80Mil BC-70Mil BC A dinosaur the size of a
gigantic turkey lived in Europe during the late Cretaceous. In 2010
Romanian fossil hunters unearthed the remains of the velociraptor
and named it Balaur Bondoc (stocky dragon). Europe at this time was
an archipelago of islands.
(SFC, 8/31/10, p.A4)
36-34k BCE In 2002 the jawbone of a cave-man
living in what is now Romania was found in Pestera cu Oase. It was
reported as the oldest fossil from an early modern human to be found
in Europe and was carbon-dated to this time.
1400BC-1200BC In 2018 it was reported that
Romanian and German archaeologists have discovered a prehistoric
fortress dating back as far as 3,400 years in western Romania. They
had recently completed a dig uncovering 55 hectares (135 acres) of
the 80-hectare (198-acre) site, built between 1,400 BC and 1,200 BC,
located near the town of Santana.
650 BC The Transylvanian Dacians are first known
from their contacts with the Greeks about this time.
(WSJ, 6/18/97, p.A20)
82BC A Dacian Kingdom of
variable size existed between 82 BC until the Roman conquest in AD
106. The capital of Dacia, Sarmizegetusa, located in modern Romania,
was destroyed by the Romans, but its name was added to that of the
new city (Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa) built by the latter to serve
as the capital of the Roman province of Dacia.
103-105AD Apolodorus of Damascus built a bridge
over the Danube for Emperor Trajan. It connected the Roman provinces
of Moesia Superior and Dacia (the Yugoslavian and Romanian banks
(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.26)
105 Flavius Cerialis, prefect
of Cohort IX of Batavians at Vindolanda in northern England, was
transferred to the Danube to join Trajan’s forces gathering for the
Second Dacian War.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.17)
106 King Decebal, the last
king of Dacia, committed suicide. Rather than being captured only to
be exhibited and humiliated at Rome, Decebalus committed suicide by
slashing his own throat, as depicted on Trajan's Column (spiral 22,
panel b). He is famous for fighting three wars, with varying
success, against the Roman Empire under two emperors. After raiding
south across the Danube, he defeated a Roman invasion in the reign
of Domitian, securing a period of independence during which he
consolidated his rule.
700-800 Invading Slavs assimilated the Thracians
in the area of modern Bulgaria and parts of Greece, Romania,
Macedonia and Turkey.
(SFC, 8/17/05, p.A2)
1200-1300 The Csango people of Romania's remote
eastern Carpathian mountains began settling around this time,
dispatched by Hungarian rulers to defend the kingdom's easternmost
1300-1400 The Sihastra Monastery was founded in
the 14th century.
(SFC, 12/7/98, p.A25)
1382 In Romania Brasov Saxons
built a castle at Bran, Transylvania.
(SSFC, 10/23/11, p.H6)
1431-1476 In Romania Vlad Tepes, aka Vlad the
Impaler, the son of Vlad Dracul (Vlad the Dragon), was a 15th
century gruesome Wallachian nobleman. Dracula means son of the
dragon. He punished disobedient subjects and “unchaste" women by
impaling them on sharpened logs, often dining amid the victims as
they died. The family name changed to Kretzulesco and grew in
stature with members upgraded to princes and princesses.
1437 Sep 18, Farmers revolted
1459 Vlad Tepes used Turkish
prisoners to haul stones brick and mortar for his Poienari Citadel
in Romania’s Transylvania region. Much of it fell down the mountain
during a landslide in 1888.
(SSFC, 10/23/11, p.H6)
1660 May 29, Gyorgy Rakosi II
prince of Transylvania, died in battle.
1691 In northwest Romania an
icon was painted at a monastery in Nicula. According to legend, the
icon of the Weeping Virgin, wept for 26 days in 1699. The first
recorded miracle occurred in 1701 when it is said to have cured an
army officer's wife who was going blind. The church attached to the
monastery is named after St. Mary and pilgrimages there are made
every year on Aug. 15, Mary's name day. In 1977, the church burned
down, but the icon was unharmed. In 2005 low water level revealed
1723 Dimitrie Cantemir
(b.1673), 2-time Prince of Moldavia (1693 & 1710-1711), died
near Kharkov, Ukraine. He was born in what is now Romania and became
a prolific man of letters with talents as a philosopher, historian,
composer, musicologist, linguist, ethnographer, and geographer.
Between 1687 and 1710 he lived in forced exile in Istanbul, where he
learned Turkish and studied the history of the Ottoman Empire at the
Patriarchate's Greek Academy, where he also composed music.
1801 Apr 8, Soldiers rioted in
Bucharest and killed 128 Jews.
1812 Russia acquired
Bessarabia, the north eastern part of the original principality of
Moldavia, in the aftermath of the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812).
1821 Jun 2, Ion Bratianu (Lib),
premier of Romania (1876-88), was born.
1840-1860 Slavery existed on the territory of
present-day Romania from before the founding of the principalities
of Wallachia and Moldavia in 13th–14th century, until it was
abolished in stages during the 1840s and 1850s. Most of the slaves
were of Roma (Gypsy) ethnicity.
1853 Jul, Supported by Britain,
the Turks took a firm stand against the Russians, who occupied the
Danubian principalities (modern Romania) on the Russo-Turkish
border. The Crimean War got under way in October. It was fought
mainly on the Crimean Peninsula between the Russians and the
British, French, and Ottoman Turkish, with support, from January
1855, by the army of Sardinia-Piedmont. The war aligned Anglican
England and Roman Catholic France with Islam’s sultan-caliphs
against the tsars, who saw themselves as the world’s last truly
1856 Mar 30, Russia signed the
Treaty of Paris ending the Crimean War. It guaranteed the integrity
of Ottoman Turkey and obliged Russia to surrender southern
Bessarabia, at the mouth of the Danube. The Black Sea was
neutralized, and the Danube River was opened to the shipping of all
nations. In 2010 Allen Lane authored “Crimea: The Last Crusade."
1856 Feb 20, Romania abolished
the slavery of Gypsies, or Roma, but discrimination persisted
against the group.
1864 Dec 4, Romanian Jews were
forbidden to practice law.
1873 In Romania a 130-km
(80-mile) rail line was built from the city of Brasov to the
medieval fortress town of Sighisoara.
1876 Feb 21, Constantin
Brancusi (d.1957), Romanian-French sculptor (Princesse X), was born
in Hobitza, Romania. He made it to Paris in 1902. His works include
“The Kiss" (1908) and the “Sleeping Muse" (1910).
(WSJ, 10/19/95, A-18)(WSJ, 11/30/01, p.W12)(MC,
1878 Mar 3, Russia and the
Ottomans signed the Treaty of San Stefano, granting independence to
Serbia. With the Treaty of San Stefano (and subsequent negotiations
in Berlin) in the wake of the last Russo-Turkish War, the Ottoman
Empire lost its possession of numerous territories including
Bulgaria, Montenegro, Romania, and Serbia. The Russo-Turkish wars
dated to the 17th century, the Russians generally gaining territory
and influence over the declining Ottoman Empire. In the last war,
Russia and Serbia supported rebellions in the Balkans. In concluding
the Treaty of San Stefano, the Ottomans released control of
Montenegro, Romania and Serbia, granted autonomy to Bosnia and
Herzegovina, and allowed an autonomous state of Bulgaria to be
placed under Russian control.
(HN, 3/3/99)(HNQ, 2/23/01)
1878 Jul 13, The Treaty of
Berlin was the final act of the Congress of Berlin (13 June – 13
July 1878), by which the United Kingdom, Austria-Hungary, France,
Germany, Italy, Russia and the Ottoman Empire under Sultan Abdul
Hamid II revised the Treaty of San Stefano signed on 3 March the
same year. The Treaty of San Stefano had ended the Russo-Turkish War
of 1877-78. The Congress of Berlin divided the Balkans among
European powers. The Slavic converts to Islam in the Sandzak region
of southwestern Serbia were separated from their ethnic cousins in
(AP, 7/13/97)(HN, 7/13/98)(WSJ, 6/16/99, p.A20)
1881 Aug 19, Georges Enescu,
composer (Romanian Dances), was born in Romania.
1882 May 15, May Laws: Czar
Alexander III banned Jews from living in rural Romania.
1887 Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum
(1887-1979) founder of the Satmar Hassids in Satu Mare, Romania, was
born. The ultra-orthodox sect of Judaism later established itself in
1889 Jun 15, Mihai Eminescu,
born in 1850 as Mihail Eminovici, died in Bucharest. He was a
Romantic poet, novelist and journalist, and often regarded as the
most famous and influential Romanian poet.
1895 Oct 1, Romanians in
Constantinople were massacred.
1902 Sep 17, The US protested
anti-Semitism in Romania.
1902 Sep 22, John Houseman,
director, producer and actor, was born in Bucharest, Romania.
(HN, 9/22/00)(MC, 9/22/01)
1906 Mar 3, Vuia I aircraft,
built by Romanian Traja Vuia, was tested in France.
1907 Mar 31, Romanian Army put
down a Moldavian farmers' revolt.
1909 Nov 13, Eugene Ionesco,
Romanian-born dramatist, was born. His work included “The Bald
Soprano" and “Rhinoceros." [see Nov 26, 1909 and Nov 26, 1912]
1909 Nov 26, Eugene Ionesco
(d.1994), Romanian-born French dramatist, was born. [see Nov 13,
1909 and Nov 26, 1912]
1912 Jun 28, Sergiu
Celibidache, Romanian conductor, was born.
1912 Nov 26, Eugene Ionesco,
dramatist (Rhinoceros), was born in Slatina, Romania. [see Nov 13
and Nov 26, 1909]
(WUD, 1994 p.750)(MC, 11/26/01)
1913 Jun 1, Serbia and Greece
concluded a secret treaty for joint action against Bulgaria; joined
by Romania. Dissatisfied with their share of the spoils, Serbia,
denied its proposed outlet to the Adriatic Sea, sought compensation
in Macedonia along the Vardar River which the Bulgarians rejected
while Greece asked for control of Thessaloniki and "a certain part"
of the eastern Macedonian territories, which Bulgaria rejected as
1913 Jul 10, Rumania entered
the Second Balkan War and four days later the Ottoman Empire joined
the general assault on Bulgaria. Faced with four fronts, Bulgarian
armies were defeated piecemeal and the government at Sofia was
forced to seek peace. Atrocities were widespread. For example, in
pursuing the Bulgarian army Greek forces systematically burnt to the
ground all Macedonian villages they encountered, mass-murdering
their entire populations. Likewise, when the Greek army entered
Kukush (Kilkis) and occupied surrounding villages, about 400 old
people and children were imprisoned and killed. Nor did the Serbian
"liberators" lag behind in destruction and wanton slaughter
throughout Macedonia. In Bitola, Skopje, Shtip and Gevgelija, the
Serbian army, police and chetniks (guerrillas) committed their own
1913 Aug 10, The Treaty of
Bucharest ended the Second Balkan War. It was concluded by the
delegates of Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece. The
entire "disputed zone" was taken by Serbia, Greece secured its
position in Thessaloniki and southeastern Macedonia, the Ottomans
regained all the territories lost in the First Balkan War to
Bulgaria with the exception of eastern (Pirin) Macedonia, and the
Romanians seized Southern Dobruja.
1914 Jun 15, Saul Steinberg,
American cartoonist (New Yorker), was born in Romania.
1914 Baron Franz Nopcsa
(1877-1933) found fossils of small dinosaurs in Romania that dated
to the Cretaceous period.
(SFC, 6/8/06, p.A7)
1915 Marie, the queen of
Romania, visited San Francisco.
(SFC, 3/8/08, p.F2)
1916 Aug 28, Germany declared
war on Romania.
1916 Sep 1, Bulgaria declared
war on Romania as the First World War expanded.
1917 Jan 5, Bulgarian and
German troops occupied the Port of Braila in East Romania.
(HN, 1/5/99)(WUD, 1994, p.178)
1917 Aug 6, The battle of
Marasesti began and continued to Sep 8. This was the last major
battle between the German Empire and the Kingdom of Romania on the
Romanian front during World War I.
1917 Sep 8, The battle of
Marasesti, begun on August 6, ended. This was the last major battle
between the German Empire and the Kingdom of Romania on the Romanian
front during World War I. The Battle of Mărășești kept the
northeastern region of the country free from occupation. Romania
lost over 27,000 men, including 610 officers, while Germany and
Austria-Hungary lost over 47,000.
1918 Jan 26, Nicolae Ceausescu,
Romanian president (1967-90), was born.
1918 The heir to Romania's
throne, Prince Carol, secretly married Zizi Lambrino, a Romanian
aristocrat. The marriage was later annulled because by law Romania's
heir to the throne was obliged to marry a foreign princess. Their
child, Mircea Grigore, was then regarded as an illegitimate son.
Mircea, filed a request in a Lisbon court in 1955, demanding to be
recognized as Carol's legitimate son. His request was granted.
1918 An attempt to establish a
Moldovan Soviet failed and Romanian troops occupied the province.
(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)
1920 Jun 4, The Treaty of
Trianon, signed at Versailles, was forced upon Hungary by the
victorious Allies after WWII and resulted in Hungary giving up
nearly three-fourths of its territory to Romania, Czechoslovakia and
the Kingdom of Serbs, Croat and Slovenes. Hungary lost more than
half its population, including some 3 million Hungarians. Hungary
ceded the hills of Transylvania to Romania.
(HNQ, 7/5/98)(WSJ, 1/2/97,
1920 Aug 10, Allies recognized
Poland, Czechoslovakia and Romania.
1920 Paul Celan, Romanian poet
(d.1970), was born.
1922 May 29, Iannis Xenakis,
Greek mathematician, architect and composer, was born in Romania. In
2004 James Harley authored “Xenakis: His Life in Music."
(SSFC, 7/25/04, p.M4)
1924 May 4, The summer Olympics
opened in Paris. The French rugby team beat the Rumanians 61-3.
1924 The Bolsheviks formed the
Moldovan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR), aka
Transdniestria, as a basis for later taking over a chunk of Romania.
(WSJ, 7/8/97, p.A1,8)(http://tinyurl.com/b7m4b)
1925 Miron Cristea (1868-1939)
was enthroned as the first Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox
1925 Brother Cleopa entered the
Sihastra Monastery at age 25.
(SFC, 12/7/98, p.A25)
1926 Queen Marie of Romania
spoke at the dedication ceremony of the unfinished Maryhill Museum
in Washington state. Sam Hill, railroad magnate, built a replica of
Stonehenge as a monument to Klickitat County soldiers who lost their
lives in the World War on the premises. His nearby mansion later
became the Maryhill Museum of Art.
(AM, 9/01, p.10)
1927 In Romania Michael I
(1921-2017), a great-great grandson to Britain's Queen Victoria,
acceded to the throne when he was six years old after his father
Carol II eloped with his mistress and abdicated.
1927 The Legion of the
Archangel Michael was formed and later became the Iron Guard. It was
committed to the “Christian and racial" renovation. The Fascist
organization fed on anti-Semitism and mystical nationalism and was a
major social and political force in Romania between 1930 and 1941.
It was finally destroyed when in 1941 when it staged a revolt
against the government of General Ion Antonescu.
1928 Sep 30, Elie Wiesel,
Holocaust survivor, writer (Souls on Fire), best known for his first
book “Night" about his own experiences in concentration camps, was
born in Romania. He won the Nobel Prize in 1986.
(HN, 9/30/98)(MC, 9/30/01)
1930 In Romania Carol II
returned to the throne and stayed there until abdicating again in
1940 when Michael I became king for a second time.
1933 Apr 25, Romanian Baron
Franz Nopcsa von Felso-Szilvas (b.1877) killed his long time
companion and secretary, an Albanian named Bajazid Elmas Doda, and
(SFC, 6/8/06, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/jffdw)
1933 In Romania a
gold-embellished hunting rifle was commissioned for King Carol II.
Decades later it came into the possession of dictator Nicolae
Ceauscescu, who engraved his name on it. In 2017 the gun sold at
auction for $37,000.
(SFC, 7/12/17, p.A2)
1934 The wife of PM Gheorghe
Tatarascu asked Constantin Brancusi to commemorate the citizens of
Targu Jiu, who died trying to hold back the WW I Austro-German
invasion. Brancusi agreed and created sculptures titled: “Endless
Column," “Gate of the Kiss" and “Table of Silence." The 97-foot
Endless Column was taken down for restoration in 1996. A 2nd
restoration was completed in 2001.
(WSJ, 11/30/01, p.W12)
1935-1944 In 2000 the memoir of Mihail Sebastian,
a Jewish Romanian playwright, was published: “Journal, 1935-1944:
The Fascist Years." Sebastian died soon after the war in a traffic
(SSFC, 12/17/00, Par p.19)
1938 Feb 11, In Romania Carol
II, who had banned political parties and established a royal
dictatorship, chose Miron Cristea (1868-1939) to be the Prime
Minister, a position from which he served for about a year.
Patriarch Miron Cristea, who led the Romanian Orthodox Church from
1925 to 1939, was responsible for revising the citizenship law,
stripping about 225,000 Jews, or 37% of the Jewish population, of
their Romanian citizenship.
1938 Jul 18, Queen Marie of
Romania died. She was the wife of King Ferdinand I, who reigned from
1914 to 1927. Born in England in 1875 as Princess Marie of
Edinburgh, her father was Prince Alfred, a son of Queen Victoria.
The heart of Marie was finally laid to rest on Nov 3, 2015, after
criss-crossing the nation for 77 years.
1938 The documentary film “Tara
Motilor" by Paul Calinescu won the documentary section at the Venice
(SFC, 3/28/00, p.E2)
1938 In Romania Bran Castle,
owned by Queen Marie, was bequeathed to her daughter Princess
Ileana. In 1948 it was confiscated by the Communists. In 2006 the
fabled “Dracula’s Castle" was transferred to Dominic van Hapsburg, a
New York architect who inherited it from Princess Ileana.
(SFC, 5/24/06, p.A2)
1939 Mar 6, Miron Cristea, PM
of Romania (1938-1939), died. Cristea was also the first Patriarch
of the Romanian Orthodox Church (1925-1939).
1939 Aug 13, Saul Steinberg,
American artist (The Art of Living, New Yorker Magazine), was born
1940 Jun 26, The Soviet Union
delivered an ultimatum to Romania and 2 days later occupied
Bessarabia and North Bukovina.
1940 Oct 8, German troops
1940 Nov 27, Astonescu's Iron
Guard massacred over sixty aides of the exiled king, including
Nicolae Iorga, a former minister and acclaimed historian. Two months
prior General Ion Antonescu seized power in Romania and forced King
Carol II to abdicate.
1940 King Carol II abdicated
for the 2nd time and Michael became king for a 2nd time.
(SFC, 10/20/00, p.A16)
1941 Jan 9, Some 6,000 Jews
were exterminated in a pogrom in Bucharest, Romania. [see Jan 22]
1941 Jan 22, The 1st mass
killing of Jews took place in Romania. [see Jan 9]
1941 Feb 10, London severed
diplomatic relations with Romania. Romania's indigenous fighter, the
IAR 80, saw service in defense of its homeland and against the
1941 Jun 19, Romania ordered
Jews to evacuate Darabani.
1941 Jun 28, German and
Romanian soldiers killed 11,000 Jews in Kishinev.
1941 Jun, In the northeastern
city of Iasi, Romania, up to 12,000 people are believed to have died
as Romanian and German soldiers swept from house to house to killing
Jews. Those who did not die were systematically beaten, put in
cattle wagons in stifling heat and taken to a small town, where what
happened to them would be concealed. Of the 120 people on the train,
just 24 survived. In 2010 a mass grave was found containing the
bodies of an estimated 100 Jews killed by Romanian troops in a
forest near the town of Popricani, about 350 km northeast of
Bucharest. It contained the bodies of men, women and children who
were shot in 1941.
(AP, 6/14/03)(AP, 11/5/10)
1941 Jul 23, German and
Romanian troops reoccupied Moldova as part of Operation Barbarossa.
(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)
1941 Jul, The 16,000 sq. mile
area of the Ukraine named Transnistria was granted by Hitler to the
Romanian dictator Ion Antonescu for Romania’s participation in the
war against the soviet Union. Jews from Bessarabia, Bukovina and
Moldova were transferred here and many thousands were murdered from
1941-1944 by the Romanian Gendarmeric, the Einsatrzgruppe D,
Ukrainian police and Sonderkommando R.
(WSJ, 7/30/97, p.A15)
1941 Aug 7, In Romania 551 Jews
were shot in the Kishinev ghetto.
1941 Oct 8, The Romanian
government gave the order to deport 11,000 Jews remaining in
Kishinev across the Dniester to Rybnitsa and into Nazi hands.
(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)
1941 Oct 22-23, Some 39,000
Jews were killed by Romanian troops over 2 days in Odessa. Many of
them were burned to death in a public square or in warehouses that
were locked shut. Some 90,000 Jews were killed in Odessa altogether.
(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A11)
1941 Dec, In Romania
authorities ordered the dissolution of all Jewish organizations.
Chief Rabbi Alexander Safran (1910-2006) helped set up the Jewish
Council, an underground organization comprising all sectors of the
Jewish population. The council used its links with Romanian church
officials, the Vatican and the royal family in a bid to prevent the
mass deportation of Romania's Jews to the Nazi extermination camps.
1941-1945 Some 148,000 Bessarabian Jews were
killed in Rybnitsa and other ghettos and concentration camps on the
East bank of the Dniester during the Nazi occupation.
(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)
1941-1945 In 2000 Radu Ioanid authored "The
Holocaust In Romania," which described how 250,000 people died under
Ion Antonescu. 25,000 Gypsies were deported to Transnistria (later
in the Ukraine), of whom 1,500 died.
(WSJ, 1/19/00, p.A20)
1942 Jun 12, American bombers
struck the oil refineries of Ploesti, Rumania for the first time.
1943 Aug 1, Over 177 B-24
Liberator bombers attacked the German oil fields in Ploesti,
Romania, for a second time. Of 1,762 airmen on the mission, 532 were
killed, captured, interned or listed as missing in action. In 2007
Duane Schultz authored “Into the Fire: Ploesti" The Most Fateful
Mission of World War II.
(HN, 8/1/98)(WSJ, 11/13/07, p.D5)
1943 Dec 11, U.S. Secretary of
State, Cordell Hull, demanded that Hungary, Rumania, and Bulgaria
withdraw from the war.
1943 Former King Michael I
purchased the Savarsin castle. It was later used as a hospital and
then a private residence for Ceausescu. A local court in 2000
awarded the castle back to Michael.
(SFC, 4/6/00, p.C16)
1944 Mar 18, The Russians
reached the Rumanian border in the Balkans.
1944 Apr 2, Soviet forces
entered Romania, one of Germany's allied countries.
1944 May, Elie Wiesel
(1928-2016) and his family were among an estimated 14,000 Jews who
were deported to the Auschwitz death camp from a town in northwest
Romania. His mother and younger sister died there.
1944 Jun 23, In one of the
largest air strikes of the war, the U.S. Fifteenth Air Force sent
761 bombers against the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania.
1944 Aug 23, Romanian PM Ion
Antonescu was dismissed by King Michael, paving the way for Romania
to abandon the Axis in favor of the Allies. King Michael organized a
coup against the pro-Nazi dictator, Marshal Ion Antonescu, but was
double-crossed by Joseph Stalin and betrayed by the Allies who ceded
the country to the Russians at the Yalta summit in 1945.
(SFC, 6/27/97, p.A16)(AP, 8/23/97)
1944 Aug 25, Romania declared
war on Germany.
1944 Aug 30, Ploesti, the
center of the Rumanian oil industry, fell to Soviet troops.
1944 The Soviet army
re-conquered Bessarabia. Only then were the two parts of present-day
Moldova joined together to form the Moldavian SSR. At the same time,
about one-third of Bessarabia, including its entire Black Sea
coastline, was incorporated into the Ukrainian SSR. The
Transdniester region, having long been part of the Russian Empire
and then the Soviet Union, remained more Russified and Sovietized
than Right-Bank Moldavia.
1944 Some 350,000 Romanian Jews
survived WWII and many soon migrated to Israel.
(WSJ, 10/4/06, p.A11)
1945 Mar 2, King Michael of
Romania gave in to Communist government.
1945 Mar 12, USSR returned
Transylvania to Romania.
1945 Nov 30, Radu Lupu, pianist
(Enesco 1st prize-1967), was born in Galati, Romania.
1946 The communist regime
imprisoned hundreds of thousands of priests, intellectuals, peasants
and politicians deemed dangerous and impossible to convert to
(SFC, 5/25/02, p.A27)
1946-1989 Romania under Communist rule
imprisoned some 617,000 political prisoners during this period. Some
120,000 died in the gulags.
(SFC, 7/12/13, p.A3)
1947 Dec 30, Rumania's King
Michael was exiled when the Soviet backed Communists took over. King
Michael of Romania agreed to abdicate, but charged he was being
forced off the throne by Communists.
(SFC, 6/27/97, p.A16)(AP, 12/30/97)(HN, 12/30/98)
1947 Chief Rabbi Alexander
Safran was dismissed from his post and forced to leave Romania,
making his home in Geneva. He had refused to cooperate with the new
Jewish Democratic Committee, saying it was a Communist body intent
on breaking up traditional Jewish organizations and bringing Jewish
life in Romania to a standstill.
1947 In Romania Ion Diaconescu
(1917-2011), an anti-communist activist, was arrested after
Communists came to power. He was released in 1964 under an amnesty
for political prisoners, and helped re-establish the center-right
Peasants' Party after communism ended in Romania in 1989.
1948 Jan 3, King Michael left
Romania. His Peles Castle in Sinaia was confiscated by the
Communists. In 2006 it was returned to the former king.
(SFC, 10/20/00, p.A16)(SFC, 5/24/06, p.A2)
1948 The communist state banned
the Eastern Rite Catholic Church.
(SFC, 5/25/02, p.A27)
1948-1951 Father Alexandru Todea escaped from
prison and went into hiding. During this time he was secretly made a
(SFC, 5/25/02, p.A27)
1949 In Romania Ticu Dumitrescu
(1928-2000) was sentenced to 27 years prison for being an enemy of
the state. From 1949 to 1964, he was incarcerated in communist jails
or kept under house arrest.
Dec 2, Dinu Lipatti (b.1917), Romania-born pianist, died of leukemia
in Geneva, Switz.
c1950 Brother Cleopa under
pressure from the Communist party to stop receiving visitors, who
sought his guidance, left the Sihastra Monastery and became a hermit
in the mountain forests for 3 years. He ate 1 potato a day.
(SFC, 12/7/98, p.A25)
1951 Sep 17, Romanian bishop A.
Pacha of Timisoara was sentenced to 18 years.
1951 Bishop Alexandru Todea was
caught and sentenced to 12 years in prison.
(SFC, 5/25/02, p.A27)
1954 Marin Sorescu published
his poetry “Alone Among Poets."
(SFC, 12/11/96, p.A24)
1954 May 17, In Romania
Monsignor Vladimir Ghika (b.1873) died in Jilava Communist prison.
He had been born into a family of Moldovan nobles in Constantinople
and spent decades traveling around the world helping the sick and
the poor. On Aug 31, 2013, he was beatified.
1954 A new bridge across the
Danube linked the cities of Ruse, Bulgaria, and Giurgiu, Romania.
1955 May 4, Georges Enescu
(73), Romanian-French violist, composer (Oedipe), died.
1955 May 14, Representatives
from eight Communist bloc countries: Soviet Union, Albania,
Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland &
Romania, signed the Warsaw Pact in Poland. Andras Hegedues signed
(AP, 5/14/97)(SFC, 10/26/99, p.B4)(MC, 5/14/02)
1956-1963 In Romania 6 political prisoners died at
the Ramnicu Sarat prison, under the command of Alexandru Visinescu.
In 2014 Visinescu (87) denied genocide charges as he faced
prosecutors in a closed session.
1957 Mar 16, Constantin
Brancusi (b.1876), Romanian-born French sculptor, died. He willed
his studio and work to France.
1957 May 29, George Bacovia
[Vasiliu] Romanian poet, composer (Plumb), died at 75.
1958 Jan 7, Petru Groza (74),
premier and president (Romania, 1945-58), died.
1958 In Romania Veronica Antal
was stabbed repeatedly as she resisted being raped. In 2018 Pope
Francis approved a decree recognizing the martyrdom of Antal.
1958-1963 In Romania Ion Ficior served as
commander of the Periprava labor camp during this period. In 2013
Ficior (85) was charged with genocide for his alleged role in the
deaths of 103 political prisoners. In 2017 a court upheld the
(SFC, 10/25/13, p.A2)(AP, 3/29/17)
1958-1964 In Romania Col. Gheorghe Craciun (d.2001) commanded the
Aiud Prison. He was later charged with the deaths of 216 prisoners
but died before the trial was completed.
(SFC, 6/16/01, p.A17)
1959 The first International
Mathematical Olympiad (IMO), a World Championship Mathematics
Competition for High School students, was held in Romania, with 7
countries participating. In 1978 Dr. George Lenchner (1917-2006
created the Mathematical Olympiads for Elementary and Middle Schools
(MOEMS, originally LIMOES).
1961 Nov 12, Nadia Comaneci,
[Gheorghe], Romanian gymnast (1st 10/Olympic-gold-1976), was born.
1963 Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
gave amnesties to political prisoners and Bishop Alexandru Todea was
released from prison.
(SFC, 5/25/02, p.A27)
1964 In Romania a number of
political prisoners, including Alexandru Salca (d.2001 at 78), were
released in a general amnesty. Salca served 7 years for opposing the
pro-Moscow government and another 8 for opposing the 1956 Soviet
invasion of Hungary. He later authored 4 books on the horrors of
Communist prisons and the Black Sea Canal forced labor camps where
tens of thousands perished.
(SFC, 6/16/01, p.A17)
1965 Mar 19, In Romania State
Council Pres. Gheorghiu-Dej (b.1901) died. Gheorghe Apostol was
defeated in a contest for Communist Party leader by Ceausescu, who
ended up ruling Romania with an iron fist for 25 years.
1965 Mar 24, Chivu Stoica
(1908-1975), former Romanian prime minister (1955-1961), became
President of the Council State of Romania.
1966-1974 Ilie Verdet served as deputy prime
(SFC, 3/22/01, p.A20)
1967 Dec 9, Nicolae Ceausescu
became president (dictator) of Romania.
1967 Soviet Gen. Sakharovsky
became chief intelligence adviser in Romania. He helped bring Yasser
Arafat to the Soviet Union via Romania for training and
indoctrination. The soviets maneuvered to have Arafat named chairman
of the PLO with help from Egypt’s ruler, Gamal Abdel Nasser.
Sakharovsky was later reported to be responsible for killing 50,000
(WSJ, 1/10/02, p.A12)
1969 Aug 2, Richard Nixon
visited Romania becoming the first president to visit a communist
nation since the start of the Cold War.
c1970s Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
was the Stalinist predecessor of Ceausescu.
(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A10)
1972 The jellyfish population
in the Black Sea exploded following the completion of a dam in a
section of the Danube that runs between Serbia and Romania.
(WSJ, 11/27/07, p.A14)
1974 Mar 28, In Romania the
position of President of the Republic was created especially for
Nicolae Ceausescu, who is then named President for life by Grand
1976 Nadia Comaneci of Romania
scored 7 perfect 10s in gymnastics during the Olympic games in
(NG, 8/04, Geographica)
1977 Mar 4, A 7.4 earthquake in
Romania killed about 1,570 people and was felt across southern and
3/4/98)(SFC, 4/28/99, p.A15)
1977 In Romania Gen. Nicolae
Plesita helped stifle striking coal miners in the Jiu Valley whose
unrest posed a threat to Pres. Ceausescu.
1978 Romania’s Gen. Ion Pacepa,
a top ranking Securitate officer, defected to the United States.
Pres. Ceausescu hired Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, aka Carlos the
Jackal, to assassinate Pacepa but he failed.
1980 Ilie Verdet (d.2001 at 75)
was appointed prime minister and served for 2 years.
(SFC, 3/22/01, p.A20)
1980-1989 In Romania a huge building spree,
inspired by Nicolae Ceausescu’s visit to North Korea, leveled entire
neighborhoods in Bucharest and left a large number of stray dogs
roaming the streets. Their number reached 100-200,000 in 1997.
Ceausescu ripped out 80% of the historical center to create the
Civic Center district.
(SFEC,11/30/97, p.A20)(SSFC, 6/18/17, p.F6)
1981 Feb 21, A bombing in
Munich of Radio Free Europe injured 9 people. Romania’s Pres.
Ceausescu ordered Gen. Ion Pacepa to find temporary shelter for
Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, aka Carlos the Jackal, in Romania after the
bombing. Ceausescu sold arms and explosives to Ramirez and enabled
him to produce counterfeit passports and driver's licenses.
1982 Feb 9, Mihai Anton Prodea,
artist, was born in Sibiu, Romania.
1982 In Romania Doina Cornea, a
French professor at Cluj's Babes Bolyai University, sent her first
letter protesting the communist regime to Radio Free Europe and went
on to send dozens of similar letters, attracting the attention of
the Securitate secret police. In 1987 Cornea and her son were
arrested after releasing manifestos in support of a workers'
uprising in the city of Brasov.
1982-1988 In Romania thousands of buildings were
razed in the heart of Bucharest to make way for a plan by Communist
leader Nicolae Ceausescu to build a giant House of the People and
Soviet-style apartment buildings.
1985 Nov 17, Gheorghe Emil Ursu
(b.1926), Romanian construction engineer, poet, diarist and
dissident, died after being beaten for weeks by police. Security
police had raided his home and discovered his diary, in which he had
joted down scathing secret poems by Nina Cassian about Nicolae
Ceausescu self-importance and stupidity. In 2016 military
prosecutors said four former communist officials, including the
former chief of the feared Securitate secret police, will stand
trial for Ursu’s death.
1986 The church bishops
secretly elected Bishop Alexandru Todea leader of the church with
the rank of Metropolitan.
(SFC, 5/25/02, p.A27)
1986 Ion Cioaba, Gypsy leader,
was jailed and tortured on alleged charges of cheating the
government on a copper contract.
(SFC, 2/28/97, p.A24)
1989 Nov 24, Romanian leader
Nicolae Ceausescu was unanimously re-elected Communist Party chief.
Within a month, he was overthrown in a popular uprising and executed
along with his wife, Elena, on Christmas Day.
1989 Dec 15, A popular uprising
that resulted in the downfall of Romania's Nicolae Ceausescu began
as demonstrators gathered in Timisoara to prevent the arrest of the
Reverend Laszlo Tokes, a dissident clergyman.
1989 Dec 16, In Romania a
revolt began in Timisoara when authorities tried to forcibly move
ethnic Hungarian pastor Laszlo Toekes to a remote rural parish.
Supporters gathered outside his house and soon the site was teeming
with protesters. 6 days of fighting left 118 people killed.
1989 Dec 21, Romanian President
Nicolae Ceausescu delivered what turned out to be his final public
speech. The hard-line Communist ruler was visibly stunned as his
listeners began booing. Ceausescu fled from power and was executed
four days later.
1989 Dec 22, In Romania there
was a revolt and miners riots. Romania's hard-line Communist ruler,
Nicolae Ceausescu, was toppled in a popular uprising following 23
years of dictatorial rule. Ion Ileascu and other top Communist
functionaries of Ceausescu seized control. Ileascu ruled until Nov
(SFC, 11/18/96, p.A10)(SFC, 11/20/96, p.C4)(AP,
12/22/97)(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A11)
1989 Dec 23, Ousted Romanian
President Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife, Elena, were captured as
they were attempting to flee their country.
1989 Dec 25, Ousted Romanian
President Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife, Elena, were executed
following a popular uprising. His regime had mobilized some 700,000
informants to keep tabs on the population of 23 million people.
(SFC, 12/27/96, p.B1)(AP, 12/25/97)(SSFC,
1989 Dec 26, Romanian
television broadcast videotape of ousted President Nicolae Ceausescu
and his wife, Elena, at their secret trial and footage of
Ceausescu's body after his execution. That same day, a provisional
government took control of Romania.
1989 Some 1,200 deaths occurred
during the revolution after the army officially changed sides.
(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A11)
1989 Orthodox Patriarch
Teoctist resigned after the fall of Ceausescu. He was accused of
collaborating with the Ceausescu regime. Church leaders pressed him
to return 3 months later.
(SFC, 5/8/99, p.A10)
1989 The church was recognized
by the state following the collapse of communism.
(SFC, 5/25/02, p.A27)
1989 The village of Copsa Mica
was exposed as one of the most polluted places in Europe. Despite
cleanup efforts heavy contamination persisted in 2002.
(WSJ, 1/9/02, p.A1)
1990 Jan 8, Military tribunals
in Romania began trials of the country's dreaded security forces who
stood accused of resisting the revolution that toppled Nicolae
1990 Jan 27, In Romania, four
top associates of executed dictator Nicolae Ceausescu went on trial,
charged with abetting genocide.
1990 Mar 5, To the cheers of
onlookers, workers in Bucharest, Romania, finally succeeded in
removing a 25-foot, seven-ton bronze statue of Vladimir Lenin from
1990 Mar, Several people were
killed and hundreds injured in clashes between Romanians and ethnic
Hungarians in the Transylvanian city of Targu Mures. The Szeklers
make up about a third of Romania's 1.4 million Hungarian minority.
1990 May 20, Romania's ruling
National Salvation Front scored victories in the country's first
free elections in more than 50 years.
1990 Jun, In Romania
antigovernment protests left 6 people dead. In 2015 former Pres. Ion
Iliescu (85) faced charges for the deaths of 4 people, the shooting
of three others and depriving 1,000 people of their freedom.
(SFC, 10/22/15, p.A6)
1990 Jun, Miners, transported
into Bucharest in government vehicles, destroyed hundreds of
Interior Ministry files. Over 2 years well organized mobs of rural
coal miners descended on Bucharest 4 times to knock the heads of
student leaders, opposition politicians and others.
(SFC, 6/15/98, p.A11)
1990 Sep, Transdniestria
declared its independence over fears that Moldova planned to reunite
with Romania. It was not recognized internationally.
1990 Dec 25, Romania’s former
monarch, King Michael, arrived on his first visit to his homeland
since Communist rulers forced him to abdicate four decades earlier.
Michael and his companions were stopped by tanks, taken to the
airport and forced to leave the country less than 12 hours later.
(AP, 12/25/00)(AP, 12/5/17)
1990 In Romania former prime
minister Ilie Verdet formed the Socialist Party.
(SFC, 3/22/01, p.A20)
1990 Israelis began investing
in Romania and by 2006 had put in as much as $2 billion, much of it
routed through 3rd countries in order to take advantage of tax
(WSJ, 10/4/06, p.A1)
1991 Sep 24, Some 5,000 coal
miners led by Miron Cozma rampaged through Bucharest leaving 3 dead
and nearly 300 injured. This prompted the resignation of Prime
Minister Petre Roman.
(SFC, 2/16/99, p.A8)
1991 The Vatican raised
Metropolitan Alexandru Todea to the rank of Cardinal
(SFC, 5/25/02, p.A27)
1992 Sep, Ion Cioaba
(1935-1997), had himself crowned as King of the Gypsies with a
13-pound crown in front of 5,000 followers.
(SFC, 2/28/97, p.A24)
1992 Andrei Ivantoc, a member
of the Popular Moldovan Front, was arrested by separatist
authorities of Trans-Dniester. A year later he and the three
others were sentenced on charges of committing terrorist acts
against citizens of Trans-Dniester. The Popular Moldovan Front
called for the reunification of Moldova with neighboring Romania.
The group's members were seen as martyrs by some in Moldova and
Romania for their opposition to the separatists. Ivantoc was
released in 2007.
1992-1996 Nicolae Vacaroiu led Romania’s
authoritarian ex-communist government.
(Econ, 4/28/07, p.61)
1993 Nov, Marin Sorescu became
the minister of culture in the leftist government of Nicolae
(SFC, 12/11/96, p.A24)
1994 In Romania the Civic
Center district with its massive Palace of the Parliament, the
largest building in Europe, was completed.
(SSFC, 6/18/17, p.F6)
1995 Mar 27, Bernard Cornfeld
(67), Romanian-US financier (Fund of Funds), died.
1995 The capital is Bucharest.
National Day is Dec 1. The average monthly wage is $150. Premier
Nicolae Vacaroiu says the government is prepared to adopt new taxes
to reduce imports and help support the national currency.
(WSJ, 11/6/95, p.B-8F)
1996 The government rejected
the Dec. 24, '95 results of an election in the Dnestr region of
neighboring Moldava, a former Soviet state. The region voted for
independence and closer ties to Russia.
(WSJ, 1/4/96, p.A-1)
1996 May, Ilie Alexandru, aka
the J.R. of Romania, opened his copy of the Southfork Ranch of the
TV “Dallas" series in Slobozia as part of his Hermes Vacation park.
(SFC, 6/16/96, Zone 1 p.5)
1996 Jun 2, Victor Ciorbia of
the Democratic Convention won over Ilie Nastase, int’l tennis star
representing the Party of social Democracy, in preliminary elections
for the mayorship of Bucharest.
(SFC, 6/14/96, p. A14)
1996 Sep 16, Romania and
Hungary signed a treaty over the status of 1.6 million Hungarians in
Romania and a guarantee of borders.
(SFC, 9/17/96, p.A12)
1996 Nov 3, The opposition
party won parliamentary elections ending control by ex-Communists.
(WSJ, 11/4/96, p.A1)
1996 Nov 17, Centrist reformer
Emil Constantinescu (57), professor of geology, defeated Ion Ileascu
in presidential elections.
(SFC, 11/18/96, p.A11)
1996 Nov 19, In Romania Victor
Ciorbea, mayor of Bucharest, was named by the Peasant Party the next
(SFC, 11/20/96, p.C4)
1996 Nov 29, Emil
Constantinescu was sworn in as president.
(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A14)
1996 Dec 8, Marin Sorescu
(1936-1996), poet and former minister of culture, died.
(SFC, 12/11/96, p.A24)
1996 Sergiu Celibidache
(b.1912), conductor, died. In 2001 Deutsche Grammophon released a
box set of his selected performances.
(WSJ, 4/24/01, p.A22)
1997 Feb, A new economic
package was introduced that would reduce state subsidies, deregulate
food and energy prices, close unprofitable state enterprises and
(SFC, 2/24/96, p.A10)
1997 May 1, Romania apologized
for deporting tens of thousands of ethnic Germans to labor camps
during Communist rule or “selling" them by demanding cash from the
Bonn government for emigration permits.
(SFC, 5/2/97, p.A17)
1997 Jul 11, President Clinton
was cheered by tens of thousands of people in Bucharest, Romania,
where he raised hopes for NATO membership.
1997 Aug 7, Prime Minister
Victor Ciorbea announced the closure of 17 factories at the urging
of the IMF. 30,000 jobs would be lost and the following day
thousands protested the closing of the essentially bankrupt
(SFC, 8/9/97, p.C1)
1997 Romanian Orthodox Bishop
Nicolae Corneanu (1924-.2014) confessed he had been an informer
since 1948 and had excommunicated five dissident priests in 1981 who
had accused church leaders of prostituting the church to the demands
of communist rulers.
1998 Jan, In Romania the IMF
froze the disbursement of a $530 million lending program.
(WSJ, 5/6/98, p.A18)
1998 Mar 30, Prime Minister
Victor Ciorbea resigned and stepped down from his role as mayor of
(SFC, 3/31/98, p.B3)
1998 Apr 2, In Romania Radu
Vasile, an economist and leader of the national Peasant Party, was
named by Pres. Emil Constantinescu as the new prime minister. He
soon began reforms with an economic program to restore domestic and
(SFC, 4/3/98, p.B5)(WSJ, 5/6/98, p.A18)
1998 Apr 8, It was reported
that 22 Romanian ships carrying 500 sailors were stranded worldwide
due to economic problems of the state shipping firm, Navrom.
(SFC, 4/898, p.A12)
1998 Jun 25, The Senate voted
to keep some 125 million secret police files locked away.
(SFC, 6/26/98, p.D2)
1998 Jun, Sorin Moisescu
(d.2000), independence leader, was appointed president of the
(SFC, 4/7/00, p.D5)
1998 Aug 4, A heat wave swept
over Eastern Europe and caused 20 deaths in Romania.
(SFC, 8/5/98, p.A10)
1998 Nov 23, An Arctic cold
wave was reported to have killed 71 people across Europe over the
last 3 days. 36 deaths were in Poland and 24 in Romania and
(SFC, 11/24/98, p.A14)
1998 Dec 3, Brother Cleopa, an
Orthodox monk, died at age 87 at the 14th century Sihastra
Monastery. He was renowned for his lectures and sermons, some of
which were published under the title “Talks with Brother Cleopa," in
Sobornost, an ecumenical Orthodox and Anglican journal published in
(SFC, 12/7/98, p.A25)
1998 In Romania the last person
jailed for being gay walked free.
(SFC, 8/23/21, p.A4)
1999 Jan 19, In Romania ten
thousand coal miners clashed with police on the 15th day of a strike
to protest low wages and possible layoffs.
(USAT, 1/20/99, p.8A)(SFC, 1/20/99, p.A10)
1999 Jan 21, In Romania
striking miners stormed through police lines, killed one officer and
took 50 captive. The interior minister was fired.
(WSJ, 1/22/99, p.A1)
1999 Jan 22, In Romania miners
halted a violent strike after reaching a settlement with Prime
Minister Rady Vasile.
(SFC, 1/23/99, p.C1)
1999 Feb 15, In Romania the
Supreme Court sentenced in absentia Miron Cozma, leader of the coal
miners, to an 18 year prison term.
(SFC, 2/16/99, p.A8)
1999 Feb 16, Romanian miners
began a fresh march on Bucharest.
(WSJ, 2/17/99, p.A1)
1999 Feb 17, In Romania police
crushed a coal miners protest and arrested Miron Cozma. One person
was killed and a hundred were injured.
(SFC, 2/18/99, p.A12)
1999 Mar 24, Tens of thousands
of workers in Bucharest and other cities protested for lower taxes
and a cut in utility rates.
(SFC, 3/25/99, p.A10)
1999 Apr 20, Bulgaria and
Romania offered to let NATO use their airspace to bomb Yugoslavia.
(WSJ, 4/21/99, A22)
1999 Apr 21, Romania and the
IMF reached a preliminary agreement for a $500 million loan.
(SFC, 4/22/99, p.A15)
1999 May 7, In Romania the Pope
began a 3-day visit. This was his first visit to a country with an
Orthodox Christian majority. The Pope was greeted by Orthodox
Patriarch Teoctist (84).
(WSJ, 5/7/99, p.A1)(SFC, 5/8/99, p.A10)
1999 Sep, A plastic polymer
called Guardian replaced the paper 2,000 leu bank note.
(WSJ, 9/3/99, p.A9)
1999 Nov 2, In Bucharest dozens
of orphaned and homeless teenagers protested and urged the
government to provide jobs and housing.
(SFC, 11/3/99, p.C5)
1999 Nov 7, Radu Teposu,
writer, died in a car crash at age 45. His work included a book on
postmodernism in Romania that was banned under the Communists.
(SFC, 11/8/99, p.C2)
1999 Nov 23, In Romania some
5,000 workers of the CNSLR-Fratia trade union gathered in Bucharest
to protest plummeting living standards.
(SFC, 11/24/99, p.C5)
1999 Dec 10, The EU granted
preliminary consideration for membership to Bulgaria, Latvia,
Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Malta.
(SFC, 12/11/99, p.A16)
1999 Dec 14, In Romania Pres.
Constantinescu fired Prime Minister Radu Vasile, though the
constitution did not grant him that power. Alexandru Athanasiu, the
Labor and Social Welfare minister, was named to replace Vasile. The
average monthly salary was down to $89.
(SFC, 12/14/99, p.B2)
1999 Dec 16, Mugur Isarescu,
the central bank chief, was appointed prime minister following a
revolt by Peasants party ministers.
(WSJ, 12/17/99, p.A1)
1999 Dec, In an effort to
exorcise some of its past the government began an auction of the
personal goods of former dictator Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife
(WSJ, 12/8/99, p.A1)
1999 Romania passed legislation
to allow the opening of files in the archive of Securitate,
Ceausescu’s hated security police. Disclosures began in 2006.
(SSFC, 8/20/06, p.A20)
1999 Renault of France spent
$50 million to acquire a controlling stake in Dacia, a sickly
Romanian car maker formerly owned by the state. The first
Renault-Dacia Logan was produced in 2004. The millionth Logan was
produced in mid 2008.
(Econ, 11/15/08, SR p.14)
2000 Jan 30, In Romania a dam
at the Baia Mare gold mine overflowed and caused cyanide to pout
into the Lapus River and then into the Somes River. It flowed into
Hungary and within weeks into the Tisa (Tisza) River in Yugoslavia.
(SFC, 2/12/00, p.A9)(SFC, 2/18/00, p.A1)
2000 Feb 13, In Yugoslavia the
cyanide spill from Romania reached the Danube and weakened to
nonlethal levels. Life in the Tisa (Tisza) River in Hungary and
Serbia was devastated and Serbia threatened to demand compensation
at an int'l. court.
(SFC, 2/14/00, p.A16)
2000 Mar 10, In Romania some
20,000 tons of metal pollutants escaped into the Vaser River from
the state-owned Baia Borsa mine after a dam broke following heavy
rains and melting snow.
(SFC, 3/11/00, p.A9)
2000 Mar 25, Paul Calinescu,
the father of Romanian cinema, died at age 98.
(SFC, 3/28/00, p.E2)
2000 Apr 6, Sorin Moisescu
(61), president of the Supreme Court, died.
(SFC, 4/7/00, p.D5)
2000 Nov 26, Presidential
elections were held. A Dec 10 runoff was expected between Social
Democrat Ion Iliescu and ultranationalist Corneliu Vadim Tudor.
Annual inflation stood at 45%.
(SSFC, 11/26/00, p.A18)
2000 Dec 10, In Romania Ion
Iliescu, former Communist turned social democrat, won the
presidential runoff elections over nationalist Corneliu Vadim Tudor
(SFC, 12/11/00, p.A12)
2000 Dec 28, Parliament
approved Adrian Nastase, former foreign minister, as prime minister
of a new leftist minority government.
(SFC, 12/29/00, p.B6)
2001 Jan 18, There was a
cyanide spill in the Siret River. 72 people were later hospitalized
after eating river fish.
(WSJ, 1/25/01, p.A1)
2001 Feb, Romania enacted Law
10 to govern restitution for properties confiscated between 1945 and
1989. In 2006 Romania passed legislation to return property that had
been confiscated under Communist rule, to former owners and to
establish a fund to pay damages for assets that could not be
2001 Mar 7, The Parliament
voted to require citizens to notify police if foreign guests stay
over 15 days. It also voted to make it a crime for anyone to divulge
(WSJ, 3/8/01, p.A1)
2001 Mar 21, Ilie Verdet,
former prime minister, died at age 75.
(SFC, 3/22/01, p.A20)
2001 Jun 5, Ten people were
killed In Constanta when workers set off an explosion while welding
the hull of a Maltese oil tanker.
(SFC, 6/6/01, p.C3)
2001 Aug 7, A gas explosion in
the Vulcan coal mine killed at least 14 miners.
(SFC, 8/8/01, p.A9)
2001 Sep 27, Gellu Naum,
surrealist poet, playwright and translator, died at age 86. His work
included 20 poetry books, of which the 1st was “The Incendiary
Traveler" (1936) and the novel “Zenobia" (1985).
(SFC, 10/6/01, p.A18)
2001 Oct, Mohammad F. Abdul
Razak, the 1st secretary at the Iraqi Embassy in Romania, was asked
to leave for unsavory practices.
(WSJ, 12/20/01, p.A12)
2001 Nov, New bonds were to be
issued to finance the Sighisoara Tourism Development Fund and a
planned Dracula theme park to open in 2003.
(WSJ, 10/30/01, p.A1)
2001 Dec 3, US Sec. of State
Powell met in Romania with officials from 55 nations in a conference
on fighting terrorism.
(WSJ, 12/3/01, p.A1)
2001 Romania decriminalized
homosexuality while reforming its laws to qualify for membership in
(SFC, 8/23/21, p.A4)
2001 Daniel Morar (b.1966),
Chief Attorney of the Romanian National Anticorruption Directorate,
began prosecuting corruption related offenses. His term ended in
2002 May 21, Cardinal Alexandru
Todea (89), symbol of Catholic resistance to communism, died in
(SFC, 5/25/02, p.A27)
2002 Jun 11, Thousands of
Romania state workers jammed a square in downtown Bucharest, blaming
the government for a decline in living standards and calling for its
2002 Jul 14, A bus with 52
passengers, mostly Polish students, crashed in western Romania,
killing five people and injuring 26.
2002 Sep 26, NATO planned to
issue invitations in November to Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia,
Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. Expansion would commit
the current 19 members to defend the borders of the new members.
(SFC, 9/26/02, p.A1)
2002 Oct 9, The European
Union's executive Commission declared Bulgaria, the Czech Republic,
Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania,
Slovenia, and Slovakia nearly ready for EU membership and
recommended they be invited to join in 2004. Romania and Bulgaria
likely will be delayed until 2007 because of weak economies, the
Commission said, adding Turkey was the weakest link among
2002 Nov 21, The Baltic nations
of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania joined former communist states
Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia as the next wave of NATO
2002 Nov 23, President Bush
visited Vilnius, Lithuania, and Bucharest, Romania, where he vowed
to defend hard-won freedoms behind the former Iron Curtain.
2002 Nov 29, Romania urged the
EU on to reject a request by Hungarian producers for the exclusive
right to sell a regional brandy in EU countries under the generic
name "palinka." The Eastern European brandy, made from fermented
fruit pears, plums, apricots or grapes, has been produced in the
region under different names. In Hungary and in Romania's northwest
region of Transylvania, it is called "palinka," or "palinca," while
in southern Romania it is called "tuica," and in Moldova and
2002 Dec, In Romania Kurt W.
Treptow of Miami Beach, Fl., was sentenced to the maximum of seven
years in for offenses involving two girls, ages 10 and 13, whom he
invited into his home in Iasi. A Romanian woman was also convicted
of being his accomplice. Treptow was released in 2007 after writing
a book entitled "The life and Times of Vlad Dracul" while in prison.
2002 Romania decriminalized
homosexuality as it prepared to join the EU.
2002 In Romania almost 90% of
the country’s people at this time were Eastern Orthodox and 1%
Eastern Rite Catholics.
(SFC, 5/25/02, p.A27)
2003 Jan 1, Dumitru Tinu (62),
a leading Romanian journalist who covered the Soviet invasion of
Czechoslovakia and steered his newspaper along independent lines
after communism ended, died in a car accident.
2003 Mar 8, In Romania 5
Iraqi diplomats were expelled for “activities incompatible with
their status." Last week the US expelled two U.N.-based Iraqi
diplomats and identified 300 Iraqis in 60 countries, some operating
as diplomats out of Iraqi embassies, whom it wanted expelled.
2003 Mar 20, Some 600 US and
Romanian ground troops in Afghanistan began Operation Valiant
Strike, an intensified search for Taliban, al Qaeda and loyalists to
(SSFC, 3/23/03, p.A1)
2003 Jun 17, Romania's
government acknowledged that its former leaders deported and
exterminated Romanian Jews during World War II.
2003 Sep 22, The jawbone of a
cave-man living in what is now Romania, found in 2002 in Pestera cu
Oase, was reported as the oldest fossil from an early modern human
to be found in Europe. It was carbon-dated to between 34,000 and
36,000 years ago.
2003 Sep, Abd al-Rahim Al
Nashiri, a Saudi national later sent to Guantanamo Bay, was detained
and abused in Romania at a secret US prison. His detention continued
to Oct. 2005. Romania later denied hosting such CIA facilities.
2003 Oct 6, Elisabeta Rizea
(91), a Romanian anti-communist resistance fighter whose defiance of
the regime made her a symbol of the fight against tyranny, died.
2003 Oct 19, In Romania
government leaders held an emergency session as many voters avoided
the polls, throwing into doubt a referendum on a new constitution
aimed at helping the country join the European Union.
2003 Oct 21, Romanians
overwhelmingly approved a new constitution designed to prepare the
formerly communist country for membership in the EU.
2004 Mar 29, Pres. Bush hosted
a White House ceremony to welcome Bulgaria, Estonia, Lithuania,
Latvia, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia into the NATO alliance.
(WSJ, 3/30/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 2, In Brussels an
official ceremony welcomed Bulgaria, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia,
Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia into the NATO alliance.
(SFC, 4/3/04, p.A11)
2004 Jun 2, Romania’s Pres. Ion
Iliescu unveiled the new Logan sedan, a joint venture between
Renault and Romania’s Dacia. Starting prices were around $6,100. In
2007 nearly 80,000 Logans were sold in western Europe.
(SFC, 6/3/04, C5)(Econ, 5/31/08, SR p.7)
2004 Aug 7, The Romanian sitcom
"The Winding Road to Europe" featured villagers in the fictional La
Europa pub and swapping stories about how joining the EU will change
their lives. The European Union's Romania office has funded 12
15-minute episodes of "Winding Road" at $16,800 each, 4 of which had
2004 Nov 28, Romanians voted
for a president to succeed Ion Iliescu and lead the former communist
country into the European Union. A run off was scheduled for Dec 12
when neither ruling Socialist’s Nastase nor Bucharest Mayor Basescu
(AP, 11/28/04)(WSJ, 11/29/04, p.A1)
2004 Dec 4, A car accident in
Bucharest killed Teofil Peter of the rock band Compact. In 2006 US
Marine Sgt Christopher VanGoethem, a US embassy guard, was acquitted
of negligent homicide by a Marine court in Virginia.
(SFC, 2/1/06, p.A3)
2004 Dec 12, Romanians returned
to the polls for a presidential runoff between PM Adrian Nastase and
Bucharest Mayor Traian Basescu. Reformist opposition candidate
Traian Basescu won Romania's presidential runoff election.
2004 Dec 14, In Romania
Pres.-elect Traian Basescu opened talks to form a coalition
government with a party formerly allied with his opponent and one
representing ethnic Hungarians.
2004 Romania’s main political
parties formed the Coalition for a Clean Parliament, an
(Econ, 4/28/07, p.61)
2004 Romanian-born residents in
Britain numbered about 14,000. By 2016 the number increased 310,000.
(Econ., 1/2/21, p.43)
2005 Jan 1, Romania enacted a
law forbidding int’l. adoptions except to biological grandparents in
an effort to help it win EU membership.
(WSJ, 1/3/05, p.A1)
2005 Jan 1, Romania was
forecast for 5.2% annual GDP growth with a population at 21.7
million and GDP per head at $3,720.
(Econ, 1/8/05, p.89)
2005 Jan 16, A 66-year-old
Romanian woman became the world's oldest woman recorded to give
birth when she delivered a daughter by cesarean section.
2005 Mar 28, In Iraq 3 Romanian
journalists and their translator were abducted near their Baghdad
hotel. The journalists were freed by US forces on May 22. In 2015
Iraqi-born Mohammad Munaf, sentenced in absentia to 10 years prison
in 2008 by the Bucharest Appeals Court, was brought to Romania.
Munaf was the journalists' guide at the time of the kidnapping and
had been held by the US military since May 2005. A Syrian
businessman was serving a 20-year sentence in Romania for
masterminding the kidnapping.
(AP, 3/29/05)(SSFC, 10/15/06, p.A20)(AP, 8/27/15)
2005 Apr 13, The European
Parliament approved the entry of Bulgaria and Romania into the EU in
2007, but it said both countries still need to carry out necessary
2005 Apr 18, The annual Goldman
Environmental Prizes were awarded in San Francisco. Recipients
included Stephanie Daniel Roth of Romania for fighting an open-cast
(SFC, 4/18/05, p.B2)
2005 Apr 22, Al Jazeera
television reported that insurgents gave Romania 4 days to
withdraw its troops from Iraq in order to save the lives of 3
journalists kidnapped last month.
2005 Apr 29, Heavy rains in
western Romania have flooded hundreds of villages, forcing 3,700
people to abandon their homes and disrupting rail and road traffic.
2005 May 6, Romania's foreign
minister said his government would keep its troops in Iraq
supporting postwar operations despite the kidnapping of three
2005 May 12, Austrian
authorities reported the break up a major human trafficking ring led
by Romanian, Moldovan and Ukrainian criminals who smuggled more than
5,000 East Europeans to the West, many enduring horrific conditions
in tiny hiding spaces in cars, trucks and trailers.
2005 May 22, In Iraq 3 Romanian
journalists and their Iraqi-American guide were freed after nearly
two months in captivity. Mohammed Munaf, their Iraqi-American
translator, was later tried and convicted on charges that he
assisted in the kidnapping. In 2006 Munaf was sentenced to death.
(AP, 5/22/05)(SSFC, 10/15/06, p.A20)
2005 Jun 15, In Romania
Maricica Irina Cornici (23), an Orthodox nun, was found dead, gagged
and chained to a cross. Father Daniel (29), the superior of the Holy
Trinity monastery, had ordered the crucifixion of the young nun
because she was "possessed by the devil." The Orthodox priest
faced murder charges and was unrepentant as he celebrated a funeral
mass for his alleged victim. [see Jun 22]
2005 Jun 22, A Romanian monk
and four nuns were charged with murder after a nun died during an
exorcism. Maricica Irina Cornici (23) was crucified and left without
food for three days. [see Jun 15] In 2007 the monk and 4 nuns were
given prison sentences from 5-14 years.
(AP, 6/23/05)(AP, 2/19/07)
2005 Jul 7, Romania's PM Calin
Popescu Tariceanu said his Cabinet would resign and early elections
would be called after a court blocked essential justice reforms
required by the EU.
2005 Jul 17, Officials said
heavy rains and flash floods have killed 20 people in the past week
and inundated tens of thousands of homes in Romania. Death for the
month reached 26.
2005 Jul 27, The UN started
evacuating more than 400 refugees from a camp in Kyrgyzstan and will
fly them to a third country to keep them from being sent home to
Uzbekistan where they fear prosecution. Uzbekistan has been
pressuring Kyrgyzstan to hand over the refugees, and Kyrgyz
officials relented in recent weeks, sending at least 87 of them
2005 Jul 29, A plane with 440
Uzbek refugees left Kyrgyzstan for Romania.
2005 Aug 22, Romania’s PM Calin
Tariceanu reshuffled his center-right government, replacing four
ministers including those in charge of finance and European
integration after criticism of several cabinet members.
2005 Oct 6, Romania said it has
deported five students accused of having ties to al-Qaida and trying
to recruit members of the country's Muslim community.
2005 Oct 8, Romania reported
new cases of avian flu in the Danube delta on the Black Sea and
started to cull hundreds of birds to prevent the disease from
2005 Oct 9, The slaughter of
thousands of domestic fowl in Romania and Turkey began as a
precaution against the spread of bird flu after both countries
confirmed their first cases of the disease over the weekend.
2005 Oct 15, The European
Commission said tests have confirmed a link between the bird flu
found in Romania and the virus that has devastated flocks in Asia
and turned up in Turkey.
2005 Nov 3, European Union
officials said they would investigate a report that the CIA set up
secret jails in Eastern Europe to interrogate top al-Qaida suspects.
The international Red Cross also said it asked the US to let a
representative visit detainees if such a facility exists. At least
10 nations denied that the prisons were in their territory. Human
Rights Watch in New York said it has evidence indicating the CIA
transported suspected terrorists captured in Afghanistan to Poland
2005 Dec 6, US Sec. of State
Condoleeza Rice signed an agreement with Romania to open US military
bases there. One site was identified by Human Rights Watch as the
site for a clandestine prison.
(WSJ, 12/7/05, p.A16)
2005 Dec 22, Romania's prime
minister rejected US calls to allow adoptions by foreigners of about
1,000 Romanian children.
2005 Romania introduced a flat
tax of 16%.
(Econ, 3/5/05, p.54)
2005 Romania’s GDP per head was
(Econ, 1/6/07, p.43)
2006 Jan 14, In southwestern
Romania 7 miners were killed and five injured in a gas explosion at
a mine. Union leaders blamed it on a lack of investment in safety
2006 Jan 29, In Bucharest,
Romania, a stray dog killed a Japanese businessman. The mayor called
for a crash program of canine sterilization and euthanasia to
control the city’s 60,000 stray dogs.
(www.inyourpocket.com/romania/bucharest/en/)(Econ, 2/4/06, p.48)
2006 Feb 16, In Romania
authorities investigating the leak of secret military documents,
including details on coalition troops in Iraq and Afghanistan,
arrested Marian Garleanu, a Romanian journalist, for possession of
leaked material. Garleanu denied any wrongdoing and said he was
targeted because he has repeatedly exposed corruption in the
Ministry of Defense.
2006 Apr 5, Home Secretary
Charles Clarke said London would press for Romania to be granted
membership of the European Union "as soon as possible" as he praised
the country's work against people trafficking.
2006 Apr 13, The Danube reached
record-high levels in Bulgaria, Romania and Serbia, flooding fertile
farmland as authorities in southeastern Europe considered ordering
2006 Jun 20, In southern
Afghanistan an explosion tore apart a coalition tank, killing one
Romanian soldier and wounding four others.
2006 Jun 29, Romania's PM Calin
Popescu Tariceanu proposed withdrawing 890 troops from Iraq because
of high casualty levels and the cost of the operation.
2006 Aug 18, In Greece a
700-year-old icon, said to have the power to work miracles, was
discovered stolen from the cliff-side Elona Monastery. In September
police arrested a Romanian national in Crete and recovered the
Madonna and Child icon.
(SSFC, 10/8/06, p.A26)(http://tinyurl.com/grxc8)
2006 Aug 22, The Orizont, a
leased Romanian oil rig off the coast of Iran, came under fire from
Iranian military vessels and was later occupied by Iranian troops. A
2nd Romanian rig had recently been towed from Iranian waters due to
(AP, 8/22/06)(WSJ, 10/14/06, p.A8)
2006 Aug, In Romania the heads
of the leading spy agencies quit along with the top prosecutor after
they failed to keep track of Omar Hayssam. The Syrian-born
businessman, arrested on terrorism charges, fled Romania after being
paroled for health reasons.
(Econ, 9/16/06, p.62)
2006 Sep 2, In Romania liberal
leaders expelled Mona Musca, one of the country's most popular
politicians, from the party after she admitted to having
collaborated with the Securitate secret police under the communist
dictatorship of Nicolae Ceausescu.
2006 Sep 26, The European
Commission recommended that Bulgaria and Romania join the EU next
year, but under some of the harshest terms ever faced by new
2006 Oct 24, Britain said
Bulgarians and Romanians will have only limited rights to work in
Britain for at least a year after their countries join the European
Union on January 1.
2006 Dec 10, In Romania more
than 6,000 inmates at 24 prisons took part in hunger strikes and
other protests to demand amnesty and better living conditions.
2006 In Romania the
Institute for Investigating the Crimes of Communism and the Memory
of the Romanian Exile was founded by Liberal PM Calin Popescu
2006 Romania handed over key
Securitate files and a master index to an independent institute. In
2008 the government issued an emergency decree to keep the institute
open after a court ruled its work unlawful.
(Econ, 5/31/08, SR p.13)
2006 At least 2 million of
Romania’s 22 million people worked abroad, mostly in farm jobs.
(Econ, 2/4/06, p.48)
2007 Jan 1, Bulgaria and
Romania joined the EU. Some 30,000 Israelis gained EU citizenship
due to their dual registration in Romania.
(WSJ, 10/4/07, p.A11)(AP, 1/1/07)
2007 Feb 1, Romanian President
Traian Basescu told Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates that pirated
Microsoft software helped Romania to build a vibrant technology
2007 Feb 19, Daniel Petru
Corogeanu, a Romanian priest, was sentenced to 14 years in prison.
In 2005 he had led a dayslong exorcism ritual with 4 nuns for
Maricica Irina Cornici (23), a young nun, that ended with the
woman's death. One of the nuns, Nicoleta Arcalianu, was sentenced to
eight years in prison, and the other three, Adina Cepraga, Elena
Otel and Simona Bardanas, received five-year sentences.
2007 Apr 19, Romania's
parliament voted to suspend the popular president who ushered in
economic and social reforms to help the country join the European
Union, accusing him of abusing his constitutional powers. President
Traian Basescu had earlier vowed to resign "within five minutes" if
lawmakers voted to suspend him. His resignation would prompt a new
election within three months, and he has said he would run again for
office. Former president Nicolae Vacaroiu (1992-1996) became acting
(AP, 4/19/07)(Econ, 4/28/07, p.61)
2007 May 2, Romania’s
Parliament approved an agreement allowing the US to use four
military bases and station up to 3,000 troops in the former
2007 May 19, Romanians voted on
whether to impeach President Traian Basescu, who has been accused of
violating the constitution but remains popular among the public.
Basescu, suspended on grounds he abused power, easily survived a
referendum on his impeachment, with partial results indicating about
three-fourths of the votes supporting the leader.
(AP, 5/19/07)(AP, 5/20/07)
2007 May 23, Romania's
suspended President Traian Basescu was reinstated after he won a
referendum on his removal from office.
2007 May 27, Christian Mungiu,
a Romanian director, won the Cannes Film Festival Palme d’Or for his
“3 Weeks and 2 Days," which looked at abortion during the communist
era. Michael Moore’s “Sicko," a film on the inequities of America’s
health system, also featured at Cannes.
(WSJ, 5/29/07, p.A1)(Econ, 5/26/07, p.32)
2007 Jun 8, A European
investigator issued a report saying the CIA ran secret prisons in
Poland and Romania from 2003 to 2005 to interrogate detainees in the
war on terror.
2007 Jun 9, In Romania police
used tear gas against protesters who hurled stones at the annual gay
rights parade in Bucharest.
2007 Jun 14, Romania's
government defended its decision to return "Dracula's Castle" to
members of the former royal family, denying allegations that the
decision was illegal.
2007 Jun 19, In Romania
hundreds of retirees took to the streets in Bucharest and about 20
other towns to demand that pensions be raised to at least 45% of the
average national salary and other benefits. Romania numbered 6
million retirees out of a population of 22 million.
2007 Jun 23, In Romania a bear
attacked a group of US tourists on a remote trail in the Carpathian
Mountains, killing a woman and injuring two other people.
2007 Jun 26, Sizzling
temperatures in Greece, Italy and Romania brought power cuts and
brush fires in a heat wave that has led to at least 38 deaths in
southeast Europe in recent days.
2007 Jul 22, The death toll
from Romania's heat wave rose to 15 after 6 more people died as
temperatures hovered around 40 degrees Celsius (104 Fahrenheit).
2007 Jul 27, Victor Frunza
(72), a Romanian anti-communist dissident and writer, died in
Denmark of a heart attack. He was forced to leave Romania in 1980
after writing a letter critical of the communist regime led by
dictator Nicolae Ceausescu. While in Romania, Frunza secretly wrote
a history of communism in the country that was published in Denmark
in 1984. He also wrote essays championing human rights and published
a political magazine.
2007 Jul 30, Patriarch Teoctist
(b.1915), head of the Romanian Orthodox Church, died in Bucharest,
He made history when he invited the late John Paul II to his
Orthodox country in 1999 but was criticized for being too close to
2007 Aug 1, It was reported
that more than 100 Serbian Gypsies have crossed the border illegally
into neighboring Romania in recent days and filed applications for
asylum claiming they were subject to abuse and attacks in Serbia.
2007 Aug 5, Florian Pittis
(63), Romanian actor and folk musician, died of cancer. He helped
popularize Western rock bands in communist Romania.
2007 Aug 17, Romania and the US
started military training exercises to test installations that will
become the first US facilities in the former Soviet bloc, a plan
opposed by Russia.
2007 Sep 15, It was reported
that nearly 90% of Romania’s 22 million people adhere to the
Romanian Orthodox Church. Its $4 billion fortune makes it the
country’s 6th biggest enterprise.
(Econ, 9/15/07, p.66)
2007 Oct 22,
Romania's President Traian Basescu apologized for the
deportation of thousands of Gypsies to Nazi death camps during World
War II, the first time a government official has done so publicly.
2007 Oct 30, In Italy Giovanna
Reggiani (47) was brutally attacked as she returned home in northern
Rome. She died 2 days later. Nicolae Mailat, a Romanian Gypsy,
admitted to snatching her bag but denied her murder. Her attack
triggered a public outcry.
(Econ, 11/10/07, p.63)
2007 Nov 1, Italy's president
signed a decree allowing the expulsion of EU citizens "for reasons
of public safety" to fight "episodes of heavy violence and ferocious
crime." This followed the Oct 30 attack on a 47-year-old woman as
she walked along a road after dark toward barracks where she lived.
She was beaten, dragged through mud and left half naked in a ditch.
The woman died 2 days later. Police arrested Nicolae Mailat a
Romanian in his 20s, who lives in a shack in one of several
sprawling settlements on the outskirts of Rome.
2007 Nov 2, Italy began
deporting Romanians with criminal records in response to a streak of
violent crime blamed on immigrants. In Rome up to 10 people wearing
motorcycle helmets attacked a group of Romanians with knives, metal
bars and sticks in the parking lot of a supermarket. Three Romanians
were injured. As part of the crackdown, bulldozers in Rome for a
second day knocked down shantytowns where thousands of foreigners
lived without permits.
2007 Dec 1, At the 20th annual
European Film Awards in Berlin Romanian director Cristian Mungiu's
"4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days" won the best film prize.
2007 New amendments to
Romania’s penal code prescribed jail sentences of up to 7 years for
journalists who publish material showing officials involved in
bribe-taking. The code also raised the financial threshold for
(Econ, 11/3/07, p.64)
2007 In Romania agriculture
ministers Decebal Traian Remes resigned his Cabinet post after
prosecutors accused him of taking a bribe of $21,000 (euro15,800)
and the promise of homemade sausages and plum brandy from Ioan
Muresan, a former agriculture minister who allegedly was acting on
behalf of businessman Gheorghe Ciorba.
2007 The population of Romania
numbered about 22 million people and counted 4.5 million farms and
smallholdings. This represented almost a third of all the farm
holdings in the EU.
(Econ, 11/17/07, p.63)
2008 Jan 24, In Britain almost
two dozen Romanians were arrested after police swooped on a child
2008 Jan 31, Romania’s
Constitutional Court struck down the 1999 law that opened Romania's
secret police archives. It effectively forced the Council for the
Study of the Securitate Archives to shut down, and makes its
previous decisions null.
2008 May 19, The US Justice
Department said international investigators have busted a vast
Internet fraud network and charged 38 suspects, most of them
Romanians living in the US.
2008 Jun 13, In southern
Afghanistan a suicide bomber hit a NATO military convoy, causing
casualties. A Romanian soldier was killed and three others injured
in Qalat, the capital of southern Zabul province. In south-central
Uruzgan province, Afghan and NATO-led forces killed 17 Taliban. In
eastern Paktia province, an operation by US-led coalition forces
resulted in the deaths of a woman and a number of militants. In
Ghazni province a coalition air strike killed seven Taliban
2008 Jun 30, Brahim Deby, the
eldest son of Chad’s President Idriss Deby, was found dead in the
basement of his apartment building in a Paris suburb. He was
asphyxiated by chemicals from a fire extinguisher that lay near his
body. In late November Romanian police arrested a French-Romanian
national identified as Marius C. after on a warrant from France.
2008 Jul 27, Floods in western
Ukraine killed 22 people, including 4 children, and 5 in neighboring
Romania after 5 days of nonstop rain. A senior government official
described them as the worst in a century. Heavy rain in the
southwestern Carpathian Mountains caused the Prut and Dniestr rivers
to overflow. The flooding affected more than 40,000 houses and led
to the evacuation of some 20,000 people.
(Reuters, 7/27/08)(AP, 7/28/08)
2008 Aug 5, The UN said heavy
rains and storms have led to some of the worst floods in 40 years in
parts of Ukraine, Moldova and Romania since July 22, causing great
damage to homes, infrastructure and farmland. In Ukraine, 34 people
have been killed in the west of the country along the Dnestr and
Prut rivers; in Moldova, three people are reported to have drowned
in the capital Chisinau; in Romania five people have been killed.
2008 Oct 7, In Romania some
7,000 workers and trade unionists marched around the parliament in
Bucharest to demand higher salaries and better working conditions.
2008 Oct 23, In Romania vandals
rampaged through a sprawling Jewish cemetery in Bucharest, toppling
tombstones and smashing markers for as many as 200 graves.
2008 Nov 6, Romania's defense
minister says the country's 501 peacekeepers in Iraq will all leave
by the end of the year.
2008 Nov 6, A Romanian computer
programmer who hacked into computers used by the U.S. Navy, the
Department of Energy and NASA was convicted on Romanian charges and
ordered to pay thousands in damages. Victor Faur (28) was also given
a 16-month suspended prison sentence. In 2006 Faur was indicted in
the United States on nine federal counts of computer intrusion and
one of conspiracy.
2008 Nov 15, In southwestern
Romania two explosions in a coal mine killed eight miners and four
2008 Nov 23, In southern Brazil
weekend rains caused rivers to overflow their banks. The resulting
floods and mudslides left at least 99 people dead. In northeastern
Paragominas a mob of about 3,000 people, enraged by a crackdown on
illegal logging, trashed a government office, and tried to attack
(AP, 11/25/08)(AP, 11/24/08)(AP, 11/27/08)
2008 Nov 30, Romanians trickled
to the polls to elect a new parliament, as the leftist Social
Democrats and right-wing Liberal Democrats battled it out ahead of
PM Calin Tariceanu's Liberals. The leftist Social Democrats won the
most votes, but failed to get enough support to take power outright.
(AP, 11/30/08)(SFC, 12/1/08, p.A4)
2008 Dec 1, Romania's
parliamentary election results showed the centrist and leftist
parties less than a percentage point apart with more than 90 percent
of the vote counted, raising the prospect of tough negotiations to
form a coalition.
2008 Dec 5, In Romania
Constantin Ticu Dumitrescu (80), once jailed as a communist-era
"enemy of the state," died after years of fighting to reveal details
of the country's troubled past.
2008 Dec 10, In Romania Theodor
Stolojan (65), former World Bank economist, was chosen to become the
next prime minister. On Dec 15 Stolojan renounced the job and was
replaced by Emil Boc (42), the leader of the same centrist
Democratic Liberal Party.
(SFC, 12/11/08, p.A4)(AP, 12/15/08)
2009 Jan 3, Russian gas flows
to four European Union countries fell normal levels after Moscow cut
off supplies to Ukraine in a pricing row with no talks in sight to
resolve the dispute. Bulgaria's Bulgargaz joined energy firms in
Poland, Romania and Hungary in saying they had noted falls in
2009 Jan 6, A natural gas
crisis loomed over Europe, as a contract dispute between Russia and
Ukraine shut off Russian gas supplies to six countries and reduced
gas deliveries to several others. Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia,
Romania, Croatia and Turkey all reported a halt in gas shipments.
2009 Feb 4, Romania’s central
bank cut interest rates by a quarter point to 10%, still the highest
in the EU.
(WSJ, 2/5/09, p.A8)
2009 Feb 8, Voters in
Switzerland approved an expanded labor deal with the European Union
that allows Romanians and Bulgarians to work in the Alpine republic.
2009 Mar 25, Romania was given
a loan totaling 20 billion euros (27 billion dollars) by the IMF,
the EU, the World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and
Development (EBRD). An austerity program accompanied the loans.
2009 Apr 23, Former King
Michael of Romania took the unusual step of endorsing his son-in-law
as a candidate in the country's next presidential election.
2009 Jun 8, Final results
showed a British far-right party won its first-ever parliamentary
seats in EU elections. The British National Party, which does not
accept nonwhite members and calls for the "voluntary repatriation"
of immigrants, won two of Britain's 72 seats in the European
Parliament. Austria's Freedom Party, which also campaigned on an
anti-Islam platform, more than doubled its share of the vote to
13.1%. Hungary's Jobbik party, which describes itself as
Euro-skeptic and anti-immigration and wants police to crack down on
what it calls "Gypsy crime," won three of the country's 22 seats and
almost 15% of the vote. The Greater Romania Party, which is, among
other things, pro-religion, anti-gay and anti-Hungarian, made
surprise gains, winning almost 9% of the vote and taking two of
Romania's 33 seats. A bloc of center-right parties remained the
2009 Jun 23, Northern Ireland’s
government said more than 100 Romanian Gypsies who suffered racist
attacks and intimidation in Belfast are being flown back home at
2009 Jul 13, Turkey and four EU
countries (Austria, Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary) formally agreed
to route the Nabucco natural gas pipeline across their territories,
pushing ahead with a US- and EU-backed attempt to make Europe less
dependent on Russian gas.
(AP, 7/13/09)(Econ, 7/18/09, p.47)
2009 Aug 26, In Bucharest,
Romania, fans at first politely applauded the Roma performers
sharing a stage with Madonna. Then the pop star condemned widespread
discrimination against Roma, or Gypsies, and the cheers gave way to
jeers. Official Romanian data put the local Roma population at
2009 Sep 28, In Romania Gen.
Nicolae Plesita (b.1929), a die-hard Communist and ruthless chief of
the Securitate secret police (1980-1984), died. He had arranged
shelter in Romania for terrorist Carlos the Jackal, and was tried
for the 1981 bombing in Munich of Radio Free Europe.
2009 Oct 1, Romania's coalition
government collapsed after nine ministers from the Social Democrats
quit to protest the firing of interior minister Dan Nica. Social
Democratic Party leader Mircea Geoana said the ministers resigned
"in solidarity" with Nica, who was fired by PM Emil Boc on Sep 28
over a statement about potential fraud in the upcoming Nov 22
2009 Oct 8, Herta Mueller (56)
won the Nobel Prize in literature in an award seen as a nod to the
20th anniversary of communism's collapse. She was member of
Romania's ethnic German minority persecuted for her critical
depictions of life behind the Iron Curtain. She made her debut in
1982 with a collection of short stories titled "Niederungen," or
"Nadirs," depicting the harshness of life in a small,
German-speaking village in Romania. It was promptly censored by the
communist government. Some of her works have been translated into
English, French and Spanish, including "The Passport," "The Land of
Green Plums," "Traveling on One Leg" and "The Appointment."
2009 Oct 8, Romania unveiled a
monument in memory of some 300,000 Jews and Gypsies killed during
the Holocaust in the country, which at times denied that the
extermination even happened.
2009 Oct 13, Romania's
government fell in a confidence vote in Parliament. Lawmakers said
it failed to improve the economy after going into recession
following 3 years of growth. A total of 254 parliamentary deputies
and senators voted to oust PM Emil Boc, more than the 236 needed,
and 176 voted against. Under the constitution it was up to Pres.
Traian Basescu to name a new prime minister.
2009 Nov 22, Romania held
elections. President Traian Basescu received 32.7% of the vote,
while Mircea Geoana won 30.1%, in first official results based on
around 85% of the vote counted in an election tainted by accusations
2009 Dec 6, Romanians voted in
a presidential run-off hoping to put an end to a political standoff
holding up crucial international aid to the recession-wracked EU
member. Center-right President Traian Basescu, a former sea captain
promising tough state reforms, faced Social-Democrat Mircea Geoana,
an ex-diplomat who has pledged to maintain jobs and "reunite
Romania" after years of political squabbling. Basescu won with
50.33% of the vote. Supporters of Geoana charged that the election
was marred by fraud. The final result was determined by Romanians
abroad who favored Basescu by 78%.
(AFP, 12/6/09)(SFC, 12/8/09, p.A4)(Econ,
2009 Dec 11, Romania's
Constitutional Court ordered a re-examination of ballots declared
void in the Dec 6 presidential election amid allegations of
2009 Romanian Intelligence
Service signed a secret protocol in which the agency promised to
provide technical infrastructure for prosecutors and protect
classified data obtained from legal phone and electronic tapping. In
2018 a human rights group criticized the phone tapping agreement,
saying it exposes ordinary citizens to potential abuse.
2010 Feb 4, Romania’s Pres.
Traian Basescu says the country's top defense body has approved a US
proposal to place anti-ballistic interceptors in Romania as part of
a revamped US missile shield. The measure passed the Supreme Defense
Council and must be approved by Parliament.
2010 Feb 23, In Afghan Gen.
Stanley McChrystal apologized for the Feb 21 strike in central
Uruzgan province that Afghan officials say killed at least 21
people. The video was also posted on a NATO Web site. The civilian
deaths occurred as 15,000 NATO, US and Afghan soldiers were in their
10th day of fighting insurgents in Marjah, Helmand province. A
Romanian soldier was killed and another was wounded in a bombing in
the south unrelated to the offensive. A morning explosion in Lashkar
Gah, the capital of Helmand, left eight people dead and at least 16
others wounded. The death toll of US troops in the Afghan war
surpassed the grim milestone of 1,000.
2010 May 19, Tens of thousands
of Romanians rallied in Bucharest to protest planned wage cuts as a
budget crises impacted the ailing economy.
(SFC, 5/20/10, p.A2)
2010 Jun 18, Romania's finance
ministry said the cash-strapped government is asking for donations
to a solidarity fund set up to boost budget revenues and cushion the
impact of the economic crisis.
2010 Jun 23, Romania's most
notorious television journalist and his producer were formally
arrested and detained for 29 days on charges of blackmailing and
threatening a mayor. Dan Diaconescu and producer Doru Parv were
arrested after a 7-hour overnight court hearing. They were charged
with demanding money from Ion Motz, the mayor of Zarand village, to
avoid broadcasting compromising material about him.
2010 Jun 29, In Romania
authorities said ten people have died and three were missing after
heavy rains and flooding in the northeast.
2010 Jul 5, A Romanian military
plane crashed near the Black Sea, killing 10 people and injuring
three. The Antonov AN-2 plane with 13 people on board took off for
parachuting training and crashed soon after takeoff.
2010 Jul 21, In Romania
forensic scientists exhumed what are believed to be the bodies of
Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife Elena to solve the
mystery of where they are truly buried.
2010 Jul 26, In central Romania
an Israeli helicopter crashed with no survivors among the six
Israeli and one Romanian soldiers on board.
2010 Aug 2, Romania's central
bank issued a special coin commemorating Miron Cristea, a prime
minister (1938-1939) and religious leader, who stripped Jews of
their citizenship before World War II. The move prompted protest
from Romanian Jews as well as a director at the US Holocaust
2010 Aug 16, In Romania a fire
at a Bucharest maternity hospital killed 3 babies. A 4th died the
next day and seven remained in critical condition. The accident
provoked a wave of public indignation, throwing light on Romania's
poorly funded and understaffed health system.
2010 Aug 16, In Russia Gabriel
Grecu, first secretary in the political department of the Romanian
Embassy in Moscow, was detained while trying to obtain secret
military information from a Russian citizen. He was given 48 hours
to leave the country.
2010 Aug 19, France deported
nearly 100 Gypsies, or Roma, to their native Romania as part of a
very public effort by conservative President Nicolas Sarkozy to
dismantle Roma camps and sweep them out of the country.
2010 Aug 20, France put about
100 Gypsies, or Roma, on a charter flight headed to their native
Romania, the second day in a row that it has expelled Roma in a much
criticized government crackdown.
2010 Aug 21, In Romania
Gheorghe Apostol (b.1913), a veteran Communist politician, died. He
gained international attention in 1989 by publicly criticizing
Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu.
2010 Sep 9, The European
Parliament called on France to suspend its expulsion of gypsies. The
rare criticism of an EU state was backed by 337 lawmakers meeting in
Strasbourg, France, with 245 opposed and 51 abstentions. To date
France had deported 8,000 people to Romania and Bulgaria this year
(AP, 9/9/10)(Econ, 9/18/10, p.73)
2010 Sep 24, In Romania some
6,000 police officers protested plans to cut their wages by 25
percent, part of government's austerity measures to reduce the
budget deficit. Pres. Basescu asked the interior ministry to
withdraw his police protection shortly after the protest.
2010 Sep 27, The Romanian
government was in an uproar over austerity protests. The interior
minister resigned, the opposition demanded the prime minister go as
well and top police officials held emergency talks with the
2010 Oct 1, In southern
Afghanistan 2 coalition soldiers were killed in a blast while on
patrol. NATO said it has captured more insurgent leaders and
announced it has detained at least 438 suspected militants over the
last month. Just north of Kandahar, two Romanian soldiers were
killed and one injured when their Humvee was struck by an improvised
explosive device some 25 miles (40 km) northeast of Qalat in Zabul
2010 Oct 27, Romania government
survived a no-confidence, as some 30,000 people demonstrated in
Bucharest against the nation's wage cuts and austerity measures.
(AP, 10/27/10)(SFC, 10/28/10, p.A2)
2010 Nov 1, In Romania a MiG-21
Lancer fighter jet crashed during a training exercise, killing two
2010 In Romania Emil Boc's
government increased sales tax from 19 percent to 24 percent and cut
public workers' salaries by a quarter to reduce the budget deficit.
2011 Jan 6, Romanian witches
angry about having to pay income taxes for the first time hurled
poisonous mandrake into the Danube River to cast spells on the
president and government.
2011 Feb 5, In Romania five
miners died in an explosion at a coal mine in the Jiu Valley mining
2011 Feb 22, Ion Hobana (80),
Romania's best-known science fiction writer, died in Bucharest. His
works were translated abroad has died. His last book, a history of
French science fiction before 1900, was published in November.
2011 Mar 10, Romania's Pres.
Traian Basescu signed a law making Feb. 20 an official holiday to
mark when the slavery of Gypsies, or Roma, was abolished. Roma
slavery was abolished Feb. 20, 1856, but discrimination persists
against the group.
2011 Jul 16, Bulgarian railway
workers found seals on a train carriage door broken, and the door
not properly closed. 64 unarmed missile warheads from the train
transporting military equipment to Bulgaria from Romania were
missing. The components were said to not be dangerous.
2011 Aug 16, Romania’s
controversial Tourism Minister Elena Udrea sparked outrage with a
frock she admitted cost as much as many Romanians make in more than
a month. She defended the $1290 dress, insisting it cost less than
the thousands of euros that media has reported.
2011 Aug, In Romania Florin
Nicolae Ghinea was arrested for trafficking at least 38 women to
brothels in Ireland from 2007-2010.
(SSFC, 9/4/11, p.A4)
2011 Sep 13, Romania signed a
deal to host a crucial part of a US missile defense system.
Romania's President Traian Basescu announced the deal after meeting
with President Obama in Washington. Under NATO plans, a limited
system of US anti-missile interceptors and radars planned for Europe
include interceptors in Romania and Poland as well as radar in
2011 Oct 18, Romania's
anti-discrimination council voted 5-2 to caution President Traian
Basescu for making discriminatory remarks about Gypsies and disabled
2011 Oct 19, Romania's
government approved a draft law that permits the building of an
anti-ballistic interceptor site in the country as part of a US
2011 Nov 16, A court in Romania
ordered the arrest of a Romanian man accused of hacking into NASA's
servers in December, 2010, causing NASA losses of about $500,000
(euro371,000). A court spokesman said Robert Butyka (26) would be
arrested for 29 days as he awaits trial.
2011 Nov 22, Romanian lawmakers
voted to make it legal to euthanize the thousands of stray dogs that
roam the country's streets, angering animal rights activists who
have lobbied for months to stop the measure. The law will allow
officials to round up homeless dogs from the street, hold them in
shelters for 30 days and then have them killed. President Traian
Basescu was expected to sign the law.
2011 Dec, Romania’s former PM
Adrian Nastase (2000-2004) a key member of the opposition Social
Democracy Party, was cleared of corruption charges in a trial where
he was accused of paying a bribe to a government official in charge
of preventing money laundering to destroy documents regarding a bank
deposit of $400,000 (euro308,000) by Nastase's wife.
2012 Jan 13, In Romania
demonstrations began on behalf of Raed Arafat, a popular health care
official. He had quit over a plan to privatize a medical emergency
system, which he had set up. On Jan 17 the government gave him back
his job and said it would rethink its health plans.
(Econ, 1/21/12, p.57)
2012 Jan 15, In Romania
protests continued in cities for a 4th day reflecting widespread
anger against austerity measures and an unpopular government.
2012 Jan 16, In Romania dozens
of demonstrators gathered in downtown Bucharest as PM Emil Boc
warned that violent protests, that left 59 injured over the weekend,
could jeopardize stability and economic growth.
2012 Jan 20, In Romania crowds
gathered in Bucharest for the eighth day as a US official urged
Romanians to avoid the violence that has tarred anti-government
protests that have left more than 60 people injured.
2012 Jan 24, Romania's PM Emil
Bloc used a national Day of Unity holiday to call for unity as
thousands of protesters angry at the government's failure to reverse
falling living standards turned their ire toward state media.
2012 Jan 30, Romania's highest
court sentenced former PM Adrian Nastase (2000-2004) to two years in
prison after convicting him of illegally raising funds for a failed
2012 Feb 3, The death toll from
a severe cold spell in Eastern Europe rose to 222, including 101 in
the Ukraine, 37 in Poland, 24 in Romania and 16 in Bulgaria.
2012 Feb 6, Romania's
government collapsed following weeks of protests against austerity
measures, the latest debt-stricken government in Europe to fall in
the face of raising public anger over biting cuts. President Traian
Basescu appointed Justice Minister Catalin Predoiu, the only
minister in Emil Boc's Cabinet who is not a member of any political
party, to be interim prime minister pending the formation of a new
2012 Feb 9, Romania's
Parliament approved a government led by former spy chief Mihai
Razvan Ungureanu (43), which the ruling coalition hopes will improve
its popularity ahead of parliamentary elections this year. His
Cabinet has seven ministers from the previous cabinet, but new,
younger ministers for the key portfolios of economy, finance,
interior ministry and agriculture.
2012 Feb 13, Military planes
flew in tons of emergency food to towns and villages in eastern
Romania where thousands have been stranded by blizzards.
2012 Feb 14, A Romania court in
Bucharest ruled that former agriculture ministers Decebal Traian
Remes and Ioan Muresan took bribes and engaged in
influence-peddling. Both were sentenced to 3 years in prison.
2012 Feb 14, Romania's top
court recognized Prince Paul Hohenzollern as the legitimate grandson
of former King Carol II, ending a 21-year-legal battle.
2012 Feb 14, Snow as deep as 15
feet (4.5m) isolated areas of Albania, Moldova and Romania, and
helicopters and army trucks were used to deliver food and medicine,
and to transport sick people to hospitals. Officials said 5
Romanians died in the past 24 hours due to frigid temperatures,
bringing the total to 79 weather-related deaths since the nation's
cold spell began.
2012 Feb 15, Authorities said
more than 600 people in Eastern Europe have died during a
record-breaking cold snap. Officials in the Czech Republic blamed
two massive car pile-ups on blinding snow. Authorities in Russia
said 205 people have died, while in Ukraine there have been 112
fatalities; in Poland, 107. Authorities said 7 people have died in
Romania in the past 24 hours, bringing the total there to 86 deaths.
2012 Apr 9, In Spain four
people died in a fire that destroyed a makeshift hut in which they
were living in the northeastern city of Barcelona. Spanish National
Radio cited police at the scene as saying they were Romanians.
2012 Apr 27, Romania's
government fell in a no-confidence vote, as opposition parties
seized on widespread public anger over biting austerity measures,
cronyism and corruption. Some 235 lawmakers voted against the
government of PM Mihai Razvan Ungureanu, four more votes than
2012 May 7, In Romania Victor
Ponta (b.1972), head of the Social Democratic party, took office as
prime minister. Ponta's government quickly moved to remove both
speakers of Parliament and replace them with figures from the
2012 Jun 19, Romania’s PM
Victor Ponta faced claims that he had plagiarized half of his
doctoral thesis. Two of his education ministers had already resigned
for allegedly copying academic work. On June 29 an academic panel
ruled that Ponta had plagiarized large sections of his thesis and
called for him to be stripped of his doctorate. Ponta soon fired the
academic body that upheld the charges.
(SFC, 6/20/12, p.A2)(SFC, 6/30/12, p.A2)(Econ,
2012 Jun 20, In Romania former
PM Adrian Nastase shot himself and was hospitalized hours after a
court upheld a 2-year prison sentence on corruption charges.
(SFC, 6/21/12, p.A2)
2012 Jul 6, Romanian lawmakers
impeached President Traian Basescu (60) in a 216-114 vote, paving
the way for a national referendum that could see the divisive and
increasingly unpopular leader ousted from the powerful position he's
held for eight years. Basescu's opponents accused him of
overstepping his authority by meddling with the prime minister's
office and trying to influence judicial affairs.
2012 Jul 17, Romania's interim
President Cris Antonescu signed a new law that requires a majority
of registered voters to take part in a referendum for it to be
valid, giving suspended President Traian Basescu a fighting chance
of remaining in office when his impeachment comes up for a public
2012 Jul 29, Romanians voted on
whether to oust Pres. Traian Basescu (60), part of a political
battle that has raised questions about the rule of law in the
fledgling European Union member. A rule required turnout to be more
than half of the total electorate. The effort failed because of low
(AP, 7/29/12)(SFC, 7/30/12, p.A4)
2012 Oct 23, Romania's highest
court upheld the conviction of Archbishop Pimen (83) for serving as
an informant sent by the church and the Securitate to spy on fellow
clergy and members of Romania's expatriate community in the United
States in the 1970s.
2012 Nov 1, In Romania
prosecutors interviewed 100 people and raided some 50 homes and
offices in Bucharest, Giurgiu and Calarasi. 33 bankers and
government officials were detained on suspicion of money laundering
and fraud that cost the state €22 million ($28.5 million).
2012 Dec 9, Romanians voted in
a parliamentary election. PM Victor Ponta's coalition won nearly
three-fifths of the seats in the legislature. His battle with
President Traian Basescu threatened to throw the country into a
political standoff no matter the outcome.
(AP, 12/9/12)(AP, 12/10/12)
2012 Dec 20, Authorities
declared a state of emergency in northeastern Bulgaria as heavy snow
and freezing temperatures are causing disruptions in both Bulgaria
2012 Dec 28, In Romania
influential banker Bogdan Baltazar (73) died. He became Romania's
first government spokesman in 1990 after the collapse of communism.
2013 Feb 9, The French and
British governments promised to punish those found responsible for
selling horsemeat in beef products. French consumer safety
authorities said companies from Romania, Cyprus and the Netherlands
were part of a supply chain that resulted in horsemeat being
disguised as beef in frozen lasagna sold around the continent.
(Reuters, 2/9/13)(AP, 2/10/13)
2013 Feb 22, In Romania
gangster Ian Balint was arrested with dozens of others on charges of
attempted murder, kidnapping, blackmail and possession of illegal
(SFC, 2/28/13, p.A2)
2013 Mar 19, Romania's defense
minister said US plans to deploy anti-missile interceptors in his
country are going ahead and that Romania has an "exceptional"
partnership with the United States. US officials have stressed they
will deploy shorter-range missiles to Poland and Romania.
2013 May 27, The Romanian
village of Clinceni unfurled the world’s largest flag. The Romanian
flag measured 1,145 by 744.5 feet.
(SFC, 5/28/13, p.A3)
2013 Jun 14, A new bridge
linking Vidin in Bulgaria with Calafat in Romania opened. It was
just the 2nd on the 500-km stretch of the Danube River that forms
the common border between the Balkan neighbors.
2013 Jun 23, In Montenegro a
bus fell from a bridge over the Moraca river during a rainstorm and
crashed some 40 meters (130 feet) into a ravine. 18 Romanian
tourists were killed and 28 hospitalized.
2013 Jul 12, Romania's
Transport Minister Relu Fenechiu was handed a five year prison
sentence for corruption, becoming the country's first government
minister convicted while in office.
2013 Jul 17, A Romanian museum
official said that ash from the oven of a woman whose son is charged
with stealing 7 multi-million-dollar paintings from Rotterdam’s
Kunsthal Musum (Nov 16, 2012) contains paint, canvas and nails. Olga
Dogaru has claimed to have burned the stolen paintings last February
after police began searching the village of Caracliu, where she
lived. On July 22 Olga Dogaru told a Bucharest court that she did
not burn the paintings in her stove.
(SFC, 7/18/13, p.A2)(AP, 7/22/13)
2013 Jul 19, Romania's Pres.
Traian Basescu said that Romanian authorities have carried out "an
unauthorized operation" abroad to capture Omar Hayssam, a fugitive
Syrian-Romanian businessman convicted of ordering the kidnapping of
three Romanian journalists in Iraq in 2005.
2013 Aug 6, Latvia's government
approved the extradition of Deniss Calovskis (b.1985), a man accused
by the United States of helping create a virus that affected over a
million computers worldwide, including many at NASA, and that
allowed hackers to steal millions of dollars from victims' bank
accounts. US authorities earlier this year accused Calovskis, along
with Romanian citizen Mihai Ionut Paunescu and Russian national
Nikita Kuzmin, of participating in a conspiracy that started in 2005
to create and disseminate the so-called Gozi virus.
2013 Aug 13, In Romania a trial
opened on artwork stolen last october in the Netherlands. Lawyers
for the defendents said the paintings have not been burned and that
the gang responsible would like to cut a deal so the artwork can be
(SFC, 8/14/13, p.A2)
2013 Sep 1, In Romania
thousands of people took to the streets to protest against shale gas
exploration and a controversial Canadian gold mine project using
2013 Sep 3, Romania launched a
criminal inquiry against Alexandru Visinescu (88), a communist jail
commander from the 1960s, who is accused of crimes against humanity.
2013 Aug 8, Nicolae Gheorghe
(b.1946), Romanian Gypsy campaigner for rights of the Roma, died of
(Econ, 8/17/13, p.78)(http://tinyurl.com/pudxsh7)
2013 Sep 10, Romanian lawmakers
voted overwhelmingly for a law allowing stray dogs to be put down
after a four-year-old boy was mauled to death by a pack of strays
2013 Sep 11, In eastern Romania
some 700 houses were flooded after 12 villages were hit by a
six-hour downfall. 8 people died and hundreds were evacuated as
torrential rains caused flash flooding.
2013 Sep 15, Romanian gold
miners, who staged a five-day protest underground against plans to
halt development of the site, ended their sit-in after PM Victor
Ponta went into the pit to meet them. Ponta promised them a
parliamentary commission to assess the proposed mine (before a vote
2013 Sep 21, Thousands of
Romanians formed a human chain around parliament to protest against
a Canadian company's plan to open Europe's largest gold mine in a
picturesque Transylvanian village.
2013 Sep 25, Romania's
constitutional court ruled that a bill allowing stray dogs to be
euthanized is legal, prompting hundreds of dog lovers to block a
main road outside Parliament in protest.
2013 Oct 13, In Romania
thousands marched across the country to protest against a Canadian
company's plans to open a gold mine seen as a threat to the
environment, and called for the government's resignation.
2013 Oct 19, Thousands of
Romanians protested against plans by US energy group Chevron to
explore for shale gas in a poor eastern region and a Canadian
company's project to set up Europe's biggest open cast gold mine in
a Carpathian town.
2013 Oct 27, In Romania
thousands of ethnic Hungarians held rallies in 14 communities of
Transylvania to demand autonomy in the areas where they live.
2013 Nov 11, A Romanian
parliamentary commission rejected a bill that would have premitted
Europe’s largest gold mine to be developed in Rosai Montana by
Canada’s Gabriel Resources.
(SFC, 11/12/13, p.A2)
2013 Nov 12, A company owned by
Canada's Gabriel Resources said it still hopes to start digging for
gold in Romania in 2014, despite a negative vote by a parliamentary
2013 Nov, Chinese officials
signed two agreements to import 500,000 cattle and three million
pigs from Romania over the next few years.
2013 Dec 5, Moldova’s
Constitutional Court ruled that Romanian is now the official
language. The language, basically the same as Romanian, had been
renamed Moldovan under Soviet rule.
(SFC, 12/6/13, p.A2)
2013 Dec 6, Romania's Interior
Ministry said Adrian Procop (21), a Romanian man accused of stealing
seven masterpieces from a Dutch museum, was arrested in Britain
after months on the run. Procop entered the Kunsthal museum at night
in Oct 2012 with a friend, Radu Dogaru, and stole artworks worth 18
million euros ($24 million).
2013 Dec 7, In northeastern
Romania Chevron Oil Co. suspended exploration for shale gas after
hundreds of anti-fracking protesters tore down fences.
(SSFC, 12/8/13, p.A4)
2013 Dec 8, Chevron said it has
resumed activities to build its first shale gas exploration well in
Romania, a day after protests forced the US energy giant to suspend
2013 Dec 18, Romanian media
reported that some 26 police officers and ambulance employees have
been charged with calling undertakers to tell them that someone had
died, or in some cases were not yet dead, in exchange for money.
2013 A change in Romanian
legislation allowed convicts to claim 30 days off their sentences
for every work they publish while in prison.
(Econ, 10/24/15, p.50)
2013 In Romania's a law that
came into effect that made it illegal for lawmakers to employ close
relatives to work in their parliamentary offices.
2014 Jan 1, The European
Commission said Romanians and Bulgarians now have the right to work
in any of the European Union's 28 countries but "no major increase"
in emigration is expected.
2014 Jan 6, Former Romanian
prime minister Adrian Nastase was sentenced to four years in jail
for taking hundreds of thousands of dollars in bribes to appoint a
businesswoman to a senior government post. He was released from
prison in 2013 after serving a third of a previous corruption
(AFP, 1/6/14)(SFC, 1/7/14, p.A2)
2014 Jan 10, Romanian education
authorities fired a teacher Dana Blandu, who was filmed aggressively
demanding money as gifts from students in a case that has made local
headlines. It is customary in Romania to give presents to teachers.
2014 Jan 17, In Romania a
British diplomat (46) plummeted from the highest floor of a hotel in
the northern city of Baia Mare after leaving a farewell note.
2014 Jan 20, In Romania a small
British plane crashed on a mountain. All seven aboard initially
survived but two people died while waiting for medical assistance.
Hypothermia was among the causes of death.
2014 Jan 30, Romania’s National
Center of Cinematography viewed Danish director Lars von Trier's
movie "Nymphomaniac II" for a second time and decided to lift the
ban it had imposed the day before.
2014 Feb 5, A Romanian court
charged and arrested Rudel Obreja, a former chairman of Romania's
Boxing Federation (2004-2012), with influence peddling for allegedly
offering to try to influence a sentencing hearing in return for
2014 Feb 25, The Norwegian
defense group Kongsberg says it has been charged with corruption
relating to its activities in Romania. The charges were linked to
deliveries of communication equipment to Romania from 1999 to 2008.
2014 Feb 26, Ministers from
Romania's Liberals resigned from the government, a day after the
party quit the ruling coalition in a break-up that will trigger a
confidence vote and has changed the dynamics of a presidential
election in November.
2014 Mar 3, Romania's ethnic
Hungarian opposition party UDMR voted to join the leftist government
of PM Victor Ponta, and will be given the environment and culture
2014 Mar 4, A Bucharest court
has handed prison sentences to eight Romanian football officials for
tax evasion and money laundering in connection with the transfer of
2014 Mar 11, Romania's lower
house of parliament overwhelmingly voted to block an investigation
by state prosecutors of former Finance Minister Daniel Chitoiu who
they suspect abused his power to further the interests of a private
insurance company. Romania ranks only behind Greece and Bulgaria in
terms of corruption in the 28-nation EU, according to Transparency
2014 Mar 30, In southeastern
Afghanistan a Romanian serviceman was killed and five troops wounded
by a roadside bomb on the Kabul-Kandahar highway outside Qalat,
Zabul province. Romania has 1,029 troops serving in the NATO mission
in Afghanistan; 23 have been killed.
2014 Apr 9, Radu Mazare, the
mayor of Romania's Black Sea port city of Constanta, was charged
with taking a bribe of 175,000 euros ($241,400) in 2011 in return
for awarding a company the tender to build 900 low-cost apartments
for socially deprived residents. Businessman Avraham Morgenstern was
also charged in the 10 million euro project.
2014 Apr 10, Some 450 US and
Romanian troops and technical staff kicked off joint military
exercises in northwestern Romania, flying US F-16 fighter jets
alongside Romanian ones.
2014 Apr 14, Romanian poet and
translator Nina Cassian (89) died in NYC. She had obtained political
asylum in the US after the Communist-era secret police found her
critical poems scribbled in a friend's diary.
(AP, 4/16/14)(Econ, 5/17/14, p.86)
2014 Apr 21, Romanian
authorities said 3 people have died and 250 were evacuated after
heavy rain and flooding hit over the weekend. Worst affected were
three southern counties that lie along the River Vedea.
2014 Apr 29, Moldova's PM Iurie
Leanca said neighboring Romania will export gas to his country this
year, reducing the former Soviet republic's dependence on Russia for
2014 May 15, A woman and a
firefighter drowned in Serbia and hundreds of people in the Balkans
were evacuated from their homes as rain-swollen rivers flooded
roads, bridges and railways, closed schools and cut off power and
phone service in Bosnia, Serbia, Croatia and Romania.
2014 Jun 6, Romania's
second-richest businessman, Dan Adamescu, was arrested on charges
that he bribed judges to rule in his favor in court cases over
several insolvency cases involving his companies in Dec 2013.
2014 Jun 25, Romania's
Parliament called on President Traian Basescu to resign, saying
suspicions that his brother took a bribe from the family of a
well-known convict have damaged the prestige of his office.
Basescu’s brother was arrested last week on charges that he took a
250,000 euros ($340,000) bribe from the son of convict imprisoned
for attempted murder to get his sentence reduced.
2014 Jul 29, Flooding in
eastern Europe left at least 3 people dead in Bulgaria and
(SFC, 7/30/14, p.A2)
2014 Aug 27, Moldova and
Romania inaugurated a new pipeline that will pump gas from Romania
to Moldova in an attempt to reduce the former Soviet republic's
dependence on Russian energy. However, 43-km (28-mile) pipeline will
provide only five percent of its gas needs.
2014 Sep 3, Romania said it has
given the green light to NATO to base fighters there as the crisis
in neighboring Ukraine deepens.
2014 Sep 16, Romania's energy
minister said Russia was playing games with gas supplies to cause
concerns in EU states, after analysts warned that Moscow could use
the flows to retaliate against sanctions imposed over its role in
2014 Oct 7, In Romania
thousands of workers and health workers protested against low
salaries and endemic underfunding of the health system which have
led to thousands of doctors and nurses seeking work abroad.
2014 Oct 10, The US Navy took
control of a new missile defense base in southern Romania, one of
two European land-based interceptor sites for a NATO missile shield
that Russia strongly opposes.
2014 Nov 2, Romanians voted to
elect a new leader as President Traian Basescu steps down after 10
years. PM Victor Ponta won the first round of the presidential
election with 40.3%. Klaus Iohannis, an ethnic German mayor backed
by two center-right parties took 30.4%. A run-off vote will
take place on Nov 16.
(AP, 11/2/14)(Reuters, 11/3/14)
2014 Nov 8, In Romania some
10,000 people protested, accusing the government of limiting voting
from citizens living abroad in last weekend's presidential polls.
2014 Nov 16, Romanians voted to
choose their next president, with current PM Victor Ponta (42) the
overwhelming favorite to win. Klaus Iohannis won a surprise victory
against the leftist PM Victor Ponta.
(AFP, 11/16/14)(Reuters, 12/21/14)
2014 Nov 21, In central Romania
a helicopter on a training mission crashed, killing 8 military
personnel and injuring two others.
2014 Nov, In northeastern
Romania a woman (18) was gang raped by seven men (18-27) after she
accepted a ride home. The case became a national story after a court
ruled in June that the suspects could remain free pending trial. On
August 17, 2015, the men, aged 18 to 27, were sentenced to between
five years and eight months and eight years and four months in
(AP, 8/14/15)(AP, 8/17/15)
2014 Dec 15, In Romania a
helicopter carrying a medical team crashed in Lake Siutghiol, near
the Black Sea, killing all 4 people onboard.
2014 Dec 16, Romania's PM
Victor Ponta gave up the title of "doctor," more than two years
after he was accused of plagiarism in writing his doctoral thesis.
2014 Dec 21, In Romania center
politician Klaus Iohannis (55) was sworn in as president. He
promised to crack down on corruption and strengthen institutions.
(Reuters, 12/21/14)(SFC, 12/22/14, p.A2)
2014 In Romania the National
Anti-corruption Directorate (DNA) secured convictions this year of
1,138 people, including 24 mayors, 5 members of parliament, two
ex-ministers and former PM Adrian Nastase.
(Econ., 2/21/15, p.52)
2015 Jan 19, Romanian inventor
Justin Capra (81) died. He claimed to have beaten the Americans to
make the world's first jetpack and went on to design and build
dozens of vehicles, calling the modern-day car a disgrace.
2015 Jan 22, Romanian
prosecutors arrested Cristian David, a senator and former minister,
on suspicion of taking a bribe of 500,000 euros ($580,000) in a 2008
land ownership case. In a separate case Constitutional Court judge
Toni Grebla was indicted on suspicion of trying to violate Russia's
embargo on the EU by exporting food there via Turkey.
2015 Jan 27, Romania’s High
Court of Cassation and Justice handed Former Economy Minister Codrut
Seres a sentence of four years and eight months for treason and
transmitting state secrets; and Zsolt Nagy, former communications
minister, a four-year sentence for being part of a criminal group.
2015 Jan 27, Romania’s chief of
Intelligence Service, George Maior, resigned after criticizing the
country's top court for rejecting security laws which allowed the
government to collect data on people without court approval.
2015 Jan 30, NATO said it will
deploy small units in six Eastern European nations to help
coordinate a spearhead force set up in response to Russia's actions
in Ukraine. The units in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland,
Bulgaria and Romania will be the first of their kind there.
2015 Feb, In Romania former
tourism minister Elena Udrea was indicted on two counts of influence
peddling and one count of money laundering.
2015 Mar 4, Romania began
transporting natural gas to Moldova, as the former Soviet republic
moves toward the European Union and becomes less dependent on
2015 Mar 14, In Romania
Bucharest district mayor Marian Vanghelie, an influential figure in
the ruling Social Democracy Party until recently, was arrested and
charged with taking a 20 percent cut of contracts worth 2 billion
lei ( 450 million euros or $475 million ) from 2007 until 2015.
2015 Mar 16, Romanian
prosecutors questioned and detained Horia Georgescu on suspicion
that in 2008-2009 he overvalued property being restituted to former
owners who lost it when the communists nationalized real estate. He
denied wrongdoing. Georgescu stepped down as head of the National
Integrity Agency the next day.
(AP, 3/16/15)(AP, 3/17/15)
2015 Apr 4, Romania said it
will expel seven foreign nationals accused of recruiting members for
the Islamic State group and Al-Qaeda and propagating their ideas in
the eastern European country.
2015 Apr 7, Romania's PM Victor
Ponta announced that the sales tax on food and non-alcoholic drinks
will be slashed by more than half this summer in an effort to
generate jobs and help the poor.
2015 Apr 24, Romanian
prosecutors detained 14 people suspected of belonging to a network
of well-dressed robbers who were trained to rob luxury items in
Romania and the European Union.
2015 Apr 24, A Romanian court
sentenced Stan Mustata, a senior judge, to 10 years and eight months
in prison for demanding money from defendants in exchange for
2015 Apr 27, Former Romanian
president Ion Iliescu (2000-2004) acknowledged approving the CIA's
request for a site in Romania in 2002-2003, but said he would have
refused had he known how it would be used.
2015 May 7, Romania’s PM Victor
Ponta said the European Union has suspended 1 billion euros ($1.13
billion) in funding for Romanian projects because of allegations of
corruption and irregularities.
2015 Jun 1, Romania slashed its
sales tax on food and non-alcoholic drinks in a move the government
hopes will generate jobs, boost consumer spending and help the poor.
2015 Jun 3, A Romanian court
handed Mihai Necolaiciuc, the former general manager of the state
railway company (2000-2004), a 10-year prison sentence for his role
in defrauding the company of 56.7 million euros (63 million). Two
former railway managers were handed eight-year sentences in the same
case. Necolaiciuc was arrested in the United States in 2009.
2015 Jun 5, Romania’s PM Victor
Ponta refused to step down after being hit by corruption
allegations, the highest sitting Romanian leader targeted in a
long-running anti-graft campaign in one of the EU's poorest nations.
2015 Jun 9, Romania's
parliament voted 231-120 to keep the immunity of PM Victor Ponta,
who is a suspect in a corruption probe.
2015 Jun 18, Romania’s High
Court of Justice and Cassation sentenced Mihail Vlasov, chairman of
the Chamber of Commerce and Industry from 2007 to 2014, to five
years in prison for influence peddling and taking bribes.
2015 Jun 19, In Romania a court
ruled that seven suspected rapists should be put under judicial
control, meaning they have to report to police but are free. They
were suspected of raping an 18-year-old woman last November. On July
24 a court in Vaslui County said that magistrates who freed the
suspects from house arrest are being investigated for gross
2015 Jun 23, US Defense
Secretary Ash Carter announced that the United States will
pre-position tanks, artillery and other military equipment in
eastern and central Europe, moving to reassure NATO allies unnerved
by Russian involvement in Ukraine. Carter, during a trip to Tallinn,
said the Baltic states - Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia -- as well as
Bulgaria, Romania and Poland agreed to host elements of this heavy
2015 Jun 24, Romanian lawmaker
Sebastian Ghita, an aide to PM Victor Ponta, was charged with
influence peddling, tax evasion and money laundering worth millions
of euros, being involved in the misuse of European Union funds and
of cheating the elections.
2015 Jul 13, Romania’s National
Anti-Corruption Directorate (DNA) indicted PM Victor Ponta as part
of a wide-ranging corruption investigation and seized his assets,
increasing pressure on him to resign.
(AP, 7/13/15)(Econ, 2/11/17, p.39)
2015 Jul 17, Romania's
President Klaus Iohannis refused to pass into law a series of tax
cuts backed by the center-left governing coalition saying they could
lead to "domestic and external risks," including unsustainable
economic growth. Iohannis said Romania needed higher revenues in
order to hike spending in defense to 2 percent in 2017 in line with
2015 Jul 22, Romania's Pres.
Klaus Iohannis signed into law legislation that punishes Holocaust
denial and the promotion of the fascist Legionnaires' Movement with
prison sentences of up to three years.
2015 Jul 23, Romanian police
detained Gabriel Berca, a former interior minister (2012), on
charges of illegally receiving 185,000 euros ($203,000) from a
2015 Jul 24, A Romanian court
sentenced Alexandru Visinescu (1925-2018), a Stalinist-era political
prison commander, to 20 years in jail for murder, the first such
ruling against a prison head since the collapse of the dictatorship
of Nicolae Ceausescu in 1989. Visinescu commanded the jail on the
outskirts of the small town of Ramnicu Sarat between 1956 and 1963.
(Reuters, 7/24/15)(AP, 11/5/18)
2015 Jul 28, Romania’s the
anti-corruption agency said that 61 homes and offices were searched
in Bucharest and in the northwest Transylvania region for evidence
that drug companies offered doctors vacations and other incentives
in exchange for prescribing cancer drugs.
2015 Aug 13, Romanian education
authorities were reported investigating some 400 cases in which
students are suspected of getting into high schools without having
the necessary grades.
2015 Aug 13, Sergio Morate
(29), wanted by Spain for murdering his girlfriend and another
woman, was detained in the western city of Lugoj, Romania. A
Romanian court ruled the next day that he can be extradited to his
home country to face charges.
2015 Aug 26, Romania's PM
Victor Ponta hiked doctors' and nurses' wages, among the lowest in
Europe, by 25 percent after medics threatened to strike following a
court ruling that they could no longer accept informal payments and
2015 Aug 27, Romania's PM
Victor Ponta gave Moldova 100 million euros ($117 million) in
financial aid in a gesture of support for the former Soviet
republic's EU membership bid, as Moldova marked its 24th anniversary
of independence. Ponta called for a Romanian gas pipeline to be
extended to Chisinau, the Moldovan capital.
2015 Sep 6, Romanian
anti-corruption prosecutors detained Bucharest Mayor Sorin Oprescu
on suspicion that he took bribes of 25,000 euros ($28,000) from
firms working for city hall.
2015 Sep 11, A Romanian
government agency said it has discovered undeclared bank accounts
holding 780,000 euros ($880,000) in the name of Radu Mazare, former
mayor of Constanta, being investigated for bribery.
2015 Sep 15, In Romania city
officials suspended Bucharest Mayor Sorin Oprescu (63), who is under
arrest on suspicion of taking bribes worth 25,000 euros ($28,000)
from companies working for the city hall.
2015 Sep 17, Romanian
prosecutors formally indicted Prime Minister Victor Ponta (42) on
corruption charges, including tax evasion and money-laundering, and
said he will be tried by the country's top court.
2015 Sep 28, Romania’s
anti-corruption prosecutors' office said that parliamentary Deputy
Speaker Dan Motreanu and former presidential adviser George Scutaru
have been indicted and will be tried by the High Court of Cassation
and Justice on money laundering charges.
2015 Oct 17, In Romania three
journalists were detained on suspicion of extorting money from
public figures in exchange for not writing negative articles about
2015 Oct 20, In Romania
policeman Bogdan Gigina died after driving his motorbike into a hole
while easing a route in Bucharest for Interior Minister Gabriel
2015 Oct 25, Romania's
President Klaus Iohannis demanded that the prime minister and
interior minister address public anger over the on-duty death of a
police motorcyclist on Oct 20. Hundreds of protesters took to the
streets of Bucharest calling for the resignation of Interior
Minister Gabriel Oprea.
2015 Oct 31, In Romania an
overnight fire in a Bucharest nightclub killed at least 27 people
and injured 184 during a rock concert that featured fireworks used
indoors. 146 people remained in hospital from the Colectiv Club
fire. By Mar 14, 2016, the death toll rose to 64 as another victim
died from their burns. A suicide victim more than 18 months later
raised the death toll to 65. In 2021 the Romanian movie
“Collective," nominated for two Oscars, follows a team of
investigative journalists searching for the truth in the wake of the
(Reuters, 10/31/15)(Reuters, 11/3/15)(AP,
2015 Nov 2, Romanian
prosecutors opened a criminal manslaughter investigation against the
three owners of the Bucharest nightclub.
(Reuters, 11/2/15)(AP, 11/3/15)
2015 Nov 4, Romanian PM Victor
Ponta announced the resignation of his government following huge
protests in the wake of a nightclub fire that killed more than 30
people. The outgoing government approved an emergency ordinance to
raise wages for staff in the state education sector by 15 percent
(AP, 11/4/15)(Reuters, 11/4/15)
2015 Nov 10, In Romania former
EU agriculture commissioner Dacian Ciolos was appointed as the new
prime minister, following the resignation last week of Victor Ponta
after mass anti-government protests sparked by a deadly nightclub
2015 Nov 15, In Romania 3
handball players from the CSU Targoviste men's team died and 11 were
injured when the bus they were traveling in was hit by a truck.
2015 Nov 25, Romania's
Parliament approved a law that restricts what banks can reclaim from
people who default on their mortgage payments. Lawmakers passed a
law allowing banks to seize the property the loan was taken for, but
not to seize other assets or claim further payment.
2015 Dec 11, Romanian
prosecutors detained Prince Paul in a case of alleged real estate
fraud involving a top aide to a former prime minister and a
newspaper editor. Prosecutors also ordered businessman Remus Truica,
the former head of Cabinet of ex-Premier Adrian Nastase, be put
under house arrest.
2015 Dec 14, Romanian lawmakers
voted to ban all advertising of prescription drugs and radio and
television advertising of over-the-counter medicines in a bid to
stop what they say is harmful self-diagnosis.
2015 Dec 15, In Romania
thousands of angry shepherds engaged in a tense standoff with riot
police outside the parliament building in protest at a law that
restricts the number of sheepdogs they can use and bans them from
grazing sheep during the winter. The law was introduced by
supporters of hunting, a popular pastime among Romania's elite.
2015 Dec 15, Romanian lawmakers
approved a ban on smoking in public places, one of the last
countries in the European Union to do so.
2015 Dec 18, NATO and US
officials certified an anti-missile defense site in southern Romania
that is scheduled to become operational next year.
2016 Jan 26, Romania offered
Moldova emergency economic aid and a loan of 60 million euros ($65
million) in hopes of preventing economic collapse and keeping the
impoverished ex-Soviet republic on a pro-European course.
2016 Feb 9, A sweep involving
teams of sniffer dogs and a helicopter was conducted simultaneously
in Paris and Craiova, in southern Romania. The joint operation by
Romania and France against pickpockets targeting visitors to
Disneyland Paris and other French tourist sites nabbed the
ringleaders. The probe began last March after local police noted a
spike in pickpocketing by Romanians and ethnic Roma outside
Disneyland and on the train that links Paris to the amusement park.
2016 Feb 17, Romania's Pres.
Klaus Iohannis urged Moldova to reform its justice and banking
systems so the government can get a $65 million loan that Moldova
needs to prevent an economic collapse.
2016 Feb 24, Romanian officials
said about 40 coal miners are continuing an underground protest in
western Romania over fears of job losses and mine closures.
2016 Mar 4, It was reported
that Romania's top court has approved a request by US authorities to
extradite a convicted hacker for prosecution. Marcel Lazar Lehel,
known by aliases including "Guccifer" and "Small Fume", had broken
into the emails of former US President George W. Bush's family,
entertainment figures and the head of the Romanian secret service.
2016 Mar 11, Romania’s PM
Dacian Ciolos said citizens now have full access to the revenue and
spending data of state institutions in move which could help fight
2016 Mar 12, Romania opened the
official residence of the Ceausescu family to 300 people for free,
26 years since the hated pair were overthrown. Visitors will begin
to tour the one-storied palace starting March 19 for tickets costing
15 lei to 30 lei ($3.70-$7.40).
2016 Mar 27, Thousands of
Moldovans marched through their capital calling for reunification
with Romania, restoring a union which lasted from 1918 to 1940.
2016 Mar 30, In Romania Ioan
Ficior (88), head of the Periprava camp in southeast Romania between
1958 and 1963, was sentenced to 20 years in prison for crimes
against humanity. At least 103 prisoners died at the camp,
considered one of the country's worst, while he was in command.
2016 Apr 7, In Romania a
businessman and five others suspected of defrauding a spa that dates
from the Roman empire of 30 million euros (about $34 million) were
detained. Iosif Armas, chairman of a company that manages the
Herculaneum Spa, and other shareholders were suspected of illegally
selling assets and taking out loans in the spa's name that could not
2016 Apr 22, The European
Broadcasting Union said Romania has been barred from this year's
Eurovision Song Contest for failing to pay millions in debts to the
2016 May 6, Romania's Pres.
Klaus Iohannis approved a 150 million euro ($171 million) loan to
neighboring Moldova needed to pay state sector salaries and
2016 May 12, The United States
switched on an $800 million missile shield in Romania that it sees
as vital to defend itself and Europe from so-called rogue states but
the Kremlin says is aimed at blunting its own nuclear arsenal.
2016 May 22, In Romania Dan
Condrea, the head of Hexi Pharma, was killed as his car slammed into
a tree. Condrea was due to be questioned May 23 and would have been
charged with aggravated fraud. His company was indicted this month
on charges that disinfectants it provided to hospitals and Romania's
troops in Afghanistan were highly diluted and ineffective.
2016 May 27, Romania's
President Klaus Iohannis said his government has ordered an action
plan for the country's beleaguered health service following public
outrage over the use of diluted disinfectants in Romanian hospitals.
2016 May 27, Romania's top
appeals court upheld an earlier decision and sentenced Dan Adamescu,
one of Romania's richest businessmen, to four years and four months
in prison for bribing judges to rule in his favor in court cases.
2016 Jun 1, Police in Romania
detained 26 people, including a number of border police officers, on
charges of smuggling cigarettes and fake Rolex watches and helping
migrants illegally enter from Serbia.
2016 Jun 1, Thousands of
Romanian teachers demonstrated to demand higher salaries, rallying
outside the government's main offices in Bucharest then marching
through the capital.
2016 Jun 2, A Romanian medical
helicopter crashed in southern Moldova, killing all four people on
2016 Jun 5, Romanians began
voting for local officials in administrations that are plagued with
corruption. According to Romania's anti-corruption prosecutors'
office, more than 100 mayors, deputy mayors, county council
presidents and vice presidents were indicted for corruption in 2015.
2016 Jun 17, In central Romania
4 people were killed when a bus carrying children and teachers
traveling to a folklore festival overturned near the village of
2016 Jun 22, Romania's
parliament said lawmakers can't be prosecuted for hiring close
relatives to work in their offices before it became illegal to do
so. A law that came into effect in 2013, made it illegal for
lawmakers to employ close relatives to work in their parliamentary
2016 Jun 23, A Romanian court
sentenced Dumitru Dragomir, the former chairman of the Romanian
Professional Football League, to seven years in prison for tax
evasion, embezzlement, and money laundering.
2016 Jun 29, A rights lawyer at
the European Court of Human Rights said Romania was paid millions of
dollars by the CIA to host secret prisons from 2003-2005.
(SFC, 6/30/16, p.A2)
2016 Jul 1, In Romania
organized crime prosecutors said they have found more than 2.3 tons
of cocaine stashed away in banana crates on ships with a street
value of 625 million euros ($694 million). A Bucharest court ruled
that the Moroccan suspected leader of the smuggling ring, as well as
four Lithuanians and a Colombian, be arrested for 30 days.
2016 Jul 6, Romania's
Constitutional Court ruled that mayors who are handed suspended
prison sentences for corruption must resign.
2016 Jul 11, Romania's
President Klaus Iohannis signed into law legislation obliging
supermarkets to sell at least 51% locally-produced meat, fruit, eggs
2016 Jul 13, In central Romania
anti-mafia police broke up a human trafficking gang which forced
dozens of kidnapped victims including children into beggary and
slavery, rescuing five people in the town of Berevoesti. 38 members
of an extended Roma family in the village of Gamacesti were formally
(Reuters, 7/13/16)(AP, 7/14/16)
2016 Jul 19, Romania's PM
Dacian Ciolos launched a national anti-corruption strategy in a bid
to crack down on widespread corruption that plagues every walk of
2016 Jul 20, Romania's
Constitutional Court ruled that a request from an anti-gay group to
change the constitution to state that marriage is a union between a
man and a woman is constitutional. Any change would need to be
approved by two-thirds of lawmakers.
2016 Jul 22, Romania's Court of
Appeal has upheld prison sentences for eight people for money
laundering and embezzlement worth 83.5 million euros ($92 million).
Sorin Ovidiu Vantu was sentenced to six years and two months in
prison. Trade union leader Liviu Luca was sentenced to six years in
prison for misusing the funds of Petromservice, a petroleum-facility
maintenance company. The court also confirmed sentences for six
other former company employees to prison terms.
2016 Jul 27, Romania’s National
Council for Attesting Titles, Diplomas and University Certificates
voted 37-10 to strip former PM Victor Ponta of his doctorate after a
council upheld a verdict that he plagiarized his thesis.
2016 Nov 7, Romania's
parliament approved double-digit public sector wage increases. The
next day PM Dacian Ciolos said his government would challenge the
increases because they are against the law.
2016 Nov 14, The Int’l.
Criminal Court's chief prosecutor said in a report that US forces in
Afghanistan may have committed the war crime of torture when
interrogating detainees, opening the possibility of Americans being
prosecuted even though their country is not a member of the court.
The report added that CIA operatives may have subjected at least 27
detainees in Afghanistan, Poland, Romania and Lithuania to "torture,
cruel treatment, outrages upon personal dignity and/or rape" between
December 2002 and March 2008.
2016 Nov 24, German defense
company Rheinmetall and Romania's Uzina Automecanica Moreni launched
a joint venture to produce eight-wheeled armored military vehicles
2016 Dec 11, Romanians voted in
parliamentary elections that are forecast to see the
corruption-tainted left stage a remarkable comeback, a year after a
deadly nightclub fire forced them from office. Romania's leftist
Social Democrat Party (PSD) won 46% of the vote and the most seats
in both houses of parliament for a combined 221 deputies and
(AFP, 12/11/16)(AP, 12/12/16)(Reuters,
12/15/16)(Econ, 12/17/16, p.46)
2016 Dec 13, Romania's Pres.
Klaus Iohannis reiterated his refusal to appoint a prime minister
with legal problems, in an apparent swipe at convicted Social
Democrat leader Liviu Dragnea whose party scored a resounding
election win on the weekend. Dragnea is serving a suspended jail
sentence for electoral fraud, which in theory under Romanian law
bars him from office.
2016 Dec 14, US and Polish
defense officials said the United States has decided to accelerate
the deployment of troops to Poland, the Baltic states and Romania as
part of raising the security of the region.
2016 Dec 27, Romania's
president sparked fresh political turmoil after blocking a proposal
by the leftist Social Democrats (PSD) party that won elections this
month to appoint Sevil Shhaideh (52), as the EU country's first
female and first Muslim prime minister.
2016 Dec 30, Romania's Pres.
Klaus Iohannis named social-democrat Sorin Grindeanu (43) as the
nation's new prime minister, bringing to a close weeks of
uncertainty since the left won a parliamentary vote on December 11.
2017 Jan 3, In Romania Sevil
Shhaideh, poised to become the country's first female and Muslim
prime minister, was offered a job as deputy premier after the
country's president declined to nominate her for the top government
2017 Jan 3, Moldova's new Pres.
Igor Dodon stripped the ex-president of Romania of his
recently-acquired Moldovan citizenship, saying he obtained it
illegally. Traian Basescu and his wife Maria were awarded
citizenship of the troubled ex-Soviet republic, formerly part of
Romania. Dodon favors closer relations with Russia, while Basescu
has called for the reunification of Romania and Moldova.
2017 Jan 4, Romania's
Parliament approved a left-leaning government led by Sorin
Grindeanu, who vowed to stop thousands of Romanians emigrating,
build highways and encourage the consumption of local produce.
2017 Jan 6, In Bulgaria
snowstorms paralyzed traffic and cut electricity to hundreds of
thousands of people. In Romania atomic energy producer
Nuclearelectrica was forced to shut down its No. 1 reactor.
2017 Jan 10, Romania announced
six more deaths in recent days as temperatures plunged across
2017 Jan 12, In Romania two
tigers were among a number of animals that died when a fire broke
out at an animal shelter which houses animals retired from the
2017 Jan 17, Senior Romanian
intelligence official Florin Coldea announced his retirement after a
businessman indicted on wide-ranging corruption charges claimed he
had a close relationship with the officer.
2017 Jan 22, In Romania
thousands marched through Bucharest and other cities to protest a
government proposal to pardon thousands of prisoners which critics
say could reverse the anti-corruption fight.
2017 Jan 25, The EU's executive
arm said Bulgaria and Romania must do more to meet European Union
standards on crime, corruption and judicial reform.
2017 Jan 26, Romania’s High
Court of Cassation and Justice gave Alina Bica, the former chief
prosecutor for the agency that investigates organized crime and
terrorism, a 3 ½-year sentence for aiding a wrongdoer. The former
head of the tax authority, Serban Pop, received five years for
influence trafficking. Businessman Horia Simu received a 4-year term
for buying influence.
2017 Jan 29, In Romania
thousands of people marched through Bucharest and other cities to
protest a government proposal to pardon thousands of prisoners.
2017 Jan 31, Romania’s
government passed an emergency decree that in effect decriminalized
official misconduct resulting in financial damage of less than
$200,000. Within an hour more than 10,000 protesters were on the
streets. The decree was rescinded on Feb 5.
(Econ, 2/11/17, p.39)
2017 Feb 1, Romania’s top
judicial watchdog announced a court challenge on to a government
decree decriminalizing some graft offences in what critics say is
the biggest retreat on reforms since the country joined the European
Union a decade ago.
2017 Feb 2, Romania's PM Sorin
Grindeanu insisted that the government will press ahead with decrees
decriminalizing certain corruption offences, defying the country's
biggest protests since the end of communism.
2017 Feb 4, The leaders of
Romania's coalition government suggested it could back down on its
emergency decree to decriminalize official misconduct as thousands
of citizens took to the streets in protest for the fifth consecutive
2017 Feb 5, Romania's
government repealed an emergency decree that decriminalizes some
official misconduct following massive demonstrations and
condemnation from abroad. Protests still raged on for a sixth
(AP, 2/5/17)(AFP, 2/5/17)
2017 Feb 7, Romania's President
Klaus Iohannis told lawmakers the country is in a "fully-fledged"
political crisis, after hundreds of thousands demonstrated against a
government measure that would weaken the country's anti-corruption
2017 Feb 8, Romania's defiant
PM Sorin Grindeanu easily survived a no-confidence vote even as his
government continued to face nationwide protests over its efforts to
weaken anti-corruption laws.
2017 Feb 13, Romania's
Parliament agreed to hold a referendum on public support for
fighting official corruption.
2017 Feb 21, Romanian MPs voted
to definitively shelve a controversial decree that had sought to
water down anti-corruption legislation but ended up unleashing the
nation's biggest protests in a quarter-century.
2017 Feb 25, In southern
Romania thousands of people turned out for a pro-government rally in
the town of Targoviste, hoping to boost the popularity of the
center-left government following massive anti-corruption protests.
2017 Mar 10, Romania's health
minister said thousands of people have caught measles in an ongoing
outbreak in the country, which has claimed 17 lives. Around 3,400
people had contracted the disease since the outbreak began in
2017 Mar 15, Romanian
authorities extradited Chilean fugitive Rafael Garay. He was accused
of embezzling almost a billion dollars.
2017 Mar 16, In Romania some
1,000 police officers protested in Bucharest to demand higher
salaries, saying tens of thousands of officers are earning the
minimum wage or less.
2017 Mar 22, Romanian rail
workers staged a walk-out after unions and management failed to
agree about wage hikes. More than 150 trains were affected by the
2017 Mar 28, Romania’s former
tourism minister Elena Udrea was handed a six-year sentence for
bribery and abuse of office connected to a boxing gala that she
organized in 2011. Former chairman of Romania's Boxing Federation
Rudel Obreja received a five-year sentence for tax evasion. Udrea's
assistant received three years for complicity to bribery.
2017 Apr 14, Serbian police
took Sebastian Ghita, a fugitive Romanian businessman and former
lawmaker indicted on wide-ranging corruption charges, into custody
overnight in Belgrade.
2017 Apr 20, NATO member
Romania said it plans to buy Patriot missiles from US company
Raytheon to help protect its airspace.
2017 Apr 22, In western Romania
two teenagers died in an avalanche after the country was hit by a
blast of wintry weather.
2017 Apr 26, In Romania
hundreds of taxi and bus drivers protested outside government
offices in Bucharest to demand that Uber and other online ride
services be outlawed.
2017 May 5, Romanian Kitsch
Museum opened in Bucharest. It showcasing national kitsch items,
ranging from a life-size Dracula to communist-era glass fish.
2017 May 10, Switzerland's
government said it will temporarily limit the number of workers from
European Union member states Bulgaria and Romania who can access
Swiss jobs, after an influx from the countries in recent months.
2017 May 13, Romanian carmaker
Dacia, owned by France's Renault, said some of its production had
been hit by yesterday’s global ransomware cyber-attack that has
infected computers in nearly 100 countries. Renault stopped
production at several sites.
2017 May 15, In Romania some
20,000 finance workers from the public sector went on strike to
protest a move to cut their salaries.
2017 May 19, Romania's
parliament approved legislation allowing direct financial support to
Holocaust survivors in the former Nazi ally state during World War
Two. The law will set a monthly payment of up to 400 lei ($97.98)
per month for each year of deportation or detention and will be
enforced from July 1.
2017 May 30, Romanian air
traffic controllers staged a four-hour strike to demand better
working conditions, leading to some cancellations and delays. The
strike ended after officials struck an agreement with trade unions.
2017 Jun 1, Thousands of troops
from NATO and its partner nations began training on land and sea in
Poland and Romania, in two major exercises that aim to demonstrate
their cooperation and rapid response capabilities at a time when the
region feels threatened by Russia.
2017 Jun 12, The prime
ministers of Croatia and Romania signed agreements to boost trade
and protect classified information as Romanian Premier Sorin
Grindeanu made a one-day visit to his Croatian counterpart, Andrej
2017 Jun 17, Romanian border
police detained 32 Iraqis hidden in a truck transporting furniture
who told authorities they were trying to reach Italy, a country in
Europe's visa-free Schengen travel zone.
2017 Jun 21, Romania's PM Sorin
Grindeanu and his government were ousted in a no-confidence vote
submitted by members of his own party. The governing Social
Democratic Party (PSD) filed the motion to Grindeanu, saying that he
had failed to implement the party's political agenda.
(AP, 6/21/17)(Econ 6/24/17, p.47)
2017 Jun 26, Romania's leftist
Social Democratic Party nominated Mihai Tudose (50), a former
economy minister, to be the next prime minister.
2017 Jun 28, In Romania Liviu
Dragnea, chairman of the ruling Social Democratic Party, named a new
leftist government. His ally, PM-designate Mihai Tudose, will keep
many of the ministers in outgoing Premier Sorin Grindeanu's Cabinet,
despite being criticized for alleged underperformance.
2017 Jun 29, Romania's
Parliament approved a new leftist government (275-102) after
dismissing the last one in a no-confidence vote amid political
infighting in the ruling party.
2017 Jul 12, Romanian supreme
court prosecutors closed a case against former PM Victor Ponta,
saying the charges of suspected money-laundering and being an
accessory to tax evasion did not stand up.
2017 Jul 18, A Romanian court
in Bucharest ruled that Dan Voiculescu (70), ex-owner of Antena TV,
could be released after serving over one-third of his 2014 sentence.
The media mogul was serving a 10-year sentence for money laundering
and fraudulently privatizing an agricultural institute.
2017 Jul 25, In Hungary two
Romanian women and a man were killed when a minibus crashed into the
back of a truck that had stopped on the shoulder on a highway while
traveling to Romania.
2017 Jul 26, Romania's defense
minister confirmed that the country intends to buy Patriot missiles
worth $3.9 billion dollars from the United States.
2017 Jul 28, Romania's Orthodox
Church said it has voted to defrock Cristian Pomohaci, a priest who
is suspected of trying to sexually corrupt a 17-year-old boy.
2017 Aug 1, Romania's top
defense body approved a 9.8 billion-euro ($11.3 billion) spending
plan for the next decade and pledged to spend 2 percent of its GDP
on defense as NATO requests of its members.
2017 Aug 3, Romanian police
listed Gabriel Popoviciu (58) as a wanted person after they were
unable to locate him following sentencing a day earlier. He was not
barred from leaving Romania during his trial. Prosecutors said he
had obtained land in north Bucharest from a state university from
2000 to 2004 at a vastly undervalued price where he built the
capital's best-known mall.
2017 Aug 4, Romania's Social
Democrat-led government said it would cap special pensions for the
military and secret services to keep spending in check.
2017 Aug 10, Temperatures in
Serbia, Romania, Hungary and Croatia were expected to reach 39
degrees Celsius (102 Fahrenheit) again today following a few days of
less oppressive heat. Evidence continued to up that this year's hot
summer in central and southeastern Europe has decimated crops,
drained rivers and hurt the animal world.
2017 Aug 12, In Romania Tudor
Postelnicu (86), head of the Securitate secret police from 1978 to
1987, died. He suppressed dissent and was a top aide of former
Communist leader Nicolae Ceausescu.
2017 Aug 17, The Holy Synod of
Romania's Orthodox Church met to discuss what action to take against
a bishop who was seen on video engaging in sexual acts with a male
student. The Bishop of Husi, Corneliu Barladeanu (51) was currently
suspended and claimed the 18-minute film is doctored.
2017 Aug 18, In Romania
Corneliu Barladeanu (51), the Bishop of Husi, stepped down at the
end of a two-day Holy Synod where a sex scandal was discussed for
the first time in its 92-year history. Barladeanu was seen on video
engaging in sexual acts with a male student, but maintained his
2017 Aug 22, In Romania about
200 disabled people, some in wheelchairs, others with crutches,
protested outside the labor ministry against a measure they say
could leave them jobless. A government emergency decree, effective
September 1, means companies with more than 50 employees no longer
have to hire a certain number of disabled people or use a department
that hires special-needs personnel.
2017 Aug 29, The foreign
ministers of Romania and Egypt met in Bucharest to discuss ways to
manage the flow of migrants, fighting terrorism and resolving
conflicts in Syria and Libya. Romania and Egypt signed three
agreements to enhance cooperation.
2017 Sep 5, Romania's finance
ministry issued a statement saying there were funds to pay employees
at all the country's ministries. The defense minister resigned after
suggesting there are insufficient funds to pay the salaries of
service members and defense ministry employees.
2017 Sep 14, In Romania a car
carrying a group of British volunteers slammed into a tree early
today, killing one person and injuring three others.
2017 Sep 15, In southern
Afghanistan a car carrying explosives rammed into a convoy of
international troops killing Romanian Cpl. Madalin Stoica (41) and
wounding two others in Kandahar province.
2017 Sep 17, In Romania more
than 200 towns and villages were affected by a storm that overturned
vehicles, downed power lines and left eight people dead.
2017 Sep 30, In Romania Iulian
Vlad (86), the general who led the feared communist-era Securitate
secret police, died. In 1990, he was sentenced to 25 years in prison
for his role in repressing a 1989 revolt, but was released after
2017 Sep, Romania moved to kill
or relocate 140 bears and 97 wolves after attacks on humans. The
World Wildlife Fund denounced the measure and blamed the attacks on
(SSFC, 9/10/17 p.C14)
2017 Oct 4, Thousands of
Romanians protested against planned hikes in social security
contributions that critics say will wipe out generous salary hikes
for public sector workers.
2017 Oct 13, Romania’s foreign
minister said Ukraine has pledged not to close Romanian language
schools under a new education law that has caused alarm in Romania,
Russia and Hungary.
2017 Oct 21, In Romania several
hundred people rallied in Bucharest to urge that civil partnerships
be legally recognized so that unmarried cohabitants can enjoy
2017 Nov 2, Romania's President
Klaus Iohannis accused the leftist government of PM Mihai Tudose of
mishandling the economy, slamming it for overspending and failing to
2017 Nov 7, In Romania some
5,000 employees at a Dacia automobile factory in Mioveni protested
an unpopular government plan to make employees pay social welfare
taxes currently paid by employers, saying it will lead to salary
2017 Nov 8, Romania's leftist
government approved an unpopular measure that means workers will pay
social welfare taxes currently paid by employers.
2017 Nov 9, Three generations
of Romania's royal family were embroiled in a very public row as
disinherited prince Nicholas Medforth-Mills’ attempts to see his
ailing grandfather, former King Michael, led his own mother to
2017 Nov 13, Romanian
anti-corruption prosecutors opened an investigation into the leader
of the ruling Social Democrat Party, Liviu Dragnea, on suspicion of
forming a "criminal group" to siphon off cash from state projects,
some of them EU-funded.
2017 Nov 20, Romania's defense
minister says the country will purchase Patriot missiles worth $3.9
billion from the United States in the first half of 2019.
2017 Dec 1, In Romania
thousands of troops staged a military parade to celebrate national
day. Coalition leaders Liviu Dragnea and Calin Popescu Tariceanu,
subjects of corruption-related prosecutions, didn't show up to the
military parade and an air show, which drew a crowd of thousands.
2017 Dec 2, Romanian protesters
briefly clashed with riot police when they stopped construction
workers from building a Christmas fair at the site of
anti-corruption demonstrations in Bucharest.
2017 Dec 5, Former Romanian
King Michael I (96), who was forced to abdicate by the communists in
the aftermath of World War II, died in his residence in Aubonne,
2017 Dec 18, Hundreds of
Romanian judges and prosecutors protested around the country over
planned modifications to the legal system they say will hamper
2017 Dec 19, In Romania dozens
of judges and prosecutors staged another protest against lawmakers
who are currently passing laws that they say will stymie the legal
system. Romanian lawmakers voted to enact judicial changes that
critics say will undermine graft investigations by weakening the
(AP, 12/19/17)(Reuters, 12/19/17)
2017 Dec 21, Romania's upper
house approved judicial reforms that have sparked street protests
and concerns abroad about the EU country's commitment to tackling
corruption. Center-right Pres. Klaus Iohannis now has to sign the
legislation into law.
2017 Romania's anti-corruption
agency investigated a record number of 3,800 cases this year,
despite "unprecedented attacks" by political authorities.
2018 Jan 15, Romania’s Premier
Mihai Tudose, who took office in June 2017, quit late today after
the left-wing Social Democratic Party withdrew its support for him
amid a power struggle with powerful party chairman Liviu Dragnea.
2018 Jan 16, Romania's Pres.
Klaus Iohannis appointed Defense Minister Mihai Fifor as interim
prime minister after Premier Mihai Tudose unexpectedly resigned.
Romania's ruling Social Democrat party (PSD) chose to nominate
European MP Viorica Dancila (54) as the new PM in a unanimous vote.
Japan's PM Shinzo Abe arrived in Romania at the end a six-country
European tour and met for talks with Pres. Klaus Iohannis.
(AP, 1/16/18)(Reuters, 1/16/18)
2018 Jan 18, The Council of
Europe's anti-corruption body called on Romania to do more to
prevent and combat high-level corruption.
2018 Jan 25, Neagu Djuvara
(101), Romania's best-known historian, died in Bucharest. He had
spent decades in exile before returning home when communism ended.
His books included "From Vlad the Impaler to Dracula the Vampire".
2018 Jan 26, Romanian
PM-designate Viorica Dancila presented her government lineup of 27
ministers and announced the creation of a new ministry to handle
European Union funds and nominated as its head lawmaker Rovana
Plumb, whom anti-corruption prosecutors have tried to investigate.
(AP, 1/26/18)(Reuters, 1/26/18)
2018 Jan 29, Romania's
parliament confirmed Viorica Dancila as its first female prime
minister and the country's third head of government in a year.
2018 Feb 4, In Romania
protesters calling themselves Christian Orthodox burst into a movie
theater during the French AIDS drama "120 Beats Per Minute" by
French director Robin Campillo. Days later, protesters disrupted
another movie featuring a relationship with a Romanian man and an
ex-convict from the nation's oppressed Roma, or Gypsy, minority
titled "Soldiers: A Story from Ferentari."
2018 Feb 8, A Romanian court
sentenced Darius Valcov, a former finance minister and one of the
architects of the ruling Social Democrats' governing program, to
eight-years in prison for corruption and money-laundering. He
denied wrongdoing and can appeal.
2018 Feb 9, Hungary's PM Viktor
Orban said a forthcoming deal to import natural gas from neighboring
Romania means that the "age of the Russian gas monopoly in Hungary
2018 Feb 12, Romania's PM
Viorica Dancila said she won't fire key adviser Darius Valcov, who
was handed an eight-year prison sentence for corruption and
2018 Feb 27, In Romania two
people were found dead over the last 24 hours as snow and sub-zero
temperatures across much of Europe saw flights canceled, road and
rail transport disrupted, and schools closed.
2018 Mar 7, German and Romanian
officials raided homes and hotels in both countries to smash an
illegal migrant trafficking ring they said was one of the biggest of
its kind in Europe.
2018 Mar 9, A Brazilian
prosecutor said the leader of Romania's ruling Social Democrats and
speaker of its lower house of parliament, Liviu Dragnea, is under
investigation in Brazil on suspicion of money laundering. Brazilian
authorities were investigating whether Dragnea and others had used
ill-gotten funds to buy beach properties in the country through
2018 Mar 10, In Romania
protesters rallied in Bucharest as the ruling Social Democracy party
opened a member congress amid criticism of the government and the
party chairman's leadership.
2018 Mar 16, A Romanian court
has rejected a man's claim that he's alive, after he was officially
registered as deceased. Constantin Reliu (63) lost his case in the
northeast city of Vasului because he appealed too late. The ruling
is final. Reliu went to Turkey in 1992 for work and lost contact
with his Romanian family. Hearing no news from her husband, his wife
managed to get a death certificate for him in 2016.
2018 Mar 19, In Romania
well-known journalist Andrei Gheorghe (56) was found dead in his
home near Bucharest. Police said he likely died of a heart attack,
but more tests were needed. Gheorghe was known for his acerbic and
critical comments about current events, politicians and society in
2018 Mar 23, Heavy snow and
flooding wreaked havoc across large parts of the Balkans, forcing
road closures, flooding homes and stopping ferries on Albania,
Bosnia, Croatia, Serbia and Romania.
2018 Mar 25, In Moldova the
former president of Romania Traian Basescu joined more than 10,000
people in Chisinau to rally in support of reunification between
Romania and Moldova. The issue highlighted a divide in Moldova
between pro-Western and Moscow-backed political factions ahead of
elections in November.
2018 Mar 28, In Romania
Bucharest Mayor Gabriela Firea adopted a project that will provide
13,800 lei ($3,700) for women who seek in-vitro fertilization in a
bid to increase falling birthrates. Up to 1,000 women will be able
to benefit from the aid, to be paid in three installments.
2018 Mar 30, Russia ordered new
cuts to the number of British envoys in the country, escalating a
dispute with the West over the poisoning of an ex-spy in Britain.
Scores of foreign ambassadors streamed into the Russian Foreign
Ministry in Moscow to receive the notices given to 23 nations:
Albania, Australia, Canada, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark,
Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,
Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland,
Romania, Spain, Sweden and Ukraine.
2018 Apr 6, Romanian
authorities said a 9-month-old baby has died of measles, the 46th
fatality from an epidemic that has struck the country over the past
(SFC, 4/7/18, p.A2)
2018 Apr 10, Romanian
prosecutors said authorities have detained nine Romanian men and a
Pakistani man suspected of illegally trafficking more than 100
2018 Apr 10, Romanian public
health officials said they have destroyed 1,100 kg (2,425 pounds) of
Egyptian potatoes after tests showed they had brown rot disease.
2018 Apr 14, Romanian
caricaturist Mihai Stanescu (78), censored for mocking the Communist
regime of Nicolae Ceausescu, died in Bucharest.
2018 Apr 16, In Romania health
workers protested pay cuts following government promises to hike
salaries in the health care sector amid a general tax and wage
2018 Apr 17, Romanian
prosecutors formally indicted former President Ion Iliescu (88) for
crimes against humanity over his role in deaths that occurred during
the anti-communist revolution.
2018 Apr 26, In Romania
thousands of health care workers protested wage cuts outside the
government offices in Bucharest.
2018 Apr 26, Romania's
environment ministry said that the country had between 6,050 to
6,640 brown bears in 2016 and that 4,000 bears was an optimum figure
from an "ecological, social and economic point of view."
2018 Apr 27, A two-day
operation led by Belgian prosecutors seized servers and data from
Islamic State propaganda outlets in a multi-country effort aimed at
tracking down radicals and crimping the group's ability to spread
its violent message. The operation involved authorities in the US,
Canada, Britain, France, the Netherlands, Bulgaria and Romania.
2018 May 3, Doina Cornea (88),
a Romanian anti-communist dissident, died at her home in the
northwestern city of Cluj. She had been beaten and arrested after
criticizing the destruction of Romanian villages and churches during
the regime of Nicolae Ceausescu.
2018 May 7, Romanian health
workers staged a two-hour strike to protest a government measure
that has led to wage cuts for some employees while some medics saw
their salaries doubled.
2018 May 22, In Hungary nine
Romanians were killed when the bus they were traveling in slammed
into an oncoming truck 60km southeast of Budapest.
2018 May 24, A Romanian court
ordered that Austrian businessman Dieter Kaas (67), suspected of
child pornography, be placed under house arrest.
2018 May 30, Romania's
Constitutional Court ruled that President Klaus Iohannis must
dismiss the country's chief anti-corruption prosecutor to resolve an
institutional conflict with the government. The ruling limits the
president's powers and gives the justice minister, a political
appointee, more control over prosecutors in one of the European
Union's most corrupt states.
2018 May 31, The European Court
of Human Rights ruled that Romania (2003-2005) and Lithuania
(2005-2006) allowed the detention and abuse of a Saudi and a
Palestinian at secret US prisons.
2018 Jun 5, The EU's top court,
in a landmark ruling for gay rights in Europe, said that Romania
must grant residence to the American husband of a local man even
though Romania does not itself permit same-sex marriage.
2018 Jun 6, Italian police said
five Romanians have been arrested in Sicily for allegedly exploiting
other Romanians as unpaid farmworkers and prostitutes.
2018 Jun 20, In Romania
protesters gained access to the Parliament building and staged a
noisy protest against recent legislation they say will facilitate
2018 Jun 21, Romania's High
Court of Cassation and Justice found Liveu Dragnea, leader of the
Social Democratic Party, guilty of intervening to keep two party
members on the payroll of a public family welfare agency.
2018 Jun 22, Leaders of
Romania's ruling Social Democratic Party rallied around their
powerful leader Liviu Dragnea, a day after he was handed a 3½-year
jail sentence for abuse of office.
2018 Jun 25, Romania's the
defense minister said his country faces Russian aggression on a
daily basis, and is fending off a wave of cyber-attacks and
2018 Jul 2, In Romania a
parliamentary committee approved a bill that would redefine official
misconduct, a move criticized by the country's anti-corruption
prosecutors. The draft law proposed lowering the maximum prison
sentence for official misconduct from seven years to five years.
2018 Jul 3, Romania's upper
house of parliament voted through a change to the criminal code that
could overturn a prison sentence given to the leader of the ruling
party. The vote came in the face of complaints and protests from
opposition politicians and anti-corruption activists who have
accused the government of allowing widespread graft.
2018 Jul 7, A eastern Romanian
air force MiG-21 Lancer fighter jet crashed during an airshow
killing its pilot.
2018 Jul 9, Romania's chief
anti-corruption prosecutor Laura Codruta Kovesi was fired over
misconduct and incompetence accusations by her own government
ministry, raising concerns at home and abroad about the country's
commitment to fight corruption. Kovesi hit out at politicians who
are currently passing laws that critics say will make it harder to
2018 Jul 11, Romania's Superior
Magistrates Council said that Laura Codruta Kovesi,
chief-anti-corruption prosecutor, has been appointed a prosecutor at
the anti-organized crime agency in the central city of Sibiu.
2018 Jul 10, In Romania two
grandparents and their two grandchildren were swept away by torrents
of water after their cart capsized in a flooded river in the village
2018 Jul 18, Romania's top
court ruled that a gay Romanian-American couple is entitled to the
same residency rights as other married couples in the European
2018 Jul 25, Romanian
authorities said two people have drowned after heavy rain in the
country's northeast. Thousands of emergency workers have been
mobilized to help flood-rescue efforts.
2018 Aug 6, Romanian
authorities reported more than 500 separate outbreaks of African
swine fever in pigs, mainly in the Danube Delta and near the
Hungarian border. 48,000 pigs had been culled since June after they
came down with the disease.
2018 Aug 7, It was reported
that Romanian and German archaeologists have discovered a
prehistoric fortress dating back as far as 3,400 years in western
Romania. Last week they completed a dig uncovering 55 hectares (135
acres) of the 80-hectare (198-acre) site, built between 1,400 BC and
1,200 BC, located near the town of Santana.
2018 Aug 10, Romanians who live
abroad flocked to an anti-government protest in Bucharest. More than
450 people were hurt and around 30 arrested during the huge
anti-corruption protest that urged the left-wing government to
resign and called for an early election. On August 20 a man (62),
who sustained injuries during the protest, died in a hospital where
he was being treated for internal bleeding.
(AP, 8/10/18)(AFP, 8/11/18)(AP, 8/20/18)
2018 Aug 21, Romanian hunting
officials shot dead a brown bear after it rampaged through an empty
high school and scared residents in Miercurea Ciuc. There are
believed to be more than 6,000 brown bears in Romania.
2018 Sep 1, Several thousand
Moldovans gathered in the capital Chisinau to call for reunification
with Romania. Moldova united with Romania in 1918 and was annexed to
the Soviet Union in 1940. It gained independence in 1991.
2018 Sep 6, Romania's justice
minister nominated a little-known regional official, Adina Florea,
for the post of national anti-corruption prosecutor, following the
controversial removal of Laura Codruta Kovesi from the post in July.
To become official, Florea's appointment will have to be approved by
President Klaus Iohannis.
2018 Sep 10, A Romanian court
ruled that a hacker known as Guccifer should be extradited to the US
to serve a 4½-year prison sentence. Marcel Lazar Lehel (46) will be
extradited after completing a seven-year sentence in Romania.
2018 Sep 15, In eastern Romania
US basketball players Darrell Bowie (24) and Joseph McClain (25)
were stabbed late today in a club and Bowie was in a serious
2018 Sep 17, Romania began
hosting a two-day Three Seas Initiative Business Forum, aiming to
boost connectivity in Eastern Europe and improve ties between the
region and the US and EU. Romanian PM Viorica Dancila met a top
Chinese official, saying Romania wanted to export more to China and
attract more investment from there.
2018 Sep 26, In Romania Ion
Ficior (90), an ex-prison chief serving a 20-year sentence there for
crimes against humanity, died He was incarcerated in 2017 for the
deaths of 103 political inmates while in charge of a communist-era
2018 Sep 27, Romania's
education minister resigned over a political dispute involving the
teaching of the Romanian language in schools serving the country's
ethnic Hungarian minority. Valentin Popa said he disagreed with a
demand by the party representing the interests of Romania's 1.3
million Hungarians to allow Hungarian-speaking teachers to keep
2018 Sep 28, Romania's top
court ruled that gay couples should have the same family rights as
heterosexuals, a judgment that comes before a national referendum
seeking to ban same-sex marriage.
2018 Oct 3, Romania's PM
Viorica Dancila accused prosecutors in her country of falsifying
evidence, pressurizing witnesses and modifying testimony.
2018 Oct 3, Costa Rican police
arrested former Romanian Tourism Minister Elena Udrea and former
chief prosecutor Alina Bica who had fled there before they could be
sentenced for crimes committed while in office.
2018 Oct 6, Romania began two
days of voting on a constitutional amendment that would make it
harder to legalize same-sex marriage. Romanian law already prohibits
2018 Oct 7, Romanians voted for
a second day on a constitutional amendment backed by the influential
Romanian Orthodox Church that would make it harder to legalize
same-sex marriage. The vote required a 30 percent turnout to be
valid. More than 90 percent of those who took part in a national
referendum supported defining marriage as a union between a man and
a woman, but the vote was invalidated as too few people cast
(AP, 10/7/18)(AP, 10/8/18)
2018 Oct 15, Romania's
government passed an emergency ordinance requiring prosecutors in
key agencies to have more years of experience — a move that
prosecutors say would hamper current investigations and force some
anti-corruption prosecutors from their jobs.
2018 Oct 16, London police
arrested eight people suspected of being part of an international
human trafficking gang with ties to Romania.
2018 Nov 6, Romania's President
Klaus Iohannis blasted the ruling party's leader as a "criminal at
the top of the state apparatus," saying politicians with criminal
convictions are trying to take over the country's justice system and
undermine efforts to fight corruption.
2018 Nov 9, Romania's
government passed an emergency ordinance that will create two
different levels for the minimum national wage. The minimum monthly
salary will be 2,080 lei ($507) starting Jan.1, while those with
higher education qualifications or 15 years of employment are
guaranteed 2,350 lei ($573).
2018 Nov 12, Romania's Pres.
Klaus Iohannis said his country isn't ready to take over the
European Union's rotating presidency on Jan. 1 and called for the
government to step down.
2018 Nov 12, In western Romania
an explosion occurred in a tunnel where weapons are tested at the
plant in the city of Cugir, followed by a fire. One woman employed
at the factory died in the blast.
2018 Nov 13, Romania's PM
Viorica Dancila dismissed suggestions that the country is not
prepared to take over the rotating presidency of the European Union
next year, despite criticism from the EU that the country is
backsliding on democratic reforms.
2018 Nov 13, The European
Commission complained that Romania has gone back on court reforms,
urging Bucharest to revive efforts immediately to fight corruption
and ensure judicial independence.
2018 Nov 14, Lawmakers in
Romania approved a bill that would cancel wiretap evidence used to
prosecute past corruption cases and could wipe out hundreds of
convictions, including that of the head of the ruling Social
2018 Nov 17, In Romania a
painting believed to be "Tête d’Arlequin" by Pablo Picasso, stolen
in 2012 from Rotterdam’s Kunsthal museum, was found in Tulcea
county. It was valued at roughly 800,000 euros ($913,440). A
Romanian ringleader and his accomplices were convicted of the theft
in 2013, but none of the artworks had been recovered. Romanian
prosecutors the next day said they were trying to verify the work's
authenticity. Dutch media soon reported that the work is more likely
a forgery created as a publicity stunt.
(Reuters, 11/18/18)(AP, 11/19/18)
2018 Nov 18, Romanian diplomat
Mihnea Constanescu (57), praised internationally for his efforts to
combat anti-Semitism, died in Nice, France, after a long illness.
2018 Nov 19, Romania's ruling
Social Democratic Party fired six ministers as the beleaguered
chairman Liviu Dragnea sought to tighten his grip on the government.
2018 Nov 25, Tens of thousands
of Romanians braved hours of cold weather Sunday for the blessing of
a grandiose Orthodox cathedral consecrated to mark 100 years since
modern-day Romania was created in the aftermath of World War I.
Romanian King Carol I passed a law for the cathedral to be built in
1884, but two world wars and decades of communism meant it never
happened. Building work began on the neo-Byzantine structure in
2018 Nov 30, Romanian health
authorities temporarily closed a maternity hospital in the capital
after 13 babies born there recently were diagnosed with
antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
2018 Dec 1, Tens of thousands
of Romanians turned out to celebrate 100 years since their nation
became a modern-day state, and some noted current concerns about the
rule of law and the state of democracy in the Balkan nation.
2018 Dec 6, Turkish journalist
Kamil Demirkaya, accused by Turkey of terrorism, said he has applied
for political asylum in Romania after Turkey sought his extradition.
2018 Dec 7, Romania's President
Klaus Iohannis refused to appoint two ministers, saying the
government is run by a "criminal" through intermediaries.
2018 Dec 10, Romanian
authorities said the number of babies diagnosed with
antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus at a maternity hospital
in Bucharest has risen to 39.
2018 Dec 10, In Romania men
from three cars clambered onto a moving truck and looted laptops and
other electrical equipment worth 50,000 euros ($70,000). Police soon
detained seven men suspected of previously committing similar
2018 Dec 12, In Romania dozens
of people protested against poor air quality in Bucharest, which
recently was ranked one of Europe's most traffic-congested cities.
2018 Dec 14, A Romanian court
rejected a request by Turkey to extradite Kamil Demirkaya, a Turkish
journalist it accuses of terrorism, after prosecutors said the case
2018 Dec 19, Romanian stocks
dived after the government unveiled a surprise package to slash the
budget deficit by raising 10 billion lei ($2.45 billion) of extra
revenue, including through a tax on banks.
2018 Dec 21, In Romania
visiting Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz suggested that foreign
companies could pull out of Romania after the government unveiled a
surprise plan to levy extra taxes on banks and energy companies.
2019 Jan 1, Romania took over
the EU's rotating presidency at a tumultuous time for the bloc and
just days after European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker
voiced doubts about the country's ability to do the job.
2019 Jan 4, In Romania Eugeniu
Iordachescu (89), a civil engineer who devised an ingenious way to
save 12 churches and many other historic buildings from being
destroyed by the country's former Communist strongman, died.
2019 Jan 15, French carmaker
Renault said it was recalling some 13,300 Dacia automobiles in
Romania over safety issues with the driver's air bag inflator.
2019 Jan 16, Romania's
Constitutional Court ruled that secret protocols between prosecutors
and the country's domestic intelligence agency were
unconstitutional. The decision could cause murder and corruption
trials in which prosecutors have relied on evidence that was
obtained under the agreement to collapse.
2019 Jan 17, Romanian coal
miners ended a weeklong strike after the energy minister offered
them wage hikes and other perks.
2019 Jan 22, Romania's Pres.
Klaus Iohannis said that a government decree that could invalidate
hundreds of corruption cases involving senior officials is "crassly
unconstitutional," a development that also prompted concern from the
2019 Jan 23, Romania's national
railway company said a group of Turkish companies have won a 600
million-euro ($681 million) contract to modernize a key line in the
northwest Transylvania region. The European Union will fund about 80
percent of the project, and the Romanian government the rest.
2019 Feb 8, President Klaus
Iohannis said that Romania had decided to join other EU countries
and allies in recognizing Venezuela's opposition leader Juan Guaido
as president partly because Bucharest currently holds the EU's
2019 Feb 19, Romania's Social
Democratic government adopted emergency legislation including a
provision to limit how long top prosecutor agencies can be managed
by interim appointees. The measure also removes the prosecutor
general's oversight of a unit tasked with investigating magistrates.
2019 Feb 22, In Romania
magistrates protested outside courthouses across the country in an
unprecedented protest against changes in judicial legislation that
have raised alarm bells over the rule of law.
2019 Feb 27, A European
Parliament committee picked Romanian prosecutor Laura Codruta Kovesi
to head a new prosecutor's office fighting fraud, despite fierce
opposition from her own government.
2019 Mar 29, The European
Commission criticized Romania for backsliding on the rule of law and
called on Bucharest to treat fairly Laura Kovesi, a candidate to
become the bloc's first-ever chief prosecutor.
2019 Apr 3, Twelve Western
nations urged Romania to scrap two planned emergency decrees
altering judicial legislation, in a rare joint intervention that
underlined US and EU alarm over the threat to the rule of law in the
former communist nation.
2019 Apr 4, Romania's PM
Viorica Dancila rejected calls by ambassadors from 12 countries,
including the United States and Germany, to refrain from amending
laws on fighting crime and corruption by decree.
2019 Apr 8, Former Romanian
President Ion Iliescu (89) was officially charged with crimes
against humanity by the country's top prosecutor as he finalized an
inquiry into the chaotic and bloody anti-Communist revolution of
2019 Apr 17, Romania's Senate
approved changes to the criminal code that could shut down a number
of ongoing high-level graft cases in one of the European Union's
most corrupt states.
2019 May 9, EU leaders, minus
Britain, meeting in Sibiu, Romania, committed to stick together
"through thick and thin" to remain a key player in the world despite
myriad problems facing the bloc.
2019 May 26, Romanians voted
overwhelmingly in support of anti-corruption initiatives in a
referendum called by President Klaus Iohannis.
2019 May 27, A Romanian court
upheld a 3½ year jail sentence for the powerful head of the ruling
Social Democrats, Liviu Dragnea, meaning he now has 24 hours to
report to police to begin his sentence.
2019 May 31, Pope Francis began
a three-day pilgrimage to Romania that in many ways is completing
the 1999 trip by St. John Paul II that marked the first-ever papal
visit to a majority Orthodox country.
2019 Jun 1, Pope Francis braved
a rain-soaked, twisting drive through the mountains of Transylvania
to visit Sumuleu Ciuc shrine, Romania's most famous shrine. He urged
Romanian and ethnic Hungarian faithful to work together for their
(AP, 6/1/19)(SSFC, 6/2/19, p.A6)
2019 Jun 2, Pope Francis
apologized to the Roma ethnic minority for their history of
discrimination in Europe and paid homage to Romanian Catholics
persecuted during communist rule as he wrapped up his third and
final day in the country.
(SFC, 6/3/19, p.A2)
2019 Jun 19, Dacian Ciolos
(49), a former Romanian prime minister (2015-2016), was elected the
first leader of Renew Europe, the new centrist force that includes
French President Emmanuel Macron's La Republique en Marche party,
inside the European Parliament.
2019 Jul 24, In Romania
Alexandra Macesanu (15) went missing. It took authorities 19 hours
to locate and enter a mechanic's residence as they struggled to
trace her calls and secure unnecessary search warrants. The
65-year-old mechanic from the southern town of Caracal later
confessed to her killing and that of another girl (18) last seen in
2019 Jul 28, In Romania
Gheorghe Dinca (65), a mechanic, reportedly confessed to killing
Alexandra Macesanu (15) who was last seen earlier this week, and
Luiza Melencu (18), who was reported missing in April.
2019 Jul 29, Romania's
Constitutional Court struck down changes to the criminal code made
by the ruling Social Democrats that would have halted many
anti-graft cases in one of the European Union's most corrupt
2019 Aug 10, In Romania tens of
thousands of protesters rallied peacefully against the ruling Social
Democrat government in Bucharest on the one-year anniversary of a
violent protest where riot police disproportionately used force.
2019 Aug 18, In Romania a
patient (38) at a psychiatric hospital beat to death five patients
with a drip stand in Sapoca and wounded several more.
(SFC, 8/20/19, p.A2)
2019 Sep 5, The United States
barred Romania's jailed Social Democrat Party leader, Liviu Dragnea,
and his two children from entering the US after his corruption
conviction was upheld.
2019 Oct 8, Romania's President
Klaus Iohannis gave the green light for the creation of the
country's first national Holocaust museum in Bucharest, more than
seven decades after the end of World War Two.
2019 Oct 10, Romanian PM
Viorica Dancila's center-left government collapsed after losing a
no-confidence vote in parliament, raising the prospect of prolonged
political uncertainty due to a fragmented opposition.
2019 Nov 4, Romania's centrist
government of PM Ludovic Orban won parliament's vote of confidence,
unlocking the country's European commissioner nominating process and
ending a gridlock that risked to extend the bloc's policymaking
2019 Nov 10, Romania held a
presidential election after a lackluster campaign that has been
overshadowed by the country's political crisis, which saw a minority
government installed just a few days ago. Pres. Klaus Iohannis got
36.9% of the vote and former prime minister Viorica Dancila got
23.4% forcing a Nov. 24 runoff.
(AP, 11/10/19)(SFC, 11/12/19, p.A2)
2019 Nov 24, Romanians voted in
a presidential runoff election in which incumbent Klaus Iohannis
vied for a second term while vowing to continue efforts to fight
corruption. Iohannis, a conservative, faced Social Democratic Party
leader Viorica Dancila, a former prime minister.
2019 Nov 24, The Queen Hind, a
cargo ship carrying 14,600 sheep, capsized off the coast of Romania.
All crew members were saved along with 32 sheep found swimming by
the ship. Many of the sheep were expected to have drowned.
(USA Today, 11/26,19, p.4A)
2020 Jan 15, The World
Organization for Animal Health (OIE) said Romania has reported an
outbreak of the highly pathogenic H5N8 bird flu virus on a farm in
the northern part of the country, the first such outbreak in nearly
2020 Feb 24, Romania's top
court overturned President Klaus Iohannis's re-nomination of ousted
Liberal Party leader Ludovic Orban as prime minister, potentially
derailing plans to trigger an early parliamentary election.
2020 Feb 27, In the past 24
hours, the WHO recorded seven nations that announced their first
cases of the novel coronavirus: Brazil, Georgia, Greece, North
Macedonia, Norway, Pakistan and Romania.
(Good Morning America, 2/27/20)
2020 Mar 14, Romania's
lawmakers approved the new cabinet of PM Ludovioc Orban, ending more
than a month of political wrangling.
2020 Mar 22, The Romanian
government confirmed the first death in the country due to
2020 Mar 25, Romania's Pres.
Klaus Iohannis said his government will postpone monthly loan
repayments for a period of up to 9 months to help domestic borrowers
hit by the coronavirus crisis. Romania reported 144 new infections
to an overall of 906 cases and 13 deaths.
2020 Jun 19, In Romania exiled
Iranian judge Gholamreza Mansouri (52), was found dead after he
apparently fell from his hotel room window. He was facing arrest in
Germany over the alleged abuse and torture of journalists. Mansouri
was also the subject of an extradition request by Iran which had
accused him of taking bribes worth half a million pounds.
2020 Jul 22, Romania said its
number of coronavirus infections rose by a record 1,030 new cases in
a day. Romania has confirmed 40,163 cases since the pandemic reached
it in late February and 2,101 people have died.
2020 Jul 23, In Romania the
number of coronavirus infections rose by a record amount for a
second consecutive day. Romania announced 1,112 new cases, taking
confirmed cases to 41,275. Some 2,126 people have died.
2020 Jul 31, Romania said its
number of coronavirus infections rose by 1,295 new cases on the day
taking the cumulative total to 50,886 cases. 2,343 people have died.
The country is under a state of alert that is due to end in two
2020 Aug 31, Romania announced
an easing of coronavirus restrictions. The country has confirmed
more than 87,500 cases and 3,600 deaths.
(SFC, 9/1/20, p.A6)
2020 Sep 16, In rural Romania a
stash of some 200 rare and valuable books, stolen in 2017 from a
London warehouse, was discovered hidden in a concealed space under a
2020 Sep 27, In Romania about
19 million registered voters chose local officials, council
presidents and mayors to fill more than 43,000 positions across the
nation. The left-leaning Social Democrat Party, known as PSD, lost
the most closely watched contest — the one for the mayor of the
2020 Sep 30, Romania reported
that the number of new coronavirus infections rose by a record 2,158
in the past 24 hours, as cases surged across central Europe.
2020 Oct 7, Romania reported a
record 2,985 coronavirus infections. Hospital workers in Bucharest
protested accusing the governmentof failing to protect their
industry from the pandemic's economic fallout.
(SFC, 10/8/20, p.A5)
2020 Oct 13, Romania's centrist
minority government introduced new progressive restrictions to stem
a rise in new coronavirus infections and will extend a state of
alert until mid-November. The total number of confirmed cases has
risen to 160,461 since the pandemic reached the country in late
February. 5,535 people have died.
2020 Oct 19, Romania said its
number of new daily coronavirus infections has risen by about 4,000
over the past week, taking the cumulative total to 182,854.
Bucharest closed schools, restaurants and theatres from Oct. 20 and
widened the compulsory use of face masks to all outdoor spaces
across the city as infection rates soared. Since the outbreak began
in February, 5,931 people have died in the country of 20 million.
2020 Oct 23, Romania's number
of new coronavirus infections rose by a daily record of 5,028 in the
past 24 hours. The total number of confirmed cases rose to 201,032
and 6,245 deaths.
2020 Nov 6, Romania's
government said it will impose a nationwide nighttime curfew and
close all schools for 30 days from Nov. 9 after seeing the number of
daily coronavirus infections double in two weeks. A record 9,714
infections were confirmed in the last 24 hours. More than 7,500
people have died since the beginning of the outbreak in late
2020 Nov 14, In northeastern
Romania a fire at a hospital treating COVID-19 patients killed 10
people and injured 10 others, seven of them critically, in the city
of Piatra Neamt. Prosecutors quickly opened a criminal
2020 Dec 6, Romania held
elections. Just 32% of eligible voters cast a ballot.
(Reuters, 12/7/20)(Econ., 12/12/20, p.55)
2020 Dec 7, Romania's PM
Ludovic Orban claimed victory in his country's Dec. 6 elections.
With 95% of ballots counted, the populist, corruption-prone and
fiscally reckless Social Democrat Party (PSD) had around 30% of the
vote, with the reformist center-right National Liberal Party of PM
Orban trailing them by about 5%. Orban resigned after voters
delivered a nominal victory to the left-leaning, populist opposition
party. The new ultra-nationalist Alliance for Romanian Unity (AUR)
took 9% of the vote.
(Reuters, 12/7/20)(SFC, 12/8/20, p.A2)(Econ.,
2020 Dec 23, Romania’s
parliament approved a new liberal government and prime minister,
keeping out of power a left-leaning populist party that won most
votes at a parliamentary election earlier this month. Former
investment banker and finance minister Florin Citu become the new
2020 Dec 29, President Klaus
Iohannis said Romania would donate 200,000 doses of the
Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine to Moldova, offered as a gesture of
solidarity following the election of the pro-Western President Maia
2020 An estimated 1.3 million
Romanians returned home this year due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
(Econ., 1/30/21, p.43)
2021 Jan 29, In Romania a fire
killed five patients at the COVID-19 Matei Bals hospital in
Bucharest and 102 others were evacuated.
2021 Feb 27, Romania shipped
its first donation of AstraZeneca's COVID-19 vaccine to neighboring
Moldova to allow Moldova to start vaccinating frontline medical
workers next week.
2021 Mar 7, In Romania around
3,000 anti-vaccination protesters converged outside the parliament
building in Bucharest to demand that lawmakers not make
(SFC, 3/8/21, p.A4)
2021 Mar 13, In Romania
Austrian Prince Emanuel von und Liechtenstein killed a 17-year-old
brown bear during a 4-day hunt in Covasna County for which he
reportedly paid $8,400. Romania officially banned trophy hunting in
2016 , but hunting permits for "problematic" could be issued as a
last resort. In May an investigation was opened for possible
(SFC, 5/7/21, p.A4)
2021 Mar 21, Romania recorded
its highest number of COVID-19 patients in intensive care units
since the pandemic began. Over the past week some days saw more than
6,000 new cases.
(SFC, 3/22/21, p.A5)
2021 Mar 25, In Romania
hundreds of police protested in Bucharest over cutbacks and poor
working conditions. The demonstrations were held on Romanian Police
Day, which this year marked 199 years since its formation.
2021 Apr 10, In Romania
marchers took to the streets of Bucharest to protest restrictive
measures to fight the spread of COVID-19 even as new daily
infections passed the milestone of 1 million confirmed COVID-19
cases. Romania has so far recorded 25,006 coronavirus deaths.
2021 Apr 15, Romania's centrist
government approved a United States-backed bill that effectively
bars China and Huawei from taking part in development of its 5G
2021 May 10, Romanian
authorities confiscated 1,452 kg (3,200 pounds) of heroin at a Black
Sea port in one of the biggest seizures of the drug in the European
Union in recent years. The heroin allegedly came from Iran.
2021 Jun 14, Romania reported
its lowest number of daily coronavirus infections in more than a
year with just 50 new cases.
(SFC, 6/15/21, p.A5)
2021 Jul 2, Ireland said it has
agreed in principle to buy one million COVID-19 vaccines from
Romania, just days after Romania agreed to offload over 1 million
excess shots to fellow EU member Denmark.
2021 Jul 26, Romanian
authorities confiscated 503 kg (1,109 pounds) of cocaine that was
discovered in a fruit and vegetable warehouse near Bucharest. The
cocaine had arrived in a transport of approximately 20 tons of
bananas from Colombia.
2021 Aug 14, In Romania several
thousand LGBT supporters took to the streets of Bucharest for a gay
pride parade that resumed after a year’s pause due to the pandemic.
Hours earlier around 100 far-right opponents, who advocate for
traditional family values, held an anti-LGBT counter-march in the
2021 Sep 7, Romania’s governing
center-right coalition faced a no-confidence vote after junior
partner USR-Plus resigned from the government. A week of political
turmoil had erupted when PM Florin Citu fired justice minister and
USR-Plus member Stelian Ion for not signing off on a 10 billion euro
($12 billion) regional infrastructure development program.
2021 Sep 22, Romania reported
the year's highest daily number of coronavirus infections as cases
doubled within a week, amid relatively low vaccination rates and the
reopening of schools after the summer break.
2021 Sep 30, Romania's centrist
minority government introduced new progressive restrictions late
today to stem a rise in new coronavirus infections, including making
mask wearing mandatory outside, but opted to keep schools open.
2021 Oct 1, In Romania seven
people died in Constanta when a fire broke out in an intensive care
unit treating COVID-19 patients, the country's third deadly hospital
fire in less than a year.
2021 Oct 2, In Romania
thousands of people demonstrated in the main squares of Bucharest
against new coronavirus restrictions announced by the government
this week to fight a steep rise in infections.
2021 Oct 5, Romania's
parliament toppled the nine-month-old minority government of PM
Florin Citu in a vote of no-confidence, but key parties said they
would work to return the previous majority coalition to power soon.
2021 Oct 12, Romania reported
nearly 17,000 coronavirus infections and 442 deaths, its highest
numbers since the pandemic started.
(SFC, 10/13/21, p.A4)
2021 Oct 19, Romania reported
record numbers of daily coronavirus deaths and infections, as a
hospital system stretched to breaking point by the EU's
second-lowest vaccination rate ran out of intensive care beds. New
infections in the preceding 24 hours topped 18,800 while 574 people
died of the virus.
2021 Nov 2, Romania reported a
record daily number of 591 COVID-19 deaths amid a persistently low
vaccination rate and a wave of coronavirus infections that has
overwhelmed the country's ailing health care system. Only 37% of
adults in Romania have been fully vaccinated.
2021 Nov 9, It was reported
that hundreds of people have been dying each day for the past two
months in Romania, which has been among the hardest-hit in the
current virus onslaught raging through Central and Eastern European
nations. About 40% of the population has been fully vaccinated.
2021 Nov 22, Romania's centrist
Liberals and the leftist Social Democrats finalized their grand
coalition and the country's president nominated retired army general
Nicolae Ciuca as prime minister, hoping to end a two-month long
2021 Nov 25, Romanian President
Klaus Iohannis swore in a new coalition government led by a Liberal
former army general and declared an end to a months-long political
crisis that had gripped the Eastern European nation.
2021 Nov 26, Romania's central
bank unveiled a new 20 lei banknote celebrating World War I
lieutenant Ecaterina Teodoroiu, the first named woman to be depicted
on Romanian money.
2021 Dec 10, Romania introduced
new travel restrictions and isolation measures for people entering
the country as officials seek to avert another health care crisis
following the emergence of the omicron variant of the coronavirus.
2021 Dec 21, Romanian
protesters tried to force their way into parliament, blocking
traffic and vandalizing some cars in the capital Bucharest in an
attempt to prevent lawmakers from making a COVID-19 health pass
mandatory for workers.