Timeline Palestine (A)  thru 2000

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The West Bank is about 2,300 sq. miles. Gaza at 140 square miles is about the size of Wichita, Kansas. In 2014 some 1.8 million inhabited Gaza, a coastal strip about 25 miles long.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.B12)(WSJ, 6/19/07, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/3/07, p.A14)(Econ, 7/19/14, p.41)

8000BC    Tel Sultan, an archaeological dig, indicated that Jericho was first settled about this time.
    (AP, 10/1/10)

7000BC    Stone masks, dating to about this time, were later discovered in the Judean desert and hills near Jerusalem. In 2014 eleven stone masks were put on exhibit and offered a rare glimpse at some of civilization's first communal rituals.
    (AP, 3/11/14)

2500BC    Tel Es-Sakan (hill of ash) was the largest Canaanite city between Palestine and Egypt about this time. By 2017 Gaza's Hamas rulers systematically destroyed the work since seizing power a decade ago, allowing the flattening of this hill on the southern tip of Gaza City to make way for construction projects, and later military bases.
    (AP, 10/6/17)

1800BC    In 2016 the Israel Antiquities Authority unveiled a "unique" 3,800-year-old figurine showing a seated person, apparently deep in thought. It was discovered recently in excavations at Yehud, east of Tel Aviv.
    (AFP, 11/23/16)

1700BC    Canaanites, before the Hebrew conquest, built a massive wall about this time when Jerusalem was a small, fortified enclave. Archeologists first discovered the 26-foot-high wall in 1909 and later believed it to have been part of a protected passage built from a hilltop fortress to a nearby spring that was the city's only water source and vulnerable to marauders.
    (AP, 9/3/09)

1600BC    A gate in a curved wall in Shekhem city was built by skilled engineers around this time. The king of Shekhem, Labaya, is mentioned in the cuneiform tablets of the Pharaonic archive found at Tel al-Amarna in Egypt, which are dated to the 14th century BC. The king had rebelled against Egyptian domination, and soldiers were dispatched north to subdue him, but failed. Romans later abandoned the original site and built a new city to the west, calling it Flavius Neapolis. The Greek name Neapolis, or "new city," later became enshrined in Arabic as Nablus. A German team began excavating at the site in 1913.
    (AP, 7/22/11)

1200BC    The Philistines arrived by sea from the area of modern-day Greece about this time. They went on to rule major ports at Ashkelon and Ashdod, now cities in Israel, and at Gaza, now part of the Palestinian territory known as the Gaza Strip. In 2014 Eric Cline, an archaeologist from George Washington University, authored "1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed".
    (AP, 7/8/11)(AP, 7/3/19)

1020 BC - 980 BC    Radiocarbon dating on burnt olive pits found in the ancient city of Khirbet Qeiyafa, 19 miles (30km) southwest of Jerusalem, indicate it existed between during this period, before being violently destroyed. In 2012 archaeologists reported the discovery of shrines from the fortified city, providing the earliest evidence of a Biblical cult.

930BC        Sheshonq I, ruler of Egypt, campaigned in Palestine about this time laying tribute upon the king of Judah.

830BC        The Philistine city of Gath was razed. It appears to have been the work of the Aramean king Hazael, an incident mentioned in the Book of Kings.
    (AP, 7/8/11)

710BC        Hanunu of Gaza was in the revolt against the king of Assyria which led to the battle of Raphia, the first struggle between Egypt and Assyria. Hanunu, the king of Gaza, fled to Sebako (Shebaka), king of Egypt; but returned and, having made submission, was received with favor.

c700BC    King Hezekiah constructed a 1,750-foot tunnel to bring water into Jerusalem. Archeologists in 2003 dated plant fragments in the tunnel's plaster to this time +/- 100 years.
    (SFC, 9/11/03, p.A6)

604BC        Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon invaded and put the Philistines' cities to the sword. There is no remnant of them after that.
    (AP, 7/8/11)

586BCE    Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, ruler of Mesopotamia, destroyed Jerusalem and recorded his deeds at the Nahr al Kalb (Dog River) cliff face between Beirut and Byblos. He destroyed the first Temple, built by Solomon and took the Jewish people into captivity.
    (NG, Aug., 1974, p.157)(SFC, 12/31/96, p.A11)(Econ, 12/20/03, p.26)
586BCE    Ezekial, in exile at Babylon, described Tyre as it was before Nebuchadnezzar's attack in the Bible: (Ezekial 27:1-25). This time is known as the "Babylonian Captivity."
    (NG, Aug., 1974, p.162)(eawc, p.8)

15BCE        King Herod of Judea built the coastal settlement of Caesarea. It was razed to the ground in 1265.
    (Econ, 4/24/04, p.83)

c1-30        The life of Jesus Christ. In 1998 "The Acts of Jesus -- What Did Jesus Really Do? The Search for the Authentic Jesus" was published with translation and commentary by Robert W. Funk, director of the Westar Institute and The Jesus Seminar. In 2001 Philip Jenkins authored "Hidden Gospels: How the Search for Jesus Lost Its Way," in which he examines the motives and methodologies of radical biblical scholars.
    (SFEM, 4/19/98, p.6)(WSJ, 4/30/01, p.A16)

30        Apr 30, Jesus of Nazareth was crucified [see 33AD]. Christ died on hill of Golgotha, Jerusalem. His path along the Via Dolorosa was later disputed as to whether he was tried by Pontius Pilate at the palace of Herod or at the Roman fortress of Antonia. His death was at an abandoned quarry, the site of today’s Church of the Holy Sepulchre. In 1998 Robert Funk and the Jesus Seminar published "The Acts of Jesus: The Search for the Authentic Deeds of Jesus." The group had published an earlier work "The Five Gospels," in which the sayings of Jesus were examined. In 1999 Thomas Cahill authored "Desire of the Everlasting Hills," a book about Jesus and his effect on the world. In 2010 Paul Johnson authored “Jesus: A Biography From a Believer." Also in 2010 Philip Pullman authored “The Good Man Jesus and the Scoundrel Christ," in which he proposes that Jesus and Christ were twin brothers.
    (SFC, 3/27/97, p.C2)(SFEC, 4/12/98, BR p.8)(HN, 4/30/98)(WSJ, 11/5/99, p.W12)(Econ, 4/3/10, p.85)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_Jesus)
30         When the Roman governor of Palestine was confronted by an angry Jewish crowd demanding the execution of the leader of a small, radical religious        movement, like Socrates, he cross-examined him. When he asked him if he was a king, the man replied, "To this end I was born, and for this cause I came into the world, to bear witness to the truth. Everyone that belongs to the truth will        hear me." The governor, being a Roman, answered as any educated Roman would. For Pontius Pilate had been raised on the Greek and Roman skeptical traditions that denied that there was anything like certain truth, only probable        knowledge. So, as any other Roman would have done, he asked the question, "What is truth?," but received no answer. In 2000 Ann Wroe authored the historical novel "Pontius Pilate."
    (WWW, WC, 8/15/98)(SFEC, 5/21/00, Par p.19)

30        Dismas was the repentant thief crucified with Christ.
    (WSJ, 11/2/98, p.B1)

c30        Lazarus lived in Cyprus as a bishop after the miracle by Christ.
    (NH, 4/97, p.62)

c30        Easter [in commemoration of the resurrection of Christ] is generally observed on the Sunday following the first full moon of spring.
    (PacDis, Spring/'94, p. 40)

33        Apr 3, Christ was crucified (according to astronomers Humphreys and Waddington). The date is highly debated. See April 30, 30AD.
    (Econ, 4/23/11, p.64)

c62-63        James, the "brother" of Jesus, was stoned to death for teaching the divinity of Christ. He had led the church in Jerusalem for the 3 decades following the death of Jesus. In 2002 a stone ossuary, looted from a Jerusalem cave, was found with an Aramaic inscription that read "James, son of Joseph, brother of Jesus." In 1997 Robert Eisenman authored "James, the Brother of Jesus." In 2003 Hershel Shanks and Ben Witherington III co-authored "The Brother of Jesus: The Dramatic Story & Meaning of the First Archeological Link to Jesus & His Family."
    (SFC, 10/22/02, p.A12)(SSFC, 4/20/03, p.E2)

65CE        Jun 8, Jews revolted against Rome, capturing the fortress of Antonia in Jerusalem.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

69CE        Sep 1, Traditional date for the destruction of Jerusalem. [see Aug 29 70CE]
    (MC, 9/1/02)

70CE        Aug 29, The Temple of Jerusalem burned after a nine-month Roman siege. The Second Temple of Jerusalem was destroyed by Rome’s 10th Legion and the Jews there were exiled. In the Jewish War the Israelites tried unsuccessfully to revolt against Roman rule. The destruction buried the shops that lined the main street. Archeologists in 1996 found numerous artifacts that included bronze coins called prutot. Carpenters from Israel’s Antiquities Authority used manuscripts of the Roman master builder Vitruvius to reconstruct contraptions used in the construction of the temple.
    (SFC, 5/23/95, p.A-10)(SFC, 8/28/96, p.A10)(WSJ, 6/22/98, p.A20)(HN, 8/29/98) (SFEC, 3/28/99, p.T11)

70CE        Jun 5, Titus & his Roman legions breached the middle wall of Jerusalem.
    (MC, 6/5/02)

70CE        Sep 27, The walls of upper city of Jerusalem were battered down by Romans.
    (MC, 9/27/01)

82CE        Jul 27, Joseph of Arimathea, died and was buried in tomb he once lent to Jesus.
    (MC, 7/27/02)

c100CE    Raban Gamliel in the first century is credited with arranging the Amidah, considered by many to be the most important prayer in the Jewish liturgy. Raban Gamliel was the most influential Rabbi in the period following the destruction of the Temple. This was a time when many different rabbis each had their own individual domains.

129        Roman Emp. Hadrian visited Jerusalem. In 2014 archeologists discovered a large stone with Latin engravings bearing the name of Hadrian and the year of his visit.
    (SFC, 10/22/14, p.A3)

309        Feb 16, Pamphilus Caesarea, Palestinian scholar, martyr, was beheaded.
    (MC, 2/16/02)

326-330    The Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem was built by the Roman emperor Constantine. The church was rebuilt under Justinian (527-565).
    (SFC, 12/26/96, p.B2)(WSJ, 4/5/02, p.A1)

335        Byzantine Emperor Constantine built the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem on the hill of Golgotha, where his mother claimed to have found the remains of the True Cross. It was raised by the Persians in 614, reconstructed and again destroyed by Caliph Hakim of Egypt in 1009. It was rebuilt by the Crusaders.
    (WSJ, 1/27/07, p.W13)

363        May 18, The Ashkelon basilica, dating to the reign of Herod the Great, was abandoned following a devastating earthquake. Marble from the building was later reused in new buildings under the Abbasid (750–1258 A.D.) and Fatimid (909–1171 A.D.) caliphates. British archaeologist John Garstang originally discovered the basilica during an expedition with the Palestinian Exploration Fund in the 1920s, but the site was then reburied.

420        Sep 30, Jerome, also known as Jerome of Stridon, died in Bethlehem. He was a Latin priest, confessor, theologian, and historian and is commonly known as Saint Jerome. Jerome focused his attention on the lives of women and identified how a woman devoted to Jesus should live her life.

614        Christian Palestine was invaded by the Persians. The 5th century monastery of St. Theodosius east of Beit Sahour near Bethlehem was destroyed by the Persians.
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, p.T3)(WSJ, 4/5/02, p.W12)

628        Apr 3, In Persia, Kavadh sued for peace with the Byzantines. He handed back Armenia, Byzantine Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine and Egypt.
    (HN, 4/3/99)

632-661    The Rashidun Caliphate, also known as the Rightly Guided Caliphate, comprising the first four caliphs in Islam's history, was founded after Muhammad's death. At its height, the Caliphate extended from the Arabian Peninsula, to the Levant, Caucasus and North Africa in the west, to the Iranian highlands and Central Asia in the east. It was the one of the largest empires in history up until that time.

634        Sophronius (74), Christian monk, was elected patriarch and political ruler of Jerusalem.
    (ON, 7/03, p.3)

636        Nov, The Siege of Jerusalem began as part of a military conflict between the Byzantine Empire and the Rashidun Caliphate. It began when the Rashidun army, under the command of Abu Ubaidah, besieged Jerusalem. After six months, the Patriarch Sophronius agreed to surrender, on condition that he submit only to the Caliph. In April 637, Caliph Umar traveled to Jerusalem in person to receive the submission of the city. The Patriarch thus surrendered to him.

636        Jul 23, Arabs gained control of most of Palestine from Byzantine Empire.
    (MC, 7/23/02)

638        Mar 11, Sophronius of Jerusalem, saint, patriarch of Jerusalem, died.

691        The Dome of the Rock mosque was built in Jerusalem. It contained inscriptions that later were held as the 1st evidence of the Koran.
    (SFC, 3/2/02, p.A15)

749        Dec 4, John of Damascus (b.~676), a Christian Arab theologian, died at the Mar Saba monastery near Jerusalem. He is considered "the last of the Fathers" of the Eastern Orthodox church and is best known for his strong defense of icons.
    (Econ, 3/30/13, p.80)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_of_Damascus)

1009        Oct 18, Al-Hakim ordered the destruction of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem and its associated buildings, apparently outraged by what he regarded as the fraud practiced by the monks in the "miraculous" Descent of the Holy Fire, celebrated annually at the church during the Easter Vigil.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Hakim_bi-Amr_Allah)(WSJ, 5/7/01, p.A20)(WSJ, 1/27/07, p.W13)

1033        An enormous pilgrimage to Jerusalem marked the 1000th anniversary of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
    (SFC, 1/6/97, p.A3)

1065        Apr 12, Pilgrims under bishop Gunther of Bamberg reached Jerusalem.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1095        Nov 26, Pope Urban urged the faithful to wrest the Holy Land from the Muslims, heralding start of Crusades.
    (AP, 11/26/02)

1099        Jun 5, Knights and their families on the First Crusade witnessed an eclipse of the moon and interpreted it as a sign from God that they would recapture Jerusalem.
    (HN, 6/5/99)

1099        Jun 12, Crusade leaders visited the Mount of Olives where they met a hermit who urged them to assault Jerusalem.
    (HN, 6/12/99)

1099        Jul 8, In Jerusalem 15,000 starving Christian soldiers marched around barefoot while the Muslim defenders mocked them from the battlements.
    (HN, 5/23/99)

1099        Jul 13, The Crusaders launched their final assault on Muslims in Jerusalem.
    (HN, 7/13/99)

1099        Jul 15, Jerusalem fell to the crusaders following a 7 week siege. A massacre of the city's Muslim and Jewish population followed with the dead numbered at about 3,000.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.109)(HN, 7/15/98)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.E3)

1099        Jul 16, Crusaders herded the Jews of Jerusalem into a synagogue and set it afire.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1099        Aug 12, At the Battle of Ascalon 1,000 Crusaders, led by Godfrey of Bouillon, routed an Egyptian relief column heading for Jerusalem. The Norman Godfrey, elected King of Jerusalem, had assumed the title Defender of the Holy Sepulcher. Disease starvation by this time reduced the Crusaders to 60,000, down from an initial 300,000, and most of the survivors left for home.
    (HN, 8/12/99)(PC, 1992, p.88)

1113        Feb 13, Pope Paschal II issued a papal bull recognizing the Knights of Malta as independent from bishops or secular authorities. The order traces had establishment an infirmary in Jerusalem that cared for people of all faiths making pilgrimages to the Holy Land.
    (AP, 2/5/13)

1118        Apr 2, Boudouin I of Bologne and Edessa, 1st crusader, king of Jerusalem, died.
    (MC, 4/2/02)

1118        The military order of the Poor Knights of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon was founded in Jerusalem to protect pilgrims in the Holy Land following the First Crusade. The Knights Templar were founded to protect pilgrims in the Holy Land during the second Crusade.
    (AHD, 1971, p.724)(AP, 10/12/07)

1144        The Saracens recaptured the crusader’s castles along the Palestine coast.

1174        Jul 11, Amalric I, king of Jerusalem, died.
    (ON, 6/07, p.5)

1174        Jul 15, Baldwin (13), son of Amalric I, was crowned Baldwin IV, king of Jerusalem.
    (ON, 6/07, p.5)

1177        Aug 2, Philip of Flanders arrived in Acre. A Christian army under the joint command of Philip of Flanders and Raymond of Tripoli marched west to campaign against the Muslims around Tripoli.
    (ON, 6/07, p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_of_Flanders)

1177        Nov 18, Saladin marched north from Egypt with 26,000 light cavalry intent on capturing the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
    (ON, 6/07, p.5)(www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_ramleh.html)

1177        Nov 25, Baldwin of Jerusalem and his armored knights encountered the Muslim army of Saladin below the castle of Montgisard and defeated them in a surprise attack.
    (ON, 6/07, p.6)

1180        The Kingdom of Jerusalem under Baldwin IV reached a truce with Egypt under Saladin.
    (ON, 6/07, p.6)

1185        Mar, Baldwin IV (23), king of Jerusalem, succombed to his leprosy.
    (ON, 6/07, p.6)(http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article-9356429/Baldwin-IV)

1187        Oct 2, Sultan Saladin captured Jerusalem from Crusaders.

1191        Jul 12, Richard Coeur de Lion and Crusaders defeated the Saracens at Acre.
    (MC, 7/12/02)

1191        Aug 20, Crusader King Richard I (1157-1199), Coeur de Lion (the "Lionheart"), executed some 2,700-3,000 Muslim prisoners in Acre (Akko).
    (MC, 8/20/02)

1229        Mar 18, German emperor Frederick II crowned himself king of Jerusalem.
    (MC, 3/18/02)

1237        Mar 23, Jan of Brienne, King of Jerusalem, Emperor of Constantinople, died.
    (SS, 3/23/02)

1244        Oct 17, The Sixth Crusade ended when an Egyptian-Khwarismian force almost annihilated the Frankish army at Gaza.
    (HN, 10/17/98)

1265        The coastal settlement of Caesarea (Palestine) was razed to the ground.
    (Econ, 4/24/04, p.83)

1267        Sep 1, Ramban (Nachmanides) arrived in Jerusalem to establish a Jewish community.
    (SC, 9/1/02)

1291        May 18, Acre, the last major stronghold of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, fell to the hands of Al-Ashraf Khalil and his forces from Egypt and Syria after a siege of 43 days. It had been in the hands of the Franks for 100 years. Egyptian Mamelukes (Mamluks) occupied Akko (Acre). The crusaders were driven out of Palestine. Khalil, al-Ashraf Salah ad-Din, the Mamluk King, conquered Akko and put an end to the Crusader’s rule in the Holy Land.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Acre_%281291%29)(Arch, 7/02, p.19)

1626        Dec 1, Pasha Muhammad ibn Farukh, tyrannical governor of Jerusalem, was driven out.
    (MC, 12/1/01)

1750        Acre, a former stronghold of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, was re-built by the Ottoman Turks around this time, effectively preserving the earlier town, which had been destroyed in 1291 and hidden for centuries under rubble.
    (AP, 6/22/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Acre_%281291%29)

1757        The Greek Orthodox clergy wrested control of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. Ottoman rulers declared a status quo for the holy sties of the city and control of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher was split primarily among the Latin, Greek and Armenian patriarchates of Jerusalem and secondarily among the churches of Egypt, Syria and Ethiopia. This arrangement was formalized in 1852.
    (WSJ, 1/27/07, p.W13)

1799        Mar 6, Napoleon captured Jaffa, Palestine. [see Mar 7]
    (MC, 3/6/02)

1799        Mar 7, In Palestine, Napoleon captured Jaffa and his men massacred more than 2,000 Albanian prisoners. [see Mar 26]
    (HN, 3/7/99)

1799        Mar 19, Napoleon Bonaparte began the siege of Acre ( later Akko, Israel), which was defended by Turks.
    (AP, 3/19/03)

1799        Mar 26, Napoleon Bonaparte captures Jaffa, Palestine. [see Mar 7]
    (HN, 3/26/99)

1799        Apr 14, Napoleon called for establishing Jerusalem for Jews.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1799        May 20, Napoleon Bonaparte ordered a withdrawal from his siege of St. Jean d'Acre in Egypt. Plague had run through his besieging French forces, forcing a retreat. Napoleon, in pursuance of his scheme for raising a Syrian rebellion against Turkish domination, appeared before Acre, but after a siege of two months (March–May) was repulsed by the Turks.
    (HN, 5/20/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acre,_Israel)

1836        Sep 1, Reconstruction began on Synagogue of Rabbi Judah Hasid in Jerusalem.
    (MC, 9/1/02)

1847        George Bush, a professor of Hebrew at New York Univ., authored “The Valley of Vision," in which he called on the US government to militarily wrench Palestine from the Turks and return it to the Jews.
    (WSJ, 6/2/07, p.P8)

1856        A Turkish imperial edict lifted a ban on Christian bell-ringing in Jerusalem, whnich at this time was part of the Ottoman empire. The British were given the honor of erecting the city’s first outdoor bell since the crusades.
    (Econ, 1/5/13, p.35)
1856        The Church of St. Anne in Jerusalem's walled Old City was gifted by the Ottomans to French Emperor Napoleon III.
    (Reuters, 1/22/20)

1859        Russia purchased the Alexander courtyard in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 1/22/20)

1863        Frenchman Felicien de Saulcy excavated an underground burial complex in one of the first modern-era archaeological digs in the Holy Land. He mistakenly identified the tomb as belonging to biblical kings. He took two sarcophagi found inside the "Tomb of Kings," as well as human remains, back to Paris despite protest by the local Jewish community, where they were held in the Louvre's collection.
    (AP, 11/8/19)

1878        A French Jewish woman purchased the Tomb of Kings property through the French consul in Jerusalem, and eight years later one of her heirs donated it to the French government.
    (AP, 11/8/19)

1880        Palestinian nun Sister Maria Alfonsina Danil Ghattas (1843) and Father Joseph Tannous co-founded the Sisters of the Most Holy Rosary of Jerusalem. In 2009 she was beatified, an important step toward sainthood.
    (www.zenit.org/article-26823?l=english)(SFC, 11/23/09, p.A2)
1880        Jordan, Lebanon and Palestine were part of Syria under Ottoman rule.
    (Econ, 5/27/06, p.80)

1882        In Russia the Imperial Orthodox Palestine Society was founded to support Russian pilgrimages to the Holy Land.
    (Econ, 12/19/09, p.84)

1888        In Jerusalem the Mary Magdalene convent was consecrated. Its decoration was overseen by Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna, consort to Russia’s Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich, the brother of Tsar Alexander III.
    (Econ, 12/19/09, p.82)

1890        In Jerusalem a small tract known as Sergei's Courtyard, named for Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich, a son of Czar Alexander III, was built. It became part of the larger Russian Compound, most of which Israel purchased in 1964, when Israel paid $3.5 million in oranges because it lacked hard currency. In 2008 Israel approved handing back Sergei's Courtyard to Russia. The actual transfer took place in 2011.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Compound)(AP, 10/7/08)(AP, 3/21/11)

1896        Feb 14, Theodor Herzl published "Der Judenstaat," in which he called for a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
    (SFC, 4/30/02, p.A8)(MC, 2/14/02)

1901        The Jewish National Fund was founded to buy and develop land in Palestine (later Israel) for Jewish settlement.

1909        Apr 11, Tel Aviv began as a suburb of Jaffa. While Palestine was still under Ottoman rule, sixty-six Jewish families took possession of lots in Karm al-Jabali, on the northern outskirts of the ancient port city of Jaffa near the Mediterranean coast amidst dunes, vineyards, and orchards. There they established a “garden suburb" called Ahuzat Bayit (“Homestead"), which in 2010 was renamed Tel Aviv, or Hill of Spring.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tel_Aviv)(http://tinyurl.com/l8ymtod)(Econ, 2/7/15, p.78)

1909        In Palestine mostly Russian socialist idealists of the Zionist movement set up an armed group, Hashomer, to protect their new farms and villages from Arab marauders.
    (Econ, 1/10/09, p.9)

1915        Mar 2, Vladmir Jabotinsky formed a Jewish military force to fight in Palestine.
    (SC, 3/2/02)

1916          May 9, The Sykes-Picot Agreement, a secret understanding between the governments of Britain and France, defined their respective spheres of post-World War I influence and control in the Middle East. It was signed on 16 May 1916. Italian claims were added in 1917. Britain and France carved up the Levant into an assortment of monarchies, mandates and emirates. The agreement enshrined Anglo-French imperialist ambitions at the end of WW II. Syria and Lebanon were put into the French orbit, while Britain claimed Jordan, Iraq, the Gulf states and the Palestinian Mandate. Sir Mark Sykes (d.1919 at age 39) and Francois Picot made the deal. As of 2016 the boundaries of the agreement remained in much of the common border between Syria and Iraq.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sykes%E2%80%93Picot_Agreement)(WSJ, 2/27/00, p.A17)(Econ, 5/14/16, SR p.5)

1917        Oct 31, Australia and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) defeated Ottoman troops to gain control of a strategic crossroads at Beersheba that helped clear the way to Jerusalem during World War I.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yaqsor8k)(AFP, 10/31/17)

1917        Nov 2, British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour, in what became known as the Balfour Declaration, expressed support for a "national home" for the Jews of Palestine. It encouraged Jewish immigration to Israel in the decade after WW I.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, C8)(AP, 11/2/97)

1917        Dec 9, British forces under General Allenby captured Jerusalem. He liberated the city from Turkish control.
    (WSJ, 4/4/96, A-12)(SFC, 10/18/96, C8)(MC, 12/9/01)

1918        Sep 22, General Allenby led the British army against the Turks, taking Haifa and Nazareth, Palestine.
    (HN, 9/22/98)

1919        Aug 28, The American King-Crane Commission presented its report and recommendations to the allies on the status of Syria, Iraq, and Palestine. The report recommended that Jewish immigration should be definitely limited, and that the project for making Palestine distinctly a Jewish commonwealth should be given up. It also recommended the creation of a single Arab state - "Greater Syria"- that included Lebanon and Palestine and would have been administered under American mandatory power.

1919        This year marked the birth of Palestinian - Arab nationalism. The events are documented in the 1996 book "Jerusalem in the 20th Century" by Martin Gilbert.
    (WSJ, 10/14/96, p.A14)

1920        Apr 4, Arabs attacked Jews in Jerusalem.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1920        Apr 20, Balfour Declaration was recognized following a conference in San Remo, Italy. It was agreed that a mandate to Britain should be formally given by the League of Nations over an area, which in 2010 comprised Israel, Jordan and the Golan Heights, to be called the "Mandate of Palestine". The Balfour Declaration was to apply to the whole of the mandated territory. The doctrine was named after British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour, who had first articulated it as a policy on 2 November 1917.

1920        Apr 24, British Mandate over Palestine went into effect and lasted for 28 years. The British organized a police force with some 3,000 British, Arab and Jewish officers.
    (MC, 4/24/02)(WSJ, 2/2/04, p.A12)

1920        Aug 14, Nehemiah Persoff, actor (Al Capone, Yentl), was born in Jerusalem, Palestine.
    (MC, 8/14/02)

1921        Mar 12, The Cairo Conference, called by Winston Churchill, convened to establish a unified British policy in the Middle East. Britain and France carved up Arabia and created Jordan under Emir Abdullah; his brother Faisal became King of Iraq. France was given influence over Syria and Jewish immigration was allowed into Palestine.  Faisal I died one year after independence and his son, Ghazi I succeeded him. Colonial Sec. Winston Churchill wanted to keep an air corridor to Iraq, where the Royal Air Force was dropping poison gas on rebellious Arab tribes.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cairo_Conference_%281921%29)(SSFC, 10/14/01, p.D3)(Econ, 7/13/13, SR p.5)

1921        Jun 19, Turks and Christians of Palestine signed a friendship treaty against Jews.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1921        The British contrived the election of Haj Amin al-Husseini (1895-1974) as the Mufti of Jerusalem. In 2008 David G. Dalin and John F. Rothman authored “Icon of Evil: Hitler’s Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam."
    (WSJ, 6/26/08, p.A13)

1922        Sep 11, The British mandate of Palestine began.
    (MC, 9/11/01)

1922        Sep 21, Pres Warren G. Harding signed a joint resolution of approval to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
    (MC, 9/21/01)

1922        The West Bank became an unallocated portion of the Palestine Mandate. The eastern area became known as Transjordan.
    (SFC, 6/24/96, p.A19)(SFC, 4/30/02, p.A8)

1922-1948    Palestine and the West Bank comprised about 1/5th of the area under British rule at his time.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.B12)

1923        Vladimir Jabotinsky, founder of the Zionist movement, wrote that Zionists could never reach a voluntary agreement with Arabs on sharing land. He said Arabs would yield to Jews “when there is no longer any hope of getting rid of us, because they can make no breach in the iron wall."
    (Econ 5/20/17, SR p.11)

1928        Ariel Sharon (d.2014), Israeli defense minister 1981-1984, was born as Ariel Scheinermann in Kfar Mallal, a part of British-ruled Palestine.
    (SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)(Econ, 1/18/14, p.90)

1929        Aug 24, Yasser Arafat (d.2004), leader of the Palestinian Liberation Movement (Nobel 1994), was born in Cairo according to his Cairo birth certificate. He was the 5th child of Palestinian merchant Abdel Raouf al-Qudwa al-Husseini. In 1998 Said K. Aburish published his biography "Arafat: From Defender to Dictator."
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)(www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Yasser-Arafat)
1929        Aug 24, In the Hebron massacre 65–68 Jews are killed by Arabs and the remaining Jews are forced to leave Hebron.

1929         In British-ruled Palestine a row over the Western Wall (Kotel) led to deadly anti-Jewish riots. There were 67 Jews massacred in Hebron and the survivors were forced to flee. Arab riots in Hebron killed dozens of Jews with guns and axes and destroyed the ancient Jewish quarter.
    (SFC, 1/10/96, p.A14)(SFC, 1/25/02, p.A11)(Econ 5/20/17, SR p.6)

1930s        Forces of Haj Amin al-Husseini, the mufti of Jerusalem, killed hundreds of Jews and attempted to get rid of Arabs who tolerated Jewish presence.
    (WSJ, 8/14/01, p.A14)

1933        Jul 21, Haifa Harbor in Palestine opened.
    (MC, 7/21/02)

1934        Feb 10, A Jewish immigrant ship 1st broke the English blockade in Palestine.
    (MC, 2/10/02)

1935        Edward W. Said was born in Jerusalem and grew up in Cairo. Mr. Said later became a spokesman for the Palestinian cause and Prof. of Literature at Columbia Univ. He authored "Orientalism," which held that the Western study of Islam is itself a form of colonialism.
    (WSJ, 8/26/99, p.A18)

1936        Apr 15, A number of cars on the road between Tulkarm and Nablus were held up by Arab highwaymen. After the armed robbers had removed valuables from the occupants of the cars, three Jews were forced to sit together in a truck where they were shot by the bandits in cold blood. One was killed outright and another died later from his injuries.

1936        Apr 19, Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Jaffa, Palestine.

1936        Apr 20, Serious rioting took place on the borders between Jaffa and Tel-Aviv, in particular in the Catton, Manshieh and Saknat Abu Kebir quarters..

1936        Oct 10, The Arab Higher Committee issued a manifesto to end riots in Palestine.

1936        Nov 11, A British Royal Commission arrived in Palestine to investigate the underlying cause of the anti-Jewish riots. The Arab Higher Committee called a boycott of the commission’s inquiry.

1936        The Arab Revolt of 1936 was a culmination of actions by Haj Amin al-Husseini (1895-1974), the Mufti of Jerusalem, who recruited and commanded a national movement of violence aimed at forbidding all compromise with Jews.
    (WSJ, 6/26/08, p.A13)
1936        British forces destroyed the kasbah of Jaffa in Operation Anchor, a security measure to improve their strategic control of the settlement. Some 100 residents of Tel Aviv were killed and over 1,000 injured from gunfire emanating from Jaffa.
    (Econ., 2/21/15, p.18)
1936        British authorities banned homosexual acts in Palestine.
    (AP, 6/12/15)

1937        Sep 8, The Pan Arab conference about Palestine opened.
    (MC, 9/8/01)

1937        Oct, Amin al-Husseini, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, was exiled from Palestine. He sought fled to Iraq and in 1941 sought refuge in Iran.

1937        Dec 23, London warned Rome to stop the anti-British propaganda in Palestine.
    (HN, 12/23/98)

1939        May 23, British parliament planned to make Palestine independent by 1949.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1941        Nov 28, In Germany Amin al-Husseini (1897-1974), the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, met with Adolf Hitler and asked Hitler to support the elimination of a national Jewish homeland.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amin_al-Husseini)(SFC, 10/22/15, p.A2)

1941        Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian poet, was born in a village that later became part of Israel. His later work included the poem "State of Siege." In 2003 "Unfortunately It Was Paradise," a translation of his work into English, was published
    (SSFC, 11/3/02, p.D6)

1942        Feb 12, In Palestine British police killed Avraham Stern (34),  founder of the breakaway militant Zionist group named Lehi. British forces had begun shooting members of “Fighters for the Freedom of Israel" (Lehi) after the group had ambushed British soldiers and solicited fascist and Nazi support for their campaign.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avraham_Stern)(Econ, 5/3/14, p.75)

1942        American rabbi Judah Magnes (d.1948) helped found a political party in Palestine called Ihud (Unity). He argued for a single binational state to be shared by Arabs and Jews.
    (Econ, 3/16/13, p.25)

1945        Hamas began life as a branch of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood, which advocated the creation of states based ion Muslim law across the Middle East. [see Palestine 1987]
    (Econ, 11/12/05, p.48)(www.upi.com/inc/view.php?StoryID=18062002-051845-8272r)

1946        Aug 13, Britain transferred illegal immigrants bound for Palestine to Cyprus.
    (MC, 8/13/02)

1945        Aug 25,  Jewish immigrants were permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine.
    (chblue.com, 8/25/01)

1947        Jan 12, In Haifa, Palestine, the Stern Gang drove a truckload of explosives into a British police station. 4 people were killed and 140 injured.
    (SSFC, 4/16/06, p.E4)

1947        Feb 7, Arabs and Jews rejected a British proposal to split Palestine.
    (MC, 2/7/02)

1947        Jul 18, British seized the "Exodus 1947" ship of Jewish immigrants to Palestine. The British Royal Navy intercepted the ship President Warfield, which had been renamed Exodus by its passengers, forcing the 4,000 Jewish would-be immigrants aboard back to Displaced Person camps in Germany. Britain was still the ruling power in Palestine, which was being wracked by conflict resulting from Jewish national aspirations. The return of the Jewish immigrants, many of them survivors of Nazi persecution, heightened anti-British sentiment among Jews in Palestine and elsewhere. Yossi Harel, commander of the Exodus, died in 2008 at age 90.
    (MC, 7/18/02)(HNQ, 12/4/98)(AP, 4/26/08)

1947        Nov 29, The U.N. General Assembly passed a resolution calling for the partitioning of Palestine [Jerusalem] between Arabs and Jews. It was to be the heart of an Arab Palestinian state.
    (SFC, 10/18/96, C8)(AP, 11/29/97)(SFC, 1/22/98, p.B12)

1947        Dec 29, Ship carrying Jewish immigrants were forced back from Palestine.
    (MC, 12/29/01)

1947        Haj Amin al-Husseini, the mufti of Jerusalem, returned from war-time exile during which he’d advised Hitler on a final solution for Palestine’s Jews.
    (WSJ, 8/14/01, p.A14)

1948        Feb 1, The Palestine Post building in Jerusalem was bombed.
    (MC, 2/1/02)

1948        Feb 22, An Arab bomb attack in Jerusalem killed 50 people.
    (MC, 2/22/02)

1948        Mar 11, Jewish Agency of Jerusalem was bombed.
    (MC, 3/12/02)

1948        Apr 9, In Deir Yassin about one-third of 750 Palestinians were killed by Jewish fighters of the National Military Organization, an underground group better known as the Irgun, and a splinter group called Lehi. The event is called Al-Nakbah (catastrophe) by the Palestinians. 30 similar massacres happened on other Palestinian villages. The death toll was said to be inflated by Jewish forces to invoke fear and cause maximum flight.
    (SFC, 3/18/98, p.A10)(SFC, 4/25/98, p.A1,11)

1948        Mar 10, Political and military men gathered at the Tel Aviv headquarters of the Haganah and put the final touches to Plan Dalet. In 2006 Prof. Ilan Pappe of the Univ. of Haifa authored “The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine." He held that Plan Dalet was a plan for the ethnic cleansing of some 800,000 Palestinians in order to allow the formation of the Jewish state.
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.92)

1948        Mar 24, Israel Galili, chief of the Haganah, sent orders reminding commanders of the policy to protect the “full rights, needs, and freedoms of the Arabs in the Hebrew state without discrimination."
    (Econ, 11/4/06, p.93)

1948        May 11, Haganah took control of Safed and port of Haifa.
    (MC, 5/11/02)

1948        May 15, A 28 year old British Mandate over Palestine ended.
    (MC, 5/15/02)
1948        May 15, Hours after declaring its independence, the new state of Israel was attacked by Transjordan, Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon.
    (AP, 5/15/97)

1948        May 24, Ariel Sharon, then called Arik Scheinerman, was wounded at the battle of Latrun while securing Jerusalem for Jews in the 1st Arab-Israeli War.
    (WSJ, 10/13/00, p.A15)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.85)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latrun)

1948        May 27, Arabs blew up the Jewish synagogue Hurvat Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid.
    (MC, 5/27/02)

1948        Aug 23, Count Bernadotte asked for aid for fugitives to Palestine. [see Sep 17]
    (MC, 8/23/02)

1948        Sep 17, Count Folke Bernadotte (b.1895) of Sweden, the UN mediator for Palestine, was assassinated in Jerusalem by members of the extreme Zionist Stern Group. Yehoshua Zettler (d.2009 at 91), one of the founding members of the group, masterminded the assassination.
    (AP, 9/17/98)(www.us-israel.org/jsource/biography/Bernadotte.html)(AP, 5/25/09)

1948        Sep 18, Ralph J. Bunche was confirmed as acting UN mediator in Palestine.
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1948        Oct 21, Beersheba was liberated by the Israeli army.
    (MC, 10/21/01)

1948        Dec 8, Jordan annexed Arabic Palestine. The old city of East Jerusalem came under Jordanian control until 1968. Transjordan was given to a client Arab family, the Hashemites (led by King Hussein’s grandfather), and was run out of Mecca by the Saudis. The country now has an ethnic Palestinian majority. Elections chose a body evenly divided between Jordan and the Palestinian territories.
    (SFC, 6/24/96, p.A19)(WSJ, 4/9/97, p.A14)(AP, 1/23/13)

1948        Dec 11, United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194 was passed near the end of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. The resolution expresses appreciation for the efforts of UN Envoy Folke Bernadotte after his assassination by members of the Stern Gang. It was later often quoted in support of the Palestinian right of return.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_General_Assembly_Resolution_194)(Econ, 9/6/08, p.68)

1948        In the months preceding the war between Israel and the Arab states some 10,000 Arab homes in West Jerusalem were looted and seized.
    (SSFC, 5/18/03, p.D6)

1948-1949    Jordan seized the West Bank and Egypt occupied the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 6/24/96, p.A19)(SFC, 1/22/98, p.B12)

1949        Dec 9, UN took trusteeship over Jerusalem.
    (HN, 12/9/98)

1949        Dec, The UN Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) was established to serve Palestinian Arabs after more than 750,000 Palestinians fled or were expelled during the 1948 war surrounding Israel's creation. By 2018 it was supplying aid to more than three million of the five million eligible Palestinian refugees in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and the Palestinian territories.
    (SSFC, 5/19/02, p.A10)(AFP, 10/2/18)

1949        Yasser Arafat formed a Palestinian Students’ League.
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)
1949        Yizhar Smilanksy, under the pen-name S. Yizhar, authored “Khirbet Khizeh," a novella based on his experience in clearing a Palestinian village on the Israeli side of the 1949 ceasefire line.
    (Econ, 4/12/08, p.93)

1950        Apr 24, Jordan annexed the West Bank and offered citizenship to all Palestinians wishing to claim it.
    (SFC, 2/8/99, p.A6)

1951        Jul 20, Jordan's King Abdullah Ibn Hussein was assassinated in Jerusalem by a Palestinian extremist. Prince Hussein (15) witnessed the murder. Talal became king with the assassination of his father, Abdullah ibn-Hussein, who ruled when Jordan was a British mandate.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdullah_I_of_Jordan)(AP, 7/20/97)(HN, 7/20/98)(SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)

1953        Yasser Arafat (d.2004), as a student in Egypt, authored “Don’t Forget Palestine."
    (Econ, 11/13/04, p.95)
1953        Hizb ut-Tahir was founded in Jerusalem by Taqiuddin al-Nabhani, an Islamic scholar and appeals court judge from the Palestinian village of Ijzim. It seeks the return of the caliphate, based on Islamic sharia law, by political means. By 2012 it had members and sympathizers in more than 50 countries.
    (AP, 3/10/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hizb_ut-Tahrir)
1953        The Jenin refugee camp was established.
    (SFC, 4/15/02, p.A12)

1955        Mar 1, An Israeli retaliation in Gaza is reported as having killed 37 Egyptians and wounded 29 others.  Palestinians stone the United Nations Gaza office. 

1956        Jul 25, Jordanians attacked the UN Palestine truce.
    (SC, 7/25/02)

1956        Aug, Yasser Arafat attended an int’l. student congress in Prague and secured membership for Palestine.
    (WSJ, 11/12/04, p.A11)

1956        Oct 29, During the Suez Canal crisis, Israel launched an invasion of Egypt's Sinai Peninsula. Paratroopers under Ariel Sharon dropped into Sinai to open the Straits of Tiran. The Sinai Campaign, also known as Operation Kadesh, lasted eight days to November 5, 1956.
    (AP, 10/29/97)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.24)(www.jafi.org.il/education/100/Concepts/d3.html)
1956        Oct 29, At Kafr Kassem village 49 Palestinians were massacred by Israeli border guards enforcing a curfew.
    (SFC, 3/28/00, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kafr_Qasim_massacre)

1956        Nov 2, Gaza was occupied by the Israeli army and evacuated in March 1957.

1957        In Syria the Yarmouk Palestinian camp was created. It became the larges of 9 and evolved into a densely populated residential district just five miles (eight km) from the center of Damascus.
    (AP, 1/8/13)

1959        A group of Palestinians met in Kuwait and formed Fatah. Yasser Arafat became the group’s leader.
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)

1962        Mar 9, Egyptian Pres. Nasser declared Gaza belongs to Palestinians.
    (MC, 3/9/02)

1964        Jan 1, Fatah, the guerrilla group founded by Yasser Arafat, made its 1st armed attack against Israel. The annual celebration of this day came to be known as Fatah Day.
    (SFC, 1/2/01, p.A8)

1964        Jan 17, The PLO charter was put together with articles that proclaimed Israel an illegal state and pledged "the elimination of Zionism in Palestine." The PLO was founded in Egypt. Fatah became the core group of the PLO.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.A18)(SFC, 4/30/02, p.A8)(SFC, 11/11/04, p.18)

1964        May 28, Palestine National Congress formed the PLO in Jerusalem.
    (MC, 5/28/02)

1964        Sep 10, Palestinian Liberation Army (PLA) formed.
    (MC, 9/10/01)

1964        Dec 31, Syrian-based al-Fatah guerrillas of Yasser Arafat launched their 1st raid on Israel with the aim of provoking a retaliation and sparking an Arab war against Israel. Fatah, a Palestinian movement for independence, made the first terror attack on Israel and initiated the armed struggle for a state.
    (WSJ, 1/22/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 1/2/00, p.A24)(WSJ, 6/5/02, p.D7)   

1964-1987    The Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine was an active fighting force under Nayef Hawatmeh In Syria and Lebanon and lost some 5,000 men over this period. It then became a social and political body in opposition to Arafat's Fatwah faction.
    (SFEC, 8/8/99, p.A22)

1965        Yasser Arafat formed his Fatwah movement for the Liberation of Palestine.
    (SFC, 9/8/03, p.A8)

1966        Nov 10, A land mine near Hebron killed 3 Israeli policemen. Israel retaliated with a weekend strike against West Bank villagers and ran into Jordanian troops in Samu. Palestinians rioted and demanded the overthrow of Jordan’s Pres. Hussein. The Arab legion was forced to fire and killed at least 4.
    (WSJ, 6/5/02, p.D7)

1967        Jun 5, The Six Day War erupted in the Middle East as Israel, convinced an Arab attack was imminent, raided Egyptian military targets. Syria, Jordan and Iraq entered the conflict. Jordan lost the West Bank, an area of 2,270 sq. miles. War broke out as Israel reacted to the removal of UN peace-keeping troops, Arab troop movements and the barring of Israeli ships in the Gulf of Aqaba.
    (AP, 6/5/97)(HN, 6/5/98)(NG, 5/93, p.58)(HNQ, 5/22/00)
1967        Jun 5-1967 Jun 10, Israel fought the Six-Day War against Syria and captured the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Allegations that Israeli soldiers killed hundreds of Egyptian prisoners with the knowledge of national leaders were made by Israeli historians in 1995. Israel occupied Syrian territory. The Gaza Strip and the West Bank were captured by Israel. Israel annexed the largely Arab East Jerusalem, which included the Old City, and has since ringed it with Jewish neighborhoods.
    (WSJ, 8/17/95, p.A-1)(WSJ,11/24/95, p.A-1)(WSJ, 5/6/96, p.A-13)(SFC, 6/25/96, p.A10)(SFC, 1/22/98, p.B12)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A17)

1967        Jun 6, Israeli troops broke Egypt’s massive defenses in Sinai and occupied Gaza on the 2nd day of the 6-day war.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six-Day_War)(Econ 5/20/17, SR p.3)

1967        Jun 7, Israel captured the Wailing Wall in East Jerusalem on the 3rd day of the 6-day war.

1967        Jun 8, On the 4th day of the Six-Day War Israel captured the Gaza Strip and Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, as well as the West Bank and Eastern Jerusalem from Jordan. Israel’s occupation of Gaza continued for the next 38 years.
    (SSFC, 6/3/07, p.E6)(Econ, 1/10/09, p.9)

1967        Jun 10, Israel and Syria agreed to observe a United Nations-mediated cease-fire. Israel took Gaza and the Sinai from Egypt, Old Jerusalem and the West Bank from Jordan, and the Golan Heights from Syria. In 2002 Michael B. Oren authored "Six Days of War: June 1967 and the making of the Modern Middle East." Israeli military historian Arieh Yitzhaki later said that his research showed Israeli troops killed 300 Egyptian prisoners of war. Israel said soldiers on both sides committed atrocities. In 2007 Tom Segev authored “1967: Israel, the War and the Year that Transformed the Middle East."
    {Israel, Palestine, Syria, Egypt}
    (AP, 6/10/97)(WSJ, 6/5/02, p.D7)(AP, 3/6/07)(Econ, 5/26/07, p.97)

1967        Jun 11, Following the Six Day War Israel annexed the largely Arab East Jerusalem, which included the Old City, and has since ringed it with Jewish neighborhoods.
    (SFC, 6/25/96, p.A10)

1967        Soviet Gen. Sakharovsky became chief intelligence adviser in Romania. He helped bring Yasser Arafat to the Soviet Union via Romania for training and indoctrination. The soviets maneuvered to have Arafat named chairman of the PLO with help from Egypt’s ruler, Gamal Abdel Nasser.
    (WSJ, 1/10/02, p.A12)

1968        Mar 21, Israeli forces attacked a Palestinian base belonging to Fatah in the  village  of Al-Karameh in Jordan. Israeli forces engage in a battle with Palestinian fighters for the first time. On 24 March 1968, the Security Council adopted resolution 248 (1968), condemning the large scale and premeditated military actions by  Israel against Jordan. The Karameh mission failed. Muki Betser, Israeli commando, was wounded. He later became commander of the Sayeret Matkal, Israel’s elite counter-terrorist unit.
    (SFC, 7/16/96, p.E5)(www.un.int/palestine/chron60.shtml)

1968        Apr, Jews moved into Hebron following its occupation in the wake of the 1967 6-Day War. They later settled in the new suburb of Kiryat Arba. Rabbi Moshe Levinger (1935-2015) left Jerusalem on Passover eve along with several dozen followers and checked into the Park Hotel posing as Swiss tourists. The next day, Levinger declared their true identity and announced their intention to re-establish Hebron's Jewish community.
    (SFC, 12/4/08, p.A27)(AP, 5/17/15)

1968        Dec 26, A Palestinian terrorist attack in Athens on an Israeli civilian airliner killed one person. Mahmoud Mohammad (25) and Maher Suleiman (19) were later captured by Greek officials, In 1970, a Greek court convicted Mahmoud Mohammad for his role in the attack. In 1987 Mahmoud Mohammed Issa Mohammed entered Canada, where he was ordered to be deported in 1988. In 2007 he was still in Canada after some 30 appeals and reviews.
    (http://tinyurl.com/35olct)(Econ, 9/15/07, p.48)(www.skyjack.co.il/chronology.htm)

1968        The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP-GC) was founded by Dr. George Habash, founder of the pan-Arab nationalist movement.
    (SFC, 12/13/96, p.B4)
1968        Jews moved into Hebron following its occupation in the wake of the 1967 6-Day War. They later settled in the new suburb of Kiryat Arba.
    (SFC, 12/4/08, p.A27)

1969        Feb 4, Al-Fatah-leader Yasser Arafat officially took over as chairman of PLO.
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)

1969        Feb 18, The PLO (PFLP-GC) machine-gunned an Israeli El-Al plane in Zurich, Switzerland.  One Palestinian was killed and 4 were arrested.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A16)(www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Terrorism/incidents.html)

1969        Apr 23, The Lebanese army battled with rioting Palestinians.

1969        Nov 3, The Arab League brokered a deal in Cairo that gave the PLO in Lebanon refugee camps freedom of government interference. They reached an agreement that effectively endorsed PLO freedom of action in Lebanon to recruit, arm, train, and employ fighters against Israel. The Lebanese Army protected their bases and supply lines.
    (www.palestinefacts.org/pf_1967to1991_lebanon_cairo_1969.php)(Econ, 6/2/07, p.46)

1970        Feb 21, The PFLP-GC, a Palestinian terrorist group, planted a parcel bomb on Swissair Flight 330 that blew up on a flight from Zurich to Tel Aviv. All 47 aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swissair_Flight_330)(Econ, 11/6/10, p.74)

1970        Jun 11, Palestinian guerrillas and King Hussein's army signed a truce in Jordan after week of heavy clashes.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

1970        Aug, Israel, Jordan and Egypt agreed to a ceasefire under the terms of the US proposed Roger Plan.

1970        Sep 6, Palestinian guerrillas of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP-GC) seized control of three jetliners which were later blown up on the ground in Jordan after the passengers and crews were evacuated. This triggered a civil war in and the expulsion of Palestinians from Jordan.
    (SFC, 12/13/96, p.B4)(AP, 9/6/97)

1970        Sep 15, The Jordanian army attacked Palestinian positions. Within days PLO officials and commandos were expelled from Jordan and forced to move to Lebanon.
    (www.nmhschool.org/tthornton/mehistorydatabase/arabisraeliwars.php)(SFC, 2/8/99, p.A6)

1970        Sep 16, The Black September conflict began when King Hussein of Jordan declared military rule in response to a fedayeen coup d’état to seize his kingdom. This resulted in the deaths or expulsion of thousands of Palestinians from Jordan.

1970        Sep 27, A cease-fire accord was signed in Cairo between the Jordanian army and Palestinian guerrillas by King Hussein and Yasser Arafat brokered by the Arab peace committee headed by Bahi Ladgham of Tunisia.
    (SFC, 4/16/98, p.B4)(http://tinyurl.com/6e3v9s)

1970        The Israeli military seized privately owned land in the West Bank in the name of security and soon made it available for settlement by Israeli civilians. By 2017 the Beit El settlement numbered some 6,500 people.
    (Econ, 2/11/17, p.41)

1971        Jul 13-1971 Jul 19, Jordanian troops proceeded to wipe out Palestinian guerrillas; some 1,500 prisoners were brought to Amman; Iraq and Syria soon broke off relations with Jordan.
    (www.onwar.com/aced/data/bravo/blacksept1970.htm)(WUD, 1994, p. 1688)

1971        Jul 23, Walid Ahmad Nimer al-Naser (b.1934), aka, Abu Ali Iyad, a senior Palestinian field commander based in Syria and Jordan, was reported killed by the Jordanian army. The PLO claimed he was captured and tortured to death by Jordanian forces days earlier. A splinter group seeking revenge soon developed within Fatah and came to be known as the Black September Organization.

1971        Fatah, the armed faction of the Palestine Liberation Organization, arrived in Lebanon following its ouster from Jordan after losing the battles of "Black September".
    (SFC, 9/28/98, p.A10)(Econ, 1/24/15, p.42)

1972        May 8, A Belgian Sabena aircraft, bound for Tel Aviv, was hijacked by 4 Palestinians. At Lod Intl. 2 hijackers were shot and killed by Israeli military personnel, dressed as ground engineers. One passenger died 8 days later as a result of her wounds. The two women hijackers were subsequently sentenced to life imprisonment.

1972        Sep 5, Terror struck the Munich Olympic games in West Germany as Arab guerrillas attacked the Israeli delegation. Palestinian terrorists killed 2 athletes and took 9 others and their coaches hostage. Eleven Israelis, five guerrillas and a police officer were killed in a 20-hour siege. The Palestinian commandos were linked to Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez. In 1984 George Jonas authored “Vengeance," an account of an Israeli hit squad ordered to track down those responsible for the Munich attack. In 2000 the TV documentary "One Day in September" depicted the events. In 2005 Aaron J. Klein authored “Striking Back," and account of Israel’s response to the Munich attack. The 2005 the Stephen Spielberg film “Munich" was based on the book by George Jonas.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)(WSJ, 9/8/00, p.W4)(WSJ, 12/21/05, p.D10)(WSJ, 1/14/06, p.A9)

1972        Sep 19, A Black September letter bomb killed Ami Shehori (Shachori), Israeli attache at the embassy in London.

1972        Oct 29, Hijackers of a German Lufthansa passenger jet demanded the release of the three surviving terrorists, who had been arrested after the Fürstenfeldbruck gunfight and were being held for trial. They forced West Germany to release 3 terrorists who were involved in the Munich Massacre.

1972        Abu Daoud at a cafe in Rome with fellow PLO guerrilla leader Abu Iyad and his assistant, Mohammed al-Omari, read in a newspaper that the International Olympics Committee had refused the PLO's request to send a Palestinian delegation to the Munich Olympics. They decided to “participate in their own way." Daoud was given the task of doing the operation's groundwork. Daoud first acknowledged having a role in the 1972 Munich operation in the 1999 book: "Palestine: From Jerusalem to Munich."
    (AP, 2/24/06)

1973        Jan 12, Yasser Arafat was re-elected as head of the Palestinian Liberation Organization.
    (HN, 1/12/99)

1973        Mar 2, Arab commandos, "Black September" terrorists, led by Abu Jihad executed 3 hostages: US ambassador Cleo A. Noel (54), deputy George Curtis Moore (47) and Belgian charge d’affaires Guy Eid (38), in Khartoum, Sudan. Pres. Nixon refused their demands. The operation was later reported to have been organized by Yasser Arafat.
    (WSJ, 1/10/02, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khartoum_diplomatic_assassinations)

1973        Nov 25, Three Palestinians hijacked a KLM B747 enroute to New Delhi to Abu Dhabi.

1973        Nov 28, Arab League summit in Algiers recognized Palestine.

1973        Dec 21, Israel, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, US and USSR leaders met in Geneva. The Geneva Conference of 1973 was an attempt to negotiate a solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict as called for in UN Security Council Resolution 338 which was passed after the 1973 Arab-Israeli War.

1973        Sheikh Ahmed Yassin (1937-2004), Palestinian co-founder of Hamas, founded Al-Mujamma Al-Islami (the Islamic Association), an Islamic charity group.
    (SFC, 4/25/02, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmed_Yassin)

1974        May 15, PFLP terrorists took a school in Maalot, Israel. 26 people were killed including 21 children after an unsuccessful rescue attempt.
    (www.mfa.gov.il/mfa)(WSJ, 9/14/04, p.A20)

1974        Oct 30, An Arab summit in Rabat, Jordon, decided that King Hussein would no longer speak for the Palestinians and named the PLO under Yasir Arafat as the sole, legitimate representative.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)(www.palestinefacts.org/pf_1967to1991_rabat_1974.php)

1974        Nov 13, Yasser Arafat addressed the UN General Assembly on behalf of Palestine.
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)

1974        Nov 22, UN General Assembly recognized Palestine's right to sovereignty and national independence.
    (SFC, 2/8/99, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/52x3eg)

1974        The Palestinian Democratic Front took over an Israeli school in Maalot and 20 schoolchildren were killed.
    (SFEC, 8/8/99, p.A22)
1974        Abu Nidal split from the PLO and was sentenced to death in absentia.
    (SFC, 8/25/98, p.A6)(SFC, 1/27/99, p.A7)

1975        Apr 13, In Lebanon the right-wing Christian Falange (Phalange) opened fire on a bus packed with Palestinians in a low-income neighborhood after a drive-by attack earlier in the day on a nearby church. The attacks killed 27 Palestinians and three Lebanese Christians. The ambush sparked a civil war that lasted to 1990. The attack was made to avenge an attempted assassination on Bashir Gemayel.
    (SFEC, 4/13/97, p.T5)(AP, 4/12/05)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.46)

1975        Nov 10, The UN General Assembly adopted Resolution 3237 that conferred on the PLO the status of observer in the Assembly and in other international conferences held under UN auspices.

1976        Jan 22, A PLO bank robbery in Beirut netted a world record $20-50 million.

1976        Mar 30, Israel killed 6 Palestinians protesting land confiscation. This event became remembered annually by Palestinians as Land Day.
    (www.balad.org/index.php?id=138)(AFP, 3/30/12)

1976        Jul 4, Jonathan Netanyahu, brother of Benjamin, led and was killed in an Israeli raid called Operation Thunderball that rescued the [105] hostages held at Entebbe Airport in Uganda. The raid was by Sayeret Matkal, Israel’s elite counter-terrorist unit led by Muki Betser, and it freed all but 3 of the 104 Israeli and Jewish hostages and crew of an Air France jetliner seized by pro-Palestinian hijackers. A total of 45 Ugandan soldiers were killed during the raid. The events are described by Muki Betser and Robert Rosenberg in "Secret Soldier, The True Life of Israel’s Greatest Commando." The hijacking was linked to Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Entebbe)(AP, 7/4/97)(SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)

1976        Aug 12, Syrian backed Christian militias completed their siege of the Tell al-Za'tar Palestinian camp in Lebanon leaving some 2000 people killed.

1976        Israeli settlers established a West Bank community in Nabi Salen later called Halamish. In 2008 the local spring was seized leading to protest marches by the local extended Tamini family
    (Econ, 6/11/16, p.82)
1976        Israel convicted Monsignor Hilarion Capucci (1923-2017), a Greek Melkite Catholic archbishop in Jerusalem, of using his diplomatic status to smuggle arms to Palestinian militants in the occupied West Bank. Capucci served two years of the 12-year sentence, then was released due to Vatican intervention and deported.
    (AP, 1/2/17)

1977        Jan 11, France set off an international uproar by releasing Abu Daoud, a Palestinian suspected of involvement in the massacre of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics. In 1999 Mohammed Oudeh, aka Abu Daoud, published an autobiography in France in which he admitted to playing a mastermind role in the 1972 Munich hostage episode.
    (AP, 1/11/98)(SFC, 6/14/99, p.A14)

1977        Jan 12, Anti-French demonstrations took place in Israel after Paris released Abu Daoud, responsible for the 1972 Munich massacre of Israeli athletes.

1977        Mar 16, US president Carter pleaded for a Palestinian homeland.

1977        Oct 17, West German commandos stormed a hijacked Lufthansa jetliner that was on the ground in Mogadishu, Somalia, freeing all 86 hostages and killing three of the four hijackers, Palestinians of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. In 1996 Suhaila al-Sayeh was sentenced to 12 years in prison by a German court.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.A17)(AP, 10/17/97)

1978        Jan 4, Said Hammami, the PLO representative in London, was assassinated. It was initially believed to be the work of Abu Nidal but was later reported to have been organized by Yasser Arafat.
    (WSJ, 1/10/02, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_attacks_attributed_to_Abu_Nidal)

1978        Mar 11, Palestinian Arab terrorists led by Dalal Mughrabi killed 37 people in an attack along the Tel Aviv coastal highway. The terrorists were identified as belonging to Fatah; 9 were killed and two captured.
    (AP, 3/11/98)(www.palestinefacts.org/pf_1967to1991_terrorism_1970s.php)

1978        Mar 14, An Israeli force of 22,000 invaded south Lebanon, hitting the PLO bases.

1978        Mar 23, UNIFIL forces arrived in Lebanon setting up headquarters in Naqoura. In response to Israel’s invasion, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 425 and Resolution 426 calling for the withdrawal of Israeli forces from Lebanon. The UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) was created to enforce this mandate, and restore peace and sovereignty to Lebanon.

1978        Mar, Wadia Haddad, a Palestinian wanted for airplane hijackings, died in Iraq showing only symptoms of leukemia but no signs of poisoning. In 2006 Aaron Klein authored "Striking Back," which for the first time gave details of the killing. Klein said Mossad agents had fed Haddad poisoned Belgian chocolate over six months.
    (AP, 5/7/06)

1978        Oct 2, Syrian and Palestinians shooting in East Beirut killed 1,300.
    (MC, 10/2/01)

1978        David Grossman created his doccumentary “The Yellow Wind." It engaged with the lives of Palestinians living in Gaza and the West Bank under Israeli occupation.
    (Econ, 9/18/10, p.103)

1979        Jan 22, Abu Hassan (Ali Hassan Salameh), the alleged planner of the 1972 Munich raid, was killed by a bomb in Beirut. He was the chief of operations for the Black September militant Palestinian group.
    (HN, 1/22/99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ali_Hassan_Salameh)

1979        Apr 22, Samir Kantar (1962-2015) participated in the killing of an Israeli policeman and the attempted kidnapping of an Israeli family in Nahariya that resulted in the deaths of four Israelis and two of his fellow PLF kidnappers.
    (AP, 10/25/04)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samir_Kuntar)

1979        Jul 13, A 45-hour siege began at the Egyptian Embassy in Ankara, Turkey, as four Palestinian guerrillas killed two security men and seized 20 hostages.
    (AP, 7/13/97)

1978        Israelis tranformed a campsite named Ariel into the first Jewish city in the occupied West Bank.
    (Econ, 10/23/10, p.60)

1979-1980    The Islamic Jihad was founded in Egypt by Palestinian students from the Gaza Strip. Nafez Azzam was one of the founders. Control was later moved to Iran with training and funding from Iran, Syria and Hezbollah in Lebanon. Leaders included Ramadan Shalah and Abdullah Shami.
    (www.mideastweb.org/Middle-East-Encyclopedia/egyptian_islamic_jihad.htm)(SFC, 6/6/02, p.A12)

1980        Aug 20, UN Security Council condemned (14-0, US abstains) Israeli declaration that all of Jerusalem is it's capital.

1981        The Islamic Jihad was founded with the aim of establishing an Islamic Palestinian state in the West Bank, Gaza and all of what is now Israel.
    (AP, 11/12/19)
1981        In Iran Ayatollah Khomeini declared the celebration of “Al-Quds Day," the Arabic name for Jerusalem Day, to be held on the last day of Ramadan as an annual denunciation of Israeli control of the holy city.
    (WSJ,2/13/97, p.A18)(www.msnbc.msn.com/id/15343184/)

1982        Apr 11, In Israel Alan Goodman opened fire on Palestinians praying at the Temple Mount, the site of Islam’s third-holiest shrine. He killed 2 and was sentenced to life in prison. He was released to the US in 1997 after agreeing to spend the next 8 years in the US.
    (SFC,10/27/97, p.A9)

1982        Jun 3, Israel's ambassador to Britain, Shlomo Argov (1929-2003), was shot and critically wounded outside a London hotel. Israel's invasion of Lebanon followed the assassination attempt. The attack was blamed on Abu Nidal’s Palestinian Fatah group.
    (WSJ, 8/20/02, p.A18)(NYT, 10/8/04, p.A12)(AP, 6/3/07)

1982        Jun 4, Israel attacked targets in south Lebanon one day after the attempted assassination of the Israeli ambassador in London.

1982        Jun 6, Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon ordered his forces to invade southern Lebanon to drive Palestine Liberation Organization fighters out of the country. Israeli Gen. Rafael Eitan (d.2004) had convinced defense minister Ariel Sharon to invade southern Lebanon to clean out the PLO bases there. A 70-day siege by 30,000 Israeli troops left up to 14,000 Lebanese and Palestinian civilians dead. Islamic radicals, including Naim Qassem, formed Hezbollah (Hizbullah, i.e. Party of God) in response to Israel’s attack. The Israelis withdrew in June 1985. Hezbollah was formed with Iranian help as a radical offshoot of Amal, a Shiite Muslim movement. In 2005 Naim Qassem authored “Hizbullah: The Story from Within."
    (WSJ, 11/17/95, p.A-10)(SFC, 4/17/96, p.A-10)(AP, 6/6/97)(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A10)(SFC, 5/24/00, p.A15)(Econ, 12/4/04, p.88)(Econ, 4/23/05, p.79)

1982        Aug 9, In France grenade-throwing Palestinians burst into the Jo Goldenberg deli in Paris, and sprayed machine-gun fire. 6 people, including two Americans, were killed, and 21 injured. In 2015 international arrest warrants were issued for three suspects, who were believed to be members of the Abu Nidal group. On June 1, 2015, Souhaur Mouhamad Hassan Khalil Al-Abbassi, the alleged chief of the attack, was arrested in Jordan. In 2020 a Norwegian citizen in his 60s was arrested in southern Norway at the request of France as a suspect in the attack.
    (AP, 3/4/15)(SFC, 6/18/15, p.A3)(AP, 9/9/20)

1982        Aug 21, A group of Palestinian guerrillas left Lebanon by ship under an evacuation plan mediated by the United States.
    (AP, 8/21/02)

1982        Aug 30, Palestinian Liberation Organization left Beirut, Lebanon, and moved to Tunis, Tunisia [see Aug 21]. American and European forces left Lebanon following the departure of the PLO, but returned following the September death Bashir Gemayel.
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)(Econ, 5/14/16, SR p.13)

1982        Sep 1, The evacuation of the PLO from Lebanon ended.

1982        Sep 15, Pope John Paul II received PLO leader Yasser Arafat.

1982        Sep 16-1982 Sep 18, The massacre of some 1,500 Palestinian men, women and children by Lebanese Christian militiamen began in west Beirut's Sabra and Chatilla (Shatilla) refugee camps. Elie Hobeika (d.2002), Christian militia chieftain, led the massacre of Palestinian refugees in the camps. Israel’s defense minister, Ariel Sharon, was held responsible and lost his top post. The massacre triggered peace rallies in Israel with some 400,000 demonstrating in Tel Aviv. In 2001 survivors lodged a complaint in Belgium against Sharon. British journalist Robert Fisk (1946-2020) was among the first to enter Sabra and Shatila, where more than a thousand people were massacred.
    (AP, 9/16/97)(SFC, 10/10/98, p.A8)(SFC, 5/24/00, p.A15)(SFC, 6/19/01, p.A8)(SFC, 1/25/02, p.A10)(WSJ, 8/1/06, p.A10)(Econ., 11/7/20, p.44)

1982        Sep 18, Christian militia began the massacre of 600 Palestinians in Lebanon. [see Sep 16-18]
    (MC, 9/18/01)

1983        Apr 10, King Hussein of Jordan, officially renounced pursuing any negotiations to implement the Reagan Plan, and ceased negotiations with PLO.

1983        Nov 24, PLO exchanged 6 Israeli prisoners for 4,500 Palestinians and Lebanese.

1983        Dec 20, PLO chairman Yasser Arafat and 4,000 loyalists evacuated Lebanon.

1983        Dec 22, Egyptian president Mubarak met with PLO leader Yasser Arafat.

1984        In the "Bus 300 affair" Ehud Yatom, Israeli member of the Shin Bet security agency, bludgeoned to death 2 Palestinian bus hijackers.
    (SFC, 6/16/01, p.A6)

1985        Feb 11, Jordan’s King Hussein and PLO leader Arafat signed an accord.

1985        May 20, Israel exchanged 1,150 Palestinian prisoners for 3 Israeli soldiers. The exchange was later referred to as the Jibril deal after the leader of the PFLP-GC, Ahmad Jibril.

1985        Oct 1, Israeli forces staged an air raid on PLO-headquarter at Tunis and 68 people were killed. Yasser Arafat narrowly escaped death.
    (WSJ, 11/12/04, p.A11)

1985        Oct 7, Four Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) gunmen hijacked the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro in the Mediterranean and demanded the release of 50 Palestinians held by Israel. 413 people were held hostage for 2 days in the seizure that was masterminded by Mohammed Abul Abbas. American Leon Klinghoffer was shot while sitting in his wheelchair and thrown overboard. A case was filed against the PLO and settled in 1997. The hijackers surrendered to Egyptian authorities and were turned over to Italy which let Abbas slip out of the country.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A4)(AP, 10/7/97)(HN, 10/7/98)

1985        Oct 8, The hijackers of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro killed American passenger Leon Klinghoffer, dumping his body and wheelchair overboard. A case was filed against the PLO and settled in 1997. The hijackers surrendered to Egyptian authorities and were turned over to Italy which let Abbas slip out of the country.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A4) (AP, 10/8/97)

1985        Dec 27, Palestinian guerrillas opened fire inside the Rome and Vienna airports; a total of twenty people were killed, including five of the attackers, who were slain by police and security personnel. Abu Nidal was considered responsible. President Reagan blamed Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi.
    (AP, 12/27/97)(SFC, 8/25/98, p.A6)(NYT, 10/8/04, p.A12)

1985        During Israel’s invasion of Lebanon, the PFLP-GC captured three Israeli soldiers and negotiated their release in exchange for more than 1,100 mostly Palestinian, Lebanese and Syrian prisoners. Among those released in the exchange was Kozo Okamoto, a member of the Japanese Red Army who took part in the 1972 shooting at Ben Gurion airport in Tel Aviv, Israel, that killed 24 people.
    (AP, 7/18/21)

1986        Feb 22, Jordan King Hussein delivered a televised address in which he denounced PLO leader Yasser Arafat and accused him of reneging of previous promises made to accept resolutions 242 and 338.

1986        Jul 7, Jordan’s government shut down all 25 offices of al-Fatah, the mainstream group in the divided Palestine Liberation Organization.

1986        Sep 5, The Pakistan army stormed a hijacked US B-747 in Karachi and 22 people were killed. In 2001 Zayd Hassan Abd Al-latif Masud Al Safarini, jailed in Pakistan for 15 years, arrived in Alaska and was expected to face a 1991 indictment for the 1986 hijacking of a Pan Am jet. In 2003 Safarini pleaded guilty and agreed to 3 life sentences plus 25 years. On Jan 3, 2008, Pakistani authorities freed and deported four Palestinians convicted in the hijacking.
    (SFC, 10/2/01, p.A3)(SFC, 12/17/03, p.A4)(AP, 9/5/06)(AP, 1/3/08)

1986        Sep 6, An attack on the Neve Shalom synagogue in Istanbul killed 22 people. The Palestinian Abu Nidal group was blamed.
    (NYT, 10/8/04, p.A12)

1986        Oct 16, Ron Arad, an Israeli airman, was the navigator in a plane that was shot down while bombing a Palestinian refugee camp in southern Lebanon. He was reportedly handed over to a Lebanese Shiite group led by Mustafa Dirani. In 2004 it was reported that Arad died in 1996 , sometime after he was handed by Lebanese fighters to their Iranian sponsors.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, p.A14)(AP, 10/25/04)(http://tinyurl.com/yz3zza)

1986        Israel evicted the Palestinian residents of Susiya after declaring the village to be an archeological site. Many of its residents became homeless following further demolitions in 2001 and 2011.
    (Econ, 8/1/15, p.44)

1987        Aug 29, In London Palestinian cartoonist Naji al-Ali died after being shot in the right temple on July 22. He has been described as the greatest Palestinian cartoonist and probably the best-known cartoonist in the Arab world.
    (Econ 7/22/17, p.37)

1987         Nov 25, In the "Night of the Gliders" two fighters of the PFLP-GC crossed from Lebanon into Israel on hang-gliders and killed six Israeli soldiers. The attack was considered as one of the triggers for the first intifada.

1987        Dec 8-1987 Dec 9, The first Palestinian intefadeh (Arabic for uprising) began as riots broke out in Gaza and spread to the West Bank, triggering a strong Israeli counter-response.
    (AP 12/8/97)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A17)(AP, 12/9/07)

1987        Dec 19, The Palestinian uprising in Israel's occupied territories spread to Arab east Jerusalem.
    (AP, 12/19/97)

1987        Dec 27, Scores of Palestinian prisoners appeared before Israeli military courts in the first trials of several hundred protesters arrested in the "intefadeh," or uprising, in the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 12/27/97)

1987        Dec, Sheik Ahmed Yassin founded Hamas, a Palestinian social welfare and military organization. He urged the killing of Palestinians who collaborated with Israeli authorities. Its military wing, called the Izzeddine al-Qassam, used armed operations against Israel. In 2006 Matthew Levitt authored “Hamas: Politics, Charity, and Terrorism in the Service of Jihad."
    (SFC, 5/25/96, p.A12)(SFC,12/27/97, p.A12)(WSJ, 5/2/06, p.D8)

1987-1993    The Intifada, a stone-throwing revolt against Israel, began in Gaza’s Jebaliya refugee camp. The Ansar-3 detention camp in the Negev Desert was one of a number established to hold Palestinian men arrested in the uprising. In 1998 the documentary film "Diogenes: Ansar 3" was produced by Hans Fels and Eitan Wetzler of The Netherlands and Israel.
    (SFC, 6/10/97, p.A12)(Cinemayyat, 2000)

1988        Jan 3, The Israeli Army ordered nine Palestinian activists deported from West Beirut as part of a controversial crackdown to stop the uprising in the occupied territories. Israeli raids on Palestinian and Progressive Socialist Party positions in the region of Saida make killed 21 persons and wounded 11.
    (AP, 1/3/98)(http://tinyurl.com/zz87m)

1988        Jan 5, The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously to ask Israel not to deport Palestinians from the occupied territories in the first council vote against Israel since 1981.
    (AP, 1/5/98)

1988        Jan 23, More than 50,000 Israelis demonstrated in Tel Aviv to protest the treatment of Palestinians in the occupied territories.
    (AP, 1/23/98)

1988        Jan 30, Israeli troops fired on hundreds of demonstrators in the West Bank while protests also rocked the Gaza Strip, shattering three weeks of relative quiet in the occupied territories.
    (AP, 1/30/98)

1988        Jan, Women in Black began at the start of the Palestinian uprising, when about 30 Israeli women gathered in the center of Jerusalem in silent protest, each with a sign saying "Stop the Occupation." By the 1990-1991 Gulf War, there were 30 vigils all over Israel.
    (AP, 4/5/12)

1988        Mar 2, The U.N. General Assembly voted overwhelmingly to order the United States to submit to binding arbitration its plan to close the observer mission of the Palestine Liberation Organization. A federal court later stopped the U.S.
    (AP, 3/2/98)

1988        Apr 3, Secretary of State George P. Shultz arrived in Israel to launch a fresh U.S. peace initiative, telling the Israelis that the Palestinians must be included in negotiations.
    (AP, 4/3/98)

1988        Apr 6, Tirza Porat (15), was killed in a West Bank melee, becoming the first Israeli civilian to die in the occupied territories since the start of the Palestinian uprising. Although Arabs were initially blamed, the army concluded that a Jewish settler accidentally shot the girl.
    (AP, 4/6/98)

1988        Apr 16, Abu Jihad, [Khalil al-Wazzir], PLO-leader, was murdered by Israeli assassins in Tunisia. They left the chief strategist of the Palestinian uprising with 170 bullets in his body. The Palestine Liberation Organization accused Israel of assassinating al-Wazir, a top PLO military figure. Palestinians reacted angrily, and at least 14 were shot and killed by Israeli troops during clashes in the occupied Gaza Strip and West Bank. In 2012 Israel admitted responsibility for the killing of Abu Jihad.
    (AP, 4/16/98)(AP, 1/22/06)(AP, 11/1/12)

1988        Jul 11, Nine people were killed when three Abu Nidal terrorists attacked hundreds of tourists aboard a Greek cruise ship, the City of Poros, which was steaming toward a marina in suburban Athens.
    (AP, 7/11/98)(www.fas.org/irp/world/para/ano.htm)

1988        Jul 28, Jordan cancelled a $1.3 billion development plan in West Bank.

1988        Jul 30, Jordan's King Hussein dissolved his country's lower house of Parliament, half of whose 60 members were from the Israeli-occupied West Bank. Hussein renounced sovereignty over the West Bank to the PLO.
    (AP, 7/30/98)(http://tinyurl.com/ov6pf)

1988        Jul 31, In a televised speech, Jordan's King Hussein called for an independent Palestinian state in the Israeli-occupied territories as he told the Palestinians to take affairs into their own hands. Hussein renounced claims to the West Bank, paving the way for new elections and reforms.
    (HN, 7/31/98)(AP, 1/23/13)

1988        Aug 18, Hamas published a manifesto calling for a holy war to create an Islamic state from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea, including Israel. It challenged the PLO's claim as the sole representative of the Palestinian people. The Hamas founding charter declared that all Palestine is Islamic trust land, can never be surrendered to non-Muslims and  is an integral part of Muslim world.
    (SFC, 3/23/04, p.A11)(www.mideastweb.org/hamashistory.htm)

1988        Oct 13, Absa Claude Diallo, Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, addressed a letter to the UN Sec.-Gen. concerning profound concern at the “continued grave situation in the occupied Palestinian territories and the intensification of the policy of repression pursued by Israel against the Palestinian people."

1988        Nov 12, The Palestine National Council, the legislative body of the PLO, opened a four-day meeting in Algiers, during which delegates proclaimed an independent Palestinian state.
    (AP, 11/12/98)

1988        Nov 20, Egypt and China announced they were recognizing the Palestinian state proclaimed by the Palestine National Council.
    (AP, 11/20/98)

1988        Nov 26, The United States denied an entry visa to PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat, who was seeking permission to travel to New York to address the U.N. General Assembly.
    (AP, 11/26/98)

1988        Nov 30, The UN General Assembly (151-2) adopted resolution 43/28 in which it has been informed of the decision of the Host Country, the US, to deny the PLO's Arafat a visa.

1988        Dec 6, Arafat met prominent American Jews in Stockholm, Sweden.

1988        Dec 13, PLO chairman Yasser Arafat addressed the U.N. General Assembly in Geneva, where it had reconvened after the United States refused to grant Arafat a visa to visit New York. Arafat accepted UN Resolutions 242 and 338, which recognized Israel's right to exist.
    (AP, 12/13/98)(SSFC, 6/3/07, p.E6)(www.mideastweb.org/arafat1988.htm)

1988        Dec 14, In a dramatic policy shift, President Reagan authorized the United States to enter into a "substantive dialogue" with the Palestine Liberation Organization, after chairman Yasser Arafat said he was renouncing "all forms of terrorism."
    (AP, 12/14/98)

1988        Dec 15, Yasser Arafat in exile declared Palestinian independence. It was considered a symbolic act and no state boundaries were delineated.
    (SFC,11/15/97, p.A12)(WSJ, 11/15/00, p.A1)
1988        Dec 15, U.S. Ambassador Robert H. Pelletreau Jr. telephoned the PLO's headquarters in Tunisia, one day after President Reagan authorized direct talks.
    (AP, 12/15/98)

1988        Dec 17, In his first public statement since the US decided to open direct talks with the PLO, Israeli PM Yitzhak Shamir expressed shock, calling the US decision a "painful" blow.
    (AP, 12/17/98)

1988        Dec 18, PLO chairman Yasser Arafat met in Cairo with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to discuss how to continue the momentum gained by the first U.S.- PLO dialogue.
    (AP, 12/18/98)

1988        Dec 23, Pope John Paul II met with Yasser Arafat at the Vatican. The pontiff told the PLO leader he believed Palestinians and Jews had "an identical fundamental right" to their own countries.
    (AP, 12/23/98)

1988        Israeli agents killed Abu Jihad (Khalil al-Wazir), a PLO military commander.
    (SFC, 11/25/96, p.A3)

1988        In Jordan soon after the beginning of the "intifada," King Hussein renounced rights to the West Bank and retained a role as guardian of Jerusalem's holy places.
    (SFC, 2/6/99, p.A13)

1988-1992    Miriam Ben-Porat, Israeli comptroller, issued a report in 1995 that said Shin Bet security routinely mistreated Palestinian detainees between 1988 and 1992. The report was not made public until 2000.
    (SFC, 2/10/00, p.A10)

1989        Jan 19, Israel’s Minister of Defense Rabin proposed that Palestinians end the intifadah in exchange for an opportunity to elect local leaders who would negotiate with the Israeli government.

1989        May 3, PLO leader Yasser Arafat, ending a two-day visit to France, said the PLO charter calling for the destruction of Israel had been "superseded" by a declaration urging peaceful coexistence of the Jewish state and a Palestinian state.
    (AP, 5/3/99)

1989        Jul 6, A Palestinian grabbed the steering wheel of an Israeli bus, causing a crash that claimed 15 lives.
    (AP, 7/6/99)

1989        Jul 22, Nearly 200,000 Palestinian children returned to classrooms in the West Bank after the Israeli army lifted an order that had kept their schools closed during the Palestinian uprising.
    (AP, 7/22/99)

1989        Sep, Israel outlawed Hamas as a terrorist organization following dozens of shooting attacks that killed Israelis.
    (SFC, 3/23/04, p.A11)(www.ict.org.il/inter_ter/orgdet.cfm?orgid=13)

1989        Dec 31, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir fired Science Minister Ezer Weizman, accusing him of meeting with officials of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
    (AP, 12/31/99)

1989        Hamas founder Sheik Ahmed Yassin was imprisoned by Israeli authorities for his politics.
    (SFC, 5/25/96, p.A12)

1990        May 20, An Israeli opened fire on a group of Palestinian laborers south of Tel Aviv, killing seven; the gunman was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 5/20/00)

1990        May 21, Israeli soldiers shot and killed three Palestinians in violence sparked by the slayings of seven Palestinians by an Israeli civilian a day earlier.
    (AP, 5/21/00)

1990        Aug 2, Yasser Arafat supported Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait. This resulted in the PLO’s isolation.
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)

1990        Oct 8, Israeli police opened fire on rioting Palestinians on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, killing 17.
    (AP, 10/8/00)

1990        Oct 21, A Palestinian stabbed three Israelis to death during a rampage in a Jerusalem neighborhood in retaliation for the police killings of 17 Arabs on the Temple Mount.
    (AP, 10/21/00)

1991        Oct 30, The Middle East peace conference in Madrid, Spain, opened with addresses to the delegates by President George Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev. The Madrid Two conference was organized by the US.
    (SFC, 6/24/96, p.A10)(WSJ, 9/19/01, p.A14)(AP, 10/30/01)

1991        Oct 31, On the second day of the Middle East peace conference in Madrid, Spain, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir and Arab delegates clashed bitterly over land issues.
    (AP, 10/31/01)

1991        Nov 1, The 3-day session of the Middle East peace conference recessed in Madrid, Spain. The conference led to Israeli deals with Jordan and the Palestinians and established the principle of land for peace.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrid_Conference_of_1991)(AP, 11/1/01)(Econ, 5/24/08, p.68)

1991        Nov 3, Israeli and Palestinian representatives held their first-ever face-to-face talks in Madrid, Spain.
    (AP, 11/3/01)

1991        Nov, Yasser Arafat (62) secretly married Suha Tawil (28).
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)

1991        Hamas formed its military wing, "Izzedine al-Qassam Brigades," for attacks against Israel.
    (SFC, 3/23/04, p.A11)

1991        Palestinian terrorist Abu Nidal recruited orchestrated the murder of Fatah leader Abu-Iyad, a leader of the Sep 5, 1972, Munich terrorists. Nidal was outraged by Iyad’s softening on the status of Israel.
    (WSJ, 12/21/05, p.D10)

1992        Jan 13, Israeli, Palestinian and Jordanian negotiators began talks in Washington on Palestinian autonomy.
    (AP, 1/13/98)

1992        Mar 4, Another round of Middle East peace negotiations concluded in Washington, D.C., with Israel rejecting a plan for Palestinian elections.
    (AP, 3/4/02)

1992        Apr 7, PLO chairman Yasser Arafat survived the crash landing of his plane in the Libyan desert; three crew members were killed.
    (AP, 4/7/97)

1992        Sep 1, In Israel Ahmed Qatamesh was jailed on suspicion of being a leader of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. He was held without trial for 5 1/2 years and released in 1998.
    (SFC, 4/16/98, p.A12)

1992        Dec 13, An Israeli border guard was kidnapped near Tel Aviv and later killed by the Hamas fundamentalist organization. The slaying prompted Israel to expel hundreds of Palestinians, sending them into Lebanese territory. Abdel Aziz Rantisi was among the 400 deported members of Hamas.
    (AP, 12/13/97)(SSFC, 4/18/04, p.A18)

1992        Dec 18, The U.N. Security Council unanimously denounced Israel's deportation of more than 400 Palestinians to Lebanon and demanded their immediate return.
    (AP, 12/18/97)

1992        In Norway the 1993 Oslo I peace accord was begun in 1992 following a research project on Palestinian living conditions by Terje Roed Larsen. Larsen arranged discussions between Uri Savir of Israel and Ahmed Qureia (Abu Ala) for Palestine.
    (SFEC, 10/31/99, p.A21)

1993        Jan 9, Two Red Cross officials visited a camp of Palestinians who had been deported by Israel to a no man's land in southern Lebanon.
    (AP, 1/9/03)

1993        Jan 19, Israel recognized the PLO as no longer criminal.

1993        Feb 1, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin announced that his country would repatriate about 100 Palestinians deported to Lebanon, an offer rejected by the deportees.
    (AP, 2/1/97)

1993        Mar 30, Israeli authorities barred West Bank Palestinians from entering Israel after two traffic police officers were shot to death.
    (AP, 3/30/98)

1993        Apr 16, In Israel 20 soldiers and civilians were injured in Hamas's first suicide attack against Israelis. Shahar al-Nabulsi, detonated a car, rigged by bombmaker Yahya Ayyash, between two buses at Mehola Junction. The blast killed al-Nabulsi and a Palestinian who worked in the rest area.

1993        Aug 29, Negotiations continued between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization, with Israel reported on the verge of recognizing the PLO.
    (AP, 8/29/98)

1993        Sep 9, PLO leaders and Israel agreed to recognize each other, clearing the way for a peace accord.
    (AP, 9/9/98)

1993        Aug, Norwegian academic Terje Roed-Larsen and other Norwegian mediators helped broker a secret peace accord in which the Palestinians formally recognized Israel's right to exist and Israel agreed to establish self-rule in the West Bank and Gaza. The accord allowed thousands of PLO guerrillas to return to Palestine without Israeli interference.
    (SFC, 6/19/96, p.A8)(SFC, 6/4/98, p.C3)(AP, 11/12/04)     

1993        Sep 13, In a historic scene at the White House, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat shook hands after signing an accord granting limited Palestinian autonomy. It gave Arafat control of most of the Gaza Strip and 27% of the West Bank. In 2002 Neal Kozodoy edited ""The Mideast Peace Process: An Autopsy."
    (AP, 9/13/97)(WSJ, 2/11/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/12/04, p.A11)

1993        Sep 23, The Israeli parliament ratified the Israel-PLO accord.
    (AP, 9/23/98)

1993        Sep 24, The 1st Israeli was killed by Islamics after PLO signed the peace accord.

1993        Oct 6, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chief Yasser Arafat held their first official meeting in Cairo, Egypt, to begin work on realizing terms of the Israeli-PLO accord.
    (AP, 10/6/98)

1993        Oct 11, Yasser Arafat won endorsement for his peace accord with Israel from the Palestine Central Council.
    (AP, 10/11/98)

1993        Nov 25, Violence broke out in the Gaza Strip, a day after Israeli undercover soldiers killed Imad Akel, the head of the military wing of Hamas.
    (HN, 11/25/98)

1993        Dec 5, A Palestinian boarded a bus and opened fire with an assault rifle in the first major attack in Israel since the signing of a peace pact with the PLO; the gunman killed a reservist before being gunned down.
    (AP, 12/5/98)

1993        Dec 19, Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and senior PLO officials ended two days of closed-door talks in Oslo, Norway, in which they sought to break a deadlock over Palestinian self-rule in the occupied territories.
    (AP, 12/19/98)

1993        Dec 25, Full-fledged Christmas celebrations returned to Bethlehem for the first time since the Palestinian uprising began six years earlier.
    (AP, 12/25/98)

1994        Jan 10, Talks between Israeli and Palestinian negotiators resumed in Taba, Egypt.
    (AP, 1/10/99)

1994        Feb 9, PLO leader Yasser Arafat and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres initialed an agreement on security measures that had been blocking a peace accord.
    (AP, 2/9/99)

1994        Feb 25, In the Hebron massacre, Jewish settler Dr. Baruch Goldstein opened fire on Palestinians praying in the Tomb of the Patriarchs in Hebron and killed 29 people. Some 100 others were wounded. Surviving Palestinians killed him before he could reload.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A12)(SFC, 6/20/96, p.A8)(MT, Fall/03, p.15)

1994        Mar 31, The PLO and Israel agreed to resume talks on Palestinian autonomy, more than a month after the Hebron mosque massacre.
    (AP, 3/31/99)

1994        Apr 6, A car rigged with explosives detonated next to a bus in Afula, Israel. 8 Israelis were killed and 45 wounded in Hamas's 1st car bombing.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)(AP, 4/6/99)(SFC, 3/23/04, p.A11)

1994        April 13, A Palestinian blew himself up on a bus in Hadera in central Israel. Six Israelis were killed and 25 wounded. It was Hamas's 1st suicide bombing.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)(SFC, 3/23/04, p.A11)

1994        Apr 20, Israeli and PLO negotiators wrapped up an agreement transferring civilian government powers to Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
    (AP, 4/20/99)

1994        Apr 29, Israel and the PLO signed an agreement in Paris granting Palestinians broad authority to set taxes, control trade and regulate banks under self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
    (AP, 4/29/99)

1994        May 1, Israeli and PLO delegates opened a final round of talks in Cairo, Egypt, on Palestinian autonomy prior to the signing of an agreement on self-rule.
    (AP, 5/1/99)

1994        May 4, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat signed a historic accord on Palestinian autonomy that granted self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
    (AP, 5/4/97)

1994        May 14, The West Bank town of Jericho saw its first full day of Palestinian self-rule following the withdrawal of Israeli troops, an event celebrated by Palestinians.
    (AP, 5/14/99)

1994        May 27, Palestine Liberation Organization officials announced that Yasser Arafat had named himself interior minister of the autonomous zones as part of an interim government; 14 other prominent Palestinians, mostly Arafat allies, were appointed to other positions.
    (AP, 5/28/99)

1994        Jul 1, PLO chairman Yasser Arafat drove from Egypt into Gaza, returning to Palestinian land after 27 years in exile.
    (AP, 7/1/99)

1994        Aug 24, Israeli and PLO negotiators agreed on an accord to give the Palestinians control of health care, taxation, education and other services in West Bank areas still controlled by Israel.
    (AP, 8/24/99)

1994        Oct 14, The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to PLO leader Yasser Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres.
    (SFC, 10/12/96, p.A13)(AP, 10/14/99)

1994        Oct 19, A Palestinian suicide bomber killed 22 Israelis and wounded 48 in a bus explosion in Tel Aviv. Hamas took responsibility.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)

1994        Nov 11, A suicide bomber killed three soldiers at an Israeli military checkpoint in Gaza. The Islamic Jihad took responsibility.
    (AP, 11/11/99)

1994        Nov 18, Fifteen people were killed and more than 150 wounded when Palestinian police opened fire on rioting worshippers outside a mosque in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 11/18/99)

1994        Dec 7, PLO chairman Yasser Arafat, meeting with U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher in Gaza City, pledged to protect Israelis from militant extremists.
    (AP, 12/7/99)

1994        Dec 10, Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin received the Nobel Peace Prize, pledging to pursue their mission of healing the anguished Middle East.
    (AP, 12/10/99)

1994        Dec 25, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up on a bus in Jerusalem and wounded 12 Israelis. Hamas took responsibility.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)(AP, 12/25/99)

1994        The Oslo agreement gave Palestinians a measure of self-rule.
    (WSJ, 6/17/96, p.A15)
1994        Arafat promised to turn the Gaza Strip and West Bank into a new Singapore.
    (SFC, 6/10/97, p.A12)
1994        Abu-Hassan, a postal inspector, was jailed by the Palestinian authority. He had been jailed earlier for 13 years by the Israelis for being a member of George Habash's Palestinian Front for the Liberation of Palestine.
    (SFC, 12/22/99, p.A19)
1994        Yasser Arafat appointed Sheik Ikrima Sabri as the mufti or chief Islamic cleric of Jerusalem.
    (SFEC, 3/26/00, p.A19)
1994        Mohammed Rashid became Arafat's top financial adviser when the Palestinian Authority was established, following interim peace deals with Israel.
    (AP, 5/16/12)
1994        The US allowed the PLO to open a mission in Washington, a move that required Pres. Bill Clinton to waive a law that said the Palestinians couldn't have an office.
    (AP, 9/10/18)

1994-1998    At least 18 Palestinians died while under detention by the Palestinian Authority.
    (SFC, 1/9/98, p.A8)

1995        Feb 2, The leaders of Egypt, Israel, Jordan and the Palestinians held an unprecedented summit in Cairo to try to revive the Mideast peace process.
    (AP, 2/2/00)(http://tinyurl.com/255pml)

1995        Mar 19, Palestinian gunmen opened fire on a bus carrying Jewish settlers, killing two people.
    (AP, 3/19/00)

1995        Aug 3, A Palestinian, Eyad Ismoil, was flown to the United States from Jordan to face charges he’d driven a bomb-laden van into New York’s World Trade Center. The 1993 explosion killed six people and injured more than one-thousand; Ismoil is serving a life sentence.
    (AP, 8/3/00)

1995        Sep 24, Israel’s Rabin and the PLO under Arafat, signed a pact, Oslo II, in Taba, Egypt, ending nearly three decades of Israeli occupation of West Bank cities. They scheduled a 9/7/97 date for Israel’s departure from the West Bank, except for Jewish settlements and certain military locations. A final accord was scheduled for 5/7/99. The Oslo Accords stipulated that 80% of the water from the “mountain aquifer" beneath land occupied by Israel in 1967 should go to Israel, and the rest to the Palestinians.
    (SFC, 1/9/96, p.A10)(AP, 9/24/00)(SFC, 4/30/02, p.A8)(Econ, 7/30/16, p.38)

1995        Sep 27, Azzam Rahim, a naturalized US citizen, was arrested during a visit to the West Bank by intelligence officers of the Palestinian Authority. He was imprisoned in Jericho and was reportedly tortured and killed there on Sep 29.
    (SFC, 4/19/12, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/7udfqt2)

1995        Sep 28, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat signed an accord to transfer much of the West Bank to the control of its Arab residents.
    (AP, 9/28/98)

1995        Oct 10, Israel began a West Bank pullback and freed hundreds of Palestinian prisoners.

1995        Oct 26, Islamic Jihad leader Fathi Shakaki was shot to death on the Mediterranean island of Malta in a killing his supporters blamed on Israel.
    (LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.17A)(AP, 10/26/05)

1995        Oct 29, Palestinians burned American and Israeli flags and swore revenge for the assassination of Dr. Fathi Shakaki, the leader of the radical Islamic Jihad and a top architect of terror attacks against Israel. Shakaki was gunned down three days earlier in Malta, reportedly by Israeli intelligence.
    (AP, 10/29/00)

1995        Nov 9, Yasser Arafat made a secret trip to Israel to offer condolences to the widow of assassinated PM Rabin.
    (SFC, 11/11/04, p.A18)

1995        Dec 21, The city of Bethlehem passed from Israeli to Palestinian control.
    (AP, 12/21/97)

1995         Dec. 26, Most Arab residents of the West Bank and Gaza are being placed under Arafat's     control.
    (WSJ, 12/27/95, p. A-1)

1995        The Palestinian Legislative Council passed a law that elevated Ahmed Qurei, parliament speaker, to the presidency for 40 days to allow for new elections in the event of Arafat’s death.
    (SFC, 12/12/01, p.A3)

1995        Fathi Shakaki, leader of the Islamic Jihad, was killed in Malta. Israel was blamed for the killing.
    (LVRJ, 11/1/97, p.17A)

1996         Jan 20, Yasser Arafat was elected president in the first Palestinian elections. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians turned out to vote in the festive first election, solidly endorsing Arafat and his peace policies.
    (WSJ, 12/27/95, p. A-1)(SFC, 2/8/99, p.A6)(AP, 1/20/01)

1996        Jan 6, In Gaza Yehiyeh Ayyash, a Hamas bomb-maker known as "the engineer" was assassinated by an explosives-rigged cellular phone. The operation was attributed to Israel.
    (SFC, 4/2/98, p.A12)(SFC, 3/23/04, p.A11)

1996        Feb 25, In separate attacks 2 Palestinian suicide bombers blew up a bus in Jerusalem and a soldiers hitchhiking post in the coastal city of Ashkelon. 23 Israelis were killed, as well as 2 Americans and a Palestinian. More than 80 people were wounded. Hamas took responsibility.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)

1996        Feb 26, An Arab American drove a rental car into a Jerusalem bus stop and killed one Israeli while wounded 23. The driver appeared to be acting on his own but Hamas took responsibility.
    (G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)

1996        Feb, The Gaza Strip, sealed off by Israel for 333 days due to Palestinian attacks, was re-opened. The closure drove up adult unemployment and forced many children to seek work.
    (SFC,12/13/97, p.A10)

1996        Mar 3, Israel declared all-out war on the militant group Hamas after a bus bomb in Jerusalem killed 19 people, including the bomber, the third such suicide attack in eight days.
    (WSJ, 3/4/96, p. A-1)(AP, 3/3/01)

1996        Mar 4, A suicide bomber blew himself up outside a Tel Aviv shopping center, killing 13 people in the fourth deadly attack in nine days.
    (WSJ, 3/5/96, p. A-1)(AP, 3/4/01)

1996        Mar, Israel was to have pulled out of Hebron, but postponed the move after a series of Palestinian suicide bombings.
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A10)

1996        Apr 24, The Palestine National Council voted to revoke articles that contradicted the 1993 accords between Israel and PLO, specifically the parts that called for Israel’s destruction.
    (WSJ, 4/25/96, p.A-1)

1996        May 5, Israel and the Palestinians began the final stage of their peace talks in Taba, Egypt.
    (AP, 5/5/97)

1996        May 13, David Boim (17), an American, was standing at a bus stop in the West Bank with fellow yeshiva students when two Palestinian terrorists drove by in a car, shot him in the head, and killed him. In 2004 a US court awarded his parents $156 million against US-based Muslim activists. In 2007 a federal appeals court overturned the judgement.
    (www.danielpipes.org/article/334)(SFC, 12/29/07, p.A3)

1996        May 20, Dr. Eyyad Sarraj, a Palestinian human rights advocate, was arrested after accusing the Palestinian Authority of dictatorial rule and torturing prisoners in the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 5/20/96, p.A-9)

1996        May 24, Sheik Hamed Bitawi said that Hamas leader Sheik Ahmed Yassin might issue a call to end terrorist attacks against Israel. The leadership of Hamas would like to move to a position as a democratic alternative to Arafat’s PLO.
    (SFC, 5/25/96, p.A12)   
1996        Jun 10, Arafat’s government detained Eyad Sarraj, head of the Independent Commission for Citizen’s Rights. Sarraj says the Palestinian Authority is corrupt.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)

1996        Jun 12, Eyad Sarraj smuggled out a message that said he was being beaten and framed on drug charges.
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.C3)

1996        Jul 31, Mahmoud Jumayal died under interrogation by the Palestinian security forces. He was the 8th in 2 years.
    (SFC, 8/21/96, p.A8,10)

1996        Aug 27, Israeli police tore down a youth center in Jerusalem’s Old City saying that it was illegally built with money from Arafat’s Palestinian Authority.
    (SFC, 8/28/96, p.A8)

1996        Aug 29, Yasser Arafat called for a 4-hour general strike in Palestine in opposition to Israeli political actions.
    (SFC, 8/29/96, p.A1)

1996        Sep 2, Stories of corruption were rife and Arafat was accused of pouring money into his 9 security forces rather than infrastructure.
    (SFC, 9/2/96, p.A14)

1996        Sep 4, Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu met with Palestinian leader Arafat and agreed to pursue a peace settlement.
    (WSJ, 9/5/96, p.1)

1996        Sep 6, The Palestinian Al Quds Univ. in Abu Dis was reopened after a 6-month closure.
    (SFC, 9/7/96, p.A9)

1996        Sep 25, Violence began in Jerusalem when Israelis opened a tunnel along the west wall of the old city in opposition to Palestinian sentiments. Seven Arabs were killed. Resulting riots left 69 Palestinians dead along with 16 Israelis.
    (SFC, 9/26/96, p.A10)(AP, 9/25/97)(Econ, 2/17/07, p.48)

1996        Oct 1, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat met at the White House.
    (AP, 10/1/97)

1996        Nov 1, Nahum Kurman, the security chief of a Jewish settlement, was charged for killing 11-year-old Palestinian, Hilmi Shousha. Kurman claimed the boy fell and banged his head. He was sentenced in 2001 to 6 months of community service and a $17,000 fine.
    (SFC, 11/2/96, p.C1)(SFC, 1/24/01, p.A13)

1996        Nov 19, Two Israeli border policemen were arrested after a videotape showed them beating and kicking Palestinian laborers.
    (SFC, 11/20/96, p.C2)

1996        Dec 18, Palestinian police arrested 3 members of a militant group that killed 2 Jewish settlers on Dec 11.
    (WSJ, 12/19/96, p.A1)

1996        The Palestinians summoned Moroccan and Egyptian engineers and began constructing a 3-km. long runway for an Int’l. Airport at the village of Raffiach, whose residents were ordered to leave by the Palestinian Authority.
    (SFC, 6/12/97, p.A14)

1997        Jan 1, An off-duty Israeli soldier, Noam Friedman, with a history of mental problems opened fire on a crowded vegetable market in Hebron, wounding 5 [7] people and touching off a stone-throwing demonstration by angry Palestinians.
    (SFC, 1/1/97, p.A1)(AP, 1/1/98)

1997        Jan 7, The Hebron Protocol or Hebron Agreement began and was concluded from January 15 to January 17, 1997 between Israel, represented by PM Benjamin Netanyahu, and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), represented by PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat, under the supervision of US Secretary of State Warren Christopher, for redeployment of Israeli military forces in Hebron. Palestinian authorities gained control of 80% of Hebron.
    (SFC, 12/4/08, p.A27)

1997        Jan 14, The US mediated an agreement was reached on Hebron. Palestinian police would be allowed to carry limited-range weapons in buffer zones between them and Jewish settlers. Israel committed to reopening a central road and Palestinian market.
    (USAT, 1/15/97, p.9A)(SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A17)

1997        Jan 15, The Israeli cabinet approved the Hebron accord 11-7. The Palestinian cabinet approved the accord by a wide margin.
    (WSJ, 1/16/97, p.A1)

1997        Jan 19, Yasser Arafat returned to Hebron for the first time in more than 30 years, joining 60,000 Palestinians in celebrating the handover of the last West Bank city in Israeli control.
    (AP, 1/19/98)

1997        Jan 19, Hanan Ashrawi was described as one of the most influential women in the Arab world. She founded the Palestinian Independent Commission for Citizen’s Rights.
    (SFEC, 1/19/96, Parade p.5)

1997        Feb 23, Ali Hassan Abu Kamal (69), a Palestinian teacher, opened fire on the 86th-floor observation deck of New York City's Empire State Building, killing one person and wounding six others before shooting himself to death. He was said to have acted on personal motives not associated to any political group.
    (SFC, 2/24/97, p.A1)(AP, 2/23/98)

1997        Mar 6, Israel approved turning over 9% of the West Bank outside major towns to Palestinian control.
    (WSJ, 3/7/97, p.A1)

1997        Mar 18, Construction began on the disputed Jerusalem housing project.
    (WSJ, 3/19/97, p.A1)

1997        Mar 21, In Tel Aviv, Israel, a Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up on a terrace of an outdoor restaurant and killed 3 Israeli women and injured 46.
    (SFC, 3/22/97, p.A1)(AP, 3/21/02)

1997        Mar 22, Israeli troops fired live ammunition at Arab protestors in Hebron and injured about 100 Palestinians.
    (SFEC, 3/23/97,  p.A13)

1997        May 5, Arafat’s justice minister said he would impose the death penalty on Palestinians who sell land to Israelis to prevent Israel’s expansion.
    (WSJ, 5/6/97, p.A1)

1997        May 25, The Palestinian Center for the Protection of Human Rights and the Environment issued a report that claimed the government lost $326 million to corruption and mismanagement last year.
    (SFEC, 5/26/97, p.A8)

1997        Jun 16, Israeli soldiers wounded 38 Palestinians in the 3rd day of protests at Hebron.
    (WSJ, 6/17/97, p.A1)

1997        Jun 21, Riots spread to Nablus on the West Bank protesting Jewish settlements.
    (SFEC, 6/22/97, p.D3)

1997        Jul 20, Palestinian security forces arrested 4 Palestinian police officers who were accused of planning to attack Jewish settlers. Israel had arrested 4 Palestinian policemen a week earlier for planned attacks at the settlement of Har Bracha.
    (SFC, 7/21/97, p.A8)

1997        Jul 30, Two men bombed Jerusalem's most crowded outdoor market, killing themselves and 16 others. Following the suicide bombing in Israel that killed 15 people, 79 Palestinians were arrested.
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A8)(AP, 7/30/98)

1997        Aug 1, Sixteen of Arafat’s  18 Cabinet members offered their resignations in response to allegations of widespread corruption.
    (SFC, 8/2/97, p.A12)

1997        Aug 1, Israel withheld $25 million in tax revenues from the Palestinian Authority, which made the Authority unable to meet its payroll.
    (SFC, 8/4/97, p.A8)

1997        Aug 16, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, the most popular singer in Pakistan, died in a London hospital. He was considered one of the world’s greatest singers of Sufi devotional music in a style called qawwali, where long performances built up emotion and complexity to the backdrop of stringed instruments and the harmonium.
    (SFEC, 8/17/97, p.D8)

1997        Aug 20, Palestinian Pres. Arafat met with Islamic militant groups including Hamas and called for Palestinian unity against Israeli demands.
    (WSJ, 8/21/97, p.A1)

1997        Aug 21, Palestinians began an embargo of Israeli goods.
    (SFC, 8/22/97, p.A14)

1997        Sep 7, This was the scheduled date for Israel’s departure from the West Bank,  except for Jewish settlements and certain military locations according to a peace accord negotiated between Arafat and Rabin on Sep 24, 1995.
    (SFC, 1/9/96, p.A10)

1997        Sep 25, In Jordan Khaled Mashaal, the political leader of Hamas, was chemically attacked by two men with forged Canadian passports in Amman. Hamas accused the men of being Israeli Mossad agents. Jordan's King Hussein intervened, forcing Israel to send the antidote that saved the Hamas leader's life and release the group's jailed founder in exchange for the freedom of its captured agents.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A10)(SFC, 10/3/97, p.B4)(SFC, 10/12/97, p.A17)(AP, 9/25/04)

1997        Oct 1, Israel under PM Netanyahu freed Sheik Ahmed Yassin (61), the founder and spiritual leader of Hamas. The ill Yassin was taken to Jordan and hospitalized. As part of the deal an antidote for the chemical used on last week’s Meshaal attack was demanded by Jordan and Israel requested the release of the Meshaal attackers. This secured the release of two Mossad agents arrested in Jordan following a botched assassination attempt against Hamas political leader Khalid Mashaal.
    (SFC, 10/2/97, p.A10)(AP, 10/1/98)(Econ, 10/15/11, p.55)

1997        Oct 6, In Palestine Sheik Ahmed Yassin (61), the quadriplegic spiritual leader of Hamas, returned to the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 10/7/97, p.A14)

1997        Oct 19, Sheik Ahmed Yassin, founder of Hamas, announced a halt in attacks against Israel.
    (SFC,10/20/97, p.A8)

1997        Oct 25, Israeli soldiers fired tear gas and rubber bullets at stone-throwing Palestinians who were marching for the release of Palestinian prisoners. Some 3,000 Palestinian political prisoners were being held by Israel and a third have never been tried.
    (SFEC,10/26/97, p.A24)

1997        Nov 15, 8-year-old Ali Jawarish died 4 days after he was shot in the head by an Israeli soldier in Bethlehem during a stone-throwing demonstration at the Jewish shrine of Rachel’s Tomb.
    (SFC,11/17/97, p.A14)

1997        Nov 29, Dozens were injured after a Palestinian march in Bethlehem erupted into a clash with Israeli troops.
    (SFEC,11/30/97, p.A22)

1997        Dec 9, Israeli officials scrambled to stop a Yasser Arafat’s government from conducting a census of Palestinians in East Jerusalem.
    (SFC,12/10/97, p.A13)

1997        Uri Savir, Israeli negotiator, authored "The Process: The Story of Oslo from A to Z."
    (SFC, 9/8/03, p.A8)

1997        Hamas founder Sheik Ahmed Yassin offered Israel a 30-year truce.
    (AP, 3/24/04)

1998        Jan 13, In Israel the Cabinet adopted a 12-page list of conditions for the Palestinians to meet before the transfer of any more West Bank land.
    (SFC, 1/14/98, p.C2)

1998        Feb 4, It was reported that the 300,000 Palestinians living in Lebanon in refugee camps were barred from work outside the camps except for common labor or agriculture. The refugees, mostly Sunni Muslims from a minority tribe, were not wanted by the Lebanese.
    (SFC, 2/4/98, p.C2)

1998        Feb 26, Three Israeli soldiers were killed in a Hezbollah attack in southern Lebanon.
    (WSJ, 2/27/98, p.A1)

1998        Mar 9, In Israel soldiers at a checkpoint killed 3 Palestinian laborers in a van near Hebron. Two soldiers involved were arrested.
    (SFC, 3/11/98, p.A8)

1998        Mar 13, Israeli and Palestinian troops made a joint effort to end four days of protests over the killing of West Bank workers.
    (SFC, 3/14/98, p.A9)

1998        Mar 29, Elias Freij, the former mayor of Bethlehem (1972-1997), died in Jordan at age 80.
    (SFC, 3/30/98, p.A17)

1998        Mar 29, In Palestine the body of Mohiyedine Sharif, a master bomb-maker for Hamas, was found at the scene of an exploded car in Ramallah. His body had bullet holes. Israel denied involvement in the killing. Sharif was a member of the Izzedine Qassam, a military wing of Hamas. Palestinian security officials later assigned the murder to Adel Awadallah, a rival for leadership in Hamas.
    (SFC, 4/2/98, p.A12)(SFC, 4/798, p.A12)

1998        Apr 2, Shaking their fists in rage, thousands of mourners marched in a funeral procession in the West Bank for a top Hamas bombmaker, Mohiyedine Sharif, hailed by Palestinians as a martyr and condemned by Israel as a terrorist.
    (AP, 4/2/99)

1998        May 5, An exasperated Secretary of State Madeleine Albright called on Israel to hand over an additional 13 percent of the West Bank to the Palestinians, on top of the 27 percent already relinquished. Israel, however, continued to balk at the proposal.
    (AP, 5/5/99)

1998        May 13, Israeli jets raided Lebanon and killed 3 men and wounded 21 in an attack on the radical Palestinian group, Fatah the Uprising. As many as 10 men were killed in a Bekaa Valley training camp for Palestinian guerrillas.
    (SFC, 5/13/98, p.A13)(SFC, 5/14/98, p.C2)

1998        May 14, Palestinians marked the 50th anniversary of the creation of Israel with 2 minutes of silence and several hours of violence that left 9 dead. They refer to the creation of Israel as the "Nakba" or "Catastrophe."
    (SFC, 5/15/98, p.A14)(SFC, 5/16/98, p.A10)

1998        May 16, Israeli soldiers in Hebron wounded 10 Palestinians in the 3rd straight day of clashes.
    (SFEC, 5/17/98, p.A23)

1998        Jul 7, The UN voted to grant the Palestinian delegation nearly the same rights as given to independent states.
    (SFC, 7/8/98, p.A10)

1998        Jul 19, Seeking to break a 16-month deadlock, Israel and the Palestinians held their first high-level talks in months. Jalal Rumaneh (30), a member of Hamas, attempted to explode a car bomb made of 160 gallons of flammable liquid and nails in Jerusalem. The Fiat van ignited but failed to explode.
    (SFEC, 7/20/98, p.A9)(AP, 7/19/08)

1998        Jul, Walid Qwafmeh (51), the father of 8, was arrested by Palestinian security guards and died on the way to a Nablus hospital in Aug. with a caved in skull. 3 agents including Abdel Latif Abdel Fattah were later found guilty of torturing Qwafmeh. Fattah was sentenced to 7 years in prison. In 1999 Arafat appointed Fattah to a prosecutor's post in the West Bank.
    (SFC, 11/16/99, p.E1)

1998        Aug 24, Israel agreed to turn over an additional 13% of the West Bank to the Palestinians.
    (SFC, 8/25/98, p.A7)

1998        Aug 24, In Egypt Abu Nidal was captured after crossing the border from Libya. He was responsible for terrorist bombings in 1985 at the Rome and Vienna airports and a 1986 hijacking of Pan Am Flight 73 as well as a number of assassinations of PLO figures.
    (SFC, 8/25/98, p.A6)

1998        Aug 30, A firing squad killed two former Palestinian policemen at Gaza prison. They had been convicted of killing 2 other policemen brothers.
    (SFC, 8/31/98, p.A10)

1998        Sep 10, In Israel troops killed Imad and Adel Awadallah, senior figures in Hamas west of Hebron.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A3)

1998        Sep 11, In the West Bank violent protests erupted over the Israeli killing of 2 Hamas leaders.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.A3)

1998        Sep 17, In Israel a Palestinian youth, Iyad Hashem (17), was killed in a drive-by shooting on the West Bank.
    (WSJ, 9/18/98, p.A1)(SFC, 9/18/98, p.A13)

1998        Sep 18, In Israel Hamas supporters clashed with Israeli police during a rally for the Awadallah brothers. 32 Palestinians were injured and the borders with the West Bank and Gaza were again sealed.
    (SFC, 9/19/98, p.A12)

1998        Sep 28, Yasser Arafat met with Benjamin Netanyahu and Pres. Clinton at the White House and agreed to hold a full-scale summit next month.
    (SFC, 9/29/98, p.A1)

1998        Sep 29, In the West Bank one Palestinian was killed and 2 were injured when a bomb blew up their car. They were suspected to be members of Hamas.
    (SFC, 9/30/98, p.A11)

1998        Sep 30, In Israel the army sent reinforcements to Hebron after an assailant threw grenades at troops guarding a central square. 13 soldiers and 11 Palestinians were wounded.
    (WSJ, 10/1/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/1/98, p.A14)

1998        Sep, In Jericho the $50 million Oasis Casino opened as part of a multi million economic development package by Yasser Arafat and the Palestinian Authority. It was operated by Casinos Austria.
    (SFEC, 2/20/99, p.T8)

1998        Oct 7, In Israel at the Gaza border Arafat and Netanyahu met with US Sec. Albright and agreed to an Oct 15 summit meeting with Pres. Clinton.
    (WSJ, 10/8/98, p.A1)

1998        Oct 8, In Israel one man was killed during a clash in Hebron where Palestinians observed a general strike against Israel’s 8-day blockade of the town.
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.13A)

1998        Oct 15, Pres. Clinton opened the Mideast summit talks in Maryland between Arafat and Netanyahu in Washington that resulted in the Wye River land-for-peace agreement.
    (WSJ, 10/16/98, p.A1)(AP, 10/15/99)

1998        Oct 19, In Israel an assailant threw 2 hand grenades into the central bus station of Beersheba and injured at least 30 people. 67 people were wounded and the incident cast a pall over the peace negotiations in Washington. A Palestinian from the West Bank, Salem Rajab al-Sarsour (29), was caught and confessed.
    (SFC, 10/19/98, p.A14)(SFC, 10/20/98, p.A8)

1998        Oct 23, An American brokered peace deal was reached at the Wye Plantation in Maryland between Yasser Arafat and Benjamin Netanyahu. Israeli and Palestinian extremists denounced the deal. Land for the Palestinians was exchanged for security guarantees to the Israelis backed by the American CIA. Pres. Clinton agreed to release Jonathan Pollard, who was jailed 11 years ago on charges of spying for Israel.
    (SFC, 10/24/98, p.A1,10,13)(SFEC, 10/25/98, p.A17)

1998        Oct 25, In Israel West Bank settlers formally broke ties with Prime Minister Netanyahu over the new peace accord. In Ramallah Wasim Tarifi (17) was killed during a Fatah youth protest.
    (SFC, 10/26/98, p.A1)

1998        Oct 26, In Israel 2 Palestinian gunmen killed Danny Vargas (28) in Hebron. In retaliation a 69-year-old Palestinian man was killed outside the Jewish settlement of Itamar.
    (SFC, 10/27/98, p.B1)

1998        Oct 27, Palestinian security forces arrested 2 gunmen in the West Bank who reportedly confessed to the killing of Danny Vargas as well as the murder of another Israeli on Oct 13.
    (SFC, 10/28/98, p.A11)

1998        Oct 28, In Israel a bomb aimed at a busload of school children exploded in the Gaza Strip and 2 people were killed.
    (SFC, 10/29/98, p.A15)

1998        Oct 29, Palestinian authorities arrested the leader of Hamas, Sheik Yassin, following a suicide bombing aimed at a busload of Jewish settler children.
    (SFC, 10/30/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/30/98, p.A1)

1998        Nov 2, Israel and Palestine agreed to delay their interim peace agreement to allow approval by the Israeli cabinet and parliament.
    (SFC, 11/3/98, p.A8)

1998        Nov 11, Israel’s government narrowly ratified a land-for-peace agreement with conditions that included alteration of the PLO charter to strike calls for Israel’s destruction.
    (WSJ, 11/12/98, p.A1)(AP, 11/11/08)

1998        Nov 12, Israel gave the go-ahead to a housing project on a Jerusalem hilltop called Har Homa. The area is known as Jabal Abu Ghneim to the Palestinians and was an area under dispute.
    (SFC, 11/13/98, p.A16)

1998        Nov 17, Israel's parliament overwhelmingly approved the Wye River land-for-peace accord with the Palestinians with a 75 to 19 vote.
    (SFC, 11/18/98, p.A12)(AP, 11/17/99)

1998        Nov 19, In Israel the Cabinet voted 7 to 5 to go ahead with a troop withdrawal from Palestinian land in the West Bank, and to free 250 Palestinian prisoners,
    (SFC, 11/20/98, p.A16)(WSJ, 11/20/98, p.A1)

1998        Nov 20, Israel ceded control of a 200-sq. mile patchwork area to the Palestinian Authority in the 1st of 3 withdrawals.
    (SFC, 11/21/98, p.A10)

1998        Nov 23, In Palestine the $70 million Gaza Int’l. Airport opened and an Egypt Air plane was the first to land.
    (SFC, 11/24/98, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/24/98, p.A1)

1998        Nov 24, The first Palestine Airlines flight touched down at Gaza International Airport.
    (AP, 11/24/99)

1998        Nov 30, Pres. Clinton pledged an extra $400 million to aid the Palestinians over the next 5 years. This was in addition to the current $100 million per year for the next 5 years. A total of $3 billion in aid was pledged.
    (SFC, 12/1/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/1/98, p.A1)

1998        Dec 2, In the West Bank an Israeli soldier was beaten and an Arab man was stabbed to death in Jerusalem. Israel announced the suspension of further troops withdrawals.
    (SFC, 12/3/98, p.A16)

1998        Dec 6, Hundreds of Palestinian prisoners in  Israel started a hunger strike and demanded to be freed.
    (SFC, 12/7/98, p.A14)
1998        Dec 9, A Palestinian teenager was killed as Israeli forces and Palestinian protestors clashed.
    (SFC, 12/10/98, p.A12)

1998        Dec 10, Leaders of the PLO voted to annul passages of their 1964 charter that called for Israel’s destruction.
    (SFC, 12/11/98, p.A18)

1998        Dec 11, Israeli troops fired on hundreds of protesting Palestinians killing 2 and wounding dozens.
    (SFC, 12/12/98, p.A14)

1998        Dec 14, In Gaza City Pres. Clinton watched as hundreds of Palestinian leaders raised their hands to renounce a call for the destruction of Israel. The vote affirmed a January letter from Arafat which specified the paragraphs of the PLO founding charter to be excised.
    (SFC, 12/15/98, p.A1)

1998        Dec 15, Pres. Clinton met with Yasser Arafat and Benjamin Netanyahu without achieving any tangible results to move the Peace Talks forward.
    (SFC, 12/16/98, p.A1)

1998        Dec 22, In Lebanon an Israeli rocket killed woman and her 6 children.
    (SFC, 12/23/98, p.C2)

1998        Dec 23, In Lebanon Hezbollah guerrillas retaliated against Israel with Katyusha rockets at Kiryat Shemona.
    (SFC, 12/24/98, p.A10)

1998        Dec 23, Yasser Arafat freed Hamas spiritual leader Sheik Ahmed Yassin from house arrest.
    (SFC, 12/24/98, p.A10)

1998        The West Bank was populated by about 1.5 million Palestinians and about 150,000 Israelis.
    (SFC, 1/22/98, p.B12)

1999        Jan 4, Israeli troops sealed off Hebron when 2 Jewish settlers were injured by shots fired at their van.
    (WSJ, 1/7/98, p.A1)

1999        Jan 18, The end of Ramadan was marked by prisoner releases in Egypt, Palestine and Afghanistan.
    (WSJ, 1/18/98, p.A1)

1999        Jan 26, A Palestinian man was killed by an Israeli rubber bullet when he threw stones to protest the demolition of an Arab-owned home in East Jerusalem.
    (SFC, 1/27/99, p.C10)

1999        Feb 1, In Gaza a Palestinian security agent was killed in a shootout with 3 members of Hamas, who then sped away and ran over an 8-year-old girl. The girl died. Raed Attar, Osama Abu Taha, and Mohammed Abu Shamala were later arrested in Shati refugee camp.
    (SFC, 2/2/99, p.A10)

1999        Feb 12, In Hebron, Yasser Arafat again proposed that a confederation be made between Jordan and a future Palestinian state.
    (SFC, 2/13/99, p.A3)

1999        Feb 27, Hezbollah guerrillas in Lebanon detonated 2 roadside bombs and killed Israeli Brig. Gen'l. Erez Gerstein, 2 soldiers and a reporter.
    (SFC, 3/1/99, p.A1)

1999        Feb 28, Israel sent warplanes against guerrilla targets in Lebanon in retaliation for the death of Brig. Gen'l. Erez Gerstein and 3 others.
    (SFC, 3/1/99, p.A1)

1999        Mar 10, In Palestine security forces shot and killed 2 teenagers during protests in Gaza after Raed al-Attar was sentenced to die for killing police captain Rifat Joudah in Feb. Two others were sentenced to jail.
    (SFC, 3/11/99, p.A12)

1999        Mar 11, In Palestine at least 85 people were injured in a 2nd day of clashes in the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 3/12/99, p.A15)

1999        Mar 26, The EU declared that the creation of a Palestine state was the best way to resolve the Middle East conflict, and the action could not be vetoed by Israel.
    (SFC, 3/27/99, p.A10)

1999        Apr 26, The Clinton administration urged a one-year extension of the Oslo peace process and pressured Pres. Arafat not to declare an independent state on May 4.
    (SFC, 4/27/99, p.A8)

1999        Apr 28, The 124-member Palestine Central Council decided not to declare a Palestinian state on May 4, and that deliberations would continue till after Israel's May 17 elections. In exchange Arafat won EU backing for a state within a year and the support of Pres. Clinton for self-determination.
    (SFC, 4/28/99, p.C2)(WSJ, 4/30/99, p.A1)

1999        May 4, Yasser Arafat promised in 1997 to declare statehood, unilaterally if necessary. The five year interim period of Palestinian autonomy was to end. The declaration was deferred on April 28.
    (WSJ, 11/14/97, p.A1)(SFC, 5/20/98, p.A12)(SFC, 5/4/99, p.A11,14)

1999        May 7, A final peace accord was to be settled with Palestinians by this time as negotiated by Yasser Arafat and Rabin in [Oct] 1995.
    (SFC, 1/9/96, p.A10)

1999        Jun 2, Palestinian leaders said they would not resume peace talks unless settlement expansion in the West Bank and Gaza is frozen.
    (SFC, 6/3/99, p.A13)

1999        Jun, Enron Corp. announced a 20-year power purchase agreement with the Palestinian Energy Authority. A $140 million, 136-megawatt power plant in the Gaza Strip was part of the plan. Work halted in 2000.
    (SFC, 3/2/02, p.A9)

1999        Jul 8, It was reported that Palestinian water shortages were due Israeli diversions of 80% of West Bank aquifer water.
    (SFC, 7/8/99, p.A10)

1999        Jul 11, In Gaza Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak met with Yasser Arafat and both promised to work for peace.
    (SFC, 7/12/99, p.A1)

1999        Aug 8, In Jerusalem Yasser Arafat accepted Ehud Barak's proposal to delay land transfers and troop withdrawals until October.
    (SFC, 8/9/99, p.A8)

1999        Aug 30 In Israel the bodies of an Israeli couple were found on the West Bank border near the Megiddo forest. Palestinian extremists were suspected as responsible.
    (SFC, 8/31/99, p.A12)

1999        Sep 1, In Jerusalem disagreement over the release of 30 Palestinians, jailed for killing Israelis, was the only issue holding up the signing of a land-for-security deal.
    (SFC, 9/2/99, p.A14)

1999        Sep 3, Israel and the Palestinians, prodded by Madeleine Albright, agreed to a peace deal that called for finalizing borders in one year, the completion of Wye River land-for-security, and the release of 350 Palestinian prisoners.
    (SFC, 9/4/99, p.A1)

1999        Sep 4, At Sharm El-Sheikh (Sharm Al Sheik), Egypt, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian Authority Pres. Yasser Arafat signed a new deal that ceded West Bank land to the Palestinians and set up a timetable for peace.
    (SFEC, 9/5/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 9/21/99, p.A21)

1999        Sep 8, In Israel the parliament approved the amended Wye River accord.
    (WSJ, 9/9/99, p.A1)

1999        Sep 9, Israel released 199 Palestinians from prison and detailed the 7% of West Bank land scheduled for transfer.
    (SFC, 9/10/99, p.D3)(WSJ, 9/10/99, p.A1)

1999        Sep 10, Israel transferred 7% of the West Bank to Palestinian control.
    (SFC, 9/11/99, p.A8)

1999        Sep 13, In Gaza Israelis and Palestinians opened talks on a final peace accord.
    (SFC, 9/14/99, p.A12)

1999        Oct 4, Israeli PM Ehud Barak and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat agreed on terms for the first safe route between the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 10/5/99, p.A11)

1999        Oct 14, Israel released 151 Palestinian prisoners as part of the interim peace accord signed Sept. 4.
    (SFC, 10/15/99, p.D3)

1999        Oct 21, In Palestine a West Bank fire killed 16 women making cigarette lighters in an unlicensed Hebron facility.
    (WSJ, 10/22/99, p.A1)

1999        Oct 23, Palestine planned to issue a national currency and the IMF estimated that 2 years of preparations would be needed.
    (SFEC, 10/27/99, p.A28)

1999        Oct 25, Israel opened a 34-mile safe-passage corridor from the Gaza Strip to the West Bank.
    (SFC, 10/26/99, p.A10)

1999        Oct 25, An Israeli soldier shot and killed a Palestinian souvenir vendor, Mousa Abu Hilail, near Rachel's tomb. Two days of rioting followed.
    (SFC, 10/27/99, p.A13)

1999        Nov 2, Pres. Clinton met with Ehud Barak and Yasser Arafat in Oslo to revitalize the peace process.
    (SFC, 11/3/99, p.A12)

1999        Nov 19, In Ramallah, West Bank (Reuters), Israeli security forces fired tear gas and rubber-coated metal bullets at stone-throwing Palestinians demanding the release of Palestinian prisoners from Israel's jails.
    (Excite, 11/20/99)

1999        Nov 28, In Palestine security forces arrested a group of professionals and intellectuals who signed a petition that accused Yasser Arafat of tyranny, corruption and injustice. 6 dissidents signed statements in jail that saying they did not intend to harm Arafat. 9 others who signed the petition were legislators and immune from arrest.
    (SFC, 11/29/99, p.A14)(WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A1)

1999        Dec 13, Israeli troops killed 2 men in Beit Awa in the West Bank and captured 3 others during a search for Hamas activists.
    (SFC, 12/14/99, p.B2)

1999        Dec 29, Israel released 26 Palestinian security prisoners as part of the interim peace accord. It was the first time Israel had released Palestinians who had killed Israelis or tourists.
    (SFC, 12/30/99, p.C2)

1999        Abu Daoud first acknowledged having a role in the 1972 Munich operation in the book: "Palestine: From Jerusalem to Munich." Abu Daoud recalled sitting at a cafe in Rome with fellow PLO guerrilla leader Abu Iyad and his assistant, Mohammed al-Omari, when they read in a newspaper that the International Olympics Committee had refused the PLO's request to send a Palestinian delegation to the Munich Olympics. Daoud was given the task of doing the operation's groundwork.
    (AP, 2/24/06)

2000        Jan 4, Israel and Palestine agreed on the transfer of an additional 5% of West Bank land.
    (SFC, 1/5/00, p.A6)

2000        Jan 14, In Israel Lafi al-Rajabi (20), a Palestinian, died while under Israeli detention near Ariel. His body bore wounds, cuts and bruises. He had been arrested 7 months earlier for ties to criminal defendants and not carrying an ID card. An Israeli official said Lafi hanged himself and dismissed claims that he was abused.
    (SFC, 1/20/00, p.C16)(SFC, 1/21/00, p.D3)

2000        Mar 2, In Israel commandos killed as many as 4 Palestinian extremist suspects at Taibeh. They said that 4 simultaneous bombings were scheduled in crowded areas of major cities.
    (SFC, 3/3/00, p.A14)

2000        Mar 22, In Bethlehem Pope John Paul II affirmed support for a Palestinian homeland.
    (SFC, 3/23/00, p.A1)

2000        May 14, Thousands of Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza demonstrated and violence erupted with at least one person killed.
    (SFC, 5/15/00, p.A1)

2000        May 15, Palestinian police and Israeli soldiers fought gun battles across the West Bank and Gaza Strip. 4 people were killed and hundreds were wounded.
    (SFC, 5/16/00, p.A1)

2000        May 16, Palestinian demonstrators continued to fight Israeli forces for a 5th day but Palestinian authorities appeared to contain most of the violence.
    (SFC, 5/17/00, p.A14)

2000        May 20, Israeli warplanes attacked Palestinian targets in Lebanon and destroyed 10 tanks. Israeli soldiers clashed with Palestinian demonstrators for the 9th day in Palestinian territories within Israel.
    (SFEC, 5/21/00, p.A10)

2000        May 25, Khalid Mohhamed Younis al-Bahar (35) was arrested without charges. He died at Dhaheria Prison June 6 and no autopsy report was released.
    (SFC, 6/14/00, p.A12)

2000        Jul 3, The Palestinian leadership said that a Palestinian state would be declared by September 13.
    (SFC, 7/5/00, p.A8)(WSJ, 7/5/00, p.A1)

2000        Jul 11, A Middle East summit hosted by President Clinton opened at Camp David between Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat.
    (AP, 7/11/01)(SFC, 7/12/00, p.A1)

2000        Jul 25, The Israeli-Palestinian peace talks ended at Camp David with no success due to the difficulty over the issue of Jerusalem.
    (SFC, 7/26/00, p.A1)

2000        Jul 28, Pres. Clinton warned Yasser Arafat that relations with the US would be harmed if statehood was declared without a peace deal with Israel.
    (SFC, 7/29/00, p.A10)

2000        Aug, British gas discovered  a vast natural gas field 22 miles off the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 9/28/00, p.A14)

2000        Sep 3, In Egypt a 2-day meeting of Arab League foreign ministers opened. Yasser Arafat said he would not accept a peace deal without control of Jerusalem.
    (SFC, 9/4/00, p.B10)

2000        Sep 10, The Palestine Central Council in Gaza postponing the Sep 13 deadline for statehood and planned to pursue another round of peace talks.
    (SFC, 9/11/00, p.A1)

2000        Sep 28, Ariel Sharon led an armed contingent of supporters to the top of Temple Mount in Jerusalem, the site of 2 mosques, and incited Arab demonstrations. This marked the beginning of the 2nd Palestinian uprising.
    (SFC, 4/30/02, p.A8)(SFC, 3/23/04, p.A11)

2000        Sep 29, Five people were killed in clashes between Palestinian protesters and Israeli police at the Temple Mount. It was the 2nd day of clashes following a visit to the site by Ariel Sharon.
    (SFC, 9/30/00, p.A1)

2000        Sep 30, Palestinians clashed with Israeli forces across the West Bank and Gaza for a 3rd day and 12 Palestinians were killed with over 500 injured. Mohammed Jamal Aldura (12) was among the dead and French TV showed him clinging to his father as they were caught in gunfire. The Israeli Army later said that Palestinian gunfire may have killed the boy.
    (SFEC, 10/1/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/2/00, p.A12)(SFC, 11/28/00, p.A16)

2000        Sep, The Waqf clerical trust imposed a ban on non-Muslims to visit the Temple Mount.
    (SFC, 1/22/02, p.A7)

2000        Sep, The Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade was founded in response to Israeli killings.
    (SFC, 4/12/02, p.A16)

2000        Oct 1, Israeli forces fought Palestinian rioters for a 3rd day and at least 12 Palestinians were killed. The fighting spread from the West Bank and Gaza to towns and cities inside Israel.
    (SFC, 10/2/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 2, Israeli troops fired on protesting Arabs. 19 people were killed in the West Bank and Gaza and another 7 in Arab towns of northern Galilee. The 4 day toll rose to 48 dead and over 1,300 wounded. In 2003 the Or Commission blamed the government of PM Barak for not paying attention to rising discontent among Israel’s Arabs. In 2005 Israeli authorities, citing lack of evidence, said they would not file charges against any police officers for the killings of 13 Arabs during the October, 2000, riots.
    (SFC, 10/3/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/3/00, p.A1)(SFC, 9/18/05, p.A3)

2000        Oct 3, A cease-fire between Israel and the Palestinians quickly crumbled and the death toll climbed to at least 54. Ehud Barak and Yasser Arafat planned to meet in Paris to seek an end to the conflict.
    (SFC, 10/4/00, p.A10)

2000        Oct 4, In Israel Barak agreed to withdraw heavy arms from the West Bank and Gaza in a bid to halt violence.
    (WSJ, 10/5/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 5, Israeli tanks pulled back from forward positions and Palestinian security forces cleared stone throwers from the streets in the 1st steps of a US-brokered cease-fire.
    (SFC, 10/6/00, p.A17)

2000        Oct 6, Israel pulled troops from Joseph’s Tomb in Nablus in an effort to ease tensions.
    (SFC, 10/7/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 7, Palestinians tore up Joseph’s Tomb in Nablus and Hezbollah guerrillas captured 3 Israeli soldiers. Prime Minister Ehud Barak threatened to use force and to halt the peace process unless the violence stopped.
    (SFEC, 10/8/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 9, Israel backed from a deadline against the Palestinians to stop violence in the West Bank and Gaza.
    (SFC, 10/10/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 11, Palestinians continued to riot in Gaza and the West Bank and the death toll approached 100.
    (SFC, 10/12/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 12, The Palestinian Authority released hundreds of prisoners including senior Islamic militants.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A5)
2000        Oct 12, A mob of Palestinians beat at least 2 Israeli reserve soldiers to death. Israeli helicopters fired missiles at targets in Gaza in retaliation. Two reservist soldiers, Cpl. Vadim Norjitz (33) and Yossi Avrahami (38) were on their way to their army base in the West Bank in October 2000 but took a wrong turn and ended up in Ramallah. Israel later arrested at least four suspects in the killing. In 2007 a 5th suspect, Ayman Zaban, was caught in an upscale neighborhood of the northern West Bank city of Nablus.
    (SFC, 10/13/00, p.A1)(AP, 9/26/07)

2000        Oct 16, A Middle East summit was planned to begin at Sharm el-Sheikh in Egypt. Violent demonstrations continued in the West Bank and Gaza and 2 Palestinians were killed.
    (SFEC, 10/15/00, p.A1)(SFC, 10/17/00, p.A13)

2000        Oct 17, Israelis and Palestinians agreed to a Middle East pact to halt the violence.
    (SFC, 10/18/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 18, In Israel undercover agents captured as many as 8 Palestinians believed to have taken part in the lynching death of 2 Israeli soldiers.
    (SFC, 10/19/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 19, Israeli soldiers fought with Palestinian militiamen in the West Bank and 2 people were killed with 18 wounded.
    (SFC, 10/20/00, p.A16)

2000        Oct 20, Israeli troops killed at least 9 Palestinians and wounded dozens in numerous West Bank clashes.
    (SFC, 10/21/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 21, Tens of thousands of Palestinians took to the streets in marches and funerals in Gaza and the West Bank. 4 Palestinians were killed and over 100 injured.
    (SFEC, 10/22/00, p.A1)
2000        Oct 21, Arab leaders met in Cairo for a 2-day summit where they condemned Israel for violence and made proposals to deal with Israel.
    (SFEC, 10/22/00, p.A1,21)

2000        Oct 22, Arab nations demanded a UN war crimes tribunal for Israelis responsible for Palestinian deaths and formally ended economic cooperation with Israel. Ehud Barak suspended Israeli participation in the peace process. He called for a "timeout" to decide whether negotiations can be salvaged.
    (SFC, 10/23/00, p.A1)

2000        Oct 23, In Israel Prime Minister Barak opened negotiations with Ariel Sharon and the Likud Party for a broad-based emergency government.
    (SFC, 10/24/00, p.A14)
2000        Oct 23, Two more Palestinians died from injuries received during rioting in Nablus.
    (SFC, 10/24/00, p.A14)

2000        Oct 26, In Israel a Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up at an Israeli army outpost. 129 people, mostly Palestinians, were reported killed in over four weeks of fighting.
    (SFC, 10/27/00, p.A20)

2000        Oct 27, Palestinians clashed with Israelis in a "Day of Rage" and 4 were killed with 150 people injured.
    (SFC, 10/28/00, p.A12)

2000        Oct 28, Palestinians clashed with Israeli troops and at least 29 were wounded.
    (SFEC, 10/29/00, p.A18)

2000        Oct 29, Israeli tanks rolled through Gaza to secure free movement for Jewish settlers. 5 Palestinians were killed in Gaza, Nablus and Jenin.
    (SFC, 10/30/00, p.A10)

2000        Oct 30, Israel fired rockets from helicopter gunships in the West Bank and Gaza as a warning against the use of guerrilla tactics. The death rose to 133 Palestinians and 10 Israelis.
    (SFC, 10/31/00, p.A12)

2000        Nov 1, 3 Israelis and 6 Palestinians were killed in West Bank clashes.
    (SFC, 11/2/00, p.A12)

2000        Nov 4, In Israel the clashes eased as Pres. Barak  and Yasser Arafat announced separate visits to Washington for talks with Pres. Clinton.
    (SFEC, 11/5/00, p.A11)

2000        Nov 5, Clashes in the West Bank and Gaza left 2 Palestinians killed and 17 injured.
    (SFC, 11/6/00, p.A12)

2000        Nov 6, Israel rejected a plan for international observers in its conflict with the Palestinians.
    (SFC, 11/7/00, p.B2)

2000        Nov 7, Pres. Clinton named George Mitchell to head a fact-finding team in the Israeli-Palestinian upheaval.
    (SFC, 11/7/00, p.B2)

2000        Nov 8, Israeli troops killed 4 Palestinian teenagers and Palestinian gunmen ambushed and killed an Israeli woman (24).
    (SFC, 11/9/00, p.C2)

2000        Nov 9, Pres. Clinton met with Yasser Arafat in Washington in an effort to end the bloodshed between Israel and Palestine.
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.A16)
2000        Nov 9, Israeli helicopter gunships fired missiles at a Palestinian vehicle and killed Fatah militia leader Hussein Abayat along with 2 nearby women.
    (SFC, 11/10/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 10, Israel sealed Bethlehem and Ramallah. Israeli troops killed 5 Palestinians in clashes in the West Bank and Gaza. One Israeli soldier was killed in shooting following a funeral for militia commander Hussein Abayat.
    (SFC, 11/11/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 11, Fighting in the West Bank left 8 Palestinians dead along with 1 Israeli soldier.
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, p.A19)

2000        Nov 12, Pres. Clinton met with Ehud Barak in an effort to end Arab-Israeli fighting. Meanwhile one Palestinian youth was killed in Gaza.
    (SFC, 11/13/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 13, Palestinian gunmen attacked inside Israeli controlled areas of the West Bank and Gaza and killed 4 Israelis. Elsewhere 4 Palestinians were also killed over the day. Fatah called for the expulsion of Israelis from Gaza and the West Bank.
    (SFC, 11/14/00, p.A16)(WSJ, 11/14/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 14, Israeli troops shot dead 3 Palestinian teenagers (13-19) and a man was killed after settlers threw rocks at his car.
    (SFC, 11/15/00, p.A12)

2000        Nov 15, On Palestinian Independence Day many processions turned into clashes with Israeli forces and 8 Palestinians were killed. Israeli troops entered 3 Palestinian villages and captured 15 men suspected in recent shootings.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A14)

2000        Nov 16, Israeli forces attacked 4 targets associated with Fatah. 2 Palestinians were killed in clashes. Israel also reported a freeze on tax transfers to the Palestinian Authority.
    (SFC, 11/16/00, p.A14)(SFC, 11/17/00, p.A21)(WSJ, 11/17/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 17, In Jerusalem Yasser Arafat announced that he had given orders for Palestinian gunmen to halt their shooting. Barak noted the possibility for int’l. supervisors in a peace agreement.
    (SFC, 11/18/00, p.A12)

2000        Nov 18, A Palestinian police officer sneaked into a Jewish settlement in Gaza and shot dead an Israeli soldier. He wounded 2 others before he was killed.
    (SFEC, 11/19/00, p.A14)

2000        Nov 19, Israeli troops killed a 14-year-old stone thrower in Gaza. One other Palestinian was killed and 9 wounded.
    (SFC, 11/20/00, p.A8)

2000        Nov 20, Israel fired a barrage of missiles on the Gaza Strip in retaliation for an attack on a school bus that killed 2 Jewish settlers and wounded 9 others including 3 siblings who lost limbs. At least 35 people were reported wounded in the missile attack.
    (SFC, 11/21/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 21, An Israeli motorist was wounded and a Palestinian was killed in the Gaza Strip.
    (WSJ, 11/22/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 22, In Hadera, Israel, a car bomb killed at least 2 Israelis and wounded dozens. A Palestinian militia leader and 3 others were killed by Israeli fire in the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 11/23/00, p.A20)

2000        Nov 23, The Israeli army ordered Palestinian police to leave liaison offices after 2 soldiers were killed in the Gaza Strip. A Hamas member was killed in a car explosion in Nablus. A Palestinian court later sentenced to death a man convicted of helping Israeli security agents assassinate the Hamas bomber.
    (SFC, 11/24/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 11/24/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/8/00, p.A1)

2000        Nov 25, Israeli soldiers killed 4 Palestinians and wounded over 30 in a series of clashes that undermined field level cooperation. 2 students and 2 bakers were killed by Israeli soldiers, who claimed Jamal Abdel Razek was a leader of the Tanzim militia traveling with 3 bodyguards.
    (SSFC, 11/26/00, p.A18)(SFC, 12/6/00, p.A16)

2000        Nov 26, Israel attacked targets in southern Lebanon after a roadside bomb killed one Israeli soldier and wounded 2 others near the border. 4 armed Palestinians were killed as they left Qalqilya into an area on Israeli control.
    (SFC, 11/27/00, p.A8)

2000        Nov 30, Palestinians rejected a scaled-back peace plan proposed by Ehud Barak.
    (SFC, 12/1/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 1, Mohammed Deif (35), leader of the Izzedine al Qassam Brigades –the armed wing of Hamas, escaped from jail in the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 12/8/00, p.D6)
2000        Dec 1, Israelis killed 2 Palestinians and injured over 20 in clashes in the West Bank and Gaza.
    (SFC, 12/2/00, p.A13)

2000        Dec 4, Israeli soldiers wounded 25 people in the West Bank village of Husan.
    (SFC, 12/5/00, p.A14)

2000        Dec 5, The Israeli and Palestinian violence was reported to have cost the Palestinians over $500 million in lost wages and sales since late September.
    (SFC, 12/6/00, p.A16)

2000        Dec 6, The Israeli Betselem human-rights group condemned the Israeli army for excessive force in combating the Palestinian intifada.
    (SFC, 12/7/00, p.A12)
2000        Dec 6, The World Bank approved a $12 million grant to help Palestinians.
    (SFC, 12/7/00, p.A12)

2000        Dec 8, In Jerusalem and the West Bank 7 Palestinians and 3 Israelis were killed in the ongoing violence.
    (SFC, 12/9/00, p.A16)

2000        Dec 12, Israeli soldiers killed Yousef Abu Swayeh (27), a West Bank Palestinian leader.
    (SFC, 12/13/00, p.B4)

2000        Dec 13, Fighting in Gaza left 4 Palestinian policemen dead. A Fatah activist was killed in the West Bank.
    (WSJ, 12/14/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 15, In Israel Ehud Barak made a bid to restart peace talks as 6 more Palestinians were shot dead by Israeli troops.
    (SFC, 12/16/00, p.A20)

2000        Dec 17, Israeli and Palestinian officials agreed to hold talks in Washington prior to the departure of Pres. Clinton.
    (SFC, 12/18/00, p.E2)

2000        Dec 21, Israeli officials acknowledged a "liquidation" policy for hunting down and killing Palestinian militants.
    (SFC, 12/22/00, p.A20)

2000        Dec 23, Negotiators from Israel and Palestine left Washington without an agreement on critical issues.
    (SSFC, 12/24/00, p.A12)

2000        Dec 25, Pres. Clinton laid down a new set of proposals for peace between Israelis and Palestinians. The proposals included a Palestinian concession for some 3.7 million refugees to give up the right of return and for Israelis to cede sovereignty over the Temple Mount.
    (SFC, 12/26/00, p.A1)(SFC, 12/27/00, p.A14)

2000        Dec 28, Bombs exploded in Tel Aviv and Gaza shortly after a peace summit was cancelled. 2 Israeli soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 12/29/00, p.A1)

2000        Dec 29, In Gaza a Palestinian police officer was killed in a shootout as Israeli soldiers bulldozed a grove of trees.
    (SFC, 12/30/00, p.A8)

2000        The documentary film "Yasmin," directed by Nizar Hassan, premiered in the US. It is about an incident of honor killing.
    (SFEC, 9/3/00, DB p.52)

2000-2005    In the second Palestinian intifada more than 1,000 Israelis and 3,000 Palestinians died.
    (Econ, 2/11/17, p.41)

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