myanmar security forces
against Rohingya Muslims that have prompted international
2018 Feb 20, Myanmar agreed
with Bangladesh to resettle more than 6,000 Rohingya Muslims who
have been stranded in a no man's land between the two countries, as
plans for the repatriation of hundreds of thousands of others have
been delayed over concerns for their safety if they return to
2018 Feb 21, In northern
Myanmar a bomb exploded in a bank in the city of Lashio, a region
where there is fighting between the government and ethnic minority
guerrillas, killing two people and injuring 21 others.
2018 Feb 22, Myanmar’s
parliament approved a budget of about $15 million for the
construction of a fence and related projects along the border with
Bangladesh in Rakhine state, from which about 700,000 members of its
persecuted ethnic Rohingya Muslim minority have fled violence since
2018 Feb 23, Satellite images
of Myanmar's troubled Rakhine state showed that dozens of empty
villages and hamlets have been completely leveled by authorities in
recent weeks — far more than previously reported.
2018 Feb 24, In Myanmar one of
several bombs targeting government offices and other places in
troubled Rakhine state exploded this morning, injuring a police
officer. In all, three bombs exploded, and three unexploded devices
were seized in Sittwe.
2018 Feb 28, Three Nobel peace
laureates visiting Bangladesh urged Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi
and the military to end the "genocide" of Rohingya Muslims now or
2018 Feb 28, UN experts said
its investigations into Pyongyang's transfer of prohibited ballistic
missile, conventional arms and dual use goods found more than 40
previously unreported shipments to Syria between 2012 and 2017. It
said an unnamed UN member state also reported evidence of Myanmar's
receipt of a range of conventional weapons from North Korea
including multiple rocket launchers and surface-to-air missiles in
addition to ballistic missile systems.
2018 Mar 1, Bangladesh’s border
agency accused Myanmar of deploying additional forces across its
border near a no man's land where thousands of Rohingya Muslim
refugees are living in tents.
2018 Mar 5, In Myanmar 200
people marched in Yangon to protest government plans to amend a law
governing public demonstrations to make it easier to charge
participants with crimes and increase penalties for violations.
2018 Mar 10, Myanmar police
said they had opened a murder investigation into the killing of two
men that residents say appeared to have been shot in the head after
they were detained by soldiers in the conflict-torn north of the
country. Ethnic Kachin men Hpaugan Yaw (65) and Nhkum Naw San (35)
had been missing since they were taken away by the military on
January 31. A shallow grave containing two bodies was discovered on
March 9 by a civilian search party in a forest near Maing Khawng.
2018 Mar 12, A UN investigator
said that Myanmar's government appears to be pursuing a policy of
starvation in Rakhine state to force out the remaining Muslim
2018 Mar 14, Senior officials
in Myanmar announced that they have begun talks with UN agencies to
see how they could assist with the repatriation of Rohingya refugees
who fled to Bangladesh to escape violence against them. Myanmar
officials said they have only been able to verify 374 Rohingya
Muslim refugees for possible repatriation from Bangladesh. It was
unclear whether the 374 people had agreed to return.
(AP, 3/14/18)(Reuters, 3/14/18)
2018 Mar 21, An announcement
posted on the Facebook page of the Myanmar President Office said
Htin Kyaw (71) would step down because he wished to take a rest.
2018 Mar 23, In Myanmar Aung
San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy party used its majority
in the lower house to elect Win Myint as the new vice president,
joining the two existing vice presidents selected two years ago by
the upper house and the military, respectively. One of the vice
presidents gets to serve as president.
2018 Mar 28, Myanmar's
parliament elected Win Myint as the country's new president. The
longtime loyalist of Aung San Suu Kyi is expected to carry on his
predecessor's practice of deferring to her as her nation's de facto
2018 Mar 29, British-Lebanese
human rights lawyer Amal Clooney, wife of Hollywood A-lister George,
announced she will represent two Reuters journalists detained in
Myanmar in a case that has incensed global opinion.
2018 Mar 31, In Vietnam the
leaders of six countries along the Mekong River adopted an ambitious
investment plan worth $66 billion over the next five years. The
summit included the prime ministers of Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and
Vietnam, as well as a vice president of Myanmar and the Chinese
2018 Apr 2, Bangladesh
officials said Myanmar authorities have lured dozens of mainly
Buddhist Bangladeshi tribal families to cross the border and
resettle on land abandoned by fleeing Muslim Rohingya.
2018 Apr 3, Malaysian
authorities intercepted a boat carrying 56 people believed to be
Muslim Rohingya refugees who fled from Myanmar, and brought the
vessel and its passengers to shore.
2018 Apr 6, An Indonesian
fishing boat rescued a group of five Muslim Rohingya found in weak
condition off westernmost Aceh province after a 20-day voyage that
killed five other people.
2018 Apr 11, Myanmar civil
society groups welcomed a commitment by Facebook Chief Executive
Mark Zuckerberg to increase efforts to curb messages inciting
violence, but urged the social media giant to deploy more resources
in the Southeast Asian country.
2018 Apr 13, A new UN report
put Myanmar's armed forces on a UN blacklist of government and rebel
groups "credibly suspected" of carrying out rapes and other acts of
sexual violence in conflict for the first time.
2018 Apr 14, A Myanmar
government statement said that five members of a family returned to
western Rakhine state from the border area.
2018 Apr 17, Myanmar announced
that President Win Myint has granted amnesty to more than 8,500
prisoners, reportedly including at least three dozen political
2018 Apr 18, In Myanmar
community leaders from the Christian ethnic Kachin community called
for urgent medical attention for about 2,000 civilians, including
pregnant women and the elderly, trapped in the jungle where they
fled to escape clashes between the Myanmar's army and the Kachin
guerrillas in the country's north.
2018 Apr 20, A Myanmar police
officer testified that he and several colleagues were ordered to
entrap two reporters working for the Reuters news agency, dealing a
major blow to the government's case against the journalists under
the colonial-era Official Secrets Act.
2018 Apr 21, Myanmar police
evicted the family of a police officer who had testified a day
earlier that he and others were ordered to entrap two Reuters news
agency reporters facing charges that could get them up to 14 years
2018 Apr 26, The European Union
extended its arms embargo against Myanmar, following human rights
violations in the country, and was preparing sanctions against
individual army officials.
2018 Apr 28, Firefighters in
Myanmar scrambled to put out a fire in a massive garbage dump on the
edge of its largest city, Yangon, as foul-smelling smoke from the
burning trash that injured dozens extended into its second week.
Some 600 firefighters and members of security forces have been
fighting the blaze since April 21.
2018 Apr 28, A UN Security
Council delegation arrived in Bangladesh to get a firsthand look at
the plight of some 700,000 Rohingya Muslims who have fled Myanmar to
escape military-led violence.
2018 Apr 29, A Myanmar police
spokesman said the police officer who testified that police framed
two Reuters reporters has been sentenced to an undisclosed prison
term for violating Myanmar's Police Disciplinary Act. Captain Moe
Yan Naing had told the court on April 20 that a senior officer had
ordered police to "trap" one of the two journalists arrested in
December. During that hearing, Moe Yan Naing told the court he had
been under arrest since the night of Dec. 12, the date the Reuters
reporters were arrested.
2018 Apr 29, In Bangladesh
Rohingya refugees made emotional pleas to the UN Security Council
for help to return safely to their homes in neighboring Myanmar and
for justice over the reason they fled - accusations of killings,
rapes and arson.
2018 Apr 30, In Myanmar members
of a UN Security Council team probing the country's crisis over its
ethnic Rohingya Muslim minority met with State Counsellor Aung San
Suu Kyi and military commander Senior Gen. Min Aung Hlaing after
2018 Apr 30, In Myanmar
thousands of people rallied in war-torn Kachin State to demand
humanitarian access for villagers trapped by fighting between
government forces and ethnic minority insurgents that has displaced
more than 5,000 people.
2018 Apr, Thousands of young
people in northern Myanmar staged one of the largest protests in
years, successfully urging authorities to rescue civilians caught up
in deadly fighting that threatens to unravel the country's fitful
2018 May 1, In Myanmar a
15-member UN Security Council delegation visited volatile areas of
Rakhine state, from where hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims
have fled military-led violence, to see firsthand the aftermath of
the army's crackdown as well as Myanmar's preparations for taking
back the refugees.
2018 May 2, In Myanmar the
judge in the trial of two Reuters journalists rejected a prosecution
request to throw out the testimony of police Capt. Moe Yan Naing,
who had told the court that the reporters, facing charges of
possessing state secrets, had been set up by the authorities.
2018 May 4, In northern Myanmar
a landslide of a mound of mining waste killed at least 14 people
near the Waikha mine in the jade mining region in Kachin state's
2018 May 9, Myanmar police
Captain Moe Yan Naing (47), now serving a one year prison sentence,
gave more details to a court about how he says two Reuters reporters
were framed by police.
2018 May 9, The UN Security
Council urged Myanmar's government to fulfill its commitment to hold
perpetrators of violence against Rohingya Muslims accountable and to
address the root causes that led about 700,000 members of the ethnic
minority to flee to Bangladesh.
2018 May 12, In Myanmar the
Ta'ang National Liberation Army (TNLA) rebel group fighting the
government launched an attack against the country's military in the
town of Muse, Shan state, leaving at least 15 people dead and 20
injured, including civilians. The group attacked a casino run by
militiamen and a Myanmar army post on the outskirts of Muse. Riot
police in Yangon used batons to break up a protest in support of
victims of fighting in the northern state of Kachin, arresting 17
organizers for disturbing the public and holding a protest without
(AP, 5/12/18)(Reuters, 5/12/18)(Reuters, 5/30/18)
2018 May 25, Bangladesh PM
Sheikh Hasina called for international pressure on Myanmar to take
back hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims who have sought
shelter in her country to escape military-led violence.
2018 May 29, The Trump
administration said ethnic cleansing targeting Rohingya Muslims in
Myanmar has not stopped despite growing condemnation from the
2018 May 30, In Myanmar
anti-war protesters urged government leader Aung San Suu Kyi to take
action against police who this month broke up a peace rally and
arrested them, and raised new concern about freedom of speech.
2018 May 30, At The Hague
hundreds of Rohingya victims appealed to judges at the International
Criminal Court to grant prosecutors jurisdiction to investigate
deportations from Myanmar to neighboring Bangladesh.
2018 Jun 2, Myanmar's National
Security Adviser Thaung Tun said his country is willing to take back
all 700,000 Rohingya Muslim refugees who have fled to Bangladesh if
they volunteer to return.
2018 Jun 5, In Myanmar defense
lawyers said that documents Myanmar police say they found on the
mobile phones of two Reuters reporters, arrested on Dec. 12 and
accused of possessing state secrets, were not confidential, because
the information was publicly available before they were arrested.
2018 Jun 6, Myanmar and UN
agencies signed an agreement that could eventually lead to the
return of some of the 700,000 Rohingya Muslims. The memorandum of
understanding promised to establish a "framework of cooperation"
that aims to create conditions for "voluntary, safe, dignified and
sustainable" repatriation of Rohingya refugees but does not address
Myanmar's denial of citizenship for the minority.
2018 Jun 10, In Armenia lawyer
Kyaw Hia Aung of Myanmar received the $1.1-million Aurora Prize for
humanitarianism, which was established on behalf of Armenian
survivors of a mass killing by Ottoman Turks. Aung has worked for
decades for decades to promote the rights of Myanmar's Rohingyas.
2018 Jun 11, A US
government-affiliated broadcaster (Radio Free Asia) that provides
news to countries in Asia where freedom of information is restricted
lost its local partner in Myanmar after refusing demands that it
stop using the term "Rohingya" to describe an oppressed Muslim
2018 Jun 21, Judges at the
International Criminal Court gave Myanmar a July 27 deadline to
respond to a prosecution request that they consider hearing a case
on the alleged deportation of Rohingya minorities to Bangladesh.
2018 Jun 21, UN envoy for
Myanmar Christine Schraner Burgener ended nine days of talks with
Myanmar's de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi and commander-in-chief
General Min Aung Hlaing among other officials. She told authorities
in Naypyidaw that credible measures were needed to establish
accountability for the violence that engulfed Rakhine state and
drove 700,000 Rohingya from their homes.
2018 Jun 25, The EU hit seven
top Myanmar security officials with sanctions over the Rohingya
crisis, accusing them of serious human rights violations including
killings and sexual violence.
2018 Jun 27, Amnesty
International released a report that detailed new evidence of
atrocities inflicted on Myanmar's Rohingya population and named 13
top military commanders the group says should be prosecuted for
crimes against humanity.
2018 Jun 28, Myanmar border
guards shot and injured a Rohingya boy (10) playing in a strip of a
no-man's land near the Bangladesh border.
2018 Jul 2, UN Secretary
General Antonio Guterres said he heard "unimaginable" accounts of
atrocities during a visit to Bangladesh's refugee camps and called
for Myanmar to be held responsible for "crimes" against the
2018 Jul 9, A court in Myanmar
charged jailed Reuters journalists reporters Wa Lone (32) and Kyaw
Soe Oo (28) with breaching the colonial-era Official Secrets Act,
which carries a maximum penalty of 14 years in prison, moving the
landmark press freedom case into its trial stage after six months of
2018 Jul 11, Myanmar's leader
Aung San Suu Kyi and the country's military commander opened a major
conference with representatives of ethnic minority groups to try to
move toward a lasting peace after seven decades of strained
relations and armed conflict.
2018 Jul 12, Myanmar police
arrested Ngar Min Swe, a prominent government critic, on suspicion
of violating sedition laws.
2018 Jul 14, In northern
Myanmar a landslide killed at least 15 people, with 45 others
injured after the latest disaster in the Hpakant jade mining region.
2018 Jul 19, The independent
group Fortify Rights said the Myanmar military systematically
prepared for attacks on Rohingya Muslims, confiscating knives and
other sharp-edged tools, arming and training non-Muslim civilians
and forcing Rohingya families to remove protective fences around
2018 Jul 21, Legal experts
commissioned by Save the Children Norway said Myanmar violated its
obligations to the UN child rights convention in its crackdown on
the Rohingya that led to an exodus of hundreds of thousands of
people from the minority community.
2018 Jul 23, In Myanmar
small-scale miners who flouted repeated warnings in their search for
jade at a defunct mining site were buried by muddy earth that slid
off a cliff. 27 people were buried in a landslide.
2018 Jul 26, In southeast
Myanmar floodwaters forced thousands from their homes, as
authorities and volunteers scrambled to provide food and aid to the
2018 Jul 29, A Myanmar official
said rising floodwaters have killed at least 10 people and forced
more than 54,000 from their homes across swathes of the country.
(AFP, 7/29/18)(Reuters, 7/29/18)
2018 Jul 30, Myanmar officials
said monsoon floods have killed at least 11 people and forced more
than 100,000 to flee their homes, as rescue workers ferried stranded
residents to safety by boat.
2018 Aug 1, Myanmar's National
Natural Disaster Management Committee reported that flooding has
killed 12 people and forced more than 132,000 others to take shelter
at nearly 300 temporary camps.
2018 Aug 9, Myanmar said a
request by the International Criminal Court (ICC) prosecutor to seek
jurisdiction over suspected deportations of Rohingya Muslims from
Myanmar to Bangladesh was "meritless and should be dismissed".
2018 Aug 16, In Myanmar the
Independent Commission of Enquiry held its first formal meeting in
the capital, Naypyitaw, a day after holding talks with the country's
leader, State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi.
2018 Aug 17, The US government
hit four Myanmar military commanders and two military units with
punitive sanctions, accusing them of "serious human rights abuses"
and "ethnic cleansing" in violently expelling minority Rohingya from
2018 Aug 21, Myanmar leader
Aung San Suu Kyi defended her government's actions in Rakhine state,
where about 700,000 Rohingya Muslims fled from a brutal
counterinsurgency campaign to neighboring Bangladesh. She said
terrorism, not social discrimination or inequality, triggered the
2018 Aug 27, Facebook banned
Myanmar's powerful military chief and 19 other individuals and
organizations from its site to prevent the spread of hate and
2018 Aug 27, UN investigators
said Myanmar's military carried out mass killings and gang rapes of
Muslim Rohingya with "genocidal intent" and the commander-in-chief
and five generals should be prosecuted for the gravest crimes under
2018 Aug 29, In central Myanmar
more than 50,000 people evacuated their homes after part of a dam
failed, inundating communities and damaging a bridge on a major
2018 Aug 30, A human rights
group said Myanmar has deliberately obstructed aid deliveries to
civilians in war-torn Kachin and northern Shan states, actions that
may amount to war crimes.
2018 Aug 30, In Nepal a two-day
summit of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical
and Economic Cooperation began in Kathmandu. Leaders of seven South
and Southeast Asian nations (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal,
Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Thailand) met to discuss regional trade,
economic cooperation, security and peace.
2018 Aug 31, Myanmar's armed
forces released 75 children and young people from military service.
Myanmar has now discharged 924 underage recruits since signing up to
a joint action plan on child soldiers with UN agencies in June 2012.
2018 Sep 3, In Myanmar
journalists Wa Lone (32) and Kyaw Soe Oo (28) were found guilty of
breaching the Official Secrets Act and sentenced to seven years in
2018 Sep 6, The Hague-based
International Criminal Court said it had jurisdiction to probe the
forced exodus of Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar as a possible crime
2018 Sep 7, Myanmar's
government rejected an International Criminal Court ruling that it
has jurisdiction to investigate allegations that its security forces
violated international law by driving hundreds of thousands of
Rohingya Muslims from their homes.
2018 Sep 9, Bangladesh's PM
Sheikh Hasina urged the global community, including the Islamic
Development Bank (IDB), to increase pressure on Myanmar to ensure
the repatriation of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims who
have fled a military crackdown.
2018 Sep 16, At least 100
Myanmar youth activists and journalists called for the release of
two jailed Reuters journalists, warning that the seven-year prison
terms handed to the pair this month threaten the public's right to
2018 Sep 18, UN-backed
investigators who examined a bloody crackdown by Myanmar security
forces that caused hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims to flee
to neighboring Bangladesh issued a searing critique of the United
Nations' own response to the human rights crisis. The members of a
fact-finding mission on Myanmar fleshed out preliminary findings and
recommendations released in a shorter version three weeks ago.
2018 Sep 20, British foreign
minister Jeremy Hunt called for justice on the Rohingya crisis after
his visit to Myanmar's Rakhine state, telling embattled leader Aung
San Suu Kyi the world "won't let it rest".
2018 Sep 24, Myanmar's army
chief warned against foreign interference as world leaders gather at
the UN to find ways to hold the country's powerful generals
accountable for atrocities against Rohingya Muslims last year.
2018 Sep 27, The UN's top human
rights body agreed to set up a team to collect evidence of alleged
crimes committed in Myanmar since 2011 that could one day be used to
prosecute violators in court.
2018 Oct 3, Indian police
bussed seven Rohingya Muslims to the border to be deported to
neighboring Myanmar for illegal entry. An estimated 40,000 Rohingya
live in India after having fled violence and persecution in
Buddhist-majority Myanmar's Rakhine state over the years.
2018 Oct 4, Authorities in
Myanmar destroyed an estimated $1.3 million worth of confiscated
ivory and other parts of endangered animals, days after a
conservation group charged that the country's ivory exports to China
2018 Oct 4, India deported
seven Rohingya Muslim men to Myanmar.
2018 Oct 10, Three senior
journalists at Myanmar's largest private newspaper were remanded in
custody after handing themselves in to police, facing accusations of
causing "fear or alarm" following a complaint from the Yangon
2018 Oct 14, In Myanmar several
thousand pro-military and nationalist demonstrators marched through
Yangon, voicing their support for Myanmar's armed forces and
government while condemning foreign involvement in the country's
affairs. Ultra-nationalist monk Wirathu, dubbed the "Buddhist Bin
Laden," condemned the international community for their calls to
bring Myanmar's generals to justice over the Rohingya crisis.
(AP, 10/14/18)(AFP, 10/14/18)
2018 Oct 26, A Myanmar judge
freed on bail three journalists from the country’s largest private
newspaper detained on incitement charges after publishing an article
that raised questions over government spending. Reporter Phyo Wai
Win, and two editors, Kyaw Zaw Lin and Nayi Min, were arrested on
Oct. 10 following a complaint by the regional government in the
commercial capital of Yangon.
2018 Oct 29, In Myanmar dozens
of striking workers from a Chinese-owned garment factory marched to
a government compound in Yangon, demanding to meet the city’s chief
minister, as part of efforts to get sacked colleagues reinstated.
2018 Oct 30, Bangladesh and
Myanmar agreed to begin by November the repatriation of hundreds of
thousands of Rohingya Muslims who fled to Bangladesh to escape a
Myanmar army crackdown, though doubts about a speedy return are
likely to persist.
2018 Oct, In Myanmar the Karen
National Union (KNU) and the Restoration Council of Shan State
(RCSS) withdrew from the 2015 Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA)
drawn up under Thein Sein.
(Econ., 8/22/20, p.31)
2018 Nov 3, Voters in several
parts of Myanmar went to the polls in 13 by-elections seen as a test
of support for leader Aung San Suu Kyi and her ruling party. The
party of Aung San Suu Kyi was defeated in six constituencies,
showing uneven support for her government after a string of
controversies. The ruling National League for Democracy (NLD) won at
least six seats to fill 13 of the 1,171 seats in national, regional
and state parliaments.
(AP, 11/3/18)(AFP, 11/4/18)(AP, 11/5/18)
2018 Nov 9, A Myanmar court
dismissed a case against three senior journalists from the country’s
largest private newspaper, after authorities in the city of Yangon
agreed to drop the charges.
2018 Nov 13, Malaysian PM
Mahathir Mohamed sharply criticized Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi
for her handling of an ethnic crisis that led to mass killings and
the exodus of more than 700,000 Rohingya Muslims from her country.
2018 Nov 13, UN human rights
boss Michelle Bachelet called on Bangladesh to halt plans to
repatriate 2,200 Rohingya refugees to Myanmar, warning that their
lives would be at "serious risk".
2018 Nov 14, Bangladesh
authorities said they are ready to begin repatriating some of the
more than 700,000 Rohingya Muslims who have fled from army-led
violence in Myanmar since last year, but refugees scheduled to leave
said they would refuse to go because of fears for their safety.
2018 Nov 18, Myanmar police
shot and injured four Rohingya Muslims, after detaining two men
accused of smuggling people out of a camp for displaced people in
western Rakhine state.
2018 Nov 26, In Bangladesh
Rohingya refugees from Myanmar began a protest demanding that
Bangladesh recognize their ethnicity as Rohingya and that officials
and aid agencies stop sharing their family information with Myanmar.
2018 Dec 7, A Myanmar court
jailed three activists for defaming the military during anti-war
protests, amid growing concern about a clamp-down on civil society.
Lum Zawng, Nang Pu, and Zau Jat were sentenced to six months in
prison and fined $320 each..
2018 Dec 12, In Myanmar several
dozen journalists and activists held a rally in Yangon to mark the
anniversary of the arrest of two reporters for the Reuters news
agency who are among a group of journalists being honored by Time
magazine as its "Person of the Year".
2018 Dec 17, In Myanmar Private
Aung Kyaw Thet went missing after his patrol was fired on from the
Bangladesh side of the border. His body was found on Dec. 21 with
gunshot wounds in his face, arm and leg. The identity of the
attackers was unknown and police were still investigating
2018 Dec 19, Facebook announced
its third and biggest purge of military-linked accounts in Myanmar,
where critics have charged that the social network did too little to
block inflammatory material that fueled communal hatred and
violence, particularly against the country's Muslim Rohingya
2018 Dec 21, The Myanmar
military announced a more than four-month cessation of its
activities in northern areas where it is fighting ethnic minority
insurgents, in what appeared to be a rare conciliatory move aimed at
kick-starting peace talks.
2018 Dec 21, The EU slapped
asset freezes and travel bans on seven more people accused of human
rights violations against the Rohingya minority in Myanmar. This
brings to 14 the total number of people in Myanmar under EU
sanctions for such abuses.
2018 Gambia got the backing of
the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) to take Myanmar to the
UN's Int'l. Court of Justice (ICJ).
(Econ., 1/2/21, p.46)
2019 Jan 1, Myanmar police
clashed with insurgents in the troubled western state of Rakhine.
One policeman was critically injured when border guard police were
attacked by about 30 men carrying "small and heavy arms" near
Saytaung, a village in the Buthidaung area.
2019 Jan 3, India deported a
second small group of Rohingya Muslims, five members of a family, to
Myanmar after ordering the expulsion of members of the Myanmar
minority group and others who entered the country illegally.
2019 Jan 4, In Myanmar thirteen
policemen were killed and nine injured in early morning attacks on
police outposts in Rakhine state by the insurgent Arakan Army, as
the country celebrated Independence Day. The AA was led by Twan Mrat
(AP, 1/4/19)(Reuters, 1/18/19)(Econ, 4/18/20,
2019 Jan 11, A court in Myanmar
rejected the appeal of two Reuters journalists convicted of
violating the country's Official Secrets Act during their reporting
on the country's crackdown on Rohingya Muslims, and maintained the
seven-year prison terms they were sentenced to last year.
2019 Jan 18, Myanmar’s army
said it has killed 13 rebel fighters in the western Rakhine State
between Jan. 5 and Jan. 16. Myanmar's military announced that the
Arakan Army, a Buddhist rebel group in Rakhine state, has been
classified a terrorist organization.
(Reuters, 1/18/19)(AP, 1/18/19)
2019 Jan 25, Yanghee Lee, the
UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in Myanmar, said Myanmar's
army chief should be prosecuted for genocide against the Rohingya
Muslim minority, adding that holding perpetrators to account for
crimes was necessary before refugees who fled the country could
2019 Jan 26, In Myanmar rainbow
flags flew high and gay anthems blasted out over Yangon’s river as a
flotilla of boats took to the water for the country’s first-ever
Pride boat parade in a sign of growing acceptance for LGBT rights.
2019 Jan 29, Myanmar's
parliament voted to create a committee to propose amendments to the
country's military-enacted constitution, which grants the armed
forces the power to block any change.
2019 Feb 5, In Bangladesh
Hollywood star Angelina Jolie visited sprawling camps that are home
to 1 million Rohingya refugees. She urged Myanmar to show a genuine
commitment to ending violence and displacement in its Rakhine state.
2019 Feb 7, Myanmar police
arrested 36 people outside the headquarters of Suu Kyi's National
League for Democracy party in the Kayah state capital of Loikaw
after police broke up the latest protest against a statue of Aung
San. Another 10 people were arrested the following day.
2019 Feb 12, Myanmar police
fired rubber bullets, tear gas and water cannon to disperse a
protest over a statue of independence hero General Aung San that is
opposed by members of the Karenni ethnic minority.
2019 Feb 15, In Myanmar the
Yangon Northern District Court found Kyi Lin guilty of premeditated
murder and illegal weapons possession in the Jan. 29, 2017, shooting
of Ko Ni at Yangon's airport. It also sentenced to death another man
for helping to plan the killing, and gave prison sentences to two
other men it said were also involved in the crime. A fifth suspect
accused of being the mastermind remains at large.
2019 Feb 27, In Myanmar
thousands of people rallied in Yangon in support of constitutional
reform, amid mounting tension between the ruling party and the
military over changes to the charter that enshrines the army’s role
2019 Mar 9, In Myanmar 60
Arakan Army insurgents attacked a police post late today in Rakhine
state, which was safeguarding question and answer sheets from the
national high school matriculation examination. Nine policemen were
reported killed in the attack.
2019 Mar 12, A document drawn
up by the World Food Program (WFP), labeled as a "Concept of
Operations," outlined how the UN organization and its partners "may
facilitate the identification, staging, forward movement, reception,
and sustainment of (Rohingya) refugees" on Bhasan Char, Bangladesh,
estimating an initial appeal for donor funding of between $8.6 and
2019 Mar 19, In Myanmar at
least six people were wounded in gunfire as government soldiers
hunted ethnic Rakhine insurgents in the western town of Mrauk U.
2019 Mar 21, In Myanmar six
villagers were killed and five injured in Rakhine state late today
amid clashes between government troops and ethnic Rakhine rebels.
2019 Mar 21, Human Rights Watch
reported that authorities in China and Myanmar are failing to stop
the brutal trafficking of young women, often teenagers, from the
conflict-ridden Kachin region for sexual slavery.
2019 Mar 26, Myanmar's Supreme
Court agreed to rule on an appeal filed by lawyers for Reuters
journalists Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo sentenced to seven years in
prison for their reporting on Myanmar's brutal crackdown on Rohingya
2019 Apr 3, In Myanmar six
Rohingya Muslims were killed and nine wounded in an aerial attack in
the western state of Rakhine. Myanmar's military later said they
were affiliated with an armed rebel group. A local laborer said they
were bamboo workers.
2019 Apr 9, In western Myanmar
three people were killed and seven civilians abducted in an attack
on a police installation late today. Authorities blamed the attack
on the Arakan Army rebel group.
2019 Apr 11, It was reported
that Chevron Corp will put a focus on human rights in Myanmar under
an agreement with an investor group that had urged it to pay more
attention to violence in the Asian nation where the US oil company
2019 Apr 15, Myanmar police
arrested four members of the Peacock Generation "thangyat" troupe
after they broadcasted a live show on Facebook during traditional
New Year celebrations. Thangyat is a centuries-old tradition of
performance that often lampoons ruling powers and social foibles.
2019 Apr 17, In Myanmar more
than 9,500 prisoners were ordered released under a presidential
amnesty, but they did not include two Pulitzer Prize-winning Reuters
2019 Apr 22, In northern
Myanmar more than 50 people were believed to have died late today in
a mudslide at a jade mining site in the Hpakant area of Kachin
2019 Apr 23, Myanmar's Supreme
Court rejected the final appeal of two Reuters journalists and
upheld seven-year prison sentences for their reporting on the
military's brutal crackdown on Rohingya Muslims.
2019 Apr 24, Myanmar police
raided a 20-acre hemp site and detained US national John Fredric
Todoroki, (63) and two Myanmar nationals under an anti-narcotics
law. It was unclear whether Myanmar law distinguishes hemp from
marijuana. A lawyer said Todoroki had received official permission
to establish the hemp plantation.
2019 Apr 26, Myanmar began
releasing prisoners after the president announced he would pardon
nearly 7,000 people in addition to thousands released earlier this
2019 Apr 29, Myanmar State
Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi arrived in Cambodia for an official
visit to strengthen ties between the countries.
2019 Apr 29, The European Union
said it is prolonging by a year an embargo on any arms that could be
used in security crackdowns in Myanmar as well as sanctions against
14 top military and border officials.
2019 May 2, Myanmar security
forces shot dead at least six people in the troubled western state
of Rakhine, after soldiers and police detained hundreds of people at
2019 May 7, Myanmar pardoned
and released Reuters journalists Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo from
prison. They had been arrested in December 2017 while working on a
story about security forces involved in killing Rohingya and were
accused of illegally possessing official documents.
2019 May 14, A UN fact-finding
mission said the world must cut off financial and other support for
Myanmar's armed forces, repeating a call for top generals to be
prosecuted for abuses against the Rohingya Muslim minority.
2019 May 29, Myanmar police
said a court has issued an arrest warrant for Buddhist monk Wirathu,
known for incendiary comments about the country's Muslim minority
and for criticism of the government.
2019 Jun 11, Thai officials
discovered 65 ethnic Rohingya Muslim refugees who were shipwrecked
and stranded in southern Thailand.
2019 Jun 22, Malaysia said the
perpetrators of violence against Myanmar's Rohingya minority must
"be brought to justice", in sharp comments delivered at a normally
tame (ASEAN) regional summit.
2019 Jul 2, A United Nations
investigator said Burmese security forces and insurgents are
committing human rights violations against civilians in restive
western states that may amount to fresh war crimes.
2019 Jul 28, In Myanmar a
landslide at a jade mine in Kachin State killed 14 people including
at least one policemen in the early hours today as earth and mud
engulfed a guard post. Four people were missing and feared dead.
2019 Aug 5, United Nations
investigators urged world leaders to impose targeted financial
sanctions on companies linked to the military in Myanmar, and said
foreign firms doing business with them could be complicit in
international crimes. The investigators identified at least 59
foreign companies with some form of commercial ties to the Myanmar
2019 Aug 6, Myanmar's foreign
ministry denounced a United Nations report that urged world leaders
to cut ties with military-linked companies and impose an arms
embargo over the Rohingya crisis, saying it was intended to harm the
2019 Aug 7, A Myanmar court
jailed an Australian publisher for 13 years on drugs charges, a year
after police uncovered a stash of methamphetamines and opium at his
home. Ross Dunkley (62) was arrested along with business partner
John Mackenzie and several Myanmar women in a June 2018 bust in
2019 Aug 9, In Myanmar a
landslide killed at least 32 people and dozens remained missing in
Thaphyu Kone village, southern Mon state. The death toll soon
climbed to 56. Some 38,000 were reported settled in evacuation
centers following recent monsoon flooding.
(Reuters, 8/10/19)(SFC, 8/13/19, p.A2)
2019 Aug 15, Myanmar insurgents
killed at least 15 people, most of them members of the security
forces, in attacks on the Defence Services Technological Academy in
Pyin Oo Lwin in western Shan state and four other government
2019 Aug 16, Bangladeshi and UN
officials said Myanmar and Bangladesh are making a second attempt to
start repatriating Rohingya Muslims after more than 700,000 of them
fled a security crackdown in Myanmar almost two years ago.
2019 Aug 17, A Myanmar army
spokesman and a witness said one rescue worker was killed and
several others were wounded when an ambulance came under fire in the
north amid clashes between troops and ethnic rebels in the region.
2019 Aug 20, Officials from the
UN refugee agency and Bangladesh's government say few Muslim
Rohingya refugees have responded to plans for their repatriation to
Myanmar, and all who did say they don't want to go back.
2019 Aug 21, Myanmar government
officials said more than 2,000 people have been forced to flee from
their homes, and 19 have been killed, since fighting broke out
between government troops and ethnic minority insurgents in the
north last week.
2019 Aug 21, A Bangladeshi
refugee official said the heads of some 200 Rohingya families
interviewed by officials from the UN refugee agency and the
government have told them they will not go back to Myanmar unless
their demands for citizenship and safety are ensured.
2019 Aug 22, In Bangladesh no
Rohingya Muslims staying in crowded refugee camps turned up for a
planned repatriation to Myanmar because they want to be guaranteed
safety and citizenship first.
2019 Aug 22, A UN report
charged that sexual violence carried out by Myanmar's security
forces against the country's Muslim Rohingya minority was so
widespread and severe that it demonstrates intent to commit genocide
as well as warrants prosecution for war crimes and crimes against
2019 Aug 25, In Bangladesh tens
of thousands of Rohingya refugees marked the second anniversary of
their exodus from Myanmar into Bangladesh by rallying, crying and
praying as they demanded that Myanmar grant them citizenship and
other rights before they agree to return.
2019 Sep 16, A special UN
fact-finding mission has urged that Myanmar be held responsible in
international legal forums for alleged genocide against its Muslim
2019 Oct 9, A new study by the
World Health Organization said more than one-third of women in
Ghana, Guinea, Myanmar and Nigeria had been abused during child
birth in health centers.
(SFC, 10/10/19, p.A4)
2019 Oct 16, Burmese (Myanmar)
fishermen spotted a total of 23 sacks of crystal meth floating in
the Andaman Sea and mistook it for a deodorant substance. Police the
next day combed a beach and found an additional two sacks of the
same substance - bringing the total to 691 kg (1,500 pounds) which
would be worth about $20.2 million.
(The Telegraph, 10/20/19)
2019 Oct 26, In Myanmar the
Arakan Army abducted more than 50 people, most of them members of
the security forces in Rathedaung township, Rakhine state, in the
latest escalation of violence in the region where it has been
fighting government troops for months.
2019 Oct 27, In Myanmar the
Arakan Army said government troops sunk several boats carrying
dozens of soldiers and police officers taken hostage by the rebels a
day earlier. Many deaths were reported.
2019 Oct 30, A Myanmar court
sentenced five members of a traditional theatrical troupe to a year
in prison for their gibes about the military.
(SFC, 8/31/19, p.A2)
2019 Nov 3, Speaking in
Thailand at a meeting of ASEAN leaders UN Secretary-General Antonio
Guterres expressed concern over the plight of the 730,000 Muslim
Rohingya refugees from Myanmar's Rakhine state, calling on Myanmar's
government to take responsibility by dealing with the "root causes"
of their flight to Bangladesh and working toward their safe
2019 Nov 11, Gambia filed a
case at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) accusing Myanmar of
committing genocide against its Rohingya Muslim minority, drawing
praise from human rights groups and Rohingya activists. The Gambia
filed the lawsuit on behalf of the Organization of Islamic
Cooperation, a coalition of 57 countries with significant Muslim
2019 Nov 14, The International
Criminal Court at The Hague said that it had approved a prosecution
request to investigate crimes against humanity against Myanmar's
Rohingya minority who were systematically driven across the border
2019 Nov 18, A Myanmar judge
extended the sentences of the Peacock Generation troupe, a group of
satirical performers jailed for mocking the military, in a case that
has raised new concern about freedom of expression. A court in
Yangon added another year under the same charge.
2019 Dec 1, In Myanmar about
700 people rallied to show support for Aung San Suu Kyi, as she
prepares to defend the country against charges of genocide at the
UNs highest court.
2019 Dec 9, Canada and the
Netherlands put out a joint statement in support of Gambia, the
tiny, mainly Muslim West African country that filed the suit in
which the Buddhist-majority Myanmar is accused of genocide against
its Rohingya Muslim minority a day before genocide hearings begin at
the International Court of Justice in The Hague.
2019 Dec 10, The United States
blacklisted four Myanmar military leaders, including the
commander-in-chief, in the toughest action taken yet by Washington
for alleged human rights abuses against the Rohingya and other
2019 Dec 11, At The Hague Nobel
Peace Prize winner and former political prisoner Aung San Suu Kyi
denied that Myanmar's armed forces committed genocide, telling the
United Nation's top court that the mass exodus of Rohingya people
from the country she leads was the unfortunate result of a battle
2019 Dec 12, At The Hague
lawyers seeking to halt what they allege is ongoing genocide in
Myanmar slammed leader Aung San Suu Kyi’s defense of her country’s
armed forces, saying that the Nobel Peace Prize winner and former
pro-democracy icon chose to ignore “unspeakable" crimes targeting
2019 Dec 27, The UN General
Assembly approved a resolution strongly condemning human rights
abuses against Myanmar’s Rohingya Muslims and other minorities,
including arbitrary arrests, torture, rape and deaths in detention.
2019 Thant Myint-U (b.1966),
US-born Burmese historian, authored "The Hidden History of Burma."
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thant_Myint-U)(Econ, 3/14/20, p.27)
2020 Jan 17, Chinese President
Xi Jinping touched down in Myanmar's capital on a state visit aimed
at buttressing the embattled government of Aung San Suu Kyi and
driving through multi-billion-dollar infrastructure deals.
2020 Jan 18, China and
neighboring Myanmar agreed to expedite several projects designated
as part of the pan-Eurasia Belt and Road Initiative in a sign of
growing ties between both countries.
2020 Jan 23, At The Hague the
International Court of Justice ordered Myanmar take all measures in
its power to prevent genocide against the Rohingya.
2020 Jan 25, In Myanmar two
women, one pregnant, were killed and seven other people injured
after Myanmar troops shelled a Rohingya village in Rakhine state.
2020 Jan 31, The Trump
administration announced that it was restricting immigrants from six
additional countries that officials said failed to meet minimum
security standards, as part of an election-year push to further
clamp down immigration. Immigrants from Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar,
Eritrea, Nigeria, Sudan and Tanzania will face new restrictions in
obtaining certain visas to come to the United States.
2020 Feb 9, Hundreds of Myanmar
nationalists rallied in the country's commercial capital in a show
of support for the military, amid tensions between the civilian
government and the army ahead of elections expected later this year.
2020 Feb 13, In Myanmar at
least 19 children were wounded when at a primary school was hit by
shelling in Rakhine state. A military spokesman put the number of
wounded at 20, and blamed the insurgents for the attack.
2020 Feb 20, China said it was
helping its downstream neighbors cope with a prolonged drought by
releasing more water from its dams on the Mekong River, adding it
would consider sharing information on hydrology to provide further
assistance in the future. The drought over the past year has
severely hurt farming and fishing in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar,
Thailand and Vietnam.
2020 Feb 21, Myanmar's army
said in a statement it would hold more court-martials over alleged
abuses against Rohingya Muslims, after a government-appointed
commission said soldiers committed war crimes against the minority.
2020 Feb 21, Financial Action
Task Force (FATF), an international financial watchdog, placed
Myanmar on its money-laundering watchlist, urging the country at the
heart of Asia's illicit drug-producing "Golden Triangle" to boost
its efforts to seize crime proceeds.
2020 Feb 29, In Myanmar at
least five ethnic Rohingya were killed and several injured after
troops clashed with insurgents in the conflict-torn western state of
2020 Mar 11, Myanmar's
parliament rejected a proposed constitutional amendment that would
have allowed the country's de facto leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, to
officially become president.
2020 Mar 12, The US military
repatriated what may be the remains of service personnel who were
lost in action in Burma during WWII. More than 72,000 Americans in
all remain unaccounted for from WWII, more than 7,800 from the
Korean war and 1,585 from the conflict in Vietnam.
(SFC, 3/13/20, p.A2)
2020 Mar 23, Myanmar's
government designated the Arakan Army as a terrorist organization
and blocked access to several news websites that reported on
conflicts in Rakhine and Chin states.
(Econ, 4/18/20, p.26)
2020 Mar 30, Myanmar
authorities arrested Nay Myo Lin, editor of the the independent
Voice of Myanmar news site on terrorism charges for publishing an
interview with a rebel army spokesman.
(SFC, 4/4/20, p.A2)
2020 Apr 17, Myanmar announced
that it was releasing of 25,000 prisoners under a presidential
amnesty marking the New year Thingyan holiday. Myanmar has reported
85 confirmed cases of the coronavirus and four deaths.
(SFC, 4/18/20, p.A2)
2020 Apr 20, A Myanmar
government health worker was injured and his driver killed when
their UN-marked vehicle was ambushed as they carried COVID-19 test
samples in conflict-ridden Rakhine state.
2020 Apr 24, China closed its
border with my after fighting in Myanmar spilled into Yunnan
(SFC, 4/25/20, p.A2)
2020 Apr 29, A UN human rights
expert said that Myanmar might be committing more war crimes against
its ethnic minority populations.
(The Week, 4/30/20)
2020 May 16, In Myanmar at
least 200 buildings were set on fire in the Rohingya village of Let
Kar in Rakhine state’s Mrauk-U township. The burning of villages was
a tactic used on a large scale by the military in Rakhine in 2017.
2020 May 18, The UN Office on
Drugs and Crime said narcotics police in Myanmar have seized a large
amount of liquid fentanyl, providing the first evidence that the
synthetic opioid is being produced in quantity in Southeast Asia’s
infamous Golden Triangle region. The raids were carried out between
Feb. 20 and April 9 in Kutkhai township of Shan state.
2020 Jun 28, The UN called for
"urgent measures to spare civilians" in Myanmar's conflict-wracked
northwest, saying fighting has intensified between the army and
2020 Jun 30, Myanmar's military
announced that three officers were found guilty by a court martial
investigating atrocities against Rohingya Muslims in conflict-ridden
Rakhine state. No details were provided on the perpetrators, their
crimes, or sentences.
2020 Jul 2, In northern Myanmar
at least 162 people were killed in a landslide at a jade mine, the
worst in a series of deadly accidents at such sites in recent years
that critics blame on the government's failure to take action
against unsafe conditions.
2020 Sep 8, Human rights group
Fortify Rights said two soldiers who deserted from Myanmar’s army
have testified on video that they were instructed by commanding
officers to “shoot all that you see and that you hear" in villages
where minority Rohingya Muslims lived.
2020 Sep 11, Myanmar reported
115 new coronavirus cases, a day after imposing sweeping new
lockdown measures in its battle on a second wave of infections. The
country's tally stands at 2,265 cases and 14 deaths after infections
quadrupled over the last month.
2020 Oct 8, Facebook said it
had closed accounts in multiple countries, from government or
military-linked networks it said were spreading disinformation. This
included 17 pages, 50 accounts and six Instagram accounts from
2020 Oct 10, In Myanmar new
coronavirus exceeded 2,000 for the first time. the 2,158 cases
raised that total to 26,064 since March with 598 total deaths.
(SSFC, 10/11/20, p.A7)
2020 Oct 14, In Myanmar three
elections candidates from the ruling national league for Democracy
were abducted by an unknown armed group in Rakhine state.
(SFC, 10/15/20, p.A2)
2020 Nov 8, Myanmar held
general elections, just the second democratic vote since military
rule ended in the country in 2011. The National League for Democracy
(NLD) party of Myanmar’s civilian leader, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, won
the country’s elections. Officials prevented many voters from ethnic
minority groups from casting ballots.
(AP, 11/8/20)(NY Times, 11/11/20)(Econ.,
2020 Nov 11, In Myanmar the
army-backed Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) demanded
that the election commission "hold a new election again, cooperating
with the military."
(Econ., 11/14/20, p.38)
2020 Dec 8, Myanmar has seen a
spike in infections with total cases topping 100,000 this week and
over 2,000 deaths, adding to pressure on a health system heavily
dependent on volunteers.
2020 Dec 21, Myanmar closed off
public gardens, parks and a lake in its biggest city Yangon, hoping
to prevent a spike in coronavirus cases during year-end holidays.
Myanmar has recorded more than 116,000 infections and 2,443 deaths.
2021 Jan 22, Myanmar received
1.5 million doses of a COVID-19 vaccine supplied by India to
inoculate 750,000 people, the first vaccine batch delivered to the
Southeast Asian country as it fights one of the worst COVID-19
outbreaks in the region.
2021 Feb 1, Myanmar’s military
launched a coup against the country’s elected government and
detained the civilian leader, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. A military
television network announced a one-year state of emergency with
ultimate authority transferred to the army chief, Senior Gen. Min
2021 Feb 2, Facebook Inc said
it had removed a page linked to Myanmar's military-owned TV network
after a coup this week by the country's military leaders.
2021 Feb 3, A court in Myanmar
charged the country’s deposed leader, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, with an
obscure infraction that could land her in prison for up to three
years: illegally importing at least 10 walkie-talkies.
(NY Times, 2/3/21)
2021 Feb 4, Myanmar's
government t blocked access to Facebook as resistance to the Feb. 1
coup surged amid calls for civil disobedience.
(SFC, 2/5/21, p.A5)
2021 Feb 4, The United Nations
Security Council "expressed deep concern at the declaration of the
state of emergency imposed in Myanmar by the military" and called
for the immediate release of Myanmar's leader Aung San Suu Kyi and
others who have been detained.
2021 Feb 5, In Myanmar hundreds
of students and teachers took to the streets to demand the military
hand power back to elected politicians, as resistance to a coup
swelled with demonstrations in several parts of the country, even in
the tightly controlled capital.
2021 Feb 6, Myanmar's new
military junta cut all internet access. The junta had ordered the
blockage of Facebook and other social media platforms in recent
days. Facebook called on authorities to unblock access to social
2021 Feb 6, Australia's foreign
ministry said in a statement late today that it was "deeply
concerned about reports of Australian and other foreign nationals
being detained arbitrarily in Myanmar." Sean Turnell, an Australian
economic adviser to Myanmar's Aung San Suu Kyi, said in a message
that he was being detained.
2021 Feb 7, Tens of
thousands of people took to the streets across Myanmar for the
second consecutive day to protest last week's military coup and show
support for the country's elected leader Aung San Suu Kyi, who is
under house arrest. Internet access was restored.
2021 Feb 8, Myanmar's military
leader said his junta would hold a new election and hand power to
the winner as tens of thousands of people took to the streets for a
third day to protest against the coup that overthrew Aung San Suu
Kyi's civilian government. Senior General Min Aung Hlaing repeated
claims that last November's poll, won by Suu Kyi's National League
for Democracy, had been fraudulent. The military outlawed rallies
and gatherings of more than five people, along with motorized
processions. An 8 p.m. to 4 a.m. curfew was imposed for areas of
Yangon and Mandalay, where thousands of people have been
demonstrating since Feb. 6.
(Reuters, 2/8/21)(AP, 2/9/21)
2021 Feb 11, In Japan thousands
of people from Myanmar sang songs and waved glow sticks as they
gathered in Tokyo to protest the military coup in their home
2021 Feb 12, In Myanmar
supporters of ousted leader Aung San Suu Kyi clashed with police as
hundreds of thousands joined nationwide pro-democracy demonstrations
in defiance of the junta's call to halt mass gatherings. A group of
50 businesses in Myanmar criticized new cyber laws proposed by the
junta, saying they would contravene human rights, violate data
privacy and curtail innovation.
2021 Feb 12, The 47-member UN
Human Rights Council adopted a resolution calling on Myanmar to
release Suu Kyi and other officials from detention and refrain from
using violence onprotesters. The UN human rights office said more
than 350 people, including officials, activists and monks, havebeen
arrested in Myanmar since the Feb. 1 coup.
2021 Feb 13, Mass street
demonstrations in Myanmar entered their second week, with neither
protesters nor the military government they seek to unseat showing
any signs of backing down from confrontations. Military leaders
suspended a law that limits security forces and ordered the arrests
of prominent backers of the anti-coup protests taking place across
(AP, 2/13/21)(Reuters, 2/13/21)
2021 Feb 14, In Myanmar
sightings of armored personnel carriers Yangon and leaked orders of
an impending internet shutdown raised political tensions late today,
after vast numbers of people around the country flouted orders
against demonstrations to protest the military’s seizure of power.
Myanmar’s military sent soldiers into the streets to shut down
anti-coup protests and surround the houses of government workers who
had joined the demonstrations.
(AP, 2/14/21)(NY Times, 2/14/21)
2021 Feb 15, Malaysia's
government said it will repatriate 1,200 Myanmar migrants next week
despite a military coup in their home country, but has assured that
they will not include minority Muslim Rohingya refugees or those
registered with the UN refugee agency.
2021 Feb 16, It was reported
that police in Myanmar have filed a new charge against ousted leader
Aung San Suu Kyi, in a move that may allow her to be held
indefinitely without trial as part of an intensifying crackdown by
authorities who seized power in a coup.
2021 Feb 17, In Myanmar tens of
thousands of demonstrators flooded the streets of Yangon, in one of
largest protests yet of a coup, despite warnings from a UN human
rights expert that recent troop movements could indicate the
military was planning a violent crackdown.
2021 Feb 18, State railway
workers in Myanmar continued to strike despite a police rampage the
previous night targeting them in a sign of the military junta's
concern over growing civil disobedience by public workers protesting
the coup. Tom Andrews, the independent UN human rights expert on
Myanmar, said three-quarters of the country’s civil servants were on
strike, all private banks were closed and the protests have weakened
the economy significantly.
2021 Feb 19, In Myanmar Mya
Thwet Khine (19) died from her wounds after being shot in the head
by police on Feb. 9. This was the first confirmed death among
thousands of protesters who have faced off against security forces
since the junta took power on Feb. 1.
(SFC, 2/20/21, p.A3)
2021 Feb 20, In Myanmar two
anti-coup demonstrators were shot dead by riot police in Mandalay.
Several other serious injuries were also reported.
(SSFC, 2/21/21, p.A6)
2021 Feb 21, In Myanmar a call
for a general strike was made by the Civil Disobedience Movement, a
loosely organized group leading resistance to the army's coup.
Protesters gathered at rallies across the nation.
(SFC, 2/22/21, p.A2)
2021 Feb 21, Facebook deleted
the main page of the Myanmar military under it standards prohibiting
the incitement of violence, a day after two protesters were killed
when police opened fire at a demonstration against the Feb 1 coup.
2021 Feb 22, In Myanmar more
than a thousand protesters gathered in Yangon, but left after 20
military trucks with riot police arrived. Factories, workplaces and
shops were shuttered across the country in response to a call for a
(SFC, 2/23/21, p.A2)
2021 Feb 22, The Indian
coastguard reached a drifting boat carrying 90 Rohingya refugees in
the Andaman Sea and gave some food and water. Passengers said at
least eight people had died onboard over the weekend.
(The Telegraph, 2/24/21)
2021 Feb 23, Myanmar held some
696 people arrested in relation to the Feb. 1 coup.
(SFC, 2/24/21, p.A3)
2021 Feb 25, In Myanmar
supporters of the militay junta attacked people protesting the Feb.
1 coup. Several demonstrators were injured.
(SFC, 2/26/21, p.A5)
2021 Feb 26, Myanmar's UN
Ambassador Kyaw Moe Tun, speaking for the country's elected civilian
government ousted in a military coup on Feb. 1, appealed to the
United Nations "to use any means necessary to take action against
the Myanmar military" to restore democracy to the Southeast Asian
2021 Feb 26, In Myanmar at
least three people there were injured, including two who were shot
in the chest by rubber bullets and another who suffered what
appeared to be a bullet wound to his leg.
2021 Feb 27, Police in Myanmar
launched their most sweeping crackdown in three weeks of nationwide
protests against military rule, arresting hundreds of people and
shooting and wounding at least one person.
2021 Feb 27, Kyaw Moe Tun,
Myanmar's United Nations envoy in New York, vowed to fight after the
junta fired him for urging countries to use "any means necessary" to
reverse a Feb. 1 coup that ousted the nation's elected leader Aung
San Suu Kyi.
2021 Feb 28, Myanmar police
fired on protesters earlier today in the bloodiest day of weeks of
demonstrations against a coup and at least 18 people were killed.
2021 Mar 1, Myanmar police
fired tear gas at defiant crowds in Yangon who returned to the
streets to protest last month's coup, despite reports that security
forces had killed at least 18 people a day earlier.
2021 Mar 2, Myanmar's
ambassador to the United Nations in New York formally staked his
claim as the country's legitimate representative in letters to the
UN General Assembly president and US Secretary of State Antony
2021 Mar 3, In Myanmar a
military crackdown against protesters killed at least 38 people, the
deadliest day since last month’s coup.
(NY Times, 3/4/21)
2021 Mar 3, Tin Maung Naing,
Myanmar's deputy UN ambassador, resigned. He was assigned by the
military to head the country’s mission to the United Nations after
the ambassador strongly opposed their recent coup.
2021 Mar 3, Blacklist Myanmar
was launched on Android as a guidebook for shoppers who want to
avoid firms whose sales benefit Myanmar’s armed forces. Blacklist
Myanmar also allows users to submit new suggestions for businesses
to boycott via an in-app email function.
(The Daily Beast, 3/5/21)
2021 Mar 5, Demonstrators
defied growing violence by Myanmar security forces and staged more
anti-coup rallies. It was reported that at least 19 Myanmar police
officers have crossed the border into India in the latest sign of
growing dissent within the security forces and civil service
officials who are opposed to the military coup. Zaw Myo was fatally
shot in Mandalay as the 26-year-old and other residents sought to
protect a march by a group of engineers.
(AP, 3/5/21)(The Telegraph, 3/5/21)
2021 Mar 5, Myanmar authorities
asked India to return several police officers who sought refuge to
avoid taking orders from a military junta that seized power in the
Southeast Asian country last month.
2021 Mar 5, The UN special
envoy for Myanmar called for urgent Security Council action to
reverse Myanmar’s military coup, saying about 50 peaceful protesters
were killed in the military’s worst crackdowns this week and scores
more were seriously injured.
2021 Mar 5, YouTube said it has
removed five channels run by Myanmar’s military for violating its
2021 Mar 6, Myanmar police
reportedly used tear gas and stun grenades to break up an anti-coup
protest in Yangon, one of several sporadic demonstrations across the
2021 Mar 7, Police in Myanmar’s
ancient former capital, Bagan, opened fire on demonstrators
protesting last month’s military takeover, wounding several people.
Khin Maung Latt (58), a ward chairman from Aung San Suu Kyi’s
National League for Democracy party, which was ousted from power in
the coup, was found dead in a military hospital this morning by
fellow residents of his Pabedan neighborhood.
2021 Mar 8, In Myanmar three
people were killed at demonstrations against last month's military
coup. The United Nations human rights office voiced deep concern at
the fate of 200 peaceful protesters trapped by Myanmar's security
forces in Yangon and called for them to be allowed to leave in
safety without reprisals.
2021 Mar 9, In Myanmar about a
thousand demonstrators emerged cautiously onto the streets of
Yangon. Zaw Myat Lin, a school principal involved in the protest
movement, died from unknown causes after being taken into custody by
security forces. More than 1,850 people have been arrested in
connection with the protests.
(SFC, 3/10/21, p.A2)
2021 Mar 9, In Myanmar Nathan
Maung, a US citizen, and Hanthar Nyein, co-founders of the Myanmar
news website Kamayut Media, were arrested by the military junta.
(SFC, 6/3/21, p.A4)
2021 Mar 10, Rakuten-owned
messaging app Viber said it was stopping all advertising in Myanmar
temporarily, after a Reuters story found it had recently run adverts
for a military-backed telecoms firm there.
2021 Mar 10, The UN Security
Council agreed on a statement that condemns violence against Myanmar
protesters and urges military restraint, but dropped language
condemning the army takeover as a coup and threatening possible
further action due to opposition by China, Russia, India and
2021 Mar 11, Myanmar security
forces fatally shot at least 10 people protesting against last
month’s military coup.
2021 Mar 12, Police in Myanmar
fired rubber bullets and tear gas at protesters in the country's two
largest cities and elsewhere, as authorities continued their harsh
crackdown on opponents of last month's military coup.
2021 Mar 12, It was reported
that Myanmar's first satellite is being held on board the
International Space Station following the Myanmar coup, while
Japan's space agency and a Japanese university decide what to do
2021 Mar 13, Security forces in
Myanmar again met protests against last month’s military takeover
with lethal force, killing at least 11 people by shooting live
ammunition at demonstrators.
(AP, 3/13/21)(Reuters, 3/13/21)
2021 Mar 14, In Myanmar
thousands of people gathered to protest in Yangon. They scattered
and ran as the sound of gunfire rang out yet again. At least 38
people were reported killed. Myanmar's ruling junta declared martial
law late today in six townships of Yangon.
(CBS News, 3/14/21)(SFC, 3/16/21, p.A2)
2021 Mar 16, In Myanmar at
least two people protesting last month's military coup were reported
shot and killed by security forces after a morning of peaceful
marches in parts of the country. The families of dozens of people
killed in demonstrations against military rule attended their
(AP, 3/16/21)(Reuters, 3/16/21)
2021 Mar 17, A UN team of
investigators on Myanmar appealed for people to collect and preserve
documentary evidence of crimes ordered by the military since a Feb.
1 coup, in order to build future cases against its leaders.
2021 Mar 18, In Myanmar Maung
Waik, a construction magnate with links to the military rulers, said
he personally gave more than half a million dollars to deposed
leader Aung San Suu Kyi in a broadcast on state TV aimed a
discrediting the ousted civilian government.
(SFC, 3/19/21, p.A5)
2021 Mar 18, It was reported
that Thai authorities are bracing for a surge of refugees from
Myanmar and have set aside areas to shelter more than 43,000 people
in Mae Sot district. Myanmar's security forces have killed at least
217 people in their crackdown against opposition to last month's
2021 Mar 19, In Myanmar two
more journalists were detained as part of the junta's efforts to
choke off information about the resistance to last month's coup.
Protester's were back on the streets a major media group reported
that 7 people were killed in the town of Aungban.
(SFC, 3/20/21, p.A2)
2021 Mar 21, Demonstrators in
Myanmar maintained their dogged opposition to military rule despite
a rising death toll, with two more people killed as the junta
appeared equally determined to resist growing pressure to
2021 Mar 22, In Myanmar
security forces clashed with protesters. Social media suggested that
several protesters were killed and numerous others injured. The BBC
said journalist Aung Thura, detained on March 19, has been released.
(SFC, 3/23/21, p.A3)
2021 Mar 24, Myanmar's ruling
military junta released hundreds of people arrested in its crackdown
on protesters demanding a return to democratic rule. Several buses
took prisoners out of Yangon's Insein Prison. AP journalist Thein
Zaw has been released from custody in Myanmar after he was arrested
three weeks ago while covering a protest against the coup.
(Reuters, 3/24/21)(Axios, 3/24/21)
2021 Mar 25, In Myanmar 11
people were killed as protests continued against the military coup.
(SFC, 3/27/21, p.A2)
2021 Mar 25, Britain announced
sanctions against the Myanma Economic Holdings Public company
Limited, which provides financial sustenance to Myanmar's army
(SFC, 3/26/21, p.A2)
2021 Mar 25, The United States
imposed what it calls its most significant sanctions to date over
the military coup in Myanmar, restricting American dealings with two
giant Myanmar military holding companies that dominate much of that
2021 Mar 27, Myanmar's security
forces shot and killed at least 64 people across the country during
protests today as the military celebrated Armed Forces Day. The
online news site Myanmar Now reported that the death toll had
(Reuters, 3/27/21)(AP, 3/27/21)
2021 Mar 27, The defense chiefs
of 12 countries, including the US, issued a joint statement
condemning Myanmar's military and security forces for its crackdown
on anti-coup demonstrators.
2021 Mar 28, In Myanmar at
least nine people were killed as protests continued against the Feb.
1 military coup. About 3,000 villagers from territory controlled by
the Karen fled across the border to Thailand after Myanmar military
aircraft dropped bombs on a Karen guerrilla position.
2021 Mar 29, Thai soldiers
began sending home people from Myanmar who had crossed the border
fleeing air strikes by the Myanmar military. Thousands of people had
fled to northern Thailand following the air strikes.
(SFC, 3/30/21, p.A2)
2021 Mar 29, The Biden
administration announcing a suspension of trade with Myanmar.
Activists and witnesses said at least three more people were killed
amid news protests in Yangon. At least 462 civilians have been
killed since the generals seized control of the country.
(CBS News, 3/29/21)
2021 Mar 30, In eastern Myanmar
air raids left six civilians dead and 11 wounded. The Karen National
Union said government troops are advancing into its territory on all
fronts. Thailand denied that its security forces had forced
villagers back to Myanmar.
(SFC, 3/31/21, p.A2)
2021 Mar 31, The UN special
envoy for Myanmar warned that the country faces the possibility of
civil war “at an unprecedented scale" and urged the UN Security
Council to consider “potentially significant action" to reverse the
Feb. 1 military coup and restore democracy.
2021 Apr 1, The UN Security
Council late today strongly condemned the use of violence against
peaceful protesters in Myanmar.
2021 Apr 2, Myanmar's wireless
broadband internet services were shut down by order of the military.
Protesters continued to defy the threat of lethal violence to oppose
the junta's takeover.
2021 Apr 2, German-based
Giesecke+Devrient (G+D), which supplies raw materials, supplies and
system components for making Myanmar's kyat banknotes, said it was
suspending all deliveries to the state-owned security printer,
Security Print Works.
2021 Apr 2, A South Korean bank
said it has temporary closed its branch in Yangon and was
considering bringing its South Korean employees back home after
security forces fatally shot one of its Myanmar employees.
2021 Apr 3, The death toll in
Myanmar continued to mount as security forces opened fired on
anti-coup protesters amid the military's months-long crackdown on
dissent. Security forces killed at least two people and injured
seven others as they opened fire on protesters in Monywa.
2021 Apr 4, In Myanmar
demonstrators took to the streets holding painted eggs. Security
forces opened fire on protesters in Pyinmana killing at least one
(SFC, 4/5/21, p.A2)
2021 Apr 6, Myanmar police and
soldiers arrested Zarganar (60), the country's best-known comedian,
as the government continued to crack down on people they accuse of
helping incite nationwide protests.
(SFC, 4/7/21, p.A4)
2021 Apr 7, Myanmar security
forces stormed the town of Kalay in the northwest where some
residents had used homemade hunting rifles to form a self-defense
force. Security forces killed at least 11 civilians and injured many
2021 Apr 8, An information
blackout under Myanmar's military junta worsened as fiber broadband
service, the last legal way for ordinary people to access the
internet, became intermittently inaccessible on several networks.
2021 Apr 9, Security forces in
Myanmar cracked down heavily again on protesters against the
military's seizure of power, even as the ruling junta downplayed
reports of state violence. At least 82 people were killed in Bago,
about 100 km (60 miles) northeast of Yangon. An attack by government
troops and police began before dawn and continued sporadically until
(AP, 4/9/21)(Axios, 4/10/21)
2021 Apr 9, Ousted Myanmar
lawmakers urged the UN Security Council to take action against the
military over a Feb. 1 coup as an independent think tank warned the
15 council members that the Asian state was on the brink of
collapse. The US ambassador to the UN urged the international
community to take “concrete action" against the military in Myanmar
including an arms embargo and sanctions against its holding
companies and those who profit from them.
(Reuters, 4/9/21)(AP, 4/9/21)
2021 Apr 10, In Myanmar an
estimated 60 civilians were killed overnight outside of Yangon,
Myanmar, as protests against the military's Feb. 1 coup continued
across the country. The AAPP and Myanmar Now news outlet said that
82 people were killed during the protest.
(The Week, 4/10/21)(Reuters, 4/10/21)
2021 Apr 11, The Myanmar
military’s bloody crackdown on the nationwide resistance to its rule
showed no sign of easing, with a human rights group reporting that
the death toll across the country had passed 700.
(NY Times, 4/12/21)
2021 Apr 15, It was reported
that the European Union has agreed to impose sanctions on another 10
individuals linked to the Feb. 1 coup in Myanmar and to target two
businesses run by the armed forces for the first time in protest at
the military takeover.
2021 Apr 17, Myanmar's junta
released 23,184 prisoners from jails across the country under a New
Year amnesty. Few if any democracy activists arrested since a Feb. 1
coup were thought to be among them.
2021 Apr 19, Myanmar security
forces used violence against demonstrators who sought to celebrate
last week's formation of a shadow government to serve as an
alternative to the military junta that has held power since a
February coup. One person was reported killed in Irrawady in
addition one person killed there a day earlier.
(SFC, 4/20/21, p.A4)
2021 Apr 22, The United Nations
said food insecurity is rising sharply in Myanmar in the wake of the
military coup and deepening financial crisis with millions more
people expected to go hungry in coming months.
2021 Apr 23, Protesters against
Myanmar’s military coup returned to the streets of downtown Yangon,
defiantly chanting their opposition to the army’s seizure of power
as the junta chief prepared to attend a meeting of Southeast Asian
leaders on the country’s crisis.
2021 Apr 26, Protesters in
Myanmar’s largest city braved potential violence by security forces
to demonstrate against February’s military coup, showing their
resolve to continue their resistance two days after Southeast Asian
leaders met to address the country’s crisis.
2021 Apr 27, The Karen National
Union (KNU), Myanmar's oldest rebel group, said its fighters had
taken the army camp on the west bank of the Salween river. Myanmar's
military launched air strikes on a village and outpost near the Thai
border, after Karen insurgents attacked the army post in some of the
worst clashes since a Feb. 1 coup.
2021 Apr 30, The UN Office for
the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said that armed
conflict and insecurity in large areas of Myanmar are impeding its
operations there. A UN report said political turmoil and disruptions
following the coup in Myanmar could undo years of progress and
double the number of its people living in poverty to nearly half the
2021 Apr 30, The UN Security
Council again demanded the restoration of democracy in Myanmar and
the release of all detainees including Aung San Suu Kyi and strongly
backed calls by Southeast Asian nations for an immediate cessation
of violence and talks as a first step toward a solution following
the Feb. 1 military coup.
2021 May 3, In northern Myanmar
the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) claimed to have shot down a
government military helicopter during heavy fighting in Momauk
(SFC, 5/4/21, p.A2)
2021 May 5, It was reported
that Myanmar’s security forces are arresting and forcibly
disappearing thousands of people, especially boys and young men, in
a sweeping bid to break the back of a three-month uprising against a
2021 May 5, More than 200
global organizations urged the UN Security Council to impose an arms
embargo on Myanmar, saying the time for statements has passed and
immediate action is needed to help protect peaceful protesters
against military rule and other opponents of the junta.
2021 May 8, Myanmar's
state-controlled media reported that the military junta has branded
the National Unity Government, a terrorist group. The rival
opposition operates under cover.
2021 May 12, Myanmar sentenced
online reporter Min Nyo (51) to three years in prison under a
recently revised provision in the Penal Code.
(SFC, 5/14/21, p.A6)
2021 May 13, Myanmar's junta
imposed martial law in Mindat and then stepped up attacks on what it
called "armed terrorists".
2021 May 14, Thai PM Prayuth
Chan-ocha promised a UN special envoy that he will not force back
people fleeing violence in neighboring Myanmar, where the military
ousted a democratically elected government in February.
2021 May 15, Myanmar's army
battled local militia fighters in the northwestern town of Mindat to
try to quell a rebellion that has sprung up to oppose the junta
which seized power in the Southeast Asian country in February.
2021 May 16, Pope Francis at a
special Mass for the Myanmar community in Italy said the people of
Myanmar must not despair in the face of evil or allow themselves to
2021 May 21, The head of
Myanmar’s military-appointed state election commission said that his
agency will consider dissolving Aung San Suu Kyi's former ruling
party for alleged involvement in electoral fraud and having its
leaders charged with treason.
2021 May 22, It was reported
that more than 125,000 school teachers in Myanmar have been
suspended by the military authorities for joining a civil
disobedience movement to oppose the military coup in February.
2021 May 24, In Myanmar Daniel
Fenster (37), a US citizen and managing editor of Frontier Myanmar,
one of the country's top independent news sites, was detained at the
main international gateway in Yangon while preparing to fly to
Malaysia. Consular officers from the US Embassy in Yangon soon
sought to visit Fenster, but were not allowed access.
2021 Jun 1, In Myanmar no more
than a quarter of the country's more than 12 million pupils enrolled
for the new school year amid a protest boycott against military rule
and in the wake of a series of bombings.
2021 Jun 9, A UN expert said at
least one-quarter of the people in Myanmar's smallest state have
been forced to flee their homes because of combat with the military
junta that seized power in February. He called for international
pressure on the junta to deprive it of the resources.
2021 Jun 11, UN human rights
chief Michelle Bachelet warned of a military buildup in parts of
Myanmar and rising violence, with the army using heavy weapons
against armed groups as well as civilian targets, including
2021 Jun 15, The Karenni
National Defence Force (KNDF), a militia group in Myanmar's
conflict-torn Kayah State, announced a halt to attacks on military
targets, after appeals from local communities to cease fighting that
had damaged homes and displaced more than 100,000 people.
2021 Jun 18, In Myanmar at
least two explosions rocked a neighborhood in Yangon killing two
people and destroying a military truck.
(SFC, 6/19/21, p.A3)
2021 Jun 19, In Myanmar
supporters of detained leader Aung San Suu Kyi wore flowers in their
hair and paraded with them at street demonstrations as she marked
her 76th birthday locked up by the generals who overthrew her.
2021 Jun 19, Myanmar’s Foreign
Ministry rejected a UN General Assembly resolution calling for an
arms embargo against the Southeast Asian nation and condemning the
military's February seizure of power.
2021 Jun 21, Myanmar's
junta-controlled health ministry reported 595 cases of COVID-19 as
daily infections hit the highest since the army seized power in a
coup that prompted many medical workers to abandon the health
service and anti-coronavirus program.
2021 Jun 22, In Myanmar at
least eight people were killed in a shootout in Mandalay between
security forces and militants opposed to army rule.
(SFC, 6/23/21, p.A2)
2021 Jun 29, Researchers said
the military takeover in Myanmar has given the junta full control of
the country’s lucrative and conflict-ridden jade mining, providing
it with profits and leverage for consolidating power.
2021 Jul 2, The Biden
administration hit 22 senior Myanmar officials and family members
with sanctions over the government’s crackdown on democracy protests
after the coup. The action was accompanied by the removal of
sanctions on three Iranian industrial executives whom the Trump
administration penalized for supporting Iran’s ballistic missile
2021 Jul 3, In Myanmar
protesters burned mock coffins and pictures of army ruler Min Aung
Hlaing in the latest demonstrations against the coup over five
months ago that has plunged the Southeast Asian country into chaos.
2021 Jul 4, Myanmar's health
ministry reported a daily record of 2,318 new cases of COVID-19, as
well as 35 deaths.